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American Iris Society 

JANUARY, 1939 
No. 72 


Foreword, B. Y. Morrison _ 1 

1938 Observations, Mrs. Virginia F. Clutton _ 2 

Variety Notes, 1938, Mrs. Herman E. Lewis __ 9 

Iris Thrills of 1938, John Dolman , Jr. _ 22 

Varietal Notes, 1938, Miss Eleanor Hill _ 27 

A Garden of Two Iris Lovers in Massachusetts, Eleanor P. Jones _ 36 

“ A Little Time with the Repeating Irises Around Los Angeles, 

Bussell D. Dysart _ 39 

Symposium of Pink Iris, E. G. Lapham ___ 48 

Iris Shows, 1938, Mrs. Balph E. Bicker _ 52 

Membership List _ 67 

Our Members Write _ 73 

Published Quarterly by 


Entered as second-class matter January, 1934, at the Post Office at Baltimore, Md. 

under the Act of March 3, 1879. 

$3.00 the Year—50 Cents per Copy for Members 



Term expiring 1939: Dr. H. H. Everett 

Dr. J. H. Kirkland 

J. B. Wallace, Jr. 
Richardson Wright 

Term expiring 1940: W. J. McKee 

David F. Hall 

J. P. Fishburn 
Dr. Henry Lee Grant 

Term expiring 1941: 

Dr. Franklin Cook 
Kenneth B. Smith 

Howard R. Watkins 
J. E. Wills 

President —Dr. H. H. Everett, 417 Woodman Accident Building, Lincoln, Nebr. 
Vice-President —Mr. W. J. McKee, 45 Kenwood Ave., Worcester, Mass. 

Secretary —Mr. Howard R. Watkins, 821 Washington Loan and Trust Bldg., 
Washington, D. C. 

Treasurer —J. P. Fishburn, Box 2531, Roanoke, Va 
Regional Vice-Presidents — 

1. Mrs. Herman E. Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass. 

2. Frederick W. Cassebeer, 953 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. 

3. John C. Wister, Wister St. and Clarkson Ave., Germantown, Philadel¬ 

phia, Pa. 

4. J. Marion Shull, 207 Raymond St., Chevy Chase, Md. 

5. Mr. T. N. Webb, Durham, N. C. 

6. Mrs. Silas B. Waters, 2005 Edgecliff Point, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

7. Mrs. T. A. Washington, 1700 18th Ave., South, Nashville, Tenn. 

8. Dr. Frederick A. Willius, 815 8th St., S. W., Rochester, Minn. 

9. Dr. Franklin Cook, 636 Church St., Evanston, Ill. 

10. Frank E. Chowning, 2110 Country Club Lane, Little Rock, Ark. 

11. Dr. C. W. Hungerford, 514 East C St., Moscow, Idaho. 

12. Mr. Merritt Perkins, 2235 Fairfax St., Denver, Colo. 

13. Carl Starker, Jennings Lodge, Ore. 

14. Mrs. F. E. Reibold, 1395 Linda Yista Ave., Pasadena, Calif. 

15. William Miles, Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada. 

Chairmen of Committees: 

Scientific—Dr. A. E. Waller, 210 Stanbery Ave., Bexley, Columbus, Ohio. 
Election—Dr. C. Stuart Gager, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Membership and Publicity—Dr. H. H. Everett, Woodman Accident 
Building, Lincoln, Nebr. 

Registration—C. E. F. Gersdorff, 1825 No. Capitol St., Washington, D. C. 
Exhibition—Mrs. Ralph E. Ricker, 1516 R^ss St., Sioux City, Iowa. 

Bibliography—Mrs. W. H. Peckham, The Lodge, Skylands Farm, Ster- 
lington, N. Y. 

Awards—W. J. McKee. 

Recorder of Introductions —L. Merton Gage, Natick, Mass. 

Editorial Board —B. Y. 

Mrs. James R. Bachmai 
Mrs. Wm. H. Benners 
Henry L. Butterworth 
Mrs. Ella W. Callis 
Frank E. Chowning 
Charles E. Decker 
Fred De Forest 
Julius Dornblut, Jr. 

S. R. Duffy 
Leo J. Egelberg 

Morrison, Editor; Mrs. 
Mrs. J. F. Emigholz 
C. E. F. Gersdorff 
Dr. Henry Lee Grant 
David F. Hall 
A. H. Harkness 
H. II. Harned 
Mrs. W. K. Kellogg 
E. G. Lapham 
L. W. Lindgren 
Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop 
Mrs. C. S. McKinney 

J. E. Hires, Ass’t Editor 

Bruce C. Maples 
Mrs. G. R. Marriage 
Mrs. H. Hoyt Nissley 
Ford B. Rogers 
Kenneth D. Smith 
Miss Dorothy Stoner 
M. Frederick Stuntz 
R. S. Sturtevant 
Mrs. Walter E. Tobie 
Mrs. C. G. Whiting 

LANTERN SLIDES—Rental Fee (to members) $10.00. Apply to Mrs. 
Herman E. Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass. 


J..k A 'V 


* The theme song for this number, following the pert foreword 
of our last, should be “Oh, How Lovely,” because there are pages 
and pages and pages and more pages of varietal notes, descriptions 
and impressions. Then the show reports and the list of new 
members (within a fixed and limited period) and then more small 

Now before you recover from the shock of two bulletins in one 
mail, and before you “take your pen in hand” to complain about 
the lack of various reports, just have a little more patience and a 
supplement will be along to give you all the reports, i. e., all that 
have been written. 

B. Y. Morrison, Editor. 


Virginia F. Clutton 

* It seems especially delightful when the annual meeting of the 
A.I.S. is held in a city whose iris season differs from one’s own, as 
happened to me this year. 

On the afternoon of May 12 I drew up to Dr. and Mrs. Grant’s 
hospitable garden in Louisville, and until the sun grew low en¬ 
joyed the quantities of iris bloom, each color growing momentarily 
more lovely as the sun sank. Many other iris lovers enjoyed with 
me this feast of color, moving slowly back and forth, up and 
down the rows of blooms, stopping here to gaze with pleasure at 
an old iris friend, and there to make notes about a new one. 

The Grants are in their new home, with acres around them— 
spacious acres which one visions becoming gradually filled with 
lovely iris seedlings. 

The planting was but a year old, and while there was ample 
bloom, naturally enough many varieties gave evidence of being not 
quite completely established, and for this reason it seems best to 
omit mention of height, size, or branching in many eases. 

Almost every plant exhibited bloom, and there were many of the 
newer varieties to stimulate interest—and many charming old 
friends, too. 

Among yellows I was happy to greet again Tasmania, the beauty, 
lovely Golden Treasure, Capri, Spring Prom, Alta California (one 
stalk with eight open flowers), Golden Hind, Alice Harding, 
Eclador (whose soft brown reticulations add so much charm to 
the flower), Happy Days, Eilah, and others. Among those new to 
me I found ivory and cream Attye Eugenia, with its primrose 
haft and orange beard, delightful. Then there was Treasure 
Island, deep yellow self, the central portion of the flower paler, 
and with a slender whitish-lavender tongue below the beard, re¬ 
minding one of Robert. From a slight distance the heavy brown 
reticulation at the turn of the fall gives almost the effect M dark 
spots either side of the beard. 

Creamy Pearl Lustre, deep bronzy yellow Cafe an Lait, and 
orange-toned Naranja were here too. Because my first glimpse of 
Naranja was a disappointment to me, and as others, too, may have 
seen it here for the first time and felt similarly disappointed, in 

that it was small, low, and really only a very deep yellow with a 
brown wash on the falls (or so it seemed to me), I wish, in all 
fairness to the really beautiful bloom that it can be when estab- 
lished, to express my enthusiasm for it as I saw it at the Chicago 
Show, and again, later: a flower sufficiently large, of satisfactory 
form with soft-toned, crepey-textured conic standards with a dis¬ 
tinct suggestion of orange in them, and widely flaring deeper 
toned falls, charmingly washed with brown on the upper portion. 
A unique and beautiful iris. 

But to return to Louisville. Brunhilde was first in line, her 
deep violet tone with practically no reticulation, so well and pleas¬ 
ingly known to so many of the visitors. Ouray, nearby, a soft 
deep red, rich and attractive with velvety falls. Not a tall variety, 
but an arresting color. Quadroon, large and somewhat tailored in 
appearance, was a pronounced bieolor, with light, bronzy stand¬ 
ards and rosy red velvet falls. Seedling No. 198 of Mr. Ivleinsorge 
was in this color range but with less effect of yellow, the standards 
being more rosy than Quadroon’s, and with a very pleasing blend¬ 
ing of colors, yellower in tone at the base and rosier above. The 
deeper velvet falls were rounding, the beard orange. Jean La Fitte 
resembled this seedling, too, in a general way, having still less 
yellow in its make-up and a deeper tone. Its branching was excel¬ 
lent, and there were 13 well spaced buds and blooms, 4 open at a 
time. Its soft rosy color was delightful. 

The Red Douglas was lovely, as always. Its large size, with 
velvety red-purple falls widening abruptly from the clean hafts, 
and its rich orange beard all give it distinction. 

Siegfried’s yellow standards seemed slightly soft, but the ivory 
falls were amply heavy, and the rich brown feathering looked like 

Word came that we were to visit the seedling patch, and all 
piled into cars and followed the leader to a section called Indian 
Hills where most of Dr. Grant’s seedlings were still growing—and 
for which his rich violet seedling was named. 

Here everyone seemed attracted by Sun Gleam (36-17-A), a 
primrose flower with deeper falls and very smooth coloring; this 
seemed its outstanding feature. It was nicely formed with ruffled 
standards and pleasingly undulated falls, and had 7 buds and 
flowers, and about 32 inches of stem, in this, its first year of bloom. 

Dr. Grant’s 36-22-A caused considerable discussion as to what 
color to call it: Magenta seemed almost universally accepted, 
finally; almost a self, with a dull beard. 


# 36-32-A, too, caused much comment, all agreeing that it was 
“different,” with its dull rosy-tan standards and deeper crushed 
strawberry velvet falls with a wide (quarter-inch) edge of tan 
“silk.” Clean cut it was, this edge, not blending into the rest of 
the fall, but reminding one of a silk band of trimming on a velvet 
gown. Guardsman was tentatively chosen as its name. 

There were a couple of pale creams that were charming and 
others that received their share of admiration. Here, too, was Sir 
Launcelot, so brightly brown and glowing from a distance that it 
positively beckoned one to it. It is low growing, but makes up in 
rich brilliance what it lacks in height; and the garden certainly 
needs some of these lower growing varieties quite as much as it 
does the taller ones. 

Next morning, an early visit found several people already in 
Dr. Grant’s garden. Cortez had opened, its conic old-gold stand¬ 
ards flushed bronze at the edges and with a touch of green on the 
midrib; its flaring dark purplish red falls richly velvet. Beowulf, 
of medium size here, seemed a pleasing reddish tone with cupped 
standards, flaring velvet falls, and but a very small area of reticu¬ 
lation. Marco Polo, taller, had rosy standards and crimson velvet 
falls, and a well branched and many flowered stalk. 

Angelus I found very attractive with a dullish, soft, “old” lav¬ 
ender tone. Michaelamgelo, too, was in this color 'range, but 
slightly more grayish—a dove gray, perhaps, would describe it; a 
self, and with pleasing form. Amenti, with similarly “old” laven¬ 
der standards, had brighter lavender falls with a slight metallic 
glint, and an edging that matched the standards. Amitola was a 
pale blend of soft yellow-tan and lavender with a buff haft and 
orange beard. This was more bicolor than Amenti. 

Christabel I thought still one of the nicest reds, with its rich 
color, the center softened and lightened by beard and liaft. Shin¬ 
ing Waters was still “tops,” I thought, in the light blue class. 
Blue Peter, a rich violet with velvet falls, was almost a self: a 
tailored flower with rather narrow hafts and a dull beard. 

Tenaya’s soft, rich purple is always a welcome sight, as it was 
here, with its falls velvety and slightly redder in tone than the 

Dr. Grant’s light blue Exclusive seemed between Blue Monarch 
and Blue Triumph in tone, without the glistening quality of the 
latter, and with better substance than either, it seemed. Like the 

*1 can’t tell from her writing whether this is 36-32-A or 36-52-A.—M. M. B. 


others, it fades with age. It was about 32" tall, here, and well 

No. 37-1, a yellow seedling of Dr. Grant’s, attracted me. Of 
Dykes form—and with just a suggestion of flecking—it was less 
large than Dykes, though of good size, and had fascinating brown 
reticulations, soft and delicate, which were perhaps its most dis¬ 
tinctive quality. I seldom like reticulation, but here, as in Eclador, 
it added much charm to the flower. Its four branches began low 
on the stalk and carried 12 buds and blooms, well spaced. Five 
flowers were open. A delightful seedling. 

Mount Cloud’s pure white had just a touch of blue in it upon first 
opening. Form was pleasing, branching and substance good, and 
texture smooth. 

Far West, with its tan and lavender blended standards and 
slightly deeper lavender falls, with yellow haft and beard, showed 
good form, size, and branching. 

Khorasan’s olive-yellow standards repeated their color in a 
narrow edge around the red-toned falls. 

Dr. and Mrs. Grant were hosts to a large group of iris fans at 
luncheon on Friday, and about the middle of the afternoon, after 
another visit to the Indian Hills seedlings, I bid adieu to these 
hospitable people and turned “Sally’s” nose toward Cincinnati. 

Saturday morning I called Mrs. Ayres and arranged to visit the 
garden immediately. Dr. Ayres had found it necessary to be 
absent from home at the time of the meeting, much to his and our 
regret. He was able to see only some of the very early bloom in 
his garden, and must have missed it sadly during his absence. 

Mrs. Ayres’ charming reception of us made us feel very wel¬ 
come—for after arrival I found that several others had had the 
same idea as I did of getting some extra iris pleasure from this 
morning which was given over to registration. 

Perhaps the most outstanding new iris in Dr. Ayres’ garden was 
the deep yellow self—No. 38-1—which attracted so much attention 
and such very favorable comments. It was a true self, a really 
deep yellow, without reticulation and with the beard only slightly 
darker in tone. Standards were arched and falls somewhat flared. 
Three branches, dotted with 7 well spaced flowers, graced the 35" 
stalk, and the color glowed even in the rain which presently fell. 

Other yellows there were: Jasmania, its lovely deep tone not 
quite able to match that of the new seedling, but with a richer 
orange beard. The iris named in honor of Mrs. Silas B. Waters, 

[ 5 ] 

who was to entertain ns so very graciously on two later occasions, 
was as charming as its namesake, I felt. A soft, clear primrose 
self, a crisp and “clean” color; the standards were arched and 
ruffled and the falls semi-flaring, with heavier substance and 
enamelled surface. There was practically no reticulation, and the 
stem was well branched. 

Many other yellow seedlings greeted us, making their first bow 
in silken frocks that ran the gamut from pale primrose to deepest 
gold, some with falls “washed’’ with brown. A few reds there 
were, a rosy copper self, some whites, one with delicate olive flush 
on the haft, styles, and crests—a “different” flower with nice 
form; another with an unusually rich golden haft and orange 
beard, and many, many more of various colorings. 

The grounds here at Ayres’ were beautiful, spacious, cool, and 
inviting, overlooking the Little Miami from a considerable height, 
and with ample space on its rolling acres to hide away both Mrs. 
Ayres’ green garden and the doctor’s seedling beds so that the 
casual visitor might see neither of these rather “special” spots. 
It was with real regret that I left this lovely place and hurried 
back to the hotel to register, and enjoy a bite of lunch, just in 
time to take my place in one of the many cars furnished by Cin¬ 
cinnati iris lovers to take us to visit Mr. Wareham’s colorful 
garden and Mrs. Waters’ dramatic, terraced one. 

At Mr. Wareham’s we found flowers of every kind, with iris, of 
course, in abundance. The seedlings, of course, were of the 
greatest interest, and Triptych, a large, tall, well branched yellow 
with a soft olive tone, delicately flushed deeper, was very charm¬ 
ing to my eyes—and to all others, apparently. Arching stand¬ 
ards, well flared falls and wide haft, made for a delightful form, 
and the substance was very good. It measured 38" but Mr. Ware- 
ham told us that it was even taller the previous year. 

“Java” was a smaller flower and low growing—“ashes of old 
rose” one might call its color, perhaps. I was sorry to miss Vision 
Fugitive, which Mr. Wareham seemed to feel was the nicest of his 
seedlings. Rain came and we all rushed into the large and inter¬ 
esting home, full of unusual bits of art and with some stunning 
flower arrangements which I was told Mr. Wareham made himself. 
After enjoying a cup of tea and some perfectly delicious chocolate 
cake, a few of us ventured out between the drops—but evidently 
we weren’t very clever about following the directions given us, for 
soon we were hopelessly “muddled,” and, the rain coming down 

16 ] 

faster and faster, we finally gave up and returned to the house. 

Presently we were driven on to Mrs. Silas B. Waters’ delightful 
home and garden. Here the iris were planted on rather narrow 
terraces, just room for a bed of iris and a path beside it, then 
another similar terrace above and one below, and so on. The 
sharply falling hillside, dropping away from the house and terrace 
perched high above the river, made this mode of planting neces¬ 
sary—and charming. Part of the slope was left in grass, and a 
few fine old trees, some splendid evergreens about the stone steps, 
and two or three tiny, lovely pools carefully placed, added much 
interest to the garden. 

Here I received my first glimpse of Fiesta, which I described, in 
m} T notes, as a lovely rose-tan. The color is really indescribable, 
but attractive. I saw it again in Indiana, later, and there it was 
taller but much more tan and less coppery. It was low growing in 
both gardens, but Mr. White tells me that it grows 50" tall with 
him, so I shall look forward to seeing it again on an established 

The dinner and annual meeting will be described by another, no 
doubt, so without stopping to sleep at all (and indeed I did be¬ 
grudge the time), I’ll take you right into the next (Sunday) 
morning, where busses met us at the front door and took us to 
visit Mrs. Emigholtz’ garden, where Dr. Ayres’ new yellow iris, 
Mrs. Silas Waters, was the outstanding feature, and where hos¬ 
pitable Mr. and Mrs. Emigholtz had coffee in readiness for all who 
cared to leave the iris long enough to partake. The busses took us 
on to Dr. Ayres’ garden for a visit all too short, which made me 
again rejoice that I had had a few extra hours there. There was 
sunlight, this day, and cameras were much in evidence. One iris— 
a seedling which someone had dubbed “Big Smoky”—seemed pop¬ 
ular with the camera enthusiasts. It was a deep yellow almost 
completely veiled in a suffusion of lavender which deepened in 
tone at the ends of standards and falls, and which seemed to 
gradually “melt” away toward the haft, which was thus left a 
soft vellow, and with a yellow beard. Not tall, this first year, it 
nevertheless had 4 branches placed rather low. Three blooms 
were open. 

The Cincinnati Iris Guild were so gracious as to entertain this 
whole great crowd of visitors at luncheon at the Fox and Crow 
Inn, and a delightful luncheon it was. Later we again visited 
Mrs. Waters’ home and garden and were her guests for a most 
delicious tea. 


Next morning* I made a rather early start for home, stopping on 
the way to visit the Longfield Iris Farm. Here I was a bit too 
early in the season, and most of the daring iris which had pre¬ 
sumed to bloom so early had had their noses nipped by the late 
frost. A few, however, in the Williamson’s home garden, had not 
been injured, and here was Natividad, a creamy white with lemon 
haft and beard, which we seldom see in the Middle West. Its 
form was pleasing and its coloring charming. Slightly deeper in 
tone was Wm. Carey Jones, and somewhat better branched, both 
being one year plants, no doubt. Jelloway lacked substance here 
as it has in every garden where I’ve seen it during the past three 
seasons. Cincinnati, resembling Crystal Beauty, seemed to have 
slightly more substance. It was well branched. Mountain Snow 
had less substance, or less appearance of substance, perhaps I 
should say, for although the standards appeared quite thin, yet 
they stood up. 

Mr. Paul Cook’s garden had suffered even worse from the 
freeze than had the Williamson’s. There was one bud opening, 
however, and the color was a rich, deep, mahogany velvet self with 
a deep orange beard. S-85-37 was its number, and while the frost 
had affected its size and height, its color was outstanding, I 
thought. No others of the few bearing buds was ready to open. 

Another stop in Elkhart to see Mr. Lapham’s garden was almost 
equally fruitless, for very few blooms had opened, although many 
large and interestingly colored buds crowded the beds. 

Later, in Chicago, it was my pleasure to see Charm, a well 
named light and bright strawberry red with a burning quality in 
its color. Truly charming. It was of medium size and not tall 
but was well branched and well formed. I liked it immensely. 

At the Chicago Show Dr. Wilhelm showed a brownish-copper 
seedling, 34-27-B, that was interesting. Slightly bicolor because 
of the velvet in its falls, it had a dull yellow beard and haft. It 
was tall, apparently, medium large, and the blooms were well 

And so I shall bid you “goodbye” here—those who have been 
sufficiently patient to read thus far—and leave you to enjoy the 
rest of the show. If you saw it, you may enjoy it in retrospect; 
if not, then let your imagination fill in tier on tier of all the irises 
you would most like to see in a show, and enjoy this made-to-order 

[ 8 ] 

Mrs. Herman E. Lewis 

Alice Harding. A clear soft primrose, smooth and satiny, very 
round, well branched and vigorous, with quantities of flowers. 

Allumeuse. A Gage seedling, violet shading to yellow and falls 
rosy wine velvet, good form and vigor, excellent garden value. 

Amigo. As always attracting the eye at once, with its beautiful 
pale violet blue standards and velvet falls edged reddish; 
flaring; excellent points all through. 

Angelus. Domed S. lovely mauve pink and F. with a beautiful 
sheen; well branched very low, very vigorous. 

Apricot Glow. The one that I saw, lacking in vigor and too short 
a stalk. 

Artistry. An ashes of roses bloom with a gorgeous yellow beard, 
fine form and stem, fourth day bloom still in good condition. 

Arbutus. Soft creamy pink standards and flaring pale orchid 
falls with a lustrous golden beard. Stays in bloom a long 

Aubanel. S. ruffled, a beautiful shrimp pink, another of Cayeux 
masterpieces; F. same with a darker spot in center. The 
whole flower glistens and gleams as though the sun was in the 
heart. Branching fine, vigorous and with many blooms. 

Attye Eugenia. A tall, ruffled primrose flower with a golden 
beard. Very intriguing, with low branching, has not yet got¬ 
ten its second wind in my garden. 

Aurex. A beautifully formed flower with ruffled S., yellow hav¬ 
ing* a primrose center. F. maroon edged yellow. Color and 
substance fine and form also. 

Buff Top. A dwarf of Mr. Donahue’s, a tremendous bloomer, 
rather a peculiar coloring. S. and F. dark violet with a gol¬ 
den beard. Excellent form and very great vigor. 

Blue Peter. A beautiful blue-purple iris that rates higher each 
time you see it. This year seems to have become a must 
have, if money holds out. 

Blue Monarch. A beautifully ruffled flower seemingly having 
enough good points to warrant it an A. M. Why has this 
beautiful production of Jacob Sass’ not received an A. M. be¬ 
fore this? The S. are domed, the F. flare, the branching is 

[ 9 ] 

Burning Bronze. Seems to be somewhat erratic in its habits or 
does it not form habits. The first year with me, color, quality, 
form and stalk left nothing to be desired, while vigor and 
flowers were not so good, but what can you expect on a first 
year plant ? The second year a late frost could be blamed for 
no bloom, but this year after a phenomenal hot spell in April 
followed by heavy frosts that prevented so many irises from 
blooming at all, or created irregular bloom, this iris did finely. 

Betty Nesmith. This tall, soft primrose flower with its flaring 
falls and gleaming golden beard is more beautiful the second 
day of its life than when just out, but it seems a little slow 
in becoming established, but it is worth waiting for. 

Ballet Girl. Lovely soft lavender self, frosty and fluted. Good 
form, straight stalk, very little branching, vigorous, making 
a beautiful clump in the garden. 

Buena Vista. A very lovely self of the color of Sierra Blue, 
striped and ruffled, the stem seemed too light for the flower. 

Blue Dusk. Rich, dark blue S. and F. deep blue velvet with blue 
ret. on a white half. Good form, but bunched at the top 
a little with one bud toeing in. 

Blazing Star. A large exquisite flower of Col. Nichols. S. deep 
yellow folded and ruffled. F. a little lighter in the center, 
deep orange beard, fragrant. F. creamy. 

Blue Ridge was a young plant, Sib. pale blue, that was very 
lovely in the garden. 

Boulderado. Golden bronze with a pink blending in the center of 
the F. Tall and well branched. 

Berkeley Bronze. Almost as dark as El Tovar, rich and stunning, 
well branched, but bunched at the top on a young plant. 
A rich golden beard. 

Berkeley Nugget, A rich golden yellow, brighter than Sunburst, 
that I am anxious to see in a clump. It will make a bright 
spot in the garden. 

Bronzino. My first year plant had 7 buds, 3 branches, although 
the wretched weather kept the plant stunted. The first branch 
was 15 inches from the ground. The falls hung straight 
I think, but I am waiting until next year to decide if they 
curled under a bit. The constant torrential rains and steadv 
strong winds day after dav always from the same direction, 
seemed to make no impression on the sturdy plant. Every¬ 
one who saw it was enthusiastic over it. 

Bridal Veil. Had one branch starting 8 inches from the ground. 
One of the beautiful new whites with a gleaming yellow 

Blue Triumph. Rightly named, a triumph indeed. Smooth tex¬ 
ture, heavy substance, splendid stalk, well placed blooms, 
prolonging the iris season by its late blooming, a heavenly 
blue. What more do you want? 

Calling Me. A lovely blue iris with S. well arched and F. stand¬ 
ing straight out. To see it is to covet it. The beard is 
orange tipped primrose. 

Copper Piece. A brilliant copper penny on the falls gives its name 
true significance. Vigorous and splendidly branched. S. 
open, F. straight hanging. A mass would be stunning. 

Cherokee Red. A brilliant wine red with a golden beard. S. 
brown red, excellent form, prolific bloomer. 

Cafe an Bait. A beautifully formed flower with ruffled S. and 
ashes of roses F. An iris that will travel far. 

Cellophane. Nearly 45 inches tall, wonderful substance and tex¬ 
ture, domed S. a cool pale lavender flower with semi-flaring F. 

Caballero. A very striking iris wherever seen, tall and stately 
with fine branching, its rosy-lavender S. and its F. of rose 
red satin gleaming in the sunlight above its neighbors, paying- 
no heed to wind nor rain. 

Cosette. A fine white Int. with S. well held together, a good 
grower and a prolific bloomer and an excellent stalk. 

Cassandra. Good color, marvelous substance and texture, good 
form. One of the fine things seen this year. 

Copper Crystal. One of Mr. Washington’s new irises with copper 
S. and mahogany F., styles of gold and goldvenations and 
an orange beard. A veritable alloy, a standout in the garden. 

Chamita. Another Int. from the AVilliamson gardens, brown and 
gold, a great bloomer. 

Crystal Beauty. And when you say it’s Sass’s you have said 
volumes. A low branching, pure white, with a lemon beard, 
splendid finish, tall and vigorous, a first year plant giving- 
many blooms. 

Crossroads. I did not see it this year, but was told it was even 
better than last year, by those who saw it and looking back on 
last vear’s notes, I do not see how it could be much better. 
It was a fine iris then. 

Cortez. A very late bloomer, more than made up for the bad 


breaks in weather that it had to contend with at first. Clear 
yellow center in the S. with a rosy edge, ruffled. F. deep wine 
velvet and a golden beard, lighting up the flower flaring; 
firm texture, withstanding all extremes of weather. Wonder¬ 
ful effect in the garden, one of the top notchers. 

Cool Waters. A pale, frosty violet blue, with a golden beard, 
very well branched and well formed. 

Copper Lustre. Another one of Chancellor Kirkland’s worthy 
of the Dykes. S. coffee, F. golden brown and semi-flaring, 

Cathedral Dome. Ruffled white S. with a green midrib, 3y 2 x2, F. 
4x2V 2 ; semi-flaring, white with a yellowish tinge; a golden 
beard, one of the best of the choice new whites. 

Castalia. A large beautiful blue self of perfect form; one that I 
stop to admire whenever I encounter it. 

Dark Horse. A striking red iris, rich Burgundy with velvety 
falls, smooth texture, heavy substance and one of the taller 
irises, raising its glowing colors above its mates so that the 
sun can single it out. 

Dominion Rex. Another Kirkland iris that merits great praise, 
S. deep violet, F. blue purple velvet. 

Deseret. A variegata that is winning its way, produced by a com¬ 
paratively new breeder who is very choosy in those that he 
puts out. A beautiful flower with striped mahogany S. hav¬ 
ing a yellow edge, very showy in the garden. What will 
sizable clumps of it be like? 

Damerine. A Gage seedling having brown wine satin S. and 
dark velvet falls, almost black. Rich ret. and a golden beard, 
low branching, vigorous and a great bloomer. 

Electra. An early plieata, white with blue lacings and dots, 
golden brown venations, beautiful form, large and tall, a stun¬ 
ning iris. 

Early Mass. When seen in other gardens mv regret that it did 
not live in mine was all the greater, for it was tall with the 
blooms well placed, very graceful as a whole, light blue, 
of fine form. 

Eros. A lovely pink iris very vigorous and a great bloomer, 
whose yellow lights in the heart of the flower, give it a 
salmon coloring. 

Especially ^ on. A seedling of Mr. White’s that has never been 
introduced, marvelous in every way. It is in Miss Sturte- 
van’s garden and the only excuse that I have been able 

to run down was that the choice was between this and 
Chosen, and Chosen won out. Verily, the iris world is 
swamped with marvels. 

Exclusive. A silvery light blue, with F. deeper than the S., 
very low branching, four in all, an exquisite flower. 

Brown Bonnet. Another Gage seedling. S. rich brown, picot edge, 
deep brown venations. F. claret, edges golden brown, 
reddish brown venations, wide haft. Can you see this 
with a golden beard? 

Franklin B. Mead. A plicata with a white ground and deep 
violet lacings. Stalks low and widely branched, enormous 
flowers on 50-inch stalks. 

Fiesta. Not as bright as the illustration but very lovely not¬ 
withstanding with its rolled and ruffled S. a little open as 
the flower matured and its bright orange beard and good 
substance, bright yellow broad hafts, all on a very tall stalk. 

Far West. Tan S. and rosy beige F. slightly folded, enormous 
flowers carried on a 40-inch stalk and well placed. A 
very sturdy plant. 

Fair Enough. Very early, unseasonable heat starting it out 
too soon, so that cold later stunted the stalks and the first 
blooms opened down in the foliage, an exquisite blue. S. 
fluted and overlaid with a light violet, wide F. deeper 
violet, broad white haft, with a yellow edge and brown 
ret.; S. and F. both wide, about the same width; 40 inches 
when well grown. This was a first year plant, but one 
stalk had nine buds, the first branch 2 inches, the second 
4 inches and the third 8 inches. I am waiting impatiently 
for the second year. 

Francesca. S. rosy tan, F. deeper rose with a yellow edge, 
beard golden. Standing up above its fellows, bearing many 
flowers on a stem. One of the standouts in the garden. 

Frank Adams. Buff S., deep lavender F.; very broad foliage 
and well branched stalks. Nine blooms on a stalk which 
is well able to resist all onslaughts of weather. Large 
flowers of splendid substance. 

Grace Mohr. Conquered by vicissitudes of 1938 Spring and 
failed to bloom in my garden. 

Golden Light. A taller, better Clara Noyes. S. golden, edged 
rose with a green midrib, small bloom having a bright 
orange beard, slight stem, fine form, giving a beautiful clump 
in the garden, an exquisite, appealing flower. 

[ 13 ] 

Golden Treasure. Beautiful cream, with a golden light at the 
heart, silky texture and a bright golden beard, fine form 
and substance, 40 inches tall, low branching but a little 
bunched. A veritable “treasure” for the garden. 

Golden Amber. More than fulfilled its promise made in Miss 
Sturtevant’s garden a year ago. Its arched S. and seini- 
flaring falls, gleaming like liquid gold make a very beau¬ 
tiful picture, with its wealth of flowers. 

Good Cheer. Color and form make a very notable iris, of dis¬ 
tinct garden value. 

Ishpanee. One of Mr. Washington’s beautiful productions that 
increases in favor the more one sees it. Its color, sand S. 
and light mahogany F. having a lighter edge, lighted by a 
golden beard, make for an almost perfect bloom, while the 
smaller flower is a relief from the enormous flowers that 

seem now to hold the entire stage. 

Ingenieur Winssinger. A French iris that seems not to be well 
known, although it has been in my garden two or three 
years and this year has certainly demonstrated its fine 
qualities. In a year when many standbys suffered from 
extraordinary conditions of weather, this iris has surpassed 
itself. Form well branched stalk, vigor, great blooming 

qualities long continued, with its S. of rosy old gold and 
its deep maroon falls, together have given you pause every 
time that you have passed it. 

Jasmania. S. clear yellow with a deeper F., slightly overcast 
brown, its splendid stalk having the first branch starting 

only 9 inches from the ground, make this iris one of the 

most talked of in the iris world of today. 

Janet Butler. Whenever I think of you, I see you standing be¬ 
side the stone steps at the foot of the dry wall in your 
own home, your bright yellow blouse with the flaring 
brown red skirt, seemed to demand Carmencita, rather 
than Janet, and the great clump of brilliant flowers made 
one rainy day changed to the sunny skies of Spain. 

Jelloway. Has long ears, but makes up for it with 8 buds; a 
bright sunny yellow of excellent substance. 

Joseph Robidoux. A newcomer with violet S. veined purple, 
and rich Burgundy velvet F. Good form, vigorous and a 
very good doer, fragrant and late, on a 40-inch stalk. 

Junaluska. S. rose and gold, yellow inside, F. brick red and 

114 1 

semi-flaring, and the brandling is fine. 

Jean Lafitte. The S. are ruffled and domed, rose beige cov¬ 
ered with frost. The F. are darker rose, the haft wide 
and white, reticulated with brown, the whole lightened up 
by the orange beard. First branch starts 8 inches from 
ground. I thought that I noticed that the stem was not 
quite straight and perhaps I imagined a little toeing in; 
it rated so high that I am a little ashamed and must find 
some fault. 

Iviki. A seedling in Dr. Graves’ garden, light violet with dark 
brown reticulations on yellow; F. paler on the edge, all 
lighted with an orange beard shading to lavender, like the 

Lighthouse. Standards ruffled strawberry, F. darker velvet with 
form excellent, color, substance and texture leaving nothing 
to be desired, making a marvelous subject for the garden. 

Lady Dimples. Domed primrose S. light pinkish flaring falls with 
the sunlight imprisoned inside. A first year plant had four 

Lady Paramount. Unreliable, flecky Lady Paramount who lets 
you down when she is so vigorous, so beautiful, so fine a 
mother, but who does not do her level best. 

Mount Cloud. A lovely white, clear and clean, of beautiful tex¬ 
ture, very smooth, unusually tall, 50 inches. Good form, 
but with too slender a stalk, being a little snaky. Well 

branched, with 8 buds, not tremendously vigorous when 
I have seen it. 

Mary Lee Donahue. A beautiful yellow raised by Mr. Gage, 
not very well known, with frilled S. exceedingly formed, 
vigorous, making a fine garden clump. 

Mme. Maurice Lassailly. Lavender bine S. which fade to a 
blue lavender. F. deep violet with a lighter edge, a very 

brilliant flower, of good substance, extremely lovely. 

Moonglo. Ruffled old gold S. and F. overlaid bluish violet, 

brown reticulation on a yellow haft, fine branching, splendid 
substance, excellent form, a very desirable iris. 

Modesta. A seedling of Mr. Gage’s, one of those blends so diffi¬ 
cult to describe. A mixture of rose beige, overlaid wine, F. 
blended yellow brown. Pompeiian red, edged beige; beard 
orange, the whole flower frosty; styles antique gold, a very 
large and beautiful flower. 


Molirson. Mine did not bloom and yon are bound to be in¬ 
fluenced in your judgment by that fact. But in Portland 
we saw a beautiful speciman, dark purple, almost black, 
crinkly velvet F. with a dull gold beard with a lighter top. 

Missouri. Certainly a beautiful flower when it does well as it 
did with me this year, but of course this year it is Hors 
de Combat. 

Monadnock. A stunning new iris, rosy red standing out above 
its fellows, its great flowers finely formed, freely produced 
on stalks splendidly branched. All of this gathered from a 
first year plant on the 17th of June, a very late bloomer. 

Mata Ilari. A first year plant with buds nipped by the cold, 
top blossom June 17th on a l^-inch stem; a deep rich, 
reddish blue-purple; S. silky; F. velvety and flaring; wide 
haft, brown ret., which look like a beard at a distance; 
beard old gold. 

Manchu Prince. S. dark buff, domed and closed; F. large and 
flaring, rich buff and red with blackish overtones, wide haft ; 
styles yellow and tobacco brown; rich orange beard; 86 
inches tall, very little venation. 

Mountain Lake. A Sib. of Mr. Gersdorff’s; good color, sub¬ 

stance and form, medium blue, making a most attractive 
garden picture. 

Mellow Moon. Soft yellow S. well domed and large; F. same 
color as S.; semi-flaring, a Doxa grown up to 45 inches. 

Maya. Was certainly wonderful for me this year; strawberry 
red S. and F. same color; styles orange and the same straw¬ 
berry red, very outstanding. 

Maluska. Another marvelous iris quite well worth waiting for 
and that is saying much; color and texture superb; a red 
flower almost black; velvety S. domed and F. flaring. Manchu 
Prince, Maya and Maluska, a corking trio for any garden. 

Naranja. A deeper yellow in my garden than anywhere else 
that I saw it. A true orange, the only true orange that I 
have seen as yet, but others are on the road. S. golden with 
bronze on F. Mine failed this year to reach the necessary 

4 / 4 / 

44 inches, but it bloomed profusely. 

Nobility. A pure white with ruffled S. having a picot yellow 
edge, 3 by 4 inches, a yellow haft with olive ret., a green 
midrib, white styled edged yellow. F. 2% x 3% inches, 
splendid form, very vigorous with many flowers and a 

marvelous seed setter. 

Mountain Snow. Much deeper blue this year than last, said to 
be due to the great amount of rain. An interesting phe¬ 
nomenon, noticed in other varieties. I think that it was 
more beautiful last year. 

Mold. S. brown with a golden edge, rosy ret. F. deep maroon 
velvet with brown ret. a golden beard; 4 branches starting 
very low; a great increaser. 

No-we-Ta. A beautiful compelling patch wherever seen, an 
adornment to any garden if it had no other qualifications. 

Osceola. A soft blue which does not fade, texture crinkled like 
crepe, a fast increaser. 

Oriana. A pure white of II. P. Sass’s, splendid form, very 
hardy, good substance, large blooms. 

Old Ironsides. A splendid increaser. I moved and divided it 
last year and this year had plenty of bloom. A showy 
flower with an orange beard, yellow stigmas, having a wide 
violet midrib, 40 inches tall. 

Portland. A first year plant in Dr. Grant’s garden, with ruffled 
tan S. and old rose flaring falls, a wide haft and rose mid¬ 
rib on a yellow stigma; a golden beard; 9 buds on a stalk, 
one toeing in, a well formed flower, 45 inches tall. 

Pride. A first year plant checked by late frost so that the stalk 
was short. S. a violent rose, F. deep red violet, fine texture, 
excellent form, many blooms. 

Parthenon. A tall beautiful white with fluted S., yellow vena¬ 
tions on the F., a golden beard that throws the flower into 
prominence, splendid texture, firm substance, one of the 
most beautiful whites in the garden. 

Purple Giant. A fine red purple of good form, a bronze beard, 
large flower, splendid stalk and a free bloomer. 

Rye Dawn. A new seedling from Dr. Graves, who never regis¬ 
ters an imperfect iris. Rosy beige S. with F. a little pinker, 
yellow haft and beard; color clear and lovely, substance and 
texture all right; a wonderful stalk, a good increaser full of 
bloom, the whole making a very arresting group. 

Red Orchid. One of the Sass Intermediates, a first year plant, 
checked by the late frost, a marvelous Burgundy flower 
with velvet F. and a very deep yellow beard, extremely 
showy, perfect substance and texture, brilliant in its color¬ 
ing, one flower having four falls. 

[17 1 

The Red Douglas. I did not seem to react favorably to this 
much-lauded iris. I was disappointed in the color which 
is not as red as several others. The S. are crinkled and 
domed, which always appeals greatly to me; the 5-inch F. 
are velvet and pinched, the haft is wide, the whole flower 
lighted by a golden beard. There were 8 flowers on a well- 
branched stem; according to my notes quality was perfect 
and so was wealth of bloom, but neither form, stalk nor vigor 
was perfect. 

Robert. A very late blooming yellow, one of the last in the gar¬ 
den to go. The cupped S. are slightly overcast with a deli¬ 
cate tan, the P. are flaring, finish is very smooth and it has 
heavy substance; a good grower and a fine bloomer. 

Radiant. And it is radiant, one of the most sought for iris in the 
garden this year. Not tremendously tall but the blooms are 
large; brown and gold and red make up this brilliant cop¬ 
pery iris with its good form and its generous blooming. 

Red Comet. Rich coppery red, good shape and semi-flaring falls 
make you pause to take note of the rich flower on its tall 
stalk; well branched, the whole lighted by a brilliant golden 

Saracen. S. golden brown shading to darker brown on the edge; 
F. deep wine shading to yellow. S. are broad and well 
domed and the F. are very velvety and semi-flaring. The 
beard is an unusual dark brown orange. A splendid addi¬ 
tion to the ever growing list of late bloomers that are doing 
so much to prolong the iris season. 

Sheba. A tall, well branched iris of a lovely color, rosy S. hav¬ 
ing a gilt edge, P. deep velvet. A well shaped iris freely 
giving of its beauty. 

Sound Money. Intense yellow domed S., flowers well shaped, 10 
inches. Blooms during long period. Pumila. 

Skippy. Another Graves seedling which bloomed at the early 
age of 18 months, a child of Mary Geddes X Gudrun, with 
yellow S. and hanging F. of chestnut or mahogany. I saw 
it after four days’ rain and it never turned a hair. A won¬ 
derful increaser, covered with blooms, on splendid stalks, 
clear brilliant color and substance heavy and a heavy gol¬ 
den beard. It seemed to me each time that I saw it as per¬ 
fect an iris as one was likely to see. 

Sweet Alibi. Creamy with a lemon beard, domed S. and flaring 

[ 18 ] 

F. or semi-flaring*. S. ruffled slightly edged yellow, large 
and round. A free bloomer with flowers slightly bunched; 
very delicate in its coloring, of splendid substance. 

Spring Cloud. S. deeply spotted on white ground, deep laven¬ 
der edge, giving the effect of a real lavender S. F. white, 
lavender ret. on a wide liaft, lavender lacing on edge of S., 
lavender midrib, F. green midrib; very fragrant, very low 

Southern Belle. Deep tourmaline pink, both S. and F. with 
venations; lacking vigor somewhat, excellent form, color and 
substance good. 

Sunburst. A thrifty vigorous iris that was the first I think, to 
show an orange tint. A striking iris that has received its 
quota of attention all the way along. Of excellent form, if 
anything the stalk is not quite stout enough to carry the 
wealth of bloom, 8 blossoms. Its value in the garden is 

Sundown. A new claimant for our attention with its soft fawn 
S. and rosy F. and gold beard making a most brilliant flower, 
an unusual characteristic being that the flower grows larger 
by night. 

Snow Belle. An exquisite pure white iris of beautiful form. S. 
frilled and picoted, low branching. One of the best whites 
introduced to date. 

Sable. Mr. Paul Cook’s, a self that bids fair to be the most extraor¬ 
dinary dark iris in commerce. S. fluorite violet with F. 
almost the same color but like black velvet. In the after¬ 
noon with the sun shining through the standards, they are 
gleaming red. Beard blue violet tipped white; flowers enor¬ 
mous; heavy substance, 40 inches tall, fragrant, splendid 
shape, one of the season’s wonders. 

Sunnybrook. A Siberian, primrose yellow with very low branch¬ 
ing on stems slender and straight, just right for the flower. 

Spring Prom. A very large pale primrose with ruffled S. and 
picot edges. A rich orange beard lights up the flower; very 
tall; semi-flaring falls; well branched, the lowest of the 4 
branches begin very low and carry nine flowers. 

Sir Knight. Very dark purple velvet, an enormous flower with 
low branching, very fragrant, reminding one of water lilies, 
splendid substance and sheeny texture, a rich orange beard 
making the whole outstanding in the garden. 


Siegfried. At last, a yellow native plicata produced by that 
wizard, Hans Sass. A huge, ruffled flower with olive yellow 
S. edged brown; F. creamy with a brown lacing and a gol¬ 
den beard. The F. flare and the whole flower is very smooth, 
40 inches tall and well branched; a novelty indeed. 

Silvanus. Old gold tinged violet with the F. bronze, with a 

brown edging, bronze beard tipped blue. 

Snowking. A pure white; S. broad and arching, F. flaring also 
broad; excellent form, good texture, unusual branching, a 
vigorous plant, bearing well placed blooms. 

Sir Launcelot. S. golden bronze with a rich brown velvet F. 
Rich golden beard almost orange and a golden haft. The 
superb coloring auguring a magnificent garden clump in the 
time to come. 

Selerno. An Int. blooming late, with S. domed and closed, a 
blending of rose and buff. Very flaring F. of Bordeaux red 
with a lighter line around edge; styles are buff and the 
beard brilliantly yellow. A very lovely intermediate. 

Snow Plume. Another of the beautiful newer whites, very large 
and ruffled, S. arched and the F. are semi-flaring; many 

7 O 7 

flowers on very well branched stalks. 

Snow Maiden. Called a dwarf, but I have had stalks 18 inches 
tall; a pure white with a green midrib. Venations are olive 
and the beard lemon tipped white; beautiful low branching, 
a prodigious bloomer of wonderful form. 

Sordello. A very smooth flower with arched S. olive buff; ex¬ 
cellent form, vigorous, well branched stalks bearing many 

Sundust. A beautiful chrome yellow, with an orange beard, 
very tall, rearing its head proudly above its neighbors, its 
heavy substance enabling it to withstand hot sunshine and 
heavy winds and rains. 

Sunol. Deep yellow with an overcast of lavender on the F., very 
smooth finish, ideal form and substance that withstands all 
vicissitudes of weather. A wonderful increase!* and a gener¬ 
ous giver of its lovely blooms. 

Smolder. A wistaria colored flower with rich velvet F.; same 
brown on edge of haft as Mata Hari, an orange beard, won¬ 
derful finish and substance and a stem carrying 9 buds; 
three branches, a strong grower. 

[ 20 ] 

Tenaya. Although introduced in ’33 the fact that it won the 
Silver Medal for being the best stalk in the show at Rocke¬ 
feller Centre in 1937, is a strong proof of its continued 
standing as a fine iris. It is a vigorous plant coming through 
each winter with its courage undimmed. Its branching is 
low and it is always covered with bloom; the color effect 
is blackish reddish purple; one of the most satisfactory 
plants in the garden. 

Taos. “As colorful as an Indian blanket,” could anything bet¬ 
ter express those wonderful colors of copper and gold. S. 
rosy gold with wine venations, its ruddy F. with its wide, 
white haft and brown ret., its green midrib making up a 
most unusual whole. One of the most successful plantings 
in my garden was Portola, Natoma, Radiant, Tipo Red, 
Taos and Suntan, which made a beautiful harmony. 

Valor. S. domed, rich, violet blue, blackish, fine shape, tall and 
stately. F. shading to raisin purple at the edge. Well 
branched, making a striking group. 

Wabash. The beautiful n^w Amoena that transcends anything 
that has gone before, on the order of Dorothy Dietz. S. 
white and F. hyacinth violet with a white margin, on a tall 

Wasatch. An enormous plicata having S. 4x2% inches, and F. 
4x2% inches. S. creamy shaded violet; violet midrib, F. 
white with bronze venations, wide haft and orange beard. 
Stalk heavy enough to carry many of these enormous blooms. 
A very striking iris. 

White Goddess. Perhaps the gem of the whites. A perfectly 
symmetrical bloom. S. ruffled and pure white, domed; F. 
arched and flaring; a very large flower without seeming too 
large; yellow beard and white styles, with a sturdy stalk. 

Will O’ the Wisp. Ruffled primrose, F. creamy white, flaring 
straight out and a brilliant orange beard, splendid form and 
stalk, a stunning plant for the garden. 

Witching TIour. A very beautiful yellow flower on a marvelous 
stalk which had 7 branches and the branches branched, bear¬ 
ing 17 flowers on a stalk. Heavy substance enabling it to 
withstand the cyclones that we have had this year. Blooms 

[ 21 ] 


John Dolman, Jr. 

* It was a crotchety season, with early heat and late cold, up¬ 
setting my schedule, and I did not see as many gardens or as 
much bloom as in 1936 or 1937; but what I saw included quite 
as many major thrills. I have a certain fondness for my own 
seedlings, of course, but I confess to a kind of alarm when I 
see the progress being made by others who are far ahead of 
me. As Mr. McKee remarked to a circle of judges gathered about 
Bill Kellogg’s newest seedlings, “We’ve got to raise our standards! 
We’ve got to raise our standards ! ’ ’ 

In spite of the crazy weather—not to mention a daughter who 
would set her wedding date for June fourth—I managed to look 
in on Mr. M. E. Douglas, at Woodbury; Mrs. Hires at Ardmore; 
Jesse Nichols, Jr., at Frazier; the Kelloggs at West Hartford; 
Miss Sturtevant, at Wellesley; Mrs. Nesmith, at Lowell, and a few 
minor fanatics of my own class. At Lowell I was much too early 
for the main crop; everywhere else I was able to see something of 
major interest. 

Those who saw Mr. Douglas’ beautiful garden last year, and 
who found so much of interest in his trial patch, will be sorry to 
learn that an infestation of soft rot later destroyed many of his 
finest and latest novelties, including the sturdy plant of The Red 
Douglas. Why a well-cultivated, sun-baked sand patch should be 
so afflicted when the adjoining closely planted display garden es¬ 
caped entirely is something for our scientific members to figure out. 

As a result of this misfortune Mr. Douglas had a less note¬ 
worthy display of rarities than last year. He had replanted 
extensively, and had many fine things on less-than-one-year plants, 
but they had been put in too late to be fully representative in 
growth. Amitola and Sandalwood were to be seen in good size 
and rich color, but on rather low stalks. The same was true of 
Lilamani, which appears to be a larger, richer, more evenly 
colored Black Beauty. Ilis Jelloway was clear in color, but rather 
floppy in form, and I am afraid this variety is going to be disap¬ 
pointing in that respect. My own plant did well, in rather rainy 
weather, but as I saw it in other gardens it seemed inclined to 
fade and grow shapeless in the sun. 

The great thrill in Mr. Douglas’ garden is the chance to see the 

almost-new varieties in sizable, well grown clumps. The most 
impressive one this year was Moonglo. There is an iris that has 
everything—size, height, vigor, form, substance, a most unusual 
coloring, and a stunning mass effect. He had masses of bloom on 
Yucatan, Ozone, Coralie, Rosy Wings, Sweet Alibi, Legend, Mary 
Geddes, Lady Paramount, Jean Cayeux, Naranja, and many others 
that one usually sees on single plants. He had a long border of 
Aurifero planted in partial shade against a shrubbery hedge that 
made the old favorite seem like a new find. And he had the finest 
stand of W. R. Dykes I have ever seen—twenty or thirty tall, 
well branched stalks loaded with huge flowers. 

But it was in Mrs. Hires’ garden that I experienced my greatest 
thrill of the season, when I saw four of the Sass yellow plieatas 
in bloom at once. The best known of the group—Siegfried—I 
have yet to see in bloom. Mrs. Hires had it in bud, and I have 
seen it in bud in two other gardens, all ready to open the day 
after my departure. But she had Tiffany, Orloff, and two un¬ 
named seedlings (H. P. Sass, 53-36 and 65-34) in full bloom. 
Any one of them would have been a novelty; together they repre¬ 
sent one of the most radical advances in color variation I have 
seen. Tiffany is the most striking, with an even yellow ground 
color and a wide band of rosy brown around each petal; it will 
probably be in great demand because of its novelty. But I be¬ 
lieve Orloff is more beautiful; the blending of yellow and cinna¬ 
mon brown is certainly more harmonious. Both have good branch¬ 
ing and good form; Tiffany seemed a bit larger and possibly more 
floriferous, but Orloff will probably be taller. The two seedlings 
are even richer in coloring, but are probably not so vigorous or so 
nearly perfect in form. Tiffany I saw again in the Kellogg gar¬ 
den, where it seemed a little duller in color, perhaps because of its 
position; the other three I have seen nowhere else. 

Mrs. Hires also had a fine plant of The Red Douglas, grown in 
one year from a very small rhizome; the flower was not quite so 
large as the one Mr. Douglas showed the A.I.S. last year, but was 
considerably better in form, and very rich and clear in color. I 
raised my rating four points. Mrs. Hires seems to get faster 
growth, larger size, and better height than anybody else I know. 
She had a magnificent stand of Lady Paramount, one of California 
Gold, and one of Junaluska. She had a beautiful clump of Moon¬ 
glo, for which she shares my enthusiasm. She has tall masses of 
Magnetawan, Yucatan, Christabel, Missouri, Naranja, and many 

[23 ] 

others; even Copper Lustre came up to a fair height for her. She 
had a lovely clump of September Dawn, well placed. She had 
new plants of Wabash, Hillwood, Kirkwood, and a whole row of 
the “Berkeley’’ introductions, of which Berkeley Evening was dis¬ 
tinctly the most impressive—a tall yellow and white of good form 
and substance. Wabash is a Dominion type Amoena, clean and 
contrasty, with white standards and velvety falls, a little stiff, 
and a little tall for the size of the flower. It is both taller and 
larger than Amigo, and a clearer color; personally I like Shah 
Jehan better than either, though it is not a true amoena. 

At West Hartford, among other things, I saw Mr. Gage’s Al- 
lumeuse, which is similar to Shah Jehan and even more amazing 
in its play of subtle, changing colors. If it turns out to be a good 
grower it should have almost as sensational a popularity as Sir 
Michael had in its day. At West Hartford I had my first look 
at Chosen, the new yellow from California. On a one-year plant 
it was not impressive in size or height, and only fair in substance; 
but the form was perfect, and almost exactly as pictured in the 
color plate on Mr. Milliken’s catalogue. The color was a shade 
paler than that of California Gold, but just as greenish. It 
seemed to attract less attention than Golden Hind, which, though 
very low growing for a large flower, has the most intense color 
of any yellow iris. The real sensation in yellow iris in the Kel¬ 
logg garden this year was Jasmania; on a w r ell established clump 
it had height, size, clear, though not very deep, color, and the 
most perfect combination of form, substance, and poise. Placed 
next to Jelloway, it was superior on every point but purity of 
color. Golden Treasure was better than last year, but still not as 
entrancingly rich as the year before. 

At the Kelloggs’ I had a second chance to see Amitola and San¬ 
dalwood. They are fine in form and subtle in coloring, and carry 
the poise of Karri eses; but for richness in this color class I still 
think Summer Tan is unbeaten. The latter is not large, but was 
vigorous and healthy at West Hartford. A somewdiat duller iris 
in this color range, but superb in form, substance and branching, 
is Boulderado, which the Kelloggs had on a one-year plant. Among 
other novelties w 7 ere Janet Butler, a variegata of rather coarse 
contrasts on close view but stunning at a distance; Snow 7 Belle, 
a soft, opalescent white of waxy substance, but with rather poorly 
shaped falls; Carved Ivory, a soft, ruffled wdiite of very delicate 
appearance but very tough substance, a little low 7 and bunched on 

[24 1 

a one-year plant; Padishah, a close imitation of Lady Paramount 
in everything but height; Fiesta, a lively little striped blend that 
would be fine if exaggerated illustrations had not preceded it to 
create sharp disappointment; Far West, a lovely blend only slight¬ 
ly duller than the pictures, and second only to Summer Tail in its 
color class; Radiant, a glowing, coppery intensification of King 
Midas; Piute, a rich dark red self, marred by tucked-in falls; 
Conestoga, the richest of the Kirkland coppers in color, but with 
the same fault; and Setting Sun, a very promising reddish bi¬ 
color on a one-year plant. 

Among the Kellogg seedlings were several that aroused the in¬ 
terest of the judges. Most striking of all was a huge buff bicolor 
blend, a seedling of Sunol, with seven-inch flowers. The standards 
w r ere buff, the falls slaty lavender with a wide buff edging, and 
with buff epaulettes. Form and substance were excellent, height 
and branching the same. Near it was a tall rosy blend with flar¬ 
ing falls, extra heavy substance, good poise, and exceptional 
branching. In another bed was a deep-toned salmon blend that 
might be described as a brighter, richer, more intense Mary 
Geddes; judged as a single stalk it was a great advance over that 
variety. Near it was an orange blend closely resembling Naranja, 
that looked as if it might turn out to be superior to it in form. 
There was also a warm white seedling of Lady Paramount, with a 
cool brushing of olive and lavender on the falls, giving it a very 
unusual tone. The substance was good and the form much like 
that of its parent, except that the falls seemed to lose the graceful 
curve on the second day. A tall white seedling (31-35) was much 
admired, but lacked the substance to resist a strong wind; but 
another one beside it which bloomed a day or two later, and the 
number of which I failed to note, seemed equally good in form, 
without the fault, and I suspect that it will be heard from. 

At Lowell I had a pleasant visit with the Nesmiths and Mr. 
Washington, but saw chiefly buds. A few blooms were open, in¬ 
cluding some lovely ones of At Dawning, one of Havana, a rich 
brownish blend, and one of Conestoga which showed the same ten¬ 
dency to incurved falls as those at Hartford. It is too bad, for in 
color Conestoga is the richest and most brilliant in its class. There 
was a fine clump of King Midas, which grows a foot taller here 
than I have seen it anywhere else. But the most interesting nov¬ 
elty among the few things in bloom was Mrs. Nesmith’s new pearly 
white seedling which has a deep orange beard, almost reddish in 

[25 1 

tone, without the slightest suggestion of a yellow center glow to 
support it. The resulting contrast is very unusual and interesting. 

At Wellesley Farms Miss Sturtevant was able to show me some 
fine new seedlings, though I am afraid she nearly froze to death 
doing so, for the day was raw and blustery. As usual, she has 
some beautifully formed and graceful blends, chiefly in the lighter 
colors, many with ruffled petals, and many with good poise and 
branching. They do not run so much to size, but there are some 
novel color breaks, including some deep yellows of excellent form. 
The thing that startled me most, however, was a red seedling that 
seemed to me the reddest thing yet in a bearded iris. It was not 
a coppery red, but a crimson red, with a contrasting yellow beard 
but no yellow glow to fool the eye, and no perceptible blending of 
yellow in the falls. The red effect seemed to come directly from 
the purity of the pigmentation in the falls. 

Of the named varieties in Glen Road, Miss Sturtevant’s Valiant 
and Mr. White’s Especially You were outstanding. Valiant is a 
rich, rosy blend of good size and height. Especially You is a 
larger, finer, deeper Alta California, with better stalks. 

The Nichols plantation at Frazier is situated on a broad open 
slope, facing north, with powerful winds sweeping across it, and 
serves as a fine testing ground for strength of stalk and flower 
substance. Unfortunately many otherwise fine irises cannot stand 
the test. Mr. Nichols has some good new ones, chiefly his father’s 
introductions. Wildfire, a deep red that gets its color from the 
Sass 30-40 seedling, is one of the most colorful. Blood Royal is a 
taller red purple, less striking than Wildfire, but good. Pride is 
a good one in the dark violet class. Nichols Junior has a small, 
but fairly tall and very clear white, with strong stems and prolific 
habit, which he is about to introduce; it should be an excellent 
massing variety. He also has a large field of seedlings, planted 
three or four feet apart each way, and expects to let them stand 
two years undisturbed for more accurate evaluation—an ideal 
method if you have the room. Perhaps the most interesting fea¬ 
ture at Frazier, however, was the series of mass plantings, row on 
row, particularly of Colonel Nichols’ introductions. Crown Jewel 
was especially distinctive in fifty-foot rows of solid clumps. 

Such were the principal thrills of a poor season. If we ever 
have a really good season I shall surely go broke trying to buy 
the new ones I cannot afford. But perhaps there will never be 
what the true enthusiast would call a really good season. 

Swarthmore, Pa. 

[ 26 ] 


Elinor Hill 

■ I live in northeastern Oklahoma on the western boundary of the 
section where dogwood grows wild. It is a rolling prairie country 
with protecting hills to the west and northwest. The soil is gen¬ 
erally a neutral sandy loam. Although situated over two hundred 
fifty miles from the center of the dust bowl, visibility is frequently 
reduced to less than a half mile and occasionally to one quarter 
mile. High winds are common, recent recording during a summer 
storm having been fifty-five miles an hour. In my gardening ex¬ 
perience the highest recorded temperature is 115° and the lowest 
15° below zero. Temperatures below zero are rather unusual, but 
those above one hundred are quite common. On August 10, 1936, 
I recorded a temperature of 115°. On August 9 and 10, 1937, I 
recorded a temperature of 111°, but in the summer of 1938 the 
temperature did not exceed 100°. A mean temperature of 32° for 
January, which is usually our coldest month, will not occur more 
than once every six or seven years. Snow is rare, yet in January, 
1930, the streets were impassable the entire month. On January 
1, 1932, 1 picked chrysanthemums which had been grown without 
protection, but on October 23, 1937, the temperature dropped to 
26°, killing dahlias and all but the hardiest of chrysanthemums. 
It was the lowest recorded temperature for October 23 in forty- 
seven years, but by 2 P. M. the thermometer registered 57°. On 
October 25 the high mark was 80°. There followed five days with 
the high mark in the seventies every day and on October 30 I 
recorded ‘The balmiest fall weather I have ever seen.” The tem¬ 
perature had reached 90°. Grape hyacinths may come up in late 
August, daffodils in November and peonies in early February, but 
we have killing freezes in April. Our coldest temperature—15° 
below zero—-was recorded in January, yet a frequent garden note 
in other Januaries is “balmy as a spring day.” I frequently go 
out in the yard in a cotton dress and no coat. In 1938 I recorded 
a temperature of 77° on February 8, 82° on February 11, 
85° on March 14 and 84° on March 25. But on March 26 we had 
sleet. On March 30 my apple tree and the tulips Carrara, Vesta 
and Moonlight were in full bloom. We had a snow flurry on 
April 1 and one inch of snow and a minimum temperature of 29° 

on April 8, and a minimum temperature of 31° on April 9. The 
irises reached the height of their bloom two weeks later. Sudden 
drops in temperature are common. I recorded on February 24, 
1935, that the temperature dropped 40° in the late afternoon. The 
thermometer stood at 20° the next morning. The rainfall is as 
unpredictable as the temperature. In recent years w r e have been 
plagued with drouth and enough rain to settle the dust would 
be recorded in my diary in capital letters with suitable expressions 
of joy. Even the trees on hills and prairies have lost their leaves 
from lack of moisture. It was an odd sight to see them putting 
out new leaves in the autumn. Yet on August 15 and 16, 1938, I 
recorded seven and twenty-one hundredths inches of rain. Hail 
may ruin the irises, the regal lilies or the dahlias. In fact, the 
weather is so variable that it has often been said that only fools 
and newcomers prophesy the weather in Oklahoma. 

I have noted only the weather extremes. We have many average 
days and average seasons, but it is the weather extremes that 
cause us to lose our plants. I had hoped that eventually my 
weather records and notes on iris behavior would prove a number 
of definite points and perhaps they will. At present they have 
proved only one point—that an iris will stand almost anything. 

Most of the soil in this locality is improved by the addition of 
compost. My soil bakes rather badly so I add compost, black-eyed 
pea hulls and small quantities of cotton seed meal when preparing 
a bed for bearded irises. The quantity of each ingredient de¬ 
pends on the quality of the soil being dealt with at the moment. 
(I do not use Adco in my compost heap.) I may use either wood 
ashes, limestone chips or crushed egg shells when I have them. 
I’ve had no appreciable amount of rhizome rot except when I 
have used a top-dressing of bone meal, lime or both. A small 
quantity of superphosphate is the only top-dressing used at 

Except for the very tender irises most bearded irises do well. 
Los Angeles, San Francisco, Purissima, Shining Waters and Easter 
Morn have failed to bloom one year in three. They are grown in 
an open situation and are given no temporary protection in case 
of storms, excepting Eastern Morn, which was given temporary 
protection this past spring. Santa Barbara, Souvenir de Loetitia 
Michaud and Candlelight have always bloomed for me, but Can¬ 
dlelight does not do so well for some of my neighbors. Lady 

[ 28 ] 

Paramount put up a bloom stalk this, its first season, even though 
we had very trying weather. 

William Mohr gives regular bloom when grown in a slightly 
raised iris border. It receives the same amount of water as 
bearded irises. I’ve tried a few plants in a bed that is protected 
from rain by the rather broad eaves of my house. Those plants 
neither grow nor bloom. A clump of Blue Topaz grown near a 
dahlia bed has received almost daily summer sprinkling for the 
past two years. It is still alive even though moss has grown on 
the bed this past summer. It has had no rhizome rot. Grace 
Mohr gave bloom its first season (1938). It was given temporary 
protection during a seven-day cold snap (minimum temperature 
17° above zero) in late February and during a four-day cold snap 
(minimum temperature 27° above zero) which began on April 8. 
It was in bloom on April 19. A one-year plant of Mohrson failed 
to bloom in spite of temporary protection. I never use a perma¬ 
nent winter mulch on irises. Most of our winter days the ther¬ 
mometer registers abo\ f e freezing at least some time during the 
day and some days it does not go below freezing at all. Under 
such weather conditions a permanent mulch induces a lush, soft 
growth. I am prepared with boxes, baskets and excelsior to cover 
a few very tender plants when the need arises. Zwannenburg, 
Lady Lilford, Stormy Dawn, lb-pal, Congres and Balroudour are 
other pogo-cyclus hybrids that are growing under ordinary condi¬ 
tions. They all gave bloom this past season, which was as erratic 

as anv I know. 


I hope that the infusion of onco-cyclus blood will give us irises 
whose individual blooms stay open more than two days. The 
blossoms of irises with extra heavy substance such as Blue Velvet 
last only two days in our climate while blossoms of William Mohr 
and Lady Lilford stay open for four days. Lasting qualities of 
the blossoms of seven other pogo-cyclus hybrids have not been 
noted. (I was interested to note in the July, 1938, Bulletin that 
Howard Weed says the blossoms of Porcelain Beauty stay open a 
week. I wonder how long they would last here.) 

I grow a few other irises that are consistently poor doers. Blue 
Velvet seldom bears its blooms above the foliage and its stem 
branches about an inch from the ground. St. Louis gives the 
same general color in the border, but it has very poor branching. 
Van Cleve, which was suggested as a substitute for Blue Velvet, 
has given only one stalk of bloom in four years. Black Wings 

[ 29 ] 

and Venus de Milo fail to bloom about one year in three. Gudrun 
has borne only one ten-inch stalk of bloom in the two years I have 
had it. A three-year plant of Nebraska has given no bloom. 
Frieda Mohr has the reputation of being a very poor doer here. 
Mine has given no bloom in seven years. The entire falls of Helios 
may be livid purple. Avondale fades badly. Excepting Thuratus 
and The Black Douglas the so-called black irises are merely dark 
blues or violets here. The sun is so strong that most irises unless 
grown in partial shade are two or three shades lighter than they 
are in the north. 

Recently introduced irises which have done well to date are: 
Crystal Beauty, Theodolinda, Shah Jehan, Blue Monarch, Exclu¬ 
sive, Shining Waters, Blue Triumph, Aline, Sierra Blue, Missouri, 
Amigo, Noweta, The Black Douglas, Imperial Blush, Legend, 
Jeb Stuart, Spokan, Joycette, Red Radiance, Mary Geddes, 
Naranja and California Gold. Another season may alter the 
opinion on the newest of these. 

Magenta, Blue Hill, Thais and Fragonard are four old irises 
that I would not be without. They are more floriferous than any 
other varieties I know. Magenta bears five buds on each branch 
and usually has three flowers open at a time. Others that have 
proved themselves of worth are Baldwin, Pink Satin, Pink Opal, 
Paulette, Red Dominion, Winneshiek, Buechley Giant, Desert 
Gold, Red Dominion, Depute Nomblot, Pliebus Cayeux, Anne- 
Marie Cayeux, King Juba, Crown Prince, Dolly Madison, Indian 
Chief, Raineses, Violet Crown, Dauntless, Joyance, W. R. Dykes, 
and Souv. de Loetitia Michaud. Dykes is never blotched with 
brown. The veining on Joyance is not conspicuous due to our 
strong sunlight. Souv. de Loetitia Michaud is not tender and 
bears as many as five blossoms open at one time on forty-seven 
inch stems. 

My new planting of bearded irises consists of Salutation, Brun- 
hilde, Angelus, Favori, Seduction, Ballet Girl, Ozone, Maisie 
Lowe, Jelloway, Golden Treasure and a few older varieties. 

I regard mid-July the proper planting for bearded irises pro¬ 
viding that they can be given a weekly soaking. I used to brag 
that I always got representative bloom on all my new plantings, 
but the last four drouth years have caused me to qualify that 
statement considerably. 

As far as pests and diseases are concerned this section of the 
country is blessed. WE HAVE NO IRIS BORERS! We are 

130 1 

rarely bothered with foliage diseases. Scorch is rare. It can be 
cured by saturating the soil around the plant affected with a solu¬ 
tion of Semesan, one tablespoonfnl to one gallon of water. This 
should be repeated once every two weeks or after every rain. 
Mustard seed fungus is rare also. I always remove and burn 
all affected soil. The recommended treatment (Bulletin 65) 
has never been sufficient to control rhizome rot if it had started 
and a treatment with potassium permanganate, one teaspoonful 
to two gallons of water, was necessary to control it. Rhizome rot 
can be prevented by sprinkling the soil with a solution of potas¬ 
sium permanganate using two gallons of the solution to three 
square yards of soil. The soil should be saturated once every ten 
days. I tried this in 1934 when my yard man—he could not be 
dignified by the name of gardener—threw fresh stable manure 
on some of the iris borders and it works. Plants treated every 
ten days from the time they began to bud until cold weather did 
not have rot but untreated plants did. Good drainage is cer¬ 
tainly essential to prevent rhizome rot. I have grown Candlelight, 
Melchior, Baldwin, Henri Riviere, Odaroloc, Mount Royal, Ophelia, 
Anrifero and El Capitan in beds which received very little sun 
even in midsummer. They received copious watering and the soil 
is so shaded that moss grows on it, but the drainage is very sharp 
and I have had no rot in that border since it was planted three 
years ago. 

Mr. F. Burton in The Iris Year Book for 1936 gives another 
use for potassium permanganate. He states that a solution of 
potassium permanganate added to garden soil will cause plant 
growth to increase just as will an application of farmyard ma¬ 
nure. The reason is that potassium permanganate will decompose 
organic material in the soil by the formation of nitric acid. He 
uses the solution as directed in the treatment for rhizome rot. 
He records that he has experimented with young plants of lettuce 
and the soil thus treated is really more fertile. He does not recom¬ 
mend it as a sure preventive of rot, but it acted as a sure pre¬ 
ventive in my garden. It is good to know that a disagreeable dis¬ 
ease may be prevented and the soil enriched at the same time. 

Many bearded irises do well here in spite of our frequent 
drouths. That statement is so important that I always feel that 
it should be written in capital letters. In a section where many 
plants are difficult to grow the addition of a whole group of plants 
of fairly easy culture should be heralded by every gardener. I 


hope that these irises will soon be grown generally for they are 
excellent for arrangements. 

Siberian irises do well in the perennial border. Although there 
is seldom sufficient rainfall for them to do their best, they seem 
quite drouth resistant when once established. In dry springs they 
are watered well once a week and always receive an occasional 
soaking in midsummer. As long as the foliage is lush and green 
water is withheld. If the foliage begins to look rusty and brown 
watering is in order. I grow Miss Duluth, Caesar, Caesar’s 
Brother, Snowcrest, Zest, Turquoise Cup, Gatineau and Morning 
Magic in addition to many older varieties. Most people here 
call them little Japanese irises and 1 am frankly weary of ex¬ 
plaining that they are not. Any plant so lovely certainly deserves 
to be called by its correct name. 

My first planting of chrysographes, delavavi and prismatica died 
a lingering death without ever blooming. The second planting 
Which was made in the autumn of 1937 was given much more 
water than the first. Chrysographes gave spring bloom and is 
growing well. The plant sent as delavayi was misnamed. The 
second planting of prismatica gave bloom this spring and is mul¬ 
tiplying. They are grown in a situation where they have no shade 
in midsummer except from neighboring plants. In anticipation 
of hotter summers than this past one they are to be moved where 
they will have about half shade. Forrestii gave bloom its first 
spring then died. I suspect that like the first planting of chryso¬ 
graphes, delavayi and prismatica it did not receive enough water. 
It has been replaced. 

Spuria irises are one of my chief delights. I grow ochroleuca 
on the south side of my garage. It receives no artificial watering 
from blooming time till September 1, has never failed to bloom 
and multiplies rather rapidly. If other varieties prove as easy 
to grow they should become the most popular plant in this section. 
Sunny Day has been grown in the same location two years, but 
failed to bloom its first year. However plants of Sunny Day in 
the perennial border also failed to bloom that year so 1 feel that 
weather conditions rather than location and treatment were re¬ 
sponsible for the lack of bloom. The tops of plants grown in this 
manner usually die off completely by mid-August. The tops are 
then cut off and new growth begins. The dying off process is 
very unsightly so if possible the plants should be planted behind 
something that will hide them during the summer months. New 

foliage will be two feet tall before frost. It is frequently cut 
back by freezes. Some spurias give bloom their first season. I 
have had three shipments of ochroleuca two of which gave bloom 
the first year. Both shipments of Sunny Day gave bloom the first 
year as did a shipment of Mrs. A. W. Tait and Shelford Giant. 
Single plants of Lord Wolseley, Hazy Hills and Fairy Wand 
failed to bloom their first year. Gold Nugget, Monnieri, Pre¬ 
mier, Blue King, Euphrosyne, Notha and Dorothy Foster have 
been planted for trial. The cream variety of Halophila does best 
in full sun. Graminea gave bloom its first season (1938). It did 
fairly well in full sun this past mild summer, but has been moved 
to a situation where it will ha\ 7 e half shade. 

Japanese irises are a trifle difficult, but I have seen them grown 
to perfection in a rainy spring. Their culture is easier in the 
extreme eastern section of the state. They must have frequent 
soakings in midsummer in addition to the regular spring soakings 
to force bloom. 

Swamp irises and hybrids do well in the perennial border. 
Some of them are a bit slow to become established, but once es¬ 
tablished grow like a weed. Leaf mold and cotton seed meal are 
added when the soil is prepared and a light top dressing of leaf 
mold and cotton seed meal is given each fall. They flourish on 
less water than is necessary to keep ranunculus repens alive. I 
grow pseuclacorus, virginica, shrivei, kermisina, chrysophoenicia, 
yellow fulva and three variations of the brown fulva. The deep 
garnet fulva bears flowers of applanate type. The fulvas sent to 
me as “Rose Petal’ 7 and “Peach Blossom” bore flower stems one 
autumn. The blossoms did not open due to a killing freeze on 
December 2. Savanarum is tender. It did not give bloom till 
its fourth year, when it was given protection during every sudden 
cold snap. A two-year plant of elephantina has given no bloom. 
Spring set plants of laevigata semperflorens are doing well. Of 
the hybrids Dorothea, K. Williamson, fulvala, Martha Washington 
and Elizabeth Washington gave bloom the first season. Eudora, 
Mary Love, and Sarah Cheek did not give bloom until the second 
season. Martha Washington is my favorite of the hybrids grown. 
Sarah Cheek sometimes bears six standards and six falls. Manitou 
and Wena Goodall have been added for trial. 

Spring set plants of missouriensis and longipetala are thriving 
in full sun. Missouriensis gave bloom on very short stems. Verna 
is grown in an acid spot in very dense shade. One-third of the 

[ 33 ] 

plants lived from fall planting. They gave no bloom, this, their 
first season. 

Uttiquicularis marginata was first tried in a cold frame. The 
plants are four years old now and the frame is left open all winter. 
It has given bloom in October, February, March, and April. Sty- 
losa alba has been planted for trial in open ground. 

Dichotoma is grown in a border with bearded irises. I have 
read that old plants are inclined to die out, but my oldest are still 
alive. They have begun to bloom as early as July 4. Young 
plants did not begin to bloom until September 6 and the smallest 
of these did not begin to bloom until October 10. They con- 
tinned to bloom until October 25. 

The chief difficulty in growing bulbous irises is that late freezes 
destroy the foliage. In one season practically my whole planting 
of Dutch irises was wiped out. When I plant new bulbs or set 
old ones which were lifted in the spring they are not put in the 
ground until December thus retarding the growth of the foliage. 
Bulbs which are left in the ground over the summer will have 
tops ten inches tall in January. These have been frozen back to 
within a few inches of the ground and have given spring bloom 
nevertheless. Dutch irises should be given sharp drainage. 

I tried several locations before I could get them to multiply. 
They have not been transplanted in four years and each bulb has 
now become a little clump. Those grown are: Huchtenburg, Dirk 
Dalens, W. Zuiderveld, Golden Bronze, Leonardo da Vinci, White 
Excelsior, and W. Verschuur syn. Indian Chief. Golden Wonder 
is tlie only Spanish iris that I have tried. It was destroyed by a 
grass fire its second winter and has not yet been replaced. It is 
unfortunate that English irises which do not produce their foliage 
until mid-April do not do well here. Three different plantings of 
English irises have not survived their first summer. One of my 
English acquaintances had me all aflutter by saying he could tell 
me how to grow them. His method was to import some climate. 
Reticulata blooms and increases in ordinary garden soil to which 
a small amount of compost has been added. To date the tops of 
leticulata have matured before being caught by freeze. Keeping 
them out of the ground until late has resulted in almost 100 per 
cent fatalities and no bloom for two years from the bulbs that re- 
maiued. They have never started growth until mid-January. 

The blue tectorum does well here. A new shipment of rhizomes 
does not give bloom until the second season and those plants which 

[34 1 

have been reset give scant bloom the first year. Partial shade 
is preferable as the tops sunscald badly. Year-old plants of tec- 
torum album have given no bloom. Both spring and fall planting 
of cristata and cristata alba are satisfactory. Cristata does well 
in partial shade and has been grown in full sun this summer. 
Cristata alba will not survive in full sun and is not doing too well 
in partial shade. The fact that the blue cristata grows wild about 
sixty-five miles southeast of here makes me hope that eventually 
I will be able to do a creditable job of growing the white varia¬ 

Gracilipes gave bloom its first season, but did not live over 
the summer. It has been replaced. Spring set plants of lacustris 
did well till midsummer when they died. A fall planting is being 
tried in a shadier location. Milesii and tectorum lilacina have 
been added to this planting. 

Of the more difficult species I have tried gormanii, tenax, tenuis, 
minuta, bracteata, white douglasiana, inominata and thompsonii. 
All of them were planted in the spring but minuta. Of this plant¬ 
ing bracteata survives. Minuta, tenuis and thompsonii were killed 
by a late freeze. A spring storm destroyed the tree which gave 
shade to gormanii, tenax, inominata and white douglasiana and an 
enforced absence prevented me from moving them or building a 
temporary protection until it was too late to save them. Tenax, 
gormanii, white douglasiana have been replaced. Like Epamenon- 
dus I always start out with the firm determination that I can do 
better next time. 

I’m also growing maricas in the house; moreas, I. tuberosa, 
arenaria, turkoman and barnumae outdoors. These, with my new 
plantings, will some day be another story. 


Eleanor P. Jones 

■ In spite of the often-quoted proverb, it is not true that farther 
pastures are always greener. We are all prone to plan trips, make 
pilgrimages and long for sights that are distant when close at 
hand we have the very things we go far afield to see. I am think¬ 
ing of the iris garden belonging to Mr. and Mrs. Llerman E. 
Lewis, of Haverhill, Massachusetts, perhaps one of the finest 
amateur collections of bearded iris in this country. Visited during 
its flowering season by enthusiasts from the South and the far 
West, who who are near at hand in New England, certainly those 
of us who live in Massachusetts, are missing a sight of rare beauty 
by not making an effort, slight indeed in our cases, to see these 
magnificent irises in full bloom. 

Because this is written for an iris magazine published for iris 
growers we must slight the other attractions of the Lewis gardens 
but we can at least touch upon them and promise that even if you 
have thus far turned a cold shoulder on the fascinations of iris 
growing you will still find plenty to interest you and to admire in 
this lovely place. To really know its treasures they should be 
followed through the seasons. Do yon prefer the spring? Come 
then when literally thousands of daffodils fill borders and grass. 
Confidentially we must whisper to you that Mrs. Lewis was born 
a collector and it is not to iris alone that she has turned her at¬ 
tention. Daffodils long ago overflowed the garden proper and 
blossom now under the old apple trees in the orchard or along 
the pergola which leads to her sister’s home. Or do you prefer 
the small treasures that make a rock-garden a thing of rare ap¬ 
peal? These are here too in abundance, stretching along a tiny 
brook and beside a pool, at home among the finely placed rocks 
that seem a natural out-cropping and on the edge of woods along 
whose paths grow species of iris as well as primroses, ferns and 
lilies. Or is it roses that have first place in your affections? Here 
is a charmingly designed rose-garden and in the wide border 
that outlines it, in its turn backed by climbers, is an extremely in¬ 
teresting planting of species roses, to me one of the very high¬ 
lights of the place. Collections of peonies, the finest delphiniums, 

[ 36 ] 

dozens of the newer varieties of hemerocallis as well as the rarer 
daffodils are grown in rows beyond the roses and it is but a step 
through the orchard to the delightful serenity of Miss Stover’s 
green garden, where no one can resist the invitation to sit down 
and rest in a spot so little dependent on the varying seasons for 
its charm. 

The long iris season stretches from the first dwarf in April 
through the gorgeous display of Japanese irises in mid-July. But 
it is to the large collection of tall bearded irises that we are to 
turn our attention in these few paragraphs and it takes only a 
glance to see how thoroughly the Lewises understand their needs. 
Beyond and to one side of the garden and sloping down to the 
North is a large field. It is still a large field but not nearly so 
large as when Mrs. Lewis first began to encroach upon it. She 
has stolen room for some twenty-six rectangular beds, from 40 to 
60 feet long and four feet wide divided and marked by grass 
paths three feet wide. And 1 assure you the end is not yet. 
There is still room for as many beds more. That is one reason 
why we find in this collection not only the new varieties but so 
many of the better older ones. Indeed, it is hard for Mrs. Lewis 
to let the old ones go—she says she feels a pang when she has 
ruthlessly to root out some of the friends of many years. There 
will always be places for some of the older ones, many for the 
beauty which is still theirs and some just for comparison with the 
stunning creations which have replaced them. To the casual ob¬ 
server it would seem as though these bearded irises rejoiced in 
sun all through the day and yet it has been possible to find shade 
for the few that demand it. And with so many hundreds planted 
in so many beds it would also seem an almost superhuman task to 
attempt anything like a color scheme in planting but here a most 
charming effect has been achieved. Great clumps of soft glowing 
yellow all through the beds light up the whole field, patches of 
white separate when separation is needed, the lovely blues shine 
forth and draw the eye as they always do and the reds make their 
deeper accents felt at strategic points. Mrs. Lewis calls attention 
to some of her most successful groupings and right here lies the 
value of this hospitable garden. It is a perfect place to study 
the landscape value of the iris. In so many commercial nurseries, 
-—and in these days we find some of our most charming plantings 
there—the mere fact that plants must needs be sold, divided and 
moved makes it impossible to welcome the large clumps of one va- 

L 37 ] 

rietv such as we can see here. For here they can be allowed to 
grow and develop. Here we see just the clumps we long for in 
our gardens. We can see them in relation to other varieties, we 
can see whether they are free-blooming or not—whether in our 
own small borders we can give room to much foliage but only one 
stalk no matter how superlatively beautiful the blossoms of that 
one stalk may be. Such a place is invaluable to us. Here we may 
bring our catalogs before we order, check up on those we are con¬ 
sidering and know with some surety what we are welcoming into 
our own schemes of planting. The Lewis iris field in the late 
afternoon sun is a sight to be long anticipated and as long re¬ 

It would take far too much space and time to enumerate the 
shining lights of this garden and too it is a garden that has often 
been written of in the Bulletin. But I wonder if any but those 
who have already visited it realize the extent of its collection. 
Suffice it to say that they are all here, the Dykes medal winners 
of present and past, the II. M.s and the A. M.s and all the run¬ 
ners up. Here is a surprising number of the new irises as they 
appear upon the horizon, the debutantes as it were of the iris 
world. Mrs. Lewis seems to have an uncanny sense of those that 
are going to prove successes and it is fun to meet the new ones 
even though for a few years they seem beyond our modest pocket- 

I asked Mrs. Lewis to help me identify some that seemed to 
me the finest and to give me the benefit of her familiarity with 
them all and we went over them noting down a few I thought I 
would like to mention. When all was said and done and we had 
just skimmed the surface I found I already had seventy-five names, 
all of which seemed to me unusually beautiful varieties. Then I 
gave up such detail remembering after all that it was to iris grow¬ 
ers that I was writing. 

Over to one side of the garden we must not omit the beds of 
seedlings, Mrs. Lewis’s seedlings which grow in interest every 
year. Nor the guest irises sent on by growers for observation and 
check-up in other climates than their own. Don’t expect to drop 
in here for just a half an hour or so. Put this garden down in 
the calendar where you note the dates for cherry and apple 
blossom pilgrimages and visit the Lewis garden next June when 
the bearded irises hold the centre of the stage. 



Russell D. Dysart 

■ There is little doubt that the greatest obstacle to the general 
popularity of the bearded iris is its short season of bloom. A few 
brief months of beautiful flowers and many months of green, 
brown or spotted foliage is the iris picture with a large number 
of flower lovers. This outstanding challenge has been recognized 
by certain iris breeders but has been of no special interest to many. 

What is the cause of the lack of interest in developing this field? 

I believe it is due to the difficulties involved in producing 
superior irises of this type and to the fact that in some places 
there are climatic extremes which make a long season impossible. 
Personally, I think that if iris hybridizers would concentrate on 
repeating types as frantically as they worked to get our amazing 
new yellow irises, we will succeed in a material extension of the 
blooming season. I predict that eventually we shall develop 
bearded irises of merit that will bloom in the late summer or early 
fall in any state in the Union and that furthermore there will be 
practically everblooming varieties suited to the South and Pacific 

I wish the many iris friends whom we hope to welcome to Cali¬ 
fornia this spring could have seen the irises blooming here during 
the present fall and winter season. It is to be admitted that cli¬ 
matic conditions this vear have been ideal for winter flowers and 


that, I grow my irises in a nearly “frostless” location. But it 
was indeed a thrill for me to see twenty-six named varieties bloom¬ 
ing on the first day of December. 

Probably these notes about off-season irises by one who has not 
produced anything to startle the iris world and who still has his 
amateur standing may seem decidedly premature—-perhaps en¬ 
tirely out of place. 

My first attempt on the problem came several years ago as a 
result of the work done with Crimson King, our local everbloomer, 
by Tom Metcalfe, my neighbor in San Dimas. It has been my 
good fortune to have had the chance of using his Crimson King 
crosses in my experiments, with some definite progress indicated. 
The only iris along this line alreadv introduced is a rich yellow 


Metcalfe-Dysart seedling registered as Golden Cataract. Here it 
blooms four seasons of the year, along with Crimson King and 
Eleanor Roosevelt. Reports from other sections of the country 
indicate a tendency toward fall blooming but time will tell us 

You have probably noticed that most of our existing re-bloomers 
have definite and characteristic faults. To my mind the worst of 
these is “stem trouble.” Some stems are reclining, some are 
twisted and others are bunch-branched too high on the plant. Most 
stems have neither enough branches nor enough flowers. “Flower 
trouble” certainly does not extend to color except that we need 
more variety of shades. In fact, many irises show unusual color 
richness in the fall, probably because of cooler weather. The dif¬ 
ficulty seems to be that so many winter flowers are malformed. 
Some are actual monstrosities. Another flower characteristic noted 
is that of a plant producing one or two extremely large, fine 
blooms while the other flowers dry up in bud. Some varieties 
bloom themselves to death. This very serious fault is caused when 
the blooming tendency overbalances the plant ’s ability to rapidly 
increase. It stands to reason that a genuinely successful re¬ 
bloomer must increase quickly and steadily in order to support 
the extra season of bloom. If it does not do this, its off-season 
bloom will be very erratic if it blooms at all. 

For my own system of breeding I am trying to produce several 
seedlings which will be good enough to use as a principal “stud” 
for developing lines of repeating types. 

As a result of the experience of Prof. E. 0. Essig, I have used 
Moa as a breeder. Its progeny often show off-season bloom but 
lack quality. However, further use will be made of these seed¬ 
lings. I have also used L. A. Williamson, Autumn Dawn, Eleanor 
Roosevelt, Ambassadeur and Don Quixote with fair results, and, 
of course, the newer sorts are involved in my present work. In 
this experiment I have had the help of many Californians, in¬ 
cluding Sidney B. Mitchell, Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop, Mrs. Reibold, 
Donald Milliken, Cecil Houdyshel, W. A. Earls and C. G. White. 
At jmesent I am growing good seedlings from the Hills Farms of 
Lafontaine, Kansas, and have communicated with Clint Me Dade 
of Chattanooga, Tenn,, a recognized expert in my line. 

By this time we all should be aware that irises are largely 
regional in their behavior. Therefore please remember that the 
following remarks apply to my garden—perhaps not even to all 

of Southern California. It is only by hearing reports from all 
sections that we can really evaluate our irises. After my experi¬ 
ments have continued for a longer period of time I hope to have 
more scientific and comprehensive notes than these. 

As to my experience with named varieties alleged to bloom at 
any time, I can submit only a very “sketchy” preliminary report. 

First —there are some very consistent or heavy re-bloomers that 
have attracted special attention. 

Autumn Dawn is a mass of delicate bloom from the ground up, 
every November. 

Archevique and its larger brother, B. W. Wallace, never fail. 

Autumn Haze and October Opera are two varieties of promise. 

Cretan always shows its deep blue-purple, but with stems that 
trail on the ground. 

Eleanor Roosevelt is a heavy, dependable bloomer and often 
shows much quality. 

Fair Enough (C. G. White) is a beautiful, tall, well-branched 
plant with flowers of true blue. It is not a heavy bloomer but is 
liable to bloom any day in the year. 

Georgia is still the good old “pink” that never fails to show 
flowers in winter. 

Gay Hussar is bright and gay when the frost doesn’t nip it. 

You wouldn’t recognize L. A. Williamson in its rich winter 

October Opera is one of the earliest of the fall irises. 

Petruchio is not reported as blooming out of season in other 
places—but it is one of our finest, during mild winters. 

Other strong bloomers are: Autumn King, Autumn Queen, Dora 
Longdon, Dorcas Hutcheson, Gold Imperial, Jean Siret, Koya, 
Laura Hutcheson, Lt. Chavagnac, Syphax and Sunset Gold. 

Next we have a group of fairly consistent re-bloomers to check 

Autumn Elf is a less conspicuous running mate for Dora 

Apache is a color of its own. 

Crysoro and Southland are good dependable deep yellows. 

Don Quixote shows gigantic dull colored flowers on reclining 

Moa blooms eratically, sometimes in great richness. 

Constance Schreiner and Martie Everest are superior varieties 
and both indicate a rather outstanding future. 


Other varieties of merit in this class are: Autumn Frost, Au¬ 
tumn Surprise, Allies, Equinox, Golden Harvest, Jane Krey, 
Moneta and Olive White. 

And a number of varieties which show occasional off-season 
flowers are: Crusader, Claridad, Duke of Bedford, Indian Chief, 
Iris King, Ivory Coast, Jubilee, King Karl, King Midas, Le Cor- 
rege, Mrs. Herbert Hoover, Natividad, Neola, Santa Barbara, Sikh, 
Shining Waters, Titan, Ultra and Valencia. 

Last on my list are some kinds on which I am not yet ready to 
report. Most of these are new sorts and many of them will un¬ 
doubtedly prove to be excellent: Autumn Gleam, Autumn King, 
Jr., Black Magic, Evelyn Pullar, Frost Queen, Maid of Tennessee, 
October Maples, Pearl Blue, September Skies, September Morn, 
Sangreal, Sound Money and White Autumn King. 

Ontario, California 

Frank E. Chowning 

■ This year, Mrs. Chowning and I found it necessary, because 
of vacation plans which could not be altered, to postpone again 
our visit to Quality Gardens—an iris jaunt to which we had looked 
forward for two years. We had already been deprived of our an¬ 
nual trip to Nashville because of the unprecedented spring freeze 
that played havoc with the iris bloom in middle Tennessee. How¬ 
ever, we consoled ourselves with the knowledge that our local iris 
season, which had closed some three weeks earlier, had been a most 
satisfactory one. 

When we left home on May 27th for a month’s vacation, our 
plans fixed Washington, D. C., as “farthest north.” On arriving 
in Nashville, however, we learned from Mrs. T. A. Washington 
that Mr. Washington and Mr. and Mrs. Geddes Douglass had left 
Nashville by automobile some forty-eight hours earlier for Lowell, 
Massachusetts, to see the bloom at Fairmount Gardens. We had 
long since dismissed iris from our minds for another year, but the 
thought of seeing iris in bloom again was so intriguing to our 
imaginations that we immediately began to ponder the possibili¬ 
ties of driving to New England, seeing the iris, and finding our 
way back to Urbanna, Virginia, by June 4th, where friends were 

expecting* us on that date. When it appeared that we could have 
two days in New England by leaving at once, we resolved to head 
for Lowell the next morning, and thus our visit to New England 
iris gardens became a reality. 

Before I launch upon our main topic—a discussion of the iris 
we saw—I want to express our appreciation of New England, its 
lovely countryside, its immaculate villages, its quaint and beau¬ 
tiful colonial homes and churches, and last but not least, the 
friendliness and hospitality of its people. Mr. and Mrs. Nesmith 
were hosts such as we of the South and Southwest like to think 
are peculiar to the southern atmosphere and tradition. Mr. and 
Mrs. Kellogg at Over-the-Garden-Wall took valuable time away 
from other visitors to show us about and make us feel at home. 
Miss Sturtevant was very gracious—ns were all we met. These 
kindnesses will linger in our minds after the particular iris we saw 
have been forgotten. 

We arrived at Over-the-Garden-Wall at 2:00 P. M. Tuesday, 
May 31st. The day was clear, and the garden at the height of 
its bloom. Our surprises began before we entered the main gar¬ 
den. Just as we entered the threshold, our eyes fell upon Helen 
Astor, the exquisite rosy-red Siberian which represents the great¬ 
est color break in this division to date. Had I not seen this iris 
myself, it would have been difficult for me to visualize so remark¬ 
able a departure from the usual colors of this group. It was grow¬ 
ing opposite kermesina and the two made striking groups for the 
border of the pool. Nearby were enormous clumps of Caesar’s 
Brother, Snowcrest and Gatineau, the very best dark blue, white, 
and porcelain blue Siberians, respectively. No garden should be 
without these. 

And then the main parade of tall bearded broke upon our vision. 
Row upon row they stretched across a spacious garden, with here 
and there small planting of Kellogg seedlings. In our near vision 
were all of the better yellows, excepting only 1938 introductions. 
Here were Jasmania, Chosen, Jelloway, Sun Dust, Alice Harding, 
Golden Hind, Padishah, California Gold, Sweet Alibi, Treasure 
Island, Golden Treasure, Happy Days, and Lady Paramount. If 
soil and climatic conditions had favored any one variety, it was 
not apparent, because all appeared to be well grown. There was 
no evidence that any had suffered from winter killing or late 
frosts. I visited each clump separately, so that the merits and 
demerits of each might be compared with its rival. My conclu- 

sions were as follows: Golden Hind is the most magnificent bit of 
color to be found in all the yellow iris, but otherwise it is defi¬ 
nitely third rate in all particulars, being short stalked, crowded 
on stem, small flowered, and with stands that tend to stand open. 
Jelloway was medium large, Golden Hind’s nearest rival as to 
color, with tall stem and good branching, but lacking in that 
breadth of fall which distinguishes the great from the near-great. 
Chosen was large, tall-stemmed, well branched with nice breadth 
of flower in all its segments, but withal lacking in the brilliancy 
that is so characteristic of Pluie I)’Or or Jelloway. Alice Harding 
had nice height, good branching and size, and fine flaring form, 
but it, too, does not possess a live tone of color. California Gold 
was magnificent in a fine clump, and its color dominated the gar¬ 
den, but the form of its larg^e flowers is not the best, and its color 
is a bit too brassy to have the blending qualities of Jelloway. 
Jasmania, a medium yellow and a slight bi-color, was without 
visible fault—unless one would Pave it possess the coloring of 
Golden Hind, Jelloway or Pluie D’Or. My observations were re¬ 
corded as follows: “Jasmania, fine size, form and branching, not 
so yellow as Jelloway, but superior in form and size. Jelloway’s 
falls tend toward 'strapping,’ while Jasmania’s are broad.” I 
observed that some other yellows were badly streaked with the 
purple flecking that is usually associated with the progeny of 
W. R. Dykes. 

Outstanding new blends were Radiant, Lighthouse, Aubanel, 
Midwest Gem, Boulderado and Amenti. The last lacks in carrv- 
ing quality and belongs in the same group as Nepenthe, but has a 
charm that cannot be denied. My notes on Midwest Gem record 
that it is a “marvelous new blend with ruffled falls as well as 
stands, but stalk is badly crowded.” My comments on Bonlder- 
ado were: “Beautiful blend of deep peach tone, good size, form 
and substance, and with low branching.” 

Other iris that lived up to expectations were Garden Magic 
and Morocco Rose. The latter is one of the most distinctive of 
the newer iris. Ozone, Beotie, Missouri, Golden Helmet, Directeur 
Pinelle, Aubade and Mohrson, all old acquaintances, were distinc¬ 
tive and outstanding. 

A huge clump of Copper Piece contributed a unique bit of 
coloring to the garden picture. 

We reached Fairmount Gardens after sundown and found Mr. 
and Mrs. Nesmith and several guests at dinner. Immediately 

1 44 ] 

places at the table were arranged for us, and we became mem¬ 
bers of a most delightful household where iris were discussed and 
lived among during our waking hours. 

Due to the difference in latitude and weather conditions, the tall 
bearded iris at Fairmount Gardens were just beginning their 
display on May 31st, and many had not opened their first flowers 
by June 3rd, when we were forced to return to Virginia. The 
weather was cloudy and cool enough to hold the bloom in check, 
and we were deprived of seeing many of the rarest and best at 
Lowell, but the things we saw amply repaid us for our long 

The Nesmith garden contains so much of beauty and interest in 
addition to iris that the visitor would find it attractive over a long 
period. Early varieties of hemerocallis, iris and Oriental poppies 
were the chief contributors to the display, but here and there in 
the garden were other perennial garden flowers whose bloom 
made this a well rounded-out garden. We were delighted to find 
a large planting of gracilipes—one of the daintiest of all the iris 
family. Nearby were clumps of tectorum and Oliver Twist, Mr. 
Washington’s hybrid of tectorum and cristata. Geddes Douglass 
and I found it an interesting experiment to try to obtain a cross 
of tectorum upon gracilipes. Mr. Washington’s many beardless 
hybrids were planted here and there along with many clumps of 
Siberian. The Siberians were already blooming, but we were too 
early for the Washington hybrids. 

Particularly outstanding among new introductions in this gar¬ 
den were Golden Amber and Good Cheer, both by Miss Sturtevant. 
Good Cheer is a brighter but slightly smaller Deseret. Golden 
Amber’s name is its best description. This was the iris selected 
by Mr. Edward Salbach for special comment as being the most 
striking new Eastern iris seen by him on his 1937 visit to New 
England gardens. It has great carrying power and is free from 
the purple splotches that were so noticeable upon the falls of 
Sun Tan, a somewhat similar iris but which is much duller and 
with less substance. A clump of Golden Amber will command 
instant attention in any company. 

Fairmount Gardens are rich in Washington and Nesmith in¬ 
troductions. We renewed our acquaintance with White Goddess 
and Cathedral Dome, which we had first seen at Nashville as 
seedlings. There are no better whites than these and few as good. 
Of the two, we preferred White Goddess. Another white that 

[ 45 ] 

drew our attention was Nobility, whose stalk measured fifty-two 
inches, and the flower was as large as El Capitan. While it was 
not as pure in tone as Cathedral Dome and White Goddess, its 
substance, size, form and height were outstanding. Its one seri¬ 
ous fault was an extremely high-branched stalk. 

Conestoga, a Kirkland newcomer, was very attractive in copper 
tones, and is a better iris than Timagami, Yucatan, Ojibway and 


Mr. Washington’s newer tilings were slow in removing their 
wraps, and we missed most of these. One that did perform made 
an instant hit with us—Champagne Glow. This new yellow is 
entirely distinctive, both as to color and form. There is a green 
undertone to the flower (which is a pure self) that gave rise to its 
name and it reminds one of nothing so much as golden sparkling 
champagne. This flower will add a new color note to the garden. 
Its size, while not large, is ample, and its height and branching 
is good. Pink Butterfly is a dainty iris that deserves to be better 
known and it, too, is very distinctive. We longed to see Blithe¬ 
some, Cellophane, Artistry, Snow Goose, Maya and The Bishop, 
but all of these stubbornly refused to open even a single bloom. 

On the morning of June 1st Mr. Nesmith acted as guide while 
we visited Concord and Lexington and revived the stirring memo¬ 
ries implanted in our youthful minds by Barnes’ accounts of the 
battle which began the Revolution. We had lunch at a delightful 
old tavern at Concord and immediately thereafter left for Welles- 
ley Farms, where we visited the garden of Miss Sturtevant. Here 
we found a number of pastel seedlings in tones of lavender and 
blue and other shades which were most delightful garden subjects, 
but none of these will probably be introduced. Pastel blends are 
our weakness. 

Miss Sturtevant’s garden has been so often described in pre¬ 
vious Bulletins that we will not go into detail except to say that 
in the small area covered by this garden is every condition of soil, 
shade and moisture that is necessary to the best growth of every 
member of the iris family that can be grown in the New England 
climate. We gazed about us and envied Miss Sturtevant’s good 
fortune in possessing so varied a terrain in so small a space! 
Every inch, save ample winding walk, was planted in iris, 
hemerocallis and other perennials, with magnificent trees and 
vShrubbery as a background. 

Mi*. Merton Gage’s garden was our next stop, and mere we 
found probably the best grown tall bearded iris seen in New Eng¬ 
land, and second to none we have seen anywhere. Most of these 
iris were growing in a slight depression which, in the south and 
southwest, would have been too damp for certain periods of our 
weather, when there is excessive rain and humidity. We would 
have supposed that these iris would have also suffered in such a 
location in New England from excessive moisture and lack of 
drainage, but the marvelous growth, fine stalks and superlative 
flowers attested to the fact that these plants were enjoying to the 
utmost the conditions surrounding them. Here were large clumps 
of Mr. Gage’s introductions, Rosy Wings, Eclat and Gloriole, 
Each was doubly impressive in mass and all gorgeously beautiful 

Time did not permit a visit to Mr. McKee’s or to a number of 
other gardens in this section. We regretted that our trip had not 
been originally planned to permit more time in New England, 
but we could not leave Massachusetts without a visit to Salem and 
Marblehead. So again on June 2nd Mr. Nesmith acted as guide 
while we, with Mr. and Mrs. Geddes Douglass, of Nashville, visited 
the old Witch House, where the Salem witchcraft trials were held, 
an old street lined with early Colonial mansions with the most 
beautiful doorways in America, the inlet at Marblehead filled with 
colorful sailboats of every size and pattern, and the old Marble¬ 
head burying ground containing the graves of the ancestors of 
countless Americans, with quaint hand-carved slate headstones 
ornamented with skull and cross bones and Latin inscriptions! 

On the morning of June 3rd, there was a slow rain falling, and 
after making the rounds of the Nesmith garden and enjoying the 
opening flowers of additional varieties, we reluctantly said good¬ 
bye to the Nesmiths and their guests and began our return South. 
We could not forego a last look at Over-the-Garden-Wall at AVest 
Hartford, where we tarried for an hour with the Kelloggs before 
resuming our journey. Late in the afternoon of the following 
day we arrived at our Virginia destination, some thirty miles from 
Williamsburg. Here we stayed for two weeks, while we paid 
daily visits to Williamsburg, Yorktown and other places of his¬ 
torical interest. How fitting, we thought, that a vacation that 
really began in the atmosphere of Lexington and Concord should 
end at Williamsburg and Yorktown. 

147 ] 

E. G. Lapham 

■ I promised to write an article on pink iris. Then I considered 
that I had not seen some of the finest in this class—Angelas, 
Aubanel, Prairie Sunset and other of the newest Sass pinks, the 
newest Washington pinks and others already of repute. Nor have 
I had a chance to discuss the breeding of pinks with most of 
those who have accomplished much in this line of breeding. So 
to make this article really worthwhile I conceived the idea of 
making it something of a symposium. I regret that I have heard 
from but three of those to whom I wrote; but I am sure that 
the contributions from Mr. Jacob Sass, Mr. Edward Salbach and 
Mr. Egelberg add greatly to this discussion. I hope others will 
write separate articles on the subject. 

Jacob Sass contributes the text for the lavender pinks. He 
states: “We haven’t raised any better pinks than the series from 
Trostringer X Aphrodite which includes Pink Satin, Pink Opal 
and Pink Demoiselle. We have raised many seedlings and second 
generation seedlings from these but none were as good. It may be 
possible to get the pinks out of blends by breeding away the other 
colors and have only pink remain. We have had some success 
toward this line but are still quite far from true pinks,” 

Mr. Egelberg comments, “ Among my own seedlings it seems 
to me that I have found the purest pink shades among the seed¬ 
lings of Pink Satin. However, they usually are lacking in other 
respects. ” 

I, too, have had some nice Pink Satin seedlings, the best being 
Eloise Lapham X Pink Satin. But I have seen no Pink Satin 
seedling nor any Imperial Blush seedling I would want to put 
ahead of these two named iris. In my own efforts for lavender 
pinks or orchid shades, I worked up from Wyomissing, Queen of 
May, Dream, Wild Rose, Susan Bliss, Harriet Presby, Aphrodite, 
Pink Satin, Imperial Blush and the pHcatas Caroline E. Stringer 
and Ivalos, and combinations of seedlings derived from combina¬ 
tions of these. I did no crossing for lavender pinks this year, 
and unless something extra special shows up among seedlings 
still to bloom the coming spring, I shall rest the case so far as I 
am concerned with a very lovely lavender pink tinted seedling 
from a seedling of Eloise Lapham X Marian Lapham by a Paul 

Cook seedling P-231 of Wild Rose and an old numbered William¬ 
son seedling which contained some Dominion blood. So far as I 
know Mr. Cook has the only line of pinks that does contain Do¬ 
minion as he has been using the seedling I refer to and a sister 
seedling he prefers to it very extensively and I expect the coming 
season will bring into bloom among his seedlings some very fine 
things that are quite distinct from what might be termed 
regular run in this class. Were I continuing with the lavender 
pinks I would make a lot of use of Imperial Blush. 

But in devoting my efforts to yellow-toned pinks, I shall be 
using seedlings containing Aphrodite, Eloise Lapham, Ethelwyn 
Dubuar, Grace Lapham, Susan Bliss, Miss California, Morocco 
Rose, Angelus, Aubanel; it may well be that something finer than 
I have yet grown in pure lavender pink or pure orchid will show 
up among the seedlings raised from crossings primarily for yellow- 
toned pinks. 

I have studied Miss California and Morocco Rose in Mrs. 

Pattison’s garden. They are both great iris and about all they 

are cracked up to be. They do not happen to be just what I am 
after in coloring now and I put them with the lilac or orchid 
pinks rather than what I consider the yellow toned. However 

they classify as to color, they are going to remain tops for quite 

some time and every lover of pink iris should make sure of having 
both of these two great pinks in their collection. If they are not 
“A” grade iris I do not know how to pick them. 

Mr. Egelberg comments, 4 ‘Of the pinks I did see Aubanel and 
Sass 7 Mrs. Willard Jacques are certainly outstanding. Both are 
blends with some coppery fawn, rose and even lavender in their 
makeup. Schreiner has an English pink called Lilias that seemed 
an approach to clear pink in the orchid toned hues. Ballet Girl 
is a good tint of very pale pink. 77 As I have not seen any of 
these I am glad to be able to offer Mr. Egelberg 7 s comment. I 
have received many very favorable reports on both Aubanel and 
Mr. Egelberg 7 s Angelus. And now I have for you a bit of frank 
and very interesting comment from Mr. Egelberg, as follows: 
“In 1923 when I made the cross that gave me Elizabeth Egelberg 
it then seemed to me that the best pink tones available were those 
in the standards of the old Her Majesty. This variety was used as 
the pod parent. Nearly ten years later in crossing Elizabeth 
Egelberg with Depute Nomblot I found one seedling with rather 
light, pinkish tones. This was finally registered as Angelus, and 

[ 49 ] 

while it may be an advance in some respects, it certainly is not 
an approach to pure pink hues.” Just the same, it appears, 
from the reports of judges and breeders whose opinion I much 
value that in Angelus Mr. Egelberg has an outstanding iris and 
one that may be considered an advance in the so-called pink class, 
everything considered, even though it is not that approach to pure 
pink lines! 

Now before we go on to wliat I group as the yellow-toned pinks, 
let us consider a color group which can best be described probably 
as apricot, with perilaps some salmon here, some peach there, and 
some flushes of lavender here and there. I have not seen it, 
but I am inclined to believe that Prairie Sunset tops this class. 
At Mr. Hall’s last June I saw his May Day and it is a stunner. 
It has size and vigor and color that defies criticism—just utterly 
lovely. We shall grant that Prairie Sunset and Morocco Rose 
and Miss California are outstanding and we can warn them all 
that May Day is no rival to treat lightly. Midwest Gem is all 
that is claimed for it, especially as grown by Mr. Hall. There 
is probably no more delightful coloring in the class than the 
lovely “true apricot” as described by some Kuan Yin, a Dr. 
Wilhelm seedling that is entitled to some sort of a special award 
for color. I got a very nice seedling in this class from Raineses 
X Ethel Peckham. Check with Salbach’s cross of Desert Gold 
and Dauntless as evidence of the value of using reds in breeding 
for pinks—and there is plenty of yellow, too, in the breeding back 
of the Rameses and Ethel Peckham cross. 

Right here I insert the comment from Edward Salbach, and he 
gives you your money’s worth in just a few minutes of reading 
time, but if you are really interested in pinks you will have to 
spend a lot of time thinking it over. 

“Pink iris. The hardest goal of all. Judging from the slow 
progress breeders have made to date, but one which is being 
threatened more and more each year. Of course, we have lots of 
pink-toned iris already, but they are on the cold, or lavender pink 
tones. When breeders think of new pinks, they mean the warm, 
pastel pinks, although they seldom specify. 

“But let’s examine the situation. We have lots of good laven¬ 
der pinks, but no one seems to be able to break them over into the 
warm pinks, and inter-crossing is very hard, due to the unusual 
chromosome count that prevails among these lavender pinks. At 
any rate, there seems nothing promising from this source. 

“A little closer to the warm type of pinks are two big new ones 
bred from Dauntless. They are China Maid and Miss California. 
The latter, in particular would seem to be a breeding opening to¬ 
wards warmer pinks, thanks to its yellow heritage (from Desert 
Gold). However, first generation seedlings have not shown much 
progress in this direction, to date. 

“Then there are the small pinks with good color. Eros is one. 
Perhaps colchicine, used on its seeds, would give us a break direct¬ 
ly to a larger pink. And then I have seen two other small pink 
seedlings, but neither, apparently, has been of much breeding- 
use. One is 'Sea Shell/ a small little iris of Dr. Loomis’, and the 
other is 'Isabellina,’ a faint flesh-colored iris of Mr. Mitchell’s, 
whose substance was so woefully thin that the variety in itself was 
of no commercial value, and which gave no hint of its color in its 

“Then, too, the pinks may come as a completely lucky break. 
Oh, perhaps, Prairie Sunset may be the key. Or again, Prairie 
Sunset may itself be really what we would call 'pink.’ Guess I’ll 
have to wait till I see it bloom, for everyone who sees it is so en¬ 
thusiastic that they seem too carried away to set down its color. 

“But at any rate, I have seen enough in the way of 'pinkisih’ 
iris to know that the real pinks will be here, and in the not too 
distant future, either.” 

And now for the yellow-toned pinks. Here, according to my 
eyes, we are getting into real pink iris at long last. While I used 
Aphrodite with good results in my lavender pink efforts, its great¬ 
est value has been in the color class I am now dealing with. 
Out of fifty or so seedlings of Midgard X Aphrodite I got one 
with some yellow tinting. It has been of great value to me in my 
efforts along with an Aphrodite X, a yellow seedling which Paul 
Cook gave me, and Eros which combines Aphrodite and Vesper 
Gold. Very liberal use has been made of Midgard, Noweta and 
King Karl. Size, as well as color, has been secured through 
Rameses, a seedling of Dykes by a seedling of Rameses and a Paul 
Cook Wild Rose-Susan Bliss seedling. I have used Sandia, Spring- 
Maid, Ethel Peckham. There is now a nice range of seifs ranging 
from pale salmons and buffs and soft pink over cream onto deeper 
than Eros and to yellow tinted old rose. Also, of course, there are 
blends. The last two years we have been getting plenty of size 
and height along with improved color—I say we because I well 
know that other breeders are making rapid progress, too. We 

[ 51 ] 

seem to get similar results in numerous cases about the same time, 
although we make use of different combinations. For example, 
Mr. Salbach has been using Dauntless with yellow; I used Ethel 
Peck-ham (which frequently throws yellow in its seedlings) with 
Rameses—and then onto Spring Maid. Sandia and Eros onto a 
seedling of Dykes X Rameses-Wild Rose-Susan Bliss have had 
their part. Rosy Wings has done her bit. And with me, as with 
many others if not all others, that old standby, my best friend 
among the iris, God’s (and the Sass’) gift to the iris hybridizer— 
good old Rameses, one iris, perhaps the only one, I shall never 

Mrs. Ralph E. Ricker, Chairman 


The Chattanooga Council of Garden Clubs held its second an¬ 
nual Iris Show May 2 at Hotel Patten, with the cooperation of 
the American Iris Society. 

The show was staged by Mrs. John Cooley, an artist of more 
than local reputation, assisted by Edgar S. Beck. They em¬ 
ployed modern or “stream-lined” effects, which proved quite an 
innovation and elicited much favorable comment. 

The three daily newspapers gave splendid publicity for the 
four weeks preceding the exhibition. The Free Press devoted 
one rotogravure edition to pictures pertaining to iris. Both 
radio stations generously gave time for broadcasts announcing 
the show. 

The weather proved a great handicap to growers who were un¬ 
able to exhibit as many of their best flowers as was hoped. The 
peak of the iris flowering season had passed fully ten days pre¬ 
vious, which was wholly unanticipated in averaging the past five 
years for height of bloom dates. We contracted for the hotel 
space on this figuring and were unable to secure an earlier date 
when we realized our dilemma. On Saturday preceding the Mon¬ 
day of the show, we had a severe rain and hail storm. So we 
had to make the best of a bad situation. 

We were agreeably surprised by the number of entries and 
the quality of the blooms. There were 129 entries in the bearded 
specimen group and 32 entries in the beardless specimen group, 

[ 52 ] 

exclusive of collections. We admitted unnamed {specimens but 
these, of course, were not judged and displayed only. 

There are 28 clubs represented in the Council of Garden Clubs 
and 23 entered club exhibits. There were three classes: Garden 
Planting, iris with own foliage and iris with other flowers. Many 
were most artistic, some outstandingly so. 

A silver trophy, donated by Mrs. F. D. Harsh, was offered the 
best specimen stalk in the show. The best spike was one in a 
garden planting exhibited by the Missionary Ridge Club, but 
as it had not been entered as a specimen, it could not be awarded 
the trophy. Clint McDade then gave the award to a specimen 
stalk, Fulvala, grown by Mrs. Walter S. Knox. 

We are appreciative of the cooperation of Mr. and Mrs. Clint 
McDade, whose gardens can well boast some of the best iris in 
the country. They made a beautiful display of some of their 
finest flowers for educational purpose. Great interest was shown 
in Mr. McDade’s seedlings. 

An outstanding exhibit was from the Douglas Pattison Memo¬ 
rial Gardens, the project of the Garden Club of Riverview, 
growing iris presented yearly by Mrs. Ida Pattison, of Freeport, 
Illinois. Another display was of iris from Warner Park Iris 
Garden, sponsored by the Council of Garden Clubs. 

Clint McDade was chairman of judging. Visiting in Chatta¬ 
nooga were Mrs. Katharine Pozer, of Fairfax Courthouse, Vir¬ 
ginia, editor of garden page of Washington Post and contributor 
to House and Garden and Town and Country, and Walter 
T. Wood, of Macon, Georgia. Both accompanied Mr. McDade 
in judging. Arrangements judges were Mrs. James Hedges, 
Mrs. Walter Lamb and Mrs. Lupton Patten, all women who are 
acknowledged as experts in judging and themselves creators 
of most artistic arrangements. The judges were honor guests at 
a luncheon given by the Council at Hotel Patten. 

The exhibition was open to the public at 2 o’clock and while 
the attendance was greater during the afternoon, there were 
many visitors up to closing time. It was surprising how many 
men visited and evidenced such keen interest in iris. Groups 
of children from the Junior Garden Clubs came during the 
afternoon. The National Crittenden Conference was in session 
and they were visitors in addition to local iris enthusiasts. 

Edgar Beck was exhibitor of the greatest number of iris, 
specimen collection and arrangements. He won the most points 

[ 53 ] 

and the Bronze Medal offered by the American Iris Society. Mr. 
Beck is becoming quite an authority on iris and increasingly 
interested in liis hundred of seedlings. The A.I.S. membership 
was won by Mrs. T. C. Betterton. 

It may be of interest that the iris show cost the Council $27.93 
There was no entrance fee or admission charge. 

Mrs. F. 1). Harsh, 



The Detroit Iris Society’s third annual Iris Show held in co¬ 
operation with the American Iris Society, May 25th, was a very 
creditable show, despite the extreme heat early in the season, 
followed by frost and rain, and more rain almost daily during 
the month of May. The show attracted more visitors than any 
previous exhibit. 

Many beautiful specimens were entered in competition. Among 
the prize-winning varieties and specimens and species were Gud- 
run, El Capitan, Sensation, Black Wings, Sir Michael, Pink 
Satin, Imperial Blush, Grace Sturtevant, Dauntless, Depute 
Nomblot, Dolly Madison, Jean Cayeux, Zuni, Mary Geddes, 
Shirvan, Desert Gold, Treasure Island, Wm. Mohr, Autumn 
King, table iris Pewee and Kinglet, cristata alba, tectorum album, 
Perry’s Blue (siberica), pseudaeorus, graminea, hyacinthiana and 
setosa canadensis. 

Mr. R. Marshall and Mr. C. IT. Bear each displayed large, well- 
labeled non-competitive exhibits of good and new iris. 

The specimen blooms were judged by Mr. Wm. Miles, of 
Ingersoll, Ontario, Regional Vice President of American Iris 
Society Region No. 15, and Mr. John Trafford, owner of the 
garden of the late Mr. II. H. Groff, at Simcoe, Ontario, where 
many fine iris are on display during the iris season. 

The artistic arrangement section was under the able manage¬ 
ment of Mrs. David D. Dunlap. The forty-nine arrangement 
were most outstanding. Especially interesting were the non- 
ochromatic arrangements: Iris with own foliage arranged in 
the modern manner; and despite our genial past secretary’s com¬ 
ment about Japanese arrangement at the convention in Cincin 
nati, the arrangements in the Japanese manner were lovely. 
This year we had “Studies in Color” and “Informal Luncheon 
Tables”—iris predominating in both these classes. 

154 1 

The arrangements were judged by the gradation system, by 
three noted Michigan Horticulture Society judges, Mrs. Cyrus 
Kinsman, of Grosse lie; Mrs. Beresford Palmer, of Grosse Pointe, 
and Mrs. Henry Forester, of Detroit. Blue ribbon awards only 
counted toward sweepstakes prizes. 

The noon luncheon was attended by 41 members and exhibit¬ 
ors and 58 members and guests enjoyed the dinner at 7 :00 P.M. 

Following the dinner, the President, Mrs. C. W. Naas, an¬ 
nounced the prize winners. 

The Silver Medal of the American Iris Society to Mrs. H, 
Hoyt Nissley, for sweepstakes in the specimen classes. 

The Bronze Medal of the American Iris Society to Mrs. C. W. 
Nass for second place. 

Book “Dykes on Iris” to Mrs. Horace Peabody for third place. 

Flower Container, given by Mr. Forster, to Mrs. George Lan- 
ing for highest point score in the arrangement classes. 

Case of tools for Flower Arrangement, given by Mrs. Fred¬ 
erick Huetwell, to Mrs. D. D. Dunlap for second place. 

Pin Point Flower Holder to Mrs. Nissley for third place. 

Membership in the American Iris Society was awarded to Mrs. 
George Laning for the most blue ribbons won by non-members. 

Michigan Horticulture Society Bronze Medal to Mrs. H. Hoyt 
Nissley for her exhibit of Shining Waters, judged the best speci¬ 
men of the show. 

Michigan Horticulture Society Bronze Medal to Mrs. D. D. 
Dunlap for the best arrangement. Mrs. Dunlap exhibited two 
arrangements that received the high score of 99 per cent each 
and tied for the honor. Her line arrangement in a low pewter 
container was of pale yellow iris, begonia leaves, Russian olive 
tree foliage, seed pods of Anemone pulsatilla, iris foliage, and a 
gray-green stone hiding the flower holder. The second was a 
nonochromatic arrangement, in a low burgundy glass bowl, of 
iris, begonia leaves, branches of red cut leafy maple, and bou¬ 
gainvillea vine, with woodland moss covering the pin-point 

The following blue ribbon winners in the specimen classes who 
will receive choice iris rhizomes are: Mrs. Chas. Burton, Mrs. B. 
W. Pullinger, Mrs. A. W. Bender, Mrs. Bruce Collins, Mr. Edw. 
Kocher, Mr. Leo Zoeller and Mr. Harold Beck. 

[ 55 ] 

A membership to the American Iris Society was received at 
the show, making a total of seven A.I.S. members in the Detroit 
Iris Society. 

Mrs. H. Hoyt Nissley, 
Chairman, Committee on Exhibits. 


The 22nd Annual Iris Show of the Takoma Horticultural Club 
in cooperation with the American Iris Society was fairly suc¬ 
cessful. I say “fairly” because in spite of heavy rain there was 
a fairly good number of entries and a fair-sized crowd—many 
of whom came from quite a distance. The attendance, both on 
Saturday and Sunday, was good in spite of the cold weather 
and heavy rains. 

Washington and nearby Maryland newspapers carried notices 
of the show, and copies of the show schedule were mailed to all 
A.I.S. members in Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia and the 
District of Columbia. 

The date of the Show was a week late for a number of ex¬ 
hibitors and early for others—a period of hot weather in April 
and early May brought some gardens along unusually early, 
while cold weather from the 8th to the 15th of May delayed 
bloom in other gardens. The show was held a week earlier than 
in 1937. 

The collection classes were as well filled as in 1937, but the 
specimen classes were short. This was due, no doubt, to the 
larger exhibitors cutting their exhibits before the deluge, while 
the rain ruined most of the bloom intended for color classes— 
a fact widely reported. 

The outstanding features of the show were the specimens of 
“Jelloway” and seedlings. Jelloway was selected the best flower 
in the sho)W. A seedling of W. T. Simmons, Jelloway X Tus¬ 
cany Gold, was recommended to the A.I.S. for “Highly Com¬ 
mended.” It is of unusual color and texture. 

H. R. Watkins, C. W. Culpeper, and R. H. Burtner judged the 
iris, H. J. Clay, President of the Woodridge Garden Club, 
judged the other flowers. J. Marion Shull exhibited several of 
his introductions. Professor J. B. Parker, breeder of Jelloway, 
was a visitor. 

Winn T. Simmons, Washington, D. C., was high point winner, 
with 12 first in the iris classes. C. G. Carr, Rockville, Maryland, 

[ 56 ] 

was second; J. A. Hyslop, Silver Springs, Maryland, third, and 
AY. H. Yonngman, Meadowwood, Silver Springs, Maryland, 
fourth. Mrs. E. F. Lines, of Takoma Park, Maryland, was high 
point winner in the artistic arrangement classes. 

Their scoring thus entitle— 

AY. T. Simmons to the Silver Medal of the American Iris 

C. G. Carr to the Bronze Medal of the American Iris Society. 

AY. H. Youngman to the Annual Membership of the American 
Iris Society. 

Major George P. Bush, Alta Avista, Maryland, won the root of 
“Jelloway” offered by Air. AV. T. Simmons to the exhibitor win¬ 
ning the most points in the specimen, collection and arrangement 
classes, exhibiting for the first time at a Takoma Iris Show. Mrs. 
E. P. Line, the bird bath offered by Mr. R. N. Shenk to the ex¬ 
hibitor winning the most points in the arrangement classes. Air. 
Ilyslop will receive a prize of iris roots in lieu of the member¬ 
ship, as he is now a member of the Society. 

For the Takoma Horticulture Club, and myself as Chairman 
of the show, I wish to express our appreciation of the cooperation 
of the American Iris Society. I hope that this cooperative rela¬ 
tionship will be continued—the shows should grow in size and in 
value as their reputation spreads. 

Chairman, Iris Show Committee. 


The Fifteenth Annual Greater Omaha Flower Show, sponsored 
by the Omaha Council of Garden Clubs and the Omaha World- 
IIerald, was held at the Municipal Auditorium on June 4th and 

For the second consecutive year the Iris Section of the show 
was sponsored by the American Iris Society, and the Bronze 
Aledal and the Membership in the American Iris Society was of¬ 
fered in this section. 

Because of the abnormally early iris season and because of the 
fact that the show room must be reserved well in advance of the 
show date, making it impossible to change the date, it was neces¬ 
sary to place much of the material to be exhibited in cold storage. 

The Sass brothers furnished a long table of specimen blooms 
as a courtesy educational exhibit. Henry E. Sass also exhibited 

[ 57 ] 

iii the 6, 12, 25 and 50 variety collection classes and took first 
place, which gave him the most points won by any exhibitor. He 
was awarded the Bronze Medal offered by the American h*is 

Mr. Fred Moliler won the American Iris Society membership 
with a very fine stalk of Raineses, which was judged the best in¬ 
dividual iris in the single stalk amateur specimen class. 

An equally fine stalk of Blue Monarch, exhibited by Henry Sass, 
was chosen as the best individual stalk in the commercial class. 

The iris judges were W. II. Dunman, Lincoln Nebr.; Mrs. 
M. A. Tinley, Council Bluff's, Iowa, and Henry Sass, of Omaha, 
Nebr. Mr. Sass, of course, stepped aside while the commercial 
section was being judged. Mrs. Ralph R. Ricker, Sioux City, 
Iowa, was also to have been a judge in the iris section but was 
drafted to judge in the arrangement section, where her services 
were equally valuable. 

The show, under the direction of Mrs. F. E. Winegar, was 
the most successful show ever held in Omaha. The attendance was 
well over the 5,000 mark and the 300 classes in the most complete 
schedule Ave have ever had, were well filled. We are most grate¬ 
ful to the American Iris Society for their cooperation and advice. 

Robert O. Clinefelter. 


Washington, D. C. 

One of the loveliest iris shows ever held around Greater Wash¬ 
ington Avas staged at the Sherwood Hall on May 9th. Forty-two 
exhibitors brought hundreds of entries of iris and other floAA r ers, 
and transformed the hall into a bower of beauty. 

The Avinner of the largest number of points in the iris classes 
Avas Mrs. A. L. Foster, who therebv won the American Iris Societ\ r 
Bronze Medal. Second high Avinner Avas Mr. W. T. Simmons, 
Takoma Park. Third high winner, carrying with it a year’s 
membership in the American Iris Society, Avas Mrs. Mary S. 

The “best iris in the sIioav” Avas adjudged to be a seedling en¬ 
tered by Professor J. B. Parker, originator of Jelloway. This 
seedling and tAvo others were recommended by the judges as 
“II. C.” (highly commended) to the American Iris Society. 

The “most artistic arrangement in the sIioav” Avas selected by 
the judges as an entry of Mrs. M. C. Kissinger. 

The judges were the following, all from the Department of 
Agriculture: Mr. J„ M. R. Adams, Mr. C. E. F. Gersdorff. Mr. J. 
Marion Shull and Mr. Howard R. Watkins. 

The chairman of the show, to whom much credit is due for its 
success, was Mrs. P. G. Nevitt. 

Harold J. Clay, 
President, Woodridge Garden Club. 


The St. Joseph Iris Show was held in conjunction with the 
South Side Garden Club’s Spring Flower Show in the King- 
Hall Masonic Temple on May 14-15. The show was original^ 
scheduled for May 21-22, but was moved up on account of the 
advanced season. We had ideal weather for both days of the show 
and the blooms were extra good. 

Dr. H. W. Schirmer won the American Iris Society Medal as 
Sweepstakes for scoring most points in the show. Mr. R. E. 
Borene won the Bronze Medal offered by the American Iris So¬ 
ciety. Miss Frankie Anderson won the A.I.S. membership for non¬ 
member scoring the largest number of points. 

E. A. Byous won the Mid-West Cup for the best specimen stalk 
in the show. It was a beautiful specimen of Los Angeles, on a 
forty-eight-inch stem with three blooms open. 

The winning blooms in their respective classes were as follows: 

Class 1.—White Self—First and second, Venus de Milo; third, 

Class 2.—White Plicata—First, Los Angeles; second, San Fran¬ 
cisco; third, Theodolinda. 

Class 3.—White Bi-color.—First, Rheintochter; second, Rene 
Cayeux; third, Mildred Presby. 

Class 4.—-Lavender, light and medium blue or mauve—First, 
Missouri; second, Princess Beatrice; third, Anakim. 

Class 5.—Lavender, light blue or mauve Bi-color—First, Cru¬ 
sader; second, King George; third, Buechley Giant. 

Class 6.—Dark blue, blue purple, red purple Self—First, Red 
Dominion; second, Tropic Seas; third, George J. Tribolet. 

Class 7.—Dark blue, blue purple, red purple Bi-color—First 
Nene; second, Majestic; third, Morning Splendor. 

Class 8.—Pink Self—-First, Pink Satin; second, Eros; third. 
Pink Opal. 

Class 9.—Pink Bi-color—First, Elizabeth Egelberg; second and 
third, Frieda Mohr. 

Class 10.-—'Red Self—First, Dauntless; second, Varese; third, 
Ella Winchester. 

Class 11.—Bed Bi-color—First, Bose Dominion; second and 
third, Indian Chief. 

Class 12.—Eight Blends—First, Golden Light; second, Evolu¬ 
tion ; third, President Pilkington. 

Class 13.-—Dark Blends—First, Spokan; second, Zuni; third, 
Depute Nomblot. 

Class 14.—Yellow Self—First, California Gold; second. Coro¬ 
nation ; third, Chromylla. 

Class 15.—Yellow Plicata—First, Chestnut; second, Loudoun; 
third, Chestnut. 

Class 16.—Yellow Bi-color or variegatas—First and second, 
Largo; third, King Juba. 

Class 17.—Arrangement of not more than 25 stalks in basket. 
This class brought out some wonderful specimens in different ar¬ 

Class 18.-—Ten stalks with own foliage in uniform containers 
furnished by the Club. This class drew quite a number of ex¬ 
hibitors and some very fine arrangements. 

Mr. J. II. Grinter, of Independence, Missouri, was the judge. 

Mrs. II. AV. Squirmer, 



The date of May 15th had been set for the Iris Show held in 
connection with the Spring Garden and Flower Show of Roanoke, 
but the unusually mild weather brought everything forward to 
snch a degree that the committee finally deemed it advisable to 
hold the show May 7th. Our schedule called for 38 classes of 
iris, six of which were for apogons, 22 for specimens, five for 
collections and five for artistic displays. 

In the apogon group, Mrs. Hugh M. Norwood won first in the 
Dutch iris section with a specimen of Jacob de Vitt; Miss Claudia 
Carter won a blue ribbon with a spike of Dorothea K. AVilliam- 
son, which she had some way persuaded to bloom early, and Mrs. 
Lawrence Davis won a first with a very fine bloom of a vellow 

Airs. George Steedman was awarded the Bronze Aledal of the 


American Iris Society, and Mrs. H. I. Johnson, Salem, Va., re¬ 
ceived the A.I.S. membership. 

Mr. J. P. Fishburn, who did not exhibit his iris, since he was 
judging, invited all those attending the show to visit his garden. 
Here were the newest varieties in bloom. 

The Roanoke Spring Garden and Flower Show Committee wish 
to express their deepest appreciation to the American Iris So¬ 
ciety for their expression of interest and cooperation in making 
the show a success. Mrs. J. W. Preston was chairman of the 

Mrs. George C. Steedman, 



The Sioux City Garden Club’s thirteenth annual Iris Show, held 
in cooperation with the American Iris Society May 26-27, was a 
very attractive exhibition with a good showing of iris of splendid 

Mr. Lawrence Craig, Salix, Iowa, was awarded the Silver Medai 
of the American Iris Society, receiving the highest number of 
points. Mr. A. J. Amsler was awarded the Bronze Medal for sec¬ 
ond place; Mrs. Ralph E. Ricker, third place, and Mr. Ralph E. 
Heath, fourth place. Mrs. Ricker and Mr. Heath received iris 
rhizomes as awards. The Sioux City Garden Club Trophy Cup 
was awarded to Mr. Amsler for his exhibit of EdgewoocI, judged 
the best specimen in the show. 

Mr. W. S. Snyder, Mr. B. N. Stephenson, and Mrs. J. A. Reid, 
Sioux City, and Mrs. Charles Whiting, Mapleton, Iowa, made 
beautiful non-competitive displays. Great interest was shown in 
two seedlings of Mrs. W. S. Snyder’s, which were recommended 
to the A.I.S. for a “Highly Commended.” The seedling named 
“Sioux City” is an even self of heliotrope coloring that retains 
its delicate rare beauty in any light, a proportionate flower, stand¬ 
ards retain their cupped uniformity the life of bloom, falls droop¬ 
ing, semi-flare. Stalk 36 inches in height and of sufficient size to 
support the large blooms. “Freeman” is the name selected for 
the other seedling. This introduction is a creditable iris of free 
blooming type. It is a clear medium lavender self, standards 
arched, met in cupped form, falls ovate, slightly flared. The 
blooms are evenly spaced on half of the 40-incli branching stalk. 

[ 61 ] 

Dr. Harry H. Everett, Lincoln, Nebr., and Mrs. L. W. Kellogg, 
West Hartford, Conn., were the judges, and Mrs. Ralph E. Ricker, 

Mrs. R. F. Hunter, 



The Chicago Iris Show of the Midwest Horticulture Society 
was held May 28, 29 and 30 in the Garfield Park Conservatory. 

The Silver Medal of the American Iris Society for high point 
score was awarded to Mr. W. J. Lapins (non-commercial). The 
Bronze Medal was won by Mr. Robert II. Gore, Evergreen Farm, 
Lake Zurick, Ill., for high score points in the commercial divi¬ 
sion. The annual membership in the American Iris Society was 
awarded to Mr. E. J. Streichert. 

One seedling was selected to be recommended to the A.T.S. for 
“Honorable Mention.” It was a bronze red No. 34-37, by Dr. 
A. C. Wilhelm, and it received the five votes for “Honorable 
Mention. ’ ’ 

The accredited judges who served in the Iris Show were Mr. 
David Hall, Dr. Franklin Cook, Dr. A. C. Wilhelm, Mr. E. G. 
Lapham, Mr. W. F. Christman, Mrs. Silas B. Waters, Mrs. Delia 
M. Bach and Mrs. Fred H. Clutton. 

We wish to express our appreciation to the American Iris So¬ 
ciety for their cooperation in the Chicago Iris Show. 

Mrs. Frank C. Lambert, 



Because of the fact that the Sioux Falls Flower Show probably 
will not be held until June 12 or 14, depending what the weather 
does for the peonies, it will be impossible to make preparations 
necessary for an iris show in cooperation with the American Iris 

Interest in iris culture is on the increase here. I thank the 
American Iris Society for offering their assistance and I believe 
that the work of helping to promote a show here will be worth 

T. M. Bailey, 


Due to weather conditions, we were forced to call off our iris 
show. However, we had an exhibit rather than a show at the 
Hermitage Hotel, but this consisted almost entirely of beardless 
iris and other flowers and contained no competitive entries what¬ 
ever. The freeze we had on April 2nd and April 9tli practically 
ruined all bloom. In the outlying section it was about 10 to 20 
per cent of normal, and in town about 40 to 50 per cent. Also 
very warm weather came immediately after the freeze, so that 
the iris which did escape, all bloomed early. The result was that 
we had an iris week with practically no iris. 

J. E. Willis, 


It appeared that perhaps our date of June 6th was going to be 
a little late for an iris show, and after conferring with most of 
the iris fans, we thought that there would not be enough entries 
to enable us to have the required number of classes in order to 
have the American Iris Society cooperate with us. Iris in general 
were not as good here as last year. There seemed to have been 
more than the unusual amount of winter injury and loss, also 
there was far too much rain this spring. However, on the date 
of the show, we were agreeably surprised by the large number of 
entries, many more than last year and of very high quality. There 
could easily have been several more classes than we had sched¬ 
uled. Robert Schreiner, of St. Paul, Minn., was the judge, and he 
spoke very highly of the show. 

Nearly 600 bottles were required to stage the exhibit. On the 
day of the show there were over 600 visitors and they were from 
23 states, two Canadian Provinces and two foreign countries. I 
believe that there is now interest, so that next year we can hold 
a show in cooperation with the A.I.S. 

II. C. Coventry, 



We have no report on the Freeport Iris Show other than the 
names of the winners. Mrs. Norman C. Sleezer was awarded the 
Silver Medal offered bv the American Iris Society. 

[63 1 


The Sixth Annual Iris Show of the Niagara Falls Garden Club 
was held Saturday and Sunday, June 5th and 6th, in the historic 
Cataract House. Named varieties were displayed on long tables 
set at right angles to the east wall of the dining room. Artistic 
arrangement and commercial displays were spaced throughout 
the room. 

Warm weather early in the spring had advanced many iris, 
so that many varieties were not available at show time. There 
were 175 entries in the named classes, a reduction from the last 
two vears. 

Mi \s. Bess L. Shippy, of Edgewood Iris Gardens, Rockport, 
N. Y., won the American Iris Society Silver Medal for the best 
display of iris. She exhibited 70 varieties, all in excellent con¬ 
dition. The American Iris Societv Bronze Medal, for the most 
points in the named varieties classes, was won by R. E. Kazanjieff, 
Capt. C. Iv. Bassett and Mr. C. Ivryder were tied for second place. 

Mr. Kazan jieff won the Buffalo Evening News Prize for the 
best iris in the show, with “Sir Michael.” Capt. Bassett won the 
Allen Milling Cup for the best blue iris, and the Allport Nursery 
Cup for the best white iris in the show. Ilis “Royal Beauty,” 
which won the first cup, carried perfect florets, all that could 
be desired in this color. Gudrun won for him over the other 

Mr. C. Ivryder won the American Iris Society membership for 
the largest number of entries in the named classes. 

Mr. Frederick Stuntz, Tip-Top Gardens, Snyder, N. Y., and 
Mrs. R. C. Miline, Samborn, N. Y., judged the named varieties, 
and Mrs. Raymond Hein, Lancaster, N. Y., judged the artistic 
arrangements. Mr. R. A. Ivazanjieff w r as chairman of the show. 

Dr. H. L. Robson, 

Publicity Chairman. 


The Duluth Peony and Iris Society held its Tenth Annual Iris 
Show in the Duluth Citv Hall on Thursday and Friday, June 
23rd and 24th. The following committee was in charge of gen¬ 
eral arrangements: Mrs. John F. Thompson, chairman; Mrs. Rob¬ 
ert Oppel, co-chairman; Mrs. W. II. Beyere, secretary, and Mr. 
Harry Reynolds, Miss Nancy Finch, Mrs. Fred Roedter, Mr. 
Conrad Schlamann and Mr. Arnold Jacobson. 

[ 64 ] 

Iii spite of the heavy losses during the year, due to winter 
killing and a severe hail storm on June 10th, that snapped off 
many of the blooming stalks, a very lovely show was staged. There 
were more exhibitors than usual and the flowers were exception¬ 
ally fine. More interest was shown in the specimen classes. We 
tried a new plan for scoring in this class. Prizes were given ac¬ 
cording to point score (5-3-1), the exhibitor winning the most 
points received the best prize, with prizes for each exhibitor ac¬ 
cording to the points won. 

Mrs. Gottfrida Swenson won the A.I.S. membership, scoring 
the most points in the specimen classes. Mrs. Robert J. Oppel 
was awarded the Bronze Medal of the American Iris Society, win¬ 
ning the most points in the entire show. Mrs. Oppel exhibited 
the most outstanding iris in the show, a splendid stalk of Mrs. 
Valerie West. The Silver Loving Cup given by the Duluth Her¬ 
ald and News-Tribune was permanently won by Miss Nancy Pinch, 
who exhibited the most outstanding collection in the show. This 
cup had to be won three times before it Avas permanently won. 

Mrs. J. P. Thompson, 



It has been a noticeable feature of our local shows that the ar¬ 
rangement classes have been neglected. This I felt has been due 
to the fact that judges Avere nearly always flower growers and 
awarded prizes not so much for artistic arrangements as for the 
amount of fertilizer and culture the floAvers received. Invariably 
the prize Avent to the largest and best grown or the basket stuffed 
with the most stalks. 

It was incredible that exhibitors of taste or those capable of 
using the restraint necessary in flower arrangement would not 
exhibit in these classes. This unfortunate state of affairs Avas 
happily remedied at our recent Iris SIioav. We were fortunate in 
being able to persuade Miss Eva Bradshaw, a floAver painter of 
national reputation, and Mr. C. Bice, also an artist of ability, to 
judge the decorative classes. 

If this policy of “every man to his own trade” is continued, 
it will mean that a big step forward has been made by our show 

These remarks are not made with the intent of hurting anyone’s 
feelings. We all feel that our taste is as good as the next fel¬ 
lows and naturally resent being told that someone else knows 

[ 65 ] 

more than we know. Too often it is taken for granted that a 
flower grower also knows how to arrange flowers. Brickmakers 
are not necessarily good architects. We do not encroach upon the 
field of the surgeon, lawyer or engineer except in a minor way. 
But we all seem to assume a knowledge of art that is not justified 
and for the artist there are no laws to keep ns in onr place and to 
see that he is dominant in affairs of art as the surgeon is in sur¬ 
gical matters. 

It is often advisable to change judges, so regardless of the 
ability of flower growers to judge arrangements of flowers, let us 
use artists, especially flower painters, if they can be obtained. 
The result may surprise you and give you new ideas. 

Anyway, we had a dandy show. Many thanks to the American 
Iris Society for their cooperation. 

L. W. Cousins, Chairman. 

Although requests for cooperation were made by Iowa City, 
Iowa, and Pasadena, California, and although both were listed 
and did not send notification of withdrawal, no reports have been 


Mrs. H. Hoyt Nissley, 142 Puritan Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

W. T. Simmons, 518 Aspen St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Dr. W. H. 'Shirmer, 5701 S. 2nd St., St. Joseph, Mo. 

Lawrence Craig, iSalix, Iowa. 

Mrs. Norman C. Sleezer, 1019 W. Stephenson St., Freeport, Ill. 
Bess L. Shippy, 536 Willow St., Lockport, N. Y. 

W. J. Lapins, 153 Chandler St., Chicago, Ill. 


Edgar S. Beck, 1105 W. Mississippi Ave., Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Mrs. C. W. Naass, Detroit, Mich. 

C. G. Carr, R. D. No. 2, Rockville, Maryland. 

Henry E. Sass, No. 7 Benson Sta., Omaha, Nebr. 

A. J. Amsler, 4052 Madison Ave., Sioux City, Iowa. 

Mrs. A. L. Foster, 2229 Quincy St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 

R. E. Borene, R. D. No. 4, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Robert H. Gore, Jr., Evergreen Farm, Lake Zurich, Ill. 

Mrs. Robert J. Oppel, 4523 McCulluch St., Duluth, Minn. 

R. A. Kazanjieff, 416 12th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Mrs. George C. Steedman, 1220 Oregon Court, Roanoke, Ya. 

Mrs. L. W. Cousins, London, Ontario, Canada. 


Mrs. George Laning, 2226 LaSalle Gardens, South, Detroit, Mich. 
Fred 11. Mohler, 2310 S. 40th St., Omaha, Nebr. 

W. H. Youngman, Meadowwood, R. D. No. 2, Silver Spring, Md. 
Mrs. Mary S. Porter, 3118 18th St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 
Mrs. T. C. Betterton, 367 S. Crest Road, Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Miss Frankie Anderson, St. Joseph, Mo. 

E. J. Streicheit, 1714 N. Crawford Ave., Chicago, Ill. 

Chas. L. Kryder, 2433 Michigan Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Mrs. Gottfrida Swenson, 2001 Jefferson St., Duluth, Minn. 

Mrs. II. I. Johnson, 157 High St., Salem, Ya. 

[ 66 ] 


New since list in No. 67 or omitted in error from that list 

Acree, Mrs. Russell, R. R. No. 4, Dayton, Ohio. 

Allen, Mrs. George G., R. F. D., Salisbury, Md. 

Althans, Mrs. E. H., 151 Rhode Island Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

Armistead, Miss Elizabeth, 34 Edgehill, Little Rock, Ark. 

Avis, Mr. Floyd D., 1006 W. Washington, Jackson, Mich. 

Ayers, Mrs. Win. L., 3921 Davis Ave., Sioux City, Iowa. 

Babb, Mrs. C. A., 300 West Meek St., Abingdon, Ill. 

Ball, Mr. J. C., 5729 Go vane Ave., Baltimore, Md. 

Barnett, Mrs. H. N., % Health Unit, Benton, Louisiana. 

Barth, Mrs. John W., 5015 California St., Omaha, Neb. 

Bartlett, Mr. C. C., 4118 North 26th St., Omaha, Nebr. 

Baxter, Mrs. J. Harry, 300 Lighthouse Rd., Gordon Heights, Wilmington, 

Bell, Mrs. James W., Tanglewood Farm, Route 2, Paris, Texas. 

Bent, Mr. Harold T., Edgell Rd., Framingham, Mass. 

Bernard, Mr. Roger, 11 Stanford Pl., Montclair, N. J. 

Betterton, Mrs. T. C., 368 S. Crest Rd., Chattanooga, Term. 

Binger, Dr. M. W., 1219 6th St., S. W., Rochester, Minn. 

Birge, Mr. C. A., 311 Southeast 41st St., Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Black, Mr. Frank R., 366 Marsh St., Belmont, Mass. 

Black, Miss Mary, 1616 Dean Ave., Highland Park, Ill. 

Blakeslee, Miss A. M., Route No. 4, Nampa, Idaho. 

Bomar, Mrs. Boise S., 1070 Cascade Rd., Atlanta, Ga. 

Boyd, Mrs. Edmund, 71 Highland Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 

Broe, Mrs. Edgar Peter, Tarboro, North Carolina. 

Bucknam, Mrs. Suzann, 1247 Fairmount Ave., Council Bluffs, Iowa. 
Buneaux, Mr. John A., 8331 Constance Ave., Chicago, Ill. 

Bush, Major George P., 65 Beech Ave., Bethesda, Md. 

Bush, Mrs. R. L., 732 Chapman St., San Jose, Calif. 

Byous, Mr. E. A., 817 Garden St., St. Joseph, Mo. 

Caillett, Mrs. Laura, 4904 Lovers Lane, Dallas, Texas. 

Campbell, Mrs. J. S., Clearview Farm, R. D. 1, Butler, Pa. 

Campbell, Miss Mary R., 40 Summit Ave., Bronxville, N. Y. 

Cappeller, Mr. Edward B., 1731 El Cerrito PL, Hollywood, Calif. 

Carruth, Mr. Charles M., 354 Brook St., Worcester, Mass. 

Carter, Miss Ashley C., 2605 Gosnold Ave., Norfolk, Ya. 

Chambers, Mr. James L., 408 Railroad Ave., Wilmette, Ill. 

Chapman, Mr. A. E., 265 Piccadilly St., London, Ontario, Canada. 
Christiansen, Mrs. Charles A., 1565 Luling St., Mobile, Ala. 

Clarke, Mr. George F., 606 Philadelphia St., Covington, Ky. 

[ 67 ] 

Cleckler, Mr. Fred, Sand Springs State Bank, Sand Springs, Okla. 

Cleveland, Mrs. Frances E., Sunnybrook Iris Garden, Eatontown, N. J. 
Clevenger, Mr. Lewis, 825 E. Patterson Ave., Kirksville, Mo. 

Clum, Mrs. Harold H., Cliappaqna, N. Y. 

Cobb, Mrs. George R., Salisbury, Md. 

Cochran, Mr. W. R., 1307 Praetorian Bldg., Dallas, Texas. 

Cole, Miss Emelene M., 2019 W. Cherokee, Enid, Okla. 

Collier, Mr. H. L., 101 County Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

Conner, Mr. P. J., P. O. Box 52, Montgomery, Ala. 

Colquitt, Mrs. Walter, 487 Albany, Shreveport, La. 

Conway, Mr. Henry N., 2111 State St., Little Rock, Ark. 

Crook, Mr. M., Box 985, Stanford University, Calif. 

Cummings, Mrs. K. G., 221 Washington St., Klamath Falls, Ore. 

Dailey, Mr. L. M., Conservatory of Music, Yankton Col., Yankton, S. Dak. 
Day, Mr. W. L., 2037 Goodrich Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 

Derr, Mrs. Ralph H., 79 N. Main St., Medford, N. J. 

Dittman, Mr. W. Jay, 16721 Kentfield Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

Donnon, Miss Caroline, Chestnut, Louisiana. 

Dudley, Mrs. Allen, 1500 North Broadway, Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Dunbar, Mrs. Edwin C., 115 Flanders St., Rochester, N. Y. 

Edwards, Mrs. John M., Box 552, Morgan Hill, Calif. 

Ellyson, Dr. Craig D., 801-803 Black Bldg., Waterloo, Iowa. 

Elms, Mr. J. Stealey, Kensington, Md. 

Faught, Miss Eva E., Carbondale, Ill. 

Fenninger, Mr. C. W., 100 W. Moreland Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ferger, Mrs. Herman, Ferger Place, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Fiedler, Mr. Svend G., Rosehill, Claygate, Surrey, England. 

Flory, Mr. Wilmer B., 1533 Meadlawn, Logansport, Ind. 

Fogg, Mrs. Florence W., Hillhouse, Farmington, Maine. 

Fretwell, Mrs. Raymond, 841 West North Ave., Anderson, S. C. 

Garrett, Mrs. Frank JI., 244 Fifth Ave., Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Gaulter, Mr. L. A., 1203 S. Grant, Chanute, Kansas. 

Gehrs, Mrs. John II., 336 N. Park Ave., Cape Girardeau, Mo. 

George, Mrs. Arnold P., 78 Chestnut St., Haverhill, Mass. 

Gibbons, Mr. Thomas, 1500 Forest Ave., Wilmette, Illinois. 

Gilliam, Mr. R. A., 1123 Cedar Hill Ave., Sta. A, Dallas, Texas. 

Goddard, Mrs. T. N., Tedmarleigh, Old Bennington, Vt. 

Gordon, Mrs. J. I., 28 Alpine Ave., Hamilton, Ohio. 

Gore, Mr. R. II., Jr., Evergreen Farms, Lake Zurich, Ill. 

Gould, Mr. J. Elliot, 460 E. 3rd St., Spencer, Iowa. 

Gutshall, Mrs. G. A., R. F. D. No. 1, Booneville, Iowa. 


American Gardener’s Association, L. E. Bird, Secy., 1918 Lake Ave., 
Wilmette, Ill. 

Barnesville Garden Club, % Public Library, Barnesville, Ohio. 

Berwyn Garden Club, Berwyn, Pa. (Mrs. Jos. W. Sharp, Jr., Horticul¬ 
tural Chairman). 

[ 68 ] 

Garden Dept. Dubuque Woman’s Club, Mrs. C. E. Bradley, Secy., 752 
Julien Ave., Dubuque, Iowa. 

Garden Study Club, % Mrs. M. A. Montgomery, 3212 West End Ave., 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Ohio Association of Garden Clubs, Mr. Victor H. Kies, Secy., Ohio 
State Univ., Columbus, Ohio. 

Park Bidge Garden Club, Mrs. C. K. Bruning, 125 N. Washington St., 
Park Bidge, Ill. 

Bacine Garden Club, Bacine Public Library, Bacine, Wise. 

San Jose Iris Society, % Mrs. B. W. Wagener, Pres., 211 S. 21st St., 
San Jose, Calif. 

Tuesday Garden Club, Mrs. John Newhall, Garfield and Highland 
Aves., Aurora, Illinois. 

West Side Flower Show Club, C. H. Frick, Pres., 296 Elver St., Kings¬ 
ton, Pa. 

Woodridge Garden Club, Pres. Harold J. Clay, 2603 Monroe St., N. E., 
Washington, D. C. 

Hague, Miss Marian, 33 East 68th St., New York, N. Y. 

Hall, Mrs. Graham B., 32 Edgehill Little Bock, Ark. 

Handlin, Air. Scott D., Sturgis, S. Dak. 

Harnell, Mrs. Arthur, Lilac Lodge, Salem, Wis. 

Harrison, Dr. Jamison B., Tufts College, Mass. 

Hartung, Mr. Albert E., 415 Center Ave., West View, Pa. 

Hatton, Mr. B. Marion, Box 687 Al.P.O., Harrisburg, Pa. 

Haun, Air. Harry Lee, 535 Tulsa St., Norman, Okla. 

Haywood, Air. Bryan, P. O. Box No. 365, Monrovia, Calif. 

Heath, Mr. Balph E., 4126 Monroe St., Sioux City, Iowa. 

Heimer, Mrs. Elsie, 15538 Ventura Blvd., Van Nuys, Calif. 

Henkels, Mr. Bobert, Henkels & McCoy, 446 Church Lane, Germantown, Pa. 
Hicklin, Air. M. D., Box 869, Columbia, S. C. 

Hill, Mr. Percy W., Palisades, New York. 

Hill, Mrs. Walton H., 1512 South Hull St., Montgomery, Ala. 

Holman, Mrs. D. O., Timmonsville, S. C. 

Horton, Mr. Byron Barnes, 416 S. Main St., Sheffield, Pa. 

Hritsco, Mr. Basil, Valier, Mont. 

Humphrey, Airs. E. W., Belmont Bond, Butler, Pa. 

Humphrey, Mrs. J. Willard, 11 Alanor Ave., Claymont, Delaware. 

Hustler, Air. John W., 573 Carson Ave., Perth Amboy, N. J. 

Imhoff, Miss Gertrude E., 3335 Mono Ave., Fresno, Calif. 

Jackson, Air. Brinton, Boute 1-A, Ivalispell, Mont. 

Johnson, Mrs. H. I., 157 High St., Salem, A^a. 

Johnson, Dr. William J., 1105 Luhrs Tower, Phoenix, Arizona. 

Jones, Mr. A. B., 210 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. 

Jones, Airs. E. F., 292 East Main St., Gallatin, Tenn. 

Jones, Aliss Eleanor P., 247 Mill St., Haverhill, Mass. 

[ 69 ] 

Jones, Mr. R. H., Tuckdawa Gardens, Peru, Indiana. 

Jones, Mrs. Stephen W., 4325 Erie Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Jordan, Miss Claredia, 3811 10th Ave., Kenosha, Wis. 

Kazanjieff, Mr. Radomir A., 416 Twelfth St., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
Kennedy, Mr. J. C., 517 Loucks Ave., Peoria, Ill. 

Knoepp, Mrs. M. H., Provost Ed., R. D. No. 6, Box 97, Pittsburgh (10) Pa 
Kryder, Mr. Chas. L., 2423 Michigan Ave., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Ladew, Mr. Harry S., Pleasant Valley Farm, Monkton, Md. 

Landen, Mrs. George R., 3668 Washington Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Laning, Mrs. George, 2226 La Salle Gardens, South, Detroit, Mich. 

Leckie, Mrs. Stewart, Sundial Bulb Gardens, High Ridge, Stamford, Conn. 
Lee, Mr. Frederic P., 6915 Glenbrook Rd., Bethesda, Md. 

Lemmon, Mr. Robert S., Ponns Ridge, New Canaan, Conn. 

Library, Connecticut State College, Storrs, Conn. 

Lickly, Mrs. Lena, Lickly’s Iris Garden, Hudson, Michigan. 

Lyell, Mr. R. L., 2103 N Street, Auburn, Nebr. 

McElhannon, Mrs. R. L., Jefferson, Ga. 

McReynolds, Mrs. M. E., Rice, Washington. 

McReybolds, Mrs. R. L., 1121 Circle Park, Knoxville, Tenn. 

Macarow, Mr. F. G., % C. & P. Telephone Co., 725 Thirteenth St., N. W., 
Washington, D. C. 

MacDonald, Mrs. Laurie Scott, 257 Prospect St., Brockton, Mass. 

Magill, Mrs. Dan, 282 Cherokee Ave., Athens, Ga. 

Mann, Dr. F. C., Institute Hills, Rochester, Minn. 

Marx, Mr. Walter E., The Court House, The Dalles, Oregon. 

Mathews, Mrs. W. R., 447 Albany St., Shreveport, La. 

Maxham, Mrs. W. H., 1608 Alder, Eugene, Oregon. 

Means, Mrs. T. M., Warrensburg, Mo. 

Merritt, Mrs. E. W., McKinney, Texas. 

Metzger, Mr. Charles, 5202 Alum Rock Ave., San Jose, Calif. 

Milam, Mr. Carl II., 2608 Orrington Ave., Evanston, Ill. 

Millice, Dr. G. S., Battle Creek, Iowa. 

Mills, Mr. Zelle F., Bartlett, Illinois. 

Moffatt, Mr. W. J., 170 Delaware Ave., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. 

Mohler, Mr. Fred, 2310 S. 40th St., Omaha, Nebr. 

Mueller, Mr. Louis II., 1863 East Duarte Road, San Gabriel, Calif. 

Mullock, Mr. A. C., Waterdown, Ontario, Canada. 

Newcomb, Mrs. Guy H., Lapidea Hills, Wallingford, Pa. 

Nichols, Mrs. II. A., Box 338, Chillicothe, Texas. 

Norris, Mrs. D. L., 605 Pendleton St., Greenville, South Carolina. 

Nugent, Mr. Walter M., 235 Nunda Blvd., Rochester, N. Y. 

O’Dea, Mr. Mark, Millwood, N. Y. 

Oppel, Mrs. Robert J., 4523 McCulloch St., Duluth, Minn. 

Padgitt, Mrs. Edgar, 1020 Commerce St., Dallas, Texas. 

Peck, Mr. Albert E., 81 Arlington St., Framingham, Mass. 

Perkins, Mr. Merritt H., 2235 Fairfax St., Denver, Colo. 

Peterson, Mr. A. M., 501 Highland Rd., Pottstown, Pa. 

Petteys, Mrs. Chas. C., 231 North Main St., Bowling Green, Ohio. 
Porter, Mrs. M. H., 528 Deery St., Shelbyville, Tenn. 

Porter, Mrs. Mary S., 3118 18th St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 
Pullar, Mr. Charles, 6727 Alonzo Ave., N. W., Seattle, Wash. 

Race, Mrs. Edward, Herkimer, New York. 

Ragan, Dr. W. F., 4936 N. Woodburn St.", Milwaukee, Wis. 

Read, Mrs. Roland, 1308 E. Washington St.., Bloomington, Ill. 
Rennie, Mr. James, 1374 Spalding, Sheridan, Wyoming. 

Richards, Mrs. D. E., Box 128, Union, Oregon. 

Rogers, Mr. Ralph, 631 Haight Ave., Alameda, Calif. 

Rose, Mr. J. C., R. No 4, Russellville, Ark. 

Rosecrance, Mr. J. L., 14997 Bringard Drive, Detroit, Mich. 

Ross, Mr. Alexander M., 113 Brisbin St., London, Ontario, Can. 
Rulien, Mr. M. W., 203 S. Eastern Ave., Joliet, Ill. 

Rush, Mrs. James F., Box 488, Austin, Minn. 

Rust, Mrs. W. F., Leesburg, Ya. 

Saunders, Mrs. D. H., 1021 West 13th, Pine Bluff, Ark. 

Saylor, Mr. Henry H., Bay Ave., Huntington, N. Y. 

Schaefer, Mrs. H. W., 4321 Taft Road, Kenosha, Wis. 

Schneider, Mrs. Herman A., 6006 Clover Rd., Baltimore, Md. 
Shank, Mrs. Nancy L., 117 E. Olive St., Corona, Calif. 

Shapleigh, Mrs. A. Wessell, 23 Fordyce Lane, Clayton, Mo. 

Sharp, Miss Estelle L., Berwyn, Pa. 

Simmonds, Mr. Donald, R. D. No. 5, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Sir, Mr. Walter W., 4847 Dakin St., Chicago, Ill. 

Skeen, Mrs. Russell, 718 Pine St., Hannibal, Mo. 

Slauter, Mrs. C. R., 2400 Barnard Ave., Waco, Texas. 

Smith, Mrs. Chas. H., Box 73, Burnet Woods Sta., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Smith, Mrs. C. W., Jr., R. F. D., Esorn Hill, Ga. 

Smith, Mrs. Harvey L., East Nicholaus, Calif. 

Smith, Miss Myra V., 1358 Thorndale Ave., Chicago, Ill. 

Smith, Capt. Nathan A., 42 Jackson St., Ayer, Mass. 

Smith, Mrs. Sidney W., R. D. No. 2, Twin Falls, Idaho. 
Smitherman, Mrs. James E., 3751 Fairfield Ave., Shreveport, La. 
Snyder, Mrs. Myrtle, 215 11th Ave., Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Spang, Mr. C. E., Box 709, Butler, Pa. 

Steinmetz, Mr. K. E., Mercantile Bldg., Knoxville, Tenn. 

Stephens, Mr. Webb J., 5000 Wyoming Ave., Nashville, Tenn. 
Stevens, Mr. W. H., 2919 Boulevard, Hampton, Ya. 

Stockwell, Mr. Wm. D., 1507 E. Olive St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Strang, Mrs. W. C., 36 Gould Ave., Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Streichert, Mr. E. J., 1747 N. Crawford Ave., Chicago, Ill. 

Strobel, Mr. Larry, 2429 N. 26th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Sullivan, Mrs. J. B., Jr., 511 Chestnut Hill Ave., Brookline, Mass. 

Swantak, Mr. John, Box 61, South Ivortright, N. Y. 

Swenson, Mrs. Gottfrida, 2001 Jefferson St., Duluth, Minn. 

Swick, Mr. E. E., 415 S. 4th St., St. Charles, Ill. 

Taliaferro, Miss Mary, 1854 Schiller Ave., Little Bock, Ark. 

Tatman, Mrs. Donald, 204 W. 19th St., Pine Bluff, Ark. 

Taylor, Mr. Carl C., 1519 Tippecanoe St., San Bernardino, Calif. 

Tener, Mrs. Bobert W., Schellsburg, Pa. 

Tharp, Mrs. Mary F., 445 N. 7th St., Fayette, Idaho. 

Thomford, Mr. Harold, 616 Pine St., Crookston, Minn. 

Thompson, Mr. P. J., Stambaugh-Thompson Co., Youngstown, Ohio. 
Thompson, Mrs. B. A., B. 5, Box 397, Dallas, Texas. 

Thorne, Miss Mary, 4703 Boss Ave., Dallas, Texas. 

Toland, Mr. George K., P. O. Box 936, Tyler, Texas. 

Towns, Mr. George T., 371 Central Ave., Lawrence, Long Island, N. Y. 

Vear, Miss B-ose, 10227 Wood St., Chicago, Ill. 

Yeasey, Mrs. Arthur H., 5 Windsor St., Haverhill, Mass. 

Vlasaty, Mr. George F., 3624 Morton Ave., Brookfield, Ill. 

Waller, Mr. William, Jr., Ill West Monroe St., Chicago, Ill. 

Walker, Mr. M. B., B. D. No. 2, Box 328, Ventura, Calif. 

Washington, Mr. T. A., 1700 18th Ave., S., Nashville, Tenn. 

Waters, Mr. Donald G., Elmore, Ohio. 

Watters, Mrs. T. B., 1217 Pacific Terrace, Ivlamath Falls, Oregon. 

Watson, Mr. Howard, 602 Bellevue St., Cape Girardeau, Mo. 

Webb, Mrs. T. N., Hillsboro, N. C. 

Webber, Mrs. Bichard, 429 Lake Shore Bd., Grosse Pointe Farms, Mich. 
Wells, Mr. Edward, Jr., 28 W. South St., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

White, Mr. Edward L., Fort Atkinson, Wis. 

White, Miss Karin A., Juniper Knoll, Kittery Point, Me. 

Whiting, Mr. Charles G., Mapleton Trust & Savings Bank, Mapleton, Iowa. 
Whitmer, Mrs. LeBoy, 1402 E. Washington St., Bloomington, Ill. 

Wildman, Dr. S. F., 316 Medical Arts Bldg., Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Wilker, Mr. Arthur V., 10 Kensington Bd., Scarsdale, N. Y. 

Williams, Miss Lucy E., 4558 Grand Ave., Western Springs, Ill. 

Willis, Mr. F. Gordon, 1214 Willow Ave., Independence, Mo. 

Wilson, Mr. Wilbur, 121 South Boulder, Tulsa, Okla. 

Winchester, Mr. Chas. M., Jr., % J. B. Lyon Co., Albany, N. Y. 

Winter, Mr. Frank G., 18 South Madison St., Hinsdale, Ill. 

Winston, Mrs. Arthur A., 420 South Arlington Ave., Springfield, Ohio. 
Wolhowe, Mr. Frederick, Verendry, North Dakota. 

Woolner, Mrs. S. A., Washington Grove, Md. 

Worcester, Mrs. Christine, 17 Worcester St., Bridgewater, Mass. 

Wright, Mrs. Edward B., 728 Don Gaspar Ave., Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

Youngman, Mr. W. H., Meadowood, B. D. 2, Silver Springs, Md. 



Comments With a Bang! 

GAP FOR INTRODUCTIONS. The scheme to hold down reg¬ 
istrations, the product of a few commercial members, by charg¬ 
ing a dollar fee for each registration will limit the field to breed¬ 
ers with a financial background. Amateur members who breed, 
for the fun they get out of it and who wish to name their 
products so as not to conflict with existing names, most of whom 
have no interest beyond this, will be frozen out. What will be 
the result? It is true that the number of registrations will be 
limited. But in what way does this help to keep our iris nomen¬ 
clature free of name duplication, or reduce introductions? It 
does not follow that breeders who cannot or will not pay the 
“fine” will cease to breed and name their seedlings. In fact, 
they will do as many gladioli breeders did, fail to pay the reg¬ 
istration “fine’ 7 and continue to name and also introduce new 
varieties, which in many instances were duplicates of names 
formally registered for those paying the ‘ 1 fine, 7 7 for fine it will be. 

I have spent a number of years in gaining the almost whole- 
hearted support of the great majority of world breeders. There 
are still a few here and abroad who do not “play ball. 7 ’ A fee 
will but increase the number without the fold and soon we shall 
have another nomenclature mess, ad. inf. 

Why so much bother about the number registered? There are 
still some few breeders who find it difficult to secure names simply 
because they are too lazy to look for them. There are but few of 
the amateur breeders who register extensively and have introduced 
any that have not been approved in advance by some commercial 
grower. Personally, I have registered many and have intro¬ 
duced but a relative few. None are planned for future introduc¬ 
tion which do not meet with the approval of some commercial 
grower of standing. This I believe is the policy of most breed¬ 
ers who are not commercially inclined. 

The suggestion that we limit registration to those approved 
after test in a trial plot or two or three, or after a rating by 10 

[ 73 ] 

or more judges in three regions—well life is actually too short for 
that sort of thing. What would such tests prove when we have 
only to read the varying reports on new things as grown in differ¬ 
ent localities to see that such tests to be of value would necessi¬ 
tate trials in too many places? Who will undertake the expense 
of providing the necessary plants for such tests ? By the time 
the tests are completed the variety will have been superseded by 
a better seedling, either by the same breeder or another. Who 
will take the loss? The ultimate buyer? Certainly not the 
breeder, for even as it is he usually takes it on the chin. 

The guy who scuttles the work of this registration committee 
by putting through any such asinine schemes must take the 
pleasure of the Chairmanship of this committee. 

Why can’t Bulletins come out on time? Perhaps if you get 
nervous prostration just waiting for the next issue, you would 
give up the ghost entirely if you had the work of getting mate¬ 
rial together. Do not forget that these editors are giving freely 
of their spare time to compose these Bulletins. If you want 
more Bulletins go out and get more members. 

Chas. E. F. Gersdorff 

From Indiana 

Last year due to the drouth we only had about one-third 
normal bloom, but this year we had the heaviest bloom we have 
ever had, some varieties bloomed from almost every rhizome. 

I wish to give a few notes on the Midwest Iris Show of last 
year and also some gardens before telling about this year’s iris. 

At the Chicago show I saw two spikes of The Red Douglas 
and thought them very fine. Gudrun also showed up lovely. 

Mr. Hall had some lovely seedlings at the show—a lovely 
light blue which Mr. Cooley bought and is introducing as Modiste. 

Dr. Wilhelm had a lovely brown blend, a Zuni seedling. 

At Mr. Hall’s garden I saw Spring Prom, Salutation, and 
others. 1 also saw an apricot seedling open that I have thought 
about all winter and when I was at Mr. Hall’s last week he told 
me that Mr. Schreiner bought the complete stock. It will be 
introduced next year as May Day, and is a decided break in color. 

I then went with a party of iris lovers to Mrs. Pattison’s and 
as usual she had a lovely collection of named varieties, also some 
new seedlings. Of the yellows I saw Tasmania, Golden Hind 

Naranja, Happy Days, and Eilah and a new seedling that she 
told me later she had bought and named Ming Yellow. It is 
indeed a new addition to our yellow class and one most people 
that see will wish to have. 

Our blooming season this year was about three weeks early. 
On May 1st our garden was in full bloom. W. R. Dykes started 
to bloom April 24. 

On April 8 we had rain, snow and sleet with a half inch of 
ice and still the iris came through, showing what iris will do. 
Just a few notes on some named varieties. For a white, Parthe¬ 
non was certainly lovely, blooming four weeks and one two-year 
plant had thirteen bloom spikes. 

Of the yellows, Naranja, Eilah and Happy Days were best and 
all so different that any garden can stand all three besides the 
other vellows we have. 

Ella Winchester and Elkhart both bloomed from one year 


plants and show promise of making an attractive flower when 
bloomed in clumps. 

Burning Bronze, Cheerio, War Eagle and Depute Nomblot were 
all fine this year. Junaluska and Spokan attracted much atten¬ 
tion as they made glowing spots of color in the garden, but 
Junaluska had the edge on Spokan due to more substance in the 

Coralie almost bloomed herself to death as did many others. 

Dymia is a fine color and much like Brunhilde and just the 
color that we need in dark blues and darker comes Thuratus and 
The Black Douglas, the darkest of the named varieties I have seen. 

May I say a word about Gloriole ? When we beat Gloriole as 
it has bloomed for us it will have to go some as I bloomed it and 
saw it in Chicago and Wilmette and it was surely taking all the 
praise for a light blue. 

Jean Cayeux was lovely due to a lot of rain, not much sun 
and cool weather, it was just like Mrs. Pattison’s Color Plate. 
Claribel and Wasatch are easily the best plicatas I have seen. 

Director Pinelle and Tint-O-Tan were both in fine shape with 
good color. Picador bloomed four feet high and made a bright 
background for our other iris. 

Michelangelo, a new dove grey, was much admired by both 
the ladies and men, but more so by the men. 

And now a few notes on iris seen in other gardens this year. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hall invited me to be their guest during the iris 


season and on June 2 we went to Chicago. My 10-year-old son 
is getting to be quite an iris lover and enjoys them almost as 
much as I do. 

Upon arriving at Mr. Hall’s we went ont to see his seedlings 
and at first glance all one could see was a mass of lovely color. 
After making the rounds of the garden two or three times it was 
possible to distinguish one iris from another. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Hall have the knack of picking out beautiful names for their 
iris that seem to fit that particular flower. 

First on the list comes Roseland, standing 38 inches high with 
several blooms open. The plants had all been divided last 
year and so were one year plants. The branching was medium 
and I imagine on a two year plant it will have good branching. 
The plants showed good increase with two or three bloom spikes 
to the plant and seven or eight buds to the spike. The flower 
was large Avith an eight inch spread and had good substance. 
Color—S. light buff, flushed rose; F. rosy jasper red with velvet 
effect and a light edge; bright orange beard. Falls have white 
markings on haft. 

Victory. Standing 40-44 inches high, with good branching. The 
flowers are light red-violet, S. a little lighter, lemon beard tipped 
blue, have good substance. The falls are flaring and have a T 1 /^ 
inch spread. The plant is extra good increaser and has as high 
as three bloom spikes on one year plant, with eight to ten buds 
to the spike. 

36-71. Not named. Standing 40-43 inches high, in effect it is 
a lighter, brighter, more golden Jean Cayeux, and very ruffed. 
It is a golden tan blend, good branching, is a good increaser and 
has seven to eight buds to the spike. The falls lia\ 7 e l 1 /^ inch 

Token. Standing 38-40 inches high, it is a taller, richer, 
brighter Mary Geddes in color with a deep * orange beard and 
white markings on the haft, the falls are cleaner than those of 
Mary Geddes and the floAver is about two times as big as Mary 
Geddes, one that everyone will Avant when it is introduced. SaAv 
this last vear too. Good substance. 

36-72. Standing 36-44 inches high, a darker, richer, more vel¬ 
vety Persia, Avith clean haft and good branching, has bright orange 
beard, 6% inch spread to the falls and is a fast increaser. All the 
above are mid-season to late. Good substance. 

Now for the new seedlings blooming for the first time this year. 


3S-38. Standing 36 inches high, branching 4 ways, with a large 
bloom, falls have 7% inch spread. In color it is a golden topaz. 
The standards have good substance and are closed at top. The 
bloom spike had 7 buds. Makes California Gold, standing near, 
look dull. It is more amber than Naranja. 

38-49. This seedling I had the pleasure of seeing unfold and 
hearing it named “Old Man River.” In effect it is a rich black 
with falls darker than standards and the standards are difficult to 
describe. 32 inches high, branching excellent. Smoky brown 
beard, with clean haft. This iris will stand watching. Much 
blacker than Black Douglas and is a rich blackish self. 

Now for the two most outstanding yellow iris Mr. Hall has 

38-51. Standing 46 inches high on first year seedling. Excel¬ 
lent branching; a clear deep yellow, about the color of Golden 
Hind. The falls are semi-flare, golden beard. Seven one-half 
inch spread to falls; 6 to 7 buds. On a first year blooming plant 
it had 6 large rhizomes, 1 small rhizome and -bloom stalk. Extra 
large, of good substance, and standards held together — most 
pleasing flower. 

38-52. Standing 38 inches high, the standards pure gold; domed 
shape, falls blended a slightly deeper shade; bright orange beard. 
Fair branching; 5 buds. First year blooming had 7 rhizomes and 
2 bloom spikes. Extra large. 

P. S. Just a note about 38-49, Old Man River. Mr. Hall picked 
a bloom from the Black Douglas and placed it near his 38-49 and 
it made Black Douglas seem small and medium -blue. 38-49 has 
good substance and as near as I remember about 5 or 6 rhizomes 
to the plant. 

Amanda Hahn 

From Illinois 

The pollenizing in my garden during the season of 1938 was 
carried out under unusual conditions. Due to circumstances, all 
my pollenizing was done before the hour of 7 a.m. and after 
7 p.m. C.S.T. and in addition, I had to contend, on. account of the 
rainy season, with varying degrees of dampness from “after 
shower dampness” to drizzle and actual rain in which I worked 
under an umbrella. Many crosses were made by first “spanking” 
the blossom to shake off the water. 

[ 77 ] 

In tabulating the results, I have listed the amount of dampness 
as I marked the tags at the time the crosses were made, such as 
F for fair; D—damp ; DM—damp morning ; R—drizzle rain; 

R-]-actual rain. The figures follow : 

Crosses set Crosses not set 

F _ 54 36 

D _ 6 3 

DM _ 7 7 

R _ 12 15 

R-f _ 6 7 

85 68 

Of all crosses made there was ia set of 54.2%. The crosses 
made in fair weather show a set of 60% and the crosses made in 
damp to wet weather show a set of 49.2%. Considering only the 
crosses made in fair weather, I believe the result of 60% set, all 
on crosses made before 7 a.m. and after 7 p.m., will compare 
favorably with results obtained usually when crosses are made 
during daytime hours, such as the usually recommended hour of 
10 :30 a.m. These results seem to show that the hour of day has 
little or no effect on the set. 

Another interesting point is indicated by those made under 
“damp” conditions. Of a total of 9 crosses, 6 sets were obtained, 
or 66 2 /3 %, the highest result of the test. Naturally the small 
number of crosses made offers no proof, but they do seem to indi¬ 
cate that the stigma is either more receptive under these conditions 
or that the pollen is more virile. 

William W. Miller 

American Iris Society .Regional Meeting 

At a recent meeting of Western New York members of the 
American Iris Society at the home of Mrs. Leo Shippy, the fol¬ 
lowing officers were elected: Chairman and Correspondent to the 
National Society, M. Frederick Stuntz, 101 Liberty Terrace, Sny¬ 
der, N. Y.; Vice Chairman, Mrs. Leo C. Shippy, 536 Willow St., 
Lockport, N. Y.; Secretary, Mr. Charles K. Bassett, 278 Depew 
Ave., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Moving pictures in color depicting gardens visited by Mrs. 
Shippy were shown. Dr. Harry H. Everett, president of the 
American Iris Society, and other famous iris growers attending 

[ 78 ] 

the annual meeting of the National Society at Cincinnati last 
May appeared on some of the films. 

Plans were discussed for future activities, such as visits to gar¬ 
dens containing collections of named irises, and an exhibition of 
modern irises to be held in a prominent downtown location in 
Buffalo, N. Y., about June 4th, 1939. 

The next meeting will be held January 15, 1939. New members 
of the American Iris Society residing in Western New York, whose 
names are not on the last roster, are especially invited. 

Nashville Surveys an Iris Year 

There is an old saying that when “March comes in like a lamb, 
it will go out like a lion,” and in Nashville the year 1938 was no 
exception. In fact, its tempestuous exit was followed in mid-April 
by two freezes that wrought havoc in Nashville’s iris gardens. 
Extremely mild weather in February and March was productive 
of a fast lush growth which was particularly susceptible to the 
quick freeze which came in early April. Most of the blossoms of 
the earlier flowering varieties were ruined completely and had it 
not been for the late blooming variegata types, many gardens 
would have had no bloom at all. 

In spite of everything a few worthwhile iris appeared. One of 
the best newcomers is Glen Ellen (Connell 1938). This tall and 
well branched iris (40 in.) is best described as a luminous golden 
tan, with falls flushed with brown and plum. 

Picotee (Connell 1938) is a plicata of more than average size 
carried on a thirty-six inch stalk. This plicata is especially note¬ 
worthy because of the clear quality of the blue edging. 

No. 38-1 (Connell 1938), as yet unnamed, is an extremely large 
and tall light blue of the Blue Triumph type. The flowers are 
carried on forty-six inch stems and are of heavy substance with 
erect domed standards and semi-flaring falls. 

Cedar Wood (Williams 1938 No. 10-25A) is a colorful addition 
to the new popular deep copper reds. Its height is thirty-two to 
thirty-four inches and the flower itself exhibits an attractive 
rounded shape. 

Mrs. T. A. Williams has captured the fleeting tints of a southern 
sunset in Golden Dusk, a medium sized flower of rich golden buff 
and pink which stands thirty-eight inches in height. The frilled 
flowers and the branching indicate the palida type. 

In Mr. T. A. Washington’s garden, the writer was again pleased 
to find so many new Spuria and Louisiana Hybrid seedlings. Two 
each are very good. S-7 (Washington 1938), a spuria as yet un¬ 
named, bloomed on a forty-five inch stem. Its color is a beautiful 
combination of cream and brilliant yellow, with the yellow overlay 
extending over most of the rounded flaring falls. 

S-ll (Washington 1938), another Spuria seedling, is a clear 
medium yellow self, forty inches in height. The flowers are very 

Imosa (Washington 1938) is the first of the Louisiana Hybrids 
which is definitely of a yellow tone. Its pumpkin yellow blossoms 
are on twenty-four inch stems. 

Tuckahoe (Washington 1938) is a brilliant flower of Indian red. 
The iris lover who is unfamiliar with these beardless hybrids will 
be amazed at the clearness of tone in the reds which show not the 
slightest trace of blue. 

To this writer 1938 would have been one large headache except 
for the kind offices of a convenient apple tree. The thick foliage 
afforded enough protection so that practically all of the seedlings 
of one cross bloomed for the first time and from them came White 
Prince, which is described by Mr. T. A. Williams as follows: 

“WHITE PRINCE (Douglas 1938). A most striking large 
clean warm white iris with extra good substance and with a 
strong, straight stem. The beard is bright chrome yellow. 
The height is thirty-six inches, the foliage is proportionately 
heavy for the size of the flower and the branching is excel¬ 
lent. The standards are full and well carried; the falls are 
large, somewhat semi-flaring, combining to make an impres¬ 
sive flower of almost ideal form.” 

Most hybridizers would consider the recipiency of the Dykes 
medal quite enough for one year, but to Chancellor Emeritus 
James IT. Kirkland came the added pleasure of seeing for the first 
time two beautiful new seedlings in 1938. The following descrip¬ 
tion is by Mrs. Thomas Nesmith: 

“PRINCE ROYAL (Kirkland 1938). The well domed 
standards are broad and large with firm substance and ex¬ 
cellent form. The color of the standards is extremelv bril- 


liant but difficult to describe. The undertone is tawny buff 
heavily over-flushed with most glowing red. The falls are 
broad and smoothly finished, heavy in substance and in per- 

[ 80 ] 

feet proportion to the standards. The color of the falls is 
deeper in tone than a pigeon blood ruby but with that same 
intense inner fire. The velvety finish of the falls is carried 
well down into the throat. The styles are tawny yellow 
flushed with ruby red. The beard is rich yellow. The glow- 
ing center of the flower is as brilliant as if it were illumi¬ 
nated by a tiny floodlight. A magnificent rich velvety red iris 
that is the finest of all the reds of Dr. Kirkland. Thirty-eight 

44 EVER GAY (Kirkland 1938). The standards are rich 
orange-yellow flushed with rosy buff. The falls have a bril¬ 
liant burnt orange over-flush on the same rosy blending as the 
standards. The styles are orange and buff. The beard is rich 
orange. A very gay and intense colored flower with a long 
blooming season. Thirty-four inches.” 

Prince Royal and Ever Gay bid fair to be worthy successors to 
Copper Luster and Junaluska, Dr. Kirkland’s prize winners of 

Geddes Douglas 

Iris Raising in South Australia 

The district is about the same latitude as between San Francisco 
and Los Angeles; mid-summer in December and mid-winter in 
June; altitude 700 ft., no frosts; summer temperatures hover 
about 100° and occasionally pass 110°. 

An elevated wooden frame is used 9 x 2y 2 x 6". Easy for 
sowing, weeding and transplanting, but the watering requires 
regular attention. 

Special care was taken this season to provide good drainage. A 
bag of broken up charcoal was mixed with the soil about two 
inches clear of the surface. The soil was about 40% clean fine 
sand. It had been observed that the heavy wet surface affected 
the health of the tiny seedlings during the cold wet period. The 
results as compared with other seasons proved that the conditions 
were favorable. The seeds were sown as gathered—green and 
sappy. The germination in percentage and time was the best on 
our records. Leaving out the two complete failures, the germina¬ 
tion within eight months of sowing was over 70%. This has in¬ 
creased since this was noted. About 60% of them are expected to 
bloom next season, 21 months after sowing. 

[ 81 ] 

To summarize—elevated seed box, liberal mixture of charcoal, 
about 40% sand, and seed sown as gathered. 

Some of the varieties that have helped to breed good all round 
seedlings: Purissima, San Diego, Santa Barbara, Sacramento, 
W. R. Dykes, Depute Nomblot, Mrs. Valerie West, R. W. Wallace, 
and Mauna Loa. 

Three yellow seedlings of quality appeared this season in a bed 
of Purissima X Santa Barbara; can this be a mistake? 

I would like to register some of my best seedlings but when I 
read the descriptions of the new varieties in the American cata¬ 
logues I lack sufficient courage to overcome my fears. 

Seed Sown Plants Sept. 

Jan., 1938 17, 1938 

San Francisco X (Alpenglow X W. R. Dykes) 24 10 

Pale Moonlight X Pres. Pilkington_ 49 21 

Francheville X (Sacramento X W. R. Dykes) 

2 pods _ 81 58 

Clara Noyes X Happy Days_ 22 

Los Angeles X Happy Days, 5 pods_ 195 154 

Peaches X Happy Days_,_ 22 

Purissima X Sierra Blue_ 63 49 

Alameda X Happy Days_ 64 46 

(Don Quixote X W. R. Dykes) X Happy 

Days, 2 pods (a good clear yellow)_ 102 78 

(El Capitan X Cameliard) X Happy Days, 

3 pods _ 127 83 

(Sacramento X W. R. Dykes) X Rubeo (a 

clear yellow, no streaks)_ 30 10 

Pacific X Happy Days_ 45 31 

Santa Clara X Happy Days_ 57 44 

From California 

Blooming is long over, and now we talk of “next year” again. 
This time, though, “next year” will be something new—something 
excitingly different. The A.I.S. meeting will be a “trek” to the 
Pacific Coast—that far off land where Purissima grows like w^eeds, 
and members write of new varieties that many of us never see 
for years. 

How, you wonder, will the “trek” differ from the usual meet¬ 
ings? It takes a lot of explaining to answer that one. Most of 

[82 1 

the difference lies in, or results from, the climate—and the differ¬ 
ence offers many advantages, a few disadvantages. 

Speaking for California only, not for Oregon, which presents 
somewhat different circumstances, the following are the main 

1. Of course, Purissima and other of those varieties tenderized 
due to lush early winter growth, all grow well here. But you 
won’t notice so much difference in the newer varieties, at least 
those at Berkeley, because of the strong tendency of Carl Salbach 
and Sydney B. Mitchell to breed away from mesopotamica, using 
such varieties as King Midas, Dauntless, Helios, etc., instead. 

2. The plants will generally be a little taller, or a little bigger, 
and the growth will be much evener. You will still find a definite 
difference between new and established clumps, however, although 
transplanting seems to make little difference in the case of some 

3. The peak of the season will be about three times as long as 
in the East. This is due to the fact that the iris grow slowly dur¬ 
ing a cool season of the year, rather than quickly under the spur 
of warm weather. While this gives us a much longer season, and 
the advantage that if you are a day or two off schedule, you will 
still see peak bloom, it does present one disadvantage—the very 
early varieties and the very late varieties will not be in flower at 
the season’s peak. This is rather too bad in that most of Mr. 
White’s oncocyclus hybrids bloom before the rest of the bearded 
iris, and in that some of the late blooming Salbach varieties will 
probably be missed by most of the “trekkers. ” The former is 
regrettable, but you who are particularly interested in oncocyclus 
can come early if you wish, and the late bloomers that you may 
miss will be only a small percentage of the total. 

4. You will be too late for daffodils, etc., but you will find a 
profusion of other flowers. In fact, it is quite likely that your 
visit to Berkeley will coincide with the California Spring Flower 
Show, one of the country’s big garden displays. 

5. The two San Francisco Bay bridges will present an inspiring 
sight, and of course, the Fair, on an island in the bay, just a few 
miles from Berkeley, will be of great interest. 

6. All through California and Oregon, you will be in “vacation- 
land” but a few hours distant from mountains, forests, and other 
playlands which include Yosemite Valley, Crater Lake, and other 
famous spots. 

[ 83 1 

To the Editor 

The foolishness of requesting an introducer to name the fra¬ 
grance of his new introductions is graphically illustrated by a test 
made at the big flower show in New York. Almost seven thousand 
women were given a bunch of Freesias to smell and of these one 
out of six said they had no odor. One out of seven said they were 
unpleasant and fifty-three out of one hundred said they had a 
faint odor. This means that one out of three women have a defec¬ 
tive sense of smell (check). I know a group of first generation 
freesia hybrids that smell like lemon verbena (check). The 
breeder’s wife says it’s lemon. 

One out of five men out of an unstated number could not smell 
the freesias and I know that one man out of five has defective 
color vision. 

The number of iris with a really pleasant odor is small, still I 
have seen the D.E.B. Orange Queen advertised as being deliciously 
fragrant, while to my big nose it has the vilest odor of any bearded 
iris I know. 

A. W. Mackenzie 

From Indiana 

In case you have not been notified, I thought you would prob¬ 
ably like to have for the A.I.S. Bulletin the announcement of 
the winner of the Colie Oppio Gold Medal. Contessa Senni wrote 
us that the Gold Medal was awarded to Mr. Paul Cook’s iris E. B. 
WILLI AMBON. Mr. Cook’s iris Sable received also one of the 
FIRST CERTIFICATES. Other winners were Mr. Cayeux of 
Paris, France—received two First Certificates and one Second Cer¬ 
tificate; Mr. Van Tubergen of Holland received the last First 
Certificate; and Mr. Chadburn of England received the other 
Second Certificate. 

Will you please see that Mr. Paul Cook gets full credit for 
E. B. Williamson and Sable? There has been some embarrass¬ 
ment on our part because the Contessa Senni gave us the credit 
and we are only the introducers. Also I discovered today that 
the magazine Horticulture —last issue—under “A.I.S. Meeting,”' 
had also given us credit for E. B. Williamson. I suppose the name 
is a bit confusing. 

I also want to add how much I enjoyed your talk on Iris Ar- 

[ 84 ] 

rangement. It was certainly the highlight of the evening meeting 
of the A.I.S. 

We returned home to find the severe frosts had practically 
ruined our blooming season. Mr. Cook’s garden was absolutely 
devoid of bloom this season, which was a terrific blow to one who 
takes his hybridizing so seriously. The winning of the Gold 
Medal did brighten things a bit for them. 

Mr. Cook and the Williamsons do hope that some time in the 
near future you will plan to visit us in Bluffton. I’m sure you 
would find Mr. Cook’s seedlings something to make your trip 
worth while. 

Yours sincerely, 

Mary Williamson 

Eleanor Roosevelt and Black Magic 

Late last year someone told me that they thought these two iris 
varieties were one and the same. So this year they have had my 
special attention and when they came into bloom I picked four of 
the Eleanor and one of the Magic, put them together and asked 
five friends to pick out the one that was different. They all ex¬ 
amined the blooms very carefully, but none could tell which was 
the one that was different from the others. So next vear the B.M. 
will be left out of our catalog and am now sorry that it was put 
into it for this year. We do not care to have the same variety 
under two names. As the Eleanor is the older variety, this is the 
name to be retained. 

Howard Weed 

My dear Mr. Morrison: 

The tall I. ensata, of which I sent you some and the seeds of 
which came from Kashmir, bloomed and it did not correspond to 
any of the three main types noted by Dykes in his hand book. 
This was to be expected in a plant as widely distributed as ensata. 
The falls were just edged with blue lavender and the standards 
were dark blue lavender. 

Tricuspis did not bloom. 

I did not get to go to see about that yellow iris that I spoke to 
you of but the swamp is still there and will try and go next year. 
The books do not give I. foliosa as wide a range as it has, for we 
find it here and both Bruce Williamson and Paul Cook have found 

[ 85 ] 

it in Wells County, which is in the northeastern part of the state. 
I have no trouble with ensata and dichotoma seed, as every one 
grows. Several years ago I had a block of Gaudichau X Magnifica 
seedlings of which I saved two, one like Gaudichau and the other 
a blue purple heavily overcast with gray. I moved them and they 
both disappeared but there was no gap in the row. This year a 
double rhizome of a vinous purple seedling in that row bloomed 
and one stalk was the blue-gray that I had lost, the second bloom 
was one third blue gray and the rest was the vinous purple of the 
rest of the block. 

I like Sam Graham’s ideas about judging but I would have the 
judge carry in his mind’s eye the picture of a perfect iris instead 
of, say, using Damozel to judge a San Francisco by. 

Sherman Duffy says Sidney B. Mitchell is a partial self extermi¬ 
nator and I have a hunch that that yellow seedling in Kirkland’s 
garden, you know the one that had the 5 bloom stalks and all or 
most of the judges raved over, is one too, for there were only two 
new rhizomes to carry it over. 

Paul Cook has some fine Hemerocallis seedlings. Middendorfii 
is just blooming for me, as it did not bloom in the spring. 

I was a bit surprised to see you as young a man as you are. I 
expected that you were somewhere near my age, i.e., the early 

Yours trulv, 

A. W. Mackenzie 

186 ] 


All of the dealers listed below are members of The American 
Iris Society. If you are buying Iris for your garden, it should be 
your particular pleasure to make your purchases from the dealers 
who have worked with and supported your society. Your officers 
and directors invite your particular attention to this list. They also 
ask a favor. When you order, tell the dealer you saw his name in 
the Bulletin and do him a favor by not asking for a catalog 
unless you mean business. 


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Seas, Waterfall. 

Author, Rainbow Fragments, A Garden 
Book of the Iris.” Price $2.00 


Only best of old and new varieties, at attractive 
prices. Fine quality roots, liberally graded. Our 
Catalog names best commercial cut-flower varieties, 
and gives valuable planting and growing instruc¬ 

Growers of Fine Peonies since 1911 

When you come to Southern Califor¬ 
nia, you are invited to visit 



512 West Foothill Boulevard 
Arcadia, California 

Fisher Flowers 



Anna Betsch er . . . . .$..75 

Bagdad . 1.50 

Bijou . 1.50 

Gypsy .50 

Hyperion . 1.00 

Imperator .50 

J. A. Crawford.50 

J. R. Mann.50 

Margaret Perry.25 

Mikado . 1.00 

Ophir .50 

Radiant .50 



M EMBERS of the American Iris Society who also enjoy roses to 
unite with it in improving and furthering the enjoyment of 
roses throughout the world. 

The American Rose Annual, sent to each member every year, 
describes all the new roses and is packed with information and in¬ 
spiration for rose growers. 

The American Rose Quarterly deals with current exhibitions, meet¬ 
ings, rose pilgrimages, roster of members, etc. 

"What Every Rose Grower Should Know,” the Society’s book 
of instructions for rose-growing, is sent to each member. 

The Committee of Consulting Rosarians will give free advice on 
all rose subjects. 

Dues $3.50 per Year; Three Years for $10.00 


Harrisburg, Penna. 


A T a recent meeting of the American Peony Society the Board of 
Directors voted to make a drastic reduction in the price of the peony 
manual, good until available supply is exhausted or until the first of the 
year. Present price $2.25 postpaid. 

Every peony lover should have this manual with supplement, bound in 
one book, as it is an encyclopedia of peony knowledge obtainable from 
no other sources. Manual originally sold for $6.00. Present price far 
under cost of production. If you are looking for a real bargain, here's 
your chance. Don't hesitate. They are going fast at this price. Circular 
on request. 

Membership in the American Peony Society, four splendid bulletins 
and the beautiful, helpful Manual only $5.00. Make remittances to the 
American Peony Society and mail to 

W. F. CHRISTMAN, Secretary 



The 1935, 1936 and 1937 Daffodil Yearbooks went to many 
members of The American Iris Society and it is hoped that the 
1938 issue will go to even more, since narcissus make a wonderful 
picture before the iris fill the garden. If you have not discovered 
this, try them. The 1938 Yearbook is of great value and sells for 
the ridiculously low price of fifty cents. Some copies of the 1936 
issue are still available. Give yourself a treat and order both. Send 
your remittance to the Secretary, American Horticultural Society, 
821 Washington Loan and Trust Building, Washington, D. C. 


It has been called to our attention that there is a chance 
that someone who is not a member of the A. I. S. may read 
your copy of the Bulletin and wonder how he too may be¬ 
come a subscriber. If you happen to be such a reader, let us 
assure you that the Society welcomes to membership all per¬ 
sons who feel that special knowledge of iris would be wel¬ 
come in their gardening. 

Membership is by the CALENDAR year. Annual Mem¬ 
bership is three dollars; Triennial Membership is eight dollars 
and fifty cents; Life Membership is fifty dollars. 

Make your check or money order payable to the American 
Iris Society and send to Mr. Howard Watkins, Secretary, 821 
Washington Loan & Trust Building, Washington, D. C. 
Please follow the instruction. It will help us all in the 
record keeping. 

to Join the 


and receive the 

A Kl K! I I A I a » oc ' iet y publication full of helpful hints and 

/ \ ININ U i\ L pointers on every phase of gladiolus growing 

and exhibiting, and as special premium the 1938 ANNUAL, 
featuring the 

the world’s most re- 


guide to the leading varieties both old and new. 

National Gladiolus Show for 1939 at 

AUGUST 19, 20, 21 

4 4 4 


4 4 4 



Secretary-T reasurer 




American Iris Society 

APRIL, 1939 
No. 73 


Foreword, B. Y. Morrison ___ 1 

Echoes from the California Trek, Lena M. Lothrop _ 3 

Iris Notes on the West Coast, J. Marion Shull ___ 14 

Along the Iris Coast—1939, Julius Dornhlut, Jr. _ 18 

Tall Bearded Iris in 1939, Junius P. Fishhurn _ 28 

Awards of the American Iris Society for 1939_ 65 

Awards of Royal Horticultural Society, Wisley Trial, 1939_ 67 

Awards of Iris Jury, Rome, 1939___ 68 

Roman Gold Medal for New Iris_ 69 

Investigate ___ 70 

Published Quarterly by 


Entered as second-class matter January, 1934, at the Post Office at Baltimore, Md., 

under the Act of March 3, 1879. 

$3.00 the Year—50 Cents per Copy for Members 



Term expiring 1939: Dr. H. H. Everett 

Dr. J. H. Kirkland 

J. B. Wallace, Jr. 
Richardson Wright 

Term expiring 1940: 
Term expiring 1941: 

W. J. McKee 
David F. Hall 

Dr. Franklin Cook 
Kenneth D. Smith 

J. P. Fishbnm 
Dr. Henry Lee Grant 

Howard R. Watkins 
J. E. Wills 

President —Dr. H. H. Everett, 417 Woodman Accident Building, Lincoln, Nebr. 
Vice-President —Mr. W. J. McKee, 45 Kenwood Are., Worcester, Mass. 

Secretary —Mr. Howard R. Watkins, 821 Washington Loan and Trust Bldg., 
Washington, D. C. 

Treasurer —J. P. Fishbum, Box 2531, Roanoke, Va 
Regional Vice-Presidents — 

1. Mrs. Herman E. Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass. 

2. Frederick W. Cassebeer, 953 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. 

3. John C. Wisiter, Wister St. and Clarkson Ave., Germantown, Philadel¬ 

phia, Pa. 

4. J. Marion Shull, 207 Raymond St., Chevy Chase, Md. 

5. Mr. T. N. Webb, Durham, N. C. 

6. Mrs. Silas B. Waters, 2005 Edgecliff Point, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

7. Mr. Geddes Douglas, 440 Chestnut Street, Nashville, Tenn. 

8. Mrs. W. F. Roecker, 3319 North 14th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

9. Dr. Franklin Cook, 636 Church St., Evanston, Ill. 

10. Frank E. Chowning, 2110 Country Club Lane, Little Rock, Ark. 

11. Dr. C. W. Hungerford, 514 East C St., Moscow, Idaho. 

12. Mr. Merritt Perkins, 2235 Fairfax St., Denver, Colo. 

13. Dr. R. E. Kleinsorge, Silverton, Ore. 

14. Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop, 3205 Poplar Blvd., Alhambra, Calif. 

15. Mrs. G. G. Pollock, 1341 45th St., Sacramento, Calif. 

16. William Miles, Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada. 

Chairmen of Committees: 

Scientific —Dr. A. E. Waller, 210 Stanbery Ave., Bexley, Columbus, Ohio. 
Election— Dr. C. Stuart Gager, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Membership and Publicity—Dr. H. H. Everett, Woodman Accident 
Building, Lincoln, Nebr. 

Registration—C. E. F. Gersdorff, 1825 No. Capitol St., Washington, D. C. 
Exhibition—Mrs. Ralph E. Ricker, 1516 R^ss St., Sioux City, Iowa. 

Bibliography—Mrs. W. H. Peckham, The Lodge, Skylands Farm, Ster- 
lington, N. Y. 

Awards—W. J. McKee. 

Recorder of Introductions —L. Merton Gage, Natick, Mass. 

Editorial Board —B. Y. 

Mrs. James R. Bachman 
Mrs. Wm. H. Benners 
Henry L. Butterworth 
Mrs. Ella W. Callis 
Frank E. Chowning 
Charles E. Decker 
Fred De Forest 
Julius Dornblut, Jr. 

S. R. Duffy 
Leo J. Egelberg 

Morrison, Editor; 

Mrs. J. F. Emigholz 
C. E. F. Gersdorff 
Dr. Henry Lee Grant 
David F. Hall 
A. H. Harkness 
H. H. Harned 
Mrs. W. K. Kellogg 
E. G. Lapham 
L. W. Lindgren 
Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop 
Mrs. C. S. McKinney 

Hires, Ass’t Editor 

Bruce C. Maples 
Mrs. G. R. Marriage 
Mrs. H. Hoyt Nissley 
Ford B. Rogers 
Kenneth D. Smith 
Miss Dorothy Stoner 
M. Frederick Stuntz 
R. S. Sturtevant 
Mrs. Walter E. Tobie 
Mrs. C. G. Whiting 

Mrs. J. E. 

LANTERN SLIDES—Rental Fee (to members) $10.00. Apply to Mrs. 
Herman E. Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass. 



■ This issue which should have appeared in April gains greatly 
by the long delay, for the copy in the store was limited and fell 
into no special pattern. 

We have therefore abandoned all sense of time and have put 
together various pieces which seem to fit the main issues of the year, 
if they did happen in mid-April and May and June. 

Special attention is invited to our Treasurer’s opus, which was 
privately printed first, then contributed to the Society and appears 
here through Mr. Fishburn’s kindness and the Directors’ instruc¬ 

It is to be hoped that others will follow his example. If this 
were so, what an easy life the editor might have. 

B. Y. Morrison, Editor. 

Upper — Mrs. Fishburn, Mrs. Carl Salhach, Mrs. Mitchell 
Center — Dr. Everett, Mr. E. E. Currier, Mr. Sass. 

Lower — Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Perry, Master Slaughter, Miss Currier. 


Lena M. Lothrop 

■ It is not possible to measure the enjoyment we received from 
onr guests of the Iris Trek. If only they had not left us! So flat 
and meaningless did everything seem after they were gone! The 
guests went on to other gardens, and to their own iris season; ours 
was finished, we were ‘ ‘ all washed up! ” But things are looking 
up again—iris pods are beginning to crack and hope stirs for we 
will bloom a few of the million seedlings in the competition of 1941. 

The A.I.S. treasurer, Mr. Fishburn, and his family were among 
the first members of the California Trek to arrive. I heard he was 
in the Milliken garden and had been taken to Redlands to see Mr. 
White’s seedlings. A few mornings later Dr. Everett, our president, 
and Mrs. Everett reached Whitehall and two more days brought 
Vice-President McKee, and Dr. and Mrs. Graves. (So far as 
I could learn Dr. Graves has no official A.I.S. title but he rates 
seedlings, and he did say something about being a doorkeeper!) 

It is five years since Dr. and Mrs. Everett first came to visit us. 
It was then that Dr. Everett learned of our problem of great dis¬ 
tances with so few judges that no just ratings of our irises could 
be made; and of climatic conditions which prevent growing satis¬ 
factorily most irises produced in central and eastern United States. 
With the co-operation of Mr. McKee, Dr. Everett has brought 
about changes which make us feel that, at last, we are a part of 
the Society. 

More guests were met at the “brunch’’ in Pasadena and still 
others at Berkeley; mention cannot be made of them all. The boy 
who came with his mother and grandmother from Texas stayed 
with the Trek, visited all the gardens, never seemed to complain, 
was never in the way, and appeared to be interested in all that 
he saw. I may be introducing to you a future officer of the A.I.S. 

It was said that Mr. Fishburn wondered at being taken so far 
(it is sixty miles from Pasadena to Redlands) to see a comparatively 
small number of seedlings but that when he had seen Mr. White’s 
seedlings he understood the importance of the garden. Everyone 
recognizes that Mr. White grows irises exceedinly well and that he 
produces a high percentage of fine seedlings. One visitor said to 

[ 3 ] 

another “Look, those irises are almost as tall as you, and you are 
not a short man. ’ ’ And, as to increase, two or more stalks of bloom 
from a one-} r ear seedling is not uncommon. One seedling, an early 
blue-white, which Mr. Milliken expects to catalogue, had six tall 
stalks of bloom and eleven fans of increase from a seed that ger¬ 
minated in 1938. It has been named Elan. 

Mr. White grows his seedlings under lath and a great deal of 
peat is used in the soil with commercial fertilizer. He rotates crops 
by growing choice vegetables for his table between crops of irises. 
The long summer season is in his favor and in this land where it 
rains only in winter there is an abundance of water to use at all 
times. Our irises never get dry. 

It pleased me to see how quickly and accurately the “iris 
hounds” of the Trek nosed out the better seedlings in each garden. 
In Mrs. Reibold’s garden where are grown many named varieties 
and seedlings was spotted without difficulty her 32-205, a lovely 
smooth light blue. In the Milliken garden the findings included 
Blue Spire, a frosted light blue; a yellow seedling with broad semi¬ 
horizontal falls; and a very blue-tonecl light blue. Application for 
the name Blue Heaven has been sent in for this iris. The three 
seedlings selected in Mr. White’s garden to be named and rated 
were: Symbol, a tall, deep yellow with small brush-marks of bright, 
golden-brown each side of the beards; Morning Song (first named 
Good Morning) a fine, smooth, peach-yellow blend; and Answer, a 
deep, rich, j^ellow self. There is a velvety texture on the upper 
part of the falls and this may have been the deciding factor in its 
selection as 3-39-5 ran a close second. 

During the scheduled visit to Mr. White’s garden, the guests 
surrounded a light yellow seedling that had clear Barium Yellow 
standards and wide flaring falls as thick as those which are likened 
to shoe-leather. A name was requested and Mr. White was called. 
After thinking a minute he looked up and said “California Trek.” 

Noted among Mr. Giridlian’s seedlings was a yellow iris of such 
intensity that ‘ ‘ it could be seen a mile away. ” It is number 29-39- 


19. The standards are said to be deeper than those of Naranja and 
the falls to have an orange cast rather than brown but it has a 
smaller flower than Naranja. Cut flowers of apogon seedlings pro¬ 
duced by Mr. Niese of Los Angeles were seen at the garden of Mr. 
Giridlian. Nada, Mr. Giridlian’s own crested iris hybrid, though 
prodigal of its bloom in season, gave to the visitors a backward 
glance only, with a scant blossom or two. 

[ 4 ] 

C. Cr. White 

Two late stalks on “Early Mass.” Note seed pods on same plant 

Apogon seedlings were seen at the Dr. Williams garden—seedlings 
in pink tones, in yellows and dark blue. The banks of climbing 
roses and hundreds of tree roses nearly blotted out the irises in 
this garden. 

Mr. White has coined the named “onco-bred” for his wide 
crosses. Most of them had “been and gone” when our visitors 

[ 5 ] 

arrived but Susan of Hilly and the lovely Some Love were here to 
greet them. From first to last these irises bloom over a long- period; 
the earlier ones start blooming the first of March and Nelson of 
Hilly did not bloom until in May. 

A garden of several hundred seedlings was overlooked. At the 
very last of the season we drove to the top of a hill and there, 
where the view over the valley is beautiful, and the wind blows 
without ceasing, I was thrilled by many lovely seedlings blooming 
even at that late date. Instead of dragging iris judges up to see 
his seedlings Prof. Dysart had contented himself with driving stakes 
beside the better ones. None can be discarded, not even the verv 
worst, until they have had an opportunity to bloom “off-season,” 
if such is their inclination, for out-of-season bloomers are this man’s 
hobby. The Avorst seedling* in the lot will not get more than a sus¬ 
pended sentence if it blooms this fall. 

There could not be a Trek without some regrets and one of them 
is that San Gabriel (I think it could be called a classic, by now) 
had passed by, before the Trek began. Another regret is that the 
name of its originator, Mrs. Dean, was not honored at the bancpiet. 
To produce an iris that has not been out-distanced in the last twenty 
years is something* of a record! Most of the iris enthusiasm of 
Southern California stems to Mrs. Dean. 

Mr. Shull did not arrive in time to visit the gardens of the South 
but I heard that lie Avas in the Mitchell-Salbach gardens and by 
the process of elimination 1 found him. I have always enjoyed his 
articles in the Bulletins and have admired his courage in expres¬ 
sing* liis opinions eA r en when I did not agree Avith them. I asked if he 
had received nasty letters from people aa t 1io had irises to sell and 
he admitted he had. The American Iris Society and its publications 
surelv are not for the benefit of dealers alone. All contributors to 


the Bulletins cannot be expected to “shush” until the dealers have 
moved their new stock onto unsuspecting gardeners. I often wonder 
Iioav successful would be a commercial iris groAver who told “the 
whole truth and nothing* but the truth” about the irises he cata¬ 

I Avas rather dismayed this year by the oft repeated words, “It 
Avill sell,” spoken as if that Avere the end in vieAV. Is it? T Avas 
commenting on a tall iris that has been called “pink” saying that 
it was not pink but purple as Ridgeway would prove, and a dealer 
said, “But you could not sell a purple iris.” In another garden 
1 remarked that it Avas a pity that a bright, rather small iris which 

Dr. Everett and Mr. McKee in the Mil liken Iris Garden 

lias been much publicised did not have better finish, and size, and 
velvety falls, and the answer came quick, ‘‘You would be surprised 
how that sells!” One of the real “gaspers” of the season, a “gas¬ 
per” because of unusual color, is dark, and dull, without good 
proportion, and those who were viewing it commented on its faults 
but one who sells irises kept repeating, “It will sell.” A new iris 

[ 7 ] 


with beautiful falls and beautiful color is afflicted with crumpled 
standards and an awkard, ungainly stalk. It is selling at a very 
high price. Mrs. Donald Milliken says, reasonably “Why do yon 
bother to raise irises at all, the people who buy irises do not care 
for the ratings, they want size, unusual form, bright colors and new 
colors—they are not interested in good form, good substance, or a 
well branched stalk.” Mrs. Blake, of South Carolina, asked me to 
write and work for a change in our point score so that more 
points could be given to form and less to color. I have just received 
a letter from Miss Sturtevant in which she writes, “I clo not like 
the present scale of points, 30 for color is too much and I saw it 
reflected in the new irises, beautiful color, distinct and clear, but 
the stalk often clumsy and poorly branched, substance and form 
with much to be desired.” Certain commercial growers whose 
sense of the beauty of irises has become subordinated to the cents 
in the profits in irises desire more pointy for color. This, of course, 
is not true of all who are trying to make a living in the iris game. 
A good dealer will stock vdiat he hopes to sell and an enthusiastic 
salesman can often guide the choice of the customer. The question 
is will his enthusiasm direct him to give his customer a better iris 
or himself a better profit. Has not the time arrived for our Society 
to take on the job of educating ourselves in the good points of an 
iris and, as “a little leaven will leaven the whole lump,” ultimately 
the people who buy irises? We do not want a stampede for novelty, 
regardless of beauty; it is possible to have both, but we should 
cling to beauty as being more important and more lasting. So far 
as I know there has not been published in any Bulletin illustra¬ 
tions of irises, with and without stalks, as examples of beauty of 
form, beauty of proportion, beauty of branching, and beauty of 
poise. Such illustrations should be in black and white so the eye 
will not be distracted from the beauty of line. They could be as 
much a part of every Bulletin as the title page. We are not ad¬ 
vancing when we lower our standards. 

No one pretends any more that the Dykes Medal is given to the 
best iris, it is given to the iris that receives the most votes. It 
would be more satisfactory if it could be presented to a person who 
has produced many beautiful irises rather than to an iris variety 
that, more than likely, is out-classed at the time the award is made. 

Lists of “best irises” may have gone out of fashion—I have not 
seen one recently. The idea was naive as no dealer would include in 
a list of best irises any he did not have for sale. It was presumptu- 

r s i 

ous, and am using’ too, for anyone to claim ability above all others 
to select the best irises—a best that would be equally good for 
growers in Maine, and Nebraska, South Carolina and California! 
When I read in Dr. Everett’s report that he knew of “over one 
hundred thousand new seedlings to bloom” and doubted “if this 
represents a half of them,” I decided the list-makers would have 
a task in giving them the 44 once over! ’ ’ They must do it; other¬ 
wise they cannot know which are best! Anyone is up against it 
these days to keep track of the seedlings blooming only in his own 
neighborhood. I visited the Milliken garden with the Trekkers, then 
spent a week in Redlands and went from there to Berkeley. When 
I returned I again went to Pasadena and was delighted with lovely 
irises that were not in bloom on my previous visit. I saw Touch 
O’Blue which is a very good large white iris with the 44 touch 
o’blue” each side of the beards. I like it very much. There was 
also a generous showing of Spanish Cavalier, a large, gay iris 
caparisoned in red velvet and gold, a really brilliant fellow which 
4 4 will sell” even if the falls are not as wide as they should be. For 
a bright spot in the garden I doubt if one could do better—it has 
Radiant on the run. I am not sure that I like the contrast in color, 
the contrast between standards and falls, of Regal Beauty. In that 
respect it reminds me of Sir Michael but it is altogether different in 
type. It is well formed with flaring falls. Here is a novelty with 
beauty of form. 

The seedling at Whitehill that has been named Elan, had huge 
buds of Campanula Blue, but it opened out a frosted, crisp white— 
each petal margined by a narrow band of shining, metallic silver. 
Whether this silver rim will be constant or not I do not know but 
metallic colors such as we used to buy at paint stores during the 
atrocious polychrome craze, are cropping out unsought on some 
of the newer seedlings. Two or three years ago a light yellow iris of 
polished surface bloomed at Whitehill. Because it was not large 
enough to balance the stalk, and the stalk itself was not well 
branched, it has not made its debut. On either side of the beards 
of this flower is a layer of metallic gold. I have seen people look 
at their fingers after passing them over this gold to see if any of 
the gilt had come off! The beautiful falls of Prairie Sunset have 
this same metallic gold woven in with its pinkish color; there is 
gold in Buckskin; there is bronzed gold with rosy red in Mr. 
Salbach’s lovely seedling No. 2635A, and metallic copper in Aztec 
Copper. These new glittering colors rather bowl us over (as did the 

[ 9 ] 

polychrome craze!) but we lnusl be careful to demand well formed 
flowers and well branched stalks. Lovely as is the color of Prairie 
Sunset, and the form of its falls, one has to admit that the standards 
are crumpled and without form, and the stalk poorly branched. The 
broad copper-lighted falls of Aztec Copper are breath-taking in 
their width and sheen, but like Prairie Sunset it has little to offer 
except its falls. Its short standards were twirled to a point making 
them seem even shorter, and the color is dark and without life. 
Buckskin is brighter and in much better proportion, and the 
Salbach seedling, 2635A, though not tall, was a gem in color and 
perfect in form and branching. This was the exciting item in the 
gardens of the Bay Region. Someone said to Mr. Salbach that he 
would give more for a root of the seedling than for a root of Prairie 
Sunset and there were murmurs of assent from the crowd. These 
metallic colors have come to stay; they are likely to appear in any 
garden so we can wait and be choosy. 

These shining colors may have been granted to us as a compen¬ 
sation for the colors we do not seem to be able to reach. I am 
referring to pinks, and to deep blue, and deep reds. (No one would 
want a scarlet, I am sure, and besides we must remember that Dr. 
Everett has a loaded gun ready for the producer of a scarlet iris!) 
I doubt if we are any nearer pink than we have been for some 
years. We find variations of type, and form, and style, and shade, 
and size, but we do not find pink. If your eye does not tell you so 
the use of Ridgeway will—or the comparison of a pink rose. Of the 
newer so-called “pinks” Morocco Rose with Mesopotamia size and 
height and a lustrous surface is very attractive. Miss California is 
darker and lacks the lustrous surface. China Maid is lighter with 
a magnolia-like finish. This is my favorite and I was glad it received 
so much admiration in the three gardens where it was growing, the 
Milliken garden, the White garden, and in the Salbach garden at 
Berkeley. It grieves me to have to admit that it has a fault but 
the standards do lack starch unless planted in high shade. 

Although there are new, dark irises which may be a little better 
than Black Douglass, and Blue Peter, we have not as yet a dark 
iris comparable to Shining Waters, for instance, in its class. There 
is something to look forward to in that line. Well established 
plantings of Ukiah and Ten ay a are as satisfactory as any dark irises 
in California gardens. 

E. B. Williamson is a true novelty and a beautiful one. Accord- 
ing to the tile roofs in the neighborhood, it is tile red and is the 

f 10 1 

nearest to being a self of any iris having velvety falls that I re¬ 
member to have seen. Is it that the standards are a shade darker, 
or that the falls have a more silky sheen? 

I was fortunate in seeing The Red Douglass, Piute, and Ethel 
Peckham, blooming close together and, believe it or not, they were 
very near to being the same color. Ethel Peckliam was taller, and 
larger, and clearer in color, but it had the most white in the haft. 
The Red Douglass and Piute were the same height and size and 
color—which was a more opaque red-purple. Texture and other 
things were similar but the falls of Red Douglass were more flaring. 
There are better seedlings in this color-class. 

I had not seen Naranja until this season, and, at Berkeley and 
here in the South, it. was shorter than I had expected it to be; 
neither had I realized from the descriptions that it was such a 
decided bi-color. Its falls roll under at the edges, which is not so 
good, but it gives promise of being a stepping-stone to better 
deep yellows. Pair Elaine is a lovely two-toned light yellow of 
satisfying form. The petals stay put—which is a comfort. Chosen 
seemed to be a more brassy yellow than ever before—perhaps, be¬ 
cause of the many deeper, warmer, softer yellows that were bloom¬ 
ing among the seedlings. I have no quarrel with Chosen, as all 
shades of yellow are needed. Symbol appeared to be accepted as 
the most outstanding seedling at Whitehill, but running close to 
it, and to each other, were Answer and 3-39-5 with California 
Trek, leading among light yellows. Golden Hind is a bright, clear, 
yellow but it is small, and pinched-looking, compared with Cali¬ 
fornia yellows. Treasure Island is a good yellow iris of medium 
tone having a lighter area in the center of the falls. 

Prof. Mitchell says he is through breeding yellows; that he likes 
change, has wanted to change everything in his life except his wife 
(which any one who knows her can understand) so the Professor 
is selecting pollen with the idea of producing amoenas and plicatas. 
He is planning to use Pair Elaine in his quest of amoenas. It is 
said that amoenas are albino variegatas, but Fair Elaine is not a 
variegata. I shall follow the experiment with interest. 

There are new and lovely plicatas. In the Salbach seedling- 
bed, where grew many bright and interesting seedlings, was a 
tangle of plicata seedlings the “reds,” in particular, taking my 
eye. These were small, about the size of Orloff, and had pronounced 
markings. I like Orloff very much, it is neat and firm in form, and 
it is well branched. Always is larger and although not so lively 


iii color, is a fine iris with superlative substance. It should be used 
as a seed-parent. Wasatch lacks appeal and has poor substance. 
Seduction, which is in the group of large white plicatas, is so very 
lovely that I do not mind being seduced if it is done by Seduction! 
To me, it is the most attractive of the large plicatas; I will not 
even except Los Angeles to whom I have given allegiance for so long. 

It is a pleasure to look at Amigo, it is so beautiful! It has no 
competition, being in a class of its own. 

The flowers of Wabash do not exceed those of Dorothv Dietz in 
size but the stem is taller—it gives the impression of being ‘ ‘ leggy. 7 ’ 
Its horizontal falls are of fine velvet and the pure white standards 
are, unfortunately, crumpled. I would say that the texture and 
color of Wabash was superior to that of Dorothy Dietz but the 
latter has better form and proportion. Wabash is blessed with 
pollen; I have found none on Dorothy Dietz. 

Summer Tan makes a most appealing clump; and of new blends, 
Buckskin and Morning Song are very fine. Morning Song has a 
sister of which I am very fond, it is number 10-39-7. Its color is 
made up of pinkish tints blended smoothly into sparkling Chamois. 
All petals are round and flat and the flower possesses a luminous 
quality. There was in the Milliken garden a seedling which re¬ 
minded me of Summer Tan with blue in the place of the brown. 

The new white irises include the big blue-white with broad, long 
falls which Mr. Salbach found in a garden near Berkeley. I saw 
the last bloom—the stalk in full flower must have been a sight to 
see! It is out of Purissima x Thais! Mr. White’s large blue-white, 
Elan, came out of Sweet Alibi x Jocund. This has broad, flaring- 
falls, and though like Mr. Salbach’s find in color, substance, and 
texture, it is entirely different in profile. Noel (White) is another 
white iris out of Sweet Alibi with Lady Paramount as the pollen 
parent. Noel is a very pure white with smooth, shining surface. 
White irises are not so quickly overtaken and passed, by new 
varieties, as are irises of other color, and Purissima and Easter 
Morn can still hold their own with the debutante. I did not rate any 
iris higher than Mount Cloud. I think it is unexcelled. There are 
two gems among the smaller white irises that must not be forgotten. 
Prof. Essig- is the author of one, New Albion, and Mr. White pro¬ 
duced the other, Another Day. New Albion sometimes blooms out 
of season and either in, or out of season, it always gives delight 
because of the perfection of all its parts. Another Day has a 

[ 12 ] 

sheen like the sheen of pearls. The standards are domed, and the 
flaring falls are smooth and flat except for a slightly fluted margin. 
It is such a distinct iris it can easily be recognized. 

Gathering and planting the results of the crosses of 1939 marks 
the end of this season and the beginning of another, the season of 

1941, when blooms from these seeds will be expected. The season 
of 1940 comes in between at which time will begin the season of 

1942. We can never catch up with it, anticipation will keep beckon¬ 
ing, for which let us give thanks. 

Dr. Everett going and coming with Mr. White alongside 

[ 13 ] 


J. Marion Shull 

■ It was my first visit to the West Coast in iris time. Needless 
to say that one whose iris acquaintance had hitherto been con¬ 
fined to the East and the Mid-west would find much of interest 
here. Not only would there be new varieties never seen before but 
old friends under new environment. 

We of the East have been forced to become skeptical concerning 
West Coast introductions as well as English and French, not for 
the most part because of any inherent qualities of the output but 
because of our own harsher climatic conditions which often play 
havoc with varieties of, to us, exotic origin. At both extremities 
of our far flung iris world I find increased and growing apprecia¬ 
tion of the need for tolerance because of regional differences. 

My approach from the South naturally brought me to the Milli- 
ken garden at Pasadena as the first iris stop. Too late by a day or 
two for the scheduled A.I.S. Trek, I was nevertheless not too late 
for the iris here, for there were still a few that had not begun 
to bloom as well as a few gone by. No garden I saw excelled this 
in growth and apparent growing conditions and I came away 
rather envious because my Maryland garden at Chevy Chase can 
not show anything like the vigor and size of these Pasadena plants. 

Jotting hasty notes of things that interested me leaves me with 
a jumble of new things mixed with relatively older varieties be¬ 
cause I could not then, and will not now, take the time to sort 
them out on the basis of age or place of origin. But why bother to 
sort them so, since the average garden grows old and new shoulder 
to shoulder without apology. 

There was a fine clump of Brown Betty, a blended bicolor of light 
purplish bronze tones with wide flaring form. I would prefer a 
little greater warmth in it but many like it. 

A splendid clump of Easter Morn that, as grown here, justified 
all the fine things said about it in recent years, leaving one only 
a poignant regret that it has done so badly in some of our eastern 
gardens. It is a much purer white than the somewhat overnamed 
Pnrissima, fine as that bluish white can be when it grows par¬ 
ticularly well. 

t j 

[ 14 ] 

Shining Waters was in fine display and good, as it has always 
been wherever I have seen it. Personally I prefer it over Sierra 
Blue though the latter is taller and larger as I have seen it. 

Chosen I saw for the first time, a large flower, good light yellow 
with greenish bronze at the throat. Standards are a bit too fluted, 
unless you like fluting. Fluted standards, like pinched falls, dimin¬ 
ish the color effect of any flower. 

Mount Cloud, a tall bluish white, low branching. 

Valiant, a sturdy flaring flower with bronzy yellow standards 
and falls more purple, veined at haft. 

There were some Pogo-cyclus things that were new to me, but 
these are probably not for our eastern gardens. Some Love is 
intriguing at close range. Over Here I found not impressive. Ovez 
has less satisfactory form than Some Love but presents at close 
range an interesting study in veining. Ormohr creates a good deal 
of excitement, but its chief value is still novelty. It is large, but 
soon floppy, and the color is a bit dull. 

Blue Peter is hardly blue but a good strong purple of medium 

An excellent clump of China Maid proclaimed itself of the color 
group of Eros. In form and substance it is a finer flower than Eros, 
displaying broad flatly held falls where Eros is pinched, but in 
color Eros still has the slight advantage of a rosier warmth. 

Regal Beauty is a bright bicolor but as the color lightens toward 
the margins of the falls there is the usual appearance of a faded 

Regent is a good deal like W. R. Dykes. 

Alta Rosa—tall and rosy as the name suggests, but individually 
not very distinctive, in fact one might almost call it commonplace. 

As in every experienced breeder’s garden there are many fine 
seedlings not one of which could have been discarded were there 
no other iris in the world. A considerable number of these are 
yellows of a color quality akin to Lady Paramount, sometimes 
deeper, sometimes lighter, but always with an indefinable quality 
that made me think of Lady Paramount though the latter may have 
no share in their ancestral picture. 

1570-5 was a huge bright medium yellow, branching above center, 
but unfortunately with pinched falls. 

1491-5 was another lovely yellow of fine form; deeper in color 

than Laclv Paramount and with a form more characterful. It is 

rufflv but not objectionably so. 

[ 15 ] 

A series designated as 1970-20 to 1970-24 consists of fine yellows; 
-22 is wide flaring with only a little white at the throat; -24 displays 
splendid falls, wider and better held than -22. Standards are 
good but a little loosely held. 

1997-11 is yellow with fine, broadly circular, down-hanging falls, 
a vertical to globular flower. 

1006-7 is a lovely light blue of form like Easter Morn. It made 
me think of the old Celesye for color though a much larger flower 
as it appears here. 

1 ‘ Pale Blue ’ ’ was also lovely in color and form; ruffled beauti¬ 
fully, if you like ruffling—to others it may suggest spent flower. 

The next high light of my trip was the iris garden of Miss 
Ruth Rees and her sister at San Jose. Here was the finest new 
iris I saw on the AVest Coast. It will classify as a white though 
definitely blue-toned, a little bluer than Purissima. It is tall, well 
branched, large flowered with widely flaring tips of the falls, hand¬ 
somely ruffled. I am not partial to ruffling as it usually occurs but 
here it was an added attraction to an otherwise very attractive 
flower. Miss Rees listed this as 11-12, a Purissima by Thais cross. 
Later I learned that the Salbachs will distribute this under the 
name of Snow Flurry. Considering the decided flurry on the part 
of observers there might seem a present fitness in the name aside 
from the color suggestion. 

And it was in the Rees garden that I saw a rich red-toned iris 
conspicuous for the absence of marring light area at the throat. 
It must have been around three feet high at a guess and corres¬ 
pondingly large flowered. I said, “If I were back home I’d say 
that was Arabian Prince. ” “ It is Arabian Prince, ’ ’ said Miss Rees ! 
I think Mr. Simpson lists it at Arlington, \ T a., as 27 inches. So 
much for old friends in new surroundings. 

We went direct from the Rees garden in San Jose to the Essig 
garden at Berkeley, a garden that clambers down a steep south 
slope at the rear of the house and, turned up to the sun, blooms 
about a week ahead of the other Berkeley gardens. Here the splen¬ 
did view down over the lowlands vies with the iris for the visitor’s 
attention, as lovely a garden setting as one could well wish. Here 
are mostly Essig varieties, often unnamed but much too good to 
throw away. Across the street a well drained spare bit of ground 
faced the house and serves as workshop for Prof. Essig’s iris activi¬ 
ties. Not all the new seedlings were yet in bloom but there was 
obviously a rather high level of quality in those blooming. In the 

[ 16 ] 

best of iris gardens now, with all that has already been done, it 
is rare to find a new variety that is really outstanding, so it is 
with no intentional disparagement that I chronicle the absence of 
such among those in bloom at the moment. 

With a trip to Yosemite intervening and a momentary relief 
from the surfeit of iris I returned May 3 for the scheduled luncheon 
at the Salbach garden. This and the Mitchell grounds adjoining 
are naturally associated in the mind of the visitor as all one 
garden. The Salbach garden being a commercial garden as well 
as a breeder’s workshop, presented more variety than any of the 
other gardens visited. 

Also, an apparent shortage of water left portions of it relatively 
less well grown than were some of the smaller gardens. I suppose 
it is simply inevitable that in any large commercial garden, and 
perhaps not less so in many a home garden as well, the older and 
less expensive or less profitable varieties suffer from relative neglect 
while the rare and expensive varieties become “teacher’s pets.” No 
blame attaches to this situation. It is simply inherent in the nature 
of things. 

There were too many lovely things in the garden to tempt one 
to much specific comment and I admit with shame that my notes 
grow scantier with the increasing numbers present and with the 
advancement of the season and the increasing acuteness of my 
iris debauch. 

Jacob Sass’s Prairie Sunset, though represented by a single 
stalk and not reputedly of normal height, would have been recog¬ 
nized by any one as a Sass product. A bit of ruffling, standards a 
bit loose, but lovely warm coloring considerably deeper toned than 
Clara Noyes. A good blended self. 

Miss California, a large, slightly bi-colored pink purple self, was 
not particularly distinguished. 

Lighthouse, a bronzy variegata with rich beard. 

Mrs. J. L. Gibson, a very dark bi-color; fine form but flowers 
too crowded. 

Prof. S. B. Mitchell, a rich claret with dark broad falls. Very 
effective as to color though a bit floppy. 

Among the seedlings here, there were several plicata derivatives 
that were very intriguing at close range. 

I also noted No. 22-33 of Salbach as a very rich purple with 
bronze beard and no lightness at throat. Flower wide flaring; a 
valuable dark-toned self. 

[ 17 ] 

At this point my notes petered out in the clear hot sunshine that 
burned my nose to the appearance of a toper. Besides it is not 
conducive to copious note taking to have Iris people gathered to¬ 
gether from the far corners, eager to exchange greetings and im¬ 
pressions of the here and yonder. From New Hampshire, from 
Virginia and the Carolinas, from Iowa and Nebraska, Texas and the 
far North AVest—it was inevitable that converse should flow to the 
somewhat suppression of paper and pencil. I had to admit that 
despite some discomfort from a too ardent sun, California had 
staged for me ten days of perfect weather conditions with none of 
the cantankerous fogs one sometimes hears about. And I shall not 
cease to wish that my Maryland garden might grow iris as happily 
as I saw them growing along the AVest Coast. 


Julius Dornblut, Jr. 

■ Each bearded iris season brings many pleasures, but none has 
brought more to western irisarians than the 1939 season. The 
Berkeley gardens of Carl Salbach, Sydney Mitchell, and Edward 
Essig were at their very best during the week of the American Iris 
Society’s annual meeting. These places with their beautiful and 
dramatic settings always enchant me. The Salbach and Mitchell 
gardens overlooking AVildcat Canyon and the rolling hills of coastal, 
central California seem to be enveloped in a gossamer aura which 
reminds one of some of Debussy’s most delightful music. A spec¬ 
tacular view of San Francisco and the Golden Gate makes the Essig 
gardens ever-conducive to romantic dreaming about “ ships that go 
to sea. ’ ’ 

Meeting many of the members, the A.I.S. president, Dr. H. IT 
Everett of Nebraska, Dr. Robert Graves of New Hampshire, Mr. 
Robert Schreiner of Minnesota, Mrs. L. J. Blake of South Carolina, 
and Mrs. C. R. Slauter of Texas, to name but a few, proved to be 
fully as interesting as the many new iris. 

Hans Sass’ Prairie Sunset brought forth many a comment. 
Someone remarked about its color. Immediately a bystander asked, 
“How would vou describe it?” 

[ 18 ] 

“Onion skin pink,” came as the first answer. 

‘ ‘ Oh, but that is so prosaic! ’ ’ another admirer said, 1 ‘ It looks 
just like a new penny.” 

‘ 4 That, ’ ’ still another member of the group parried, “ is a difficult 
basis for comparison when one never sees a new copper in these 

days of recession. ’ * 


“It reminds me very definitely,” mused one who evidently was 
reared on the plains, “of what it is named after, a glorious prairie 
sunset. ’ ’ 

Magnificently beautiful color it does have. Other qualities can 
be determined only when one sees it growing on a plant which has 
had an opportunity to make itself at home. When I looked up its 
ancestry, though, I became a bit apprehensive. Let us hope that 
Midgard’s habit of producing several misshapen blooms per stalk 
will never be shared by its grandchild. 

Fair Elaine is truly as fair a flower as an iris lover could hope to 
see in his fondest dreams. The 2% x 2 % inch standards are creamy- 
yellow 7 with more intense color at the base. There is a suggestion of 
crinkling around the lower part of the standards. Fair Elaine’s 
semi-flaring 2^4 inch round falls have the yellow of California Gold 
minus much of the olive of that variety, and are set off with a 
brilliant orange beard. In the haft veining there is a slight sug¬ 
gestion of green. To some the falls may seem a bit narrow at the 
haft. The 38 inch stalk starts branching 9 to 12 inches above the 
ground; carries three open blooms with six buds, and has an over¬ 
all width of 9 inches from the outside tips of the falls. In general 
appearance Fair Elaine is very clean and finished, but with its 
Happy Days parentage, and consequently Dykes inheritance, I am 
keeping my fingers crossed. 

Because of its Gold Medal aw T ard in the International Iris Contest 
in Rome, E. B. Williamson attracted considerable attention. The 
round standards measure 2% inches in diameter and the rounded 
falls 2 V 2 x 2 % inches. The rosy-bronze standards have a slight 
lavender-brown undertone; the falls are a deep rosy-brown. A 
vivid, orange beard sets in the midst of a moderately reticulated 
haft. With tw^o out of a possible seven flowers open at a time, it 
did not earn a high mark for floriferousness. The 36 inch stalk is 
8 inches wide from tip of flower to tip of flow 7 er, and starts branch¬ 
ing 12 to 18 inches above the rhizome. 

In Song of Gold iris fans are given a superlatively fine yellow 
without a trace of Dykes in its ancestry. It is a very clear, medium 

[ 19 ] 

yellow just a bit deeper in tone than Happy Days. The rounded 
standards are 2% x 2% inches. A light orange beard sets off the 
2Vs x 21/2 inch flaring falls which have one very faint green vein 
through the center. Three well-spaced blooms open at a time on a 
36 inch stalk remind one of a group of heavily gold-dusted butter¬ 
flies with wings outspread. Each stalk carries the promise of nine 
blooms for the season; starts branching on the 14 inch mark on the 
stalk, and measures 9 inches wide from the outermost tips of the 

At Essigs’ a clump of Song of Gold covered with bloom left 
nothing to be desired for garden value. Its only fault may be that 
the falls are somewhat narrow at the haft. In the stiff competition 
with the many fine yellows already in commerce, Song of Gold, be¬ 
cause of its trim appearance, clean parentage, and different form, 
will undoubtedly make a niche for itself. 

Morocco Rose has rounded, open 2V4 x 2% inch lavender-rose 
standards, and 2x2% inch straight-hanging falls of deeper laven¬ 
der-rose topped by a lemon beard. It failed to arouse great en¬ 
thusiasm in me. True, the falls have a delicate metallic sheen upon 
opening, but they are heavily veined and reticulated. Then, with 
but two out of a possible seven flowers open at a time, it is not 
exactly free-flowering. The 32 inch stalk has close, short branches; 
the first branch is 4 inches above the halfway mark. Its overall 
width seems narrow at 6 inches. Later in the season at the Northern 
garden in Yakima, I was able to compare this with Miss California. 
While they do not have the same color values, I much prefer Miss 
California as an iris, even if it does fade. 

The neat, trim, silky Piute is a fine approach to red. In effect the 
standards are deep wine-red, the straight-hanging falls an even 
deeper wine-red. Inconspicuous reticulations make for a smooth¬ 
appearing flower. The ruler showed that the round standards 
measured 2% inches in diameter, and that the falls are 2% x 2 
inches. As it obviously was not well established, complete stalk 
and bloom data were not taken, though the flowers did appear to 
be carried well up and down the stalk. 

Golden Majesty is a fine, clear, deep yellow. Its round, silken, 
slightly-crinkled standards are 2% inches in diameter; the round 
falls measure 2% inches, show but a slight amount of olive veining 
around the haft and the pale orange beard. Three of the eight to 
nine possible flowers are open at a time. These are carried on a 
36 inch stalk which starts branching from 9 to 12 inches above the 

[ 20 ] 

rhizome. An overall width of 6 inches indicates a narrow stalk, 
though the individual flowers are not crowded as they are placed 
well up and down the stalk and do not toe in. What Golden 
Majesty’s Dykes parentage will do for it (or should I say against 
it?) only time will tell. 

In Miss Grace Sturtevant’s Valiant one finds a distinctive and 
unusual iris personality. Its round, 2% inch bronze-yellow stand¬ 
ards have just a slight suggestion of lavender along the midrib. 
The 2% x 2 % inch falls are edged with a narrow band of bronzed 
yellow, and are enlivened by an orange beard. Olive-brown reticula¬ 
tions play around the narrow haft. Individual blossoms are well 
displayed on a fairly good 44 inch stalk which branches 16 inches 
from the ground. Three out of eight flowers are open at a time. 
The overall width of a stalk of bloom is 9 inches. 

Several easterners, including Dr. Graves, stood around Professor 
Essig’s Mount Washington and made remarks about westerners 
stealing eastern thunder. In New England they do have thunder 
storms around Mount Washington, don’t they? Dr. Ivleinsorge 
walked up and was evidently waiting for such an opportunity. At 
once he proceeded to reel off a list of western geographical termi¬ 
nology which had been pilfered by eastern hybridizers. 

Standing 50 inches high in the Salbach display garden, Mount 
Washington seemed superior to Purissima that day. I can’t believe 
it now, but that is what my notes say. Mount Washington is a warm 
white with suggestions of gold at the base of the stands and a few 
inconspicuous lemon reticulations at the haft. Further warmth 
comes from a lemon beard. Round 2 1 / 4 inch standards are ruffled 
a bit at the edges. Its semi-flaring falls measure 2% inches in 
diameter. Wide branching gives an overall width of 11 inches, 
starts below the halfway mark on the stalk. There are three open 
flowers showing out of a possible nine. If Mount Washington per¬ 
forms as well elsewhere as it does at home, it should become a very 
popular variety indeed. 

Monadnock I saw last year in Oregon. A large-flowered red, it 
carries a hint of lavender undercoloring. The reticulations are in¬ 
conspicuous and the lemon beard is a short one. Monadnock’s 
standards measure 2% x 3 inches; the slightly flaring falls are 
2 % inches in diameter. Three flowers are displayed at a time with 
promises of five more. The flowers are well spaced on the 38 inch 
high, 8 inch wide stalk. The first branch starts out 12 inches from 
the ground. 

[ 21 ] 

Measuring a bit more than two feet tall, Radiant makes a color¬ 
ful iris for the front part of the border. Its round, bronzed, old- 
gold standards are large for the height of the iris— 2^2 inches in 
diameter. The reddish-brown falls measure 2% x 2 inches. Two out 
of seven blossoms are out at a time. Branching starts 6 inches 
above the rhizome. Some of the flowers are partly hidden by the 
foliage. At times there is considerable bunching. While visiting 
in eastern Washington later in May, Mr. Maxwell told me that 
Radiant had never failed in that locality as a fall bloomer. Every 
single plant flowered there last fall. Every plant I saw there 
this spring was covered with bloom. 

Carved Ivory would rank as a superfine cream if it did not 
Dykes spot so terribly. Oyez, one of Clarence White’s unique 
Polyhymnia X Jubilee hybrids, furnishes an exotic note. Bridal 
Veil is a delightful medium height white. I wish I had taken time 
to jot down data on Snoqualmie. It looked like a very fine cream- 

Two seedlings which appeared promising in Berkeley were 
Essig’s .1439 A, a good large-flowered cream, and Salbach’s bright 
Copper Lustre X Radiant seedling which carries the garden name 
of Orange Flame. Professor Mitchell has the beginnings of a race 
of yellow ground plicatas with good branching. 

Many a dull day will be brightened with the memories of the 
annual meeting—the charming hospitality of the Salbachs, the pre¬ 
cious moments snatched from looking at iris to admire the gazanias 
in the Mitchell garden under the guidance of Dr. Kleinsorge, Dr. 
Everett’s and Dr. Graves’ sprightly repartee at one of the lunch¬ 
eons, Mrs. Clarence White’s finely executed paintings of some of 
Mr. White’s onco crosses, the showing of slides the night of the 
banquet, an evening on Treasure Island. 

For a number of years it has been my custom to go to eastern 
Washington for several days to bask and bake in the warm sun¬ 
shine of that locality’s early spring. Last year it was my pleasure 
to combine this annual warming up with a visit with five avid iris 
fans. Again this spring I shared the sunny weather and sunny 
enthusiasm of Mr. and Mrs. Luke Norton, Mr. Alexander Maxwell, 
and Mr. and Mrs. William Roan. 

After reading Mr. R. M. Cooley’s glowing report about his garden 
in the Bulletin Supplement, Mr. Norton began to worry that this 
year of all years the iris might not do so well. Practically every iris 
in the garden was doing its very best to outdo Mr. Cooley’s descrip- 

[ 22 ] 

tion. Never have I seen iris growing so well or blooming so pro¬ 
fusely. Those fortunate few who trekked all the way to Yakima 
found a rainbow end of iris, if not of gold, at Nortons. 

Prairie Sunset was not yet in bloom here. It had a little fence 
around it to protect it from dogs and cats. However, the Norton 
cat, Felix, risked the loss of his hide, decided Sunday morning that 
inside the fence was the most desirable spot in the whole garden. 
Mr. Maxwell later wrote to say that Prairie Sunset had survived 
everything, and that he and the Nortons liked it very much; be¬ 
lieved it worth the money. Whether or not Felix still climbs 
fences the letter did not say. 

Of the Sass’ Siegfried, Orloff, Tiffany yellow ground plicata trio, 
Tiffany is the only one I had not seen before. It is probably the 
best iris of the three, everything considered. By all standards the 
color combination should not be harmonious, yet the effect of the 
flower as a whole is not at all unpleasing. The domed standards 
have a cream ground, are veined and speckled rose-lavender toward 
the edges, measure 2 % inches in diameter. Tiffany’s straight¬ 
hanging falls are 2 1 / 4 x 2 % inches in size, have a large center area 
of cream-white split bj r a light rose-lavender vein in the center. 
Around the thin orange beard the cream-white area deepens to yel¬ 
low. A repetition of the distinctive rose-lavender speckling and 
veining motif of the stands is found around the border of the falls, 
though the coloring is intensified. 

Tiffany’s floriferousness is attested by some stems which show 
five blooms open at a time. As many as twelve flowers may be ex¬ 
pected from one of its 36 inch stalks. “One stalk is a bouquet,” 
is the way Mr. Maxwell put it. While the flowers are placed fairly 
well up and down the branches, they are held too close to the stem 
and to each other. The overall stalk width is 9 inches. The branch¬ 
ing starts well below the halfway mark. 

When one compares Ming Yellow with Happy Days, one finds 

that both are about the same in size and coloring, though the falls 

of the former seem a trifle deeper in color when the flowers first 

open. While Ming Yellow’s falls show the fine semi-flaring form 

of Depute Nomblot, one of its parents, the standards of Happy 

Days are much more crinkled. Both have a slight suffusion of olive 

at the haft; both reveal Dykes ancestry by flecking. Ming Yellow 

has a larger beard. Happy Days seemed more floriferous, though 

this may have been because it was better established. 


In the bright sun The Red Douglas has a great deal of carrying 

f 23 ] 

power. The 36 inch stalks carry from two to three wine-purple 
flowers open at a time. The Reel Douglas’ silken, golden-dustecl 
standards measure 2 y 2 x 3 inches, and the slightly reticulated falls’ 
dimensions are 2% x 3 inches. Eight flowers on a 9 inch wide stalk 
during the season makes the mark for floriferousness quite average. 
Its substance, too, is just average, but its habit of carrying the 
flowers high on the stalk and turning some of these toward the 
stem is definitely The Red Douglas’ weak point. 

Few so-called reds, if any, are as luminous in all lights as Light¬ 
house. Perhaps the most striking feature of this iris is the light 
rose of the slightly-ruffled standards. These have a faint lavender 
undertone, have a very fine green line along the midrib. The lower 
part of the standards is light cream. An orange beard illumines the 
center section even more. A deeper shade of rose, undershot 
lavender, is found on the semi-flaring falls. Along the edges of the 
falls we find the rose shading to rose-tan. The haft is quite heavily 
reticulated. Measurements show that the standards are 2% x 3 
inches; the falls 2% x 2% inches; the stalk 36 inches high, 10 inches 
across at its widest point; the first branch shoots out along the 18 
inch mark. The count shows three out of a possible eight flowers 
guiding garden mariners at a time. Lighthouse seemingly holds 
its color well even in the hot sun. 

Among the newer variegatas City of Lincoln has received much 
notice. Crinkled, 2% x 2% inch, rich butter-yellow standards 
show a slight olive suffusion and bit of green veining on the lower 
midrib upon close inspection. Old Rialgar’s smaller standards left 
much the same color impression upon my mind at the end of the 
season. The 2% x 2% inch heavily reticulated falls seem narrow 
at the haft, and appear short in relation to the standards. In color 
the slightly flaring falls are velvety rose-brown with some purple 
undertone, have a narrow margin of the yellow of the standards. 
The beard is orange. As it was not well established, the flowering 
and branching details were not noted. 

Someone recently said that Orloff looked like “an egg nog 
sprinkled with cinnamon. ’ ’ A better condensation of floral descrip¬ 
tion would be hard to find. The slightly open, 2% inch round 
standards have a cream base, fairly clear at the center, are heavily 
speckled and flushed reddish-brown toward the outer edges and 
along the midrib. In the semi-flaring, round 2% inch falls we find 
the cream shading to cream-yellow, the speckling and suffusion a 
brighter reddish-brown. A short, orange beard lights up the some- 

[ 24 ] 

what narrow haft. Thirty-six inches high, Orloff’s three open 
blooms do not fade appreciably. A good stalk will give nine flowers 
during a season, but most of these, while held away from the stem, 
are near the top. The overall stalk width is 10 inches. 

Introduced last year as a good light blue for places where the 
incomparable Shining Waters just will not grow, Great Lakes ap¬ 
peared to me this year as a good iris in its own right. Pour feet 
high, 10 to 12 inches wide, branched well below the halfway mark, 
this campanula blue has one fault to mar an otherwise clean bill 
of health: the veinings are conspicuous both on the 2 y 2 x 2% 
inch standards and on the deeper toned 2% round, flaring falls. 
With its short, orange-tipped beard, it nevertheless makes a fine 
garden iris. 

Elsa Sass might best be described as a fairly innocuous, water- 
spotting lemon or canary yellow. Oregon Sunshine in the Roan 
garden at Ellensburg justified the enthusiasm I had for it as a 
primrose yellow when I first saw it at originator Weed’s planting 
in Oregon two years ago. Noontide, another yellow Depute Nombolt 
descendant, flecks. If Snowking will ever come out of hiding, 
one might become better acquainted. But, what with war and 
rumors of revolutions, one can’t blame him, I suppose. Mrs. 
Willard Jaques, a new pink which has received considerable public¬ 
ity, has poor substance, fades. A number of flowers on each stalk 
are misshapen. Just what kind of cows do the French have to pro¬ 
duce the rosy-lavender flush on the creamy-tan Cafe an Lait? Pink 
Imperial lacks substance. Wabash is a striking amoena. 

When an iris enthusiast like Mr. Maxwell places his time and 
car at your disposal, when other fans like Mr. and Mrs. Norton 
make you feel absolutely at home while staying with them, when 
another couple of good gardeners like Mr. and Mrs. Roan give you 
a fine Sunday dinner, then you fully realize how the common love 
for iris makes the iris season something to be yearned for ten 
months out of the year. 

My schedule this year could not be conveniently arranged so 
that I might stop over in Oregon on my way back from California. 
Bob Schreiner, with whom I had a grand visit on the northbound 
train until he stopped off at Salem, wrote to tell me that Dr. 
Ivleinsorge’s garden was especially fine this j^ear despite the early 
spring drought. 

In both the George Brehm and P. A. Thole gardens I found in¬ 
teresting seedlings. However, the object of my last year’s affections 

[ 25 ] 

in the Brehm garden last year turned on me. What I hailed as a 
perfect yellow, namely 709, flecks. Dear Mr. Editor, may I swear? 
This year Mr. Brehm, perfect host, grand scout, and gardener su¬ 
preme (Per-Mr. Dornblut see letter 7-14-39), had another batch of 
promising freshmen; a good pinkish-lavender plicata, another deep 
yellow, and a tall, large-flowered, well-branched blend suggestive 
of Fair Elaine. Mr. Thole had one which looked good, a light 
lavender self out of Purissima X Dauntless. 

Many another new iris was seen during these hurried trips of 
May and June. A goodly number are worthy, and an even greater 
number are not. In evaluating the whole crop as seen in the various 
western plantings mentioned, though, it does seem that the general 
average of introduction is slowly growing better year by year. 
True, dozens of myopic originators still have buck fever; fire a good 
many unnecessary shots, much to the pain and sorrow of the un¬ 
lucky purchasers, but there are many hybridizers who are looking 
at their seedlings at least two or three years before firing. 1939 
was indeed a most enjoyable and very encouraging season. 

Upper—Chancellor Kirkland’s garden with C. E. F. Gersdorff 

Center—Chancellor Kirkland’s gardens 

Lower — Mr. Washington, Mr. Gersdorff, Mrs. Grant, Dr. Grant, 

Mrs. Nesmith 

[ 26 ] 

G. L. PiTkington 

[ 27 ] 


Junius P. Fishburn 

■ This printed set of notes, being sent to about one hundred iris 
enthusiasts, is probabty highly presumptuous. The whole thing 
started with about a dozen typewritten copies of notes exchanged 
with a few friends two years ago. Last year there were fifteen or 
twenty requests for my notes, so they were mimeographed. This 
year a great deal of traveling led to more promises of exchanges of 
notes, and printing seemed the more convenient way under all 
the circumstances. But there must be a few personal words of 
warning directed to everyone who receives these notes and reads 

First, no one knows better than I that no one person, regardless 
of the amount of traveling done, can possibly see all the good 
new iris, grown at its best, in any one year or in any five years; 
consequently, I have missed many fine things, and I have seen 
other fine things grown at a disadvantage. Also I have had to 
hurry from garden to garden, which isn’t conducive to sound 

Secondly, I likewise realize that I have very definite prejudices, 
particularly as to color and form, and that these notes reflect these 

Thirdly, in an effort to seem unbiased and critical, and in order 
to try not to say kind words for everybody and everything, I have 


probably condemned, either directly or with faint praise, some 
things which have real merit. 

Lastly, I very decidely want the reactions of those iris enthusiasts 
who bother to read these lengthy notes. In particular, I would 
like to know wherein the people who read them disagree with me. 
Only in this way can I form sounder judgment about many of 
these varieties. So I very earnestly request every one receiving 
them to give me their frank opinions. 

I am attempting to approach this sketch of the 1939 iris season 
in three ways: Part One—the various itineraries covered and the 
gardens visited, by geographical regions; in this section there will 

[ 28 ] 

appear most of the notes on very new named varieties and on num¬ 
bered seedlings. Part Two—varietal notes listed alphabetically, for 
convenient reference. Part Three—discussion by color groups. 

So with apologies for the haste with which the notes are done 
and with appreciation to the people who expressed an interest 
in them, here goes! 

Part One 

The American Iris Society’s 1939 Pacific Coast “trek” was a real 
success from the point of view of every one who participated in it. 
Although there was a relatively small number of members from 
the eastern part of the country participating, nevertheless these 
easterners were from widely distributed geographical areas and 
were intensely enthusiastic iris lovers. The trip was really divided 
into three separate parts, first, in and around Pasadena, secondly, 
in and around Berkeley and San Francisco, and thirdly, in Oregon 
and Washington. It was my misfortune, both becouse of pressure 
of business matters at home and because of my own garden, to be 
compelled to return east at the end of the Berkeley program and 
thus to have missed some very fine iris in the northwest. 

The southern California portion of the trek was under the gen¬ 
eral chairmanship of Mrs. Kenneth L. Reynolds, who is an ardent 
iris enthusiast, and whose husband is well known in the daffodil 
world. The Reynolds’ hillside garden was one of the most unique 
and beautiful places which we were privileged to see during our 
entire California trip. Of course, the iris interest in Pasadena 
centered principally around the fine commercial garden of the Milli- 
kens. Here we saw three of Mr. Milliken’s fine introductions beau¬ 
tifully grown, namely, China Maid, Mount Cloud and Blue Spire, 
all of which seem to have been successful all over the country. Sun- 
gold, his new yellow, was quite showy in mass, and from it he is get¬ 
ting many other fine yellow seedlings. A Chosen X Sungold cross 
produced a remarkably fine lot of yellows in his seedling patch. In 
addition to yellows, he had among his seedlings one very flaring 
gray-blue, numbered 2006-2, which seemed to me and to other judges 
to be slightly more blue in tone than any iris yet introduced. Most 
of Mr. Milliken’s six 1939 introductions had been divided last year 
and were blooming rather late this year, with the result that the 

[ 29 ] 

visitors did not see them at their best. The two which impressed 
me most were Regal Beauty, very large, rich and bright, and 
Sparkling Frost, a blue-white with a fine sparkle in the sunlight. 
Most of the eastern irises blooming in this garden were showing up 
very badly, and many southern California irises with which we 
have difficulty in the east, such as Brown Betty, Lady Paramount 
and others, were blooming gorgeously. 

One of the highlights of the whole California trip was the day 
spent at the Redlands home of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence G. White, 
from which garden have come so many fine things such as Chosen, 
Lady Paramount, Fiesta, Brown Betty, Mohrson, Sweet Alibi and 
a host of others. Mr. White’s keenest enthusiasm has been trans¬ 
ferred from the tall bearded class to the so-called onco-breds, in 
which he is making real, if slow, progress. All iris enthusiasts can 
thank him for his interest in this group, because there are not many 
places in the country where this type of breeding can be pursued 
with any success whatever. We were too late to see the best bloom 
on these onco-breds. We did see blooming well Some Love (I con¬ 
sider this the most attractive one so far), Oyez and Near East, the 
first two having been introduced by Mr. Milliken for Mr. White 
last year, and Near East being introduced this year. We saw a 
number of other interesting ones, some of which are scheduled for 
later introduction. Incidentally, the finest clump of Mohrson I have 
ever seen was in Mr. White’s garden, far larger and taller than it 
has been in any other gardens visited elsewhere. If I could grow it 
as well as he grows it, I think I would consider it the best William 
Mohr seedling introduced thus far. 

Most of us had a struggle to pull Mr. White away from his onco- 
bred beds back to his tall bearded seedlings, but we were well justi¬ 
fied in attempting to re-arouse his interest in the tall bearded ones, 
because he had at least a half dozen seedlings which were startlingly 
good. Some of them were named at the insistence of the Iris Society 
visitors and may reach the market a couple of years later. All of 
the seedlings were beautifully grown, with the most vigorous foliage 
we saw anywhere on the West Coast. The seedlings which appealed 
to me most were, first, Symbol, a seedling from Fiesta and Naranja, 
which is a softer, better formed Naranja, thoroughly pleasing in 
every way and which most of us found difficulty in rating at less 
than 95. Answer was a fine flaring deep yellow, with a smooth, 
deeper yellow wash on the haft. This was a Chosen and Fiesta 
cross. Many of the finest seedlings we saw were from Chosen. 

f 30 ] 

Judging by results gotten both at Mr. White’s and at Mr. Milliken’s 
through the use of Chosen, this newer yellow variety of Mr. White’s 
must be one of the best parents yet produced. Another Chosen 
and Fiesta cross was a fine yellow blend named Morning Song which 
seemed to me to be on the order of Midwest Gem. There were a 
number of other fine Chosen seedlings among his yellows and at 
least three or four, in addition to Answer, were superior to any 
named yellows which I have seen. A very deep yellow with striped 
falls, an infinitely better Nebraska, and which Dr. Everett liked, 
was named, perhaps jokingly, Ex-President, since, when Mr. White 
wanted to name it President Everett, Dr. Everett insisted that he 
would shortly be an ex-president. One of the very finest seedlings 
was a yellowish-white with fine ruffling, tentatively named Cali¬ 
fornia Trek. It was somewhat on the order of Sweet Alibi, but 
considerably finer. 

Most of us who saw these beautifully grown seedlings at Mr. 
White’s would have been delighted to grow any one of two or three 
dozen of them in our own gardens. There is just one reservation 
which in fairness must be mentioned. All of Mr. White’s tall 
bearded iris was magnificently grown under slats, and was probably 
fertilized, since he isn’t bothered with any danger of rot because 
there are no rains in California for the five or six warmer months. 
The named varieties growing there were grown far better than most 
of us can possibly grow them. Consequently, these highly promis¬ 
ing seedlings, grown there under these ideal conditions, may not 
seem quite so fine when they get away from their home garden. 
But the fact remains that, as Mr. White grows them, his seedlings 
were as fine as anything most of us have seen during the entire iris 

A third most interesting iris garden near Pasadena was that of 
Mr. J. N. Giridlian, in Arcadia. Mr. Giridlian grows many eastern 
irises better than they are grown anywhere else on the West Coast, 
due to unusually intelligent care and struggle with them. He had 
quite a number of interesting seedlings, the outstanding one in 
most people’s judgment being an orange-yellow which had the best 
orange tones I have seen in an iris. 

This is no place to discuss what most of us did between the Pasa¬ 
dena and Berkeley portions of the meeting, other than to say that 
the gap gave many of us a chance to see Grand Canyon, Boulder 
Dam, the Yosemite Park and the extraordinarily attractive Golden 
Gate Exposition in San Francisco. When the program formally 

[ 31 ] 

got under way in Berkeley on May 2, the Salbachs’ extensive and 
very lovely garden was about at its best and many of us were 
privileged to visit it several times during the next week and thus 
see nearly everything blooming well. The intensely interesting 
garden of Dr. and Mrs. Sydney B. Mitchell adjoins the Salbach 
garden and contains the widest possible variety of interesting plant 
material in addition to a very fine collection of daffodils, all of 
which were through blooming, and in addition to their tall bearded 
iris. Professor Essig’s fine hillside garden is only a few blocks 
away. There can only be hurried reference to the fine things we 
saw in all three of these gardens. Professor Essig had blooming 
beautifully all of his recent introductions such as Mount Washing¬ 
ton, just about as fine a white as anyone could ask for; Silent 
Waterfall, a very interesting two-tonecl white; Song of Gold, a 
splendid yellow, more flaring than most; Carved Ivory, a fine 
cream; and, of course, all of his splendid prize-winning blues, in¬ 
cluding Sierra Blue, Shining Waters, and Pale Moonlight. He had 
a very interesting seedling bed which included in particular some 
promising cream-colored irises as well as a number of yellows. 
Due to considerable traveling, his interest in hybridizing has slowed 
down considerably in the last two or three years, but he seems to 
be starting again with renewed enthusiasm, a fact for which the 
members of the Iris Society can be very thankful. 

Dr. Mitchell has given us so many fine irises that it is impossible 
to name them all here, but of course many of our finest yellows, 
starting with Alta California and coming down through Cali¬ 
fornia Gold, Happy Days, Golden Bear, Sunburst and others, have 
come from this one hybridizer. Last year the Salbachs introduced 
for Dr. Mitchell a magnificent two-toned yellow, Fair Elaine, which 
probably is the best yellow Dr. Mitchell has introduced yet, and is 
certainly one of the half dozen finest irises I saw this year. Al¬ 
though he had several fine yellow seedlings, his interest in yellows 
has waned considerably except for his hope that from Fair Elaine 
he mav get other still more definitelv bi-colors in the yellow class. 
He is not doing as much crossing as formerty, but at the moment 
seems particularly interested in pinks, amoenas and yellow plicatas. 
He has written me that after the visitors had left he bloomed for 
the first time a most interesting pink seedling which came from 
Monadnock and a pink seedling of his own. 

Mr. Salbach had introduced in 1938 a magnificent deep yellow, 
Golden Majesty, which is as fine as any deep yellow self marketed 

[ 32 ] 

thus far, and with the introduction of this, his interest in yellows 
seems likewise to have abated. He had a huge number of seedlings 
blooming this year, many of which represented his attempts at 
better pinks. While no startling progress was indicated by this 
year’s crop of seedlings, most of the hybridizers who visited his 
garden felt that he is working in the right direction, and that we 
may expect better pink irises from him in the near future. One 
pink blend, which was one of the best of the ’39 seedlings, was 
named California Peach, and may be introduced later. The only 
1939 Salbach origination is Deep Velvet, a very, very fine deep 
purple, which, while on the blue side, has some red tones in it. 
Its form is excellent and its color is bright, and it should go far. 
Mr. Salbach is planning to patent this one, along with Snow Flurry, 
a startling new blue-white which comes from Miss Rees, in San 
Jose. Snow Flurry was one of the most remarkable irises seen this 
year. It is very large, very ruffled and every stalk contains a re¬ 
markable number of blooms, one of them actually having seventeen. 
Particularly those visitors who were hybridizers found this startling 
new blue-white intensely interesting. Mr. Salbach is also catalogu¬ 
ing this year Narada, a fine big ruffled light blue from Mr. Brehm, 
and three interesting irises from Dr. Kleinsorge. Red Velvet, a 
purple on the reddish side, seemed rather ordinary in some lights, 
but in the right light was as glowing as any red-purple I have ever 
seen. Copper Cascade is a coppery blend of better form than 
Copper Lustre. Redwood, the third Kleinsorge introduction, I did 
not see in good bloom. Of course, all of the earlier Salbach 
introductions, such as Bronzino, Radiant and others, were blooming 
beautifully. Many of them will be mentioned in the later sections of 
these notes. Only one other iris needs to be mentioned here, namely, 
Prairie Sunset, which was agreeable enough to open its first bloom 
on the day which the visitors were scheduled to visit the Salbach 
garden. While this one-year plant did not seem as impressive as a 
clump of it had seemed at Hans Sass’ last year, nevertheless, the 
color was remarkably fine and confirmed the excellent impression 
I had formed of it in 1938, to the effect that it was the finest Sass 
iris yet introduced and the loveliest color I had ever seen in an iris. 

In Berkeley, as in Pasadena, not many eastern irises were grow¬ 
ing well. In fact, it can be said, generally speaking, that eastern 
iris does not grow anything like so well in California as California 
iris grows in the middle west and in the east. In past years there 
has been some complaint about tenderness and other erratic ten- 

[ 33 ] 

dencies of California varieties transplanted into the east and middle 
west. In more recent years very few with tender strains have been 
introduced, and in my garden in Virginia, at least, recent Cali¬ 
fornia introductions have grown remarkably well. For the benefit 
of those, however, for whom they have not done particularly well 
it ought to be said that they do grow magnificently in their home 
gardens and quite live up to descriptions from their introducers. 
All of the California hybridizers were thoroughly appreciative of 
the long trip made by the eastern visitors and were frankly solici¬ 
tous and interested regarding the growing habits of their produc¬ 
tions in the east. Certainly the trip as a whole did a great deal to 
bring the eastern and western iris enthusiasts far closer together, 
and it is to be hoped that many of the California iris enthusiasts 
will be able to attend the annual meeting in Chicago and the middle 
west next year. 

Even in these notes, limited primarily to discussion of newer iris, 
it is appropriate to mention not only the fine hospitality of our 
California hosts and hostesses, but the intelligence with which they 
arranged the detailed plans and itineraries both in northern and 
southern California. To the Reynolds, the Whites, the Millikens, 
the Giridlians and Mrs. Lothrop in southern California, and to the 
Salbachs, the Mitchells and the Essigs in Berkeley, those fortunate 
enough to make the trip west this year owe a real debt of gratitude. 

Both for those who continued into the northwest and for those 
of us who returned east, the death of Edward Salbach in an auto¬ 
mobile accident a week after our departure from Berkeley, came 
as a very real and very saddening shock. He had become recognized 
as one of the coming younger men in iris circles, as a very enthusi¬ 
astic worker for the Iris Society and as an exceedingly discrim¬ 
inating judge of iris. One of his last difficult assignments was that 
of making arrangements for the “trek” in the San Francisco area, 
and no one could have done a better job. 

I returned to my garden in Roanoke, Va., on May 11 to find my 
iris coming into full bloom and also to find that, because of a very 
dry spring, the stalks were not typically tall nor the blooms typi¬ 
cally large. Since I had bloom on very few varieties other than 
those introduced in 1938 and earlier, and since most of these will 
be covered in the sections of these notes hereafter, I will not attempt 
to describe at any length here results in my own garden. I was 
delighted, however, to find so many of the newer California varie¬ 
ties blooming as well as they had been blooming in California, 

[ 34 ] 

notably Fair Elaine, Golden Majesty, Snoqualmie, Mount Wash¬ 
ington, Incognito, China Maid, Mount Cloud and Blue Spire. A 
number of the Sass varieties which I had secured as numbered 
seedlings but which had since been named, bloomed quite nicely, 
notably, Balmung, a much better yellow plicata than Siegfried, 
Golden Age, a nice deep yellow, Bonanza, Jake Sass’ good yellow 
plicata, Royal Coach, quite a colorful and bright smaller yellow 
plicata, and Elsa Sass, which in color is a most distinctive yellow. 
Stained Glass, from Dr. Wilhelm, with the right sunlight on it, 
proved to be a most interesting coppery-red. Dr. Grant’s French 
Maid is an excellent pink blend of very fine form. Of the newer 
French varieties, Louvois and Aubanel were decidedly the best 
which I bloomed this year. Mary E. Nicholls, West Point and 
Crimson Tide, all from Colonel Nicholls, were very fine and deserve 
to be widely grown. Mr. Gage’s Red Bonnet is an exceptionally 
good red, and Thelma Jean, which he is introducing this year for 
Mr. Peck, is most appealing in color, at least to my eye. La Lorraine, 
an unintroduced blend from Dr. Ayres, was most attractive. Great 
Lakes was one of the finest new light blues I have seen. Royal Com¬ 
mand, from Mr. Hall, introduced by Schreiner this year, is a 
thoroughly rich, handsome, redder Persia type. Materhorn ran 
Mount Washington a close race for top honors among the whites, 
with Sierra Snow close behind. Bonsor, from Mr. Connell, and 
Belmont, from Mr. Williams, are two of the best recent ones from 
Nashville. The Red Douglas and City of Lincoln both bloomed 
beautifully for me and reflected real credit on the Sass brothers. 

I had the very great pleasure of having Mr. Pilkington, the 
president of the English Iris Society, in my garden for two days, 
as well as having a great many judges returning north from Nash¬ 
ville as my guests. It might as well be said here as anywhere else 
that my normal blooming season is May 10th to 20th, with the best 
bloom about the middle of the month, and that Mrs. Fishburn and 
I are always happy to have anyone visit the garden, even without 
advance notice, in cases where that is not possible. 

On May 23d I paid a short visit to Mrs. Hires’ fine garden in 
Ardmore, to find that her blooming season was late and that only 
about ten per cent of her varieties were in bloom. Some of the 
earlier things, notably Colonel Nicholls’ Bine Diamond and Dr. 
Kirkland’s Junaluska, were blooming magnificently in fine clumps. 

On May 30th I joined Mr. Pilkington and Vice President McKee 
for a visit to the gardens of Mr. Kenneth Smith on Staten Island, 

[ 35 ] 

and Mr. Fred Cassebeer at Nyack, N. Y. Both gardens displayed 
beautifully grown iris, many interesting newer things, and in par¬ 
ticular, some fine seedlings of Kenneth Smith’s and a wide variety 
of newer French introductions. Mr. Smith has two magnificent 
bright lemon chrome yellows of fine form, one, Yellow Jewel, being 
introduced this year, and the other, Yellow Glory, which will 
probably be introduced next year. He has a fine blue-white in 
Stella Polaris and a promising creamy one which won an H. C. at 
the World’s Fair show, and which was named Caroline Burr. He 
had a number of other good seedlings, but I was particularly pleased 
with a range of smaller seedlings, two of which were given H. C.’s 
at the World’s Fair show and both of which will probably be con¬ 
sidered intermediates. There were a half dozen of these smaller 
varieties which were most colorful and most excellent for massing. 
Several of them were Noweta and Eros crosses. My notes indicate 
that the H. C.’s were given to one called Honey and an unnamed 
one, X-62, but I am not sure that my records are correct. Of the 
newer French things seen in these two gardens, the outstanding 
ones in my judgment were Mine. Louis Aureau, Florentine, Mine. 
Maurice Lassailly, Louvois, Charlotte Millet, Sorrente and Aubanel. 
There were other moderately good ones and a number, particularly 
those of a dull variegata type, which I did not like at all. While 
I was not able to go to the New York show, arrangements for which 
had been handled by Mr. Smith and Mr. Cassebeer, reports indi¬ 
cated that it was quite successful. Both of these young men are 
enthusiastic and energetic workers in behalf of the Iris Society 
and will be a source of considerable strength to it. 

Two days later I joined Mr. David Hall at Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
and we visited Mr. Paul Cook and the Williamsons at Bluff ton. 
The Williamsons’ garden was well past its prime and had suffered 
considerably from lack of rain. We did, however, see many of their 
recent introductions, particularly the three I consider their best— 
AVabash, Amigo and Moonglo—growing beautifully. The first thing 
that struck our eyes at Paul Cook’s was a magnificent clump of 
E. B. Williamson, which corrected poor impressions of it which I 
had gained elsewhere. The striking thing about his field of seedlings 
is the uniformity of color which he has gotten from hundreds, if 
not thousands, of seedlings from E. B. Williamson. Many of them, 
mostly coppery reds, blooming for the first time this year, seemed 
quite fine, and will bear watching. Of his earlier unintroduced seed¬ 
lings, four in particular appealed to me, three of them E. B. 

I 36 ] 

Williamson seedlings: 3-37, a flaring salmon-orange, and 53-37 and 
and 54-37, both deep pink blends of fine color. The fourth seedling, 
25-37, was a pale lavender-pink, not unique in color, but exception¬ 
ally good in form and substance. However, since Mr. Cook is such 
a harsh judge of his own seedlings and has introduced only two 
varieties, namely, E. B. Williamson and Sable, it is by no means 
certain that these will ever be marketed. 

Returning to Chicago by way of Elkhart, we paid Mr. Lapham 
a hurried visit, where we were able to see his newest red, Red Gleam, 
which is the reddest red self I have seen, and is quite fine. He has 
concentrated on reds and pinks and has made real progress in both 
directions. Elizabeth Ann at first glimpse looked like a very good 
pink self, and Beverly was a rather nice salmon-pink blend. Spring 
Idyll, being introduced by Cooley this year, however, impressed 
me more than either of these two. It is a pink and white blend 
which while not large is quite cool and airy. 

In Mr. Hall’s garden I found again, as I found last year, the 
most beautifully grown seedlings I have ever seen anywhere and 
seedlings generally averaging higher in quality than any others 
it has been my privilege to see. Those fortunate enough to attend 
the annual meeting of the Iris Society in Chicago next year have a 
real treat in store for them when they see the best of Mr. Hall’s 
1938 and 1939 seedlings, with the 1940 crop added to them. He is 
getting fine form and substance in all of his things, and is getting 
some rather unique color breaks, in my judgment. Bermuda Sand, 
Coronet and May Day are all striking in color, and from these he 
has many fine seedlings in a wide range of apricot and coppery 
tones. In addition, he has several excellent reds, a number of very 
good yellows and some light and medium blue seedlings which 
appealed to me greatly. If I began listing the numbers of those 
I liked, I would have to list about fifty of them, and since none of 
them are definitely, at this time, scheduled for introduction, I will 
omit the numbers of these but will urge that as many people as 
possible see Mr. Hall’s garden at the time of the annual meeting 
next year. Ten of his seedlings have been named and introduced 
to date. I saw most of them in bloom in his garden and they were 
all thoroughly fine there, with May Day, Coronet, Spring Prom, 
Modiste and Royal Command being particularly impressive, in my 

A week later I wound up my 1939 iris season with two hurried 
days in New England, visiting the Kelloggs (too late to see much 

[ 37 ] 

bloom), Mr. McKee, Mr. Gage, Mrs. Nesmith, Mrs. Lewis and Dr. 
Graves. Mr. McKee’s garden is small bnt most of his things are 
beautifully grown. Two of his named varieties, Janet Butler and 
Red Comet, looked quite fine in mass in their home garden. He 
had a number of fine white seedlings, including one blue-white, 38- 
47, which I liked particularly, and also several fine reds. In addi¬ 
tion, he had a discriminating number of better newer named things 
from other hybridizers. Mr. McKee and I then visited Mr. Gage in 
Natick (my first visit there) and I found an astonishing number of 
well-grown things, in gorgeous colorings, grown in a very small 
garden. Some of his earlier things, which have already made a 
name for themselves, such as Rosy Wings and Gloriole, were as fine 
as I have ever seen them. Of his newer ones I particularly liked 
Red Bonnet, being introduced this year, Arethusa, a Daphne-red 
self, which was given an H. M. several years ago but which has not 
been introduced, and two light red blends, Modesta and Ethelyn 
Ivleitz. He had a wide range of seedlings from Sylvanus, the best 
of which, in my judgment, was Prances Douglas. All of these 
seedlings were most unique in color but some of them a little too 
dull for my liking. Particularly in view of the limited space avail¬ 
able, Mr. Gage gets amazing results from his h} 7 bridizing, and his 
color breaks are outstanding. 

We were fortunate in finding Mrs. Nesmith’s garden in Lowell 
just about at its peak and in seeing many very new irises beauti¬ 
fully grown. The ones which appealed to me were Kenneth Smith’s 
Yellow Jewel, Mrs. Lewis’ Mayling Soong, Mr. Washington’s pink 
blend, Gay Dawn, and a cool, lovely pale yellow, Champagne Glow, 
Dr. Grant’s French Maid, and Mrs. Nesmith’s Saracen. This is 
just the beginning of the story, however, and I will attempt to cover 
other varieties in my alphabetical notes. She had many of the 
newer French things, several from Mr. Wareham, quite a number 
from Dr. Grant, and several other seedlings of Mrs. Lewis’, in ad¬ 
dition to the yellow named above. In addition to all these, of 
course, she had a fine showing of things only slightly older, such as 
her own Cortez, several of her fine whites, notably, Cathedral Dome 
and White Goddess, and all of Mr. Washington’s introductions, 
including two of the best red ones, Copper Crystal and Maya. Hers 
is certainly one garden to which anyone interested in newer varie¬ 
ties must go, because she has a wide range of them and they are 
beautifully arranged and beautifully grown. 

Later the same afternoon we visited Mrs. Lewis’ most attractive 

[ 38 ] 

garden and most extensive iris planting at Haverhill. In addition 
to her own seedlings, which included at least three fine yellows, she 
had growing well a wide range of very new things, including par¬ 
ticularly some very recent French introductions, a great many of 
the newer Sass varieties and a most representative planting of the 
newer things from California. New England iris enthusiasts are 
most fortunate in having at least six or eight fine iris gardens in 
close proximity to one another and certainly Mrs. Lewis’ garden is 
one of the high spots of any iris expedition through New England. 

On the following morning, Mr. McKee and I visited Dr. and Mrs. 
Graves in Concord, N. H., with whom we had had so many pleasant 
associations during the California trip. Dr. Graves has a series of 
most attractive iris gardens, a fine collection of named varieties and 
a tremendous number of beautifully grown seedlings. He has been 
particularly interested in whites and had a whole range of them 
which were quite promising. The seedling which I liked best in 
his garden was a pale yellow, close to Lady Paramount in color, 
perhaps a shade lighter and certainly considerably better, particu¬ 
larly for eastern gardens. Apparently Dr. Graves’ enthusiasm 
knows no bounds, because while we were there he was extending 
his planting across the street onto lots recently purchased, and was 
in the process of planting three thousand or more seedlings for 
next year. Fortunately for the people in and near Concord, he has 
shared his enthusiasm most liberally, not only by inviting everyone 
interested to visit his garden, but also in disposing of surplus plants 
in the city parks and along the state highways, where it is already 
making a most attractive showing. More of us should consider do¬ 
ing this, assuming the sort of cooperation he has gotten. 

And so I wound up the season in New Hampshire, thinking that 
with considerably over ten thousand miles of traveling I had seen 
nearly everything! Then I began to get letters telling me of all 
the marvelous things I had missed. Three correspondents told me 
that the finest seedlings of the year were to be seen at Dr. Klein- 
sorge’s. Three others told me of a wonderful showing of seedlings 
at Mrs. Whiting’s. Still others wrote me that the Sasses had new 
blends which promise to surpass Prairie Sunset, as well as many 
fine yellows. Two thoroughly competent judges have written me 
that Colonel Nicholls had the finest lot of seedlings, particularly in 
yellows, that they had ever seen. And to top it all off, at least a 
half dozen people have written me of a marvelous velvety yellow— 
Glutzbeck No. 206—which bloomed at Mrs. Pattison’s. Since I 

[ 39 ] 

know what to expect in several fine gardens, I am already keyed 
up about the 1940 season and about what we shall see in the middle 
west. Certainly for those who take the time to visit the Sasses, 
the Whitings, Mr. Paul Cook, the Williamsons, Mr. Lapham, Mrs. 
Pattison and Mr. David Hall, there will be a showing of fine new 
seedlings which will leave them gasping for breath and probably 
wishing for a gold mine! 

Part Two 


(This list does not attempt to include many of the fine older varieties, 
nor does it include, with a few exceptions, any varieties, named or 
numbered, not yet introduced.) 

AIDA—Somewhat similar to Golden Amber but darker. Mv 
first impression was one of dullness, but after seeing it several times 
I decided it was quite a rich, impressive iris. 

ALICE HARDING—A fine light yellow of good form and good 
growing habits in my garden. 

ALINE—One of the best introductions from England and gen¬ 
erally overlooked in America. Very smooth and fine and decidedly 

ALLUMEUSE—A brighter and redder Sir Michael, with gor¬ 
geous coloring but poor branching and poor growing habits. 

AMENTI—A nice, soft blend, but several later Sass ones are 
much better than this. 

AMIGO—This is complete proof that an iris does not have to 
be huge and tall in order to be a real champion. This is one of the 
richest and loveliest of all recent introductions. 

AMI TOLA—A rich, smooth, pink blend, notable chiefly as one of 
the parents of Prairie Sunset. 

ANGELUS—This is one of several recent fine pink blends. Mo¬ 
rocco Rose and China Maid are two others. China Maid is my 
preference of the three, but all three are distinctive and good. 

ANITRA—This is certainly one of the best dozen light blues. 

ANNA GAGE—Red bi-color with flaring falls—quite bright and 

APRICOT—A fine medium sized flower but several hybridizers 
are getting much better ones in this color now. 

[ 40 ] 

ARE THUS A—Very handsome and unique Daphne red self—one 
of the best from Mr. Gage, who is getting a wide variety of unique 
coloring in his seedlings. 

AT DAWNING—In mass this seems finer every year. A real 
11 must. ’ ’ 

ATTYE EUGENIA—A good cream iris about on a par with 
Ivalinga and one or two others, but by no means as good as the 
newer Snoqualmie. 

AUBANEL—A very fine pink blend, one of the best recent ones 
from Cayeux. 

AVONDALE—Fine color but a very poor grower with me and in 
many other gardens. 

BALLET GIRL—As good as any pale pink self, but proof that 
much remains to be done in this color class. 

BALMUNG—Next to Ruth Pollock this seems to me to be the 
best of all yellow plicatas introduced thus far by Hans Bass, who 
has this field largely to himself. I consider this a great deal smoother 
and finer than Siegfried. 

BELMONT—This is the best Williams introduction I have seen, 
even better than Waverly. It is in the medium blue class where 
good ones are scarce. 

BEOTIE—This is entirely too dull for me but it does appeal to 
many garden visitors. 

BEOWULF—I have seen this in four or five gardens and it has 
not been impressive anywhere I have seen it. 

BEVERLY—A pinkish blend which is good but not startling. 

BLITHESOME—Inferior to many new cream-colored irises. 

BLUE DIAMOND—This light blue from Col. Nicholls is very 
fine in mass, one of a half dozen excellent recent introductions from 
the creator of Valor. 

BLUE DUSK—Individual blooms are not at all striking but in 
mass it gives a very fine blue effect, perhaps better than anything 
else in its color class for massing. 

BLUE JUNE—A good light blue but superseded by at least a 
dozen newer ones. 

BLUE MONARCH—Grows poorly in New England and possibly 
elsewhere but a most useful and pleasing tall light blue in most 

BLUE PETER—Not ideal in form but quite rich in color and 
generally admired. 

BLUE SPIRE—One of the very best new irises seen in 1939. Fine 


in Milliken's garden in Pasadena and just as fine on a one-year 
plant in Virginia. Tall, large and finely ruffled light blue which 
should go far. I would put it along with Great Lakes at the top 
of the light blue class. 

BLUE TRIUMPH—With many fine newer ones coming along, 
this is no longer quite so essential, particularly since it is not a good 
grower in many localities and is inclined to fade badly. 

BONANZA—Jake Sass’ entry in the yellow plicata class and a 
fine one. While better than the earlier ones from Hans Sass, it is 
not as good as Balmung and Ruth Pollock. 

BONSOR—Fine form, bright color and thoroughly good in 
every way as seen in three gardens. 

BOULDERADO—Disappointing in the west and in the east. 
Portland, in the same color tones, is richer and better. 

BRIDAL VEIL—Despite occasional two-standard tendencies, 
this is a topnotch white iris and thoroughly distinctive. 

BRONZINO—One of the very best at Salbach’s. I haven’t seen 
it well grown in the east. 

BROWN BETTY—Magnificent in Pasadena and worthy of top 
awards there. Seems to grow miserably in several gardens in the 
middle west and east, but it worth a struggle. 

BRUNHILDE—Somewhat erratic, according to several reports 
in the east, but very fine when well grown. The Bishop is a reason¬ 
ably good substitute where this one does poorly. 

BURNING BRONZE—Not easy for me to grow well, but rich, 
smooth and lovely when it is grown right. 

CADETOU—I was disappointed in this French variegata. It 
seemed very dull compared to many of the newer American ones, 
particularly those from the Sasses. 

CALCUTTA—This is too dull in color for me but it is well 
branched and a fine grower. Some people will like it. 

CALIFORNIA GOLD—This is still a “must” among good yel¬ 
lows, one of the best half dozen. Unlike many others, a grand 
grower, particularly fine in mass. 

C AMELIN A—A fine pale yellow from Jake Sass which is a 
considerably improved Dore. 

CAPRI—Dull and muddy. I don’t like this one at all. 

CARVED IVORY—Very nice clean cream-white. There are 
better ones, but not many. 

CASQUE D’OR—An improved El Tovar. Rich and fine, but I 
have never seen it as tall as I think it should be. 

[ 42 ] 

CAS TALI A—A fine older blue, which is now cheap enough so 
that many of us can afford to use it in mass, for which it is splendid. 

CHAMPAGNE GLOW—I liked this very light cool flaring 
yellow as well as anything I saw at Mrs. Nesmith’s. 

CHARLOTTE MILLET—One of the handsomest and best of 
the newer Cayeux varieties, although some critics might consider 
it a little dull. 

CHARM—Very fine color. 

CHEERIO—This is one of several of my candidates for a retro- 
active Dykes Medal. Still one of the very best reds and one of 
Ayres’ finest introductions. 

CHEERIO’S BROTHER—This seems to be preferred to Cheerio 
in England. In my garden it is equally good, which is high praise. 

CHINA BOV—Very fine in Pasadena, where good reds are 
scarce, but I haven’t seen it well grown in the east. 

CHINA CLIPPER—On the verge of being yellow plicata. Rather 
nice but hardly exciting. 

CHINA MAID—This handsome lilac-pink blend is in my judg¬ 
ment Milliken’s best seedling to date, and a real champion. 

CHLORIS—A nice pale pink blend, worth having, but it will 
create no excitement. 

CHOSEN—Showed more greenish tones this year, both in my 
garden and in Pasadena, than was the case last year, but it is still 
one of the topnotch yellows, and judging by seedlings at White’s 
and Milliken’s, one of the best possible parents of still better 

CHRISTABEL—I consider this the best red self last year, a 
distinction which must now go to Red Gleam from the same intro¬ 
ducer. Christabel, however, is still a topnotch iris in every way. 

CINCINNATI—This looked all right in Dr. Ayres’ garden in 
Cincinnati, but rather poor in every other place I have seen it. It 
is distinctly inferior to at least a half dozen new whites. 

CITY OF LINCOLN—Unquestionably the best variegata to date. 
Tall and bright. 

CLARIBEL—This and Maid of Astolat are fine for anyone hav¬ 
ing trouble growing Los Angeles and San Francisco. 

COPPER CASCADE—This has some of the color of Copper 
Lustre. Although it is not as good in color, it is better in form. 

COPPER CRYSTAL—This is one of the best Washington intro¬ 
ductions I have seen, and the falls have about as fine red tones as 
I have seen anywhere. 

[ 43 ] 

COPPER LUSTRE—Most visitors in my garden comment on 
its grand color and agree that it well deserved the Dykes Medal. 

COPPER PIECE-—This is an interesting color break, small and 
none too good otherwise. 

CORALIE—Hard to grow well, bnt grand in mass. 

CORINTHE—Seen only once, this looked only fair and far from 

CORONET—This and May Day seem to me to be David HalUs 
best introductions to date. 

CORTEZ—A very slow grower and not always easy to grow 
well, but thoroughly unique and handsome when at its best. 

CREOLE BELLE—A verv fine earlier one from Col. Nicholls 

4 / 

which has been overlooked. 

CRIMSON SUN—A flaring reddish purple—quite smooth and 

CRIMSON TIDE—A very fine red, still on the purple side, how¬ 
ever, from Col. Nicholls. 

CRYSTAL BEAUTY—Tall and a fine grower. Individual 
flowers are inferior to eight or ten fine new whites. 

CYRUS THE GREAT—One of the Chancellor’s topnotch ones. 

DAMERINE—On a one-year plant this looked rich and promis¬ 

DARK KNIGHT—Tall, poorly branched, but otherwise good. 

DEEP VELVET—Salbach’s only 1939 origination, but a very, 
very fine one. A blue-purple with some red tones in it, fine in form, 
rich in color, and very large. 

DEPUTE NOMBLOT—One of the old ones which still deserves 
a place in any garden. 

DESERET—I don’t like this. The standard are grand but the 
falls, to me, are horrible. 

DESTINY—Very handsome and fine, and certain to bring dis¬ 
tinction to New Zealand, where it originated. 

DIRECTEUR PINELLE—This has been very fine everywhere 
I have seen it. 

DRAP D’OR—I saw this in three gardens and it looked rather 
poor in all three of them. However, I didn’t see well-established 
plants, so I will wait longer to pass final judgment on it. 

DUBROVNIK—Very fine color and the form is excellent on 
freshly opened flowers. However, a hot sun causes the flowers to 
become ungainly rather promptly. 

DYMIA—Very fine depth of color. 

[ 44 ] 

EARLY MASS—Fine in southern California. I haven’t seen 
it well grown in the east. 

E. B. WILLIAMSON—Except for color, this was disappointing- 
in several gardens on one-year plants, but at Paul Cook’s in mass 
it was magnificent and thoroughly worthy of the Italian Award. 

EILAH—Although there are better ones now, this is a mighty 
smooth, nice, light yellow. 

ELEANOR BLUE—In a color mass almost to itself and a very 
fine iris by any standard. 

ELECTRA—The golden-brown center makes this unique among 
white plicatas and very appealing. 

ELKHART—This one has disappointed me in several gardens. 
It seems coarse and not unique in color. 

ELLA AVINCHESTER—This is a fine iris but with me too 
slow a grower to be worth a struggle. 

ELSA SASS—A lovely new shade of yellow, which was magnifi¬ 
cent in Hans Sass’ garden. 

EROS—Very, very fine color indeed, but wilts promptly in the 

ETHEL PECKHAM—Hard to grow with me and inferior to 
many newer red-purples. 

ETHELYN KLEITZ—Another fine light red from the creator 
of Rosy Wings. 

ETHIOP QUEEN—A good dark iris, but hardly on a par 
with Sable when I saw them grown together on one-year plants. 
I am told, however, that Ethiop Queen, properly established, is 
distinct and fine. 

EXCLUSI VE—A distinctive grav-blue, which should be near the 
top in the voting for the Dykes Medal this year. 

FAIR ELAINE—One of the half dozen best new things seen 
in 1939, and one of the best yellows yet introduced. This is very 
bright and rich and is generally compared to Golden Treasure, 
although Fair Elaine is more of a yellow and Golden Treasure more 
of a cream. I think it is better than Golden Treasure, which is very 
high praise indeed. 

FAR WEST—This seems rather dull to me and fades promptly 
and badly in Virginia sunshine. 

FAVORI—Very fine color indeed, which induced me to order 
more plants so that I will get a mass promptly. 

FIESTA—Magnificent in the garden of Mr. White, the origi¬ 
nator. A little hard to grow with me and inclined to fade, but 


still it is an interesting color break and well worth growing in 
the east. 

FRANCES DOUGLAS—Odd and interesting blend which was 
one of a whole range of odd-colored seedlings which Mr. Gage got 
from Sylvanus. 

FRANK ADAMS—-Very fine in every Avay and one of the best 
eastern irises seen on the West Coast. 

FRENCH MAID—A real credit to Dr. Grant. A charming blend 
in color and a fine flower in form. 

GALLANT LEADER—A large, spectacular, flaring red. 

GARDEN MAGIC—I have yet to see this grown as it must grow 
somewhere in order to have merited such high praise. 

GAY DAWN—One of the newest and brightest of many blends 
from Mr. Washington. 

GIRALDA—Very tall and very large, otherwise it has no virtues 
that I can see. 

GLORIOLE—A little erratic in many places, but a goregous iris 
when it behaves properly. 

GOLDEN AGE—Late, tall, well-branched yellow, fine depth of 
color, but a little coarse at the haft. 

GOLDEN AMBER—Hard to describe but easy to like—a whole 

GOLDEN BEAR—This looks better and better to me each year. 


1 consider it one of the half dozen best yellows, although perhaps 
its form is not ideal. 

GOLDEN HIND—In color the brightest yellow of all, otherwise 
not much, because it is an erratic grower (although it increases 
rapidly) and the form of the flower is poor. 

GOLDEN MAJESTY—A very fine deep yellow which, as seen 
at Salbach’s in California and in my Virginia garden, ranks close 
to the top. In Virginia it seemed to have some orange tones which 
I don’t remember it having in California. 

GOLDEN TREASURE—Still one of the striking irises in the 
garden and one which along with China Maid, Wabash and two 
or three others will make the 1940 choice for the Dykes Medal 

GOOD CHEER—This is always short in my garden. I have 
seen it much better elsewhere. It is always bright and good. 

GRACE LAPHAM—This has been disappointing. I like some 
of Lapham’s earlier pinks better. 

GRACE MOHR—This is very fine. When well grown it is nearly 

[ 46 ] 

as good as Ormohr, which is probably the best William Mohr 

GREAT LAKES—One of the reai finds of 1939, a beautiful 
light bine of very flaring form, and as blue as any light iris yet 

GUDRUN—The blooms are always huge, although the stalks 
are generally not tall enough for them. Nevertheless, it attracts 
as much attention as any white in the garden. 

“H” GROUP FROM SALBACH—These are much better than 
the earlier Berkeley Group. They seemed even better in Virginia 
than they did in the originator’s garden. Hartford is a fine light 
red and Harlem is a handsome dark red. 

HAPPY DAYS—I prefer smaller yellows than this, but it is 
put near the top by most garden visitors. 

HOLLYWOOD—An old one which is unique, both for fine pink¬ 
ish effect and for its very late blooming time. 

INCOGNITO—In both the west and the east this is a very hand¬ 
some and very large dark iris. 

INDIAN HILLS—In mass this is most impressive, although the 
form of the individual flowers is less than ideal. 

ISHPANEE—This is small but bright and nice. 

JANET BUTLER—Quite fine in every way for anyone who likes 
blended variegatas—-must be seen well grown in mass, as in origi¬ 
nator’s garden in Worcester, to be properly appreciated. 

TASMANIA—Not as fine in my Virginia garden as in 1938 
when I thought it the best yellow I had. But it is still one of the 
best half dozen yellows available thus far. 

JEAN LAFITTE—A good red from Mr. Washington, but I 
prefer Maya. 

JEB STUART—This has been with me for several years in sev¬ 
eral locations and folds up quickly in the sun. 

JELLOWAY—I consider this a very much overrated iris. With 
me it had poor form and still poorer substance. It had magnificent 
color, however, which I hope can be carried over to better flowers. 

JINNY SUE—A bright, small iris, which every visitor to the 
garden likes. 

JOYCETTE—One of the best older red-purples, which was 
quite fine in several gardens this year. 

JUNALUSKA—A clump of this in California was magnificent, 
decidely one of the best eastern irises grown there. 

KALINGA—One of the best creams, except for the new ones. 

[ 47 ] 

KHORASAN—Odd, with very flaring form, but to me dull and 

LADY DIMPLES—Bright, neat, nice pink blend, with lots of 
yellow in it. 

LADY PARAMOUNT—This was gorgeous in southern Cali¬ 
fornia. If the rest of us could grow it as well, the search for a 
fine light yellow could stop with this one. 

LA LORRAINE—A most unique and attractive blend from Dr. 
Ayres, which some dealer should catalogue. 

LEGEND—Very fine everywhere and not to be overlooked in 
the scramble for new ones. 

LIGHTHOUSE—This has been fine in at least a half dozen 

LILAMANI—I have seen this beautifully grown and miserablv 
grown. It has some tendency in some gardens toward open stand¬ 
ards, but in its best form it is quite good and as blue as any of 
the dark blues. 

LILY PONS—One of Mr. Washington’s best in color, form and 
growing habits. Take this and skip several others too similar to it. 

LOUVOIS—A very fine dark reddish-brown iris from France. 
One of the best of recent importations and one which I believe will 
be very popular. 

LUCREZIA BORI—Better this year than at any time since I 
first saw it in Chattanooga in 1935, but there are now many better 
yellows in color and form. 

MANAVU—As seen in two gardens 3,000 miles apart, this was 
dull, streaked and thoroughly unappealing. I hope another year 
will correct this bad impression. 

MARCO POLO—A very good red, which several judges of iris 
tell me they consider one of the best ones. 

MARGARET ROWE—Rather nice, but far from startling. 

MARQUITA—-A very poor grower indeed for four or five years 
in my garden. Paillasse, of similar coloring, is considerably better. 

MARVELOUS—Fair only, as far as individual blooms go, but 
rather good in mass. 

MARY E. NICTIOLLS—Seen on a short stalk this seemed to 
be one of the finest irises of the year. A cream-white with a gor¬ 
geous smooth overlay of dull yellow at the haft. Entirelv different 
in color effect and form from Golden Treasure, but promises to be 
at least as fine. 

MARY LEE DONAHUE—A very poor grower in my garden 


and I’ve never seen a decent stalk of it anywhere, although Dr. 
Grant writes me that it was very fine in his garden this year. 

MATA HARI—With Pride and Smolder (sister seedlings, I 
believe) this is smooth and fine and late. We need more late ones. 

MATTERHORN—Close to the top of the white class. A very 
fine and very clean white flower of good form. 

MATULA—A slow grower and a slow increaser with me, but 
a magnificent deep pink blend, as seen at the Sasses and elsewhere. 

MAY DAY—I consider this David Hall’s finest variety to date 
and a very, very fine one. It is a lovely apricot blend. 

MAYA—A very fine red from Mr. Washington, which I would 
put among the best ten reds. 

MAYLING SOONG—Not as bright as some of the other newer 
yellows, but quite smooth, fine and worth while. 

MIDWEST GEM—One of the best of many fine blends from 
the Sasses. 

MICHAEL ANGELO—For the second successive year this has 
been floppy and poor with me, after well deserving my H. M. 
vote as I saw it two years ago on a one-year plant. 

MISS CALIFORNIA—Very fine at Salbach’s and good enough 
in my garden in the east to justify it being included among the 
best pinks. 

MISSOURI—This is not the most reliable grower among the 
newer irises, but properly grown it is quite fine. 

MME. LOUIS AUREAU—A very fine plicata which won the 
Dykes Medal several years ago. I am told that there are still better 
plicatas in the more recent introductions of Cayeux’s. 

MME. MAURICE LASSAILLY—This is a competitor of 
Amigo’s. It is larger and taller but not as rich in coloring. Never¬ 
theless, a very fine iris. 

MME. ULMANN—This is close to Missouri in coloring. Individ¬ 
ually the blooms are not as pleasing as Missouri, but it looks to me 
like a considerably better grower and a very fine iris for massing. 

MODE ST A—Light red and pink blend which is quite fine. 

MODISTE—While I saw only short bloom stalks of this in 1939, 
it looked to be a most appealing iris, even if not a spectacular one. 

MOHRSON—If we could all grow this as magnificently as Mr. 
White grows it, we wouldn’t ask for a better one. 

MOKI—A mass of this at Salbach’s was quite fine. 

MONADNOCK—This has very fine color and I believe a mass 
of it would be grand. 

[ 49 ] 

MONAL—A rather dull, metallic blend. 

MOONGLO—Some people don’t like what they consider a very 
coarse haft in this iris. I personally think it is very fine and 
would rank it among the three outstanding contenders for the 
Dyl ves Medal this year. 

MOROCCO ROSE—A rich golden center and nice pink tones 
make this a very good iris. 

MOUNT CLOUD—This seems to be excellent both in the west 
and in the east. 

MOUNT WASHINGTON—As seen in California and in Vir¬ 
ginia this is the best white I have seen, in height, branching and 

MOUNTAIN SNOW—A fine blue-white. 

MRS. J. L. GIBSON—This is a very fine iris, one of the best 
English varieties. 

MRS. SILAS WATERS—A very fine Ayres yellow, lighter than 
Tasmania, but similar in form and in my judgment equally good. 

MRS. WILLARD JAQUES—Darker Noweta, ruffled nicely, but 
only fairly good. 

MUSSOLINI—Very poor, to put it mildly! 

NARAD A—Fine, big, ruffled light blue. 

NARAIN—A splendid medium blue. 

NARANJA—Grand color break, but otherwise poor. Mr. White 
has a seedling from it, Symbol, which is smoother, richer and of 
far better form. 

NARONDA—A nice, smooth iris, which deserves to be better 

NASSAIv—In 1938 on a one-year plant I thought I preferred 
this to the earlier Sass plicatas. This year it was rather floppy and 
poor, and in no way comparable to Maid Of Astolat and Claribel. 

NATIVIDAD—One of the richest and best of the older cream- 
white irises. Not always easv to grow outside of California. 

NEON—Bright and striking, but seems to vary considerably in 
growing habits in the east. 

ORIANA—A thoroughly good older white. 

ORLOFF-—Colorful and fine near-yellow plicata, smaller than 
Siegfried, and better. 

ORMOITR—Very fine indeed, probably the best William Mohr 

OSSAR—This has been very poor in my garden on an established 


clump, the stalks being very short and the flowers badly bunched. 
In color it is a good dark red on the brown side. 

OURAY—A short, small red, which is useful in mass. 

OYEZ—Next to Some Love this is the best of the named White 

OZONE—Unique and fine, in my judgment, but people either 
like it tremendously or dislike it. 

PADISHAH—A fairly good yellow, but there are many better 

PAILLASSE—Very late, similar to Marquita, and much better, 
particularly in growing habits. 

PALE MOONLIGHT—An excellent light blue iris which grows 
well in Virginia but does not do uniformly well throughout the 
east. I believe I like it better than even Shining AVaters or Sierra 

PATRICIA—Seen at Sasses’ in 1938 this was a fine ruffled white, 
but not a large one. 

PEARL LUSTRE—Everywhere I have seen this it has been 
dirty and poor. 

PERSIA—One of my favorites among the older ones and another 
one which should have had the Dykes Medal. 

PINK SATIN—A fine pink, as pink seifs go, but we need far 
better ones. 

PIUTE—Very fine color on a tall plant in 1939. 

PORTLAND—Rather nice at SalbaclVs this year, much better 
than Boulderado, to which it is similar. Still finer in New England, 
where it seemed to me to be a topnotch iris. 

PRAIRIE SUNSET—This has the finest color I have ever seen 
in an iris. It was magnificent at the Sasses’ in 1938 in an estab¬ 
lished clump. I saw it only once in 1939, namely, on a short stalk 
at Salbach’s, where it could be judged for color only. 

PRIDE—The lightest one of Col. Nicholls’ trio of smooth late 
irises, the other two being Mata Hari and Smolder. I like all three 
very much. 

PURPLE GIANT—This deserved more promotion when it was 
released. It is a very fine iris, not well enough known. 

RADIANT—This is a short iris—which will probably put it 
in the intermediate class—but it is one of the very brightest in 
color, and in mass at Salbach’s it was magnificent. 

REBELLION—This has been rich and good with me and has 

[ 51 ] 

been substituted for Jeb Stuart, to which it is similar in color, but 
which folds up in our Virginia sun. 

RED BONNET—Mr. Gage’s new red, which although poorly 
branched in Mr. Lapham’s garden, was otherwise thoroughly fine, 
interesting, and very red. Branching was considerably better in 
New England. 

RED COMET—Not as red as many of the newer ones but ex¬ 
ceedingly fine in mass at Mr. McKee’s. 

RED CROSS—“Bizarre,” says the introducer; it’s all of that. 
Seemed coarse to me at first, but improved on acquaintance. 

RED GLEAM—This is not as sensational as I had expected it 
to be, but it is more of a self than Christabel and redder, con¬ 
sequently I think better than Christabel, which is high praise 
among the reds. 

RED VELVET—A reddish-purple or red on the purple side, 
which in the right light has a gorgeous glow and which in other 
lights seemed rather ordinary. 

REGAL BEAUTY—Probably the best of Milliken’s 1939 intro¬ 
ductions. Large and very bright. 

RHAPSODY—Magnificent color and fine form. This deserves 
wide distribution. 

ROSY WINGS—Very fine indeed in my garden and thoroughly 
worthy of the Dykes Medal. In several other gardens it seemed to 
be growing poorly and to look rather faded. 

ROYAL COACH—This is the yellowest and brightest of the 
yellow plicatas I saw this year, although neither large nor tall. 
There are better ones coming from the Sasses, but I like this best 
of the earlier yellow plicata crop, which includes Tiffany, Siegfried 
and Orloff. 

ROYAL COMMAND—A redder, better Persia, with the same 
smokey tones, of slightly different form and very fine. 

RUBEO—This was magnificent this year in several California 
gardens, and far better than many more recent so-called reds. 

RUTH POLLOCK—This was the best yellow plicata I saw at the 
Sasses in 1938. It is similar to Tiffany, with a much deeper yellow 
background and redder markings. 

SABLE—Pine color and form and the richest and best of the 
dark blue irises. It seemed short on several one-vear plants, but 
Paul Cook, the introducer, says he has had it up to 42 inches in 
height. This hybridizer, who has had many fine things, has only 

[ 52 ] 

put out this one and E. B. Williamson. Both are fine, but I think 
Sable is the more striking iris. 

SAHARA—A very nice, finely formed, pale to medium-yellow, 
from the president of the English Iris Society, and a Dykes winner 
in England. 

SALUTATION—A fine early yellow. 

SANDALWOOD—This is a very, very fine tan blend, as good 
as anything seen in this soft tan color. It may be too dull or too 
soft in color for many people who demand brightness in their 

SANDIA—A very nice lilac-pink blend, which grows splendidly, 
superior to Eros in every way except color. 

SAN FRANCISCO—Still unsurpassed among plicatas, wherever 
it grows well. 

SEDUCTION—One of the very best plicatas. This and Mme. 
Louis Aureau are the two best earlier plicatas from France. Flor¬ 
entine and several more recent ones are quite fine. 

SHAH JEHAN—One of the most colorful and striking newer 
irises in the garden, unlike anything else I have seen. 

SHINING WATERS-—A very fine light blue, which seems to 
grow well nearly everywhere. 

SIEGFRIED—A very handsome iris, quite unique in coloring 
but a little floppy, and I like all the other Sass named plicatas better. 

SIERRA BLLTE—Very fine indeed in color and form, although 
the exceedingly tall stalks, with big, heavy blooms, generally de¬ 
mand staking. 

SIERRA SNOW—A very fine white at Salbach’s. The Salbachs 
seem to prefer it to Mount Washington, but as I saw them both, 
Mount Washington seemed somewhat better to me. 

SILENT WATERFALL—A unique two-toned white, which de¬ 
serves considerably more attention. 

SIR KNIGHT—Not very tall with me, but thoroughly satis¬ 
factory in every way. 

SMOLDER—Late, smooth and very rich red-purple. 

SNOQUALMIE—Probably the best cream self to date. 

SNOW BELLE—Mr. McKee’s very fine white. He has better 
ones coming along. 

SNOW FLURRY—Seen only on a cut stalk, this seems to be 
as sensational as any iris introduced in 1939. It is a very fine 
ruffled blue-white, with an astonishing number of blooms. 

SNOWKING—A fine white but a slow grower with me. 

[53 ] 

SOME LOVE—A lovely small onco-bred from Mr. White, prob¬ 
ably his best named one in this group so far. 

SONG OF GOLD—An exceedingly good flaring yellow from 
Prof. Essig. 

SORDELLO—Small and dull in mv garden. I consider it fair 


SORRENTE—Very bright, smooth blue and yellow blend. 

SPARKLING FROST—A very nice blue-white with as much 


sparkle as the name implies. It is a fine iris, but I like Gloriole 
better in this color class, although Gloriole is slightly more of a light 
blue when it first opens. 

SPRING CLOUD—A fine plicata which seems hardier than San 
Francisco, although somewhat more coarse. 

SPRING IDYLL—A very bright, clean, pink and white blend, 
from Mr. Lapham, who has given us so many useful small pinks. 

SPRING PROM—A very nice pale yellow which as bloomed in 
Mr. Hall’s garden is most excellent in every way. 

STAINED GLASS—I consider this one of the best color breaks 
among 1939 introductions. It is a copper-red, which seen in the 
right sunlight, particularly early morning or late afternoon, is 
startlingly good. 

STELLA POLARIS—A large fine blue-white, blooming fairly 
well at Kenneth Smith’s. Reports from Nashville indicate that 
it was very fine. 

SUMMER TAN—Particularly useful because it blooms so early. 
A fine soft blend. 

SUNBURST—A very good yellow, but not bright enough in 
color for most people. 

SUNDUST—A very good deep yellow. It grows excellently for 
me and is thoroughly pleasing and satisfactory. The falls are not 
quite ideal in shape and some people don’t like the brown tones 
on the falls. In color it is close to Jasmania, and while a better 
grower, is not as good in form as Jasmania. 

SUNGOLD—An excellent yellow, as it grew for Mr. Milliken. I 
haven’t seen it in the east, 

SIINMIST—A very fine iris in the cream class. It blooms very 
early and over a long period of time. It deserves to be far more 
widely grown than is now the case. 

SWEET ALIBI—One of the loveliest of the cream irises and no 
newer one is quite in the same color class. Mr. White has a fine 

[ 54 ] 

seedling similar to this and better, but it won’t be ready for in¬ 
troduction for a couple of years. 

TELEVISION BLUE—Not up to Dymia and Narain, from the 
same hybridizer. 

TENAYA—One of the finest of the older ones. 

THE BISHOP—I consider this very fine, liking it quite as 
well as Dymia and Brunhilde, to which it is approximately similar 
in color. 

THELMA JEAN—A very bright, colorful iris from a new 
New England hybridizer, which is going to be well liked. 

THE MOENCH—This is Jake Sass’ 34-11, which probably will 
not be catalogued. It is miserably branched, but the flowers them¬ 
selves are rich, ruffled and fine white ones, with a golden center 
and with a slight pinkish tone. 

THE RED DOUGLAS—This is as fine as any iris I have ever 
grown in my garden. It is not as red as some people expect it to be, 
but it is certainly the finest red-purple ever introduced and prob¬ 
ably Jake Sass’ finest introduction to date. 

TIFFANY—Of the three earlier yellow plicatas this is the one 
I like best, although it has not been a good grower with me. 

TOUCH O’BLUE—A rather interesting and good blue-white., 
from Milliken. 

TRAIL’S END—1 have never seen this well grown anywhere 
except in Mrs. Pattison’s garden. It is perhaps a little unusual in 
color but in other ways generally poor. 

TRAUMEREI—A nicely flared lavender-blue which, while per¬ 
haps not as generally appealing as the same hybridizer’s much 
bluer Waverly, is nevertheless a fine iris. 

TREASURE ISLAND—More of a blend than a clear yellow, 
but the effect is that of a nice medium yellow. I think it is quite 
good, although not at the top of the yellow class. 

TRIPTYCH—A good, flaring yellow, which was quite striking 
as seen in mass in Mr. Wareham’s garden in 1938. 

TWILIGHT BLUE—An interesting very pale blue iris from 
Chancellor Kirkland. 

VALIANT—An odd blend which doesn’t appeal to me at all, but 
which many people seem to like. 

VALOR—Late and very fine. Somewhere in the course of events 
this should have had a Dykes Medal. 

VEDETTE—A good tan blend from France. I am told, how- 

[ 55 ] 

ever, that Geddes Douglas in Nashville has a similar blend which 
is far better. 

VICTORY—This seedling from David Hall, while not unique in 
color, is so fine in form and substance that it is certain to attract 

VIEW-HALLOO—This seems to be the best variegata in south¬ 
ern California, where normally variegatas grow very poorly. 

VIOLET CROWN—One of the very best of the older ones. 

WABASH—This is very, very fine and is far and away the best 
amoena, and probably the best iris ever to come from the William¬ 

WASATCH—This is the biggest plicata in size of the flower, but 
the stalk is not tail enough and I like many other plicatas much 

WAVERLY—A fine, flaring light blue. 

WELCOME—Quite good at Mrs. Riebold’s in Pasadena. Very 
close to Lady Paramount in general effect. 

WEST POINT—Very late and very fine, probably the best iris 
introduced thus far by Col. Nicholls. 

WHITE GODDESS—This seems to me to be the best of Mrs. 
Nesmith’s several fine whites, although many people prefer 
Cathedral Dome, which is quite good. 

WHITE VALOR—A very good white from Col. Nicholls. 

WILDFIRE—An exceedingly bright red, but not a very large 
one. In most gardens where I have seen it, it seemed to belong in 
the intermediate class as to size. 

WILLIAM SETCHELL—This is the largest flower I have ever 
seen (except a pale blue seedling at Dr. Graves’), but it has little 
else to recommend it. 

YELLOW JEWEL—Excellent bright yellow, with good all¬ 
round characteristics. Except for two seedlings which won’t be 
marketed for a year or so, this is as good a medium yellow as 
I’ve seen. 

Part Three 


Obviously there is endless duplication, as to varieties, between 
the three sections of these notes. This is done deliberately, in the 
interest of greater convenience. The most useful commercial cata- 

f 56 ] 

logue I know is that of Robert Schreiner; and its added usefulness 
comes primarily from the fact that he lists iris both alphabetically 
and by color groups. Reference to Robert Schreiner suggests a 
good approach to this matter of discussion by colors. He and I 
have had endless correspondence airing differences of opinion about 
some few of the varieties in his “100 best” list. Generally speak¬ 
ing, we agree (and I consider his 1939 “100 best” list exceptionally 
good). Last year, however, I took his list and my own (which 
differed as to about 25 varieties out of the 100) and added to them 
five other “100 best” lists which I managed to get from five com¬ 
petent and fairly unbiased judges widely scattered geographically. 
The results were thoroughly interesting and the compilation pro¬ 
duced a most valuable list of good iris. Eighty-five varieties were 
on at least four of the seven “100 best” lists and I shall take 
these eighty-five as a starting point for discussion of varieties in 
the color groups. Conesquently, those varieties listed without com¬ 
ment, after each color title, are those on the list of eighty-five which 
were selected by four or more of the seven judges, and the numeral 
in parenthesis after each variety represents the number of lists, 
out of a possible seven, on which the variety appeared. Remember: 
this was the summer of 1938; more new ones would be on a similar 
1939 list. 1 suggest that someone can do the Iris Society a real 
favor by securing at least twelve or fifteen “100 best” lists this 
year and compiling the results for the Bulletin. I can’t do it; 
when these notes are through, I am done with all compilation 
for this year! 

White Selfs 

Gudrun (6), Crystal Beauty (6), Snowking (6), Mount Cloud 
(5) and White Goddess (4). 

These are five fine whites, but personally I feel that there are 
several far finer all-around whites than some of these, in particular, 
finer than Gudrun and Crystal Beauty. The chief virtue of Gudrun 
is that the blooms are huge, generally too huge for the stalk, and 
Crystal Beauty is tall and grows well. Mount Washington and 
Materhorn are the two best whites I have seen in 1939, with Sierra 
Snow closely behind them. The latter may be even better than I 
realize, for I didn’t see it as well grown as the other two. Bridal 
Veil is a particular favorite of mine. Cathedral Dome, from Mrs. 
Nesmith, is considered by many better than her White Goddess. 
Snow Belle and Mountain Snow are two other fine ones from New 

England. Snow Flurry seems likely to go to the top quickly, and 
Kenneth Smith bids fair to give the others competition with Stella 
Polaris. If Mary E. Nicholls is classified as a white and not as a 
cream, it, too, is headed toward the top of this class. Patricia, the 
beautifully ruffled new one from Hans Sass, must be reckoned with. 
Silent Waterfall, because of its odd two-toned coloring, demands 
a place. Of the older ones, Oriana and Venus De Milo are about 
the best, and, of course, for those who can grow them well, Easter 
Morn and Purissima are unsurpassed. 

White Plicatas 

Wasatch (7), San Francisco (5), Los Angeles (5) and Seduction 

Having seen Wasatch several additional times, I am turning 
against it. It is too large to suit me and the stalk is rarely ever 
tall enough for the flower; on the contrary, most garden visitors 
like it a lot. The other three must stay on any list of good plicatas 
and San Francisco is still my favorite of all of them. Several 
French ones newer than Seduction are fine: Mine. Louis Aureau 
(although a little more heavily colored than I like) and Florentine 
in particular. Maid of Astolat, Claribel and Electra all grow mag¬ 
nificently for me and can be recommended particularly for gardens 
where San Francisco and Los Angeles grow poorly. Spring Cloud 
has been reliable and good in my garden. An unnamed Sass seed¬ 
ling, 72-34, is as fine a plicata as I have seen. Pied Piper is un¬ 
usual in coloring and fine. Nassak, Theodolinda and Tarantella 
were all floppy and unattractive in my garden this year. 


Wabash (7), Shah Jehan (6) and Marquita (6). 

The latter two in my judgment aren’t really amoenas. So that 
leaves Wabash alone; it is alone, at the top—far and away the best 
amoena! Shah Jehan, which can be included here for convenience, 
is a most striking and unique iris. Marquita grows so poorly for 
me and many others that I would rule it out. Pallasse, a newer 
French one, has similar coloring and grows a great deal better. 
At Dawning might be called a pink amoena, and if so, belongs high 
up on the list. Rheintochter, Cantabile and Dorothy Dietz are the 
best older ones. 

[ 58 ] 

Yellow Plicatas 

Siegfried (6), Orloff (6) and Tiffany (5). 

I consider Tiffany the best of the above three and Siegfried the 
least attractive. There are far better ones now available from the 
Sasses. Balmung is far smoother and better than Siegfried, Ruth 
Pollock is a vastly improved Tiffany. Bonanza, the only one from 
Jake Sass, is quite fine. Royal Coach, introduced just this year 
in spite of the fact that it was a 1934 seedling, is certainly the best 
of all for yellow mass effect. The Sasses have still other fine ones 
coming along and so far have this field entirely to themselves. 

Yellow Bi-Colors 

City of Lincoln (6) and Casque D’Or (4). 

The Sasses have certainly produced the finest named variegata 
in City Of Lincoln, which is both tall and bright. A numbered 
one from Hans Sass, 17-37, I consider still finer. Frank Adams, 
Casque D’Or and Cortez are all thoroughly fine. The chief dis¬ 
tinction of View-Halloo is that it seems to be the only variegata 
which will do well in southern California. Good Cheer and Janet 
Butler are two others which I like a great deal. Jinny Sue is a little 
known near-variegata which attracts many garden visitors. Fine 
older ones are Picador, King Juba, Gaucho and Lodestar. Three 
which I do not like at all are Deseret, Cadetou and Ivhorasan. 

Yellow Blends 

Copper Lustre (7), Fiesta (7), Naranja (7), Jean Cayeux (6), 
Golden Light (5), Summer Tan (5), Mid-West Gem (5), Far West 
(4) and Moonglo (4). 

If I were attempting a ‘‘100 best” list (which I am not attempt¬ 
ing here) and wanted to eliminate several of the above to make 
room for newer varieties, I would eliminate Jean Cayeux, Golden 
Light and Far West. There are an endless number of magnificent 
new ones available in the yellow blend class. Prairie Sunset de¬ 
mands a place, first of all, and if and when Mr. White’s Symbol is 
introduced, it will replace Naranja. Mr. Hall’s Coronet and May 
Day are both exceptionally fine. I like Sandalwood a great deal, 
and others demanding attention here are Apricot, Vedette, Golden 
Amber, Aida, Gay Dawn, Copper Cascade and Sorrente. Three 
which I don’t care for, as I have seen them grow, are Calcutta, 
Capri and Manavu. 

[ 59 ] 


Golden Treasure (7), Sweet Alibi (5) and Attye Eugenie (5). 

Golden Treasure is certainly the ranking one in this color group. 
Snoqualmie, entirely different in color effect, is almost equally good. 
I still like Sweet Alibi tremendously. Mary E. Nicholls may be¬ 
long here instead of in the whites; wherever it belongs, it is ex¬ 
ceptionally good. Others which I like are Natividad, Sunmist, 
Kalinga, Dore and Carved Ivory. 

Yellow Selfs 

California Gold (7), Golden Hind (6), Jasmania (6), Alice 
Harding (5), Chosen (4) and Desert Gold (4). 

In no group is there more difficulty in picking out the better 
ones because advance has been so rapid in this color classification. I 
would put Golden Majesty and Fair Elaine at the very top. 1 
like Dr. Mitchell’s Golden Bear almost as well as any yellow except 
the very best and newest ones; I would take this and California 
Gold ahead of Happy Days and Sunburst, both of which, however, 
attract attention in the garden. I don’t like Jelloway at all because 
it folds up in my garden as soon as the sun hits it. I consider Dr. 
Ayres’ Mrs. Sila Waters about as good as his Jasmania. Several 
others which I like very much indeed are Champagne Glow, Spring 
Prom, Sahara, Treasure Island and Song Of Gold. Sundust has 
been an exceptionally good grower in my garden, although its form 
is not up to some of the others and the color is not quite bright 
enough. Kenneth Smith’s Yellow Jewel is bound to take its place 
near the top, once widely disseminated. It is very bright, about the 
color of Golden Bear, and has far better form. Jake Sass’ Golden 
Age is tall and deep in color; it is not quite as smooth as some 
of the others. Hans Sass’ distinct yellow, named for his wife, 
Elsa Sass, is one of the most promising of all in color effect. Mr. 
White’s Answer is the best yellow I have seen so far, but it prob¬ 
ably won’t be on the market for a couple of years. Sungold was 
quite fine in southern California, where Lady Paramount was 
also excellent. Triptych looked very fine in Mr. Wareham’s garden 
in Cincinnati last year, as did Sungleam in Dr. Grant’s garden; 
I haven’t seen either of these in 1939. Nor have I seen Ming Yellow 
from Mr. Glutzbeck, and rumors have it that a seedling from Ming 
Yellow (Glutzbeck 206), as it bloomed at Mrs. Pattison’s Quality 
Gardens this year, is the finest yellow of all. Mrs. Lewis has two 

very fine yellows in Mayling Soong and Pieces of Eight; I did not 
see her Sunup, which some people consider the best of the three. 
In contrast to the time when we were thankful to have such good 
yellows as Pluie D ’Or and Coronation, we are certainly faced now 
with an embarrassment of riches in this color classification, with a 
flood of still finer ones apparently coming from many hybridizers. 
Not all of the fine new yellows grow as well as they might, and none 
I have seen so far have the velvety quality or the substance which 
we would like to see in them; consequently, there still remains a 
great deal which the hybridizers can do for us in this color field. 

Light Blues 

Gloriole (7), Blue Triumph (6), Exclusive(6), Shining Waters 
(6), Pale Moonlight (6), Waverly (5), Aline (5) and Anitra (4). 

I would certainly want to add Great Lakes and Blue Spire to 
the above list; these are the two best light blues I have seen in 
1939. Narada and Blue Diamond are two other excellent ones de¬ 
manding consideration here. These four, with the above list, cer¬ 
tainly give us a grand lot of varieties in this color classification. 
Six older ones which still stand out well and demand attention are 
Blue Monarch, Blue June, Sensation, El Capitan, Castalia and 

Medium Blues and Blue Blends 

Missouri (7), Sierra Blue (7), Persia (7), Narain (6) and 
Eleanor Blue (4). 

I consider all of these to be magnificent irises demanding a place 
in any large collection. West Point, which I think is Colonel 
Nicholl’s best iris todate, will have to be included here, and Bel¬ 
mont, from Mr. Williams in Nashville, is another very good one. 
Mme. Ulmann, from Prance, is close to Missouri in color. While its 
color is not quite as good, it is a better grower and seems likely to 
be more useful for massing. 

Dark Blues and Violets 

Brunhilde (7), Tenaya (7), Winneshiek (7), Amigo (6), Cyrus 
The Great (6), Valor (5), Dymia (5), Creole Belle (4) and Mrs 
J. L. Gibson (4). 

The two best rising candidates for this list would, in my judg¬ 
ment, be Salbach’s Deep Velvet and Paul Cook’s Sable. I would 
want to grow a great many other fine ones in this color classifica- 


tion and would include Mine. Maurice Lassally, Bonsor, Etliiop 
Queen, Mohrson, The Bishop, Regal Beauty, Victory, Mata Hari, 
Lilamani and Blue Peter. This happens to be a color classification 
in which we have many, many fine ones. Three others deserve men¬ 
tion here—Bine Dusk, for its fine deep blue mass effect, Sir Knight, 
for its all-around good qualities and The Black Douglas, a very 
rich iris indeed. 

Mauve and Mauve Blends 

Ozone (6), Violet Crown (6) and Grace Mohr (4). 

Ormohr demands a place at the top of this list. Although not 
greatly superior to Grace Mohr, it does seem slightly better and 
seems to grow more satisfactory in more places. Modiste seems 
likewise on the verge of claiming a place at the top of this color 
group. Michaelangelo seemed fine two years ago, but has not 
measured up to its promise since. Of the older ones I still like 
President Pilkington very much indeed, although it is a little dull 
compared to some of the many new blends. 

Light Pinks 

Pink Satin (6), Ballet Girl (4), and Miss California (4). 

At the present time this is decidedly the weakest and poorest 
color classification, and unfortunately I know of no striking new 
ones coming along for introduction. Of the older ones, I consider 
Imperial Blush, Pink Opal, Eloise Lapham and Ethelwyn Dubuar 
still well worth growing. 

Pink Blends 

Morocco Rose (6), China Maid (5), Angelus (4) and Noweta (4). 

Aubanel is another pink blend which I like about as well as those 
mentioned above. Three newer ones which are quite fine are La 
Lorraine, French Maid and Dubrovnik. Sandia is a magnificent 
grower and has far better substance than Eros, although the latter 
in color is unbeatable. Amitola is quite fine, and Margaret Rowe 
is good but not striking. Mrs. Willard Jaques, considered by some 
an improved Noweta, has nothing like the sturdy growing habits 
of Noweta, in my garden. 

Deep Pinks and Medium Reds 

Rosy Wings (5), Frieda Mohr (4) and Lighthouse (4). 

Rosy Wings and Lighthouse are both magnificent varieties. Mr. 


Gage, creator of Rosy Wings, has two additional fine entries for this 
class, Modesta and Ethelyn Kleitz. Monadnock and Matnla both 
bid fair to rank near the top in this color class. Pride and Charm 
are two others which I have liked in my garden. Rose Dominion 
is still a very distinct older one, and Coralie, when well grown, is 
hard to surpass for mass effect. Lily Pons is, in my judgment, the 
best of several deep pinks from Mr. Washington, and is a very 
fine all-around iris. 


Directeur Pinelle (6), Legend (6), Red Dominion (6) and 
Purple Giant (4). 

I would add several to this list, first of all Indian Hills from Dr. 
Grant, which makes a splendid colorful mass. Mr. Hall’s Royal 
Command, a redder Persia, of fine form and growing habits, must 
be reckoned with here. Colonel Nicholls’ Smolder is one of the 
best in this color class. Rhapsody is unique in coloring and 
thoroughly fine. As I saw them grown this year, I would also rank 
well Destiny, Incognito, Pavori and Thelma Jean. Charlotte Millet, 
one of the best newer French ones, will also attract a great deal of 
attention in this color group. 


Depute Nomblot (7) and Shirvan (6). 

Louvois, one of the finest things to be sent to us from France, 
will jump immediately to the top in this group. I prefer Rebellion 
to Jeb Stuart. It is a far better grower and has better substance 
in my garden. I don’t particularly like either Beowulf or Elkhart. 

Reds and Coppers 

Cheerio (7), Junaluska (7), Christabel (6), Joycette (6), The 
Red Douglas (6), Burning Bronze (5), Piute (5), Radiant (4) 
and Garden Magic (4). 

I have no quarrel with the above list, except to comment that 
Burning Bronze and Garden Magic are not growers with me, de¬ 
spite the fact that they are both rich, handsome irises. Although 
not as red as most of the others, The Red Douglas is as fine an iris 
as I have ever grown. Radiant, although probably in the intermedi¬ 
ate class as to height, is one of the brightest and most attractive. 
When it can be grown in mass it will seem startlingly good. Here 
as in the yellow self classification we have been flooded with fine 


new ones and it is exceedingly difficult to single out the best of 
them. Red Gleam seems an even better deep red self than Christabel, 
which is high praise. E. B. Williamson, as I saw it growing at Paul 
Cook’s, is thoroughly worthy of the awards which it has received. 
Stained Glass, a brilliant reddish copper with the right sunlight on 
it, and otherwise dull, seemed to me to be a fine color break. Copper 
Crystal and Maya are two very fine reds from Mr. Washington. 
Many competent judges rank Bob Schreiner’s Marco Polo near 
the top. Crimson Tide and Red Bonnet both seemed fine on first 
acquaintance this year. Others which appealed to me and which 
I want to grow are Portland, Red Velvet, Bronzino, Saracen, Gal¬ 
lant Leader, Setting Sun and Anna Gage. Wildfire is a bright 
red but small and short. Copper Piece is novel in coloring. Ouray 
is another small one, good for massing, but otherwise not much. 
Ossar has been quite poor with me. Older ones which I still like are 
Dauntless, Indian Chief, Spokan, Golden Helmet and Sir Launcelot. 
Despite the flood of fine new ones we are making only gradual 
progress toward the ultimate red iris; I, for one, hope that when it 
arrives it won’t be too red! 

(Perhaps some readers of this section of my notes may note 
similarities and differences between these notes and an article which 
I have written for the August Flower Grower. The differences come 
chiefly from the fact that I was requested by the editors of The 
Flower Grower not to include any mention of varieties not reason¬ 
ably w T ell disseminated and hence in that article I was limited in 
the discussion of newer varieties to those introduced in 1938 
and earlier. Naturally, the inclusion here of 1939 introductions 
and some scheduled for introduction later makes a considerable 
change in the w r hole picture.) 


Surely it is high time for a conclusion! And perhaps not just 
for this year. Next year I probably shall attempt only a brief 
supplement to these notes; hence anyone at all interested is urged 
to retain this printed copy so that next year’s supplement will 
have some meaning. 

Again I earnestly request comments on this “outburst,” par 
ticularly where opinion disagrees with mine! 






Rosy Wings Gage 




Tie Vote for Second 


H. P. Sass 


American Varieties—Tail Bearded 

E. B. Willimson 


City of Lincoln 

H. P. Sass 





The Red Douglas 

J. Sass 

China Maid 




Mount Cloud 


Other Than Tall Bearded 

Southland Int. H. P. Sass 

Grace Mohr Hybrid Jory 

Foreign Varieties 

Mme. Louis Aureau Cayeux 

Louvois Cayeux 

Mme. Maurice Lassaillv Cayeux 


Tall Bearded 





Blue Spire 




California Trek 


Champagne Glow 



D. Hall 

Elsa Sass 

II. P. Sass 

Fair Elaine 


Gallant Leader 


Glen Ellen 


Golden Majesty 


Great Lakes 



H. P. Sass 

May Day 

D. Hall 



Morning Song 


Mt. Washington 


Mrs. Silas Waters 


Red Bonnet 




Royal Coach 

H. P. Sass 

Ruth Pollock 

H. P. Sass 

Snow Flurry 


Song of Gold 


Spun Gold 


Stella Polaris 




Thelma Jean 


Treasure Island 


Yellow Jewel 


Hybrids and Spe . 


Nad a Hybrid 


Ormohr Hybrid 


Some Love Hybrid 



Honey Dwarf 

Caroline Bnrr T. B. 

Pink Ruffles Int. 

No. 39-74 T. B. 

Wm. J. McKee, 

Chairman Awards Committee 
August 10, 1939. 





II. R. Watkins, 




■ The following Awards have been made to the undermentioned 
Bearded Iris by the Joint Iris Committee of the Royal Horticul¬ 
tural Society and the Iris Society, after trial at Wisley. 

Class 4 a. 

Raised and introduced by Mr. T. F. Donahue, sent by G. L. 
Pilkington, Esq., Lower Lee, Woolton, Liverpool. 

Class 4 l). 

Raised, introduced and sent by the Hon. Canon Rollo Meyer, 
Manor End, Little Gaddesden, Berkhamsted, Herts. 

Class 5 l). 

Raised, introduced and sent by the late Mrs. E. K. Dykes. 

Class 6. c. 1. 

Raised, introduced and sent by Messrs. R, Wallace and Co., 
The Old Gardens, Tunbridge Wells. 

Raised by Dr. W. McL. Ayres, introduced by Mrs. D. Pattison, 
sent by G. L. Pilkington, Esq., Lower Lee, Woolton, Liverpool. 

Class 6. c. 2. 

Raised by Mr. B. Y. Morrison, introduced by Miss G. Sturte- 
vant, sent by Mrs. E. A. Peckham, Skylands Farm, Sterlington, 
Rockland Co., U. S. A. 

Class 8 a. 

Raised, introduced and sent by H. Chadburn, Esq., Marsh Acres, 
Middleton-cum-Fordlev, Saxmundham. 




■ The jury met in the Colie Oppio Park on May 8, 1939; it was 
presided over by Comm. Mario Brenciaglia, representing H. E. the 
Governor of Rome, and the other members were: 

Contesst Mary Senni, for the American Iris Society. 

Signorina Maria Teresa Parpagliolo, for the Societa Amici dei 

Signorina Mina Azimonti, for the Societa Orticola Lombarda. 

Cav. S. McLeod Braggins, for the Iris Society, England. 

Dr. Elvezio Ricci, Park Director. 

Sig. Mario Vannicola, Inspector in charge of the Colle Oppio. 

It was decided that no iris was worthy of the Gold Medal, and 
the Jury then proceeded to give the following awards: 

Foreign Iris 

1st. certificate to No. 18—“Blue Diamond.” 

(Miss Willmott X Santa Barbara) from J. C. Nicholls, Ithaca, 
New York, U. S. A. 

1st. certificate to No. 5, a rose-red self. 

From R. Schreiner, St. Paul, Minnesota, U. S. A. 

2nd. certificate to No. 6. 

From R. Schreiner, a blue bicolour of fine shape. 

Italian Iris 

1st. certificate to No. 7, “Via Appia Antica” (Purissima X Sikh, 

From Villa Senni, Rome, light yellow. 



• H. E., the Governor of Rome, has established a prize for the 
best new varieties of iris, consisting of two gold medals, one for 
the best new Italian iris and one for the best new foreign iris. 

Those desiring to take part in this competition should send one 
or two strong roots of each variety not later than December 30, 
1939, addressed to the DIREZIONE DEI GIARDINI DEL GOV- 

These irises will be grown in the Colle Oppio Park, above the 
ruins of the Golden House of Nero, opposite the Colosseum. 

The plants will remain in position until June 1941, to permit the 
Jury to study them during two flowering seasons. 

The Jury will be appointed by H. E. the Governor. 

The roots must be accompanied by the required sanitary inspec¬ 
tion certificate. 

A competitor may not present more than ten new varieties, 
which must not be in commerce at December 31, 1939. 

Each plant must bear a label with a mtoto or a capital letter 
(in place of the raiser’s name) and a number (in place of the 
name of the variety). This letter, or motto, and number must 
be repeated on the outside of a sealed envelope, inside which will 
be the name and address of the raiser, and the name of the variety, 
if it has one. 

Each plant must be accompanied by a sheet of paper, repeating 
the capital letter and number, with a description of the flower, its 
characteristics, its parentage and race, and any other information 
considered useful, and a declaration that it is not in commerce at 
the moment of entry. 

If the variety needs any special cultivation or care, it may be 
stated here. 

These documents must be addressed to the Direzione dei Giar- 
dini del Governatorato, which will carefully file them and preserve 
their contents from the knowledge of the Jury until the close of 
the judging. 

It is advisable to send the irises by Parcels Post. Upon arrival 
each will be assigned a number with which it will be sent to the 
park where they are to be grown. 

If so desired, the eventual increase will be returned to the raiser, 
one root being retained for the Code Oppio Collection. 



■ During the past year several members of the Society have re¬ 
ported they have experienced heavy losses in sales of iris sold on 
a credit basis. The purchasers in question have misrepresented 
facts in establishing credit, such as giving the names of A.I.S. 
members to whom they are unknown as reference, without au¬ 
thority, giving bank references without having connections with 
the bank, stating accounts would be paid from a trust fund in 
thirty days, and inferring they are people of means by referring 
to country estates which do not exist, etcetera. The prospective 
purchasers appear to be interested only in the expensive varieties 
of iris and have corresponded with dealers, hybridizers and col¬ 
lectors. Members should investigate requests for credit from un¬ 
known persons. 



All of the dealers listed below are members of The American 
Iris Society. If you are buying Iris for your garden, it should be 
your particular pleasure to make your purchases from the dealers 
who have worked with and supported your society. Your officers 
and directors invite your particular attention to this list. They also 
ask a favor. When you order, tell the dealer you saw his name in 
the Bulletin and do him a favor by not asking for a catalog 
unless you mean business. 


and IRIS 



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A large list of the best standard vari¬ 
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German Irises Grown in the fertile Lime¬ 
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} Colorado Springs, Colorado 


Iris Oriental Poppies 

Hemerocallis Peonies 


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Newest, Rarest and Finest Iris 



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New and Standard Varieties — 


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Only the Finest Bearded Iris 




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The Finest Collection of 
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Productions include Coppersmith, Dune 
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Moon Magic, Morning Splendor, Nocturne, 
Phosphor, Sequoiah, Sylvia Lent, Tropic 
Seas, Waterfall. 

Author, Rainbow Fragments, A Carden 
Book of the Iris.” Price $2.00 


Only best of old and new varieties, at attractive 
prices. Fine quality roots, liberally graded. Our 
Catalog names best commercial cut-flower varieties, 
and gives valuable planting and growing instruc¬ 

Growers of Fine Peonies since 1911 




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New types, new seasons. Get to know them 
by writing for our catalog. 


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Since 1920 

’Tis Planting Time for 




BULBOUS IRIS (Dutch, Spanish and English) in September. 
Our true-to-name stock is of the best. 

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Would you have blooming plants next year of DELPHINIUMS, COLUMBINES, 
LUPINS, or any other perennials you MUST sow your seeds in July and August. 

Our combined IRIS SEED AND BULB CATALOG, listing many a rare garden 
treasure, is now ready for mailing. If interested, we will be glad to send you a copy. 

Don’t Order Your Iris Until You Have Seen Our New Price List. 




M EMBERS of the American Iris Society who also enjoy roses to 
unite with it in improving and furthering the enjoyment of 
roses throughout the world. 

The American Rose Annual, sent to each member every year, 
describes all the new roses and is packed with information and in¬ 
spiration for rose growers. 

The American Rose Quarterly deals with current exhibitions, meet¬ 
ings, rose pilgrimages, roster of members, etc. 

"What Every Rose Grower Should Know,” the Society’s book 
of instructions for rose-growing, is sent to each member. 

The Committee of Consulting Rosarians will give free advice on 
all rose subjects. 

Dues $3.50 per Year; Three Years for $10.00 


Harrisburg, Penna. 


A T a recent meeting of the American Peony Society the Board of 
Directors voted to make a drastic reduction in the price of the peony 
manual, good until available supply is exhausted or until the first of the 
year. Present price $2.25 postpaid. 

Every peony lover should have this manual with supplement, bound in 
one book, as it is an encyclopedia of peony knowledge obtainable from 
no other sources. Manual originally sold for $6.00. Present price far 
under cost of production. If you are looking for a real bargain, here's 
your chance. Don't hesitate. They are going fast at this price. Circular 
on request. 

Membership in the American Peony Society, four splendid bulletins 
and the beautiful, helpful Manual only $5.00. Make remittances to the 
American Peony Society and mail to 

W. F. CHRISTMAN, Secretary 



The 1935, 1936, and 1937 Daffodil Yearbooks went to many 
members of The American Iris Society and it is hoped that the 
1938 issue will go to even more, since narcissus make a wonderful 
picture before the iris fill the garden. If you have not discovered 
this, try them. The 1938 Yearbook is of great value and sells for 
the ridiculously low price of fifty cents. Some copies of the 1936 
issue are still available. Give yourself a treat and order both. Send 
your remittance to the Secretary, American Horticultural Society, 
821 Washington Loan and Trust Building, Washington, D. C. 


It has been called to our attention that there is a chance 
that someone who is not a member of the A. I. S. may read 
your copy of the Bulletin and wonder how he too may be¬ 
come a subscriber. If you happen to be such a reader, let us 
assure you that the Society welcomes to membership all per¬ 
sons who feel that special knowledge of iris would be wel¬ 
come in their gardening. 

Membership is by the CALENDAR year. Annual Mem¬ 
bership is three dollars; Triennial Membership is eight dollars 
and fifty cents; Life Membership is fifty dollars. 

Make your check or money order payable to the American 
Iris Society and send to Mr. Howard Watkins, Secretary, 821 
Washington Loan & Trust Building, Washington, D. C. 
Please follow the instruction. It will help us all in the 
record keeping. 



CTHIS is written essentially for the begin- 
ner with many illustrations to show the 
diversities of form and the most simple direc¬ 
tions. You cannot afford to miss it. 114 
pages, over 50 illustrations. The price is one 
dollar postpaid. 

Make check payable to the American 
Horticultural Society, 821 Washington Loan 
and Trust Building, Washington, D. C. 




American Iris Society 

July, 1939 
No. 74 


Foreword, B. F. Morrison ___ 1 

The Problem of Species of the Louisiana Irises, Herbert Parkes Riley _ 3 

Color in the Iris Garden, Agnes Whiting ____ 8 

Border Highlights, Mrs. Charles Ward Burton _ 10 

Garden Pictures from Texas_ 12 

Varietal Comments, Ray J. Belsley _-_ 15 

Farmingdale Iris Garden, George M. Reed _._ 20 

Growing and Hybridizing Iris in the Southwest by an Amateur, 

J. Lee Rogers _ 22 

An Explanation, Charles E. F. Gersdorff _ 24 

A Series of Arrangements_ 26 

Iris Notes, 1939, G. L. Pilkington ___ 31 

Published Quarterly by 


Entered as second-class matter January, 1934, at the Post Office at Baltimore, Md., 

under the Act of March 3, 1879. 

$3.00 the Year—50 Cents per Copy for Members 



Term expiring 1939: Dr. H. H. Everett 

Dr. J. H. Kirkland 

J. B. Wallace, Jr. 
Richardson Wright 

Term expiring 1940: W. J. McKee 

David F. Hall 

J. P. Fiahbarn 
Dr. Henry Lee Grant 

Term expiring 1941: 

Dr. Franklin Cook 
Kenneth D. Smith 

Howard R. Watkins 
J. E. Wilis 

President —Dr. H. H. Everett, 417 Woodman Accident Building, Lincoln, Nebr. 
Vice-President —Mr. W. J. McKee, 45 Kenwood Are., Worcester, Mass. 

Secretary —Mr. Howard R. Watkins, 821 Washington Loan and Trust Bldg., 
Washington, D. C. 

Treasurer —J. P. Fishburn, Box 2531, Roanoke, Ya 
Regional Vice-Presidents — 

1. Mrs. Herman E. Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass. 

2. Frederick W. Caseebeer, 953 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. 

3. John C. Wisiter, Wister St. and Clarkson Ave., Germantown, Philadel¬ 

phia, Pa. 

4. J. Marion Shull, 207 Raymond St., Chevy Chase, Md. 

5. Mr. T. N. Webb, Durham, N. C. 

6. Mrs. Silas B. Waters, 2005 Edgecliff Point, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

7. Mr. Geddes Douglas, 440 Chestnut Street, Nashville, Tenn. 

8. Mrs. W. F. Roecker, 3319 North 14th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

9. Dr. Franklin Cook, 636 Church St., Evanston, Ill. 

10. Frank E. Chowning, 2110 Country Club Lane, Little Rock, Ark. 

11. Dr. C. W. Hungerford, 514 East C St., Moscow, Idaho. 

12. Mr. Merritt Perkins, 2235 Fairfax St., Denver, Colo. 

13. Dr. R. E. Kleinsorge, Silverton, Ore. 

14. Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop, 3205 Poplar Blvd., Alhambra, Calif. 

15. Mrs. G. G. Pollock, 1341 45th St., Sacramento, Calif. 

16. William Miles, Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada. 

Chairmen of Committees: 

Scientific—Dr. A. E. Waller, 210 Stanbery Ave., Bexley, Columbus, Ohio. 
Election—Dr. C. Stuart Gager, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Membership and Publicity—Dr. H. H. Everett, Woodman Accident 
Building, Lincoln, Nebr. 

Registration—C. E. F. Gersdorff, 1825 No. Capitol St., Washington, D. C. 
Exhibition—Mrs. Ralph E. Ricker, 1516 R^ss St., Sioux City, Iowa. 
Recorder of Introductions and Bibliography—Mrs. W. II. Peckham, The 
Lodge, Skylands Farm, Sterlington, N. Y. 

Awards— W. J. McKee. 

Editorial Board —B. Y. 

Mrs. James R. Bachman 
Mrs. Wm. H. Benners 
Henry L. Butterworth 
Mrs. Ella W. Callis 
Frank E. Chowning 
Charles E. Decker 
Fred De Forest 
Julius Dornblut, Jr. 
d. R. Duffy 
Leo J. Egelberg 

Morrison, Editor; Mrs. 

Mrs. J. F. Emigholz 
C. E. F. Gersdorff 
Dr. Henry Lee Grant 
David F. Hall 
A. H. Harkness 
H. H. Harned 
Mrs. W. K. Kellogg 
E. G. Lapham 
L. W. Lindgren 
Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop 
Mrs. C. S. McKinney 

J. E. Hires, Ass’t Editor 

Bruce C. Maples 
Mrs. G. R. Marriage 
Mrs. H. Hoyt Nissley 
Ford B. Rogers 
Kenneth D. Smith 
Miss Dorothy Stoner 
M. Frederick Stuntz 
R. S. Sturtevant 
Mrs. Walter E. Tobie 
Mrs. C. G. Whiting 

LANTERN SLIDES—Rental Fee (to members) #10.00. Apply to Mrs. 
Herman E. Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass. 



■ Following immediately upon the heels of No. 73 and with No. 
75 panting close behind, this bulletin also contains a major opus, 
this time from Mr. Gr. L. Pilkington, President, The Iris Society, 
who visited “the States’ 7 this season and transmitted his pungent 
notes and charming pictures, for our delectation. 

Two groups of pictures are included in this issue, thanks to 
Mrs. Wm. H. Benners, who rallied her friends for our help. The 
frontispiece and the pictures on pages 12, 13, 14 show iris in gar¬ 
den use, while those on pages 26-30, inclusive, have to do with 
arrangements. Our special thanks go to Mrs. Benners, who first 
contributes this type of material after many petitions from the 

For photographs on pages 39 and 43 our special thanks to Mr. 
Williams, of Nashville. 

A word must be said here of the loss the Society bears this 
year in the deaths of Chancellor Kirkland, Mr. T. A. Washington, 
Mr. Edward Salbach and Mr. Julius Dornblut, Jr. Each is missed 
for those special characteristics that made them the men they 

B. Y. Morrison, Editor. 

Me Anally Studio 

One hundred varieties of bearded iris on the terrace of Mr. and 
Mrs. George N. Aldredge, Dallas Texas. Among those in flower are 
Cheerio, Burning Bronze , Zaharoon , Theodolinda , Shining Waters, 

Alia California 

OCT 29 1939 




Herbert Parkes Riley, 

Department of Botany, University of Washington, 

Beattie, Washington 

■ When the late Dr. John K. Small investigated the iris fields of 
southeastern Louisiana, he revealed material of great interest 
scientifically as well as horticulturally. With E. J. Alexander he 
named over eighty new species from that area, many of them based 
upon flower color and color pattern (Small and Alexander 1931). 
Although published as neAV species, Small himself (1931) offered 
the suggestion that many of them might have arisen as hybrids 
between the copper-colored I. fulva Ker-Gawler and the blue- 
flowered I. hexagona var. giganticaerulea (Small) R. C. Foster. He 
speaks of these two species as the “two possible parental species/’ 
but emphasizes that while many of the others possibly had a hybrid 
origin, they are “now fixed and well-established.” A possible in¬ 
dication of hybridization is seen from figure 4 of Small’s paper, 
although he did not recognize it as such. That figure illustrates a 
colony labelled I. (giganticaerulea from Cut-Off, Louisiana, with 
violet-colored flowers and flower-stalks seven feet tall. The author 
has observed many clones of that species but he never saw plants 
that reached seven feet in height. The violet-colored flowers indi¬ 
cate a possible hybrid origin; if this is so, the unusually tall and 
robust condition may be due to hvbrid vigor. 

In a discussion of the ecological distribution of the Louisiana 
irises, Viosca (1935) showed that I. foliosa in southeastern Louisiana 
is found only in land of loessal origin, in depressions in poorly 
drained areas; I. virginica is a Coastal Plain plant, growing in 
swamps or low places in the pine country; I. fulva is found in al¬ 
luvial land on the banks of present or former deltaic streams or 
between the far sides of the alluvial ridge and a cypress swamp; 

7. giganticaerulea is restricted to the borders of sub-maritime fresh¬ 
water marshes, and is most luxuriant in mucky clay formed by 
the disintegration of marsh plants. Yiosca points out further that 
if, in the general locality of the last two species, the water im¬ 
pounded in a swamp should break out and traverse a deltaic ridge, 
or if a small deltaic ridge should penetrate into a marsh, the 

[ 3 ] 

habitats of 7. fulva and of I. gig ant icaer idea are brought into much 
more intimate contact than normally and these species may hy¬ 
bridize to form a number of new types. These new types are very 
numerous but a few of them correspond with some of Small’s 
species. Among these are 7. fulvaurea, 7. vinicolor, 7. chryso- 
phoenicia, 7. chrysaeola, 7. callilopha, 7. viridivinea, I. fourchiana, 
and others. Viosca considers that I. citricristata, I. miraculosa, and 
7. elephantina are color variants of I. gig ant icaer idea, and thirteen 
others of Small’s putative species are also regarded as variants, al¬ 
though Viosca states that they might be hybrids very close to this 
blue-flowered species. 

The Louisiana irises have also been discussed in Foster’s recent 
survey (1937) of the genus Iris in North America. Foster’s in¬ 
terpretation is fundamentally in accord with that of Viosca, for he 
recognizes that only four species are present in Louisiana. I. fulva 
and 7. virginica are treated exactly as in Viosca’s publication 
(1935), but the name of I. foliosa is changed to the older I. brevi- 
caulis, and Iris gig ant icaer idea is considered a variety of I. 
hexagona. Like Viosca, Foster regards many of Small’s species 
as hybrids, basing his conclusions partly on chromosome studies. 
Simonet (1932) and Randolph (1934) have shown that the diploid 
chromosome number is 42 for 7. fulva, and from Simonet’s figure 
25 it is seen that two are long V-shaped chromosomes having me¬ 
dian attachment points, and are considerably larger than the others. 
Foster (1937) points out also that the chromosome complements 
of both 7. brevicaulis and 7. hexagona var. giganticaerulea differ 
from that of 7. fulva in the absence of long V’s. Randolph (1934) 
counted 44 chromosomes for 7. brevicaulis and Foster (1937) found 
the same number in 7. hexagona var. giganticaerulea although 
Randolph reports both 42 and 44 for this species. Several forms, 
including 7. Thomasii, 7. fourchiana, 7. vinicolor, and 7. chryso- 
phoenicia have 43 chromosomes with one large V and have for 
that reason been assumed to be hybrids. A number of plants had 
44 chromosomes and one or more large V’s. In these, the larger 
number of chromosomes resembles 7. hexagona var. giganticaerulea 
and the V-shaped chromosomes must have come from 7. fulva, so 
that this group, which includes types like 7. viridivinea, 7. violi- 
purpurea and 7. chrysaeola, was undobutedly of hybrid origin. 
Several plants with 44 chromosomes showed no V’s and probably 
did not originate as hybrids involving 7. fulva . It is interesting to 
note that these include 7. citricristata and 7. elephantina which 

[ 4 ] 

Viosca (1935) believes to be mere color variants of 7. hexagona var. 
giganticaeridea. These chromosome studies are by no means con¬ 
clusive in themselves, for F 2 plants or progeny from backcrosses 
could have had 7. fulva as one of the original parents and still 
lacked V-shaped chromosomes, but in conjunction with the ecologi¬ 
cal studies that have been made, they are significant. 

The present author (Riley, 1938) attempted to measure the 
amount of hybridization which has taken place between 7. fulva 
and 7. hexagona var. gig ant icaer idea at one of the places where 
they come into contact. The place selected for study was near 
Ivraemer, Louisiana. There, a former deltaic stream which had been 
closed off and partially filled with soil was intersected by a swamp 
drainage bayou, Bayou Boeuf. The deltaic stream was a former 
outlet of the Mississippi River. On one bank was found 7. fulva, 
growing in its typical habitat and coming down just to the edge of 
the stream bed. At the intersection of the former deltaic stream 
with Bayou Boeuf was a marshy area in which a number of clones 
of 7. hexagona var. gig ant icaer idea had become successfully estab¬ 
lished. About ten years before this study was made, the land oc¬ 
cupied by the partially filled deltaic stream was partly cleared for 
the pasturing of cattle, and this created a habitat in which 7. 
hexagona var. gig ant icaer idea could grow. Probably seeds or 
rhizomes of this species from the clones at the intersection of 
Bayou Boeuf and the former deltaic stream were washed down the 
latter and became established a few feet from the plants of 7. 

Two groups of twenty-three clones each were studied, one group 
in the center of the former distributary of the Mississippi and 
the other nearer the location of 7. f ulva. For comparison, twenty- 
three clones of the latter species and twenty-three of 7. hexagona 
var. gig ant icaer idea at the intersection were studied. On each plant, 
seven characters were recorded as similiar to those of 7. fulva, like 
the other species, or as intermediate between them. If the character 
was like 7. fulva, it was scored 0; if like 7. hexagona var. giganticae- 
rulea it was 2, 3, or 4 (depending upon the particular character 
in question), and if intermedate was 1, 2, or 3. When all seven 
characters were scored on a plant, they were added together and 
their sum represented the index value for all seven characters of 
that plant. Plants of 7. fulva had a total index value of 0 or 1, 
and those of 7. hexagona var. gig ant icaer idea were 16 or 17. 
This method was first suggested by Edgar Anderson (1936) and 

[ 5 ] 

the characters used in this Iris study (Riley, 1938) were tube 
color, sepal color, sepal length, petal shape, shape of the stylar 
appendages, exertion of stamens, and form of the crest. All plants 
of 7. hexagona var. giganticaerulea from the marsh scored 16 or 17 
and all plants of 7. fulva scored 0 or 1, showing that they were all 
typical of their species. Of the twenty-three clones which were 
recorded from the center of the former deltaic stream, twenty-one 
were exactly like var. giganticaerulea while the other two scored 9 
and 10 respectively and were undoubtedly hybrids. Of the clones 
in the former stream but nearer the plants of 7. fulva on the alluvial 
ridge, ten scored 16 or 17; three had a value of 15, one was 14, two 
were 13, three were 12, one had an index value of 10, two scored 8, 
and one was close to 7. fulva , since it, scored only 3. The fact that 
fifteen plants out of forty-six in a zone which was geographically 
and ecologically intermediate were hybrids shows that hybridiza- 
tion can account for many more new types than Small ever saw 
and lends support to the theory that most of the peculiar types in 
Louisiana are hybrids. It is interesting to note that the hybrids 
were closer to var. giganticaerulea than to 7. fulva both geographi¬ 
cally and morphologically and that the group which was farther 
from 7. fulva geographically was more like the other species in ap¬ 
pearance. Such a situation is not uncommon and has been named 
“introgressive hybridization” by Anderson and Hubricht (1938). 

Further evidence that many of Small’s species are hybrids is 
obtained by examining the pollen fertility of the various types. 
Riley (1938) showed that 7. fulva and 7. hexagona var. giganticae¬ 
rulea were highly fertile, but that many of the hybrids were far 
more sterile than either of these two species. There is evidence also 
(Riley, unpublished data) that some of Small’s species had about 
the same percentage of fertile pollen as did the natural hybrids 
and that 7. virginica, 7. brevicaulis, 7. fulva , and 7. hexagona var. 
giganticaerulea were highly fertile. Iris vinicolor, 7. viridivinea, 7. 
chrysophoenicia, I. Thomasii, and horticultural forms such as 
Grapejuice, Imperialis, and Ponchatoula Blue were fertile to a 
lesser degree than were any plants of the four types which have 
been generally believed to be pure species. 

Since evidence from ecological relationships, chromosome mor¬ 
phology, pollen fertility and morphological characters all points in 
the same direction, the fact of the hybrid origin of most of Small’s 
numerous “species” of iris from southeastern Louisiana can no 
longer be questioned. Since they are hybrids, and since they have 

[ 6 ] 

not become well established and are restricted for the most part 
to one or two clones, they should not be given specific rank. 

Literature Cited 

Anderson, Edgar. 1936. Hybridization in American Tradescan- 
tias. I. A method for measuring species hybrids. II. Hybridiza¬ 
tion betAveen T. virginica and T. canaliculata. Annals Missouri 
Bot. Gard. 23: 511-525. 

Anderson, Edgar and Leslie Ilubricht. 1938. Hybridization in 
Tradescantia. III. The e\ r iclence for introgressive hybridization. 
Amer. Jour. Bot. 25: 396-402. 

Foster, Robert C. 1937. A cyto-taxonomic survey of the North 
American species of Iris. Contrib. Gray Herbarium 119 : 3-82. 
Randolph, L. F. 1934. Chromosome numbers in native American 
and introduced species and cultivated varieties of Iris. Bull. 
Amer. Iris Soc. 52: 61-66. 

Riley, Herbert Parkes. 1938. A character analysis of colonies of 
Iris fulva, I. hexagona var. gig ant icaer idea and natural hybrids. 
Amer. Jour. Bot. 25: 727-738. 

Simonet, Marc. 1932. Recherches cytologiques et genetiques chez 
les Iris. Bull. Biol. France et Belg. 66: 255-444. 

Small, John Iv. 1931. Salvaging the native American Irises. Jour. 

New York Bot. Gard. 32: 175-184. 

Small, John K. and Edward J. Alexander. 1931. Botanical inter¬ 
pretation of the Iridaceous plants of the Gulf States. Contrib. 
New York Bot. Gard. No. 327: 325-357. 

Viosca, Percy, Jr. 1935. The Irises of southeastern Louisiana. A 
taxonomic and ecological interpretation. Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 
57: 3-56. 

[ 7 ] 


Agnes Whiting 

■ The wonderful opportunities for effective color combinations in 
the iris garden make a challenge to us which is a joy to answer. 
Last year we conducted a color contest and the results were most 
interesting to us—perhaps they will be to you. We offered prizes 
for the winning entries and the following were chosen by the 

First— Lady Paramount — Snowking — Missouri. This group was 
submitted by Mrs. Lois P. Humphrey, 11 Manor Ave., Claymont, 
Delaware. When Mrs. Humphrey was given her choice of $3.00 
worth of iris or an A. I. S. membership, she chose the latter—so we 
now have another enthusiastic new member. 

Second— Shirvan—Rating a—Mary Geddes. Mrs. William Ritter, 
Box 4, Louisville, Kentucky, sent in this suggestion which is unique 
and a bit daring. Another unusual analogous harmony suggested 
by Mrs. Ritter was Gloriole — Narain — Meldoric. 

Third— Pink Satin — Venus de Milo — Wedgewood. This sugges¬ 
tion was made by Mrs. Augusta K. Graff, an A. I. S. member, from 
Beatrice, Nebraska. 

Hundreds of splendid ideas for color harmony were sent in, 
showing careful study and appreciation of color values. We will 
pick out some of the most intriguing ones—hoping that they will 
be an inspiration to others as they have been to us. 

Jean Cayeux — Kalinga—King Tut. Of this group the one who 
suggested it says, “I have spent much time trying to get a per¬ 
fect combination using Jean Ca}^eux. Most yellows kill the subtle 
blending in Mean’, but I found that Kalinga ‘brought her out.’ 
Then a dark iris was called for to accent the two and I found King 
Tut to have just the right tones and to be of the right height and 
blooming season.” Several favorite groups included Jean Cayeux. 

Jean Cayeux — Winneshiek. “The sun, shining on these two, 
made them look as though made of stained glass. ’ ’ 

Jean Cayeux—Russet Gown—California Gold. 

Anne-Marie Cayeux—Jean Cayeux — Ozone. 

Eros—President Pilkington—Jean Cayeux. 

[ 8 ] 

Imperial Blush—Crystal Beauty—Shining Waters. 

Eilah—Miss Camelia—Am enti. 

El Tovar—Bed Radiance — Shirvan. 

Mohrson — Wm. Mohr—Desert Gold. 

Wambliska—Violet Crown—Indian Hills. 

Brunhilde—Eleanor Blue—Happy Days—California Gold. 
President Pilkington—Shining Waters-—Lady Paramount. 
Imperial Blush—The Black Douglas. 

Amigo — Blithesome. 

Cheerio—Alice Harding. 

Apricot Glow—Blue Monarch — Wambliska. 

Midgard—Bine Hill—Ph e b us. 

Easter Morn—Imperial Blush—Alta California. 

Clara Noyes — Talisman—Golden Light. 

Dolly Madison—Germaine Perthuis — Romance. 

Miclg ard—M eldo ric—A It a C alifo rnia. 

Tasmania — Missouri — Eclador. 

Coralie—Alice Harding — Dauntless. 

At Dawning—Alice Harding. 

Shining Waters—Pink Satin—Golden Treasure. 

Shah Jehan— -Persia — Sunmist. 

Summer Cloud—Apricot Glow — Winneshiek. 

Pink Satin—Mary Barnett—California Gold. 

Sensation — Rameses—Pluie d ’Or. 

Crown Prince — Nebraska — Rameses. Late. 

Spring Prom—Shining Waters — Snowking. 

Midwest Gem — Exclusive—Golden Treasure. 

This last group was sent in by two different people—it surely 
would be a knock out for beauty. For keener enjoyment let us 
become more and more color conscious. 

Mapleton, Iowa. 

[ 9 ] 


Mrs. Charles Ward Burton 

B A beautiful but accidental planting during iris time has Mid- 
gard as the focal point, with a large group of Ileuchera in pale 
pink on the left and next to that ten plants of white Dictamnus. 

On the right side of Midgard are clumps of oriental poppies, 
Edna Perry, pink, and Magnifica and Henry Cayeau, lavender. 
The background of this planting is Kerria japonica in a large mass. 
Looking across to the east in the distance (about 30 feet) are large 
clumps of hemerocallis in light yellow and orange. These are all 
in bloom with Midgard. 

A little earlier this same portion of the border has large clumps 
of dwarf purple iris, Anchusa myosotidiflora, yellow and white nar¬ 
cissus with tulips, Marjorie Bowen, Afterglow and Alaska. Under 
the kerria is a ground cover of ajuga and the planting seen in the 
distance is Phlox subulaia atropurpurea and Blue Llill in bloom at 
the same time. 

This distance planting is around the pool—the border planting 
borders the path leading to the rock garden and pool. A little later 
“the Point of Interest” in this same border is iris Ochroleuca a 
spurea with a large mass of Candidum lilies. 

Another iris combination that pleases me is Rameses with pale 
pink single peonies back of it, in front of a shrubbery border of 
Lemoine’s deutzia, and back of that a group of Prunus triloba and 
an apple tree that gives early bloom to this spot. Blooming with 
the peonies and Rameses this year was Kinglet, but I decided King¬ 
let was too bright a yellow and have replaced it with Shining 
Waters with the expectation the blue will add to the pink blend of 
Rameses and the peonies. 

A little later this same spot has Regale lilies and in August, 
bloom the Lycoris IIalii planted amongst the peonies, and a little 
later the Amelia chrysanthemums, and dwarf hardy asters. 

Purissima couldn’t be more beautiful anywhere than in my gar¬ 
den. Walking between the rose beds toward the house, Purissima 
stands stately and pure against the ivy on the house at the end of 
the path. Its early blooming companions are yellow tulips, Anchusa 

[ 10 ] 

myosotidiflora and white and yellow narcissus. Madonna lilies in 
late June—tall and dwarf hardy asters for fall bloom—but Puris- 
sima has the show all to herself during her blooming time. 

When I planted Purissima in this place I did not know it was 
hard to grow and was lucky to have selected a place just suited to 
her. I give the clump a light mulch of excelsior in the winter and 
it grows and increases in beauty each year. 

Walking away from the house back this same path under the arch 
on which ramblers and clematis bloom in their season and across 
the lawn, is a clump of Sierra Blue at the base of a small hill, with 
a large planting up the hill of pink peonies. Just at one side of 
Sierra Blue are some plants of Jeanne Mawson oriental poppy. The 
combination is very beautiful with Sir Michael on the other side. 
Wm. Mohr is a little farther to the right—Avith Iris tectorum in blue 
and white at its feet. A little later the highlight in this planting is 
Iris pseudacorus in light and dark yellow. 

Another yellow iris—Canavi, a spuria—is the star of the garden 
and when it is in bloom needs no blooming companion to add to its 
beauty. Earlier bloom in this same part of the border are single 
and double pink peonies and blue lupins and in early spring, Rosa 
Hugonis in the background planting with yellow and orange primu¬ 
las, martensia and narcissus, and in fall the tall and dwarf hardy 
asters and chrysanthemums in pink and lavender make this part 
of the garden a beauty spot six months of the year. 

The fall color of the hugonis and peonies with the tall straight 
green leaves of the iris give another four weeks of beauty in its 
variety of foliage and color. 

In the early spring the masses of dwarf iris in pale blue, yellow, 
white and deep purple combined with muscaria, alyssum saxatile, 
phlox clivaricata and subulata vivid and apple blossoms make the 
border edgings a joy to see. Add some tulips, narcissus and mer- 
tensia and you have bloom from April to June—when the German 
iris is king of the garden or rather queen of the garden. 

Detroit Iris Society. 


Me Anally Studio 

Service walk bordered with white iris — Shasta, Wambliska, San 
Francisco, Los Angeles, etc. Background of Deutzia and Phila- 


r 12] 

Blue iris leading to one of two bird baths in the city garden of Mr. 
and Mrs. George N. Aldredge, Dallas, Texas 

McAnally Studio 

[13 ] 


Me Anally Studio 

Cut iris used as decorations on terrace of city garden of Mr. and 
Mrs. George N. Aldredge, Dallas, Texas 



Ray J. Belsley 

Ming Yellow: (Glntzbeck). Good substance, a well shaped large 
flower, falls somewhat flaring, golden yellow, could not judge 
height. Shows Depute Nomblot ancestry in shape of bloom. 

Amenti: (Id. Sass). Ruffled petals on large flower with conical 
domed closed standards, falls with slight flare—clean violet mauve 
with suggestion of buff flush—high class. 

City of Lincoln: (II. Sass). Clean cut variegata—tall, fairly 
well branched, flower well shaped but not striking—fairly large, 
clear golden standards and reddish falls showing yellow edging, 
haft heavily veined. Must see again before can become enamored. 

Jelloway: (Parker). Flower of good substance except standards 
seem rather fragile, well formed closed standards, well branched; 
striking feature the brilliant golden jmllow color free from mark¬ 
ing, a classy flower. 

Mata Hari: (Nichols). Smooth flower of snappy blue, large and 
well formed somewhat bunched near top of stalk. A good iris, 

Morocco Rose: (Loomis). Very large squarish shaped flower of 
excellent substance in falls not so good in standards, falls wide and 
a bit flaring, standards closed but widely spread. Color near rose 
pink, rich-striking—even though bunched at top of stalk, “a must 
have. ’ ’ 

Orloff: (H. Sass). Saw it in 1937 and 1938, stalk straight—not 
so well branched but well balanced, medium sized flower, very un¬ 
usual in color. A yellow ground marked red-brown plicata, nothing 
else like it. A connoisseur’s flower. 

Our Lacly of the Snows: (Waller). Very large domed wide 
flower—grayish white, shy on buds which are rather high on stalk, 
falls flaring, excellent substance—a beautiful flower. 

Radiant: (Salbach). Saw one year plant color strikingly bril¬ 
liant coppery red on light side. 

Wabash: (Williamson). Medium sized perfect shaped flowers— 
domed, glistening white standards and flaring wavey bine violet 
falls with white edging. A most striking Amoena—best out. 

Grinter Amoena: (Grinter). Tall—standards push together— 
large. Perhaps liked by some. 

Alice Harding: (Cayeux). Just another Phebus a bit larger. 

Amigo: (Williamson). Striking color especially in falls but can’t 
see the enthusiasm for it, flowers small on what I saw now two years 
in succession, stalk short. 

Black Wings: (Kirkland). Dark blackish blue color but in four 
years’ observation have not seen a good stalk. 

Blue Triumph: (Grinter). Tall, medium light blue, perfect 
shaped flower of smooth texture, stalk widely branched but too tall 
for size of flower. 

Brown Betty: (White). A dirty brownish buff color, the general 
tone its only virtue. 

Burning Bronze: (Ayres). Have observed it now for five years. 
It, is the smoothest snappiest red bronze I have ever seen with per¬ 
fect stalk and flower, foliage not so good but well worthy of high¬ 
est award. 

California Gold: (Mitchell). Large blooms are brilliant yellow 
on tall stalk somewhat bunched at top. 

Capri: (Schreiner). Heavy petals light yellow with bronze over¬ 
lay—for front of border. 

Cheerio: (Ayres). More nearly a variegata. Falls glowing clean 
red—if standards were same color would be a wonder. A fine iris 

Chromylla: (Loomis). Tall, large flowered soft yellow always 
makes one think of a plain but beautiful person. Lacks “it”— 
heavy texture. 


Copper Lustre: (Kirkland). Have never liked it until this year. 
A novel color. 

Coralie: (Ayres). Saw this in a group with about twenty stalks, 

stood out above all other in color and brilliance. First time I have 

felt it worthy of Dykes medal. 

«/ «/ 

Crystal Beauty: (J. Sass). Tall large flower rather close 
branched, pinkish white-—beautiful. 

Depute Nomhlot: (Cayeux). A classic bloom—standard for form 
—rich—weak stalked ; otherwise faultless. 

Deseret: (Tliorup). A brilliant variegata—clean butter yellow 
standards, large flower. 

Directeur Pinelle: (Cayeux). Can’t see the reason for enthusi¬ 
asm except for the form. Dull. 

[ 16 ] 

Dymia: (Shuber). Newly opened flowers grand clean color but 
dull with age soon after. 

Easter Morn: (Essig). Rather shy bloomer but when it does a 
grand iris. 

Eclador: (Cayeux). As large and tall as any—quite a bit of 
brown markings on haft, flowers somewhat bunched. 

El Tovar: (H. Sass). Very rich but disappointing after the 
build-up of advance reports. 

Ella Winchester: (Grinter). Outstanding in its clean color of 
falls without markings—large. 

Garden Magic: (Grinter). Without a doubt the grandest red 
out; it has everything. An iris that will be desirable for years to 

Gilead: (Andrews). Only weakness is short season of bloom and 
weakness of stalk, perhaps a bit too tall for the weight of flowers. 

Golden Hind: (Chadburn). Cleanest butter yellow of any, of 
good form—would like to see it with larger blooms. 

Golden Light: (H. Sass). Can be seen anywhere in the garden, 
very ruffled, blossoms bunched. 

Golden Treasure: (Schreiner). Large well balanced flowers and 
stalk—form most desirable-—cream yellow with center lighted with 

Gudrun: (Dykes). Flowers large—fine substance, blooming sea¬ 
son medium length. While flowers are bunched at top of stalk it 
is well worth having. 

Itasca: (Ivleinsorge). Doesn’t, seem to have many buds on stalk 
but flowers are of the richest violet purple coloring—a self. Would 
like to see it on a well established planting. 

Jasmania: (Ayres). This flower has good substance and deep 
yellow coloring but this year showed some brownish spots in the 
falls. A fine iris nevertheless. 

Jean Cayeux: (Cayeux). A beautiful coffee tone with rather 
short branching. Has individuality. 

Jeb Stuart: (Washington). Have only seen this twice but both 
times was not impressed after the build-up. 

Junaluska: (Kirkland). Rather a variegata type but stalk seems 
too tall for size of flower, very brilliant. 

Jubilesta: (Grinter). There are many yellows so much better 
can’t see why this was introduced. 

Legend: (Wareham). This crimson purple iris should be excel¬ 
lent for hybridizing as it has everything useful. 

[ 17 ] 

Marquita: (Caveux). While the flowers are quite bunched on a 
tall stalk the color is so much different from others that it is quite 
outstanding. Standards hold together somewhat too tight. 

Mary Geddes: (Washington). Very brilliant—deserving of the 
Dykes medal and outstanding in the garden. 

M issouri: (Grinter). The most wonderful blue on cloudy days 
but shows a violet sheen in the sun. Well deserving of its award. 

Modoc: A rich black purple with large blossoms, bunched at top 
of stalk, color exciting. 

Naranjci: (Mitchell). A real orange colored iris, blossom smaller 
than one might suppose, petals somewhat spotted—color effect in 
garden quite unusual. 

Ningal: (Ayres). An iris not worthy of introduction. A big 

Paulette: (Millet). A huge lavender blue but so far have failed 
to see the branching as advertised. Attracts much attention in the 

Persia: (Ayres). An iris well worth while. Stalk tall well 
branched; flowers the right size and with excellent substance. The 
smoky standards harmonize excellently with the purple blue in the 

Phebus: (Cayeux). Stalk of good height, flowers well rounded, 
well balanced. The only criticism would be shortness of branch. 

Piute: (Thomas). Color practically the evenest dark red of 
any, no branching evident, blossom large. Falls turn under slightly 
which in this case is rather interesting. 

Peel Radiance: (Grinter). Garden effect at distance is much bet¬ 
ter than close-up view, quite a red effect—coarse. 

Rose Dominion: Typical dominion type of blossom of a soft rose 
red shade, very velvety—quite entrancing. 

Rosy Wings: (Gage). This light brown red well worthy of its 
introduction and award of honorable mention. Should be in every 

Sahara: (Pilkington). Has a tall well branched stalk—blooms 
have good substance—a self color of straw yellow, falls showing 
some brown spots believe due to weather conditions, well worth 

Shah Jehan: (Neel). A most fascinating iris, saw it with four 
branches—blossoms open on each one. Flowers well balanced in 
size for stalk. Most unusual. Lovely. 

Siegfried: (II. Sass). A new type plicata with very large blos- 

[ 18 ] 

soms on tall stalk, coloring unlike any other yellow with violet 
brownish markings, somewhat flaring falls quite ruffled. 

Sierra Blue: (Essig). While a wonderful blue, stalks not strong 

Snowking: Stalk tall, well branched—many flowers of large size 
—broad petals—balance perfect—quite outstanding. Has the poise 
of a king. 

Summer Tan: (Kirkland). Name implies the color which is quite 
rich, rather closely branched. 

The Black Douglas: (J. Sass). Well branched tall stalk with 
very dark well shaped blackish purple flowers, not as well formed as 
one might like. 

The Becl Douglas: (J. Sass). While it may not be the best dark 
red it is one of the most desirable; very rich even clean color, stalk 
well branched, well worthy of its award. Entrancing. 

Thuratus: (H. Sass). To my mind one of the best dark purples 
from every standpoint. 

Venus cle Milo: (Ayres). One of the most attractive clean whites; 
only criticism, branching a bit high on stalk. 

Vision: (Cayeux). When seen alone very attractive but with 
Citv of Lincoln color somewhat subdued. 

Wambliska: (J. Sass). Large blue toned white showing some 
marbeling and at times blue flecks, has substance. 

Wasatch: (Thorup). Flower is so floppy can’t see why it was 

William Mohr: (Mohr-Mitchell). While it is a difficult iris to 
grow, well worth while when it blooms, short season. 

Dolly Madison: (Williamson). An iris well worth while—lovely 
—can’t understand the adverse criticism. 

Vert Gallant: (Cayeux). A beautiful tall well branched iris of 
rich color and worthy of its introduction and award. 

Miss California : (Salbach). A beautiful rose lilac, nearly a self 
color, tall and seemingly with many blooms. 

Modiste: (D. Hall). Saw this in the originator’s garden before 
it was named. Believe it the most outstanding of its color type; a 
soft violet mauve, excellent in type, height and size. 

Peoria, III. 

[ 19 ] 


George M. Reed 

® The Farmingdale Iris Garden was established in the summer 
of 1935 through the cooperation of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden 
and the State Institute of Applied Agriculture on Long Island. 
The plans for the landscaping and the general arrangement of the 
iris beds were drawn by Mr. Harvey Gray, Instructor of Landscape 
Gardening at the Institute. The area is elliptical in shape, ap¬ 
proximately 180 feet east and west and 132 feet north and south. 
It is surrounded by a suitable planting of shrubs which, for the 
most part, are native of Japan. The garden area is separated into 
four sections by broad paths running at right angles to each other. 
The beds proper are 4 feet wide, and arranged concentrically, be¬ 
ing separated by paths of approximately the same width. 

The irregular border between the background of shrubs and the 
outer path of the garden proper is planted with the Siberian varie¬ 
ties and surplus material of the Japanese. The two outer beds are 
devoted entirely to the Japanese iris and the inner beds to the 
various types of Bearded iris. 

The main entrance on the east extends approximately 100 feet 
and is lined with shrubs, in front of which are planted 26 varieties 
of Japanese iris, arranged to illustrate their classification, based on 
color and shape. So far as possible, the better varieties were used 
in this particular planting. On the west side there is a similar 
path, between which and the background of shrubs are planted 
various iris species, such as I. versicolor, I. biglumis , I. pseud-acorns , 
I. setosa, I. spuria, I. ochroleuca, I. fulva and its various relatives. 

In 1935, approximately 350 varieties of Tall Bearded, Interme¬ 
diate and Dwarf Bearded were planted. Later in the season the 
Siberian, Japanese, Southern and other types were also put in. The 
Bearded iris were represented largely by newer and better varie¬ 
ties, but many of the older types were included; usually 9 to 12 
plants of each variety were set, although in the case of the Japanese 
and other beardless forms, generally 6 plants of a kind were put 
in. The iris within each group were arranged alphabetically. 

All the iris planted were treated by the hot water method in 

r 20 1 

order to prevent the establishment of the iris thrips, the small 
insect which has done so much damage to the Japanese iris at the 
Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Extensive experimentation had been 
carried on previously, which established the fact that the hot water 
method was effective, although it had to be applied with great cau¬ 
tion, especially to some types of iris. 

In 1936, excellent bloom on the Bearded iris was obtained. Some 
of the other groups also bloomed fairly well, although the Japanese 
varieties gave rather meager results. 

In the summer of 1936 the iris rhizome rot developed and in a 
short time practically ruined the Bearded iris plantings. This 
necessitated a resetting of the varieties in September. The plants 
took hold, grew well, and in 1937 excellent bloom for plants of 
that age was secured. Again, however, the iris rot appeared and 
destroyed a large number of the plants. This involved another 
replanting of the varieties, together with attempted treatments for 
the prevention of the rot in the late summer. In 1938 the bloom 
was excellent on the Bearded varieties, but rot appeared in early 
June and an attempt was made to overcome it by transplanting as 
soon as possible after the blooming period. 

The Bearded iris plantings have, perhaps, been more interesting 
from the standpoint of an epidemic of an iris disease than as a 
display garden of iris varieties. As a result of the rot, a consid¬ 
erable number of varieties originally planted have been lost, and 
the development of the disease has tended to discourage any at¬ 
tempt to replace them. However, a study is being made of the iris 
rhizome rot with a view to finding out some satisfactory method of 
control, and if this is found a further attempt for a large planting 
of Bearded iris will be made. 

In contrast to the behavior of the Tall Bearded iris, the Japa¬ 
nese, Siberian and miscellaneous species have given very fine re¬ 
sults. No serious loss of varieties has occurred; after the first year, 
excellent bloom has been obtained. 

In consequence, the plantings of all of these have been extended, 
particularly of the Japanese varieties. At the present time there 
are approximately 350 varieties of Japanese planted, filling two 
beds extending clear around the elliptical area. On one side of the 
garden the irregular border between the shrubs and the outer path 
is filled with Japanese iris, the other half being taken up with the 
Siberian varieties. As already mentioned, Japanese varieties are 

[ 21 ] 

also planted along the entrance path to illustrate the color classi¬ 

Splendid bloom was obtained in 1937 and 1938. Additional 
plantings, as well as the older clumps of iris, give great promise for 

In addition to the Farmingdale Iris Garden, a considerable area 
of land on the Institute Farm is devoted to propagation, particu¬ 
larly of Japanese iris varieties. Each year these plants have given 
excellent results and, although they are used primarily for plant¬ 
ing purposes in other areas, they are well worth being seen. 

For the last three years the Japanese iris at Farmingdale have 
been at their best during the latter part of June. 

Brooklyn Botanic Garden. 


J. Lee Rogers 

■ I began hybridizing iris with the determination to breed up 
and evolve a race of hybrids that could adapt themselves to the 
weather conditions of our southwest climate. By observing 
varieties in my garden, I found some could endure extreme heat, 
but could not take a late spring freeze and bloom that season, 
while other varieties would enter a more or less dormant state 
during the winter months, thereby escaping the late freeze. How¬ 
ever, these varieties were dormant too long in the summer and 
fall, and the result was slow increase and not enough new 
growth to keep healthy. 

For these reasons I cross only from the ones that pass the test. 
They must be of rapid increase, have a strong flower stalk, and 
a bloom that can stand hot sun and high wind. Hybridizing 
from such varieties I have seedlings that are far superior to their 
parents, and with blooms in untold shades of colors and blends. 

It is amazing how fast some of these seedlings multiplied and 
one produced twenty-two divisions two years from seed. Many 
seedlings have to be discarded, of course, for we do not want 
something just as good, they just have to be better. 

r 22 ] 

Yes, “better and better in every way.” That’s what we ama¬ 
teur hybridizers say. 

These varieties have proven good doers for me in this region: 
Coronation, Gold Imperial, G. P. Baker, Winneshiek, Katharine 
McFarland, Klamath, My Maryland, Griselda, True Delight, 
Cooley Surprise, Pink Opal, Julia Marlowe, Blue Bonnet, Morning 
Splendor, King Tut, King Juba, King Karl, Mrs. Valerie West, Red 
Wing, Romola, Eloise Lapham, Elsinore, Motif, Baldwin, Asia, 
Waconda, Anne-Marie Cayeux, Thuratus, Majestic, Labor, Ger¬ 
maine Perthius, Lona, Midgard, Mildred Presby, Hyacinthus, Pluie 
D’Or, Raineses, Gay Hussar, Dolly Madison, Lenzschnee, Lent A. 
Williamson, Mary Geddes, Irma Pollock and Zwannenburg. 

The following produced seed: Raineses, Klamath, My Maryland, 
Cooley Surprise, Katharine McFarland, Blue Bonnet, Red Wing, 
G. P. Baker, Julia Marlowe, Coronation, Pink Opal, Midgard, King 
Karl and Lona. 

Methods of Culture 

I like to do my transplanting the last of August or first of Sep¬ 
tember when the first fall rains come. 

I set the plant just a little high, and after firming the soil well 
over the roots, pull the soil up over the rhizome, covering it lightly. 

I maintain clean cultivation, but do not disturb the rhizomes. 
The firm soil around the rhizome seems to induce new growth much 
faster than where soil is stirred up from time to time. Where one 
has no means of irrigating, I think dry farming methods should be 
followed to retain the moisture to the very last drop. 

Bison, Garfield County, Oklahoma. 

[ 23 ] 


Chas. E. F. Gersdorff 

® Five or more years ago, acting upon suggestions made ver¬ 
bally and in our Bulletins that some breeder should undertake the 
development of smaller flowered medium height iris (bedding), 
free in bloom for use in front of taller varieties, or in other peren¬ 
nial borders, I began such a development. Through these years 
accumulations of selected seedlings which, it was believed, com¬ 
prised the salient points of excellence desired, such as heights 
of 24 to 34 inches, well but not long branched, opening their blooms 
not bunched, of fine form, drooping to horizontal falls, of very good 
to heavy substance, well balanced, nice coloring, weather resistance, 
free in bloom without too much coddling and bloom of a size in 
keeping with height and thickness of the stalk, were conserved. 
Others developed were of a more airy form very suggestive of the 
airiness seen in Siberians, on thin wiry stalks. 

When two years ago Mr. Thomas A. Williams, Nashville, ex¬ 
pressed delight in such as had come to his attention, arrange¬ 
ments were made with him to grow a great number in a display 
border in his well arranged garden. The best were to be selected 
for introduction. Because of danger that is ever present in dis¬ 
play gardens, through thievery, that would get these seedlings into 
commerce sub-rosa, all being named, all were registered. 

In May 3939 Mr. Williams and I selected the best to be intro¬ 
duced. When but a few days had elapsed both of us decided to list 
none. Why this sudden reversal? All because other accredited 
judges present could see no need for any of them, expressing the 
thought now that if things small are to be, they should be greatly 
improved varieties of the Williamson’s table iris type, as to form, 
substance and branching. This present want is entirely at variance 
with that expressed some years ago. 

Strange as it may seem, most that we selected for listing earlier, 
met with whole-hearted support of ordinary members of the so¬ 
ciety as distinguished from extraordinary (accredited judges) and 
by visiting Garden Club members, many of whom exclaimed- 
‘‘These are just what we want and have been looking for, not only 

f 24 ] 

because they fit in well with our border and perennial plantings 
because of freedom of bloom and other good qualities, having none 
of the bad features of the giants which all too often must be coddled 
and staked, but are useful for cutting for indoor decorative effects. 
Even some that were turned down by us were extolled. When I 
returned home I had about decided to throw out all of them. There 
awaited me a report on the behavior of some of them in the middle 
west, stating all were well liked by visitors for the reasons stated. 
I was in a quandary. Finally I decided on numerous discards, par¬ 
ticularly the many unbloomed seedlings of numerous crosses for 
this type, and such segregated varieties which were not as free in 
bloom as this type demands. 

Very few iris that fail to receive our judges’ acclaim get very 
far. This factor and the fact that none of these could command 
high introductory prices led me to the above final decision. The 
best will be sent to the midwest grower to select the ones for ulti¬ 
mate introduction. The elimination of a great number meant an 
early and long list of names to be released from registration. The 
releases will appear in the new Check List. 

May the one breeding for the better table iris have better fortune 
with them. As one friend stated it is a thankless job to try to 
please everyone— ’tis better to fix on an ideal of one’s own, and 
cleave to it, whether it pleases the other fellow or not. 

[ 25 ] 


Native Southern Beardless Iris in oblong silvery green pottery dish 
made by owner , Mrs. Edw. A. Belsterling, Dallas, Texas 

Iris hexagins in flat cream sandwich dish. 

Mrs. Edw. A. Belsterling , Dallas , Texas 

[ 27 ] 

McAnally Studio 

Modern arrangement, Shasta in white pottery howl. 
Mrs. George N. Aldredge, Dallas, Texas 

[ 28 ] 

McAnally Studio 

Modern arrangement Brown Pottery Bowl, the iris shading from 
Hyacinthus through Cameliard to Alta California. Mrs. George 

N. Aldredge, Dallas , Texas 

[ 29 ] 

Mass arrangement of Beardless iris. Native Beardless iris with 
ochroleuca aurea, Mrs. Tait, Cacique, vinicolor, Dorothea K. Wil¬ 
liamson. Bowl light green lined with cream. Made by owner, Mrs. 

Edw. A. Belsterling, Dallas, Texas 

[ 30 ] 



Nashville—the Iris City 

* The Iris is the “state” emblem of Tennessee and as May 7tli to 
loth was Iris Week I decided to start my Iris Tour in this southern 
state where the irises were certain to be in full bloom. 

I was not disappointed and apart from the many irises I saw in 
private gardens, I must have seen millions of them in roadside 
plantings, along the sides of boulevards, in the town around petrol 
filling stations, and also along the main highways right out in the 

It has to be seen to be believed. Surplus seedlings and surplus 
plants of any variety are distributed for roadside planting to those 
responsible for certain areas. 

10th May 

Breakfast 6.00 a.m. with Dr. and Mrs. Henry Lee Grant and Chas. 
Gersdorff, and then at 6.30 a.m. motored out to the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Jesse Wills about 6 miles out of Nashville. 

Here we found a collection of the very latest varieties beautifully 
grown, and planted in little beds around the lawn in front of the 
house, and with a background of, and in amongst, flowering shrubs 
and trees. 

Amongst those noted were Golden Light (Sass 1933), a very 
typical cinnamon and gold blend of the Euphony type; a bright, 
good garden iris. Missouri (Grinter)—disappointing, Blue Velvet 
(Loomis)—far too shy a bloomer. Persia (Ayres), very well 
grown. The colour is too indefinite and the flower lacks substance. 
(Seen much better further north.) 

xx Black Wings (Kirkland 1929), very good dark violet of 
large size and almost self colour. Not very tall (26") but of fair 
branch; flowers of pretty good substance. Probably as good a dark 
iris for gardening purposes as you could want; seen in very good 
form in the raiser’s garden. 

xx Song of Gold (Essig 1937), a clear yellow self of nice form 
with semi-flaring falls. The stems are well branched—36" high. 

[ 31 ] 

At Dawning (Kirkland 1935), an unusual blend—description 
later; x Yucatan (Kirkland), a rosy blend of considerable size and 
smoothness-—description later. 

xNaranja (Mitchell), a very good clump of this and undoubt¬ 
edly striking when seen in mass. My impression is that the colour 
is not so dark and the falls lack the depth of orange colouring 
which was evident in my own garden last year. 

Noweta (Sass 1932), rose and gold blend and nicely frilled. 
There are better ones of this type; Rose Quartz (T. Williams 
1936), another pink with golden sheen. Nice, but not outstanding; 
xx Violet Crown (Kirkland 1931), thought a great deal of by the 
Nashville growers—description later. 

Frieda Mohr (Mohr-Mitchell), in fine form; IIernani (Cayeux), 
a brown-red introduced some time ago and probably now surpassed; 
x Junaluska (Kirkland 1934), considered one of the Chancellor’s 
best, and runner up for the Dykes Medal 1938; Gudrun (Dykes), 
in good form. 

xxx Wabash (Williamson). Here is one of the finest irises ever 
raised, even better than Cantabile and easily the best amoena in 
commerce. Standards snow white, of perfect form. Falls deep 
violet with clear white edge. A larger flower than Cantabile and a 
more branching stem—36". 

xx Amigo (Williamson 1934), another really fine amoena; the 
standards are pale violet and the falls black purple with a clearly 
defined border of almost white. The flowers are not quite so large 
as in Wabash , but the stalk is fairly well branched—30". 

x Sunburst (Mitchell), a deep yellow, almost as dark as Naranja, 
good branching stems—the form of the flowers is quite good, but 
they look a bit soft. 

Spokan (Sass 1933), a red brown of good colour but poor form; 
Dauntless (Connell), an old favourite, in good form; Manciiu 
Prince (Washington 1937), a dull colour but quite a nice shaped 

xx Copper Crystal (Washington 1938). This is a brilliant cop¬ 
pery red, with no purple in it. Standards coppery bronze, falls 
bright red-brown (Brazil red perhaps better describes it). The 
form is only fair. 

Lily Pons (Washington 1934), see description later; xx Snow- 
king (Sass 1935), a fine pure white of nice form. 

Far West (Kleinsorge), a tan blend of good form, but the colour 
is too dull to be of any real garden value; x Jelloway (Parker 

[ 32 ] 

G. L. PilTcington 

Seedling beds, Standard varieties and display gardens at Mr. Pil- 

king ton’s home 

33 ] 

1936), a very smooth deep yellow slightly darker than Golden Bear. 
This is a self yellow and rather suggests a yellow Anne-Marie 
Cayeux in finish and shape of bloom. It has well branched stems 
3 feet high. The falls are of the hanging type. The general opin¬ 
ion seems to be that the flower lacks substance, though its appear¬ 
ance suggests exactly the reverse. 

Mr. Wills has only recently taken up irises and has advantage 
of starting with a really good collection of the newest varieties. 
His first crop of seedlings are grown in another part of the garden, 
and contained a few of definite promise, and we shall no doubt hear 
of him in future years. 


We next visited Chancellor Kirkland’s garden, which is situated 
in beautifully timbered grounds to the south of the city and about 
five miles out. From the house terrace one looks down onto a laid 
out garden sloping away downhill to the wooded background, and 
intersected with beds in which are planted most of his “listed’’ 
productions, and forming a display garden; beyond this we pass 
over a bridged stream into the field in which he grows his seedlings, 
and a large quantity of his older productions. 

This field is on a fairly steep slope and is flanked by woodland. 
It can well be imagined that under these conditions it is possible to 
see irises in both shade and sunlight and to the best advantage. 

Mrs. Kirkland has also a small iris garden of her own in which 
she has some of the favourites of her husband’s raising. 

I think the most striking thing about the Kirkland productions is 
the great number of coppery red seedlings he has recently raised. 

His Copper Lustre received the Dykes Medal for 1938 and is 
described elsewhere. 

This is far the largest flowered of them, but like all the rest is not 
of the perfect form looked for nowadays. I will attempt to describe 
the named ones of this group and to give an opinion on the merits 
of each. 

Aztec— Standards bright copper. Falls garnet red, striated gold 
at the haft, dull gold beard. Nicely branched—36". Flowers of 
medium size, rather narrow falls. 

Magnetawan —Rather similar to Aztec, but not quite so bright, 
and a bit weak in the stem. 

xx Conestoga —The standards are lighter copper, and the falls 
are wider than those of the above named varieties. A somewhat 
better form — 36". Raiser’s description — Standards golden tan, 

[ 34 ] 

falls brilliant red with copper tones; Orillia —another of the group 
and the least effective of them. 

xxx Sonny Boy. This is the best of the bunch, and can best be 
described as a brighter and larger King Midas. For description of 
Copper Lustre, see Mr. Fishburn’s garden. 

Now for some of the other named varieties which I noted of the 
Chancellor’s raising. 

xxx Rose Violet. This is a very fine thing, and at first sight 
suggests a rosy Pendragon. It has that perfect form and velvety 
texture and is a flower of above the average size. Standards violet 
and beautifully arched. Falls flaring, deep violet edged with paler 
colour. Fair branching—26". 

x Yucatan (1935), a blend of copper, rose and gold of great size, 
somewhat of Eldorado colouring. Falls are flaring but a bit nar¬ 
row. 36". 

x At Dawning (1935), a large flower of good form, but somewhat 
lacking in substance. Standards creamy pink, falls light violet 
with orange flush at the haft and gold beard. 30". Wants seeing 
in shade and not in full sun. 

Padishah (1937), a big yellow-—not unlike my Sahara, but not 
as good; xx Setting Sun —a very bright red (coppery red), almost 
a self. It is one of those tall shaped flowers with long pointed 
standards and hanging falls. Well branched and seems to have 
substance. 30". 

x Junaluska (1932), a blend of gold, rose and copper. Flowers 
of good size but lacking in substance. Well branched stems—36". 

xx Black Wings (1929), standards dark violet-blue, falls almost 
black. A large flower of good form and fair substance. Stems suffi¬ 
ciently branched—30". 

x Snow Cap —Large flowered white of very smooth appearance 
and good form. Somewhat “bunchy” owing to lack of sufficient 
branching. 30". A good garden iris. 

xx Morning Glory —This is one of the Chancellor’s older pro¬ 
ductions and one which immediately attracts attention wherever 
seen. It is “merely a purple bicolor” of beautiful finish, with a 
bright orange beard. Well branched stiff stems. 36". 

x Mary Elizabeth —Another of his old ones. Standards pale gold 
with pink sheen. Falls strawberry red. Not a particularly good 
form, but can be seen a mile off. AVell branched. 36". N.B. I was 
attracted to both these varieties in public and private plantings 

(having seen them previously in the Chancellor’s garden) and at 
once recognised them when close to. 

x White and Blue. This is an iris of fine form and good branch¬ 
ing habit and can be described as a densely peppered blue on white 
—almost a plicata. The flowers are large. Height 36". 

Amongst the seedlings flowering for the first time were several of 
remarkable brown colouring which, however, were not in typical 
form owing to a severe freeze, which had stunted the growth. It 
would not be fair, and would be misleading, to attempt to describe 
these. lie has also many yellows (who hasn’t?) of which he has 
given provisional names to three— 

Burnished Gold —the best of them. Deep golden yellow self 
with an orange beard; Golden Marvel — Deep yellow, slightly 
flushed olive at the haft; Yellow Wonder —a very floriferous deep 
yellow with a distinct olive flush. 

The flowers in each case are comparable with California Gold in 
size, and the stems are adequately branched and about 30" high. 

There were also further seedlings showing chocolate and bronze 
colouring to a marked degree, but it would be a hopeless task to 
attempt to describe these here. 

After leaving Chancellor Kirkland’s garden we went on to the 
garden of Mr. and Mrs. T. A. Washington, well known as the rais¬ 
ers of Mary Geddes. Here we found Mrs. Nesmith of Lowell, Mass., 
also Mrs. J. Edgar Hires. 

The Washington irises are planted in the garden behind their 
house in the town of Nashville, and Mr. Washington has also a field 
on his estate out in the country about 10 miles distant in which he 
has his seedling “patch.” 

Taking the irises at the house first, I noticed xx Peer Gynt 
(1934), a lavender plicata of considerable promise. 38". Well 
branched; xx Pied Piper (Stahlman 1937), a very attractive plicata 
which has distinct merit. Standards cream and powered cinnamon. 
Falls semi flaring, creamy white bordered cinnamon. Deep yellow 
beard. Well branched stems. 40". 

x Sunny South (1938), a deep yellow self with good branching 
habit, and of the size of California Gold. Flowers are of good sub¬ 
stance, but I rather doubt whether it is distinct enough from other 
varieties of recent introduction. 40" high. It has no Dykes blood 
in it. 

x Maya (1935)—This is an iris of warm and cheerful colouring. 
Standards red (strawberry), falls velvety and of same tone as 

[ 30 ] 

standards, overlaid copper and gold at the haft, beard bright 
orange. 36". 

x Lily Pons (1934)—Standards buff overlaid pink. Falls semi 
flaring but too narrow at haft. Dull rose with lighter edges, style 
arms buff and yellow. Well branched stalks. 36". Good form 
spoiled by falls. 

Sub-Deb (1937)—This is a clear blue violet, almost a “self/’ 
The flowers are of fair form and good substance but did not strike 
me as outstanding. 36". 

Jeb Stuart (1932)—A brown red. All right if the sun is shining 
through it, but otherwise rather rull. 

Mary Stuart (Stahlman 1936)—This is an apricot and rose 
blend of unusually tall stature, over 3 feet. 

In Mr. Washington’s seedling field I saw several promising new 
things, and also dozens of yellows and whites—some immense flow¬ 
ers, and blends of all sizes and types, and simply could not attempt 
to make notes on them. 

The next garden to be visited was that of Mr. Gedcles Douglas. 
His house and garden are situated well out in the country, and the 
garden is a comparatively small one, and is arranged in terraces on 
a sloping bank. The irises are growing on these terraces, divided 
by grass walks, and the first thing which I noticed was how very 
healthy and well grown they looked. 

Mr. Douglas has not been in the iris game very long but had a 
very nice crop of seedlings in flower, amongst which were several 
of very great promise. 

226A —A golden bluff blend of nice form, the flowers carried on 
tall (36"), well branching stems; xx-226D — A very nice thing. 
Standards pale gold with pinky flush, falls white with an olive yel¬ 
low band at haft. A good form and well branched stems. 42"; 
2-101-A —This is a tall primrose yellow with a white blaze on the 
falls. The falls are perhaps a bit too long—hanging. 

I noted also a very large yellow seedling of nice form. Standards 
clear primrose with white falls. Very well branched stalk. 4 feet. 
The flowers, in spite of their size, seemed to have good substance. 

Francesca (Doublas-G. 1934)—This is a telling iris, and is de¬ 
scribed as a “ deep Pompeian pink. ” It is very bright in the gar¬ 
den, is very floriferous and the 40" stems are very well branched. 
The form is, however, spoilt by the somewhat meagre falls. 

Varieties of other raisers noted were: 

xx Peer Gynt (Washington), very well grown (described else- 

where); x Soldano (Washington 1936), an exceedingly brilliant 
“red”; xx Pied Piper (Washington), described elsewhere. 

x Lucrezia Bori (Schreiner 1935)—A big yellow with ruffled 
standards and rather long falls of deeper tone than standards and 
with an olive flush. The falls are generally “flecked” somewhat. 
Nicely branched 42" stems. I don’t think we want this. 

x Anakim (Kleinsorge), a huge light violet bicolor with well 
branched stems, 4 feet. Rather lacking in substance; x Lily Pons 
(Washington), described elsewhere. 

xx Cathedral Dome (Nesmith 1936), a large “cold” white of 
good form—well domed standards and flaring falls. Beard yellow 
and large. Well branched 40" stems. 

xxx Stella Polaris (K. Smith), by far the finest white I have so 
far seen. A “cold” white like Purissima of the same perfect form, 
only larger in flower. Well branched 40" stems. An absolute 
‘ 1 stunner 7 7 ! 

Red Cross (Klein. 1939), can be roughly described as a pinker 
Mary Geddes —rather too much striation in the falls; x Creole 
Belle (Nicholls 1934), this is a distinct iris of deep Bishops vio¬ 
let with a deep brownish purple band half way up the falls to the 
haft. The standards are domed and the falls semi-flaring. Beard 
brownish orange. 36". 

xx Kalinga (Kleinsorge 1935)—This is a creamy white of excel¬ 
lent form and substance and carried on tall well branched stalks. 
An iris of great quality. 42". 

xx Jasmania (Ayres 1935)—This was very good. Very florifer- 
ous and showy. Another big yellow which occasionally ‘ 1 flecks 7 7 on 
the falls in spite of having no W. R. Dykes blood in it. 

The next call was at Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Williams 7 garden. 
Mr. Williams is president of the Nashville Iris Association and has 
a very large and delightful garden extending to eight acres which 
was designed and laid out by Mrs. Williams. Here is an immense 
collection of irises, and thousands of seedlings. The gardens are 
open to the public and as many as 1,700 people a day call to inspect 
the iris plantings, and when Mr. Williams 7 tulips are out they have 
had as many as 2,504 visitors in a single day. 

Mr. Williams also grows quantities of daffodils and these are 
planted round all the iris beds, to serve the dual purpose of pro¬ 
viding flowers before the irises come into bloom, and of keeping the 
moles out of the beds. (This is a tip for those of you who are 

[ 38 ] 

Mr. Pilkington 

bothered by moles in your gardens—moles will 

The garden is planted with dividing hedges 
and contains many fine forest trees, and one 
grass, i.e. there are no garden paths. 

Having been looking at irises since 7.00 a.m., 

not pass through 

and choice shrubs 
walks entirely on 

I must admit that 

[ 39 ] 

I was somewhat awed by the prospect of checking over this vast 
array of varieties. However, after a delightful lunch in the garden, 
I felt more equal to the task, and a second visit the next day was 
helpful in revising judgment on many of the things seen. 

x Waverly (T. Williams 1936)—A chicory blue self of great 
size, with flaring falls. A nice form. Well branched stems. 48". 
Rather lacking in substance. 

x Belmont (T. Williams 1938)—A medium blue self of nice 
form and distinct frilled standards. Fair branching. 28". 

La Feria (T. Williams 1937)-—French grey and lavender blend, 
large flowers of good form; falls flaring but rather narrow. Poor 
branching and a dull colour. 36". 

xx Sweet Alibi (White-C. G. 1935)—The effect is one of dull 

greeny white, with a suspicion of deeper colour at the heart. A 

beautiful round form. Fairly branched stems. 36". Seen at its 


best in shade. 

Imperial Blush (H. P. Sass 1933)—A large blush (so-called) 
pink. A flower with tall standards and hanging falls and paper¬ 
like substance. A nice bit of colour but nothing like good enough 
in form. 

x Tanglo (Grant)—A tan blend, well finished flower, carried 
on well branched 4 foot stems. Of little colour value in the garden, 

xx Golden Light (Sass 1933)—An improved Golden Flare. A 
ruffled flower of blended gold and deep rose. 30". Good for colour 

Spring Prom (D. Hall 1938)—An olive toned primrose self of 
large size and good form with flaring falls. The colour is inclined 
to be dull and the flowers lacking in substance. Well branched 
stems. 40". 

x Sunburst (Mit.)—This is as deep as Naranja but has not the 
substance. Well branched stems which are apt to twist. 

xxx Glen Ellen (Connell)—This is one of the most remarkable 
irises seen on my trip. A bronze-yellow blend of immense size and 
good substance and form. Standards ivory overlaid bronze, falls 
similar but with olive purple overlay. Deep gold shading at haft. 
Well branched stems. 40". 

x Violet Crown (Kirkland 1931)—A pale rosy violet self of 
large size and fair form. A telling iris in the mass. 40". 

x Jelloway (Parker 1936)—A very smooth and well finished 
yellow (lemon chrome) of nice form, carried on well branched 36" 

[ 40 ] 

stems. Has the “formal’’ appearance of Anne-Marie Cayeux 
which is against it. 

Creole Belle (Nicholls 1934)—Described in Mr. Geddes Dong- 
las’ garden. Not so good here; Smolder (Nicholls 1937)—Stand¬ 
ards deep violet, falls deep brown purple. Very little striation at 
haft, beard dull orange. A tall shaped flower of dour appearance, 
and well named. Late bloomer. 

x At Dawning (Kirkland 1935)—Good. Already described; 
Anakim (Ivleinsorge)—A large pale blue of good form but veined 
too heavily at haft, and lacking in substance; x Gleam (Nicholls) — 
This old variety is certainly a splendid landscape iris. The finish is 
very clean and the colour (pale blue self) most telling. 

Quadroon (T. Williams 1937)—A light tan and brownish red 
bicolor—but lacks substance. Well branched stems. 36". 

Traumerei (T. Williams 1938)—Lavender blue bicolor—large 
flowers with flaring falls, stems with no branching. 

x Golden Dusk (Mrs. T. Williams 1939)—A glowing fawn and 
pink blend of good garden value; Far West (Kleinsorge 1936) — 
Another gold and tan blend with a bluish cast on the falls. Nice 
form and well branched, but too dull. 36". 

Dymia (Shuber 1936)—A deep purple self; Winneshiek (Egle- 
berg 1931)—Adeep violet self of quite nice form, 30"; x Lucrezia 
Bori (Schreiner 1935)—A large flowered yellow. Standards deep 
primrose, falls darker with olive halo at haft. Broad and hanging. 
A showy iris. 

xx Gloriole (Gage 1933)—A light blue self overlaid white, with 
white halo at haft. A good form. Flowers carried on well branched 
36" stems. 

x Jasmania (Ayres 1935)—A large yellow, which for size and 
freedom of bloom is hard to beat out here. Well branched stems. 
40". Flowers of clearer colouring than Lucrezia Bori, and with 
semi flaring falls. 

Blazing Star (Nicholls)—A yellow, not as good as many others; 
Trail’s End (Williamson 1934)—A yellow and pink blend, not 
wanted; xx Amigo (Williamson 1934)—A grand iris. Described 
elsewhere; Black Warrior (Nicholls)—A very dark blue purple. 
No good. 

Mozambique (Mead 1934)—A red purple bicolor—not wanted; 
Coralie (Ayres 1932)-—Dykes Medal 1933. A wonderful break of 
colour seven years ago. The colour has still to be beaten but the 
form leaves much to be desired. 

[ 41 ] 

Bruniiilde (Salbach 1934) —This is a flower of nice form and of 
deep bluish violet colour, but the stem is not branched and the 
flowers are crowded in consequence. 30". 

x Pink Satin (Sass)—This iris as grown in this district is cer¬ 
tainly worth a place in the garden. 

x Posy Wings (Gage 1935) —Standards domed, of dull rose col¬ 
our, edged copper. Falls semi flaring, darker rose with copper 
edge. A showy iris and one much thought of over here. Nice 
branching, 36" to 40". I was not greatly impressed and fear it 
lacks substance. 

II ermene (Parker)—An iris of similar colouring to Romance; 
xx Bronzed Nymph (Parker)—A very striking golden bronze blend 
of the Euphony type, but richer than most, and overlaid pink. 
Orange beard. Fair branching, 24"; Beige (Parker)—Another tan 
blend. Too like Byzantium (Ayres) and not as good. 

Crown Jewel (Nicholls)—An improvement on Clara Noyes — 
an orange and pink blend. 36". Fair branching; Aurex (Nich¬ 
olls)—A large variegata of no particular merit. 

Tokay (Nicholls)— A pink and yellow blend. Good in mass; 
xxx Kalinga (Ivleinsorge 1935) — See previous description; 
xxx Claribel (Sass-J. 1936) ; xxx Maid of Astolat (Sass-TI. 1933) 
—Descriptions later. 

War Eagle (J. Sass 1933)—A large somewhat coarse deep red. 
42"; x Eleanor Blue (Salbach 1933)—A campanula blue of nice 
form—good branching habit. 36"; Theodolinda (Ayres 1932)—A 
large plicata, which seemed rather floppy in comparison with newer 

Midgard (Sass)—This old variety does extremely well over here, 
and is a fine “landscape” iris. 

Blue Triumph (Grinter 1934)—A nice light blue of good form 
and texture, but I like Gloriole , which is lighter in colour, better. 

I cannot attempt to describe Mr. Williams’ seedlings in any de¬ 
tail, and simply picked out a few which appealed to me, and of 
which I append my notes. He has a great crop of pink and gold 
blends, mostly derived from the same source, and is anxious to find 
the way to the real pink iris. He also has some very large varie- 
gatas, one of which I noticed was 54" tall with well branched stems 
(not staked!) and bearing typical variegata blooms of quite good 
form and substance. 

Another interesting line of research which Mr. Williams is fol- 

r 42 ] 

Mr. Gersdorff, Mrs. Hires, Mr. Pilkington, Dr. W. H. Cook 

lowing is that of the introduction of “red” beards. He already has 
several seedlings with orange vermilion beards, one of these being 
a plicata, and very well it looks. 

Mr. Clarence P. Connell’s garden 

I visited this garden the same evening. Mr. Connell’s country 
cottage is situated about 12 miles out of Nashville on a spur of the 
Dauntless hills, and has been laid out by Mr. Connell himself in a 
clearing in the woods. The garden is of fair size and the irises are 
grown in a perfect setting among shrubs planted alongside winding 
grass paths with a constant background of forest trees. The views 
from the garden and house over the distant hills are magnificent. 

I noted the following: Twilight Blue (Kirk.)—A very smooth 
pale lavender of fine form. Flowers carried on fairly well branched 
stems. 36". 

x Treasure Island (Ivleinsorge 1937)—A yellow of olive 
(creamy) tone with a white blaze on the falls, bright yellow shading 
at haft. Orange beard. Nice branching, 36". 

[ 43 ] 

Angelus (Egleberg 1937)—A lilac pink blend, deeper coloured 
falls. A flower of fine form. Poor branching and somewhat crowded; 
Lucrezia Bori (Schreiner 1935)—A very large yellow—the falls 
are too narrow; x Picador (Morrison 1930)—An old variegata, but 
very showy when well grown. 36". 

x Dogrose (Insole 1930)—This is one of the best pinks in the 
States, and seems good everywhere. 42"; x Parthenon (Connell 
1934)—A large white with a cream flush at the haft. 3% feet. 

Blithesome (Connell 1933)—A cream with a gold suffusion on 
the falls. Flowers of nice round form. Stems well branched. 36" ; 
x Beau Sabreur (Williamson)—A very bright variegata of good 
finish and texture. 

xx Picotee (Connell)—A plicata with heavy blue pencilling and 
dotting and very showy. Fair branching. 36". 

Mr. Connell had many other varieties growing in his garden 
which I had seen earlier in the day, and had not time to take fur¬ 
ther notes on. I noticed several promising seedlings also, and 
amongst them a very good rose blend of fine substance and good 
branching habit, and a deep orange yellow self of fine substance, 
with a pronounced orange beard. We may hear something of these 
in future years. 

With these notes I concluded my visit to Nashville, and with 
many regrets, took ’plane to Washington, a 600 mile “hop” which 
we accomplished in 3% hours. 


The iris season at Washington had only just begun and I did not. 
therefore, expect to see many irises, and in addition I struck a very 
wet day. However, Mr. B. Y. Morrison kindly called for me at 
10.00 a.m. and accompanied by Mr. Watkins (Secy. A.I.S.) we 
called on Mr. Parker, the raiser of Jelloway. 

Mr. Parker has quite a small garden at the rear of his house, and 
here we saw quite a lot of irises in full bloom— Jelloway , of course, 
also Bronzed Nymph (Golden Sunset X Euphony) which I had 
reported in Mr. Williams’ garden at Nashville, and also his variety 
Beige. All were very well grown. 

He had several interesting seedlings, notably one No. x2711 — 
Opaline X Dolly Madison — standards cream flushed pink, falls 
pink with a distinct yellow halo at the haft. Beard gold. A good 
form, with substance, and well branched 36" stems. Another sister 

f 44 ] 

seedling, of Dolly Madison colouring and form, but a good deal 
brighter and pinker. 

He had a patch of Purissima X Jelloway seedlings which includ¬ 
ed many tall well branched yellows, but they were very much like 
the large yellows one sees in every garden nowadays. I did notice a 
tall primrose (50") with hanging falls among them, also No. 257 
with rosy heliotrope standards and falls of the same colour paling 
towards centre and with an olive halo at the haft. 

The flowers were of good form and substance and the stems well 
branched and 42" tall. 

After leaving Mr. Parker's we went on to see the garden of Mr. 
W. T. Simmonds, who was unfortunately not at home when we 
called. His irises were not quite at the peak of blooming but he 
had a good show of very well grown varieties such as Happy Days 
(Mitchell 1934). This was a sight, covered with flower spikes. 

Los Angeles, Easter Morn, Purissima, Verms de Milo, San Diego 
—all these Californians seem to thrive in this neighbourhood; Dolly 
Madison -—so well grown and large in the flower that I failed to rec¬ 
ognise it. 

After leaving Mr. Simmonds, we visited the garden of Mr. Cul¬ 
pepper, where we found the irises only just beginning to bloom. 

Amongst them I noticed a white seedling Purissima X Sophronia, 
which is large and of nice form, with branching stems, but prob¬ 
ably not as good as other new large whites, seen elsewhere. Thais 
and Solferino (Cayeux), both very well grown and full of bloom. 
Lady Paramount (White-C. G. 1933). This struck me as being 
rather pale in colour. He had a patch of Gudrun X Los Angeles 
seedlings which were mostly large whites which lacked substance, 
and a large number of seedlings yet to flower, and seemed to be 
going in for raising them on an extensive scale. 

We paid a call on Mr. J. Marion Shull but he was away from 
home, and his irises were still only in bud. 

The next day (Sunday) as I had not to go on to Roanoke, Vir¬ 
ginia, till the evening, Mr. Morrison very kindly took me sight¬ 
seeing, including visits to Mount Vernon, Arlington. We also vis¬ 
ited the new arboretum which is being laid out outside the city, and 
the principal parts of the city of Washington itself. This was well 
worth while, and in fact many days could be spent in seeing this 
magnificently laid out city. 

[ 45 ] 


The object of my visit to Roanoke was to see the garden and col¬ 
lection of irises of Mr. Junius P. Fishburn, who has about the most 
up to date collection it would be possible to find. 

His garden and house are situated on a spur of the mountains 
overlooking the town of Roanoke, and with splendid views of the 
Blue Ridge Mountains all around in the distance. The garden is 
beautifully laid out in a series of terraces connected by devious and 
winding walks, which create a succession of new features and ideal 
locations for Iris plantings. 

I don’t know how many varieties of irises Mr. Fishburn grows, 
but they must run into nearly a thousand, which means that many 
of the older varieties are still being grown. He does not raise any 
seedlings, but has all the latest and best things, many under num¬ 
ber, from the leading raisers in the States, and makes a lengthy 
tour annually visiting the various growers and making reports on 
all he sees. 

He has an extraordinary memory, and is a perfect encyclopedia 
of data as to raiser’s name, date of introduction, parentage, indi¬ 
vidual ratings, and so on. I was lucky in being able to spend the 
best part of two days in Mr. Fishburn’s garden and feel that this 
was probably the most worth while visit of my whole trip on account 
of the number of new varieties which could be seen and compared. 

Let me take “yellows” first, xxx Fair Elaine (Mitchell) (Happy 
Days X California Gold )—This I reckon to be the finest yellow I 
have yet seen—because it is approaching bicolor—i.e. it contains a 
lot of white in its make-up. The standards are palest primrose, 
approaching white, falls golden yellow, paling at the base, and the 
beard bright orange. The form is very good and the stems are well 
branched. 36". It is an iris which stands out from afar, and is in 
my opinion of greater value as a garden iris than the self yellows, 
however good their colour may be. The bicolor feature is one of 
great value and I can imagine the inverted (or reversed) bicolor be¬ 
ing of greater value still, i.e. yellow standards, white falls. 

xx Snowqualmie (Brehm). Standards primrose, Falls same 
colour with deeper shading from the haft down the edges. Very 
good form and nicely branched stems. Height 30". This is like 
Sweet Alibi but not so green in tone. 

x Golden Bear (Mitchell). This is a very smooth well finished 

[ 46 ] 

self yellow of somewhat greenish tone with slight veining at haft. 
30" to 36". 

xxx Golden Majesty (Salbach). An orange yellow self with 
deep beard. It has slight brown veining at haft, is of nice form 
and has well branched stems 30" high. This is deeper in colour than 
Golden Hind , and is the deepest yellow I have yet seen. 

Triptych (Wareham). This is a large smooth deep primrose 
self of quite nice form. The branching is not as good as it might 
be and I doubt whether it is as good as some already in commerce. 
(Note by Gersdorff—1 year plant.) 

xx California Gold (Mitchell 1933). This iris was fine here, as 
everywhere I saw it. Deep golden yellow self. 36". 

Carolina Moon {El Capitan X W. R. Dykes) (Hanes). I 
did not think much of this and noted it as a large flowered yellow 
lacking in substance. 

x Sunburst (Mitchell). This is a distinctly “brassy” yellow, an 
Alta California seedling; it has well branched stems which seemed 
to be inclined to twist. 36". 

xx Golden Treasure (Schreiner 1936). Not as good as Fair 
Elaine which it resembles in having two distinct tones of yellow 
in its make-up. Standards palest primrose, Falls same colour with 
deep gold flush on the falls which pale to the edges. The beard is 
orange and the stems nicely branched. 36". (Gersdorff—not a 
bicolor as Fair Elaine.) 

(N.B. The falls of Fair Elaine are broader at the haft.) 

x Song of Gold (Essig 1937). A yellow of very clear colour. 
Flowers carried on well branched stems 36" high. I was not much 
impressed with this in this garden, though I gave it two xx at 

Treasure Island (Kleinsorge 1937). A yellow of olive tone with 
a whitish blaze on the falls. Branching moderate. Beard deep 
orange. 36". 

Chosen (White-C. G. 1937), described as a taller, deeper, and 
larger Lady Paramount . This is a typical large, rather olivv yellow 
with hanging falls, of which there are already so many, viz. Literezia 
Bori, Happy Days , Jasmania, Lady Paramount , and there really 
cannot be room for anv more! 

Sundust (Williamson 1936). I was not impressed with this; 
xx Jasmania (Ayres 1935). Very good of its type, and seems to 
do well in most gardens over here. It is known to “fleck” occa- 

[ 47 ] 

China Clipper (Washington 1938). I did not see this flowering 
on an established plant, but what I saw did not impress me. It 
seemed to be “just another big yellow.” 

x Lucrezia Bori (Schreiner 1935). (Already described in my 
Nashville notes) ; x Jelloway (Parker). (Already described in my 
Nashville notes.) 

x Naranja (Mitchell 1935). (Described in my Nashville notes) ; 
Padishah (Kirkland 1937) (Described in my Nashville notes. Just 
another big yellow!) ; Spring Prom (D. Hall 1938). Already de¬ 
scribed—Mr. Williams’ garden at Nashville. It is a pity this has 
not a better colour and more substance, as it is of nice form and has 
well branched stalks. 

AVelcome (Reibold)—A greeny primrose. Not as good as Sweet 
Alibi; 35-57 (Sass-J.)—A large rather coarse primrose of good 
form but lacking in substance. 36". AVell branched stems; 86-33 
(Sass-IJ.)—Standards pale primrose, falls white with olive yellow 
flush at haft, hanging. Well branched. 36" stems. (AVe don’t want 
it) ; 37-29 (Sass-J.)—A fine yellow of good finish, but lacking in 

xx Sweet Alibi (AA 7 hite-C. G.)—This is not really a yellow but 
rather a dull cream. An iris of beautiful round form and good 
wherever seen. 

AVhite Irises 

xxx Mount AVashington (Essig 1937)—This is a really fine 
white and as grown in Mr. Fisliburn’s garden carried flower stalks 
at least 48". It is a “cold” white of large size and very good form 
with a white, tipped yellow, beard. 

x Mount Cloud (Milliken 1937)—A tall well branched “cold” 
white with semi flaring falls which have slight brown veinings at 
the haft. Nice form. 40". 

Silent Waterfall (Essig 1936)—A very large white of good 
form but lacking in branching. Standards blue-white, falls creamy- 
white, flaring. 36". 

xx Bridal A t eil (Mitchell 1936)—A very pure smooth white of 
beautiful texture. Standards and falls warm white, the falls have 
slight yellow shading at the haft only. Beard white, tipped yellow, 
style arms white bordered yellow. AVell branched stems. 36". 

Sitka (Essig 1932)—An old one, good in its time, but now sur¬ 
passed by later introductions; AVambliska (Sass)—A cold white of 

f 48 ] 

medium size. Standards white with a distinct violet flush at the 
base. Falls semi flaring with olive veining at haft. 36". 

Crystal Beauty (Sass-J. 1935)—A large cold white with a 
bright yellow beard. The stems are rather weak. 48"; x Snow 
Belle (McKee 1938)—A large, slightly ruffled, warm white, with 
broad flaring falls. There is faint lemon veining at the haft and 
pale yellow beard. Well branched 36" stems. 

38-42 (D. Hall)—This white was not in representative form, but 
had warm white standards with flaring falls of white with olive 
overlay, and olive veining at the haft, 


xx Royal Coach (Sass-H. 1934)—This is one of the newest of 
his yellow plicatas, raised in 1934 but not named till this year. The 
standards are chamois overlaid pink with faint cinnamon dotting. 
Falls pale yellow, veined cinnamon at the edge and deepening at 
the haft with a whitish blaze in the centre. The beard is orange 
and the style arms orange flushed purple brown. 24". 

xxx Orloff (Sass-H. 1938)—Another yellow plicata. Standards 
deep yellow, heavily flushed and peppered red brown. Falls similar 
with white blaze. Beard deep yellow, style arms yellow, flushed cin¬ 
namon; well branched. 30" steins. 

44-36 (Sass-H.)—Standards cream dotted purple brown, deep¬ 
ening towards edges. Falls stippled purple brown with primrose 
central blaze. A purple brown plicata but seen on a plant which 
was not established. 24" high. 

32-36 (Sass-H.)—Another purple brown plicata of considerable 
promise, but not seen on an established plant; Nassak (Sass-H. P.) 

■—A fine large blue plicata with weak stems and only moderate form. 

xx Spring Cloud (Tory 1935)—A Californian raised plicata 
which is reported hardy by Mr. Fisliburn. Standards white, heav¬ 
ily dotted and edged lavender blue. Falls white edged same colour. 
A nice form carried on well branched 42" stems. 

xxx Maid of Astolat (Sass-J. 1936)—Standards white, falls 
hanging white with violet pencilling at the haft. Well branched 
stems 36". Very fine. 

xxx Claribel (Sass)—Standards white frilled blue at edges only, 
falls hanging—white with blue pencilling at the haft. Well branched 
40" stems. The previous two irises mentioned have flowers the size 
of Los Angeles. 

xx 72-34 (Sass-H.)—A large violet plicata ; x Electra (Sass-J. 

r 49 1 

1935)—Standards white dotted and veined rosy lilac. Falls—edges 
veined same colour, beard dull gold. Branching only fair, inclined 
to crowding in consequence. Large flowers on 36" stems. 

Wasatch (Thorup 1935)—This is an enormous plicata and in¬ 
variably seems crowded; x True Delight (Sturtevant)—This old 
rosy heliotrope plicata was in splendid form. 


Tanglo (Grant)—A tan blend as its name suggests; a very strong 
grower and floriferous. Well branched stems. Colour is too dirty; 
Calcutta (Kleinsorge 1938)—A smoky tan and lilac blend—too 
dull. 40". 

xx Dubrovnik (Williamson 1938)—A deep rose and gold blend 
with a violet flush in the centre of the falls, and gold suffusion at 
the haft. Deep orange beard. Nicely branched stems. 36". Very 

xx French Maid (Grant)—Standards buff with a pink sheen. 
Falls rose with helio flush and a dull gold flush at the haft. Large, 
semi flaring. Fair branching. The plant seen was not established 
but this seems a promising novelty. 

Beotie (Cayeux)—This iris is seen in many gardens and seems 
to do very well everywhere. It is, however, far too dull a blend to 
be of any garden value except in the sunniest of climates. 

Brown-grey Blend (Weed) —A smoky lavender blend of nice 
form, but of little garden value; xxx Moonglo (Williamson 1935) 
-This is a really fine golden yellow blend with flowers of good 
form and substance. Standards old gold with light violet flush. 
Falls of similar colour with a heliotrope blaze in centre. Beard 
light orange. Well branched 36" stems. 

x Rosy Wings (Gage 1935)—Standards deep pink with coppery 
shading at edges. Falls semi flaring, deep rose bordered copper; 
flowers carried on well branched 40" stems, but rather lack sub¬ 

x Copper Lustre (Kirkland 1934) (Dykes Medal Iris 1938) — 
This is undoubtedly a striking colour break, and may be described 
as a copper and gold blend. The flowers are of great size but of 
poor form. When seen in sunlight, however, the colour effect of this 
iris is most marked, and it was on this account that the judges de¬ 
cided to award it the Dykes Medal, in preference to Junaluska (the 
runner up) from the same garden. 

xx Junaluska (Kirkland 1934)—This in my opinion is Dr. Kirk- 

r 50 ] 

G. L. Pilkington 

Three views in Mr. Fishburn’s garden, Roanoke, Virginia 

[ 51 ] 

land’s best iris of the coppery red series. It can briefly be de¬ 
scribed as a blend of rose gold and copper, and is most telling in the 
garden. The form of flower, however, is not very good, but flowers 
are carried on well branched 40" stems. 

xxx China Maid (Milliken 1936)—This is a pink and heliotrope 
blend of large size and beautiful finish. Standards pinky helio, 
falls deeper and bluer with a brown flush at the haft. Beard pale 
yellow. Well branched 48" stems. 

Timagami (Kirkland)—A coppery red blend, deeper than Mag¬ 
net awan -—bright but rather poor form; xx At Dawning (Kirk¬ 
land 1935)—This must be classed a “Blend” and was noted in this 
garden in partial shade, when it has definite colour value. 

xx Fiesta (White-C. G. 1936)—A light copper blend. Standards 
honey yellow, flushed golden brown, falls broad and round with an 
undertone of cinnamon with a central blaze of mauve. Beard deep 
orange. This is showy, but the branching of the stems is rather 

China Lantern (Essig 1933)—A nice form and stems very well 
branched. Flowers a bit dull for England. 40". Standards old 
gold, falls reddish violet. 

xxx Midwest Gem (Sass)—This is a superb iris and apparently 
a very vigorous grower. The flowers are very large and of rounded 
form with slightly crinkled edges, but the stem is little branched. It 
is a soft yellow and pink blend. Standards pale yellow with pink 
flush, falls light violet with a heavy gold flush beginning at the haft 
and paling towards the tip of the falls. Beard deep yellow. 36". 

x Ozone (Sass-J. 1935)—This is a blue grey blend with pinkish 
sheen and with a red-brown flush at the haft, AVell branched stems. 
36"; Michelangelo (Weed)—A smoky lavender blend. Flowers 
carried on well branched 36", rather weak, stems. 

x Summer Tan (Kirkland 1934)—A blend of golden tan (S) and 
bronze pink (F). A distinct iris—flowers carried on moderately 
branched 30" stems. 

xx Rhapsody (Williamson 1937)—This is an iris of beautiful vel¬ 
vety substance and very good form; the raiser describes it as “a 
symphony in violet purple and brown.” Standards rosy violet, 
falls deep rosy violet with red flush at haft, beard dull orange, 
nicely branched 30" stems. A late bloomer. 

Chloris (Knorr)—A pallida type, pink and yellow blend with 
typical hanging, somewhat tucked, falls. Tall thin stems of mod¬ 
erate branch. 30". 

[ 52 ] 

Monal (Williamson 1936)—A blend of brown, golden buff and 
violet, overlaid gold. Large flowers of heavy substance and well 
rounded form. 40" stems. This is too dull in colour. 

xx Sandia (Williamson 1934)—This was good everywhere I saw 
it, and must be one of the best and pinkest pink blends in commerce; 
Amenti (Sass-II. 1936)—Grey and mauve blend—falls “tuck.” I 
did not like it. 


x Hartford (Salbach)—A very showy strawberry red with hang¬ 
ing falls, very much like E. B. Williamson in colour. The stems 
seemed to have little branching, but the plant seen was not an 
established one. 

x Wildfire (Nicholls 1938)—This is a very bright red and one of 
the most telling reds I saw. Medium sized flowers carried on well 
branched stems. 24". 

x Rebellion (Ivleinsorge 1937)—A very finished flower of nice 
form and telling colour (blood red) and considerable substance. 
Fair branching. 24". 

Elkhart (Lapham)—A red of indifferent form; x Spokan 
(Sass-J. 1933)—Standards light coppery brown. Falls blood red 
with deep purple-brown overlay. The falls are hanging, and the 
stems are poorly branched. 36". A brighter and larger King Tut. 

xx Christabel (Lapham 1936)—-A striking red of good finish. 
Standards wine red, falls light red, suffused yellow and overlaid 
blackish purple. The falls are round and hanging. Bright orange 
beard. Good branching stems. 40". 

xxx The Red Douglas (Sass-J. 1937)—A wine red self of great 
size and substance. Has too much purple in it to be really “red.” 
Rather high branched stems 36" to 42". It has tall standards and 
semi-flaring falls, and is one of the best irises I saAV. 

x Piute (Thom. 1937)—A deep bronze red self, which shows par¬ 
ticularly “red” with the sun through it. Dull gold beard. Well 
branched stems. 36". 

Marco Polo (Schreiner 1936)—A well finished flower Avith rose 
red standards and deep crimson falls, with little haft variation. 
36" stalks of fair branching. 

xx E. B. Williamson (Cook 1937)— A coppery red, almost a self. 
The floAvers are of nice form with rounded falls. It has Avell 
branched 36" stems. It struck me as being a brighter and redder 
Dauntless, but I doubt if the floAvers haA r e enough substance. 

[ 53 ] 

Ethel Peckiiam (Williamson 1932)—Large flowers of poor form 
and lacking in branching, giving a crowded effect; x Jerry (Lap- 
ham 1934)—A small bright ruby red of nice form, with velvety 
falls. 24". (Note by Gersdorff—this must have been poorly grown). 

35-1 (Sass-J.)—A most telling red of crimson tone which will 
probably never be named. Very well branched and floriferous. The 
standards are inclined to be open. 

Blues (So-Called) 

xx Blue Spire (Milliken 1938) — This is a powder blue self of 
great size and good form with flaring falls. Somewhat top branched. 

x Great Lakes (Cousins 1938)—Another large flowered blue of 
Aline colour, with a white flush at the haft. Flowers of good form, 
carried on well branched 42" stems. 

Blue Dusk (Reibold 1936)—A blue bicolor of medium tone and 
good colour value. 36" ; x Exclusive (Grant 1937) — A greyer blue 
than Aline. A floiver of considerable finish and size. Beard white, 
tipped orange. Nicely branched 40" stems; xx Belmont (T. Wil¬ 
liams 1938)—A medium blue of good form. (Already described in 
the raiser’s garden.) 

Osceola (Wiesner 1937) — A blue of Loetitia Michaud colouring, 
but of crepy crinkly texture, with much veining on falls. 36"; 
Brunitilde (Salbach 1934)—A deep blue violet self which, if it 
were not so overcrowded, might become famous. As it is, it “misses 
the boat.” 30". 

xx Eleanor Blue (Salbach 1933)—A very nice light blue of 
good form and branching habit. The falls are slightly darker than 
the standards; x Anitra (Sass-H. 1936)—A large flowered powder 
blue self with flaring falls and nice branching 36" stems. 

xx Sierra Blue (Essig 1932)—Good everywhere and certainly 
one of the best American introductions. As a medium blue it is 
very bright in colour, and though the form is good, I feel that the 
falls could be improved—they are a bit narrow at the haft. Dykes 
Medal winner 1935. 

x Television Bllte (Shuber)—This is a medium blue of great 
clarity of colour with horizontal falls and fair branching, but the 
falls are too narrow; x Narain (Shuber 1936) — A medium blue self 
with broad flaring falls of nice finish, and fair branch. 36"; x Am- 
neris (Millet). 

xxx Pale Moonlight (Essig 1931)—This is really magnificent as 

G. L. Pilkington 

Three views in Mr. Fishburn’s garden, Roanoke, Virginia 

[ 55 ] 

grown in the States. A flower of superb glistening finish, stems 
nicely branched. 42". The best of the Essig blues. 

x Blue Monarch (Sass-J. 1933)—A light blue of nice form. 
Stems well branched. 30"; Blue Triumph (Grinter 1934)—A 
light blue of smooth texture and nice form, but the stems have 
little branching. 30"; Missouri (Grinter 1933)—A medium blue of 
good finish and clear colour. The standards are apt to be rather 
open. The falls are a deeper tone. Stems well branched. 36". 
(Dykes Medal Winner 1937.) 

Violets and Purples 

Harlem (Salbach)—A large dull wine purple bicolor. Well 
branched 40" stems; x Sable (Cook 1938)—A very dark blue-violet, 
almost a self, with a blue beard. The form is not ideal but it is 
better than many, and the flower spike seen was not on an estab¬ 
lished plant. Stems are well branched. Runner up for the Rome 
Gold Medal 1938. 

xx Destiny (Burgess-N. Z.)—Very fine. It is a pity the stand¬ 
ards are so open. The falls have fine velvety texture and the stems 
are nicely branched. 30"; Bonsor (Con.)—A large purple bicolor 
with flaring falls and brown flush at the haft. Stems short branched. 

xx Violet Crown (Kirkland 1931)—Very good here, as in most 
gardens. (Already described.); x Blue Peter (White-C. G. 1936) 
—Very similar to Destiny in colouring, and has the same “open” 
standards. Well branched 36" stems. 

Dark Knight (Salbach 1934)—Close in colour to Directeur 
Pinelle —a sort of maroon purple. Poorly branched stems. A late 
bloomer. 40"; x Winneshiek (Egleberg 1931)—A deep violet self 
of very good garden value. Large flowers. Nice branching. 36"; 
xx Valor (Nicholls 1932)—This is an old one, and not sufficiently 
appreciated. A blue-purple bicolor of splendid form and substance 
and superb ffinish. 42". 

x The Bishop (Washington 1937)—A purple form of Brunhilde 
but lacks the form and substance. Showy in mass; Lilamani (Sass- 
J. 1938)—Described as a blue black. It is almost a self—the falls 
being somewhat darker than the standards. I did not like the form 
and the branching is poor. 

xx Incognito (White-C. G. 1938)—A deep red purple of nice 
form with a brown flush at the haft. The falls are round but hang¬ 
ing. Beard dull orange. Well branched 36" stems. 

x Indian Hills (Grant 1937)—This is a very rich purple self of 
size, carried on well branched stems 36" tall. A most telling iris in 
the garden. 


This proved to be a most disappointing section, and there seems 
to be little progress being made in obtaining real ‘ ‘ pinks, ’ ’ or pinks 
of good form. All the so-called pinks are pallida derivatives and 
display the shocking characteristics of this race in form and branch 
of stem. It is the general opinion amongst all the American hy- 
bridisers whom I met that the ideal pink will not be obtained 
through the pallidas, and I agree with them that it is more likely to 
be derived from the 4 ‘ blends. ’ ’ 

Morocco Rose (Loomis 1937)—This was a disappointment. It is 
not a rose pink but a lilac pink bicolor with a lot of brown veining 
at the haft. The beard is orange. Well branched stems. 26". 

xx Eros (Mead 1934)—This salmon pink was splendid in every 
garden, and is of undoubted value in spite of its inferior form. 36". 

x Eloise Lapham (Lapham)—A very pale pink. Standards 
white, flushed pink, falls rounded in form and of deeper tone than 
standards. Well branched 26" stems. 

x Edgewood (Hall)—A darker Frieda Mohr of large size and 
flaring falls. Well branched stems—48". 

xx Ethelwyn Dubuar (Lapham 1933)—This is the best pink I 
saw. A large ruffled flower with hanging falls and rather open 
standards. Better branching than usual. 36"; Imperial Blush 
(Sass-H. 1932)—A large flowered “blush” light violet. Too pale. 
Long hanging falls and large ruffled standards. 36". 

x China Rose (Salbach 1934)—A bright orchid pink borne on 
typical top-branched pallida stems. Showy. 30"; Pink Opal (Sass 
1934)—Much like its sister seedling Pink Satin, but if anything 
better. Very free flowering. 42". 


Cadetou (Cayeux 1935)—This variegata is too dull in colour; 
x Gaucho (Williamson 1935)—A bright variegata of nice form 
and size. Standards Empire yellow, falls Vandyke red with a nar¬ 
row margin of Empire yellow. Fair branching. 32". 

TIapsburg (Salbach)—Standards Empire yellow, falls similar 
colour but overlaid and veined chestnut. Large flowers of fair form. 
Well branched 36" stems; Lodestar (Hall)—A small very bright 

[ 57 ] 

variegata; xx Beau Sabreur (Williamson)—This is a really neat 
little variegata of velvety texture and very bright appearance. 
Nicely branched 24" stems; El Tovar (Sass-H. 1933)—An old one 
and really a variegata blend. A good variety in mass. Poor form 
and stems are top branched. 


An overnight journey from Roanoke brought me to Louisville, 
where I had planned to spend the day with Dr. and Mrs. Henry Lee 
Grant. Arriving at about 10:00 a.m., I found Dr. Grant in the 
midst of his iris field in blazing sunshine which persisted through¬ 
out the day, and necessitated fairly frequent calls for iced drinks 
and the shade of adjacent trees, with which Dr. Grant’s estate is 
well furnished. 

The irises were not all in bloom, but there were quite enough to 
keep me busy till my departure at 4 :30 p.m. I took notes of the 
following: Happy Days (Mitchell 1934)—This was growing like a 
weed and was a blaze of yellow. Too big and floppy, of course, but 
what a show!; Rose Quartz (T. Williams 1936)—A pink and gold 
blend of which we have already so many. No particular merit. 

Stonewall Jackson (Washington 1934)—Standards, chamois, 
falls rich brown-red. A poor form. Well branched 30 stems; x Cop¬ 
per Lustre (Kirkland 1934)—Well grown here. Described else¬ 
where; x Fiesta (White-C. G. 1936)—A gold and copper pink 
blend; rather too many striations on the falls. 36" fair branching. 

x Mount Cloud (Milliken 1937)—This is a fine blue-white and 
was well grown here; xx China Maid (Milliken 1936)—A very fine 
pink and heliotrope blend. The hot sun seemed to be rather too 
much for the standards on this occasion; x Rosy Wings (Gage 
1935)—Pink blend—very well grown, xx Junaluska (Kirkland 
1934)—Very rich in colour. Seemed a bit lacking in substance. So 
was I, by this time!) ; xx At Dawning (Kirkland 1935)—This was 
in good form in Dr. Grant’s planting; Jerry (Lapham 1934)—Red 
—very bright—of rich colouring. 

Betty Hanes (Hanes)—An almost self deep primrose with or¬ 
ange beard. Standards poor and soft. Well branched 36" stems; 
Osceola (Wiesner 1936)—A very free flowering light blue of 
crinkly texture. Well branched stems. 36". 

Ozone (Sass-J. 1935)—An elephant grey blend. Don’t care for it. 

[ 58 ] 

Well branched 36" stems; Sun Tan (Mitchell 1935)—Standards 
orange tan. Falls overlaid olive purple on tan ground. Beards 
golden. A well finished flower on well branched 30" stems; Red 
Chief (Horton)—Too dull; Red Prince (Horton)—No good. 

Mme. Louise Aureau (Cayeux 1934)—This fine plicata does not 
seem able to produce flower spikes to top the foliage. A pity; 
x Narain (Shuber 1936)—A medium blue self of nice form, and 
fair branching. 36"; Ballet Girl (Sass-H. 1935)—A pale pink of 
pallida form and habit. 36". 

xx Golden Treasure (Schreiner 1936)—Seen in good form here; 
La Feria (T. Williams 1937)—Large flower but too dull; Sundust 
(W illiamson 1936)—It is too brassy a yellow. 

Cherokee Red (Grant)—This flower is spoilt by the excess of 
veining at the haft. Well branched stems. 24"; xx Oriana (Sass-H. 
1933)—This is a very good white. Nicely branched stems. 30"; 
Lady Paramount (White 1933)-—Another of these huge yellows. 
The stems seemed weak today. 

Michelangelo (Weed)—We don’t need these forbidding look¬ 
ing blends; Crystal Beauty (Sass-J. 1935)-—A cold white. The 
falls are apt to tuck, and the stems seemed weak. Well branched 48" 

K. V. Ayres (Ayres 1932)—A buff and lavender blend of great 
size—but it is too dull in colour. I wish Mrs. Ayres could choose 
again !; x Indian Chief (Ayres)—This is really fine in mass, though 
apparently not as red as many more recent introductions; xx Na- 
ronda (Hall 1934)—A very bright medium to deep blue self with a 
white beard. A pallida type and very showy. Stems quite well 
branched. 36"; x Anitra (Sass-H. 1936)—A pale blue self with 
white beard—flaring falls. Nice branching. 36". 

xx Sandia (Williamson 1934)—Although strictly a pink blend, 
this is as good an all round “pink” as any, and was in fine form in 
Dr. Grant’s field ; View Halloo (White-C. G. 1936)—A large varie- 
gata of nice form, but rather dull colour, and inclined to be crowded 
on the stem. Striations at the haft spoil the colour scheme. 

x Waverly (T. Williams 1936)—Quite good here—but I still feel 
that it lacks substance; Wasatch (Thorup 1935)—This must be the 
largest plicata in existence and is very lacking in substance. It is 
so big that the stems are much overcrowded in spite of their 40" of 

x Mme. Maurice Lasailly (Cayeux 1935)—This is an “amoena” 
of the colouring of Amigo , and is somewhat larger, but lacks 

[ 59 ] 

Amigo’s brilliance of colour. The stem is also somewhat crowded. 
(Dykes Medal Winner, France, 1935.) 

Hermene (Parker)—Pale violet and gold blend of pallida form 
and with pinched falls. Well branched 36" stems; Motif (Sturte- 
vant 1931)—A rich violet bicolor with white variations at the haft. 
Well branched 30" stems. Good for landscape work. 

War Eagle (Sass-J. 1933)—A large, rather dull, red; xx Glo¬ 
riole (Gage 1933)—This was very fine (description elsewhere) ; 
Varese (Williamson 1935)—A carmine purple bicolor of great car¬ 
rying power. Fair branching. 36". 

x The Bishop (Washington 1937)—A well branched deep purple 
self with orange beard. The flowers lack substance. Good branching 
habit. 36"; x Indian Hills (Grant 1937)—A very showy rich pur¬ 
ple self and very telling in mass; x Exclusive (Grant 1937)—A 
very well finished pale blue of large size. Nicely branched 36" 

Dr. Grant’s seedlings were only just coming into bloom, so it was 
not possible to see what he had got in the form of novelties. He 
had Grace Mohr and Ormohr in flower, which were of considerable 


On arrival at Cincinnati Dr. Ayres kindly sent his car for me, 
and I was driven out some 12 miles, to his delightful garden and 
home perched high in the hills overlooking the Ohio and Miami 
Rivers. Here I found a mass of his older introductions in bloom, 
and also some seedlings, but his newer seedlings were about a week 
behind the rest of the irises, and so I could not see them in bloom. 
There is no doubt that the irises do grow in Dr. Ayres garden and 
it was a joy to see the vigour of most of them. 

xx La Lorraine (Ayres)—A very large pink blend of fair sub¬ 
stance. Standards fawn overlaid coppery pink. Falls semi-flaring— 
heliotrope with pinky fawn edges, and suffused and veined gold at 
the haft. Rather poor branching. 30" 

Mrs. Silas Waters (Ayres)—Another big yellow on well 
branched stems; x Edgeiiill (Ayres)—A large red purple bicolor 
with frilled standards and deep purple falls. Fair branching. 28". 

xx Sierra Blue (Essig)—Very fine, but needed stakes; xx Eros 
(Mead)—This was splendid. 

x Order of the Purple (Ayres)—A great big purple bicolor. 

Standards a little open. Falls of great richness with pale edges and 
with brownish flush at haft. Beard bright yellow. Stems well 
branched. 48"; Ningal (Ayres)—A buff and pale lavender blend. 
I don’t like it. 

xxx Cheerio (Ayres 1934)—This was really magnificent as grow¬ 
ing in its home garden. Very red—tall erect stems, 48"; Coralie 
(Ayres 1932)—This is a lovely pale red, but the flower is too soft. 
Dvkes Medal America, 1933. 

x Indian Chief (Ayres)—A large mass of this was a splendid 
sight. It is a very warm red; x Venus de Milo (Ayres 1931)—A 
very pure warm white of pleasing form on nicely branched stems, 
36"; x Bed Dominion (Ayres 1931)—Better here than I have seen 
it elsewhere. The standards open too much, but the falls are of very 
rich velvety texture. Branching poor. 36". 

x Cincinnati (Ayres 1936)—-A very large warm white of good 
branching habit. The standards are a bit weak, and the broad falls 
are semi-flaring, and are flushed yellow at the haft. Beard white, 
tipped yellow. 48". 

K. V. Ayres (Ayres 1932)—A large flowered blend of lavender 
and buff of nice form but too dull a colour. Well branched, 30" 

Persia (Ayres 1929)—This is a showy iris, although the colours 
are somewhat dull, but the finish is good. Branching stems 36". 

Among the seedlings which were in flower I noted several: xx A 
lemon-chrome seedling, self colour—flowers of nice form and fairly 
large, carried on well branched 40" stems; xx A pink seedling— 
very tall stems. The colour was a rosy orchid pink, which seemed 
pinker than most. Bather a poor form of flower; xx Bose and gold 
blend of very rosy effect like Coralie. Large flowers of fair sub¬ 
stance, but good form, and with fair branching habit, 30". 

After leaving Dr. Ayres I went to visit Mr. Wareham and spent 
several hours with him in his delightful garden, which is situated 
in woodland surroundings. Mr. Wareham is not keen on introduc¬ 
ing new irises but hybridises for the amusement it affords him. Ilis 
garden was full of irises of his own raising, practically all of which 
contain Dominion blood. The only yellow he has used is Shekinah. 

I took notes of several attractive things: x Eothen (Wareham 
1932)—A large ivory self of good form and nice branch. The falls 
have olive brown veinings at the haft, and the beard is orange and 
prominent, 30". 

x Elegy (Wareham)—-A violet blue self of very telling colour 

[ 61 ] 

and fair form. The flowers are carried on nicely branched 30” 

xx A very large cold white seedling which had a distinct inner 
flush of violet. The falls were of warmer white and the flower of 
nice form generally. 

Vision Fugitive —A seedling which he thinks a great deal of. I 
was unable to see it, as it was not in bloom; x Triptych— His large 
yellow was in bloom. It has flaring bnt rather narrow falls, and is, 
like many of the modern yellows, of a lemon-chrome colouring and 
is carried on fairly branched stems. (Note—Plants were reset after 
division of original in 1938.) 

After leaving Mr. Wareham I went on to see Mrs. Silas B. Wa¬ 
ters’ garden, which is situated on a precipitous slope overlooking 
the Ohio River, and is planted in terraces. Here I saw some very 
well grown examples of Los Angeles, Easter Morn, San Francisco, 
Frieda Mohr , Thais and manv others. Golden Hind was in very 
good form here. 

xx Eloise Lapham (Lapham)—Struck me as being a very good 
pink, and Pink Opal also, which is pretty close to it in most re¬ 
spects; xx Electra (Sass)—The Sass plicata was very well grown, 
as also was xx Gloriole (Gage). 

A number of the newer productions which I have noted elsewhere 
were not yet out in Mrs. Waters’ garden. 



On arrival at Philadelphia I was met by Mr. John Wister and 
taken to Mr. M. E. Douglas’ garden at Woodbury, N. J. Mr. 
Douglas grows a large collection of irises containing many of the 
old varieties as well as the latest productions. His garden is very 
nicely laid out and the irises are in borders chiefly at the edges of 
his shrub plantings. 

Mr. Douglas has had a very troublesome time with rot and in con¬ 
sequence, his irises, which are now in good condition, were not put¬ 
ting up the show which they usually do, and I saw them at a dis¬ 
advantage. Nevertheless, I found many of the better known and 
more recently introduced varieties flowering quite up to standard, 
and I noted: Rosy Wings (Gage) ; x Imperial Blush (Sass-II.) ; 
a “flushed” light violet, which seemed more attractive here than at 

[ 62 ] 

G. L. Pilkington 

Upper view in Mr. Wister’s garden, other views in Mr. M. E. 

Douglas’ garden 

[ 63 ] 

xx Ethel wyn Dubuar (Lapham), a very good pink; xx Sweet 
Alibi (White-C. Cl.) ; W. R. Dykes, in good form and without 
blotches; Pink Satin, x Blackwings, x Sandalwood (Sass), a buff 
blend, and Amenti, another Sass blend. 

I was too rushed to take many notes here, as Mr. Wister had 
promised to take me back to Philadelphia and out to Mrs. Hires’ 
in time for supper. 

Mrs. Hires’ garden is not a large one, but makes up for its lack 
of size by the cpiality of the irises grown in it. Here I saw a num¬ 
ber of the Sass productions again, including some I had not already 
seen, and also a number of Nicholls’ irises. 

xxx Claribel (Sass-J. 1936)—Was splendid here, a large clump 
of it covered with bloom ; x Yucatan (Kirkland 1935)—Notable for 
its colour, but the form is poor. Too narrow in the falls. 

x Chinook (T. Williams 1936)—This is a very showy white. A 
small flower compared with the prevailing run of large whites, but 
having a very pronounced orange beard, and flowers carried on 
well branched 36" stems. 

Twilight Blue (Kirkland)-—This is a tall powder blue of the 
same colour as Blue Diamond and Gloriole. Large flowers with poor 
falls. Well branched stems; x Tokay (Nicholls 1931) —This is a 
delightful pale salmon pink blend of typical Now eta form. 

xx Electra (Sass-J. 1935)—A very showy plicata, and appar¬ 
ently very free flowering. (Noted at Roanoke.) Standards veined 
rosy lilac, falls white with lilac pencilling at the edges. Beard dull 
gold. Inclined to top branch. 

Magnetawan (Kirkland 1935)—As seen a second time it struck 
me as being very bright in colour, but definitely of poor form; 
xx Frank Adams (Lapham 1937) — This is a nice variegata, tall 
and well branched. 40". Standards buff suffused pink, falls garnet 
overlaid purple. The falls are hanging but of good rounded form; 
xx Ethelwyn Dubuar (Lapham 1932)—Again noted as a good 

x Mount Cloud (Milliken 1937)—A large blue white of fine 
finish and fair form (noted elsewhere); xx Wildfire (Nicholls 
1938)—An extremely bright red. The standards are somewhat open, 
but the falls are flaring. 24". 

xx Gloriole (Gage 1933) — Very fine (noted elsewhere) ; xxx Du¬ 
brovnik (Williamson 1938) — Wonderful colour (noted elsewhere); 
x Tiffany (Sass-H. 1938) — A rose purple on yellow ground plicata. 


September Dawn (Nicholls 1934)—A deep golden blend. Edges 
of standards and falls edged crimson. 26"; Rosario (Thole 1938) — 
A lemon and rosy lilac blend. Deep yellow beard. 36". Wisteria 
(Lothrop 1934)—Standards smoky lavender—rather open. Falls 
flaring—deep lavender in colour. Beard dull orange except for the 
last quarter inch which is blue. Poorly branched. 42". 

xxx 55/3L. (Sass-H. P.)—Standards golden yellow, veined chest¬ 
nut, falls yellow edged reddish brown with yellow central blaze. 
Nice branching. A nice Sass seedling but the plant was hardly 

Sir Knight (Ashley 1934)—A violet bicolor with floppy stand¬ 
ards and poorly branched stems; Crown Jewel (Nicholls 1934) — 
A rosy fawn blend. Heavily striated falls spoil the effect. Moderate 
branching. 24". 

180/22 (Nicholls)—A very red seedling of good substance and 
form, and with well branched stems; Wotan ((Printer 1933)—A 
large dark, raisin purple, bicolor of sombre appearance, but nice 
form and substance; Capri (Schreiner 1936)—A fawn yellow of 
nice form. 

Amenti (Sass-J. 1936)—A large, rather dull, blend; Golden 
Light (Sass-H. 1933)—A bright gold and cinnamon blend; x Am¬ 
brosia (Sturtevant 1928)—White flushed palest pink, large flowers. 
Beard rich orange. Fair branching. 36". 

x Jinny Sue (Williamson 1936)—A very nice gold and pink 
variegata of beautiful form and finish. Fair branched stems. 30"; 
x Retta (Lapham 1938)—A peach pink—grand variety for mass¬ 
ing. 30"; Red Valor (Nicholls)- — Certainly red, but has not the fine 
form of Valor; Mary E. Nicholls (Nicholls)—This is a Valor X 
Lucero seedling—a magnolia white with pronounced yellow blaze at 
the haft and orange beard. Looked promising but the plant was not 

Mr. John C. Wister’s irises were next visited. Mr. Wister has a 
very large garden on the outskirts of Philadelphia, and in addition 
to irises has a very large collection of peonies and daffodils. He 
has planted his irises in long beds, according to the A.I.S. Colour 
Classification, which furnishes a useful demonstration of the falli¬ 
bility, or otherwise, of the classification. Time was far too short to 
indulge in arguments as to the various “misfits” and I contented 
myself with taking notes on some of the most outstanding varieties 

[ 65 ] 

growing in the collection. The irises were certainly splendidly 
grown, and the long beds were a mass of bloom. 

xx Gay Hussar (Williamson 1929)—A very bright variegata of 
good substance, and form, and with flaring falls. 24"; x King Juba 
(Sass-H. 1931)—A large variegata with bronzy yellow standards 
and garnet red falls. 36". Fair branching. 

Coronation (Moore 1927)—A showy garden yellow, very florif- 
erous. An old one; Sunlight (Stnrtevant 1929)—This is also a 
yellow of many years’ standing, whose chief merit is the extremely 
deep orange beard; x Cold Stream (Edlmann 1929)—Very attrac¬ 
tive—very pale primrose with deep orange beard. Nice branching 
habit but rather poor form. 36". 

x Inner Light (Sturt.)—A peach and violet blend; Cadenza 
(Williamson 1929)—A large Quaker Lady, top branched, tall 
spikes. 48"; xx Violet Crown (Kirkland 1931)—Already reported 
on. Very good here. 

xxx Morning Glory (Kirkland)—A very conspicuous variety of 
great finish, though “only a purple bicolor” (reported on in Ten¬ 
nessee) ; x Beau Sabreur (Williamson 1930) — Well finished, vel¬ 
vety variegata (already reported on) ; xx Dolly Madison (William¬ 
son 1927)—Particularly fine here; xx Pink Opal (Sass-J. 1934) — 
Same colour as Pink Satin (sister seedling), very large here, and 
tall. 48". Typical pallida habit; Sensation (Cayeux 1925) — A good 
colour—one of the brightest and cleanest pale blues, but the stand¬ 
ards lie open, and the falls are too narrow at haft. 

Mrs. Hires also took me to see the garden of Mr. Dolman at 
Swarthmore, where we saw a number of the varieties already noted, 
very well grown in his garden. Mr. Dolman has quite a few seed¬ 
lings of promise, of which I noted: Macaroon, a rosy heliotrope 
blend of very good form; Butterscotch, a honey brown blend of 
very lasting colour, and though not of particularly good form a 
valuable variety for massing and garden effect; Seedling 192 — 
Standards and falls white with orange flush and the falls with 
orange brown veining at haft. Beard deep orange. Well branched 
36" stems; x Waconda (Sass-H. 1931)—A very rosy blend of nice 
form. lie had also some promising plieata seedlings. 

Two views in Mrs. Hire’s garden, Ardmore, Pennsylvania 

Mr. Wister and Mr. Pilkington 

[ 67 ] 


Here I saw some very well grown irises, and some of the most 
promising seedlings. Mr. Smith has been particularly successful as 
a hybridiser, and this in a comparatively short time of interest in 
irises. He has raised at least two very good yellows of which we are 
sure to hear more before very long. 

xx Yellow Jewel (Smith-K. 1938)—This is a very fine clear 
lemon chrome self of good branching habit. The large flowers have 
hanging falls but do not present the floppy appearance of so many 
of the modern large yellows. 

xxx Yellow Glory (Smith-K.)-—This is another really fine lemon 
chrome seedling, probably better than any seen to date. The flowers 
are of fine rounded form with flaring falls, and are carried on stout, 
well branched 36" stems. The first bloom was only just open, but 
from what I saw of it, this iris seems a real winner among the 
11 strong ’ ’ yellows. 

xxx Caroline Burr (Smith-K.)—This is one of Mr. Smith’s 
finest seedlings, which was awarded a gold medal at the American 
Iris Society’s show at the World’s Fair on 29th May. It is an 
ivory white (creamy) of great size, fine form, and sparkling finish. 
Standards nicely domed with a pronounced midrib, falls semi flar¬ 
ing, well rounded, ivory white with olive yellow veining at haft. 
Beard white, tipped yellow. Flowers of good substance, carried on 
4 branched stems. 48" high. 

x Lord Dongan (Smith-K.)—A bright reddish violet of good 
form with nicely rounded falls, but little branch. Evidently a 
Dominion derivative. 36". 

x9 (Smith-K.)—A large mid blue of fine form with very broad 
and rounded falls which are flushed and veined brown at the haft. 
Beard white, tipped gold. Nicely branched 36" stems. 

x 42 (Smith-K.)—A large lavender blue of good form with very 
wide, rounded falls. Inclined to top branch. 36"; x 28 (Smith-K.) — 
A very promising red seedling of nice form. Standards tall, arched, 
chamois, overlaid copper. Falls semi flaring, blood red with purple 
overlay, heavy gold veining at haft. Beard deep yellow, style arms 
orange brown. Nice branching. 30". 

x Diana (Smith-K.)-—A large primrose of olive tone, and nice 
branching habit. 40". Beard golden; x Honey (Smith-K.)—A rich 
chamois self, with flaring falls, slight purplish veins at haft. Beard 

G. L. Pilhington 

Three views in Kenneth Smith’s garden, Dongan Hills, Staten 

Island, New York Seedling bed shown in lowermost view 

[ 69 ] 

orange. Good substance and form. No branching. 14". xxx Stella 
Polaris (Smith-K.)—Reported upon in Tennessee. Over here. 

xx Mount Robson (Smith-K)—A cold white of fine form with 
flaring falls. Slight yellow flush and veining at haft. Good branch¬ 
ing habit, 42"; Noweta X Eros seedlings—There were a series of 
these—delightful blends for garden massing; mostly of the buff to 
flesh pink colouring; x 62 —This was a very good one. 

Good Cheer (Sturt. 1936)— A very bright variegata, but 
spoiled by the streaky falls; Yellow Butterfly (Washington) — 
This is a dull blend of little garden value; xx Aubanel (Cayeux 
1935)—Undoubtedly a “pink” of great quality. The stems seem apt 
to twist, 36". 

xx Charlotte Millet (Cayeux 1937)—Standards dull dark pur¬ 
ple, falls raisin purple (Ridgway), with a slight streak down the 
blade of the falls of palest blue. Flush deep brown at haft. Fine 
form and substance. Good branching. 36". 

x Sorrente (Cayeux 1937) — Standards yellow, overlaid laven¬ 
der. Falls very broad, hanging, lavender with wide primrose edges 
and flush at the haft. Well branched 36" stems. 

x Rabahere (Cayeux 1937) — A variegata of nice form. Stand¬ 
ards old gold, somewhat paler at centre. Falls flaring, rosy purple 
with bronze flush and veining on white at haft. Well branched 36" 
stems. Colour a little too dull; Venetienne (Cayeux 1937)—A 
large light blue of no particular merit. 

xx Maya (Washington 1935)—A fine red. Standards of the tall 
pointed type, rose with a suggestion of gold at the midrib. Falls 
semi flaring—bright crimson with slight red on gold veining at haft. 
Beard orange. Rather lacking in substance. Fair branching. 36". 

x Purple Giant (Gage 1933)—A violet self of immense size, with 
hanging falls. Slight brownish veining at haft. Beard blue tipped 
orange. Good branching. 42"; xxx Easter Morn (Essig 1931) — 
Absolutely superb here. Masses of bloom of practically faultless 

x Dauntless (Connell 1929)—This old red was in splendid form ; 
Andante (Williamson 1928) — Too dull; Chosen (White-C. G. 
1937)—In bud only. Not well branched. 


This is situated in beautifully wooded surroundings near Nyack, 
about 25 miles from New York City. Here we were joined by Mrs. 
Wheeler II. Peckham and Mrs. W. E. Tobie. In this garden I saw 

G. L. Pilkington 

Three views in Mr. Cassebeer’s garden, Nyack, N. Y. 

[ 71 ] 

a number of irises already reported on, and in addition a few I had 
not seen before. I noted the following: Monal (Williamson 1936) — 
A brown, golden buff, and violet blend, overlaid with gold. A nice 
form. A somewhat duller form of Dubrovnik. Nice branching. 36". 

Summer Tan (Kirkland 1935)—A tan, rose and olive blend. An 
unusual colour; Spokan (Sass-J. 1933)—A coppery red. I did not 
particularly like the form of the flower, and I have seen “redder” 
reds; Jinny Sue (Williamson 1936)—A charming iris. 

Exclusive (Grant 1937)—A very nice light blue but the falls are 
too narrow at the haft; Brunhilde (Salbach 1934)—A fine deep 
blue, but the flowers are far too bunched. 

xx Radiant (Salbach 1936)—This is a particularly vivid red. 
The standards are bronze and the falls terra cotta, somewhat heavily 
veined at the haft, which is a pity. Fair branching habit. 30"; 
Ballet Girl (Sass-H. 1935)—Palest blush pink of nice form, but 

poor branching. 36". 

Dogrose (Insole)—Magnificent here; Great Lakes (Cousins 
1938)—A Canadian raised iris of great merit. A pale blue self of 
very good form with flaring falls. Fine branching habit. 40". 

Amigo (Williamson 1934) —Very fine here; Varese (Williamson 
1935)—A red purple, redder than Morning Splendor (Shull) ; 
xx Mount Cloud (Milliken 1936)—Good here. 

x Vedette (Cayeux 1936) — A nice blend; Rhages (Mead 1934) 
—A nice violet plicata, standards white heavily flushed violet. Falls 
white peppered violet. Well branched. 30"; Pink Jewel (Salbach 
1933)—A pinkish lilac, falls deeper than standards and somewhat 
veined. 30". 


All of the dealers listed below are members of The American 
Iris Society. If you are buying Iris for your garden, it should be 
your particular pleasure to make your purchases from the dealers 
who have worked with and supported your society. Your officers 
and directors invite your particular attention to this list. They also 
ask a favor. When you order, tell the dealer you saw his name in 
the Bulletin and do him a favor by not asking for a catalog 
unless you mean business. 


and IRIS 



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M EMBERS of the American Iris Society who also enjoy roses to 
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The Committee of Consulting Rosarians will give free advice on 
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A T a recent meeting of the American Peony Society the Board of 
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American Iris Society 

December, 1939 

No. 75 


Foreword, B. Y. Morrison _ 1 

* ‘Old Country” Gardens, Charles Bauckham _ 3 

English Iris, Harry L. Stinson _ 7 

1939 Iris Discoveries, Frank E. Chowning _ 11 

Some of the Best of Some of the Newest, E. G. Lapham _ 14 

Midwest Iris Notes, Lucy W. Tinley _ 17 

Yakima Valley Iris for 1939 Season, Alexander Maxwell _ 23 

Leaf Blight of Iris Caused by Bacterium Tardicrescens, Lucia McCulloch .... 26 

Varietal Notes, Chas. E. F. Gersdorff - 36 

Our Members Write_ 40 

1939 Eatings_ 51 

Judges Comments_ 55 

Eeport of Eegistrar_ 65 

Introductions 1939 _ 76 

Published Quarterly by 


Entered as second-class matter January, 1934, at the Poet Office at Baltimore, Md., 

under the Act of March 3, 1879. 

$3.00 the Year—50 Cents per Copy for Members 






Dr. H. H. Everett 

Dr. J. H. Kirkland 

J. B. Wallace, Jr. 
Richardson Wright 




W. J. McKee 

David F. Hall 

J. P. Fishburn 

Dr. Henry Lee Grant 




Dr. Franklin Cook 

Howard R. Watkins 

Kenneth D. Smith J. E. Wills 

President —Dr. H. H. Everett, 417 Woodman Accident Building, Lincoln, Nebr. 
Vice-President —Mr. W. J. McKee, 45 Kenwood Ave., Worcester, Mass. 

Secretary —Mr. Howard R. Watkins, 821 Washington Loan and Trust Bldg., 
Washington, D. C. 

Treasurer — J. P. Fishburn, Box 2531, Roanoke, Ya. 

Regional Vice-Presidents — 

1. Mrs. Herman E. Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass. 

2. Frederick W. Cafitsebeer, 953 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y. 

3. John C. Wisiter, Winter St. and Clarkson Ave., Germantown, Philadel¬ 

phia, Pa. 

4. J. Marion Shull, 207 Raymond St., Chevy Chase, Md. 

5. Mr. T. N. Webb, Durham, N. C. 

6. Mrs. Silas B. Waters, 2005 Edgecliff Point, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

7. Mr. Geddes Douglas, 440 Chestnut Street, Nashville, Tenn. 

8. Mrs. W. F. Roecker, 3319 North 14th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

9. Dr. Franklin Cook, 636 Church St., Evanston, Ill. 

10. Frank E. Chowning, 2110 Country Club Lane, Little Rock, Ark. 

11. Dr. C. W. Hungerford, 514 East C St., Moscow, Idaho. 

12. Mr. Merritt Perkins, 2235 Fairfax St., Denver, Colo. 

13. Dr. R. E. Kleinsorge, Silverton, Ore. 

14. Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop, 3205 Poplar Blvd., Alhambra, Calif. 

15. Mrs. G. G. Pollock, 1341 45th St., Sacramento, Calif. 

16. William Miles, Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada. 

Chairmen of Committees: 

Scientific—Dr. A. E. Waller, 210 Stanbery Ave., Bexley, Columbus, Ohio. 
Election — Dr. C. Stuart Gager, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Membership and Publicity—Dr. H. H. Everett, Woodman Accident 
Building, Lincoln, Nebr. 

Registration—C. E. F. Gersdorff, 1825 No. Capitol St., Washington, D. C. 
Exhibition—Mrs. Ralph E. Ricker, 1516 Russ St., Sioux City, Iowa. 

Recorder of Introductions and Bibliography —Mrs. W. H. Peckham, The 
Lodge, Skylands Farm, Sterlington, N. Y. 

Awards-—W. J. McKee. 

Editorial Board —B. Y. 

Mrs. James R. Bachmai 
Mrs. Wm. H. Benners 
Henry L. Butterworth 
Mrs. Ella W. Callis 
Frank E. Chowning 
Charles E. Decker 
Fred De Forest 
Julius Dornblut, Jr. 

6. R. Duffy 
Leo J. Egelberg 

Morrison, Editor; Mrs. 

Mrs. J. F. Emigholz 
C. E. F. Gersdorff 
Dr. Henry Lee Grant 
David F. Hall 
A. H. Harkness 
H. H. Harned 
Mrs. W. K. Kellogg 
E. G. Lapham 
L. W. Lindgren 
Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop 
Mrs. C. S. McKinney 

J. E. Hires, Ass’t Editor 

Bruce C. Maples 
Mrs. G. R. Marriage 
Mrs. H. Hoyt Nissley 
Ford B. Rogers 
Kenneth D. Smith 
Miss Dorothy Stoner 
M. Frederick Stuntz 
R. S. Sturtevant 
Mrs. Walter E. Tobie 
Mrs. C. G. Whiting 

LANTERN SLIDES —Rental Fee (to members) $5.00. Apply to Mrs. Herman 
E. Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass. 



Bulletin 75 will probably arrive like a belated Christmas present, 
or even a New Year’s greeting, but whether it appears in Decem¬ 
ber or January it holds enough to change Winter to Spring for the 
iris lover. 

Again it represents the fruits of many members in many parts 
of the country, with a diversity of opinion and point of view that 
should stimulate reply and controversy, just as did Region 9’s pro¬ 
nouncements of a year ago. 

To each member of the Society and to each member of the Edi¬ 
torial Committee, Editor gives the most grateful thanks of the so- 
called chairman. 

B. Y. Morrison. 

Iris trial 

plots, Wisley Gardens, with judges 
Society shown at left 

of the English Iris 

.NSW Vtii 

t * I * i 1 


Charles Bauckham 

■ To one who has been an iris enthusiast for many years it was 
quite an unusual experience to look forward to leaving his iris 
gardens on a trip abroad just as the blooming season was approach¬ 
ing. However, a long planned trip with many other things to think 
of, could not unfortunately be delayed until after the blooming 
season. Therefore I left Toronto on May 25th and arrived in 
Southampton with my motor car, on June 5th, at a time when iris 
were at their best. The Iris Society Annual Show was actually 
held that week in London, but while my itinerary did not permit 
me to attend, I took every advantage to see iris gardens, and it was 
about a week later, on June 13th, that I called on Mrs. Murrell, 
of the Orpington Nurseries, and found the iris still blooming at 
their best. The season had, up to that time, been somewhat un¬ 
usual with ten days of cool weather which had been preceded by a 
dry spell, and consequently the iris bloom was held back and the 
late varieties particularly were excellent. Mrs. Murrell was very 
good to me, taking time off during her busy season and the first 
iris which caught my eye was Torchlight, one of Orpington Nur¬ 
series’ new variegatas which had won the silver medal at the Iris 
Society Show and was recommended for trial at Wisley Gardens. 

It is somewhat comparable to Cayeux’s Claude Aureau, but much 
clearer and deeper in color, both in the yellow standards and the red 
falls. There was a fine clump of Shah Jehan nearby which made a 
particularly fine showing en masse but I am inclined to think that 
Torchlight would be an improvement on that fine variety. 

Lagos, one of Mr. Pilkington’s originations, was a tall, well 
branched iris with large blooms, well placed on the stem. Even 
though it was not a clear yellow, its ivory tone was to me very at¬ 
tractive. Its parentage was Sahara, Depute Nomblot and Purissi- 
ma. Maisie Lowe stood out in the garden as a fine, dark blue, some¬ 
what similar in color to Meldoric and although a little higher it was 
still tall enough and with fine placement of flowers to make an ex¬ 
cellent showing. Golden Hind was also outstanding with a strong 
appeal in its soft tone. Although it seemed to have been affected 
by the unusual May frosts, this year, I was told that it was a good 

[ 3 ] 

doer in ordinary seasons. Cheerio and Red Dominion, although 
young plants, were giving a good account of themselves and stood 
out well among the surrounding iris. California Gold, by com¬ 
parison with Golden Hind, was a clearer but brighter yellow, prob¬ 
ably more correctly described by Mrs. Murrell as “brassie, ” but 
on seeing it I made up my own mind that this was one iris I was 
bound to make room for in my already crowded garden. Although 
it had been affected a little by the May frost, it was evident that it 
would stand up well under English climatic conditions. 

I was a bit disappointed with Ethel Peckham. Apparently it 
does not do too well in its English surroundings, and also Gudrnn 
was too low to be satisfactory. Madrigal, a white Plicata with red 


Mrs. Murrell’s garden adjoining nursery 

edges, was an outstanding new seedling, and Natal a well formed, 
ivory dower with some similarity to Lagos and Sahara. The latter 
was also very fine. 

Mrs. Murrell very kindly loaned me Mr. Murrell’s membership 
card for Wisley Gardens and the next day I took advantage of this 
exceptional opportunity to visit Wisley and see first hand the very 
fine iris trial gardens there. I was told that the soil was not very 
suitable to growing iris and that if any new varieties made a good 
showing there under such unfavorable conditions they were bound 
to make a name for themselves. After passing through the rose 
garden and putting in considerable time with the lupines and del¬ 
phiniums, I came to the iris plots and to my surprise I found the 

[ 5 ] 

judges of the English Iris Society making their annual appraisal 
of the varieties then on trial. 

I first met Mr. Brown, the Manager at Wisley, and he asked me 
to wait and meet some of the judges after their work was completed. 
In view of the many varieties which were still blooming at their 
best I did not find any difficulty in waiting. I again saw California 
Gold and Golden Hind both blooming and in good condition, and 
my first impressions at Orpington Nurseries concerning these two 
iris were confirmed. 

I noticed a large dark blue named Destiny, and I was told after¬ 
wards by Mr. Pilkington that this was a New Zealand origination 
and had not proved a real good doer although there were several 
outstanding spikes of prize calibre then in bloom. There was quite 
a large clump of Shah Jehan which made a particularly good show¬ 
ing in the mass, and although the individual flowers were not as 
large as others in the garden, even on close inspection, they made 
a very favorable impression on me. 

Pilkington’s Blue Nile seemed lighter than Sensation, although 
larger than Corrida, but of similar color, with very attractive form 
and with the falls not quite so flaring as in Sensation and not 
unlike Purissima in form. I was told that this was not vet in com- 
merce but should give a very good account of itself. 

Hester Prynne, Bliss’ last introduction, was an attractive red, 
and Williamson’s Mareschal Nev also looked attractive. 

It was interesting to see the judges at work; those whose names 
were so well known in the iris world. England has a considerable 
advantage over America as they can segregate all the outstanding 
seedlings at Wisley and judge them all at the same time under the 
same conditions and by comparison with each other, and judging 
from remarks made by those whom I met, they have a very high 
regard for quite a number of the later American originations. 

And now as I write these notes I have to be content to contain 
myself in patience until next blooming season comes around in my 
own garden and then have an opportunity of seeing several of my 
own seedlings which seemed to show promise. 

[ 6 ] 


Harry L. Stinson 

■ A great deal of confusion exists among the majority of flower 
growers as to the difference between the Dutch, Spanish, and Eng¬ 
lish iris and how to successfully grow the separate groups. All three 
belong to the bulbous section of the iris family and have real bulbs 
instead of rhizomes or fibrous roots. 

The bulbs are indigenous to Spain and North Africa where they 
were found and brought to the thriving seaport town of Bristol, 
England, early in the 16th century. Their new home suited them 
admirably and they grew and multiplied. 

The industrious Dutchman saw possibilities in them and so took 
the Spanish specie over to Holland and through cultivation and 
selection produced choicer colors. He induced them to bloom about 
two weeks earlier than their parents. This horticultural achieve¬ 
ment has given us the so-called “Dutch Iris” which in reality is 
only an improved form of the old original Spanish iris. 

The flower parts of the former are much narrower and more 
pointed in all respects than those of the English iris, which are 
very broad and obtuse, in fact almost round. 

The bulbs also differ considerably. The Spanish bulbs are shaped 
like a large hazel nut and are about the same color and size, while 
the English bulbs are shaped somewhat like a daffodil bulb. A 
well-grown bulb will be as large as a large single nose daffodil bulb 
and light buff in color. 

Botanically, they are classified as two species. The so-called 
Dutch and Spanish become the iris xiphium while the English are 
iris xiphioides. Down through the ages the word has lost its signifi¬ 
cance in so far as it is applicable to the iris, for it is in no way 
descriptive of the leaves of either. The word xiphium is pronounced 
as if spelled “Sifium” and comes from the Greek word “Xiphios, ” 
meaning a long slender sword, and was used by Theophrastus 300 
years before Christ to describe the sword-like leaves of the gladioli 
that grew wild in the grain fields. Then later in the 1700’s, Lin¬ 
naeus used the same word for the iris, but it has no reference to 
any character they possess. 

The leaves of the I. xiphium are long and round like onion tops. 

f 7 1 

They come up in the late fall, and remain up all winter; while the 
I. xiphioides’ leaves are somewhat “V” shaped and do not come 
up until early spring. The culture of the two is radically different. 
The key to successful growing* of the Dutch or Spanish is to plant 
as early in the fall as the bulbs are available i*^ a rich, peaty soil 
that is well drained and that becomes thoroughly dry in the sum¬ 
mer after the blooming period is past. During this time they can be 
dug, separated, and replanted. 

Always plant iris (in full sun). They will grow in shade but 
never bloom. 

The original habitat of the iris xiphioides gives a clue to their 
culture. Being found in the Alpine meadows of the Pyrenees 
Mountains between France and Spain, they desire a constant sup¬ 
ply of moisture at their roots and a soil that never dries out, nor 
bakes in summer, but is always cool and moist. 

The bulbs of English iris should be purchased in July and Au¬ 
gust, or as soon as they can be secured from the grower. Plant as 
soon as possible, for they rapidly deteriorate if they are held in 
storage too long past their dormant period. They usually start 
making root growth in September, so they should be planted pre¬ 
vious to the root formation for fear the roots may be damaged in 
setting the bulbs. Set the bulbs about 5 inches to 6 inches deep in 
rich, moist, cool soil in full sun. They seem to prefer a soil that is 
on the acid side of neutral, so if the soil in your locality is alkaline, 
add some acid peat, oak, pine, or hemlock leaves to change the pH. 
to acid. 

To all indications they appear to be hardy down to 6 degrees 
above zero. If colder than this, it might be expedient to give a 
slight mulching to protect against alternate freezing and thawing. 
In February they will begin to show through the ground and grow 
rapidly till they bloom the latter part of June and into July, de¬ 
pending upon the season. They need not be dug every year, but 
about every three or four years they should be dug, separated, and 
moved to new ground as they become crowded and have somewhat 
depleted the soil. Dig as soon as the leaves show signs of turning 
yellow. Dry a few days in a cool, airy, and shady place, cut off 
the tops and clean off and discard all loose bulb coats and roots. 
Cutting the bulbs apart is a questionable practice. Experience has 
shown that unless properly disinfected, these cut areas offer a 
splendid entrance for decay to set in and before it is realized the 
bulbs are gone. So allow them to divide naturally. 


Fortunately the bulbous iris are comparatively free from insect 
pests and fungus disease. Once in a while a bulb will be found to 
have decayed and become infested with maggots. It should be 
burned immediately. The yellow wire worms will also attack a 
bulb frequently, but seldom totally destroy it. Some leaves will 
show symptoms of what might be a mosaic, or again it may be a 
deficiency in the soil. Experiments are being conducted by the 
writer to determine this point. Two years ago the soil was given a 
light sprinkling of Twenty Mule Team Borax (for the element 
Boron) and the following year (summer ’38) not a trace of rust 
or mosaic was detected. Further work along this line is desirable. 

While the English iris is probably one of the oldest iris in culti¬ 
vation, it is relatively unknown to many people. The reason is 
probably due to the fact that the bearded group has stolen the 
parade, and then, too, the old dark reds and blues were the only 
colors to be had in the English iris. Recent developments now make 
them available in pure white, pale skvblue, pink, white splashed 
with red, as well as the blues and reds in many shades. 

Some of the more recent hybridizations are the following and 
which the writer has growing in his collection near Seattle. 

Crater Lake—A very bright clear blue self, quite tall, flowering 
in midseason. Beautiful blue, but the color is not staple. 

Admiral —A very deep inky blue purple, much the darkest blue 
in this list. It does not contain as much spotting and streaking as 
most of the English varieties of this color now on the market. 
Flowers in midseason. 

Gale S. Hill —Dark wine-red, a very rich and striking flower, 
unlike any other in this list. The petals are broad and flare widely, 
and the deep coloring rivals some of the Dominion strain of bearded 

Mount Rainier—A magnificent pure white, the giant of this 
group of introductions, with very bold foliage and tall stems. There 
is just the faintest yellow line near the throat. A grand flower and 
a true aristocrat. Stock still very limited. Much superior to the 
older variety, Mt. Blanc. 

R. M. Cooley —Delicate bird’s-egg blue, very clear in tone, with¬ 
out any mauve undertone. The falls are extra broad and decidedly 
drooping, showing off the large size of the flower to greatest ad¬ 

Lingerie —The last word in an iris of orchid coloring and effect. 
The soft, even, clear mauve-pink of this splendid creation is un- 

marred by any other color whatever, and in it we have the ideal 
so long desired by the hybridizer. In the garden and as a cut 
blossom in the house this iris arrests the attention of all who see it, 
and we predict that it will enjoy the widest possible popularity 
when it becomes plentiful. 

Santiam —White, delicately touched with a reflection of pearl. 
A large flower making a rapid increase. As is the case with all the 
light toned varieties, this is a beautiful thing under artificial light. 

Fascination —A beautiful porcelain white flushed with orchid. 

Many of the older varieties are still found in our better gardens. 
These include: 

Rosa Bonheur —An old favorite with everyone who sees it. With 
a white background beautifully splashed with carmine. A vigor¬ 
ous grower. 

Sky Blue —A soft azure blue, as the name implies. 

Surprise —Very rich deep blue, with inky blue splashes. 

Grand Lilas —Charming combination of white and lavender. 

Royal Blue —A dark clear blue, with hint of violet. 

[ 10 ] 

Frank E. Chowning 

■ On May 6th, accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Fitzhugh of 
Shreveport, Louisiana, Mrs. Chowning and I drove to Nashville, 
Tennessee, for onr annual visit of iris gardens there. We found a 
number of interesting new seedlings and recent introductions at 
the various gardens visited, and particularly noted the following: 

(1) At the Iris City Cardens of Mr. Williams we saw Bronzed 
Nymph, a Parker seedling, of about the height, size and form of 
Clara Noyes, but without the latter’s heavy veining on the falls. 
The flower was more nearly a self and the color effect was quite dif¬ 
ferent either from Golden Light or Clara Noyes, the two iris which 
it resembled most in appearance. The flower had a burnt-orange 
overcast which was particularly noticeable on the margins both of 
the standards and falls. I was very definitely of the opinion that 
it was sufficiently different from the other two varieties mentioned 
to justify introduction, but at least one noted iris critic disagreed 
with me. Michaelangelo was blooming nicely, and while it is a 
flower that does not have great carrying power, it has beautiful 
form and color. I, for one, think that these subtle blends greatly 
add to the interest of an iris garden, and an iris should not be dis¬ 
missed from consideration merely because you can’t see it a block 
away. Some of the most delightful varieties cannot be appreciated 
except at close hand. I, therefore, do not agree with those iris 
critics who can see nothing appealing in such things as Monal, 
Ningal, Beotie, Michaelangelo, Jean Caveux, and even Copper Lus¬ 
tre. After all, iris are usually admired from a distance of a few 
feet—not one hundred yards! Wildfire was an exceedingly bril¬ 
liant small red that would make a fine clump for the front of the 
border. Glen Ellen is a magnificent flower from the standpoint of 
size, form, color and branching, but appeared to lack substance. I 
have noted that Mr. Pilkington remarked that the flower had good 
substance, and I hope that I am mistaken in my impression, because 
if Glen Ellen has good substance it will be an outstanding new 
variety because of the very distinctive color tone. 

(2) At Geddes Douglas’ garden we saw a great many well-grown 
new things, including a number of interesting seedlings. I par¬ 
ticularly liked the color of Francesca, Mr. Douglas’ introduction, 

[11 1 

and while the flower itself is not as large as it might be for the 
height of its stem, and the segments are narrow, nevertheless it 
makes a glorious patch of color unlike all others. Stella Polaris, 
a Kenneth Smith seedling, was nice, but I did not think that it ex¬ 
celled a number of other whites now in commerce. I feel that a 
white must be most extraordinary to justify introduction at this 
time with such fine things as White Goddess, Snowking, Purissima 
and others now available. If Snow Flurry is as distinct from all 
other whites as it appears from its description and the comment of 
a number of judges, then it would well justify introduction, but 
we did not feel that Stella Polaris had any distinguishing feature 
that made it stand out above the better whites in commerce. 

(3) At Chancellor Kirkland’s we saw Brown Thrasher, a new 
seedling which impresses one as having good possibilities. The 
flower stalk that we saw was on such a poorly grown clump that it 
was impossible to know whether the flower will have great merit 
or not. It appeared to be poorly grown by reason of its proximity 
to a lacge tree. I believe when grown under normal conditions it 
will be a very nice and worthwhile introduction. I thought the 
form to be better than Copper Lustre, of which it appears to be a 
derivative. Burnished Gold, while a nice yellow, did not appear 
above the general run of large yellow seedlings now seen on every 
hand, but there are a number of other things that give great prom¬ 
ise from this garden. Sonny Boy and Rose Violet are both very 
beautiful and distinctive iris and have been commented upon by 
Mr. Pilkington in his article. 

(4) At Mr. Washington’s we found a great many new seedlings, 
particularly among the whites and yellows. One seedling particu¬ 
larly attracted our attention. I failed to take notes upon it because 
I had expected to visit the seedling patch for a second time, but did 
not have an opportunity to do so. I remember it as being about the 
color of Gloriole with a very brilliant red beard. At Mr. Washing¬ 
ton’s home garden Gay Dawn, one of his latest introductions, re¬ 
minded us of a much improved Talisman. 

(5) At Jesse Wills’ garden we found a very choice selection of 
the latest introductions. Those that we particularly liked were 
Monal, Narain and Wabash. The first two I had not seen before 
and the last had not been seen since 1936 at Bob Schreiner’s. I saw 
E. B. Williamson in this garden for the first time, but it was a 
first year plant and obviously not well enough established to give 
a good idea of the flower’s worth. 

[ 12 ] 

On Tuesday afternoon, May 9tli, we left Nashville and drove to 
Corinth, Mississippi, to see the garden of Mr. Milton Rubel. I had 
been hearing reports for several years that a Mr. Rubel of Corinth, 
Mississippi, had a large planting of iris, and especially of Japanese 
varieties. I had received an invitation from Mr. Rubel a few days 
before leaving Nashville to visit his garden, and we found the visit 
to be the highlight of our trip. 

In Milton Rubel we discovered one of the most enthusiastic iris 
growers that we have met in our experience. He has several acres 
planted in Japanese seedlings and, in addition thereto, several 
thousand Siberian seedlings. The Siberian seedlings were in full 
bloom, but we had arrived a little late to see the bearded seed¬ 
lings at their best. We saw enough, however, to know that his 
seedlings are of a very high order and that some of them are cpiite 
distinctive. lie assured us that some of liis best things had finished 

Among the unusual things noted Avas a yellow plicata which I 
have reason to believe is one of the most distinctive things of its 
kind that has been developed. All of the Sass yellow plicatas of 
which I have read have light yellow backgrounds, while this seedling 
is a deep yellow self with a stitching of brown on the borders of the 
standards and falls. It has a medium stalk and medium sized flower 
and is very floriferous. The branching is fair. 

There were three brown toned seedlings with large flowers, tall 
stalks, broad segments and fine form and substance which reminded 
one of Copper Lustre except that two of them had a purple flush 
in the falls and the third had a flaring type of flower which was 
not cpiite as large as that of Copper Lustre. These three seedlings 
are very interesting, but probably not sufficiently distinctive to 
justify introduction. Mr. Rubel tells me that most of his seedlings 
bloom the first Spring following that in which they germinate. I 
was told that he grows them under laths until they are about three 
or four months old when he transfers them to the open ground. 
His seedlings are of such a high order of excellence that we are 
looking forward to seeing his 1940 crop. 

In addition to the hundreds of bearded seedlings which he had, 
we found one of the most complete collections of the new intro¬ 
ductions that can be found in the South. In addition, there was a 
large planting of peonies and of Regal lilies and hemerocallis. We 
received an urgent invitation to return during the first week in 
June to see the Japanese iris and hemerocallis, and on June 7th 

Mr. Fitzhugh came up from Shreveport and went over to Corinth 
with us where we feasted our eyes again on one of the greatest dis¬ 
plays that we had ever seen. There was one planting of established 
Japanese seedlings which must have covered as much ground as a 
large city block and these were in solid bloom. We know of no 
other place where Japanese iris can be seen in such masses. 

The hemerocallis were just beginning to bloom. Many of the 
finest varieties had not as yet opened their first blossoms. Some of 
the nicest things we saw in the collection were seedlings of Mr. 
Rub el. 

To all lovers of iris and flowers in general, we recommend a visit 
to the Rubel gardens at Corinth during the first week in May to 
see the tall bearded iris, the Siberians, peonies and other perennials 
too numerous to mention. The peony collection is, in all probability 
the most numerous and finest to be found outside of the peony belt, 
and they do remarkably well considering that peonies are not usu¬ 
ally regarded as being adapted to the fringes of the deep South. 


E. G. Lapham 

■ I got about more than usual this season and I saw a lot of 
splendid iris. Cooley has a beautiful garden and his featured 
iris are displayed to great advantage. Here were Old Parchment 
and Aztec Copper living quite up to descriptions. I noted here 
among the introductions a number of David Hall’s seedlings that 
I had admired when still under number, and Dr. Wilhelm’s Stained 
Glass was also living up to its seedling promise. I was much im¬ 
pressed with a number of much acclaimed iris which I had not 
seen before: Prairie Sunset, the pure white Matterhorn, Rosario, 
a fine large pinkish blend, Aline, which is a very clear blue. Great 
Lakes, which made a great showing as an outstanding blue, and 
Cook’s E. B. Williamson and Sable showed to great advantage. 
And, by the way, Treasure Island was showing up to great advan¬ 
tage, too—tall, well branched stalks and large, beautiful blooms. 

T had the opportunity to make several visits to Dr. Kleinsorge’s 

r 141 

seedling beds. He has a great array of fine blends, some of them 
heavily flushed with henna. The Ivleinsorge seedlings as a whole 
show plenty of class in the way of size, shape and substance as well 
as a great range of colorings. Among those that particularly im¬ 
pressed me were No. 270, a pink tinted apricot blend of good size 
and fine form, substance and stalk; No. 248, a really beautiful iris 
in brown tones; No. 272, a glowing orange'fine in every way that 
makes Naranja quite out of date; No. 239, of distinctive mulberry 
coloring. Here I saw Red Velvet which struck me as a redder, im¬ 
proved edition of Ethel Peckham. 

At Norton’s Yakima, and at Rowan’s, Ellensburg, I was shown 
the quality of Washington grown iris. No seedlings here, but many 
of the fine new things, such as Matula and Elsa Sass which is a 
very different and very lovely light yellow, extra fine in every way. 

At Brehm’s in Seattle we found many fine things in yellow seed¬ 
lings and several in red and deep purple, all very well grown. At 
Mr. Thole’s we saw a lot more yellow seedlings and some fine things 
in pure light blues, also an unusual heliotrope self. A nice showing 
of his Rosario was a feature of this garden. 

It was pretty late then to go to California, but we did get in on 
the tail-end of the bloom at Carl Salbach’s and Professor Mitch¬ 
ell’s. It was late for the Salbach seedlings, but there w r as one last 
bloom on a glorification of Radiant, a large and very brilliant 
flower for which Mr. Salbach has great expectations. Enough bloom 
was left here and there to indicate that some fine new things had 
bloomed for them this year. I liked a large deep pink very much, 
but Mr. Salbach said it was not nearly as good as some which had 
finished blooming. And here was an especially fine showing of 
Angelus. Professor Mitchell had a great showing of yellows, a 
number of light pink blends I admired, and a very beautiful light 
golden brown self. 

Mr. Thorup was not home in Salt Lake City and numbers were 
lacking on the seedlings. As might be expected, Wasatch was doing 
fine here, and also a whole raft of Wasatch seedlings. I went over 
things rather hurriedly but did note several fine blues, a number 
of nice light pinks, and some good yellows. 

At J. D. Long’s, in Boulder, I found nothing at all in seedlings, 
and this year’s introductions also were lacking—but here I got a 
real revelation as to just how good iris can be grown in quantity. 
Thousands and thousands and thousands of plants and it seemed 
as if every one was exhibition grown. I had never even seen my own 

Ketta before. J. I)., or I rather suspect son Everett, is at the bot¬ 
tom of it, just “glorifies” a variety without going to the trouble 
of doing any hybridizing. 

Back to Indiana and what a contrast! A rotten season here, and 
Paul Cook’s Hoosier de luxe culture could avail but little. One 
would think that Indiana was the desert and Colorado the iris’ 
promised land. But plenty of fine new color in Bluff ton and lots 
of promise for grand iris come a decent season. One thing has been 
clearly demonstrated and that is that E. B. Williamson is not only 
a splendid iris but a breeder of fine things, it having given Cook a 
great array of seedlings this year in fine new shades of light reds 
and coppery combinations. Up to the time of my visit, however, 
the prize went to a rich red, S-839, with oxblood falls and red pur¬ 
ple standards, close to a self—distinctive in its coloring and giving- 
promise of being good in all respects. In pink tones there was noted 
a large and very showy rose pink blend, No. 5437, and a somewhat 
smaller but very smooth and pleasing blend of pink and apricot, 
No. 539, good in all respects. 

At David Hall’s we noted his named seedlings. May Day, lovely 
apricot blend, and the huge orange, Invictus, could not be over¬ 
looked. There was the usual large crop of large and well grown 
seedlings with too much quality to make choosing easy. Hall has a 
lot of brown, apricot, orange blends of excellent quality. And there 
was No. 39-61, a bright thing with orange standards and coppery 
red falls. No. 38-40, a fine light pink. No. 39-83, a big rose pink. 
No. 37-53, a good orange. No. 39-47, a nice buff. But the blue rib¬ 
bon, so far as I am concerned, goes to No. 39-39 which I found 
decidedly the outstanding seedling of the season so far as my cov¬ 
erage went. Its color had me stumped to describe—I put it down 
as a tan-orange-rose-apricot blend! Anyway —very striking and 
with enough life to its color not to be dull and to carry well—a tall, 
strong Avell branched stalk—a very large bloom of fine shape and 
splendid substance and resistance. 

[ 16 ] 


Lucy W. Tinley 

■ To iris fans it means something to live less than an hour’s drive 
from the Sass farms. In early spring we lay our plans, in season 
we go as often as we can arrange it and the rest of the year we 
talk of the wonders that we have seen over there. 

This spring we made our first trip on the nineteenth of May. 
We were fortunate in finding Henry Sass at home and he took time 
to show us about. Many of the tall bearded iris were still in bud. 

Royal Coach, one of Hans Sass’ yellow plicatas, had a medium 
sized blossom on a medium stem. It is a clean butter-yellow with a 
delicate brown stitching on the edge of its petals. Substance good, 
falls broad and semi-flaring, not frilled. Many of the plicatas are 
heavily edged with stippling and stitching but this has a few sim¬ 
ple lines. 

Golden Hind showed a proud stalk—the best yellow that I saw 
that day. Fine, smooth color; form substance and stalk good too. 

Ossar (H. Sass) is a satisfying bit of color. It is almost a self 
with the deep, brown-red of the falls extending to the tip of the 
silky standards. It is a child of 30-40 and while it hardlv meets 
the matchless color of its parent, it fortunately has better sub¬ 
stance in the standards. Later, Henry showed me a long line of 
seedlings with this very smooth, dark red in both standards and 
falls. It has taken several generations to bring the set this far and 
it is still in the making. 

Welcome, Reibold’s pale yellow, showed a medium stalk and 
shapely blossom. 

For the first time I saw Miss California and recalled Mr. Sal- 
baeh’s enthusiastic description of this flower in the autumn of ’35 
when it was still an unnamed seedling. It is living up to his hopes 
with fine stalk, well branched, large flower of pleasing rose-purple 
tones, apparently hardy here. 

Naranja (Mitchell) was here and later I had the satisfaction of 
seeing it in two other gardens, always the same. It is a clear, 
well-proportioned yellow with a brownish overlay on the falls giv¬ 
ing an orange effect. Form and substance good on a medium, well 
branched stalk. 

[ 17 ] 

At the house we had a brief visit with Mr. Sass and saw a few 
blossoms from early seedlings. The most unusual was 38-68, yel¬ 
low standards, blue falls with an even yellow band around the edge. 

Again we were fortunate in finding Mr. Hans Sass in his garden. 
At our first question he told us that Prairie Sunset would not be in 
bloom for several days—perhaps a week. 

Elsa Sass, a frilly yellow with an elusive, greenish tone. “It 
looks soft but it has substance,” was Mr. Sass’ comment. “This 
blossom was out through yesterday’s wind and it is still good.” 

Miss Camelia, a very large, ruffled lavender-blue was most at¬ 
tractive. In color, similar to Blue Monarch but of different form. 

Princess Marygold, a child of King Midas, approaches being an 
apricot self, so smoothly is it blended. Like Mary Geddes, it has 
red brushed on the falls but as a smooth, soft-toned overlay, with¬ 
out veining. Substance very good, falls rounded and semi-flaring, 
size apparently medium, not ruffled. A newcomer well worth 

Tiffany, a yellow plicata, very heavily stitched and stippled red- 
brown, and Orloff, also a yellow plicata, but a shade larger and 
less heavily marked. 

Giralda, not quite so tall this summer as when I measured its 63 
inches last year—a soft light pink. 

Miss Aravilla, a bright spot in the garden, a red and yellow 

Patricia, a dainty white whose chief charm lies in its heavilv 
frilled petals. 

Our next visit, some ten days later, took us straight to Midwest 
Gardens for a call on Prairie Sunset. I wondered whether I should 
recognize it after a year had passed, but though it stood in another 
place among many seedlings, there was no mistaking it. It still 
held its own—tops over all. It was close to forty inches—not quite 
so tall as last year. At that time I had examined it most painstak¬ 
ingly and made careful notes. There was, I recall, a very faint line 
of purple at the edge of the standards and a greenish tinge to the 
midrib. Neither of those points was visible this year. The flower 
was a smooth, satiny shining gold with a pinkish flush, but very 
little pink. If it were not for the shining quality the color might 
be a little dull, but it is pure gold—not tan. The appearance of 
heavy substance gives its look of superiority. 

Mr. Sass takes much satisfaction in his yellow plicatas. Some 
breaks come by accident but these plicatas are the result of careful 

[ 18 ] 

plans. It is not long since there was no such thing as a yellow 
plicata, but here there are hundreds of them, the only question 
being* the one of deciding* which are to be kept. One of the most 
charming is Ruth Pollock. The standards are a soft rose over yel¬ 
low. The center of the falls is clear yellow while the edges are slight¬ 
ly frilled. It is not only an interesting new color combination but 
a very beautiful flower. Balmung is similar but has more yellow in 
the standards and the stitching is brown. 

Matterhorn showed an impressive flower on a sturdy stalk, not 
quite so tall as last year. It is a lily iris of heavy substance and 
straight-edged, flaring falls. 

Towering above everything in the field was Jacob Sass’ new yel¬ 
low, Golden Age, on a 48-inch stalk. We could not help wondering 
what it would be in an average year. The flower is very large, of 
rounded form with frilled edges, the color, a rich medium yellow. 

Midwest Gem is a pale beauty, yellowish tan and gold, flushed 
pink. Edges of the petals are daintily frilled. 

Matula has almost the same form and is also a color gem. The 
standards are a deep gold, tinted rose. The falls are coppery rose- 

The brightest bit of red among* the seedlings was on the falls of 
16-38, not a large flower but of heavy substance and without a line 
on the haft. 

We stopped at the Jacob Sass farm on the way home. Here we 
found many seedlings that were not out at the time of our last visit. 
One had been named the day before—'“ Oklahoma Citv. ” It was a 
huge, frilly yellow with deeper yellow washed on the falls, stalk 
sturdy, a little above medium height. Here were yellows of every 
kind and description. It would take an expert to decide which to 

Plnrabelle, a typical Caveux iris on a well branched stalk—a 
flower that beckons with its yellow standards, lighted center and 
rose-blended falls, lighter at the edges. 

Mr. Hall’s Token was another grand blend of much the same 
coloring as Matnla. Its golden-tan standards and rich, red and 
gold falls are sprinkled with gold dust. 

Mrs. Willard Jaques, a free bloomer, showed an exquisite color- 
combination, to me far the loveliest of the light blends. In sub¬ 
stance and texture it has the quality of a bunch of sweet peas. 

After blooming* days had passed and things were not so pressing* 
we asked the Sass families to come over and see the gardens where 

we grew their iris and some of our own. During the visit we learned 
a few of the season’s highlights. In spite of the shortage of bloom 
(less than 50% bloom on new seedlings) they felt that for quality 
this year had surpassed anything that they had ever had. A line of 
red seifs, less purple than The Red Douglas, some outstanding yel¬ 
lows, good whites and interesting blends. 39-214 had clear, bright 
yellow standards and lavender-blue falls with brown on the haft 
and a wide band of yellow on the edge. A bright beard and deep 
yellow throat added to the luminous effect. 

Already the Prairie Sunset progeny number in the hundreds. 
Many of these have not bloomed but of those that did, Henrv had 
one seedling which, they said, surpassed its gorgeous parent. (I 
felt a pang of regret. Its day of supremacy seemed all too short.) 

What was the new iris like? we asked. More brown and gold 
than Prairie Sunset, they told us. Less pink. Larger. More dis¬ 
tinguished looking. However, this plant had sent up two blossom 
stalks, now carrying pods. As yet there had been no side shoots. 
Its superior qualities might carry on through its descendants but 

apparently its own brief career was ended. 

^ ^ ^ 

Dates for garden affairs set far ahead often prove most unsatis¬ 
factory but this was one that Avas just right. The program for our 
Garden Club read, “May 21, See the Whiting Gardens.” Seven 
o’clock on that May morning found three cars taking the highway 
to the north. We were at our destination before ten, eagerly ac¬ 
cepting our hostess’ invitation to make ourselves at home in her 

Gardening is in the Whiting blood, for their parents and grand¬ 
parents before them loved the soil and left to Iowa the legacy of the 
towering trees and rare plants that their hands had planted. 

My first quest was for Garden Magic, whose red tones I had 
thought so fine when I was here two years earlier. It was still in 
bud but I did not miss it long, for there stood Christabel in all its 
glory. Rose and gold standards of Jnnaluska, King Tut falls—a 
regal iris on a commanding stalk. 

Sunmist and Alice Harding, both good pale yellows. 

Crimson Petal, not so large, but sturdv-looking with rich, red 
falls, a good garden red. 

Maya, very similar to Jnnaluska, tall and fine. 

Blue Peter, Dark, velvety blue with purple cast, something be¬ 
tween Blue Velvet and The Black Douglas. 

I 20 1 

Anitra, a clear, light blue from which most of the lavender has 
been eliminated. Lighter toward the center, falls flaring, an ex¬ 
quisite, appealing flower. 

Belmont, fine medium blue, large blooms, frilled edges, semi- 
flaring falls. Very pure coloring. 

E. B. Williamson on a tall stalk showed a huge bud. Mrs. Whit¬ 
ing opened one petal to show me the color—a velvety, brown-red. 
She assured me that it deserved all of the honors that it had won. 

Exclusive, not just another blue” but one with character and 
dignity in its straight lines. 

Narain, a clear blue of fine form with an attractive blue beard, 
tipped yellow. 

Claribel, one of the very best of the blue plicatas. Many stalks 
full of bloom showed the kind of iris that it is a pleasure to grow. 
Indian Hills, a wine-purple self of good form and substance. 

Gallant Leader, a great sturdy iris with red-gold standards and 
very broad dark red falls. 

In making their crosses the Whitings had used the best material 
to be had. Determined to learn all that they could from the ex¬ 
perience of others, they had gleaned their information from many 
sources. So this crop of seedlings was not an accident but the 
direct result of building on what other hybridizers had done. It 
was astonishing how many fine ones there seemed to be. 

3912—Golden yellow standards, smooth copper falls, a large iris 
of great garden value. 

3991—Odd blend of heliotrope and mulberry tones, from Creole 
Belle X Matula since named Monona. 

3974—Large, rosy blend from Happy Days X Matula. (Later 
this iris received an H.C. at the Sioux City show.) 

A line of crisp pale blue seedlings came from Missouri by Glo¬ 
riole. The wonderful thing about Dominion was not so much the 
break of velvet falls as that the velvet carried on to following 
generations. Here it was a thrill to see that Gloriole’s frosted 
sparkle had come again in its children. The form and stalk were 
that of Missouri. The best of these seedlings, 3995, with wide 
smooth haft and white yellow-tipped beard, has since been regis¬ 
tered, Flora Whiting, but that morning it was only in prospect. 

A group of our club members called, ‘ ‘ There’s a yellow iris over 
here that should be called Union Pacific because it has grown such 
a beard.” We understood what they meant as we were fresh from 
“Golden Spike” days in Omaha with Cecil de Mille’s premiere of 


the play, Union Pacific, when men employees of the U P grew beards 
and their wives (and all Omaha) blossomed out in the costumes of 
1869. We marvelled at the flower’s heavy golden beard and some¬ 
one exclaimed, “Why, that flower names itself—Golden Spike, of 
course. ’ ’ So 3915, Happy Days by Matula, has been registered 
Golden Spike. It is a very large, rich yellow between Golden Ilind 
and Happy Days on sturdy well-branched stalks quite worthy of 
the honor of being the first iris that these careful breeders have 
selected for naming. 

Another surprise came from Amitola by Copper Piece. Instead 
of blends this brought the clearest, purest yellows with an inner 
glow of yellow from very deep throats. One was distinctly two- 
toned with standards of pure, deep yellow and falls of lighter tone 
with a deeper yellow edge. It is a large flower, well carried on a 
tall stalk, number 3967. A sister seedling, 3966, was of even more 
unusual coloring—primrose yellow with all of the petals, even the 
crests, edged with deeper yellow. The same deep yellow at the 
smooth haft gave an inner glow. Both of these yellows may be 
named as the colorings are so lovely and unusual. 

A line of reds from Matula by Garden Magic made a brilliant 
showing. 3977 seemed best—a flower medium to large, well-rounded 
form and broad, velvet falls carrying three distinct tones of red— 
orange-red on the smooth, clean haft, rose-red on the falls with 
copper tones in between. (When the Sasses were there a few days 
later Mr. Hans Sass thought it one of the best in color and compli¬ 
mented the Whitings by asking for some of its pollen. It has been 
registered under the name Rouge Bouquet.) 

We stopped before some appealing light blues. “Just what you 
would expect Shining Waters to do to Missouri,” was Mrs. Whit¬ 
ing’s comment, Mr. Whiting brought a blossom of Missouri that we 
might compare them. Size and form, stalk and branching like 
Missouri while the pollen influence had brought a cleaner haft and 
more delicate coloring. 

As it was nearing the noon hour, we turned toward the house, 
again passing through the lovely garden. Looking at the sun- 
browned faces of my companions, I realized the truth in the saucy 

“Such a garden was not made 
By singing, ‘Oh, how beautiful,’ 

And sitting in the shade.” 

[ 22 ] 


Alexander Maxwell, Yakima, Washington 

® This 1939 season showed a long list of the newer iris in our test 
gardens at Yakima. 

Mr. Cooley, Mr. E. G. Lapham, Mr. Julius Dornblut, Jr., Mr. 
Howard Weed, Mr. Thurlow Weed and Mr. Robert Schreiner all 
visited these test gardens, and we certainly were glad to have their 
comments and criticisms on all the newer things shown. 

It was indeed nice to meet members of our great Iris Society and 
show them our efforts in collecting and growing everything that we 
could get that had advance notice in the Bulletins. 

For that reason I am going to cut short the details of the personal 
part of the visit to us, and try and give an honest candid opinion 
of the various new things noted that in our humble opinion were 
well worth growing. 

As we read every single printed word in the Bulletin in regards 
to new seedlings, we feel that the members would enjoy getting our 
comment on lots of things new, instead of the personal touch. 

Prairie Sunset of course was the star; this is a real break in color, 
Onion Skin Pink by Ridgway, but as we saw it, a coral pink over¬ 
laid dark amber, bright not somber, a self, good stalk, good branch¬ 
ing, well formed large flower with plenty of substance, did not fade. 

Here is the iris they all will want and enjoy. 

Elsa Sass—A real lemon vellow with some white on the falls, well 
ruffled flower, good substance, good branching, does not fade though 
it stood up under 96 degrees the first and second day blooming. 

Yellows are plentiful, but here is a break in color, and is most 
distinctive and from comments will be the most wanted yellow we 

Matula was another one that, is easily a very fine thing, good form, 
good substance, and just try and describe the color if you can, falls 
and standards heavily crimped and ruffled at the edges. 

Watch this fellow go places. 

Tiffany is far better than Siegfried and Orloff, both very good 
things in their class; Tiffany is a real standout. 

Sable showed that it could win at Rome or any other place. 

The real dark iris to date. 

f 23 3 

Coronet is another break in color; rose beige does not describe it; 
color is between Sunol and Naranja as we saw it. Very fine indeed. 

Ming Yellow and Noontide, both Depute Nomblot seedlings, are 
both different, both very, very good, with Noontide having the heav¬ 
iest substance of any iris. Both yellows to enjoy. 

Cafe au Lait showed a little purple in the falls, something like 
Coronet. All our bets are on Coronet. Will report again on Cafe 
au Lait next year; maA T be it is better than we think. 

Morocco Kose, Angelus and Miss California easily led the pink 
section; they are grand. We lean to Morocco Rose. 

Radiant with us is a fall bloomer as well as a standout color 
spring or fall; brightest thing in the garden. Good, very good. 

E. B. Williamson is another one in the red class that is outstand¬ 
ing and different. 

The Red Douglas as we saw it is better than Garden Magic, but 
we can use them both for some time to come. 

Rosy Wings is a veritable flower garden in itself, a fine thing. 

Treasure Island can easily rank tops in the yellow class; you 
people that do not have it are missing something good. 

Golden Treasure with its heart of gold is very appealing. 

Ormohr, Grace Mohr, and Mohrson are all fine; Grace Mohr is 
the tallest. They all attract attention. Ormohr is the best. 

Casque D’Or, City of Lincoln, Midwest Gem, Lighthouse, Fiesta, 
Good Cheer, Snowking, Gudrun, try to beat them in their class. 

Modiste, Great Lakes, Anitra, Gloriole, Itasca, Narain, Brun- 
hilde, Sea Deep in light blues and dark blues are the tops. 

Noontide, another new yellow, will stand, wind, rain, storm, has 
real substance, long lasting quality here. A good one. So good I 
had to get a second critical glance at this fellow. 

Red Gleam approaches scarlet, so good we bought it on sight for 
our test gardens. 

Mr. Lapham’s Elkhart attracted a lot of attention also. 

Buckskin and Old Parchment are new and very, very good. 

We have very few light yellows in our planting and were inter¬ 
ested in Spring Prom; this was disappointing to us, but will see it 
again next year and again check it over. 

Now here is one that we think is very, very fine. Fair Elaine, 
another break in color, whitish cream standards and deep yellow 
falls with a golden glow at the heart, beard very near orange, good 
grower, good bloomer, stalk good and well branched, flower of per¬ 
fect substance and lasting. After you see it, you supply the ad- 

[ 24 ] 

jeetives. This ancl Elsa Sass we can go for in a large way; you 
guessed it, we like them both very much. 

The distinctive iris noted included At Dawning, Bronzino, Cor- 
inthe, Christabel, Destiny, Exclusive, Maya, Junaluska, Marco Polo, 
Monadnock, Wabash, Siegfried, Orloff, Amigo, Mrs. Willard 
Jaques, Ozone, Naranja, Spokan, Sandalwood, Sir Launcelot. 

Everything noted above did well in the test garden. 

We had hundreds of visitors making notes, and interest in iris 
with us here is increasing at a great rate. 

Our test garden has nothing to sell to visitors, and the idea seems 
to be a grand one to increase the interest in iris. 

We already have a tremendous long list bought to plant this year 
and bloom 1940. 

So come on you iris fanciers and tell us about those real good 
seedlings you saw and noted, so we too can get them for the test 

There is no question that an iris planting of the newer things 
does create interest, and visitors tell their friends about the good 

[ 25 ] 



Lucia McCulloch 

(Reprinted by permission from Phytopathology, September, 1938, 

Vol. X XT III, No. 9, pp. 642-649.) 


■ A bacterial disease of iris leaves, which appears to be increasing- 
in severity and distribution, has been under observation bv the 
writer since 1924, when some diseased leaves were received from 
Virginia. Specimens have continued to come to the Department of 
Agriculture each season, but beyond determining that it was caused 
by bacteria, not much attention was given to the disease. 

Prom 1934 to 1936, a number of seriously infected plants were 
received from Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia. 
Most of the specimens have been sent in by growers in or near the 
District of Columbia, but other regions, from Alabama to Massachu¬ 
setts, have been represented. All the specimens received to date 
(January, 1938) are varieties of the bearded group with one excep¬ 
tion. This is Iris cristata, from Connecticut, sent in by the late Dr. 
G. P. Clinton, in 1933. 

It is not likely that this is a new disease, but it is probable that 
the weather conditions of the past few years may have particularly 
favored its development in certain regions, and that observant 
growers are distinguishing it more frequently from other iris dis¬ 
eases. This disease was reported and the causal organism named 
and briefly described by the writer 1 in 1936. Later, Burkholder, 2 
also, described it. 

Except for these two reports, no record has been found in plant 
pathological literature of a similar iris disease. In 1931, Takimoto 3 
in Japan described a bacterial leaf spot of iris and named the causal 
organism Bacterium iridicola. He sent cultures of this organism 
and specimens of infected iris leaves to the writer. A study of 
these showed that the leaf lesions and the character of the organism 

1 McOalloch, Lucia. An iris disease caused by Bacterium tardicrescens, n.sp. Paper 
read at the 28th Meeting of The American Phytopathological Society, Atlantic City, N. J., 
Dec. 28-31, 1936. 

2 Burkholder, W. H. A bacterial leaf blight of iris. Phytopath. 27: 613. 1937. 

3 Takimoto, S. Bacterial leaf spot of iris. Fungi (Nippon Fungilogical Soc.) 1: 
21-24, 1931 (In Japanese with English Summary). | Abstract in Rev. Appl. Mycol. 11: 
108. 1932.] 

[ 26 ] 

Fig. 1. Bacterial leaf blight of iris. Bight—Natural infection. Be 
cent lesions with wide, water-soaked margins and isolated, water 
soaked spots, photographed by transmitted light. Left—Natural 
infection. Old lesions, dry and collapsed in the centers, photo 
graphed by reflected light. Slightly enlarged. 

[ 27 ] 

were unlike those of Bacterium tardierescens. Ilis description also 
was of an organism quite unlike Bad. tardier escens. 

Description of the Disease 

Usually the first observed indications of the disease are the rather 


large, dark green, water-soaked spots on the leaves (Fig. 1, A). 
These areas are conspicuous in early morning or after any period of 
moist weather. A few hours of even ordinary dry weather cause a 
large part or even all of these areas to disappear, leaving only small, 
yellowish-green spots. With a renewal of moist conditions, the 
dark, water-soaked areas reappear. 

Streaks 1 to 6 inches long of fairly uniform wjidth and large, 
irregular spots are common (Fig. 2). In early stages these vary in 
size and shape with alterations in atmospheric humidity. 

Lesions occur on all parts of the leaves above the extreme base, 
but they are most frequently found on the margins. Tiny, pale 
spots, at first visible on one side only, enlarge, become translucent, 
and extend through the leaf. In a dry, or even moderately dry 
atmosphere the spots increase in size slowly or not at all and the 
water-soaked margins are lacking. In such cases the infection may 
be unnoticed or mistaken for the common leaf spot caused by Didy- 
mellina macrospora Kleb. The bacteria remain alive, though inac¬ 
tive, as long as the leaf lives, and, in any period of sufficient atmos¬ 
pheric humidity, they renew growth and produce the characteristic 
lesions. From large active lesions there is usually a considerable 
bacterial exudate, a drop sometimes forming at the lower edge of 
the spot. 

A micrcoscopic examination of the earliest visible lesions shows 
that the bacteria are restricted to a very small area in the center. 
The water-soaked margin is at first free from bacteria, but, later, 
they spread into all the surrounding tissues. Progress is most rapid 
along vascular tissues, resulting in the elongated streaks. The in¬ 
fected cells remain turgid for a considerable time if the atmosphere 
is moist and not too warm, but, eventually, the infected areas col¬ 
lapse and become thin and assume various shades of yellow or brown 
(Fig. 1, B). The rhizomes show no trace of infection. 


The bacteria taken directly from leaf lesions do not grow vigor¬ 
ously in artificial media. Four to 5, often 8 to 10 days, are required 
for the production of visible colonies in poured plates. Growth sel¬ 
dom occurs if the temperature is above 28° C., or if the agar surface 

128 ] 

Fig. 2. Iris bacterial leaf blight. Variety Magnifica. Inoculated 
May 27, 1936. These four leaves are from one plant. Photographed 

on June 8, 1936. X approximately 1. 

[29 1 

becomes somewhat dry. By selecting young lesions and providing 
favorable temperature and humidity conditions, pure cultures of 
the organism are easily obtained. A peculiarity noted in isolations 
made directly from the leaf is that only the thickly sown plates 
developed colonies. It seems that single, widely separated bacteria 
are unable to multiply in the new and more or less unfavorable en¬ 
vironment. If old lesions are used for isolating, the fast-growing 
secondary organisms, usually or often present, are very likely to 
develop and occupy the medium before the slow-growing parasite 
gets started. After several weeks in artificial media, the bacteria 
become better adapted to the new conditions and more rapid and 
abundant growth can be obtained. 


To test the pathogenicity of the bacteria isolated from the iris 
leaf lesions, iris plants were sprayed with a suspension of the bac¬ 
teria in water. The first test was on outdoor plants without any 
protection from heat and dryness. Infection was not apparent until 
more than 3 weeks after inoculation and then only as very small, 
yellow spots. Six weeks after inoculation, during a continued rainy 
period, a considerable amount of infection developed on these plants. 

Repeated experiments demonstrated that a moist atmosphere 
maintained for 5 to 6 days or more after inoculation was the chief 
external factor necessary for producing good infection and develop¬ 
ment of large lesions. Most of the tests were with potted plants, 
which could be kept constantly moist or at least protected from dry¬ 
ing by placing them under bell jars, in damp chambers, or covering 
with glassine bags. Under such conditions the infection often 
reaches a visible stage in 5 to 8 days, but sometimes 10 days or more 
elapse before there are definite signs of the disease. Once estab¬ 
lished in the tissues of the leaf and with the humid conditions con¬ 
tinued, the bacteria multiply rapidly and may blight whole leaves 
in a short time. 

Certain plants were inoculated and kept moist for only 2 or 3 
days. Small, pale yellow lesions without the water-soaked margins 
were first observed 4 weeks after inoculation. Other plants not kept 
in a moist atmosphere following their inoculation showed numerous 
small lesions in 6 to 8 weeks. Inoculated leaves often showed no 
visible sign of infection, but, as long as the leaves remained alive, 
exposure to moisture for several days would cause the development 
of typical lesions. 

[ 30 ] 

Evidently, infection, or perhaps mere entrance of bacteria to the 
interior of the leaf, occurs very readily; but, unless conditions are 
favorable, the bacteria may remain quiescent for considerable pe¬ 
riods of time, producing visible symptoms only when suitable con¬ 
ditions arise. 

Wounding the leaves by pricking with fine needles or by bruising 
was found not only unnecessary but often detrimental to infection 
because, under average conditions, the tissues around even tiny 
wounds became too dry for bacterial invasion, and, under humid 
conditions, soft-rot organisms often attacked the injured places. 

Injection of the bacteria into iris leaves with a hypodermic needle 
did not produce any visible symptoms of disease in the few plants 

All visibly infected leaves may be removed from a plant, but 
those remaining are very likely to develop infection. When all 
leaves were removed, infection did not appear on those subsequently 

Iris flowers were inoculated by spraying with bacteria in water 
without producing airg sign of disease before the flowers faded. 

Inoculated rhizomes never became infected. 

Infection was secured on all of the bearded irises inoculated (Lent 
A. Williamson, Crimson King, Miranda, Magnifica, Afterglow, Dal- 
matica, Mother of Pearl, Edouard Michel, and several unknown 

Several other species (Iris kaempferi, 1. missouriensis, 1 sibirica, 
I. tenax and I. orientalis ) showed typical infections 10 to 18 days 
after inoculation. Two varieties of bulbous iris (I. xiphium X) and 
ixias failed to show infection, while parallel inoculations on bearded 
iris produced typical lesions. The blackberry lily ( Belamcancla 
sp.) became infected. 

The numerous, small, isolated lesions usual in the slowly develop¬ 
ing infections suggest stomatal invasion, and stained sections of 
leaves in early stages of infection show that the bacteria spread 
from the stomatal chamber, first, horizontally through the inter¬ 
cellular spaces to the opposite surface of the leaf and then, longi¬ 
tudinally up and down the leaf. In these sections the epidermis 
was intact over rather large areas of infection. 


The bacteria are smaller than the average plant pathogens. When 
taken directly from leaf lesions, single rods are 0.8 to 1.8 y long and 

[31 ] 

0.3 and 0.4 /x wide. From well-grown artificial cultures they are 
slightly larger, 1.0 to 2.0 /x long and 0.3 to 0.5 /x wide. The bacteria 
are motile by means of a single polar flagellum, 1% to 4 times as 
long as the rod. Capsules are very inconspicuous or lacking. No 
spores or involution forms have been observed. The bacteria are 
Gram-negative and are not acid-fast. The writer found these bac¬ 
teria unusually difficult to stain. All the usual stains and methods 
were tried, but the slightest washing, even with water, removed 
much or all of the color. 

Cultural Characters 

On beef-infusion, 4 peptone-agar plates the colonies are yellow 
(Mustard Yellow Ridg.), 5 circular, entire, smooth; striated interior 
markings, sometimes homogeneous, transparent, and viscid. Growth 
is slow. Colonies are usually less than 1 mm. in diameter in 4 to 6 
days after inoculating plates in the usual poured-plate method. 
Well-separated colonies sometimes reach a diameter of 5 to 6 mm. 
in 3 weeks. On beef agar slants, growth is only moderate. Cloud¬ 
ing is thin in beef broth and growth is mostly at the surface in the 
form of yellow pellicles and rims. Beef agar plus 0.2 per cent starch 
is a favorable medium for the organism. In all the beef-infusion 
cultures, numerous, tiny crystals form and the growth is extremely 
viscid, even tough and difficult to remove from the agar surface. 
This viscidity gradually disappears when cultures are 4 to 6 weeks 
old. In beef-extract agar and broth the growth is even less than in 
the beef-infusion media and it shows no trace of viscidity. 

If the surface of the agar remains moist and the temperature 
favorable, growth develops as a smooth, thin, continuous layer. 
Under less favorable conditions, growth develops, if at all, as tiny, 
isolated colonies. 

On potato there is a slight to moderate growth. Milk is com¬ 
pletely peptonized in 15 to 20 days. Litmus in milk is not reduced 
but becomes dark blue. Methylene blue in milk is slowly reduced. 
In Fermi’s and in Uschinsky’s solutions growth is very slight. In 
Cohn’s solution there is no growth. 

The addition of 1 to 2 per cent of sodium chloride to beef broth 
greatly reduces growth and 3 per cent prevents growth. 

In beef gelatin there is moderate growth but no liquefaction. 

In blood serum, very scanty growth and no liquefaction. 

4 Beef infusion was used in all the beef media unless otherwise stated. 

B Ridgwav, R. Color standards and color nomenclature, 53 plates. (Washington.) 

[32 1 

Bacterial leaf blight. Typical fascicle of leaves. 

[33 1 

Starch is moderately hydrolyzed. 

Nitrate reduction is positive, varying from a weak to a moderate 
reaction in the several isolates tested. 

Ammonia and hydrogen sulphide are produced in small amounts. 

All tests for indol were negative, though the bacteria grew well 
in peptone solution and also in tryptophane solution. 

In synthetic media recommended in the Manual of Methods 6 plus 
various carbohydrates, growth and reactions were so slight or lack¬ 
ing that no conclusions regarding fermentation were warranted. In 
beef extract plus carbohydrates, growth was scanty to abundant. 
This medium plus 1 per cent glycerine produced abundant, strong 
yellow growth; with dextrose the growth was considerably less, only 
a pale yellow film on the slants with somewhat thicker and deeper 
yellow in the V. With sucrose and lactose still less growth devel¬ 
oped than in the dextrose. At no time was there any indication of 
acicl formation (Brom cresol purple was used as the indicator). 
Repetitions of these tests gave the same results. 

The optimum pH range for growth in beef media is 6.5 to 7.5 
(growth is perhaps slightly better at 7.5 than at 7.00). Growth is 
slight at 5.0 and at 8.0. 

The minimum temperature for growth is 5° C. or lower (growth 
is visible in 8 days at 5° C.). The maximum temperature is 32°; 
the optimum 26° to 27° ; the thermal death point is 44° to 46°. 
Growth occurred only rarely at 32° ; not always at 31°, and even at 
30° growth was slow, scanty and erratic. Cultures that failed to 
grow in 10 to 20 days at 31°, 32° or 33° would sometimes produce 
growth after removal to room temperature. But no growth occurred 
after 10 to 14 days at 34° or 35° C. 

Beef-agar cultures and also sterile sand and garden soil to which 
broth cultures were added were stored at —17.8° to -—20° C. Trans¬ 
fers made at intervals up to 17 months showed the bacteria alive 
and vigorous. Iris plants (bearded types) were typically infected 
with transfers from these long-frozen cultures. 

Drops of beef broth cultures were dried on cover glasses at 27° C. 
Tests showed that vitality was retained for 5 to 6 days. Occasional 
growth occurred later but none after 10 days’ desiccation. 

Exposure to direct sunlight kills the organism in 5 minutes or 

6 Sooiety of American Bacteriologists. Committee on bacteriological technique. Man¬ 
ual of methods for pure culture of bacteria (loose leaf). The Society, Geneva, N. Y., 
1923 to date. 

[ 34 ] 

Technical Description 

Bacterium tardicrescens 

Short rods, solitary or in short chains; cells 0.8 to 1.8 u long by 0.3 to 0.4 u 
wide, or somewhat larger in well-established cultures. Motile by means of a 
single polar flagellum, l 1 /^ to 4 times the length of the cell; not conspicuously 
capsulated. Aerobic; Gram negative; not acid-fast. 

On nutrient agar, colonies are slow-growing, circular, flat, smooth, transpar¬ 
ent, yellow; beef broth slightly clouded but with moderate yellow pellicle and 
rim. Gelatin is not liquefied; nitrates are reduced; starch is moderately di¬ 
gested; milk is peptonized; no indol is formed; ammonia and hydrogen sulphide 
are formed in moderate amounts. Optimum temperature for growth, 26° to 27° 
C., maximum 32°, minimum 5° or lower; thermal death point, 44° to 46°. 
Sensitive to desiccation and to sunlight, but resists freezing for long periods. 

The bacteria do not stain easily or well with the usual bacteriological stains. 

Pathogenic to Iris geruianica and various other species and varieties of 
bearded iris. Also to I. sibirica, I. cristata, I. missouriensis, I. tcaempferi, 
I. tenax, I. orientalis and Belarncanda sp. (Blackberry lily). Producing leaf 
lesions of considerable size. 

Specimens of diseased iris leaves have been deposited in the mycological col¬ 
lection of the Bureau of Plant Industry. 


A bacterial leaf blight of iris, now known to occur in a number 
of localities from Alabama to Massachusetts, is described. The most 
conspicuous symptom of the disease is the occurrence on the leaves 
of water-soaked areas, mostly as elongated streaks, which later col¬ 
lapse and become either dry or soft rotted, depending on the amount 
of atmospheric moisture. Rhizomes are not affected. Infection pro¬ 
gresses slowly, except in periods of rather moist weather; but the 
organism survives in the leaf tissues and renews activity whenever 
favorable conditions arise. Pathogenicity of the organism isolated 
from diseased iris was proved by artificial inoculations, which are 
easily effected by spraying healthy leaves with water containing the 
parasite. The organism has but slight resistance to desiccation and 
to sunlight, but it is quite resistant to low temperatures. Clean cul¬ 
ture and exposure of the soil to sun and drying conditions and 
removal of all leaves in late fall or winter would probably aid con¬ 
siderably or prevent infections that most likely arise from bacteria 
that have overwintered in the soil or in old infected leaves. 

Many, perhaps all, of the bearded irises are susceptible to this 
disease. Iris cristata is susceptible, 7. sibirica, I. missouriensis, 
1. kaempferi, I. tenax, I. orientalis and Belamcanda sp. (Blackberry 
lily) became infected following artificial inoculation. 

Cultural characters and a technical description of the causal 
organism are given. 

[ 35 ] 


Chas. E. F. Gersdorff 

■ These notes were made as highlights of my trip south and west, 
spring of 1939. During this trip I rated a great many iris, but 
made descriptive notes on only those that were most outstanding or 
for some reason failed to impress me as worthy of some of the nice 
things said about them by others. 

Bridal Veil (Mit.)—Not finding any evidence of the fault ascribed 
to it by the introducer, I could not rate this fine white under 91. 
Browngrey Blend (Weed)—This has size, form, substance and 
height, but a color that, though clear, somehow does not register 
in a pleasurable way—its branching all at top of stalk of such 
lengths as to bring all the bloom to same level, its most serious 
fault. 75. 

Blue Spire (Milliken)—I found this indeed a stately well formed 
medium blue. 89. 

Brown Thrasher (Kirk.)—Good form and substance, a rich golden 
chocolate bicolor which should attain more height when estab¬ 

Burnished Gold (Kirk.)—This is a very deep smooth yellow with 
deep orange beard; one of our finest. 90. 

Cellophane (Wash.)—Though a large flower, tail stalk, fine in 
every way, its color is the strong point with me, a pearly light 
blue lavender. 85. 

Cherokee Red (Grant)—This is as red as Christabel and Soldano, 
but there the resemblance ends, as the haft of falls are nearly 
solidly colored, making a richer garden effect of brilliant red; 
form and stalk fine. 88. 

China Maid (Milliken)—This soft pastel pink blend at a distance 
becomes a soft salmon pink; large, nicely formed, well branched, 
of fine substance. 86. 

Chocolate Brown (Kirk.)—This light chocolate brown self in its 
first season’s bloom made a hit with all who saw it. 

Copper Crystal (AVash.)—Coppery brown red in effect. A most 
desirable addition to our new color in iris. 92. 

Destiny (Burgess)—A New Zealander which should remain with 

[36 1 

us for some time to come, as it is most outstanding in quality, 
noteworthy particularly for richness of entire flower. 90. 

Dubrovnik (Wmsn.)—An outstanding copper red self of fine sub¬ 
stance and form. 89. 

E. B. Williamson (Cook)—This is another coppery red self of fine 
form and substance, its effect entirely different from preceding. 
86 . 

Elkhart (Lap.)—This is a very good red of substance. As seen in 
the South, the general impression was that it could be better 
branched; others thought it not needed; personally I liked it well 
enough to be glad that I have it. 85. 

Ever Gay (Kirk.)—S. are copper tan, the falls a medium copper 
red; large fine form, good branching and free in bloom with a 
most apt name. 84. 

Exclusive (Grant)—All I had to do to get a “rise” out of other 
jud ges was to exclaim “what is so extraordinary in this one?” 
It is one of our best blues. 90. 

Fair Elaine (Mit.)— Fine. Richer coloring in falls than in Golden 
Treasure; thought by some to be an improvement over latter but 
is to me more a bicolor, so there is room for both. 84. 

Far West (Klein.)—Well branched, tall, fine large heavy sub- 
stanced blooms and a better and richer color than Browngrey 
Blend. 85. 

French Maid (Grant)—A pinker richer and infinitely finer Quaker 
Lady of large size, fine form and substance. 85. 

Glen Ellen (Conn.; Williams-T.A.)—Large, well formed, nicely 
branched luminous golden tan blend. 90. 

Golden Bear (Mit.)—This is one of our deepest yellows, broadly 
segmented flowers of fine form and substance; not, however, as 
clearly yellow as Jelloway; yet withal very desirable. 89. 87. 

Golden Majesty (Salbach)—Excellent ; very rich deep even yel¬ 
low ; broad segments; large; heavy substance. 88. 

Great Lakes (Cousins)—A very blue of medium light tone in an 
almost perfect flower on beautiful stalks. 90. 

Jelloway (Parker)—In two gardens in Nashville, stock of each 
from the originator, the two clumps caused much furore because 
they seemed not the same variety. In one garden it showed the 
faults credited to it, a bit too soft and a bit too narrow in the 
falls; while in the other all segments were broad, and substance 
almost all that could be desired. In my estimation this varia¬ 
bility must be due to one or more of several factors—type of soil 

and the fertilizer given. In both clumps the stalks were tall, 
flowers large, on nice branching, and the color fine, clearest of all 
the yellows. 87 ; 90. 

Lady Dimples (Wash.)—This is a delightful pink and yellow bi¬ 
color of good substance. 84. 

La Feria (Williams-T.A.)—A very large and tall Quaker Lady 
type that continues to please me for its fine growth and bloom. 87. 

Michelangelo (Weed)—Aside from a large flower of fine form 
and substance so branched as to throw most of the flowers near 
top of stalk, and a unique color, this did not impress me. Maybe 
when established it will be better. 82. 

Midwest Gem (H. P. Sass)—One of the very best from anywhere; 
a beautiful blend of apricot yellow T and delicate pink. 87. 

Miss California (Salbach)—Concede it size, fine form and sub¬ 
stance on a well branched stalk of height, it is not a pink, or at 
least not as pink as Pink Satin—I would call it a pinky lilac bi¬ 
color. Forgetting the claim of pink, it is a fine variety. 85. 

Moonglo (Wmsn.)—A most lovely golden tan blend, fine wherever 
seen. 88; 84. 

Moonlight Shadows (Grant)—Large, fine form, good branching, 
a delicately beautiful flower in white with delicate blue shadows. 

Mount Cloud (Milliken)—Some judges have said “Milliken’s 
best.” It is truly a fine white of heavy substance and well 
branched. 88; 87. 

No. 2-26-C (G. Douglas)—Large, tall, well branched, a deeper, 
richer Largo. 90. 

No. 2-26-D (G. Douglas)—S cream yellow, F white edged cream 
yellow; of good size, substance, and tall stalks. 90. 

No. 2-101-A (G. Douglas)—This is a fine yellow bicolor, tall, well 
branched, not a variegata. 88. 

No. 38-42 (Hall-D.)—S cream, F cream to cream yellow, of fine 
form and substance. 87. 

No. 39-1 (Nesmith)—This has been tentatively named “Melitza” 
by the author, but by this time the breeder may have decided 
upon another name for this unusually colored beauty. Only of 
good size, tall, well branched, and fine substance, the color fol¬ 
lows : 8 pinked ivory, F ivory overflushed pinkish cinnamon, hafts 
pale olive reticulated cinnamon and old gold; beard tangerine. 90. 

Piute (Thomas-Thorup)—Very red in its effect of medium but 
rich copper red self; only medium in size; very desirable. 84. 

[ 38 ] 

Rebellion (Klein.)—A vivid deep red bicolor of size, substance 
and branching'. 93. 

Rose Violet (Kirk.)—A lovely color; of fine form and substance, 
well branched, very fragrant. 90. 

Royal Coach (H. P. Sass)—This is the best to date of the all yel¬ 
low large plicatas. 86 ; 90. 

Russet Gown (Williams-T.A.)—I cleave to my early opinion of 
this fine buff and brown bicolor. 90. 

Siegfried (IT. P. Sass) 90.—This was my favorite of the large yel¬ 
low ground plicatas marked with purple and brown; while others 
preferred Orloff, 86. Eventually we will have these of the same 
size and quality in tall well branched varieties. 

Snowqualmie (Brehm)—One of if not our finest creams, large, 
well branched, of heaviest substance. 86. 

Sonny Boy (Kirk.)—A brighter and much improved King Midas. 

Spring Prom (Hall-D.)—An exquisite primrose yellow with all the 
qualities that go to make a fine iris in our large tall ones. 93. 

Song of Gold (Essig)—It is becoming difficult to pick the best of 
all the recent fine yellows of height and size. This is another 
beauty and the best I can do is to say that compared with my 
other selections it appeals as sufficiently different in its tone of 
yellow to merit a place in the same garden. 90; 87. 

Stella Polaris (Smith-K.)—This is very large, about the largest 
yet, tall, well branched, the flowers of fine form and heavy sub¬ 
stance—a blue white of frosty crispness. 93. 

Sundust (Wash.)—A brilliant yellow of fine substance, size and 
branching. 90; 85. 

Tintourmaline (Wrhm.)— An effective early, free, pink toned 
blend with the yellow present not of dominant character; large, 
tall, well branched, fine form and substance. 87. 

Treasure Island (Klein.)—A fleckless rich clear yellow, tall, well 
branched, large and of heavy susbtance. 86. 

Wabash (Wmsn.)—Our largest and best arnoena on well branched 
tall stalks. 95. 

AVaverly (Williams-T.A.)—One of our finest clear light blues of 
large size, fine substance, free blooming, on tall well branched 
stalks. 87. 


Wild Iris in Maine 

■ There are three wild iris species listed for Maine, the best known 
being the Bine Flag (/. versicolor), the others the Cnbeseed or 
Slender Leaved Iris (I. prismatica) and the Canada Iris (/. setosa 
canadense). All of these are quite easily grown and make very 
attractive plantings in the wild garden. 

Iris versicolor is a strong tall plant, 12 to 18 inches, blossoming 
from mid-May well into June. The true petals are slender and only 
about two inches tall, but the falls are showy, varying greatly in 
color from delicate pale lavender to rich dark purple; they are 
beautifully veined, with white centers and brilliant yellow throats. 
Although this is a plant of wet meadows in the wild, it will adapt 
itself to the garden if given moderate moisture and care while 
establishing itself. 

The smaller Iris setosa canadense makes similar compact clumps 
of dark foliage, only 8 inches or so tall, the blossom stalks held just 
above the leaves, with two to four buds. The blossoms in June are 
quite uniformly dark purple on my plants, the falls rounded in 
shape, veined with deeper purple, the throat white. One clump in 
my garden last spring produced several blossoms of four petals and 
falls, very evenly spaced. This little iris is a form of the Iris setosa 
of Siberia, and has another slightly different form in Alaska. In 
Canada it is reported to have crossed readily with Iris versicolor. 
This species is dainty enough to use in the rock garden, growing 
and spreading happily in a warm gravelly spot. A charming com¬ 
panion is Phlox reptans, allowed to root at will around the Iris 
clumps, whose dark foliage is a perfect background for the rosy 
pink blossoms in May. 

Iris prismatica has much lighter green leaves, very slender and 
grass-like, about a foot tall. The blossoms are held slightly taller, 
and vary in tone like the Blue Flag, from light lilac to dark purple, 
also daintily veined with white, the throats yellow. These blossoms 
are small and delicate in appearance, and seem almost to be flutter¬ 
ing above the plants, unattached to anything so prosaic as stems! 
The blossoming period is a little later than that of Iris versicolor 
and Iris setosa canadense, and lasts well through June. This is 
also a plant of wet spots but seems perfectly adaptable to the 

r 40 ] 

average garden, and spreads almost too rapidly for a small place. 
A clump of Iris prismatica behind a mass of Eriophylliim caespi- 
tosum (Oregon Sunshine), with gray and green foliage and bril¬ 
liant golden daisies, is a very colorful picture. 

Mrs. Edward M. Babb 
213 Lambert Street 
Portland, Maine. 

From Ohio 

I have a nice collection of dwarfs and seedlings. Spnrias in best 
varieties. Tall bearded in full color range. 

Frost here this spring did great damage. First buds were either 
like parchment or a soft mushy mass. First blossoms were frosted 
so that on opening looked like large Dutch types of bloom. 

Fall blooming sorts did not bloom in spring or fall. 

One large clump of dwarf Keepsake and one of Tampa bloomed 
very freely. Plants were divided and planted. Made rapid growth. 
October 26th two of Keepsake had blossoms. Was a grand surprise 
to come upon them. They’re such lovely little things in springtime, 
seemed so much more than one conld hope for this fall. 

Last year Titania bloomed for me in the fall but its springtime 
blooms were few. 

Thought you might like to know about Keepsake. 

Gertrude M. Ross 

Fall Blooming Irises, New York 

During the fall of 1938 the fall blooming varieties did very well 
in my garden in New York City. This is partially due, no doubt, 
to the mild autumn but also in part to the number of new fine 
varieties which have come to the front in the past few years. On 
November 14th the following were in blossom at the same time. 
Some of these were still in blossom a few days later: Autumn Haze, 
Ultra, Lt. Chavagnac, King Junior, Jean Siret, Southland, Equinox, 
Autumn King, Eleanor Roosevelt, Autumn Queen, and Sangreal. 

Of these varieties, Autumn Haze and Southland were especially 
prolific bloomers. Southland is a beautiful yellow. Autumn Haze 
proved to be the largest fall blooming iris I have ever seen. The 
stalks are taller and the flower larger. Lt. Chavagnac has for sev¬ 
eral seasons proved the most frequent intermittent bloomer of the 
whole lot. Autumn Queen and Eleanor Roosevelt again proved 

[ 41 ] 

their reliability. The new variety, Sangreal, is another fine yellow 
and gives good promise for reliability in this section. 

ATrgil V. Johnson 

From London, Ontario 

I noticed several blooms of 7. reticulata in my garden this morn¬ 
ing. This little beauty starts the iris parade for 1939. Remember¬ 
ing all too well the ruinous weather conditions of last year about 
blooming time, I am wishing for something better this season. On 
May the 19th, 1938, almost a quarter of an inch of rain fell, fol¬ 
lowed that night by a drop in temperature to 22 degrees F. Then 
on the night of May 12th by a further dip to 20 degrees F. These 
frosts practically ruined the blooming of many of my best varieties. 
On a large clump of Purissima only one deformed flower survived. 
Thais fared no better and a clump of Zuni with 10 or more stems 
loaded with buds was frozen completely out. Between 200 and 300 
seedlings planted on slightly lower ground suffered severely. When 
one waits 2 years to see how the seedlings will turn out, and then to 
have the weather man crack down like that, it certainly is a crush¬ 
ing disappointment not soon forgotten. 

I suffered an injury to my right elbow last week in May and be¬ 
lieve me I had some time getting iris ready for our show with my 
right elbow in a plaster cast. All the Iris I exhibited opened the 
morning of the show; heavy rain spoiled all others the day before. 
I stood looking out the window of my home on Sunday, June 5th, 
1938, during a heavy rain and hail storm and saw a clump of San 
Francisco and several other varieties stripped of every standard and 
fall. This storm just about completed destruction of all varieties 
that the frosts had not damaged. Our local Iris Exhibition was 
held on June 3rd and 4th. The Committee were severely handi¬ 
capped for space. So numerous were the entries in several of the 
various sections that the blooms were placed 3 and 4 deep on tables 
a couple of feet wide, against the wall. This crowded condition 
failed to exhibit many hundred beautiful varieties to best advan¬ 
tage. In class 24, Section C, “Specimen stalks of Iris Seedlings 1 
to 5 stalks each,” Mr. Lyman W. Cousins took 1st prize with a 
beautiful light blue seedling, Great Lakes, which I understand has 
been purchased and is being offered for sale by Cooley’s Gardens, 
Silverton, Oregon. This is one of the most beautiful light blue iris 
in form and substance that I have ever seen. After many years of 

[ 42 ] 

hard work Mr. Cousins had certainly given us an iris to be proud of; 
its hardiness cannot be disputed, being raised in our northern cli¬ 
mate. Mr. Cousins has the best wishes of all district hybridizers 
and iris fanciers. May this success spur him on to greater efforts 
in the future. Just why the winners’ names in most of the other 
classes were not published I have been unable to find out. The 
judges appointed for specimen blooms and collections were Dr. W. 
E. Saunders and Mr. Wm. Miles, regional representative of the 
A.I.S., Ingersoll, Ont. Mr. Miles was unable to attend the show, 
being fully occupied with his work at the Groff estate, Simcoe. So 
the judging was left to our genial Dr. Saunders, who worked his 
way through the maze of exhibits in his usual capable manner. The 
judges for the arrangement classes were Miss Eva Bradshaw and 
Mr. Clare Bice. Mrs. Wm. Snell was in charge of arrangement of 
the show and executed the duties very efficiently with the limited 
space placed at her disposal. The reception Committee composed 
of Mrs. J. F. Calvert, Mrs. J. Baton and Miss H. Barbour had a 
smile and a cheerful word of greeting for exhibitors and visitors 
alike. We had a grand show, thanks to the hard work of the vari¬ 
ous committees. 

In the passing away of Dr. F. G. Brethour of 60 Woodlawn A\^e., 
Toronto, Ont., in January this year, Canadian horticulture has lost 
a lifetime worker in the promotion of new and better varieties of 
flowers. And I have lost a valuable friend. Although his greatest 
hobby was the peony, the Doctor was keenly interested in iris and 
created many fine hybrids for us to enjoy. I placed one of Dr. 
Brethour’s seedlings in the iris shoAv last year; it was named Har¬ 
wood, a rather low grower 24 inches, colour a self dark purple, 
almost black. It was very attractive with the result that my stock 
for last year was soon disposed of. My last communication with the 
Doctor was on June 28th, 1938. I was telling him what a poor 
grower and bloomer iris W. R. Dykes had been for me. This is what 
the Doctor said: “ I also found W. R. Dykes a bad investment, as I 
bought 10 rhizomes at $10.00 each and have now a big stock which 
I would be glad to sell at 50c. However, I have had several fine 
seedlings from it and they are stronger growers and do not show 
any markings, or very, very little. If you would like some W. R. 
Dykes I will gladly send you some gratis. ’ ’ A month later I ordered 
some iris from the Doctor and when they arrived I found he had 
also sent me 6 large rhizomes of W. R. Dykes. 

Alexander M. Ross 

[ 43 ] 

Region 11 Replies in Part to Region 9 

Now in regard to Dr. Cook’s Questionnaire, and I hope this re¬ 
gion, and for that matter all, will copy the idea; it is tremendously 
helpful, but I think some of the erroneous ideas should be com¬ 

P. 11—I believe in just covering the rhizome, but that soil will 
wash off in heavy rains like last summer, and it does not seem to 
make much difference, as the rhizome eventually works out anyway; 
hilling up is good, especially in late plantings; but in the winter of 
1937 and 1938, weather conditions were such that the extra soil 
remained a little too late, and there was a slight tendency to rot; it 
did bring through the late plantings in fine shape; I have seen 
somewhere, perhaps the “Flower Grower” that hilling up around 
the roots of a plant that had one flower stock and no offsets, induced 
the plant to put out new flower stocks for next year; otherwise the 
plant disappeared; I shall try that another year. It also increased 
general growth and size. 

P. 14—Courtesy and Frankness—Some refuse to rate what they 
dislike, and I think that it is all wrong, and unfair: they should tell 
why they think it poor. 

Most catalogues can be depended on, if you make allowance for 
anxiety to put best foot forward, and realize that every one sees 
differently; you must make allowance for the individual judgment; 
instead of only one or two good ones, there are only one or two un¬ 
reliable ones. 

I cannot rate on a snapshot basis; I have to take each charac¬ 
teristic by itself and add up the total; the result is sometime em¬ 
barrassing, but when a crowd of competent judges, judge indepen¬ 
dently, and their results differ so little, it does not seem to me that 
they are far off; if there is one thing that I loathe, it is the unfair 
rater, who jumps on an iris and sends it down to the depths; I 
would far rather give it another chance, and err the other way; I 
have seen a brace of judges look at an iris that other good compe¬ 
tent iris growers, without prejudice either way, have pronounced 
good, T have seen them pronounce it no good with disdain; one low 
rating does such a deal of damage; it is unfair to the iris, the 
breeder, and the introducer; and as for the person that has risked 
buying unseen, if he is not willing to take the chance, let him pass 
it up, until he can see it, if he cannot be a sport; how many irises 
would ever be distributed if they had to be seen first; my garden is 
much richer for the chances that T have taken; we have various 

[ 44 ] 

catalogues; we do not have to tie up to one; compare what they all 
say, and then use your best judgment. I seem to have blown up. 

I believe that the older irises should continue to be rated; it is 
hard on new members not to have the rating, for many of them will 
buy the older ones at first; but of course there are some that must 
be omitted. 

P. 15—Air all the criticism possible; it will help to correct things 
that have been overlooked, and steady the rating. 

I do not see how registration can be limited, except by a fee; that 
would make many breeders revalue before registering, but one can¬ 
not save a name without it; and if you have originated a good name 
for your iris you would like to hold on to it until you know how the 
iris will turn out; perhaps the registrations need not be published 
immediately, or until the iris has been tested sufficientlv, but if an 
iris remains the necessary time in the trial ground, to really see 
what it will do under various circumstances, it will take an enor¬ 
mous number of rhizomes to spread it around in all the sections, 
and by the time anything has really been found out there will be so 
many that the initial price will have dropped to a very small sum; 
very nice for the buyers, but hard on the breeders who have spent 
many hours and much money to bring it to perfection; I do not like 
the high initial prices any better than anyone, but at best the price 
drops quickly enough, if it is a good increaser, and T do sympathize 
with those that have labored and watched over them. Do the Trials 
at Wislev prevent registration? Are they not selected at a Show, 
if they seem promising, and does not the sale of them go on just the 
same? Of course Wisley approval gives them a boost. I am not 
complaining about these criticisms; I love them; they will do a lot 
of good; but when they talk of conferences between Iris Dealers’ 
association and A.I.S., I should like to listen in; could it be a nation¬ 
wide broadcast, think you? 

Read and ponder; it is necessarily superficial without due 
thought. If there is any sense in it anywhere use it as you wish; 
otherwise tear up. 

From California 

During the past three years I have accumulated a collection of 
some 114 varieties with a number more ordered this year. Starting 
this summer I must start that weeding out process which seems to 
be an integral part of iris growing. Some of the old varieties have 

[ 45 ] 

certain charm, but this greatly diminishes when one sees more and 
more of the newer introductions. One old favorite that I cannot 
throw out though is Madame Gaudichau, for this was one of the 
most admired clumps in my garden, and I consider it better than 
many varieties that were introduced years later, although of course 
many more recent introductions have surpassed it. 

A few observations about some of the blossoms in my own collec- 

tion are as follows. The two stateliest iris were perhaps Depute 

Nomblot and Winneshiek, both of these having very handsome stalks 

of blooms. Rubeo, Purissima, and Rameses were perhaps the most 

striking, as all three were very tall and had a large number of fine 

blooms. Druid, having a different coloring from most irises, was 

one of my favorites. Another of the older varieties of which very 
«/ «/ 

little seems to be heard is Blue Torch; however, in my garden it 
bloomed magnificently, and I really rate it along with some of the 
newer ones; it along with Crown Prince are the only two irises 
which remain in bloom at present. Shah Jehan has beautiful col¬ 
oring, but with a one year plant it had rather short stems and small 
blooms. My biggest disappointment I believe was in King Juba, for 
the bloom it sent forth here certainly would not warrant it a place 
among Schreiner’s “100 Best Iris,” a rating I see it still maintains 
this year. However, I have seen it in other gardens and it always 
attracts my attention, so I’m hoping for better results from it next 
year as it too is only a one year plant. 

I have visited several other gardens this spring, and the beauty 
of some of the new and recent originations is hard to imagine with¬ 
out the blooms before you. The ones that stand out in my mind are 
these: Bermuda Sands, one that ranks about tops of any iris I’ve 
seen, Frank Adams, a huge flower in the colors to which I am par¬ 
tial, California Gold, which I am glad to say I have an order in for, 
and Junaluska, which likewise I will have added to my collection 
by next spring, Eclador, Radiant, Roseland, Golden Bear, Golden 
Amber, Portland, and last but by no means least Prof. Mitchell’s 
new beauty Fair Elaine. Some day I hope to have these and many 
others of like caliber in my collection. 

For the past three springs I have done a little hybridizing and 
although when I started I knew hardly anything about it, both suc¬ 
ceeding seasons I have learned much, and now try to put some 
thought into my crosses. I have 137 seedlings, four of which have 
bloomed, all very early for the tall bearded group, and one with 
possible use for future crossing. This year my take was 52%, but I 

[ 46 ] 

am giacl to see that some of my best crosses are producing very large 
seed pods, one cross Purissima X Alta California producing a very 
fat pod already three inches long. As I am very novice at hybridiz¬ 
ing I hope to learn much from the A.I.S. I would welcome letters 
from any members who may care to write, and while I don’t know 
very much as vet about this very interesting subject I will try to do 
my best to make my answers interesting. 

John J. Barlow 

From Idaho 

But we do have iris in all sections of the state and Caldwell stages 
an iris show each year. Understand that one of my seedlings took 
first in that section or class, although I was unable to attend. This 
was entered by a party who had secured the plant from me the year 

Would like to inform “Iconoclast” that while he cannot “see” 
Raineses, he should remember that different climates and soils have 
much to do with colorings being clear. With us here, Rameses is 
very pink and yellow and grows about 48 inches tall if shaded from 
the hot afternoon sun. I note that in one list of exhibits in Bulle¬ 
tin No. 68 Zuni is listed as a blend. 

By no stretch of imagination could we call Zuni a blend as it 
grows here, but that is no reason it might not be a blend in other 
sections. To revert to “Iconoclast” again, he scorches the “bronze 
flush” on Alta California. With us here, that is exactly what it is. 

Noweta with me is a good seller, but have never been able to coax 
over 20 inches in height. 

As to the “overdrawn” iris descriptions—well, who can look in 
the heart of an iris and really find adequate words to describe the 
wonder of its beauty? 

If I had any criticism to offer, it would be the extremely high 
price that the newer things are introduced at and also the way 
growers discourage amateur breeders. 

When the writing bug bites a little harder, I shall send a message 
to amateur growers, like myself. Why not originate duplicates of 
Pink Satin, Vert Gal ant, Rebellion and others and enjoy the plea¬ 
sure of knowing “these are my own, even if duplicates.” 

Please pardon, I did not intend to write a book, but you know 
how an iris fan is. 

Mary F. Tharp 

From Idaho 

By this time you have probably confined my former communica- 
tions to the waste paper basket and have your desk cleared for fur¬ 
ther “torts and retorts.” 

On rereading’ “Taking Names for Iris Seedlings” by M. E. 
Douglas and past articles of similar nature, I wonder why Ave make 
so much commotion over why or what to name an iris, considering 
how soon an iris, however popular and deserving it may be, is soon 
forgotten in the excitement of something newer. 

However, w 7 e do and after due deliberation in considering this 
subject I would say first of all a name must be euphonious—that is 
pleasing and agreeable in sound and pronunciation. If you have an 
orderly mind it may have a meaning as well, always remembering 
that words or names have more significance in some localities than 
in others. For example, we note that A. J. Bliss states Citronella 
proved to be a very taking name. Now we do not know what sig¬ 
nificance they attach to Citronella in England, but we of the West 
would think of oil to keep mosquitoes from biting and we would 
have no special reverence for an iris named “Citronella.” Again, 
our own “Golden Idaho” and “Gem State” mean more to an Idaho 
iris fan than to anyone else. We see no reason to discourage names of 
people, if they are euphonious, such as Marian Lapham, Clara 
Noyes or Freda Mohr (although I do not care for the iris Freda 
Mohr particularly, would rather have China Rose or Dog Rose) — 
yet there would be no particular beauty in calling an iris John or 
Ida. There would be no particular beauty in calling an iris—well, 
say Baltimore, but call it Baltimore Belle and I’d sav vou had 
something there. 

When someone walks in your garden and a certain iris that has 
just opened stands out so distinctively that the visitor exclaims 
“Oh! Where did you get that lovelv swashbuckler?”—the name 
Swashbuckler sticks. The same with a lovely little blend that some¬ 
one called a “little sweetheart,” you naturally name it Chiquita— 
the one that is a “honey” to someone is your “Honeychile.” If 
you get what I mean! 

I have found that names that follow the trend of the day find 
much favor. “King Fish” after six vears is still one of our best 
sellers, so much so that no more stock will be available for at least 
another year; the same with “Mexicalii Rose.” Our “Madam X,” 
a cinnamon brown plicata of unknown origin (hence the “X”), is 
still going strong after seven years, so what’s in a name? Whether 

[ 48 ] 

you call it “Jerry” or “Gavel Del Aire,” 
it makes no odds. 

if it’s got what it takes, 

Mary F. Tharp 

From Washington 

In April Supplemental Bulletin Mr. Cooley included Mr. Luke 
Norton's and Alexander Maxwell’s Test Garden for visitors to see, 
and we certainly were surprise to see how far reaching the Iris Bul¬ 
letin really is; it is curious to note that we had lots of visitors that 
were not members of the Society, but their attention was called to 
see our garden by members who did take the Bulletin. 

Just a short sketch as to what Mr. Norton and myself are doing 
to further the interest in iris. Neither one of us plans to go into 
the iris business, but we do think the iris well worth stimulating 
growing, as anyone can grow iris, and we plan each year to add 
real new things to the test garden, and discard superceded varieties, 
and keep the test garden up to date. We welcome visitors, nothing 
is offered for sale, and new varieties are obtained by purchase or we 
trade surplus stock to a host of good iris fanciers for something they 
have that we do not have. 

We are trying to get our professional men to cross varieties in 
our gardens and produce some new things, and as you know this 
type of man goes after hobbies in a large way. 

We believe a series of test gardens like ours all over the country 
will stimulate iris interest, and as far as the fanciers are concerned, 
give them a place to go and see the newer things without running 
into some high pressure sales talk in the sales gardens. 

We believe to see these new creations will in itself be a big stimu¬ 
lus to have them in your garden or in mine. 

The Iris Society is a grand fraternity and I have lots of corre¬ 
spondence all over the country with real iris fanciers. 

Alexander Maxwell 

From Washington 

I have finally settled down for a couple of months, making this 
my headquarters for short trips. We have traveled about twelve 
thousand miles so far since we left. We stopped at Salbacli’s and 
Essig’s on the way up, but too early for iris. Saw a nice dark Dutch 
seedling at Salbach’s. Went down to Cooley’s last week and saw 
quite a few things I had not seen before. I like Dr. Kleinsorge’s 

r 491 

Treasure Island very much. In the Doctor’s garden the thing that 
I liked best was a pale blend about as dark as K. A T . Ayres but much 
better shape with more yellow, his No. 212. I think Cooley will in¬ 
troduce it. I also liked a white ground, better proportioned Mar- 
queta. Saw nothing startling at Weeds’. The pink they rave about 
shows about two feet of bare leg above the foliage. Saw City of 
Lincoln in Bob Schreiner’s field near Salem. I like it, for it is a 
real variegata. Nearly all of the dark things burned badly, as it 
was very hot, but Ethiop Queen, almost black, did not burn. Saw 
a very nice red that doesn’t burn at the De Forests. I think 
Coolev will take this one too. Yesterday we went to Seattle to 
Thole’s and George Brehm’s. I liked a yellow with Nomblot’s 
round falls—Purple Lake, a much richer Red Dominion, rounder 
falls and less veining. 

Brehm had some very fine things—a big Purissima X Bruno. 
White with haft edged yellow, very much substance and very fine. 

A smaller cool white with the blue not noticeable—very good. A 
medium sized, very smooth, well shaped medium-yellow. A better 
shaped, less veined (no brown) El Capitan, a reversed plicata, dark 
blue purple with white lines, and the finest big yellow I have ever 
seen ; fine shape, clear color, about as yellow as Golden Hind, vein¬ 
ing old gold and not prominent; tall with four branches, lower 
branch eighteen inches from the ground and as long, form open and 
of heavy substance; as big as Happy Days, but not as long for the 
falls; flare, flaring to drooping—Brehm’s No. 709. The color is the 
same all over the flower. Treasure Island is pale in center of the 
fall. I checked all the big yellows for flecking and the ones listed 
I saw in three or four gardens. These flecked: Dykes, of course, 
Happy Days, Sunol, Lady Paramount, Suntan, California Gold, 
Golden Bear, Alta California, Lucrezia Bori, Chosen (they say it’s 
not Dykes), Mrs. Silas Waters, Tasmania. But Dr. Kleinsorge had 
a half Dykes that looked exactly like it, only with better shape and 
stem that wasn’t flecked, although everything around it was. He 
told me Dykes and Wm. Mohr has mosaic and the foliage looks it. 

Ormohr is fine. I liked his brother which was bigger, but not 
branched. He has some seedlings of both about to bloom. Snow- 
king water streaks. Brehm’s Purissima white and his 709 are the 
tops in their colors. 

Will be back in the society work next year, as I probably will be 

settled somewhere. 

A. W. Mackenzie 

[ 50 ] 









































H. P. Sass 





Anna Gage 










































Blue Peter 






Blue Spire 


















Bridal Veil 






Bronze Nymph 












Brown Betty 






Burnished Gold 






Cafe Au Lait 












California Trek 






Calling Me 






Carved Ivorv 






Casque d ’Or 

J. Sass 











Champagne Glow 






Charlotte Millet 






Chestnut Hill 






China Clipper 






China Maid 
























[ 51 ] 





V otes 




J. Sass 











Copper Cacade 






Copper Crystal 






























Early Mass 






E. B. Williamson 

















7 t 

Elsa Sass 

H. P. Sass 





Ethelyn Kleitz 






Ethiop Queen 






Fair Elaine 












Frank Adams 






Franklin B. Mead 






French Maid 






Gallant Leader 






Garden Magic 






Gay Dawn 






Glen Ellen 






Golden Age 

J. Sass 





Golden Amber 






Golden Majesty 

Sal bach 





Good Cheer 






Great Lakes 






Hasse Oobea 












Indian Hills 






Janet Butler 







H. P. Sass 





Lady Priscilla 






La Feria 













J. Sass 











[ 52 ] 














Mati Hari 







J. Sass 






H. P. Sass 





May Day 






Mayling Soong 







War eh am 





Mello Moon 












Miss Aravilla 

II. P. Sass 





Miss California 






Miss Camelia 

H. P. Sass 





Mine. M. Lassaillv 







D. Hall 

















Morning Song 






Morocco Rose 












Mrs. Silas Waters 






Mrs. Willard Jaques 

J. Sass 





Mt. Washington 













J. Sass 


















H. P. Sass 












Thor up 






II. P. Sass 





Pearl Lustre 






Pearly Peaks 






Pied Piper 

Stahl man 





Pink Imperial 


















Prairie Sunset 

H. P. Sass 






T. A. Williams 











[ 53 ] 














Red Bonnet 

L. M. Gage 





Red Velvet 







War eh am 





Royal Coach 

H. P. Sass 
























H. P. Sass 

















Setting Sun 






Silent Waterfall 


















Snow Belle 






Snow Plume 












Song of Gold 






Sonny Boy 






Southern Glow 






Spring Cloud 






Spring Prom 






Spun Gold 






Stella Polaris 






Stonewall Jackson 


















Sunny South 


















The Bishop 






Thelma Jean 

Peck-A. E. 





Treasure Island 


















View Hallo 







T. A. Williams 





West Point 






[ 54 ] 

White Prince 






Wine Glory 







Winter Moon 






Wm. A. Setchell 






Yellow Jewel 













Grace Mohr 












Nada (Evansia Hy.) 






Honey (Int.) 






Some Love (Hyb.) 






Note: Twenty or more Judges’ ratings constitute a Permanent 
Judges’ Rating, subject to change by a Symposium rating only. 
The 1939 ratings do not include irises which in 1937 and 1938 re¬ 
ceived twenty or more Judges’ ratings. Flagrant ratings have not 
been included in the tabulation. 


AMIGO (Wmsn.)—No other iris comes within its class and it has 
class (Ill.). 

ANGELUS (Egelberg)—Unusual, distinctive, mauve blend, lus¬ 
cious at twilight (Ill.). 

ANSWER (White)—A large deep yellow of excellent form. Fine 
yellows are appearing in many hybridizers’ gardens but based on 
the performance of this one in Mr. White’s garden it must be 
placed in the topnotch class (Mass.). A splendid flaring yellow 
and a beauty (S. C.). 

APRICOT (Klein.)—Good color but poor substance (Ill.). 

ARETHUSA (Gage)—Clear daphne red self (Mass.). 

AT DAWNING (Kirk.)—Handsome and dainty pink bicolor, all 
good habits (Ill.). 

AZTEC COPPER (Kleinsorge)—An iris of distinction, blended 
stained copper (S. C.). 

BALLET GIRL (Sass-H.P.)—Fittingly named, needs part shade 
to bring out the ethereal color (Ill.). 

[55 1 

BELMONT (Williams-T.A.)—A good smooth dark blue with plen¬ 
ty of substance (Ala.). 

BEOTIE (Cay.)—A beauty in pastel blue. Someone called it ele¬ 
phant gray and that just about fixed it, but it’s stunning and has 
perfect form and most interesting color (Ill.). 

BEOWULF (Schreiner-R.)—Every breeder gets hundreds of these 
in his seedling patch (Ill.). 

BEVERLY (Lapham)—A very unusual but pleasing tone of pink. 
It was greatly admired in my garden (Ala.). 

BLUE SPIRE (Milliken)—A very fine addition to the light blue 
class. It has color, size, form and a well branched stalk (Mass.). 
Tall stunning iris in medium blue. One of the best (S. C.). 

BLLTE TRIUMPH (Grinter)—A second rate iris when compe¬ 
tition is good, but it far outdid the better ones in performance 
under bad conditions (Pa.). 

BOULI3ERADO (And.)—Wears well in two years’ acquaintance. 
Fine form and substance and the color seemed brighter this 
year (Pa.). 

BRONZED NYMPH (Parker-J.B.)—Really a veined blend, after 
the manner of Clara Noyes, but at a little distance it looks like a 
clear golden orange (Pa.). 

BRONZINO (Salbach)—A rich unusual iris. S. golden bronze, F. 
copper bronze (S. C.). 23 inches in one garden, well branched, 

in another 40 inches, large flowers bunched on top and too leggy 

BRUNHILDE (Salbach)—Gorgeous but a poor doer in the North 

BUCKSKIN (Ivleinsorge)—Tall, strong, a wonderful tan-colored 
iris (S. C.). 

BURNISHED GOLD (Kirk.)—A deep clear yellow to rave over 

CAFE AU LA IT (Graham-S.)— Dull, splotchy, streaked muddy 
gray. French coffee never was good (Ill.). 

CALIFORNIA GOLD (Mohr-Mit.) — Vastly superseded by any 
number of newer yellows (Ill.). 

CAROLINE BURR (Smith-K.)—Ivory white, blooms are extra 
large and have very fine finish (Tenn.). 

CARVED IVORY (Essig)— A success in England as well as Amer¬ 
ica. The name describes the iris (S. C.). 

CASTALIA (Wmsn.)—Not ballyhoo but clear light violet blue 
color and extremely free-blooming habits are pushing this iris to 

its rightful recognition. A wonderful “landscaper” (Ill.). 

CATHEDRAL DOME (Nesmith) — I rated this higher than 
“White Goddess” this 3 r ear. Both are fine (Mass.). 

CIIAMITA (Wmsn.)—A stunner in mahogany red (Ill.). 

CHAMPAGNE GLOW (Wash.)—A creamy iris of large size, fine 
form and poise, but a little dull and uninteresting in color (Pa.). 

CHEERIO (Ayres)—Its falls lead the parade in the “reddest” 
competition (Ill.). 

CHESTNUT HILL (Gage)—Fine size and form. Not a perfect 
self but bright and clear in effect (Pa.). 

CHINA MAID (Milliken)—A beautiful pink iris blended with 
sunlight (S. C.).* Elegant, ethereal, chameleon like in its variety 
of tones, depending on its environment. Best pink blend to date 
(Ill.). A large striking pink, a little coarse in texture, with dis¬ 
proportionately large falls and without the graceful ruffling of 
the color plate (Pa.). 

CHOSEN (White-C.G.)—A good light yellow but showing signs of 
fading to white in a hot sun (N. J.). Very variable in color in 
different sections of the country. Not very clear in color in 
the North and Midwest (Ill.). 

CITY OF LINCOLN (Sass-H.P.)—As I saw it this year it was 
“tops” among many fine varieties (Mass.). 

CLARIBEL (Sass-J.)—With Nassak the best and hardiest pli- 
eata for the North. Almost impossible to cut in rating on any 
score (Ill.). 

CL ARID AD (Mohr-Mit.)—One of the clearest blues in anyone’s 
garden. Better than Alimo (Ill.). 

COPPER PINK (Kellogg-W.M.)—A Rosy Wings seedling that is 
even more rosy than its parents. A very beautiful iris (Mass.). 

CRYSTAL BEAUTY (Sass-J.)—Good in landscape, but surpassed 
by many newer whites in form and substance (Ill.)- 

CYDNUS (Wal.)—Ten years old and none better in its color class. 
Its broad clear-cut margining on its lustrous deep violet falls is 
superb. All good habits (Ill.). 

Daphne (Tobie)—A delightful new daphne-red self (Mass.). A 
daphne-red self, richly proportioned and slightly crimped, semi- 
flaring falls. The haft is buff with daphne-red reticulations. 
Medium sized flower of fine form (Mass.). 

DEEP VELVET (Salbach)—A very deep purple self with red 
tone. There is a brightness to this deep colored iris that makes it 
most outstanding from a color standpoint (Mass.). 

[57 1 

DYMIA (Shuber)—This looks like the best dark blue self with 
blue beard. Richer than The Bishop and a better performer in a 
bad season than Brunhilde (Pa.). 

E. B. WILLIAMSON (Cook)—A shining coppery red iris, smooth 
finish and durable substance (S. C.). Magnificent. Deserves 
every bit of credit it receives (Ill.). 

ECLADOR (Cay.)—Another fine yellow with lasting color and 
good form (N. J.). Unusual form but not appealing to me. A 
bit temperamental (Ill.). 

ELIZABETH ANN (Lapham)—Close to a real pink with very lit¬ 
tle lavender in its makeup (Mass.). 

ELSA SASS (Sass-H. P.)—Worthy of her distinguished name. 
A splendid color break in a new tone of soft sulphur yellow. 
Enamelled finish, good grower (Ill.). 

FAIR ELAINE (Mitchell)—An enchanting iris. S. soft cream, 
F. deep rich yellow (S. C.). 

FAVORI (Cay.)—Delightful fluting plus intense clear color make 
this one really fine (Ill.). 

FIESTA (White-C.G.)—Coarse, streaked falls, not a finished iris 


Florentine (Cay.)—A completely distinct plicata of beautiful form 
and produces a garden effect of pale blue rather than mottled 
white (Calif.). 

FRANK ADAMS (Lap.)—Just an average variegation in color but 
remarkable in height, branching and poise (Pa.). Its all around 
excellence places it very close to the top (Mass.). 

FRENCH MAID (Grant)—Fine in all its points. Superb pink 
blend (Mass.). 

GARDEN MAGIC (Grinter)—Excellent red of a tone far superior 
to the Red Douglas for garden effect (Ill.). 

GLEN ELLEN (Con.)—A fine iris if you like its color (Ala.). 

GLORIOLE (Gage)—Magnificent when well established, but worth 
coddling (Ill.). 

GOLDEN HIND (Chadburn)—Form not perfect, substance thin, 
but for color the “tops” until this year, when some of its intro¬ 
duced seedlings are still richer (Ill.). 

GOLDEN MAJESTY (Salbach)—This is a very fine deep yellow 
which performed splendidly in Mr. Salbach’s garden. Large size 
and emphasis on form (Mass.). A most outstanding yellow iris. 
An iris of perfect form, good substance and texture (Iowa). 

[ 58 ] 

GOLDEN SLIPPERS (De Forest)—Brilliant color and good form 
though not as large as Treasure Island or Chosen (N. J.). 

GOLDEN SUNSET (Parker-J.B.)—A lovely little blend rivalling 
Prairie Sunset in color, but not in size, form, substance (Pa.). 

GOLDEN TREASURE (Schreiner-R.)— A treasure indeed. One 
of the ten best irises anywhere (Ill.). 

GOOD MORNING (White-C.G.)—A lovely yellow blend touched 
with sunrise coloring (S. C.). 

GREAT LAKES (Cousins)—A fine new light blue, very clear, 
good habits (Pa.). A grand light blue that walks away with the 
garden picture (S. C.). 

HONEY (Smith-K.)—A self the color of wild honey. An inter¬ 
mediate as to height. The bloom is extra large and attracted 
considerable attention when shown at the World’s Fair in New 
York (Tenn.). 

HONEY GOLD (Tobie)—Bright yellow S., F. blending of violet 
and brown flushed tawny mauve, with a band of yellow around 
the edge (Mass.). 

INDIAN HILLS (Grant)—One of the clearest violet purples I 
have ever seen. Stunning with rich yellows (Ill.). 

JASMANIA (Ayers)—Not a very clear yellow, rather on the buff 
side, but has classic ideal form, good growing habits, excellent 
branching and stands up well in wind, hot sun and rain, which is 
more than can be said of many of the newer yellows. In view of 
its parentage ((Plicata seedling X Sherbert) X (Cardinal X K. 
Y. Ayres)) it is hard to see how anyone thinks they can recognize 
“Dykes” markings in it (Ill). 

JELLOWAY (Parker-J.B.)—Everyone likes the color, and every¬ 
body including the originator complains about the lack of sub¬ 
stance. But there is no better one yet in its color (Pa.). Another 
good yellow (Ill.). 

JUBILESTA (Grinter)—A tiny yellow fraud (Ill.). 

JUNALUSIvA (Kirk.)—Fine variety. A bright spot in any garden 
(N. J.). 

LADY PRISCILLA (Gage)—A dainty ruffled plicata on the pink 
side, with color all at center. Looks fragile but was unspoiled by 
a heavy rain (Pa.). 

LOUVOIS (Cay.)—A striking dark variegata of excellent form, but 
appears to have a poor stalk (Pa.). 

LUCREZIA BORI (Schreiner-R.)—A disappointment. Streaks on 
the falls spoil the general appearance (N. J.). 

[ 59 ] 

MARISHA (Sass-J.)—Best of the new pink blends (Ill.). 

MARINELLA (Cay.)—Beau Sabreur, more than double in flower 
size and height of stem, with a wide margin of old gold on each 
fall (Cal.). 

MATA HARI (Nicholls)—An iris of distinction, intense indigo 
blue purple (S. C.). 

MATTERHORN (Sass-J.)—Pretty near the last word in whites. 
Cool and serenely beautiful (Mass.). 

MAY DAY (Hall-D.)—A lovely new color break, but substance 
is thin like its parent Golden Flare. Its own progeny will soon 
replace it. That's life! (Ill.) 

MAYLING SOONG (Lewis-H.) — A really distinguished yellow 
iris of smooth texture and good poise, with very broad falls (Pa.). 

MICHAELANGELO (National)—Blended beauty, bronze grey; 
strikes a new note in the garden, that attracts visitors. Strong 
fine grower, unique in coloring (S. C.). 

MIDWEST GEM (Sass-II.P.)—A lovely ruffled pale yellow blend 
but also fades in the sun (Pa.). 

MISS CALIFORNIA (Salbach)—A pink which performed beau¬ 
tifully in California. Mr. Salbach has better pinks with good 
form and substance coming along (Mass.). Heralded as a distinct 
break in color verging on pink, it is nowhere near my conception 
of a pink iris. Habits good (Ill.). 

MISSOURI (Grinter) — Increasingly worthy of the Dykes, no 
blue is so striking or so fine a doer in my garden. No blue ap¬ 
proaches it in substance or lasting qualities or appeal to every 
visitor (Ill.). 

MME. MAURICE LASSAILLY (Cay.)—Grand powder blue and 
violet bicolor of classic form (Ill.). 

MODISTE (Hall-D.)—A contrast but not a pleasing color (N.J.). 
A grand neAV color break in the light lavender violet class (Ill.). 

MONAD (Wmsn.)—Subtle coloring wholly appealing to me. A 
rainbow in one flower (Ill.). 

MOONGLO (Williamson)—A grand iris, an interesting and un¬ 
usual blend (Iowa). Lovely bronzy blend (Ill.). 

MOUNT CLOUD (Milliken) — Clean and satiny. Excellent in 
every way (Mass.). A white iris that is large, smooth and flaw¬ 
less (S. C.). 

MOUNT WASHINGTON (Essig)—Beautiful warm white with 
golden beard, perfect form (S. C.). 

[ 60 ] 

MATULA (Sass-H.P.)—Strikingly rich, all good habits (111.). 

NARAD A (Brehm)—It is an exquisite clear blue flower with semi- 
flaring falls, fine texture. I saw it blooming in California and 
Washington (Iowa). 

NARAIN (Shuber)—This is one of the finest deep blues I have 
seen and a good doer (Mass.). Richest violet blue. A new shade 
of intense chroma (Ill.). 

NARANJA (Mit.)—I spite of its faults this is still untouched in 
its color class (Pa.). 

NASS A K (Sass-H.P.)—With Claribel, tops among the clear blue 
and white plicatas (Ill.). 

OLD PARCHMENT (Kleinsorge)—A creamy golden buff self, 
beautiful in form and color (S. C.). 

ORIANA (Sass-H.P.)—Lovely classic heavy-substanced white of 
medium height. Should replace all the older whites for land¬ 
scape use since its price is now so low (Ill.). 

ORLOPF (Sass-H.P.)—Rather dark plicata markings too diffuse 
to be appealing. Not clear cut (Ill.). Longest blooming season 
of any iris in my garden. Most distinctive (Cal.). 

OSCEOLA (Wiesner)—A very pleasing blue that stands out in 
the garden. Standards too open (N. J.). 

OZONE (Sass-J.)—At its best a first-class novelty, but it did not 
perform well in the kind of weather we had this year (Pa.). 

PEARL LUSTRE (National)—Dull and lifeless. Another nice 
name gone to waste (in.). 

PIL T TE (Thom.-N.J.; Thorup)—Autumn red might describe it to 
the nontechnical, yet there is still a good deal of blue in it when 
compared to the color chart (Ill.). 

PRAIRIE SUNSET (Sass-H.P.)—What an iris! Large perfectly 
poised flowers of graceful ruffled form, in color a golden glowing 
apricot (Pa.). The color could be the tan of Roman brick in the 
glow of late afternoon skies (Calif.). Very fine iris but not up to 
expectations. Guess I’d heard too much in its praise (Mass.). 

PURISSIMA (Mohr-Mit.) — Still one of the best whites, a fine 
stand in the Presby Garden. Responds to extra care and should 
be covered in winter. Too much has been said about its tender¬ 
ness (N. J.). 

RADIO BEAM (Kellogg-W.M.)—A deep olive buff, a larger Sor- 
dello, very fine (Mass.). 

REBELLION (Klein.)—A fairly good bronzy red, but just as 
purple as the rest and nothing like the illustrations (Pa.). 

[ 61 ] 

REGAL BEAUTY (Milliken)—An exquisite flower with standards 
of clear light violet, falls blackest purple, paling at the edge to a 
violet purple, fine quality, good in every respect (Iowa). 

ROSARIO (Thole)—A fine flower and free bloomer but stems will 
not stand a high wind. A pleasing color in the garden (N. J.). 

ROSY WINGS (Gage)—Worthy of the Dykes Medal (Mass.). An 
outstanding garden beauty. S. deep pink with copper, F. deep 
rose (S. C.). 

ROYAL COACII (Sass-H.P.)—My favorite of the newer yellow 
plicatas. Classic form, clean-cut markings of bronze maroon on 
clear yellow make it extra distinct. The cream colored centers of 
the falls look as if they had been lacquered on, the color is so 
evenly applied. Superb (Ill.). 

SABLE (Cook)—Perfectly stunning; outclasses all the other black 
purples (Pa.). 

SAHARA (Pilk.)—Clear soft creamy yellow of very good form 
and unusual substance (Mass.). 

SEDUCTION (Cay.)—Well named. It’s extremely sophisticated, 
it’s not ideal but it’s nice (Ill.). 

SERENITE (Cay.)—A shimmering, ruffly, swirled bine blend that 
is altogether delightful either as a specimen or a garden clump 

SHIRVAN (Loomis)—Amazingly rich and fine blooming (Ill.). 

SIEGFRIED (Sass-H.P.)—Unique and exciting. Naples yellow 
stippled brown plicata (S. C.). Superb as a specimen flower, 
lacking in attributes that make a good garden flower (Ill.). 

SIR KNIGHT (Ashley)—Will hold its own with any of the deep 
blue seifs (Mass.). 

SIR MARK COLLET (Denis)—In effect a reddish bicolor with 
bright velvety cherry red falls. Tall well branched stalks, but 
substance conld be better (Calif.). 

SNOW FLURRY (Rees.)—From a hybridizer’s standpoint this iris 
was a 1939 highlight. In addition to its fine color and form the 
well branched stalks had 15 to 17 blooms. The substance of the 
blooms was exceptional, lasting four to five days (Mass.). It is a 
fitting name for this splendid, ruffled pure-ice white flower with 
the faintest cast of blue. The most outstanding iris I saw this 
year (Iowa). 

SNOWKING (Sass-H.P.) — Makes most of the new whites look 
fragile and ‘‘sissy.” This one’s tough, tailored and tall, but not 
temperamental (Ill.). 

[ 62 ] 

SOLD AN0 (Wash.)—A rather dull bicolor of extra good stalk, 
poise and substance (Pa.). 

SOME LOVE (Wliite-C.G.)—Mr. White’s most outstanding Onco 
hybrid to date. Extensive hybridizing is being carried on by Mr. 
White in this class and many interesting things are on the way 

SONG OF GOLD (Essig)—Pure medium tone of yellow with flar¬ 
ing standards (S. C.). 

SPRING DANCE (Milliken)—This iris was beautiful with its large 
well shaped flowers of light lavender faintly suffused with golden 
yellow. It was fifty inches tall and very well branched (Iowa). 

STELLA POLARIS (Smith-K.)—One of the best whites I’ve ever 
seen, bar none (Ill.). 

SUNGLEAM (Grant)—My favorite among the newer yellow. It 
has the most lovely form of any iris I know, its color is pure, 
its habits all good. I have never seen it spot. It loves the sun, 
does not pale before it and lasts indefinitely. A grand flower 
every way (Ill.). 

SW T EET ALIBI (White-C.G.)—Class by itself. Does very well in 
New England (Mass.). 

SYMBOL (White-C.G.)—A Naranja X Fiesta seedling of Mr. 
White. An orange yellow that surpasses Naranja in color tone, 
form and size. A real advancement in orange tone yellows 

TARANTELLA (Sass-II.P.) — Spiderlike, it should have been 
named tarantula. Not even of medium size, rather floppy, no¬ 
where near pink in its markings, it does not supersede any pink 
plicata. True Delight is a better iris (Ill.). 

THE BISHOP (Wash.)—Outstanding in all New England gardens 
this season (Mass.). 

THELMA JEAN (Peck-A.E.) — Huge flowers with the flaming 
form of Cyrus the Great, but lighter in color and more on the 
magenta side (Pa.). Rich petunia violet self, very weather re¬ 
sistant (Mass.). 

THE RED DOUGLAS (Sass)—A very large flower but color dis¬ 
appointing. A red purple, not a red. Not as good a garden 
flower as Junaluska (N. J.). Sensational iris. Rich shining red. 
Large. Wonderful growth (S. C.). 

TIFFANY (Sass-II.P.)—Yellow plicata of beauty. Rose stitching 
on yellow background. 


A grand yellow but again a 

tendency to bleach in the hot sun (N. J.). A real gain for those 
who like the tiny richly colored blends. Deeper and brighter than 
Elsinore or September Dawn (Pa.). 

WABASH (Wmsn.) — Still the peer of the amoenas. High 
branched (Ill.). 

WHITE GODDESS (Nes.)—This is a fine, large, well-poised white 

WILLIAM CAREY JONES (Brehm.)—A most satisfactory pure 
cream, short but well balanced, for landscape. As nice a cream 
as anyone could want (Ill.). 

YELLOW JEWEL (Smith-H.)—Lemon chrome yellow of excel¬ 
lent form, bright and clear (Mass.). 

Yellow Velvet (Kellogg-W.M.)—Provisional name. A very deep 
yellow intermediate. Rich smooth color. I hope it is introduced 

YELLOW WONDER (Kirk.) — Second only to Burnished Gold 


Honor Roll 

■ This was started last year in the hope that it would lead to bet¬ 
ter proofreading by our cataloguers of iris for sale, so removing a 
source of much extra work occasioned by recording all errors in 
spelling or form as synonyms. If the response is to be no better 
than that indicated in the roll as constituted this year, it will not be 
continued. If anything, it is worse. There are but four in the 
perfect class, and but one of these is an extensive list. Of those 
listed last year there have been practically no changes in the stand¬ 
ings. xxxx is for perfect; xxx for one error; xx for two errors; x for 
three errors and no x for four errors. 

J. H. Kirkland 
Oregon Bulb Farm 
J. Marion Shull 


Tingle Nursery Co. 

The Windward Violet Nurseries 
Kemp’s Gardens 
J. R. McLean 

Gardenville Bulb Growers 
Rene Cayeux 


Cooley’s Gardens 
Anson W. Peckham 
J. C. Nicholls 


Sunnyside Gardens Upton Gardens 

Maple Valley Iris Gardens S. S. Berry 

Thole’s Gardens Vilmorin-Andrieux 

Rockmont Nursery 

Longfield Iris Farm 
Carl Salbach 

Leo J. Egelberg 
Pudor’s Inc. 

Wayside Gardens 
J. D. Long 

No x 

Shanunga Iris Gardens 
Grant E. Mitsch 

[ 65 ] 


These are to be incorporated in the New Check List which is to be 
in the hands of the printer about in November this year, dated as of 
Oct, 1, 1939. If the printer does his job in such a way as not to 
make much extra work in corrections, it should be ready for our 
members early in the New Year. Its price will be announced later, 
and to make it possible for the Society to break even on its cost 
there should be a heavy reservation from our members. All breed¬ 
ers should possess a copy. It is their duty to the Society and to 
themselves. Other members, at all interested in the work of their 
Society, should find interest in it from a historical standpoint and 
should also order their copy. This is not a promise, but I believe 
its price will be held down close to that of the last Check List. 


At the time of going to press the following names, remainders of those 
offered in Bulletin 63, are still available. 









Azul (blue) 


Bay State 




Big Lover 

Black Romeo 

Blue Jersey 

Bold Courtier 

Bona Dea 





Bright Flame 

Brown Feathers 

Bunda Chand 


Captain Blue 

Captain Red 









Crystal Rose 


Connecticut ' 


Dark Loveliness 

Dark Tyrant 




Dream Kiss 



Early Light 

Earth Shaker 

Easter Parade 



El Bandido 
El Grande 

En Masse 

E uras 
Fair Prospect 
Fashion Queen 
Flag Bearer 
Flaming June 
Flashing Thru 
Footlight Favorite 
Gallant Gay 
Girlish Charm 
Golden Surplice 
Golden Trace 
Gold Mesh 
Grand Flare 
Grand Knight 

Guardian Angel 

[ 06 ] 

Guide Light 
Gypsy King 
Happy Find 
Happy Hunter 
Harlem Queen 
High Haste 
Imperial Blondy 






Just Imagine 
King Uther 

Lady Maryland 
La Milagra 
Land o’ Lakes 
Late News 
Le Marquise 
Little Audrey 
Little Ina 
Little Marcelle 
Little Miss Muffet 
Live Wire 

Lovely Hay 
Love Pirate 
Lucie Marie 


Magna Graeca 




Marcus Velleius 





Mater Matuta 




Montana Maid 



My Elsie 

My Rosanne 




Xew Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 



Night Edition 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 









Old Dominion 







Puerto Rico 
Quel Jen 
Red Flash 
Red Phalanx 
Red Satin 
Red Sparkle 
Rhode Island 
Richmond Blues 
Romany Lass 
Romany King 
Romany Queen 
Royal Splendor 
Rustic Lassie 
Sacred Fire 
Seraphic Knight 
Seventh Heaven 
Sioux Chief 
Sir Ajax 

Southern Lass 
Sparkling Red 
Special Favor 

South Carolina 
South Dakota 
Stolen Color 
Stolen Gold 

Summer Showei 

Sun Idyll 

Sunny Erin 

Sunny Port 

Sunny World 

Sweet Thing 




The Blues 

Torch Maiden 


Treasure Chest 














Warrior Red 




Well Done 

William Caxton 

Winsome Maid 

Wooden Soldier 

West Virginia 










[ 67 ] 

The following are remaining from the lists published in Bulletin 67, with 
a few from the shorter lists of Bulletin 71. 

Airy Poise 

Always Charming 



At Daybreak 


Autumn Sunset (taken) 

Beaming Welcome 


Bill McKee 

Billowy Sea 

Blue Sea 

Blue Shimmer 

Brazen Image 

Breath Taking 

Bright Tapestry 


Bruce Maples 

Burmese Amber 


Carl Salbach 

Charming Chatelaine 

Charming Friend 

Chastely Serene 

Chawbunagunga m a u g 


Clear Morning 

Cloudless Skies 




Cool Brook 

Cool Pillows 

Copper Tone 

Crispy Sparkle 





Dominant King 
Dominant Queen 
D ress Ensemble 
Dusky Duke 
Early Sun 
Eleanor Jones 

Eleutherean Hills 



Euclid Snow 
Exquisite Radiance 
Flaming Portals 
Flaunting Splendor 
Foaming Stream 
Formal Gown 
Frank McCoy 
Frosty Sheen 

Gay Companion 
Gay Picture 
Gay Spring 
Glistening Gold 
Glowing Beauty 
Glowing Luster 
Golden Beauty 
Golden Shimmer 
Gracious Personality 
Greater Glory 
Good Stay 
Guiding Star 
Hans Sass 
Happy Felicity 
Happy Surprise 
Heart’s Desire 
Heavy Frosting 
Herman Thorup 
H. H. Everett 
High Standard 

Irridescent Gold 

Iridescent Sparkle 



Jacob Sass 

Jean du Pont 


Lake Washington 
Lavish Display 
Leonard Barron 
Little Tyke 
Kathleen Marriage 
J. IT. Christ 
J. Marion Shull 
John Park hurst 
Joyous Appeal 
Joshua Peirce 

Little White House 
Living Fire 
L. Merton Gage 
Madame Queen 
Maryland Melody 
Man at Arms 
Massive Beauty 
Mian us 

Minerva Monroe 
Miss Stover 
Modern Youth 
Monte Amiata 
Morning Haze 
Most Gracious 
Mount St. Helena 
Muted Music 
Mrs. Herman Lewis 
Mrs. Homer Gage 
Mrs. Walter Tobie 
Mrs. W. L. Karcher 
Mt. Kisco 
Mt. Wachusett 
Neighborly Charm 

r os i 

New Haven 

Noonday Sky 

Old Faithful 

Old New England 




Pacific Splendor 

P. A. Loomis 








Radiant Blue 

Rare Charm 



Robert Sturtevant 

Royal Entertainment 

Sage Hen 

Samuel Peirce 

Santa Maria Inn 

Sapphire Lakes 


The following names 

Admiral Nelson 








A. M. Wilson 









Sherman Duffy 

Silent Admiration 
Sir Hugh Platt 

Some Girl 
Southland Gem 
Spring Shower 
Still Pond 
Study in Brown 
Sunny Gold 
Sunshine Glow 
Supreme Beauty 
Sweet Patricia 
The Graces 

m Bulletin 71 are still 








Berry Head 










[ 69 ] 

The Patch 
Thura Truax Hires 
Tinkling Waters 
Top Notcher 
Troubled Waters 
Twilight Star 

Valley of the Moon 
Veiled in Mists 
Warm Springs 
Wee Bells 
Wee Cascade 
Welcome Guest 
White Hope 
White Ice 
White Samite 
White Smoke 
Wondrous Beauty 
Yellow Dust 







Braunton Burrows 




Bright Melody 












Cape Good Hope 

Edenb ridge 



Cape Town 





Edward Leeds 








E. M. Crosfield 






Miss New Zealand 





Charles Dawson 




Charles Smith 







Mount Clare 



J. Duncan Pearson 

Mr. Jenks 


Fairy King 

John Gilbert Baker 

Mu nt ham 



John Philip Worsley Nantwich 


Falmouth Belle 




















F. Kingdon Ward 












F. W. Burbridge 




George Philip 


Orphan Lass 

Copper Bowl 

Hay don 










P. D. Williams 


Glen Cory 








Glorious Devon 






Peter Barr 
















Queen Elizabeth 

Dawlish Warren 




Dean Herbert 






Loro Chu 












Luna Bright 




Lyme Regis 

Red Lory 

Dink ie 



Red Magic 




Red Rocket 








Rev. Engleheart 


Henry Backhouse 


Rev. J. G. Nelson 




Rev. S. Eugene Bo 



Marine Maid 

R. 0. Backhouse 

[ 70 ] 



Agnes Marie 

Cloud Dress 




Cold Moon 



All Afire 

Colors Salute 



Any Woman 

Copper Dome 



Arabi Pasha 





Country Dance 




Courtly Dance 

Saint Pierre 



Covent Garden 







Autumn Echoes 

Creve Coeur 

Saxon Prince 


Autumn Gold 

Crystal Maze 



Bag o’ Wind 

Dancing Cloud 




Dancing Girl 


W. A. Watts 

Battle Hymn 

Dark Beauty 


W. B. Cranfield 


Dark Clouds 



Beacon Hill 

Deadeye Dick 



Beau Soleil 


Sir Charles Cave 


Beaute cFArgent 


Soeur Blanche 


Beauty of Japan 

Dizzy Dame 


Weyb ridge 

Belle Chatelaine 

Don Cossack 


W. F. M. CopelandBelle Hortense 


St. Egwin 


Belle of May 

Dress Parade 




Drum Major 

Spring Grove 



Early Settler 


William Backhouse Bit o’ Black 


St. Issey 

William Herbert 


Eight o’ Clock 


William Horsfield 

Black Marvel 

Empress Eugenia 

S treat liam 


Black River 

Ever Grand 



Black Scout 

Everlasting Waves 




Fair Company 



Blushing Girl 

Fairy Dance 


Winsome Lassie 

Bold General 

Fairy Yale 



Brain Child 

Fiddle Faddle 




Fire Mountain 




First Frost 



Buena Ora 

Flame Swept 


Wood side 

Button Button 

Flip Flap 








Fickle Mood 



Cardinal Richelieu 

Flower Brocade 



Carlotta Patti or 

Fortune Teller 

The Brodie 


Charlotte Patty 





Frederick the Great 

Thomas Batson 


Chant d’Or 

Frilled Beauty 


Aesop Fable 

Charming Miss 

Frivolous Sal 



Charmed One 

Frosty Moonlight 




Frozen Mask 


Agamem non 

Clarion Call 

Gala Star 




Gay May 


Gay Baree 
Gilded Knight 
Gold Band 
Gold Coin 
Gold Dart 
Golden Horde 
Golden Key 
Golden Meadow 
Golden Prince 
Golden Rain 
Golden Thoughts 
Gold Sprite 
Good Behavior 
Goodbye Blues 
Good Dame 
Good Omen 
Grand Day 
Grand Ever 
Grand Light 
Grand Pageant 
Grand Waters 
Great Blaze 
Great Loss 
Grey Gold 
Gypsy Dance 
High Fire 
High Flyer 
Hoot Mon 
In the Red 

Jelly Roll 
Jenny Lind 
Jingle Jingle 
Jolly Feast 
Joy Ride 
June Brilliant 
June Moon 
June Sun 

King Cotton 

King of Joy 

Lady Democrat 
Lady’s Favor 
Lady Velvet 
Last Romance 
Liberty Torch 

Linger Awhile 
Lilting Melody 
Little Pinkie 
Lovely Night 
Lucky Day 
Lucky Number 
Manners Queen 
Medicine Hat 
Me Oh My 
Merry Ha Ha 
Midway Belle 
Miss Sagacity 
Modest Queen 
Moon Harvest 
Moon Hunter 
Morning Song 
Mother Love 
Much Wiser 
My Man 
Mystic Sign 
My Woman 
Nathan Hale 
Natty Girl 

North Wind 
Ocean Roll 
Oh Fudge 
Our Queen 
Parade Post 
Pay Check 
Pepper Pot 
Pere Marquette 
Perfect Dear 
Pixie Dell 

Pot of Gold 
Pretty Pet 
Prince Bismarck 
Proud King 
Prudent Miss 
Pukka Heaven 
Quality Folk 
Red Crown 
Red Ensign 
Red Nose 
Regal Frolic 
Regal Lily 
Rise and Shine 
River Dee 
Roguish Girl 
Rosy Gem 
Royal Charm 
Royal Eminence 
Royal Veil 
Royal Venture 
Rugged Red 
Rye Beach 
Satin Gold 
Savage Beauty 
Sea Captain 
Sea Charmer 
Secret Vote 
Shining One 
Shy Maid 
Signal Station 
Silent Witness 
Silver Flame 
Singing Brook 
Six o’ Clock 
Sky Maid 
Sky Witch 
Sleepy Hollow 

Smiling Prince 
Snow Star 
So Fair 

Soldier Girl 
Someone Else 
Southern Beau 
Spanish Beauty 
Spanish Charm 
Springs Here 
Spring Snow 
Spritely Gold 

Stormy Sea 
Sun Arbor 
Sun Emblem 
Sunny May 
Sunny Rose 
Taka walk 
Tar Baby 
Tempting Witch 
Texas Rose 
The Chief 
The Singer 
The Tribesman 
Tiny Mite 
Traffic Light 
Tra La La 
Tut Tut 
Valorous Sir 
Veiled Lady 
Velvet Mask 
Wage Earner 
War Moon 
Wedding Morn 
White Hot 
Wild Love 
Winking Moon 
Witches Dance 
Yankee Skipper 
Yellow Tulip 
Y oreen 
Zulu Bride 

[ 72 ] 


Names of obsolete iris will be found in the New Check List, prefixed with 
an asterisk. It is hoped that with all the fine names still available for use 
as iris names, not only those offered in preceding pages, and subsequent ones, 
but others which are readily found in books, histories, etc., that raids will 
not be made on the obsolete iris names, for that though in so far as we know 
now they are no longer being grown, time again old ones have come into 
print again in later years after we have allowed their re-use. This makes 
for confusion in the lists. 


Of the following names a large number offered under the letters Q, U, V., 
Y and Z were sent in by our member Mrs. E. C. Dunbar, Rochester, N. Y. 







Alice May 



Always Glad 

Any Day 

Apple Queen 


April Shower 







Autumn Beauty 



Ball Gown 

Balmy Spring 

Band o’ Silver 


Ba rb ara- Cynthia 

Beacon Queen 
Beautiful Ohio 
Beverly Marie 

Big Beauty 
Biscayne Bay 

Bit o’ Heaven 
Black Girl 
Black Mischief 
Black Rapture 
Blazing Torch 
Blossom Queen 
Blue Covert 

Bonnie Vixen 
Border Queen 
Bright Gem 
Bright Star 
Brilliant Star 
Broad Light 
Bronze Delight 
Brown Ben 
Brown Moss 
Brown Ray 
Burning Bright 
Burnt Orange 
Butter Toffee 

Cayuga Falls 
Chesapeake Bay 

Chocolate Drops 
Chocolate Fudge 

Comely Maid 
Congo Prince 
Coral Bells 
Costa Rican 
Cotton Boll 
Country Cousin 
Court Dance 
Cream Beauty 

Dancing Light 
Dancing Shadows 

Dapper Dan 
Daring Cavalier 
Dark Prince 
Dark Princess 
Dashing Cavalier 
Dashing Don 

Day is Done 


Dewy Dawn 


Dixie Crystal 


Dream Girl 

Dream o’ Beauty 

Dry Ice 

Early Peach 

Eastern Prince 

Eastern Princess 

East Indian 


Eeny Meeny 










E verb right 


Fair Delight 

Fairhaired Lady 

Fata Morgana 


Fire Ball 

Fire Bird 

[ 73 ] 

Fire Prince 


Mane h us 

Orange Ice 

Fire Princess 


Marcell ina 

Orange Sherbet 

Flaming- High 


Marcia Luise 


Flaming Meteor 



Osof ree 

Fleur i mo nt 




Formal Dress 



Over Rose 

For Romance 

Ice Queen 

May Torch 

Palatine Belle 

Frances Beatrice 



Pallas Athena 

Frances Lou 


Meadow Rose 

Pan am an 



Me dean 

Paradise Lost 

French Marigold 



Paradise Regained 

Frost Flower 

Irish Lassie 


Pay Lode 

Gala Belle 


Merry Knight 

Peanut Brittle 



Merry Saxon 

Peasant Maid 

Gate of Heaven 



Perfect Maid 

Gay Bubble 




Gay Khan 


Military Girl 

Picture Bride 



Miny Mo 

Pin nacle 


Jennie May 

Miss Courtesy 

Pinnacle Light 

Golden Frills 


Miss Illinois 

Pirate Ship 

Golden Lass 

Joyce Elaine 

Miss Indiana 


Golden Mission 

Joy Supreme 

Mission Bells 

Polar Ice 

Golden Statue 


Miss Michigan 


Golden Veins 

Just Tiny 

Miss Ohio 



Killarney Lass 

Missouri Miss 



King Bird 


Precious Toy 

Gold Star Mother 

King of Joy 



Gorgeous Bubble 

La Argentina 


Pretty Pal 

Grand Jester 

Lady Dainty 


Prince of Joy 

Grand March 

Lady Gloria 

Mount Erebus 

Princess of Joy 

Grand Waltz 

Lady Gracious 

Nana Kate 

Puerto Rican 

Grape Ice 

Lady Lucille 

Nancy Mae 


Great Falls 

La Joya 






Quondam Friend 

Green Knight 

La Scala 





Night Princess 



Lavender Delight 



Gunpowder Blue 


Noble Briton 



Lemon Sherbet 

Noble Scot 



Light of Gold 


Queen of Joy 


Little Duke 



Happy Leader 

Little Gay 

Northern Queen 


Happy Tidings 

Little Joan 



Havre de Grace 

Little Queen 

Norway Miss 






Heavy Snow 

Lovely Sister 

Notice Me 




Oh Honey 



Magic Dream 

Opal Queen 


Highland Song 


Opera Star 


[ 74 ] 

Rare Gem 
Raspberry Ice 
Raspberry Sherbet 
Red Amazon 
Red Cherry 
Red Moss 
Regal Sun 
Rosa Dear 
Rose Baby 
Royal Jester 
Ruby Falls 
Rule Britannia 
Ruling Queen 
Sally Ann 
Salute L’Amour 
Sand Cloud 
Santa Inez 
Santa Paula 
Saxon Gold 
Scotch Laddie 
Scotch Lassie 
Silent Gift 
Sir Reynard 
Sir Scamp 
Sizzling Zero 

Smiling Maestro 
Smiling Queen 
Smoke Signal 
Snow Ridge 
Southern Girl 
Spanish Belle 
Spanish Maid 
Sparkling Snow 
Stands Alone 


Stormy Ocean 
Strawberry Frappe 
Strawberry Ice 
Strawberry Sherbet 
Sun Lover 
Sunny Alberta 
Sunny Sonny 
Sun Patty 
Supreme Kiss 
Surf side 

Surprise Package 

Swedish Maid 
Sweet Forever 
The Auld Sod 
The Fop 

Tinkling Brook 
Tom’s Lady 
Torch Bearer 
Totache (Indian) 
Town Prince 

Town Princess 
Ushered In 
Ust Ussa 

Vanilla Cream 

Velour Drapes 
Venetian Melody 
Verib right 
Victory Light 
Victory March 
Village Prince 
Village Princess 
Virginia Rose 
Wee Betsy 
White Feathers 
White Topper 

White Sweets 

Wild West 


Winter Sea 








Yankee Clipper 
Yantis or Yantic 

Yellow Jacket 



































De Forest 












Col. Chas. E. Ayars, 217 Maple Ave., Takoma Park, D. C. 

Mr. and Mrs. George O. Brehm, Seattle, Wash. 

H. A. Covert (Linwood Iris Gardens), 1351 S. Hydraulic 
Ave., Wichita, Kan. 

Fred De Forest, “Irisnoll,” Route 1, Monroe, Oregon. 

John Dolman, Jr., Swarthmore, Pa. 

Howard R. Glutzbeck, 25 Raymond Ave., Lynbrook, L. I., 
N. Y. 

Miss Pattie F. Levett, Beccles, Bulls, Rangitikei, New Zea¬ 

Mrs. Herman Lewis, 180 Grove St., Haverhill, Mass. 

Bruce C. Maples, Maples’ Gardens, Ozark, Mo. 

The Misses Ruth and Clara Rees, San Jose, Calif. 

Mrs. Elizabeth L. Scheffy, Lark Meadows, West Mansfield, 

Mrs. Leo C. Shippy, Edgewood Iris Gardens, 536 Willow St., 
Lockport, N. Y. 

Mrs. Mary F. Tharp, 445 N. 7th St., Payette, Idaho. 

Thole’s Gardens, 2754 45th Ave., Seattle, Wash. 

Seasonal abbreviations have been revised in some instances—to clarify 
for the reader the complete list of such abbreviations is given here. 

E for early; M for midseason; La for late (formerly F); Re for remontant, 
spring and fall blooming (formerly FF); EE for extra or very early; EM 
for early midseason; LaM for late midseason; MLa for medium late; VLa 
for very late, late June or July blooming (formerly FF); E-M for early 
to midseason; E or M-La or VLa for early or midseason to late or very 
late (none of these fall blooming) and Win. for winter blooming (fall to 


ACROPOLE TB-M-W8L (Cay. 1939) ; 
Cay. 1939. 

(Sass-H.P.; Scheffy 1939); Ken¬ 
wood 1939. 

AMENOPHIS TP> - M - S3M (Cay. 
1939) ; Cay. 1939. 

WW (Cay. 1936); Cay. 1939. 

1939); Cay. 1939; C.M., S.N.H.F. 
& Dykes Medal, France 1938. 
ARDIS Cal-S7L (De Forest 1939) ; 
Starker 1939 as No. 75; (form of 
7. clougJasiana ). 

ARTIST Jap-Sgl - 1BL (Prichard 

ARENA TMB-Y6M (Sass-J. 1939) ; 

[ 76 ] 

Sass 1939; (Z. regelia x DB). 
1939); Cooley 1939; (Far West x 
tan Seedlg.) ; □ slight. 

BALMUNG TB-La-Y8D rev (Sass- 
H.P. 1939); Sass 1939; Kellogg 
1939; □ slight. 

BARBARA TB-E-B1L (Kirk. 1939) ; 
Kirk. 1939. 

D. 1939); Cooley 1939; (Rameses 
x Dolly Madison) ; Burmuda 
Sand; □. 

BEVERLY TB-La-S7L (Lap. 1939) ; 
Gage 1939; (Noweta) x (Midgard 
x Aphrodite) ; □ slight. 


1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

1939); Shippy 1939; (Candlelight 
x Dolly Madison) ; very □. 
(National 1939); National 1939; 
Oaklmrst 1939; (Mary Geddes x 
Buechley Giant) ; Super Geddes; 
□ slight. 

(Prichard 1939). 

BLUE EYES TB-B1M (Kirk. 1939) ; 
Kirk. 1939. 

Blue Jacket TB-B1M tKirk. 1939) ; 


BLUE NILE TB-M B1L (Pilk. 1939) ; 
Orp. 1939; (Purisstma x Byzan¬ 

BLUE OCEAN TB BID (Kirk. 1939) ; 
Kirk. 1939. 

(Kirk. 1939); Kirk. 1939; Blue 

Boadieea Jap-Dbl-6RD (Prichard 

BONANZA TB-La-Y8M (Sass - J. 
1939); Sass 1939; (El Tovar) x 
(Jumbo x King Tut). 
BONIFACIO Jap-Dbl-6BD (Prichard 

BUCKSKIN TB - E - Y7M (Klein. 
1939); Cooley 1939; (Far West x 

Jean Cayeux) ; □ slight. 
Burgundy Jap-Sgl-6RD (Prichard 

liams-T. A. 1939); Iris City 1939; 
(Iris City x On Parade) ; □. 
man 1939); Kellogg 1939; (prob. 

Afterglow x _) ; □. 

1939); Callis 1939; (Jean Siret x 

1939); Sass 1939; Whiting 1939; 
(Wambliska x Rameses) x (Seed¬ 

Cantabile Jap-Sgl-4BM (Prichard 

Capri Jap-Dbl 3BL (Prichard 1939). 

1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

Carisbrooke Jap Sgl-7RM (Prichard 

CARISSIMA TB-W4 (Kirk. 1939) ; 
Kirk. 1939. 

(Tharp 1939) ; Tharp 1939; (Queen 
Caterina x Amerind) x (Souv. de 
Loetitia Michaud). 

CEDARWOOD TB-M R4M (Williams- 
T. A. 1939) ; Iris City 1939; (King 

Tut x -) x (Jean Cayeux). 

(Callis 1939); Callis 1939; (Car¬ 
dinal x King Tut). 

CHARMING Jap-Sgl-3BD (Prichard 

1939); Ashley 1939; bedding iris; 
(Sarabande x Romeo) ; locust blos¬ 
som □ . 

(Tharp 1939); Tharp 1939; ((Raj¬ 
put x Alcazar) x (Alta Califor¬ 
nia)) x (Amerind). 

Congress Jap - Dbl - 6BD (Prichard 

CONSUL Sib-B3L (Kelway 1939) ; 
Kelway 1939. 

f 77 ] 

COPPELIA TB-M-S9M (Cay. 1939) ; 
Cay-R. 1939. 

COTE D ’AZURE Jap - Sgl - 6BM 
(Prichard 1939). 

7RD (Prichard 1939). 

Dbl-3BL (Prichard 1939). 
1939) ; Gage 1939; (Red Dominion 
x Jerry) ; □ slight. 

1939); Nic 1939; Kellogg 1939; 
(Valor x Spokan). 

Dainty Jap-Sgl-GRM (Prichard 1939). 
1939); Gage 1939; Nes. 1939; 
(Dauntless x Red Seedlg.). 

DAY IN JUNE Cal-BIL (De Forest 
1939); Starker 1939 as No. 27; 
(Form of 1. douglasiana ). 

1939); Salb. 1939; (San Diego x 

1939) ; Callis 1939; (Silver Elf x 

DEMONS ISLE Jap-Dbl-7BM (Prich¬ 
ard 1939). 

H. R. N. 1939) ; Meyer-H. R. 1939 
Bronze Medal, Iris Soc. (Eng.) 1936. 
DIANA TB-M-S4L (Smith-K. 1939) ; 
Nes. 1939. 

(Wal. 1939) ; ( delavayi x clarTcei ). 
DIOMED Sib-VLa-B7D (Wal. 1939) ; 

(delavayi x clarTcei). 

DUCHESS Jap-Sgl-2BL (Prichard 

EARLY STAR Jap-Dbl-lW (Prich¬ 
ard 1939). 

ELLA MAE TB-La-B7M (Callis 
1939); Callis 1939; (Grandiosa x 
Depute Nomblot). 

ELEANOR Sib-VLa-B7M (Wal. 

1939); ( delavayi x clarTcei ). 
Elegante Jap - Dbl - 3BL (Prichard 

ELSA SASS TB-La-Y4L (Sass-H. P. 
1939); Sass 1939; Whiting 1939; 
(Tiffany x Orloff) ; H.M., A.I.S. 
1939; □. 

EMOTION TB-S8M rev (Cay. 1939) ; 
Cay-R. 1939. 

ERLKING TB-La B7D (Kirk. 1939) ; 

Kirk. 1939; □ quite unusual. 
C. 1939); Sim. 1939; □ slight. 
1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

FAY TB-E-R7M (Meyer H. R. 1939) ; 
Meyer-H. R. 1939. 

FEARLESS TB-M-R7M (Kirk. 1939) ; 
Kirk. 1939. 

FERRIC TB-MLa-RIL (Millik. 1939) ; 
Millik. Gard. 1939; (Arzani x Val¬ 
kyrie) x (Impressario x Bruno) ; 
□ slight. 


1939); ( delavayi x clarTcei ). 
FLAME TB-M-R7D (Kirk. 1939) ; 
Kirk. 1939. 

1939); Tharp 1939; (King Tut x 
Zuni) ; □ Flamme (Tharp). 
(Kelway 1939) ; Kelway 1939. 
1939); Hall 1939; (Elsinore) x 

((Wm. Marshall x _ ) x (Kris 

King) ) ; □ slight. 

1939); Grant 1939; Nes. 1939; 
(Rameses x Alice Harding). 

1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 


1939); Nes. 1939; □ slight. 

GEN. DANIELL Jap - Dbl - 6RM 
(Prichard 1939). 

GEN. WARD Jap-Dbl-6BD (Prichard 

Gideon TB-M S7M (Kirk. 1939) ; 

Kirk. 1939; TRUMPETER. 
1939); Sass 1939; Kellogg 1939; 

Whiting 1989; (Imperial Blush x 
_); □. 

GLEN-ELLEN TB - M - Y6L (Con. 
1939); William-T. A. 1939; Vestal 

1939); Cooley 1939; (King Midas 
x Rubeo) ; □ slight. 

1939); Sass 1939; (Seedlg. x 

er H. R. 1939); Meyer-H. R. 1939; 
C. M., Iris Soc. (Eng.) 1934. 

1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

liams-T. A. 1939); Iris City 1939; 
(Mtbgard x No. 303). 

beck 1939); Pat. 1939; (Nene x 
W. R. Dykes) x (Jean Cayeux). 
(De Forest 1939); Cooley 1939; 
(Alta California x King Midas). 
GOLD STAR TB-Y4M (Kirk. 1939) ; 
Kirk. 1939. 

(Weed 1939) ; National 1939. 
Grenadier Jap-Dbl-GRM (Prichard 

Greyfriars Jap-Dbl-6RM (Prichard 

Hamlet TB-R1D Prichard 1939. 
1939) ; Kirk 1939. 

HERMIT TB-S9M (Kirk. 1939) ; 
Kirk. 1939. 

1939) ; Tharp 1939; (_ x Eu¬ 


HUGE BLUE Dut-BIM (Delkin 
1939) ; Salb. 1939. 

HUNGARY TB - MLa - S7D (Thole 
1939) ; Thole 1939; (Bruno x Souv. 
de Loetitia Michaud) x (Rame- 
ses) ; Q] slight. 

IMOSA Vinic-Y7D (Wash. 1939) ; 
Nes. 1939. 

Ivorine Jap-Sgl IW (Prichard 1939) 

(Groff 1939); Kellogg 1939; Jack- 

er H. R. 1939) ; Meyer II. R. 1939; 

Izillian Meyer. 

1939; Tharp 1939; ((Rajput x Al¬ 
cazar) x (Amanecer)) x (Alto 
California) . 

KANDAHAR TB - La - B9D (Hall 
1939); Hall 1939; (Ambassadeur 
x Edgewood) ; □ slight. 

R, 1939); Meyer-H. R. 1939; Silver 
Medal, Iris Soc. (Eng.) 1934. 

KILLARNEY Jap-Dbl-7RM(Prichard 

LADY CAIRNS Jap-Dbl-6BM (Prich¬ 
ard 1939). 

Lady Fayre Jap-Dbl-2RL (Prichard 

Prichard 1939). 

Prichard 1939). 

1939); Tharp 1939; (Gpirtrude 
Fields x Quivera). 

(Wash. 1939); Nes. 1939; (yellow 
Seedlg. x Gudrum). 

LINKMAN TB-La-Y6L rev (Barr 
1939); Barr 1939; (Chasseur x 

(Kirk. 1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

J. 1939) ; Sass 1939. 

LIVELY LADY Cal-W9D (De Forest 
1939); Starker 1939 as No. 8; 
(form of I. douglasiana) . 

Lord Roberts Jap-Sgl-3RL (Prichard 

1939); Callis 1939; (Purissima x 
Wambliska) ; □ wild rose. 

Louise Jap-Sgl-GRM (Farr 1938). 

[ 79 ] 

Loveliness Jap-Dbl-2RL (Prichard 

LYRIC Jap-Dbl-2BL (Prichard 1939). 
H. R. 1939); Meyer H. R. 1939. 
Magnificent Jap-Sgl-4BM (Prichard 

Majestic Jap - Dbl - 1BL (Prichard 

1939); Macdonald 1939; (W. R. 

Dykes x Seedlg.). 

Margaret Sib-BIL Wayman 1939. 
(Prichard 1939). 

(Cay. 1939) ; Cay. R. 1939. 
MARISHA TB-M-S7L (Sass-J.; Whit¬ 
ing 1939); Whiting 1939; (Ami- 
tola x _). 

MARVISTA TB-M-Y9D (Hall 1939) ; 
Hall 1939; (Kittaning x Red¬ 
stone) ; □ slight. 

(Nic. 1939); Nic. 1939; (Valor x 
Lucero) ; □ strong honey locust. 
MATULA TB-La-S9D (Sass-H. P. 
1939); Sass 1939; Whiting 1939; 
(Seedlg. x Amitola) ; H.M., A.I.S. 

MAYFIELD Jap-Sgl-7BL (Prichard 

(Lewis-H. 1939); Nes. 1939; (Lady 

Paramount x _). 

1939); Orp. 1939; (Menetrier x 
Bruno) ; Bronze Medal, Iris Soc. 
(Eng.) 1934. 

MELEDA TB-M-B1L (Cay. 1939) ; 
Cay.-R. 1939. 

1939) ; Sir Michael Jr. 

Mizakodori Jap-Sgl-6RD (Prichard 


1939); Kirk. 1939. 


1939); Nes. 1939; (Mary Geddes 
x El Tovar) ; □ slight. 

E-4BM (Prichard 1939). 

4BM (Prichard 1939). 

MRS. HARE Jap-Dbl-2RD (Prichard 

MT. ETNA TB-M-WW (Maples 
1939); Maples 1939; (Elizabeth 
Egelberg x Nene) x (Venus de 
Milo) ; 

NARADA TB-La-BIL (Brehm 1939) ; 
Salb. 1939; (Purissima) x (Bruno 
x El Capitan) ; □ medium. 

G. 1939) ; Millik. Gard. 1939; (One. 
x TB). 

Neston TB-S3L Prichard 1939. 
(Gers. 1939); Nes. 1939; (Perry 
Blue x Blue King). 


ett 1939) ; Orp. 1939; (_ ) x 

(J. B. Dumas x Aurelle) ; □ 


1939); Thole 1939; Kellogg 1939; 
(Gilead x Alta California) x (De¬ 
pute Nomblot) ; □ slight. 

(Klein. 1939); Cooley 1939; 
(Treasure Island x Far West). 
(National 1939); National 1939; 
Whiting 1939; Oakhurst 1939; □ 

(Tharp 1939); Tharp 1939; (Zuni 
x Depute Nomblot). 

ORILLIA TB-M-Y9M (Kirk. 1939); 

Kirk. 1939; Orilica; Orilia. 
ORMONDE Sib - VLa - B7L (Wal. 

1939); ( delavayi x clarTcei). 

PAL TB-E R7D (Meyer-H. R. 1939) ; 
Meyer H. R. 1939. 


1939); Sass 1939; □. 

Pauvis TB- (Cay.) ; Wass. 1939. 

[ 80 ] 


1939); (delavayi x clarkei). 

PAX TBM-WW (Tharp 1939); 
Tharp 1939; (Purissima x Santa 
Clara) ; Purity (Tharp). 

1939) ; Kellogg 1939. 
1939) ; Cay-R. 1939; C.M., S.N.H.F. 

Phantome Jap-Dbl-7RL (Prichard 


1939); Kirk. 1939; Q. 

1939); Tharp 1939; (Jean Har¬ 
riet x Lady Marguerita). 
(Groff 1939) ; Kellogg 1939. 
PLATON TB-M-B7M (Cay. 1939) ; 
Cay.-R. 1939. 

(Donahue 1939); National 1939; 
(Moonlight) x (Dominion x 

_ ) ; A.M., M.H.S. Oct, 1931; 

H.M., A.I.S. 1931; A.M., A.I.S. 
1933; R.M., Gard. Flor. Club. Bos¬ 
ton 1931. 

Pompous Jap - Sgl - 7RM (Prichard 

(Sass-H. P. 1939); Sass 1939; 
Whiting 1939; (Sandalwood x 
Amitola) ; H.M., A.I.S. 1937. 
PRIME TB-T a-SIM (Meyer-H. R. 
1939); Meyer H. R. 1939; Ra¬ 

1939); Kirk. 1939. 

(Sass-H. P.; Whiting 1939); Whit¬ 
ing 1939; (King Midas x King 

1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

H. R. 1939) ; Meyer-H. R. 1939. 
1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

Purple Crown Jap-Sgl-4BL (Prichard 


1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

Queen Anne (Wayman 1939). 

Queen of Iris TB-Y9M Prichard 1939. 

1939) ; Cay-R. 1939. 

RATHSAY TB-B3M Prichard 1939. 
RAWNIE TB-M-S4M (Tharp 1939) ; 
Tharp 1939; (Distinctive x Semi¬ 
nole) x (Madam X). 


1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

1939); Gage 1939; Kellogg 1939; 
Nes. 1939; (Dauntless x red Seed¬ 
ling) ; □ strong. 

1939); Cooley 1939; (Bruno x 
Sherbert) x (Red Wing x King 
Tut) ; □ mild. 

1939); Nic. 1939; (Spokan x Red 
Robe) ; □ grape. 

R. 1939) ; Meyer-H. R. 1939; C. M., 
Iris Soc. (Eng.) 1934. 

1939); Nic. 1939; (Joycette x Red 
Robe) ; □ strong grape. 

REDWOOD TB-La-R4M (Klein. 
1939); Salb. 1939; (Rebellion x 
Treasure Island). 

(Millik. 1939); Millik. Gard. 1939; 
(27 Avril x Tenebrae) x (Sir 
Michael) ; very □. 

RONDEAU TB-M-S9M (Cay. 1939); 
Cay-R. 1939. 

1939); Nes. 1939; (fr. seedlgs. of 
Dominion x I. fro java). 

1939); Thole 1939; Kellogg 1939; 
□ . 

1939); Cooley 1939; (Rameses x 
Persia) ; □ slight. 

[81 ] 

ROYALTY Jap Sgl 6BD (Prichard 

1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 




H. P. 

1939); Sass 1939; 



Whiting 1939; (fr. 



seedlgs.) ; II.M., 



□ slight. 

Rubro marginata Jap Sgl-E-6RM 
(Prichard 1939). 

Ruby Perry Jap-Dbl 2RL (Prichard 


1939); Kirk. 1939; Ruddy Red. 
H. P. 1939); Sass 1939; (fr. yel¬ 
low plicata seedlgs.) ; H. M., A.T.S. 
1939; □. 

SATAN TB-M-B7D (Kirk. 1939) ; 
Kirk. 1939; (Black Wings x 
— )• 

(Prichard 1939). 

SATSUMA TB-M-S4L (Thole 1939) ; 
Thole 1939; Kellogg 1939; (Gilead 
x Jean Cayeux) □ slight. 
1939); Long. 1939; (No. 1079 x 
—- ) ; □ slight. 

1939) ; Nes. 1939. 

1939); Egel. 1939; Whiting 1939; 
(Cardinal x Le Correge). 


1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

Sincerity Jap-Dbl-6BM (Prichard 

SINGAPORE Jap-Dbl-4BL (Prich¬ 
ard 1939). 

Prichard 1939). 


1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

(Gers. 1939); Nes. 1939; (Perry 
Blue x Blue King). 

1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

1939); Salb. 1939; (Purissima x 
Thais) ; □ pleasant. 

1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

Millik. 1939); Millik. Gard. 1939; 
(California Blue x Cameliard) 
x (Coronado x Grace Sturte- 
vant) ; □ slight. 

(Millik. 1939); Millik. Gard. 1939; 
(Purissima x Easter Morn) ; □. 
1939); Sass 1939; (I. hoogiana x 
Elf Queen). 

1939); Millik. Gard. 1939; (Pale 
Moonlight x Cameliard) x (Lady 
Paramount) ; □. 

1939); Cooley 1939; (Eloise Lap- 
ham x Marian Lapham) x (Cook 
P. 231, Wild Rose x pink Wmsn. 
seedlg. fr. Dominion) ; □ mild. 

ST. AGATHA TB-LaM-BlM (Meyer- 
H. R. 1939) ; Meyer H. R. 1939. 
helm 1939); Cooley 1939; (Zuni x 
seedlg. fr. Ethel Peckham) ; H. 
C., A. I. S. 1938. 

ST. ALBAN TB La BID (Meyer-H. 

R, 1939) ; Meyer-H. R. 1939. 

ST. ANGELA TB-M-Y4L (Meyer H. 

R. 1939) ; Meyer H. R. 1939. 
STANHOPE Jap-Sgl-7RL (Prichard 

STANPITA Jap-Sgl-E-6BM (Prich¬ 
ard 1939). 

(Smith-K. 1939) ; Nes. 1939; II. M., 
A. I. S. 1939. 

H. R. 1939) ; Meyer-H. R. 1939. 
ST. JOHN TB-M-Y4M (Meyer-H. R. 
1939); Meyer-H. R. 1939. 

r 821 

er-H. R. 1939) ; Meyer-H. R. 1939. 
ST. MARK TB-M-B3M (Meyer-H. R. 

1939) ; Meyer-H. R. 1939. 


R. 1939) ; Meyer-H. R. 1939. 
1939) ; Nes. 1939; (Hypnos x Evo¬ 
lution) x (W. R. Dykes) ; □ nar¬ 

SUNNY JIM TB-M-La-R9M (Maples 
1939); Maples 1939; (Elizabeth 
Egelberg x Nene) x (Depute 

liams-T. A. 1939); Iris City 1939; 
Whiting 1939; (Chinook x Barba- 


1939); Tharp 1939; (Aphrodite x 

_ ) x (Pink Satin). 

TANAGRA TB-M-B9D (Cay. 1939) ; 
Cay-R, 1939. 

TENNYSON Jap-Dbl-6RD (Prichard 

(Prichard 1939). 

(Grant 1939); Vestal 1939; Wil- 
liams-T. A. 1939; (Winneshiek x 
--.-); □. 

A. E. 1939); Gage 1939; Kellogg 
1939; Nes. 1939; H. M., A. I. S. 
1939; □. 

THE MAJOR Jap-Dbl-6RM (Prich¬ 
ard 1939). 

TINTO TB-M-W2L (Gibson 1939) ; 

Gibson Ltd. 1939; □ medium. 
D. 1939); Cooley 1939; (Daunt¬ 
less x Rameses) x (Jean Cay- 

TOUCH O’BLUE TB-M-W2 (Millik. 

1939) ; Millik. Gard. 1939. 
(Prichard 1939). 

1939); Kirk. 1939; Gideon. 

TUCKAHOE Vinic-R9D (Wash. 

1939); Nes. 1939; Tuckahow. 

1939); Kirk. 1939; □- 
UNDULATUS Jap-Sgl-2RL (Prich 
ard 1939). 

Velvet King TB-M-R4D (Covert 
1939) withdrawn fr. sale. 
VENDOR DB-M-WW (Callis 1939) ; 

Callis 1939; (Zua x _ ). 

1939); Cooley 1939; (Elizabeth 
Egelberg x Dauntless) ; □ slight 
honey locust. 

VINTAGE Jap Sgl-6BM (Prichard 


1939); Kirk. 1939; □. 

1939); Nic. 1939; Whiting 1939; 
(Valor x Lucero) ; □ honey lo¬ 

Tharp 1939); Tharp 1939; (Sol- 
ferino x Madam X) x (King 
Karl) . 

(Kirk. 1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 
1939); Orp. 1939; (Pageant x 
Pervaneh) ; Silver Medal, Iris. Soc. 
(Eng.) 1937. 


1939) ; Kirk. 1939. 

1939); Orp. 1939; (Orange Queen 
x Senlac) ; □ sweet. 

lis 1939) ; Callis. 1939; (Dauntless 
x Imperial Blush) ; □ grape. 
C. 1939); Sim. 1939; (Balboa x 
Moonlight) . 

Wistaria Jap-Sgl-2BL (Prichard 

(Wayman 1939); Wayman 1939; 

Super Wolseley. 


Callis 1939; (Dr. Mann x _); (Smith-K. 1939); Nes. 1939; IT. 

very □. M., A. I. S. 1939. 

Note: Replies to the letter sent to all members in August were 
unanimous in nominating the following four Directors to serve from 
January 1, 1940 through December, 1942: Mr. Frederick W. Casse- 
beer, Professor E. 0. Essig, Dr. H. II. Everett and Dr. Robert 


The American Colorist. Faber Birren. The Crimson Press, West- 
port, Connecticut. 24 pages, 12 color charts. $1.00. 

The question of a useful color chart that need not cost too much 
nor be too cumbersome has long confronted the garden world. The 
present volume is certainly inexpensive, simple to use and easy to 
carry about. The plan on which it is devised seems excellent and 
the vocabulary that it will produce certainly will not be as horren¬ 
dous as that resulting from Ridgway for example, but some of the 
resulting combinations will have a quaint sound in our ears. For 
example, Light Weak Tone Jade and Dusky Grayish Tone Tur¬ 
quoise are almost as funny as Pale Venaceous Buff or Pleroma 

The most serious fault of the book, if it is to be used in serious 
color notation for garden records, is that it has no cross reference 
to other older color charts. After official records have been taken 
by one chart for over twenty years, it is hard to believe that any 
idiot can be found who will translate twenty years’ work into this 
current idiom. So perhaps, the book will be used only for new proj¬ 
ects or by those who only think they are going to be technical! 

The author objects to the levity of this review and points out that 
“Light Weak Tone Jade” has double significance in each word. 
Maybe so! Maybe so! But the fact remains that the gap between 
the old and the new is not bridged. 

[ 84 ] 


All of the dealers listed below are members of The American 
Iris Society. If you are buying Iris for your garden, it should be 
your particular pleasure to make your purchases from the dealers 
who have worked with and supported your society. Your officers 
and directors invite your particular attention to this list. They also 
ask a favor. When you order, tell the dealer you saw his name in 
the Bulletin and do him a favor by not asking for a catalog 
unless you mean business. 


and IRIS 



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Newest, Rarest and Finest Iris 


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Rook of the Iris.” Price $2.00 


Only best of old and new varieties, at attractive 
prices. Fine quality roots, liberally graded. Our 
Catalog names best commercial cut-flower varieties, 
and gives valuable planting and growing instruc¬ 

Growers of Fine Peonies since 1911 



Dr. Stout’s Hybrids exclusively. New colors, 
New types, new seasons. Get to know them 
by writing for our catalog. 


Box I, Weiser Park, Pa. 

American Lily Yearbook 

Each year the members of the American Iris Society read page 
after page of varietal notes about iris until they must find themselves 
in more or less of a whirl to keep each variety sharply defined in 
their minds. There is nothing better to clear one’s mind than a look 
at something else. Here is your chance. It’s a bargain too. For 
only $1.00 postpaid, you get all the essential data for one year that 
you might if you joined a Lily Society and paid three! Can you 
resist it? 

Make check payable to the American Horticultural Society, and 
send to 821 Washington Loan & Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C. 



M EMBERS of the American Iris Society who also enjoy roses to 
unite with it in improving and furthering the enjoyment of 
roses throughout the world. 

The American Rose Annual, sent to each member every year, 
describes all the new roses and is packed with information and in¬ 
spiration for rose growers. 

The American Rose Quarterly deals with current exhibitions, meet¬ 
ings, rose pilgrimages, roster of members, etc. 

"What Every Rose Grower Should Know/’ the Society’s book 
of instructions for rose-growing, is sent to each member. 

The Committee of Consulting Rosarians will give free advice on 
all rose subjects. 

Dues $3.50 per Year; Three Years for $10.00 


Harrisburg, Penna. 


A T a recent meeting of the American Peony Society the Board of 
Directors voted to make a drastic reduction in the price of the peony 
manual, good until available supply is exhausted or until the first of the 
year. Present price $2.25 postpaid. 

Every peony lover should have this manual with supplement, bound in 
one book, as it is an encyclopedia of peony knowledge obtainable from 
no other sources. Manual originally sold for $6.00. Present price far 
under cost of production. If you are looking for a real bargain, here's 
your chance. Don't hesitate. They are going fast at this price. Circular 
on request. 

Membership in the American Peony Society, four splendid bulletins 
and the beautiful, helpful Manual only $5.00. Make remittances to the 
American Peony Society and mail to 

W. F. CHRISTMAN, Secretary