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Full text of "The botanist's repository, for new, and rare plants : containing coloured figures of such plants, as have not hitherto appeared in any similar publication, with all their essential characters, botanically arranged, after the sexual system of the celebrated Linnaeus : in English and Latin : to each description is added a short history of the plant, as to its time of flowering, culture, native place of growth, when introduced, and by whom"

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PLATE CXLV. 

HILLIA LONGIFLORA. 

hong-flowered Hillia. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 

HEXJNDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium hexaphyllum; foliolis ob- 

longis, acutis, eredtis. 
Corolla ruonopetala; tubus cylindricus, lon- 

giflimus; limbus fexfidus; laciniis oblongis, 

planis. 
Stamina. Filamenta fex, brevifiima. Antherae 

oblongae, ere&ae, intra faucem corollae. 
Pistillum. Germen inferum, oblongum, ob- 

folete hexagonum. Stylus filiformis, lon- 

gitudine tubi. Stigma capitatum. 
Pericarpium oblongum, compreffum, bilocu- 

lare. 
Semina numerofa, minima. 



Empalement. Cup fix-leaved; leaflets oblong, 

fharp pointed and upright. 
Blossom one petal, tube cylindrical, very long; 

border fix-cleft; fegments oblong, flat. 

Chives. Threads fix very fliort. Tips oblong, 
upright, within the mouth of the bloflbm. 

Pointal. Seed-bud beneath oblong, llightly 
fix-fided. Shaft thread-fhaped, the length 
of the tube. Summit headed. 

Seed-vessel oblong, flattened and two celled. 

Seeds many, very fmall. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Hillia corollis fexfidis, laciniis lanceolatis, fupra 
convexis; foliis ovatis, acutis, glabris. 



Hillia with bloffoms fix cleft, fegments lance- 
ihaped, convex above; leaves egg-fhaped, 
pointed and I'mooth. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A flower cut open, to expofe the number and fituation of the Chives. 

2. The Shaft and its fummit, natural fize, placed by the flower, to fhew its proportional 

length to the tube. 
The Seed-bud, with the leaflets of the Enipalement attached, cut tranfverfely, to fhew 
the divifion of the cells in the center. 



3. 



This fpecies of Hillia was firft introduced to our gardens in the year I/89, from the Ifland of Bar- 
badoes, fent in plants, by Mr. J. Elcock, to Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith. Originally 
this ihrub was fpecifically termed, parasitica by profeilbr Jacquin, when he firft formed, and titled 
the Genus, after Dr. J. Hill, of voluminous memory; from a fuppofition that it was to be found 
growing, only, upon fome other plant; a circumftance, which being denied by Swartz, he has altered 
it to hiigiflora. We have followed the latter name that ours may go in unifon with the author of 
the laft Species plantarum now publifhing by Willdenow, as well as profeffor Martyn, who in his 
edition of Miller's Diaionary has followed Swartz; they appearing to be the nrioft accurate, as well as 
the molt read and followed of any modern Botanical authorities. It is a tender hot-houfe plant, ftrikes 
ealily from cuttings, thrives in rich mould and flowers about the end of February. To die Right 
Hon. Lord Vifcount Valentia we are indebted, for the fpeciraen from which our figure was taken, 
fent from his Lordfhip's famed collection at Arley near Bewdley, Statfordfhire; where, we believe, it 
has flowered for the firft time in England. 



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PLATE CXLVI. 

PSORA LEA ACULEATA. 

Prickly Psoralen. 



CLASS XVII. ORDER IV. 
DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Chives in two fets. Ten Chives. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, tubercu- 

lis punftatum, quinquefiduru; laciniis acu- 

tis, sequalibus, perfifientibus; infima du- 

plo longiore. 
Cokolla papilionacea, pentapetala. 

Vexxllum subrotundum, emarginatum, af- 

furgens. 

Alee lunulatae, obtul'ae, parvae. 

Carina dipetala, lumilata, oblula. 

Stamina. Filamenta diadelpha (fimplex feta- 

ceum et novem coalita), adfeendentia. An- 

thene fubrotunds. 
Pistillum. Gerraen lineare. Stylus fubula- 

tus, adfeendens, longitudine uaminum. 

Stigma obtufum. 
Pekicarpium. Legumen longitudine calycis, 

compreflum, adfeendens, acuminatum. 
Semen unicum, reniforme. 



Empalement. Cup one leaf, dotted over with 
fmall tubercles, and five-cleft; the feg- 
ments equal and remaining, the lower one 
twice the length of the others. 

Blossom butterfly-lhaped, five petalled. 

Standard nearly round, notched at the end, 
turned upwards. 

Wings half-moon-fnaped, obtufe, fmall. 
Keel two-petalled, half-raoon-fhaped, ob- 
tufe. 

Chives. Threads in two fets (a fingle one 
like a brittle, and nine united), afcending. 
Tips nearly round. 

Pointal. Seed-bud linear. Shaft awl-fhaped, 
afcending, the length of the chives. Sum- 
mit blunt. 

Seed-vessel. A pod the length of the cup, flat- 
tened, afcending, and tapered to the point. 

Seed, one, kidney-lhaped. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Pforalea foliis tenia! is, minimis, confertillimis, 
recurvatis, in fpinulam definentibus. 



Pforalea with three-leafletted leaves, very fmall, 
very crowded, bent back, and ending in a 
fmall fpine. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. The Standard of a Rlofibm. 

3. One of the Wings of the fame. 

4. The two Petals of the Keel. 

5. The Chives, a little magnified. 



The Prickly Pforalea is not a new plant in our collections; for, it was firft introduced by Mr. F. Mji- 
fon to the Royal Gardens at Kew, as we learn from the Catalogue, in the year 1/74. But although 
lb long a fojourner with us, it is not found in many collections, owing to the difficulty in its increafe, 
as it feldom ripens its feeds; and cuttings, the only remaining method, but seldom fucceed ; although 
by taking them from a vigorous growing plant and giving them the affiftance of the bark-bed of the 
hothoule, early in March, a few plants have been procured occasionally. Our drawing was mad'- 
from a moft beautiful plant in the Clapham Colleftion, laft year, in the month of Auguft. 



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PLATE CXLVII. 

GLADIOLUS CUSP I DAT US. 

Spear --/potted Gladiolus. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 



TRIJNDRIA MONOGYNU. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla fexpartita, ringens. Stamina adfcen- 
dentia. 



Blossom fix divifions, gaping. Chives afcend- 
ing. 
See Gladiolus roseus. Plate XI. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gladiolus foliis lineari-enfiformibus, glabris; co- 
rolla ringente; laciniis longiffimis, acumi- 
natis, undulatis, fubsequalibus, tribus in- 
ferioribus in medio macula oblonga notatis. 



Gladiolus with leaves that are linearly fword- 
fhaped and fmooth; bloffom gaping; feg- 
ments very long, tapered to the point, 
waved and nearly equal, the three lower in 
the middle have an oblong fpot. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The two lheaths of the Empalement. 

2. A bloffom cut open, with the Chives remaining attached. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit. 



The Gladiolus here figured, reprefents a variety of one of the molt errant fpecies of the Genus, 
known commonly by the name of Spade Gladiolus, and of which we have drawings of eight, quite, 
diftinft; yet all, unquestionably, originating in one common parent. It was introduced in 179^, 
from the Cape of Good Hope, by Mr. R. Williams, nurferyman of Turnham-green, near Brentford; 
is a very hardy greenhouie bulb, increales from the root in abundance, if planted in very fandy 
peat earth, and flowers about the Month of April, or May. 



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PLATE CXLVIII. 

LACHENALIA QUADRICOLOR, 

Four -coloured hachenalia. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Cob. 6-petala, infera; petalis 3 interioribus 
longioribus. Stamina erefta. Capfula fub- 
ovata, trialata. Semina globofa. 



Bloss, 6-petals, beneath; the three inner pe- 
tals the longest. Chives erect. Capfule 
nearly egg.fhaped, three winged. Seeds 
globular. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Lachenalia foliis geminis, lineari-lanceolatis; 
fcapo erefto; corollis propendulis, cylin- 
dricis, quadricoloratis, cum limbo petalo- 
rum interiorum patulo. 



Lachenalia with leaves in pairs, linearly lance- 
fhaped; flower-ftero. ereftj blolToms hang- 
ing down, cylindrical, and four-coloured, 
with the border of inner petals fpreading 
out. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Flower cut open, with the Chives remaining. 

2. An inner Petal, with its Chive, fliewn from the infide. 

3. An outer Petal, fhewn from the outfide. 

4. The Pointal complete. 



About the year 1799, this very handfome fpecies of Lachenalia was firft received by Meffrs. Lee and 
Kennedy, HammerlYnith, from the Cape of Good Hope, fent in bulbs to them by J. Pringle, Efq. 
It is as hardy as the L tricolor, to which it much inclines, well known to colleftors, and is equally 
eafily propagated; an excellent figure of which is to be found, in the 82d Plate of the Botanical Ma- 
gazine of Mr. Curtis. The L. quadricolor is given as a iynonym by Willdenow to L. pendula, a plant 
we have already figured, and from which this ftands quite diftinct in the conformation of every part} 
they are both to be found in the 2d Vol. of Icon, of Jacquin, from whom we copy our fpecific title, 
the pendula, t. 400, the quadricolor, t. 3g6. 



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PLATE CXLIX. 

S TRUTH I OLA CI LI ATA 

Fringed-leaved Struthiola. 



CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Perianthium diphyllum. Corolla tubulofa, 
4-fida; Ne&arium, glandulse octo fauci cir- 
cumpofitae. Semen unum, fubbaccatum. 



Cup two-leaved. Bloilbm tubular, 4-cleft; Ho- 
ney-cup, 8 glands placed round the mouth 
of the bloilbm. One feed like a berry. 

See Steuthiola imbricata, PI. CXIII. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Struthiola foliis ovato-lanceolatis, mucronatis, 
ciliatis, concavis, quadrifariam imbricatis, 
apice incurvis; corolla fubalbida. 



Struthiola with leaves between egg and lance- 
fhaped, pointed, fringed, concave, tiled in 
four rows, turned inwards at the point; 
bloilbm whitifh. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A leaf fliewn fide- ways that the incurvature of the upper part may be feen. 

2. A flower complete. 

3. The two leaves of the Empalement, magnified. 

4. A bloffom-cut open, to expofe the fituation of the chives, at the mouth of the tube, 

magnified. 

5. The Pointal, a little magnified. 



This is the variety of Struthiola ciliata promifed in the laft number. It varies from the other in the 
largenefs and incurvation of the leaves, and colour of the flower, as well as, in the growth of the 
plant; in this, the ftem rifes to three feet; in that, it feldom exceeds one. With rather lefs difficulty 
it is increafed and preferved than the red variety, and makes a very handfome figured plant, 
flowering in the month of Auguft, at which feafon, laft year, our drawing was taken from a plant in 
the Hibbertian Collection. This Var. has the advantage of the other, in having the bloffoms 
extremely fragrant, in the evening. 




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PLATE CL. 

GERANIUM PRjEMORSUM. 

Bitten-leaved Geranium. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. if suppi. s 9 si. 

Peg. 1781. 
MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. Frudtus rof- 
tratus, penta-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five summits. Fruit furnifhed 

with long awns, rive dry berries. 
See Geranium grandiflorum, PI. XII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis incifo-lobatis, reniformibus 5 
lobis cuneiformibus, praemorfis; floribus 
fubfolitariis, heptandris; caule flexuolb, 
fubcarnoso. 



Geranium with leaves deeply cut into lobes and 
kidney-fhaped ; lobes wedge-fhaped, and 
bitten at the ends; flowers generally foli- 
tary, with feven fertile tips; ftem grows 
zig-zag, rather fleihy. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement cut open, to fhew its tubular ftru&ure. 

2. The Chives and Pointal. 

3. The Chives fpread open. 

4. The Pointal and Seed bud. 



The Geranium praemorium offers a molt beautiful addition to this already very extenlive genus, but 
is without doubt a true fpecies. It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and was introduced to us, 
from thence, in the year 1/98, by Captain Quarrel; brought in feed, and communicated to Mr. 
J. Colville of the King's Road, Chelfea ; who informs us, that it flowers from March, till November, 
that he keeps it in rich dungy earth, and that it is railed, pretty freely, by cuttings; requiring the heat 
of a dry ftove in the winter months. Our figure was made at the nurfery, Chelfea, about the begin- 
ning of March this year. 



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PLATE CL1. 

P1TTOSPORUM CORIACEUM. 

Thick-leaved PHtoJborum. 



CLASS V. ORDER 1. 
PEISTJNDRIA MONOGYNIJ. Five Chives. One Pointed. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium pentaphyllum, inferum, 

deciduum. 
Corolla. Petala quinque; ungues concavi, in 

tubum urceolatum conniventes; lamina; 

ovato-oblongae, patentes. 
Stamina. Filamenta quinque, fubulata, recep- 

taculo inferta. Antherae fagittatae, ereftae, 

filamentis dorfo atrixae. 
Pistillum. Germen ovatum, fuperum, com- 

preffum. Stylus brevillimus, cylindricus. 

Stigma capital um, planum. 
Pericarfium. Bacca fubglobofa, 2-5 locularis, 

2-5 valvis; loculamentis pulpa refinofa fca- 

tentibus ; diffepimenta valvulis contraria. 
Semina tria feu quatuor, angulata, oblonga, ob- 

tufa, offea. 



Emfalement. Cup five-leaved, beneath, and 
falling off. 

Blossom. Five petals ; claws concave, doling 
into a tube pitcher-fhaped ; the borders ob- 
long egg fhaped, fpreading. 

Chives. Threads five, awl-fliaped, inferted into 
the receptacle. Tips arrow fhaped, up- 
right, fixed by the back to the threads. 

Pointal. Seed-bud egg-lhaped, above, flat- 
tened. Shaft very fhort, cylindrical. Sum- 
mit headed, flat. 

Seed vessel. A roundifh berry 2-5 cells, 2-5 
valves; the cells filled with a refinous pulp ; 
partitions contrary to the valves. 

Seeds, three or four, angulated, oblong, ob- 
tufe, and bony. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Pittofporum foliis ovalibus, obtufis, glaberrimis, 
coriaceis, integerrimis. 



Pittofporum with oval leaves, blunt ended, 
very fmooth, leathery, and quite entire. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

J . The Empalement. 

2. A Petal of the Blolibm. 

3. The Chives and Pointal. 

4. The Pointal feparated from the Chives. 

5. A Berry of the fize when ripe. 



About the year 1/S3, this plant was firft railed in Britain, from feeds which had been received from 
the Ifland of Madeira, by Mefiis. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith. It forms one of the moft deco- 
rative and confpicuous plants, either in the Confervatory, or Green-houfe; and if encouraged in its 
growth, by being planted in the border of the one ; or kept in rich earth, in a large pot in the other, 
will attain the height of from 6 to 8 feet. The finelt fpecimen we believe, in England, of this plant 
is to be found in the elegant Confervatory of the Bight Honourable Lord B. Spencer, Woolbedding, 
SulTex. The flowers, which grow in clutters from the ends of the branches in May, have the flavour 
ofJafmine; but are rather tranfitory. It is propagated but tlowly and with difficulty, as it does not 
perfect its feeds with us, and it is not to be increaled by laying: the only method is callings, which 
fliould be taken whillt very young and tender from the plant, about April, and put from 6" to 8 
in a pot, fixed very tight, in ftifrift) loam ; they must remain under a hand-glafs on a lhady border till 
Autumn, when they may be removed into the hot-houfe and plunged into the bark bed, when 
they will begin to grow the entiling fpring. 



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PLATE CLII. 



GERANI I'M S P AT H UL AT UM. 

Spatula-leaved Geranium . 



CLASS XVI, ORDER IV. of Suppi. s S st. 

Veg. 1781. 

MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. Fruit, us rof- 
tratus, penta-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five summits. Fruit furnitiieu 

with long awns, five dry berries. 
See Geranium grandii-lorum, PI. XII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis integerrimis, fpathulatis, gla- 
bris, obtufis, radicalibus; calycibus mono- 
phyllis; ftaminibus quinque fertilibus; ra- 
dice tuberofa. 



Geranium with quite entire leaves, fpatula- 
fhaped, fmooth, blunt, and growing from 
the root; cups one-leaved; five fertile 
chives ; root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement cut open, to fhew its hollow ftru&ure. 

2. The Chives and Pointal natural fize. 

3. The Chives lpread open, to fhew the number and fituation of the fertile ones, 

which are alternate. 

4. The Pointal magnified. 



The greater number of Geraniums which have been introduced of late, are of the tuberous herba- 
ceous kind; drawings of 14 we have, independent of thofe already figured; conftituting a diftin- 
guifhed, and diftindt natural branch of this extenfive family. For the moll part, they have only five 
fertile chives with tubular empalements, lbme only two, and others feven, with the footftalk of the 
flower folid up to the bottom of the cup. This fpecies is as yet, we believe, only in the Hibbertian 
Collection, Clapham, where our drawing was taken in April this year. The roots had been received 
in the autumn of 1800 from the Cape. It appears to require the fame management as G. pun&atum, 
and like it, may be increafed by the root. 



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PLATE CLIII. 

VIOLA PEDATA. 

Bird' 's-foof -leaved Violet. 



CLASS XIX. ORDER VI. 

SYNGENESIA VOLYGAMIA MONOGAMIA. Tips united. Flowers fimple. 



GENERIC 
Calyx. Perianthium pentaphyllum, breve, per- 
fiftens; foliolis ovato-oblongis, erectis, apice 
acutioribus, bafi obtufis, fupra bafin aftixis, 
aequalibus, fed difpofitione variis; quorum 
duo fulciunt petalum a. . ; fingula fingulum 
petalum p. y.\ unicum duo petala 8. s. fi- 
miil. 
Corolla pentapetala, irregularis, petalis inae- 

qualibus; quorum 
Petalum a. supremum rectum, deorfum fpec- 
tans, latins, obtufius, emarginatum, defi 
nens bafi in neetarium corniculatum, obtu- 
fum, inter calycis iuliola prominens. 

/3. y. Lateralia paria, obtufa, oppofita, re&a. 

o. c. Infima paria, majora, furfum reflexa. 

Stamina. Filamenta quinque, minima, quo- 
rum duo petalo a. proxima appendicibus 
annexis intrant nefctarium. Anthers fae- 
pius connexee, obtufae, membranis ad api- 
cem au£ta?. 

Fistillum. Germen fubrotundum. Stylus fi- 
liformis, extra antberas prominens. Stig- 
ma obliquum. 

Pericarpium. Capfula ovata, trigona, obtufa, 
uniloculars, trivalvis. 

Semina plura, ovata, appendiculata, valvis af- 
fixa. Receptaculum lineare, per fmgulam 
valvulam lmex inftar excurrens. 

Ols. Stigma, vel in hamum simplicem reflecti- 
tur, vel capitulum est concavum apice per- 
forata. 



CHARACTER. 

Cup five-leaved, fhort, permanent; leaflets ob- 
long-egg-fhaped, ereft, fharpifh at the point, 
blunt at the bottom, joined together above 
the bafe, equal, but varioufly difpofed; of 
which, two fupport petal a., one each petal 
/3. y. and one the two petals S. i, together. 

Blossom five petals, irregular, unequal petals, of 
winch 

The upper petala,. is upright, bent back, broader, 
and blunter than the reft, notched at the 
end, terminating at the bafe in a blunt horn- 
fhaped honey-cup, protruding between the 
leaflets of the cup. 

The lateral petals /3. y. grow in pairs, obtufe, 
opporite, upright. 

The tower petals o. e. grow in pairs, larger, and 
reflexed upwards. 

Chives. Five threads, very fmall; of which 
the two neareft to the petal a., have fmall 
appendages which enter the honey-cup. 
Tips generally united, blunt, enlarged by 
fkinny fubttances at the end. 

Pointal. Seed-bud roundilh. Shaft thread- 
lhaped, projecting beyond the tips. Summit 
oblique. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule egg-fhaped, three-tided, 
blunt, one cell and thiee valves. 

Seeds many, egg-fhaped, having appendages, 
fixed to the valves. Receptacle linear, 
running like a line along each valve. 

Ols. The summit is either reflexed into a sim- 
ple lioolt, or a concave small head perforated 
at the end. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Viola acaulis; foliis pedatis, feptempartitis; 
laciniis dentatis. 



Violet without a flan, leaves formed like a 
bird's foot, with feven divifions; fegments 
toothed. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Empalement. 

2. One of the upper Petals of the Bloffom. 

3. One of the lateral Petals. 

4. The lower Petal, with its Honey-cup. 

5. The Chives and Puintal with the Appendages that fall into the Honey-cup 

from the two hinder threads. 

6. The Pointal magnified. 



The Bird's-ioot-leaved Violet is a native of North America near Philadelphia; and (according to 
the Kew Catalogue) was cultivated by Mr. P. Miller, in 1750, at the Phyfic Gardens, Chelfea. It is 
a hardy herbaceous plant, but is fomctimes deftroyed by the wetnefs of our autumnal months : the 
flowers, if kept in the open air, expand about May, or the beginning of June; but if kept in pots 
they, with a flight protection from the Spring frotls, will be produced in April. Peat earth is the 
foil it approves moft, and it lhould not be expofed to too much wet, whether planted in the borders 
or in pots. The roots may be parted in March. 












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P L A T E CL1V. 

ECHIUM A R G E N T E U M. 
Silvery -leaved Viper s-Buglofs. 



CLASS V. ORDER I. 
VENTJNDRL4 MONOGYNIA. Five Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER 
Corolla irregularis, fauce nudi. 



Blossom irregular, mouth naked. 

See Echium ckandiflokum, PL XX. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Echium foliis lanceolalis, acutis, fericeo-villofis; 
fpicis terruinalibusj corolla violacea, fubae- 
qualia. 



Viper's- buglofs with lance-lhaped leaves, fharp- 
pointed and filkily-hairy; ipikes terminate 
the branchesj blollbm violet colour, nearly 
equal. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. A Flower cut open, with the Chives remaining attached. 

3. The Seed-buds, Shaft, and Summit. 



This fine fpecies of Echium, was railed from feeds received from the Cape of Good Hope in the 
year 1789, at the nurfery, Hammerfmith: where our drawing was made, laft year, from a plant which 
had been planted in the open ground, for the lummer months; and where it had grown to the height 
of four feet. It is a hardy green-houfe plant, and grows belt in light earth, either peat, or leaf 
mould; and flowers about July. It is as difficult to propagate as either, the E. grandirlorum, or E. 
ferociffimum; but only to be increafed, like them, by cuttings. 



'/7 




I h /mi hi ./>./< a /i 



PLATE CLV. 

IXIA POLYSTACHIA. 

Many-fpiked Ixia. 

— ' ^&i 

CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIJNDRIA MONOGYNU. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla 6-partita, patens, equalis. Stigmata II Blossom 6-divifions, fpreading, equal. Summits 
3, eredriufculo-patula. three, nearly upright and fpreading. 

II See Ixia reflexa, Vol. I. Plate XIV. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Ixia foliis linearibus; fcapo fpicis pluribus; flo- j| Ixia with linear leaves j flower-ftem with many 
ribus oppofitis, fpicatisj corollis albidis. fpikes; flowers grow oppofite and fpiked ; 

II bloffoms white. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two fheaths of the Empalement. 

2. A flower cut open to (hew the fituation of the Chives. 

3. The Pointal natural fize. 



This is the plant which is figured by Miller, in the coloured plates which correfpond with the dictionary, 
104, t. 155. fig. 2. under the fpecific title it here bears; and, fays the Kew Catalogue, was cultivated 
by him 1/5/. Since this is the firlt which bore the title of Polyftachia, and being of the colour we 
think is moftly primitive in flowers, we have given it the preference ; and lhall confider all the other 
18, (of which we have drawings and decidedly of this fpecies) as varieties from this. The flowers of 
this fpecies are more lafting than moil of the others ; and are in general, efpecially this fort, very 
hardy. It propagates freely by the root and by feed. Our drawing was made at the nurlery, Ham- 
merfrnith, laft year, in the month of May. 



PLATE CLVI. 

BANKSIA ERIC^EFOLIA. 

Heath-leaved Bankfia. 

CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Receptaculum commune elongatum, fquamofum. 
Corolla tetra-petala. Stamina limbo inferta. 
Capfula bivalvis, difperma, interjecto femi- 
nibus diffepimento mobili. Semina alata. 



Common receptacle elongated, fcaly. Bloffom 
of four petals. Chives inferted into the 
limb of the bloffom. Capfule with two 
valves, two feeds, and a moveable partition 
betwen them. Seeds winged. 

See Banksia serrata, PI. LXXXII. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Bankfia foliis linearibus, margine revolutis, 
truncato-emarginatis, fupra glabris. 



Bankfia with linear leaves, rolled back at the 
edge, appearing cut off at the ends, which 
are notched and fmooth on the upper fide. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A Bloffom complete. 

2. The fame fpread open. 

3. The Petals of a flower, with their chives magnified. 

4. The Pointal natural fize, with the Summit detached, magnified. 

5. The rudiments of a cone, cleared from the flowers. 



The feeds of this fpecies of Bankfia were amongft the firft which arrived from New Holland, and 
plants were raifed at the nurfery, Hammerfmith, in the fame year as the B. ferrata. To the direc- 
tions in the management and increafe of which plant, we refer our readers for the treatment of this, 
as it requires no other. It grows to the height of five, or fix feet, very bufhy from the bottom, and 
the leaves, which are harfh and numerous, are not very fubjedi to decay. Although it has flowered 
in many collections, where we have feen it, we have had no opportunity of making an accurate draw- 
ing until laft month, March 1801, from a fine plant in the collection of G. Hibbcrt Efq. Clapham. 



PLATE CLVII. 

CORDIA SEBESTENA. 

Rough-leaved Cordia. 

CLASS V. ORDER I. 

PENTJNDRU MONOGYNIA. Five Chives. One Pointal. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, tubulatum, 
apice denlatum, perfiftens. 

Corolla monopetala, infundibuliformis, tu- 
bus patulus, longitudine calycis; limbus 
ere&o-patens, fecfus in quinque (quatuor 
vel lex), lacinias obtufas. 

Stamina. Filaments quinque, fubulata. An- 
therac oblnnga:, longitudine tubi. 

Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum, acumina- 
tum. Stylus (implex, longitudine ftami- 
num, fuperne bifidus, laciniis bifidis. Stig- 
mata obtufa. 

Pericarpium. Drupa globofa, acuminata, ca- 
lyce accreta. 

Semen. Nux lulcata, quadrilocularis. 



Empalement. Cup one leaf, tubular, toothed 
at the upper part, remaining. 

Blossom one petal, lunnel-lhaped; tube widen- 
ing, the length of the cup; border upright 
and fpreading, cut into five (four or fix) 
obtufe fegments. 

Chives. Five threads, awl-fhaped. Tips ob- 
i long, the length of the tube. 

Pointal. Seed-bud roundifh, tapered. Shaft 
fimple, the length of the chives, two-cleft 
at the upper part, fegments two - cleft. 
Summits blunt. 

Seed-vessel, pulpy, globular, tapered, growing 
to the cup. 

Seed. A furrowed, four-celled nut. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Cordia foliis oblongo-ovatis, fcabris; fioribus 
miniatis, crifpis, hexandris. 



Cordia with oblong egg-(haped rough leaves; 
flowers deep orange colour, crumpled, and 
with fix chives. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. A Bloffom fpread open, with the Chives in their place. 
6. The Pointal and Seed-bud. 



As it fhould feem a determined principle in the in fcru table arrangement of nature's productions, to 
the greater humiliation of our very limited understandings; that no effort as emanating folely from 
thence, mail be perfect; lb mult we be content to purine our Botanical travel, under the guidance 
of a fyftera decidedly defective; yet certainly, the belt we have to boaft. Scarce a genus, compre- 
hending a number ot fpecies, but mull be (trained in its clafs or order, for the introduction of one, or 
more fpecies, evidently of the fame family. So convinced was our great matter of the fcience, of the 
Unpoffibility of forming inch certain data, that to prevent the contufion and difficulty, which muff 
have aril'en, from fuch an accumulation of Genera, if every fexual character was attended to, that, 
where certain other characters (called by him cticiitial, and adopted as a fubftitute for fuch occalional 
hiatus) are formed, the plant is retained under the Genus lb chara&erifed. This difquifitinn is the 
natural refult of our examination of the prefent plant, which, although the chives are lix, is placed 
in the fifth cla-s ! 

The Rough-leaved Cordia is a native of the Weft India Illands, and was cultivated, fays Martyn's 
Dictionary, from Dillcnius, in the year J /28, by Dr. Sherard. It is a tender hot-houle plant, may be 
increafed by cuttings made about the month of April, if kept from too much moillure, in a pot of 
fandy loam, under a fmall linking glafs in the bark-bed. At prefent it is rather a fcarce plant in our 
collections, and as it is rather difficult to propagate, is likely to continue lb, at leaft for fome years. 
From an imported plant, received by Melfrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith, from the ifland of Car- 
bad ies, our figure was taken in the year 1J8C), about the month of July. It is grown to the greateft 
perfection by keeping it in a mixture of rotten dung and loam. 



//v. 







I 



PLATE CLVIII. 



GERANIUM ECHINATUM. Va ^Z! ro ' 

Prickly -Jialked Geranium. Red-purpiejUweredVar. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. "f Snppi. s y st. 

Veg. 178I. 

MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogyna. Stigmata 5. Fru£tus roftratus, 
penta-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five Summits. Fruit furnifhed 

with long awns, five dry berries. 
See Geranium Grandiflorum. PI. XI I. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis fericeis, cordatis, inequaliter 
dentatis; caule fpinofo, fubcarnofo, fpinis 
retrofradis ; floribus hexandris, rubro-pur- 
pureis; calyeibus pilofis. 



Geranium with filky heart-fhaped leaves, une- 
qually toothed; flera fpiny, rather fleihy, 
fpines turned downwards; flowers with fix 
fertile tips and red-purple; cups hairy. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. An upper Petal of the Bloflbm. 

3. An under Petal of the Bloflbm. 

4. The Chives and Pointal. 

5. The Chives fpread open. 

6. The Pointal, magnified. 



This fine variety of the Prickly-flalked Geranium, was introduced, at the fame time with the white 
variety, by Mr. Francis Maflbn, to the Royal Gardens, Kew, in the year 1795. It is a tender plant, 
and requires the heat of the hot-houfe, through the winter months to preferve it, being a native of 
that part of Africa near the Namaqua land, which is in molt parts a barren, arid fand, extremely- 
hot and parched, experiencing little change through the whole year. The propagation is either pro- 
duced by cuttings, or from the roots, which are tuberous, in moft inftances, if the plant is kept in 
light fandy peat earth. The drawing was made, in March this year, at the Nurfery of Mr. J. Colville, 
King's Road, Chelfea. 



//v 




( /i • v, f ////■/ /// <-<■/// //i i A/ /// 



PLATE CLIX. 



I X I A CAPITATA. %££* 
Bunch flowering Ixia. yil u^fJZ ered ' 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 



TRIJNDR1A MONOGYNU. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6peta!a, patens, aequalis. Stigmata 
tria, ere&iufculo-patula. 



Blossom fix petals, fpreading, equal. Summits 
three, nearly upright, fpreading. 
See Ixia reilexa, Vol. I. Plate XIV. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ixia, foliis enfiformibus; floribus capitatis, con- 
fertis, albidis, petalis bafi nigriffime no- 
tatis. 



Ixia, with fword-ihaped leaves; flowers grow in 
clofe bunches, wbitiih, the petals verv dark, 
marked at the bafe. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two fheaths of the Empalement. 

2. A Bloffom fpread open, with the Chives remaining. 

3. The Seed-bud and Pointal, one Summit detached, magnified. 



As no difference, either in culture or increafe, is neceflary for this plant, more than is required for 
the other varieties of this fpecies of Ixia; we fhall refer our readers to the. directions for the treatment 
of them, for the management of this. Our figure is from a drawing taken at the Hammerfmith nur- 
fery in the year 1/99, about the month of May. It is one of thofe introduced to the Royal Gardens 
at Kew by Mr. F. Marlon about the year 17/4, although loll to us for fome years, but fince received 
from the collections in Holland. 



s. 




! 



PLATE CLX. 

ARISTEA MAJOR. 

Spike -flowered Ariflea. 

CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA MONOGYN1A. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Petala (5. Stigma concavum. Capfula tri- 
loba, triloculare, loculis comprefhs. Semina 
in fingulo loculo bina, comprelfa truncata. 



Petals 6. Summit concave. Capfule three- 
lobed, three celled; cells flattened. Seeds 
two in each cell, flattened and appearing 
cut off at the tnd. 

See Aristea Cyanea, PI. X. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Ariftea foliis enfiformibus longiffimis; floribus Ariftea with very long leaves; flowers grow in 

fpicatis, cceruleis. fpikes, and blue. 

| 

REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two {heaths of the Empalement. 

■1. A Blolfom with the Seed-bud, both cut open and remaining attached, the Shaft removed. 

3. The Pointal natural fize, with the fummit detached magnified. 

4. A ripe feed-vetfel, natural fize. 

5. The fame with the cells laid open to (hew the lituation of the feeds. 



The Genus Ariftea, having certainly been formed from a dried fpecimen of the plant, the alterations 
■we have made in our Generic and Elfential characters, will, upon inl'pedting the difledions, appear 
abfolulely neceifary; as the ihaft is not bent, in either fpecies we have examined, whilft the flower 
is perfeft; but alfumcs that appearance on its decay, as it becomes involved with the petals, which 
twill up in the manner of Morcea, Iris, &c. The Summit likewife, is not funnel-fhaped, but merely 
a little concave, with a border: other fmall variations have been made, in the character of the feed- 
vcflel and feed. In the year 1/9-1, this fine plant was railed by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, from feeds 
received by them from the Cape of Good Hope, where it is native. It is one of the very hardieft 
inhabitants of the gfeenhoufe, and is propagated, eiiher from the feed, which ripens with us; or by 
the offsets made from the root. The plant is perfittent, but does not acquire a ftem ; the leaves 
growing to the length of from two, to three feet, the flower-ftem fometimes to the height of four feet; 
which was nearly that of the plant in the Collection of G. Hibbert, Efq. Clapham, from which our 
drawing was taken in the month of July 1600. It fhould be planted in fandy peat. 



&>/., 



/,-,.,,.,, 




PLATE CLXI. 

HERMANN I A PULVERATA 
Powdered Hermannia. 



CLASS XVI. ORD ER II. 
MONJDELPHIJ VENTANDRIA. Threads united. Five Pointals. 



GENERIC CH 
Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, quinque- 
fidum, fubrotundum, inflatum; lacinulis 
inflexis; perfiftens. 
Corolla pentapetala, fpiralis; ungues longitu- 
dine calycis, utrinque aufti membranula 
connivente in tubum cucullatum nectari- 
ferum; limbus patens, latiufculus, obtufus. 

Stamina. Filamenta quinque, latiufcula, in- 
ferne levilrime in unum corpus coalita. 
Antherae ere<5tae, acuminatae, conniventes. 

Pistillum. Germen fubrotiuidum, pentago- 
num, quinquangulare. Styli quinque, fili- 
formes, approximati, fubulati, ltamiiiibns 
longiores. Stigmata firaplicia. 

Pericarpium. Capfula fubrotnnda, pentagona, 
quinque-locularis, apice dehifcens. 

Semina plurima, parva. 



ARACTER. 

Empalement. Cup one leaf, five-cleft, roundifli 
and fuelled out; fegments turned inward-; 
remaining. 

Blossom, five petals, fpiral ; claws the length 
of the cup, widened on both fides by a fmall 
fkinny fubftance forming a honey-bearing, . 
cow]-fliapedtube;borderfpreading,bru;ulifli', 
blunt 

Chives. Five threads, broadilli, fiightlv joined 
at the bale into one body. Tips upright, 
tapered, and approaching each other. 

Pointal. Seed-bud roundiih, five tided, five- 
angled. Shafts live, thiead-fhaped, clofe 
together, awl ihaped, longer than the Chives. 
Summits limple. 

Seed vessel. Capfula roundifli, five-fided, five- 
celled, fplitting at top. 

Seeds, many, fmall. 



Hermannia foliis bipinnatifidis, fcabriufculis, 
albicantibus; pedunculis bifloris, longif- 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Hermannia with doubly wing-cleft leaves, rather 



funis; corollis fordide luted: 



rough and whitiih 
flowered, very long; 
yellow. 



rlower-liem> 
blolfoms of 



two- 
dirty 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 
1. The Empalement. 

2. A leaf of the Bloflbm, to fhew its incurved character at the bale. 

3. The Chives, magnified, with the pointals remaining, to fhew their length with regard 

to the Chives. 

4. The Seed-bud, Shafts, Summits, magnified. 



^~ 



This plant appears to ftand an intermediate chara£ter, between Mahernia and Hermannia : the general 
habit afHnes molt to the former, and indeed, the fhape of the threads, on which the ellential gene- 
rical diltinftion refts, approaches very near to thole in Mahernia; for, although they have not abfo- 
lutely foot lialks, they are much larger, above the middle, than is ulual in Hermannia, as may be 
feen on the plate; where thefe parts are fliewn, magnified. It has likewife that fi.ngularly curious 
character, feen in Mahernia, of the two blolfoms which terminate the flower-fiems, each taking a 
contrary direction, in its fpiral twift, to the other. As a greenhoufe plant, it is rather tender in regard 
to damp, though not to cold; therefore, fliould be kept in the molt airy part of the houfe. It is a 
native of the Cape, from whence it was introduced in the year 1796, to the Royal Gardens, Kew. 
By cuttings made in the month of April, it may be preferved, and increased, as it is not a long-lived 
plant. Loam, with a fmall portion of old rotten dung, it thrives in moft. Our drawing was taken, 
at the Nurfery, Hammerfmith, in June 1 800. 



///,. 



) 





't r ////./ // ///./ ////// ■, n//il 



PLATE CLXII. 

VERBASCUM FERRUGINEUM. 

Rufly -flowered Mullein. 



CLASS V. ORDER I. 
PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Five Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, quinque- 
partitnm, parvum, perlittens; laciniis erec- 
tis, acutis. 

Corolla monopetala, rotata, fub-inaequalisj 
tubus cylindraceus, breviffimus; limbus pa- 
tens, quinque-partitus; laciniis ovatis, ob- 
tufis. 

Stamina. Filamenta quinque, fubulata, co- 
rolla breviora. Anthene fubrotundoe, com- 
preflae, ereftae. 

Pistillcm. Germen fubrotundum. Stylus fi- 
liformis, loiigitudine ftaminura, inclinatus. 
Stigma crallhifculum, obtufum. 

Pericahpium. Capfula fubrotunda, bilocula- 
jis, bivalvis, (uperne debifcens. Recepta- 
cula dimidiato-ovata, dillepimento affixa. 

Semi n a numerofa, angulata. 

Obs. In plerifque Itamina inclinata funt, 
villifque coloratis interne veltita. 



Empalement. Cup of one leaf, with five divi- 
fions. fmall, remaining; fegments upright, 
fharp pointed. 

Blossom one petal, wheel-lhaped, rather un- 
equal; tube cylindrical, very ihort; border 
fpreadiug, five divifions; fegments egg- 
fhaped, blunt. 

Chives. Threads five, awl fhaped, fliorter than 
the blollbm. Tips roundilh, flattened, up- 
right. 

Pointal. Seed-bud roundilh. Shaft thread- 
fhaped, the length of the chives, bent 
downward. Summit rather thick and blunt. 

Seed-vf.ssel. Capfule roundilh, with two cells, 
two valves, fplitting at the top. Recepta- 
cles the form of halt an egg, fixed to the 
parti tioD. 

Seeds numerous, angular. 

Ohs, In the greateft number of fpecies the 
clmes are beni dow award, and cloihed with 
soft, coloured hairs on the lower part. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Verbafcum foliis fubvillofis, rngolis; caulinis 
fubfellilibus, aequaliter crenatis, radicali- 
bus oblongis, cordatis, duplicato crcnatis. 



Mullein with leaves a little hairy and rough: 
flem leaves almoft without foot ftalks, 
equally fcolloped; leaves from the riot ob- 
long, heart-lhaped, and doubly fcolloped. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Leaf of the plant, from the lower part. 

2. The Empalement. 

3. A Bloliom, (hewn from the front. 

4. The fame cut open from the fide, to {hew the infertion of the chive 

5. One Chive magnified, 

6. The Pointal and Seed-bud, magnified. 



The rufty -flowered Mullein of the Kew Catalogue, collated from Sutherland's Hortus Medicos Edin- 
burgheniis, is undoubtedly our plant ; but, though it ftands a name in the book, we much quefiion 
its having graced the garden, at the time of its publication. It certainly has been loll to us above a 
century and but recently iniroduced to the Oxford Botanic Garden by the late Dr. Sibthorpe. Being 
a hardy biennial, it will perfect its feeds about July, which may be (own in Augult the fame rear. 
It «'ill grow in any foil, but a fandy compoli of light peat and loam fuits it molt. The flowers on 
the fpikes, which grow fometimes to the length of four feet, continue to expand, upwards, for above 
two months; that is to fay, from April, till June. Our figure was taken from a fpecimen lent by 
the Hon. W. H. Irby, from his garden at the Paribnage, Famhani Royal, Bucks. 



yy. 




. 



PLATE CLXTII. 

AMARYLLIS FOTHERGILLIA. 

Fothergillian Lily Daffodil. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6-petala, campauulata. Stigma tri- 
fidum. 



Blossom 6-petalled, bell fhaped. Summit three- 
cleft. 
See Amaryllis radiata, PI. XCV. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Amaryllis fpatha multiflora; petalis lanceolatis, ; Lily Daffodil with many flowers in the fheath; 
apice revolutis; genetalibus erectis; foliis I petals lance-ihaped, rolled back at the point; 

linearibus, lub-canaliculalis, obtufis, glau- parts of fructification upright; leaves linear, 

cis. rather channelled, obtule, and of a fea-green 

colour. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Petal, with its Chive attached. 

2. The Seed bud, and Pointal. 

3. A ripe Seed-veffel, with the Seeds. 



Even amidft this fplendid family, Amaryllis Fothergillia ftands conlpicuoufly preeminent; the flowers 
h ive the fame vivid character of refulgence, when expofed to the tun's rays, which is perceived in 
A. Sarnienfis, or the Guernfey Lily, to which it is nigh affintd. The late Dr. Fothergill (to whom 
the botanical world is fo much indebted, for the zeal and extraordinary liberality he conftantly mani- 
fested, in advancing the fcience) received this plant from China at the fame time with A. aurea, 
A. radiata, &c. about the year \"J" . It is rather a fcarce and tender bulb, as it is fubjecl to rot by 
overmuch wet. It has hitherto been kept, as are moll plants on their ririt arrival from China, in the 
hot-houfe; but, from every appearance, we ihould be led to fuppofe, it would not perilh if kept in 
the Green- houfe, as we queftion much, whether it is not equally hardy with the Guernfey Lily, and a 
native, originally, as well as the latter, of Japan. 

It lhould be planted in fandy 4oam, with a fmall quantity of rough peat, above the tiles in the pot, 
to make it flower. The propagation is from offsets, which are produced but rarely from the old 
bulbs. Our figure was taken from a plant in the Hammerfmith nurfery this year, 1801, in the month 
of May. 



t )>/,*■, 




■-//lift ,■ /////., ./ //,,-,,,,,//// 



PLATE CLXIV. 



GALAXIA GRANDIFLORA. 



Large-Jlowered Galaxia. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER I. 
MONADELPHIA TR1ANDRIA. Threads united. Three Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Spatha univnlvis. Corolla monopetala, 6 fida, 
tubus nliformis. Stigma multipartita. 



Sheath of one valve. Bloffom one petal, 6-cleft, 
tube thread-fhaped. Summit many divi- 
fions. 
See Gai-axia ovata, PI. XCIV. Vol.11. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Galaxia foliis canaliculars, acuminatis, arcuatis; 
corolla magna, lutea, folia aequantia. 



Galaxia with channelled leaves, tapered to the 
point, and arched; bloffom large, yellow, 
and the length of the leaves. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The (heath of the bloffom. 

2. A Bloffom ipread open, with the Chives attached. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit, the furamit detached, magnified. 



The figure of this delicate little bulb was taken from a plant in the Hibbertian Collection, which had 
been imported in the laft, and flowered in February this year 1801. It is a tender plant, and the 
roots are veiy fubjed to decay after flowering, for which reafon, they (hould be removed from the pot 
before the leaves are quite decayed. Mr. Allen informs us he has kept it, in the greenhoufe, with 
the other Cape bulbs, planted in light fandy peat earth. 




' />//,l./lil .11,1 II 



. 



PLATE CLXV. 

E C 11 1 U M GLAUCOPHYLLUM. 
Sea-green-leaved Viper s-Buglofs. 

CLASS V. ORDER I. 
PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Five Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla irregularis, fauce nuda. I Blossom irregular, mouth naked. 

" See Echium geandulohum, PI. XX. Vol.1. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Echium caule frutioofo; ramis calycibufque gla- 
bris; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, glaucis, gla- 
bris, margine ferrulatis; corollis fubaequa- 
libus. 



Viper's-Buglofs with a flirubby ftem; branches 
very fmooth; leaves between egg and lance- 
fhaped, of a fea-green colour, fmooth, and 
(lightly fawed at the margin; blofibms 
nearly equal. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. A Blotlbm cut open, to fhew the infertion of the chives. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit, magnified. 



This (brubby fpecies of Echium was introduced, to the Royal Gardens at Kew, by Mr. F. MafTon, in 
the year 1792, from the Cape of Good Hope. It grows to the height of three feet, or more, rather 
bufhy at the top, flowers about the month of May, and perfects its feeds with us; by which only 
method, it is to be propagated. It thrives beft in a light loamy foil, with a fmall proportion of fandy 
peat, about one fourth. 

Profellbr Martyn, in his Miller's Die. has collated two defcriptions of Echiums under the titles of 
loevigatum, and glabrum; the firft, No. Q, from Lin. Sp. Plant. 199; the fecond, No. 19, from Vahl. 
Symb. 3. 22. Thunberg has likewife, in his Prodromus, 33. two names of plants, as E. laevigatum, 
and E. glabrum; from whom Willdenow, in his new Edition of Sp. Plant, p. 785, has copied them 
under the same titles; adding, the various fynonims, from Linnaus's Sp. Plant, to the one; and to 
the latter, Prof. Jacqcin's lpecific of glaucophyllum, taken from his Ic. rar. 2. t. 312, and his Collect. 
2. p. 325. Now, we have little hesitation in declaring our opinion, and we think, thofe who choofe 
to compare our figure with the different defcriptions here mentioned, will coincide with us, that this 
is the plant from which they mult all have originated, except the E. glabrum of Vahl, which we take 
to be a different plant; as, the cup is defcribed hair)', the length of the tube of the bloffom ; the chives 
longer, and the flower fmaller. Wherefore, we have taken, for our plant, the fpecihe title of Jacquin, 
as being, in our idea, the moft appropriate. 



^ . 



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PLATE CLXVL 

GLADIOLUS ABREVIATUS. 

Shoi'tened-petalled Gladiolus. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 



TRIJNDRIA MONOGYNU. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



Corolla lexpartita, ringens. Stamina adfcen 
dentia. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Blossom fi* divifions, gaping. Chives afcend- 
ing. 

See Gladiolus roseus, PI. XI. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gladiolus foliis linearibus, cruciatis, fcapo lon- 
gioribus ; corolla tubulofa, ftriata, ima an- 
guftata, lacinia fumma magna, re&a, ovata, 
reliquae vero parvae, abreviatae. 



Gladiolus with linear leaves, crofs fliaped, longer 
than the flower- fiem; bloflbm tubular, 
ftreaked, and narrowed at the lower part, 
the upper petal is large, grows ftraight out, 
and egg-fliaped, the others are tmall, and 
appear as if fhortened. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The outer fheath of the Empalement. 

2. The inner fheath of the Empalement. 

3. A Bloffom fpread open, with the Chives attached. 

4. The Seed. bud, Shaft, and Summits. 



This moft fingular Gladiolus was received,' among ft a variety of others, in the year 17.09, from the 
Cape of Good Hope, by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith; at whofe nurfery it flowered in 
March, this year 1801, for the firft time. It is a hardy bulb, and propagates freely from the root; 
grows about two feet high, and, before flowering, has much the appearance of G. triftis. 



//y 










PLATE CLXVIT. 

BRUNSFELSIA UNDULATA 

Waved-flowered Brunsfelsia . 



CLAS S XIV. 
DID! r NA MIA A XG IOSPERMIA. 



ORDER II. 
Two Chives longer. 



Seeds covered. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, campann- 

latum, qninquedentatum, obtufum, mini- 

mum, perfiltens. 
Corolla raonopetala, infundibuliformis; tubus 

longilrimus, fubincurvusj limbus planus, 

quinquefidus, obtufus. 
Stamina. Filamenta quatuor, brevilTima. An- 
thers oblongoe, erectae, iilamentis dorfo 

affix*. 
Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum, parviira. 

Stylus filiformis, longitudine tubi. Stigma 

erafliufculum. 
Pericarpium. Capfula extus baccata, globota, 

unilocularis, bivalvis. 
Semina plurima, comprelfa, hinc convexa, inde 

angulata, punctato-fcabra. 
Receptaculum fundo capfulae adnntum, pale- 

aceum; paleis coadunatis, apice fubulatis, 

femina diftinguentibus. 



Empalement. Cup one leaf, bell-fhaped, live- 
toothed, blunt, very fmall, remaining. 

Blossom. One petal, funnel-fhaped ; tube very 
long, rather carved; border flat, five-cleft, 
obtufe. 

Chives. Four threads, very fliort. Tips ob- 
long, upright, fixed by the back to the 
threads. 

Pointal. Seed-bud roundifh, final]. Shaft 
thread-fiiaped, the leugth of the tube. Sum- 
mit rather flelhy. 

Seed-vessel. Capiule on the outfide a berry, 
globular, one cell, two valves. 

Seeds many, flat, convex on one fide, angular 
on the other, roughly punctured. 

Receptacle fixed to the bottom of the capiule, 
chaffy j chad's joining at the bale, awl ihaped 
at the point, feparating the feeds. 






SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 
Brunsfelfia foliis lanceolato-obovatis, utrinque i, Brunsfelfia with leaves between lance and in- 



acuminatis, petiolis brevillimis; tubus pa- 
rum incurvatus, laciniis limbi undulatis. 



verfely egg-fhaped, tapered to both ends, 
footftalks very lhort; tube a little incurved, 
the fegments of the border waved. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Empalement. 

2. The tube of the blollbm cut open, to (hew the inl'ertion and character 

of the Chives. 

3. The Pointal and Seed-bud. 



The Genus Brunsfelfia (by Plumier fo named, in honour of Otho Rrunsfels a monk, the firft who 
edited in 1.530 a Botanical work with good figures, it contained 238 plates) has undergone a very 
necelVary revilion fince the days of Linnaeus; indeed, it appears lingular that Father Plumier, from 
whom Linnaeus quotes his Generic character, fhould have committed fo great an overfight, as to 
defcribe it with five chives; a feature fcarcely to be expe6ted, from a (port of nature, in plants of this 
Clafs. So however it is on record, and the. fifth Oafs of the Gen. and Spt. Plant, and of the Syft. 
Nat. torn. ii. each includes this Genus; from which, we fhould be induced to think he had defigned 
fome other plant; if the figure, and the reft of the description, did not confirm it. Sclireber, in 
his Gen. Plant, has likewife an obfervation, that the fruit fhould be named a capiule. rather than a 
berry; as given by Linnaeus, Miller, and SwartZj his reafon, that it fplits determinately, by a future, 
from the top to the bale. 

Our fpecies, is the third now in Britain ; they are all natives of the \Yeft India Iflands. The 
iff. B. amerieana has been long an inhabitant of our hothoui'es; the 2d B. maculata is but little known 
to moli, though long cultivated here; as it has been treated as a variety of the firft fpecies, notwith- 
standing the flrong fpecific difference, in the fhape of the leaves and bfoffoms; which in the B. 
maculata, are beautifully marked at the bale, and as large as the undulaia; the leaves inverfely egg- 
fhaped and more downy. The prelent plant feldorn grows more than four feet high, flowers freely 
about March, is very fweet fcented, and is eafily propagated by cuttings. It was firft feat to England 
in the year \~H-i, by Mr. Elcock from the lfland of Karbadoes, to Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, Ham- 
merfmith. Our drawing was made from a plant in the Clapham Collection, in March liSOO. ll 
fhould be planted in rich earth. 



PLATE CLXVIII. 

GERANIUM PICTUM. 

Painted- flowered Geranium . 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Monogyna. Stigmata 5 Frudus roftratus, I! One Pointal. Five Summits. Fruit furnifhed 
penta-coccus. vrith long awns, five dry berries. 

SeeGERANtu.M Granditlokum. PI. XII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis cordato-oblongis, obtufis, in- 
equaliter incifis, tomentolis, humi adpref- 
fis; corolla alba, petalis fuperioribus pro- 
fundi fupra medium rubro maculatis; fta- 
aiitiibus feptem fertilibus; radice tuberofa. 



Gerapium with oblong heart- fhaped leaves, 
blunt, unequally gaflied, downy, and ly- 
ing dole to the ground; bloffom white ; 
the upper petals deeply marked with red 
about the middle; feven fertile chives; 
root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Einpalement. 

2. The Chives and Pointal, magnified. 

3. The Chives fpread open, magnified. 

■i. The Seed-bud, Shaft and Summit, magnified. 



No Genus of Plants claims our notice, for its beauty, more than Geranium, and this fpecies, cer- 
tainly, ranks amonglt the foremoft. It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and we believe only to 
be found in the Clapham Collection; where, our figure was taken in April this year, from a plant, 
the bulb or root of which had been received the preceding autumn. It is nearly the only one, 
amonglt twenty two fpecies of the tuberous kind, all having irregular petalled bloffoms and tubular 
cups, of which we poffefs drawings, that has feven fertile chives; the greater number have two, four, 
or five. It appears to flourifh under the treatment given it by Mr. Allen, which is, by keeping it in 
fandv peat, on a fhelf, very dry, in the green-houfe. The propagation appears to be the fame for 
this, as the other tuberous kinds, that is, by the root. 






1 1 V • 




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PLATE CLXIX. 

CRINUM GIGANTEUM. 

Gigantic Jlfphodcl-Lily. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIJ MONOGYMJ. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla fupra, infundibuliformis, fexpartita, 
a-qualis; filamenta tubi fauci inferta; fe- 
mina ad bafin corollarum, vivipara. 



Blossom above, funnel -fhaped, fix-parted, equal; 

threads inferted into the mouth of the tube; 

feeds at the bale of the blolloms, viviparous. 

See Crinum spirale, PI. XCII. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Crinum foliis flaccidis, undulatis ; floribus feffi- 
libus, umbellatis; petalis concavis, fub- 
albidis. 



Afphodel-Lily with flaccid, waved leaves; flow- 
ers fitting clofe to the flower (tern in um- 
bels ; petals concave, nearly white. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A miniature reprefentation of the whole plant. 

2. A Petal with its chive. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit. 



The coaft of Africa bordering on our fettlement at Sierra Leone, has furnifhed us with a number of 
beautiful plants; but none more fo, than thole of the natural order of Lily; witnefs our prefent 
figure, which was taken from a plant in the Hammerfmith collection, in the month of Auguft 1S0O. 
The bulbs of this grand {pedes of Crinum, were received by her Ladyiliip, the Right Honourable the 
Marchionefs of Rockingham, about the year 1/Q2, from SierTa Leone; they may be confidered as hardy 
hothoufe plants, and may be kept in any part of it: will flower, freely, about the month of Auguft, 
the flower-ftems rifing, fometimes, to the height of three feet. A mixture, of leaf mould, or fandy 
peat one half, and light loam the other, is the belt comport to make them flourifh. It is propagated 

from the feed, or offsets. Having made a fmall alteration, in the Effential Character of the Genus; 

and as it is likely we may figure fome other l'pecies of Crinums fhortly; we think it neceflary to add 
a few words, to that point. The molt oltenfible difference, we have been able to trace, in comparing 
above 40 l'pecies of Crinums and Amaryllis's, and on which to reft, with certainty, for generics] dif- 
tindion; can, unqueftionably, be taken only, from the feeds; as thefe in molt fpecies of Pancratium, 
H^emanthus, and all of this Genus, are viviparous or formed like flefliy bulbs, producing plants, like 
onsets taken from the original bulbs. From Pancratium it is diftinft, in being deftitute of the Honey- 
cup; and equally fo from Ha;manthus, which has its ftieath of many leaves, the flowers and chives 
upright, and the chives, twice the length of the bloffoms. 







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PLATE CLXX. 

IXIA BULBOCODIUJM. Vm.fiort speciosissim». 
CrOCUS-leaVCd Ixia. Far. with most leautifii/Jloiccr. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 



TRIANDR1A MONOGYNU. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6-petala, patens, aequalis. Stamina 
tria, erectiufculo-patula. 



Blossom 6-petals, fpreading, equal. Chives 
three, upright, fpreading. 

See Ixia reflexa, PI. XIV. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ixia fcapo unifloro; foliis liuearibus, canalicula- 
rs, fcapo sequantibus ; corolla declinata, 
lubo brevi; ftigmatibus fextuplicibus. 



Ixia with one flower on the ftem; leaves linear, 
and channelled, the length of the flower- 
ftem; bloflbm declined, with a fhort tube- 
fummits fextuple. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two fheaths of the Empalement. 

2. A Bloflbm cut and fpread open, with the Chives, fhewn from 

the infide. 

3. The fame, fliewn from the back or outfide. 

4. The Pointal, with the Summits, magnified. 



This extremely delicate, and beautiful little Ixia, flowered, for the firft time, in March this year, 
1801, in the collection of G. Hibbert, Efq. Clapham Common; the bulbs having been received the 
preceding autumn from the Cape of Good Hope. It appears to be one of thofe plants, which feldom 
furvive the fecond feafon, in this climate; and we much fear, without a frefti fupply, it will be foon 
loft to this country ; as it does not ripen its feeds, and the roots do not feeiu as if inclined to increafe 
by offsets. 



SES5BHP 



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PLATE CLXXI. 

HYPOXIS LINEARIS. 

Linear-leaved Hypoxis. 



CLASS VI. O R D E R I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6-partita, perfiftens, fupera. Capfula 
bafi anguftior. Spatha 2-valvis. 



Blossom 6-parted, remaining, above. Capfule 
narrower at the bafe. Sheath 2 valved. 
See Hypoxis stellata, PI. CI. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Hypoxis foliis linearibus, glabris, canaliculars, 
longiore fcapo unifloro; corolla intus au- 
rea, extus viridis. 



Hypoxis with linear leaves, fmooth, channelled, 
and longer than the flower -ftem, which 
has but one flower; bloflbm orange within, 
green without. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. Chives and Seed-bud. 

2. Pointal and Seed-bud, magnified. 

3. The Seed-bud cut tranfverfely. 



At firft, we had fome doubts whether this plant fliould not be confidered as a variety of Hypoxis ftel- 
lata, to which it undoubtedly afHnes; but, upon due examination, find it a diftindt and new fpecies; 
as well, from the fhape and length of the leaves, as the fhape, character, and colour of the bloflbm, 
and figure of the root. 

Like Hypoxis ftellata it is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and was introduced, from thence, 
by Meflrs. Lee and Kennedy, in the year 1792. For its treatment, &:c. we mult refer our readers to 
the above fpecies, PI. 101. Vol. 2. Our drawing was taken in March 1801 from 3 plant in the Hib- 
bertian Collection, Clapham Common. The flower of this plant, like many of the Ixias, &c. is 
expanded but a few hours each day, and that only, whilft under the influence of a ftrong morning 
fun; as, if the weather is gloomy, it keeps clofe fliut, but does not fpeedily decay, for it will conti- 
nue to open, with equal brilliancy, for eight or ten days. 



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PLATE CLXXII. 

ANEMONE PALMATA. 

Cyclamen-leaved Portugal Anemone. 

CLASS XIII. ORDER VII. 
POLYANDRIA POLYGYXIL. Many Chives. Many Pointals. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx nullus. 

Corolla. Petala duorutn triumve ordinum, 
in lingula l'erie tria, oblongiufcula. 

Stamina. Filamenta nnmerofa, capillaria, co- 
rolla dimidio breviora. Anthers didymoe, 
erect ae. 

Pistilla. Germina numerofa, in capitulum 
collefta. Styli acuminati. Stigmata ob- 
tufa. 

Pericarpium nullum. Receptaculum globo- 
luni, five oblongum, excavato-punciatum. 

Semina plurima, acuminata, llylum retinentia. 



Empalement none. 

Blossom. Petals in two or three rows, three 

in a row, rather oblong. 
Chives. Threads numerous, hair-like, halt the 

length of the blolibm. Tips doubled, erecL 

Pointals. Seed-buds numerous, collected into 
a final] head. Shafts tapered. Summits 
blunt. 

Seed-vessel none. Receptacle globular or ob- 
long, hollowed and dotted. 

Seeds many, tapered, retaining the fhaft. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Anemone foliis reniforinibns, fub-lobatis, cre- 
natis; involucro multifido; petalis exteri- 
oribus villous, majoribus. 



Anemone with kidney-fhaped leaves, a little 
lobed, fcolloped; fence many-cleft; the 
outer petals hairy and larger. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. An outer Petal of the BlolTbm, fhewn from the inlide. 

2. The Chives, as they ftand on the receptacle. 

3. The fmall Head, as formed by the pointals. 

4. A Seed-bud and its appendages, a little magnified. 



This fpecies of Anemone, is a native of Portugal, having been brought from thence about the year 1"88, 
and firft cultivated at the Hammtrfmith Nurfery ; the Ipecific title of Lufitanica obtained for a time, 
but little doubt refts now of its being the A. palmata of Linnaeus's Sp. PI. p. 758, and of Vahl, Desfon- 
taines, &c. How the plant could firft acquire the name of palmata, is certainly a myftery; unlets it 
might be, from the appearance of the fence, whicli neverthelefs but ill accords with that character. 
Bauhin's affiliation, as Cyclamen-leaved, is certainly the moft appropriate, as the leaves both in fhape, 
and the colour of the upper and under part, are exaft with C. coum. It is rather too delicate for our 
winters, if expoled in the open borders; but, makes a pretty appearance, in fpring, if kept in a pot, 
in light, rich earth. Like moft Anemonies, it propagates beft by dividing the roots, which are lone 
and cylindrical ; but, care mult be taken not to water the pots, for fome time after planting, as they 
•jre apt to rot, where they are broken. 



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I 



PLATE CLXXIII. 

GERANIUM R O S E U M. 

Rofv Geranium. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 

MONADELPHIA DECANDR1A. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. Frudtus rof- 
tratus, penta-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five Summits. Fruit furniilied 

with long awns, live dry berries. 
See Geranium Gkandiilokum. PI. XII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis incifo-lobatis, tomentofis, lobis 
crenatis, obtufis; pedunculis multifloris; 
floribus ere&is, confertis, rofeis, pentan- 
dris; calycibus monophyllis; radice tube- 
rofa. 



Geranium with deeply-gafhed, lobed, downy 
leaves, the lobes Icollopcd and blunt; flower- 
stems many flowered; the flowers erect, 
crowded, rofe-coloured and with five tips; 
cups one-leaved; root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement, with its hollow tube cut open. 

2. The Chives cut open. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits. 



About the year 1794, this fpecies of Geranium was firft introduced to the Royal Gardens, Kew, by 
Mr. Francis Maflbn, from the Cape of Good Hope. Of all the tuberous kind, this is, certainly, the 
moft fpecious yet in England ; it flowers generally about March, in which month, our drawing was 
made, from a fpecimen in the nurfery of Mr. J. Colville, King's Road, Chelfea. Mr. Colville informs 
us, that the propagation is very difficult, and only to be performed by the root; as the plant does not 
produce any branches, and that the feeds do not ripen; he keeps it in a mixture of rotten leaves, and 
fandy peat, in which, it has every appearance of luxuriant health. 



■ ' ' 27a 




'//////// /r. /////// 



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PLATE CLXXIV. 



ANTHOLYZA TUBULOSA. *,* 

Tllbldar AntJiolyZa. Striped flowered Va 



ore varxeeato. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TR1ANDR1A MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla tubulofa, irregularis, recurvata. Cap- 
fula tnfera. 



Blossom tubular, irregular, and bent backward. 
Capfule beneath. 
See Antholyza ringens, PI. XXXII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Antholyza floribus tubulofis, fubcylindraceis ; 
fcapo difticho, foliis lanceolato-enfiformi- 
bus, breviore. 



Antholyza with tubular, nearly cylindrical flow- 
ers; flower-ftcm with the bloffoms pointing 
two oppofite ways, leaves between lance 
and fword fhaped, fhorter. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Bloffom of a variety, differing in the palenefs, and fize of the flowers, and 

without variegation. 

2. The Empalement. 

3. A flower cut open, with the Chives attached. 

4. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits, one Summit magnified. 



This fine fpecies of Antholyza was received by Meflrs. Grimwood and Wykts, Kenfington, from the 
Cape of Good Hope, in the year 1/Q6; they polTefs three varieties, and we fhould have been happy 
to have given a bloffom of the third, but, it was out of flower before our drawing was taken, which 
was, in the end of June, this year. It is a hardy bulb, and increafes freely, either by the feed, or 
from the root, and fhould be planted in fandy peat, with a fmall mixture of loam. 




5%, 



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^ 



PLATE CLXXV. 

MELALEUCA ERIC^FOLI A. 

Heath-leaved Melaleuca. 



CLASS XVIII. ORDER IV. 
POLYADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. Threads in many fets. ManyChivcs. 



GENERIC 
Calyx. Perianthium turbinatum, germini adna- 

tum, quinquefidum feu quinquedentatum. 
Corolla. Petala quinque, rotundata, calycis 

margini interiori inferta. 
Stamina. Filamenta numerola, filiformia, in 

fafciculos quinque connata. Antherae in- 

cumbentes. 
Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, fundo calycis 

adnatum. Stylus filiformis, erecxus. Stigma 

fimplex. 
Pericarpium. Capfula fubglobofa, calycis ven- 
tre corticata, fummitate nuda, trilocularis, 

dilfepimentis contrariis. 
Semina plurtma, oblonga, feu rotundato-angu- 

lata, feu alata. 

SPECIFIC 
Melaleuca foliis fparfis oppofitifve, linearibus, 

enerviis, fubrecurvis, muticis ; floribus fef- 

(ilibus, apicem verfus ramulorum confertis, 

fpicatis. 



CHARACTER. 

Empalement. Cup turban-lbaped, growing to 
the feed-bud, five-cleft or five-toothed. 

Blossom. Five petals rounded, inferted into 
the inner margin of the cup. 

Chives. Threads numerous, thread-fhaped, 
united in five bundles. Tips incumbent. 

Pointal. Seed-bud turban-fhaped, growing 
to the bottom of the cup. Shaft thread- 
fliaped, erecL Summit fimple. 

Seed-vessel. Caplule nearly globular, coated 
by the belly of the cup, the upper part 
naked, three-celled, partitions contrary. 

Seeds many, oblong, or rounded with angles, or 
winsred. 



CHARACTER. 

Melaleuca with (battered or oppofite leaves, li- 
near, without nerves, a little turned back 
and beardlefs ; flowers grow dole to the 
Item, crowded together near the end of the 
fmaller branches in fpikes. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 
J. A Prop, one which is to be found at the bale of each flower. 

2. A Blollbm, natural fize. 

3. The fame magnified. 

4. One of the five bundles of Chives, with its Petal, to which it is attached at the 

bale, magnified. 

5. The Cup, Seed-bud, Shaft and Summit, natural fize, the fummit detached and 

magnified. 



The plants from New Holland, of the natural order of Myrti ; comprized under the different Genera 
of Metrofideros, Eucalyptus, Leptofpermum, Mvrtus, and this prefent one of Melaleuca; leer», from 
what we yet know, to conliitute a very diflinguilhed part, of the vvoodv vegetable productions of that 
country : wherefore, we can have little hopes of feeing many of them flower with us, at lead, lor 
many years to come. The M. ericaefolia was amongft the firli plants railed in 1"H8, by Meffrs. Lee 
and Kennedy, Hammerfmith, from feeds; but, till this year, we believe it has not been feeil to flower, 
in any collection in Great Britain ; nor perhaps would it, as vet, had not a large and old plant, been 
planted out in the novel and elegant confervatory of the Right Hon. the Marquis of Blandford at 
White Knights, near Reading, Berks, from a branch of which, obligingly communicated by his Lord- 
Ihip, our drawing was taken, the beginning of July, this year. 

The Plant grows to the height of lix or feven leet, upright, very branching, the branches weep- 
ing, and the flowers, which grow in fpikes or branches of about fix inches in length, project, ftraight 
out, from about the middle of the Item. 

Jt grows belt in a mixture of two thirds fandv peat, and one third loam; may be propagated by 
cuttings made, from the tender fhoots, in the month of March, and kept under a glafs, in the tan bed 
of the hothoufe, or in a melon frame until rooted. 

Ibis fpecies of Melaleuca and the Metrolideios Nodofa of Gaertner, lit Vol. de fruft. p. 1 "2, t. 34, 
f. 6, we mult conlider as the fame, though made by Dr. Smith, fee Linn. Trail I". Vol. III. p. 2/t>, 
diflinct fpecies ; perhaps from fpecimens gathered at different times, differently dried, or from difler- 
rnt parts of the country. 




I 



PLATE CLXXVt. 

CHAT /EVA CAPPAROIDES. 
Caper-like Crateeva. 

CLASS XL ORDER I. 
DODECANDRIA MONOGVNIA. Twelve Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. Search. Gen. Plant. Vol. I. p. 320. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, quadrifi- 
dum, deciduum, ball planum; lacmiis pa- 
tentibus, ovatis, inaequalibus. 

Corolla. Petala quatuor, oblonga, v.nguibus 
tenuibus, longitudine calycis, divifuris in- 
ferta. 

Stamina. Filamenta fedecim vel plura, fetacea, 
corolla breviora. Antherae erectae, oblonga;. 

Pistillum. Germen, pedicello filiformi, lon- 
giflimo, ovatum. Stylus nullus. Stigma 
felllle, capitatum. 

Pericarpium. Bacca? carnofa, globofa, maxi- 
ma, pedicellata, unilocularis, bivalvis. 

Semina plura, fubrotunda, emarginata, nidu- 
lantia. 

SPECIFIC 
Crataeva foliolis elipticis, glabris; floribus urn- 
bellatis, terminalibus, luteo-viridibus, petalis 
longifiimis, apicibus crilpis. 



Empalembnt. Cup one leaf, four-cleft, filling 
off, ilat at the bafe; fegments fpreading, 

egg-fhaped, unequal. 
Blossom. Four petals, oblong, claws flender, 

the length of the cup and infer ted into the 

di virions. 
Chives. Threads fifteen or more, like briftles, 

fhorter than the bloffom. Tips ereft, oblong. 
Pointal. Seed-bud on a thnadfhaped and 

very long foot-lialk, egg-fhaped. Shaft none. 

Summit fitting on the feed-bud, beaded. 
Seed-vessel. A Berry? flefliy, globular, large, 

with a foot-ftalk, one-celled, two-valved. 
Sleds many, roundifh, notched at the end, dif- 

perfed in pulp. 

ARACTER. 

Crataeva with eliptical, fmooth leaflets; flowers 
grow in umbels, terminal and yellow green; 
pelals very long, crifped at the ends. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. Shews the Pointal, part of the Chives, and three Petals of the bloffom ; a few of the Chives, one of 

the Petals, and the leaves of the Empalement, being removed, the better to exhibit the ftructure 
of the bloffom. 

2. The Pointal, complete. 



To Mr. Eldred Elfzelius, a native of Sweden, we are indebted for this fpecies of Crataeva; by whom 
it was brought to Great Britain, on his return from Sierra Leone, in the year 1795. As a native of that 
burning clime, it will not endure our winters, without the protection of the hothonfe; to which, as a 
climber, it is a considerable ornament, both in foliage, and flower; the flowers coming, in fncceflion, 
from June, till Augult; perhaps, much later, as we believe, this is the firft time its bloffoms have 
been produced in England. The propagation is extremely eafy, by cuttings; but, to give the plant 
fufficient vigour for flowering, it mult be planted in a border, prepared of old rotten dung, fandy 
peat, and loam, of each, equal parts; feparated from the tan-bed by a partition of boards, fufriciently 
ltrong to fupport the earth, upon the removal of the tan. This method of treating many of the tropi- 
cal climbers, and even the common Caper, though a native of the fouth of Europe, has been found 
neceffary to their production of flowers in this country. Oar figure was taken from a plant, treated in 
the above manner, in the Stepney collection ; from whence, through the kind indulgence of the truly 
urbanic, and indefatigable proprietor, T. Evans, Efq. we are in hopes of gratifying our botanical 
friends, with the figures of a number of plants, new to this country; and of which he is, at prelent, 
the fole poffefibr. 







caftfia rvtdc. 



/////,//;■ 






TLATE CLXXVIT. 

IXIA PUNCTATA. 

Dotted flowered Ixia. 

CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TR I AND R I A MONO G YNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6-partita, patens, sequalis. 
Stigmata 3, ere£tiufculo-patula. 



Blossom 6 divisions, fpreading, equal. 
Summits three, nearly upright, fpreading. 
See Ixia reflexa, PI. XIV. Vol I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ixia foliis linearibus, fcapo vaginantibus; fcapus 
geniculatus, fubtriflorus ; laciniis corolla; 
obovatis, lineato-pun&atis, purpureis. 



Ixia with linear leaves fheathing the Item ; flower- 
item jointed, moltly three flowered; feg- 
ments of the blolVbm inverfely egg-fliaped, 
dotted in lines, and purple. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two valves of the (heath. 

2. A BlolTom cut open, with the Chives attached. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits; a divihon of one of the fummits magnified. 



This curious Ixia was introduced from the Cape of Good Hope, in the year 1800, by G. Hibbert, 
Efq. and is, we believe, in the pofiefhon of no other in this kingdom. It is a tender bulb, flowering 
about April, or May, and appears, either by the bulb, or feed, to be flow of increafe. The bulb, 
from which our figure was taken, was planted in light, fandy peat earth. 



k 



^Y, 



77 



/ir,i ///•/ ur/ii/<i 




PLATE 

FERRARIA 

Mexican 



CLXXVIII. 

PAVONIA. 

Ferraria. 



CLASS XVI. 
MONJDELPHIA TRIANDRIA. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Spathae binae, alternas, carinatae, invo- 
lute, uniflorae. 

Corolla monopetala, fupera, fexpartita; laci- 
niis oblongis, ereclo-patentibus, undulato- 
crifpatis, maculatis; tribus alternis exteri- 
oribus latioribus. 

Stamina. Filament a tria, in tubum cylindra- 
ceum, corolla breviorem, connata, kiperne 
dittincla. Antherae fubovata;, didymae. 

Pistillum. Germen oblongum, triquetrum, 
obtufum, inferum. Stylus filiiormis, Ion- 
gitudine tubi. 

Stigmata tria,- profunde bifida. 

Pericarpium. Capfulaoblonga, triquetra, tri- 
locularis, trivalvis ; diffepimentis contrariis. 

Semina numerofa, fubrotunda, pulpa involuta. 

SPECIFIC 

Ferraria corollisfub campanulatis, fpeciorifiimis; 
laciniis planis, tribus interioribus haftatis, 
neclariferis; foliis plicatis, bail fpathaceis. 



ORDER I. 

Threads united. Three Chives. 

Sckreb. Gen. Plant. V. II. />. 451. 
Sheaths two, alternate, keeled, 



Empalement. 

involute, one-flowered. 

Blossom one petal, above, fix divided; feg- 
ments oblong, upright fprcading, crilp- 
waved and ("potted; the three alternate outer 
ones the broadeli. 

Chives. Threads three, in a cylindrical tube 
fhorter than the blollbm, joined together, 
feparateat the top. Tips nearly egg-fhaped, 
double. 

Pointal. Seed-bud oblong, three-fided, blunt, 
beneath. Shaft thread-ihaped, the length 
of the tube. 

Summits three, deeply two cleft. 

Seed vessel Capfule oblong, three fided, three- 
celled, three-valved ; partitions contrary. 

Seeds many, roundifh, covered with a pulp. 

CHARACTER. 

Ferraria with blofToms nearly bell fliaped and 
very (hewy; fegments plain, the three inner 
ones are halbert-lhaped, and have honey- 
cups, leaves plaited, fheathing at the bale. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two Sheaths of the Empalement. 

2. An outer Petal of the Flower. 

3. An inner Petal of the Flower. 

4. The Chives and Pointal. 

5. The Chives fpread open. 

6. The Pointal complete, one of the fummits magnified. 



**> 



This is, without doubt, the Mexican plant given in the 2nd. Vol. t. 31. f. 1. of Swertius's Florilcgium, 
publifhed in l6t2; by F. Hernandez, in his Nov. Plant. &c. M<-x. Hift. p 276, in 1(518; and ofMutis, 
tinder the title it here bears, in his Flo. Amer. I . t. 15; from whom it has been copied into the Supp). 
Plant, of the younger Linmeus, p. ^07. and continued by Profeflbr Martyn in his Mill. Die. Art. Fer- 
raria 2. This Genus, which was originally formed on ihe Ferraria undulata of the Cape, and placed 
to the clafs Gynandria by Linnaeus, has been lb continued by Martyn, &zc. but upon what grounds, we 
are unable to determine; unlefs themiftake arole from the impracticability of dividing the tube of the 
ihnes, from the lhaft, in a dried fpecimen ; which, in inch tr.inlitory flowers as thole of Ferraria, 
Sifyrinchium, Gahxia. &c. ail of this clafs, feem, in that (late, to form, a perfect unifon. Schreber 
has referred thei'e Genera, in his Ed. of Linn. Gen. Plant, to where they certainly mufl (land, to Mo- 
nadelphia. But, although, we have continued the plant under the title by which it is generally known, 
from an adherence to our original principle ; yet do we think, it equally necefTary to Hate our opinion, 
why we confider its geneiical reference to have been as ill taken up, as the Genus had been ill clafli- 
fied. This plant, as may be feen from our diffeclions, is much nigher affined to Sifyrinchium, as it 
wants every eflential character of Ferraria, fuch as a fheath of one leaf, undulated cril'ped petals, 
hooded and fringed fummits, &c. for we do not confider the length of the tube of the blollum of any 
moment, as it is not conftant. Now, every diftinguifhing feature of Sifyrinchium are here extant, viz. 
a fheath of two leaves, flat or plain petals, fummits neither hooded or fringed ; but our figure will 
belter explain, than words, thefe ttrong marked differences. If indeed we were to give an opinion, it 
certainly would not be in coincidence with Tbunberg, by placing the whole Genus to Morcea; but to 
create a new one from this plant; whole whole ftructure, but efpeeially from the Nectaria or honey- 
cups upnn the margin of the inner petals, ftands eminently ditlinguifhed from all others. 

This moil diftinguiibed plant, was fit ft introduced to this country by Mrs. Hudfon of Manchefler, 
about the year 1797; but is now found in moft collections round the Metropolis. It is increafed by 
the f( ed, which ripens in this climate, and from the root, which makes abundance of offsets. The flow- 
ers expand in rotation, three or four upon each flem at the interval of a lew days; the ilem growing to 
the height ol about two feet. So very rapid is the progrefs of the bloilbm in its decay, from the time 
of its opening, which is generally about ftven o'clock in the morning ; that before twelve, the luftre 
is gone, and it is quite decayed by three, or four. Our drawing was made at theHammerfmith Nnr- 
fery in July; and (till there were a number of flower llems, which had not, as yet, made an appear- 
ance of flowering. It is beft grown in peat earth. 



<$£*. 








PLATE CLXXIX. 

AMARYLLIS RETICULATA. 

Netted-flowered Lily- Daffodil. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6-petala, campanulata. Stigma tri- 
fidum. 



Blossom 6-petalled, bell-fhaped. Summit three- 
cleft. 
See Amaryllis radiata, PL XCV. Vol.11. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Amaryllis fpatha multiflora ; corollis reticulars, 
purpureis; foliis oblongis, reticulatis, bafi 
attenuatis. 



Lily Daffodil, flieath many flowered; bloflbms 
netted and purple; leaves oblong, netted, 
and tapered at the bale. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Petal and its Cliive, attached, as it is in the flower. 

2. The Seed -bud, Shaft, and Summit. 



The Amaryllis reticulata, a native of Brazil, South America, was fir ft cultivated in the year 1/72, at 
the Hammerfmith nurlery ; the bulbs had been received from Portugal by Edward Whittaker Gray, M. D. 
of the Rriiifh Mufeuni ; and were by him communicated to Meffjs. Lee and Kennedy. Our drawing 
was made this fpring, in May, from a plant in the invaluable, and extenfive collection of botboufe 
plants, at Stepney, belonging to T. Evans, Efq. where it flowers annually. 

To enfure the flowering of this plant, it is neceffary to plunge the pot in the heat of the bark-bed 
of the hothoufe; and, during the winter months, to keep the earth rather dry, as the bulbs are very 
fubject to rot, without that precaution. It fhould be planted in a compofition of old rotten dung, or 
leaf mould, and a l'mall proportion of loam. 



-- ■ 



:iv., 



///ui r /////., n-//t//AiAt 




PLATE CLXXX. 

ATRAGENE AUSTRIACA. 

Aujirian Atragene. 

CLASS XIII. ORDER VII. 
POLYANDRIA POLYGYXIA. Many Chives. Many Pointals. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx 4-phyllus. Petala. 12. Semina caudata. 



Empalemknt 4 leave». Petals 12. Seeds with 
tails. 
See Atragene Capensis, PI. IX. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Atragene foliis oppofitis, triternatis; foliolis ru- 
gofis, ferratis; floribus folitariis, tomentofis, 
cernuis; calyce magno, cxruleo, marginato. 



Atragene with oppofite, twice. three-divided 
leaves; leaflets rough and fa wed; flowers 
iolitary, downy, nodding; empalement large, 
blue, and bordered. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Leaf of the empalement. 

2. A Petal of the flower. 

3. A Chive complete. 

4. The Pointals as they (land in the flower. 

5. A ripe feed, with its feathered tail. 



This is, unqueftionably, the Auftrian Atragene of Jacquin's Vind. 249; and, we think, no one who 
has had an opportunity of comparing the A. alpina with this plant, but will determine it a diltin6t 
fpecies. It is a hardy, climbing fhrub; growing frequently, eight or ten feet in a feafofl, and covers 
itfelf pretty abundantly with foliage ; the foot-ftalks of the old leaves becoming cirrhi or tendrils, and 
the wood growing to a contiderable thicknels. The flowers begin to appear about May; and continue 
in fuccellion, till July. It may be propagated by layers; but, the fureft mode is by feed, which 
may be fown as foon as ripe, and which will be perfected from the firft flowers, by Auguft. It grows 
the molt flourifhing in light rich earth ; but will live in the moll common. Our figure was made 
from a plant in the Hammerfmith collection, to which it was firft introduced in the year 1792. 



• ' ( . ISO 




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■ 



fltte ' • 



PLATE CLXXXI. 

VACCINIUM VIRGATUM. 

Green- twigged Whor tie-berry. 

CLASS VIII. ORDER I. 
OCTANDRIJ JIOXOGVXIJ. Eight Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Calyx fuperus. Corolla monopetala. Fila- II Cup fuperior. Blofiom one petal. Threads fixed 
menta receptaculo interta. fiacca quadri- ' into the receptacle. A berry with four cells 

locularis, polyfperma. and many feeds. 

See Vaccinium arctostaphyllos. PI. XXX. Vol.1. 
SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Vaccinium foliis oblongo-ovatis, ferrulatis, de- 
ciduis, ramulis viridibus; floribus, fub-um- 
bellatis, axillaribus; corollis, fub-cylin- 
draceis; calycibus apice reflexis. Stamini- 
bus decern. 



Whortle-berry with oblong egg-maped leaves, 
(lightly fawed, deciduous, the fmall branches 
green; flowers grow rather umbeUed from 
where the leaves are fixed to the Item; blof- 
foms nearly cylindrical ; cups reflexed at 
the upper part. Ten chives. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A flower complete. 

2. The Cup. 

3. The Chives, Pointal, and Seed-bud, the cup cut oft", magnified. 

4. A nearly ripe berry. 



This lpecies of Whortleberry was, according to the Kew Catalogue, introduced by Mr. Young in 
the year 17/0. It is a hardy plant; and, as a native of North America, where it is an under lfirub 
of the woods, fhould be planted in a fhady fituation, in peat earth. It is rarely killed by our frofts ; 
grows about two feet high, and lofes its leaves in winter. Our drawing was made in June, this 
year, at the Nurfery, Hammerfmith, where it is propagated by layers. 



^.n _ 



( J J /,, 




■i /a in 






PLATE CLXXXIT. 

MALVA DIVARICATA. 

Straddling-br cinched Mallow. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER VI. 

MONJDELPHIA POLYANDRIA. Threads united. Many Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx duplex; exterior 3-phyllus. Arilli plu- 
rimi, monofpermi. 



Cup double; outer three -leaved. Seed- coats 
many, one-feeded. 
See Malva reflexa, PI. CXXXV. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Malva foliis lobatis, plicatis, dentatis, fcabridis; 
ramis ramulilque divaricatis, flexuolis. 



Mallow with lobed leaves, plaited, toothed, and 
rough; the large and fmall branches grow 
ftraddling, and zig-zagged. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The double Cup. 

2. A Flower fpread open, with the threads remaining. 

3. The Chives cut open, and magnified. 

4. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits, magnified. 



As a lively, but little, green-houfe plant, this lpecies of Mallow has not many equals; and its pro- 
perty of continuing to flower from June, till December, mull confiderably enhance its value. It is a 
native of the Cape of Good Hope, and was introduced to us, about four years fince. Molt collections 
now poffefs it, from its facility of increafe, may be planted in rich earth, and is increafed by cuttings, 
or feeds, which ripen perfeftly in this country. The drawing was made at the Nurfery, Hammer- 
fmith. 



&>c 




,/flllll,,l/il 



PLATE CLXXXIII. 

GARDENIA TUBIFLORA. 

Tube-flowered Gardenia. 



CLASS V. ORDER I. 

PENTJNDRIA MONOGYNIJ. Five Chives. One Poiatal. 



GENERIC C 
Calyx. Perianthium monophvllum, quinque- 

fidum, fuperum, lac'miis eredlis, perfillen- 

tibus. 
Corolla monopetala, infundibulifcrmis; tubus 

cylindricus, calyce longior; limbus planus, 

quinquepartitus. 
Stamina. Filamenta nulla. Anthers quinque, 

ore tubi infertae, lineares, ftriatae, longitu- 

dine dimidia limbi. 
Pistillum. Germen inferum. Stylus filifor- 

mis lea clavatus. Stigma exfertum, ova- 

tum, obtufura, bilobum, fsepe fulcntum. 
Pericakpium. Bacca ficca, uni bis feu-quadri- 

locularis. 
Semi n a plurima, depreffa, per feries imbricatim 

fibi impofita. 

SPECIFIC 

Gardenia inermis; foliis elipticis, undulatis, rlo- 
ribus ternis; corollae laciniis tortis, lineari- 
bus, reflexis, tubo filiformi, longiflimo. 



HARACTER. 

Empalement. Cup one leaf, rive-cleft, above, 
fegments upright, permanent. 

Blossom one petal, funnel-fhaped; tube cylin- 
drical, longer than the cup; border flat, 
five divilions. 

Chives. Threads none. Tips five, fixed into 
the mouth of the tube, linear, liripcd, hall 
the length of the border. 

Pointal. Seed-bud beneath. Shaft thread- 
fliaped or club-fhaped. Summit (landing 
out, egg-fhaped, obtufe, two-lobed, often 
furrowed. 

Seed-vessel. A dry berry, one, two, or four- 
celled. 

Seeds many, flattened, lying upon one another 
in tiers. 

CHARACTER. 

Gardenia without thorns; with eliptical, undu- 
lated leaves; flowers grow by threes; the 
fegments of the bloffom are twiftcd, linear, 
reflexed, the tube thread lhaped, very long. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Cup and Seed- bud. 

2. A Bloffom cut open, with the Chives remaining at the mouth. 

3. The Shaft and its Summit, the fummit detached and magnified. 



The Tube-flowered Gardenia was introduced to Britain, in the year !~80j, from Sierra Leone, and 
muft, therefore, be treated as a tender hot-houfe plant. It grows, with us, to the lieight of about two 
feet before it flowers; and, from the beauty and fize of the leaves, the regular, eppofite manner in 
which it forms its branches, becomes a very handfome fhrub. The flowers, which are produced in 
July, grow generally three together, at right angles, from the infertion of the leaves, in a bunch, 
which lafts about fix or eight days, having but one flower open and perfect at a time, the decaying 
ones becoming brown. It is propagated, with eafe, by cuttings, made in the month of March, and 
kept under a bell-glafs, in a pot of ftitfifh loam, in the bark-bed of the hot-houfe, or a melon frame. 
The agreeable character, of a delicate fragrance, attendant on the bloffoms of moll fpecies of this ge- 
nus, is eminently powerful in this. Our drawing was made at the Hammerlmith nurfery; where, it 
was firft raifed, from feeds received in a prefent, by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, from the Hon. Sierra 
Leone Company. 



&>/* 




rnut (ta,/tc. 







PLATE CLXXXIV. 

ERGULARIA M I N O 

Smaller Pcrgularia, or Weft-coaft Creeper. 



R. 



CLASS XX. ORDER VI. of Linn. Gen. Plan. 1764. 
GYNJNDRIJ DECJNDR1A. Chives on the Pointal. Ten Chives. 



GENERIC 
Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, quinque- 
fidum, erectum, aculum, perfiflens. 

Corolla monopetala, hypocrateriformis; tubus 
cylindricus, calyce longior; limbus quin- 
quepartitus, planus; laciniis oblongis. 
Nectarium, duplex; exterium quinque- 
fidum, quinqoedentatum, plicato-angula- 
tum, dentibus acutis, incurvis, apice cor- 
niculis nutantibus, approximatis ; interium 
quinquendum,exteriori bafi adnatum.fqua- 
mulae membranaceae, apice denticulate, ob- 
tvifae, fingula involvens (lamina duo, alterna. 

Stamina. Filamenta decern, capillaria. brevia, 
divaricata, perparia adnexa glandulis quin- 
que ftigmati affixis. Anthera; pellucidae, 
luteae, fubrotundse. 

Pistillum. Germina duo oblonga. Stylus 
breviflimus, camolus. Stigma corpulculum 
conicutij, obtufum, carnol'um. 

Pericarpium. Folliculi duo, uniloculares, in- 
trorfum dehifcentrs per longitudinem. 

Semina numerofa, parva, fubrotunda. 

SPECIFIC 
Pergularia fnliis cordatis, acutis, apicibus tor- 
tis; laciniis corolla; ovatis, erectis, luteis. 



CHARACTER. 

Empalement. Cup one leaf, rive-cleft, up- 
right, pointed and remaining. 

Blossom one petal, falver-lhaped; tube cylin- 
drical, longer than the cup ; border rive- 
divided, flat, fegments oblong. 
Honey-cup, double; the outer, five cleft, 
five toothed', plaited into angles, with the 
teeth pointed, incurved, approaching at the 
point by fniall nodding horns; the inner 
five-cleft, growing to the bale of the outer, 
fcales fkinny, toothed at the end, blunt, 
each covering two oppofite chives. 

Chives. Threads ten, hiir-like, fhort, ftrad- 
dling, connected by pairs to five glands 
fixed to the fummit. Tips tranfparent, yel- 
low, roundifh. 

Pointal. Seed -buds two, oblong. Shaft very 
fhort, fleihy. Summit a conical, obtufe, 
flefhy fubltance. 

Seed-vessel. Two follicles, one-valved, fplit- 
ting lengthways from the inlide. 

Seeds numerous, lmall, roundifh. 

CHARACTER. 

Pergularia with heart fhaped leaves, (harp- 
pointed and twined at the ends; the feg- 
ments of the blofl'om are egg-fhaped, up- 
right, and yellow. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. A flower cut open. 

3. The parts of fructification magnified. 

4. Two Scales of tile honey -cup as they are attached together, magnified. 

5. An outer Scale magnified. 

6. An inner Scale magnified. 

7. The Seed-buds, Shaft, Summit, and Chives magnified. 



■«?&» 



That a juft judgment may be formed, upon what grounds we have taken up a fpecific diftin&ion, 
between the only two fpecies we pollefs of this genus; fo diflimilar in our opinion, but, which have 
been confidered as fcarcely to be deemed varieties, by much abler botanifts than ourfelves profefs to 
be; we have given the figures of both in confequence. Much is it to be regretted, that the whole na- 
tural order of plants forming the Apocineae of Jutlieu, fo charactered in themlelves, have not under- 
gone a proper revifion, in clallification, upon the original Linnsan sexual principles; which, we muft 
fuppofe, have been left in the prefent bewildered chaos, from the intricacy, Angularity and minnte- 
nefs of the parts, being fo difficult to develope. From critical and actual obfervations, taken from 
the living plants, we are in hopes of being able to illuftrate, and correct where neceffary, the cha- 
racters of fuch as may come under our review. 

Upon the changing the clafs of this genus, there needs no comment; as moft authors seem to 
allow, though they have not followed the hint, that it is properly Gynandrous; although they have not 
equally agreed as to the Order; fome taking the glands, furrounding the fummit, for the chives, and 
fome, for the fummits themlelves, of a columnar lhaft. Dr. Smith, who has figured our other fpecies, 
has juttly taken, the parts fixed to the five glands, for what they certainly are; as may be eafily traced 
through the whole order of Orchideoe, where the chives are nearly fimilarly placed and fo hooded. 

The Genus is by no means new, in name, having been fo titled by Linnaeus, from the names of 
Pergulans and Pergnlanus of Burman and Rumphius; who derived them from the ufe made of the 
plants by the natives, of the weflern coaft of the peninfula of India; where, they are cultivated to 
form arbors, for the agreeable flavour of their flowers. This fpecies was firlt introduced about the 
year 1/84, by Sir Jofeph Banks, Bart, fome time before the other fpecies; wherefore, we have given 
it the preference. It is propagated by cuttings, and fhould be treated in the fame manner as direfted 
for the Cratreva cappiroides of our lafl Number, to have it flower in perfection. The figures of both 
fpecies were taken, in Augntl, from two plants in the colleftion of J. Vere, Efq. Kenlington Gore; 
where, Mr. Anderfon (to whom we muft beg our fincere acknowledgments for his frequent and ready 
obfervations and atliltance) informs us, they are treated in fuch manner. 






- , 



PLATE CLXXXV. 

PERGULARIA OD O R ATI SSIM A. 

Sweet Pergularia, or Chinefe Creeper. 

CLASS XX. ORDER VI. of Linn. Gen. Plant. l~6i. 
G YNANDRIA DECANDRIA. Chives on the Pointal. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Contorta. Nedlarium duplex, genitalia in- 
volvens; fquamulae eiteriores quinque, cuf 
pidatre; quinque interiores, membranacese, 
lingula l'quamula occultans ftamina duo 
alterna. 

Corolla hypocrateriformis. 



Contort. Honey-cup double, concealing the 
parts of fru&ific.ition; the outer fcales are 
five, and fpear-fhaped; the five inner are 
ikinny, each fcale covering two alternate 
chives. 
Blossom falver-fhaped. 
See Pergularia minor, PI. CLXXXIV. Vol. III. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Pergularia foliis cordatis, fenioribus fubtomen- 
tofisj laciniis corollae margine revolutis, 
tortis, linearibus, rellesis, viridibus. 



Pergularia with heart-fhaped leaves, the older 
ones rather downy; the fegments of the 
bloffom rolled back at the margin, twifted, 
linear, reflexed, and green. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Empalement. 

2. A Bloffom. 

3. The fame, cut open. 

4. The parts of fructification, as they appear when covered by the honey-cups, 

magnified. 

5. The outer fcale of the Honey-cup, magnified. 

6. The inner fcale of the Honey-cup, magnified. 

7. The two Scales, as they are connected together at the bafe. 

8. The Pointal, with the Chives; the Shaft, Summit, and Chives, with the 

bodies connecting the Chives, detached and magnified. 



This fpecies of Pergularia is a native of China, from whence it was received in the year I "89, by 
Lady Hume; in whofe collection at Wormleybury, Herts, it firft flowered in 1 79 1 . It is cultivated 
and increafed in the fame manner as the P. minor, and is equally fragrant. We have little doubt that 
our two fpecies comprife four, of the different authors who have collated from each other; we fhall 
take the laft, Willdenow. The P. glabra and P. Japonica as our P. minor; and the P. purpurea and 
tomentofa as our P. odoratillima. The P. edulis of Thunberg is certainly Cynanchum. 



&>l* 




<1> / 

hi fu met 






PLATE CLXXXVI. 

IXIA SPECIOSA. 

Deep crimfon Ixia. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 

TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla fexpetala, patens, aequalis. Stamina 
tria, erectiufculo-patula. 



Blossom fix petals, fpreading, equal. Chives 
three, upright fpreading. 

See Ixia keflexa, PI. XIV. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ixia foliis linearibus, medio coftatis, gramineis; 
fcapus biflorus, filiformis; corollis fub- 
campanulatis, profunde coccineis. 



Ixia with linear leaves ribbed in the middle and 
graffy ; flower-ftem two-flowered and thread- 
fhaped; bloflbms rather bell-fhaped and of 
a deep crimfon. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. A Flower cut open. 

3. The Pointal, one of the tips magnified. 



Although this fpecies is not Icarce, yet, from the general method of treating it, that is, by giving 
it no more heat than has been found neceffary for the generality of Cape Ixias, few have feen its 
bloflbms, though they poffefs the roots. To enfure their flowering, as foon as the bulbs are well 
rooted, which will be about January, if planted in Oftober; they may be then put into the heat of a 
melon or cucumber frame, or taken into the hothoufe, where they will flower about the latter end of 
May. This Ixia was firft introduced, from Holland, about the year 1778» under the name of Ixia 
Kermofina fpeciofa; and, under that title, is to be found, in moft collections; wherefore, confidering 
it a diftincl: fpecies, having drawings of two varieties, we have continued the fpecific name of fpeciofa. 
Our drawing was made at the Hammerfmith nurfery, in May 1799^ 



n 




PLATE CLXXXVII. 

ECHITES SUBERECTA 

Oval-leaved Echites. 



CLASS V. ORDER I. 
PENTJNDRIA MOISOGYNIA. Five Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC 

Calyx. Perianthium quinquepartitum, acu- 

tum, parvum. 
Corolla monopetala, infundibuliformis ; lim- 
bos quinquefidus, planus, patentiffimus. 

Kectar'ium glandulis quinque, germen cir- 

cumfiantibus. 
Stamina. Filamenta quinque, tenuia, erecfa. 

Antherae rigidas, oblongae, acuminata?, apice 

convergentes. 
Pistilli'm. Germina duo. Stylus filiformis, 

longitudine ftanfinum. Stigma oblongo- 

capitatum, bilobum, glutine antheris ad- 

nexum. 
Pehicarpium. Folliculi duo, longifiimi, uni- 

loculares, univalves. 
SEMiNAplurima,imbricata,coronatapappo longo. 



CHARACTER. 

Empalement. Cup five-parted, pointed, and 

fmall. 
Blossom one-petal, funnel-fliaped ; border five- 
cleft, flat and fpreading very much. 

Honey-cup five glands, ftanding round the 

bud. 
Chives. Five threads, flender, erecl. Tips fliff", 

oblong, tapered, and doling together at 

the top. 
Pointal. Seed-buds two. Shaft thread-fhaped, 

the length of the chives. Summit oblong- 

headed, two-lobed, attached to the tips by 

a glutinous fubftance. 
Seed-vessel. Two follicles, very long, one 

celled, one valvcd. 
Seeds many tiled, crowned with a long feather. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Echites pedunculis racemofis ; foliis ovalibus, 
obtulis, mucronatis; floribus luteis, am- 
pliflimis ; corolla; tubus hirlutus. 



Echites with bunched foot-ftalks ; leaves oval, 
blunt and pointed at the ends; flowers yel- 
low and very large ; the tube of the bloffom 
hairy. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Cup. 

2. A Flower cut open, with the chives remaining, but detached frcm each other. 

3. The Chives and Pointal as they are in the flower, the lower part of the bloflom remaining, 

the upper cut away, magnified. 

4. One of the Chives a little magnified. 

5. The Pointal and Seed-buds, magnified. 



The Lady Dowager De Clifford received this plant from the ifland of St. Vincent's, in the year 179-1; 
and we much queftion, whether it was ever feen in Britain prior to that period; although laid to be 
cultivated in 1 7 () by Millar, in the 7th Edit, of his Dictionary, and from thence, collated into the 
Kew Catalogue, p. 289, Vol. I. It is a climbing plant, if fupported ; but does not grow to any con- 
fidi rable height, if kept in a pot. The beft method of treating this plant, is the fame as that propofed 
foi the Cratseva capp.iroides, PI. 176. Vol. III. The fpecific name Subere&a, of Jacquin and 
Browne, mult undoubtedly have been taken from the plants which grow in the Savannas; where, 
they Icldom acquire above the height of two feet. The whole plant, from which, if any part is cut 
or broken, there iifues a milky fubftance, is confidered by Dr. Browne as poifonous. Our figure was 
taken at M IT s. I.ee and Kennedy's, this year, in Auguft. It is propagated by cuttings, put in about 
the month of May, 



PLATE CLXXXVIII. 

GLADIOLUS CAMPANULATUS. 

Bell flowered Gladiolus. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA M0N0GYNL1. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla fexpartita, ringens. 
Stamina adfeendentia. 



Blossom fix divifions, gaping. 
Chives afcending. 

See PL XI. Vol. I. Gladiolus rosevs. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gladiolus foliis lanceolatis, nervous, glabris; 
fcapo fubtrifloro, foliis longior; corolla fub- 
cainpanulata, palide purpurea, laciniis lub- 
acqualibus; ftigmalibus bifidis. 



Gladiolus with lance fhaped leaves, nerved and 
fmooth; flower-ftem moftly three-flowered, 
longer than the leaves; blollbm rather bell- 
fliaped, of a pale purple, the fegments near- 
ly equal, with the Commits two-cleft. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Sheaths of the Empalement. 

2. A Flower fpread open, with the Chives attached. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits, one Summit detached and magnified. 



The Bell-flowered Gladiolus, was amongft the number of thofe imported from Holland, in the year 
1 79-1, by Mefl'rs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith ; when they partook of that large collection, brought 
to Haarlem by a Frenchman ; who had been long refident at the Cape of Good Hope, where he had 
cultivated moft of the bulbs prior to his bringing them to Europe. Nothing particular is required for 
the management of this, more than the molt common of the Genus, from the Cape, h flowers in May, 
and increafes by the root ; the feeds rarely ripen. 



1 



PLATE CLXXXIX. 

ZINNIA VERTICILLATA. 

Double Zinnia. 



CLASS XIX. ORDER II. 
SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA SUPERFLUA. Tips united. Superfluous Pointals. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Receptaculum paleaceum. Pappus ariftis 2 erec- 
tis. Calyx ovato-cylindricus, imbricatus. 
Flofculi radii 5, perfiftentes, integri. 



Receptacle chaffy. Featlierwith 2upright3wns. 
Empalement cylindrical-egg-fhaped, and 
tiled. Florets of the ray 5, remaining and 
entire. 

See Zinnia violacea. Fl. LV. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Zinnia foliis verticillatis, feflilibus ; floribns 
peduuculatis ; rlolculi radii fa'pe tria feries. 



Zinnia with leaves growing in whorls without 
foot-iialks clofe to the item; flowers with 
foot-ftalks; the florets of the ray often 
three rows. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 



1. An outer female Floret of the ray, the feed attached, a little larger than nature. 

2. An inner hermaphrodite Floret of the diik, with its feed and lkinny duff, magnified. 

3. The Chives, Pointal, and Seed of an hermaphrodite Floret, divefted of its corolla, magnified. 



The Englifli fpecific title to this plant, fhould feem to imply, that the flowers are fuch, as fliould not 
come into our arrangement; but, as the charafter is not conftant in all the flowers, even on the fame 
plant, it cannot be confidered but as a fpecific character in this particular fpecies, though the name has 
its proper force, in contradiftincfion to its congeners, in our language. It is a native of Mexico, South 
America; and was introduced to our gardens about the year 1789, by Mons' Richard, from the Paris 
gardens, at the fame time with the Virgilia; a molt beautiful annual, of the habit of Arttotis, now 
loft in both countries from the difficulty of procuring ripened feeds. It is to be railed in the fame 
manner as the other fpecies, on a gentle hot-bed, in March, and planted out the beginning of May. 
Th" flowers make their appearance about the beginning of Auguft, and continue, in fnccefiion, till they 
are deftroyed by the froft. To be certain of the feed, the heads muft be taken from the plant, whilft 
they appear yet frefh; as the petals are perfiuent, and have not the appearance of entire decay, though 
the iced is nearly ripe; for if the receptacle once begins to rot, (which it is very fubjeft to,) the feeds 
are immediately contaminated and fpoilt. Our figure was taken, this year, at the Hammerlmith Nur- 
tL-ry, where, it was grown firft in this kingdom. 



@L 




//////// vtrtia/uUa 






V 



PLATE CXC. 

GERANIUM ASTRAGAL1FOLIUM. 

Ajiragalus-leaved Geranium . 

CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 

M0NJDELPH1A DECANDRIJ. Threads united. Ten Olives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. 
Fructus roftratus, penta-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five Summits. 

Fkuit furniihed with lor.g awns ; five dry 

berries. 
Sec Geranium Grandiflorum, n. XII. Vol. I. 



SPECIb'IC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis pinnatis, hirfutis, foliolis 
rotundato-ovatis; caiycibus monophyllis; 
petalis undulatis ad bafin tortis; ftaminibus 
quinque fertilibus; radice tuberofa. 



Geranium witb winged, hairy leaves; leaflets 
of a roundiih-oval lhape ; cups one-leaved; 
petals waved, twitted at the bale; five fer- 
tile chives ; root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Empalement. 

2. The Chives and Pointal. 

3. The Chives fpread open and magnified. 

4. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits, magnified. 



Ky the Kew Catalogue we are informed, that this fpecies of Geranium, was introduced to this country, 
in the year 1788, by Mr. F. Maffon. It is, like many of this branch of the extended family of 
Geranium, rather a tender Green-houte plant; and will not flower, in perfection, without the afiift- 
ance of the Hct-houfe. It lofes its foliage after flowering, and remains in a ftate of inaction for at 
lea ft three months; during which period, it ihould be watered but feldom, and that fparingly. To 
propagate it, the only mode is, by cutting fmall portions of the root ofF, and putting them into the 
ftrong hec.t of a hot-bed, about the month of March ; as hitherto, it has not perfected any feeds with 
us, and the plant produces no branch, except the flower-ftem may be fo denominated. Our drawing 
was made from the Clapham Collection, in July, this year. This fpecies has been confidered bv Pro- 
feffor Martyr), (fee his edition of Mill. Diet, article Pelargonium 2.) as the fame with G. pinnatum, 
and G. prolificum of Linn. Sp. Plan. But, however, the fpecific characters in Linnaeus, of thofe fpecies, 
may agree with our figure, the G. Aftragalifolium of Jacquin and Cavanilles, they are, unqueftionably, 
all different plants; drawings of the two former we have, and will be given in due courfe. 



'I'!, 







,i.,/rti</ti/t/e(i</ in 



PLATE CXCI. 

PLATYLOBIUM SCOLOPENDRUA!. 

Scolope?ulra-like Jiemmed Flat-Pea. 

CLASS XVII. ORDER IV. 
DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads in two Sets. Ten Chives. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium, campanulatum quinque- 

dentatum ; laciniis tribus inferioribus acu- 

tis, patentibus; duabus l'upremis maximis, 

obtufis, obovatis, vexillo adpreflis. 
Cokolla papilionacea. 

Fexillum, obcordatum, emarginatum, erec- 

tum, maximum. 

Al<e vexillo breviores, obtufae, femi-obcor- 

dataj, bafi denticulataa. 

Carina obtufa, compreffa, longitudine et 

figura alarum. 
Stamina filaments decern, coalita in vaginam, 

fupra femifhfam, apice libera, acqualia, 

alfurentia. Antheiae fubrotundae, verfa- 

tiles. 
Pistillum. Germen lineare, pilofum. Stylus 

incurvatus, glaber. Stigma (implex. 
Pericarpium. Legumen pedicellatum, com- 

prelfum, obtufum, inucronaturn, unilocu- 

lare, dovfo alatuni. 
Semina, plurima, comprcffa, reniformia. 



Empalement. Cup bell-fhaped, fire- toothed ; 

the three lower fegments pointed, fpread- 
ing; the two upper very large, obtufe, 
preffed to the ftandard. 

Blossom butterfly fhaped. 

Standard, iuverfely heart-fliaped, notched 
at the end, upright, very large. 
Wings fhorter than the ftandard, obtufe, half 
iuverfely heart-fhaped, toothed at the bate. 
Keel, obtufe, flattened, the length and fliape 
of the wings. 

Chives. Ten threads, united into a fhcath, 
half cleft on the upper fide, feparate at 
the top, equal and turned upwards. Tips 
roundifh, verfatile. 

Pointal. Seed-bud linear, hairy. Shaft turned 
inwards, fmooth. Summit Ample. 

Seed-vessel. Pod with a footftalk, flattened, ob- 
tufe, with a fmall point, one-celled, winged 
along the back. 

Seeds many, flattened, kidney-fhape. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Platylobium foliis ovatis, glabris ; ramis ramu- 
lifque compreflis, alatis, margine, cicatrifa- 
tis, floribus folitariis. 



Flat-pea with egg-fhaped fmooth leaves, larger 
and fmaller branches flat, winged and 
hatched at the edges ; flowers folitary. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement, natural fize. 

2. The Standard of the bloffom. 

3. One of the Wings of the bloffom. 

4. The two petals of the Keel. 

5. The Chives and Pointal, with part of the cup, magnified. 

6. The Seed-bud magnified. 



This Genus of plants was firfl named by Dr. Smith, in the Linn. Trans. Vol. II. 350, from the 
P. formofum, which he afterwards figured in the New-Holland fpecimens, Tab. VI. Our (pedes 
was introduced, to Britain, in the year ]JQ2, by Me firs. Lee and Kennedy. It is a hardy green- 
houle plant; but has not, hitherto, been increafed in this country. It mull be planted in very fandy 
peat earth, and not much watered, in winter, as too much wet is apt to deftroy it. The young 
branches, which in the old plant appear much more like leaves, (as feldom any leaves are produced 
from the upper part of the plant, after a certain age,) are very tender; but in time become as tough 
as leather, and are alrnofl equally pliable. Our drawing was taken in May 1/99, from a plant, 
we believe, the firfl that flowered in England, in the Hibbertian Collection. 



'V I, /n/ 




*?' 



. / /<T /'///c//// //I ./, 



PLATE CXCII. 

ANTHOLYZA FULGENS. 

Refulgent-flowered Antholyza. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TR1JNDRIA M0N0GYN1A. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla tubulofa, irregularis, recurvata. Cap- 
fula infers. 



Blossom tubular, irregular and bent backward. 
Capfule beneath. 
See Antholyza ringens, PI. XXXII. Vol. I. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Antholyza floribus tubiformibus, curvatis, cocci- |i Antholyza with trumpet-fhaped flowers, curved, 

neis, fulgentibus; laciniis corolla; maximis, ! fcarlet, and refulgent : the fegments of the 

patentibus; foliis longifhmis, glabris, bafi bloffom very large, lpreading ; leaves very 

attenuatis. long» fmooth, and tapered at the bale. 

REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. Part of a Leaf, cut from the upper part. 

2. The two fheaths of the Empalement. 

3. The Flower cut open, with the chives attached. 

4. The Pointal and Seed-bud; one of the fummits detached and magnified. 

This moft beautiful genus does not poiTefs amongft its numerous fpecies, (drawings of twenty-two of 
•which we have) a rival to A. fulgens; whether, for the fize of the plant, which grows to the height 
of three feet, or the extreme brilliancy of its bloffoms, which frequently make a fpike near a foot in 
length. The roots fhould not be taken from the pots, but fhifled into frefh earth annually, which may 
be a compofition of half fandy peat, and half loam, as the leaves do not decay, until frefh ones are 
produced. Our figure was taken at the Hammerfmith Nurfery, in May 1800, to which it was firft 
brought, from the Cape of Good Hope, in 1 /92. It increafes by the root. 

In a cotemporary, and fomething fimilar publication to our own, we were forry to obferve, arifing 
itch to do away, what, under the conduft of its original fcientific proprietor, was allowed by all, to 
conftitute its chief merit and utility; efpecially to thole, " who icijh to become fcienti/ica/li/ acquainted 
with the plants they cultivate." The late Mr. Curtis, purfuing the path he planned, with rigour, to 
prevent confufion, and avoid as much as poilible the greatetl difficulty of the fcience ; feldom altered a 
commonly known, or eftablifhed name; unlefs abfolutely neceffary to fyftematic arrangement. We 
were naturally led to thefe obvious obfervations, from the hints thrown out in the laft Number of the 
Bot. Mag. in which, the A. tubulofa of all the collections, which poffefs the plant, and lb named and 
figured by us, in the preceding Number of the Botanifts Repofitory, has a new generic and fpecific title ; 
and in which a gentleman "with INFINITE Jkill" of the name of Gawler, the acknowledged father of 
the innovation, islpoken of a s qualified to keratinize and rectify the " errors, falfe fynonims , and blunder* 
upon blunders, which /wee from carelessness, Ike.'' crept into the, of courie, infigniticant labours of a 
Linnaeus, a Jacquin, a Thunberg, a Willdenovv, or a Curtis. It may perhaps be an acquifition to the 
fcience that, iince fuch confufion prevails amonglt " the mq/l learned Botani/is," from their *' acknow- 
ledged inability to determine thofe plants ;" which, nevertheless, they have all foolilhly attempted to 
do, we have one at laft, whole "Jcrutinixing" eye " //«« been al-le to make out all Linnieus's and even 
T/iunlerg's fpecies." This elucidation, ot fo intricate a lubject, by a perfon whole knowledge of 
living plants, we fear, does n >t had him, fcarcel < , to an acquaintancefhip with the difference of face in 
a Plane from a Poplar, mutt be matter of infinite moment, to thole, " who wi/h to become acquainted 
with the plants they cultivate;" and the frrull trouble, to moll perfons, of learning new, and outline 
the old names for plants, which have been long rivctted to the memory by habitual ule, will be amply 
compenfated, by the pleafure of novelty, which muft neceflarily refult, from the certain alteration in 
fome part of the title, of every plant which lias hitherto, oris to come under, this learned judge's 
dictatorial fiat. Our opinions, as do our labours, run counter to thefe new fafhions, of rendering a 
difficult fcience eufy; and our road muft ftill be in the old track of the triflcr Lrnnxue. 






J (,w 




PLATE CXCIII. 

GERANIUM LINE ARE. 

hinear-petalled Geranium . 

CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. 
Fructus roftratus, 5-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five Summits. 

Fruit furnifhed with long awns; five dry 

berries. 
See Geranium Grandiflorum, PI. XII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis lanceolatis, obtufis, fubfinu- 
atis; petalis fuboequalibus, liuearibus ; flo- 
ribus pentandris ; radice tuberofa. 



Geranium with leaves lauce-fhaped, obtufe, 
and a little i'colloped at the edges; petals 
nearly equal, linear; flowers with five fer- 
tile chives; root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement cut open, to fhew its hollow ftrudlure. 

2. The Chives and Pointal natural fize. 

3. The Chives fpread open, magnified. 

4. The Pointal, magnified. 



This is another of thofe curious tuberous Geraniums, which have been introduce*, to this country, 
by Mr. Niven ; who was fent to the Cape of Good Hope by G. Hibbert, Efq. for the fefe pt':, C ot - 
enriching his Gardens and Herbarium, (now, we prefume, the firft in Europe) with the vegetable pro- 
du<5tions of that country. It has no apparent difference, in habit, to require any other treatment than 
has been mentioned in the former part of this work, as neceflary to the reft of its congeners. Our 
drawing was taken, from the Clapham Collection, in July 1801 ; the roots having been received the 
preceding autumn. 



&4. 




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' 



PLATE CXCIV. 

HEMEROCALLIS ALBA. 

White Day-Lily. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXJNDRIA M0N0GYN1A. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla campanulata; tubo cylindrico. Sta- 
mina declinat3. 



Blossom bell-fhaped; tube cylindrical. Chive< 
declining. 
See Hemerocallis cerulea, PI. VI. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Hemerocallis foliis cordatis, petiolatis; corolla 
alba, tubo longillimo. 



Day-Lily with heart-fbaped leaves that have 
foot-ftalks ; bloffom white, tube very 
long. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 
The Chives and Pointal, as they are placed in the flower. 
The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit. 
A ripe Seed-veflH of its natural fize. 
The Seed-veffel cut trail fverfely, to fhew the fituation and number of the cells and 

valves. 
A ripe Seed, natural fize. 



The White Day-Lily is from the fame country, and of the fame date in our gardens, as the Blue; 
figured in the Firlt Vol. PI. VI. and was introduced through the fame medium. It is herbaceous, and 
generally flowers, if kept in the hot-houfe, about Auguft ; having that true and conftant character of 
the genus, and from which it had its name, the producing but one folitary, perfect flower, per diem, 
till all the bloffoms on the fpike are exhaufted; which, in this fpecies, are much more abundant than 
in any of the others It is increased by the root or feed. 

This plant, we prefume, is the fame as thofe fpecified under the different titles of Lilium Longi- 
florum, and L. Japonicum, in Willdenow's new edition of the Species Plant.; the L. candidum, and 
L. Japonicum, of Thunberg's Japan; and the L. Longiflorm.i of the Linn. Tranf. Vol. II. P. 3)3. 
The Hemerocallis formerly figured by us, under die fpecific title of Caerulea, we take to be, the 
Hemerocallis Japonica, and Lilium Cordifolium of Willdenow; the H. Cordata of Thunberg's Japan; 
and the Hemerocallis Japonica, and Lilium Cordifolium of the Linn. Tranf. Vol. II. p. 332. Willde- 
now, who had never feen even dried fpeeimens of the plants in queftion, has hence been led to place 
the fame plant, under different genera; and to confider the Hemerocallis of the Botanifts Repolitory, 
as only a variety of H. Japonica, but flill admitting it as an Hemerocallis. Now, as we have no 
doubt, (nor do we think any one can, that will take the trouble to examine the diffections given with 
each figure,) that if the one is an Hemerocallis, the other muft be admitted of the lame family; fo, 
have we made no fcruple in rejecting the generic name of Lilium, for the prefent plant; alihough 
we would gladly have adopted the fpecific one of Longiflora, had not that of Alba, already obtained 
fo generally in our gardens; a rule, for our direction, paramount to all others as to fpecific de- 
nomination. 










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PLATE CXCV. 

HYPOXIS OBLIQUA. 

Oblique-leaved Hypoxis. 

CLASS VI. ORDER I. 

HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



Corolla fex-partita, perfiftens, fupera. Cap 
fula bafi anguftior. Spatha bivalvis. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Blossom fix-parted, remaining, above. Capfule 
narrower at the bale. Sheath twovalved. 
See Hypoxis stellata. PI. CI. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Hypoxis fcapo fubtrifloro, pilofo, longitudine 
foliorum; pedunculis flore triplo longiori- 
bus; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, oblique flexis, 
glabris; radice fibrofa. 



Hypoxis with moftly three flowers on the Stent, 
which is hairy, the length of the leaves ; 
foot-ftalks three times the length of the 
flower; leaves linearly lance-fhaped, ob- 
liquely bent downward, fmooth ; root 
fibrous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A Petal of the Bloffom, with its Chive, as attached to its bafe. 

2. The Seed-bud, on its foot-ftalk, with a part of the tube of the blolibm, to which the 

Chives are fixed. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft and Summit, magnified. 



This fpecies of Hypoxis is from the Cape of Good Hope; and, we believe, folely in the poffeffion 
of G. Hibbert, Efq. Clapham; from whole collection our drawing was made, in June, this year, 1801. 
It appears to be a hardy green-houfe plant; but, is certainly more curious than handl'ome, and, from 
its general character, we fliould judge the propagation would be from the root. 

Profeffor Jacquin has given the Hypoxis Obliqua in his Icones Plantarum Rariorum, 2. t. 37 1 ; and 
in his Supplement to the Colleclanea, 54; but, we mud fuppofe from a more vigorous fpecimen than 
ours; as, the appearance of a woolly character, at the margin of the leaves, was not to be traced in 
our plant, although every other part is exaft. Wherefore, we have retained his name, th'jugh we 
have teje&ed the latter part of his fpecific character, to introduce one, which we conlider, of more 
confequence, as oppofed to thole with bulbous roots, this being fibrous. 



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PLATE CXCVI. 

IXIA MACULATA. 

Spot ted- flowered Ixia. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 

TR1ANDRIA MONOGYNU. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6-petala, patens, aequalis. 
Stamina tria, erectiufculo-patula. 



Blossom 6 petals, fpreading, equal. 
Chives three, upright, fpreading. 

See Ixia Reflexa, PI. XIV. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ixia foliis enfiformibus, glabris, fcapo du- 
plo brevioribus ; floribus alternis, fub-fpi- 
catis ; petalis bafi obfcuris, ovatis, con- 
cavis; ftigmatibus bifidis. 



Ixia with fword-fhaped, fmooth leaves, half the 
length of the flower-ftem ; flowers alter- 
nate, rather fpiked; petals dark at the bafe, 
egg-fhaped and concave j fummits two- 
cleft. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The two valves of die Empalement. 

2. A Flower cut and fpread open, with the Chives in their natural ftation. 

3. The Pointal complete, with one of the Summits detached and magnified. 



This Ixia has been long cultivated in Britain, fo fays Millar, &c. but, till within thefe few years, we 
have not feen it in our gardens; perhaps it has been (like many others) loft to us, and recently intro- 
duced with the multitude of other fpecies, which now decorate our green-houfes ; either from the 
Cape of Good Hope or Holland. It is one of the moft defirable of the genus, from the length of time 
it continues in flower; which is, at leaft a month, from the firft flowers beginning to expand. It 
increafes by the bulb, and is to be cultivated as other common lxias. Flowers in May or June. 



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PLATE CXCVII. 

NYMPHtEA ccerulea. 

Blue Water-Lily. 

CLASS XIII. ORDER I. 
POLYANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Many Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium inferum, tetraphyllum, 
magnum, fupra coloratura, perfiflens. 

Corolla. Petala numerofa (quindecem faepe,) 
germinis lateri infidentia, ferie plus quam 
fimplici. 

Stamina. Filamenta numerofa (feptuaginta 
faepe,) plana, curva, obtufa, brevia. An- 
therae oblongae, rilamentorum margini ad- 
nata;. 

Pistillum. Germen ovatum, magnum. Stylus 
nullus. Stigma orbiculatum, planum, pel- 
tato-feflile, radiis notatum, margine crena- 
tum, perfiftens. 

Pekicarpium. Bacea dura, ovata, carnofa, ru- 
dis, collo anguftata apice coronata, mnlti- 
locularis (decern ad quindecem loculis,) 
pulpa plena. 

Srmina plurima, fubrotunda. 



Empalement. Cup beneath, four leaved, large, 

coloured above, permanent. 
Blossom. Petals numerous (often fifteen,) 

placed on the fide of the feed-bud, in more 

than one row. 
Chives. Threads numerous (often feventy,) 

flat, curved, blunt, fliort. Tips oblong, 

fixed to the margin of the threads. 

Pointal. Seed-bud egg-fhaped, large. Shaft, 
none. Summit round, flat, central, fitting, 
marked in rays, fcolloped at the edge, re- 
maining. 

Seed-vessel. Berry hard, egg-fliaped, fleflry, 
rough, narrowed at the neck, crowned at 
the top, many-celled (from ten to fifteen 
cells,) full of pulp. 

Seeds many, roundilh. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Nymphaea foliis cordato-orbiculatis, fenioribus 
crenatis, lobis acutis imbricatis, acuminatis; 
petalis acutis, lanceolatis, caeruleis. 



Nymphaea with between heart-fhaped and round 
leaves, the old ones fcolloped, lobes lharp, 
tiled, and tapered ; petals fharp, lance- 
fhaped, and blue. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A Chive. 

2. The Seed-bud and Summit. 

3. The Seed-bud, cut tranfverfely, to (hew the number of cells. 



Amongst aquatic or water plants, the JCymphaeas are undoubtedly the molt defirable in cultivation ,- 
although, we fhould agree to the exclufion of N. Nelumbo, &c. now forming a ditlinct genus in the 
Sp. Plant, of Willdenow; taken from Ufteri's Ed. of Juflieu's Gen. Plant, clalied from the natural 
characters, under the title of Nelumbium's. This plant may be kept in the green-houfe, or hot-houfe, 
in a large tub filled witli water and a fmall portion of mud at the bottom. It propagates by the 
root, and the flowers, which are extremely fragrant, are produced in Auguft, in which month, this 
year, our drawing was made, from a large plant in the Hibbertian collection ; but, from an omiflion 
in the figure, we were obliged to finifli the plate from a plant, in the collection of J. Vere, Efq. Ken- 
fington Gore, ftill in flower, the beginning of October. The leaves of this fpecies are moft beautifully 
fcolloped, and near a foot in diameter ; but the indentitions are fcarecly to be perceived in the younger; 
one of which, as we could not introduce the larger, is (hewn on the plate of the natural fize. 

It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and was introduced to the Royal Gardens, Kew, by Mr. 
F. Maifon, about the year 1/92. 



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1 //////.//, i ,i ii, nttftt 



PLATE CXCVIII. 

BAUERA RUBIOIDES. 

Three-leaved Bauer a. 



CLASS XIII. ORDER II. 
POLYANDRIA D1GYNIA. Many Chives. Two Pointals. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium oftophyllum, foliolis_ per- 
fiftentibus, acuminatis, reflexis, dentatis. 

Corolla. Petala ofto, ovata, concava, paten- 
tia, a-qualia, calyce majora. 

Stamina. Filamenta numerofa, capillaria, co- 
rolla breviora, receptaculo inferta. An- 
theroe latiufculae, obtufae, erecbx. 

Pistilla. Germen fubovatum,villofum. Styli 
duo, filiformes, longi, apice curvati. Stig- 
mata fimplicia. 

Pericarpivm. Capfula fubrotunda, pilofa, 
apice dehifcens, bilocularis, bivalvis. 

Semina plurima, fubrotunda. 



Empalement. Cup eight-leaved, remaining, 

leaflets tapered, reflexed, and toothed. 
Blossom. Eight petals, egg-ihaped, concave, 

fpreading, equal, larger than the cup. 
Chives. Threads numerous, hair-like, fhorter 

than the bloffom, fixed into the receptacle. 

Tips broadifli, obtufe and erect. 
Pointals. Seed-bud nearly egg-fhaped, hairy. 

Shafts two, thread-fliaped, long, curved at 

the ends. Summits limple. 
Seed-vessel. Capfule ronndifh, hairy, fplit- 

ting at the top, two cells, two valves. 
Seeds many, roundifh. 



Baiiera foliis ternatis, apice dentatis, fellilibus 
oppofitis. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Bauera with leaves compofed of three leaflets, 
toothed at the point, growing clofe to the 
ftem, and oppofite. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 



1. The Empalement, with the Chives and Pointal. 

2. The Chives and Pointal magnified. 

:s. The- Empalement, Seed-bud, Shafts, and Summits, magnified. 

4. The Seed-bud cut tranfverfely, with the feeds in the cells, magnified. 



This handfome fhrub, a native, of Port Jaekfon, New Holland, was firft raifed at the feat of the 
Hon. the Marchionefs of Rockingham, Hillingdon, Middlefex, in the year 1/93; and, from a plant, in 
the conlervatory, ftill in flower, this prefent month November, our drawing was made, at the Norfery, 
Hammerfmith. It is hardy, although delicate in ftructure, and flourifhes in the green-houfe. The 
ftem of the plant from which our figure was taken, although the oldeft in the kingdom, and near fix 
feet high, is fcarce the thickiiefs of a quill at the bale, therefore mult be fupported. The young 
fhoots and leaves are covered with a flight pile; the fmaller branches ltand out at right angles, pro- 
ceeding from the infertion of the leaves, and the whole plant has at firft light, much the appearance 
of a Rubus. It is propagated by cuttings, made in the month of March, and put under a linall bell- 
glals on the heat of a hot-bed; the cuttings fliould be from the extreme ends of the young lhoots. 
Sir J. Banks, Bart. P. R. S. &c. from whole natural genius and love for the fcience, and by whole 
foftering and liberal hand to promote it, the fludy of Botany has become lb general a tafte ; has 
named this genus, in honour of two molt eminent Botanical painters, of the name of Bauer, natives of 
Germany, and brothers. The one, now under the immediate patronage of Sir Jofeph, as Botanical 
Painter to his Majefty at Kew ; well known for his fuperb and excellent coloured engravings of 
Heaths, &c. in large folio. The younger conlidered no lefs able, engaged under the lame influence, 
with the other artifls, &c. who are now upon the lafl expedition for dil'covery to the South Sea; but 
not equally known to Botanifts, as the perfon who accompanied the late Dr. Sibthorpe, on his voyages 
through Greece; and whofe pencil has produced all thofe drawings, deiigned to decorate and illuftrate 
the famous l'lora Gratca, preparing for the public, under the aufpices of the intelligent Dr. Smith, 
P. L. S. &c. &c. 



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PLATE CXCIX. 

CAMELLIA JAPONICA. r„,>*^, 

Double red Camellia. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER VI. of Schreber's Bth edit. of Gen. Plant. 
MONADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. Threads united. Many Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx imbricatus, polyphyllus; foliolis interi- II Empalemext tiled, many-leaved; the inner leaf- 
oribus majoribus. lets the largeft. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER OP VARIETY. 



Camellia foliis fenioribus bafi attenuatis, juni- 
oribus rubentibus ; pctalis inlerioribus div.i- 
ricato erecf is ; floribus plenis, rubris. 



Camellia with the older leaves tapered at the 
baft:, the younger ones reddiih ; the inner 
petals Hand upright lpreading different 
ways; flowers double and red. 



Again have we to call upon the indulgence of our Botanical friends for their fufferance, in a third 
intrufion on the forms of our own prefcription. But, as we had given the two other varieties of this 
fine plant; and taking it for granted, by judging from our own feelings, that a figure of this very 
fcarce variety would be agreeable to molt ; that they might be (by companion) able to decide upon 
the difference which does exift, but has been denied by many, between this, and the Striped Var. ; 
fee our figure. Vol. II. PI. XCI. It has been thought by mod, who have not feen this plant; that it 
was but the Striped Var. which had loft its variegation. This is certainly not the cafe ; for, it ftands as 
diftinct from the Striped, as from the White variety; which may be readily traced, either from the 
plants themfelves, or our figures; by comparing the fpecific, or rather differing character we have 
alligned to each. The Double red Camellia was introduced about the year 1/94 from China, by R. 
Prefton, Efq. Woodford, Effex. 

The largeft plant now in Europe, of this variety, is in the felecf and moft valuable colle&ion of the 
Hon. T. Greville, Efq. Paddington, imported, laft year, from China in the higheft perfection. It 
is propagated by cuttings, or layers ; and delights in a light, fandyloam; with about one-third of the 
pot, from the bottom, rilled with peat earth. It flowers from November, till February, in the Hot- 
houfe ; or from January, till April, if kept in the Green-houfe. Our figure was taken, in November, 
this year, at the Hammerfmith Nurfery. 



^L — ii^m ii ti • , 



' 



PLATE CC. 

MELALEUCA HYPERI CIFOLIA. 

Si. John s-wort-lea r ced Melaleuca. 

CLASS XVIII. ORDER IV. 
POLYADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. Threads in many Sets. Many Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Calyx quinquefidus, femifuperus.. Petala quin- II Cup five-cleft, half above. Petals five. Threads 
que. Filamenta mnlta, longiffima, connata numerous, very long, united into five bodies. 

in quinque corpora. Piftillum unum. Cap- Pointal one. Capfule three-celled, 

fula trilocularis. " 

See Melaleuca eric/efolia, Fl.CLXXV. Vol. III. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTfii,. 



Melaleuca foliis oppofitis, oliptico-oblongis, uni- 
nerviis; floribus conferlis; filamentis lon- 
giffimk, linearibus, apice radiato-multifidis. 



Melaleuca with oppofite leaves, eliptic-oblong, 
one-nerved; flowers cluttered; threads very 
long, linear, rayed and many-cleft at the top. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A flower, natural fize. 

2. One of the five bundles of Chives, with its petal, to which it is attached at the bale, 

magnified 

3. The cup, feed-bud, (haft and fummit, natural fize, the fummit detached and mag- 

nified. 



Aeout the year 1*02 this ptent was firft raifed from feeds, by the late Mr. William Malcolm, 
Nurferyman, at Stockwell, Surry ; and was, from die very great refemblance it bears to the St. John's- 
worts, fo denominated, until it flowered. It has now become one of the commoner!, of what are 
generally termed, Botany Bay plants; yet unqueftionably ranks with the handfomeft whether for its 
foliage, form of growth, or flowers, which are of a molt beautiful red-purple, fcarcely to be imitated 
in painting. The lingular manner in which the flower-Item is thrown out, as it were, from the old 
wood, in a horizontal direction, is common to many other fpecies of the Genus. It grows to the height 
of lour or five feet, very erett in every part ; is eaiily increafed by cuttings, and thrives beft in peat 
earth. Although it is laid to grow in fuaropy grounds inNew South Wales, fee Linn.nean Tranfadtions, 
Vol. III. p. 279, nevet thelefs, with us, a dry, or damp fituation in the green-houfe, appears equally 
congenial to it. In the month of September I "99, our drawing was taken at the Confervatory of 
R. James, Elq. Grofvenor Place. 



^■M— ■! Mil 




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PLATE CCI. 

AIZOON CANARIENSE. 

Purjlane-leaved Aixoon. 



CLASS XII. ORDER IV. 
ICOSANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. Twenty Chives. Five Pointals. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, quinque- 

partitum ; laciniis lanceolatis, perfittentibus. 
Corolla nulla. 
Stamina. Filamenta plurima, capillaria, iiiuii 

calycis per phalanges in ferla. Antherae 

fimplices. 
Pistilla. Germen pentagonum, fuperum. Stili 

quinque, fimplices. Stigmata fimplicia. 
Pericarpium. Capfula ventrieol'a, retufa, pen- 

tagona, quinquelocularis, quinque valvis. 
Semina plura, fubrotunda. 



Empalement. Cup one leaf, five-parted; leg- 

ments lance-fhaped, remaining. 
Blossom none. 
Chives. Threads numerous, hair-like, inferted 

into the hollow part of the cup in bunches. 

Tips fiinple. 
Pointals. Seed-bud five-fided, above. Shafts 

five, fimple. Summits fimple. 
Seed-vessel. Capfule bellied, dented, five-fided, 

five-celled, five-valved. 
Sleds many, roundiih. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Aizoon foliis cuneiformi-ovatis; floribus folita- 
riis, fubfellilibus, axillaribus. 



Aizoon with leaves between wedgeandegg-lhaped; 
flowers folitary, growing almoft clofe to the 
ftem from the infertion of the leaves. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement (hewn from the infide. 

2. The fame fhewn from the outfide. 

3. A Chive magnified. 

4. The Pointals natural fize. 

5. The fame, magnified. 

This plant is herbaceous, and is found near the fea coaft, in moft parts of the world, within the 
tropics. It has a character common to many Genera of the natural order of fucculents, fuch as Me- 
fembryanthemum, Craffula, &c. that of an indeterminate number of pointals; which, in this genus, 
extend from three, to five, on different plants ; this circumfiance not having been fufticiently attended 
to has unfortunately occafioned fome confufion. Brown in his Natural Hiftory of Jamaica has defcribtd 
it as growing on that Ifland, and with five pointals, therefore placed it to its right genus. Plumier, 
Sloane, &c. treated it as Portulaca, to which, as the genus now ftands, it in no way affines. Laefling in 
his Iter Hifpanicum, publiflied in 1/58, having found the plant in Spain with three pointals, immedi- 
ately placed it to another genus, Halimum ; upon whole authority, corroborated by Jacquin, (who ac- 
knowledges a variation in the number of pointals, on different plants, found in the different Caribee 
Iffands,) Linnaeus took up the plant, laid to have but three pointals, under the title Sefuvium. As to 
the plant laid to be cultivated by Miller in the Hort. Kew: under the laft named genus, we have no 
difficulty in referring that, to the Aizoon canarienfe of the fame work; as the time of flowering not 
bein^ noticed, the dittin&ion of character could not be obferved, and the genus introduced, taken upon 
the gratis dictum of Miller. Burmann, in his Ed: of Rumphius's plants of Amboyna, lias it as Ha- 
limus; and Plukenet as Portulaca fiom Eaft Indian fpecimens ; with numbers of other Botanifts from 
different parts ; as /Egypt, the Canary lllands, &:c. &c. under different names. 

Seeds received from Spain of our plant were, fown by Mr. Anderfon in 1 fQii, at the gardens of J. Vere, 
Efq. Kenfinglon Gore; fince which time, it has annually died to the ground, about November, and 
reappeared in Spring; from this circumfiance, the gteat delicacy of the plant, and having been 
treated as an annual, it has been repeatedly loft to this country; though fo conltantly introduced, in 
almoft every parcel of feeds which arrives from either the Ealt or Weft Indies. It may be increafed 
bv cuttings made early in the year, and put in a hot-bed to accelerate their growth, and lhould be 
planted in rich loamy earth. It flowers from July till September. To preferve it more than one year, 
it mult be kept in the hot-houfe. 











(wuvrwnae 



PLATE CCII. 

SAM YD A SERRULATA. 

Sawed-leaved Samyda. 

CLASS X. ORDER I. 
DECANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Ten Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, interne 
coloratum; tubus campanulatus, decemltri- 
atus; limbus quinquefidus, laciniis ovatis 
planis, patentiflimis, obtufis, duabus acu- 
mine auftis. 

Corolla nulla. 

Neclarium monophyllum, conicum, trun- 
catum, decemftriatum, longitudine fere ca- 
lycis, ejufque limbo ad baiin infertum, ore 
o'btufe 10 ad 18-dentato. 

Stamina. Filamenta nulla. Antherse decern 
ad ofto-decem, oblongae, ere&ae, parvae, 
dentibus ne£tarii infidentes. 

Pistillum. Germen ovatum. Stylus fubulatus, 
ere&us, longitudine ne&arii. Stigma ca- 
pitatum, obtufura. 

Pericarpium. Capfula fubrotunda, quadriful- 
cata, coriacea, craffa, unilocularis, quadri- 
valvis. 

Semina plurima, fubovata, obtufn, bafi forami- 
nulo notata, valvulis affixa, obvoluta pelli- 
cula pulpofa. 



Empalement. Cup one leaf, coloured within; 
tube bell-fhnped, ten-ftriped ; border five- 
cleft, fegments egg-fhaped, fmooth, very 
much fpread, obtufe, two lengthened by a 
pointed end. 

Blossom none. 

Honey-cup, one leaf, conical, appearing 
cut off, ten-ftriped, nearly the length of 
the cup and fixed to it at the bafe of the 
border, obtufely from 10 to 18-toothed at. 
the mouth. 

Chives. Threads none. Tips from 10 to 18, 
oblong, upright, fmall, fixed to the teeth of 
honeycup. 

Pointal. Seed-bud egg-fhaped. Shaft awl- 
fliaped, upright, the length of the honey- 
cup. Summit headed, blunt. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule roundiih, four-furrowed, 
leathery, thick, one-celled, four valves. 

Seeds many, nearly egg-fhaped, blunt, marked 
with a fmall hole at the bale, fixed to the 
valves, furrounded with a flight pulpy (kin. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Samyda floribus rofeis, dodecandris; foliisovato- 
oblongis, ferrulatis. 



Samyda with rofy coloured flowers having twelve 
chives ; leaves between egg-fhaped and ob- 
long, {lightly fawed. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement, with its honey-cup, and the tips, cut and fpread open. 

2. The Pointal and feed-bud natural fize, the fummit detached and magnified. 

3. The Seed-bud cut trail fverfely and magnified, to fhew the number of valves 

and lituation of the feeds. 



The Sawed-kaved Samyda is an inhabitant of mod of the Weft India Iflands, but was received in 
England, about the year 1/95, from the Illand of St. Vincent; tranfmitted from thence, by Mr. An- 
derfon, curator of the Botanic garden, originally eftabliilied there, under the fanftion of our govern- 
ment, by Dr. Young. It is a very tender plant, grows to about three feet in height, making but few 
fmall branches, and rather weak in the ftem. Our drawing was taken in July this year at the gar- 
den of T. Evans, Efq. Stepney, who we believe firlt had it to flower in this kingdom. It is propagated 
by cuttings ; rauft be kept in the bark-bed of the hot-houfe, and lhould be planted in very rich mould. 



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PLATE CCIII. 

IXIA COLUMNARIS. 
Columnar-chived Ixia. 

CLASS III. ORDER I. 

TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointed. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 
Corolla 6-petala, patens, aequalis. I Blossom 6 petals, fpreading, equal. 

Stigmata tria, ere&iufculo-patula. || Summits three, upright-fpreading. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 
Ixia filamentis bafi cohaerentibus; floribus capi- I] Ixia with threads united at the bafe; flowers 
tatis; corollis purpureis. grow in heads; bloffoms purple. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The two Valves of the empalement. 

2. A Bloffom cut open. 

3. The Chives and Pointal, with the tube of the bloffom, the border cutoff. 

4. The Chives cut and fpread open, with the tube of the bloffom, magnified. 

5. The Pointal and Seed-bud, with one of the Summits detached and magnified. 



Here we have a plant which prtfents one of thofe obftacles, conftantly met, in all attempts to a fyfte- 
matic arrangement of the produ6tions of nature. Every feature of Ixia we find positively exprelfed, 
but in the unison of the Threads ; a circumftance, which Linnaeus in his fyflem, always deemed of 
fuch lingular moment, that a number of Genera have been formed, from this natural order of plants, 
hinging on this only character. 

Rut, as this plant has been named, and accurately defcribed by Mr. Salisbury, in the Prodromus 
to his garden 36. n. 18; and continued, from him, by Profeffor Martyn, in his Edit, of Miller's Did. 
article Ixia, 50; in the following therefore fuch fuperiour judgments to our own, we have thought it 
proper, not to make any alteration; and in eonfequence, have retained his Generic and Specific title. 
The extreme brilliance of the flowers of Ixia Columnaris, pervading all the varieties, (of which we 
have drawings of 6,) is not exceeded by any in the whole Genus ; they generally, are not longer ex- 
panded than for about foul hours, and that only under a hot fun ; from about eight.till twelve o'clock; 
when they clofe for the day ; but neverthelefs they have a permanence not ufual in Ixias, as the fame 
blofibms will open diurnally for above a week. It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and came 
fir ft to England, by the way of Holland, about the year 1/94. It flowers iii June and July, amongtt 
the lateft of the tribe, and increafes by the root in abundance. Our figure was taken at the Hammer- 
fmith Xurfery. 



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PLATE CCIV. 

GERANIUM LACINIATUM. v*.^**^. 

Ragged-leaved Geranium. p V rph flowered variety. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



WoNooYNA. Stigmata quinque. 
Fructus roftratus, penta-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five fummits. 
Fruit furnifhed with long awns ; five dry 
berries. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis radicalisms, integris laciniatif- 
que, petiolis filiformibus; calycibus mono- 
phillis; ftaminibusquinquefertilibus; radice 
tuberoia; floribus purpureis. 



Geranium with leaves growing from the root, 
entire and jagged, footftalks thread-fhaped; 
cups one leaved; five fertile chives; root 
tuberous ; flowers purple. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement magnified. 

2. The Chives fpread open. 

3. The Pointal and feed-bud magnified. 



This very handfome variety, (for we cannot confider it as a fpecies,) of the Geranium laciniatnm, 
was imported in 1800, from the Cape of Good Hope, by G. Hibbert Efq. ; in vvhofe collection it 
flowered, laft year, in the month of June, when our drawing wastaken; and we believe it is in no other 
at prefent in this kingdom. Mr. Allen, under whole care that collection is preferved in fuch high 
order and perfection, and to whofe kind communications, we are much indebted; informs us, that 
he has not, as yet, been able to increafe it; but, from every appearance, the plant, he has no doubt, 
may, by the root, as are the other fpecies which have the tuberous character ; and that he did not treat 
it differently from the reft of the Geraniums which compofe this branch of that interefting family. 



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PLATE CCV. 

PLATYLOBIUM LANCEOLATUM. 

hance-Jhaped- leaved Flat -pea . 

CLASS XVII. ORDER IV. 

DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Chives in two Sets. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx campanulatus, quinquefidus ; laciniis 
duabus fupremis maximis, obtufis. Stamina 
omnia coalita. Legumen pedicellatum.com- 
prelfum, dorfo alatum; polyfpermum. 



Cup bell-fhaped, five-cleft ; the two upper feg- 
ments very large and obtule. Chives all 
united Pod on a footflalk, compreffed, 
winged along the back ; many feedcd. 



See Plate CXCI. Vol. III. Platylobium scolotexdrum. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Platylobium foliis glaberrimis, diftichis, lineari- 
lanceolatis ; floribus folitariis, axillaribus ; 
ramis junioribus fub-comprelfis. 



Flat-Pea with very fmooth leaves pointing oppo- 
site ways, linear-lance lhaped j flowers grow 
lblitary from the lower part of the leaves 
clofe to the branches; the younger branches 
are rather flatifh. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement of the flower. 

2. The Standard, or upper petal of the bloffom. 

3. One of the Wings, or fide petals of the bloffom. 

4. The two lower Petals, or keel of the bloffom. 

5. The Chives, natural fize. 

6. The fame, magnified. 

7. The Seed-bud, natural fize. 

S. The fame magnified, but rather more mature. 



No Clafs, amongft the 24, is more diftinft in its natural character than Diadelphia ; yet, fince the dif- 
covery of New South Wales, no one has prefented more difficulty to the botanist. From the great 
number of plants of that country, appertaining to this Clafs, and the ftrong differing characters which 
mod of them exhibit, fuch indeed, as might formerly have been thought of fufficient moment to confli. 
tute new Genera ; many muft now bend a little for the eafe of lcience; or otherwife they will in a fhort 
time become doubled in number; a matter of no fmall moment to weak although willing memories. 
Our having placed the P. fcolopendrum of this Volume, PI. CXCI., and our prelent plant to the Genus 
Platylobium, is the occafion of the above prelude ; as it may be thought by fome who have not feen the 
feed veffel and feeds, the principal parts upon which the Genus is founded, that nature is a little out- 
raged in fo doing; but, without we had fo joined them, we mult have given them a new title. This 
plant was introduced at the fame time as the P. fcolopendrum, and the three other fpecies now in Bri- 
tain ; not one of them, but has baffled all our moft experienced cultivators to increafe it, by any other 
mode than from the feed ; fome of which has been procured from the P. formofum, only. They all 
require to be kept in the dryeft part of the green-houfe, as they are impatient of damp. Our drawing 
was made in November 1801, at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith, by whom it 
was firft railed in 1/92. The general height of the Platylobiums, is about three feet and a half, at moft, 
in this country, and they do not form bufhy llirubs. They require a light, fandy peat foil, with rather 
lefs root room, than is in general neceffary for plants of equal fize. 



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PLATE CCVI. 

DRACAENA BOREALIS. 

Oval leaved Draccena. 

CLASS VL ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointals. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx nullus. 

Corolla. Petala fex, oblonga, ere&iufcula, 
aequalia, unguibus cohaerentia. 

Stamina. Filamenta fex, unguibus inferta, 
fubulata, medio craftiora, bafi membra- 
nacea, longitudine vix corollae. Antlierae 
oblongae, incumbentes. 

Pistillum. Germeu ovatum, fexftriatum, Sty- 
lus filiformis, lougitudine ftaminium. Stig- 
ma trifidum, obtufum. 

Pericarpium. Bacca ovata, fexfulcata, trilocu- 
laris. 

Semina folitaria, ovato-oblonga, apice incurvata. 

Obs. Character fere Afparagi, habitus diverfus. 



Empalement none. 

Blossom. Petals fix, oblong, rather upright, 
equal, cohering by the claws. 

Chives. Threads fix, inf-rted into the claws, 
awl-fhaped, thicker about the middle, 
lkinny at the bale, almoft the length of 
the bloilbm. Tips oblong, incumbent. 

Pointal. Seed-bud egg-fhaprd, fix-ftreaked. 
Shaft thread lhaped, the length of the 
chives. Summit three-cleft, oblul'e. 

Seed-vessel. Berry egg-thaped, fix-furrowed, 
three-celled. 

St eds folitarv, oblong-egg-ftiaped, turned in- 
ward at the end. 

Obs. The Character is very near Afparagus, 
the lubit different. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Dracaena, herbacea, fubcaulefcens, foliis elip- 
ticis. 



Dracaena, herbaceous, rather afpiring to a ftem, 
leaves eliptic. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Petal with its chive. 

2. A Chive, magnified. 

3. The Pointal. magnified. 

4. A ripe Berry. 

5. The fame, cut tranfverfely. 



About the year 1776, this plant was firft received in England, by Mefirs lee and Kennedy from 
Montreal, Canada, N. America. It is a native of all the northern parts of that country, as tar as 
New England; propagates itfelf by the root, and flowers in July. It will not t! ri\e but on a lhady 
border, which fhould be made of light fandy peat. 

Much we revere the name of Solander, and highly rate his merit as a Butanift; yet we cannot for- 
bear ftating our dilfent from the arrangement of this plant, as a Dracaena, certainly nothing can be 
more diflimilar, in every part; this may be eafilv traced by comparing our figure and directions, as 
connected with the Generic character. The whole natural habit of the plant, points out Convallaria 
for its genus, to which it is much nearer allied than Dracaena, even in thi- fexual characters. How- 
ever, we only ftate our opinions, without even thinking of change, as the plant is known as Dracaena, 
having been figured and defcribed in the Firft Vol. of the Kew Catalogue, page 454, under the pre- 
l'ent title. 



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PLATE CCVII. 

M IMOSA L O N G I FO L I A. 

Long-leaved Mimofa. 



CLASS XXIII. ORDER I. 



POLYGAMIA MONOECIA. Various difpofitions. Upon one Plant. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER 

Hermaphrod. Calyx 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. 

Stam.5 feu plura. Pist. 1. Legumen. 
Mafcul. Calyx 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. Stam. 

5, 10, plura. 



Hermaph. Cup five-toothed. Blois. 5-cleft. 

Chives 5 or more. Pointal oue. Apod. 
Male. Cup 5-toothed. Blofs. 5-cleft. Chives 

5, 10, or more. 
See Mimosa stricta. PI. LIN. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Mimofa foliis integris longifiimis, utrinque gla- 
bris, obtulis; capituli geminati, racemofi, 
longiffimi, oppofiti, lutei, fubcernui. 



Mimofa with entire, very long leaves, fmooth on 
both fides and blunt; flower heads grow 
by pairs in very long bunches oppofite to 
each other, yellow and rather nodding. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A flower, magnified, fhewn fideways. 

2. The Empalement, magnified. 

3. The BloHbm, magnified. 

4. A Chive, magnified. 

5. The Pointal, magnified. 



About the year 1792 J. Ord, Efq. of Purfers Crofs, Fulham, received the feeds of this Mimofa from 
New South Wales; the plants were raifed, (he enfuing year, by Mr. White, who has managed, much 
to his credit, the feleft collection of that Gentleman near 20 years, and who obligingly lent us a fine 
fpecimen in March 1801, taken from a plant near 18 feet in height. Of the Mimofas now in Britain, 
we think, this fpecies is likely to exceed them all in height ; making a very handfome plant; snd moft 
beautiful at the feafon when covered with its long pendulous bunches of flowers. It is increafed by 
cuttings, but with difficulty ; and, as yet, feeds have not been perfected in this country. Alight 
fandy earth is what it thrives in moft, but it will grow in almoft any foil. 



L 



PLATE CCVIII. 

LASIOPETALUM FERRUGINEUM. 

Rufty Woolly-blojjom. 

CLASS V. ORDER I. 
P E NT A ND R I A MO NOG YNIA. Fi ve Chives. One Pointal. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium triphyllum, foliolis fubu- 

latis, tomentofis, perfiftentibus, ferrugino- 

fis. 
Corolla monopetala, rotata, lanuginofa, quin- 

quefida; laciniis ovatis, apicibus acutis, in- 

curvatis. 
Stamina. Filamenta quinque, brevia, erecia, 

germinis bafi affixa. Antherce electee, dorlb 

bilobae, apice poris duobus. 

Pistillum. Germen ovatum, fuperum. Stylus 

minutus, nliformis, erectus. Stigma ob- 

foletum. 
Pericakpium. Capfula fubrotunda, fupera, tri- 

fulcata, trilocularis, trivalvis, diffepinien- 

tis e medio valvularum. 
Semina numerofa, fubrotunda. 



Empalement. Cup three -leaved, leaflets awl- 
fhaped, downy, permanent, and of a rufty 
iron colour. 

Blossom, one petal, wheel-fhipcd, woolly, and 
five-cleft; fegments egg lluped, lliarp 
pointed and incurved at the point. 

Chives. Threads five, fhort, upright, fixed to 
thebafeof the feed-bud. Tips upright, two- 
lobed at the back, and two pores at the 
point. 

Pointal. Seed-bud egg-fhaped, above. Shaft 
final], thread-fhaped, upright. Summit 
obfolete. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule roundifh. above, three- 
furrowed, three cells, three valves, parti- 
tions from the middle of the valves. 
Seeds numerous, roundifh. 



Lafiopctalum fbliis fublinearibus, obtufis, ine- 
qualiter finuatis, fupra glabri», fubtus lanu- 
ginofis; floribus racemofis, axillaribus. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Woolly bloffom with nearly linear leaves, blunt, 
unequally indented, fmooth above, woolly 
beneath ; flowers grow in long bunches 
from the iufertion of theleaves into the Item. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. The Bloffom. 

3. The Chives and Pointal. 

4. A Chive, magnified. 

5. The Pointal. 

6. The fame magnified. 

The Angularity of this plant recommends it to our notice, rather than its beauty. It is a native of 
New South Wales, near Port JackTon, and is found in marfhy grounds; where its branches are feen 
to extend many yards, embracing all the under fhrubs they meet; they feldom exceed the fize of 
fmall twine, but are exceeding tough. The whole plant, when old, has a dirty or rufty brown ap- 
pearance, the leaves becoming very fmall and narrow ; although from culture in this country, we have 
feen the leaves, on lb me plants, near an inch in breadth, and three in length. For the Generic and 
Specific titles of this plant we are indebted to Dr. Smith, P. L. S. &c. and we do not think more appro- 
priate ones could have been invented. The giving fpecific names and characters to plants, where only 
one has been difcovered of the Genus, although a little from Linnrean principles, we muft confels 
accords with ofar ideas j for, although, to compare is neceffary to diftinctive difference; yet, if the 
moll oftenfible, and novel appeal ance of the parts, are taken from the firft difcovered plant, for 
the fpecific character; there is no more danger of confufion, from any addition to the Genus, than 
if no fuch obfervations had been made; for, what muft in future be taken as fpecific diftinction niuft 
arife from an oppofition to the firft plant on which the Genus was founded: wherefore we have 
adopted this manner, from the commencement of the work. This plant was firfl railed at the Ham- 
merfmith Nurfery, from feeds received from New South Wales in 1791. It is propagated by cuttings 
taken from the young lhoots, in April; fhould be planted in very Candy peat earth, and kept very dry 
in winter. It is in flower nearly the whole year. 



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PLATE CCIX. 

GERANIUM MELANANTHUM. 

Black-flowered Gera?iium. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 

MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. Frudus rof- II One Pointal. Five Summits. Fruit furaiflied 
tratus, penta-coccus. with long awns, five dry berries. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis lobatis integrifque, hifpidis, ob- 
tufis ; calycibus monophyllis, laciniis line- 
aribus; floribus nigricantibus, dioicis j ra- 
dice tuberofa. 



Geranium with lobed, and entire leaves, hairy 
and obtufe; cups one leaved, fegments li- 
near ; flowers blackilli, with the chives and 
pointals diltinft ; root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement, natural fize, the tube cut open. 

2. The Chives of a male bloffom, natural fize. 

3. The fame, cut open and magnified. 

4. The abortive Pointal of a male bloffom, natural fize. 

5. The fame, magnified. 

6. The abortive Chives of a female bloflbm, natural fize. 
". The fame, magnified. 

8. The Pointal of a female bloffom, magnified. 



This fpecies of Geranium has been given by Profeffor Jacquin in his Icon : rar. 514, and his Collec- 
tanea 4. 188 ; from him, we find it collated by Profeffor Martyn into his Edit, of Miller's Diet, under 
the article Pelargonium, 5g. But, as no notice has been taken by Jacquin of fo remarkable a circum- 
ftance as this fpecies being Dioecious, or with male and female flowers on different plants ; we may be 
led to fuppofe, that it has not flowered in Germany ; or that the fpecimens he had feen, were from 
male plants, as he numbers the fertile chives as five, which could not have been difcovered from a 
female fpecimen. Of five plants we had the good fortune to examine, which were all in flower at the 
fame time, the roots of which had been imported from the Cape of Good Hope in the year 1 793 ; three 
were male, with five fertile tips, the pointals obfolete ; and two female, without the leal! trace of a tip, 
in either blolTom, or bud. As the tips frequently fall upon the expanfion of the flower, in many fpe- 
cies, the bud is the only fure fitus whence to determine this character. It is inoreafed from feed, pro- 
cured from female plants only, which are much more unfrequent than the male; likewife from the 
roots, which, (like to thofe of moll of the fpecies forming this link of the Genus.) are tuberous; form- 
ing fmall bulbs of unequal fizes, connected to the main root by flight radicles, and at a little diftance 
from it: which, indeed, is the reafon we have not adopted the term rapaceous, or turnip rooted, 
although it is a character which has been applied to them by very able Botanifts, yet we think unad- 
visedly, or from their not having had the opportunity of examining them clofelv; as, we prefume, this 
term cannot with propriety be given to any root which is compofed of more than one body, as are the 
Turnip, Carrot, Parfnin, Radifh, &c. where it applies. It mull be planted in light peat earth, and kept 
in the dryell part of the green-houfe, where it will flower about the month of July. Oar figure was 
taken at Clapham in June, this year, from a male plant in the Hibbertian Collection. 



fM, 




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PLATE CCX. 

ANTHOLYZA iETIIIOPICA. 

Broad-leaved Antholyza. 

CLASS IIL ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla tubulofa, irregularis, recurvata. Cap- '! Blossom tubular, irregular, and bent backward 
fula infera. Capfule beneath. 

|| See Antholyza ringens, PI. XXXII. Vol. I. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Antholyza foliis floribufque diftichis; lacinia 
fumma corolla recta, fpathulata, bali ler- 
rataj lpathis rigidis, adpreflis. 



Antholyza with th^ leaves as well as the flowers 
pointing oppofite ways; tht- upper fegmenl 
of the blolibm ftraight, fpuhula-lhaped, 
and i'awed at the bale; fheaths harfh and 
preffed to the bloflbms. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The whole plant, upon a diminifhed icale. 

2. The Einpalement. 

3. A Bloffom cut open, with the chives remaining. 

4. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits. 



This very handfome Antholyza, which is feen fo feldom to flower, in this kingdom, has been long an 
inhabitant of our gardens. So long ago as 1759, it is faid to have been cultivated by Miller; and 
from the firm and hardy character of the root, we fhould queftion its having been fince that period, 
e^er, like many others of this natural order, loft to us. The unfreqnency of its flowering has, per- 
haps, occafioned the inattention, which is in general fhewn to its cultivation, though nmlt collectors 
poflefs the bulbs, few have feen their flowers. Our figure was taken in the month of July, this year, 
from a plant in the collection of T. Evans, Efq. Stepney. It is increafed from the roots, which 
fhould be removed from the pots in July, and replanted the end of October. We have not been able 
to procure any certain data on which to give directions to infure i:s flowering; but the plant in 
queliion was planted in a very laige pot, the earth was a compound of light peat one part, ft iff loam 
one part, and old rotten dung one part. It has been thought by fome, that the Antholyza we have 
figured in the Botanift's Repository, Plate XXXI. was the A. ^Ethiopica of Linnaeus, Sec; but, we 
have given it as a broad-leaved variety ot the A ringens of that author, as we have a drawing of the 
Narrow leaved Van taken from a living plant, to which, as well as to our prefent figure, it much 
affines; and, we are led to think, natural order would not be much violated, if we had treated them 
all as varieties of one lpecies. 



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PLATE CCXI. 

I X I A COLUMNARIS. Far. «bk. 

Collimnar-leaved Ix'ia. Chansealle coloured var. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla 6-petala, patens, equalis. Stigmata II Blossom 6-petals, fpreading, equal. Summits 
tiia, trectiufeulo-patula. three, upright-fpreading. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Isia filamentis bafi cohserentibus ; floribus fub- II Ixia with threads united at the bafe; flowers 
capitatis; corollis verficoloribus. grow nearly in heads; blolTbms change- 

able-coloured. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. A BlolTom fpread open. 

3. The Seed bud, with the Chives, as they ftand upon the mouth of 

the blollbm; the petals being cut off, and the fummits as they 
appear through the tips the whole magnified. 

4. The Threads cut open, magnified. 

.5. The Seed- bud, Shaft, and Summits, magnified. 



This moft beautiful variety, of the Columnar-chived Ixia, was introduced to us, from Holland, in 
the year 1"99- I* flowers about the beginning of June, and continues in blollbm about three weeks. 
The beautiful manner in which the colours of the flowers, of this variety, are blended, and which 
appear to change, as regarded from different points of view, is beyond the painter's fkill ; the beti 
that can be done is but a faint imitation. The roots of this plant are rather more delicate than the 
other varieties of this fpecies. 



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PLATE CCXII. 

POGONIA D E B I L I S. 
Slender -Jiemed Pogonia. 

CLASS V. ORDER I. 
PENTANDRIA J/ONOGYXIJ. Five Chives. OnePointaL 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium pentaphyllum perfiftens; 
foliolis lanceolatis, erectis, acutis, apicibus 
redrxis. 

Coholla monopetala, infundibuliformis, tubus 
cylindricus, lotigitu line calycis, ore villis 
claufu; linibus femiquinquefidus, laeiniis 
concavis, acutis. 

Stamina. Rlamenta quinque, tubo funra me- 
dium inferta. Anlheras ere&as, fagittatae, 
intra faucem. 

Pistillum. Germen ovatum. Stylus filifor- 
mis, apice parum cur vat us, longitudihe 
tubi, perGftens. Stigma coocavum. 

Pi.ric uiriuM. Bacca ovata, coropreffa, calyci 
accreta. 

Semen. Nux quadrilocularis, putamine durifii- 
moj nuclei oblougi. 



Empalemeht. Cup five-leaved, permanent; 
leaflets lance- fhaped, upright, pointed, and 
reflexed at the ends. 

Blossom one petal, funoel-fhaped, tube cylin- 
drical, tin length of the cup, the mouth 
clofed with li.tt hairs border half five- 
el. It-, f< i nts ( ocave and po nted. 

Chives. Threads five, inferted into tli^e tube 
above the mid lie. Tips upright, arrow- 
fhaped, within the mou'h. 

Pointal Seed-bud egg-fl R thread- 

lli ped, a little curved al the end, the length 
of tiie tube, i ■ it 1 1 ncave. 

Sebd-ves el. An rgg-fhaped, flattened berry, 
gro to I 

Stt.D. A four-celled nut, llie'.l very hard; ker- 
nels oblong. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTEE 



Pogonia foliis lanceolatis, apicibus faepe ferrula- 
tis, diftichis; floribus folitariis, axillaribus, 
ca:rulcis; cortice fcabrofa. 



Pogonia with lance-fhaped leaves often (lightly 
fa wed at the ends, and pointing oppofite 
ways; flowers folitary, growing from the 

iul'ertion of the leaves into the llcm, and 
blue; bark rough. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. A Flower cut open, with the Chives as they ftand in the blollom. 

3. A Cbive, magnified. 
-1. The Pointal. 

5. Summit, with part of the Shaft, magnified. 

6. The Cup, u ith the ripe Berry, the fhafl remaining, and the cup a little enlarged. 
~. A Berry cut tranfverflv, to fhew the fituation of the kernels in the cells. 



The Pogonia here figured, is the only one of the genus we at prefent poflefs ; it is a native of Port 
Jackfon, New South Wales, and was firtl tranfmitted to England, byCol. Paterfbn, in the year 17.03. 
It is a climbing plant, the branches acquiring a confiderable length, the Lark being covered with 
fmall tubercle--, like glands, and the younger branches covered, their whole length, with bloflbms. 
Although this is mt to be reckoned amongit the handlbmeft of the productions of that country, yet, 
from the lively colour of the flowers, the profufion of tin m whi< h the plant produces, and their con- 
tinued fuqeeflion, from April, till Septembi r, it mult be confidered as a valu ible addition to the imall 
number of fcandent plants, as yet in our a een houfi - •. m ire particularly at the prefent juncture, when, 
from fafhion, a trellis lus become a necelfai to tht m. It is propagated from the feeds, 

which ripen in this country; as well as fro n , which mould lie made in May, and kept 

in the heal of a cucumber-frame, or hot-houl'e, till they are rooted. It is grown bell in Candy peat. 
Our figure was taken at the Hanmierfmith Nurfery, wh< re it was full, railed in this kingdom. The 
name, Pogonia, is derived from the appearance of the mouth of the flower vhkli is bearded: 
Har/umoy, Pogonion, fignifying a little 1 i ird. 



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PLATE CCXIII. 

I X I A COLUMNAR1S. /•„, latma . 

Columnar-clllxcd Ixia. Broad-ltaved var. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA MONOC1VXIA. Three Chives. OnePointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla 6-petala, patens, equalis. Stigmata I Blossom G-petals, fpreading, equal. Summits 

tria, ereaiufculo-patula. three, upright-fpreading. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Ixia filamentis bafi odhserentibusj florions Tub- l| Ixia with threads cohering at the bafe; flowers 
capitatis; corollispallide caeruleis; foliis la- grow nearly in heads, bloflbms pale-blue; 

tioribus, falcatis. leaves broader, fcymitar fliaped. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Einpalemer.t. 

2. A BlolT'om cut open, with the chives remaining attached. 

3. The Tube of a blollbm, with the chives, the petals cut off. 

4. The fame, cut open and magnified. 

5. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits ; the fummits detached 

and magnified. 



The variety here given, was introduced to England, with the changeable-flowered variety, in 1T99, 
from Holland. It is the flroiigett marked variety of the fix we poffefs; it flowers in May. The 
petals of this variety are remarkably thick at the infertion into the tube, and bave a fo ft, beautiful 
brown on the outride, when the flower is doled, which ilill is never fo fully fo, but a ftn-dl margin 
of the blue appears; which gives them a moll beautiful appearance in thai lbte. No p rticular 
regime is necefiary to this plant, more than what is necelfary to all the common fpecies. 







(ri/l t. V ".' •/! IK/ ■/.) 



P L A T E CCXIV. 

WESTERINGIA ROSMARINACEA 
Rofemary-like Wefteringia. 



CLASS IT. ORDER I. 
DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Two Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC ( 
Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, fub-cy- 
lindricum, erectum, perfiftens,quinqueden- 
tatum, aequale; bracVts Linis fuffultum. 
Corolla monopetala; petalum tubulatum ca- 
lyce paulo longius; limbus paten*, quinque- 
partitus, fub aequalis; laciniis duabus fupe- 
rioribus emarginatis. 
Stamina. Filamenta quatuor, filiformia, fauci 
tubi inferta, quorum duo l'uperiora lon- 
giora, fertilia; duo breviora flerilia. An- 
thei;e loculis oblongis, deae fuperiores de- 
pendentes; duae inferiores ere&ai, lagittatas, 
fquamiformes. 

Pistillum. Germen telragonum. Stylus fi!i- 
formis, parum curvalus, longitudine tubi. 
Stigma bifidum, reflexum. 

Pericakpium nullum. Calyx in fundo femina 
contin c r.s. 

Semina quatuor, ovalia. 



[ARACTER. 

Kmpalemext. Cup one-leaf, nearly cylindrical, 
upright, remaining, five - toothed, equal; 
fupported by two leaflets. 

Blossom one petal; petal tubular, rather longer 
than the cup; border fpieading, five-di- 
vided, nearlj equal ; the two upper l'eg- 
ments notched at the end. 

Chive*. Four threads, thread-fliaped, inferted 
into the mouth of the tube, of which the 
two upper ones are longer, and fertile; two 
fhorter, and fterile. Tips with oblong cells, 
the two upper ones hang down; the two 
lower are upright, arrow-fhaped, and like 
thin fcales. 

Point \l. SeeJ-bud four-tided. Shaft thread- 
fliaped, a little curved, the length of the 
lube. Summit two-cleft, reflexed. 

Seed-vessel none. Cup containing the feeds 
at the bottom. 

Seeds four, oval. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 
Wefteringia foliis veriielllatis, fub-linearibus, 



acutis, fubtus fericeis; flotibus axillaribus, 

fpicatis. 



Wefteringia with leaves growing in whorls, 
nearly linear, pointed and filky underneath; 
flowers grow froai the bafe of the leaves 

dole to the ftem, in f Jikes. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement, with the two props attached to the bafe. 

2. A Flower fpread open, with the chives in their place, magnified. 

3. The Pointal, natural fize. 
•l. The lame masnifii 1. 



The prefcnt plant was introduced to our gardens, in the year ljel, fr. in New South Wales, by Meff. 
Lee and Kennei'.y, Haramerfmith. It was firft named Cunila vertiiillata, and, from «hat we can 
judge, it might, without much forcing of the characters of the genus, have been fo continued; but our 
opinions fhall always give way, when the decifion is pa ft from fuch fuperior talents as thofe of Dr. Smith; 
by whom it has been thought to poffefs a fufficiency of diftmctlve character, on which lo form a new 
ge»us, under the title it here bears. It is a buiiiy flirub, grows to the height of three feet, the 
branches (landing out almoft horizontally, in whorls, and the whole plat refeml lance 

to the Rofemary. It is propagated by cuttings made in March from the end of the final) branches; 
approves mott of light fandy peat, and is in flower from March till November. The whole plant is 
feen tK ."-. 




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PLATE CCXV. 

EMBOTHRIUM SALIGNUM. 

Willow-like Embothrium. 



CLASS IV. ORDER I. 

TETRANDRIA MONOGYN IA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx nullus. Cor. tetrapetala. Stamina limbo 
petalorum inferta. Folliculus polyfpermus. 
Sem. alata. 



Empalement none. Blofi. four-petalled. Chives 
inferted into the limb ot the petals. One- 
celled-pod, m3ny feeded. Seedswinged. 



See Embothrium sericeum, PI. C. Vol. II. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Embothrium foliislanceolatis,uninervis, utrinque ., Embothrium with lance-fhaped leaves, one nerved, 
glaberrimis j umbellulis axillaribus ; corollis very fmooth on both fides ; the fmall umbels 

fubalbidis. of flowers grow from the infertion of the 

l! leaves into the ftem ; blofloms whitifh. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A flower complete, with the fumrait relieved from the petals, magnified. 

2. The fame with the lummit yet reftrained by the petals. 

3. One petal with the tip, magnified. 

4. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit, magnified. 



This Genus, if we may judge from what we already poflefs, amounting to 6 fpecies, promifes to furnifh 
an ample feaft for Botanifts; for we have no doubt, but the fpecies are as numerous as of any one from 
New Holland. The Willow-like Embothrium makes a very handfome bufhy green-houfe plant ; 
the leaves are not fubjeft to damp, and the Hem acquires the height of 5 or 6 feet. It flowers about 
May, and from the manner in which the leaves rather fall downwards, from their infertion, leaving the 
bunches of flowers fully expofed, at their bafe, it has a very pidturefque appearance, as the whole 
plant is fometimes covered with blofloms. It thrives beft in fandy peat earth, and is increafed by cut- 
tings, made about March, or April, and placed in the heat of the Hot-houfe, or a cucumber frame. 
Our figure was takeu at the Hammerfmith Nurfery ; where, it was firft raifed from feeds, in the year 
1/9) 



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PLATE CCXVI. 

EPIDENDRUM SINENSE. 

Chinefe Epidendrum. 

CLASS XX. ORDER I. 
GYNANDRIA DIANDRIA. Chives on the Pointal. Two Chives. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Nectarium turbinatum, obliquum, reflexum. || Honey-cup top-fhaped, oblique and reflexed. 

See Plate XIII. Vol. I. Epidendrum cochleatum. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Epidendrum foliis enfiformibus, nervofis, radica- 
libus; neftnrio revoluto, pun&ato; petalis 
ftriatis. 



Epidendrum with fword fhaped leaves, nerved, 

and'growing from the root; honey-cup rolled 
back, and dotted ; petals llriped. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A flower, one of the petals and the honey-cup cut off; to fliew the fituation, 

and place of the parts of fructification. 

2. The Honey-cup. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, Summit, and Chives; the fmall hood which covers the 

Chives, lifted up. 



This long genus of plants, fo little known hitherto, but in our books, bids fair to become one of the 
greateft ornaments of our hot-houfes; 20 fpecies we already enumerate, in the different collections in 
the vicinity of London; one of which, the prefent plant, has not flowered in this kingdom, till this year, 
although introduced, fo long ago as 1/93, by the late J. Slater, Efq. of Lay ton -Hone ; at the fame time 
with the two varieties of the Double Camellia, from China. Our figure was taken in September 1801, 
from a plant which had been placed in the fpring of the fame year, in the Confervatory built on pur- 
pofe for the protection of Chinefe plants, and where they flourifh to a degree, not feen before in this 
country, in the garden of G. Hibbert Efq. Clapham common. It is propagated by offsets, from the 
root; is rather a hardy hot-houle plant; and thrives moft in a mixture of fandy loam, and peat; about 
one fourth of the loam, and three fourths peat, or leaf-mould. 

Upon the firft obfervation of this plant, we were inclined to think it the fpecies defigned by Thun- 
berg in his Icon. Plant. Japon. 28, under the Genus Limodorum ; and afterwards, altered by him, in 
the Linnaean Tranf. Vol. ii. p. 327, to Epidendrum ftriatum. But upon clofe examination of it, asan- 
fwering his defcriptions, &c. we cannot but think it, if not a different fpecies, at leaft a very ftrong va- 
riety of his plant ; wherefore, we have retained the name it is in common known by, in the various 
collections in which we have feen it. If we were to decide on the fubjeift, it fhould be to place both 
that and this plant again to Limodorum; to which, they hold greater affinity than to Epidendrum; 
bnt indeed, we have an opinion, that one title might readily ferve for the plants canftituting both genera. 




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PLATE CCVII. 

PASSIFLORA MALI FORM IS. 

Apple- fruited PaJJIon- Flower . 

CLASS XX. ORDER IV. 
GYNANDRIA PENTANDRIA. Chives on the Pointal. Five Chives. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthinm quinqnepartitum, pla- 
num, coloratum, petalis con forme. 

Corolla. Petala quinque, femi-lanceolata, pla- 
na, obtula, magnitudine et figura calycis. 
Nectarium corona triplex; exterior longior, 
intra petala ftylum cingens, fuperne magis 
coar6tata. 

Stamina. Filamenta quinque, fubulata, ad 
bafin germinis column* annexa, patentia. 
Anthera; incumbentts, oblongs, obtuke. 

Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum, apici co- 
lumns cylindraceae, recta: infidens. Styli 
tres, fuperne craffiores, patuli. Stigmata 
capitata. 

Pericarpium. Bacca carnofa, fubovata, uni- 
loculari-i, pedicelTata. 

Semina plurima, ovata, arillata. 

Receptaculum feminum triplex, cortici pe- 
ricarpii longitudinaliter adnatum. 



Empalement. Cup rive-parted, flat, coloured, 
like the petals. 

Blossom. Petals rive, half lance-fhaped, flat, 
blunt, of the iize and fliape of the cup. 
Honey-cup, a tiiple crown; the outer longer, 
encircling the (haft within the petals, more 
contracted above. 

Chives. Five threads, awl-lhaped, fixed to the 
bale of the column of the leed-bud, fpread- 
ing. Tips fixed by their backs^oblong, obtufe. 

Pointal. Seed-bud roundilb, falling ir.to the 
end ot a cylindrical, upright column. Three 
fhafts, thicker above, fpreading. Summits 
headed. 

Seed-vessel. A flelhy berry, nearly egg-fhaped, 
one-celled, pedicelled. 

Seeds many, egg-fhaped, covered by a feed-coat. 
Receptacle of the feeds triple, lived longitu- 
dinally to t! e rind of the berry. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Patfiflora foliis indivifis, cordato-oblongis, inte- 
gerrimis ; petiolis biglandulofis; involucro 
triphyllo, flore majore; tructu maliformi. 



Paflion - Flower with undivided leaves, heart- 
lliape-oblong, quite entire; foot-ltalks with 
two glands, fence three-leaved, larger than 
the flower; fruit like an apple. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 
J. A ripe fruit. 

2. A Flower cut perpendicularly through the middle, to lliew its inteiior liructure, 
with t tie parts of fructification complete. 



This fpecies of Paflion-Flower is faid to be a fojourner with us fince the vear I "31, and to have been 
then cultivated by Miller. It is likewife faid to be a native of Dominica, but it is found in all the 
Weft India illands. It rarely flowers m this climate; and we fhould not now have been able to gra- 
tify our friends with this figure, but for the particular ingenuity, in the treatment of hot houfe plants, 
by Mr. Anderfon, fuperintendant of the rich collection of plants in the gardens of J. V'ere, Efq. Ken- 
lington Gore, who by a long experience in cultivation, added to a particular lo\e for the profeflion, has 
placed his knowledge in the treatment of exotics, in particular, much beyond molt cultivators of the; 
prefent day. Our figure was taken from a plant which continued in flower from July till November; 
it was planted in a border of rich earth, clofe to the tan pit, and trailed along the front rafter of the 
houfe; the only method, we prefume, by which it can be induced to flower, as we have never teen it 
elfewhere. It is propagated with eafe by cuttings. 

Much contention has arifen among Botanifts, fince the days of Linnaeus, where to place this tribe 
of plants. Swartz placed it to Monadelphia, who is lately followed by Willdenow. Schreber, Tliun- 
berg, &c. have thrown it to Pentandria. But our antiquated notions of the capability of that great 
man, in claffifying to his own fyltem, thofe plants which came under his actual review, has occa- 
lioned our retaining it, under its old clafs, juft as he left it. 





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PLATE CCXVIII. 

EMBOTHRIUM BUXIFOLIUM. 
Box-leaved Embothrium . 

CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDR1A MONOGYN IJ. Four Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla tetrapetala. Stamina limbo inferta. 
Folliculus polyfpermus. Semina alata. 



Blossom four-petals. Chives inferted into the 
limbs. One-celled pod, many feeded. Seeds 
winged. 
See Embothrium sericeum, PI. C. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Embothrium foliis ellipticis, integerrimis, mar- 
gine revolutis, pubefcentibus ; umbellis 
terminalibus; folliculo villofo. 



Embothrium with elliptical, entire le3ves, roiicc 1 . 
back at the edge, and downy ; umbels ter- 
minal ; feed-pod hairv. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Flower, magnified, the petals yet attached to each other. 
'2. The fame, the petals difengaged. 

3. The Pointal, magnified. 

4. A Seed-veflel, natural fize. 

5. A ripe Seed, natural fize. 



This we believe is amongft the molt rare of the plants, hitherto introduced, from New Holland. It 
has been figured in the third Number of New Holland Botany, publifhed by Dr. Smith in l~Q3: it is 
there faid not to have been, at that time, in England; but, as it had not then flowered, the plant was 
not known, although in the collection of Mefire. Lee and Kennedy, three years precedent to that pub- 
lication; and where, it firft flowered in 1/95. Our figure was taken in September I/89 from a plant 
(we fear the only one at prefent in this kingdom) in the Hibbertian collection. It has not yet been 
propagated with us, and the feeds do not mature. The plant is nearly four feet high, and forms a hand- 
fome, bufliy fhrub, continuing in flower nearly the whole fummer. Over the whole plant there is a 
brown, or rufty-like appearance, which takes much from its beauty. It flourishes in peat earth. 



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PLATE CCXIX. 

GLADIOLUS CUSPIDATUS. fv.^oi»^. 

Spear-Jpotted Gladiolus. Far. with m/fed petals. 

CLASS III. ORDER I. 

TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



Corolla fex-partita, ringens. 
Stamina adfcendentia. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

i| Blossom fix. divisions, gaping. 
|| Chives afcending. 
See Gladiolus roseus, Plate XI. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gladiolus foliis lineari-enfiformibus.glabris; co- 
rolla ringente ; laciniis longiffimis, acumi- 
natis, crifpatis, fubaequalibus, tribus inferi- 
oribus in medio macula oblonga notalis ; 
rorollis albicautibus. 



Gladiolus with linear - fword - fliaped fmooth 
leaves; bloffom gaping, fegments very long, 
tapered to the point, crifped and nearlyequal, 
the three lower ones in the middle have ad 
oblong fpot; bloflbms whitilh. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two valves of the Empalement. 

2. The BlolTom cut open, with the chives. 

3. The Seed bud, Shaft and Summit, one divifion of the fummit magnified. 



Although this fpecies of Gladiolus is as old in our gardens as, almon any, we have ; yet, it is not 
much known, from the unfrequency of its flowering, of which ihere is no certainty. The belt method 
to aflift it with a vigorous growth, is to place it in a confiderable degree of warmth, fuch as the heat 
of the hot-houfe, the pot being kept in a pan, with water. With this affiflance, it may be made to 
flower, fometimes, about the end of Miy. It is a very hardy bulb, in what regards the root, and its 
prefervation. Our figure was made in May, 1800, from a plant which had been treated in the above 
ruanner, at the Hammerfmith nurfery. 



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PLATE CCXX. 

MASSONIA SCABRA. 

Rough-leaved Majjonia. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla infera, limbo 6-partito. Filamenta ' Blossom beneath, border 6-divided. Threads 
collo tubi impofita. Capfula 3-alata, 3 lo- j placed on the neck of the tube. Capfulc 



cularis, polyfpernu. 



3-\vinged, 3 celled, many-feeded. 
See Massonia violacea, PI. 46. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Matlbuia foliis cordato-orbiculatis, fupra fcabro- 
fis ; laciniis corolla; reflexis. 



Maflbnia with leaves between heart-ihaped and 
round, rou^b on the upper fide; the feg- 
ments of the blollbm reflexed. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A lkinny fheath, one being attached to each flower, at the lower part of the foot-ftalk. 

2. A Flower complete. 

3. The Blolfom cut open, to fhew the infertion of the chives into the mouth, juft within 

the honey-cups. 

4. The Seed bud, iliaft and fummit. 



<«*— 



The rough-leaved Maflbnia is, as well as all the hitherto difcovered fpecies of the genus, a native of 
the Cape of Good Hope, and was introduced to Britain, in theyear 1796, by Meflrs. Lee and Kennedy; 
at whole nurlery, our figure was taken in the year 1800; where, it had then flowered for the firfl 
time, in this kingdom. It is a hardy greenhouie bulb ; propagates from the root, and perfe&s its feeds; 
flowers in February and March, and lofes its leaves in June. It ftands quite diftinS from M. latifolia, 
both in the character of the leaves and blolfoms ; though, at firfl fight, it has much the appearance of 
that fpecies. A loamy foil lightened by a final] mixture of fandy peat is that it moft approves. The 
roots lliould not be taken from the pots after the decay of the leaves, but kept rather dry till the leaves 
begin to re-appear. 

Much will it contribute to the illultration of fcience, to find our prefent figure, when copied into a 
certain magazine at fome future period, (and of which we have no doubt,) fpecifically denominated, 
fmooth-leaved; as unfortunately, the other fpecies figured by us, PI. 46. Vol. I. with obovate, blunt- 
ended, or fpathula-fhaped leaves, has been, by a certain hocus-pocus conjuror, and our very goodjriend, 
converted into fword fhap*d! rifum teneatis. 



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PLATE CCXXI. 

WURMBEA CAPENSIS. *** 

Cape Wurmbea. 2. Far.: 



CLASS VI. ORDER III. 
HEXAKDRIA TRIGYNIA. Six Chive;,. Three Pointals. 



GENERIC CHARACTEU. 



Calyx nullus. 

Corolla monopetala, fexfida, infera ; laciniis 

lanceolatis, acutis, ere&is. 
Stamina. Filamenta lex, filiformia, ere&a, fauci 

corolla; inl'ertae. Antherae eredae, didymse. 

Pistilla. Germen triquetrum, apice triparti- 
te™, glabrum, fuperum. Styli tres, triquctri, 
fubulati, incurvi, longitudine ftaminum. Stig- 
mata obfoleta. 

Pericarpium. Capfula oblonga, triquetra, tri- 
fulca, trilocularis, a medio tripartita. 

Semina plurima, rotunda. 



Empalemext none. 

Blossom one petal, fix-cleft, beneath ; Segments 
lance-Shaped, pointed and upright. 

Chives. Threads lix, thn ad-Shaped, upright, in- 
serted into the month of the blollom. Tips 
upright, double. 

Pointals. Seed-bud three-Sided, three-divided 
at the top, Smooth and above. Shafts three, 
three-fided, awl-lhaped, turned inwards, the 
length of the Chives. Summits obfolete. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule oblong, three-fided, thrre- 
furrowed, three-celled, three-divided from the 
middle. 

Sleds manv, round. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Wurmbea foliiscucullatis, lanceolatis; fpicamul 



tiflora ; floribus Sefiilibus, atro-purpureis. 



Wurmbea with hooded, lance-Shaped leaves; 
fpike many-flowcied ; flowers fitting clofe to 

the Item and dark-purple. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Bloffom cut and fpread open, with the Chives in their place. 

2. The Pointals, natural fize. 
.>. The lame, magnified. 



This genus was firSt formed by Thunberg as distinct from Melanthium, in his Differtaiio Noi a 
Genera Plantarum, under the title Wurmbea, from the construction of the blofSom , which in this, is 
formed of one pi tal, but in that, is compiled of fix ; a distinction which has always been t .nlidered as 
momentous, iti determining the limits of the different genera of this clafs; fince which, however, it 
has been abandoned by him, and thrown to 'Melanthium ; although Schreber, in his Genera Plantarum, 
G. 017.;). 239. Vol. I. made no feruple in adopting it. Willdtnow has, in his Species Plantarum, G. /03. 
p. 20'5. T. II P. 1. we think with propriety, renewed its claims to particular distinction, under the firii 
title ; but with this difference, that out of the four varieties given by Thunberg, all under the fpecific 
name of capenfis, he has made three fpecies ; referving his opinion on the fourth, our preletit plant, and 
the Second Var. of Thunberg, for want, as he obferves, of proper documents. Now, as our ideas run 
not exactly with Willdenow, in this alteration ; but thinking with Thunberg, who mull have fcen the 
plants alive, and thence, of courfe, the belt judge; we have the rather followed him ; as we poSSeSs 
drawings of two more of the varieties quoted bv him, taken from living Specimens, and whole trifling 
difference of character does not warrant them to be treated as Specifically different, but as mere va- 
lieties of each other. 

The roots of this fpecies, with the others, of which we have drawings, were received by G. llibbert, 
Efq. in the year 1800, from the Cape of Good Hope. The bulbs are folid like thole of Ixia, &c. but 
of a molt lingular form, having an appendage at the bale like the pat of a mole. None of the varieties 
we have feen produce more than three leaves, which (heath the rlower-ttem one above the other, and 
are rather longer than it. It flourishes in Sandy peat esrth, and flowers in May or June ; but has, cer- 
tainly, more to recommend it to our notice trom its lingularity, as forming a Separate genus j thin 
lrom its beautv. Our figure was taken from the Claoham collection. 



■ — ■' 



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PLATE CCXXII. 

GERANIUM R A D I A T U M. 

Rayed- leaved Geranium . 

CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Mosogyna. Stigmata quinque. Fruftus rof- || One Poixtal. Five fummits. Fruit furnilhed 
tratus, penta-coccus. with long awns, five dry berries. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



I 



Geranium foliis fub-obovatis, cralliufculis, inte- 
gerrimis, radiatis, humi adprefiis; calyci- 
bus monophyllis, laciniis eredtis; floribus 
pentandris, maximis, luteis; radice tube- 
rofa. 



Geranium with leaves nearly obovate, thickifh, 
quite entire, placed in a ray about the ftem, 
and lying on the ground; cups of one leaf, 
the fegments erect ; flowers with five fertile 
chives, very large and yellow; root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Cup laid open, to (hew its hollow ftructure. 

2. The Chives and Pointal, natural fize. 

3. The Chives fpre.ad open, to lhew the number and fituation of the 

fertile ones. 
-1. The Pointal, magnified. 



The only plants of this fpecies of Geranium are to be found in the Clapham collection ; they were 
among the lafl, received by Mr. Hibbert from the Cape, in 1801. To affix any particular period as 
the exact feafon of its flowering, would be premature ; as, the plant from which our figure was taken, 
in the month of Augutt, laft year, had been kept conftantly in the. green-houfe; and, we muft pre- 
fume, as the root arrived nearly dry, the regular feafon of its flowering muft have been materially 
altered. It appears to flourifh in a light fandy foil. The propagation muft be from l lie feeds, or from 
the root. 



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PLATE CCXXIII. 

CLUSIA FLAVA. 

Yellow-flowered Balfam- Tree. 

CLASS XXIII. ORDER I. 

POLYGAMIA MONOECLL Various difpofitions. Upon one plant. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. PeriantMum imbricatum; foliolis con- 

cavis, peififtentibus, exterioribus gradatim 

minoribus. 
Corolla. Petala 4, 5, 6, fubrotunda concava, 

cralfa, cochleata. 
Stamina. Filamenta plura, fimplicia, corolla 

breviora. Antherae iimplices, apicis lateri 

adnatae. 
Pistillum. Germen ovato-oblongum. Stylus 

nullus. Stigma stellatum, planum, obtu- 

fum, perfiftens. 
Pericarpium. Capfula ovata, fulcis exerata, 

locularis, valvis turn radiatim dehifcentibus. 

Semina numerofa, ovata, pulpa obtecta, affixa 
receptaculo columnari, angulolb. 
Oh. Numerus in parte fructus differt a qua- 
tuor ad duodecim proportione obfervata in 
ftigmate, valvulis, loculis, &c. Flores alii a 
parte mafculina, alii a feminina denies Cunt. 



Empalement. Cup tiled; leaflets concave, re- 
maining, the outer ones gradually fmalli r. 

Blossom. Petals 4, 5, 6, roundilh, concave, 
thick and ihell-like. 

Chives. Threads many, fimple, fhorter than 
the blofibm. Tips Ample, growing to the 
fide of the point. 

Pointal. Seed-hud oblong-egg- fhaped Shatt 
none. Summit ftarred, flat, obtufe, re- 
maining. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule egg-fliaped, ftrongly 
furrowed, celled, the valves burning into a 
flarred form. 

Seeds numerous, egg- fhaped, covered with pulp, 
fixed to an angular, columnar receptacle. 
Oh. The number in the parts of the fruit 
differs from four to twelve, according to the 
proportion obferved in the fummit, valves, 
cells, &c. Some of the flowers are tlerile 
with refpeci to the male organs, and others 
with refpeci: to the female ones. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Clufia foliis aveniis; corollis tetrapetalis, luteis. || Balfam Tree with veinlefs leaves; bloflbms with 

four petals, and yellow. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Flower complete. 

2. A petal thewn from the infide. 

3. A petal fliewn tideways. 

4. The Pointal and Chives, one Chive detached, magnified. 

5. The Pointal cleared of the Chives, the Seed-bud and Summit detached and magnified. 



The Balfam Tree, is a native of all the Weft India Iflands, and has been defcribed by Plumier, Sloan, 
Jacquin, Browne, &c; but no good figure of the plant, according with our ideas, has hitherto been 
given of it. The C. rofea, C alba, and C. flava of Jacquin, the three various fpecies, are laid to grow 
to different heights, in the different Iflands; which we are led to think, are but varieties of the fame 
plant. Linnaeus has taken them up as fpecies, upon his authority ; although jacquin himfelf allows, 
that the one he denominates flava, varies in its bloflbms to red and white. This plant does Dot grow 
to above the height of eight or nine feet, in this country, and feldom flowers. Our figure was taken 
laft year in September 1801. from a plant in the Stepney Collection. Miller fays it was cultivated by 
him in IJ.'tQi and had been introduced by Mr. Parker, of Croydon, in Surrey, from Barbadoes. It is 
readily propagated trom cuttings, and thrives in rich, dungy earth. A flight miflake occur-., in the 
quotation from Browne, in Martyn's Edition of the Dictionary; where, the petals are defcribed as 
fcrew-lhaped; Browne has it, " cochleata," or fhell-fhaped, a moft expreflive term for the ihape of 
these petals. 



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i 



PLATE CCXXI V. 

GERANIUM REFLEX UM. 

Reflex ed- leaved Geranium . 

CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Chives united. Ten Chives. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. Fruftus rof- II One Pointal. Five fummits. Fruit furnifhed 
tratus, 5-coccus. with long awns, five dry berries. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliislonge petiolalis, trifoliatis; foliolis 
lobato incifis, recurvis; floribus umbellatis, 
pentandris; ftaminibus duobus fuperioribus 
ftigmatibufque reflexis; radice tuberofa. 



Geranium with leaves^hat have long foot-flalks, 
and three leaflets; leaflets gafli-lobed, and 
rolled back; flowers grow in umbels, have 
five fertile chives, with the two upper chives 
and the fummits reflexedj root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Empalement. 

2. The Chives and Pointal.' 

3. The Chives fpread open, magnified. 

4. The Pointal, magnified. 



This pretty Geranium, from the Cape of Good Hope, is another of thofe which were introduced by 
G. Hibbert, Efq. in the year 1800, through the medium of Mr. Niven. The root being tuberous, we 
judge that from a divifion of the fmaller lobes it is to be increafed. From the reflexed character, which 
pervades the whole plant, petals, leaves, parts of fructification, ice. we have adopted our fpecific title. 
The cultivation is the fame, as for the other tuberous fpecies of this genus. Our figure was made at 
Clapham in the month of July 1801. 



. 



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PLATE CCXXV. 

GNIDIA OPPOSITIFOLIA. 

Oppojite-leai-cd Gnidia. 



CLASS VIII. ORDER I. 
OCTJNDRIA MO NOG YNIJ. Eight Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx infundibuliformis, quadrifidus. Petala 
quatuor, calyci inferta. Semen unicum, 
fubbaccatum. 



Empalement funnel-lhaped, four-cleft. Petal» 
four inferted into the empalement. One 
leed berry-like. 
See Gnidia pinifolia, PI. L1I. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gnidia foliis ovatis, oppofitis, concavis, tomen- 
tofis ; floribus terminalibus, tomentofis. 



Gnidia with egg fhaped, oppofite, concave, 
downy leaves; flowers terminate the branches, 
and are downy. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A Flower complete. 

2. The BloiTom fpread open, with the Chives in their place. 

3. The fame, magnified. 

4. The Seed-bud, Shaft and Summit. 



The Oppofite-leaved Gnidia 
houfe or dry flove plant; as 
Cummer, much rain, if it is 
mentions this fpecies to have 
to the height of three feet, w 
able height from the earth, w 
mixture of two-thirds ioam, 
tings, made in the month of 
plant in the Hibbertian Colic 



is from the Cape of Good Hope, and muft be treated as a tender green- 
, but a little excefs of wet, in the winter, is fore to deliroy it: even in 
expofed to it for a few days, will overwhelm it. The Kew Catalogue 
been introduced in the year 1788, by Mr. F. Malfon. The plant grows 
ith a very flender Hera, and, often, lofes moft of its leaves to a confider- 
hich gives it rather a difagreeable appearance towards the lower part. A 
and one of landy peat, is a foil it molt approves. It is increafed by cut- 
April, from the tender fhoots. Our figure was taken in July, from a 
ction. 



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PLATE CCXXVI. 

MAGNOLIA PUMILA. 

Dwarf Magnolia. 



CLASS XIII. ORDER VII. 

POLYANDRIA POLYGYNIA. Many Chives. Many Pointals. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium triphyllum; foliolis ovatis, 
concavis, petaliformibus, deciduis. 

Corolla. Petala novem, oblonga, concava, ob- 
tufa, bafi anguftiora. 

Stamina. Filamenta numerofa, brevia, acumi- 
nata, compreffa, receptaculo communi pif- 
tillorum infra germina inferta. Antherae 
lineares, margini filamentorum utrinque 
adnata;. 

Pistilla. Germina numerofa, ovato-oblonga, 
bilocularia, receptaculum clavatum tegen- 
tia. Styli recurvi, contorti, breviflimi. Stig- 
mata longitudinalia styli, villofa. 

Pericarpium. Strobilus ovatus, te&us capfulis 
compreffis, fubrotundis, vix imbricatis, con- 
fertis, acutis, unilocularibus, bivalvibus, fef- 
filibus, extrorfum dehifcentibus, perfiften- 
tibus. 

Sbmina bina feu folitaria, fubrotunda, baccata, 
filo pendentia ex finu fingulae fquamae ftro- 
bili. 



Empalement. Cup three-leaved; leaflets egg- 
fhaped, concave, the form of the petals, fall- 
ing off. 

Blossom. Nine petals, oblong, concave, obtufe, 
narrower at the bafe. 

Chives. Threads numerous, fhort, tapered, flat- 
tened, inferted below the feed-buds into the 
common receptacle of the Pointals. Tips 
linear, fixed on fide to the margin of the 
threads. 

Pointals. Seed-buds numerous, oblong-egg- 
fhaped, two-celled, covering a club-fhaped 
receptacle. Shafts turned backward, twifted, 
very fhort. Summits grow out of the fhafts 
longitudinally, hairy. 

Seed-vessel. Cone egg-fhaped covered with 
capfules which are flattened, roundifh, 
fcarcely tiled, crowded, pointed, one-celled, 
two-valved, fitting clofe to the receptacle, 
fplitting from the outfide and remaining. 

Seeds by twos or folitary, roundifh, like berries, 
hanging by a thread from the infide of each 
fcale of the cone. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Magnolia foliis elipticis, undulatis, acuminatis, 
fubglaucis; floribus nutantibus, albis; pe- 
talis carnofis, obovatis, concavis. 



Magnolia with eliptic, waved leaves, tapered to 
a point, rather glaucous; flowers hanging 
down and white; petals thick, inverfely 
egg-fhaped and concave. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . One of the outer petals. 

2. An inner petal. 

3. The Chives and Pointals, on the receptacle. 

4. The outfide of one of the Chives. 

5. The infide of the fame. 

6. The fame, magnified. 

7. The Pointals. 



The Magnolia pumila, (as are, generally, all plants upon their firfi arrival from China,) has been 
hitherto treated as a hotlioufe plant; by which means, a continued foliage has been preferred: but, 
from every appearance of the plant, it is by nature deciduous, and, certainly hardy enough to be pre- 
ferved in the greenhoufe, if not to bear the expofure of the open ground. It grows to the height ot 
about two feet, flowers in the hot-houfe about September or later, and is propagated by cuttings. The 
bloffoms are very fragrant, but of fhort duration. To the late J. Slater, Efq. of Laytonftone, we owe 
this plant; which was one of that rich cargo brought home in the Carnatic, for him, by Captain 
Connor, in the year 1793- Our figure was taken at the Hammerfmitb nurfery. The acceliion to 
this magnificent Genus has been considerable within a very few years : to the fpecies formerly culti- 
vated in Britain, viz. the grandifiora with its four varieties, the glauca and its two varieties, the 
acuminata and tripetala, are now added; the auriculata and maxima, from America; the pumila, 
fuscata and tomentosa or Yow-lang, from China; making in all, with the varieties, fifteen. The fhort 
acquaintance we have with the three laft from China, or the knowledge of what part of that extenfive 
country they are natives, does not enable us to decide, whether they will endure our winters; although 
we may on the two from America, as being hardy plants, or at least equally hardy with the granHi 
flora, being from the fame part of America 




,/,/ //////I//,/ 



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^ 



PLATE CCXXVII. 

GLADIOLUS RINGENS. v m .«*w»~». 

Gaphlg GladiolllS. Many-Jlowered Far. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla fex-partita, ringens. L Blossom fix-divided, gaping. 

Stamina adfctndentia. || Chives afcending. 

See Gladiolus roseus, Plate XI. Vol. I. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gladiolus foliis fub-linearibus, coftatis; fioribus 
ringentibus cineriis, odoratifiimis ; l'capo 
multifloro. 



Gladiolus with nearly linear-ribbed leaves; blof- 
foms gaping, alb-coloured, and very fweet 
fcented; ftem many flowered. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The two-valved Sheath. 

2. A Bloffom, with the chives in their place, fpread open. 

3. The Pointal complete. 



This is a fine variety of the Gladiolus ringens, given on Plate XXVII. Vol. I. of this work; the 
only (pecimen we have ever feen of it, is in the Hibbertian collection, from whence our figure was 
taken, lall year, 1801, in the month of May. It is a ftrong variety, but we cannot confider the dif- 
ference it exhibits, from our firlt figure, of fufficient prominence to warrant a Specific diftinclion. 
The bulbs were received at Clapham, in the autumn of 1800, from the Cape of Good Hope; they 
are rather delicate, and the treatment muft be fuch as directed for the former variety of this fpecies. 



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PLATE CCXXVIII. 

HIBISCUS MUTABILIS. r „ . Meptmn . 

Changeable- Rofe Hi bi feus. Douiie-fowered Far. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER VI. 
MONADELPIIIA POLYANDRIA. Threads united. Many Chives. 



GENERIC 
Calyx. Perianlhium duplex. 

Exterius polyphyllum, perfiftensj foliolis 

linearibus, rarius monophyllum, multifi- 

dum. 

Interius monophyllum, cyathiforme, femi- 

quinquefidum, perfiltens; feu quinqueden- 

tatum, deciduum. 
Cokolla. Petala quinque, fubrotundo-oblon- 

ga, bafi anguftiora, patentia, tubo flami- 

num interne adnata. 
Stamina. Filamenta plurima., inferne coalita 

in tubum, fuperne i_in hujus apice et fuper- 

ficie) divifa et laxa. Antherae reniformes. 
Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum. Stylus rili- 

formis, tlaminibns longior, fuperne quin- 

quefidus. Stigmata capiiata. 
Pericarpium. Capfula quinquelocularis, quin- 

quevalvis; dilfepimentis contrariis, dupli- 

catis. 
Semina folitaria feu plura, ovato-reniformia. 

Ols. Capfula aliis ovata, aliis longa; calyx 
exterior 3-12-phyllus. 



CHARACTER. 

Empalement. Cup double. 

The outer many leaved, permanent; leaf- 
lets linear, more rarely one-leaved, many- 
cleft. 

The inner one-leaved, cup-lliaped, half five- 
cl^ft, permanent; or five toothed, and de- 
ciduous. 

Blossom. Petals five, roundifh-oblong, nar- 
rower at the bafe, fpreaditig, • fattened at 
bottom to ihe tube of the chives. 

Chives. Threads numerous, ubiled at the b ife 
into a tube, at top (in its apex and lurtace) 
divided and loofe. Tips kidney-lhaped. 

Pointal. Seed-bud roundiih. Shaft thread- 
fliaped, longer than the chives, at top five- 
cleft. Summits headed. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule five-celled, five-valved; 
partitions contrary, doubled. 

Seeds folitary, or many, between egg and kid- 
ney-lh qjed. 

Ols. The capfule of fome fpecies is egg- 
fhaped, of fome long ; the outer cup, 3- 

12-leaved. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER 

Hibifcus foliis cordatis, angulatis, quinquelobis, I Hibifcus with heart-iliaped leaves, angled, five 



acuminatis, dentatis; calyce exteriore oclo- 
phyllo; capfula villofaj caule arboreo ; flo- 
ribus plenis. 



lobed, pointed and toothed; outer cup 
eight-leaved; capfule hairy; Item growing 
to a tree; flowers double. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The double cup with the Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits in their place. 

2. The Threads cut and fpread open, with thofe which are perfect and have the tips, remaining; thofe 

which give the plant the double flowered character being cut away ; one tip detached and magnified. 

3. The Seed-bud, cut tranfverfeiy to ihew the peifecT; feeds in their cells. 

Barnard Dickinson, Efq. of Monks- Houfe, near Devifes, Wilts, we believe to be, at prefent. the 
only polfeffor, in Britain, of this fine variety of Hibifcus mutabilis. The plants were produced in 1788, 
from fome Jamaica feeds, which were town at Bowden, another adjoining feat of that gentleman, and 
where they have flowered for fewral years. Although the flowers are double; yet good feeds are pro- 
duced, which is common to moft plants of this natural order, fuch as Alcea Malva, kc. the fullnefs of 
the bloifoms being, as ufual, formed from fome of the chives becoming petals, many neverthelefs re- 
maining perfect; which in thefe plants ltand particularly diitinft from the pointal, being feated on the 
upper part of the tube, formed by the connexion of the lower part of the threads, leaving the pointal 
as perfect as in a (ingle flower. It is alio propagated by cutting, and thrives in rich earth It may be 
confidercd rather a tree, than flirob, as even in this country, it aequiies the height of from 15 to 20 
feet. It is a native of Japan, China, and the Eaft Indies; where it is much efleemed for the extreme 
beauty of its flowers, as well as in our Welt India iflands, where it is also cultivated. The Single- 
flowered has been known in England above a century, having, fays the Kew Catalogue, been intro- 
duced by Mr. Bentinck in the year 1690. The fpeciric title is atfumed on the (ingulat change of the 
flower, from white to flefh colour, before its decay, as (hewn in our figure; which was taken from a 
rine branch received in a perfecf fiate from Bowden in the month of November 1801, and obligingly 
communicated, to the author, by Mrs. Dickinfon. 











— ; 







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-'■ «■ 



1 



PLATE CCXXIX. 

MAGNOLIA FUSCATA. 

Browji-Jlemed Magnolia. 



CLASS XIII. ORDER VII. „/&w, Gf ,p, M , 
POLYANDRIA POLYGYNIA. Many Chives. Many Pointals. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx 3-phyllus. Petala6-I2. CapfuL-e 2-valves, 
imbricatae. Semina baccata, pendula. 



Cup 3 leaved. Petals 6-12. Capfules 2-valved, 
tiled. Seeds, berries, pendulous. 
See Magnolia pumila, PI. 226. Vol. IV. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Magnolia foliis elipticis, fenioribus glabris, ju- 
nioribus ramulifque tomentofis, fufcatis; 
petalis interne fubalbidis, marginibus ele- 
gantiflirae coloratis. 



Magnolia with eliptical leaves, the old ones 
fmooth, the younger as well as the fmall 
branches are downy, and browned; petals 
whitifh within, the margins elegantly co- 
louted. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The outer fence of the flower, which falls off before the flower expands. 

2. An outer petal of the bloffom. 

3. A Chive, with the parts complete, before the pollen has been emitted, a little magnified. 

4. The fame (hewn from the outlide. 

5. A Chive {hewn from the infide with the tips built, magnified. 

6. The Chives and Pointals, natural fize. 

/. The Pointals, as they are placed on the columnar (haft, the Chives being removed, 
natural tize. 



Of all the Magnolias with which we are as yet acquainted, this fpecies is the mod elegant; whe- 
ther for the growth of the plant, the brilliancy of the foliage, or the extreme delicacy, fragrance, 
and beauty of the flowers. It is a native of China; from whence it was firtl introduced to us, 
in the year 1796, by T. Evans, Kfq. of Stepney; from a plant in whofe collection, our figure was 
taken, this year, 1802, in the month of February, the general feafon of its flowering in this climate 
if kept in the hot-houfe; to which flalion it has, as yet, been doomed, although, from the general 
character of the Genus, we fliould be led to treat it more hardily. It is increafed by cuttings, and 
layers; but the firft is the belt method, as, in the latter mode the branches do not take root under two 
years. The plant from which our drawing was made, did not exceed a foot and a half in height, 
which leads us to fuppofe it never becomes a large flirub, even in China. It thrives in leaf mould, and 
light loam. We believe this plant has not hitherto come under the review of any botanical author. 




I/,///// 1 //. 



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PLATE CCXXX. 

DODONiEA TRIQUETRA. 

Tliree-jided Dodon&a. 



CLASS VIII. ORDER I. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Eight Chives. One Pointal. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium tetrapbyllum, planum; 

foliolis ovatis, obtufis, concavis, deciduis. 
Corolla nulla. 
Stamina. Filamenta ofto, breviflima. Anthera; 

oblongae, arcuatae, connivcntes, longitudine 

calycis. 
Pistillum. Germen triquetrum, longitudine 

calycis. Stylus cylinclricus, trifulcatus, erec- 

tus. Stigma fubtrifidum acutiulculum. 

Pbricakpium. Capfula trifuka, inflata, trilo- 

cularis; angulis membranaceis, magnis. 
Semina bina, fubrotunda. 



Empalement. Cup four-leaved, flat; leaflet* 
egg-fhaped, obtule, concave, falling off, 

Blossom, none. 

Chives. Eight threads, very fliort. Tipsoblong, 
curved, approaching, the length of the 
cup. 

Pointal. Seed-bud three-fided, the length of 
the cup. Shaft cylindrical, three-furrowed, 
upright. Summit nearly three-cleft ra- 
ther pointed. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule three-furrowed, fwelled 
out, three cells, angles skinny, large. 

Seeds by twos, nearly round. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Dodonaea foliis lanceolatis, utrinque attenuatis, 
glaberrimis; ramulis triquetris; floribus 
dioicis. 



Dodonaea with lance-fhaped leaves, tapered to 
both ends, very fmooth; the final] branches 
three-fided; flowers with chives and poin- 
tals diftinct. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

Male Flower. 

1. The Empalement, magnified. 

2. The Empalement and Chives, before the burfting of the tips, magnified. 

3. The fame, when the tips have emitted the pollen, magnified. 

Female Flower. 

1. The Empalement, magnified. 

2. The Empalement, feed bud, fhaft and furamit, magnified. 

3. A ripe capfule, natural fize. 

4. One of the divifions of the capfule;. 

5. A ripe feed, natural fize. 



The fpecies here figured of Dodonaea is from New Holland; where, Forfter fays he found it, as wc 
have given it, with the chives and pointals difiindt; but, that the fame fpecies was hermaphrodite, 
when growing in New Zealand, which may perhaps be the. fact, though we lliould fufpect, from 
fuch circumftance, they -were different fpecies. Martyn in his Ed. of Miller's Diet mentions this 
plant, and throws it to the broad-leaved fpecies found in the tropical climates of America and Alia. 
Willdenow, in his Sp. Plant. Tom. 1 1. P. 1. p. 345, has made it a fpecies, without any obiervation on 
its parts of fructification : which leads us to fuppofe, he had not feen flowering fpecimens. It is as 
hardy as any greenhoufe plant we poffefs, but will not refift the leverity of our frolts; is eafily propa- 
gated by cuttings, and thrives in almoft any earth. It is fo very common in New Holland, that, 
fcarce a parcel of feeds has arrived from thence, but has contained fome of the feeds. The two figures 
were taken from two plants at the nurfery Hammerfmith. 



_ 



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PLATE CCXXXI. 

CERBEIIA AHOUAI. 

Oval-lcaved Cerbera. 



CLASS V. ORDER I. 
PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Five Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Contorta. Drupa monofperma. Corolla in- « Floweks contorted. Pulpy feed-veflel, one- 
fundibuliformis. feeded. Bloft'in funnel-fhaped. 

See Plate 130, Ceil era undulata, Jul. II. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Cerbera foliis ovatis, acutis, laciniis corolloe un- II Cerbera with egg-fhaped, pointed leaves; feg- 
dulatis; calycis foliolis reflexis. ments of the blollbm waved ; leaflets ot the 

cup reflexed. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 



1. The Empalement. 

2. A Bloffom cut open, the Chives in their place. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft and Summit; with the fummit detached, magnified. 



The oval-leaved Cerbera is a native of the continent of South America, in Brazil and the other pro- 
vinces within the tropics; therefore, mull be treated as a tender hothoufe plant. It is increafed by 
cuttings, delights moft in a rich foil, and flowers in July, or Augult. It is faid to acquire the height 
often feet, in its native clime, but, with us, it feldom attains to three; becoming a handfome, bu'hy 
ihrub. The flowers have a faint fmell, as have moft of this natural order; the whole plant is replete 
with a whitiih juice, of a moft deleterious quality; and the wood when rubbed emits a difagreeable 
odour. The fruit is considered by the indians as a deadly poifon againft which there is no antidote. 
Our figure was taken from a plant in the Hibbertian Collection, Clapham. Introduced to England, 
(or rather cultivated about that period) fays the Kew Catalogue, by Mr. Miller, in the year 1730. 










( ' >, r/r/if , ///, ■///■// 



PLATE CCXXXII. 

IXIA CAPITATA. r„, s*u*». 

Bunch-flowering Ixla. Far. Star-flowered. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 

TRIJNDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6 partita, paten», sequalis. Stigm3ta 
tria, erectiulculopatula. 



Blossom 6divi(5ons, fpreading, equal. Summits 
three, between upright and fpreading. 
See Ixia reflexa, Plate XIV. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ixia foliolis enfiformibus, ereftis, fcnpo brevio- 
ribus; fioribus cipi talis, contertis, pallide 
cameis; petahs ba(i fteUatk. 



Ixia with fword-ihaped leaves, upright fhorter 
than the Item; flowers grow in heads, 
crowded, of a pale flelh-colourj petals 
Itarred at the bafe. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two valves of the fheath. 

2. A flower cut open, the Chives remaining. 

3. Ihe Pointal. 



As w-e cannot think this plant pofierTVs fuflieient diflinftive character, to entitle it to a particular 
fpecitic title, we have placed it as above; although we mult confefs that the root, in this plant, is 
very diffimilar from molt of the bunch-flowering fpecvs. It is a very hardy bulb, and in no ways 
liable to rot, increafing very abundantly and flowering, without any allillance from heat, about the 
end of May. Our figure wis taken at ihe Ilammerfmiih nurfery iu 1T99; to which it had been intro- 
duced, about four years previous. 



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PLATE CCXXXITT. 

MELANTHIUM VIRIDE, 

Green-flowered Melanthium. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. , 
HEXANDRIA MOXOGYXIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx nullus. 

Corolla. Petala fex, ovato-oblonga, patentia, 

unguibus linearibus longioribus, perfiftentia. 
Stamina. Filamenta fex, filiformia, erecta, 

longitudine corolla;, cui inferta fupra un- 

gues. Antherae globofae. 
Pistilla. Germen conicum, ftriatum. Styli 

tres, diftincli, curvi. Stigmata obtufa. 
Pericarpium. Capfula ovata, trigona, trifulca, 

trilocularis, ex capfulis tribus intiorfum 

unitis. 
Semina plurima, comprefia, femiovata. 



Empalemf.nt, none. 

Blossom. Six petals, oblong egg-fhaped, fpread- 

ing, with linear longer claws remaining. 
Chives. Threads fix, thread maped, upright, 

the length of the bloflom into which they 

are inferted above the claws. Tips globular. 
Pointals. Seed-bud conical, ftreaked. Shafts 

three, diftinft, curved. Summits blunt. 
Seed-vessix. Capt'ule egg-iliapfd, three-fided, 

three furrowed, three-celled, formed of 

three c.ipfules united within. 
Seeds numerous, flattened, half egg- (haped. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Melanthium foliis ovato lanceolatis, fcapo vagi- 
nantibus, ere&is; corollis viridi-purpureis, 
reflexis. 



Melanthium with leaves between lance and egg- 
lliaped, lheathing the ftem and upright; 
blolibms greenith-purple, reflexed. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Petal with its Chive attached, magnified. 

2. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summits, magnified. 

3. The Seed-bud cut tranfversely, magnified. 



The Green flowered Melanthium was introduced to the Rew collection, by Mr. F. Mafibn, in the 
year ] "88, as we are informed by the catalogue of that garden, from the Cape of Good Hope. The 
plant from which our figure was taken, had been fent to the Clapham collection amongft other bulbs 
which were received from Mr. Niven in the year 1500; it flowered the fucceeding year, when our 
drawing was made. We believe, at prefent, it is in no other collection than that of Mr. Hibbeit; 
nor do we think, without a frefh fupply, it will be long feen in this country, as it has been often 
introduced, and as often loft; nor does it increafe with us by the root, and the feeds have not, as yet, 
matured in this country; it appears to grow luxuriantly in fandy peat earth, and flowers in July. 



, / /. S3J 




!(,(./ /////(/ "/ iv//(/i 






PLATE CCXXXIV. 

PROTEA SPICATA. 

Spike-flowered Protea. 

CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 4-fida feu 4-petala. Antherae lineares, 
infertae petalis infra apicem. Calyx pro- 
prius nullus. Semina folitaria. 



Blossom 4-cleft or 4-petalled. Tips linear, in- 
ferted into the petals below the point. Pro- 
per cup none. Seeds folitary. 
See Protea Formosa, Plate XVII. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Protea foliis bipinnatis, fubfiliformibus, pinnulas 
canaliculatae, apice glandulofae; capitula fpi- 
cata, quadriflora. 



Protea with twice-divided leaves nearly thread- 
fliaped, fmall divifions channelled and glan- 
dular at the end; fmall heads in fpikes and 
four-flowered. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. One of the fmall heads of flowers, not yet expanded. 

3. The fame, with the flowers open. 

4. A flower taken from the general cup, with one of the petals detached, magnified. 

5. The Pointal, the Summit detached, magnified. 



From a plant now in flower, May 1S02, in the Hibbertian collection, our figure was taken. It is one 
of thofe defcribed by Thunberg in his Dilfertatio de Protea, n. II, and in his Prodromus 25, under 
the title we have given it; and which is, certainly, very appropriate; although many have the flowers 
growing in fpikes. We believe this is the firft time it has flowered in Britain, and that, at prefent, 
it is very fcarce; having been introduced by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy in the year 1790- It is a hardy 
greenhoufe plant, is increafed by cuttings, and thrives in a fandy loam with a fmall portion of fandy 
peat earth. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 






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PLATE CCXXXV. 

MIMOSA DISCOLOR. 

Two-coloured leaved Mimofa. 



CLASS XXIII. ORDER I. 
POLYGAMIA MONOECIA. Various difpofitions : Upon one plant. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Hermaph. Calyx 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. 
Stamina 5 feu plura. Pill. 1. Legumen. 
Masc. Calyx 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. 
Stamina 5, 10, plura. 



Hermaph. Cup 5-toothed. Bloffom 5-cleft. 
Chives 5 or more. Pointall. Apod. 
Male. Calyx 5-toothed. Bloffom 5-cleft. 
Chives 5, 10, or more. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Mimofa inermis; foliis bipinnatis, fexjugis, bi- 
coloribus; pinnis acutis, cequalibus; fpicis 
axillaribus; capitulis globofis; filiquis latif- 
timis, planis. 



Mimofa without fpines; leaves doubly winged, 
in fix pairs, and two coloured; wings Iharp 
pointed and equal; fpikes grow from the 
infertion of the leaves; fmall heads globu- 
lar; pods very broad and flat. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement, natural fize. 

2. The fame, magnified. 

3. A Bloffom. 

4. A Chive, magnified. 

5. The Pointal natural fize, from an hermaphrodite flower. 

6. The fame, magnified. 



In the year 1 ?8$ the feeds of this plant were received, from New South Wales, by a number of per- 
fons' and were railed, the fame year, by molt of thofe who fowed the feeds. The character of the 
plant from whence it derives its fpecific title is much loft in its advanced Hate; but in the firft t,vo or 
three years ot its growth, it is extremely powerful; the under part of the young leaves being of a 
bri/ht purple. It is extremely difficult to propagate from cuttings; and it has not, as yet, peifecled its 
feeds in England. It grows to the height of fix or feven feet; is a hardy green-houfe plant; and thrives 
moll in fandy peat earth. Our figure was made from a very fine fpecimen, communicated by the 
Hon. W. H. Irby, in September 1801, from his elegant colle&ion at die Parfonage, Famham lloyal, 
near Windfor, Bucks. 



,0Y. 




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PLATE CCXXXVI. 

HYPOXIS STELLATA. r a ,^ea//„ 
Star -flowered Hypoxis. wute Var. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla fexpartita, perfiftens, fupera. Cap- 
fulabafi anguftior. Spatha 2-valvis. 



Blossom fixparted, remaining, above. Capfule 
narrower at the bafe. Sheath two valves. 
See Hypoxis Jlellata. PI. 101. Pol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Hypoxis fcapo unifloro ; foliis fublinearibus, 
laxis, ftriatis; petalis bafi maculatis; co- 
rolla intus alba. 



Hypoxis with but one bloflbm on die flower- 
ftem ; leaves nearly linear.flexible and fcored; 
the petals lpotted at the bafe; bloflbm white 
within. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A Petal of the Bloflbm, fliewn from the outfide. 

2. The Chives and Pointal. 

3. One of the Chives. 

4. The Pointal, cleared of the chives. 



This moll brilliant variety of Hypoxis ftellata, is as old an inhabitant of our gardens as the other Var. 
figured in the 2d Vol. of the Repofitory, PI. 101; it was likewife introduced by Mr. F. Maflbn. The 
roots of this plant are rather more tender, or delicate, than thofe of the yellow variety; which makes 
it (career, and much lefs known. The nurfery, Hammerfmith, is the only place at which we have 
feen it; and, we believe, they have it not in Holland. The root from which our figure was taken, 
had been imported, from the Cape, in 1801. It flowers in April, and increafes by the root; ihould 
be planted in very light fandy peat earth, and removed from the pot foon after the flowers are 
decayed. 



96m 





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PLATE CCXXXVIL 

CYTISUS TOMENTOSUS. 

Downy-leaved Cytifus. 



CLASS XVII. ORDER IV. 
DIADELPIIIA DECANDRIA. Threads in two lets. 



'Jen Chives. 



GENEUIC 
Calvx. Perianthium monopliyllum, campanu- 

latum, breve, bafi obtufum ; ore bilabiato; 

labio fuperiore bifido, acuminato; inferiore 

tridentato. 
Corolla papillionacea. 

Vexillum ovatum, affurgens, laterioribus 

reflexis. 

Ala longitudine vexilli, reft», obtufe. 

Carina ventriculofa, acuminata. 
Stamina. Filamenta diadelpha (firaplex et no- 

vemfidum) affurgentia. Antherae fimplices. 

Pistillum. Germen oblongum. Stylus (im- 
plex, affurgens. Stigma obtufum. 

Pericarpium. Legumen oblongum, obtufum, 
bafi attenuatum, rigidum. 

Semina nonnulla, reniformia, compreffa. 



1ARACTEK. 
EMPALKMbNT. Cup one -leaved, bell fhaped, 

fbort, blunt at thebafe; mouth two-lipped; 

upper lip two cleft, tapered; lower tip three- 
cleft. 
Blossom butterfly (haped, 

Standard egg- fhaped, riling upwards, turned 

back at the fides. 

Wings the length of the ftandard, ftraight, 

blunt. 

Keel a little bellied, tapered. 
Chives. Threads in two fets (one fingle, the 

other nine-cleft) turned upwards. Tips 

fimple. 
Pointal. Seed-bud oblong. Shaft fimple, 

turned upwards. Summit obtufe. 
Seed-vessel. Pod oblong, obtufe, tapered at 

the bate, ftiff. 
Seeds a few, kidney-fhape, flattened. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Cytifus racemis lateralibus, ereetis; ramis tere- 
tibus, divaricatis; foliolis ovatis, tomen- 
tofis; vexillo crenulato; corollis luteis. 



Cytifus with the bunches of flowers growing 
from the fides of the branches, which are 
round and ftraddle; leaflets egg-fhaped and 
downy; ftandard a little fcolloped; blof- 

lbms yellow. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. The ftandard. 

3. One of the Wings. 

4. The Keel. 

5. The Empalement, Chives, and Pointal, a little magnified. 

6. The Seed-bud, magnified. 
7- A ripe Pod. 

8. The fame, fplit open, to expofc the fituation of the feeds. 



This pretty Cytifus, a native of the Cape of Good Hope, was railed from feeds at the Ilammerfmith 
nurfery, in the year 179^. It is rather a weak, and loofe growing fhrub, attaining the height of a 
foot and a half, and flowering about Auguft. It delights in a light foil, and is propagated with cafe 
by cuttings; it likewife perfects its feeds. The whole habit of the plant much more referable* Croto- 
laria than Cytifus; but the feed-veffel and empalement preclude its adniiffion to that Genus. 






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PLATE CCXXXVIII. 

ROELLA DECURREN8. 
Decurrent-lea~ced Roella. 



CLASS V. ORDER I. 
PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Five Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, turbina- 
tum, quinquepartitum, peififtens; laciuiis 
lanceolatis, acutis, dentatis, magnis. 

Corolla monopetala, infundibuliformis, deci- 
dua; tubus calyce paulo brevior; limbus 
eretto-patens, quinquepartitus, calyce lon- 
gior. 

Nectarium e fquamis quinque, conniven- 
tibus, in fundo corollae. 

Stamina. Filamenta quinque, fubulata, nec- 
tario infidentia. Anthers fubulata;, conni- 
ventes, longitudine filamentorum, altitudine 
calycis. 

Pistillum. Germen oblongum, inferum. Sty- 
lus filiformis, longitudine ftaminum. Stig- 
mata duo, oblonga, deprefla, patentia. 

Pericarpium. Capfula cylindracea, calyce bre- 
vior, coronatacalycepatenti majoreque fafto, 
bilocularis. 

Sbmina plurirna, angulata. 

Obi". Campanula; valde affinis. 



Empalement. Cup one leaf, top fhaped, five- 
divided, remaining; fegments lancc-fhaped, 
pointed, toothed, large. 

Elossom one petal, funnel-fhaped, deciduous, 
tube a little fhorter than the cupi border 
between upright and fpreading, five-divided, 
longer than the cup. 

Honeji-cup formed of five fcales, approach- 
ing, at the bottom of the blotYom. 

Chives. Five threads, awl-fhaped, placed upon 
the honey-cup. Tips awl-fhaped, approach- 
ing the length of the threads, the height of 
the cup. 

Pointal. Seed-bud oblong, beneath. Shaft 
thread-fliaped, the length of the chives. 
Summits two, oblong, flattened, fpreading. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule cylindrical, fhorter than 
the cup, crowned with the fpreading cup 
which has become larger, two celled. 

Seeds many, angled. 

Obf. This Genus is very nigh affiued to campa- 
nula. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER 

Roella foliis lanceolatis, ciliatis, integerrimis, 
decurrentibus; floribus folitariis, pedunculis 
longiffimis, axillaribus. 



Roella with lance-fhaped leaves, fringed, quite 
entire, decurrent; flowers folitary, foot. 
flalks very long, growing from the bafe of 
the leaves clofe to the ftem. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement, Chives, and Pointal, the bloflbm removed. 

2. A Bloflbm cut on one fide, and fpread open. 

3. One of the fcales of the Honey cup, with its Chive magnified. 

4. The Pointal, cleared of the other parts of fructification. 



As an annual, this is a mod beautiful little plant; but, although the feeds have been received feveral 
times, from the Cape of Good Hope, where it is native; and firft at the Royal Gardens, Kew, in 
1/8", fent by Mr. F. Maflbn; yet, has it never been feen the fecond year; owing, we fuppofe, to 
the impracticability of procuring ripe feeds in our climate. Perhaps future trials, by different treatment, 
may meet with a hnppier iflue. The figure was taken at the Clapham Garden, in Auguft 1800; 
when the plant had apparently attained its greateft perfection ; but unfortunately, no feeds ripened; 
and at prefent, we believe, there is no veftige of the plant in Britain. It appears to delight in fandy 
peat, and to be kept under cover, even in the fummer feafon. 



//V 




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. 



PLATE CCXXXIX. 

GERANIUM SELINUM. 

Rock-ParJley-leaved Geranium. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MONADELPH1A DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. 
Fructus roftratus, penta-coccus. 



One Point al. Five Summits. 

Fkuit furniflied with long awns, five dry berries. 

See Geranium grandiflokum. Vol. 1. PI. XII. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis pinnatis, foliolis alternis, laci- 
niatis, hirfutis; petala bina fuperiora re- 
fracta, 3 inferiora concava, conniventia, 
re&a; ftaminibus 5 fertilibus; radice tube- 
rofa. 



Geranium with winged leaves; leaflets alternate, 
ragged, and hairy; the two upper petals 
appearing broke back, the 3 lower concave, 
approaching and ttraight ; five fertile elm es ; 
root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. The Chives, cut open and magnified. 

3. The Pointal and Seed-bud magnified. 



Geranium felinum claims the priority of introduction, with us, to any of that numerous divifion, 
in this large family, which are tuberous rooted and itemlefs, not including the G. trifle, G. lobatum, 
or G. prolificum; and of which, although we have given many figures, we ftill poflefs drawings of 
18 handfome fpecies, befides numberlefs varieties. It was introduced in 1/88 by Mefl'rs. Lee and 
Kennedy; is a hardy greenhoufe plant, being lefs fubjeft to rot, after the decay of the leaves, than 
any of its congeners; flowers freely about June, and is propagated by the root; the feed (fometimes) 
ripens likewife. Our figure was taken from a plant, whofe root had been received at the Clapham 
Garden, in 1800. As all the plants figured in the Botaniil's Repolitory, are titled with the com- 
monly accepted names, if any, in England; and, as many have been given under different names, in 
fome other publications, whence much confufion; we (hall defer all attempt at fynonim, till the end 
of this Volume, when a copious Index Synonimorum will be published, of all the plants figured in the 
work, for the ufe of thole who wifli for fuch authorities. 



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PLATE CCXL. 

GLADIOLUS CARNEUS. 

Fie I i h- coloured Gladiolus. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 

TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla fexpartita, ringens. 
Stamina adfcendentia. 



Blossom fix divifions, gaping. 
Chives alcending. 

See Gladiolus roseus, PI. 11. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gladiolus foliis enfiformibus, coftatis, glabris; 
floribus fecundis, cernuis, carneis; petalis 
tribus fuperioribus divergentibus, inferio- 
ribus fupra medium punitatis. 



Gladiolus with fword-fhaped leaves, ribbed, and 
fmooth; flowers pointing one way, nodding 
and fleih-coloured; the three upper petals 
diverge, the three lower are dotted upon 
the middle. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two valves of the fheath. 

2. The Blolfom fpread open, with the Chives in their place. 

3. The Tointal, complete. 



Our prefent plant has a nigh affinity with G. communis, and indeed might, perhaps, be confidered 
as a variety of it ; but, as upon a clofe examination this will be found to differ, in many refpefts, we 
have adopted the name, quoted by Willdenow, from Jacquin, De la Roche, Burman, &c. It is a 
native of the Cape of Good Hope, and introduced, from thence, to us, in 1800. Our figure was 
made at the Hammerfmith Nurfery, this year, being the firft of its flowering in this countiy. It is 
a very hardy bulb, and increafes freely. Flowers in May. 



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PLATE CCXLL, 

GLADIOLUS ORCHIDIFLORUS, 

Orchis -like -flowered Gladiolus. 

CLASS III. ORDER I. 

TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla fexpartita, ringens. 
Stamina adfcendentia. 



Blossom fix divisions, gaping. 
Chives afcending. 

See Gladiolus roseus, PI. II. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gladiolus foliis linearibus; fcapo polyftachio; 
floribus fpicatis, fecundis; laciniis binis 
lateralibus corollae latiflimis, fumma ere&a, 
tribus inferioribus dependentibus, macu- 
latis. 



Gladiolus with linear leaves; flower- item branch- 
ed; flowers grow in fpikes, all from one 
fide; the two fide fegments of the bloflom 
are very broad, the top one upright, the 
three lower hang down, and are fpotted. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The two valves of the fheath. 

2. A BlolTom fpread open, with the Chives in their place. 

3. The Pointal, one of the divifions of the fumrait magnified. 



As a Angularity among its fellows, this Gladiolus ftands prominently diftinft; and the uncommon and 
curious formation of its flowers will, undoubtedly, counterbalance, in the eye of the botanift, what they 
want in brilliancy of colour. It is a hardy bulb, and appears to require only the ufual treatment of 
the hardier fpecies of the genus. 7he Clapham colleftion is, we believe, the only one in whch it is to 
be found in England; to which it was introduced, by Mr. Niven, in the fpring of the year 1801, and 
where our drawing was made, this prefent year, in the month of March 1S02. 



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PLATE CCXLII. 

XERANTHEMUM FASCICULATUM. 

Bundle d-leaved Everlafting-Jlower. 

CLASS XIX. ORDER II. 
SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA SUP ERFLUA. Tips united. Superfluous Pointals. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Receptaculum paleaceum. Pappus fetaceus. 
Calyx imbricatus, radiatus; radio colorato. 



Receptacle chaffy. Feather briftly. Cup tiled, 
rayed ; the ray colored. 

SeeXERANTHEMUM SPCCI0CISS1MUM, PI. LI.Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Xeranthemum foliis caulinis lineal ibus fub- 
teretibus, fafciculatis, longiflimis; floribus 
folitariis; fquamis calycinis lanceolatis, 
pallide-luteis. 



Everlatling-flower, with the flem leaves linear, 
roundiih, bundled, very long; flowers foli- 
tary; the fcales of the cup lance-ihaped, 
and pale yellow. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A fcale of the cup. 

2. An hermaphrodite floret, with its feed, magnified. 

3. A female floret, with its feed, magnified. 

4. The Pointal of a female flout, magnified. 



Amongst the number of very beautiful plants introduced by Mr. Niven, and which now enrich that 
fund of botanical rarity, the Clapham collection, this fpecies of Xeranthemum does not fland the leaft 
confpicuous. Twelve years fince we poflelled but four fpecies of this genus, viz. X. fulgidum, 
X. retnrtum, X. veltitum, and X. fpeciocitiimum; now they extend to fourteen. The others, as well 
as the foregoing, are all (but one, the X. lucidum of Port Jackfon, New South Wales) from the Cape of 
Good Hope, and introduced to us from thence, by various hands, in the following order; X. prolife- 
rum, through Holland, by Melfrs. Lee and Kennedy; X. formofum and X. candicans by the fame, from 
Cape feeds; X. fellamoides by Mrs. Gotlling, of Hounflow; X. filiforme by Mr. Dunn, of Cambridge ■ 
X fafciculatum and X. truncatum by G. Hibbert, Efq. X. argenteum and X. fpirale by Montague 
Burgoyne, Rfq. of Mark Hall, Eifex. They are very fubject to damp in the leaves, from a confined air- 
therefore, fliould be kept in the window, or moll airy part of the greenhoufe. The moll fandy peat 
that can be procured is the belt for their growth. They may be all, thus, propagated by cuttings, 
taken off in the early part of the month of June; put thefe into a pot filled with land, and covered 
by a brll-glafs the fize of the pot; plunge it in a north or eafl border, and let the whole be covered with 
a hand glafs, which mull be kept quite clofe till the cuttings are rooted; then the inner glafs mull be 
removed, and in about a week the pot maybe taken from under the outer one, when die plants may 
be removed into fmall pots in about a fortnight. Our piefent plant feldom grows higher than two 
feet, of which, at lealt, one is the foot-ilalks of the flowers; it continues in flower from March till 
September. 



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PLATE CCXLIII. 

PROTEA LAGOPUS. 
Woolly-leaved, Protca. 

CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 4-fida feu 4-pe.tala. Anthers lineares, 
infertae petalis infra apicem. Calyx pro- 
prius nullus. Semina folitaria. 



Blossom 4-cleft or 4-petalled. Tips linear, in- 
ferted into the petals below the point. Pro- 
per Cup none. Seeds folitary. 

See Protea Formosa, PI. XVII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Protea foliis bipinnatis, filiformibus; capitulis 
fpicatis, aggregatis, quadrifloris; corollis 
intus purpureis. 



Protea with doubly winged leaves, thread- 
ihaped; fmall heads grow in fpikes clofe 
together, four flowers in each; blotioms 
purple within. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The fcales of the cup of one of the fmall heads. 

2. A fmall head of flowers, one of the. flowers open, the reft not yet expanded. 

3. A floret, with the petals expanded. 

4. A petal, with its chive, magnified. 

5. A Pointal, natural fize, with the fummit detached and magnified. 



This handfome Protea we owe to Mr. R.Williams, of Turnham-green, nurferyman, who raifed it by 
feeds received from the Cape of Good Hope in the year \7Q~J ■ It is one of the handforoeft we yet 
poffefs of the winged-leaved kind of Proteas; of which divifion, in this large family, there are now in 
the Hibbertian collection eighteen diiiinct fpecies. This plant grows to the height of three feet, makes a 
verybuthy head, and, when in flower, has a handfome appearance; as there are fometimes twenty fpikes 
of flowers on it at one time. It is propagated by cuttings, thrives in fandy loam, and flowers in June; 
in which month this year, 1S02, our drawing was made at Clapham. 



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PLATE CCXL1V. 

HEMEROCALLIS GRAMINEA. 

Grafs-leaved Day-Lily. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla campanulata; tubo cylindrico. 
Stamina declinata. 



Blossom bell-fliapedj tube cylindrical. 
Chives declining. 
See Hemerocallis cjerulea, PI. VI. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Hemerocallis foliis linearibus, carinatis, grami- 
neisj petalis tribus interioribus raajoribns 
undulatisj exterioribus minoribus, extus 
bruneis. 



Hemerocallis with linear leaves, keeled and 
gralTy; the three inner petals larger, 
waved, the outer fmaller, brown on the 
outfide. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . An outer leaf of the Bloffom, (hewn from the outfide. 

2. The Chives and Pointal. 

3. The Pointal and Seed-bud, cleared of the chives. 



We have little doubt but that this is the fpecies of Day-Lily known to botanifts, fince the days of 
Parkinfon and Gerarde, under the character of a fmall leaved variety of the Yellow Day-Lily, although 
it has been many years loft to the country. It is one amongft the many plants introduced by the late 
Dr. Sibthorpe, to the Oxford botanic garden. As a native of the northern parts of Europe, it is as hardy 
as tither the H. fiava or H. fulva, to both which fpecies it bears ftrong affinity ; although, we conceive, 
futficiently diftiiYft from either, to conltitule a fpecies; which however we fhould not have done, but 
that the plant is now known in our gardens, under our fpecific title. The flowers of this plant laft, in 
General, two or three days before they decay, are very fweet fcented, and as large as thofe of the H. fulva. 
It is increafed as eafily as any of the genus, by parting the roots, and thrives in almoft any foil. 



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PLATE CCXLV. 

IXIA PUSILLA. 

Dwarf blue Ixia. 

CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla 6 partita, patens, aequalis. Stigmata l| Blossom 6-divided, fpreading, equal. Summits 
triu, erettiuiculo-patula. three, between upright and fpreading. 

See Ixia reflexa, PI. XiV. Vol.1. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ixia folii* fublinearibus, coftatis, craflis; fcapo 
biflnro, longitudine, foliorum, floribus dif- 
tantibus, cseruleis. 



Ixia with nearly linear leaves, ribbed, thick; 
flower-ftem two-flowered, the length of the 
leaves; flowers grow diltant, and are blue. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two valves of the (heath. 

2. A Flower cut open, with 'he Chives in their place. 

3. The Pointal, one of the fummits detached and magnified. 



This pretty little Ixia is quite new to our gardens, never having, as far as we can learn, been feen to 
flower before this year. It is the moft delicate in fhape and character of any we have as yet examined; 
and as we could not trace it as defcribed in any author, we have given it the trivial name it here bears. 
The figure exhibits a large fpecimen of the whole plant, which is too weak to fupport itfelf, although 
the leaves are thick and ftifF. Our drawing was made in the month of April, from a plant in the 
Clapham oolleftion, where only it is to be found; the roots having been fent from the Cape of Good 
Hope in the autumn of the preceding year. It appears to flourith with the treatment Mr. Allen has 
given it, a dry fituation, planted in very fandy peat. From the conltruftion of the root, which has a 
hard fmooth lkin, we lhould be led to think its increafe will not be very abundant. 




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PLATE CCXLVI. 

GERANIUM INCRASSATUM. 

Flef/iy-leaved Geranium. 

CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 

MONADELPH1A DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



» 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



MoNOGYNA. Stigmata quinqne. 
Fkucius roftratus, penta-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five Summits. 

Fkuit furniflied with long awns, five dry berries. 

See Geranium crandiflorum. PI. XII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium fo'iis carnofis, inequaliter pinnatis feu 
lobatis, laciniis tridentatis, obtufis; cornllis 
faturate rubris.ftriatis; floribuspentandris; 
radice tuberofa. 



Geranium with fleflry leaves, unequally winged 
or lobed, tegmenta three-toothed, blunt; 
blolToms of a deep red, and ftreaked; flowers 
with five fertile tips; root tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE, 

1. The Empalement cut open, to fhew its tubular ftructure. 

2. The Chives fpread open. 

3. The Pointal, natural fize, with the fummits detached, magnified. 



Our figure, which exhibits a fmall plant, of this fuperb fpecies of tuberous Geranium, was taken 
in the month of June, this year, 1802, at Meffrs. Colville's nurfery, King's Tvoad, Chelfea, and where it 
is ftill in high perfe&ion, this prefent month of July. We have every reafon to believe, from all the 
authorities we are matters of, that this plant has not, till now, flowered in Europe. It forms a very 
large tuberous root, by the dividing of which it is to be propagated; as we fufpecr. the feeds will not 
ripen on this fpecies more than moft of its congeners. It has the fame manner with the reft of the 
tuberous fpecies, lofing its leaves in winter, when they are fubject to rot, if much watered. Appears 
to fluuriih in fjnJy peat, with a fmall portion of rotten dung. 



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PLATE CCXLVII. 

GERANIUM CILIATUM. 

Fringed-leaved Ge?'a?iium. 

CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 






Monogyna. Sligmata quinque. Frudlus rof- 
tratus, pentacoccus. 



One Pointal. Five fummits. Fruit furnifhed 

with long awns, five dry berries. 
See Geranium grandiflorum, PI. XII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Geranium foliis intigerrimis, concavis, lanceo- || Geranium with quite entire leaves, concave, lance- 
tis, marginibus ciliatis ; floribuspentandris; j fliaped, and fringed at the edge; flower» 

radice tuberofa. || with five fertile chives j root tuberous. 

. <g a» 

REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. The Chives fpread open, magnified. 

3. The Pointal, magnified. 



The Angular fhape and number of the leaves of this plant, which are but two, large, concave, thickifh, 
between lance and egg fhaped, and fringed at the edge, conflitute the moft effential fpecific difference 
it poffeffes; the flowers, and other parts, much referable many of its fellows. It is from the Cape of 
Good Hope, and introduced to us by Meffrs. Colvills, nurferymen, of the King's Road, Chelfea; who 
received it, from thence, at the fame time with the Geranium incraffatum, of our lafl. For the treat- 
ment, and increafe, we mult refer to any other of the tuberous kind of Geranium. 



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PLATE CCXLVIII. 

PROTEA UMBELLATA. 

Umbellaied Protea. 

CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 4-fida feu 4-petala. Anthers lineares, 
infertae petalis intra apicem. Calyx pro- 
prius nullus. Semina i'olitaria. 



Blossom 4 cleft or4-petals. Tips linear, infert- 
ed into the petals below the point. Cup 
proper none. Seeds folitary. 

See Fkotea foumosa, PI. XVII. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Protea foliis linearifpathulatis, glabris; capitu- 
lis terminalibus; brafteis multifidis; flori- 
bus luteis. 



Protea with linearly-fpathulate leaves, fniooth; 
heads of flowers terminate the branches; 
floral leaves many cleft; flowers yellow. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. One of the floral leaves or fcales of the general empalement, magnified. 

2. A flower, magnified. 

3. One of the heads of flowers, diverted of the fcales, or floral leaves. 

4. The Pointal and feed bud, of one of the florets, magnified. 



The Protea umbellata has been cultivated in England fince the year 1/77, at which time it was firlt 
raifed from feeds; received from the Cape of Good Hope by Mellrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith, 
at whofe nurfery our figure was taken in the month of Auguft 1800. It is a very hardv plant, and 
not at all fubjeft to the very common fate of its congeners; that is, to damp in the leaves, or rot at 
the root in winter; is propagated by cuttings, to Le made in the month of April or May, and treated as 
directed for the other Proteas. The plant feldom grows higher than three feet, and does not make 
mariy branches; but is of a lively green colour, both leaves and ftem. We have, as ufual, adopted the 
name this plant is generally known by, it having been lb named by the younger Linnaeus in his Suppl. 
Plant. 118, and by Thunberg in his Dilfertatio de Protea, n. 34, and his Prodromus 26. But why 
or how a fmall, clofe head of flowers may be denominated an umbel we muft confefs our ignorance 
in this application of terms. 



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PLATE CCXLIX. 

PITCAIRNIA SULPHUREA. 
Sulphur -coloured Pitcairnia. 

CLASS VI. ORDER I. 

HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC 
Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, femi-fupe- 

rum, tubulofum, bafi ventricofum, trifidum, 

perfiftens; laciniis lanceolatis, ere&is. 
Corolla tubulata, calyce duplo longior, mar- 

ceffens, trifida, demum tripetala; lacinise 

lineari-oblongae, fubere&ae. 
Stamina. Filamenta fex, filiformia. Antherae 

oblongae, erectae. 
Pjstillum Germen fuperum, ovato-trique- 

trum. Stylus filiformis longitudine ftami- 

num. Stigmata tria, contorta. 
Pekicarpium. Capfula ovatis, obtufe trique- 

tra, trilocnlaris; loculis fub-cylindraceis, 

fub-diflinc5tis. 
Semina numerofa, alata, linearis. 



HARACTER. 

Empalement. Cup one leafed, half fuperior, 
tubular, fwelling at the bafe, three-cleft; 
fegments lance-fhaped, ere£L 

Blossom tubular, twice the length of the cup, 
withering, three-cleft, at laft three petalled; 
fegments linearly-oblong, nearly upright. 

Chives. Threads fix, thread-fhaped. Tips 
oblong, erect. 

Pointal. Seed-bud above, three-fided-egg- 
fhaped. Shaft thread-fliaped the length of 
the chives. Summits three, twifted. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule egg-fhaped, bluntly three 
cornered, three valved; cells nearly cylin- 
drical, not very diftinft. 

Seeds numerous, winged, linear. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Pitcairnia foliis non fpinofis, flaccidis, longiffi- I Pitcairnia with leaves without fpines, weak and 

mis; corollis fulphureis. II very long; blofibms fulphur coloured. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement and floral leaf. 

2. One of the Petals fiiewn from the infide to expofe the Honey-cup at its bafe. 

3. The Chives and Pointal. 

4. The Pointal and Seed-bud, the three fummits detached and untwifted. 

5. The Seed-vefftl cut acrofs. 



This fpecies of Pitcairnia was fent in the year 1/99, from the ifland of St. Vincent, by Mr. Anderfun, 
to T. Evans, Efq. Stepney; at whole gardens the plant has flowered, for the firft time, in England 
this year, in the month of April, and at which time our figure was taken. The Pitcairnias are all 
natives of Weft India Iflands, and ftand, as the link, between the Bromelia or Pine-apple plant, and 
the Tillandfia ; to either cf which Genera the firft fight of the leaves, only, would confign them. Five 
fpecies are now in Britain, and we do not doubt, but the fpecies are as numerous, as thole of Tillandfia. 
The cultivation of all the fpecies is perfectly eafy, as they require no particular foil, or management, 
if kept in the hot-houfe; where they grow luxuriantly and throw out, from the roots, abundance of 
fuckers; which fhould be taken off, to encourage the flowering of the central flioot. 



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PLATE CCL. 

IXIA COLUMNARIS. r Q ,^^ or a. 

Cohimfiar- Chived Ixia. Large flowered Var. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla fex-petala, patens, aequalis! Stigmata 
tria, ere&iufculo-patula. 



Blossom fix petals, fpreading, equal. Summits 
three, upright-fpreading. 

See IxiA REFLEXA, PI. XIV. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ixia filamentis bafi cohaerentibus; floribus fub- 
capitatis corollis purpureo-violaceis, maxi- 
mis. 



Ixia with threads united at the bafe; flower» 
grow nearly headed ; bloffoms purple violet, 
very large. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two valves of the fheath. 

2. An intire flower cut open in the tube only, which is extended nearly to the end of 

the threads. 

3. The Chives cut open, magnified. 

4. The Pointal complete, one of the Summits detached and magnified. 

5. The Seed-vefiel cut acrofs. 



We have nothing farther to fay upon this fine variety of the Columnar-chived Ixia than what has been 
faid on the other varieties of this (pedes; but, that it was introduced from Holland with the change- 
able coloured variety in 1/99; and that it flowers the end of June; in which month our drawing was 
made, this year, at the Hammerfmilh Nurieiy. 



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PLATE CCLT. 

LACHENALIA PURPUREO-CiERULEO. 

Sweet violet-colour d hachenalia. 

CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6-petala, infera; petalis tribus inte- 

rioribus longioribus. 
Stamina ere&a. Capfula fubovata, trialata. 

Semina globofa. 



Blossom 6-petals, beneath; the three inner pe- 
tals the longeft. 

Chives erett. Capfule nearly egg- fh.iped, three 
winged. Seeds globular. 
See Lachenalia pendula. PI. XLI. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Lachenalia corollis campanulatis, pedunculatis; 
petalis obtufis, revolutis; ftaminibus co- 
rolla longioribus; foliis lanceolatisj floribus 
purpureo-caeruleis, odoratiflimis. 



Lachenalia with the blolibms bell-fhaped, and 
with foot-ftalks; petals obtufe and rolled 
back; chives longer than the bloflbm; 
leaves lance-fhaped; flowers of a purplifli 
blue colour, and very fweet-fcented. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A flower (hewn from the outfide. 

2. The fame fhewn from the infide. 

3. The Pointal and feed-bud. 



This very fine fpecies of Lachenalia, with its variety, have been figured by Prof. Jacquin in his Icones, 
and Collectanea; but whether from dried fpecimens or not we cannot determine. As yet there is no 
figure, of either, in any Britiih publication. Mr. Williams, of Turnham Green, nurferyman, was the 
firft who had it to flower in this kingdom, and to his kindnefs in fending us a fine fpecimen, this year, 
in April, we are indebted for our prefent figure. It is equally hardy with the reft of the fpecies of 
the Genus, and propagates abundantly by the root; delights molt in a fandy peat foil. 







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PLATE CCLII. 

HEBENSTREITIA AUREA. 

Golden-flowered Hehenjireitia. 



CLASS XIV. ORDER II. 

DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. Two Chives longer. Seeds covered. 



GENERIC CHARACTEK. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, tubulo- 
fum, membranaceum, emarginatum, fubtus 
longitudinaliter dehifcens. 

Corolla monopetala, unilabiata ; tubus cylin- 
dricus, calyce longior, latere inferiore ad 
dimidium dehifcens; limbus unilabiatus, 
adfcendens.planiufculus, quadrifidus, fubae- 
qualis. 

Stamina. Filamenta quatuor, horum duo priora 
fub fauce margini corolla; inferla, extan- 
tiaj duo feriora, interiora, inferiora, re- 
flexa ad latera. Antheras lunares, com- 
preffae, extrorfum truncatas. 

Pistillum. Germen minimum. Stylus fili- 

formis, per filfurarn corollas reflexus. Stigma 

fimplex. 
Pericarpium. Capfula oblonga, unilocularis, 

bivalvis. 
Semina duo, oblonga, hinc convexa, trifulca, 

inde plana. 



Empalement. Cup one-leafed, tubular, mem- 
branaceous, notched at the end, fplitting 
lengthways from btneath. 

Blossom one-petalled, one-lipped; tube cylin- 
dric, longer than the cup, fplitting from 
the lower fide halfway; border one-lipped, 
afcending, flattilh, four-cleft, the clefts 
nearly equal. 

Chives. Threads four, of which the upper 
pair is inferted into the edge of the bloifum 
under the throat, ftanding out ; the lower 
anterior pair is bent back to the fides. Tips 
crefcent-ihaped, flattilh, appearing cut off 
on the outfide. 

Pointal. Seed-bud very fmall. Shaft thread- 
fhaped, bent back through the fiffure of 
the bloflbm. Summit limple. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule oblong, one-celled, two- 
valyed. 

Seeds two, oblong, convex on one fide, three- 
furrowed and flat on the other. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTEK. 



Hebenftreitia foliis linearibus, integris, fub-tere- 
tibus, obtufis, glabris; floribus congeliis, 
racemofis, aurantiis. 



Hebenftreitia with linear leaves entire, roundilh, 
blunt, fmooth; flowers grow crowed toge- 
ther in long bunches, of a gold colour. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A flower. 

2. The Empalement magnified. 

3. A Bloflbm cut open with the chives remaining attached, magnified. 

4. The Pointal natural lize. 

5. The fame, magnified. 



The Hebenftreitias may all be reckoned as rather biennial plants than perennial flirubs; they muft be 
increafed every year to keep up a fucceflion, which is a matter of no difficulty; as, if cuttings of any 
of the fpecies are put into fepaiate fmall pots, and kept from the air by a hand-glafs, for about a month, 
they will become flowering plants by September, if the cuttings are made in May. Our prefent plant 
was introduced in 1796 by Melfrs. Lee and Kenned)-, Hammerfmith, at whole nurfery the drawing 
was made this year in the month of March. They nioftly flower in fpring, and autumn; the flowers 
are very fragrant at night. They are natives of the Cape of Good Hope. 






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PLATE CCLIII. 

TALINUM PATENS. 

Panicled Purjlane. 

CLASS XI. ORDER I. 
DODECANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Twelve Chives. One Pointal. 

GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium diphyllum, parvum, fupe- 

rum, apice compreifum, perfiftens. 
Corolla. Petala quinque, plana, erecta, ob- 

tufa, calyce majora. 
Stamina. Filamenta multa, capillaria, corolla 

dimidio breviore. Antherae fimplices. 
Pjstillum. Germcn fubrotundum. Stylus fim- 

plex, brevis. Stigmata quinque, oblonga, 

longitudine ftyli. 
Pekicarpium. Capfula tecta, ovata, trivalvis. 

Receptaculum liberum. 
Semina pluriraa, parva. 



Empalement. Cup two-leaved, fmall, above, 

comprefled at the tip, remaining. 
Blossom. Five petals, flat, fmooth, upright, 

blunt, larger than the empalement. 
Chives. Threads many, hair-like, fhorter by 

half than the bloflbm. Tips Ample. 
Pointal. Germ roundifh. Shaft fimple, fliort. 

Summits five, oblong, the length of the 

fhaft. 
Seed-vessel. Capfule covered, egg-fliaped, 

three-valved. Receptacle free. 
Seeds numerous, fmall. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Talinum foliis lanceolato ovatis, feflilibus, pla- 
nis; panicula ramofa, terminali; floribus 
rubris. 



Purflane with leaves between lance and egg- 
fliaped, without foot-ftalks, flat; panicle 
branching and terminal; flowers red. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement and Pointal. 

2. A Chive, magnified, 

3. The Seed-bud. Shaft, and Summit. 

4. The Seed-velTel nearly ripe, and the cup. 

5. A ripe Capfule, cut tranfverfely. 
6- A Seed, magnified. 



We now exhibit a plant which may, perhaps, be known by many, under the name of Portnlaca, rather 
than that of Talinum. But. as the adoption of this new formed genus, upon a divifion of the ipecies 
which have cap dies of a different conftmction, from the old generic character of Portulaca, feems ge- 
nerally to obtain, amongft modern botanifts; fuch as Jufiieu, Cavanilles, Willdenow, &c. we fhall not 
diflent; although we, at the lame time, take the liberty to fay, from the particular tendency of the 
old genus Portulaca, to vary in moft parts of the flower, both as to number and character, we have 
taken up the prefent genus, but reluctantly. This plant is a native of the Weft Indies, and is, by 
fome, conlidered a< an annua! ; whilft by others it is treated of as a fhrub; but, indeed, it partakes of 
both characters in fome meafure; for the ftem generally decays down, near to the earth, and often 
the whole plant dies, alter flowering. It grows to the height of two feet, half of which is formed of 
the flower Item. It makes a very gay appearance about Auguft, and feeds abundantly. Our figure 
was taken from a plant in the collection of J. Vere, Efq. Kenlington Gore; where it flowers, annually, 
in the higheft perfection. Introduced, fays the Kew Catalogue, by Chevalier Murray, in the year 
1776. 



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PLATE CCLIV. 

GERANIUM PROCUMBENS. 

Procumbent Geranium. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MOXADELPHIA DECAXDRLI. Threads united. Tent hives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Monogvka. Stigmata quinque. Fruftus rof- II OsePoint.u.. Five fummits. Fruit furniflied 
tratus, 5 coccus. with long awns, five dry berri s. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium caule fubcarnofo, proftratoj foliis cor- 
datis, lobatis, crenato-dentatis; calycibus 
pentaphyllis; floribns tetrandris, corollis 
irregularibus. 



Geranium with tl e ftem rather flcfliy, and prof» 
tr.ite; leaves heart-fliapedj lobed, between 

fcolloped and toothed; cups with five leaves ; 
flowers with four fertile chives; blollbras 
irregular. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalemeut. 

2. The Chives fpreaJ open, and magnified. 

3. The Pointalj and Seed buds, magnified. 



This pretty Geranium is rather a delicate plant, and muft be kept very dry in the winter; as, from 
the fituation of its brandies, which are prellcd to the earth, and rather flelliy, they will be very apt 
to rot, if too often watered, or placed in a damp part of the green houfe. It was introduced in the 
the year 1781 , by G. Hibbert, Efq. in whofe collection, only, we have as yet feen it. Mr. All n in- 
forms us, that it is to be propagated as well by cuttings, as from the feeds, which it does not produce, 
plentifully. It has the appearance, if we may Judge by analogy, to be but a biennial, and not an 
abiding plant. It flowers in April and May, and fhould be planted in light rich earth. 

Here we have a botanical treat for the learned, who have r.dopted the new arrangement of this very 
vagarious tribe; for iD this one plant are united fome of the moll efiential characters of the three 
L'Heritierian Genera, which, juftly, formed but divisions of Linnaus's original genus; agreeing with 
Geranium and Erodium in the nectariferous cup ; with Pelargonium in the bloflbm and feed ; but dif- 
fering from all three, in having but four fertile chives, with fix abortive ones. A f.i£t afcertainrd by 
the examination of above fifty flowers, taken firm four different plants. 



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PLATE CCLV. 

MORjEA northiana. 

Northian Mora a. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIJ MOKOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla hexapetala ; petala tria interiora pa- 
tentia, anguftiora. Stigma trifidum. 



Blossom fix petals; the three inner petals fpread- 

ing, narrower. Summit three-cleft. 
See Mor*a tricolor. PI. LXXXIII. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Moraea fcapo foliifque falcatis, glaberrimis, dif- 
tichis; floribus terminalibus; petalis tribus 
exterioribus ovatis, concavis, pendulis, tri- 
bus interioribus Tub ereftis, medio retro- 
fradtis, apicibus revolutis. 



Moraea with the flower-ftem and leaves fcymi- 
tar-fhaped, very fmooth, pointing different 
ways; flowers terminal ; the three outer pe- 
tals egg fliaped, concave, hanging down, 
the three inner ones nearly ere<5t, broke 
back about the middle, and rolled back 
at the ends. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The whole plant in miniature. 

2. The outer valve of the fheath. 

3. The inner valve of the fheath. 

4. The Seed bud, Chives, and Pointal, as they (land in the flower. 

5. The Pointal only, the Chives being removed. 



About the year 1"80, this very fine fpecies of Moraea was introduced to our gardeus by the late, ele- 
gantly tafied Mrs. North, lady to the Right Hon. the Lord Bifliop of Winchefter ; to whole fervor and 
liberality in botanical purfuits we owe much of the prefent prevailing tafte for the fcience. The plant 
was brought to England by the Hon. Mr. F. North, on his return from Portugal ; the only remnant of 
a number, which he had procured from the gardens of the late Queen of Portugal ; immediately on its 
arrival it was configned, in a very fickly ilate, to the care of MelTrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith, 
who had the good fortune to recover it. 

It is a native of the Brazils, flowers about July or Auguft, propagates itfelf by fuckers, which it 
makes from the root, ihould be planted in light rich earth, and fhould be treated as a tender hot-houfe 
plant. The leaves grow frequently to the length of two feet, or more; forming the appearance of a 
large fan ; the flower-flem proceeding from nearly the centre. The flowers furpafs, in delicacy and 
beauty of pencilling, any of this very handfome tribe, and are as tranfitory as beautiful, their dura- 
tion being but of fix hours, at moil. It feldom happens that more than one flower is open at a time; 
but the plant from which our drawing was made, in 1/97, at lne Right Hon. the Marquis of Bland- 
ford's, then refident at Bill Hill, Berks, was in the higheft perfection we have ever hitherto feen it. 



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PLATE CCLVI. 



IXIA MACULATA. %:;;: r r ' eo floTe 

Spotted- flowered Ixia. Small J' ar - «** * p«rpk 

i J flower. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
T MAN DMA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla 6-partita, patens, aequalis. Stigmata j. Blossom fix divifions, fpreading, equal. Sum- 
tria, ere6tiufculo-patula. || mits three, between upright and fpreading. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ixia foliis enfiformibus, glabris, fcapo duplo 
brevioribus; floribus alternis, fub-fpicatis, 
minoribus, purpureis; petalis bafi obfcuris, 
ovatis, concavis; ftigraatibus bifidis. 



Ixia with fword (haped leaves, fmooth, twice as 
fhort as the flower- ftem; flowers alternate, 
rather fpiked, fmaller, and purple; petals 
dark at the bafe, egg-ihaped, concave; 
fummits two-cleft. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. A Flower cut and fpread open. 

3. The Seed-bud, Chives, and Summits, one fummit magnified. 



This variety of Ixia blofloms about June; and, like the reft of this fpecies, continues in flower near a 
month. It is one of the hardieft, and certaineft blowers, amongst the whole genus, and propagates 
freely; no particular treatment is neceftary for it, but what has been often repeated for the manage- 
ment of thefe plants. 



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PLATE CCLVII. 

FALKIA REPENS. 
Creeping Falkia. 



CLASS V. ORDER II. 
PENTANDRIA DIGYNIA. Five Chives. Two Pointals. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, fub infla- 
tum, corolla duplo brevius, quinquangula- 
tum, quinqurpartitum; angulis medio di- 
lalatis, compreflis ex.tantibu.sj laciniis ova- 
tis, acutis. 

Corolla monopetala, campanulata, crenato- 
deccm-partita; limbo patente. 

Stamina Filamenta quinque, filiformia, tubo 
corolla; infer ta, eredta, inoequalia, corolla 
breviora. Antherae ovatoe, compretfae. 

Pistilla. Germen quatuor, fupera, glabra. 
Styli duo, capillares, divaricati, longitudine 
corolla;. Stigmata orbiculata, lanata. 

Pericabpium nullum. 

Semina quatuor, globofa, arillata, in fundo ca- 
lycis. 



Empalement. Cup one leaf, a little inflated, 
fhorter by half than the blolfom, five-cor- 
nered, five-parted ; the angles widened in 
the middle, flattened, ftanding out; feg- 
ments egg-fhaped, pointed. 

Blossom one-petal, bell-fhaped, ten-parted by 
fcollops; border fpreading. 

Chives. Threads five, hair like, inferted into 
the tube of the blolfom, ereft, unequal, 
fhorter than the blolfom. Tips egg-fhaped, 
flattened. 

Pointals. Seed-buds four, above, fmooth. 
Shafts two, hair-like, ftraddling, the length 
of the bloflbm. Summits orbicular, woolly. 

Seed-vessel none. 

St eds four, globular, covered by a coat, at the 
bottom of the cup. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



.Falkia foliis cordatis, petiolis longiffimis; cauk 
repente. 



Falkia with heart-fhaped leaves, and very long 
foot-ftalks; creeping (tern. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Cup. 

2. A Blolfom fpread open, with the chives in their place. 

3. A Chive magnified. 

4. The Pointals, natural fize. 

5. The fame, magnified. 



«a. 

This pretty little plant was firft found by Maffon and Thunberg, when on their journey together in 
the interior of the country of the Cape, of Good Hope, and was named by Thunoerg after Profeilbr 
Falk of Pcterfburgh. It was introduced to the Kew gardens in the year J 774. Much as it refembles 
Convolvulus, it ftill has a greater affinity to Nolana in all its outward parts, but efpecially in the cup 
of the flower, and the fuuation and character of the feeds. Although the plant is not flirubby, the 
ferns, which are wiry, do not die down in winter, but take root, it' laid dole to the earth. It is 
encreafed by parting the roots in May ; ihould be planted in fandy loam, and kept in the green-houfe, 
where it will blolfom in July or Auguft. Our figure is from a plant which flowered in the collection 
of J. Vere, Efq. Kenfmgton Gore. 

It is rather Angular that the indefatigable, and generally accurate, Willdenow, fhould have con- 
tinued this plant in the fixth clafs, when he had fuch authority, as may be found, page 325, Vol. I, 
in the Catalogue of the Kew Garden (where it unquefiionably has flowered) for the removal of it to 
its proper one, the fifth. It is true, he had reafon to fuppofe, that no man would be ralh enough to 
form a new Genus, without a due examination of the plant, on which he grounds his authority; and 
that, as Thunberg had discovered and named it, his authority was fufficient, and of greater weight 
than any other. But, unfortunately, in this infiance, for the tranfcriber, the defcriber has been mif- 
taken, and has led his followers into error. Indeed, the whole plant in its habit and character has lb 
little affinity to any hexandrous genus, that, although Thunberg might have found a finglt, flower, or 
even a whole plant, whofe flowers had fix chives (a circumflance we have not been able to difcover, 
upon an examination of the flowers from four different plants), in fuch a cafe, as a botanift, he ought 
to have looked farther, before he made fo violent a decifion; and Willdenow ought to have taken it 
for granted the alteration would not have been made, but upon due confederation. 







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PLATE CCLVIII. 

BANKSIA PRiEMORSA. 

Bitten- ended- leaved Bankfia. 



CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNTA. Four Chives. One PointaL 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Receptaculum commune elongatum, fquamofuin. 
Corolla tetra-petala. Stamina limbo in- 
ferla. Capfula bivalvis, difperma, inter- 
jecto feminibus dillepimento mobili. Se- 
mina alata. 



Common Receptacle elongated, fcaly. Bloflbm 
of four petals. Chives inferted into the limb 
of the bloilbm. Capfule two valves, two 
feeds, and a moveable partition between 
them. Seeds winged. 
See Ban-ksia serrata, PI. LXXXII. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Bankfia foliis cuneatis praemorfis, ferratis, fubtus 
albo-punftatis, fupra glabris ; floribus ex- 
terne purpureis. 



Bankfia with wedge-fliaped leaves, appearing 
bitten at the ends, fawed, dotted with white 
on the under p^rt, fmooth on the upper; 
flowers purple on the outfide. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 



1. A Flower not yet expanded, with the germ at the bafe. 

2. The fame open, the extremities of one of the petals magnified, to (hew 

the fituation of the Chive in its place. 

3. The Pointal complete, the fummit magnified. 



The firft plants which were feen of this plant in England, were raifed from feeds, at the Royal Gar- 
dens, Kew, in 1788. It is a handfome growing lhrub, and the plant from which our figure was made 
had grown to the height of feven feet ; it having been planted in the confervatory of the Clapham 
collection, where it flowered, for the firft time, this year, in July, continuing in high beauty near two 
months. It is a plant of moll difficult increafe, rarely that it is to be propagated by cuttings; and 
the wood rots, if laid into the earth. A light foil, of fandy peat, and a fmall portion of fandy loam, 
appears mod congenial to its growth. There are hopes, from the perfedt (late of the cones, that ripe 
feeds may be procured in this country. 







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PLATE CCLIX. 

GERANIUM PILOSU M. 

Hairy Geranium. 






CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MOXADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogyna. Stigmata 5. Frudlus roftratus, 
5-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five fummits. Fruit furniflied 

with long awns, five dry berries. 
See Geranium grandulorum. PI. XII. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis pilofis, pinnatis; foliolis pro- 
fundi laciniatis, acutis; umbella 4-6 flora; 
pedunculis calycibufque pilofis; floribus 
pentandris; radice tuberofa. 



Geranium with hairy winged leaves; leaflets 
deeply torn, and iharp pointed; umbel from 
4 to 6 flowers; foot-llalks of the flowers 
and cups hairy; flowers with five fertile 
chives; root tuberous. 






REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Empalement cut open, to fhew its tubular character. 

2. The Chives and Pointal. 

3. The Chives cut open, and magnified. 

4. The Pointal, with the five Glands, or Honey-cups, at the bale. 

5. The fame, magnified. 



This very pretty Geranium was introduced to the Clapham collection, in the year 1801, by Mr. 
Niven, from the Cape of Good Hope. It is as hardy as any of the family, which have tuberous roots; 
may be increafed by cutting a portion otf the old root, in fpriog, and giving it the heat of the hot 
houfe, at that feafon of the year. It rarely produces ripe feed; fo fays Mr. Allen the manager of the 
collection; and he recommends the planting of it in faudy peat earth. 



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PLATE CCLX. 

ORNITHOGALUM ODORATUM. 

Sweet-fcented Star of Bethlehem. 



CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC 

Calyx nullus. 

Corolla. Tetala fex, lanceolata, infra medium 

erefta, fupra medium patentia, perfiftentia, 

colorem demittentia. 
Stamina. Filamenta fex, erecla, altema bafi 

dilatata, corolla breviora. Anthers fim- 

plices. 
Pjstillum. Germen angulatum. Stylus fub- 

ulatus, perfiftens. Stigma obtufum. 
Pekicarfium. Capfula fubrotunda, angulata, 

trilocularis, trivalvis. 
Semina plura, fubrotunda. 
Obs. Filamenta in aliis plana, eredta, altema 

apice trifido, media lacinia antherarum 

fuftinente; in aliis altema, fimplicia. 



HARACTER. 

Empalement none. 

Elossom. Petals fix, lance-fhaped, below the 
middle upright, above the middle fpreading, 
remaining, lofing their colour. 

Chives. Six threads upright, each alternate 
one widening at the bate, fliorter than the 
bloflbm. Tips fimple. 

Pointal. Seed-bud angular. Shaft awl-fhaped, 
remaining. Summit blunt. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule roundiih, angular, three- 
celled, three-valved. 

Seeds many, roundiih. 

Obs. The threads in fome are flat and upright, 
the alternate ones trifid at top, the middle 
fegment fupporting the tip; in others the 
alternate ones are fimple. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Omithogalum racemo elongato; filamentis fub- 
ulatis; petalis lanceolatis, obtufis, apice 
callofo-inflexisj foliis depreflis, linearibus, 
planis. 



Star of Bethlehem with the bunch of flowers 
lengthened ; threads awl-fhaped ; petals 
lance-fliaped, blunt, thick, and turned in- 
wards at the point; leaves bent downward, 
linear, and fmooth. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A Flower prop. 

2. The Chives and Pointal, the petals being removed. 

3. The Pointal. 

4. The fame, magnified. 



This fpecies of Star of Bethlehem, from the Cape of Good Hope, is a rival in fragrance to the great- 
flowered, or Arabian fpecies, to which it is much affined in every part but the colour of the bloflbm; 
which, in this, is yellowifli, and in that, it is white with a dark eye. It is rather a delicate bulb; and 
to make it flower, fhould be kept in the hot-houfe, where, it will bloflbm about May or June. Our 
drawing was made from a plant which had been received, from the Cape, by Mr. Hibbert, the pre- 
ceding year, 18CO; and we much fear, what has been faid of the great-flowered fpecies, may be con- 
fidered as referential alfo to this; viz. that the bulbs never flower, but the firfl year after importation. 
We have not been able to trace the appearance of a flower, from aDy of the bulbs, this year, which 
has led us to this conjecture; indeed, many of the fpecies of this genus have this character; more 
particularly, thofe from Africa. 

It has flowered at Vienna, and has been figured by Profeflor Jacquin in his Ic. Plant, rar. vol. ii. 
tab. 432. 



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PLATE CCLXI. 

CAMERARIA LATIFOLIA. 

Baft, a rd Mangeneel. 

CLASS V. ORDER I. 
PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Five Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC 

Calyx. Perianthium quinquefidum, acutum, 
connivens, minimum. 

Corolla monopetala, infundibuliformis; tubus 
cylindricus, longus, bafi apiceque ventri- 
colus; limbus quinquepartitus, planus; la- 
ciniis lanceolatis, obliquis. 

Stamina. Filamenta quinque, minima, emedio 
tubi. Anthers conniventes, filo longo ter- 
minate. 

Pistillum. Germina duo, cum appendiribus 
ad latera. Stylus cylindricus. Stigma ca- 
pitatum, apice acutum, bifidum. 

Pericarpium. Folliculi duo, horizontaliter re- 
flexi, oblongi, juxta latera bafeos utrinque 
lobum emittentes, uniloculares, univalves. 

Semina numerofa, ovata, membranae majori 
ovatae ad bafin inlertae, imbricata. 



HARACTER. 

Empalement. Cup five-cleft, pointed, con- 
verging, very (mall. 

Blossom one-petal, funnel-fhaped; tube cylin- 
drical, long, bellied out at the bale and top, 
border five-parted, flat; fegments lance- 
fhaped, oblique. 

Chives. Threads five, very fmall from the middle 
of the tube. Tips converging, terminated 
by a long thread. 

Pointal. Seed-buds two, with lateral appen- 
dages. Shaft cylindrical. Summit headed, 
pointed at top, and two-cleft. 

Seed-vessel. Seed-pods two, horizontally re- 
flexed, oblong, fending forth a lobe each 
way near the fide of the bale, one-celled, 
one-valved. 

Seeds numerous, egg-fhaped, inferted on the 
larger egg-fhaped membrane at the bale, 
tiled. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Cameraria foliis ovatis, nitidis, acuminatis, paral- 
Jelo coftatis ; floribus corymbofis, termina- 
libus. 



Baftard Mangeneel with egg-fhaped leaves, Aim- 
ing, tapered, and ribbed tranfverfely; flowers 
grow in broad-topped fpikes, terminal. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 
A Flower cut open, magnified, with the Chives in their place. 
The Cup, magnified. 

The Pointal and Cup, the fummit magnified. 
One of the Seed-pods, natural fize. 



The genus Cameraria, feems to have been rather haftily taken up by Plumier, as a diftintt genus 
from Nerium; for certainly, the fmall difference in the fhape of the feed-pod, in which coniitts the 
whole diftinclive character of this genus, can hardly be thought of fufficient moment to that end. As 
we have found it, we leave it ; but could not refrain from the foregoing remark, as it appears fo fin- 
o-ular, that amongft fo many who have published the plant, not one fhould have difcovered the fur- 
rounding ne&ary, or honey-cup, to the mouth of the bloffom, and the long threads at the end of the 
tips; two fuch very powerful features, which diftinguifh Nerium, from all the rell of this natural order. 

It is a native of Jamaica, Cuba, and Domingo; grows to the height of thirty feet, and is confidered 
as a timber tree in thofe iflands. The whole plant is full of a milky juice, fimilar to what is found in 
molt plants of this natural order. In England, it muft be treated as a hot-hoafe plant; may be in- 
created by cuttings; flowers in Auguil, and fhould be planted in rich earth. 

Our figure was taken from a plant in the Stepney collection, belonging to Thos. Evans, Efq. 



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PLATE CC'IXII. 

XERANTHEMTJH SPIRaLE. 
fyirai-leajed Btterlofting-Flo &er. 



CLASS XLK. OJIDER u 
tfmENESU POLi'QAMU fft/PMRIWA Ti 






pa wilted. Superfluous Poin tab. 



E&SENTMj: OJEN-Effrc CHARAcTfiPt. 

J/Wmbrtatt», wdiahojwto borate ^^^y- ftaij» *|ty. Bn pa | C . 

' ^ "-*"»**. , ^ mrnr tiled, rayed-, the ny coloured 

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SPECirjC CK A **CTE«. 

ff»*,r«fc*V!*., Mh^ ™ x -,- k „jed ( «wer o^uL C foS 

'fy-iortre. ^ 



«EPERCWCC to TH£ PlATB. 
1 . A n outer /c*l£ of the Empalement- 
4. An H^phrodlte Floret, vfft the Feafher oFthe .Seed. 

3. A Female. PWf, a little, i-n^ified. 

4. The PotnhaLj magniffed.. 



procure Ws tf £ ^ it „ W*U*S JJ^ £ £j ^ ***«■«, Effex, ™ s fhe ' flrf « 
^ the flower. JafH neartW mo^; i«s fhe iLellll dr ™''*& >* "*fe i* fuk 

forid be »„de early fo f prtrigi plarl ^ in » rf * *"\ C * "**»fcd by cwtti * . J«Jf 



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PLATE CCLXIII. 

VACCINIUM STAMINIUM. 

Green-wooded Whor tie -berry. 



CLASS VIII. ORDER I. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Eio-ht Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx fupcrus. Corolla monopetala. Fila- 
menta receptaculo inferta. Bacca quadri- 
locularis, polylperma. 



Cup fuperior. Bloirom of one petal. Threads 
fixed to the receptacle. A berry with four 
cells and many feeds. 
SeeVACciNiuM akctostaphyllos.VoI.I. PI. XXX. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Vaccininm foliis oblongo-ovatis, acutis, integer- 
rimis, fubtus fubglaucis ; pedunculis nudis; 
antherisexfertis; floribus lolitariis; ftamina 
decern. 



Whortle berry with oblong-oval leaves, pointed, 
quite entire, and rather fea-green under- 
neath ; fruit-ftalks naked; tips without the 
blollbm ; flowers folitary ; ten chives. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . A Flower complete. 

2. The Chives and Pointal. 

3. The Chives, Pointal, and Seed-bud, magnified. 



The fpecies here figured of Whortle-berry, according to the Kew catalogue, was introduced, firft, from 
Nmth America, to us, by Mr. William Young, in the year 1//0. It is a hardy, deciduous flirubj 
«rows to the height of three feet; very bufliy, with the flowers but thinly fcattered over it; they are 
white, and deeply cut in the border, which is rather inclined to fpread. It is increafed by layers; 
the berries feldom ripening in England. A light, fandy peat foil, with a fmall portion of loam, is the 
fitteft for its growth; and it acquires a higher degree of beauty, when (heltered from the fcorching rays 
of the fun, in fummcr. Our figure was taken in June, 1801, at the nurfery of Meflrs Lee and Ken- 
nedy, from a plant which had been imported in February, the fame year, from Pcnnfylvania, North 
America. 



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PLATE CCLXIV. 

PROTEA GLOME RATA. 

Woolly -headed Protea. 



CLASS IV. ORDER I. 

TETRANBRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 4-fida feu 4-petala. Antheroe line- 
ares, infertoe petalis infra apicem. Calyx, 
proprius nullus. Semina folitaria. 



Blossom 4-cleft or 4 petals. Tips linear, in- 
ferted into the petals below the point. Cup 
proper, none. Seeds folitary. 

See Protea Formosa, Vol. I. PI. XVII. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Protea foliis bipinnatis, filiformibus; pedunculo 
communi elongato, undo, pedicellis capi- 
tulis longioribus; corollis extus lanatis. 



Protea with doubly winged leaves, thread- 
fhaped; common foot-fialk lengthened, 
naked, partial foot-ftalks longer than the 
heads of flowers; blolfoms woolly without. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Floret, natural fize. 

2. The BlolVom, magnilied. 

3. The Pointal, natural fize, with the fummit detached, magnified. 

4. A Cone, after the flowers have all fallen off. 



In the year 1769, this fpecies of Trotea was firft raifed from feeds; received at the Hammerfmith 
nurfery from Vienna ; they having been collefted for the Emperor's gardens at Schonbrun, and from 
thence tranfmitted to Meffis. Lee and Kennedy. Many plants have fince been raifed, in different 
collections ; and our prcfent figure was made, from a fine fpecimen, in the Hibbf.rtian collection. It 
is rather delicate when young, but not ealily dcflroyed when grown to a foot in height. It will attain 
to five or fix feet, and makes a very pretty appearance, when in full flower. It may be propagated 
by cuttings, but with difficulty, and muft be planted in light yellow loam. 



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PLATE CCLXV. 

CYRTANTHUS OBLIOUUS. 
Oblique-leaved Cyrtanthus. 

CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIJ. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



GENERIC 
Calix. Involucrum polyphyllum ; foHolislan- 

ceolatis. perfiflentibus. 
Corolla monopetala, clavata, curva, apice fex- 
fida; laciniis ovato-oblongis, incurvis, con- 
cavis, tribus alternis apice glandulofis. 

Stamina. Filamenta fex, tubo corollae inlerta, 
erecia, fubulata, corolla dimidio breviora. 
Antherse fagitatae, eredta:, inclufae. 

Pistillum. Germen inferum, obtufe-trigo- 
nurn. Stylus filiformis, longitudine floris. 
Stigma obfolete-trifidum. 

Pericaepium. Capfula fubovata, trilocularis, 

trivalvis. 
Semina plura, plana, oblonga, incumbentia. 



HAEACTER. 

Empalemeni. Fence many-leaved; leaflets 
lance- fliaped, remaining. 

Blossom one petal, club-ihaped, bent, lix-cleft 
at top ; fegments oblong egg-iliaped, turned 
inwards and concave, the three outer ones 
glandular at the end. 

Chives. Six threads inferted into the tube of 
the bloffom, upright, awl. fhaped, lialf the 
length of the blolibrn. Tips arrow-ihnped, 
upright, within the bloffom. 

Pointal. Seed-bud beneatli, obtufely three- 
cornered. Shaft tfaread-ihaped, the length 
of the flower. Summit obfeurely three- 
cleft. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule nearly egg-fhaped, three- 
celled, three-valved. 

Seeds many, flat, oblong, lying upon one ano- 
ther. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Cyrtanthus foliis linearibus, obtufis planis, i, Cyrtanthus with linear, obtufe leaves, flat, and 

oblique flexis, floribus pendulis, tricolo- : bent obliquely; flowers hanging down and 

ratis. three-coloured. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. Part of the Bulb, and the leaves of the plant in miniature. 

2. A Flower, cut and fpread open, with the Chives in their place. 

3. The Pointal and Seed-bud, natural iize, Summit magnified. 



This moft beautiful, and rare plant, together with C. angultifolius, (the other fpecies) were introduced, 
in the year I //4, to the Kew Gardens, by Mr. F. Maflbn, from the Cape of Good Hope. Monf. 
L'Heritier, when in England, procured drawings of both fpecies, and figured them in his Sertum 
Anglicum, tab. 15 and lG, under the names of Amaryllis cylindracea, and A. umbrella: but, as we 
have had formerly occafion to mention our objections, in following that gentleman in his alterations 
of accepted Genera, in this country; wc have, in the prefent inltance, chofe rather the authority 
of Martyn, Curtis, Willdenow, Sec. in preference ; who all have followed the Kew Catalogue in the 
name of this Genus. It is true, Thunberg, in his Prodromus Plantarum Capenfium, P. 1. p. 5g, has 
it lull under the Genus, Crinum; and, as Crinum pendulum, our prefent fubject, was known for many 
years. It is a very fcarce plant, and is to be found but in few collections; the increafe being only 
from the root, and the importation cf the bulbs has been but feldom. The feeds do not come to 
maturity with us, of this fpecies; although thofe of the C. angufiifolius are conltantly perfected. It 
mult be treated as a dry ftove plant, or kept on a ihelf in the hot-houfe; fhould be planted in f.mdy 
loam, and have plenty of room in the pot. Flowers in July and Augult. 

From the choice collection of Jofeph Cowper, Efq. of Clapton, we were obligingly favoured with 
the plant, from which this figure was taken. 



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PLATE CCLXV1. 

PLATYLOBIUM OVATUM. 
Oval-leaved Flat-Pea. 



CLASS XVII. ORDER IV. 
DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Chives in two Sets. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx campanulatus, quinquefidus; laciniis 
duabus fupremis maximis, obtufis. Stamina 
omnia coalita. Legumen pedicillatum, 
comprcffum, dorfo alatum, polylpermum. 



Cup bellfhaped, five-cleft; the two upper ieg- 
ments very large and obtufe. The Chives 
all united. Pod on a foot-ftalk, compreffed, 
winged along the back, many feeded. 

See Platyloeium scolopendrum. Pl.CXCI. 
Vol. III. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Platylobium foliis ovatis, glaberrimis, diftichis; 
floribus folitariis, axillaribus; ramis tere- 
tibus. 



Flat-Pea with egg-fhaped leaves, very fmooth 
and pointing oppofite ways ; flowers grow 
folitary from the infertion of the leaves; 
branches cylinder-fhaped. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Empalement of the Flower. 

2. The Standard, or upper petal of the bloffom. 

3. One of the Wings, or fide petals of the fame. 
-A. The two lower Petals, or Keel of the bloffom. 

5. The Chives, magnified. 

6. The Seed-bud, magnified. 



This fpecies of Flat-Pea was brought from New South Wales, at the fame time as P. fcolopendrum, 
and P. lanceolatum, to which laft it has much affinity; but, we think, poffeffes a fufficient number of 
differing characters to conftitute a diftinft fpecies. It has not as yet been increafed, we believe, in 
Britain; any attempt, to that end, has hitherto proved abortive; from which circumftance the plants 
are at prefent fcarce, and are to be found in few collections. The fame treatment to preferve, and 
render the plant flourishing, is required for this, as for the other fpecies. Our Drawing was made in 
1 801, at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith, who firft introduced it. 



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PLATE CCLXVII. 

JATROPHA PANDURiEFOLIA. 

Fiddle-leaved Phyjic-Nut. 



CLASS XXL ORDER VIII. 
MONOECIA MONADELPHIA. Chives andPointals feparate. Threads united 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Masculi /lores. 
Calyx. Perianthium vix manifeftum. 
Corolla monopetala infundibuliformis; tubus 

breviflimus; limbus quinquepartitus, laci- 

niis fubrotundis, patentibus, convexis, fub- 

tus concavis. 
Stamina. Filamenta decern, fubnlata, in medio 

approximata, quinque alterna breviora, 

erecla, bafi connexa. Antherpe fubrotundse, 

verfatiles. . 

Pistillum. Rudimentura debile in fundo floris 

latet. 
Feminei Jiores in eadem urabella cum Maf- 

culis. 
Calyx nullus. 

Corolla pentapetala, rofacea. 
Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum, trifulcatnm. 

Styli tres, bifidi. Stigmata Cmplicia. 
Pekicarpium. Capfula fubrotunda, tricocca, 

trilocularis; loculis bivalvibus. 
Semina folitaria, tubrotunda. 



Male flou'ers. 

Empalement. Cup fcarcely perceptible. 

Blossom one petal, funnel-ihaped; tube very 
fhort; border five-par ted ; fegments roundifli, 
fpreading, convex, concave beneath. 

Chives. Ten threads awl-fhaped, clofe toge- 
ther in the middle, the rive alternate ones 
thorter, upright, connected at the bafe. 
Tips roundifli, verfatile. 

Pointal. A weak rudiment lies hid in the 
bottom of the flower. 
Female flowers in the fame umbel with the 
males. 

Empalement none. 

PiLossom five-petalled, rofaceous. 

Pointal. Seed-bud roundifh, three furrowed. 
Three thafts, two-cleft. Summits fimple. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule roundifli, three-feeded, 
three celled; cells with two valves. 

Seeds folitary, roundifli. 



Jatropha calyculata ; foliis panduraeformibus, 
apice acutis, bafi inequaliter acute-lobatis; 
floribus atrococcineis. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Phyfic-Nut with a flower cup; fiddle-fliaped 
leaves, fliarp-pointed at the end, and une- 
qually fharp-lobed at the bafe; flowers 
deep crimfon. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Cup and Pointal of a female flower. 

2. The Cup and Chives of a male flower. 

3. The Pointal and Seed-bud of a female flower, without the cup. 



Tins plant, a native of the. Ifland of Cuba, was imported from thence, by Mr. J. Frafer, King's 
Road, Chelfea, in the year 1601. Jt is, unquestionably, as handfome a plant as any at prefent culti- 
vated in our hot-houfes, and its continuing to produce frefli umbels of flowers, during at leafr. nine 
months of the year, renders it, perhaps, the moll delinible. It grows to the height of near three feet, 
producing but few branches. The leaves are extremely irregular in their form, and, when the plant 
is in a fickly ftate, the older ones are fubject to be flightly blotched, on the under fide. Few tropical 
plants that thrive with fo little heat, or cr.rc ; neverthelefs, we have not any hopes, of its ever becoming 
a proper fubject for the green-houfe; but as yet our experience on that point will not permit us to 
decide upon it. Ii fliould be planted in a mixture of leaf mould, rotten dung, and loam; and may 
be propagated by cuttings. From a plant at the Hammerfmith nurfeiy, ripe feeds have been procured 
this year ; they have the exact appearance of the feeds of the lefler Palma Chritli, lint rather fmaller 
in fize and have the fame oily character. Indeed, there is fo little difference between fome fpecies of the 
Genus Ricinus, and Jatropha, that botanilts have been puzzled where to place them. Our drawing 
was made from a plant in the collection of the Right Hon. the Marquis of Blandford, White Knights, 
Berkfliire. 




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PLATE CCLXVIII. 

GLADIOLUS PLICATUS. 

Plait ed-leaved Gladiolus. 

CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

Corolla fexpartita, ringens. Stamina adfcen- || Bloflbm fixdivided, gaping. Chives afccnding. 
dentia. See Gladiolus roseus, PI. XI. Vol. I. 

SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gladiolus foliis enfifotmibus, plicatis, villous; 
corollis regularibus ; fpatha trivalvi; fcapo 
laterali. 



Gladiolus with fword-fliaped leaves, plaited and 
hairy; blofforas regular; fheath three- 
valvcd; flower-ftem lateral. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The three-valved Sheath. 

2. A Bloflbm fpread open, to fliew the fltuation and direction of Tips. 

3. The Pointal,' and Seed-bud, one of the Summits magnified. 



The varieties, generally comprehended as fuch, of this fpecies of Gladiolus, are extended, in number, 
beyond any others with which we are, as yet, acquainted, of this extenfive genus. Already, we 
have drawings of 22; and many more, certainly, there are, even in this kingdom; but we fhall 
content ourfelves with figuring, in the Bot. Rep. 3 or 4, of the moll curious. One of the varieties of 
this plant, has been in cultivation with us iince the year 1 7 5 7> when it was railed by Mr. Miller from 
Cape feeds. The one reprefented in our prefent figure, was received, from Holland, in the year 1794, 
by MelTrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith; it is one of the hardieft, and furefl flowering varieties 
of the fpecies; for there are but few of them which bloflbm freely. The bulbs fhould be planted in 
Ian ly peat, about October, and taken into the hot-houfe, or placed on a hot-bed, in January, to 
encourage a rapid and early growth; by which means, they are more frequently induced to throw 
out their flower Items the beginning of April, which otherwife, often prove abortive. The roots 
lhould not be removed from the pots, till the leaves are fomewhat decayed. 

This is the Glad, plicatus of Linn. Sp. PI. p. 53; Thunb. Dill", de Glad, n.24; Jac. Ic. Rar. 2. 
t. 237; °f tlie Kew Cat. Vol. I. p. 63; Martyn's Miller, art. Glad. 5. and of Willdenow's Spe. Plant. 
T. 1 . p. 220; yet, we cannot refrain from joining in opinio- with the late Mr. Curtis that it approaches 
as near Ixia, as Gladiolus; for the Txia rubro cyanea of the Bot. Mag. is but a variety of this fpecies. 
But we cannot fo readily laboonify our fenfes, with trifling changes, as to think, with a modern 
reforming author, that a new genus was necefiary, in this inflance, to reftify this part of the Species 
Plantarum, of the incompetent ! Linncvus. 



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PLATE CCLXIX. 

GERANIUM LACINIATUM. 

Var. bicolor. 

Ragged-leaved Geranium. 

Two coloured-Jlower Var. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogvna. Stigmata quinque. 
Fru&us roftratus; pentacoccus. 



One Pointal. Five Summits. 

Fruit fumilhed with long awns; five dry ber- 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis radicalibus integris laciniatifque ; 
laciniis acutis ; petiolis filiformibus ; caly- 
cibus monophyllis ; ftaminibus quinque fer- 
tilibus; radice tuberofa ; floribus bicolo- 
ribus. 



Geranium with the leaves growing from the 
root entire and jagged ; fegments pointed; 
foot-ftalks thread-fhaped ; cups one-leaved ; 
five fertile chives; root tuberous; flowers 
two-coloured. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement, a little magnified. 

2. Chives, natural fize. 

3. The fame, magnified and fpread open. 

4. The Pointal and feed-bud, magnified. 






This very handfome variety of the ragged-leaved geranium, is but little different from the purple- 
flowered Var. figured No. CCIV. of this work, Vol. Ill, except in the colour of the flowers, and that 
the leaves are rather more cut. It was introduced the fame year to the Hibbertian collection, flowers 
in the fame month and requires the fame treatment, as the above variety. 



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PLATE CCLXX. 

PROTEA PULCHELLA. 

Waved-leaved Protea. 



CLASS IV. ORDER 1. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 4-fida leu 4-petala. Antheroe lineares, 
infertae petalis infra apicem. Calyx pro- 
prius nullus. Semina folitaria. 



Blo ssom 4-cleft or four petalled. Tips linear, 
inferted into the petals below the point. 
Cup proper, none. Seeds folitary. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Protea foliis lanceolatis, undulatis, rubro mar- 
ginatis, pilofis; fquamis calycis tricolo- 
ratis; capitulo eredto, terminali. 



Protea with lance-fliaped leaves, waved, mar- 
gined with red and hairy; fcales of the cup 
three-coloured; flower head upright, and 
terminal. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Floret complete with the feed-bud. 

2. The four Petals of the fame, with the Tips fhewn at their ends. 

3. Pointal and Seed-bud. 



This Protea, from the Cape of Good Hope, merits the attention of thole who whh. to beautify their 
collections, with dillinguifhed objects; as, it flowers the third year from the fetd, and is equally hand- 
fome with Protea mellifera. The cone for two months before it opens is extremely beautiful, and it 
' is in flower nearly one more; and this, at a time when the plant has, fcarcely, attained a foot in 
height. It is not inclined to branch till it has flowered, but from the lower part of the cone the 
branches begin to extend. The leaves from their hairinefs have a whitifh appearance, are finely 
edged with a light pink, and are flightly waved. It is propagated by cuttings, thould be planted in 
light fandy loam, and flowers in September. Our drawing was made from a plant in the Hibbertian 
collection; to which it was introduced by Mr. Niven, in the year 1 799> amongft the firft feeds which 
were fent, by him, from the Cape. 



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PLATE CCLXXI. 

A S C L E P I A S G I G A N T E A 

Gigantic Swallow -wort, or Auricula tree. 



CLASS V. 
PENTANDRIA DIGYNIA. 

GENERIC 

Calyx. Perianthium quinquefidum, acutum, 
parvum, perfiltens. 

Corolla. Monopetala, plana vel reflexa,quin- 
quepartita, laciniis ovato-aeuminatis, levi- 
ter cum folc flexis. 

Nectaria quinque, tubo filamentorum infra 
antheras adnata, carnofa feu cucullata, e 
fundocomiculum aculum inlrorfumflexum 
rxferentia. 

"Stamina. Filamenti quinque, in tubum, bad 
ventricofum, connata. Antherje oblongoe, 
ereftae, biloculares, membrana inflexa, fiig- 
mati incumbents terminatae, utrinque ala 
reverfa deorfum latcfcente. Tollen con- 
natus in corpufcula decern, obverfe-lan- 
ceolata, plana, in loculis antheras depen- 
dentia e filis brevibus, faepe flexuofis; 
quae per paria annexa funt tuberculis quin- 
que, cartilagineis,didy mis, angulis fligmatis, 
inter antheras, adhacrentibus. 

Tistilla. Germina duo, oblonga, acuminata. 
Styli duo, iubulati. Stigma utrifque com- 
mune, magnum, craffum, pentagonum, 
fupra apicibus antherarum tedium, media 
umbilicatum. 

PtKiCAKPiu.M.FoHiculiduo,magni,obIongi,acu- 
minati, ventricofi, uniloculares, univalves. 

Semina numerola, imbricata, pappo coronata. 
Receptaculum membranaceum, liberum. 

SPECIFIC 

Ascltpias foliis candidis, obovato-oblongis; pe- 
tiolis breviflimis; laciniis corolla; rede.xis. 



ORDER II. 

Five Chives. Two Pointals. 

CHARACTER. 

Empalemicnt. Cup five cleft, fharp, fmall, re- 
maining. 

Blossom one petal flat or reflexed, five parted ; 
divifions pointedly egg-fliaped, flightly 
bending with the iun. 

Honey- cups five, growing to the tube of the 
threads below the tips, flefliy or hooded, 
protruding a fharp horn from the bottom 
which bends inwards, 

Chives. Five threads collected into a tube 
Swelling at the bale. Tips oblong, upright, 
two-celled, terminated by an index mem- 
brane laying on the fummit, having a re- 
verfed wing on each fide, growing broader 
downwards. The pollen is collected into 
ten fmall bodies inverfely lance-fliaped, 
fiat, hanging down into the cells of the 
tips by fliort threads, often flexible, which 
are fixed by pairs to five ikinny twin tuber- 
culps, adhering to the angles of the fummit, 
between Jie tips. 

Fointals. Seed-buds two, oblong, tapered. 
Shafts two, awl-diaped. Summit common 
to both, large, thick, five-cornered, covered 
at top by the ends of the tips, umbilicate 
in the middle. 

Seed-vessel. Two pods, large, oblong, tapered, 
bellied, one celled, one valved. 

Seeds numerous, tiled, crowned with a feather. 
Receptacle ikinny, free. 

CHARACTER. 

Swallow-wort with whitened leaves, between in- 
verfely egg-fliaped and oblong ; foot-flalks 



very fliort; fegments of the bloflbm reflexed. 
REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. The Chives and Pointal, natural fize. 

3. The Chives and Pointal, without the five outer fcales or heney-cups, magnified. 

4. One of the outer fcales, magnified. 

5. One of the inner, upright fcales, which furround the feed-buds, magnified. 

6. The Seed-buds, Shafts and Summit, with the chives attached to the fummit, magnified. 
The Gigantic Swallow-wort, a native of the Eaft Indies, is a very tender hot-houfe plant; is very 
fubjcct to lofe its leaves in winter, and lequires the afliliance of the bark-bed to keep it in perfection, 
la the Kew Catalogue, it is faid to have been cultivated fo long ago as the year KX>0, at the Royal 
Gardens, Hampton Court. To render it vigorous and flourishing, it fliould be planted in rich earth; 
compofed of, one half rotten dung, and the other leaf mould and loam; and watered but fparingly in 
winter. It is feldom propagated but from feeds, which are frequently procured from the Ealt, and 
as often from the Weft Indies. In the illand of Jamaica, it is known by the name of the Auricula 
tree, where it attains to the height of fix or feven feet. Our drawing was taken from a mod magni- 
ficent fpecimen, obligingly lent us by Mrs. Methuen, (of which our figure reprefents but a fmall tide 
bunch), mealuring above a foot in diameter. The plant, we believe the finelt in England, is in the 
colleaion of Paul Methuen, Efq. Coriham, Wilts. 

Much as we are inclined to tread in the beaten path of our predeceflbrs, and, more particularly, 
that of the greateft luminary of this intricate fcience, Linnaeus, yet can we, but with regret, forbear 
an alteration we think fo neceflary, in the clafhfication of this genus. That the clafs Gynandria may, 
or ought to be excluded from the twenty-four, we fhall not be forward to give our fuflfrage, in 
conjunction with fome modern reformers; and, as they term themfelves, improvers upon the Linnaean 
fyflem; but, whilfl it is retained, this genus has flronger claims, in our opinion, upon it, than any 
which has hitherto been thrown to it. Indeed we had fo claflcd it, upon fuch grounds had formed 
its ceneric character ; and had hopes, no one would have difputed our pofition as juft, upon an in- 
fpection of the dideftions annexed to the figure. Yet fearing, by fome, it might be confidered as a 
perplexing innovation; for innovation in all cafes is certainly more or lefs fo, the genus having paffed 
the fcrutiniling ordeal of fo many botanids; we have, reludtantly, for the prefent, given up what, 
nevertheless, we ihall confider as neceflary for fome boldei hand than ourlelves to undertake. 




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PLATE CCLXXII. 

EMBOTHRIUM LINEARE. 

Narrow-leaved Embothriu m. 

CLASS IV. ORDER L 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One PointaL 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx nullus. Corolla tetrapetala. Stamina < Empalement none. Bloflom four-pelalled. 



limbo petalorum inferta. Folliculus poly- 
fpermus. Semina alata. 



Chives inferted into the limb or" the petals. 
A one-celled pod many feeded. Seeds 
winged. 
See Embothrium sericeum, Fl. C. Vol. II. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Embothrium foliis linearibus, fubtomentofis, 
uninerviis; riorum racemis axillaribus; co- 
rollis albis. Semina nuda. 



Embothrium with linear leaves rather downy, 
one-nerved; the fmall heads of flowers 
grow from the infertion of the leaves; the 
bloffoms white. Seeds naked. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Flower, complete. 

2. One of the petals, with the chive at the end. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit, magnified. 

4. A ripe Seed-pod burft and empty. 

5. A ripe Seed. 



D 



This fpecies of Embothrium was introduced to Britain at the fame time as the Silky Embothrium, 
of our fecond volume, plate 100; and has been confidered but as a third variety of it, by Dr. Smith, 
in his Firfl: Number of New Holland Botany, page 23. But the total difference in the habit of the 
plant, except in the fliape of the flowers, has induced us to give it a fpecific title. It grows to the 
height of five or fix feet, not very bushy; abounding through the whole year in a fucceflion of flowers, 
which proceed from the young branches; ripe feed being produced upon the plant at the fame time. 
It fhould be planted in light landy peat, and kept in a dry part of the green-houfe, as the younger 
branches are apt to fuller from damps in the months of December and January. Our drawing was 
made at the Hammerfmith nurfury, in the year 1900, about the month of July. 



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PLATE CCLXXIII. 

LOBELIA PINIFOLIA. 

Pine-leaved Lobelia. 



CLASS XIX. ORDER VI. 
SYNGENESIA MONOGAMIA. Tips united. Flowers iimple. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, quinque- 
dentatum, mininum, germini circumna- 
tuni, marcefcens; denticulis fubaequalibus. 

Corolla monopetala, irregularis ; tubus cylin- 
draceus, calyce longior, fuperne longitudi- 
naliter divifus; limbus quinquepartitus; 
laciniis lanceolatis, quarum fuperiores duae 
minores, magis reflexa^. profundius divifae, 
conftituentis labium fuperius; tres reliquae 
inff-riores magis patentes,faepius majores. 

Stamina. Filamenta quinque, fubulata, longi- 
tudiue tubi petali. Antherae connatas in 
cylindrum oblongum, bafi quinquefariam 
dehifcentem. 

Pistillum. Germen acuminatum, inferum. 
Stylus cylindraceus, longitudne ftaminum. 
Stigma obtulum, hifpidum. 

Pericakpium. Capfulaovata, biloculariis, apice 
dehifcens, cincla calyce. 

Semina plurima, minima. 



Empalement. Cup one leaf, five-toothed, very 
fmall, growing round the feed-bud, wither- 
ing; toothlets nearly equal. 

Blossom one petal, irregular; tube cylindric 
longer than the cup, divided longitudinally 
above; border five-parted; fegments lance- 
fhaped, of which the two upper ones are 
fmaller, more reflexed, deeper divided and 
form the upper lip; the three other lower 
ones fpread more, and often are larger. 

Chives. Five threads, awl fhaped, the length 
of the tube of the petal. Tips joined to- 
gether forming an oblong cylinder, fplitting 
into five divifions at the bafe. 

Pointal. Seed-bud tapered, beneath. Shaft 
cylindrical the length of the chives. Sum- 
mit blunt, hairy. 

Seed-vessel. Capfule egg-fhaped, two celled, 
fplitting at top, girt by the cup. 

Seeds numerous, fmall. 



Lobelia foliis lanceolato-linearibus, confertis, in- 
tegerrimis; denticulis calycinis longiffi- 
mis; floribus caeruleis. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 

Lobelia with leaves between lance and linear- 
fhaped, crowded together, and quite en- 
tire ; toothlets of the cup very long; flow- 



blue. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

The Empalement. 

A BlofTbm fpiead open, with the chives in their place. 

A half ripe feed-pod. 

The Pointal, with the fummit detached and magnified. 

A tipe feed-veffel, cut tranfverfely. 



About the year 1 "86, this plant was fent by Mr. F. Maffon, to the royal gardens at Kew; as we find 
it in the catalogue of that collection. Neverthelefs a (ingle plant of it was not to be found in any of 
our botanic gardens, for tliefe few years back; until the recent introduction of it, by Mr. Nivcn, to 
the Hibbertian Collection in 17S9. It is a very delicate fhrub; grows to the height of eighteen inches; 
branching but little, and producing moftly two flowers at the termination of each branch. It may 
be increafed by cuttings, or from the feed, which ripens in this country'; but, like moft of the fpecies 
of this genus, it is not a long lived plant. It approves moft of a light fandy peat, with a fmall mix- 
ture of loam; and to be kept in rather a fmall pot, in proportion to the general fize ufed for plants 
of the lame bignefs. Flowers in July. 



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______^__ 



PLATE CCLXXIV. 

ORNITHOGALUM LACTEUM. 

Large JVliite-floivered Star of Bethlehem. 

CLASS VI. ORDER I. 
HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Six Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 6-petala, ere&a, perfiftens, fupra me- 
dium patens. Filamenta ban" dilatata. 
Capfula 3-locularis. Semina fubrotunda, 
nuda. 



Blossom 6-petals, upright,, remaining, fpread- 
ing above the middle. Threads widened at 
the bafe. Capfule 3 -celled. Seeds round- 
ifli, naked. 

See Ornithogalum odoratum. PI. CCLX. 
Vol. IV. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ornithogalum racemo longo; filamentis fubu- 
latis, alternis fub-lanceolatisj bnzfteis mem- 
branaceis, ovatis, pedunculo duplo bre- 
vioribus; foliis lanceolatis, acutis, ad oras 
villofis; floribus albidis. 



Star of Bethlehem with a long flower fpike ; 
threads awl-fhaped, alternate ones nearly 
lance- fhaped; flower props fkinny, egg- 
fhapcd, twice as fliort as the fruit-flalk; 
leaves lance-fhaped, acute, finely haired at 
the edges; flowers white. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. One of the Flower-props. 

2. The Chives and pointal, the petals being removed. 

3. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit. 



This fine fpecies of Star of Bethlehem, from the Cape of Good Hope, was first introduced to Britain, 
from thence by Lady Miller, of Froyle Place near Alton, Hampfhire, in the year I ~QG. It is a very 
hardy bulb, but does not flower every year, in this country. It will live with a very flight protection 
from the fevereft frofts in winter; fliould be planted infandyloam; kept rather dry aftcrthe decay of 
the leaves; and only removed from its pot to renew theearth. It propagates by the root, and flowers in 
July. Our drawing was made from a plant which had been received from the Cape, in the Hibber- 
tian Collection. 




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PLATE CCLXXV. 

GLADIOLUS RINGENS. 



Var. undulatus. 



Gaping-flowered Gladiolus. 



Waved-flowered J'ar. 



CLASS III. ORDER I. 
TRIANDRIA MOXOGYNIA. Three Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla sexpartita, ringens. Stamina adfcen- 
dentia. 



Blossom fix divifions, gaping. Chives afcend- 

ing. 
See Gladiolus roseus, PI. XI. Vol. I. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Gladiolus foliis line3ribus, coftatis; floribus rin- 
gentibus, cineriis; petalis undulatis. 



Gladiolus with linear leaves, ribbed ; flowers 
gaping, aih coloured ; petals waved. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The two valves of the Empalement. 

2. A BlolTbm fpread open, with the chives in their place. 

3. The Pointal, one of the divifions of the fummit magnified. 



The Clapham collection we believe to be the only one which, at prefent, poftefies this handfome 
variety of the Gaping Gladiolus. It was introduced, from the Cape, by Mr. Niven in 180O. Our 
drawing was made in Auguft of the above year, but its natural feafon of flowering, if we may judge 
by analogy, fhould be about May or June, at latere. It increafes by the root, and fhould be treated 
as a tender Gladiolus. The flower is without fmell. 



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PLATE CCLXXVI. 

MONSONIA FILIA. 
Hairy - leaved Monfonia . 



CLASS XVIII. ORDER II. 
POLYADELPHIA DODECANDRIA. Threads in many Sots. Twelve Chive 

CHARACTER. 

| Empalemlnt. Cup five-leaved upright; leaflets 

lance-fhaped, pointed at the end, equal, and 

remaining. 
| Blossom. Five petals, inverfely egg-iliaped, 

equal, flaccid, plaited, unequally toothed at 

the margin. 
Chives. Fifteen threads, upright, formed into 

five bodies, three to each. Tips oblong, 

verfatile. 
Poinial. Seed-bud five-fided, fliort. Shaft 

columnar. Five fummits, recurved and 

oblong. 
Seed vessel none. Fruit furniihed with long 

awns, five dry berries. 
Seeds folitary, in a feed-coat with a very long 
awn, becoming fpiral. 



GENERIC 
Calyx. Perianthium pentaphvllum ereetum ; 

foliolis lanceolatis, fub apice mucronatis, 

aequalibus, peififtentibus. 
Corolla. Petala quinque, obovata requalia, 

flaccida, plicata, margine inequaliter den tata. 

Stamina. Filamenta quindecim, erecta, con- 
nata in quinque corpora, e i fingula. An- 
thers oblongae, verfatiles. 

Pistillum. Germrn pentagonum, breve. Sty- 
lus columnaiis. Stigmata quinque, recurva, 
oblonga. 

Pericarpivm nullum. Frudtus roftratus, pen- 
tacoccus. 

Semina folitaria, arillata: arifta longiffima de- 
mum fpirali. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER 

Monfonia foliis incifo-lobatis, hirfutis; lobis 



inequaliter dentatis. 



Monfonia with deeply- cut lobes, hair)'; lobes 
unequally toothed. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement. 

2. A Petal of the flower, fhewn from the backfide. 

3. A Petal of the flower, fhewn from the infide. 

4. The Chives and Pointal diverted of the petals. 

5. The Chives fpread open, to fhew the number of diftinct bodies into 

which they are divided. 

6. The Seed bud, Shaft, and Summits. 

7. A Seed-bud cut tranfverfely. 

H. One of the berries, taken from its coat, a little advanced to maturity. 



The Genus Monfonia was formed by Linnaeus, in honour of the Right Hon. Lady Ann Monfon, whole 
enthufiafm, in purfuing the ftudy of natural hiftory, knew no bounds; and whofe liberal andfoftering 
hand contributed more, perhaps, than any of her cotemporaries, by her encouragement and example, 
to the then incipient, but now fo prevailing tafte for the liudy of Botany. 

The Monfonias are all natives of the Cape of Good Hope; are rather herbaceous plants than fhrub-:, 
at lead, thofe generally denominated fuch; for although the Geranium fpinofum has been given to 
this genus, we have our doubts whether it ought not to remain with Geranium. They are hardy 
green-houfe plants, flower in the months of July and Augufi; are propagated by the cutting fmall 
portions from the roots; and ihould be planted in a mixture of fandy peat and loam. This l'pecie. 
was introduced by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy in the year 17S8. Our drawing was made from a plant 
in the Hibbertian collection. 

It is rather ftrange that Thunberg in the fecond part of his Prod. Plant. Cap. publilhed in 
1SOO; and Wildenow in his Spec. Plant, volume the third, part 1, publilhed the fame year, 
fhould both, in the clalfification of this genus rather with to alter its clafs, as Schreber and Cavanilles 
had done before them, than give it, in their works, under the clafs and title where it was originally 
placed, by the founder of the genus; or take it up on the authority of the catalogue of the plain-, in 
theKew gardens; where, unqueftionably, two fpecies. at leaft, had flowered antecedent to the publica- 
tion of that work. But indeed boih of them, have fo jumbled the different fynonims which they 
have adapted to the three fpecies known at prefent in our gardens under the names of M. fpeciofa, 
M. lobata, and M. rilia, that it is nearly impollible to recognize in either publication the different 
plants under the charactered titles they bear with us. As for Thunberg, he has thrown them all to 
Geranium, under new fpecific names: and thus, has made his alteration complete. Wildenow indeed 
has but changed the clafs, and altered one fpecific title; but by new naming that which is our M. fpe- 
ciofa he has been obliged to give the name of fpeciofa to our prefent plant, and place the fpecific/'//", 
as given by Linnreus to this, as a fynonim to M. lobata, upon the authority of Cavanilles; who, we 
muff prefume, had never feen more than dried fpecimensof any fpecies of this genus. Hut however, 
we fhall not preUnd to clear up the bewildered Hate, in which we there find this tribe of plants; or 
attempt to throw any farther light on a fubje6t that feems to have been, fliort as it is, a complete 
puzzle to two fuch eminent botanifts; but merely (late our ideas, that we think thefe plants were 
fufScienfJy well arranged under the fir ft affirmed clafs, and equally readily to be known by their old 
fpecific titles. 



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PLATE CCLXXVII. 

PPiOTEA S P E C I O S A. 

Var.foliis glalris. 

Smooth-leaved Shewy Prolea. 



CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla 4-fida feu 4-petala. Antherae line- 
ares, inferta petalis infra apicem. Calyx 
proprius nullus. Semina folitaria. 



Blossom 4-cleft or 4 petals. Tips linear, in- 
ferted into the petals below the point. Cup 
proper none. Seeds folitary. 

See Protea Formosa, PI. XVII. Vol.!. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Protea foliis lanceolatis, glabris ; fquamae caly- 
cinae interiores barbatae, apice incurvatae, 
fufcce. 



Protea with lance-fhaped fmooth leaves; the 
inner fcales of the empalement are bearded, 
turned inward at the point and brown. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Seed-bud and Pointal. 

2. A Flower fpread open, with the tips in their places. 



This fine variety of the Shewy Protea might, indeed, alrnolt pafs for a diftinct fpecies. It was intro- 
duced, to Britain, in the year 1/0,4, by Mr. Williams, Nurferyman, of Turnham Green. The only 
living lpecimen in Britain, we believe, of this plant, is at prefent in the Hammeifmith collection. As 
yet no increafe has been produced from it, either by cuttings, or feeds ; for although the plant flowers 
every year, and the feeds in the cone, or rather flower-cup, feem perfect, they never vegetate. It is a 
hardy, and handfome growing Protea, requiring little, attention, and may be placed in any part of 
the green-houle; grows about three feet high, very bufbv, and flowers near the month of October. 



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PLATE CCLXXVni. 

MELALEUCA CORONATA. 

Flax-leaved Melaleuca. 



CLASS XVIII. ORDER IV. 
POLYADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. Threads in many Sets. Many Chives. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx quinquefidus, femifuperus. Pctala quin- 
que. Filamenta raulta longiflima, connata 
in quinque corpora. Piftillum unum. Cap- 
fula 3-locularis. 



Cor five-cleft, half above. Petals five. Threads 
numerous, very long, united into five bo- 
dies. Pointal 1. Capfule 3-celled. 

SieMi.LALEUCA ERIC.EF0LI A, PI. 1/5. Vol. III. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Melaleuca foliis oppofitis, lanceolatis, enerviis, 
glaberrimis ; floribus feffilibus, ad bafin ra- 
mulorum confertis ; filamentis pinnatis, in. 
curvatis, purpureis. 



Melaleuca with oppofite, lance-fhaped leaves, 
without nerves and very fmooth; flowers 
grow clofe to the branches, and crowded 
together at their bate; threads winged, 
turned inward, and purple. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement and Seed-bud. 

2. The fame, fhewn in a front view. 

3. A Petal. 

4. One of the five bundles of Chives, magnified. 

5. The Seed-bud with the fhaft remaining, the cup cut off". 



This Angularly delicate little plant, a native of Botany Bay, was firft raifed from feeds in this country 
by Mr. I. Fairbairne of the Phytic Gardens, Chelfea, in the year 1/92. It is rather more tender than 
moft of the plants we have, as yet, received from thence; requires to be kept in a dry and airy part of 
the green-houfe and watered but feldom, in the winter. It grows to the height of about two feet, 
perfects its feeds, and may be increafed by cuttings; fhould be planted in very fandy peat earth, and 
kept in a fmall pot proportionally to its fize. Our figure was taken from the branch of a plant, in the 
confervatory, at the Hammerfmith Nurfery, in the month of Auguft, 1800. 



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PLATE CCLXXIX. 

XERANTHEMUM FASCICULATUM. 

Tar. ftore alio. 

Bundle-leaved Everlqfting-flower, 

White Far. 

CLASS XIX. ORDER II. 
SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA SUPERFLUA. Tips united. Superfluous Pointals. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Receptacultjm paleaceum. Pappus fetaceus. 
Calyx imbricatus, radiatus; radio colo- 
rato. 



Receptacle chaffy. Feather briftly. Cup- 
tiled, with a ray; the ray coloured. 
See Xeranthemum speciosissimum, PI. LI. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Xeranthemum foliis caulinis linearibus, fub- 
teretibus, fafciculatis, longiflimis; floribus 
folitariis ; fquamis calycis lanceolatis, 
albis. 



Everlafting- flower with the ftem-leaves linear, 
roundifh, bundled, very long; flowers fo- 
litaryj fcales of the cup lance- fhaped and 
white. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. An Hermaphrodite Floret, with its feed, magnified. 

2. A Female Floret, with its feed, magnified. 

3. The Pointal from a Female Floret, magnified. 



— «agr? 



As a fine variety of the Bundle-leaved Everlafting -flower, figured in this work, PI. 242 of this Vol.; 
we now prefent this plant to our friends. Tis true, it may be thought by fome, at firft fight, there is 
too confiderable a degree of fimilitude in the plants to deferve a particular plate for each ; but, upon a 
nigh inveftigation, it will be found there exifts a ftronger marked difference, in the growth of the 
plants, than, at firft, meets the eye; not certainly enough to conftitute a fpecific difference, but un- 
doubtedly a lfrong variety. The flower (terns, in this, grow more ftraddling ; and the long ftem-leaves 
are more difperfed on the upper part of the plant; at the bafe they nearly referable each other. We 
have our figure from the Clapham Collection, to which the plants were introduced at the fame time, 
and through the fame channel as the above cited fpecies; feeds of both having been lent from the 
Cape of Good Hope, by Mr. Niven, in the year 1/99- For all that relates to the management of this, 
we muff reter our readers to the figure jufi alluded to; as its habits, time of flowering, &c. in 
nothing differ. 







50 



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— 



PLATE CCLXXX. 

PERSOONIA LATIFOLIA. 

Broad leaved Perfoonia. 



CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Tour Chives. 



One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx nullus. Petala 4, bafin verfus fiamini- 
fera. Glandulx 4 ad bafin germinis. Stig- 
ma obtufum. Drupa monofperma. 



Empalf.ment none. Petals four, fuppnrting 

the chives near the bafe. Four glands at 

the bafe of the feed bud. Summit blunt. 

A pulpy berry with one feed. 

See Peksoonia lanceolata, Pl.LXXIV. Vol.11. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Perfoonia foliis fubovatis, utrinque glabris, 
craffiufculis, uninerviis ; petiolis brevibus, 
tortis. 



Perfoonia with leaves approaching to inverfely- 
egg-fliaped, frnooth on both (ides, thickifh, 
one-nerved; foot-flalks lhort and twitted. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 
J . A Flower. 

2. One of the Petals, with its Chive. 

3. The Pointal and Seed-bud. 

4. The fame, magnified. 

5. The receptacle, with the four glands at the bafe of the Seed-bud, magnified. 



The very exaft conformation of the flower in this, when compared with the other two fpecies of the 
genus, already figured in this work; is a circumftance but feldom to be found, in plants, where the 
whole habit is fo totally different in each fpecies, as we here find it. This plant, until it flowered, was 
confidered as a fpecies of Canchlum, (one of the Genera made by Dr. Smith from Bankfia,) as nighcft 
in appearance to fome fpecies of that Genus. It has flowered, for the firft time in England, in the 
month of October, 1802. The plant being fet in the confervatory at the Hammerlmith-Nurfery, the. 
flowers have continued to fucceed each other, progreffively, upon the young branches, without inter- 
mifiion, as the fhoot grows, from the bafe of each leaf. It is with great difficulty raifed by cuttings; 
but, from every appearance, feed will be procured in this country; as the feed-buds hive already be- 
come pretty large, and feeds of the other fpecies have matured with us. It was firlt raifed from feed, 
communicated by Colonel Paterson, from Tort Jackfon, New South Wales, in the year 1/95. Sandy 
loam, or a mixture of fandy peat and loam, is the foil it molt, approves. 



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PLATE CCLXXXI. 

METROSIDERA HIRSUTA. 

Hairy RIetrofidera. 



CLASS XII. 
ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

GENERIC C] 

Calyx. Perianthium monophyllum, quinque- 
ridum, femifuperum. 

Corolla. Petala quinque, concava, fubfef- 
filia, decidua. 

Stamina longiffima, libera,, filiformia. Anthers 
incumbentes. 

Pjstillum. Germen turbinatum, fundo calycis 
adnatum. Stylus filiformis, ere&us. Stig- 
ma fimplex. 

Pehicabpium. Capfula catnpanulata, 3 feu 4 
locularis, 3 feu 4 valvis. 

Semina plurima, rotundato-angulata. 



ORDER I. 

Twenty Chives. 



One. Pointal. 



[AEACTER. 

Empalement. Cup one-leaved, five cleft, half 

above. 
Blossom. Five petals, concave, nearly feffile, 

falling off. 
Chives very long, free, thread-fhaped. Tips 

lying on the threads. 
Pointal. Seed-bud top-lhaped, growing to 

the bottom of the cup. Shaft thread-ftiaped, 

upright. Summit fimple. 
Seed-vessel. Capfule bell-fliaped, 3 or 4 celled, 

3 or 4 valved. 
Seeds many, roundedly angular. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Metrofidera foliis oppofitis, bafi cordatis, am- 
plexicaulibus ; ramulis, pedunculis, caly- 
cibufque pilis rubro-fufcis te&is. 



Metrofidera with oppofite leaves, heart-fliaped 
at the bale and embracing the ftem; fmall 
branches, flower-Items, and flower-cups 
covered with reddith-brown hairs. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Seed-bud and Cup, diverted of the Petals and Chives. 

2. One of the fegments of the Cup, (hewn from the under fide. 

3. A Chive magnified. 

4. A Seed-bud cut tranfverfely. 

Although little can be laid in favour of the flowers of this plant, yet the Angularity of its foliage 
excites our attention, as very diftinct from all its congeners. It grows with us to the height of fix or 
feven feet: at which fize, it produces its bloflbms. The firft plants were railed from feeds in the 
year 1/8/ at the garden of the late Dr. Pitcairne at Illington. It is increafed by cuttings, after the 
ufual mode made ufe of for propagating Botany Bay plants; that is to fay, by placing the cuttings in 
the heat of a hot-houfe, or hot-bed, early in the month of March, till they are rooted. It is a hardy 
green-houfe plant when old, but rather delicate when young. Our figure was began from a plant in 
the Hibbertian collection, which flowered in the month of Auguft, 1SOO; and finilTied from one at 
the Hammerfmith Nurfery, in November, 1802. A ihort apology may be thought neceflary for our 
retaining the original mode of terminating the name of this Genus, rather than as it is given by moft 
authors at present. Our plea is that only of priority, and the name under which the plants have been 
known, in our gardens, thele 30 years; liuce, indeed, Sir J. Banks's return from the South Seas. A 
flight miitake we with likewile to notice, in the etymology of the word Metrofideros, as given by 
Dr. Martyn in his edition of Miller's Dictionary; it is there faid to be thus derived, Miflea, medulla, 
the heart or pith of a tree, and mfojpOi iron ; fuppofing the heart of the trees to polfefs the hardnels, 
or colour of iron. Now the true idea on which the name of the Genus was founded, is the (hape and 
hardnels of the feed-velTel, thus ; Mflpo* a meafurej and triSr^os iron, as the appearance of the capfule, 
when ripe, will fully juftify. 







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PLATE CCLXXXII. 

GERANIUM SPATHULATUM. 

Var. curviflorum. 

Spatula - leaved Geranium . 

Curled-flowered Var. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER IV. 
MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. Threads united. Ten Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Monogyna. Stigmata quinque. Fruftus rof- 
tratus, penta-coccus. 



One Pointal. Five Summits. Fruit furnilhed 

with long awns, five dry berries. 
SeeGEKANiuM grandiflorum, PI. XII. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Geranium foliis integerrimis, fpathulatis, fub- 
ciliatis; calycibus monophyllis; petalis re-' 
carvatis; ltaminibus quinque fertilibus; 
radice tuberofa. 



Geranium with quite entire leaves, fpatula- 
thaped, llightly fringed; cups one-leaved; 
petals recurved; five fertile chives, root 
tuberous. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement magnified. 
'1. The Chives fpread open. 

3. The Pointal natural lize. 

4. The fame magnified. 



This fine variety of the Spatula-leaved Geranium is, as yet, only to be found, in the Hibbertian col- 
lection. Its date in Britain is the fame as the G. fpathulatum, of this work, plate 152, Vol. III. We 
ihould not have confidered the curved character of the petals, alone, a fufticient groundwork to con- 
ftitute even a variety ; but the flight fringe which may be difcovered on the leaves of our prefent 
plant, and not in the fmalleft degree to be traced in the other, determined this to be, in our opinion, 
defervinc notice, at lean as a variety. For the treatment and culture of the plant, fee G. punftatum 
of the Botanitt's Repofuory, plate 60, Vol. I. which may well ferve for this. 



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PLATE CCLXXXIII. 

POGONIA GLABRA. 

Smooth-leaved Pogonia. 



CLASS V. ORDER I. 
PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Two Chives One Pointal. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla monopetala; tubus ad faucem pilofus. 
Stamina fupra medium corolla; inferta. 
Stigma concavum, declinatum. Nux qua- 
drilocularis. 



Blossom one petal; tube hairy at the mouth. 
Chives inferted into the middle of the blof- 
fom. Summit concave, declined. Nut 
four-celled. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Pogonia foliis eliptico-lanceolatis, glabris ; flori- 
bus pendulis, minutis, albis. 



Pogonia with leaves eliptically Iance-fhaped, 
fmooth; flowers hanging down, fmall and 
white. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement, magnified. 

2. A Blofibm cut open, with the Chives in their place. 

3. A Chive, magnified. 

4. The Pointal and Seed-bud, natural fize. 

5. The fame magnified. 



This plant from New Holland, is rather more delicate than moft of thofe we poflefs from that country, 
as it is apt to lofe its leaves if expofed either to damps, or much cold. It was first raifed in the year 
1790, by the late Mr. Robertfon, of Stockwell; is eafily propagated by cuttings, and flowers in 
January, or February. The other fpecies figured in this work, Plate 212, and our prefent plant, are 
the only two yet known of this genus. They require a very light fandy loam, or peat foil, to make 
them flouriih. The P. glabra does not grow more than three feet high and flowers the firft year from 
cuttings. Our figure was taken at the Hammerfmith Nurfery. 



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PLATE CCLXXXIV. 

CHIOCOCCA RACEMOSA. 

Oppojite-lea-ved Snowberry- tree. 



CLASS V. ORDER 1. 
PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Five Chives. 



One Pointal. 



GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx. Perianthium quinquedentatum, fupe- 

ruin, perfiftens. 
Corolla monopetala, infundibnliformis; tubus 

longus, patens; limbus quinquepartitus; 

laciniis aequalibus, acutis, reflexis. 
Stamina. Filamenta quinque, filiformia, lon- 

gitudine corolla;. Antheraeoblongae, erectae. 
Pistillum. Germen inferum, fubrotundum, 

compreflum. Stylus filiformis, longitudine 

flaminum. Stigma (implex, obtufum. 
Pericabpium. Bacca fubrotunda, comprefi'a, 

coronata calyce, bilocularis. 

Semina duo, fubrotunda, comprefla, diflantia. 



Empalement. Cup five-toothed, above and 
remaining. 

Blossom one petal, funnel-fliaped; tube long, 
fpre;iding; border five divided; fegmenb 
equal, pointed and reflexed. 

Chives. Five threads, hair-like, the length of 
the bloflnm. Tips oblong, upright. 

Pointal. Seed bud beneath, roundifli, flat- 
tened. Shaft thread-fhaped, the length of 
the chives. Summit limple, blunt. 

Seed-vessel. A roundilh berry, flattened, 
crowned with the permanent cup, two- 
celled. 

Seeds two, roundifli, flattened, and at a dif- 
tance from each other. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER 

Chiococca foliis oppofitis, ovatis, acuminatis; 
ramis horizontalibus; floribus racemofis, 
pendulis. 



Snowberry-tree with oppofite leaves, egg-(haped, 
tapered; branches grow horizontal ; flowers 
grow in bunches hanging down. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1 . The Empalement, natural fize. 

2. The fame, magnified. 

3. A Flower. 

•1. The Chives and Pointal, natural fize. 
5. The fame magnified. 



The Snowberry-tree is a native of Jamaica, and fome of the other Weft India iflands; requiring the 
temperature of the hothoufe to preferve it; growing to the height of four or five feet; but the Item 
being too weak to fupport itfelf, muft be aflifted. It is propagated by cuttings, and delights in a 
rich foil. We are informed in Miller's Dictionary, treating of this plant, that it was introduced to 
us, in the year l"2o,, by Mr. Warner, of London; and that it was cultivated, in the garden of Mr. 
Sherard, at Eltham, about that time. The root of this plant is ufed medicinally, and has a very 
bitter, acrid tafte. It is a very free blowing plant, flowering the firft year from the cuttings; but 
but never produces its fine white berries in this country, which conftitute its greater! beauty, and 
whence its generic title. Our figure was made from a plant in the Hammerfmith Collection. Flowers 
in September. 



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PLATE CCLXXXV. 

FERRARIA VIRIDIFLORA. 

Green-jlowerecl Ferraria. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER I. 
MONADELPHIA TRIAXDRIA. Threads united. Three Chives. 



Monogyna. Spathae uniflorse. 
Petala fex, undulato-crifpata. Stigmata cu 
cullata. Capfula 3-locularis, intera. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 

One Pointal. Sheaths one-flowered. 
Petals fix, waved and crifped. Summit-; 

cowled. Capfule three-celled beneath. 
See Ferb aria Pavonia,P1.CLXXVIII.Vo1.III. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Ferraria foliis difiichis, vaginantibus, coftatis; 
petalis lanceolatis aequalibus, interioribus 
imrnaculatis, anguftioribus, virefcentibus. 



Ferraria with leaves pointing oppofite ways 
fheathing the ftem and ribbed ; petals lance- 
fhaped, equal, the inner ones without fpots, 
narrower and greenifh. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Seed bud, Chives and Pointal. 

2. One of the Chives, a little magnified, as feen from the infide. 

3. The fame feen from the outfide. 

4. The Seed-bud, Shaft and Summits, the Chives removed. 

5. One of the Summits magnified. 



Our figure reprefents the Moraea Ferrariola of Jacquin's Colleftanea 4. p. 141 ; but, as we conceive 
Ferraria a good, and diftinft genus, we have not followed either him, or Thunberg, who has like- 
wife thrown thefe plants to Moraea. At firft fight we did not think this plant poffelled of fufficient 
diftindtive character to be treated as a different fpecies from the F. undulata; but upon clofer 
infpe&ion found it to vary nearly in every part ; in the fhape of the flower, the leaves and the root. 
The fingular character of this, and the other Cape Ferrarias, of making but one growth in two, and 
fometimes three years; is hardly to be traced in any other plants, but confiantly fo in thefe. They 
produce their flowers about July, the feafon of their flowering; the flowers are as tranfitory as thofe 
of the F. pavonia; that is to fay, the duration of about fix hours. Our figure was taken from a plant 
in the Hibbertian Collection, which flowered in the month of July 1802. The Ferrarias all propagate 
by the root; and fliould be planted in fandy peat mixed with a fmall portion of loam. 



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PLATE CCLXXXVI. 

HIBISCUS PATERSONIUS. 

Norfolk IJland Hibifcus. 



CLASS XVI. ORDER VI. 
MONADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. Threads united. Many Chives. 



ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx duplex; exterior polyphyllus. Stigmata 
5. Capfula 5-locularis, polyfperma. 



Emfalement double; outer one many-leaved. 
Five Summits. Capfule five -celled, many- 
feeded. 
See Hibiscus mutabi lis, Pl.CCXXVIII.Vol.IV. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Hibifcus foliis acuminato-lanceolatis, coriaceis, 
fupra punctatis, fubtus tomentofis; rloribus 
axillaribus; calycibus monophyllis, quin- 
quedentatis. 



Hibifcus with tapering lance-fhaped leaves, 
leathery, dotted above and downy under- 
neath ; flowers grow from the infertion of 
the leaves; cups one-leaved, five-toothed. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Cup with its foot-italk. 

2. The columnar part of the Chives cut open, the pointal taken away. 

3. The Pointal. 

4. A ikinny membrane, which furrounds the feed-bud at the bafe. 

5. A ripe capfule, with the enlarged cup attached. 

6. The fame, cut through the middle horizontally. 
/. A ripe feed. 



The Norfolk Ifland Hibifcus is a tender greenhoufe plant; was introduced to Britain, in the year 
1792, having been raifed from feeds communicated by Col. Paterfon, then ftationed on that Ifland. 
It attains the height of 12 feet, or more, becoming a fmall tree; may be increafed readily from cut- 
tings, and fhould be planted in a mixture of loam and fandy peat. Our figure is from a fpecimen 
received from the Right Hon. Lord Vifcount Courtenay, in whofe collection at Powderham, near 
Exeter, it flowered for the firft time in the year 1800; and where alfo the feeds ripeued. 

We have no doubt but this plant belongs to the Genus Lagunaea, of Schreber ; but as he propofes 
himfelf, and as L Heritier as juftly obferves, the fimplicity of the cup is not a fufficient ground, on 
which to found a new genus; fo we have rather given our prefent fubjeft, the name under which it 
is in general known, than adopt a title for it which is acknowledged by the author, as rather 
unwarrantable. 



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PLATE CCLXXXVII. 

STYPHELIA PARVIFLORA. 

Small-flowered Styphelia. 



CLASS V. ORDER I. 

PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Five Chives. One Pointal. 






ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Calyx imbricatus. Corolla tubulofa. 
Stamina fauci inferta. Drupa quinquelocularis. 
Sernina bina. 



Empalement tiled. Bloffom tubular. 
Chives inferted into the mouth of the bloffom. 
A five celled berry. Seeds by twos. 
See Styphelia triflora, Pl.LXXII. Vol.1. 



SPECIPIC CHARACTER. 



Styphelia foliis lanceolatis, oppofitis; floribus 
capitatis terminalibus; corollis minutis, 
albis. 



Styphelia with lance-fhaped, oppofite leaves; 
flowers terminate the branches in heads ; 
bloffom lmall and white. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. The Empalement magnified. 

2. A Flower, natural fize. 

3. The fame, magnified. 

4. A Bloffom, cut open, with the Chives attached. 

5. The Pointal, natural fize. 

6. The fame, magnified. 



This Styphelia, as are all the known fpecies of the genus, is a native of New Holland, and was 
amongft the firft plants which were raifed from feeds from that country. It is a hardy greenhoule 
plant; grows very bufhy, handfome in its foliage, and feldom exceeds two feet in height. It is pro- 
pagated by cuttings, made from the tender fhoots, about the month of April; and treated as directed 
for other plants natives of the fame clime. Should be planted in fandy peat earth. 

Our figure was taken from a fpecimen communicated by Mr. Cuff, from his felect collection at 
Teddington, Middlefex; where it flowered, we believe, for the firft time in England, laft year, in the 
month of Auguft, 1802. 



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PLATE CCLXXXVIII. 

PROTEA CYNAROIDES. 

Artichoke-like-flowered Protea. 



CLASS IV. ORDER I. 
TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Four Chives. One Pointal. 

ESSENTIAL GENERIC CHARACTER. 



Corolla quadrifida feu quadripetala. Anthers 
lineares, infertae petalis infra apicem. Ca- 
lyx proprius nullus. 

Semina folitaria. 



Blossom four-cleft or four petals. Tips linear, 
inferted into the petals below the point. 
Empalement proper none. 

Seeds folitary. 

See Protea Formosa, PI. XVII. Vol.1. 



SPECIFIC CHARACTER. 



Protea foliis fuborbiculatis, glaberrimis ; petiolis 
longiflimis; fquamulis calycinis lanceolatis, 
apice carinatis. 



Protea with nearly orbicular leaves, and very 
fmooth; footftalks very long; fcales of the 
cup lance-fhaped, keeled at the point. 



REFERENCE TO THE PLATE. 

1. A Floret fpread open, with the Chives in their places. 

2. The Pointal and Seed-bud. 



To the Right Hon. the Earl of Coventry we are indebted for the figure of this fuperb plant; it having 
flowered in his Lordfhip's rich, and extenfive collection at Croome, Worceftermire, this prefent 
February, 1803, for the firft time, in England; his Lordfhip did us the favour to order the flower 
lo be cut, and fent to London ; where it arrived, without the leaft injury, and continued in perfection 
many days. 

The magnificence of this fpecies of Protea, can be but poorly exprefled within the limited bounds 
of our publication; we have, neverthelefs, endeavoured to do it all the juflice within our grafp. A 
confiderable part of the luftre of the flower is loft, from the fmall portion of the leaves which could be 
introduced; as the contrafted beauty of the fine broad fliining leaves, which form, as it were, a nidus, 
or around wood for the bloffbm, contribute, fo much, to heighten the beauty of the whole. 

The Protea cynaroides is a hardy greenhoufe plant, was introduced to Britain, in 1/92, by 
Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith, from the Cape of Good Hope. May be increafed by cuttings, 
taken off" the lower part of the plant; where they lhoot out in clufters to the length of an inch or 
more, and muft be treated as has already been directed for Proteas in general. The plant, even at the 
Cape, feldom grows higher than 18 inches, or two feet. 



,7v : 










INDEX 



TO THE PLANTS CONTAINED IN VOL. III. 



Plate 145 Hillia longiflora 

146 Pforalea aculeata 

147 Gladiolus cufpidatus 

148 Lachenalia quadricolor 

149 Struthiola ciliata 

150 Geranium praemorsum 

151 Pittofporum coriaceum 

152 Geranium fpathulatum 

1 5 3 Viola pedata 

154 Echium argenteum 

155 Ixia polyilachia 

156 Bankfia ericajfolia 

157 Cordia Sebeftena 

J58 Geranium echinatum 

1 J9 Ixia capitata, far. Jio. alio, J 'undo nigra 

160 Ariftea major 

161 Hermannia pulverata 

162 Verbafcum ferrugineum 

163 Amaryllis Fcthergillia '. 

1 64 Galaxia grandiflora 

l6e Echium glaucophyllum 

166 Gladiolus abreviatus 

167 Brunsfelfia undulata 

168 Geranium pi&um 

169 Crinum giganteum 

170 Ixia Bulbocodium far. fl. fpeciofijjimo 

171 Hypoxis linearis 

172 Anemone palmata 

173 Geranium rofeum 

174 Antholyza tubulofa 

175 Melaleuca ericsefolia 

176 Crata?va Capparoides 

177 Ixia punctata 

178 Ferraria pavonia 

J 79 Amaryllis reticulata 

180 Atragene auftriaca 

181 Vaccinium virgatum 

182 Malva divaricata 

183 Gardenia tubiflora 

184 Pergularia minor 

185 Pergularia odoratimma 

186 Ixia fpeciofa 

187 Echites 1'uberecSa 

188 Gladiolus campanulatus 

189 Zinnia verticilhta 

190 Geranium aitragalifoiium 

191 Platyiobium fcolopendrum 

192 Antholyza fulgens 

193 Geranium lineare 

Iy4 Hemerocallis alba 

19; Hypoxis obliqua 

196 Ixia maculata 

x 97 Nymphjea cajrulea 

198 Bauera rubi jides 

199 Camellia japonica. far.Jl. rub. pleno 

200 Melaleuca hypericifolia 

201 Aizoon canarienfe 

202 Samyda ferrulata 

203 Ixia olumnaris 

204 Geranium Laciniatum. far.fbt. purp. 

205 Platyiobium laiccolatum 

206 Dracjena borcalis 

207 Mi nofa longifolia 

208 Lafiopetjlum ferrugineum 

2C9 Geranium mclananthum 

210 Antholyza -rtthiopica 

211 Ixia columnaris. far. vafirolor 

212 Pogonia dcbilis 

213 Ixia columnaris. Var* latijiilia 

»14 Weft-ringia rolmarinacea 

21'. Emb ^tnryum falignum 

216 LpiJ-nJrum lincr.L 



Long-flowered Hillia 

Prickly Pforalea 

Spear-fpotted Gladiolus 

Four-coloured Lachenalia 

Fringed-leaved Struthiola 

Bitien-leaved Geranium 

Thick-leaved Pittofporum 

Spathula-Ieaved Geranium 

Bird's-foot-leaved Violet 

Silvery-leaved Viper's Buglofs 

Many-fpiked Ixia 

Heath-leaved Bankfia 

Rough-leaved Cordia 

Prickly-flatked Geranium 

Bunch-floweiing Ixia. Far. white f.. Hack 
bottom 

Spike-llowered Ariflea 

Powdered Herman"ia 

Rulty-flowered Mullein 

Fothergillian Lily-Daffodil 

Large-flowered Galaxia 

Sea-green-leaved Viper's-Buglofs 

Shortened-petallcd Gladiolus 

Waved-flowered Brunsfelfia 

Painted-flowered Geranium 

Gigantic Afphodell-Lily 

Crocus-leaved Ixia. fur. mo/l beautiful /tower 

Linear-leaved Hypoxis 

Cyclamen-leaved Portugal Anemone 

Rofy Geranium 

Tubular Antholyza 

Heath-leaved Melaleuca 

Caper-like Cratseva 

Dorted-flowered Ixia 

Mexican Ferraria . 

Netted-flowered Lily-D.iffodil 

Auftrian Atragene 

Green-twigged Whortle-berry 

Straddling-branched Mallow 

Tobe-flowered Gardenia 

Smaller Weft-Coaft Creeper 

Sweet Pergularia, or Chinefe Creeper 

Deep Crimfon Ixia 

Oval-leaved Echites 

Bell-flowered Gladiolus 

Double Zinnia 

Aitragalus-leavcd Geranium 

Scolopendra-llke-itemmed Platyiobium 

Refulgent-flowered Antholyza 

Linear-petalled Geranium 

White Day-Lily 

Oblique-leaved Hypoxis 

Spotted-flowered Ixia 

Blue Watcr-Lily 

Three-leaved Cauera 

Double Red Camellia 

St. J<-hn's-wort-leaved Melaleuca 

Purflane-lcaved Aizoon 

Sawed-leavrd Samyda 

Columnar-chived Ixia 

Ragged-leaved Ceranium. Purp, fl. fur 

Lance-ftlapcd-lcaved Flat-Pea 

Oval-leaved Dracjena | 

Long-leaved Mimofa 

Rufty WooUy-bloflbm , 

Black-flowered Geranium 

Broad-leaved Antholyza , 

Columnar-chived Ixia. C hmgtabU /1. I'ur, 

Twining Po^onia , 

C ilumn ar-cbived Ixia. Broad-I* 

K'ilrmary-like Wcftcringia 

Willow-like Embothryurn 

Chiacfc Epidcadruirj 



H. H. 
G. H. 
G. H. 
G. H. 
G. H. 
H. H. 
G. H. 
G. H. 



H.H. 
H. H. 

G. H. 

G. H. 

G. H. 

Har. 

H. H. 

G. H. 

G. H. 

G. H. 

H. H. 

G. H. 

H. H. 

G.H. 

G. H. 

Har. 

H. H. 

G. H. 

G. H. 

H. H. 

G. H. 

H. H. 

H. H. 

Har. 

Har. 

G.H. 

H. H. 

H.H. 

H.H. 

G.H. 

H. H. 

G. H. 

Har. 

H.H. 

G.H. 

G.H. 
H. H. 

G. H. 
G. H. 
G. II. 
G. H. 
G. H. 
G.H. 
G. H. 
H. H. 
H.H. 
G. H. 
H.H. 
C. II. 
Har. 
G. H. 
G. II. 
H. H. 
G.H. 
G. H. 
G.H. 
G.H. 
(i. H. 
G.H 
H.H. 



Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

R.-Ib. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Herb. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Herb. 

Shrub. 

Herb. 

Bulb. 

Bulb. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Bulb. 

Bulb. 

Herb. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Bulb. 

Bulb. 

Herb. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Ann. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Shrub. 

Heib. 

Herb. 

Bulb. 

-Aqua. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Herb. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Herb. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 

Bulb, 

Bulb. 

Shrub. 

Bulb. 

Shrub. 

Shrub. 



February. 

Aueuft/ 

May. 

December. 

Augufl. 

March. 

May. 

April. 

May. 

July. 

May, 

March. 

April. 

March. 

May. 

July. 

A-.ril. 

April. 

May. 

Fein uary, 

M., v . 

March. 

March. 

April. 

Auguft. 

March. 

March. 

May. 

March. 

June. 

July. 

June. 

May. 

July. 

May. 

May. 

June. 

June. 

July. 

Au S uft. 

Auguir. 

May. 

May. 

May. 

Augufl. 

July- 
May. 
May. 

J"iy. 

Augufl. 

June. 

May. 

July. 

Aujuft. 

January. 

September. 

July. 

July- 

June. 
June. 

November. 
July. 

March. 

June. 

July. 

June. 

September. 

June. 

>eptcmbcr. 

May. 

September. 



ERRATA. 









Plate 153, 
163, 



:o2, 
206, 



107, 

110, 



Order, dele pdygamia. 

Sp. Ch. I'm. 2, penetalibus, lege, genitatibui. 

Sp. Ch. lin. 2, longiore, lege, iongior. 

Sp. Ch. I'm. 2, enerviis, lege, mentis. 

Ref. lin. I, for, one which, read, one oftvbicb. 

Gen. Ch. Neift. lin. 1, exterium, lege, exterius. Lin, 4, interium, lege, interim. 

Sp. Ch. lin. 2, longior, lege, hngiore. 

Sp. Ch. lin. 1, for, without, read, •wirb. 

Gen. Ch. Stam. lin. 3, afiurentia, lege affurgentia. 

Gen. Ch. Corol. I'm. 1, quindecem, lege, quindeciwi. 

Sp. Ch. lin. 2, uninerviis, lege, uninervis. 

Gen. Ch. Stam. lin. 2, oftodecem, lege, cBodccim. 

Order, for I'ointals, read, Pointal. Gen. Ch. Pift. lin. 2, liaminium, 

Sp. Ch. lin. 1, poft, integris, inf. (,) 
Sp. Ch. lin. 2, corolla, lege, cordlla» 



£*i 



_ 



INDEX 



TO THE PLANTS CONTAINED IN VOL. IV 



Plate 217 Paffiflora maliformis 

318 Embothrium buxifolium 

219 Gladio]usciilpidatus,/ur./)rta/iicri.!/iii 

•2-20 Mafforiia fcabra 

221 Wurmbea capenlis, I'ar. B 

222 Geranium radiatum 

223 Clufia flava 

224 Geranium reflexum 

225 Gnidia oppofitifolia 

226 Magnolia pumila 

227 Gladiolus ringens, I'ar. multifloms . . 

228 Hibifcus mutabilis, Far. flirt plena . . 

229 Magnolia fufcata 

230 Dodonasa triquetra 

231 Cerbera Ahouai 

232 Ixia capitata, Far. sleliuta 

233 Melanthium viride 

23 1 Protea fpicata 

235 Mimofa difcolor 

236 Hypoxis ftellata, Far.jlorc alio 

237 Cytifus tomentofus 

238 Roella dccurrens 

239 Geranium lelinum 

240 Gladiolus carneus 

241 Gladiolus orchidiflorus 

242 Xeranthemum fafciculatum 

243 Protea lagopus 

244 Hcmerocallis graminea 

245 Ixia pufilla 

246 Geranium incrafiatum 

247 Geranium cliatum 

24 8 Protea umbellata 

249 Pitcainiia fulphurea 

250 Ixia colnmnaris, Far. grandiflora . . . 

251 Laehi nalia purpurco-cairulea 

252 Hebenflreitia aurea 

2^3 Talinum patens • 

254 Geranium procumbens 

255 MorEea Northiana 

256 Ixiamaculata, I'ar. miaor.jlo. purpurea 

257 Falkia repens 

258 Bankfia prjemorfa 

259 Geranium pilofum 

260 Ornithogalum odoratum 

261 Camerana latifolia 

262 Xeranthemum fpirale 

263 Vaccinium ftaminium 

264 Prutea glomerata 

265 Cyrtanthus obliqua 

266 Platylobium ovaturh 

267 Jatropha panduraefolia 

268 Gladiolus plicatus 

269 Geranium laciniatum, Far, tricolor . . 

270 Protea pulchella 

271 Afclepias gigantca 

272 Embothrium lincare 

273 Lobelia pinifolia 

274 Ornithogalum lafteum 

•275 Gladiolus ringens, Far. aadutatus . . . 

276 Monfonia filia 

277 Protea fpeciofa, Far.Jbliii gtabrii . . . 

278 Melaleuca coronata 

279 XcranMumum falciculatutn,/ Of, fl.il, 
260 Perfoonia latifolia 

281 Metrofidera hirfuta 

282 Geranium Ipathulalurn, Far. turviflo. 

283 Pogonia glabra 

284 Cbiococca racemofa 

laria viridifloru 

1M I libili u Pan rfonii 

287 Siyphcliapn .itb.r 1 





Apple-fruited Paffion-flowcr 1 1. H. 

Box-leaved Embothrium G. 1 1. 

Spear-fpotted Gladiolus, F.withcriAedpi I alt <.'•■ 1 1. 

Rough-leaved Mafionia .' G. 1 1. 

Cape Wurmbea, Far. 9 G. II. 

Rayed-leaved Geranium G. H. 

Yellow-flowered Ballam-tr-.c 11.11. 

Reflexed-leaved Geranium t.. II. 

Oppolitc-leaved Gnidia G. H, 

Dwart Magnolia G. 1 1. 

Gaping Gladiolus, manyflnoertd Far. ... G. H. 

Changeablc-rofe Hibifcus, Duullc-Jh.u: l'„r. 11.11. 

Brown-ftcmed Magnolia (,. 1 1. 

Three-fided Dodonwa (}. 1 1. 

Oval-leaved Cerbera II II. 

Bunch-flowering Ixia, Starfltwertd Far. . G II. 

Green-flowered Mtlanthium C i . II. 

Spike-flowered Protea G. 1 1. 

Two-coloulcd-lcawd Minima G. H. 

Star-flowered Hypoxis, fFhite Fttritly ... G. II. 

Downy-leaved Cytifus . . . . . ' ',. 1 1. 

Decurrem- leaved Roella G. 1 1. 

Rock-parfley-lcaved Geranium G. If. 

Flcih-colourcd Gladiolus G. H. 

Orchis-likc-flowered Gladiolus G. H. 

Bundlcd-leaved Everlafting-flower 1 •. 1 1. 

Woolly-leaved Protea G. H. 

Grafs-leaved Day-Lily I lar. 

Dwarf-blue Ixia G. H. 

Flefhy-leaved Geranium (1. II. 

Fringed-leaved Geranium G. 1 1. 

Umbellated Protea I '•. I -I. 

Sulphur-coloure ! Pitcainiia 11.11. 

Columnar-! hived Ixia, Large-fiowcted Far. G. II. 

Sweet violet-coloured Lachenalia G. H. 

Golden-flowered I lebenftreitia G. 1 1. 

Panicled Purtbinc II. II. 

Procumbent Geranium G. 1 1. 

Northian Mora» 11.11. 

Spotted-flowered Ixia, Small Far. jmrp.fl). G. II. 

Creeping Falkia G. 11. 

Bitten-ended-leaved Bankfia G. 1 1. 

Hairy Geranium G. II. 

Sweet-fcented Star of Bethlehem G. 1 1. 

Baftard Mangeneal 11.11. 

Spiral-leaved Evcrlafling-flowcr G. 1 1. 

Green-wooded Whortle-bem liar. 

Woolly-headed Protea (i. 1 1 . 

Oblique-leaved Cyrtanthus G. II. 

Oval-leaved Flat-Pea .'.. G. II. 

Fiddle-leaved Phytic Nut 1 1 - II- 

Plaited-lcaved Gladiolus G. H. 

Ragged-leaved Geraniurrjj Two-colaurcd- 

flowa Fan G. H. 

Waved-leaved Protea. . . •■ G. H. 

Gigantic Swallow-wort H. II. 

Narrow-leaved Embothrium G. H. 

Pine-leaved Lobelia G. H. 

(lite-flowered Stai of Bethlehem . <;• H. 
Gaping-flowered Gladiolus, Wavcd-flou 

Far.., G. H. 

I [airy-leaved Vfonfonio G. H. 

Smooth leaved fhewj Protea G. H. 

Flax-leaved Mclali uca G. H. 

Bundle-leaved 1. '/ hiti fat ' ■■ H. 

ived P ribonia c. 1 1. 

G.H. 

G. Hi 

Smooth-leaved Pogonia G. Hi 

11.11. 

G. Hi 

Norfolk Ifland Hibifcui G. H. 

Small-flowered Styphclia (;. II 

/Vrtichoki ! G. H. 



II 


July. 


Shrub. 




Bulb. 


May. 


Bulb. 


March. 


Bulb. 


May. 


Herb. 


July. 


Shrub. 




Herb. 


July. 


Shrub. 


April. 


Shrub. 


September. 


Bulb. 


May. 


Shrub. 




Shrub. 


April. 


Shrub. 


March. 


Shrub. 


July. 


Bulb. 


May. 


Bulb. 


July. 


Shrub. 


M ty. 


Shrub. 


September. 


Bulb. 


April. 


Shrub. 


Auguft. 


Ann. 


Auguft. 


Herb. 


June. 


Bulb. 


Way. 


Bulb. 


March. 


Shrub 


May. 


Shrub. 


J une. 


Herb. 


June. 


Bulb. 


April. 


Herb. 


July. 


Herb. 


July. 


Shrub. 


Auguft. 


Herb. 


April. 


Bulb. 


June. 


Bulb. 


April. 


Shi 1). 


Auguft. 


Ann. 


Auguft 


Shrub. 


May. 


11 -,;,. 


July. 


Bulb. 


June. 


Herb, 


Auguft. 


Shrub. 


July. 


Herb. 


July. 


Bulb. 


June. 


Shrub. 


Auguft. 


Shrub. 


July. 


Slliub. 


June. 


Shrub. 




Bulb. 


July. 


Shrub. 


July. 


Shrub. 


July. 


Bulb. 


May. 


Herb. 


July. 


Shrub. 


Septembei 


Shrub. 


An Uft. 


Shrub. 


July. 


Shrub. 


July. 


Bulb. 


July. 


Bulb. 


June. 


Herb. 


July. 


Shrub 








Shrub 




Shrub 




Shrub 


Novembi 1 


Herb 


July. 


Shrub 


March. 


Shrub 


July. 




Jl ly. 


Shrub 


Auguft. 


Shrub 


M ty. 







m 






ERRATA. 

Plate 217, Paffiflora maliformis. For Plate CCVII, put, CCXVII. 

218, To No. 1 ami 2 of the reference to the plate, add, magnified. 

226, Gen. Char. Chives, line 4, for, fixed on fide, read.yijeiz opi eachj!de. 

233, For, Order I, read, Order 111, for monygynia, read, trizynia, and for One Pointa!. 

read, Three Pointals. BloiVom, after claws put a comma. 
235, Englifh name. For, two coloured leaved, read, tu-o-coloured-leavcd. 
245, Char. Spec, line 2, dele (,) poft longitudine. 
257, Gen. Char. Pift. Pro Germen, lege, Gcrmina. 
270, Specific Char, line 3, for flower head, read,j?o«er-rifatf. 
276, Gen. Char. Corolla. Poft obovata pone comma. 
282, Geranium fpathulatum, for, Plate CCLXX, put, CCLXXXIl 









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