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Edwin Elliott and Fannie Ainger Peok were married 
December 1st, 1864 in Salt Lake City^ Utah* They 
were the parents of nine daughters, who were given 
the following names: Fannie Eliza* Margaret Vilate, 
Mary Eleanor, Leah Nora, Rmna Sabina, Harriett 
Amelia, Kate, Hazel Roxie, and Genevieve* 

I was born in Provo on the comer of 2nd East and 
4th North, where Russell Swenson now lives t Jessie 
Fuller owned it then* It was a tiny little brick 
house, and even as a child I remember Mother kept 
it very clean. It was just a block north of 
Grandmother Elliott, so I spent much of the time 
between the two houses. 

Our next home was on the corner of 3rd Bast and 

3rd North; an adobe house owned by a Mrs, Davis* 

We lived in part of the house; she in the other 
part-. Mrs* Davis was the grandmother of the 

Sutton boys who have played a preminent role in 
the history of Provo» 

This home is very vivid to me because Mrs * Davis 
taught school in one room of her house* She would 
let me some in with my sister Fan* I think 1 was 
four or five ? and I found the school most inter¬ 
esting. Mrs. Davis was an English gray-haired 
woman who had taught school in England. I can see 
her now, her hair parted in the middle and drawn 
down over each ear and a little bob in the back*. 

She was usually dressed in a long gray wrapper < 
buttoned down the front* There was a deep crease 
around her waist, as she never wore corsets* She 
wore a belt apron that filled up the crease® She 
always had her knitting and had a way of catching 
her needles in the belt of her apron. Whenever 
she had occasion, she used one of her long willows 
from behind her to tap one of the unruly pupils 
who sat on long backless benches all over the 
room.. They sat there all day for class recita¬ 
tion. Her pupils were from beginners to grown 
young men and often some of the older boys put on 
a wrestling match, and then v;e knew the willow 

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v/ould be laid on heavily* At recess Mrs. Davis 
would let me call the pupils in* I would go to the 
door and call, "All in - - All in - - All in* u 

All the lessons were given orally. I joined in 
whenever possible, and in this way I learned the 
multiplication tables, could spell words of four 
syllables, and read in the third reader. So later 
when I went to a real school over on the Parker 
School block, I was a prize pupil in some respects* 

I could not write or do little else except the 
things I had learned from Mrs* Davis* 

B. H. Walton was my teacher now, and I remember so 
well when he put me on top of a table to recite 
the multiplication table for his older students* 

I felt very proud when my sister Fan told it at 
the dinner table when we went home at noon* 

My life was uneventful for a long time. I went to 
school but was never graduated; it wasn't done in 
those days., I was very carefree, nothing bothered 
me; on Easter I tried to eat the most eggs, climb 
the highest hill, roll the most rocks, and do any 
other ventureseme thing that I should not do. 

I remember mother dressed three of us up one summer 
afternoon. We were always proud of our pretty 
white aprons. On this day we were especially 
happy« We were to go up to Mrs. Faucett* s to take 
some carpet rags for the rag carpet she was weaving 
for mother. She lived at the foot of Temple Hill'. 
After we delivered the rags, we could not resist 
going over to the big union ditch which crossed the 
street that leads up to Pleasant View. Fan and I 
wanted to wade; Nell, a younger sister, said she 
would not tell, so we took off our shoes and 
stockings, rolled up our clothes and waded. As 
usual, I climbed upon some slippery rocks on the 
upper side of the stream where the water was deep. 
Naturally, I slipped off the rocks and fell in, 
rolling over and over, as the stream was swift ^ Fan 
dropped her clothes and came after me, while Nell 








stood on the hank screaming* By the time Fan 
reached me* I was gasping for breath* We walked 
home very wet and very subdued. Mother spanked us 
and put us to bed* Fan told mother she ought to 
be glad we were not drowned, and Mother told her 
to be quiet and stay in bed, which we did for the 
rest of the day and night*. 

In those days everyone had big orchards of apples 
and peaches, much of which was dried, so that meant 
work for all of us. Mother pared on an apple 
peeler and we cored many tubs of apples, but it 
had some pleasant memories.* When the apples were 
all pared. Mother helped us core* She sang while 
doing this in her clear, rich contralto voice® 

These songs were usually old ballads that told a 
story — and how I loved to hear her sing* When 
the apples were ripe and fell in such quantities 
we would have an apple bee and invite the girls 
and boys* After several tubs of apples were made 
ready for drying, we had refreshments and played 
kissing games where we had forfeits which had to 
be redeemed. The games were such as going to the 
post office ’.vhere we had to pay for our letters 
with kisses, or H I am in the well," We called 
some young man to get us out; he determined the 
depth of the well, took a kiss for each foot* 

We made all our own laundry soap, sewed rags for 
all our carpets, and knit stockings for all the 
family, but with it all we had a lot of fun& 

Life \*rent on smoothly* I had my share of canyon 
trips which we used to take in covered wagons or 
“white tops”, if we were lucky* We usually went 
to the Toll Gate, which is now Springdell, on the 
4th of July, staying several days, as it took 
some time to get there and return* Our parents 
went, as well as our boy friends® 

I hardly ever go to the canyon now without thinking 
of those early trips. I think we enjoyed them as 
much as the young people do today* My boy friend 



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( 4 ) 

had horses* I learned to ride with the best of 
them* - - Then everything changed for me - - My 
boy friend died® I was twenty-two, and I decided 
to begin anew* 

When the Brigham Young University opened its doors 
on the present lower campus, I registered as one 
of the students® I had attended the Academy, as 
it was then called, at the warehouse, but 

not with any aim in view other than to go along 
with the crowd, get my lessons, and have a good 

How I entered school with a purpose® I had decided 
to try teaching. I made new friends, worked system** 
atically, and determined to make a good record in 
school®. Henry Tanner was our class president, but 
he went to summer school and the next year joined 
the class of '*94® At our first meeting after school 
opened in the fall, I was made class president with 
Jennie Brimhall Knight as secretary and historian. 

The girls in that group were very intimate® They 
were May Ashworth, Yio Sorenson, Mabel Thurman* 
Jennie Brimhall, and myself* We all remained to¬ 
gether until we graduated* I was very proud of our 
members, many of them are well known throughout the 
state* Indeed, I can say every one was an honor to 
the .institution which graduated theme In the fall 
of ’94 Alice Reynolds, who was one of our teachers, 
joined the class* At our last reunion in 1940, nine 
out of the sixteen had passed to the great beyond. 

As I look back now, I think of all my teachers. 
Brother George H. Brimhall influenced me most® He 
had confidence in me and made me feel I would 
succeed* When he made out Jennie's and my contract 
to go to Bluff to teach, he told me there was no 
one else whom he would rather have for a companion 
for his daughter than myself >? I felt very proud of 
his opinion and tried to live up to it® Years 
afterwards, when Miss Reynolds and I were traveling 
Europe, he wrote me a letter for which I have always 

( 5 ; 

felt honored* It contained the following lines; 

’’You have rowed your boat with a steady stroke 
Mid calm and stormy weathers 
Day by day without dismay* 

You’ve climbed a flowing rive ho' 
lot at the mouth but at the head 
You’ll tie your life canoe. 

And looking down will see a crown 
That merit has for you a ,f 

I still have that letterj those lines thrilied me 
and made me happy to think I had lived up to what 
he expected of me. 

That year of teaching in Bluff has a history all 

its owns. Jennie and I could write a volume on it* 
But I must say that Jennie» with her pretty brown 
eyes, captivated all the boys as well as the 
widowers* We always had the best saddle horses in 
town; no party ever started until we arrived. 

Neither of us had had any dramatic training, but we 
were in such demand that we took Saturdays off to 
coach each other in giving readings* We often found 
we had Indians for an audience during the rehearsals 
in the wash back of President Hammond's home where 
we lived* All in all, we enjoyed the winter despite 
the fact that we had some hair-raising experiences* 

Five years later when I went back to Bluff to teach, 
my pal had married, and Bluff did not seem the same 
to me without hers They had doubled the salary I 
was receiving five years before. Fvery pupil in 
my room had to pay so much per capita, as there was 
not enough tax money to pay my salary. We had a 
fine school, and for the first time in their history, 
we had a graduating class* I am proud to say that 
100?? of that graduating class came to the Brigham 
Young Academy the next year* It seemed to give me 
prestige, as on my return to Provo City Schools I 
had a substantial increase in salary* I continued 
to teach in Provo for some years, and then one 
evening in September, 1901,. I was at a wedding- 




Apostle Reed Smoot was there, and he asked me if I 
would accept a call as a missionary to England. I 
said M Yeay if I ra&y teach this year so that I may 
earn a little money to pay my way over there.” 

The following May 1 prepared to leave for Kigland. 

I had very little money hut made arrangements to 
borrow what I needed while I was away. The Ward 
collected f28*00 s which was a small sum to pay my 
way to England., 

During the years of my teaching a group of girls 
formed a little club. - There were nine of us in 
the group - « Ayetta Young, Olive Y» -Gilchrist, 
Alice Reynolds, Jennie Brimhall Knight, Sina Brim- 
hall Holbrook., Hell Reynolds Earmer, May Ashworth 
Booth, Inez Knight Allen, and myself. I am naming 
this group because each of them affected my life 
very much. Jennie and Inez had already been on 
missions to England. The group had a party for me 
before my going. When refreshments were served, . 
they had sandwiches. I found mine was filled with 
metal of some kind, and on opening it, .1 discovered 
they were five-dollar gold piec°s. Imagine, if you 
can, my emotions* This is one incident I shall 
never forget j I am thrilled now as I relate it*.. 

By the time I was ready to leave I had more Ilian 
enough money to pay my expenses geing over there. 

I saved the gold pieces, and made lit;ale pockets 
down the front of my underworr where each one was 
sewed in separately where it could at easily re™ 
moved* When I tried to pass one in Boston, it 
was rung on the counter and he tried to bite it, 
but it passed as true metal. 

The final day came when I must leave home, Inez 
Knight went to Salt Lake with me® As I boarded 
the train and saw Inez ready to leave me, the 
tears came. Inez said, ,r Smile, so I can bell your 
mother you left smiling.” 5 I tried, and smiled 
through the tears. I had never been out of Utah 
before, and I did not know anyone in the party 
except a Mrs. Ward, an English lady and a cousin 
of Mrs. A. W. McGune. - She had been visiting here 

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for a year & -was returning to I&igland. She ms a 
very fine woman and came into my life when I most 
needed her® 

Our first stop was Chicago. We arrived early in the 
morning? our train did not leave until afternoon. 

The missionaries were afraid to leave the station; 
many of them had never seen a train until they 
started on this trip, and they were afraid they 
would get lost* - Mrs. Ward and I ventured out. I 
told .her I .would like to see Montgomery and Ward'd 
store, so we asked a policeman what car to take to 
reach there. - Imagine my disappointment when I 
found it to be a big warehouse. Mrs. Ward suggested 
we go to Marshall Fields. It v/as so lovely I hated 
to leave this store. We had dinner there and I did 
some shopping. Yfe arrived back to the station about 
a half hour before train time* All the party was 
very much worried, as they were sure we were lost. 

There are so many incidents I might tell of' the two 
years I spent in London, lout I think the friends I 
made there had a lasting influence on my life. 

Diana Bean Thatcher and Margaret Thurman Irvine 
’were already in England but not in the London Con¬ 
ference where I was assigned. Brother George Q. 
Morris was my first missionary president. Then in 
a short time Brother Henry H. Blood followed him. 
Tracy Y. Cannon, .Je-ssic J• Porter, and Roy D. 
Thatcher became my life long friends. Later on 
Diana and Margaret were transferred to- the London 
Conference. The little group were very congenial; 
we had a sympathetic and understanding president. 

Christmas is a home holiday in England, much as it 

is here. We were all dreading it a little, being 
away from home, but it turned out to be the most 
heavenly, the most spiritual day I have ever ex¬ 
perienced. That little group still speaks of it as 
the red letter day in all our lives. . It was that 
day that bound us together, that has made us meet 
once or twice a year, made us exchange Christmas 
letters through all these years, and Tts feel 

we were bound by a tie that will last throughout 
our lives and on into eternity«■ I reverence that 
day® It was worth all the time and money I had 
spent* It gave me a touch of what the hereafter 
might be if we work for it® Somehow we had all put 
ourselves in tune with the infinite, and a great 
blessing, a gift of God was given to us® 

I came home from England with Tracy Y® Cannon and 
Jessie J, Porter®. We visited the St® Louis Fair 
in June, 1904* 

I began teaching school again in Provo in the Frank¬ 
lin School® The next year I was asked to go to 
Coalville to teach in the Summit Stake Academy- I 
was lonely there so I felt very happy when 1 
learned Nora Young was ooming to teach English and 
Art in the Academy® We had always been good friends 
and during those two years our friendship ripened 
until I felt almost as close to her as a sister® 

The Brigham Young University then asked me if I 
would go East to school to prepare for a position 
in the Ecme Economics Department * I went to Pratt 
Institute in Brooklyn, New York for a year, where 
I took out a diploma in clothing and design, I 
received high honors at this school 0 

I began teaching at the Brigham Young University 

in 1908® I have seen manj changes take place 
during the time of my teaching in that institution, 
which was thirty-one years® I built a home at. ?71 
North 2nd East, where I lived as long as father and 
mother were alive. When they passed on, I rented 
it and finally sold it. 

Sabbatical leave had been established at school. I 
took advantage of this, and in the summer of 1924 
Miss Alice Reynolds and I decided to go bo Europe 
for a year® When I previously left Europe I never 
expected to return, so I was very much thrilled 
over our anticipated trip* I would see dear old 
London again* We left Provo the latter part of 
August, arriving in New York and thonce to Boston, 


where we were entertained for several days by Dr® 

E-j. A. Winship and several Boston teachers« During 
our stay in Boston we were the guests of the 
Women * s City Club, to which these teachers belonged*; 
The club house is on Beacon Street opposite the 
Boston Commons^ This building has been remodeled 
from one of the fine old Boston homes® It is over 
125 years old® The remodeling has not marred its 
old-fashioned beauty® It has just taken on some 
of the modern conveniences® The beautiful old 
staircase remains in its original states many of 
the old mantles and fireplaces with their andirons 
are still in place® I would say the architect had 
preserved all its beautiful points® The few days 
we spent there were most interesting® 

We went from there to the Joseph Smith Memorial in 
Vermont, where we spent a very pleasant afternoon 
and evening with Brother and Sister Angus M» Cannon® 
'We continued on our way to Montreal where we met 
Dr, James L, Barker and family, with whom we were 
to sail on the Canadian Pacific Liner on September 
12th, 1924® That evening we had dinner with Brother 
Levi Edgar Young and family® Mr® Young was doing 
some research work in Western History^ The Barker 
family consisted of Dr® James L» Barker, his wife 
Kate, his daughters Nancy and Margaret, and little 
Jim; also Mrs® Kate Crowthers, aunt of Mrs# Barker 
and known on this trip as !, Aunt Kate." 

We arrived safely in Liverpool, and President David 

0® McKay met us at the dock, as there was a group 
of missionaries on the boat® 

Our party left for Scotland in a day of two in the 
Barker seven passenger car which he had brought 
from home® It was a fine trip®. We went up through 
the English Lake district® It is easy to see why 
all the Lake poets wrote as they did about this 
beautiful country® All of our trip through Scot“ 
land was interesting® The moon was fullj the 
lovely scenery and good weather v'orc conducive to 
a splendid trip. The night we stayed at the Ardlui 

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Hotel on the shores of Loch Lomond will never be 
forgotten# ■ She Heather was purple as far as the 
eye -could see® I had been to Scotland before, but 
it seemed more beautiful this time. The Falls of 
Ladore reminded us of Brother Alfred Osmond, so we 
sent him a cardo 

Miss Reynolds and I spent a month in London# I 
felt as though I Was back home again after twenty 
years® We spent some time at n Deseret n ; also went 
back to 97 Parleigh Road where I had lived for two 
years• Dr* and Mrs* Andrew Bird now owned the 
places They were very nice to us, allowing us to 
go all over the house#• I found my room was taken 
over for antiques® They insisted on our remaining 
to "Tea#” I found very few people I knew in London& 
Some had died; others gone to Utah* England is 
always lovely in the fall? At Kew Gardens the grass 
was unusually green and the roses were at their 
best a The Wembly Exposition was on, and we 
thoroughly enjoyed it; also many fine theatres® 
Bernard Shaw’s plays were being given everywhere* 
London is a great city where all the celebrated 
people come if you wait for them, so I saw many of 
the world's greatest artists in dear old London* 

We went to Paris the last of October where the 
Barkers had preceded us® After we were settled in 
a pension, we took many trips with the Barkers in 
their car.® Not only did we see Paris, but we 
visited the war zone,, the Chat tea u Country*, all 
the fine cathedrals® On one occasion we went as 
far as Basil, Switzerland# It was a grand op¬ 
portunity for me® "!fe attended the grand opera 
once a week# went sight seeing continuously for 
three months-® 

Miss Reynolds and I had planned a Mediterranean 
tour,# Se left Paris the latter part of January, 
traveling through Southern France, and taking a 
boat at Marseilles on February 2nd, 1925# I could 
write many pages on this trip of seven weeks® 

Every day brought many new experiences® There were 

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( 11 ) 

a variety of people aboard going all the my from 
Egypt to Bagdad «» - a doctor going to Damascus to 
take charge of a hospital, a traveling man going to 
Persia, a nurse to Jerusalem, two lady missionaries 
to Nazareth, Syrians, Turks, Englishmen, and a few 
Americans *• 

we felt quite important when an agent (a big burly 
Turk) of the Lovfbond Travel Bureau Co® of London, 
with whom we were traveling, came on board at 
Alexandria calling out our names. He was to be our 
guide for the remainder of the day in Alexandria 0 

Egypt thrilled me very much® It was the beginning 
of a new world, so different from anything in 
Europe, My mind went back to the time of the 
Pharohs and to Alexander the Great for whom this 
great seaport is named, I wished for eyes in the 
back of my head that no sight might escape me® 

That evening we went on to Cairo® Many of the 
Egyptians wear European dress, but they all wear 
the Turkish fez instead of a hat, and all the women 
have their faces veiled® We were again met by an 
agent who took us to our hotel® The next morning 
we were introduced to our guide, a very fine looking 
bedouin dressed in a mustard color silk gown, a wide 
girdle of winecolored silk, fez and a scarf to match 
the girdle with long tied fringe of the same color* 
Over his arm he carried a beautiful mustard color 
broadcloth cape which reached to his ankles® He had 
highly polished brown shoes. I am sure any of our 
American girls would have been very happy to have 
him as an escort* Tie had this guide for the five 
days we were in Cairo® I can assure you we were 
shown every courtesy® 

There was a full moon while we were there® One 
evening we went out to the pyramids® The moon 
shone through the palm trees, the sands of the 
desert gleamed, the camels were grazing and M The 
everlasting pyramids” and the sphinx were standing 
there guarding the deseret and witnessing the 1f Rise 

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( 12 ; 

and fall of empires„ the spread of civilization, 
and the stars in their courses for more than five 
thousand, years, itself unchanged and unchanging as 
the everlasting hills.” We were thrilled with our 
trip that evening; except for the many automobiles 
and the planes overhead, I felt as though I were 
living thousands of years ago*. 

All good things come to an end. We hated to leave 
Cairo with its bazaars and all its oriental life, 
but we had to turn our faces to Palestine. It 
was a thrilling night crossing the Suez Canal, 
which joins the Red Sea and the Mediterranean,® I 
was thinking of Moses and the Israelites when they 
crossed with the Egyptians in pursuit* In the 
moonlight we watched a huge Dutch boat fully 
lighted on its way to the Red Sea and thence to 
the Indian Ocean. The Suez Canal divides the 
continents of Asia and Africa* We were now in Asia 
on the Desert of Sinai where Moses and the Tribes 
of Israel stood so many years ago after their 
terrific crossing. It was midnight when we took 
the train for Jerusalem. The moon was very bright; 
the sands glistened on the desert wastes* It was 
almost light enough to read. When we came to an 
oasis, we knew it by the small clump of palm trees 
around it« Lydda was the first town* This was 
where Peter healed Eneas from a sick bed. (Acts, 
9th Chapter.) Then we came to the land of the 
Philistines where Sampson and Delilah lived. 

Along either side of the train were orange groves® 
We learned later they were among the finest of 
oranges * 

Then Jerusalem came into view. We had traveled 
all night, but it was over country full of 
interest* We had spent the time reading our 
guide book and the New Testament* Now we were to 
visit that city where our Savior had lived, where 
He had taught His Disciples and where He was 
crucified. Our agent and guide met us at the 
station. We spent a week here and in its vicinity s 
A fine Hudson car was at our disposal throughout 

our trip in Palestine. We carried our Bibles. Our 
guide, who was also a Christian, was a Syrian who 
had. lived in America, and he helped us to locate 
the prominent places we wished to see. 

Many things are overdone, such as the Church of the 
Holy Sepulchre, the olive trees in the Garden of 
Gethsemane, which they claimed were the same trees 
as were there in the time of Christ. You can't 
spoil a mountain entirely, but the Mt• of Olives 
would be more interesting if there were fewer 
churches built on it, one of which has the Lord's 
Prayer inscribed in thirty-two languages* 

Every day was thrilling - - our trip to the Dead 
Sea and ^ericho, where the walls had fallen at the 
command of Joshua, the pool whose waters were 
bitter and had been made sweet by the blessings of 
Elijah* Our trip to Hebron where Abraham had lived 
and where the angel told him he would have a son 
named Isaac. Our drive to Bethlehem on a Sunday 
where we visited the cave where Christ was born. 

He were filled with reverence as we stood there and 
felt truly blest that we had been permitted to visit 
the Holy Land* As we came up from the cave, we 
stopped to look over the field where Ruth had 
gleaned, where David had tended his father's flocks, 
and where the angels sang that blessed night; "Peace 
on Earth Good Will to Men* 1 ’ 

Our trip to Joppa, where Mr. Tadros, the President 
of the Lovibond Travel Company with whom we were 
traveling, lived. This was a fine day® Mr. Tadros 
invited us to his oriental home, with its flat roof 
where they sleep on hot nights. We had a real 
oriental dinner. In the afternoon Mr. Tadros sug¬ 
gested we visit his orange groves of eighteen 
thousand trees* They were shipping the oranges by 
boat to England. I watched the camels being loaded 
with ten crates each, five on a side being held by 
ropes. I counted five hundred camels that day, 
making one grand procession from the orange groves 
to the boat. Our car was loaded with oranges and 

grapefruit when we left Joppa* I still claim 
they were the best oranges 1 ever ate« We also 
visited the house of Simon the Tanner where Peter 
received his vision* (Acts 10: 11-18.®) 

One day w® rode around the walls of Jerusalem oh. 
donkeys» We had ridden the camels in Cairo, each 
animal being the ecmmon mode of travel in its own 

The day came when we had to go North into Samaria. 
The most important part to us was that land where 
Jacob and his family lived. Jacob’s well is still 
used, and we sipped a little of its waters. Here 
is the town of Sheckem where Abraham built an 
altar to Jehovah and idle re an angel appeared unto 
him saying, "Unto thy seed will I give this land®” 
Mt* Gerizim is near here* On this mountain, ac¬ 
cording to the law, the Passover has always been 
observed* Our guide, John Odi, was a Christian, 
and we all carried our Bibles, so we sat down and 
read the story of Joseph being sold into PJgypt, as 
well as all the passages concerning Abraham and his 

The town of Shechem, now called Nablous, is a 
fanatical Mohammedan village* One interesting 
feature is the part of the town where the Samar— 
tians live, only about one hundred and seventy 
three souls„ They claim to have the original 
copies of the first five books of the Bible 
written by Moses. They are written on parchment 
in the original Hebrew, very different from the 
present Hebrew. It is written in the old scroll 
form with a brass cover which is inscribed and 
inlaid with silver# There were also many points 
of interest found in the arc of the Tabernacle. 

That afternoon we traveled over the plains of 
Esdraelon® There are the richest lands of 
Palestine at that time of year, they were dotted 
with the Lilies of the Field* We passed through 
Main where Christ healed the widow’s son* (Luke 7; 

verses li-18-) 


It was almost sundown when we reached Nazareth* 

The Galilee Hotel where we stayed was very clean 
and quaint* We had candles in our room and no hot 
watery Nazareth is a little quiet village laid in 
the tops of the hills* When we went up to our 
roam we saw some boys playing ball® They were about 
twelve years old* and vie thought of that Boy two 
thousand years ago who might have been playing on 
that same plot* Everywhere we went we thought of 

The next morning we went to the Church of the An¬ 
nunciation, which is built over the cave or home of 
Joseph the carpenter* The carpenter shop is now a 
museum* We also went to the Church or Synagogue 
where Christ is supposed to have preached* (Luke 
4; Verses 18-32®) We climbed up the hills over¬ 
looking the town where we could see Mt. Tabor* Mt# 
Hermon, and Mfc* Carmelj also the Mediterranean® It 
was a beautiful day* so warm our coats were un¬ 

That afternoon on our way to the Lake of Galilee 
we stopped at the Virgin’s Fountain, as it is now 
called© It is still the great source of water for 
the village> as well as the source of the village 
gossip* There were women and children going and 
coming with their water jugs on their shoulders ©r 
heads# Customs haven't changed any in those 
Palestenian towns* 

We passed the little village of Cana where the 
first miracle of turning the water into wine was 
performed© When we reached the top of the hills. 

We had our first view of the Lake, so blue it looked 
like a jewel among the gray hills* Snow-capped Her- 
mon was to the North of us. After going to the 
Hotel Tiberius to deposit our luggage, we drove 
around the northern part of the Lake, visiting the 
sites of Magda 11a, Cape maun,, and Bethsaina® Very 
little is thebe to remind you of those once famous 




• ■ 





towns » That evening at the hotel we ate fish 
caught in the Lakea 

The next morning we were up early to go down and 
watch the fishermen bring in their catch* Those 
fishermen were dressed as we would have found them 
in the days of the Master® Indeed, the sights on 
shore were the same* Fishermen sitting there 
mending their nets* Little children, almost nude^ 
were playing* Women were carrying water in jugs 
from the Lake* An official stood by putting in 
each jug a few drops of disinfectant* 

Before we went back to our hotel we found a se¬ 
cluded spot where Miss Reynolds, Mr* Odi, and 1 
sat down and sang *0h Galilee, Sweet Galilee'* from 
the post cards we had purchased at the hotel® 
Everything was so quiet and peaceful here, we 
hated to leave Lake Galilee* We carried away with 
us many happy memories of our trip through the 
Holy Land. 

We went from here to Damascus, one of the very old 
historic places that has come down through history 
with glamour and romance * This is a Mohammedan 
center® It is said that there is no other city 
where customs have changed so little during the 
ages* "The Jews are as nearly like those of the 
time of Paul as can be imagined, in customs, in 
dress, and in prejudices. Scarcely any other 
people in the world, unless it be the small 
Samaritan sect at Sehechem, has adhered so ten¬ 
aciously to the very letter of the law* It is 
safe to say that nowhere in Palestine can the 
manners and customs of the old-time Hebrews be 
studied as well as at Damascus®" We went to the 
street called Straight, were shown the wall where 
Paul was let down in a basket to escape from his 
enemies« The bazaars are a great attraction; they 
are almost without limit and have many varieties of 
goods displayed* The howling dancing dervishes are 
here in all their glory and are always ready to 

exhibit their religious devotion for the price of 

After visiting Baalbek,, we went over the Lebanon 
Mountains, at the top of which we stopped to gaze 
upon one of the most superb views a Dora below us 
was the oriental city of Beyrout and the blue 
Mediterranean with ships of every kind upon her 
waters @ 

Beyrout has a population of about 200,000s It is 
of great commercial importance, having as many as 
3,000 vessels entering her harbour annually* One 
point of interest was the American College which 
is co-ed© They had an oratorical oontest while we 
were there, and a girl won it» Her subject was 
"Shall the Oriental Woman Discard her Veil®" The 
College, of which there are several, is supported 
by the American Mission, They have American 
teachers who go over for a number of years, teach¬ 
ing their particular subjects^ We sailed from 
Beyrout making our first stop at Smyrna, the chief 
city of Asia Minora It has a population of 225,000 
and is said to be hospitable to all religions * It 
is a beautiful city with its high range of moun¬ 
tains for a background, its tiled roofs and painted 
balconies, and its minarets and the spires of its 
Christian Churches® The bazaars in the orient are 
always enticing. We also visited an American 
College here. The great poet Homer is said to have 
been born here a Next to Constantinople,, it is con¬ 
sidered the largest and wealthiest in the Ottoman 
empire. It was at Smyrna where we met three Mormon, 
missionaries. They were traveling fourth class on 
our boat, and among them was Russell Blood whom I 
had always known. They said they were traveling 
fourth class for the experiences 

On our arrival at Constantinople we were with the 
boys all the time, helped them shop at the bazaars, 
visited Roberts College, and a home economics 
College, the first of its kind over there, 
Constantinople is noted for its many beautiful 
mosques. But the great Church Saneta Sophia, built 
by Constantine and Justinian, is the important 
Moslem Church* It is really a cathedral and was 

consecrated to God, It was afterwards taken by 
Mohammed, and we were shown the print of his 
bloody hand high up on one of the pillars at the 
right of the altar® 

As a student in school I think I was more thrilled 
to read the history of Athens than any other one 
place® Now I was to have the privilege of visiting 
there** The Parthenon even in its ruins, is the 
most impressive monument in ancient art® Its many 
life sized statues and Doric Columns are worth 
going a long way to see® It is said the great 
Athenian Pericles was the originator and respons¬ 
ible for i-ts success® 

Mars GTilL, where Paul preached to the Athenians 
on the_ Unknown God was deeply impressive® So many 
things I might mention, but I must hasten on® 

We landed “back in Marseilles on March 12th where 
we signed*rtp with Thomas Cook and son on a trip 
through Italy® 

We wene-ssFCheduled to stop at the Frenoh Riveria® 

It is -the world’s playground* Our headquarters 
were at N4ee, and we took sight seeing trips every 
day® Monte Carlo was most interesting and enter¬ 
taining* -I -remember how serious many of the people 
looked.® They were probably betting their last 
dollar** Our guide told us the Casino paid the 
Prince of Monaco a million franks a month for the 
privilege of doing business there* I gambled a 
ten-franc piece and won® 

We went to Italy, stopping at Genoa and Pisa, and 
then on to Rome where Ann Ollorton and Amy Martin 
of Provo joined us* We stayed two weeks in Rome® 
This city is teeming with important places for the 
travelers® It was the jubilee year which comes 
every twenty-five years» This made it possible 
for us to see places that are not open at other 
times » 

We we're told the four holy doors, which are sealed 


for twenty-five years* would be opens To go 
through these and then have an interview with the 
Pope would absolve us from all sin® We accomplished 
all of theses In our interview with the Pope* our 
letters from Senators Smoot and King and Justice, 
Hughes helped us« We were placed next to the Pope’s 
private apartment. Almost everyone except our*» 
selves were Catholics, They were wearing many 
rosaries* which would be blessed by the Pope* and 
these in turn would be precious gifts to their 
families or friends® 

There is much to see in Rome the old ruins, the 
fine art galleries, probably the most important is 
the Vatican and St. Peters Cathedral® The Vatican 
is the largest Palace in the world., The Pope's 
Swiss guards, who are in charge at the entrance, 
add color in their striking uniforms designed by- 
Michael Angelo® 

The museum and the tapestry gallery held us for 
some time, but the Sistine Chapel celebrated for 
its frecoes by Michael Angelo commands the keenest 
interest. The walls as well as the ceiling were 
painted by this great artist® 

We went to Naples, and from there we took a short 
trip on the blue waters of the Mediterranean, We 
went to the famous Blue Grotto, a small save 
opening on the waters on the island of Capri, The 
Grotto is very lovely but hard to describe, but 
anyone stopping over at Naples should not miss 
this trip. Then go on to Sorrento, where you will 
get a splendid view of Mt« Vesuvius® We stayed 
all night at Sorrento at the Hotel De La Syrens, 
which is built on a cliff on the very edge of the 
Mediterranean, The next morning I got up very early 
to look over this cliff and watch the fisherwomen 
bring in their early morning catch. Right in front 
of me, puffing like a huge engine, was Mt. Vesuvius® 
The view was breath taking® 

At seven o’clock we started on the very famous 

( 20 ; 

Amalfi driven It was a glorious day* The top of 
the ear was let down so our view was not obstructed* 
The road is built on the edge of the Mediterranean* 

It was very blue, and the sun was warm* I am sure 
all four of us thought it one of the most beautiful 
drives in the world® 

We went through the ruins of Pompeii and then up to 
the crater'of Mt» Vesuvius# The two day trip was 
very enjoyable® Many other places in Italy were 
visited® Venice stands out in my mind, and I shall 
never forget out* ride down the grand canal in our 
cushioned gondola* It was a new experience to us 
to step out of the boat into our hotels There were 
no cars or horses in Venice, and we went everywhere 
by boat* It is a sight to watch the pigeons feeding 
in San Marco Square® I was impressed with the 
Bridge of Sighs, a small bridge that separates the 
court, where the prisoner is tried and condemned 
from the prison which he enters, probably for life/ 

We spent Easter In Florence, where the services 
were conducted by a Cardinals ^he whole service 
was a church Pageant with the Cardinal as the 
central figure« All the great Italian artists are 
represented in the different art galleries. One 
of the finest is a statue called David*’ by 
Michael Angelo* It is hewn out of one piece of 
marble-* The artist did this piece in his twenty* 
sixth year# 

The Cathedral at Milan and Leonardo de Vince’s 
painting of the "Last Supper" are outstanding* 

One can hardly imagine how marble could be carved 
to look like lace, but this is true of the great 
Cathedral* The "Last Supper 1 * has been restored to 
some of its original beauty* It is very fine® 

We finally left Italy for Vienna® Like Rome, its 
historic background of music and art, its museums 
and parks and grand operas, made our stay of three 
weeks very enjoyable & The Misses Ollorton and 
Martin left us here, as they had to return home* 

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It seemed lonely without there. 


Innsbruck was our next objective» We went by way 
of Sal2bubg, visiting Mozart’s home where he wrote 
"The Magic Flute* 1 ' Innsbruck is a beautiful city 
built in the Tyrolese Mountains-. It ‘is considered 
by some to be the most beautifully located city in 
the world* 

From there we went to Switzerland where we spent a 
month touring all over this beautiful country.- 
Then back to Paris® '$3 had been gone five months. 
During all that time I had a sore mouth. I had 
consulted doctors but none of them seemed to know 
what was my trouble. I consulted a specialist,. Dr. 
Leisuer, who said he could cure me but it would 
take a month# ..We had hoped to reach Norway to see 
the Northern Lights, but we had to change our plans. 
The National Decorative Arts Exhibit wa$ on in 
Paris, so we spent much of our time there. 

On July 16th we left for Germany visiting many 
historical places. Then on to the Scandinavian 
countries. I think Copenhagen is the cleanest city 
I ever saww It is so level that nearly everyone 
rides a bicycle. It is a home product and the 
price is very reasonable. One of our-trips wasrrto 
Elsinore, the setting for Shakespeare"Hamlet," 

I was very much thrilled with everything in Norway— 
the old Viking ships, the glaciers, waterfalls, and 
especially the people. They wore the native costumes 
with their picturesque head dress every Sunday. We 
sailed back to England via New Castle, thence to 
Liverpool, where Apostle and Sister Talmage greeted 
us at the headquarters of the L.D.S, Church. 

After remaining there for a few days, we again 
signed up with Cooks for a trip through Wales and 
Ireland. It was all interesting. We saw the 
Lakes of Killernery, kissed the Blarney Stone, 
visited the linen mills in Belfast, and went to 
the Giant r s Causeway* In fact, our guide told us 

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we had taken in all the attractive places on this 

I am sorry to say my mouth was sore again and I 
should have gone back to Paris. But I thought I 
had to come home to teach. We were booked to sail 
on August 28th. The boat was very crowded, and the 
ocean was rough® I was not seasick, but I was ill 
with my mouths I had lost much weight a It was the 
worst crossing I have ever had. We landed at 
Quebec and finally arrived home September 9th, 
having been gone a little over a year« 

School began the next Monday. I was in no con¬ 
dition to teach but thought I must* Dr. Oaks had 
taken a culture of my mouth and had a serum made 
which he gave me. I immediately went into chills 
and fever® For eight weeks I was delirious most 
of the time and was In a sanitarium for five weeks. 
Then I went to California for the rest of the 
winter * 

I taught part time the next winter but I was never 
well® The following summer Anna Ollorton and I went 
to Honolulu* This trip did much for me® I gained 
ten pounds® Up to this time I had steadily lost 
weighty I was over the hump«s I began to grow 
stronger but never went back to full time teaching* 

In the summer of 1928 I went to Seattle for summer 
school® From there I took a very fine trip to 
Alaska, went into British Columbia for a week to 
the Atlin Lakes A Alaska is a very restful trip 
and the scenery is fine. Mrs. Ward Moore of Pueblo 
was my room-mate» We became fast friends and have 
remained friends ever since. I have visited her 
and she has partaken of my hospitality e 

In September, 1930 I left Provo for New York. On 
the way I went to Tulsa to visit my nephew and 
family, Harold and Geneve Dunn, and their children. 
Bob, Paul, and David® I stayed there a month® 

Then I went to Washington for two weeks where I 

• 2 > 

visited A, Rex and Edith Johnson® Then on to New 
York* I was there for three months., during which 
time I went to many theatres and visited many 
museums and galleries* 

I left New York on January 10th for a World Tour® 

We stopped at the Maderia Islands,,, a beautiful 
little bit of heaven in the Atlantic near Gibaral- 
tar« We visited the latter, seeing as much of this 
stronghold as the civilian is allowed® The other 
places, Monte Carlo, Naples, and Egypt I enjoyed, 
but I have already mentioned these places * 

lifter leaving Egypt we started down through the 
Rod Sea, the Persian Gulf, and across the Indian 
Ocean, where we stopped at Bombay. Our boat re¬ 
mained there while we took our trips inland.. 

The Maharajah of Boroda and his family had joined 
our party at Naples. We were all interested in 
them* When we arrived at Bombay our boat was 
saluted with twenty-one guns in his honor# A tug 
loaded with important officials came out to meet 
them® The Maharajah and his wife, dressed in all 
their oriental splendor, went with them in the tug CT 
The rest of the family were treated as ordinary 
passengers* Baroda is one of the wealthiest and 
most modern provinces of India® 

The most interesting place to me in all India is 
the Taj Mahal, the beautiful memorial built by the 
Mohammedan Emperor Shah Jehan. The city of Agra 
is made famous by this beautiful memorial* "The 
approach to the Taj is by Taj Gani Gate, a worthy 
pendant to the Taj itself, which opens on an inclose 
garden 880 feet long by 440 feet wide on the bank of 
the Jumna River® This is divided by a broad es- 
planada with a central waterway straight from the 
gateway to the entrance of the Taj, and again by 
transverse pavement, The four quarters of the 
garden with their beautiful flowers and shrubs and 
trees make a perfect setting for the loveliest of 
human memorials »*' 

The marble platform on which the Taj stands is 
22 feet high and 313 feet square. A graceful 
marble minaret springs from each corner and rises 
to a height of 137 feet® The tomb itself covers 
a space 186 feet square in the center of the plat¬ 
form, and the great central dome is 187 feet above 
the pavement* About 20 years were required to 
complete the structure and the cost has been es¬ 
timated at from 18 . 000 a 000 to 30,-000,000 of rupees * 

"Within are the cenotaphs of the 'Pride of the 
Palace * and her royal lover surrounded by a marble 
screen so delicately chiseled through that it 
looks more like lacework than a pattern sculptured 
in stone,’while the plain surfaces are covered 
with an inlay tracing of semi-precious stone," ~ 

- - - "At one time the tombs were studded with 
diamonds and other stones of priceless value, and 
on the anniversary of her wedding a canopy com^ 
posed entirely of pearls was spread over the 
cenotaph of the Empress" - -- - "For 300 years it 
has stood on the banks of the Jumna, the supreme 
achievement of human genius. Pictures give form 
and proportion and words tell something of the 
story, but the radiant beauty of Taj against the 
turquoise blue of the sky can no more be commit¬ 
ted to paper than the mounting color of a maiden's 
cheek or the perfume of a flower 0 " 

Bemares, the Holy City of the Hindus, and the 
oldest city in India, deserves mentioning& It 
was a flourishing city 600 B.C. This city has 
rivers on either side of it. They in turn flow 
into the Ganges, making it the size it will 
forever remain. Whoever dies within this city 
escape the penalty of rebirth^ for this reason 
many of the old and sick are brought here to end 
their days® 

We rode up and down the river on flat boats to 
watch the bathers who came daily to bathe, wash 
their clothes, and carry home a bucket of this 
sacred water to drink. 

( 25 ) 

The Indians burn the bodies of their dead* The 
body is annotated with clarified butter* It is 

then wrapped in new cloth and prayers are recited 
for the welfare of the departed soul* The following 
is the prayer: "0 thou departed spirit, I am burn¬ 
ing every part of your earthly body, which being 
full of passions and ignorance, did pious as well 
as impious acts. May the supreme Lord pardon all 
sinful acts committed by you either knowingly or 
unknowingly, and may thou ascend to the heavenly 
regions^” The fire is lighted by the nearest 
relative, usually the son of the deceased*. The 
ashes are thrown into the sacred river* We saw 
the pier built and the body laid upon it for the 

After leaving India we visited the island of Ceylon* 
then to Madras and on down the Malay Peninsula, 
stopping at Penang, Thenonto Singapore where we 
had ”tiffin” (luncheon) at the beautiful Raffles 
Hotel. We watched a group of native boys play 
tennis from boats® They used their paddles for 
rackets, and they played very skillfully® 

We were about to cross the Equator® The crew made 
quite an event of it. Neptune sends an emmisary 
from the ocean to the captain* He came dressed in 
a white bear skin and climbed up the ladder to the 
captain’s quarters e The deck was flooded with water 
with huge hose throwing it into the air* The boat 
was decorated with colored lights*. The water and 
the lights made a fine display as the bear slov/ly 
climbed the ladder to deliver his message® In the 
evening we had a very fine concert. Our orchestra 
was part of the crew, and we had concerts twice a 

It is a custom on crossing the Equator to initiate 
all who have never crossed before by dipping them 
in the out-door swimming pool® After luncheon it 
was a gala affair* There were thrones for the 
King and Queen Neptune, mermaids lying around on 
the deck, all of them dressed in appropriate costume® 




126 ) 

A court was held to try certain members for mis¬ 
demeanors committed on the trip® They always ended 
up by whitewashing the head of the individual, 
putting iodine on their toes, and throwing them in 
the pool® It was a jolly afternoon® That evening 
King Neptune’s dinner was held® Caps, rattles, 
and balloons were at every platej the more noise 
the merrier® Afterward a dancing party was held* 
The next morning membership certificates were 
presented to each of us from King Neptune, giving 
us his blessing and protection on all the oceans. 

Our first stop after crossing the Equator was at 
the small island of Bali, It is inhabited entirely 
by semi-civilized peoples« They told us we were 
the first cruise to ever stop there® Cars had been 
shipped from Java that we might be driven around 
the island® It is volcanic, and some parts of it 
are smoking all the time * tfe were entertained by 
small native girls dressed in gorgeous costumes 
and headPess® They gave many of their native 
dances, all of which are of a religious nature** 

The tropical plant life of the island was very 

We went from Bali to Java* We stopped at Batavia, 
its Capital. The newest and most interesting 
thing there was our dinner at the hotel called a 
’’Rice Tafel* 1 ’ We had to sign up for this dinner 
on the boat and were told the hotel people would 
be insulted if we did not eat all of it. Eighteen 
waiters were lined up, each one to put something on 
our plates * First was a huge mound of rice, and 
all the other ingredients were poured over it% 

There were different kinds of meats, chicken, seme 
vegetables, and numerous kinds of hot peppery 
sauces. I scraped out the rice and the meats,, but 
I could not eat all those hot sauces. Java has 
beautiful batik, I bought a piece for myself and 
one for the school, 

The next day we went to Buitenzorg to see their 
botanical garden. It covers 143 acres and is 

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generally regarded as the greatest scientific 
and practical botanical garden in the world* We 
sampled many of those tropical fruits, none of 
which I had ever tasted before® 

That evening we sailed for Indo-China® We were 
going North so we hoped for cooler weather* We had 
been sleeping on the deck for three weeks* I, as 
many others, had prickly heat a so we were ready for 
a temperate zone® 

The city of Eank-kok was our next objective® A city- 
in Siam, this city is different from any place we 
had been® Many of their temples are built of 
tiles* The Royal Institute of Siam, which is 
really a museum, was built for Pudda and historic 
material* The state raises poisonous snakes for 
their poison, out of which a serum is made for 
snake bites. We saw poisonous reptiles and were 
glad for a high steel fence between usThen we 
went to the Grand Palace where the King with his 
harem holds forth® Much gold and many fine gems 
have been used in its construction. There was the 
Snerald Buddha which is said to be made out of one 
emerald. Many of the statues are solid gold 9 

As is often the custom in the Orient, many of the 
houses are built on boats on their beautiful rivera 
We took a long boat ride to see them and their 
people® Dozens of little nude boys stood on the 
banks.. They were intent on watching us and seemed 
to be unconscious of the fact that they were nude® 
Their whole lives are spent upon the river® It is 
a cycle of birth, life, and death. 

We arrived back to our boat about midnight, very 
tired® The band was playing "Home Sweet Home" and 
“Hail, Hail the Gang’s All Here®" It seemed good 
to be back® The boat had been our home for several 
months • 

The next morning I was very much shocked when my 
stewardess told me the steward had died in the night* 

! 36«96 


He was buried at sea that day* This was the first 
and only burial I ever witnessed at sea» It was a 
lonely day, and I felt very far from home. We went 
on to Saigon, sometimes called the Oriental Paris, 
where we bought lace and I also bought a carved 

Borneo was much as I had pictured it to be—a semi** 
civilized people with customs in keeping with their 

I was looking forward to our visit in the Philip¬ 
pines • Their very fine Philippine band met us at 
the harbors We were treated like royalty through¬ 
out our stay. We first went to Zamboango where we 
visited their San Ramon Penal farm and prison® 

Most of the prisoners are trusties, and their 
families come there to live. All prisoners are 
taught a trade and have no difficulty in obtaining 
work when their terms expire^ 

We came back to Manila, went to the tobacco 
factory, and then went shopping® I bought two 
embroidered dresses. That evening at five we were 
invited to their hospital to a tea. 

The next day we had the privilege of going through 
the boat "The Empress of Japan”, a very fine 
passenger boat. We left Manila about five in the 
morning. It seemed not too early for the Manila 
band* They played several pieces then wound up 
with ”Aloha© fe Most of us got up on deck to give 
them a hand® The native music is very appealing* 

On our way to Hong Kong we struck the tail end of 
a typhon. The ocean was very rough, and many 
people aboard were seasick,. I escaped. 

Hong Kong was interesting. I tried to realize I 
was on the other side of the world from America. 
Hong Kong being an island, we had to go over to 
the mainland on a tender which went every few 
minutes. The Repulse Bay Drive is one of the great 

-• V - ■ ’ -• 

drives of the worlds At the tope of the hill we 
had a splendid view of the harbor which is one of 
the best in the worlds It was filled with crafts 
of every description, warships, oceanliners, river 
steamers, launches, sampans, and little row boats* 
In the distance were islands, waterways, and the 
purple hills of the mainland. 

At that time the Chinese dollar was worth *24/ in 
our money® But there was so much to buy that was 
new and interesting we had to be careful® I was 
impressed with the people, their great patience and. 
integrity, and their courtesy and kindness & 

We rode in sedan chairs while we were in Canton. 

I hated that® The poor fellows who carried our 
chairs had great welts on their backs* 

Thousands of people along the Pearl River live in 
boats. Their entire life is spent there* Often 
we would see the three or four generations living 
together® The old great grandparents down to the 
tiny baby knew no other life. 

We went from there to the Island of Formosa** It is 
owned by Japan. They treated us very well® Much 
tea is grown there, and the government presented 
each of us with a two-pound package of very fine 
tea. We used jinrickashas for our sight seeing 
there* New Shanghai is made up of Foreign Con** 
cessions# It is modern and up to date, with wide 
paved streets and fine buildings® It is sometimes 
called the w Paris of the Far East" and deserves 
the name* 

Old Shanghai, or the lialied City, is everjlhing 
typically Chinese — narrow streets, tiny shops, 
extreme poverty, unsanitary conditions, but it is 
all fascinating and well worth a visit# One of our 
interesting trips was to a Catholic School where 
the nuns are taking care of little girls who, as 
babies have been picked up cut cf ash. cans or the 
gutter. They are taught m^ny of the applied .its 

in addition to their regular education, 
splendid piece of work is beinr done here? Girl 
babies are looked upon with scorn and many of them 
reach the fate I have already mentioned* Many of 
them die before they are found by these good 
Sisters * 

We went to Peking on the train via Chinwangtoa, 
passing through Tientsin^ We saw many small 
cemeteries and all the graves were kept very clean® 
The largest grave is the oldest ancestor® They 
put a little more dirt on each year© Ancestor 
worship is in evidence everywhere* Every member 
of a family visits the graves of his ancestors 
once a year® After cleaning off the grave and 
heaping a little more dirt on it, he leaves his 
calling card in the way of food or other mementoes 
Good soil that should be used to raise food is 
taken up for cemeteries#. 

From a historical standpoint, Peking is the most 
interesting city in China, It dates back cen¬ 
turies before the Christian era® The present 
city was built largely by Kublai Kahn in the 
thirteenth century® It is a city of walls within 
walls many feet thick—cities within cities., each 
one designating what class of people shall live 
therein® Everything that is most beautiful in 
Chinese art and workmanship is found in Peking — 
the finest art collections, the richest temples, 
the most magnificent palaces, and the most 
vigorous people are centered here* 

One morning wo walked up on the top of the wall 
until we were opposite the American Legation® 

As we stood there the American flag was raised 
and the band played "The Star Spangled Banner** 

Miss Johnson and I both cried®. Miss Lillian 
Johnson is from Minneapolis, Minnesota, and she 
and I became fast friends and took many trips 

We visited the great Wall of China which reaches 

hundreds of milec arid is more 'than 
w- ■ »h at tne top for a team and -wagon to drive# 

It was built 200 years BeG*. as a line of defeme 
from the Barbarians #• 

We stopped one day in Korea* There is little for 
the traveler to see here* 

Every eity we visited in Japan was teeming with 
interest * The little Geisha, girls who met us in 

Haget#ak$ and nted ns with little parasols 

rings of pearl beads, the cherry blossom, tea 
mid dance in Hyoioj, The beautiful hotel and the 
-palate in feSyey The red lacquer bridge and the 
templee at Mikko® The great Buddha at Kamakura«. 
a..: : Marry other things held our attention® The 
eherry tree# were in full bloom. We took a long 
ride through them up into the tops of the mountains 
r-rwr ws had magnificent views of Fujiyama, the 
sunred mountain of Japan, 

Between Japan and Hawaii we had two Saturdays come 

together* May End and ;$td were both Saturdays» 

We had gained a day going Sast and turning our 
watches a little each night® 

Our stay in Hawaii was short«. We were there three 
days, but every moment was enjoyable® Our delict 
ious dinner at the Royal Hawaiin Hotel and all the 
privileges they gave us were fine® 

We were on our way to the good old U.S.A* At San 
Pedro I met my sisters. Hazel and Vieve, and it 
did . aem good to see them-® We drove up to Holly™ 
woof and had dinner with my niece Virginia* My 
sister Hell, her daughter Ruth and Inlaw Aurora 
were there* Easel and Clarence? and Mae and Vieve 
brought me back to the boat* We sailed the next 
morning for- the Panama Canal* g a fine trip 

in itself *. Sfe Spent one day at Havana sight seeing 
and then on to New York,., having been around the 
world®. We were soon through the customs, and Ann 
Oilorton and Ora A ? Dixon met me at the dock* I 

hated to leave the boat* I am a good sfej h>r and 
always enjoy it* We had been gone twenty weeks 
lacking two days ® 

Lillian Johnson, who became my pal on the boat, 
invited me to go through New England with her in 
her cars She had driven it to New York when she 
started her trip* So we spent the month of June 
following the coast line almost entirely as far as 
Portland, Maine* We went inland from there r 
visiting many places of interest, then we came 
down the Million Dollar Highway by the Hudson 
Riven and West Point ® 

I had now been over drives considered the greatest 
in the world — Grand Comiche Drive on the French 
Rivera, Amalfi Drive near Serrento, Italy, Repulse 
Bay Drive at Hong Kang, and the Million Dollar 
Drive down the Hudson River?., 1 think the Provo*® 
American Fork Canyon drive should be considered 
as one of them* It is very beautiful also® 

The New England trip was really a climax to my 
world tour* Sfe loitered along, visiting wherever 
we wanted to, and staying as long as we desired^ 
When nightfall came we sought shelter in same 
roomy New England home where we could get our 
dinner and breakfast * It was an ideal trip in 
every particulars. We stayed five days in Boston 
where Miss Johnson, who is a Christian Scientist, 
attended a convention of that city® 

On my way home from New York, I stayed over at 
St 3 Louis to visit Lola Ellsworth who was there 
on a mission* I also visited Mrs 3 Moore in Pueblo 
We had traveled through Alaska together* I ar*. 
rived back in Provo in July^ 19,31, having been 
gone ten months* 

In 1933 I went to the World’s Fhir in Chicago and 
was disappointed in many ways, especially its 
crude coloring* It does not stand out in nry 
memory for anything beautiful as did the San 


33 ; 

Praise 1st ?o Fair in 1915* After visiting the Fair 
I went to Minneapolis to visit Miss Johnson and a 
group of girls who had gone around the world cm 
the same boat 1 dido 

In 19.S6 Miss Johnson and X decided to take a 
freight boat trip to Africa and Spains There were 
only twelve passengers on the boat © Seme of them 
were very pleasant, while others had habits we did 
not like, so it was not altogether agreeable, bat 
we did see all of North Africa from Casa Blanca to 
Tunisia« Then ws crossed the Mediterranean, fol¬ 
lowing the eastern coast of Spain up to Frances 

We stopped at most towns on the way back® On 
reaching Malaga we made plans to visit Granada 
to see the Alhambra® But that evening the first 
guns of the Spanish Civil war were fired at 
Malaga#. We were standing, ready to get off the 
boat as soon as the gang plank was 1 owe re do The 
machine guns were hidden in a park across the 
street by the government* They fired into the 
crowd assembled at the dock, killing many, and in 
the next twenty-four hours 152 people were killed# 
The pilot, who was on board, said he thought it 
was an insurrection,, We waited three days thinking 
we could get our mail and go ashore as we expected® 
But we finally sailed away to our next port* 

The next day as we neared the little Spanish town 
of Ceuta, on the African Coast, a little plane 
came out of Ceuta and sailed over us t The pilot 
tried to drop three bombs on our boat, any one of 
which would have sent us to the bottom-® The bombs 
failed to hit us by a few feet «. I was standing 
alone by the rail when the first bomb dropped# I 
tried to get over to the crowd, but my knees 
buckled up# Some were crying, some Catholic girls 
were counting the beads on their rosaries, some 
were praying on that boat when the captain who was 
on the upper deck with his field glasses called* 
s Thank God, that is his last bcrob. H We all ealined 
down when we heard this news# At that moment we 






heard boats on the opposite side from ere we 
were standing. We crossed over and found two 
Spanish war ships coming toward us. They were 
very close and we could see the color of the men’s 
clothes. Our engineer said, "Their guns are 
stripped; they are ready for action." We stood 
there waiting, but when they were opposite us they 
saluted our American Flag that we were flying. 

We felt.very much relieved. They turned in on 
Ceuta, bombing the city.^ Franco was there at the 
time. That night we went to bed very grateful to 
God for sparing our lives-. 

We did not know that this was the beginning of the 
Spanish Civil war, but the captain decided we had 
better come home without finishing our trip. So 
we came back to New York.. 

I had an invitation at Christmas in 1936 to spend 
Christmas with Wm. E.. Ellsworth and family at 
Safford, Arizona-. They have nine children and 
they, with their families, made up a crowd of 
about forty. We had a grand Christmas. The day 
after, we started for the City of Mexico. The 
party consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Ellsworth, their 
daughter Lola, and myself. 

It was a nice trip. The weather was balmy and 
sunny. We learned later that we were escaping 
the coldest weather Utah had seen since it 'was 
settled. As I came home the snow,along by Cedar 
City was higher than the bus. It had been below 
zero for more than a month; at one time it reached 
36 below zero. 

In the year 1937 I was appointed to the £tate Fair 
Board by my dear friend Governor Henry H, Blood. 

I occupied this position for five years or as 
long as Governor Blood held office. I enjoyed my 
work in this position. We had a nice staff. Mr. 
A. G. McKenzie was our president, and Mr. Ernest 
Holmes was the manager. 

In 1938 Ann Ollorton and I went to, Berkeley, 

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California to school* We had a pleasant winter, 
although it rained much of the time. On our way- 
home we went through Yosemite Bark, and then on 
south where I left Ann at Los Angeles and stayed 
over to visit with my sisters Hazel and Vieve* 

In 1939 Mrs* George Ballif and I were appointed as 
hostesses to the World's Fair in New York* I felt 
this was a great honor. California was also 
holding a World Fair at Treasure Island near San 
Francisco* I was asked to go there as a Utah 
representative for Utah Day, June 14th. This was 
really on my way, as I was going to New York via 
the Panama Canal* 

I visited my sisters in Hollywood, then took the 
boat at San Pedro* It was a fifteen day trip and 
my first ocean voyage in three years. 

The World’s Fair trip was very unusual and differ¬ 
ent from any other experience. The Fair was much 
larger than any previous one. It had 65 miles of 
pavement. It was the most sanitary fair; the 
grounds and buildings were clean at all times. 

The toilets were the cleanest I hate ever seen in 
any public place. I was glad to have this oppor¬ 
tunity to see the fair so thoroughly* It covered 
1,215 acres. u Here men of courage, imagination, 
and skill had created an inspiring spectacle which 
will become a landmark in the history of civiliza¬ 

The theme of the fair was "Building the World of 
Tomorrow”. The center ef t he fair was the Trylon 
and Perisphere with the four elements, earth, fire, 
water, and air. The Trvlon could be seen from 
almost anywhere on the grounds. From here the 
fair was divided into seven zones--amusements, 
food, communications, business system, community 
interests, international areas, production and 
distribution, and -transportation. This enabled the 
fair-goer to plan his visit with efficiency* The 
statue of Washington was 65 feet high. The giant 

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Sun Dial showed the figwr€r« -a/ past, present s - 
and future, and the Four Freedoms^ whieh were four 
large pillars at the corners of the bridge which 
crossed the Lagoon leading from the wari-colored 
fountains that played so beautifully every night 
down to the TryIon and Perisphere* Each of these 
immense pillars had statuesque figures built 
around them representing a freedom. They were 
The Freedom of the Press, Freedom of Public 
Assembly, Freedom of Religion, and Freedom of 
Speech# I used to pass it daily and think of 
what few countries had those freedoms® 

The French and the English, also the Russian and 
Italian buildings were noted for their beauty, 
especially the French© I went through it many 
times but always found something new and artistic®. 
The Belgium building was noted for its wonderful 
display of diamonds from the Belgian Congo©. The 
House of ewe Is was another very attractive build¬ 
ing and much visited. Probably the General Motors 
exhibit had the longest waiting line of any 
building. It had a wonderful exhibit of the World 
of Tomorrow© 

So much was beautiful that I cannot write more of 
it* But I must say 1 shall always remember with 
great pleasure the four months I spent at the 
New York World Fair© I had many opportunities to 
meet people® This contact was splendid, as I was 
privileged to explain our ideas on Mormonxsm to a 
very fine class of people. The usual question was 
polygamy, but when I told them it was no longer 
practiced and never had been practiced by more 
than two per cent of our people, they had little 
to say* Those people who had visited Utah were 
.loud in their praises for her beauty as well as 
the hospitality of her people© Our Utah fruit 
took first place with them, and they never ceased 
praising our scenery. 

The fair closed October 31st for 1933« I remained 
in New York a week visiting my niece, Gail Ericksen 


Atwood * who lives on 1 -rig Island* Then I went to 
Washington where I was- the guest of Mr*- and Mrs* 

Rest Johnson* I hod been to Washington many*--t i mes 
before so I did very little sight seeing« 1 spent 

Christmas there, then made a trip through the South 
going to Williamsburg where I visited many historic 
places and saw many of the old places which are 
being restored to their early American types» 

1 visited Richmond* then to North and South Carolina* 
Georgia, and Florida, where I visited all the points 
of interest* even going as far south as Key West. 
Florida is a playground, especially for the very- 
wealthy* many of them owning beautiful estates and 
remaining there only a week or two in a year* But 
ordinary people have a good time too® 

1 went to New Orleans from Florida® I expected to 
stay for the Mardi Gras but the weather was so very 
cold I gave it up after sight seeing for a few days,? 

I had developed neuritis in my right arm and was 
glad to go on to sunny Arizona® I remained there 
for some weeks but my arm did not improve» I went 
to California® I decided I must have something more 
than sunshine to cure my arm? I came home in May* 
having been gone eleven months® The doctor told me 
I had neuritis in lay arm and arthritis in my shoul¬ 
der® It took most of the summer to regain my health© 

Before going to the World's Fair I had resigned my 
position at the Brigham Young University® President 
Harris had made me Professor Emeritus, which gave 
me every privilege of a faculty member without any 
responsibility. I still retain all those privileges-* 

Two years ago I had a very delightful trip to 
California and ArizonaI have had many short 
trips to Idaho visiting my nieces and sister® 

Last summer (1943) I was invited to spend a month 
in Colorado®. The Ellsworths had bought a cattle 
ranch near Colorado Springs« It was a fine summer 
resort with a great big ranch house and barn. 




plenty of milk, butter and eggs, and all the other 
good things to eat.> I also visited Mrs* Ward Moore- 

in Pueblo* She insisted on haying two dinner 
parties for me* It was a very fine trips 

I have just returned from a three weeks trip to 
California visiting my sisters and friends* 

In May, 1944, my friends, the Ellsworths, wrote me 
they were driving to Salt Lake from the cattle 
ranch near Colorado Springs, where 1 had spent some 
happy weeks last summer. They invited me to go 
back with them for a few weeks* I was delighted 
at the prospects of visiting Colorado again. There 
were six of us in the big comfortable Packard car, 

Mr. and Mrs* Ellsworth, their daughter Lola who is 
very dear to me, two granddaughters, and myself* 

It was a fine drive through very lovely country 
and with the best of company* 

I stayed at the ranch nearly four weeks, then 
visited Mrs *. Eola Peterson, an old-time friend 
who now lives in Provo but spends her summers on 
her ranch near Sanford in the southern part of 
the State® After visiting her for a week, 1 went 
to Pueblo, spending a few delightful days with Mr* 
and Mrs® Moore, whose friendship I value highly* 

I am home again now, and I expect a visit later 
this summer from Miss ^illian Johnson, my world 
tour friend® 

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