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4ee  fo^e  2?  — 

Vol.  xci 

January  4,  1969 

No.  1 



Editor  of  Publicatdons   Rev.  Spencer  Gemtle 

Board  of  Editorial  Consultants 

Woman's  Missionary  Society 

Mrs.  Cliarlene  Rowser 
National  Laymen's  Organization 

Mr.  Floyd  Benshoff 

Missionary  Boatxi   Mrs.  Marion  M,  Mellinger 

Sisterhood   Miss  Kathy  Miller 

Board  of  Ohristian  Education: 

Youth  Commission Miss  Beverly  Summy 

Adult  Commission   Rev.  Fred  Burkey 

Published  biweekly    (twenty-six  issues  per  year) 


524  College  Avenue 

Ashland,  Ohio  44805 

Phone:  323-7374 

Terms  of  Subscription: 

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Change  of  Address:  In  ordering  change  of  ad- 
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Prudential  Conunittee: 

Elton  Whitted,  President;  Riohai-d  Poorbaugh, 
Vice  President;   Rev.   George  W.  Solomon. 

\n    This    Issue: 

Notes  and  Comments   2 

Editorial:    "Loser  of  the  Day"   3 

The  Board  of  Christian  Education   4 

The  Missionary  Board    7 

"Paradise  Regained" 

by  Rev.  R.  Glen  Traver  10 

"Religion  in  Review" 

by  Norman  B.  Rohrer   14 

"Love's  Description" 

l)y  Rev.  Kent  Bennett   16 

News  from  the  Brethren  20 

Report  of  Chiu-ches  21 

"SDS  Is  Alive  and  Doing  Well"   24 

The  Brethren  Layman   25 

"Finding  the  Boat  into  HistO'ry's  Mainstream  — 
a  Report  on  the  Conference  of  Historic 
Peace  Churches" 
by  Maynard  Shelly   28 

World  Religious  News  in  Review  30 



AS  OF  JANUARY  1,  1969,  Mrs.  George 
(Jessie)  Solomon  has  resigned  her  po- 
sition as  clerk  in  tlie  bookstore.  Since  May  of 
1967  Mrs.  Solomon  has  worked  in  the  store 
and  was  in  charge  of  the  Sunday  school  or- 
ders from  the  local  churches. 

To  take  her  place,  Mrs.  Spencer  (Eleanor) 
Gentle  has  been  hired.    She  has  been  work-: 
ing  in  the  store  since  December  1,  1968,  and' 
is  becoming  well  acquainted  with  the  work. 
She  assisted  in  mailing  out  the  Sunday  school 
orders  for  the  present  quai-ter,  thus  becom- 
ing acquainted  with  the  stock  room  and  the 
code  numbers  of  the  material.    Mrs.  Gentle 
has  worked  part  time  for  the  past  few  years 
in  the  print  shop  mailing  out  The  Brethren i 
EvangeUst  and  the  adult  quarterlies. 


Sometimes  I  feel  inclined  to  boast, 

"I'm  really  pretty  good. 
I  tiy  to  treat  my  fellowmen 

The  way  a  Christian  should. 

"I  love  my  neighbor  as  myself. 

I  serve  the  living  God. 
I  walk  the  paths  where  Jesus'  feet 

With  painful  steps  have  trod. 

"I  really  Jiaven't  many  faults. 

And  what  I  have  are  small," 
I  swell  my  chest  and  in  my  pride 

I'm  feeling  ten  feet  tall. 

And  then  I  take  another  look 

Down  deep  withm  my  heart, 
I  see  haw  much  I've  fallen  short; 

How  far  I've  missed  the  mark. 

My  i-ighteousness?    As  fUthy  rags, 

When  seen  in  God's  pure  light. 
I've  such  a  long,  long  way  to  go. 

Lord,  help  me  w'm  the  fight, 

Norman  McPherson 

January  4,   1969 

Page  Thre« 



''Loser  of  the  ©i 


T^HE  LOSER  of  the  day  is  Mrs.  Madalyn  E. 
*■  Mayes  Murray  O'Hair.  Coming-  in  to  the  of- 
fice tliis  morning  we  were  listening  to  a  Detroit, 
Michigan,  radio  program  whose  announcer  always 
names  the  "loser  for  the  day."  Today  Mrs.  O'Hair 
was  given  the  honor. 

Mrs.  O'Hair  was  disturbed  because  the  Astro- 
nauts, as  they  orbited  the  moon,  read  such  "drib- 
ble from  Genesis."  She  bemoaned  the  fact  that 
we  citizens  paid  millions  of  dollai-s  for  this  great 
ichievement  then  had  to  be  insulted  by  having 
this  "dribble"  read.  She  was  disgusted  to  think 
that  these  men  would  give  glory  to  a  "non-existing 
jod"  instead  of  to  the  technicians  who,  because 
jf  their  intelligence,  conceived  and  created  the  ma- 
chine that  orbited  the  moon.  She  was  asking  that 
etters  of  protest  be  written  to  the  space  agency 
xnd  to  congressmen. 

The  announcer  on  the  radio  station  commented 
;hat  these  men  were  not  011  the  earth  and  there- 
fore they  had  the  privilege  to  read  what  they  de- 
sired, and  certainly  the  Scripture  which  they  read 
ivas  most  appropriate  for  the  occasion.  In  an- 
louncing  Mrs.  O'Hair  as  the  "loser  of  the  day"  he 
ilso  said:  "boo  to  you,  Mrs.  O'Hair!" 

This  woman  is  the  loser  because  she  refuses  to 
•ecognize  certain  realities  of  life. 

First  of  all,  regai'dless  of  what  she  has  to  say, 
:he  Word  of  God  will  stand  through  eternity.  The 
A'ords  which  these  Astronauts  read  have  always 
Deen    true    and    they    will    continue    to    be    true 

throughout  eternity.    This  is  a  fact  of  life  and 
those  who  do  not  believe  it  will  he  the  losers  I 

Second,  God  created  man  and  He  is  the  One 
who  gave  man  the  intelligence  to  discover  the 
laws  of  the  universe  to  use  them  for  his  own  good. 
And  let  it  be  said  that  God  allows  these  "miracles 
of  invention"  as  He  pleases,  not  at  man's  time- 
table. There  are  those  who  feel  that  we  should 
not  attempt  going  to  the  moon  and  they  even  find 
reason  in  the  Scripture  for  this  belief.  We  Chris- 
tians should  remember  that  God  will  allow  us  to 
get  to  the  moon  if  in  His  wisdom  and  in  His  plan 
for  us  He  desires  it.  If  not,  man  will  never  make 
it  there!  All  of  this  is  in  God's  hands.  Tliose  who 
do  not  believe  this  are  the  losers! 

Third,  we  should  be  most  thankful  that  we  have 
such  men  as  the  Astronauts  who  believe  in  God! 
lAIen  who  believe  that  God  did  create  the  universe 
and  who  can  see  the  handiwork  of  God's  hands  as 
tiiey  soar  around  the  moon!  These  men  ai-e  the 
winners ! 

As  this  is  being  written  news  has  come  that  the 
Astronauts  have  landed  safely;  how  thankful  we 
should  be  that  God  has  answered  our  prayers  in 
their  behalf!  The  reality  of  answered  prayers  is 
something  else  that  Mrs.  O'Hair  cannot  accept  as 
a  reality  of  life.  Again,  she  is  the  loser! 

As  Christians  we  should  grieve  for  the  soul  of 
this  woman !  Let  us  remember  her  in  our  prayers, 
often ! 

Page   I  "our 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 



The  New  Arizona  Brethren 
(ABC)  Camp 

The  1968-69  National  Brethren  Youth  Project  —  "Cash  fm-  Camp"  — 
in  well  uiiderioay.  Many  youth  groups  are  hard  at  work  raising  the\ 
$14,000  fjual  for  this  project.  Below  is  an  histo7ic  account  of  the  ABC. 
Camp  decelopinent.   In  fulure  issues  !Jou  ivill  see  pictures  and  accountsi 

of  the  new  camp  site.  j 

October,  1966  —  The  ABC  "District"  Camp  Committee, 
composed  of  members  from  the  Tempe  (Papago  Park) 
and  Tucson  Brethren  Churches,  discussed  the  need  of 
better  facilities  for  the  growing  number  of  campers,  es- 
pecially in  the  Junior  and  Junior  High  age  groups.  The 
High  School  youth  love  the  climate  and  beauty  of  the 
mountain  scenery,  the  old  barn  where  activities  are  held 
during  tlie  seasonal  rains,  and  the  rushing  sound  of  the 
deep-banked  creek  that  flows  right  through  the  camp 
in  back  of  the  cabins.  However,  the  creek  poses  a  prob- 
lem of  how  to  keep  the  Juniors  out  of  the  ditch.  The 
clear  flowing  waters  through,  over  and  aroiund  the  stones, 
and  the  small  fish  are  a  natural  temptation  that  capture 
the  imagination,  especially  of  boys!  Too  many  sore 
throats  result  from  the  accidental  (?)  dunkings,  besides 
the  cool,  rainy  evenings.  Nurse  Bai-bara  Craft  is  swamp- 
ed with  caretaking  of  temporai-y  invalids. 

February  5,  1967  —  A  report  had  been  given  stating 
that  in  the  fall  of  1966  several  members  of  the  ABC 
Camp  Committee  and  interested  persons  had  investigated 
several  leads  concerning  possible  campsites.  One  place 
seemed  particularly  atti-active;  a  ti^act  of  hilly,  ixicky 
land,  covered  with  beautiful  scrub  oak  trees  near  a 
newly-developed  lake  area,  was  available  for  lease  from 
the  government.  A  committee  was  appointed  to  investi- 

June  35,  1967  -  -  A  report  on  an  initial  investigation 
of  the  government  property  (65  miles  south  of  Tucson) 
near  Parker  Canyon  Lake  revealed  that  5  to  10  acres 
of  land  was  available  on  an  indefinite  time  lease  plan. 
The  government  would  help  develop  the  area  for  camp 
use  if  we  pro\ide  the  buildings  and  access  road.  It  looked 
a  little  discouraging  because  of  the  Umited  amount  of 
land.  Also,  I'eports  indicated  that  the  Federal  Go\'ern- 
ment  had  issued  99-year  conti-acts  to  other  organizations, 
then  later  issued  eviction  notices,  giving  ten  years  to 
evacuate  the  area.  This  we  didn't  want  to  happen  to  us! 
What  about  the  buildings,  etc.? 

September,  1967  —  The  ABC  Camp  Committee  gener- 
ally agreed  that  the  solution  to  our  problem  would  be  the 
acquisition  of  our  own  property  to  develop  as  we  see  our 
needs  increase.  Some  properties  were  discussed,  and 
picture  slides  were  shown  of  the  areas  under  discussion. 
iVIore  definite  ideas  were  needed,  and  it  was  moved  to 
proceed  with  this  plan,  and  bring  back  future  reports 
with  more  specific  plans  for  acquiring  a  property. 

February  H,  1968  —  Bailey  Battiste,  chairman  of  the 
investigating  committee,  reported  that  a  property  near 
Patagonia  was  for  sale.  It  was  a  25  acre  plot  of  ground, 
fenced  in,  a  200  foot  well  hole  (without  water)  had  been 
abandoned  on  the  property.  A  very  beautiful  piece  of 
land,  for  sale  tor  $7,000.  This  was  for  20  acres,  leaving 
5  acres  for  the  owner's  own  use.  i 

Seven-Man  Backing  Group,  and  a  Private  Lender.  After 
an  individual  offered  to  lend  $8,000  for  the  purchase  of 
the  campsite  and  finish  drilling  a  well  on  the  site,  seven; 
men  from  the  Tucson  Brethren  Church  banded  together 
to  back  the  pix>ject  of  buying  the  property,  guaranteeing- 
the  annual  interest  on  the  loan,  and  finishing  the  drilling 
for   water.     The   property    was    immediately    purchased 
( March,    19(38)    the  owTier   lowering  his  price   to  $6,750 
and  throwing  in  the  entire  25  acres.   Tiiis  we  understoo<: 
as  the  blessing  and  approval  of  the  project  by  the  Lord 
himself!    In  faith,  we  took  on  the  wonderful  project  an( 
reix»rted   at  our  Third  Annual  Arizona  Conference  neai 
Casa  Grande,  in  April,  1968,  that  the  property  had  beer! 
purchased.    By  camp  time,   1968,   water  had  been  fount 
on  the  property  at  350  feet.   The  bill  for  drilling  came  tc 
$3,550.    This  meant  we  needed  more  money,  even  to  paj 
the   balance,    and   some   extra  cash   for   operating.     (W(' 
camped,    as  in  previous   years,    in   1968   at   our   familial 
campgrounds  near  Kohls  Ranch,  Arizona.) 


The  1969  BYC  Conference  Project  was  adopted:  at 
tempt  to  raise  $14,000  for  the  ABC  Camp!  The  new,' 
thrilled  and  amazed  leaders  of  the  ABC  Camp!  Thin 
amount  would  offset  our  present  investment  and  bu;i 
equipment  to  start  developing  the  camp!  It  might  evei 
help  erect  the  first  basic  building!!  We  could  have  hope< 
for  such  a  project  maybe  in  the  future  —  not  even  tha 
much!  —  but  for  1969!  Another  blessing  of  the  Lon 
and  sign  of  His  approval!  Brethren  Youth,  you  hav 
no  idea  how  much  you  have  entered  the  project  of  deve'i 
oping  Arizona  Brethren  Oamp,  tx>  say  nothing  of  aidtn.i 
the  Southwest  District  Conference!  (We  still  say  it  i) 

—  Submitted  by  Clarence  StogsdU; 
Pastor,  Tucson  Brethren  Chui"Ch,  an 
Conference  Moderator  (Southwest),  196' 
December  12,  196' 

January  4,   1969 

Page  Five 


The  staff  has  fellowship   "after  hours"  — 
1965  —  In  the  "kitchen."  L  to  R:  Duane 
Dickson,   Jan   Sayman,   Clara   Flory, 
Lawrence  Parker,  Helen  Dickson,   Barbara 
Craft,  Barbara  Dillon,  Esther  Parker, 
Clarence    Stogsdill,    Iris    McKinney. 

Jasper   Price    (Tempe)    lights   cook   stove 
fire  for  heat  in  a   rustic  cabin  — 
ABC  Camp  —  observed  by  Mark  Berkshire 
July,    1964 

Bill  Craft  and   Scott  McKinney  with   their 
catch   from   the   creek.  Taken   Mt.   Meadow 
Ranch  —  ABC    Camp  —  near    Payson, 
Arizona,  July,   1962. 

A  silly  skit,  put  on  by  faculty  in  the 
old    barn  — ABC   Camp—  1964. 
Note  amazed  campers! 

Page  Six 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

We  furnish  our  own  light  —  gas  lantern  — 

near  the  Headquarters  building,   being  lighted  by 

Fred    Burkey,   July,    1967.  Two   campers 

are  supervising 


Goals  are  measuring  sticks 

.  .  .  How  is  your  youth  group  measuring  up?    The  1968- 
69  National  Youth  Goals  are  as  follows: 
*1.     Each  local  B.Y.C.  group  send  in  one  annual  offer- 
ing to  help  support  the  work  of  the  National  Of- 
fice.   This  offering  should  by  the  end  of  the  year, 
at  least  equal  or  surpass  one  dollar  per  member  — 
10  poimts 
*2.     At  least  one  B.Y.C.  delegate  to: 

A.  National  Conference  —  5  points 

B.  All  state  and  district  functions   (camps,  ral- 
lies, retreats,  conferences,  etc.)   —  5  points 

3.  Reports  to  your  church  by  those  attending  sum- 
mer camp,  district  and  national  conferences  —  10 

4.  At  least  one  public  service  per  year.  iPreferablj' 
on  Youth  Sunday  in  May)  —  10  points 

*5.  Each  group  maintain  attendance  at  a  weelcly  pray- 
er meeting  and  Bible  study  —  10  points 
Each  group  participating  in  the  National  B.Y.  Pro- 
ject and  setting  a  percentage  of  the  National  Goal 
to  be  raised  by  that  group  —  10  points 
A  report  of  your  activities  sent  in  to  National 
B.Y.C.  at  least  three  times  a  year  (including  pic- 
tures when  possible)  and  the  statisitioal  Report  by 
July  1  —  10  points 

■8.     Evei-y  B.Y.C.  member  in  your  local  group  carrying 

a  B.Y.C.  membership  card  —  5  points 
9.     Group  participation  in  these  projects: 

A.  Joint  meeting   preferably   with  other   B.Y.C. 
groups  —  5  points 

B.  B.Y.C.  Visitation  Program  —  5  points 

C.  Benevolent  work  within  your  local  churcli  or 
city  —  5  points 

*10.  Learn  the  Brethren  Youth  (Ttovenant  by  having  your 
B.Y.C.  pray  it  together  regularly,  and  by  devoting 
at  least  one  meeting  in  the  month  of  October  in 
study  and  analysis  of  Covenant  —  10  points 

'Banner  Society   Meet  80  out  of  100  points 



*Honor  Society   Meet  all   100  points 

'■'Indicates  changes  in  goals  since  last  year 

...  and  speaking  of  Goals . . . 

.  .  .  How  is  your  local  goal  for  the  National  Project  com- 
ing? Many  groups  are  working  enthusiastically  and  well 
to  accomplish  our  $14,000  goal  to  help  the  Souithwestern 
District  purchase  and  equip  their  camp. 

The  people  of  Arizona  have  been  camping  for  several 
years  in  rented  facilities  and  have  called  their  camp  ABC 
(Arizona  Brethren  Camp).  RecenUy  the  opportunity  pre- 
sented itself  for  this  newest  Brethi-en  (Dliurch  district  to 
purchase  their  own  camp  and  in  faith  they  began  this 

When  the  project  idea  of  helping  this  camp  was  pre- 
sented to  the  youth  delegates  at  the  August  Conference, 
they  immediately  saw  the  challenge  of  helping  train, 
convert  and  challenge  young  people  in  the  years  ahead 
through  the  camp  effort. 

Promotional  pieces  are  now  being  prepared  that  will  be 
comhig  to  each  church  soon.  Watch  for  them  and  more 
information  in  the  Evangelist  in  the  weeks  ahead.  You 
will  see  for  yourself  what  the  camp  area  looks  like  and 
the  need  wUl  be  presented. 

Remember,   our  Project  motto   this  year  is: 

Januarj'  4,  1969 

Page  Seven 


IRetA.    70ci£ceifft   ^ccrtcd 

'  I  'HE  national  workers  and  missionaries 
1  in  Argentina  have  long  known  the 
value  of  tent  campaigns  and  evangelisitic 
outreach  in  plazas  and  parks.  In  the 
churches  the  Gospel  falls  mostly  on  the 
ears  of  the  Christian.  Evangelism  cam- 
paigns in  the  open  offer  a  personail  confron- 
tation presenting  the  claims  of  Christ. 
However,  the  equipment  used  and  the  pro- 
cedure was  not  all  entirely  satisfactory 
and  in  late  1967  plans  were  drawn  for  an 
Audio-Visual  Trailer  to  be  built  to  specifi- 
cations to  handle  these  campaigns  in  the 

This  was  planned  to  be  a  two-wheel 
aluminum  trailer  of  approximately  9  feet 
long  and  5%  feet  wide  with  all  equipment 
self-contained  and  room  for  li\ing  quarters 
for  the  evangelists  traveling  witli  the  unit. 

Previously  it  was  necessary  for  the  e\-an- 
gelists  to  sleep  in  the  tents  and  it  was 
most  inconvenient  to  pack  up  clothing  be- 
fore meetings  and  turn  the  tent  into  a 
proper  meeting  place.  If  it  rained  the  tent 
had  to  be  lowered  and  many  times  clothes 
and  equipment  got  wet.  It  was  determined 
that  with  a  trailer  they  would  ha\-e  living 
and  sleeping  quarters  and  a  place  to  keep 
their  clothing  in  good  shape  to  be  present- 
able for  the  meetings.  Also,  the  equipment 
could  be  kept  clean  and  dry. 

A  gasoline  generator  is  used  to  supply 
the  light  for  the  tent  and  due  to  the  noise 
O'f  the  generator  it  had  to  be  located  a 
good  distance  from  the  tent.  Also,  the 
generator  could  not  be  left  out  at  night 
and  had  to  be  carted  to  and  fi-o.  With  the 
trailer  it  was  decided  to  build  the  genera- 
tor into  a  compartment  on  the  side  to  pro- 
\'ide  power  for  the  projector  and  the  lights, 

with  only  a  cable  running  from  the  trailer 
to  the  tent.  In  another  compartment  there 
would  be  a  storage  battery  for  the  ampli- 

The  permanent  moiuiting  for  the  elec- 
tronic equipment  used,  such  as  the  amplifi- 
er, projectors  and  tape  recorder,  would 
l<eep  them  much  cleaner  and  in  better 
condition  than  when  having  to  mof^-e  them 
about  so  much  of  the  time. 

The  Signal  Lights  organization  of  The 
Brethren  Church  had  the  Audio-Visual 
Trailer  for  theii-  1967-1968  project  and 
along  with  some  contributions  from  Dail\- 
Vacation  Bible  Schools,  $1070  was  foi-ward- 
ed  to  Argentina.  Recently  the  Tiosa,  Indi- 

Crowds  such  as  these  are  present  at  the  various 

Page  Eight 

The  Brethren   Evangelist 

Evangelistic    Mobile    Equipment    is    the    official 
name  for  the  Audio  Visual  Trailer 

ana,  Ohurcdi  advanced  project  fluids  in  the 
amount  of  $500,  also,  for  this  trailer. 

The  national  church  of  Argentina  took 
the  responsibility  of  paying  for  the  chassis, 
frame  and  outside  shell  of  the  trailer  and 
tlie  Argentine  National  Women's  Society 
raised  funds  to  provide  the  amplifiers, 
speakers  and  microphone.  The  money  from 
the  Signal  Lights  was  to  outfit  the  trailer 
with  gas  sto\-e,  chemical  toUet,  water  tank, 
interior  walls,  beds  and  cabinets  as  well 
as  the  transfoi-mers  and  lighting  system 
used  for  the  meetings. 

All  of  this  became  a  reality  when  in  the 
month  of  August  this  new  equipment  for 
e\-angelistic  work  was  put  to  use.  The  of- 
ficial name  for  this  is  E.M.E,  or  Evangelis- 
tic Mobile  Equipment.  During  the  month  of 
August,  tills  new  audio-visual  aid  was  used 
in  the  Rosario  area.  During  use  the  rear 
door  of  the  trailer,  hinged  at  the  bottom, 
lets  down  to  be  used  for  a  ramp  for  load- 
ing and  unloading  equipment  or  stays  in  a 
platform  position  to  hold  the  speaker  giv- 
ing the  message. 

In  September,  meetings  of  film  showings 
and  evangelistic  messages  were  presented 
in  small  villages  seldom  reached  with  the 
salvation  message  —  little  vUlages  such  as 
Venado  Tuerto  and  Firmat.  Many  were 
touched  by  the  message.  In  September  and 
October,  many  hundreds  of  people  attended 
e\'angelistic  campaigns  in  which  the  tent 
and  the  new  sound  trailer  and  equipment 
were  used. 

The  little  community  of  Soldini  had  the 
first  opportunity  to  use  these  new  facilities. 
Films  and  spiritual  messages  were  used 
two  nights.  Pastor  Tomas  Mulder  reports 
that  many  from  the  small  village  remained 

after  the  sei-vices  to  speak  to  the  evangel- 
ist and  one  of  these  later  accepted  Christ 
as  his  Lord  and  is  attending  the  local 
church.  Many  of  our  pastors  availed  them- 
selves of  new  equipment  with  good  reports 
from  all. 

Pastor  Juan  Arregin  of  the  Colon  Church, 
in  giving  testimony  to  his  e.xperiences  in 
the  use  of  the  new  equipment,  states  that 
in  four  meetings,  916  people  were  reached. 
Three  hundred  of  these  were  high  school 

"With  respect  to  the  campaign  itself,  I 
must  say  that  it  has  been  a  wonderful  ex- 
Iierience  and  a  great  blessing  in  my  life. 
First  of  all.  the  appearance  of  the  sound 
trailer  adone  attracts  attention  and  is  an 
effective  medium  of  presenting  the  Gospel. 
I  believe  it  is  equipment  which  God  has 
placed  in  our  hands  for  touching  many 
souls  with  the  message  of  salvation  and 
that  even  if  iwe  do  not  see  immediate  re- 
sults, we  have  made  contact  with  people 
who  have  manifested  interest  and  the  Lord 
wUI  perform  the  work  in  their  hearts.  With 
respect  to  the  campaign  in  the  city  of 
Colon,  one  man  who  came  to  see  the  fiim 
and  for  the  first  time  had  heard  the  Gos- 
pel, confessed  Christ  as  Savior  the  follow- 
ing Sunday. 

"We  are  able  to  say  that  the  film  pre- 
sentation awoke  in  him  a  desire  to  know- 
that  which  God  wanted  to  tell  him  and 
after  know-ing  something  more  of  the  love 
of  God  (from  the  message)  he  decided  to 
accept  Christ  as  his  Savior.  Without  doubt 
we  will  experience  like  results  in  the  other 
places  we  have  been  —  places  such  as 
Maria  Teresa  and  Firmat. 

Campaign  at  Villa  Constitucion  showing  the  trail- 
er with  loud  speakers  thereon. 

Jiiniiary  4,    1969 

Page  Nine 

"Now,  it  ought  to  be  the  task  of  the 
church  to  pray  for  these  souls  who  have 
been  reached  with  the  message  of  sa]\'a- 
tion."  (Juan  Arregin,  Testigo  Fiel,  Octo- 
ber issue). 

The  new  sound  equipment  on  wheels  is 
a  symbol  of  the  Argentine  Brethren 
Church.  It  is  indeed  a  church  on  the  move 
for  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ.  The  national 
worker  and  his  fraternal  companion,  the 
missionary,  covet  your  prayers  as  we  enter 
a  new  year  with  the  purpose  of  reaching 
new  souls  for  Christ  our  Lord. 

Campaign  in  Beinal  with  tent  and  Audio-Visual 
Trailer.  Pastor  and  Mrs.  Anton  at  the  gate.  The 
tent  was  set  up  in  a  lot  of  an  annex  of  the  Beriial 

Film   showing  in   the   tent  at    A'illa  Constitucion 


In  lo\ing  memory  of  his  parents,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Fred 
Ramseyer,  Mr.  Floyd  E.  Ramseyer  of  Smithville, 
Ohio  contributed  a  gift  of  $200  to  the  Lost  Creek 
mission  work. 

An  annual  memorial  of  $10.00  was  given  to  the 
KryiDton  Mission  in  memory  of  Reverend  Joseph  I. 
Hall  by  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Lula  Hall  Poffenberger, 
Williamsport,  Pennsylvania. 

Two  \'ery  fine  Christian  ladies,  Mrs.  May  Bissett 
and  Mrs.  Sue  Bowman  were  remembered  with  a 
memorial  gift  of  $20.00  to  World  Missions  from  the 
Woman's  Missionary  Society  of  New  Lebanon. 

A.  J.  and  Pearl  R.  Dimcan  were  remembered  by 
their  daughter,  Miss  Lilly  P.  Duncan,  Fayetteville, 
W.  Virginia,  with  a  memorial  of  $25.00  to  World 

A  memorial  in  the  amount  of  $290.94  was  sent  to 
the  Mlssicnary  Board  in  honor  of  Florence  Cleaver 
of  the  Falls  City,  Nebraska  Church  for  her  many 
years  of  service  in  the  Loird's  work  there.  At  the 
time  the  memorial  was  received,  she  was  residing  in 
a  nursing  home. 

Your  loved  one's  name  wUI  be  perpetuated  at  the  Mis- 
sionaiy  Board  and  his  witness  wiU  live  on  through  our 
continuing  ministry  in  missions. 

Note:  When  a  Memorial  Gift  is  received  along  with  the 
name  of  the  nearest  relative,  a  memorial  card 
will  he  sent  to  the  family  in  your  name. 

Page  Ten 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


Revelation  22:1-21 

Part  XLIII 


CHAPTER  22  actually  Is  a  continuation  of  John's 
■  vision  of  the  new  Jerusalem,  begiui  in  tihe  previous 
chapter  (note;  the  original  Greek  does  not  have  chapter 
or  verse  divisions).  The  main  emphasis  of  both  chapters 
is  the  eternal  state  and  status  of  all  God's  redeemed,  de- 
scribed foi'  us  in  more  Old  Testament  prophetical  image- 
ry. Again,  we  would  want  to  emphasize  the  right  of 
each  one  to  decide  for  himself  Whether  this  imager.\' 
should  be  interpreted  literally  or  symbolically.  It  seems 
to  this  writer,  that  symbolical  interpretation  —  which 
seel<s  for  spiritual  truth  from  verbal  word-piotures  — 
best  fits  John's  total  Revelation  pattern.  While  we  would 
respect  those  who  disagree  with  this  approach,  we  would 
also  ask  for  their  Charity  towards  those  who  see  other- 
wise. Certainly,  in  the  realm  of  prophetical  interpreta- 
tion, there  would  be  no  room  for  petty  dogmatism  or 
bigotry ! 

Whate\-er  our  method  of  interpretation,  we  need  to 
note  carefully  the  close  proximity  between  the  images 
making  up  Uiis  last  vision  of  eternity  and  those  images 
making  up  our  first  glimpse  of  human  histoi-y,  as  record- 
ed in  Genesis.  The  story  of  God  and  man  begins  in  a  gar- 
den —  and,  here  in  Revelation,  tliat  stoiy  is  pictured  as 
ending  also  in  a  garden  (actually,  it  is  a  beginning  i-a.tli- 
er  than  an  ending).  In  tlie  begimiing,  it  was  tlie  garden 
of  Eden  (Genesis  1-3)  —  now  we  find  it  the  heavenly 
garden,  the  eternal  city  of  God  —  the  new  Jerusalem. 
Betw'een  the  beginning  and  the  ending  of  the  stoi-y  of 
God's  deaUngs  with  man,  we  liave  the  account  of  man's 
creation  and  fall,  his  expulsion  from  the  garden  of  Eden, 
his  continual  search  for  spiritual  restoration  and  renew- 
al, and  the  answer  through  Christ  and  His  cross.  Man's 
sin  —  cmd  its  consequence  ( viz,  physical  and  spiritual 
deatli)  —  appear  as  but  an  unnecessary  parenthesis  be- 
tween God's  original  intention  for  man  (viz,  eternal 
fellowship  and  communion  with  the  divine)  and  the  ul- 
timate consimunation  of  this  intent  (to  be  discovered 
and  enjoyed  now  only  by  those  wlio  accept  His  redemp- 
tion through  Christ). 

Our  main  concern,  in  our  study  of  this  lasit  chapter  of 
Revelation,  will  center  upon  this  eternal  Paradise  of 
God  —  its  physical  description  of  the  spiritual  truths 
such  is  meant  to  convey.  We  may  differ  as  to  the  inter- 
pretation of  many  of  these  symbols,  but  there  is  one 
thing  we  can  all  agree  upon  —  Ciod  certainly  has  pre- 
pared for  His  own  an  eternity  worth  all  that  it  miglit 
cost  us,  in  this  life,  to  gain.  This  last  chapter  of  the 
Bible  accentuates  this  truth  in  language  clear  and  strong. 
In  the  words  of  John  Milton's  famous  epics,   in  Genesis 

1-3  we  have  the  story  of  Paradise  Lost,  and  Ixere  in  Rev- 
elation 22,  we  liave  the  picture  of  Paradise  Regained. 
Tile   Paradise   described. 

Verse  1  pictui-es  for  us  eternal  Ufe  in  terms  of  "a  pure 
river  of  water  of  life,  clear  as  ciystal."  In  the  dry  and 
hot  lands  of  the  East  —  where  water  is  always  at  a 
premiimi  —  this  synibolism  of  water  as  a  flowing  river 
would  naturally  suggest  life,  and  the  possibility  of  its 
continued  existence.  Se\'eral  Old  Testament  prophets, 
as  well  as  our  Lord,  also  spoke  of  eternal  Mfe  in  terms 
of  water  —  living  waters,  or  rivers  of  waiter  (cf.  Isa. 
55:1;  Ezek.  47;l-7;  Joel  3;18;  Zeoh.  14;8;  John  4;10-14, 

John  sees  tliis  water  as  bemg  "clear  as  ci-ystal,"  per- 
liaps  implying  that  our  identity  with  God  as  the  very 
source  of  eternal  life  means  also  our  identity  with  Him 
in  a  life  of  impeccable  riglateousness  and  holiness.  In 
verse  3,  John  writes;  "And  there  shall  be  no  more  curse" 
(RSV;  "There  shall  no  more  be  any  thing  accursed"), 
which  teUs  us  that  (^d's  people  are  to  be  (and  will  be) 
a  holy  people  —  "Holiness  unto  the  Lord"  is  surely  to 
be  our  eternal  watchword  and  song! 

This  river  of  living  water  is  seen  by  John  as  also  pro- 
ceeding out  of  the  throne  of  Ckxl  and  the  Lamb  (lb). 
This  identifies  God  and  Christ  together  as  the  veiy 
source  from  wiiich  our  eternal  life  origmates  (The  Holy 
Spirit  also  impUed).  Those  who  are  eternally  identified, 
in  them  shall  have  life,  for,  they  are  life  (cf.,  Johji  14:6). 
The  life  which  this  river  of  water  symbolizes,  then,  is 
divine  life  —  and  is  for  all  who  find  their  life  in  the 
triune   (jod   of  heaven. 

Verse  2  pictures  this  river  as  flowing  in  the  midst  of' 
the  street  of  the  new  Jerusalem,  and  being  bordered  on 
both  sides  by  "the  ti^ee  of  life."  It  lis  not  necessary  for 
us  to  figure  out  this  strange  sight  (i.e.,  a  river  flowing) 
down  the  middle  of  the  street  with  one  tree  bordering, 
both  sides),  if  we  see  it  as  a  symbolism  which  seems  to 
serve  the  purpose  of  adding  emphasis  to  this  truth  con-i 
cei-ning  the  saint's  possession  of  eternal  life.  There  seems 
to  be  a  direct  allusion  to  the  tree  of  life  which  was  to  be 
found  in  tlie  gai'den  of  Eden,  and  to  which  Adam  and 
Eve  were  deprived  access  tKCause  of  their  sinful  disobed- 
ience (cf..  Gen.  3:22-24).  Here,  In  Revelation  22,  this  tree 
is  now  seen  easily  accessible  to  all  the  redeemed  saints 
in  gloiy.  Tlius,  in  this  one  symbolism  alone,  we  hajve  a 
play  on  the  general  theme:  Paradise  Lost  —  Paradise!, 
Regained!  That  which  Adam  and  Eve  lost  by  being  oastii 
out  of  the  garden  of  Eden  (viz,  eternal  life  within  thej 
circumference  of  conmiunion  and  fellowship  with  God),! 

January  -t,  1969 

is  now  seen  as  restored  eternally  Uirough  the  saving 
efficacy  of  Christ  —  here  described  (in  vei-se  1)  as  "the 

The  further  mention  of  this  tree  as  bearing  twelve 
kinds  of  fi-uit  and  yielding  that  fruit  eveiy  month,  se«ms 
to  re-emphasize  the  fact  that  this  life  which  is  ours  in 
Christ,  is  a  life  boith  comtinuous  and  unending.  Also,  the 
mention  of  the  leaves  of  the  tree  as  providing  healing 
for  the  nations,  implies  that  the  eternal  life  which  is 
ours  in  Clu-ist,  vvUl  meet  every  need  —  ye'a,  in  Him, 
there  will  be  no  further  need  or  needs  —  only  complete 
and  constant  satisfaction  and  bUss  (cf..  Psalm  16:11; 
23:1,  etc.). 

Verses  1  and  3  mention  the  throne  of  God  and  of  the 
Lamb  —  wliich,  iti  the  light  of  other  such  references  (cf., 
chaptei'S  4,  5,  7,  14,  ajid  19),  suggest  to  us  the  sovereign 
rule  and  authority  of  the  eternal  ti-iune  God.  Tliis  throne 
of  God  ajid  the  Lamb  is  here  pictured  as  being  hi  the 
new  Jerusalem  and,  thus,  is  meant  to  teach  us  tiiat  all 
life  and  activity  wUl  forever  centei"  in  tliem  and  that 
they  shall  be  the  veiy  fooal-point  of  all  worship  and 
service  (3b:  "and  his  servants  sliall  serve  him"). 

Some  would  recoiU  at  this  thought  of  heaven  being  a 
place  where  we  wiU  have  to  perform  an  eternal  sei-vice, 
but,  in  the  words  of  John  Walvoord:  "What  greater 
pi-ivilege  can  saints  have  in  the  eternal  state  than  being 
servajits  of  the  Lord?  Who  would  want  to  be  perpetu- 
ated in  eternal  idleness  and  uselessness?  Even  if  the 
new  Jerusalem  were  viewed  here  in  its  millennial  sitate, 
those  who  are  in  the  new  Jerusalem  are  either  resm-rect- 
ed  or  translated  saints;  and  if  it  is  fitting  for  them  to 
be  servants  in  such  a  situation  in  time,  it  is  also  fitting 
that  they  can  be  servants  in  eternity.  This  is  a  picture 
of  blessedness  in  service  rather  than  of  arduous  toU" 
(The  Revelation   o(  Jesus  Christ,   p.   331). 

In  tlie  light  of  other  Scriptures,  liowever,  we  do  not 
have  to  tliink  of  ourselves  as  mere  servants  of  the  triune 
God  m  heaven.  Rather,  our  service  wHl  be  that  of  chil- 
dren, or  sons  (cf.,  Romans  8:15-16;  I  John  3:1-2,  etc.). 
This  means  that  our  eternal  service  wHl  be  bathed  in 
filial  love  and  affection  which  will  make  it  a  service  of 
eternal  joy  and  blessing.  The  fh-st  pai-t  of  vei-se  3  may 
also  serve  as  an  allusion  to  the  curse  placed  upon  labor 
in  the  garden  of  Eden  (cf..  Gen.  3:17-19),  wliich  now  is 
seen  as  eternally  lifted.  In  heaven,  all  of  our  labor  will 
be  sweet  —  because  there  will  be  no  intrusion  from 
evil  and  liostUe  forces  and,  thus,  all  trial,  test,  tempta- 
tion and  pain  will  be  foa-ever  banislied. 

The  latter  pai-t  of  verse  5  also  tells  us  that  we  shall 
not  only  serve  the  ti-iune  God  ui  Pai-adise  (heaven),  but 
we  shall  also  share  in  His  eternal  reign.  Again,  this  im- 
plies sonsliip  rather  than  mere  servitude.  Some  see  this 
as  prophetical  of  the  IVIillennial  reign  with  Clu-ist  (wiliich 
would  allow  for  a  literal  intei-pretation  of  our  sharing 
together  with  Him  in  His  eai-tWy  rule  over  the  peoples 
and  natioris).  Howevei-,  the  entire  context  seems  to  be 
dealing  witli  eternity  proper,  rather  than  merely  with  the 
Millemiiimi.  The  imagery  of  both  sei-ving  and  reigning 
may  seem,  on  the  siui'ace,  to  be  mcongruous.  However, 
in  the  light  of  Chi-ist's  eternal  triumph  over  all  unright- 
eousness and  sin  —  and  the  promise  of  Scripture  that 
we  shall  share  with  Him  in  the  same  —  service  will  lose 
Its  bui-densome  charaoteristics  and  take  on  tlie  very 
semblance  of  a  rule  and  reign.  Barclay  puts  it  very 
succinctly:  "The  vision  ends  with  the  promise  that  the 
people  of  God  wUl  reign  for  ever  and  ever.    At  last  in 

Page  Eleven 

His  service,  they  will  find  their  perfect  freedom,  and  in 
perfect  submission  to  Hmi  they  will  find  the  only  true 
royalty   (The  Revelation  ol  John,  vol.  2,  p.  285). 

The  blessedness  of  both  our  service  and  our  reign  in 
eternity  is  pictured  foa-  us,  in  verses  4-5a  where  we  are 
promised  that  we  "shall  see  his  face;  and  liis  name  shall 
be  in  (our)  foreheads.  And  there  shall  be  no  night  there; 
and  (we)  need  no  candle,  neither  light  of  the  sun;  for 
the  Lord  God  giveth   (us)  light."   Tiiis  seems  to  suggest 

the  most  blessed  fellowship  and  intimate  commimion  

reminiscent  of  that  known  and  enjoyed  by  Adam  and 
Eve  before  the  fall  (cf.,  Gen.  3).  The  promise  that  we 
shall  see  His  face  reminds  us  of  God's  face  bemg  hidden 
from  Moses  on  IVIoiunt  Sinai  (Ex.  34:20)  and  the  promise 
of  John,  m  his  fh-Sit  ei>isitle,  that  we  shall  see  Him  even  as 
He  is  (I  John  3:2).  In  heaven  there  shall  be  no  separa- 
tion between  God  and  His  redeemed  saints  —  only  unin- 
terrupted communion,  sweet  and  blessed.  The  mention  of 
His  name  bemg  upon  our  foreheads  suggests  our  eternal 
lilceness  to  the  divine  —  indeed,  even  our  being  stamped 
with  His  very  image  (I  Joihn  3:2).  Again  we  are  remind- 
ed of  the  fall  cf  Adam  and  Eve,  in  the  gai-den  of  Eden, 
which  resulted  in  then-  losmg  both  their  intimate  fellow- 
ship with  God,  and  His  moral  and  spu-itual  image.  In 
essence,  then,  John  is  telling  us  that,  what  Adam  and 
Eve  lost  —  through  then-  rebellion  and  sin  —  we  shall 
liave  eternally  restored  through  oui-  personal  identity 
with  CJod  (through  faith  in  Christ  and  His  redemptive 
minis  tiy). 

Verse  5  provides  a  most  fitting  close  to  this  descrip- 
tion of  Paradise  regained,  repeating  once  again  the  glor- 
ious Uuith  first  presented  in  21:23-25.  We  ai-e  again  told 
"that  there  shall  be  no  night  there."  Tliis  could  imply 
that  the  dai-kness  of  sin's  night  is  now  forever  abolished 
through  the  light  of  Christ's  glorious  presence  (cf., 
21:23b).  However,  more  likely  this  is  anoitlher  way  of 
saymg  that,  in  Christ,  Paradise  will  be  made  up  of  a 
new  heaven  and  a  new  earth  where  there  wiU  be  no 
need  of  created  Ught  (either  that  of  God  or  man  —  of 
the  sun  or  of  a  candle),  because  God  himself,  shall  for- 
ever shine  in  us  and  through  us,  emanating  His  glory  and 
Precious  Paradise  promises. 

There  are  several  precious  Pai-adise  promises  sprink- 
led throughout  this  chapter  wliich  deserve  our  brief  at- 
tention. For  instance,  in  verse  6a,  John  hears  this  angel 
which  had  transported  him  (m  vision)  to  "a  great  and 
high  mountain"  (cf.,  21:10)  saying  unto  him:  "These 
sayings  are  faithful  and  true."  The  reason  for  their 
bemg  "faithful  and  tme,"  rests  upon  the  fact  that  the 
One,  Who  is  behind  the  declaration  of  tliese  sayings,  is 
Himself  "faitlifiU  and  true"  (cf.,  1:5  and  3:14,  where 
Jesus  is  declared  to  be  the  "faithful  and  true  witness"). 
The  Word  of  God  ever  stands  or  falls  upon  the  very  in- 
tegrity of  Christ  —  and  His  stedfast  cliai-acter.  Because 
He  can  be  ever  depended  upon  (cf.,  John  14:6,  where  He 
declares  Himself  to  be  "truth").  His  Word  is  sure  —  and 
thus,  certain  of  fulfillment. 

The  original  Greek  has  the  latter  part  of  verse  6  de- 
scribe God  as  "the  Lord  God  of  the  spirits  of  the  proph- 
ets," which  Barclay  says,  "means  the  God  Who  inspired 
the  minds  and  the  spirits  of  the  prophets,  the  God  Who 
spoke  to  and  in  the  prophets."  He  continues:  "This 
means  that  the  messages  and  the  words  and  the  visions 
wliich  came  to  John  came  from  the  same  God  Who  in- 
spired   the    great   prophets   of    the    Old   Testament,    and 

I'iige  Twelve 

The  Brethren  E\angfelist 

that  they  must  l)c  accepted  as  equally  divine  and  treated 
with  equal  seriousness"  (Ibid.,  p.  286),  Thus,  in  this 
\-erse,  we  ha\-e  the  preciotis  promise  that  these  visions 
of  John  are  wholly  reliable  because  they  are  backed 
up  both  by  JesuB,  Who  is  the  very  source  of  all  that  is 
"faitliful  and  true,"  and  by  the  Father  Who  also  spoke 
through  His  prophets   (cf.,  Rev.  1:1), 

The  second  promise  in  this  chapter  is  that  dealing  with 
the  sui-e  and  sudden  coming  of  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ 
(this  promise  repeated  three  times  —  Ta,  12,  and  20). 
This  is,  in  reality,  a  three-fold  promise.  First,  our  Lord 
(Who  is  now  the  speaker)  promises  that  He  will  come — 
and  that  "quickly"  (i.e.,  with  lightning-like  speed,  and 
thus,  probably  referring  to  the  rapture  rather  than  the 
revelation).  Second,  He  promises  that  His  coming  will 
result  in  blessing  for  aU  who  wUl  keep  (obey)  "the  say- 
ings (conimandmeratis)  of  the  prophecy  of  this  book"  (7b). 
And,  third,  our  Lord  promises  that  He  will  rewai'd 
"every  man  accordmg  as  his  work  shall  be"  (12b).  Leh- 
man Strauss  makes  the  following  relevant  appUcation  to 
this  three-fold  promise:  "These  last  three  prom;ise3  of 
Christ's  return  are  connected  with  oiu-  responsibiliity  to 
obey  the  Word  (22:7)  with  oiu:  stewardsliip  and  rewai-d 
(22:12)  and  with  our  comfort  and  consolation  (22:20). 
What  a  difference  there  would  be  in  otu-  individual  lives, 
in  our  homes,  and  in  oiu-  churches  if  we  held  these  facts 
before  us  daily"    (The  Book  of  the  Kevehition,  p.  361)! 

A  third  major  promise,  in  this  chapter,  is  foimd  in 
verse  10  and  comes  in  these  most  interesting  words,  "for 
the  time  is  at  hand."  Walvoord  says  concerning  this  ex- 
pression, and  the  prohibition  not  to  seal  "the  sayings  of 
the  prophecy  of  this  book"  (10a):  "John  is  especially 
commanded  not  to  seal  the  sayings  of  the  prophecy  be- 
cause the  time  (Greek,  kairos),  or  proper  season,  is  at 
hand  (Greek,  eggys)  or  neai-.  The  time  period  in  which 
the  tremendous  cojisummation  of  the  ages  is  to  take 
place,  accoirding  to  Jo'hn's  instruction,  is  near.  The  in- 
determinate period  assigned  to  the  church  is  the  last  dis- 
pensation before  end-time  events  and,  in  John's  day  as  in 
ours,  the  end  is  always  impending  because  of  the  im- 
minent return  of  Christ  at  tlie  rapture  with  the  ordered 
sequence  of  events  to  follow"   (op.  eit.,  p.  334). 

This  prohibition,  gi\-en  to  John,  not  to  seal  the  sayings 
of  the  prophecy  of  Revelation,  seems  to  be  in  direct  con- 
trast to  the  admonition,  given  to  Daniel,  to  do  that  \'ery 
thing  (cf.,  Daniel  8:26  and  12:9).  This  prohibition,  then, 
is  another  way  to  say  that  this  present  age  is  the  age  of 
actual  finalization  and  fulfillment  of  aU  God's  plans  and 
purposes  for  men.  At  the  end  of  this  age,  all  prabation 
and  free  will  will  come  to  an  end,  and  we  will,  each  one, 
stand  before  God  to  give  a  strict  account  of  all  our  deeds 
performed  in  the  flesh  —  and  be  judged  accordingly 
(vs.  11-12).  Barclay  quotes  the  ancient  commentator,  An- 
dreas, as  e.x]>laining  Christ's  words  here  as  saying:  "Let 
each  man  do  what  pleases  him;  I  will  not  force  his 
choice."  Barclay  then  continues:  "This  may  well  be  the 
meaning.  Jesus  Christ  may  well  be  saying:  'I  use  no 
compulsion;  the  only  weapon  I  use  is  appeal;  as  a  man 
chooses  to  make  himself,  so  let  him  be;  for  only  if  he  al- 
lows me  to  do  so,  can  I  remake  him.'  This,  then,  would 
be  another  of  these  warnings  that  eveiy  man  is  writing 
his  own  destiny"   (op.  cit.,  p.  288). 

Wrapped  up,  then,  hi  this  promise  of  Christ's  imminent 
coming  is  the  implied  admonition  for  u's  to  prepare  while 
we  still  have  time,  for,  the  time  wUl  come  when  it  will 
be  forever  too  late  to  change  either  our  character  or  our 

eternal  destiny.  God,  the  righteous  Judge,  wUl  ultimate- 
ly judge  each  and  every  one  of  us,  and  bless  oi'  damn  us 
according  to  our  works  (which  reflect  our  acceptance  or 
rejection  of  Clu-ist  and  His  claims  upon  our  lives).  Our 
Lord,  here,  both  promise  and  warns  that  that  time  is 
vei"y  neai-! 

One  further  promise  is  to  be  noted  in  verse  14,  which 
guarantees  blessing  upon  all  "they  that  do  his  command- 
me;iits."  AU  the  better  manuscripts  read  "those  who 
wash  their  robes,"  which  places  tlie  main  emphasis  upon 
God's  grace  rather  than  man's  works.  Barclay,  how- 
ever, shows  deep  insight  when  he  comments  on  this 
phrase:  "This  plu-ase  shows  man's  part  in  salvation.  It 
is  Jesus  Christ  Who  in  His  Cross  has  pi-ovided  that  grace 
and  that  sacrifice  by  which  man  alone  can  be  forgiven; 
but  man  has  to  appropriate  that  sacrifice;  he  has  to  wash 
his  own  robes,  as  John  would  put  it,  in  the  blood  of  Jesus 
Christ.  To  take  a  simple  analogy,  we  can  supply  soap 
and  water,  but  we  cannot  compel  a  person  to  use  them. 
So  those  who  enter  into  the  city  of  God  are  those  who 
have  accepted  and  appropriated  the  sacrifice  of  Jesus 
Christ"   (Ibid.,  p.  290). 

Those  who  are  not  so  washed  in  the  blood  of  Calvary's 
Lamb  are  again  described  for  us,  in  verse  15,  where  we 
have  a  direct  warning  from  Christ  that  all  such  shall 
be  f oi'ever  shut  out  of  the  eternal  city  —  the  very  Para- 
dise of  God  (cf.,  also  JMatt.  8:11-12  and  25:41,  46).  Only 
those  who  wash  their  robes  in  ithe  blood  of  Christ  (i.e., 
appropriate,  through  faith,  the  merits  of  His  death  on 
the  cross)  shall  ha\-e  a  right  to  the  tree  of  life  (eternal 
life)  and  shall  find  entrance  into  the  city  of  God  (i.e., 
enjoy  eternal  blessing  and  bliss).  Again,  these  verses 
provide  us  with  both  a  m^ost  glorious  promise  and  a  most 
serious  warnmg. 
Conditions  for  Paradise  entrance. 

These  pro-mises,  studied  in  our  second  division  of  this 
chapter,  suggest  to  us  several  conditions,  or  obligations, 
which  we  must  both  recognize  and  fulfill,  if  we  Eire  to  be 
a  part  of  this  eternal  Paradise  of  God.  For  instance,  in 
verse  7,  we  have  mentioned  for  us  the  obligation  to  keep 
"the  sayings  of  the  prophecy  of  this  book."  This  seert^ 
to  be  another  way  of  saying  the  same  thing  that  is  said 
in  the  KJV  translation  of  14a  (i.e.,  "do  his  command- 
ments"), which  wO'Uld  most  certainly  mean  (according  to 
the  better  mss.  readings)  that  we  must  "wash  our  robes" 
in  Calvai-y's  crimson  fountain.  Verse  7,  however,  proba- 
bly is  alluding  primarily  to  the  sayings  of  Revelation 
which  deal  with  our  responsibility  to  keep  ourselves  sted- 
fast  in  Christ  iiTespective  our  ti-ibulatioiis  and  sufferings 
in  this  life  (cf.,  also  1:3;  2:10-11,  17,  25-26;  3:2-3,  5,  11-12, 
21,   etc). 

Verses  8  and  9  imply  a  second  condition  of  all  those 
who  would  enter  the  Paradise  of  God  —  which  is  sum- 
mtu-ized  for  us,  m  9b,  in  the  words  of  the  angel:  "worship 
God,"  Tlie  thought  here  is  that  only  the  triune  God  of 
heaven  is  worthy  of  our  worship  and  adoration  —  and 
all  of  Ufe  ought  to  be  a  living  act  of  worshipful  praise 
( the  word  for  "worship"  being  in  the  aorist  tense  —  here 
denoting  a  state  or  condition  of  being). 

The  reason  why  God  alone  is  worthy  of  all  of  our 
worship  and  praise  is  implied  throughout  this  chapter  in 
the  \-arious  attributes  ascribed  unto  Him,  That  He  is 
tlie  triune  God  is  implied  in  His  title  as  God,  Lamb, 
Jesus,  and  Spirit  (1,  3,  5,  6,  16-21),  That  He  is  the  God 
of  sovereign  authority  and  power  is  imphed  in  the  desig- 
nation   of    both    God    the    Father    and    God  the  Son  as  ■ 

January  4,  1969 

Page  Thirteen 

"Lord"  (5-6,  ajid  20-211.  Verse  13  speaJiS  of  Him  as  the 
"Alpha  and  Omega,  the  begimimg  and  the  end,  the  first 
and  the  last."  Here  God  is  pictured  for  us  as  the  origin- 
ation and  the  consummation  of  all  things.  In  Him,  and 
through  Him,  boith  time  and  eternity  find  their  e.xistence 
— as  the  \-eiy  products  of  His  eternal  will  and  pui-pose. 
Barclay  sees  in  this  verse  the  symbol  of  "the  complete- 
ness, the  timelessness,  and  the  authority  of  Jesus  Christ" 
— which  we  would  also  ascribe  to  the  Father  and  the 
Spirit  (Ibid.,  p.  299).  Verse  16  speaks  primarily  of  the 
Jesus  of  history,  in  the  light  of  His  messianic  e.xpeota- 
tions.  However,  even  in  this  we  find  a  direct  implica- 
tion of  the  eternal  Christ,  the  second  member  of  the 
eternal  Godhead.  As  "the  root  and  offspring  of  David," 
He  is  both,  the  fulfiUment  of  ail  messianic  prophecy 
(cf.,  Isaiah  11:1)  —  and  also  the  very  eternal  source 
("root")  from  vvliich  David  came  (and  the  som-ce  of  all 
being).  As  "the  bright  and  morning  star,"  Christ  is  the 
very  Light  of  the  world  (cf.,  John  S;12)  and  the  very 
source  of  all  spiritual  illimiination  (through  His  Spirit). 
Certainly,  such  a  (jod,  as  here  described  in  tliis  chapter, 
alone  is  worthy  of  our  constant  worship  Emd  praise  — 
indeed,  He  will  allow  for  no  other! 

A  third,  and  final  condition  for  entrance  into  the  Par- 
adise of  God  is  to  be  noted  from  verses  18-19,  which  tells 
us  that  we  must  accept  God's  Word  as  it  is  —  attempt- 
ing neitlier  to  add  to  or  subti-act  from  its  total  message. 
Certainly  we  are  cognizant  of  the  fact  that  this  condition 
refers  primarily  to  the  message  of  Revelation.  However, 
Ck)d  is  jealous  of  His  entire  Word  —  from  Genesis 
through  Revelation  —  and  it  is  to  be  accepted,  believed, 
and  obeyed  as  (iod  opens  it  unto  us  through  the  divine 
instruction  and  illumination  of  His  Holy  Spirit,  relating 
it  to  evei"y  area  of  our  heart  and  life.  J.  A.  Seiss  felt 
this  most  deeply  when  he  wrote:  "O,  my  friends,  it  is  a 
feai'ful  thing  to  suppres.s  or  stultify  the  word  of  God,  and 
above  all  "the  words  of  the  prophecy  of  this  Book."  To 
put  forth  for  ti-uth  what  is  not  the  truth  —  to  denounce 
as  error,  condemn,  repudiate,  or  emasculate  what  God 
himself,  hath  set  his  seal  to  as  his  mind  and  purpose,  is 
one  of  those  high  crimes,  not  only  against  Ciod,  but 
against  the  souls  of  men,  wliich  cannot  go  unpunished. 
...  If  I  ha\'e  read  into  this  Book  anything  which  he  has 
not  put  there,  or  read  out  of  it  anything  which  he  has 
put  there,  with  the  profoundest  sorrow  would  I  recant, 
and  willingly  burn  up  the  books  in  which  such  mis- 
chievous wickedness  is  contained.  If  I  have  in  anything 
gone  beyond  the  limits  of  due  subjection  to  what  is  writ- 
ten, or  curtailed  in  any  way  the  depth  and  measure  of 
what  Jesus  by  his  angel  has  signified  for  the  learning  of 
the  (Churches.  I  need  not  the  condemnation  of  men  to 
heap  upon  me  the  burden  of  censure  wlxich  I  deserv-e.  If 
feebleness,  or  rashness,  or  overweening  confide>nce  in  my 
own  imderstanding  has  distorted  anything,  I  can  only 
deplore  the  fault,  and  pray  God  to  send  a  man  more 
competent  to  unfold  to  us  the  mighty  trutlis  which  here 
stand  written.  ...  If  I  err,  God  forgive  me!  If  I  am 
right,  God  bless  my  feeble  testimony!  In  either  case, 
God  speed  his  everlasting  truth"  (The  Apocalypse,  p. 

What  more  could  we  add  to  such  an  e.vposition  of 
these  two  verses!  Surely  we  must  join  with  Seiss  in  a 
most  hearty  "Amen,"  and  pray  that  God  will  ever  lead 
us  aright  as  we  meditate  upon  this  and  e\'ery  book  of 
His  most  holy  Word.    This  is  not  only  a  condition  for  en- 

trance into  the  Paradise  of  God  —  it  is  a  most  blessed 
privilege   and  joy! 
In  conclusion. 

As  we  bring  this  message  to  a  close.  v\'e  wotdd  point 
out  three  final  thoughts  from  this  chapter  wliich  help 
to  add  to  its  beauty  and  worth.  First,  we  would  look  at 
the  blessed  invitation  of  verse  17  which  comes,  first,  from 
the  Spirit  of  God  and  from  the  bride  of  Christ  (the  re- 
deemed of  all  ages).  This  invitation  beckons  us  to  come 
(indisiduaUy)  and  to  partake  (cxperientially  I  of  the  wa- 
ter of  life  (eternally)  —  and  to  do  so  "freely."  This,  of 
course,  is  to  be  understood  as  a  direct  invitation  to  all 
men  to  come  to  Jesus  Christ  (the  Fountain  of  living 
water!  and  to  find  in  Him  an  answer  for  all  the  soul's 
thirst.  Only  in  Him  can  such  thirst  be  quenched,  as 
beautifully  expressed  by  the  poet: 

O  Christ,  in  Thee  my  soul  hath  fuiuid, 

And  found  in  Thee  alone. 
The  peace,  the  joy,  I  sought  so  long. 

The  bliss   till  now  unknown. 

Xow  none  but  Christ  can  satisfy. 

None  other  name  for  me! 
There's  loi\-e,  and  life,  and  lasting  joy. 

Lord  Jesus  foiuid  in  Thee. 

A  second  spiritual  truth,  from  this  closing  section  of 
the  chapter,  is  also  to  be  found  in  verse  17.  where  we 
read  the  admonition:  "And  let  him  that  heareth  say. 
Come."  This  admonition  tells  us  that  each  and  every  one 
who  has  heard  and  responded  to  tiiis  blessed  in\'itation 
from  the  Spirit  and  the  bride  (to  come  to  Christ)  — 
and  found  in  Him  complete  satisfaction  of  eveiy  spiritual 
need  —  is  held  responsible  to  join  in  the  sending  foonth 
of  this  same  message  to  all  who  have  not  yet  heard  or 
responded.  This  admonition  tells  us  that  we  are  all  to  be 
missionaries  —  we  are  all  to  be  inv-oh^ed  in  the  sending 
forth  of  the  good  news  of  salvation  through  Christ.  In 
the  words  of  William  Barclay:  "He  who  has  received 
the  invitation  of  Christ  himself  must  pass  on  that  invita- 
tion to  others;  he  who  has  been  found  by  Christ  must 
find  others  for  Christ;  the  invited  must  become  the  in- 
\iter  and  the  found  must  become  the  finder"  (op.  c-it., 
p.  293). 

One  other  spiritual  truth  is  to  be  noted  in  verse  20, 
where  our  Lord  again  declares  that  He  wUl  come,  and 
John  —  speaking  for  the  redeemed  of  all  ages  —  responds 
with  a  most  enthusiastic:  "Even  so,  come,  Lord  Jesus!" 
Those  who  are  truly  saved  —  and  thus  prepared  for  life, 
death,  the  rapture,  and  eternity  —  need  have  no  fear 
at  the  thought  of  Christ's  coming  (whenever  or  how- 
ever that  coming  may  be).  Indeed,  the  vei->'  thought 
of  His  coming  for  His  own  should  solicit  from  each  of 
us  this  same  kind  of  a  response.  When  a  soul  is  on  con- 
stant watch,  and  thus  fully  prepared  ( through  life  of 
righteousness  and  true  holiness),  there  will  be  no  fear  — 
only   keen  anticipation  and   tip-toe  e.xpectancy. 

John  brings  this  epistle  to  a  close,  in  verse  21,  with 
a  salutation  w"hich  can  also  be  read  as  a  statement  of 
fact.  The  better  Greek  manuscripts  read:  "The  gi-ace 
of  the  Lord  Jesus  with  aU  (the  saints)."  Since  there  is 
no  verb  in  the  Greek,  we  can  read  this:  "The  grace  of 
the  Lard  Jesus  is  with  all  (the  saints)."  Certainly  it  is 
such  grace  as  this  that  provides  us  the  faith  in  Christ's 
coiming   which,    in    turn,    inspires  cur   ready  response   at 

Page   Fourteen 

The  Brethren  Evangrelist 

the  \-ei-y  thought.  It  is  this  veiy  "grace"  which  also 
binds  together  time  and  eternity  —  thus  dimming  our 
vision  of  this  present  world  and  onhancmg  our  faith- 
expeabancy  of  the  world  to  come  (cf.,  Heb.  11:8-10,  13- 

With  this  grace  of  Christ  ever  upon  us,  our  sweetest 
liope  —  and  most  earnest  prayer  —  will  be:  "Even  so,  do 
come,  Lord  Jesus!"  Only  when  He  does  "so  come"  will 
the  Paradise,  lost  in  the  fail,  become  the  Paradise  re- 

Lift  up  your  heads,  pilgrims  a-weary. 
See  day's  approach  now  crimson  the  sky; 

Night  shadows  flee,  and  your  Beloved, 

Awaited  with  longing  at  last  draweith  nigh. 

Dai'k  was  the  night,  sin  warred  against  us; 

Heavy  the  load  of  sorrow  we  bore; 
But  now  we  see  signs  of  His  coming; 

Our  hearts  glow  within  us,  joy's  cup  runneth  o'er! 

O  blessed  hope!    O  blissful  promise! 

Filling  our  hearts  with  rapture  divine; 
O  day  of  days!    Hail  Thy  appearing! 

Thy  transcendent  glory  forever  shall  shine! 

Even  so  come,  precious  Lord  Jesus; 

Creation  waits  redemption  to  see; 
Caught  up  in  clouds,  soon  we  shall  meet  Thee; 

O  blessed  assurance,  forever  with  Thee! 

— ^Mabel  Johnston  Camp 

968  —  Hope   and   An+i-Hope 

Religion  in  Review 


NORMAN  B.  ROHRER,  Director 

EP   News   Service 

NOT  EVEN  GOD  can  change  the  past,  so  the  record 
of  1968  will  stand  forever  as  men  lived  it  in  noble 
or  ignoble  pursuits. 

Every  day  an  average  of  324,000  liumEin  balMes  entered 
the  world  and  10,000  persons  stai-^-ed  to  death  or  died  of 
malnutrition.  In  addition,  123,000  persons  died  for  other 
reasons,  leaving  a  net  gain  of  aboot  190,000  per  day. 

In  their  agony  over  Pope  Paul  VI's  encyclical  Hunianae 
Vitae  banning  birth  control  (rated  by  the  secular  press 
as  the  top  religioius  story  of  the  year),  some  Roman 
Catholics  were  asking  if  the  Pontiff  should  retire. 

The  dominant  mood  of  moist  ghetto  youth  was  tragic 
apathy,  while  anger  and  violence  prevailed  among  the 
more  pri\'ileged  in  colleges  and  uni\ersities. 

The  cost  of  living  rose  steadily  in  1968  but  Americans 
were  voluntarily  contributing  more  than  ever  to  chari- 
table enteri>rises.  Citizens  of  the  U.S.  spent  $130  mUUon 
for  missionary  work  but  $30  billion  on  gambling,  $20 
biUion  on  crime,  $9  billion  on  liquor,  $5  bUlion  on  tobacco, 
S3  billion  on  house  pets  and  $175  miUion  on  dog  food. 
The  $100  million  spent  on  comic  books  was  four  times 
the  annual  budget  of  all  public  libraries  in  tlie  U.S. 

The  cry  of  "collective  guilt"  followed  the  crack  of  the 
assassin's  rifle  that  killed  Martin  Luther  King  Jr.  Three 
months  later  a  fresh  grave  enclosed  the  body  of  U.S. 
Senator  Robert  F.  Kennedy  while  a  shocked  nation 
mourned  further  violence  and  a  swarthy,  ex-Simday 
school  Jordanian  pupil  was  brought  to  trial  for  the 

Communities  of  Amish  left  for  Paraguay,  objecting  to 
the  nation's  strident  anti-religious  sentiment  .  .  .  its  wag- 
ing of  a  "morally  indefensible  war  in  Vietnam"  .  .  . 
and  tlie  popularizing  of  respect  for  sexual  freedom  as 
a  fundamental  civU  liberty. 

Pollsters  discovered  that  97  per  cent  of  the  American 
people  attested  to  a  belief  in  God,  but  Maryland's  245- 
year-old  law  against  blasphemy  was  challenged  in  court 

.  .  .  TV  fare  was  dominated  by  ugliness,  noise  and  vio- 
lence .  .  .  rampant  gonorrhea  raced  "out  of  control"  .  .  . 
and  wife  swapping  became  a  national  scandal. 

But  men  of  good  wUl  were  busy  too,  settling  189,381 
Cuban  refugees,  struggling  with  the  moral  questions  of 
transplanting  human  organs,  gathering  1,200  strong  to 
pray  with  President  Johnson,  and  breaking  into  TV  with 
warnings  about  health  hazards  in  cigarette  smoking.  The 
nation  elected  a  Quaker  President  and  an  Episcopalian 
Vice  President. 

Churches  merged,  marched  and  mingled  in  ecumenical 
accord  in  1968  and  a  "theology  of  liope"  was  seen  to  be 
winning  over  the  "God  is  dead"  doctrine.  The  Methodist 
and  Evangelical  United  Brethren  Churches  merged  to 
form  Tlie  United  Methodist  Church,  largest  of  the  na- 
tion's religious  denominations.  The  Wesleyan  Methodists 
united  with  the  Pilgrim  Holiness  Church  to  form  The 
Wesleyan  Church  and  then  set  about  to  woo  the  Free 

The  associate  director  of  the  Institute  for  Advanced 
Pastoral  Studies  declared  that  America  has  reached  the 
end  of  its  preaching  era  and  charged  tliat  a  communica- 
tion crisis  exists  in  the  Christian  church.  Clandestine 
worship  among  "floating"  Ro-man  Catholic  parishes  cele- 
brated unauthorized  Mass  iii  living  room  sanctuaries. 
Underpaid  clargymen  were  tei-med  a  "national  disgrace" 
but  famed  atheist  Madalyn  Mtirray  O'Hair  angrily  de- 
nounced tax-exempt  churches  for  hiding  their  wealth. 

Ghetto  banks  received  large  amounts  of  church  money, 
ministers  took  to  the  streets  in  support  of  a  variety  of 
social  causes  and  a  Negro  was  cast  in  the  role  of  Messiah 
in  a  lai-ge-scale  dramatic  production  in  Atlanta,  but 
pollsters  still  reported  finding  hea\'y  racial  bias  among 
white  Gentile  church  people.  The  director  of  the  Office 
ot  Economic  Opportunity  said  the  U.S.  cannot  win  the 
war  on  po\'erty  without  the  help  of  church  people.  "The 
Old  Hugged  Cross"   was  found  again   to  be  the  favorite 

Januarj    4,  1969 

Page  Fifteen 

hymn  of  most  U.S.  and  Canadian  believers. 

Missionary  enterprise  flourished,  despite  the  deadening 
influence  of  affluence,  reaching  out  to  earth's  remotest 
regions  through  God's  ministers  of  reconciliation.  The 
year  began  with  9,200  earnest  students  at  the  IVCF- 
sponsored  8th  tri-ennial  Missionary  Convention  bowed  in 
prayer  at  commLmion.  Veteran  missionaries  pushed  be- 
yond cixiUzed  areas  to  contact  down-river  Aucas.  They 
ministered  to  Olympic  athletes  in  Grenoble,  France,  and 
Me.xico  City  and  in  the  ghettoes  of  urban  jungles.  Six 
died  in  one  day  a.t  the  liands  of  Viet  Cong  while  others 
by  other  angry  men  or  in  accidents. 

Radio  penetrated  lands  where  missionaiy  presence  is 
forbidden,  reaching  t  li  e  antennas  of  an  estimated 
540,000,000  receivers  throughout  the  world. 

Church  growth  expert  Dr.  Donald  McGa\-ran  declared 
at  the  amiual  Seminar  on  Chuix;h  Growth  in  Winona 
Lake,  Indiana,  that  the  world  has  "more  winnable  people 
than  ever  before,"  but  a  young  Protestant  theologian  in 
Maine  stated  that  "the  shocking  fact  of  religion  today  is 
that  the  world  is  not  going  to  be  saved  for  Christianity." 
At  the  beginning  of  this  century-,  he  said,  one-third  of  the 
world  was  Christian.  By  the  time  the  year  2,000  arrives, 
less  than  22  per  cent  will  be  Christian. 

Communists  contended  that  there  is  really  no  contra- 
diction between  the  aims  of  Christianity  and  "real  social- 
ism," and  inaugurated  in  Prague  the  growing  phenomenon 
of  dialogue  with  Christians. 

The  Church  lost  this  yeai'  such  stalwarts  as  Charles 
E.  Fuller,  minister  for  43  years  on  the  "Old  Fashioned 
Revival  Hour"  broadcast;  Daniel  A.  Poling  of  Christian 
Herald  magazine  and  Cliristian  Herald  Charities;  Joe 
Blinco,  foiiner  Methodist  minister  of  England,  11  yeai-s 
an  associate  of  BUly  Graham,  and  director  of  the  Forest 
Home  Christian  Conference  Center  in  California;  theok)- 
gians  Edward  J.  Young  of  Westminster  Theological  Sem- 
inai-y  and  Alva  J.  McClain,  founder  of  Grace  Theological 
Seminai-y;  Bob  Jones  Sr.,  founder  of  Bob  Jones  Univoi'- 
sity  and  "one  of  the  last  of  the  old-time  evangelists"; 
Viotoi-y  Cory,  founder  of  Scripture  Press;  and  Franklin 
Clark  Fi-y,  president  of  the  Lutheran  Church  in  America. 

Publishing  ventures  of  the  Chui'ch  were  crimped  by  a 
January  7  postal  hike  in  bulk  mail  costs  but  the  leaden 
soldiers  of  the  printing  press  marched  on.  The  American 
Bible  Society  placed  its  50  millionth  copy  of  the  Scrip- 
tures with  men  and  women  of  the  Armed  Forces.  More 
tlian  100,000  pieces  of  gospel  literature  were  distributed 
in  15  languages  at  the  Olympic  meets  on  two  continents. 
Records  were  published  to  show  that  one  complete  bool-; 
of  the  Bible,  at  least,  has  now  been  published  in  1,326 
languages  and  dialects  around  the  globe.  Cooperati\-e  ef- 
forts among  15  organizations  engaged  in  printing,  pub- 
lishing and  distributing  of  the  Holy  Scriptures  and  re- 
lated material  were  hammered  out  in  an  infonnal  Chi- 
cago meeting  sponsored  by  the  new  Evangelical  Fellow- 
ship of  Scripture  Distributors.  The  first  chapter  of  Evan- 
gelical Press  in  Colleges  (EPIC),  sponsored  jointly  by 
Evangelical  Literature  Overseas  and  the  Evangelical 
Press  Association,  was  organized  on  the  campus  of  Whea- 
ton  College.  The  Salvation  Army  celebrated  100  years 
of  evangelism  through  the  printed  word  and  President 
Lyndon  Johnson  named  three  clergj-men  to  ser\'e  on  an 
18-member  commission  on  obscenity  and  pornography. 

Scliools  thrived  in  most  places,  despite  the  lengthy  and 
dishonorable  New  York  teachers'  strike  and  soaring  costs 

of  education.  New  York  eliminated  the  Blaine  Amend- 
ment banning  government  aid  to  sectarian  schools  while 
the  Supreme  Court  let  stand  a  1965  New  York  law  re- 
quiring public  school  systems  to  lend  textbooks  to  stu- 
dents in  private  and  parochial  schools. 

Legislation  was  passed  unanimously  by  the  Pennsyl- 
\'ania  State  Senate  authorizijig  public  schools  in  the 
Commonwealth  to  have  a  period  of  silent  prayer  or  med- 
itation before  the  beginning  of  the  school  day. 

Baccalaureate  ser\'ices  were  ruled  unconstitutional  in 
Minnesota  if  sponsored  by  public  schools. 

According  to  a  Louis  Harris  Sun-ey  in  mid-summer. 
78  per  cent  of  the  American  people  feel  that  the  U.S. 
Supreme  Court  was  vvTong  in  banning  prayer  from  pub- 
lic schools. 

Science  strode  v\-itli  giant  steps  across  the  span  of  1968. 
A  new  system  of  record  keeping  called  "electro-optics" 
succeeded  in  reducing  letters  as  much  as  one  million 
times  so  that  tiiey  must  be  read  through  a  liigh-powered 
microscope.  This  mai-riage  of  electricity  and  optics  re- 
duced the  entire  King  James  Version  of  tile  Bible  to  a 
slip  of  jilastic  one  and  one-quarter  inches  square. 

A  sun  cooker  for  the  disadvantaged  nations  delivered 
558  watts  of  power  and  could  bring  four  pints  of  water 
to  a  boil  in  22  minutes.  It  was  marketed  for  $10  and  was 
guaranteed  to  last  a  decade. 

There  were  more  than  100  lieart  transplants,  but  slight- 
ly fewer  than  half  the  number  of  patients  survi\-ed.  From 
Moscow  came  the  charge  that  the  organ  transplants  by 
Western  doctors  threatened  indigents  who  could  be  mur- 
dered and   their  vital  organs  sold. 

Youth  revolt  in  1968  was  \'iewed  as  a  struggle  to  over- 
come a  lack  of  guidelines  and  shape  a  better  purpose 
than  because  of  a  disregard  for  guidelines  already  laid 
dowai.  Despite  the  bad  press  of  a  small  percentage,  col- 
legians turned  out  in  great  numbers  to  work  for  their 
chosen  Presidential  candidate.  Teens  contacted  by  Gil- 
bert Youth  Research  reportedly  rated  the  Bible  as  the 
most  popular  book.  But  in  Vietnam,  a  chaplain  among 
Ixi'mbai-ded  Marines  at  the  Khe  Sanh  said  he  did  indeed 
find  atheists  in  foxholes  even  during  the  heaviest  shelling. 

For  the  people  of  God,  the  year  1968  made  the  world 
a  little  bigger  in  tei-ms  of  opportunities  for  service.  High 
speed  printing  presses,  faster  jets,  better  communications 
media,  more  refmed  medical  procedures  —  cdl  offered 
greater  means  for  bagging  the  restiess  globe.  The  third 
meeting  of  evangelical  leaders  at  the  Key  Bridge  Motel 
near  Washington,  D.C.  brought  American  theological 
conservatives  closer  to  spu'itual  and  operational  unity  as 
they  selected  Newark.  N.J.  for  cooperative  efforts  in 

Among  the  large  questions  of  the  hom-  came  another  in 
the  minature  world  of  Peanuts  as  Cartoonist  Cliarles 
Schulz  introduced  Franklin,  tlie  strip's  first  Negro  char- 
acter. Linus  needs  his  security  blanket;  Snoopy  is  the 
Walter  Mitty  of  dogdom;  Charlies  BrowTi  is  still  the  pa- 
tient loser.  But  will  Franklin  be  a  belie\-able  human  be- 
ing who  has  some  evident  personal  failing?  Or  wiU  he  be 
the  perfect  little  black  mam.  WiU  he  be  a  character  wlio 
is  more  than  black,  whose  weaknesses  are  both  evident 
and  believable? 

But  now  history  has  again  triumphed  over  time  and 
the  sajids  of  another  year  have  all  njn  through  the  glass. 
Let  us  learn  from  the  lessons  of  1968  at  the  close  of  the 
sixties  and  pray  in  hope  at  the  doorway  of  a  new  decade. 

Page  Sixteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


by  Rev.  Kent  Bennett i 

EACH  ORGANIZATION  in  oiu-  naaon 
is  known  for  its  unique  contribution 
to  mankind.  Schools,  colleges  and  semin- 
aries are  knottTi  for  education;  hospitals 
are  known  for  healing;  goveiTiment  is 
known  for  law  and  order;  business  and  in- 
dustry are  known  for  employment  and 
l>roduQtion,  but  what  is  the  unique  contri- 
bution of  the  Ohristian  Church?  What  is 
the  greatest  and  highest  and  all  sui"passing 
contributiom  and  quality  of  the  church  to 
the  world?  Is  it  faith?  is  it  hope?  is  it 
dedication?  is  it  obedience?  is  it  forgive- 
ness? I  am  sure  most  of  us  will  give  the 
correct  doctrinal  answer  .  .  .  Will  we  give 
the  right  answer  ui  our  living?  Of  course 
the  answer,  tlie  only  answer,  is  love. 

We  will  all  agree  with  that  in  theory  but 
few  have  translated  it  into  life;  and  so  the 
world  languishes,  men  gi-oan  in  dismay  and 
ultter  despair  and  life  on  earth  becomes 
unbeai-iable  as  humanity's  occupation  of  the 
earth  draws  to  its  rapid  and  disasterous 
close.  Tills  happens  despite  the  fact  that 
the  Christian  retvelation  of  love  caused  a 
revolution  in  the  First  Century  and  still 
does  when  it  is  rediscovered  and  practiced. 

When  Christian  love  arrived  the  old 
ideas  of  love  had  to  be  replaced  with  new 
ones.  When  it  descended  the  old  words 
for  love  were  no  longer  adequate  to  de- 
scribe the  new  quality  of  love  which  had 
entered  a  tired  and  hostUe  woirtd.  Had  that 
love  not  entered  wlien  it  did  human  history 
on  earth  may  well  have  ended  centuries 
and  centuries  earlier.  Now  once  again  we 
sliall  all  perish  and  be  destroyed  unless  we 
rediscover  this  new  quality  of  love.  We 
must  learn  to  love  or  we  wiU  all  perish. 
All  of  this  only  underscores  the  importance 
of  Love's  Description. 

I  am  fairly  convinced  tliat  nothing  is 
moa-e  important  to  the  Christian  Church 
a.nd  to  the  world  than  the  rediscovery  of 
the  revolutionary  love  of  Jesus  Christ  and 

the  incarnation  of  that  love  in  the  lives  of 
Christians  everywhere.  When  we  rediscov- 
er It  we  may  conquer  our  generation  and 
world  as  the  first  Christians  did  theirs. 
But  if  we  are  to  discover  it  we  must  first 
describe  it  and  translate  it  into  the  langu- 
age of  everj'day  living.  Therefore  let  each 
of  us,  as  oaie  man,  open  the  Sacred  Book 
of  God  to  the  Hymn  of  Love  which  stands 
guard  at  the  heart  of  the  Bible  in  I  Cor- 
inthians 13.  As  we  do  let  us  move  rapidly 
down  its  paragraphs  until  our  eyes  come  to 
rest  on  chapter  14,  verse  1:  "FoUow  after 
charity,  and  desire  spiritual  gifts,  but 
rather  that  ye  may  prophesy."  From  this 
day  foii-ward  and  forevermore  may  it  be  the 
great  quest  of  each  life  hei-e  to  make  love, 
God's  love,  Christ's  love.  Christian  lo\'e 
your  aim! 

But  what  is  it?  Perhaps  we  shall  dis- 
cover as  we  view:  (1)  Love's  possibilities 
and  its  demonstration;  (2)  Love's  perform- 
ance and  its  description;  (3)  Love's  per- 
manence and  its  destiny. 
I.  IjO\'e's  possibilities  and  its  demonstra- 

The  possibilities  of  love  are  almost  end- 
less. No  door  seems  closed  to  real  love. 
The  question  whidh  repeatedly  plagues  us 
concerns  how  to  demonstra,te  the  love  we 
long  to  express.  Just  what  is  love  In  plain, 
simple  English?  How  can  we  best  show  it, 
give  ilt,  live  it?  The  first  church  faced  this 
question  and  every  church  since  has  faced 

Many  Christian  people  throughout  the 
ages  have  decided  that  it  is  love  to  exorcise 
your  God-given  gifts  in  the  sei-vice  of 
others.  The  early  church  recognized  a 
number  of  such  gifts.  Several  of  them  are 
discussed  in  I  Corinthians  13:1-3:  "Though 
I  speak  with  the  tongues  of  men  and  of 
angels,  and  have  not  charity,  I  am  become 
as  sounding  brass,  or  a  tinkling  cymbal. 
And   though   I  have  the  gift  of  prophecy, 

January  4,  1969 

Page  Seventeen 


and  uiiderstajid  all  mysteries,  aiid  aJl 
knowledge;  and  though  I  have  all  fejth,  so 
that  I  could  remove  mountauis,  and  have 
not  charity,  I  am  nothing.  And  though  I 
bestow  all  my  goods  to  feed  the  poor,  and 
though  I  give  my  body  to  be  burned,  and 
have  not  oharitj',  it  profiteth  me  notliing." 

Three  of  these  gifts  are  closely  related. 
They  are  the  gift  of  tongues,  the  gift  of 
preaching  and  the  gift  of  sph'itual  knowl- 
edge. All  have  to  do  with  spiritual  growth 
and  advancement.  Surely  if  God  has  given 
a  man  the  ability  to  speak  in  tongues  to 
the  church  and  he  does  so  faithfully,  he  is 
demonstrating  love?  Or  perhaps  anotheir 
individual  has  been  gifted  with  powerful 
and  inspirmg  preaching  ability.  If  he  uses 
that  ability  to  encout-age  the  faith  of  others 
then  is  he  not  demonstrating  love?  What 
of  tlie  teacher  of  Christian  truth?  If  he 
uses  his  wisdom  and  undei-standing  of  the 
Christian  revelation  to  timn  the  mind  and 
hearts  of  others,  who  can  doubt  his  love? 
So  did  the  early  church  reason. 

Another  coveted  gift  then  and  now  is 
the  gift  of  faith.  Oh,  how  we  all  long  for 
more  faith.  We  hunger  for  a  dynamic  faith 
which  takes  hold  of  God's  blessings  on  be- 
half of  man  in  all  of  his  many  needs.  Here 
at  last  we  must  be  m  the  presence  of  love? 
Those  Who  believe  God  with  undaimted 
faiith  surely  are  among  earth's  greatest 
lovers,  and  yet  the  inspired  author  of  the 
Hymm  of  Love  unhesitantly  declares  verse 
1  and  2.  We  sit  with  our  mouths  open  at 
the  thought.  Who  would  have  believed  that 
speaking  in  tongues,  preaching,  teaching 
and  practicing  faith  could  all  be  done 
without  love?    But  they  can  and  often  are! 

We  search  more  frantically  to  discover 
love's  demonstration.  Our  confused  minds 
and  hearts  jump  to  two  more  conclusions. 
Who  could  deny,  who  could  disagree  with 
the  statement  that  giving  charity  is  a  dem- 
onstration  of  love?     Certalnlv   if  someone 

sells  all  of  his  possessions  and  aJl  of  his 
property  and  gives  all  of  this  to  the  poor 
and  needy  and  then  stands  with  empty 
pockets  —  certainly  then  we  ai'e  witness- 
ing love!  And  who  could  dispute  the  prop- 
ositiion  that  inartj'rtlom  qutdifies  as  love? 
It  would  seem  unquestionable  that  some- 
one who  gives  his  tody  to  be  burned  at 
the  stake  because  of  his  faith  in  Christ  is 
showing  love.  So  with  what  degree  of 
amazement  and  disbelief  do  we  read  the 
words  of  verse  3? 

We  often  wonder  liow  best  to  sen'e  hu- 
manity; we  struggle  to  ascertain  where  we 
can  give  the  most  to  a  world  in  need.  Fre- 
quently we  conclude  that  we  can  serve 
best  and  gi\'e  most  through  preaching,  or 
believing  or  philanthropic  endeavors  or 
maybe  by  becoming  a  martyr.  How  shock- 
ing to  leam  then  that  we  can  do  all  of 
these  and  still  not  love  and  stUl  be  of  no 
value  and  little  help.  How  can  it  be  so? 
It  is  so  because  our  motives  may  be  all 
WTong.  It  is  all  too  easy  to  do  the  right 
thing  for  the  wrong  motive,  but  if  Agape 
love,  God's  kind  of  lo\-e,  is  our  motive  and 
our  driving  force  then  preaching,  belie\-ing, 
gi\'ing  and  dying  are  of  great  power  and 
great  value.  This  is  love's  possibility  and 
its  demonstration.  So  let  us  follow  after 
love;  make  love  our  aim. 
II.     Love's  performance  and  its  description 

How  shall  we  evaluate  love's  perfoi-m- 
ance  as  described  in  verses  4-7?  I  would  be 
surprised  if  you  hadn't  realized  lalready 
that  these  verses  are  a  desci-iption  of  ithe 
personality  of  Jesus  Christ.  It  is  quite  cor- 
rect to  replace  the  word  love  with  the  name 
Jesus  and  read:  "Jesus  suffereth  long,  and 
is  kind;  Jesus  envieth  not;  Jesus  A-aunteth 
not  himself,  is  not  puffed  up,  Doth  not  be- 
have himself  unseemly,  seeketh  not  his 
own,  is  not  easUy  provoked,  thinketh  no 
evil;  Rejoiceth  not  in  iniquity,  but  rejoic- 
eth    in    the    truth;    Beareth    all    things,    be- 

Page  Eighteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

lieveth  all  things,  hopeth  all  things,  endur- 
eth  all  things."  What  a  lovely  X-ray  this 
is  oif  the  inner  heart  of  Jesus  Christ.  In 
addition,  these  verses  are  a  description  of 
love,  the  new  kind  of  love  brought  into  the 
world  by  Jesus  Christ  and  intended  for 
every  Chi-istian.  This  is  not  boy  meet  gii-1 
kind  of  love,  this  is  not  love  of  country, 
this  is  not  family  love.  It  is  God's  love, 
Christ's  love.  Christian  love.  No  unbeliev- 
er can  love  this  way  and  no  Chi-istian  can 
without  surrendering  to  and  being  flooded 
by  the  Holy  Spirit  of  God  in  the  inner  be- 

Let  us  take  a  closer  look  at  this  new 
quality  of  love.  Let  us  ask  If  this  is  the 
kind  of  love  which  characterizes  our  cliuroh 
life,  our  family  life,  oui-  life  in  the  com- 
munity. If  it  isn't  we  may  well  have  dis- 
covei'ed  both  why  the  church  has  lost  her 
cutting  edge  and  how  to  regain  it.  In  this 
passage  we  find  seven  things  love  is  and 
seven  things  it  is  not;  seven  things  it  does 
and  seven  things  it  won't  do.  To  end  on 
a  positive  note  we  wUl  begin  with  the  seven 
negatives,  buit  in  them  all  we  must  see 
Christian  individuals  in  relatioaiship  to 
other  Christians;  in  relatiojiship  to  hus- 
bands, wives,  children,  relatives,  friends  and 
enemies.  This  is  love  in  action,  love  in 
daily  life,  love  that  is  much,  much  more 
than  a  mere  ideal  or  a  mere  emotion. 

First  we  see  "love  does  not  envy  —  is 
not  jealous.  It  has  been  said  there  are 
only  itwo  classes  of  people  in  the  world  — 
"Those  who  are  millionaires  and  tliose  who 
would  like  to  be."  Or  shall  we  call  them 
haves  and  have  nots?  Anyway  our  world 
is  in  ti'ouble  because  men  do  envy  what 
othei-s  ha\-e  and  because  men  who  have 
what  others  need  won't  share.  But  love 
learns  to  be  content  with  its  gifts,  oppor- 
tunities, abilities,  possessions  and  position 
in  life.  Are  you  or  are  you  not  jealous  of 
others  who  have  more  than  you  do? 

Second,  verse  4  indicates  that  love  is 
not  boastful.  Love  doesn't  brag  or  blow 
its  own  horn.  Probably  someone  who  al- 
ways points  out  how  loving  he  is,  isn't. 
Love  is  kept  humble  by  realizing  that  it  can 
never  offer  the  loved  one  a  gift  good 

Third,  love  doesn't  become  puffed  up.  It 
is  altogether  too  easy  to  become  inflated 
with  our  own  importance.  But  love  is  able 
to  work  with  others  and  to  value  the  con- 
tributions and  the  talents  and  viewpoints 
of  Others  as  much  as  or  more  than  its  own. 
What  about  tliat  husbands,  wives,  minis- 
ters, laymen,  board  members. 

Fourth,  love  does  not  use  bad  manners. 
Love  is  gracious  and  thoughtful  and  cour- 
teous. Some  people  think  they  are  loving 
When   they  are   brutally  frank   and  When, 

as  they  say,  they  call  a  spade  a  spade.  Not 
so  for  love  has  and  uses  taot,  diplomacy 
and  good  manners. 

Love's  fifth  negative  is  that  it  does  not 
seek  its  own.  The  curse  of  the  world  and 
its  ultimate  ruin  wUl  be  caused  by  selfish- 
ness and  self  centeredness.  In  our  day 
people  in  factories  and  stores,  labor  and 
management,  unions,  etc.,  all  too  often 
think  constantly  of  their  own  rights  when 
they  ought  to  be  thinking  of  their  respon- 
sibilities; think  of  what  they  get  rather 
than  what  they  can  give.  Chris^tian  love  in 
the  church,  in  the  family,  in  the  world 
does  not  insist  on  its  own  way  or  rights. 

Sbith,  love  is  not  easUy  angered.  In  'this 
day  of  tension  and  anxiety  we  are  all  often 
short  tempered  and  irritable.  But  if  we 
are  continually  thin-skinned,  easily  offend- 
ed, touchy  and  temperamental,  then  we 
are  not  full  of  the  love  of  Christ. 

The  seventh  aspect  of  love  on  the  nega- 
ti\-e  side  is  that  love  thinks  no  evil.  This 
means  that  the  person  full  of  Christ's  love 
will  not  keep  an  account  book  in  which  he 
makes  a  list  of  wrongs  done  to  him.  For 
keeping  a  list  of  wrongs  only  helps  nurse 
and  enlarge  a  grudge.  These  seven  things 
lov-e  does  not  do.  Can  it  then  be  said  that 
Christ's  love  fUls  and  controls  you? 

The  positive  aspects  of  love  are  very 
revealing  and  ti'emendouBly  challenging. 
As  we  view  them  we  see  love  under  fire, 
love  tested  to  the  breaking  point;  and  it 
all  takes  place  in  the  context  of  the  fel- 
lowship of  the  Chrisltian  Chui'ch!  These 
are  the  attitudes  and  the  actions  and  the 
motives  which  should  characterize  our  life 
together  in  the  church. 

First,  love  suffers  long.  That  is  a  simple 
and  beautiful  way  to  describe  patience. 
This  is  patience  with  people  noit  with  cir- 
cumstances. When  the  love-mastered  Chris- 
tian has  been  wronged,  he  is  patient,  he 
suffers  long,  he  does  noit  stiTke  back. 

Second,  lo\-e  is  Icind.  It  is  possible  to  be 
good  without  being  kind,  possible  to  be  pa- 
tient withoult  being  kind;  but  love  is  kind, 
is  tender,  is  generous  and  helpful  to  those 
who  wrong  it. 

Third,  love  rejoices  not  In  evil  but  re- 
joices in  ti-uth.  It  is  pi"oof  of  man's  fallen 
sinful  condition  that  people  deUght  in  talk- 
ing about  and  exposing  tlie  weakness  and 
sins  and  failures  of  others,  but  love  doesn't; 
it  weeps  o\'ei-  sin  and  it  is  heartbroken 
when  someone  else  falls  or  fails. 

Foui'th,  love  bears  all  tilings.  This  is 
patience  with  circumstances  and  situations. 
This  is  endurance  in  the  face  of  difficulty 
and   trouble. 

Fifth,  lo\-e  believes  all  things.  Oh,  but 
the  world  protests  ithait  to  do  so  is  to  be 
naive  and  blind,  but  when  love  believes  all 

anuary  4,  1969 

Page  Nineteen 

things  it  refuses  to  be  suspicious.  Some 
people  are  always  suspicious  of  evei-ything 
and  everybody  but  not  the  love-mastered 
Christian.  Love  always  believes  the  best 
about  others  and  by  its  faith  love  makes 
them  what  it  believes  them  to  be! 

Sixth,  love  also  hopes  all  things.  When 
it  is  WTonged  it  continues  to  hope  for  the 
best  from  the  person  wronging  it.  Love 
knows  that  no  man  and  no  woman  and 
no  world  is  hopeless  to  God  and  so  it  goes 
on  hoping. 

Finally  love  endures  all  things.  When  it 
has  been  hurt,  when  it  had  been  insulted, 
when  it  has  met  tragedy  and  defeat  love 
stands  its  ground  and  endures.  Love  is 
undefeatable:  it  can  never  be  conquered. 
This  is  the  performance  and  the  descrip- 
tion of  love,  God's  love,  Christ's  love,  Chi-is- 
tian  love.  Does  it  describe  your  love?  Fol- 
low after  love;   make  such  love  your  aim. 

III.     Love's  permanence  and  its  destiny 

Now  contemplate  with  me  love's  per- 
manence and  its  destiny.  When  we  compare 
the  gift  of  love  with  the  other  gifts  God 
lias  given  the  church  —  what  do  we  find? 
We  discover  that  prophecy  and  preaching 
have  a  temporary  purpose.  When  that  pur- 
pose is  fulfilled,  prophecy  and  preaciiing 
wHI  \'anLSh  forever.  We  learn  as  well  that 
tongues  and  teaching  have  a  fleeting  mean- 
ing and  a  transient  mission,  and  when 
then-  job  is  done  they  too  will  vanish  fi-om 
the  scene  of  life.  While  all  else  is  failing, 
and  coming  to  its  appointed  end,  we  see 
love  rising  to  the  zenith  of  its  glory  as 
the  one  immortal  gift  in  the  midst  of  many 
mortal  gifts.  These  high  gifts,  these  good 
gifts  pass  away  and  love  alone  remains  in 
all  of  its  splendor  and  dignity.  Therefore 
follow  after  love,  make  such  love  your  aim. 

Even  as  I  have  preached  this  message  I 
have  felt  judged  and  challenged  by  it. 
We  like  to  hear  messages  about  love.  We 
think  they  are  wonderful  but  they  aren't. 
For  as  long  as  the  message  of  I  Corin- 
thians 13  remains  in  the  book,  remains  a 
stranger  to  life,  and  living  becomes  a  mere 
ideal  then  it  too  is  notliing,  is  useless  and 
of  no  value.  This  kind  of  love  must  be- 
come our  e-xperience  with  each  other  in  our 

churches,  in  our  homes,  and  in  our  com- 
munity witness.  This  should  be  the  Breth- 
ren distinctive,  the  Bi-etliren  cliarter.  This 
should  be  the  result  of  the  Love  Feast,  of 
feet  wasliing,  of  being  Brethren  in  Christ. 
Is  it? 

Why  did  it  take  humanity  so  long  to 
discover  the  preeminence  of  love?  Why 
did  it  take  the  world  religions  so  long  to 
disclose  that  God  is  love?  Why  was  it  that 
Jesus  Christ  didn't  ever  say  God  is  love? 
John  the  apostle  who  did  say  it  wasn't 
able  to  until  he  had  experienced  it  and 
seen  it  lived  out  in  a  liuman  life.  Jesus 
Chi'ist  didn't  preach  a  seiinon  on  love  nor 
did  He  set  an  unrealistic  ideal  of  love  or 
say  in  mere  words  Ood  is  love,  but  He  did 
say  God  is  lo\'e  in  the  only  way  it  can  be 
said  and  be  meaningful.  He  said  it  by  His 
life,  b.v  His  deeds,  by  His  death  and  b.\ 
His  victory  over  all  of  the  enemies  of  man- 
kind. If  our  denomination  is  e\-er  going  to 
evangelize  25,000  by  1975  we  can  only  do 
it  by  deeds,  by  Ufe,  by  death,  by  rising 
from  the  dead  with  Christ.  Let  us  rise  to 
the  task  as  we  make  love  oiu:  aim! 

As  few  men  have,  Abraham  Lincoln  lived 
Christian  love.  One  example  of  this  is 
showii  in  this  stoiy.  A  man  named  Stanton 
treated  Lincoln  with  contempt.  He  called 
him  a  low  breed  clo-\vn.  He  nicknamed  him 
the  original  gorUla,  but  Lincoln  said  noth- 
ing. Later  he  made  Stanton  his  Minister  of 
War  Ijecause  he  was  the  best  man  for  the 
job.  Lincoln  was  patient,  kind  and  he  be- 
lieved, endui-ed  and  hoped  all  things.  Time 
passed;  Lincoln  was  assassinated.  Then 
Stanton  came  to  the  i-vxim  where  Lincoln's 
body  laid.  He  looked  into  Lincoln's  silent 
face  and  said  thi'oug'h  hot  teai-s,  "There 
lies  one  of  the  greatest  rulers  of  men  the 
woi'ld  has  ever  seen."  Love  had  conquered! 

Christian  love  has  done  what  mere  words 
could  never  do.  Therefore  make  love  your 
aim;  follow  after  such  Im^e  in  your  witnes- 
sing and  go  out  to  help  tlie  world  rediscov- 
er its  only  hope  and  its  only  help.  Tliose 
who  allow  Chi-ist  to  love  through  them 
in  this  way  will  never  peiTsh  and  will  con- 
quer tlieii-  world  for  the  Son  of  God.  Will 
you  be  among  them?  You  will  if  you  let 
God's  love  prevail! 

"Love's  Description"  is  the  second  sub 
topic  under  the  General  Conference  theme: 
"Let  God's  Love  PrevaiL"  Rev.  Bennett,  pas- 
tor of  the  First  Brethren  Church,  North  Lib- 
erty, Indiana,  presented  the  above  address 
on  Thursday  morning  of  General  Conference. 

Page  Twenty 

The  Bretliren  Evang^elist 

Walcrest  (Mansfield),  Ohio.  On  Suji- 
da>-.  December  22.  a  carr>-Ln  dinner 
was  enjoyed  by  many  of  the  mem- 
bei-s  in  honor  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dale 
Shamp  and  family  who  have  moved 
recently  to  St.  Louis,  Missouri, 
where  Mr.  Shamp  received  a  pro- 
motion in  his  work.  The  Shamps 
have  been  mem.bers  of  the  Walcrest 
Church  for  a  short  time,  but  during 
that  time  have  been  vei-y  active 
and  helpful  in  the  activities  of  tlie 
church.  They  were  just  recently 
elected  to  the  Deacons  Board. 

The  work  on  the  inside  of  the 
new  building  is  progressing  vei-y 
nicely  and  it  is  hoped  that  the  first 
warship  service  will  be  conducted 
late  in  Januai-y  or  early  in  Febru- 

Derby,  Kajis.  The  local  youth  group 
has  begun  a  visitation  program  in 
Derby  which  consiste  of  making 
personal  visits  to  newcomers.  The 
youth  are  engaged  in  various  acti\-- 
ities  to  raise  funds  for  the  project 

Fort  Scott,  Kans.  Rev.  RusseU  Gor- 
don reports  that  revival  seivices 
were  just  completed  with  Rev.  W. 
St.  Clair  Benshoff  of  Hagersitown, 
Maryland,  as  e\'angelist.  The  re- 
sponse was  very  good. 

Mulvane,  Kans.  Rev.  Carl  Barber  re- 
ports that  the  attendance  at  the 
last  Communion  service  was  the 
highest  that  the  church  has  Ivnown 
for  several  years. 

Special  speakers  for  special  ser\- 
ices  were  as  follows:  Mr.  David 
Radcliff,  son  of  Rev.  and  Mre.  Jer- 
ald  RadclLff  of  Masontown,  Penn- 
sylvania, was  tlie  speaker  for  the 
Youth  meeting  of  December  1.  Mi-. 
Ken  Anderson,  director  of  Youth 
for  Christ,  Wichita,  Kansas,  was 
the  guest  speaker  for  the  Laymen 
on  December  19. 

Tucson,  Arizona.  R  e  \' .  Clarence 
StogsdUl  reports  through  h  i  s 
church  bulletin  that  a  new  organ 
was  dedicated  on  Sunday,  Novcm- 
l)er  24,  1968.  Mi-s.  Vada  Seller  is 
the   organist   for  the   church. 


HOSTETLER.  Mrs.  Violet  Hostet- 
lor,  aged  71,  passed  away  on  Sat- 
urday, November  30,  1968.  Mrs.  Hos- 
teller was  a  member  of  the  Brethren 
Church  in  SmithvUle,  Ohio,  for  59 
years.  Funeral  sei-\'ices  were  conduc- 
ted by  the  undersigned. 

Rev.  Don  Rinehart 

::-  :i:  * 

CAMPBELL.  Mr.  Edgar  Campbell, 
age  68,  passed  away  recently.  He 
was  a  member  of  the  First  Brethren 
Church  of  Roann,  Indiana.  Services 
were  held  in  the  church  on  Tuesday, 
December  3,  1968,  by  the  undersign- 
ed. Interment  was  in  the  Odd  Fel- 
lows Cemetei"y  of  Roann. 

Rev.  Herbert  Gilmer 


BROY-SWEENEY.  At  an  impres- 
sive double-ring  ceremony  on  August 
17,  1968,  in  the  United  Methodist 
Church  of  Middletown,  Virginia,  Miss 
Donna  Broy  and  Mr.  Charles  Milton 
Sweeney  were  united  in  marriage  by 
the  groom's  pastor,  Rev.  Glenn 

Mrs.  J.  Frankie  Derflinger 

^     *      ■■':■■ 

LLOYD-WHITMER.  The  marriage 
of  Miss  Hilda  Marie  Lloyd  and  Mr. 
William  David  Whitmer  was  per- 
formed by  the  bride's  pastor,  Rev. 
Glenn  Shank,  in  a  lovely  ceremony  at 
the  Liberty  Brethren  Church  on  Oc- 
tober 19,  1968.    Rev.  Samuel  Lindsay, 

pastor  of  the  groom,  assisted  in  the 

Mrs.  J.  Frankie  DerfUnger 

COOK-BOWMAN.  An  afternoon 
wedding  on  Saturday,  October  26, 
1958,  solemnized  the  maiTiage  vows 
of  Miss  Frances  Evelyn  Cook  and 
Mr.  Earl  Lee  Bowman.  Rev.  Glenn 
Shank,  pastor  of  the  bride,  was  as- 
sisted by  Rev.  Melvin  Babbitt,  piasitior 
of  the  groom.  The  ceremony  was  per- 
formed in  the  Maurertown  Brethren 

Mrs.  J.  FranMe  Derflinger 

HOLLAR-HEPNER.  Mrs.  Marg- 
uerite Hollar  and  Mr.  Kirby  Hepner 
were  uniited  lin  marriage  on  Novem- 
ber 13,  1968,  in  the  Maurertown 
Brethren  Church.  The  vow^s  were 
read  by  Rev.  Glenn  Shank,  pastor  of 
the  bride. 

Mrs.  J.  Frankie  Derflinger 

DENEEN-SHANK.  Miss  Sandra 
Deneen  and  Mr.  Jeffrey  Shank  were 
united  in  marriage  on  November  22, 
1968.  in  the  St.  James  Brethren 
Church,  St.  James,  Mai-yland.  The 
ceremony  was  performed  by  Rev; 
Glenn  Shank,  uncle  of  the  groom. 
Mrs.  J.  Frankie  Derflinger 


Pittsburgh,  Pa 

—  10  by  baptism  .  . 

New  Lebanon, 

Ohio  —  9  by  ba,ptismi 

4  by  letter   . 

.   Ellihart,   Ind.   —  c 

by  baptism. 


New  Holland,  Pa.  (EP)  -  Thir; 
teen  half-hour  television  programs 
are  being  produced  by  Inter-Churcl' 
Evangelism  featuring  informal  groujii 
discussions  with  evangelist  MyrorJ 
Augsburger.  I 

To  appear  weekly  on  various  stal 
tions  across  the  country,  the  progi-am 
titled  "Breakthrough,"  will  includi 
participants  at  various  age  and  inter' 
est  groups  chatting  with  the  evangel 
ist.  Dr.  Augsburger  is  also  presideni 
of  Eastern  Mennonite  College,  Harril 
sonburg,  Va. 

The  goal  of  the  telecast,  according 
to  Inter-Church  Evangelism  executive 
vice  president  Eugene  R.  Witmer,  i- 
"to  speak  to  the  element  of  societjl 
that  makes  things  happen  in  thi 


anuary  4.  1969 

Page  Twenty-one 


at  Louisville,  Ohio 

ON  SUNDAY,  September  29,  1968,  a  Mortgage  Burn- 
ing was  observed  in  Louisville,  Ohio,  at  the  First 
Brethren  Church.  This  event  marlied  the  end  of  the  in- 
debtedness on  the  new  educational  unit  which  was  erect- 
ed a  few  years  ago. 

In  the  photo  on  the  cover  of  this  magazine  are  (left 
to  right):  Rev.  James  Schaub,  pastor;  Mr.  L.  G.  Minton, 
moderator;  Mr.  Glenn  O.  Miller,  financial  secretary;  and 
Rev.  L.  V.  King  pastor  of  the  church  when  ground  was 
broken  for  the  new  unit. 

A  carry-in  dinner  was  enjoyed  during  the  noon  hour 
by  many  of  the  members.  The  day  was  known  as  the 
"Rev.  King  Day"  and  the  dinner  was  in  liis  honor.  In 
the  accompanying  photo  you  will  see  Rev.  King  opening 
the  gift  presented  to  him  during  the  dinner  hour. 

Also,  in  the  other  acco^mpanying  photo  you  will  see 
Rev.  King  ringing  the  church  bell  to  call  the  worshippers 
together.  In  this  photo  you  wUl  see  (left  to  right):  Rev. 
James  Schaub;  Mr.  Floyd  Miller,  Deacon  Board  Chair- 
man; Rev.  L.  V.  King;  and  i\Ir.  L.  G.  Minton,  Moderator. 

P:ij;e  Twpnty-t\vo 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


OUIET  DELL  members  and  friends  met  ait  the  church 
on   Sunday,   October  13,   for   the  75th  Anniversai-y. 

The  morning  services,  attended  by  45,  began  with 
Sunday  school  ait  10:00,  and  worship  at  11:00.  This 
was  followed  by  a  caiTy-in  noon  meal. 

In  the  afternoon  we  gathered  at  2:00  for  a  song  serv- 
ice with  66  in  attendance.  Many  old  and  new  songs  were 
sung.  Special  music  was  brought  by  a  few  of  the  neigh- 
borhood churches. 

To  finish  the  day  and  begin  the  week,  revival  services 
started  at  7:30.  We  were  blessed  by  the  number  in  at- 
tendance which  was  59.  Several  groups  brought  a  num- 
ber of  songs  and  Rev.  Edward  West  brought  the  message. 
We  were  all  filled  with  joy  that  night  when  one  person 
came  forward.  During  the  week  of  revival  a  total  of  4 
came  forward  for  the  Lord. 

Below  is  a  brief  history  of  the  church: 

Most  of  the  charter  members  were  foi-merly  members 
of  the  Aleppo  Brethren  Church  and  held  their  first  serv- 
ices in  the  Quiet  Dell  School  house.  At  least  one  revival 
was  held  in  the  Mt.  Carmel  Qiurch  of  God.  Later  an- 
<;ther  meeting  was  held  by  J.  B.  Wampler  in  the  school 
,iust  prior  to  the  plans  for  a  new  building. 

The  church  was  organized  August  13,  1893,  with  J.  I\I. 
iVIurray  as  the  first  pastor.  He  was  the  moving  spirit  as 
they  met  in  the  school  and  for  many  years  after. 

Rev.  Spanogle  preached  the  sermon  of  dedication. 

The  cai-penters  who  built  the  church  were  Alfred  Wood, 
Adam  Miller,  and  J.  B.  MUler. 

The  stone  for  the  foundation  was  taken  from  the  Fred 
Wise  farm  and  hauled  by  Bud  Wise.  It  was  hand  dressed 
and  laid  in  the  foundation  by  John  Staggers  and  Perry 

The  lumber  for  tihe  frame  of  the  buiilding  was  cut  on 
tlie  Wise  farm  and  sawed  at  the  old  saw  mill  which  was 
located  across  the  creek  from  the  church. 

The  lumber  for  the  seats  was  sawed  at  the  same  mill, 
kiln  dried,  then  hauled  to  Cameron  to  the  planing  mill 
and  dressed.  The  seats  were  made  by  Henry  Wise,  Alfred 
Wood,  and  Adam  Miller. 

The  sand  for  the  plastering  was  dug  from  a  sand  bank 
where  Monty  Wood  lived  and  hauled  by  Bud  Wise.  Tlie 
lime  was  slacked  by  digging  a  hole  in  the  ground  alx>uit 
the  size  of  a  barrel,  this  was  fUled  with  lime  and  cov-i 
ered  with  water.  The  old  fashioned  plaster  of  hair,  Itmei 
and  sand  was  put  on  by  George  W.  Simms.  The  lathingi 
was  done  by  Alfred  Wood,  J.  B.  Miller,  and  Bud  Wise.' 
The  painting  was  done  by  Dowler  Brc'thers. 

The  choh-  at  the  dedication  were:  Rachel  Miller,  Liz-j 
zie  Wood,  Maggie  Hartzel,  soprano;  Edna  Simms,  alto;i 
William  Caldwell,  Alfred  Wood,  and  Adam  Miller,  bass.i 
There  were  others  who  memory  and  record  do  not  re- 

The  organ  was  purchased  in  WheeUng  by  Henry  Wise, 
the  one  who  was  responsible  for  the  coUection  of  most  of' 
these  facts. 

Fred  Wise  was  the  janitor  of  the  church  from  the  time 
of  its  dedication  until  his  death  in  1912. 

Henry  Wise  along  with  J.  M.  Murray  were  the  ones 
who  did  the  most  to  father  the  church  in  its  early  days.i 

At  the  close  of  the  50th  Anniversary  celebration  in 
1943,  it  was  decided  to  start  a  redecoration  and  building 
fimd,  to  redecorate  the  interior  and  tO'  secure  new  pews.i 
The  idea  grew  until  it  included  new  heating  equipment 
and  electric  lights,  with  the  possible  hope  for  the  future 
of  new  carpet  for  the  platfoi-m  and  aisles. 

The  old  pews  for  which  there  were  coinsiderable  senti- 
ment were  carefully  dismantled  and  replaned  and  used 
for  paneling  across  the  back  and  in  front  of  the  platform. 
Draperies  were  added  to  form  two  classrooms  and  make 
sjjace  for  the  commiuiion  senice.  The  W.M.S.  added  Vene- 
tian blinds  to  the  windows.  All  of  this  greatly  added 
beauty  and  lent  a  worshipful  atmosphere.  These  inno- 
vations had  been  accomplisihed  during  the  pastorate  of 
Arthur  Baer. 

In  the  late  summer  of  1968,  the  members  joined  to- 
gether in  repairing  and  painting  the  fence  around  the 

Pastors  Who  Have  Served  the  Church 

J.  M.  Murray 
H.  M.  Oberholtzer 
J.  M.  Miuray 
W.  T.  HUbert 
W.  S.  Crick 
A.    V.   Jeffers 
Tom   Presnell 
Bernard  Snyder 
Norman  Uphouse 
J.  Edgar  Berkshire 
Paul  Berket 
Arthur    R.    Baer 
Robert  Holsinger 
Cecil   Bolton  Jr. 
C.  Edward  West  Jr. 

from  the  beginning  to  1912 
.  ..  .-1931 

summer  of  1941 
1967-.  . . . 

January  i.  1969 

Page  Twenty- three 


All  Golfers  in  America: 

ALL  GOLFING  FANS  are  given  a  cordial  invitation 
from  thie  members,  friends  and  pastor  J.  D.  Hamel 
to  come  to  Sarasoita,  Florida  and  see  for  themselves  the 
site  of  the  first  golf  course  in  America,  and  also  to  at- 
tend the  services  of  the  First  Bretliren  Chui-ch.  We  have 
two  morning  worship  services  at  8:30  and  10:30  with 
Sunday  school  at  9:30,  an  evening  service  at  7  p.m.,  and 
prayer  meeting  service  Wednesday  at  7  p.m. 

Late  one  day  in  1885  a  sturdy  Scotsman  in  Glengary 
Emd  l<nickers,  J.  Hamilton  Gillespie,  sighted  along  the 
wooden  shaft  of  a  putter  and  unerringly  sunk  a  putt 
that  triggered  America's  modern  golf  sport.  As  the  ball 
dropped  into  the  cup.  the  sound  was  heard  'round  Sara- 
sota, for  soon  townspeople  were  trying  their  hands  at 
the  Colonel's  game.  The  two-hole  course  soon  became 
a  popular  meeting  ground  for  local  sportsmen.  By  1902 
the  two-hole  course  soon  became  inadequate.  By  then 
Ool.  GUlespie,  who  became  Sarasota's  first  mayor,  had 
buUt  a  stately  home  on  what  was  then  tlie  edge  of  town 
which  was  to  be  on  the  First  Golf  Course  in  America. 
Gillespie  Golf  Course  was  a  popular  and  tricky  layout, 
not  to  mention  the  excitement  of  hitting  around  the  alli- 
gator hole  obstacle.  ("There  must  have  been  1,000  balls 
in  that  gator  hole,"  an  early  player  reminisced. ) 

Today  progress  has  obliterated  all  signs  of  this  historic 
course.  Recently  eighty  Gillespie  Golf  Pioneers  made  a 
reconstruction  of  the  Gillespie  Golf  Course  revealing  that 
the  Sarasota  Brethren  Church  is  now  across  what  was 
then   the  Sixth  Green. 


Can-f-on,    Ohio 


THE  FIRST  BRETHREN  CHURCH  of  Elkhart,  Indi- 
ana, is  sponsoring  the  organization  of  a  Brethren 
Church  in  Fort  Wayne.  The  following  report  was  given 
in  "The  First  Brethren  News,"  the  newsletter  from 

"There  were  ten  persons  present  for  the  organizational 
meeting  held  in  the  Tix>up  home  on  Sunday,  December 
8,  1968,  2:30  P.M.  At  first  there  was  some  concern  that 
there  was  not  a  greater  response  from  soime  of  the  other 
Brethren  families  but  it  was  the  general  concensus  that 
those  present  represented  at  least  a  large  part  of  those 
who  were  vitally  interested.  Finances  were  a  big  question 
in  our  minds  so  to  determine  what  could  be  our  financial 
basis,  one  person  representmg  each  of  five  families  or  in- 
dividuals was  given  a  blank  sheet  of  paper  and  asked  to 
put  down  the  amount  he  thought  he  could  contribute  to 
the  work  weekly.  The  result  was  amazing!  The  total 
pledge  amounted  to  $62  -  67  per  week  from  families  that 
were  already  tithing  to  other  churches.  It  is  estimated 
that  the  weekly  need  of  the  church,  which  will  be  meet- 
mg  in  Glenbrook  Shopping  Mall  Auditorium  beginning 
January  26,  1969,  will  be  $60  per  week.  Such  tremendous 
response  was  almost  overw'helming ! 

"Officers  and  leaders  wei-e  appointed  as  foUows: 

Dick  Troup  —  Lay  Leader 

Shirley  Troup  —  Secretary 

Carson  Gould  —  Treasurer 

Russell  Bety,  Jane  Krom  —  Community  Sui"vey 

"Other  members  present  at  the  meeting  were:  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Andrew  Eicher  and  John  Marcott,  Rev.  John 
Brownsberger,  president  of  the  Indiana  District  Mission 
Board  and  Rev.  and  Mrs.  Charles  Lowmaster. 

"Another  meeting  was  set  for  Sunday,  December  15. 
1968,  2  P.M.,  to  plan  the  e\'angelistic  outreach  and  wor- 
ship programs  for  the  first  couple  of  months. 

"Please  pray  for  this  work.  The  Lord  has  given  us 
great  encouragement." 

'  I  'HE  PHOTO  accompanying  tills  article  is  the  now  par- 
J.  sonage  recently  purchased  by  the  congregation. 
It  is  located  neai-  to  the  church  and  the  congregation  was 
fortunate  to  make  the  purchase  as  it  was  sold  from  an 
estate  and  the  Canton  Church  was  the  high  bidder.  The 
house  is  of  adequate  space  and  is  situated  in  a  nice  resi- 
dential  neighborhood. 

Rev.  and  Mrs.  Keith  Bemiett  will  be  moving  into  the 
new  ihome  soon  after  the  first  of  the  year. 

The  address  is:  5542  Swan  N.E.,  North  Canton,  Ohio 


""pHE  LATER  PART  OF  OCTOBER  we  held  our  an- 
1  nual  revi\-al  services  with  Brother  Clarence  Stogsdill 
of  Phoenix,  Arizona  in  charge.  His  messages  were  very 
inspiring  and  we  thank  God  for  sending  him  to  us. 

The  W.M.S.  have  packed  a  number  of  boxes  of  winter 
clothing  which  are  being  sent  to  our  Kentucky  missions. 

The  W.M.S.  guest  day  was  held  Deceniber  3  at  the 
church,  in  the  form  of  an  evening  salad  buffet.  Table 
motifs  were  of  the  yuletide  decorations.  In  addition  to 
oui-  regular  members,  there  were  fourteen  guests  in  at- 

When  a  month  has  five  Sundays,  the  fifth  Simday  has 
been  set  aside  as  a  family  fellowship  meeting  time.  The 
laymen  of  the  church  wUl  have  chai-ge  of  the  meeting 
on  December  29,  and  a  little  bird  teUs  me  it  will  be  in 
the  form  of  a  soup  supper  —  the  soup  being  made  and 
served  by  the  Laymen.  Sounds  superb!  The  September 
meeting  was  in  charge  of  the  W.M.S.  and  home  made  ice 
cream,  pie  and  cake  was  enjoyed. 

Page  Twenty-four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

A  new  lighted  bulletin  board  for  the  church  lawn  has 
been  received  and  is  awaiting  erection.  Meanwhile,  the 
size  of  our  new  front  doors  are  presenting  a  problem 
and  they  may  no>t  get  installed  until  wcrmer  weather. 

Many  have  been  ill  with  pneumonia,  colds,  flu  and 
broken  bones.  With  prayerful  supplication  to  our  Lord, 
we  hope  all  of  us  will  soon  be  back  filling  the  pews  on 

A  Christmas  program  by  the  youngsters  and  a  cantata 
by  the  choir  was  given  Sunday,  December  22. 

Mrs.  F.  P.  Schroedl 

From  OAKVILLE  to 

DECEMBER  31,  1967,  the  undersigned  began  a  six- 
months  period  as  interim  pastor  of  the  Oakville 
First  Brethren  Chui-ch.  He  commuted  to  OakvUle  on 
Saturdays  and  return  home  usually  on  Sunday  after- 
noons. Some  calling  was  done  and  the  church  encour- 
aged and  we  hope  sU-engtliened.  Two  prayer  groups  met 
regularly  which  was  a  great  source  of  strength  and  en- 
couragement. When  we  left,  June  16,  ten  had  been  baptiz- 

ed and  received  into  the  church:  three  were  mothers,  the 
others  adult  young  people  or  school  students,  mostly  in 
high  school.  We  thank  God  for  this  opportunity  to  serve 
them  again  after  being  away  from  that  field  for  exactly 
S  years  to  the  Sunday.  We  had  served  them  as  pastor 
for  several  years  at  that  time. 

July  7,  1968,  we  began  as  intermin  pastor  of  our  loccil 
Wabash  Church.  Since  then  we  have  been  given  a  call 
to  be  their  regular  pastor  to  continue  until  September, 
1969,  or  upon  mutual  agreement.  This  church  is  five 
years  old  and  after  the  effecti\'e  work  of  Rev.  and  Mrs. 
Dana  Hartong,  the  "field"  is  wide  open,  but  the  adversar- 
ies are  many.  However,  we  believe  a  steady  growth  upon 
a  good  foundation  is  being  realized.  Several  families  have 
gone  out  to  "missionary"  ser\'ice  at  Lost  Creek,  Shipshe- 
wana  and  Marion.  God  is  sending  in  other  families  and 
workers  to  take  their  places.  Some  much  needed  improve- 
ments have  been  made  or  are  planned  for  the  near  fu- 
ture —  a  new  gas  furnace  in  the  parsonage  which  is 
rented  and  not  being  used  by  the  pastor,  and  an  im- 
proving of  the  entire  heating  system  in  the  church  will 
be  attempted  before  too  long.  The  undersigned  is  happy 
that  he  can  be  used  by  the  Lord  in  this  field.  Brethren, 
pray  for  us. 

Rev.  Arthur  H.  Tinkel 

1 ,000    Profane   Tongues 


AMERICAN  TRADITIONS  and  institutions,  from  our 
schoolyards  to  the  altars  of  our  chiu-ches,  are  under- 
going radical  and  swift  change. 

In  the  vanguard  of  this  assault  on  established  traditions 
is  the  congress  of  left-leaning,  loquacious  youth  called 
the  "Student  for  Democratic  Action." 

The  movement  is  estimated  to  have  more  than  150  chap- 
ters on  campuses  all  across  the  nation  and  a  membershii) 
in  excess  of  35,000.  Its  attitude  may  be  summed  up  in 
the  words  of  an  SDS  member  from  the  University  of 
North  Carolma  who  said  recently:  "I  don't  owe  this 
(obscenity)  counti-y  anything!" 

Congressman  Albert  W.  Watson  of  South  Carolina  has 
placed  in  the  Congressional  Record  information  which 
illuminates  the  subversive  aspects  of  the  SDS.  Pointing 
to  the  tragic  disorders  of  Chicago  during  the  Democra.tic 
Party's  national  convention  there,  the  Congressman  says: 
".  .  .  Tom  Hayden,  a  founder  of  SDS,  was  arrested  twice 
during  the  Chicago  melee  .  .  .  and  the  goals  of  SDS  have 
been  placed  in  clearer  perspective.  The  American  peo- 
ple, through  the  eye  of  television  cameras,  have  observed 
firsthajid  what  the  New  Left  envisions  for  the  future  of 
this   nation.     (They)    have   publicly   challenged   those  re- 

sponsible for  maintaining  the  internal  security  of  this 
nation  to  eitlier  act  to  curtaO  their  activities  or  face  a 
real  threat  to  the  structure  of  our  government." 

As  for  the  April  riots  which  brought  Columbia  Univer- 
sity to  a  standstUl  SDS  president  Tom  Hayden  said: 
"Columbia  opened  a  new  tactical  stage  in  the  resistance 
movement  which  began  last  fall  (1967)."  He  was  quoted 
in  the  Chicago  Tribune  as  saying  that  if  coUege  admin- 
istratoi-s  do  not  msLke  themselves  subordinate  to  stu- 
dents, "we  will  close  them  —  the  colleges  —  all  down." 
The  first  issue  of  the  SDS  magazine,  published  recently, 
contained  a  tribute  to  the  work  of  the  late  guerrilla  war- 
fare expert  Che  Guevara. 

Michael  Laski,  California  leader  of  the  Marxist-Lenin- 
ist wing  of  the  Communist  Party:    "The  SDS  is  a  prime 
target   for  infiltration   because  it  invites  a   broad   cross- 
section    of    opinion."     Communist   Party    boss    Gus    Hall  j 
said:     "Fronts   are  a   thing  of  the  past.    We  don't  need  i 
them,  we've  got  the  DuBois  Clubs,  SNCC,  and  SDS  go-  | 
ing    for   us." 

Yes,  SDS  is  ali\-e  and  flourishing  in  its  second  year  of 
activity.    It  craves  change,  and  its  philosophy  is  a  contra-  | 
diction  of  all  America  under  God  stands  for  today.  j 

January  4,   1969 

Page  Twenty-five 



As  I  WRITE,  this  day  is  called  Vetei-ajis  Day  (for- 
merly AiTTiistice  Day  of  50  yeai-s  ago),  Thanksgiv- 
ing is  just  around  the  comer,  Richard  M.  Nixon  has 
just  been  dedared  the  president-elect  of  these  United 
States,  the  first  snow  of  the  season  is  upon  us  here  in 
Western  Pennsylvania,  the  year  is  di'awing  to  a  close  and 
I've  just  read  a  real  disturbing  article  on  Dope-Drugs. 

It's  not  likely  that  what  might  be  said  here  wUil  be 
read  by  teenaged  singles.  Our  laymen's  organization  and 
readers  of  this  page  are,  I'd  guess,  largely  fathers  and 
grandfathers.  But  then,  isn't  the  generation  of  teen- 
igers  and  young  people  we  find  ourselves  living  with 
prettj-  much  what  we  as  fathers  and  grandfathers 
3rought  into  being  with  our  indulgences  and  permis- 
sive attitudes.  When  dad  has  to  ask  his  teen-agei-,  "may 
[  use  the  cai-  tonight?"  it's  time  fathers  return  to  be- 
ing heads  of  our  homes.  Nope,  I'm  no  dictator  or  son 
if  a  dictator,  but  I  seem  to  recall  that  when  my  Dad 
told  me  to  do  something,  I  did  it. 

This  "freedom  of  e.xpression"  bit  is  producing  a  hor- 
rible crop.  "Don't-cross-a-chUd"  psychology  has  failed.  It's 
BXtremely  high  time  parents  keep  track  of  the  children. 

The  article  referred  to  above  is  titled: 

"The  Deadly  Fad:  Drugs" 

ind  is  found  in  the  No\'ember  10,  1968,  issue  of 
'Straight,"  a  fine  young  people's  weekly  published  by 
Standard  Publishing  Co.  of  Cincinnati.  It  gives  case  his- 
tories of  individuals  and  groups  involved  in  the  peddling 
>f  L.S.D.,  marijuana  and  heroin,  w-ith  the  awful  effects 
these  acids  are  having  on  our  nation. 

No  matter  how  much  we  stick  our  heads  in  the  sand 
frying  to  ignore  the  drug  mis-use  situation,  we  have  to 
admit  its  presence,  inform  our  young  people  in  plain 
"ashion  about  it,  get  it  out  into  the  open  as  Straight  has 
lone  for  its  readers  and  warn  to  high  hea\-en  against  it. 
I  Don't  you  think  that  we  ha\'e  a  tendency,  as  we're  in- 
volved and  working  with  a  good  group  of  youngsters,  to 
najor  and  even  confine  our  remarks  in  our  young  peo- 
ple's meeting  and  junior  high  and  high  school  classes  in 
jhe  Sunday  School,  to  the  good,  the  beautiful  and  the 
rue.)  I'm  believing  that  the  time  is  ripe  to  speak  out 
vith  every  boldness  against  the  social  e\'ils  of  our  daj' 
•uch  as  drugs,  dope,  drinking,  dancing,   smoking,  porno- 

graphy, sabbath  desecration,  etc.,  any  combination  of 
which  can  turn  a  soul  to  Hell. 

The  Church  should  lead  the  way  in  pressing  for  a  re- 
turn to  old-fashioned,  Bible  morality;  and  do  you  know- 
something,  its  up  to  us  parents  and  grandparents.  The 
watchman  on  the  walls  of  the  cities  of  ancient  Israel 
were  responsible  for  the  sounding  of  the  w-arning.  So  are 
we.    Watcliman,  what  of  the  night? 

Well,  its  almost  time  to  sing  Christmas  carols  and  get 
the  yuletide  shopping  under  way  (or  was  that  done 
right  after  the  4th  of  July?).  Men,  we  wish  you  a  blessed 
Christmas.    F.  S.  B. 

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Page  T\venty-sL\ 

The  Brethren  Evangelist  I 

N.    L.    0. 

&(f.   (^eon^e   Sc^udter 

•  I  'HE  TITL£  of  this  article  does  not  necessarily  per- 
1  tain  to  a  governmental  agency  tliat  might  have 
been  conceived  during  the  early  depression  years  of  1929 
into  the  thirties.  The  gi-oup  that  these  letters  depict 
was  assembled  or  conceived  at  General  Conference  in 
tlie  year   1919,   The   National  Laymen's   Organization. 

After  reading  the  Histoi-y  of  The  Brethren  Church  by 
Albert  T.  Ronk,  D.D.,  it  occurred  to  me  that  although 
the  Brethren  denomination  was  brought  into  existence 
through  the  efforts  of  a  few  dedicated  and  God-fearing 
men,  it  is  also  pointed  out  that  the  women  of  the  church 
began  to  seriously  consider  their  importance  in  the 
church  around  1883. 

With  their  importance  so  e\'idenit  in  the  past  and  pres- 
ent I  would  like  to  include  them  in  this  article  by  refer- 
ring to  the  term  laity  rather  than  laymen.  After  lall, 
laity  is  defined  as,  "the  people  collectively:  distinguished 
from  clergy."  There  seems  to  ha\-e  been  a  sort  of  com- 
petiti\'e  spirit  developed  between  the  Laymen's  Organi- 
zations and  the  Missionary  Societies,  penhaps  more  so 
on  a  local  level  than  district  and  national,  and  I  believe 
this  is  healthy.  Yet,  there  are  so  many  facets  of  the  work 
in  the  church  where  co-mpetition  must  go  by  the  board 
and  co-operation  must  take  its  place. 

One  need  not  spend  much  time  in  reading,  listening  to, 
or  viewing  the  various  methods  of  news  media  today  to 
fuUy  realize  that  ithe  world  is  a  series  of  battlefronts, 
either  political,  economic,  or  spiiritual,  to  name  a  few. 
Therefore,  the  church  today  is  direly  in  need  of  power, 
not  necessarily  manpower,  but  peoplepower,  if  I  may  be 
permitted  to  coin  a  word. 

It  seems  that  every  year,  the  church  is  statistically 
l>eing  bombarded  with  a  truth  that  really  hurts.  Busi- 
ness, industi-y,  institutions,  especially  in  the  educational 
field,  population  is  e.Npanding  at  a  terrific  pace;  yet,  we 
find  the  numerical  and  spiritual  growth  of  the  church 
I)raotically  at  a  standstill  if  not  retarded  in  some  cases. 

In  my  mind  there  is  only  one  reason  that  is  responsi- 
ble for  this  condition.  The  feelijig  of  too  many,  far  too 
many  people,  in  the  church  with  the  attitude  that  lead- 
ership in  the  church  is  all  one  should  be  interested  in. 
And  not  all  are  qualified  for  such  positioins,  consequently 
many  people  ai-e  just  sitting  back  comfortably  (?1  and 
letting  the  spiritual  church  go  by. 

Theodore  Roosevelt  is  quoted  as  once  saying,  "If  any 
one  asks  you  whether  you  can  do  a  job,  answer,  'Certain- 
ly I  can',  then  go  out  and  find  out  how  to  do  it."    What 

does  it  take  to  be  a  good  memtier  of  the  laity?  That  isi 
like  asking  —  what  does  it  take  to  be  a  good  Christian? 
There  is  so  much  territory  in  ithe  vast  reaches  of  the 
church  to  be  co\'ered  that  not  one  single  member  of  it 
can  say,  "there  is  no  room  for  me." 

Perhaps  we  might  enumerate  just  a  few  examples 
where  there  is  room  for  everyone.  First  of  all,  churchi 
attendance.  I  firmly  refuse  to  believe  that  in  order  to 
fill  this  requirement  one  needs  to  be  prmdded  with  am 
academic  degree  or  a  doctorate.  The  lack  of  attendance^ 
in  any  cliurch,  I  feel,  is  one  of  the  psychological  deterr- 
ents to  the  growith  of  any  congregation,  spiritual  andi 
otherwise.  Let  us  face  one  fact  squarely,  how  effective-! 
can  the  pastorate  be  of  any  minister  who  has  to  gaze- 
upon  so  many  empty  pews  at  each  worship  service? 

How  effective  Ccin  the  administrating  or  official  board) 
be  if  no  one  feels  qualified  to  represent  the  various  aux-,, 
iliaries  of  the  congregation?  The  lack  of  attendance  and 
such  an  attitude  toward  participation  in  the  affairs  of  the' 
church  contributes  greatly  to  the  ineffectiveness  or  will- 
ingness of  those  who  have  or  may  have  had  a  desire  tol 
be  a  part  of  the  working  segment  of  the  church.  The 
word  "evangelization"  does  nof  seem  to  have  much  im- 
portance connected  with  it  when  accompanied  by  sudh 
apathy  on  the  part  of  so  many.  This  sort  of  condition 
shoiUd  not  exist  especially  in  a  denomination  that  was 
foiuided  by  simple  determination  to  believe  and  stand 
for  what  the  Word  of  God  requires.  Unless  my  interpre 
tation  of  the  histoi-y  of  The  Brethren  Church  is  in  error 
I  believe  that  is  why  it  is  characteristically  known  as  a 
Bible  believing  church. 

This  brings  to  mind  a  fact  that  was  forcefully  pointec 
out  to  this  writer  at  a  General  Conference  a  few  year; 
ago,  and  incidentally,  was  presented  by  a  layman.  Per 
haps  the  only  creed,  if  one  wants  to  designate  it  as  such 
that  can  be  attributed  to  The  Brethren  Church  is  tha' 
of.  "The  Bible.  The  Whole  Bible,  and  nothing  but  th(^ 
Bible."  If  this  be  so,  why  is  the  presence  of  this  belovet 
Word  of  God  so  noticeably  lacking  in  the  \'arious  sen'icei' 
of  the  church?  Those  of  us  who  may  be  sportsmindec- 
know  that  is  highly  impractical,  if  not  downright  unethi 
cal  to  go  bowling  without  toiting  a  bag  with  a  sixteen- 
pound  ball  and  a  pair  of  bowling  shoes  in  it.  How  manji: 
people  have  we  observed  going  out  on  -the  golf  links  withf 
out  first  dragging  out  a  set  of  clubs  in  a  big  leather  bafi 
to  be  bm-dened  with  in  order  to  participate  in  the  sport' 
Men  who  work  in  various  trades  need  so  many  tools  t<t 

lanuarj    4,   1969 

Page  Twenty-seven 

ivork  with  that  in  ma:iy  instances  a  pick-up  truck  is 
needed  to  haul  them  in.  Yet  the  tool  needed  for  the 
ivork  of  evangelizing  weighs  but  a  few  ounces  and  still 
seems  to  be  excess  baggage. 

It  seems  tliat  nai-y  a  children's  progi-am  is  produced 
without  the  little  kindergarten  group  giving  out  a  lusty 
rendition  of  "The  B-I-B-L-E,  yes  that's  the  Book  for  me." 
But  to  many  of  us  sitting  in  the  audience  these  words  do 
lothing  but  perhajjs  bring  back  a  bit  of  nostalgia. 

One  other  reason  for  lack  of  co-operation  on  the  part 
>f  many  is  something  that  \vc  fail  to  notice  when  these 
ittle  tots  perform  hi  children's  programs,  is  what  is 
known  as  "stage  fright."  To  those  who  use  tliis  as  a  mode 
to  stand  in  the  wings,  it  can  be  said,  and  speaking  lo  any 
jrofessional  performer  wUl  bear  out  this  fact,  that  this 
>hobia  is  one  that  seldom  if  ever  is  completely  overcome. 

The  support  of  that  person  who  has  definitely  been 
called  by  our  Lord  to  become  a  shepherd  of  a  congrega- 
ional  flock,  or  leader  in  the  denomination,  is  a  place 
.vhere  all  must  participate.  It  must  be  kept  in  mind  at 
ill  times  how  discouraging  this  type  of  occupation  can  be 
It  times.  We,  the  laity,  occupy  our  working  moments 
.vith  either  a  commodity  or  a  career  in  some  technologi- 
cal occupation;  but  a  pastor,  i.e.,  deals  with  something 
lifferent  —  people.  People  with  an  infinite  variety  of 
leeds  and  desires.  People  with  innumerable  outlooks  on 
ife  itself.  People  with  all  types  of  prejudices,  sins,  and 
.-irtues.  Although  many  men  and  women,  too,  have  been 
lesignated  by  God  to  lead  His  people  in  one  way  or  an- 
)ther  ever  since  the  time  of  Moses,  he  and  they,  also, 
u-e  prwided  with  the  same  characteristic  as  that  of  laity; 
lamely,  to  be  human.  Mantled  with  such  a  cloak,  they 
ire  also  subject  to  the  practice  of  committing  errors  of 
udgment  at  times.  Knowing  fuU  well  that  he  wiU  un- 
loubtedly  meet  with  opposition,  although  he  presents 
-he  Gospel  to  the  best  of  his  ability  backed  by  Biblical 
:heol0igy,  the  laity  owe  it  to  him  and  to  themselves 
o  support  him  to  the  fullest  extent;  bO'th  from  a  moral 
md  financial  standpomt.  Lack  of  such  support  in  the 
last  has  probably  been  the  major  factor  for  <the  decline 
n  the  ranks  of  pastors  and  missionaries. 

We  might  look  upon  the  Brethren  denomination  or  any 
lenomination  as  a  great  greenhouse  or  botanical  garden, 
jod  furnishes  the  sunshine,  moisture,  and  the  other  ele- 
nents  for  growth;  but,  we  must  furnish  the  plants  and 
he  necessary  toil  to  nurture  the  growth  of  the  plants, 
rhese  various  plants  can  be  likened  to  the  \'arious  aux- 
liaries  of  the  church.  This  would  be  a  rather  drab 
vorld  if  all  the  vegetation  present  in  it  would  be  either 
landelion  or   spinach,   would  it  not? 

In  some  respects  the  church  is  made  up  of  compunents 
•omparable  to  those  of  a  complicated  piece  of  machinery 
a  a  large  manufacturing  plant.  The  successful  operation 
f  the  plant  depends  upon  the  efficiency  with  which  this 
aachine  can  produce.  Every  little  bolt,  screw,  and  even 
he  largest   of  gears,   has  its  specified  duty   to  perform. 

If  one  breaks  down,  the  whole  operation  must  be  shut 

The  Publishing  Company,  the  OoUege,  the  Seminary, 
The  Mission  Board,  the  Brethren's  Home,  the  Brethren 
Youth,  the  W.M.S.  societies  with  their  related  Sister- 
hoods, the  N.L.O.,  and  its  Brotherhoods  are  all  integrated 
parts  of  a  machine  designed  to  produce  that  which  its 
creator  intended,  "pi-opagating  the  Gospel."  The  ma- 
chine has  been  designed.  The  raw  materials  arc  available 
everywhere  and  at  little  cost.  The  salesmen  hav-e  been 
trained  to  see  to  the  product's  distribution,  and  there  is 
still  a  market  throughout  the  whole  woi-'ld  which  know- 
ingly or  imknowingly  is  demanding  such  a  vital  product. 
So  what  is  the  Brethren  Church  Wciiting  for? 

I  am  looldiig  forward  to  the  day  when  it  can  be  possi- 
ble in  worship  services,  auxiUcLry  meetings,  district  meet- 
ings, district  conferences,  and  especially  General  Con- 
ference, for  someone  to  come  up  to  me  and  say,  "Move 
over  bud,  they  tell  me  there's  always  room  for  one  more." 

Dates:  February  2-26,    1969 



Rediscovering  His  Love" 

S-Fudy   Book: 




Ephesians  3:18 

Page  Twentj'-eight 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Finding  tlie  Boat  into  History's  Mainstream 

A  Report  on  the 

Conference  of  Historic  Peace  Cliurches 

by  Maynard  Shelly 

ARE  THE  historic  peace  chui-ches  a  footnote  to  his- 
tory? And  if  they  are,  do  they  still  have  a  chance 
to  climb  upstairs  into  the  main  text? 

Sixty  people  pondered  these  questions  in  Noix^ember 
at  New  Windsor,  Maryland,  in  a  consultation  of  Men- 
nonites.  Friends,  and  Brethren.  They  seai-ched  for  their 
identity  as  peace  churches  who  don't  know  whether  they 
always  want  to  be  talking  about  peace. 

But  they  talked  about  the  days  when  they  were  chang- 
ing the  course  of  world  events.  And  since  they  don't 
seem  to  be  doing  that  today,  thej'  talked  about  having 
missed  tlie  boat.  To  catch  the  boat  would  mean  becom- 
ing the  model  of  the  new  society  that  the  whole  world 
needs.  That  won't  bo  easy,  as  the  group  discovered  when 
it  tried  to  show  how  a  new  society  treats  dissent. 

John  Howard  Yoder,  professor  of  theology  at  Associ- 
ated Mennonite  Biblical  Seminaries,  Elkhart,  Indiana, 
raised  some  of  these  hard  questions  for  the  group  and 
suggested  some  harder  answers. 

"The  boat  which  we  have  just  missed"  broke  up  in  the 
Vietnam  tyranny  and  ran  aground  in  the  shoals  of  the 
racial-urban  crisis  of  America's  cities. 

"These  two  great  sores  of  our  North  American  society," 
said  Yoder,  "have  been  in  such  a  condition  in  the  last 
years  that  a  genuinely  Christian  testimony  incarnated 
in  a  believers'  church  style  of  reconciling  life  would  have 
been  an  e.vciting  option  to  hosts  of  questing  i^ersons.  not 
only  youth." 

These  people,  a  few  years  ago,  held  a  simple  and  ideal- 
istic pacifist  vision  and  had  an  uncomplicated  dream  of 
an  integrated  society.  Neither  worked  out  that  wa.w 
Vietnam  was  escalated  and  the  cities  burned.  Now  many 
of  the  dreamers  are  bitterly  committed  to  disruption 
and  even  violence  to  destroy  the  old  society  in  hopes  that 
a  new  order  wiU  rise  from  its  ashes. 

ilennonites.  Friends,  and  Brethren  can  trace  their 
history  back  to  the  radical  streams  of  the  Protestant 
Reformation.  It  was  the  Anabaptists  who  sa\\-  that 
neither  Luther  nor  Zwingli  went  far  enough  in  reforming 
the  church.  For  they  were  content  to  comtinue  the  old 
ties  of  the  church  with  the  state. 

"Other  Christiaii  groups  accept  war  because  they 
assume  the  church  is  seeking  to  run  society  in  collabora- 
tion with  the  state,"  said  Yoder. 

But  the  peace  churches  have  come  to  their  position, 
not  only  because  they  follow  the  teachings  of  Jesus  for 

the  way  of  love  and  against  the  way  of  violence,  but  bei 
cause  of  their  view  of  the  church  and  the  state.  "They 
ha\-e  refused  to  co-mmit  themseh'es  to  saving  the  sovi 
ereignty  of  a  given  form  of  government,"  Yoder  said. 

He  added,  "What  permitted  Friends,  Brethren,  and 
Mennonites,  in  their  foi-mati\-e  periods,  to  come  out  with 
a  definite  position  of  refusal  to  t>ear  the  sword  was  noti 
a  particular  reading  on  the  ethical  question  but  a  view 
of  the  church." 

They  saw  the  church  as  "free  from  the  state  as  a 
missionary  minority  in  a  society  which  they  did  not 
assume  to  be  Christian  when  evei"yone  else  did." 

The  radical  ancestors  of  today's  historic  peace  churches 
spread  with  wild  contagion  through  Europe  before  per 
secution  from  the  established  churches  cut  them  dowr 
in  the  si.xteenth  and  seventeenth  centuries.  They  hac 
the  course  of  history  against  them. 

But  now  things  have  changed.  The  alliance  betweer 
church  and  state  which  began  with  Constantine  in  313 
cracked  in  tlie  Protestant  Reformation,  and  all  but  com 
pleted  its  crumbUng  in  the  recent  Vatican  Council. 

Says  Yoder,  "There  are  Catholics  creating  undergrount 
congregations  which  are  in  many  ways  Anabaptist  cells 
There  are  Lutheran  pastors  in  Germany  refusing  to  bap 
tize  the  children  of  their  parishioners  at  the  point  of  be 
ing  disciplined.  There  are  Lutheran  and  Catholic  peaci 
mo\'em:-nits  with  high  Christologies  and  theological  ma 
turity.  There  is  more  openness  to  hear  our  witness  thai 
we  ha\'e  capacity  to  speak  it  to  other  Christians." 

The  so-called  mainstream  of  Christianity  thus  needs  ; 
radical  Reformation  type  of  church.  Now  is  the  seasoi 
for  the  historic  peace  church  that  flourished  best  whei- 
it  was  out  of  season. 

"Should  not  those  churches  who  ha\'e  been  arguing  oi 
theological  grounds  for  the  necessity  of  this  position  no 
be  able  to  pro\-ide  some  guidance  and  testimony,"  ask. 
Yoder,  "when  churches  and  theologians  are  comin, 
around  to  the  same  con\-iction  on  practical  grounds?" 

But  when  the  time  came  for  the  peace  churches  tl 
act,  they  couldn't  even  speak  up.  They  could  criticiz' 
the  v\-eaknesses  of  the  Vietnam  student  pacifists  and  th' 
Sclma  integrationists.  but  they  weren't  providing  an; 

Had  the  peace  chui-ches  "invested  their  best  creativit.! 
and  personnel  in  the  past  five  years,"  this  frontier  mig'W 
have    "been    one    of    those    fast-growing    edges"    and 

January  4,   1969 

Page  Twenty-nine 

"ready-to-mine  vein  in  our  society  where  something  like 
the  original  Anabaptism  could  have  flamed  up  again." 

Why  did  the  peace  churches  miss  the  boat?  "We  were 
rewriting  our  constitutions.  We  were  minding  the  store. 
We  were  providing  for  balance  and  continuity.  But  ac- 
cording to  the  radical  reformation  vision  of  the  Mennon- 
ites,  Quakers,  and  Brethren,  minding  the  store  is  not  the 
business  of  the  chureh.  The  devU  and  the  powers  of  the 
present  age  and  the  apostate  churches  take  care  of  that," 
said  Yoder. 

"Our  business  is  to  be  turning  the  chui'ch  right  side 

But  the  job  doesn't  get  done,  largely  because  the  his- 
toric peace  churches  don't  see  this  as  their  job. 

In  calling  the  consultation  to  New  Windsor,  Lorton  G. 
Heusel,  chaii-man  of  the  planning  committee  and  general 
secretai-y  of  Friends  United  Meeting,  Richmond,  Indiana, 
admitted  that  the  peace  chtu'ches  had  not  lived  up  to 
their  historical  role  of  working  as  agents  of  change  in 

"While  we  once  shared  the  conviction  that  our  calling 
was  to  radical  obedience,"  he  said,  "today  we  all  find 
difficulty  in  maintaining  unity  within  our  traditio-ns.  In 
fact,  acts  of  obedience  acting  out  the  gospel  frequently 
become  sources  of  disunity." 

Dorothy  Hutchinson,  Jenkintown,  Pemisylvania,  a  mem- 
ber cf  the  Society  of  Friends,  reported  on  one  such  act 
that  has  caused  dissent  in  Quaker  circles.  And  the  New 
Windsor  group  had  its  own  experience  of  how  one  per- 
son's obedience  is  another's  bitter  pUl. 

Considerable  friction  has  been  e.xperienced  in  Quaker 
groups  over  the  matter  of  selective  conscientious  objec- 
tion to  war  and  to  draft  resistence,  "especially  when  it 
leads  into  law-breaking,  the  burning  or  returning  of 
draft  cards,  the  blocking  of  induction  centers." 

Said  Dorothy,  "We  are  being  taken  back  to  a  period  in 
our  career  when  we  were  not  so  respectable  and  when 
the  law  had  not  fitted  itself  to  our  needs  as  conscientious 

The  most  dramatic  expression  came  to  the  Society  of 
Friends  and  to  aU  Americans  in  the  Quaker  Action 
Group's  sending  of  medical  supplies  to  North  Vietnam, 
supplies  which  cost  about  what  eleven  seconds  of  the 
Vietnam  war  costs  the  United  States  Government. 

"But  what  a  hullabaloo  there  was  about  it  because  it 
was  aid  and  comfort  to  the  enemy,"  said  Dorothy,  "and 
how  we  had  to  search  our  souls  and  stUI  do  and  we're 
divided  within  the  Society  of  Friends  as  to  whether  this 
was  a  legitimate  act  of  mercy  or  not." 

But  even  words  about  obedience  can  be  divisive.  Spur- 
red on  by  the  youth  delegates  to  the  consultation,  a 
group  at  New  Windsor  prepared  a  brief  statement  calling 
for  "creative  and  Christian  responses  to  people  living  in 
our  ghettos"  and  for  "counseling  on  the  draft  and  non- 
payment of  war  ta.xes  for  those  who  need  it." 

More  controversial  was  a  suggestion  of  "support  to 
those  called  to  resist  the  draft  or  fto  leave  the  Armed 
Forces,  and  to  offer  sanctuary  for  them  if  necessary." 

For  one  hour,  the  delegates  to  the  consultation  debated, 
i  indirectly  the  statement,  but  more  directly  whether  the 
statement  might  not  rip  the  fabric  of  historic  peace 
church  fellowship.  Meetings  of  the  churches  have  been 
infrequent  and  for  the  first  time  nine  members  of  the 
three  traditions  had  come  together  at  one  place. 

"If  we  make  a  statement,"  said  Virgil  Ingraham  of  the 

Brethren  Church,  "there  is  no  provision  for  a  voice  of 
dissent."  He  felt  as  did  others  that  the  groups  with  a 
recent  histoi-y  of  less  activism  in  the  peace  arena  were 
being  coei-ced  and  tliat  their  groups  would  be  less  wUhng 
to  take  part  in  future  talks.  Ingraham  lamented  that 
there  didn't  seem  to  be  room  in  the  "liard  core  for  those 
who  are  on  the  peripheiy." 

Supporters  of  the  statement  felt  that  it  could  open  up 
a  cuttuig  edge  of  peace  church  witness  to  anti-war  groups 
and  students  looking  for  help.  Said  BUI  Medlin,  a  Quaker 
student  from  Kokomo,  Indiana,  "The  boat  is  here.  Don't 
let  it  go  by." 

Speaking  for  the  Brethren  in  Christ,  John  E.  Zercher, 
Nappanee,  IndiaJia,  said  he  represented  a  gi"Oup  tiiat 
would  be  unliappy  if  the  statement  were  adopted.  He 
asked,  "Would  it  not  be  possible  to  receive  this  as  a  re- 
port from  a  concerned  group  without  giving  it  official 

And  so  it  was  laid  into  the  record  without  a  vote  or 
note  of  consensus.  Francis  G.  Brown,  a  Pliiladelphia 
Friend,  noted  that  the  discussion  of  the  different  views 
of  the  peace  witness  had  been  beneficial.  But  he  added. 
"I  would  hope  that  the  record  would  show  that  we  did 
more  than  receive  this  thing.    It  almost  broke  us." 

And  Walter  Klaassen,  a  Mennonite  from  Ontario,  ob- 
ser\-ed,  "I  understand  now  what  Jesus  meant  when  He 
said,  'I  have  not  come  to  bring  peace  but  a  sword.'  " 

What  also  seemed  to  be  coming  through  was  the  im- 
phcation  that  the  peace  witness  may  well  be  a  minority 
position  even  within  the  peace  churches  wlao  themselves 
are  minority  groups  already. 

Yoder  saw  the  inabUity  of  the  peace  chiu'ches  to  "move 
into  a  witness  vacuiun"  such  as  the  Vietnam  and  urban 
crisis  as  a  sign  of  uncertainty  about  evangelical  pacifism. 
He  asked,  "Does  it  not  suggest  that  for  many  of  us,  the 
rejection  of  war  is  a  negative,  embarassing  legalism 
rather  than  a  proclamation  of  the  good  news  that  God 
loves  His  enemies  and  carries  us  along  in  His  suffering 
servanthood?  Does  it  not  suggest  that  we  have  oui-sclves 
linked  love  of  enemies  with  non-drinking,  non-dancing, 
and  other  kinds  of  non-fun  as  a  renunciation  demanded 
by  God  but  not  really  as  a  gift  of  the  gospel?" 

But  the  consultation  was  stUl  stin-ed  by  a  gospel  vis- 
ion. "The  option  for  us  as  the  radical  reformation 
churches,"  said  T.  Canby  Jones,  a  Quaker  scholar  from 
WUmington,  Oliio,  "is  to  be  the  new  society.  This  is  not 
going  to  be  any  withdrawTi  cultm-al  Quakerism,  Mennon- 
itism,  or  Brethrenism  out  of  which  the  flame  and  mission 
has  died.  It  is  going  to  be  the  revolutionary  people  of 

Dale  Brown,  Brethren  Theological  Seminary,  Oak 
Brook,  Illinois,  saw  the  peace  churches  with  the  "unique 
role  of  being  a  catalyst  or  gadfly  or  guerrilla-type  opera- 
tion within  Protestantism." 

He  added,  "We  do  have  a  lot  of  dialogue  that  needs  to 
take  place  with  the  evangelicals  because  tliey  take  the 
Bible  seriously.  On  the  other  hand,  we  have  a  lot  of 
dialogue  that  needs  to  take  place  with  those  who  are 
\-ei-y  much  concerned  about  society  —  the  so-called  lib- 
eral Christians  or  mainstream  Christianity." 

Another  dialogue  would  be  with  univereity  students. 
C.  Wayne  Zunkel,  Church  of  the  Brethren  pastor  from 
Harrisburg,  Pennsylvania,  saw  the  possibility  of  a  witness 
program  developed  as  a  "religious  \'ersion  of  Students 
for   a   Democratic   Society."    Rather  than  sending  chap- 

Page  Thirty 

lajns  to  university  campuses  as  most  large  denominations 
have  done,  he  suggested  that  the  peace  churches  help 
students  come  together  for  a  shared  life  of  study  and 
action.  "This  would  not  simply  be  to  nurture  our  own 
youth,  but  to  become  evangelistic  for  the  free  church 
style  and  the  peace  concern  that  we  have  on  the  uni- 
versity campus." 

The  consultation  looks  forward  to  some  common  peace 
church  efforts.  They  expressed  the  hope  that  Brethren, 
Friends,  and  Mennonites  might  work  together  to  prepare 
a  witness  against  military  conscription. 

Hope  was  expressed  that  "a  serious  study  be  made  of 
the  economic  structui'e  that  makes  poverty  possible  in 
our  society  and  the  kind  of  legislation  that  would  alter 
the  inequities." 

Bible  study  conferences,  youtli  meetings,  and  a  study 
of  what  it  means  to  be  a  historic  peace  ohuroh  were 
placed  on  the  list  of  future  projects. 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

WiUiam  G.  WUloughby,  Brethren  professor  from 
Bridgewater,  Virginia,  suggested  a  world  conference  ot 
"lay  people  to  speak  to  the  governments  of  the  world." 
He  felt  that  at  this  critical  juncture  of  history,  "a  gath-j 
ering  of  people  who  might  speak  from  their  hearts"  might;  I 
be  the  fulfOlment  of  a  prophetic  office.  I 

Nine  groups  representing  one  of  the  three  historic 
peace  church  traditions  sent  sixty  representatives  to  the 
November  19-21  meeting.  The  groups  were:  the  Men-! 
nonite  General  Conference,  Scottdale,  Pemisylvania ;  the 
General  Conference  Mennonite  Church,  Newton,  Kansas; 
the  Mennonite  Brethren  Churches,  Hillsboro,  Kansas; 
the  Brethren  in  Christ,  Nappanee,  Indiana;  the  Friends 
General  Conference,  Philadelphia;  Friends  United  Meet- 
ing, Richmond,  Indiana;  the  Church  of  the  Brethren, 
Elgin,  Illinois;  and  the  Brethren  Church,  Ashland,  Ohio. 
The  unaffiliated  meetings  of  the  Society  of  Friends  were 
also  represented. 

World   Religious   News 

in   Review 


Basel,  Switzerland  (EP) — Death,  as 
he  slept,  took  world  renowned  theolo- 
gian Karl  Barth  here  December  10, 
i-obbing  the  world  of  a  widely  read 
and  quoted  Pix>testant  educator. 

Bai'th  was  the  author  of  10  volumes 
elaborating  a  foi-midable  and  intri- 
cate Protestantism  that  stressed  the 
spiritual  nature  of  true  religion  — 
faith  in  Christ,  the  Church  of  Christ 
and  tlie  Bible  as  His  witness. 

As  a  young  clergyman  during 
World  War  I  Barth  published  his  first 
bombshell  attack  on  the  dominant 
"liberal"  thology  of  the  day.  He 
was  an  outspoken  critic  of  the  Third 
Reich  as  a  professor  at  the  Uni\-ersity 
of  Bonn  and  was  arrested,  tried, 
found  guilty  of  "seducing  the  minds 
of  German  students"  and  e.xpelled 
from  Germany  in  1935. 

Markus,  his  son,  a  professor  of  the 
New  Testament  at  Pittsburgh  Theol- 
ogical Seminary,  said  his  father 
strongly  disliked  two  things  above 
others:  The  plight  of  Negroes  in 
slums  and  the  influence  of  coanmer- 
cial  sponsors  on  television  program- 

Barth  is  survived  by  his  widow,  a 
daughter  and  three  sons. 


Indianapolis  (EP) — Lawmakers  in 
Indiana  can't  get  the  Amish  people 
in  their  state  to  mount  bright  orange 
reflectors  on  then-  buggies  because 
the  sect  leaders  consider  the  modern 
contraptions  "too  gay." 

Governor  Roger  Branigan  has  or- 
dered a  moratorium  on  enforcement 
of  the  reflector  until  a  hearing  can 
be  convened. 

Meanwhile,  The  Christian  Century 
has  editorialized  against  the  Amish, 
calling  their  stand  absurd  because 
they  are  "willing  to  jeopardize  not 
only  their  own  lives  but  the  lives  of 
motorists  by  their  paranoid  pureuit 
of  personal  righteousness." 

However,  the  magazine  stated  that 
"It  is  difficult  to  criticize  them  with 
a  clear  conscience  in  light  of  the 
fact  that  the  mainstream  Christian 
churches  have  all  but  abandoned  the 
effort  to  discover  the  meaning  of  the 
Biblical  word  'sanotifioation.'  " 


Seattle  (EP) — ^In  a  letter  to  his 
congregation  the  Rev.  Robert  A. 
Thomas,  pastor  of  the  University 
Christian   Church   here,   revealed  the 

degree  of  pressure  on  clergymen  to- 
day.   He   wrote : 

"The  pastor  of  a  large  ui'bani 
church  is  involved  in  an  inerediblei 
\-ariety  of  relationships  and  activities. 

"This  morning  I  talked  to  a  young, 
man  whose  marriage  has  disintegrat- 
ed, a  yoimg  couple  whose  baby  of  a 
few  months  had  just  died  and  a  mid- 
dle-aged man  whose  physical  and 
emotiomal  problems  have  incapacita-i 
ted  him  for  years. 

"I  had  already  been  here  long 
enough  to  prepai'e  the  copy  for  Sun- 
day's order  of  worship,  write  several ' 
pieces  for  The  Visitor  (the  church 
bulletin)  and  share  an  early  cup  of 
coffee  with  some  of  the  staff. 

"As  soon  as  this  is  finished  I  go  toj 
the  university  for  a  meeting.  After  | 
tliat  I  conduct  a  funeral  service  in 
the  chapel  and  a  burial  service  at 
the  cemetery. 

"Then  I  will  make  thi-ee  calls  at 
downtown  hospitals,  one  on  a  very 
old  lady,  another  on  a  lovely  young, 
woman  who  has  endured  more  suffer- 
ing in  her  brief  years  than  anybody 
I  have  known  and  a  third  on  a  teach- 
er whose  immediate  physical  problem 
has  not  been  diagnosed. 

"Then  it's  home  for  a  brief  dinner 
hour  followed  by  a  committee  meet- 
ing  tonight.    .    .   . 

"We  go  from  rejoicing  at  the  birth 
of  a  new  baby  to  sharing  with  a  fam-, 
ily  in  its  loss  of  a  loved  one  to  listen- 
ing to  a  student  tell  of  exciting  dis- 
coveries. ...  to  Ustening  to  a  mem-; 
ber  of  the  congregation  fume  about! 
'hippies'  to  worry  with  the  business' 
manager  about  a  financial  problem" 
...  to  chairing  a  boai-d  meeting  of  » 

Janiiary  4,  1969 

Page  Thirty-one 

large  social  agency  to  times  of  medi- 
tation and  study." 


Atlantic  City  <EP) — The  omission 
of  treatment  may  sometimes  ha\-e  to 
be  considered  by  pliysicans  in  hand- 
ling the  cases  of  the  old,  helpless, 
hopeless  cases,  a  prominent  surgeon 
said  here. 

The  subject  of  euthanasia  was 
brought  up  by  Dr.  Preston  Allen 
Wade  of  New  Yorl<  City,  new  presi- 
dent of  the  American  College  of 

The  surgeon,  he  said,  "sacrifices 
human  dignity  at  the  time  of  death 
if  his  treament  only  prolongs  the 
process  of  dying  and  adds  to  the 
suffering  of  patient  and  his  family," 
Wade  said. 


Washiiig1«n,  D.C.  (EP) — Alcohol- 
ism is  being  underscored  by  the  L,a- 
bor  Department  as  a  major  cause  of 
ghetto  unemployment. 

"Alcoholism  is  a  factor  to  be  faced 
in  placing  pai-ticipants  in  national 
manpower  training  and  development 

programs  which  aim  at  full  employ- 
ment in  an  expanding  economy,"  the 
department's  Manpower  Administra- 
tion said  in  a  statement. 

"A  good  job  is  also  a  factor  in 
helping  such  persons  to  battle  their 
problems,"   it  said. 


Chicago  (EP)— Some  2,000  Baptists 
representing  half  a  dozen  different 
conventions  attended  a  Crusade  of 
the  Americas  rally  in  Chicago  despite 
a  t\v'0-inch  snowfall  and  a  last  minute 
change  of  meeting  place. 

The  Moody  Memorial  Churcli  de- 
cided not  to  pei-mit  the  use  of  its 
building  because  of  the  church's 
boai'd  of  du'ectors  objected  to  the 
theological  views  and  pacifist  stand 
of  one  of  the  speakers,  Culbert  Rut- 

The  offending  individual,  president 
of  the  American  Baptist  Convention 
and  a  professor  at  Andover-Newton 
Theological  Seminary  in  Newton  Cen- 
ter, Mass.,  was  one  of  three  major 
speakers  for  the  rally.  The  meeting 
was  moved  to  Medina  Temple  and  ail 
publicity  pieces  changed  by  hand. 

As  a  result  of  the  interracial  rally 
involving  Southern,  Swedish,  German 

and  Negro  Baptists  in  the  Chicago 
area  there  is  a  possibility  that  quar- 
terly meetings  may  be  held  for  Bap- 
tist pastors  in  the  Chicago  area  to 
plan  and  work  closer  together,  an 
official  said. 


Los  Angeles  (EP)  —  Since  the 
televised  seance  wliich  allegedly  re- 
vealed a  communication  between 
Bishop  James  Pike  and  his  dead  son, 
religious  mediums  have  been  increas- 
ingly busy. 

Spiritualists  report  "tremendous  in- 
terest" in  psychic  phenomena,  reduc- 
ing wliat  mediums  describe  as  relig- 
ious persecution  and  charges  of  fak- 
eiy  from  unbelievers  in  the  move- 

Mediums  say  they  ai-e  getting 
speaking  invitations  from  chiirches 
and  colleges,  while  books  by  seers 
such  as  Ruth  Montgomeiy  are  en- 
joying good  saies. 

The  new  public  attention,  says  the 
Rev.  Arthur  Ford,  one  of  the  best 
known  religious  mediums,  must  find 
the  spiritualist  movement  putting  less 
emphasis  on  its  "gifts"  and  more  on 
essentials  of  religion  —  "eternal  love 
and  eternal  life." 

The  Brethren  PubUshing  Company 
524  College  Avenue 
Ashland,  Ohio     44805 

Gentlemen : 

The  undersigned,   

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$1,000.00  Bonds 

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My  check  in  the  amount  of  $_ 

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Page  Thirty-two 

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/<^e   'Siet^nctt 


Vol.  XCI 

January  18,   1969 

No.  2 

TCe.  "B'tStUcit 


I    ST 


Editor  af  Publications   Rev.  Spencer  Gentle 

Board  of  Editorial  Consultants 

Woman's  Missionai-y  Society 

Mrs,  Charlene  Rowser 
National  Laymen's  Organization 

Mr.  Floyd  Benshoff 

Missionary  Board   Mi-s.  Marion  M.  Mellinger 

Sisterhood   Miss  Kathy  Miller 

Board  of  Christian  Education: 

Youth  Commission Miss  Beverly  Summy 

Adult  Commission   Rev.  Fred  Bui-koy 

Published  biweekly    ( twenty -sLx  issues  per  year) 


524  College  Avenue 

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Prudential  Conuiiittee : 

Elton  Wliitted,  President;  Richard  Poorbaugh, 
Vice  President;   Rev.   George  VJ.  Solomon. 

In    I  his    Issue: 

Notes  and  Comments   2 

Editoriai:    "A  Good  Prescription"  3 

Sisterhood  Program  Materials  for  February   ....   4 
Signal  Lights  Pn;gram  Materials  for  February  .  .   8 

"Missions  Live-In  —  UCLA  Missions 

Conference  ChaUenges  Youth"   9 

"The  Blessed  Invitajtion:  'Come!'  " 

by  Rev.   R.  Glen  Tra\-er   10 

"Where  They  Stand  —  Tlie  Faiths  Represented 
by  Nixon's  Cabinet"   12 

The  Missionary  Board   13 

"DisoLplesihip  in  the  City" 

by  Rev.  Brian  Moore   17 

World  Religious  News  in  Review   20 

"Love's  Durability" 

by  Rev.  Gene  Hollinger   22 

Bryan,  Ohio  26 

The  Brethren  Layman   27 

The  Board  of  Christian  Education  30 




DWIGHT  WHARTON,  a  pressman  in  the 
•hit  shop,  passed  away  on  Thursday,  Janu- 
ary 9,  1969,  in  an  Akron,  Oliio,  hospital  following  an 
illness  of  several  weeks.  He  had  not  worked  since 
early  in  No'vember. 

Mr.  Whartoin  had  been  associaited  with  The  Breth- 
ren Publishing  Company  for  many  years. 

He  was  a  member  of  the  Clirist's  United  Metho- 
dist Church  here  in  Ashland.  His  funeral  was  con- 
ducted on  Monday.  January  13  with  Re\'.  Paul  Frees 
in  charge. 


'  I  'HE  ANNUAL  will  be  coming  to  you  vei-y  short-l 
1  ly  now.  It  is  off  the  press  and  is  aboiut  ready; 
for  mailing.  We  are  sorry  for  the  delay  in  getting] 
this  issue  cut  to  you.  Our  men  in  the  shop  bavei 
been  working  overtime  in  order  to  get  it  completed.l 
Since  we  have  been  short  one  pressman  these: 
several  weeks,  the  work  in  the  shop  has  been  slow-, 
ed  down  considerably.  Again,  we  are  sorry  and  wei 
are  hoping  that  this  situation  wiU  not  e.xist  next 
fall  when  time  comes  to  print  the  Annual. 


WE  KNOW  you  ai-e  interested  in  the  progresi 
of  acquisition  of  the  new  equipment.    As  toj 
date,  the  two  old  presses  have  been  removed  fron 
the  shop:   the  oai-penter  is  to  begin  his  work  ve 
shortly  on  the  dark  room  and  superintendent's  of4| 
fice.   The  Davidson  600  Offset  Press  has  been  shipi 
ped  -as  well  as  the  new  proof  press.  ' 

The  other  equipment  is  to  be  shipped  \'ery  shortly,  i 
We  are  looking  forward  to  receiving  this  equip 
ment  and  to  get  it  into  operation. 


If  I  could  have  the  whole  wide  world; 

It's  silver  and  it's  gold, 
I'd  rather  have  my  Saviour's  love; 

A  place  within  His  fold. 

I  have  no  faith  in  mammon's  power; 

I'm  trusting  in  the  Lord; 
For  He  has  blessed  me  far  beyond 

What  this  world  could  afford. 

The  measure  of  men's  great  success 

Is  not  by  what  they  own; 
It  is  by  lives  of  servitude; 

And  not  by  faith  alone. 

I  might  be  rich  in  earthly  goods. 

And  yet  a  pauper  be. 
If,  by  my  lust,  my  soul  was  lost 

For  all  eternity. 

Norman  McPherson 

January  18,  1969 

Page  Tliree 



/?   ^ood   Vrescnption 

TN  A  recent  news  item  the  following  was  written : 
"For  insomnia,   neuroticism  and  peptic   ulcers, 
the  l)est  antidote  is  'Vitamin  R,'  namely  'Religion,' 
according  to  Dr.  George  W.  Crane. 

"In  response  to  Case  H-573,  the  doctor  said  that 
when  people  worship  colored  tablets  and  bottled 
medicines  they  are  growing  idolatrous. 

"  'Indeed,  the  rise  of  psychiatry  is  an  indirect 
indictment  of  the  decline  in  religion,'  Dr.  Crane 
said.  'A  finn  partnership  with  the  Almighty  gives 
you  a  wider,  cosmic  perspective.  This  dwarfs 
petty  daily  irritations.  It  then  lets  you  fall  asleep 
without  knocking  yourself  out  with  a  chemical 
club  inside  your  cranium.  Remember,  too,  that 
the  drugs  you  consume  will  thus  impose  an  extra 
burden  on  your  life  and  kidneys  and  usually  your 

"  'Get  on  God's  team  so  you  can  then  relax  at 
might  by  asking  Him  to  take  over  the  night  shift 
for  you,'  the  journalist  physician  stated." 

As  I  read  this  item  I  was  reminded  of  the  bit  of 
Scripture  in  the  fourth  chapter  of  Philippians 
which  reads:  "Those  things,  which  ye  have  both 
learned,  and  received,  and  heard,  and  seen  in  me, 
do :  and  the  God  of  peace  shall  be  with  you."  Our 
God  is  a  God  of  peace  and  the  Christian  can  know 
■the  peace  that  comes  from  Him. 

It  is  a  known  fact  that  a  dedicated  Christian 
who  lives  as  Christ  would  have  him  live  does  not 
have  the  problems  of  life  to  contend  with  as  does 
the  non-Christian.  The  Christian  soon  learns  to 
place  his  complete  trust  in  God  and  leaves  many  of 
his  problems  with  Him.  One  of  the  greater  bless- 
ings of  being  Christian  is  that  of  being  able  to  lie 
down  at  night  in  peace  knowing  that  whatever 
happens  all  is  well  with  the  soul.  Also,  the  Chris- 
tian does  have  the  ability  to  allow  God  "to  take 
over  the  night  shift." 

j\Iost  pastors  recognize  the  fact  that  if  an  indi- 
\-idual  with  problems  will  give  himself  completely 
to  God's  care  that  the  psychologist  or  the  psychi- 
atrist are  not  needed.  Let  it  be  said  now  that  if 
the  Christian  thinks  it  necessary  to  visit  the  pro- 
fessional psychologist  or  psychiatrist  he  should 
be  sure  that  these  men  are  also  Christian !  There 
are  times  when  such  professional  help  is  needed 
but  let  it  be  of  Christian  nature. 

Dr.  Crane  is  right  when  he  prescribes  "Vitamin 
R"  which  is  religion  for  it  does  much  to  soothe 
the  troubled  heart. 

Jesus  said:  "Come  to  me,  all  who  labor  and 
are  heavy  laden,  and  I  will  give  you  rest.  Take 
my  yoke  upon  you  and  learn  from  me:  for  I  am 
gentle  and  lowly  in  heart,  and  you  will  find  rest 
for  your  souls.  For  my  yoke  is  easy,  and  my  bur- 
den is  light." 

Page  Four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Devotional  Program  for  Februaryi 

C'aJl  to  Worship: 

Psalm  23 

Song  Service 
Circle  of  Prayer 

Bible  Studies: 

Senior:  "Hang-ups  Of  Hate" 
Junior:  "I  Am  tlie  Good  Sheiplierd" 

Discussion  Questions: 

Senior :  Discussion  from  cliosen  book 

Special  Music 


"Spirit  of  Sisterhood" 

S.M.M.  Benediction 


Read  John  10:11-18 


LAST  MONTH,  you  remember,  we  talked  about  Jesus 
as  tlie  picture  of  the  Door  of  the  sheep.  It  was  very 
natural  for  Him  -to  move  from  the  Dooir  to  ithe  picture  of 
the  Good  Shepherd.  Both  were  illusti-ations  easily  under- 
stood by  the  people  who  were  hearing  Him.  They  were 
familiar  with  the  fold  for  the  sheep,  its  manner  of  con- 
sti-uction,  its  single  opening,  and  the  ousitom  of  the  shep- 
herd to  he  at  the  opening  as  a  human  barrier  separating 
the  sheep  and  tlie  dangers  which  might  await  outside. 
They  were  famUiar  with  tlie  work  of  a  shepherd,  and 
probably  knew  wliat  all  was  involved  in  caring  for  the 

Jesus  called  Himself  the  "Good  Shepherd."  Then  the 
first  thing  He  says  about  the  good  shepherd  is  that  "the 
good  shepherd  layeth  down  bis  life  for  the  sheep."  A 
good  shepherd  will  give  his  life  for  the  safety  of  his 
sheep.  Of  course,  His  listeners  didn't  understand  at  this 
time  the  full  significance  of  tliese  pictures.  It  was  only 
after  His  crucifixion  that  they  remembered  His  sayings 
and  realized  He  was  planning  to  give  His  life  for  us,  the 

Christ  then  conti'asts  the  good  shepherd  to  an  hireling| 
We  would  translate  an  hireling  as  "hired  man."  Th(l| 
sheep  don't  beilong  to  hdm  and  he  really  doesn't  hav* 
much  interest  m  them.  He  just  watches  them  to  eai-i 
some  money.  Ftor  him  it  is  only  a  job.  Jesus  may  havi 
been  referring  to  the  Pharisees  and  scribes  who  used  thei 
positions  for  personal  gain. 

To  the  good  shepherd  each  sheep  is  a  personal  concerni 
In  those  shepherd  countries  there  is  a  veiy  close  bonii 
between  ithe  flock  and  the  one  who  cares  for  them.  The; 
are  his  friends  and  he  is  personally  interested  in  ead 
one.  Jesus  uses  His  close  relationship  witti  the  Fa.the^ 
to  further  show  His  devotion  to  the  sheep. 

Jesus  was  speaking  to  Jews  for  whom  He  was  thi 
promised  Messiah.  As  Jesus  talked  about  being  a  shefi 
herd,  they  probably  thought  about  their  great  King  Davii 
wlio  was  also  a  shepherd.  But  Jesus  includes  Gentiles  i\ 
this  flocl<  as  He  says,  "And  other  sheep  I  ha\'e,  whici 
are  not  of  this  fold:  them  also  I  must  bring,  and  theii 
shall  hear  My  voice;  and  there  shall  be  one  fold,  and  om 
shepherd."     That   would   be   correctly    translated   to   sa 

January  18,  1969 

Page  Five 

"one  flock  and  one  shepherd."  This  one  flock  is  the  Church 
made  uip  of  sheep  called  cot  of  the  foJd  of  Israel  and  of 
the  "o'ther  sheep." 

Following  this  statement  Jesus  makes  a  magnlficant 
claim.  He  says,  "I  lay  down  my  life,  that  I  might  take  it 
again.  No  man  takeith  it  from  me,  but  I  lay  it  down  of 
myself.  I  have  power  to  lay  it  down,  and  I  have  power 
to  take  it  again."  We  know  in  history  many  men  who  have 
sacrificed  their  lives  for  their  country  or  for  someone  else's 
life.  Jesus  here  is  claiming  He  will  not  only  give  His  life 
of  His  own  accord  but  that  He  has  the  power  to  take  His 
life  back  again.  We  knew  He  did  just  that  when  He  rose 
from  >the  grave.  No  man  e.xcept  Christ  has  ever  conquered 
death.  Therefore,  as  our  Shepherd  He  can  lead  us  through 
e\'ery  situation,  e\'en  through  "the  vailey  of  the  shad<yw 
of  death." 

The  characteristics  of  sheep  illustrate  some  spiritual 
traits  of  human  beings.  Sheep  have  little  or  no  sense  of 
direction  and  tend  to  wander  off  and  lose  their  way.  Men 
do  the  same  thing  in  spiritual  things.  If  we  don't  look  to 
Christ  for  direction  in  our  daily  life,  we  will  soon  find 
ourselves  off  ti-ack. 

Sheep  are  also  known  for  their  inability  to  protect 
themselves.  A  flock  that  wanders  off  by  itself  may  be  de- 
stroyed by  wild  beasts  or  other  natural  dangers.  Sheep 
need  a  shepherd.  This  is  also  true  of  men  spiritually.  It 
is  true  even  of  Christians,  wlio  are  Christ's  sheep.  Bc- 
lie\'ei^s  cannot  protect  themselves  in  their  own  strength. 
Their  enemies  —  the  world,  the  flesh,  and  the  devil  —  are 

far  stronger  than  they.  We  need  not  fear,  however  be- 
cause the  Good  Shepherd  will  protect  them. 

Sheep  cannot  find  pasture  fur  themselves.  Flocks  left 
to  themselves  have  been  known  to  starve  on  the  range- 
lands  because  they  could  not  find  the  grass.  Christians 
alsa  need  a  Shepherd  to  guide  them  into  rich  pasture 
and  "beside  the  still  waters."  Christ's  tmder-shepherds 
today  are  the  ministers  and  lay  peoiile  who  guide  and 
direct  with  His  guidance. 

Later  in  this  chapter  is  a  passage  we  didn't  include  in 
our  reading.  Jesus  is  being  questioned  furtlier  liy  the 
Jews.  They  demand  further  proof  of  His  deity.  In  verse 
26-28  Jesus  answers,  ".  .  .  ye  believe  not,  because  ye  are 
nut  of  my  sheep  .  .  .  My  sheep  hear  my  voice,  and  I 
know  them,  and  they  follow  me:  And  I  give  unto  them 
eternal  life;  and  they  shall  never  perish,  neither  shall 
any  man  pluck  them  out  of  my  hand." 

He-re  in  two  short  verses  Jesus  summarizes  the  rela- 
tionship between  Himself  and  His  sheep.  First,  they  hear 
His  voice;  second,  they  fellow  Him,  and  third,  He  gives 
them  eternal  life.  Are  you  one  of  His  sheep?  Have  you 
lieard  His  \-oice?  Are  you  following  His  leading?  Is  He 
j'Gur  shepherd? 

Questions   for  disiussion: 

1.  To  what  limits  will  the  Shepherd  protect  His  sheep? 

2.  Who  are  the  hirelings  in   the  Church  today? 

.3.  Hijw  does  a  minister's  job  compare  to  that  of  a  shep- 





UCH  IS  WRITTEN  AND  SPOKEN  about  the  \-ar- 
ious  ijhysical,  mental,  emotional  and  spiritual  prob- 
lems of  mankind.  A  problem  which  isn't  recognized,  or  a 
problem  which  isn't  resoh'ed  can,  over  a  period  of  time, 
become  such  an  obsession  that  it  colors  and  cripples  a 
victim's  life.  When  this  happens  we  say  such  a  person 
has  a  "hang-up."  The  very  word  paints  a  picture  of  a 
person  suspended  in  mid-air  unable  to  make  any  progress 
in  any  direction,  unable  to  find  a  firm  basis  as  a  start- 
'ing  point  for  action.  He's  utterly  helpless,  utterly  miser- 
able, utterly  "hoioked"  on  the  prongs  of  his  own  special 

Although  the  word  we  use  to  describe  such  a  condi- 
|tion  in  modern  life  is  new,  the  condition  of  a  hang-up  is 
!as  old  as  man  himself.  Adam  and  Eve  found  themselves 
lin  just  such  a  place  as  a  result  of  their  wilful  pride  and 
disobedience,  and  now  in  the  book  of  Esther  we  find 
Haman  deceived  by  one  of  the  oldest  of  man's  sins,  the 
v^ery  desparate  hang-up  of  hate. 

You  will  remember  that  Queen  Esther  in  a  \-ery  clever 
move  had  invited  her  husband  King  Xerxes  and  the  prime 
minister  Haman  to  a  lavish  feast.  One  would  think  that 
the  wjly  Haman  would  be  for  once  filled  with  satisfaction 
and  joy  at  this  overt  sign  of  the  queen's  fa\-or,  but  Ha- 
man hated  Mordecia  so  bitterly  that  this  horrible  hate- 
monster  of  his  own  making  now  ruled  every  corner  of 
his  life,  outside  and  inside.  True,  Hanian  did  brag  to 
his  v\-ife  and  to  his  friends  of  the  "things"  he  had  achiev- 
ed, but  Haman,  though  a  man  alert  to  the  "things"  of 
life  was  utterly  unaware  of  their  significances.  He  did 
not  sense  any  "hidden"  purpose  in  Esther's  gracious  invi- 
tation. Many  people  today  are  much  like  Haman.  Our 
world  puUs  hard  for  "things,"  yet,  when  we  have  ac- 
quired such  "things"  we  are  sometimes  restless  and  un- 
liappy  as  was  Haman.  Our  possessions  have  come  to  pos- 
sess us,  rather  than  our  possessing  them.  Thus,  a  great 
internal  confUct  is  set  in  motion  within  us. 

Haman's   nagging  internal   conflict  was   the  result,  so 

Page  Six 

The  Brethren  Evangel i^l 

Uie  Bible  tells  us,  of  his  intense  hatred  for  Mordeoia 
(Esther  5:9-13).  If  you  are  miserable  in  the  midst  of 
rich  material  things  and  in  the  successes  of  life,  look 
inward  to  find  the  source  of  your  own  wretchedness.  It 
may  not  be  the  hate  hang-up  of  Haman's,  bmt  it  is  almost 
certain  to  be  one  of  the  sins  of  the  spirit  which  slowly 
destixjys  the  "inner"  you.  After  isolating  the  hidden  dis- 
ease within,  then  look  outward  and  upward  unto  Christ, 
the  author  and  finisher  of  our  faith.  He  is  the  physician 
of  the  soul.  He  alone  has  the  healing  for  the  wounds 
and  festering  His  of  the  spirit. 

Let  us  return  to  the  unfortunate  Haman  who  in  a  fren- 
zy of  hate  now  has  had  a  gaUows  made  upon  which  he 
plans  to  hang  his  arch  enemy  Mordecia.  In  the  mean- 
time, the  king  a  poor  sleeper  ran  out  of  Soiminex  and  in 
the  borderline  of  sleep  and  awakeness  had  a  terrible 
n'ghtmare.  To  contemplate  the  murdei-  of  a  nation 
would  likely  give  a  man  nightmares.  To  lull  the  disturb- 
ed king  into  peace,  his  servants  began  to  read  to  him 
from  the  court  records,  certainly  dull  enough  to  put  any 
king  to  sleep.  But,  what  was  this?  In  the  official  rec- 
ords was  kept  a  list  of  the  names  of  men  who  were  called 
"Benefactors  of  the  King."  Herein  was  written  the  rec- 
ord of  Mordecia's  saving  the  king  from  the  ploit  of  assas- 
sins. The  mercurial  Xer.^es  suddenly  found  his  cold 
heart  warmed  with  a  great  love  for  his  new  "oldest"  and 
dearest  friend,  the  Jew  Mordecia.  Of  course,  this  was  the 
very  same  Jew  whom  Xerxes  liad  condemned  to  death 
just  prior  to  his  nightmare. 

All  thoughts  of  sleep  departed,  Xer.xes  called  liis  jirimo 
minister  Haman  and  asked  that  fateful  question,  "What 
sliould  be  done  to  honor  a  man  whom  the  king  delighleth 
to  honor?"  Poor  old  Haman  who  always  intei-preted  e\- 
erylhing  in  terms  cf  himself,  naturally  supposed  that  the 
Iving  was  about  to  give  him,  Haman,  his  just  dues.  The 
l<ing  w-as;  he  most  certainly  was,  but  the  just  dues  were 
not  to  be  what  Haman  had  expected  —  far  from  it.  The 
greedy  Haman  rubbed  his  oily  little  hands  and  purposed 
in  his  little  black  heart.  (Read  chapter  6  of  Esther, 
verses  8  and  9  to  see  the  gi-eat  honor  Hamaji  planned 
for    his    own    gloi-y. ) 

Xerxes  was  well  pleased  with  Haman's  suggestjions, 
and  coimm?nded  the  shocked  fellow  to  do  all  these  great 
honors  untio  the  Jew  Mordecia!  How  cruel  life  is  to  us 
when  we  have  so  consistently  misused  it!  How  relentless, 
how  destructive  evil  can  be  when  we  are  wed  to  her 
and  pledged  to  her  purpose.  How  merciless  the  wages 
of  hate.  There  are  two  great  forces  in  life;  lo'\e  and 
liate,  but  love  is  the  only  strength  which  makes  tilings 
one  without  destroying  them.  Love  always  creates  his 
own  personality  and  helps  others  create  theirs.  Hate 
creates  nothing  l)ut  evil  and  chaos.  It  can  ne^-er  be  the 
instrument  which  will  reconcile  men  to  God  and  to  one 
anotlier.  It  is  the  great  separator  of  life,  the  mf)st  deadly 
of  all  hang-ups  of  the  heart  and  mind. 

It  is  then  in  this  state  tliat  the  king  and  Human  at- 
tend Esther's  Ijanquet.  It  took  two  days  to  eat  their 
way  through  the  main  course  and  to  arrive  at  the  ban- 
quet of  wines.  Sodden  in  food  and  soaked  in  wine,  the 
l^ing  asked  Esther  to  make  her  special  request  to  h'm,  for 
it  was  the  custom  for  the  king  to  grant  a  great  favor  at 
such  a  moment.  At  this  point  Esther  revealed  to  the 
king  her  true  nationality.  She  was  a  Jewess  and  the 
cousin  of  Mordecia.    She  also  told  the  king  that  Haman's 

plot  would  destroy  her  and  her  people.    She  asked  that 
he  spare  them  all. 

As  usual  the  tempermental  king  flies  into  his  favorite 
tantrum  of  rage,  and  shouting  violent  words  he  promptly 
sentences  the  terrified  Haman  to  the  gallows  where  he 
dies  on  his  very  own  hang-up  of  hate  Which  he  had  so 
diligently  prepared  for  Mordecia.  The  irony  of  such  a 
fate  dumfounds  the  reader  of  Esither  even  thous- 
ands of  years  after  the  event  takes  place.  In  a  face- 
about  extreme  Xerxes  now  takes  off  his  ring  and  gives 
it  to  the  Jew  Mordecia!  So  had  Pharoah  given  his  ring 
to  Joseph,  so  we  can  assume  that  Mordecia  was  now  in- 
\-ested  with  the  same  great  authority  Joseph  had  possess- 

However,  Esther's  main  task  was  not  the  glory  of 
Mordeoia,  nor  the  death  of  Ham^an.  She  had  a  much 
greater  purpose  of  heart  and  soul,  the  deliverance  of  the 
Jewish  nation.  It  was  illegal  and  also  unthinkable  for 
Xer.xes  to  revoke  a  law  he  had  himself  made.  It  must 
never  appear  that  he,  Xerxes,  had  made  a  mistake.  So 
it  was  now  up  to  Mordecia  and  Esther  to  formulate  a 
new  decree  which  would  cast  no  disparagement  on  the 
first,  but  which  would  at  the  same  time  sajve  the  Jews 
who  were  condemned  to  death  by  the  first  proclamation. 
Was  ever  a  woman  faced  with  such  a  ticklish  situation? 

A  possible  solution  to  this  problem  now  became  the 
\'ery  center  of  Esther's  thinking.  It  was  to  be  her  "soul" 
experience,   one  which  would  demand  her  whole  person.  r| 

There  was  yet  nine  months  before  the  first  decree  to 
murder  the  Jews  was  to  be  can-led  out.  Though  the  mail 
ser\-ice  and  post  office  speed  of  these  Persians  is  am' 
historical  fact,  travel  was  stiU  slow.  There  was  a  good 
possibility  that  Moirdecia  in  his  new  complete  authority 
could  send  out  a  second  decree  by  fast  camel  which  would 
outrun  the  first  messengers.  Thus,  the  second  decree 
would  an-ive  before  the  first.  It  all  depended  upon  the 
camels.  My,  what  a  puzzle  that  must  have  been,  Mor- 
decia's new  decree  gave  the  Jews  the  right  to  bear  arms, 
to  defend  himself  when  the  appointed  day  of  his  slaughter 
arri\'ed.  According  to  the  first  decree  the  Jew  could  not 
l>ear  arms.  Although  the  second  decree  did  not  nullify 
the  first,   the  Jew  was  warned  and  he  was  prepared. 

The  appointed  day  of  death  came.  The  Jews  met  it 
well  armed.  They  were  not  magnanimous  to  the  attack- 
ing Persians.  The  Jews  have  never  shown  kindness  and 
tolerance  to  other  nationalities.  The  intolerance  of  otlicr 
nations  to  the  Jew  has  become  a  part  of  his  national  char- 
acter too.  We  seem  always  to  absorb  the  worse  charac- 
teristics of  those  who  enslave  us,  and  when  our  turn  for 
repi-isal  comes,  we  are  often  more  vicious  than  our  orig- 
inal tormentors. 

Tliis  is  true  of  all  of  humanity,  not  just  the  Jews.  We 
attack  most  bitteriy  those  people  in  whom  we  see  our 
own  personal  faults.  When  parents  see  their  own  weak- ! 
nesses  repeated  in  their  children,  the  same  parents  are 
not  inclined  to  be  generous.  Often,  they  will  punish  the 
cliild  most  severly  for  being  so  unfortunate  as  to  have 
iiilierited  the  parent's  character  weakness. 

It  is  a  well  known  fact  that  one  of  the  big  reasons- 
why  our  Pilgi-im  fathers  left  Great  Bri'tain  was  because< 
of  her  restrictions  on  their  freedom  of  worship.  In  a  fewj 
years  in  the  New  World  the  same  Puritans  were  forcing- 
men  to  either  assume  the  Puritan  faith  or  get  out.  The 
great  tolerator  Roger  Williams  was  one  of  their  most! 
famous   victims. 

January  18,  1969 

Page  Seven 

Today,  the  Negro  who  pi-otests  so  vigorously  the  white 
man's  intolerance,  hatred,  cruelty  and  suppressing  of 
Negro  rights  is  practicing  the  same  sins  against  tlie 
white  man.  The  black  man  in  his  new  complete  authority 
could  send  out  a  decree  which  would  rob  his  former 
white  oppressor  of  his  rights,  humiliate  him  as  the 
Negro  has  been  humiliated  and  subject  the  white  man  to 
the  very  same  wrong  which  the  Negro  has  suffered. 
(Only  God  is  merciful  to  those  who  have  sinned  against 
Him.    Man   is   not. ) 

Many  militant  Negroes  no  longer  want  equality.  They 
want  supremacy  and  will  settle  for  nothing  less.  It  is  a 
modern  working  out  of  that  old  law  of  a  to'oth  for  a 
tooth,  a  life  for  a  life,  a  hurt  for  a  hurt,  a  hate  for  a 
hate,  and  it  is  not  going  to  work.  It  is  ne\'er  going  to 
work,  not  for  the  black  man  any  more  than  it  has  work- 
ed for  the  white  man,  nor  for  the  Jew,  or  for  any  race 
Df  men.  Tliis  is  not  a  law  that  any  human  being  can  live 
by,  for  such  a  law  is  a  ministry  of  condemnation  and 
death.  The  letter  of  the  law  kiUeth.  It  even  killed  Christ, 
3ur  Lord.  There  is  no  life  in  the  law  of  revenge,  for  re- 
venge is  not  a  human  property  and  is  not  to  be  minis- 
tered by  man.  There  is  no  life  in  hatred  either,  nur  in 
riots,  nor  in  hiunUiation,  nor  in  the  subjection  of  any 
human  being  to  another.  The  white  man's  sin  against 
the  Negro  is  clear  and  definite.  God  will  judge  and  God 
ivill  decide  that  score,  but  for  either  white  man  or  Negro 
to  piu-sue  a  philosoijhy  of  hate  is  fatal.  Such  a  rule  will 
3\'entually  destroy  us  all.  Neither  master  nor  sla\'e  can 
long  survive  man's  inhumanity  to  man. 

Nevertheless,  as  violence  rules  today  as  a  weapun  for 
the  downtrodden,  so  did  the  Jew  employ  it  then,  and 
sven  oiu:  courageous,  faithful  Esther  falls  prey  to  the 
iiang-up  of  hate.  For  hate  is  always  contagious.  Lo'\-e 
is  contagious  too,  but  it  is  a  good  infection  which  enriclies 
men's  lives.  Hate  is  a  bad  infection  which  destroys  the 
jood  along  with  the  bad.  No  man  bred  in  hate,  nourished 
n  revenge  can  escape  its  horrible  indictment.  (See 
Esther  9:5-13.) 

"And  the  land  of  Persia  ran  red  with  human  blood  and 
I'evenge."  And  Esther  triumphed,  or  did  she  really? 
There  is  no  lasting  \dctory  in  this  sort  of  action.  We 
:annot  say  very  much  about  a  gain,  for  the  evil  men 
bring  upon  themselves  e\'en  in  the  moiment  of  triumph 
must  be  judged  by  God  and  God  alone.  For  e\-en  the 
■learts  and  minds  of  faithful  men  and  women  are  tainted 
'0.y  the  evd  which  abounds  in  our  world,  so  that  even  the 
very  elect  of  God  are  sometimes  deceived. 

Thus,  we  are  not  called  upon  to  judge  m  any  age. 
rhere  is  far  too  much  judgmental  criticism  in  our  own 
age,  and  it  is  dangerous.  We  are  a  people  of  much  pow- 
3r,  but  power  in  our  case  is  a  mere  power  culture.  We 
have  power  to  kill,  power  to  raise  prices,  etc.  Power  of 
itself  is  only  an  instriunent,  and  it  can  and  has  become 
iften  a  great  force  for  evil.  There  must  be  a  spiritual 
element  in  power  if  it  is  not  to  be  destructive.  The  use 
>f  power  is  far  more  important  than  the  existence  of 
powe;-.  There  is  also  much  emphasis  today  on  union. 
Union  is  a  false  ideal,  and  it  often  has  all  the  evils  i>( 
oigness  and  unrestrained  power.  But  unity  is  wonderful. 
The  true  unity  of  minds  is  a  good  and  useful  power.  Es- 
ither  in  her  story  also  reminds  us  of  freedom  which  is 
■much  talked  about  in  our  age.  Being  free  is  nothing,  but 
oeing  free  to  do  something  is  good.  It  is  much  better 
dian   the  empty  freedom  of  being  free  from  something. 

Recently,  I  heard  a  wise  man  saying  when  he  was  discus- 
sing freedoon  that  we  often  think  that  we  are  emancipa- 
ted when  we  are  really  just  unbuttoned!  Probably  the 
most  dangerous  thing  in  all  the  protest  movements  to- 
day is  the  sense  of  the  lack  of  sin  on  the  part  of  the  pro- 
testors. There  is  great  emphasis  on  morality  of  course. 
(The  other  fellow  is  always  wrong.)  This  is  always  what 
happens  wlien  God  is  left  out  of  any  power  movement, 
any  protest  movement,  any  freedom  movement.  The  pro- 
testor only  has  a  seiise  of  the  sin  which  has  been  done 
unto  him,  but  never  the  reality  of  sin  in  his  own  life. 
And  if  ungodly  men  are  successful  in  proitest,  then  thej-, 
when  in  power  will  ever  pei-petuatc  against  the  losers 
the  very  same  sin  under  which  they  once  smarted. 

This  may  all  seem  very  puzzling,  but  our  age  is  a 
puzzling  age  and  it  will  take  wisdom  from  God  to  meet 
our  hang-ups  and  our  grave  situations.  Again  I  say  we 
are  not  called  upon  to  judge.  What  then  in  our  age  is 
the  Christian  called  to  do?  We  are  asked  only  to  trust 
and  obey.  Thank  God  that  He  has  spai-ed  us  from  the 
terrible  bui-den  of  judging.  Our  message  today  is  a  mes- 
sage of  love,  and  redemption  not  a  ministry  of  condem- 
nation and  death. 

It  is  true  that  out  of  our  most  magnificent  defeats  can 
come  our  greatest  victories,  and  this  was  true  of  Esther 
and  her  people.  Yet,  as  we  near  the  end  of  this  fascin- 
ating period  so  like  our  own  in  so  many  ways  and  pre- 
pare to  say  good-bye  to  Esther  this  most  courageous  of 
girls,  our  hearts  are  saddened.  We  know  at  this  point 
in  history  that  the  Jew  is  out  of  the  will  of  God.  Thus  his 
victory  cannot  be  entirely  in  the  Lord,  for  God  though 
watching  over  His  people  has  hidden  His  face.  What  of 
our  age?    Has  the  Lord  again  hidden  His  face? 

I  would  not  leave  you  on  a  negative  note.  The  Jews 
heard  the  decree  of  Mordecia  and  they  believed  it  and 
they  were  saved.  Just  so  today.  Christians  hear,  belie\'e 
and  are  saved.  God's  pattern  does  not  change,  and  in 
her  heart  Esther  must  have  known  this  and  believe<i  it. 
Thus  we  can  look  at  her  experience  in  that  ancient  day, 
and  touch  hearts  and  lives  with  her.  One  thing  stands 
out  above  all  the  chaos  and  change  of  Esther's  time, 
above  all  the  plots,  all  the  fickleness  of  the  people,  and 
the  constant  ebb  and  flow  of  events.  That  very  same 
thing  stands  out  in  our  age  today,  above  the  confusion, 
the  violence,  the  sway  of  power,  and  that  thing  is  the 
eternal  reality  of  the  unchanging  God.  It  is  joy;  it  is  se- 
curity; it  is  comfort;  it  is  hope;  it  is  a  benediction  to  hear 
above  the  clamor  of  strange  voices  and  the  tumult  of  our 
uncertainty  the  constant  voice  of  God  saying,  "Behold, 
I  am  the  same  today,  yesterday  and  fore\er,  I  change 

•Stop,  think  and  discuss: 

1.  If  your  school  or  your  church  is  confronted  with  a 
racial  problem,  this  is  a  good  time  to  talk  of  this. 

2.  Discuss  some  of  the  hang-ups  of  modern  youth;  work 
out  some  practical  ways  of  getting  "luihung." 

3.  Discuss  tlie  "power  culture"  in  your  school.  How  does 
it  operate?  How  do  we  control  the  "use"  of  power 
for  the  good  of  the  human  race? 

4.  What  do  you  think  is  meant  by  the  statement  that 
"Hcunan  was  a  man  alert  to  the  "things"  of  life,  but 
not  to  their  significances."  ( For  references  read  Jack 
London's  short  story,  To  Build  A  Fire,  found  in  most 
American  literature  texts.) 

Page  Eight 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Signal  Lights  Program  for  February 
Prepared  by  Mrs.  Alberta  Holsinger^ 

Bible  Theme:     "BIBLE    FRIENDS" 


Singing  Time; 

■■The      BIBLE" 

'■My   Bible  and  I" 

"Every  Proimise  in  tlie  Booli" 
( from  A<'tion  I) 
Bible  Time: 

Jesus,  the  Friend 

(Collect  many  pictures  of  Jesus 
healing  and  teaching.  Show  them  to 
the  children  as  you   tell  this  story. ) 

It  was  the  Sabbath  day  —  the  day 
of  worship  and  rest.  Jesus  was  in  his 
boyhood  hometown  of  Nazareth. 

■'We  will  go  to  the  synagogue,"  He 
said  to  His  disciples. 

As  they  walked  into  the  church  the 
minister  came  to  Him  and  asked, 
"Will  you  read  from  God's  Word  for 
us  today?  Will  you  speak  to  us  about 

"Yes,  I  vv'Ul  read  God's  Word,"  re- 
plied  Jesus,    "I  w.ill   preach   to  you." 

The  people  listened  eagerly  as 
Jesus  read  and  spoke.  Never  had 
they  heard  anyone  preach  in  such 
an  interesting  way.  Never  had  the 
Scripture  verses  been  so  eas.y  to  un- 

"Who  is  He?"  asked  many  people 
tifter  church. 

"He  is  Jesus!  He  used  to  live  hero 
in  Nazareth,"  they  were  told. 

Jesus  was  a  wonderful  teacher.  He 
went  from  \'illage  to  village  tellmg 
the  people  of  God.  He  told  them  God 
le-ved  them.  He  told  them  God  would 
forgive  their  sins.  He  told  them 
God  wanted  them  to  be  happy. 

Not  only  did  Jesus  teach  them 
about  God,  but  He  helped  them,  too. 
He  made  the  blind  to  see.  He  made 
the  deaf  to  hear.  He  made  the  lame 
to  walk.  He  made  the  sick  well.  With 
the  touch  of  His  hand  He  healed 
many  people. 

He  helped  the  sad  and  lonely.  As 
He  talked  with  them  they  became 

Wherex'er  Jesus  went  the  people 
crowded    about   Him.    The   men    and 

the   women,    the   boys   and   the  girls. 

Everyone    was    anxious    to    be    near 

this     kind     and     thoughtful     Persoii. 

They  had   never   known   anyone  like 

Jesus.    He  was  a  friend  to  all. 

— Based   on    Luke   4:16-24;    Matthew 


Menior,^'  Time: 

John  15:15b 

Listen  while  I  read  today's  mem- 
ory Scripture.  Who  is  speaking' 
What  is  He  telling  us? 

I'm  glad  Jesus  is  my  friend.  Aren't 
you  glad  He  is  your  friend? 

Here  is  your  \'erse  written  on  this 
paper  I'm  giving  you.  Let's  practice 
reading  it  together.  Be  sure  to  study 
it  this  month. 

(Review  previous  verses.  Encoui'- 
age  the  children  to  memorize  the 
x'crse  each  month.) 

Mission  Tune: 

Higi  Homes 

In  Nigeria  the  groups  of  people 
are  called  tribes.  Our  missionaries 
are  W(.)rking  mostly  with  the  Higi 

If  we  could  visit  Nigeria  we  woiUd 
find  that  a  Higi  home  is  very  differ- 
ent from  ours.  It  is  made  up  of  many 
round  mud  huts  witlh  grass  roofs. 
They  have  no  windows  and  the  doors 
are  so  slow  that  even  a  short  person 
has  to  stoop  to  get  in.  These  huts 
m'ght  be  called  the  rco'ms  of  their 

The  huts  are  surrounded  by  a  wall 
of  stone  or  cactus  or  grass  mats. 
This  fence  might  be  considered  the 
outside  wall  of  the  house.  We  call 
this  kind  of  a  house  a  compound. 

The  compound  has  a  gate  made  of 
long  sticks  woven  together  with  a 
rope  loop  haiiging  on  the  inside.  At 
night  the  gate  is  closed  and  a  log  is 
slijjped  through  the  rope  to  bar  tile 

The  hut  closest  to  tlie  door  of  the 
compr>und  is  where  the  father  sleeps. 

He   sleeps   with   a   bow  and   arrows, 
knives,   spears   and   a  big  club  neari 
him  to  protect  the  compound. 

Behind  this  hut  are  ti\\x>  or  threei 
huts  together  where  the  mother  lives 
She  has  one  hut  for  sleeping.  Thei 
girls,  up  to  the  time  they  get  mar- 
ried, sleep  in  the  mother's  hut.  All 
the  boys  under  eight  years  old  sleepi 
there,  too. 

The  second  hut  in  this  group  is  a 
kitchen.  The  stove  is  three  stones, 
arranged  like  the  points  of  a  triangle, 
to  hold  a  cooking  pot  over  the  fire.' 
The  third  hut,  if  there  is  one,  is  fop 

When  a  man  has  more  than  one- 
wife,  each  wife  has  her  own  set  of 
two  or  three  huts,  all  in  the  same, 

Other  huts  in  the  com,pound  are 
for  the  grandparents  and  the  boys 
o\'er  eight  years  old. 

Besides  these  huts  for  people,  there 
are  low-buUt  huts  for  sheep  or  goats, 
anci  maybe  a  hut  for  a  donkey  or 
horse  —  all  inside  the  compound.  The 
chickens  have  a  small  hut  with  a 
mud  roof  covered  with  grass  and  a 
little  door  at  the  side. 

There  are  also  many  small  silos  in 
which  peanuts,  guinea  corn,  beans 
and  other  foods  are  stored.  These  si 
los  are  made  of  mud  and  have  grass 
mat  coverings  on  top. 

Just  outside  the  compound  you 
would  see  large  piles  of  firewood. 
Close  to  the  gate  of  the  compound! 
there  might  be  an  enclosed  area  sur- 
rounded by  catcus  in  which  cows 
are  kept. 

A  group  of  these  compounds  make 
a  vUlage.  It  is  to  these  villages  that 
Nigerian  evangelists  are  going.  Theyi 
tell  the  people  about  Jesus. 

We  are  helping  to  tell  them  abouli] 
Jesus,  too,  through  the  offerings  we' 
bring  to  Signal  Lights. 

(Note:  As  you  tell  the  childreri 
about  the  Higi  homes,  make  a  ixjuglf 

January  18,   1969 

Page  Nine 

sketch    1)11    the    blackboard    so    they 
will  be  able  to  visualize  it  better. ) 

Prayer  Xiine: 

Let  us  thank  God  for  oui'  homes. 
Let  us  ithank  Him  for  our  missionar- 
ies who  have  gone  to  Africa  to  teach 
the  Nigerians  of  Him.  Let  us  thank 
Him  for  the  Nigerians  who  have  be- 
come Christians. 

Let  us  ask  God  to  help  more  boys 
and  girls  in  Nigeria  to  learn  of  Him. 
Let  us  ask  Him  to  help  us  to  be 
more  wilhng  to  share  our  money  so 
Nigerian  evangelists  will  be  able  to 
go  to  more  villages. 

Business  Time: 

1.  Signal  Lights  muttu. 

2.  Roll   CaU, 
.3.     Offering. 

4.  Cumplete  plans  to  visit  a  nursing 

5.  Wi-ite  a  letter  to  the  Krafts. 
Tliank  them  for  serving  as  our 

Tlianli    them   for   the   w;>rl<    they 
are  doing  for  God  now. 
Handworls  Time: 

A  Nigerian  Hut 
(For   each   child   you   will   neeil   a 
strip  of  bi-o^vn  paper  about  three  by 
seven     inches,     a     cornucopia     style 

drinking  cup  or  a  lialt  circle  of  paper 
to  form  into  one,  excelsior,  and  glue.) 

About  the  middle  of  the  brown 
paper  cut  an  arch  way  for  a  door  and 
then  paste  the  ends  of  this  paper  to- 
getlier.  Cover  the  ouip  with  a  film 
of  glue  and  sprinkle  it  with  bits  of 
excelsior.  Place  it  on  top  of  the 
brown  paper  for  the  roof  of  the  hut. 

Tal'te  your  Nigerian  hut  home. 
Show  it  to  youi-  famUy  and  friends. 
TeU  them  about  the  Higi  homes.  Tell 
tliem  about  the  Nigerian  Christians. 
TeU  them  liow  you  are  helping  more 
Nigerians  to  hear  aljout  Jesus. 
Signal  Liglits  Benediction 

Missions  Live-in 


YOUNG  ADULTS  who  want  to  know  the  meaning  of 
commitment  to  Jesus  Christ  in  a  wor^ld  they  wiU  be 
called  upon  to  manage  in  their  maturity  got  a  look  at 
the  road  ahead  at  a  student  missions  conference  on  the 
campus  of  the  University  of  Califoi-nia  at  Los  Angeles, 
December  26-28,   1968. 

Sponsored  by  Inter-Varsity  Christian  Fellowship,  the 
three-day  session  drew  more  tiian  500  students,  pastors, 
youth  workers  and  missionaries  to  consider  "The  Chris- 
tian in  a  Revolutionary  Age"  and  to  prepare  for  sei^ice 
in  the  21st  Centiuy. 

"God  has  risked  the  knowledge  and  display  and  un- 
derstanding of  His  gloi-y  on  the  mission  of  the  church," 
said  keynote  speaker  David  Hubbard,  president  of  Ful- 
;ler  Theological  Seminary  in  Pasadena,  California.  "To 
|l<now  Jesus  Christ  as  Lord  and  Savior  is  to  belong  to 
His  Chm-ch  and  belong  in  some  sense  to  evei-yonc  else 
n   the   church." 

A  panel  developed  further  the  theme  of  "The  Church 
Today,"  where  Edward  R.  Cole,  pastor  of  the  Pomona, 
3alifornia  First  Baptist  Church,  declared  that  "too  often 
the  ohurcli  is  an  island  of  irrelevant  piety  surro-imded  by 
i  sea  of  secular  need." 

Moments  after  the  three  moon-circling  astroinauits  in 
A,pollo  8  were  reco<vered,  Edwaj-d  B.  Luidamen  of  Nortli 
American  RockweiU's  space  division,  addressed  himself  to 

the  vast  changes  in  technological  revolution.  "We  now- 
live  in  a  laboratory  without  walls,"  he  told  a  group. 
"We  will  soon  be  able  to  predict  eai-thquakes,  crop  fail- 
ure and  famine."  Such  knowledge,  he  stated,  demands 
professional  competence  because  of  the  need  to  malce 
ethical  decisions  affecting  millions.  "We  have  not  sur- 
vived to  waste  our  years  in  vulgar  vanities,"  he  said. 

Arthur  Glasser,  home  director  of  the  Overseas  IVLis- 
sionary  Fellowship,  outlined  the  fotmdations  of  revolu- 
tion as  seen  in  Iristory.  "Pagmiism,"  he  said,  "has  always 
buttre.5sed  the  status  quo  —  reproducing  the  old.  The 
Old  Testament  teaches  a  way  of  life  where  the  rights  of 
men  are  safeguarded.  Jesus  Christ  affirmed  the  dignity 
of  liuman  personality.  He  was  concerned  with  the  total- 
ity of  life." 

Conference  Coordinator  E\-an  Adams  challenged  the 
group  not  to  demand  blueprints  for  living.  "God  is  pri- 
marily at  work  in  building  character,  not  in  a  talent 
search,"  he  said.  "Become  as  skillful  as  possible  in  yoiu- 
\'<>cation  but  get  character  from  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ." 

Twenty-five  elective  courses,  periods  for  questioning 
speakers  and  small  group  discussions  were  also  a  feature 
of  the  conference.  Dr.  Glasser  closed  the  conference  by 
challenging  the  students  to  step  out  of  mediocrity  into 
tlie  will  of  God,  "Putting  e\-eiything  on  the  line  to  be 
caught  up  in   the   vast  purposes  of  God." 



Page  Ten 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


Revelation  22:17 

Part  XLIV 


BEFORE  WE  BRING  THIS  SERIES  of  messages  from 
ithe  book  of  Revelation  to  a  close,  let  us  look  brief- 
ly at  the  last,  and  one  of  the  most  precious,  of  all  the 
invitations  to  be  found  in  the  entire  Word  of  God.  We 
find  this  invitation  given  to  us  in  verse  17  of  chapter 
22.  A  few  e.xpositors  (e.g.,  J.  A.  Seiss,  T.  F.  Glasson, 
and  H.  B.  Swete)  divide  this  invitation  into  two  pants, 
the  first  part  being  addressed  to  Christ  and  the  second 
part  being  addressed  to  all  those  who  thirst.  Most  ex- 
positors, however,  see  this  entire  verse  as  an  invitation 
to  come  to  Christ,  the  Fountain  of  living  water,  and  to 
find  in  Him  salvation  --  full  and  free. 

In  our  study  of  this  verse,  we  will  seek  to  lift  out  two 
precious  truths  which  involve  the  total  perspective  of 
man's  redemption  fro'm  sin.  We  will  first  note  who  all 
are  involved  in  the  sending  forth  of  this  invitation  to 
come,  and  then  —  who  it  is  that  is  being  invited. 
Those  who  invite  us  to  "Come." 

First,  let  us  consider  who  au-e  definitely  stated,  here 
in  our  text,  as  inviting  us  to  come  to  Christ.  As  we  look 
closely,  we  see  that  there  are  actually  three  sources  of 
invitation:  the  Spirit,  the  bride,  and  those  who  have  al- 
ready heard  and  responded  to  the  invitation.  It  is  most 
refreshing  to  obsei-ve  that  the  Holy  Spirit  is  spoken  of  as 
leading  the  way  in  the  sending  forth  of  this  invitation. 
One  important  fact  that  stands  out  in  this  entire  study 
of  Revelation  is  that  there  are  very  few  direct  refer- 
ences made  to  this  third  person  of  the  holy  Trinity.  He 
is  impUed  in  the  expression:  "the  seven  Spirits  of  C5od" 
(cf.,  1:4;  3:1;  4:6,  etc.),  and,  John  does  mention  that  his 
visions  came  to  Him  while  "in  tlie  Spirit"  (cf.,  1:10;  4:2, 
etc.).  This  expression:  "in  the  Spirit,"  however,  may  be 
speaking  only  of  John's  special  sph-itual  insigiht  (in  which 
case  it  would  be  "spirit").  The  most  direct  reference  to 
the  Holy  Spirit  —  other  than  this  one  here  in  O'Ur  text — 
seems  to  come  at  the  close  of  each  of  the  seven  letters, 
found  in  chaptere  2  and  3.  Chapters  4  tiu-ough  22  (deal- 
ing with  events  to  follow  this  present  age),  on  the  whole, 
and  sitrangely  absent  of  any  such  direct  reference. 

It  is  not  difficult  for  us  to  understand  why  there  is  so 
little  direct  reference  to  the  Holy  Spii'it  in  tliis  epistle 
when  we  realize  that,  though  He  is  the  di\'ine  source  of 
all  Biblical  revelation,  His  purpose  is  not  to  point  to 
Himself  but  rather,  to  guide  us  into  all  truth  concerning 
Christ  and  His  redemptive  ministry.  Our  Lord  made  this 
very  plain  to  His  disciples  in  the  upper  room,  for  He 
said:    "I  have  yet  many  things  to  say  unto  you,  but  ye 

cannot  bear  them  now.  Howbeit,  when  he,  the  Spirit  a 
truth,  is  come,  he  wiU  guide  you  into  all  truth:  for  hi 
shall  not  speak  of  himself;  but  whatsoever  he  shall  heari 
that  shall  he  speak:  and  he  wiU  shew  you  things  tii 
come.  He  shall  glorify  me:  for  he  shall  receive  of  minCii 
and  shall  shew  it  unto  you"   (John  16:12-14).  ' 

Certainly  this  book  of  Revelation  is  a  grapihic  iUustrai 
tion  of  these  words  from  our  Lord,  for,  here  the  Holj' 
Spirit  of  (^d  does  not  seek  to  speak  of  Himself  —  rath 
er.  He  seeks  to  show  us  things  to  come  and,  thus,  to  glon 
ify  the  Son.  Here,  however,  in  our  text,  the  Spirit  qi 
God  takes  precedence  over  the  others  mentioned.  ThI 
reason  for  this,  no  doubt,  is  that  it  is  Christ  and  Hilj 
salvation  which  is  to  be  pointed  out  —  a  task  which  i! 
botli  His  chief  priority,  and  His  most  cherished  delight.    ! 

There  is  no  invitation  of  Scripture  but  that  the  voicJ 
of  God's  Spirit  is  to  be  heai-d.  Indeed,  there  is  no  Scrip: 
tiire  but  that  His  voice  is  there.  He  is  the  divine  iUun 
inator  of  man,  and  He  alone  can  make  God's  Word  rek 
vant  to  all  of  life.  If  we  would  hear  CJod  speaking  to  oui 
soul,  then  we  must  listen  to  this  voice  of  the  thii-d  pei 
son  of  the  holy  Trinity.  He  wants  us  to  "Come"  —  t 
come  to  Christ,  and  find  in  Him  our  salvation  and  etema- 

The  second  som'ce  of  invitation  is  spoken  of  here  in  ou 
text  as  the  "bride."  There  are  some  who  would  limi 
this  to  the  Ohuroh  of  this  present  dispensation.  How 
ever,  it  seems  more  in  keeping  with  the  other  design* 
tions  for  this  "bride"  (e.g.,  "the  new  Jerusalem,"  "th 
city  of  God,"  "the  Lamb's  wife,"  etc.),  that  we  defin 
her  as  the  redeemed  Chiu-ch  of  God,  from  every  disper 
sation  and  period  of  time.  Such  a  Church  is  made  up  c 
all  the  called-out  people  of  God  —  those  who  themselve 
have  responded  'to  the  Spirit's  call  to  "come,"  and  coi 
sequently,  are  now  sharers  together  with  Him  in  the  e> 
tending  of  this  call  to  others,  that  they  may  also  hea 
and  respond. 

Throughout  redemptive  history  God  has  deigned  t 
work  through  a  three-fold  ministry:  His  Spirit,  His  Wan 
and  His  Church.  The  Chui'Ch  of  God  has  the  time-bindinll 
task  of  being  His  vehicle  of  redeeming  grace.  We  meaj 
by  this  that  God's  people,  collective,  are  the  means  when* 
by  His  Spirit  speaks  to  the  hearts  and  minds  of  men,  to 
spiring  them  to  write  and  to  speak  His  Word  —  anl 
thus,  to  transmit  His  invitation  to  "Come."  The  chi^ 
function  of  this  Church  ("bride"),  then,  is  the  proclama 
tion  of  salvation  —  inviting  men  to  come  to  Christ  ani 

January  18,  1969 

Page  Eleven 

to  find  ill  Hini  theii'  answer  for  inner  soul  hunger  and 
thii-st.  All  cither  functions  (social,  eduoatlional  —  and 
even  inspirational)  ai-e  to  be  considered  as  oiily  second- 
ary. Her  main  task  has  been,  and  ever  shall  be,  to 
share  in  this  blessed  invitation  to  "Oome." 

There  is  yet  a  third  source  of  invi'taition  —  referreti 
to  here  in  our  text,  as  "him  that  heareth."  Whereas  the 
second  source  (the  "bride")  refers  to  the  Church  col- 
lective, this  thii'd  source  of  inviitabion  refers  to  the 
church  individual.  That  is  —  each  ajid  everyone  who 
has  heard  the  call  to  come  to  Christ,  and  who  has  re- 
sponded in  the  affirmative  —  is  under  obligation  to  shai-e 
with  the  Spirit  and  the  bride  in  the  sending  forth  of  this 
glorious  invitation  to  all  who  have  not  yet  heard  or  re- 
sponded. Eveiy  bom  again  believer  is  a  missionary  in 
his  own  right  —  and  responsible  before  CJod  for  the  soul 
of  everyone  God  has  entrusted  to  his  care.  He  musf  live 
close  to  God  —  and  close  to  men  —  that  he  might  be  in- 
strumental in  bringing  &)d  and  men  close  to  each  other. 
Again  quoting  the  words  of  WUliam  Barclay:  "He  Who 
has  received  the  invitation  of  Christ  liimself,  must  pass 
on  that  invitation  to  othere;  he  who  has  been  found  by 
Christ  must  find  others  for  Christ;  the  invited  must  be- 
come the  inviter  and  the  found  must  become  the  finder" 
(op.  eit.,  p.  293). 

The  ones  invited   to  "Come." 

Our  text  makes  it  veiy  cleai-  who  it  is  that  is  being 
invited  to  come  to  Chiist.  Such  a  pei-son  is  here  spoken 
of  as  "him  that  is  thirsty,"  and  also  as,  "whosoever 
will."  When  John  speJiks  of  "him  that  is  6hii"sty,"  cer- 
tainly he  is  not  meaning  to  imply  that  there  is  anyone 
who  is  not  naturally  "thii-sty"  (i.e..  naturally  destitute 
of  the  water  of  life).  Rather,  he  is  speaking,  here,  of 
the  person  who  recognizes  the  deepest  longings  of  liis 
soul  as  a  continual  craving  after  God  and  His  rigliteous- 
ness,  joy  and  peace.  Histoiy  has  recorded  many  such  ui- 
dividuals,  who  —  after  tiying  the  world  and  all  of  its 
offerings  —  foimd  that  the  only  hope  of  lasting  satisfac- 
tion was  in  a  life  whoUy  yielded  to  (jod  and  His  will. 
Perhaps  the  most  classic  example  of  tliis  is  St.  Augustine 
(A.D.  354-430)  who,  writing  in  his  "Confessions,"  pi-esents 
to  us  a  story  of  his  life  of  sin  and  of  the  terrible  spiritual 
struggle  which  raged  inside  his  breast,  which  led  him 
ultimately,  at  the  age  of  thirty-three,  to  openly  renounce 
his  past  way  of  life  and  to  turn  himself  over  to  Christ. 
Perhaps  liis  most  famous  testimony  is  that  wliich  declares 
that  he  knew  no  real  rest  until  that  resit  was  found  in 
Christ  and  His  way  of  life. 

It  is  the  task  of  the  Chui-ch  —  collective  and  individu- 
al —  to  scatter  forth  the  salt  of  Christian  living  and  wit- 
nessing before  a  lost  and  dying  world  —  seeking  thereby 
to  increase  this  natural  thu-st  of  man's  soul  until  he,  like 
Augustine,  will  search  out  the  One  Who  alone  is  able  to 
"give  (him)  of  the  fountain  of  the  water  of  lite"  (Rev. 
21:6b).  When  the  thirsty  soul  finds  Chrisit  he  will  also 
find  water  to  assuage  the  thh-st  of  his  soul,  for.  He  is 
the  Lamb  of  God,  Who  is  pictured,  in  Revelation  7:17,  as 
leading  unto  the  "living  fountains  of  water."  Indeed, 
He  is  the  Fountain  from  which  flows  the  waiter  of  Ufe  — 
ivater  bringing  salvation  of  soul  and  eternal  rest  and 
peace.  When  a  soul  acknowledges  his  spiritual  thirst  — 
ind  stoops  to  drink  from  this  life-giving  Fountain  — 
then  he  can  join  triumphantly  wiith  the  hymn  writer  and 

I  heard  the  voice  of  Jesus  say, 

"Behold,  I  freely  give 
The  living  water;   thirsty  one. 

Stoop  down,  and  drink,  and  live!" 
I  came  to  Jesus,  and  I  drank 

Of  that  life-giving  stream; 
IVIy  thirst  was  quenched,  my  soul  re\-i\-ed. 

And  now  I  live  in  Him. 

—  Horatus  Bonar 

Our  text  is  another  of  the  many  Scriptures  which  make 
it  very  clear  that  such  a  wonderful  salvation  is  not  im- 
conditionally  prepared  for  all  men.  Not  only  must  a 
person  recognize  the  true  cause  of  his  spiritual  tliirst 
(i.e.,  from  a  dried-up  cistern  of  self -effort  and  sin),  he 
must  also  choose  of  his  own  free  will  to  renounce  all 
else  and  to  turn  wholly  to  Christ.  This  is  also  brought  out 
in  the  second  designation  of  the  person  who  is  invited  to 
come  to  Christ  —  the  "whosoever  will."  Salvation  is  for 
"whosoever"  must  "wUl"  to  make  it  so!  No  one  will  be 
saved,  either  by  chance  or  by  compulsion.  CJod  will  not 
allow  us  to  stumble  or  work  our  way  into  this  e.xperience 
—  or,  force  us  to  stoop  and  drink.  Such  demands  the 
full  response  of  the  will,  both  to  God's  means  of  salvation, 
and  to  the  method  whereby  such  can  meet  our  individual 

The  means  whereby  we  can  find  this  "water  of  life"  is 
spelled  out  for  us,  loud  and  clear-  —  Jesus  Christ,  the 
L.amb  of  God  Who  alone  can  take  away  the  sins  of  the 
world.  The  method  whereby  we  come  unto  Him  is  also 
spelled  out  for  us  in  the  Scriptm-es.  This  method  involves 
two  important  steps  —  both  demanding  the  response  of 
our  will.  The  first  step  is  spoken  of  in  the  Word  of  God 
as  "repentance."  Tliis  mvolves  an  acknowiedgement  of 
our  sins,  heart-felt  confession,  and  a  turning  away  from 
them  and  a  turning  back  to  Ciod  (Acts  2:38;  II  Cor.  7:10; 
Rev.  2:5,  etc.).  The  second  step  invoh'es  our-  faith-re- 
sponse which  means  our  appropriating,  through  faith,  the 
benefits  of  Christ's  atonement  from  sin  (John  3:16:  Acts 
16:31;  Romans  10:9-10,  etc.).  We  should  not  think  of 
this  salvation  as  merely  an  act  of  the  wUl,  however,  (jod's 
Word  makes  it  very  clear  that  those  who  find  lasting 
benefit  in  the  atonement  of  Christ  are  those  Who  make 
this  repentance  and  faith-response,  not  only  an  act  of 
their  wiU  —  but  even  more  —  a  permanent  attitude  of 
tlie  mind  and  heai't,  and  the  constant  expression  of  .the 
life.  Salvation  (i.e.,  drinMng  of  the  watei-  of  Ufe)  is  not 
merely  a  crisis  e.xperience  which  is  related  only  to  past 
or  present  time.  Rather,  it  is  to  be  a  moment  by  mom- 
ent walk  of  faith,  obedience,  and  love  throughout  all  of 
our  lives. 

There  are  tliose  who  may  feel  that  tliis  added  note  of 
a  life  of  "works"  is  incongruous  with  the  fact  that  our 
te.xt  tells  us  that  we  are  to  come  and  take  of  this  water 
of  life  "freely."  Actually,  however,  though  this  does 
emphatically  tell  us  that  salvation  is  tlie  free  and  un- 
merited gift  of  (jod  —  and  not  dependent  upon  man's 
works,  character  or  conduct  —  it  must  be  considered  in 
the  light  of  all  the  Scriptures.  We  would  agree  most 
heartily  that  salvation  cannot  be  bought  or  bartered  for. 
It  is  for  us  "without  money  and  without  price"  (Isa. 
55:1).  This  does  not  mean,  however,  that  we  have  noth- 
ing whatsoever  to  do  with  the  transaction.  We  have  al- 
ready noted  that  the  two  requirements  for  salvation  are 
repentance    and    faith-response.     In    a    real   sense,    these 

Piige  Twelve 

The  Brethren  Evang:elist 

too,  are  "vvarks"  —  but  "works"  of  the  will  and  the 
heart,  rather  thaji  merely  of  the  flesh  and  the  blood 
(note  Acts  26:20). 

Christ,  the  Fountain  of  living  watei',  may  ever  be  avail- 
able, but  He  will  mean  nothing  to  us  ujiitiiil  we  accept 
God'is  way  of  obtaining  His  benefits  —  we  must  "stoop 
to  di-ink!"  God's  salvation  is  a  free  gift  from  His  heart 
of  infiniite  love  and  from  His  exhaustless  stoirehouse  of 
divine  grace.  Such,  however,  demands  our  proper  re- 
sponse —  in  terms  of  a  life  of  constant  commiitjnent  and 
a  stewardship  of  self-giving  service.  It  is  such  a  com- 
mitment of  life  and  a  stewardship  of  service  which  keeps 
us  stooping  and  drinking  —  and  thus,  continuing  in  God's 
wonderful  redemption. 
In   conclusion. 

We  can  think  of  no  better  way  to  bring  this  series  of 
messages  to  a  close  than  by  our  consideration  of  this  per- 
sonal invitation  to  come  to  Christ  and  to  find  in  Him 
salvation,  full  and  free.  Here,  in  essence,  we  find  the 
Gospel  of  Christ  —  a  CJospel  which  not  only  instructs  and 
inspires  us  —  but  lalso  —  transforms  our  hearts  and  lives 
and  changes  the  veiy  destiny  of  our  souls. 

Once  we  have  accepited  this  invitation  to  come  to 
Christ,  we  will  feel  the  same  heart-beat  that  pulsated 
through  the  breast  of  the  Apostle  John  as  he  responded 
to  these  visions  of  RevelaiUon  with  an  "even  so,  come. 
Lord  Jesus"  (20b).  Indeed,  it  ds  otnly  after  we  have 
coime  to  Christ,  and  have  drunk  of  His  life-giving  water 
(i.e.,  after  we  have  found  eternal  life  in  Him),  that  we 
will  also  have  the  hope  and  e.Kpectancy  whicli  triggers 
this  desire  for  His  coming  again. 

One  further  observation  we  would  make  in  closing, 
comes  from  vei-se  21  where  John  gives  us  his  benediction. 
Here  he  prays  that  the  grace  of  our  Lord  Jesus  may  be 
with  all  the  saints  (according  to  the  better  Greek  man- 
uscripts).   All  who  respond  to  the  invitation  to  come  to 

Christ  will  find  this  prayer  answered  in  the  continual 
oiitpourmg  of  this  very  grace  in  eveiy  area  of  life.  It  is 
interesting  to  note,  in  contrast,  that  —  whereas  the  New 
Testament  closes  on  this  note  of  "grace,"  the  Old  Testa- 
ment closes  with  the  word  "curse"  (Mai.  4:6).  This  is 
very  fitting,  for,  the  Old  Testament  deals  with  man's  fall 
into  sin,  his  struggle  for  deliverance  from  its  consequenc- 
es, and  his  constant  search  for  a  deliverer.  That  the  Now 
Testament  closes  on  this  note  of  "grace"  is  also  fitting, 
for,  here  we  have  the  story  of  God's  answer  to  man's 
sin-dilemma  —  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  God's  Son  and  our 
Savior!  Certainly  it  is  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ  and  the  sal- 
vation He  provides  (through  our  faith-response  to  His 
life,  death  and  resurrection)  which  makes  all  the  differ- 
ence between  (Sod's  "curse"  and  God's  "grace."  Life 
eternal  beghis  by  grace,  continues  in  grace,  and  will 
reach  its  final  fulness  through  the  same  grace.  Without 
tills  "grace"  all  men  would  remain  forever  under  the 
curse  of  sin,  and  thus,  end  up  in  the  same  "lake  of  fire" 
as  the  Beast,  the  false  prophet,  the  devil,  and  all  the 
wicked,  named  in  Revelation  21:8. 

The  book  of  Revelation  is  truly  a  "revelation"  of  Christ 
and  the  redemption  He  has  brought  through  His  atoning 
death  on  Calvai-y.  Here  we  find,  through  rich  symbolism 
—  as  well  as  through  direct  reference  —  truth  concern- 
ing man's  sin  and  Ckid's  eternal  answer.  Here  also  we 
have  pictured  for  us  His  "grace"  (witnessed  to  in  the 
lives  and  destinies  of  ail  who  are  redeemed  by  the  blood 
of  Caivaiy's  Lamb)  in  bold  contrast  to  His  "curse"  (also 
witnessed  to  in  the  lives  and  destinies  of  all  who  have 
spui-ned  such  "grace").  In  the  light  of  such  tremendous 
truth,  it  seems  most  fitting  that  we  close  this  series  with 
this  last  invitation  of  Scripture  —  an  invitation  to  all 
who  will  hear  and  respond  to  God's  offer  of  mei-cy  and 
grace,  to  "Come"  —  to  come  to  Chi'ist,  and,  through 
faith,  to  stoop  and  drink  "freely"  of  His  life-giving  water. 

Where   They   S-Fand 


PRESIDENT-ELECT  Richai-d  M.  Nbcon  told  the  na- 
tion tills  week  he  had  chosen  12  "big  men  .  .  .  sti-ong 
men  .  .  .  compassionate  men"  to  help  him  chart  the 
foreign  and  domestic  policies  of  his  administration. 

A  poU  of  the  reUgious  affUiatiO'nB  of  those  men  —  three 
business  men,  three  governors,  two  lawyers,  two  school- 
men, a  lieutenant  governor,  and  one  congressman  — 
l)y  EP  News  Service  brought  to  light  the  statistics  below. 

There  are  four  Presbyterians,  two  Mormons,  one  mem- 
ber each  Usted  as  EpiscopaUan,  United  Church  of  Christ, 
and  Congregationalist,  and  three  Roman  Catholics.  Here 
is  the  list: 

William  P.  Rogers,  Secretary  of  State  —  Presbyterian. 

Melvin  R.  Laird,  Secretary  of  Defense  —  Presbyterian. 

John  N.  Mitchell,  Attorney  General  —  Presbyterian. 

Winton  M.  Blount,  Postmaster  General  —  Presbyteri;in. 

David  M.  Kennedy,  Secretary  of  the  Treasury  — 

George  Roniney,  Secretary  of  Housing  and  Urban  De- 
velopment —  Mormon. 
Clifford  M.  Hardin,  Secretary  of  Agriculture  —  Unite<l 

Church  of  Christ. 
George  P.  Schultz,  Secretaiy  of  Labor  —  Episcopalian. 
Robert  H.   Finch,   Secretary  of  Health,  Education  and 

Welfare  —  Congregationalist. 
Walter  J.  Hickel,  Secretary  of  the  Interior  —  Romaii.i| 

Maurice  H.  Stans,   Secretary  of  Commerce  —  RomanJ| 

John  A.  Volpe,  Secretary  of  Transportation  —  Romanflj 


In  all  his  selections,  Mr.  Nixon  stressed  the  quality  oftl 
"an  extra  dimension  of  leadership"  being  present  in  eaoh.d 
referring  to  many  of  them  in  much  the  same  way  het 
described  Secretary-designate  David  M.  Kennedy:  "Con-j 
servative  .  .  .  but  with  a  deep  humanitarian  concern  fo!r(| 

January  18,  1969 

Page  Thirteen 


of  the 




"It  is  not  good  for  man  to  be  alone"  — 
and  as  woman  joined  man  she  eventually 
took  this  literally  and  didn't  want  to  leave 
him  alone  to  shOLdder  the  extensive  work 
of  missions.  However,  in  the  early  years 
man  posed  great  opposition  to  the  public 
appearance  and  action  of  women  and  the 
mission  societies  were  composed  solely  of 
men.  The  woman's  role  was  to  encourage 
her  husband  in  these  good  works,  accomp- 
any him  to  the  preaching  of  the  annual 
sermon,  and  to  pray  for  the  new  societies. 

Missions  as  the  domain  of  men  began 
simultaneously  in  the  Protestant  Cliurch 
about  1640  witli  the  evangelistic  activities 

of  the  chaplains  of  the  Dutch  East  Indies 
Company  in  the  Far  East  and  with  the 
efforts  of  the  New  England  Puritans  to 
convert  the  Indians.  The  actual  organiza- 
tion in  support  of  missions  came  veiy  slow- 
ly and  the  first  society  formed  in  Boston 
in  1747  thi-ough  the  influence  of  David 
Brainerd  to  aid  the  Iroquois  Indians  in 
New  York.  This  was  supported  by  The 
Society  in  Scotland  for  Propagating  Chris- 
tian Knowledge,  operated  through  local 
boards  and  commissioners  in  Boston.  (This 
writer  realizes  the  Biblical  historial  be- 
ginnings of  missions  and  the  work  of  such 
as  Gregoi-y  the  Enlightener,  Augustine, 
and  Wilfred  of  Sussex  but  this  report  onI>- 
considers  events  from  the  date  of  1640.) 

The  early  1787  Society  for  the  Propaga- 
tion of  the  Gospel  among  tile  Indians  and 
Others  was  limited,  small  in  number,  ex- 
clusive and  self-peipetuating.  The  expenses 
at  first  could  be  easily  met  by  using  inter- 
est on  their  invested  funds  plus  the  collec- 
tion taken  at  the  annual  sermon.  But 
times  were  rapidly  changing  and  the  fi- 
nancial expense  ito  evangelize  the  increas- 
ing flow  of  settlers  to  the  frontiers,  likely 
to  be  paganized  if  missionaries  were  not 
sent,  left  this  tyiJe  of  society  an  inade- 
quate instrument.  The  thrilling  example 
of  British  support  of  world  missions  stimu- 
lated the  development  in  America  of  ad- 
ditional new  Societies  with  their  recogni- 
tion of  the  threefold  objective  of  outreach 
to  frontier  settlements,  Indians  and  over- 
seas heathen. 

Tliis  information  is  based  on  the  book, 
"All  Loves  Excelling"  which  gives  most 
significant  recognition  to  woman  for  her 
part  in  the  great  mission  enterprise.  R. 
Pierce  Beaver,  Professor  of  Missions,  of 
University  of  Chicago  Divinity  School, 
traces  the  development  of  woimen's  mis- 
sionary societies  in  broad  outlines  as  well 
as  recognizing  individual  pioneers  in  the 
field  of  missions.  This  infoi-mation  on  his 
book  is  for  your  enlightenment  as  well  as 
encouragement  to  read  the  book. 

Page  Fourteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

In  1800.  Miss  Mary  Webb,  aji  invalid  of 
Boston,  gathered  together  fourteen  Bapitist 
and  Congregational  women  who  mimediate- 
ly  became  orgcinized  as  the  Boston  Female 
Society  for  Missionai-y  Purposes.  No  doubt, 
this  was  the  forerunner  to  the  hundreds  of 
fcliousands  of  local  missionary  societies,  aid 
societies,  guUds  and  also  the  national  de- 
nominational and  interdenominational  wo- 
men's societies.  We  might  say,  then,  that 
women's  missionary  service  found  origin 
in  the  heart,  mind,  will,  prayer  and  action 
of  this  Baptist  laywonian  who  vanished  into 
obscurity  seeking  not  her  own  fame  but 
rather  the  glory  of  God. 

The  Revolution  had  left  its  marl<  on  set- 
ting womanhood  free.  They  had  played  a 
very  heroic  part  in  the  Revolution  —  some 
goiLng  to  the  front  with  their  husbands  to 
sem'e  as  nurses  and  others  shouldering 
heavy  responsibilities  at  home  in  managing 
and  working  the  fai-ms  with  the  head  of 
the  household  away.  They  had  gained  some 
independence  with  the  responsibUity.  Wo- 
men were  becoming  more  interested  in 
what  was  hapjtening  in  ithe  world  and  girls 
were  receiving  more  education.  Women 
could  no  longer  be  content  with  their  lim- 
ited role  in  missions  and  their  religio'us  zeaJ 
exceeding  that  of  men  generally  prompted 
them  to  go  beyond  what  was  then  consid- 
ered to  be  the  limit  of  female  duty. 

Deacon  John  Simpkins,  treasurer  of  the 
Massachusetts  Missionary  Society,  made  a 
chance  remark  one  evening  in  1802  wiiioh 
gave  birth  to  Cent  Society.  Women  had 
already  been  gixdng  their  pennies  but  the 
new  proposal  that  almost  any  woman 
could  give  one  cent  a  week  appealed  to 
the  feniinine  imagination.  By  denying  her- 
self some  little  thing  she  related  her  posi- 
tion to  the  widow  of  two  mites  in  Jesus' 

With  their  prime  motive  being  that 
which  was  then  most  dominant  in  missions, 
the  giving  of  glory  to  God  and  bene\-oilencc 
in  bringing  the  richest  blessings  to  fellow- 
men,  women  worked  voluntarily  and  un- 
stintingly  regardless  of  their  not  being  ac- 
cepted as  co-workers  and  members  with 
the  men  in  mission  societies.  New  women's 
societies    continued    to   gain    strength    and 

esteem.  The  women's  fund-raising  cam- 
paigns increasing  the  income  for  mission 
activities  eventually  opened  membership 
for  a  select  few  in  the  previously  exclus- 
ive male  societies.  However,  when  the 
women's  societies  were  established,  men 
often  endeavored  to  subordinate  them  and 
bring  them  under  control  of  general  board 
or  absorb  them. 

Regardless  of   the  joint   efforts  of   men  ( 
and  women,  the  funds  received  didn't  quite  ! 
meet  the  needs  of  the  threefold  objective 
of  missions.    The  wide  frontier  in  America  i 
plus    the    population    doubUng    in    twenty 
years,   caused   almost  all   of  the  resources  i 
to  be  used  in  this  one  objective.    The  mis-  ■ 
sioins  to  Indians  weakened  because  of  lack  i 
of  missionaries   and   funds.    Overseas   ven- 
tures were  contemplated  but  the  societies 
were  unable  to  initiate  them. 

First  came  the  organization  of  more 
societies  for  greater  support  of  the  work  .1 
and  this,  foillovved  by  the  announcement  l| 
of  the  first  party  of  missionaries  to  sail  for  j 
India  in  1812,  had  the  money  come  rolling  if 
in.  The  actuality  of  an  overseas  work'[ 
raised  the  level  of  stewardship  in  theii 
churches  so  greatly  that  even  more  ade- j 
quale  resources  were  available  for  homeij 
missions  and  other  related  activities.  ' 

Women  began  specializing  in  their  tor- 1 
eign  missions  interest  with  the  older  Fe-'i' 
miale  Charitable  Societies  and  the  Centij' 
Societies  giving  way  to  foreign  missionary  ,ii 
societies  auxUiaiy  to  the  major  exisiting  or-  'i 
garuizations.  In  1816  they  highly  concentra-  | 
ted  on  the  promoting  of  Christianity  among  ij 
the  Jews.  In  the  functional  line  of  support  Ij 
of  missions,  the  women  assisted  with  Bible  |l 
and  tract  societies,  providing  literature  fori|i 
overseas  work  as  well  as  at  home  and  ed-l;i 
ucation  societies  to  assist  poor  youths  ini; 
the  theological  education  expense  for  min-ijl 
istry  at  home  and  abroad,  i 

A    Female    Auxiliary    Bible   Society   or-'! 
ganized  in  1814  to  distribute  free  of  chargeij) 
the    common   version    of    the   Bible,     This ' 
later  became  the  auxiliary  to  the  American 
Bible  Society. 

When  the  women  of  the  various  organiza- 1 
tions  could  no  longer  be  content  to  merely 
pray    and   give   pennies,    they    involved    in 
various  direct  mission  work.    This  line  of 
philanthropy    and    social    action    included 
helping  destitute  families  and  young  mar- ! 
ried  mothers,  establishing  a  refuge  and  re- j 
habHitation    home    for    ex-prostitutes,    and 
assisting    Chinese    girls    and    women    who 
were    imported    as    slaves,   concubines   and' 
prostituites.   Women's  work  for  women  and- 
children,  whether  at  home  or  abroad,  was 
the   focus  of  the  American  missionary  in- 
terest and  concern. 

The  first  missionaries  to  go  overseas 
went  according  to  the  Ark  plan  —  "two  by 
two"  —  and  the  rule  of  marriage  in  Proles- 

anuary  18,  1969 

Page  Fifteen 

tant  missions  was  as  strong  as  celibacy  in 
Roman  Catiiolic  orders.  The  wives  of  mis- 
sionaries overseas  wrote  home  to  their 
supporters  igniting  sparks  of  great  interest 
in  the  femaie  population  but  single  women 
had  to  struggle  long  and  persistently  for 
the  opportunity  to  serve  overseas,  and 
even  the  wives  were  regarded  by  the  ex- 
ecutives and  Board  members  as  necessaj:y 
but  subordinate  and  secondaiy  though 
many  widowed  overseas  carried  on  the 
work  of  their  husbands.  Despite  the  valiant 
efforts  of  the  missionary  wives  to  educate 
girls  and  women  and  to  enter  the  zenanas 
for  religious  conversations  with  secluded 
women,  the  total  effect  of  their  labors 
never  met  their  hopes  and  e.xpectations. 
They  first  of  all  had  to  be  wives  and  home- 
makers  and  their  many  childi-en  tied  them 
down  ait  home.  They  longed  for  colleagues 
who  would  have  more  freedom  and  who 
coiuld  devote  themselves  solely  to  sucli 
activity.  They  knew  that  wo^men  had  to 
be  reached  by  women. 

Charlotte  H.  White  was  the  first  woman 
sent  overseas  by  an  American  agency  for 
service  without  the  aid  of  a  husband,  also 
a  group  of  Moravian  girls  had  been  sent 
abroad  earlier  for  the  express  purpose  of 
mai-rying  men  already  on  the  field.  She 
was  to  travel  ovei-seas  to  Calcutta,  India, 
with  a  married  couple  and  become  a  "fe- 
male attached  to  a  missionai-y's  faniDy." 
It  wasn't  long  until  this  widow  became 
the  wife  of  Joshua  Rowe  already  on  the 
field,  though.  The  practice  of  two  women 
in  one  household  was  not  accepted  in  Bur- 
ma and  Adoniram  Judson  had  wi-itten, 
"Had  she  reside  in  the  same  house  with 
us,  it  would  have  been  impossible  to  have 
prevented  the  impression  on  the  minds  of 
the  Burmans  that  our  preaching  and  prac- 
tice on  the  subject  of  polygamy  were  di- 
rectly the  reverse."  There  were  problems 
for  women  to  face  even  in  the  triumph  of 
being  accepted  in  mission  progi-ams. 

The  fii-st  single  woman,  not  a  widow, 
sent  overseas  was  Betsey  Stockton.  Little 
is  known  about  her,  but  she  is  listed  as  a 
colored  woman  among  the  mission  staff  at 
Lahinah,  Sandwich  Islands.  She  had  been 
born  a  slave  but  for  many  years  was  in 
the  household  of  the  president  of  Princeton 

College  and  was  well-read  and  described 
as  "qualified  to  teach  school  and  take 
cliarge  of  domestic  concerns." 

Cynthia  Farrar  had  the  unique  distinc- 
tion of  being  the  first  unmarried  woman 
sent  overseas  as  an  assistant  missionai-y. 
Her  work  at  the  Marathi  mission  in  India 
involved  the  education  of  girls  and  estab- 
Ushing  and  directing  schools.  The  single 
missionaries  earned  on  an  extensive  work 
(if  educating  young  girls  which  was  essen- 
tial to  the  progress  of  Christianity.  Despite 
opposition  such  as  given  by  Hindus  and 
Chinese  the  work  grew  famously.  Prac- 
tical trades  were  also  taught  in  nonacade- 
mic  institutions.  Ori^haned  girls  were  giv- 
en advanced  opportunities.  "An  invetstiga- 
tion  was  made  in  1895  of  the  records  of 
130  women  who  as  girls  had  lx?en  \dctims 
of  the  Indian  famine  of  1860  and  placed  in 
an  orphanage  at  that  time.  After  thirty- 
five  years  eight  were  then  physicians,  five 
hospital  assistanits,  twenty-eight  school 
teachers,  fourteen  were  wives  of  pastors 
and  themselves  employed  in  church  work, 
and  thirty-two  were  volunteer  teachers  or 
church  workers.  That  same  orphanage  in 
twenty-four  years  had  sent  out  of  its  com- 
munity 180  Christian  workere." 

Eleanor  Macomber,  sent  to  Burma,  was 
in  many  respects  the  most  remarkable 
among  the  pioneers,  for  she  had  the  cour- 
age and  deteiTnination  to  ventui^e  outside 
the  limited  role  of  teacher  and  educational 
superintendent  which  the  men  set  for  the 
women.  She  was  an  e\'angelist  and  church 
organizer.  In  the  1830's  this  v\x>uld  have 
been  unusual  in  the  homeland,  no  doubt. 

Also,  the  enti-ance  of  women  into  medi- 
cine opened  new  fields  of  sei-vice.  Men 
physicians  had  not  been  without  patients 
but  in  countries  such  as  China  relatively 
few  women  would  permit  examination  and 
care  by  a  male  physician  and  it  was  entire- 
ly impossible  in  the  case  of  sequestered 
women  of  India  ajid  Muslim  countries.  The 
health  plight  of  Eastern  women  lay  heav- 
ily on  the  hearts  and  consciences  of  West- 
ern Christian  women.  Consequently  medi- 
cine was  from  the  outset  stressed  by  the 
women's  boards  and  they  buUt  up  the 
ser\'ice  as  rapidly  as  women  physicians 
could  be  recruited.  This  was  in  many  ways 
the  greatest  single  new  development  in 
women's  work. 

Male  commentators  declared  that  the 
activities  of  single  women  had  been  ac- 
coimplished  or  attempted  by  wives  and 
even  men  and  the  single  women's  i-ole  was 
not  adding  anything  new  to  the  pro>gram. 
Although  essentially  true,  but  none  of  these 
things  had  been  done  before  so  extensively, 
intensively  and  continuously. 

"When  the  semicentennial  of  the  Amer- 
ican overseas  missian  was  celebrated  in 
1860  there  were  engaged  in  the  entei-prise 

Page  Sixteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist  > 

only  fi\'e  major  boards  and  five  minor  ones. 
During  tlie  next  forty  years,  up  to  1900, 
the  Canadian  boards  were  organized  and 
those  in  the  United  States  increased  to 
ninelty-four  sending  and  forty-three  sup- 
porting agencies.  Participation  in  foreign 
missions  became  an  identifying  mark  of 
mainstre-am  American  Protestantism.  How- 
ever, the  great  new  development  of  that 
period  was  the  emergence  of  the  women's 
Ijoards.  By  1900  there  were  forty-one  of 
them  in  the  United  States  and  se\-en  in 

"The  consequences  of  this  women's  move- 
ment were  dramatic.  Adequate  provision 
was  at  last  made  for  work  with  women  and 
cliildi-en.  The  general  boards  had  second 
thoughts  about  the  subject  as  well  as  about 
the  employment  of  single  women.  Trernen- 
dous  new  financial  resources  were  bro'Ught 
to  the  overseais  work.  The  unmarried  wo^m- 
en  missionaries  became  just  about  as  num- 
eroius  as  the  wives,  and  the  missionary 
staff  was  predominantly  female.  Hundreds 
of  thous?nds  nf  American  women  were  en- 

listed in  a  cause  they  passionately  intelli- 
gently, and  prayerfully  supported. 

"Many  factors  contributed  to  the  new 
initiative  in  mission  taken  by  the  women. 
Secondary  and  higher  education  for  women 
was  certainly  a  major  cause." 

"All  Loves  Excelling"  is  so  interesting 
factual  (as  the  abo\'e  quotations  from  the 
book  indicate).  Look  into  its  pages  to  read 
the  origin  of  World  Day  of  Prayer,  search 
for  the  comparison  of  contributions  in  the 
early  history  of  women's  giving  and  up  to 
date  figures,  and  be  inspired  again  overjj 
all  that  women  can  do  for  missions.  i 

Contrast  the  situation  of  women  in  Chris- 
tian lands  with  those  in  pagan  and  infidel 
regio'ns.  Christian  women  have  much  to 
share  and  they've  already  accomplished 
much  by  their  prayers  and  the  fi-uit  of  their 
pens.  As  Mr.  Beaver  says,  "Women  more 
naturally  have  compassion  and  practice 
bene\''olence  with  regard  to  the  good  causes 
of  the  day.  Women  remain  at  the  Lord's 
Table,  when  men  in  large  numbers  retirei 
and  do  not  partake  in  the  sacrament." 


PLEASE  keep  in  mind  that  The  Brethren  Pubhshing  Company  lias  step- 
ped out  on  faith  to  purchase  new  equipment  to  modernize  the  print  shop. 
In  order  to  finance  this  venture,  the  Company  is  offering  bonds  in  the  de- 
nominations of  ¥1500  and  $1000.  The  bonds  are  dated  for  5  years  and  will 
beai'  D'ye  interest  per  annum  to  be  paid  semi-annually. 

If  you  are  interested  in  investing  in  this  pro.iect,  please  fill  out  the  blank 
below  and  mail  to  us. 

The  Brethren  Pubhshing  Company 
."i24  College  Avenue 
Ashland,  Ohio     44805 

Gentlemen : 

The  undersigned, 

(lilease    print    nnnie) 


_,  wishes  to  purchase 

$1,000.00  Bonds 

$.500.00  Bonds 

My  check  in  the  amount  of  $_ 

to  cover  the  purchase  is  enclosed. 


(number   and    street) 

(city,    state,    zjpcode) 

January  18,  1969 

Page  Seventeeo 

ONE  OF  THE  BASIC  table  manners 
pai-ents  try  to  instill  into  their  chil- 
dren is  not  to  take  a  lai-ger  bite  than  one 
can  chew.  Have  you  ever  seen  a  little 
chUd  try  to  eat  an  entire  piece  of  bread 
or  cake  in  one  installment?  His  cheeks 
bulging,  he  gets  that  look  on  his  face 
which  seems  to  say,  "What  do  I  do  now, 
Mommy?"  Tonight  I  feel  like  the  subject 
which  has  been  bitten  off  for  me  to  chew 
on  awhile  is  much  too  large  to  handle  ef- 
fectively in  one  installment. 

The  theme  for  our  conference  this  yeai- 
is  "Disoipleship,"  and  I'm  sure  we  can 
enter  this  conference  anticipating  the 
greatest  of  God's  blessings.  This  theme  is 
one  from  which  we  all  can  profit  and  from 
which  all  who  claim  the  name  of  Chi-ist 
can  receive  a  challenge.  As  you  will  note 
from  youi-  pn>gram  this  theme  wUl  be 
explored  in  its  various  facets  of  life. 

Tonight  our  subject  is  "Discipleship  in 
the  City."  In  order  to  gain  an  adequate 
understanding  of  oui-  subject  we  must  first 
"make  the  i"ough  places  plain"  by  defining 
what  we  mean  when  we  speak  of  "disciple- 

If  we  could  use  om-  imagiiiation  for  a 
moment  let  us  mentally  transplant  our- 
selves into  the  situation  in  Jesus'  day  vvihen 
He  spoke  to  the  multitudes.  If  possible,  let 
us  lay  aside  all  the  tradition  which  has 
accumulated  o\'er  tlie  centuries,  tlie  dogma 
which  has  been  formulated,  all  the  sophis- 
ticated discussions  which  ha\-e  taken  place, 
and  all  the  form  of  the  present  day  insti- 
tution known  as  the  church.  Let  us  put 
ourselves  in  the  place  of  the  multitudes 
who  were  gathering  ai-ound  Jesus.  Let  us 
hear  again  those  imadomed  words  of  om' 
text:  "If  any  man  would  come  after  me, 
let  liim  deny  himself  and  take  up  his  cross 
and  follow  me."  There  is  notliing  sopliisti- 
cated  about  discipleship.  It  simply  means 
following  Christ.  Hans  Denck,  a  sixteenth 
century  refoi-mer,  crystallized  the  matter 
when  he  said,  "No  man  knows  Clirist  truly 
except  he  follow  Him  daily  in  life."  That 
is  discipleship. 

Hear  Christ's  words  again:  "If  any  man 
would  come  after  me,  let  him  deny  himself 
and  take  up  his  cross  and  follow  me  into 
the  city."  Let  us  ithen  follow  Chi-ist  into 
the  city. 

As  we  approach  the  city  on  Highway 
101  we  notice  immediately  what  manner 
of  people  live  on  the  outer  fringes  of  the 
city.  The  houses  here  ai-e  luxurious!  They 
are  immense,  with  large  lawns,  under- 
ground utilities  and  wide  streets  leading 
to  them.  There  are  from  two  to  sl.x  cai- 
garages  attached  to  every  one  of  them. 
There  is  little  doubt  about  the  class  of 
the  people  who  live  here.  Their  streets 
have  romantic  names:  Forest  Drive;  Good- 





by  Rev.  Brian  H.  Moore 

Page  Eighteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

will  Acres  Court:  Country  Club  I>rive; 
Valley  Springs  Road;  or  Wilcox  Farms 
Drive.  None  of  these  sound  like  city  ito 
me:  Country  Club!  Farms!  Spiings!  Acres! 
Notice  too  that  ithe  roads  aa-e  seldom  called 
streets.  They  are  drives,  courts  or  roads. 
Sounds  like  they  are  a  little  reluctant  to 
give  up  the  country  in  theiir  thinking.  And 
look  at  that  church!  A  stately  edifice  and 
they  even  have  four  ministers! 

Let's  not  tarry  here:  let  us  go  on.  We 
pass  mUe  after  mile  of  shopping  centers, 
small  businesses  and  automobile  establish- 
ments. Then  we  come  to  a  freeway  which 
will  whisk  us  across  itowii  in  a  jiffy.  You 
can't  see  much  from  this  freeway:  just 
factories  in  the  distance.  We  don't  get  to 
see  much  of  citj'  life  on  this  highspeed 
artei-y.  But  wait,  this  is  part  of  city  Life! 
This  freeway  is  a  symbol  of  people  on  the 
move:  concrete  and  steel,  impatient  drivers 
disregarding  speed  limit  signs  and  yield 
signs!  Downtown — next  exit — ^so  we  get 
off  this  nerve-WTacking  throughway  and 
slow  down  a  bit,  and  soon  we  find  oui-seh'es 
suiToiuided  with  buildings  which  would 
have  put  the  Tower  of  Babel  to  shame. 
Hotels,  banks,  apartment  buildings  —  all 
are  ali\'e  with  swarms  of  people!  You  ha\-e 
to  be  careful  here  because  the  pedesti-ians 
fai"  outniunber  the  cars  and  the  pedestrians 
haA'e  the  right  of  way!  The  amount  of 
people  here  almoist  overwhelm  us,  and  these 
are  just  the  visible  ones!  We  ai-e  following 
Clirist  and  we  wonder  if  all  these  people 
have  even  heard  of  Him! 

Those  people  who  study  the  situation 
and  make  all  those  statistics  must  be 
right  after  all  when  they  tell  us  how  many 
people  live  in  the  cities  and  what  we 
should  e.xpect  in  the  near  futui-e.  On  the 
other  hand,  we  have  seen  factories,  banks, 
offices,  shopping  centers.  The  city  does 
offer  work  and  opportuni-ty.  It  does  offer 
convenience.   That's  why  people  mwe  here. 

Where  do  all  these  people  li\-e?  Surely 
tliey  don't  all  live  in  plush  suburbia.  Some 
of  the  people  we  see  here  downtown  don't 
look  very  plush!  There  are  beggars,  blind 
people,  eccentrics  who  want  attention: 
these  wear  their  shirts  inside  out,  have  a 
beard,  need  a  haircut,  really  stand  out 
(which  is  actually  what  they  want).  The 
city  would  have  this  effect  on  you:  it  al- 
most makes  you  scream,  "I  want  to  be 
noticed!"  Yet  no  one  seems  to  care  about 
the  beggars  or  the  blind.  It  seems  that 
everyone  is  too  busy  to  give  them  any 
heed;  they  just  get  used  to  having  them 
around.  The  rebels  even  get  to  looking 
commonplace!  They  will  have  to  try  some- 
thing new  in  order  to  make  a  scene. 

So  we  must  see  Where  these  people  live. 
We  leave  the  tall  buildings  and  venture 
out  into  the  streets.    Yes,  they  are  called 

streets  now.  There  are  houses  as  far  as 
the  eye  can  see,  and  most  of  them  look  the 
same  in  any  given  area.  Do  you  suppose 
one  man  could  own  all  these  identical 
houses?  If  one  man  owns  all  these  he 
surely  has  gotten  behind  on  his  repairs  and 
painting.  These  places  are  filthy!  I  won- 
der what  happens  when  the  tenants  get 
behind  in  their  rent!  What  conditions  we 
have  seen  so  far:  dirt,  grime,  rush  and 
noise,  poverty!  It  is  small  wonder  that 
people  have  mo\'ed  out  to  the  quiet  sub- 
urbs and  tried  to  maloe  them  look  like  the 
counti-yside.  That  is  where  the  churches 
have  gone,  too  —  the  ones  with  four  min- 
isters or  one  minister.  The  witness  of  the 
Gospel  in  this  part  of  town  is  scant  indeed. 
The  ones  tbait  are  left  are  slowly  dying. 
The  o^nly  place  for  the  conventional  church 
to  survive  is  in  suburbia  where  there  js 
money  and  fewer  problems.  But  what 
about  all  these  people  here?  Most  of  them 
are  members  of  a  minority,  Puerto  Ricans, 
Negroes,  foreigners.  Shall  they  not  have 
someone  to  tell  them  of  Christ? 

It  is  obvious  that  few  have  taken  disci- 
pleship  in  the  city  seriously.  Most  Protes- 
tants have  a  great  disdain  for  the  dirt, 
noise,  poverty,  and  immorality  which  are 
associated  with  the  city.  The  Protestants 
have  long  condemned  the  city,  but  isn't  at 
simply  evading  the  problem  by  condem- 
ing  it?  There  is  no  answer  in  a  negative 
response.  The  American  background  is 
rural,  the  Protestant  background  is  rural 
and  the  Brethren  background  is  supreme- 
ly rural.  One  of  the  biggest  problems  of 
diseipleship  in  the  city  is  the  dislike  of  the 
city  by  the  disciples.  How  shall  we  over- 
come the  hatred  which  has  built  up  in  us? 
The  Brethren  have  it.  The  typical  Breth- 
ren Church  is  the  small,  white  frame  (or 
brick  if  it  suits)  building  out  in  the  country 
somewhere.  If  the  Brethren  ai-e  in  the 
city  they  are  in  a  nice  part  of  town.  If 
they  are  in  the  inner  city  it  is  because 
that  area  used  to  be  the  nice  part  of  town 
but  social  fate  has  changed  things  around. 
The  Brethren  have  not  made  any  attempt 
to  establish  an  inner  city  work! 

Seeing  that  in  the  next  few  years  the 
cities  will  grow  into  each  other  forming 
huge  city  comple.xes  it  must  be  time  fbir 
the  Brethren  along  with  all  of  Protest- 
antism to  overcome  our  reluctance  to  have 
a  church  and  witness  in  the  city,  the  nasty 
city  if  you  please.  If  the  Brethren  Church 
is  to  have  25  by  75  there  must  be  some- 
thing positive  done  about  reaching  the 
cities.  If  the  Brethren  Churdh  is  to  sur- 
vive we  must  minister  to  the  cities. 

How  shall  we  minister  to  the  cities? 
This  is  our  pi-oblem.  If  we  are  to  minister 
to  the  cities  we  must  examine  and  solve 
the  problems  which  are  imique  to  the  city. 

January  18,  1969 

Page  Nineteen 

I.  Depersonalization 

One  of  the  most  distressing  problems  in 
the  city  is  the  feeling  one  gets  of  lostness 
and  aloneness.  In  proportion  to  the  num- 
ber of  people  present,  it  is  impossible  to 
know  i>ersonaUy  very  many  of  them,  and 
likewise  very  few  people  know  you.  It  is 
simply  impossible  to  have  it  any  other  way, 
but  this  makes  problems  for  the  church. 
Even  as  one  can  get  lost  in  the  crowd  so 
can  one  remain  hidden  from  the  influence 
of  the  church.  The  tiiaditionaJ  forms  of 
outreach  are  relatively  ineffective  in  the 
huge  city  with  its  masses.  Individuals  ap- 
parently do  not  e.x'ist.  It  is  difficult  to 
make  new  contacts.  People  pi-efer  to  be 
left  alone.  They  may  disconnect  their 
phone  or  have  an  unlisted  number  in  order 
to  protect  their  privacy.  This  depersonali- 
zation also  has  moral  consequences.  Evil 
finds  sanctuary  in  the  city  because  "men 
love  darkness  rather  than  light  because 
their  deeds  are  evil."  There  is  a  loss  of 
restraint  because  of  lack  of  social  pres- 
sure. In  the  small  town  or  coimtry  crime 
amd  immoitiali'ty  is  hindered  to  a  degree  be- 
cause everyone  knows  everyone  else.  In 
the  cities  this  restraint  is  removed  and  the 
crime  rate  continues  to  spiral  upward. 
But  the  overall  depersonalization  can  have 
a  good  effect.  We  are  free  to  establish 
our  friendships  and  relationships  and  to 
cultivate  them.  The  Brethren  have  some- 
thing unique  to  offer  to  the  anonymous 
condition  of  the  city;  with  our  emphasis  on 
brotherhood  and  fellowship  we  can  pro- 
vide warmth  to  an  otherwise  cold  and  im- 
personal city.  The  loss  of  social  pressure 
also  puts  an  end  to  nominal  Christianity. 
No  one  goes  to  church  because  of  What  the 
neighbors  might  tliink,  and  so  there  is  the 
possibility  of  a  i>urer  form  of  the  faith  in 
the  city. 

II.  Conununication 

Much  is  said  of  the  problem  of  communi- 
cation  on  agriculture-oriented  Bible  to  an 
industrial  and  technological  society.  Some 
people  in  the  cities  have  never  seen  a 
sheep,  let  alone  imderstand  how  one  be- 
haves. The  parables  would  mean  very 
little  to  one  who  never  saw  the  wide  open 
country  or  a  fai-mer  planting  his  crop. 
Terms  like  redemption,  grace,  salvation, 
oven  "God"  must  be  abandoned  because 
people  can  no  longer  grasp  their  meaning. 
How  can  a  rural  theology  have  meaning 
in  the  city?  I  personally  tliink  this  prob- 
lean  has  been  exaggerated.  For  one  thing, 
even  rural  America  is  not  identical  in  cul- 
ture to  ancient  Palestine.  We  who  have 
grown  up  in  the  coimtry  in  America  still 
had  to  have  the  customs  of  Bible  lands  ex- 
plained  to  us.  The  assumption  in  this  prob- 
lem is  that  unless  you  have  been  a  sheep 
farmer  you  cannot  understand  sheep,  and 

consequently  the  Bible.  Very  few  people 
would  qualify.  None  of  us  have  learned 
anything  without  an  explanation  of  it.  City 
folk,  quite  to  the  contrary,  find  a  fascina- 
tion in  learning  about  the  ways  of  the 
counti-yside.  Furthermore,  the  truths 
taught  in  the  Scriptures  are  not  culture- 
limited.  The  truth  applies  to  aU  men  in 
all  situations,  and  certain  terms  are  not 
outdated.  Redemption  is  used  of  Betty 
Cix>cker  coupons,  grace  is  an  additional 
waiting  period  after  the  bUls  arc  due  and 
salvation  is  used  of  many  daily  situations. 
A  greater  problem  lies  with  those  vvho 
favor  discarding  these  terms  and  that  is 
finding  a  replacement.  It  is  so  easy  to 
tear  away  structures  but  so  difficult  to 
Ijuild  new  ones  in  then-  place.  The  task 
remains:  we  ai-e  to  foUow  Christ  into  the 
city  and  preach  the  Good  News.  If  we 
are  faithful  in  the  one  God  will  be  faithful 
in  the  other,  namely  bringing  men  to  re- 
pentance  and   salvation. 

III.     Ministry 

A  third  problem  which  apparently  con- 
fronts the  Church  is  the  lessening  influence 
of  the  pastor,  the  clergy.  Some  see  this 
as  a  pi-oblem.  One  man  againist  the  whole 
city  can  accomplish  little.  Some  say  the 
church  must  die  because  it  cannot  face 
the  huge  problems.  There  is  one  glaring 
mistake  in  this  assumption:  we  have  al- 
lowed ourselves  to  become  "clergy-orien- 
ted" in  oiu-  church  life.  He  is  the  one  and 
only  one  Who  is  expected  to  minister  to 
the  needs  of  the  masses.  Any  pastor  would 
be  ready  to  admit  tliat  this  concept  of  min- 
istry is  not  workable  in  'the  great  city. 
City  life  is  too  diverse.  One  man  cannot 
speak  with  authority  on  every  subject 
which  life  in  the  city  presents,  but  the 
clergy  can  speak  with  authority  on  ithe 
Bible  and  sphntual  problems.  The  over- 
done problem  of  relevancy  is  not  primarily 
the  problem  of  the  clergy.  It  is  the  duty 
of  the  laity  to  make  the  Gospel  meaning- 
ful in  the  world.  What  we  need  is  not 
simply  a.n  emphasis  on  the  layman's  place 
in  the  ministry,  we  need  a  revolution  of 
concept.  We  need  to  retirni  to  the  New 
Testament  concept.  The  minister  is  the 
pastor,  the  shepherd  of  the  flock.  The 
laity  ai-e  the  sheep  and  it  is  through  the 
sheep  that  the  flock  grows.  Reproduction 
lies  with  them.  The  clergy  would  be  then, 
what  Tiiieblood  calls  the  "player-coach." 
We  have  expected  the  minister  to  be  the 
whole  team  and  we  of  the  laity  have  been 
the  audience  or  spectotoi-s.  The  laity  never 
give  reports  of  their  ministry  at  business 
meetings!  The  traditional,  unscriptural 
type  of  ministi'y  cannot  tx>  effective  in  the 
city,  but  the  New  Testament  approach  has 
great    possibilities.     The    church    building 

Page  Twenty 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

could   become    a   place   of   training   of   the 
laity;   a  lay  semLnary. 

Effective  discipleship  in  the  city  will 
necessitate  penetration  of  the  masses  by 
the  laity,  a  penetration  w*hich  aiready  takes 
place.  What  remains  is  for  us  to  see  our 
work,  the  assembly  line,  the  shop,  the  of- 
fice, the  home  as  a  mission  field  and  then 
do  mission  work  there.  We  must  strive 
for  even  greater  penetration.  Someone  may 
deny  himself  a  nice  home  in  suburbia  with 
the  good  schools  and  dean  air  in  order  to 
rent  a  downtown  apartment  so  ministrj' 
cam  take  place  there. 
IV.     Race 

We  cannot  speak  of  discipleship  in  the 
city  without  confronting  the  race  prob- 
lem. As  Tom  Skinner  points  out  in  the 
June-July  1968  issue  of  The  Christian 
Reader,  "Social  statisticians  estimate  that 
within  ten  years  most  of  our  large  metro- 
politan cities  win  became  completely  or 
predominantly  populated  by  Negroes."  The 
Brethren  are  still  by-and-large  segregated. 
Not  that  our  churches  have  forbidden  the 
colored  man  into  fellowship  but  we  have 
not  sought  him  out.  We  have  simply 
passed  him  by.  In  the  inner  dity  he  caamot 
be  passed  by.  Segregation  in  the  inner 
city  means  deaitli  to  a  chiu'ch.  We  cannot 
solve  ithe  race  prolDlem  by  treating  it  as  a 
subpoinit  in  this  address  but  we  must  be 
aware  of  tliis:    if  we   are  going  to  follow 

Christ  into  the  city  we  wUl  meet  the  race 
problem  and  we  had  better  be  'thinking  now 
about  how  we  are  going  to  face  it. 

Discipleship  in  the  city!  We  have  only 
slighUy  touched  the  subject.  I  sincerely 
hope  and  pray  that  we  as  Brethren  will 
be  able  to  sacrifice  the  beautiful  country- 
side with  its  rocks  and  rills,  forests  and 
hills  for  the  bitter  grit  of  the  city.  The 
city  may  appear  ugly  to  us.  The  task  may 
seem  impossible,  but  let  me  ask  you  this: 
has  Chi-ist  ever  been  conquered  yet?  The 
city  may  be  the  vei-y  gates  of  hell  but  they 
shall  not  prevail  against  Christ.  Christ  is 
going  to  the  city  with  all  the  problems; 
fUth,  immorality,  disease  and  noise.  The 
city  is  where  the  multitudes  are,  and 
Christ  has  compassion  on  the  multitudes. 
Christ  is  going  to  the  city  and  if  we  are 
going  to  be  His  disciples  we  must  follow 
Him  there. 

Rev.   Brian   Moore  is  pastor  of  the  Derby  i 
Brethren  Church,  Derby,   Kansas.    The  abovef 
address  was  delivered  at  the  Mid-West  Dis- 
trict Conference  which  convened  at  Mulvane, , 
Kansas,  the  early  part  of  October,    1968. 

World   Religious   News 


Washington,  D.C.  (EP) — Contend- 
ing that  "no  church,  no  religion,  and 
no  God  needs  the  help  of  the  Federal 
Government  and  its  Post  Office  De- 
partment to  bring  His  witness  to  the 
American  people,  Glemi  L.  Archer  of 
Protestants  and  Other  Americans 
United  for  Separation  of  Church  and 
State  is  continuing  a  suit  to  ban  the 
1967  and  1968  Christmas  stamp  is- 

The  United  States  Court  of  Appeals 
has  reversed  the  ruling  of  a  lower 
court  which  refused  to  consider  a  suit 
to    stoj)    the    issuance    of    what    was 




temied  a  "sectarian"  postage  stamp. 

The  1967  Christmas  stamp  depicts 
the  Infant  Jesus  in  the  arms  of  his 
mother  with  his  hand  resting  on 
what  the  P.O.  Dept.  describes  as  a 
Roman  Catholic  missal. 

The  original  suit  was  fded  by 
Americans  United  for  Separation  of 
Church  and  State,  along  with  individ- 
ual plaintiffs,  contendijig  that  the 
stamp  constituted  religious  propagan- 
da and  go\'ernment  proselytization 
for  Christianity  in  general  and  the 
Roman  Catholic  Church  in  particular. 
Such  postage  stamps,  the  plaintiffs 
contend,  constitute  an  illegal  step  to- 
ward an  estal>lislrment  of  religion  by 

the  Federal  Government  m  violation  i 
of  the  First  Amendment  to  the  Con- 
stitution of  the  United  States. 


Grand  Rapids,  Minn.  (EP)  —  Eric 
Enstrom,  whose  photograph  "Grace" 
hangs  in  thousands  of  homes,  dining 
rooms  and  churches  aroimd  the  world 
died  here  at  the  age  of  92. 

Mr.  Enstrom,  who  spent  most  of  I 
his  life  as  a  portrait  photographer  in 
Bovey,  Minn.,  in  1918  sought  to  take 
a  picture  showing  that  the  war-we'ary 
world  stUl  had  much  to  be  thanlcful 

One  day  a  familiar  peddler,  Charles 
Wilden  of  Grand  Rapids,  called  at  the 
Enstrom  home,  selling  footscrapers. 
Mr.  Enstrom  saw  in  Mr.  Wilden's 
bearded  face  the  kind  of  serenity  he 
was  seeking. 

He  had  Mr.  WUden  sit  at  a  smaUi 
table,  on  which  he  placed  the  family. 
Bible,  a  pair  of  folded  spectacles,  a 
l>owl  of  gruel,  a  loaf  of  bread  and  a 

January  18,  1969 

Page  Twenty-one 

Mr.  Wilden  folded  his  hands  and 
l)owed  his  head  in  a  manner  that  was 
remai-kably  easy  and  natural.  Mr. 
Enstrom  had  his  picture. 


Salt  Lake  City  (EP)— The  World- 
famous  Church  Tabernacle  Choir  will 
sing  at  a  program  attending  Presi- 
dent-elect Richard  M.  Nixon's  inaug- 
uration, according  to  J.  Willard  Mar- 
I'iott,  chaiiTnan  of  the  Inaugural  Com- 

The  375-voice  choh-  sajig  at  Presi- 
dent Lyndon  B.  Johnson's  Inaugui^a- 
tion  in  1965,  and  Mr.  Nbcon  has  ask- 
ed  that   the  choir  be  invited   to  his. 


Little  Rooli,  Ark.  (EP)— Evolution 
is  now  "a  legal  teaciiing  subject"  in 
Arkansas  because  of  the  U.S.  Su- 
preme Court  ruling  that  the  state's 
anti-evolution  law  of  1926  was  un- 

EducatO'fS  greeted  the  court's  de- 
cision with  approval. 

Forrest  RozzeU,  executive  secre- 
tary of  the  Arkansas  Education  Asso- 
ciation, said,  "As  long  as  it  remained 
on  the  statute  books,  and  was  being 
violated,  it  tended  to  promote  disre- 
spect for  the  law." 

Arch  W.  Ford,  state  education  com- 
missioner, told  newsmen,  "It  was  a 
decision,  of  the  court  that  I  e.xpected. 
I  did  not  e.Kpect  the  law  to  be  sus- 
tained by  the  court." 

When  asked  if  any  coiTections 
would  be  needed  in  the  state  educa- 
tional system  as  a  result  of  the  decis- 
ion, Mr.  Ford  said,  "It  might  have 
some  psychological  meaning  on  the 
teachers,  but  I  don't  think  it  has  too 
much  practical  meaning.  I  tlimk  it's 
good  that  the  law  has  been  stricken." 


Stillwater,  Okla,  (EP)  —  A  new 
style  marriage  that  would  pennit 
partners  to  engage  in  "extracuiTicu- 
lar"  sexual  relations  was  proposed 
here  by  a  theologian  speaking  at 
Se.xpo  68. 

Some  1,500  Oklahoma  State  Uni- 
versity students  heard  Dr.  Edwai'd 
Hobbs,  professor  of  theology  and  Bi- 
ble liistory  at  the  University  of  Cal- 
ifornia, make  his  appeal  for  the  radi- 
cal chcuige  in  modern  social  stnjc- 
ture.    Dr.  Hobbs,  who  is  also  profes- 

sor of  medicine  at  California,  ad- 
mitted his  proposal  probably  would 
not  be  accepted. 

He  suggested  marriage  by  a  life- 
time bond,  broken  only  after  great 
difficulty  If  children  were  present  or 
on  the  way.  The  bond,  he  said,  would 
heilp  maintain  the  stability  of  the 
Union  and  protect  offspring,  re\ers- 
ing  the  cun^ent  cycle  of  maiTiage,  di- 
\'orce  and  remariying. 

Earlier  a  New  York  Psychologist 
and  marriage  coiuiselor  said  veneral 
disease  could  be  wiped  out  if  it  were- 
n't for  puritanical  ideas  and  lack  nf 


Wasliing-ton,  D.C.  (EP)— The  U.S. 
Supreme  Coui't  took  under  advise- 
ment the  involved  question  of  who  is 
rightful  owner  of  chiu-ch  property 
when  a  congregation  disaffiliates 
from  the  parent  organization  because 
of  doctrinal  differences. 

In  oral  argument  stretching  over 
two  days,  the  Justices  repeatedly  had 
to  keep  the  focus  on  whether  there 
was  a  real  issue  for  the  Coui't  as  a 
civil  body  or  whether  it  falls  exclus- 
ively under  the  pale  of  church  gov- 

Charles  L.  Gowen,  attorney  for  Uie 
Presbyterian  Church  in  the  U.S. 
(Southern)  insisted  that  a  dissident 
congregation  in  Savannah  had  no 
right  to  approve  the  civil  courts  of 
Georgia   to  settle   the  issue. 

When  the  congregation  affiliated 
with  the  denomination  in  the  1800's, 
he  said,  they,  like  other  Presbyteri- 
ans, tiu-ned  over  their  chiu'Ch  proper- 
ty in  "implied  trust"  to  the  denom- 

Property  titles  of  churches,  church 
policy  notwithstanding  rest  with  the 
local  congregation  in  Georgia. 

The  Georgia  Supreme  Coui't  ruled 
in  favor  of  two  dissatisfied  Presby- 
terian churches,  holding  that  the 
property  is  theirs  and  that  the  par- 
ent organization  is  no't  entitled  to  it. 


Minneapolis  (EP) — BUly  Graham 
talked  "sports,  politics  and  religion" 
at  a  recent  "quiet  dinner  with  Pres- 
ident-elect Richard  Nixon  in  the  Nix- 
on apartment  in  New  York  City. 

But  beyond  that,  the  50-yeai'-old 
evangelist  declined  to  provide  specif- 
ics about  their  conversation  when  he 

arri\'e<:i  in  Minneopohs  for  a  four-day 
stay  prior  to  taking  off  for  Vietnam 
and  a  Christmas  visit  with  U.S. 

In  reply  to  a  reporter's  question, 
the  e\'angelist  said  Mr.  Nixon  "has  a 
number  of  plans"  for  dealing  with  the 
lack  of  support  he  receiver  from  the 
nation's  Negroes  in  the  November 

"I  suspect  that  four  years  from 
now  minority  gi-oups  will  think  tliey 
have  been  well  treated,"  Mr.  Graham 

The  e\-angelist  was  highly  critical 
of  clergymen  who  bi-e-ak  the  law  in 
protesting  the  war  and  social  injus- 
tice and  of  small  groups  of  students 
\\  hich  have  closed  colleges. 


New  York  (EP) — "Scientific  train- 
uig  is  helpfiU  in  understcmding  and 
adopting  tlie  Gospel." 

So  stated  nuclear  physicist  Dr. 
John  A.  Mclntyre,  physics  professor 
and  associate  du-ector  for  research  at 
tlie  Cyclotron  Institute  at  Texas  A. 
&  M.  University-.  He  said  the  oppo- 
site view  often  held  is  simply  a  "con- 
temporcQ-y  excuse"  for  nonbelief,  ad- 
ding that  "the  real  reason  is  still  the 
same  as  it  has  always  been"  —  that 
men  don't  waait  to  submit  their  own 
wills  to  a  greater  will. 

Rather  than  discrediting  religion. 
Dr.  Mclntyre  said,  the  scientific  ap- 
|;roach  actually  lends  credibility  to  it. 

"The  scientific  attitude  which  has 
developed  in  Christian  civilization  is 
naturally  congenial  to  honestly  ex- 
cmiinmg  evidence  for  truth,"  he  said. 
He  added  tliat  the  patiis  to  religious 
and  scientific  dlscoveiy  are  much  the 


London  (EP)  —  Queen  Elizabetli 
will  attend  ne.xt  year's  full  business 
session  of  the  (Presbyterian)  Church 
of  Scotland — the  first  Sovereign  (to 
do  so  in  almost  four  centuries.  The 
last  visit  by  a  sovereign  was  well  be- 
fore the  union  of  the  Crowns  of 
England  and  Scotland  m  1603.  An 
announcement  said  the  Queen  will  be 
accompanied  by  her  husband,  the 
Duke  of  Edinburgh,  and  would  stay 
at  the  palace  of  Holyrood  House  dur- 
ing the  Assembly,  which  wUl  last 
from  Tuesday,  May  20  to  Wednesday, 
May  28. 

Page  Twenty-two 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 



I  Corinthians  13:8,  13 

"What    the    world    needs    now    is 
love,  sweet  love, 

That's  the  only  thing  we're  think- 
ing of." 

So  says  one  of  the  popular  songs  of  the 
day.  This  is  also  the  contention  of  the 
"flower  people"  and  the  reason  for  the 
"love  beads"  we  see.  I  have  no  quarrel 
with  these  sentiments.  I'm  sure  I  would 
differ  with  many  of  them  about  type,  origin 
and  e.Kpression  of  the  love  they  are  refer- 
ring to,  but  the  world  does  need  love,  a  dur- 
able love,  the  kind  God  has  revealed  to 
the  world  in  His  Son,  Jesus  Christ. 

Many  of  you  have  probably  read  the  lit- 
tle devotional  classic  "The  Greatesit  Thing 
In  The  World"  by  Henry  Di-ummond.  Men 
for  ages  have  been  seaixjhing  for  the  "sum- 
mum  bonum."  Philosophers  from  Aristotle 
on  down  have  offered  definitions  of  the 
highest  good,  but  as  Drummond  says,  the 
greatest  thing  in  the  world  is  love  because 
it  lasts:    it  is  durable. 

Jesus  certainly  wanted  love  to  last  and 
endure  in  His  disciples.  One  of  His  last 
commandments  to  them  was,  "Love  one 
another."  "Surely  this  often-repeated  com- 
mandment to  love  had  now  taken  root  in 
the  apostles'  hearts.  It  would  not  only  sus- 
tain them  during  the  houi-s  that  lay  just 
ahead,  but,  of  course,  become  the  central 
theme  and  identification  of  Christians 
throughout  the  ages."'  This  Chi-istian  faith 
is  based  upon  a  personal  relationship  be- 
tween God  and  man.  The  apostles  knew 
this  love  because  it  flowed  from  a  Person, 
their  Lord  and  Master.  This  is  the  way  we 
must  know  God.  God  is  a  "Thou"  not  an 
"It."  To  know  something  as  an  "it"  is  one 
thing,  but  ito  know  something  as  "Thou"  in 
a  love  relationship  is  vei-y  different.  For 
example,  an  anthropologist  in  Africa  do- 
ing research  on  a  particular  tribe,  may  be 
or  become  an  expert  on  primitive  life,  but 
never  got  to  know  the  people  for  more 
than  scientific  purposes.  But  a  missionary 
with  less  expert  knowledge,  with  the  love 
of  Christ  in  his  heart  will  come  to  know, 
and  build  up  a  personal  loving  relaitionship. 
That's  what  it  means  to  know  God  as 
"Thou"  not  "it,"  or  just  knowing  about 
God  and  knowing  God  in  a  personal  lov- 
ing relationship.  Let  us  look  then  to  I 
Corinithians  13:8,  13. 

I.     Love   never   fails. 

The  Corinthians  had  been  fighting  over 
the  best  spiritual  gift.  In  this  13th  chap- 
ter, Paul  shows  it  is  love.  Love  has  no 
equal  as  a  spiritual  gift,  love  never  ends. 
Paul's  conviction  and  Christian  faith  was 
based  on  personal  e.xperience  of  the  love  of 

This  phrase,  love  never  faileth,  love  nev- 
er   ends,    shows    the   permanence   of    love. 
Tlie  Greek  does  not  mean  that  love  always 
succeeds  —  that  it  is  sure  to  win  —  rather, 
it  will  ne\'er  fail  in  the  sense  of  "come  to 
an    end."     Prophecy,    tongues,    and   knowl- 
edge   have    no    permanence.     Love    never 
falls   down  on   the  job.    Love  by  its  very 
nature  is  pemianent.    Let  us  take  a  look 
at  this  idea  in  the  language  of  logic: 
God  is  Eternal; 
God  is  Love; 
Therefore,  Love  is  Eternal. 

This  love  that  "never  fails"  sees  such 
value  in  the  sinner  that  it  carries  in  its 
heart  a  perpetual  cross  to  win  his  love  in 
return,  and  the  love  thus  created  is  of  the 
same  nature  as  God's  parent  love.  "And 
unless  our  hearts  go  out  to  people  we  shall 
never  reach  their  hearts.  We  may  talk  to 
them  forever,  but  unless  we  have  this  lov- 
ing sympathy  we  might  as  well  be  silent. 
It  is  possible  to  pelt  people  with  the  Gos- 
pel and  to  produce  the  effect  of  flinging 
stones  at  them.  Much  Christian  work 
comes  to  nothing  mainly  for  that  reason."^ 
Our  love  has  to  be  durable. 

What  happens  to  people  who  can't  or 
won't  love?  Let  us  ask  the  doctors.  "For 
more  than  forty  years  I  have  sat  in  my 
office  and  listened  while  people  of  all  ages 
and  classes  told  me  of  their  hopes  and 
feai-s  ...  As  I  look  back  over  the  long, 
full  years,  one  truth  emerges  dearly  in  my 
mind  —  the  universal  need  for  love  .  .  . 
They  cannot  survive  without  love;  they  i 
must  have  it  or  they  will  perish."3  "It  is 
the  individual  who  is  not  initeresited  in  his 
fellow  man  who  has  the  greatest  difficul- 
ties in  life  and  provides  the  greatest  in- 
jm-y  in  life.  It  is  from  among  such  indi- 
viduals that  all  human  failures  spring. 
Dr.  Adler  from  tiiousands  of  patients  has 
obsei-ved  that  the  lack  of  love  was  a  part 
of  all  human  failures.  "•»  Without  love,  we 
lose  the  will  to  live.   Our  mental  and  phys- 

January  18,  1969 


ical  vitality  is  impaired,  oui-  resistance  is 
lowered,  Eind  we  succumb  to  illnesses  that 
often  prove  fatal.  We  may  escape  death, 
but  what  remains  is  a  meager  and  barren 
existence,  emotionally  so  impoverished  that 
we  can  only  be  called  half  alive.  It  is  one 
of  the  basic  facts  of  human  life  that  the 
ungiven  self  is  the  unfilled  self."'  The 
background  of  vvoiTy  is  fear;  the  fore- 
ground is  nervousness.  Both  reduce  vital- 
ity, impair  the  will,  and  often  impair  man's 
reason.  Love  can  keep  wony  from  defeat- 
ing life.  Lave  endui-es  all  things,  forever. 
Love  never  ends.  Thank  God  for  a  love 
that  is  durable. 

So  often  love  does  se«m  to  fail.  It  fails 
when  those  to  whom  it  is  directed  are  un- 
responsive, as  in  the  case  of  Judas  Isoariot. 
Sometimes  it  fails  because  of  something 
lacking  in  those  who  would  exercise  it.  If 
love  is  not  tempered  by  judgment,  it  can 
easily  degenerate  into  something  like  sen- 
timentality. As  Dr.  BiUy  Graliam  says, 
"It  is  possible  to  be  right  theologically  and 
yet  be  lacking  in  a  spii-it  of  love,  which  is 
exactly  the  condition  of  the  demons.  Hu- 
mility and  love  are  precisely  ithe  graces 
which  ithe  men  of  the  world  can  under- 
stand, if  they  don't  comprehend  doctrines. 
So  if  someone  teUs  you  that  lo\'e  has  fail- 
ed, make  sure  it's  God's  love  ithey  have 

You  and  I  should  have  no  question  about 
the  durability  of  the  love  of  God,  "For  I 
am  persuaded,  that  neither  death,  nor  hfe, 
nor  angels,  nor  principalities,  nor  powera, 
nor  things  present,  nor  things  to  come,  nor 
height,  nor  depth,  nor  any  other  creatui^e. 
shall  be  able  to  separate  us  fi-om  the  love 
of  God,  which  is  in  Christ  Jesus  our  Lord" 
(Rom.  8:38,  39).  The  question  is  our  dura- 
bility and  ability  to  show  love.  We  live 
just  one  mile  fi-om  John  Deere  Reseaixih 
and  Engineering  Center.  It  is  here  that 
a  whole  department  is  gi\'en  the  task  of 
testing  the  durabUity  of  John  Deere  prod- 
ucts. How  long  will  a  drawbar  hold  up 
pulling  a  constant  load  of  .\  number  of 
tons?  You  can  see  almost  constantly  the 
black  smoke  from  engines  that  are  run 
constantly  under  differing  load  conditions. 
Yes,  industry  is  testing  the  durability  of 
the  things  we  use.  How  often  is  your  love 
put    to    the    test.     Many    times    I'm    sure. 

Page  Twenty-three 

Sometimes  we  break,  not  even  realizing 
thait  love  is  what  the  situation  really  need- 
ed.  Our  love  has  to  be  durable,  and  lasting. 

The  Lutheran  Chui'Ch  puts  out  a  fine 
children's  cartoon-puppet  story  with  fine 
messages  about  God.  The  show  is  called 
Davy  and  Goliath.  Davy  is  a  small  boy  and 
Goliath  is  his  talking  dog.  A  little  boy  in 
the  neighborhood  is  shunned  by  his  play- 
mates because  he  wears  a  polka  dot  tie 
and  talks  funny.  The  forlorn  boy  goes  with 
his  dog  to  sulk  in  the  park.  The  dog 
turns  to  the  boy  and  asks,  "Doesn't  any- 
body love  us?"  The  boy  replies,  "God 
does."  The  dog  says,  "Then  why  don't 
people?"  A  very  good  question  to  ask;  why 
doesn't  our  love  endure  to  all,  even  if  they 
aa-e  different? 

Our  Brother  Kumar  from  India  said 
something  very  similar  in  the  Seminary 
presentation  before  this  conference.  When 
he  came  to  the  Seminary  as  a  newcomer, 
those  here  assured  him  that  "God  loves 
you  Kumar,"  but  after  heai-ing  those  words 
for  some  time  he  got  to  feeling,  "O.  K. 
buddy,  show  me  love,  then."  Love  is  dur- 
able when  it  is  used,  put  to  work,  but 
when  it  is  inert,  its  durability  is  not  tested. 
We  must  let  our  love  be  put  to  the  test. 

God's  love  is  durable,  permanent,  but 
He  wants  it  to  endure  in  and  through  us. 
Permit  me  to  pai-aphrase  the  words  of 
Jesus  to  Peter:  "Do  you  love  me?"  "Yes 
Lord,  you  know  I  love  you."  "Then  show 
people  the  durability  of  My  love."  Breth- 
ren, I  want  you  all  to  repeat  this  next 
phrase  in  your  minds  after  I  say  it.  Breth- 
ren: God  wants  to  love  througph  me! 

Paul's  13th  chapter  is  by,  and  for  apos- 
tles of  Good  News.  It  has  the  ultimate  ef- 
fect on  our  evangelism.  "Without  love  I 
am  nothing."  From  the  beginning  the 
Church  has  possessed  the  concept  of  love 
which  is  related  to  such  words  as  mercy, 
grace,  redemption  and  forgiveness.  A  good 
part  of  the  time,  however,  the  Church  has 
been  convinced  that  it  should  [Xjint  out  and 
condemn  evU.  Since  it  is  easier  to  condemn 
than  it  is  to  redeem,  people  have  sometimes 
experienced  more  condemnation  at  church 
than  redemption.  AU  too  often  the  atti- 
tude of  the  Church  has  been  one  of  unlov- 
ing and  rejecting  moralism.  People  in 
trouble  have  turned  to  secular  agencies  for 
the  simple  reason  that  they  did  not  beUeve 
that  they  could  find  in  the  Chm-ch  the  un- 
derstanding and  acceptance  which  they 
craved.  .  .  Acceptance  is  a  willingness  to 
meet  persons  as  they  ai-e.  It  means  accept- 
ing their  words,  feelings  and  acts  without 
either  condemning  or  approving  the  per- 
sons themselves.  It  means  willingness  to 
beco-me  involved.  It  is  the  opposite  of  the  at- 
titude which  says:  "Run  along.  I  can't  be 
bothered  with  the  likes  of  you.  When  you 

Page  Twenty-four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

rtiise  yaurself  up  to  my  standards,  tlieii  I 
will  accepit  yO'U."6  It  is  not  by  driving 
our  brother  away  that  we  can  be  alone 
with  God.  "Congregations  comtemplating 
their  evangelism  programs  might  well  con- 
sider whether  their  visitors  are  ready  to 
point  people  to  the  forgiving  love  of 
God.  Are  the  visitors  capable  of  accepting 
the  unchui'ched  where  they  find  them? 
Can  they  grant  people  the  right  to  say 
'yes'  or  'no'?  Do  the  visitors  feel  that 
in  Christ  they  really  have  something  to 
offer?  Is  the  congregation,  for  its  part, 
able  to  surround  new  members  with  love 
and  understanding?  If  such  love  is  absent, 
what  will  happen  to  the  new  members?"' 
Is  your  church  demonstrating  the  durabil- 
ity of  God's  love?  Ai-e  you  demonstrating 
the  durability  of  God's  lo\'e  in  your  life? 

II.     Prophet'ies  fail,   tongues  cease,   knowl- 
edge  vanishes. 

Paul  states  at  the  beginning  of  verse  8 
that  love  never  ends,  but  these  things  will. 
Prophecies  fail,  tongues  cease  and  knowl- 
edge vanishes.  "Lo\'e  never  faileth."  Its 
exisitence,  activity,  manifestation,  wUl  be 
pei"petuated.  The  wonderful  spiritual  gifts 
of  which  he  had  said  so  much,  proipheoy, 
the  ability  to  speak  with  tongues,  knowl- 
edge —  these  should  cease  to  exist.  Al- 
though they  proceeded  from  the  Holy 
Ghost  and  were  mightily  insti-umemtal  for 
good  in  the  incipient  work  of  the  Church, 
yet,  nevertheless,  they  were  to  terminate. 
Scaffoldings  were  they  all,  useful  as  such, 
subsei-v-ing  most  important  ends,  but  mere 
scaffoldings,  that  could  no  longer  remain 
when  the  edifice  had  been  finished.  Wliat 
then  is  the  ideal  of  the  Church?  It  is  not 
splendid  endowments,  for  they  ai'e  doomed 
to  extiirction,  but  the  love  "that  never  fail- 
eth."  Whether  the  passing  away  of  these 
gifts  refer  to  the  apostolic  age  or  to  "the 
age  to  come"  matters  nothing,  since  the 
idea  of  then-  discontinuation  rather  than 
of  the  time  it  should  occur,  is  foremost  in 
St.  Paul's  mind.  Imagine  then,  his  con- 
ception of  love,  when  he  could  contemplate 
the  Church  as  a  vast  body  laying  off  these 
mighty  accompaniments  of  its  career,  and 
yet,  so  far  from  being  weakened,  would  be 
girded  afresh  with  a  power  more  resplend- 
ent and  display  it  in  a  form  uifinitely  more 

Anoither  writer  tells  us  of  the  temporary 
nature  of  these  gifts.  "Why  is  it  appoint- 
ed that  these  gifts  shall  cease.  Because 
they  were  bestowed  to  sei've  a  temporary 
purpose,  when  the  barque  of  01ia%tianity 
had  to  be  laimched  upon  the  sea  of  human 
society,  when  Christian  doctrine  needed  a 
special  introduction  and  a  special  authenti- 
cation. There  are  certain  parts  of  a  plant 
wliich  sei-ve  to  protect  it  for  a  season, 
which  disappear  when  the  plant  is  matui-e. 

A  scaffolding  may  be  useful  for  a  time; 
but  when  the  building  is  cO'mpleited,  it  has 
done  its  work,  and  is  taken  down  and  car- 
ried away.  So  with  these  gifts;  good  for 
a  temporary  pmpose,  they  may  be  dispens- 
ed with  when  that  purpose  is  attained  .  .  . 
And  notice  that  while  the  special  gifte  re- 
ferred to  have  passed  away,  love  remains 
the  distinctive  feature  of  the  Church  of 
Christ  in  all  its  varying  circiunstances  and 

Paul  was  writing  to  Greeks  who  were 
noted  for,  and  proud  of  theii-  knowledge.  I 
imagine  it  stai-tled  the  Cormtliians  to  learn  ! 
that  all  knowledge  is  taken  away.  "We 
know  in  part  and  we  prophesy  in  part." 
"All  knowledge  cannot  be  meant,  for  love 
itself  includes  much  knowledge,  and,  in 
its  absence,  would  simply  be  emotional  in- 
tensity. To  possess  the  mere  faculty  of 
knowing  would  be  worthless,  if  the  mind 
could  not  retain  the  contents  of  knowledge 
and  make  them  a  portion  integrally  of  it- 
self. What  the  apostle  teaches  is  that  such 
knowledge  as  stands  related  to  the  present 
state  and  time,  and  grows  directly  out  of 
imperfect  human  development,  and  shares 
the  condition  of  all  things  earthly,  is  short- 
lived and  must  terminate." i" 

There  is  a  danger  in  knowledge  alone. 
Even  if  it  is  knowledge  about  Christianity. 
The  Christian  Gospel  has  been  put  into 
words.  It  is  a  story.  But  memorizing  a 
stoi-y;  or  building  a  philosopliical  super- 
structure upon  the  stoi-y  is  not  the  Gos- 
pel. Paid  summarized  it  well  in  I  Corinth- 
ians 8:1,  "Knowledge  puffs  up,  but  love 
builds  up"   (RSV). 

Love  will  never  cease  to  be  necessary. 
Faith  and  hope  are  human,  love  is  essenti- 
ally divine.  Love  never  ends,  these  things 
will   end. 

III.     Love  is  the  greatest  of  all. 

The  early  Chiu-ch  showed  this.  Their  ■ 
hallmark  was,  "See  how  they  love  one 
another."  "The  compassion  which  should 
be  the  chief  external  mark  of  a  committed 
Christianity  minority  may  well  begin  with 
the  relations  to  fellow  members  in  the  re- 
demptive society,  but  must  not  be  limited 
to  them.  It  is  our  care  for  the  helpless, 
wrote  Tertuilian,  our  practice  of  loving- 
kingness  that  brands  us  in  the  eyes  of 
many  of  our  opponents.  The  point  is  that 
among  committed  Christians,  the  compas- 
sion was  so  general  that  it  could  be  noticed 
by  outsiders.  The  love  of  Christ  made  a 
visible  difference  in  the  love  of  men.  The 
deepest  mark  of  committed  Christianity  is 
the  difference  it  makes.  "The  love  of  the 
brethren  is  likely  to  be  more  genuine  if 
there  is,  at  the  same  time,  an  imabashed 
expression  of  the  Love   of  Christ."" 

How  has  the  Brethren  Church  expressed  . 
to  the  world  that  God's  Love  is  Durable? 

January  18,   1969 

Page  Twenty-five 

It  used  to  be  evident.  Quoting  from  the 
History  of  the  Tunkers;  "Such  Christians 
as  tliey  are  I  have  never  seen.  So  averse 
are  they  to  all  sin  and  to  many  things  that 
other  Christians  esteem  lawful,  that  they 
noit  only  refuse  to  swear  or  to  go  ito  war, 
but  they  are  so  afraid  of  doing  anything 
contrary  to  the  commands  of  Christ  that  no 
temptation  would  prvvail  upon  them  even 
to  sue  a  person  at  law,  for  either  name, 
character,  estate  or  debt,  be  it  ever  so  just. 
They  are  industrious,  sober,  temperate, 
kind,  charitable  people,  envying  not  the 
great,  not  despising  the  mean;  they  read 
much,  they  sing  and  pray  much,  and  are 
constant  attendants  upon  the  public  wor- 
ship of  God.  Their  dwelling  houses  are  all 
houses  of  prayer.  They  walk  in  the  com- 
mandments and  ordinances  of  the  Lord 
blameless,  both  in  public  and  in  private. 
They  bring  up  their  children  in  the  nutiu-e 
and  admonition  of  the  Lord.  No  noise  of 
rudeness,  shameless  mirth,  loud,  vain 
laughter  we  heard  within  itheiir  doors.  The 
law  of  kindness  is  in  their  mouths;  no 
sourness  or  moroseness  disgraces  their  re- 
ligion; and  whate\'er  they  believe  their 
Savior  has  commanded,  they  practice,  with- 
out inquiring  or  regarding  what  others 
do."i2  This  was  an  appraisal  by  outsiders 
of  our  early  Brethren.  Would  it  stUl  hold 
true  today?  Especially  the  part  about  their 
love  for  one  anoither.  In  Matthew  24:12 
Jesus  says,  "The  love  of  many  will  wax 

Dr.  Shultz  in  "Soul  of  the  Symbols" 
speaks  about  coldness  creeping  into  the 
church  in  its  early  centuries.  "The  wood- 
en cross  of  Christ  was  exchanged  for  the 
great,  golden,  jewel-studded  crosses  of  the 
Roman    Church.     This    exchange   has   con- 

Bishop,  Jim,  The  Day  Christ  Died,  p. 

Maclaren,  Alexander 
McMUlen,  S.  I.,  None  of  These  Diseas- 
es, p.  53 
Ibid.,  p.  77 
Ibid.,  p.   128 

Resource  Book  for  E\-angelism,  Breth- 
ren   Board    of    Evangelism,    Training 
Lesson,  Series  Four,  p.  8 
Ibid.,  p.  9 

Rev.    Ex-Chancellor   Lipscomb,    Pulpit 
Coninientarv,  Vol.  44    p.  437 
Op.  Cit.,  R.Tuck,  p.  445 
Loc.  Cit.,  Lipscomb,  p.  437 
Trueblood,  Elton,  Dr.,  The  Incendiar.v 
Fellowship,  p.  32  and  83 
Holsinger,  Henry,  History  of  the  Tank- 
ers, p.  805 

Shultz,  Dr.   Joseph,  Soul  of  the  S\iii- 
bols,  p.  110 

Finney,  Charles,  Quoted  from  Lei'tures 
on   KeMvals    of   Religion,    in    Eternitj* 
Magazine,  July,  1968,  p.  19 
Blanks,   Mel.,  Eternit>'  Magazine,  Au- 
gust, 1968,  p.  8 

tinued  through  the  centuries  and  today  the 
Church  offers  only  the  cold  symbols  of 
church  buildings  and  gold  crosses  for 
Christian  lo\'e-fellowship.  People  of  the 
world  have  come  to  belie\'e  that  "The 
Church"  is  a  building.  Lonely  people  of 
the  Christian  faith,  and  the  world,  are 
seeking  warm  love  and  the  Church  offers 
cold  worship  ser\'ices.  In  a  word,  people 
are  ever  seeking  warm  love  and  the  Church 
is  ever  offering  cold  crosses.""  In  some- 
what the  same  \'ein,  "Merely  knowing  that 
they  belong  to  the  church,  or  seeing  them 
occasionally  at  the  communion  table,  wOl 
not  produce  Christian  lo'\-e,  unless  they  see 
the   image  of  Christ." '•• 

Our  Love  Feast  has  endured,  but  the 
love  of  the  Brethren  is  only  luke-warm. 
Does  our  love  of  doctrine  get  in  the  way  of 
our  love  for  people?  I  pray  that  it  does 
not.  We  as  Brethren  can  talk  of  love  and 
obser\'e  the  Love  Feast,  but  we  must  show 
the  Durability  of  God's  Love. 

Y(-.u  remember  I  said  that  if  the  love  of 
God  remains  inert  its  durability  is  not  be- 
ing tested.  There  is  one  area  that  the 
church  is  having  difficulty  letting  God's 
love  prevail.  That  is  the  racial  problem. 
JNIel  Blanks,  a  Negro  on  the  staff  at  Scrip- 
ture Press  says,  "I  am  convinced  that  until 
and  unless  the  Church  recognizes  the  need 
to  act  'Christian'  in  this  area,  America  can 
e.>q3ect  no  permanent  solution.  The  Church 
may  ride  in  on  the  tail  of  secular  initiative, 
but  the  final  solution  stUl  rests  with  the 
Church  which  alone  deals  with  the  heart. 
Legislation  is  right  and  necessary  and  may 
prepare  the  way  for  the  person  to  person 
relationships.  It  is  stUl  true,  however,  that 
Christians  must  show  the  world  how  to 
genuinely  love  ...  if  the  church  in  Amer- 
ica indeed  knows  how  to  lave."'^ 

Do  we  know  how  to  genuinely  love?  Can 
we  shoiW  the  world  the  dui-abUity  of  God's 
love?  Brethren;  God  wants  to  love  through 

Love  of  God,  so  pure  and  changeless 
Blood  of  Christ  so  rich  and  free 
Grace  of  God,  so  strong  and  boundless 
Magnify  them  all  in  me — Even  me. 

"Love's  Durability"  is  the  third  sub  topic 
under  the  General  Conference  theme:  "Let 
Sod's  Love  Prevail."  Rev.  Hollinger,  pastor 
of  the  First  Brethren  Church  of  Cedar  Falls, 
Iowa,  presented  the  above  address  on  Friday 
nnorning  of  General  Conference. 

Page  Twenty-six 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


ON  OCTOBER  27,  we  held  our  Homecoming  services. 
Hi.mecomLng  was  very  special  this  year  as  it  was 
also  our  80th  Anniversary.  Rev.  Delbert  Flora  oi  Ash- 
land Theological  Seminary  was  the  guest  speaker,  pre- 
senting inspiring  messages  at  the  morning  and  afternoon 
services.  He  based  his  mourning  sermon  upon  Abraham's 
responsibility  in  taking  the  promised  land  and  indicating 
that  the  Individual  has  a  similar  respoiisibility  in  con- 
quering lilmself.  At  the  afternoon  service  his  topic  was 
"Church  Building."  He  indicated  that  in  i-eality  the 
church  is  a  li\-ing  organism.  Christ  —  the  Living  Stone 
of  Bedrock  —  is  the  foundation.  Church  members  — 
"living  stones"  —  are  used  for  the  building  of  the  super- 

A  noon  fellowship  meal  was  lield  in  the  church  social 
rooms  with  approximately  140  participating. 

At  the  afternoon  service  letters  of  greeting  were  read 
from  Pfc.  and  Mrs.  Ronald  Sandrock  (Mai-y  White),  Mrs. 
Mai-y  Maus,  Rev.  Lemert,  Rev.  and  Mrs.  E.  J.  Black 
and  Re\'.  Alvin  Grumbling.  Rev.  and  Mrs.  Smith  Rose 
were  present  and  gave  personal  greetings.  The  pastor 
presented  a  very  interesting  visual  display,  illustrating 
by  pictures  and  other  materials  the  80-ycar  history  and 
development  of  the  Bryan  First  Brethren  Church. 

It  was  good  to  see  some  old  friends  and  members  re- 
turning for  the  special  services. 

Marcia  Sander 

Left  to  light:    Rev.  and  Mis.  Smith  Rose, 
Bever,  Waiva  Corwin  and  Rev.  Delbert 

guest  speaker 


Bob  Lockhart  and  Rev.  M.  W.  Dodds 

Bob  Lockhart 

JiUiuarj    18,   1969 

Page  Twenty-seven 



James   E.   Norris 

Program  for  February 



Scripture:   Matthew  5;17-20;  John  13:34-35;  John  15:10-14. 


The  Law  of  Lo\'e  was  fully-instituted  by  our  Lord 
Jesus  Christ,  even  from  before  the  world  began.  We  are 
ipt  to  forget  this,  unless  we  go  into  His  Word  and  study 
it.  "In  the  beginning  was  the  Word,  and  the  word  was 
ivith  Grod,  and  the  Word  was  God.  The  same  was  in 
the  beginning  with  God.  AU  things  were  made  by  him: 
and  without  him  was  not  anything  made  that  was  made. 
In  him  was  life;  and  the  life  was  the  light  of  men.  And 
the  light  shineth  in  darkness;  and  the  darkness  compre- 
hendeth  it  not"  (John  1:1-5).  "He  that  loveth  not  know- 
eth  nO't  God;  for  God  is  love"  (I  John  4:8).  "And  we  have 
l<nown  and  believed  the  love  that  God  hath  to  us.  God 
is  love;  and  he  that  dwelleth  in  love,  dweUeth  in  God,  and 
God  in  him"  (I  John  4:16).  In  E.Kodus  20:l-2a,  we  read 
what  is  commonly  called  The  Ten  Commandments.  They 
were  known  as  the  lyiiw.  "And  God  spake  all  tiiese  words, 
saying  ...  I  am  tlie  Lord  tliy  God."  It  may  be  difficult 
for  us  to  coimprehend,  yet,  we  see  here  God  on  Mt.  Sinai, 
and  a  little  later  in  our  study  we  see  God  in  Jesus  in 
and  around  Galilee  and  Jerusalem. 

Verses  lor  discussion: 
I.     Mattliew  5:17 

"Think  not  that  I  am  come  to  destroy  the  law,  or  the 
prophets:  I  am  not  come  to  destroy,  but  to  fulfil."  Jesus 
was  brought  up  in  a  very  strict  home:  a  godly  home.  He 
iid  not  fully  assert  himself  until  He  entered  the  active 
ministry.  When  one  of  the  reUgious  leaders  of  His  day 
isked  Him  which  is  the  great  commandment  in  the  law. 

He  answered  and  said,  "Thou  shalt  love  the  Lord  thy 
God  with  all  thy  heart,  and  with  all  thy  soul,  and  with 
all  thy  mind.  This  is  the  first  and  great  commandment. 
And  the  second  is  like  unto  it.  Thou  shalt  love  thy  neigh- 
bor as  thyself.  On  these  two  commandments  hang  all 
the  law  and  the  prophets"   (Matt.  22:36-40). 

2.  Matthew  5:18   (Read  and  conuiient) 

What  was  a  "jot  or  a  tittle?"  God's  Wor-d  makes  it 
clear  that  all  pit>phecy  wUl  be  fulfUled,  all  of  his  plan 
wUl  have  been  comipleted,  culminating  in  a  new  heaven 
and   a  new  earth. 

3.  Matthew  5:19 

What  does  this  verse  imply?  We  should  not  use  the 
word  imply.  There  is  no  question  as  to  what  it  means. 
It  is  well  to  note  that  wo  are  held  accounta.ble  for  wliat 
we  teach,  and  it  had  better  be  right. 

i.     Matthew  17:20 

What  is  righteousness?  Are  there  degrees  of  righteous- 
ness? What  was  the  big  mistake  the  Pharisees  made 
when  they  l>egan  to  question  Jesus? 

5.  John   1:^:34 

"A  new  coninianihiient  I  give  unto  .you,  that  ye  love 
one  another:  as  I  have  loved  ,vou,  that  ye  also  love  one 
anotlier."  In  what  way  was  this  a  new  commandment? 
How  are  Christian   disciples  recognized    (verse  35)? 

6.  .John  15:10-14 

How  shall  we  abide  in  His  lo\'e?  What  is  this  joy  He 
speaks  of  in  verse  11?  The  law  of  love  requires  us  to  be 
friends  of  Jesus.  Elaborate  on  this. 

Page  Twentj'-eight 


by   Rev.   Bradley  Weidenhamer 


The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Chapter  VI 



■"pHE  SERIES  of  programs  for  Brotherhoods  to  use 
1  this  year  of  1968-69  is  entitied  "Brotherhood  Bible 
Survey."  These  lessons  are  pi-eseiited  in  the  hope  that 
each  Brotherhood  member  might  gain  an  overall  view 
of  Scripture  and  what  the  major  divisions  of  Scripture 
contain.  This  month  we  wish  to  discuss  the  topic  of 
the  minor  prophetical  books  of  the  Old  Testament.  These 
books  are  called  minor  not  because  they  are  unimport- 
ant, but  because  they  are  relatively  short  in  length.  I 
would  recommend  that  the  leader  make  copies  of  this 
lirogram  for  each  member  and  distribute  them  to  the 
members  so  that  they  cam  fUl  in  the  answers  to  the 
questions  for  themselves  and  keep  a  record  of  their 
work.  Most  of  the  answers  will  appear  in  the  program 
with  the  questions. 

1.     Q:  The  Ixioks  of  the  minor  prophets  arc . 

3.     Q: 

Find  background  information  concerning  each 
l50ok  of  the  minor  prophets  in  a  Bible  Diction- 
ary, and  present  this  to  the  group  in  chart  form. 
The  headings  of  the  chart  ishould  be  (1)  author, 
(2)  style  of  the  book,  (3)  kings  who  reigned 
during  the  life  of  the  author,  (4)  historical 
background  of  the  Ijook,  (51  a  list  of  any  people 
mentioned  in  the  book. 

In  what  way  does  Hosea's  life  dramatically  illu- 
strate the  message  he  proclaimed  to  God's  peo- 
ple  (chap,  1-3)? 

4.     Q:  What  message  does  Joel  have  for  the  Jews? 

A:  "The  day  of  Jehovah"  is  coming  and  it  will  in- 
volve God's  judgment  of  the  people  on  the  earth. 

5.  Q:  What  does  Amos  say  is  his  reason  for  speaking: 

out  for  God? 
A:  Amos   7:12-14 

6.  Q:  Obadiah    announces   Ciod's   judgment   upon   what 


A:  His  judgment   is   upon   Ed(>m,   the   nation   which 
descended  from  Esau. 

7.  Q:  Review   the  story   of  Jonah   and  discuss  the   les- 

sons that  we  learn  from  it. 

8.  Q:  What  interesting  prophecy  do  we  find  in  Micah 


9.  Q:  What  great  city  does  Nahum  condemn   through 

God's  judgment  and  why? 

10.  Q:  Read  and  discuss   the  3rd  chapter  of  Habakkul<! 

in    order    to    see    the    faith    and    confidence   w€i 
need  to  have  in  Ck>d. 

11.  Q:  What  is  the  message  which  Zephaniah  has  from 

A:  A   judgment   is  coming  upon   Judah  and  all  na.} 
tions  but  there  will  be  eventual  deliverance  foi 

12.  Q:  What  did  Haggai  do  in  relation  to  the  temple? 
A:  He   encouraged   the  Jews   to  rebuild   the  tempkl 

when   they   returned   from  captivity. 

13.  Q:  Discuss  the  eight  visions  in  Zehariah  1-6. 

14.  Q:  What  does  the  book  of  JMalaehi  demonsti-ate  hi 


A:  It   shows   us   that   the   battle   with   sin   is   nevei 
ended  in  this  life. 



Ephesians  3:18 

anuary  18,  1969 

Page  Twenty-nine 


Hi,  you'all, 

This  is  the  long  unheard  from  but  not  long  lost  Saraso- 
a  Brethren  laymen  reportmg.  My  only  excuse  for  delay 
5  the  tremendous  effort  it  takes  me  to  confine  myself  to 
.  desk  for  the  purpose  of  writing,  with  the  temperatures 
II  the  eighties. 

If  this  keeps  up  I'll  have  to  cut  the  grass  again.  Oh 
veil,  down  here  we  just  learn  to  grin  and  bear  it. 

After  a  three  month  vacation  we  have  reopened  our 
lymen's  meetings.  We  had  a  very  interesting  meeting 
n  November.  A  gentleman  talked  to  us  about  Flying 
>aucers.  There  were  some  believers  in  the  audience,  and 
ve  had  some  converts  before  the  night  was  ended.  We 
vere  referred  to  the  first  chapter  of  Ezekiel  on  this  par- 
icular  subject.  However,  don't  anyone  woiTy,  for  what- 
ever is  in  this  \-ast  universe,  God  is  still  in  complete  com- 

Gettijig  back  down  to  earth  again,  we  decided  to  hold 
'lection  of  officers  at  our  January  meetmg. 

Ronnie  Easier,  secretai-y 
note  .  .  .  This  missive  looks  like  a  bit  of  Florida  i^ropa- 
;anda,  but  the  northern  "supreme  court"  decided  to  pub- 
ish  it  anyway.  As  I  write  this  comment,  snow  is  falling 
is  well  as  the  temperature  and  there  is  eveiy  prospect  for 
I  "White  Christmas"  ...  we  call  it  "the  beautiful." 

ye  ed 


THE  SOUTH  BEND  LAYIVIEN  have  continued  to  be 
active  in  the  program  and  work  of  the  church. 
Dur  activities  have  been  constructi\-e,  promotional  and 
social.  We  have  combined  the  three  wherever  possible. 

Last  fall  a  series  of  work  nights  was  scheduled.  The 
aymen  removed  and  replaced  the  pews  during  the  lay- 
ng  of  the  new  carpet. 

Laymen  Nordblad,  Curtis,  Jones  and  Yoder  have  re- 
nodeled  the  kitchen. 

Much  of  the  church  interior  has  been  washed  and 
ladnted.  Draperies,  made  by  our  ladles,  were  hung  on  the 
lew  tracks. 

On  each  night,  many  of  our  ladies  were  present  to 
issist  and  ser\'e  refreshments.  This  work  was  directed  by 
)ur  project  chairman  Bert  Noi-dblad  and  the  building 
'ommittee  chaii-man  Ivan  Crafoot. 

Re\-.  Virgil  Ingraham  was  otu-  speaker  in  October.  The 
aymen  had  invited  the  entire  congregation  and  a  good 
lumber  had  attended.  It  was  an  evening  of  inspiration,  ed- 
ucation and  fellowship. 

In  November  the  laymen  sponsored  a  trip  to  the  Ft. 
A''ayne  CoUeseum  and  the  performance  of  Holiday  on  Ice. 
Some  seventy-one  membei^s  enjoyed  the  trip. 

On  December  17,  the  annual  Christmas  Party  was  held. 
iiev.  Richard  Allison  was  the  featured  speaker.  Again  the 
.■ongregation  was  invited.   Rev.  Allison's  presentation  was 

the  Christmas  story  based  on  pictures  he  took  while  on 
the  Seminary  Holy  Land  tour. 

On  December  14  three  of  oiu-  men  transported  a  truck 
load  of  new  and  used  clothing  to  Kentucky. 

In  view  of  the  importance  of  the  ushers,  the  men  have 
posted  a  list  of  volimteers  for  each  Sunday.  These  men 
are  to  act  as  grecters  before  and  after  each  sei-\ice.  Wc 
feel  this  is  to  be  most  important.  Each  Tuesday,  when 
there  is  no  conflict  with  other  church  activities,  our  vol- 
unteer Men's  Fellowsliip  meet  in  a  cottage-type  prayer 
and  study.   A  spiritual  lift  is  experienced  a;t  each  meeting. 

We  are  most  happy  at  the  response  of  our  men  and  the 
sizeable  group  that  respond. 

Donald  KoUar.  secretary. 


Miami,  Fla.  (EP)  —  All  Dade 
County  employees  of  the  U.S.  Health, 
Education  and  Welfare  Department 
here  were  cautioned  about  celebrat- 
ing Christmas  irregularly  this  year. 

The  Miami  Herald  carried  the  fol- 
lowing spoof,  allegedly  in  accordance 
with  Title  II  of  the  Civil  Rights  Act: 

1.  All  Christmas  trees  must  have 
at  least  23.4  per  cent  colored  bulbs 
and  must  be  placed  throughout  the 
tree  and  not  segregated  in  back  of 
the  tree. 

2.  Ohristmas  presents  cannot  be 
wrapped  in  white  paper.  However, 
interim  approval  can  be  given  if  col- 
ored ribbon  is  used  to  tie  them. 

3.  If  a  manger  scene  is  used,  20 
percent  of  the  angels  and  one  of  the 
Three  Kings  must  be  of  a  minority 

4.  If  Cliristmas  music  is  played, 
"We  Shall  Overcome"  must  be  given 
equal  time.  Under  no  circumstances 
is  "I'm  Dreaming  Of  A  White  Christ- 
mas" to  be  played. 

5.  Care  should  be  taken  in  party 
planning.  For  example:  Use  pink 
champagne  instead  of  white.  Turkey 
may  be  ser\-ed  but  only  if  white  and 
dark  meat  are  on  the  same  platter. 
There  will  be  no  separate  but  equal 
portions  permitted.  Use  chocolate 
royale  ice  cream  instead  of  vanilla. 
Both  chocolate  and  white  milk  must 
be  served.  There  wUl  be  no  freedom 
of  choice  plan.  Milk  will  be  served 
without  regard  to  color. 

A  team  from  the  Office  of  Health, 
Education  and  Welfare  wUl  visit  us 
on  December  25  to  determine  our 
compliance  with  the  Act. 

If  it  snows  on  Christmas,  we  aj-e  in 
trouble ! 

Page  Thirty 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 




by  REV.    FRED    BURKEY 

A  PROVOCATIVE  article  eriUbled,  "What's  on  the 
Horizon  in  tlie  70's  ...  on  the  Social  Scene"  ap- 
peared in  a  recent  issue  of  Church  Administration  maga- 
zine. The  author,  Albert  McClellan  said,  "None  but  the 
foolish  would  try  to  predict  the  future.  We  know  this 
and  try  it  anyway." 

Cei'tainly  it  is  time  that  we  take  notice  of  the  facts 
relating  to  our  rapidly  chcinging  world  and  try  to  discov- 
er how  we  can  more  effectively  minister  to  space-age 

Mr.  McClellan  cites  foui-  great  fiicts  that  must  be  con- 
sidered as  we  share  our  ministi-y.  First,  is  the  fact  of  the 
incomprehensible  change  in  population.  By  the  year 
2000,  the  population  of  the  U.S.  will  double.  By  that 
time  the  editor  of  the  General  Electric  Forum  said,  "we 
will  have  to  buUd  housing  and  community  facilities  equal 
to  all  those  that  have  Ijeen  built  since  the  first  settler 

This  means  that  a  new  nation  will  literally  be  con- 
structed in  our  time  —  a  nation  which  must  liear  the 

The  second  fact  is  that  the  70's  will  pnxluce  a  "liigh 
energy  ci\-ilization."  The  computer  will  compound  man's 
mental  capabilities.  Electix>nics  will  enable  him  to  speak 
to  aU  the  world.  Jet  travel  will  make  tlie  world  a  still 
smaller  place. 

Third,  considerably  more  than  lialf  the  world's  popula- 
tion will  be  under  twenty-five  years  of  age.  This  trend 
has  already  made  an  impact  in  the  fields  of  politics, 
entertainment  and    clothing   designs. 

Finally,  everything  traditional  is  being  cliallenged. 
"The  new  morality  rebels  against  traditional  chastity, 
the  now  theology  against  traditional  religion,  and  the 
new  education  against  the  traditional  place  of  the  church 
in   value   buUding." 

No  great  stretch  of  the  imagination  is  required  to  see 
that  we  are  in  the  midst  of  a  revolutionary  age.  But 
what  does  this  mean  for  the  Christian  educator? 

One  thing  it  does  not  mean  is  that  we  may  continue 
doing  things  as  they  ha\-e  always  been  done.  George  N. 
Patterson  wrote  in  the  No\'ember  22,  1968,  issue  of 
Christianity  Today : 

"In  the  Industrial  Re\-olution  of  the  nineteenth  cen- 
tury. Christian  leaders  were  quick  to  see  the  advan- 
tages of  harnessing,  proliferating  industrial  wealth, 
transport  developments,  medicad,  social,  and  educa- 
tional advances,  and  a  reasonably  secure  worldwide 
political  system  to  the  Christian  Gospel  —  and  the 
effective  m'issions  system  was  born.  But  where  are 
the  Christian  leaders  who  ai-e  pondering  the  signifi- 
cance and  possible  uses  of  the  Communications  Revo- 
lution in  spreading  the  Christian  Gospel  in  the  Twen- 
tieth  century?" 

He  also  points  out  that  with  the  Communications  Rev- 
olution will  come  more  pictures  and  less  print;  more  talk- 
ing and  less  walking;  more  electi-onic  signals  and  less 
paper;  more  private  communication  and  mo>re  mass 

The  communicatioins  satellites  we  now  have  possess 
1200  operating  circuits;  by  1975  the.\-  wUI  have  5000  cir- 
cuits. Patterson  says  that  as  "more  powerful  satellites 
are  launched,  recciNdng  stations  will  become  cheaper  .  .  . 
what  is  now  envishioned  is  a  home  television  set  as  a  re- 
ceiver, in  a  version  much  cheaper  —  one  costing  about 
$50  —  than  what  is  now  a\-ailable." 

Such  systems  are  no  longer  Just  dreams;  they  wiill 
soon  be  a  reality.  The  challenge  is  for  Christian  educa- 
tors to  get  ready  now  for  the  great  oppowtunities  whidhi 
lie  just  ahead  in  the  field  of  communicaitions. 

How  should  we  prepare  for  them?  Here  are  some  sug-i 
gestions:  (1)  Avoid  change  for  change's  sake  but  never- 
slirink  from  the  challenges  of  the  age.  (2)  Be  conttnual'liy- 
studying  programs  and  procedures  both  to  doterminei 
I  heir  effectiveness  and  their  consistency  with  our  theolag-; 
ical  position.  (3)  Seek  a  natural  entrance  into  the  "sec- 
ular society"  and  avoid  the  development  of  Christiani 
gheittos.  (4)  Build  up  the  Church  —  which  is  the  body 
of  Christ  —  and  help  it  focus  itself  on  its  ministry  and: 
mission  in  the  world.  We  must  determine  first  what 
needs  to  be  done  in  communicating  the  Gospel  and  theni 
do  it.  Highly  trained  Christian  laymen  probably  hold  the 
key  to  the  church's  entrance  into  mass  media  as  they 
jiossess  the  needed  skills. 

Since  we  can  only  teach  those  whose  attention  we  can' 

January  18,  1969 

Page  Thirty-one 

captui-e,  our  efforts  must  be  attractive  and  well  sup- 
plied with  good  pictures;  we  must  reach  people  where 
they  live  —  at  home  —  by  appropriate  use  of  mass  me- 
dia; and  we  musit  be  willing  to  teach  more  by  our  being 
than  by  our  words. 

Certainly  Christian  education  can  make  better  use  of 
audio  \'isual  aids  of  all  sorts  and  be  alert  to  new  media 
being  developed  which  will  help  us  reach  an  increasing 
population  for  Christ.  The  possibilities  of  the  future  are 


SINCE  September  our  youth  group  of  the  First  Breth- 
ren Church  in  Pleasant  Hill,  Ohio,  has  been  quite 
busy  under  the  leadership  of  our  advisor,  Maxine  Del- 
camp,  and  our  new  officers.  Our  attendance  has  in- 
creased greatly,  \'ai-ying  between  eleven  and  nineteen 
members  at  each  meeting.  On  September  28  we  babysat 
for  one  of  the  church's  classes  whioli  was  having  a  party. 

October  5  we  had  a  boiwling  party,  October  13  we  bad 
our  annual  \-isitation  program  aimed  to  get  new  members 
into  our  group,  October  18  we  had  a  birthday  parti>-  for 
our  advisor  Maxine  Delcamp,  October  25  we  sponsored 
a  Halloween  party  for  our  entire  church,  ajid  late  in 
October  we  were  asked  to  work  in  Vu-gU  Sliauer's  roses 
and  ready  them  for  winter  since  he  was  unable  himse'If. 
We  again  bal>ysat  for  one  of  the  church's  classes  while 
they  had  their  Halloween  party. 

On  Noi\'ember  16  we  toiok  a  college  toiu'  of  Erlham, 
and  on  No\-ember  21  we  raked  the  ohurdi  grounds  for 
the  caretaker. 

December  tlie  first  was  our  public  service  which  in- 
cluded a  choral  reading.  After  this  service  we  sponsored 
a  fellowsliip  and  food  shower  welcorning  our  new  pastor, 
Rev.  Gene  Eckerley  and  his  wife  and  son.  December  15 
we  gave  a  Cliristmas  program  for  Virgil  Shauer  one 
of  the  church's  sliut-ins.  December  21  we  were  invited 
to  a  Christmas  party  given  for  the  BYC  groups  of  the 
four  churches  in  town.  December  23  was  our  youth 
group's   Christmas   party. 

On  January  26  the  Ashland  Alplia  Theta  Gospel  Team 
is  coming  to  our  town  for  an  informal  singspiration  and 
fellowship  with  other  local  cliurches. 

Our  goal  this  year  for  our  project  is  $800.    We  have 
already  reached  the  halfnway  mark  of  this  amount.  We 
are   having   a   lot  of   fun   while  doing   various  jobs   and 
services  between  our  pizza  parties  and  activities. 
—  Elaine  Deeter,  secretary 


BEFORE  our  regular  meetings  started,  the  Smith\-illc 
Senior  youth  group  had  two  get-togethers.  On 
September  14th,  we  met  at  the  home  of  Rev.  and  Mrs. 
Rinehart.  The  primary  reason  for  this  party  was  to  get 
acquainted    with    three    members    from    the    "Up    With 

People"  cast.  In  this  case,  they  were  all  gii-ls,  but  their 
enthusiasm  and  talent  were  accepted  by  all  of  us  — 
especially  the  boys.  We  played  volleyball  and  ate  a  pic- 
nic-style supper.  We  then  discussed  our  youth  project, 
a  trip  to  Tucson,  and  listened  to  the  BUI  Cosby  record 
of  Noah.    Favorite  songs  were  sung  by  all. 

On  September  22nd  we  had  a  youth  retreat  at  Camp 
Bethany.  Thirty-six  kids,  including  adv^isors,  attended. 
Recreation  continued  throughout  the  day  with  a  wiener 
roast  summing  up  the  activities.  But  the  real  beginning 
was  our  election  of  officers: 

President    Doug   Druslial 

■Vice  President Terry  McConahay 

Secretai-y    Phyllis    Glasgo 

Treasurer    Kathy   Weber 

We  also  sponsored  a  Hobo  Supper  and  Slave  Auction 
during  the  first  part  of  Octoiljer,  in  which  evei^yone  came 
dressed  as  a  hobo,  ready  to  participate  in  the  fim.  Fol- 
lowing supper,  the  youth  were  sold  to  anyone  that  wanted 
to  buy  a  slave  to  work  for  them. 

A  hayi-ide  held  at  the  home  of  Maiia  Miller  constituted 
our  second  major  party.  Friends  and  dates  of  the  youth 
were  invited. 

Probably  the  neatest  tiring  we  have  done  to  date  was 
to  serve  as  host  to  the  Negro  choir  from  the  Wooster 
Second  Baptist  Chiu-ch.  The  Gospel  Chorus  presented 
a  program  of  Negro  Spirituals  at  our  church  on  the  e\'e- 
ning  of  November  24th.  Following  the  program,  the 
youth  served  refreslmients.  which  gave  the  chorus,  church 
members  and  friends  from  the  community  an  opportunity 
to   get   acquainted. 

—  Phyllis  Glasgo  secretar\- 


npHE  VINCO  BYC  has  started  out  with  ajiother  excit- 
1      ing  and  thrilling  year  and  hope  to  continue  as  such. 

We  began  the  year  with  election  of  officers  —  they  are 
as  follows : 

President Michele  Baker 

Secretary    Margaret    Gillespie 

Treasurer Jeamrie  Bobenage. 

Our  advisors,  Mrs.  Ruby  Bates  and  Mrs.  Marge  Gilles- 
pie, help  to  plan  different  programs  each  week.  This 
year  one  of  the  highlights  was  an  exciting  hayride  which 
both  the  Jimior  and  Intermediate  BYC'ers  enjoyed. 

Our  evangelist,  Rev.  Carl  Philips,  visited  and  talked 
with  us  at  one  of  our  meetings. 

In  November  each  member  donated  two  yards  of  ma- 
terial to  send  to  Miss  Lowery's  sewing  class  in  Krypton, 

The  Birth  of  Christ  was  presented  by  Mrs.  Harold 
Parks,  Jr.  in  the  form  of  a  "chalk-talk."  This  illustration 
of  the  birth  of  our  Lord  was  well  recei\'ed  by  the  three 
BYC  groups. 

We  have  just  coimpleted  a  contest,  each  member  work- 
ing with  extra  effort  as  they  accumulated  points  through 
going  to  church  regularly,  bringing  \-isitors,  reading  Bi- 
ble verses  and  many  otlier  things  to  try  to  get  the  most 
points  for  their  teams,  but  most  of  all  to  make  each  one 
a  stronger  witness. 

—  Michele  Baker,  president 

Page  Thirty-two 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

'Written       by      a      master      Biblical 
scholar,    this    commentary    provides 
unexcelled    reference    material." 

Adam    Clarke's   Commentary 
One   Volume    Edition 

ONLY  $11.95 

1350   pages 

0  Clear  and  helpful  Introduction 
to  each  Bible  book. 

0  Handsomely  bound  in  a  fine 
quality  blue  Buckrum-finish  cloth 
with  14-karat  gold  leaf  stamp- 
ing. End  sheets  and  top  edge 
are  tinted. 


Now  -  in  a  ONE  VOLUME  EDITION 
Adam  Clarke's  Commentary 

at  an  attractive  low  price  i 


The  rich  and  scholarly  six  volume  commentary  of  Aciam 
Clarke,  sititfully  abridgecj  to  a  single  volume  of  1350 
pages  by  Ralph   Earle.  Th.D. 


Adam  Clarke's  monumental  commentary  on  the  Bible  has 
been  a  standard  reference  work  for  over  a  century.  Now 
it  promises  even  greater  usefulness  in  this  new  one 
volume  edition! 

The  actual  words  of  Adam  Clarke  have  not  been 
changed,  except  in  a  very  few  instances  where  there 
has  been  some  modernization  of  expression  or  where 
a  word  or  so  has  been  inserted  in  brackets  to  complete 
the  sense  when  there  was  deletion  of  original  text.  Thus, 
the  great  scholar  is  allowed  to  speak  for  himself. 
Much  material  that  is  "dated"  or  is  extraneous  to  the 
needs  of  the  reader  today  has  been  eliminated.  Readers 
will  rejoice  that  Adam  Clarke  takes  on  even  greater 
meaning    in   this   careful    and    loving    abridgement. 


"Dr.  Ralph  Earle's  condensation  of  Clarke's  Commentary 
puts  us  all  in  his  debt."  —  Delbert  R.  Rose,  Asbury 
Theological   Seminary. 

"This  monumental  work  for  a  century  and  a  half  has 
been  recognized  as  a  standard  authority.  In  a  ministry 
of  more  than  a  half  century  I  have  consulted  Clarke  with 
pleasure  and  profit."  —  B.  C.  Goodpasture,  Church  of 

Order  from 





524   College  Ave. 

Ashland.   Ohio 






Vol.  XCI 

February  1,   1969 

No.  3 


icir^at  =Hip  I 

I    ST 


Editor  of  Publications   Rev.  Sp&ncer  Gentle 

Board  of  Editorial  Consultants 

Woman's  Missionary  Society 

Mrs.  Charlene  Rowser 
National  Laymen's  Organization 

Mr.  Floyd  Benshoff 

Missionary  Board   Mrs.  Marion  M.  Mellinger 

Sisterhood   Miss  Kathy  Miller 

Board  of  Christian  Education: 

Youth  Commission Miss  Beverly  Summy 

Adult  Commission   Rev.  Fred  Burkey 

Published  biweekly   {twenty-six  issues  per  year) 

524  College  Avenue 

Ashland,  Ohio  44805 

Phone:  323-7271 

TeiTns  of  Subscription: 
$4.00  per  yeair  sing'le  subscription 

Entered  as  second  class  postage  paid  at  Ashland, 
Ohio.  Accejjted  for  maUing  at  special  rate,  section 
1103,  Act  of  Oct.  3,  1917.   Authorized  Sept.  3,  1928. 

Change  of  Address:  In  orderinig  change  of  ad- 
dress, please  notify  at  least  three  weeks  in  advance, 
giving  both  old  and  new  address. 

Remittances:  Send  all  money,  business  communi- 
cations  and  contributed  articles   to  above   address. 

Prudential  Coniiiiitt^e : 

Elton  Whiitted,  President;  Richard  Poorbaugh, 
Vice  President;   Rev.   George  W.  Solomon. 

In   This   Issue: 

Notes    and    Comments    2 

Editorial:    "The   Brethi-en's   Home"    3 

Tlie  Benevolent  Board  Promotional  Material  ....   4 

"Movement  of  the  Spirit  in  Brethren  Missions" 
by  Prasantha  Kumar  Kadmiel   14 

Leap  from  frog  to  man 

Genetics  Bid  for  "Immortality"   16 

The  Missionary  Board    17 

News  from  the  Brethren   20 

Keystone   Konier    21 

Lathrop,  California,  Report   22 

The  View  from  the  Pew   22 

World  Religious  News  in  Review  23 

The  Brethren  Layman   25 

I  Was  Thinking  — 
by  Mrs.  Howard  Winfield  26 

The  Board  of  Christian  Education   27 

Sisterhood     31 



2nd  Quarter 

TT  IS  MY  PRIVILEGE  to  again  report  the  aotivi 
ties  of  the   Brethren   Publishing  Company  to  it;; 
preferred  shareholders. 

The  past  quarter,  which  ended  December  31,  hasi 
been  a  busy  one.  The  much-needed  and  long-overdut. 
transition  to  offset  printing  was  started  with  thd 
ordering  of  a  Davidson  600  offset  press  and  thd 
necessary  photographic  and  plate-making  equipi 
ment.  This  press  will  not  print  The  Brethren  Evan-) 
gelist,  except  for  possibly  some  center  spread  in 
serfs  and  perhaps  some  covers,  but  it  is  a  very  vita; 
adjunct  to  our  job-printing  department.  It  is  also  £ 
start  in  offset  which,  when  the  techniques  arc 
learned,  may  lead  to  offset  for  The  Brethren  Evan, 
gelist.  In  the  meantime,  v^ith  one  rather  substantia; 
investment  in  the  two-color  Miehle  antl  the  type 
setting  machines,  it  is  felt  advisable  to  continue  t( 
produce  the  magazine  on  letterpress.  I 

We  have  also  added  an  automatic  10"  x  15"  Heidi* 
elberg  platen  press,  a  press  which  has  the  reputa, 
tion  of  being  the  best  money-maker  in  the  jo)> 
printing  business.  The  modernization  of  the  jol 
plant  was  a  necessity  if  we  were  able  to  continud 
to  print  our  Brethren  literature,  for  tlie  job  plani 
and  the  Brethren  Book  Store  make  up  The  Breth< 
ren  Evangelist  deficit  each  year,  a  deficit  whicl: 
usually  runs  over  $10,000. 

We  hope  to  also  make  this  operation,  that  of  pubi 
lishing  The  Brethren  Evangelist,  more  economical 
by  increasing  our  circulation.  Plans  for  the  Sister: 
hood  Evangelist  Sales  were  completed  and  matei 
rials  have  been  sent  to  the  girls  over  the  brother 
hood.  We  hope  and  pray  that  this  effort  will  bi 
successful  and  nicrease  our  circulation  to  over  6,000'J 
This  would  just  about  take  the  magazine  to  tin 
break-even  point.  Any  support  you  can  give  to  thi 
girls  will  be  appreciated.  I 

The  Brethren  Publishing  Company  General  Im' 
provement  Bond  sale  is  also  underway.  To  date  W' 
have  in  hand  $7,500  in  sales  and  promises  of  $6,00i 
more.  We  must  have  $17,000  to  buy  the  new  equipi 
ment  and  we  hope  to  subscribe  up  to  $25,000  in 
order  that  we  can  also  retire  our  high  interest  bond 
loans.  You  can  help  here  to  Invest  in  a  Brethrei 

Personnel  continues  to  be  a  major  problem.  Ou« 
second  pressman  was  ill  during  most  of  the  quarter 
and  was  eventually  called  to  his  Lord.  His  absence 
put  a  double  burden  on  the  rest  of  the  staff,  no 
only  resulting  in  costly  overtime  but  also  delayinji 
some  of  our  schedules.  We  need  a  replacement  here 
preferably  a  man  with  offset  experience. 

We  also  lost  our  linotype  operator,  except  on 
part  time  basis,  but  we  hope  this  position  will  bl 
filled  by  a  former  employee  just  returned  from  th' 

Mr.  Paul  Clapper  continues  to  assist  us  in  managi 
ing  the  print  shop,  on  a  one-day-a-week  basis,  but 

(Continued  on  next  page) 

February  1,  1969 

Page  Three 



Tlie   TBrethrens   Home 

nPHIS  PAST  YEAR  has  been  a  great  year  for 
■*■  the  Brethren's  Home!  The  denomination  has 
seen  the  reahty  of  a  new  liome  for  our  elder  citi- 
zens. Tiiis  liome  is  modern  in  every  respect  and  is 
well  equipped  with  the  latest  in  necessary  furni- 
ture and  equipment.  The  board  has  placed  the 
home  on  a  sound  financial  basis  and  established 
fees  that  are  fair  to  all  residents  of  the  home.  At 
the  moment  the  home  is  filled  to  capacity  and 
there  is  a  waiting  list. 

The  Boai'd  is  to  be  commended  upon  the  fine 
work  which  they  have  done  in  planning  and  build- 
ing these  past  few  years. 

As  you  read  the  promotional  materials  in  this 
issue  of  The  Brethren  Evangelist  you  will  note 
that  the  Board  is  interested  in  establishing  such 
homes  in  other  districts  of  our  denomination.  This 
is  a  very  wise  move.  There  ai'e  Brethren  who 
would  be  happy  to  move  into  such  a  home  if  it 
were  not  so  far  from  their  local  circumstance. 
After  having  lived  in  a  community  for  many  years 
it  is  difficult  for  a  person  to  go  into  another  state 
to  live  in  a  regulated  home.  However,  if  the  home 
was  located  just  a  few  miles  from  where  a  person 

has  lived  most  of  his  life,  or  even  in  the  same 
state,  it  is  much  easier  to  enter  a  retirement 
home.  We  pastors  who  have  had  any  experience 
in  giving  assistance  to  an  elderly  person  who  has 
moved  a  distance  from  home  to  Flora,  Indiana, 
can  appreciate  the  advisability  of  organizing  re- 
tirement homes  in  the  various  districts. 

The  Benevolent  Board  also  gives  assistance  to 
the  older  ministers  in  our  denomination  which 
financial  assistance  must  come  from  the  ofi'erings 
which  we  send  them.  These  ai'e  ministers  who 
were  too  old  to  enter  into  the  retirement  plan 
which  was  instituted  in  the  denomination  several 
years  ago.  The  amount  that  each  recipient  re- 
ceives is  very  small  but  it  helps  with  the  expenses 
of  living.  These  men  have  served  our  church  well 
in  the  past  and  they  desen'e  this  assistance  —  we 
cannot  let  them  down! 

Every  Brethren  should  support  the  program  of 
the  Benevolent  Board  as  they  continue  to  pro- 
mote a  forward  looking  program  for  the  Brethren 

"Happiness  is"  giving  support  to  this  board, 
both  prayerfully  and  financially! 

(Continued  from   page   2) 
full-time  man  is  needed  if  we  are  to  move  forward. 
We  solicit  your  prayers  for  these  concerns. 

In  spite  of  all  difficulties  we  again  ended  tlie 
quarter  in  the  black.  The  Book  Store  net  is  down 
some  caused  by  late  billing,  aud  we  expect  to  catch 
this  up  the  third  quaiter.  Our  long-term  debt,  ex- 
clusive of  the  Bond  Sales,  now  stands  at  $17,300. 

The  profit  and  loss  statement  for  the  2nd  quarter 
and  the  first  six  months  is  shown  below. 

2nd  quarter     6  months 
Total  Sales  $39,800.64     $72,829.68 

Commission  Goods 

(Book  Store) 



Job  Printing 



The  Brethren  Evangelist 



Rental  Pi-operties 



$  1,945.10 

$  4,901.70 

General  Expenses 



Net   Profit  — 2nd  quarter 

$  1,137.88 

Net  Profit  — 6  months 

$  3,529.19 

Elton  Whitted,  President 

Page  Four 

iTiifi^Unei^  i^  -  - 



by  Dorman  Ronk 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

new  Home  in  May,  1968,  the 
Brethren's  Home  Board  entered  in/to 
a  new  area  of  service  to  our  retired 
Brethren.  The  new  Home  with  its 
beauty  and  usefulness  offems  the  best 
in  oare  for  retired  aod  nursing  resi- 
dents. As  we  look  baclc  oveir  tihe 
years  of  planning  this  Home,  we 
are  very  thankful  for  a  Heavenly 
Father  who  continually  lead  us  to  be 
His  helping  hands  in  this  rewarding 

As  the  Boai'd  continues  to  seek 
ways  to  e.N:pand  our  work  in  the  field 
of  retirement  housing,  new  doors  are 
cpening  for  us.  Brethren  from  other 
districts  are  requesting  retirement 
hom:es  in  their  areas.  This  is  encour- 
aiging!  Because  the  federal  govern- 
ment offers  assistance  for  retirement 
hoiusiing,  we  may  have  the  oppoirtunity 
to  build  several  retirement  hoimes. 

A  number  of  Brethren  in  the  Ash- 
land area  are  \'erj'  anxious  for  a 
Brethren  Retirement  Home  to  be  lo- 
cated here.  In  the  past  months  the 
city  of  Ashland  has  been  seeikiing 
coimsei  from  The  Brethren  Benevo- 
lent Board  and  olther  non-profit 
groups  for  retirement  housing.  The 
federcd  government  will  lend  money 
at  low  interest  for  long  tei"ms,  and 
will  help  with  rent  payments  for  re- 
tirees with  low  incomes.  With  this 
assistance,  a  Brethi-en  Reitirement 
Home  is  being  considered,  and  per- 
haps some  definite  plans  can  be  an- 
nounced at  General  Conference  in 

:\Iore  urgent  than  maintaining 
nursing  homes  is  the  ne;d  for  retire- 
ment homes.  Couples  retiring  at  a 
young  middle^age,  widows  and  widow- 
ers desire  the  freedom  from  some 
choices  w'hiCh  belong  to  houses: 
lea\'es,  snow,  taxes,  upkeep,  etc.  A 
retirement  home  where  this  is  furn- 
ished can  leave  them  free  for  pursu- 
ing other  interests  and  desires.  As 
Christians  it  is  our  responsibtUtiy  to 
extend  Christ's  love  and  care  in  this 
area  of  concern.  Surely  a  non-profit 
Christian  home  can  be  more  alttrac- 
tive  than  a  profit-making  home,  be- 
cause of  the  peace  and  love  Which 
radiate  from  within. 

It  is  passible  to  have  Brethren  Re- 
tirement Hornes  in  many  ai"^eas  of  our 
country  in  just  a  few  years.  If  your 
community  has  beco'me  conceaTied 
about  the  need  for  retii'^menit  hous- 
ing, please  contact  us.  This  may  be 
another  open  door  for  happiness. 

February   1,   1969 

iTd^i^neA^  i4.  -  - 


Page  Five 

appreciative  of  tlie  unselfish  worl^  of 
Rev.  and  IMrs.  Livingston  as  Admin- 
istrator and  Matron  of  Tlie  Home. 

Tlie  building-  jn-ogram  was  spurred 
ahead  because  of  their  diligent  and 
strenuous  work.  The  long  hours  and 
crowded  schedules  were  over-balanced 
with  their  Christ-like  love  and  devo- 
tion. Their  God-given  talents  are  cer- 
tainly used  in  service  to  those  in  need. 

May  God  continue  to  bless  their  la- 
bors as  they  continue  to  serve  Him 

Dornian  L.  Ronk,  President 

iTO^^i^Une^A  64  -  - 


THE  BEAUTY  of  the  spring  day  — 
May  5,  1968  —  was  ajiother  evidence 
that  God  was  smiling  on  the  Bretha'en  who 
had  planned  and  laboured  so  strenuouslj- 
for  the  new  Brethren's  Heme.   People  from 
tlie  immediate  \-icinity  of  Flora,  throughout 
the  state  of  Indiana,  and  many  fn:m  Ohio 
gathered  on  the  front  lawn  of  the  former 
Home  fO'r  the  dedicating  ajid  setting  aside 
the  new  Home  for  the  retirement  years  of 
its  residents. 

Special  guests  who  gave  greetings  and 
cungraiculatio'iis  to  the  deno^munation  for 
tills  special  imder taking  were:   Mr.  G.  H. 
Haines,  representing  the  city  of  Flora ;  Rev. 
Woodrow  Immel,  the  Moderator  of  the 
Indiana  District  of  The  Brethren  Churches; 
Mrs.  Howard  Winfield,  the  President  of 
the  National  Wcman's  Missioinary  Society: 
Mr.  Orus  Essli.  tlie  architect  fixwn  Fort 
Wayne,  Intiiana:  and  Mr.  Albert  Schrock, 
the  general  c  .instruction  superintendent 
of  The  Home. 

Former  and  present  members  of  The 
Benevolent  Boai-d  who  have  coopei-atively 
worked  on  this  pi-oject  were  introduced 
Ijy  DoiTuan  Ronk.   The  Litany  of 
Dedication  was  led  by  Rew  Jo'hn  Byler, 
the  Moderator  of  the  General  Conference 
of  The  Brediren  Church.  The  In\-ocation 
and  the  Prayer  of  Dedication  were  given  by 
Re\'.  W.  E.  Thomas  and  Rev.  Herbert 
GUmer,  respectively.   Following  the 
presentation  of  keys,  and  the  Benediction 
by  Rev.  Clarence  Kindley,  the  new  Home 
was  open  for  eveiyone  to  see. 

Although  some  of  the  furnisliings  had  not 
arrived  —  which  delayed  mo^x-ing  into  the 
Home  —  it  was  easy  for  visitors  to 
\'isualize  the  beds  (some  electrically 
operated),  the  comfortable  chairs  and  other 
furnishings.   Beneath  each  huge  window 
is  a  built^n  chest  of  drawers.  The  \-iew 
is  of  God's  acres  and  man's  liighway  in 
the  distance.  Each  rocm  is  equipped  witli 
a  lavatory,  air-conditioniing,  inter-com 
system  to  the  nurse's  desk,  plus  carpeting, 
draperies,  and  fui"nishings. 

A  special  room  is  designed  for  bathing 
bedfast  patients.   Equipment  is  installed 
for  lowering  and  raising  a  person  into  the 
tub.  Ano'ther  room  is  the  beailty  parlor 
for  the  ladies,  complete  with  shampoo 
sinks  and  a  drj'er.  The  kitchen  is  modern 
in  eveiy  detail  —  steam  tables,  electric 
rajiges,  cafeteria  serving  lines  —  all 
adjacent  to  the  dining  room  for  those  who 
do  not  need  to  be  ser\-ed  in  their  rooms. 
It  would  be  a  joy  to  eat  there! 

Page  Six 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

The  ladies  from  the  Brethren  Churoh  in 
New  Lebanon.  Ohio,  brought  refreshments 
of  cookies  and  punch  to  ser\'e  those  who 
attended  the  open  house.   Certainly  this 
was  a  kind  gesture  wtiich  everyone 

Words  of  praise  and  commendation 

were  generously  given  to  The  Brethren's 
Home  Board,  to  the  Architect  and  the 
Supei^intendent,  and  especially  to  Rev.  and 
Mrs.  Livingston,  the  Administrators  of 
The  Home.  Their  patience  and  strength, 
their  love  and  conceiTi  certainly  show  in 
their  care  for  others. 

"Giving  of  Keys"  picture: 

Foreground:     Domian  Roiik,  Rev.  William  Livingston,  Mrs.i 


Background:  Albert  Schrock,  Orus  Eash,  Rev.  John  Byler, 
G.  H.  Haines,  Rev.  W.  E.  Thomas,  Rev.  Woodrow  Immel 
and  Carl  Denlinger 


c^  — 


by  William  Livingston 

'"T'HE  PAST  YEAR  has  been  one 

1      that  wUl  go  down  in  Brethren 
History  as  a  yeai-  of  progress.  No 
one  knows  real  joy  untU  they  become 
a  part  of  something  that  is  moving. 
I  feel  real  soi-row  for  pereons  who 
sit  and  watch  the  world  go  by  and 
never  know  the  joy  of  real  service. 
The  sad  part  is  that  there  is  a  place 
for  everyone  in  the  work  for  oair 
Lord,  but  so  many  just  sit  and  let  the 
other  fellow  do  things  and  thereby 
miss  the  rewards  of  accamplishment. 
On  the  other  hand,  there  are  a  great 
many  who  became  a  part  of  God's 
work  and  have  the  saitisfaotion  of 
l^nowing  that  they  are  a  part  of 
"What  is  happening."  As  I  see  the 
things  that  are  taMng  place  within 

the  denomination  I  cannot  help  but 
feel  pride  and  a  wai-m  friends'hip  in 
our  Christian  endeavors.   It  seems 
there  is  building  and  growing  in 
almost  every  church  congregation. 
The  wonderful  growth  of  our 
Seminary  and  the  e.xplosion  at 
Ashlaiid  CoUege.  We  at  the  Hoime 
are  certainly  happy  tha;t  we  are 
keeping  pace.  We  are  especially 
pleased  that  in  all  the  e.\pansio>n,  the 
Brethren  people  have  held  the  HO'me 
high  on  the  list  of  endeavors.  It  has 
not  been  overshadowed  by  the  giT>wth 
in  the  home  church,  or  neglected  in 
your  prayei-s  and  financial  sup'port. 

Tliis  last  year  has  seen  the  sale 
of  the  old  furnishings  ft-om  the  old 
building  and  the  opening  of  the  new 

February  1,  1969 

Page  Seven 

faoiliities.  We  are  in  the  p'rocess  of 
taking  pictui-es  to  tell  the  story  of 
the  new  Home,  more  on  this  later. 

The  new  Home  has  been  filled  all 
but  a  few  days  now  and  then,  since 
its  opening  in  June  1968.  We  are 
licensed  for  37  pereons  and  have  that 
many  now  with  severed  on  the 
waiting  list.   Many  persons  have 
asked  about  the  requii-ements  for 
getting  into  the  Home.   As  times  and 
governmental  influence  have  dictated, 
the  requirements  for  entering  have 
changed.  The  old  "contract"  is  no 
longer  expedient,  and  it  has  boiled 
down  to  a  very  simple  charge,  by  the 
day  or  month.   If  a  person  does  not 
have  the  means  to  meet  the  current 
rates,  he  is  e.vpected  to  apply  for 
state  aid  in  the  form  of  old  age 
benefits  or  welfare.  The  rates  are  set 
and  approved  on  a  year-to^ear  basis 
by  the  Indiana  State  Welfare  Board. 
The  ciuTent  rates  are,  $6.70  per  day 
for  residential  and  $9.20  per  day  for 
comiM-ehensive  care.   By  the  month 
this  amoimts  to  $200  and  $275.  We 
are  open  to  persons  other  than 
Brethi'en;  however,  Bretliren  are 
given  preference  in  ail  cases. 

I  know  that  each  person  here  at 
the  Home  would  Uke  to  thank  each 
person  individually  who  has  had  any 
part  in  the  bountiful  Christmas  we 
enjoyed.   Both  the  members  and 
enaployees  appreciate  the  many 
remembrances  received  from  so 
many  wonderful  people.  Cards, 
letters,  and  gifts  all  go  to  make  life 

so  much  more  enjoyable.  Many  of 
the  chui'ches  near  by  have  been  here 
with  programs  of  song  and  cheer. 
How  about  your  ohuroh?  Could  you 
make  it? 

We  all  want  to  e.Kpress  a  special 
aijpreciation  to  all  those  who  have  a 
pari  in  the  radio  program 
"Foimdation  for  Faith."   We  have 
the  privilege  of  being  on  the  mailing 
list  and  have  the  program  each  week 
over  oui-  "closed  circuit  system." 
Mrs.  Oi-pha  Beekley,  who  wiU  be  94 
this  April,  is  quite  impressed  when 
she  heai-s  her  grandson  making 
announcements  over  our  P.A.  System. 
Both  the  members  of  our  Home  and 
the  employees  ai-e  Ufted  l>y  the 
wonderful  messages  in  song,  poem, 
and  sermon. 

We  now  have  20  regular  employees 
on  tlie  payroll.  Most  of  them  have 
been  with  us  for  some  time.   Nine 
have  been  here  more  than  a  year 
witli  four  having  worked  here  since 
1965.  The  rest  ha\'e  been  added  since 
moving  into  the  new  buUdmg.  I  have 
visited  many  nui-sing  and  retLrement 
homes  and  find  om-  employees  stand 
as  high  as  any,  and  higher  than  most. 
We  are  grateful  for  good  dependable 

We  ti"y  to  keep  the  churches  posted 
with  an  up-to-date  list  of  the  persons 
Ii\ang  here  along  with  their  birthdays. 
This  seems  to  be  the  best  way  to 
reach  everyone,  so  bring  your  lists 
up  to  date. 

Fanuary  24  Mrs.  Robert  Porte  (Grace) 

lanuary  30    Mr.   Charles   Wliarton 

^'ebruary  29 Miss   Edna  Allbaug'h 

Warch     3  Mr.  Roy  Stonebraker 

Vlarch     4    Mrs.   Mai-y   Maus 

March  10    iVIrs.   Pearl  Finch 

Vlarch  16    Mrs.   Lula   SneUenberger 

Vlarch  24   Mrs.  Hattie  Miller 

Vlarch  29    Mrs.  lona  Dobbins 

Vlarch  31   Mrs.  Pearl  Conrad 

4.pril  6    Mrs.    Orplia   Beekley 

^pril  6   Mrs.  Flossie  Clawson 

May     5    Mrs.   Bertha   Aiken 

Vlay     5    Mrs.  Hazel  Endler 

Vlay  23   Mrs.  Myrtle  Ralney 

Way  31    Miss   Dora  Wiseheart 

lime  16    Rev.   Robert   Porte 

luly    4    Mrs.  NeUie   Kurtz 

luly  11  Mrs.  Charles  Wharton  (Selesta) 

July  17   Aliss  Pearl  Rummel 

July  22    Mrs.   Ada   Schriml 

August    5    Mrs.   Lucy  Beck 

August  10  Mr.  Oscar  Scott 

August  22 Mrs.  Roy  Stonebraker  (Goldie) 

August  23    Mrs.  Oscar  Scott   (Saline) 

September     7    Mrs.   Florence  Gable 

September  18  Mrs.  Grace  Baxson 

September  19   Mrs.  Hatltie  Mann 

Ooto^ber    4   Mrs.  Jessie  Maus 

OotO'ber  15  Mrs.  May  Kreitzer 

October  23 Mre.  Nora  IMjUs 

November  5   Mrs.  Clai-a  Stouse 

November  18   Mrs.    Edith   Kroft 

No\ember  19   Mrs.   Ida   Rummel 

November  25   Mrs.   Maud   Clingenpeel 

December  25    Mrs.   Eva  Rummel 

December  27   Mrs.    Ona    Humbarger 

Thanks  again  to  all  who  have  made 
this  Home  a  reality,  and  liiey  are  so 
very  many,  God  bless  one  and  all. 

Page  Eight 

*i*^afi^ne4-^  c4  -  - 




by  Mrs.  Charles  R.  Munson 

The  Brethren  Evangelist! 

DURING  the  time  The  Brethren's  Home 
Board  was  planning  to  build  the 
new  residence,  it  was  a  deep  concern  as  to 
how  it  could  be  built  and  also  be  provided  I 
with  new  furnishings.    Many  individuals 
had   loaned  money  for  the  building 
program,  but  the  Board  did  not  want  to 
borrow   money   for  the  furnishings. 

A  request  for  a  financial  gift  for  a 
specific  item  was  sent  to  each  congregation,) 
based  upon  its  membership.  The  cost  of 
beds,  tables,  lamps,  chairs,  draperies, 
cabinets,  in  addition  to  kitchen,  dining 
room,  lounge,  and  office  equipment  was 
estimated  and  requested  from 

The  response  was  overwlielming  and 
very  gratifying.    Some  congregations  gave 
their  gifts  in  memory  or  in  honor  of  their 
members  who  lived  at   Tlie  Home,  or  who  i 
served  on  the  Board. 

The  Committee  selected  the  style  of  the 
furnishings,   and  as  the  financial  gifts 
were  received  the  items  were  ordered. 
This  was  additional  work  for  Rev. 
Livingston,  but  a  beautiful  home  is  the 
result  with  furnishings  that  are  needed 
and    harmonize. 

The  Lo-Bre-Lea  Sunday  School  Class  ofi 
the  Hillcrest  Brethren   Church  in  Dayton,  , 
Ohio,  gave  a  special  gift  —  a  new  piano. 
The  accompanying  picture  was  taken 
recently   when    the    piano   was    delivered. 
Think  of  the  constant  joy  that  this  gift 
will  bring  to  the  residents! 

The  Board  sincerely  thanks  each  personi 
auxiliary,   and  congregation   for  the  fine 
support  you  have  given.    There  have  beer 
so  many  ways  in  which  you  helped  to 
make  this  home  a  reality.    Do  stop  by  to  i 
\'isit  the  residents  at  The  Home.    Chat 
with  those  who  are  happy  because   you 

February   1,   19G9 

Page  Nine 

Happiness  is  ■  - 


by  Rev.  Marlin  McCann 


meohaiiizatloin  and  depersonalization  the 
Brethren  Church  has  an  ever-preseiut 
privilege  to  becc^me  involved  in  the  mission 
of  service.  The  man  says,  "Someone  help 
me!"  The  average  Christian  says,  "bet 
them!"  Our  aninvolvemenit  in  society  today 
far  outweighs  our  in\-olvemenit  when  it 
comes  to  dedicated  sei-vice  to  Christ.  We 

say  we  have  great  faith  and  thinly  great 
spiritual  thoughts,  but  when  a  challenge 
is  put  before  us,  oiur  faith  crumbles  and 
we  cannot  do  much  because,  after  all,  we 
are  Brethren. 

We  become  involved  in  the  missiom  of 
service  because  we  love  Christ.  We 
recognize  Christ  to  be  the  greatest  of  all 
servants,  and  so  we  try  to  corrmiit 
ourselves  to  His  service.  This  meajis  the 
mission  of  serving  people.   We  know  one 
of  tlio  greatest  responsibilities  is  giving 
for  missions.   Having  sent  people,  money 
and  prayei's  across  tllie  oceajis  and 
established  Jiew  churches  here,  we  come 
to  believe  oui-  respcaisibility  is  over  and 
notliing  else  is  needed. 

Fortunately,  there  ai-e  many  Bretiiren 
who  do  noit  think  and  act  this  way.  For 
these  the  mission  of  serving  is  Nigeria, 
ArgeJitina,  Kentucky,  building  new 
churches  .  .  .  and  parents,  grandpai'enfcs, 
friends  are  too  precious  not  to  be  cai-ed 
about.  How  do  we  shew  our  care?   How 
do  we  become  personally  involved  in  tlieir 
well-being?   We  liave  made  an  initial  step. 
The  response  to  the  new  Flora  Home  has 
been  most  heartwarming.   Olu'  loftiest 
thouglits  were  iturned  into  action  and 
reality.   For  this  we  are  nidst  thankful. 
The  residents  are  receiiving  the  personalized 
care  needed.  Not  only  does  the  A  &  P 
caa"e  —  we  oai'e. 

But  do  we  care  enough  —  enough  to  go 
aliead  and  reach  farther  —  enough  to 
involve  our  resources  and  ourselves  in 
this  mission  of  serving?   I  wish  I  could 
report  tiie  work  of  the  Benevolent  Board 
finished,  but  I  can't,  for  it  has  just  begun. 
We  iiave  caug'ht  sig'ht  of  tlie  mission  of 
ser\'ice.  We  are  coming  to  realize  the  vast 
poitcntials  and  the  tremendous  needs  of 
the  areias  in  which  we  live. 

But  it  costs  so  much !   The  converted 
house  is  about  as  adequate  a  facility  to 
run  a  nursing  liome  in  today  as  a  oiie-rooim 
Church  is  to  develop  a  program  of  Total 
Christian  Education.  The  concept  of 
Nursing  Homes  lias  vastly  changed.   I 
would  liave  you  read  an  article  in  the 
July,  1968  "Reader's  Digest"  entitled, 
"What  You  Should  Know  About  Nursing 
Homes"  (pp.  152-156)  for  an  eye  opener. 

The  respotnsibLLity  is  still  ours.   We  can 
borrow  government  moaiey  and  have 
citizens  of  local  areas  support  firaanoialiy, 
but  the  Christian  love  and  concern  —  the 
care  —  the  mission  of  service  —  still 
belongs  to  us.  It  is  the  part  we  can  play. 
It  can  be  part  of  our  involvement.  It  can, 
and  must,  and  will  involve  our  resources 
and  our  lives.   Let  it  no  longer  l:e  said 
that  the  BreWiren  can  do  noithing  —  we 
can.  But  is  it  enough?   Not  if  we  love 

Page  Ten 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Happiness  is  -  - 




by  Rev.  Fred  C.  Vanator 

FOR  A  GOOD  MANY  YEARS  it  was 
my  privilege  to  serve  as  the  president 
of  tlie  Brethren's  Home  ajid  Benevolent 
Boiard.  Wlien  I  decided  tliat  it  was  time 
to  retire,  the  Board  was  l<:ind  enough  to 
make  me  a  Life  Member  of  the  Board, 
which  I  vea-y  mucli  appreciated.  At  that 
time  we  had  decided  to  mal<e  our  home  in 
Saraso'ta,  Florida,  and  distance  now  put 
me  out  of  touch  with  the  activities  of 
the  Board.  But  this  did  not  divoi-ce  me 
from  a  vital  interesit  In  the  program  being 

As  time  went  on  duties  here  in  Sarasota, 
in  the  matter  of  establishing  the  Brethren 
Church  here  and  the  many  duties  to 
perform  ui  coinneotioji  with  this,  still 
further  separated  me  from  active 

participation  in  the  activities  of  the 
"Hoime  Board,"  but  my  interest  still 

At  last,  a  couple  of  years  ago,  I  had  the 
privilege  of  being  in  Flora  as  tlie  new 
Brethren's  Home  was  being  consti-ucted. 
I  was  amazed  at  its  completeness  and 
capability,  as  well  as  in  its  fine  planning. 
Now  that  it  is  in  operation  it  is  working 
even  better  than  I  had  anticipated. 

Now  I  have  been  asked  to  write  a  short 
plea  foir  continued  support  of  this,  our  own 
imstitu'fiion  of  love  and  care  for  our  Senior 
Citizens  who  are  there  now  and  those  who 
will  come  in  the  future. 

I  can  think  of  no  better  way  to  do  this 
than  to  refer  to  a  little  plaque  that  sat  on 
my  desk  in  the  Editoirial  Office  of  the 
Brethren  Publishing  Company  in  Ashland. 
This  was  what  it  said,  "To  see  a  need,  and 
recognize  it  as  a  need,  is  a  call  to  service.' 

The  need  for  care  has  always  been 
evident.  The  Board  has  seen  this  need  for 
years  and  has  recognized  this  need  in  all 
of  its  activities.  Best  of  all  it  has 
responded  to  that  call  to  serve.  This  call 
was  meit,  and  the  service  rendered  has 
brought  additional  responsibility  upon  the 
Board  both  morally  and  financially.  While 
this  Board  is  a  Corporation,  it  is  also  a 
creation  of  Genei'aJ  Coriference,  and  the 
Brethren  Churdhes  being  identified 
therewith  are  likewise  identified  with  its 
activities.  We,  as  individuals,  being  a 
part  of  the  local  church,  ai-e  accordingly 
made  a  part  of  this  responsibUity.  How 
far  have  we  all  gone  in  meeting  that 
responsibility?   Have  we  as  indi\'iduals 
seen  the  need?  Have  we  recognized  it  as 
a  need?   If  so,  it  must  certainly  become 
a  "call  to  service." 

The  Sarasota  Church  has  two  fuie 
friends  as  residents  of  tlie  new  Hoime  in 
the  person  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Oscar  Scott. 
These  two  people  had  a  very  definite 
place  in  the  organization  of  the  First 
Brethren  Church  of  Sarasota.   Oscar  was 
our  first  Sunday  school  superintendent. 
The  Scotts  were  long-time  winter  residents 
here.  In  a  recent  letter  at  Christmas  time 
we  found  these  words,  and  I  am  sure  the 
Scotts  will  not  resent  my  quoting  them. 
"Now  about  our  home  here.  We  are  very 
proud  to  be  here  and  grateful  to  the 
Brethren  for  such  a  home.  Since  we 
were  no  longer  able  to  take  care  of 
ourselves,  we  could  not  have  found  a  better 
place.  They  are  all  so  good  to  us  and  any 
time  we  need  help  they  are  here  to  help. 
We  like  Rev.  and  Mrs.  Livingston  very 
much."  This  is  one  living  testimony  to  the 
results  of  sei-vice  rendered. 

This  good  work  must  go  on.  It  can  only 
do  so  if  the  church  as  a  whole  gets 
behind  it  and  remains  behind  it. 

What  have  yoai  done?  Wha)t  wfll  you  do 


February  1,  1969 

Happiness  is 




by  Mrs.  Leonard  Mauzy 

an  active  board  ui  the  Brethren 
Church  for  a  number  of  years.  They  have 
mamtained  o<ur  Home  at  Flora,  Indiana, 
for  the  benefit  of  aged  Bre'Uireji  lay- 
membei'S,  and  ministers  and  tlieir  wives. 
They  have  given  monetary  help  to  our 
retired  ministers,  missionaries  and  their 
wives.  As  the  laws  of  the  sitate  of 
Indiana  liave  changed,  concerning  Homes 

Page  Eleven 

for  the  aged,  so  the  Brethren  Church  had 
to  make  a  change,  or  close  up  the  Home. 
The  only  solution  was  the  buUding  of  a 
new  Home  at  Flora.  Tliis  building  is 
completed  and  is  a  credit  to  the  Breltliren 
Churcli.   As  a  member  of  tliis  Board,  I 
feel  it  is  a  privilege  to  serve  the  I^ord  in 
this  way.   If  I  liave  been  of  any  help  in  a 
small  way,  in  attauiing  this  goial  of  a 
new  Home,  I  tlianl^  God  for  the 
opportunity  for  service. 

Our  buUding  is  not  fi-ee  of  debt,  and  you, 
as  Bretliri;n,  can  make  this  a  reality 
sooner  with  your  gifts  and  pledges  to  the 
Home.   If  you  are  in  the  vicinity  of  Flora, 
by  all  means  stop  and  go  through  the 
building.  I'm  sure  you  will  say  as  I  did, 
after  seeing  the  plans  completed,  "It  is  so 
wonderful  I  could  move  right  in."  Each 
rooim  has  an  outside  wall  that  is  nearly 
ail  one  large  window.  It  is  not  elaboirate 
buit  very  comfortable.  We  have  had 
representatives  from  other  denominations 
wlio  have  complimented  us  on  our  building. 
We  can  only  give  God  the  credit  for 
leading  us,  as  a  boai-d,  to  do  His  will.  We 
hcpe,  hi  tlie  near  future,  to  be  able  to 
provide  another  Home  in  another  state, 
such  as  the  Flora  Home. 

Once  agam  I  say  "Come  and  visit  the 
home"  then  go  back  to  your  congregatiom, 
tell  tliem  aljout  it,  pray  about  it,  and  give 
as  the  Lord  leads. 

Happiness  is  -  - 





by  D.  D.  Hossler 

"Honour-  tliy  fatlier  and  mother,  as  the 
LiOrd  thy  God  liath  commanded  thee;  tlrat 
thy  days  may  be  prolonged,  and  that  it 
may  go  well  with  thee,  in  the  land  wiiich 
the  Lord  thy  God  givebh  thee"  (Deut. 

Some  primitive  tribes  in  Africa,  we 
are  told,  dispose  of  their  old  people  by 
desertuig  them  to  the  elements.  When  a 
person  is  no  longer  able  to  take  care  of 
tliemselves,  they  ai-e  taken  to  a  lonely 
spot  in  the  jungle  and  left  there  to  die: 
sometimes  by  star\-a,tion  but  moi-e  often 
destroyed  by  the  wild  animals. 

In  American  Indian  lore,  we  learn  that 
when  tribes  were  on  the  move  and  an  old 
brave,  or  squaw,  could  not  go  on,  they 
left  them  on  the  trail  with  a  couple  of 
corn  cakes  and  a  little  water.  There  they 
waited  foi-  death. 

Our  Scripture  doesn't  say  that  we  should 
honor  our  parents  only  when  we  are 
cliildren  and  they  are  a.ble  to  pix>Vide  foa- 
us.  We  are  obUgated  to  honor  and  care 
fm-  tlicm  as  long  as  they  live. 

Page  Twelve 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

It  is  a  cuistoim  amoinig  our  Araisih 
bretihren  in  Indiana,  to  care  for  their  aged 
in  tlie  foUowing  manner :  When  pairanits 
get  too  Olid  to  farm,  tlie  eldest  son  and 
his  family  move  into  tlie  f?miUy  home'.  A 
smaller  house  is  built,  eiith:ir  oo'nnec-ted  to 
the  big  house,  or  dose  by.  This  is  called 
tile  "Doddy  house."  Here  the  old  people 
live  out  their  lives  in  com.fort  and  security. 

Can  wo  do  any  less  for  our  agiing 

In  this  busy,  bustling  space  age  in  which 
we  live,  we  Ivnow  we  cannot  adequately 
provide  for  their  comfoT't  in  our  own 
homes.   Our  Brethren  Church  is  pro^ud, 
and  justly  so,  of  om-  new  Brethren's 
Hoime  ait  Flora,  Indiana,  where  everytliing 
is  beiaig  dome  for  the  coimfoirt  and  welfare 
of  its  guesits. 

Evei-y  Brethren  should  consider  it  a 
privilege  to  support  this  wordhw'hile 
project,  and  pray  that  more  "Brethren's 

Homes"  might  be  buUt  m  the  future. 

FoUoiwing  is  a  testimonial  from  one 
wiho  cares: 

"From  one  who  is  enjoying  the  blessing 
and  comfort  of  knowing  that  a  loved  one 
is  being  cared  for  at  our  Home  for  the 
aged  at  Flora,  Indiana. 

"I  wish  to  commend  the  Bom-d  for  the 
vision  and  foresight  they  had,  and  the 
initiative  to  go  ahead  and  construct  this 
new  facility.  Their  decision  has  proven  to 
be  one  of  wisdom.  It  is  of  e.\!treme 
importance  that  e\'ery  chiu-ch  in  the 
denomination  back  and  support  this 
venture.  I  trust  it  will  always  be  available 
to  ^those  m  need. 

"Also  I  wish  to  commend  Rei\'.  and  Mrs. 
Livingston,  the  superintendent  and  majbrcn 
for  their  many  hours  of  unselfish  labor 
and  devotion  to  the  management  of  the 
Home.  Also  to  the  nurses,  cooks  and 
laborers  of  a  fine  and  competenlt  Staff." 

Happiness  is  -  - 





Romans  15:1  from  the  Good  News 
for  Modern  Man:  "We  who  are 
strong  in  the  faith  ought  to  help  the 
weak  to  carry  their  burdens.  We 
should  not  please  ourselves." 

As  we  demonstrate  God's  love,  we 
leceive  more  of  God's  love.  The  more 
we  give,  the  more  we  receive.  We 
show  God's  love  when  we  are  con- 
cerned for  the  needs  of  others,  for 
their  feelings,  and  for  their  human- 
ness.  Givhig  kindness  and  compas- 
sion in  words  isn't  too  difficult,  but 
real  concern  needs  to  get  beyond 
words  into  action  —  doing  something 
about  the  problem.  Actually  helping 
to  relie\'e  the  problem. 

The  program  of  The  Benevolent 
Board  is  divided  into  two  areas: 
maintaining  The  Brethren's  Home  in 
Flora,  Indiana,  and  dispensing  the 
funds  for  the  Superannuated  Minis- 
ters. The  annual  denoaninational  of- 
fering received  in  February  is  desig- 
nated for  these  two  areas.  The  Home 
is  filled  to  capacity,  but  some  of  these 
residents  are  not  able  to  pay  for 
their  care.  At  present  there  are  nine 
Brethren  residents  who  cannot  meet 
this  expense.   The  cost  which  must  be 

February  1,  1969 

made  up  this  year  is  approximately 
$20,000.  Usually  the  annual  denom- 
inational offering  amounts  to  $12,000. 
The  Superannuated  Ministers  Fund 
needs  about  $5,000  annually.  This 
leaves  an  amount  of  $7,000  to  meet 
the  deficit  of  resident  in  The  Home. 

The  other  facet  of  this  Board  — 
the  fund  for  the  Superannuated  Min- 
isters —  isn't  publicized  enoug-h. 

Several  years  ago  some  of  our  min- 
isters did  not  qualify  for  the  new  re- 

Page  Thirteen 

tirement  plan  adopted  by  Geiieral 
Conference.  These  retired  ministers 
receive  a  small  monthly  check  from 
the  denomination,  channeled  through 
The  Benevolent  Board.  In  the  event 
of  the  minister's  death,  his  widow  re- 
ceives a  smaller  amount. 

This  check  isn't  sufficient  for  many 
necessities,  but  it  reminds  the  recip- 
ient that  the  denomination  gratefully 
appreciates  their  years  of  service  in 
the  ministrv. 

Pictures  of  the 
antique  sale  at  the 
Brethren's  Home  in  October - 


Page  Fourteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


THERE  IS  a  pusltive  aiid  inseparable  re- 
lation between  the  Holy  Spirit  and 
Christian  Missions.  Apart  from  tlie  com- 
ing of  the  Holy  Spirit,  there  would  have 
been  no  Christian  MissixDns.  In  the  early 
Churcih  the  coming  of  the  Holy  Sp'irit  and 
the  experience  thi-ough  His  movememts 
were  of  such  impo^rtance  that,  without 
Him,  there  would  never  have  been  any  wit- 
ness resiUting  in  the  missions.  He  is  the 
minister  of  affairs  of  missions,  and,  as  such, 
asserts  Himself.  He  does  not  merely  send 
to  the  ends  of  the  earth,  He  also  aecom- 

It  is  necessary  for  us  to  fall  back  upon 
the  simple  statement  as  we  find  it  on  the 
very  first  page  of  the  Apostolic  Chui-ch. 
"They  were  all  filled  with  the  Holy  Ghost": 
a  divine  enthusiasm,  which  had  for  it's 
source  the  \'eo'  gift  of  the  Holy  Spirit  of 
Christ  Himself.  This  is  as  near  as  we  can 
come  to  describe  the  secret  of  the  early 
Chui-ch.  The  one  indispensable  possession 
of  a  Christian  in  those  days  was  noit  his 
wisdom  oa-  his  abUity  or  his  strengtli,  but 
his  unquestionable  dependence  on  the  Holy 

Apostle  Paul  before  setting  liis  First 
Missionai-y  Journey  was  led  by  the  Holy 
Spirit.  In  Acts  13:2  it  is  said,  "The  Holy 
Ghost  said,  separate  me  Barnabas  and  Saul 
for  the  woi'k  whereiuito  I  have  called 
them."  It  is  perfectly  clear  that  in  the  Sec- 
ond Journey  he  was  directed  by  the  Holy 
Spirit.  He  tried  to  preach  in  Asia  and  was 
forbidden  by  the  Holy  Ghost,  and  he  then 
attempted  to  go  into  Bithynia  and  was 
again  forbidden  by  the  Spirit.  In  the  Third 
Journey  he  was  permitted  by  the  Holy  Spir- 
it to  travel  extensively  throughout  the 
Mediterranean  world.  In  all  his  journies 
he  was  led  by  the  Holy  Spirit  as  God  op- 
ene:l  the  door. 

Jesus  gave  a  commission  to  His  disciples, 
".  .  .  ye  shall  be  my  witnesses  .  .  .  unto 
the  uttei-most  part  of  the  earth"  (Acts 
1:8).  In  another  context  in  Luke  24:47,  Ho 
gave  the  substance  of  the  witness,  ".  .  . 
that    repentance    and     remission     of    sins 

should  be  preached  in  his  name  among  all 
nations.  .  .  ."  Peter  carried  the  message 
further  in  revealing  the  pro^mise  that  they 
should  receive  the  Holy  Spirit.  The  com- 
mission of  Matthew  28:19  makes  the 
Church  an  ambassador  for  Jesus  Christ. 
Alexander  Mack  expressed  his  concern  to 
teach  all  naitions  as  obedience  of  the  com- 
mand of  Jesus.  This  is  the  mission  of  the 
highest  order  and  is  the  aim  of  the  Breth- 
ren Chiu-ch. 

The  CQinsoiousness  of  mission  with  the 
animation  of  the  Holy  Spirit  occupied  the 
minds  of  the  founding  fathers  of  the 
Brethren  Church.  In  the  year  1708,  the 
Brethren  group  foa-med  a  corporate  mind 
and  aixived  at  its  settled  doctrine.  They 
were  inspired  by  the  Spirit,  filled  with  vi- 
tality and  overflowing  with  zeal  to  share 
the  good  news.  Dr.  Ronk  in  the  "History 
of  the  Brethren  Church"  says,  "The  ser- 
iousness of  these  first  Bretliren  rested  not 
only  on  the  greait  commission's  ti-iune  im- 
mersion command,  but  on  the  go,  and  dis- 
ciple, and  teach.  They  went,  they  con- 
vinced, they  taught  the  things  Christ  had 
commanded.  Their  zeal  bore  such  fruit 
there  were  soon  Brethren  in  other  towns." 

While  proclaiming  the  Gospel  the  Breth- 
ren were  arrested,  jailed,  fined  and  subject- 
ed to  restrictions  and  were  scattered,  but 
the   working   of   the   Holy   Spirit   was   not 
silenced.    Their  souls  were  troubled  when 
they    remembered    the    Church's    founding  ; 
day  in  Germany.    As  Simon  was  imposed  j 
by  the  Spirit  in  Luke  2:27  to  go  into  the  ' 
temple  to  fulfill  the  burden  that  was  laid  I 
upon  him,  so  were  the  Brethren  of  Genn- 
antown.    They  organized  the  fh-st  congre- 
gation of  the  Brethren  Church  in  America  ( 
on  the  Christmas  day  of  1723  to  fulfUl  the  ( 
greatest  coimmission  of  Jesus  Chr'ist. 

In  the  year  1724  the  Germantown  Breth- 
ren were  inSitigated  to  action  for  carrying 
out  the  commission.  Some  went  on  foot 
and  some  on  horseback.  They  intended  to 
be  back  soon,  but  as  the  Spirit  persuaded 
them  with  great  zeal  they  were  gone  over ' 
a  month.  This  was  a  hisitoric  evangelistic! 
tour  that  set  a  pattern  for  future  expan- 
sion of  the  Brethren  fellowship. 

When    the   Apostolic   Church   seemed   tO! 
be  circumscribed  by   Palestine  boundaries,  s 
the  Holy  Spirit  used   the  persecution  that  I 
followed  the  stoning  of  Stephen  and  scat-; 
tering  of  believers  bore  a  poiwerful  witness  i 
abroad.    God  always  has  His  own  method 
of  revival.    The  scattering  of  the  Brethren 
fanxilies  from  eastern  Pennsylvania  by  the 
Revolutionary  War  and  the  oath  of  alleg- 
iance were  likewise  used  of  God  to  stir  up 
a  witness  on  the  part  of  Bre'thren  Where 
they    settied.     Between    1775    and   1850,    a 
period  of  seventy-five  years,   the  member- 
ship  of   the  Brethren   grew  from  approxi- 

February  1,   1969 

Page  Fifteen 

mately  eight  hundred  to  fifty-eight  thous- 

In  the  year  1876  Elder  Christian  Hope 
was  led  by  the  Spirit  to  be  a  missionary 
in  Denmark.  In  a  years'  time  he  was  able 
to  establish  a  Danish  congregation  in  Den- 
mark with  the  help  of  two  other  mission- 
aries. The  year  1877  has  been  cited  as  "A 
joyful  and  histoauc  year,"  in  Brethren  mis- 

The  cause  of  mission  was  woii-king  in  the 
minds  of  the  Brethren  in  the  late  half  of 
the  19th  Century.  Their  burden  of  heart 
for  a  fulanned  program  of  missions  was  re- 
lieved by  the  establishment  of  the  General 
Missionary  Board,  neai-  Dayton,  Ohio  ui 
1884.  This  was  primarily  operated  on  the 
heme  mission  basis.  In  1888  Edward  Ma- 
son prompted  by  the  Spirit  wrote  aji  ar- 
ticle with  a  plea  for  world-wide  missions. 
In  1897  George  Copp  in  his  writing  in  the 
Evangelist  made  this  statement,  "A  ohui-oh 
that  is  not  a  missionai-y  church  is  not  a 
Christ's  Church."  In  the  same  year  J.  C. 
Cassel  in  his  ai-ticle  "The  Evtuigelization 
of  the  World"  e.xpressed  the  power  and  the 
workmg  of  the  Holy  Spirit.  He  referred  to 
Titus  Groan  who  baptized  1,700  people  on 
one  day  in  the  Hawaiian  Islands.  Cassel 
continued  to  hammer  away  at  the  subject 
as  the  Holy  Spirit  was  moving  in  and 
through  his  life  and  through  the  lives  of 
many,  to  feed  the  need  to  establish  foreign 
mission  concept  in  the  Brethren  Church. 
The  long  hoped  for  foreign  missionai-y  so- 
ciety after  wrestling  through  the  problems 
came  into  e.xistence  on  Tuesday,  Septem- 
ber 4,  1900  at  Winona  Lake,  Indiana.  This 
was  a  milestone  in  the  histoiy  of  the 
Brethren    Chui-ch. 

Several  years  of  prayer  for  direction  in 
choice  of  place  and  pei-soxmel  for  a  foreign 
mission  was  seemed  to  be  answered.  In 
the  year  1903,  Auraham  felt  the  call  to 
Persia  and  he  went  there,  but  because  of 
the  bad  conditions  that  prevailed  and  the 
fight  that  was  started  in  Tifflis  the  work 
had  to  be  closed  in  1906. 

The  Brethren  Church  came  to  the  knowl- 
edge that  the  schools  in  Argentina  had 
no  Bible  or  chapel  services  and  the  pulpits 
had  no  gospel  sermons.  C.  F.  Yoder, 
prompted  by  Che  Holy  Spirit  who  slied  the 
love  of  God  in  his  heart  for  the  Gospel 
abroad,  accepted  the  call  in  1909.  He 
evangelized  Rio  Cuarto  through  personal, 
private  testimony,  by  distributing  tracts 
and  by  coiportage  work. 

In  Argentina  the  Yoder  family  had  to 
strain  to  understand  the  language,  customs, 
and  practices.  They  also  had  difficulty  in 
adjusting  their  feelings  with  the  prevalent 
class  differences  and  the  racial  character- 
istics of  the  people.  Whatever  may  be  the 
difficulty,    they    depended    upon    the    Lord 

who  used  the  missionaries  in  a  mighty  way 
to  proclaim  His  goodness  through  tent 
meetings,  preaching  services,  Sunday  school 
and  prayer  meetings. 

No  greater  challenge  can  be  offered  to- 
day to  any  committed  Christian  then  the 
undaunted  hope  of  James  Gribble.  The 
Holy  Spirit  was  at  work  in  the  heart  of  an 
unknown  young  man  not  yet  a  believer. 
In  the  midst  of  the  noise  of  his  streetcai- 
gong,  and  the  death  of  a  woman  struck 
by  his  car,  a  prayer  was  wrung  from  his 
lie  art,  "Oh  Loi-d,  delliver  me,  and  I  will 
henceforth  serve  thee."  With  greatest  ded- 
ication of  life  and  unc  mpromising  passion 
for  souls,  he  marched  to  evangelize  French 
Equatorial  Africa.  In  the  year  1908,  he 
started  his  journey  l>y  keeping  unquestion- 
able faith  on  the  Lord  and  became  the  pi- 
oneer to  e\'angelize  the  Oubangui  Cliari  dis- 

During  his  sttiy  on  the  mission  fieid, 
Gribble  had  experienced  trials  nearly  un- 
bearable. He  was  absolutely  without  funds 
and  had  no  human  resources  whatsoever. 
He  aJmost  lived  exclusively  on  native  foods. 
For  a  time  his  correspondence  ceased  for 
laclv  of  postage  money.  Illness  too,  became 
Ills  possession.  In  the  midst  of  it  all  he  pre- 
sented a  calm  and  serene  demeanor,  and 
kept  on  praying. 

When  I  read  the  life  of  James  Gribble, 
I  felt  ashamed  of  myself  for  the  fi^usitra- 
tion  I  had,  to  wait  for  five  months  to  see 
my  wife  after  I  was  married.  James  Grib- 
Ijle  waited  for  four  yeai-s  with  the  hope 
that  Dr.  Florence,  the  girl  whom  he  loved 
would  marry  him.  She  eventually  did.  His 
whole  life  was  breathed  by  the  Holy  Spirit 
and  he  surrendered  to  Him  in  aU  his  ac- 
tions. In  the  book  written  by  his  wife,  "The 
Undaunted  Hope,"  he  says,  "Ours  is  not  the 
work,  but  ours  is  to  obey  the  one  Who  does 
that  work.  The  Holy  Spirit  is  the  one 
whcse  work  is  to  convict  the  world  in  re- 
spect of  sin,  and  of  righteousjiess,  and 
of  judigment.  And  who  are  we?  Simply 
witnesses  obeying  the  dictates  of  the  Holy 

The  movement  of  the  Holy  Spirit  is  not 
only  fonmd  in  the  foreign  missions  but  also 
is  very  vivid  in  the  home  missions.  Rev. 
G.  E.  DrushaU  in  the  year  1905  instigated 
l>y  the  Spirit  to  bring  salvation  to  the  peo- 
ple of  eastern  Kentucky,  established  a 
mission  station  at  Lost  Creek.  James  S. 
Cook  had  the  same  type  inspiration  and  es- 
tablished another  center  at  Krypton  in 

The  Holy  Spirit  was  operating  even  after 
the  split  of  1939.  He  was  effectively  mov- 
ing the  hearts  of  vai-ious  individuals  and 
resulted  in  establishing  \-arious  home  mis- 
sion centers.  Today  they  are  sixlteen  in 
number.     The    spirit   works   in    mysterious 

Page  Sixteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

ways.  He  ha.s  His  own  admiiiistraitio'n  and 
method  of  approach.  Last  year  He  stimu- 
lated the  heart  of  a  young  preaoher,  Phil 
Lersch,  who  was  pastomng  in  Ashland, 
Ohio,  and  toicjk  him  away  to  the  needy 
land  of  St.  Petersburg,  Florida,  wliere  he 
is  now  working  with  joy  to  estabUsh  a 
church.  When  the  Holy  Spirit  fUis  the 
human  lieart,  the  individual  receives  the 
God-given  powers  —  the  wiH  and  deter- 
mination with  which  he  proceeds  immedi- 
ately and  aggressi\-ely. 

Today  we  ai-e  living  in  an  age  in  which 
the  Christian  Church  is  facing  the  chal- 
lenge to  carry  on  the  great  commission, 
and  tliis  is  the  time  foir  the  Brethren 
Church  to  accept  this  challenge.  It  is  true, 
the  Brethren  Church  does  not  hav^e  hun- 
dreds of  missionaries  like  many  other  de- 
ncniinations.  What  the  church  has  today 
is  only  twelve  on  the  foireign  field.  It  is 
very  true  the  divisiom  of  1939  is  too  pain- 
ful to  think  of.  It  is  also  a  historic  fact 
that  the  early  Brellircn  were  not  foreign- 
mission  minded,  but  it  is  ea-roneous  to  think 
that  the  Brethren  Church  cannot  be  effect- 
ive any  more.    The  c:;nfid'ence  and  tlie  de- 

termmation  of  1940  "to  go  foi-ward"  made 
the  Bretliren  Church  today  a  true  Evangel- 
ical Church,  for  which  every  Brethren 
should  feel  proud.  What  the  Brethren 
Church  needs  today  is  not  to  weep  over  the 
past  or  to  feel  inferior,  but  to  recapture 
the  secret  of  the  Apostolic  Church,  to  re- 
vive within  it  the  Spirit  which  has  always 
been  the  source  of  inspiration  and  power. 

In  the  histoi-y  of  Brethren  mission  the 
Holy  Spirit  moved  in  mysterious  ways  in 
calling  fortli  labc;  ers  and  building  for  Him- 
self a  Chiurch  of  redeemed  soiuls  in  Africa 
and  in  Argentina.  We  do  not  know  what 
tire  future  could  be,  but  the  signs  are  fav- 
orable. The  Spirit  knows  w'here  to  go  and 
wiiom  to  send,  but  the  men  must  be  ready 
to  obey  His  call. 

I  personally  ha\'e  seen  the  moving  of  the 
Holy  Spirit  in  the  Brethi-en  Church  during 
the  past  tour  years  of  my  knowledge.  Now 
I  feel,  the  direction  of  the  Spirit  is  moving 
towards  the  mission  fields  in  Asia.  New 
doors  may  be  opened  for  the  Brethren 
Church  in  Asia  where  the  people  are  hun- 
gry for  the  Gospel. 

Leap  from  frog  to  man 


BIOLOGISTS,  successful  in  their  attenipts  to  remake 
a  frog,  are  now  looking  with  confidence  to  the  day 
when  they  can  overhaul  a  liuman  being  and  gA'c  him  a 
more  desirable  heredity. 

The  startling  issue  was  raised  in  Dallas  at  the  poSit- 
Christmas  meeting  of  the  American  Association  for  the 
Advancement  of  Science.  Dr.  Robert  L.  Sinsheimer,  chair- 
man of  the  division  of  biology  at  the  California  Institute 
of  Technology  in  Pasadena,  said  experimente'rs  have  re- 
made the  frog  by  removing  the  genetic  nucleus  from  an 
unfertUized  egg  and  replacing  it  with  the  nucleaus  of  a 
skin  cell  from  a  male  frog.  Result:  another  frog  exactly 
like  the  father. 

This  recreation  can  be  accomplished  w^ith  men,  says  the 
scientist,  producing  sons  precisely  in  the  image  of  the 
father  with  whatever  changes  the  geneticist  decides  upon. 

The  most  newsworthy  element  of  Dr.  Sinsheimer's 
speech,  however,  was  his  recommendation  that  scientists 
begin  with  all  speed  to  put  the  genetics  tricks  to  worlv. 
He  argued  that  the  benefits  would  be  enormous.  An  Ein- 
stein, for  example,  could  be  made  immortal,  reborn  .just 
the  same  over  and  over  again.  A  defective  child,  on  the 
other  hand,  could  be  made  over.  On  a  lower  scale,  the 
best  results  of  animeil  breeding  could  be  repeated  end- 
lessly withcut  any  risk  of  introducing  a  trace  of  less  de- 
sirable heredity. 

Now  that  God-like  power  of  remaking  life  is  withiii 
reach  of  scientists  the  lure  is  magnetic.  Dr.  Sinsheimei 
believes  science  must  over-whelm  scruples  against  tamp 
ering  with  the  way  natiu-e  has  created  life  since  i 
"evoh-ed."  Without  pausing  to  consider  the  phUosOiphioa 
or  religious  scruples  involved,  he  urged  that  r-esourcet 
be  made  availaible  for  developiirg  the  needed   technique 

Jifst  as  there  was  no  real  debate  on  whether  or  not  t* 
create  the  atomic  bomb,  there  seems  to  be  no  real  de 
bate  on  deciding  the  limits  of  genetical  manipulation 
In  fact  Philosoi)her  Sidney  Hook  argued  at  a  confererua 
of  philosophers  against  a  moral  test  for  science  and  study 
Dr.  Hook  didn't  refer  to  genetics,  but  he  denounced  th 
notion  that  learning  should  be  guided  by  someone's  ide 
of  \drtue  instead  of  by  the  selfless  idea  of  tr-uth.  Trut 
is  too  important  to  evei-ybo'dy  to  permit  a  handful  of  ey 
perts  to  limit  the  truths  which  may  be  sought,  he  sale 
Tliei-e  was  no  answer  to  the  question  of  who  would  b 
arrogant  encugh  to  claim  a  monopoly  on  moral  judgmen 

We  think  it  would  do  more  for  the  race  of  men  to  ri 
create  the  fruits  of  the  Spirit  than  to  duplicate  br-ain- 
and  physical  stamina.  But  man  wUl  do  what  man  oa; 
do  and  ignore  regeneration  of  the  spirit  made  possible 
by  the  Creator. 

And    the   eteriral   struggle   goes   on. 

February  1,  1969 

Page  Seventeen 

WLT    sixytf 



each  year  is  an  item  for  tJhe  Raddo  Ministry  in  Argen- 
tina kno'ttTi  as  CAVEA,  w'hioh  Is  an  Lniterdenoniinational 
Afork.  This  past  year  at  General  Conference  the  Sunday 
Offering  was  designated  for  thiis  Radio  Miniisti-y  with 
>ur  goal  set  for  $5,000.  To  date  we  have  received  $3,917 
n  offering  and  pledges  with  only  two  pledges  yet  unp'aid. 
Phis  is  bemg  applied  against  the  budget  item  and  makes 
possible  oiir  continued  support  of  this  radio  ministi-y. 

A  listing  of  proigrams  and  stations  and  radio  time  used 
n  these  Gospel  broadcasts  to  Spanish^speakLng  people 
vill  help  you  understand  the  extent  of  this  ministry. 

Our  layman-missionary,  John  D.  Rowsey,  is  serving 
is  technician  with  CAVEA.  William  Ciu'tis,  now  home 
>n  furlough  from  Argentina,  will  be  locaJted  at  Buenos 
Mres  upon  liis  return  to  serve  in  the  i-adio  ministry.  A 
Kfry  ref resiling  and  infoirmative  program  of  this  radio 
ninistry   is    being    presented   by    Bill   Curitis   during    liis 

deputation.  Thi-ough  the  creativity  of  the  techinioians 
witli  CAVEA,  we  have  an  exceptionally  fine  presentation. 
AvaU  yoiuifself  of  furither  information  of  our  mission  pro- 
gram by  seeing  this  program  When  BUI  Curtis  is  in 
your  area. 

Platicas   Christianas 


24  minute  program,  6  stations,  once  a  week 

15  minute  program,  5  statioins,  once  a  week 

12  minute  progiiam,  2  stations,  once  a  week 





SI  Salvador: 


tf  exico : 





La  Paz,  Radio  CP-27 
City  and  staition  unknown 
City  and  sitaition  unknown 
Quito,  Radio  HCJB 
San  Salvador,  Radio  YSHQ 
Cap  Haitian,  Radio  4VEH 
Tamazunobale,  SEP 
Bonaire,  Trans-World  Radio 
Lima,  Radio  Pacifico  OAZ4L 
San  Francisco,  Califoirnia 
Radio  KGEI 

— ^toital  of  13  Argentine  stations 

29  minute,  30  second  progi-am,  once  a  week 
29  minute,  30  second  proigram,  once  a  week 
15  minute  program,  once  a  week 
29  minute,  30  second  program,  once  a  week 
29  minute,  30  second  program,  once  a  week 
29  minute,  30  second  program,  once  a  week 
29  minute,  30  second  program,  once  a  week 
29  minute,  30  second  program,  twice  a  week 
29  minute,  30  second  program,  twice  a  week 
20  minute,  30  second  program,  twice  a  week 

— total  of  10  stations  outside  of  Argentina 

Page  Eighteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelisi 


Argentina:  1  station  —  7  times  per  week; 
2  stations  —  3  times  per  weel<; 
2  statioins    —    1  tinae    per  week; 

Foreign:     Paraguay  —  Asuncion.  —  1  staitioai 

1  Station      —     5  times  per  week 

2  stations    —    2  times  per  week 
2  stations     —     unlcnown 

— ^total  oif  10  Argentine  stations 
details  unltnown 

Starting  in  1969  DIA  of  San  Jose,  Costa  Rica  will  market  and  distribute 
Reflexiones  to  countries  outside  Argentuia. 


Platioas  Cristlanas  is  broadcast  as  foUows: 

In  Argentina     —     13  times  a  week  on  13  stations 
24  minute  program  —  6  times  a  week  on  6  stations 
15  minute  program  —  5  times  a  week  on  5  stations 
12  minute  program  —  2  times  a  week  on  2  statioins 
In  Foreign  Countries  — 

29  minute,  30  second  program  —  at  least  12  times  a  week  on  9  stations 
15  minute  program  —  once  a  week  on  1  station 
Reflexiones  is  broadcast  in  Argentina  at  least  26  times  a  week  on  10  sitations  and  in 

Asuncion,   Paraguay  —  details  unknown. 
Mail  response  --  Of  the  53  weekly  releases,  CAVEA  gets  the  maU  from  42. 

Jan.  —  Sept.,  1968,  the  mail  averaged  560  letters  per  month. 


BILL  CURTIS  is  now  setting  up  liis  deputation 
schedule  among  the  Brethren  Churches.  All 
correspondence  received  to  date  requesting  his  in- 
cluding churches  in  his  deputation  program,  has 
been  turned  over  to  Bill  for  his  scheduling  and 
corresponding  with  the  various  churches.  Be  cer- 
tain to  write  to  him  now  if  you  care  for  a  mis- 
sion program  at  your  church. 

The  Curtises  are  planning  to  travel  west  after 
the  Indiana  District  Conference,  June  9  -  12,  and 
then  return  to  this  area  in  August  and  will  par- 
ticipate in  General  Conference. 

Their  address  is  310  Diamond  Street  or  they 
can  be  reached  through  the  Missionary  Board 

ebruary  1,  1969 

Page  Nineteen 


PtLE  ten  dollar  club  call  for  tihe  Marion,  In- 
diana Ciiurch  was  sent  out  in  July  1968  and  is  now 
osed,  as  of  December  31,  1968.  In  that  period  of  time  we 
reived  a  record-brealdng  contribuition  for  the  Ten  Dol- 
,r  Club  in  the  amounit  of  $11,500.  This  is  the  largest 
nooiit  received  for  one  call  in  the  pasit  ten  years  for 
le  Ten  Dollar  Club. 

We  thank  everyone  who  responded  to  this  call.  You  will 
!CaU  that  we  have  ended  oui-  practice  of  sending  receipts 
T  Ten  Dollar  Club  contributio'ns,  except  for  those  made 
cash.  We  feel  tha!t  it  was  moiSt  advantageous  to  send 
reminder  to  the  membership  in  December  calling  at- 

tention to  the  unpaid  memberships  to  that  date.  Perhaps 
this  is  the  reason  we  had  so  many  responses. 

The  Indiana  District  is  providing  the  financial  backing 
for  the  beginning  of  this  mission  work  at  Marion,  Indi- 
ajia,  with  only  this  assistance,  to  date,  from  the  Mission- 
ai-y  Board  through  the  Ten  Dollar  Club  call. 

The  work  began  in  Marion  in  September  of  1967  m 
a   dliuroh   building   purchased   froim   the  Lutherans. 

We  list  herewith  the  contributions  made  to  the  Ten 
DoUar  Club  in  the  past  ten  years.  In  1959  and  1960  there 
was  oinly  one  call  for  each  of  those  years  and  then  two 
calls  per  year  thereiafter. 

1959  LevittowTi,    Pennsylvania 

1960  MiShawaka,    Indiana 
1951  Newark,    Ohio 

1961  MassiUon,    Ohio 

1962  Kokomo,    Indiana 

1962  Hemdon,    Virginiia 

1963  Derby,    Kansas 

1963  Elkhart  —  Winding    Waters,    Indiana 

1964  Wabash,    Indiana 

1964  Lost   Creek,   Kentucky 

1965  Levittown,    Pennsylvania 

1965  Mansfield,    Ohio 

1966  Munoie,  Indiana 

1966  St.   Petersburg,    Florida 

1967  Cedar  Falls,   Iowa 

1967  Golden  Gate    (Naples),   Florida 

1968  Manteca,    California 
1968  Marion,    Indiana 

?  9,312.36 








10,503.00   (re-k>cation) 
10,451.00   (2nd  call) 

9,685.00   (re-location) 
10,034.00  (re-location) 





In  memory 

of  Mr.  and  iVIrs.  John  A 


her  brother 

and  sister-in-law,  Mrs.  Mary  E.    1 


sent  a  memoi-ial  gift  in  the 


of  $250 


the  mission  program. 

Page  Twenty 

The  Brethren  Evangelifi 

zi  eiv  s 

•  •  • 

Hagerstown,  Md.  Re\-.  W.  St,  Clair 
Benshoff,  pastor,  reports  that  some 
exte<nsive  remodel inig  is  being  done 
in  the  sanctuary  and  the  old  fel- 
lowship hall.  Wopship  services  are 
now  being  held  in  the  new  fellow- 
ship hall. 

Mansfield,     Ohio.      The    new    church 

building  is  near  compleition,  accord- 
ing to  Rev.  Spencer  Gentle,  pas- 
tor. The  furnace  has  been  installed 
and  much  of  the  work  on  the  inside 
is  being  completed. 

The  congi-egation  has  instituted 
an  extensive  program  cf  training 
and  visitation  under  the  directioai 
of  Rev.   Fred  Burkev,   Director  of 

Christian  Education  in  'the  Breth- 
ren Church.  A  week  of  visitation 
will  be  conducted  in  March  with 
open  house  for  the  Sunday  school 
on  March  16. 

South  Bend,  Ind.  Rev.  John  T.  By- 
ler,  pastor,  reports  through  a  let- 
ter to  his  congregation  that  he  has 
resigned  as  of  August  1,  1969.  Rev. 
Byler  has  been  pasitor  of  the  church 
for  se\-eral  years. 

Warsaw,  Ind.  Re\'.  Paul  Tinkei,  pas- 
tor, has  been  elected  president  of 
the  Warsaw-Winona  Lake  Commun- 
ity Minist:erial  Association  for  the 
coming   year.     Comgratulations! 


CONGRATULATIONS  are  in  or- 
der for  Rev.  and  Mns.  Brian 
Moore  of  Derby,  Kansas,  upon  the 
arrival  of  a  new  baby  boy!  He  was 
bom  on  Friday,  January  3,  1969,  and 
has  been  named  Eric  Ryan.  He 
weighed  in  at  5  pounds  and  6  ounces. 

Rev.  Moore  is  pastor  of  the  Derby 
Brethren  Church  in  Derliy,  Kansas. 


GASKILL.  Mr.  LeRoy  Gaskill,  age 
88,  died  early  Saturday  morning,  De- 
cember 28,  1968,  at  the  Williams 
County  Hospital,  Bryan,  Ohio.  Mr. 
Gaskill  was  a  member  of  the  Bryan 
First  Brethren  Church  since  1921. 
Funeral  services  were  conducted  by 
the  undersigned  and  interment  was 
at  Shiffler  Cemetery. 

Rev.  M.  W.  Dodds 

:^  :'fi  -^ 

VINEY.  Mrs.  Gertrude  E.  Viney 
of  Bringhurst,  Indiana,  passed  away 
Christmas  day  at  the  Helvie  Home 
in  Flora,  Indiana.  She  was  born 
March  11,  1890.  She  was  a  member 
of  the  Flora  First  Brethren  Church. 
Funeral  services  were  held  at  the 
Carter  Funeral  Home  with  Rev.  Clar- 
ence Kindley  officiating.  Burial  was 
in  Maple  Lawn  Cemetery. 

Mrs.  Gladys  Flora 

JAMISON.  Mrs.  AVanda  Jamison 
went  to  be  with  the  Lord  Sunday, 
December  29,  1968.  Memorial  services 
were  held  in  the  St.  James  Church 
Tuesday,  December  31.  Mrs.  Jamison 
served  the  Lord  well  in  many  capaci- 

ties in  the  church  including  that  c 
teacher  and  a  member  of  the  Deaii 
on's   Board. 

KUTZELL.  Mr.  Edward  Hutzei 
went  to  be  with  the  Lord  Mondaji 
December  30.  Memorial  services  wer 
held  in  the  St.  James  Church  Nei' 
Years  Day,  January  1,  1969.  M]| 
Hutzell  was  the  father  of  Ralph  Huti 
zell,  treasurer  of  the  Southeaster! 
District  Mission  Board.  He  had  bee!J 
ill  for  several  years. 

FIELDS.  Mr.  Artis  Fields  passeil 
away  on  December  15,  1968,  after  ; 
long-  illness.  He  was  a  charter  memi 
ber  of  the  Washington  Brethrei 
Church.  Funeral  services  were  heli 
at  the  church,  conducted  by  Rev.  Jei' 
ry  Flora,  pastor.  Mr.  Fields  was  thu 
grandfather  of  James  Fields,  studen 
at  Ashland  Theological  Seminary. 
Mrs.  Ona  Lee  Sams 

*       *       ■:■ 

HAECKER.  Mr.  Han-y  Haeckes 
left  us  suddenly  to  be  with  our  Lore 
and  Savior.  He  was  a  member  of  ihi 
Roann  First  Brethren  Church.  Serv 
ices  were  conducted  on  December  201 

1968,  in  Roann,  Indiana,  by  Rev.  Herj 
bert  Gilmer.  Burial  was  in  Memoria 
Lawn   Cemetery  of  Wabash,  Indiana! 

KLEINHEN.  Mr.  John  Kleinhen; 
7;3,  of  Bryan,  Ohio,  died  at  the  Cam 
eron  Hospital  January  10,  where  he] 
had  been  a  patient  for  several  weeks 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Bryan  Firs! 
Brethren  Church.  Funeral  service:' 
were  held  Monday,  January  13,  1969' 
with  the  undersigned  officiating.  In ' 
terment  was  in  the  Moats  Cemetery 
Sherwood,  Michigan. 

Rev.  M.  W.  Dodds 

FALLIS.  Mr.  Thomas  P.  Fallis 
age   86,   passed   away  on  January  1 

1969.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Firsi 
Brethren  Church  of  Muncie,  Indiana 
His  funeral  was  conducted  by  the  uni 
dersigned  on  January  4,  1969.  In-' 
terment  was  in  The  Gardens  of  Mem-i 
ory  Cemetery  near  Muncie. 

Rev.  Glenn  Grumbling 

DUFF.  Donald  Duff,  43,  of  Florai 
Indiana,  passed  away  in  Elizabetl: 
Hospital,  Lafayette,  Indiana,  Janu 
ary  14.  He  was  a  member  of  thi 
First  Brethren  Church  of  Flora  anc 
served  as  Sunday  school  superintend 
ent  for  several  years,  taught  a  Sun 
day  school  class  and  was  also  churcl 
moderator  and  trustee.    Funeral  sen'  ' 

ibniary  1,  1969 

Page  Twenty-one 

:s  were  held  Thursday,  January  17. 
S9,  at  the  Flora  First  Brethren 
urch  with  Rev.  Clarence  Kindley 
charge.  Burial  was  in  Maple 
wn  Cemetery. 

Mrs.  Gladys  Flora 


nco,  Pa.  —  3  by  baptism  .  .  .  Elk- 
i-t,  Ind.  —  3  by  baptism  .  .  .  War- 
.V,  Intl.  —  11  by  baptism. 


yton    (Hillcrest),   Ohio 

Viissionary  EvajigelisiUc  Sei-vices 
February  10  -  16,  1969 
llev.  Glenn  Shank,  Evangelisit 
iev.  W.  Clayton  Berkshire,  Pastor 

nth  Bend   (Ardmore),  Indiana 

Evangelistic   Services 

IpiU  6  -  13,  1969 

tev.  William  Andei-son,  Evangelist 

lev.  C.  Wm.  Cole,   Pastor 

PO.\U  EDITORS  LIST   1968 

Wasliington,  D.C.  (EP)  —  Tlie  edi- 
tors of  Church  and  Stat-e,  magazme 
of  Protestants  and  Otlier  Americans 
United  for  Separation  of  Church  and 
State  (POAU),  put  at  the  top  of  their 
list  of  importajit  news  sitories  in  1968 
Pope  Paul's  encyclical,  "Humanae 
Vitae,"  in  which  he  affiiTned  the  tra- 
ditional Roman  Catholic  opposition 
to  birth  control. 

The  editors  listed  these  nine  other 
stories  in  order  of  importance:  (1) 
The  U.S.  Supreme  Count  decisioji  in 
"Flast  \-.  Cohen."  whicli  pushed  aside 
a  45-year-old  ruUng  that  no  individu- 
al citizen  has  a  sufficient  financial 
stake  in  big  government  programs 
to  challenge  them  in  court;  (2)  The 
Republicaji  Pai-ty  platform,  wliich 
pledged  "federal  fujids  in  support  of 
state-prepared,  state-administered  aid 
plans  for  private  school  pupils":  (3) 
The  endorsement  by  the  United  Meth- 
odist Church  and  tire  United  Presby- 
terian Church,  USA  of  civil  disobedi- 

ence, in  "extreme  coses,"  as  a  legiti- 
mate method  of  social  reform;  (4) 
The  resignation  of  Dick  H.  Hall  Jr. 
from  his  position  as  vice  president  of 
Atlanta  Baptist  College  in  Georgia 
to  protest  a  policy  change  allowmg 
the  school  to  seek  and  accept  Fed- 
eral funds  for  consti-uction  and  equip- 
ment; (5)  Pemisylvania's  new  paroch- 
ial sohocl  aid  law,  permitting  public 
funds  to  be  used  for  the  "purchase 
of  services"  fro-m  any  school;  (6)  The 
hour-long  CBS  program  entitled  "The 
Business  of  Religion"  which  documen- 
ted church  financial  holdings;  (7) 
The  Vatican's  announcement  that  it 
will  pay  soime  tax  to  the  Italian  gov- 
ernment; (8)  The  U.S.  Supreme 
Court's  ruling  that  a  New  York  law 
requiring  school  systems  to  lend  te.xt- 
baoks  provided  by  tax  funds  to  pupils 
in  private  schools  does  not  violate 
constitutional  provisions;  (9)  Revers- 
al by  the  U.S.  Court  of  Appeals  of  a 
lower  court  riding  that  taxpayers 
have  no  legal  "standing"  to  sue  for 
the  discontinuence  of  religious  post- 
age stamps. 

eystone  Korner-- 

Items   of   Interest  from   the 
Pennsylvania    District 

NOTE  from  Rev.  Ed  Schwartz  tells  us  that  during 
1.  the  recent  Christmas  season  the  folks  at  the  Ser- 
untsville  Bretliren  Church  collected  forty-four  Ghrist- 
s  presents  for  boys  and  gh-ls  at  the  New  Jersey  State 
Lldren's  Hospital.  A  group  from  the  ohui-oh  went  to  the 
ipital  and  sponsored  a  party  for  the  children. 
>n  JVIarch  15,  a  District  Sunday  School  Workshop  will 
iheld  at  the  Third  Bretliren  Church  (Johnstown)  under 
sponsoa-sJrip  of  the  Penn.s,ylvania  District  Boai-d  of 
lisitian  Education,  Rev.  and  Mi-s.  Arthur-  Funkhouse. 
spel  Light  representaitives,  wUl  be  in  chai'ge. 
Llmost  immediately  upon  aiTival  on  the  field,  Rev.  Jolin 
Is,  new  pastor  of  the  Wayne  Heights  Brethren  Church, 
:an  holding  regular  Sunday  evening  services.  The  at- 
dance  at  these  sei"\'ices  has  been  vei-y  good. 
Vhile  the  Third  Brethren  Church  is  without  the  ser- 
BS  of  a  resident  pastor,  the  pulpit  is  being  filled  from 
?k  to  week  by  various  speakers  —  retired  pas)tors, 
•istian  laymen,  Gideon  representatives,  etc.  Rev.  Hen- 

ly  Bates  of  the  Vinco  Church  is  caring  for  the  hospital 
visiting,  funerals,  etc.,  for  the  Johnstown  Church  during 
this   period. 

Sister  Antoinette  Swenk,  knowni  to  many  of  the  Breth- 
ren through  her  faitliful  attendance  at  Disti-ict  and  Gen- 
eral Conferences  for  a  number  of  years,  was  recently 
admitted  to  the  hospital  in  veiy  critical  condition.  The 
prayei-s  of  faith  of  the  folks  at  the  Vandergrift  Church, 
and  the  prayers  of  many  of  her  friends  elsewhere  in  the 
brotherhood,  ha\-e  brought  about  a  very  remarkable  re- 

Tlie  Valley  (Jones  Mills)  Brethren  Church  is  now  being 
served  on  a  regulai-  basis  by  Brother  Clarence  Hesketh, 
a  licensed  pastor  of  the  Permsylvania  District.  Brother 
and  Sister  Hesketh  are  living  on  the  field  —  their  address 
is:  Box  44,  Jones  MUls,  Pennsylvania  15646. 

Bulletins  received  from  Brother  Ed  West  seem  to  in- 
dicate that  the  work  at  Cameron,  West  Virginia,  and 
Quiet  Dell,  Pennsylvania  are  show^ing  encouragmg  signs 
of  growth  in  attendance  and  interest. 

A  new  program  spo^nsored  by  the  Laymen  of  the  Vinco 
Hrethren  Church  is  the  "Dial-a-Ride"  progi-am.  Any  per- 
son desiring  to  attend  any  of  the  services  of  the  church, 
and  not  having  a  means  of  ti-ansportation,  needs  only  to 
dial  the  church  number  and  within  a  matter  of  minutes 
one  of  the  laymen  vv-Ul  be  on  his  way  to  bring  the  person 
to    church. 



Ephesians  3:18 


Page  Twenty-two 

The  Brethren  Evangel 


CONGRATULATIONS  to  Mi-,  and  Mrs.  Mac  Freeman 
on  the  arrival  of  their  first  child,  Aaron  Mac.  He 
joined  their  family  on  December  3,  1968,  just  a  few  min- 
utes before  midnight.  Mr.  Freeman  is  a  Trustee  and 
Mrs.  Freeman  is  Chiu-ch  Seci-etary,  Aaron  was  dedicated 
to  the  Lord  on  Sunday,  December  29,  dui-ing  the  Morn- 
ing  Worship. 

On  December  19,  five  new  members  were  received  into 
tlie  membership  of  the  church.  Tliese  five  had  been  bap- 
tized December  15.    We  praise  the  Lord  for  this. 

On  Sunday  moirntng,  December  22,  the  contata  "Love 
Came  Doiwn  At  Christmas"  was  presented.  Tlie  message 
in  song  and  word  was  truJy  lovely.  Mrs.  Buck  Garrett 
was  the  director. 

On  Sunday  evening,  December  22,  the  Christmas  pro- 
gram was  held.  The  play,  "Christmas  With  The  Carrolls," 
was  presented  along  with  the  children's  recitals. 

On  Saturday,  December  14,  we  held  our  second  Christ- 
mas Banquet.    There  were  34  in  attendance  at  the  ban- 

quet held  at  PoUard's  Chicken  Kitchen  in  Lodi,  Califoa 
ia.  Everyone  enjoyed  the  evening  of  fun,  fellowship  a 

On  Friday,  December  20,  the  W.M.S.  gave  a  pairty 
the  Haven  of  Peace.  (This  is  a  Mission  for  women  a 
children.)  There  were  gifts  far  each  one,  refreshmer 
and  devotions.  It  was  truly  an  evening  to  remembi 
shai-ing  Chi-ist  with  those  less  fortunate  than  us  is  tru 

Our  Saturday  night  rallies  are  continiuing  and  bei 
blessed  by  the  Lord.  These  rallies  are  held  on  the  fi: 
Saturday  of  each  month.  On  January  4,  the  Weste 
Crusaders  were  featured.  This  is  a  group  of  gospel  sir 
ers  who  present  a  program  of  vocal  numbers,  instrumt 
tals  and  testimonies. 

We  were  all  busy  getting  ready  for  District  Conferen 
held  at  om-  chui'Ch  January  9-12. 

Pastor  and  Mrs.  GaiTett  are  a  great  blessing  to  all 
us  here  at  Lathrop,  and  we  ask  for  your  prayers  tli 
we  continue  to  let  the  Lord  lead  us  in  all  things.  Tha 

The  View  from  the  Pew 

A  CHURCH-SPONSORED  national  dial-in  radio  pro- 
gram has  opened  up  for  average  citizens  the  possi- 
bility for  conversation  with  people  in  the  headlines. 

Titled  "Night  Call,"  the  program  lets  John  Q.  Public 
talk  politics  with  Hubert  Humphrey,  discuss  Black  Power 
with  Panther  leader  Eldridge  Cleaver,  non-violence  with 
Joan  Baez  and  birth  conti-ol  witli  famed  Catholic  theologi- 
an Father  Haering,  accordmg  to  a  feature  stoiy  issued  by 
Religious  News  Sei-vice. 

"Night  Call"  was  launched  last  Jime  by  the  Television, 
Radio  and  FUm  Commission  (TRAFCO)  of  the  United 
Methodist  Church.  It  is  now  cooperatively  related  to  agen- 
cies representing  other  Protestants,  Roman  Catholics,  Or- 
thodox and  Jews. 

Carrier  stations  have  risen  from  21  to  83.  The  "Nighl 
Call"  network  goes  out  over  broadcast  lines  rented  for  an 
hour  each  week  night  from  the  American  Telephone  and 
Telegraph  Company.  Stations  receive  it  free.  TRAFCO 
pays  some  $8,500  per  month  for  the  lines. 

Callers  phone  coUect  on  a  hook-up  of  geographically 
designated  numbers.  New  York  is  home  base  for  host 
Del  Shields  and  engineer  Jim  Harris.  They  operate  fi-om 
studios  at  WRVR  Radio,  the  station  of  the  interdenomin- 
ational Riverside  Church.  Airtime  is  11:30  p.m.  EST,  and 
in  most  cases  the  discussion  is  carried  live  in  coirrespond- 
ing  times  across  the  nation. 

Guests  do  not  come  to  the  studio.  They  ai'e  linked, 
from  wherever  they  are,  to  Del  Shields  who  also  cuts  out- 
side callers  into  the  circuit. 

"Night  Call's"  guest  list  has  been  somewliat  weighted 
toward  the  "liberal"  side  in  politics  and  religion  and  ac- 
cording to   the  producer,   are  ideally  persons  wlio  repre- 

sent some  definable  position  and  can  discuss  their  vie 
"Night  Call"   does  not  ask  listeners  to  agree  with  tW 
views.    It  asks  for  "dialogue,   honest  dialogue  aimed 

In  addition  to  being  a  "first,"   the  show  has  scorec 
transmission  first.    Working  through  a  Quaker  group 
the  UN,  Spartak  Beglo\-,  head  of  No^'osti  Press  in  Mi 
Cjw,   agreed  to  be  guest  for  a  discussion  of  Russian 
sponse  to  the  American  Presidential  election. 

When  threatened  by  financial  deficiencies,  "Night  Ca 
was  saved  by  grants  totalling  $40,000  from  the  EpiscoM 
Church  and  the  United  Church  of  Christ  and  continil 
breaking  new  ground  for  modem  communications. 



Philadelphia,     Pa.     (EP)     —    SI 

ments  of  procaine  penicUUn  will  I 
sent     to     civilian     war    sufferers 
areas  of  Vietnam  held  by  the  Nati 
al  liberation  Front,   according  to 
announcement  by  the  dispatchere, 
American  Friends  Service  CommitI 
The  Quaker  group  said  it  was  s ! 
sending  a  medical  shipment  of  eq 
value  to  the  Quaker  service   unit 
Quang   Ngai,    South    Vietnam    est 
lished  in  October,  1966,  which  o] 
ates  a  prosthetics  center  and  a  ct 
day  care  center. 

ebruary  1,   1969 

Page  Twenty-three 

World   Religious   News 

in   Review 


Los  Angeles  (EP)  —  Because  of 
leir  view  of  the  soul,  Jews  do  not 
jlieve  that  abortion  is  hO'micide,  ac- 
wding  to  Rabbi  David  M.  Feldman 
Broolclyn  who  spolce  at  a  press 
inference  here. 

Jews,  he  said,  hold  tliat  the  soul 
od  imparts  into  a  fetus  is  a  pui-e 
le,  untouched  by  original  sin.  When 
18  fetus  is  killed,  the  soul  goes  to 
raven,  he  stated. 

Rabbi  Feldman,  author  of  the  re- 
•ntly  published  book,  Bh-th  Control 
Jewish  Law,  noted  that  his  view 
the  soul  differs  from  that  of  Ro- 
an Catholics  and  many  oither  Chris- 
aJTS.  They  hold,  he  e.xi>lained,  that 
le  soul  is  tainted  with  original  sin, 
!Oause  of  the  transgression  of  Adam 
id  Eve,  and  goes  either  to  Umbo 
■  to  hell  unless  baptized.  In  either 
ise,  it  never  sees  God. 


Adelaide  <EP)  —  The  Lutheran 
lurch  of  Australia  has  been  issued 
license  to  seU  alcoholic  beverages. 
The  Adelaide  Licensing  Court  gave 
e  denomination  permission  to  seU 
er  in  its  canteen  at  the  Yalata 
aorigmal  Reserve.  Church  officals 
id  argued  that  the  license  would 
Jp  ciu-b  Ulegal  sales  of  whiskey  and 
He  to  tlie  150  aborigines  on  the  re- 

KE   IT   IS' 

Grand  Rapids,  Mich.  (EP)  —  The 
ird  national  convention  of  Reform- 
Church  Youth  wUl  center  on  the 
erne  "Tell  It  Like  It  Is"  when  they 
?et  December  27-31  on  the  campus 
the  University  of  Illinois  in  Ur- 
na,   Illinois. 

Young  people  wUl  be  confronted 
th  Jesus  Christ,  the  Man  for  all 
Jsons,  for  all  men,  in  all  places, 
/s   the   denomination's  public  rela- 

tions director  Dr.  Louis  H.  Benes. 

Topics  to  be  disciissed  are  intended 
to  challenge  each  person  to  a  person- 
al response  to  the  call  of  Christ.  Sub- 
jects include  hunger  as  a  political 
problem,  the  current  struggle  be- 
tween freedom  and  authority,  and  the 
need  for  a  personal  ministry  based 
upon  hiunan  needs. 


New  Haven,  Conn.  (EP)  —  Mis- 
sionaries of  conservative  theology 
have  the  greater  rate  of  increase 
when  compared  to  oither  groujjs  in  the 
North  American  Missionai-y  foi-ce. 

Tills  is  the  judgment  of  Dr.  David 
Stowe,  head  of  the  Division  of  Over- 
seas Ministries  of  the  National  Coun- 
cil of  Churches,  which  has  33  Protes- 
tant and  Othodo.x  constituent  church- 

The  speaker  said  the  current  North 
American  foreign  missionai-y  force  is 
the  largest  in  histoi-y. 

Tlie  occasion  for  the  talk  the 
triennial  meeting  of  tlie  NCC  agency. 
It  was  reported  that  U.S.  church  gi\'- 
ing,  Protestant  and  Roman  CaithoLic 
together,  for  missions  rose  from  $170 
million  to  $299  million  between  1960 
and  1968. 

•CENTURY'   NOTES   100th 

Philadelphia  (EP)  —  Cliristmas, 
1968,  is  the  100th  Anniversai-y  of  the 
carol,  "O  Little  Town  of  Bethlehem," 
written  and  introduced  here. 

The  hymn's  words  were  penned  by 
Phillips  Brooks,  then  rector  of  Holy 
Trinity  Episcopal  church  and  later  to 
become  world  famous  as  muiister  of 
Truiity  Chui'Ch,  Boston.  The  music 
was  composed  by  Lewis  H.  Redne;', 
organist  of  the  Philadelphia  church. 

Lyrics  were  inspu'ed  by  an  1865 
\-isit  of  Mr.  Brooks  to  the  Holy  Land. 
He  \'isited  Bethlehem  on  Christmas 
Eve.  In  recounting  the  experience, 
the  clergyman  said  he  stood  in  the 
Chui'oh  of  the  Nativity  where  "close 

to  the  spot  where  Jesus  was  born, 
the  whole  church  was  ringing  hour 
after  hour  with  splendid  hymns  of 
praise  to  God." 


St.  Paul,  Minn.  (EP)  —  Vice  Pres- 
ident Hubert  H.  Hitmpiu-ey  has  ac- 
cepted a  shared  professorship  be- 
tween the  University  of  Minnesota  in 
Minneopolis  and  Maccilester  College, 
a  United  Presbyterian  school  here. 

The  1968  Demoncratic  Pi-esidential 
candidate  probably  will  assume  teach- 
ing responsibilities  in  the  Spring. 

"I  can  hardly  wait  to  begin,"  he 
said  at  a  gathering  of  officials  and 
students  from  both  schools.  The  an- 
nouncement was  made  at  Macalester, 
whose  president  is  Dr.  Arthui-  Flem- 
ming,  also  president  of  the  National 
Council  of  Churches  and  a  United 
Methodist  layman. 


New  York  (EP)  —  Dr.  Jolm  C. 
Beimett  said  here  that  it  is  a  misfor- 
tune that  Dr.  Kai^l  Barth,  the  Swiss 
theologian  who  died  on  December 
10,  became  known  in  the  U.S.  chiefly 
through  slogans  and  stei-otypes  that 
"almost   wholly   misrepresent   him." 

Dr.  Bennett,  president  of  Union 
Theological  Seminaiy  and  himself  a 
theolGgian,  lamented  that  so  little  has 
been  heai-d  of  the  Bai-th  "ovenvhelm- 
ed  by  the  revelation  of  God  in  Jesus 
Christ,  who  spelled  out  his  e.xtraordin- 
ai-y  Christian  vision  of  God's  love  for 
man  in  liis  many  volumes." 

The  Union  President  voiced  his  trib- 
ute in  a  statement  which  will  appear 
in  an  early  Januai-y  1989  issue  of 
Christiamty  and  Crisis  magazine. 


North  Hollj-wood,  Calif.  (EP)  — 
The  ciuTent  issue  of  The  Wittenberg 
Door,  undergroimd  news  sheet  for, 
by  and  about  youth  workers  in  the 
religious  field,  lists  the  following-  peo- 
ple who  are  ineligible  for  chuix;h 

Peter  the  Fisherman,  because  of 
long  hair  and  unkempt  beard;  David 
the  King,  because  of  his  dancing  and 
cymbal  playing;  Solomon  the  Poet, 
l3ecause  of  his  sensual  and  risque 
songs;  Woman  of  Samaria,  because 
of  her  infidelity;  John  the  Baptist,  be- 
cause of  his  miniskirt  and  crude  eat- 
ing habits;  Woman  caught  in  Adul- 
tery, because  of  questionable  morals; 
Adam  and  Eve,  because  of  no  prev- 

Page  Twenty-four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

ious  church  letter;  Jesus  of  Nazareth, 
because  of  his  friendship  and  winebib- 


New  York  (EP)  —  The  real  issue 
of  tihe  German  Churches'  struggle 
with  Nazism  have  still,  more  than  30 
years  later,  not  been  fully  learned,  a 
Canadian  historian  holds  in  a  new 
book  soon  to  be  published  here. 

John  S.  Conway  sifted  thi-ough 
hundreds  of  documents  captured  froim 
Nazi  archives  in  writing  "The  Nazi 
Persecution  of  the  Churches,"  Al- 
ready released  in  England,  the  Amer- 
ican publisher  is  Basic  Books,  Inc. 
The  author,  an  Anglictm  layman,  is 
associate  professor  of  histoi-y  ait  the 
University  of  British  Columbia. 

The  book's  main  focus  is  on  the 
persecution  of  the  Churches  during 
the  Hitler  regime,  but  Mi*.  Conway  is 
equally  concerned  with  the  questioai 
of  guilt:  Why  did  the  German  people 
—  particularly  Christiajis  —  allow 
the  unprecedented  atrocities  of  Naz- 
ism to  be  perpetrated  in  their  name? 

In  exploring  the  reasons,  Mr.  Con- 
way draws  lessons  and  implications 
for  the  contemporai-y  world  from 
Christianity's  encounter  with  a  total- 
itarian  state. 

'"nieologically  speaking,"  writes 
Mr.  Conway,  "the  protolem  of  how 
the  Church  can  confront  its  commun- 
ity with  the  need  for  talcing  up  arms 
against  injustices  and  violence  has 
never  been  solved." 


Portland,  Ore.  (EP)  —  The  46 
congregations  of  the  former  Evangel- 
ical United  Brethren  churches  m  the 
Northwest  which  withdrew  from  the 
Unitetl  Methodist  Church  will  be  able 
to  keep  their  property,  under  the 
terms  of  a  settlement  announced  here. 

The  document  stipulates  that  the 
46  congregations  will  pay  $690,266  to 
keep  their  property.  They  paid  $25,- 
000  in  earnest  money  and  will  pay 
what  is  leflt  about  90  days  hence  un- 
less an  unforseen  hitch  stalls  the 

The  property  is  said  to  be  worth 
almost  $4  million,  but  some  of  the 
congreations  already  owe  money  on 
their  buildings.  These  wiU  pay  the 
debts  as  well  as  their  share  of  the 

The  laws  of  both  Methodist  and 
EUB  denominations  state  that  a  con- 

gregation which  witlidraws  from  the 
denomination  forfeits  its  property  to 
the  denomination.  The  law  of  tlie 
new  United  Methodist  Church,  form- 
ed by  the  merger,  has  the  same  re- 

One  leader  said  the  $690,266  wdl  be 
a  hea\y  burden  on  the  churches 
which  are  "paying  a  second  time" 
for  the  property,  but  he  also  pointed 
out  that  they  get  the  property  for 
about  one-sixth  of  what  it  is  worth. 

The  congregations  withdrew  over 
incompatability  in  "doctrine,  stand- 
ards, and  practice"  between  them- 
selves and  the  Methodist  Church.  On 
the  whole  they  are  more  conserva- 
tive theologically  and  simpler  in  the 
conduct  of  their  services. 


Blooniington,  Inil.  (EP)  —  Obscen- 
ity is  used  "almost  exclusively  for 
shock  purposes  by  young  people  who 
know  where  Americans  are  most  vul- 

This  is  the  view  of  Dr.  Owen  P. 
Thomas,  an  Indiana  University  En- 
glish professor.  He  said  the  success 
of  the  technique  is  exerrtpltfied  by  ob- 
scenity used  by  demonsitrators  during 
the  Democratic  naitlonal  conventioai. 

"What  happened  in  Chicago  is  that 
police  reacted,"  Thomas  said.  "If 
Ihey  had  ignored  the  obscenity,  if 
they  had  kept  their  cool,  these  kids 
would  ha\'e  been  frusti-ated." 

The  way  to  eliminate  this  use  of 
obscenity,  he  said,  is   to   ignore  it. 


Santa  Barbara,  Calif.  (EP)  —  Epis- 
copal Bishop  James  A.  Pike  has  con- 
firmed reports  he  will  man-y  for  the 
third  time  even  without  clear  per- 
mission from  his  successor  in  the 
Episcopal  Diocese  of  California. 

His  bride  is  Miss  Diana  Kennedy, 
31,  who  assisted  the  Bishop  in  writing 
his  latest  book.  The  Other  Side,  nar- 
rating Pike's  experiences  with  psy- 
clnic   advenitures. 

Miss  Kennedy  is  e.xecutlve  director 
of  the  New  Pocus  Foundation  of  San- 
ta Barbara,  an  organization  conduct- 
ing research  for  the  bishop  and  heip- 
ing  individuals  "in  transition"  from 
religion  to  religion,  or  from  religion 
to  secular  life. 

Present  Episcopal  practice  says  a 
divorced  person  must  secure  permis- 
sion of  his  bishop  before  remarrying. 

However,  Bishop  Pike  said  he  did 
not  believe  excommunication  was  In-j 

POLLS    91ST    CONGRESS    ON  j 


Washington,  D.C.  (EP) — An  author- 
itative religious  census  of  the  new 
congress,  published  by  Christianity 
Today,  shows  that  the  religious  bal- 
ance among  members  of  the  91st  Con- 
gress wUl  be  much  the  same  as  Itsl 

Toitals  of  only  two  religious  groups 
changed  by  more  than  one,  the  census 
noted.  The  number  of  Roman  Catho- 
lics In  the  House  and  Senate  rosei 
two  to  111.  The  Methodists,  largest 
Protestant  group  in  the  Congress,^ 
dropped  three  to  90. 

The  journal  found  from  Its  survey 
that   figures   "indicate   something   of 
the  prestige   and   social   involvement: 
of   America's   religious   groups,   on   a| 
personal  basis."     It  fo'und   the   afflu-| 
ent,  largely-white,  British-backgroundj 
denominations  ranlvurg  highest  when 
their   total   of   Congress   members  is 
compared   with   the  church   me'mber 
ship  total.    The  leaders  are  the  Uni 
tarian  -  Universalists,  Presbyterians 
Episcopallajis,      and      the      Unltec 
Church  of  Christ. 

Gains  were  recorded  of  one  apdec« 
by  several  little-represented  groups 
including  the  Latter-Day  Saints,  Lu 
therans,  and  Greek  Orthodox.  Th( 
Orthodox  chui-ch  never  had  a  memi, 
ber  of  Congi-ess  on  record  until  tw<! 
were  elected  to  the  House  in  1966 
The  third  is  Pennsyh-ania  Democra  i 
Gus  Yatron. 

The  70,000-member  Christian  aji(| 
Missionary  Alliance  has  Its  firs  t  mem  | 
ber  of  Congress  in  Wllmer  Mlzell,  : 
North  Carolina  RepubUcan  nicknam 
ed  "Vinegar  Bend"  who  formerl;, 
pitched  for  the  St.  Louis  Cardinal  i 
and  the  Pittsburgh  Pirates.  I 

The  U.S.  Senate  gets  Its  fu-st  meirl 
l3er  from  the  tiny  Schwenkfeldej 
Church  in  Pennsylvajiia  RepubUoa.! 
lllchard  Schweiker.  The  group  cj 
2,400  members  Is  historically  relate 
to  the  Amish. 

Christiivnity  Today's  new  census  c 
the  governors  shows  9  Methodists, 
Romaji  Catholics,  7  Baptists,  6  Epi: 
ccpalians,  6  Presbyterians,  4  Unite 
Church  of  Christ,  3  Christian  Churc' 
(Disciples  of  Christ),  2  Lutherans, 
Latter-Day  Saints;  and  1  each  ff 
Jewish,   Unitarian,  and  "Proitestant 

February   1,   1969 

Page  Twenty-five 

BRETHREN in  the  World 


To  Brethren  men: 

Orir  John  Porte  has  returned  to  his  first  love,  law  en- 
'orcement.  In  his  home  toivn  of  South  Betid,  hidiana, 
ifter  having  served  THE  BRETHREK  CHURCH  as 
Jeneral  Secretary  for  a  number  of  years. 

The  accompanying  article  n-as  written  out  of  his  ex- 

The  question  occurs  to  ye  ed:  "Hotu  many  of  our 
Brethren  Chtirches  are  supporting  the  existing  temper- 
mce  or  alcohol  problem  organizations  in  our  states  hy 
•/ranting  them,  entrance  into  our  pulpits  on  an  annual  or 
'emi-annual   basis?" 

We  do  ivell  to  support  the  forces  that  are  comhatting 
'he  social  evils  of  our  day.    F.  S.  B. 

ARE  YOU  interested  in  statistics?  Nei- 
ther am  I,  usually.  But  when  I  am 
told  that  one-half  of  our  population  is 
soon  to  be  teenagers,  or  close;  and  when 
I  am  told  that  one-half  of  these  may  gi-ow 
to  be  alcoholics,  then  I  can  become  very 

Is  alcoholism  a  disease  or  a  bad  habit? 
Is  it  a  cowardly  escape  from  everyday  life, 
or  a  false  need  to  prove  how  strong  we 
are?  Are  we  trapped  into  thinking  we 
must  become  involved  because  everyone  else 
is  doing  it? 

Tommy  has  been  drinking  since  he  was 
eight  years  old  since  his  family  felt  that 
one  beer  doesn't  hurt  anyone.  As  a  teen- 
ager, drinking  that  one  beer  was  necessary 
at  family  and  friendly  parties  to  stimulate 
interesting  activities.  As  a  young  adult, 
that  same  one  beer  made  his  conversation 

more  sparkling  .  .  .  besides  that,  off-color 
humor  and  wit  are  more  acceptable. 

Tommy  came  to  us  as  a  burglar.  He 
needed  parts  for  his  car.  A  friend,  over 
that  one  beer,  suggested  and  aided  a  break- 
ing and  entering.  Two  weeks  after  his  day 
in  court,  and  after  another  beer,  Tommy  was 
transporting  his  teenaged  baby  sitter  to 
his  home.  Enroute,  two  stops  were  made 
and  each  time  he  forced  his  attentions  on 
the  fifteen-year-old. 

The  easiest  method  of  handling  Tommy 
would  be  to  send  him  to  prison,  as  he  may 
deserve,  then  he  would  be  out  of  society 
and  could  harm  no  one.  As  citizens,  we 
will  have  performed  our  duty.  We  could  sit 
back  and  speculate  on  who  erred  and  what 
Tommy  might  have  been.   You  be  the  judge. 

After  that  one  beer  Tommy  wants  to 
tear  down  the  house.  Sober,  he  is  a  very 
likeable  person.  After  that  one  beer,  Tom- 
my tries  to  fight  anyone  or  anything  that 
moves.     Sober,   Tommy  is  just  Tommy. 

He  has  a  family  that  deserves  something 
better  than  an  ex-convict  husband  and 
father.  He  is  an  able  and  skilled  employee. 
Tommy  needs,  and  needed  help. 

Help  can  come  from  Brethren  in,  but 
not  of,  the  world.  We  cannot  help  by  sit- 
ting back  with  our  heads  in  the  sand  and 
hoping  we  won't  be  hit  or  hurt. 

Alcoholism  is  not  a  disease  in  that  sci- 
ence cannot  pin-point  a  causative  geim  or 
virus.  It  is  a  disease  in  that  it  can  be 
treated  medically,  but  the  treatment  of  the 
disease,  if  it  is  a  disease,  must  start  long 
before  the  infection  sets  in.  Here  is  where 
we  may  help  and  be  a  part. 

Do  you  know  what  goes  on  in  and  aJound 
your  school?  Have  you  been  to  P.T.A. 
lately?  Attended  a  School  Board  meeting? 
Have    you    talked    to    a    teacher    or    a    bus 

Page  Xwenty-six 

The  Brethren  Evangelist  i 

driver?  You  may  not  have  a  pupil  but  you 
still   pay  the  bill. 

Are  you  complaining  about  insurance 
rates?    Have  you  asked  for  some  reasons? 

We  live  in  a  "new  morality"  society 
where,  among  other  things,  drinking  is  ac- 
cepted as  a  normal  way  of  life.  Our  con- 
versation isn't  brilliant  and  we  are  square 
unless  we  are  stimulated.  Afraid  of  be- 
ing wall  flowers  or  shunned:  is  it  manly  or 
lady-like  to  have  the  courage  to  refrain? 
In  many  quarters  it  is  a  breach  of  a  ques- 
tionable code  of  etiquette  for  a  host  not  to 
serve  drinks,  regardless  of  the  guests.    Our 

people  should  learn  to  respect  the  rights  on 
weaknesses  of  others. 

The  corner  bar  isn't  on  our  schedule,  so 
we  ignore  the  possibility  of  serving  under- 
aged  clientel  or  of  sales  through  the  reari 

We  have  learned  long  ago  that  any  law 
may  be  enforced  only  to  the  extent  that 
you,  the  people,  want  it  enforced.  Tommy 
is  a  real  person.  Tommy  is  not  his  name 
but  he  exists  and  his  problem  is  very  real.! 

Brethren  must  pray,  then  add  hands, 
feet,  voice  and  concern  to  those  prayers. 
We  have  let  others  do  it  for  us  too  long. 



I    WAS    THINKING  — 

DURING  THE  HOLIDAYS  a  toitally  imwelcome  guest 
invaded  our  establishment  generously  bestowing 
merciless  misei-y  on  everyone  ajvailable.  Perhaps  the 
flu-bug  confused  itself  with  Santa  as  it  delivered  its 
unique  greetings  across  the  country.  For,  m  many  homes 
and  places  planned  festivities  and  food  either  failed  to 
materialize  or  waited  patiently  for  recognition  while  pa- 
tients struggled  determinedly  to  keep  the  tradition  of  the 

Nevertheless  there  are  always  blessings  to  more  than 
compensate  for  disaj^pointments  and  this  Christmas  ex- 
perience proved  it  again.  The  une.Npected  kmdnesses  e.\- 
pressed  by  many  through  words  and  deeds  from  near  and 
far  brought  happiness  long  to  be  remembered  and  treas- 
ured. Among  these  blessings  is  one  that  is  very  special 
— ■  an  unusual  dream,  so  different  than  any  I've  formerly 
e.Kperienced,  yet  so  —  beautiful. 

There  were  several  of  us,  family  perhaps,  standing  on 
our  front  lawn  watching  cloud  formations  in  the  eastern 
sky.  There  was  no  feeling  of  fear  in  anticipation  of  a 
storm  or  anything  unusual,  just  interested  curiosity. 
High  above  and  to  our  right  a  large  grey-white  cloud  was 
separating  into  two  sections  before  a  backgroimd  of 
blue-grey  sky.  The  section  farthest  to  the  right  took  on 
a  distinctive  rectangular  shape  similar  to  a  crest  or 
emblem  sharply  outlined  with  a  wide  white  border  with 
the  letters  N,  E,   S  and  W  clearly  visible.  Instantly  we 

realized  the  implication;  also  that  they  were  directionallj 
correct.  Then  glancing  quicldy  to  see  what  form  tht 
other  cloud  section  was  taking,  our  eyes  were  drawn  tc 
the  sky  itself  as  it  seemed  to  be  splitting  diagonaUj 
from  the  emblem  to  a  point  in  our  own  driveway  to  ouj' 
left.  As  our  eyes  followed  its  line  we  heard  a  grea 
voice,  not  loud  and  blasting  as  from  a  microphone  bu 
firm  and  pleasant,  filling  the  air  all  around  us,  saying 
"This  is  my  beloved  Son,  hear  and  believe  Him!" 

We  fell  to  our  knees  in  awe  and  ecstasy  as  we  sav 
Jesus  standing  there  as  one  of  us  yet  radiantly  glorious 
Gasping  for  breath  I  cried  out  "Oh  He's  beautiful,  beau 
tiful,  so  beautiful!  Then  suddenly  realizing  the  adjective 
I'd  used  might  not  have  been  qiute  appropriate,  a  wavi 
of  embarassment  swept  through  me.  Only  for  a  second 
for  though  He  was  perhaps  at  least  fifty  feet  away  Hi 
eyes  and  smUe  reflected  His  understanding,  His  compas 
sion  and  even  a  hint  of  humor,  and  I  awakened  abruptly 

A  sense  of  disappointment  enveloped  me  as  I  realizei 
it  was  a  dream  for  I'd  have  liked  to  have  continued  ii 
His  presence.  But,  reviewing  the  content  of  the  drean 
brought  a  deep  feeling  of  gratitude  for  the  truth  of  it 

The  melody  and  words  of  "In  The  Garden"  came  int>) 
my  thoughts  and  soon  sleep,  peaceful  and  restful,  claim 
ed  me  until  morning.  Happiness  is  —  Jesus  Christ,  Lopq 
and   Savior. 

February  1,   1969 

Page  Twenty-seven 



A  Report  on  the  "Snow  Ball 

by  REV.    FRED    BURKEY 


"Excilting"  is  the  word  which  best  describes  the  holi- 
iay  retreat  recently  held  for  Brethi-en  young  people  at 
f"our  Brooks  Bible  Conference  Center,  PipersviLLe,  Penn- 
lylvania.  Despite  the  cold  and  sometimes  unpredictable 
weather,  fifty-seven  young  people  fixan  five  states  and 
'our  districts  gathe^-ed  to  share  their  lives  and  witness 
Miili  other  Brethren  youth.  After  this  enjoyable  expe- 
rience, there  seems  to  be  no  end  to  the  possibilities  foi' 
rhe  Brethi-en  Church  and  its  youthful  members.  Let  me 
]eU  you  about  it! 

As  previously  announced,  registratioin  was  limited  to 
juniors  in  high  school  through  college  age  youtli.  Thus 
ve  had  twenty-two  coUege  students  (representing  tweh'e 
x>Ueges  and  universities)  and  thirty-five  high  school 
jtudents  in   attendance. 

These  young  people  were  challetnged  during  the  re- 
xeat  by  Dr.  Edmund  P.  Clowney,  president  of  West- 
ninslter  Theolog'icai  Seminary,  who  brought  foiu-  mes- 
sages relating  to  "Your  Name  and  Your  Calling." 
Phroughout  the  program,  Dr.  Clowney  brought  each  of 
js  face  to  face  with  the  importance  of  being  the  person 
jod  has  called  us  to  be. 

After  each  message,  questions  were  welcomed  and  dis- 
;iission  was  encotu-aged.  Various  discussion  groups  were 
'ormed  imder  the  leadership  of  Dr.  Shultz,  the  men  who 
icted  as  "district  co-ordinators"  for  the  retreat  and  my- 
self. These  men  did  a  tremendous  job!  Rev.  Richard 
Ulison,  pastor  of  the  Jefferson,  Indiana,  Brethren  Church, 
organized  and  led  a  delegation  of  se^'enteen  youthful 
tioosiers  on  the  700  mile  trip  to  Pipersville.  When  he  ar- 
rived, he  said,  "It  only  took  fourteen  houi"s!"  How's  that 
jor  a  positive  attitude? 

Rev.  Robert  Keplinger,  who  served  as  Pennsyh'arda 
poordinator,  was  spared  an  arduous  journey,  having  to 
pome  only  about  thirty  miles  from  his  home  in  Levit- 
lOwn.  Rev.  Keplinger  was  in  charge  of  an  impressive 
jandlelighting  service  Which  ushered  in  tlhe  New  Yeai-, 

The  Southeastern  district  ooordinator  was  Rev.  Richard 
(funs,  pastor  of  the  district's  newest  dhurch  at  Chandon, 
l^irginia.  Pastor  Kuns  led  the  group  in  an  informal 
hought  provoking  worship  service  Monday  evening  in 
-ddition  to  serving  as  a  discussion  leader. 
j  Ohio's  delegation  was  organized  by  Rev.  Donald  Rine- 
art  of  SmithvUle.  Combining  the  talents  of  Don  and  Jan 
Mrs.   Rinehart),   who  played   a  guitar  and   ukelele,   the 

group  made  much  "joyful  noise,"  singing  various  folk 
songs  and  hymns  with  great  vigor. 

Dr.  Joseph  R.  Shultz,  dean  of  the  Ashland  Theologioal 
Seminary,  who  had  a  heavy  schedule  of  meetings  and 
family  obligations,  also  made  the  time  to  be  present  and 
serve  as  a  resource  person  during  tire  retreat.  Unfor- 
tunately, Dr.  Shultz  was  the  first  victim  of  the  icy  tobog- 
gan run.  His  injuries  included  two  skinned  knuckles  and 
a  wrenched  knee.  From  that  point  on,  he  was  affection- 
ately known  as  "hopalong." 

The  only  real  "catastrophe"  occui-red  when  the  Rine- 
harts'  toboggan  ovei-tumed  and  Mi-s.  Rinehart  injured 
her  right  knee.  The  injury,  while  not  of  great  severity, 
was  extremely  painful,  necessitating  the  immediate  pur- 
chase of  crutches,  etc.  At  last  report,  Jan  was  "coming 
along  fine"  and  "making  the  most"  of  her  injury. 

New  opportunities  for  Christian  sei-vice  were  pre- 
sented by  Mr.  Jim  Gerhart,  of  the  Christian  Service 
Corps.  This  interdenominational  organization  provides 
contacts  for  evangelical  Christians  of  all  ages  to  find 
meaningful  short  teiTn  missionaa-y  work  in  almost  any 
part  of  the  world,  doing  the  jobs  they  ai-e  trained  and 
qualified  to  do.  Current  needs  include  every  vocation  from 
agriculture  to  engineering.  A  term  in  the  CSC  would  cei^- 
taiitly  be  a  stimulating  e.xperience,  whether  the  work  is 
done  in  the  U.S.A.  or  overseas.  Here  is  the  church's  an- 
swer to  the  Peace  Corps,  and  an  opportunity  for  distinc- 
tively Christian  Sei^vice. 

I  must  say  that  I  was  greatiy  pleased  by  the  response 
to  the  "snowless"  Snow  Ball.  It  seemed  that  each  one 
in  attendance  did  explore  the  "Outer  Dimension"  of  his 
life.  Since  our  gi-oup  was  made  up  of  committed  Christian 
you  til,  I  am  certain  that  most  renewed  their  commit- 
ment to  Christ  and  will  seek  new  opportunities  to  serve 
him  wherever  they  are. 

Our  vision  for  the  futui'e  of  the  church  can  be  un- 
limited if  we  win  but  cultivate  the  resources  which  God 
has  given  us.  In  our  midst  at  Four  Brooks  were  people 
who  are  training  for  various  life-vocations  and  whose 
talents  the  church  needs.  Ecclesiastically  speaking,  most 
of  those  participating  wiU  not  be  preachers  .  .  .  but  they 
are  more  than  mere  laymen!  They  are  sincere  Christians 
whose  Uves  and  work  will  make  the  message  of  Christ 
relevant  in  the  space  age. 

I  encourage  every  church  to  cultivate  its  youth  for  they 
hold  un'told  promise  and  they  are  the  key  to  the  future ! 

Page  Twenty-eight 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


Photos  by  Bruce  Dodds 

Resource  Leader,  Dr.  Clowney 
Fielding  a  question 

Dr.  "Luigi"  Shultz,  serves  Spaghetti  to  Becky  Barker 

Vince  Lombaidi?  Not  really,  just 
Rev.  Allison  getting  his  team  in  shape 


Wait  'til  the  Red  Wings  hear*  about 

this!  Jeanne  McPherson  and  Ray  Allison 

try  out  the  ice 

February   1,   1969 

Page  Twenty-nine 


Wheelei'-Dealers,   Pat 
Wortinger  (Goshen)  and 
John  Steiner   (SmithviUe) 
tiy  to  pull  a  "fast  deal" 
during  a  game  of  High 
Finance.    Pat  attends  Ball 
State  University,  Muncie, 
Indiana,  and  John  is  a 
senior  at  Ohio  University, 
Athens,  Ohio 

Chow  Time  was  a  favorite 
at  Four  Brooks.  Plenty 
of  hot  food  was  required 
to  keep  the  crew  going. 
Here  we  caught  a  group 
of  Hoosiers  ready  to 
taste  the  spaghetti 

"Cue  ball  in  the  side 
pocket!"    The  man  behind 
the  cue  ball  is  David 
Benshoff   (Hagerstown. 
Md.  and  Ashland  College). 
Coaching  are  Carol  Welty 
(Levittown)   and  Robert 
Young    (Vandergrift  and 
Ashland  College) 

Page  Thirty 

The  iSrethren  Evangelis 




"People  Need  Help"  was  the  theme  of  a  Brethreii 
Youth  Field  Trip  coiiducted  tor  the  junior  high  and  older 
youth  of  the  Mid-West  District  on  December  30th,  in 
Topeka,    Kansas. 

Pour  cai-loads  arrived  at  the  Menninger  Foundation  at 
10  a.m.  for  a  new  adveniture.  The  Menninger  Foundaltion 
is  known  the  world  over  for  its  excellence  in  psychiatric 
research  and  ti'eatment.  Upon  arrival  we  were  imme- 
diately shown  a  fiimstrip  telling  the  development  and 
nature  of  their  work.  Then  tlie  Rev.  Hayes,  a  pastor  in 
clinical  training  at  the  Foundation,  spoke  to  us  concern- 
ing the  goals  of  the  Foundation.  We  wei'e  then  given  the 
opportunity  to  tour  tlie  museum  both  of  the  Foundation, 
and  the  personal  collection  of  Dr.  WUl  Menninger.  One 
of  the  mosit  popular  rooms  displayed  variO'US  means  that 
have  been  used  to  confine  patients  with  an  emotional  dis- 
order in  days  gone  by.  They  were  in  sharp  contrast  to 
the  methods  and  pliilosophy  of  psychiati-y  today. 

The  gi"Oup  then  traveled  to  the  Rochester  Communilty 
Church  of  the  Bi-ethren  on  the  north  side  of  Topeka 
Where  the  ladies  of  the  dhuroh  had  prepared  a  delicious 
lunch  for  all. 

Followmg  the  lunch  a  fikn,  "The  Parable,"  was  sliown. 
Rev.  Brian  Moore  then  conducted  a  discussion  on  the 
meaning  and  application  of  the  film  to  O'Ur  lives  as  Chris- 
tians, and  coirrelated  the  film  with  our  experience  at  the 
Menningei-  Foundation.  AU  this  gave  meaning  to  the 
theme,  "People  Need  Help,"  and  our  responsibility  as 
Christians  to  help  them.  Many  agreed  it  was  one  of  the 
most  interesting  and  challenging  activities  the  youth  of 
the  district  have  enjoyed  for  many  years. 

At  approximately  3  p.m.  the  group  was  dismissed  and 
all  returned  home  safely. 

The  Derby  Brethren  were  represented  by  5  youth  and 
1  adult;  Fort  Scott  by  7  youth  and  1  adult;  and  Mulvane 
by  8  youth  and  2  adults;   a  total  of  24  persons. 

The  activity  was  sponsored  by  the  Mid-West  District 
Boai-d  of  Chi'isitian  Education. 


Some  day,  tlie  sun  will  ever  shine ; 

No  clouds  will  hover  near. 
There'll  be  an  end  to  suffering; 

An  end  to  doubt  and  fear. 

Some  day  we'll  see  the  Savior's  face; 

He'U  talk  with  you  and  me. 
We'll  walk  the  vale  and  hold  His  hand; 

How  glorious  that  will  be! 

Norman  McPherson 

This  is  for  you! 



Two  new  filmstrips  for  Easter  have  been  addet 
to  the  fiimstrip  hbrary  maintained  by  the  Boarc 
of  Christian  Education.  These  fibiistrips  are  es 
pecially  for  junior  age  young  people  and  are: 

P-16     Courage  of  the  Cross  —  45  frames,  cole 
draws,  rec  &  man.,  junior  7  min. 

Despite  warnings  of  his  friends  not  to  go  til 
Jerusalem  for  the  Passover,  Jesus  goes  any 
way.  He  enters  the  city  in  a  joyous  proces 
sion,  bravely  confronts  his  critics  and  ene^ 
mies,  observes  the  Feast  of  the  Passover  witl 
his  disciples,  is  arrested  and  tried,  and  final 
ly  demonstrates  God's  love  at  Golgotha. 

P-17     Son  of  the  Living  God  —  42  frames,  colai 
draws,  rec  &  man.,  junior,  7  min. 

The  grief  and  fear  experienced  by  Jesus'  fol| 
lowers  following  the  crucifixion  turns  to  jo; 
and  hope  with  the  resurrection  events,  a; 
they  realize  Jesus  is  truly  Lord  and  Savion 
and  are  given  power  to  do  his  work. 

A  number  of  other  Easter  filmstrips  are  alsi 
available  for  all  ages.  Consult  your  fiimstrip  cat 
alog.  (Remember,  this  listing  is  in  the  Christiaij 
Education  Handbooks  that  ai"e  now  in  the  possep 
sion  of  many  pastors  and  churches). 

When  ordering,  please  allow  at  least  two  weekl 
for  delivery!  Include  the  catalog  number  of  thi 
fiimstrip,  its  title,  a  second  and  if  possible  thir: 
choice,  showing  date,  your  name  and  addresi' 
This  information  should  be  sent  to:  Boai'd  c 
Christian  Education,  524  College  Avenue,  Asl; 
land,  Ohio  44805.  Rental  fee  is  $L00  per  filn* 
strip  per  showing. 

Let  us  put  Christ  into  your  Easter  —  visuallj; 

February  1,  1969 

Page  Thirty-one 

Sch  m  lis  e  r '  s 

C  hatterbox  — 

TT'S  A  LITTLE  LATE  for  making  New  Year's  resalu- 
-*■  tions,  but  it's  not  too  late  for  a  few  "Februai-y  resolu- 
tions." Think  about  your  Sisterhood  society  for  a  mom- 
ent. Is  it  still  at  the  same  place  it  was  last  year  at  this 
time?  You've  had  a  whole  year  since  then  to  impro\'e 
both  yourself  and  your  Sisterhood.  Did  you  try?  Wheth- 
er you  did  or  didn't,  you  now  have  another  year  lying 
ahead  of  you.  Make  the  most  of  it  by  refusing  to  re- 
main at  a  standstill.  Let's  get  those  minds  turning  on 
new  ideas  for  Sisterhood.  Surely  some  of  you  can  come 
up  with  som.ething  that  will  really  start  things  rolling  in 
your   group. 

Patronesses,  you  can  help  in  a  big  way  here.    If  you 
don't    show    intei-est    and    show    some   initiative,    neither 

will  your  society.  Gear  programs  to  the  needs  and  in- 
terests of  your  group.  Do  some  real  program  planning. 
The  girls  themselves  should  participate  in  program  plan- 
ning under  your  giudance.  What  better  way  to  plan  pro- 
grams that  will  interest  them?  Don't  feel  obligated  to 
use  progi-am  material  printed  in  the  Brethren  Eviuigelist 
every  month  if  something  else  will  interest  the  girls  more, 
and  be  more  meaningful  for  them.  Encourage  them  to 
read  and  study  the  articles  on  then  own  when  they  are 
not  used  for  a  program. 

Start  the  new  ye^ar  right.  If  you  aren't  satisfied  with 
things  the  way  they  are,  don't  just  sit  there  complaining, 
do  something!  Make  this  the  best  year  ever  for  your 


PLEASE  keep  in  mind  that  The  Brethren  PiibUshing  Company  lias  step- 
ped out  on  faith  to  purchase  new  equipment  to  modernize  the  print  sliop. 
In  order  to  finance  this  venture,  the  Company  is  offering  bonds  in  the  de- 
nominations of  $500  and  $1000.  The  bonds  ai-e  dated  for  5  years  and  will 
bear  5%  interest  per  annum  to  be  paid  semi-annually. 

If  you  ai'e  interested  in  investing  in  this  project,  please  fill  out  the  blank 
below  and  mail  to  us. 

The  Brethien  PubUshing  Company 
524  College  Avenue 
Ashland,  Ohio     44805 

Gentlemen : 

The  undersigned,   

(please   print   name) 


_,  wishes  to  purchase 

$1,000.00  Bonds 

$500.00  Bonds 

My  check  in  the  amount  of  $- 

to  cover  the  purchase  is  enclosed. 


(number  and   street) 

(city,  st&te.   ziDcode) 

Page  Thirty-two 

The  Brethren  EvangelUtij 

Happiness   is   •  •  •  helping  the  weak 



Romans  15:1:    "We  who  are  strong  in  the  faith  ought  to  help  the 
weak  to  carry  their  burdens.   We  should  not  please  ourselves." 

Good  News  for  Modern  Man  i 
Please  send  your  offerings  to: 


CO  Mr.  Kermit  Bowser,  Treasurer 
246  East  Main  Street 
New  Lebanon,  Ohio   45345 

(Ac   ^let^xcK 


February  15,   1969 

No.  4 


Hie. 'BHittAat 


Editor  of  Publications   Rev.  Spencer  Genrtile 

Board  of  Editorial  Consultants 

Woman's  Missionary  Society- 
Mrs.  Charlene  Rovvser 
National  Laymen's  Organization 

Mr.  Floyd  Benshoff 

Missionary  Board   Mrs.  Marion  M.  Mellinger 

Sisterhood   Miss  Kathy  Miller 

Board  of  Christian  Education: 

Youth  Commission Miss  Beverly  Summy 

Adult  Commission   Rev.  Fred  Burkey 

Published  biweekly    (twenty-six  issues  per  year) 


534  College  Avenue 

Ashland,  Ohio  44805 

Phone:   323-7371 

Terms  of  Subscription: 

$4.00  per  year  single  subscription 

Entered  as  second  class  postage  paid  at  Ashland, 
Ohio.  Accepted  for  mailing  at  special  rate,  section 
1103,  Act  of  Oct.  3,  1917.   Authorized  Sept.  3,  1928. 

Change  of  Address:  In  ordering  change  of  ad- 
dress, please  notify  at  least  three  weeks  in  advance, 
giving  both  old  and  new  address. 

Remittances:  Send  all  money,  business  communi- 
cations  and  contributed  articles   to  above   address. 

Prudential  Conuiilttee : 

Elton  Whitted,  President;  Richai'd  Poorbaugh, 
Vice  President;   Rev.   George  W.  Solomon. 

In   This    Issue: 

Notes  and  Comments   2 

Editorial:     "A  Blessing  Through  Suffering"   .  .  3 

Sisterhood  Program  Materials  for  March   i 

Signal  Lights  Program  Materials  for  March  ...  8 

"There  Is  No  Peace" 

by  Rev.  Carl  Barber   10 

The  Brethren  Layman    13 

"House   Divided:     Escape   from   Reason" 
by  Rev.  Jerry  Flora   15 

The  Missionary  Board    19 

"Love's  Direction" 
by  Rev.  'Woodrow  Immel   22 

Report   from   Loree,   Indiana    26 

World  Religious  News  in  Review   27 

The  Board  of  Christian  Education  29 



WE  HA'VE  been  running  late  for  each  issui 
of  The  Bretliren  Evangelist.  Severa 
reasons  for  this.  The  Shop  Superintendeni 
resigned  in  July  of  last  year;  one  pressman  passec; 
away;  and  the  linotype  operator  also  resignei 
recently.  All  of  this  has  certainly  curtailed  ouii 
efficiency  considerably  1 

Things  are  looking  up  for  us,  however!  An 
nouncement  of  the  hiring  of  a  Shop  Superinten 
dent  will  be  made  very  shortly;  and  we  have 
new  linotype  operator.  Mr.  Dennis  Drushel  whi 
was  just  recently  discharged  from  the  service  ii 
■Viet  Nam  has  been  hired  as  the  linotype  operatoi 
He  is  a  good  operator  and  is  catching  on  to  th' 
Vv'oik  very  rapidly. 

Therefore,  before  too  long,  now,  we  liope  to  bi 
getting  the  magazine  and  the  other  publication 
out  on  time!  Thank  you  for  your  patience! 


WE  CAN  report  that  the  nevi^  equipment 
beginning  to  arrive!  The  new  Davidsoi 
Offset  Press  is  here  as  well  as  the  Heidelbor 
automatic  press.  Neither  one  has  been  installej 
as  yet;  we  are  waiting  for  the  factory  represen 
atives  to  do  the  installing. 

The  carpenter  has  completed  the  darkrooi 
and  other  changes  that  had  lo  be  made.  Ihi 
electrician  is  now  working  on  llie  rewiring. 

The  camera  has  not  arrived  as  yet,  neither  1ie 
the  proof  press,  but  they  will  be  arriving  befoi 
too  long. 

We  appreciate,  vary  mucli,  the  "new  look"  tlu 
is  being  given  to  the  operations  of  the  print  sho 
and  we  are  confident  that  this  is  good  for  til 
Brethren  Churcli!  | 


It  matters  not  the  least  to  God 

If  we  be  black  or  white. 
He  looks  witliin  the  heart  of  man 

With  sort  of  x-ray  siglit. 

He  breathed  into  each  one  of  us 

A  timeless,  living  soul. 
To  live  forever  with  the  Lord 

Should  be  our  aim  and  goial. 

He  made  men  just  the  way  they  are 

For  reasons  of  His  own. 
He  gave  His  Son  for  evei-y  race. 

And  not  for  one  alone. 

So  let  us  take  our  brother's  hand. 

As  on  this  earth  we  tread. 
For  we  are  equal  in  God's  sight  — 

White,  yellow,  black  or  red. 

Norman  McPherson 

February  15,   1969 

Page  Three 



H   hiessing  through   S////ennc/ 

"THE  SCRIPTURE  tells  us  that  trials  and  suf- 
■•■  fering-s  make  us  stronger  in  the  faith.  We 
)elieve  this.  Yet,  at  times  it's  hard  for  us  to  really 
uiderstand  the  full  meaning-  of  such  a  statement 
mtil  we  are  faced  with  such  afflications. 

IVtr.  NoiTnan  B.  Rohrer,  Director  of  Evangel- 
sal  Press  News  Service,  wrote  a  bit  of  human 
Qterest  story  recently  which  depicts  the  real  joy 
■f  faith  coming  through  the  life  of  a  saint  of  God 
esieged  with  much  suffering.  He  has  entitled 
he  item:  "Queen  of  the  Dark  Chamber  -  Frail 
hinese  Rejoices  in  38th  Year  of  Suffering." 

"An  ai-istocratic  Chinese  lady,  bedfast  with 
lalignant  malaria  of  the  bone  marrow,  marks 
lis  month  her  38th  year  of  suffering  through 
ageant  of  spiritual  triumphs. 

"Smiling  sweetly  in  the  darkened  room  of  her 
'axadise,  Pemisylvania,  home,  Christiana  Tsai 
>nfided  to  visitors:  'I  am  always  happy,  and  I 
onestly  can't  ever  remember  being  bitter  about 
ly  disease  or  depressed  because  I  can't  walk.' 

Three  times  in  her  78  years  physicians  have 
eld  her  hand  and  told  her  she  would  live  only 
ciother  three  days.  'I  smiled  and  they  couldn't 
aderstand  it,'  Christiana  chuckled.  'I  will  go  ar.y 
ly  the  Lord  calls  me.  Does  crying  help  me  to 
el  better?  It  doesn't.' 

"It's  hai'd  to  imagine  how  iVIiss  Tsai  could  be 
asier  if  she  was  able  to  walk.  She  occupies  a 
rge  bed  in  a  corner  room  of  the  spacious  home 
Miss  Mary  Leaman,  a  former  missionary  to 
hina  who  led  Christiana  to  the  Lord.  There  Miss 
3ai  has  lived  since  coming  to  America,  leaving 

the   house  only   twice — to   be  examined   for  U.S. 
citizenship  and  to  becoine  a  natu]-alized  citizen. 

"The  invalid  is  the  daughter  of  wealthy  Chinese 
parents  who  had  dedicated  her  life  to  being  a 
Buddhist  nun.  Shortly  after  she  met  Mary  Lea- 
man,  whose  father  was  a  pioneer  missionary  to 
China,  she  became  a  Christian  despite  the  protests 
of  her  family.  On  February  8,  1949,  Miss  Tsai  and 
Jliss  Leaman  booked  passage  on  the  S.S.  Wilson, 
the  last  passenger  ship  to  leave  Red  China,  and 
came  directly  to  Pai-adise  and  the  large  house  left 
to  Miss  Leaman  in  the  legacy  of  her  family. 

"The  two  small  lamps  in  Christiana's  room  are 
shrouded  with  black  cloths  and  no  sunlight  pene- 
trates the  shaded  windows,  yet  the  vivacious  lady 
l)usily  spends  her  time  writing  letters  or  minis- 
tering to  visitors.  A  reporter  from  a  local  news- 
paper was  impressed  by  the  lines  of  laughter 
which  characterize  her  expression,  though  she  i.- 
never  without  pain.  Miss  Tsai  has  written  the 
story  of  her  life  in  a  biography  titled,  'Queen  of 
the  Dark  Chamber.' 

"On  January  11,  the  anniversary  of  being  bed- 
ridden, she  entertained  friends  from  Philadelphia 
and  Washington.  What  did  they  do?  'We  talked 
about  the  grace  of  the  Lord,  of  course,'  said  Miss 
Tsai,  smiling." 

This  is  truly  a  testimony  of  the  faith  which 
suffering  and  trial  can  bring  to  the  child  of  God. 

Often  we  find  ourselves  complaining  of  minor 
problems,  when  in  reality  we  should  be  thanking 
God  for  the  many  blessings  of  life  which  he  brings 
to  us! 

Page  Four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


Devotional  Program  for  Marchi 

Call  to  Worship: 
Song  Service 
Cirt-le  of  Prayer 

Bible  Studies: 

Senior:     "Rocket-Riders" 
Junior:     "Clirist  on  Trial" 

Discussion  Questions: 

Seniors:     Discussion  over  cliosen  book. 

Special  Music 


"Spirit  of  Sisterliood" 

S.M.M.  Benediction 




WE  HAVE  BEEN  JUMPING  around  in  tlie  book 
of  Jolin  trying  to  learn  what  Jesus  said  about 
Himself,  li  you  remember,  we  studied  His  claim  to  be 
the  Light  of  the  World  and  the  Bread  of  Life.  He  called 
Himself  the  Good  Shepherd  and  the  Door  to  the  Fold. 
In  all  these  teachings  Jesus  was  revealing  Himself  to 
His  disciples  and  followers. 

This  month  we  are  going  to  stop  in  our  e.xamination 
of  the  "I  Am's"  and  see  what  Jesus  was  leading  up  to 
in  all  these  teachings.  He  is  showing  to  His  disciples 
and  to  us  His  God-nature  and  personality  so  that  we 
can  understand  Him  and  have  confidence  that  He  can 
meet  every  need.  In  our  lesson  today  we  will  see  that 
everything  He  says  and  does  is  done  primarily  to  prove 
to  us  that  He  is  the  Son  of  God  and  to  lead  us  to  accept 
Him  as  the  answer  in  our  lives. 

If  you  will  all  turn  in  your  Bibles  to  the  fifth  chapter 
of  John,  we  see  right  away  the  miracle  at  the  pool  of 
Bethesda.  This  is  the  familiar  story  of  the  lame  man 
who  wasn't  able  to  get  down  to  the  bubbling  waters 
in  time  to  be  healed.  Jesus  healed  the  man  in  verse  8 
and  immediately  a  controversy  arose.  The  Jews  wanted 
to  kill  Jesus  because  be  had  healed  on  the  Sabbath  day. 
That  may  seem  a  little  harsh  to  us,  but  it  was  the  law 

in  those  days.  Back  in  the  time  of  Moses  we  read  iii 
Numbers  15  that  a  man  was  found  gathering  sticks  oi 
the  Sabbath  day  and  God  told  Moses  to  stone  him  t( 

Jesus  gets  Himself  in  even  hotter  water  by  answering  I 
them,  "My  Father  worketh  even  until  now,  and  I  work.' 
He  was  telling  them  that  He  made  God  His  patten 
and  since  God  continually  worked  for  man.  He  wouk 
also.  He  called  God  "His  own  Father"  in  a  special  wa; 
which  meant  He  claimed  deity  for  Himself.  Now  th 
Jews  had  added  reason  for  killing  Jesus.  They  couldn' 
believe  that  a  man  could  be  God  or  that  God  could  b 
a  man.  Therefore,  tliey  considered  it  all  blasphemj 
which  means  mocking  God  or  making  fun  of  Hin- 
Jesus  claimed  to  be  equal  with  God  but  to  the  Jew 
He  was  an  imposter. 

The  Jews  again  had  the  law  on  their  side  for  in  Lf 
viticus  God  told  Moses,  "He  that  blasphemeth  the  nam 
of  the  Lord,  he  shall  surely  be  put  to  death."  You  mu£j 
either  accept  Jesus  as  the  Son  of  God  as  He  claime- 
to  be  or  call  Him  a  liar.  There  is  no  middle  ground. 

Jesus  continues  to  make  even  more  dangerous  claim:; 
In  verse  21  He  says  He  has  power  to  raise  the  dead,  i 
verse  22  He  says  He  will  judge  mankind,  and  in  vers: 

February  15,  1969 

Page  Five 

23  He  says  He  deserves  equal  honor  with  God.  Jesus 
knew  these  claims  would  not  be  accepted  so  He  brings 
fortli  witnesses  to  verify  His  claims  just  like  in  a  court 
trial.  They  will  prove  for  Him  that  Jesus  is  the  Messiah 
and  Savior  of  mankind. 

First,  He  says  He  Himself  could  give  witness  because 
He  knows  more  about  Himself  tlian  anyone  else.  But 
in  a  court  of  law  a  man's  personal  testimony  is  con- 
sidered biased  and  not  acceptable.  Tlierefore,  He  turns 
to  other  witnesses. 

He  calls  on  a  very  well-liked  and  respected  Jew, 
John  tlie  Baptist.  Thousands  of  Jews  had  listened  to 
John  and  believed  him  to  be  completely  truthful  and 
honest.  Therefore,  the  Jews  should  believe  what  John 
said  about  Jesus.  Already  in  chapter  1  John  has  said, 
"Behold  the  Lamb  of  God  which  taketh  away  the  sin 
of  the  world"  and  also  "I  saw  and  bare  record  that 
this  is  the  Son  of  God." 

The  third  witness  is  even  better,  Jesus  says,  for  it 
is  His  works  or  miracles.  We  all  can  name  many  mir- 
acles Jesus  performed  which  show  His  divine  power 
and  compassionate  nature.  They  were  the  works  of 
God  and  as  Nicodemus  said,  "We  know  thou  art  come 
from  God:  for  no  man  can  do  these  miracles  that 
thou  doest,  except  God  be  with  him." 

The  Father  Himself  bears  witness  to  Jesus'  divinity. 
Three  times  God  spoke  aloud  testifying  to  Jesus.  Once 
after  His  baptism,  once  at  the  transfiguration,  and 
once  after  tlie  triumphial  entry.  However.  Jesus  knew 
the  Jews  didn't  hear  the  Father's  voice  because  they 
were  not  prepared  in  their  hearts. 

His  fifth  and  final  witness  was  tlie  Holy  Scriptures 
wliicli    we    know    the    Jews    were    verv    familiar   with. 

Jesus  said,  "Ye  search  the  Scriptures.  .  .  and  they  are 
tliey  which  testify  of  me."  The  Jews  were  so  zealous 
in  studying  the  Old  Testament  and  yet  tliey  didn't  rec- 
ognize the  object  of  the  prophecy  in  the  Old  Testament 
wiien  Christ  appeared.  In  the  book  of  John  alone  there 
are  eighteen  references  to  the  Old  Testament  which 
directly  apply  to  Christ.  Jesus  said,  "Had  ye  believed 
Moses,  ye  would  have  believed  me:  for  he  wrote  of 
me."  It  is  amazing  that  they  could  not  see  Jesus  as 
tlieir  Messiah. 

Today  we  have  oven  more  witnesses.  We  liave  the 
Holy  Spirit  which  had  not  yet  come  upon  the  believer'- 
when  Jesus  was  on  earth  and  we  have  the  witness  of 
tlio  disciples  who  wrote  the  New  Testament. 

The  evidence  of  Jesus'  works  and  tlie  testimony  of 
people  who  knew  Him  is  adequate  and  convincing. 
People  do  not  reject  Jesus  because  the  evidence  of  Hi.s 
claims  is  insufficient,  but  because  they  "will  not" — 
that  is,  they  do  not  want  to — come  to  Him.  People  offer 
many  "reasons"  for  rejecting  the  Gospel  invitation: 
"I  can't  believe,"  "I  don't  understand,"  "I  have  my 
own  opinion,"  and  the  like.  Actually  these  reasons  are 
nothing  but  e.xcuses.  In  the  end,  a  girl  rejects  Christ 
because  she  does  not  want  to  receive  Him. 

In  1829  a  man  named  George  Wilson  was  sentenced 
to  death  for  robbing  post  office  mail.  President  Jack- 
son pardoned  him  but  he  refused  to  accept  the  pardon. 
The  U.  S.  Supreme  Court  ruled  that  unless  ho  accepted 
the  pardon,  it  wasn't  valid.  Wilson  refused  again  and 
lie  was  ordered  hanged.  God  offers  pardon  to  every 
sinner  because  of  Christ's  sacrifice.  A  man  who  will- 
fully rejects  that  pardon  must  pay  the  price  of  sin 
himself — and  the  "wages  of  sin  is  death."  Won't  you 
accept  His  pardon  and  receive  His  abundant  life  today  ? 




For  preparation:     Read  Genesis  1:1-5  and  in  the  New 
Testament,   read  Mark  1:1 

T  DO  DECLARE,  the  evening  newspaper,  January  27, 
1969,  reads  like  a  page  from  the  Old  Testament. 
Inch  high  headlines  read,  "Iraq  Hangs  14  Spies  as 
Thousands  Cheer."  The  article  begins,  "Iraq  today 
publicly  hanged  14  men,  nine  of  them  Jews,  on  charges 
that  they  spied  for  Israeli."  Israeli  Premier  Levi  Eshkol 
vowed  "the  Lord  shall  avenge  their  blood,"  and  Iraq 
alerted  its  armed  forces  for  a  possible  Israeli  reprisal. 
The  Jewish  Premier  continued,  "O  Daughter  of  Babylon 
that  art  to  be  destroyed,  happy  shall  be  he  tliat  repay- 
eth  thee  as  tliou  has  served  us:  the  Lord  shall  avenge 
their  blood." 

So  the  Jew  is  back  in  the  land  again,  back  in  the 
business  of  fighting  his  ancient  enemies  and  calling 
upon  the  name  of  the  Lord  for  revenge  against  those 
enemies,  and  we  Christians  who  read  and  study  our 
Bible  know  that  Iraq  or  any  other  nation  had  better 
keep  their  hands  off  that  troublesome  Jew.  for  he  is 
a  tliorn  and  a  stumbling  l^lock  to  every  nation  wlio 
has  ever  threatened  him. 

On  the  editorial  page  of  the  same  evening  paper  is 
a  long  article  discussing  the  return  of  prayer  in  public 
life,  and  special  mention  is  made  of  the  Genesis  read- 
ing by  the  astronauts  who  went  to  tlie  moon  and  of 
the  repeated  prayers  in  the  inaugural  ceremonies  ot 
President   Ni.xon.   Just   across   the   page  is   an   account 

Page  Six 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

of  poor,  demon-possessed  Madilyn  Murray  who  is  spend- 
ing all  her  time  and  energy  fighting  Almighty  God! 
Poor,  deluded  creature.  And  here  is  an  article  about 
the  terrible  floods  and  mud  slides  in  California,  and 
along  with  it  is  the  comment  of  a  famous  scientist  of 
the  great  fault  in  the  earth  which  runs  as  far  back 
as  the  Rocky  Mountains.  This  scientist  warns  that  this 
crevice  in  the  earth  is  widening  so  rapidly  tliat  Los 
Angeles  will  slide  into  the  sea  within  the  next  few 
years.  So,  we  live  in  a  time  of  change,  in  a  time  of 
beginnings,  in  a  time  of  endings,  in  a  time  of  trans- 
itions. Since  we  are  now  at  the  place  where  we  are 
ready  to  change  our  Bible  study  from  the  book  of 
Esther  to  the  book  of  Ruth,  this  might  be  the  place  to 
interpose  between  these  two  Old  Testament  heroines, 
some  comments  upon  the  modern  girl  and  her  way 
of  life. 

Everyone  in  our  age  is  talking  excitedly  of  all  the 
"firsts"  we  are  seeing  each  day,  of  great  new  begin- 
nings. In  the  midst  of  all  this  talk,  my  mind  fastened 
upon  those  tremendous  words  of  Genesis  1:1,  "In  the 
beginning — God."  My,  what  a  statement,  what  a 
mouthful,  "In  the  beginning — God."  At  this  very 
mom?nt,  out  of  the  unfatliomable  blue,  the  great  canopy 
of  space,  came  the  strong,  certain  voice  of  a  man,  a 
twentietli-century  astronaut  repeating  the  age-old  words, 
"In  the  beginning  God  created  the  heaven  and  the 
earth.  And  the  earth  was  without  form  or  \oid:  and 
darkness  was  upon  the  face  of  the  deep." 

Thousands  upon  thousands  of  years  after  Moses  had 
written  these  words,  here  was  a  modern  man  of 
science  in  a  marvelous  and  fantastic  space  ship,  utter- 
ing those  very  same  words,  not  on  earth,  but  in  the 
very  shadow  of  the  great  moon  he  flies  and  proclaims 
the  Word  of  God  to  the  wise  Old  Man  in  the  Moon.  "In 
the  beginning — God."  The  very  first  words  to  drift 
into  the  atmosphere  of  the  moon  was  the  Word  of 
God  in  the  voice  of  a  man.  So  suddenly,  we  Christians 
find  this  ancient  Bible  as  certain  as  yesterday,  as 
recent  as  today,  and  as  modern  as  tomorrow.  This  has 
always  been  so.  God's  people  have  always  been  rocket 
riders  in  mind  and  spirit,  and  now  they  are  in  body. 
God  has  always  used  atomic  energy  and  guided  mis- 
siles;  only,  we're  just  slow  to  find  it  out. 

There  are  many  passages  on  space  phenomenon  in 
the  Bible.  One  on  atom  smashing  is  found  in  II  Peter 
3:10,  "The  heavens  shall  pass  away  with  a  great  noise 
and  the  elements  shall  melt  with  fervent  heat,  the 
earth  also  and  th?  works  that  are  therein  shall  be 
burned  up."  This  foretells  the  Day  of  the  Lord  which 
is  coming,  probably  in  a  most  modern  manner. 

So  everyone  of  us  today  from  grandfather  to  the 
little  child  has  liis  eyes  focused  on  the  heavens.  Just 
as  those  cliosen  few  several  thousand  years  ago  saw 
a  marvelous  star  in  the  east,  so  are  we  seeing  marvel- 
ous things  in  our  sky.  I  was  walking  liome  from  my 
brothers  one  cold  night  after  Christmas.  Oh,  it  was 
so  cold,  but  it  felt  so  good.  The  icy  wind  stung  my 
cheeks,  and  the  warm  blood  coursed  swiftly  througli 
my  body.  I  was  alive  inside  and  out  in  a  most 
compelling  fashion,  fully  alert  to  the  secrets  of  the 
night.  The  streets  were  deserted  but  lights  streamed 
from  every  cozy  home.  The  moon  sailed  high  in  the 
heaven;  the  stars  twinkled  more  brightly  than  Jackie 
Onassis'    fabulous   emerald    ear   rings,    and    I   felt   like 

shouting  to  that  brilliant  old  moon,  "Hey  there,  you 
old  moon,  you're  not  so  far  away  after  all."  I  wondered 
what  everyone  would  say  if  I  pounded  on  all  those 
briglitly-decorated  doors  and  shouted  to  the  people  to 
come   on  out   and   look   at   God's   night. 

Well,  you  know  that  God's  people  have  always  been 
stargazers  from  way  back.  We've  long  been  air-borne. 
Our  eyes  have  ever  searched  the  sky,  for  beyond  that 
sky  are  the  purple  hills  of  home  and  a  wonderful  I 
unexplored  new  world.  We're  going  there  one  of  these  ' 
days.  We're  curious.  We  wonder.  God's  people  are 
always  curious,  always  thinking,  always  wondering, 
always  seeking,  always  adventuring.  We  seek  no  con- 
tinuing city  here.  We're  always  moving  on,  just  like 
our   God. 

You  remember  that  for  6,000  years  man's  speed  was 
limited  to  that  of  a  horse,  but  in  the  20th  century  we 
graduated  from  the  horse  to  supersonic  air  craft, 
intercontinental  ballistics,  missiles,  and  now  space  ships 
cruise  the  heavens;  and  travel  between  planets  will 
come  more  quickly   than  we  realize. 

In  the  United  States  today,  the  rocket  is  now  the 
symbol  of  our  great  power,  but  you  know  what  it  says 
in  our  Bible?  In  the  16th  verse  of  Romans  1,  it  says 
that  the  power  of  God  is  the  Gospel  of  Jesus  Christ. 
By  the  way,  the  word  "power"  is  taken  from  the  Greek 
word  which  means  dynamite.  Therefore,  the  power  or 
dynamite  of  God  is  the  Gospel,  not  the  rocket.  You 
all  know  how  dynamite  works.  When  the  electric 
switch  is  pulled  the  dynamite  explodes  into  a  mighty 
force  which  moves  everything  within  sight,  and  we 
feel  the  good,  solid  earth  tremble  for  miles  around. 
Dynamite  blasts  away  the  sides  of  mountains,  whole 
liills.  It  changes  the  course  of  powerful  rivers.  This 
past  summer  I  was  flabbergasted  to  see  and  to  travel 
on  that  million-dollar  highway  which  is  blasted  out  of 
the  side  of  the  impassable  San  Juan  mountain  range 
in  Colorado.  I  could  hardly  believe  my  eyes,  and  I 
could  not  conceive,  even  while  I  was  looking  at  it,  that 
men  were  actually  able  to  do  such  a  thing. 

Now,  I'm  not  very  well  versed  in  aerodynamics,  but 
you  know  and  I  know  that  a  rocket  is  hurled  into  space 
l3y  an  explosion  like  the  explosion  of  dynamite.  Paul 
says  that  Jesus  Christ  has  used  the  dynamite  of  His 
Father  to  blast  open  the  gates  of  Hell,  and  overcome  sin, 
the  Devil  and  man's  most  dreaded  enemy.  Death.  Jesus 
has  also  used  this  same  dynamite  to  build  a  bridge  in 
the  sky,  a  skyline  drive  from  this  earth  to  the  very 
throne  of  God,  far  beyond  any  place  man  will  ever 
penetrate  in  space.  Our  scientists  tell  us  that  we  can 
see  only  the  small  things  of  space,  anyway.  Our  radar 
will  not  search  out  the  things  of  the  upper  heavens. 
But  for  thousands  of  years  men  have  been  walkingi 
across  that  freeway  in  the  sky  from  this  world  to  the 
next.  So  you  see,  God  has  really  been  using  the  Gospel 
as  a  rocket  from  heaven  to  earth  for  many  years.- 
Mark  tells  us  that  very  thing  in  his  introduction  wheni 
he  writes,  "The  beginning  of  the  Gospel  of  Jesus  Christi 
the  Son  of  God  was  the  beginning  of  the  good  news 
to  men." 

Yes,  God's  Word  is  like  a  rocket.  It's  dynamite.  It's, 
powerful.  It's  active.  Jesus  Christ  is  also  a  rocket,  thej 
Word  of  God  made  flesh.  God  says  my  Word  shall! 
not  return  unto  me  void  or  empty.  One  of  the  mosti 
important  things  about  the  rocket  is  not  just  to  hurl' 

February  15,  1969 

Page  Seven 

it  into  space  properly,  but  to  get  it  to  return  to  us. 
That  was  one  of  tlie  really  big  scares  of  Apollo  8.  Can 
it  get  back  to  earth  safely?  God's  promise  is  that  His 
Word  hurled  into  the  hearts  and  minds  and  lives  of 
men  shall  return  to  Him  bearing  the  precious  redeemed 
live-3  of  men. 

So  that  is  why  it  is  of  the  utmost  importance  that 
you  and  I  learn  the  Word  and  teach  it  and  talk  it  and 
preach  it  and  live  it.  It  does  not  matter  how  well  or 
properly  we  .say  it.  We  don't  have  to  be  as  talented 
verballj'  as  a  lawyer  presenting  his  case.  God  will  see 
that  tlie  truth  we  speak  grows,  that  it  works,  that  it 
brings  people  into  His  presence.  We  just  sow  the  seed 
the  very  best  way  we  can,  and  God  will  bring  forth 
the  crop  in  the  best  way  there  is. 

That  old  prophet  Jeremiah  says  that  God's  Word  is 
like  a  flame,  or  a  fire.  You  know  that  when  the  atomic 
bomb  explodes,  it  makes  a  huge  fireball.  Jeremiah 
also  says  that  God's  Word  is  like  a  crushing  hammer. 
Ezekiel  says  God's  Word  is  a  life-giving  energy  like 
atomic  energy.  Isaiah  says  God's  Word  shall  stand 
forever,  which  means  that  we'll  probably  be  studying 
and  learning  about  God  forever.  You  know  there  is  no 
end  to  God.  No  doubt,  that  is  one  of  the  things  we'll 
be  doing   in   the   new   life. 

So  the  Written  Word  of  God  in  our  Bible,  and  the 
Word  of  God  in  Jesus  Clirist  are  like  two  rockets 
straight  from  heaven  into  the  earthly  existence  of  men. 
Let  us  look  a  minute  at  the  word  "guided"  missile. 
The  word  guided  is  important,  for  if  a  missile  would  go 
into  space  completely  out  of  control,  or  on  its  own,  it 
aould  crash  and  be  destroyed,  or  else  be  lost  in  illimit- 
able space,  and  we  would  never  see  it  again.  A  missile  to 
be  useful  must  bring  back  information  to  us,  must  be 
guided.  The  motivating  power  of  God  is  His  Holy 
Spirit.  "Not  by  my  might  saith  the  Lord,  but  by  my 
spirit  shall  all  things  be  done."  So  Christian  people 
listen  to,  seek  out  and  act  by  the  inspiration  of  God 
through  His  Spirit  which  Jesus  gave  to  us  at  His 

On  the  way  to  the  Garden,  the  apostles  were  very 
troubled  and  frightened.  "If  you  leave  us,  what  shall 
we  ever  do?  If  you  go  now,  all  will  be  lost."  But  He 
told  them  not  to  be  afraid,  that  He  would  not  leave  them 
hopeless  or  helpless.  "I  will  pray  my  Father,  and  He 
shall  give  you  another,  one  called  the  Comforter,  and 
he  will  abide  with  you  forever.  He  is  the  Spirit  of 
Truth  whom  the  world  cannot  receive  because  it  seeth 
him  not,  neither  knoweth  him,  l)ut  ye  know  him  for 
he  dwelletli  in  you,  and  shall  stay  with  you  forever." 
Thus,  each  of  us  is  to  be  a  missile  of  God,  guided  and 
sent  into  the  lives  of  men  by  the  power  of  God's  Spirit. 
Rockets  are  very  expensive  too.  They  cost  our  govern- 
ment millions  of  dollars.  The  rocket  from  God  to  man 
was  expensive,  also.  It  cost  Him  the  life  of  His  Son. 

Not  all  rockets  are  good  though.  Some  are  destructive 
and  used  to  destroy  men.  Satan  in  imitation  of  God  has 
missiles  and  rockets  also,  for  the  Bible  tells  us  that  he, 
Satan,  hurls  fiery  darts  of  hell  at  the  Christian  con- 
stantly. There  are  humans  involved  in  Satan's  space 
program  also.  Further,  rockets  cannot  be  useful  if  they 
never  get  off  the  ground.  Some  of  them  start  off  witli 
a  great  noise,  whirl  dust  and  materials  in  every 
direction,  huff  and  puff  at  great  length,  them  suddenlj' 
sputter  a  few  times  and  die  on  the  ground.  Don't  you 

fizzle  out  for  God.  Yes,  God  has  always  used  rockets 
and  guided  missiles  and  atomic  energy  and  the  great 
mysteries  of  space  have  always  been  in  His  employ. 

Thus,  in  his  Gospel,  Mark  reminds  us  that  the 
beginning  of  the  Gospel  of  Jesus  Christ,  the  Son  of 
God,  was  the  beginning  of  the  good  news  to  man, 
and  John  the  Beloved  wrote  in  his  Gospel  many  years 
after  Mark  that  "in  the  beginning  was  the  Word,  and 
the  Word  was  with  God  and  the  Word  was  God."  So, 
really,  it's  not  very  strange  to  have  a  modern  astro- 
naut, standing  on  the  threshold  of  the  moon  in  the 
year  1968,  repeating.  "In  the  beginning — God."  Wher- 
ever mankind  goes,  so  will  the  Gospel  of  Jesus  Christ 
who  is  the  Word  of  God  be  preached,  taught  and 
told  and  retold  as  long  as  men  have  tongues.  The 
most  exciting  story  of  this  space  age  or  any  age,  how 
God  saves  sinners,  wiU  be  heard  around  the  universe 
whether  it  is  on  this  planet  or  some  other.  Salvation 
means  to  be  saved  rather  than  wasted,  and  men  will 
always  respond  to  this  message,  for  it  makes  life  count 
for  something.  There  are  no  wasted  lives  in  God. 

Yes,  the  missionary  will  always  come,  wherever 
people  travel,  wherever  men  are  to  be  found.  Whether 
it  is  by  a  space  man  in  his  fabulous  craft,  by  a  mi  :- 
sionarj'  with  his  precious  book,  by  the  layman  with 
his  hands  of  labor,  the  chemist  with  his  laboratory, 
the  woman  with  her  family,  the  child  with  his  song; 
it  matters  not.  The  glorious  gospel  of  God  will  come 
with  them.  We  can't  stop  it  any  more  than  we  can 
stop  the  coming  of  the  new  year  and  the  passing  of 
the  old.  There  are  some  things  over  which  man  has  no 
control.  The  years  come  to  us  unbidden.  The  seasons 
follow  their  inevitable  pattern.  The  tides  ebb  and  flow 
and  the  universe  continues  on  its  inexorable  way.  God 
will  come  too.  He  is  always  spoken  of  as  a  "coming" 

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Pag:e  Eight 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

God.  We  cannot  stop  Him.  That  is  why  the  ranting,  the 
legislature  of  a  Mrs.  Murray  is  so  futile.  In  the 
ultimate,  no  one  can  slop  God.  Into  the  intermost  parts 
of  the  jungle  among  savage  tribes  not  yet  discovered, 
into  the  remote  corners  of  the  hidden  eastern  lands, 
into  the  frozen  interior  of  the  Arctic  waste  land,  some 
man,  some  messenger  of  God  just  like  John  the  Baptist 
will  someday  find  his  way.  There  will  always  be  a 
voice  crying   in  the  wilderness. 

When  men  go  to  the  moon,  and  if  men  ever  find 
another  planet  with  intelligent  life,  it  is  not  only  pos- 
sible, it  is  definite  that  men  of  God  will  take  a  rocket 
ship  to  that  far  distant  country.  We  have  no  real  way 
of  knowing  how  many  men  or  civilizations  before  the 
birth  of  our  own  race  stood  on  the  circle  of  the  planet 
we  call  earth  and  said,  "In  the  beginning — God."  A 
scliolarly  man  once  remarked  that  we  have  no  way  of 
knowing  how  many  times  God  "had  plowed  up  this 
old  earth,  and  planted  again";  how  many  times  He 
might  have,  as  Jeremiah  says,  rooted  out,  pulled  down, 
destroyed,  thrown  down,  only  to  build  and  to  plant 
again.  We  know  only  about  our  own  race.  We  have 
no  way  of  knowing  how  many  space  men  shall  stand 

on  the  threshold  of  some  brand  new  venture  and  say 
"In   the   beginning — God." 

In  the  book  of  the  Revelation,  God  says,  "I  am  Alpha 
and  Omega,  the  beginning  and  the  end."  So  really, 
it's  perfectly  normal  to  find  God  at  every  new  begin- 
ning in  the  life  of  mankind  whether  it  be  a  scientific 
endeavor,  a  space  program,  or  such  a  natural  thing 
as  the  coming  of  the  new  year  or  the  ending  of  the 
life  of  a  man. 

Witii  such  a  God  as  this,  there  is  no  reason  for  any 
Christian  to  be  earth  bound.  There  is  no  reason  for 
us  ever  to  be  out-of-date  or  out-of-life.  This  space  age 
is  the  most  glorious  time  of  all  to  serve  the  Lord.  As 
I  mentioned,  Christians  have  always  been  air-borne 
in  mind  and  spirit,  and  now  we  are  air-borne  in  body. 
We  have  at  last  found  the  best  time  of  all  for  the 
special  dynamite  of  God — this  explosive  new  age.  "The 
time  is  fulfilled,  and  the  kingdom  of  God  is  at  hand; 
repent  ye  and   believe  the   Gospel  of   God." 

P.S.  Before  next  month's  Bible  Study,  be  sure 
and  read  the  entire  book  of  Ruth  in  preparation 
for  the  weeks  ahead.  Concentrate  just  now  on  the 
obvious   story,    names,   places   and   main   events. 

Signal  Lights  Program  for  March 

Prepared  by  Mrs.  Alberta  Holsinger 

Bible  Theme:     "BIBLE    FRIENDS" 


Singing  Time: 

"Jesus  Loves  Me"  (Sing  in  Hausa 
and  English) 

"Jesus  Loves  even  Me" 
"Jesus  Loves  the  Little  Ones" 
"Jesus  Loves  the  LLttle  Children" 
(from  Action  I) 

Bible  Time: 

Jesus,  the  Children's  Friend 

(Have  various  pictures  of  Jesus 
and  the  children  on  the  bulletin 

"We're  going  to  see  Jesus!  We're 
going  to  see  Jesus!"  the  children  sang 
as  they  skipped  down  the  road. 

"Stay  close  to  us.  Don't  get  too 
far  ahead,"  called  the  mothers.  Some 
of  them  were  canying  small  babies. 
They  were  taking  their  children  to 
see  Jesus.  They  wanted  Him  to  bless 

As  they  came  near  the  place  where 
Jesus  was  teaching  they  saw  a  large 
crowd  of  people. 

"Look!"  said  the  children.  "See  all 
tho  people?" 

"Yes,"  said  the  mothers.  "These 
people  wanted  to  see  Jesus,  too." 

The  disciples  saw  the  mothers  ajid 
children  trying  to  get  through  the 

"Go  away,"  they  said.  "Don't  bath- 
er Jesus.  He  is  busy  with  the  grown- 
ups. He  doesn't  hai\'e  time  for  the 

Sadly  the  mothers  turned  away. 
Sadly  the  children  followed. 

Then  they  heard  the  voice  of  Jesus 
saying,  "Don't  send  the  children 
away.  Let  them  come  to  me.  I  love 
the  children.  I  always  harve  time  for 

Quickly  the  children  ran  to  Jesus. 
With  a  glad  smile  the  moithers  took 
their  babies  to  Him. 

He  held  the  babies  in  His  arms. 
He  put  His  hands  on  the  older  chil- 
dren and  blessed  them.  He  was  glad 
the  children  loved  Him. 

Then  the  mothere  and  the  children 
started  home. 

"We  have  seen  Jesus!  We  have 
seen  Jesus!"  sang  the  children  as 
they  skipped  happily  ahead  of  their 

"Yes,"  said  a  tiny  girl,  "and  He's 
our  friend!" 

—Based  on  Mark  10:13-16 

Memory  Tmie: 

Lulse  18:16 

Today  our  memory  verse  tells  us  i 
what  Jesus  said  to  the  disciples  when  i 
thej'  were  seaiding  the  children  away. 

Febriiiirv  15.  1969 

Page  Nine 

SDnic  v\orrt.s  ha\e  a  dit't'eri'nt  mi';ni- 
ing  now  than  they  use  to  have.  In 
this  \-erse  the  word  suffer  doesn't 
mean  to  be  in  pain  but  it  means  to 

(Read  the  verse  to  the  children. 
Give  them  copies  of  the  verse  to 
study.  Review  previous  verses.  I 

IVIission  Time: 

HiRi  Children  at  Worli  and  Play 

Higi  children  have  work  to  do  at 
home  just  as  you  do. 

The  boys  taJ<e  care  of  the  sheep 
and  goats.  They  bring  leaves  for  the 
animals  to  eat.  They  help  their  par- 
ents on  the  farm  with  the  planting, 
hoeing,  and  harvesting.  In  the  dry 
season,  when  there  is  no  garden,  they 
work  with  their  fathers  on  repairing 
huts  and  mats  and  building  new  huts. 
Sometimes  when  everyone  else  is 
gone  one  of  the  boys  may  watch  tlie 

Girls  carry  water  from  tlie  well. 
They  cany  firewood  into  the  com- 
pound. They  help  their  mothers  hoe. 
They  help  older  folks  in  the  co-m- 
pound.  They  help  take  care  of  the 
babies  and  young  children.  They 
grind  the  grain. 

Every  day  grain  must  be  ground 
Into  flour.  The  guinea  com  is  pound- 
ed on  a  large  stone  wiith  a  small 
stone.  Then  it  is  sifted  and  reground 
to  the  right  fineness. 

Both  boys  and  girls  often  have  small 
peanut  farms  of  their  own.  They  take 
care  of  these  after  they  have  finished 
their  work  for  their  parents.  The 
money  they  make  from  tlie  sale  of 
the  peanuts  is  their  own. 

Higi  children  don't  have  a  lot  of 
playthings.  Boys  like  to  wrestle  and 
play  a  game  tliat  is  something  like  a 
ball  game.  The  "ball"  is  a  roimd 
piece  of  wood.  The  group  divides  into 
two  sides.  They  face  each  other  and 
everyone  has  a  stick.  They  make  a 
line  behind  each  team  and  have  one 
person  guarding  tlie  line.  The  object 
is  to  hit  the  "ball"  over  the  oppon- 
ents' line  with  your  stick. 

The  girls  do  not  play  this  game. 
They  like  to  make  dolls  out  of  leaves 
and  sticks.  Then  they  tie  the  dolls 
on  their  backs  with  rope. 

Boys  and  girls  all  around  the 
world  are  vei-y  much  alike.  They  all 
have  work  to  do  at  home.  They  all 
like  to  play  with  their  friends  and 
to  make  things. 

Prayer  Time: 

Let  us  thank  God  that  we  can  run 

and  j>lay  iind  work.  Let  us  thajik  Him 
for  our  toys  and  the  many  other  n'lrr 
Ihings  we  have. 

Let  us  ask  God  to  help  the  Higi 
children  to  learn  of  Him.  Let  us  ask 
Him  to  show  us  ways  we  can  share 
the  good  news  of  His  love. 

Business  Time: 

1.  Signal  Lights  motto. 

2.  Roll  Call. 

3.  Discuss  our  project. 

4.  Offering. 

5.  Plan  a  party  for  ne.xt  month.  In- 
vite friends  who  do  not  go  to 
chm-ch.  Decide  how  you  can 
share  tlie  news  of  Jesus  with 
these  friends. 

6.  From  1948  to  1958  Jliss  Veda 
Lisky  served  as  a  missionary 
nurse  at  Garkida,  Nigeria.  Write 

Id  her.  Thank  hor  for  the  work 
.'^he  did  in  Nigeria.  Tell  her  you 
are  glad  she  was  and  is  willing 
to  serve  God.  Tell  her  ways  yO'U 
are  serving  H^m. 

Handwork  Time: 

A  Higi  Doll 

If  it  is  a  nice  day  the  group  will 
enjoy  going  for  a  w^alk  to  gather 
sticks  and  leaves  to  make  a  Higi  doll. 
If  they  cannot  go  out  you  will  need 
to  have  a  supply  of  sticks  and  leaves 
ready  for  them. 

Let  each  child  fashion  a  doM  as  the 
Higi  girls  do.  A  ball  of  leaves  will 
form  the  head.  Sticks  will  make  the 
body,  arms  and  leigs. 

Dress  the  doUs  with  leaves,  if  ycu 
Signal  Liglits  Benediction 


Sometime  ago  I  chanced  to  hear 

A  youthful  teacher  say, 

"There  is  no  life  beyond  the  grave; 

We  simply  rot  away. 

Some  men  believ^e  in  God  because 

They  fear  their  dying  day." 

We're  paying  men  like  this  to  show 

Our  youth  the  road  to  Hell. 

Yes,  paying  more  than  we  can  know. 

And  you  can  mark  this  well. 

We  must  wake  up  before  we  meet 

A  fate  no  words  can  tell. 

Does  he  not  know  he  has  it  wrong? 

It's  quite  the  other  way, 

For  those  who  don' t  believe  in  God 

Should  fear  the  Judgment  Day. 

"O  foolish  ones,  how  long,  how  long?" 

This  is  the  prayer  1  pray. 

How  cunningly  tlie  devil  works 

As  in  our  midst  he  creeps. 

To  turn  the  hearts  ajid  minds  of  men; 

It  seems  he  never  sleeps. 

And,  oh,  the  tears  in  heaven  shed 

For  every  soul  he  reaps ! 

Norman  iVlcPhei-son 

Page  Ten 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

There  is  no 



following    appeared    in    tlie    Wichltai 

"Tiiere'll  be  bands  and  flags  and  floats! 
in  Wichita's  Veterans'  Day  parade  Sat-i 
urday.  There'll  be  disabled  veterans,  vet-i 
erans  of  all  20111  century  wars  and  even' 
a  few  soldiers  of  the  Spanish-American; 
War.  I 

"But  the  veterans  to  vvliom  the  dayj 
may  mean  the  most  are  veterans  of  the' 
'war  to  end  all  wars' — World  War  I. 
It's  been  half  a  century  since  'the  greatest 
war  of  all  times'  came  to  an  end  at  the 
11th  hour  of  the  11th  day  of  the  lltl 
month  of  1918. 

"Five  words  on  the  front  page  of  thai 
day's  Wichita  Daily  Eagle  told  the  story;, 
'Germans  Shorn  of  All  Power.' 

"  'Everything  for  which  America  fought 
has  been  accomplished,'  read  a  proclal 
mation  signed  by  Woodrow  Wilson.  Thd 
President's  optimism  was  shared  by  th( 
populace.  After  all,  Germany,  'the  invin 
cible,'    had   been   defeated. 

"In  Wichita,  Mayor  L.  W.  Clapp  declari 
ed  the  day,  beginning  at  noon,  a  'peac« 
day.'  The  Eagle  predicted:  'Tonight  prom 
ises  to  be  the  liveliest  time  even  seen  ii 
Wichita.'  Furthermore,  'everyone  who  i 
able'  will  be  out  on  the  streets  'arme« 
with  a  dish  pan,  a  horn,  a  frying  par 
a  rattler  or  anything  else  which  wil 
make  noise.'  " 

I  remember  the  end  of  World  War  IJI 
I  remember  hearing  much  the  sami 
kind  of  talk  referred  to  in  the  abov' 
article  about  World  War  I.  All  businessej 
were  closed,  everybody  came  down  towj 
with  all  the  noisemakers  they  could  fin<( 
Never  in  all  my  life  have  I  seen  a  tumu4 

ppbniarv   15,   19fi9 

Page  Eleven 

1(1  malcli  it.  All  were  joyous,  happy,  cele- 
brants of  the  tremendous  victory  that 
was  at  last  going  to  assure  a  peaceful 
world  in  which  to  live.  War  was  dead. 
Never  again  would  nation  rise  up  against 

Much  hope  was  generated  wlicn  tlie 
United  Nations  was  successfully  organ- 
ized. But  soon  the  relationship  of  the 
World  War  II  allies,  The  United  States 
and  the  Soviet  Union  began  to  cool  off, 
and  we  were  involved  in  what  was  called 
a  "cold  war."  In  the  50's  it  was  the  Korean 
Conflict  (war),  and  now  in  the  60's,  the 
Viet  Nam  War.  This  is  to  say  nothing 
of  the  many  skirmishes  all  over  the  world 
in  between  these  wars.  Again  the  words 
in  Jeremiah  have  relevance  centuries  later 
— "Peace,  peace,  when  there  is  no  peace" 

After  thousands  of  years,  man  still  has 
not  found  the  secret  of  living  with  one 
another  peaceably.  Man  never  will  until 
Christ  conies  again!  This  fact,  however, 
does  not  absolve  us  from  the  God-given 
responsibility  to  "live  peaceably  with  all 

What  dunensiou  does  this  take  in  our 

What  about  war?  What  about  the 
scriptural  teachings  that  we  should  re- 
turn good  for  evil?  What  about  our 
relationship   with   God? 

The  Brethren  Church  is  a  peace  church. 

At  the  1967  General  Conference,  we 
went  on  record  as  endorsing  the  follow- 
ing recommendations  from  the  Peace  and 
World  Relief  Committee: 

"That  as  a  means  of  continued  support 
to  our  young  men  who  cannot  conscient- 
iously bear  arms  or  serve  in  the  armed 
forces,  we  again  register  our  opposition 
to  war  and  carnal  conflicts — our  historic 
Brethren  peace  position. 

"That  the  Conference  Secretary  file  a 
copy  of  this  report  with  the  Departments 
of  State  and  Defence  in  Washington, 
D.C.;  and  that  a  copy  of  his  correspond- 
ence be  filed  with  the  chairman  of  this 

In  the  early  history  of  the  Brethren 
Church  was  a  man  by  the  name  of  James 
Naas,  who  was  tortured  for  refusing  to 
enlist  in  the  Prussian  army.  When 
questioned  as  to  why  he  refused  military 
service,  he  replied,  "Because  I  cannot  as 
I  have  long  ago  enlisted  in  the  noblest 
and  best  army;  and  I  cannot  become  a 
traitor  to  my  King." 

Elder  Christopher  Sower  suffered  im- 
poverishment because  of  his  stand.  His 
large  and  flourishing  printing  establish- 
ment as  well  as  other  businesses  were 
confiscated  and  he  was  left  impoverished 
and  homeless. 

The  stand  of  conscientious  objection  to 
war  and  bearing  arms,  and  a  stand  for 
peace,  can  effectively  be  nothing  other 
than  a  matter  of  the  individual  conscience. 
I  have  long  felt  that  any  young  man 
who  chose  to  take  this  stand  has  every 
right  to  do  so.  The  Constitution  and 
Laws  of  the  United  States  give  protection 
to  any  young  man  who  feels  honestly 
and  sincerely  that  it  is  not  God's  will  for 
him  to  be  involved  in  the  shedding  of 
another  man's  blood.  I  have  always  been 
more  than  willing  to  help  any  such 
young  man  in  pursuing  his  rights  as  a 
citizen  of  the  United  States.  This  is, 
however,  the  first  time  I  have  so  indicated 
in  a  sermon. 

Each  year,  as  I  grow  older,  I  see  more 
and  more  the  futility  of  war,  and  become 
more  and  more  a  "Christian  Pacifist." 

Now,  I  am  a  veteran  of  the  United 
States  Army.  I  still  remember  my  serial 
number  (NG  23819026).  I  served  during 
the  Korean  Conflict,  but  not  in  Korea. 
That  decision,  however,  was  not  mine  to 
make.  It  was  just  that  the  28th  was  not 
sent  to  Korea.  I  do  not  regret  my  time 
in  the  Army,  in  fact  I  enjoyed  it,  and 
almost  re-enlisted  when  my  time  was  up. 
I  never  went  AWOL,  nor  was  I  ever  a 
deserter.  I  was  fortunate  to  work  up  to 
tlie  rank  of  Staff  Sergeant,  E-5.  I  have 
never  burned  my  draft  card,  burned  Old 
Glory,  or  in  any  way  desecrated  my 
country.  I'm  proud  of  my  country. 

"Christian  Pacificism"  has  nothing  to 
do  with  one's  loyalty  to  his  country.  It 
lias  rather  to  do  with  honesty  with  his 
own  soul  and  conscience  and  God.  I 
therefore  pledge  today,  that  for  any 
young  man  who  conscientiously  feels  it 
is  not  God's  will  for  him  to  bear  arms  or 
to  serve  in  the  armed  forces,  I  will  help 
him  in  any  way  to  follow  his  conscience. 
I  invite  any  young  man  who  is  thus 
interested  to  speak  with  me  about  this 

It  is  not  my  purpose  today  to  persuade 
you  against  your  conscience,  but  if  God 
has  spoken  to  you  about  this  important 
issue  of  the  Christian  life,  I  am  available 
for  counsel. 

What  about  the  scriptural  teachings  that 
we  should  return  good  for  evil? 

Take  a  moment  to  read  Romans  12:17- 
21.  "Recompense  to  no  man  evil  for  evil. 
.  .  .  Vengeance  is  mine;  I  will  repay,  saith 
the  Lord  ...  Be  not  overcome  of  evil, 
but  overcome  evil  with  good." 

You  see,  Brethren,  it  is  not  just  enough 
to  be  against  war.  God  wants  us  also  to 
lie  for  good. 

The  Conscientious  Objector  finds  that 
Alternative  Service  is  the  dimension  his 
stand   takes    in   his   life.   Instead   of   two 

Page  Twelve 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

yt<ais  in  I  he  armed  forces,  he  gix  (>s  two 
years  of  his  life  In  s(^rve  his  fellow  man 
for  good.  There  are  many  ways  this  is 
done.  To  illustrate,  I  would  like  to  share 
with  you  the  lives  of  two  Brethren  young 
men  who  have  selected  this  route  of  ex- 
pressing God's  love  rather  than  man's 

Clair  Miller  is  the  son  of  Rev.  and  Mrs. 
Percy  Miller  of  Dayton,  Ohio.  When  he 
registered  with  the  Selective  Service 
Board,  he  registered  as  a  Conscientious 
Objector.  When  he  passed  his  physical 
e.xamination,  the  Draft  Board  told  him 
that  he  should  begin  looking  for  a  posi- 
tion in  a  hospital  or  church  home  or 
county  home  right  away.  This  he  did,  and 
on  January  14,  1966,  he  was  informed  that 
he  had  been  accepted  by  Dettmer  Hospital, 
near  Troy,  Ohio.  He  began  to  serve  his 
two  years  on  January  31,  1966.  He  started 
at  the  hospital  as  an  orderly  in  the  Phy- 
sical Therapy  department,  working  with 
the  patients  who  were  confined  to  long- 
term  recovery  section.  In  early  April  he 
was  offered  a  job  in  the  admitting  and 
medical  records  offices.  Earl  offers  this 
suggestion:  "I  would  recommend  that 
anyone  else  begin  all  these  proceedings 
early,  including  the  registration  witli  the 
Draft  Board  as  a  C.  O." 

Steve  Haller  is  a  member  of  the  Hag- 
erstown  Brethren  Church.  In  his  earlj- 
college  days  he  began  to  wrestle  with 
the  issue  of  Christian  Pacifism.  He  read 
literature  on  the  subject.  He  studied  the 
Bible  looking  for  God's  will  with  a 
determination  to  base  his  decision  on  the 
example  and  teachings  of  Christ.  He  con- 
cluded that  His  way  was  always  to  love 
others  sacrifically,  never  violence.  The 
example  of  Christ  indicated  to  him  that 
military  service  is  incompatible  with  the 
will  of  God,  since  the  ultimate  purpose 
of  the  military  is  to  kill  and  to  destroj- 
the  enemj'. 

He  was  ordered  to  report  to  New 
Windsor,  Maryland,  on  January  3,  1967, 
to  begin  his  two  years  of  civilian  work 
in  lieu  of  military  service.  After  two 
months  of  training,  he  was  sent  to  Beth- 
any Hospital  on  the  west  side  of  Chicago. 
It  is  a  typical  inner-city  ghetto  neighbor- 
hood with  its  population  of  about  96  per 
cent  of  the  people  of  the  Negro  race. 
Living  standards  are  low  and  the  rate  of 
crime  and  violence  is  high. 

He  ,ser\es  ;is  ;i  genei'al  order'h  In  I  he 

Out  of  liis  own  heart  he  says,  "If  wt' 
are  to  serve  Christ  in  an  effective  manner, 
we  have  to  forget  our  narrow-minded 
selfish  way  of  living  and  learn  to  live 
sacrifically — giving  ourselves  unreserved 
ly  in  service  to  others." 

A  man  who  had  purchased  a  farm  was 
approached  by  one  of  his  neighbors  whc 
claimed  that  the  fence  separating  theii 
properties  was  actually  ten  feet  on  his 
side  of  the  actual  line.  He  violentlj 
informed  the  new  owner  that  he  was 
prepared  to  go  to  the  courts  with  the 
matter.  His  new  neighbor  replied,  "That 
won't  be  necessary,  we'll  just  move  the 
fence."  Whereupon  the  irate  man  turnec 
a  complete  about-face  and  said,  "Thai 
fence  stays  right  where  it  is!" 

"Recompense  to  no  man  evil  for  evil 
Overcome  evil  with  good." 

There  is  yet  a  third  dimension  thi: 
matter  of  peace  must  take  in  our  lives— 
our  relationship  with  God.  First,  we  mus 
be  at  peace  with  God.  How  can  we  be  a 
peace  with  our  friends  and  relatives,  i, 
we  are  not  first  at  peace  with  God.  The: 
how  can  we  possibly  love  and  be  at  peaC' 
with  enemies,  if  we  cannot  be  peaceff 
with  our  friends,  and  God? 

Amazingly,  God  has  taken  the  initiativ 
in  these  peace  talks.  "Therefore,  bein 
justified  by  faith,  we  have  peace  wit 
God  through  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ 
(Romans  5:1).  The  person  who  is  include: 
in  Jesus  Christ  has  this  peace  with  Goi 
This  faith  calls  for  trust  in  God.  Isaia' 
many  centuries  ago  observed,  "Thou  wij 
keep  him  in  perfect  peace  whose  mir 
is  stayed  on  thee:  because  he  trustet' 
in  thee"  (Isaiah  26:3).  Surely  this  meai 
peace  with  God  and  with  oneself.  Doi- 
it  not  also  mean  that  God  will  help  maL 
possible  for  him  to  be  at  peace  wi 
others  as  well?  The  psalmist  declare 
"Great  peace  have  they  which  love  tl. 
law;  and  nothing  shall  offend  them"  (Fj 
119:165).  When  the  child  of  God  h' 
found  peace  with  God  in  Christ,  this  pea 
must  find  expression  toward  his  fellci 

Brethren,  let  us  e.xpress  that  peace  \j 
affirm  through  lives  that  are  rooted  a, 
grounded  in  the  love  of  God.  Lives  tl" 
cannot  be  offended,  no  matter  what,  Liv 
that  can  love  the  unlovely.  Lives  tl"! 
live  the  love  of  God. 


Ephesians  3:18 



i'ebruarj'  15,  1969 

Page  Thirteen 


ames   E.   Norris 

Program  for  March 



or   devotions:     Genesis    1 


The  topic  of  tiiis  study  could  have  been,  "Stop,  Look, 
isten."  This  is  an  old  familiar  sign  to  most  of  us.  How 
'ell  it  could  be  applied  today.  Most  of  us  are  too  bus\- 
)  do  that.  In  this  first  chapter  of  Genesis,  we  are 
ware  of  two  things:  namely,  what  God  said  and  what 
od  did.  To  begin  with,  the  Bible  does  not  question 
le  existence  of  God;  it  does  not  question  tlie  autliority 
t  God,  and  it  admits  the  oneness  and  tlie  plurality  of 
lod.  Example  (v.  26a),  "And  God  said,  Let  us  make 
lan  in  our  image,  after  our  likeness."  This  was  no 
Doner  done  than  man  began  to  rebel  against  God,  and 
a5  been  in  rebellion  to  this  day. 

'epics  for  discussion: 

.  God  spoke  to  Moses  and  the  people  (Ex.  19). 
Verse  5-6,  "Now  therefore,  if  ye  will  obey  my  voice 
tdeed,  and  keep  my  covenant,  then  ye  shall  be  a 
eculiar  treasure  unto  me  above  all  people:  for  all  the 
arth  is  mine:  And  ye  shall  be  unto  me  a  kingdom  of 
riests,  and  an  holy  nation.  These  are  the  words  which 
lou  Shalt  speak  unto  the  children  of  Israel."  Moses 
ailed  the  people  together  and  "Moses  brought  forth 
lie  people  out  of  the  camp  lo  meel  witli  God;  .  .  .  and 
lount  Sinai  was  altogether  on  a  smoke,  because  the 
;0rd   descended    it    in    fire.    .    .   and    the   whole   mount 

quaked  greatly"  (vs.  17-18).  And  the  Lord  descended 
on  the  mountain,  and  spoke  to  Moses.  Shortly  after 
this  the  Lord  gave  Moses  the  Ten  Commandments. 
God  spoke  to  Job  out  of  the  whirlwind,  enumerating 
His  mighty  works,  and  showing  Job  how  little  he  knew 
(Job  38). 

2.  God  spoke  to  Elijah. 

God  spoke  to  Elijah  after  he  had  slain  the  prophets 
of  Baal.  The  rains  came;  King  Ahab  was  glad,  but 
Jezebel  was  bent  on  revenge,  and  threatened  to  take 
Ehjalt's  life  before  sundown  of  the  next  day.  Elijah 
fled  to  Beersheba,  and,  exhausted,  rested  under  a 
juniper  tree.  There  he  was  ministered  unto  by  an  angel. 
After  forty  days  Elijah  was  spoken  to  by  the  Lord. 
(Read  I  Kings  19:9-18.)  The  voice  of  God  was  not  in 
the  rocks,  nor  the  wind,  nor  the  earthquake,  nor  the 
fire — but  in  the  still  small  voice. 

3.  God  spoke  to  Ezeklel. 

Ezekiel  heard  tlie  voice  of  the  Ahnighty  in  his  vision 
of  the  cherubims  and  wheels   (Ezek.  1). 

At  the  baptism  of  Jesus,  there  was  manifested  the 
trinity.  "And  Jesus,  when  he  was  baptized,  went  up 
straightway  out  of  the  waters:  and,  lo,  the  heavens 
were  opened  unto  him,  and  he  saw  the  Spirit  of  God 
descending  like  a  dove,  and  lighting  upon  liim:  And 
lo  a  voice  from  heaven,  saying,  This  is  my  beloved 
son,  in  whom  I  am  well  pleased"   (Matt.  3:16-17). 

Page  Fourteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

4.  God  spoke  to  Paul    (Acts  9:1-7). 

(This  was  Jesus  speaking,  but  it  seems  Paul  was  the 
only  one  who  understood.)  This  is  followed  bj'  the 
vision   of   Ananias. 

5.  The  coming   of  Christ  foretold    (Rev.   1:710). 

His  message  to  you  and  I,  "Behold,  I  stand  at  tha 
door,  and  knock:  if  any  man  hear  my  voice,  and  open 
the  door,  I  will  come  in  to  him,  and  will  sup  with  him, 
and  he  with  me.  To  him  that  overcometh  will  I  grant 
to  sit  with  me  in  my  throne,  even  as  I  also  overcame. 

and  am  set  down  with  my  Father  in  his  throne.  He 
that  hath  an  ear,  let  him  hear  what  the  Spirit  saith 
unto   the   churches"    (Rev.   3:20-22). 

"Submit  yourselves  therefore  to  God.  Resist  the 
devil,  and  he  will  flee  from  you.  Draw  nigh  to  God, 
and  he  will  draw  nigh  to  you.  Cleanse  your  hands,  ye 
sinners;  and  purify  your  hearts,  ye  double  minded" 
(James   4:7-8i. 

In  closing.  Listen!  and  know  the  voice  of  God.  Look! 
God  is  everywhere;  can  be  seen  everywhere,  see  him 
when  vou  look  at  your  own  self.  Read  Genesis  1:27. 



Princeton,  N.J.  (EP)  —  Chiu-ch  at- 
tendance in  the  United  States  de- 
clined slightly  in  1968  but  stiU  re- 
mains higher  than  attendances  re- 
ported before  World  War  II,  accord- 
ing to  the  Gallup  PoU. 

Based  on  seven  national  polls  tak- 
en during  1968,  the  report  discdoses 
that  50  million  persons,  or  43  per 
cent  of  all  Americans  attended 
church  on  Sundays.  This  represents  a 
d:T,[)  of  2  per  cent  from  1967.    It  is 

fur  below  the  peak  figure  of  49  per 
cent  in  1958,  but  is  higher  tlian  the 
1940  figure  of  37  per  cent. 

In  1968,  the  percentage  for  Catih- 
(jlic  attendance  was  65,  ajid  38  per 
cent  for  Protestants.  The  decluie  in 
church  attendance  among  Catholics 
over  the  past  ten  years  has  been  9 
per  cent  while  that  of  Protestants  has 
been   5  per  cent. 

Most  of  this  decline,  acsoTding  to 
Ihe  Gallup  Poll,  is  due  to  nonattend- 
pnce  by  young  adults.  The  breakdown 
according  to  age  groups  for  1968  fol- 

lows : 

Age  Attendance 

21-29  years     34  per  cent 
30-49  46  per  cent 

50  and  over  44  per  cent 
The  higher  the  education  of  the 
adult  the  greater  the  probability  he 
wUl  attend  church  on  Sundays,  Gal- 
lup said.  Forty-se^'en  per  cent  of 
those  who  went  to  coUege  attend 
church.  While  only  43  per  cent  of 
those  with  a  high  school  education 
and  41  per  cent  of  those  with  a  gram- 
mer  school  education  attend. 


Give  to  this  offering! 

The   New    Brethren's   Home 

February   15,    1969 

Page  Fifteen 

House  Divided: 
Escape  from  Reason 


WILL  drugs  become  the  sacrament  of 
the  nineteen  seventies?  Is  a  drop 
of  LSD  on  a  sugarcube  destined  to  re- 
place the  bread  of  Holy  Commimion? 
Why  does  Dr.  George  Gallup  attribute 
the  shrinking  numbers  at  worship  ser- 
vices to  "non-attendance  by  young 
adults"?  Must  college  students  rebel?  Is 
anarchy  around  the  corner? 

These  questions  resolve  themseh'es  into 
the  single  issue  of  the  generation  gap — 
no  mere  crack  between  the  floorboards, 
but  a  chasm  400  years  wide.  Parents  in 
the  evangehcal  churches  are  living  in  the 
thought  world  inlierited  from  the  16tli 
century  biblical  Reformation,  while  their 
children  are  almost  totally  products  of 
this  century.  We  think  as  separate  cul- 
tures and  speak  in  different  languages. 
Until  church  leaders,  students,  and  their 
parents  know  how  20th  century  man 
thinks — and  understand  why —  the  situ- 
ation will   not   improve. 

This  is  the  thesis  of  an  exciting  new 
writer  in  evangelical  circles.  Dr.  Francis 
A.  Schaeffer.  Formerly  an  agnostic  and 
later  a  pastor  in  this  country.  Dr. 
Schaeffer  lives  with  his  wife  in  the  Swiss 
Alps  (yes,  he  climbs  them).  There,  and 
in  lecture  appearances  at  universities  on 
both  sides  of  the  Atlantic,  he  carries  on 
a  unique  ministry.  He  is  a  pastor-teacher 
of  seekers — mostly  young  intellectuals — 
who  want  to  consider  at  a  high  level  the 
claims  of  historic  Christianity.  Not  all 
are  believers,  either  when  they  enter  or 
when  they  leave  his  village,  but  some  stay 
to  study  with  him  for  extended  periods 
of  time. 

Last  year  Inter-Varsity  Press  released 
two  significant  books  by  Dr.  Schaeffer. 
He  contends  in  them  that  we  must  learn 
the  language  and  the  thought-forms  of 
contemporary  philosophy,  art,  music,  lil- 
erature,  and  theology  if  we  aim  at  "speak- 
ing historic  Christianitj'  into  the  twentieth 
centurv."     Just     as     a     missionarv     must 

Page  Sixteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

learn  the  culture  of  the  land  \vhere  he 
serves,  so  it  Is  imperative  that  we  come 
to  understand  the  non-Christian  world  to 
which  we  must  minister.  Without  this 
there  can  be  no  meaningful  communica- 
tion of  our  faith.  The  Brethren  Church 
could  be  quietly  revolutionized  if  pastors, 
seminarians,  parents,  and  teachers  of  the 
15-35  age  group  would  begin  now  to  work 
tln-ough  these  volumes  and  apply  their 
insiglits — tliey  are  that  important.  Escape 
from  Reason,  the  first,  describes  the 
thinl-iing  of  modern  man  and  traces  its 
antecedents.  The  book  is  short  (96  pages  i 
but  surveys  an  impressive  cultural 

The  Two-Story  Family 

Dr.  Schaeffer  begins  with  Thomas 
Aquinas,  the  13th  century  Dominican 
whose  Sumnia  Tlieologica  remains  a 
standard  te.xt  of  orthodox  Roman  Cath- 
olicism. Basing  his  thought  on  Scripture 
and  on  Aristotle,  Thomas  divided  man's 
house  of  knowledge  into  two  stories, 
nature  and  grace.  Grace  is  the  upper,  in 
wliich  revelation  instructs  us  about  God, 
heaven,  the  soul,  unity,  the  invisible. 
Nature,  the  lower  story,  is  the  home  of 
reason,  whicli  can  measure  and  come  to 
know  man,  his  body,  the  earth,  diversity, 
the  visible.  Although  the  house  of  know- 
lodge  is  divided,  there  is  a  unity  between 
the  storiss,  God  and  man  communicating 
and  interacting  on  both  le\'els. 

Thomas  taught  tliat  man's  unredeemed 
will  is  sinful,  but  not  his  intellect.  His 
mind  is  free,  unaffected  by  the  Fall,  and 
it  can  discover  all  necessary  truth  in  the 
first  floor  of  his  house,  the  realm  of 
nature.  It  is  Schaeffer's  proposition  tliat 
this  division  of  knowledge,  coupled  with 
belief  in  man's  self-sufficient  mind 
(Thomas'  "incomplete  view  of  the  Bib- 
lical Fali"),  opened  the  door  to  later 
study  of  theology  apart  from  .Scripture, 
to  philosophy  vvitliout  revelation,  and  to 
the  current  climate  of  despair. 

How  so?  Because  self-assertion  is  the 
Iieart  of  sin.  It  is  a  declaration  of  inde- 
pendence from  God,  a  denial  that  we  are 
His  creatures  and  therefore  depend  on 
I-fim.  Whenever  man  or  any  part  of  liim 
is  considered  autonomous — self  sufficient 
and  not  needing  the  Lordship  of  the 
Creator — tliat  spirit  of  self-assertion  will 
extend  itself  until  finally  its  rebellion 
obliterates  God  from  human  awareness. 
"The  point  to  be  stressed  is  that,  when 
nature  is  made  autonomous,  it  is  destruc- 
tive. As  soon  as  one  allows  an  autono- 
mous realm  one  finds  that  the  lower 
element  begins  tu  eat  up  the  higher" 
(p.  161. 

The  Renaissance  of  the  14th  to  the 
early  16th  centuries  was  gloriously  hu- 
manistic. Starting  with  man  as  the  fixed 
point  of  reference,  the  Renaissance  tried 
to  build  up  and  out  from  particulars  to 
universals,  for  man  must  find  some 
concept  which  will  give  significant  unity 
to  life.  This  helps  to  explain,  says 
Scliaeffer,  why  the  greatest  Renaissance 
genius,  Leonardo  da  Vinci,  completed  so 
few  paintings — he  insisted  tliat  eacli  one 
reveal  not  a  single  subject,  but  a  univer- 
sal idea.  (Take  the  Mona  Lisa,  for 
example.  It  is  simply  a  portrait  of  Lisa 
Gherardini,  or  does  it  reveal  something 
true  of  all  women?)  Leonardo  died  des- 
pondent because  he  could  not  find  any 
reasoned,  man-based  way  to  unite  tlie  two 
stories  and  so  move  from  man  to  God. 
His  was  the  glory  and  the  tragedy  of 
the    Renaissance. 

The  16th  century  Protestant  Reformers, 
on  the  other  hand,  maintained  from 
Scripture  that  sin  affects  man's  mind 
as  well  as  his  will,  so  that  his  thinking 
is  not  free  and  independent  and  self- 
governing.  "Only  God  is  autonomous." 
Starting  from  himself,  man  cannot  find 
a  reasoned  unity  for  the  divided  house 
of  knowledge,  for  this  thinking  is  flawed 
by  sin.  His  first  purpose  must  be  to 
glorify  God  and  to  enjoy  Him.  This  will 
include  accepting  His  authoritative  word 
about  man  and  earth  as  well  as  about 
heaven  Isola  scriptural.  It  also  will  mean 
admitting  that  our  minds  cannot  contri- 
bute to  our  redemption,  for  Christ  ac- 
complished that  in  Jerusalem  and  gra- 
ciously offers  it  to  "the  empty  hands  of 
faith"    (sola  fide). 

In  other  words,  medieval  Scholastic 
thought  lived  "upstairs"  with  the  soul 
more  important  than  the  body,  heaven 
more  real  than  earth,  and  grace  superior 
to  nature.  Renaissance  humanism  moved 
"downstairs,"  emphasizing  the  particulars 
of  this  world — the  body,  the  earth,  nature 
—  lioping,  but  failing,  to  unite  the  stories 
by  the  power  of  reason.  The  Reformers 
said  no  to  both:  God  made  the  whole 
man.  He  is  interested  in  the  whole  man, 
sin  affects  the  whole  man,  redemption 
extends  to  the  whole  man,  and  God  will 
yet  be  Lord  of  the  whole  man  in  the  now 
heaven  and  new  earth. 

"What  the  Reformation  tells  us,  there- 
fore, is  that  God  has  spoken  in  the 
Scriptures  concerning  both  the  'upstairs' 
and  the  'downstairs.'  He  spoke  in  a  true 
revelation  concerning  Himself — heavenly 
things — and  He  spoke  in  a  true  revelation 
concerning  nature-  -the  comos  and  man. 
Tlierefoi'e,  they  liad  a  real  unity  of 
knowledge"    (p.  23). 

February    15,   1969 

Page  Seventeen 

Separate  Apartments 

A  shift  of  enormous  proportions  occur- 
red in  the  18th  and  19th  centuries  accord- 
ing to  Dr.  Schaeffer.  The  situation  had 
become  secularized.  The  concept  of  man's 
free,  self-directed  mind  controlled  all 
investigation;  divine  revelation  was 
thouglit  to  be  unnecessary.  Nature  had 
pulled  grace  from  the  upper  floor  so  that 
what  emerged  was  a  lower-storj'  idea  of 
the  universe  as  a  self-contained  machine. 
(The  18th  century  was  the  age  of  the 
deists,  who  believed  that,  having  created 
the  world,  God  now  allows  it  to  operate 
according  to  programed  laws.  He  takes 
no  hand  in  it,  thus  ruling  out  all  activity 
such  as  prophecy  and  miracles.  Incar- 
nation and  Resurrection.) 

"But,  though  a  determinism  was  in- 
volved in  the  lower  story,  there  was  still 
an  intense  longing  after  human  freedom. 
However,  now  human  freedom  was  seen 
as  autonomous  also.  .  .  The  individual's 
freedom  is  seen  not  only  as  freedom 
without  the  need  of  redemption,  but  as 
absolute  freedom"  (p.  33).  Since  the  self- 
governing  machine  of  nature  already 
occupied  the  downstairs,  man  installed 
autonomous  freedom  upstairs  in  place  of 
the  no-longer-needed  divine  grace.  (But 
the  enthronement  of  absolute  freedom 
always  leads  either  to  personal  insanity 
or  to  corporate  anarchy.  Its  result  in  the 
18th  century  was  the  godless  bloodbath 
of  the  French  Revolution  and  Reign  of 
Terror,  i 

Instead  of  the  unity  he  sought  for  his 
house  of  knowledge,  man  now  had  two 
separate  apartments,  each  self-contained, 
with  no  way  of  moving  between  the  lower 
autonomy  of  nature  and  the  upper  au- 
tonomy of  freedom.  But  how  do  you  live 
in  a  world  where  there  are  two  ultimate 
authorities,  each  demanding  absolute 
loyalty?  No  man  can  be  slave  to  two 
masters.  Since  Aristotelian  logic  had  fail- 
ed to  find  a  man-based  unity  in  tlie  world, 
G.  VV.  F.  Hegel  proposed  changing  the 
laws  of  logic.  As  there  was  no  agreement 
on  an  either-or  basis,  why  not  try  both- 
and?  Bring  together  two  opposing  ideas, 
take  something  from  each,  and  with  it 
create  a  third  idea,  a  synthesis.  E.xit, 
absolutes;  enter,  relativism.  Exit,  true-or- 
false;  enter,  it-all-depends.  (This  became 
the   philosophical   basis   of   Mar.xism.  i 

Anyone  Upstau-s? 

Man  in  the  19th  century  completely 
gave  up  the  searcli  for  a  reasoned  way 
of  uniting  upstairs  and  down.  Considering 
everything  upstairs  to  be  non-rational,  he 
confined  logical  thought  to  the  lower 
level.  The  upper  story  was  sealed  off  with 
reinforced    concrete,    for    revelation    was 

now  thought  to  be  impossible  if  it  means 
rational  communication  between  God  and 
man.  Soren  Kierkegaard  finally  concluded 
that  reason  cannot  yield  a  unifying  syn- 
thesis between  opposing  ideas  on  even 
tlie  lower  level.  So  man  became  a  recluse 
lioled  up  in  the  first  story  of  his  house, 
a  captive  in  the  mechanical  world.  Here 
there  is  no  meaning,  no  significance,  no 
purpose,  no  unity,  no  final  answer.  There 
is   only  pessimism. 

(The  late  T.  S.  Eliot  once  put  it  this 

Endless   invention,   endless 

Brings  knowledge  of  motion,  but  not 

of  stillness; 
Knowledge  of  speech,   but   not 

of  silence; 
Knowledge   of   words,   and   ignorance 

of  the  Word.   .   . 
Where  is  the  Life  we  have  lost 

in  living? 
Where  is  the  wisdom  we  have  lost 

in  knowledge? 
Where  is  the  knowledge  we  have 
lost  in  information?  I 

How  can  man  live  with  himself  in  such 
a  box?  Either  he  ends  up  in  nihilism, 
knowing  and  believing  nothing;  or  he 
ekes  out  a  barren  existence,  despairing 
of  reason  below  while  blindly  hoping  for 
a  reason  above;  or  he  attempts  a  mystical 
leap  of  faith,  hoping  in  it  to  contact 
Whatever  may  be  upstairs. 

Existential  pliilosophy  and  its  20th 
century  religious  oflspring,  neo-orthodox 
tlieology  and  radical  God-is-dead  theology, 
opt  for  the  third  alternative.  They  call 
for  a  non-rational  leap  to  the  non-rational 
upper  story,  but  because  it  is  non-rational 
they  cannot  describe  or  define  either  the 
jump  or  what  it  discloses.  By  their  rules 
it  is  impossible  for  us  and  God  (If  He 
really  is  there)  to  interact  in  any  reason- 
ed, verifiable  way.  "The  essence  of  mod- 
ern man  lies  in  his  acceptance  of  a  two- 
level  situation,  regardless  of  what  words 
or  symbols  are  used  to  express  this.  In 
the  area  of  reason  man  is  dead  and  his 
only  hope  is  some  form  of  a  leap  that  is 
not  open  to  consideration  by  reason. 
Between  these  two  levels  there  is  no 
point  of  contact"  (p.  64). 

According  to  this  view,  a  person  may 
say  that  he  has  had  an  encounter  with 
the  Man  Upstairs — an  experience  of  Him 
or  with  Him — but  he  cannot  witness  to 
its  content.  Such  a  happening  is  purely 
personal,  subjective,  non-rational,  non- 
logical.  Why?  Because  what  can  be  stated, 
examined,  and  proved  or  disproved  is 
limited  by  definition  to  the  downstairs. 
Such   an   undefined   mystical  leap   to   the 

Page  Eighteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

upper  story  can  thus  never  be  tested  or 

This,  then,  is  contemporary  man  as  Dr. 
Schaeffer  sees  him.  This  is  man  in  des- 
pair on  the  left  bank  of  the  Seine  and  on 
both  sides  of  tlie  Iron  Curtain.  This  is 
the  city  of  man  in  vvliich  Brethren  are 
called  to  minister.  Having  escaped  from 
revelation  into  reason,  only  to  find  it 
unable  to  provide  significant  answers, 
man  is  now  attempting  an  Escape  from 
Reason  in  order  to  seek  the  meaning  of 
Ills  existence  in  tlie  non-reasoning  and 
non-reasonable.  It  matters  little  what 
name  or  content  is  assigned  to  the  "up- 
stairs"— the  despairing,  unreasoning  leap 
is  the  same. 

Schaeffer  supports  this  diagnosis  with 
numerous  examples  from  the  creative 
disciphnos  of  art,  music,  literature,  films, 
and  theater,  as  well  as  from  general 
culture.  The  range  of  his  illustrative 
knowledge  is  breath-taking.  Some  of  his 
more  recent  examples:  Sartre,  linguistic 
analysis,  and  the  later  Heidegger  in  phil- 
osophy: Happenings  in  art;  the  Beatles 
and  Bernstein  in  music;  the  pornogra- 
phers  and  Capote  in  literature;  Antonioni, 
Bergman,  and  Fellini  in  films;  the 
theater  of  the  absurd  in  drama;  and 
Marshall  McLuhan  in  general  culture. 

New  Theology,  New  Morality 

Theology  is  part  of  the  modern  scene 
too.  Following  Hegel's  both-and  synthesis 
and  Kierkegaard's  leap  of  faith,  the  pupils 
of  Karl  Barth  hold  that  "the  Bible  con- 
tains mistakes,  but  we  are  to  believe  it 
anyway.  'Religious  truth'  is  separated 
from  the  historical  truth  of  the  Scriptures. 
There  is  no  place  for  reason  and  there  is 
no  point  of  verification.  This  constitutes 
the  leap  in  religious  terms"  (p.  51).  Some 
evangelicals  have  contended  that  these 
points  are  unimportant — "what  matters 
is  an  encounter  with  Jesus.  When  a 
Christian  has  made  such  a  statement  he 
lias,  in  an  analysed  or  unanalysed  form, 
moved  upstairs"  (p.  76). 

Such  views  may  use  scriptural  terms 
I  Jesus,  God,  resurrection"),  they  may 
break  up  on  the  rock  of  Pontius  Pilate's 
question,  "What  is  truth?" 

"If  what  is  placed  upstairs  is  separted 
rationality,  if  the  Scriptures  are  not  dis- 
cussed as  open  to  verification  where  they 
touch  the  cosmos  and  history,  why  should 
one  then  accept  the  evangelical  upstairs 
any  more  than  the  upstairs  of  the  modern 
radical  theology?  On  what  basis  is  the 
choice  to  be  made?  Why  should  it  not 
just  as  well  be  an  encounter  under  the 
name  Vishnu?  Indeed,  wliy  should  one 
not  seek  an  experience,  wiihuut  tile  use 
of  any  such  words,  in  a  drug  e.xperience?" 

I  p.   77). 

Careful  definition  is  out  in  the  new- 
style  theology;  connotation  is  in.  Defined 
terms  belong  downstairs;  upstairs  general 
associations  are  employed.  Schaeffer  cites 
tlie  frequent,  fervent  use  of  the  word 
"Jesus"  by  the  adherents  of  the  new 
morality.  "It  is  now  Jesus-like  to  sleep 
with  a  girl  or  a  man,  if  she  or  he  needs 
you.  As  long  as  you  are  trying  to  b.? 
human  you  are  being  Jesus-like  to  sleep 
with  the  other  person,  at  the  cost,  be  it 
noted,  of  breaking  the  specific  morality 
which  Jesus  taught.  But  to  these  men 
tills  does  not  matter,  because  that  is 
downstairs  in  the  area  of  rational  script- 
ural content"    (p.  78). 

The  result  is  that  "the  word  'Jesus,' 
separated  from  the  content  of  the  Script- 
ures, has  become  the  enemy  of  the  Jesus 
of  history,  the  Jesus  who  died  and  rose 
and  who  is  coming  again  and  who  is  the 
eternal  Son  of  God.  So  let  us  take  care. 
If  evangeUcal  Christians  begin  to  slip  into 
a  dichotomy,  to  separate  an  encounter 
with  Jesus  from  the  content  of  the 
Scriptures  (including  the  discussable  and 
the  verifiable),  we  shall,  without  intend- 
ing to,  be  throwing  ourselves  and  the  next 
generation  into  the  millstream  of  the 
modern  system.  This  system  surrounds 
us  as  an  almost  monolithic  consensus" 
(p.  79). 

What  Dr.  Schaeffer  has  accomplished, 
therefore,  is  to  illuminate  in  a  striking, 
contemporary  way  the  biblical  demand 
for  truth  in  doctrine  as  well  as  for  love 
in  practice.  In  a  concluding  chapter  which 
contains  some  almost  lyric  paragraphs  he 
makes  it  plain  that  he  is  not  out  to 
demolish  what  is  happening  today.  He  is 
trying  to  understand  the  current  Escape 
from  Reason  in  order  to  bridge  the  gen- 
eration chasm,  communicate  the  good 
news,  and  witness  to  the  full  life  Christ 
came  to  bring.  He  has  no  illusions — the 
price  is  costly  in  terms  of  study  and 
exposure  and  patience. 

"So  what  is  said  in  this  book  is  not 
merely  a  matter  of  intellectual  debate.  It 
is  not  of  interest  only  to  academics.  It  is 
utterly  crucial  for  those  of  us  who  are 
serious  about  communicating  the  Christ- 
ian gospel  in  the  twentieth  century" 
(p.  94). 

This  little  volume  and  its  larger  com- 
panion. The  God  Who  Is  There  (to  be 
reviewed  in  a  future  article),  are  as 
important  for  us  today  as  Erich  Sauer's 
trilogy  was  fifteen  years  ago.  They  have 
I  he  same  panoramic  .scope  and  telescopic 
depth-  Ignoring  these  bool<s  will  mean 
retusiiig  tu  turn  on  the  lights  while  con- 
tinuing to  curse  the  darkness. 

Febriiarj    15,    196» 

Fage  NiDeteen 





Brethren  Church 


FIVE  YEARS  AGO  a  new  venture  began 
in  Herndon,  Virginia,  for  The  Breth- 
ren Cliureh  and  for  the  new  pastor  and 
his  wife.  The  venture  was  not  because  a 
church  was  to  be  established,  but  because 
of  the  manner  in  which  the  work  was  to 
begin.  A  pastor  was  hired  and  placed  on 
the  basic  assumption  that  a  Brethren 
Church  could  be  established  in  Herndon 
and  that  the  need  of  the  community  just- 
ified the  building  of  an  evangelical  church. 
Unlike  other  new  churches  there  was  no 
Brethren  nucleus  with  which  to  start.  In 
fact,  there  was  not  even  the  beginning  of 
a  congregation  with  which  the  pastor 
could  begin  his  work. 

Perliaps  my  wife  and  I  were  just  too 
young  to  know  any  better,  but  at  the  time 
this  was  not  at  all  forbidding!  We  had 
entered  the  venture  with  faith  and  enthus- 
iasm so  that  nothing  seemed  insurmount- 
able and,  indeed,  God  has  not  disappointed 
us.  There  have  been  problems  and  there 
will  continue  to  be  more  problems  from 
the  simple  fact  that  God  builds  His 
Church  with  human  flesh  with  all  its 
weaknesses;  but  these  last  five  years  are 
dramatic  evidence  tliat  God  works  in  spite 
of  us  and  that  He  is  doing  His  work  in 
our  present  time! 

When  aU  of  this  began  in  the  Fall  of 
1963,  the  parsonage  served  as  family 
residence  and  church  building.  This  type 
of  arrangement  can  make  your  home  a 
most  interesting  place  in  which  to  live. 
In  fact,  you  have  never  really  completely- 
experienced  a  Vacation  Bible  School  pro- 
gram until  you  bring  about  35  children 
between  the  ages  of  4  and  11  into  your 
home  for  three  hours  every  morning  for 
five  straight  days.  This  is  exactly  what 
happened  in  the  month  of  June  in  1964 
and  1965.  Believe  me,  this  is  an  incom- 
parable event! 

Our  first  worship  service  did  not 
exactly  overwhelm  us  with  numbers  of 
people.  This  service  was  held  November 
24,  1963  with  an  attendance  of  7  including 

I'age  Twenty 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

the  pastor  and  his  wife.  Later  at  Christ- 
mas we  had  a  candleliglit  service  with  3 
adults  and  3  children  present,  but  this 
does  not  deter  one  from  proclaiming  the 

As  I  stood  before  the  congregation  last 
Sunday,  January  26th,  an  attendance  of 
71  made  these  earlier  days  seem  somewhat 
remote.  Since  moving  into  a  new  building 
on  Easter  Sunda.s'  196G,  those  days  of 
crowding  into  our  home  are  gone.  Our 
building  will  seat  180  people  in  worship 
and  has  11  classrooms  plus  a  study  for 
the  pastor.  At  the  moment  our  classroom 
space  is  being  used  to  the  fullest  and  even 
the  pastor's  study  doubles  as  a  junior 
high  classroom.  In  truth,  we  have  no  extra 
Sunday  school  class  space. 

The  building  of  a  church  membership 
comes  slowly  and  we  report  at  the  present 
38  members.  The  reason  behind  this  is 
that  the  Brethren  Church  is  not  very  well 
known  in  this  area  of  Virginia.  These 
people  have  come  from  many  varied  back- 
grounds and  for  most  this  is  the  first  they 
have  ever  taken  active  part  in  a  church. 
In  the  good  sense  of  the  word,  we  have 
become  quite  an  "ecumenical"  body  of 
Christ.  Our  people  come  from  Methodist, 

Presbyterian,  Baptist,  Evangelical  United 
Brethren,  Disciples  of  Christ,  Episcopalian, 
Grace  Brethren  and  a  few  (3)  from  the 
Brethren  Church.  The  attraction  to  these 
people  has  been  our  Bible-centered  min- 
istry of  Christian  education  and  preaching. 

Hemdon  is  a  growing  community.  At 
the  latest  census  report,  Herndon  was 
declared  the  fastest  growing  community 
in  Virginia.  There  is  rapid  growth  on 
every  side  of  the  town  and  the  projections 
for  the  future  are  almost  frightening. 
Since  moving  into  Herndon,  the  population 
has  doubled  from  3500  to  7000.  As  I  sit 
in  my  study  to  write  this  article,  I  can 
count  25  new  homes  being  built  on  streets 
next  to  our  church  lot. 

The  prospects  for  a  bright  future  at  the 
Cliandon  Brethren  Church  are  good  now 
and  the  future  seems  to  guarantee  even 
greater  things  if  the  Lord  tarries.  At  the 
moment  the  Chandon  Brethren  Church 
is  in  its  childhood  and  experiences  the 
growing  pains  of  developing  adequate 
leadership  and  financial  independence. 
With  your  prayers  and  continued  support 
through  the  Ten  Dollar  Club  we  will  grow 
into  a  church  with  enormous  potential  for 
good  within  The  Brethren  Church. 

"*5^*'?is^si«  -..■— .■:.;» 


February   15,   1969 

Page  Twenty-one 

January  ■  June,  1969 

TWICE  A  YEAR  calls  go  out  to  the  Brethren  giving 
members  an  opportunity  to  provide  funds  for  ex- 
ending  the  Kingdom  of  God  through  an  extension 
program  in  Tlie  Brethren  Church.  This  assistance  to 
lew  churches  or  churches  needing  assistance  in  re- 
ocation  is  known  as  the  Ten  Dollar  Club. 

It  has  been  in  operation  since  1951  and  has  thus  far 
Deen  instrumental  in  establishing  new  churches  in  16 
Jifferent  locations.  Also,  four  churches  have  been  fin- 
mcially  assisted  by  this  means  when  relocation  was 
essential.  A  second  call  was  extended  to  the  Levittown- 
F'airless  Hills  Church  in  1965  when  they  had  already 
jrown  out  of  the  first  unit  and  there  was  a  vital  need 
Eor  an  educational  wing  for  an  especially  fast-growing 
Sunday   School   program. 

We  are  now  announcing  the  NKW  Ten  Dollar  Cluli 
3all,   Number   25,   for   The   Chandon   Brethren   Churcli 

3f  Herndon,  Virginia.  This,  too,  is  a  second  call  to  assist 
:his  church  in  working  toward  self-support  and  assum- 
ng  the  indebtedness  on  the  church  plant.  In  these  days 
3f  liigher  costs  and  greater  indebtedness  in  starting 
NTew  Brethren  Churches,  additional  financial  assistance 

beyond  a  first  call  is  most  essential  in  this  particular 

Letters  have  been  sent  out  to  individual  members 
informing  them  of  the  new  call.  If  you  are  not  already 
a  member,  you  will  be  interested  in  knowing  that  your 
membership  can  be  established  by  sending  $10  now 
for  this  Home  Mission  Churcli  along  with  your  name 
and  address  to  The  >Iissionary  Board  of  the  Brethren 
Church,  330  College  Avenue,  Ashland,  Oliio  44803.  After 
you  are  enrolled  as  a  member  you  will  only  bo  request- 
ed to  contribute  ten  dollars  twice  a  year  as  new  calls 
are  made. 

Be  assured  that  new  churches  shall  continue  to  have 
first  priority  in  this  expansion  policy  and  also  that 
every  cent  that  is  contributed  to  the  Ten  Dollar  Club 
goes  to  the  church  for  which  the  call  is  made.  No  funds 
are  removed  for  office  labor  or  publicity. 

We  received  $9,045  for  the  first  call  for  the  Chandon 
Brethren  Church  but  have  been  climbing  higher  reg- 
ularly in  our  Ten  Dollar  giving.  Since  our  24th  call 
brought  in  $11,500,  we  should  aim  higher  this  time 
and  determine  to  reach  $12,000  to  lovingly  share  with 
these  new  Brethren  at  the  Chandon  Brethren  Church. 




'  I  'HE  END  of  January  the  Kenneth  L.  Solomon  fam- 
1  ily  moved  to  Louisville,  Kentucky,  where  Ken  will 
be  studying  further  at  Southern  Baptist  Theological 
Seminary  toward  receiving  a  Doctorate  in  Religious 
Education.  He  is  taking  a  leave  of  absence  from  the 
Missionary  Board  and  in  addition  to  his  studying,  will 
be  teaching  first  year  Spanish  classes  at  the  University 
of  Louisville,  Kentucky,  and  will  be  serving  tite  Fair 
Haven  Church  of  tlie  Brethren  on  Sundays  at  Jefferson- 
ville,  Indiana,  which  is  just  across  the  river  from 

They  are  settled  in  one  of  the  missionary  apartments 
on  campus  and  their  address  is: 

Box  695 

2825  Lexington  Rd. 

Louisville,  Kentucky  40206 
Tlie  Solomons  have  been  very  thankful  for  the  op- 
portunity they  had  to  carr\-  on  their  deputation  work 
among  The  Bretliren  Churches,  the  camps  and  District 
Conferences.  They  will  appreciate  your  prayers  for 
their  lives  and  adjustments  to  new  routines,  schedules 
and  locale  for  the  children. 

It  is  planned  that  the  Solomons  will  return  to  Argen- 
tina in  February,  1970,  so  that  Ken  will  be  there  in 
ample  time  to  start  the  1970-71  term  at  the  Eden  Bible 

Page  Twenty-two 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 



(Delivered  at  1968  General  Conference,  August  17) 

TT  IS  ALWAYS  a  real  joy  and  soul-tingling  experience 
to  attend  Conference.  I  feel  that  many  of  our  local 
churches  miss  the  opportunities  afforded  tliem  by  fail- 
ing to  come  to  Conference,  staying  at  Conference,  and 
learning  the  workings  of  our  beloved  denomination. 

My  congregation  in  North  Mancliester  is  aware  that 
I  am  not  accustomed  to  speaking  at  great  length;  usu- 
ally, my  sermons  are  short  and  to  the  point.  The  stoi-y 
is  told  of  a  noted  eastern  judge,  who  wlien  visiting  in  the 
West,  went  to  a  church  on  Sunday  —  which  isn't  so  re- 
markable as  the  fact  that  he  knew  beforehand  that  the 
preacher  was  e.xceedingly  tedious  and  long-winded  to 
the  last  degi-ee.  After  the  service,  the  preacher  met  the 
judge  in  the  vestibule  and  said:  "Well,  yom-  Honor,  how 
did  you  Uke  the  sermon?"  "Oh,  most  wondei-fully,"  re- 
plied the  judge.  "It  was  like  the  peace  of  God;  for  it 
passed  all  understanding,  and  like  His  mercy,  I  thought 
it  would  endure  forever."  Be  assured  tliis  message  will 
not  last  forever,  and  I  hope  it  will  be  understandable. 

In  consideration  of  this  year's  theme  "Let  God's  Love 
Prevail,"  I  have  been  assigned  the  sub-topic  "Love's  Di- 
rection." Reading  from  the  text  taken  from  I  John 
4:19-21:  "We  love  him,  because  he  first  loved  us.  If  a 
man  say,  I  love  God,  and  hateth  his  brother,  he  is  a 
liar:  for  he  that  loveth  not  his  brother  whom  he  hath 
seen,  how  can  he  love  God  whom  he  hath  not  seen? 
And  this  commandment  have  we  from  him,  That  he  who 
loveth  God  love  his  brother  also." 

The  author  Christopher  iVIorley  said  that  if  we  wore 
given  five  minutes'  warning  of  sudden  death,  five  min- 
utes to  say  what  it  had  all  meant  to  us,  all  telephone 
booths  would  be  occupied  by  people  trying  to  call  up 
other  people  to  stammer  their  love  to  them.  Love  has 
been  called  the  queen  of  words,  and  well  does  it  deserve 

this  designation.  Paul's  exaltation  of  love  m  I  Corin- 
thians 13  is  but  the  revelation  of  true  insight.  Even  a 
casual  reading  of  this  great  passage  —  if  indeed  one 
can  read  it  casually  —  leads  one  into  the  presence  of 
spiritual  greatness.  Here  one  breathes  mountain  Eiir. 
Here  one  treads  lofty  places. 

Having  read,  reread,  and  studied  cix>ss  references  and 
commentaries  on  the  text  from  I  Jota  4,  I  have  come 
to  the  conclusion  that  the  "direction  of  love"  is  triangu- 
lar. And  as  I  think  about  this  ti-iangular  love,  I  am  re- 
minded that  the  triangle  is  the  strongest  geometric 
shape  known  to  man.  Take  any  old  pieces  of  scrap  lum- 
ber and  naU  them  into  a  triangle,  and  you  will  find  it  a 
vei"y  rigid,  dui-able  figure.  The  bracings  in  all  beams, 
roof  structm-e  and  great  bridges  ai-e  triangular  m  shape. 
Is  it  any  wonder  that  "love's  direction"  is  triangular. 
Triangular,  in  that  love  stai'ts  with  God  to  man  —  man 
to  man  —  and  man  to  God. 

In  determining  love's  direction,  it  seems  that  there  is 
but  one  starting  point  for  this  message.  In  I  John  4:8, 
we  read  "God  is  love."  This  has  to  be  the  starting 
point.  God!  "In  the  beginning,  God.  .  .  ."  He  is  the 
Creatoi"  of  this  universe  in  which  we  live.  You  and  I 
can  just  begin  to  understand  tliis  in  God's  Universe,  be- 
cause with  the  exploration  of  space,  we  find  tliat  the 
fundamental  laws  of  God  extend  beyond  this  planet 
earth,  and  that  the  same  basic  laws  apply  to  space,  the 
moon,  and  the  other  planets  of  our  solar  system.  This 
is  a  pro^'en  fact  today.  I  shall  never  forget  the  state- 
ment made  by  one  of  our  leading  atomic  physicists.  Dr. 
Shankland.  I  was  attending  a  summer  school  session 
at  Case  Institute  in  Cleveland  at  the  time.  During  one 
of  his  lectiu-es  on  the  atom,  he  paused  and  said,  "This 
little  tiny  atom  is  perfect;  things  just  don't  happen  this  I 
way.    There  has  to  be  a  Master  plan."    Yes,  there  is  a  . 

February   15,   IDfiO 

Page  Twenty-three 


Master  plan;  God  created  this  world,  He  sustains  it, 
and  He  has  a  plan  for  His  creation. 

God  felt  the  need  for  fellowship,  oi-  as  the  Negi-o  spu'- 
itual  says:  "God  looked  around  and  said,  'I'm  lonely'." 
In  the  very  beginning,  God  showed  forth  His  love  for 
man.  He  created  man  in  His  own  image;  He  breathed 
into  him  the  breath  of  life.  He  gave  man  dominion  over 
His  creation.  Man  was  living  in  a  paradise;  the  garden 
was  perfect,  just  as  God  had  planned  it  to  be.  God 
walked  and  talked  with  Adam  and  Eve  in  the  cool  of 
the  evening.  Their  fellowship  was  perfect.  God  loved 
man  from  the  \-ery  beginning. 

Then  Satan  entered  the  picture.  There  was  tempta- 
tion, and  the  temptation  was  very  subtle.  At  first  it  was 
resisted  and  there  was  perfect  love  between  God  and 
man.  Then  came  the  yielding  to  temptation;  the  fu'st 
seed  of  doubt  took  root  in  man's  mind.  "Just  maybe 
this  fruit  would  make  us  as  gods  and  we  won't  die  as 
God  has  said."  What  a  heartbreaking  day  that  was  -- 
when  the  forbidden  fruit  was  taken  fi-om  the  tree  and 
eaten.  God's  heart  was  so  full  of  love  for  man,  yet  man 

Following  the  faU  of  man  in  the  gai'den  came  a  long 
line  of  manifestations  of  God's  love  for  man.  God  chose 
Abraham  to  be  the  father  of  His  chosen  people.  This 
started  the  long  years  and  centuries  of  God's  many  ef- 
forts to  bring  man  back  into  the  loving  relationship 
he  once  had.  The  prophets,  judges,  kings,  the  com- 
mandments, the  e-xiles,  the  blessings  —  all  were  part  of 
God's  plan  to  show  forth  His  love  to  man. 

When  all  this  failed,  there  was  but  one  way  for  the 
sins  of  man  to  be  covered.  The  Incai-nation  tells  us  of 
the  love  of  God  that  is  shown  in  blood  and  dust,  in  flesh 
and  pain,  and  in  a  rugged  Cross.  The  very  Son  of  Gcd 
willingly  yielded  to  the  will  of  the  Father  and  was  born 

of  the  virgin  Mary,  and  began  His  earthly  ministry. 
This  Ufe  was  for  one  purpose  —  to  provide  a  plan  of 
salvation  for  man  whom  God  loved,  yet  the  same  man 
who  had  yielded  to  temptation  and  sin.  You  know  — 
this  is  the  amazing  thing  about  the  Gospel.  God  loved 
us  when  we  were  yet  unloveable;  God  accepts  us  when 
we  are  unacceptable.  Love  includes  the  unpleasant  and 
the  unacceptable.  Jesus'  task  was  not  an  easy  one  — 
e\'en  though  He  was  the  Son  of  God.  There  were  many 
heartbreaks,  disappointments,  and  final  rejection  by  His 
own  people.  Even  the  appearance  of  God's  own  Son 
upon  the  earth  was  not  enough  to  turn  man  back  to 
God's  love.  He  was  rejected,  spat  upon,  crowned  with 
thorns  and  nailed  to  the  cross  and  left  to  die,  hanging 
between  heaven  and  earth.  Tliis  Christ  did  willingly 
that  God's  Love  could  be  made  known  to  aJl  mankind. 

Because  of  this  love  of  God  towai^d  us  who  are  un- 
lovable, we  have  the  grace  to  return  the  favor  toward 
others.  While  Christ  was  here  on  earth.  He  gave  love 
a  new  direction  when  He  said,  "I  give  unto  you  a  new 
commandment,  that  ye  lo\'e  one  another  even  as  I  haive 
loved  you."  Before  Jesus  left  His  disciples.  He  explain- 
ed what  He  required  of  them  and  of  us.  He  summed  it 
all  up  in  one  little  word  "love."  Christ  asks  us  to  be 
unselfish,  generous  with  ourselves,  using  our  lives  for 
others,  and  not  merely  for  personal  interests.  In  the 
Old  Testament,  we  ai-e  given  glimpses  of  this  selfless 
love  in  the  life  of  Joseph  toward  his  brothers;  in  the 
moving  magnanimity  of  Moses  —  that  great  soul  be- 
seeching that  he  himself  be  blotted  out  if  thereby  his 
people  could  be  spared;  the  gallant  epic  of  Jonathan's 
wholehearted  friendship,  when  a  smaller  man  would 
have  been  jealous  and  resentful. 

Other  religions  also  teach  a  few  thrilUng  sayings,  some 
of  which  go  far  in  the  direction  to  which  Christ  points. 

Page  Twenty-four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

iiLiiduism  holme.s.s.  for  iiLstaiice,  is  jiol.  whal  Christ,  lauuiil 
us  to  think  of  as  holiness;  it  is  not  a  geinerous  giving 
of  one's  self  for  others;  it  is  not  the  eager  loving  of  one 
another  which  Christ  claims  for  us,  but  it  is  an  anxious, 
jealous,  self-absorbed  guai'ding  of  ourselves  from  evil. 
The  goal  it  sets  before  man  is  not  service;  rather  it  is 
blamelessness,  and  Christ  has  no  interest  in  blameless- 
ness.  It  is  too  tame,  too  \-ague,  too  colorless  for  Him. 
What  He  claims  for  His  followers  is  not  that  they  should 
do  no  evU,  but  that  they  should  do  g-ood.  When  the 
rich  young  ruler  came  to  Him,  Jesus  tried  to  point  out 
that  just  being  blcimeless  and  doing  no  e\'il  is  not  enough. 
There  could  be  no  charge  against  the  man's  personal 
character;  his  business  methods  were  clean;  this  man 
spent  his  life  harmlessly  enough,  but  he  did  no  one  any 
good.  Christ's  heart  was  warm  toward  the  young  man 
who  had  done  no  wrong;  he  kept  the  commandments; 
but  this  was  not  enough.  He  had  harmed  no  one,  but 
whom  had  he  helped?  To  whom  had  he  extended  love? 
Beside  negati\'e  morality,  in  and  abo\-e  it  He  set  posi- 
tive morality.  One  could  keep  the  Ten  Commandments 
I>erfectly,  and  yet  not  be  within  sight  of  real  Christian- 
ity. You  see  there  are  not  ten  commandments  for  us, 
but  eleven!  "Thou  shalt  love!"  In  this  one  little  woa-d 
"love,"   Christ  has  inculcated  the  whole  duty  of  man. 

Dr.  Schweitzer,  in  his  first  year  at  the  hospital  In 
Lambarene,  might  easUy  have  gi\'en  w-ay  to  discourage- 
ment and  cynicism.  When  a  patient  was  hospitalized, 
it  was  difficult,  often  impossible,  to  persuade  any  rela- 
tive or  friend  to  assist  in  his  care.  The  doctor  had  to  be 
at  once  physician  and  nurse,  and  do  a  good  deal  of 
nauseating  work.  Upon  leaving  the  hospital,  the  patient 
sometimes  ix>bbed  the  doctor's  hencoop  or  walked  off 
with  the  irreplaceable  mosquito  netting  that  had  been 
provided  for  his  comfort.  It  was  not  always  possible  to 
engage  native  help.  When  the  natives  did  work  about 
the  hospital,  they  were  commonly  lazy  and  unreliable. 
However,  gi-atitude  to  God  for  the  love  he  had  known, 
and  contrition  for  his  own  failures  were  motives  of  love 
that  did  not  fail  Dr.  Schweitzer.  We  find  love  by  giving 

Christ  said:  "My  commandment  to  you  is  nothing  less 
than  this,  that  you  love  one  another,  even  as  I  have  loved 
you."  Here  is  the  measui'e  against  which  we  are  to  be 
tested.  After  all,  it  is  not  so  much  even  the  teachings 
of  Christ  as  His  character.  His  life,  His  death,  all  that 
He  was  and  did  —  the  sacrifices  that  He  made  that  have 
brought  home  to  us  something  of  what  He  meant  by  love. 
And  so  Christ  plainly  lays  it  down  that  what  He  wishes 
to  distinguish  His  people  —  what  is  inevitably  to  differ- 
entiate real  believers  from  non-behevers  —  the  some- 
thing extra  and  special  that  He  gives  which  others  can- 
not show  —  is  the  kindly,  unselfish,  generous  way  they 
have  of  using  life,  a  way  that  simply  does  not  occur  to 
non-Christians.  This  way  of  love,  when  obsei-ved,  is 
strikiirg  and  arrests  the  non-Christian.  This  charactei-- 
istic  of  a  Christian  gives  him  the  one  valid  claim  to 
rank  as  such.  By  our  love  will  all  men  know  that  we 
are  His  disciples. 

The  story  of  the  Good  Scimaritan  also  gives  us  aji  ex- 
ample of  love  toward  our  fellow  man.  The  Priest  and 
the  Levite  —  both  learned  men  —  passed  by  on  the 
other  side.  Only  the  Samaritan  saw  the  need  and  re- 
sponded with  a  heart  full  of  love.  He  gave  of  himself, 
his  time,  and  money  to  see  that  the  man  was  given 
proper  care.    It  is  obvious  Whei-ein  love  was  found.    Yet 

the  very  nvn  uhi>  iirot'essrd   ila-hteousness  b.\-pas.sed  the 
man  in  need. 

I  ha\'e  observed  too  many  times  the  way  in  which  we 
love  is  a  factor  which  holds  back  the  effective  work  of 
the  church.  There  are  people  in  many  churches  that 
are  not  on  speaking  terms  with  other  persons.  Their 
concern  is  for  themselves  or  for  their  few  close  friends. 
Yet,  many  of  these  people  claim  to  be  good  church  mem- 
bers and  good  Christians. 

Tills  is  the  problem  with  our  coimti-y  today.  We  have 
too  many  folks  that  really  don't  cai-e  if  the  other  half 
get  along  or  not.  They  are  interested  only  in  their  own 
Uves  and  circles  in  which  they  move.  We  have  not  taken 
seriously  the  commandment  which  Christ  left  for  us. 
Our  love  must  reach  out  to  those  whom  we  may  not 
necessarily  know  as  intimate  friends. 

A  little  boy  was  asked  to  WTite  an  essay  on  anatomy. 
Here  is  what  he  said:  "Your  head  is  kind  of  round  and 
hard  and  your  brains  are  in  it  and  your  hair  is  on  it. 
Your  face  is  in  front  of  your  head  where  you  eat.  Your 
neck  is  what  keeps  yoitr  head  off  your  shoulders,  which 
are  sort  of  shelves  where  you  hook  your  overall  straps. 
Your  arms  you  got  to  have  to  pitch  with,  and  so  you 
can  ireach  the  biscuits.  Your  fingers  stick  out  of  your 
hands  so  you  can  scratch,  throw  a  curve,  and  add  arith- 
metic. Your  legs  is  what  you  got  to  have  to  get  to 
first  base,  your  feet  what  you  run  on,  and  your  toes  are 
what  gets  stubbed.  And  that  is  all  thei-e  is  of  you  except 
what  is  inside,  and  I  cun't  seen  that."  No,  "we  ain't 
seen  what  is  inside"  but  love  is  based  on  some  knowl- 
edge of  the  unseen.  To  love  a  person  requires  a  willing- 
ness and  readiness  to  know  him,  not  merely  to  know 
about  him.  Rather  than  pick  and  choose  only  those  with 
whom  we  are  concei-ned  to  love,  we  must,  as  recipients 
of  God's  love,  perhaps  love  the  imlovable,  serve  the 
downtrodden,  sacrifice  for  the  oppressed,  and  to  make 
oui-selves  vulnerable  to  mercy,  forgiveness,  and  toler- 
ance. The  violence  in  our  cities  stems  from  lack  of  love 
for  our  fellow  man.  The  racial  problems  are  due  to  a 
lack  of  our  obeyiirg  the  commandment  of  love.  Dare  we 
admit  that  the  love  of  man  for  man  is  pretty  weak, 
(which  means  om-  love  for  God  is  pretty  weak),  and  that 
we  just  aren't  working  at  it  veiy  hard??? 

In  the  August  issue  of  BUly  Graham's  "Decision"  mag- 
azine, a  7th  grade  gu-1,  Vanessa  Glasgo  expressed  the 
13th  chapter  of  Corinthians.  Vanessa  lives  in  the  foot- 
hills of  Mt.  Ranier,  and  attends  Country  Bible  Church 
at  Enumclaw,  Washington.  She  paraphrased  it  as  fol- 
lows : 
"Though   I    speak    softly    and    sweettly,    if    I    don't   have 

love,  I'm  just  a  bunch  of  noise. 
And  though  I'm  very  talented  and  very  smart,  if  I  don't 

have  Lo'\'e,  I  am  like  an  empty  shell. 
And  though  I  give  away  eveiything  to  the  poor,  and  give 

my  body  to  be  bLU-ned  at  the  stake  for  What  I  believe, 

and  don't  have  Love,  it  doesn't  do  me  any  good. 
Lo\'e  can  stand  a  lot  of  hurting  and  stiU  be  kind. 
Love  doesn't  act  smart,  doesn't  think  bad  things  about 

people;   isn't  happy  When  someone  dees  wrong,  but  is 

happy  when  they  do  right. 
Love  can  put   up  with   anything,    hopes   eveiything  will 

turn  out  good. 
Love   never  lets   a  person  down. 
Prophecies  may  turn  out  wrong,  and  tongues  will  stop.  ■ 

We   only   understand    part   of   things   because   we   see  ■. 

from  the  human  side. 

February  15,  1969 

Page  Twenty-five 

When  you  get  old  you  forget  what  you  learn.  But  when 
Jesus  comes  we  will  understand  it  all^  as  he  under- 
stands us. 

When  I  was  very  small,  I  talked  Like  a  child,  but  now 

I  don't  act  childish  anymore. 
Now  it  is  like  looking  thi-ough  a  dirty  glass.  When  Jesus 

comes  we  will  see  clearly,  for  we  will  see  him  face  to 

face.    Now  faith,  hope,  and  love  are  all  living  in  me, 

but   the  greatest  is  Love." 

Yes,  God  is  love;  we  are  to  share  in  this  love,  but  if 
we  really  share  in  it  then  we  will  have  love  for  our 
fellow  man. 

We  have  seen  two  sides  of  our  triajigle  —  God's  love 
for  man,  man's  love  for  man,  and  now  there  is  the  thu-d 
side  of  the  triangle:  man's  love  for  God. 

Frederick  Buecliner  wrote  in  "The  Magnificent  De- 
feat" that  there  are  four  specimens  of  love.  "First,  the 
love  for  equals  is  a  human  thing  —  of  friend  for  fi-iend, 
brother  for  brothei'.  It  is  to  love  what  is  loving  and 
lovely;   the  world  smiles. 

Secondly,  the  love  for  the  less  fortunate  is  a  beauti- 
ful thing  —  the  love  for  those  who  suffer,  for  ithose  who 
are  poor,  the  sick,  the  failui^es,  the  imlovely.  This  is 
compassion,  and  it  touches  the  heai't  of  the  world. 

Thirdly,  the  love  for  the  more  fortunate  is  a  rare 
thing  —  to  love  those  who  succeed  where  we  faU,  to 
rejoice  without  envy  with  those  Who  rejoice,  the  love 
of  the  poor  for  the  rich,  of  the  black  man  for  the  white 
maji.    The  world  is  always  bewildered  by  its  saints. 

But  lastly,  there  is  the  love  for  the  enemy  —  love  for 
the  one  who  does  not  love  you  but  mocks,  threatens,  and 
inflicts  pain.  The  tortured's  love  for  the  torturer.  This 
is  God's  love;  it  conquers  the  world." 

God  is  love,  but  love  is  not  God.  Not  every  manifes- 
tation of  charity  or  kindness  or  sacrifice  is  a  sign  of 
a.  new  birth  or  of  bemg  a  chUd  of  God. 

A  certain  welfare  worker  fouJid  a  crippled  boy  in  a 
poverty-stricken  section  of  the  city.  She  took  a  great 
interest  in  the  boy  and  longed  to  see  him  walk  and  he 
1  boy  among  boys.  She  decided  to  consult  a  famous 
orthopedic  surgeon,  who  agreed  to  help.  E.Niamination 
.vas  made,  and  an  operation  was  performed.  Slow  and 
tedious  days  of  recovery  proved  the  operation  a  success, 
gradually  the  child  could  walk;  then  run;  then  play. 
He  was  a  boy  among  boys.  In  telling  her  stoiry,  the  wel- 
fare worker  paused  to  say,  "He  is  now  a  grown  man.  I 
ivant  you  to  guess  where  he  is  and  what  he  is  doing." 
Many  guessed  various  occupations:  "He  is  a  famous  doc- 
tor;" "He  has  become  a  great  hiunanitarian,  a  minister, 
i  welfare  worker."  Finally,  the  woman  said  solemnly 
'No,  you  are  wrong;  he  is  in  Sing  Sing  prison,  serving 
i  life  term  for  murder!"  She  went  on  to  say:  "We 
spent  all  our  time  on  healing  the  physical  body  so  he 
:ould  walk  again,  but  we  failed  to  teach  him  where  to 
A'alk."  For  our  love  to  be  the  right  kind  of  love,  we 
nust  take  our  stand  near  the  Cross.  Only  when  love  is 
issociated  with  fauth  and  devotion  toward  Jesus,  the  Son 
>f  God,  can  it  become  a  proof  of  the  life  eternal. 

From  such  a  love  comes  two  results:  Confidence  to- 
,vard  God,  and  charity  toward  men.  If  we  fully  realize 
jhe  love  of  God  revealed  in  Christ,  we  shall  not  stand 
n  dread  of  God.  Fear  wUl  not  be  a  part  of  our  lives. 
iVe  can  have  confidence;  om'  trustful  relationship  with 
;he  Father  will  give  us  assurance,  and  the  future  wUl 
lold  no  fears  for  us. 

As  a  result  of  oui-  love  for  God,  we  will  be  willing 
witnesses  of  Christ's  love  for  all,  and  of  His  making 
possible  the  forgiveness  of  sin  by  His  death  on  the  cross. 

Love  caimot  be  bought,  but  genuine  love  responds  to 
love,  regardless  of  gifts.  The  papers  recently  can-ied  an 
interesting  article  regarding  the  efforts  of  a  suitor  to 
win  the  heart  and  hand  of  a  woman  by  showering  her 
with  costly  gifts  —  only  to  lose  her  in  the  end! 

On  Wednesday  she  received  a  bundle  of  record  albums 
of  love  songs  in  the  mail. 

On  Thursday  a  bouquet  of  flowers  three  feet  wide 
came  to  her  door. 

On   Friday,    a  12-page  love   letter. 

On  Saturday,   a  big  newspaper  ad. 

On  Sunday,   a  500-word  telegram. 

On  Monday,  two  30-secnnd  radio  commercials  asked 
for  her  hand  in  marriage! 

She  seemed  impressed  and  expressed  shock  that  he 
should  spend  so  much  on  the  radio,  advertisements,  etc. 
(over  $500);  but  still  there  was  no  response  from  her. 

Doubtedless  :there  are  women  who  woidd  gladly  say 
"yes"  to  a  proposal  of  marriage,  if  such  gifts  were  of- 
fered them.  On  the  other  hand,  there  are  many  whose 
love  and  companionship  cannot  be  purchased  with  things, 
regardless  of  their  value. 

Love  is  not  for  sale.  God's  love  cartnot  be  bought. 
The  Lord  desires  to  be  loved  for  Himself  —  not  merely 
for  the  many  and  precious  gifts  which  He  bestows  upon 
us.  The  Apostle  Paul  said:  "Thanks  be  imto  God  for 
His  imspeakable  gift"  (II  Cor.  9:15).  The  Apostle  John 
said:  "We  love  Him  because  He  first  loved  us." 

A  life  without  love  is  a  life  without  dh'ection.   We  need 
love  —  God's  love  —  In  our  lives  to  give  meaning  and 
purpose  to  our  lives.    Our  lives  must  be  guided,  direct- 
ed,  and  motivated  by  love.    Love's  direction?    It  is   tii- 
angular,  beginning  and  ending  witli  God:    God   to  man 
—  man   to  man  —  man  to  God.    Where  there  is   true 
love  to   Christ,   there  is   also   deep  appreciation  for   the 
spiritual   and   temporal  gifts  He  bestows   upon  us.    The 
poet  has  said  concerning  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ: 
"I  love  Thee  because  Thou  hast  first  loved  me. 
And   purchased  my  pardon  on  Calvary's   tree; 
I  love  Thee  for  wearing  the  thorns  on  Thy  brow. 
If  ever  I  loved  Thee,  Lord  Jesus,  'tis  now!" 

All-loving  and  all-gracious  God,  we  take  upon  our  lips 
the  word  taught  us  by  Jesus,  and  call  Thee  Father.  Thou 
art  the  source  of  our  being,  oui-  living  and  our  loving. 
We  love,  because  Thou  didst  first  love  us,  because  Thou 
didst  manifest  Tliy  love  through  Jesus  Christ,  our  Lord. 
Help  us,  our  Father,  to  respond  to  Tliy  loving-kmdness 
by  ourselves  becoming  loving  persons.  By  Thy  grace, 
may  we  live  our  lives  worthily  as  unto  Thee,  and  serve 
Thee,  not  only  in  love  for  Thee,  but  also  in  love  for 
others.  This  we  pray  in  the  name  of  our  loving  Lord 
Jesus.    Amen. 

"Love's  Direction"  is  the  fourth  sub  top- 
ic under  the  General  Conference  theme: 
"Let  God's  Love  PrevalL"  Rev.  Immel,  pastor 
of  the  First  Brethren  Church  of  North  Man- 
chester, Indiana,  presented  the  above  ad- 
dress on  Saturday  morning  of  General  Con- 

Page  Twenty-six 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


TT  IS  ABOUT  TIME  for  a  report  from  the  Lorec- 
Brethren  Church  concerning  the  great  blessings 
that  God  has  given  us  in  the  year  of  1968,  and  the 
work  so  willingly  done  by  the  people  of  this  church. 
This  is  really  a  good  and  wonderful  people  to  work 
with.  There  is  always  a  feeling  of  Christian  fellowship 
and  confidence  in  one  another  and  in  our  great  God 
and   Savior  Jesus  Christ. 

Beginning  last  January  we  had  our  first  church 
business  meeting  of  the  year  and  planned  for  many 
things  to  be  worked  out  during  the  year,  all  of  which 
have  been  accomplished.  The  church  budget  was 
increased  to  help  meet  the  needs  in  our  great  confer- 
ence, revival  dates  were  set  and  plans  made  to  meet 
the  spiritual  needs  of  the  people.  This  too  we  believe 
has  been  accomplished  for  several  have  been  saved 
and  others  have  renewed  their  vows. 

All  our  organizations  have  been  working  in  good 
order:  the  Laymen,  two  W.M.S.  groups,  three  youth 
groups,  a  Brotlierhood  for  the  boys,  a  Sisterhood  for 
the  girls  and  the  Signal  Lights  for  our  youngsters. 

We  set  a  date  and  received  a  Missionary  Offering 
on  the  first   Simday  in  December  and  received  $3,000 

which  we  took  to  the  mission  office  in  Ashland.  This 
was  over  and  above  our  mission  work  through  our 
budget.  Loree  Church  is  always  busy  doing  things  in 
our  own  community,  in  our  District  Conference  and 
our  National  Conference.  This  makes  us  happy  when 
wo  are  working  for  God  and  His  great  Church. 

Rev.   W.   E.   Thomas 


PLEASE  keep  in  mind  that  The  Biethien  Publishing  Company  has  step- 
ped out  on  faith  to  purchase  new  equipment  to  modernize  the  print  shop. 
In  order  to  finance  this  venture,  the  Company  is  offering  bonds  in  the  de- 
nominations of  $500  and  $1000.  The  bonds  are  dated  for  5  years  and  will 
bear  .5%  interest  per  annum  to  be  paid  semi-annually. 

If  you  are  interested  in  investing  in  this  project,  please  fill  out  the  blank 
below  and  mail  to  us. 

The  Brethien  Publishing  Company 
524  College  Avenue 
Ashland,  Ohio     44805 

Gentlemen : 

The  undersigned,   

(please    print    name) 


wishes  to  purchase^ 

$1,000.00  Bonds 

$500.00  Bonds 

My  check  in  the  amount  of  $_ 

to  cover  the  purchase  is  enclosed. 


(number   and    street) 

(city,  state,    zipcode) 

February  15,  1969 

Page  Twenty-seven 

World   Religious   News 

in   Review 

LUNAR  ORBIT:    GENESIS   1:1-10 

The  Moon  (EP)  —  On  Christinas 
Eve,  somewhere  above  the  forbiddmg 
landscape  of  the  moon,  tihe  voices  of 
Frank  Bormaji,  James  Loivell  and 
Williajn  Anders  carried  to  earth  dwel- 
lers the  story  of  creation  as  found  in 
Genesis  1:1-10. 

"In  the  beginning,  God  created  the 
heajvens  and  the  earth,"  intoned  An- 
ders in  Apollo  S's  unannounced  lit- 
any broadcast  as  the  astronauts'  TV 
camera  flashed  back  a  remarkable 
picture  of  the  deeply  shadowed  lunar 

Borman  closed  the  lunar  telecast 
with  these  words:  "Good  night,  good 
luck,  a  iWerry  Christmas  and  God 
bless  all  of  you  upon  the  goiod  earth." 

The  trio  then  closed  the  moonship's 
fourth  teflecast  and  began  prepara- 
tions for  the  successful  blast  out  of 
Lunar  orbit  to  return  to  the  "grand 
oasis  in  the  vastness  of  space." 


VVajTiesboro,  Ga.  (EP)  —  The  Rev. 
James  David  Fite,  an  American  Bap- 
tist missionary  imprisoned  by  the 
Cuban  government  since  April  1965, 
has  been  given  an  unconditional  pai*- 
don  and  will  return  to  the  United 

The  news  was  flashed  to  tlie  mis- 
sionary's clergyman  father  by  a  phone 
call  from  Havana  where  he  had  talk- 
ed with  his  son. 

Mr.  Fite  told  iiis  congregation  at 
the  Rosemont  Heights  Baptist  Churcli 
here  that  their  prayers  had  been  ans- 

Imprisoned  with  Fite  was  his 
father-in-law,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Herbert 
Caudill,  65,  when  the  pair  was  con- 
victed of  illegally  e.xchanging  Cuban 
pesos  for  U.S.  dollars  so  refugees 
could  use  American  funds  for  airline 
fares  when  they  left  Cuba. 

Mr.  Caudill  was  sentenced  to  10 
years  in  prison  and  Mr.  Fite  to  six 
years.   Missionary  Caudill  was  releas- 

ed and  kept  under  house  arrest  after 
undergoing  eye  sm'gery  in  1967.  It 
is  not  clear  yet  whether  Dr.  Caudill 
will  also  be  allowed  to  leave  Cuba. 


New  York  (EP)  —  The  Re\'.  Carl 
jMcIntire,  founder  of  the  American 
Crimen  of  Christian  Churches,  faces 
a  revolt  witliin  his  ranks,  according 
to  AP  Religion  Writer  George  W. 

"I  was  betrayed,"  Mclntire  declar- 
ed, charging  that  leaders  in  the  ACCC 
ha\-e  worked  "behind  the  scenes"  in 
a  "conspiracy  to  deal  with  me"  and 
remove  him  from  itop  spot. 

Dr.  Mclnitire  blames  the  revolt  on 
what  he  termed  a  "weakening  pro- 
cess" and  a  "lessening  of  militancy" 
in  fighting  the  "forces  of  darkness" 
and  exposing  "the  apostasy"  in  the 
larger  denominations  and  church 

The  churchman  declared  he  stood 
"for  the  same  old  militancy  which 
produced  the  separatist  movement  in 
the  first  place." 

"He  seems  set  on  a  course  of  rule 
or  ruin,"  commented  the  Rev.  Dr. 
John  E.  Millheim  of  New  York,  gen- 
eral secretary  of  the  ACCC.  "If  he 
can't  control,  he's  started  trying  to 

MUlheim  said  the  council,  made  up 
of  15  smaller  denominations  with  a 
total  of  1.5  million  members,  has  mov- 
ed to  surmount  its  pmiticular  "Mcln- 
tire image,"  but  he  insisted  this  did 
not  involve  any  "underground  man- 

"That's  just  ridiculous,"  he  is  quo- 
ted as  saying. 


Glen  EHyn,  III.  (EP)  —  In  a  sui- 
\'6y  of  thousands  of  evangelical 
churches  m  North  America,  the  over- 
whelming majority  of  pastors  said 
they  feel  Vacation  Bible  School  has 
as  much  or  more  potential  than  ever 

as  a  means  of  winning  people  to 
Christ  and  helping  others  grow  in 

The  survey  was  conducted  by  the 
Christian  Education  Research  Divis- 
ion of  the  Scripture  Press  Foundation 

The  Di\'ision  was  recently  establish- 
ed for  the  purpose  of  gathering  and 
reporting  significant  data  related  to 
local  church  Christian  education. 

In  September,  1968,  six-page  ques- 
tiormaires  were  mailed  to  more  than 
42,000  pastors  and  5,076  were  receiv- 
ed —  a  response  of  11  per  cent. 


Minneapolis  (EP)  —  Thu-ty-eight 
men  turned  in  draft  cards  at  a  resis- 
tance ser\'ice  at  First  Unitarian 
Church  here.  The  Rev.  Robert  Leh- 
man, minister,  welcomed  those  pres- 
ent to  his  "fortress  of  conscience." 

"This  meeting,"  he  said,  "is  to  say 
'no'  to  any  ugly,  shameful,  obscene 

"And  by  saying  'No,'  "  he  contin- 
ued, "we  are  saying  'Yes'  to  life." 

If  America  is  "saved,"  Mr.  Lehman 
held,  it  will  be  because  of  "the  gentle, 
understanding  men  who  are  brave 
enough  to  say  'No'  to  the  jugger- 

Nearly  1,000  persons  —  most  of 
them  college  and  uni\'ersity  students 
—  attended  the  service  which  fea- 
tiu-ed  resistance  songs  and  films. 

'LIE'   AND    'SMEAR' 

New  York  (EP)  —  The  Rev.  David 
Poling,  president  of  the  Christian  Her- 
ald, has  described  as  a  "deliberate 
falsehood"  and  "a  calculated  smear" 
charges  made  by  a  group  called  Cler- 
gymen's Committee  on  China. 

Mr.  Poling  issued  his  statement  in 
response  to  an  advertisement  which 
the  Clergymen's  Committee  on  China 
placed  in  the  November  18  issue  of 
The  New  York  Times. 

The  Cliristian  Herald's  president 
also  objected  to  the  use  of  his  uncle's 
name,  the  late  Dr.  Daniel  A.  Poling, 
m  the  advertisement.  The  ad  carried 
the  phrase  "(Founded  by  Dr.  Daniel 
A.  Pohng)"  under  the  committee's 
name  in  a  coupon  soliciting  funds. 

Noting  that  the  Clergymen's  Com- 
mittee on  China  objected  to  NCC 
statements  which  supported  a  halt  to 
the  bombing  in  North  Vietnam,  ad- 
mission of  Red  China  to  the  United 

Page  Twenty-eight 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Nations,  and  avoidance  of  "provoca- 
ti\-e  militai-y  action  against  mainland 
Cliina,"   IVIr.   Poling  replied: 

"The  historic,  eternal  —  often  pain- 
ful —  unpopular  tasl^  of  the  Christian 
churcli  is  to  preach  peace,  to  stand 
against  warfare,  to  challenge  tlie  mil- 
itary mind  and  the  armament  men- 
tality. When  the  Council  of  Church- 
es —  be  it  National  or  World — bacl<s 
away  or  hesitates  from  this  burning 
tasl<,  it  is  dishonest  to  the  Bible  and 
unfaithful  to  Christ." 


St.  Louis  (EP) — Concordia  Publish- 
ing House,  owned  and  operated  by 
the  Lutheran  Church-Missouri  Synod, 
will  celebrate  its  100th  anni\-ei-sai-y 
during  1969. 

Third  largest  of  Protestant  relig- 
ious publishers  in  the  nation,  Concor- 
dia will  marl<  its  centennial  by  focus- 
ing on  "New  Horizons  in  Christian 


Ponce,  P.R.  (EP) — Governor-elect 
Luis  A.  Ferre  says  his  administration, 
which  will  take  over  January  2,  wiU 
be  "deeply  Christian,  but  rooted  in 
strict  separation  of  church  and  state." 

Mr.  Ferre,  a  Roman  Catholic,  made 
his  comments  in  addressing  the  Puer- 
to Rico  Evangelical  Coimcil. 

The  goivernor-elect,  who  ended  20 
years  of  Papular  Democratic  Party 
rule  with  a  23,000-vote  plurality,  saw 
separation  of  church  and  state  as 
"essential  to  a  pi-oper  democratic  de- 

According  to  Mr.  Ferre,  the  "m,ajor 
problems  of  Puerto  Rico  cannot  be 
salved  witli  money  alone,  but  require 
spiritual  force." 


Macon,  Ga.  (EP)— The  12-year-old 
son  of  a  Baptist  missionary  ser\dng 
a  si.x-year  prison  term  in  Cuba  will 
return  soon  to  the  United  States. 

The  imprisoned  missionary  is  the 
Rev.  David  Fife,  who  with  the  Re\'. 
Herljert  Caudill,  another  Southern 
Baptist  working  in  Cuba,  was  arrest- 
ed in  19S5,  along  with  40  Cuban  Bap- 
tist pastors. 

Mr.  Fite  and  Mr.  CaudUl  were  sen- 

tenced to  6  and  10  years,  respectively, 
on  charges  of  illegal  currency  e.x- 
ohange,  "counter-revolutionary  activ- 
ities and  ideological  diversionism." 


Minot,  N.D.  (EP) — An  airman  who 
insisted  an  weai-ing  a  small  gold  cross 
on  his  uniform  was  convicted  by  a 
Minat  Au-  Force  Base  court-martial. 

Ail-man  first-class  Philip  Stull,  23, 
of  Litchfield,  Connecticut,  was  found 
guilty  of  disobeying  the  orders  of  a 
superior  officer,  who  had  ordered  him 
to  remove  the  cross. 

He  was  reduced  to  aii-maii  basic, 
the  lowest  rank  in  the  Air  Force,  and 
sentenced  to  two  months  of  hard  la- 
bor —  but  without  confinement. 

Airman  Stull,  who  is  married,  will 
continue  to  live  at  his  heme  in  town 
and  will  report  to  the  base  eacli  day 
for  work  assignments.  He  was  not 
discharged  from  the  sei-vice. 


Hong  Kong  (EP) — Mao  Tse-tung 
has  been  quite  successfiU  in  titUizing 
the  religious  nature  and  superstitions 
of  Chhiese  peasants  in  establishing 
himself  as  the  country's  sax'ioiu",  ac- 
cording to  Paul  Kauiffman  at  his  lis- 
tening post  here. 

It  has  been  reported  from  Hupeh 
Province  that  peasants  there  are 
being  taught  that  they  must  worship 
Mao  each  morning  upon  arising.  The 
ritual  asks  the  people  first  to  "salute 
Chaii-man  Mao."  The  second  is  to  say 
"Long  Life  to  Chairman  Mao."  The 
thh-d  is  to  sing  "The  Easit  is  Red" 
(the  Commimist  national  anthem). 
Fourth,  tlie  people  study  Chaii-maji 
Mao's  "Great  Instructions."  And  be- 
fore every  meal  they  are  required  to 
chant  his  supreme  instruofcions  or  sa- 
lute his  portrait. 

One  old  peasant  allegedly  made  a 
oo'nfession  in  front  of  Chaii-man  Mao's 
portrait  before  he  tried  to  repair 
damage  done  to  crops  which  were 
trampled  by  cattle. 


Compton,  Calif.  (EP)— Two  youth- 
ful robbers  twice  fired  a  22-calibre 
revolver  at  the  Rev.  Ross  Owens,  a 
Baptist  minister  here,  but  the  clergy- 
man walked  away  imhurt. 

"I  was  supposed  to  fall  over  and 
die    —    but    nothuig    happened,"    he 

said.  Instead,  the  youths  robbed 
Owens  of  $1.27. 

Alterted  police  rushed  to  the  scene 
in  time  to  captiu'e  the  bandits.  They 
found  a  hole  in  Owens'  coat  but  no 
blood.  Then  the  minister  pulled  out 
a  sheaf  of  gcsj^el  tracts  and  discover- 
ed they  had  absorbed  the  impact  of 
the  buUet. 

Tlie  slug  lay  harmless  in  the  bot- 
tom of  his  shii-t  pocket. 

"It  was  a  miracle,"  said  Owens. 
"And  I'm  sure  those  two  young  men 
believed  it,  too." 




Saji  Francisco  (EP)  —  Bishop 
James  A.  Pike  who  accordmg  to  one 
canon  law  authority  has  excluded 
li'imself  from  Episcopal  Church  sac- 
raments by  remarrying  after  divorce 
without  church  approval,  now  faces 
a  ban  on  preaching  in  the  diocese  lie 
headed  before  his  retirement  two 
years  ago. 

Bishop  C.  Kilmer  Myers  of  Cali- 
fornia, Bishop  Pike's  successor,  made 
a  "personal  request"  to  clergymen 
in  the  diocese  to  bar  the  controver- 
sial prelate  from  their  pitlpits  be- 
cause of  the  remarriage. 

Bisliop  Pike  said  he  "regretted" 
the  decision,  noiting  that  Bisliop  My- 
ers' action  was  "only  a  pereonal  re- 
quest. He  has  absolutely  no  canon- 
ical authority  to  suspend  me  from 
functioning  in  our  diocese,"  he  said. 

Bishop  Pike  married  Diane  Ken- 
nedy, co-author  of  his  latest  book, 
December  20,  in  a  Methodist  church. 
The  foi'mer  Miss  Kennedy  is  the  bish- 
op's third  wife. 

.$380,000   AT   AUCTION 

New  York  (EP)  —  A  letter  mail- 
ed for  two  cents  to  the  Bombay  (In- 
dia) Auxiliai-y  Bible  Society  brought 
the  highest  price  for  a  single  item 
ever  paid  at  a  phUatelic  auction. 

Nobody  knows,  however,  who  mail- 
ed the  letter  or  what  its  message 
was,  as  its  age  (it  was  mailed  in 
1847)  prohibits  unfolding  the  letter 
without  running  the  risk  of  destroy- 
ing two  stamps  on  it. 

The  stamps,  issued  in  Mauritius,  an  . 
Indian  Ocean  island,  have  an  engrav- : 
er's  error  and  they  were  sold  here ' 
for  $380,000  to  a  Now  Orleans  dealer.  , 
There  are  an  estimiated  14  such  i 
stamps  in  existence. 

February  15,  1969 

Page  Twenty-nine 





by  REV.    FRED    BURKEY 


'^et^    ^o  UAct^   (^^'ii<it 

Gospel  Light  Publications'  1969  Vacation  Bible  School 
theme  is  "Let's  Go  With  Christ."  The  preview  of  this 
material  which  we  had  in  Glendale  early  in  January 
makes  me  think  that  this  is  the  best  VBS  material 
available.  Ten-day  Sample  Kits  are  available  at  $6.95 
and  five-day  Kits  at  $4.95  from  the  Brethren  Publishing 
Company.  In  addition,  request  the  filmstrip  by  Ethel 
Barrett,  "It's  Time  To  Quit."  This  excellent,  color  film- 
strip  could  be  a  big  help  in  recruiting  VBS  workers 
for  your  Vacation  Bible  School.  Watch  for  the  G/L 
VBS  clinic  in  your  area. 

^eUe(Actt<^   (^(xd^-   ^tf<j4 

This  title  tells  the  story  of  the  1969  Scripture  Press 
VBS  material.  This  year  Scripture  Press  presents  a 
five-day  course  for  the  first  time  witli  specially  pre- 
pared courses  for  Nursery,  Beginner,  Primary,  Junior 
and  Young  Teen.  Young  People  and  Adult  courses  are 
electives.  Ten-day  Sample  Kits  are  $5.,50,  five-day  Kits 
are  $4.50.  Watch  for  the  S/'P  VBS  clinic  in  your  area. 

fr^K^ctco^d     itau/i  ^MgUieiC^Ce 

Help  has  arrived  for  Junior  High  youth  leaders.  The 
spring  "Transition"  kit  is  now  available  at  $9.95. 
"Transition"  provides  a  full  quarter  of  complete  ma- 
terials for  Junior  Highs — evening  action  group  materi- 
als, church  school  devotional  plans  and  departmental 
leadership   training. 

"Transition"  represents  a  new  concept  in  evening 
youth  group  material — for  the  "action  group."  As  the 
leader  uses  the  material,  he  will  guide  youth  into  their 
own  examination  of  problems  that  "bug"  them. 

The  Spring  1969  issue  contains  the  following  items: 


VVelconie    to    Transition 

Five  Ways  to  Enrich  your  Junior  High 

How  to  be  an  Action  Group  Advisor 
Buzz  Groups  and  Brainstorniiui; 
Creative  Learning  With  Collage-s 
Shepherds  or  Little  Tin  Gods? 
Personal  Opinion  Survey 
I  Need  Help! 




In  my  opinion,  this  resource  material  can  transform 
your  youth  group.  It  is  so  versatile  that,  until  the 
Senior  High  materials  are  produced,  with  a  bit  of 
imagination  "Transition"  can  be  used  for  High  School- 
ers,  too! 

You  will  find  that  tliere  is  more  than  enougli  ma- 
terials for  one  quarter  but  since  there  is  no  rigid  time 
schedule,  the  timing  can  be  adapted  to  suit  the  needs 
of  any   group. 

This  should  prove  very  helpful  to  youth  leaders. 

^^'iC<i-tC<ZK   Sduc€itco*t    'J^gfAtueii 

The  second  major  supplement  to  the  Brethren  Christ- 
ian Education  manual  will  soon  be  mailed  to  churches 
who  possess  it.  The  article  "Principles  of  Christian 
Education"  should  be  inserted  in  the  Church  School 
Section  of  tlie  manual.  The  article  has  a  lengtliy  biblio- 
graphy whicli  should  also  be  of  value. 

In  addition,  a  supplement  to  the  filmstrip  catalog- 
is  included.  Many  new  filmstrips  have  been  purchased 
for  your  use,  so  place  this  supplement  in  j-our  present 

Page  Thirty 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Are  Adult  i  Important? 


Recently  a  Brethren  Church  School  superintendent 
was  heard  to  say,  "The  adult  classes  are  not  import- 
ant. It's  the  kids  that  matter.  If  we  don't  get  them, 
we    have    no    future." 

Another  Brethren  Church  School  administrator  stated 
that  his  church  had  virtually  no  Jr.  High  young  people. 
Upon  furtlier  questioning,  it  was  learned  that  the 
parents  of  Jr.  High  age  young  people  were  also  missing 
from  the  church  school. 

Mrs.  Ethel  Barrett  related  in  a  worksliop  how  she 
had  visited  a  church  scliool  tliat  liad  been  struggling 
for  its  life  and  they  asked  her  if  she  could  detect  any- 
thing that  might  be  causing  this  situation,  and  bringing 
such  a  lack  of  finances.  A  quick  look  at  those  attend- 
ing the  school  revealed  that  is  was  made  up  almost 
exclusively  of  children  in  large  numbers  while  adult 
classes  consisted  of  sometimes  only  two  or  three 

Another  prevalent  misconception  concerning  adults 
in  the  cliurcli  school  is:  any  kind  of  teaciiing  goes  for 
adults.  .  .  and  so  the  adults  go.  Or  perhaps  it  would 
be  more  accurate  to  say,  "And  so  the  adults  stay 
home."  It  is  not  true  that  adults  will  take  anything — 
they  rebel  just  as  certainly  as  teenagers  rebel  at  meat- 
less and  fruitless  teachings! 

Why  are  adults  important  in  the  church  school  then 
you  ask?  A  quick  half  dozen  reasons  (you  can  easily 
think  of  more  with  little  effort)   are: 

1.  Adults    provide    leadership    for   the   church   in    all 

fields  such  as  organization  and  administration, 
teaching,  evangehsm,  missions,  etc. 

2.  Adults  who  are  won  to  Christ  will  bring  children 

and  young  people  into  the  church  with  them. 
This  is  much  more  likely  to  happen  than  children 
and  youth  bringing  adults  into  the  church. 

3.  Adults  provide  financial  stability  for  the  church. 

4.  Adults    are    examples   for   youth    -   good   and   bad 

examples.  A  survey  conducted  by  NSSA  of  evan- 
gelical church  youth  revealed  that  1  out  of  4 
youth  felt  parents  were  the  most  influential 
factor  in  their  conversions  and  the  next  four 
most  influential  factors  were  pastors,  evangel- 
ists, Sunday  school  teachers  and  camp  counsel- 
ors—All Adults!  Roy  Zuck  and  Gene  Getz  also 
report  in  this  same  book  (Christian  Youtli:  An 
In  Depth  Study)  that  adult  hypocrisy  was  ranked 

first  as  a  concern  of  youth  as  they  observed  the 
church.  Failure  of  adults  to  live  up  to  what  they" 
profess  to  believe  was  another  deep  concern  of 
youth  as  was  the  fact  that  one  out  of  six  teens 
were  dissatisfied  with  adult  interest  in  the  young 
people  of  the  church,  or  their  lack  of  appreci- 
ation for  youth  abilities. 

.5.  Adults  are  carriers  of  the  Word  -  into  homes,  fact- 
ories, businesses,  recreation — all  walks  of  life. 

6.  Adults  need  salvation,  fellowship,  worship,  guid- 
ance in  Christian  living,  in-depth  Bible  study, 
etc.,  as  much  as  children  and  youth  need  these  in 
their  lives. 

But  what  can  be  done  to  correct  the  adult  situation 
in  our  church  schools?  thirst,  we  must  create  a  climate 
of  concern  for  adults  of  the  church  school.  We  must 
convey  the  importance  of  adults  in  God's  plan  and  not 
solely  for  what  they  can  do  for  the  church.  It  is  import- 
ant to  build  up  our  children  and  teens  but  not  at  the 
expense  of  adults. 

Secondly,  we  should  expect  that  teachers  of  adults 
will  be  as  good  as  or  better  than  teachers  of  children 
and  youth — trained,  employing  varied  methods  of 
teaching,  using  audio-visual  aids,  concerned  about 
students,  praying. 

Thirdly,  we  should  provide  vital  and  varied  fellowship 
and  projects  for  adult  church  school  classes.  Have  you 
ever  heard  the  complaint  from  adults  that  sounds  like 
this?  "We  never  do  anything  interesting  at  class  meet- 
ing. It's  always  cut  and  dried,  boring  and  monotonous! 
Whoever  said  that  a  class  meeting  had  to  be  "food, 
business  and  devotions"  -  in  that  order  of  Importance? 
Plan  church  and  community  projects;  visit  special 
clinics,  schools  to  train  the  handicapped,  law  enforce- 
ment agencies,  welfare  departments,  etc.  and  then  re- 
late these  experiences  to  Biblical  truths  and  daily 
Christian  living. 

Christ  thought  adults  were  important  enough  to 
teach  and  minister  to  them  almost  exclusively  (except 
for  a  couple  of  recorded  incidents  with  children  and 
even  these  were  used  to  teach  adults).  He  taught  in 
synagogues,  on  hillsides,  at  private  homes,  in  gardens, 
by  lakes,  in  cities,  by  wells,  from  boats;  by  ones — like 
Nicodemus;  by  families — like  Lazarus,  Mary  and 
Martha;  by  groups — like  the  twelve  disciples;  by 
crowds — like  the  5,000. 

Can  we  do  less? 

February  15,  1969 

Page  Thirty-one 


The  BYC  of  the  Gretna  Brethren  Church  opened  the 
new  year  with  the  election  of  officers;  they  are: 

President  Ron  Waters 

Vice  President   Paul  Deardurff 

Secretary  Marcia  McPherson 

Treasurer    Barb  Ranger 

Correspondent    Roger  Waters 

Advisors  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Michael 

Mr.   and   Mrs.   Larry 
We  had  a  Negro  city  councilman  come  to  speak  to 
our   youth   group   and   evening   church   services   about 
racial  problems. 

The  BYC  picked  up  apples  and  made  cider  in  October. 
We  got  enough  apples  to  make  75  gallons  of  cider  and 
it  sold  very  quickly. 

A  few  weeks  later  we  had  a  Halloween  party  with 
31  young  people  attending. 

For  a  Christmas  project,  we  made  Christmas  tree 
decorations  from  empty  egg  sheUs. 

On  Saturday  evening,  December  22,  the  BYC  present- 
ed a  Christmas  pageant  entitled  "Angel  On  A  Step- 
ladder."  It  is  the  story  of  a  man's  discovery  of  the  real 
meaning  of  Christmas  and  the  change  it  made  in 
his  life. 

On  January  26th  we  decided  to  start  a  Mid-week 
Bible  Study  class.  We  decided  to  meet  in  members' 

—  Roger  Waters,  correspondent 


WE  HAVE  BEEN  very  busy  and  have  done  lots  of 
things  this  year  in  our  Junior  BYC  at  Flora. 
We  began  meetings  in  September  with  a  trip  to  Turkey 
Run  Park.  This  was  a  lot  of  fun  and  started  our  year 
off  well.  We  also  had  election  of  officers  with  Terry 
Shoff  as  president.  Colleen  Clem  as  vice  president, 
Susan  Duff  as  secretary,  Joy  Shoff  as  treasurer  and 
Donna  Voorhees  as  reporter. 

In  October  we  sold  Halloween  candy  and  made  about 
$45.00  on  our  Christmas  program.  We  had  a  Christmas 
Supper  for  all  the  church.  Rev.  and  Mrs.  Kindley  pre- 
sented the  film,  "Mr.  Chairman,  I  So  Move,"  which 
was  enjoyed. 

We  sold  pecans  and  candy  logs  at  Cliristmas  to  raise 
money  for  the  National  Project.  We  hope  to  raise  about 
$250.00  in  all. 

—  Donna  Voorhees,  reporter 


The  ending  of  1968  has  brought  with  it  the  end  of 
half  of  a  wonderful  year  for  our  group.  We  have  been 
averaging   15-20   young   people   each   Sunday. 

The  liighlight  of  the  first  3  months  was  a  contest 
among  the  BYC  members.  It  was  rather  close  most  of 
the  time;  but  at  the  end  Ray  Walk's  team  beat  Tom 
Aurandt's  team!  Now  the  losers  will  treat  the  winners 
to  a  nigJit  of  ice  skating  at  a  nearby  arena! 

Our  officers  this  year  are  as  follows: 

President    Dan  Lecky 

Secretary    Bernie  Parks 

Treasurer   Paul  Aurandt 

The  advisors  are  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ale.x  Lynch  and  Nancy 

We  have  had  only  a  chance  to  raise  money  by  raking 
leaves  but  are  planning  several  interesting  "personal" 
projects  for  the  near  future. 

We  are  proud  of  our  group  and  proud  that  we  can 
share    in   the   Lord's   work. 


WE  HAVE  six  active  members  this  year.  Each  has 
an  office  and  performs  his  duties  at  the  business 
meetings.  We  meet  once  a  week  on  Friday  after  school 
at  the  church. 

Members  play  a  game  or  prepare  material  for  the 
lesson  while  waiting  for  everyone  to  arrive.  Tlien  the 
meeting  is  held  followed  by  a  lesson  from  Jr.  Programs 
and  Activities.  Each  lesson  goes  along  with  the  time 
of  year. 

The  youth  raked  leaves  on  the  church  yard  twice 
with  the  money  they  received  for  this  going  to  the 
National  Project. 

The  Jr.  youth  were  represented  both  times  the 
churcli  liad  a  roller  skating  party  and  the  last  time 
on  January  9th  there  were  7  members  and  guests 
present  from  oiu'  group. 

—  Mrs.  Warren  Fisher 

1968  -  69 




Page  Thirty-two  The  Brethren  Evangelist! 

Daily  Vacation  Bible  School 


Our  booksfore  will  have  in  stock  a  complete 
supply  of  materials  for  your  Daily 
Vacation  Bible  School  for   1969. 

We  carry  materials  from  - 

Please  order  the  bulk  of  your  material 
from  your  own  bookstore!     We  will 
give  you    10%  on  your  orders  and  will 
send  to  you  prepaid.     The  usual  items 
are  returnable. 

Order   from: 


524   College   Avenue 
Ashland,   Ohio      44805 


March  Is  World  Relief  Month 

itnamese  clean-up  crews,  mostly  women,  are  employed  in  the 
Drld  Relief  Commission  "food-for-work"  program.  Here 
jy  are  trying  to  fill  in  a   1,000  lb.  bomb  crater.  WRC  dispenses 
tright  relief  when  necessary,  but  feels  the  dignity  of  the 
lividual  is  preserved  when  he  can  work  for  food,  clothing, 

Vol.  XCI 

March  1.  1969 

No.  5 



Editor  of  Publications   Rev.  Spencer  Gentle 

Board  of  Editorial  Consultants 

Woman's  Missionary  Society 

Mrs.  Charlene  Rowser 
National  Laymen's  Organization 

Mr.  Floyd  Benshoff 

Missionai-y  Board   Mrs.  Marion  M.  Mellinger 

Sisterhood   Miss  Kathy  Miller 

Board  of  Christian  Education: 

Youth  Commission Miss  Beverly  Summy 

Adult  Commission   Rev.  Fred  Biu-key 

Published  biweekly    (twenty-six  issues  per  year) 

524  College  Avenue 

Ashland,  Ohio  44805 

Phone:  323-7271 

Terms  of  Subscription: 
$4.00  per  year  single  subscription 

Entered  as  second  class  postage  paid  at  Ashland, 
Ohio.  Accepted  for  mailing  at  special  rate,  section 
1103,  Act  of  Oct.  3,  1917.   Authorized  Sept.  3,  1928. 

Change  of  Address:  In  ordering  change  of  ad- 
dress, please  notify  at  least  three  weeks  in  advance, 
giving  both  old  and  new  address. 

Remittances:  Send  all  money,  business  communi- 
cations and  contributed  articles   to  above  address. 

Prudential  Committee: 

Elton  'Whitted,  President;  Richard  Poorbaugh, 
Vice  President;   Rev.   George  W.  Solomon. 

In   This    l:5ue: 

Notes  and  Comments    2 

Guest   Editorial;     "Potluck   Inspiration" 

by    Rev.    Phil    Lersch    3 

World   Relief   Promotional   Materials    G 

"The  Christian  and  War" 
by  Rev.   Charles  Lowmaster    15 

Newo  from  the  Brethren   20 

Pastor's  Conference  on 
Faith  and  Order  Program   22 

Goals  Report  for  1967-68  Conference  Year 23 

Christmas  at  the  Brethren's  Home  24 

The  Missionary  Board    25 

Boys'  Brotherhood  Program  for  March   28 

The  Board  of  Christian  Education   29 



YOU  WILL  find  beginning  on  page  3  with  the 
Guest  Editorial  promotional  materials  for 
the  World  Relief  program  of  the  Brethren  Church. 
Please  read  it  very  carefully  and  thoroughly, 
think  about  it,  pray  about  it,  then  do  something 
tangible  by  giving. 

Here  is  a  program  where  we  as  individuals, 
local  organizations  in  tlie  church,  and  local  church- 
es can  do  some  real  worthwhile  good  for  people 
who  are  in  distress  and  need  tangible  help. 

This  is  also  a  program  outside  our  own  confines 
where  we  can  do  much  good.  If  your  church  is 
not  participating  in  this  program,  we  urge  you 
to  begin  as  soon  as  possible! 

NOTE:     All  Pastors! 

ON  PAGE  22  of  this  issue  of  the  magazine  yoi 
will  find  the  program  for  the  annual  Pas 
tors'  Conference  on  Faith  and  Order.  The  com 
mittee  has  gone  to  a  great  deal  of  work  to  plar 
a  program  that  will  be  interesting  to  you. 

The  books  mentioned  in  the  first  paragraphs  o 
the  article  are  available  at  The  Brethren  Publish 
ing  Company  with  the  usual  discount. 

If  you  wish  these  books,  please  order  then 


There's  a  little  white  church  so  dear  to  my  hear 
Where  I  can  find  rest  for  my  soul; 
Where  I  can  commune  with  my  God  up  ab0'\'e ; 
His  infinite  goodness  extol. 

Down  the  aisle  of  this  oh'ttroh,  I  wienit,  one  glad  da 

Convicted,  my  sms  to  confess. 

A  wonderful  peaceftUness  came  over  me; 

I  yielded  my  own  wUlfulneSj. 

How  I  love  this  old  church;  This  little  white  churcl 

That  introduced  me  bo  the  Lord. 

I  deeply  regret  that  I  knew  Him  so  late; 

A  waste  that  I  could  not  afford. 

Ill  this  little  wliite  ohui-Qh,  though  humble  and  plai 
I  know  that  my  God's  always  there, 
Amidst  humble  people  with  heoirts  in  accord, 
To  hear  and  to  ansvv^r  eaxsh  prayer. 

Yes,  the  little  white  ohuroh,  that  stands  by  the  ixya 
Will  ever  be  precious  to  me. 
'Twas  there  tliat  the  Saviour  came  into  my  life, 
To  cleanse  me  and  set  my  soul  free. 

Norman  McPherson 

ilarch  1,  1969 

Page  Three 





Votluck  Iiispiratiov] 


i^'hat  excites  you? 

i'^hat  motivates  you? 

I'^hat  challenges  you? 

l^hat  touches  you? 

I'^hat  moves  you  ? 

S^^hat  grips  you? 

S'^hat  gets  to  you? 

i^hat  gets  under  your  skin? 

^hat  activates  you? 

^hat  inspires  you? 

\^hat  encourages  you? 

Vhat  keys  you  up? 

\^hat  tui"ns  you  on? 

Vhat  changes  you? 

Vhat  melts  you? 

IS  IT. 

FACTS?  "The  20%  of  the  world's  people  who 
live  in  the  so-called  Christian  societies  of  the  West 
now  absorb  75%  of  the  world's  income,  invest- 
ment and  trade.  Among  the  other  80%'  are  an 
estimated  one  billion  human  being-s  who  not  only 
live  in  abject  poverty  but  suffer  daily  of  i-ecur- 
rent  crippling  hunger"   (J.  Wilson). 

HUMAN  INTEREST?  "In  Calcutta,  India,  the 
homeless  sleep,  and  die,  in  alleys  and  on  the  side- 
walks. Every  morning  a  truck  comes  around  to 
pick  up  the  dead.  Although  many  missionary 
groups  ai'e  active,  the  number  of  destitute  simply 
ovei-whelms  them"  (E.  Graffam). 


page  12). 

(See  Biafran  pictures  and  story  on 

SPECIFIC  NEEDS?  WRC  has  promised  sev- 
eral pastors  in  West  Pakistan  that  we  will  raise 
funds  to  pay  for  materials  for  1.5  parsonages,  if 

Page  Four 

The  Brethren  Evangelisi 

they  would  do  the  work.  WRC  is  also  ijroviding 
18  bicycles  to  assist  the  pastors. 

OPTIMISM?  Last  year  22  more  Brethren 
Churches  began  giving-  to  World  Relief  for  the 
first  time;  29  made  it  the  second  year  in  a  row! 

whimper  of  a  starving  child  somewhere?  Fee 
the  ache  of  his  skinny  body.  See  the  longing  ir 
his  glassy  eyes.  Sense  the  confusion  of  his  wander- 
ing mind.  Taste  the  dryness  of  his  empty  mouth 
Touch  his  taut,  motionless  skin.  .  .  Can  you  wali 
on  by  ?  Are  you  a  Priest  or  a  Levite  or  a  Samai'itar 
— or  a  Christian? 

LOGIC?  "Li  a  world  that  has  become  one 
community — united  by  supersonic  plane  and  Tel- 
star — a  world  whose  resources  have  been  created 
for  the  well-being  of  all,  there  is  but  one  answer — 
to  close  in  the  economic  and  social  gap  that  divides 
man  from  man  quickly  while  there  is  yet  time" 
(J.  Wilson). 

SCRIPTURE?  "But  if  a  man  has  enough  to 
live  on,  and  yet  when  he  sees  his  brother  in  need 
shuts  up  his  heart  against  him,  how  can  it  be 
said  that  the  divine  love  dwells  in  him?"  (A.  John, 

LARGE  NUMBERS?  "The  government  of 
Hong  Kong  has  met  the  problem  of  resettlement 
by  erecting  ten  16-story  high-rise  buildings,  hous- 
ing up  to  43,000  people  in  one  complex.  Each  com- 
plex includes  schools  from  8  to  12  stories  high. 
One  church  group  is  allowed  to  evangelize  2400 
children  in  one  complex"   (E.  Graff  am). 

A  SIMPLE  REQUEST?  Will  you  give  sacri- 
fically  to  help  supply  the  money  for  the  food, 
clothing,  blankets,  medicine  and  bandages  so 
urgently  needed  right  now  in  Vietnam? 

PAST  ACHIEVEMENT?  In  Vietnam,  the 
WRC  school  lunch  program,  reaches  approximately 
20  schools  with  100  to  300  students  in  each.  A 
widespread  emergency  program  of  distribution  of 
food,  clothing,  blankets,  medicine,  and  bandages 
was  followed  by  a  distribution  of  15,000  Testa- 
ments and  Scripture  portions  procured  through 
the  American  Bible  Society. 

SYSTEMATIC  GIVING?  Each  church  mem- 
ber should  examine  his  church's  Unified  Budget 
to  know  how  much  is  given  to  World  Relief. 

PLEAS?     Won't    you    please,    please,    please 
(that's  a  lot  of  pleas)  admit  you  hear  the  pathetic 

APPRECIATION?  "I  want  you  to  know  agair 
how  very  much  we  appreciate  the  continued  inter 
est,  the  prayer,  the  financial  support  that  comes 
to  us  from  the  Ashland  Brethren"  (E.  Graffam) 

SELF-HELP?  In  Vietnam,  members  of  th( 
former  carpentry  class  began  to  constiiict  needec 
furniture  out  of  bomb  crates,  and  women  fron 
the  sewing  class  made  clothing  out  of  "food  foi 
peace"  sacks. 

QUESTIONS?  Wouldn't  you  like  to  have  < 
part  in  showing  Christian  love  to  these  who  hav< 
suffered  so  much? 

ANSWERS?  "In  our  own  country,  if  only  i 
fraction  of  the  enormous  amounts  spent  on  arm 
aments  and  highways  were  poured  into  housing 
medical  care,  education  and  carefully  designei 
programs  of  rehabilitation — plus  adequate  finan 
cial  assistance  where  jobs  are  not  available — ^ther 
is  reason  to  believe  that  poverty  could  be  virtuall; 
eliminated  in  one  decade"  (J.  Wilson). 

SHAME?  "Our  people  at  home,  with  thei 
affluent  society,  comforts  of  every  description  an 
food  to  waste,  have  little  idea  of  the  great  agon, 
of  body  and  soul  of  these  people"  (E.  Graffam) . 

PSYCHOLOGY?  You  wouldn't  want  to  cor 
tribute  an  extra  $5.00  to  ship  another  100  pound 
of  clothing,  would  you  ? 

MULE  PSYCHOLOGY?  Don't  you  dai'e  delil 
erately  miss  a  meal  each  week  as  a  symbol  ( 
your  desire  to  identify  with  the  millions  of  hui 
gry  fellow-earth-inhabitants ! ! ! ! !  1 1 

STRENGTH  IN  NUMBERS?  Last  year  . 
Brethren  Cliurches  and  5  individuals  contributfj 
$4,630  for  World  Relief.  ' 

March  1,  1969 

Page  Five 

COMMANDS?  The  WRC  has  been  able  to 
Drovide  limited  funds,  through  acceptable  chan- 
lels,  to  aid  the  starving  Biafrans.  But  much  more 
nust  be  done!  If  WRC  is  to  help,  thousands  of 
idditional  dollars  must  be  given  to  meet  this  need 
IS  well  as  fulfill  the  heavy  commitment  in  other 
ireas ! 

PRIZES?  Sorry,  no  S  &  H  Gi-een  Stamps  with 
his  offer — just  the  inner  peace  and  blessing  of 

be  closed.  The  greatest  hazard  to  this  undertaking 
is  spiritual — the  apathy  bom  of  our  very  afflu- 
ence. The  task  of  the  Christian  is  cleai" — to  fonii 
a  conscience  and  spirit  of  caring  that  crossing  all 
frontiers  will  drive  home  in  season  and  out  of 
season  the  worldwide  obligation  imposed  upon  us 
by  our  wealth — an  obligation  to  undertake  bold 
and  constructive  works  for  others  that  go  far 
beyond  anything  we  have  yet  undertaken.  If  we 
cannot  do  this,  then  like  the  salt  that  has  no  sav- 
our, we  sliall  in  God's  economy  be  fit  only  for  a 
nuclear  dung  heap"  (J.  Wilson) . 

MOTTOES?  "Bread  for  myself  is  a  material 
:oncern;  but  bread  for  my  brother  is  a  spiritual 
oncern"  (W.  Rockey). 

THREATS?  The  wide  gap  between  affluence 
md  poverty  is  "the  seedbed  of  revolution,  class 
var  and  racial  violence.  Here  is  the  real  threat  to 
)eace  and  order  of  the  new  nations  of  Africa,  and 
.0  the  stability  of  our  neighbors  in  Latin  America" 
:J.  Wilson). 

REWARDS?  "Then  the  king  will  say  to  those 
»n  his  right  hand,  'You  have  my  Father's  blessing ; 
ome,  enter  and  possess  the  kingdom  that  has 
)een  ready  for  you  since  the  world  was  made  .'  .  .  . 
\.nd  the  king  will  answer,  T  tell  you  this:  any- 
hing  you  did  for  one  of  my  brothers  here,  how- 
iver  humble,  you  did  for  me!'  "  (Jesus  Christ, 

URGENCY?  "The  call  now  is  for  peoples  and 
governments  alike  to  enlist  in  an  all-out  struggle 
'or  man  and  against  the  age-old  enemies  of  ignor- 
mce,  poverty  and  disease.  It  is  a  call  for  massive 
>fforts  in  education,  technical  assistance,  the  pro- 
luction  of  electrical  power,  the  assurance  of  better 
ind  steadier  prices  for  raw  materials  and  a  tariff 
structure  less  weighted  against  developing  nations, 
t  is  a  call  for  the  recognition  of  the  responsibility 
)f  the  strong  to  reach  out  a  hand  across  the 
chasm'  and  shai'e  the  burden  of  the  weak" — be- 
fore it  is  too  late.  (J.  Wilson). 

SARCASM?  I  really  hate  to  occupy  so  much 
)f  your  time  reading  this  because  I  know  most 
)f  you  ai'e  giving  all  you  possibly  can  already. 

OBLKJATION?  "Ultimately  the  answer  lies 
m  the  hearts  of  men.  It  is  here  that  the  gap  must 

PERSONAL  WORDS?  "As  I  neared  the  good 
old  U.S.A.,  I  realized  how  privileged  we  are  here. 
To  be  sui'e,  there  is  some  grinding  poverty  and 
personal  tragedy,  but  it  just  does  not  compare 
with  the  acres  of  agony  I  observed  in  so  many 
other  lands.  Need  piled  upon  need  the  farther  I 
went.  I  guess  one  has  to  see  it  to  believe  it.  I  was 
glad  to  see  how  much  had  been  done  in  some  areas, 
but  I  strongly  feel  we  could,  and  should,  do  much 
more.  This  is  certainly  an  hour  of  opportunity  to 
minister  in  both  a  material  and  spiritual  way" 
(E.  Graff  am). 

pick — but  don't  carry  the  idea  too  far  and  respond 
with  "left-overs." 

Don't  crowd  out  of  your  comfortable,  little 
woild  the  crowds  of  desperate  people  all  over  God's 
big  world! 

Which  of  the  families  you  could  feed  will  you 
keep  hungry  another  day?  Don't  wait  too  long — 
they  might  be  dead!!! 

Special   Notice   to: 




Please   send   all   contributions   for 
World  Relief  to: 

Mr.  George  Kerlin,  Treasurer 
Route  4,  Box  227 
Goshen,  Indiana     46526 

Page  Six 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Spontaneoi''  Unsolicitated 
THANKS  "^     YOU,  Brethren 

As  contained  in  letters  received  by  the  Peace  and  World  Relief  Committee, 

FROM:     Dr.  Everett  S.  Graff  am 

Executive  Vice  President 
World  Relief  Commission,  Inc. 
The  International  Relief  Arm  of  the 
National  Association  of  Evangelicals 

Dr.  Graffam,  as  he  leads  World 
Relief  Workshop  at  the  1968 
General  Conference. 

February,  1968: 

"How  grateful  we  are  for  your  continuing  interest  and  financial  aid. 
The  crisis  in  Vietnam  not  only  accelerated  the  problems  but  also  the  crying 
need  to  help  the  many  thousands  of  homeless  refugees. 

"You  will  be  pleased  to  know  that  your  gifts  will  help  us  to  give  both 
spiritual  and  physical  aid  to  more  than  50,000  Vietnamese  each  month 
this  year.  I  am  sure  you  can  see  that  the  number  who  wlD  stiU  be  needing 
help  may  be  multiplied  by  many,  many  thousands. 

"Our  report  for  1967  indicates  that  services  rendered  and  food  and 
clothing  delivered  was  in  excess  of  15,000,800  pounds  with  a  value  of 
$1,600,000.  The  total  number  of  men,  women,  and  children  helped  in  so  many 
ways  during  1967  exceeded  3,600,000.  This  represents  several  countries 
where  we  are  privileged  to  serve  in  His  name. 

"We  are  grateful  for  all  you  have  done  through  prayer  and  participation." 

July,  1968:     (Just  after  returning  from  Vietneim) 

"While  it  was  a  most  profitable,  interesting,  and  helpful  trip,  I  must 
admit  that  many  times  it  was  a  heartbreaking  experience.  Meeting  4,000 
bombed-out  refugees  living   in   the  old  elephant  barns  made  by  former 
kings  of  Hue,  is  indeed  quite  an  experience.  To  pass  out  1,000  blankets 
(in  the  name  of  many  like  your  orgfanlzation  who  have  helped  purchase  them) 
when  ,50,000  are  needed,  is  both  rewarding  and  frustrating." 

July,  1968:     (Prior  to  his  visit  to  General  Conference  in  Ashland) 

"Thank  you  for  your  willingness  to  share  in  travel  expenses  and  room 
and  board.  You  asked  me  to  be  candid  about  the  honorarium.  Actually, 

March  1,  1969 

Page  Seven 

I  feel  that  your  organization  is  doing  exceedingly  far  above  and  beyond  any 
honorarium,  and  my  services  will  be  rendered  in  light  of  a  small  attempt 
on  my  part  to  indicate  our  profound  appreciation  for  all  of  your  help." 

September,  1968: 

"Greetings  in  Jesus'  name.  It  hardly  seems  possible  so  many  weeks  have 
flown  quickly  by  since  our  last  opportunity  of  fellowship  and  discussion 
at  the  Ashland  Conference.  May  I  say  again  how  thrilled  I  was  to  be  with  you, 
to  meet  the  people  there,  to  have  an  opportunity  to  participate  and  acquaint 
the  people  in  more  complete  detail  about  the  work  of  World  Relief  Commission." 

October,  1968: 

"I  am  grateful  to  you  and  Rev.  Gentle,  and  appreciate  everything  that 
you  all  have  done  to  help  us  do  this  important  work  in  the  name  of  your  church 
and  in  the  name  of  our  Lord,  for  the  good  of  people  and  the  glory  of 
His  name." 

December,  1968: 

"I  want  you  to  know  again  how  very  much  we  appreciate  the  continued 
interest,  the  prayers,  the  financial  support  that  comes  to  us  from  the 
Ashland  Brethren. 

January,  1969 

"Please  express  to  our  good  friends  in  the  Ashland  Brethren  group  our 
sincere  gratitude  for  all  they  have  done  to  help.  I'm  sure  the  people  whom 
they  have  helped  say  thank  you  too." 

Places  where  Dr.  Graffam  has  visited-- 

West  Pakistan     (Dr.  Graffam  i: 

"I  visited  several  villages  and  observed 
schools,  churches,  and  the  condition  of 
the  parsonages.  The  churches  want  to 
be  self-supporting,  but  they  are  so  poor 
that  their  pastors  live  under  very 
primitive   conditions   and   work   very 
hard,  traveling  to  their  many  parishes 
bj'  bicycle,  or  by  foot.  In  that  hot,  dry 
climate,  it  is  very  debilitating.  I  was 
touched  by  their  devotion  to  Christ 
and  their  people. 

"They  would  like  to  build  permanent 
buildings  rather  than  use  the  sun-baked 
brick  which  is  so  temporary.  I  told  them 
that  WRC  would  raise  funds  to  pay 
for  materials  for  fifteen  buildings  if 
they  would  do  the  work.  They  agreed. 
One  parsonage  is  paid  for  now — fourteen 
more  to  go.  Also  eighteen  bicycles 
are  purchased  for  their  use." 

Vietnam    (Dr.   Graffam): 

"Places  which  had  been  only  names 
in  the  news  were  now  towns  where 
people  were  trying  to  live,   or  had 
ceased  to  live.  I  visited  scliools, 
orphanages,  hospitals,  refugee  centers, 
food-for-work  projects — places  where 
WRC  is  involved.  Here  there  is  no 
question  that  the  War  Without  Guns 
is  a  battle  for  survival.  At  DaNang 
we  drove  by  the  military  camp  and  saw 
an  army  of  refugees,  many  of  them 
children,   scrounging   aroimd   for 
something  to  eat,  to  wear,  or  otherwise 

"One  of  the  important  weapons  in 
the  War  Without  Guns  is  education    - 
and  WRC  is  involved  mostly  in  vocational 
and  Cliristian  lay  leadership  training 
in  several  locations.  Both  tj-pes  of 
training  were  given  at  our  school  on 
a  30-acre  farm  on  the  outskirts  of  Hue." 


WRC  helps  children  through  its  day- 
care  nurseries.   During   1968   WRC 
provided  22  million  meals  to  children 
in  Korea. 

Page  Eight 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


1968  General  ronference  -  Ashland,  Ohio 

TICKETS  cost  $1.50  each  at  Redwood  Dinning  Hall  on  Wednesday 
evening  of  General  Conference  last  August — which  isn't  so  unusual. 
But  the  "guests"  received  only  60C  worth  of  soup,  crackers,  beverage  and 
service — and  that  is  unusual! 

The  other  90C  per  ticket  lielped  a  starving  child  live  another  day.  A  total 
of  226  people  expressed  their  concern  in  this  way.  All  tickets  sales  and 
contributions  netted  .$268.40  for  World  Relief. 

"Soup  Sippers     for  World  Relief:     Dr.  Graffam, 
Re\.  \Vm.  Cole,  Rev.  Geo.  Solomon. 

Some  of  the  226  Brethren  attending  Soup  Supper  in 
Redwood  Dining  Hall 

March  1,   1969 

Page  Nine 

W.  M.  S.  helps  W.  R.  C. 

Women  Sew  for  World  Relief 

by  MRS.   (Bonnie)   SUMMY 

XN  EARLY  OCTOBER,  the  World  Relief  Committee 
of  General  Conference  sent  a  packet  of  materials 
:o  the  presidents  of  each  W.M.S.  group  in  our  churches, 
md  to  the  pastors  as  well.  There  were  two  folders — 
'Using  Your  Needle  For  God"  and  "8  Ways  You  Can 
^elp" — supplied  by  the  World  Relief  Commission,  Inc. 
Along  with  the  folder  were  suggestions  which  came 
from  the  "Time  of  Sharing"  at  our  closing  session 
)f  W.M.S  at  General  Conference  last  August.  Since 
:here  may  be  some  who  haven't  seen  the  complete  list, 
lere  it  is  again. 

.  A  sleeveless  knit  vest  can  be  made  from  the  following 
directions:     (they   prefer   that   these   be   made  with 
(lark  color  yarn,  such  as  navy,  dark  green  or  dark 
Materials:    2  oz.  3-ply  wool  yarn.  1  pair  No.  2  needles. 

crochet  hook. 
Back:  Cast  on  72  st.  Knit  8"  in  ribbing   (k.5,p. 

2)  Cast  off  5  St.  at  the  beginning  of  next 
2  rows.  Knit  3"  in  stocking  stitch. 
Neck:  K.15.  Cast  off  32  sts.  Loosely  K.15.  Knit 

6  rows.  Break  off  wool.  Knit  6  rows  on 
other  side.  Cast  on  36  sts.  Continue  rib- 
bing to  end  of  row. 
Front:  Knit  the  yoke  the  same  as   back.   Cast 

on  5  sts.   at   beginning  of  next  2   rows, 
then  rib  the  same  as  back  -  8". 
Finish:  Crochet    holes    around    neck    with    treble 

stitch.  Crochet  chain  to  go  through  holes. 
Do  single  crochet  around  armholes. 
We  have  included  the  complete  directions  for  the 
vest  since  it  doesn't  require  much  yarn  and  is  easy 
to  knit  -  if  you  can  knit.  However,  if  you  can't  then 
the  following  ideas  may  help  you. 
.  Ask  your  women  to  donate  materials  ■  prints  and 
outing  flannels  or  wool.  Use  the  larger  pieces  for 
dresses,  gowns,  slips,  sacques,  diapers,  etc.  The 
smaller  pieces  can  be  used  for  making  quilts  or  com- 
fort tops. 

3.  A  "Finish-As-You-Go"  quilt  can  be  made  from  41/2" 
squares  of  print  or  plain  material  and  4"  squares  of 
outing  flannel.  Space  does  not  permit  including  the 
complete  directions,  but  if  you  want  a  set,  please 
write  to  tlie  following  address  and  she  will  be  happy 
to  send  them  to  you: 

Mrs.  Ray  Summy 
502  Sandusky  St. 
Ashland,  Ohio     44805 

4.  Lap  robes  can  be  knitted  or  crocheted  from  the 
many  pattern  books  that  are  available  for  afghans, 
such  as  The  Columbis  Minerva  Afghan  Book  -  Vol. 
722.  Tlie  desired  size  for  most  lap  robes  would  b? 
36"  X  45".  Lap  robes  can  also  be  made  from  the  same 
pattern  as  the  "Finish-As- You-Go"  quilt. 

5.  There  are  many  patterns  available  for  caps,  socks, 
mittens  -  also  scarves,  etc.,  to  be  either  crocheted  or 
knitted.  Be  sure  to  contact  your  local  yarn  shop,  as 
they  will  sometimes  donate  soiled  or  obsolete  yarn 
to  be  used  for  mission  work.  Some  women  who 
neither  knit  or  crochet  will  donate  money  to  buy 

6.  You  will  also  find  many  other  ideas  for  making  head 
scarves,  shorts,  hospital  gowns,  hospital  bags,  and 
directions  for  knitted  bandages  used  on  leprosy 
patients  in  the  folder  "Using  Your  Needle  For  God." 

7.  Do  not  forget  that  bandages  are  still  badly  needed 
and  can  be  made  from  discarded  sheets.  They  can 
be  either  2"  or  3"  in  width  and  any  length.  Squares 
are  also  needed  and  can  be  either  3"  or  4"  ■  stacked 
in  piles  of  24  and  tacked  together  with  thread.  They 

Page  Ten 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

prefer  the  bandages  be  tied  (with  pieces  ot  sei\age 
from  the  sheets  or  left-over  strips)  rather  than 
sewed  shut. 

At  the  time  this  pacltet  was  mailed  there  were  lour 
addresses  included  where  you  could  mail  your  packages 
of  clothing;  Long  Island  City,  N.  Y.;  Nappanee.  Ind.; 
Modesto,  Calif.;  Los  Angeles,  Calif.;  also  the  address 
for  the  Church  World  Service  Center,  New  Windsor, 
Md.,  was  given.  Please  Note  the  following  change:  do 
NOT  send  any  clothing  or  blankets  to  the  N.  Y.  address. 
They  have  discontinued  processing  clothing  in  N.  Y. 
because  of  the  high  cost  involved.  Instead,  send  clothing 
and  blankets  postage  pre-paid,  to  the  center  listed 
below  that  is  nearest  to  you: 


P.O.  Box  188 

New  Windsor,  Md. 

%  Lyon  Co. 
21776      3600  S.  Grand  Ave. 

Los  Angeles.  CaliL     90007 

7425  Ardmore  St.  Bo.x  140S7 
Houston,  Texas    77021 

201  S.  Main  Street 
Nappanee,  Ind.     465.50 

919  Emerald  Ave.  Box  3747 
Modesto,  Cahf.    95352 

It  will  help  if  you  will  send  10(5  per  lb.  for  clothing 
and  25c  per  blanket  to  help  cover  the  cost  of  processing 
your  clothing  or  blanket  gift  on  its  way  overseas.  Send 
all  money  to: 

World  Relief  Commission.  Inc. 

33  -  10  36th  Avenue 

Long  Island  City,  N.  Y.     11106 

From  this  packet  you  should  find  many  ideas  for 
sewing,  knitting  and  crocheting.  All  of  these  ideas  will 
help  you  to  meet  Goal  No.  8  of  your  National  Goals 

for  W.M.S.   (15  hours  of  sewing). 

Up  to  now  there  are  only  a  few  who  have  reported 
doing  sewing  work  of  any  kind.  We  hope  there  are 
more  who  are  sewing  but  have  not  reported  to  the 
National  president,  editor  of  the  Outlook,  or  district 
president.  One  group  has  made  quite  a  number  of  the 
sleeveless  vests,  mittens,  wool  scarves  for  men,  child- 
ren's clothing  and  bed  socks.  They  have  also  made 
comfort  tops  and  hospital  gowns  from  men's  shirts. 
This  group  also  plans  to  display  finished  articles  in 
their  church  during  the  month  of  March,  to  encourage 
others  to  work  on  this  project  and  to  help  boost  the 
offering  taken  for  World  Relief. 

Another  group  has  made  bandages  and  squares, 
hospital  gowns,  crocheted  booties  and  is  starting  to 
make  lap  robes  using  the  "Finish-as-you-go"  quilt 
pattern.  They  hope  to  make  some  for  camp  cots  as 
well.  One  other  society  reported  that  they  were  plan- 
ning a  larger  offering  this  year,  but  didn't  report 

Women,  what  are  YOU  doing  with  all  of  these  ideas? 
But  more  important,  what  are  you  doing  to  relieve  the 
suffering  and  the  need  of  those  less  fortunate,  espec- 
ially those  in  war-torn  countries? 

Mrs.  Ray   (Bonnie)   Summy,  Member 
Brethren  Peace  and  World  Relief 

Almost  4,000  hand-knitte(i  g-amients  for  Korean  children 
Korean  winters  ai-e  vei-y  cold.  These  gai-nients  contributed  bv 
First  Baptist  Church  in  Collingswood,  New  Jersey.  WRC  ships 
thousands  of  garments  like  these  from  this  church  every  yean 

Harch  1,   1969 

Page  Eleven 

TWO  YEARS  OLD  -  and  counting 

ESS  than  three  years  ago,  General  Conference  au- 
__i  thorized  the  Peace  and  World  Relief  Committee 
D  publicize  and  administer  a  denomination-wide  offer- 
ig  appeal  each  Spring  (in  either  March  or  April). 
:ontributions  are  channeled  through  the  Committee's 
reasurer,  George  Kerlin,  who  forwards  them  to  the 
Vorld  Relief  Commission  of  the  National  Association 
f  Evangelicals. 

Only  two  years  old,  this  venture — but  showing  real 
igns  of  stability  and  growth.  In  thai  time,  over  $7,400 
as  been  received — and  all  but  $323  (for  expenses)  was 
ent  directly  to  the  World  Relief  Commission. 

Here's  the  picture,  in  capsule  form  (Based  on  July 
D  June  fiscal  year) : 

'ear  Churches       Individuals       Receipts 

966-67  26  5  $1,564 

967-68  49  5  $4,630 

968-69   (to  date)  13  1  $1,228 


The  progress  is  encouraging — a  good  lift-off,  but 
not  the  serenity  and  speed  of  orbital  flight.  The  boosters 
are  still  intact! 

We're  still  counting — "Coiuiting"  on  God  to  bless  you 
when  you  share,  and  to  guide  the  use  of  every  gift; 
"Counting"  the  money  as  it  arrives  for  proper  record 
keeping  and  banking;  "Counting;"  on  Brethren  people 
to  increase  their  concern  for  those  less-fortunate  in  the 

We  all  know  we  can  "count"  on  God's  blessing  (when 
we're  generous ) :  You  know  that  George  Kerlin  will 
gladly  "count"  the  money  (as  it  arrives);  and  we  feel 
certain  that  those  hungry,  and  naked,  and  cold  persons 
around  the  world  can  "count"  on  Brethren  people  to 
love  them   (and  e.xpress  it  in  tangible  ways). 

These  churches  have  given  to  World  Relief  through 
the  Brethren  World  Relief  Committee  within  the  last 
year   (between  February,  1968,  and  February,  1969). 

loutlieast  District 

Mt.  Olive" 
Oak  Hill* 
St.  James 

•ennsylvania  District 

Brush  VaUey 
Johnstown  II* 
Johnstown  HI 
Mt.  Olivet 
White  Dale 

central  District 

Cedar  Falls* 


Mid-West  District 

Falls  City* 



Ohio  District 

Ashland  (Park  Street) 






Pleasant  Hill 


Indiana  District 












New  Paris* 

North  Manchester 



South  Bend* 


Winding  Waters 


Papago  Park,  Arizona* 
St.  Petersburg,  Florida 

(*)   Those  churches  contributing  for  the  first  time. 

The  record  is  good,  but  still  the  51  churches  listed 
above  constitute  less  than  one-lialf  our  total  congre- 
gations. Greater  participation  means  more  people 
helped!  See  about  adding  your  church  to  the  list  this 

Phil  Lersch,  chairman 

George  Kerlin,  treasurer 

Peace  and   World   Relief  Committee 

Page  Twelve 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


ft  >\ 

•  ■  ■  \ 

^^m^mmi^&&ai  j^m^z^ 


Slow  death   by  starvation  for  these  pitiable   Biafran  children. 

Study  their  bodies  .  .  .  the  eyes  .  .  .  the  skin. 

Remember  Christ's  love  for  all  .  .  . 

Consider  your   richness   .   .   . 

Why    can't    you    give   Ten    Bucks?    .    .    . 

WRC   sends  funds  to   evangelical  American  consignees  in  Nigeria 
who  are  buying  native  food  and  taking  it  in. 

[Please   give  this   page   as   much   of  youn 

time   as   you   would   if   it  were  full 

of  words.   .   .   .  STOP   Look  at  those 

bodies   again!   Thanks.) 

March  1,  1969 

Page  Thirteen 




Emergency  feeding  of  children  in  Cliile. 

TT'S  a  grim  human  war  against 

extinction,  liunger,  sickness,  poverty, 
disaster,   hopelessness,  illiteracy,  and 
spiritual  darkness.  It  is  more  widespread, 
more  devastating,  more  lasting  in  its 
effects  than  a  shooting  war  which 
eventually  ends.  The  pain  it  brings  is 
deep,  and  often  quiet,  because  it  is 
the  innocent  who  are  trapped,  the 
helpless   who   cannot   voice  their   fear 
and  need.  Yet,  the  human  spirit 
struggles  on  for  identity  and  dignity. 

The  anguish  of  the  masses  is 
individual  and  personal,  such  as: 

*  the  widow  of  a  fighting  man  who 
is  now  sole  support  of  the  family, 

*  the  displaced  tribal  chief  from  the 
hills  who  is  bewildered  and  homesick 

in  a  refugee  camp, 

*  the  starving  child  scrounging  for 
food  in  a  military  dump, 

Burundi,  Africa 

This  family  escaped  tlie  slaughter  in  Rwanda.  They  walked 
over  100  miles — at  night,  hiding  during  the  day.  First  they  were 
given  something  to   eat,   and  then  fitted  with  clothing. 

Page  Fourteen 

Vietnam : 

Dr.  Graffam  noticed  a  bullet  liole  througit  tlie 
sewing   machine   head   in   a   temporary   vocational 
school  in  Hue,  Vietnam,  last  summer.  WRC  is 
now  back  in  its  Christian  Vocation  Training 
Center  on  the  outskirts  of  the  city. 

This  complex  includes  an  elementary  school, 
a  vocational  training  center,  and  a  farm  and  animal- 
husbandry    division.    Literacy    for    adults,    Vietnamese 
history,  and  Bible  are  also  taught.  The  CVTV  is 
surrounded  by  five  refugee  camps.  First-aid  to  war- 
injured  children  is  part  of  the  work  of  mercy  by  WRC. 

Vietnam : 

The  slogan  of  WRC  is  "food  for  the 
body  and  food  for  the  soul."  Whenever 
a  distribution  is  made  some  form  of 
Gospel  witness  goes  along  with  it. 
Here  a  Vietnamese  pastor  is  assisted 
by  a  member  of  the  Christian  Youth 
Social  Service  corps,  a  youth  group 
which   volunteers   one   week   out   of   six 
to  help  WRC  help  their  own  countrymen. 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

*  a  leper  patient  who  wants 
desperately   to   be   self-supporting 
and  self-respecting, 

*  the  unemployed  family  man  who 
is  frustrated, 

*  the  youth  longing  for  an  education. 

All  need  help  and  hope — for  the  here 
and  the  hereafter! 

Are  these  crushed  and  burdened 
people  fighting  this  war  alone?   No, 

many  of  them  are  not,  because  other 
people  care;   and  through  the  World 
Relief  Commission,  evangelical 
Christians  have  joined  forces  with  the 
distressed  in  many  areas  overseas 
to  fight  this  war  by  using  materials 
and  spiritual  armament. 

The  Apostle  Paul  said  "our  weapons 
are  not  carnal"   (KJV) — "nor  merely 
human,    but   divinely   potent"    (NEB). 
Help  given  in  the  name  of  Christ 
becomes    more   than    bread    or 
medicine,  it  becomes  a  weapon  in  the 
spiritual  arsenal  of  the  World  War 
Without  Guns. 

Mr.  Wendell  Rockey  of  ViTlC  has 
aptly  said  "Bread  for  myself  is  a 
material  concern;  but  bread  for  my 
brother  is  a  spiritual  concern." 

There  is  so  much  to  tell — so  much 
good  being  done  through  the  WRC  in 
the  name  of  Jesus  Christ.  These 
words  and  pictures  will  help! 


March  1,  1969 

Page  Fifteen 




EVERY  NEWSPAPER  we  pick  up  to- 
day has  some  article  dealing  with 
resistance  to  war  and  the  draft.  We  see 
and  read  of  the  draft  card  burners  and 
riots  that  are  often  more  violent  and 
bloody  than  the  war.  We  hear  praised 
such  men  as  Dr.  Spock,  Rap  Brown  and 
Stokely  Carmichael  who  lead  in  anarchic 
movements  against  order  and  goverment. 
The  S.D.S.  and  S.N.C.C.  which  have  been 
unquestionably  proven  communistically 
oriented  and  directed  subversive  organ- 
izations are  hailed  as  champions  of  demo- 
cracy and  freedom  by  naive  youth  and 
adult  alike  and  usually  found  at  the  fore- 
front of  the  so-called  "peace  movement." 
But  the  truly  dangerous  quality  about 
these  various  groups  is  that  they  propose 
the  deception  that  they  are  motivated 
by  Christian  principles  of  love. 

However,  it  is  not  our  purpose  to  deal 
with  these  this  morning  but  with  the 
recent  peace  articles  which  appeared  in 
the  October  26  issue  of  The  Brethren 
Evangehst,  because  these  have  aroused 
both  questioning  and  anger  on  the  part 
of  many;  and,  because  several  have  asked 
me  to  comment  on  whether  this  was  truly 
the  Brethren  position  on  war,  pacifism 
and  non-resistance.  In  the  time  allotted, 
it  is  impossible  to  deal  with  all  the  pros 
and  cons  involved.  One  of  the  primary 
principles  involved  is  that  of  the  separ- 
ation of  Church  and  State.  There  are 
those  that  claim  that  the  Christian  has 
only  one  allegiance,  that  to  the  Kingdom 
of   Christ,   which   precludes   obedience   to 

Page  Sixteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

any  earthly  government.  There  is  not 
time  to  deal  in  detail  with  this  issue  ex- 
cept to  say  that  the  approacli  of  this 
message  is  rejecting  such  a  radical  claim 
both  as  impossible,  impractical  and  un- 
scriptural.  This  message  will  confine  it- 
self to  an  analysis  of  the  principles  of 
theology  involved  in  the  several  articles 
written  on  the  question  as  printed  in  The 

The  Historic  Position  of  the  Brethren 

There  is  no  question  that  The  Brethren 
Church  is  recognized  throughout  the 
world  as  one  of  three  major  "peace 
churches" — the  Quakers,  the  Mennonites 
and  the  Brethren.  We  are  registered  with 
our  government  as  opposing  war  as  a 
means  of  solving  international  disputes. 

The  Colonial  Brethren  Churcli  refused 
to  bear  arms  in  the  Revolutionary  War. 
Its  offical  position  was  that  of  a  com- 
pletely non-resistant  attitude.  However, 
the  hypocrisy  of  this  approach  is  revealed 
in  their  hiring  of  others  to  take  their 
places  in  the  ranks  of  service,  which  was 
permitted  by  law.  It  would  seem  that 
these  Brethren  were  not  so  much  opposed 
to  war  as  to  their  participation  in  it.  Nor 
were  they  that  concerned  with  spreading 
the  doctrine  of  non-resistance  as  to  en- 
courage others  to  refuse  to  resist  but, 
instead,  hired  others  to  resist  for  them. 
The  second  reflection  of  this  hypocrisy  is 
revealed  in  their  practice  of  refusing  to 
sell  their  grain  to  either  side  lest  they 
be  guilty  of  aiding  the  conflict.  They 
would  not  send  their  grain  to  market  for 
fear  that  it  might  be  confiscated  by  either 
friend  or  enemy.  To  solve  the  problem 
many  set  up  stills,  converted  their  grain 
into  whiskey  and  sold  it  to  both  sides! I! 

In  the  light  of  the  preceding  it  is  ques- 
tionable whether  Brethren  tradition  is  the 
most  worthy  example  for  the  present- 
day  Church.  In  fact,  it  is  questionable 
whether  this  even  ought  to  be  the  position 
of  The  Brethren  Cliurch  today.  Such 
teachings  as:  "Thou  shalt  not  kill";  "love 
your  enemy,  do  good  to  those  who  de- 
spitefully  use  you";  etc.,  need  to  be  inter- 
preted in  the  light  of  the  entire  Scripture 
rather  than  in  versicle  isolation.  The 
commandment,  "Thou  shalt  not  kill"  is 
not  a  blanket  condemnation  of  every  act 
of  taking  a  man's  life.  It  is  not  a  mandate 
against  capital  punishment  as  some  would 
think.  The  primary  meaning  of  the  com- 
mandment is  "Thou  shalt  do  no  murder." 
It  forbids  taking  the  life  of  another  out 
of  hatred  or  search  for  vengeance. 

It  is  also  questionable  whether  a  church 
ought  to  deliberately  seek  to  indoctrinate 
its  people  to  a  non-rosistant  state  where 

they  refuse  to  share  the  common  decen- 
cies and  responsibilities  of  defending  the 
weak  and  innocent  against  the  ravages 
of  indecent  and  ungodly  men.  The  man 
who  would  refuse  to  resist  an  intruder 
into  his  home  when  it  threatened  the  lives 
committed  to  his  protection  is  unfaithful 
to  the  marriage  covenant.  Likewise  a 
powerful  nation  which  would  stand  by 
and  let  an  aggressor  ravage  a  weak 
neighbor  without  lifting  a  hand  to  help 
would  be  guilty  of  violating  the  law  of 

Israel  was  condemned  for  apathj'  and 
failure  to  assist  the  weak,  helpless  and 
needy  in  her  midst.  The  tendency  is  to 
oversimplify  the  issues  and  to  ignore  the 
complexities  of  a  pluralistic,  religious 
world.  The  tendency  is  toward  a  too 
superficial  examination  of  Biblical  teach- 
ing. Many  see  the  tree  but  miss  the  forest 
of  which  one  tree  is  only  a  part.  By  ex- 
amining one  oak  tree  we  say  that  the  for- 
est is  oak.  But  the  final  description  of  the 
forest  must  be  made  in  the  light  of  its 
total  composition.  Likewise  a  Biblical  doc- 
trine is  dependant  upon  proper  exegesis 
and  is  composite  of  the  many  teachings 
on  the  issue  in  question. 

Analysis  of  Some  of  Tlie  Statements  in  I 
the  Peace  Articles: 

Some  of  the  issues  in  question  can  be 
clarified  through  an  analysis  of  some 
statements  in  the  "peace"  articles  in  The 
Brethren  EvangeUst  of  October  26,  1968. 

The  first  article  was  written  by  Mr. 
Tom  O'Connor  who  is  editor  of  the  Allen- 
dale County  Citizens,  Allendale,  South 
Carolina,  entitled,  "War  Death  Not  God'si 
Will."  It  is  an  account  of  some  of  his  re- 
flections upon  the  death  and  funeral  of 
his  son  who  was  killed  in  the  war  in  'Viet 
Nam.  His  conclusion  is: 

"I  cannot  accept  my  son's  death  as 

a  matter  of  God's  will.  I  must  reject  a 

God  who  would  create  so  well  and  then 

purposedly  destroy.  The  God  I  worship! 

is  a  God  of  creation." 

First  of  all  let  it  be  affirmed  that  God 
did  not  destroy  the  son  of  Tom  O'Connor 
but  rather  this  is  the  result  of  the  sinful 
system  which  claims  men  in  many  ways 
as  its  victim.  Secondly,  if  Tom  O'Connor 
"must  reject  a  God  who — would  purposely 
destroy,"  then  he  must  reject  the  God  of 
the  Christian  faith.  There  are  many  in-i 
stances  in  which  God  specifically  com-i 
manded  the  destruction  of  not  only  men,- 
but  also  women  and  children.  There  are? 
specific  commands  to  completely  annihi-i 
late  such  cities  as  Sodom  and  Gomorrah.i 
the  people  of  Noah's  time,  the  Canaanites 
and  the  Midianites  (Numbers  31:1-2,  7 

Uareh  1,  1969 

Page  Seventeen 

Another  statement  by  Mr.  O'Connor  is 
that:  "God's  own  Son  died  because  of  the 
wilfulness  of  man,  unheeding  the  plea 
for  peace  on  earth." 

Let  it  be  understood  that  there  is  an 
element  of  truth  in  this  statement.  Jesus 
Christ  did  die  because  of  the  sinfulness 
of  men  but  not  necessarily  because  those 
men  of  His  day  were  sinful  haters  of 
God.  If  these  men  would  have  been  His 
friends  Jesus  Christ  would  still  have 
needed  to  die  because  of  the  sin  which 
began  in  The  Garden  and  infected  the 
lives  of  all  men  who  followed.  In  fact, 
The  Scriptures  tell  us  that  it  was  God's 
specific  purpose  in  sending  Christ,  that 
He  should  be  killed!!  If  men  would  not 
have  sacrificed  Jesus  Christ,  God  Himself 
would  have  had  to  find  a  way!!  It  is  true 
that  men  did  kill  Jesus  but  that  was 
Jesus'  purpose  in  coming;  but  on  the 
other  hand,  might  it  be  said  that  men  did 
not  kill  Jesus:  He  gave  His  life  that  they 
might  live.  This  would  seem  like  the 
truer  analysis  of  the  death  of  Tom  O'Con- 
nor's son.  God  didn't  kill  him,  sinful  men 
did;  but  he  gave  his  life  that  others  might 

The  second  article  with  which  we  shoidd 
deal  is  found  on  page  7  of  The  Brethren 
Evang:elist,    "Man's   Last   Inalienable,    In- 
human Right,"  and  was  written  by  Donald 
Wells,   Chairman   of   the   Department    of 
Philosophy  at  Washington  State  Univer- 
sity. He  makes  this  statement  after  citing 
statistics  of  the  human  losses  of  this  war: 
"It   is   this   monstrous   extermination 
parading  under  the  banner  of  civilized 
nations  that  needs  a  new  look  today.  It 
is  the  blithe  assumption  that  there  are 
"some  things  more  important  than  life," 
that  has  lost  all  human  savor.  Once  this 
thesis  is  granted,  then  the  whole  mis- 
erable history  of  human  brutality  fol- 
lows, and  we  "justify"  scattering  human 
corpses  like  fertDizer  to  nurture  ephe- 
meral nationalism." 
It  is  perfectly  true  that  this  philosophy 
is    that    which    gives    an    aggressor    the 
daring  to  transgress  the  rights  of  others. 
But  is  this  the  same  philosophy  of  the 
victim  or  the  resistor  or  protector  of  the 
weak?    Are    there    actually    any    values 
more  important  than  human  life?  Jesus 
said,    "Greater    love    hath   no    man    than 
this,  that  a  man  will  lay  down  his  life  for 
a  friend." 

A  second  statement  of  Mr.  Wells  is: 

"Whether  we  slay  our  brothers  to 
save  face  or  property  a  value  commit- 
ment has  been  made  that  will  generally 
make  war  the  lesser  of  two  evils." 

Hero  the  question  is,  is  it  fair  to  group 
the  aggressor  and  defender  together  un- 

der one  moti.ational  heading?  Are  "sav- 
ing face"  or  "material  property"  the  only 
objectives  of  war?  This  might  well  en- 
compass the  motivation  of  the  aggressor, 
but  are  these  the  only  possibUities  of  the 
defenders?  It  remains  to  be  proven  that 
nonresistance  to  today's  communistic  ad- 
vance has  resulted  in  the  advancement 
of  love  or  the  Kingdom  of  Christ  among 
communistically  governed  peoples.  In  fact, 
the  opposite  is  true;  where  Communism 
has  been  given  free  sway,  the  Christian 
witness  has  virtually  ceased.  Note  again 
how  Mr.  Wells  superficially  groups  ag- 
gressor and  resistor  under  one  motiva- 
tional philosophy ; 

"By   this   Alice   In  Wonderland   logic 
we  then  called  the  Germans  beasts  for 
bombing  England,  while  the  Allies  were 
simply  shrewd  tacticians  when  they  laid 
waste  to  Dresden.  The  Japanese  were 
sneaky  at  Pearl  Harbor,  while  we  were 
clever  at  Nagasaki." 
It    iias    been    generally    agreed    that    the 
dropping     of     the     bomb     on     Nagasaki 
actually    saved    lives    inasmuch    as    it    is 
estimated  that  it  would  have  cost  millions 
of   lives   to   have   brought   the  war  to   a 
conclusion  by  invading  Japan  and  resulted 
in  widespread  destruction  as  opposed  to 
the    thousands    who    lost    their    lives    in 
Hiroshima    and    Nagasaki    and    the   rela- 
tively confined  property  loss. 

Mr.  Wells  makes  the  following  state- 
ments concerning  the  findings  of  The  Nye 

"Between  the  two  World  Wars  Amer- 
icans conducted  two  contradictory  cam- 
paigns with  regard  to  human  slaughter. 
On  the  one  hand,  there  were  peace 
movements  designed  to  promote  the 
means  that  take  away  the  stimuli  to 
war.  On  the  other  hand,  Americans 
developed  the  entire  military-industrial 
complex  on  the  thesis  that  war-making 
was  an  American  economic  right.  The 
Nye  Committee,  for  example,  exposed 
the  infamous  "merchants  of  death"  who 
were  quite  badly  engaged  in  the  busi- 
ness of  making  and  nurturing  wars. 
The  American  arms,  aircraft,  heavy 
equipment  and  gun  powder  industries 
were  (the  Nye  Committee  points  out) 
not  only  selling  weapons  to  both  sides 
in  wars,  but  when  business  lagged,  they 
sent  emissaries  around  the  world  to 
create  wars  where  none  had  existed." 
Let  is  simply  be  said  that  what  "mer- 
chants of  death"  did  in  scheming  secrecy 
does  not  warrant  a  blanket  condemnation 
and  a  resultant  complicity  on  the  part  of 
a  nation  as  a  whole. 
Again  Mr.  Wells  states: 

"There  is,  perhaps  no  way  of  deter- 

Page  Eighteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

mining  wliat  should  have  happened  had 
America  been  wilhng  to  join  with  other 
peace  seething  nations  in  the  League 
of  Nations  in  its  effort  to  provide  an 
alternative  to  war.  The  dismal  fact  is, 
however,  that  the  League  struggled 
without  American  backing,  and  the 
currant  unwillingness  of  our  own  ad- 
ministration to  use  the  United  Nations 
as  an  adjudicator,  makes  it  equally  un- 
likely that  World  War  III  will  be 

The  naivety  of  those  who  seek  "peace- 
ful coexistence"  with  atheistic  Commu- 
nism is  shared  by  Mr.  Wells  who  fails  to 
recognize  the  impossibility  of  accord  of 
Communism  with  freedom  and  individual 
worth,  or  atheism  with  theism.  Both  the 
League  of  Nations  without  participation 
of  the  United  States  and  the  United  Na- 
tions with  her  full  participation  and  co- 
operation have  shown  themselves  woe- 
fully inept  and  ineffective  in  dealing  with 
international  problems.  To  attempt  to 
conciliate  with  philosophies  of  govern- 
ment and  relationship  of  peoples  with  one 
another  between  those  nations  that  are 
pagan,  atheistic  or  non-Christian  and 
those  who  are  directed  by  a  theistic,  and 
more  specifically.  Christian  approach  is 
like  trying  to  mix  oil  and  water.  The  an- 
swer to  peace  in  the  world  still  lies  in 
the  Gospel's  conquest  of  men  and  nations 
so  that  we  all  have  one  spirit. 

The  last  article  with  which  we  shall 
deal  is  found  on  page  9:  "Can  Amer- 
ica Break  the  Cycle  of  Empires?"  It 
was  written  by  J.  W.  Fulbright,  Chair- 
man of  the  Senate  Foreign  Relations 
Committee.  Mr.  Fulbright  charges  that 
the  function  of  all  great  powers  is 
not  law  and  order  but  "the  exercise  and 
expansion  of  power  beyond  its  borders" 
(colonialism).  He  further  states  that 
"Powerful  nations  have  always  devoted 
the  major  part  of  their  resources  to  build- 
ing empires."  Is  this  really  true  of  Amer- 
ica? It  might  be  true  that  there  is  a  cer- 
tain necessary  attempt  to  influence  other 
nations  beyond  our  borders  which  is  the 
prerogative,  and  a  necessary  one,  for  all 
nations  but  it  cannot  be  said  of  America 
that  she  has  attempted  to  enlarge  her 
borders  at  the  expense  of  or  against  the 
wishes  of  other  nations  since  the  time 
that  her  original  boundaries  were  estab- 
lished (with  the  exception,  perhaps  of 
The  Mexican  War.).  Additions  to  the 
possessions  of  the  United  States  have 
largly  been  through  petition  of  the  peo- 
ples involved. 

A  second  statement  of  Mr.  Fulbright  is: 

"But  our  youth  are  wiser  than  their 

elders;  they  know  that  our  future  will 

not    be    shaped    by    some    nonexistent 
"law"  of  politics  but  by  human  choice 
or  susceptibility.  They  see  their  country 
succumbing,   sliding  toward   an  imper- 
ial  destiny — and   they    are   crying   out 
against    it.    They    are    crying    out    for 
America  to  return  to  its  history  and  its 
promise,   and   in   their   crying   out   lies 
the  hope  that  it  will." 
Can  the  action   of  the  leftist   oriented 
youth  rebellion  be  classified  as  wisdom? 
How  can  America   "return  to  its  history 
and  its  promise"  when  these  are  the  very 
things  that  are  being  denounced  and  des- 
troyed by  the  youthful  rebellion? 

Conclusion : 

The  factors  that  are  often  overlooked 
in  the  argument  of  peace,  war  and  non- 
resistance  is  cogently  presented  in  Dr. 
C.  F.  Yoder's  book,  "God's  Means  of 

"Rulers  are  not  a  terror  to  the  good 
work,  but  to  the  evD.  And  wouldst  thou 
have  no  fear  of  the  power?  Do  that 
which  is  good,  and  thou  shalt  have 
praise  from  the  same:  for  he  is  a  min- 
ister of  God  to  thee  for  good.  But  if 
thou  do  that  which  is  evil,  ba  afraid;  for 
he  beareth  not  the  sword  in  vain  (Rom. 

"The  principal  of  this  passage  just- 
ifies not  only  the  exercise  of  police 
power  in  maintaining  law  and  order  at 
home,  but  in  all  places  where  the  gov- 
ernment has  rightful  authority.  It  was 
clearly  the  duty  of  America  to  put  a 
stop  to  the  atrocities  in  Cuba,  although 
it  is  not  clear  that  a  war  was  necessary 
to  do  it.  It  was  in  accordance  with  this 
principal  that  the  Israelites  were  used 
to  punish  Canaanites,  whose  cup  of  in- 
iquity had  been  filling  for  more  than  i 
400  years  (Gen.  15:16).  As  the  neighbor 
of  an  individual  is  anyone  whom  he 
may  help  (Luke  10:36),  so  the  neighbor 
of  a  nation  is  any  people  whom  that 
nation  may  help.  And  if  the  giving  of 
help  requires  that  the  sword  be  born 
against  the  thieves,  as  well  as  caring 
for  their  victim,  the  nation  must  then 
be  "a  terror  to  the  evil."  But  Christian 
nations  have  no  riglit  to  resort  to  the 
sword  merely  to  settle  their  contentions. 
Though  war  may  be  inevitable  among! 
the  barbarous  nations,  which  like  the 
animals  know  no  better  than  to  fight 
for  what  they  want;  yet  nations  that' 
have  heard  the  Gospel  of  the  love  ofi 
God  ha\'e  no  excuse  for  savagery.  The 
same  principles  that  forbid  individual 
Christians  to  go  to  law  with  one. 
another  forbid  Christian  nations  to  wan 
with  one  another  (pp.  503-504). 
Note    his    statement:    "Christian   nations' 

March  1,   1969 

Page  Nineteen 

have    no    right    to    resort    to    the    sword 
merely  to  settle  their  contentions!!!" 

"There  is  no  excuse  for  war  between 

Clu'istian  nations  ever  to  show  its  gory 

hoofs  again"  (p.  509). 

The  Biblical  principles  of  non-resis- 
tance usually  have  application  to  the 
Christian  in  a  personal,  individual  situa- 
tion with  his  enemy.  The  object  of  non- 
resistance  is  to  display  love  and  tolerance 
in  the  hope  of  helping  him  to  see  Christ 
in  us.  This  way  is  outlined  in  Matthew  5: 
3848.  I  do  not  beheve  that  it  is  the  Lord's 
intention  that  this  is  the  only  way  of 
relating  to  our  enemies  but  that  it  is  so 
foreign  to  human  nature  that  generally, 
it  is  the  last  measure  that  a  man  would 
try  to  make  his  enemies  his  friends 
rather  than  the  first.  An  illustration  from 
life  will  show  what  I  mean:  There  was 
a  bully  in  our  grade  school  who  was  very 
aggressive  and  continually  picked  on  any- 
one he  could  find;  it  didn't  matter  whether 
they  were  larger  or  smaller  than  he.  I 
had  no  quarrel  with  this  fellow,  in  fact 
in  many  ways,  I  liked  him.  I  tried  to 
treat  him  civilly  and  as  a  friend,  but  he 
decided  that  he  would  "pester"  me  and 
see  if  he  could  draw  me  into  a  fight.  Hi? 
badgering  began  and  continued  to  grow 
more  aggressive  as  he  saw  I  would  not 
be  baited  and  accept  his  challenge  to  fight. 
Finally,  one  evening  he  waited  for  me 
and  told  me  it  was  fight  or  else.  I  laughed 
at  him  and  told  him  I  was  not  angry  and 
saw  nothing  to  fight  about  but  said  that 
if  that  was  what  he  wanted,  he  would 
have  to  begin  it.  He  was  just  a  small 
fellow  but  full  of  fight  and  furious  that 
I  should  laugh  at  him.  So  on  he  came 
with  fists  flailing.  Ever\'  time  he  would 
rush  at  me,  I  would  hit  him  on  the  nose 
until  it  was  bleeding  profusely.  Finally 
he  gave  up,  not  having  laid  more  than 
one  or  two  blows  on  me.  The  strange 
thing  about  the  situation  was  that  he 
was  waiting  the  next  morning  to  walk  to 
school  with  me,  and  we  have  been  the 
best  of  friends  with  hardly  ever  again 
so  much  as  an  angry  word  exchanged  the 
rest  of  our  lives.  I  never  did  hate  the 
fellow  even  when  I  was  hitting  him  on 
the  end  of  his  nose,  but  in  this  case,  it 
was  standing  up  to  resist  that  made  him 
my   friend,   something   that  my  previous 

nonresistance  never  was  able  to  ac- 

Despite  this  illustration  let  it  be  under- 
stood that  the  Bible  teaches  that  true 
Christians  who  know  the  spirit  of  love 
and  tolerance  do  not  need  to  result  to 
violence  to  solve  their  disputes. 

Note  that  the  New  Testament  teaching 
on  this  subject  is  almost  always  on  the 
individual,  personal  basis  rather  than  in 
relation  to  groups  or  nations.  Neither 
does  it  give  much  direct  illustration  of 
situations  of  intervention  on  behalf  of 
the  needy  or  weak  (Except  for  Peter  in 
the  Garden  which  was  an  exceptional 
situation.)  What  if  the  Good  Samaritan 
had  happened  along  the  road  to  Jericho 
a  little  earlier,  at  the  time  of  the  robbery? 
Do  you  think  Jesus  would  have  taught 
that  he  should  have  stood  by  until  the 
robbers  had  done  their  work,  or  would 
there  have  been  a  condemnation  of  such 
an  attitude?  Is  the  old  time-worn  cliche, 
"There  is  no  Christian  way  to  kill  a  man," 
really  true  on  close  examination?  On  the 
surface  it  would  appear  to  be  true  but 
note  that  the  Bible  forbids  an  attitude  of 
hatred  or  veng;eance  even  in  war  or  re- 
sistance. It  is  this  lack  of  love  and  desire 
for  revenge  which  is  the  damning  quality. 
I  can  think  of  instances  where  there 
might  be  no  other  alternative  to  killing 
a  man  as  the  lesser  of  two  evils. 

In  relation  to  the  bearing  of  arms  in 
the  service  of  one's  country  God  demands 
obedience  to  the  Christian  conscience, 
whether  in  serving  or  in  rejecting  the 
bearing  of  arms.  Whatever  way  the 
Christian  had  adopted,  it  must  stand  the 
test  of  scrutiny  by  the  total  Scripture — 
there  must  be  a  "right  dividing  of  the 
Word  of  Truth."  God  will  never  bless  the 
greedy,  hateful  aggressor  but  He  has 
promised:  "Blessed  are  the  peacemakers, 
for  they  shall  be  called  the  children  of 
God"    (Matt.  5:9). 

Whether  a  soldier  bearing  arms  to  pro- 
tect the  oppressed,  an  "1-A-O,"  a  "CO"  or 
"IW,"  the  Lord  has  commanded:  "If  it 
be  possible,  as  much  as  lieth  in  you,  live 
peaceably  with  all  men"  (Rom.  12:18). 
"Let  us  therefore  foUow  after  the  things 
which  make  for  peace,  and  the  things 
wherewith  one  may  edify  another"  (Rom. 

A  message  delivered  at  the  First  Brethren 
Church  in  Elkhart,  Indiana,  on  January  12, 

Page  Twenty 

The  Brethren  Evangelist  | 

Bethlehem,  Va.  Dr.  John  F.  Locke, 
pastor,  reports  through  the  church 
bulletin  that  the  entire  debt  on 
the  church  building  has  been  paid 
off.  The  debt  was  incurred  when 
some  extensive  remodeling  was 
done  on  the   church. 

Levittown,  Pa.  The  church  has  just 
recently  embarked  upon  a  steward- 
ship program  tliat  is  proving  to 
be   quite   successful. 

Rev.  Robert  Keplinger  who  has 
been  pastor  of  the  church  for  the 
past  several  years  will  be  termin- 
ating tliis  pastorate  within  the 
next  few  montlis. 

Mansfield,  Ohio.  The  congregation 
is  now  in  an  intensive  training 
program  for  Sunday  school  per- 
sonnel as  well  as  other  members 
of  the  church  who  will  be  par- 
ticipating in  a  visitation  program 
early  in  the  spring.  Rev.  Fred 
Burkey,  Director,  the  Board  of 
Cliristian  Education,  is  in  cliarge 
of  the  sessions. 

The  new  building  is  to  be  com- 
pleted before  too  long.  The  heat 
is  in  and  the  interior  is  now  being 

New  Lebanon,  Ohio.  The  auditor- 
ium of  the  cliurch  is  being  re- 
modeled, according  to  Rev.  Donald 
Rowser,  pastor,  and  the  work  is 
coming  along  very  well. 

Bryan,  Ohio.  Through  the  church 
newsletter  it  was  learned  that  the 
Good  Will  Class  of  the  Sunday 
school  paid  special  tribute  to  Mrs. 
Ruth  Diehl  for  her  twenty-five 
years  of  teaching  the  class.  A  fel- 
lowship meal  was  enjoyed  by  the 
class  members  at  a  local  restau- 
rant. Mrs.  Diehl  was  presented 
several  gifts  in  appreciation  of  her 
work  down  through  the  years. 

Flora,  Ind.  Rev.  Clarence  R  Kind- 
ley,  pastor,  was  in  charge  of  the 
radio  devotions  over  station  WSAL 
the  week  of  February  9. 

On  Sunday  evening,  January  19, 
1969,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Russell  Flora 
were  ordained  to  the  offices  of 
Deacon  and  Deaconess.  Rev.  Wood- 
row  Immel,  pastor  of  the  First 
Brethren  Clrurcli  of  North  Man- 
chester, Indiana,  preached  the 
ordination  sermon. 

Fort  Wayne,  Ind.  Worsliip  services 
have  begun  at  Fort  Wayne,  accord- 
ing to  the  Elkhart  Newsletter. 
The  first  meeting  found  16  pres- 
ent at  the  Glenbrook  Shopping 
Mall  Auditorium.  On  February  2, 
98  were  present  for  a  film  on 
evangelism;  33  remained  for  a 
worship  service  which  followed. 

Jlilford,  Ind.  Rev.  Albert  Curtright 
announces  that  on  Sunday  after- 
noon, March  16,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Glen 
Bixler  will  be  ordained  to  the 
offices  of  Deacon  and  Deaconess. 
He  also  announced  that  he  and 
Mrs.  Curtright  were  presented 
witli  their  fourteenth  grandchild 
as  of  February  13,  1969,  when 
Jeremy  Scott  was  born  to  Richard 
and  Gracie  (Curtright*  Crubaugh 
of  Orland,  Indiana. 

South  Bend,  Ind.  Re\".  Jolin  Byler 
reports  that  as  of  February  16, 
1969,  the  new  educational  building, 
except  for  the  carpeting,  is  now 
complete.  Much  of  the  work  was 
done  by  the  laymen  of  the  church. 

Cerro  Gordo,  III.  Rev.  Elmer  Keck, 
pastor,  reports  tliat  a  Bible  read- 
ing program  has  been  instituted 
in  the  church  and  that  several 
young  people  have  been  doing  a 
great  deal  of  reading. 

The  community  is  involved  with 
a  United  Evangelism  program 
with  five  religious  dramas  being 

presented   as   well  as   three  mes-  i 
sages    presented    by    Dr.    Vernie 
Barnett  of  Decatur,  Illinois. 

3Iulvane,    Kans.     The    newly   estab- 
lished   Missionary    Committee    of 
the    Mulvane    church    is    actively 
pursuing   its   work   of   promoting 
missions  in  the  local  church.  They 
have  programmed   a   "Missionary 
of    the    Month"    for    the    coming  i 
year,    and    are    encouraging    the  | 
writing  of  letters  to  that  mission- 
ary   by    three    members    of    the  I 
church.    The    committee    is    also 
working    on    the    Third    Annual 
Missionary     Conference     for     the 
Fall  of  1969. 


KEIL.  Mr.  Ernest  Keil  passed 
away  on  August  22,  1968.  He  was 
a  member  of  the  Carleton,  Nebraska, 
Brethren  Church.  Funeral  services 
were  conducted  in  the  cliurch  by 
Rev.   Francis   Shenefelt. 

Mrs.  Alta  Rachow 

BAKER.  Mr.  Frank  Baker  passed 
passed  away  in  November  of  1968. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Carleton, 
Nebraska,  Brethren  Clturcli.  Funeral 
services  were  conducted  in  the 
churcli  by  Rev.  Francis  Shenefelt. 
Burial  was  in  the  Carleton  Com- 
et erj'. 

Mrs.  Alta  Rachow 

ROWE.  Mrs.  Mertie  Rowe  of 
Hebron,  Nebraska,  passed  away  on 
January  8,  1969.  She  was  a  member 
of  the  Carleton,  Nebraska,  Brethren 
Church.  Funeral  services  were  con- 
ducted in  the  churcli  by  the  Rev. 
Francis  Shenefelt  and  burial  was  in 
the  Carleton  Cemetery. 
*     *     » 

GILBERT.  Mrs.  Ada  Gilbert, 
aged  85,  passed  away  on  Tuesday, 
January  7,  1969.  She  was  a  member 
of  the  Second  Brethren  Church  in 
Johnstown,  Pennsylvania.  The  fu- 
neral was  conducted  by  the  under- 
signed on  January  10,  1969,  at  the 
John  Henderson  Funeral  Home. 
Burial  was  at  the  Headrick  Ceme- 
tary,  Headrick,  Pennsylvania. 

Rev.  Josepli  Hanna 

a         *         A 

WETZEL.  Richard  Allen  Wetzel, 
eight-month-old  son  of  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Richard  Wetzel,  Jr.,  passed  away 
on  Tuesday,  February  4,  1969.  Grave- 

March  X,  1969 

Page  Twenty-one 

side  service  was  conducted  by  Rev. 
Glenn  Shank  and  burial  was  in  tlie 
St.  Lulve  Brethren  Church  Cemetery. 
Mrs.  Frankie  Derflinger 

*  :(:  * 

FLORA.  Mr.  Neal  H.  Flora,  age 
63,  passed  away  on  Monday,  Janu- 
ary 27,  1969.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  First  Brethren  Church  of  Flora, 
Indiana.  Funeral  services  were  held 
on  Wednesday,  January  29,  at  the 
church  with  Rev.  Clarence  Kindley, 
pastor,  in  charge.  Burial  was  in  the 
Maple  Lawn  Cemetery  of  Flora, 

Mrs.  Gladys  Flora 

:[:  *  ^ 

KENDALL.  Mrs.  Dottie  Kendall, 
aged  80,  passed  away  on  Wednesday, 
August  28,  1968.  She  was  a  member 
of  the  Glenford,  Ohio,  Brethren 
Church.  Funeral  services  were  held 
in  Somerset,  Ohio,  by  the  undersign- 
ed, with  interment  in  the  Highland 
Cemetery,  Glenford. 

Rev.  William  Walk 

*  *  * 

ABSHIRE.  Mrs.  Mable  Abshire, 
aged  88,  passed  away  in  late  Janu- 
ary. Her  funeral  was  conducted  by 
the  undersigned  on  Wednesday,  Jan- 
uary 26,  1969.  She  was  a  member  of 
the  First  Brethren  Church  of  Roann, 

Rev.   Herbert   Gilmer 
*     *     • 

LOCKHART.  Miss  Hope  Ann 
Lockhart,  aged  16,  daughter  of  Rob- 
ert and  Arlene  Lockhart  of  Bryan, 
Ohio,  passed  away  on  Friday,  Jan- 
uary  24,    1969,   very   suddenly. 

Funeral  services  were  conducted 
by  the  undersigned  on  January  27. 
Interment  was  in  the  Shiftier  Cem- 
etery. She  was  a  member  of  the 
First  Brethren  Church  of  Bryan, 

Rev.  M.  W.  Dodds 


FINKS-GARNER.  Miss  Patricia 
Ann  Finks,  daughter  of  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Louis  J.  Finks,  became  the 
bride  of  Mr.  Harold  H.  Garner,  Jr., 
son  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Harold  H.  Gar- 
ner, Sr.,  on  Saturday,  December  28, 
1968,  in  the  Maurertown  Brethren 
Church,  Maurertown,  Virginia.  The 
bride's  pastor,  Rev.  Glenn  Shank, 

Mrs.  Frankie  Derflinger 

THOMAS-ROBSON.  Miss  Darla 
Jean  Thomas,  daughter  of  Rev.  and 
Mrs.  Carl  D.  Thomas,  Fremont, 
Ohio,  became  the  bride  of  Mr. 
Donald  Leonard  Robson,  son  of  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Henry  Robson  of  Duryea, 
Pennsylvania,  in  a  double  ring  cer- 
emony performed  by  her  uncle,  Rev. 
W.  E.  Thomas,  and  her  father,  Rev. 
Carl  D.  Thomas.  The  ceremony  was 
performed  on  Sunday  afternoon, 
January  19,  1969,  at  the  Fremont 
Brethren  Church. 

The  couple  wiU  reside  on  campus 
of  Nyach  Missionary  College  where 
Mrs.  Robson  will  graduate  this 

Mrs.  Carl  Thomas 


Hagerstown,  3Iaryland 

Revival  Services 
April  14  -  20,  1969 
Rev.  Donald  Rowser,  Evangelist 
Rev.  W.  St.  Clair  Benshoff, 

St.  James,  3Iarjland 

Revival  Services 

March  16  -  21,  1969 

Rev.  Jerry  Flora,  Evangelist 

Rev.  James  Naff,  Pastor 

South  Bend    (Ardniore),   Indiana 

Evangelistic  Services 

April  6  -  13,  1969 

Rev.  Wm.  Anderson,  Evangelist 

Rev.  C.  Wm.  Cole,  Pastor 

Cerro  Gordo,  Illinois 

Revival  Services 

March  17  -  27,  1969 

Rev.  W.  E.  Thomas,  Evangelist 

Rev.  Elmer  M.  Keck,  Pastor 

Jlulvane,  Kansas 

Revival  Services 

April  9  -  20,  1969 

Rev.  Gene  HoUinger,  Evangelist 

Rev.  Carl  Barber,  Pastor 


The  Trinity  Brethren  Church  of 
Canton,  Ohio,  will  be  in  need  of  a 
pastor  as  of  July  1,  1969. 

Anyone  interested,  please  contact: 

Mr.  Thomas  Stoffer 
332  47th  N.W. 
Canton,  Ohio     44709 


Houston,  Texas  (EP)  —  The  wo- 
man who  was  instrumental  in  getting 
prayer  removed  from  public  schools 
waiits  it  banned  also  in  outer  space. 

Mrs.  Madalyn  Mui-ray  O'Hair,  after 
heai-ing  words  of  prayer  radioed  by 
the  three  astronauts  as  they  circled 
the  moon,  said:  "I  think  that  they 
were  not  only  ill-advised  but  that  it 
was  a  tragic  situation  .  .  ." 

The  noted  atheist  said  she  would 
register  a  protest  with  the  National 
Ah'  and  Space  Administration  which, 
she  declared,  had  prompted  the  three 
test  pilots  hi  scheduling  the  prayer. 


Havana  (EP)  -—  The  view  of  the 
church  by  officials  in  Commiuiistic 
Cuba  is  that  it  will  die  by  itself  and 
little  effort  wUl  be  needed  to  banish 
it  from  the  island. 

This  opinion  was  given  reporters 
Ijy  the  Rev.  Carlos  Manuel  de  Cesped- 
es,  great-grandson  of  a  Cuban  war 
hero  and  a  member  of  the  Roman 
Catholic  church. 

On  any  given  Sunday,  the  pastor 
oibs6r\'ed,  the  people  going  to  church 
can  hardly  be  noted  among  the  hun- 
dreds riding  out  on  trucks  to  agricul- 
tural work. 

"The  majority  of  people  going  to 
church  are  old  people,"  he  said. 
"Very  few  children  and  youngsters 
go  to  church." 

He  doesn't  beheve  young  people 
have  lost  the  faith,  however.  "If  you 
scratch  a  little,  you  find  the  ideoJogi- 
cal  penetration  for  atheism  is  not 

Considered  a  Roman  Catholic  coon- 
ti-y,  Cuba  actually  saw  only  abouit 
two  per  cent  of  its  population  attend- 
ing mass  immediately  before  Fidel 
Castro  came  to  power. 


Gorki,  So\'iet  Union  (EP)  —  A  poll 
by  the  Young  Communist  League 
Magazine  here  revealed  that  60  per 
cent  of  the  babies  bom  in  this  lax-ge 
industrial  city  were  I>aptized,  despite 
a  helf-centui-y  of  official  atheism  in 
the  Soviet  Union. 

Molcdoi  Koniniiinist,  the  periodical, 
stated  tliat  most  of  the  parents  had 
listed  themselves  as  atheists,  but  61 
per  cent  had  said  their  families  had 
urged  baptism.  Another  23  per  cent 
said  they  regarded  baptism  as  an  old 
Russian  oustxwn. 

Page  Twenty-two 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 



April   22  -  24,    1969 

Ashland  Theological  Seminary,  Ashland,  Ohio 

Registration   Fee  -   $5.00 

■"pWE  THEME  for  the  conference  will  be  centered  on 
1  "Church  Renewal."  Our  speakers  for  the  confer- 
ence are  Dr.  J.  C.  Wenger,  Professor  of  Historical 
Theology,  Goshen  College  Mennonite  Bibhcal  Seminary, 
Goshen,  Indiana;  Professor  J.  Ray  Klingensmith,  Head 
of  the  Department  of  Bible,  Ashland  College;  and  Dr. 
Raymond  Swartzback  of  the  College  of  Wooster,  Woo- 
ster,  Ohio,  who  has  had  a  wide  experience  and  tangible 
success  in  inner-city  churches. 

The  committee  suggests  that  the  following  books  be 
read  before  the  conference:  God's  Word  Written,  bj' 
J.  C.  Wenger;  Nine  Roads  to  Renewal,  by  W.  Howard; 
and  Hellbent  for  Election,  by  P.  Speshock.  These  books 
are  available  at  the  Bretliren  Publishing  Company,  524 
College  Avenue,  Ashland,  Ohio.  Please  send  your  monej- 
order  in  early. 

Pastors  will  be  receiving  very  shortly  by  means  of 
a  mailing  from  Central  Council  a  little  booklet  entitled: 
Tomorrow's  Church  Today  by  Lawrence  Richards  which 
should  be  read  by  every  pastor. 


6:00  p.m. 

1:00  p.m. 

2:00  p.m. 
2:45  p.m. 
3:15  p.m. 
4:00  p.m. 

Tuesday,  April  'i'2 

Praise    and    Devotions 

Speaker Dr.  J.  C.  Wenger 

"Renewal    Through    God's    Word" 
Fellowship   and   "Talk-It-Over-Groups" 

Speaker    Dr.  Wenger 


9:00  a.m. 

10:00  a.m. 
10:15  a.m. 
11:00  a.m. 
12:00  noon 
1:30  p.m. 

2:30  p.m. 
3:30  p.m. 
4:30  p.m. 
6:00  p.m. 

9:00  a.m. 

10:30  a.m. 

11:00  a.m. 

11:30  a.m. 

12:15  p.m. 

Seminary  Friends  and  Alumni  Banquet 

Speaker Prof.  J.  Ray  Klingensmith 

"The  Church  as  a  Redemptive  Center 
For  Renewal" 

Place  United  Methodist  Church 

Claremont  Avenue 
Wednesday,  April  33 
Praise  and  Devotions 

Speaker  . .  .  Dr.  Raymond  H.  Swartzback 
"The  Experience  of  Renewal  in  the 
Traditional   Church" 
Coffee  Break 

Speaker   Dr.  Swartzback 

Panel  ....  Dr.  Wenger  and  Dr.  Swartzback 


Praise  and  Devotions 

Speaker   Dr.  Wenger 

Panel  and  Dr.  Wenger 

Fellowship  Supper  .  .  Park  Street  Brethren 

(a  simple  meal  will  be  served  as  we  meet 
together  in  small  groups  and  continue 
our  discussion) 

Thursday,  April  24 
Praise  and  Devotions 

Coffee   Break   and   Fellowship   Time 
Evaluation  and  Committee  Reports 
Inspirational  Message  .  .  Prof.  Klingensmith 

Sarasota,  Florida 

1  reached  an  all-time  high  this  month  of  514  for 
its  Morning  Worship  Service  with  the  pastor  setting 
a  new  goal  of  600.  The  Sunday  School  set  a  new  attend- 
ance record  of  371.  Prayer  meeting  attendance  is  aver- 
aging over  100.  This  year  we  also  had  a  Sunday  evening 
attendance  record  of  248.  At  a  special  called  congrega- 
tional meeting  this  year,  a  building  committee  was 
organized  to  present  plans  to  the  congregation  for  a 
new  church  sanctuary  seating  600  with  additional  space 
to   be   provided  by   a   balcony  with   the  possibility   of 

incorporating  further  room  for  expansion.  The  present 
church  building  will  be  converted  into  thirteen  Sunday 
School  Classrooms  which  are  desperately  needed. 

The  Sarasota  Board  of  Christian  Education  invited 
Mr.  Fred  Burkey  to  First  Brethren  where  we  had  the 
rare  privilege  of  hearing  and  sitting  under  his  leader- 
ship. Mr.  Burkey  is  one  of  the  outstanding  Christian 
leaders  in  the  field  of  Sunday  School  in  the  Brethren 

During  this  month  the  congregation  purchased  a 
new    four-bedroom    parsonage    in    Carolina   Estates,    a 

March  1,  1969 

Page  Twenty-three 

thriving  building  development.  The  new  address  is: 
605  Caruso  Place,  Sarasota,  Florida  335S0.  The  cliurch 
also  voted  to  hire  Mr.  Steve  Swihart  during  the  summer 
months  as  an  assistant  to  the  pastor.  Mr.  Swihart  is 
a  graduate  of  Manatee  College  and  a  student  at  the 
University  of  South  Florida  where  he  is  participating 
in  the  "Cooperative  Education"  program.  Mr.  Swihart 
received  a  call  to  the  ministry  from  the  First  Brethren 
Church  in  Sarasota  and  will  be  attending  Ashland 
Theological  Seminary  in  the  near  future. 

—Rev.  J.  D.  Hamel 


for  the 
1967  -  68  CONFERENCE  YEAR 

Linwood,  Md. 

Alt.  Olive,  McGaheysville,  Va. 
Pennsylvania  District 

Calvary,  Pittstown,  N.  Jer. 

Cameron,  W.  Va. 

Johnstown  II 

Johnstown  III 

Quiet  DeU,  Pa. 
Indiana  District 

College  Corner 



Matteson,  Bronson,  Mich. 



Ohio  District 





Pleasant  Hill 

Walcreit,  Mansfield,  O. 
3Iid  West  District 

Falls  City,  Nebr. 

Morrill,  Kans. 
C';Jiicrnia   District 

Manteca,  CaJif. 

(Report  compiled  by  the  Central  Coun- 
cil Office  foa-  the  Goals  Committee.)  Com- 
mittee: Samuel  Stinson,  Gene  Hollinger, 
Robert  Hoffman,  Cecil  Bolton,  Jr.,  Mrs. 
Eton  Swihart,  Mrs.  Robert  Kroft. 

(No  changes  were  presented  in  the  19(>8 
conference,  so  the  reports  for  1968-69 
conference  year  will  be  on  the  same  basis 
as  this  report.) 

QIXTY-FOUR  congregations  had  filed  reports  vvlien  tliis  tabulation  was 
"^  made.  Others  may  have  filed  later  and  are  not  included.  These  goals 
included  changes  made  in  the  1967  General  Conference.  In  the  following 
report  many  churches  showed  marked  pi'ogress  goalwise  over  the  prev- 
ious  year : 


Vinco,  Pa. 


Pleasant  View,  Vandergrift.  Pa.. 


Goshen,  Ind. 

New  Paris,  Ind. 


Park  Street,  Ashland,  O 

60  % 

St.  James,  Md. 



Roann,  Ind. 


Tempo,  Ariz. 


Smithville,  O. 


Dayton,  O. 



Ardmore,   Ind. 

55  V2 

Ft.  Scott,  Kans. 



Sarasota,  Fla. 


Garber,  Ashland,  O.;   St.  Petei-s- 



Mulvane,   Kans. 

burg,  Fla. 


Lanark,  111. 

54   1.. 

Muncie,  Ind. 


Nappanee,  Indiana 


Teegarden,  Ind. 



Fairless  Hills-Levittown, 



Pittsburgh,  Pa. 


Loree,  Ind.;  Maurertown, 



Chandon,     Hemdon,     Va.;     Fire- 



Bryan,  O.;  Elkhart,  Ind.; 
McissUlon,  O. 

stone    Pai-k,    Akron,    O.;    North 
Liberty,  Ind. 



North  Manchester,  Ind. 

50  14 

Milford,  Ind. 



South  Bend,  Ind. 

Congregations     filing     a     report     with 


Wabash,    Ind. ;    Winding 
Elkhart,  Ind. 


scores  less  than  50  points: 
Southeastern  District 



Meyersdale,  Pa. 

Bethlehem,  Harrisonburg,  Va. 


Washington,  D.C. 

Hagerstown,  Md. 

Page  Twenty-four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

at  the 
Brethren's  Home 


CHRISTMAS  IS  PAST,  and  we  are  well  started  into 
the  new  year.  We  are  writing  this  late,  but  feel 
it  is  never  too  late  to  say  "thanl<  you"  to  all  the  good 
folk  who  made  our  nice  Christmas  possible.  Even 
tliough  it  is  late,  I  want  to  tell  you  about  our  first 
Christmas  in  our  new  Home.  It  was  shortly  after 
Thanksgiving  that  we  began  having  guests:  choirs, 
Sunday  school  classes,  W.M.S.  and  S.M.M.  groups, 
County  Chorus  and  other  singing  groups.  Nearer 
Christmas,  carolers  came.  We  were  sometimes  asked 
to   sing   with   them — we   all   love   to   sing.   Then   came 

Christmas,  Mr.  Livingston  set  up  the  tree  in  tlie  north- 
west corner  of  the  dining  roona.  The  tree  is  a  shiny 
six-foot  aluminum  with  revolving  light  and  had  gifts 
piled  under  it.  It  was  a  pretty  sight  for  us  to  see  when 
we  went  out  for  our  meals,  and  for  some  it  brought 
to  mind  tlie  birth  of  the  Savior  whose  birtliday  we 
were   celebrating. 

Many  changes  Itave  been  made  these  last  few 
months.  Our  living  room  has  new  furniture — chairs, 
lamps,  tables  and  all  tltat  makes  life  comfortable.  We 
liave  a  new  piano,  given  by  the  Lo-Bre-Lea  Class  of 
the  Hillcrest  Dayton   Church. 

Our  Christmas  party  was  held  in  the  dining  room 
on  Christmas  Eve.  There  were  many  pleased  faces 
when  the  gifts  were  given  out,  especially  by  new 
residents  who  did  not  know  of  our  custom.  If  you 
could  have  been  there,  I  am  sure  you  would  have  felt 
it  was  worth  all  the  trouble  of  wrapping  and  sending 
the  gifts  along.  Some  of  the  gifts  had  names  and 
addresses,  others  did  not.  I  heard  folks  wondering  who 
had  sent  tliem,  so  they  could  write  a  "thank  you"  note. 
Maybe  that  is  a  suggestion  for  another  year.  You 
might  not  all  get  a  note — we  have  folks  here  who  are 
not  physically  able  to  write,  but  we  have  others  who  do 
a  lot  of  writing  and  can  help  out  where  it  is  needed. 

At  tliis  writing,  we  have  thirty -seven  residents: 
thirty-two  women  and  five  men.  It  wasn't  planned 
that  way,  just  a  "liappenstance."  We  have  a  wonderful 
group  of  dedicated  workers:  nurses,  cooks  and  others 
wlio   make   our  lives  pleasant  and  secure. 

Rev.  and  Mrs.  Livingstone,  our  superintendent  and 
matron,  have  been  carrying  a  terrific  load  these  last 
months.  I  wonder  how  many  of  you  liave  been  praying 
for  them. 

We  feel  it  would  make  our  writings  just  a  little 
more  interesting  if  you  were  to  get  acquainted  with 
some  of  our  residents,  so  we  are  presenting  our  Mrs. 
Myrtle  Rainey.  Some  of  you  know  her  I  am  sure,  for 
she  is  one  of  our  prize  writers,  has  many  friends  and 
is  a  lovely  Christian  woman.  She  was  eighty-three  on 
her  last  birthday;  she  was  very  ill  last  spring,  but  the 
good  Lord  raised  her  up  so  she  could  serve  him  longer. 
She  is  a  member  of  the  Huntington  Brethren  Church. 

If  you  have  never  been  to  our  Home,  plan  to  do  so; 
this    vacation.    We   would   love   to    show   you    around. 
Brethren,  pray  for  us,  even  as  we  wiU  pray  for  you. 

Hiirch  1,  1969 

Page  Twenty-five 



"his  report  was  made  at  the  Winter  meeting 
>f  the  Missionary  Board  and  we  are  pleased 
o  share  this  with  The  Brethren  Church. 

AFTER  having  served  in  Argentina 
for  four  jears,  we  returned  to  the 
U.  S.  on  December  8,  1968,  where  we  be- 
gan our  visitation  and  fellowship  among 
The  Brethren  Churches.  Fran,  Deborah 
and  I  wish  to  thank  The  Brethren  Church 
and  its  Missionary  Board  for  supporting 
us  financially  and  prayerfully  during 
these  past  years.  We  have  been  conscious 
of  your  personal  concern  and  your  pray- 
ers have  been  felt  in  many  a  trying  time. 
Because  I  have  been  engaged  in  various 
activities  during  our  first  term  in  Argen- 
tina, I  shall  try  to  report  in  the  order  of 
my  involvement  in  them. 

Radio  and  Evangelistic  Campaign  Worii 

During  the  first  two  years  of  our  term, 
we  lived  at  the  headquarters  building  at 
Nunez  in  Buenos  Aires.  Almost  immed- 
iately upon  arrival  there  was  work  to 
do.  With  technician,  John  Rowsey,  we 
began  remodeling  the  upper  and  lower 
control  rooms  and  installing  the  newly 
purchased  recording  equipment.  This  in- 
volved the  building  of  cabinets,  brackets, 
shelves,  etc.  Along  with  this  there  was 
recording  of  programs;  singing  in  the 
studio  choir,  trio  and  quartet;  showing 
films  in  various  meetings;  operation  of 
campaign  sound  systems;   etc. 

Summary  of   CAVEA   Radio   Ministry 

I  would  say  that  although  there  have 
been  some  discouragements  such  as  in- 
creased costs  of  air  time,  restrictions  on 

time  slots  forcing  our  program  to  late 
evening  hours,  and  loss  of  key  personnel, 
nevertheless  we  rejoice  over  the  many 
blessings  which  the  Lord  has  provided. 
"Platicas  Christianas"  (Christian  Talks) 
is  now  aired  13  times  each  week  in  Argen- 
tina in  programs  of  12,  15  and  24  minutes 
long.  Tape  recordings  are  also  sent  to 
Bolivia;  Chili;  Columbia;  Equador;  El 
Salvador;  Haiti;  Mexico;  Netherlands,  An- 
tilles; Peru;  and  U.  S.  A.  Over  the  past 
year,  a  new  program,  "Reflections"  (For 
the  Man  Who  Thinks)  is  broadcast  26 
times  each  week  in  Argentina.  It  is  also 
sent  to  Paraguay  and  Costa  Rica  where 
it  is  duplicated  and  distributed  to  many 
more  countries.  Of  the  53  weekly  releases, 
CAVEA  receives  mail  from  42.  The  latest 
statistics  give  an  average  of  560  letters 
per  month  in  response.  Special  attention 
is   given   to   each   one  writing   in   and   a 

Page  Twenty-six 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

New  Testament  is  sent  to  tliose  request- 
ing it. 

Prayer  Bequest: 
The  talented  musician,  Bill  Fasig,  re- 
turned to  the  U.  S.  in  early  1968  and 
so  far  there  has  been  no  replacement 
for  him.  We  pray  that  the  Lord  will 
touch  the  heart  of  some  exceptionally 
talented  organist  and  musician  to  fill 
an  urgent  need  in  the  recording  studio. 

Church  Work 
The  church  work  also  occupied  my  time 
on  many  weekends.  Taking  part  in  the 
Nunez  Sunday  school,  filling  the  pulpit 
fromi  time  to  time,  and  visiting  and  speak- 
ing in  all  but  one  of  our  Argentine  church- 
es kept  life  busy  but  enjoyable.  From 
December  of  1965  to  June  of  1966,  I  served 
as  pastor  of  the  Gerli  Church.  When  Rob 
Byler  returned  to  the  States  in  Jul>'  of 
1966,  I  pastored  the  Nunez  Church  until 
January  of  1967  at  which  time  we  moved 
to  Cordoba  where  I  served  as  pastor  for 
two  years,  during  the  time  of  their  build- 
ing program. 

Council  of  Elders 
Serving  on  the  "Consejo  de  Ancianos" 
was  a  real  blessing.  The  Brethren  Church 
in  Argentina  boasts  of  a  working,  frater- 
nal relationship  between  national  and  mis- 
sionary which  is  unparalled  in  other  de- 
nominations. The  Brethren  missionary  is 
no  longer  a  pioneer  guide,  or  the  sole  di- 
rector of  the  work  but  rather  a  fraternal 
worker  who  labors  beside  his  national  bro- 
ther. To  me,  this  is  an  indication  of  pro- 
gress. This  year,  for  the  first  time  in  the 
history  of  the  Argentine  Church,  the  exec- 
utive commission  of  the  church  was  made 
up  entirely  of  Argentines.  There  is  a  deep 
satisfaction  of  accomplishment  in  church 
government   on  the  part   of  the  national 

Executive  Commission  left  to  right: 

-Juan  Arregin,  Secretary  (Colon-Maria  Teresa  Church- 
es) ;  Abel  Herrera,  Assistant  Treasurer  (Villa  Con- 
stltucion  Church);  Thomas  Blulder,  President  (Direct- 
or of  Eden  Bible  Institute) ;  Guido  Blolino,  Assistant 
Secretary  (Cordoba  Church);  Oscar  Vena,  Treasurer 
(Villa  Constitucion) ;  Hector  Labanca,  Vice-President 
(Rosario  Church). 

and  missionary  alike.  The  Lord's  hand  is 
seen  in  a  progressing  church.  Our  Argen- 
tine Brethren  are  capable  of  the  respon- 
sibility entrusted  to  them. 
Bible  Institute 

Tlie  Eden  Bible  Institute  rejoiced  in 
tlieir  first  graduation  exercises  which  took 
place  the  second  week  of  December,  1968. 
Four  students  received  their  diplomas. 
We  praise  the  Lord  for  the  first  fruits 
of  our  new  institute.  Pastor  Thomas  Mul- 
der is  serving  well  as  director  of  the 
institute  and  it  is  hoped  that  he  will  re- 
main in  this  position  because  of  his  capa- 
bilities. Missionaries  Solomon  and  Aspinall 
are  to  be  commended  for  their  vision 
and  dedication  to  the  training  of  young 
lives.  I  know  from  personal  conversation 
with  nationals  that  both  are  greatly  loved 
and  appreciated  by  the  Argentine  with 
whom  they  labor.  I  include  these  remarks 
because  these  brethren  would  not  mention 
this  in  their  own  reports.  I  am  thankful 
that  I  have  been  privileged  to  serve  with 
fellow-workers  like  these  in  South 

Audio-Visual  Trailer  Equipment 

The  new  sound  trailer  has  been  in  use 
since  September  of  1968  and  has  proven  of 
great  use  in  evangelistic  work.  Testimony 
by  one  of  our  pastors  mentions  that  the 
appearance  of  the  sound  trailer  alone 
attracts  attention  and  is  an  effective 
medium  of  presenting  the  Gospel. 
Church  Camp 

Our  Church  Camp  Diquecito  has  been 
improved  to  some  extent  each  year.  Camp- 
ing program  for  the  children  up  to 
thirteen  years  of  age  is  held  in  December 
at  the  Eden  Institute  grounds  utilizing 
personnel  from  Child  Evangelism.  A 
young  people's  camp  of  about  12  days 
is  held  at  Diquecito  with  average  attend- 
ance of  45.  Family  camp,  which  follows, 
had  an  attendance  of  45  last  year.  My 
personal  relation  to  the  program  included 
serving  on  the  commission  and  helping 
to  plan  the  camp  program. 

Ministry  in  the  Cordoba  Church 

My  ministry  in  the  Cordoba  Church 
occupied  the  last  two  years  of  our  term 
During  1967-68  I  was  engaged  in  the  regu-, 
lar  duties  of  a  pastor:  preaching,  teaching 
Bible  Classes,  conducting  baptisms,  wedl 
dings,  funerals,  and  active  in  visitation; 
It  was  an  encouragement  for  me  to  wit 
ness  (1)  an  increase  of  attendance  in  th< 
meetings,  (2)  seeing  young  people  leavf 
Cordoba  to  enroll  at  the  Eden  Institute 
and  ( 3 )  overall  enthusiasm  in  their  hearts 
Construction  at  Cordoba 

The  construction  of  a  new  "Templo' 
(sanctuary)  was  begun  in  late  1967.  Needi 
less  to  say,  this  necessitated  a  renovatioi' 
of  the  local  stewardship  program.  Givinji 
over  this  two-year  period  increased  abou 

Page  Twenty-seven 

300%.  Contributing  factors  to  this  re- 
sponse were:  (1)  the  vision  of  a  new  build- 
ing, (2)  the  new  financial  plan,  adopted 
by  the  Argentine  church,  which  gave 
new  incentive,  and  (3)  intensive  Bible 
study   of   stewardship   as   a   way   of  life. 

Since  the  Cordoba  property  was  re-titled 
under  the  name  of  the  national  church, 
a  new  pride  entered  the  hearts  of  the 
people  of  Cordoba  as  they  began  a  build- 
ing program  on  their  own  property  and 
in  their  own  name. 

The  turning  over  of  tliis  property  was 
one  of  the  many  acts  accomplished  by  the 
Powers  of  Attorney  Council  upon  which 
I  also  served. 

The  building  program  involved  the 
buying  of  materials,  getting  bids  and 
estimates,  working  with  the  committee, 
making  decisions,  actual  physical  work, 
and  many  hours  of  prayer  and  trust  to 
the  Lord  in  times  of  problem.  The  build- 
ing is  still  not  complete  because  of  lack 
of  funds.  However,  even  in  its  present 
state,  it  can  be  used  for  special  meetings 
where  more  seating  capacity  is  needed. 
The  work  continues  as  funds  are  raised 

I  know  the  Cordoba  people  would  want 
me  to  thank  the  Brethren  people  in  the 
States  and  especially  the  Women's  Mis- 
sionary Society  for  providing  the  Revolv- 
ing or  Building  Loan  Fund  which  made 
possible  the  initiating  of  a  seemingly 
impossible  building  program  for  a  small 


Prospects  for  the  future  are  bright 
in  Argentina.  They  are  "as  bright  as  the 
promises  of  God."  It  was  William  Carey 
who  said,  "Attempt  great  things  for  God, 
expect  great  things  froin  God."  I  person- 
ally believe  that  our  missionaries  and 
their  national  co-workers  are  doing  just 
that.  There  is  more  religious  freedom 
now  than  ever  before  in  Argentina.  The 
reputation  and  respect  for  the  Roman 
Catholic  Church  is  at  an  all-time  low. 
Doors  that  heretofore  had  been  closed 
are  now  open  to  us.  But  we  must  work 
fast.  Other  groups,  cults,  such  as  the 
Jehovah's   Witnesses,    Mormonism    and 

Spiritism  are  hard  at  work  and  winning 
many  to  Satan's  already  strong  force. 
If  we  as  Brethren  are  to  gain  the  time, 
we  must  pray  for  personnel  in  the  form 
of  teachers  and  workers  for  the  institute, 
technicians  for  radio  and  evangelism,  and 
church  men  skilled  in  administration 
techniques.  These  may  be  laymen  or 
elders.  Both  are  needed. 

Our  Return  to  the  Field 

Upon  our  return  to  Argentina  we  hope 
to  live  once  more  in  the  Buenos  Aires 
headquarters  building.  We  have  felt  God's 
leading  to  assist  again  in  the  radio  and 
evangelistic  ministrj'  of  CAVEA.  I  also 
plan  to  serve  the  national  church  in  a 
limited  capacity.  Being  that  missionary 
John  Rowsey  will  be  leaving  Argentina 
for  furlough  shortly  after  our  return, 
personnel  will  be  needed  to  help  take 
over  some  of  his  responsibilities.  Brother 
Rowsey  has  been  well  loved  by  the 
national  church  and  the  personnel  of 
CAVEA  and  has  been  most  efficient  in 
all   his   responsibilities. 

Our  Furlough 

Our  furlough  will  probably  extend  for 
the  full  year.  We  would  ask  to  return 
to  our  Argentine  home  just  after  Christ- 
mas of  1969.  During  this  tim.e  of  furlough 
I  hope  to  visit  some  of  the  District  Con- 
ferences. General  Conference,  attend  sev- 
eral mission  conferences  or  workshops, 
and  visit  as  many  of  our  churches  in  all 
districts  as  time  permits. 

As  I  close  this  report,  I  wish  again  to 
thank  each  member  of  The  Bretliren 
Church  and  its  Missionary  Board  for  their 
faith  in  Fran  and  myself  and  for  allowing 
us  to  serve  in  Argentina,  Your  prayers  on 
our  behalf  while  on  the  field  have  upheld 

We  are  thankful  for  the  adequate  and 
comfortable  home  provided  for  us  while 
on  furlough. 

We  praise  the  Lord  for  His  many  bles- 
sings to  us  and  are  thankful  for  the 
cordial  relationship  we  have  had  with 
those  of  the  board  office  over  these  years. 
We  covet  your  continued  prayers  during 
this  year  of  deputation  work.  Ma\'  God 
bless  you  in  your  labor  for  Him. 

Argentine  Church  Progress 

rE  Council  of  Elders,  the  executive  commission  of 
the  Argentine  Church,  is  made  up  entirely  of 
Argentines  this  year.  The  Missionary  Board  and  Argen- 
;ine  missionaries  have  confidence  in  their  fine  leader 
ship  and  are  pleased  with  developments.  This  was  not 
i  deliberate  maneuvering  of  mission  personnel  out  of 
Dffice  but  perfectly  natural  effects  due  to  circumstances. 

We  praise  the  Lord  for  raising  up  such  a  wonderful 
leadership  in  the  Argentine  Church. 

The  last  statistical  report  from  the  field  indicated 
there  are  309  church  members  as  compared  with  the 
previous  year's  figure  of  274  members. 

Juan  Arregin,  Secretary  of  the  Council  of  Elders,  in 
an  Editorial  in  Testia'o  Fiel,  official  organ  of  the  Argen- 

Page  Twenty-eigfht 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

tine  Church,  announced  the  Spn-itual  Conference  to  be 
held  February  15-18  at  the  Bible  Institute  at  Soldini 
and  recalled  tlie  fact  that  the  previous  year  there  were 
200  in  attendance  out  of  their  total  membership.  Sup- 
pose we  Brethren  in  the  United  States  had  73' c  of 
membership  as  delegates  to  General  Conference?  Last 
year  we  didn't  have  quite  S'r. 

There  is  a  great  sacrifice  on  the  part  of  the  Argentine 
to  take  time  and  money  and  travel  to  a  national  gather- 
ing. It  thriUed  us  to  know  some  even  attended  and  slept 
in  their  cars  or  had  tent  accomodations  at  the  Institute. 
Also,   just    four   members  of  the  church  prepared  the 

meals  for  the  entire  assembly. 

Mr.  Arregin  writes,  "We  are  looking  forward  to  the 
conference  with  joy  and  the  fact  that  we  will  meet  i 
once  again  with  friends.  Great  spiritual  food  is  received 
from  the  Word  of  God  and  messages  each  year  that 
the  Lord  enables  us  to  participate  in  this  conference. 
We  realize  the  national  church  in  Argentina  is  growing 
and  we're  arriving  at  the  time  when  we  must  think 
about  the  small  towns  and  countries  around  that  do 
not  know  the  message  of  God.  It  is  our  responsibility 
to  carry  them  the  message  of  Christ,  the  Savior.  Our 
theme  this  year  at  the  conference  will  be  Mission  Work." 


by   Rev.    Bradley  Weidenhamer 



TiE  SERIES  OF  PROGRAMS  for  Brotherhoods  to 
use  this  year  of  1968-69  is  entitled  "Brotherhood 
Bible  Survey."  These  lessons  are  presented  in  the  hope 
that  each  Brotherhood  member  might  gain  an  overall 
view  of  Scripture  and  what  the  major  divisions  of 
Scripture  contain.  This  month  we  wish  to  discuss  the 
topic  of  the  Gospels  of  the  New  Testament.  I  would 
recommend  that  the  leader  make  copies  of  this  program 
for  each  member  and  distribute  them  to  the  members 
so  that  they  can  fill  in  the  answers  to  the  questions  for 
themselves  and  keep  a  record  of  their  work. 


The  Gospels  include  the  books  of 



Gospel  means 



Good  News  or  Glad  Tidings. 


The  Gospel  writers  recorded  the 


of  Jesus. 


Birth,  Ministry,  Death  and  Resurrection. 


The  first  writer  was 

,  who  was  a 

also  called 

or                      .  from  the  citv  of 

A:     Matthew,  Levi,  tax  collector,  publican, 

5.  Q:     Find  material  about  the  life  of  Matthew  in  a 

Bible  Dictionary  and  have  one  of  the  members 
present  a  sketch  of  his  life. 

6.  Q:     Outline  the  Book  of  Matthew  and  present  it 

to    the    members    with    discussion    about    the 
various  parts  of  the  outline. 

7.  Q:     What  is  the  "Great  Commission"  in  the  Book 

of   Matthew    and   what    does    it    mean   to    us 
A;     Matthew  28:19,  20. 

8.  Q:     Find  material  about  Mark  in  a  Bible  Dictionary 

and  have  one  of  the  members  present  a  sketch 
of  his  life. 

9.  Q:     Present  an  outline  of  the  Gospel  of  Mark  to 



the  members  for  discussion. 
10.     Q:     What   are  the   si.x   major  events  of  the  first 
chapter  of  Mark? 

A:  Preaching  of  John  the  Baptist,  baptism  of 
Jesus,  temptations  of  Jesus,  choosing  of  dis- 
ciples, healing  of  demoniac  man. 

Q:     Find  the  key  verse  of  Mark  and  discuss  it. 

A:     Mark   10:45. 

Q:  Find  material  about  Luke  in  a  Bible  Dictionary 
and  have  one  of  the  members  present  it. 

13.  Q:     Present  an  outline  of  the  Gospel  of  Luke  to 

the  members  for  discussion. 

14.  Q:     Make  a  list  of  the  historical  characters  and 

literary  characters  who  appear  in  the  Gospel 
of  Luke  in  contact  with  Jesus. 

15.  Q:     Luke's  description  of  the  baby  that  was  born 

in  Bethlehem  is  in  2:11.  Discuss  its  meaning 
and  point  out  that  Luke's  material  is  organ- 
ized around  the  concept  of  Jesus  as  a  human 
being  who  lived  the  perfect  and  represent- 
ative life  of  the  Son  of  Man  through  the  power 
of  the  Holy  Spirit. 

16.  Q:     Find   material   about   the   life   of   the  disciple 

John  and  have  one  of  the  members  present  it. 

17.  Q:     Present  an  outhne  of  the  Gospel  of  John  to 

the  group  for  study. 
A:     Point  out  in  the  outline  that  the  first  twelve 
chapters  deal  with  Jesus'  public  ministry  while 
the  rest  deals  with  the  last  week  of  his  life. 

18.  Q:     In  what  ways  is  the  Gospel  of  John  different 

from  the  other  Gospels? 
A:  There  are  no  parables,  only  seven  miracles 
five  of  which  are  not  recorded  in  the  other 
Gospels,  the  discourses  deal  with  His  Person 
rather  than  ethical  teachings,  personal  inter- 
views are  multiplied,  His  relationship  with 
individuals    is    emphasized. 

19.  Q:     Discuss  the  key  verses  of  the  Gospel  of  John. 
A:     John  20:30,  31. 

March  1,  1969 

Page  Twenty-nine 






Arizona  cowpokes,  Gerald  Dickson  of  Tempe 
and  Jill  Carson  of  Tucson  are  caught  in 
the  act  of  "holding  up"  Rev.  Fred  Burkey 
for  a  donation  to  the  Arizona  Camp  Project. 
The  "bandits"  struck  at  the  1968  Youth 

Dear  Crusaders  eveiywhere, 

Greetings  in  the  name  of  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ.  We  pray  that  Christmas  and  the  New 
Yeai-  brought  each  of  you  your  own  special  blessings  and  challenges! 

As  for  us  here  at  First  Brethren,  Tucson,  Arizona,  we  begin  a  new  year  with  our  thoughts 
focusing  more  and  more  on  our  new  camp  site.  Our  first  thought  is  to  extend  to  each  of  you 

Page  Thirty  The  Brethren  Evangelist 

individually   a  sincere   "thank   you"   for   undertaking  the  Arizona  Brethren  Camp  as  your  national 
project  for  1968-69.  We,  first  of  all,  give  thanks  to  our  God  for  making  this  camp  possible,  for 
even  providing  the  need  for  a  camp.  We  also  thank  Him  for  all  the  dedicated  souls  in  our 
district  who  have  sacrificed  of  their  time,  money,  and  energy  to  locate  and  purchase  our 
25-acre  site  about  75  miles  southwest  of  Tucson,  and  then  to  start  necessary  procedures  such  as 
di'illing  and  obtaining  water.  And  we  thank  God  also  for  providing  our  denomination  with 
strong,  spirit-filled  youth  who  are  willing  to  serve  their  Lord  in  this  way.  By  accepting  A.B.C. 
as  your  national  project  and  by  setting  your  goal  at  $14,000,  you  are  doing  much  more  than 
just  helping  to  build  a  camp.  Before  you  even  realize  your  goal,  you  have  given  spiritual  strength 
and  added  unity  to  the  brand  new  Southwest  District.  As  has  been  said  before,  "The  GREAT 
is  taken  for  granted!"  You  have  encouraged  the  saints  of  Arizona!! 

You  have  also  given  incentive  to  the  youth  and  their  leaders.  We  find  ourselves  asking  the 
question,  "Just  how  can  we  show  the  national  Crusaders  that  we  really  appreciate  their  ambitions 
and  desires?"  And  we  at  Tucson  decided  that  the  best  way  would  be  to  get  busy  and  do  our  pai-t 
toward  reaching  your  goal,  which  is  also  our  goal  since  we  are  part  of  National  B.Y.C.  So,  the  first 
thing  we  did  was  to  set  our  goal  at  $1,000  and  we  have  thus  far  raised  $300  towai'd  that  goal. 
All  three  of  our  youth  groups  ha\'e  been  really  working  hard.   Some  of  our  combined  efforts 
have  been  selling  candy  and  planning  and  serving  a  Thanksgiving  dinner  and  program.  The 
Junior  and  Junior  High  groups  have  been  doing  quite  well  at  serving  coffee  and  donuts 
after  Sunday  morning  worship  hour.  The  freewill  offering  not  only  builds  our  "Cash  for  Camp" 
fund,  but  our  people  seem  to  enjoy  the  chance  to  fellowship  with  one  another  over  a  cup  of 
coffee.  The  Senior  High  group  did  very  well  this  yeai'  when  they  sponsored  a  Halloween  pai'ty  for 
everyone  from  5  to  50.  If  you  were  under  5  or  over  50  you  could  be  admitted  free.  Fifty  cents 
admission  provided  "Witches-Brew"   (punch),  popcorn,  cake  walks,  a  bubble-gum  blowing 
contest,  a  costume  judging  and  a  fun  house.  The  candy  apples  were  loC  because  they  are  rather 
expensive  to  make.  Fun  was  had  by  all,  especially  those  "kooky"  youth  leaders  who  had 
enough  nei-ve  to  come  in  wierd  costumes.  We  plan  to  make  another  $150  dollars  by  sellmg  candy, 
but  we  ai"e  about  to  run  out  of  ideas  for  money-making  projects.  Perhaps  some  of  you  would 
share  your  ideas  with  us. 

We  have  been  receiving  some  rumors  from  the  east,  one  of  which  is  the  possibility  of  one 
group  raising  enough  money  to  send  a  work  team  to  Arizona  this  summer.  Sounds  great! 

Our  Senior  group  is  looking  forward  to  traveling  down  to  the  camp  site  this  weekend  to 
write,  produce  and  film  our  very  own  "flick."  Laugh-in  style.  This  won't  raise  money,  but  since  we 
are  too  far  av/ay  for  all  of  us  to  go  to  conference,  we  thought  we  would  send  ourselves  on  film 
for  caimp  night.  Sure  hope  it  turns  out  well? 

Well,  so  long  for  now,  and  you  will  be  healing  more,  either  from  us  or  about  us,  soon.  May 
God  bless  you  in  all  of  your  endeavors  and  may  God's  peace  rest  upon  you  as  you  enter  into  the 
New  Year.  Please  remember  us  in  your  prayers  and  rest  assured  that  we  are  praying  for  you. 

In  the  service  of  Christ  our  Lord, 
The  Youth  and  their  Leaders 
First  Brethren  Church 
201  N.  Columbus  Blvd. 
Tucson,  Arizona     85711 

P.S.     Remember,  please  let  us  hear  from  you  if  you  have  anything  of  interest  to  shai'e  with  us! 



Ephesians  3:18 

March  1,  1969 

Page  Thirty-one 

The  Arizona  Camp  Is  Taking  Shape 

DID  YOU  KNOW  that  beween  1969  and  1980  the 
population  of  Arizona  will  have  increased  by 
more  than  50%?  Latest  surveys  show  that  Arizona 
is  one  of  the  fastest  growing  states  in  the  union  and 
that  this  trend  will  probably  continue  for  some  time 
to  come. 

Now  our  churches  at  Tucson  and  Tempe  have  under- 
taken the  development  of  their  own  camp  as  a  means 
of  extending  their  growing  ministry  and  influence  in 
the  "Great  Southwest." 

Brethren  Youth,  at  the  last  annual  Conference,  voted 
to  support  the  efforts  of  this  young  district  in  their 
important  project.  The  youth  set  $14,000.00  as  their 
goal.  The  Arizonans  are  working  hard,  as  the  previous 
articles  indicates.  Let's  get  with  it — set  a  high  (but 
reali.stic)  goal  and  work  diligently  to  assist  in  the 
building  of  the  new  ABC  camp! 

Scrub  oak  and  tall  grass  presently  cover  the 
25  acre  site. 

Bob  McKinley  (on  the  ladder)  and  Orville  Dreyer 
(swinging  a  hammer)  both  of  Tucson,  helping- 
erect  the  first  building  on  the  site — a  tool  shed. 

In  July  1968  the  well  was  drilled  on  the 
campsite.  The  open  space  in  the  foreground 
is  a  "natural"  for  a  recreational  area. 

Let's  Get  Busy  and  Lend  a  Hand! 

Page  Thirty-two  The  Brethren  Evangelist '. 

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The  Lord's  Supper 

Vol.  xci 

March  15.  1969 

No.  6 


Editor  of  Publications   Rev.  Spencer  Gentle 

Board  of  Editorial  Consultants 

Woman's  Missionai-y  Society 

Mi-s.  Charlene  Rovvser 
National  Laymen's  Organization 

Mr.  Floyd  Benshoff 

ilissionai-y  Board   Mrs.  Marion  M.  Mellinger 

Sisterhood   Miss  Kathy  Miller 

Board  of  Cliristian  Education: 

Youth  Commission Miss  Beverly  Summy 

Adult  Commission   Rev.  Fred  Burkey 

Published  biweekly    (twenty-six  issues  per  year) 

534  College  Avenue 

Ashland,  Ohio  ■14805 

Phone:  323-7271 

Terms  of  Subscription: 
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Prudential  Conunittee : 

Elton  Whitted,  President;  Richard  Poorbaugh, 
Vice  President;   Rev.  George  W.  Solomon. 

In   This    Issue: 

Notes  and  Comments   2 

Editorial:     "Patriotism"   3 

Sisterhood  Program  Materials  for  April   4 

Signal  Lights  Program  Materials  for  April   ...   8 

The  Missionary  Board    10 

The  Brethren  Layman   13 

Bryan  Sunday  School  Class  Honors  Teacher  ...  15 

"Let  God's  Love  Prevail" 

by  Rev.  Richard  Allison    16 

"The  Climate  of  Contemporary  Thinking 
Conductive  to  Neo-Universalism" 

by  Rev.  George  P.  Kimber   21 

The  Board  of  Christian  Education   25 

World  Religious  News  in  Review   27 

Reports  from  Churches   29 

"Since  You  Asked" 
by   Rev.   Carl   Barber    30 



TE  BRETHREN  CHURCH  has  lost  a  faithful 
worker  in  the  passing  of  Miss  Ruth  Diffen- 
derfer  of  Lanark,  Illinois.  She  passed  away  at  the 
University  Hospital  in  Madison,  Wisconsin,  on 
Monday,  March  3,  1969,  following  an  illness  of 
several  months. 

Ruth  was  a  graduate  of  Ashland  College  with  a 
degree  in  music.  She  also  attended  several  sessions 
of  summer  school  and  was  very  active  in  the  Park 
Street  church  while  in  Ashland.  She  was  always 
active  in  Brethren  Youth  and  later  active  in  Sister- 
hood work  and  W.M.S.  work. 

She  had  taught  public  school  for  a  few  years 
and  was  to  enter  a  university  to  begin  work  on 
her  Masters  Degree  last  f  aU  when  illness  prevented 
her  from  entering  the  school. 

Miss  Diffenderfer  had  been  a  candidate  for  mis- 
sionary work  but  her  health  prevented  her  from 
such  service.  The  Missionary  Board  will  be  pre- 
senting a  memorial  for  her  in  a  future  issue  of 
this  magazine. 

Ruth  was  a  member  of  the  First  Brethren 
Church  in  Lanark,  Illinois,  where  her  funeral  was 
conducted  on  Thursday,  March  6,  1969,  with  her 
pastor.  Rev.  Paul  Steiner,  in  charge. 

Her  parents,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Thomas  Diffenderfer, 
survive  and  live  near  Laneirk.  Remember  them  in 
your  prayers. 


I  have  walked  through  many  pathways 
When  the  way  was  hard  and  rough; 
Thei*e  were  times  I  nearly  stumbled, 
And  my  strength  was  not  enough. 

I  have  foLUid  a  friend  called  Jesus 
And  He  took  the  heavy  load; 
Bore  it  on  His  able  shoulders; 
Now,  much  smoother  is  the  road. 

If  your  path  looks  dark  and  hopeHeiss, 
And  you're  weai'y  of  it  all, 
Cast  your  burdens  on  this  Jesus ; 
He'll  sustain  you,  lest  you  fall. 

He  has  pow'r  to  move  a  mountain, 
Or  command  a  storm  to  cease; 
Pow'r  to  help  a  wayward  sinner 
Find  the  way,  and  give  him  peace. 

Norman  McPherson 

Maicli  15,  1969 

Page  Three 




TT  SEEMS  TO  ME  that  in  this  day  of  our  times  that 
we  have  lost  the  sense  of  patriotism  to  our  country. 
This  is  especially  true  with  the  "new  generation."  Now, 
patriotism  cannot  take  the  place  of  "religion"  or  Chris- 
tianity! Yet,  part  of  our  Christian  faith,  I  believe,  is  to 
be  patriotic  to  the  country  in  which  we  live. 

I  can  still  remember  the  thrill  of  being  a  part  of  a 
Fourth  of  July  celebration,  for  instance,  where  patrio- 
tism ran  higli.  Our  young  people  today  are  missing 
much  by  not  knowing  such  feeling  of  patriotism.  This 
is  especially  true  for  Americans,  I  believe,  because  the 
nation  was  founded  on  the  principles  of  Christianity. 

In  recent  days  as  I  have  read  of  the  lack  of  national 
patriotism  I  have  v/anted  to  express  my  feelings  in  an 
editorial.  Today,  Rev.  Robert  Keplinger  of  Levittown, 
Pennsylvania,  sent  me  the  following  which  was  written 
by  Mr.  Albert  J.  Crispell,  a  member  of  his  church,  who 
is  principal  of  the  Mary  W.  Devine  School  in  Croydon, 
Pennsylvania.  He  .suggested  that  I  use  this  sometime 
near  the  Fourth  of  July.  But  since  my  thoughts  have 
been  directed  to  this  theme  several  times  in  recent 
days,  I  felt  it  would  be  good  to  use  it  now  I  Here  is 
what  Mr.  Crispell  has  written: 

What  Does  America  Mean  to  Me? 

1.  It  is  a  nation  that  permits  me  to  help  choose  the 
people  who  will  govern. 

2.  It  is  a  nation  with  laws  that  limit  the  powers  of 
those  who  govern. 

3.  It  is  a  nation  of  fixed  terms  for  those  who  govern 
and  new  elections  are  set  for  choosing  new  leaders. 

4.  It  is  a  nation  that  permits  me  to  choose  in  secret 
those  of  my  choice. 

5.  It  is  a  nation  with  many  qualified  and  willing  to 
serve  in  positions  of  leadership. 

6.  It  is  a  nation  where  many  who  govern  desire  to 
return  to  private  life  after  a  reasonable  length  of 

7.  It  is  a  nation  where  men  of  good-will  can  unite 
even  though  of  opposing  views. 

8.  It  is  a  nation,  proud  of  its  achievements,  with  a 
sense  of  world  responsibility. 

9.  It  is  a  nation  of  many  natural  resources. 

10.  It  is  a  nation  much  concerned  about  improving  the 
standards  of  life,  liberty,  and  happiness. 

11.  It  is  a  nation  concerned  about  religion  and  man's 
freedom  in  worship. 

12.  It  is  a  nation  interested  in  education  for  all  re- 
gardless of  their  station  in  life. 

13.  It  is  a  nation  that  has  problems  that  its  citizens 
can  seek  to  identify  and  can  openly  seek  ways  of 
solving  in  a  peaceful  manner. 

14.  It  is  a  nation  that  gives  protection  to  its  citizens 
and  their  property. 

15.  It  is  a  nation  where  fear  does  not  rule  the  heart 
of  a  man. 

16.  It  is  a  nation  with  faith  in  its  future  and  the  fu- 
ture of  the  world. 

17.  It  is  a  nation  troubled  by  a  war  of  long  duration 
when  victory  is  not  in  sight. 

18.  It  is  a  nation  concerned  about  its  young  people, 
its  children,  and  its  aged. 

19.  It  is  a  nation  that  can  endure  in  a  world  where 
other  ideologies  exist  and  can  be  tolerant  to  permit 
other  peoples  to  choose  their  own  leaders  and  their 
own  governments. 

20.  It  is  a  nation  that  has  friends  in  the  "World  of 

21.  It  is  a  nation  that  can  stand  alone  or  stand  among 
friendly  nations  for  a  cause  in  which  it  continues 
to  see  as  right,  and  for  as  long  as  it  sees  this  cause 
to  be  right. 

22.  It  is  a  nation  willing  to  seek  peace,  and  willing  to 
seek  friends  among  former  foes. 

23.  It  is  a  nation  which  continues  to  prosper,  and  give 
hope  to  its  own  people  and  be  an  inspiration  to 
peoples  of  other  nations  that  would  seek  a  better 
way  of  life. 

24.  It  is  a  nation  made  up  of  the  union  of  citizens  by 
birth  and  citizens  by  choice  who  find  here  oppor- 
tunities for  service,  sacrifice,  and  success. 

25.  It  is  a  nation  which  finds  power  for  union  where 
powers  are  separated  in  branches  of  government 
and  where  powers  are  divided  between  levels  of 
government  in  which  the  state  is  sovereign,  the 
nation  is  indivisible  and  the  local  government  is 

Page  Four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


Devotional  Program  for  April 

Call  to  Worship: 
Song  Service 
Circle  of  Prayer 

Bible  Studies: 

Senior:     "A  Stranger,  Afraid" 

Junior:     "I  Am  the  Resurrection  and  tlie  Life" 

Discussion  Questions: 

Seniors:     Discussion  over  cliosen  boot;. 

Special  Blusic 


"Spirit  of  Sisterhood" 

S.M.M.  Benediction 



John  11:1 -7;  17-46 


APRIL  IS  THE  MONTH  of  Easter  and  therefore, 
only  appropriate  that  our  Bible  study  should  be 
Jesus'  declaration:  "I  am  the  resurrection  and  tlie 
life."  Many  of  the  Sisterhood  societies  will  not  hold 
their  meeting  until  after  Easter,  but  we  should  still  be 
thinking  about  the  importance  of  these  holy  days  in  our 

Also,  as  Sisterhood  girls  this  account  about  Mary  and 
Martha  will  be  especially  interesting.  We  often  read 
about  Je3us  visiting  in  the  home  of  Mary  and  Martlia 
and  how  Martha  was  so  worried  about  getting  a  meal 
fixed  while  Mary  sat  at  Jesus'  feet.  But  we  don't  often 
hear  about  their  reaction  to  the  raising  of  their  brotlier 
Lazarus  from  the  dead. 

I  hope  you  have  already  read  aloud  the  Scripture 
given  at  the  beginning.  This  was  tlie  last  miracle  Jesus 
performed  in  public  that  is  recorded  in  the  book  of 
John.  It  is  also  the  greatest  of  His  miracles  as  we  shall 
see.  The  event  took  place  in  the  last  winter  of  Jesus' 
life,  just  a  few  months  before  His  crucifixion.  It  was  a 
last  sign  to  show  the  people  who  Jesus  was  and  just 
how  great  His  power  was. 

We  see  John  is  very  careful  to  clearly  identify  the 
dead  man.  He  gives  his  name,  his  place  of  residence 
and  his  connection  with  others  in  the  gospel  story.  It 

appears  that  perliaps  Lazarus  was  not  as  well  known  as 
his  sister  Mary. 

Wlien  Lazarus  became  ill,  the  sisters  naturally 
thought  of  Jesus.  He  was  their  friend,  had  often  been 
in  their  home,  and  they  knew  He  had  the  power  to 
heal.  So  they  send  a  messenger  to  tell  Jesus,  confident 
that  Jesus  would  come  immediately,  but  Jesus'  response 
was  different  than  they  expected.  He  looked  at  the 
whole  thing  differently.  He  knew  what  the  outcome 
would  be  and  that  this  was  just  a  parenthesis  in  the 
life  of  Lazarus.  For  Him  it  was  another  opportunity  to 
show  His  divine  power. 

Verses  5  and  6  seem  to  be  contradictory.  First  they! 
say,  "Jesus  loved  Martha,  and  her  sister,  and  Lazarus," 
and  then  they  say,  "When  he  had  heard  therefore  that 
he  was  sick,  he  abode  two  days  stiU  in  the  same  place 
where  he  was."  If  Jesus  loved  them  so  why  did  He 
delay?  If  he  could  heal  Lazarus,  why  did  He  deliberately 
not  do  so?  (You  could  stop  here  for  discussion.)  Jesus 
was  not  cruel  in  hesitating.  He  knew  He  could  raise  a 
dead  man  as  easily  as  He  could  heal  a  sick  man.  The 
death  of  Lazarus  was  necessary  to  increase  the  faith 
of  the  sisters  and  of  His  own  disciples. 

In  our  reading  we  skipped  a  portion  that  deals  with 
the  dangers   involved  in  Jesus'  going  near  Jerusalerr 

March  15,  1969 

Page  Five 

Eor  Bethany  was  only  a  couple  miles  from  Jerusalem. 
Just  a  short  time  before  the  Jews  in  Jerusalem  Iiad 
:ried  to  stone  Jesus.  The  disciples  felt  that  to  return 
AfQuld  mean  certain  death,  but  Jesus  linew  this  was 
His  Father's  will. 

Jesus  arrived  in  Bethany  and  was  met  by  Martha. 
Dnce  again  we  see  the  differences  in  personalities  in 
:he  two  sisters.  Botli  were  equally  grie\'ed  over  the 
OSS  of  a  beloved  brother  and  both  were  equally  sad 
:hat  Jesus  Iiad  not  come  immediately  to  help,  yet 
Martha  ran  out  to  meet  Jesus  whUe  Mary  stayed  at 
lome  mourning.  Martha  was  active;  always  "on  tlie 
10."  She  liad  to  be  doing  something.  We  all  l^now  people 
vho  react  to  problems  this  way  wliile  others  are  more 
ike  Mary — quiet  and  thoughtful. 

Jesus  said  to  Martha,  "I  am  the  resurrection,  and  the 
ife:  he  that  believeth  in  me,  though  he  were  dead,  yet 
shall  he  live:  And  whosoever  liveth  and  beheveth  in  me 
jhall  never  die."  What  did  Jesus  mean?  We  know  He 
vasn't  talking  about  physical  deatli  because  everyone 
lies  whether  he  believes  in  Jesus  or  not.  Jesus  was 
:hinking  of  the  life  to  come.  He  was  saying  that  phy- 
sical death  is  not  the  end  of  things,  only  the  beginning. 
People  call  death  "the  sunset,"  but  for  Christians  it  is 
•eally  "sunrise." 

It  may  seem  strange  to  you  young  girls  to  talk  about 
leath.  For  most  of  you  death  has  never  been  that  close, 
md  you  certainly  liave  a  long  time  ahead  of  you  before 
/ou  have  to  think  about  death  for  yourselves.  Some- 
;ime  soon  a  girlfriend  at  school  may  be  in  an  accident 
jr  your  uncle  may  die  and  you  wDl  find  yourself  won- 
lering  what  comes  after  death.  Jesus  here  gives  us 
A'onderful  news  when  He  says,  "He  shall  live." 

As  we  read  the  rest  of  the  story,  and  as  we  think 
ibout  the  Resurrection  of  Christ  Himself,  we  see  tliat 

Jesus  has  power  over  even  deatli.  He  raised  Lazarus 
from  the  dead.  He,  Himself,  arose  from  the  dead,  and  we 
can  know  that  if  we  believe  in  Him,  we  too  will  rise 
from  the  dead.  God  even  tells  us  this  same  truth  in 
nature  every  spring.  We  see  trees  that  looked  dead 
break  forth  in  blossoms.  We  see  grass  that  was  brown 
and  dry  become  green  and  soft.  We  see  leaves  that 
were  withered  and  bent  straighten  up  and  produce  love- 
ly daffodils  and  tulips.  Can't  we  believe  that  God  would 
do  the  same  for  His  most  wonderful  creation,  man? 

Martha  here  says  she  does  believe  and  runs  to  get 
Mary,  but  when  Jesus  asks  to  liave  the  stone  removed, 
slie  is  hesitant.  Jesus  required  her  to  place  such  com- 
plete trust  in  Him  that  she  would  obey  even  this  ap- 
parently hopeless  command. 

Jesus  then  called  Lazarus  by  name  and  lie  came  out. 
Besides  the  miracle  of  giving  life  back  to  a  man  who 
had  been  dead  four  days  was  the  miracle  of  how  he 
came  out.  In  those  days  tlie  Jews  wrapped  their  corpses 
in  long  bandages  from  the  ankles  to  the  armpits.  How 
Lazarus  ever  moved  once  he  came  to  life  is  beyond 

You  would  think  tliat  after  seeing  such  a  miracle  as 
tliis,  the  Jews  would  have  believed.  Many  did  but  others 
refused  to  believe.  People  seem  to  believe  what  they 
want  to  believe,  and  we  later  see  these  Jews  plotting 
against  Jesus.  We  have  read  .so  much  in  the  Bible  and 
seen  so  much  in  other  people's  lives,  will  we  believe? 
Questions  for  discussion: 

1.  How  can  sickness  glorify  God? 

2.  Contrast    the   individual   traits   of   cltaracter   in   tlie 
two  sisters   (verses  28-32). 

3.  Why  did  Jesus  weep? 

4.  Wliy  did  Jesus  not  order  the  stone  to  roll  away  and 
the  gravewrappings  to  fall  off? 



Extra    Background    Reading:      The    Book   of  Judges 
Text:      Ruth    1:1-18 


RUTH  is  a  book  which  is  so  rich  in  so  many  ways, 
one  is  liard  pressed  to  know  where  to  begin. 
Which  precious  lesson  deserves  first  consideration?  It 
is  as  if  a  child  awakens  suddenly  one  Cliristmas  morn- 
ing to  find  all  the  fabulous  gifts  of  which  he  had  dream- 
ed. This  "instant"  Christmas  with  its  myriads  of  unex- 
pected gifts  is  more  than  he  can  endure.  He  becomes 
hysterical  with  happiness  and  runs  frantically  from 
one  toy  to  the  next,  unable  to  decide  which  is  the  most 

After  studying  the  book  of  Judges  out  of  which  Ruth 
evolves,  one  is  likely  to  feel  the  same  type  of  reaction 
as  did  the  cliild.  For  the  book  of  Judges,  often  called 
the  book  of  Confusion,  is  probably  the  most  terrible 
book  in  the  entire  Bible.  It  shows  clearly  the  great 
depths  of  depravity  to  which  the  people  of  God  had 
sunk.  To  close  the  reading  of  that  niglitmare  book  and 
find  immediately  following  it  one  of  the  loveliest  stories 
of  all  literature.  Biblical  or  secular,  is  a  real  blow  to  the 
nervous  system.  However,  oia-  age  seems  to  be  one  in 

Page  Six 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

which  people  live  from  shock  to  shock.  Very  little  sur- 
prises us  moderns. 

Now,  it  is  not  accidential  that  the  story  of  Ruth 
should  grow  out  of  the  book  of  the  Judges.  That  is 
God's  way.  There  is  never  a  spiritual  storm  so  fierce 
that  His  rainbow  cannot  be  seen  in  the  evening  sky. 
Even  in  the  midst  of  a  groat  and  terrible  trial,  Paul 
cries  out,  "We  have  such  hope."  Hope  is  the  magic  word 
of  the  Christian  message,  never  absent,  always  and 
finally  pravailing.  So  it  is  not  really  too  unusual  for 
us  to  see  against  the  backdrop  of  this  reign  of  terror 
two  beautiful  pictures  emerge.  Out  of  that  time  cam? 
the  great  statesman,  Samuel,  the  first  of  the  writing 
prophets;  and  out  of  all  that  ugliness  came  the  exquis- 
ite story  of  Ruth,  an  oasis  in  a  dry  and  thirsty  land. 

There  is  probably  no  place  in  the  Bible  where  the  two 
possible  extremes  of  good  and  evil  in  mankind  are 
brouglit  out  so  dramatically.  The  degradation  to  which 
one  can  sink  without  God,  and  the  heights  to  which  man 
can  rise  through  love  and  faitli  are  contrasted  vividly 
in  this  period  of  Jewisli  history. 

The  time  in  which  our  heroine  lived  was  not  a  beau- 
tiful or  tranquil  age  in  which  to  be  born.  Famine 
plagued  the  land  of  the  Jews,  a  famine  which  finally 
drove  Naomi,  her  husband  and  her  two  sons  to  the 
country  of  Moab.  And  neither  was  Ruth's  family  back- 
ground all  that  one  could  desire.  As  a  matter  of  fact, 
she  was  the  descendant  of  an  unfortunate  and  evil  epi- 
sode. Ruth  was  a  Moabitess  damsel  from  the  plain 
country  of  her  land.  The  founder  of  the  race  of  Moab 
was  the  son  of  Lot's  incestuous  act  with  his  older  daugh- 
ter (Gen.  19:24-38).  You  will  remember  that  Lot  was 
Abraham's  nephew.  Abraham  took  Lot  with  him  after 
the  Lord  had  forbade  Abraham's  taking  along  any  of 
his  kin,  except,  of  course,  Sara,  his  wife  (Gen.  12:1). 
From  that  moment  on.  Lot  was  a  thorn  in  Abraliam's 
side,  a  constant  source  of  trouble  and  dissension.  It  is 
evident  from  the  very  beginning  that  Lot  loved  the 
Lord,  but  it  is  also  evident  that  Lot  loved  the  carnal 
ways  of  the  world.  Finally,  he  found  himself  with  liis 
family  and  possessions,  a  very  rich  and  influential  man, 
in  Sodom  and  Gomorrah,  the  most  wicked  of  cities. 

In  that  evU  environment.  Lot  attempts  to  live  the 
hfe  of  a  godly  man  and  rear  his  children  in  a  godly 
manner.  He  cannot.  We  gradually  become  like  the  peo- 
ple with  whom  we  associate,  and  that  is  why  God  warn:; 
us  to  choose  our  close  companions  carefully.  Unfor- 
tunately, the  worldly  person  usually  influences  the  Chris- 
tian much  more  than  the  Christian  influences  the  carnal 
man.  In  time,  Lot  loses  his  testimony  to  the  Lord,  loses 
it  entirely,  though  he  gains  power  among  the  wicked 
people  of  his  city.  Naturally,  his  own  daughters  suffer 
terribly  from  their  wild  neighborhood.  Today,  the  Crime 
Commission  of  the  State  of  Minnesota  broadcasted  its 
findings  over  the  radio  and  television.  The  Commission, 
made  up  of  physicians,  educators  and  research  scien- 
tists stated  that  the  human  baby  was  the  most  selfish, 
self-centered  creature  ever  born.  He  knew  what  he 
wanted  almost  from  the  moment  of  birth,  and  he  de- 
manded his  bottle,  his  mother's  attention,  his  uncle's 
watch,  or  the  toy  of  another  child  when  he  wanted  it. 
If  he  is  refused  any  of  these  things  when  he  demands 
them,  the  young  child  goes  into  a  towering  rage  of 
anger  and  aggressiveness  which  would  be  murderous 
were  he  not  so  helpless.  The  report  continues  to  say 

that  a  small  child  has  no  morals,  no  knowledge,  no 
skills.  He  is  dirty  by  nature.  If  the  parent  does  not 
train  and  instruct  the  child  in  proper  values  and  ways, 
he  wiil  grow  up  to  be  a  thief,  a  criminal  of  some  sort. 
The  Commission  states  that  we  are  naturally  not  beau- 
tiful humans.  We  need  discipline  and  instruction  and 
training  which  is  exactly  what  the  Bible  teaches.  Man 
is  dead  in  his  sins,  and  he  always  has  been.  It  is  Itard 
for  us  to  think  of  the  child  we  love  and  adore  as  being 
a  possible  tyrant,  but  he  easily  could  become  one.  It  Is 
his  nature  to  rebel.  Lot's  daughters  may  have  been 
taught  properly,  but  their  environment  nullified  every 
good  thing.  They  lose  respect  for  their  father,  and  ha 
no  longer  has  the  power  to  command  their  obedience 
or  their  affection.  They  are  wild  and  wayward  girls, 
steeped  in  sin;  the  product  of  their  violent  age. 

Into  this  dreadful  condition  the  Angel  of  the  Lord 
comes  to  warn  Lot  of  the  impending  destruction  of 
Sodom  and  Gomorrah.  Regardless  of  Lot's  action,  God 
is  still  faithful  and  He  remembers  Lot.  Lot  and  his 
family  flee.  The  destruction  of  these  two  cities,  devoured 
by  fire  and  brimstone  must  have  been  like  the  explosion 
of  the  atomic  bomb.  Lot  and  his  people  rush  to  take  to 
the  caves.  They  thought  the  end  of  the  world  had  surely 
come.  In  time,  the  foolish  daughters  begin  to  miss  the 
pleasures  of  the  cities  and  to  fear  that  they  wiU  never 
marry  and  have  families.  All  of  the  young  men,  so  they 
reasoned,  must  have  been  destroyed  in  that  holocaust, 
I  he  Hiroshima  of  that  day.  From  that  day  forward,  the 
daughters  plotted  to  get  their  father  drunk  and  deceive 
him  into  fathering  a  child  for  each  daughter.  Out  of 
these  degrading  circumstances,  the  boy  Moab  was  born. 
From  then  on  the  Moabites  and  the  descendants  of 
Abraham,  the  Jews  of  the  Old  Testament  were  bitten 
enemies.  Later  in  Jewish  history  we  find  that  the  Moab- 
ites will  not  allow  Israel  to  pass  through  their  territory 
when  that  nation  was  on  its  march  in  the  wilderness. 
The  foot-weary  Jews  were  forced  to  go  the  long  way 
around.  At  times  when  it  suited  their  purpose,  the 
people  of  Moab  would  sell  food  and  water  at  cut- throat 
prices  to  Israel. 

In  later  times  Moab  led  the  people  of  God  into  idol- 
atry and  impuritj-.  They  hired  the  prophet  Balaam  to 
curse  Israel.  The  Jews  hated  the  Moabites  more  fiercely 
than  ever  and  finally  excluded  them  entirely  from  the 
Jewish  congregation,  even  into  the  tenth  generation: 
"An  Ammonite  (Ammon  was  the  name  of  the  son  of 
Lot's  younger  daughter)  or  Moabite  shall  not  enter 
til?  congregation  of  the  Lord;  even  to  their  tenth  gen- 
eration sliall  they  not  enter  the  congregation  of  the 
Lord  forever:  Because  they  met  you  not  with  bread 
and  water  in  the  way,  when  ye  came  forth  out  of  Egypt; 
and  because  they  hired  against  thee  Balaam  the  son  oJ 
Beor  or  Pethor  of  Mesopotamia,  to  curse  thee"  (Deut. 

In  that  time  in  history  any  man  who  was  not  a  wor 
shipper  of  the  One  True  God  Jehovah  was  a  Gentile 
Thus,  Ruth  was  a  Gentile  of  a  race  forbidden  by  Mosaic 
Law  to  enter  Israel's  congregation  or  to  serve  Israel't 
God.  It  was,  of  course,  not  Ruth's  fault,  nor  was  shf 
responsible  for  the  sins  of  her  ancestors,  but  people 
llion,  as  now,  are  sometimes  not  very  forgiving.  I  havi^ 
heard  it  said  of  Christians  that  we  are  the  most  unfor 
giving  people  of  all,  a  terrible  indictment  if  this  he- 
true.  We,   of  all  people,  should  understand  the  qualit} 

March  15,  1969 

Page  Seven 

of  mercy  and  forgive  others  since  God  alone  is  all- 
compassionate.  Only  He  does  utterly  forgive  and  forget 
the  sins  of  those  who  CEill  upon  His  name. 

Thus,  Ruth  was  no  stranger  in  the  land  of  tlie  Jews, 
a  land  with  customs  with  which  she  was  not  familiar, 
a  land  which  would  not  welcome  lier  and  would  be  a 
source  of  trouble  for  her.  The  Bible  brings  out  very 
definitely  the  history  of  Rutli's  questionable  bacl<- 
ground  and  the  type  of  treatment  she  could  expect  to 
receive  in  Bethleliem.  In  this  short  story  of  her  life, 
Ruth  is  called  the  Moabitess,  the  woman  of  Moab,  the 
Moabitish  damsel;  titles  which  would  not  endear  her 
to  the  Jews.  Finally,  she  is  referred  to  as  "a  stranger." 
It  is  certain  tliat  Naomi  a  devout  Jewess  would  be 
hesitant  to  present  Ruth,  her  daughter-in-law,  to  her 
Jewish  friends  and  family.  In  fact,  Naomi  tries  hard 
to  get  her  daughters-in-law  not  to  return  with  her  to 
Bethlehem.  She  was  loathe  to  go  through  that  ordeal. 

Why  then  would  Ruth  insist  upon  following  her 
mother-in-law  to  an  unfriendly  land?  Many  Bible  read- 
ers, because  of  Ruth's  lovely  and  eloquent  plea  to  Naomi 
(Ruth  1:16-17),  and  because  they  read  only  the  surface 
story,  decide  that  it  was  deep  and  devoted  affection 
only  for  Naomi  which  prompted  Ruth  to  make  tills 
request.  But  to  the  careful  reader  this  impassioned 
speech  of  Ruth's  has  a  much  deeper  and  more  profound 
meaning.  To  be  sure  Ruth  was  a  loving  daughter-in-law, 
but  she  did  not  follow  Naomi  out  of  her  great  love  for 
her.  Rather,  Ruth  was  following  Naomi's  God,  for 
Naomi's  God  represented  to  Ruth  the  One  True  Jehovah 
God  whom  the  Jews  worshipped.  It  is  safe  to  assume 
that  Naomi,  her  husband  and  her  two  sons  were  devout 
and  practicing  Jews.  Upon  her  marriage  to  Naomi's 
son,  Ruth  was  exposed  to  the  Jewish  faith  in  a  thousand 
and  one  ways,  for  the  Mosaic  Law  was  a  part  of  the 
Jew's  social  life,  personal  life,  family  life,  economic 
practices;  everything.  Everywhere  the  girl  looked,  every- 
where she  turned  she  was  bound  to  encounter  Judaism 
in  its  purest  forms.  She  had  to  be  influenced  daily  by 
such  a  faith,  and  Ruth  is  one  of  the  most  preceptive, 
responsive  women  in  Scripture.  Her  response  to  her 
young  Jewish  husband's  faith  would  have  been  over- 

Then  Ruth's  husband  died.  'Was  she  to  lose  both  him 
and  the  faith  which  had  become  so  dear  to  her?  Such  a 
thing  was  unthinkable  to  the  girl.  Judiasm  was  no 
longer  just  "a  way"  of  life  she  had  accepted  upon  her 
marriage.  It  had  become  "the"  way,  and  life  outside 
of  her  adopted  faith  was  no  life  at  all.  We  Christians 
know  that  outside  of  Christ  there  is  nothing.  This,  of 
course,  doesn't  prevent  our  taking  excursion  now  and 
then  out  into  the  glamour  and  superficial  pleasures 
of  the  world.  However,  we  soon  realize,  like  the  LSD 
user  that  this  is  a  "bad"  trip,  and  we  are  happy  to  re- 
turn to  the  Lord's  family.  Like  the  Prodigal  Son,  we 
know  that  outside  of  our  father's  house,  we  are  worse 
off  than  the  swine.  The  pig  sties  of  life  often  seem 
exciting,  reductive,  but  after  a  long  association  with  the 
pigs,  we  smell  the  stench  and  are  sickened  at  heart. 
Unfortunately,  we  continue  to  romp  away  at  the  bar- 
gain counters  of  the  world  where  the  false  ideals  are 
sold,  and  virtue  and  life  are  cheap.  It  is  one  of  our 
human  failings.  It  is  well  to  know  and  to  be  warned. 
The  poet  reminds  us: 

Earth  gets  its  price  for  what  Earth  gives  us; 

The  beggar  is  taxed  for  a  corner  to  die  in. 

The  priest  hath  his  fee  who  comes  and  shrives  us, 

We  bcu-gain  for  the  graves  we  lie  in, 

At  the  Devil's  booth  are  all  things  sold. 

Each  ounce  of  dross  costs  its  ounce  of  gold: 

For  a  cap  and  bells  our  life  we  pay. 

Bubbles  we  buy  with  the  whole  soul's  tasking: 

'Tis  Heaven  alone  that  is  given  away, 

■Tis  only  God  may  be  had  for  the  asking. 

Ruth  could  bear  the  loss  of  her  husband.  She  could 
even  part  with  her  beloved  mother-in-law,  but  she  could 
not  bear  to  lose  the  true  God  whom  she  had  so  lately 
discovered.  In  those  far-off  days,  each  country  had  its 
own  god  and  while  one  lived  in  a  land  he  worshipped 
the  particular  god  of  that  country.  When  he  moved,  he 
transferred  his  worship  to  the  resident  god.  To  the 
Jew  and  to  the  pagan  also,  Jehovah  God  lived  and 
dwelled  only  among  the  Jews  in  the  land  of  Judea. 
We  know  today  that  God  is  everywhere;  omnipotent, 
omniscient  and  omnipresent.  There  is  no  time  nor  space 
to  God.  We  saw  that  beautifully  illustrated  on  Apollo 
8's  trip  to  the  moon.  Almost  at  the  same  time  the  as- 
tronauts spoke  or  ate  or  moved  we  saw  it  or  heard  it. 
Though  they  were  240  thousand  miles  away,  it  was  as 
if  there  was  no  barrier  between  us,  and  we  are  finite 
creatures  with  finite  minds  and  methods.  If  we  can 
reach  other  m,en  so  easily  in  the  great  canopy  of  space 
surely  God  can  hear  prayer,  and  is  ever,  times  beyond 
number,  closer  to  His  people.  We  cannot  travel  beyond 
His  sight.  His  hearing.  His  recognition.  Whittier  said 
it  well. 

I  know  not  where  His  islands  lift 

Their  fronded  palms  in  air; 
I  only  know  I  cannot  drift 

Beyond  His  love  and  care. 
Yet,    Ruth   in  the  custom   of  ancient   people   felt   that 
God  was  found  only  in  Israel,  so  there  she  must  go. 

I  would  not  take  away  anj'one's  pleasure  or  faith 
in  Ruth's  love  for  her  mother-in-law.  Ruth  did  love 
Naomi.  We  always  love  in  a  special  waj'  the  ones  who 
have  led  us  to  the  Lord,  and  we  continue  to  inquire  for 
them,  no  matter  the  years  or  the  miles  in  between.  But 
this  is  the  obvious  story,  and  "it  is  only  with  the  heart 
that  one  can  see  rightly;  what  is  essential  is  invisible 
to  the  eye."  Thus,  it  was  Ruth's  overwhelming  love  for 
God  which  prompted  her  to  journey  to  Bethlehem.  There 
was  something  much  greater,  much  more  precious 
than  a  girl's  devotion  to  her  husband's  mother.  This 
particular  passage  (Ruth  1:16-17)  soars  and  sings  far 
above  the  minor  melodies  of  man's  voice.  This  passage 
is  comparable  to  Mary's  famous  Magnificat  (St.  Luke 
1:46-551  which  she  sang  to  magnify  the  name  of  the 
Lord  God  when  she  knew  of  the  coming  birth  of  her 
son,  Jesus. 

I  know  you  must  be  wondering  why  Orpha  the  other 
daughter-in-law  did  not  respond  as  whole-heartedly  as 
did  Ruth.  Who  can  know?  Why  does  the  very  same 
seed  blossom  and  grow  in  one  life  and  wither  and  die  in 
another?  Both  grew  side  by  side.  Both  had  equal  op- 
portunity. God  loved  both  equally.  (He  is  not  willing 
for  one  to  perish.)  Yet  one  person  developes  a  micro- 
scopic faith;  the  other  a  m.agnificant  faith.  Perhaps,  the 
difference  might  be  in  the  degree  of  desire.  I  am  con- 
vinced that  if  one  is  to  grow  spiritually,  he  must  have 
the  gift  of  "wanting"  to  do  so,  the  dearest  gift  of  all. 

Page  Eight 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

The  lack  of  an  inquiring,  wanting  mind  is  deatli  in 
things  of  the  intellect.  It  is  even  more  deadly  in  things 
of  the  spirit.  God  knows  a  seeking  heart  and  He  will 
enrich  and  enlarge  such  a  life  a  thousand  fold  beyond 
that  of  the  non-searchers.  Spiritual  wisdom  is  not  a 
matter  of  education  nor  intelligence.  It  is  always  a  mat- 
ter of  will  and  desire.  James  says  very  definitely,  "Ye 
have  not,  because  ye  ask  not."  One  must  be  electrically 
alert  and  responsive  to  the  spirit  if  he  is  to  grow  up 
into  the  faith.  Orpha,  no  doubt,  a  very  lovely  girl,  re- 
quired little  and  thus  received  little.  As  a  result,  her 
name  is  mentioned  briefly  in  the  Scripture,  and  she 
drops  from  sight.  We  have  no  idea  what  became  of  her, 
but  we  can  be  sure  she  had  no  sucli  deep  and  abiding 
experiences  with  the  Lord.  I  can  tell  you  little  more  of 
Orpha,  a  girl  who  saw  her  opportimity,  but  did  not 
seize  it. 

All   I   reall\'   know   is  that   God   did   an   unspeakably 
taoautiful   thing   here  in   the  book   of  Rutli.   At   a  time 

wlien  He  was  dealing  exclusively  with  the  Jew,  at  a 
time  when  the  Gentile  "dog"  had  not  yet  come  into 
the  vestibule  of  faith,  God  took  time  to  look  upon  the 
pure  and  contrite  heart  of  a  Gentile  maiden,  even  a 
Moabitess,  a  stranger,  afraid  and  afar  off  from  the 
covenant  people  of  God. 

Here  is  Ruth,  a  descendant  of  Lot's  evilness,  tri- 
umphing over  the  Law  of  Israel,  transcending  that  rigid 
Mosaic  Code,  the  strictest  law  ever  known  to  man.  By 
her  faith  and  through  the  Grace  of  God,  she,  an  out- 
sider,  found   salvation. 

Oh,  beautiful  Ruth,  lovely  in  mind  and  heart.  She 
truly  came  out  of  her  darkness  into  His  marvelous 
Light,  even  before  that  Light  came  into  the  world.  She 
was  a  stranger,  afraid,  in  a  world  she  never  made,  and 
she  was  one  of  the  first  to  receive  that  great  blessing: 
"I  was  an  hungred,  and  ye  gave  me  meat;  I  was  thirsty, 
and  ye  gave  me  drink:  I  was  a  stranger,  and  ye  took 
me  in." 

Signal  Lights  Program  for  April 
Prepared  by  Mrs.  Alberta  Holsinger 

Bible  Theme:     "BIBLE    FRIENDS" 


Singing  Time: 

"A  Helper  Evei-y  Day" 
"Be  Ye  Kind" 
"Jesus'  Helper" 
"Jesus'  Helpers" 

(from  Beginner's  Sing) 

Bible  Tune: 

Jesus'  Friends  Help  Him 

(Have  a  large  picture  of  The  Last 
Supper  by  daVinci  on  the  worship 
center. ) 

Many  of  yooi  have  seen  this  picture 
before.    Who  can  tell  us  about  it? 

Yes,  this  is  Jesus  and  His  disciples 
eating.  They  are  eating  a  special 
meal  called  the  Passover  or  the  Last 

This  is  not  a  real  picture  of  the 
supper.  This  is  the  way  the  artist, 
Mr.  daVinci  thought  it  looked. 

Before  we  can  have  a  big  dinner 
what  does  someone  have  to  do? 
That's  right.  Someone  has  to  pre- 
pare it  for  us.  It  is  not  easy  to  get 
ready  for  a  feast.    Those  who  fix  it 

for  us  do  it  because  they  Iwe  us. 

Jesus  and  His  disciples  were  near 
the  city  of  Jerusalem.  It  was  time 
for  the  Passover  feast. 

"I  want  to  eat  the  Passover  feast 
with  you,"  Jesus  told  His  friends. 

"But  where  can  we  have  the  din- 
ner," asked  one  of  the  disciples.  "We 
do  not  have  a  home  nor  even  a  room 

"Peter,"  said  Jesus,  "I  would  like 
for  you  and  John  to  go  into  the  city. 
You  will  see  a  man  carrying  a  jar  of 
water.  Follow  him,  He  will  stop  at 
the  home  of  a  man  who  has  a  room 
we  may  use.  Ask  to  use  the  room  and 
get  things  ready  for  supper." 

Peter  and  John  went  into  Jerusa- 
lem. They  saw  a  man  caiTying  a  jar 
of  water.  They  followed  him.  They 
saw  him  go  into  a  house.  They  knock- 
ed at  the  door.  A  man  opened  it. 

"We  are  Jesus'  friends,"  said  Peter. 
"Ho  wants  us  to  fix  the  Passover 
feast  for  Him.  Do  you  have  a  room 
we  may  use?" 

"Yes,  I  have,"  answered  the  man. 
"Fallow  me." 

He  led  them  upsitairs  to  a  large 
room.  There  was  a  long  table  and 
seats.  There  was  a  place  to  prepare 
the  food. 

"Thank  you,"  said  John.  "We  wUl 
prepare  the  meal  for  Jesus." 

Later  Jesus  and  the  other  disciples 
came.  The  table  was  set.  The  can- 
dles were  lit.    The  food  was  cooked. 

Jesus  smiled  at  Peter  and  John. 
"You  have  done  well,"  He  said. 
"Thank  You.  I  am  glad  I  have 
friends  who  will  help  me  do  the 
things  I  ask  them  to  do." 

—Based  on  Mark  14:13-16 

Memory   Time : 

John  20:31 

There  are  things  each  of  us  can  do 
everyday  to  help  Jesus.  Our  memoiy 
verse  reminds  us  of  this. 

(Read  the  verse.  Have  the  children 
read  it  with  you  from  the  copies  you 
ha/ve  given  them. 

Mai<li  15,  1969 

Page  Nine 

ConHnue  to  chaJlenge  l.hem  In 
learn  each  month's  verse  anri  i-efor- 
(ince.    Review,  i 

Mission  Time: 

The  Peanuts  Grow 

"Come,  Kuve,"  Zira  called  to  liLs 
sister.  "Let's  get  the  hoetng  done 
before  the  son  gets  high  in  the  sky." 

Kuve  came  out  of  her  hut  can-ying 
her  short-handled  hoe.  Together  they 
walked  down  the  path  from  their 
compound  to  the  gai-den. 

As  they  hoed  their  father's  garden 
they  sajig.  They  sang  about  a  loving 
heavenly  Father.  They  sang  about  a 
wonderful  Savior,  Jesus.  They  sang 
the  songs  they  learned  at  chui-ch. 

When  the  native  evangelist  first 
came  to  their  village,  Father  went  to 
the  meeting  under  the  tree  in  the 
center  of  the  village.  The  evangelist 
was  friendly  and  kind.  He  told  won- 
derful stories. 

When  Father  came  home  from  the 
meeting  under  the  tree,  he  told 
Mother  smd  the  children  about  it. 
The  next  week  when  the  evangelist 
returned.  Mother,  Kuve,  and  Zira 
went  to  the  meeting,  too.  Since  that 
time  they  had  not  missed  a  meeting. 
They  listened;  they  remembered; 
they  talked  about  the  things  the 
evangelist  taught.  This  new  way  of 
life  was  very  different  from  the  old. 
There  would  be  times  when  it  would 
be  especially  hard  to  live  the  Jesos 
way.  But  one  day  when  the  evangel- 
ist asked,  "Are  any  of  you  now  ready 
to  let  Jesus  come  into  your  hearts?" 
Father,  Mother,  Kuve,  and  Zira  were 
among  those  who  went  to  him  and 
asked  to  be  enroUed  in  the  pre-bap- 
tism  class.  In  this  class  they  learned 
how  to  be  followers  of  Jesus. 

That  is  why  as  they  hoed  the  chil- 
dren sang  songs  about  Jesus.  They 
knew  Him.    They  loved  Him. 

As  soon  as  they  finished  working 
in  the  family  gai-den,  Kuve  said, 
"Now  we  must  hoe  our  own  little 
gardens.  We  want  many  peanuts  to 
grow  in  them." 

"Oh,  yes,"  agreed  Zira.  "I  have 
already  decided  what  I  wiU  do  with 
the  money  I  get  when  I  sell  the  pea- 

"What  win  you  buy,  Zira?"  his 
sister  wanted  to  know. 

"Father  has  said  we  may  go  to 
the  mission  school  when  it  opens 
again.  I  want  a  new  shhit  to  wear." 
declared  Zira. 

"The  mission  school  is  fi\e  mUes 
away.  It  wiU  be  a  long  walk  each 
day,  but  I  am  anxious  to  go,  too.    I 

■^hall  the  money  from  my  peanuts 
to  Imy  material  for  a  dros.s,"  said 

So  for  many  days  and  weeks  the 
children  worked  and  sang  and  dream- 

One  Sunday  they  heai-d  some  e.xcit- 
ing  news  at  the  meeting.  The  evan- 
gelist said,  "if  all  of  you  will  help,  we 
will  buUd  a  church  in  this  village.  We 
will  buy  the  materials  we  need  by 
selling  the  peanuts  you  bring  as  your 
offering  two  weeks  from  today.  We 
will  start  the  work  later  this  week. 
Tlie  women  and  children  will  cari-y 
water  and  mix  mud  for  the  walls.  The 
men  wUl  break  up  the  ground  with 
picks  and  shovels." 

Kuve  and  Zira  could  talk  of  noth- 
ing else!  How  wonderful  it  woiUd  be 
to  have  a  church  of  their  own!  A 
church  in  which  to  worship  God! 

The  next  day  was  mai-ket  day.  Mo- 
ther tied  the  baby  Kwaji  on  her  back. 
She  and  Kuve  started  down  the  path 
with  the  other  women  of  the  village. 
Father  and  Zira  would  come  later 
with  the  men.  There  was  much 
laughing,  talking,  and  singing  as  they 
all  walked  along. 

Ku\'e  and  Zira  visited  with  their 
friends  and  looked  at  all  the  pretty 
things  for  sale. 

Mother  bought  a  cooking  poit.  Fath- 
er  bought  a  hoe.  Mother  got  some 
bean  cakes  to  share  with  the  women 
and  childi-en  on  the  way  home  and 
also  some  dried  fish  to  cook  in  the 
gravy  for  supper. 

As  they  walked  along  tliey  talked 
happily  of  the  things  tliey  had  seen. 

Kuve  said,  "I  saw  just  the  mate- 
rial I  want  to  buy  when  I  sell  my 
peanuts.  It's  black  with  red  and  yel- 
low flowers." 

"I  saw  some  I  would  like  for  my 
shirt,"  said  Zira,  "It's  striped  with 
many  colors." 

The  ne.xt  week  the  whole  family 
worked  harvesting  the  peanuts.  One 
evening  Father  said,  "Tomorrow  we 
wUl  go  to  church.  Then  the  next  day 
we  will  take  our  peanuts  to  market 
to  sell." 

He  and  Mother  talked  about  hov\' 
many  peanuts  they  woiuld  take  to  the 
meetmg  as  their  offering  for  the 
new  church. 

When  the  famUy  started  for  church 
the  ne.xt  day,  Ku\-e  and  Zira  were 
each  can-ying  a  basket  on  their 

"Well,  what  have  we  here?"  asked 

"These  are  our  peanuts  for  the  new 

chuieh."    cxijlained    Zira. 

"Yes."  added  Kuve.  "Wc  decided 
our  village  needed  a  church  much 
more  than  we  need  new  clothes.  We 
already  know  the  Savior  Jesus  and 
we  are  going  to  school  to  learn  even 
more  about  Him.  We  want  more  of 
our  fr.ends  here  at  home  to  hear  the 
wonderful  stoiy,  too." 

Kuve  and  Zh-a  felt  happier  than 
they  ever  had  before.  They  had 
worked  hard  to  grow  the  peajiuts. 
Now  they  were  giving  them  to  be 
used  in  God's  work.  They  were  doing 
it  because  they  loved  Jesus  and  want- 
ed others  to  learn  to  love  Him,   too. 

Yes,  they  were  singing  as  they  took 
their  offering  to  chiu-ch. 

Prayer   Time: 

Lee  us  thank  God  for  Jesus  our 
Savior.  Let  us  thank  Him  for  our 
churches  where  we  leai-n  more  about 

Let  us  ask  Him  to  be  with  the 
evangelists  and  the  missionai-ies  as 
thty  teach  the  Nigerians  of  Him. 

Activity  Time: 

Uramatize  the  Mission  Story 

Choose  so'meone  to  be  Ku\'a,  Zira, 
Mother,  Father,  the  evangelist.  The 
other  chUdren  may  be  the  viUagers. 

Review  the  story  briefly  and  then 
permit  the  cliildren  to  act  it  out. 

Business  Time: 

1.  Signal    Lights   motto. 

2.  RoU  call. 

3.  Talk  about  oui-  pi-oject. 

4.  Offering. 

5.  Complete  plans  for  the  party  for 
your  friends  who  do  not  go  to  church. 

Handwork  Time: 

Burlap  Pictures 

For  each  cliUd  you  will  need  a 
small  pictiu-e  of  The  Last  Supper 
(Simday  school  papers  and  calendars 
are  good  sources),  a  piece  of  card- 
board and  a  piece  of  burlap  the  size 
of  the  picture,  glue,  a  sheet  of  white 
paper,  colored  cellophane  tape,  a  pic- 
ture hanger. 

Cover  one  side  of  the  cardboard 
with  glue.    Press  the  burlap  onto  it. 

Co\-er  the  back  of  the  picttu-e  with 
glue.  Place  it  over  the  burlap.  Place 
a  sheet  of  white  pai>er  over  the  pic- 
ture. Rub  finnly  for  a  few  minutes. 
When  you  remove  the  paper,  you  will 
see  that  the  burlap  has  caused  the 
picture  to  look  like  an  oiU  painting. 

Bind  the  picture  with  colored  tape. 
Attach  a  picture  hanger  to  the  back. 

Signal  Lights  Benediction 

Page  Ten 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

World  Missions  Offering  Report 

JULY  1,  1967  —  JUNE  30,  1968 

This  report  has  been  based  on  receipts  during  the  last  fiscal  year  of  the  Mission- 
ary Board  of  the  Brethren  Church. 

1966-1967  1967-1968 

Total  Church  Offerings 

Individual's  Contributions 


Dividend  and  Interest  Income 

Memorial  Gifts 

Miscellaneous  Income 

District  &  Nat'l  Organizations 


















1.  New    Lebanon,    Ohio,    Church 

2.  Goshen,   Indiana,   Church 

3.  North  Manchester,  Indiana,  Church 

4.  New    Paris,    Indiana,    Church 

5.  Elkhart,   Indiana,   Church 

6.  Nappanee,  Indiana,  Church 

7.  Louisville,    Ohio,    Church 

8.  Vlnco,    Pennsylvania,    Church 

9.  Smithvllle,    Ohio,    Church 

10.  Park  St.,  Ashland,  Ohio,  Church 



Southeastern  District 







Kimsey  Run 




Harrisonburg,  Virginia 
Herndon,  Virginia 
Cumberland,  Maryland 
Faj-etteville,  West  Virginia 
Haddix,  Kentucky 
Hagerstown,  Maryland 
Kimsey  Run,  West  Virginia 
Quicksburg,  Virginia 
Linwood,  Maryland 






S    333.00 















■      222.00 


March   15,   19fi9 

Page  Eleven 

Losi   Creek 
Mt.  Olive 
Oak  Hill 
St.  James 
St.  Luke 

l>(isl    t 'I'cck.    KciUiic-ky 
Mathias,  West   Virginia 
Maurertown.  Virginia 
Pineville,  Virginia 
Oak  Hill,  West  Virginia 
Rowdy,  Kentucky 
St.  James,  Maryland 
Woodstock,  Virginia 
Washington,  D.  C.  1 


















Pennsylvania  District 


Brush  VaUey 




Fairless  HiUs-Levittown 


Johnstown  First 

Johnstown  Second 

Johnstown  Third 



Mt.  Olivet 

Mt.  Pleasant 


Quiet  Dell 



VaUey  Church 

Vandergrift   (Pleasant  View) 


Waynesboro  (Wayne  Heiglits) 

White  Dale 

Berlin,  Pennsyhania 
Adrian,  Pennsylvania 
Pittstown,  New  Jersey 
Cameron,  West  Virginia 
Conemaugh,  Pennsylvania 
Levittown,  Pennsylvania 
Marianna,  Pennsylvania 
Jolmstown,  Pennsylvania 
Johnstown,  Pennsylvania 
Johnstown,  Pennsylvania 
Masontown,  Pennsylvania 
Meyersdale,   Pennsylvania 
Georgetown,  Pennsylvania 
Mt.   Pleasant,  Pennsylvania 
Pittsburgh,  Pennsylvania 
Cameron,  West  Virginia 
Saxton,  Pennsylvania 
Sergeantsville,  New  Jersey 
Jones  Mills,  Pennsylvania 
Vandergrift,  Pennsylvania 
Mineral  Point,  Pennsylvania 
Waynesboro,  Pennsylvania 
Terra  Alta,  West  Virginia 















































Ohio  District 

Akron  (Firestone  Park) 

Ashland   (Garber) 

Ashland   (Park  St.) 

Canton  (Trinity) 

Columbus  ( Co-operative ) 

Dayton  (Hillcrest) 









New  Lebanon 

North  Georgetown 

Pleasant  Hill 


West  Ale.xandria 


Akron,  Ohio 
Ashland,  Ohio 
Ashland,  Ohio 
Canton,  Ohio 
Columbus,  Ohio 
Dayton,  Ohio 
Fremont,  Ohio 
Glenford,  Ohio 
Gratis,  Ohio 
Bellefontaine,  Ohio 
Louisville,  Ohio 
Mansfield,  Ohio 
Massillon,  Ohio 
Newark,  Ohio 
New  Lebanon,  Ohio 
North  Georgetown,  Ohio 
Pleasant  Hill,  Ohio 
Smithville,  Ohio 
West  Ale.xandria,  Ohio 
WiUiamstown,  Ohio 









































Indiana  District 

Brighton  Chapel 

South  Bend,  Indiana 



Howe,  Indiana 



Bryan,  Ohio 



Burlington,  Indiana 



Fage  Twelve 

Xhe  Brethren  Evangelist 

Center  Chapel 

College  Corner 


County  Line 




Elkhart   (Winding  Waters  i 












New  Paris 

North  Liberty 

North  Manchester 





South  Bend 





Peru,  Indiana  366.00 

Wabash,  Indiana  161.00 

Twelve  Mile,  Indiana  188.00 

LePaz,  Indiana  989.00 

Denver,  Indiana  148.00 

Warsaw,  Indiana  106.00 

Elkhart,  Indiana  8,201.00 

Elkhart,  Indiana  308.00 

Flora,  Indiana  1,622.00 

Goshen,  Indiana  6,653.00 

Huntington,  Indiana  137.00 

Kokomo,  Indiana  321.00 

Bunker  Hill,  Indiana  831.00 

Bronson,  Michigan  102.00 

Peru,  Indiana  360.00 

Milford,  Indiana  520.00 

Mishawaka,  Indiana  367.00 

Muncie,  Indiana  154.00 

Nappanee,  Indiana  4,543.00 

New  Paris,  Indiana  1,200.00 

North  Liberty,  Indiana  363.00 

North  Manchester,  Indiana  4,981.00 

Oakville,  Indiana  521.00 

Peru,  Indiana  52.00 

Roann,  Indiana  2,750.00 

Roanoke,  Indiana  131.00 

South  Bend,  Indiana  513.00 

Teegarden,  Indiana  195.00 

Rochester,  Indiana  110.00 

Wabash,  Indiana  240.00 

Warsaw,  Indiana  628.00 

Central  District 

Cedar  Falls 

Cerro  Gordo 





Midwest  District 

Falls  City 
Fort  Scott 

Cedar  Falls,  Iowa 
Cerro  Gordo,  Illinois 
Lanark,  Illinois 
Milledgeville,  Illinois 
Udell.  Iowa 
Waterloo,  Iowa 

Carleton,  Nebraska 
Cheyenne,  Wyoming 
Derby,   Kansas 
Falls  City,  Nebraska 
Fort  Scott,  Kansas 
McLouth,  Kansas 
Morrill,   Kansas 
Mulvane,   Kansas 





























Nortliern  California  District 


,  California 



I,   California 



n,  California 




Papago  Park 

Tempe,  Arizona 
Tucson,  Arizona 




St.  Petersburg 

St.  Petersburg,  Florida 
Sarasota,  Florida 


March    15,  l!»6!) 

Page  Thirteen 


James    E.    Norris 

Program  for  April 



Guest  Writer: 


Pastor,    S+,   James    Brethren   Church 


"The  just  shall  live  by  their  faith."  These  words  not 
jnly  keynote  the  Reformation  but  also  must  become 
)ur  way  of  life  if  success  is  to  attend  the  Laymen's 
A'ork  in  the  church.  Faith,  however,  is  not  a  lullaby  to 
>leep  by  but  a  march  to  work  by. 

Since  our  ability  to  achieve  is  directly  related  to  faith, 
et's    discuss    the   place   of    faith    in    the   work    of   the 
[.     Faith's  necessity  in  the  worlt  of  the  Laymen 

A.  To  place  first  things  first,  before  we  may  be  sue 
cessful  in  our  labors  we  must  be  "right"  with  our 
employer,  Christ.  Faith  is  the  fundamental  require 
ment  of  salvation  (John  6:28;  Heb.  ll:6i.  The  gifts 
attendant  upon  salvation  also  come  by  faith — re- 
birth (Rom.  10:9),  justification  (Rom.  5:1  >.  eternal 
life  (John  3:15),  and  enlightenment  (John  12:46i. 

B.  Faith  also  is  essential  to  "living"  the  Christian 
life.  Faith  is  our  defensive  weapon  against  Satan 
(Eph.  6:16).  Faith  is  our  breath  of  spiritual  life 
for  it  is  essential  to  prayer,  our  communion  with 
the  Father   (James  l:5i. 

C.  Faith  assuies  success  In  (he  work  (u  wliiiii  we 
iiave  been  called  (11  Chron.  20:20). 

D.  A  faith  to  be  reborn,  to  live,  to  work  by. 

We  believe  the  doctrines  of  Christianity  to  be  true, 
but  faith  goes  beyond  this.  Faith  is  more  involved  in 
our  growth  in  spirit  and  knowledge.  It  means  "holding 
on"  to  things  our  reason  has  once  accepted,  despite 
changing  moods. 

Now  our  minds  are  not  normally  "ruled"  by  reason. 
Reason  knows  that  water  will  support  a  swimmer  yet 
our  mind  fears. 

"Suppose  a  man's  reason  once  decided  that  the  weight 
of  evidence  is  for.  .  .  (Chistianity).  .  .  there  will  come 
a  moment  when  there  is  bad  news,  or  he  is  in  trouble, 
or  is  living  among  a  lot  of  other  people  who  do  not 
believe  it,  and  all  at  once  his  emotions  will  rise  up  and 
carry  out  a  sort  of  blitz  on  his  belief.  Or  else  there  will 
come  a  moment  when  he  wants  a  woman,  or  wants  to 
tell  a  lie,  or  feels  very  pleased  with  himself  or  sees  a 
chance  of  making  a  little  money  in  some  way  that  is 
not  perfectly  fair.  Some  moment.  .  .  at  which  it  would 
be  very  convenient  if  Christianity  were  not  true.  And 
once  again  his  wishes  and  desires  will  carry  out  a  blitz" 
(p.  21  "Mere  Christianity,"  C.  S.  Lewis,  Fontana). 

We  must  get  in  battle  trim  for  rebellion  of  moods 
againsl  reason  will  come.  "Now  that  I  am  a  Christian 
1  do  liave  moods  in  which  the  whole  thing  looks  very 
improbable:     but  when  I  was  an  atheist  I  had  moods  in 

I'age  Fourteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

which  Christianity  looked  terribly  probable"  (p.  121 
"Mere  Cliristianity,"  C.   S.   Lewis,   Fontanal. 

".  .  .  unless  you  teach  your  moods  'where  to  get  oil,' 
you  can  never  be  either  a  sound  Christian  or  even  a 
sound  atheist,  but  just  a  creature  dithering  to  and  fro, 
with  its  beliefs  really  dependent  on  the  weather  and  the 
state  of  its  digestion"  (p.  121,  "Mere  Christianity,"  C.  S. 
Lewis,  Fontana). 

We  must  train  the  liabit  of  faith.  Recognize  that 
moods  do  change.  So  feed  your  spiritual  mind  in  prep- 
aration for  the  battle. 

II.  E.xaniples  of  Laymen  wlio  worked  by  faith 

A.  Soldier  Caleb  who  conquered  a  mountain  in  which 
giants  dwelled  (Josh.  14:12). 

B.  Shepherd  David  who  while  a  teenager  killed  a 
giant  (I  Sam.  17:37). 

C.  Three  Hebrew  statesmen  refused  to  relinquish 
faith   (Dan.  3:17). 

III.  Obstacles  that  test  faith 

Try  to  live  by  faith.  Make  a  serious  attempt  to  prac- 
tice faith,  hope  and  love  for  six  weeks.  Quickly  we  learn 
we  are  failures.  We  fall  back  as  far  or  further  than  the 
point  at  which  we  began.  No  man  knows  how  bad  he 
really  is  until  he  has  tried  very  hard  to  be  good.  Only 
those  who  resist  temption  know  how  strong  it  can  be- 
come. Bad  people  know  very  little  about  badness  for 
they  have  been  sheltered  by  giving  in. 

The  instant  we  try  to  live  by  faith  we  discover  ob- 

1.  Lack  of  interest  on  the  part  of  church  people 
(Mark  10:13). 

2.  Discouraging  circumstances  (Luke  5:18-19). 

3.  Unbelieving  friends   (Mark  5:3.5). 

4.  Scoffers  (John  9:24). 

Where  does  our  failure  leave  us?  Once  we  have  dis- 
covered our  failure,  God  can  get  to  work.  Our  spiritual 
bankruptcy  opens  Heaven's  vaults. 

IV.  God  provides  aids  to  build  our  faith 

A.  Signs,  miracles  and  wonders  fill  us  with  joy  as 
we  see  God  work   (E.\.  4:4-5). 

B.  The  Scriptures  verify  that  God  has  and  does  work 
(I  John  5:13). 

C.  Witnesses  corroborate  that  He  still  works  (John 

D.  After  all,  we  are  united  with  God,  so  how  can  we 
fail  (John  17:21). 


Faith  to  live  and  work  by! 

".  .  .  what  God  cares  about  is  not  exactly  our  actions. 
What  He  cares  about  is  that  we  should  be  creatures  of 
a  certain  kind  of  quality — the  kind  of  creatures  He 
intended  us  to  be — creatures  related  to  Him  in  a  certain 
way"  ( p.  125  "Mere  Christianity,"  C.  S.  Lewis  Fontana ) . 

We  must  realize  and  admit  our  spiritual  bankruptcy 
by  trying  to  be  good  and  failing.  "Trying  to  be  good 
does  not  gain  Heaven  but  shows  how  badly  we  need 

Leave  your  life  to  God.  Put  all  your  trust  in  Christ. 
Trust  that  he  will  share  His  perfect  obedience  with  us, 
and  that  He  will  make  us  like  Him. 

This  does  not  mean  we  stop  "trying."  To  trust  Him 
means  to  obey  Him  bul  not  quite  so  worriedly.  "Not 
hoping  to  gel  to  Heaven  as  a  rewai'd  for  your  actions, 
but  inevitably  wanting  to  act  in  a  certain  way  because 

a  first  faint  gleam  of  Heaven  is  already  inside  you" 
(p.  127  "Mere  Christianity,"  C.  S.  Lewis,  Fontana). 

"One  had  a  glimpse  of  a  country  where  they  do  not 
talk  of  those  things,  except  perhaps  as  a  joke.  Everyone 
there  is  filled  full  with  what  we  should  call  goodness  as 
a  mirror  is  filled  with  light.  But  they  do  not  call  it 
goodness.  They  do  not  call  it  anything.  They  are  not 
thinking  of  it.  They  are  too  busy  looking  at  the  Source 
from  which  it  comes"  (p.  128-129,  "Mere  Christianity," 
C.  S.  Lewis,  Fontana). 

Work  out  your  own  salvation  with  fear  and  tremb- 
liuif  for  it  is  God  who  worketh  in  you! 



T  WAS  RECENTLY  appointed  Brotherhood  Advisor 
for  the  Pennsylvania  District.  At  first  I  felt  reluct- 
ant to  accept  the  appointment,  but  when  I  thought  how 
important  it  is  to  train  our  young  men  in  the  church 
I  accepted.  I  will  need  the  co-operation  of  every  man 
and  boy  in  the  Pennsyh'ania  District. 

Men,  are  you  willing  to  give  just  a  little  of  your  time 
and  money  to  help  guide  our  boys  and  young  men  in 
the  Christian  way  of  life? 

Boys,  are  you  willing  to  give  just  a  little  of  your  time 
to  learn  more  of  the  teachings  of  Christ  and  how  to 
grow  into  a  mature  Christian  leader? 

I'm  here  to  help  botli  men  and  boys,  and  I  do  solicit 
your  prayers  that  God  will  help  me  in  this  -  so  import- 
ant task. 

Each  church  will  be  hearing  from  me  soon.  If  you 
wish  to  keep  one  jump  ahead,  you  can  organize  the 
Laymen  in  your  church  and  get  ready  for  action.  For 
the  small  churches  who  have  only  a  couple  men,  that 
will  be  enough  until  you  get  more,  but  organize. 

James  I.  Mackall 


president  I  have  stepped  out  in  faith  and  given 
the  O.K.  for  the  program  chairman  to  secure  the  ser- 
vices of  brother  Roy  LeTourneau  as  our  Laymen's 
Night  Speaker  on  Tuesday  night  of  General  Conference. 
Mr.  LeTourneau  is  one  of  the  heads  of  LeTourneau  Col- 
lege of  Longview,  Texas.  He  is  a  son  of  R.  G.  LeTour- 
neau who  pioneered  large,  earth  moving  machinery, 
founded  the  above  mentioned  college  and  still  serves 
on  its  board.  I  am  counting  on  you  to  come  through 
with  your  Public  Service  Offerings  to  help  defray  the 
expenses  of  this  outstanding  lay  speaker. 

I  have  several  things  on  my  mind  at  this  time.  I  am 
wondering  just  what  the  laymen  of  the  Brethren 
Church  are  doing  for  the  furtherance  of  the  kingdom 
of  our  Lord  and  Savior.  I  hear  men  say  "we  want  more 
to  do."  Men,  I  say  we  have  more  to  do  than  we  can 
handle.  The  Laymen  are  to  sponsor  and  furnish  leader- 
ship for  the  Boys  Brotherhood  Do  you  have  a  Boys 
Brotherhood  in  your  church?  If  not,  you  are  not  doing 
all  you  can.  Have  you  turned  in  names  for  the  Minis- 

March  15,  1969 

Page  Fifteen 

terial   Recruitment   Program?   If  not,   here  again   you 
are  not  doing  all  you  can. 

Please  send  in  your  national  dues  along  with  your 
list  of  names  and  addresses  of  your  local  officers  now. 

Last  year  only  nine  organizations  turned  in  their 
completed  goal  sheets.  In  case  you  are  not  aware  of  it, 
we  are  giving  a  nice  plague  to  the  organization  who 
has  the  highest  percentage  of  completed  goals.  Wash- 
ington, D.  C.  won  it  last  year.  There  is  still  time  for 
your  group  to  win.  May  tlio  Lord  bless  each  of  you. 

—  Richard  Reed 

Third  Church 

NINTEEN  men  assembled  in  the  social  rooms  of 
Third  Brethren  Church,  Johnstown,  Monday  eve- 
ning, January  27,  for  the  regular  "Men's  Night"  meet- 
ing. This  event  encompasses  the  Men's  Bible  Class  and 
The   Laymen's   Organization.   Clarence   Howard   is   the 

president  of  the  Bible  Class  and  Norman  Grumbling. 
Jr.  is  laymen  president. 

Considerable  attention  was  given  to  The  National 
Laymen's  Organization  pamphlet,  "Are  You  Aware." 
This  attention  will  be  reflected,  I'm  sure,  in  a  good 
offering  from  Third  Brethren  Laymen  at  the  General 
Conference  of  The  Brethren  Church  in  August. 

We  meet  the  last  Monday  night  of  each  month. 

Floyd  Benshoff 


*  I  'HE  executive  board  of  this  district  met  Sunday, 
1  January  26,  and  at  this  meeting,  among  other 
items  cared  for,  it  appointed  James  I.  Mackall  as  the 
district  Boys'  Brotlierhood  advisor.  Brother  Mackall  is 
a  very  busy  layman  in  the  Vinco  church.  He  is  a  past 
president    of   the   District   Laymen's   Organization. 

Leroy  Boyer,  sec. 


THE  GOODWILL  CLASS  paid  special  tribute  to  Mrs. 
Ruth  Diehl  for  her  twenty-five  years  of  teaching 
at  a  fellowship  meal  at  a  local  restaurant  February  8. 
Following  a  delicious  meal  the  class  president,  Evelyn 
Kerr,  suggested  that  February,  being  a  month  of  love, 
was  an  appropriate  time  for  the  class  to  show  their 
affection  for  Mrs.  Diehl.  The  program  of  the  evening 
was  in  her  honor.  There  were  29  in  attendance. 

Thelma  Jodry  read  a  poem  entitled  "The  Shared  Loaf" 
expressing  concern  for  the  giving  of  love  to  those  in 
need.  Louise  Bishop  read  Titus  2:1-8  from  "Today's 
English  Version"  illustrating  the  characteristics  of  a 
faithful  teacher.  Evelyn  Kerr  read  tiu'  following  Iribulc 
to  Mrs.  Diehl  for  tweiiij-five  year.s  (j|  taithtiil  .service 

"What  does  one  say  for  twenty-five  year.s  of  faithful 
and  dedicated  service?   A  'Thank  you?'  Of  course!   A 

medal — we  could  I  Expensive  gifts?  How  impractical  for 
one  who  wastes  not  our  Lord's  blessings. 

"This  one  has  seen  us  become  parents  and  grandpar- 
ents, has  shared  our  triumphs  and  our  sorrows,  seen 
our  faitli  carry  us  through  trials  and  good  fortunes,  as 
together  we  have  grown  in  His  service. 

"She  has  seen  our  children  grown  and  off  to  college, 
off  to  the  wars  to  serve  our  country  in  all  branches  of 
the  service — as  did  her  own  son — and  surely  her  pray- 
ers were  among  those  for  our  fighting  men. 

"In  twenty-five  years  there  must  have  been  days  when 
the  lieart  was  willing  but  the  body  cried  "no" — but  we 
never  knew!  Surely  sometimes  she  wondered  if  wo 
were  absorbing  very  much,  if  any,  of  her  well  prepared 
teachings.  But  we  were — though  oft  times  we  must 
have  seemed  apathetic. 

"Hers  were  always  willing  hands,  when  circumstan- 
ces demanded  thus:  fellowship  dinners,  family  dinners 
for  the  deceased,  departing  ministers  and  the  welcoming 
of  new  servants  of  God. 

"She  would  be  the  first  to  oppose  fanfare  sucli  as 
this,  but  we,  like  children,  want  to  show  our  high  regard 
for  this  kind.  Christian  woman  who  has  given  so  much 
of  her  time  and  talents  for  our  Christian  heritage. 

"Surely  the  Lord  must  be  destining  a  place  for  her. 

"What  does  one  say?  'Thank  you'  and  as  our  God 
above  will  surely  say  one  day,  'Well  done,  thou  good 
and  faithful  servant.'" 

.She  was  pieseiUed  <i  subsciiplion  lo  the  daily  Fori 
Wayne  .Journal  Gazettf,  a  copy  of  "The  Analyzed  Bible" 
by  G.  Campbell  Morgan  and  a  lovely  corsage.  The  table 
was  graced  with  an  appropriate  bouquet. 

'a;;e  Sixteen 

The  Brethren  Kvangelist 


Ephesians  3:18 

for  1968-69,  "Let  God's  Love  Prevail," 
has  tremendous  possibilities.  It  is  most 
provocative.  I  was  pleased  when  I  heard 
it.  I  was  thrilled  when  I  saw  it.  It  is  pos- 
itive, forward  looking,  inspiring.  It  is  lib- 
erating in  its  thrust.  "Let  God's  Love  Pre- 
vail." God's  love  doesn't  have  to  bo  pro- 
tected, defended.  It  overflows,  it  over- 
whelms. All  that  is  necessary  is  to  turn  it 
loose.  The  theme  is  also  relevant.  Never 
before  in  the  history  of  mankind  has 
there  been  a  greater  need  for  God's  love 
to  be  spread  abroad  in  the  hearts  of  men. 
We  live  in  a  world  that  is  getting  smaller 
by  the  minute.  Men  are  still  born  alone, 
they  still  die  alone  and  they  still  come  to 
Jesus  alone,  but  the  modern  world  is  forc- 
ing them  to  live  most  of  their  waking 
hours  together.  Interdependence  has  .sup- 
planted independance  as  the  rule  of  life. 
We  live  in  a  world  that  suffers  from 
racial  strife.  Not  only  the  United  States 
but  many  nations  suffer  from  the  attacks 
of  this  demon.  We  live  in  a  world  tliat 
exists  under  the  shadow  of  the  atomic 
question  mark.  We  live  in  a  world  where 
the  majority  of  mankind  is  poor  and 
hungry — 10,000  human  beings  die  of  star- 
vation every  day.  Over  one-half  of  the 
world's  three  billion  people  live  in  per- 
petual hunger.  In  1968  we  have  a  bumper 
crop  of  wheat  with  prices  at  the  lowest 
point  since  the  depression.  And  in  the 
U.S.  the  family  pet  dog  eats  better  than 
I  he  average  laborer  in  India.  Asia,  with 
one-half  of  the  world's  population,  has 
only  one-fourlh  of  the  world's  tood  sup- 
ply. We  live  in  a  world  that  is  plagued  by 

a  population  explosion  that  is  raising  the 
threat  of  malnutrition,  disease  and  civil 
strife.  Out  of  this  background,  Pope  Paul 
VI  issued  his  long  awaited  encyclical,  "Of 
Human  Life,"  reaffirming  in  sweeping 
terms  the  church's  historic  stand  against 
all  artifical  means  of  preventing  child- 
birth. We  live  in  a  world  that  is  roughly 
one-third  Christian  and  this  is  speaking 
loosely  indeed.  North  Africa,  once  soundly 
Christian,  the  home  of  the  great  Augus- 
tine, today,  finds  that  only  two  out  of 
every  1,000  persons  there  are  Christian. 
Five  of  every  six  are  Mohammedan.  In 
Asia,  where  Jesus  was  born,  where  the 
church  began,  where  the  first  missionaries 
were  sent  from,  one  finds  that  one  of 
every  thousand  persons  is  an  evangelical 
Christian.  Seven  of  every  eight  are  Mo- 

This  is  the  world  in  which  we  live  and 
it's  crying  for  revelation  of  God's  love 
and  the  application  of  God's  love  in  terms 
that  it  can  understand.  So  I  say,  "Let 
God's  Love  Prevail." 

Before  I'm  found  guilty  of  taking  a 
text  and  going  everywhere  preaching,  it 
is  fitting  that  wo  should  look  at  the  con- 
text of  the  theme.  The  larger  context  is 
the  book  of  Ephesians.  It  is  about  the 
church.  In  chapter  one  there  is  the  "Intro- 
duction to  the  Church."  One  phrase  stands 
out  for  it  occurs  five  times  in  the  first 
chapter  and  fifteen  times  throughout  the 
epistle.  It  is  "in  Christ."  Another  charac- 
I eristic  expression  is  the  phrase  "in  the 
heavenlies."  By  this  Paul  draws  atten- 
ii(in  lu  the  spiritual  spheie  in  which  Chris- 
tianity  operates.   Paul   was   thrilled   with 

Miuvli    15,   l}»«9 

Page  Seventeen 




the  thought  that  even  before  the  world 
was  formed  God  chose  to  have  a  holy 
people,  blameless  and  full  of  love.  He  in- 
tended these  people  to  be  his  sons  through 
Jesus  Christ.  A  new  family  was  planned 
which  would  be  a  witness  to  His  Grace 
in  human  life  to  such  an  extent  that  men 
would  praise  God  for  it. 

In  chapter  two  the  "Church's  Experi- 
ence" is  related  as  we  are  introduced  to 
God's  workmanship.  Of  utmost  impor- 
tance to  any  workman  is  his  raw  material. 
In  this  case  the  raw  material  is  not  in  the 
least  bit  promising.  It  is  marked  as  spir- 
itually dead  because  of  disobedience  and 
sin,  commitment  to  the  methods  of  this 
present  evil  age,  allegiance  to  the  spirit 
which  makes  men  disobey  God  and  indul- 
gence in  a  life  of  passion  (2:l-3i. 

It  is  good  to  note  that  when  Paul  con- 
templates the  hopelessness  of  man.  he 
never  stops  there  but  goes  on  to  meditate 
about  God's  grace.  He  describes  the  char- 
acter of  God  in  the  following  terms:  (li 
God's  mercy  is  so  abundant  (2)  God's 
love  is  so  great.  The  wealth  of  His  grace 
and  the  greatness  of  His  love  took  action 
when  men  were  still  hidden  in  their  sin- 
ful state  (2:4,  5).  God's  mericiful  action 
is  threefold.  First,  we  are  revitalized  be- 
cause we  have  new  life  in  Christ.  Second, 
we  are  resurrected  in  that  we  share  in 
the  resurrection  of  Christ.  Third,  we  are 
rewarded  for  we  sit  in  heavenly  places 
with  Christ. 

No  one  has  ever  been  more  conscious 
of  the  futitity  of  trying  to  save  himself 
than  the  Apostle  Paul.  That  is  why  he 
declares,   "For  it  Is  by  Gods  grace  that 

you  have  been  saved,  through  faith.  It  is 
not  your  own  doing  but  God's  gift"  (Eph. 
2:8  TEV).  The  deep  struggles  of  the  mind 
and  the  spirit  which  preceded  the  great 
surrender  on  the  Damascus  road  had  im- 
pressed on  Paul  the  perilous  dangers  of 
trusting  in  his  own  achievements.  The 
truth  is  this,  "God  is  our  Maker,  we  are 
his  workmanship,  created  in  Christ  Jesus 
for  a  life  of  good  works  which  he  has 
already  prepared  for  us  to  do"  (2:10  TEV). 
Those  who  have  been  newly  created  in 
Christ  are  not  a  collection  of  isolated  in- 
dividuals, "Lone  Ranger  Christians,"  they 
are  a  part  of  the  corporate  body.  This 
thought  leads  the  Apostle  to  dwell  on  the 
unity  which  has  been  achieved  between 
Jew  and  Genti'e.  It  was  unthinkable  to 
Paul  that  a  Gentile  Church  and  a  Jewish 
Church  should  exist.  Unity  was  all-im- 
portant. I  wonder  what  the  Apostle  Paul 
would  think  of  the  Brethren,  the  Church 
of  the  Brethren,  the  Brethren  in  Christ, 
the  United  Brethren,  the  Mennonite  Breth- 
ren and  some  290  other  Protestant  denom- 
inations. The  purpose  of  Christ  was  to 
make  one  group  out  of  the  two,  which 
meant  making  an  entirely  new  whole. 
Both  were  transformed  and  peace  was  the 
result  (Eph.  2:12-22). 

In  chapter  three  of  Ephesians,  the  sub- 
ject is  the  "Mystery  of  the  Church."  The 
secret  is  this  (3:6).  .  .  "members  of  the 
same  body."  The  body  metaphor  draws 
attention  to  the  unity  of  the  Jews  and 
Gentiles.  It  expresses  the  incompleteness 
of  the  body  without  the  head  and  also 
the  incompleteness  of  the  head  without 
the  body.  In  other  words,  the  church  is 

Piige  Eighteen 

Tlie  Brethren  Evangelist 

Christ's  arms  and  feet  on  earth,  without 
which  Pie  cannot  fulfill  His  true  function. 
The  fulness  of  Christ  finds  a  chosen  out- 
let in  the  church. 

The  Apostle  proceeds  to  describe  the 
making  of  his  own  ministry  (3:7).  Then 
he  prays  for  the  church.  He  prays  that 
it  will  have  inward  strength  to  become 
a  spiritual  powerhouse.  He  prays  that 
Christ  will  make  His  home  in  believers' 
hearts.  Paul  envisages  for  Christians  a  life 
in  which  Christ  assumes  the  mastery,  a 
life  in  which  Christ  has  His  dwelling 
place  in  every  action  and  thought.  He 
prays  for  comprehension  of  the  incompre- 
hensible. "That  you  may  grasp,  under- 
stand, experience  the  dimensions  of 
Christ's  love  and  thus  be  filled  with  the 
perfect  fulness  of  God"  (Amplified  N.T. 
3:19).  God's  love  is  a  major  theme  in 
Scripture.  Texts  such  as  John  3:16,  I  John 
4:10,  Romans  5:8,  I  Corinthians  13:13 
bear  this  out.  The  greatest  of  .  .  .  all  is 
love    (Mark   12:28-31). 

Now  returning  to  the  book  of  Ephesians. 
chapter  4,  we  note  that  Paul  having  en- 
treated God  on  behalf  of  his  readers, 
next  entreats  his  readers  on  behalf  of 
God  (4:1-7,  11-12).  Paul  is  saying  that  love 
is  basically  a  positive  response  to  a  prior 
love.  Love  is  created  when  the  spirit  of 
love  takes  over  a  human  life  to  incarnate 
the  teaching  of  divine  truth.  Love  is  not 
merely  something  that  we  sing  about, 
"Love  divine  all  loves  excelling,  joy  of 
heaven  to  earth  come  down  .  .  .  Love  isn't 
just  a  good  idea  such  as  "Lo\e  your  ene- 
mies." Love  cannot  and  dare  not  be  limited 
to  cliches  and  generalities.  Love  always 
moves  to  action.  "For  God  so  loved  the 
world  that  he  gave.  .  ."  (John  3:16).  "Here- 
in is  love,  not  that  we  loved  God  but  that 
he  loved  us  and  gave.   .   ."  I  John  4:8). 

Thus,  when  a  man  becomes  a  believer, 
he  does  not  retreat  from  his  responsibil- 
ities as  a  member  of  society;  quite  the 
opposite.  He  takes  his  place  in  the  tradi- 
tion of  Moses.  Amos,  Hosea,  Isaiah,  Micah. 
Jeremiah,  Mary,  James  and  John  the  Bap- 
tizer.  It  is  not  surprising  that  the  Ameri- 
can plantation  slaves  seized  upon  Moses 
standing  before  Pharoah  and  crying  out, 
"Let  my  People  Go!"  as  their  spokesman 
nearly  3,000  years  after  his  day.  Moses 
is  the  liberator  who  leads  vicitimized  and 
oppressed  people  into  normal  place  in  the 
family  of  mankind.  Amos  was  the  proto- 
type of  every  pretesting  minority  as  he 
stormed  into  Bethel  crying,  "Let  justice 
roll  down  like  the  waters,  and  righteous- 
ness like  an  ever-flowing  stream."  The 
shepherd  from  Tekoa  applies  the  divine 
plumbline  to  such  widely  scattered  issues 
as   race,   poverty,   war,   real   estate  profi- 

teering  and   discrimination   against   min- 

As  Sherwood  Wirt,   editor  of  Decision 
magazine  writes  in  his  book  The  Social 
Conscience  of  the  Evangelical,  "The  early 
Hebrews   learned   at   the   foot   of   Mount 
Sinai  that  in  the  sight  of  God  there  is 
indeed   a   difference   between   the   sacred 
and  the  profane,  but  there  is  no  differ- 
ence between  the  spiritual  and  the  social. 
Social  wrongs  to  God  are  moral  wrongs." 
Dr.  Wirt  suggests  that  the  social  con- 
sciousness of  John  the  Baptist  could  have 
been  the  result  of  the  influence  of  Mary 
the   mother   of   Jesus.   Her   "Magnificat" 
sparkles   with   social  awareness  and  has 
been  called  the  battle  hymn  of  democracy. 
Be  that  as  it  may,  John  was  an  authentic 
prophet    in    the    Hebrew    tradition    who 
the  universality  of  man 
the  voluntary  distribution  of  wealth 
the  sharing  of  surplus  food 
the  necessity  of  repentance 
high  ethical  standards 
and  denounced  corruption  in 
John   the   Baptist   did   not   by-pass   social 
issues  in  his  role  as  forerunner  and  pro- 
claimer  of  the  Messiah. 

Jesus  standing  on  the  shoulder  of  John, 
exhibiting  the  kind  of  life  that  God  in- 
tends every  man  to  live,  manifested  a 
social  passion  to  match  that  of  the  Old 

The  Gospels  represent  Jesus  as  a  champ- 
ion of  the  economically  dispossessed. 
He  exalts  lo\'e  for  neighbor  along  with 

love  for  God. 
He  reaches  out  to  foreigners  who  are 
beyond  the  borders  of  the  "Israel  of 
He  seeks  release  of  prisioners,  captives, 

He  denounces  religious  leaders  who  de- 
vour the  homes  of  widows. 
He  insists  that  a  man  put  the  care  of 
his    own   parents    ahead   of   his   obli- 
gations to  his  religion. 
His    treatment   of   women   is   radically 

opposed  to  the  pictures  of  that  day. 
He  exhibits  sympathy  and  understand- 
ing toward  children. 
He  operates  an  out-patient  clinic  wher- 
ever he  happens  to  be. 
He  insists  upon  justice  as  a  basis  for 

everyday  dealing  between  citizens. 
His  social  teaching  is  found  in  parables 

like  the  "Good  Samaritan." 
If  one  summary  statement  of  his  eth- 
ics can  be  made,  it  is  that  love  of  God  is 
best  shown  by  love  of  fellow  man.  The 
master  motive  of  His  life  was  love,  love 
for  the   Father  and   love  for  the  world. 

Maicli  15,  1969 

Page  NineteeD 

This  is  apparent  from  thie  story  ot  the 
"Good  Samaritan."  Here  the  context  is  a 
discussion  of  love  (Lul^e  10:25-28).  The 
lawyer  questioning  Jesus  calls  for  a  defin- 
ition of  terms.  After  all  this  is  His  task, 
defining  and  refining.  Jesus,  in  reply, 
gives  no  definition  but  instead  describes 
a  situation  (Luke  10:29-37).  Following  the 
illustration  He  draws  this  conclusion: 
"You  go,  then,  and  do  the  same."  Now 
the  truth  expressed  is  this: 

You  don't  show  love  by  singing  about  it. 

You  don't  show  love  by  writing  a  book 
about  it. 

You  don't  show  love  by  talking  about  it. 
Our  love  for  God  is  shown  by  something 
we  do.  "You  go  then  and  do  the  same." 

From  the  story  it  is  apparent  that  love 
sends  us  to  people  where  they  are.  The 
priest  and  the  Levite  could  have  respond- 
ed to  the  man  in  need  with,  "Why  doesn't 
he  go  to  our  clinic?"  Today  some  say, 
"They  know  the  church  is  here.  They  can 
come  if  they  want  to."  But  the  Samaritan 
"went  to  him"  where  he  was.  He  got  down 
off  his  social,  economic,  theological  and 
organizational  stilts  and  ministered  to  the 
man  in  need  where  he  was. 

Second,  it  is  apparent  from  the  story 
that  love  enables  us  to  see  others  as  they 
are.  The  priest  and  the  Levite  saw  only 
the  repulsive  externals,  blood  and  crime, 
and  dirt.  The  Samaritan  saw  a  man  in 
need,  a  fellow  human  being. 

Third,  it  is  to  be  noted  from  the  account 
that  love  equips  one  to  feel  with  people. 
The  priest  and  the  Levite  evidently  re- 
sponded with,  "Tcht,  Tcht,  Tcht,  -  Too 
bad."  In  contrast,  the  Samaritan  has  a 
heart  that  "was  fiUed  with  compassion." 
He  didn't  liave  only  good  intentions.  He 
expressed  sympathy.  He  had  the  ability 
to  feel  with  the  man.  He  identified  with 
the  man  in  his  need. 

Fourth,  it  is  evident  trom  this  stor\ 
that  love  lifts  people  out  of  their  need. 
Love  doesn't  just  feel.  It  is  not  simply 
good  intentions.  It  is  not  vague  general- 
ities. Love  leads  to  action.  Note  what  the 
Samaritan  did. 

He  gave  of  his   substance — poured   oil 
and  wine  on  his  wounds. 

He    gave    of    his    skill — bandaged    his 

He    gave   of   his    conveyance — set    him 
on  his  own  animal. 

He  gave  of  his  time — took  him  to  an  inn. 

He  gave  of  his  funds — two  silver  coins 
equal  to  two  days  wages. 
He  gave  all  this  to  see  the  man's  recovery. 

Now  I  would  remind  you  once  again 
that  the  context  is  love.  If  you  love  God, 
you  will  love  your  neighbor.  You  go,  then, 
and  do  the  same.  .  .  Let  God's  love  pre- 

vail. This  is  what  Jesus  did.  You  go,  then, 
and  do  the  same. 

Perhaps  you  are  thinking  that  this 
sounds  too  much  like  a  revival  of  the 
social  gospel.  Permit  me  to  introduce  at 
this  point  the  writing  of  Dr.  Timothy 
Smith  who  carefully  documents  the  little 
known  fact  that  the  social  gospel  took 
its  roots,  not  in  religious  hberalism  or 
skepticism,  but  in  the  evangelical  revival 
of  the  19th  century.  When  the  social 
gospel  first  appeared,  it  was  a  serious 
evangelical  effort  to  apply  the  compassion 
of  Christ  to  the  lives  of  men.  After  the 
Civil  War  and  Reconstruction  Period,  the 
cliaracter  of  the  social  gospel  changed. 
New  leaders  appeared  and  joined  their 
sympathies  to  the  growing  working  class 
movement.  Such  action  aroused  the  ire 
of  well-to-do  conservative  elements  in  the 
established  churches.  These  elements  sus- 
pected deviations.  They  became  Pharisa- 
ical defenders  of  the  faith  who  strain 
out  knats  and  swallow  camels.  Much  en- 
ergy was  consumed  in  defending  lost 
causes  which  the  Bible  never  set  forth 
and  which  Christ  never  championed.  To- 
day we  look  back  with  affection  upon  the 
stout-hearted  zealot  who  fought  for  the 
purity  of  the  faith.  However,  his  short- 
comings are  obvious  at  this  juncture  in 
history.  His  premises  were  sound,  his  logic 
sustained,  but  he  failed  to  look  out  for  the 
needs  of  his  neighbors.  His  social  con- 
science went  into  rigor  mortis. 

The  evangelical  of  the  sixties  is  emerg- 
ing from  his  Rip  Van  Winkle  sleep.  He 
wants  the  church  to  return  to  its  historic 
Biblical  position  of  concern  for  society. 
This  is  apparent  from  several  sides. 

First,  the  National  Association  of  Evan- 
gelicals meeting  last  April  in  the  city  of 
"Brotherly  Love"  had  their  convention 
reported  in  Clu-istianity  Today  in  the  fol- 
lowing terms:  "A  Stirring  of  the  Con- 

"A  feeble  awakening — but  an  awaken- 
ing nonetheless.  With  quiet  candor,  and 
at  times,  courage,  a  number  of  evangel- 
icals addressed  themselves  to  social  prob- 
lems of  the  day,  particularly  tensions 
between  the  races."  General  Director, 
Clyde  W.  Taylor,  said,  "evangelicals  must 
take  a  renewed  interest  in  the  public  life 
of  our  country,"  and  urged  those  present 
lo  meet  "physical  needs,  help  with  the 
social  problems,  care  for  the  sick." 
Brethren,  we  are  members  of  N.A.E.  Our 
delegates  were  present  at  that  convention. 

Second,  many  Brethren  congregations 
lit  our  day  are  no  longer  the  fundamental 
enclaves  they  were  in  the  thirties  and 
forties.  Many  of  our  congregations  want 
llteir   ministers   to   be  fervent,   dedicated. 

I'age  Twenty 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

evangelistic  and  Biblically  oriented,  plus 
a  new  element.  Many  of  our  congregations 
desire  a  pastor  who  is  imaginatively  and 
effectively  cognizant  of  I  he  social  ferment 
going  on  about  him.  Many  of  our  congre- 
gations want  pastors  who  are  socially  sen- 
sitive to  all  sides.  They  want  sermons  that 
will  help  a  person  deal  with  the  space  age 
in  the  mode  of  the  living  Christ.  Some 
congregations,  without  forsaking  their 
spiritual  heritage,  without  reducing  the 
content  of  the  Bible,  are  assisting  their 
members  in  finding  answers  for  the  prob- 
lems facing  society. 

Brethren,  we  stand  at  a  juncture  in  our 
own  liistory.  We  dare  not  continue  to  be 
defenders  of  the  Gospel.  We  must  become 
instruments  tlirough  which  the  love  of 
God  can  flow. 

It's  providential  that  Dr.  A.  T.  Ronk 
lias  recently  completed  the  book  History 
of  the  Bretlireu  Church.  Now  it  is  pos- 
.sible  for  all  Brethren  who  can  read  to 
gain  a  thorough  understanding  of  our 
true  spirit.  Before  this  book  this  was  the 
realm  of  the  scholar.  Today,  thanks  to 
Dr.  Ronk,  the  traditions  of  the  Brethren 
are  open  and  available  to  all. 

Together  we  can  understand  from 
whence  we  have  come,  who  we  are  and 
which  direction  we  should  take  in  the 
future.  Let's  not  despise  our  history.  Let's 
appreciate  it.  Let's  understand  it.  Only  by 
doing  this  can  we  be  free  to  act  from  it 
and  not  be  bound  by  it. 

Dr.  Ronk  has  helped  us  to  see  that  the 
essence  of  the  Brethren  Church  is  cap- 
tiu-ed  in  our  name,  Bretliren.  We  call  each 
other  Brother.  Our  imiqueness  is  a  style 
of  life  characterized  by  openness  and  free- 
dom based  on  Jesus'  words  concerning  the 
abundant  life.  In  tlie  ISSO's  we  received 
the  label  of  "Progressive  Brethren."  It  is 
my  judgment  that  we  lost  tills  designation 
in  the  twenties  and  thirties  as  we  became 
defenders  of  God,  protectors  of  God's 
Word,  biblicists.  We  lost  the  essence  of 
what  it  means  to  bo  Brethren,  brothers 
in  the  Lord  dwelling  together  in  love  and 

Listen  if  you  will  to  the  words  of  a  great 
sage.  These  are  not  the  words  of  a  young- 
blood  but  those  of  a  sage  as  he  analyzes 
from  our  history  the  essence  of  the  pro- 
gressive Brethren  spirit. 

"When  one  reads  the  portion  of  Mack's 
writing  called  Rights  and  Ordinances  of 
the  House  of  God,  in  the  form  of  father 
and   son  conversation,  it  is  easy  to  con- 

clude that  the  entire  section  records  the 
processes  through  which  they  arrived  at 
their  settled  doctrine.  By  settled  doctrine 
is  meant  settled  for  the  time.  Those  Breth- 
ren knew  they  had  not  arrived  at  the 
final  state  of  full  knowledge,  for  Mack's 
36th  answer  confesses  that,  "We  have 
learned,  and  must  continue  to  learn.  .  .' 
The  immediate  reference  to  learning  was, 
of  love  in  discipline,  but  it  is  characteristic 
of  their  general  outreach.  It  was  the  spirit 
of  progressivism  that  they  found  in  the 
main  stream  of  Brethrenism  into  which 
they  were  daring  to  wade"  (History  of  the 
Bretlu-en  Church,  p.  38).  On  page  502  of 
the  above  work,  progressivism  is  defined 
in  the  following  way:  "The  words  Pro- 
gressive and  Progressivism  were  much 
misunderstood  and  misused  at  one  time  in 
Brethren  History.  It  designated  an  atti- 
tude of  some  of  the  German  Baptist  mem- 
bers regarding  the  question  of  personal 
appearance  and  methods  of  gospel  witness 
in  opposition  to  the  established  order. 
Those  who  advocated  personal  liberty  in 
dress,  or  the  use  of  evangelistic  meetings, 
Sunday  Schools,  a  paid  ministry,  educa- 
tion, a  free  press,  etc.,  were  called  pro- 
gressives. True  progressivism,  as  defined 
for  this  study,  is  growing  in  knowledge 
and  spiritual  magnitude." 

Yes,  tlie  essence  of  the  Brethren  Church 
IS  found  in  brotherliness.  Defensive  and 
divisive  action  destroy  brotherliness.  The 
Brethren  Church  cannot  go  on  without 
brotlierliness  because  brotherliness  is  our 
essence.  When  we  cease  to  be  brotherly, 
the  Church  of  Jesus  Christ  will  continue, 
but  we  will  cease  to  be  a  part  of  that 
greater  Church. 

Only  as  we  act  in  a  brotherly  way  to- 
ward one  another  and  to  all  men  do  we 
have  any  right  to  exist.  When  brotherli- 
ness ceases,  God  will  go  elsewhere.  God 
will  use  other  people.  Our  task  is  to  let 
God's  love  prevail. 

This  past  summer  I  was  privileged  to 
visit  the  Holy  Land.  On  our  travels  our 
group  stopped  at  the  city  of  Nablus  situ- 
ated between  the  two  mountains  of  Ger- 
izim  and  Ebal.  Nearby  is  located  Jacob's 
well.  In  the  area  resides  one  of  the  two 
remaining  colonies  of  Samaritans.  They 
still  sacrifice  lambs  on  Mount  Gerizim. 
They  still  maintain  a  synagogue.  They 
still  display  what  they  claim  to  be  a  3600- 
year-old  scroll  of  the  Pentateuch.  They 
are  blind,  feeble,  irrelevant  defenders  of 
the  Laws  of  Moses.  God  save  us  from 
such  an  end.  Let  God's  Love  Prevail. 

This  is  the  Vice-Moderator's  address  present-* 
ed  at  the    1968  General  Conference. 

March  15,  1969 

Page  Twentj-oiu' 








It  has  been  said,  "A  lie  will  travel 
around  the  world  before  truth  can  get  its 
shoes  on."  As  baffling  as  this  may  be, 
it  certainly  testifies  that  man's  depravity 
provides  fertile  soil  for  delusions  and  lies. 
The  twentieth  century  marks  one  of  the 
most  sensational  in  history  in  terms  of 
man's  ingenuity  and  achievement.  How- 
ever it  is  paradoxical  that  man  at  the  same 
time  is  continually  susceptible  to  historical 
heresies.  Thus,  a  heresy  such  as  Universal- 
ism  revives  from  its  wounds  of  the  an- 
cient past  and  ensnares  man  with  the  sub- 
tlety that  was  present  in  the  Garden  of 

Neo-Universallsm  Defined 

Universalism  may  be  briefly  defined  as 
the  doctrine  of  the  ultimate,  eternal  well- 
being  of  every  person.  James  Packer  ex- 
plains Universalism  most  adequately  as 
he  states:  "Universalism  is  the  increas- 
ingly influential  belief  tliat  every  human 
being  whom  God  has  created,  or  will 
create,  will  eventually  enter  into  the  bliss 
prepared  by  God  for  them  that  love  Him 
...  In  its  modern  dress  it  is  an  optimism, 
not  of  nature,  but  of  grace.  Its  key- 
thought  is  not  that  no  one  is  bad  enough 
to  merit  damnation,  or  that  God  is  by 
nature    too    kind    to    inflict    it.    Its    key- 

ihcjughl.  rather,  is  thai  sovereign  grace 
will  not  have  triumphed  fully  or  finally 
until  every  member  of  our  hell-deserving 
race  is  safe  in  glory.  Universalists  are  con- 
vinced that  no  position  other  than  their 
own  can  do  iu.stice  to  the  graciousness 
of  God  "I 

Tlie  observation  made  by  Packer,  of 
distinguishing  between  the  historic  pos- 
ition of  Universalism  based  upon  nature 
over  against  Neo-Universalism  based  upon 
grace,   is  quite  valid. 

A  Brief  Historical  Slietcli 

This  doctrine  of  the  final  restoration 
of  all  things  and  the  ultimate  salvation 
of  all  men  is  not  new  in  the  theological 
world.  The  doctrine  has  a  pagan  form  and 
a  Christian  form.  The  pagan  form  is  sim- 
ply the  ultimate  well-being  of  every  per- 
son. Our  immediate  concern,  however,  is 
with  the  Christian  form. 

In  the  Christian  form  of  this  doctrine 
one  can  go  back  as  far  as  the  Anti-Nicene 
Fathers  and  find  a  somewhat  developed 
system  of  Universalism.  The  great  early 
Church  apologist,  Origen,  is  credited  as 
having  a  theory  of  the  restoration  of  all 
things.  However,  it  appears  to  have  been 
a  product  of  his  youthful  thinking  and 
modified  in  his  later  years.  Philip  Schaff, 
a  notable  liistorian  confirms  this  as  he 
states:  "Origen  was  the  first  Christian 
Universalist.  He  taught  a  final  restoration, 
but  witli  modesty  as  a  speculation  ratlier 
than  a  dogma,  in  his  youthful  work  de 
Prineipiis  (written  before  231).  .  .  In  his 
later  writings  there  is  only  faint  traces 
of  it;  he  seems  at  least  to  have  modified 
it,  and  exempted  Satan  from  final  repen- 
tance and  salvation,  but  this  defeats  the 
end  of  the  theory."- 

Origen  was  not  alone  since  a  number 
of  the  early  Church  Fathers,  at  least  in 
measure,  held  to  the  universalistic  theory. 
For  example,  Clement  of  Alexandria  (A.D. 
220),  considered  that  God  carried  on  his 
purification  of  man  in  eternity.  Gregory 
of  Nyssa  (A.D.  394),  believed  in  the  ulti- 
mate annihilation  of  all  evil.  Didymus  of 
Alexandria  (A.D.  395)  embraced  Origen's 
theory  on  the  conversion  of  devils.-' 

Universalism  found  its  way  into  a 
number  of  countries  such  as,  Germany, 
England,  Scotland,  and  others  up  into 
the  eighteen  century.  Since  this  paper  is 
not  intended  to  be  a  historical  treatise  it 
will  dispense  with  any  discussion  in  these 
areas.  However,  it  might  be  well  to  men- 
tion that  Universalism  found  its  way  into 
America  from  England  under  such  men 
as  James  Relly,  John  Murray,  and  the 
historian,  Richard  Eddy.-t  Eventually,  Uni- 
versalism gained  great  strides  in  America 
but  not  without  great  opposition.  It  found 
its   greatest  expression  when  it  was  ab- 

I'ngc  Twenty-two 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

■^i.irhed  inln  l  lu;  1  IiuUhmhti  Mov  imikmiI  \\hiili 
was  for  a  number  of  years  h  ihorn  in 
America's  side.  Unitarianism  at  one  point 
liad  completely  taken  over  Yale  University 
until  Timothy  Dvvight,  grandson  of  Jona- 
than Edwards,  took  the  presidency  and 
brought  about  a  complete  reversal  to 
evangelical  faith  by  preaching  the  auth- 
oritative Word  of  God.' 

Dr.  Arthur  Climenhaga  observes  that 
from  Origen  to  the  nineteenth  century 
the  main  stream  of  the  Church  stood 
firmly  against  the  various  expressions  of 
Universalism  as  heretical.^  The  modern 
resurgence  followed  World  War  II  (about 
19491.  Some  of  its  representatives  are 
Nels  F.  S.  Ferre  and  D.  T.  Niles.  Niles  is 
probablj'  more  articulate  in  some  ways 
because  of  his  book  "Upon  the  Earth" 
which  reflects  his  views. 

The  purpose  of  this  paper  is  to,  for  the 
most  part,  consider  the  reasons  for  the 
increasing  popularity  of  this  doctrine  in 
our  time.  It  will  also  be  its  purpose  to 
make  some  observations  as  to  what  effect 
it  has  logically  upon  some  of  the  major 
areas  of  Protestant  Christianity. 

Factors  that  Produce  Fertile  Soil 
for  Neo-Universalisin 

There  are  a  number  of  factors,  in  the 
writer's  opinion,  that  produce  the  kind 
of  soil  in  which  this  heresy  of  Universal- 
ism can  flourish  and  grow.  One  cannot 
point  to  anj'  single  factor  but  rather  they 
must  be  considered  in  their  collective 
sense  in  relation  to  the  doctrine. 
Tolerance  of  Protestant  Christianity 

As  we  observed  earlier.  Dr.  Climenhaga 
made  the  observation  that  the  main 
stream  of  the  Church  was  in  opposition 
to  this  doctrine  since  it  was  considered 
heresy.  Dr.  Climenhaga,  upon  making  this 
statement,  added:  "However,  it  should  be 
pointed  out  that  the  resurgence  of  Univer- 
salism in  our  day  has  found  a  spirit  of 
tolerance  by  the  Church."  The  Church  in 
its  quest  for  flexibility,  in  order  to  com- 
municate its  message,  has  forgotten  that 
it  is  to  be  the  custodian  of  the  changeless. 
The  Church  is  going  forth  as  it  were 
"walking  on  eggs"  when  it  should  be 
standing  firm  with  the  whole  armour  of 
God  unmoveable  in  its  truth. 
Universalisni's  Basic  Presuppositions 

These  presuppositions  include  two  major 
points,  namely,  (li  that  the  Bible  teaches 
universalism  and,  (2)  that  God's  character 
makes  ultimate  universal  salvation  im- 
perative. Universalism  serves  as  an  ex- 
ample and  warning  that  presupposition, 
if  not  carefully  determined,  can  lead  one 
ultimately  into  heresy  and  disaster.  Once 
a  presupposition  is  formed  it  is  impossible 
to  deviate  from  its  logical  flow  without 
reasoning  iUogically.  E.g.,  one  might  pre- 

siippcisc  (li  all  mallcT-  is  God  (2i  I  am' 
matter  i.'-ii  therefore.  [  must  be  Godl 
A  number  of  proof-texts  are  used  by 
Universalists  which  seem  to  lend  support 
to  their  argument.  For  example,  there  is 
the  statement  of  Jesus,  "And  I,  if  I  be 
lifted  up,  will  draw  all  men  unto  me" 
(John  12:32).  Paul's  statement  in  I  Timo- 
thy 2:4  is  also  used,  "Who  will  have  all 
men  to  be  saved  and  come  to  the  know- 
ledge of  the  truth."  Then  there  is  Peter's 
statement,  "God  is  not  willing  that  any 
should  perish  but  that  all  should  come 
to  repentance"  (II  Peter  3:9).  As  one 
examines  the  immediate  context  of  such 
passages,  as  well  as  the  total  context  of 
the  Bible,  he  will  discover  that  they  build 
on  a  foundation  of  sand.  It  is  strange  that 
oven  though  they  use  so-called  Biblical 
proof  for  their  position,  they  on  the  other 
liand  hold  a  very  dim  view  concerning  the 
authority  of  Scripture.  Louis  King  in  an 
article  written  for  the  Evangelical  Mis- 
sons  Quarterly  magazine  states:  "Univer- 
salists reject  the  evangelical  positive- 
authoritative  view  of  Scripture  on  the 
grounds  that  it  is  unpalatable  to  the  mod- 
ern scientific  mind.  .  .  Universalists  tend 
to  disregard  and  show  contempt  for  Scrip- 
ture. They  consider  reason  and  their  mor-  i 
al  sense  more  authoritative  than  the  i 
Bible."8  Harold  Lindsell  also  observes; 
"When  one  examines  the  Biblical  evidence  ■ 
against  universalism,  he  is  immediately 
struck  by  the  amount  of  data  against 
universalism  when  contrasted  with  few 
references   which    seem    to    favor   it."' 

The  Universalists'  view  of  God  is  based  ( 
upon  the  concept  that  He  is  a  God  of  love. 
They  insist  that  the  perfection  of  divine  I 
love  precludes  everlasting  punishment,  no  j 
matter  what  the  Bible  may  say.  The  prob-  i 
lem   is   that   God   is   patterned   after   the  ' 
universalist  himself,  equating  divine  with 
human  love.  He  therefore  concludes  that  I 
since  ho  himself  would  not  confine  any 
human    to    eternal    suffering,    neither    is  i 
God  capable  of  such  retribution. 

riie  Revolution  within  Society  and 

The  tone  of  society  today  has  become  : 
fertile  soil  for  Neo-Universalism.  The  in- 
dividual is  urged  to  "Do  his  own  thing." 
This  is  only  possible  as  one  becomes  con- 
vinced that  absolutes  and  historic  tabus 
have  lost  their  relevance  and  meaning. 
Walter  Lippman  poses  a  hypothetical 
situation  where  a  man  is  allowed  to  do 
what  he  likes  and  observes  that  it  is  full 
of  difficulties:  "Huxley  was  right  when 
he  said  that  'a  man's  worst  difficulties 
begin  when  he  is  able  to  do  as  he  likes.' 
The  evidence  of  these  greater  difficulties 
lie  all  about  us:  in  the  brave  and  bril- 
liant atheists  who  have  defied  the  Meth- 

Page  Twenty-three 

oriisl  God,  and  have  heixune  vtM-y  norvous; 
in  the  women  who  have  emancipated 
themselves  from  the  tyranny  of  fathers, 
liusbands,  and  homes,  and  with  the  inter- 
mittent but  expensive  help  of  a  psychoan- 
alyst, are  now  enduring  liberty  as  interior 
decorators;  in  the  young  men  and  women 
who  are  world-weary  at  twenty-two.  .  . 
These  are  the  prisoners  who  have  been 
released.  They  ought  to  be  very  happy. 
They  ought  to  be  serene  and  composed. 
They  are  free  to  make  their  own  lives. 
There  are  no  conventions,  no  tabus,  no 
gods,  priests,  princes,  fathers,  or  revela- 
tions which  they  must  accept.  Yet  the 
result  is  not  so  good  as  they  thought  it 
would  be.  The  prison  door  is  wide  open. 
They  stagger  out  into  a  trackless  space 
under  a  blinding  sun.  .  .  They  must  find 
their  own  courage  for  battle  and  their 
own  consolation  in  defeat.  "Where  is  my 
home?"  cried  Nietzsche:  "For  it  do  I 
ask  and  seek,  and  have  sought,  but  have 
not  found  it.  O  eternal  everywhere,  O 
eternal  nowhere,  O  eternal  in  vain."io 

Neo-Universalism  can  easily  move  into 
this  situation  and  give  hope  even  if  it  is 
false.  Contemporary  religion  snuggles 
down  beside  humanity,  supposedly  repre- 
senting the  Church,  and  says,  "We'll  do 
our  thing  together!"  The  emphasis  on  the 
secularization  of  the  Church  has  clouded 
the  real  hope  for  humanity  found  in  the 
mystical  union  with  God  through  Jesus 

The  Emphasis  upon  Natitral  Religion 
In  the  Colleges  and  Universities 

The  increasing  campus  populations  are 
being  e.xposed  to  the  concept  of  Natural 
Religion  which  in  turn  gives  additional 
fertility  for  Universalism  to  permiate 
future  leaders  in  societj'.  Natural  Religion 
works  on  the  premise  that  everyone  is 
created  with  a  divine  spark.  Therefore, 
every  major  religion  constitutes  a  partic- 
ular cultural  expression  of  that  spark. 
Thus,  Christianity  is  considered  as  just 
another  expression  of  the  original  spark 
born  in  man.  Christianity  then  must  rec- 
ognize the  grace  of  God  present  in  every 
religion  and  thus  cannot  be  judgmental  of 
any.  The  crux  of  the  matter  is  that  Chris- 
tianity is  not  simply  another  expression, 
it  stands  unique  in  itself.  It  has  a  unique 
revelation,  with  a  unique  messianic  hope, 
with  a  redemptive  message  that  revolu- 
tionizes and  actually  changes  the  heart 
of  man. 

The  Theologies  of  Karl  Barth, 
Existentialism,  and  Religionless 

Karl  Barth  has  continually  expressed 
his  displeasure  with  those  who  claim  that 
his  theology  culminates  with  a  univer- 
salistic  message.  In  fact,  he  resents  being 

c'lHssified  as  ;i  Ncmi-oi-i  hodux  theologian. 
Flip  reason  the  present  writer  of  this 
paper  feels  that  Earth's  theology  provides 
stimulus  to  Universalism  is:  U»  His 
theology  has  been  embraced  more  than 
any  other  among  Protestant  Christianity, 
and,  (21  Earth's  theory  of  Christ's  con- 
quering, what  he  terms,  the  chaos.  He 
states  that  life  after  death  is  a  mystery, 
a  chaos.  However,  it  is  a  threat  to  man, 
and  man  with  his  evil  nature  leans  to- 
ward that  so-Ccdled  "nothingness."  Christ, 
Barth  states,  in  His  redemptive  power, 
went  out  into  the  chaos  and  conquered 
it.  Thus,  we  must  tell  man  not  to  fear 
but  face  eternity  with  the  knowledge  that 
Christ  has  negated  its  threat.  Therefore, 
one  must  conclude  that  this  leaves  a  clear 
path  for  the  doctrine  of  Universalism! 
Existentialism  as  well  as  Religionless 
Christianity  emphasize  a  subjective,  hu- 
manistic, approach  to  life  with  no  positive 
hope  to  man  e.xcept  to  find  his  existential 
self  and  face  the  future  with  courage. 
What  about  his  fears  of  soul?  Universal- 
ism gives  him  an  alternate  answer! 

These  factors  give  us  some  idea  why- 
it  is  possible  for  Neo-Universalism  to 
flourish  in  our  day.  It  does  not  rise  up 
with  flowing  banner  bidding  for  the  de- 
votion of  men's  hearts.  It  simply  plants 
itself  into  the  soil  made  ready  by  these 
factors.  It  is  therefore  obvious  that  Neo- 
Universalism  entering  the  major  areas 
of  Protestant  Christianity  can  sap  it  of 
its  vitality  and  power.  Let  us  just  briefly 
observe  what  effect  is  made  upon  some 
of  these  areas. 

The  Effect  Upon  the  Preaching 
of  tlie  Gospel 

The  Neo-Universalist,  with  his  doctrine 
of  eternal  destinj'  based  upon  the  concept 
that  God  is  a  God  of  love,  as  well  as,  his 
emphasis  upon  Biblical  proof-texts  as  to 
the  final  restoration  of  all  things,  pro- 
vokes the  question,  "What  must  we 
preach?"  Berkouwer  states:  ".  .  .  Must  we, 
in  preaching,  inform  people  of  the  "logic- 
al" conclusion;  is  this  the  preaching  of 
the  Gospel?.  .  .  We  are  driven  to  ask,  is 
preaching  a  factual  communique  instead 
of  an  urgent  message  which  places  awful 
responsibility  on  the  hearer  and  calls 
him  to  a  decision?"'  i 

Universahsm  attempts  to  show  that  its 
doctrine  also  provides  a  kind  of  preaching 
that  set  man  before  responsibility,  but 
it's  not  clear  as  to  how  they  can  make 
men  feel  the  need  for  making  an  import- 
ant decision  in  view  of  God's  nature  lead- 
ing to  universal  redemption. 

The  Effect  Upon  Evangelism 
and  Alissions 

It  can  only  have  an  adverse  effect  upon 
the  missionary  program  and  its  impetus. 

Page  Twenty-four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

I'hi.s  holds  iriie  lo  evangelism  as  well 
Louis  King  gives  the  following  four 

"1.  It  cannot  help  but  blunt  the  evangel- 
istic effort   and  destroy  the   urgency 
of  preaching  to  the  lost. 
"2.  The    propelling    quality    of    genuine, 
compassionate  concern  for  those  who 
never  believed  or  never  heard  would 
be  absent  if  it  were  not  believed  that 
they  were  in  danger. 
"3.  Simply  to  inform  all  men  in  all  parts 
of  the  world  that  they  are  in  fact  re- 
deemed provokes  little  desire  to  obey 
the  Great  Commission. 
"4.  It   cannot   help   but   quench   the  Holy 
Spirit  whose  work  is  to  give  powerful 
impulses  to  witness.  The  Holy  Spirit 
came  into  the  world  to  "Reprove  the 
world  of  sin,  and  of  righteousness,  and 
judgment"  (John  16:8). i- 
Universalism  and  the  Ecumenical 
The  doctrine  can  blend  quite  easily  into 
the    hue    and    color    of    the    Ecumenical 
Movement.  The  one  world  church  concept 
in  which  one  can  make  a  distinction  be- 
tween the  visible  church  of  believers  and 
those   outside   the   church,   who   unknow- 
ingly partake  in  salvation."  The  Univer- 
salistic  view  within  the  Ecumenical  Move- 
ment would  mean,  (DA  woi'ldwide  church 
and  inclusivist   church.    (2)    It  would  in- 
clude whatever  theology  and  whatever  be- 
liefs there  may  be.  God  somehow  speaks 
through  all  of  them.    (3)    A  church  that 
has  no  desire  to  prophesy  against  unbelief 
or  paganism.  (4)  A  church  that  is  in  per- 

petuHl  dialogLie  wilh  all  the  great  pagan 
failhs  nf  the  world. 


One  could  apply  the  effects  of  Neo- 
Universalism  to  other  areas  of  the  spec- 
tum  of  Protestant  Christianity  and  find 
disturbing  results  in  each  area.  What  is 
the  answer  to  this  growing  problem  to- 
day? It  would  be  presumptuous  on  my 
part  to  think  there  is  any  easy  solution. 
However,  as  this  paper  is  concluded  may 
the  following  areas  at  least  be  considered 
as  a  possible  means  of  combatting  this 

First,  as  to  the  mission  field,  the  work 
such  as  is  being  done  by  the  Church 
Growth  Movement  seems  to  offer  some 
hopeful  action.  This  group  works  on  the 
principal  that  the  areas  showing  the 
greatest  growth  should  become  the  focal 
point  for  consentrated  effort.  Thus, 
strengthening  a  large  section  to  then  in 
turn  reach  out  to  the  lesser  areas  for 
more  effective  evangelism. 

Secondly,  that  united  evangelical  stim- 
ulation be  encouraged.  Develop  congresses 
on  Evangelism  such  as  was  held  in  Ger- 
many in  1966,  to  discuss  possible  strategy 
and  maintain  Biblical  authority. 

Thirdly,  set  in  force  new  methods  of 
indoctrination  of  the  young  as  well  as 
the  various  ages,  in  the  Church  program! 

Fourthly,  encourage  more  expository 
preaching  in  the  pulpits  with  provision 
made  for  discussion. 

Lastly,  a  better  trained  minister  with 
not  only  truth  in  his  possession  but  also 
the  fulness  of  grace  in  his  soul. 

Rev.  Kimber  is  a  student  at  Ashland  Theo- 
logical Seminary  and  this  paper  was  done 
for  a  class  in  missions. 


1.  James  Packer,  'Universalism  and  Evangelism"  One 
Race,  One  Gospel,  One  Task.  Vol.  II.  (Minneapolis: 
World  Wide  Publications,  1967)   p.  183. 

2.  Philip  Schaff,  History  of  the  Christian  Church  (New 
York:     Charles  Scribner's  Sons,  1896)  II,  611. 

3.  James  Hastings,  "Universalism"  Encyclopedia  of 
Keligion  and  Ethics  (New  York:  Charles  Scribner's 
Sons,  1922)  XII,  530,  531. 

4.  Hastings,  Ibid.,  pp.  531,  532. 

5.  Ibid. 

6.  Arthur   Climenhaga,    "Mission — and   Neo-Universal- 
ism"  Study  Papers,  Congress  on  Worldwide  Missons  i 
(Wheaton,  Illinois,  April  9-16,  1966)  P.  CL-1. 

7.  Climenhaga,  Ibid.,  CL-2. 

8.  Louis    King,    "New    Universalism:     Its    Exponents,  , 
Tenets,   and  Threats  to  Missions"  Evangelical  Mis- 
sions Quarterly,  Vol.  1,  Number  4,  1965,  pp.  2-5. 

9.  Harold   Lindsell,   "Universalism   Today"   Bibliotheca  i 
Sacra   (Dallas:     Dallas  Theological  Seminary)   Vol. 
122,  No.  483,  1964,  Part  II,  p.  36. 

10.  Walter  Lippman,  "The  Problem  of  Unbelief"  Con- 
temporary KeUgious  Thought  (New  York:  Abing- 
don-Cokesbury,  1941)   pp.  99,  100. 

11.  G.  C.  Berkouwer,  "Universalism"  Christainity  Today, , 
Vol.  I,  1957,  pp.  5,  6. 

12.  King,  Op.  Cit.,  pp.  10,  11. 

13.  J.   W.   Deenik,    "Universalism   and   the   Ecumenical 

Movement"    Clu-istian   Heritage,    November,    1965, 
pp.  6-9. 

March  15,  1969 

Page  Twenty-five 



SUCCESSFUL!  Exciting!  Profitable!  These 
are  some  of  the  comments  expressed  at  the 
ionckision  of  the  1969  Northern  Indiana  District 
Leadership  Training  Scliool. 

Over  150  persons  were  enrolled  in  the  classes 
A'hich  began  Januai'v  13  and  continued  through 
February  24.  Of  these,  122  persons  received  "Lead- 
jrship  Training  Certificates"  provided  by  the 
Board  of  Christian  Education. 

We  are  continually  being  challenged  by  the 
'principalities  and  powers  of  this  world"  as  we 
strive  to  l^e  more  effective  "Ambassadors  for 
I!hrist."  These  Brethren  are  to  be  commended  for 
;heir  efforts  to  "put  on  the  whole  armour  of  God" 
uid  provide  a  positive,  knowledgeable  witness  for 
Dhrist  and  the  church  in  their  communities. 

If  The  Brethren  Church  is  to  meet  the  growing 
challenge  of  this  secular  age,  it  must  pursue  a 
/igorous  training  program  which  will  equip  its 
nembership  for  mission  and  ministry  in  the 
vorld.  This  means  that  a  "once-over-lightly"  ap- 
proach to  training  must  be  rejected  in  favor  of  a 
;ontinuing  well  planned,  and  evenly  balanced  plan. 

Active,  dedicated  laymen  should  be  given  in- 
;tiiiction  in  many  areas,  including:  (1) Biblical 
;ontent,  (2)  Biblical  theology,  (3)  church  history, 
(4)  Christian  ethics,  (-5)  Church  polity  and  organ- 
zation,  and  (6)  the  performance  of  the  basic  func- 
;ions  of  the  church  (worship,  witness,  education, 
iiinistry,  and  fellowship).  We  can't  start  our 
:raining  programs  too  soon.  We  need  cajjable  lay- 
nen  and  their  leadership  now! 

Congratulations    to    the    following   persons   for 
completing  their  courses: 
Course:     Practice  Teaching 

by  Mrs.  Hubert  Miller 
iMarjorie  Kringh  Wai'saw 

ilrs.  Judy  Tinkel  Warsaw 

Mrs.  Hellen  Gillis  County  Line 

Mrs.  Naomi  Ford  County  Line 

Gai-y  Gill  Goshen 

Mrs.  Joann  Troeger  Goshen 

Mrs.  John  Baer  Goshen 

Mrs.  Shirley  Puro  Goshen 

Mrs.  Ruth  Kerlin  Jefferson 

Mrs.  Madeline  Keim  Jefferson 

Course:     Brethren  Church  History 

by  Rev.  Bradley  Weidenhamer 
Gerald  Chapala 
Mrs.  Phylis  Vandermark 
Liz  Basham 

Pearl  Basham 

Robert  Blake 

Mrs.  Caryl  Wogoman 

Mrs.  Mary  Smith 

j\Irs.  Jim     Moore 

Devon  Hossler 

Mrs.  Ruth  Lightfoot 

Orbie  Lightfoot 

Iva  Lozier 

Course:     How  To  Be  A  Camp  Counselor 

by  Rev.  Frank  Barker 
Kathy  Demien  Ardmore 

Joyce  Cole  Ardmore 










Winding  Waters 

Winding  Waters 


Page  Twenty-six 


Brethren  Evangelist 

James  Vandeniiark 


Albert  Curtright 


Carol  Boggs 


Inge  Mathews 


Kathie  Horn 


Mrs.  Norma  Gayer 


Rick  Basham 


Mrs.  David  Bowers 


Lai'ry  Robertson 


Roman  Mast 


Becky  Bai-ker 

County  Line 

ilrs.  George  Sheets 


Ivlrs.  Audrey  Barker 

County  Line 

Sanford  Goodrick 

South  Bend 

JoEllen  Troeger 


Course:     Solving  Problems  in 


Jan  Swartz 

New  Paris 

Education     by  Rev.  John  T 


Cheryn  Kerating 

Winding  Waters 

Don  Basham 


Teresa  Carl 

Winding  Waters 

IMelvin  Kring 


Dorcas  White 

Winding  Waters 

Everitt  Gillis 

County  Line 

Gail  Crossman 

Winding  Waters 

Lynn  Stump 


i\Iarcia  Schlarb 

Winding  Waters 

Ray  Yoder 


Course:     Church  Renewal 

by  Rev.  John 

Joe  Estep 


Brownsberger  and  Rev. 

Richard  Allison 

Jim  Lightfoot 

South  Bend 

Mrs.  Judith  Spratt 


Willodean  Bennett 


Mrs.  Alary  Mang'us 

County  Line 

Kenneth  Schaaf 


Forrest  Kerlin 


Conrad  Anderson 


Mrs.  Thelma  Mellinger 


Course:     Daniel  The  Prophet 

Ike  Mellinger 


by  Rev.  William  Anderson 

Mrs.  Hellen  Bowman 


Fred  Hord,  Sr. 


George  Kerlin 


Jay  Blake 


Mrs.  Larry  Gill 


Bertha  Wyatt 


Larry  Gill 


C.  William  Cole 


Mrs.  Robert  Strang 


Mrs.  Karen  Weidenhamer 


Mrs.  Fran  Wegmiller 


Anna  Estep 


Mrs.  Aletta  Schneider 


Mrs.  Viola  Curtright 


Dr.  Dan  Schneider 


Thedia  Rhodes 


Mrs.  Mary  Sechrist 


Mi-s.  Virginia  Hossler 


Jim  Moore 


Mrs.  Harry  Smith 

New  Pai-is 

Ardyce  Trygg 

North  Liberty 

Mrs.  Max  Smoker 

New  Paris 

Mrs.  Donna  Bennett 

North  Liberty 

Mrs.  William  Faii-weather 

New  Paris 

Lois  Scott 


Course:     How  To  Study  The 


Course:     Mission  Of  The 


by  Rev.  Charles  Lowmaster 

by  Rev.  Waldo  Gaby 

Marie  Fletcher 


Thomas  Beaver 


Harold  Whybrew 


Mrs.  Mary  Kerlin 


Debbie  Pem-od 

County  Line 

Mrs.  Emily  Allison 


Jean  Donahue 

County  Line 

j\lrs.  Florence  Johnston 


Mrs.  LaVonne  Berchiatti 


Mrs.  Dorothy  Kropf 


Mrs.  Kenneth  Dunlap 


Mrs.  Laurie  Slabaugh 


Mrs.  Elouise  Higgins 


Mrs.  ]\'Iyron  Culp 


Mrs.  Helen  Struble 


Gloria  Stump 


Sandy  K.  Gill 


0.  0.  Sechrist 


Mrs.  Lucille  Overholt 


Jack  Tobias 


Mrs.  Kenneth  Schmucker 


Mrs.  Richard  Best 


Sandra  Sharp 


Sally  Stump 


Mrs.  Lee  Doering 


Mrs.  Arlene  Oberly 

North  Liberty 

Mrs.  Milo  Mellinger 


John  Oberly 

North  Liberty 

Mrs.  Calvin  Lehman 


Mrs.  Kenneth  Schaaf 


H.  H.  Firestone 

South  Ben( 

Mrs.  Harriet  Taylor 


Alice  Schooley 


Course:     Group  Leadership 

Doyle  Webb 


by  Rev.  Kent  Bennett 

Kathy  Webb 


Mrs.  Joann  Huljei- 


Carol  Baugher 


■March  15,  1969 

Page  Twenty-seven 


WE  HAVE  added  five  new  members  so  far 
this  yeai'  which  makes  11  Juniors  and  20 
Jr.  High  and  Sr.  High's.  Our  Sunday  evening  at- 
tendance averages  from  25  to  30  each  week. 

The  following  officers  were  installed  by  oui- 
pastor  during  a  Sunday  morning  church  service: 

President  Denny  Yoder 

V.  President Greg  Hooley 

Secretary Jan  Swartz 

Treasurer Randy  Yoder 

Pianist  Jeannine  McGowan 

Song  Leader Nancy  Smoker 

In  September  we  had  a  picnic  and  swimming 
and  boating  party  at  the  home  of  Mr.  and  Jlrs. 
W.  H.  Swai-tz,  advisors  of  the  Jr.  and  Sr.  High 
group.  Nappanee,  Milford  and  Goshen  and  their 
advisors  were  guests;  we  never  did  get  an  exact 
count,  but  there  were  somewhere  around  70 

In  October  the  Juniors  with  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Robert 
Geiger,  advisors,  had  a  day-time  outing  and  the 
Seniors  had  a  hayride  ending  up  at  Dale  and  Dana 
Sommer's  woods  for  refreshments. 

This  year  we  held  our  second  annual  Youth 
Banquet   on   Saturday,   November  2,   1968,   with 

Rev.  Don  Rinehai-t,  who  was  holding  special  ser- 
vices in  our  church,  as  guest  speaker.  He  also 
entertained  the  group  with  folk  singing.  Another 
special  guest  was  Dr.  Shultz  who  always  adds 
extra  life  to  any  party.  Our  attendance  was  good 
-  47  -  and  everyone  had  a  good  time. 

A  new  experience  for  New  Paris  this  year  was 
to  host  the  Jr.  High  and  Sr.  High  District  Youth 
Rally.  There  were  around  200  in  attendance,  which 
really  had  the  walls  of  our  church  bulging.  The 
film  "Fast  Way  to  Nowhere"  was  shown  during 
the  evening. 

We  had  two  skating  parties  with  Milford  and 
Nappanee  with  two  more  coming  up  again  this 
year.  We  attended  a  hockey  game  at  Ft.  Wayne 
in  November  and  are  planning  to  go  again  in 

The  Youth  have  planned  the  programs  this 
year  which  have  included  skits,  films,  filmstrips 
and  question  and  answer  discussion  periods  with 
the  parents  also  participating. 

We  collected  gifts  for  Mental  Health  and  went 
carolling  at  Christmas  time  and  ended  the  year 
of  1C68  with  the  Youth  in  charge  of  games  at  the 
church's  Watch  Night  service. 

Jan  Swartz,  Secretary 

World   Religious   News 

in   Review 

IN   1999:    ONE-THffiD   OF 

Indianapolis  (EP)  —  One-third  of 
American  Protestants  will  be  united 
before  1999  and  tiie  churcli  of  tiiat 
20-year-period  will  undergo  "suffer- 
ing and  tribulation,"  Dr.  Harold  E. 
Fey  predicted  here. 

Dr.  Fey,  professor-emeritus  at 
Christian  Theological  Seminary,  is 
the  former  editor  of  Christian  Cen- 
tury, ecumenical  weekly.  He  wrote  on 
"The  Church  m  1999"  for  the  50th 
anniversary  issue  of  World  Call,  a 
magazine  of  the  Christian  Church 
(Disciples  of  Christ). 

World  Call  will  celebrate  its  an- 
niversary in  January.  Dr.  Fey  was 
its  editor  from  1932-1935. 

He  said  he  thankfully  anticipates 
the  union  of  one-third  of  the  U.S. 
Protestants  within  the  ne.xt  decade. 
Tlie  way  to  unity,  he  added,  is  being 
shown  by  the  Consultation  on  Church 
Union  (COCU),  representing  nine 
Pro'testant  denominations. 


IManaus,  Brazil  (EP)— The  last 
corpse  of  the  nine  man  expedition  to 
the  wUd  Ati\>aris  Indians  in  North 
Brazil  was  recovered  on  December 
2nd  by  memliers  of  the  Brazilian  Air 
Force,  according  to  missionary  journ- 
alist Peter  Cunliffe  in  Sao  Paulo. 

The  corpse  was  foiuid  near  the 
area  where  the  remains  of  eight  other 

bodies  were  found  previously.  Ne.xt 
to  the  corpse  were  found  a  foot  of 
another  person  and  a  hand  which  had 
been  bound  with  jungle  vine.  There 
were  evidences  that  the  Atroaris  In- 
dians attacked  the  group  cruelly, 
using  for  the  massacre  machetes  and 
large  wooden  clubs. 

The  team  of  nine  peraons,  headed 
by  Pr.  Joao  CaUeri,  an  Italian  priest, 
was  sent  l>y  the  Brazilian  government 
to  pacify  the  uncivilized  Indians  so 
tliat  a  new  liigliway  could  be  com- 
pleted between  the  cities  of  Manaus 
and  Boa  Vista.  The  Atroaris  live  in 
a  remote  jungle  some  300  miles 
north  of  the  Amazon  River  iji  North 
Brazil  between  tlie  cities  of  IVIanaus 
and  Boa  Vista. 

The  Unevangelized  Fields  Mission, 
Wycliffe  Bible  Translators  and  other 
ev'angelicaJ  groups  are  trying  to 
reach  Indian  groups  like  the  Atroaris 
with  the  Gospel  before  the  Indians 
are  killed  off  by  Brazilian  construc- 
tion workers  I)uilding  new  highways 
through  remote  areas  of  Brazil.  UFM 
has  been  worlving  for  some  time  in 
the  territoi-y  of  Roraima  wliere  the 
Atroaris  are  also  located. 

Page  Twenty-eight 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


Washington,  D.C.  (EP)  —  The 
37th  President  of  the  United  States 
told  2,000  persons  here  that  he  is 
confident  his  administration  can 
meet  tlie  challenges  it  faces  "because 
we  are  sustained  and  inspired  by 
the  prayers  of  millions  of  people." 

President  Richard  M.  Nixon  ad- 
dressed the  2,000  people  at  the  17th 
annual  president  prayer  breakfast, 
speaking  for  about  five  minutes. 

He  has  made  it  a  practice  since 
entering  the  White  House,  Mr.  Nixon 
said,  to  spend  a  little  time  each 
night  reading  a  sample  of  the 
thousands  of  letters  Americans  have 
sent  him. 

"Even  in  this  period  when  religion 
is  not  to  be  fashionable,"  he  declar- 
ed, "more  than  half  of  the  letters 
stated  in  effect,  'We're  praying  for 
you,  Mr.  President.'  " 

With  Mr.  Nixon  in  the  Sheraton 
Park  Hotel  were  all  12  members  of 
his  Cabinet  and  their  wives,  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Spiro  Agnew  and  leaders 
of  the  House  and  Senate. 

Vice  President  Agnew  read  the 
Scripture  passage,  a  portion  of  the 
beatitudes  from  Jesus'  Sermon  on 
the  Mount. 

Evangelist  BiUy  Graham  delivered 
the  main  address  but  cut  short  his 
remarks  because  so  much  time  was 
consumed  in  the  preliminaries. 

He  said  America  can  solve  its 
problems  of  war,  racial  conflict  and 
poverty  only  if  it  first  resolves  its 
"crisis  of  the  spirit." 

The  breakfast,  as  usual,  was 
staged  by  International  Christian 
Leadership  of  this  city.  ICL's  Exec- 
utive Secretary  Dr.  Richard  C.  Hal- 
verson  was  invited  by  President 
Nixon  to  speak  at  the  February  2 
worship  service  at  the  White  House. 


Chicago  (EP)  —  Many  student 
protesters  today  have  a  legitimate 
gripe  against  American  education, 
Evangelist  Billy  Graham  admitted 
at  Youth  for  Christ  International's 
25th  anniversary  banquet  here. 

Addressing  some  2,000  people  at 
the  Conrad  Hilton  Hotel,  YFC's  first 
full-time  evangelist  charged  that 
"education  has  failed  to  answer  the 
students'    basic   question:    'What    is 

the  purpose  of  my  individual  ex- 
istence?'  " 

"I  know  rabblerousers  and  anar- 
chists have  stirred  up  some  of  the 
trouble,"  the  50-year-old  evangelist 
said,  "but  much  of  what  the  stu- 
dents say  appeals  to  me.  .  .  They 
are  asking  basically  theological 
questions.  .  .  Students  are  saying, 
sometimes  unconsciously,  'we  want 
more  than  to  learn  how  to  make  a 
living,  how  to  solve  a  mathematical 
problem.'   " 

Graham  noted  that  evangelists 
founded  many  of  America's  first 
and  finest  educational  institutions, 
such  as  Harvard  and  Yale.  But 
there  is  a  "void  in  American  edu- 
cation" today,  he  said,  because 
schools  are  "educating  the  mind  and 
forgetting  the  spirit." 

Graham  quoted  Theodore  Roose- 
velt as  saying,  "You  are  educating  a 
savage,"  and  T.  S.  Eliott  who  asked, 
"Where  is  the  wisdom  we've  lost  in 
knowledge?"  He  said  along  with 
Nietsche  that  if  a  man  has  a  "Why" 
for  his  life,  "he  can  bear  almost 
any  "How." 

The  spiritual  search  of  America's 
young  people  makes  them  "more 
receptive  than  ever  to  evangelism," 
he  said,  adding  that  he  hopes  to  do 
more  evangelistic  work  on  the 

Hippies  reflect  a  "deep  spiritual 
concern,"  he  said.  "Thej'  are  asking 
the  right  questions  to  life."  Their 
long  hair,  religious  medallions,  san- 
dals nicknamed  "Jesus  boots"  and 
other  mannerisms  reflect  "a  subcon- 
scious longing  for  Jesus.  And  they 
frequently  come  to  our  meetings," 
he   said. 

Graham  praised  Youth  for  Christ 
International  for  contributing  much 
to  the  start  of  his  own  career  and 
for  its  innovative  methods  of  reach- 
ing young  people  outside  the  church. 


Washington,    D.C.     (EP)  The 

Supreme  Court  has  ruled  that  judges 
and  juries  must  stay  out  of  ques- 
tions of  religious  doctrine  and  faith 
when  settling  disputes  over  prop- 
erty within  a  church. 

State  and  federal  judiciaries  may 
liandle  some  legal  fights  between 
church  factions,  the  court  ruled,  or 
between  a  branch  and  a  mother 
church,  but  without  getting  involved 
in  which  group  is  more  closely  keep- 
ing the  faith. 

Any  other  ruling,  the  court  said, 
would  involve  government  in  "mat- 
ters at  the  very  core  of  a  religion," 
in  violation  of  the  First  Amend- 
ment's guarantee  of  free  religious 


Amerlcus,  Ga.  (EP)  —  The  Sum- 
ter County  Ku  Klux  Klan  in  1942 
warned  Dr.  Clarence  Jordan  that 
"We  don't  let  the  sun  set  on  you 
people  who  eat  with  niggers." 

The  sneer  came  one  month  after 
Dr.  Jordan  founded  the  experimen- 
tal Koinonia  Farm  where  half  a 
dozen  families  began  living  together 
on  1,400  acres.  They  shared  their 
wealth  and  labors  and  made  it  their 
policy  to  "do  business  with  God." 

Koinonia,  Greek  for  "together- 
ness," has  survived  shootings,  fire 
bombings  and  cross-burnings.  One 
of  the  worse  Klan  attacks  came  in 
1957  when  93  carloads  of  hooded 
Sumter  County  residents  allegedly 
poured  into  the  community  grounds 
in  a  show  of  strength.  Jordan  still 
refused  to  sell  out  and  the  terror 
went  on. 

Just  recently  Koinonia  got  its 
first  shipment  of  eggs  from  local 
producers  in  12  years  and  a  Sumter 
County  service  station  sold  them 
gasoline  for  the  first  time  since  1956. 

The  boycott  is  beginning  to  thaw, 
Jordan  says.  Koinonia  specializes  in 
the  growing  of  pecans  and  has  13,000 1 
customers  around  the  world,  but  not: 
one  in  America. 

The  yellowed  sign  that  once  sig-i 
nailed  "Koinonia  Farm"  has  been? 
replaced  with  a  new  one  that  is 
not  riddled  with  bullets. 


One  of  the  foremost  obligations: 
of  any  government  agency  is  to 
protect  individuals  from  a  known 

Since  cigarette  smoking,  fromi 
every  point  of  view,  does  constitute 
a  danger  to  health,  the  Federal 
Communications  Commission's  move 
toward  banning  cigarette  advertis-j 
ing  on  TV  and  radio  should  be 

We  urge  Congress  to  sense  its 
responsibilities  towards  the  Ameri-" 
can  people  and  back  the  FCC  in  this 
decision.  And  we  hope  the  public 
effort  will  mobilize  behind  the  com 
mission's   decision.  i 

Marcli  15,  1969 

Page  Twenty-nine 


uary  8,  for  Tempe,  from  whence  he  and  Rev. 
Dickson  went  to  California  Brethren  Conference  at 
Stockton.  Rev.  Smith  F.  Rose,  Executive  Secretary  of 
the  Brethren  General  Conference,  returned  with  our 
pastor  for  a  short  visit  in  Tucson. 

Rev.  Rose  brought  greetings  to  tlie  Annual  Congre- 
gational Meeting  and  delivered  an  inspirational  message 
;o  our  prayer  group,  his  theme  "God  Uses  Imperfect 

We  are  proud  to  have  our  own  Tom  Grisso,  wlio  re- 
ceived his  Doctor  of  Philosophy  Degree  in  Clinical  Psy- 
chology, on  the  Ashland  College  faculty.  Donna,  his 
A'ife,  and  Tom  reside  after  March  1  at  313  C  Hillcrest 
Street,  Ashland,  Ohio  44805. 

"Outreach"  is  the  theme  chosen  by  our  pastor  for 
L969.  To  carry  out  this  theme,  under  the  direction  of 
3huck  Silver,  four  groups  were  formed  and  new  charts 
vere  made  of  various  categories  to  cover  visitation, 
rlesults  are  to  be  recorded  on  the  charts,  which  will  be 
iept  at  the  church  for  reference  by  the  pastor  and 

Judy  Dreyer  is  collecting  favorite  recipes  from  the 
A'omen  of  the  church  to  make  W.M.S.  cook  books. 

We  are  thankful  for  our  winter  visitors,  who  worship 
vith  us  while  enjoying  our  sunshine.  One  individual, 
vho  was  our  guest,  set  a  record  on  visitation  in  his 
church  by  making  over  500  calls  on  members,  shut-ins 
md  etc. 

We  are  looking  forward  to  tlie  Soutliwest  District 
Brethren  Conference  in  Casa  Grande. 

—  Florence  M.  Harvey 


A  Tri-Community  Crusade  will  be  held  on  April  1,  2 
and  3  at  Laville  Jr.  and  Sr.  High  School  Cafetorium 
it  8  p.m.  E.S.T. 

Football  Coach  Bob  Davenport  from  Taylor  University 
tvill  be  returning  to  this  area  to  speak  each  evening. 
He  is  an  outstanding  athlete,  having  been  a  two-time 
All  American  and  at  present  sponsors  "Wandering 
Wheels,"  a  bicycling  group  of  athletes  who  ride  each 
summer  from  coast  to  coast. 

Rev.  Larry  Whiteford  will  be  song  leader.  He  is  a 
distinguished  young  musical  leader  in  Northern  Indiana 
and  Southern  Michigan.  He  is  a  TV  personality  and 
has  fine  records  to  his  credit. 

There  will  be  two  fifteen-minute  concerts  each  night 
by  vocal  and  instrumental  groups  as  follows: 

April  1  —  Penn  Kingsmen  and  Community  Baptist 

Church  Quartet. 
April  2  —  Workman  Sisters  and  Singing  Grace  Family. 
April  3  —  Travelaires  and  Chain-O-Lakes  Baptist 
Church  Choir. 
This   Crusade   is   sponsored   by   North   Liberty,   Tee- 
garden  and  County  Line  Brethren  Churches. 

Please  reserve  these  evenings,  come  early  and  enjoy 
organ  prelude.  You'll  be  glad  you  came. 




Ashland   Theological    Seminary 
Ashland,    Ohio 

APRIL  22  -  24,  1969 

Theme:     "CHURCH  RENEWAL" 


Dr.   J.   C.  Wenger 

Dr.    Raymond    Swar+zback 

Prof.   J.    Ray    Klingensmith 

"Talk-Jt-Over-Group"  to  enrich  our  dia- 
logue and  fellowship.  Check  the  March 
1 ,  1 969,  issue  of  The  Brethren  Evangel- 
ist for  program  and  more  information. 


Reservations  for  the  Tuesday  evening 
dinner  and  for  the  Wednesday  evening 
dinner  must  be  in  soon! 

Tuesday  evening  meal  -  $2.00 
Wednesday  evening  meal  -  $1.00 



Ephesians  3:18 

Page  Thirty 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 




SEVERAL  MONTHS  AGO,  I  was  asked 
by  someone  in  the  church,  "Why 
do  ministers  move  so  often?"  I  would 
like  to  try  to  answer  that  question. 

Several  weeks  ago,  while  talking  with 
a  minister  of  another  denomination,  he 
asked  me  how  long  I  had  been  in  my 
present  pastorate,  and  I  told  him.  Then 
he  asked  what  the  average  length  of 
pastorates  is  in  the  Brethren  Church,  and 
I  told  him.  Then  he  asked  how  I  account- 
ed for  this  low  average,  and  I  tried  to 
tell  him  as  best  I  could. 

Several  years  ago  the  ministerium  of 
the  Brethi-en  Church  undertook  a  survey 
to  determine  the  average  pastoral  tenure, 
and  it  discovered  an  alarming  number  of 
pastors  who  moved  in  less  than  three 
years;  some,  even  in  less  than  two  years. 
Many  of  our  churches,  in  looking  over 
their  history,  wiU  discover  that  they  liave 
quite  a  long  hst  of  pastoi's  over  the  years, 
many  of  which  served  two  or  three  years, 
or  less.  This  is  certainly  a  concern  of 
many  people,  and  I  would  like  to  address 
myself  to  this  subject. 

I  had  a  professor  wlio  used  to  say  a 
pastor  should  not  stay  in  one  church 
longer  than  three  or  four  years.  This 
man,  today,  has  been  serving  the  same 
institution   for  more  than  ten  years. 

I  have  a  firm  conviction  that  a  pastor 
must  be  in  a  church  at  least  two  years 
before  he  really  comes  to  know  the  people 
and  their  needs.  It  is  only  after  he  is 
acquainted  with  them  that  he  can  effect- 
ively work  with  them. 

Wiser  and  more  experienced  men  than 
I  have  said,  "Until  you  have  pastored  a 
church  for  five  years,  you  should  ask  the 
Lord,  'Why  should  I  move?'  When  you 
have  been  at  a  church  for  from  five  to 
ten  years,  you  should  carefully  pray, 
'What  should  I  do?"  After  ten  years  in 
one  church,  you  should  ask  God,  'Why 
should  I  stay?'" 

The  National  Brethren  Ministerial  As- 
sociation adopted  a  recommendation  from 
the  Long-term  Pastorate  Study  Committee 
which  states,  "We  recommend  that  a 
three-year  agreement  as  a  minimun  work- 
ing relationship  between  local  congre- 
gations and  pastors,  with  provision  for 
an  annual  review,  become  the  standard 
practice  in  our  churches." 

To  be  very  practical,  let  me  cite  the 
problem  as  it  affects  the  ministers  of  the 
Brethren   Church. 

Most  of  us  from  time  to  time  receive 
letters  from  secretaries  of  churches,  tell- 
ing of  their  need  for  a  pastor,  and  that 
they  have  been  led  of  God  to  ask,  "Are 

you  interested?" 

At  such  a  time,  the  pastor  is  faced  with 
a  very  important  decision — one  that  af- 
fects not  only  his  own  life,  but  the  church 
he  is  presently  serving,  and  his  family. 

Allow  me  first,  to  consider  wliy  pastors 
do   not   move! 

Most  of  our  pastors  could  get  a  50  per 
cent  higher  salary  in  other  denominations. 
They  could  get  50  per  cent  more,  or 
double,  or  triple  salary  in  some  form  of 
secular  work!  Many  are  offered  higher 
salaries  in  other  Brethren  Churches.  How- 
ever, I  know  of  very  few,  if  any,  Brethren 
ministers  who  have  left  their  pastorates 
for  higher  paying  positions.  Brethren 
pastors  are  not  after  "filthy  lucre." 
Money  is  not  the  reason  why  our  pastors 
move  so  often. 

Let  me  caution,  however,  that  this  does 
not  mean  that  money  isn't  important.  It  is 
just  as  necessary  in  the  pastor's  life  and 
family,  as  it  is  to  the  other  members  of  the 
church.  A  church  ought  not  to  expect  a 
minister  to  come  as  pastor  and  not  receive 
enough  salary  to  live  on! 

Nor  do  Brethren  pastors  move  in  order 
to  gain  a  "higher  position."  They  are  not 
motivated  to  move  to  larger  churches,  or 
prestige  churches,  or  "plums."  Brethren 
pastors  are  not  really  climbing  a  ladder  of 
success,  where  they  must  always  be  go- 
ing  to   a   "better"   church. 

When  I  had  determined  that  I  would 
accept  the  call  to  the  church  I  presently 
serve,  I  had  a  pastor-friend  of  another 
denomination  talk  to  me  like  a  "Dutch- 
uncle."  He  asked,  "Are  you  sure  this  is 
what  you  should  do?  You're  capable  ol 
moving  to  a  larger  church!  Don't  you 
want  to  climb  up  the  ladder?  Are  they, 
going  to  pay  you  enough?  Don't  act  toe 
quickly!  You  owe  it  to  yourself  and  youi 
family!"  I  don't  really  think  I  convincec 
him  when  I  explained,  "Brethren  pastort 
are  not  climbing  a  ladder  to  the  top  of  the 
Brethren  Church!  We  simply  want  to  dc 
what  God  wants  us  to  do,  and  go  when 
God  wants  us  to  go!"  ■ 

Why  then,  do  pastors  move?  | 

Pastors  are  motivated  by  need,  just  a; I 
Paul  was  led  into  Macedonia  in  Acts  16 
9,  10.  A  church  needs  a  pastor,  and  con 
tacts  a  man,  who  in  turn  sees  the  neet 
personally.  He  sees  a  challenge,  an  oppor 
tunity  for  service,  that  he  can  be  used  o 
the  Lord  to  help  that  church  in  its  need. 

Pastors  are  motivated  by  a  closed  door 
just  as  Paul  was  "forbidden  of  the  Hol:| 
Ghost  to  preach  the  word  in  Asia"  (Act, 
16:6,  7).  God,  in  one  way  or  another,  close, 
the  door  for  a  pastor  to  prevent  him  fron 
preaching  the  Word  in  a  particular  loca 


March  15,  1969 

Page  Thirty-one 

tion.  Sometimes  this  closed  door  is  made 
manifest  through  opposition  to  the  pastor, 
and  God  literally  uses  those  opposed  to 
pick  us  up  and  throw  us  out  of  the  city; 
even  as  Paul  was  stoned  and  taken  out  of 
the  city  as  being  dead.  Thus,  a  church  to- 
day, will,  through  the  appropriate  steps  of 
procedure,  vote  to  terminate  tlie  postor's 
service    with    them. 

Sometimes  the  closed  door  is  manifested 
to  a  pastor  in  the  lack  of  cooperation  he 
is  receiving  from  tlie  people  he  is  serving. 
They  do  not  support  their  pastor.  There 
seems  to  be  no  progress  in  the  program. 
The  people  are  not  loyal  to  the  church, 
the  attendance  is  down,  and  the  people 
are  complacent.  Communications  between 
the  congregation  and  the  pastor  have  de- 
teriorated. Giving  is  down,  showing  poor 
stewardship,  and  the  finances  of  the 
churcli  are  in  a  serious  condition.  The 
auxiliaries  and  boards  and  committees  of 
the  church  are  not  functioning. 

One  of  our  Brethren  pastors  in  his 
church  newsletter  was  writing  concerning 
the  coming  business  meeting  wliere  the 
congregation  would  vote  on  whether  or 
not  to  call  their  pastor  for  another  term  of 
service.  He  writes,  "Let  it  be  understood 
that  during  the  voting  for  the  pastor,  a 
"yes"  vote  will  not  mean  a  vote  for  a 
pulpit  supply,  but  it  will  mean  a  vote 
for  a  leader  and  a  vote  for  a  program. 
A  yes  vote  will  also  mean  a  dedicated 
determination  to  see  it  through  to  the 

If  the  pastor  does  not  find  that  kind 
of  dedicated  determination,  it  is  a  closed 
door  to  his  continuing  as  minister  of  that 

Sometimes  the  closed  door  is  placed  be- 
fore him  in  the  lack  of  spiritual  fruit. 
Souls  are  not  being  saved;  people  are  not 
growing  in  the  faith;  people  are  not  reach- 
ing out  in  evangelism  to  the  community. 

These  are  three  closed  doors,  and  when 
they  come  before  the  pastor,  they  tell  him 
it  may  be  time  to  move. 

There  is  a  third  motivation  whicli  we 
might  call  the  open  door,  just  as  Paul 
saw  a  vision  of  a  man  of  Macedonia  pray- 
ing him  to  come  over  and  help  them.  It 
is  interesting  to  note  that  in  Acts  16:10, 
the  record  declares  that  Paul  and  his  party 
were  assured  that  God  had  thus  called 
them  to  preach  the  gospel  to  the  Mace- 
donians. The  open  door  is  then  manifest 
to  a  pastor  through  the  call  of  God.  This 
does  not  always  mean  a  move,  for  as  sure 
as  God  calls  pastors  to  move  He  also  calls 
them  to  stay.  God  leads  and  God  keeps! 

The  open  door  is  manifested  in  quite 
the  opposite  way  as  the  closed  door.  In 
the  event  of  an  open  door,  there  is  coop- 
eration by  the  people  of  the  congregation. 

They  are  supporting  tlie  pastor.  The  pro- 
gram is  progressing.  Loyalty  is  shown  in 
good  attendance  and  enthusiasm.  Com- 
munications are  open  between  pastor  and 
congregation.  Stewardship  is  on  a  good 
level.  Auxiliaries,  boards,  and  committees 
are  active  and  efficient. 

The  open  door  is  also  clearly  shown  to 
the  pastor  when  spiritual  fruit  is  being 
liarvcsted.  Souls  are  turning  to  the  Lord 
for  salvation;  people  are  growing  in  faith; 
and  reacliing  out  into  the  community  in 

These  are  open  doors  for  pastors,  and 
they  tell  him  to  stay  where  he  is! 

Perhaps  you  ask,  "So  what?  Wliat  does 
all  this  mean  to  me?" 
God  calls  and  God  leads! 
God  reveals  needs  to  His  people! 
God    reveals    needs    of    churches    to 

Sometimes  God  reveals  through  his 
stiU  small  voice! 

Sometimes  God  reveals  through  His 

Sometimes  God  reveals  and  leads  by 
opening  and  closing  doors  before  His 

Are  you  a  closed  door? 
Are  you  an  open  door? 
Sometime  ago  our  own  Kansas  Senator 
Frank  Carlson  delivered  a  message  enti- 
tled, "Wanted—A  Man  Who  Will  Stand." 
In  this  stirring  and  challenging  exhorta- 
tion lie  says,  "God  is  looking  for  men.  He 
wants  those  who  can  unite  together 
around  a  common  faith — who  can  join 
liands  in  a  common  task — and  who  have 
come  to  tlie  kingdom  for  such  a  time  as 
this.  God  give  us  men!" 

"Are  you  ready  to  join  tlie  'Loyalty 

Or  do  things  of  much  less  importance, 
things  of  a  temporal  nature, 
keep  you  from  becoming  a  part  of 
our  Loyalty  Band? 
There  are  no  membership  cards, 
no  buttons  to  wear  on  your  lapel, 
no  personal  solicitation  for  your 
You  join  tlie  Loyalty  Band,  and 
let  otliers  see  that  you  are  a 

member  of  the  Band, 
just  by  being  loyal — 
to  Christ, 
to  the  Church, 
to  the  Bible, 
to  your  family, 

to  the  Great  Commission 
to  go  out  and  witness. 
*  'Do    you    care    enough    to    give    the 
very  best?'  " 
*  from  "Vinco  News  and  Views," 
November  1968. 

Page  Thirty-two  The  Brethren  Evangelist 

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''God  so  loved  .  .  . 

that  He  gave!'' 

World  Missions  Issue 

Vol.  XCI 

March  29.  1969 

No.  7 

AN-GJBjr-.  I    S  T 

Tie.  "E>H>cttA£4<^ 



Editor  of  Publications   Rev.  Spencer  Gentle 

Board  of  Editorial  Consultants 

Woman's  Missionai-y  Society 

Mrs.  Charlene  Rowser 
National  Laymen's  Organization 

Mr.  Floyd  Benshoff 

Missionai-y  Board   Mrs.  Marion  M.  Mellinger 

Sisterhood   Miss  Kathy  Miller 

Board  of  Christian  Education: 

Youth  Commission Miss  Beverly  Summy 

Adult  Commission    Rev.  Fred  Burkey 

Published   biweekly    (twenty-six  issues  per  year) 

534  College  Avenue 

Ashland,  Ohio  44805 

Phone:  323-7271 

Terms  of  Subscriptio-n: 
$4.00  per  year  single  subscription 

Entered  as  second  class  postage  paid  at  Ashland, 
Ohio.  Accepted  for  mailing  at  special  rate,  section 
1103,  Act  of  Oct.  3,  1917.    Authorized  Sept.  3,  1928. 

Change  of  Address:  In  ordering  change  of  ad- 
dress, please  notify  at  least  three  weeks  in  advance, 
giving  both  old  and  new  address. 

Reniittiinces:  Send  aU  money,  business  communi- 
cations  and   contributed  articles   to  above   address. 

Prudential  Committee ; 

Elton  Whitted,  President;  Richard  Pooa-baugh, 
Vice  President;   Rev.   George  W.  Solomon. 

In   This   Issue: 

Notes  and  Comments    2 

Guest  Editorial:     "Easter  and  Missions" 

by   Rev.  M.  'Virgil  Ingraham   3 

Ordination  of  Mr.  John  Long   4 

The  Board  of  Christian  Education   5 

A  Brief  History  of  the  Linvvood,  Maryland, 
Brethren  Church  8 

"A  Sketch  of  the  History  of  Brethren 
Missions"     by  Rev.  Jerry  Grieve   9 

World  Missions  Promotional  Materials  13 

"Divine  Object  Lessons  for  the  Church" 

by  Rev.  Robert  L.  Hoffman 2-1 

The  Sisterhood 26 

"So  Your  Church  Is  Seeking  a  Pastor?" 
by  Rev.  Smith  F.  Rose  27 

Boys'  Brotherhood  Program  for  April 28 

"Jefferson  Brethren" 

by  Rev.  Richard  E.  Allison 29 

Southwestern  Brethren  Conference   31 




OUR  DENOMINATION  is  undergoing  a  time 
of  pastoral  changes.  Many  pastor  are  feel- 
ing the  necessity  of  moving  to  brighter  fields 
either  in  the  field  of  education  or  other  pastorates. 
There  are  etliics  involved  both  on  the  part  of  the 
congregation  and  the  pastor.  Rev.  Smith  F.  Rose, 
E.xecutive  Secretary  of  Central  Council,  is  pre- 
paring a  series  of  articles  on  this  problem. 

The  first  of  such  articles  appears  on  page  27  of 
this  issue  of  The  Brethren  Evangelist  which  is 
entitled:  "So  Your  Church  is  Seeking  a  Pastor?" 
Be  sure  to  read  all  of  the  articles  in  this  series,  it 
will  help  both  the  pastor  and  the  congregation 
when  facing  change. 


CONGRATULATIONS  are  in  order  for  Rev. 
and  Mrs.  Bradley  Weldenhamer  upon  thei 
acquiring  of  a  new  son  on  March  11,  1969.  Thei 
baby  was  born  on  February  12,  1969.  He  has  been 
named  Eric  Scott. 

Rev.  Weidenhamer  is  the  pastor  of  the  First 
Brethren  Church  of  Goshen,  Indiana.  Mrs.  'Weid-! 
enhamer  is  the  former  Karen  McPherson  from 
the  Gretna,  Ohio,  Church. 


Cumberland,    Maryland 
FIrs-l-   Brethren   Church 

Saturday,  April  26,  1969 

Business  Session:  4:30  p.m. 
Fellowship  Meal:  5:45  p.m. 
Evening    Devotions:      7   to   8    p.m. 

March  29,  1969 

Page  Three 




Caster  and   Wlissions 


EASTER  AXD  MISSIONS  are  inseparably  linked 
together.  Christ's  victory  over  sin  at  the 
cross,  and  His  triumph  over  death  at  the  empty 
tomb,  are  the  hig-hlights  of  the  Gospel  which  the 
Lord  commissions  us  to  preach  in  all  the  world  to 
every  creature.  If  we  find  delight  in  the  message 
of  Easter,  then  we  ought  to  delight  in  giving  that 
message  to  those  undeiiDrivileged  people  around 
the  world  who  have  never  ever  heard  it. 

The  Christian  life  was  never  meant  to  be  hoard- 
ed or  kept  on  safe  deposit.  Our  Lord  never  intend- 
ed for  us  to  keep  the  Good  News  to  ourselves. 
Inherent  in  the  Gospel  itself  is  the  compulsion  to 
give  it  away,  to  share  it  with  others.  What  has 
happened  to  us?  Why  are  we  so  reluctant  to  share 
Christ?  Why  do  we  not  feel  the  compelling  urge 
to  make  Christ  known  far  and  near? 

Can  it  be  possible  that  oui's  might  be  a  proljlem 
of  love?  During  this  Easter  season  we  have  been 
reminded  anew  that  "God  so  loved  the  world,  that 
He  gave  His  only  begotten  Son,  that  whosoever 
believeth  in  Him  might  not  perish,  but  have  ever- 
lasting life"  (John  3:16).  Love  for  mankind  was 
God's  motive  for  giving  His  Son.  The  great  thrust 
of  this  Golden  Text  is  that  God  SO  loved;  giving 
emphasis  to  the  superlative  quality  of  His  gift. 
When  we  love  enough  we  will  give  all  we  have. 
God  loved  enough  to  give  His  Son,  the  only  be- 
gotten. Perhaps  our  love  needs  to  go  deeper,  and 
reach  higher! 

The  American  Bible  Society  some  time  ago  re- 
leased some  information  which  is  staggering.  On 
discussing  the  population  explosion  about  which 
we  have  heard  so  much,  it  was  pointed  out  that 
the  world's  population  will  be  doubled  by  the  year 
2000,  and  quadrupled  by  the  year  20-50,  if  present 
trends   continue.    Stated  another   way,   in   eighty 

years  there  will  be  four  persons  for  every  one 
alive  today.  This  prediction,  of  course,  does  not 
take  into  account  any  natural  or  man-made  catas- 
trophe such  as  worldwide  famine  or  atomic  mass 

Lhifortunately,  the  Christian  Church  is  not 
growing  in  this  same  proportion.  Even  using  the 
name  "Christian"  in  its  most  liberal  sense,  there 
are  only  twenty  million  members  added  to  the 
Church  annually,  as  contrasted  with  the  total 
world  population  increase  of  seventy  million  people. 
Christians  presently  represent  slightly  more  than 
thirty  percent  of  the  world's  population.  In  eighty 
years,  if  present  trends  continue,  our  numbers  will 
have  been  proportionately  cut  in  half! 

The  implication  of  this  information  is  that  if 
we  carry  on  with  our  task  of  worldwide  evangel- 
ization on  our  present  level  of  involvement,  we 
can  expect  our  "growth"  to  be  halved,  by  our  fail- 
ure to  even  keep  up  with  the  population  increases. 
Our  complacency  in  so  many  churches  for  "main- 

Page  Four 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

taining  the  status  quo"  isn't  good  enough,  either 
in  numbers  or  in  any  other  comparison  we  might, 
by  rationalization,  choose  to  mal^e.  The  truth  is, 
however,  that  we  aren't  maintaining  the  status 

In  the  area  of  missions  giving  in  the  Brethren 
Church,  some  churches  are  giving  on  or  very  near 
the  level  which  was  theii's  five  or  more  years  ago. 
Others,  for  one  reason  or  another,  have  decreased 
their  missions  giving,  thus  offsetting  any  gains 
some  missions-minded  congregations  have  made 
during  the  same  period. 

Some  church  leaders  have  indicated  that  local 
building  programs  prevent  their  continued  level  of 
missions  giving.  This  may  be  valid  but  one  won- 
ders whether  God  wants  one  done  at  the  expense 
of  the  other.  Is  it  not  possible  for  a  local  program 
to  be  carried  on  and  at  the  same  time  maintain 
and  increase  missions  giving?  When  giving  is 
proportionate,  ought  not  our  love  for  the  lost  move 
us  to  keep  missions  in  the  local  church's  ministry 
as  an  extension  bevond  the  church's  four  walls? 

It  has  often  been  said,  and  not  without  foundation, 
that  a  strong,  missions  giving  church  is  a  healthy, 
thriving  church.  The  churches  headed  by  Dr.  Os- 
wald J.  Smith  and  Dr.  Harold  Ockenga  are  but 
two  which  might  be  cited. 

Another  area  of  great  need  in  our  missions  is 
personnel.  More  workers  are  required  for  Nigeria 
and  Argentina,  not  to  mention  new  fields.  Here, 
too,  we  have  failed  to  maintain  the  status  quo. 

Perhaps  we  need  to  care  more,  if  we  are  to  be- 
come more  involved.  Once  more,  we  come  back  to 
the  problem  of  love.  God  so  loved  lost  humanity 
that  He  emptied  heaven  of  the  presence  of  His 
dear  Son,  in  order  that  people  eveiywhere  might 
through  faith  have  victory  over  sin  and  death, 
and  life  everlasting  in  Him. 

If  God  cai'ed  that  much  about  the  souls  of  all 
people  everywhere,  how  much  ought  we  to  care 
about  the  lost?  He  loved  the  world  SO  much  .  .  . 
that  He  gave  .  .  .  Are  we  not  constrained  by  His 
love  ...  to  love  more  ...  to  give  more  ...  to  do 
more  ? 

Ordination  of 

ON  SUNDAY,  March  9,  1969,  Mr.  John  Long  was 
ordanied  to  the  Christian  ministry  in  the  Brigh- 
ton Chapel,  Brighton,  Indiana.  The  program  for  this 
most  important  event  was  as  follows: 

Organ  Prelude    Kay   Stukey 

Invocation    Elder  Albert  Curtright 

Hymn   "Blessed  Assurance" 

Action  of  Church  Calling  for  Ordination 

Delmar  Grove,  Moderator 
Action  of  the  District  Mini-sterial  Examining  Board 

Elder  Waldo  Gaby 
Anthem  by  the  Choir  .  "Breathe  on  Me,  Breath  of  God" 

Scripture  Reading    Elder  Curtright 

Ordination  Sermon   Elder  Smith  Rose 

Vocal  Duet   "Each  Step  I  Take" 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Gary  Whitcomb 

Scriptural   Charge    Elder  Curtright 

Quostioni  to  the  Candidate   Elder  Gab>- 

Charge  to  the  Candidate    Elder  Rose 

Ordination  Prayer  with  Laying  on  of  Hands 

Elder  Rose 
Elder  Curtright 

Setting  Apart  as  an  Elder   Elder  Curtright 

Declaration  of  Authority  as  an  Elder   ....   Elder  Gaby 

Consecration    of    Leona    Long 

As  Wife  of  an  Elder 

Charge  to  Serve  as  the  Wife  of  an  Elder  .  .  Elder  Rose 

Prayer  with  Laying  on  of  Hands  ....   Elder  Curtright 

Elder  Gaby 

Hymn    "A   Charge  to   Keep   I   Have" 


Benediction   Elder  John  Long 

Postlude  Kay  Stukey 

John  Long  was  born  April  26,  1926,  in  Sturgis,  Michi- 
gan. His  home  was  Brighton,  Indiana,  where  he  went  to 
grade  school  and  graduated  from  Brighton  High  School 
in  19-44.  He  has  spent  his  entire  life  in  the  Brighton 
area  e.xcept  for  two  years  spent  in  the  Army. 

October  27,  1946  was  the  day  John  and  Leona  (Lari- 
mer i  of  Greenfield  Mills  were  married.  They  have  two 
children:  Bruce,  a  sophomore  at  Tri-State  College  at 
Angola,  and  Barbara,  a  sophomore  at  Lakeland  High 

Rev.  Walter  Gibson  baptized  John  on  June  6,  1937, 
and  he  was  received  into  the  membership  of  Brighton 
Chapel.  He  served  the  church  as  both  a  Sunday  School 
teacher  and  as  superintendent  and  held  the  office  of 
cliurch  moderator.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Long  were  ordained  as 
deacon  and  deaconess  February  18,  1960,  by  the  Rev. 
John  Mills. 

The  Lake  Gage  Congregational  Church  called  John 
to  serve  as  a  supply  speaker  February  6,  1966,  and  later 
that  year  called  him  as  their  pastor.  The  Indiana  Dis- 
trict Conference  certified  John  as  Lay  Evangelist  June 
10,  1966,  and  he  was  licensed  August  17  of  the  same 

John  was  called  to  the  ministry  by  the  Brightoni 
Brethren  Church  at  a  special  meeting  held  July  17,  1966. 
Long  accepted  the  call  to  serve  this  church  as  their; 
pastor  March  1,  1967. 

Presently,  John  is  enrolled  in  the  Indiana  Districts 
Bible  Study  Course. 

March  29,  1969 

Page  Five 


New  Position  Created 

THE  Boai'd  of  Chi'istian  Education  announces 
the  hiring-  of  Mr.  Fred  Finks  as  the  Assistant 
to  the  Director  of  Christian  Education.  Mr  Finks 
is  a  native  of  Maurertown,  Virginia,  and  a  member 
of  the  Maurertown  Brethren  Cluirch.  He  is  cur- 
rently a  senior  pre-seminary  student  at  Ashland 
College  and  will  graduate  in  June  1969. 

Since  he  will  be  entering  Ashland  Theological 
Seminary  in  the  fall,  Mr.  Finks  will  serve  the 
Board  in  a  part-time  cajjacity,  beginning  .4pril  1. 
His  duties  will  be  centered  on  the  development  of 
a  more  effective  denominational  youth  ministry 
than  we  presently  have.  Thus,  he  will  be  working 
closely  with  the  director  and  the  Youth  Commis- 
sion. He  will  be  available  for  field  work  in  local 
churches,  district  youth  rallies,  camps,  retreats, 
and  other  areas  of  work  relating-  to  the  youth 

We  think  Fred  is  admirably  suited  to  serve  The 
Brethren  Church  in  this  capacity.  He  has  served 
as  BYC  president  at  Maurertown;  President  of 
the  Southeastern  district  BYC;  and  now  is  Vice- 
President  of  the  Ashland  College  student  body. 

In  June,  Fred  will  become  a  married  man.  His 
fiancee  is  Miss  Holly  Moore,  of  Wellington,  Ohio. 
Miss  Moore  will  graduate  from  the  Samaritan 
School  of  Nursing  in  June. 

We  welcome  Fred  to  our  office  staff  and  know 
that  you  will  welcome  his  miiiistrv  in  vouth  work. 

Ml-.  Fred  Finks 

P:ige  Six 

The  Brethren   Evangelist 

Board  Meeting  Notes 

Rev.  Kichaid  Kuns,  Assistant  Secretary, 
served  industriously  as  scribe. 

President  Barber  opened  the  business  session  of  the 
Board  of  Christian  Education  meeting  nith  nineteen  mem- 
bers and  one  guest  present. 

Board  members:  (L-R)  Barnhart,  Howard,  Best,  Finks, 
Kimmel,  Shultz  and  Grumbling  ponder  the  treasurer's 

During  its  February  25  and  26  meeting,  the 
Board  of  Christian  Education  conducted  a  large 
amount  of  business.  The  following  are  some  of  the 

—  Voted  to  create  a  new  staff  position — As- 
sistant to  the  Director  of  Christian  Educa- 
sion — to  promote  and  develop  the  denomina- 
tional youth  ministry. 

—  Hired  Mr.  Fred  Finks  as  Assistant  to  the 

—  Discontinued    the    Camp    Subsidy    progj'am 

after  the  1969  camping  season  be- 
cause of  other  pressing  budgetary, 

Planned  for  a  series  of  Christianj 
Education  workshops  on  a  wide' 
range  of  topics  to  be  presented  at 
General  Conference  in  August  of 

Set  the  1969-70  Budget  at  $28,321.48.1 

Discussed  the  need  to  infoiTn  indi- 
viduals and  churches  concemingi 
their  fair  share  in  supporting  the^ 
Christian  Education  ministry.  Giv- 
ing has  'been  inadequate. 

Announced  a  Family  Life  Emphasis 
for  General  Conference  1970. 

Recommended  membership  in  Chris- 
tian  Camping   International   for   all 

district  camp  commissions. 

Made  plans  to  show  "Operation  In-i 
formation,"  a  color  filmstrip  show- 
ing the  work  of  our  Board,  in  many 
local  churches  during  the  month  of 

Planned  for  three  supplements  to  tht' 
Christian    Education    Manual    to   b( 
distributed  this  vear. 

March  29,  1969 

Page  Seven 


Workers  from  Matiiertown  and  St.  Luke  are  taking  a  test  to  see 
what  thev  have  learned  in  church  school. 

Rev.  "Doc"  Shank  is  a  busy  man.  He  is  pastor  of  the 
Maurertown,  St.  Luke  and  Liberty  Brethren  churches 
in  Virginia.  It  must  be  that  he's  doing  an  outstanding 
job  because  his  people  are  not  only  on  time- -they  come 

We  were  pleased  to  see  the  work  that  is  being  done  in 
Christian  education  in  the  Maurertown  Church.  With 
the  great  interest  in  the  church  school,  youth  work,  and 
camping  which  the  people  expressed,  we  can  expect 
great  things  from  the  Valley. 


Youth  Board  treasure)',  Sandy  Yarian,  tells 
the  group  presidents  (I.  to  r.)  .Jill  Carson. 
Roger  Stogsdill,  and  Diane  Sullivan  just  how 
far  to  fill  in  the  goal  therniometei'. 

THE  TUCSON  youth  groups  have  set  a  pace-setting 
example  for  all  BYC  groups  for  our  National 
Youth  Project.  "Cash  for  Camp"  has  become  a  real 
challenge  for  them  since  the  project  was  selected  in 
August,  1968.  The  newest  district  in  The  Brethren 
Church  -  Southwest  District  ■  has  stepped  out  on  faith 
to  purchase  and  equip  their  own  camp.  The  1968  Youth 
Conference  saw  the  importance  of  this  camp  located  in 
an  area  of  great  population  growth  and  decided  to  help 
the  district  by  designating  the  1968-69  Youth  Project 
for  the  ABC  camp  with  a  goal  of  $14,000. 

This  is  a  most  unusual  project  for  two  reasons:  (1) 
Brethren  Youth  has  never  worked  on  this  type  of  pro- 
ject -  all  others  have  been  for  world  missions,  non-fin- 
ancial or  home  missions,  and  (2 1  Brethren  Youth  has 
never  raised  that  much  money  before  -  the  closest  was 
for  the  St.  Petersburg  project  two  years  ago  which 
brought  a  little  less  than  $13,000. 

Tucson  BYC'ers  have  set  a  local  goal  of  $1,000  for 
the  Project  and  are  now  working  hard  to  obtain  that 
amount.  They  are  shown  above  as  they  "put  the  heat 
on"  in  a  visual  way  to  show  others  how  they  are  pro- 
gressing with  their  goal.  At  last  word,  they  had  raised 
$310  so  far. 

Promotional  brochures  and  posters  have  been  pre- 
pared and  sent  to  all  pastors  (or  church  secretaries 
where  a  pastorate  is  vacant)  for  the  "Cash  for  Camp" 
Project.  Rev.  Duane  Dickson  took  some  excellent 
pictures  of  the  campsite  and  surrounding  area  and  Mrs. 
Larry  Baker  developed  the  eight  picture  brochure  now 

Page  Eight 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

made  available  througli  the  Board  of  Christian  Edu- 
cation office.  The  poster  shows  a  map  of  Arizona  and 
pinpoints  the  location  of  the  campsite  only  a  few  miles 
from  the  Mexican  border.  We  suggest  that  you  miglit 
want  to  prepare  a  "Cash  for  Camp  Can"  to  be  placed 
with  a  display  of  the  poster  and  brochures  to  allow  in- 

dividuals to  contribute  their  loose  change  from  week  to 
weok.  Enough  brochures  were  sent  to  each  church  to 
permit  handing  them  out  to  interested  individuals  also. 
Are  you  meeting  the  challenge  of  the  1968-69  National 
BYC  Project? 



THE  PEOPLE  of  the  village  of  Linwood  and  the 
surrounding  neighborhood  saw  the  need  of  reli- 
gious training  for  tliemselves  and  tlieir  children.  A  Sun- 
day School  work  was  started  at  the  lumber  yard  of 
Linwood,  on  November  19.  1896.  Mrs.  Rose  S?nsene\' 
was   the  first   superintendant   of  tlie  Sunday'  Scliool. 

The  first  Christmas  entertainment  was  held  at  the 
lumber  yard  Sunday  afternoon,  December  27,  1896. 
Families  interested  in  the  work  were  the  Senseneys, 
Myers,  Shriners,  Messlers,  Englars,  Koontzes,  Gilberts. 
Dayhoffs  and  Albaughs. 

The  Sunday  School  moved  to  the  hall  in  the  school 
building  at  Linwood  on  Sunday,  October  16,  189S  with 
28  scholars.  Mrs.  Jesse  Garner  was  the  superintendent. 
Teachers  were  Mr.  and  Mrs.  DeWitt  Haines,  Mrs.  Emma 
Garner,  Mrs.  Jesse  Garner  and  Mrs.  William  Messier. 

The  Linwood  Bretliren  Church  was  organized  on 
December  15,  1903,  at  the  home  of  Nathan  Englar. 
There  were  13  members  present. 

The  land  for  the  church  was  bought  on  April  14,  190-1, 
from  James  R.  and  Laura  J.  Etzler  and  Thomas  and 
Cinderella  Hanes.  The  church  property  was  purchased 
from  two  different  farms.  The  trustees  at  that  time 
were  J.  Will  Messier,  Nathan  Englar  and  John  C. 

The  church  was  dedicated  with  appropriate  services 
on  Sunday,  November  5,  1905.  An  interesting  program 
was  arranged  for  the  whole  day.  Services  were  held  at 
10:30  a.m.,  2:30  p.m.,  and  7:30  p.m.  Rev.  J.  N.  Knepper 
of  Meyersdale,  Pennsylvania  was  the  speaker  at  the 
10:30  service.  The  prayer  of  dedication  was  offered  by 
Rev.  J.  M.  Tombaugh  of  Hagerstown,  Maryland.  A 
number  of  speakers  took  part  in  the  afternoon  service: 
Rev.  W.  D.  Furry  of  Baltimore,  Maryland;  Dr.  Fi-azer, 
president  of  New  Windsor  College;  Jesse  Garner  of 
Linwood  and  others. 

Rev.  Furry  spoke  at  the  7:30  service.  A  choir  under 
the  direction  of  John  A.  Englar,  with  Mrs.  Englar  as 
the  organist,  sang  at  each  one  of  the  services  and  solos 
and  duets  were  rendered  by  the  members  of  the  choir. 

The  building  committee  was  John  C.  Buckey,  Josepli 
Englar  and  Nathan  Englar.  The  mason  work  was  done 

by  Mr.  Stone  of  Uniontown,  Maryland.  About  100,000 
bricks  and  250  perches  of  stones  were  used  in  the  con- 
struction of  the  walls.  Mr.  Rakestraw  of  Union  Bridge, 
Maryland,  drew  the  plans  for  the  building.  The  entire 
cost  of  the  building,  not  including  labor  and  materials 
which  were  donated,  was  $7,008.50.  (We  do  not  know  if 
all  the  materials  and  labor  were  donated.) 

The  site  of  the  church  is  an  ideal  one.  It  stands  on 
the  summit  of  a  hill  overlooking  the  village  of  Linwood, 
and  there  is  a  wonderful  view  of  the  country-side  up 
and  down  the  valley. 

The  cliarter  members  of  the  new  church  were:  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  John  Buckey,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  John  Koontz,  Mr, 
and  Mrs.  John  Drach,  Mrs.  Miriam  Albaugh  and  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Samuel  Dayhoff. 

After  the  dedication  of  the  church.  Rev.  J.  M.  Tom- 
baugh held  a  series  of  re\ival  services.  The  results  of 
these  services  were  the  confession  and  baptism  of  Ade- 
laide Messier,  Margaret  Etzler,  Helen  Englar,  John  S. 
Messier,  Charles  Messier,  Robert  Etzler,  Carrie  Dayhoff 
and  Mrs.  Edv/ard  Hewn.  Adelaide  Messier  was  the  first 
one  baptized  in  the  new  church  baptistry. 

Mr.  John  Englar  was  choir  director  and  Mrs.  Englar 
was  organist  until  1907,  at  which  time  Adelaide  Messier 
(Englar)  was  elected  organist.  She  served  in  this  ca- 
pacity until  1950. 

Th3  parsonage  was  purchased  from  Mr.  Joseph  Eng- 
lar in  the  year  1924.  The  present  organ  was  bought  in 
1 947. 

Former  pastors  were:  J.  M.  Tombaugh,  W.  D.  Furry, 
Claude  Koontz,  Marcus  Witter,  J.  P.  Holacker,  E.  H. 
Delsch,  J.  Ray  Klingensmith,  Charles  Bane,  A.  B.  Cover, 
Ray  Long,  J.  L.  Bowman,  Paul  Yoder,  Lewis  Braum- 
baugh.  Freeman  Ankrum,  Elmer  Keck,  Dyoll  Belote, 
Earl  Riddle,  Bruce  Shanholtz,  John  Mills  and  Hays  K. 
Logan,  present  pastor. 

The  church  has  and  continues  to  practice  the  Apos-. 
to'.ic  Doctrines,  as  we  understand  them  to  be  taught  by 
our  Lord  and  the  apostles;  salvation  by  grace  through) 
faith  in  as  the  Son  of  God:  baptism  by  triun- 
immersion  and  the  thres  fold  communion  and  holy- 

March  29,  1969 

Page  Nine 














































BROKEN  ONE  —  Offerings  for  World  Missions:     1909  ■ 
$2,948.25;  1913  -  $2,397.61;  1918  ■  $29,183.94;  1923  - 
$63,689.97;  1928  -  $43,572.30;  1933  -  $37,007.95;  193S  ■ 
$49,864.00;  1943  -  $18,510.29;  1948  -  $29,634.23;  1953  - 
$41,927.13;  1958  -  $66,202.45;  1963  -  $69,365.55;  1968 
-  $93,855.85. 

SOUD  LINE  —  Missionary  staff  on  the  field(s)  by 
year  indicated  on  tlie  grapii.  List  of  thie  Brethren 
Missionaries  from  1940  to  present  are  as  follows: 

Argentina:     Mr.  and  Mrs.  C.  F.  Yoder  (1940-1945); 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Rob  Byler  (1948-1967);  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Kenneth  Solomon   (1958-     ) ;  Mr.  and  Mrs.  John 
Rowsey    (1958-     ) ;    Mr.    and   Mrs.    Ray   AspinaU 
(1964-     );  Mr.  and  Mrs.  William  Curtis     1964-     ). 

Nigeria:     Miss  Veda  Liskey   (1948-1958);  Mrs.  Janet 
(King)    Fox    (1953-1954) ;   Mr.  and  Mrs.  Glenn  Shank 
(1955-1962);  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Charles  Kraft  (1957-1960); 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Robert  Bischof  (1952-1966) ;  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Harold  Bowers  (1966-1968) ;  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Larry 
Bolinger    (1966-     ) ;   Mr.  and  Mrs.   Richard  Winfield 
(1967-     ). 

GRAPHS  NEVER  TELL  all  the  story; 
this  one  is  no  exception.  In  spite  of 
that  fact,  hidden  in  that  solid  line  is  a  rare 
saga  containing  glory  and  pathos,  vic- 
tory and  defeat,  spirit  and  flesh.  But  to 
tell  the  story  fully,  indeed  as  it  deserves 
to  be  told,  we  must  retrospect  further 
than  our  graph  allows.  We  must  start 
at  the  beginning — and  the  beginning  of 
this  story  is  the  year  1708.  Before  we 
begin,  however,  a  few  preparatory  re- 
marks seem  apropos.  This  paper  is  a  brief 
account  of  my  own  impressions  which 
were  made  as  a  result  of  an  historical 
study  of  Brethren  Missions  the  fall  quar- 
ter in  Ashland  Theological  Seminary  un- 
der the  inimitable  teaching  of  Dr.  Ronk 
(my  grade  is  Dr.  Ronk's  impression  of 
my  impressions).  Since  missions  is  upper- 
most in  our  considerations,  this  will  serve 
as  the  criterion  for  dividing  one  period 
of  history  from  anotlier.  In  the  above 
graph,  for  example,  you  will  note  that 
from  1909  to  193S  the  number  of  mission- 
aries sent  out  from  the  Brethren  Church 
increased  from  three  to  thirty-four.  This 
period  is  distinctive  in  that  it  reveals  a 
foreign  missionary  spirit  unprecedented 
in  our  Brethren  history.)  After  delineating 
the  major  periods  as  follows,  we  will 
characterize  briefly  each  period  in  an  ef- 
fort to  faithfully  teU  the  story;  one  to  be 
told  not  from  cold  detachment  but  with 
feeling  and  conviction. 

1.  1708-1715,  Initial  Growth 

2.  1716-1775,  Relapse  and  Lethargy 

3.  1776-1850,  Home  Missions 

4.  1851-1908,  Foreign  missionary 


5.  1909-1939,  Foreign  Missionary 


6.  1940-1968,  Set-back  in  foreign 


7.  1969-    ?    ,  What  is  our  future  in 

foreign  missions? 


The  first  seven  years  of  Brethren  his- 
tory are  marked  by  the  fervor  and  excit- 
ement of  sharing  a  new  faith.  The  churcli 
body  that  developed  at  Schwarzenau  was 
firmly  convinced  that  the  Brethren  had 
something  distinctive  and  dynamic  to 
offer  the  world.  But  the  world  they  knew 
was  soon  discovered  to  be  recalcitrant  and 
antagonistic  toward  these  radicals  who 
dared  to  be  different.  Persecution  mounted 
and  faith  waned.  This  is  a  different  com- 
mentary than  we  find  in  the  book  of  Acts.^ 
Could  the  difference  be  in  why  they  were 
being  persecuted?  It  was  not  simply  be- 
cause they  were  followers  of  Christ  that 
they  were  harassed  but  because  they  had 
espoused  a  radically  different  doctrine 
from  that  of  the  state  churches.  If  the 
church  is  to  flourish  it  must  have  more 

Page  Ten 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Ihan   iif^lil    ildriiinc 

It  was  not  without  bitterness — even  tor 
eacli  other — that  the  trek  was  made  from 
Creyfeld,  west  of  the  lower  Rhine,  to 
Pennsylvania  for  assylum.  The  perse- 
cution, combined  with  personal  animosi- 
ties, crippled  the  Brethren  seriously  in 
their  missionary  outreach.  Their  evangel 
was  so  smothered,  their  vision  was  so  dim- 
med, their  love  waxed  so  cold,  that  they 
waded  the  slough  of  despondency  for  the 
better  part  of  sixty  years!  I  say  the  better 
part  because  in  1724  an  effort  was  made 
toward  revival  and  it  looked  as  though  the 
Brethren  would  get  together  and  grow. 
The  Ephrata  movement,  however  unfor- 
tunately proved  to  be  fractionary  and 
splintered  the  brotherhood  even  more.3 
By  1775  the  membership  was  a  mere  800. 

This  period  is  characterized  by  rapid 
growth  and  church  extension.  If  the  Rev- 
olutionary War  acted  as  a  determent  to 
expansion,  certainly  independance  brouglit 
the  needed  pacifism  more  kindred  to  the 
Brethren  spirit.  At  any  rate,  the  church 
grew,  and  without  any  special  home  mis- 
sions program.  Personal  evangelism  and 
visitation  increased  the  church  member- 
ship from  800  to  58,000  by  1850.  Although 
elders  (not  a  paid  ministry)  were  very 
active  in  visitation,  I  think  it  must  be 
stated  that  the  growth  was  due  largely 
to  personal  evangelism  by  the  laity.  This 
is  sorely  needed  in  the  church  today. 

Tliis  period  is  more  difficult  to  charac- 
terize because  of  its  complexity  and  inde- 
finability  as  a  general  movement.  Main- 
taining our  criterion  this  epoch  of  Breth- 
ren Church  history  may  be  given  the  cap- 
tion "Age  of  Awakening  in  Foreign  Mis- 
sions." The  period  may  be  subdivided  into 
four  parts  in  which  we  find  some  con- 
tributions made  to  the  cause  of  missions. 

As  a  result  of  the  emphasis  on  edu- 
cation and  the  vast  dessiinination  of  ideas 
by  means  of  some  newly  created  period- 
icals, the  "stay-home  theology"  received 
a  real  hammering  and  deep  missionary 
concern  began  to  be  expressed.  The  cul- 
mination of  this  struggle  with  the  concept 
of  missions  was  the  sending  of  Christian 
Hope  to  open  a  work  in  Denmark  in  1876. 
In  1877  the  first  Brethren  missionaries 
were  sent  to  a  foreign  field.  The  work 
was  so  poorly  supported,  however,  that 
by  18S6  the  work  was  discontinued  and 
Hope  returned  to  America. 

The  problems  concerning  "conserva- 
tism" and  "progressivism"  were  the  major 
issues  which  "won  the  day"  during  these 

lew  \i'iirs  In  1880  the  Foreign  and  Do- 
meslic  Missionary  Board  was  created,  but 
apparently  little  missionary  zeal  was 
fostered.  In  1883  Holsinger  and  adher- 
ents of  "progressivism"  severed  fellow- 
ship to  organize  their  own  conference. 


With  the  heated  debate  of  the  previous 
few  years  out  of  the  way,  attention  was 
given  once  again  to  missions.  The  1890's 
was  characterized  by  the  start  of  city 
missions.  Some  were  successful  (Washing- 
ton, D.C.),  but  others  eventually  failed 
being  launched  without  proper  prepara- 
tion and  study  (the  Chicago  mission). 
Proper  methodology  in  opening  up  a  new 
work  proved  crucial  if  the  work  was  to 
be  fiuitful  and  endure.  Then,  1892  was 
the  year  that  the  conference  established 
the  National  Mission  Board.  It  was  de- 
cided that  a  work  would  be  opened  in 
India,  but  this  proved  abortive  as  a  re- 
sult, once  again,  of  improper  planning. 
From  then  on  the  National  Mission  Board 
gave  its  attention  only  to  home  missions 
imtil  1939  when  it  supported  the  Yoders 
in  Argentina. 

Not  satisfied  with  limiting  the  church's 
scope  in  missions  to  the  home  front,  such 
men  as  J.  C.  Cassel  and  C.  F.  Yoder  peti- 
tioned the  conference  of  1900  to  endorse 
the  formulation  of  a  society  which  would 
handle  foreign  missions.  Not  having  con- 
ference's approval  a  group  of  some  fifty- 
three  persons  (mostly  laymen i  met  under 
an  oak  tree  while  the  conference  contin- 
ued and  organized  the  Foreign  Mission- 
ary Society,  its  framers  being  the  charter 
members.  The  Society  never  became  a 
part  of  the  conference  but  it  was  accepted 
and  decided  that  aU  foreign  missions  and 
funds  thereto  would  be  placed  under  said 

J.  C.  Cassel,  Louis  Bauman,  C.  F.  Yoder 
and  J.  Allen  Miller  are  some  of  the  out- 
standing men  controlled  by  the  Holy  Spirit 
who  provided  the  initial  impetus  in  for- 
eign missions.  A  field  was  immediately 
sought  for,  and  Persia  seemed  the  most 
likely  one  since  some  unusual  turn  of 
events  brought  the  Brethren  into  contact 
with  a  Persian — one  named  Auraham — 
who  sounded  the  Macedonian  call.  There 
was  division  of  opinion  in  the  conference 
of  1902;  ne\ertheless  the  year  1903  saw 
Auraham  going  to  Persia  under  the  Breth- 
ren flag.  Unfortunately  the  field  was  so 
disrupted  by  war  that  the  work  never 
actually  got  a  good  start.  By  1906  no  fur- 
ther mention  was  made  of  the  Persian 
work  being  supported  by  the  F.M.S. 

The  year  1909  serves  as  a  proper  start- 
ing point  for  this  period  for  two  reasons: 

Marcii  29,  1969 

Page  Eleven 

(1)  it  is  the  year  that  the  Laymen's  Mis- 
sionary Movement  had  its  birth,  and  (2) 
it  is  the  year  that  the  Brethren  Churcli 
for  the  first  time,  and  at  long  last,  began 
a  lasting  vvorlv  in  a  foreign  field.  The 
thorny  problems  of  methodology  being 
more  fully  scrutinized,  it  was  with  careful 
deliberation  that  C.  F.  Yoder  and  Ills  wife 
were  finally  sent  to  pioneer  a  work  in 
Cordoba,  Argentina.  The  Laymen's  Mis- 
sionary Movement  no  doubt  added  fuel 
to  the  fire  that  had  begun  in  1900.  The 
work  in  Cordoba  increased  until  1939 
when  the  Grace  Brethren  assumed  con- 
trol of  the  work  there.  A  total  of  ten 
missionaries  were  on  the  field  at  the  time 
and  about  that  many  national  workers. 

An  even  more  inspiring  development 
during  this  period  is  the  opening  up  of 
the  Ubanghi-Shari  by  pioneer  James  Crib- 
ble in  191S.  His  is  the  thrilling  story  of 
prayer,  faith,  vision  and  sacrifice  couched 
in  language  cryptic  and  inscrutible  to  any 
but  the  spiritually  minded. 

Prior  to  1918  Gribble  had  made  over- 
tures to  the  Foreign  Missionary  Society 
but  to  no  avail.  His  vision  was  not  yet 
their  vision.  Gribble,  unthwarted,  went  on 
a  faith  basis  under  the  auspices  of  the 
African  Inland  Mission.  God's  purpose 
was  revealed  in  those  five  years  that  Grib- 
ble spent  in  Africa;  it  was  there  that  he 
not  only  became  burdened  for  Ubangi- 
Shari,  but  it  was  there  that  he  met  and 
married  Florence  Newberry.  They  both 
literally  gave  their  lives  that  Ubangi- 
Shari  might  be  conquered  for  Christ.  In 
1923,  tlie  year  of  James  Cribble's  death, 
the  missionary  offering  soared  and  Breth- 
ren were  so  stirred  that  by  1939  there 
were  24  missionaries  in  the  African  field. 
The  blood  of  si.x  lives  were  invested  in 
the  souls  of  Africa  and  the  Lord  gave 
magnificent  returns,  both  in  laborers  and 
souls  won  for  Christ.  Every  Brethren 
should  read  Dr.  Newberry  Cribble's  ac- 
count of  this  moving  drama  entitled  Un- 
daunted Hope. 


Controversy  in  the  church  arose  in  the 
latter  thirties  which  ruptured  the  brotlier- 
hood  in  1939.  The  cause  of  Christ  in  for- 
eign missions,  the  Brethren  Church  prac- 
tically lost  sight  of  in  the  ensuing  years. 
Since  the  Foreign  Missionary  Society 
went  with  the  Grace  group  their  work 
in  Africa  and  South  America — with  the 
sole  exception  of  Yoder  and  his  area  of 
ministry — all  fell  imder  the  control  of  the 
Grace  Brethren  Church.  Yoder,  who  had 
retired  on  pension,  .stayed  and  reorgan- 
ized the  field  enlarging  the  work.  He  re 
lired  .igain  m  194.5.  Since  lliai  nme  nui 
\\ur]\  llierc  has  progres.sed  ruUbUierablx 
A  radio  ministry  was  started  by  the  Byleis 

who  went  to  the  field  in  1948  (resigned 
9/67).  The  Eden  Bible  Institute  was  open- 
ed in  1965  e.xtending  our  ministry  even 
more.  Indigenization  of  the  church  has 
been  so  successful  that  today  the  pastoral 
work  is  completely  in  the  hands  of  the 

Having  no  field  in  Africa  where  we 
might  send  our  missionaries,  cooperation 
was  started  in  1948  with  the  Church  of 
the  Brethren  with  their  work  in  Nigeria. 
Missionaries  have  been  sent  to  minister 
in  various  facets  of  their  program,  such 
as  the  medical,  the  education,  and  the 
pastoral  ministry.  The  cooperation  of  our 
church  with  the  Church  of  the  Brethren 
has  been  satisfying  and  fruitful.  The  work 
presently  being  done  among  the  Higi  tribe 
is  an  excellent  example.  For  the  most 
part  that  is  now  our  own  foreign  field  in 
Africa.  Tliere  are  nearby  tribes  where  the 
Brethren  Cliurch  might  begin  a  new  work, 
but  the  Brethren  will  need  to  give  their 
support  in  a  greater  way  if  this  is  to  be 

1969-    ? 

What  is  our  future  in  foreign  missions? 
Is  it  possible  for  the  Brethren  Church  to 
recover  from  the  previous  period  of  mis- 
sionary set-back?  We  can  if  we  will  use 
the  past  to  help  us  instead  of  perpetuating 
old  wounds.  As  I  look  at  our  past  I  see 
weak  areas  and  strong  areas  in  foreign 
missions.  What  few  things  I  have  gleaned 
I  would  like  to  share. 

3Iissionary  Leadership.  Whenever  the 
Brethren  were  moved  for  foreign  missions, 
it  was  because  of  such  men  as  J.  C.  Cassel, 
Louis  S.  Bauman  and  James  S.  Gribble. 
The  Holy  Spirit  is  the  Lord  of  missions, 
true,  but  He  uses  men  as  His  instruments. 
The  Field  Secretary  of  the  Mission  Board 
is  one  man  who  is  pleading  the  cause  of 
missions  among  the  Brethren  today.  He 
desperately  needs  help  that  he  might  give 
himself  exclusively  to  the  cause  of  mis- 
sions. Would  there  be  enough  men  and 
women  in  the  church  who  would  care 
enough  to  give  $100  a  year  to  belong  to 
a  society  we  might  call  "The  Laymen's 
Foreign  Missionary  Society  of  the  Breth- 
ren Church"?  In  addition  to  the  annual 
dues  each  member  would  be  expected  to 
foster  foreign  missions  in  his  own  church. 
I  can  see  potential  here  for  strengthening 
our  missionary  forces. 

Missionary  Challenge.  In  the  past  the 
chiu'ch  was  moved  mightily  for  missions 
when  tliere  was  the  challenge  of  a  foreign 
field  ripe  for  harvest.  The  Ubangi-Shari 
work  brought  revival  in  missions  unprece- 
dented in  our  Brethren  historj'.  I  am 
liiiiidughlN  I'onvinced  that  Ihe  Brethren 
Cliurcli  laced  wilh  the  challenge  of  a  new 
foreign    field    with    the    potential    for    a 

Page  Twelve 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

great    harvest    would    respond    with    her 
workers  and  her  finances. 

Missionary  Education.  What  I  have  in 
mind  here  is  some  means  whereby  we 
could  educate  the  church  in  our  total 
missionary  program  to  give  crescendo  to 
our  recruitment  for  missions  and  our 
giving  to  missions.  A  periodical  on  mis- 
sions is  sorely  needed  in  the  church.  I 
understand  we  can  look  forward  to  such 
a  publication  in  the  near  future.  The  sem- 
inary can  play  an  active  role  by  girding 
its  curriculum  with  a  strong  missionary 
emphasis.  Missionary  conferences  have 
been  held  over  the  past  few  years  in  the 
seminary  which  lend  themselves  very  well 
to  fostering  a  missionary  spirit.  But  they 
are  not  sufficient.  A  solid  curriculum  in 
missions  needs  to  be  set  up  to  train  not 

only  missionaries,  but  to  train  pastors  to 
be  missionary  minded.  This  brings  us  to 
the  pastor  who  is  really  the  key-man  in 
missions.  As  goes  the  pastor  so  goes  the 
church.  Brethren  churches  are  not  mis- 
sionary minded  simply  because  their  pas- 
tors are  not  missionary  minded.  God  give 
us  pastors  at  home  who  are  missionaries! 
The  pastor  can  hold  missionary  confer- 
ences (and  do  not  be  afraid  to  include 
missionaries  from  other  denominations; 
they  can  greatly  strengthen  the  program), 
preach  on  missions,  teach  on  missions, 
and  be  an  example  of  what  missionary 
mindedness  really  is  by  baing  an  all-out 
soul  winner  for  Christ. 

What  is  our  future  in  missions?  Maybe 
you  can  answer  that,  dear  reader. 


1  After  the  division  in  1939  the  Foreign  Missionary 
Society  continued  its  fervor  in  missions.  Today  the  So- 
ciety has  seven  fields:  Argentina  (1909),  Central  Af- 
rican Republic — then  Oubangui-Chari  (1918),  Brazil 
(1949),  France  (1951),  Mexico  (1951),  Hawaii  (1953), 
and  Puerto  Rico  (1959).  This  represents  a  total  staff 
of  100  missionaries  and  an  annual  budget  of  over 
$400,000.  Goddard,  Burton  L.,  ed.,  The  Encyclopedia  of 
Jlodern  Christian  Missions  (London:  Thomas  Nelson 
&  Sons,  1967),  p.  95. 

2Cf.  Acts  8:1-4. 

3  For  more  detail  on  the  Ephrata  movement,  read 
Ronk,  Albert  T.,  History  of  the  Brethren  Church,  Chap- 
ter 6. 

Pi  sure    2 

CUUBCH   GHOWTH    FROK    1708    TO    I968 

(A   mission 

-minded   ch'jrch 

is  a  growing  chur 



A  S8,ooo0?so) 








\   y 



— ' — 1 . — J 

-1 — 

-1 1 1 1 

Rev.  Grieve  is  a  student  at  Ashland  Theo- 
logical Seminary  and  this  paper  was  done 
for  a  class  in  missions. 

I  March  29,  1969 

Page  Thirteen 

World  Missions  in  Argentina 

An  open  air  Bible  class 


EVANGELISM  and  cliurch  planting  are  but  two  sides 
of  the  same  coin.  Penetration  is  made  into  un- 
cvangelized  communities  with  the  Gospel,  followed  by 
the  banding  together  of  tlie  new  converts  into  study 
and  worship  groups,  and  later  organized  into  churches. 
Spiritual  nurture  combines  with  preparation  for  witnes- 
sing, to  produce  an  organism  which  grows  simultane- 
ously within  and  without. 

Church  planting  in  Argentina  has  been  a  slow  but 
steadily  increasing  process.  The  national  church,  with 
considerable  development  in  spiritual  maturity,  is  now 
at  work  in  several  towns  and  areas  hitherto  unreached 
with  an  evangelical  witness.  An  increasing  openness  of 
Argentines  to  the  Gospel  gives  urgency  to  our  stepped- 
up  financial  support  and  personnel  additions  for  maxi- 
mum growth  and  effectiveness. 


The  developing  Argentine  church  requires  more  and 
better  trained  leaders.  Eden  Bible  Institute  has  been 
established  to  meet  both  this  existing  and  the  antici- 
pated future  needs. 

Last  December  marked  the  inilestone  of  the  first 
graduating  class  from  the  Institute.  Of  the  four  grad- 
uates, two  yoimg  men  are  serving  previously  pastorles? 
churches,  a  young  woman  is  in  the  pastorate  of  a  sister 
e\'angelical  churcli  since  her  marriage  to  the  pastor, 
and  the  fourth  graduate  is  actively  at  work  in  his  local 

It  is  here  that  we  can  niake  a  long-range  contribu- 
tion; bj'  helping  to  staff  the  faculty  as  needed,  and  witli 
the  ever-present  undergirding  of  this  institution  so 
essential  to  the  effectiveness  of  the  church's  ministry. 
Our  prayers  and  support  validate  our  partnership  in 
this  extending  ministry. 

Entrance  to  Eden  Bible  Institute 


IP      "■■ 

BBP^^'-      ^     ,  r 




New  sound  trailer  for  film  evangelism 


Local  church  evangelism  must  be  teamed  witlr  the 
Argentine  Church's  efforts  to  reach  into  the  many 
towns  and  cities  presently  without  any  evangelical  test- 

Various  means  are  used  for  this  mass  evangelism  ef- 
fort. New  churches  have  come  into  being  in  past  years 
through  tent  campaigns,  using  pastors  and  talented 
laymen  to  work  in  these  needy  areas.  Cooperation  in 
city-wide  campaigns  conducted  in  the  larger  cities  has 
also  yielded  additions  to  the  Body  of  Christ,  the  Church. 

The  evangelistic  film  ministry,  using  the  new  sound 
trailer  and  equipment  borrowed  from  our  fruitful  radio 
ministry,  provides  another  highly  potential  means  for 
sharing  the  Gospel  with  thousands  of  previously  un- 
reached people.  Argentines  and  missionaries  combine 
their  outreach  efforts  in  this  great  work,  under  the 
Lord's  leadership. 

Page  Fourteen 

Ibe  Brethren  Evangelist 


'  I  'HE  SOLOMONS  are  currently  making  their  liome  in 
1  Louisville,  Kentucky,  where  Ken  is  engaged  in  a  doc- 
toral program  at  Southern  Baptist  Theological  Seminary. 
His  leave  of  absence  ends  in  Februarj'  1970,  when  the 
Solomons  are  scheduled  to  return  to  Argentina.  They  will 
be  re-assigned  to  Eden  Bible  Institute,  in  Soldini  (near 
Rosario),  where  they  will  again  serve  on  the  school's 

During  their  last  term  Ken  was  pastor  of  the  newly 
establislied  church  in  Soldini,  and  directed  the  students  in 
a  practical  program  of  visitation  and  personal  evangelism 
in  neighboring  communities.  They  were  also  engaged  in  a 
kindergarten  operation,  which  was  an  extension  of  the 
Soldini  Church's  ministry.  As  with  ah  the  other  mission- 
aries. Ken  was  active  in  the  functions  of  the  national 
church  program. 

Ken  and  Jan  Solomon 
Tim,  Becky,  Joel  and  Margie 

npHE  CURTISES  are  home  on  furlough, 
1  residing  at  310  Diamond  Street,  Ash- 
land, Ohio.  During  this  year  Bill  will  be  en- 
gaged in  deputation  in  churches  through- 
out our  brotherhood.  On  their  return  to  Ar- 
gentina in  December  1969,  they  will  be 
stationed  in  Buenos  Aires,  where  Bill  will 
represent  The  Brethren  Churcli  in  our  radio 
and  evangelistic  campaign  ministries  with 
CAVEA.  He  will  also  share  a  part  in  the 
work  of  the  Brethren  Church  in  Argentina's 
national  organization. 

During  the  Curtises'  first  term,  I  ho  first 
two  years  were  spent  working  in  the  record- 
ing studios  at  31G2-6S  O'Higgins  Street,  our 
Brethren  Headquarters,  and  in  various  evan- 
gelistic crusades.  The  latter  two  years  saw 
the  Curtises  in  the  pastorate  at  Cordoba. 
During  Bill's  ministry  there,  the  church  ad- 
vanced in  membership  and  stewardship,  and 
also  launched  a  buUding  program  for  expan- 
ding the  church's  facilities.  The  church  is 
under  lay  leadership  until  an  Argentine  pas- 
tor can  be  located  in  this  pastorate. 

Bill  and  Fran  Curtis 

March  29,  1969 

Page  Fifteen 


John  and  Regina  Rowsey 
Philip,  Susan  and  Valerie 

■"pHE  ROWSEYS  make  their  home  in  our 
1  studio  and  headquarters  building  in 
Buenos  Aires.  John  divides  Iiis  time  between 
the  radio  and  campaign  ministries  we  share 
in  CAVEA  and  the  various  activities  carried 
on  by  the  Argentine  Brethren  Church.  He 
has  also  had  much  to  do  with  training  of 
leaders  on  the  national  level,  and  particu- 
larh'  in  the  area  of  finance. 

John  and  Jeanne  and  their  family  are  due 
to  return  to  the  U.S.A.  in  March  1970,  with 
the  Curtises  assuming  their  responsibilities 
upon  their  departure.  John  has  engaged  in 
many  of  the  national  church's  ministries, 
with  exception  of  teaching  at  Eden  Bible 
Institute.  Jeanne  serves  continually  in  the 
unofficial  yet  deeply  appreciated  capacity  of 
hostess  for  both  the  missionaries  and  Argen- 
tina bretltren  during  their  frequent  visits  to 
the  capital  city  of  Buenos  Aires,  and  for  the 
delegates  of  the  Legal  Conference  which 
convenes  annually  at  our  headquarters. 

THE  ASPINALLS  are  stationed  in  the 
town  of  Soldini,  though  it  is  anticipated 
that  they  will  move  into  nearby  Rosario 
when  a  suitable  residence  can  be  acquired. 
Ray  and  Marilyn  serve  on  the  faculty  of 
Eden  Bible  Institute,  helping  to  prepare 
young  people  for  the  ministry  and  spiritual 
leadership  in  tlie  church. 

This  is  their  second  term  of  service  in 
Argentina.  The  Aspinalls  shared  with  the 
Solomons  tlie  gigantic  task  of  establishing 
Eden  Bible  Institute,  and  in  the  crucial 
opening  >-ears  of  operation.  Ray  has  also 
pastored  several  of  the  smaller  cliurclies  in 
outlying  areas  of  the  Rosario-Soldini  vicinity. 
He  has  also  had  a  part  in  the  musical  minis- 
try of  CAVEA,  in  addition  to  his  leadership 
responsibilities  in  the  Argentine  Brethren 


Ray  and  Maiiljai  Aspinall 
Mark,  Kathy  and  Claudia 

Page  Sixteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 


RICARDO  RIVERO  is  minister 
of  the  Nunez  Church   in 
Buenos  Aires,  where  the  national 
church  headquarters  and  radio 
studios  are  located.  Ricardo  and 
Nellie  have  three  children.  Ho 
was  ordained  in  1961  after  Bible 
institute  training.  Ricardo  has 
had  several  successful  pastorates 
and  gives  vigorous  leadership  in 
all  the  church,  in  spite  of  the  loss 
of  his  foot  in  an  auto  accident 
some  years  ago. 

TUAN  ARREGIN  is  pastor  of  the 
^       Brethren   Church   at  Colon, 
and  also  is  minister  of  the  smaller 
church  at  Maria  Teresa.  Juan  and 
Amelia  both  have  an  active  place 
in  the  leadership  of  the  national 
church,  demonstrating  their  capable 
leadership  before  and  after  Juan's 
ordination  in  1965.  He  is  president 
of  the  Missionary  Council  and 
Council  of  Elders,  directing  in 
outreach  and  missions. 

TOMAS  MULDER  currently 
serves  as  President  of  the 
Directive  Commission  and  Director 
of  Eden  Bible  Institute.  Tomas 
and  Negra,  with  their  three 
children,  reside  in  the  Director's 
Residence  on  campus  at  Soldini. 
He  is  ordained  and  a  member  of 
the  Cordoba  Church.  For  more  than 
a  decade  he  served  as  district 
director  of  the  Argentine  Bible 
Society.  He  was  educated  in 
Argentina  and  Mexico. 

ARMANDO  ORTIZ  is  minister  of 
the  Gerli  Church,  located  in 
Buenos  Aires.  His  training  includes 
Bible  institute,  a  year  of  seminary, 
and  special  instruction  for  work 
with  the  Argentine  Bible  Society. 
He  anticipates  ordination  in  the 
near  future.  He  and  his  wife,  Nioves, 
are  parents  of  one  son,  Joel. 
Armando  is  a  Chilean  who  was 
converted  in  a  United  Campaign 
in  Buenos  Aires  in  19.57. 

DON  VARELA,  as  he  is 
affectionately  called,  is  pastor 
of  the  small  church  at  Villa 
Mugueta,  which  meets  in  the  homes 
of  various  members.  He  is 
ordained   and   fondly   recalls   his 
years  under  the  ministry  of  Dr. 
Charles  Yoder.  Though  semi- 
retired,  Pastor  Varela  is  still  active 
in  the  national  church  and  in  the 
Bible  institute  at  Soldini.  He  is  an 
ardent  evangelistic  personal 


member  of  the  first 
graduating  class  of  Eden  Bible 
Institute.  For  the  past  year  he 
lias  served  as  pastor  of  the  Bombal 
Church,  first  as  a  student  and 
now  with  greater  responsibilitj'. 
As  is  the  practice,  ordination  will 
not  come  until  he  has  had  more 
experience  in  the  ministry 
Init  it  is  expected  that  this  young 
native  of  Bolivia  vi'ill  become  a 
fine  pastor. 

March  29,  1969 

Page  Seventeen 


OSCAR  VENA  is  pastor  of  the 
thriving  church  at  Villa 
Constitucion  and  also  has  oversiglit 
of  the  annex  now  known  as  Church 
of  the  Redeemer.  His  wife,  Eva, 
is  sister  of  Pastor  Juan  Arregin. 
Tlie  Venas  have  two  young  sons. 
He  has  had  four  years  of  Bible 
institute  training  and  is  now 
ordained.  He  has  served  on  several 
national  bodies  and  is  currently 
treasurer  of  the  Argentine  Church. 

charge  of  the  Rosario  Church, 
wliere  he  and  Estlier  and  their 
five  children  have  been  located 
since  196.3.  Hector  has  received 
Bible  institute  training  and  was 
ordained  in  1960.  He  serves  the 
national  church  as  a  council 
member  of  Eden  Bible  Institute,  the 
Directive  Commission  and  Council 
of  Elders,  and  works  cooperativGl.y 
with  the  Bible  Society  and  Child 


is  neither  pastor  nor  national; 
rather,  she  is  a  second-generation 
missionary.  The  daughter  of 
pioneer  missionary  Dr.  Charles  F. 
Yoder  and  a  graduate  of  Ashland 
College,  she  serves  as  a  professor 
and  member  of  the  coimcil  of  our 
Eden  Bible  Institute,  in  Soldini. 
Her  home  is  in  Cordoba,  where 
lier  son.  Dr.  Norman  Romanenghi, 
is  moderator  of  that  congregation. 

ROBERTO  MARCHESI  is  pastor' 
of  the  cliurch  at  Victoria. 
He  and  his  wife,  Margarita,  witli 
tlieir  infant  daughter,  serve  in 
this  isolated  city  of  20,000  as  the 
onlj'  evangelical  witness.  Roberto, 
a  former  member  of  the  Cordoba 
Church  graduated  from  Eden 
Bible  Institute  in  1968.  He  looks 
toward  ordination  at  a  later  date. 
A  converted  alcoholic,  his  strong 
ministry  is  evangelism. 

ESTEBAN  ANTON,  with  his  wife 
and  daughter,  lead  the  cliurcli 
at  Bernal,  a  suburb  in  the  greater 
Buenos  Aires.  A  special  ministry 
of  the  Antons  is  their  numerous 
weekly  cottage  prayer  and  Bible 
study  meetings.  He  had  previouslj' 
pastored  two  independent  churches 
but  several  years  ago  Bernal 
was  united  with  the  Brethren 
Church  in  Argentina. 

BERNARDO  PONCE  conducts  the 
church  in  his  home  at 
Florencio  Varela.  His  wife, 
Franeisca,  and  daughter,  Laura, 
actively  share  in  his  ministry.  As 
is  often  a  necessity  with  Argentine 
pastors,  he  supplements  his  income 
as  an  industrial  mechanic  in  a 
nearby  factorj'.  He  was  ordained  in 
1961  and  has  served  the  national 
church  on  both  the  Directive 
Commission  and  the  Council 
of  Elders. 

Page  Eighteen 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

World  Missions  in  Nigeria 

How  GREAT  is  the  transformation 
when  a  Nigerian  pagan  receives 
Christ  into  his  heai't  and  life!  Of  Course, 
Nigeria  has  no  corner  on  paganism,  for  it 
can  be  noticed  in  one  form  or  another 
most  anywhere — including  the  U.S.A.! 

To  the  Nigerian  pagan,  a  most  amaz- 
ing part  of  the  Gospel  message  is  the 
fact  that  God  loves  him.  A  loving  "god" 
is  strange  to  his  experience,  for  the  gods 
of  his  people  are  spirits  to  be  feared.  They 
are  to  be  placated,  even  by  the  offering 
of  blood  sacrifices,  to  ward  off  the  evil 
which  might  come  from  the  hand  of  an 

V  '  / 

angry  god.  To  discover  that  the  great  God,  He  who  created  all 
things,  should  so  love  him  that  He  gave  His  Son — His  death  to  give 
new  life  to  liumanity — is  startling  but  wonderful  knowledge.  And  to 
find  out  that  God  cares  enough  for  him,  not  only  to  save  him  but  to 
keep  him,  is  glad  tidings  for  him  and  good  news  to  be  shcired  with 
his  brother  Nigerians.  Hence  comes  both  transformation  of  life 
and  grovrth  in  the  church. 

There  is  no  easy  step  from  the  life  of  a  pagan  into  that  of  a 
Christian.  The  majority  of  Nigerians  with  whom  our  missionaries 
work  can  neither  read  nor  write;  not  because  they  are  incapable 
of  learning  but  because  they  have  not  had  the  opportunity.  So, 
when  the  Gospel  is  proclaimed  and  they  decide  to  accept  and  follow 
after  the  God  who  loves  them,  there  must  of  necessity  come  an 
introduction  into  an  entirely  different  and  new  way  of  life.  This 
work  is  usually  done  by  an  evangelist,  often  a  person  who  him- 
self is  rather  limited  in  knowledge  of  the  Way  but  willing  to  share 
the  things  which  to  him  have  become  reality  by  faith. 

Being  an  animist,  the  Nigerian  pagan  has  many  gods  around 
him,  wherever  he  is.  A  liigh  rock  formation  may  represent  a  cer- 
tain deity — or  the  wind,  or  trees,  or  other  objects.  When  he  comes 
to  know  with  mind  and  heart  that  there  is  only  one  God,  the  great 
God  of  love,  then  he  must,  hke  those  Thessalonians  of  so  long  ago, 
turn  "from  idols  to  serve  the  living  and  true  God."  The  cross  be- 
comes to  him  a  symbol  of  sacrifice  and  a  reminder  of  God's  love 
for  him. 

A  noteworthy  characteristic  of  the  Nigerian  Cliristian  is  his 
desire  to  share  Christ  with  others  who  have  never  heard.  Perhaps 
this  is  one  of  the  reasons  why  the  Nigerian  Church  continues  to 
grow  so  rapidly,  under  the  blessing  of  God.  Local  churches  are 
concerned  that  villages  near  and  far  should  know  that  God  loves 
them,  that  Christ  His  Son  gave  His  life  that  they  might  have  new 
life.  Their  concern  moves  them  to  send  out  evangelists  into  these 
places,  bearing  their  support  to  the  extent  of  their  resources. 

This  is  a  small  glimpse  into  an  area  where  the  Gospel  has  been 
proclaimed  by  our  missionaries,  resulting  in  a  marvelous  trans- 
formation in  the  lives  of  pagans  born  anew  as  Christians.  Great  is 
the  open  door  which  the  Lord  has  set  before  us.  Urgently  needed 
are  more  workers,  national  and  missionary  alike;  with  the  accom- 
panying prayer  and  financied  support  needed  to  sustain  them  in 
their  penetration  of  pagan  strongholds.  Let  us  respond  with  whole- 
hearted commitment  to  this  great  opportunity  for  missionary 

March  29,  1969 

Page  Nineteen 

Missionaries  to  Nigeria 

Lairy  and  Rose  Bolinger 
David,  Susan,  Jon  and  Brian 

•"pHE  BOLINGERS  aie  serving  on  the  busli 
1  station  at  Mbororo,  worlting  among  the 
Higi  people.  Larry  and  Rose  expect  to  com- 
plete their  first  term  this  coming  June  and 
will  return  home  for  a  year  of  furlough. 
Much  of  their  time  at  home  will  be  used 
for  training  in  Uteracy  work,  to  supplement 
the  linguistic  work  of  two  of  Wycliffe  Trans- 
lators who  are  currently  reducing  the  Higi 
language  into  writing.  They  plan  to  follow 
with  translation  of  the  New  Testament  into 
Higi.  The  Bolingers  will  then  take  up  from 
this  point  with  a  literacy  program,  in  order 
{o  enable  the  Higi  people  to  read  and  write 
and  to  liave  the  Scriptures  in  tlieir  own 
heart  language. 

It  is  here  among  the  Higi  people  tliat  we 
are  experiencing  a  wide  receptivity  to  the 
Gospel.  Though  there  is  great  growth 
throughout  the  Nigerian  Church,  the  growth 
among  the  Higi  churches  continues  to  be  one 
of  the  \ery  highest.  We  are  pleased  to  know 
tliat  by  request  of  the  Nigerian  Church  the 
BoUngers  will  be  reassigned  to  Mbororo  and 
the  Higi  churches  on  their  retui-n  to  Nigeria 
after  furlough. 

■"pHE  WINFIELDS  are  stationed  at  Kulp  Bible  School,  where  botli 
1  serve  on  the  faculty.  After  a  year  of  Hausa  language  stud}'  and 
orientation  at  Michigan  State  University's  African  Studies  Center,  Dick 
and  Kitty  traveled  to  Nigeria  for  what  they  presumed  would  be  a  term 
on  a  bush  station  as  a  churchman.  Instead,  due  to  an  urgent  need  at 
Kulp,  they  were  reassigned  to  the  teaching  staff. 

Kulp  Bible  School  is  attempting  to  meet  the  leadership  needs  of  a 
national  church  growing  at  the  rate  of  more  than  20'/c  annually.  It  can 
be  seen  that  the  Winfields'  work,  and  that  of  their  colleagues,  is  an  im- 
portant contribution  to  the  present  growth  of  the  church,  and  to  its 
future  development  as  well.  To  them  lias  come  an  increasing  measure  of 
responsibiUty  since  their  arrival  in  Nigeria,  both  with  the  teaching  loads 
in  the  Hausa  language  and  in  the  school's  administration. 

Dick  and  Kitty  Winfield 

Fage  Twenty 

Pastor  Daniel  Kwaha 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

Nigeria  National  Workers 

PASTOR  DANIEL  is  the  first  Higi  man  to  be  ordained  to  the  ministry.  Converted 
as  a  leper  and  trained  at  Kulp  Bible  School,  this  humble  man  is  being  used 
wonderfully  in  the  developing  Higi  churches. 

Daniel  and  his  family  live  at  Mbororo,  where  the  Bolingers  also  make  their  home. 
With  work  among  the  Higis  begun  by  Bob  and  Bea  Bischof  in  late  1957,  the  prom- 
ise of  growth  soon  became  apparent.  In  time.  Pastor  Daniel  joined  the  Bischofs  in 
their  ministries,  to  assist  and  be  trained  by  Bob.  When  the  Bischofs  returned  home 
for  furlough  the  full  load  of  pastoral  oN'ersight  rested  upon  Daniel.  This  respon- 
sibility became  greater  when  it  was  known  that  due  to  Bea's  health  condition,  they 
would  be  unable  to  return  to  Nigeria. 

Though  crippled  in  foot  and  hand  by  dreaded  leprosy,  Daniel  has  been  a  faithful, 
untiring  spiritual  leader;  traveling  over  the  hills  of  Higiland  on  the  back  of  a  donk- 
ey to  give  oversight  to  the  seven  churches  and  sLxty  preaching  points  there. 

With  the  coming  of  Larry  and  Rose  Bolinger  to  Mbororo  the  Higi  work  received 
a  needed  boost.  Larry  and  Pastor  Daniel  have  continued  to  work  as  a  team,  travel- 
ing far  and  near  in  the  interest  of  souls  and  upbuilding  of  the  church.  As  the  time 
approaches  for  the  Bolingers'  furlough,  we  are  thankful  that  there  are  two  addi- 
tional workers,  John  and  Zira,  who  will  be  working  witli  Daniel  as  spiritual  leaders 
of  the  Higi  churches. 

JOHN  is  a  young  Higi  leader  vvlio  lias  just  recently 
^  graduated  from  the  Theological  College  of  Northern 
Nigeria  (TCNN)  at  Bukuru  (near  Josi.  He  and  his 
classmate,  Zira,  entered  the  seminary  to  prepare  for 
further  ministries  in  the  church,  after  passing  rigid 
examinations  for  cjualification.  He  and  Zira  made  com- 
mendable records  while  in  scliool  and  have  now  both 
been  assigned  to  the  Higi  churches.  Both  of  tliese  men 
will  lead  in  an  enlarged  program  of  training  for  village 
evangelists  and  their  outvillage  work,  each  sharing  in  a 
division  of  the  new  plan.  Half  of  the  salaries  of  these 
two  men  will  be  borne  b>'  the  Nigerian  Ciiurch.  and  the 
otlier  half  provided  by  the  Higi  churches  which  will  be 
served.  This  is  a  real  step  of  faith  on  the  part  of  both 
the  national  church  and  tlie  individual  Higi  congi'e- 





1^*.     ai»-  ,^ 

■  "^tW^^^*'^^ 


■    _-.  ■     ■,  =  "^;^'^ 


John  Guli 

Zira  Diya 

"^IRA  is  a  recent  graduate  of  the  Theological  College 
X  .  of  Northern  Nigeria  (TCNN)  at  Bukuru  (near 
Jos),  Nigeria.  He,  like  his  fellow  Higi,  John,  qualified 
by  examination  to  enter  this  seminarj'  for  advance 
training  in  theology  and  church  leadership.  He  has 
Ijeen  assigned  by  the  Nigerian  Ciiurch  to  the  Higi 
churches,  to  engage  in  an  expanded  program  of  out- 
\illage  evangelistic  woik  and  village  evangelist  training. 
Our  church  lias  provided  the  scholarships  to  cover  cost 
of  his  training  in  the  theological  college,  as  a  promising 
young  Higi  Christian  who  can  give  significant  leader- 
ship to  the  churches  in  these  important  times. 

March  29,  1969 

Page  Xwenty-one 

Evangelistic  Crusade  in  Argentina 

AN  effective  outgi'owth  of  our  Gospel  radio 
ministiy  is  found  in  the  evangelistic  cam- 
paigns and  cmsades.  Musicians  and  technicians 
team  up  with  others  of  the  CAVEA  organization 
to  reach  out  with  the  Gospel  in  highly  populated 
metropolitan  areas. 

Bill  Curtis  and  Ray  Aspinall  have  shared  in  the 
musical  ministry,  with  John  Rowsey  and  Bill  Cur- 
tis also  helping  with  the  vastly  complicated  sound 
systems  as  technicians.  Pastor  Fernando  Van- 
gioni,  our  CAVEA  radio  speaker  down  through 
the  yeai's,  is  often  the  evangelist,  and  tenor  Fran- 
cisco Bilbao  the  featured  soloist. 

We  are  thankful  for  the  opportunity  to  share 
in  this  wonderful  ministry.  It  is  in  this  way  that 
people  who  might  not  othei-wise  be  contacted  are 
encouraged  to  come  to  these  sei'vices,  resulting  in 
scores  of  persons  coming  to  know  Christ  as  Savior 
and  Lord. 

Special  music  for  crusade 

Brethren  missionaries  and  other 

radio  workers 

Audience  in  Luna  Paik  Stadium,  Buenos  Aires 

Piige  Twenty-twu 

The  Brethren  Jblvangelis 

Progress  in  Cordoba 


THE  LAST  two  years  of  our  recently-completed  term 
in  Argentina  was  a  time  of  great  blessing  to  us  as 
W3  ministered  to  tlie  brethren  in  Cordoba,  Argentina. 
It  was  an  enriching  spiritual  experience  for  us  and  an 
opportunity  to  see  tlie  people  advance  in  their  faith 
and  witness.  Even  as  tlie  congregation  was  being  built 
up  in  Christ  we  were  also  led  into  construction  of  a  new 
church  building,  to  provide  adequate  facilities  for  Chris- 
tian education  and  worship. 

We  ask  that  you  remember  these  and  the  rest  of  ou: 
Argentine  Brethren  in  your  prayers.  Now  there  ar( 
more  open  doors  and  greater  opportunities  than  eve: 
before  for  reaching  the  lost,  but  we  need  more  laborers 
both  missionaries  and  nationals  aUke.  "Pray  ye  there 
fore  the  Lord  of  the  harvest,  that  He  would  send  fortl 
laborers  into  his  harvest.  .  ."  and  that  having  beei 
called,  they  will  go. 

THIS  IS  the  new  church  building  a 
Cordoba  as  it  now  stands.  The  strut 
ture  is  about  25'  .x  50'.  The  new  sanctuary 
will  more  than  double  the  present  seatinj 
capacity.  The  old  hall  will  then  be  cor 
verted  into  classrooms  for  the  Sunda; 

Progress  is  slow  because  building  ma 
terials  are  expensive  and  even  thougl: 
giving  is  steady,  funds  are  limited.  It  i, 
a  real  sacrifice  that  many  of  these  bret? 
ren  are  making  in  tlieir  giving.  The  Coi' 
doba  brethren  are  to  be  commended  fo 
their  vision  and  testimony.  Out  of  thi 
church  has  come  five  young  persons  wh 
are  now  students  in  our  Eden  Bible  Inst 
tute.  We  praise  the  Lord  for  this! 


Since  the  Cordoba  church  does  not  as 
yet  have  a  baptistry,  the  services  are  held 
at  the  beautiful  campsite  "Diquecito"  ( thi> 
word  means  "little  dike").  In  late  Novem- 
bar  four  persons  went  through  the  waters 
of  baptism  in  this  gently  flowing  river 
beneath  the  great  weeping  willow  trees. 

March  29,  1989 

Page  Twenty-three 

In  Memoriam 


BRETHREN  throug-hout  our  brotherhood 
win  be  saddened  to  leai'n  of  the  home- 
going  on  March  3  of  Ruth  Diffenderfer,  a  life- 
long member  of  the  Brethren  Church  at 
Lanark,  Illinois.  Though  only  thirty  years 
old,  her  life  was  an  active  Christian  witness 
in  the  local  church,  and  in  district  and  na- 
tional activities. 

By  profession  Miss  Diffenderfer  was  an 
elementary  teacher,  but  her  greatest  desire 
was  to  serve  as  a  missionary  in  Argentina. 
Due  to  the  limitation  of  diabetes  this  aspir- 
ation was  impossible;  nevertheless,  her  inter- 
est was  notably  expressed  in  missionary 
support,  promotion  and  encouragement.  Many 
Brethren  will  remember  her  behind-the- 
scenes  participation  of  the  annual  Missioiiary 
Banquet  at  General  Conference  from  year  to 
year,  for  missions  seemed  to  be  her  first 

To  continue  her  interest  and  devotion,  a 
memorial  fund  has  been  established  in  her 
memoiy  by  the  Missionary  Board.  It  is  known 
RIAL FUND.  Its  use  will  be  devoted  to  edu- 
cation of  missionaries'  children  on  the  elemen- 
taiy  and  secondary  levels,  in  keeping  with  her 
coupled  interest  in  missions  and  education. 

Brethren  wishing-  to  peipetuate  Ruth's 
missionary  stewardship  in  her  memory  are 
invited  to  send  contributions  to  the  ilission- 
ary  Boai'd  of  the  Brethren  Church,  indicating 
with  the  remittance  that  it  is  for  the  RUTH 

After  the  baptismal  services,  the  laying  on  of  hands  is 
administered  by  the  pastor  and  one  of  the  faithful  deacons, 
Senor  Guide  Molino.  It  was  an  impressive  service. 

P:ige  Twenty-fonr 

The  Brethren  Evangelist 

TN  THESE  two  article  I  would  like  to 
-*■  center  our  attention  on  the  two  basic 
ordinances  in  the  New  Testament  as  i( 
relates  to  the  Church.  This  first  one  deals 
with  baptism,  and  the  second  one  witli 
the  Lord's  Supper. 

Whether  these  ordinances  are  regarded 
as  possessing  only  symbolic  value  or 
whether  they  are  sacraments  which  con- 
fer spiritual  grace  directly,  they  are  cen- 
tral to  the  worship  of  all  Christian  groups. 
In  these  ordinances,  the  heart  of  Christian 
doctrine  is  enacted  in  visible  form. 

Dr.  Merrill  C.  Tenney,  writing  in  Basic 
Christian  Doctrine,  edited  by  Dr.  Carl  F. 
H.  Henry,  says  "Baptism  is  the  rite  by 
which  a  professed  believer  was  inducted 
into  the  fellowship  of  the  New  Testament 
church.  By  submitting  to  immersion  in 
water  ...  he  confessed  publically  his  need 
of  cleansing  from  sin  and  his  faith  in 
Christ.  Peter  instructed  his  audience  on 
the  day  of  Pentecost  to  'Repent,  and  be 
baptized  ...  in  the  name  of  Jesus  Christ 
for  the  remission  of  sins,  and  each  sub- 
sequent stage  of  the  church's  growth  was 
marked  by  baptism  of  the  believers'  (Acts 
8:12,  38;  9:10;  10:47,  48;  16:33;  18:8). 

"The  concept  of  baptism  is  rooted  in  the 
Old  Testament  law,  which  prescribed  cer- 
tain washings  for  the  cleansing  of  dis- 
eased persons  (Lev.  14:8).  Proselytes  en- 
tering Judaism  were  expected  to  strip 
themselves  completely,  after  which  they 
were  reckoned  members  of  the  Jewish 
community.  The  rite  was  acknowledgment 
of  defilement  and  of  the  acceptance  of  the 
law  as  a  purifying  agent.  The  baptism  of 
John  must  have  been  founded  upon  cur- 
rent usage,  for  his  hearer  were  not  sur- 
prised when  he  proclaimed  it,  and  the 
Scriptures  take  the  significance  for  grant- 
ed. John  the  Baptist,  however,  realized 
that  his  ministry  of  baptism  was  only 
preparatory,  for  he  expected  the  advent  of 
another  who  would  baptize  'with  the  Holy 
Spirit   (Mark  1:8)." 

Our  Brethren  founders  were  well  ac- 
quainted with  these  New  Testament  teach- 
ings as  well  as  the  historical  practice  of 
the  early  church.  They  were  students  of 
the  Word  of  God,  as  well  as  history.  When 
one  visits  Schwarzenau,  Germany,  he  can 
see  tlie  room  in  the  mill  formerly  owned 
by  Alexander  Mack,  where  our  Brethren 
forefathers  met  for  prayer  and  diligent 
study  of  the  Scriptures.  It  was  not  by 
accident  that  these  pioneers  of  Brethren- 
ism  decided  on  immersion  as  the  proper 
mode  of  baptism.  Ratlier,  this  is  wliat 
their  lionest  study  eonipelled  tliem  to  do! 

As  one  reads  Brethren  history,  then, 
he  reads  that  early  one  morning  in  the 
summer  of  1708,  eight  pious  souls  filed 
down  to  the  Eider  River,  surrounded  by 
many  curious  witnesses,  knelt  in  prayer, 









March  29,  1969 

Page  Twenty-five 

and  then  one  of  them  led  Alexander  Mack 
into  the  water  and  immersed  him  three 
times,  in  the  name  of  the  Father,  and  of 
the  Son.  and  of  the  Holy  Ghost.  Then 
Alexander  Mack  baptized  the  other  seven, 
and  these  eight,  perhaps  the  first  to  re- 
ceive trine  immersion  in  the  history  of 
the  Protestant  Church,  organized  a  new- 
congregation.  (See  Brumbaugh  A  History 
Of  The  Brethren,  p.  29 1. 

One  might  ask,  "Since  immersion  was 
not  being  practiced  at  this  time,  why  did 
these  Brethren  pioneers  elect  to  baptize 
by  immersion?"  The  answer  is  that  they 
rejected  all  man-made  creeds  and  took 
the  New  Testament  as  their  rule  of  faith 
and  practice.  They  studied  the  Scriptures 
very  carefully  and  discovered  that  this 
was  the  New  Testament  practice,  without 

The  word  "baptize"  means  to  "dip,  to 
plunge,  to  immerse."  There  is  no  exception 
to  this  meaning  when  the  ordinances  of 
baptism  is  meant.  Dr.  Tenney  says,  "The 
Greek  verb  'baptize,'  which  has  been 
transliterated  rather  than  translated, 
means  fundamentally  to  dip,  plunge,  im- 
merse. After  making  allowance  for  cer- 
tain occasional  exceptions,  such  as  pas- 
sages where  washing  is  implied,  the 
etymological  meaning  indicates  that  bap- 
tism was  originally  by  immersion.  His- 
torically, this  mode  has  been  perpetuated 
by  the  Eastern  Church,  and  it  prevailed 
in  the  West  until  the  Middle  Ages.  Pour- 
ing, or  affusion,  according  to  the  Teach- 
ing; of  the  Twelve  Apostles,  a  second- 
century  document,  was  permissible  if 
water  were  scarce,  and  sprinkling  was  a 
later  substitution  developed  in  the  Middle 
Ages"  (Ibid  p.  257). 

You  may  wonder  why  the  word  for 
"baptize"  was  transliterated,  which  means 
brought  over  into  English  letter  for  letter, 
rather  than  translated.  I  was  very  much 
interested  in  this  fact  and  spent  consid- 
erable research  on  this  question  before  I 
found  the  solution. 

We  find  that  at  the  time  the  King  James 
Translation  was  being  made  that  there 
was  all  ready  a  controversy  over  the  mode 
of  baptism,  therefore,  the  translators 
were  not  allowed  to  translate  it.  Joseph 
C.  F.  Frey  in  Essays  on  Christian  Bap- 
tism (p.  122)  writes,  "Convinced  of  the 
excellent  character  of  our  translation,  I 
was  utterly  unable  to  account  for  the 
reasons  which  led  them  to  adopt  or  trans- 
fer the  Greek  word  rather  than  translate 
it,  until  of  late  I  have  learned  that  these 
holy  men  of  God  were  shackled  by  cer- 
tain laws,  rules,  and  regulations  drawn 
up  by  the  Bench  of  Bishops  and  sanctioned 
by  King  James,  which  actually  prohibited 
the  translation  of  the  word  in  every  in- 
stance relating  to  the  ordinance  of  bap- 

tism. I  would  not  be  understood  to  mean 
tliat  the  restriction  ot  King  James  was 
confined  to  the  word  baptize,  for  it  ex- 
tended to  several  other  important  words, 
as  the  reader  may  learn  from  the  history 
of  the  several  translations  of  the  Bible, 
by  the  Rev.  John  Lewis,  chaplain  to  the 
Right  Honorable  Thomas,  Earl  of  Malton, 
and  Minister  of  Margate,  Kent,  p.  317, 
3rd.  ed,  London,  1818." 

Had  the  translators  of  our  English  Bible 
translated  the  word  as  "immerse"  or 
"dip,"  it  would  have  prevented  a  great 
deal  of  misunderstanding  and  controversy 
that  occurred  since  that  time. 

In  the  Dutch  translation  it  is  translated 
"doopen"  which  means  to  "immerse"  or 
"to  dip  into."  The  German  version  trans 
lates  the  word  as  "taufen"  meaning  "to 

It  is  interesting  to  notice  what  some  of 
the  leaders  of  various  denominations  have 
written  about  baptism.  Dean  Stanley 
(Church  of  England)  says,  "For  the  first 
thirteen  centuries  the  most  universal  prac- 
tice of  baptism  was  that  of  which  we  read 
in  the  New  Testament,  and  which  is  the 
very  meaning  of  the  word  'baptize' — that 
those  who  were  baptized  were  plunged, 
submerged,  immersed  into  the  water" 
(Christian  Institutions,  p.  21).  John  Calvin 
(Founder  of  the  Presbyterian  Church) 
says  churches  ought  to  be  left  at  libertj' 
to  act  according  to  the  differences  of 
countries.  But  then  he  says,  "The  very 
word  'baptize,'  however,  signifies  to  im- 
merse, and  it  is  certain  that  immersion 
was  the  practice  of  the  ancient  church" 
(A  Compend  of  the  Institutes  of  the  Chris- 
tian Relig;ion  by  John  Calvin,  Hugh  Kerr, 
p.  194).  Martin  Luther  (Founder  of  the 
Lutheran  Church  i  says  in  his  Treatise  on 
Baptism  concerning  the  word  itself,  "Bap- 
tism is  called  in  the  Greek  baptismos,  in 
Latin  niersio,  which  means  to  plunge 
something  entirely  into  the  water,  so  that 
the  water  closes  over  it"  (Works  of  M. 
Luther,  Vol.  1,  p.  157). 

There  is  one  passage  in  the  Bible  that 
uses  this  same  word  for  "baptize"  where 
the  ordinance  is  not  intended,  but  the 
word  is  correctly  rendered  "to  dip."  It  is 
found  in  Matthew  26:23,  where  Jesus  is 
celebrating  the  Lord's  Supper  with  His 
disciples.  In  answer  to  the  question  as  to 
who  would  betray  the  Lord,  Jesus  says. 
"He  that  dippeth  his  hand  with  me  in  the 
dish,  the  same  shall  betray  me."  The  word 
used  here  is  "embapto"  and  its  meaning 
is  clear.  The  hand  was  dipped  into  the 
dish,  not  the  contents  of  the  dish  sprinkled 
or  poured  over  the  hand. 

We  conclude  from  this  study  that  the 
word  "baptize"  properly  translated  means 
"to  dip"  or  to  "immerse."  There  are  en- 
tirely different  words  in  our  New  Testa- 

I'age  Twenty-six 

ment  for  the  words  "sprinkle"  and  "pour," 
they  are  never  used  in  connection  with 
the  ordinance  of  baptism. 

As  we  have  noted  then  "baptizing"  is 
derived  from  "baptizo,"  the  root  of  whicli 
is  "bapto."  Tlie  word  "baptizo"  is  what 
Greek  authorities  call  a  frequentive  verb, 
such  a  verb  requires  action.  Liddell  and 
Scott  define  "bapto,"  "to  dip";  but  "bap- 
tizo," to  "dip  repeatedl}'."  Thayer,  another 
highly  recognized  authority  in  N.  T. 
Greek  defines  the  word  "baptizo,"  to  "dip 

Thus  one  can  see  that  the  original  Greek 
word,  in  addition  to  the  Great  Commission 
in  Matthew  28:19,  20.  teach  that  baptism 
means  to  dip,  furthermore,  that  it  means 
to  dip  repeatedly.  Therefore,  as  Brethren, 
we  see  the  need  to  baptize  in  the  name 
of  the  Father,  in  the  name  of  the  Son,  and 
in  the  name  of  the  Holy  Spirit.  Each  mem- 
ber of  the  Trinity  receives  proper  credit 
for  His  work  in  salvation.  This  is  graph- 
ically portrayed  in  this  rite  of  baptism. 

Of  just  as  much  importance  as  the  mode 
of  baptism  is  the  question  of  proper  can- 
didates. Where  the  New  Testament  speaks 
clearly,  it  emphasizes  the  personal  belief 
of  those  who  are  baptized.  Faith  must 
preceed  commitment  of  one's  life.  We  real- 
ize that  the  external  act  of  water  baptism 
alone  will  not  transform  an  unbeliever 
into  a  Christian.  The  question  is,  can  in- 
fants, incapable  of  an  individual  act  of 
faith,  rightfully  receive  baptism?  The 
mention  of  the  Philippian  jailor's  house- 
hold in  Acts  16:33,  34  doe?  not  necessaril>' 
imply  that  infants  were  included,  nor 
does  any  other  New  Testament  passage. 

The  Brethren  Evang:elisi 

On  the  contrary,  every  New  Testament  ex- 
ample of  baptism  indicates  personal  faith 
on  the  part  of  the  candidates  for  baptism 
(Acts  2:38,  8:12,  10:47,  48,  16:31-33,  18:8). 

"Baptism  is  a  spiritual  ordinance  for 
spiritual  people  and  must  be  spiritually 
discerned  and  understood.  Unless  the  can- 
didate for  baptism  understands  the  mean- 
ing of  the  ordinance  th3re  can  be  no  bless- 
ing or  benefit  to  him.  The  mere  applica- 
tion of  water  to  the  body  is  not  baptism. 
There  must  be  an  understanding  of  its 
significance,  its  meaning,  and  its  respon- 
sibilities and  obligation"  (M.  R.  De  Haan, 
Water  Baptism,  p.   19 1. 

At  the  time  of  baptism,  the  Christian 
makes  a  personal  commitment  to  Christ, 
whose  death  is  the  means  of  his  redemp- 
tion and  whose  life  will  be  the  continuing 
dynamic  of  his  career.  He  enters  a  new 
relationship  with  God  and  with  other  mem- 
bers of  the  "fellowship  of  the  saints." 

The  outward  rite  of  water  baptism  does 
not  save  an  individual,  rather,  baptism  is 
an  outward  symbol  of  an  inward  change. 
It  is  a  figure  of  an  inner  work  of  grace 
alrcad>'  performed  as  the  result  of  faith 
in  the  soul.  This  is  in  harmony  with  all 
the  Scriptures,  namely,  that  we  are  saved 
by  grace  through  faith,  as  Paul  clearly 
reminds  us  in  Ephesians  2:8,  9.  Baptism, 
then  is  an  act  of  our  obedience  to  our 

The  Scriptures  spoke  clearly  and  force- 
fully to  our  Brethren  forefathers.  There- 
fore, as  they  took  the  New  Testament  as 
their  rule  of  faith  and  practice,  they  obed- 
iently followed  our  Lord  in  the  act  of 


Schmiller's        Chatterbox— - 

WHY  ARE  YOU  A  MEMBER  of  Sisterhood?  Be- 
cause your  sister  was?  Because  you  want  to  be? 
Out  of  habit,  maybe?  Why  aren't  you  a  member?  Do 
you  know  why  you  go  or  don't  go  to  Sisterhood  meet- 
ings? Do  you  even  care?  Y^ou  say,  "Well,  there's  noth- 
ing in  it  to  interest  me."  But  did  you  ever  think  about 

finding  out  why,  and  doing  something  about  it? 

At  least  one  group  of  Sisterhood  girls  is  doing  somej 
tiling — because  they  care.  Do  you?  If  so,  watch  thid 
space  next  month.  You  may  find  something  to  makq 
you  care.  Then  again  you  may  not.  It's  up  to  you.  Keeij 
your  eye  on  the  Chatterbox  for  the  Talk-In. 

March  29,  1969 

Page  Twenty-seven 

So  Your  Church  Is  Seeking  a  Pastor? 

by  SMITH  F.  ROSE 

Part  I 

The  Problems  of  Pastoral  Change 

SINCE  THE  average  congregation  has  al- 
lowed itself  to  become  so  dependent 
upon  pastoral  leadership,  they  become  almost 
desperate  in  their  desire  for  an  immediate 
replacement.  Pastors,  on  the  other  hand,  if 
they  have  not  resigned  with  another  church 
or  position  in  mind,  sense  some  of  the  same 
quiet  desperation  in  seel^ing  another  place 
of  service. 

Why  pastoral  change?  Our  church  has  had 
a  history  of  short-temi  pastoral  relationships. 
It  has  been  easier  to  move  the  pastor  out,  or 
for  him  to  move,  than  to  "face  up"  to  person- 
ality and  power  problems  that  exist  in  the 
congregation.  Often  it  has  been  a  problem 
as  to  who  will  lead  the  church.  Sometimes 
local  leaders,  often  self-appointed  and  self- 
pertDetuated,  can  think  only  of  getting  rid  of 
the  pastor  when  he  leads  in  directions  neu. 
unfamiliai',  or  in  any  way  different  from 
"the  way  we've  always  done  it."  It  is  not  a 
matter  of  the  value  of  new  ideas,  but  of  re- 
sistance to  change.  Yet,  change  is  at  the  very 
heart  of  the  Christian  experience,  "old  things 
are  passed  away,  behold  all  things  are  be- 
come new." 

Assuming  that  there  is  no  "power  strug- 
gle" or  special  "pastoral  problem,"  there 
must  still  be  pastoral  change,  although  pas- 
torates should  be  much  longer  (from  five  to 
ten  yeai's  or  more) ,  if  effective  work  is  to  be 
done  for  tlie  Lord  Jesus.  Congregations  and 

\Frotn  information  arriving  in  the  office  this 
looks  like  a  yea/r  of  many  pastoral  changes  in  The 
Brethren  Church.  The  Central  Council  Executive 
Secretary  feels  led  to  prepare  a  series  of  instructive 
articles  for  churches  and  pastor's  for  such  a  time  as 
this.  These  articles  will  consider  both  spiritual  and 
practical  aspects.  It  might  be  tvell  to  clip  and  save 
them  for  refereyice.  Use  them  along  with  Chapter  7> 
concerning  The  Council  of  Ministerial  Relntion.'!,  in 
Our  Church  Guidebook  by  A.  T.  Ronk. 

pastors  must  grow  together  in  the  faith  and 
service  of  Christ.  Ordinarily,  no  pastor  has 
all  the  gifts,  knowledge,  abilities  and  vision 
needed  by  a  congregation  through  its  entire 
existence  or  for  a  given  pastor's  lifetime. 
There  could  be  rare  exceptions.  So  pastoral 
change  should  come  naturally,  as  one  man's 
phase  in  congregational  development  comes 
to  an  end.  Some  pastors  are  better  in  teach- 
ing the  Word,  some  in  Christian  Education, 
some  in  pastoral  ministry,  some  in  organi- 
zation, some  in  stewai'dship,  some  in  building 
church  facilities,  etc.  A  series  of  pastors 
rounds  out  the  congregational  development. 
This  vai'iety  in  leadership  eventually  minis- 
ters to  the  deeper  needs  of  all  in  the  congre- 

Usually  the  alert  pastor  will  become  aware 
of  the  completion  of  his  work  and  will  sense 
leading  toward  another  field.  Something  is 
defective  in  the  pastor-people  relationship 
when  this  is  not  the  case.  They  have  not  been 
"in  touch"  as  they  should  have  been.  It  may 
come  from  the  secretive  connivance  of  a  few 
in  the  congregation,  or  the  pre-occupation  of 
the  pastor  in  his  many  pressing  duties.  A 
council  on  ministerial  relations  can  sen'e  to 
keep  the  pastor  and  people  aware  of  "how 
the  wind  blows." 

Practically,  pastoral  change  is  much  more 
of  a  problem  now.  There  are  not  nearly 
enough  ministers  to  fill  existing  churches. 
Another  article  will  consider  "Why  the  min- 
isterial shortage  ?" 

Spiritually,  pastoral  change  is  necessary 
for  the  fuller  development  of  a  g