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THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 

OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



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2'3;i;i>j 



CATALOGUE 



SEALS 



DEPARTMENT OF MANUSCRIPTS 



BRITISH MUSEUM 



BY 



W. DE GRAY BIRCH, LL.D., 

Assistant in the Dept. of MSS. 



VOLUME VI. 



PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 
SOLD AT THE BRITISH MUSEUM; 

AND BY 

Longmans and Co., 39 Paternoster Row ; Bernard Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly ; 

asher and co., i3 bedford street, covent garden ; 

Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., Paternoster House, 

Charing Cross Road; and 

Henry Frowde, Oxford University Press, Amen Corner : 

London. 

1900. 

\All rights reserved.] 



PUBLIC LIBRARY 
FULHAW. 



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LONDON: 
PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, Limited, 

STAMKOHU STKEET AND CHARING CROSS. 



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NOTICE. 

The present Volume contains descriptions, with twenty-four 
autotype plates, of the Seals of Foreign Countries (in con- 
tinuation) comprised in the Charters and Detached Series 
preserved in the Department of MSS. They are classified, 
as far as possible, in the same manner as those in the 
preceding Volumes. 

The Catalogue is the work of Dr. Walter de Gray Birch, 
the Senior Assistant of the Department. 

Dep.artment of MSS., 
Dec. 1899. 

EDWARD J. L. SCOTT, 

Keeper of the MSS. 



1195930 



( V ) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 
Europe {continued). 



SEALS OF DENMARK 1 



SEALS OF GERMANY 



Sovereigns S 

Austria 91 

Bavaria .. .. ,. .. ., 99 

Bohemia loj 

Brandenburg iii 

Brunswick 115 

Hungary 119 

Prussia 129 

Saxony 133 

WiJRTEMBERG I39 

Queens Consort 145 

Royal Offices and Officers :— 147 

Secreta, and Signets of Sovereigns .. .. .. .. 147 

Judicial Seals, Seals of the Judgment of the King's or 
Emperor's Court {Hofgerichts Siegel) ; the Sigillnm Pads 

{Landfriedens Siegel), etc. .. .. .. ,. .. 149 

Duchies of Lorraine or Lothier, etc. .. .. ., ,. 156 

Royal and Imperial Mines ., .. .. .. .. .. 157 

Ecclesiastical Seals :— 158 

Treves 158 

Miinster ,, .. .. .. .. .. .. ., 160 

Carden.. .. .. ., .. ., .. ., .. 160 

Cologne .. .. •. .. .. .. .. .. 161 

Coblenz .. .. .. .. ., .. ., .. 162 

Mainz .. .. .. .. .. .. ., ,. .. 163 

Frankfort .. ., ., ., .. .. .. .. 166 

Worms.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ., 167 



VI TABLE OF 'CONTENTS. 



Germany {continued) -. — iaoe 

i68 

178 

181 

.. 201 
205 

.. 2C36 

230 

232 



Monastic Seals.. 
Military Orders 

Local Seals • 

Equestrian Seals 

Figures of Noble Ladies .. 

Heraldic Seals 

Uncertain, probably of German origin 
Seals bearing Miscellaneous Devices 



SEALS OF ITALY 235 



Sovereigns 237 

Milan .. ■■ .. ..■ .. .. .. .. .. 239 

Naples, Jerusalem and Sicily ■ ■ 243 

Rome .. .. 251 

Popes .. .. .. .. .. 253 

College of Cardinals .. ..' ..' .. .. ., 321 

Ecclesiastical Offices and Officers of the Papal Court : — 343 

Auditor General .. ..■ .. .. .. .. 343 

Auditor Sacri Palacri .. ..' .. .. .. 343 

Auditor Causarum S. Palacii ..' ., .. .. 344 

Auditors Causar. S. Pal. Apostolici .. .. .. 344 

Auditor S. Pai; ad causas .. .. .. .. 348 

Chamberlains of the Holy See .. .. .. .. 348 

Chaplains .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 349 

Clerk of the Apostolic Chamber .. .. .. 350 

Chapter of St. Peter's .. .. .. .. ..351 

Collectors .. .. .. .. .. ,. ..351 

College of Archivists .. .. .. .. ,. 352 

Commissary .. .. .. .. .. .. 352 

Concordat ..• .. .. .. .. .. .. 353 

Count of the Lateran Palace ..' .. .. .. 353 

Cubicularius Secretus .. .. .. .. .. 353 

Delegates of the Apostolic See .. .. ..' .. 354 

L-egates • .. .. 354 

Notary Apostolic .. .. .. .. ' .. .. 355 

Nuncio Apostorlic ..' .. ..' .. ..'■ .. 356 

Nuntius Ordinarius .. .." .. .. .. 356 

Pcnitentiarius Major .. .. ..' .. .. 357 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. Vtl 

Italy [continued) : — page 

Proctor in the Papal Court .. ., .. .. 357 

Prothonotary Apostolic .. .. .. .. .. 357 

Scribe , .. 358 

Subdeacon .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 358 

Savoy „ .. , 359 

Venice, Doges .. .. 365 

Ecclesiastical Seals : — « .. .. .. .. .. 393 

itmonia, al. Citta-nuova .. .. .. .. .. .. 395 

Albano.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 396 

Bisaccia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 396 

Bisignano .. .. .. .. .. .... .. .. 397 

Bologna .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 397 

Caorle .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 398 

Castello, a/. Olivolo .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 398 

Cesena.. .. .. .. ., .. ,. .. ,, 399 

Ferentino .. .. .. ,. .. ,. ,. .. 399 

Ferrara .. .. .. ,. .. .. .. .. 399 

Foligno .. ., .. .. ., .. .. ., 400 

Genoa .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 400 

Giesolo, Equilio, or Jesolo .. .. .. .. .. .. 401 

Grado .. .. ., .. ,. .^ .. .. .. 401 

Lodi .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 402 

Mantua .. .. .. ., .. .. ,. .. 402 

Mariana .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 403 

Messina .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 403 

Monreale .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 403 

Motula.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 403 

Nebbio .. .. ., .. .. .. .. .. 404 

Oppido.. .. .. ,. .. .. .. .. .. 404 

Palermo .. .. .. .. ,. .. ,, .. 404 

Potenza .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 405 

Syracuse .. .. .. .. ., .. .. .. 405 

Torcello .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 406 

Venice and Dalmatia .. .. .. .. .. .. 406 

Vicenza .. .. .. ., ,, .. .. .. 407 

Uncertain .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 407 

Bishops in Partibus Infidelium, and of Foreign, Eastern, 

Asiatic and Oriental Sees, mostly attached to Offices in the 

Papal Court, etc. :— .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 409 

Actium .. .. .. .. .. „ .. .. 409 

AUeriensis Episcopus .. ., .. „ ,, .. 409 



VUI TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Italy {continued) : — page 

Antivari .. ,. .. .. .. .. .. .. 409 

Archadia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 410 

Aria .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4>o 

Bregerensis Episcepus .. .. .. .. .. .. 410 

Calliensis Episcopus.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4'° 

Capionensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 411 

Cardica .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41' 

Carminensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 411 

Cathanensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 412 

Cersonensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 412 

Cinensis .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 412 

Chirona or Kyrona .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 412 

Cochensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 413 

Corisopitensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. ..413 

Corone .. .. .. .. .. .. 413 

Crete 414 

Crispolitanensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 414 

Ganensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. •• 414 

Kiperia (Caliponensis Ep.) .. .. .. .. .. .. 414 

Laodicea ad Libanum .. .. .. .. .. .. 415 

Manasgardensis Episcopus.. .. .. .. .. ..415 

Mucarensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 416 

Natura.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4'6 

Nazariensis Episcopus .. .. ,. .. .. .. 416 

Nicomedia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 416 

Nissa and Parium .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 417 

Nubiensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 417 

Organchensis or Organdiensis Episcopus .. .. .. 417 

Ossory in Ireland 



Paneas.. 

Perensis Episcopus 
Philadelphia .. 
Pollensis Episcopus 



417 
418 
418 
418 
418 



Prissinensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 419 

Recreensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 419 

Rossonsis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 419 

Sabaliensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 420 

Saloncnsis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 420 

Saluberiensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 420 

Salvinensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 420 

Suariensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 421 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. ix 

Italy {continued) : — page 

Surrensis Episcopus.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 421 

Tartopolensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 421 

Thessalonica .. .. .. .. .. ^ .. .. .. 421 

Tiniensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 422 

Tinopolensis Episcopus .. .. .. ., .. .. 422 

Tyre .. .. .. .. .. .. ,. .. .. 422 

Vallona .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 423 

Vosprum or Bosporus .. .. .. .. .. .. 423 

Vrohensis Episcopus .. .. .. .. .. .. 423 

Zante .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 424 

Monastic Seals.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 425 

Religious Orders 434 

Local Seals .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 437 

Heraldic Seals 443 

Representations of Saints, etc. .. .. .. .. .. 454 

Seals bearing Miscellaneous Devices 456 



SEALS OF THE NETHERLANDS: 

BELGIUM AND HOLLAND .. .. 461 



State Seals .. .. 463 

Offices and Officers 465 

Ecclesiastical Seals : — 467 

Lifege 467 

Tournay or Doornik.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 468 

Utrecht .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 469 

Monastic Seals .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 470 

Local Seals 476 

Equestrian Seals .. .. .. .. .. ,. .. 509 

Figures of Noble and Illustrious Ladies 523 

Heraldic Seals .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 527 

Seals bearing Miscellaneous Devices 587 



SEALS OF NORWAY 591 



SEALS OF POLAND 597 



SEALS OF rORTUGAI 601 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



SEALS OF RUSSIA 



Czars 

Royal Offices . 

Heraldic Seals 



605 

607 
611 
612 



KING OF SERVIA 



61S 



SEALS 


OF 


SPAIN : 617 




Cash 


Ic and Leon 






. 617 


Sovereigns 


, 












. 619 


Privy Seal, Secretum 


. 












. 635 


Ecclesiastical Seals :- 


- 












. 637 


Burgos 


. 












. 637 


Compostella .. 


. 












. 637 


Osma 


. 












. 638 


Seville .. 


. 












• 639 


Toledo 


. 












• 639 


Inquisition 


. 












. 640 


Monastic Seals 














. 642 


Local Seals 


. 












. 644 


Equestrian Seal 


. 












. 647 


Heraldic Seals 


. 












. 648 




Aragon . 










. 651 




Majorca, or The Majorcas 




. 657 




Navarre .. 


• 


• 




. 66i 



SEALS OF SWEDEN 



673 



SEALS OF SWITZERLAND 



Ecclesiastical and Monastic Seals 

Local Seals 

Equestrian Seals 



677 

679 
682 
689 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. XI 



SEALS OF TURKEY 691 



Constantinople 694 

Cyprus 694 

Moldavia .. .. .. .. .. .. 694 

RouMANiA 695 



Asia 697 



Antioch .. .. 699 

Ephesus 699 

Jerusalem and The Orient 701 

Jewish Seals 705 



Africa 709 



Patriarch of Alexandria 711 



America 713 



United States .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 715 

Confederate States 715 

New England .. .. .. .. .. 715 

Massachusetts .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 716 

Pennsilvania 717 

Georgia 717 

Brazil 717 

La Plata .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 718 

Mexico 718 



KING OF NEW ZEALAND 



719 



Appendix 723 

Alphabetical Index to the Whole Volume , 733 



Xll 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



LIST OF PLATES. 



Plate 


1. 


Plate 


ii. 


Plate 


iii. 


Plate 


iv. 


Plate 


V. 


Plate 


vi. 


Plate 


vii. 


Plate 


viii. 


Plate 


ix. 



Plate X. 



Plate xi. 



Plate xii. 



Germany. — Seals of Sovereigns, viiith to xiith century. 
Germany. — Seals of Sovereigns, xiith to xvth century. 
Germany. — Seals of Sovereigns. xivth to xviiith 

century. 
Germany. — Ecclesiastical and Monastic Seals, etc. 
Germany. — Local Seals, xiiith to xviiith century. 
Germany. — Equestrian and Heraldic Seals, etc. 

Leaden Bull^ of Popes, viith to xvth century. 
Leaden Bullae of Popes, xvth to xviith century. 
Italy. — Princes ; Doges of Venice, etc. xth to xvth 

century. 
Italy. — Cardinals, Papal Officers, etc. xiiith to xvith 

century. 

Italy.— Ecclesiastical and Monastic Seals, etc. 

xiiith to xviith century. 
Italy. — Local and Heraldic Seals, xiiith to xviith 

century. 



Plate xiii. Netherlands. — State Seals, xvith and xviiith centuries. 
Plate xiv. Netherlands. — Ecclesiastical and Monastic Seals. 

xiith to xviith century. 
Plate XV. Netherlands.— Local Seals, xiiith and xivth centuries. 
Plate xvi. Netherlands.— Local Seals, xiiith to xviiith century. 
Plate xvii. Netherlands.— Seals of Noble Personages, xiiith 

century. 
Plate xviii. Netherlands. — Heraldic Seals, etc. xiith to xvith 

century. 



Plate xix. Spain, etc. — Royal Bullae, xiith to xivth century. 
Plate XX. Spain, etc. Royal Bvllm. and Seal, xivth to xvith 

century. 
Plate xxi.' Spain, etc. — Episcopal, Monastic, Equestrian and 

Heraldic Seals. 
Plate xxii. Spain. — Local Seals, xiiith to xvth century. 
Plate xxiii. Seals of Norway, Poland, Switzerland, etc. 
Plate xxiv. Seals of Servia, Moldavia, and Jerusalem. 



i=>UBLIC LIEiRAHV 
F-ULHAM. 



CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



EUROPE {continued). 



DENMARK. 



Prior of a Religious Order in Denmark. 

Probably the Prior Provincial of the Order of 'Carmelites 
or Dominicans. 

21,108. [15 cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix preserved in the Department of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. i| X i in. [cxxiv. 177.] 

Pointed oval : a dexter hand and arm issuing from the 
sinister, holding a conventional fleur-de-lis of elaborate design, 
on which are perched two birds reguardant. 

e« S' ■ PRIORIS • D6 • DAN6MARCHIA. 

Sociiti de Sphragistique de Paris, vol. iv., p. 282. 



The Danish Legation in London. 
Letter Seal. 

21,109. [Modern]. Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from matrix. I-J X ll in. [xlix. 54.] 

Oval : on a plinth or corbel a shield of arms : a cross patt^e 
bordered, cantoned with four great quarterings ; i. semt' of 
hearts, three lions passant in pale, crowned, DENMARK ; 2. 
two lions passant in pale, Sleswick ; 3. Cotipi\ a. three crowns, 
two and one, Sweden (Ancient) ; b. per pale, dex. a fish 
erect, crowned, ICELAND, sin., conpi', a. a paschal lamb, 
Gothland ; /;. uncertain, Hol.SATIA (?) ; 4. CoupL\ a. semt' 
of hearts, a lion passant ; /'. a dragon, VandaliA. Over 

vol. VI. B 



CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



all an escutcheon, quarterly ; I. SCHAUMBERG ; 2. StoR- 
MARN ; 3. DiTMARSCHEN ; 4. uncertain. Over all, again, an 
escutcheon, of which the charges are obliterated. The shield 
is ensigned with a ro)'al crown, and supported by two savages, 
girt and crowned with ivy, leaning on clubs. In base portions 
of the collars, with the badges, of the Orders of the WHITE 
Elephant, and of the Danebrog. 

REGIS ■ DANI/E • LEGATIO • LONDINI. 



Cf. Add. MS. 31,966, fol. 20. 



GERMANY. 



B 2 



GERMANY. 



SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 

CHARLEMAGNE, or CARL I., " Der Grosser 
A.D. 76S-814. 

21,110. Plaster cast tinted green, from good impression. 
About If X ItV in- [-"^li- i-] 

Oval : impression from an oval intaglio engraved stone. 
A bust, draped, turned to the r. in profile. 

+ XPE PROTEGE CAROLVM REGE FRANC. 

The N in Franc is formed with one perpendicular stroke, 
with V added, thus : IV. 

D'Arcq, Collection des Sceaux, etc., Paris, 3 torn., 1863, No. 15. 
('.■ This work is comprised among the Inventaires et Documents publics 
par Ordre de V Empereur, and is referred to in this volume under the 
reference " D'Arcq.") Trhor de Numismatique et de Glyptique ; Sceaux 
des Rois, etc., fol., Paris, 1834, pi. i., fig. 8 ; Brit. Mus. Photographs, 
pi. 1012, fig. I. See also Catal. of Seals in Brit. Mus., vol. v., p. iii, 
No. 18,059, where a cast of an impression of the same seal is described 
in the series of Sovereigns of France, and plate iv., where the same is 
figured. Charlemagne, son of Pepin Le Bref, "rdunit toute la IVIonar- 
chie Frangaise en 771 et fut couronn^ Empereur en 800," Peeffel, 
Histoire d^Allemagne, 1754, p. 22. 



LUDWIG I., or LOUIS " Le Dcbomtaire." 
A.D. 8 1 3-840. 

21,111. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
li X 1 in. [xli. 2.] 

Oval : a bust, draped, turned to the r, in profile. The 
drapery fastened over the 1. shoulder by a fibula ; open crown 
or coronet ; spear ; and top part of a circular shield. 

+ HLVDOVVICVS REX. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 2. 



CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Another Seal, as Emperor. 

21,112. [a.D. 8 1 6.] Plaster cast, tinted green, from some- 
what indistinct impression, i-^ X i\ in. [xli. 3.] 

Oval : a bust in profile to the r., crowned with laurel, 
drapery fastened over 1. shoulder with a fibula. Perhaps 
from a Roman intaglio. 

+ XPE PROTEGE HLVDOVVICVM IMPERATORE". 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 17 ; Trt'sor, pi. i., figs. 10, 1 1 ; Brit Mus. Photogr., 
pU. 998, fig. u ; 1012, fig. 3. See also Catal. of Seals in Brit. Mus., 
vol. v., p. 112, Nos. 18,061 ; 18,062. 



HLOTHARIUS, or LOTHAR I. A.D. 840-855. 

21,113. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
\\ X If in. [xli. 4.] 

Oval : impression of an antique irregular-oval intaglio gem. 
Bust in profile to the r., crowned with laurel. Perhaps a 
portrait of Caracalla or Alexander Severus. 

+ XPE ADIVVA HLOTHARIVM AVG. 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 20 ; Trtfsor, pi. i., fig. 12 ; Brit. Mus. Photographs, 
pll. 998, fig. 12, loii, fig. 4. See also Catal. of Seals in Brit. Mus., 
vol. v., p. 112, No. 18,063. 



Another Seal, as King of the Franks. 

21,114. Plaster cast from good impression. i^ X i^ in. 
[xli. 5.] 

Oval : a bust to the r. in profile, draped, the head bound 
with a chaplet of laurel. 

+ XPE ADIVVA HLOTHARIVM REG. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 5. 



LOUIS, or LUDWIG 11., King of the 

Romans, etc. A.D. 843-876. 

21,115. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
but legend very indistinct, i^ X li in. [.xli. 6.] 

Oval : a bust in profile to the 1., filleted with a laurel 
chaplet. From an antique intaglio gem or precious stone. 
+ XPE PROTEGE H ICVM REGEM. 

Pearled border incuse. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 6. 



GERMANY :— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 



LOUIS, or LUDWIG III., of Gerviany. 

Rex Saxonim ei Rovtanorum. 

A.D. 876-882. 

21,116. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impression. 
If X If in. [xli. 7.] 

Oval : a bust in profile to the 1., helmeted (?), in the r. h. a 
lance, held obliquely behind the head. From an antique 
oval intaglio gem. 

+ XPE PROTEGE HLVDOICVM REGEM. 

Carved border incuse. 

Brit. Mils. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig./; D'Arcq, No. 10,881, from 
original appended to a document, dated a.d. 878. 



CAROLUS III. "Z^ Gros;' al. CARL, '' Der Dicke," 

King of Swabia, A.D. 876 ; King of Italy and 

Emperor, A.D. 88 1-888. 

21,117. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
i-y in. The handle of the matrix, formed like a fleur-de-lis, 
is impressed on the cast. [xli. 8.] 

A bust in profile to the 1., hair tied with ribbons, chaplet 
of laurel, the drapery fastened up on the r. shoulder ; buckler 
or shield, the upper part, which is rounded, only shown ; 
lance with flag of three streamers. 

KAROLVS IMPERATOR. 

Brit. Mils. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 8 ; D'Arcq describes a seal and 
a leaden bulla of this Sovereign, neither of which agrees with the above. 



ARNOLP, or ARNULP, son of CarLOMAN, 

King of Bavaria and Italy ; Dnke of Carinthia, 

A.D. 880 ; King of Germany, A.D. 888 ; crowned 

Emperor of Rome, A.D. 896 ; ob., A.D. 899. 

21,118. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
If X 14 in. [xli. 9.] 

Oval : a bust in profile to the r., hair tied with a fillet of 
laurel ; drapery fastened with a round buckle on the r. 
shoulder, circular shield showing only the upper part ; short 
spear. 

ARNOLFVS REX. 

Brit. .Utis. Pliotographs, p!. 1012, fig. 9. 



CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



LOUIS, or LUDWIG IV., {sometimes called 

LUDWIG III.), " Das Kind" King of Germany, 

A.D. 899-911. 

21,119. Plaster cast, tinted green, from very indistinct 
impression, i-i- in. [xli. 10.] 

A bust in profile to the r., couped at the breast, draped, 

filleted with a laurel chaplet ; circular shield with central 

boss or spike ; lance or spear in the r. h., held over the shoulder 

obliquely. 

HLVDOVICVS REX. 

Brit. Miis. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 10 ; D'Arcq describes (No. 10,882) 
a leaden bulla of this Sovereign, the last of the Carlovingian dynasty. 



CHUONRADUS, or CONRAD I., Count of Franconia, 
elected King of Germany, A.D. 912 ; ob., A.D. 919. 

21.120. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
1 1- in. [xli. II.] 

A half-length figure of the King, profile to the r., wearing 
an open crown of three fleurs-de-lis on a jewelled circlet ; in 
the r. h. a lance flag with two streamers ; in the 1. h. a circular 
convex shield with central boss. 

+ CHVONRADVS REX. 

Brit. Miis. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 11. The art of this seal is 
interesting as it shows the blending of the late Byzantine style with the 
nascent native German feeling which gradually becomes more apparent, 
while the former disappears. 

Another Seal. 

21.121. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indistinct 
impression. \-S^ in. [.xli. 12.] 

Similar in design to, but slightly smaller than the preceding 
seal. No. 21,120. The proportions of the details are different 
to those already described. The crown or coronet has no 
fleurs-de-lis. ^ CHVONRADNS REX. 

The second V in CHUONR.A.DUS is represented by an 
oblique stroke united to the end of the S. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 12. 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 



HEINRICH I., " The Fowler^' Duke of Saxony, A.D. 912 ; 
elected King of Germany, A.D. 919 ; ob., A.D. 936. 

21,122. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct im- 
pression. With mark of the handle. i|X lA- in. [xli. 13.] 

Oval : a bust in profile to the r. ; hair in a broad fillet ; 
drapery fastened over r. shoulder with a fibula. 

^ HENRIQ- REX. 



The matrix, apparently of precious stone, has been set in 
1 indented edge of metal. 
Brit. Mus, Photographs, pi. 10 12, fig. 13. 



OTTO I., elected King of Germany, A.D. 936 ; ob., A.D. 973. 

21.123. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, en 
placard. 2\ in. With mark of the handle, [xli. 14.] 

A half-length figure of the King, in profile to the r. ; coronet 
or broad fillet ; drapery fastened up over r. shoulder ; in the 
r. h. a lance-flag with three streamers ; in the 1. h. a circular 
convex shield with central boss and radiating lines of metal, 
alternated with groups of studs. 

© OTTO Dl GRA REX * 

The matrix, apparently consisting of a precious stone, has 
been set in a metal edge with engrailed or toothed rim. 

Heineccius, De Vett. Gennanorum SigilL, Francof., 1709, f., p. 90, 
mentions a seal anterior to this, and states that this occurs in charters 
dated A.D. 937 and 945. Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 14; 
Zyllesius, Dcfeiisio S. Maxirnini, iii., pp. 16-18, with charters dated 
A.D. 960, 953 ; also a variant in Collection of Charters, p. 6. Cf. Schil- 
lingk, Antiquilates Archiepiscopatus Magdeburgensis, in front., Jens, 
1684. 

Another seal of OTTO I., " the Great,'' as Emperor, A.D. 962. 

21.124. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
en placard. 2^ in. [xli. 1 5.] 

A half-length figure of the Emperor, full-face, bearded ; 
with open crown of three points or fleurs ; in the r. h. a 
sceptre topped with a fleur-de-lis ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound 
of large dimensions. 

* OTTO IMPERATOR AVGVSTVS. 

Brit. .tf;'s. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 15 ; Zyllesius, Defens. S. Maxi- 
rnini, iii., p. 22, from a charter dated A.D. 965. 



10 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



OTTO II., King of Gennany, A.D. 961 ; Emperor, A.D. 967 ; 
succeeded in A.D. 973 ; ob., A.D. 983. 

Seal, as Emperor. 

21,125. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
en placard. 2\ in. [.\li. 16.] 

A half-length figure of the Emperor, full-face, bearded ; 
diadem or bonnet with three pearled points ; toga of flowing 
drapery fastened over the r. shoulder with a fibula ; under 
dress, ox paltidamentuni, with embroidered sleeves ; in the r. h. 
a staff, with knob at top ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound 
surmounted with a cross. 

© OTTO IMP AVG. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 16 ; Zyllesiiis, Defcns. S. Maxi- 
tnini. p. 26, from a charter dated A.D. 974 ; Collection of Charters, p. 12 ; 
D'Arcq, No. 10,883. 



OTTO III., Emperor Elect, a.d. 982 ; Emperor, 
A.D. 983 ; ob., A.D. 1002. 

Seal, as Emperor. 

21.126. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
en placard. 3| in. [xli. 17.] 

The Emperor, full-face, standing on a mount or globe of 
the world, (the upper part only shown) ; crowned, draped 
with tunic and mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder ; in 
the r. h. a long spear ; in the 1. h. a mound. 

ti OTTO Dl GRATIA ROMANORV IMP AVG. 
Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 17. 

A nother seal, as Kitig of Germany. 

21.127. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impression, 
en placard. 21 in. [xli. 18.] 

A half-length figure of the King, full-face, with open crown 
of three points, tunic, and toga or mantle gathered up on the 
r. shoulder and fastened with a fibula ; in the r. h. a sceptre 
fleury ; in the 1. h. a mound or orb. 

OTTO Dl DRACIA REX. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1012, fig. 18 ; Zyllesius, /. c, p. 28, from a 
deed dated A.D. 990. 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 1 1 



HEINRICH II., " Le Boiteiix ; " Duke of Bavaria ; 
elected, A.D. 1002 ; ob., a.d. 1024. 

21,128. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2-f- in. [xli. 19.] 

The King, full-face, with crown of three points ; tunic, 
mantle fastened up with a brooch ox fibula, over the r. shoulder ; 
in the r. h. a sceptre fleur-de-lisi\ in the 1. h. a mound on 
which is marked a cross ; seated on a cushioned throne, 
carved front, rectangular footboard, no back. 

+ HEINRICHVS Dl GRATIA REX. 
Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 10 12, fig. 19. 



CHUONRADUS, or CONRAD II., Dtike of Franconia ; 
King of Germany, A.D. 1024; ob., A.D. 1039. 

21,129. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good, but imperfect 
impression. 2^ in. [xli. 20.] 

The King, full-face ; with open crown of three points, tunic, 
mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a 
sce^ire fleicr-de-lis^ ; in the 1. h. a long staff, the head broken 
off; seated on a cushioned throne, carved front, rectangular 
footboard. 

+ vs Di gratia rex. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1013, fig. i ; Zyllesius, I. c, p. 34. 



HEINRICH III., Elect King of Germany, A.D. 1026 : 
consecrated, A.D. 102S ; succeeded, A.D. 1039 ; ob., a.d. 105G. 

Seal, as King. 

21,130. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
en placard. 31 in. [xli. 21.] 

The King, full-face, bearded ; cap-shaped crown with fillet 
and hoop, and three points or fleurs : tunic, mantle fastened 
on the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a sceptre topped with an eagle 
rising contourn^, with opened wings ; in the 1. h. a staff or 
sceptre with knob on the top ; seated on a cushioned throni. 
with rectangular footboard. 

S" HEINRICVS TERTIVS D"l GR^ REX. 
Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1013, fig. 2. 



12 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Seal, as Emperor, A.D. 1039-1056. 

21.131. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indistinct 
impression, (?///iAztv?;7/. 3^ in. [xli. 22.] 

The Emperor, full-face, crowned, mantle fastened up over 
the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. an orb or mound surmounted with 
a cross ; in the 1. h. a long sceptre or stsi^ Jletir-de-lisi' \ seated 
on a throne with two round-headed panels in the front, and 
projecting footboard. 

^ HEINRICVS Dl GRA TERCIXS ROMANORVM 
IMPERATOR AVG. 

The V in Tercius consists of an oblique stroke joined to the 
end of the S. The letters OR in Imperator are conjoined. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,884, describes a seal of the emperor, attached to_a 
document dated 1057, ^vith ajlifferent legend, viz.: + HEINRICVS Dl 
GRA ROMANOR' IMPR AVG. 

Smaller Seal, as King. 

21.132. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2\ in. [xli. 23.] 

The design of this impression resembles No. 21,130, but from 
a different matrix, and the proportions of the details not the 
same. 

^ HEINRICVS TERTIVS Dl GRA REX. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1013, fig. 3. 



HEINRICH IV., elected King of Germany, A.D. 1053 ; 
succeeded, A.D. 1056 ; crowned, A.D. 10S4 ; ob., A.D. 1106. 

Seal, as King. 

21.133. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression 
with mark of the handle. 3J- in. [xli. 24.] 

The King, full-face, crown of three points ; tunic, mantle 
fastened up over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a sceptre topped 
with an eagle, contourn^; in the 1. h. an orb or mound sur- 
mounted by a cross ; seated on a throne with two round- 
headed panels in front, and projecting footboard. 

* HEINRICVS Dl GRA REX. 
Cf. Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1013, figs. 4, 5. 

Another Seal. 

21.134. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression 
with mark of the handle. 2^ in. [xli. 25.] 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 1 3 

The design of this seal is very much like that of the 
preceding seal, No. 21,133, with variations in the proportions 
of the details, which are smaller. 

® HEINRICVS Dl GRA REX. 
Collection of Seals, pi. 5 ; Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1013, fig. 4. 

Another Seal, as King. 

21.135. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
3 in. [kW. 26.] 

The King, full-face, crowned as before ; tunic, mantle 
fastened up over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a sceptre topped 
with a bird ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by a 
cross ; seated on a throne ornamented with two round-headed 
panels in front, and projecting footboard. 

© HEINRICVS Dl GRA REX. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1013, fig. 5 ; cf. also Heineccius, pll. vi., 
fig. 5 ; vii., fig. I ; Zyllesius, /. c., p. 43. 

Another Seal, as King. 

21.136. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2-i- in. [xli. 27.] 

The design of this seal resembles that of the two preceding 
seals, but from a different matrix, and the proportions of the 
details vary slightly. 

* HEINRICVS Dl GRA REX. 

Cf. Heineccius, /. c., pi. vi., fig. 6. For the Imperial Seal of Hcinrich 
IV., see Uredius, Geneal. Flaiid., p. 12 ; Zyllesius, /. c., p. 50. 

Smaller Seal, as King. 

21.137. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2Vk in. [xli. 28.] 

Similar in design to, but smaller than, the preceding seal of 



this sovereign. 



+ HEINRICVS REX. 



RUDOLF, Duke of Swabia, King of Germany, and Emperor, 
A.n. 1077 ; ob., A.D. 1080. 

Seal, as King. 

21,138. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indistinct 
impression. 3-J in. [xli. 29.] 

The King, full-face, wearing a crown of three points or 
fleurs, with straps hanging down at the ears ; mantle fastened 



14 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a short sceptre topped with a 
ball and eagle close contourn^ ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound 
surmounted by a small cross ; seated on a cushioned throne 
without back, ornamented with rows of studs and two tiers of 
round-headed arches, two arches on each side ; feet on a 
projecting ledge or footboard. 

* RVDOLFVS • D_l ■ GRA • REX. 

Beaded borders. 

Brit. Mils. Photographs., pi. 1013, fig. 6. 



HEINRICH IV., used by HEINRICH V., 

elected King of Germany, A.D. 1099; succeeded, A.D. 1106; 
ob., A.D. 1 125. 

Seal, as Emperor. 

21,139. Plaster cast, tinted green, from a good impression, 
with mark of the handle. 3^ in. [xli. 30.] 

The Emperor, full-face ; with crown of three fleurs ; long 
tunic, mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a 
sceptre Jleur-de-listf ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted 
with a cross ; seated on a carved throne, cushioned, the ends 
ornamented with heads of animals, in the front panel two 
round-headed arches and strips of moulding. 

© HEINRICVS m GRA ROMANORVM llll IMPR AVG. 

Edge or border of seal slightly pearled. 

Zyllesius, /. c, p. 50 ; Hcineccius, /. c. Tab. vii., fig. 3 ; Brit. Mus. 
Photographs, pi. 1013, fig. 7. 



LOTHAR II., i.e. Ill,, Duke of Saxony, A.D. 1 106 ; elected 
Emperor, A.D. 1125 ; ob., A.D. 11 37. 

Seal, as King. 

21,140. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indis- 
tinct impression, en placard, with mark of the handle. 3| in. 
[xli. 31.] _ 

The King, full-face, with crown as before described from 
previous sovereigns, mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder, 
in the r. h. a sceptre fleuy-de-lise ; in the 1. h. an orb or 
mound surmounted by a cross. He is seated on a cushioned 
throne without back, ornamented with two round-headed 
arches. 

■^ ■ LOTHARIVS Dei GRATIA TERGIVS ROMANORVM R6X. 

Collection oj Cliarlcrs, pi. 7, from imjiression attached en placard to a 
deed bearing date A.D. 1129, 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 1 5 



Seal, as Einperor. A.D. 1133. 

21.141. Plaster cast, tinted green, from chipped innpression. 
31 in. [xli. 32.] 

The Emperor, full-face, with crown of three fleurs, and 
having two hanging straps each with three ball-shaped 
pendants ; long tunic, mantle fastened up over the r. 
shoulder; on the r. h. a long szsptxQ Jleur-de-Us^ ; in the 1. h. 
an orb or mound surmounted with a cross. The monarch 
is seated on a cusliioned throne, without back, ornamented 
with two small round-headed arches ; feet on a projecting 
footboard. 

* • LOTHARIVS • D3I SRATIA R M IMPR ■ AVG. 

Cf. Heineccius, /. c, Tab. vii., fig. 4. This author explains the title 
iertius, and comments on the appendages at the sides of the crown, 
pp. 100, lOI. 

CUNRADUS or CONRAD II., i.e. III., Dtike of Franconia, 
elected E^nper or, A.D. 11 38; ob., A.D. 11 52. 

Seal, as King. 

21.142. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2| in. [xli. 33.] 

The King, full-face, with tall mitre-shaped crown of three 
fleurs, and two hanging straps each ornamented with three 
ball pendants ; mantle bordered with embroidery and fastened 
up over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a sceptre with five flcury 
leaves at top ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted with 
a cross. He is seated on a throne having an ornamental 
back, enriched with cresting along the top, and diaper work 
behind ; the front panel carved with two rows of round-headed 
arches ; the feet on a projecting footboard. 

S« CVNRADVS • D'l • GR'A • ROMANORV : REX • II. 

Brit. Mils. Photographs, pi. 1013, fig. 8 ; Heineccius, /. c. Tab. vii., 
fig. I. This author explains the title II., p. 102. 



FRIEDRICH I., " Barbarossa," Duke of Swabia, A.D. 1 147 ; 
elected Emperor, A.D. 1152 ; ob., A.D. 1190. 

Seal, as Emperor. 

21,143. Plaster cast, tinted green, from a good impression. 

31 in- ['^li 34-] 

The Emperor, full-face, with crown as described for his 
predecessor. No. 21,142; tunic, mantle with embroidered border, 
fastened up over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a sceptre fleury 
surmounted with a cross pattee \ in the 1. h. an orb or mound 



l6 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



surmounted by a cross. Seated on a carved throne with 
ornamental back, inlaid with gems, and enriched with various 
designs as round-headed arches, annulets, etc. ; feet on a 
projecting ledge or footboard. 

[*] FREDERIC • DEI • GRA ■ ROMANO? IMPERATOR ■ AVGCSJ. 

Brit. Mu?. Photographs, pi. 1013, tig. g; Heineccius, /. c, Tab. viii., 
fig. 3 ; Zyllesius, /. c, p. 59 ; Collection of Charters, pi. S, from a docu- 
ment, dated a.d. 1163 ; Uredius, Gciual. Flandr., p. iS, etc. 



HEINRICH VI., elected King of Germany, a.d. i 169 ; 
succeeded, A.D. 11 90; ob., a.d. 1197. 

Seal, as King. 

21,144. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indis- 
tinct impression with broken edge. 3 in. [xli. 35.] 

The King, full-face, with crown, as described for his 
predecessors, see Nos. 21,142, 21,143; embroidered dress; 
mantle with embroidered border fastened up over the r. 
shoulder ; in the r. h. a long sceptre with three fleurs-de-lis 
along the stem, one above the other, gradually increasing in 
size towards the one on the summit ; in the 1. h. an orb or 
mound surmounted by a cross. Seated on a carved throne, 
with pointed back, finials, and ornamental ledge or footboard. 

HGINRICVS • Dei • GRACIA • ROMANOR • R6X. 
The letters OB in ROMANOR are conjoined. 



PHILIP, Prince of Tuscany, A.D. 1195 ; Duke of Szvabia, 
A.D. 1 196; elected Emperor, A.D. 1197 ; ob., A.D. 1208. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21,145. Plaster cast, tinted green, from imperfect, indis- 
tinct impression. 3| in. [xli. 36.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, with crown as described 
before ; embroidered dress ; mantle bordered, fastened up 
over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a sceptre with triple fleurs, 
as described on No. 21,144; in the 1. h. an orb or mound 
surmounted with a cross. Seated on a carved throne, with 
pointed back, finials topped with the cross, jewelled panels, 
and ornamental footboard. The design of the seal resembles 
generally very closely that of the preceding seal. 

PHILIPP9 : DEI : GR CROMAINO? ■ RGX ■ 

eT • SGM.P • AVGVST9. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1014, fig. i ; cf. a variant type in Uredius, 
Ceneal. Flandr., p. iS. 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 1/ 

OTTO IV., Ditke of Ardennes and Count of Poitou, A.D. 1 190 ; 

elected Emperor, A.D. 1 197 ; recognised by all 

Germany, A.D. 1208 ; ob., A.D. 1218. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21,146. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
3f in. [xli. 37.] 

The Emperor, full-face, crowned ; with tunic, and bordered 
mantle fastened in front of the breast with a large fermail, 
or brooch ; in the r. h. a sceptre fleury topped with a cross ; in 
the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by a cross. Seated on 
a throne without back, with carved front panel and footboard 
slightly curved. In the background over the shoulders, on 
the r. a sun-star, on the 1. a crescent moon. 

* : Oei GRACIA OTTO ROMANORVM IMPPeRATOR : 
6T : S6MP6R AVGVST? : 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1014, fig. 2 ; Heineccius, /. c. Tab. viii., 
fig. 5, and see note on the design and details, ibid., p. 104. 



PRIEDRICH II., elected King of the Romans, A.D. 1 196 ; 
elected Emperor, A.D. 1212 ; King of Sicily ; ob., A.D. 1250. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21.147. Plaster cast, tinted green, from chipped, some- 
what indistinct impression. 3^ in. [xli. 38.] 

The King-emperor, full- face, cap-shaped crown with fillet 
and three fleurs, embroidered dress, and mantle fastened on 
the breast ; in the r. h. a fleury sceptre topped with a cross ; 
in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted with a cross. 
Seated on an elaborately carved throne, with pointed back, 
finials topped with fleurs-de-lis, feet on an arcaded foot- 
board. 

© FRID6RICVS • D€l • GRA • ROMANO9 • R6X • 
7 • Sewe ■ A[VGVS]T\S. 

In the field : eT • R6X • siGiLie. 

The letters OR in ROMANORUM are a monogram, and the 
third V in Augustus is composed of a single oblique line 
forming a monogram with the final S. 

Another Seal. 

21.148. Plaster cast, tinted green, from chipped, somewhat 
indistinct impression. 34- in. [xli. 39.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, crowned ; under-dress, and 
mantle fastened up over the breast in front ; in the r. h. a 
VOL. VL C 



1 8 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



sceptre fleury topped with a cross ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound 
surmounted by a cross. Seated on an ele^^antly carved chair- 
like throne, with rounded footboard. 

* FRIDGRICVS • Dl • GRA • ROMANOR • R6X • GT • Sle • 
AVGVST ■ ex ■ Rex • SIGIL'. 
Beaded borders. 

Brit. Mils. Photographs, pi. 1014, fig. 3 ; Heineccius, /. c, Tab. xvii., 
fig. I. 

Another Seal. 

21.149. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good, but chipped, 
impression. 31 in. [xli. 40.] 

Resembles in general aspect the two preceding seals, but 
simpler in design, and the proportions of details different. 
The sce'ptre Jleur-de-list^. 

^ FRIDERICVS "Dl G'RA IMPERATOR ROMANORV 
3 SEM.P AVGVST'. 

The letters AV in AUGUSTUS are conjoined in monogram. 
Cf. Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1014, fig. 4; D'Arcq, No. 10,887. 

Later Seal, as King of Jerusalem. 

21.150. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2J- in. [xli. 41.] 

This .seal from the same matrix as the preceding. No. 21,149. 
with addition of the words 3 Rex leRLM across the field. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1014, fig. 4 ; Heineccius, /. c, Tab. xvii., 
fig. 2. See also a seal of the emperor described by D'Arcq, No. 10,889, 
not represented in the series now under notice. 

The Golden Bulla. 

21.151. Plaster casts, tinted green, of the Golden Bulla. 

2-rV in- [xli- 4^, 43-] 

0. The Emperor, King of the Romans, full-face, with cap- 
shaped crown, embroidered dress and bordered mantle 
fastened over the breast ; in the r. h. a sceptre jlew-de-lise ; 
in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by a cross ; seated on 
a carved throne with two finials in the form of orbs topped 
with the cross. 
FReoeRicvs oei gra romanor Rex 3 seivie avgvstvs. 

In the field at the sides, the continuation of the legend : — 

6T Rex SICILie. 

The lettering is reversed, and smaller than the legend 
round the seal. It seems to have been added later. 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 1 9 

R. A representation of the City of Rome, in the form of an 
edifice with triangular pediment on a tower of two storeys of 
arcaded worl:, flanl^ed by circular side towers. In the large 
central round-headed doorway the inscription : — 

AVR 
EAR 

OMA 

i.e. Aurea Roma. The background is replenished with small 
quatrefolls and flowers. 
© ROMA • CAPVT MVNDI ■ RGGIT • ORBIS • FR6NA ■ ROTVNDI. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1014, figs. 5, 6 ; cf. variants in Heineccius, 
/. c. Tab. ii., fig. I ; Uredius, Ceneat. Flandr., p. 19 ; D'Arcq, No. 10,886, 
from a document, dated a.d. 1235. 

The Smaller Golden Bulla, 

21,152. Plaster cast, tinted green, of the obv. only of this 
Golden Bulla. i|- in. [xli. 44.] 

The Emperor of the Romans, King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 
full-face, crowned ; in the r. h. the sceptre topped with the 
patriarchal cross of Jerusalem ; in the 1. h. the orb or mound 
surmounted by a cross. Seated on a chair-like throne with 
projecting footboard. 

Legend : — 

© FRID6RIC' Dl GRA ROMANOR IMPATOR SE|> AVG' 

continued in the field : — 

ST5 a REX leRL'CM 3 SICILIE. 

The words I6RL'6M 3 have been added apparently later. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1014, fig. 7 ; D'Arcq, No. 10,886, with 
description of a reverse resembling the rev. described for the previous 
golden bulla, No. 21,151, and bearing the same legend, attached to a 
document, dated A.D. 1235. Cf. Uredius, Getieal. Flandr., p. i8 ; 
Heineccius, /. c, Tab. xix., fig. i. 



HEINRICH VII., son of t lie Emperor Frederic II., 

elected King of tlie Romans, KV). 1220; crowned, 

A.D. 1222 ; ob., A.D. 1236. 

21153. Plaster cast, tinted green, from chipped, indistinct 
impression. 3-L in. [xli. 45.] 

The King, full-face, with crown ; mantle fastened over the 
breast ; in the r. h. a sceptre fleury topped with a cross ; in 
the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted with a cross. Seated 
on a chair-like throne, with projecting footboard. 
fii HGHRICVS Dl GRA ROMANORVM R6X 3 SeiVl.p AVGVSTVS. 

D'Arcq, No. io,SSS. from a deed, dated A.D. 1228. 

C 2 



20 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Seal, as Duke of Sivabia. 

21,154. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
[xli. 46.] 

From same matrix as preceding seal, No. 21,153, with 
addition to legend by placing across background the con- 
tinuation : — 

3 Dvx s_vevi€. 



Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1014, fig. S. 



CUNRADUS, or CONRAD IV., elected King of the Romans, 
A.D. 1237 ; succeeded, A.D. 1250 ; ob., a.d. 1254. 

Seal, as King Elect, and heir of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. 

21,155. Plaster cast, tinted green, from chipped imperfect 
impression. 2f in. [xli. 47.] 

The King-elect, full-face, with crown, mantle fastened in 
front, sceptre fleur-de-lise and orb. Seated on a carved 
throne with projecting footboard. 

* CUNRAD9 ■ DCIVI • AVG'TI • IMPRIS •] FRIDICI • FILI' • 
Dl • GRA ■ ROMANOR • I ■ ReGG ■ 6L6GT'. 

continued across field of seal. 

& HERGS • ieRL[M.] 

Some pairs of letters are conjoined. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1014, fig. 9 ; Heineccius, /. c, Tab. ix., 
fig. 2 ; Uredius, Gcneal. Ftandr., p. 19 ; Zyllesius, /. c, p. 60 ; Add. MS. 
27,345, P- 79- 



HEINRICH VIII., " Raspon," or " Raspe," Landgrave of 
Hesse and Thuringia, Anticesar. A.D. 1246, 1247. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21,156. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
31 in. [xli. 41.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, crowned and vested with royal 
robes ; buckled baldric ; embroidered bordure to the mantle, 
which is fastened up in front over the breast ; in the r. h. a 
sceptre ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by a cross. 
Seated on a carved throne, with projecting footboard. 

© H6INR1CVS • DEI ■ GRACIA • ROMANORVM • ReX • 
ex • SGM.P ■ AVGVSTVB. 

Inner border engrailed, outer border beaded. 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 2t 

WILHELM, Count of Holland, Anticesar. A.D. 1247-1256. 
Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21,157. Plaster cast, tinted green from good, but chipped, 
impression. 3|- in. [xli. 49.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, long hair, with crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis ; vested in royal robes, with mantle fastened in 
front over the breast with a cruciform fibula ; in the r. h. a 
sceptre topped with a fleur-de-lis surmounted by a cross ; in 
the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by a cross. Seated on 
a carved throne enriched with ball-shaped finials topped with 
crosses, diapered screen-work, arcaded back, and crocketed 
cresting ; the monarch's feet rest on a projecting footboard. 

*g *g WILLeLMVS g D6I g GRAC[IA g ROMAJNORVM : 
REXg SeMPeRg AVGVSTVS. 

Beaded borders. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1014, fig. 10 ; Heineccius, /. c. Tab. ix., 
fig. 3 ; Uredius, Gcneal. Flandr., p. 36 ; cf. Add. MS. 27,345, ff. 81, 82 ; 
D'Arcq, No. 10,889, from a document, dated A.D. 1255. 



RICHARD PLANTAGENET, yoicnger son of JOHN, King 

of England ; Duke of Cornwall ; elected Emperor, 

A.D. 1257 ; ob., A.D. 1271. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21.158. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
31- in. [xli. so.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, curled hair, crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis ; royal robes, the mantle fastened up over the r. 
shoulder ; in the r. h. a sceptre fleury with cross at the top ; 
in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by a cross. Seated 
on an elaborately carved gothic throne with four finials, ball- 
shaped, surmounted with fleurs-de-lis. Feet on a projecting 
footboard. 

\^ RICARDVS I Dei I GRAGIA | ROMANORVM | 

Rex I seMPeR | avgvstvs | 

21.159. [A.D. 1257.] Red: fine, very imperfect. App. to 
a deed by a plaited cord of red silk strands. [Add. ch. 105 1.] 

Legend broken away. 

Sandford, Geneal. Hist., p. 95 ; Uredius, Geneal. Flajidr., p. 13 ; Add. 
MS. 27,345, f. 84 (see also a variant at f. 83 where the style appears to be 
"Jiomanorum in Regem Electtis ") ; U'Arcq, No. 10,890, from a document, 
dated .\.D. 1258. 



PUBLIC LIBRARY 
FULHAIWI. 



22 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

ALFONSO, " Le Sage" King of Castile and Leon, 
elected, A.D. 1257 ; abdicated, A.D. 1273. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21.160. Plaster cast, tinted grey, from fine impression. 
31 in. [xliv. 156.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, curled hair, crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis ; with robes of majesty, the bordered mantle 
fastened up over the r. shoulder with a buckle or brooch ; in 
the r. h. a sceptre having two knops and surmounted by an 
eagle or dome, displa}-ed, with nimbus ; in the 1. h. an orb 
or mound surmounted with a cross. Seated on a low bench- 
like throne, without back, but having an embroidered cloth 
thrown over it, and set on a rectangular dais shown in 
false perspective. 

Legend in ornamental capital letters : — 

* ALFONSVS I D6I | GRACIA | ROMANORVM | 
RGX SeMPGR I AVGVSTVS. 

21.161. Another plaster cast, tinted green, from fairly good 
impression, [xli. 51.] 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1015, fig. i ; Uredius, Geiieal. Flandr., 
p. 16 ; D'Arcq, No. 10,892, from a document, dated A.D. 1266, with des- 
cription of a re7>. bearing a figure of the sovereign, " typt; de majesty" on 
the r. h. side a lion of Leox, the corresponding device on the 1. h. side 
broken off, and legend : CASTILL • TOLTI ■ LGG . . . . • GALLG ■ 
HYSPL • COR . . . {Castille, Toleti,Lcgionis,Galticie,Hyspatis,Cordube, 
rex). 

RUDOLPH L, son ^/ALBERT, Coimt of Haps burg, 
elected Emperor, A.D. 1273 ; ob., A.D. 1291. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21.162. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2A in. [xli. 53.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, long curled hair, crown of 
three fleurs-de-lis ; robes of majesty, the mantle fastened up 
over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a sceptre fleury ; in the 1. h. 
an orb or mound, surmounted with a cross. Seated on a 
carved and cushioned throne, the feet drawn up so that only 
the toes rest on the projecting footboard. 

* RVDOLFUS • Dei ■ GRACIA • ROMANORVM • 

Rex • seMPeR ■ avgvstvs. 
Beaded borders. 

Zyllesius, /. c, p. 61, from a document, dated A.D. 1273 ; Add. MS. 
27,345, f. 98 ; D'Arcq describes a seal on a document, dated .K.v>. 1289, 
which may belong to this or the following type, probably the latter. 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 23 

Another Seal. 

21.163. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2|- in. [xli. 52.] 

Resembles generally the foregoing type, but the throne 
more elaborately carved, the cushion of the throne larger, the 
back and the front panel arcaded, the footboard carpeted 
with wavy sprigs of ivy leaves, the sceptre longer, and the 
ornamental fleury work more elegant. 

© : RVDOLFUS : Dgl : GRACIA : ROMANORVM : 
Rex : SeMPER : AVGVSTVS. 

Beaded borders. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1015, fig. 2 ; Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 86 b, from 
a document, dated .\.D. 1290 ; Heineccius, /. c, Tab. ix., tig. 4 ; Add. MS. 
19,998, from a document, dated .A.u. 1 279 ; Week, Beschreibung v. Dresden, 
p. 160, from a document, dated a.d. 1278. 

The Golden Bulla. 

21.164. Plaster casts, tinted green, fine impression of the 
Golden Bulla. If in. [xli. 54, 55.] 

0. The King-emperor, enthroned, designed after the manner 
of the figure on the great seals, see Nos. 21,162 ; 21,163. 

© RVDOLFVS : Dl : GRA : ROMANOR : RGX : SeM.P : AVGVSTV. 

R. A conventional representation of the City of Rome, three 
circular turrets with pointed roofs and round-headed windows, 
set on a circular crenellated wall or enceinte, having in the 
base a double round-headed portal, with folding doors thrown 
wide open, with ornamental hinges. 

S" ROMA : CAPVD : MVNDI : R6G1T : ORBIS : FReNA : ROTVNDI. 

Beaded borders. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1015, figs. 3, 4. 



ADOLF, Count of Nassau ; elected Emperor, 
A.D. 1292 ; ob., A.D. 1298. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21,165. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
3f in. [xli. 56.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, long curled hair, crown of 
three fleurs-de-lis ; mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder ; 
in the r. h. a sceptre fleury ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound, 
surmounted with a long cross. Seated on a carved gothic 
throne, with round-arched back, crested with crocketings and 
enriched with tabernacle work, slender finials at the sides 



24 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



topped with crosses, small cushion, diapered work in the 
front panelling, and sloping rectangular footboard. 

® ADOLFVS : Dei : gracia ; romanorvm s 
Rex J seMPCR s avgvstvs i 

Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 87, from deeds, dated a.d. 1292, 1293, 1295, 1296, 
1297 ; and Add. MS. 19,998, with date a.d. 1294. 



ALBERT \., elected Emperor, A.D. 1298 ; ob., A.D. 1308. 
Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21.166. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
3f in. [xli. 59.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, long curled hair, with crown of 
three fleurs-de-lis ; the mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder ; 
in the r. h. a scti^Yxz fleur-de-lisi ; in the 1. an orb or mound. 
Seated on a carved and cushioned throne with open work at 
the back, the feet on a projecting footboard. 

^ ALBeRTVS • D6I ■ GRACIA • ROMANORVM • 
R6X • SeMPeR • AVGVSTVS. 
Beaded borders. 

21.167. Original impression, white, fine but chipped. 

[xlix. I.] 

. . LBeRTVS Dei • GRACIA VM • RGX . . . 

P6R • AVGVSTV . . 

Uredius, /. c, p. 19; Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 88, with dates a.d. 1299, 
I3cx>, 1302 ; Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 23, with dates a.d. 1305, 1306. 



HEINRICH VII., Count of Luxemburg, elected Emperor, 
A.D. 1308 ; ob., A.D. 1313. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21,168. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
l\ in. [xli. 62.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, curled hair, crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis ; mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder ; in the 
r. h. a sceptre fleury ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted 
with a cross. Seated on a carved throne with large trefoiled 
pointed arch, and tabernacle work at the sides, the front panel 
ornamented with an arcade of pointed arches. 

© HeiNRICVS : Dei : GRACIA : ROMANORVM : 

Rex seMpeR : avgvstvs. 

Uredius, /. c, p. 63 ; Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 25, from a document dated 
A.D. 1310; Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 89, from a document of similar date; 
Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1015, fig. 5. 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 25 



Another Seal. 

21.169. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
3i in. [xli. 63.] 

The design closely resembles that in the foregoing seal, 
but not quite so large. 

©HeiNRICVS : D6I GRACIA ROMANORVM 
Rex SeMPGR : AVGVSTVS. 

Beaded borders. 

Seal, as Emperor. 

21.170. Plaster casts, tinted green, from imperfect impres- 
sion. 4 in. [xli. 60, 61.] 

0. The Emperor full-face, curled hair, with imperial crown, 
mantle fastened up on the breast ; in the r. h. a sceptre ; in the 
1. h. an orb or mound surmounted with a cross. Seated on a 
low throne, or two lions statant guardant addorsed, with a 
cloth of state thrown over their bodies. His feet rest on a 
third lion, couchant reguardant. 

^ HENRICVS : D6I : GR . . . A ; ROMANORVM = 
IMP 

R. A smaller round counterseal. I^ in. diam. An eagle 

rising reguardant with wings inverted. 

© IVST6 » IVDICATe » FILII Ss HOMINVM.-[/'j^/. Ivii, v. 2.] 

Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 26, from a deed, dated a.d. 1312. 



LUDWIG IV., or V., elected Emperor, 
A.D. 1 3 14; ob., A.D. 1347. 

Seal, as King and Emperor. 

21,171. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4 in. [xli. 64.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, with long curled hair, crowned ; 
mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder ; in the r. h. a sceptre 
fleury ; in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by a cross. 
Seated on an elaborately carved cushioned throne, ornamented 
with arcaded tabernacle work of pointed arches, and with 
pointed finials topped with fleurs ; the feet rest on a pro- 
jecting footboard supported on a carved corbel or bracket. 
© LVDOWICVS • Dei • GRACIA • ROMANORVM • 

Rex • seMPeR • avgvstvs. 
Beaded borders. 

Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 92, with date a.d. 1314 ; Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 28, 
with dates A.D. 1315, 131S, 1321. 



26 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Seal, as Emperor. 

21.172. Plaster casts, tinted green, from chipped, indistinct 

impression. 4 in. [xli. 65, 66.] 

0. The Emperor, full-face, with imperial crown, mantle 
fastened in front over the breast ; in the r. h. a sceptre topped 
with a fleur-dc-Iis, and other ornaments ; in the 1. h. an orb 
or mound. Seated betw. two eagles rising reguardant 
addorsed, with wings inverted ; the feet rest on two lions 
couchant facing towards each other. 

^ LVDOVICVS QVARTVtS ■ Dei ■ GRA]CIA ROMANORVM ■ 
IMP6RAT0R S6MPER ■ AVGVSTVS. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. if in. diam. An eagle 

rising contou7'iit\ with wings inverted. 

^ IVSTe ♦ IVDlCAXe • film • HOMINUM ».-\Psal. Ivii, v. 2.] 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,896, from a deed, dated a.d. 1337. Cf. Uredius, /. c, 
p. 58 ; Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 93, from a deed, dated a.d. 1339. 

T/ie Golden Bulla. 

21.173. Plaster casts, tinted green, from good impression 
of the Golden Bulla. 2 in. [xli. 6^, 68.] 

0. The Emperor, full-face, crowned, holding sceptre and 
orb, seated on lions, in somewhat similar way to that 
described in No. 21,170. On an arcaded pedestal or hexa- 
gonal column. The upper part of the inner border carved 
with two cusps each ornamented with a trefoil. 

+ LVDOVICVS ■ QVARTVS ■ Dei • GRACIA ■ ROMANORVM • 
IMPeRATOR • SeMPeR • AVGVSTVS. 

Border carved with trefoils. 

B. An elaborately detailed bird's-eye view of the City of 
Rome, with embattled walls. The Coliseum, a domed church, 
water-course, and other points of much interest. 

© ROMA • CAPVT • MVNDl • 

R6GIT ■ ORBIS • FRCNA ■ ROTVNDI. 

Border of pearls or pellets. 

Heineccius, /. c. Tab. xiix., fig. 2 ; Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 29, from an 
example attached to a deed, dated a.d. 1330. 



FRIEDRICH, " Der Schone" or FREDERIC III., 

Duke of ^1 ustria, titular King of the Romans, elected A. D. 1 3 1 4 ; 

ob., A.D. 1330. 

21,174. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
3', in. [xli. 70.] 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 27 

The King, full-face, wilh curled hair, open crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis, with open mantle, sceptre, and orb ; seated, turned 
slightly to the r., on a carved and cushioned throne orna- 
mented with arcades and pointed finials. The king's feet rest 
on a lion couchant or dormant. 

«■ FRID6RICVS • Dei I GRACIA • ROMANORVM ; 
RGX ■:■ S6MP6R I AVCVSTVS. 

Beaded borders. 

Add. MS. 27,345, fol. loi, from a deed, dated 1317. 



GUNTHER, or GONTHIER, Count of Schivartcbnrg, 
elected King, A.D. 1347. 

21,175. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4 in. [xli. 71.] 

The King, full-face, with long curled hair, crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis, mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder ; holding 
sceptre fleury and orb surmounted with a cross fleury. Seated 
on a carved throne, ornamented with arcades and short finials. 
The king's feet rest on a lion couchant guardant with queue 
fourcht'e. 

© GVNTH€RVS : DGI ; GRACIA ; ROMANOR' : RGX = 
SeMPGR : AVGVSTVS. 

Carved and beaded borders. 



CARL IV., King of Bohemia, elected Empei-or, A.D. 1347 ; 
succeeded, A.D. 1347 ; ob., A.D. 1378. 

Seal, as King. 

21,176. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
31 in. [xli. 72.] 

The King, full-face, with long hair, open crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis ; mantle fastened up over the r. shoulder ; holding 
the sceptre and orb or mound surmounted by a cross. Seated 
on an elaborately carved throne, with arcades, and pointed 
finials, with dragonesque gurgoyles at the sides. Within a 
broad bordure of wavy sprigs of foliage ; on which, at each 
side, a shield of arms : dex., an eagle displayed, Germany 
(Ancient), sin., a lion rampant qiieue fourch^e passee en 
sautoir, crowned, for BOHEMIA. 

fii KAROLVS 5 Dei J GRACIA ! ROMANORVM % ReX : SeMPGR : 

AVGVSTVS ! eT : BoeMie % Rex : 

Uredius, Ceneal. Flaiidr., pi. 66 ; Zyllesius, /. c, pi. 63, from a deed 
dated A.D. 1354; Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 37, with annexed dates, A.D. 134S, 
1350, 1351 ; Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 94, with annexed dates A.D. 1348, 1354^ 
1356. Cf. D'Arcq, No. 10,898 ; Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1015, tig. 7.' 



28 CATAI,OGUE OF SEALS. 



Another Seal. 

21.177. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
3i in. [xli. 74.] 

Resembles, in a very' close degree, the foregoing seal, but 
somewhat smaller. The fidelity with which the details are 
reproduced almost leads to the belief that the impression is 
from the same matrix but that it has slightly shrunk from 
some uncertain cause. 

Seal, as Emperor of tJie Romans and King of Bohemia. 

21.178. Plaster casts, tinted green, from fine impression. 
4 in. [xli. 75, 73.] 

0. The King-emperor, full-face, bearded, with imperial 
crown, mantle fastened over the breast with straps crossing 
like a saltire ; holding a sceptre fleury and an orb or mound 
surmounted by a cross. Seated on a throne, which is not 
represented except by the rectangular footboard or platform 
supported on three arches below the centre, on one of which is 
the initial W, probably the first letter of the designer's name. 
On each side of the emperor, an eagle rising reguardant 
addorsed, with the exterior wing elevated, in its beak the 
ring of a shield of arms : dex., Germany (Anci£nt), sin., 
Bohemia, as described in No. 21,176. 

«> i^arolus <9iuaitU!S Oiuina Jfaurntc 

ClcmcHna liomanoa Cmpcrator Srinurr Siuguftus 

iEt ]3ormtc Krx. 

The design displayed on this obv. marks a new and im- 
portant departure in the chronology of indigenous German 
art ; the treatment of details being in great contrast to all 
that has gone before. 

li. A smaller round counterseal. i| in. diam. An eagle 
rising reguardant with wings inverted. 

■^ IVST6 • IVDlCATe • FILIl • HOMINVM.— [Pj-^z/. Ivii, v. 2.] 

Beaded borders. 

Uredius, Gcncat. Flandr., pi. 66 ; Heincccius, /. c, Tab. ix., No. 5 ; 
Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 42, with annexed date, A.D. 1355 ; Add. MS. 27,345, 
fol. 95, with annexed dates, A.D. 1356, 1357 ; D'Arcq, No. 10,900, from a 
document, dated, A.D. 1357. 

The Golden Bidla of the King. 

21.179. Plaster cast, tinted green, of the obv. only, of the 
Golden Bulla, from fine impression. 2\ in. [xli. "jG?^ 

The King, full-face, crowned and with state robes, the 
crossing straps of the mantle embroidered ; holding the 



GERMANY:— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 29 

sceptre and orb or mound. Seated on a carved throne with 
side buttresses and pointed finials ; tlie feet on a projecting 
platform. 

* KAROLVS ■ Dei ■ GRA • ROMANOR' • R6X • 
SeM.p • AVGVSTVS. 

To this is added, in the field, at the sides — 

■ ex ■ Rex • ■ BoeMie. 
Beaded border. 

The Golden Bulla of the Emperor. 
21,180. Plaster casts, tinted green, from fine impression. 

2A in. [xii. ^^, 78.] 

0. The Emperor, crowned and with robes of majesty, 
holding sceptre fleury and orb or mound surmounted with a 
cross. Seated on a benchlike cushioned throne, without back, 
the feet on a projecting platform or footboard. At each side 
partly resting on the ends of the seat, a shield of arms : dex. 
Germany (Ancient), sin. Bohemia, as in No. 21,176. 

«• KAROLVS • QVARTVS • DIVINA • FAVGNTe • 
CL6MGNG1A • ROMANOR' • IMPeRATOR • SeM.p • AVGVSTVS. 

With some pairs of letters conjoined in monogram (under- 
lined), and in the field at the sides the addition of: — 
• 6T • BOeMie • R6X. 

B;. An edifice of symmetrical design, representing in a 

conventional manner the City of Rome, with central tower, 

and two round towers at the sides. The central doorway 

round-headed and across the opening the inscription in three 

lines. _AVR_eA R„OMA. 

^ ROMA • CAPVT • MVNDI ■ 
REGIT ■ ORBIS • FR6NA • ROTVNDI. 

Beaded borders. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1015, figs. 8, 9 ; Hcineccius, /. c, Tab. i., 
fig. 6 ; Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 41 ; from a deed, dated A.D. 1355 ; D'Arcq, 
No. 10,901, from impression attached to a diploma, dated a.d. 1378. 



Seal of CARL IV., as Kmg of Hungary, etc. 
See under Hungary, Kingdom of. 



Small Seal ; perliaps the Reverse of a Great Seal. 

21,181. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2 in. [xli. 81.] 

An eagle displayed, the wings opened and inverted. 

+ HaroluB ^luartuB Sibtna jFaiutc 
CTlcmccta Moman Impator Scmp aug ©t Uocm Mcj. 

Beaded borders. 



30 CATALOGUE OF SEALS, 

WENZEL, or WENZESLAUS, elected King of the Romans, 

A.D. 1376 ; succeeded, A.D. 137S ; deposed, A.D. 1400 ; 

abdicated, a.d. 1410 ; ob., A.D. 141 8. 

21.182. Plaster casts, tinted green, from fine impression. 
3i in. [xli.^82, 83.] 

^. The King, full-face, with crown and robes of majesty, 
sceptre and orb ; seated on a throne of gothic work, resem- 
bling the details of the previous great seal of Carl IV., 
No. 21,176. Within a bordure of wavy sprigs of foliage, on 
which rest two shields of arms, as described in the seal referred 
to above. 

© % weNzesL9 ; dgi j gracia ; romanorvm j rgx ; 

S6MP6R ; AVGVSTVS J GT : B06Mie J RGX J 
R. A smaller round counterseal. iJ- in. diam. A double- 
headed eagle, displayed, with wings inverted, the breast charged 
with an octagonal escutcheon of arms of BOHEMIA. This is 
the earliest appearance of the doppcl-adler in the great seals 
of Germany. The design is probably derived from overlaying 
two eagles rising, used separately as imperial supporters in 
the great seal of Carl IV. See No. 21,178. 

Uredius, /. c, pi. 67 [obv. only) ; Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 46, with annexed 
date, A.D. 1379 ; Add. MS. 27,345, fol' 96, with annexed dates, A.D. 1380, 
1383, 1398 ; D'Arcq, No. 10,902, from a deed, dated A.D. 1399. 

Seal, as King of Romans, and of Bohemia, etc. 

21.183. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impres- 
sion. 3^ in. [xli. 84.] 

The King, full-face, with crown of three trefoils alternated 
with two pearls ; royal robes, sceptre fieury in the 1. h., orb 
in the r. h. Seated on a throne, with projecting platform or 
footboard. Betw. two shields of arms : dex. Bohemia (re- 
versed), sin. Germany (Ancient). Background replenished 
with wavy sprigs of foliage. The reversal of the positions of 
the sceptre and orb, and of the charge in the shield of arms 
of Bohemia, as well as its transposition to the dex. side of the 
design, are very remarkable. These results may, however, be 
due rather to the error of the designer, than to an intentional 
departure from the treatment of the subject. 

JKlenffflatts * Urt * gra * romanorii * xtx * hoijnm'r * 
xtx * c[t] * Dux .... [rcbtDnttJjcnriB. (V) 

The last word of the legend is indistinct at the beginning. 
The king was son of Anne, daughter and heiress of Henry II., 
Duke of Jauer and of Schweidnitz in Silesia, to which latter 
title the legend appears to refer. 



GERMANY :— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 3 1 

RUPERT, Elector Palatine, 
elected Emperor, KS). 1400; crowned, A.T>. 1401 ; ok, A.D. 1410. 

21.184. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
41 in. [xli. 89.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, with long curled hair, crown 
of three fleurs-de-lis ; with girdled tunic, mantle fastened up 
over the r. shoulder ; holding sceptre fleury and orb or mound 
surmounted by a cross. Seated on an elaborately carved 
throne enriched with arcades and pointed finials, crocketed. 
The feet rest on a projecting corbel, under the supporting 
arch of which is a she-wolf in allusion to the Empire of ROME. 
On each side of the corbel, a lion sejant reguardant, sup- 
porting with the interior fore-paw a shield of arms (which 
rests on a broad half-border running along the upper part of 
the field ornamented with the design of a cross betw. two 
birds addorsed reguardant, repeated many times). The 
armorial bearings of the shields are : — dex. GERMANY 
(Ancient), sin. .quarterly ; 1,4. a lion rampant crowned, 
2, 3, lozengy. Electoral Palatinate. 

e> : J^upcrttis * Bibtna * faucntc * rlrmciicia 
romanorum * xtx * fcmjjcr * auguftus. 

The initial cross and the first, fifth, and sixth small estoile 
stop enclosed in annulets. 

Add. MS. 27,345, fol- 97j ^^i'^ annexed dates, a.d. 1401, 1404. 

A Cotmterseal. 

21.185. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
\\ in. [xli. 91.] 

An imperial eagle displayed with inverted wings. 

© S' rupcrtt • Oct • g;racta • romanor • «sis • 
ffinjjcr • auguftt. 

The initial cross enclosed in an annulet. 

Inner border ornamented with small quatrefoils. 

Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 50, with annexed date, a.d. 1402 (incorrectly 
drawn). 

21.186. Another cast from imperfect impression, [xli. 90.] 

© S' ruprrtt * a anor' * regis * 

Temper * augufti. 



32 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

JODOCUS, or JOSSE, Margrave of Moravia, 

elected Emperor, .\.v>. 1410. {Died same year, 

before accession to throjte.) 

21,187. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
i^ in. [xli. 94.] 

An imperial eagle, displayed, with inverted wings, crowned, 
Marquisate of Moravl\. 

£' • loJJoct • Bri • gracta • m . . g 

ft • Domini • morauir. 

Inner border ornamented with small quatrefoils. 



SIGISMUND, King of Hungary, A.D. 13S6, elected Emperor, 
A.D. 1410 : crowned, A.D. 1414 ; ob., A.D. 1437. 

Seal, as King of the Romans, and of Hungary, 
Dal mafia, Croatia, Rama, Servia, Galicia, Lodoniiria, 
Cumania, arid Bulgaria, Margrave of Brandenburg, 
Heir of the Kingdom of Bohemia 
and Count ship of Luxemburg. 

21,188. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
41 in. [xli. 96.] 

The King-emperor, full-face, with crown and robes of 
majesty, sceptre and orb. Seated in a gothic niche with 
ogee arch, and side buttresses of architectural work, all richly 
ornamented ; the back of the niche diapered lozcngy with 
fleurs-de-lis in the interstitial spaces. On each side of the 
field, which is replenished with wavy sprigs of foliage and 
flowers, two shields of arms : dex., i. GERMANY (ANCIENT 
Kingdom) ; 2. Bohemia ; sin., i. Hungary (Modern) ; 
2. Hungary (Ancient). On the angles of the carved plat- 
form or footboard, two small shields of arms : dex. LUXEM- 
BURG, sin. Dalmatia. For description of these arms, see 
No. 21,189. 
SigifmunDus * Hfi * gra * romanor * rcr * fnnp auguft' » 

ar * i)iiga * Dalma' * rroa' * ramr * Tuif * 

gallicic * loOomr'if * cumac * bulgaricq : rrx * marrljio « 

faraHrmljurgruf' * nfcnio * iiofjnnc * tX * 

lurcburgcnr' i)rrfs. 

Several pairs of letters are conjoined in monogram. 
Carved and beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,903, from a deed, dated A.D. 141 3, but reads the last 
word of the legend COIItCS in error. Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1016, 
fio-. 4 ; engraved in Ant. Week, Beschreibung v. Dresden, p. 180, with date 
k.\). 1423. Drawn in Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 51, with annexed date A.D. 141 7, 
and in Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 98, with annexed date A.D. 1431. 



GERMANY :— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 33 

Seal, as King of the Romans, and of Hungary, Bohemia, 

Dalmatia, Croatia, Qimania, Bulgaria ; Count of 

Stiria, Carinthia, Carniola, and L nxemburg. 

21,189. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
4 in. [xli. 95.] ^ 

The King-emperor, full-face, with long hair, imperial 
crown, and royal robes, sceptre and orb ; seated in a carved 
gothic niche with ogee canopy and side buttresses ; back of 
the niche diapered lozengy, with a fleur-de-lis in each inter- 
stitial space. On each side of the background, which is 
replenished with wavy sprigs of foliage, two shields of arms : 
dex. I. Germany (Modern Empire), 2. Bohemia ; sin. 

1. a cross patriarchal of Lorraine, HUNGARY (Modern), 

2. barry of eight, HUNGARY (ANCIENT). On the angles of 
the carved platform or footboard, two small shields of arms : 
dex. barry, a lion rampant crowned, LUXEMBURG ; sin. three 
leopards' heads crowned, KINGDOM OF Dalmatia. 

* StffifmunDuB * lift * gT<i * romanor * xtx * fcmji » 

augustMB * ac * ljuusaric * boljcmic * 

Dalmartc * croaric * romaf * iulgarr * . . . * 

xtx * fttrtc * rartntijic * carntolc * tX * lucrturjru * Dur. 

The short word before the second rex in the legend appears 
to have been taken out purposely. 



A Counterseal. 

21,190. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
2 in. [xli. 100.] 

An eagle displayed, with inverted wings. Above it, an 
angel half-length, issuing from clouds, and holding the ends 
of the wings. 

+ Sigtfmliuis + On' + gra + romanor + xtx + ftint) + 
auguftuB + ac + Ijunganc + 'tc + rex + 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 10,904, from a deed, dated a,d. 1413, where it is used 
as a counterseal to No. 21,188, Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 53, from a deed, 
dated .\.D. 1420. 



Seal, as Emperor, King of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, 

Croatia, Rama, Servia, Galicia, Lodomiria, Cumania, 

and Bulgaria ; Heir of the Countship of 

Luxemburg. 

21,191. Plaster casts, tinted green, from fine impression. 
5 in. [xli. 102, 103.1 

VOL, VI. ' D 



34 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

0. The Emperor, full-face, crowned with imperial diadem, 
sceptre and orb, in tunic and cloak richly embroidered. Seated 
on an embroidered cloth on two double-headed eagles, rising, 
the exterior head reguardant, addorsed, his feet resting on 
their tails, beneath which is a platform on two pillars ; 
beneath them a shield of arms of LUXOIBURG. In the 
beaks of exterior heads of the eagles, two shields of arms : de.r. 
Germany (Modern Empire), sin. Hungary (Modern) ; in 
the exterior claws of the eagles, other two shields of arms : 
dex. Bohemia (reversed), i-/«. Hungary (Ancient). In the 
space at the left side of the face of the emperor, a cross 
avcllaiu'e. Within a carved panel or border. 

Legend in tw^o concentric circles : — 

{\st or Outer circle) :— SIGISMVNDVS • D6I • GRACIA • 

ROMANORVM • IMP6RAT0R • S6MP6R • AVGVSTVS • AG • 

HVNGAR16 • BOHeMie » DALMACIG. 

{znd line or Inner circle) :— tj: CR0ACI6 • RAMe • S6RVI6 • 

GALICI6 • LODOMGRie • COMANie • BVLGARieQ3 • ReX • eT • 

LVCeMBVRGeNSIS * H6R6S. 

R. A double-headed eagle of the GERMAN Empire, dis- 
played, each head surrounded by a nimbus of disk-like foim, 
the wings inverted. 

© AQViLA ■ ezecHieLis • 

SPONS6 • MISSA • 6ST ■ D6I • CGLIS • 

VOLAT • IPSA • SIN6 • MGTA ■ 

QVO • NeC • VATGS • NGC • PROPH6TA ■ 

6V0LAVIT ■ ALCIVS. [Cf. Ezech. xvii. 3.) 

Several pairs of letters are conjoined in monogram. 

Srit. Mus. Plwtographs, pi. 1016, figs. 2, 3 ; drawn in Add. MS. 19,998, 
fol. 35, with annexed date, a.d. 1434, and in Add. MS. 27,345, ff. 99-100, 
with annexed dates, .\.D. 1437 (cf. the explanatory statements oiBeiiieeciits, 
pp. 108-110). 

The Golden Bulla of the Emperor, and King of Hungary, 
Bohemia, Dalmatia, and Croatia. 

21,192. Plaster casts, tinted green, from fine impression. 
2,-V in. [xli. 106, 107.] 

0. The Emperor, full-face, crowned, with robes of majesty, 
sceptre, orb, and other insignia. Seated on a throne orna- 
mented with floriated finials, his feet on a projecting footboard. 

Legend in two concentric circles beaded, into which parts 
of the design project. 

(0«to- «;y7£) :— SIGISMVNDVS D6I GRA ROMANORV IMPeRATOR 

SeM.p AVGVST' AC HVNGARie. 

{Inner circle) ■.—'B,OH^M\^ DALMACie CROACie Zo R6X. 

U. A representation of the City of Rome similar to that 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 35 

already described for the emperor Carl IV., No. 21,180, q. v. 
The round-headed portal bears the inscription : — 

AVR 
eA • R 

OMA. 

ROMA €> CAPVT @ MVNDI <S> 
REGIT ^ ORBIS <S> FR6NA <& ROTVNDI. 
Beaded borders. 

Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 58, from an impression appended to a deed, dated 
A.D. 1437. 

Small Seal or Counterseal. 

21,193. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
2\ in. [xli. 108.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, each head 
bearing a disk-like nimbus ; the wings inverted. In a 
circular panel ornamented along the inner edge with small 
quatrefoils. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) -.—■^ SIGISMVNDVS ® D6I <3> GRACIA ^ 
ROMANORVM © IMP6RATOR ® SeMPGR. 

{Inner circle) :— AVGVSTVS © AC <& HVGAR16 <& BOH^Mie «> 
DALMACie © GROACie «■ Z= R€X <& 

Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 57, from an impression appended to a deed, dated 
A.D. 1436. 



ALBERT II., Duke of Austria, King of Hiingary, A.D. 1437 ; 
elected Emperor, A.D. 1438; ob., A.D. 1439. 

Seal, as King of the Romans, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, 

Croatia, Servia, Galicia, Lodomiria, Ciiviania and 

Bulgaria ; Duke of Austria and Luxemburg. 

21,194. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
chipped at the edge, somewhat indistinct in places. 44 in. 
[.xli. 109.] 

The King-emperor, full- face, with crown, robes of majesty 
richly embroidered, sceptre fleury and orb or mound. 
Seated on a canopied gothic throne with carved details and 
columnar finials. In parts of the work, viz., one on each 
finial column, one on each side of the monarch's head, and 
one at each side of the seat under a round-headed arch, are 
six lions sejant ; each of which holds a shield of arms : i, dex. 
to the sovereign's head, an eagle displayed, GERMANY 
(Anciknt Kingdom) ; 2, sin. barry of eight, Hungary 
(Ancient Kingdom) ; 3, dex. to the sovereign's feet, five 
eaglets, two, two and one, Austria {an dessotis de I'Enns) ; 
4, sin. Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg ; 5, dex. column, a 

D 2 



36 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

lion rampant contounu' crowned, BOHEAHA, si>i. coluiiui, 
three leopards' heads crowned, Dalmatia (KINGDOM). 
At the sides of the back of the throne, on two slender 
columns, two kneeling figures holding scrolls inscribed with 
an illegible legend. In base, on the arcaded front of the 
dais or footboard, a shield of arms : a fess, the family arms, 
or Haiisivappcn of the emperor. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — • 

[pTiler circle, broken into by the design at the top) : — ALBERT' 

D6I : GRA : ROMANOR ■ RGX ■ SeMP : AVGTS : AC : HVNGARI6 : 

BOHeMie : DALMACie : CROACIG : RAM6 : SCRVIG : 

GALICie : LODOMlRie : 

{Inner circle, broken into by the design at the top and bottom) : — 

: C0MANI6 : BVLGARieiJ ^R6X : AVSTRI6 : 6T : 

LVCeMBGGN : DVX. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1017, fig. i. 

A Coiinterseal or Small Seal, as King of the Romans, 
and of Hungary, Bohemia, etc., Dicke of Austria. 

21,195. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2i in. [xli. 1 10.] 

An imperial eagle displayed, the wings inverted. In a 
circular panel with ornamental border, held up by an angel 
half-length overhead with wings extended. On the border, 
and on the ring intended for the legend, rest three shields 
of arms, one at each side, and one at the base : dex. HUNGARY 
(Ancient), sin. Bohemia, base, the Hausivappen of the 
emperor. 

iiUjrrtu' Dfi gfa lomSo? _ rex frmp • atigts • at _ 
Ijugartc bormic zt _ xtx . . . Dux auftvic; 



FRIEDRICH III., Duke of Austria, elected Emperor, 
A.D. 1440 ; ob., A.D. 1493. 

Seal of Majesty, as King of the Romans, Duke of Austria, 
Carinthia, and Carniola, and Count of Tirol. 

21,196. Plaster casts, tinted green, from good impression, 
somewhat obscure in the legend. 5^ in. [xli. in, 113.] 

0. The King, full-face, with royal crown, richly embroidered 
robes of majesty, sceptre and orb. Seated on an elaborately 
carved throne, with architectural canopy of one large and 
four smaller flanking arches, with crockcted finials springing 
from carved buttresses, and arabesque dais. On the sides of 
the throne four shields of arms : dex. i. an eagle displayed, con- 
tournc, Germany (Ancient Kingdom), (2. below) an eagle 
displayed, contournt', for Tirol (?), sin. i. The Hausivappen, 



GERMANY :— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 37 

2. a lion rampant, for Hapsburg. Outside the tlirone, from 
the projecting parts of the canopy on each side, a wavy scroll 
or liston, that on the dex. being inscribed with the initial 
letters, forming a sequence of the five vowels, viz. 

a • e • i • • u. 

These letters have been by some interpreted as signifying : — 

AusTRiE Est Imperare Orbi Universo. 
Others however explain them to stand for : — 

ailts iSrDrctrij 1st ©cshcirij JBlntcrrtjatt. 

(Cf. Heineccius, /. c, pp. 109-III.) From these scrolls on 
each side depends a shield of arms : dex., five eaglets, two, 
two, and one ; AUSTRIA {an dessous de I'Enns) supported by 
an ape-like animal sejant, who is resting the shield on the 
back of a lion guardant contoiiriu', the tail betw. the legs. 
These animals are set on a shield of arms : (reversed) per 
pale, dex. three lions passant guardant in pale, sin. a fess ; 
CarINTHIA, supported from below by a lion sejant guardant 
set on the buttress. The corresponding design on the sin. 
side has the scroll apparently plain — from it, a shield of arms : 
a panther vomiting flames, SriRlA, supported by an ape on 
the back of a dragon or wyvern sans wings. These animals 
are set on a shield of arms : an eagle displayed, for CarnI0L.\, 
or Silesia, supported from below by a lion sejant guardant 
on the dex. side. 

Legend in two concentric circles, broken above and below 
by the canopy and dais : — 

{Outer circle) :— ■ SIGILLVM • MAGGSTAT • FRIDeRICI • DGI • 

GRA • ROMANORU • R6GIS • StMPGR • AVGUSTI • 

DUCIS • AUSTRie. 

{Inner circle) :— *< • KARINTHI6 ■ GT • CARNI0L6 ■ vk >» ■ COMITIS • 
Q5 • TIROLIS • Zc !«. !«. 

Along the front edge of the dais, in somewhat smaller 
letters, the continuation of the legend : — 

QVI NATVS eST IN DI6 MATHGI SCI {sic) AN DNI M GCGCXV, 
The apparent reason for thus recording the natal day of 
the emperor-king is, that, according to some writers, his birth 
has been attributed, in error, to the 23 December, whereas the 
date, sanctioned in this way by its inscription on the great 
seal, is St. Matthew's day, viz. 21 September. 

B. An eagle, displayed with wings inverted. Four estoiles 
in the field betw. the claws. In carved panel or border of 
seven cusped points. Each point bears a fleur-de-lis at the 
top. In each lobe or semicircular area thus formed is a 



38 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

shield of arms, couM, with helmet, coronet, and crest : viz., 
I. WiNDISCH-MARCK ; 2. uncertain ; 3. Ferrethe, or Phirdt ; 

4. BURGAU ; 5. KiBURG ; 6. PORTENAU ; 7. ALSA.TIA. The 

two uppermost spandrils, betw. the cusps and the circular 
annulus of the legend, contain angels. In the remaining five 
are dragons or wyverns. 

The legend is preceded by a scroll or ribbon charged with 
the mystic vocalia a'C'i*0'US, to which some reference 
has been already made. 

* AQUiLA t esecHieLis t 

SPONSG t MISSA t EST t 06 t CGLIS t 

voLAT t IPSA t sme t MeTA t 

QVO t N6G t VAXes t NeC t PROPHeTA + 
eUOLAUIT t ALGIUS «. {Cf. Ezech. xvii. 3.) 

Brit. Mus. Pkotajp-aphs, pi. 1017, fig. 3 {rev. only). 

Same Seal, with impression of a ring. 

21.197. Another impression of the ^(^t'. only. [xli. 1 12.] 
This bears the impression of the king's signet ring stamped 

upon the dais or footboard betw. the feet. It is an octag(^nal 
seal, about |-X4- in. bearing a device of four human faces in 
profile conjoined into one head. In a beaded border. 
Legend as described above, No. 21,196. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1017, fig. 2. Drau-n with the rev. as de- 
scribed above, in Add. MS. 27,345, fols. 102, 103, from an impression 
attached to a deed, dated a.d. 1442. 

The Golden Btilla. 

21.198. Gold : two plates united at the edges with a 
narrow ring or band. 2-|-i in. [xliii. 161.] 

0. The Emperor, full-face, vested in imperial robes, and 
wearing the imperial crown ; in the r. h. a sceptre with 
floriated top ; in the I. h. an orb surmounted with a cross. 
Seated on a cushioned bench with projecting dais and 
embroidered curtain behind. On the curtain are two shields 
of arms : dex. a double-headed eagle displayed, GERMAN 
Empire, sin. a panther vomiting flames, Stirl\. In the 
background two shields of arms each with a rose over it : dex. 
Austria {Hansivappcri), sin. an eagle displayed, each wing 
terminating in a trefoil, TIROL. 

The legend, in Lombardic capital letters, contained in two 
concentric circles enclosed in three carved borders. 

{Outer circle) :— FRlOeRICVS : DGl ; GRA : ROMANOR • I^ATQR • ' 

SEMP ■ AVGTS ■: AVSTRie \ STIRie : KARINTHI6 : GT 
{Inner circle, broken at top and base by details of design) : — 
© GARNIOLG : DVX © GOMeSQj '■ TIROLIS. 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 39 

The word ilATQR appears to have been introduced in a 
cramped manner into the space probably occupied originally 
by the word Rex. 

In outer circle of legend, the mystical vowels A • e • i • o • U 
have been introduced after the last word €T, over the 
sceptre. For the signification of these letters see No. 21,196. 

R. A representation of the City of Rome, here conven- 
tionally represented as a castellated building of archaic style, 
derived from older prototypes used by previous emperors, see 
Nos. 21,151 ; 21,192, but of more elaborate detail. The door- 
way is inscribed : AVREA ■ ROMA. Over the roof a scroll 
bearing the five initial letters as above described. 

The words of the legend following are separated from each 
other by wavy scrolls of flowers and foliage : — 

ROMA ■ CAPVT ■ MVNDI ■ 
REGIT • ORBIS • FRENA • ROTVNDI. 

The strands of purple silk, by which the bulla has been 
appended to a document, pass through the interior substance. 
Brit. Miis. Photographs, pi. 1017, figs. 4, 5. 

21.199. Cast in white metal ; apparently a silver alloy, of 
the preceding bulla, [xliii. 71.] 

21.200. Plaster casts, tinted green, from the Golden Bulla. 
[xli. 116, 117.] 

A small Seal, perhaps a Countcrseal. 

21.201. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine example. 
2f in. [xli. 118.] 

An eagle displayed, wings inverted. Over head the 
initials a • C • i • • U. Surrounded by a cordon of twelve 
shields of arms, couches, (in tlie cusps or lobes of a panel of as 
many points), separated from each other by wavy sprigs of 
foliage. In each of the spandrils of the panel a fleur-de-lis. 
The armorial bearings are: — i. AUSTRIA, Hauswappen ; 
2. Hapsburg ; 3. Tirol; 4. Ferrethe, al. Puvrtt; 
5. BURGAU ; 6. KiBURG ; 7. Alsatia ; 8. Wixdisch- 
marck ; 9. Carniola ; 10. Carinthia ; 11. Stiria ; 
12. Austria {au-dcssous de I'Eiuis). Outside the panel and 
partly on the annulus carrj-ing the legend, two smaller shields 
of arms : dex. PoRTENAU, j-zw. Austria (au-dessus del' Enns). 

S' • FRIOeRIGl • D ■ G • ROSTORCT- R6G_IS • 

Sep • AUGUSTI • DUCIS • AUSTe • STIRie • KARINTHie • 

^__CRN10Le ■ COlTIS • TI'OL' ^C. 

Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 59, from an impression, appended to a document, 
dated a.d. 1444. 



40 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Smaller Seal. 

21,202. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2| in. [xli. ng.] 

An eagle displayed, with wings inverted. Above its head 
the initial letters a'C«t«0«U. Within a carved panel. In 
the ring or annulus for the legend four shields of arms 
arranged in cross : i. AUSTRL\ {Haiiswappcti) ; 2. Duchy of 
Carinthia ; 3. Tirol ; 4. Stiria. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— SIGILLU FRIDCRICI : D6I : GRA : ROMANORUM : 
RCGIS : SeWPGR : AUGUSTI : DUCIS : 

{Inner circle) :— AUSTRIG : STlRie : KARINTHI6 : €T : 
CARNIOLe ; COMITIS : TIROLIS : cG. 



Seal, as Emperor. 

21,203. Plaster casts, tinted green, from good impression, 
chipped at edge. Si in. [xli. 120, 121.] 

0. This is an altered state of the obv. of the seal of the 
King, described in No. 21,201. The differences most apparent 
are : — the imperial diadem in place of the regal crown ; 
(l.) to make room for this, the central arch of the canopy has 
been cut away about half an inch and refinished ; (2.) the 
armorial bearings of the shield of arms of the A^'CIE^'T 
Kingdom of Germany, an eagle displayed, have been 
altered to the arms of the Modern Empire of Germany, a 
double-headed eagle displayed ; (3.) the word R6GIS in the 
legend has been replaced with iMPeRATORlS. Betw. the 
feet of the emperor on the dais is the impression of an oblong 
octagonal signet seal, -hr X -;%- in., bearing three shields of 
arms : (i) the MODERN EMPIRE OF GERMANY ; 2. AUSTRIA 
{Hauszfappcn), and 3. HapsburG, ensigned with the Imperial 
crown, all betw. the mystical initial letters A • 6 ■ I ■ O ■ U. with 
the letters F. H. {Fridericns Hapsliergeiisis), at the sides of the 
cross topping the crown. 

Legend, with the above-mentioned alteration, as in No, 
21,201. 

R. As described in No. 21,201, but with the alteration of 
the eagle of the kingdom, into the imperial double-headed 
eagle ; each head with a nimbus. 

Legend as described in No. 21,201. 

Add. MS. 19,998. fol. 60, with annexed dates, A.D. 1452, 1471 ; Add. MS. 
27,j45, fol. 104, with annexed date, .\.D. 1469. 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 41 



Small Seal, or Coujitcrseal, A.D. 1472. 

21,204. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2\ in. [xli. 122.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed with wings 
inverted, each head wears a nimbus. In the field three small 
roses. In the annulus or ring for the reception of the legend, 
five shields of arms, set apart at equal distances : — i. AUSTRIA 
{Hausivappen) ; 2. Hapsburg ; 3. TIROL, or CarnioLA ; 
4. Stiria ; 5. Carinthia. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Ou/er circle) :— S • FRIDERICI ♦ DIVINA • FAVENTE • 
CLEMENCIA % " % ROMANORVM £•: IMPERATORIS • 

{Inner circle) :— » SEMPER • AVGVSTI • HO • AVSTRIE • 
STIRIE • DVGIS ■ ZC • A6 I OV • 1472. 



Another Seal, A.D. 1472. 

21,205. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2f in. [xli. 123.] 

The design resembles that of preceding seal, but not from 
the same matrix. In the annulus for legend five shields of 
arms, as described in No. 21,204. 

{Outer circle) :— S • FRIDGRICI • DIVINA • FAVGNTG » 
CLGMeNClA :•: ROMANORVM I • J IMPeRATORIS • 

{Inner circle) :— seMP6R • AVGVSTI • ZC • AVSTRI6 J • i 

STiRie : • : dvgis • zc • agiov • 1472. 



A later Seal, a.D. 1478. 

21,206. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression 
but somewhat indistinct in places. 2\ in. [xli. 124.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle, the wings inverted. The 
heads without the nimbus. Within a broad fillet or bordure 
on which are set, fourteen shields of arms, coiiclih : r. h. side, 

1. Austria {Hausivappen) ; 2. Carinthia ; 3. Carniola (?) ; 
4. Alsatia ; s. KiBURG ; 6. Windisch-marck ; 7. Austria 
{au-dessns de F Enns) ; 1. h. side, I. AUSTRIA (ANCIENT) ; 

2. Stiria (?) ; 3. Tirol (?) ; 4. Hapsburg (?) ; 5. Ferrethe 
al. Phirdt ; 6. Burgau ; 7. Portenau. The bearings of 
these shields are indistinct. 

S' FRIDERICI D6I GRA ROMANOR IMPGRATOR' SE* 
AVGVSTI AVSTRie ST1RI6 ZC DVCIS • 1478. 



42 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



MAXIMILIAN I., Archduke of Austria ; 

elected King of the Romans, A.D. i486 ; succeeded, A.D. 1493 ; 

ob., A.D. 1 5 19. 

Seal, as King. 

21,207. Plaster cast from good impression. 3 in. [xli. 
127.] 

A shield of arms : GERMANY (A NCIENT KINGDOM). En- 
signed with a regal crown ; conjoined by four ornamental 
briquets, (or component parts of the Collar of the Order of 
the Golden Fleece, representing the steel strikers used with 
a flint for producing fire), to as many shields of arms, two 
on each side : dex. i. AUSTRIA {Hauswappen) ; 2. a lion 
rampant, perhaps for BRABANT, or FLANDERS (MODERN) ; 
sin. I. bendy of six, BURGUNDY (ANCIENT DUKES ) ; 
2. Tirol. To the point of the shield of GER^L•\NY is 
appended by a double swivel briquet, the pendant badge 
of above-mentioned Order. Background replenished with 
flames. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

[Outer circle) :-%' MAXIMILIANI • D J G • ROMANORVM • 

R6G' . AR'DVC' J AVST'€ I DVC ; BVRGVNDie J BRABANCIG ; 

LVX6NBVRG' % Z • GHGLDe. 

(/«««• rt>r/f) :- PALATINI J HANNO' COMIT' FLAND' • 

TIROL' J HOLLAND' I LANDGRAVI 5 ALSA' : SAC' • IM^I' • 

MARGHl • Z • FRIS'. 

{Sigillum Maximiliaiii, Dei Gratia Romanoriim Regis, Archiducis 
A us trie; Ducis Burgundie, Brabancie,Luxembicrgi. ct Gheldric; Pata- 
tiui Hannonie, Coinitis Flandrie, Tirotis. Hollandiej Landgravii 
Atsacic ; Sacri Imperii Marchionis ; et Domini Frisie.) 



Another Seal, as King. 

21,208. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct im- 
pression. 3 in. [xli. 128.] 

A shield of arms : GERMANY (ANCIENT KINGDOM). En- 
signed with a roj'al crown. Supporters, two griffins. Above 
supporters, and suspended by straps, two shields of arms, 
couches : dex. AUSTRIA (Hauswappen), sin. BURGUNDY 
(Ancient Dukes). Below supporters, and pendant from 
two briquets held by them, as many shields of arms : dex. 
Flanders or Brabant ; .f/«. Tirol. Between these, on a 
swivel, or caillcu, enflamed, uniting the briquets, a Golden 
Fleece, the badge or pendant of above Order, 



GERMANY :— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 43 



Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— S' MAXIMILIANI : Del : GRS : RO : RGGIS : 

SeMPER : SVGVSTI : SRGHIDVCIS : SVSTRie : 

DVCIS : bVRG : bRTXbSN : STIRIG : CSRINTHI6 ; KARNIOLG : 

LVX6MB : CT : 

{Inner circle) :— GH6LRI6 : COMITIS : FLANDRI6 : TIROLIS : 

PALATINI : HRNONI6 : HOLLAN : LANTGRSVI : GLSAGie : SACRI : 

IMP6R11 : MARCHIOIS : DOMIN : eg : FRIZI6. 

Cf. Uredius, Sig. Com. Flandr., p. 119, with annexed date, a.d. i486 ; 
Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 71, with annexed date, a.d. 1495 ; Add. MS. 27,345. 
fol. 105, with annexed date, A.D. 15 16. 

The Golden Bulla. 

21,209. Plaster casts, tinted green, from tlie Golden Bulla. 
3 in. [xli. 129.] 

0. The Emperor, full-face, with imperial diadem, robes of 
majesty, sceptre, and orb or mound surmounted with a cross. 
Seated on an elaborately carved throne, ornamented with 
diaper and scroll work of the renaissance period. On each 
side from back of throne a bracket juts out, carrying a 
curtain ; and above, an arabesque ornament ; emperor's feet on 
a large dais or platform, betw. two griffins sejant, as supporters. 
In e.xergue, betw. two thunderbolts, a small circular panel, 
bearing a monogram KJT which may be deciphered: 
Maximilianus Ro- lOvL manontm Iniperator. 

R. A shield of arms : GERMANY (MODERN Empire). 
Ensigned with an imperial crown. Supporters, two griffins. 
Above them, two shields of arms, couches, hanging from straps : 
dex. Austria i^Hauszvappeii), ensigned with an archducal 
coronet, sin. bany of eight, for four bars, HUNGARY (ANCIENT), 
ensigned with crown of St. Stephen. Below supporters and 
conjoined to central or principal shield by briquets held by 
them, two other shields of arms : dex. bendy of six, ANCIENT 
Dukes of Burgundy ; sin. a lion rampant, Hapsburg, 
FLANDER.S, or Brabant. Betw. these, hangs the pendant 
badge of the Golden Fleece, attached by a trefoiled cailloii to 
the two briquets. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :—% * i BVLLA AVREA MAXIMIL'ANI • 

DEI • GRA • RO • EMPERATORIS • SEMPER • AVGVST ■ ARC"IDVC ■ 

AVSTRie • DVC ■ BVRG • BRABANT ■ STIRIE. 

{Inner circle): — CARINTH • C'RNIOLE • LVC^MB'I ■ 

GHELDR • PRING ■ IN HABSPVRG -CM- FL»NDRIE • TIROL' • 

PAL'TINl HANON HOL •. 

{Bulla aurca Maximiliani Dei Gratia Romanorum Iinperatoris semper 



44 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



aiii^ns/i, Aiiiiiducis Austrie, Diicis Bui'gnndie, Brabantie^ Stirie, Carin- 
thie, Cant/olc, Luxi-mburgi, Gheldrie, Frincipis in Habspurg, Coinitis 
Flandrie, Tirolis, Palatiiti Hanonie, Hollaiidic) 

Many pairs of letters are conjoined in monogram. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. loiS, figs, i, 2. 

Sea!, as King of the Romans and of Hungary ; 

A rchdiike of A tistria ; Duke of Burgundy and Brabant ; 

and Count Palatine. 

21,210. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2L in. [.xli. 131.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : GERMANY (ANCIENT 
Kingdom). Ensigned with a royal crown supported over the 
shield by two angels kneeling, and encircled with the collar 
of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Around this design are 
set five shields of arms, couclu's, united by four briquets and 
as many small pebbles or cailloux: dex. I. four bars, 
Hungary (Ancient) ; 2. Ancient Dukes of Burgundy ; 
sin. I. Austria {Hausiuappcn) ; 2. a lion rampant, for 
Brabant ; base, Tirol. 

* S ® MAXIMIL * ROMAN * ET * HVNG * ARGHIDVC * AVST * 
DVG * BVRG « BRA * COM * PALA ■ 



Another Seal. 

21.211. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impres- 
sion. 2-i2j in. [xli. 132.] 

A shield of arms : GERMANY (Ancient Kingdom), etc., 
as described in the preceding seal. No. 21,210, but from 
different matrix, with varying proportions of details. 

S " MAXIMILIAN! g D g G 8 ROM S GT » HVNG g RGX » 
ARCHIDX <= AVST = BVRGVD g BReT g DX § C0M6S g TIROLIS § 

Add. MS. 19,988, fol. 70, from seal appended to document, dated A.D. 
1494. 

Smaller Seal. 

21.212. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indis- 
tinct impression. l-f|- in. [xli. 134.] 

A shield of arms : GERMANY (ANCIENT KINGDOM). 
Betw. four shields of arms, conjoined together by pairs of 
stag's antlers : 1. AUSTRIA {Hausiuappen) ; 2. BURGUNDY 
(Ancient Dukes) ; 3. Hapsburg, or Flanders : 4. Tirol. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

S IttajcimtUani • Itomanovum • Krgts • arrljiOucis • 
auftiic • Duns • IjuvgnDtr. 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 45 

21.213. Another plaster cast from somewhat indistinct 
impression, [xli. 1 35-] 

A Counterseal or Signet. A.D. 1 507. 

21.214. Plaster cast, tinted green, from imperfect impres- 
sion. 14 in. [xli. 136.] 

An eagle of the Kingdom of Germany, displayed. The 
head surrounded with nimbus. The breast charged with an 
escutcheon of arms : per pale, dex. AUSTRIA {Haiisioappeti), 
sin. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes). 

MAXIMILIANVS • RO MPER ■ AVGVSTVS • 1507. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect. 

21.215. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impres- 
sion, i^ in. [xli. 141.] 

A shield of arms : a double-headed eagle displayed with 
nimbi, for the GERMAN Empire, charged on the breast with 
an escutcheon, per pale dex. AUSTRIA {Haicszvappen), sin. 
Burgundy (Ancient Dukes). Ensigned with an imperial 
crown, and accompanied at the sides and base with three 
briquets. The whole design in panel of open tracery. 

Legend on scroll : — 

S' ELECT .. OMAN' • IMPERATOR' MAXIMILIANI. 

The title of Emperor Elect was adopted by Maximilan I. 
in A.D. 1508, in place of the hitherto used title of Rex Ro- 
manortpn, borne by the sovereigns before their coronation in 
Rome. The new title was confirmed by Pope Julius II. 



MAXIMILIAN I., Emperor Elect; 

and CHARLES, Archduke of Austria, his grandson ; 

afteriv. (A.D. I ^^ig) Emperor Elect. 

21,216. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4| in. [xli. 142.] 

The Emperor with the imperial insignia, and the Archduke 
wearing the archducal coronet, and holding a sceptre and 
large sword. Seated on a throne ornamented with carving of 
the period of the renaissance, in the upper part of the back 
a portion of the Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. 
In the field on each side, two staves raguly in saltire, 
ensigned with two indistinct initials. ? M. c. 



46 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Within a cordon of eleven shields of arms, vis., five on each 
side, attached by a band or strap to, and depending from 
one at the top : AUSTRIA {Hausivappeii) ensigned with an 
archducal coronet ; dex. i. HUNGARY ; 2. Dalmatia, each 
ensigned with regal crown, 3. BURGUNDY ; 4. Brabant ; 
5. Luxemburg ; — sm. i. Castile and Leon quarterly ; 
2. Croatia, each ensigned with a royal crown ; 3. AUS- 
TRIA or LoTHARiNGiA ; 4. LiMBURG ; 5. Flanders or 
Gueldres. 

s • max • imp atoris • elegti • et • karoli • 

archidvgv • avstrie ■ priclpis • hispaniarv • dvcv • bvrg • 

braban • z • comitv • flan • z • 

Several pairs of letters are conjoined in monogram. 

Engraved (with a counterseal) in Uredius, Sig. Com. Flandr., p. 145, 
from a better impression, in which appears a motto, HALT MAS, 
" tene meiisiiram " engraved on the back of the throne ; i>/v'/. A/its. 
Photographs, pi. lOiS, fig. 3. 



CARL v., King Elect of the Romans ; King of Spain, the 
Sicilies, Jcrusalcin, etc. ; A rchduke of A itstria ; Duke of 
Burgundy ; Count of Flanders, etc. Elected Emperor 
A.D. 1 5 19; ob., A.D. J 5 58. 

21,217. [A.D. 1 5 19-1530.] Plaster cast, tinted green, from 
good impression. 2-!-^ in. [xli. 143.] 

Two shields of arms, en accolade : dex. GERMANY (ANCIENT 
Kingdom) ; sin. quarterly ; i. Castile ; ii. Leon ; iii. quar- 
terly in saltire, in chief and base four pales, in the flanks, 
two eagles displayed, KINGDOM OF SiCILY ; iv. BURGUNDY 
(Ancient Dukes). Ensigned with a royal crown. The straps 
of the shields interlaced. Background replenished with small 
crosses and annulets of various dimensions. The inner panel 
enclosing the design is partially cusped and carved. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

I^Outer circle) :— + CAROLVS ■ DIVINA • FAVETE • GLEMETIA • E • 

ROMANORVM ■ REX • SEMPER • AVGVST' ■ 

HISPANIAR • VTRIVSQ • SICILIE • ET • HIERLM • REX. 

(Inner circle) : — ETC ■ ARCHIDVX • AVSTRIE • DVX • 

BVRGVNDIE • COMES • FLANDRIE • TYROLIS • ETC • PRINCEPS • 

SVEVIE • ETC. 

Engraved in Uredius, Sig. Com. Flandr., p. 165, from an impression 
app. to a deed, dated .'^.D. 1520. 



GERMANY :— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 47 



Seal, as Emperor Elect, "fro Sacri Imperii Regimine'' 

21,218. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
5 in. [xli. 145.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle, displayed, each head with 
a nimbus ; on the breast a shield of arms ; ensigned with the 
imperial diadem. In base two carved batons or perhaps 
columns representing the " PiLLARS OF HERCULES," around 
which some of the tail feathers of the eagle are twined ; the 
hinder claw of each foot is caught in a briquet and caillou, 
component parts of the Collar of the Order of the Golden 
Fleece. The shield of arms is : quarterly of four grand quar- 
ters ; I. quarterly ; i. iv. CASTILE ; ii. iii. Leon ; 2. quarterly ; 
i. four pales, AragoN ; ii. KINGDOM OF SiCILY (see No. 
21,217) ; iii- a cross of Jerusalem, KINGDOM OF JERUSALEM ; 
iv. Kingdom of Navarre: these two quarters entcs of 
Granada ; 3. per fess, Austria {Hauswappen) and Bur- 
gundy (Ancient Dukes) ; 4. per fess. Burgundy (Modern 
Dukes) and a lion rampant, for Brabant, on these last 
two quarters an escutcheon, per pale, FLANDERS and TiROL. 

Legend on a scroll : — • 

CAROLVS Q • D • F • CLE • E • RO • IMP • 8^ • AVG ■ AC • HISP • 
VTRI'cg SICI ■ HieR • HVNG • DAL ■ CROA ■ Z • 
Rex ; ARCHIDVX • AVST • DVX • BVRG • ? SACRI • IMP • REGIMI^- 

Brit. Mas. Photographs, pi. 1018, fig. 6. 



Seal, as Emperor Elect, and King of Spain. 

21,219. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 

2 in. [xli. 149.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : GERMANY (MODERN EM- 
PIRE) ; the breast of the eagle charged with an escutcheon of 
Austria {Hauswappen), ensigned with an imperial diadem, 
the labels of which hang down behind the shield and curl 
themselves round the two PILLARS OF HERCULES in the base; 
betw. which is a shield of arms : BURGUNDY (Ancient 
Dukes), encircled by a Collar of the Order of the Golden 
Fleece. In field on each side a shield of arms : dex. Castile, 
sin. AragON, each suspended by the strap and ensigned with 
a royal crown of five trefoils. Above each of these two shields 
are two briquets and a caillou ; below, one of each of these 
devices. 

Legend on scroll : — 

CAROLVS o D c F = CL c GLGC o ROMANOR I IM.PATOR o ap o 
AVGVSTVS " AC » HISPANIABi o R€X. 



48 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Seal, as Emperor of the Romans ; King of Spain, Sicily 
and Jcrnsalcm ; A rchdiike of A ustria. 

21.220. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
3A in. _ [xli. 147.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle, with nimbus on each 
head, displayed. Ensi_;ncd with imperial diadem. On the 
breast a shield of arms: quarterly; i. quarterly; i. iv. 
Castile ; ii. iii. Leon, en tes with Granada ; 2. per pale, dex. 
four pales Aragon, sin. KINGDOM OF Sicily, see No. 21,217. 
3. per fess, in chief, AUSTRIA {Hausivappcn), in base, BUR- 
GUNDY (Ancient Dukes) ; 4. per fess in chief, BURGUNDY 
(Modern Dukes), in base, a lion rampant for Brab.\nt (?), 
in the nombril point an escutcheon per pale, dex. Flanders, 
sin. Tirol. Ensigned with an open crown or jewelled 
coronet of five large trefoils alternated with four smaller ones. 
Above diadem, on each side, a pair of staves raguly crossed 
in saltire. 

J • : CAROLVS • RO • IMPERATOR • SE> • AVG • HISPANIAR • 
VTRI • SIGILIE • HIER » ZC • ARCHIDVX • AVS. 

Urcdius, /. c, p. 189, from impression app. to a document, dated a.d. 
1 541 ; Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 73, from a deed, dated .\.D. 1530; Add. MS. 
27,345, fol. 106, from a deed, dated .a.d. 1546. 

Seal, as Emperor, "pro sacri Imperii Rcgiinine." 

21.221. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indistinct 
impression. 2^ in. [xli. 148.] 

The design of the seal resembles in all respects that on 
the larger seal, " pro sacri Imperii regimine," xli. 145, see 
No. 21,218. The title of " electus" will be observed to have 
been discarded in the legend : — 

CAROLVS ■ Q • D • F • CL • RO ■ IMP • S? • AVG • AC • HISP . 
VTRlHf SICl • HlfR • Z • R6X • ? ■ SACRI ■ IMP ■ REGIM. 

Seal, as Emperor, King of Spain and the Sicilies, Archduke 
of A ustria, and Duke of Burgundy. 

21.222. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good, but im- 
perfect, impression. 4-^ in. [xli. 150.] 

The Emperor, full-face, with imperial robes, ermine tippet, 
collar of an Order, and other insignia, open crown or diadem 
of an emperor. Seated on a carved and canopied throne, on 
each side, on a pillar (allusion being made to the PiLLARS 
OF Hercules, one of the Royal devices or badges of SPAIN), 
a shield of arms : dex. Germany (Modern Empire). En- 
signed with imperial diadem, upheld by flying angel, sin. as 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 49 

described in detail for xli. 147, No. 21,220, ensigned with 
jewelled crown of five trefoils, also upheld by flying angel. 
Each shield encircled with the collar of the Order of the 
Golden Fleece. In background, beyond pillars and below 
collars, two wavy ribbons or scrolls inscribed : — 

dex. SEMP k\IQ,\^. 
sin. PLVS OVLTR . . 

[CAROLVS] ROMANOR IPERATOR REX H1SP_A 
VTRIVStg CIGIL ARCH A DVX BVRG'. 

Brit. Mus. Photoffraphs, pi. loiS, fig. 7 ; engraved with (a counterseal), 
in Uredius, /. c, p. 1S2, for description of which see further on under 
No. 21,223. 

Counterseal, used as a Signet, or Small Seal. 

21.223. [a.d. 1522.] Red: indistinct, injured in parts. 
2-1- in. [Harl. ch. 43 B. i.] 

On an imperial double-headed eagle, a shield of arms 
quarterly ; i. Castile quartering Leon, 2. Aragon, im- 
paling Sicily, 3. Per fess, in chief Austria {Hauswappen), 
in base BURGUNDY (Ancient Dukes), 4. Per fess, in 
chief Burgundy (Modern Dukes), in base Brabant, 
in the nombril point a:i escutcheon, FLANDERS impaling 
Tirol. 

The eagle ensigned with imperial diadem. In base the 
legend or inscription : — 

CES • CAR. 

Inner border has two small cusped points at sides of 
diadem. 

21.224. Sulph. cast from above seal. [D.C., H. 88.] 

Cf. Uredius, Sij^g. Coinm. Flandr., p. 182, where this seal is used as 
counterseal to great seal described above. 



Seal, as Emperor of the Romans, King 

of Gerviatiy, Castile, Leon, Granada, Aragon, Navarre, 

Naples, Sicily, Majorca, Sardinia, tlie Islands of India and 

Terra-firtne, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Lothier, 

Brabant, Limburg, Luxemburg, and Gueldres, Count of 

Flanders, Artois, Burgundy Palatine, Hainaut, 

Holland, Zecland, Ferrette, Haguenault, 

Namur, Zutphen, etc., etc. 

21,225. Plaster casts, tinted green, from good impression, 
4iin. [.xli. 151, 144.] 

vol. VI. E 



50 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

0. The Emperor, full-face, with imperial diadem, tippet, 
collar, sceptre, orb, and other insignia. Seated on a carved 
throne, ornamented with elaborate canopy, in central part of 
top thereof a seated angel or cherub. Betw. the two PILLARS 
of Hercules, each sustaining a shield of arms : dex. GER- 
MANY (Modern Empire) ensigned with imperial crown or 
diadem ; sin. as described before, see No. 21,220, ensigned 
with crown or jewelled coronet of five trefoils. In back- 
ground, beyond the pillars, on each side an initial letter K, 
for Karolus. The design enclosed by, or set within, cordon 
or orle of fourteen shields of arms, each ensigned with a 
coronet : dex. I. quarterly ; i. iv. CasTILE, ii. iii. Leon ; 2. GER- 
MANY (Ancient Kingdom) ; 3. Navarre ; 4. Valencia ; 
5. Austria {Hauswappen) ; 6. Brabant ; 7. Flanders. 
Sin. I. Kingdo»i of Siciuv ; 2. Jerusalem; 3. Granada; 
4. Sardinia ; 5. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes) ; 6. Lim- 
BURG ; 7. Tirol. Between the points of last of each side 
two staves in saltire, raguly. 

CAR0LV3 • RO • IMPERATOR HISPANIARVM • 

VTRIVSQ SIGILIE ZG REX • ARCH • AVSTRIE ■ DVX ■ BVRGVND • 

BRABAN' ■ CO : FL. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. 2-i- in. diam. A shield of 
arms : GERMANY (MODERN Empire). The eagle charged 
on breast with shield or escutcheon of arms as described in 
previous seal. Ensigned with imperial crown or diadem. 
Encircled with collar of Order of the Golden Fleece, with the 
pendant badge thereof hanging down into ring for legend. 
In upper part of field, outside collar and crown, three sprigs 
or staves raguly, saltirewise. 



CESAR • CAROLVS I V I SGMPER ■ 
REX : CATHOLICVS • 
Cf. Uredius, /. c, p. 169. 



Altered State of the above. 



MC^JSJ\^ ■ 



21,226. [a.D. 1545.] Red : fine, injured. [Cott. ch. xvi. 24.] 
0. Resembles preceding, but with variations in proportion ; 
and in legend, where the word HISPANIAR' is contracted thus, 
and the eg in VTRiVSrs differently formed from correspond- 
ing letter in previous seal. 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 5 I 

FERDINAND I., Archduke of Austria ; 

King of Hungary and Boliemia, A.D. 1527 ; 

elected King of the Romans, A.D. 1 530 ; succeeded, 

A.D. 1558 ; ob., A.D. 1564. 

Seal, as King of the Romans, Germany, Hutigar}', Bohemia, 

Dalmatia, Croatia, Bosnia, Lodomiria, 

Bulgaria, Sclavonia, Rama, and Servia ; Infante of Spain ; 

Archduke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy, etc. 

21,227. Plaster casts, tinted green, from a good impression. 
Si in. [xli. 154, 155.] 

0. The King, turned slightly to the 1., in state, with all the 
regal insignia. Seated on elaborate throne, with richly carved 
canopy, on shell canopy of which an ornamental shield of arms : 
Germany (Ancient Kingdom), ensigned with crown and 
supported by two griffins, who also sustain a cloth embroidered 
with briquets at back of throne. On each side of carved work, 
an angel supporting a shield of arms : dex. per pale, dex. 
Hungary (Modern), sin. (Ancient), ensigned with royal 
crown of that Kingdom, sitt. BOHEMIA, also ensigned with 
royal crown. Below these on each side two angels or amorint 
issuing, with ornamental shield of arms, each ensigned with 
crown royal: dex. quarterly; I. CASTILE ; 2. Leon ; 3. Ar- 
RAGON ; 4. Sicily ; ent^ of Granada ; sin. three leopards' 
heads crowned, Dalmatia. In exergue, on ornamental foot- 
board, a sixth shield of arms : quarterly ; i. iv. AUSTRIA 
(Hauswapfen) ; \i. iii. BURGUNDY. Ensigned with archducal 
coronet and encircled with collar of the Order of the Golden 
Fleece. 

Legend within two concentric circles, broken at top and 
base, and contained with inner wavy border : — 

{Outer circle] :— FERDINANDVS ■ D • F • CL^ • ROM • REX • 

S6MP ■ AVGVST_ AG • GERMAN ■ 

HVNG ■ BOEM • DALM ■ CROAT ■ BOSNE • 

{Inner circle) :— LODOMERIE ■ BVLGARIE • _ SCLAVOn . 
RAMe • SERVIE Q. 

B. An eagle of the German Kingdom displayed with en- 
grailed nimbus, on its breast an ornamental shield of arms : 
Hungary (Modern) and (Ancient), impaled as in the obv. 
Round the eagle, on broad band of richly carved foliage, an 
crle or cordon of twelve shields of arms, each ensigned with 
its proper coronet : — viz., the Kingdoms of {top) i. CROATIA ; 
{dex) 2. Bosnia ; {sin) 3. Lodomiria ; {dex) 4. two crowns 
in pale; {sin) 5. BULGARIA?; {dex) 6. Marquisate OF 
Moravia ; {sin) 7. Principality of Silesia ; {dex) 8. 
Lower Lusatia ; {sin) 9. quarterly ; i. iv. Wurtemberg ; 



52 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

ii. iii. Bavaria (Ancient) ; (dex.) lo. Hapsburg; (si/i.) ii. 
Tirol ; {i>ase) 1 2. Alsatl\. 

Legend in continuation of style from obv. : — 

REX • INFANS • HISPAN • ARCH|D • AVST • DVX • BVRGVN ■ 

MARCHIO • MORA • ETC ■ DVX ■ SLESIE • 
WIRTEMB' ■ EC • COMES ■ HABSP • FLAND' ■ TIROL • ETC. 

The stops are ornamental carvings. Several pairs of letters 
compounded by placing one letter within the preceding 
letter, or united as a monogram. 
BrU. Afus. Photographs, pi. 1019, figs, i, 2. 

Seal, as King of the Romans, Hmigary, and Bohemia ; 

Archduke of A nstria ; Duke of Burgundy ; 

Count of Tirol, etc. 

21.228. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 

41 in. [xli. 156.] 

A shield of arms : GERMANY (ANCIENT KINGDOM). The 
breast of the eagle charged with an escutcheon of arms : per 
pale, dex. Au.STRiA {Hauszvappen), sin. CaSTILE. Ensigned 
with a royal crown. Supporters, two griffins. Encircled with 
collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Outside this design, 
an orle or cordon of eleven shields of arms, each ensigned 
with its proper crown or coronet : {dex.) i. HtJNGARY 
(Ancient) ; {sin.) 2. Hungary (Modern) ; {dex) 3. Bo- 
hemia ; {sin.) 4. Dalmatia ; {dex.) 5. CROATIA ; {sin.) 6. 
Bosnia ; {dex.) 7. Austria {Hauswappen) ; {sin.) 8. Bur- 
gundy (Ancient Dukes); {dex) 9. Brabant; {sin.) 10. 
Silesia (?) ; {base) 11. Tirol. 

Ferdinandvs ■ Dei • gracia ■ Romanor • Hvngari/e • 

ET ■ BoEMi^ • etc • Rex ■ Archidvx • 
AvsTRi>e • Dvx ■ BvRGVNDi/E • Comes • Tyrol' ■ etc' 

Engraved incorrectly in Uredius, Cencal. Flandr., p. 133. 

Smaller seal, as King of the Romans, Hungary, 

and Bohemia ; A rchduke of A ustria ; Infante of Spain ; 

Count of Tirol, etc. 

21.229. {circ. A.D. 1556-1558.] Plaster cast, tinted green, 
from somewhat indistinct impression. 3 in. [xli. 157.] 

An imperial eagle, displayed, with nimbus. The breast 
charged with an escutcheon of arms : quarterly ; r. Hungary 
(Ancient); 2. BohExMIa; 3. quarterly; i., iv., Castile, ii., 
iii., Leon ; 4. per pale, dex. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes), 
sin. Tirol : over all a small escutcheon of AUSTRIA {Haus- 
wappen). Shield encircled with collar of the Order of the 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 53 

Golden Fleece and pendant badge, thrown over eagle's neck. 
Background replenished with sprigs of arabesque foliage. In 
base, under tail of eagle, two small initial letters, R. I. 

* FERDINANDVS : D : G : ROMANORVM : REX: SEMPER : 

AVG : HVNG : BOEM : ZC : 
Rex : ARCHID : AVST : InF : HISP : COM : TIROLL • ZC. 



Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

Bohemia, Dal mat ia, Croatia, Sclavonia, etc.; Infante of Spain; 

Archduke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy, Stiria, Carinthia, 

Carniola, and Wiirtemberg ; Count of Tirol, etc. 

21,230. \circ. A.D. 1558-1562.] Plaster cast from good im- 
pression. 5 in. [xli. 158.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : GERMANY (MODERN 
Empire). On breast of eagle, an escutcheon of arms : per 
pale, dex. Austria {Hausiuappen), sin. Castile. Ensigned 
with imperial diadem ; encircled with collar of the Order of 
the Golden Fleece, with pendant hanging down therefrom ; 
and supported by two griffins. Background replenished with 
arabesque foliage. Within a broad carved border or band, 
a cordon of eleven shields of arms, all of which, except 
that in base, are ensigned with their appropriate crowns, 
coronets, or caps {dex.) 1. HUNGARY (ANCIENT) ; {si)i.) 
2. Hungary (Modern); {dex.). 3. Bohemia; (sin.) 4. 
Dalmatia ; {dex.) 5. Croatia ; {sin.) 6. Bosnia ; {dex.) 
7. Austria {Hausivappcn) ; {sin.) 8. Burgundy (Ancient 
Dukes; {dex.) 9. Brabant; {sin) 10. Silesia; {basi) 
Tirol. 

The legend within two concentric circles ; the inner border 
narrow, carved with small quatrefoils on its inner edge ; the 
outer broader, carved with laurel foliage on which are set 
roses at regular intervals. 

{Outer circle) :— FERDINANDVS • DEI • GRATIA • ELECTVS ■ 

RO • IMPERATOR ■ SEMPER • AVGVSTVS • 

GERMANIZE • HVNGARI/E • BOHEMI/E • DALMATI>C ■ CROATI/E • 

SCLAVONI/E • ZC • REX. 

{Inner circle) :— INFANS • HISPANIARVM • ARCHIDVX • AVSTRI/E ■ 

DVX • BVRGVNDI/E • STIRI/E • CHARINTHI/E ■ 

CARNIOL/E ■ ET • WIRTENBERG/E • ZC ■ GOMES • TIROLIS • ZC' 

Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 108, from impression attached to deed, dated 
A.D. 1559. 



54 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Golden Bulla of FERDINAND I., as King of the Romans; 

Hungary, Bohemia, etc. ; Infante of Spain ; Archduke of 

Austria ; Duke of Burgundy ; Count of Tirol, etc. 

21,231. Plaster cast, tinted green, of the obv. only, from 
good impression. 3.^ in. [xli. 160.] 

A large shield of arms : GERMANY (ANCIENT KINGDOM). 
Eagle charged on the breast with an escutcheon of arms ; per 
pale, dex. AUSTRIA {Hauswappen). sin. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT 
DuKES). Ensigned with a royal crown, and supported by 
two cherubs or angels. On each side, a smaller shield of 
arms: dex. quarterly; i, 4. HUNGARY (ANCIENT), 2, 3, 
Bohemia ; sin. quarterly ; i, 4. quarterly ; i. iv. CASTILE, 
ii, iii. Leon ; 2, 3. per pale, dex. Aragon, sin. Sicily. Each 
shield ensigned with a crown and held up by exterior hand 
of angel or cherub, who is holding the royal crown over 
principal shield. In base, a shield of arms : quarterly ; 
I, 4. Austria {^Hauszvappen), 2, 3. five eaglets displayed in 
saltire, for AUSTRL\ (au dcssons de I'Enns) ensigned with an 
archducal coronet, encircled with collar of the Order of the 
Golden Fleece, and supported by two winged cherubs seated. 

Background replenished with foliage. Above principal 
crown, two small initial letters M. O. probably initials of 
designer or engraver. 

+ FERDINANDVS • DIVINA • FAVENTI ■ FM • ROM ■ SEM • 

AVG • AG • HVNG • BOEM • EG • R6X ■ INF 

HISP • ARCHID • AVST • DVX • BVRGVN • EC • COM • TIRO • ETC. 



Golden Bulla (/FERDINAND I., as Emperor Elect; 

King of Germany, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, 

and Sclavonia, etc. 

21,232. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression 
of the (>i^i'. only. 3-g- in. [xli. 159.] 

The Emperor elect, full-face, with diadem, imperial robes, 
and insignia. Seated on an elaborately carved throne, with 
his feet on a geometrical pavement, platform, or dais with 
round projection in front. At the back an embroidered 
curtain of cloth of gold held up by the side pillars ; and on 
the shell-shaped canopy an imperial double-headed eagle set 
in chaplet of laurel leaves. On each side, on arms of throne, 
a shield of arms : dex. HUNGARY (ANCIENT) ; sin. BOHEMIA, 
each ensigned with its proper crown. 

FERDINANDVS : D : G : ELEC • ROM • IMP • SEMPER • AVG : GER • 
HVNG • BOHE • DAL • CROA • SCLA • ETC • REX. 

Outer border floreated. 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 55 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Hungary and Bohemia; 

Infante of Spain ; A rchdiike of A nstria ; 

and Count of Tirol, etc. 

21.233. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
■2\ in. [xli. i6i.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
and ensigned with imperial diadem ; the breast charged with 
a shield of arms, encircled with collar of the Order of the 
Golden Fleece having its pendant badge, and ensigned with 
royal crown. The arms are: — quarterly; i. HUNGARY 
(Ancient) ; 2. Bohemia ; 3. quarterly ; i. iv. Castile ; 
ii. iii. Leon; 4. per pale, «/t'x Burgundy (Ancient DuKES), 
sin. per fess, TiROL and Brabant ; over all an escutcheon 
of Austria (Hauswappen). Background replenished with 
foliage. 

FERDINANDVS : D : G : EL : RO : IMP : SEMP : AVG : 

GER : HVNG : BOHEM : ZC. REX : INF : HISPA : ARCHID : 

AVST : ZC'. COM : TYROL : ZC. 

Seal, as King of the Romans, Hungary, and Bohemia ; 

Infante of Spain ; Archduke of Austria ; Duke of 

iBurgundy ; and Count of Tirol. 

21.234. [a.d. 1534.] Red, 4 in. diam. ; on a saucer-shaped, 
uncoloured mass. 5|- in. [Add. ch. 16,315-] 

A shield of arms : GERMANY (Kingdom), the eagle charged 
on breast with escutcheon per pale, dex. AUSTRIA {Hans- 
tvappen), sin. BURGUNDY, ensigned with jewelled crown. 
The shield supported by two amorini, wearing winged cap 
and classic armour, who also sustain the crowns which ensign 
two smaller shields of arms at side of principal shield. The 
arms borne on these side shields are: dex. quarterly; 1,4. 
Hungary (Ancient) ; 2, 3. Bohemia ; sin. quarterly ; 
I, 4. quarterly ; i. iv. Castile ; ii. iii. Leon ; 2, 3. per pale, 
dex. Aragon, sin. Sicily, entt' of Granada. In base, a still 
smaller shield of arms : per pale, dex. AUSTRIA {Hauswappen), 
sin. an eagle displayed, for Tirol. Ensigned with a crown, 
encircled with collar of the Golden Fleece, having its pendant 
badge, and supported by two winged amorettes seated on 
cushions. Above crown which ensigns principal shield are 
initial letters : C. T. perhaps standing for CoMlTATUS Tyroli, 
and if so, indicating purposes for which the seal was, 
intended. 

© FERDI • DI • FA • CLE ■ ROR • SES • AVQS ■ AC • 

Hvnge • BoHEE • EC • Rex • Inf • 

HlSPR • AtRCHJ • AVSTE • DVX ■ BVRQE • EG • COM • TVROL'. 



56 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

MAXIMILIAN II., crowned King of the Romans, 

A.D. 1562 ; elected Emperor, A.D. 1562 ; consecrated King of 

Hiingaiy, A.D. 1563 ; succeeded, A.D. 1564 ; ob., a.d. 1576. 

Seal, as King of the Romans and Bohemia, etc., used 
in A.D. 1562. 

21,235. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
5 in. [xli. 162.] 

A shield of arms : Germany (Kingdom), ensigned with 
royal crowns encircled with collar of the Order of the Golden 
Fleece, having its pendant badge as before. Supporters, 
two griffins. The breast of the eagle charged with an 
escutcheon of arms: quarterly; i, 4. BOHEMIA; 2, 3. HUN- 
GARY (Ancient) ; over all a second escutcheon of smaller 
dimensions, per pale, dex. AUSTRIA {Hanswappen), sin. 
Castile. The design surrounded by a broad border, except 
at the upper part, bearing a cordon of twelve shields of arms, 
five at each side and two in the base, each ensigned with 
its own appropriate crown or coronet. The arms are : — {dex.) 
I. Bohemia ; (sin.) 2. Hungary (Modern) ; {dex.) 3. Hun- 
gary (Ancient) ; {sin.) 4. Dalmatia ; {dex.) 5. Croatia; 
(sin.) 6. Bosnia ; {dex.) 7. Austria {Hanswcippen) ; {sin.) 8. 
Burgundy (Ancient Dukes) : {dex.) 9. Styria ; {sin.) 10. 
Carinthia ; {base dex) TiROL ; {sin) SiLESiA, or Carniola. 

The legend is contained in two concentric circles : — 

(Outer circle) :— MAXIMILIANVS • II • DEI • GRATIA • ROMANORVM • 

ET • BOHEMI/E ■ REX • SEMPER • AVGVSTVS • 
ARCHIDVX • AVSTRI/E ■ DVX ■ BVRGVNDI,C ■ STIRI/E • GARINTHI/E. 

(Inner circle):— Ck'RWOX.flE. ■ MARCHIO- MORAVI/E ■ LVGEMBVRGI • 

AC • SVPERIORIS ■ ET • INFERIORIS • 
SILESI/E • DVX • MARCHIO • LVSATI/E • ZC • COMES • TIROLIS • Z. 



Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia, Rama, Servia, 

Gallicia, Bosnia, Lodomiria, Cn mania, and Bulgaria, etc. 

21,236. Plaster cast, tinted green, from obv. only of fine 
impression, slightly chipped. 5J- in. [xli. 164.] 

The Emperor elect, wearing imperial robes, and with 
diadem, sceptre, and orb, face turned slightly to the r. 
Seated, with feet on tasseled cushion, on finely carved throne, 
with round-headed canopy supported on columns, of the 
style of the Renaissance, and cloth-of-gold curtain at back. 
In space under arch, but above tester and valance, a shield of 
arms : GERMANY (Emtire), ensigned with the imperial 
crown, and supported by two griffins segreant. Outside the 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. $7 

columns, on each side an eagle rising, supporting an orna- 
mental shield of arms ensigned with a crown : dex. per pale, 
dex. Hungary (Modern), sin. Hungary (Ancient) ; sin. 
Bohemia. Below these, and also on each side, a lion 
rampant supporting a crowned shield of arms : dex. quarterly ; 
I. Castile, 2. Leon, 3. Aragon, 4. Sicily, ^w// of Granada ; 
sin. Dalmatia. Throne has two projecting semicircular 
steps, diapered, and ornamented with embroidered carpet. 
On the lower step is set a shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. 
Austria {Hmiszvappcn) ; sin. 3. BURGUNDY, ensigned with 
archducal coronet, and supported by two winged putti seated 
on step. 

Legend in two concentric circles, with carved borders, 
opened at top and base by the design. 

{Outer circle) :— MAXIMILIANVS • II • D : G : ELEC : 

ROMA • IMPERA ; SEMP' __ AVG : 
AC : GER : HVNGARIE : BOHE : DALMA : CROATIE : 

{Inner circle) :— SCLAVO : RAME : SERVIE : GALLITIE • BOSNE ■ 
_ LODOMERIE GVM ANIE ■ BVLGARIEtB REX. 

The letters MA and IMP in outer circle respectively con- 
joined. From incomplete character of legend it is evident 
that this seal was provided with a counterscal or reverse, 
carrying continuation of titles of the emperor elect in its 
legend. 



Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia, etc. ; Archduke of 

A nstria ; Duke of Burgundy, Stiria. Carinthia, Carniola, and 

Wiirtemberg, etc. ; Count of Tirol, etc. 

21,237. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
5 in. [xli. 165.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : GERMANY (EMPIRE), the 
field diapered, the breast of the eagle charged with an 
escutcheon : per pale, dcx. AUSTRIA {Hausivappen), sin. 
Castile. Ensigned with imperial diadem, encircled with 
collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, having its pendant 
badge attached, and supported by two griffins segreant. 
Within a broad band or border containing a series of eleven 
shields in orle, each ensigned with its appropriated crown, 
coronet, or cap : {dex.) i. HUNGARY (ANCIENT) ; {sin.) 
2. Hungary (Modern) ; {dex.) 3. Bohemia ; {sin.) 4. Dal- 
matia; {dex.) 5. Croatia ; {sin.) 6. Bosnia ; {dex) 7. Austria 
{Hauswappen) ; {sin) 8. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT DUKES) ; 
{dex) 9. Brabant ; {sin) Silesia ; {base) Tirol. Cf. No. 
21,230, which this seal resembles in many respects. 



S8 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Inner cirde) :— MAXIMILIANVS • SECVNDVS • DEI • GRATIA • 

ELECTVS • ROMANORVM ■ IMPERATOR • 

SEMPER » AVGVSTVS • GERMANI/G » HVNGARI/E » BOHEMI/E • 

DALMATI/E • GROATI/E. 

{Outer circle) :— SCLAVONI/E » ZG' • REX • ARCHIDVX ■ AVSTRI^ • 

DVX ■ BVRGVNDI/E • STIRI/E • GARINTHl/E • 
CARNIOL/E ■ ET • WIRTEMBERG/E • ZC • COMES • TYROLIS • ZC 
Outer border carved with foliage. 

Drawn in Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 80, from impression appended to 
document, dated A.D. 1566; and Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 109, appended to 
document of similar date. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germatiy, Hungary, 

and Bohemia ; Archduke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy ; 

Count of Tirol, etc. 

21.238. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
4 in. [xli. 166.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
ensigned with imperial diadem, encircled with collar of the 
Order of the Golden Fleece, with pendant badge or fleece 
appended thereto, and charged on breast with an escutch- 
eon of arms : quarterly ; i. HUNGARY (ANCIENT) ; 2. BO- 
HEMIA ; 3. quarterly ; i. iv. Castile ; ii. iii. Leon ; 4. per 
pale, dex. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT Dukes), sin. per fess in 
chief, Tirol, in base Brabant ; over all an escutcheon of 
arms : AUSTRIA {Hauswappen). Shield ensigned, or eagle 
gorged, with crown of five trefoils alternated with four pearls. 
Background diapered with arabesque foliage. 

Legend within two borders, carved with foliage, the outer 
broader and thicker than the inner one. 

MAXIMILIANVS ■ SECVND' -0:0: ELECT' • RO ■ IMPERATO" • 
_SEMP • AVGVsT' • GERMANI/E • HVNGARj/E • BOHEMI,C_ 
ZC REX • ARCHID • AVsT • DVX ■ BVR • ZC • Com TyR ZC. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1020, fig. 4. 

Golden Bulla, as Emperor Elect, King of Germany, 

Hungary, Bohemia, Croatia, and Sclavonia ; Infante of 

Spain ; A rchduke of A ustria ; Duke of Burgundy ; 

Marquis of Moravia ; Count of Tirol, etc. 

21.239. Plaster casts, tinted green, from fine impression. 
3i in. [xli. 16S, 169.] 

p. The Emperor elect, full-face, with imperial vestments, 
diadem, sceptre, orb, and other insignia. Seated on a carved 
throne with shell-backed canopy, in which is represented the 
imperial doublc-lieadcd eagle displayed. The feet of the 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 59 

emperor set on diapered carpet laid on geometrical pave- 
ment of semicircular dais which projects from the throne. 
The sides of the throne are ornamented with two lions 
couchant ajfrontes, at each side, on the carved work of the 
throne, a shield of arms : dex. HUNGARY (Ancient) ; sin. 
Bohemia ; each ensigned with its proper crown. All within 
a panel or bordure of trefoiled cusps. 

MAXIMILIANVS • II • D • G • EL • RO • IMP • SEMf • AVG ■ GER . 
HVNG • BOHE • CROA • SOLA • ETC' REX. 

B. An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with 
nimbi, ensigned with imperial diadem, charged on breast 
with escutcheon of arms: quarterly; i, 4. HUNGARY (An- 
cient), 2, 3. Bohemia ; surcharged with smaller escutcheon 
of arms : quarterly ; I. AUSTRIA {Hmiswappcn) ; 2. Castile ; 
3. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes) ; 4. Aragon. This in 
turn charged with escutcheon of still smaller dimensions 
bearing arms of TiROL and Brabant, FLANDERS, or per- 
haps Moravia, impaled. Shield encircled with collar of the 
Order of the Golden Fleece and ensigned with crown or 
coronet of five trefoils. 

INFANS • HISP • ARCHIDVX ■ AVSTRl^E ■ DVX • BVRG • ETC • 
MARCHIO • MORAVl/E ■ ETC • COMES • TIROL' ETC. 

The letters ET in ETC are, in each case, respectively con- 
joined in monogram. 
Carved borders. 

Obv. only, figured in Brit. Mus. Photographs j pi. 1020, fig. 2. 



Small Seal, as Emperor ; King of Germany, Hungary, and 
Bohemia ; Archduke of Austria ; and Count of Tirol. 

21,240. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2-L|- in. [xli. 170.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle, with nimbi, and en- 
signed with diadem as before ; breast charged with shield of 
arms, as described in No. 21,233, ensigned with coronet and 
encircled with collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, to 
which is attached customary pendant badge. 

Background is replenished with foliage. 

MAXIMILIANVS © II ® DEI © GRATIA @ RO «> IMP^® SEMP «> 
_ AVG "gJ GERM © HVNG «> BOHEM ■S' 

EC «> REX © ARCHIDVX «> AVSTRI/C <3= EC © COMES © TYROL'. 



6o CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

RODOLPH, or RUDOLPH 11., King of 

Hungary, A.D. 1572 ; King of Bohemia and of the Romans, 

A.D. 1575 ; succeeded, A.D. 1576; ob., A.D. 1612. 

Seal, as King of the Romans, Hungary and Bohemia ; Arch- 
duke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy ; Count of Tirol, etc. 

21,241. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
51 in. [xli. 171.] 

An eagle displayed, with nimbus, for KINGDOM OF GER- 
MANY, its breast charged with escutcheon of arms : quar- 
terly ; I, 4. Hungary (Ancient), 2, 3. Bohemia, over all, 
a smaller escutcheon of arms : quarterly ; i. per pale, dex., 
Austria {Hauswappen), sin. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes), 
2. quarterly ; i. iv. Castile, ii. iii. Leon, 3. per pale, dex. 
Aragon, sin. Sicily, 4. indistinct, the point enti of 
Granada. This is charged in its turn with escutcheon 
of arms of still smaller dimensions : per pale, dex. TIROL, 
sin. Flanders or Brabant. The principal escutcheon en- 
signed with coronet of five trefoils. Background diapered 
with sprigs of foliage. 

© RVDOLPHVS • II • DEI • GRATIA • RO • HVNG • BOHE • ZC • 
REX • ARGH'X • AVS • DVX • _ 

BVRGVNDI>€ • ZC • COMES • TYROLIS ZC. 

Border of foliage treated in classic style. 



Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

Bohemia, Da I mat ia, Croatia, and Sclavonia ; Archduke of 

Austria; Duke of Burgundy, Stiria, Carinthia, Carniola, and 

Wirtemberg, etc. ; Count of Tirol, etc. 

'2\,1^'2>. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
5 in. [xli. 172.] 

The design of this seal resembles that of No. 21,237. The 
principal difference being in shapes of principal shield and 
some of the smaller ones. Fields in some cases diapered. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— RVDOLPHVS • SECVNDVS, etc., as in No. 21,237. 

{Inner circle) :— SCLAVONIyt, etc., as in No. 21,237. 
Border carved with foliage in classical style. 



Seal, as before, but without the Collar of the Order of the 
Golden Fleece. 

21,243. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression, 
[xli. 178.] 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 6l 

This is from same matrix as preceding seal, but in place 
of collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, which there 
encircles principal shield, there are here introduced a series 
of four amorini on swags or festoons of foliage and flowers. 
The lowest pair holding up ends of ribbons issuing from 
mouth of a leopard's head at base. 

Legend as before. 

Drawn in Add. MS. 27,354, fol. no, from impression appended to 
deed, dated a.d. 15S0; Brit. Mus. Phoiographs, pi. 1020, fig. i. 



Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

and Bohemia; Archduke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy ; 

and Count of Tirol, etc. 

21,244. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
[.xli. 174.] 

This seal has been adapted to use by the Emperor Elect, 
Rudolph, from matri.x of No. 21,238, that used by Ma.ximilian 
II., by substitution of the name RVDOLPH in rather larger 
capital letters than those of rest of legend. The collar of the 
Order of the Golden Fleece has also been removed, and the 
plumage of imperial eagle carefully completed, so as to hide 
alterations. 

Legend : — 

RVDOLPHVS, etc., as in No. 21,238. 



Small Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, 

Hungary, and Boheinia ; Archduke of Aitstria ; D tike of 

Burgundy; and Count of Tirol, etc. 

21,245. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
31 in. [xli. I75-] 

An imperial double-headed eagle, with nimbi, displayed. 
Ensigned with imperial diadem, as before. The breast charged 
with escutcheon of arms : as described for No. 21,244. This 
is ensigned with crown or coronet. Background diapered with 
arabesque foliage. All within carved band or bordure. 

RVDOLPHVS ■ SEGVND' • D • G • ELECT' • RO ■ IMP • SEMp • 
_ AVG • GERMANIZE • HVNGARI/E • BOHEMI>e • 
ZC REX ■ ARGHID ■ AVST • DVX • BVR • ZC CO • TYR. 

Several pairs of letters conjoined in monogram. Carved 
borders of foliage. 

Engraved in Uredius, Ceneal. Comm. Flandr., p. 137. 



62 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



MATTHIAS, Ki/!jf of //itii£-arj', A.V. 1608; King of 

Bohemia, A.D. 161 1 ; elected Emperor, A.D. 1612 ; crowned 

Emperor, A.D. 1612 ; ciJ., A.D. l6ig. 

5m/ flj Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

and Bohemia ; Archduke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy ; 

Count of Tirol, etc. 

21,246. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
3| in. [xli. 176.] 

The design of this seal very similar to that of No. 21,245, 
bearing imperial eagle, charged with ornamental escutcheon 
of arms, with smaller escutcheon, as in Nos. 21,238 ; 21,245, 
ensigned with coronet as in No. 21,245, ^^^ encircled with collar 
of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Background diapered 
with arabesque foliage. Within carved panel or band. 

MATTHIAS -0:0: ELECT : RO • IMP ■ SEMP^- AVG • GERMANI,C • 
HVNGARl/E • BOHEMl/E^ZC • _ 

REX ■ ARCHID • AVST ■ DVX • BVR ZG CO • TYR • ZC. 

Carved border of foliage. 

Uredius, I. c, p. 138 ; Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 86, from seal appended to 
deed, dated A.D. 1613. 



The Golden Bulla of the Emperor Elect. 

21,247. Plaster casts, tinted green, from fine impression. 
31 in. [xli. 177, 178.] 

0. The Emperor, with imperial insignia, seated, full-face, 
on finely covered throne beneath rich canopy, above which 
an ornamental oval escutcheon of the GERMAN P^MPIRE, 
supported by two angels. At each side, on the carving, 
an angel supporting in exterior hand an ornamental shield of 
arms : dcx. HUNGARY (ANCIENT), sin. BOHEMIA, and with 
interior hand elevating the crown appropriated to these king- 
doms respectively. Background replenished with arabesque 
foliage, within carved border or band. 

MATTHIAS • D • G • EL • ROMA • IMP ■ SEMf • AVG . GERMANIZE • 
HVNGARI/E ■ BOHEMI/E • DAL • CROA • SCLA ETC REX. 

R. An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
and imperially ensigned, charged on breast with ornamental 
oval shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. HUNGARY (Ancient), 
2, 3. BoHEMLA. ; over all an escutcheon : quarterly ; i. AUSTRIA 
(Hauswappen) ; 2. Castile ; 3. Burgundy (Ancient 
buKES) ; 4. Aragon. Over all another escutcheon of 
smaller dimensions : TIROL and FLANDERS impaled. Ensigned 
with coronet. 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 63 

Legend within two foliated borders (continued from tlieobv.). 

ARCHIDVX ■ AVSTRI/E • DVX • BVRGVNDI/E • ETC MARCHIO • 
MORAVI/E • ETC • COMES • TYROLIS • ETC. 

The letters ET in ETC are conjoined in monogram. 
Carved borders of foliage. 

Cf. the Golden Bulla of the Emperor Ferdinand II., Add. MS. 27,345, 
fols. 112, 112 b J Uredius, Geneal. Comm. Flatidr., p. 140. 

Seal, for Bohemia, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, 

Hungary, and Bohemia; Archduke of Austria ; Duke of 

Burgundy ; Margrave of Moravia, Ltixemburg, and 

Silesia ; Duke Margrave of L usatia, etc. 

21,248. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4V in. [xli. 179.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
and ensigned with the imperial diadem. The breast charged 
with ornamentally-shaped escutcheon of arms : quarterly ; 

1, 4. Hungary (Ancient) ; 2, 3. Bohemia. Over all an 
escutcheon of smaller dimensions : quarterly ; I. per pale, dex. 
Austria {Hauswappen), sin. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes), 

2. quarterly ; i. iv. CastiLE, ii. iii. LeoN, 3. per pale, dex. 
Aragon, sin. indistinct, 4. per fess, in chief, BURGUNDY 
(Modern Dukes), in base, Brabant, ent^ of Granada. 
This in turn charged with still smaller escutcheon of arms : 
per pale, very indistinct, probably dex. TiROL, sin. Flanders. 
The large shield or escutcheon encircled with collar of the 
Order of the Golden Fleece, and ensigned with crown of five 
trefoils alternated with four small fleurs-de-lis. Betw. collar 
and upper edge of the displayed wings, in field of seal 
the initial letters : — S. B. {Sigillian Bohemia ?). On each side 
two amorini, or cherubic figures, the upper one supporting 
two shields, the lower one shield of arms : viz., (dex) I. an 
eagle chequy, crowned, Marquisate of Moravia ; (sin) 

2. an eagle displayed crowned (on its breast a crescent 
charged with crosslet, etc.), PRINCIPALITY OF SiLESIA ; (dex) 

3. barry (for five bars), a lion rampant crowned, Grand- 
DUCHY OF Luxemburg ; (sin) 4. a bull passant (on a 
mount), Lower Lusatia ; (dex) 5. a wall crenellated, etc., 
Marquisate of Upper Lusatia ; (sin) 6. per fess, in the 
chief part a lion passant. Background diapered with arabesque 
sprigs of foliage. 

MATTHIAS * D ■ G • EL • RO • IM SEMf ■ AVG • GER • HVNG ■ 

BGHEMI/E • SC REX • ARCHIDVX • AVST ■ DVX ■ BVRG • 

MARH ■ MORA • LVCEM • AC SYLES • DVX • MARCHIO • LVS ZC. 

From introduction of rosette and sprig after first word of 
legend it is probable that this seal has been adapted from a 



64 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



matrix used by a previous monarch. Carved borders, the 
outer border with classical foliage. 

Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 85, from a seal appended to a document, dated 
A.D. 161:!. 



FERDINAND W., Archduke of Austria ; King of 

Bohemia, A.D. 1617 ; King of Hungary, A.D. 1618; Emperor, 

A.D. 1619; ob., A.T>. 1637. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, 

Hungary, and Bohemia ; Archduke of Austria ; Duke of 

Burgundy ; and Count of Tirol, etc. 

21.249. Plaster cast from chipped impression. 4! in. 
[xli. 1 82.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : GERMANY (Empire), the 
breast of eagle charged with escutcheon of arms : per pale, 
dex. Austria {Hausivappen), sin. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT 
Dukes). Ensigned with imperial diadem. Supported by 
two griffins segreant. At each side an ornamental shield of 
arms, of smaller dimensions, ensigned with a royal crown. 
The armorial bearings of these shields are : dex. quarterly ; 
I, 4. Hungary (Ancient), 2, 3. Bohemia ; sin. quarterly ; 

1, 4. quarterly ; i. iv. Castile, ii. iii. Leon, 2, 3. per pale, dex. 
AraGON, sin. Sicily. In base another shield of arms of 
still less dimensions : quarterly ; i, 4. AUSTRIA {Hauszuap- 
pen), 2, 3. five eaglets displayed, two, two, and one, AUSTRIA 
(an dcssons de I'Enns). Ensigned with archducal coronet, 
and supported by two lions. The whole design replenished 
with fine diapering of arabesque sprigs and curved lines. 

FERDINANDVS • II • D ■ G • ELEGTVS • ROMA • IMP- SEMPER • 

AVG ■ GER • HVNG • BCOHE : ZC ■ RIEX • 

ARCHID • AVST : DVX ■ BVRG ■ Z' • CO : TYROLIS • ZC. 

Carved borders, as before. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Htitigary, 

and Bohemia ; Archduke of Austria, Duke of 

Burgundy ; and Count of Tirol. 

21.250. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4 in. [xli. I S3.] 

Apparently a copy of No. 21,246, to which it bears con- 
siderable resemblance. The imperial double-headed eagle 
displayed, with nimbi ; the breast charged with carved 
escutcheon of arms: quarterly; I. HUNGARY (Modern), 

2. Bohemia, 3. quarterly ; i. iv. CASTILE, ii. iii. Leon, 4. per 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 65 

pale, dex. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes), sin. per fess, in 
chief Tirol, in base FlandeRs, or Brabant, over all an 
escutcheon of much smaller dimensions : AUSTRIA {Haits- 
wappcii), ensigned with crown and encircled with collar of the 
Order of the Golden Fleece. The eagle is ensigned with the 
imperial diadem as before. Within a carved band or border ; 
the background enriched with diaper work of arabesque 
foliage. 

FERDINANDVS : II : D : G : EL : RO ; IMP : SEMg : AVG : 
GERMANISE : HVNGARI/E : BO[HE]MI-^ : _ 

ZC : REX : ARCHID : AVST : DVX : BVR : ZC : CO : TYR : CZ. 

Carved border as before. 

Add. MS. 19,998, fol. 90, from an impression attached to a document, 
dated a.d. 1625. 

Small Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 
and Bohemia, etc, 

21,251. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2| in. [xli. 184.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle, displayed, with nimbi, 
ensigned with imperial diadem, and charged on breast with 
escutcheon of arms : quarterly ; i. HUNGARY (ANCIENT), 
2. Bohemia, 3. per pale, dex. Austria {Hauswappen), sin. 
Burgundy (Ancient Dukes), 4. quarterly ; i. iv. Castile, 
ii. iii. Leon. Ensigned with crown of five fleurs-de-lis, etc., 
and encircled with collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. 

FERDINANDVS ■ II • D • G • EL • RO • IMPER ■ S • A • GERM • 
HVNG • BOHE ■ REX • ARCH ■ AVST • DVX ■ BVR • CO • TYR'. 

Carved border of classical foliage. 



FERDINAND III., King of Hungary, A.D. 1625 ; 

King of Bohemia, A.D. 1627; King of the Romans, K.\i. 1636; 

succeeded, A.D. 1637 ; ob., A.D. 1657. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, 

Hungary, Bohemia, Dahnatia, Croatia, and Sclavonia ; 

Archduke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy, Stiria, Carinthia, 

Carnolia and Wirtembcrg ; Count of Tirol, etc. 

21,252. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4^ in. [xli. 186.] 

The design of this seal closely resembles that of No. 21,242, 
but is not from the same matrix. 

FERDINANDVS ■ TERTIVS, etc., as in No. 21,242, q.v. 

Uredius, Geneal. Comm. Flandr., pp. 141, 147; and Add. MS. 19,998, 
fol. 94, from a seal appended to a document, dated 1640. 

VOL. VL F 



66 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

21.253. [a.d. 1639.] Red, on a thick uncoloured saucer- 
shaped mass. Appended by gold threads, plaited, to a royal 
grant of arms. [Add. MS. 21,966.] 

Small Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

and Bohemia ; A rchduke of A iistria, Duke of Burgundy, 

Count of Tirol, etc. 

21.254. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
4 in. [xli. 187.] 

This seal is apparently from matrix of seal of Ferdinand II., 
No. 21,250, with alteration of II. into III. after Emperor's 
name in legend. 

Add. MS. 19,998, f. 9, from an impression attached to a document, 
dated a.d. 1639. 

The Imperial Seal for Bohemia. 

21.255. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
[xli. 188.] 

This seal is apparently from matrix of seal of Emperor 
Matthias, No. 21,248, with alteration of name in legend, to : — 
FERDINANDVS ■ ML 

Add. MS. I9,9q8, f. 92, from impression attached to document, dated 
A.D. 1638. Cf. also ff. 88, 89. 

A smaller Seal, as Emperor Elect ; 
King of Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia, etc. 

21.256. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
2\ in. [xli. 189.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed with nimbi, 
and ensigned with imperial diadem. On its breast an oval 
shield of arms: quarterly; i. HUNGARY (An'CIENT) ; 2. Bo- 
HEMLA. ; 3. per pale, dex. AUSTRLA. {Hauszvappen) ; sin. BUR- 
GUNDY (Ancient Dukes) ; 4. quarterly, Castile and 
Leon ; ensigned with crown and encircled with collar of the 
Order of the Golden Fleece, as before. 

FERDINANDVS • III ■ D ■ G • EL • RO • IMP ■ SEMP ■ AVG • 

GER ■ HVNG • BOHE • Z • 

REX • ARCHID • AVST • DVX • BVR • Z CO ■ TYR 

Carved borders of foliage. 

Cf. No. 21,251. 

Another Seal. 

21.257. [a.d. 1641.]. Wafer, en placard, covered with paper 
before impression. 2^ in. [Add. ch. 6158.] 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 6^ 

Copy of preceding seal, not from same matrix, which, 
however, it resembles in detail. Legend varies in a few 
unimportant respects. 

FERDINANDVS • 111 • D • G • EL • RO • IMPER • S ■ A • 

GERM • HVNGA • BOH • Z • 

REX • ARCH • AVST • DVX • BVR • CO • TYR. 

Carved borders of foliage. 



LEOPOLD, King of Hungary, A.D. 1655 ; King of Bohemia, 
A.D. 1656 ; Elected Emperor, A.D. 1658/ ob., A.D. 1705. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, 

Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia, etc. ; 

Archduke vf Austria ; Duke of Burgundy, Stiria, Carinthia, 

Carniola and Wiirtemberg ; Count of Tirol, etc. 

21,258. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
Si in. [xli. 190.] 

A finely carved oval shield of arms : GERMANY (EMPIRE), 
the breast of the eagle charged with small carved oval 
escutcheon of arms : per pale, dex. AUSTRIA {Hauswappen), 
sin. Castile. Encircled with collar of the Order of the 
Golden Fleece. Ensigned with imperial diadem. Supported 
by two griffins reguardant. Within two foliated borders, ten 
small carved oval shields of arms en cordo>i, each ensigned 
with its proper crown or coronet : {dex.) i. Hungary 
(Ancient) ; {sin.) 2. Hungary (Modern) ; {dex.) 3. Bo- 
hemia ; {sin.) 4. Dalmatia ; {dex.) 5. Croatia ; {sin.) 
6. Bosnia alias Sclavonia ; {dex.) 7. Austria {Haus- 
wappen) ; {sin.) 8. BURGUNDY (Ancient Dukes) ; {dex.) 
9. Hapsburg(?); {sin.) lo. Moravia (?). In base, below 
pendant badge of the Golden Fleece, and partly on space 
reserved for legend, a shield of arms : TIROL, not ensigned 
with coronet. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{02iter circle) :— + LEOPOLDVS + DEI ■ GRATIA • ELECTVS • 

ROMANORVM • IMPERATOR ■ SEMPER • 

AVGVSTVS • GERMANI/E • HVNGARI/E • DALMATI/E • CROATI/€. 

{Inner circle) :— SCLAVONI/E • ZC • REX ■ ARCHIDVX • AVSTRI/E ■ 

DVX • BVRGVNDI/E • STIRI/E • CARINTHI/E ■ 
CARNIOL/E • ET • WIRTEMBERG/E ■ ZC • COMES ■ TYROLIS • ZC 

Outer border elaborately carved with classical foliage. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1021, fig. i. 

F 2 



68 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



The Golden Bulla, as Empe>-or Elect. 

21.259. \circ. A.D. 165S-16S7.] Plaster casts, tinted green, 
from fine impression of the Golden Bulla. 3^ in. [xli. 220, 
221.] 

0. The Emperor, with imperial insignia. Seated on a 
carved throne under a richly diapered and carved baldachin 
or curtained canopy supported by two Corinthian pillars ; on 
the pediment an oval shield of arms : GERMAN EMPIRE, 
carved and chased, supported by two angels, sitting on the 
cornice. At each side of the carving, an eagle, in its beak 
the loop which gathers up curtain of canopy. Below these, 
and partly behind pillared balustrades, on each side, an angel 
supporting with exterior hand an oval and ornamental shield 
of arms: dex. HUNGARY (Ancient); sin. Bohemia, with 
interior hand holding regal crown above shield. Emperor's 
feet rest on tasselled cushion set on diapered carpet covering 
projecting semicircular steps or dais ornamented- with geo- 
metrical designs, on which the whole tableau rests. 

Legend betw. two carved or foliated borders : — 

+ LEOPOLDVS • D ■ G • EL • RO • IMP ■ SE • AVG • GERMA ■ 
HVNGAR1>E • BOHEMI/E • DAL ■ CROA ■ SCLA EJC REX. 

B. An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
and ensigned with diadem. Charged on the breast with 
ornamentally carved oval shield of arms: quarterly; i, 4. 
Hungary (Ancient); 2, 3. Bohemia; over all an oval 
escutcheon of arms : quarterly ; i. AUSTRIA {Hauswappen) ; 
2. Castile ; 3. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes) ; 4. Ar.\gon. 
Over all an oval of smaller dimensions charged with arms of 
Tirol and Flanders impaled. Shield ensigned with royal 
crown, held up by exterior hands of two angels seated on 
ornamental carving of sides, with their exterior hands holding 
the ends of collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, which 
encircles shield. 

Legend within two carved borders of foliage : — 

ARCHIDVX • AVSTRI/E • DVX • BVRGVNDI/E • ETC' • MARCHIO • 
MORAVI>E etc ■COMES TYROLIS ETC. 

The letters ET in Etc are conjoined in monogram. 

This bulla has been wrongly attributed to the Emperor 
Leopold n., A.D. 1790-1792, according to inscriptions on the 
back of the casts. 

Another Seal, as Emperor Elect, etc. 

21.260. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4-1 in. [xli. 191.] 

Apparently from same matrix, as No. 21,252, with the 



GERMANY: — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 69 

remarkable difference that the outer circle of legend has been 
cut down deeper, and the legend re-engraved, so that it 
now reads : — 

LEOPOLDVS • DEI • GRATIA • ELECTVS ■ ROMANORVM • 

IMPERATOR • SEMPER • AVGVSTVS • 

GERMANIZE ■ HVNGARI/E • BOHEMI/E • DALMATI/E • 

CORATI>E {sic). {Inner circle), as in No. 21,252. 

Add. MS. 19,998, f. 96, from an impression attached to a deed, dated 
A.D. 1659; Add. MS. 27,345, f. 115. 

21.261. [A.D. 1668.] Red, on an uncoloured saucer-shaped 
mass. Appended by plaited silver threads to a grant of 
Nobility. [Add. MS. 19,878.] 

Seal, as Emperor Elect, etc., for Hungary and Bohemia. 

21.262. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
[xli. 192.] 

The design of this seal the same as that in No. 21,250. The 
matrix has been adapted by altering the Emperor's name in 
legend, to — 

LEOPOLDVS • D • G ■ EL ■ RO • IMP • SEMP • AVG • GERMANIZE • 

HVNGARIZE • BOHEMI,^ • REX • 

ARCHID ■ AVST • DVX ■ BVR ■ ZG • CO • TYR ■ CZ. 



Another Seal. 

21,263. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4f in. [xli. 193.] 

The design of this seal similar to that of No. 21,249, but 
from a different matrix, and among other differences has 
collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece encircling shield of 
arms of GERMAN Empire. 

LEOPOLDVS • D • G ■ ELECTVS • ROMA • [MP • SEMPER:- 

AVG • GER ■ HVNG ■ BOHE • ZC ■ _ 

REX • ARCHID ■ AVST • DVX ■ BVRG • CO • TYROLIS • ZC. 

Carved borders of foliage. 



Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germaiiy, Hniigary, 

Bohemia, etc. ; A rchduke of A ustria, Duke of Burgundy, 

Margrave of Moravia, etc. 

Seal for Bohemia. 

21,264. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression 
4A in. [xli. 195.] 

The design of this seal resembles that of Nos. 21,248, 21,255. 



70 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

and apparently from same matrix, with alteration of name of 
Emperor in legend : — 

LEOPOLDVS • D • G • EL • RO • IMP • SEMP • AVG • GER • 

HVNG • BGHEMI/E • ZC ■ REX • 

ARCHIDVX • AVST • DVX • BVRG ■ MARH ■ MORA ■ LVCGM • 

AG • SYLES ■ DVX • MARCHIO • LVS ■ ZC. 

Carved border of foliage. 

Add. MS. 19,998, f. 97, from impression appended to deed, dated 

A.D. 1659. 

JOSEPH I., Hereditary King of Hungary, A.D. 1687; 

King of the Romans, A.D. 1690 ; 

succeeded to the Empire, A.D. 1705 ; ob., A.D. 171 1. 

Seal, as Emperor elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia, etc. ; 

A rcliduke of A ustria ; Duke of Burgundy, Stiria, 

Carinthia, Carniola, and W iirtemberg ; 

Count of Tirol, etc. 

21.265. [.\.D. 1710.] Red: fine. Appended by plaited 
gold thread, and enclosed in turned box of walnut-wood. 
4i in. [Egert. MS. 1502.] 

The design of this seal the same as that of Nos. 21,252, 
21,260. The outer circle of legend cut down and inscription 
re-engraved, to read — 

lOSEPHVS DEI GRATIA, etc., as in Nos. 21,252 ; 21,260. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, 

Hungary, and Bohemia ; Archduke of Austria ; 

Duke of Burgundy, Count of Tyrol, etc. 

21.266. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4 in. [xli. 196.] 

Apparently from the same matrix as No. 21,262, with 
alteration of name in legend to : — 

e= e= lOSEPHVS, etc. 

Add. MS. 19,998, f 99, from impression attached to deed, dated 
A.D. 1706. 

CHARLES VI., King of Spain, A.D. 1703 ; 
Emperor of Germany, A.D. 1711 ; ob., A.D. 1740. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of^ Germany, Spain, Hungary, 

Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia. Rama, Servia, 

Gallicia, Lodomiria, Cumania, Bulgaria, etc. 

21.267. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
5; in. [xli. 197.] 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 7 1 

The Emperor, full-face, with imperial insignia, seated under 
finely carved canopy, on which an ornamental shield of arms : 
Germany (Empire), imperially ensigned with diadem and 
encircled with collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, 
supported by two griffins, and having in base an indistinct 
motto on a scroll. On each side in the field, an eagle rising, 
holding in front a carved shield of arms, regally ensigned : — 
dex. Hungary (Ancient and Modern), impaled, si7i. Bo- 
hemia. Below these, two lions on each side, supporting a 
carved oval shield of arms, ensigned with proper crowns ; dex. 
Dalmatia, sin. Croatia. At the emperor's feet, and on the 
two steps leading to throne, an oval shield of arms : per pale, 
dex. Austria i^Hauswappen) ; sin. Burgundy (Ancient 
Dukes), ensigned with archducal coronet, encircled as before, 
and supported by two angels. 

Legend : — 

<& CAROLVS • VI : D : G • EL • RO ■ IM • SEMP • AV • GER ■ HISP • 

HVNG • BQH : DAL ' GROA ; SOLA " 

RAM/E • SERV • GALLl LODO CVMA • BVLGARI/E etc' REX. 

Carved borders. 

Brit. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1021, fig. 3. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect, King of Germany, Spain, 
Hungary, and Bohemia, etc. 

Seal for Bohemia. 

21.268. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
[xli. 201.] 

Apparently from matrix of No. 21,264, with alterations 
in armorial bearings of principal shield of arms : here 
quarterly ; i. CasTILE, 2. HUNGARY (ANCIENT), 3. per pale, 
dex. Aragon, sin. SiCILY ; .4. per pale, AUSTRIA {Haiis- 
xvappen), sin. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT DuKES); over all an 
escutcheon charged with arms of BoHEML\. 

CAROLVS • VI ■ D • G • EL • ROM • IMP ■ SEMP ■ AVG • GERM • 

HISP ■ HVNG • BOH • &o. REX • ARCHID ■ AVST • 

DVX • BVRG • MARCH • MORA • LVCEM • AC • SILES • DVX • 

MARCHIO • MORA • LVS • ZC. 

Carved border. 

Add. MS. 19,998, f. 102, from impression appended to deed, dated 
A.D. 1713. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germatiy, Spain, 
Hungary, and Bohemia, etc. 

21.269. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good Jmpression. 
44 in. [xli. 202.] 



72 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Resembles that of the emperor elect, Leopold, No. 21,263, 
and from the same matrix with alteration of name in legend : — 

CAROLVS ■ VI ■ D • G ■ ELECT • ROM ■ IMP • SEMP • AVG • 

GER • HISP • HVNG ■ BOH ■ ZG ■ REX • 

ARCH • AVST • DVX • BVR ■ COM • HABS • FLAND ■ TYR • ZC. 

Carved border of foliage. 



Seal, as Emperor, etc. ; King of Spain, arid the Sicilies ; 

A rchduke of A iistria ; Duke of Burgundy, 

and Brabant ; Count of Flanders, etc. 

21,270. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
4 J in. [xli. 198.] 

The Emperor, full-face, with imperial robes, crown, sword, 
sceptre, orb and other insignia. Seated on a carved throne 
beneath a baldachin with eagle rising over the emperor's head, 
and with its curtains upheld by two amorini standing on 
pedestal.^ and holding by the strap two ornamentally carved 
shields of arm.s, each of which is ensigned with its appropriate 
crown, and encircled with the collar of the Order of the 
Golden Fleece: rfer. Germany (Empire), .y/w. quarterly ; i. 
quarterly ; i. iv. CASTILE, ii. iii. Leon ; 2. per pale, dex. 
Aragon, sin. Sicily ; these two quarters enth of GRANADA ; 
3 and 4. taken together, quarterly ; i. AUSTRIA {Haiis- 
wappen), ii. BURGUNDY (MODERN DUKES), iii. BURGUNDY 
(Ancient Dukes), iv. Brabant, over all an escutcheon of 
arms : per pale, dex. Flanders, sin. TIROL. On dais or 
platform, at each side a lion sejant reguardant, addorsed, the 
interior paw resting on ornamental escutcheon of arms : dex. 
a rose or cinquefoil, sin. the two PiLLARS OF HerCULES. 

CAROLVS • VI • D • G • RO ■ IM ■ HISP • UTR • SICIL • REX ■ &o • 
ARCH • AVST • DUX • BURG ■ BRAB • COMeS • FLAND Ac. 

Border carved with roses. 



Seal, as Emperor ; King of Germany, Spain, Hungary, 

Bohemia, the Sicilies, Jerusalem, and the Indies ; 

Archduke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy, 

Brabant, Milan, etc. 

21,271. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
51- in. [xli. 199] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed with nimbi, 
ensigned with diadem, in the r. claw a sword and a sceptre, in 
the 1. claw an orb or mound surmounted by cross. The breast 
charged with large .shield of arms, ensigned with crown and 
encircled with collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 73 

armorial bearings are : — quarterly ; i. six quarterings, three, 
and three, i. HUNGARY (ANCIENT), ii. HUNGARY (Modern) ; 
iii. Bohemia, iv. Dalmatia, v. Croatia, vi. Bosnia, over 
all an escutcheon charged with arms of AUSTRIA {Haus- 
wappen) ; 2. quarterly ; i. Castile, ii. LEON, iii. AragoN, 
iv. Sicily ; over all an escutcheon charged with the arms of 
a lion rampant ; 3. quarterly ; i. sable, a lion rampant ; ii. three 
lions passant in pale, SWABIA, iii. Marquisate OF THE 
Roman Empire, iv. a lion rampant ; over all an escutcheon 
of arms : BURGUNDY (ANCIENT DUKES), 4. quarterly ; i. 
Anjou ; ii. Jerusalem, iii. Navarre, with baton (?), iv. a 
lion rampant, in the r. paw a cross. The Indies ; over all an 
escutcheon of arms : quarterly | i. iv. a cross, CALABRIA, ii. 
iii. two pales. The point (betw. the 3rd and 4th grand 
quarters) per pale, dex. an eagle displayed MODENA (?), siti. 
Milan. 

carol • VI • D • G . ROM • IMP • S • A • GER ^HISP : HVNG : 

BOH : UTR : SICHYER : ET INDIARU : RX • 

ARC ■ D • AUS • D ■ BURG : BRAB : MEDIOL : PR ■ SUEV : CATAL • 

MAR • S • R ■ I • COM : HABS • FL • TYR : 

Carved border of foliage. 

Another Seal. 

21,272. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
4f in. [xli. 200.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
ensigned with diadem, in the r. claw the sword and sceptre, in 
the 1. claw the orb or mound surmounted by cross, as in pre- 
vious seal, No. 21,271. The breast charged with large shield 
of arms, ensigned with crown, and encircled with collar of the 
Order of the Golden Fleece. The armorial bearings are the 
same, as those described in No. 21,271, but the baton in 
arms of Navarre appears to have been omitted in this seal. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— CAROLVS VI ■ DEI • GRATIA • ROM • IMP ■ SEMP • 

AVGVST • GERMANI/E ■ HISPANIARV ■ 

HVNGARI/E • BOHEMI/E UTRIUSQ ■ SICILI/E HIEROSOLYMI • 

ET INDIARVM • REX. 

{Inner circle) ;— ARCHIDVX • AVSTRI/E • DVX ■ BVRG • BRAB • 

MEDIOLANI • PRINCEPS • SUEV • CATALONI/E ■ 

MARCH • SAC • ROM • IMP • COMES • HABSP • FLAND • TYROLIS. 

Inner border foliated, outer border richly carved. 



74 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



CHARLES (ALBERT) VII., of Bavaria, Emperor Elect, etc., 
A.U. 1740; Emperor, A.D. 1742; ob., A.D. 1745. 

21,273. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4I in. [xli. 204.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle, displayed, with nimbi, and 
ensigned with diadem. In the r. claw the sceptre and sword, 
and in the 1. claw the orb or mound surmounted with cross, 
as in No. 21,271. The breast charged with a shield of arms ; 
quarterly ; i, 4. lozengy bendy, ANCIENT Bavaria ; 2, 3. a 
lion rampant, crowned, for the PALATINATE OF THE RHINE, 
over all an escutcheon bearing orb or mound surmounted by 
cross. Ensigned with ducal coronet, and encircled with collars 
of the Orders of the Golden Fleece and of St. George of Bavaria. 

Legend on scroll : — 
CAROLVS SEPTIMVS DEI • GRATIA : ELECTVS ROMANORVM • 
IMPERAT • SEMPER • AUGUSTUS • &c. 

Border carved with classic foliage. 



FRANCIS I., Emperor, etc., ob., A.D. 1765. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany 

and Jerusalem ; Duke of Lorraine and Bar ; 

Grand Dnke of Etriiria, etc. 

21,274. {circ. A.D. 1740-1745.] Plaster cast, tinted green, 
from fine impression. 5-i- in. [xli. 205.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
sword, sceptre, and orb or . mound as before described. 
Ensigned with imperial diadem, and charged on the breast 
with shield of arms of eight quarterings, four and four : 
I. Hungary (Ancient) ; 2. France with a label of three 
points for DuKES OF Anjou, but perhaps intended for a 
label of five points, NAPLES ; 3. KINGDOM OF Jerusalem ; 
4. AragoN; 5. Anjou ; 6. a lion rampant crowned C(;«^?i;;'«/, 
GUELDRES ; 7. a lion rampant crowned, J ULIERS ; 8. two bars 
addorsed, betw. four crosses crosslet fitchees, Bar (COUNTS 
AND DUKES), over all an escutcheon : per pale, dex. on a 
bend three alerions bendwise, LORRAINE, siti. five roundles, 
two, two, and one, in chief [on] a roundle [three fleurs-de-lis, 
two and one], Medicis. The shield ensigned with royal crown 
and encircled with collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. 

Legend on scroll : — 

FRANCISCUS • D ■ G ■ ELECTUS ■ ROM • IMPERAT • SEMP- 

AUG • GERMAN : HIEROS • REX • 

LOTHAR • BARR • ET • MAGNUS ■ HETR ■ DUX. 

Border carved with classic foliage. 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 75 

Golden Bulla of the Emperor. 

21,275. Plaster casts, tinted green, from somewhat indistinct 
impression. 4 in. [xli. 206, 207.] 

0. The Emperor, full-face, with sceptre, orb, and other 
insignia of Empire. Seated under a baldachin held up by 
two Corinthian columns and surmounted by imperial crown. 
Over the emperor's head two angels holding a wreath ; above 
them three shields of arms, of ornamental shape, each en- 
signed with crown : i. {centre) a wheel ; 2, 3. (sides) a cross, 
Calabria. On each side, other three shields of arms, of 
similar form, set on panelling of edifice. The armorial 
bearings of these shields very indistinct. Above these, on the 
r. h. side, an imperial double-headed eagle with sceptre and 
crown ; on the 1. h. side an eagle of the Ancient Kingdom 
with similar insignia. Outside these, on a bracket on each 
side, a personified representation of Faith with chalice on the 
r. h., and Justice with sword and balance on the 1. h. Below 
these, also on brackets, two lions sejant reguardant addorsed. 
FRANCISCVS : D : G : ROMANORVM » IMPERATOR « 
SEMPER !S AVGVSTVS. 

B. An imperial double-headed eagle, displayed, with 
nimbi, and ensigned with imperial diadem, charged on the 
breast with ornamentally carved shield of arms : the armorial 
bearings similar to those described in No. 21,274. This shield 
ensigned with royal crown, and on the carved work sit two 
angels holding up the crown with one hand, and the ends 
of collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece with the other. 

Legend continued from obv. : — 

J» GERMAN a HIEROS » REX * LOTHAR » BARR S5 
ET » MAGNUS » HETRUR Ss DUX » 



MARIA THERESIA, Empress, etc. ob., A.D. 1780. 

Seal, as Empress ; Queen of Germany, Hungary, Bohemia, 

Dal mat ia, Croatia, and Sclavonia ; Archduchess of 

Austria; Duchess of Burgundy, Upper and Loiver Silesia, 

Brabant, Milan, Stiria, Carinthia, Carniola, 

Mantua, Parma and Placcntia, Limburg, Luxemburg, 

Gueldres, Wiirtembcrg ; Margravine of the 

Holy Roman Empire, Moravia, Burgau, Upper and Lower 

Lusatia ; Princess of Swabia and Transylvania ; 

Countess of Hapsburg, Flanders, Tirol, Kiburg, G'drz, 

Gradiska, and Artois ; Landgravine of . . . .; 

Countess of Namur ; Lady of Windisclimark, etc. 

21,276. [A.D. 1765-1780.] Red: fine. Cut from a docu- 
ment to which it has formerly been app. by green silk and 



76 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

silver thread ; and enclosed in a turned box of walnut wood. 
5L in. [c.xxxvii. 49.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle, displayed, with nimbi, 
ensigned with imperial diadem : breast charged with shield 
of arms of twenty-two quarterings, 6, 6, 6, and 4: i. 
quarterly ; i. Castile, ii. Leon, iii. Aragon, iv. SiClLY ; 
2. per pale, dex. HUNGARY (Ancient), sin. HUNGARY 
(Modern); 3. Bohemia; 4. Dalmatia ; 5. Croatia; 
6. parti per fess, in chief on a river in fess, bordered, a 
marten passant, in chief an estoile of eight : SCLAVONIA, in 
base, Bosnia, etc. Over all an escutcheon : Austria 
{Hausivappen) ensigned with crown. The shield ensigned 
with crown. Outside the design a series of twelve shields of 
arms, six on each side, en cordon, each ensigned with 
appropriate crown or coronet. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle):— UkR\k THERESIA D G IMP GER HUNG BOH 

DAL CROA SLAV &c REG ARCHID AUST DUX BURG 

S & I SIL BRAB MED STYR CARIN GAR MAN PARM & PLAC 

LIMB LUG GELD WIRT MARCH. 

(Inner circle) -.—B R I MOR BUR S & I LUS PR SUEV & 

TRANS COM HAB FLAN TYR PER (.?) KYB GOR 

GRAD & ART LANDG BALS (.?) COM NAM DOM MAR ST AV 

POR NA ON SAL & MECH <&c &c. 

{Maria Tkeresia, Dei gratia, Imperatrix Germanics HungaricE 
Bohemia Dalmatia Croatia: Slavonic, etc., A'egi/ia, Archidux Austria:, 
Dux Bicrgttnidia Supcrioris et Inferioris Silesia Brabantia Mediolani 
Styrice Cariitthia Carniolce Mantua Parma et Placentia Limburgi 
Leccemburgi Gelria Wiirtembergi, Marchio Sacri Romani Imperii 
Moravia Burgovia Superioris et Inferioris Lusatia Princeps Suevia et 
Transsylvania Comitissa Habsburgi Flandria Tyrolis Ferretta (.?) 
Kyburgi Goricia Gradisci et Artesii, Landgravina .... Comitissa 
Namurci Domina Marchionis .... Salitiarum et Mechlinia, etc., etc.) 

Inner borders beaded, outer border carved with elegant 
classical foliage. 



Seal, as Empress Widow, etc., after A.D. 1765. 

'2\,'2,11. Red : good, indistinct in several places. 4I in. 
[xlviii. 49.] 

0. The Empress, full-face, in imperial state, with sword and 
orb. Seated on throne under baldachin or canopy, with flow- 
ing curtains, supported by two Corinthian columns and sur- 
mounted with imperial diadem. Her feet on a tasselled 
cushion. Beneath the pavilion or tester two cupids hold a 
wreath over head of empress. The back of the curtain 
diapered with roses. At sides of throne, on pedestals, or 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. J7 

plinths, emblematical figures of JUSTICE, with sword and 
balance, on the 1. h., and PEACE with lance and olive branch 
on the r. h. side. Below these, at each side, reclined against 
the pedestals, two ornamental shields of arms, each ensigned 
with its proper crown : dex. GERMAN EMPIRE, an imperial 
double-headed eagle, displayed, charged on breast with 
escutcheon : per pale, AUSTRIA {Haiisioappcn) and BUR- 
GUNDY (Ancient Dukes), ensigned with crown, sin. see 
description, further on, of the rev. 

MARIA • THERESIA • D : G • ROM • IMPERATRIX • VIDUA • 

REG • GERM ■ HVNG • BOH • &o. 

ARCH • A • DVX • BVRG • BRAS &c. COM . FLAND. 

R. A smaller round counterseal of arms. 3-,^ in. diam. 
An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, and 
ensigned with diadem as described in previous seals. The 
breast charged with a shield of arms of eleven quarterings : 
1st grand quarter, quarterly ; i. Castile, ii. Leon, iii. 
Aragon, iv. Sicily. 2nd grand quarter ; per pale, dex. per 
pale Hungary (Ancient), sin. Hungary (Modern), sin. 
Bohemia. 3rd grand quarter, quarterly ; i. a lion rampant, 
ii. a lion rampant, iii. Carinthia, iv. Krain or Carniola. 
5th grand quarter, per fess an eagle displayed issuing betw. a 
sinister and crescent moon in chief, and seven towers in base. 
Grand Duchy of Transylvania; 6th, a lion rampant; 
7th, a lion rampant ; 8th, tranche, or per bend, a lion rampant 
crowned, and barry of four, GORICIA or GORZ ; 9th, LOR- 
RAINE ; loth, Tuscany or Medici; nth. Bar. Over all 
an escutcheon charged with the arms of Austria {Haus- 
wappe}i) and BURGUNDY (ANCIENT DUKEs) impaled, en- 
signed with a crown. 

MARIA THERESIA D • G • ROMA . . . IMPERATRIX • VIDUA • 

REG : GERM : HUNG ; [BOHE] : 

ARCH : A ■ DUX • BURG : BRAB : & COM ■ FLAND. 

Carved borders. 

21,278. Sulph. cast from very indistinct impression, 
[xli. 211.] 

REG : GERM : HUNG : BOHE : 

ARCH : A • DUX ■ BURG 



Seal, as Empress Widow ; Queen of Hungary and 

Bohemia ; Archduke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy and 

Brabant ; and Count of Flanders. 

21,279. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indis- 
tinct impression. 5 in. [xli. 212.] 



78 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

The Empress Widow, turned slightly to the r., with the 
imperial insignia. Seated on throne under baldachin or 
canopy, supported on two Corinthian columns and ensigned 
with diadem. Within the canopy or tester, two angels over 
back of throne, holding chaplet over the empress' head. 
Outside, two other angels drawing back front curtain. Beneath 
these, on each side, four carved shields or escutcheons of arms, 
of ornamental shape, each ensigned with its proper crown or 
coronet. The armorial bearings of these shields somewhat 
obscure. Outside these, on a pedestal or plinth, on the 1. h. 
side a figure of JUSTICE with sword and balance, on the r. h. 
side a figure of VICTORY or PEACE, with lance and olive 
branch. On lower steps, on the 1. h. side a carved shield of 
arms : GERMANY (EMPIRE) ensigned with a crown ; on the 
r. h. side a lion sejant coutonr/af reguardant queue foiirclii^e for 
Bohemia, holding a carved oval shield or escutcheon of 
arms : per pale, dex. HUNGARY (Ancient), sin. Hungary 
(Modern). 

maria • theresia ■ d ■ g • rom • imperatrix • vidva ■ 

reg : hung ■ boh • & 

arch • a ■ dux ■ burg • brab • & com • fland. 

Carved border of foliage. 



Seal, as Empress Widoiv ; Queen of Hungary, Bohemia, 

Dalmatia, Croatia, and Sdavonia ; A rchduke of A jistria ; 

Duke of Burg2indy, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, etc. 

21,280. Plaster cast, tinted green, from a fine impression. 
5 in. [xli. 213.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
and ensigned with imperial diadem as before. The breast 
charged with large shield of arms of nine grand quarters 
(three, two, and four), and ensigned with two coronets or 
crowns, of an empress and a queen. The armorial bearings 
of this shield are: — 1st grand quarter, quarterly; i. HUN- 
GARY (Ancient), ii. Dalmatia, iii. Croatia, iv. Sclavonia, 
over all an escutcheon charged with the arms of HUNGARY 
(Modern) ; 2nd grand quarter, quarterly ; i. Castile, ii. 
Leon, iii. Ar.^GON, iv. Sicily ; 3rd grand quarter, quarterly ; 
an eagle displayed chequy, Marquisate OF MoRAViA, ii. an 
eagle displayed, etc., SiLESiA, iii. a wall crenellated or em- 
battled of three pieces, MARyuis.A.TE OF Upper Lusati.\, 
iv. an ox passant on a mount, LOWER LUS.^TIA, over all an 
escutcheon charged with the arms of BOHEMIA ; 4th grand 
quarter, coupe, in chief an eagle displayed issuing, in dexter 
chief a sun-star, in sinister chief a decrescent (for a crescent) 



GERMANY :— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 79 

moon, in base seven towers, four and three, a fess on the 
coupe, Transsylvania (Grand Duchy) ; 5th grand quarter, 
per pale, dcx. three demi-ramures or antlers of a stag, lying 
fesswise in pale, the points to the sinister, WiJRTEMBERG 
(Ancient Counts), sin. three Hons passant guardant 
crowned, in pale, DuCHY OF SWABIA ; 6th grand quarter, 
quarterly ; i. Brabant, ii. Flanders or Gueldres, 
iii. Luxemburg, iv. Limburg, over all an escutcheon 
charged with the arms of BURGUNDY (ANCIENT DuKES) 
ensigned with a ducal coronet ; 7th grand quarter, per 
pale, dex. Modena, sin. Milan ; 8th grand quarter, a cross 
pattee cantoned with four eaglets, DuCHY OF GUASTALLA, 
these two quarters entes of six fleurs-de-lis, three, two, and 
one in pile, for the DUCHIES OF Parma and Placenza ; 
9th grand quarter, quarterly ; i. JERUSALEM, ii. TusCANY, 
iii. seme-de-lis, within a bordure compony, BURGUNDY (MO- 
DERN DuKEs), iv. Bar, over all an escutcheon charged with 
the arms of Lorraine, ensigned with a ducal coronet. Over 
all, in honour point, or en abiine, an escutcheon of nine 
quarters, three, two, and four ; i. a panther rampant, vomiting 
flames, DuCHY OF Stiria, ii. per pale, dex. three lions pas- 
sant guardant in pale, sin. a fess, DuCHY OF CarINTHIA, 
iii. an eagle displayed, crowned, [on the breast a crescent 
chequy] for Carniola al. Krain, iv. Hapsburg, v. an 
eagle displayed, crowned, TiROL, or Frioul (?), vi. a bend 
sinister betw. two lions passant in bend sinister, KiBURG, 
vii. GORICIA, al. GORZ, viii. coitp^, a cross ancr^e, Gradiska, 
ix. bendy of six, a pale, BURGAU, over all an escutcheon of 
smaller dimensions charged with the arms of AUSTRIA 
{Hauswappen), ensigned with an archducal coronet. 
Legend in two concentric circles : — - 

{Outer circle) :— MARIA THERESIA • D-G • ROM • IMP • VID • HVN • 

BOH • DAL • CRO • SLAV -REGINA ■ ARCH • AVST • 

DVX • BVRG • STYR ■ GAR ■ GARN • M • PR • TRANS. 

{Inner circle) :— MARCH • MOR ■ DVX BRAB ■ LIM ■ LVC • GEL • 

WVR • SIL ■ MED ■ MAN ■ PAR ■ ETC ■ 

PR • SVEV ■ COM • HAB • FLAND ■ TYR ■ HAN • GOR ■ ETC. 

Carved border of foliage. 



JOSEPH II., Emperor Elect, A.D. 1765, ok, A.D. 1790. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect, King of Germany, yerusalem, 
Hungary and Bohemia, etc. A.D. 1780. 

21,281. Recent impression in red wax. Cut from a document 

to which it has been app. by a vellum label. 4! in. [xlviii. 50.] 



80 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

0. The Emperor elect, turned slightly to the r., with im- 
perial robes, diadem, sword, sceptre, orb, mantle and insignia. 
Seated on a throne chair under a baldachin or canopy with 
escallops valance and curtains opened out and bunched up at 
sides. Over baldachin, a royal crown. Behind throne, an 
eagle with opened wings, in its beak a wreath which it is 
about to place on the emperor's head. At each side in back- 
ground two Ionic columns, on pedestals in the dado, and 
betw. each pair, four small shields of arms arranged vertically 
and ensigned each with its proper crown or coronet. Below 
these, on the dado and betw. the pedestals, on the r. h. side, 
an imperial double-headed eagle displayed, ensigned with 
diadem, and charged on breast with shield of arms : tiered e)i 
pal, I. Austria [Hausivappen) ; 2. indistinct, perhaps Lor- 
raine ; 3. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes) ; on the 1. h. side 
a lion rampant queue foin'cJtee, for BOHEMIA, holding a shield 
of arms, per pale, dex. HUNGARY (AncIENT), si7i. HUNGARY 
(Modern). The emperor's feet set on tasselled cushion, on 
the semicircular projecting steps of dais, on which the throne 
stands. 

JOSEPHUS II ■ D • G ■ E • ROM ■ IMP • S • A • GERM ■ HIER • 

HUNG ■ BOH • REX • &o • ARCH • AUS ■ 
DUX • BURG • LOTH • BRAB • LIM • LUG • GEL • M • D • HET • 

MP- TRANS • com • HAS • FLAND • TYR • &c. 
Brit. Mus. Photog>-aphs, pi. 1023, fig. I. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. 34 in. diam. An imperial 
double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, and ensigned with 
imperial diadem, in the r. claw a sword and sceptre, in the 1. 
claw an orb or mound surmounted with cross. The breast 
charged with a shield of arms of thirteen quarterings arranged 
in four tiers, three, four, four, and two : i. per pale, dex. 
Hungary (Ancient), sin. Hungary (Modern) ; 2. 
quarterly ; i. Castile ; ii. Leon ; iii. Aragon ; iv. SiClLY ; 
3. Bohemia ; 4. Brabant ; 5. Limburg ; 6. Luxemburg ; 
7. Gueldres ; 8. uncertain ; 9. Hainault (Modern) ; 
10. Artois ; II. Namur; 12. Marquisate of the Holy 
Empire ; 1 3. three pales, for M alines ; — over all an escutcheon 
charged with the arms of the GERMAN Empire. Over all, 
en abinie, an escutcheon of arms : per pale, dex. per pale, dex. 
Austria {Hausivappcn), sin. Lorraine ; sin. Burgundy 
(Ancient Dukes). The shield ensigned with two crowns as 
before, and encircled with three collars of various Orders, the 
most prominent being that of the Golden Fleece. 

JOSEPHUS II • D ■ G • E ■ ROM • IMP • S • A • GERM • HIER • 

HUNG • BOH ■ REX ■ &c • ARCH • AUS ■ 

DUX ■ BURG ■ LOTH ■ BRAB ■ LIM • LUC • GEL • M ■ D • HET • 

MP- trans • COM • HAB ■ FLAND ■ TYR • &c. 



GERMANY :— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 8l 

21,282. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct im- 
pression oi obv. only. [xli. 214.] 



Seal, as Emperor Elect, King of Germany and Jcrnsalem ; 

Co-regent and Heir of tlie Kingdom of Hungary 
and Bohemia ; Archduke of Austria ; Duke of Burgundy 

and Lorraine ; Grand- Duke of Etruria ; 

Marquis Prince of Transsylvania ; Marquis of Moravia ; 

Duke of Milan, Mantua, etc., Count of Hapsburg, 

Flanders, Tirol and Gdrz, etc. 

21,283. [AD. 1773.] Red: fine. App. by gold threads 
plaited, and enclosed in a parcel-gilt silver box, engraved on 
outside of cover with imperial eagle, etc., charged on the 
breast with a shield of arms : AUSTRIA {Hauswappen) having 
the imperial initials J. II. on the fess in the shield. [Egert. 
MSS. 1503, 1504.] 

An ornamental shield of arms, ensigned with imperial 
diadem ; supported by two griffins and encircled with collars 
of the Order of St. Stephen (/.^wi-Zr/rt, Maria Theresia 
of Austria, and the GOLDEN FLEECE. The armorial bearings 
of this shield are : an imperial double-headed eagle displayed, 
with the nimbi, sword, sceptre, and orb or mound as before, 
for the German Empire ; the eagle is charged on the breast 
with a large ornamental escutcheon of arms of sixteen 
quarterings : i. per pale, de.v. HUNGARY (Ancient), sin. 
Hungary (Modern) ; 2. quarterly ; i. Castile, ii. Leon, 
iii. Aragon, iv. SiciLY ; 3. Jerusalem ; 4. Bohemia ; 
5. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes) ; 6. Tuscany ; 7. Trans- 
sylvania ; 8. Moravia ; 9. a lion rampant ; 10. Milan ; 
II. GuASTALLA ; 12. Parma and Placextia ; 13. Haps- 
burg; 14. Flanders; 15. Tirol; 16. Gorz, or Goricia. 
Over all an escutcheon per pale, dex. AUSTRIA (Hauswappen), 
sin. Lorraine ; ensigned with an archducal coronet. Outside 
the design, a series of thirteen small shields of arms, arranged 
in orle, six longwise on each side, and one vertical in base, 
each ensigned with its proper crown or coronet. The 
armorial bearings of these shields are : {dex.) i. Dalmatia ; 
{sin.) 2. Croatia ; {dex.) 3. Sclavonia ; {sin.) 4. Stiria ; 
{dex.) 5. Carinthia ; {sin.) 6. SiLESIA ; {dex.) 7. LUXEM- 
BURG ; {sin.) 8. Wurtemberg ; (dex.) 9. Carniola, or 
Krain ; (sin.) lo. Bar; (dex.) 11. Swabia ; (sin.) 12. BuR- 
GAU ; (base) per pale, dex. Upper Lusatia, sin. Lower 
Lusatia. 

vol. VI. G 



82 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Legend in two concentric circles : — 

lyOuter circle) :— lOSEPHVS II • D • G • ELECT ■ ROM • IMP ■ SEMP • 

AVG • GERM • ET ■ HIEROS • REX • 

CORREG • ET • HERES • REGN • HVNG • BOHEM • ETC • 

ARGHID ■ AVSTR ■ D • BVRG • ET • LOTHAR • 

{Jmier circle) :— MAGN • DVX • HETRVR ■ M ■ PRINC • TRANSYLV • 

MARCH • MOR • DVX • MEDIOL • MANTVAE • ETC • 

COMES • HABSBVRG ■ FLANDRIAE • TYROL ■ ET • GOR • ETC. 

Carved border of foliage. 

Another Seal. 

21,284. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indistinct 
impression, [xli. 216.] 

Similar to the above, but with shield of arms blank or veiled, 
no escutcheon, and collar of the Order of St. Stephen, obscure. 
The use of this seal is explained by the words on back : 
" mit Wartschild in der Trauer," as a sign of mourning for 
his mother, Maria Theresia, A.D. 1780. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— lOSEPHVS II • D • G • ELECT • ROM • IMP • SEMP • 

AVG • GERM • ET • HIEROS ■ REX • 

CORREG • ET • HERES • REGN • HVNG ■ BOHEM • ETC • 

ARCHID • AVSTR • D • BVRG • ET • LOTHAR. 

{Inner circle) :— MAGN • DVX • HETRVR • M ■ PRINC • TRANSYLV ■ 

MARCH ■ MOR ■ DVX ■ MEDIOL ■ MANTVAE ■ ETC • 

COMES ■ HABSBVRG ■ FLANDRIAE • TYROL ■ ET • GOR • ETC. 

Carved border of foliage. 



Seal, as Ettiperor Elect ; King of Germany, 

Jerusalem, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia, 

Galicia. and Lodomiria ; Archduke of Austria ; 

Dtike of Biir gundy, Lorraine, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola ; 

Grand Duke of Etruria, etc. 

21,285. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
5-i in. [xli. 217.] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms, ensigned with 
imperial diadem, and supported by two griffins standing on 
carved consoles. The armorial bearings of the shield are : an 
imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi ; on its 
breast an escutcheon of arms of nine grand quarterings, three, 
two, and four : ist grand quarter, quarterly ; i. Dal- 
matia, ii. Croatia, iii. Sclavonia, iv. per pale, dex. [a 
trangle or barrulet betw. in chief a corneille], in base, three 
antique crowns, two and one, Galicia, sin. two bars chcquy, 
Lodomiria, over all a small escutcheon per pale, dex. HuN- 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 83 

GARY (Ancient), sin. Hungary (Modern) : 2nd grand 
quarter, quarterly ; i. Castile, ii. Leon, iii. Aragon, 
iv. Sicily ; 3rd grand quarter, quarterly ; i. Marquisate 
of Moravia, ii. Principality of Silesia; iii. Upper 
LusATiA, iv. Lower Lusatia, over all a small escutcheon 
charged with the arms of BOHEMIA ; 4th grand quarter, 
Tuscany; 5th grand quarter, Duchy of Transsylvania ; 
6th grand quarter, quarterly ; i. Brabant, ii. FLANDERS, or 
Gueldres, iii. Luxemburg, iv. Limburg ; the point eutc' 
with an impalement of two coats of arms, very indistinct, over 
all a small escutcheon charged with the arms of BURGUNDY 
(Ancient Dukes) ensigned with a coronet ; 7th grand 
quarter, per pale, dex. MoDENA, sin. MILAN ; 8th grand 
quarter, DuCHY OF GUASTALLA, these two quarters (7th and 
8th) eiiUs in point with the arms of the DuCHlES of Parma 
AND PiaCENZA or Placentia ; 9th grand quarter, quarterly; 
i. Burgundy (Modern Duke.s), ii. Bar, iii. a lion ram- 
pant crowned, contoiirn^, iv. a lion rampant crowned, enti in 
point with per pale, dex. an eagle displayed (?), sin. a wheel, 
over all a small escutcheon charged with the arms of JERU- 
SALEM, ensigned with a crown. This escutcheon bears over 
all in honour point or en abhne, an escutcheon of smaller 
dimensions, of nine quarterings, three, two, and four : 
I. Stiria ; 2. Carinthia ; 3. Carniola ; 4. Wurtem- 
BERG ; 5. SwABiA ; 6. Hapsburg, or Fland£rs ; 7. Tirol ; 
8. KiBURG ; 9. Burgau ; over all a still smaller escutcheon 
charged with the arms of Austria {Hanszvappen), and 
Lorraine, impaled, ensigned with archducal coronet. The 
shield ensigned with two crowns and encircled with three 
collars of Orders, as before described. 
Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— lOSEPHUS II D • G ■ E • ROM ■ IMP • S • A • GERM • 

HIER ■ HUNG ■ BOH ■ DAL • GRO • SLAV ■ 

GAL • LOD • REX • ARCH ■ AUS • DUX ■ BURG • LOTH • 

STYR • CAR ■ CARN • M • D • HET. 

{Inner circle) :— M • P • TRANS • MARCH ■ MOR • DUX BRAB • LIM ■ 

LVC ■ GEL • WUR • SIL ■ MED • MAN • 

PAR • ETC ■ PR ■ SUEV • COM • HABS • FLAN • TYR • HAN • ETC. 

Carved border of foliage. 

Brit. Mils. PItotograplis, pi. 1023, fig. 2 ; D'Arcq, No. 10,941, where in 
the legend the author runs the abbreviated words GAL. and LOD. 
together and explains the newly-coined word as Gallodial, and PAR. 
is read PAV., and explained as Azoto- .' 



G 2 



84 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

LEOPOLD II., Emperor Elect, a.d. 1790; ob., a.d. 1792. 

Seal, as E.nipeyor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, 

Lodomiria, etc. 

21,286. Plaster cast from somewhat indistinct impression. 
5i in. [xli. 219.] 

Tliis seal, although from different matrix, bears a 
generally close resemblance to that described in No. 21,285. 
The shield of arms however differs, i'/^'. : ist grand quarter, 
quarterly ; i. HUNGARY (Ancient), ii. Dalmatl\, iii. CROA- 
TIA, iv. SCLAVONIA, over all a small escutcheon charged with 
the arms of HUNGARY (Modern), cf No. 21,280 ; 2nd grand 
quarter, Galicia ; 3rd grand quarter, LODOMIRIA ; 4th grand 
quarter, quarterly ; i. Marquisate OF MORAVIA, ii. SiLESiA, 
iii. Marquisate of Upper Lusatia, iv. Lo\ver Lusatia, 
over all a small escutcheon charged with arms of BOHEMIA ; 
5th grand quarter, Transsylvania ; 6th grand quarter, 
WURTEMBERG; 7th grand quarter, quarterly; i. Brabant, 
ii. Flanders or Gueldres, iii. Luxemburg, iv. Limburg, 
the point entc with an impalement of two coats of arms, ver}/- 
indistinct, over all a small escutcheon charged with the arms 
of Burgundy (Ancient Dukes) ensigned with a coronet ; 
8th grand quarter, per pale, dex. MoDENA, sin. Milan ; 9th 
grand quarter, DuCHY OF GUASTALLA, these two quarters 
(8th and 9th) entis in point with the arms of the DUCIIIES 
OF Parma and Piacenza or Placentia ; loth grand 
quarter, quarterly ; i. BURGUNDY (Modern Dukes), ii. Bar, 
iii. a lion rampant crowned, contoiirn^, iv. a lion rampant 
crown, entf\v\ point with per pale, dex. an eagle displayed, sin. a 
wheel, cf No. 21,285, over all a small escutcheon charged with 
the arms of Jerusalem, ensigned with a crown. This large 
escutcheon bears over all in honour point, or en abinie, an 
escutcheon of smaller dimensions, of nine quarterings, three, 
two, and four: i. Stiria, 2. Carinthia, 3. Carniola, 
4. SwABiA, 5. Hapsburg, 6. Tirol, 7, Gorz or Goricia, 
8. BuRGAU, 9. a maltese cross, Teutonic Order, over all a 
still smaller escutcheon, tiered en pal, i. LORRAINE, ii. AUSTRIA 
[Hanszvappen), iii. TusCANY, ensigned with a coronet. The 
shield ensigned with two crowns, as before, and encircled 
with Collar of the Order of the GoLDEN FLEECE embracing 
collars of three Orders hanging down behind and below, viz., 
St. Stephen, Maria Theresia, and The Teutonic Order. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Ou/er circle) :— LEOPOLDVS • II • D • G • E • ROM • IMP • S • A ■ 

GERM • HVNG ■ BOH ■ DAL • CRO • 

SLAV ■ GAL • LOD • [HIER REX ■ ARCH ■ AVS • DVX • BVRG • 

LOTH • STYR • CAR • CARN • M • D • HET. 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 85 



{Inner circle) :— M • P • TRANS • MARCH • MOR • DVX BRAB ■ LIM 
LVC • GEL • WVR • SIL • MED ■ MAN • PAR ■ 
ETC • PR • SVEV ■ COM • HABS • FLAN • TYR • HAN • ETC. 

Carved border of foliage. 



FRANCIS II., Emperor. A.D. 1792-1S06. 

Seal, as Emperor Elect ; King of Germany, Hungary, 

Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia, Galicia, 

Lodomiria, and Jerusalem, etc. 

21,287. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indis- 
tinct impression, [xli. 222.] 

From the same matrix as that described in No. 21,286, for 
the Emperor Leopold II., with alteration of name in legend. 

{Outer circle) :— FRANCISCVS -11 D • G • E • ROM ■ IMP ■ S • A ■ 

GERM ■ HVNG • BOH • DAL ■ CRO • 

SLAV • GAL • LOD ■ HIER ■ REX ■ ARCH • AVS • DVX BVRG • 

LOTH ■ STYR ■ CAR • CARN ■ M • D ■ HET. 

{Imier circle) :— M • P ■ TRANS • MARCH • MOR • DVX BRAB • LIM • 

LVC • GEL • WVR ■ SIL • MED ■ MAN • 

PAR • ETC • PR • SVEV • COM • HABS • FLAN ■ TYR • HAN • ETC. 

Carved border of foliage. 



Seal, as Emperor of Austria ; King of JerJisalem, Hiatgary, 

Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia, Galicia, 

and Lodomiria ; Archduke of Austria, etc. 

21,288. [a.d. 1806-1835.] Plaster cast, tinted green, from 
good impression. 5 in. [xli. 223.] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms : Empire of 
Germany, ensigned with imperial diadem, and supported 
by two griffins segreant standing on carved consoles. The 
shield bears an imperial double-headed eagle displayed (the 
nimbi hitherto used in this respect omitted), each head 
bearing a crown, for Hungary and Bohemia, in the r. 
claw a sceptre and sword, in the 1. claw an orb or mound 
surmounted with a cross as in former cases. The breast of 
the eagle charged with a large rectangular escutcheon, the 
lower corners rounded and the point only slightly indicated, 
bearing eight grand quarters, three, two, and three : 1st 
grand quarter, quarterly ; i. HUNGARY (Ancient), ii. DAL- 
MATIA, iii. Croatia, iv. Sclavonia, over all a small 
escutcheon charged with arms of HUNGARY (Modern), 
ensigned with its proper crown of St. Stephen ; 2nd grand 



86 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

quarter, quarterly ; i. three points, ii. a lance-flag in bend 
sinister, iii. a Maltese cross bordered, charged with small 
escutcheon ornamented on outside with four fleurs-de-lis, and 
bearing an eagle displayed, TEUTONIC Order, iv. uncertain, 
within a bordure ; 3rd grand quarter, quarterly of five pieces, 
two in chief and three in base ; i. MORAVIA, ii. SiLESIA, iii. 
Upper Lusatia, iv. an eagle displayed. Duchy of Teschen, 
V. Lower Lusatl-v, over all a small escutcheon charged 
with arms of BOHEftOA ensigned with crown ; 4th grand 
quarter, quarterly of six pieces, by twos ; i. Transsylvania, 
ii. a lion rampant crowned, in i/e.i: chief a crescent, in sin. chief 
an estoile, CUMANL\, iii. BOSNIA, iv. on a bend, bordered and 
coticed a wolf passant, BULGARIA, v. a wild boar's head, the 
snout to the chief, pierced with an arrow, in bend (in pale, 
Rietstap) Servia, vi. three horse-shoes, two and one, Raszia ; 
5th grand quarter, quarterly of eight pieces, four, two, and 
two ; i. Castile, ii. Leon, iii. Sicily, iv. a lion rampant, 
crowned [holding a cross], THE Indies, v. Aragon, vi. Jeru- 
salem, vii. Anjou, viii. a cross, Calabria ; 6th grand 
quarter, quarterly of nine pieces, three, two, and four ; i. 
Lodomiria, ii. an eagle displayed, iii. an eagle displayed 
crowned, [the wings charged with semicircles trefoiled] Cra- 
COVIA, iv. per pale, dex. three bars, sin. six roundles, two, two, 
and two, v. a human heart ornamented or pierced with four 
fleurs-de-lis in cross, vi. an eagle displayed, DuCHY OF AUSCH- 
^VITZ (?), vii. an eagle displayed, DuCHY OF Zator (?), viii. an 
eagle displayed, [crowned], PRINCIPALITY OF TRENT (.''), ix. a 
cavalier, armed cap-a-pie, holding a sword aloft (holding a lance 
in pule, Rietstap), DuCHY OF ZARA.over all a smaller escutcheon 
charged with arms of Galicia, ensigned with royal crown ; 
7th grand quarter, quarterly ; i. a goat passant, MarqUISATE 
OF ISTRIA, ii. an eagle displayed, crowned, DuCHY OF Frioul, 
iii. co?/p^, in chief a double-headed eagle displayed crowned, 
in base a fess, over all the base part an anchor reversed, 
Trieste, iv. per pale, dex. conpt', a cross ancn'e, Gradiska, 
sin. tranclu', i.}., per bend, a lion rampant crowned, and barry 
of six, GORICIA, or GoRZ, the point enit' with an antique 
bonnet with strings crossed saltirewise, WindisCH-Mark ; 
9th grand quarter, quarterly of six pieces, by twos ; \. parti, 
dex. an eagle displayed (une demi-aigle, Rietstap), sin. two 
pales, Austria above the Enns, ii. Stiria, iii. Tirol, 
iv. Duchy of Carinthia, w parti, dex. a lion rampant, sin. 
a fess, coticed, DuCHY OF Salzbourg, vi. two keys in saltire, 
wards to the chief, over all a small escutcheon charged with the 
arms of five eaglets, two, two, and one, AUSTRIA BELOW THE 
Enns. This large escutcheon is charged in honour point, 
or en abinic, with a smaller escutcheon of similar shape, 



GERMANY :— SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 87 

tierci en pal, i. HapsbuRG, ii. AUSTRIA {Haitsxvappen), iii. 
Lorraine. The shield encircled and ornamented with collars 
of Orders as described before. 

FRANCISGUS • I : AUST : IMP : HIER : HUNG = BOH : DAL : GR : 

SL : GAL : LOD : REX : A : A : 

LOTH : SAt : WIRG : FRANC : DUX : STYR : CAR : CARN : M : D : 

CRAG : M : P : TRANS : M ; MOR : SIL : HAB : &o. 

Carved border of foliage. 



NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, Protector of the Confederation 

of the Rhine. 

V. Vol. v., pp. 140-141, Nos. 18,135 ; 18,136. 



FERDINAND I., Emperor of Austria ; King of Hungary, 

Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavonia, 

Galicia, Lodomiria, Rama, Scrvia, Cumania, and Bulgaria, 

A.D. 1835 ; abdicated, A.D. 1848. 

21.289. [circ. A.D. 1835, 1836.] Plaster cast, tinted green, 
from indistinct impression. 51 in. [xli. 224.] 

The Emperor, with imperial regalia, seated on a throne, 
with cushions at his feet and 1. arm, betw. two eagles under 
a curtained canopy or baldachin, surmounted by an Imperial 
crowm and palm wreath. On each side in the field a carved 
oval shield of arms : dex. ANCIENT and MODERN HUN- 
GARY impaled, sin. Dalmatia, each ensigned with its proper 
crown, suspended by ornamental wreaths. In the exergue 
two other oval ornamental escutcheons of CROATIA and 
Sclavonia, ensigned with royal crowns, betw. flags and 
other trophies. 

FERDINANDUS ■ 1 • D • F • CL • AUSTRI/E • IMPERATOR • 

HUNGARIE • ET • BOHEM • HUlUS ■ 

NOMINIS • QUINTUS ■ DALM • CROAT • SCLAV ■ GAL • LODOM • 

RAMAR • SERV ■ CUMAN • ET • BULGAR • REX • APOST. 
Brii. Mus. Photographs, pi. 1023, fig. 4. 

Another Seal. 

21.290. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indistinct 
impression, [xli. 225.] 

The design copied, in inferior style of workmanship, from 

that described for the emperor, Francis I., in No. 21,288. 

FERDIN ■ I ■ AUSTRI>e : IMP • HUNG • BOH • SLAV • DALM • 

CROAT ■ GAL • LOD ■ HIER • R ■ A • A ■ DUX • LOTH • 

SAL • WURG ■ STYR • C • C • M • D • CRAG • M • P • TRANS • M ■ M • 

PR . BERT • MERG ■ C ■ HABSB • DOM • VOLH ■ TERG. 

{Ferdiiiandus /., Austria Imperator ; Huiigaria:, Bohemia, Slavonia:, 
Dalmatia, Croatia, Galicia, Lcdoiniria, HicrusalcDi, Rex ; Archidux 



88 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Austrice; Dux LotharingicB, Salisburgi, Wtirtembur^, Styrice, Carinthice, 
Carniola: ; Magnus Dux Cracmnce ; Mai^nus Princeps Transsylvania ; 
Marcliio Moravice ; Princeps Berthotdi [Burgdorfl, Mercoria ; Comes 
Habsburgi ; Dominus Volhynicc, Ti:rg€sii€\_Tfiesie\). 

Carved border of foliage. 

Seal, as Emperor of A ustria ; King Apostolic of Jerusaleui ; 

Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Sclavotiia, 

Galicia, and Lodomiria, etc. 

21,291. \circ. A.D. 1835, 1836.] Plaster cast, tinted green, 
from good impression. 5J- in. [xli. 226.] 

A shield of arms of ornamental shape, ensigned with 
imperial diadem, and supported by two angels standing on 
corbels. The arms are : an imperial double-headed eagle, 
displayed, each head crowned, in the r. claw a sword and 
sceptre, in the 1. claw an orb or mound surmounted with 
cross. The breast charged with an escutcheon of arms : 
quarterly of nine pieces ; ist grand quarter, quarterly of 
five pieces, two in chief, and three in base ; i. MoRAVIA, 
ii. SiLESLA., iii. Upper Lu.satia, iv. Lower Lusatia, 
V. Tesciien, over all a small escutcheon charged with the 
arms of BOHEMIA, ensigned with its proper crown ; 2nd grand 
quarter, tiered en pal, i. Hapsburg, ii. AUSTRIA {Hansivappen), 
iii. Lorraine ; 3rd grand quarter, quarterly ; i. Styria, 
ii. Carinthl^, iii. an eagle displayed, crowned, CarNIOLA, 
iv. per pale, dex. uncertain, sin. per pale, der. a lion rampant, 
si7i. a fess, Duchy of Salzburg, over all a small escutcheon 
charged with the arms of per pale, dex. AUSTRIA BELOW THE 
Enns, sin. Austria above the Enns, (but very indistinct), 
ensigned with a coronet ; 4th grand quarter, per fess, in 
chief, Transsylvania, in base, Raszia ; 5th grand quarter, 
quarterly ; i. three points, ii. a lance-flag in bend sinister, 
iii. Teutonic Order, iv. an uncertain charge within a 
bordure ; 6th grand quarter, quarterly of six pieces, by twos ; 
i. an eagle displayed, ii. an eagle displayed, iii. an eagle 
displayed, iv. an eagle displayed, v. an eagle displayed, 
vi. Duchy of ZarA, over all a small escutcheon charged 
with the arms of an eagle displayed, ensigned with a coronet 
(some of these quarterings bearing an eagle displayed must 
be attributed respectively to TiROL, TRENT, Cracovia, 
Auschwitz, and Zator) ; 7th grand quarter, quarterly ; 
i. ISTRIA, ii. Trieste, iii. Frioul, iv. per pale, dex. 
Gradiska, sin. GoRiciA or GoRZ, the point ent^ with 
Windisch-Mark ; 8th grand quarter, quarterly of seven 
pieces, three, two, and two ; i. Castile, ii. Leon, iii. 
Sicily, iv. Anjou, v. Calabri.v, vi. Aragon, vii. The 
Indies, over all a small escutcheon charged with the arms of 



GERMANY : — SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. Hg 

Jerusalem, ensigned with royal crown. This escutcheon 
ensigned with a crown. Over all, in honour point or en abviie, 
an escutcheon of smaller dimensions, bearing eight quarter- 
ings, three, two, and three : i. Dalmatia, ii. Croatia, 
iii. SCLAVONIA, iv. BOSXL.\, V. SERVIA, vi. CUMANIA, 
vii. per pale, dex. Galicl\, sin. LODOMIRIA, viii. SWABIA. 
Over this again, a still smaller escutcheon bearing the 
arms of HUNGARY (ANCIENT) and HUNGARY (Modern) 
impaled. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— FERDINANDUS • I ■ D • F • CL • AUSTRI/E ■ 

IMPERAT • HIER • HUNG • BOH ■ 

DALM ■ CROAT • SLAV • GAL • LOD • REX ■ AP • ARCH • AUST • 

LOTH • SALISB ■ VIR • GEB ■ & IN • FRANC • DUX. 

{Inner circle) :— DUX STYR • CAR • CARN ■ M • D ■ CRAG • M • P • 

TRANS • MARCH ■ MOR • DUX ■ SAND • NASS • 
LUB • SIL • <S;c • P • BERCHT ■ MERC • COM ■ HAPSP ■ KYB • &c. 



Another Seal. 

21,292. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
Si- in. [xli. 227.] 

A shield of arms of ornamental shape, ensigned with 
imperial diadem, and supported by two griffins. The armorial 
bearings are : an imperial double-headed eagle, displayed, 
each head bearing a crown, in the r. claw a sceptre and sword, 
in the 1. claw an orb or mound surmounted by a cross, 
charged on the breast with a large, nearly rectangular, 
escutcheon of arms, with rounded corners of the base and 
small point. This escutcheon bears eight grand quarters ; 
1st grand quarter, quarterly ; i. Dalmatia, ii. CROATIA, 
iii. SCLAVONlA, iv. Transsylvania : Over all an escutcheon 
of smaller dimensions charged with the arms of PIungary 
(Ancient) and Hungary (Modern) impaled, ensigned 
with the proper crown ; 2nd grand quarter, quarterly of ten 
pieces, four, two, and four ; i. Austria above the Enns, 
ii. Salzburg, iii. Stiria, iv. Teutonic Order, v. 
Tirol, vi. per pale, dex. an eagle, displayed, crowned. 
Principality of Trent, sin. a paschal lamb or Agnus Dei, 
Principality of Brixen, vii. an antelope {bonqnetin) 
rampant, COUNTS OF Hohenembs, viii. a. gojifanon, COUNTS 
OF Feldkirch, ix. ermine in pale, bordered, charged with 
three navels, COUNTS OF Bregenz, x. in chief a scimetar, 
in base a mount, COUNTS OF SONNENBERG, over all an 
escutcheon of smaller dimensions charged with the arms of 
Austria below the Enns, ensigned with an archducal 
coronet ; 3rd grand quarter, quarterly of five pieces, three 



90 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

and two ; i. MoRAVIA, ii. SiLESiA, iii. UPPER LUSATIA, 
iv. Duchy of Teschen ; v. Lower Lusatl\, over all an 
escutcheon of smaller dimensions bearing the arms of BOHEMIA, 
ensigned with a royal crown ; 4th grand quarter, quarterly of 
five pieces, two and three ; i. CUMANL\, ii. BOSNIA, iii. BUL- 
GARI.A, iv. ServiA, V. Raszia ; 5th grand quarter, quarterly of 
eight pieces, two, three, and three ; i. Jerusalem, ii. Castile, 
iii. Leon, iv. Aragon, v. The Indies, vL Sicily, vii. 
Calabria, viii. Anjou ; 6th grand quarter, quarterly ; 
i. Tuscany, ii. Modena, iii. Parma and Piacenza, or 
Placentia, iv. Guastalla, sometimes termed GoNZ.\GA 
OF Mantua, over all an escutcheon of smaller dimensions 
bearing the arms of per pale, dex. Milan, sin. a winged lion 
of St. Mark, holding an open book, etc., Venice, ensigned 
with a crown or coronet ; 7th grand quarter, quarterly of ten 
pieces, four, four and two ; i. Carinthia, ii. Carniola or 
Ekrain, iii. Windisch-Mark, iv. Frioul, v. Trieste; 
vi. a goat passant, RL\rquisate of Istria, vii. Gradiska ; 
viii. GORZ or GORICIA, ix. three bends, RaguSA, x. a lion 
rampant, CaTTARO, the point ent^ with Zara, over all an 
escutcheon of smaller dimensions, bearing the arms of 
IllyriA, a galley, ensigned with an antique crown ; 8th 
grand quarter, per fess in chief, Lodomiria, in base, per 
pale, dex. an eagle displayed, sin. an eagle displayed, for two of 
the three following, viz., Cracovia, AusCH^YITZ, and Zator : 
over all an escutcheon of smaller dimensions, charged with 
the arms of Galicia, ensigned with a crown. This large 
escutcheon is charged in honour point or en abhue. with a 
similar but smaller escutcheon, tiered en pal ; i. HapsburG, 
ii. Austria {Hansivappen), iii. LORRAINE. Below the shield 
are collars of five Orders, and the shield itself encircled with 
collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. 

FERDINANDVS • I • D • G • AVST ■ IMP ■ APOST • HVNG • ET • 
BOH • REX • HVIVS • NOMINIS • V • REX • LOMB • 

VENET ■ GAL • LOD ■ ET ■ ILL • A • A • DVX • LOTH • SAL • STYR 
M • P • TRANS • M ■ MOR • COM • HABS • TYR • SIGVL. 

Carved border of foliage. 



AUSTRIA. 



AUSTRIA. 



ALBERT, Duke of Austria and Styria, etc., 
Count of Hapsburg and Kibiirg, Landgrave of Alsace. 

21.293. [a.d. 1338.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. About 4^- in. wiien perfect, [cxxxi. 52.] 

To the 1. In armour with tunic, mantle, lance-banner 
bearing the panther of SXIRIA, and flat-topped helmet crested 
with a plume of feathers, and shield of arms : a fess, AUSTRIA 
{Hausii'appen). Horse with plain caparisons, springing. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— © ALB6RTVS • D6I ■ GRA • D[V]X ■ AVSTRI6 : H • 
STYRie • LG • MARCHie • Z PORTVSNAO. 

{Inner circle) :— NIS • COMeS ■ D' HABSPVRCH • Z ■ KYBVRCH • 
Z ■ LANTGRAVIVS • ALSAGI6. 

Several pairs of letters conjoined. For lacunae in legend, 
of. a seal described by DArcq, No. 10,989, of Otto, brother 
and co-duke, where the words are Dux Austrie, Styrie, et 
Karin\tli\ye, dns Karn\i\ole, Marchie, etc. 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,988. 

LEOPOLD IV., D7ike of Austria, etc., " Leupolt, 

Hertzog ze Osterreich, ze Steyr, ze Kertiden, 

vnd ze Karti, Graf ze Tyrol." 

21.294. [a.d. 1396.] Red. i| in. Set in a saucer-shaped 
uncoloured mass : fine, chipped. 2i in. [Add. ch. 16,311.] 

Three shields of arms, their bases converging to the centre : 
I. Austria {Hauswappen), 2. Hapsburg, 3. Tirol. Within 
a trilobe or trefoiled panel ornamented with tracery in the 
spandrils. 

© LeOPOLDVS • D6I ■ GRACIA • DVX • AV[S]TRie • 6T • C[e]T'RA. 

The letters ET conjoined. 
Beaded borders. 



94 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



FREDERIC, Duke of Austria. 

21,295. [a. D. 1430.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impression. 
i| in. [cxxxi. 53.] 

Three shields of arms arranged witliin a trilobe or trefoiled 
panel of tracery : i. Austria {Hauszuappeii) diaprc, 2. Car- 
INTHIA, 3. Carniola. In the space betw. the shields a 
flowering branch. 

ffiTicus • Bd • gracta • trux • auftn'r • rt ♦ rrt'ra. 



MAXIMILIAN, Archduke of Austria, son of the Emperor 

Frederick III. ; ««</ MARIA, daughter of 
Charles the Bold, ^oth Count of Flanders ; his wife. 

21,296. [a.D. 1477-1482.] Red, discoloured by dirt: fine, 
chipped, injured by casting. Enclosed in a turned rim of 
dark wood. 4\ in. [xxxiv. 42.] 

0. The Archduke and Archduchess in armour and robes 
of state, riding pn horses armorially caparisoned, on a mount 
covered with herbage. The countess holds on her 1. hand by 
the jesses a falcon rising. Overhead two shields of arms 
couches : dex. for Maximilian, for the quarterings compare 
those in the seals of MAXIMILIAN after his accession to the 
throne, Nos. 2l,2oy,et seqq., and see also next seal where they 
are described in detail, sin. a similar shield, with escutcheon 
of Flanders and Tirol impaled, here divided into two 
separate escutcheons of TiROL and Flanders for the Arch- 
duchess Maria. This seal resembles that engraved in 
Uredius, Sigg. Comni. Flandrie, p. 106. The chief points of 
difference are in the legend of the obv., three cinquefoils in 
upper part of field, and the archduke's cloak being added : the 
falcon of the archduchess is represented rising instead of 
close. 

Legend on scroll, in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) : — S' iiHa.riIt.int (sic) : h • fWarif • 

Bci • qva ♦ arrijitJucu • Sluftrie • Ducit • Iiurguntitc ♦ loHj' • 

hvnb' • ftirtc • ftarint' • [raruiolac : IJimi' • 

liurml)' • gijclO' • Comitu • jFIanDrtf. 

{Inner circle) :— JTPvolis • avHjcf • burgitnUtr • jjalatm' • 

ijann' ♦ ijollantiic • >crtr • Kaimuct • ?utpl)' • Sarri • Imp' • 

mavcl)' • Dnor'q • fitfic • faltnaR • z • iWcrljl'. 

R. A smaller round oval counterseal. li in. diam. A 
shield of arms of M.\XIMILIAN as described above. Crest on 
a helmet affronti'e, with closed visor and mantling of foliage, an 



AUSTRIA. 95 



antique crown of seven points, with inner cap covered with 
crocketed hoop surmounted by small cross, for the Arch- 
DUCAL Coronet. Around the shield, a collar of the Order 
of the Golden Fleece. In base the inscription or legend : — 

• contra • • ftgillum. 

On scroll or ribbon. 

21.297. Bronze castings from No. 21,296. [Cott. ch. xvi. 
4, F.] 

21.298. Leaden or solder casting from the obv. only of 
No. 21,296. [cxxiii. ID.] 

21.299. Leaden casting from the obv. only of No. 21,296. 
[xxxiv. 43.] 

Secretiim. 

21.300. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2| in. [xli. 126.] 

A lion sejant, the tail coiU, wearing a helmet with visor 
closed, ornamental mantling, archducal crown, and collar of 
the Order of the Golden Fleece, supporting before him two 
shields of arms, each with its buckled guige or strap above it. 
The armorial bearings are : — dex. quarterly ; i. per pale, dex. 
five eaglets, two, two, and one, AUSTRIA BELOW THE Enns, 
sin. Austria (^Haicszvappen) ; 2. tiered en pal, i. seme-de-lis, a 
bordure compony, BURGUNDY (MODERN DUKES), ii. BUR- 
GUNDY (Ancient Dukes), iii. Brabant ; 3. tiered en pal, 
i. Stiria, ii. Carinthia, iii. Carniola ; 4. tiered en pal, 
i. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes), ii. a lion rampant, Lm- 
burg, iii. Burgundy (Modern Dukes) : over all an escut- 
cheon, charged per pale, dex. Flanders, sin. Tirol, for 
Maximilian, sin. similar to the foregoing, except that the 
escutcheon of arms is here replaced by two small escutcheons, 
that on the AUSTRIAN quarterings, i and 3, bearing the arms 
of Flanders, that on the Burgundian quarterings bearing 
the arms of Tirol for Maria. In the background betw. the 
shields a small briquet. 

Legend on scroll : — 

Stgtium * fcriftu » fttaa-tmiliant * rt * fttaric « 

Ducum » auftrie » Uuvguntiic * tirabactc * ct * ©omttii • 

flanDrtc * tirolis » ft'. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,991, from impression attached to deed, dated a.d. 1478 ; 
Uredius, Sigg. Comm. Flandr., p. 107, from impression attached to deed, 
dated A.D. 1480. 



96 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

PHILIP, ArcJidnke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Lorraine, 

Brabant, Stiria, Carintliia, Cariiiola, Livdmrg, Luxemburg, 

and Gjieldres ; Count of Hapsburg, Flanders, Tirol, 

Artois, Bjir gundy Palatine, Hainault, 

Landgrave of Alsace, etc. 

Counterseal. 

21,301. [a.d. 1490.] Red : fine, chipped. 2 in. [Add. 
ch. 1260.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i. AUSTRIA {Hauszvappen), 
2. Burgundy (Modern Dukes), 3. Burgundy (Ancient 
Dukes), 4. Flanders. Over all an escutcheon charged with 
arms of TiROL, ensigned with hooped crown. 

The shield ensigned with archducal coronet. 

Legend on scroll or ribbon : — • 

CONTRA °su>o!»,oa,,^*!o«)o«!o SIGILLVM. 

Cabled border. 



ALBERT, {son of the Emperor MAXIMILIAN,) and 

ELIZABETH or ISABELLA {dan. of PItilip LL of Spain), 

Infantes of Spain, A rckdukes of A ustria, Dukes of Burgutidy 

and Luxemburg, Counts of Flanders, Artois, Holland, 

Zeeland, and Namur, Lords of Frisia and Mechlin. 

21.302. [a.d. 1599-1621.] Sulph. cast from very im- 
perfect, indistinct impression. 4^ in. when perfect, [xlvii. 
2281.] 

The Archdukes in robes of state. Seated in a double niche 
elaborately carved and ornamented with two angels on the 
canopy supporting a shield of arms crowned and collared. 
At each side four shields of arms united by knots. The seal 
is figured, in a complete condition, by Uredius, Sigg. Comm, 
Flandr. p. 282, with the following legend : — 

ALBERT ® ET * ELIZAB « HISP « INFANS * D * G * ARCHID * 

AVSTR ■& DVC * BVRG * LVX « COM * 
FLAND * ARTH * HOL * ZEL * NAM « DO * FRIZ * MECHL * 

Laing, MS. Cat at., No. 406. 

21.303. Another sulph. cast from same imperfect, original 
impression. [D.C., H. 69.] 



AUSTRIA. 97 



ALBERT AND ELIZABETH. 

Seal for the Duchies of Lothier, Brabant, and Limbtirg. 

21.304. Bronze casting from the obv. of fine impression, 
pierced for suspension. 41 in. [xxxiv. 43.] 

The Archdukes, in robes of state. Riding on horses to the 
\. on a rocky mount replenished with flowers and foliage ; in 
the background a distant view of a city. Overhead, four 
shields of arms, crowned: I. AUSTRIA {Hauswappen), 2. Lo- 
THIER, 3. Brabant, 4, Limburg. In base, in the fore- 
ground, a shield of arms : Marquisate of the Holy 
Roman Empire. 

<S> S • ALBER • ET • ELISAB • HISP • INF • D • G • 

ARCHID ■ AVST • DVC ■ BVRG • 

PRO • DVOAT • LOTH • BRAB • LIMB • MAR • S ■ IMP. 

Uredius, Sigg. Comin. Flandr., p. 283. 

21.305. Sulph. cast from the foregoing. No. 21,304. [D. C, 
H. 81.] 

21.306. Leaden or pewter cast from the same, [cxxiii. 11.] 



SIGISMUND FRANCIS, Archduke of Austria, Duke of 
Burgundy, Bishop of Augsburg, Count of Tirol. 

21,307. [a.d. 1648.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion. \\ in. [cxxxi. 43.] 

An ornamental shield of arms of many quarterings : 
I. Hungary (Ancient), 2. Bohemia, etc., very indistinct. 
Surmounted by an escutcheon, per pale, dex. AUSTRIA {Haus- 
wappen), sin. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes). Ensigned 
with crown. 

SIGISMVNDVS • FRANC • D • G • ARCHID ■ AVST • 
DVX • BVRG EPI ■ AVG • COM • TYR. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,996. 



ARCHDUCHY OF AUSTRIA. 

Letter Seal for the Countship r)/"FELDKIRCH(.?). 

21,308. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix, cracked and indistinct. l-j- X -^ in. [xlix, 80,] 

Oval : on a torse or wreath a shield of arms, couch^ to the 
sinister : AUSTRIA {Hausivappen). Supporters, two griffins. 
Above the shield an embattled tower charged with a roundle, 
on which is a goufanon, perhaps for the COUNTS OF Feld- 

VOL. VI. H 



98 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

KIRCH, whose arms are quartered in the imperial shield, see 
No. 21,292. The whole design ensigned with a jewelled coro- 
net of five trefoil leaves in sight. 



A MEMBER OF THE ROYAL FAMILY OF AUSTRIA. 

Letter Seal. 

21.309. [19th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, cracked and injured. I -fij- X -[4 in. [xlix. 80.] 

On a torse or wreath, a shield of arms, concha towards the 
sinister side, supported or carried by two griffins. The bear- 
ings are : a fess, Austria {Hauswappen). Behind the shield, 
an embattled and masoned tower, ensigned with a jewelled 
coronet of five trefoils, and charged with a roundle or bezant 
on which is a label of three points. 

Another Letter Seal. 

21.310. [19th cent] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax. If X \\ in. [xli. 81.] 

Oval : on a mantle lined ermine, looped or bunched up at 
the sides with cords and tassels, and ensigned with a royal 
crown, a cross pattce, bordered, on which is a shield of arms 
of four quarterings : i. per pale, dc.v. barry of eight, HUNGARY 
(Ancient), sin. a cross of Lorraine issuing from a crown on 
a mount, Hungary (Modern) ; 2. a lion rampant, queue 
fourch^e, crowned, BOHEMIA ; 3. bendy of six, a bordure, 
Burgundy (Ancient Dukes). 4. Counts of Bar. Over 
all an escutcheon : a fess, AUSTRIA {Hauswappen). Around 
the shield the collar of the Order of the GoLDEN FLEECE 
and that of LEOPOLD OF AUSTRIA (?). 



BAVARIA. 



H 2 



BAVARIA. 



RODULPHUS, Count Palatine or Duke of Bavaria. 

21,311. [a.D. 1308.] Brownish-white : a fragment. About 
3-I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 5963.] 

To the 1., [in armour] on a caparisoned horse, springing. 
Tlie armorial bearings of the caparisons are : on an escutcheon, 
a Hon rampant, PALATINATE OF THE RHINE. 

S • Dei ■ GRA • COM 



LUDOVICUS, or LOUIS, Count Palatine, Duke of Bavaria. 

Secretuin. 

21,312. [a.D. 1308.] Brownish-white or uncoloured : very 
imperfect. About i| X i in. [Add. ch. 5963.] 

Shield-shaped : a shield of arms : lozengy of twenty-one 
pieces in bend, Bavaria. 

ss seRVA • secRtejjvM • dvc 



HENRY, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria. 

21,313. [a.D. 1337.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
3f in. [cxxxii. 23.] 

To the 1. In armour, with tunic, helmet crested with two 
bulls' horns, " avec des accompagnements faisant soleil," sword 
in its scabbard, shield of arms : PALATINATE OF THE Rhine, 
and lance-flag with three long streamers, each charged with 
letter M. Horse springing, caparisoned, with a shield of 
arms : Bavarl\, on the neck, and another : Palatinate of 
THE Rhine, on the haunch. Over the head of the horse the 
initial letter M. 

H6INRICVS • DGI ■ G S • PALAT • RGNl !» ♦ W 

DVX • BAWARI6 !» 
D'Arcq, No. 11,009. 



102 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

ALBERT, Duke of Bavaria, Governor of Hainaut, Holland, 
Zeelaiid, Lord of Frisia, Count Palatine of the Rhine. 

21.314. [a.d. 1379.] Sulph. casts from good impression. 
3f in. [cxxxii. 24, 25.] 

0. To the r. In armour, with hauberk of mail, sword 
chained to the neck, shield of arms, helmet crowned and 
crested with plume. Horse springing, armorially compari- 
soned. The armorial bearings of the shield and comparisons 
are : quarterly ; I, 4, BAVARIA, 2, 3, Hainaut. Within a 
circular panel ornamented with a border of arabesque foliage. 

S' DVCIS • ALB'TI • DG ■ BAVAR' • GVInAT' • HAYNOT6 • 
HOLLAND' • ZeLAND' • eX ■ DNl • FRIZIG. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. i| in. diam. A double- 
headed eagle displayed, charged on the breast with a shield of 
arms : quarterly ; as described in the obv. 

S' • aHirrtt ♦ Suctf . iauartr • comttis • palatutt • rent • 
guiicrnaf • Ijan • IjoU' • \i\ • ft . . ffi?ir. 

D'Arcq, No. u,oio. 

FREDERIC, Duke of Bavaria, Count of Spanheini, 
Count Palatine of the Rhine. 

21.315. [a.d. 1456.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion. 1 1 in. [cxxxii. 26.] 

A shield of arms, cozichi' : quarterly ; i, 4. PALATINATE OF 
THE Rhine, 2, 3. Bavaria. Crest on crowned helmet and 
ornamental mantling of foliage, a lion passant (?) betw. two 
proboscides. Background diapered lozengy, with a small 
fleur-de-lis in each interstitial space. 

S' * Bnt * frtOcriri * Sue » taba'ic *** 
fomitis ♦ in * fjianljcint. 

Inner border beaded, outer border carved. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,017. 

RUPERT, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, 
Count of Weiden in Bavaria. 

21,316. [a.d. 1533.] Red. i| in. Enclosed in a light 
yellowish-brown or uncoloured mass. 2 in. [xlviii. 45.] 

An ornamentally-carved shield of arms : lozengy in bend, of 
twenty-one pieces, Bavaria (Ancient). Above the shield, 
the date 1533. 

■ S ■ RVPERTI ■ CO : PAL : RENl ■ BAVARI/E • D • CO : VE.IDE. 



BAVARIA. 103 



OTTO HEINRICH, " Le Magnanime," Count Palatine 
of the Rhine, etc. 

Secretum. 

21.317. [a.d. 1556.] Red. i-i- in. Enclosed in a brownish - 
yellow or uncoloured saucer-shaped mass. 2 in. [Harl. ch. 
43 B. 2 A.] 

A lion affronts, the legs extended, supporting three shields 
of arms : i. PALATINATE OF THE Rhine, 2. Bavaria 
(Ancient), 3. Holy Roman Empire, as before. In the 
field the letters and date. 

* H » 

O P 

15-56 
C. 
Carved border of foliage. 

21.318. Sulph. cast from No. 21,317. [D. C. H. 112.] 



MAXIMILIAN, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of 
Bavaria, Airhstezuard of the Holy Roman 
Empire, and Elector. 

21.319. [a.d. 1650.] Red. 2\ in. App. by a plaited 
cord of silver thread and blue silk. Finely preserved, in a 
turned ivory box (without lid). 3^ in. [Add. ch. 13,284.] 

A carved shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4, Bavarta 
(Ancient), 2, 3, Palatine of the Rhine, over all an 
escutcheon charged with an orb or mound surmounted by a 
cross, for the Archsteward OF THE HoLY Roman Empire. 
Surrounded by the collar and pendant badge of the GOLDEN 
Fleece. Two crests, each on a helmet and mantling, issuing 
from a ducal coronet, a lion sejant crowned, etc., as in the 
shield, that on the dex. betw. two proboscides, with bars and 
bells, lozengy as in the arms, for Bavaria (Ancient), that 
on the sin. side betw. two wings lozengy as of the arms, for 
Palatinate of Bavaria, etc. Supporters, two lions ram- 
pant reguardant. All within panel or border engrailed flory. 

MAXIMIL : COM : PAL : RHE : VTR : BAVARI/C : DVX : SAC : ROM : 
IMPERII : ARCHIDAPIFER : ET : ELECTOR : 

Ornamental embossed border. 

D'Arcq, No. 1 1,033, from impression attached to deed, dated a.d. 1648. 

21.320. Sulph. cast from indistinct impression, [cxx.xii. 
36.] 



I04 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

KINGDOM OF BAVARIA. 

Legation to London. 
Letter Seal. 

21.321. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix, cracked, i-l x i-nr in. [xlix. 52.] 

Oval: on a corbel, a shield of arms : quarterly; i. a lion 
rampant, crowned, queue fourchee, PALATINATE OF THE 
Rhine ; 2. an emanclu' ol three pieces, issuing from the base, 
Franconia ; 3. bendy sinister of six, a pale over all, 
Counts of Burgovia ; 4. a lion rampant crowned. Counts 
of Veldenz. Over all an escutcheon, lozcngy in bend of 
twenty-one pieces. Ancient Bavaria. Supporters : two 
lions rampant reguardant, qiieue fmirchce, each crowned. The 
shield ensigned with royal crown. 

LEGATION DE BAVIERE. 

and in base, in two lines : — 

A _ LONDRES. 
Cabled border. 

Legation to Frankfort-on-the-Maiii. 
Letter Seal. 

21.322. [Modern.] Recent impression in black sealing- 
wax (for royal mourning) from matrix, indistinct. \\ X 1-7^ 
in. [xlix. 51.] 

Oval : the design agrees with that described for the 
Legation to London, No. 21,321. 

K : B : GESANDSCHAFT. 

and in base, in two lines : — 

IN _ FRANKFURT. 



BOHEM lA. 

For other seals of Kings of Bohemia, not included 
m the following grottp, see Germany, 
Nos. 21,176 to 21,292. 



BOHEMIA. 



WENCZESLAUS, Kmg of Bohemia; Prince or Duke of 

Luxemburg and Silesia ; [King of the Romans, 

A.D. 1376; Emperor, AX). 1378; deposed, 

A.D. 1400 ; ob., A.D. 1418]. 

21,323. Plaster cast, tinted green, from imperfect impres- 
sion, il in. [xli. 85.] 

The King, full-face, with long wavy hair, crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis in sight, royal robes and mantle fastened over 
breast with quatrefoiled fermail, sceptre, and orb or mound 
surmounted with cross. Seated on a carved throne orna- 
mented with tracery and pointed finials. Within a cusped 
border a panel of seven points, each elaborately traced with 
trefoil opening, and having in the several spandrils a corre- 
sponding number of shields of arms : i. KINGDOM OF BOHE- 
MIA, 2. Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, 3. Lower Lusa- 
TIA (i"), 4, 5. broken away, 6. an eagle displayed, charged on 
breast with crescent, etc., for Silesia, 7. an eagle displayed, 
Moravia. 

. . . eNGZeSLAVS « QVARTVS * DGI * GRACIA * BOeMie « 
R BVRG6NSIS « €T « SLeZIG .... 



MAXIMILIAN II. {Emperor of Germany). Seal, as King 
of Bohemia ; Archduke of Austria ; Margrave of 

Moravia ; Duke of Ljixemburg and Silesia ; 
and Margrave of Lusatia, etc., circ. A.D. 1 562-1 575. 

21,324. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
4 in. [xli. 163.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. BOHEMIA. 
2, 3. Ancient Hungary ; over all an escutcheon of similar 
shape, quarterly ; i. per pale dex. AUSTRIA {Hauswappen), 
sin. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes), ii. quarterly ; i., iv. 
Castile, //., Hi. Leon ; iii. quarterly ; per pale, dex. Aragon, 
sin. The Indies, iv. per fess, in chief, five fleurs-de-lis for 
Burgundy (Modern Dukes (?), in base, Brabant, enttf'm 
point, Granada. Over all an escutcheon of smaller dimcn- 



I08 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

sions charged with the arms of FLANDERS and TiROL im- 
paled. The shield ensigned with royal crown, and encircled 
with collar of the Order of the GoLDEN FLEECE. Arranged in 
orle, or en cordon, are six shields of arms, of similar form to, 
but of less dimensions than, the central shield ; each separated 
from the other by two finely designed branches tied together 
saltire-wise, and consisting of foliage, flowers, fruit, and small 
birds. The armorial bearings of these six shields are : {dex.) 
I. Moravia; (sin.) 2. Silesia; {dcx.) 3. Luxemburg ; {sin.) 
4. Lower Lusatia ; 5. Upper Lusatia ; 6. per fess, in chief 
a lion passant crowned. 

■^ MAXIMILIANVS • D • G ■ REX ■ BOEMI/E • ETC ■ 

ARGHIDVX • AVSTRI/E • MARCHIO ■ 

MORAVIA • LVCEMBVRGENSIS • AC • SYLEJ/E • DVX ■ ETC • 

MARCHIO LVSATI/E • ETC. 
Drawn in Add. MS. 19,998, f. 79, from an original impression appended 
to a document, dated a.d. 1561. The coronation of Maximilian, as King 
of Bohemia, took place in a.d. 1562. 



Q U EENS. 



BEATRICE OF BOURBON, Qncen of Bohemia. 

21.325. [a.d. 1363.] Sulph. cast from very indistinct im- 
pression. i|- in. [cxxxi. 54.] 

On a tree, suspended by a strap, a shield of arms : per 
pale, BOHEMl.\ and BoURBON. Supporters, two sirenes or 
mermaids, that on the dex. playing the harp, and vested in a 
mantle of the arms of BOHEMIA, that on the sin. with a 
violin, and in a mantle with arms of BoURBON. At foot of 
tree, a greyhound, couchant, reguardant ; on tall branches, a 
dove. Within panel or bordure of branches hooked together, 
having four outer and four inner tufts of foliage. 

SIGILLU : Be_ATRlCIS : DGl _ GRACIA : R6GI_Ne : B0eM!6. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,169. 

ELIZABETH, Qnccn Consort of Bohemia ; daughter of 

James VI., King of Scot/and, and of Anne of Denmark, his 

queen ; Princess Palatine of the Rhine, and -wife of 

Frederic V. of Bohemia, Coicnt Palatine of the 

Rhine, Duke of Bavaria and Silesia, Elector, K.G., etc. 

Signet or ring Seal, circ. A.D. 1625. 

21.326. Recent impression in red scaling-wa.x, from indis- 
tinct impression. I in. [xlvii. 109.] 



BOHEMIA. 109 



An ornamental shield of arms : per pale, dex. the arms of 
Frederic of Bohemia, quarterly ; i. Bohemia ; 2. per 
pale, dex. uncertain, sin. Bavaria, the point ent^: a mound 
or orb and cross, the ELECTORATE ; 3. per fess, in chief, 
Moravia, base. Upper Lusatia ; 4. per fess, in chief, 
Silesia, in base. Lower Lusatia, sin. i, 4, quarterly ; i, iv. 
France, ii, iii. England ; 2. Scotland ; 3. Ireland. 
Ensigned with a crown. 
Laing's MS. Catal., No. 549 ; Sandford, Genual. Hist., p. 564. 



OFFICER. 



ANTONIUS MARINI, Ambassador from the King of 
Bofieiiiia to France. 

21,327. ]a.d. 1464.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion. Ii in. [cxxix. 482.] 

A shield of arms, couchc : on a chevron betw. three un- 
certain charges as many escallops. Crest, on a helmet and 
mantling, a horned bust betw. two wings. D'Arcq describes 
this heraldry as " au chevron charge de trois coquilles et 
cantonne de trois chandeliers?, timbre d'un heaume cime d'un 
lucifer." 

Legend on scroll : — 



S • antijoniuB • marini • Ocf 

D'Arcq, No. 1 1,174. 



BRANDENBURG. 



BRANDENBURG. 



JOACHIM, Marquis of Brattdenbiirg, Archchamberlaitt of 

the Holy Roman Empire, Pi'ince Elector, Duke of Stettin 

and Pomerania, etc. 

21,328. [a.d. 1519.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion. 2f in. [cxxxii. 28.] 

A shield of arms : an eagle displayed, BRANDENBURG, 
betw. four shields of arms of somewhat smaller dimensions, 
in cross : i. a sceptre in pale, for the GRAND ChamberlaiN- 
SHiP OF THE Holy Roman Empire ; 2. a griffin segreant, 
contourne, PoMERANiA ; 3. a lion rampant ; 4. quarterly. 
Within a carved quadrilobe or quatrefoil panel in which is 
entwined a ribbon inscribed with the final part of the 
legend : — 

S • toadjim • Jj • g • marrijtots • branUcburgfi • sacri ♦ 
rom • tmjpti • arcijtcarrant • 
p'nrip' • dons • fltrtin • pocrantc. 
and, on the ribbon: — 

Due' ♦ turgrabit • nurcfa'g • rt • • rug . . . 

D'Arcq, No. 11,070. 



GEORGE WILLIAM, Marquis of Brandenburg, Arch' 
chamberlain of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince 
Elector, Duke of Stettin, Pomerania, etc. 

21,329. [A.D. 1619-1640.] Sulph. cast from matrix or 
good impression. 3i in. [xliv. 157.] 

The Marquis, in robes of state, with sceptre and sword. 
Seated on a carved throne with curtained canopy or 
baldachin designed in form of a crown, in which is an 
angel holding two shields of arms. In the carving at the 
sides, an old man, and a damoiselle, holding up the cur- 
tains. At the sides, eight other shields of arms, making in 
all ten, of which the bearings probably represent : — 1. h. side, 
going down: i. Cleves or ERFURT ; 2. Stettin ; 3. POME- 
RANiA ; 4. Nuremberg ? ; 5. Hohenzollern ; r. h. side, 

VOL. VL I 



114 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

going up: 6. Halberstadt ; 7. LusATiA?; 8. Vandalia ; 
9. Cassuben or Cassovia ; 10. Brandenburg (Mar- 
quisate). 

Legend in two concentric ribbon circles : — 

{Oilier circle) :— GEORG • WIL ■ MARCH ■ BRADEBVRGEM ■ 

SACRI ■ ROMAHI • IMPERII • ARCHICAMERARII • 

PRINGIPIS ELECTOR • DVCIS. 

{Inner circle) :— STETIHEH • POMERAMIE • CASSVBIE • SCLAVIE • 
BVRGRAVII • MVREBVRGEH' • PRVGIE. 



BRUNSWICK. 



I 2 



BRUNSWICK. 



HEINRICH, the younger, Duke of Brunswick 
and L iineburg, etc. 

21.330. [a.d. 1516.] Sulph. cast from somewhat indistinct 
impression, if in. [cxxxii. 29.] 

A shield of arms ; quarterly ; i. two leopards, passant in 
pale, Brunswick ; 2. sevu oi hearts, a lion rampant, LUNE- 
BURG ; 3. a lion rampant, crowned, Eberstein ; 4. a lion 
rampant within a bordure compony, HOMBURG. Above the 
shield the initial letter, H. 

Legend on scroll or ribbon : — 

■> So HINRICI : + : IVNIORIS : + : DVCIS : + : BRVNSWlCeN ; + ; 

er : + : LVNeBVRG6N : + : 6C : + : 
U'Arcq, No. 11,044. 

ERICH, the elder, Duke of Brunsivick and Liineburg, 
A.D. 1 47 0-1540. 

21.331. [a.d. 1534.] Dark green, i in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped uncoloured mass, if in. [Add. ch. 19,556.] 

A shield of arms: quarterly; I. BRUNSWICK; 2. LiJNE- 
BURG ; 3. Eberstein ; 4. Homburg. See No. 21,330. On 
scroll or ribbon around the shield the inscription : — 

+E+H+Z+B+ 
{^" Erick, Hertzog zic Braunscvi'gk.^') 



ERICH, the younger, Duke of Brunsivick and Liineburg, 
A.D. I 528-1 584. 

21,332. [a.d. 1560.] Red: fine. i|^ in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped uncoloured mass. 2\ in. [Add. ch. 19,557.] 

A shield of arms: quarterly ; I. BRUNSWICK; 2. LtJNE- 
burg ; 3. Eberstein ; 4. Homburg. Crest on a helmet 
affrontt', and ornamental mantling of foliage, a horse courant, 
before a tall plume of feathers, bctw. two buffalo-horns 
ornamented with bells. 

Legend on scroll or strap : — 

ERIGVS • D • G • DV • BRVN • ET • LVNEBV. 



Il8 . CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



CHRISTIAN, LOUIS, Duke of Brunswick and Liineburg. 

21,333. [a.D. 1648.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impression. 
It in. [cxxxii. 30.] 

An ornamental shield of arms of eleven quarterings, three, 
three, three, and two : i. LUNEBURG, 2. BRUNSWICK, 3. Eber- 
STEIX, 4. HOMBURG, 5. a lion rampant, DlEPHGLTZ, 6. a 
lion rampant, Lauterberg, 7. coupe, in the chief two bears' 
paws, in the base quarterly ; i. iv. barruly, or three bars, 
Lauterberg (?), ii. iii. gyronny, HOYE and Bruchusen, 8. an 
eagle displayed for DiEPHOLTZ again, 9. chequy, co7(pe, in the 
chief HOLSTEIN, in the base, barruly or three bars, LAUTER- 
BERG, 10. a stag at speed, Clettenberg, ii. two bois-de-cerf, 
Reinstein and Blanckenberg. There are five helmets 
over the shield, each with coronet or crown with ornamental 
mantling and crests, in the centre that of BRUNSWICK. Sup- 
porters, two lions. 

■:• S CHRISTIANI • LVDOVICI ■ DVCIS ■ BRVSVICENSIS • 
ET • LVNEBERGENSIS •*!*<• 

Carved border of foliage. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,047. 

*,* See also the seals of George I., George II., and 
George III., Kings of England, etc., Dukes of Brunswick 
and Luneburg, Vol. I., Nos. 642 et seq., pp. 71 et seq. 



» • 
« 



HUNGARY. 



For other seals of Kings of Hungary, not included 



in the following group, see Germany, Nos. 21,188, et seqq. 



HUNGARY. 



CARL IV., Emperor of Germany, etc. 

Seal, as King of Hungary, Dahnatia, Croatia, Rama, Servia, 
Gallicia, Lodomiria, etc. A.D. 1 349-1378. 

21,334. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4i in. [xli. 79.] 

The King, full-face, with long curled hair, crown of three 
points, robes of majesty, mantle open at the neck, holding 
sceptre fleury and orb or mound surmounted with a cross. 
Seated on a carved, cushioned throne, with arcaded panel 
and crested back, on which is stretched a diapered or em- 
broidered cloth, spangled with stars ; feet on a projecting 
rectangular platform, or footboard, with two lions or other 
animals, half hidden from view, below it. In the field at each 
side, a shield of arms with twisted strap or loop : dex. and 
sin. similar, per pale, dex. sem^-de-lis, sin. ANCIENT HUNGARY. 
Within a bordure, panel, or cordon of small roses. 

Legend in Lombardic capitals : — 

© KAROLUS : DGI : GRA : HUNGARIG : DALMAGIG : GROACI6 : 
RAM€ : S'Uie : GAL1CI6 : LODOMERie : 



SIGISMUND, Emperor of Germany, etc. 

Seal, as King of Hungary, Dahnatia, Croatia, Rama, Servia, 

Galicia, Lodomiria, Cumania, and Bulgaria, 

Margrave of Brandenburg ; Archchamberlain of the 

Holy Roman Empire ; heir of Bohemia and Luxembjirg, 

circ. K.T). 1 386-1410. 

21,335, Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impression. 
4-5. in. [xli. 97.] 

The King, full-face, with crown of three fleurs-de-lis in 
sight, royal mantle fastened over the r. shoulder, robes, sceptre 
fleury and orb or mound surmounted by a cross. Seated on 
a carved throne with traced side pillars and crocketed canopy, 
feet on a projecting footboard of three segments. On each 
side, on wavy trees or branches of foliage enriched with 
flowers, springing from behind a shield of arms in the base, 



122 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 

Bohemia, are two shields of arms : dex. i. Ancient 
Hungary, 2. Dalmatia, siu. 1. Luxemburg, 2. Branden- 
burg. 

Legend very indistinct in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer ch-dc) :— © SIGISMVNDVS ■ DGI • GRATIA • HVNGARie ■ 

DALMAGI6 ■ CROACI6 • RAMG • SGRVIG • GALlCie • 

LGDOMGRie • CVMANie • BVLGARlGQVe • RgX • AC • MARCHIO. 

[Inner cirde) :— * BRANDGMBVRGeNSIS • SACRI ■ ROMANI • 

IMPeRII ■ ARCH1CAM6RAR1VS • 

BOH6MI6 • CT • LVICeMeVRGGNSIS ■ HGReS. 

Seal, as King of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, etc., 

Vicar General of the Holy Roman Empire, 

circ. A.D. 1 386-1410. 

21,336. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression- 
3|. in. [xli. loi.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed. In the field 
betw. the heads of the eagle, the initial letter of the king's 
name s. 

© SigirmuuDus * Urt a gratia * xtx * Jjmtganr * 

flalmac * rroacic * zr * 

facrt : romaui * tm^tt a liiraitus * gnal*. 



MATTHIAS II., King of Hitngary and Bohemia ; 

A rchduke of A ustria ; Duke of Burgundy ; 

Margrave of Moravia ; Duke of Luxemburg, 

and Silesia ; Margrave of Ltisatia. 

Seal used circ. A. D. 1 6 11 - 1 6 1 7. 

21,337. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4J- in. [xli. I So.] 

A shield of arms of ornamental shape : quarterly ; i, 4. 
Hungary (Ancient), 2, 3. Bohemia ; overall an escutcheon 
of arms charged with an escutcheon of smaller dimensions, as 
described in No. 21,248. Ensigned with crown of Hungary, 
and encircled with collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. 
Around the design, six angels, three on each side, alternated 
with, and supporting, as many shields of arms, each ensigned 
with its proper crown or coronet held by the angel. The two 
angels over the shield supporting the crown of Hungary. The 
armorial bearings of these small shields are : (dex.) i. MoRAVIA ; 
{sin.) 2. Luxemburg ; {dex.) 3. Silesia ; {sin.) 4. Lower 
Lusatia ; {dex.) 5. per fess in chief a lion passant ; {sin.) 6. 



HUNGARY. 123 



Upper Lusatia. Background closely diapered with wavy 
arabesque foliage. 

MATTHIAS ■ II • D ■ G ■ HVNG • BOHEM • &G REX • ARCHIDVX • 
AVST • DVX • BVRG • MAROHIO • MOR • _ 

LVCEMBVRG ■ AG • SILESIE ■ DVX • MARCH • LVSAT • &C. 

Carved borders of foliage. 

Another Seal, with addition of the title of Count of Tirol, etc. 

Seal used circ. A.D. 1611-1617. 

21,338. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indis- 
tinct impression. 2|- in. [xli. 181.] 

An ornamentally-carved shield of arms : per fess, the chief 
part quarterly ; i. HUNGARY (ANCIENT), 2. BOHEMIA, 3. per 
pale, dex. Castile, sin. Leon, 4. per pale, dex. Aragon, sin. 
Sicily ; over all an escutcheon charged with the arms of per 
pale, dex. AU-STRIA {Hauszvappen), sin. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT 
Dukes) : — The base bears two quarters in the shape of shields 
or escutcheons, each having, in its chief part, two other 
shields or escutcheons of smaller dimensions : dex. i. Stiria, 

2. Carinthia, 3. per pale, dex. an eagle displayed, sin. paly 
of four, SCHELLINCK ; sin. i. Carniola, 2. Wurtemberg, 

3. Silesia. The whole entc in point, Tirol. Ensigned with 
crown, and encircled with collar of the Order of the Garter. 

MATTHIAS ■ II • D ■ G ■ HVNG ■ ET • BOHE • REX • ARCH • AVST • 
DVX ■ BVRG • MAR • MOR • CO ■ TYR. 

Carved border of foliage. 

Engr. in Uredius, /. c, p. 138, fig. 3. 



FERDINAND II., Emperor. 



Seal, as King of Hungary, Bohemia, Croatia, and Sclavonia ; 

A rchdtike of A ustria ; Duke of Burgundy, Stiria, 

Carinthia, and Carniola ; Margrave of Moravia ; 

Count of Tirol, a?td Goricia, etc., 

circ. A.D. 1618-1625. 

21,339. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4iin. [xli. 185.] 

An ornamentally-carved oval shield of arms : quarterly ; 
I, 4, per pale, dex. Hungary (Ancient), sin. Hungary 
(Modern), 2, 3. Bohemia ; over all a small carved ova! 



124 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

escutcheon, charged with the arms : per pale, dex., AUSTRIA 
{Hausivappen), sin. BURGUNDY (Ancient Dukes). Above 
the shield, an eagle rising, or soaring, foreshortened, perched 
on two sceptres (for the HUNGARIAN and BOHEMIAN King- 
doms) held saltirewise by two angels seated on the carved 
work of the shield. These hold also in their exterior hands the 
ends of a collar of the Order of the GOLDEN FLEECE, which 
encircles the shield. Above the soaring eagle, a royal crown 
ensigning the shield of arms, and the whole design is enclosed 
in an orle, or cordon, of thirteen small shields of arms, 
ornamentally carved ; six oval shields on each side, one, 
shield-shaped, in base ; each being ensigned with its own 
proper crown or coronet. The armorial bearings of these 
shields are : {dex}) I. Castile, (sbi) 2. Dalmatia, {dex) 3. 
Leon, (i-/;/.) 4. Croatia, {dex}) 5. Aragon, (sin) 6. Bosnia, 
(dex) 7. Stiria, {sin) 8. Carniola, {dex) 9. Carinthia, 
{sifi) 10. Moravia, {dex) 11. Silesia, {sin) 12. Tirol, 
(/« base) 13. GoRZ, or GoRiCIA. This cordon of shields is 
set betw. two carved annuli or borders of foliage. 

FERDINAND • II • D • G ■ REX • VNG • BOH • DALM ■ CROAT • 

SCLAV • ETC • ARCH! ■ AVST • DVX ■ BVRG • 

STYR ■ CARIN • ET • CARN ■ MARCH ■ MORAV • COMES ■ 

TYR • ET • GOR • ETC. 

Carved border of foliage. 



MARIA THERESIA, Empress of Germany. 

Seal, as Queen of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, 

Sclavonia, etc.; Archduke of Austria ; 

Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Milan, Stiria, Carinthia, Carniola, 

Majitua, Parma, Wilrtonberg, Silesia, etc. ; 

Princess of Suevia and Transsylvauia ; ]\Iargravine of Burgau, 

Moravia, etc. ; Countess of Hapburg, Flanders, 

Tirol, Goricia, Namur, etc., used circ. A.D. 1740- 1745. 

21,340. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
41 in. [xli. 208.] 

A shield of arms-of ornamental shape, charged with thirteen 
quarterings, four, five and four, some being narrower than 
others : i. quarterly ; i. Castile, ii. Leon, iii. AragON, 
iv. Sicily ; 2. Hungary (Modern) ; 3. Bohemia ; 4. 
quarterly ; i. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT DUKES), ii. Brabant, 
iii. SwABiA, iv. Silesia ; 5. Grand Duchy of Trans- 
sylvania ; 6. Flanders ; 7. Hapsburg ; 8. Tirol ; 9. 
Gorz, or Goricia, 10. Jerusalem; ii. Lorraine; 12. 
Tuscany, al. de Medicis ; 13. Bar. Over all, in honour 



HUNGARY. 125 



point, a small escutcheon charged with arms of AUSTRIA 
{Hanswappeii) ensigned with archducal crown or coronet. 
The shield ensigned with large crown, and placed within a 
broad band charged with cordon of eleven oval plaques united 
by ribbons, and each bearing a carved oval escutcheon of 
arms, ensigned with its own appropriate crown or coronet. 
The armorial bearings of these small escutcheons are : — {dex.) 
I. Dalmatia ; {sin.) 2. Croatia; {dex.) 3. Bosnia; {sin.) 
4. a lion rampant ; {dex.) 5. MILAN ; {sin.) 6. a cross betw. 
four eagles displayed, DuCHY OF GUASTALLA ; {dex.) 7. 
uncertain ; {sin.) 8. WiJRTEMBERG ; {dex.) 9. an eagle dis- 
played, crowned, MoDENA(?); {sin.) lo. an eagle displayed; 
{in base) 11. chequy, a lion rampant. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

(Outer circle) :— MARIA ■ THERESIA • D • G • REG • HUN ■ BOH • 
DAL • GROAT ■ SLA &G • ARCHIDVX • AUSTRI/E ■ DUX • 

BUR • BRAB • MED • STYR • GARINT • CARN • MANT ■ FARM. 

(Inner circle) :— WIRTEM • SIL • &G PR ■ SVEV • & TRANS • 

MARCH ■ BUR • MOR • &C - COM • 

HABS ■ FLAND • TYR • GOR • NAMUR • &C. &C. 

Carved borders of foliage. 

A nother Seal, as before, but bearing also title and arms 
of the Conntess of Alsace. 

21.341. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
45. in. [xli. 209.] 

An ornamental shield of arms, and escutcheon, etc., as 
before. The number of escutcheons in the cordon is increased 
to twelve, that of Alsatia occupying lowest place on the 
r. h. side, and pairing with that which is in base in preceding 
seal. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

[Ouler circle) :— MARIA • THERESIA • D • G ■ REG • HUN ■ BOH • 

DAL • CROAT • SLA &C ■ ARCHIDVX ■ AUSTRI/E • DUX • 

BUR ■ BRAB • MED • STYR • GARINT • CARN • MANT ■ FARM. 

{Inner circle) ;— WIRTEM ■ SIL ■ &G PR • SVEV • & TRANS • 

MARCH • BUR • MOR • &C • COM ■ 

HABS • FLAND • TYR • GOR • ALS • NAMUR • &C. &C. 

Carved borders. 

Seal, as Queen of Hungary and Bohemia ; 

A rchdicke of A ustria : Duke of Burgundy ; Margravine of 

Moravia ; Duchess of Luxemburg and Silesia ; 

Margravine of Lusatia, etc. 

Seal used circ. A.D. 1740-1745. 

21.342. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
41 in. [xli. 210.] 



126 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

A richly carved ornamental shield of arms : quarterly ; 
I. Hungary (Ancient) ; 2. per pale, dcx. Austria {Haus- 
wappeii), sin. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT Dukes) ; 3. MORAVIA ; 
4. Silesia: over all a small ornamental escutcheon charged 
with the arms of BOHEMIA. The shield ensigned with a 
richly jewelled crown of a queen, held up by two angels, each 
of whom also hold up with exterior hand, by the straps, an 
elaborately carved oval shield of arms : dcx. LUXEMBURG, stu. 
Lower Lusatia. In base, below the shield, an angel, 
standing, holding up with outstretched hands two elaborately 
carved shields of arms : dex. UPPER LuSATiA, sin. per fess, in 
chief a lion passant. The background replenished with 
diaper work in arabesque patterns. 

MARIA • THERESIA : D ; G : HUNG : BOH : ZG : REGINA : 

ARCHIDUX : AUST : DUX : BURGUND : MARCHIO : 

MORAY : LUXEMB : AC : SILES ■ DUX : MARCHIO : LUSAT ZC. 

Carved border of foliage. 

Drawn in Add. 19,998, f. 104, from impression attached to deed, dated 
A.D. 1744. 

LEOPOLD II., Emperor. 

Seal, as King of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, 

Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, Lodoiniria, 

Jerusalem; Archduke of Austria ; Djike of Biir gundy, 

and Lorraine ; Grand-Duke of Etrjtria ; 

Grand Prince of Transsylvania ; Duke of Milan, Mantua, 

and Parma ; Count of Hapsbtirg, 

Flanders, and Tirol, etc., circ. A.D. 1 790-1792. 

21,343. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
5i%in. [xli. 218.] 

On a corbel or bracket, with receding moulding, a large 
shield of arms of nearly rectangular shape, ensigned with 
imperial diadem over crowns of HUNGARY and BOHEMIA, 
and supported by two griffins. Below the shield, the collars 
or ribbons of the Orders of St. STEPHEN, Maria Theresia, 
Leopold, and the Golden Fleece. The armorial bearings, 
which are very complicated, are : — quarterly of eight, three, 
two, and three, those in the second row being reduced in 
height by one half the height of the first and third rows : 
1st grand quarter, quarterly ; i. per pale, dex. HUNGARY 
(Ancient), sin. Hungary (Modern), ii. Dalmatia, iii. 
Croatia, iv. Sclavonia ; 2nd grand quarter, per pale, dex. 
three antique crowns, two and one, for Galicia ; sin. two 
bars compony counter-compony, for chequy, LODOMIRIA ; 
3rd grand quarter, quarterly ; i. MORAVIA, ii. SiLESIA, 



HUNGARY. 127 



iii. Upper Lusatia, iv. Lower Lusatia ; 4th grand quarter, 
Tuscany ; 5th grand quarter, DuCHY OF Transsylvania ; 
6th grand quarter, quarterly ; i. Brabant, ii. FLANDERS 
or GuELDRES, iii. Luxemburg, iv. Limburg(?), over all 
an escutcheon of smaller dimensions charged with arms of 
Burgundy (Ancient Dukes) ; 7th grand quarter, per pale, 
dex. per pale, dex. an eagle displayed, crowned, DuCHY OF 
MODENA, sin. Milan ; sin. Duchy of Guastalla ; the point 
ente, with the arms of the Duchies of Parma and Plaisance ; 
8th grand quarter, quarterly ; i. JERUSALEM, ii. Bar, iii. a 
lion rampant crowned, contonrn^, iv. a lion rampant crowned : 
over all an escutcheon of smaller dimensions, charged with 
the arms of LORRAINE. Over the whole, an escutcheon of 
similar form but smaller dimensions, charged with eight 
quarterings : i. AUSTRIA {Hauswappen) ; ii. per pale, dex. 
Stiria, si7t. Carinthia ; iii. Carniola ; iv. WiJRTEM- 
BERG ; v. SWABIA ; vi. Hapsburg ; vii. per pale, dex. 
Tirol, sin. Goricia, or Gorz, the point ente with a cross 
pattee; viii. BuRGAU ; over all an escutcheon of still smaller 
dimensions, BOHEMIA. 

LEOPOLDVS • II • D ■ G • HVNG • BOH • DAL • CROA • SLAV • GAL • 

LODO ■ HIER ■ REX • ARCH ■ AVST ■ DVX • BVR ■ 

LOTH • M • DVX • HET • M • P • TRANS • DVX ■ MEDIOL • MAN ■ 

PAR • (& COMES • HAB • FLAND • TYR ■ &C. 
Carved border of foliage. 



ANNE, Queen of Hungary ; {daughter of ALBERT and 

Elizabeth of AtisU'id), ivife of S^WAAku, Duke of 

Saxony, A.D. 1446; Archdiicliess of Aiistria, 

Landgravine of Thuringia, etc. 

21,344. Sulph. cast from indistinct impression. if in. 
[D.C., G. 251.] 

A shield of arms : barruly of ten, over all a crancelin (or 
portion of a jewelled coronet) in bend, Saxony. Betw. four 
smaller shields of arms in cross, their bases outwards ; i. 
Hungary (Ancient) ; 2. Bohemia ; 3. Luxemburg, or a 
lion rampant, crowned, charged with two bars, Landgraviate 
of Thuringia ; 4. Austria {Hauszvappen). Within a carved 
quatrefoil or quadrilobe panel, with fleurettes in spandrils. 

S' aSc • natr • fgic • Ijitgarc • iidje • ar . . . tructffc ♦ 
lucfb'g • fa^coTc • latgbiffe • turtgtr. 

Cabled border. 

Cf. Uredius, Sigg. Coinm. Flandr.^ p. 93. William IIL, Landgrave of 
Thuringia, was born a.d. 1425 ; married to Anne of Bohemia, 20 June, 
14.(6 ; he died in 1482. Anderson, p. 485. 



PRUSSIA. 



VOL. VI. 



K 



PRUSSIA. 



Mission of the King of Prussia to London. 
Letter Seal. 

21,345. [Modern.] Recent impression in black sealing- 
wax from matrix. \-^ X l-fV in. [xlix. 68.] 

Oval : on a circular shield ensigned with a royal crown and 
embraced by two branches of myrtle : an imperial eagle 
displayed, crowned, holding sceptre and orb. On the breast a 
monogram for F. R. (?). Crowned. 

MISSION DE S • M ■ LE ROI DE PRUSSE A LONDRES. 



K 2 



SAXONY. 



SAXONY. 



JEAN, Duke of Saxony, A rch-Marshal of the Holy 
Roman Empire, etc. 

21,346. [a.D. 1532.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion. 2| in. [cxx.xii. 40.] 

To the 1. in armour, with helmet, two crests combined, of a 
tall cap charged with the arms of Saxony, betw. two pro- 
boscides, ThurINGIA, with long ties, lance-flags charged with 
per fess two swords in saltire, for the GRAND MARSHAL OF 
THE German Empire. Betw. three small shields of arms : 
dex. fretty, sin. a lion rampant, that in base, indistinct. Around 
the seal, in part reserved for legend, are set eight small 
shields or escutcheons of arms at equal intervals : i. SaXONY ; 
2. a lion rampant, etc., TnURINGiA; 3. an eagle displayed, 
Palatinate of Saxony ; 4. a rose or cinquefoil, Alten- 
BURG ; 5. a lion rampant ; 6. two pales, Landsberg ; 7. an 
eagle displayed ; 8. a lion rampant contournt', MiSNIA. 
Legend very indistinct in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer cu-dc) :— S • lOHANNIS ■ DVCIS ■ SAXQN ■ . . SACRI • 
ROMAN. . IMPERY • ARCHIMARESCHA'. 

{Inner circle) •.—PR\HC\P\S ELECTOR LANTGRAVY • 
THVRN . . . MARCHiON'S. 

Several pairs of letters conjoined. 

Inner border engrailed. 

D'Arcq, No. 1 1,144. 



JOHN FREDERIC, the Magnanimous. A.D. 1535. 
Dnke of Saxony. 

21,347. Sulph. cast tinted grey, from good impression. 
2\ in. [D.C., H. 92.] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms, of ten quarterings, 
three, two, two, and three : i. barruly of ten, a crancelin, 
Saxony ; 2. a lion passant, barruly, crowned, contoiirne, 
for Thuringia ; 3. a lion passant ; 4. an eagle, displayed, 
crowned, Saxony (Palatine) ; 5. two pales, Landsberg ; 
6. three bouterolles, Brehna ; 7. an eagle displayed, Thur- 
INGIA (Palatine) ; 8. semd oi hearts, a lion pas.sant crowned, 
contour nc, OrlamunDE ; 9. coupe, in the chief part a rose, etc.j 



I3<5 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

for Altenburg (?) ; lo. a lion passant, coiipi, Pleissen. 
Three crests on helmets and ornamental mantling', dex. two 
proboscides, each ornamented with five little batons in fess, 
carrying trefoils, Thuringia ; centre, out of a coronet a 
pyramidal chapeau, charged with arms of Saxony, topped 
with peacock's plume, and betw. two proboscides, each orna- 
mented with five little batons bearing banner flags, SaXONY ; 
sin. bust of a man in profile, on the vestment a pale, wearing 
pointed cap also charged with pale, and having large tuft. 
SPES «< M EA s* I N /« DEO s» EST »< ANNO NOSTRI « 
SALVATORIS a»M-D-X-X-X-V. 
Cf. Siebmacher, Wappenbiich, Niirnberg, 1856, Band i., Abt. i., Taf. 
xxvii. 



JOHN GEORGE, Duke of Saxony, Jtdiers, Cleve, etc. 

21,348. [a.d. 1648.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
If in. [cxxxii. 39.] 

A shield of arms, of twenty-one quarterings by threes, with 
one in point : viz., I. Thuringla. ; 2. Saxony ; 3. MiSNiA ; 
4. JULiERS ; 5. Cleve ; 6. Saxony (Palatine) ; 7. an 
eagle displayed ; 8. THURINGIA (Palatine) ; 9. Upper 
LusATiA ; 10. Lower Lusatia ; 11. Landsberg ; 12. 
Pleissen ; 13. Orlamunde ; 14. Party per pale, ^t'jtr. an eagle 
displayed, dimidiated, sin. barruly, BURGRAVIAT OF MAGDE- 
BURG ; 15. ihr&Q. comes decerf -volant, '^^G^V.'H \ 16. a cinque- 
foil rose, Altenburg ; 17. three bars (called EisENBERG by 
D'Arcq, but uncertain); 18. three chevrons, Ravensberg ; 
19. chequy (intended for a fess chequy). La Marck ; 20. 
indistinct (droits rt'galiens, D'Arcq) ; 21. a hen on a tcrtre, 
HenneBERG. Over all an escutcheon (covering the blank 
quarter betw. 7th and 8th), charged with two swords in saltire, 
Grand Marshalship of the Holy Roman Empire. 
Eight crests on helmets and mantling. 

D • G • lOH ■ GEORG • SAX • IVL • CLEVE • MONT ■ DVX ■ ELECT. 
Carved border of foliage. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,146, imperfectly described. 



FREDERIC WILLIAM, Duke of Saxony, etc. 

21,349. [a.d. 1648.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2 in. [cxxxii. 38.] 

A shield of arms of eighteen quarterings, three, two, three, 
three, three, and four, derived from the arms in the pre- 
ceding seal : viz., 1. THURINGIA ; 2. Cleve ; 3. MiSNiA ; 



SAXONY. 137 



4. JULIERS ; 5. Saxony (Palatine) ; 6. an eagle displayed ; 
7. Landsberg ; 8. Thuringia (Palatine) ; 9. Pleissen ; 
10. two bars ; li. Orlamunde ; 12. Altenburg ; 13. plain 
diapered (?) {or i\\e droits rcgaliens; 14. Engern ; 15. Ravens- 
BERG; 16. a tower, Hqmburg (?) ; 17. Henneberg ; 18. for 
La Marck. Six crests on helmets and mantlings. 

D : G : FRIDERICVS WILHELMVS DVX SAX : IVL : 
CL : ET MONT. 

Carved border of foliage. 



D'.-\rcq, No. 11,147, incorrectly described. 



WILLIAM, Duke of Saxony y Jiiliers, Clcje, etc., Landgrave 
of Tliiiringia, La Marck, Misnia, etc. A.D. 1648. 

21,350. Sulph. cast from indistinct impression. 3I in. 
[cx.xxii. 41.] 

The Duke, in plate-armour, with helmet, plumes, crest, 
banner flag of the arms of Saxony, and sword, on a capa- 
risoned horse, pacing to the 1. on a field line. In exergue the 
date 164S. 

* D • G • WILHELM • DVX ■ SAX ■ IVL ■ CLIV • AC • MONT 

LANDG • TVRINQ • MARCH ■ 

MIS • COM • MARC • ET • RAVENSB • DNS • RAVENST. 

Outside the legend, a broad annulus or border with cusped 
points carved as trefoils, with seventeen small shields of arms, 
each with its proper helmet, mantling, and crest, and having 
over it a semi-circular ribbon bearing the name of the lordship 
or other dignity, to which it refers. The small letters in these 
ribbons are in most instances illegible : i. JULICH ; 2. Cleve ; 
3. a lion rampant; 4. Mlsnia ; 5. a lion rampant; 6. an 
eagle displayed ; 7. an eagle displayed ; 8. a lion rampant ; 
9. Orlamunde; io. Landsberg; ii. Altenburg; 12. 
Eisenberg ; 13. Brehna ; 14. diaprt' ; 15. La Marck ; 
16. Ravensberg ; 17. Henneberg. 

Carved border of foliage. 



WlJRTEMBERG. 



WURTEMBERG. 



EBERHARD, Count of Wiirtemberg. 

21.351. [a.d. 1355.] Sulph. cast from chipped, indistinct 
impression. 2\ in. [cxxxii. 42.] 

To the r. In armour, surcoat of mail, helmet crested with 
a bugle or cor-de-chasse, sword chained to shoulder, and shield 
of arms. Horse springing, armorially caparisoned. Armorial 
bearings of shield and two escutcheons on the caparisons : 
three devii-i-aiintres of a stag, or bois-de-cerf, fesswise in pale, 
An'cient Wurtemberg. 

S' • eeeRHARDI • COMITIS • D' • wi . . . bgrg. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,150. 

LEOPOLD FREDERIC, Duke of Wurtemberg, etc. 

A.D. I617. 

21.352. [a.d. 1648.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2\ in. [cxxxii. 44.] 

A shield of arms of ornamental shape, and the three crests, 
as described in seal No. 21,353, but not from same matri.x. 
Above the damoiselle, the date 16-17 i below her arms (of 
fishes) the initial letters L. F. HZ. W. 

Carved border of foliage. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,157. 

EBERHARD, Duke of Wiirtemberg, etc. 
Great Seal, A.D. 1629. 

21.353. [a.d. 1648.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2\ in. [cxxxii. 43.] 

A shield of arms of ornamental shape : quarterly ; i. three 
bois-de-cerf, fesswise in pale, WURTEMBERG ; 2. lozengy 
bendy, for COUNTS OF Tech ; 3. a banner flag of the Roman 
Empire charged with an eagle displayed, for the dignity of 
standard-bearer of the HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE ; 4. two bars 
(fishes) addoss^es, for MoNTBfiLlARD. Three crests on 
helmets and mantling ; dex. out of a coronet a hunting-horn ; 



142 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

centre, out of a coronet a damoisellc crowned, having in 
place of arms the two bars of MONTBfiLIARD ; sin. a bull- 
dog's head. 

ft DEI • GRAT : EBERHAR : DVC : WIRTEMB : ET • TEC : CO : 
MONTP : DO : IN • HEID : SIGIL : MAIVS : 1629 : 

Carved border of foliage. 
D'Arcq, No. 1 1,156. 

Kingdom of WtJRTEMBERG. 

Legation to London. 
Letter Seal. 

21,354. [Modern.] Recent impression in black sealing- 
wax, from matrix, very indistinct, i-^ X i#. [xlix. 74.] 

Oval : an oval shield of arms, encircled with a border 
of laurel or myrtle foliage, ensigned with crown royal, and 
supported by a branch of laurel and of palm ; the bearings 
are : per pale, dex., three half attires of a stag lying fesswise in 
pale, or bois-dc-cerf, butts to the left, AxciEXT WuRTEM- 
BERG ; sin. three lions passant in pale, langued the dexter 
gamb, HOHENSTAUFEN. 

. . * . . K • WURTTEMBERG'SCHE GESANDTSCHAFT • 
ZU • LONDON. 



GERMANY. 

{Continued from p. go.) 



GERMANY. 



QUEENS CONSORT. 



IMAGINA, Queen Consort of Av>Ol.F, Count of Nassau, 

Emperor of the Romans, A.D. 1292 ; daughter ^Gerlach, 

Lord of Limburg ; married, A.D. 1289 ; 

crowned, A.D. 1293. 

21,355. Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, impression. 
31 X 2i in. [xli. 57.] 

Pointed oval : the Queen, with crown, and closely fitting 
robes. Seated on throne with sides terminating in heads of 
birds, covered with embroidered cloth ; the r. h. laid on the 
breast, in the 1. h. a sceptre ; feet on a carved bracket or 
corbel beneath which a small dog couchant contourn^. Be- 
hind throne, a curtain diapered lozengy, with lion rampant, for 
Nassau, and eagle displayed, for KINGDOM OF GERMANY. On 
each side, partly on the curtain, a shield of arms : r. h. side, a 
lion rampant, Nassau, 1. h. side. Kingdom of Germany. 

© IMMAGINA : DGI : GRACIA : ROtMANOEU : R6GINA : 
SeMP6R : AVGVSTA. 



Later Seal, after death of tJie Emperor Adolf, a.d. 1298. 

21,356. Plaster cast, tinted green, from imperfect impres- 
sion. 2i in. [xli. 58.] 

The widowed Queen, full-face, with crown, head-dress, and 

mantle fastened at breast with large clasp. Seated on 

cushioned bench-like throne. Betw. two flowering trees. On 

the r. h. a wavy sunstar of six points, on the 1. an increscent. 

.... GIN€ • Dei • GRA • QV 



ANNE, Queen of the Romans, Duchess of Bretagne. 
{Espoused to Maximilian I.) 

21,357. [a.d. 1490.] Red : fragments only. About 
in, when perfect. [Add. ch. 8045.] 

VOL. VI. L 



146 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Only a shield of arms : France and Bretagne (?), im- 
paled, ensigned with a crown, remains. 

Although this document is issued in the names of " Maxi- 
milian et Anne, par la grace de Dieu, Roy et Royne des 
Romains, Dues de Bretaigne," the marriage was never consum- 
mated (Henault, Abrt'gt', p. 367). Charles VIII., king of 
France, espoused this Princess in 1492 (//^.) or 1491 (Henault, 
Abr. de V Hist, de France, p. 274). On the death of King 
Charles VIII., 7 Apr. 1498, the queen, " remarquable par son 
esprit et sa bcaute," married, 8 Jan. 1499, King Louis XII. 
She died 9 Jan. 15 14. 



ROYAL AND IMPERIAL OFFICES 
AND OFFICERS. 



SECRETA AND SIGNETS OF SOVEREIGNS. 



LOUIS v., Emperor of the Romans, h.T>. 1314-1347. 
Secret?im. 

21,358. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
If in. [xli. 69.] 
An eagle displayed, with inverted wings. 

© S ■ SeCR' • LVDOWICI • D6I ■ GRA ■ ROMANOB- 
IMPATORIS ■ S ■ A. 
Beaded borders. 



FRIEDRICH III., King of tlie Rotnans. 
Ring Seal, or Signet, circ. A.D. 1440-145 1. 

21,359. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
f X I in. [xli. 125.] 

Oblong octagonal : a bust of the king, couped at neck, 
crowned with ancient crown of the king of the Romans. 
Below the neck, in exergue, a name or word in Greek minus- 
cules, S/30U? (?). 

Legend above king's head, in field : — 
REX FRIDRIC. 

Perhaps engraved on precious stone or gem. The mark 
of the deep setting seems to indicate some lettering or orna- 
mentation on it, but it is very imperfectly impressed. 



MAXIMILIAN I., Emperor of the Romans. 
Signet, A.D. 1493-15 19. 

21,360. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impres- 
sion, -f- X I in. [xli. 140.] 

L 2 



148 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Oval : a briquet of the Collar of the Order of the Golden 
FlescE betvv. four shields of arms in cross: I. EMPIRE OF 
Germanv, 2. Austria {Hauswappen), 3. Burgundy 
(Ancjeut Dukes), 4. Bohemia (?). Betw. the initial letters. 

M^ R 

T -' 

{Maximilianus Rex et Imperator ?) 



CHARLES v., Emperor, etc. 
Signet, A.D. 1530-1558. 

21,361. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impres- 
sion. i\ in. [xli. 153.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, and 
ensigned with diadem ; charged on breast with a shield of 
arms, as described in No. 21,220, ensigned with coronet or 
crown of five fleurs-de-lis in sight. 

Legend broken away. 

Cf. Uredius, Sig-iila Com. Flandr., p. 1S4, fig. i. 



CHARLES VI., Emperor, etc. 
Privy Seal, used circ. A.D. 1711-1740. 

21,362. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2f in. [xli. 203.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
ensigned with diadem, in its r. claw a sceptre and sword, in 
the 1. claw an orb or mound surmounted by cross. On the 
breast an ornamentally carved shield of arms, as described in 
No. 21,272, ensigned with crown and encircled with collar of 
the Order of the Golden Fleece. 

carol ■ VI • D ■ G ■ ROM • IMP ■ S ■ A • GER • HIS ■ HVN • 

BOH ■ VTR • SIC • HIER • ET • INDI • 

REX • ARCD • AVS • D ■ BVRG • BRA ■ MED ■ PR • SVE ■ CAT ■ MA • 

S • R • I • CO • HABS ■ ET • TYR. 

Carved border of foliage, 



JUDICIAL SEALS; 

SEALS OF THE JUDGMENT OF THE KING'S 

OR EMPEROR'S COURT {HOFGERICHTS SIEGEL); 

THE SIGILLUM PACIS {LANDFRIEDENS 

SIEGEL), ETC. 



CHARLES IV., Emperor of the Romans 
and King of Bohemia, A.D. 1 347-1 378. 

The Sea! of the Hofgericht. 

21,363. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
31 in. [xli. 80.] 

The Emperor, full-face, with long hair, three-quarters length ; 
with mitre and imperial diadem, robed, as in the great seal, 
No. 21,178. In the r. h. a sword held before him in fess, in 
the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by cross. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

(^Outer circle) :— ga SIGILLV • IVDICIS • CVRI6 • KAROLI • QVARTI ■ 

DIVINA • FAVGNTe • CLeMGNCIA • ROMANOR • IMP6RA 

{Inner circle) :— TORIS • SgMPeR • AVGVSTI • 6T ■ BOGMie • REGIS. 



WENZEL, or WENTZESLAUS, King of the Romans 
and of Bohemia, A.D. 1 378-1400. 

Seal of the Hofgericht. 

21,364. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
3i in. [xli. 86.] 

The King, full-face, with long hair, three-quarters length, 
with royal mantle, etc., holding before him in the r. h. a sword 
horizontally, in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by cross. 
On the king's dress, just below sword, the initial letter w ; at 
the sword's point a small royal crown. Background orna- 
mented with lozengy reticulated pattern. 

Legend in two concentric circles. 

{Outer circle) -.—^ SIGILLV • IVDICIS • GVRie • WGNTZGSLAY • 

DIVINA • FAVeNXe • CLgMeNCIA ■ ROMANORVM ® 

{Inner circle) :— © I i RCGIS • SeMPGR • AVGVSTI • 6T • 

B0EMI6 • R6GIS ; 



ISO CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

The smaller Seal of the Hofgericht. 

21,365. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 

iTVin. [xli. 87.] 

The design of this seal resembles the foregoing, No. 21,364, 
but the initial letter W and small crown omitted. 

Legend in two concentric circles. 

(^Outer circle) :— fii SIGILLV • IVDICIS • CVRie ■ WeNCZeSLAI • 

PRIMI • DIVINA ■ FAVeNT€ ■ CLGMGNCIA ROMANOR 

{Iniicr circle) :— «: • VM • RGGIS • SGMPeR • AVGVSTl ■ CT • 

BOCMie • RGGIS. 

Some pairs of letters respectively conjoined. 



The Sigillwn Pads, or " Landfriedefis-Siegel." 

21,366. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
23- in. [xli. 88.] 

The King, full-face, with curled hair, open crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis in sight, embroidered mantle fastened up over the 
r. shoulder, three-quarters length, with sword erect in the r. h., 
in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted by cross. On the 
r. h. side a shield of arms : KINGDOM OF GERMANY ; on 
the 1. h. side a similar shield of arms : KINGDOM OF 
Bohemia. 

© s' pacis • per ■ dnm • wentzgslav • romanorv • 

6T ■ B06MI6 • R6Ge • ORDINAXe. 
Some pairs of letters respectively conjoined. 
Beaded borders. 



RUPERT, King of the Romans, A.D. 1400-1410. 
The Seal of the Hofgericht. 

21,367. Plaster cast, tinted green, from chipped impression. 
3i in. [xli. 92.] 

The King, full-face, with crown of three fleurs-de-lis, and 
flowing mantle, three-quarters length, holding in the r. h. a 
sword before him horizontally, in the 1. h. a sceptre fleury. 
Background diapered lozengy, with small estoile in each 
interstitial space. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— [Silgtllum * lufltcit % Cwxit t *- Hupctti % 

Dtuin.i % fabrutc % (Tlrmrntta liomanoi[um]. 

{Inner circle):— ISitqin * fcmncr * «< «! *i ak * 



GERMANY: — JUDICIAL SEALS. 151 

The smaller Seal of the Hofgericht. 

21,368. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2 in. [xli. 93.] 

The design of this seal closely resembles that of the previous 
one, No. 21,367. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— « S' * I'uBtrit » curtc * rujicrti « Biuma • 
fabcntc » clrmrnna * romanor 
{Inner circle) : — * um * tf gis * fcm_j)rr * auguftt * 



SIGISMUND, King of the Romans, A.D. 1414-1437. 
Tlie Seal of the Hofgericht. 

21,369. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good, but chipped, 
impression. 3^ in. [xli. 98.] 

The King, full-face, long hair, crowned, three-quarters 
length, with mantle and girdled dress : in the r. h. a long 
sword held horizontally, the point reaching to extreme limit 
of circumference of seal, on the 1. h. a sceptre fleury. Back- 
ground diapered lozengy, with small mullet or estoile of five 
points in each interstitial space. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— * : Sigillum : * : tuDiru : * : rnric ; * : 

StStfmunDi : « : Dilima : * : 

fabtntc : * : Clemntna : * : romanovum : « : 

{Inner circle) : — : « : rcgis :**'**<*«<*<«*«<*«(*«!* 

rcmprr : * : augufti **<«<««*< 
Two inner borders cabled, the outer border carved. 



The smaller Seal of the Hofgericht. 

21,370. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2 in. [xli. 99.] 
The design of this seal resembles that of the foregoing. 
Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— StgiUum Ji iuDtcii » fuvic ft SigifmunOt s 
Dibina * fabcntc & clcmcia * romanog. 

{Inner circle) : — ft VCgt'S ft ff mpcr ft«<ft»ift«<ft«<ft*!ft»iji 
agufti /« ft /c ft 
Two inner borders cabled, outer border carved. 



152 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Tlie Imperial Seal of the Hofgericht, 
used by SiGISMUND as Emperor, circ. A.D. 1418-1437. 

21,371. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
Sf in. [xli. 104.] 

The Emperor, tliree-quarters length as before, with diadem, 
sword held horizontally, and long sceptre. The dress with 
embroidered borders. Background diapered lozengy with 
imperial double-headed eagle in each interstitial space. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) : — iigillum * liiipfrialis * tuDtrti » curie * 

SigifmunDt * Oilitna * fatanitc * 

clrmtiiria * liontanonim * Imprraton's *t» 

{Inner circle) :— frmpcr * auguftt * ac * ijungaric * 

33ol)cmtc * Dalmactc » croacic * zc * Ivcgis. 

Cuter border carved. 



T/ie smaller Imperial Seal of the Hofgericht. 

21,372. Plaster cast, tinted green, from fine impression. 
2-i- in. [xli. 105.] 

The design similar to the foregoing, but in place of diapered 
work the background here contains only five imperial eagles 
on each side, en cordon. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— StgiUum * Impcrialts * tutiirit * rune * 

StgirmuuDt » Dtliina * fabcntc * 

rlrmrncia * Komanorum * Imprratoris * * * 

{Inner circle) : — fcmprr * augufti * ac * Ijungarir * 

Ijoijrmtr * Oalmarir * rroacir * zc * lirgts. 

Outer border carved. 



FRIEDRICH III., King of the Romans, etc. 
The Seal of the Hofgericht, circ. A.D. 1 440- 1 451. 

21,373. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
somewhat indistinct in places. 3-5^ in. [xli. 114.] 

The King, full-face, three-quarters length, with curled hair, 
diadem, embroidered robes, sword and sceptre, corresponding 
in design to foregoing seals of this Court. Background 
diapered with wavy or nebuly pattern. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Otiter circle) -.—^ixqSWwxn m> iuDirij »> frtOrrtrt * Ottotna *< 
faUrntc /« rlrmcnrta *< romanorum «< regis *< 



GERMANY — JUDICIAL SEALS. 153 

(pinner circle) :— fcmp *< auguftt » auftrtc -w ftiric M 
feannrtjicq' «< Duct's <« zc. 

And on ribbon or scroll in inner circle, behind diadem, the 
mystical initial letters a • f ♦ t ♦ • U, which have been 
already explained in description of No. 21,196. The stops 
betw. the words of legend, here represented as sprigs of 
foliage, are of an unusual form, somewhat resembling the 
letter H composed of tendrils or small leaves. 



The small Seal of the Hofgericht. 

21,374. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
2| in. [xli. 115.] 

The design of this seal resembles that of the foregoing, but 
the background here diapered with wavy sprigs of foliage and 
bell-shaped flowers. 

{Outer circle) : — Sisnium «< tuDtCD » CUVic m fviOtVid » 

Ditotna *< fabcntc *< 

tlcnwncia *< romanonim *< regis *< fcm$ * 

{/n/ier circle) : — augnftt «< auftric s* IMxit * barintijifq » 

Bucis «K Hc *i zc AH zc. 
On label :— 

Outer border carved with pellets. 



MAXIMILIAN I., King of the Romans. 
The Seal of the Justice-Clianiber, circ. A.D. I486-1490 (?). 

21.375. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impres- 
sion. 7.\^ in. [xli. 133.] 

An eagle of the German Empire, displayed, with nimbus, 
ensigned with open coronet of five fleurs-de-lis ; and charged 
on breast with a shield of arms : per pale, dex. Austria 
{Hausiuappen), sin. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT DUKES). 
Legend in mi.xed characters on scroll : — 

S' DM MAXIMILIA" RO" RGGIS fcm' AVG' AR-pVC 
AVSTRIE-.P CAMERA IvftlCIE. 

The Secretum of the Camera Curice. circ. A.D. 1486-1490. 

21.376. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression, 
liin. [xli. 138.] 

A shield of arms : GERMAN KINGDOM: ensigned with 
royal crown ; supported by two griffins. To its base is sus- 



154 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

pended by a briquet a shield of arms : BURGUNDY (ANCIENT 
Dukes), encircled by a collar of the Order of the GoLDEN 
Fleece. On the r. a shield of arms : HUNGARY (ANCIENT), 
ensigned with crown ; on the 1. a shield of arms : AUSTRIA 
{Haitswappen), ensigned with archducal coronet. 

SECRET • CAMERE • CVRIE • MAX ■ RO • REGIS • 
ARGHID • AVST • IC. 



The Secretum Camera. 

21.377. [a.D. 1 50 1.] Pale sulph. cast, from indistinct im- 
pression, i^ in. [cxxxii. 56.] 

A shield of arms : German Kingdom, ensigned with open 
hooped coronet or crown of four fleurs-de-lis in sight. Betw. 
two briquets and as many cailloux of the collar of the 
Order of the GOLDEN Fleece ; below which, three smaller 
shields of arms : dex. HUNGARY (Ancient) ; base, BURGUNDY 
(Ancient Dukes); sin. (Austria) {Hauswappeu). All with- 
in a bilobc. 

SECRETVM • CAMERE • MAXIMILIANI ■ ROMANORVM • REGIS. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,908. 

The Judicial Seal for the King, as Landgrave of Alsace (?). 

21.378. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impres- 
sion. i|- in. [xli. 137.] 

An eagle displayed, with nimbus, ensigned with a crown, 
for the German Kingdom. The breast charged with a 
shield of arms : per pale, dex. AUSTRIA {Hausivappcn), sin. 
Burgundy (Ancient Dukes). In base, below eagle, a 
small shield of arms : WtJRTEMBERG. 

Legend on two scrolls : — 

Sig' • mn.rimtliant • lElo • lac • tuOitii • InnflgratJiat^ • 
aUa (?) 



The Judicial Seal for the King's Fee. 

21,379. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impres- 
sion, i^ in. [xli. 139.] 

A shield of arms : GERMAN KINGDOM, betw. four shields 
of arms in cross alternated with as many briqjiets and cailloux 
of collar of the Order of the GoLDEN FLEECE. The arms are : 
I. Tirol, 2. Austria {Hausivappen), 3. a bend betw. six 
crowns, Alsatia, 4. Wurtemberg. 

S • FEODI • RE • MAXIMr • ARCH • AVSTRIE ■ WERTEMBVRG • 
CAM CIALE (0 



GERMANY: — JUDICIAL SEALS. I 55 



Small official Seal, used by MAXIMILIAN I., as Emperor elect, 

Kifig of Germany, Hungary, Dalinatia, and Croatia, 

Archduke of Austria, Dtike of Burgundy, Brabant, Stiria, 

CarintJiia, Carniola, Limburg, 
Luxemburg, and Gueldres, Count of Hapsburg, Flanders, etc. 

21,380. [a.D. 15 13.] Red: a fragment. [Egert. ch. 68.] 
The only design visible is part of a shield of arms of many 
quarterings, ensigned with a crown or coronet. 



CHARLES v., Emperor elect, etc. 

The Seal of the Judicial Chamber of the Holy Roman Empire, 
circ. A.D. 1 5 19-1530. 

21,381. Plaster cast, tinted green, from somewhat indistinct 
impression. 44- in. [xli. 146.] 

The design resembles that of No. 21,218, a briquet and 
caillojt, of collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, on 
each side of diadem. 

Legend in ornamental German capital letters of mixed 
character on scroll : — 

CAROLVS o Q o D = F o CLe » E <= RO « IMP ■> SP ■> AVG o AC » HISP ° 

VTRI'cg o SICI o HIER » Z = R6X o ARCHDVX <> 

AVST o DVX » BVRG <> ^ ■> SACRI IM^II « IV3I <> CAMER. 



MAXIMILIAN II., Emperor elect, etc. 

Seal for Judgment of the Chamber of the Holy Roman Empire, 
used circ. A.D. 1563-1575. 

21,382. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
4i in. _ [xli. 167.] 

An imperial double-headed eagle, displayed, with nimbi, 
and ensigned with diadem. On the breast a shield of arms 
as described in No. 21,238, ensigned with jewelled crown of 
five trefoils in sight, and encircled with collar of the Order of 
the Golden Fleece. Background diapered with arabesque 
foliage. 

Legend within two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— @ MAXIMILIANVS : SECVNDVS ■ DEI • GRATIA ■ 

ELECTVS • ROMANORVM • SEMPER • AVGVSTVS • 

GERMANIAE ■ HVNGARI>C ■ BOHEMI/E • DALMATI/E • CROATl/E • 

SCHLAVONI/E • ZC • REX. 



156 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



{.Inner circle) :— ® ARCHIDVX ■ AVSTRI^ ■ DVX • BVRGVNDI/t 

STIRI/E • CARINTHl/E ■ CARNIGL/E • 
WIRTEMBERG/E • ZC • COMES TYROLIS ■ ZC • PRO ■ SACRI 
IMPERII : IVDICIO : CAMER/E. 

Carved borders of foliage. 



LKOPOLD, Eviperor elect, etc. 

Seal for the Judgment of the Chamber of the 
Holy Roman Empire, used circ. A.D. 165 8- 1687. 

21,383. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 

4-i in. [xli. 194.] 

An imperial doublt-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi, 
and ensigned with diadem, charged on breast with carved 
oval shield of arms, as described in No. 21,382, ensigned with 
royal crown upheld by two angels seated on the carving, who 
also support in their exterior hands the ends of a collar of the 
Order of the GoLDEN Fleece. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— LEOPOLDVS • DEI • GRATIA • ELECT • 

ROMANORVM • IMPERATOR • 

SEMP • AVGVST • GERM • HVNGARIE • BOHEMI/E • DALMATI>C • 

CROATI/E ■ SCLAVON • ZC • REX. 

{Inner circle) :— ARCHID • AVSTR • DVX ■ BVRGVND ■ STIRI/E • 

CARINTHl/E • CARNIOL/C ■ Ex WIRTeMB ZC 

COM • TYR • ZC • PRO • SACRI • IMPERII • IVDITIO • CAMER/E. 

Carved borders of foliage. 



CHARLES v., Emperor, etc. 

The Seal for the Ditchies of Lothier, Brabant and Limburg, 
circ. A.D. 1 5 30-1 5 5 8. 

21,384. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct im- 
pression. 4i in. [xli. 152.] 

On a mount, the Emperor, as a duke, in armour of plate, 
armorially ornamented, (the arms being probably identical 
with those described lower down), and with plumed helmet, 
and sword held over head. Riding on a war-horse, springing 
to the left, caparisoned with the same arms quarterly. In 
field, and resting partly on inner edge or ringof legend, on each 
side two shields of arms : dex. i. AUSTRL\ {Hauswappen) ; 
2. Bohemia ; sin. 3. Brabant ; 4. a lion rampant, Limburg. 

S • CAROLI • Q • IMP • R ■ HISP • ZC : ARCHID' ■ AVSf • D I BVRG ■ 
ZC • PRO • DVCATIB' • LOTHAR • BRAB • LIMB. 
Some pairs of letters respectively conjoined. 

Cf. Uredius, Sig. Comm. Flandr., p. 171, erroneously drawn, and 
with a counterseal. 



GERMANY; — JUDICIAL SEALS. 157 

Royal and Imperial Mines, or " Bergwercks Direction" 

21,385. [iSth or 19th cent] Red: cracked, indistinct. 
\\ X I in. [xlix. 62.] 

Oval : an imperial double-headed eagle, displayed, with 
nimbi ; ensigned with imperial diadem, and holding sceptre 
and orb in its talons ; charged on breast with a shield of 
arms, ensigned with coronet of seven points and encircled 
with Collar of the Order of the GOLDEN FLEECE to which 
the badge is appended. The armorial bearings are : per pale, 
dex. Austria {Haiiswappen), sin. Lorraine. 

Si K ■ K ■ BERGWERCKS • PRUOBIRJTEN • VERSCHERBEN ■ 
DIRECTION (0 
Border of foliage. 



ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 



ARCHBISHOP OF TREVES, or TRIER 
(Augitsta Trevironini). 

BALDUYNUS OF LUXEMBURG, or LUETZELBURG. 

A.D. 1 307-1 354. 

21,386. [a.d. 1 3 17.] Bronze-green : fine, very imperfect. 
About 3^ X 2-^ in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 246.] 

0. Pointed oval : the Archbishop, full-face, with ecclesiastical 
vestments, richly embroidered and bordered, pallium orna- 
mented with several small crosses, [the bishop's head broken 
off] the r. h. lifted in the act of pronouncing benediction, in 
the 1. h. the long staff with a knop or boss, of a crozier, 
pastoral staff or cross, the upper part wanting : the 1. h. gloved 
and provided with a morse depending from the wrist. Seated 
on folding chair or throne covered with cloth, and having its 
sides terminated with animals' heads ; the feet on projecting 
platform or footboard. Background ornamented with fine 
minute reticulation or diaper lozengy on which are set [two] 
shields of arms : dex. broken away, sin. LUXEMBURG. 

: D6I : G 

B. A small round counterseal. \\ in. diam. A plain 
cross, not a shield, charged at intersection of pieces, with 
small shield of arms of LUXEMBURG as in obv. Background 
ornamented, as in obv. 

© S' : S D' : ARCHiePi : TReVeRGN'. 

Beaded borders. 



CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF TREVES. 
Seal of the Provost, Dean, and Chapter. 

21,387. [a.d. 1317.] Bronze-green: fine, very imperfect. 
About 2i in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 246.] 

p. The bust of the Virgin Mary, with headdress and 
nimbus, turned slightly to the r. h. side. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle, raised) : — S 

{Inner circle) : — g) SY 



GERMANY: — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 1 59 

R. A smaller round counterseal. i^ in. diam. The design 
broken away and of legend there only remains : — 
e< s I. 

{Sigillum Secret! f) 
Beaded border of rev. 



ARCHDEACONS. 
ROBINUS DE YSEMBURG, Corbischov, or Archdeacon. 

21,388. [a.D. 1346.] Light yellowish-brown or uncoloured : 
fine, imperfect. App. by strands of red silk. About 2|- x If 
in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12.733.] 

0. Pointed oval : the Chorepiscopus or Archdeacon of 
Treves, full-face, with vestments. Standing on a platform, 
and holding before his breast with both hands a closed book. 
On each side a wavy sprig of foliage and flowers. In base 
under flattened arch, a shield of arms : two bars, YSENBURG. 

S' R BVRCH • ARCHID [TReiVeRGNSIS. 

li A small round counterseal. iJ- in. diam. Four small 
shields of arms arranged in cross, their points towards the 
centre where a small quatrefoil flower is placed : i. two bars, 
YsENBURG, as in the obv. ; 2. an eagle displayed, Kingdom 
OF Germany ; 3. as I. ; 4. as 2. Within quatrefoiled panel, 
ornamented along inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

© [S] SeCR€TVM • ROBINI ■ D€ • YSeMBVRG ft 



RUPRECHT VON SARBRUCKEN, Chorbisschoff 
or Archdeacoti. 

Signet of Arms. 

21,389. [a.D. 1359.] Light-brown or uncoloured: very 
imperfect. About i-i- in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,735.] 

A shield of arms : a saltire within a bordure. Within a 
pointed quatrefoil panel 

AP0T6 ■ ARCHID (?) 



THE ECCLESIA MAJOR. 

Doin. EBERHARD OF HOHENFELS, or 
HOENFELS, Dean. 

21,390. [15th cent.] Dark-green: good, somewhat indis- 
tinct in parts. 2\xi-^ in. Originally set in a metal box, 



l6o CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

with plaited threads remaining, by which it was appended to a 
document, [xlviii. 43.] 

Pointed oval : St. Lawrence, with nimbus and ecclesiastical 
vestments, in the 1. h. his customary emblem, a gridiron, in 
the r. h. a book (.■'). Standing under a trefoiled canopy 
supported on two slender shafts, and topped with fleur-de-lis. 
In base or exergue a shield of arms : quarterly ; i. 4. a wheel, 
Mayence (?) ; 2. 3. billetty, an anchor inverted. 

S t fioni * cbcrijarSi » Dc * f)Ofnfds ; ;«.*»! S Decani * 
ctcl'ie t maior' * trcii * 



MUNSTER, in Diocese of Treves, or Cologne. 

CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF "STL MARTINI 
MONASTERIUM IN MEYNEVELT." 

Dean and Chapter. 

21,391. [a.D. 1305.] Dark-green: originally fine, very im- 
perfect. The matrix of this seal appears to be of the twelfth 
century. About 2-1- in. diam. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 231.] 

St. Martin, the Patron Saint, full-face, half-length, with 
cap-shaped mitre, pallium, ecclesiastical vestments ; in the 
r. h. a pastoral staff or crozier, the curve turned inwards, in 
the 1. h. an open book. Overhead a canopy with side turrets, 
very archaic in style. 

ARTIN . . . 



Church of GARDEN, /« the Diocese of Treves, 
Rhenish Prussia (?) 

Dam. John, Dean, "Judex uniais auctoritate apostolica 
cotistifutus in negotio " qnodam apud Meynevelt, {Main- 
vault, Hainaut, Belgitttti], 

21,392. [a.D. 1 3 17.] Dark-green ; a fragment. [Egert. ch. 

243-] 

Pointed oval : a figure of a Saint in ecclesiastical vest- 
ments, holding a book, standing in a trefoiled niche with 
carved canopy and architectural supports. Overhead the 
inscription S • COSTOS. 

Legend wanting, except the last few letters : — 
N€NSIS. 



GERMANY : — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. l6l 



ARCHBISHOP OF COLOGNE {Colonia), 
m Rhenish Prussia. 

HENRICUS DE VIRNENBURG. A.D. 1 304-1332. 

21,393. [a.D. 1314.] Brown or uncoloured : very imperfect. 
About 2i- X 3 in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 234.] 

Pointed oval : the Archbishop, habited in richly ornamented 
vestments ; in the 1. h. the long staff [of a crozier or cross], 
the r. h. lifted up [in benediction]. Seated on a chair-like 
throne covered with a diapered cloth, and having horn-shaped 
terminations at the sides, that on the 1. h. supporting or 
sustaining a small shield of arms : seven lozenges, the 
corresponding shield on the r. h. broken off. 

[C]OLONI 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 11,128 : Seal of this Henricus, as Archbishop Elect of 
Cologne, A.D. 1305, with counterseal bearing a shield of arms : " h. sept 
losanges posdes sur deux fasces, 4 et 3, brisees d'un lambcl.'' 



CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF ST. PETER. 

Seal ad Causas. 

21,394. [i2th cent.] Green : indistinct. Originally en- 
closed in a turned wooden case, and app. to a document now 
missing, by vellum labels. 2^ in. [1. 3.] 

A figure of St. Peter, the Patron Saint, full-face, half-length, 
with nimbus, holding obliquely in the r. h. two keys, his 
customary emblems, in the 1. h. a large cross. In a niche 
with trefoiled arch supported on slender columns, of the 
Byzantine style. 

SIGILLVM • COLONieNSIS • 6CCL6Sie • AD • CAVSAS. 



Hubert, Canoti. 

Seal, as Warden of the Goods of the Three Kings 
reposing in the Chnrch of St. Peter. 

21,395. [a.D. 1306.] Green: very imperfect. About 
li X I L in. when perfect. [Cott. ch. xv. 14.] 

Pointed oval : the " Adoration of Our Lord by the Magi or 
Three Kings." On the r. h., the Virgin seated and holding the 
Child, on the r. knee, on the 1. h. the three kings, one 
kneeling, two standing in profile, adoring the Child. 
[R;6GV[M] 

VOL. VL M 



1 62 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

COBLENZ, in Rhenish Prussia. 
Church of St. Castor. 

21.396. [a.d. 1315.] Bronze-green: a fragment. About 
2 in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 238.] 

Apparently part of figure of Patron Saint. In field on the 
r. h. side the inscription : — ^q^ 
Legend wanting. 

Gerlacus, Dean. 

21.397. [a.d. 1305.] Brown or uncoloured : chipped. 
2 X i| in. [Egert. ch. 230.] 

Pointed oval : the Dean, standing, full-face, in canonical 
habit, on an ornamental corbel or bracket 

. . . G'LACI • DeCANI • SCl • CASTORIS • T- COFLVGN . . . 
Beaded borders. 



Henricus, Precentor. 

21,398. [a.d. 1305.] Brown or uncoloured: chipped. 
i| X I in. [Egert. ch. 230.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, half-length, with the Child, 
in a niche, under a trefoiled arch with crocketed canopy 
crested with a fleur-de-lis, and open tabernacle work at the 
sides. In base, under a trefoiled arch, pointed, the Precentor, 
half-length, in profile to the r., in adoration. 

S' HGNRICI • CANTOR . . . CASTOR' • T ■ SFL'. 
Beaded borders. 



Fridericus, Arclideacon and Provost. 
Secretmn. 

21,399. [a.d. 1305.] Brown or uncoloured: slightly 

chipped. li in. [Egert. ch. 230.] 
A shield of arms : a saltire. 

* SeCRGTV • FRID6RICI • ARCHID'. 



SiFRiDUS, Chaplain. 

21,400. [a.d. 1 3 19.] Dark-green: good, the upper part 
chipped. About i,Ux-fJ, in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 250.] 



GERMANY: — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 1 63 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, crowned. Standing on 
platform, holding the Child on the r. arm. 

SIFRIDI • CAP€LL'I • S ■ CASTOR . . 

Beaded border. 



ARCHBISHOPS OF MAINZ, or MAYENCE, 
{Mogimtia, or Mogontia). 

CHRISTIANUS. A.D. 1167-1183. 

21,401. [a.D. 1 168.] Greenish-brown, semi-opaque. 3 in. 
Impressed on a thick mass en placard, outside diameter 4 in., 
showing position of handle of the matrix, and having a large 
rim of wax projecting above the impression all round. [Add. 

ch. 19,549-J 

The Archbishop, full-face, with pallium and ecclesiastical 
vestments, mitre, crozier in the r. h., with curve turned 
inwards, in the 1. h. an open book inscribed :— 

PAX VOB'. 

The prelate, seated on a folding stool or seat, the sides of 
which terminate with heads and claws of two lions. 

* CRISTIAN? • DT • GRA MAGVNTIN6 • SEDIS • ARCHiePC. 

The first C in Archiepc of the square form C 

Cf. Archaolog. Jour., pt. 43., art. by Sir F. Madden, K.H., ,ind W. S. 
Walford. 



PETER OF AICHSPALT. A.D. 1306- 1 320. 
" Sacri hnperii per Ge)-maniam Archicancellarius!' 

21.402. [a.D. 1316.] Bronze-green: fine, but very frag- 
mentary. App. by plaited red and yellowish-white silk 
strands. About 3| X 2^^ in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 240.] 

Pointed oval : the Archbishop, full-face, in richly em- 
broidered vestments, with mitre, pallium, [and crozier] lifting 
up the r. h. in the act of pronouncing benediction. Seated 
on chair-like throne, with diapered cloth covering ; the feet 
on a projecting corbel. 

SeD' ARCHieP I CANC6L' . . . 

21.403. [a.D. 1 318.] Brown: fragment of centre only. 
[Egert. ch. 248.] 

Only the body of figure remains. 



M 2 



1 64 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



HENRICUS DE VIRNENBURG. A.D. 1 328-1 346. 
" Sacri Imperii per Geniianiani Arckicancellarius." 
21,404. [a.D. 1341.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
3f X 2| in. [cxxxi. 47.] 

Pointed oval : the Archbishop, with ecclesiaftical vestments, 
mitre, pallium charged with seven crosses. Betw. two shields 
of arms : dex. a wheel, Mayenge ; sin. seven lozenges, four 
and three. Cf No. 21,393. 

NRICI ■ Dei • GRA • see ■ MAGVNTI . . SAC • IM.PII • g ■ 

GeRMANI/. . . . GHIGANG . . . 

The letters AN, occurring twice, united as monograms. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,056, where the legend is e.\plained as Sacri Imperii 
Principis, Germanice archicancellarii. 



GERLACUS OF NASSAU. A.D. 1 346-1 371. 

" Sacri Imperii per Germaniam Arckicancellarius." 
Secretum. 

21,405. [a.D. 1358.] Dark-green : imperfect. About i^ in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,395.] 

The Archbishop, full-face, with ecclesiastical vestments. 
Standing with mitre and crocketed crozier cun-ed outwards, 
lifting up the r. h. in the act of pronouncing benediction. 
Betw. two shields of arms : dex. a wheel, Mayence ; sin. a 
lion rampant, NASSAU. 

[S6CJR6TV ■ GGRLACI MA 



THEODORIC OF BREACH, (t:(?//t'(/ PiNCERNA, Zw-f/t/ 
Erbach or Eri'ACH). a.d. 1434-1459. 

" Des Hceligen Roviischen Rycks in Dutsckcnlandein 
Ertzca7itzler." 

21,406. [a.D. 1437.] Virgin wa.x or uncoloured : fine. 4J- 
X 2f in. [Add. ch. 15,901.] 

Pointed oval : the Archbishop, full-face, with mitre and 
ecclesiastical vestments, in the r. h. a long cross, in the 1. h. 
an open book. Seated on folding throne covered with diapered 
cloih, and having its sides terminated with animals' heads. 
Feet on a projecting footboard. Background finely diapered 
or hatched. Betw. two shields of arms set obliquely : dex., 
a wheel, SEE OF M.VYENCE ; sin. per fess three mullets, two 



GERMANY: — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 165 

and one [countercharged], Erpach. In base, below foot- 
board, a representation of a lion couchant (?) 

+ ^igtlluin t tljfoB . . . fanrtc t maguntinc t 

fcDis J ardjtcpt t 

facri J imperii t per S gnmaniam t arrijicanrcllarit. 



JOHANNES PHILIPPUS OP SCHOENBORN. 

A.D. 1 647- 1 67 3. 

" Sacri Romajii Imperii per Gerinaniani Arcliicancdlariiis, 
Princeps Elector, etc!' 

21.407. [a.d. 1648.] Sulph. cast from good, somewhat 
indistinct, impression, if in. [cxxvii. 313.] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms : a cross, per cross, 
with ; 1,4. Mayence ; 2. emaiich^ ; 3. a banner flag in 
bend, charged quarterly, etc., over all an escutcheon per fess 
indented, in chief, a lion passant. Ensigned with coronet or 
cap of the archchancellorship. Behind shield, an archbishop's 
cross, and in saltire, a sword and crozier or pastoral staff 

S' • 10 • PHILIP • S ■ E ■ MOG • ARCHIEP • S • R • 1 • P ■ 

GER • ARGHICANC • PRINC • 

ELECT ■ EPI • HERB • ET TRA • OR ■ DVG (0 

Legend doubtful in several places. 

21.408. Another sulph. cast of the seal, as described in 
No. 21,407. [cx.xix. 263.] 

D'Arcq, No. 11,057. 



CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF ST. MARTIN. 
DEAN AND CHAPTER. 

21,409. [a.d. 1437.] Virgin wax or uncoloured : fine, 
chipped at edge. Matrix of 12th cent. l\ x 2f in. [Add. 
ch. 15,901.] 

Pointed oval : St. Martin, the Patron Saint, full-face, with 
radiant nimbus, mitre, pall, and ecclesiastical vestments ; in 
the r. h. a pastoral staff or crozier, the curve turned inwards, 
in the 1. h. an open book. Seated on a folding throne with 
sides terminated in heads and feet of animals, his feet on a 
rectangular footboard or platform. On each side, in small 
niche or window, with arched top, an angel's head. 

© SCS ■ MARTINVS • SC€ • MAGVNTING ■ SCDIS ■ PATRONVS. 



l66 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



CHURCH OF FRANKFORT, or FRANKENVORDEN, 

{Frankfort-on-the-Maiii). 

HUGO MERSELLUS, Provost, and Ca7wn of Mainz. 

21.410. [14th cent.] Red: injured by pressure, indistinctly 
impressed. 24- X i| in. [Add. ch. 27,545.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, standing, and holding the 
Child on the 1. arm, with figure of Provost kneeling to the 1. 
before them, supported by a saint with nimbus and knife 
(perhaps representing St. Bartholomew, whose emblem is a 
large flaying-knife), standing on the 1. h. side, with the initial 
letters S'. B'. {Sanctiis Bartholonicens), over his head. Within 
a carved niche with arcade of four pointed arches and canopy 
of church-like architectural details, supported on slender open 
tabernacled work. In base, on a shield of arms : a cross 
pattt'e vair, cantoned with four fleurs-de-lis. 

S' HVG • MGRSeLLI • PPOI ■ 6CCe • FRANKeNVORD€N • 

CAN' • MOGVNTIN'. 

It is difficult to account for the appension of an impression 
of this seal to a document belonging to Exeter, co. Devon, 
dated A.D. 1254, except it be due to some artifice on the part 
of those having access to the document. The cathedral 
church of Frankfort is dedicated to St. Bartholomew, who 
appears, in this seal, to be the Patron Saint of the Provost, 
and to be bringing him under notice of the Virgin Mary. 

21.411. Plaster cast from another impression, with some 
of the details in more distinct condition than in above, 
[cxxxvii. J'&?\ 

S' HVG • MGRSeLLI • PPOI ■ eCCe • FRANK6NVORD6N • 
CAN' • MOGVNTIN'. 



Seal of the Church ad cansas. 
21,412. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix. 2 in. [xlix. ']6?[^ 

St. Bartholomew the Apostle, full-face, with nimbus, half- 
length ; in the r. h. his emblem a flaying-knife, in the 1. h. a 
book ; loose dress with embroidered collar. 
Legend in ornamental capital letters : — 

* S' eCCe • IN • FRANKGNFORT • AD : CAVSAS. 
Beaded borders. 



GERMANY : — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 167 

DIOCESE OF "VIOBMS, in tfie Archbishopric of Mainz. 

CATHEDRAL OF ST. PETER. 

Provost, Dean, and Chapter. 

21,413. [a.d. 1196.] Virgin wax or uncoloured : indistinct 
in parts, edge chipped. 2f in. [Add. ch. 6303.] 

St Peter the Apostle, full-face, three-quarters length, with 
nimbus, pallium, and vestments ; in the r. h. two keys his 
customary emblems, in the 1. h. an open book. 

© TV ■ PETRE • C CCUAVIB' • ISTIS ■ E XNDIS. 

Perhaps the remains of a distich of hexameter verse. 



Provost. 



PREDERICH VON LYNINGEN, Dumprobst 
sii IVorviesse. 

21,414. [a.d. 1334.] Light brownish-white or uncoloured. 
App. by threads of green silk. 2\ X i|-in. [Add. ch. 12,731.] 

Pointed oval : St Peter, full-face, with nimbus, key, and 
book, standing in a niche, with canopy crocketed and pin- 
nacled. Background diapered with wavy sprigs of foliage. 
In base, a shield of arms : three eagles displayed, two and 
one, for Leiningen, 

S' ■ FRIDeRICl ■ De ■ LYNING6N • PR6P0SITI • ecce • WORM'. 



MONASTIC SEALS. 



CLEVE, or CLEVES, in Rhenish Prussia. 
Chantry of St. Anne. 

21.415. [Late 15th cent.] Sulph. cast from matrix, i-i- in. 
[Ixiv. 38.] 

On a platform or terrasse, St. Anne, standing, with flowing 
robes and horn-shaped head-dress on the 1. h., and on the r. h. 
the Virgin Mary, with nimbus, holding the Child (also with 
nimbus) on the r. arm. Background replenished with wavy- 
sprigs of foliage. Below, a shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. 
tiered in pale, over all harry of eight ; 2, 3. three bars, over all 
a bend. 

Siatll • cantanc • fee • annc • Dc • rlrbtis. 

Carved border. 

21.416. Another sulph. cast from good impression or 
matrix. [D.C., G. ^l^^ 

Engraved in Gentleman^ s Magazine, vol. Ix., p. 116. 



COBLENZ, Chnreh of St. Mary the Virgin. 

21,417. [a.d. 1305.] Light-brown, or uncoloured. About 
I in. when perfect. [EgerL ch. 230.] 
A double rose, en soleil, of five leaves. 

SIG MAR' • r • CO 

Beaded border. 



COBLENZ, Chnreh of St. Mary and St. Florinus. 
Common Seal. 

21,418. [a.d. 1302.] Bronze-green : fine, very imperfect. 
About 3i X 2^ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,727.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, turned slightly to the 1., 
with robes, mantle, crown of three fleurs-de-lis and nimbus. 
Seated on a carved throne, with her feet on projecting plat- 
form or corbel : in the r. h. a small ball or orb, on the 1. 
knee the Child seated, with cruciferous nimbus. Betw. two 



GERMANY : — MONASTIC SEALS. l6g 

Standing saints, each with nimbus : the one on the r. holds a 
book, probably St. Florinus, the Patron Saint ; the one on the 
1. is lifting up the r. h. in adoration. In base, below corbel, 
an ornament of five slipped trefoils. 
[S5] s' etcce • Be o marig • sclqj • florini nflvenc . . 

The letters AR in Marie, and VE in Conflventia respec- 
tively conjoined. 

Beaded border. 

21,419. [a.d. 1395-1396.] Recent impression in gutta- 
percha from good but imperfect impression, [xliii. 185.] 
. . s' ecce • Be • MARie • sciq . . . orini nci . . . 



DEAN. 
THILMANNUS DE DYEZE. 

21.420. [a.d. 1 3 18.] Light-brown, discoloured : chipped. 
About 2 X l-nr in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 249.] 

Pointed oval : St. Florinus the Patron Saint, full-face, 
three-quarters length, with nimbus, mitre (?), long cross, and 
book, in a trefoiled niche. Below, under a trefoiled, round- 
headed arch, the Dean, in profile to the r. kneeling in 
adoration. 

s' • TH • DecAMi • ecce • s • florini • r- sflvca. 

21.421. [a.D. 1318.] Another: dark-brown: very im- 
perfect. [Egert ch. 249.] 

AMI • e LORINI . . . 



Confraternity, or Guild of the Anmmciation of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary. a.d. 1592. 

21,422. Recent impression in red sealing-wax, from matrix. 
14 X i^- in. [xliii. 141.] 

Oval : the Virgin Mary, standing, with the Child on the r. 
arm ; each with nimbus. Within niche, with trefoiled arch, 
canopy, and side work, of late style, on bracket or corbel, 
ornamented with three spherical pendentives. 

© SIG ■ SODAL ■ B ■ M • VIRG • ANNVN • CONFLVENTIN/G • 
ANNO • 92. 



170 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

COLOGNE, Convent of St. Gereon, Duke and Martyr. 

21.423. [13th cent] Recent impression in gutta-percha, 
gilded, from original matrix preserv-ed in the Department of 
British and Mediaeval Antiquities. 3|X2| in. [xxxvii. 2.j 

Pointed oval : the Patron Saint of the Convent, St. Gereon, 
standing on small mount or platform, full-face, curled hair, 
habited as a duke, with toque cap, tunic, long mantle fastened 
at neck, sword girt to his belt, a long lance with banner and 
two streamers held erect in the r. h., in the 1. h. a palm branch 
of martyrdom, and a tall, convex shield, ornamented with 
metal bands in cross and saltire, ten styds, and a bordure. 
CONVGNT' ■ SCI • GEREONIS ■ DVCIS • ET MR. 

Beaded border. 

Cf. Add. MS. 27,345, fol. 48. 

21.424. Another impression in gutta-percha, gilded, [xlvii. 
482.] 

Laing^s MS. Catal., No. 411. 



CULM, or KULM, in Bohemia. 
Convent of Preaching Friars. 

21.425. [14th cent.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
■2\ X If in. [D.C., E. l■]^, 

Pointed oval : standing figures of St. Paul on the 1. with 
sword and book, St. Peter on the r. with long cross and key, 
full-face, under a trefoiled arch with fleur>' pinnacle. Below 
the Saints a full-face bust, with long hair, couped at the neck, 
wearing a crown fleury. 

S' CQMV6TVS • FRM • PReOICATORV • CVLM6M : 

Beaded borders. 

21.426. Another sulph. cast, [xlvii. 485.] 
Laing's MS. Catal., No. 37;. 



EICHSTADT, in Bavaria. 
A bbess and Convent of St. Walbnrga. 
21,427. [14th cent] Sulph. mould from original matri.x. 
2-1- in. [xlvii. 539.] 

The patron saint of the Convent, St Walburga the Virgin, 
daughter of St Richard, king and martyr, half-length, turned 
slightly to the r. h., with long hair, flowing robes, mantle 



GERMANY: — MONASTIC SEALS. 17I 

fastened over neck with quatrefoil fermail, the quatrefoil 
ornament also employed on borders of the robes ; jewelled 
crown of three large, alternated with two smaller fleurs, and 
engrailed nimbus ; palm branch of martyrdom in the r. h., in 
the 1. h. an open book. The saint stands in hexagonal pulpit, 
ornamented with carving into the design of which the quatre- 
foil enters ; on the front panel thereof a shield of arms : 
three lions passant guardant in pale. On two scrolls or straps, 
with buckling ends running round the figure, the inscription 
in ornamental capital letters : — 

SANCTA WALBVRGA. 
Legend also in ornamental capital letters : — 
<3> SIGILLVM «> ABBATISSe ® CT «> CONVGNTVS @ IN ® 6ISTeT @ 
Laiiig's MS. Catal., No. 418. 

21,428. Recent impression in gutta-percha, from matrix, 
[li. II.] 



GEORGENTHAL, in Bohemia (?). 

Seal of the Convent of the Church of the Blessed Mary 
^////^ VALLEY OF ST. GEORGE. 

21.429. [13th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from matri.x. 2-,%- in. [xxxv. 365.] 

In the upper part the Virgin Mary, the Patroness, full-face, 
with crown, nimbus, and sceptre fleury, holding the Child 
standing by her 1. side, and seated on a carved throne. The 
Child bears cruciferous nimbus and orb or mound sur- 
mounted with a cross. Betw. two trees. Beneath a large 
trefoiled arch across the centre of the seal, St. George, 
eponymic saint of the locus, in armour on a horse, with 
nimbus ; shield, lance-flag, and horse's caparisons charged 
with a cross. Before him, a body of five nuns kneeling in 
adoration. Behind the saint, an eagle displayed, in allusion 
to the ancient arms of the Kingdom of Germany. The face 
of matrix appears to have been injured by drilling five holes 
into it. 

© S' : COV6T9 : eCGL'ie : BG : MARIG : VALL' : SC] : G60RGII. 

Beaded borders. 

21.430. Another impression : red. [cxxx. 8.] 



172 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

GRIES, in Tirol, Austria. 
Convent of the Porta Clausa Sanctce Maries. 
Chapter Seal. 
21,431. [a.D. 1768.] Light-brown or uncoloured : very- 
indistinct Set in a turned wooden box, lid missing. \\ in. 
[Add. ch. 16,316.] 

The Virgin Mary, the Patron Saint, full-face, with long hair, 
three-quarters length, with crown and sceptre fleury, the 
Child on the 1. knee ; on the lintel of a gateway, provided 
with a round-headed doorway closed, and barred, " Porta 
Clausa'' having folding doors with large hinges ; masonry at 
the sides ; and two side columns with turrets. Betw. two 
wavy sprigs of foliage. 
Legend on scroll : — 

SIGIL PORT/E • CLAVS/€ .... IN • GRIECS]. 



Albert Martin, Provost. 

" Infnlirter Probst nnd Regirender Prcelat des Gotts-hajiss 

der Verslosszenen Porten V. E. Franen zn Grics." 

21,432. [a.D. 1768.] Red: very indistinct. Set in a 
turned wooden box, lid missing, i^ in. [Add. ch. 16,316.] 

The Virgin Mary, full-face, with crown and sceptre, the 
Child on the r. arm. Standing in a canopied niche with shell 
back supported on two columns. At each side, on carved 
brackets on projecting cabrioles, a saint, standing, the one on 
the I. holding a pastoral staff or crozier. In base, a shield of 
arms : a chief, etc., illegible for the most part. 

ALBERTVS ■ [MARTIN]VS • PR/EPOSKTVS] • AD ■ PORTAM • 
[CLAVSAM • B' •] MARI/E • V • I ■ GRIES. 



HEIDELBERG. 

Guild of the Holy Cross (?) 

21.433. [a.D. 1623.] Brownish-green, indistinct. iJ- in. 
Enclosed in a turned wooden box, lid missing, if in. diam. 
[Harl. ch. Ill B. 5.] 

On a mount a long cross trefoiled. On the r. h. side a 
shield of arms : lozengy in bend, HEIDELBERG (?) 
Legend on ornamental scroll : — 

TOMAS • WILGR • VDGWILeR ■ RVPPEWlLe • MILSAN. 

21.434. Sulph. cast, from No. 21,431. [D.C., H. 182.] 



CERMANY : — MONASTIC SEALS. 173 

MUNICH, in Bavaria. 
Fraternity of Priests in the Church of St. Peter. A.D. 1483. 

21,435. Sulph. cast from indistinct impression, i^ x i^ in- 
[xlvii. 636.] 

Pointed oval : St Peter, the Patron Saint of the Church, 
full-face, with triple tiara, nimbus, robes, mantle fastened over 
breast ; in the r. h. a book, in the 1. h. his customary emblem, 
a key. Seated beneath a canopy of carved architectural 
work. On each side, a group of members of the Fraternity. 

S' jFratcrnttat' • farcrUotu • ccl'e • S • pctri • 
monact • irss «< 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 456. 



RULINSWERDE, or ROLANDSWERTH, opposite tlie 

Island of Nonnenwerth in the R. Rhine, in Germany. 

Seal of the Convent of the Virgin Mary. 

21,436. [13th cent] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from brass matrix. 2|- in. [cxxxvii. 86.] 

The Virgin Mary with the Child on the 1. arm ; standing, 
turned slightly to the 1. h. on platform or corbel. 

® S'GILLVM C0NV6NTVS IN RVLlNSWeRDG. 

Beaded borders. 



SPIRES, or SPEYER, in Bavaria. 
Seal of the " Conventus Fratrum Majoris Ecclesice." 

21,437. [A.D. 1253.] Light-brown: imperfect indistinct 
Archaic style, matrix probably older than deed. 2^ in. 
[Add. ch. 6304.] 

The Virgin Mary, with nimbus, and ample drapery and 
mantle, full-face. Seated on chair-like throne ; in the r. h. a 
sceptre fleury ; on the 1. knee the Child. Across the field the 

word Al MA. 

[F3RATRVM : MAIORIS : G 



An uncertain Conventual Church. 
Seal of the C/iapter. 

21,438. [A.D. 1253.] Light-brown: indistinct, chipped. 
2i- X 14- in. [Add. ch. 6304.] 

Pointed oval : the Patron Saint (a bishop or abbot), full- 
face, with nimbus, pastoral staff or crozier in the 1. h., the 



174 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

cur\-e being turned inwards, the r. h. lifted up in the act of 
pronouncing benediction, seated on a chair-like throne. 

[* S'j • CAPITVLI : eCCUeSie : ANl : IN : SPIR'. 



Church of St. Guido or Wido. 
Seal of the Chapter. 

21.439. [a.D. 1253.] Light-brown : indistinct, chipped. 
2A X 14- in. [Add. ch. 6304.] 

Pointed oval : Guido or Guy, the Patron Saint, full-face, 
with nimbus, and crozier or pastoral staff, the curve turned 
inwards. Standing on a platform. On the r. h. side three 
fleurs-de-lis slipped, issuing from border, which is ornamented 
with small spurs or palm shoots. 

© SIGILLVM : CAPITVLI : SCI : GVIDONIS : SPIRGN'. 

Secretnni of the Chapter. 

21.440. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix in possession (1844) of Evelyn Shirley, 
Esq., M.P. li in. [xxxvi. 168.] 

St. John the Evangelist, standing, turned slightly to the 
r. h. side, with nimbus, mantle fastened with a cinquefoil 
fermail on the breast, and robes ; in the 1. h. a book on which 
is an eagle rising. Background replenished with small crosses. 
Coarse work. 

® Sfctu • r."n>lt • tiit • Sri • toiDoTs • Spirn. 

Beaded borders. 

Cf. Lehmanni, Chronica Spirensia, Frankf., 1698, fol., p. i"] b. 



An uncertain Conventual Church. 

21,441. [A.D. 1253.] Light-brown : very imperfect. About 
2 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 6304.] 

A monastery, or church, with a gable end, pent roof, and 
tall tower ; doorway with round-headed arch, and windows of 
early form. This design is of much interest by way of 
illustrating details of early German monastic architecture. 

Legend broken off. 



TREVES, in Prussia. 



Monastery of the Virgin Mary, "ad Mres prope viuros 
Trevirenses, Ordinis Sancti Benedicti." 
21,442. [a.D. 13 16.] Bronze-green: fine, imperfect. 2| in. 
Matrix of twelfth century. [Egert. ch. 242.] 



GERMANY: — MONASTIC SEALS. 1/5 

The Patron Saint, the Virgin Mary (represented after the 
Byzantine style), with flowing robes. Seated in profile to the 
]., the Child on the 1. knee. The large proportions of the 
Child, and his cruciferous nimbus are of interest. 
RIE • AD • MONACHOCS]. 



Convent of Preaching Friars. 

21.443. [13th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix found in the garden of Sturry Vicarage near 
Canterbury in 1843. i|Xi-Vin. [xxxvi. 180.] 

Pointed oval : Our Lord, full-face, with jewelled nimbus, 
lifting up the r. h. in the act of pronouncing a benediction, 
in the 1. h. a book. Seated on cushioned throne with pro- 
jecting footboard. 

S« S' • 9V6NT5 ■ FRATRV ■ P'DICATOR ■ D6 TRIV6RV. 

Beaded borders. 

21.444. Sulph. cast from matrix. [Ixi. 28.] 

21.445. Recent impression in red sealing-wax, from matrix. 

[CXXX. 12.] 



Hospital of the Order of St. John of Jernsalem. 
Seal of the Commendator and Brethren. 

21,446. [a.d. 1315.] Dark-green: fine, imperfect, if in. 
[Add. ch. 26,793.] 

A shield of arms : a cross of the Order of St. John, hatched 
or fretty, perhaps by way of indicating the tincture. Above 
the shield an estoile of six points. 

S' CO • HOSPIT • SCI • lOHIS • 

DOM' • TR 



ULM, i)i Wiirtemberg, 

Doimis Sancta Maria Theutonicorum. 

21,447. [13th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from brass matrix, i^ in. [cxxxvii. 87.] 

A representation of the " Coronation of the Virgin Mary." 

© S : DOMVS : S' MARIE : THeVTHVNICOR ■ IN • VLMA. 
Beaded borders. 



176 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



VALLIS ROSARUM, al. ROSENTHAL. 

A bbey in the Diocese of Treves, Prussia. 
Irmegarde von Schonenberg, Abbess. 

21,448. [A.D. 1 3 19.] Dark-green : fragmentary. About 
IfX \\ in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 250.] 

Pointed oval : the Abbess, in her conventual robes, holding 
up a book in the 1. h., [in the r. h. a pastoral staff.']. In the 
field on the 1. h. side two estoiles. 

.... [A]BATISS[E] 

Beaded borders. 



VALINDER, or VALLENDAR, Priory in Rhenish Prussia. 
Seal of the Prior. 

21,449. [a.d. 1319.] Bronze-green: only a small fragment. 
[Egert. ch. 251.] 

Pointed oval : only the legs and feet of the Patron Saint 
en a platform. 

PRIOR' e 

Beaded borders. 



WLFIRSBERG, or WOLFSBERG, in Carinthia, 
Church or Monastery of St. Peter. 
21,450. [13th cent] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from brass matrix. 2 X I-V 'i- [cxxxvii. 88.] 

Pointed oval : St. Peter the Apostle, with tonsure and 
nimbus. Seated on bench-like throne with projecting foot- 
board ; in the 1. h. two keys, in the r. h. a long cross. Back- 
ground lozengy, with reticulated pattern. 

§< siGiL' ■ eccL' • B'l • per • in • wlfirsbgrg. 
Beaded borders. 



Unidentified CONVENT OF ST. KATHARINE, 

in Germany. 

21,451. [13th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from brass matrix. 2 X i-^- in. [cxxxvii. 89.] 

Pointed oval : St. Katharine, full-face, crowned, in the 1. h. 
a wheel, in the r. h. a sword piercing the head of a demon 
beneath her feet. Background diapered lozengy with small 
cinquefoil in each interstitial space. 

e< S' * CONVeNTVS • S' • katgrine « 

Beaded borders. 



GERMANY : — MONASTIC SEALS. I77 

Seal of a German Monastery (?). 

21.452. [i6th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix. \\ in. [cxxx. 19.] 

A female saint, crowned, standing on a mount and holding 
a flower. Before her an angel kneeling, holding sceptre or 
lance. 

Legend on two scrolls : — 

(I.) SANT eCWR. 
(2.) SANT IHOS. 

21.453. Another, [cxxx. 20.] 

An 7tncertain Abbey in Germany. 
John, Abbot. 

21.454. [15th cent] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. \\ in. [cxxx. 18.] 

St. John the Evangelist, full-face, three-quarters length, 
with nimbus, in the 1. h. a chalice, the r. h. elevated towards 
it in the act of pronouncing a benediction. 

S' • be • p • • toljis • abbatts • riftnDnr. 

{Sigillum vciterabilis patris domini Johannis Abbatis Cisindencis ?) 



VOL. VL N 



MILITARY ORDERS. 



ORDER OF ST. STEPHEN OF HUNGARY. 

FERDINAND I., Emperor of Austria, etc. 

Grand Master. 

21,455. {circ. A.D. 1835, 1836.] Sulph. cast from good 
impression. 41 in. [xli. 22S.] 

An Imperial double-headed eagle, each head crowned, dis- 
played, ensigned with imperial diadem, in the r. claw a 
sceptre and sword, in the 1. claw an orb or mound surmounted 
by a cross. Charged on the breast with a shield of arms, of 
eight grand quarters, of which the detailed bearings have all 
been described in the foregoing class of Imperial seals, but 
the arrangement varies .considerably. Here the order is as 
follows: — 1st grand quarter, quarterly of five pieces, two in 
chief, three in base ; i. MoRAVIA ; ii. SiLESiA ; iii. UPPER 
LusATiA ; iv. Duchy of Teschen ; v. Lower Lusatia ; 
over all an escutcheon charged with the arms of BOHEMIA, 
ensigned with its proper crown royal. (For this quarter see 
No. 21,292, 3rd grand quarter.) 2nd grand quarter, tierct' en 
pal, i. Hapsburg ; ii. Austria {Hauswappen) ; iii. LoRRAiNE. 
(For this quarter see the escutcheon over all in No. 21,292.) 
3rd grand quarter, quarterly of ten pieces ; four, two, and 
four ; i. Austria-above-the-Enns ; ii. Salzburg ; iii. 
Stiria ; iv. Teutonic Order ; v. Tirol ; vi. per pale, 
dex. Principality of Trent, j/«. Principality of Brixen ; 
vii. C0UNT.S of Hohenembs ; viii. Counts of Feldkirch ; 
ix. Counts of Bregenz ; x. Counts of Sonnenberg, 
overall an escutcheon charged with the arms of AusTRiA- 
BELOW-THE-Enns, ensigned with its proper archducal coronet. 
(For this quarter, see No. 21,292, 2nd grand quarter.) 4th 
grand quarter, per fess, or coiipt', the chief per pale, dex. 
Galicia, sin. LODOMIRIA, the base, BOSNIA. 5th grand 
quarter, per fess, or coiipj, the chief Transsylvania, the 
base Raszia. 6th grand quarter, quarterly ; i. TusCANY ; 
ii. MoDENA ; iii. Parma and Piacenza ; iv. Guastalla ; 
over all an escutcheon charged with the arms of per pale, 
dex. Milan, sin. Venice, ensigned with a crown or coronet. 
(For this quarter see No. 21,292, 6th grand quarter.) 7th 
grand quarter, quarterly of eight pieces, two, three, and 



GERMANY : — MILITARY ORDERS. 179 

three ; i. Jerusalem ; ii. Castile ; iii. Leon ; iv. Aragon ; 
V, The Indies ; vi. Sicily ; vii. Calabria ; viii. (?) Anjou. 
(For this quarter, see No. 21,292, 5th grand quarter.) 8th 
grand quarter, quarterly of ten pieces, four, four, and two ; 
i. Carinthia ; ii. Carniola, or Ekrain ; iii. WlNDlsCH- 
MARK ; iv. Frioul ; v. Trieste ; vi. Marquisate of Istria ; 
vii. Gradiska ; viii. GORZ, or GORICIA ; ix. Ragusa ; x. 
Cattaro, the point enti? with Zara ; over all an escutcheon 
charged with the arms of Illyria, ensigned with an antique 
crown. Over all an escutcheon of smaller dimensions quar- 
terly of six quartering?, three and three ; i. D.\LMATIA ; ii. 
Croatia ; iii. Sclavonia ; iv. Servia ; v. Cumania ; vi. 
SWABIA. Over all, in turn, an escutcheon of still smaller 
dimensions, charged with per pale, dex. HUNGARY (Ancient), 
sin. Hungary (Modern). 

The large shield ensigned with the crown of St. Stephen 
and encircled with the collar of that Order, enclosing four other 
collars, the centre of them being that of the Golden Fleece. 

FERDINANDVS • I • D • F • CL • AUST • IMP ■ HUNG ■ ET ■ BOH • 

H • N • V • DALM • CROAT • SLAV • &c ■ 

REX • APOST • AD • AUST ■ DVX • LOTH • &c ■ COM ■ HABS • &c ■ 

GRDINIS ■ S • STEPHANI ■ REG • A • MAGNUS MAGISTER. 

Carved border of foliage. 



ORDER OF LEOPOLD. 

FERDINAND I., Emperor of Austria, etc. 
Grand Master. 

21,456. \circ. A.D. 1S36.] Plaster cast, tinted green, from 
good impression. 4^ in. [xli. 229.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : an Imperial double-headed 
eagle displayed, each head crowned, holding sceptre, sword, 
and orb as before. Ensigned with imperial diadem ; sup- 
porters, two griffins. The eagle charged on the breast with a 
large escutcheon of arms, girt with the collars of the Orders 
of St. Stephen, Maria Theresia, The Golden Fleece, 
Leopold, etc. The bearings of the escutcheon for the most 
part resemble those of the previous seal, No. 21,455, but 
differently marshalled, viz. eight grand quarters, three, two, 
and three; 1st grand quarter, quarterly; i. Dalmatia, 
ii. Croatia, iii. Sclavonia, iv. Transsylvania ; over all an 
escutcheon charged with the arms of per pale, dex. HUNGARY 
(Ancient), sin. Hungary (Modern), ensigned with the 
crown of St. Stephen : 2nd grand quarter, resembles the 3rd 

N 2 



l8o CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

grand quarter of the preceding seal, No. 21,455 ; 3rd grand 
quarter resembles the 1st grand quarter of the preceding 
seal. No. 21,455 ; 4th grand quarter, quarterly of five pieces, 
two and three ; i. Cumania, ii. Bosnia, iii. en a bend 
bordered and cotised, a wolf passant, Bulgaria ; iv. Servia, 
V. Raszia ; 5th grand quarter resembles the 7th grand 
quarter of the preceding seal, No. 21,455 ; 6th grand 
quarter resembles the 6th grand quarter of the preceding 
seal, No. 21,455 ! 7th grand quarter resembles the 8th grand 
quarter of the preceding seal, No. 21,455 ! ^th grand quarter, 
per fess, or cpii/>t', in chief, LODOMIRIA, the base per pale, dex. 
an eagle displayed, sin. an eagle displayed, these two coats 
for Cracovia, Auschwitz and Zator, over all an 
escutcheon charged with a trangle or barrulet bctw. in chief 
a crow, in base three ancient crowns, two and one, Galicia, 
ensigned with coronet. Over all an escutcheon, tiered en pal, 
i. Hapsburg, ii. Austria {Hauszvappoi), iii. Lorraine. 

FERDINAND • 1 • KAIS • V • OEST ■ KON ■ V • HVNG • U • BOHM ■ 

D • N ■ D ■ V • KON • D • LOM • VEN • DAL • CRO ■ SLAV • 

GAL ■ LOD • U • ILLYR ■ ERZH • V • OEST • HERZ • V ■ LOT • SALZ • 

& & D ■ OEST ■ KAIS • LEOPOLD ORDENS GROESS MEJISTER. 

{Ferdinand I. Kaiser von Oesterreieli, Konig von Hungarn u>id Biih- 

vicn, dieses Namens der fiinfte, Konig der Lonibardei, Venezien, Dalma- 

iien, Croatien, Slavonien, Galicien, Lodomirien und Illyrie, Erzherzog 

I'on Oesterreich, Herzog von Lothringen, Salzbomg, &^c., &=€., des 

Oesterreichischen Kaiserlichen Leopold-ordens Grosstneister.) 



LOCAL SEALS. 

DUCHY OF ANHALT, 

Legation to the Bundestag. 
Letter Seal. 

21,457. Recent impression in red sealing-wax from matrix. 
i-iS^Xiiin. [xlix. 49.] 

On a mantle lined ermine, bunched up at the sides with 
cords and tassels, and ensigned with a royal crown, a shield 
of arms of eleven quarterings, three, two, three and three, of 
the Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg : i. barruly, a crancelin, 
Saxe ; 2. an eagle displayed, WESTPHALIA ; 3. three boute- 
rolles, chapes or nenuphar leaves, Angria ; 4. a crenellated 
wall bendwise to the sinister, on the crenellations a bear 
passant, contourne, crowned and collared ; 5. barruly, Ba- 
LIENSTEDT ; 6. chequy of twelve pieces, COUNTS OF As- 
CANIA ; 7. quarterly ; COUNTS OF Waldersee ; 8. two bars 
sinister, Counts of Warnsdorf ; 9. an eagle displayed, the 
head contowni!, COUNTS OF MUHLINGEN ; 10. plain, " a 
cause des droits regaux " ; 12. a crenellated wall bendwise, on 
the crenellations a bear passant, collared, LORDS OF Bern- 
BURG ; over all, a small escutcheon charged with the arms of 
Anhalt (Modern), viz. per pale dex. an eagle displayed, 
dimidiated, sin. Saxe, as before. 

The legend or inscription in base is in four lines : — 

HERZOGL : ANHALT _ SCHE : GESANDSCH : _ 
AM. BVNDES _ TAGE. 



AUGSBURG, in Bavaria. 
Secretum of the Citizens. 

21,458. [a.d. 1520.] Red. if in. On an uncoloured 
saucer-shaped mass. 2\ in. [Add. ch. 26,725.] 

0. A castle, with embattled walls and turrets. In central 
doorway, a vase having large bunch of flowers. In field above, 
an cstoile of six points. 

fi« I secRexvM : • : givivm j . i avcvstcnsivm : • : 

Beaded borders. 



1 82 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

R. A small round counterseal. i-i- in. diam. A shield 
charged apparently with the following arms : — Per pale, a 
pile reversed, counterchanged, over all three annulets, two and 
one. Above the shield the initial H, and at the side, some 
foliage. 



Gra/td Duchy of BADEN. 
Legation to the Bjindestag. 
Letter Seal. 
21,459. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matrix, cracked, indistinct. i| X i-n; in. [xlix. 50.] 
Oval : a shield of arms : a bend, DuCHY OF Baden. 
Encircled with collar of an Order, and ensigned with crown. 

GROSHERZOGLICH ■ BADISCHE • GESANDSCHAFT. 
In base, in two lines : — 

BEI DEM _ BUNDESTAGE. 



BOPPARD, on the Rhine, in Rhenish Prussia. 
Seal of the Town. 

21,460. [13th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha, 
gilded, from matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. 3-^ in. [x.xxvii. 5.] 

The cruciform church of St. Severus, with its architectural 
features beautifully detailed, at the r. h. gable an eagle of the 
German Kingdom, rising with opening wings. Along the 
nave, under arcade of clerestory, the inscription : — 

S' : SeVGRVSf 

The whole is enclosed in an embattled wall or precinct, 
marked with masonry of the ashlar kind, and provided with 
bastions or towers, and a portal having a round-headed door- 
way, before which stands a figure of the patron Saint, with 
mitre, crozier and book. 

© BOPARDIA LIB6RVIV1 • GT I SP6TIAL6 i OPIDVM • 
ROMAN! ■ IMPeRII. 
Beaded borders. 



GERMANY: — LOCAL SEALS. 183 

COBLENZ, in Rhenish Prussia. 
Seal of the City or Citizens. 

21.461. [a.d. 1 3 18.] Bronze-green: fine, very imperfect. 
About 3| in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 249.] 

The city of Coblenz, as a castle, with central tower having 
round-headed portal, triangular pediment filled with an arcade 
and topped with a ball and fleur-de-lis ; side towers of greater 
height, and buildings in the rear, all enclosed in embattled 
enceinte, with acute angle or corner in the middle of the fore- 
ground. 

^ SIGILLVM -CI INORVM. 

Beaded borders. 

21.462. [a.d. 1302.] Bronze-green : a small fragment, 
showing only part of central pediment and left hand tower. 
App. by woven cords of red silk. [Add. ch. 12,727.] 



Seal of the Official of tlie Ecclesiastical Court. 

21,463. [a.d. 1319.] Bronze-green : chipped. About 
I in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 251.] 

p. The head of a sainted prelate, in profile to the 1., with 
mitre, couped at the shoulder. Betw. a pastoral staff or 
crozier on the dex., and book on the sin. side. 

S' OF [CjVR' • CO[NFL]Ve 

B. A smaller round counterseal. ^ in. diam. Two croziers 
or pastoral staves in saltire, betw. four estoiles of six points. 
© S' ■ Se COFLVC 



COLOGNE, in Rhenish Prussia. 
Seal of the City. 

21,464, [a.d. 1396.] Dark-green: fine, very imperfect. 
About 31^ in. when perfect. App. by silken threads of various 
colours. [Add. ch. 13,946.] 

St. Peter, draped, with nimbus and emblems. Seated on 
throne beneath trefoiled gothic canopy ornamented with 
tracery, across the top of which runs the inscription S • RGTRVS. 
The whole represented as being on the summit of a castle, of 
which five turrets connected with the embattled masonry of 
an enceinte appear at base and sides of the seal. 



l84 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Guild or Company of the Woolstaplers ( IVtillenainpt). 

21,465. [A.D. 1396.] Dark-green: fine, edge chipped. 
App. by silken threads of various colours. About 2 in. when 
perfect. [Add. ch. 13,946.] 

Within a quatrefoil, richly traced and cusped, a shield of 
arms: quarterly; i, 4. a castle, with four turrets, and portal, 
2, 3. a tree. The tree is ensigncd with three ducal coronets, 
and supported by two angels kneeling. 

Scgcl wtn IbuU .... 0. 



Gjiild or Company of Ironworkers {Ise7ierinari). 

21,466. [A.D. 1396.] Dark-green: edge chipped. App. 
by silken threads of various colours. About 2 in. when 
perfect. [Add. ch. 13,946.] 

The head of a Saint (Peter ?) or of a Saracen, encircled by 
branch of rose tree bearing six roses and three buds. 

S : Ofv gc rr : up : tin . . . 



Guild or Company of Dyers {Schwarz/ius). 

21,467. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green: fine, edge broken off. 
App. by silken threads of various colours. About 2 in. when 
perfect. [Add. ch. 13,946.] 

Within a gothic trefoil, cusped and richly ornamented with 
tracery, a shield charged with a bust in profile, couped at the 
neck, draped, and having a long beard and the hair flowing 
in curls, perhaps of St. Peter, the patron saint of the city. 
Legend with an ornamental sprig betw. each word. 

gffrlf 

Rest obliterated. 



Gtiild or Company of Goldsmiths (Goltsmyt). 

21,468. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green : edge chipped in places, 
otherwise fine. App. by silken threads of various colours. 
About l-^ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 13,946.] 

Within a double quatrefoil, richly ornamented with tracery, 
the spaces charged with trefoils, etc. : — a shield of arms : a 
gem ring betw. three covered cups, in chief three crowns. 

-J- SIGILLUM : [FRA:T€RNITIATI]S : AURIFABRORUM : 
COLONieN. 

Beaded borders. 



GERMANY: — LOCAL SEALS. 185 

Guild or Company of Vintners ( Wyndeggen). 

21,469. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green: only central part. 
App. by silken threads of various colours. About 2i X li in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 13,946.] 

Within a niche with double canopy, richly ornamented 
with tabernacle work, the sides masoned, on the right the 
Virgin Mary crowned, draped, and holding the Child, on the 
left a bishop in the act of benediction ; at the base a shield 
of arms : in chief, an antique crown. 

Legend entirely destroyed. 



Guild or Company of Furriers {Dunfeworcener). 

21,470. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green: fine, edge chipped. 
App. by silken threads of various colours, ij in. [Add. ch. 
13.946.] 

A gothic trefoil, richly traced, cuspcd and ornamented with 
flory points, enclosing a shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. vaire ; 
2, 3, a squirrel salient. 

S' FRNITATIS • V[ARII •] OPGRIS : F'TORVM • C VM. 

IJ Factores varii operis, i.e., makers ofyMic-work.) 



Guild or Company of Opticians and Philosophical Instrument 
makers {Hemelriche). 

21,471. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green : fine, edge chipped. 
App. by silken threads of various colours. i-J in. [Add. ch. 

13,946.] 

Within an ornamental annulus, nebulc to represent clouds, 
each space being charged with an estoile, the sun and moon, 
ensigned with crown. In the field arc five estoiles. 

« Scgcl » Dcr » w nan » «< @ *; © 

Beaded borders. 



Guild or Company of Ar7nourers i^Schilderer). 

21,472. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green: chipped at the points. 
App. by silken threads of various colours. About i^ X l-^in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 1 3,946.] 

Within an engrailed bordure or panel an armed figure, 
crowned, a crozier in the r. hand, and supporting with the 1. a 
shield of arms : ten escutcheons, four, three, two, and one — 



1 86 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



bearing the representation of a saint (Austregisilus, or Wan- 

dregisilus ?) as is explained by the legend in the field above : — 

S' GISILVS. 

MVNG • FRATeRNITATlS ■ DRV • 

CIVITATIS • COLON 

Beaded borders. 



Guild or Coinpayiy of Clockmakers ( Uremacher). 

21,473. [A.D. 1396] Dark-green: edge chipped. App. 
by silken threads of various colours. About i^ in. [Add. 
ch. 13,946.] 

A shield of arms : per pale, an eagle displayed, ensigned 
with three crowns. Within a gothic trefoil, cusped, and 
ornamented with tracery. 

Stgtllu : fortrtatis : Dc : 



Guild or Company of Stomviasoiis {Sieynmetzer). 

21.474. [a.d. 1 396.] Dark-green : imperfect. App. by 
silken threads of various colours, if in. [Add. ch. 13,946.] 

A shield of arms : two hammers and two picks, each pair 
in saltire, handles downwards, in chief three crowns. Within 
a quatrefoil ornamented with tracery. 

Legend uncertain. 

Beaded borders. 

Guild or Company of Smiths {Smedc). 

21.475. [a.d. 1396.] Dark-green : very imperfect. App. 
by silken threads of various colours. About 2 x li in. 
[Add. ch. 13,946.] 

Oval : a Pope and St. Eligius the Bishop, each with 
emblems, vi::. a patriarchal cross and book, and a hammer 
and book, and each in a gothic niche or shrine ornamented at 
the top with crocketing. At the base is a shield of arms : a 
twisted wire, and a hammer and tongs in saltire. 
r on. 



Guild or Company of Bakers {Becker). 

21,476. [a.d. 1396.] Dark-green: edge chipped. App. 
by silken threads of various colours. i\ in. [Add. ch. 

13.946.] 

A shield of arms : a kneading trough, perhaps a loaf. 
Within a gothic quatrefoil ornamented with tracery. 

Scgcl • nrr • brrft • to • . . . . Ijn. 



GERMANY: — LOCAL SEALS. iSj 



Guild or Company of Brezvers {Broiver). 

21,477. [A.D. 1396.] Dark-green: chipped, indistinct. 
About i-jV in- App. by silken threads of various colours. 
[Add. ch. 13,946.] 

A shield of arms : two peels, or mashers, in saltire, in chief 
a basket (.-'). Within a gothic cinquefoil. 

S I amjits I Dcr : iruucr | no n w 



Guild or Company of Beltmakers {Gerdelmacher). 

21,478. [A.D. 1396.] Dark-green: fine, edge chipped a 
little. App. by silken threads of various colours. [Add. ch. 
13.946.] 

Within a gothic trefoil, a shield of arms : two belts in 
saltire, wavy, in chief a buckle. Field diapered with acorns 
and oak leaves. 

+ DIT : S6G6L • IS • D€R : GVRD6L : L6G6R ■ YN • C06LN6. 



Guild or Company of ButcJiers ( Vleschampte). 

21,479. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green : fine, but chipped, im- 
perfect. App. by silken threads of various colours, i J in. 
[Add. ch. 13,946.] 

A shield of arms : on a mount in base an ox couchant. 
Ensigned with three crowns. Within a gothic quatrcfoil 
richly carved and traced. 

a . . . . ba • acijm • u 

Beaded borders. 



Guild or Company of Fishmongers ( Vischampt). 

21.480. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green : chipped, imperfect. 
App. by silken threads of various colours, if in. [Add. ch. 
13.946.] 

A shield of arms : two fish haurient in pale addorsed. 
Within a gothic quatrefoil, richly carved and traced. 

S 6fr grl uan . bi t s* 

Beaded borders. 

Guild or Company of Taylors (Schroeder). 

21.481. [A.D. 1396.] Dark-green: chipped, imperfect. 
App. by silken strands of various colours, i^ in. [Add. ch. 
13.946.] 

A shield of arms : a pair of shears open, points upwards ; 



l88 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

in chief a crown. Bctw. three sprigs of foliage. On a diapered 
ground. 

Ss S' ■ D6S M . . . . MPT • DSR • SCH C » 



Guild, Company or Fraternity of Cordenarii {Schoinecker) 
of MALZBUGGELE. 

21.482. [14th cent.] Gutta-percha impression from matrix 
preserved in the Dept. of British and Mediaeval Antiquities. 
2 X li in. [cix. 72.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, with long hair, crowned, 
turned slightly to the 1. Seated on bench-like throne, in the 
r. h. a flowering branch ; with the. 1. h. supporting the Child 
with cruciferous nimbus, standing on the throne beside her ; 
with his I. hand touching the chin of the Virgin, in the r. he 
holds a bird. In base the projecting platform or bracket, on 
which rest the Virgin's feet, is ornamented with arcade of 
three trefoiled arches and stringcourse of small cinquefoils. 
The inner edge of panel or border in which the design is set, 
similarly ornamented with small cinquefoils. Fine workman- 
ship. 

© S' ® FRATGRNITATIS | CORDeNARIORVM | D6 | 
MALZBVGGeLG. 

Beaded borders. 

The identification of the locality of the seal is indicated by 
its use for the above Guild at Cologne, as described in the 
next seal. No. 21,483. 

21.483. [a.d. 1396.] Dark-green : chipped. App. by 
silken threads of various colours. if x i in. [Add. ch. 
13.946.] 

• • ■ FRAT6R . . TATIS | CORDG RVM | 06 | 

MALZBVGGeue. 



Guild or Company of Cabinet Makers {Sarwercer). 

21,484. [a.d. 1396.] Dark-green : chipped, imperfect. 
i\ in. App. by silken strands of various colours. [Add. ch. 

I3>946.] 

A shield of arms : apparently a tool or design representing 
some object used in the nianufactureof the work of the Guild, 
ensigned with crown. Within pointed quatrefoil panel 
ornamented with tracery. 

Beaded borders. 



GERMANY: — LOCAL SEALS. 1 89 

Guild or Company of Tinworkers (Kannengesser). 

21,485. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green: fine, chipped. App. 
by silken threads of various colours, i^ in. 

Within a pointed quatrefoil, ornamented with tracery, a 
shield of arms : per pale, dex. a flagon, in chief a crown, sin. 
two proboscides, in chief as above. 

S I ampts I Dcr | feannctoc ocln. 

Beaded borders. 



Guild or Company of Coopers ( Vasbender). 

21,486. [a.D. 1396.] Dark-green: chipped, very imperfect. 
App. by silken threads of various colours, if in. [Add. ch. 

13,946.] 

A goat, above it a pair of compasses, open, on the dex. side 
a waggnn slide for unloading barrels. Background replenished 
with sprigs of foliage and flowers. Within double quatrefoil 
panel. 

« S' • Ocr • uaftr 

Beaded border. 



Guild or Company of Clothworkers {Zeickwercener). 

21,487. [a.D. 1396.] Dark -green : imperfect. App. by 
silken strands of various colours. About i| in. when perfect. 
[Add. ch. 13,946.] 

A shield of arms : chequy, on a chief three crowns. Within 
pointed trefoil panel, ornamented with tracery. 

Sc[g]rl '3 tc • i) . . . 



CONSTANZ, or CONSTANCE, in Baden. 
Secret Seal of the City. 
21,488. [a.D. 1520.] Red: fine, chipped at top. if in. 
[Add. ch. 26,725.] 

An elaborately designed triple-towered castle. In the 
central rounded-doorway, a figure or personification of the 
City, with mantle and spear, leaning on a shield of arms : a 
cross, per cross. 

Legend on a scroll or ribbon : — 

.... ctum : Ctbitatis : Conftanricnfis. 

A beautiful example of German art of the fifteenth century. 



igo CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



"COLLEGE OF COUNTS AND BARONS 

OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE 

IN THE CIRCLE OF EASTERN FRANCE." 

21,489. [a.D. 1648.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
i| in. [cxxxii. 46.] 

An Imperial eagle, crowned, within a cordon of seven 
shields of arms, each ensigned with its proper coronet. The 
armorial bearings very indistinct. 

S • R • I • COMITVM ■ Z • BARONVM ■ IN • CIRCVLO • FRANCI/E • 
ORIENTALIS • SIGILLVM • C0LL6GIALE. 
Carved border of foliage. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,025, from impression attached to deed, dated at 
Sommerhousen in Bavaria. 



FRANKFORT-ON-THE-MAIN, 

" Specialis Dovms luiperii." 

Seal of the " Burgermaisters, Sckeffeiie, nnd 
Rath zu Franckenfurt." 

21.490. [a.D. 1529.] Light-brown, semi-opaque or un- 
coloured : imperfect, the 1. h. side broken off. 21 in. [Harl. 
ch. Ill A. 42.J 

The King of the Romans, Emperor of Germany, full-f;ice, 
three-quarters length, with long curled hair, crown of three 
fleurs in sight, coat of mail, bordered mantle fastened over 
breast with a fermail, in the r. h. a sceptre fleury, held 
obliquely, in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted with cross. 
^ FRANKCNV PeCIAL . . DO 

Inner border engrailed. 

21.491. [a.D. 1 541.] Another, very imperfect, r. h. side 
broken off. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 A. 43.] 

ALIS • DOMVS • IMPERII. 

21.492. Sulph. cast made up by uniting portions of the 
two preceding impressions. [D.C., H. 65.] 

®" FRANK6NV . . . P6CIALIS ■ DOMVS ■ IMPSRII. 
Cf. D'Arcq, No. 10,982, for a later seal, the design of which is 
evidently derived from the above. 



Imperial City Seal for Contracts. 

21,493. [i6th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix. 2\ in. [xlix. TJ.^ 



GERMANY -.—LOCAL SEALS. IQI 

A figure of an Emperor, bearded, turned slightly to the 
r., three-quarters length, in robes of majesty, with imperial 
diadem, sceptre, and orb. In base a shield of arms : an eagle 
displayed, crowned, ANCIENT KINGDOM OF GERMANY. 
Background diapered with arabesque foliage, 
fii : S : CIVITATIS : IMPER : FRANCGFURTI : AD : CONTRACTVS : 



Seal of the " Sch?tltcs und Scliessen dcs Hailigen Reichs 
gerichtt der Statt Franckenfortt." 

21.494. [a.D. 1530.] Dark-green: fine, very imperfect. 
About li in. when perfect. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 A. 41.] 

The Emperor, half-length, turned slightly towards the 1., 
with diadem, robes of majesty, sceptre, and orb or mound 
surmounted by a cross. Before him, in base, a shield of arms : 
Ancient Kingdom of Germany. Background diapered 
with arabesque foliage. 

Legend broken off. 

21.495. Sulph. cast from No. 21,494. [D.C., H. 66.] 



Free City Legation to the Diet or Bundestag. 
Letter Seal, 

21,496. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matrix : very indistinct, i^ x i^ in. [xlix. 55.] 

Oval : a shield of arms, of ornamental shape : an eagle 
displayed, crowned, tail flory. 

ft BVNDESTAGS GES : DER • FR • STADT FRANKFURT. 



GOTTINGEN, in Germany. 
Seal of the University. 

21,497. \circ. A.D. 1734.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matri.x. if in. [xxxiv. ^yj^ 

George II., King of Great Britain and Ireland, the 
Founder of the University, in royal robes of majesty, enthroned 
in a hall, paved and panelled. Beneath a curtained canopy a 
baldachin, the top of which is ensigned with a royal crown. 



192 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

At the back, an oval shield of the ROYAL ARMS of GEORGE 
II., encircled with a garter of the Order of the Garter, bearing 
the motto of that Order, and ensigned with crown, all bctw. a 
cornucopia and a palm branch, emblematic of PEACE and 
Plenty. The king's feet rest on a cushion set on a semi- 
circular dais, 

SIGILLVM ■ VNIVERSITATIS ■ REGI/E ■ GEORGIA • AVGVST/E. 

Carved border. 

The workmanship of this design appears to be English. 



HAMBURG, in Germany. 
SecreUim of the Burgesses. 

21,498. [a.d. 1559.] Green. if in. Embedded in a 
yellow or uncoloured mass. 2\ in. [Add. ch. 5850.] 

A triple-towered castle, the towers pointed and embattled, 
set within an embattled enceinte, with central portal, etc. 
[sejcRervM bvrggnsivm d6 hambo .... 

Inner border pearled. 



HESSEN-CASSEL, in Germany. 

Seal of the " Ministerium der Auswartigen Angelegenheiten" 
or Ministry for Foreign Affairs. 

Letter Seal. 

21,499. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix, i^ x i^ in. [xlix. 57.] 

Oval: on an architectural plinth or corbel, with two festoons 
looped up in base, an oval shield of arms, ensigned with an 
open crown, supported by two lions guardant crowned. The 
armorial bearings are of nine quarterings : i. a Latin cross, 
Grand-Duchv OF FULDA ; 2. coupi' \ a. quarterly; i, 4. 
three chevrons, Hanau ; 2, 3. barry of eight, Reineck ; and 
over all an escutcheon, <wi'/f'; MUNZENBERG; b. a lion, crowned, 
Counts of Katzenelneogen ; 3. a cross of Lorraine, 
Abbey and Principality of Hersfeld ; 4. co7(p^; a. an 
estoile ; b. plain, COUNTS OF ZlEGENHAiN ; 5. an escutcheon, 
a lion burelc', crowned, HesSE al. H ESSEN ; 6. coup^ ; a. 
two estoiles of six [properly eight] points ; /'. plain, COUNTS 
OF NiDDA ; 7. a Latin cross, Princitality of Fritzlar ; 8. 
coupt'; a. two lions h'opardc's passant in pale, COUNTS OF 
DiETZ ; b. a triangular escutcheon, coiipi', surrounded by 



GERMANY : — LOCAL SEALS. I93 

three leaves of nettle, all accompanied by as many passion 
nails, ranged in pale, SCHAUMBURG ; 9. two bars. Principality 
of ISENBURG. 

K : HESS : MINISTERIUM DER AUSW/ERTIGEN 
ANGELEGENHEITEN. 



HESSEN-CASSEL. 

Court Legation to the Bundestag. 
Letter Seal. 

21,500. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from matrix. \^ x 14 in. [xlix. 58.] 

Oval : on an ermine-lined mantle, fringed, looped up at the 
sides, and ensigned with an open crown, a shield of arms sup- 
ported by two lions reguardant crowned. The armorial bear- 
ings are : a lion burets, crowned, Hessen-Cassel. 

KURHESSISCHE BUNDESTAGS GESANDTSCHAFT. 



HESSEN-CASSEL Electorate. 

General Post- Office. 

Letter Seal 

21,501. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matri.x. i| in. [xlix. 60.] 

On an ermine-lined mantle, fringed, looped up at the sides, 
and ensigned with an open crown, a shield of arms : Hessen- 
Cassel, as in No. 21,500. 

KURFiJRSTLICH HESSISCHE GENERAL POSTDIRECTION. 



Grand Duchy of HESSEN-DARMSTADT, 

Legation to the Bundestag. 
Letter Seal. 

21,502. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matri.x. if X l| in. [xlix. 59.] 

Oval: a shield of arms: a lion burel^, crowned, holding 
erect a sword in the dexter gamb, within a border ensigned 
with open crown, Hessen-Darmstadt. 

GROSH ■ HESSISCHE GESANDTSCHAFT AM BUNDESTAG. 

Border beaded or pearled. 

VOL. VL O 



194 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

HOHENZOLLERN FAMILY (?) 

Legation to the German Bundestag. 

Letter Seal. 

21,503. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matrix. Somewhat indistinct. \\ X i^ in. [.xlix. 6l.] 

Oval : on a mantle, fringed and lined ermine, ensigned 
with a royal crown, a shield of arms of twelve quarterings : i. 
quarterly ; for HOHENZOLLERN, over all on an escutcheon, a 
lion crowned within a border compony, Hohenzollern- 
Heckingen ; 2 as I ; 3. coi/pt', (?) Lichtenstein ; 4. a lion 
rampant crowned, armed and langued, ReusS-EbersdorFF ; 
impaling a crane, Kranichfeldt ; 5 as 4 ; 6. ScHAU.MBURG ; 

7. an cstoilc of eight points, Principality of Waldeck ; 

8. a rosct'w so/ei/ barbed and seeded, Lll'PE ; 9. a lion rampant 
[/i/trc/i'] crowned, HessEN-Homberg. 

GESANDSCHAFT AM DEUTSCHEN BUNDESTAGE. 



LIMBURG, or LYMPURG, in Westphalia, Prussia. 
Seal of the Citizens. 

21.504. [a.D. 1344.] Light-brown or uncoloured : fine, 
imperfect, edge chipped. 3 in. [Add. ch. 12,730.] 

0. A triple towered castle, embattled, and enriched with 
much detail, of masonry, round-headed doorway and windows ; 
on the second storey of the central tower a shield of arms : 
two bars. 

■^ SIGILLVM ■ GIVIVM • l[N • LIMPV]RCH • IVSTE • IVDICATE. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. i ;; in. The design 
resembles that on the obv. as described above. The armorial 
bearings of the shield appear to be chequy. 

e S' GIVIVM • in ■ LIMPVRGH • IVSTG ■ 1VDIGAT6. 
Beaded borders. 

21.505. [a.D. 1344.] Light-brown or uncoloured : a frag- 
ment. Appended by silken strands. [Add. ch. 12,731.] 

0. * SIG T€. 

R. # S' civi AXe. 

21.506. [a.D. 1345.] Light-brown or uncoloured : edge 
chipped. No counterseal. [Add. ch. 12,732.] 

* SIGIL LIMB ST6 • IVDICAT6. 



GERMANY: — LOCAL SEALS. 1 95 

Duckies of LORRAINE, BRABANT, a?id LIMBURG, and 

Marqiusate of tlie Holy Roman Empire. 

MARIA THERESIA, Empress. 

21,507. [circ. A.T). 1740-1765.] Red: cracked, indistinct. 
About 4~ in. [xxxvii. 54.] 

<)). The Empress, full-face, with embroidered robes and 
mantle, Imperial diadem. Riding on a horse springing to 
the left. Caparisoned with arms of Austria {Haus2vappeii), 
Hungary (Anxient), Bohemlv, and Brabant. On a 
mount with view of walled city in the background. Over 
head, an Imperial double-headed eagle displayed, ensigned 
with a diadem and charged on the breast with a shield of 
arms of thirteen quarterings, five, five, and three: 1st quarter, 
quarterly; i. Castile, ii. Leon, iii. Aragon, iv. SiclLY ; 
2nd quarter, HUNGARY (ANCIENT) ; 3rd quarter, HUNGARY 
(Modern); 4th quarter, Bohemia; 5th quarter, quarterly; 
i. a lion rampant, ii. a lion rampant, iii. Carinthia, iv. 
Cakniola or Krain ; 6th grand quarter, Transsylvania ; 
7th grand quarter, a lion rampant ; 8th grand quarter, a 
lion rampant ; 9th grand quarter, an eagle displayed ; loth 
grand quarter, GORICIA, or GoRZ ; nth grand quarter, LOR- 
RAINE; I2th grand quarter, Tuscany ; 13th grand quarter. 
Bar ; over all a small escutcheon charged with the arms : per 
pale, dex. Austria {Hauswappen), sin. BURGUNDY (ANCIENT 
Dukes), ensigned with archducal coronet. At the sides, en 
cordon, attached to each other by twisted cords with tasselled 
ends, four small ornamental shields or escutcheons of arms, 
each ensigned with its proper coronet or cap : dex. i. AUSTRIA 
{Hauswappen) \ 2. JULIERS ; sin. 3. Brabant ; 4. LiMBURG. 
In base on exergue, partly on mount in foreground, partly on 
ring for legend, a somewhat larger shield or escutcheon of 
arms: the Marquisate of the Holy Roman Empire, 
ensigned with its proper coronet. 

S • MARI/G • THERESI/E DO- ROM • IMP ■ REG ■ GERM • 
HVNG ■ BOH ■ ARCH ■ AVST • DUG • BURG ■ 
PRO • tDUlCAT • LOTH • BRAB • LIMB • MAR • S • IMP. 
Carved borders. 

K. A smaller round counterscal. 3?- in. diam. An Im- 
perial double-headed eagle displayed, ensigned with diadem. 
Charged on its breast with carved shield of arms, as described 
on the obv., with its escutcheon and crown. 

Legend indistinct, apparently, as far as can be deciphered, 
the same as on the obv. 
Cf. No. 21,277. 

MALZBUGGELE, Giii/d of Cordenarii. 
See Cologne, No. 21,482. 

o 3 



196 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Grand Diirliy of MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN, 
in Germany. 

Legation to the Bundestag. 

Letter Seal. 

21,508. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matri.x. if X If in. [xlix. 63.] 

Oval : on a mantle lined ermine, bunched up at the sides, 
and ensigned with an open crown a shield of arms : — Six 
quarterings ; i. a bull's head cabossed, langued, attired, 
crowned, ringed, MECKLENBURG ; 2. a griffin segreant, ROS- 
TOCK ; 3. coupe \ a. a griffin segreant, b. a bordure, PRINCI- 
PALITY OF SCHWERIN ; 4. a cross Latin couped, surmounted 
by crown, PRINCIPALITY OF Ratzeburg ; 5. a right arm 
and hand, issuing from cloud, coming from sinister side of 
field, vested, holding a ring, gemmed, LORDSIIIP OF Star- 
GARD ; 6. a bull's head cabos.sed, in bend sinister, langued, 
attired, crowned, PRINCIPALITY OF Werl ; over all an 
escutcheon, coupe: COUNTS OF SCHWERIN. 

GROSHERZOGL ■ MECKLENBURGISCHE BUNDESTAGS 
GESANDTSCHAFT. 



MUNSTER, in Westphalia, Prussia. 
Seal of the City, " Civitas Monasteriensis in Meynevelt" 

21.509. [a.d. 1317.] Brown, semi-opaque : chipped, some- 
what indistinct. 2\ in. [Egert. ch. 247.] 

A fortified town, with four turrets, each surmounted by a 
cross, central doorway (in which is a key erect, the wards 
upwards), also surmounted by a cross ; all enclosed in em- 
battled wall of ashlar work. 

e= S' : CIVITATIS • MONASTGRICN • l" MeYNeVGLT. 

Beaded borders. 

21.510. [a.d. 1 316.] Bronze-green : originally fine, chipped, 
imperfect. [Egert. ch. 241.] 

. . . GiviTATi T- MevNeve ... 

21.511. [a.d. 1 3 19.] Bronze-green : originally fine, chipped, 
imperfect. [Egert. ch. 250.] 

VITATIS M6YNeV6L . . 

21.512. [a.d. 1320.] Bronze-green: fine fragment. [Egert. 

ch. 252.1 

I • MGYNeve . . 



GERMANY : — LOCAL SEALS. 197 

NUREMBERG, or NURNBERG, in Bavaria, Germany. 

Judicial Seal. 

" Insigel des Gerichts zti Ntiretnberg." 

21.513. [a.D. 1472.] Light-brown or self-coloured, semi- 
opaque : fine, chipped. 2 J in. [Add. ch. 17,204.] 

0. An eagle displayed. 

[* SIJGILLVM • IVDICIAL6 ■ MVReNB6R . . . 
R. A small round counterseal. /j- in. diam. An initial 
letter n (Lombardic N), enclosing a small €. 
Beaded border. 

The Secretnin Civiuin. 

21.514. [a.D. 1668.] Red, covered with paper before im- 
pression : en placard, cracked, imperfect. i'\ in. [Harl. ch. 
1 1 1 B. 3.] 

An eagle displayed, with human face, crowned. 

•^ ti SeCR6TV[IVl -d CUVIVM li D6 6 NVRGMBeRGH is 

21.515. Sulph. cast from No. 21,514. [D. C, H. 191.] 



Grand Duchy of OLDENBURG, in Germany. 

Legation to Frankfort-on-tJie-Main. 

Letter Seal. 

21,516. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wa.v, 
from matrix. \W X 1 x\ in. [xli.x. 66.] 

Oval : on a mantle, lined ermine, looped or bunched up at 
the sides with cords and tassels, and ensigned with an open 
royal crown, a shield of arms: — Si.x quarterings ; i. a lion 
crowned, holding a battle-axe, NORWAY ; 2. two lions, 
Uopardi's, passant in pale, SCHLESWICK ; 3. Schau.mburg or 
HoLSTEIN ; 4. a swan gorged, with a ducal coronet, the wings 
expanded, LoRDSHiP OF Stormarn ; 5. a knight armed ae 
toutes pikes, brandishing a sword above his head, and mounted 
on a horse galloping, bridled and caparisoned, DiTM.\RSCHEN ; 
6. a lion crowned, tail fourclice, KniphaUSEN ; over all yn 
escutcheon ensigned with a crown royal, quarterly ; with a 
point entee, i. two bar.s, COUNTS OF OLDENBURG ; 2. a cross 
couped, fitchce, COUNTS OF Delmenhorst ; 3. a cross 
pattee couped, ensigned with episcopal mitre. Principality 
OF LUBECK ; 4. chequy, PRINCIPALITY OF BiRKENFELD. 
The point entc 2i lion crowned, LOKDSIIIP OF JEVER. 

GROSHERZOGL • OLDENBURG • GESANDTSGHAFT 
ZU FRANKFURT. 



igS CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

THE PARTS OF THE RHINE, SUEVIA, or 
SWABIA, &c. 

Seal of the Vicariate of the Empire in the Rhenish Provinces, 
Suei'ia, and the jurisdiction of Franconia. 

CHARLES ALBERT, of Bavaria, afteriv. CHARLES VII., 

and CHARLES PHILIP, Count Palatine of the 

Rhine, etc., A.D. 1740. 

21,517. Plaster cast, tinted green, from indistinct impres- 
sion. 31 in. [xli. 230.] 

An Imperial double-headed eagle, displayed, with nimbi, 
but not ensigned, on its breast two carved oval shields of 
arms, each ensigned with a crown : dex. quarterly ; I, 4. 
Bavaria, 2, 3. Pfalz, or Palatinate ; over all an escutcheon 
charged with orb or mound, surmounted with cross, for the 
Holy Roman Empire. On bordure round the shield, the 
legend : — 

CAR • ALB • U.B ■ & S • P • D • C • P • R • S • R • I ■ A • D • EL • L. 
sin. per pale and chevron, sl parti, i. a lion rampant, ^^?//<?«r«/, 
crowned ; 2. lozcngy, entc^ in point, with a bearing resembling 
an arabesque ornament, for the ELECTORAL PALATINATE. 
On bordure round the shield, the legend : — 

CAR • PHIL ■ COM ■ PAL • RH • B • D • S • R • I ■ A • T • E. 

In field, over the eagle's wings, the date 17-40. 

« S13IL • VICARIAT • IMPERY • IN • PART • RHENI ■ SVEVI/E • 
Er • lUR • FRANC ■ DEI • GRATIA. 

And in field, below the eagle, the continuation (to be read 
after the legends on the bordurcs of the shields) : — 

IN ■ PART • RH • SVEV • ET ■ IVR • FRANCON • VICARIORVM. 



CHARLES THEODORE, Count Palatine of the Rhine, 
Provisor and Vicar in the Parts of the Rhine, SiieT.na, etc. 

21,518. Plaster cast, tinted green, from good impression. 
5 in. [xli. 231.] 

An Imperial double-headed eagle displayed, with nimbi. 
On the breast a shield of arms of nine quartcrings, three, two, 
and four : I. an escutcheon, charged with a roundle, whence 
proceed eight sceptres, starwise, Cleve ; 2. a lion rampant, 
JULIERS ; 3. a lion rampant, qiicne foiirchi'e, ZUTPIIEN ; 4. a 

fess ; 5- three saltires humetty, in base a mount ; 

6. a fess chequy, Berg or La Makck ; 7. a lion rampant, 

crowned, - — - ; 8. chequy ; g. three chevrons, COUNT.S 

OF Ravensberg ; over all an escutcheon quarterly ; i, 4. a 



GERMANY : — LOCAL SEALS. I99 

lion rampant ; 2, 3. lozengy, Pkalz Neuburg (?) ; over all an 
escutcheon of smaller dimensions, charged with an orb or 
mound, surmounted with a cross. The shield ensigned with 
crown, and the eagle hung about with four collars of the 
respective Orders of the GOLDICN FLEECE, ST. HUBERT of 
JULiERs, Marl\ Theresia, and Leopold. 

CAROLVS • THEODORVS D-GCP-R-VBDSRI- 

AD • & EL • E • IN • PART ■ RH • SVEV ■ 

& IVR ■ FRACON • PROVISOR & VICARIVS ■ \ ■ C ■ & MDL-L- 

PMMBAZG-VSM& R-D-l-N-R. 

Carved borders. 



Ducky of SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA. 

Pri-vy Purse, or Privat-Casse. 

Letter Seal. 

21,519. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matri.x. I-^V X -r",j in. [xlix. 75.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : SaxoNV. Ensigned with crown. 

» HERZOGL • S • GOBURG-GOTHAISCHE PRIVAT-CASSE. 



Grand Duchy of SAXE-MEININGEN-HILDBURG- 
HAUSEN, in Germany, 

Letter Seal. 

21,520. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix, very indistinct. i\ x i-jV in. [xlix. 109.] 

Oval : a shield of arms, ensigned with a royal crown, and 
supported by two lions rampant reguardant. In base, a label 
inscribed : — 

In trcuc best. 

The shield consists of eighteen quarterings ; I. a lion passant 
contotirn^ \bureli\ crowned], ThuRLVGIA ; 2. on an escarbunclc 
of eight rays, an escutcheon, Cleves ; 3. a lion passant, 
Juliers ; 4. a lion passant contournc, MISNIA ; 5. on this 
and 8. an escutcheon of Saxony ; 6. a lion passant, crowned, 
Berg; 7. an eagle displayed crowned, Saxony-Falatine ; 
8. two pales, Landsberg ; the greater part of this quar- 
tering is covered by the escutcheon described above under 
the 5th quartering; 9. an eagle displayed, TllURlNGL\- 
Palatine ; 10. seui^ of hearts, a lion contonrne, crowned. 
Orlamunde ; II. three bars, Elsemserg ; 12. a lion passant, 
PleiSSEN: 13. a rose en soleil, budded, Altenburg; 14. 



200 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

plain; 15. three bouterolles, or hunting-horns, Bkehna ; 
16. a fess chequy of three tiers, La Marck ; 17. a Tuscan 
column crowned, ROMHILD, impaling a cock, crested, on a 
tertre or mount, Henneberg ; 18. three chevrons, Ravens- 
BERG. 



ULM, in Wiirteniberg, Germany. 
The Secretnm Civium. A.D. 1457. 

21,521. [a.d. 1520.] Red. i| in. Enclosed in a saucer- 
shaped uncoloured mass. 2\ in. [Add. ch. 26,725.] 

An eagle displayed, crowned, set in a carved niche with 
trefoiled arch, late canopy and two pent-houses each con- 
taining a man-at-arms at the sides. In base a shield of 
arms : coup^, chief diapered lozengy. 

rccrrtum • cibium : v\ : ulma : 1457. 



EQUESTRIAN SEALS, 



ADOLF, Count VON DEM BERGE, of Prussia. 

21.522. [a.D. 1346.] Light-brown or uncoloured : very 
imperfect, 1. h. side wanting. App. by strands of light-brown 
silk. About l\ in. [Add. ch. 1 2,734.] 

0. To the r. In armour with hauberk of mail, surcoat, 
chained sword, [helmet and crest broken off] t^pauli^res of arms, 
[shield broken off]. Horse springing, armorially caparisoned. 
The armorial bearings as described on the rev. Background 
diapered lozengy, with small quatrefoil in each interstitial 
space. All within panel or bordure cusped with flory points. 

IS » D€ 

B. A small round counterseal. i^ in. diam. A shield of 
arms : a lion rampant, queue fourchi'e passie en sautoir. On 
foliage. 

© S' SeCR6TV • ADOLPHI ■ COM 

Beaded borders. 

Another Seal{}) used by KONEGUND, wife ^/Reynhard, 
Z^ra' ^/ WE STERBURG, of Prussia. 

21.523. [a.D. 1346.] Light-brown, or uncoloured : very 
imperfect. App. by strands of light-brown silk. About 2\ 
in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,734.] 

Only part of the body — the hind legs, and trappings of a 
horse. Background diapered lozengy with rose flower in 
each interstitial space. 

DOLFI J CO 

Beaded borders. 



RUPRECHT, Count VON DIRNEMBURCH, of Prussia. 

21,524. [a.d. 1346.] Light-brown or uncoloured : im- 
perfect. App. by strands of light-brown silk. 3 in. [Add. 
ch. 12,734.] 

To the r. In armour, hauberk of mail, surcoat, chained 
sword, helmet with lambrequin or mantling, and crest, a pair 
of wings, shield of arms, ^paulieres of arms. Horse springing, 
armorially caparisoned, crested with peacock. The armorial 



202 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

bearings of the shield, ^paulih-es, and caparisons are : two bars 
lozengy. All within panel or bordure cusped with flory 
points. 

* [SIGMLLVM : ROPeRTI S MBVR . . 

Beaded borders. 



GOTEFRIDUS DE HOHENLOCH, Comes Romaniole, 
of Wiirtciiiberg. A.D. 1235. 

21,525. Recent impression in gilded gutta-percha from 
matrix. 2 in. [xxxvii. 6.] 

To the 1. In mail armour, with flat-topped helmet, lance 
flag and three streamers, scabbard or broad sword, and long 
triangular shield of arms : two leopards passant in pale, 
HOHENLOHE. In the field below the horse, the year 1235 in 
Arabic numerals. 

e« GOTEFRID' • DG : HOH€NLOCH : COM6S : ROMANIOLG : «< 
- Beaded border. 



THIDERICH VON LON or LOEN, Graf. 

THIERRI, Co7int of LOS, or LOOZ, and , Lord of 

Hcimburg and Blankenbnrg in Bnnisicick, Germany. 

21,526. [a.d. 1346.] Light-brown or uncoloured : fine, 
very imperfect. About 2\ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 

12,734-] 

0. To the r. In armour ; hauberk of mail, surcoat, cap- 
shaped helmet with crest of two hares' ears, sword, ipaulih-es 
and shield of arms. Horse springing, crest broken off, 
armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of the 
^(Z?///?;-tiy, shield and caparisons, are : quarterly; i, 4. per pale, 
dex. barruly (for Barons Heimburg?), sin. semi' of crosslets, 
two bars or parr-fishes, addorsed, 2, 3. a lion rampant, queue 
fourcMe passce en sautoir. 

KGB G. 

li. A smaller round counterseal. \\ in. diam. A shield of 
arms, as described in the obv. 

Si S' ■ TH' ■ COTTIS ■ De ■ LOS • GT • DG • .... C ... G 

DG • HNSBG ■ 6T • D6 • BLANK'. 
U'Arcq, No. 10,307, without description of counterseal. The last 
words of legend wrongly read GT D6RLAR, and explained "et d'Edar." 
Cf. No. 21,583. 



GERMANY : — EQUESTRIAN SEALS. 203 

GERLACH, Lord 0/ IiYMPURCK, or LYMPURG, 

in Rhmish Prussia. 

21,527. [a.d. 1344.] Light-brown: fine, imperfect. App. 
by strands of red and green silk. 2J- in. [Add. ch. 12,731.] 

0. To the r. In armour, with surcoat, hehnet crested with 
a plume of five feathers, swords, and shield of arms, the horse 
annorially caparisoned, and plumed as the rider, springing. 
The armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons are : a 
fess chequy betw. six billets, LiMBURG or Liemberg. 

^ SIGILLVM Ss !» GGRCLACI • DJOMINI ■ D€ • LYMPVRGH. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. i| in. diam. A shield of 
arms, as described in the obv. Within a carved trefoil panel. 

* S' SeCR6TVM • G6RLAC1 : DNT : IN LIMPVRCH. 
Beaded borders. 



GERLACH, Herr zu LYMPURG. 

{^Probably same person as the last.) 

21,528. [a.d. 1346.] Light-brown : fine. App. by red 
and green silk threads. 2| in. [Add. ch. 12,733.] 

0. This resembles the design of the preceding seal, 
No. 21,527, but from different matrix. 

SIGILLVM SsRt G6RLACI • DOMINI D€ LYMPVRGH. 
B. A smaller round counterseal. i in. diam. On a helmet 
affrontee, and mantling, a plume. 

* S SeCR€TVM G6RLAGI. 
Beaded borders. 



GERLACH, (Tow// (/ NASSAU. 

21,529. [a.d. 1344.] Light-brown: fine, imperfect. App. 
by strands of red and green silk. 2] in. when perfect. 
[Add. ch. 12,731.] 

To the r. In armour with surcoat, plumed helmet and 
shield of arms. Horse springing, armorially caparisoned. 
The armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons are : 
billetti'e, a lion rampant, for Nas.sau. 

g" S' GeRLACI • C 



LUDE WICUS, Comes DE RYNEKKIN, (of Hesse ?). 
21,530. [a.d. 12S2.J Light-brown: fragmentary. About 
Zl in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,900.] 



204 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

To the r. In armour, with hauberk, surcoat of arms, shield 
of arms, etc., on a horse pacing. The armorial bearings of the 
surcoat and shield are : two bars, for ReinecK, of Hesse. 
TIS 



GERHARDUS, r«;/<?J DE RYNEKKIN {of Hesse}) 

21,531. [a.D. 1282.] Light-brown: very imperfect, indis- 
tinct. 2ir in. [Add. ch. 15,900.] 

To the r. In armour, with short legs, tunic or hauberk ; 
surcoat ; shield of arms : two bars for Reineck, of Hesse ; 
broad-sword, flat-topped helmet with remarkable antique 
coronet or crown and two ostrich plumes. Horse springing. 
© S' KGMIITIS • G6JRHARDI • DG • RieN6K6. 



RUDOLPH, Gre7<e, or Count zu WERCHEIM. 

21,532. [a.D. 1344.] Light-brown or uncoloured : a frag- 
ment. App. by threads of green silk. About 2]- in. [Add. 
ch. 12,731.] 

Part of the caparisons of a horse alone remain. Back- 
ground diapered lozengy, with a roundle in each interstitial 
space. 

CCOJMITICS] 

Beaded borders. 



FIGURES OF NOBLE LADIES. 



Kunegunde, Lady of Lympurch, wife of Gerlach, Lord 
of Lympurch. 

21.533. [a.d. 1344.] Light-brown: fine, edge chipped. 
2 in. [Add. ch. 12,731.] 

0. The lady, standing on a bracket and turned slightly to 
the r., with a mantle of vair, holding in each hand, by a loop 
or strap, a shield of arms : dex. three mullets pierced, sin. 
LiMBURG, as described for Gerlach, Lord of Lympurch, 
q.v. Within a carved quatrefoil panel. 

!& SIGILLVM • KVNGVNDIS ■ DOMIN6 • DG • LYMPVRCH. 
R. A smaller round counterseal. i i in. diam. A shield of 
arms : per pale, dex. LiMBURG, sin. indistinct and uncertain. 
On foliage. 

^ SIGILLVM • S6CR6TI. 

Beaded borders. 

21.534. [a.d. 1345.] Light-brown : fine, but edge repaired. 

[Add. ch. 12,732.] 

e« SIGILLVM • KVNGVNDIS • DOMING ■ D6 • LYMPVRCH. 



Katherine von Solmesse, or Solms, wife of Salentjn, 
Herr zu Isenburg, or YSENBURCH. 

21,535. [a. D. 1346.] Light yellow or uncoloured : chipped. 
App. by red silk cords. \\ in. [Add. ch. 12,733.] 

The lady, standing, draped in a long dress ; in each hand a 
shield of arms : dex. two bars, for ISENBERG, sin. a lion 
rampant, for SOLMS. 

S' KATH6RIN6 • DN€ • IN • YSeNBVRCH. 
Beaded borders. 



HERALDIC SEALS. 



Henrich Akenschocke, Borgenneistcr to Kaiiicn [Caiiieu 
in Westphalia, Prussia, near Dortiiiiiiid.'] 

21,536. [a.d. 1442.] Dark-green, i in. On a saucer- 
shaped, dark semi-opaque uncoloured mass : very indistinct. 
H in- [Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : three roundles in pale. Cf. on a pale 
three bezants, ACKENSCIIOCK. In a pointed trefoil panel. 

^' fjcDnrtft • 5f . . . . borgij'. 



T/ie Prince or Duke of Anhalt-Dessau. 
Letter Seal. 

21,537. [Modern.] Recent impression in black sealing- 
wax : indistinct. I-,^ X 1^ in. [xlix. 79.] 

Oval shield of arms of twelve quarterings : I. barry of 
tefl, over all a craiicelin. Saxony ; 2. an eagle, We.stpiialia ; 
3. three " buterolles," Angria ; 4. a wall crenellated in 
bend sinister, a bear passant contourne, crowned and col- 
lared, on the battlements ; 5. is covered by the escutcheon 
over all ; 6. barry of ten, Ballenstedt ; 7. chequy of twelve 
pieces, 4, 4, and 4, Counts of Ascania ; 8. quarterly ; Counts 
of Waldersee ; 9. two bends sinister, Counts of VVarNS- 
DORF; 10. an eagle displayed, Counts of MOllLlNGEN ; 
II. barry, an uncertain device ; 12. a wall crenellated in 
bend, a bear passant, collared, on the battlements, Seigneurie 
of Bern BERG ; over all, in the fifth quartering an escutcheon, 
jjarty per pale, a demi-eagle, beaked and membered, im- 
paling, barry of ten, a crancelin over the bars, Anhalt 
(Modern). The shield ensigned with a duchy coronet, 
supported by two bears reguardant, langued, crowned and 
collared. In the base a portion of the collar, and the star of 
an Order. 

The handwriting on the paper at the back of this seal is 
stated to be that of the Princess Charlotte. 



GERMANY : — HERALDIC SEALS. 20/ 

John Anselm, Sca[)iii?(s, or £.cJievin of Coblentz. 

21.538. [a.d. 1315.] Bronze-green: fragmentary. About 
\^ in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 236.] 

A shield of arms : three cinquefoils or roses in bend, betw. 
two cotices. 

INI : . . . 9F . . . . 

Beaded borders. 

21.539. [a.d. 1 3 19.] Bronze-green: edge chipped. [Egert. 
ch. 251.] 

* SCABINI : Oe • 9FL'. 



Frederic, Marquis of Baden-Dourlac, etc. 

21,540. [a.d. 1648.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion. 2 1 in. [cxxxii. 22.] 

An ornamental shield of arms of nine quarterings, three, 
two and four: I. a lion rampant, c^^w/tv/r;//, crowned, Brlsgau ; 
2. a denii-vol, charged with a crescent, USEMBERG ; 3. chequy, 
Spanhelm ; 4. on a terrasse a wild boar passant coiitournJ, 
Eberstein ; 5. a cinquefoil rose, Eberstein ; 6. a pale 
chevronelly, Bandeweiler ; 7. coupe, in chief a lion rampant 
issuing, in base barry wavy, RoTELN ; 8. a fess, Lahr ; 9. a 
lion rampant crowned, Mahlberg ; over all an escutcheon 
charged with a bend, GRAND DuCHY OF Baden ; above and 
at sides of shield ten helmets, each charged with crest, some- 
what indistinct. 

FRID • D • G • MARCH • BAD • & HACHB ■ LANDG ■ IN SAV3 ■ CO • 
IN SP • & EBERSTDOIN ROT • BADW ■ LAHR & MAHL. 
{Fridericus, Dei gratia, Marchio Badensis, et Hachbcrgensis, Land- 
gravius in Sausemberg, comes in Spanheim et Eberstein, dominits in 
Roteln, Bad'dieiler, Lalir, et Mahlberg^ 

Carved border. 
D'Arcq, No. ii,(xi7. 



Family of Bemer, or Berners (?) 
Letter Seal. 

21,541. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix. -p^X-i^in. [xlix. 82.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : on a bend sinister betw. two 
estoiles of six points a bear passant contourn^. Crest on a 
helmet affronte and mantling, on a wreath the demi-figure of 
a man, vested and wearing a cap, full-faced, in the r. h. a key, 
handle down, in pale. 



208 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Barons of Bodenhausen, of Saxony, etc. 
Letter Seal. 
21,542. [Modern.] Recent impression in black sealing- 
wax : cracked. \X\ in. [xlix. 83.] 

Quadrilateral with rounded corners. On a foliated orna- 
ment a shield of arms : three crescents tournt's, BODEN- 
HAUSEN. Ensigned with coronet of seven points, for a baron. 
Supporters, two lions. 



John de Bosselstein, Knt. 
See JOHAN VON Steyne. 



Rudeger von Brunisberg, Bnrgmann zii Lympurg, in 
Prussia. 

21,543. [a.d. 1345.] Light brownish-white: imperfect, 
indistinct. About i^- in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,732.] 

A shield of arms : three lozenges, in fess Braunsberg, of 
Westphalia, a label of four points for difference. Background 
diapered lozengy with reticulated pattern. 
G€R ■ D' 



Roger Busse, of Silesia (?) 

21,544. [13th cent.] Sulph. cast from good impression, 
liin. [D.C., E. 355.] _ 
A shield of arms : a lion rampant betw. three roundles. 

* 8' ROGeRII • BVSSe : 
Beaded borders. 



Godebert, Scabinus, or Echevin of Coblents. 

21.545. [a.d. 1314-] Bronze-green: fine, imperfect. 
i-iV in. [Egert. ch. 233.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron betw. three cinquefoils. 

.... ODeBTI .... INI • D6 • 9FLV . . . 

21.546. [a.d. 131 5.] Bronze-green: fine, imperfect. [Egert. 
ch. 236.] 

© 8' GOD . . . I • 8CABINI • Oe SFLVCN', 



GERMANY : — HERALDIC SEALS. 209 

Gerhard, Coufit o/Hietz, 0/ Nassau. 

21,547. [a.d. 136S.] Light-brown : edges chipped. 14- in. 
[Add. ch. 12,737.] 

A shield of arms : two lions passant guardant in pale, 
DiETZ. Background lightly hatched. 

... * GGRHARDI • COMITIS • DG • DI€TZ. 
Beaded borders. 



Doviinns Dodo, Miles, Scabiniis Atidernacensis, 
Echevin of Andernack in Rhenish Prussia. 

21,548. [.A.D. 1316.] Brown: very imperfect. l|Xi^ in. 
[Egert. ch. 239.] 

Shield-shaped : three cushions or lozenges in bend, con- 
joined, in chief a label of as many points. 

.... DODONIS ■ AND[eRNA]C€N 



Heinrich, Bnrgrave ^/Drackenfels, or Drachinvels. 

21,549. [a.d. 1285.] Dark-green : very imperfect. About 
2 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 16,148.] 

A shield of arms : a winged dragon or wyvern, BaronS 
Drachenfels. 

grav Acew .... 

Beaded border. 



Princes and Barons Esterhazy, of Galantha, Hungary. 
Letter Seal. 

21,550. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from matri.x : very indistinct. IttXI^ in. [xlix. 91.] 

Quadrilateral, with rounded corners. An ova! shield of 
arms, ensigned with a prince's crown, and encircled with two 
collars of the Order of the GOLDEN FLEECE and St. STEPHEN 
OF Hungary. Supported by a griffin holding a sabre, as of 
the arms and a lion of the arms. The armorial bearings 
are: quarterly; i. a griffin segreant ro/z/jwr/M standing on a 
[golden] crown, in the left paw a sabre garnished, in the right 
a rose-branch [with three flowers] ; 2. two bends sinister 
betw. two crescents, their points turned to the bends, a 
bordure ; 3. a double-headed eagle displayed, beaked, mem- 
bered, and crowned ; 4. co7ip^, a. a lion rampant issuing, in its 

VOL. VL 1- 



2IO CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

right paw a rose-branch, with three flowers arg., b. three roses 
en soldi in fosse. Over all an escutcheon, ensigned with a 
prince's coronet, charged with the Roman capital letter L. 

Ajiother Seal. 

21,551. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from matrix. i|x i in. [xlix. 92.] 

Oval : an oval shield of arms : coupe, a fess embattled, 
countercharged, bctw. two martlets in chief, in base a horse 
passant. Ensigned with a coronet of nine pearls. Around 
the shield a border inscribed PRO FIDE REGE ET LEGE. 
Supporters, two lions reguardant, double-queued, crowned. In 
base a ribbon inscribed with the motto : — 

DULCE ■ EST • MEMINISSE • LABORUM. 



Johan Gardenwech, Frijgreue des Edelen WiLHEMS, Gieue 

to Lymberg, nnd herre to Bedtbiir der Frijergraschoff 

to Lymberg. 

21,552. [a.d. 1442.] Dark-green. \\ in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped dark, semi-opaque, uncoloured mass, if in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : an animal's head erased. Within a 
pointed trefoil panel. 

» S' t'oijan • gar . . . to . . . grrur • >o • iPiulirrg • 



Hans von Griesingen, al. Griesinger, of Tyrol, Austria. 

21,553. [a.d. 1464.] Dark-green : fine. \\ in. Embedded 
in a saucer-shaped uncoloured mass. i| in. [Add. ch. 
18,104.] 

A shield of arms, coiichc : a bend, per bend. Crest on a 
helmet and volet or lambrequin, two animals' ears, and as 
many proboscides, each charged with a bend per bend as the 
arms. 

Legend on scroll : — 

: S : ijans : toon : grtcftngrn. 

Beaded border. 



GERMANY: — HERALDIC SEALS. 2CI 



Albert de Grombach, al. Grumbach, of Germany. 

21,554. [a.d. 1 176.] Dark-green: en placard. A large 
mass, shield-shaped, with raised edge in order to receive im- 
pression from the matrix en cuvette, at the top a mark of the 
handle of the matrix : well preserved. 2X i| in. [Add. ch. 
19.550.] 

Shield-shaped : an eagle displayed. Under each claw a 
small annulet. 

Legend on raised edge of matrix : — 

ALBERTVS DE GROMBACH. 
Beaded border. 



Marie de Gueldres, Duchess of Juliers and Gueldres. 

21.555. [a.d. 1388.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impression, 
li in. [cxxxi. %'j.'\ 

A shield of arms : per pale, dex. a lion rampant, Juliers ; 
sin. a lion rampant, crowned, the queue fourc/u'e pass^e en 
sautoir, GUELDRES. Within a traced quatrefoil panel, orna- 
mented along inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

S' • m[ari]c • "Oti • gra • Ouciffc tu[liac' ft • 8]clr'. 

U'Arcq, No. 11,090. 

Conrad, al. Cort Hake, Frijgreue des Iwgebornen Gerartz 
VAN CleuE, Greue to der Mar eke der 
Frijergraschoppen Hainme, etc., in Rlienish Prussia, etc. 

21.556. [a.d. 1442.] Dark-green, i in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped dark, semi-opaque, uncoloured mass. i| in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : two battle-axes in saltire. Within 
pointed trefoil panel. 

SigiUum * conrafli » ijaftc *< 



Hanns Hesler, of Frankfort. 

21,557. [a.d. 1558.] Bronze-green: chipped, indistinct. 
^ in., embedded in a red ma.ss. i| in. imperfect. [Harl. ch. 
Ill B. I.] 

A shield of arms of ornamental shape : a cup or vase with 
handle. Above the shield the initial letter H. 



F 3 



212 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Amelia Elizabeth, Landgravine of Hesse. 

21.558. [a.D. 1648.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion, il- X -Lf in. [cxxxii. 34.] 

Oval : a carved heart-shaped shield of arms : per pale, dcx. 
quarterly ; i. a lion rampant, guardant, crowned, Katzenel- 
LENBOGEN (?) ; 2. coupt\ in the chief part an estoile, ZlEGEN- 
HEIM ; 3. coupe, in the chief part two estoiles, NiDDA ; 4. two 
lions passant guardant in pale, DiETZ. Over all a small 
escutcheon charged with the arms : a lion rampant, Hesse(?) ; 
sin. quarterly ; I, 4. three chevrons, Hanau ; 2, 3. barruly, 
Reineck. Over all a small escutcheon charged with the 
arms : a fess, within a bordure, ensigned with coronet. 

e= AMELIA ELIZABETH LANDGR-Z HESS 
W ■ VORM • V • REGEN. 
Carved border. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,051. 

George, Landgrave of Hesse, Count of Katzenellenbogen, 
Diets, Ziegenheini, and Nidda. 

Seo'etum. 

21.559. [a.D. 1648] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion. \\ in. [cxxxii. 33.] 

A shield of arms of ornamental shape : quarterly ; i. a lion 
rampant guardant, crowned, KATZENELLENBOGEN ; 2. coupe, 
in the chief an estoile, ZlEGENHEIM ; 3. coupe, in the chief two 
estoiles, NiDDA ; 4. two lions passant guardant, in pale, 
DiETZ. Over all a small escutcheon charged with the arms 
of Hesse. Above shield three helmets with mantlings, bear- 
ing different crests. 

SECRET • GEORGII D • G ■ LANDGRAVV • HASSI/E • COM ■ IN 
CATZELNB • DIETZ • ZIGENHAIN ET NIDDA. 

Carved border of foliage. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,053. 



Friedrich-Casimir, Count of Hanau in Hesse, 
Reineck, etc. 

21,560. [a.D. 164S.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impression. 
2| in. [cxxxii. 32.] 

A shield of arms of six quarterings, three and three : i. 
three chevrons, Hanau ; 2. barruly of ten pieces, Reineck ; 
3. a lion rampant, Zweibrucken ; 4. coupd, MuNTZENBERG ; 
5. a lion rampant, within a bordure, LiCHTENBERG ; 6. two 



GERMANY: — HERALDIC SEALS. 213 



bars, OcHSENSTEIN. Over all a small escutcheon, charged 
with a bordure, BlTSCH. Above shield are four helmets, 
with ornamental mantlings, and at sides two others, each 
bearing a different crest. 

FRIDERICH • CASIMIR ■ G • Z • HAN ■ BIN • V • ZWEIBR • H • Z • 
MVNTZ • LIGHT ■ V • OCHS • ERBM ■ V • ORRV • Z • STRASB. 

Narrow inner border and wider outer border of carved 
foliage. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,053. 



Frederic Louis Charles Augustus, Landgrave of 
Hesse-Homburg. 

See Vol. III., p. 95, No. 10,666. 



Otte van Hetterscheit, al. Otto van Hetersche, 
of Westphalia, Prussia. 

21,561. [a.d. 1442.] Dark-green, i-i- in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque, uncoloured mass. l\ in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend, five bezants, etc., for Hetter- 
SCHEID, of Westphalia. 

S' OTTO • VA • HGTCRSCHe. 



Eberhardt, Count of "BLoheTdlohe, Lord of 

Langenburg, etc., Wiirtejnberg. 

21,562. [.\.D. 1569.] Red: chipped, imperfect. 2 in. 
Embedded in a saucer-shaped, uncoloured mass. 31 in. 
[Add. ch. 12,763.] 

An ornamental shield of arms: quarterly; 1,4. two lions 
passant guardant, in pale, the tail coward, those in the first 
quarter, contoiirnes ; 2, 3. coupe, in the chief a lion passant 
guardant, crowned, that in the 3rd o^uast^x contourni' ; in the 
base lozengy, Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Crests on two 
helmets, turned each towards the other, and ornamental mant- 
ling of foliage, dex. an eagle rising, contourn^, sin. a lion 
rampant, crowned, issuing from coronet, betw. two proboscides. 

+ EBERHART + GRAVE + VOU + HOEHLOE + HERR + 
ZV • LAHGEMBCVRGJ. 
Carved border of foliage. 



214 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Gerlach, Lord of Isemburg, or Ysenburg, in Hesse. 

21.563. [a.D. 1344.] Light-brown, or uncoloured : very 
imperfect. App. by strands of green silk, i in. [Add. ch. 

12,731-] 
A shield of arms: two bars, ISENBURG. 

© . . . ACI ■ D€ ■ YS6NBVRG. 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 11,054, for a later Gerlac of Isembourfj. 

21.564. [a.D. 1 346.] Light-brown or uncoloured : chipped, 
indistinct. [Add. ch. 12,734.] 

* S' • CeRLACI • D€ ■ YSGNBVRG. 



Philip von Isemburch, Lord of Ysenburch, Kiit., 
of Prussia. 

21,565. [a.D. 1346.] Light-brown or uncoloured : chipped. 
App. by strands of light-brown silk, i in. [Add. ch. 12,734.] 

A shieldof arms, t(?;/f///: ISENBURG. See No. 21,563, with a 
label of five points. Crest on a helmet, affrontee, and chapeau 
a pair of wings. Lambrequins or volets charged as the shield. 
Within an inner bordure, or circular panel, ornamented with 
small quatrefoils. 

© S' PHILIPPI ■ DFjI • D6 • YS6NBVRCH ■ MILIT'. 



Salentyn, Zw-rfc/Isenburg, al. Ysenborch, of Prussia. 

21.566. [a.D. 1346.] Light-brownish or uncoloured : good, 
slightly chipped. App. by strands of red silk. 1} in. [Add. 
ch. 12,733.] 

A shield of arms : two bars, ISENBURG. On a tree of three 
branches. Betw. two pairs of wyverns reguardant. 

Si S' ft SAL6NTINI ft DNI ft DC ft YSGNBOROH ft 
Beaded borders. 

21.567. [a.D. 1346.] Light-brownish or uncoloured : very 
imperfect. App. by strands of light-brown silk. [Add. ch. 

12,734-] 

I » DNI • . . € « YS6NB . . RCH. 



GERMANY: — HERALDIC SEALS. 21 5 

Syfrid, al. Syflfrid de Isenburg, Clerk, brother of 
Salentyn, Lord of Isenburg. 

21,568. [a.D. 1346.] Light-brownish or uncoloured : indis- 
tinct. App. by strands of red silk. Jin. [Add. ch. 12,733.] 

A shield of arms : two bars, ISENBURG. Betw. three sprigs 
of foliage. 

* S' • SYF'DI ■ De • YSeNB'G • CLeRIGI. 



Princes of Isenburg, in Hesse, etc. 
Letter Seal. 

21,569. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matri.x : indistinct. -^ X -,"-„ in. [xli.x. 94.] 

Octagonal : two shields of arms, en accolade : de.v. two bars, 
Isenburg, of Hesse, etc. ; sin. quarterly ; 1,4. conpe, three 
estoiles of six points, two and one ; 2, 3. two bars. Ensigned 
with prince's crown. 



Peter Jachopi, or Jacobi, of Austria (.'). 

21,570. [15th cent] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the DepL of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities, -[-f in. [xxxv. 38.] 

A sword, in allusion to the arms of jACOBI, vi::., a lion 
rampant holding a sword. Within a circle set in double 
trefoiled panel, ornamented with tracery. 

Legend betw. the points. 

ei S' • _ P6TRI • _ • lACHO _ PI. 
Beaded border. 



Baron Just, of Saxony. 
Letter Seal. 

21,571. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matrix : cracked, indistinct, i X l|in. [xlix. 95.] 

Oval : :. ..hield of arms : party per pale, dex. on a bend 
sinister a palm-branch ; sin. two bends, each charged with 
a palm-branch, JuST. Ensigned with coronet of five pearls. 
Supporters, on carved scrolls, two leopards rampant guardant. 
In base the ribbon and star of an Order. 



2l6 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Conrad Koeler, al. Koler, of Frankfort. 

21.572. [a.d. 1558.] Bronze-green, i in. Embedded in 
a red mass. \\ in. [Harl. ch. 11 1 B. i.] 

A shield of arms, coucli^: coiipt', in the chief part an axe or 
doloire, in base a tertre composed of three lumps of coal. 
Crest on a helmet and ornamental mantling, a demi-man, hold- 
ing over the r. shoulder a doloire as in the arms. 

Legend on scroll : — 

: S : CONRAD : KOLER : 

21.573. Sulph. cast from No. 21.572. [D.C., H. 113.] 



Evert von Kysleve, Knafe, of Geniiany. 

21,574. [a.d. 1473.] Dark-green, i in [Add. ch. 19,555.] 
A shield of arms : three arrows in pale, two and one, points 
upwards. 

Legend on scroll : — 

Sistllum : eucr : Drs 

Beaded border. 



Henry de Leye, Scabinus Conflttentice, Echevin of Coblentz. 

21.575. [A.D. 1318.] Bronze-green: chipped. \\ in. 
[Egert. ch. 249.] 

A shield of arms : a cinquefoil rose, in chief a label of three 
points. 

* s' HenRici • D6 • Leve ■ scab • coflTi. 

21.576. [a.d. 1 3 19.] Bronze-green: fine. [Egert. ch. 251.] 
fi= s' HenRici ■ oe ■ Leve • scab • coflm. 



Gerlach de Limpurg, Dovikclius, son of Gerlach, 
Lord of Limpurg, or Limbitrg, in Prussia. 

21,577. [a.d. 1344.] Light brownish-white : imperfect. 
App. by strands of green silk. About i^ in. when perfect. 
[Add. ch. 12,731.] 

A shield of arms, couche ; Llmpurg. See No. 21,527, the seal 
of the Lord of Limpurg. Crest on a helmet, a plumed cap. 
charged as the arms. Lambrequin or volet also charged 
as the arms. Background diapered lozengy, with double 
reticulated pattern. 

[S' DOMICELLI] ■ GCRLACI ■ D' ■ LIMPVRG. 

Beaded borders. 



GERMANY: — HERALDIC SEALS. 21/ 

21,578. [a.D. 1345.] Light brownish-white : very imper- 
fect. [Add. ch. 12,732.] 

S' ■ D0MIC6LLI ■ GGRLA 



Johan, Lord of Lympurg, of Prussia. 

21,579. [a.D. 1368] Light bronze-green: imperfect. 
About li in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,737.] 

A shield of arms, coiiM: a fess compony countercompony, 
betw. seven billets in chief four and three, and six in base, 
three, two, and one, for Lympurg, and LiMBURG. Crest on 
a [helmet and] mantling, broken off, betw. (two wings erect 
charged as the shield ?) Betw. two wavy sprigs of foliage. 
. . SeGILVM : I IS J dRi : D€ t L . . . . 

Beaded borders. 



Peter de Limpurch al. von Limburg, al. 
Lympurg, of Prussia. 

21,580. [a.D. 1345.] Light brownish-white, i in. [Add. 
ch. 12,732.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, LiMBURG. 

* S' PCTRI • D6 • LIMPVRCH. 
Beaded borders. 



Wilhem van Lymberg, wonafftich to Sterem, of 
Prussia. 

21,581. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-green. 1 in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass, if in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, for LiMBURG. 
S' WILHELMI RG. 



Conrad de Lindenhorst, al. Conrart van Lyndenhorst, 

Erffgreue to Dortiniinde, Frijgreue des hciligcn Rijcks 

der Keyserlicher Kameren to Dortniunde, 

in Westphalia, Prussia. 

21,582. [a.d. 1442.] Dark-green. \\ in. Embedded in 
a saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass, i-*- in. 
[Add. ch. 14.364.] 



2l8 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

A shield of arms, couck^ : bendy of twelve. Crest on 
helmet and mantling of foliage, a bearded bust in profile. 
Legend on scroll ; — 

S' : romaDi : 5c : * j* linDciUjovrt : *< 



Jean de Loen, Seigneur de Heynsbiirg, al. Heintburg, 
and Lbzvenburg, in Germany. 

21,583. [a.D. 1405.] Sulph. cast from chipped, indistinct 
impression. About i^ in. when perfect, [c.xxxi. 99.] 

A shield of arms, couckc: quarterly ; I, 4. per pale, dex. 
barruly for Heimburg, sin. cruzily fitchy, two bars adossed, 
2, 3. a lion rampant crowned, queue fourc/u'e passce en sautoir. 
Over all an escutcheon chequy. Crest on helmet, out of 
crown of three fleurs-de-lis, a pair of hare's ears erect. Sup- 
porters, two lions rampant, queue as on shield of arms. 

S' ioijan • b mriig .... tocnb'g. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,102. 



Vrederic de Lores, al. Frederich van Laere, of Prussia. 

21,584. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-green. \\ in. Embedded in 
a saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass, i^ in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : four bars, all over a lion rampant. 
S' • VR€D6RIC « De • LOR6S. 



Henrich van "Lynne, Frijgreiie der frijerstoile to 
Bodelswynge und Westhusen, in Prussia. 

21,585. [A.D. 1442.] Dark-green. \-^ in. Embedded in 
a saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass, i^ in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend three illegible charges (roses ?) 
betw. as many estoiles, in sin. chief, a couped head in profile 
to the 1. On foliage. Within a pointed trefoil panel. 

55r S's fjrnrici) *< ban » Ignnc *< brigrrur. 



Heinrich Malen van Weser. 
21,586. [Early 15th cent.] Green: indistinct. i in. 

[.xliii. 133] 



GERMANY :— HERALDIC SEALS. 219 

A shield of arms : a mullet betw. three annulets, the first 
enclosing a pierced mullet, each of the others a small roundle. 
The field ornamented with wavy sprigs. Wavy sprigs of 
foliage. 

<§>&<& i)fnriri) «> malm «> uan ® torfcr *< 
Beaded borders. 



George von Molsberg, or Molsperg, of Prussia. 

21,587. [a.d. 1368.] Light bronze-green: imperfect. 
About I J- in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,737.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant. (Cf the seal of Gyson, 

Lord of Mollesperg, Add. ch. 12,733, No. 21,588.) On 

foliage. 

RGI • D' • MOL3B6 . . 

Beaded borders. 



Gysen, Lord o/Molles-perg, Moilzberg, or Molesperg, 

the younger, in Prussia. 

21.588. [A.D. 1346.] Light-brown or uncoloured : indis- 
tinct. App. by strands of red silk, i in. [Add. ch. 12,733.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant. On elegant foliage. 

© S' GISONIS ■ D6 • MOlLZBeRG • IVNIORIS. 
Beaded borders. 

21.589. [a.d. 1346.] Another: well preserved. App. by 
strands of light-brown silk. [Add. ch. 12,734.] 

© S' GISONIS • De • MOILZB6RG • IVNIORIS. 



Theoderic Monsterer, called Rupach, Andernacensis 

Scabinus, £chevin of Andernach in Rhenish 

Prussia. 

21.590. [a.d. 1316.] Green: imperfect, i in. [Egert. 
ch. 239.] 

A shield of arms : on a chief three cinquefoils. 

. . . H60DORICI • MONSXeRCRI. 

21.591. [a.d. 1 3 17.] Pale greenish-white: chipped, indis- 
tinct, [Egert. ch. 245.] 

* S' THeOD€R[IC0 • M0NSTeR6RI. 



220 . CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Cristian Monstrer, Scabimis Andernacensis, Echevin 
of Andernacli in Rhenish Prussia. 

21,592. [a.D. 1317.] Dark-green: edge chipped. i in. 
[Egert. ch. 245.] 

A shield of arms : on a chief three roses of six leaves each. 
Cf. arms of Theoderic Monsterer, No. 21,591, where cinquefoils 
are borne in place of sixfoils or roses. Betw. four sixfoils. 
Within pointed quatrefoil panel. 

* S' CRlsmjACNI] • M[0]NSTR€RI. 

Beaded borders. 



Louis Henri, Cotmt of Nassau and Katsenellenbogen, etc. 

21,593. [a.D. 1648.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion. If X \\ in. [cxxxii. 35.] 

Oval : a carved oval shield of arms : quarterly ; i. billetty, 
a lion rampant, crowned, NASSAU ; 2. a lion rampant guardant, 
crowned, K.ATZENELLENBOGEN ; 3. a fess ; 4. two lions passant 
guardant in pale, DiETZ, or WiELNAU, etc. Ensigned with 
a coronet of five points fleury and four pearls alternately in 
sight. 



LVDWICH HENRICH GRAF Z- 


NASAV • CAZENHENBOG 


VIAND ■ V • D • H 


• Z • BEILST. 


Carved border. 




U'Arcq, No. 11,067. 





Dyderik Nortkerke, al. Diderich van Dem Vytinchove, 
called Nartkerken, of Prussia. 

21,594. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-green, i in. Embedded in 
a saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass. i'| in. 
[Add ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend three roundles. Within 
pointed trefoil panel with fleury points. 

S' » DgDrrife * nortferrfef. 



Rotger Nortkerke, al. van Dem Vytinchove, called 
Nartkerken, of Prussia. 

21,595. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-green. I in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass, if in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend three roundles. Cf. 

No. 21,594. 

S' ■ R0TG6R • NORTK6RK6. 



GERMANY: — HERALDIC SEALS. 221 



Wenemer Paschendale, al. Wenmar Paskendale, Frijgreiie 
des hogebornen Gerartz VAN Cleue, Greue to der 
Marcke der Frijergraschoppen, Harnme, etc., 
in Rhenish Prussia, etc. 

21,596. [a.d. 1442.] Dark-green. i-jV in. Embedded 
in a saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass. If 
in. [Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : three bars wav)'. Within trefoil panel, 
pointed, with trefoil at each point. 

StigtUwm » 212lcnfmcr » jiaBcijcnUar. 



Wineke Paskenda[le], al. Wyneke Paskendale, Frijgrcue 
des hogebornen Gerartz VAN Cleue, Grene to der Marcke 
der Frijergraschoppen, Hainme, etc., in Rhenish Prussia, etc. 

21,597. [a.d. 1442.] Dark-green. i| in. Embedded in 
a saucer-sliaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass. 1 1- in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : three bars wavy. 

S' • WIN6K6 • PASK€NDA'. 



Diderich Ploigher, al. Ploiger, Frijgreue der 
Krutmnergraschoff und des frijen S touts to Brunynchusen. 

21,598. [a.d. 1442.] Dark-green. i| in. Embedded in 
a saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass, if in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : an estoile of six points. Within trefoiled 
panel of tracery. 

%' *< BtDmci) «< i* tdoigtjcr ««. 



John, called Rode, Scabinus Andernacensis. £chevin of 
Aiidernach, in Rhenish Prussia. 

21.599. [a.d. 1 3 16.] Scmi-opaquc yellowish-brown, or 
uncoloured: very imperfect. About \\ X i^ in. when perfect. 
[Egert. ch. 239.] 

Shield-shaped : a shield of arms : a chief, over all a baton 
or bendlet, thereon a bird close. 

» © SIGILLVM ■ lOCHANNnS ■ DICTI • RVP . . I. 

21.600. [a.d. 1 3 17.] Dark-green: fragmentary. [Egert. 

ch. 245.] 

» fii SIG lOHANNIS • D 



222 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Prince Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha, K.G. 

[LfiopoLD George Christian Frederic, afterw. 
King of the Belgians, born 1790, ob. 1865.] 

Letter Seal. 

21,601. [Modern.] Recent impression in black sealing- 
wax, from matrix: bent, indistinct. | X ^^ in. [xlix. 108.] 

Oval signet : the German capital initial letter it encircled 
by a Garter inscribed with the motto of that Order ; ensigned 
with a prince's crown. Depending from the garter a label or 
scroll inscribed. 

In Extwt brst. 

Below, the Badge of the Order of the Garter encircled by 
another inscribed garter. 



Prince Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha, [aftenv. King of 

tfie Belgians], and Princess Charlotte of Wales, 

[dau. (/George IV. of England, ob. 18 17.] 

Letter Seal. 

21,602. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax : 
cracked, i^ X i^ in. [xlix. 107.] 

Rectangular : on a flowering branch with which is festooned 
a scroll inscribed TREU UND FEST, two shields of arms en 
accolade; dex. the shield of eighteen quarterings for PRINCE 
Le0P0LI>, encircled by a belt or band inscribed with the 
motto of the ORDER OF the Bath, * • tria ■ juncta • in ■ 
UNO ; sin. the Royal arms of ENGLAND (as for GEORGE IV., 
her father) for the PRINCESS Charlotte with a label of 
three points in chief, encircled by a band of foliage. There 
are six crests on as many helmets, and over all the ensign 
of a Prince's crown. Portions of Collars, and the badges 
of thirteen Orders hang from the shields and the branch 
of foliage. Supporters, two lions. 



Gottfried, Count von Sayn, or Seyne, Lord of 

Vallendar, in Prnssia. 

21,603. [a.d. 1346.] Light-brown or uncoloured. App. 
by strands of red silk. If in. [Add. ch. 12,733.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, crowned, queue fourch^e 
passee en santoir. Within a sixfoil cusped panel ornamented 
along inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

* •{• S' .*. DOMINI .♦. GOOeFRIDI .*. OS .*. SCYNG •!• 

Beaded borders. 



GERMANY : — HERALDIC SEALS. 223 

21,604. [a.d. 1 346.] Another : chipped, indistinct. App. 
by strands of light brown sil]<. [Add. ch. 12,734.] 

* •:- S' .'. DOMINI .*. GOD6FRIDI .% D€ .*. S6YNe •!• 
Cf. No. 21,608. 



Jean, Coimt of Sayn and Wittgenstein, Lord of Hombiirg 

and Vallendar, Prussia; Plenipotentiary of tJie 

Marquis of Brandenburg at the 

Congress of Miinster. 

21,605. [a.d. 1648.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion, li in. [cxxxii. 37.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; I, 4. two pales, WITTGEN- 
STEIN ; 2. a castle flanked with two towers, HoMBURG ; 
3. on a barre or bend sinister, three wild-boars' heads, bend- 
wise FreysbuRG, over all an escutcheon charged with a lion 
rampant guardant, Sayn. Crests, on three helmets and 
ornamental mantling ; dex. a chapeau with a plume of five 
ostrich feathers, WITTGENSTEIN ; centre 2. out of a ducal 
coronet, a pyramidal chapeau, curved, Sayn ; sin. the castle 
and towers as in the arms, HoMBURG. 

lOHAN ■ GRAF • Z • SAYN ■ V • WITGENSTEIN • HER • Z ■ 
HOMBVRG ■ V ■ VALLENDAR. 
Carved border. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,967 (erroneously described). 



Salentin, sen of Gottfried von Seyne, of Prussia, 

21,606. [a.d. 1346.] Light-brown or uncoloured. App. 
by strands of light-brown silk, i in. [Add. ch. 12,734.] 
A shield of arms : a lion rampant, queue fotirch^e passee en 

sautoir. 

^ S' SALCNTINI • D6 • S€YN€. 
Cf. No. 21,603. 



Ludivicus Schlaichwegg (?). 

21,607. [15 cent.] Sulph. cast from matrix preserved in 
Bodley's Library, Oxford, i in. [xlvii. 1800.] 
A shield of arms : a shuttle (?). 

S * IttJJibtcuB *%* ScJjIatcfjtocgg' *%* 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 457. 



224 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Counts Sebastian! (?) 
Letter Seal. 
21,608. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from matrix, i x i-^V 'i- [xlix. in.] 

Quadrilateral seal with rounded edges: a shield of arms: 
a castle front, with portal and side towers masoned and em- 
battled, a portal, etc., a chief tiered in pale, a. a dagger pale- 
wise, the hilt in base : b. a lion rampant ; c. a crescent turned 
to the left, enclosing a mullet. The shield ensigned with a 
count's coronet of five points. From below the shield the 
badges of two Orders hang by ribbons. Supporters, two 
lions. On ribbon in base the motto : 
SPES IN DEO. 



Johan van Slenderhaen, al. John de Sclenderhan, 
of Prussia. 

21,609. [.A..D. 1442.] Dark-green, i^ in. Embedded in 
a saucer-shaped, dark, semi-opaque uncoloured mass, i^ in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms, coiiche: on a fess three merles, or black- 
birds, for SCHLENDERHAN, of the pays de Juliers. Crest on a 
helmet and ornamental mantling of foliage, a wild boar 
statant beneath a double fleur-de-lis. 

Legend on scroll : — 

5' • lofjanitiB J Dc *< frlrnfl' • ijan. 

Beaded border. 



Bernhard von Solmiss, or Solmisze, Count of 
Solms, in Prussia. 

21,610. [a.D. 1346.] Light-brown or uncoloured: imper- 
fect. App. by strands of light-brown silk. About if in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,734] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, Cou.N'TS OF SOLMS. 

[*] S' • BCR .... I • COMITIS ■ D6 • S0LIVIISZ6. 
Beaded border. 



Johan von Solmis, or Solmze, Count of Sohtis. 

21,611. [a.D. 1346.] Light-brown or uncoloured: fine. 
App. by strands of light-brown silk. 2 in. [Add. ch. 12,734.] 



GERMANY: — HERALDIC SEALS. 2?$ 

A shield of arms : billetty, a lion rampant, SOLMS. Back- 
ground diapered lozengy. 

^ S' • lOHANNIS • COMITIS • De • SOLMZG. 
Beaded borders. 



Johan von Steyne, a/. Bosselstein, sot/ of 
Endrees von Steyne, of Pmssia. 

21,612. [a.D. 1359.] Bronze-green: fine, imperfect. H in. 
[Add. ch. 12,735.] 

A shield of arms, coucht' : a lion rampant, crowned. Crest, 
on a helmet and lambrequin a lion's head betw. a pair of 
wings erect. Background diapered lozengy, with small 
quatrefoil in each interstitial space. 

» S • D6 • BOSSetSTeT ■ MILIT. 

Beaded borders. 



Everhart, j-ti« ^////<? /?///£-;-, JoiiAN von Steyne, 
and Pastor of lie in. 

21,613. [a.D. 1359.] Bronze-green: chipped, i in. [Add. 
ch. 12,735.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, crowned, 
s' eeeRHART • pastor .... Hew. 
The letters ER and AR respectively conjoined. 
Beaded borders. 



Barons Stocken (?). 
Letter Seal. 
21,614. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix : indistinct, ttt ^ ttt '"• [xlix. 1 12.] 

Quadrilateral with rounded corners : a shield of arms : a 
bend sinister and border, the bend debruised by a bendlet 
charged with three estoiles. Ensigned with coronet of seven 
pearls, and supported by two falcons. Below shield, a label 
inscribed sic DONEC, on two palm branches. 



Balduin de Strodel, (f Erlangen in Bavaria. 

21,615. [15th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and Mediaeval 
Antiquities. J-f in. [xxxv. 205.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, Strodl, debruised by a 
bend. 

S' • BALDVIN • D' ■ STR0D6L. 

VOL. VL Q 



226 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Hermann of Treves, Burgess of Coblctitz, a/. 

HERMANNUS,rt^/V//« DE TREVIRI, OppidailllS 

Confiucntiinis. 

21,616. [a.D. 1302.] Dark-green: a fragment. App. by 
green silk threads plaited. About i in. when perfect. [Add. 
ch. 12,727.] 

A lion rampant. 

.... HGRM 



Dom Helyas, dictits Tater, A';?/"., of Mertelachc in 
Meyitfclt, {Minister, in Westphalia, Prussia). 

21,617. [a.D. 1317.] Brown, semi-opaque: imperfect. 
About I in. when perfect. [Egcrt. ch. :^47.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend three mallets or bougets (?). 
Background diapered lozengy. 

. . . HGLIAS .... 6R ... . VLACO. 



Heynken van Voirde, al. Heyneke van Voirde, 

Frijgrcm des Iiogeborne fursten Adolffs, hertogcn 

to Cleue, Jind Grciie to der marcke to 

Volmenstein, in Rhenish Prussia. 

21,618. [A.D. 1442.] Dark-green, i in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped dark semi-opaque uncolourcd mass, i^^ in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : a fish embowed in bend, in the sin. chief 
a mullet. Within trefoil or trilobe. 

Legend on ribbon entwined in and out with line of panel. 

« S J ijnmUrn • ban * botiflf. 



Johan Walram, of Trier, or Treves, in Prussia. 
21,619. [a.D. 1359.] Bronze-green : fine. ^ 'n- [Add. ch. 

I2.735-] 

A shield of arms, couche : a lion rampant withm a bordure. 

Crest on a helmet affrontee and chapeau, with long lappels, a 

lion statant [guardant ?] betw. a pair of wings. Background 

diapered lozengy with small quatrefoil in each interstitial 

space. 

S' IH06S * si WALRAMI Ji 

Beaded borders. 



OERMANV: — HERALDIC SEALS. 22/ 

Wilhem van Wele, al. van Hese, of Prussia. 

21,620. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-cjrccn. i in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped dark semi-opaque uncoloured mass, i^ in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364-] 

A shield of arms : three annulets. On foliage. 

js S' « * toillfm » * ban -« * tofl . . i . . . -^ 

Beaded borders. 



Arnold von Wermtrode, Knccht, of Prussia. 

21,621. [a.D. 136S.] Light bronze-green : very imperfect, 
li in. [Add. ch. 12,737.] 
A shield of arms: three lozenges conjoined in bend. On 

foliage. 

.... NVLDI ■ D' ■ w 

Beaded borders. 



Henrich van Wernelhusen, 

Frijgrcuc dcs Iieiligcii Rijchs dcr Kcyserliclier Kaiiicreu to 

Dortmiuide, in Westphalia, Prussia. 

21,622. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-green. iJ- in. Embedded in 
a saucer-shaped dark semi-opaque uncoloured mass, i ^ in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : uncertain, perhaps a fess betw. three 
charges. Within pointed trefoil panel. 

5 * J)tnr(ri) » ban * tocruclfturrn. 



Baron of Wessemberg-Ampringen, of Baden. 

21,623. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matri.x : cracked, injured by pressure. ijxii in. 
[.xli.K. 113.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a fess betw. three 
torteaux, Wessenherg ; 2, 3. two pales surmounted by a 
fess, Ampringen. Ensigned with baron's coronet of five 
strawberry-leaves ; encircled with the collar of the Order of 
St. Stephen (?) and supported by^ dex. a hunting hound, 
collared, reguardant, sin. a lion rampant, guardant, on 
carved scrolls. In base on ribbon the motto : — 



TE ET FORTITER. 



Q 2 



228 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Diderich van Wickede, of Bmnyncliusenjn Prussia. 

21,624. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-green, i in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped dark semi-opaque uncoloured mass. i| in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : per fess or coup^, in the chief part a 
fleur-de-lis, for Wickede, of Westphalia. 

S' • DiOciic • 0c • toicbcSc. 



Evert van Wickede, of Prussia. 

21,625. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-green, i^ in. Embedded in 
a saucer-shaped dark semi-opaque uncoloured mass, if in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

A shield of arms : coupe, in the chief part a fleur-de-lis, 
Wickede. In double-pointed trefoil panel, ornamented with 
fleury points. 

Legend between the points. 

+ S' + rto„rrt + _toau _hjtfftfi»_f + 



Henrich van Wickede, al. 
Hinric de Wickede, of Prussia. 

21,626. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-green : i| in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped dark semi-opaque uncoloured mass. i.J^ in. 

[Add. ch. 14,364-] 

A shield of arms : coupe, in the chief part a fleur-de-lis, 

Wickede. 

S' HINRIC • De ■ WICKeD'. 



William, Count of Wiede, Lord of Burschied and 
Ysenberch, or Iseuburg, in Prussia. 

21,627. [a.D. 1346.] Light brownish or uncoloured: in- 
distinct. App. by shreds of light brown silk. i{ in. [Add. 
ch. 12,734.] 

A shield of arms : two bars, ISENBURG. Crest on a helmet, 
chapeau, and volets or mantlings, a pair of wings erect. Back- 
ground diapered. 

» s' ■ WILLI • COMIX' • De ■ wieoe • dni oe brvsb'Gac?) • 
z De YseeeRCH. 



GERMANY :— HERALDIC SEALS. 229 



Johan Wolf, Scheffenmeister zii Trier e, 
Scabinus Trevirensis, Rclievin of Treves. 

21,628. [a.d. 1359.] Bronze-green: indistinct. i in. 
[Add. ch. 12,735.] 
A shield of arms : a crescent. On conventional foliage. 
* S • 10 • WOLF ■ SCABINI • TREV . . . 



Ysenborch, and Ysenburg. 
See ISENBURG. 



UNCERTAIN SEALS, PROBABLY 
OF GERMAN ORIGIN. 



A Prince. 

21^629. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix. iJ X i in. [xlix. Ii6.] 

Oval : on a mantling, fringed and looped up at the corners, 
and ensigned with the crown of a prince, a shield of arms : 
quarterly ; i. a church or temple, in the field a crescent and 
estoile ; 2. barry of six, a chevron ; 3. an anchor in bend ; 
4. an asp nowed and crowned. Over all an escutcheon, 
conpt', (a) a lion rampant, issuing, qtieue fotirchiie, (b) the 
Roman capital letter L, crowned. 



A Count. 

21,630. [Modern.] Recent impression in red seahng-wax. 
i; X I in. [xlix. 1 17.] 

Oval : on a flat plinth an oval shield of arms : an anchor, 
with three arrows in pile passing through the ring of the 
anchor, within a border charged with twelve roundles. En- 
signed with coronet of a count. Supporters, dcx. a bear, sin. 
a fox, each reguardant, on ribbon looped up on plinth. 



21,631. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix. J. X ^' in. [xlix. 118.] 

Octagonal : an oval shield of arms : two bars, in chief three 
mullets. Encircled with a garter inscribed VIRTUS ET HONOR. 
and ensigned with coronet of nine pearls. 



GERMANY: — UNCERTAIN SEALS. 231 



21,632. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix, [xlix. 120.] 

Quadrilateral, with rounded corners : on a plinth or corbel, 
a shield of arms : three palets, couped, fitchces. Ensigned 
with coronet of a (?) Marquis. Supported by two lions 
rampant. 

From the shield depend seven ribbons with stars or badges 
of different Orders. 



21,633. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix. l-nr^i^ '"• [xlix. 121] 

On a corbel a shield of arms : cotip^, (a.) a Paschal Agnus, 
(d.) a mountain set in the waves. Crest on a baron's coronet 
of nine points or pearls, on a bundle of lictors' fasces with axe 
and spear, an owl. Supporters, c/eAr. a crane with a plume 
or pen in its beak ; sin. an ostrich with a palm branch. 
From the shield depend three ribbons with badges of three 
Orders. In base on ribbon the motto : — 



GLORIARl HONESTIS. 



21,634. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from matrix. I5-X1 in. [xlix. 122.] 

Octagonal : a shield of arms ; i. an escarbunclc ; 2. (?) SCOT- 
LAND ; 3. ermine ; 4. a lion rampant. Over all an 
escutcheon fretty, impaling three fishes hauriant in pale, two 
and one. Ensigned with the coronet of a duke or marquis. 
Supporters, dc'x. a savage, wreathed about the head and loins, 
holding a club over the shoulder, sin. a lion. In base on 
ribbon : — 

tOPPRiESSUS SURGO. 



SEALS BEARING 
MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES. 



Schipher Johan Bodendorp, Borger to Liibik, 

{Liibeck in Hanover). 

21,635. [a.D. 143S.] Dark-green : indistinct. | in. [Harl. 

ch. 43 A. 81.] 

A merchant's mark. 

S' Ijans faoDcnDorp «< 



Amt Cleynsinet, al. Arnolt Kleynsinet, 

Frijgreiie des Iwgeborne Gerarts van Cleue, etc., 
in Prussia. 

21,636. [a.D. 1442,] Dark-green. i| in. Embedded in 
a saucer-shaped dark semi-opaque uncoloured mass, i^ in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

On a shield a merchant's mark. Within a pointed trefoil 
panel. 

S! S' • arnolt *< felrrnfm . . . *< 

Beaded border. 



Herman Hakenbergh, Frijgreue des Iwgeborue 
fursten Adolkfs, hcrtogeit to Cleue, etc., in Prussia. 

21,637. [a.D. 1442.] Dark-green, i in. Embedded in a 
saucer-shaped dark semi-opaque uncoloured mass. i^ in. 
[Add. ch. 14,364.] 

On a shield a merchant's mark. Bctw. three sprigs of 
foliage. 

+ «i S '« + *« ij'man * + *« Ijahrnlicvglj ^ 

Beaded borders. 



GERMANY : — MISCELLANEOUS SEALS. 233 

Leuzemannus Heyricus, Scahifiits Andernach, or 
llclievin of Andernach, in the Archlnshopric of Treves. 

21,638. [a.d. 1 3 16.] Bronze-green: fine, chipped. i| in. 
[Egert. ch. 239.] 

A ram's or antelope's head, couped, giittce. Background 
diapered lozengy with roundle in each interstitial space. 
.... IVON . . . Ni • H . . . . 



Philip Mooser, of Frankfort. 

21,639. [a.d. 1558.] Bronze-green. \\ X -^ in. Em- 
bedded in a red mass: cracked, i^ in. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 B. i.] 

Shield-shaped : a merchant's mark or monogram composed 
of the initial letters P. M. with an arrow point in pale above 
them. Betw. the initial letters p. M. 



Richolfus, Scabimis Confluentinus, or 

Echeviji of Cobleiita. 

21.640. [a.d. 1314.] Bronze-green: imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 233.] 

A saint, standing full-face, a chalice in the 1. h. Perhaps 
St. John the Evangelist. 

OLFl .... BINI • CONFLV . . . 

21.641. [a.d. 1318.] Bronze-green: much injured. [Egert. 
ch. 249.] 



Jacobus Scheudewin, " Opidatins Confluentinus!' 

21,642. [a.d. 1305.] Light-brown, i in. [Egert. ch. 230.] 
A seeded fleur-de-lis. 

«! S' lACOBI • SCHeVD€WIN. 
Beaded borders. 



ITALY. 



ITALY. 



CAROLUS, King of Italy. A.D. 88l. 
Seti Carolus III., Emperor {of Germany), p. 7, No. 21,117. 



BERENGARIUS, King [of Italy]. A.D. 888-922. 

21,642*. [A.D. 905.] Brown, en placard. Fine. 2 X 1 1 in. 
With a high raised rim showing marks of an ornamental 
setting. [Add. ch. 29,242.] 

Oval : a bust draped, turned to the r. in profile. Dress 
fastened with large fibula or brooch on the r. shoulder. 
Jewelled fillet, with two ties behind the head, and three 
pendants behind the ear. Spear, and convex circular shield 
with a cruciform ornament or device thereon. 
BERENGARIVS REX. 

Invected border, probably of the metal rim enclosing the 
engraved face of the matri.x, which may have been com- 
posed of crystal or a precious stone. 

21,642**. [A.D. 913.] Another, somewhat indistinct. 
[Add. ch. 37.631.] 

BERENGARIVS REX. 



hB.HOlj¥, King of Italy, od. A.D. 8gg. 
6"^^ Arnolf, Emperor {of Germany), p. 7, No. 21,118. 



NAPOLEON BUONAPARTE, King of Italy, etc. 
See^oX. v., pp. 140, 141, Nos. 18,135, 18,136. 



237' 



MILAN. 



MILAN. 



VALENTINE DES VICONTES DE MILAN, daughter of 

Jean Galeas Viscoxti, Count of Milan ; -wife of Loxiis, 

Duke of Toiiraine and Orleans, etc. A.D. 138^-1402. 

See Vol. v., pp. 851-S52, Nos. 20,707-20,719. 



CHARLES, Duke of Milan, etc. A.D. 1450. 
SeeNo\. v., p. 586, No. 19,612. 



FRANCESCO SFORZA, Duke of Afilan. A.D. 1401-1466. 

21,643. [.\.D. 1464.] Sulph. cast from an indistinct im- 
pression. 2i in. [c.xx.xii. 53.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. an eagle displayed 
crowned ; 2, 3. MILAN, for the Anxient Duchy OF MILAN. 
Background replenished with foliage and flowers. 
^ »< FRANCISCVS «< FORTIA «< 

vicecoMes «< dvx «< mgdiglani *< e ^^ 

D'Arcq, No. 11,711 ; with reading of FOR Ml A for the second word of 
the legend ! 



BIANCHA MARIA VISCONTI, Diuhess of Milan, wife of 

Fr.wcesco Sforza ; dan. and heiress (/Philip Maria 

ViSCONTi, last Duke of Milan ; ob. A.D. 1468. 

21,644. [.\.D. 1465.] Sulph. cast from an indistinct im- 
pression. 2| in. [cxx.xii. 54.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly, as in No. 21,643. Above the 
shield an eagle rising ; at each side a triple-towered castle. 

^ BLANCHA MARIA ■ UlCeCOMCS - 
DUCISSA • M€DIOLANI • GT • CGXeRA. 

Inner border carved with roses. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,712, with reading of CETAN. . for the List word of the 
legend. 



\uO\il%, Duke of Milan. A.D. 1510. 

See Vol. v., p. 131, No. 18,112. 
VOL. VL 



NAPLES, 
JERUSALEM, 

AND 

SICILY. 



R 2 



NAPLES, JERUSALEM, and SICILY. 



GREGORY I., Duke of Naples. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21,645. [Mid. 7th cent.] Leaden. | in. [.\li.\. 124.] 
p. Tiie legend in three lines : — 

GREGO 

RIV3 
DVX • N. 

R. The legend in two lines : — 

lACIN 
S. 
With this bulla is preserved an old memorandum : . . . . 
" Piombo che probabilmente appartiene ad un Gregorio I 
duca di Napoli, il quale .... visse ai tempi di Niccolo 1°, 
P.P., la paleografia corrisponde ad alcuni monumenti lapidarj 
del sec. di Adriano I., P.P., uno de' quali e visibile nel portico 
di S. Maria in Cosmedin. Se possa interpretarsi per NT 
r ultima parte della leggenda del nome del santo lACIN • si 
direbbe che si fosse scritto iacin> lacintus, protettore della 
Basilicata cui forse professava speciale devozione il d°. Duca." 

21,645*. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of the 
preceding bulla, [cxiv. 129, 130.] 



BOAMUNDUS, or BOEMUND, Prince of Antioch. 
Leaden Bulla. 
21,646. [nth or 12th cent] Leaden: indistinct in parts. 
\\ in. [xliv. 2.] 

0. The Prince riding on horse to the 1. ; with helmet, 
shield, and lance-flag with long streamers. 

g> I SIGILLVM 1 BOAMVNDI I PRINCIPIS ANTIOCHie : 
R. A figure of St. Peter with a long cross on a staff, on the 
1. h. side ; St. Paul with his right hand elevated, on the r. h. 
side. Betw. them a lily or fleur-de-lis on a branch of foliage. 
* ; SANCTVS ; P€TRVS : SANCTVS : PAVLVS i 
There were seven princes of this name after a.d. 1098. See Anderson, 
p. 690. 



246 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

21,646*. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,646. [c.xii. 19, 20.] 



FREDERIC, King of Jerusalem, ob. A.D. 1250. 

See Friedrich, King of the Romans, etc., 
pp. i8, 19, Nos. 21,1 50, 21,152. 



FREDERIC, King of Sicily, etc. ob. A.D. 1250. 

See Friedrich, King of the Romans, etc., 
pp. 18, 19, Nos. 21,151, 21,152. 



CONRAD, Heir to the Kingdom of Jerusalem, etc., 
ob. A.D. 1254. 

See CUNRADU.S, King of the Romans, etc. 
p. 20, No. 21,155. 



EDMUND, King of Sicily and Apulia, {Earl of Lancaster, 

Leicester, Derby, etc., surnamed " Cronchback." second son of 

King Henry III. of England), ob. A.D. 1296. 

Bulla. 

21,647. Metal facsimile of the bulla or piece struck by 
Pope Ale.xander IV., for Edmund as titular king, during 
lifetime of King Conrad. \-^ in. [xliii. 73.] 

0. The King, in robes of majesty, and crowned, seated 
full-face on a carved bench-like throne, in the r. h. a sceptre 
fleur-de-lis^, in the 1. h. an orb or mound surmounted with a 
cross ; feet on a projecting footboard. 

S±^ * GADMUNDUS ; DGI i GRACIA i SICILI6 : R6X *. 

The design at the beginning of the legend is a crescent 
enclosing a slipped trefoil. 

R. A shield of arms : ENGLAND. 

« : eADMVNDUS : NATVS : REGIS : ANGLI6 : ILLVSTRIS. 

Sonic pairs of letters conjoined in monogram. 
Beaded borders. 

Sandford, p. io3 {obv. only), and cf. p. 105. For seals of this King as 
Prince of England, see Vol. III., p. 3S0, Nos. 12,663-12,668. 



NAPLES, JERUSALEM, AND SICILY. 247 

FREDERIC III., King of Sicily. 
Signet. 

21.648. [a.d. 1306.] Plaster cast from good impression. 
^ in. [cxxxii. 69.] 

Impression of an antique oval intaglio gem. fXf in. 
Engraved with a representation of Omphale, standing, turned 
to the right, draped, the r. 1. bent at the knee, carrying a 
distaff over the shoulder. At the sides, on the setting of the 
gem, the initial letters F. T. {Frideriats Tertius). 

^ INICIUM • SAPI6NCI6 • TIMOR • DOMINI. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,770. 

ROBERT, King of Jeyiisalem 

and Sicily, Count of Provence, and Forcalquier, Lord of 

Avignon. A.D. 1309- 1343. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21.649. Leaden. Originally app. to a document by a woven 
bobbin. i-| in., lead i^ in. [xlvii. 54.] 

f). A shield of arms : seuic-de-lis, a label of five points, for 
Anjou-Sicily. Above the shield the initial letter : B : for 
Bulla, the commencing word of the legend : — 

* ROB'TI : Dei : GRA : IGRL'M : 6T : SICIL' : RGG'. 

H. A shield of arms : four pales, ProvENCE. 

^ coMiTis -(PuTcie • er • forg ■ er • dni ■ avin. 

D'.Vrcq, No. 4521, from an impression attached to a deed dated 
A.D. 1312. 

21.650. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,649. [cxiv. 139, 140] 

21.651. Leaden, corroded : indistinct, [xxxviii. 154.] 

0. : B : Ss ROB'TI : DGI GRA : IGRL'M eT SICIL' R6G. 
li. -i- COMITIS i>UICie [6T] FORC • CT • DNI ■ AVIN. 
The letters OR in FORc' conjoined in monogram. 

21.652. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,651. [cxiv. 135, 136.] 



A nothe.r type. 

21,653. Leaden, very much corroded : indistinct, [xliii. 

I 79-] 

Similar to the foregoing but not from the same matrix. 



248 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



21,654. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,653. [cxiv. IJ7, 138.] 



RENE, of Anjo7i, King of Jernsalem and Sicily, Aragon, 

the Island of Sicily, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, and Corsica ; 

Duke of Anjou and Bar ; Count of Barcelona, Provence, 

Forcalqnier, and Piedmont. 

21,655. [a.D. 1478.] Red, covered with paper before 
impression : very indistinct. 3 in. [Add. ch. 12,771.] 

A shield of arms: coupe 'i\\& z\i\&{ tierce'm pale ; i. HUNGARY 
(Ancient) ; 2. Anjou-Sicily ; 3. Jerusalem ; in base 
per pale, dex. Anjou, sin. Bar. Ensigned with a coronet of 
three fleurs-de-lis in sight, betw. two trefoils. Betw. two 
staves raguly. 

Legend almost illegible. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,783, from an impression app. to a document dated 
A.D. 146 1, where the legend of this troisihiic sceait is read as : — - 

S • irnatt prtnu regis lin'lm rt ficilic Surts anOrgabir 

ft prtlttnOnttlEi. — with a countcrseal bearing an " objet 

diliicile a rcconnaitre. C2uelque chose commc deu,\ sacs ou deux bourses 
superpose^es." Anselme, toni. i., p. 231. 



RENE II., King of Jerusalem and Sicily, Duke of Lorraine 

and Bar, etc. 

21.656. [A.D. 1497.] Red: very imperfect. About 3I in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,772.] 

0. The King, turned to the r., in plate armour, riding on a 
caparisoned horse springing to the r. The armorial bearings 
of the shield, surcoat, and horse's caparisons are as described 
for the ;'«■'. Background, semt' of fleurs-de-lis. 

Legend wanting. 

H. A smaller round counterseal. i-^"^ in. diam. An angel 
with nimbus, full-face, wings inverted, holding in front, betw. 
two palm branches, a shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. on a 
bend three alerions, LORRAINE ; 2, 3. as described for Renil I., 
No. 21,655, with addition of a small escutcheon charged with 
arms of PROVENCE. 

Cabled border. 

JEANNE of Provence, Queen of ferusalem and Sicily, 
Countess of Provence and Forcalqnier, Lady of Avignon. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21.657. \circ. A.D. 1380.] Leaden : indistinct. Partly 
twice struck. Originally app. to a document by coloured 
threads, i ,',, m. [xlviii. 42.] 



NAPLES, JERUSALEM, AND SICILY. 249 

0. A shield of arms : seme'-de-lis, a label of five points, for 
Anjou-SicILY. Above the shield, the initial letter % B § for 
Bulla, the commencing word of the legend : — 

■^ lOHA A § IHR' g ex S SICIL g RGGINA 

U. A shield of arms : four pales, PROVENCE. 

-& [COJMITISSA SPVICI6 2 eX S FORCQ S € S DVA S AVIN. 

The letters E T in ET conjoined in monogram. 
Beaded borders. 
Cf. D'Arcq, No. 11,772. 

21,658. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,657. [cxiv. 141, 142.] 



LOUIS XII., King of Sicily and Jerusalem. A.D. 1510. 
5^6' Vol. v., p. 131, No. 18,112. 



LEOPOLD I., King of Jerusalem, Duke of Lorraine 
and Bar, etc. A.D. 1690-1729. 

Great Seal. 

21,659. Red : very imperfect. About 4^ in. when perfect, 
[xlviii. 48.] 

0. The Duke in a full suit of plate armour, with crown and 
crest — an eagle rising with wings erect, royally crowned — on 
his head, carved oval shield of arms, and sword, mounted on 
a war-horse, richly caparisoned, galloping to the r. on a 
platform or pedestal on which are classical trophies of armour 
and flags ; in the background the view of a harbour with 
shipping. The field of the seal is replenished with the cross 
of Lorraine, surmounted by a crown and two bars addosses. 
The armorial bearings of the shield and trappings are : 
I. Hungary, 2. Naples, 3. Jerusalem, 4. Provence, 
5. Anjou, 6. Gueldres, 7. Juliers, 8. Bar, over all an 
escutcheon of LORRAINE. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) ;— LEOPCOL3DVS ■ I • D ■ G ■ DVX ■ LOXH • EX • 
BAR • REX ■ lER' • MARCH ■ DVX • CAL GVELD. 

[Inner circle) :— MAR • MVS ■ EX • NOM • COM • PRO ■ PAD ■ 
AL . . . IM • ZVX • SAR ■ SALM • . . . ALK • 

B. A smaller round counterseal. \\j; in. diam. An 
ornamental shield of the arms described on the obv., ensigned 
with a crown. 

CONXRESELLE DV GRAND SEAV. 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 794 ; Bouillct. p. 4.74 ; Falliot, La Vraye Science, p. 51. 



250 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



JOSEPH, King of Jerusalem, etc. A.D. 1765. 

See Joseph II., Emperor of Germany, 

pp. 79-81, Nos. 21,281, 21,282. 



ROYAL BOTANICAL GARDENS AT NAPLES. 

Letter Seal. 
21,660. \c. A.D. 1830-1859.] Recent impression in red 
wax. i-?^ X H '1- [xli.x. 65.] 

Oval : an oval shield of arms ensigned with a crown royal, 
and encircled with the collars of the Order of the GOLDEN 
Fleece, and five other Orders, with their respective Badgres. 
The shield is charged with the armorial bearings of the 
Royal Family of the Two Sicilies, of which several of the 
quarterings are very indistinct. 

FERDINAND II RE DEL REGNO DELLE DUE SICILIE. 
In the exergue, in a lunette-shaped compartment : — 
R'. ORTO BOTANICO. 



ROME. 



ROME. 



POPES. 

JOHN V. A.D. 685, 686. 
Leaden BuUcb. 

21.661. Leaden, very much oxidised : indistinct. About 
I in., but flattened. Diam. of metal i| in. [xxxviii. I.] 

0. An estoile or fleurette of eight points. 

* lOHANNIS. 
H. Five pellets arranged in a quincunx thus : — • ■ • 

Legend : — „©. 

'^ PA 

PAE 

21.662. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,661. [cxvii. I, 2.] 

Mabillon, De Re Diploiiatica, p. 453. 



A not her type. 

21.663. Leaden, partially corroded : imperfect. About 
l-i in. [xxxviii. 2.] 

0. A cross. 5j; lOHANNIco. 

The S lying down is noteworthy. 
li. Legend in two lines : — 

PA 
E 

PA 

The a's with oblique cross-bars. E with small triangular 
horizontal strokes. 

21.664. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,663. [cxvii. 3, 4.] 

Ficoroni, De Plumbeis Anliquorttni, pi. xi. 



254 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

SERGIUS I. A.D. 687-701. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.665. Leaden : fairly well preserved. Originally app. 
by a hempen cord to a document, i-^ in. [xxxviii. 3. J 

j9. A monogram : — 

■%: 

^ SERGII. 

R. ^ 

P A 

Beaded borders. 

21.666. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,665. [cxvii. 5, 6.] 

Mabillon, /. c, p. 453. 

Another type. 

21.667. Leaden, corroded : indistinct. About | in. when 

perfect, [xxxviii. 4.] ^ ^ 

S6R 
Gil. 

The G is of peculiar form, resembling s. 
R. «■ 

P A 
PA€ 

+ 

The first a with v-shaped bar. 
Beaded borders. 

21.668. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,667. [cxvii. 7, 8.] 

Cf. Ciaconius, Vit. Pontificuni, fol. Rome, 1676, torn, i., col. 492 ; 
Ficoroni, A c, pi. xxiv. 

GREGORY II. A.D. 715-731 ; 

GREGORY III. A,D. 731-741 ; 

or GREGORY IV. A.D. 826-844. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21.669. Copper electrotypes of a leaden bulla much 
corroded : very imperfect. About i in. when perfect. 

[cxvii. 9, 10.] 

GRe 
GORII. 



ROME: — POPES. 25$ 



P A 
PAE 

The g's with vertical tail ; the a's with v-shaped cross-bar. 
Beaded borders. 



ZACCHARIAS or ZACHARIAS. A.D. 741-752. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.670. Leaden, much corroded : imperfect, indistinct. 
About I in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 5.] 

0. * 

ZAC 

CHAR 

IA€ 

PA 
RAG 

The cross-bar of the A's springs from the foot of tlie left 
hand stroke. 

Beaded borders. 

21.671. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,670. [cxvii. II, 12.] 

Cf. Ciaconiu";. Z-7te Pontificmn^ fol. Rome, 1676, torn, i., col. 524. 



STEPHEN I. A.D. 253-257 ; 

STEPHEN II. A.D. 752 ; 

STEPHEN III. A.D. 752-757 ; 

or STEPHEN IV. A.D. 768-772. 

Leadeti Bullce. 

21,672. Leaden, corroded : indistinct. About i in. when 
perfect, [xxxviii. 6.] ^ ^ 

ST€ 
PHA 

Nl © 

R. * 

PA 

PAe 

The a's with oblique cross-bar springing from the foot of 
the left hand stroke. 
Beaded borders. 



256 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

21,673. Copper electrotypes from the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,672. [cxvii. 13, 14.] 



Another type. 

21,674. Leaden, corroded : indistinct. About i in. 
[.xxxviii. 7.] 

0. * 
ST6 
PHCA] 
Nl [*] 

R. * 

:pa 

PA6 

The a's formed as described for the preceding bulla. 
No. 21,672. 

Beaded borders. 

Ciaconius, Vit. Pontiff., torn, i., col. 170, figures one of these two types 
under Stephen L, and states: — " Quamvis Icon istud potius ad pri- 
mum vel secundum, seu tertium .Stephanum Romanum Fontificem 
spectare haud certi simus ; cum in illo [nihil] nisi Stephani Paps nomen 
exprimatur ; ad primum tamen nos referimus ; si enim ad alios spec- 
taret, procul dubio, secundi, vel tertii de more nomen apposuissent." 
From the similarity of some of the forms of letters to those of Pope 
John v., it is not improbable that these three types belong to the era of 
Pope Stephen II. See also Ficoroni, /. c, pi. xxv. 



Third type. 

21,675. Leaden, much corroded : indistinct, i in. [.xliv. 

183-] 

0. * 
STE 
PHA 
Nl 



Beaded borders. 



ft. * 

PA 
PAE 



21,676. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rez'. of 
No. 21,675. [cxvii. 17, 18.] 



ROME : — POPES. 257 



PAUL I. A.D. 717-767. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21,677. Leaden, corroded : indistinct. About i in. when 
perfect, [xli.x. 123.] 

PAV 
LI 



R. 



PA 

PAE 



Beaded borders. 



21,678. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,677. [cxvii. 19, 20.] 



NICOLAUS, or NICHOLAS L A.D. 858-867. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.679. Leaden, corroded : indistinct. About i in. when 
perfect, [xxxviii. 8.] 

0. An estoile or fleurette of eight points. 

* NICOLAI. 

R. P A 

PAE 

Trhor, pi. xxiv., fig. I; Ciaconius, Vit. Pontiff., torn. I, col. 650; 
Wailly, Elements de Paleogr., torn, ii., p. 376. 

21.680. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,679. [cxvii. 21, 22.] 



JOHN Vin. A.D. 872-882. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21,681. Leaden, somewhat corroded. Originally app. to a 
document by strands of silk, if in. [xxxviii. 9.] 

0. ® 

lOHA 

• NN€S • 

• PP • VIII ■ 

R. A small cross pattee in the centre, betw. the head of St. 
Paul on the left hand or dexter ^\<^&,\\\'i\\ straight hair brushed 
VOL. VI. S 



258 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

off the face and long pointed beard, and that of St. Peter with 
curled hair and short beard on the right hand or si>iister side, 
each enclosed in a curved compartment or panel of irregular 
outline marked by beaded lines, perhaps a form of nimbus. 
Overhead is the legend or inscription : — 

■ PA • PE • 

for Paiilus — Petrus. In the base, betvv. the heads cf the 
Saints, a cross pattee. 

This design of the heads of the two chief saints of the 
Apostolic See has been retained in use, with slight modifica- 
tions, to the present time. 

21,682. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rez'. of 
No. 2 1, 681. [cxvii. 23, 24.] 



BONIFACE VI. A.D. 896. 
Leaden Bulla. 
21,683. Leaden : fairly well preserved. Originally app. 
to a document by yellow silk strands, now faded, i^^ in. 

0. 



[xxxviii. 10.] ^ eo^, 



FATIVS 
PP • VI • 

The first stroke of the v's is perpendicular. 

B. On a mount or tertre a cross pattce on a long foot. 
Betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter as described in 
No. 21,681. Overhead the legend or inscription : — 

S'PA • S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21,684. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,683. [cxvii. 25, 26.] 



MARTIN III. A.D. 943-946. 
Leaden Bulla. 
21,685. Leaden, corroded : indistinct. Originally app. to 
a document by a hempen cord. If in. [xxxviii. 11.] 

MAR 

TINVS 

o PP o III o 

ft. The cross on a staff, betw. the heads of St. Paul and 
St. Peter within beaded compartment.s, as described in the 
preceding bulla. No. 2i,68i. 

S'PA ■ s PE. 



ROME : — POPES. 259 



21,686. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,685. [cxvii. 27, 28.] 



CLEMENT II. A.D. 1046, 1047. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.687. Leaden, patinated : fairly good preservation. 
Originally app. to a document by strands of red and yellow 
silk. i^in. [xxxviii. 12.] 

0. «> 

® CLe «> 

M6NS 
: PP : II : 

R. A cross pattce, with pearl or ball at the top, on a long 
foot, perhaps set on a mount or tertre, now very indistinct, 
betw. the heads of the Saints in compartments as before 
described. 

S'PA S'PE. 

Beaded borders. 

21.688. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,687. [cxvii. 29, 30.] 



BENEDICT X. A.D. 1058, 1059. 

A ntipope. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21.689. Leaden, patinated : fairly well preserved. Ori- 
ginally app. to a document by a hempen cord. i-;^ in. 

[xxxviii. 13.1 

% B6N6 
DICTVS 

o DD o Y o 
o r " o A o 

B. A cross pattce, with top carrying a pearl or ball. Not 
on a foot or mount. Betw. the heads of the Saints as 
described in preceding bulla. No. 21,681. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.690. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,689. [cxvii. 31, 32.] 



S 2 



26o CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

NICOLAUS, or NICHOLAS 11. AD. 1058-1061. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.691. Leaden, patinated : somewhat indistinct. Originally 
app. to a document by hempen cords. About \-^ in. 

[xxxviii. 14.1 

Nice 

LAUS 

• pp • II ■ 

R. Resembles very closely the rev. of the previous bulla. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.692. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 2i,69L [cxvii. 33, 34.] 



ALEXANDER II. A.D. 1061-1073. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.693. Leaden, patinated : somewhat indistinct. Ori- 
ginally app. to a document by a cord of purple silk, i^-in. 
[xxxviii. 15.] 

0. ALG 

XANDGR 
■ PP ■ II • 

R. On an orb, represented by a small pellet covered with a 
half circle, a cross /iz/AV with a small ball on the summit, set 
on a long foot. Betw. the conventional heads of the Saints, 
as described in previous bulla. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.694. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,963. [cxvii. 35, 36.] 



GREGORY VIL A.D. 1073-1085. 

Leaden Bttlla. 

21,695. Leaden, patinated : fairly well preserved. Ori- 
ginally app. by a cord of blue and white worsted. About 
I4 in. [xx.xviii. 16.] 

0. GR6 

GORIVS ■ 
PP ■ VII • 



ROME : — POPES. 261 



B. Resembles the rev. of the previous bulla : but not from 
the same matrix. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21,696. Copper electrotypes of the oliv. and rev. of 
No. 21,965. [cxvii. 37, 38.] 



URBAN II. A.D. 1088- 1099. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.697. Leaden, corroded, perishing : indistinct. About 
IJ- in. [xxxviii. 17.] 

0. UR 

BANVS 
• PP • II • 

R. Resembles the t-ev. of the preceding bulla ; but not from 
the same matrix. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.698. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,697. [cxvii. 39, 40.] 



PASCHALIS II. A.D. 1099-III8. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.699. Leaden, imperfectly impressed : indistinct. Ori- 
ginally app. to a document by a red silk cord. li in. 
[xxxviii. 18.] 

■ PAS 
CHAL'S 

PP • II • 

B. A cross pattee on a long foot, as described in previous 
bulla, betw. the busts of St. Paul and St. Peter, without the 
beaded compartments enclosing them, as described before. 
In this design the neck and shoulder of each Saint is shown. 

S'PA S'PE. 

Beaded border of obv., that of the rev. not apparent. 

21.700. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,699. [cxvii. 41, 42.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, Nos. 6025, 6026 ; Tr^sor, pi. xxiv., fig. 2 ; Nouveau Traiti 
de Diplomatique, torn, iv., p. 310 : Wailly, Elements dc PaUogr., 
torn, ii., p. 376. 



262 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

CALIXTUS, al. CALLISTUS II. A.U. III9-II24. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.701. Leaden : imperfectly impressed, indistinct. Ori- 
ginally app. by a twisted cord of white silk to a document. 
About l^in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 19.] 

CALI 

XJVS 
• PP ■ II • 

R. A long cross, slightly splayed at the ends, betw. the 
heads of St. Paul and St. Peter, each in a nimbus of horse- 
shoe shape open at the neck. 

SPA S'PE. 

Beaded borders of obv. ; that of rev. not apparent. 

21.702. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,701. [cxvii. 43, 44.] 



HONORIUS II. A.D. 1 1 24-1 180. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.703, Leaden, patinated : fairly well preserved. Ori- 
ginally app. to a document by twisted strands of greenish 
yellow silk, if in. [xxxviii. 20.] 

HONO 

RIVS 
■ PP • II • 

B. A long cross, with a pearl or pellet at the ends of the 
vertical part. Betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter as 
described for previous bulla, each within a pearled or beaded 
compartment of irregular shape. 

S'PA • S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.704. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,703. [cxvii. 45, 46.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6027. 



ROME : — POPES. 263 



INNOCENT II. A.D. 1130-II43. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.705. Leaden, corroded. Originally app. to a document 
by silk strands. If in. [xxxviii. 21.] 

INNO 

CGNTIVS 
PP • II • 
Beaded border. 

B. A long cross (cf. the rev. of the bulla of Cali.xtus II., 
No. 21,701) betvv. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter, each in 
a nimbus or compartment of irregularly curved form. 

S'PA S'PE. 

21.706. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,705. [cxvii. 47, 48.] 

En2;r. in Zyllesius, Defens. S. Maxim., p. 57, pt. 3 ; cf. D'Arcq, 
Nos. 6028-6032. 



ANACLETUS II. A.D. 1130-I138. 

(Antipope) 

Leaden Bulla. 

21.707. Leaden, much corroded : indistinct, if in. [xxxviii. 
22.] 

ANA 

CLETVS 
PP • II ■ 

B. A long cross with a slightly cleft semicircular foot, 
betvv. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter, each enclosed in a 
nimbus or compartment of irregular form. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.708. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,707. [cxvii. 49, 50.] 



LUCIUS II. A.D. 1 144, 1 145. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21,709. Leaden, corroded : indistinct. Originally app. to a 
document by a plaited skein of red and yellow silk strands. 
1 1 in. [xxxviii. 23.] 

0. LV 
avs 
pp II • 



264 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

R. A long cross, slightly patt^e, with a small pellet on the 
top, betvv. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter, enclosed within 
a nimbus or compartment of irregular shape. 

S'PA S'PE 
Beaded borders. 

21,710. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,709. [cxvii. 51, 52.] 



EUGENIUS III. A.D. 1145-1153. 
Leaden B 11 1 Ice. 

21.711. Leaden, patinated. Originally app. to a document 

by a twisted cord of red and greenish yellow silk, if in. 

[xxxviii. 24.] 

0. «= 

EVGEN 

IVS • PP 

• III • 

U. A cross patt/e. on a long foot, with a cleft semicircular 
foot, betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter, as before, each 
enclosed in a nimbus or compartment of irregular shape. 

S'PA SPE. 

21.712. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,711. [cxvii. 53, 54.] 



A iiotlier type. 

21.713. Leaden, corroded : imperfect, indistinct. Originally 
app. by coloured silk strands, i-;^ in. [xxxvi. 207.] 

0. EV 

GGNIVS 

PP ■ III ■ 

R. A long cross paUi^e as to the top and arms, on the top 

a small pellet, betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter as 

before, each enclosed in a nimbus or compartment of irregular 

shape. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

Trdso)-, Sceaux des Rois, etc., pi. xxiv., fig. 3 ; cf. D'.\rcq, Nos. 
6036, 6037. 

21.714. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,713. 



ROME :— POPES. 265 



ADRIAN IV. A.D. 1154-1159. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.715. [a.d. 1156.] Leaden: fairly well preserved. App. 
by strands of twisted green silk. If in. [Had. ch. in A. 2.] 

ADRI 

ANVS 

pp • nil ■ 

B. A cross pat t^e, on a long foot, on the summit a pellet, 
betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter, as before, each 
enclosed in a nimbus or compartment of irregular shape. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.716. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,715. [cxvii. 57, 58.] 



Another type. 

21.717. Leaden, slightly corroded: good, i^ in. design; 
If in. metal, [xxxviii. 25.] 

ADRI 

^NVS 

• PP • nil • 
From a different matrix. 

ft. Similar to the foregoing No. 2 1,7 1 5, but from a different 
matrix. 

One of the principal variations in these two types is 
that there is a small stop, dot or pellet before the contracted 
word • rt" • in this second type. 

21.718. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and re^i. of 
No. 21,717. [cxvii. 59, 60.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6039. 

ALEXANDER III. A.D. 1159-1181. 
Leaden Bidlce. 

21.719. Leaden, patinated : somewhat indistinct Origin- 
ally app. to a document by strands of purple silk. i| in. 
[xxxviii. 26.] 

0. Ate 

XANOeR 

• pp • III ■ 

R. A cross pattce, on a long foot, with a pellet on the 
summit. The foot appears to be semicircular, enclosing a 



266 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

pellet. Betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter, each enclosed 
within a nimbus or compartment of irregular shape. 

S'PA S'PE. 

21.720. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,719. [cxvii. 61, 62.J 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6040. 

Another type. 

21.721. Leaden : well preserved. App. by strands of 
faded silk. [Harl. ch. in A. 3.] 

0. ALEX 

ANDER 

• pp • III • 

R. Similar to the foregoing No. 21,719, but from a different 
matrix. 

The principal, and most apparent, difference betw. this and 
the previous type is its general coarseness, and the position 
of the X in Alexander, on the first line of the inscription. 

Beaded borders. 

21.722. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 

No. 2I,72L [cxl. I, 2.] 

21.723. Leaden : well preserved. App. by strands of 
yellowish green silk. [Harl. ch. in A. 4.] 

21.724. Copper electrotypes of the obv, and rev. of 
No. 21,723. [cxvii. 63, 64.] 



A doubtful type. 
21,725. Leaden, very much corroded, [xxxiv. 50.] 



LUCIUS III. A.D 1181-1185. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21,726. [.\.D. 1 182.] Leaden, beginning to decay: good. 
App. by silken strands. 14- in. [Add. ch. 12,833.] 

0. LV 

CIVS 
■ PP • III • 

R. A cross patti'e, on a long foot, and with a pellet on the 
summit, betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter as before 



ROME : — POPES. 267 



described, each enclosed in a nimbus or compartment of 
irregular shape. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.727. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,726. [cxl. 3, 4.] 

21.728. Leaden. Originally app. to a document by strands 
of red and green silk, [xxxviii. 27.] 

21.729. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rei\ of 
No. 21,728. [cxvii. 65, 66.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6041. 

URBAN III. A.D. 1 1 85-1 187. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.730. Leaden : good preservation. Originally app. to a 
document by strands of red and yellow silk. i| in. [xxxviii. 
28.] 

0. UR 

BANVS 
■ PP • III • 

H. A cross patt^e, on a long foot with semicircular base, 
with a pellet at the summit and in the curved base, betw. the 
heads of St. Peter and St. Paul, as before, each enclosed in a 
nimbus or compartment of irregular shape, 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.731. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 31.730. [cxvii. 67, 68.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6042. 

GREGORY VIII. A.D. 11 87. 

Leaden B1dla.^ 

21,732. Leaden, corroded : indistinct. i| in. [xxxviii. 29.] 

GR6 

jGORIVS 

PP • vni • 

R. A cross patte'e, on a long foot with a roundle or pellet at 
top and base, betw. the heads of the Saints as described be- 
fore, and enclosed in nimbus or compartment of irregular shape. 

SPA SPE. 
Beaded borders. 



268 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



21,733. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,732. [cxvii. 69, 70.] 



CLEMENT III. A.D. 1187-1191. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.734. Leaden, patinated : indistinct. Originally app. to 
a document by a twisted hempen cord. If in. [xxxviii. 30.] 

0. CL€ 

MENS 
• PP • III • 

R. A cross pattee on a long foot set on an orb or mound, 
betvv. the heads of the Saints as before, each enclosed within 
a nimbus or compartment of irregular shape. 

SPA S'PE. 

21.735. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,734. [cxvii. 71, 72.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6043. 



CELESTINE III. A.D. 1191-1198. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.736. Leaden : well preserved. Originally app. to a 
document by yellow and red strands of silk, i J- in. [xxxviii. 

3I-] 

0. CEL6 

STINVS 
• PP • III ■ 

R. A cross fatUe, on a long foot resting on a semicircular 
foot enclosing a pellet, perhaps intended for an orb or mound, 
and having on its summit a pellet, betvv. the heads of the 
Saints as described before, each enclosed in a nimbus or com- 
partment of irregular shape. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.737. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and fcz'. of 
No. 21,736. [cxvii. 31.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6044. 



ROME : — POPES. 269 



INNOCENT III. A.D. 1198-12 16. 
Leaden BhIIcb. 

21.738. Leaden : good preservation. Originally app. to a 
document by strands of hempen cord, if in. [xxxviii. 32.] 

0. INNO 

CG^NTIVS 
• PP • III ■ 

li. Type similar to the re2>. of the foregoing bulla. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.739. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,738. [cxvii. 75, 76.] 

21.740. Another: corrosion beginning in several places, 
[xxxiv. 51.] 

21.741. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,740. [cxl. 5, 6.] 

21.742. [a.d. 1207.] Another: corrosion beginning in 
several places. Originally app. to Add. MS. 4792, fol. 122, 
by yellow silk strands, [xxxvi. 224.] 

21.743. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,742. [cxl. 7, 8.] 

Cf. Trhor, Sceaiix des Rois, etc., pi. xxiv., fig. 4 ; D'Arcq, No. 6045. 



AnofJier type. 

21.744. [a.d. 1 2 14.] Leaden: fairly good. App. by 
strands of yellow silk. [Cott. ch. viii. 24.] 

0. and R. These closely resemble the foregoing, but from 
a different matrix, shown by the oblique stroke of the second 
N in the name, which in the former type does not reach to 
the top of the first vertical stroke, in this later type it does so 
reach. There are, also, numerous minute variations of position 
of details. 

21.745. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,744. [cxl. 9, 10.] 



2/0 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

HONORIUS III. A.D. 1216-1227. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.746. Leaden : fine. Originally app. to a document by 
strands of red and yellow silk, [xxxviii. 33.] 

HONG 

RIVS 

• pp • III • 
R. A cross path'e, with a pellet on the summit, and on a 
long foot with semicircular base enclosing a pellet, betw. the 
heads of the Saints as described before, each enclosed in a 
nimbus or compartment of irregular shape. Cf. rev. of the 
bulla of Celestine hi., No. 21,736. 

SPA S'PE. 
Eeaded borders. 

21.747. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,746. [cxvii. 77, 78.] 

21.748. [a.d. 1225.] Leaden: somewhat indistinct. App. 
to a document by strands of yellowish green silk. [Woll. ch. 
X. 32.] 

21.749. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,748. [cxvii. 79, 80.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6046. 



GREGORY IX. A.D. 1227-1241. 

Leaden Bullce. 

First type. 

21,750. [a.d. 1228.] Leaden: well preserved. App. by 
strands of red and yellow silk. Obv. if, rev. \\ in. [Harl. ch 

1 1 1 A. 8.1 

GR€ 

GORIVS 
• PP • Villi • 

The last stroke of the R cut off obliquely. 

R. A cross pattee, topped with a pellet, and on a long foot 
with semicircular base enclosing a pellet, betw. the heads of 
St. Paul and St. Peter, each enclosed in a pearled nimbus or 
compartment of irregular shape. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 
Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6047, from a document dated, a.d. 1227. 



ROME: — POPES. 271 



21.751. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,750. [cxvii. 81, 82.] 

21.752. [a.d. 1229.] Leaden, corrosion beginning: fairly 
good. App. by strands of red and yellow silk. [Harl. ch. 
1 1 1 A. 9.] 

21.753. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,752. [cxl. II, 12.] 



Second type. 

21.754. [a.d. 1230.] Leaden, corrosion beginning : fairly 
good. App. by twisted strands of red and yellow silk. 
[Harl. ch. in A. 10.] 

U) GRG 

GORIVS • 

• pp • Vim • 

Similar to the foregoing, but from a diiiferent matrix, shown 
by the shape of the R, and by the position of the ^ mark of 
contraction, which in the previous type is betw. the o and G, 
but in this type is directly beneath the o. 

R. Very similar to the rev. of the previous type, but not 
from the same matrix. 

Beaded borders. 

21.755. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,754. [cxl. 13, 14.] 

21.756. Leaden, corroded : indistinct in parts, [xxxviii. 

34] 

21.757. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,756. [cxvii. 85, 86.] 



Third type. 

21.758. [a.d. 1234.] Leaden, corroded: indistinct. App. 
by strands of red and yellow silk. About i| in. [Woll. ch. 
xi. 24.] 

This appears, so far as may be ascertained from its corroded 
condition, to belong to the third type, for description of which see 
No. 21,760. 

21.759. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,758. [cxl. 15, 16.] 



272 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



21.760. [a.d. 1235.] Leaden, finely patinated. App. by a 
hempen cord. [Had. ch. in A. 12.] 

GR6 

GORIVS 

■ pp ■ Vim ■ 

The first R with the final stroke ending flatly on the line of 
writing. 

R. Resembles the rev. of previous types. 
Beaded borders. 

21.761. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rez: of 
No. 21,760.] [cxxiii. 30, 31.] 

21.762. Another impression, cut from a document. [Sloane 
xxxiv. 52.] 

21.763. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,762. [cxl. 17, 18.] 



Fourth type. 

21.764. [a.d. 1237.] Leaden, patinated. App. by strands 
of red and yellow silk. iJ- in. [Stowe ch. 571.] 

GR6 

GORIVS • 

• PP • Vim • 

The G's have a final knob on this type. 
B. Resembles the rev. of previous types. 
Beaded borders. 

21.765. Copper electrotypes of the obv and rev. of 
No. 21,764. [cxl. 19, 20.] 

21.766. [a.d. 1238.] Leaden, corroded : indistinct in places. 
App. by strands of yellow silk. [Add. ch. 16,150.] 

21.767. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,776. [cxvii. 83, 84.] 

21.768. [a.d. 1 241.] Leaden, corroded : very indistinct. 
App. by a hempen cord. [Add. ch. 20,371.] 

21.769. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,768. [cxl. 21, 22.] 



ROME : — POPES. 273 



Fifth type (?). 

21.770. Leaden, much corroded : very indistinct, if in. 
[xxxvi. 170.] 

GRe 

GORIVS 
• PP ■ Villi ■ 

B. Resembles, as far as may be ascertained, the rev. of 
former impressions. 

21.771. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,770. [cxI. 23, 24.] 

21.772. Leaden, very much corroded : indistinct, [xxxiv. 
56.] 

21.773. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,772. [cxl. 25, 26.] 



INNOCENT IV. A.D. 1243-1254. 

Leaden Bulla:. 

First type. 

21.774. [a.D. 1244.] Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. 
App. by a hempen cord. l^-in. [Harl. ch. in A. 13.] 

INNO 

CeNTIVS 

■ PP • nil • 

B. A cross pattee topped with a pellet, and on a long foot 

set on a semicircular base enclosing a pellet, betw. the heads 

of the saints as described before, each enclosed in a pearled 

nimbus or compartment of irregular shape. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.775. Copper electrotypes of the chv. and rev. of 
No. 21,774. [cxl. 27, 28.] 

21.776. [a.D. 1244.] Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. 
App. by strands of red and yellow silk. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 A. 14.] 

21.777. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,776. [cxvii. 89, 90.] 

21.778. [a.D. 1245.] Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. 
App. by strands of red and yellow silk. [Harl. ch. ill A. 17.] 

\Ol.. \ 1. T 



274 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

21.779. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,778. [cxl. 29, 30.] 

21.780. Leaden, very much corroded, spHt into two parts 
by the oxidisation of the metal, [xxxv. 72.] 



Second type. 

21.781. [.\.D. 1251.] Leaden, the corrosion commencing: 
fine. App. by a hempen cord. i^in. [Add. ch. 20,373.] 

0. INNO 

C6NTIUS 
• PP • nil ■ 

The position of the mark of contraction -^ beneath the 
6 in the name is here different to that of the previous type, 
cf also position of T in regard to the numerals below it. 

H. Resembles the rev. of the previous type, but perhaps 
from a different matrix. 

Beaded borders. 

21.782. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,781. [cxl. 31, 32.] 

21.783. [a.d. 1252.] Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. 
App. by a narrow flaxen tape. [Harl. ch. ill A. 19.] 

21.784. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,783. [c.xvii. 87, '&'&^, 

21.785. Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. App. by 
strands of red and yellow silk. [xxxv. 73.] 

21.786. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,785. [cxvii. 91, 92.] 

21.787. Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. Originally 
app. to a document by strands of red and yellow silk, 
[xxxviii. 35.] 

21.788. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,787 [cxl. 33, 34.] 

21.789. Leaden, corroded : indistinct, [xl. 96.] 

21.790. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,789. [cxvii. 93, 94.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 604S. 



ROME : — POPES. 275 



ALEXANDER IV. A.D. 1254-1261. 

Leaden Bullce. 

First type. 

21.791. [xiv. Kal. Sept., A.D. 1255.] Leaden, partially 
indistinct from corrosion. App. by strands of red and yellow 
silk. Oh', i^. i?i?i'. liin. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 A. 20.] 

0. ALG 

XAND6R 
• PP • nil • 

The curved part of the mark of contraction ^ in pp is 
exactly under the left hand down-stroke of the A in the second 
line, in this type. 

R. Resembles the rev. of previous bullce. 

Beaded borders. 

21.792. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,791. [cxl. 35, 36.] 

Cf. Trisor, Sceaux ties Rois, pi. xxiv., f. 5 ; D'Arcq, No. 6049. 

21.793. [a.D. 1256.] Leaden, patinated, corroded : injured 
in places by pressure, indistinct. Originally app. by strands 
of yellow and red silk, now replaced by red tape. [Add. ch. 
14,711] 

21.794. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,793. [cxl. 37, 38.] 

21.795. Leaden, very much corroded : almost illegible, 
[xxxiv. 58.] 

21.796. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rez>. of 
No. 21,795. [cxl. 39, 40-] 

21.797. Leaden, corroded throughout : illegible. Originally 
app. to a document by a hempen cord, [x.xxvi. 209.] 

Uncertain if of this or the following type. 



Later type. 

21,798. [hi Id. Dec, A.D. 1255.] Leaden, very much 
corroded. App. by strands of red and yellow silk, and 
enclosed in an ancient leather case. [Harl. ch. 75 A. 2.] 

(^ ALG 

XAND6R 
• PP ■ Mil ■ 

T 2 



276 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

In this type, which appears from the date of the documents 
bearing bullce of ALEXANDER IV. to have been used con- 
currently with the first type already described, the curved 
part of the mark of contraction ^ over • PP • is exactly under 
the open angle of the capital letter A in the second line. 

R. Resembles the rev. of previous bullce. 

Beaded borders. 

21.799. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rei'. of 
No. 21,798. [c.xl. 41, 42.] 

21.800. [a. D. 1256.] Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. 
App. by a hempen cord. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 A. 22.] 

21.801. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and re%K of 
No. 21,800. [c.xl. 43, 44.] 

21.802. [a.D. 1256.] Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. 
App. by strands of red and ye'.low silk. [Harl. ch. in A. 23.] 

21.803. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and nv. of 
No. 21,802. [cxl. 45, 46.] 

21.804. Leaden, partly corroded. Originally app. to a 
document by strands of red and }-ello\v silk, [xxxviii. 36.] 

21.805. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,804. [cxvii. 95, 96.] 

21.806. Leaden, very much corroded : almost illegible, 
[xxxv. 74.] 

21.807. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No.. 21,806. [cxl. 47, 48.] 



URBAN IV. A.D. 1 261- 1 264. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21,808. Leaden, corroded. Originally app. by hempen 
cords, i^ in. [xxxviii. ij^ 

0. UR 

BANUS 
• PP • Mil • 
R. The cross pattee on a long foot set on a semicircular 
base, as before, betw. the heads of the two Patron Saints 
enclosed in pearled nimbi or irregular compartments. 

SPA SPE. 
Beaded borders. 



ROME : — POPES. 277 



21,809. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,808. [cxvii. 97, 98.] 
Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6050. 



CLEMENT IV. A.D. 1265-1268. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.810. [a. D. 1266.] Leaden, corrosion commencing. App. 
by strands of red and yellow silk. i| in. [Add. ch. 26,045.] 

MENS 

■ pp • nil ■ 

R. Resembles the rev. of bjillce previously described. 
Beaded borders. 

21.811. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,810. [cxl. 49, 50.] 

21.812. [A.D. 1268.] Leaden, patinated, slightly corroded. 
App. by strands of red and yellow silk. [Add. ch. 6306.] 

21.813. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,812. [cxl. 51, 52.] 

21.814. Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. Originally 
app. to a document by a hempen cord, [xx.xviii. ^i^^ 

21.815. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,814. [cxvii. 99, 100.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6051. 



GREGORY X. A.D. 1 271-1276. 
Lmden Bulla. 

21.816. [a.D. 1274.] Leaden, patinated, corrosion com- 
mencing : fine. App. by strands of red and yellow silk. 
\\ in. [Harl. ch. in A. 24.] 

GRe 

GORIVS 
• PP • X' • 

R. Resembles the rev. of biillce previously described. 
Beaded borders. 

21.817. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 2 1,8 1 6. [cxl. 53, 54.] 



278 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

21.818. [a.d. 1274.] Leaden, patinated, corrosion com- 
mencing : fine. App. by strands of red and yellow silk. 
[Harl. ch. ill A. 25.] 

21.819. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,818. [cxl. 55, 56.] 

21.820. Leaden, patinated, somewhat corroded. Originally 
app. to a document by strands of red and yellow silk, 
[xxxviii. 39.] 

21.821. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,820. [cxviii. I, 2.] 

Trhor, I. c, pi. xxiv., fig. 6 ; D'Arcq, No. 6052. 



INNOCENT V. A.D. 1276. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.822. Leaden, corroded in parts : somewhat indistinct. 
i-pg- in. [xxxviii. 40.] 

INNO 

C6TIVS 

P P V • 

R. Resembles the rev. of bulla; previously described, but not 
from the same matrix. 
Beaded borders. 

21.823. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,822. [cxviii. 3, 4.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6053. 



JOHN XXI. A.D. 1276, 1277. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21,824. Leaden, very much corroded in parts. Obv. i f^- 
in., rev. i\ in. [xxxviii. 41.] 

0. 10 

HANNES 

PP ; XXI 
B. Resembles the rev. of the previous bulla of INNOCENT V., 
and apparently from the same matrix. Cf. rev. of Urban IV.'s 
bulla. 

S'PA • SPE. 
Beaded borders. 



ROME: — POPES. 279 



21.825. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,824. [cxviii. 5, 6.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6054. 

21.826. Leaden, corroded throughout, much augmented in 
size by the swelling of the metal during process of oxidisation, 
[xxxiv. 49.] 



NICOLAUS or NICHOLAS III. A.D. 1277-1280. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.827. Leaden, patinated, partially corroded : indistinct. 
Originally app. to a document by strands of silk. \\ in. 
[xxxviii. 42.] 

Nice 

LAVS 

o PP o III o 

The legend is in Lombardic capital letters. 
R. Resembles the rev. of bulla; previously described, but 
not from the same matrix. Cf. rev. of the bulla of Urban IV. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.828. Copper electrotypes of the obi>- and rev. of 
No. 21,827. [cxviii. 7, 8] 

Cf. a variant described by D'Arcq, No. 6055. 



MARTIN IV. A.D. 1281-1285. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.829. [A.D. 1283.] Leaded, patinated. App. by twisted 
strands of red and yellow silk. i-^V in. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 A. 26.] 

MAR 

TINVS 
■ PP • nil • 

In ornamental Lombardic capital letters. 
R. Resembles the rev. of bullce previously described, but 
not from same matrix. Cf. rev. of the bulla of URBAN IV. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.830. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,829. [cxviii. 9, 10.] 

21.831. Leaden, patinated, seriously affected by corrosion : 
originally fine, [xx.xviii. 43.] 



28o CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

21,832. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,831. [cxl. 57, 58.] 
Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6056. 



HONORIUS IV. A.D. 1285-1287. 

Leaden Bullce. 

First type. 

21.833. Leaden : fairly good. App. by a hempen cord 
to an English poem concerning the Lollards, of the iSth 
century! i^ in. [Add. ch. 12,794.] 

O HONG 

j?ivs 
• PP • nil • 

The legend in ornamental Lombardic capital letters. 

B. Resembles the rev. of bulla previously described. Cf. 

rev. of the bulla of URBAN IV. 

S'PA S'PE 
Beaded borders. 

21.834. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,833. [cxl. 59, 60.] 

21.835. Leaden, corroded throughout : almost illegible, 
[xxxiv. 55.] 

21.836. Leaden, corroded very much, patinated. [xxxviii. 

44] 

21.837. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,836. [cxviii. II, 12.] 

Trilsor, pi. xxiv., fig. 7 ; cf. D'Arcq, No. 6057. 



Second type. 
21,838. Leaden : fairly good. Originally app. to a docu- 
ment by strands of green silk. ItV '"• [xxxviii. 45.] 

HONG 

^IVS 
Pk ■ IV 

R. Resembles the rev. of bull(Z already described, but not 
from the same matri.x. 
Beaded borders. 



ROME: — POPES. 281 



21,839. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,838. [cxviii. 13, 14.] 



NICOLAS IV. A.D. 1288-1292. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.840. [a.d. 1288.] Leaden, corrosion commencing : fair. 
i| in. [Harl. ch. 11 1 A. 27.] 

0. NICO 

J.AVS 

• pp • nil • 

The legend in ornamental Lombardic capital letters. 

H. Resembles the rev. of bullce already described. Cf. rev. 

of the bulla of Urban IV. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.841. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,840. [cxl. 61, 62.] 

21.842. Leaden, corrosion setting in : indistinct in parts, 
[xxxviii. 46.] 

21.843. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,842. [cxviii. 15, 16.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6058. 



BONIFACE VIII. A.D. 1 294-1 303. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.844. Leaden, corroded: very indistinct. \\ in. 
[xxxiv. i,-/?[ 

BONI 

^ATIVS 
pp ; VIII • 

R. Resembles the rev. of bullce previously described, Cf. 
rev. of the bulla of Urban IV. 
Beaded borders. 

21.845. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,844. [cxviii. 19, 20.] 

21.846. Leaden, corroded : very indistinct. Originally 
app. to a document by strands of red and yellow silk, 
[xxxviii. 47.] 



282 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

21,847. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,846. [cxviii. 17, 18.] 
Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6060. 



BENEDICT XL A.D. 1303-1304. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.848. Leaden, patinated: indistinct. Originally app. to 
a document by silk strands. \-^ in. [xxxviii. 48.] 

; BGNe 

DICTVS 
g PP S XI § 

The legend is in ornamental Lombardic capital letters. 
R. Resembles the rev. of biillce previously described. Cf. 
rru. of the bulla of Urban IV. 

S'PA S'PE 
Beaded borders. 

21.849. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,848. [cxviii. 21, 22.] 

Cf. a variant type in D'Arcq, No. 6061. 



CLEMENT V. A.D. 1305-1314. 
Leaden Bidla. 

21.850. Leaden, much corroded, nearly split into two 
halves by the oxidisation. About i:^ i"- vhen perfect, 
[xxxviii. 49.] 

0. CLG 

M6NS 
: PP : V 

B. Resembles the rev. of bull(Z already described. Cf. rev. 
of bulla of Urban IV. 
Beaded borders. 

21.851. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,850. [cxviii. 23, 24.] 

21.852. Leaden, nmch corroded : very indistinct. Ori- 
ginally app. to a document by a hempen string. [xxxvi. 
171.] 

21.853. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,852. [cxviii. 25, 26.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6062. 



ROME :— POPES. 283 



JOHN XXII. A.D. 1 3 16-1334. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.854. Leaden, somewhat injured by corrosion. App. by 
a hempen cord. \\ in. [Add. ch. 20,554.] 

lOHA 

NN6S 
• PP : XXII • 

li. Resembles the rev. of biill(2 previously described. Cf. 
rev. of the bulla of Urban IV. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.855. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,854. [cxviii. 27, 28.] 

21.856. [a.D. 1326.] Leaden, corroded : indistinct. App. 
by strands of red and yellow silk. [Cotton ch. vi. 6.] 

21.857. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,856. [cxl. 61, 64.] 

21.858. [a.D. 1333.] Leaden, metallic lustre: indistinct. 
App. by a hempen cord. [Cotton MS., Cleopatra E. II., 
fol. 15.] 

21.859. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,858. [cxl. 65, 66.] 

21.860. Leaden, very much corroded, swelled with oxi- 
disation, [xxxviii. 50.] 

21.861. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,860. [cxl. 67, 68.] 

21.862. Leaden, patinated, corrosion commencing : indis- 
tinct in many parts, [xliii. 144.] 

21.863. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,862. [cxviii. 29, 30.] 

21.864. Leaden : cracked, indistinct, [xlviii. 68.] 

21.865. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,864. [cxxiii. 28, 29.] 

21.866. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of a fairly 
good impression, [c.xxxix. 23, 24.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6063. 



284 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 

BENEDICT XII. A.D. 1 334-1 342. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.867. Leaden, corroded. Originally app. to a document 

by strands of silk, i-i,- in. [xxxviii. 51.] 

; BeNe 

DJCTUS ■ 
■ PP ■ XII • 

Apparently from the same matrix as the obv. of the bulla 
of Benedict XI., see No. 21,848, with addition of i at the end 
of the numerals. 

R. Resembles the rev. of bulhe previously described. Cf 
rev. of the bulla of Urban IV. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.868. Copper electrotypes of the olw. and rev. of 
No. 21,867. [cxviii. 31, 32.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6064. 



CLEMENT VI. A.D. 1 342-1 352. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.869. Leaden, corroded. Originally app. to a document 
by strands of red and yellow silk. \-^ in. [xxxviii. 52.] 

0. * 

* CLe 

M.6H3 
* PP VI « 

B. Resembles the rev. of bullce previously described. Cf. 
rev. of the bulla of Urban IV. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.870. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,869. [cxviii. 33, 34.] 

21.871. Leaden, much oxidised. Strands wanting, [xxxv. 

75-] 

21.872. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,871. [cxl. 69, 70.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6065. 



ROME : — POPES. 285 



INNOCENT VI. A.D. 1 3 52- 1 362. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.873. Leaden, somewhat corroded : injured. i-j^- in. 

[xxxviii. 53.] 

0. » 

IN NO 

ceTivs 

PP VI 

J» 

Apparently adapted from the rev. of the bulla of INNO- 
CENT v., by removing the stop after v, and supplying an 
additional figure I. 

Beaded borders. 

21.874. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and ;-«'. of 
No. 21,873. [cxviii. 35, 36.] 

21.875. Leaden, perished with excessive corrosion and 
oxidisation of the metal, [xxxiv. 59.] 

21.876. [a.d. 1360.] Leaden : fine. App. by strands of 
red and yellow silk. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 A. 29.] 

21.877. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,876. [cxviii. 37, 38.] 

21.878. [a.d. 1361.] Leaden, metallic : indistinct. App. 
by a hempen cord. [Cotton MS., Cleopatra E. 11., fol. 100.] 

21.879. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,878. [cxl. 71, 72.] 

21.880. Leaden, corrosion commencing in parts, [xxxv. 
76.] 

21.881. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
JNo. 21,880. [cxl. 73, 74.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6066. 



URBAN V. A.D. 1362-1370. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21,882. [a.d. 1364.] Leaden, patinated, corrosion com- 
mencing : fine. App. by a hempen cord, i-i in. [Harl. ch. 

1 1 1 A. 30.1 

-URB 

ANUS 
• PP • V ■ 



286 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

The stops and the apex of the letter A consist of lions' 
faces. 

B. Resembles the rev. of biillce previously described. Cf. 

rev. of bulla of URBAN IV. 

S'PA • S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.883. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,882. [cxviii. 39, 40.] 

21.884. Leaden, patinatcd : fairly preserved. Originally 
app. to a document by strands of red silk, [xxxviii. 54.] 

21.885. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,884. [cxl. 75, 76.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6067. 



GREGORY XI. A.D. 1 370-1378. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.886. [a.D. 1375.] Leaden, corrosion commencing: 

fairly well preserved. App. by a hempen cord, i-j^ in. 

[Harl. ch. in A. 31.] 

« GRe 

GORIUS 
« PP * XI « 

R. Resembles the rev. of bnll<s previously described. Cf. 
rev. of bulla of Urban IV. 

SPA SPE. 
Beaded border.s. 

21.887. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 2i,8Sri. [cxviii. 41, 42.] 

21.888. Leaden, completely oxidised and corroded : almost 
illegible, [xxxviii. 55.] 

Cf. Trhoy, I. c, pi. xxiv., fig. 10 ; and a variant (?) described by 
D'Arcq, No. 6068. 

URBAN VI. A.D. 1 378-1389. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.889. [A.D. 1379.] Leaden, patinated : in good preserva- 
tion. Originally app. by a hempen cord, now by a piece of 
modern red tape. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 A. 35.] 

■ URB 

ANUS 
■ P> ■ VI 



ROME : — POPES. 287 



The stops are eagles' heads erased. Below the legend, two 
eagles displayed. These devices are here employed in 
allusion to the arms of the family of PklGNANO of which the 
Pope was a member, viz. an eagle displayed. 

R. Resembles the rev. of bti/lce previously described. Cf. 
the rev. of the bulla of URBAN IV. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.890. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 2 1,8 -'9. [cxl. 77, 78.] 

21.891. [a.D. 1380.] Leaden, slightly patinated : fine. 
App. by strands of red and yellow silk. [Harl. ch. in A. 32.] 

21.892. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,891. [c.xviii. 45, 46.] 

21.893. [.A.D. 1380.] Leaden, slightly corroded: fine. 
App. by a hempen cord. [Harl. ch. 1 1 1 A. 36.] 

21.894. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,893. [cxl. 79, 80.] 

21.895. [a.D. 1389.] Leaden, corrosion commencing: 
fine. App. by strands of red and yellow silk. [Add. ch. 
5958.] 

21.896. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev, of 
No. 21,895. [cxl. 81,82.] 

21.897. Leaden, oxidised in places : indistinct, [xxxviii. 
56.] 

21.898. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,897. [cxl. 83, 84.] 

21.899. Leaden, patinated, corroded : indistinct, [xxxviii. 

I97.] 

21.900. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and 7-cv of 
No. 21,899. [cxl. 85, 86.] 

21.901. Leaden, thoroughly corroded, swollen with oxidisa- 
tion. Originally app. to a document by silken strands, 
[.x.xxvi. 172.] 

21.902. Leaden, very much corroded : almost ille"ible. 
[cxxxix. 31.] 



288 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



CLEMENT VII. A.D. 1 378-1 394. {Antipope) 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.903. [a.D. 1381.] Leaden, patinated, corrosion com- 
mencing : fine. App. by strands of red and yellow silk. I ^ 
in, [Add. ch. 12^622.] 

0. * CL€ • 

Mens 

* PP ■ VII * 

R. Resembles the rev. of bjill<z previously described. Cf. 

the rev. of the bulla of URBAN IV. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.904. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,903. [cxviii. 43, 44.] 

21.905. Leaden, very much corroded, [xxxviii. 57.] 

21.906. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and ;'«■'. of 
No. 21,905. [cxl. 87, 88.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6069. 



BONIFACE IX. AD. 1389-1404. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.907. Leaden, parts patinated, very much corroded : very 
indistinct. About i-^^ in. [xxxviii. 58.] 

I BONI 

FATIUS: 
pp ; villi • 

R. Resembles the rev. of bulla; previously described. Cf. 
rev. of bulla of Uruan IV. 
Beaded border.s. 

21.908. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,907. [cxviii. 47, 48.] 

21;909. Copper electrotypes as above, [cxviii. 49, 50.] 

21,910. Leaden, a fragment thoroughly corroded. App. 
by strands of faded silk, [xxxvi. 208.] 



ROME : — POPES. 289 



INNOCENT VII. A.D. 1404-1406. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.911. Leaden, patinated, corrosion commencing : good. 
App. by strands of red and yellow silk. I-^ in. [x.xxviii. 60.] 

INNO 
CjETIVS 
P^P VII 

Apparently adapted from the obv. used in the bulla of 
Innocent V., altered by Innocent VI., and here again altered 
by addition of i to the numerals. 

R. Resembles the design of the rev. of bnlhe previously 
described. Cf rev. of the bulla of URBAN IV., but it is from 
a different matrix. 

S'PA • S'PE. 

Beaded borders. 

21.912. Copper 1 electrotypes of the obv, and rev. of 
No. 21,911. [cxviii. 53, 54.] 



BENEDICT XIII. A.D. 1394-1409 ; ^^. 1424. 
Leaden Bulla, 

21.913. Leaden, patinated, very much corroded, swollen 
with oxidisation. Originally app. to a document by strands 
of red and yellow silk. About \\ in. [xxxviii. 59.] 

■:• BGN6 
• DICTUS 
• PP ■ XIII • 

Rev. Resembles the reiK of bullce previously described. 
Cf rezK of bulla of Urban IV. 
Beaded borders. 

21.914. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,913. [cxviii. 51, 52.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6070. 



/ 



GREGORY XII. A.D. 1406-1409. 
21,915. Leaden : good, imperfectly impressed. Originally 
app. to a document by strands of crimson silk. Nearly \\ in. 
when perfect, [.xxxviii. 61.] 

GRE 

GORivs 
PAPA ■ 
Xll • 
VOL. VI. U 



290 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

R. A long cross moliiie, betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. 
Peter, each three-quarters face, with circular nimbus. 

S S 

P P 

A E 
Beaded borders. 

The art of the design exhibited in this bulla indicates an 
important change from the archaic and somewhat crude 
Byzantine feeling of the preceding types. The very earliest 
nascent Italian art is manifested both in the shape and pro- 
portional parts of the capital letters and in the treatment of 
the portraiture of the Saints, and the whole type marks an 
epoch in the series of Papal BuUce. 

21,916. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,915. [cxviii. 55, 56.] 



ALEXANDER V. A.D. 1409, 1410. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.917. [a.d. 1409.] Leaden : fairly good. App. by a 
hempen cord. If in. [Harl. ch. in A. 33.] 

0. -■■ ALG 
XANDeR 
■ PP : V I 

H. Resembles the rev. of biillce previously described before 
that of Gregory XII., whose new type appears to have been 
discarded in this case for that of URBAN IV. ; but the rev. is 
not from the same matrix. 

Beaded borders. 

21.918. Copper electrotypes from the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,917. [cxviii. 57, 58.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6071. 



JOHN XXIII. A.D. 1410-1415. 
Leaden Bulla. 
21,919. Leaden, patinated, corrosion commencing : indis- 
tinct in parts. I -,^ in. [xxxviii. 62.] 

lOHAN 

N6S ; PP ; 
• XXIIl • 

R. Resembles in design the rev. of bullce previously 
described, but not from the same matrix ; cf. rev. of the 



ROME : — POPES. 29I 



bulla of Urban IV. The shapes of the cross and the 
capital letters in the inscription : — 

S'PA S'PE. 

vary from those in the bulla referred to. 
Beaded borders. 

21,920. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of. 
No. 21,919. [cxviii. 59, 6o.] 
Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6072. 



MARTIN V. A.D. 1417-1431. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.921. [a.d. 1425.] Leaden, patinated : fine. App. by a 
hempen cord, i-j^- in. Harl. ch. in A. 34.] 

• MAR 

TINUS 
PP • V ■ 

Legend in Lombardic capital letters. 

H. Resembles in design the rev. of bulks previously 
described, but is not from the same matrix. Cf. rev. of the 
bulla of Urban IV. 

Beaded borders. 

21.922. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,921. [cxviii. 61, 62.] 

21.923. [a.d. 1428.] Leaden, patinated : fine. App. bjr 
a hempen cord. [Stowe ch. 579.] 

21.924. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,923. [cxl. 89, 90.] 

21.925. Leaden, patinated, slightly corroded : fine, but 
imperfectly impressed. Originally app. to a document by 
strands of crimson silk, [xxxviii. 63.] 

21.926. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,925. [cxl. 91. 92.] 

21.927. Leaden, much corroded, nearly illegible, [xxxiv. 
53-] 

21.928. Leaden, thoroughly corroded, swollen and cracked 
from oxidisation, [xxxv. TJ^ 

Trisor, /. c, pi. xxiv., fig. tl {obv. only) ; D'Arcq, No. 6074. 

U 2 



292 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

EUGENIUS IV. A.D. 1431-1447. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.929. [a.d. 1444.] Leaden, corrosion commencing : 
fine. App. by strands of red and yellow silk. [Add. ch. 

15.569-] 

0. * 

EVGEN 

IVS • PP • 

• Mil • 

R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of Martin V., with 
perhaps some slight marks of alteration or retouching. 

S'PA SPE. 

21.930. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,229. [cxviii. 65, 66?[ 

21.931. Leaden, corroded : imperfect, [xxxiv. 54.] 

21.932. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,931. [cxl. 93, 94.] 

21.933. Leaden, patinated, corroded in places, swollen, 
[xxxviii. 64.] 

21.934. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,933. [cxl. 95, 96.] 

21.935. Leaden, very much corroded, swollen from oxidisa- 
tion in parts, [xxxviii. 198.] 

21.936. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,935. [cxviii. 63, 64.] 

Tri'sor, I. c, pi. xxiv., fig. 12 ; D'.Arcq, No. 6075. 



Seal of Indulgences. 

21,937. Sulph. cast from a good impression. I^ in. 
[Ixxii. 20.] 

St. Peter the Apostle, .standing, full-face, with tiara and 
vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of pronouncing bene- 
diction, in the 1. h. his customary emblems, two keys. In a 
carved bilobe with open tracery at the sides, and ornamented 
with small quatrefoils or ball-flowers along the inner edge. 
Background lightly diapered with a reticulated or lozengy 
pattern. 

itgillu : jnOuIgrnria-.; : * : tr : n : rugrni : pp : nn. 



ROME : — POPES. 293 



FELIX W., Antipope. A.D. 1439-1449 ; ^^. 1451. 

21.938. [a.d. 1445.] Leaden : fine. App. by a twisted 
cord of silk, i^ in. [Add. ch. 12,623.] 

0. 

: FGLIX : 
: PP : V : 

+ 

The crosses at the beginning and end of the inscription are 
crosses-crosslet, perhaps in allusion to the cross of the arms of 
the Dukes of Savoy, Felix V. being Duke Amadeus of that 
house. 

B. Resembles the rev. of bullce previously described. 

^ SPA SPE. 

Beaded borders. 

21.939. Copper electrotypes of the oh\ and rev. of 
No. 21,938. [cxviii. 6y, 68.] 



NICOLAUS, or NICHOLAS IV. A.D. 1447-1455. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.940. [x Kal. April., A.D. 1446, for 1447.] Leaden, cor- 
rosion commencing. App. by a hempen cord. i| in. [Add. 
ch. 14,714.] 

0. * 

• NICO 

LAVS 

■ PP • V • 

B. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of EuGENIU-S IV., see 
No. 21,929; preserving the archaic characteristics of the rev. 
of the bulla of Urban IV. Perhaps slightly larger. 

Beaded borders. 

21.941. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No 21,940. [cxl. 97, 98.] 

21.942. Leaden, patinated, corrosion commencing. Ori- 
ginally app. by strands of coloured silk, [xxxviii. 65.] 

21.943. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,942. [cxviii. 69, 70.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6076. 



294 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

CALISTUS, CALLISTUS, or CALIXTUS III. 

A.D. I455-145S. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21.944. 0. Leaden, partly corroded, swollen : imperfectly 
impressed. About l| in. [xlvi. 3.] 

0. * 

CALIS^ 

TVS ■ PP 

- Ill • 

R. Resembles the archaic rev. of bull(e previously described, 

but not from the same matrix. 

SPA SPE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.945. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev, of 
No. 21,944. [cxviii. 71, 72.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6077. 

Another type. 

21.946. Leaden, patinated in parts: indistinct. Origin- 
ally app. to a document by a strand of blue silk. I-^ in. 
[xxxviii. 66.] 

0. Portrait bust of the Pope in profile to the 1., with tiara 
or mitre, and pontifical robes. 

• CALISTVS PAPA TERTIVS. 

R. Resembles the rev. of bullce previously described, cf. 
bulla of Innocent VII., No. 21,911. 

SPA S'PE. 
Beaded border in rev. 

21.947. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,946. [cxviii. y^,, 74.] 



Leaden Bulla, for the City of AVIGNON, to which the Papal 
Court was temporarily removed. 

21,948. [A.D. 1455-1458.] Leaden, patinated in parts: 
indistinct. Originally app to a document by strands of blue 
silk. If in. [xxxviii. 67.] 

0. A papal tiara or mitre of ancient form, of three stages, 
with strings. 

^ PAPA TERTIVS ° CALISTVS o 

B. The two emblematical keys of St. Peter the Apostle, 
erect in pale, side by side, or in fess, the wards to the sinister, 



ROME: — POPES. 295 



and handles downwards ; united by a cord tied in the centre 

of the design, with the ends coming out through the handles. 

• CLAVES REGNI CELORVM. 

21.949. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,948. [cxviii. 75, ■](i?[ 

Cf. Bulls of the Popes as Lords of the City of Avignon in France, 
circ. A.D. 1446, Vol. v., pp. 389, 390, Nos. 18,962, 18,963 ; and the 
Leaden Seal or Bulla of the City, circ. a.d. 1464-147 i, Vol. V., p. 390, 
Nos. 18,964, 18,965. 

PIUS II. A.D. 1 45 8- 1 464. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.950. [a.d. 1463.] Leaden, corrosion beginning : fairly 
good, imperfectly impressed. App. by a hempen cord, i-j^ in. 
[Add. ch. 1247.] 

• PIVS • 
• PAPA • 
■ II • 

R. Resembles the archaic rev. of the biillce previously 
described, but not from the same matrix apparently. 

S'PA S'PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.951. Copper electrotypes from the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,950. [cxviii. 79, 80.] 

21.952. Leaden, corrosion commencing : fairly good, im- 
perfectly impressed, [xxxviii. 68.] 

21.953. Copper electrotypes from the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,952. [cxviiL yj, 78.] 

Cf. Trdsor, I. c, pi. xxiv. 13 ; D'Arcq, No. 6078. 



PAUL II. A.D. 1 464- 1 47 1. 
Leaden Bullce. 
21,954. Leaden, patinated : indistinctly impressed. i|. in. 
[xxxviii. 69.] 

0. The Pope, in profile to the left, with tiara and papal 
robes, seated on a pinnacled throne set on steps, betw. two 
cardinals, with hats and cloaks ; before him a group of seven 
kneeling figures. In the field overhead the legend : — 

PAVLVS 
• P^P • II • 
B. St. Paul and St. Peter, seated on thrones, set on an 
estrade, each facing towards the other, with nimbus and 



296 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

customary emblems. Betw. them a small cross, and over- 
head the legend : — g S 

p P 

A E 

V T 

Outside the thrones, on each side a wavy sprig of foliage. 
Beaded borders. 

21,955. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rei'. of 
No. 21,954. [cxviii. 81, 82.] 

Trt'sor, I. c, pi. xxiv., fig. 14 ; D'Arcq, Nos. 6079, 6oSa 



AnotJier type. 

21.956. Leaden : good. Originally app. to a document 
by a hempen cord, if in. [xlvi. i.] 

0. Similar to, but not from the same matrix as the 
previous seal, No. 21,954. 

PAVLVS 
• PP • II • 
B. The cross betw. the saints is set on an ornamental foot 
or stand. s S 

P P 
A E 

V T 

21.957. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,956. [cxviii. 85, 86.] 

21.958. Leaden, corrosion commencing : fine. Originally 
app. to a document by twisted strands of red and yellow 
silk. [xl. 25.] 

21.959. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,958. [cxviii. 83, 84.] 

21.960. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of a fine 
impression, [cxviii. 87, 88.] 



SIXTUS IV. A.D. 1471-1484. 
Leaden Bulla. 
21,961. [a.d. 1479.] Leaden : fair. App. by strands of 
red and yellow silk. i| in. [Stowe ch. 581.] 

p. «• 

SIXTVS 

• PAPA • 

' III! ' 

B. Resembles the archaic rev. of bullce already described, but 

from a different matrix : the heads of the saints are larger and 



ROME : — POPES. 297 



more carefully designed with nimbus in each instance repre- 
sented by a line ; each enclosed in a beaded or pearled 
compartment. 

The foot of the cross is of larger dimensions. 

[S'] CS'] 

p p 

A E 

Beaded borders. 

21.962. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,961. [cxl. 99, 100.] 

21.963. Leaden : fine. Originally app. to a document by 
strands of red and yellow silk, [xxxviii. "jo?)^ 

21.964. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,963. [cxviii. 89, 90.] 

Trhor, I. c, pi. xxiv., fig. 15 ; D'Arcq, No. 6081 ; Ant. Week, Be- 
schreibungv. Dresden, p. 181, from an impression attached to a deed 
dated a.d. 1481. 



INNOCENT VIII. A.D. 1484-1492. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.965. [a.d. 1491.] Leaden : well preserved. App. by 
strands of red and yellow silk. If in. [Add. ch. 24,815.] 

0. * 

INNO 
CENTIVS ■ 
• PP • Vlll • 

R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of SiXTUS IV., see 
No. 21,961, and apparently from the same matrix. 

S s 

P P 

A E 
Beaded borders. 

21.966. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,965. [cxviii. 91, 92.] 

21.967. Leaden, much corroded : very indistinct. Origin- 
ally app. to a document by strands of purple silk, [xxxiv. 60.] 

21.968. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,967. [cxviii. 95, 96.] 

21.969. Leaden, very much corroded : imperfectly im- 
pressed, [xxxix. 54.] 



298 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

21,970. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,969. [cxviii. 93, 94.] 
D'Arcq, No. 60S2. 



ALEXANDER VI. A.D. 1492-1503. 
Leaden Btilla. 

21.971. Leaden : injured, imperfectly impressed. Origin- 
ally app. by strands of red and yellow silk. About i| in. 
when perfect, [xxxviii. 71.] 

0. ® 

+ ALE 

XANDER + 

+ PAPA + 

+ VI + 

The stops either crosses or very small fleurs-de-lis. 
R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of SiXTUS IV., see 
No. 21,961, and apparently from the same matrix. 

S' S' 

P P 

A E 
Beaded borders. 

21.972. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,971. [cxviii. 97, 98.] 

21.973. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of a 
good impression, somewhat injured by pressure in places, 
imperfectly made, [cxviii. 99, 100.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6083. 

21.974. [a. D. 1500.] Leaden : somewhat indistinct. App. 
by hempen cords. [Add. MS. 4719, art. i.] 

21.975. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,974. [cxl. loi, 102.] 



PIUS III. A.D. 1503. 

Leaden Bulla. 

21,976. Leaden : fairly well preserved, imperfectly im- 
pressed. Originally app. to a document by strands o silk. 
\\ in. [xxxviii. 72.] 

• PIVS • 
• PAPA • 
• III • 



ROME : — POPES. 299 



B. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XII., see 
No. 21,915. 

s S 
P p 
A E 

Beaded borders. 

21,977. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,976. [cxix. I, 2.] 



JULIUS II. A.D. 1503-1513. 
Leaden Bullce. 

21.978. [a.d. 1 504.] Leaden : fine, not quite perfectly 
impressed. App. by a hempen cord, if in. [Harl. ch. 
Ill A. 37.] 

LIVS % 
PkPK 

In the centre a pellet. 

R. A new type, the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter, three- 
quarters face, facing towards each other, each with nimbus, 
and each set in a vesica-shaped compartment. Betw. them 
is a branch of three acorns slipped, supporting a long cross, 
the top and arms of which are pattees. 

s s 
p p 

A E 

Borders, and lines forming the compartment on the rev., 
are of acorns. The acorn is here employed in allusion to the 
arms of the Pope's family, Della Rovere, viz., an oak 
tree eradicated. 

21.979. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,978. [cxix. 9, 10.] 

21.980. [a.d. 1504.] Leaden, rubbed: somewhat indis- 
tinct. App. by a hempen cord. [Cotton MS., Cleopatra E. 
III., fol. 161.] 

21.981. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,980. [cxix. 7, 8.] 

Another type. 

21.982. [a.d. 1 5 10.] Leaden: well preserved. App. by 
strands of coloured silk, i; in. [Add. ch. 12,798.] 



300 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

0. Resembles the obv. of the preceding bulla. No. 2 1,978, but 
from a different matrix. 

0. >»• IV 5 
Livs 5 

PAPA 

B. Resembles the ;-^i'. of the preceding bulla, No. 21,978, 
and apparently from the same matrix. 

21.983. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,982. [cxix. 5, 6.] 

21.984. Leaden, corrosion commencing : imperfectly im- 
pressed, [xxxviii. T^^.^ 

21.985. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,984. [cxix. 3, 4.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6084. 



LEO X. A.D. 1513-1521. 
Leaden Bulla. 
21,986. Leaden, corroded : very indistinct. 14 in. 



[xxxviii. 74.] 



0. 



LEO 
PAPA 
■•X' 



With an indistinct device, perhaps a roundle, at the top 
and bottom, the whole arrangement of stops being thus made 
in allusion to the family arms of the Pope, see rev. 

R. A cross patti'e, on six roundles in orle, in allusion to the 
arm of the Italian noble family of Medici, to which the Pope 
belonged, vis. five roundles {torteatix), two, two, and one, in 
chief on a roundle {hurt), three fleurs-de-lis, two and one. 
Betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. Peter, three-quarters 
face, facing towards each other, each with a nimbus and in a 
vesical-shaped compartment. 

S S 
P P 
A E 

Beaded or pearled borders, the beads being a large size 
and apparently charged, in some instances at least, with 
indistinct designs, evidently carrying out the allusion to the 
bearings of the Medici Family. 



ROME:— POPES. 301 



21.987. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,986. [cxix. II, 12.] 

21.988. Leaden, very much corroded : indistinct. The 
rev. swollen and cracked with oxidisation, [xxxvi. 210.] 

21.989. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,988. [cxli. 13, 14.] 

Trisor, I. c, xxiv., fig. 17 ; D'Arcq, No. 6085. 



CLEMENT VII. A.D. 1523-1534. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.990. [a.d. 1527.] Leaden: fine. App. by strands of 
red and yellow silk. i| in. [Add. ch. 12,672.] 

0. ® 

CLE 

M^ENS 

■ PP • VII ■ 

H. A small shield of arms : six roundles, three, two, and 
one, Medici (the family to which the Pope belonged) ; sup- 
porting a cross pattee set on a long foot. Betw. the heads of 
St. Paul and St. Peter, three-quarters face, turned towards 
each other, each with nimbus, in a vesical-shaped compartment. 
About the cross, and in the compartments, the legend : — 

S' -PA S' ■ PE. 
Beaded borders. 

21.991. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,990. [cxli. I, 2.] 

21.992. Leaden, corroded : indistinct, imperfectly im- 
pressed. Originally app. by strands of red and yellow silk. 
[xxxviii. 75.] 

21.993. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,992. [cxix. 13, 14.] 

Trisor, I. c, pi. xxiv., fig. 18 ; D'Arcq, No. 6090. 



Golden Bulla. 

21,994. [a.d. 1 523-1 534.] Plaster cast, said to be derived 
from an original Golden Bulla, app. to a document conferring 
on King Henry VIH. the title of " Defender of the Faith." 
liin. [civ. 14, 15.] 

0. CLE 

MENS 
• PP ■ VII 



302 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

The last figure of the numeral has the appearance of having 
been added at a time subsequent to the making of the matrix 
over the stop, which would naturally be set at the end, and 
thus affecting the symmetry of the group of lettering. 

The error of omission is remarkable ; the matrix cannot be 
an adaptation from one used by Clement VI., whose early 
date, A.D. 1 342-1 352, precludes the possibility of his having 
used such a bulla. 

R. Very finely designed busts of St. Paul and St. Peter, 
draped, set e?i mi'daillon, in profile to the left, each preserving 
the conventional characteristics in the treatment of the hair 
and beard shown on preceding bitllce, each with a nimbus, and 
bearing the customary emblems attributed to him. Below is 
the inscription : • S • PA : • S • PE : 

• GLORIOSI • PRINCIPES • TERRAE. 

The workmanship of this 7'ev. resembles the work of the 
celebrated Italian goldsmith and engraver, Benvenuto Cellini, 
and has been attributed to him. 

As King Henry VIII. in 1521 enjoyed this title oi Fidei 
defensor conferred on him by Leo X., the Golden Bulla from 
which this cast is taken must be attributed to another event. 



PAUL III. A.D. 1534-1542. 
Leaden Bulla. 

21.995. [a.D. 1540.] Leaden, patinated, corrosion com- 
mencing: good, imperfectly impressed. App. by a hempen 
cord. l-iV in. [Add. ch. 16,529.] 

«> <8i « 

d PAVLVS « 

« papa « 

« III « 

The fleurs-de-lis are employed here in allusion to the arms 
of FarNESE, vis., six fleurs-de-lis, three, two, and one, to which 
noble Italian family Paul III. belonged. 

B. A long cross, pattt'e, betw. the heads of St. Paul and St. 
Peter, turned three-quarters face towards each other ; each 
with a nimbus, but not in a vesical-shaped compartment. 

« s « S « 
PAP 
A E 
Beaded borders. 

21.996. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,995. [cxl. 103, 104.] 



ROME :— POPES. 303 



21.997. Leaden, corrosion commencing : parts indistinct. 
Originally app. to a document by strands of red and yellow 
silk, [xxxviii. jG.] 

21.998. Copper electrotypes of the oi>v. and rev. of 
No. 21,997. [cxix. 15, 16.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6091. 



JULIUS III. A.D. 1550-1555- 
Leaden Bulla. 

21,999. Leaden, patinated, corrosion commencing : im- 
perfectly impressed. Originally app. to a document by a 
hempen cord. About \\ in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 'j'j?^ 

0. A monte or mount of three hills set one on two, betw. 
two laurel branches, tied in circular form, in allusion to the 
arms of MoNTE, viz., on a bend bordered betw. two branches 
of laurel, curved and tied, three mounts, each of three hills. 
Below these heraldic ensigns, the legend or inscription : — 

• IVLIVS • 
■ PAPA • 

• III • 

The stops are mounts, similar to, but smaller than those 
described above. For an engraving of the arms see Ciaconius, 
I.e., tom. iii., col. 742. 

B. Resembles the rev. of the bulla first used by GREGORY 
XII., see No. 21,915. 

Beaded borders. 

22,000. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 21,999. [cxix. 17, 18.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6092. 



MARCELUS, or MARCELLUS II. A.D. 1555. 
Leaden Bulla. 
22,001. Leaden : fairly good, somewhat indistinct. Ori- 
ginally app. to a document by hempen strings. \\ in, 

[xxxviii. 78.] 

MAR 

C6LVS • 
• PP • II • 

In imitative Lombardic capital letters of the fourteenth 
century. 



304 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



H. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of Martin V., 
No. 21,921, q. V. 

^ , SPA SPE. 

Beaded borders. 

22,002. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,001. [cxix. 19, 20.] 



PAUL IV. A.D. 1555-1557. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.003. Leaden, much corroded, patinated : indistinct, 
i-j in. [xxxviii. 79.] 

0. PAVLVS 
■ PA • PA ■ 

- nil ' 

R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XII., see 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

SPA 
SPE 
Beaded borders. 

22.004. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,003. [cxix. 21, 22.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6093. 



PIUS IV. A.D. 1559-1565. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.005. Leaden : good, imperfectly impressed. Origin- 
ally app. to a document by a hempen cord. If in. [xxxviii. 

80.] 

PIVS 

• PA ■ PA • 

• nil • 

B. Resembles the rev. of bulla of GREGORY XII., see 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

s s 

P P 

A E 
Beaded borders. 

22.006. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rei'. of 
No. 22,005. [cxix. 23, 24.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6094. 



ROME : — POPES. 305 



GREGORY XIII. A.D. 1572-1585. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.007. [a.D. 1576.] Leaden, corrosion commencing: 
fairly well preserved, imperfectly impressed. 1-,^ in. App. 
by a hempen cord. [Add. ch. 12,805.] 

0. GRE 

GORIVS 
• PAPA • 
XIII 

R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of Gregory XII., see 
No. 21,915, and is apparently from the same matrix. 
Beaded borders. 

22.008. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,007. [cxl. 105, 106.] 

22.009. [a.D. 1576.] Leaden: well preserved. App. by 
a hempen cord. [Add. ch. 42,616.] 

22.010. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,009. [cxl. 107, 108.] 

22.011. Leaden, corrosion commencing : indistinct. App. 
by a hempen cord. [Harl. ch. 83 A. 13.] 

22.012. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,011. [cxl. 109, no.] 

22.013. Leaden, patinated, corrosion commencing : indis- 
tinct in places. Originally app. to a document by a hempen 
cord, [xxxviii. 81.] 

22.014. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,013. [cxix. 25, 26.] 

Cf. D'Arcq. Nos. 6097, 6098, where two bullae of variant type are 
described. 



SIXTUS V. A.D. 1585-159O. 

Leaden Bulla. 

22,015. Leaden, corrosion commencing : fairly well pre- 
served. Originally app. to a document by a hempen cord, 
li in. [xxxviii. 82.] 

0. •*• 

SIXTVS 
• PAPA ■ 
■ V • 
VOL. VI. X 



3o6 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

R. Resembles the rev. of the bi/Ha of Gregory XII., 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

S S 

P P 

A E 
Beaded borders. 

22,016. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,015. [cxix. 27, 28.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6099 (perhaps a variant). 



The A nnulus Piscatoris. 

22,017. [a.d. 1585.] Red. Enclosed in a double twisted 
shred or throng of vellum, very indistinct, i^ X i in. [Add. 
MS. 28,402, fol. 76.] 

Oval : St. Peter the Apostle, in a boat, taking in a net of 
fishes. 

SIXTVS • PP ■ V. 

Beaded borders. 



GREGORY XIV. A.D. 1590, 1 591. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.018. Leaden, very much corroded, swollen and cracked 
from o.xidisation. About i^ in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 83.] 

GRE 

GORIVS 
PAPA 
• Xllll ■ 

The final numeral appears to have been added after the 
other parts of the design were made. Cf the bulla of 
Gregory XIII., No. 22,007. 

R. Resembles, as far as may be ascertained, the rev. of 
the bulla of GREGORY XII., No. 21,915, and apparently from 
the same matrix. 

Beaded borders. 

22.019. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,01 8. [cKix. 29, 30.] 



ROME : — POPES. 307 



INNOCENT IX. A.D. 1591. 

Leaden Bulla. 

22,020. Leaden : imperfectly impressed, very indistinct. 
Originally app. by faded strands of silk, if in. [xxxviii. 84.] 

• INNO 

CENTIVS 

PAPA 

IX ■ 

B. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XII., 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 



S'. S". 

P P 

A E 
Beaded borders. 



22,021. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,020. [cxix. 31, 32.] 



CLEMENT VIII. A.D. 1592-1605. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.022. Leaden : fairly well presei-ved, somewhat imper- 
fectly impressed. About li in. [xxxviii. 85.] 

» © * 

CLE 

MENS 

ft PAPA 5C! 

Ss VIII W 

■& gi ■& 

B. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XII., 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

s. s. 
P P 
A E 

Beaded borders. 

The six estoiles on the obv. may perhaps be intended as an 
allusion to the arms of the noble Italian family of Aldo- 
BRANDINI, to which Clement VIII. belonged, viz., a bend 
embattled counter-embattled, betw. six estoiles in orle. Cia 
conius. I.e.. torn, iv., col. 250. 

22.023. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,022. [cxix. 33, 34.] 

22.024. [a.d. 1595.] Leaden, very much corroded: 
almost illegible. App. by a hempen cord. [Cott. ch. xvi. 23.] 

X 2 



308 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

22.025. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,024. [cxl. Ill, 112.] 

22.026. [A.D. 1601.] Leaden : fairly well preserved, im- 
perfectly impressed. App. by strands of red and yellow silk 
twisted. [Cott. ch. vi. 8.] 

22.027. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,026. [cxli. 3, 4.] 

22.028. [a.D. 161 1.] Leaden, corroded: very indistinct. 
App. by a hempen cord. [Cott. ch. vi. 7,] 

22.029. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,028. [cxli. 5. 6.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6100. 



The Amiiilus Piscatoris. 

22,030. [a.D. 1596.] Red: en placard, imperfect. En- 
circled with a double twisted shred or throng of vellum. 
About \\ X I in. [Add. ch. 16,530.] 

St. Peter the Apostle, standing, leaning forward in a boat, 
drawing up a net full of fishes. 

CLEMENS • PAPA VIII. 



PAUL V. A.D. 1605-162 1. 

Leaden Bulla. 

22,031. [a.D. 1620.] Leaden, patinated, corrosion com- 
mencing : fairly good. App. by strands of red and yellow 
silk twisted, if in. [Add. ch. 12,782.] 

0. ® 

PAVLVS 

» PAPA » 

* V • 

© 

li. Resembles the rev. of the bnlla of Gregory XIL, 
No. 21,915, and apparentl)' from the same matrix. 

s s 
P P 
A E 

Beaded border. 

The stops are triangular cushions, but do not appear to 
have any connection with the heraldic bearings of the family 
to which Paul V. belonged. 



ROME : — POPES. 309 



22.032. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,031. [cxix. 35, 36.] 

22.033. Leaden: indistinct, imperfectly impres.'^ed. [xl. 97.] 

22.034. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,033. [cxli. 7, 8.] 

22.035. Leaden, very much corroded : almost illegible. 
[xxxviii. 'i6i\ 

Cf. a variant type (?) in D'Arcq, No. 6101. 



GREGORY XV. A.D. 1621-1623. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.036. Leaden, patinated ; somewhat indistinct. About 
\\ in. [xxxviii. Zt?[ 

GRE 

GORIVS 

• PAPA ■ 
• XV • 

B. Resembles the rev. of the b/tlla of GREGORY XII., 

No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

S S 

p P 

A E 
Beaded borders. 

22.037. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,036. [cxix. 37, 38.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6102. 

URBAN VIII. A.D. 1623-1644. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.038. [A.D. 1629.] Leaden : fine, imperfectly impressed. 
App. by a double twisted cord of red and yellow silk, i-i in. 
[Add. ch. 24,819.] 

0. VR 

BANVS 

• PAPA • 
• VIII ■ 

H. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XII., 

No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

s s 
p p 

A E 

Beaded borders. 



310 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

22.039. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,038. [cxli. 9, 10.] 

22.040. Leaden, pierced, corrosion commencing : fairly 
good. Originally app. by a hempen cord, [xxxviii. 88.] 

22.041. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,040. [cxix. 39, 40.] 

Cf. a variant type (.') in D'Arcq, No. 6103. 



INNOCENT X. A.D. 1644-1655. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.042. Leaden : imperfectly impressed, otherwise good. 
l-^ in. [xxxviii. 89.] 

INNO 

CENTIVS 
PAPA 
X 
R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XIL, 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

s s 

P P 

A E 
Beaded borders. 

22.043. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,042. [cxix. 41, 42.] 

D'Arcq, No. 6105. 



ALEXANDER VII. A.D. 1655-1667. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.044. Leaden : good, imperfectly impressed. Originally 
app. to a document by a hempen cord. About \^^ in. when 
perfect, [xxxviii. 90.] 

0. ALE 

XANDER 

• PAPA • 
. VII • 

R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XII., 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matri.x. 
Beaded borders. 

22.045. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,046. [cxix. 43, 44.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6106, perhaps a variant type. 



ROME: — POPES. 311 



CLEMENT IX. A.D. 1 667-1669. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.046. [a.d. 1668.] Leaden, corro-sion commencing : im- 
perfectly impressed, otherwise good. App. by strands of red 
and yellow silk. If in. [Add. ch. 12,624.] 

0. * ^ « 

CLE 

MENS 

» PAPA « 

« IX tt 

li. Resembles the rev. of the biilla of Gregory XII., 

No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

s s 
p p 

A E 

Beaded borders. 

22.047. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,046. [cxix. 45, 46.] 

Cf. a variant in D'Arcq, No. 6107. 



CLEMENT X. A.D. 1670-1676. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.048. [a.d. 1674.] Leaden, corrosion commencing : 
imperfectly impressed, otherwise good. App. by hempen 
cords. If in. [Add. ch. 12,625.] 

» S= « 

CLE 

MENS 

« PAPA « 

Ss X Ss 

R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XIL, 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

8 s 

P P 

A E 
Beaded borders. t 

22.049. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,048. [cxix. 47, 48.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6108. 



312 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



INNOCENT XI. A.D. 1676-1689. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.050. [a.d. 16S0.] Leaden : imperfectly impressed, 
otherwise good. App, by a hempen cord. i| in. [Add. ch. 
7902.] 

0. ^ 

INNO 

CENTIVS 

PAPA 

XI 

R. Resembles the rev. of the India of GREGORY XII., 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix, [cxix. 

51, 52.] 
Beaded borders. 

22.051. Leaden : good, imperfectly impressed or clipped. 
Originally app. to a document by hempen cords, [xxxviii. 
91.] 

22.052. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,051. [cxix. 49, 50.] 

22.053. [a.d. 1687.] Leaden : imperfectly impressed, in- 
distinct. App. by a hempen cord. [Add. MS. 4784, rt^yf;/^;^.] 

22.054. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,053. [cxli. II, 12.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6109. 



ALEXANDER VIII. A.D. 1 689-1 671. 

Leaden Bulla. 

22,055. Leaden : imperfectly impressed, otherwise in 
good preservation. Originally app. to a document by hempen 
cords. About -J in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 92.] 

0. ALE 

XANDER 

PA-PA 

VIII 

Above the lettering, an eagle displayed, in allusion to the 
arms of the noble Italian family of Ottobuoni, to which 
the Pope belonged, viz., an eagle displayed with wings 
inverted. 

R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XII., 
No. 21,915, and apparently from the same matrix. 

Beaded borders. 



ROME:— POPES. 313 



22,056. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,055. [cxix. 53, 54.] 



INNOCENT XII, A.D. 1691-1700. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.057. Leaden, patinated, corrosion commencing : im- 
perfectly impressed. Originally app. to a document by 
hempen cords. About \ in. [xxxviii. 93.] 

iNNO 

CENTIVS 

PAPA 

XII • 

The dotted capital I, which occurs twice in the name of the 
Pope, is remarkable. 

R. This rev. is of a new design, generally resembling the 
previously used rev. of the bulla of GREGORY XII., but not 
from the same matrix. The cross is moline, and the divergent 
radiation behind the heads of the Saint more marked. The 
inscription is reduced to 

S. P. 

Each side has two borders, the inner border cabled, the 
outer border beaded. 

22.058. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,057. [cxix. 55, 56.] 

Cf. a variant in D'Arcq, No. 61 10. 



The Annulus Piscatoris. 

22,059. [a.D. 1700.] Red: en placard, very indistinct. 
Originally encircled with double twisted shreds or thongs of 
vellum now missing. [Harl. ch. iii A. 38.] 

The design, as far as may be distinguished, resembles that 
of the Anmdns Piscatoris of CLEMENT VIII. , see No. 22,030, 
with a legend containing the name of the Pope. 



314 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

CLEMENT XI. A.D. 1700-1721. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.060. [a.D. 1706.] Leaden: imperfectly impressed, 
otherwise good. App. by twisted strands of red and yellow 
silk. About If in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 29,255.] 

0. ® 

CLE 

MENS 

PAPA 

XI 

li. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of Innocent XII., 

No. 22,057, and is apparently from the same matrix. 

s • P 
s ■ P 

Inner border cabled, outer border beaded. 

22.061. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,060. [cxxxix. 25, 26.] 

22.062. Leaden, corrosion commencing : imperfectly im- 
pressed, [xxxviii. 94.] 

22.063. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,062. [cxix. 57, 58.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 61 11. 



BENEDICT XIII. A.D. 1724-1730. 

Leaden Bulla. 

22,064. Leaden, corrosion commencing : imperfectly im- 
pressed. Originally app. to a document by hempen cords. 
About i^ in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 95.] 

BENE 

DICTVS 
« PAPA « 
■ XIII • 

Above the inscription a design, imperfect, illegible, radiated. 

H. Resembles generally the rev. of the bulla of INNOCENT 

XIL, but not from the same matrix. The nimbi of the Saints 

represented by thicker lines, and the interior space over the 

heads filled up with small dots or points. 

[S • P] 
S • P 

Inner border plain, outer border beaded. 



ROME : — POPES. 3 1 5 



22,065. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,064. [cxix. 59, 60.] 
Cf. D'Arcq, No. 6113. 



CLEMENT XII. A.D. 1730-1740. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.066. Leaden, corrosion commencing : imperfectly im- 
pressed, fairly good. Originally app. to a document by 
hempen cords. About i| in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 96.] 

0. CLE : 

MENS 
PAPA 
XII • 

Above the legend a cross {patoncel) radiated. 
Inner border of short curved lines or dashes, outer border 
beaded. 

B;. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of BENEDICT XIII., 

No. 22,064. 

[S ■ P] 
S • P 
Borders as above. 

22.067. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,066. [cxix. 61, 62.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 61 14, perhaps a variant type. 



BENEDICT XIV. A.D. 1740-1758. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.068. [A.D. 1745.] Leaden : imperfectly impressed, 
otherwise good. App. by strands of red and yellow silk. 
[Add. ch. 29,256.] 

BENE: 

DICTVS 
PAPA 
• XIV ■ 

Above the legend a cross of uncertain shape, radiated. 

B. Resembles the rev. ol the bulla of Benedict XIII., 

No. 22,064, ai'id apparently from the same matrix. 

■ S P ■ 
S • P 

Borders as described for the preceding btdla. 

22.069. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,068. [cxxxix. 27, 28.] 



3l6 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

22.070. [a.D. 175 1.] Leaden, corrosion commencing: 
imperfectly impressed. App. by hempen cords. About if in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 26,065.] 

22.071. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,070. [cxix. 65, 66.] 

22.072. Leaden, corrosion commencing : imperfectly im- 
pressed, [xxxviii. 97.] 

22.073. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,072. [cxix. 63, 64.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 61 1 5. 



CLEMENT XIII. A.D. 1758-1769. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.074. Leaden : fairly good, indistinct "in places. Ori- 
ginally app. to a document by a hempen cord, i-rr^"- 
[xxxviii. 98.] 

0. CLE : 

ME-NS 
PAPA 
■ XIII • 

Above the inscription a cross botonnce radiated. 
B. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of Benedict XIII., 
No. 22,064, and apparently from the same matrix. 

• S ■ P ■ 
S • P 

Borders as described for No. 22,066. 

22.075. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,074. [cxix. 6t, 62,?[ 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 61 16, perhaps a variant. 



CLEMENT XIV. A.D. 1 769-1774. 
Leaden Bulla. 
22,076. Leaden : edges hammered up, injured in places, 
indistinct, [xxxix. 55.] 

0. ' CLE : 

ME.NS 
PAPA 
• XIV • 

Above the inscription a cross botonnce, radiated. 



ROME: — POPES. 317 



R. Resembles the rev. of the btiUa of Benedict XIII., 
No. 22,064, and apparently from the same matrix. 

■ s • P • 
s • P 
Borders hammered. 

22,077. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,076. [cxix. 69, 70.] 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 61 17, perhaps a variant. 



PIUS VI. A.D. 1775-1799. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.078. Leaden, patinated : fairly well preserved, if in. 
[xxxviii. 99.] 

0. Pivs 

PAPA 
VI • 

Above the inscription, a cross flory, radiated. 
R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of Benedict XIII., 
and apparently from the same matrix 

■ S ■ P ■ 
S ■ P 

Inner border plain, outer border carved. 

22.079. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,078. [cxix. 71, 72.] 



PIUS VII. A.D. 1800-1809, 18x4-1823. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.080. Leaden : fair, imperfectly impressed, the rev. 
injured. Originally app. by hempen cords. About If in. 
when perfect, [xxxviii. 100.] 

PIVS 

PAPA 
VII 

Above the inscription, a cross flory, or botonnde, radiated. 
R. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of Benedict XIII., 
No. 22,064, and apparently from the same matrix. 
Borders as before, but very little impressed. 

22.081. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,080. [cxix. 73, 74.] 



3l8 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

LEO XII. A.D. 1823-1829. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.082. Leaden : imperfectly impressed, otherwise good. 
Originally app. by twisted cords of white silk. ijin. 
[xxxviii. lOi.l 

PAPA 
XII 

Above the inscription, a cross botonnie, radiated. 

B. Apparently a new type, a copy of that used by 
Benedict XIII., No. 22,064, the plain border, and the dots in 
the interior spaces of the nimbi being omitted. 

Carved border of cordifonn leaf-work. 

22.083. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,082. [cxix. 75, 76.] 



PIUS VIII. A.D. 1829, 1830. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.084. Leaden, corrosion commencing : indistinct. Ori- 
ginally app. by strands of red and yellow silk. I^in. 
r.xxxi.x. 48.1 

0. Pivs 

PAPA 
VIII • 

Above the inscription a cross pomettee, radiated. 
H. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of Leo XII., 
No. 22,082. 

Borders as in the preceding bulla. 

22.085. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,084. [cxix. jj, ■]%:\ 



GREGORY XVI. A.D. 1831-1846. 

Leaden Bulla. 

22,086. [A.D. 1843.] Leaden: indistinct, injured by pres- 
sure. App. by a hempen string, i^ in. [Add. ch. 12,626.] 

GREGORIVS 
PAPA 
XVI • 

Above the inscription, a cross botonnee as before, radiated. 
Carved border of leaf work- 



ROME: — POPES. 319 



R. Apparently similar to the rev. of the bulla of Leo XII., 
No. 22,082. 

Beaded border. 

22.087. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,086. [xli. 23, 24.] 

22.088. Leaden, corrosion commencing : injured, indis- 
tinct in places, otherwise good. Originally app. by hempen 
cords, [xxxix. 56.] 

22.089. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,088. [cxix. 79, 80.] 



PIUS IX. A.D. 1 846-1 878. 
Leaden Bulla. 

22.090. Leaden, patinated, much corroded, and swollen 
with oxidisation. Originally app. by hempen cords. i-| in. 
[xxxviii. 102.] 

PIVS 

PAPA 
IX 

Above the inscription a cross, as before, radiated. 

Ti. Resembles the rev. of the bulla of Leo XII., No. 22,082, 

and apparently from the same matrix. 

S . . 
S . . 

Borders of obv. carved with foliage betw. two plain annuli ; 
border of rev. beaded. 

22.091. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,090. [cxix. 81, 82.] 

22.092. Leaden, patinated, much corroded and split with 
oxidisation, [xxxix. 57.] 



LEO XIII. A.D. 1878. 
Leaden Bulla. 



22,093. Leaden, corrosion commencing in the form of a 
bloom of oxide : fine, i ^ in. [lii. 43.] 
0. LEO 

PAPA 
XIII • 

Above the inscription, a cross, radiated. Beaded border 
betw. two plain annuli. 



320 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

R. Resembles the rro. of the preceding hilla, and appa- 
rently from the same matrix. 
Beaded border. 

22,094. Copper electrotypes of the ohv. and rev. of 
No. 22,093. [xli. 25, 26.] 



ROME: — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 32 1 



COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 

ROBERT CURZON, CURSON, al. DE CORZUN 

{L>f England), Presbyter Cardinal of St. Stephen 
in Monte CceHo. a.d. i 198-12 18. 

22,095. [a.d. 1 2 14.] Sulph. cast from a somewhat indis- 
tinct impression, if x i:^ in. [c.x.xxii. 100.] 

Pointed oval ; the Stoning of St. Stephen, the Protomartyr ; 
overhead, the Divine Hand, issuing from the heavens, placing 
the crown of victory on the head of the saint. Before him, 
the Cardinal, with mitre and vestments, kneeling to the 1., in 
adoration. 

«> S' ROB- • DG ■ CORZV • TT • SCI STePH' • T • CeLIO • 
MONTe ■ PBRI ■ CARD'. 
D'Arcq, No. 6125 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 37. 



OCTAVIANUS ex Comitibiis SIGNI.ffi3, Anagninns, 

Chamberlain of the Holy See, and Cardinal Deacon 

of SS. Sergius and Bacchus. A.D. 1 198-1229. 

22,096. [a.d. 1223.] Sulph. cast from a somewhat indis- 
tinct impression. 2 X i^ in. [cxx.xii. 82.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal with mitre and vestments, 
kneeling to the I. before St. Peter, standing, with nimbus, keys 
and book. Overhead the inscription : — S' PeTRVS. 

© S' OCTAVIANl • SCOR- SERGII • GT • BACHI ■ 
DIACONI • CARDINALIS. 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 6128 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 26. 



LEO BRANCALEO, Presbyter Cardinal of St. Cross 
in Jerusalem. A.D. 1 198-1230. 

22,097. [a.d. 1224.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
If X If in. [cxxxiii. 15.] 

Pointed oval : a patriarchal cross with double arms, the 
upright shaft raguly, and set in a rocky mount. Across the 
upper arms, the inscription :— 

IN SM REX IVD. 
[Ihesus Nazarenus, Salvalor Mundi, Rex fuclcorum.) 

Across the lower arms : — 

IMAGO IC DNI . . . 

{Imaoo Ihisu Christi Domini Nostri . . .). 
VOL. VI. Y 



CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



In the background over the upper arms, the sacred letters 
A. 00. , ^ 

© SIGILL' ■ LeONIS ■ ff • SCE • CRVCIS • IN • 
l€RL'M • Pb'RI • CARb'. 

D'Arcq, No. 6150 (with erroneous reading of the inscriptions) ; Cia- 
conius, /. c, torn, ii., coh 20. 



HUGOLINUS DE ANAGNI, or Comes ANAGNINUS, 

Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and Veletri, A.D. 1206- 1227, 

one of the Episcopatus Snburbicarii et Cardinalitii, 

{aftenvards Pope GREGORY IX.) 

22,098. [a.D. 1233.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
2 X i-j in. [cxxxiii. 3.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal, full-face, with mitre, pallijiin 
and vestincnts, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction, in 
the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff, the curve turned towards 
him ; seated on a bench-like throne, the sides terminating in 
the heads and feet of animals ; his feet on a projecting corbel. 

^ SIGILL' • HVG • D6I • GRA • OSTI'GN • 7 VeLLeTRGN • €Pi. 
D'Arcq, No. 6129 : Ciaconius, /. <:., torn, ii., col. 17. 



ST. CONRAD, Cardinal Bishop of Porto and St. Rufina, 

one of the Episcopatus Snburbicarii et Cardinalitii. 

A.D. I219-1227. 

22,099. [a.D. 1220.] Sulph. cast from a good impression, 
chipped at the foot. About 2x1^ in. [cxxxiii. 8.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, with mitre and vestments, lifting 
up the r. h. in the act of pronouncing benediction, in the 1. h. a 
crozier or pastoral staff, the curve turned inwards ; seated on 
a throne, the ends of which terminate with heads of animals ; 
his feet on a projecting platform or footboard. 

Si SIGILL' • GONRADI ■ PORCTV6JN • 6T ■ SCg • RVFING ■ 6PI • 
D'Arcq, No. 6136. 



RICARDUS DE ANNIBALIS, al. HANNIBALDENSIS 
DE MOLARIA, Cardinal Deacon of St. Angclo. 
A.D. 1 227-1 274. 

22,100. [A.D. 1264.] Piaster cast from a good but im- 
perfect impression. 2J- x i| in. [cxxxvii. 98.] 

Pointed oval : an elegantly designed representation of 
IMichael the Archangel, with pearled nimbus and large open 



ROME : — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 323 

wings, in combat with the Dragon, the mouth of which he is 
piercing with a long cross. 
*:S RICCtARD]! SCAUCJTI [Al/IGeLI D]IA[COHjl CARD1HALI3. 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 6153 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 88. 

22,101. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a somewhat indis- 
tinct impression, [cxxxii. 81.] 

5= : S' RlCCARDl SAMCTI AUGELl DIACOHI CARDIMALIS. 



OTTOBONUS FLISCUS, al. FIESCHI, Cardinal Deacon 
of St. Adrian, or Hadrian. A.D. \2ji^T,-circ. 1272. 

22,102. [a.D. 1270] Sulph. cast from a good but chipped 
impression. 2^ X l-j- in. [c.x.x.xii. 80.J 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal, standing, full-face, on a carved 
corbel, with mitre and vestments, holding with both hands a 
book on his breast. Within an elaborately carved niche with 
trefoiled arch, canopy of ecclesiastical architecture, and side- 
work comprising arcade-;, pointed windows, trefoil and quatre- 
foil openings, and in a circular compartment on each side the 
head of an ecclesiastic or saint. 

e> S' OTOBONIl •] SCI • ADRIANI • DIACONI ■ [CIARDINIALIS]. 
D'Arcq, No. 6152 ; Ciaconius, /. c. torn, ii., col. 129. 



OCTAVIANUS UBALDINUS, Cardinal Deacon of Santa 
Maria in Via Lata. a.d. 1243- 1272. 

22,103. [a.D. 1245.] Sulph. cast from a fairly good im- 
pression. 2 X i{- in. [cx.xxiii. 26.] 

Pointed oval : the V. Mary crowned, seated on a bench- 
like throne, holding the Child, with nimbus, on the 1. knee ; 
in a niche with trefoiled arch supported on slender shafts. In 
base, the Cardinal, kneeling in profile to the r. ; with mitre 
having long ties, and vestments, open hands upraised in 
adoration. 

^ S' OCTAVIANI ■ SC6 : MARI6 • 7 ■ VIA • LATA • DIACOI • CA'D'. 
Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 6136 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., vol. 123. 



Later Seal. 



22,104. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
2-i- X 1 1 in. [cxxxii. 95.] 



324 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Resembles the preceding seal, No. 22,103, but from a 
different matrix. 

* S' OTTAVIANI • see : MARie • 7 • VIA • LATA • DIACON • CARD'. 
D'Arcq, No. 6151. 



ODO DE CASTRO-RODULPHI, al. OTHO DE 

CHATEAUROUX, Cardinal Bishop of Tiisailtcin, one of the 

Episcopatns Sulmrbicarii et Cardinalitii, 

and a Legate. A.D. 1243-1273. 

22,105. [A.D. 1245.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
2x1^ in. [cxxxiii. 22.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal Bishop, standing, full-face, on a 
corbel, with mitre and vestments, the r. h. lifted up in bene- 
diction, in the 1. h. a pastoral staff or crozier, the curve turned 
outwards. 

^ S' ODONIS : MIS6RAfON€ : DIVINA : TVSCVLANI : ePT. 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 6134 ; Ciaconius, /. c, toin. ii., col. 117. 



Later Seal. 



22,106. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a chipped impres- 
sion. 2 X i| in. [cxxxiii. 23.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal Bishop standing, full-face, on a 
corbel, with mitre and vestments, the r. h. lifted up in bene- 
diction, in the 1. h. a pastoral staff or crozier, the curve turned 
inwards ; on the dex. side, a small cross. 

L*] S' ODONIS • 6PI • TVSCVLANI. 
D'Arcq, No. 6142. 



JOHANNES CAIETANUS, al. DE GAETA, Cardinal 

Deacon of St. Nicolas in Carcere Tnlliano, 

A.D. 1243-1277 {afterzuards Pope 

NiCHOLA.s III.) 

22,107. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
2 X \\ in. [cxxxiii. l] 

Pointed oval : the V. Mary, half-length, crowned, with the 
Child nimbed, on the 1. arm, in the r. h. a lily or sceptre fleur- 
de-lis ; within a niche of two arches on slender shafts, bctw. two 
pinnacles. Below, in a niche with trefoiled arch on shafts, 
with side arches and an arcaded canopy, St. Nicolas, Bishop 
ot Myra, with mitre and crozier, in profile to the 1., blessing 
the Cardinal kneeling before him in profile to the r. In 



ROME : — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 325 

the foreground a small campanile or turret. Over the heads of 
the figures respectively the inscriptions S. M., S. N , and lOH'S. 

S= S' • lOH'IS • SC"I • NICOL' • IN • CARCeRG • TVLL' ■ 
DIACONI • CARDINAL'. 
D'Arcq, No. 6148 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 12S. 



STEPHEN III. OF HUNGARY, Cardinal Bishop of 

Prenestc, one of the Episcopatits Subiirbicarii ct 

Carditialitii. A.D. 1252-1266; afterwards 

Archbishop of Gran, Hungary, Archi- 

episcopus Strigoniensis. 

22,108. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a chipped impres- 
sion. About 2\ X i-j in. when perfect, [cxxxiii. 5.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal Bishop, standing, full-face, on a 
corbel or carved bracket, with mitre and vestments ; the r. h. 
lifted up in benediction, in the 1. h. a pastoral staff or crozier, 
the curve turned inwards. 

[*] S' • ST€PHA[NI • DJ6I ■ GRCATJIA • PR6CN6SJTINI ■ GPT. 
Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 6141 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 131. 



RAOUL DE CHEVRIERES, Cardinal Bishop of Albano. 

A.u. 1261. 

See under BiSHOP OF Albano, iti the division of Ecclesiastical 
Seals, No. 22,317. 



GOTTIFREDUS DE ALATRO, Cardinal Deacon of 
St. George in Velabro, or ''ad Velum Aureuni." 
A.D. 1261-1287. 

22,109. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a chipped impres- 
sion. 2 X It in. [cxxxii. 88.] 

Pointed oval : St. George, with nimbus, on a horse, springing 
to the 1. ; with long cloak, and spear with which he is 
piercing a dragon reguardant beneath the horse's feet. In the 
exergue an inscription in two lines: — SCS • GeOR_GIVS. 
Overhead, a half-length figure of St. Peter, with nimbus, keys, 
and book, and below a line signifying the heavens opened, the 
inscription : — SCS PeTR'. 

S • GOTTIFRIDIS • SCl • GeORCGII • A]D UGLV • A[VRe]V • 
DIAC • CARD'. 

D'Arc(i, No. 6144 ; Ciaconius, /. c, toni. ii., col. 160. 



326 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

ANCHERUS PANTALEON, Presbyter Cardinal of 
St. Praxedes, nepliew of Pofe Urban IV. 
A.D. 1261 ; ob. A.D. 1268. 
22,110. [A.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast of a chipped impression. 
2^ X i|in. [cxxix. 600.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal standing on a corbel, full-face, 
with mitre or cap and vestments ; over the left arm the fanon 
or maniple ; lifting up both hands with all fingers extended, 
in act of benediction. 

t+ S' •] ANCH6RI • MIS'ATOe • DIVINA • TT • SC€ • 
PRAXCeO'.} PBRI ■ CAR'. 
D'Arcq, No. 6139 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 159. 



Fr. GUIDO GALLUS, Abbot of Citcaiix in France, 

Presbyter Cardinal of St. Laurence in Liicina. 

A.D. 1261-1272. 

22,111. [a.d. 1 270.] Sulph. cast from a good impression, 
chipped at the top. 2\ X l-r? in- [cxxxii. 89.] 
, Pointed oval : St. Laurence stretched on the gridiron, his 
usual emblem ; overhead two draped angels, issuing from 
clouds, swinging thuribles, and betw. them a right hand 
coming down from heaven, holds a crown of victory over the 
martyr. Beneath an arcade of three pointed arches, that in 
the centre trefoiled. Above this scene, the Virgin Mary hold- 
ing the Child on the 1. arm. In base, under a pointed and 
trefoiled arch with pinnacles of ecclesiastical architecture, the 
Cardinal Bishop, with mitre and vestments, kneeling in profile 
to the 1., with hands in prayer. Betw. two estoiles. 
S' ■ FRIS • GVIDONIS • TT • SCI • LAVR • IN LVC ■ PBRI • CARD'. 

D'Arcq, No. 6145 ; Ciaconius, /. f., torn, ii., col. 161. 



Fr. ANNIBALE, nl. HANNIB ALDUS HANNIBAL- 

DENSIS DE MOLARIA, of the Order of Preaching 

Fricirs, Presbyter Cardinal of the Tiveh'e Apostles. 

A.D. I261-I272. 

22,112. [.v.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a good impression, 
slightly chipped, i^ XI J- in. [cxxxii. 93.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of the " Descent of the Holy 
Ghost " at Penteco-st : the apostles standing in adoration, over- 
head the Holy Spirit descending in form of a Dove, with a 
line streaming from its beak towards each of the twelve. 
Above all, a trefoiled arch and carved canopy. In base, 
under a pointed and trefoiled arch, with arcaded sides, the 



ROME : — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 327 

Cardinal half-length, with face upturned, and hands uplifted 
in adoration. 

S' ■ FRIS • ANIBALDI • Dl ■ GRA ...._. [B:ASIL' ■ XII • 
APLOR • PRBRI • CARD. 

D'Arcq, No. 6140; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 162. 



SIMON MOMPITIUS DE BRIA, Presbyter Cardinal 
of St. Cecilia. A.D. \2Q\-circ. 1274. 

22,113. [a.d. 1279.] Sulph. cast from a good impression, 
chipped at the edge. 2| x i J in. [cxxxii. 84.] 

Pointed oval : St. Cecilia, half-length, with nimbus, crown, 
and palm bianch, betw. two Saints, half-length, each with 
nimbus and palm, overhead, an angel, issuing from the heavens, 
holding a crown in each hand over the heads of the saints 
at the side. In base, under a trefoiled arch, with arcaded 
spandrils, the cardinal, with mitre and vestments, kneeling in 
profile to the r., with hands in prayer. 

CSi S'- SJYMONIS • ft • SC€ • C6CIL CARDINAL'. 

D'Arcq, No. 6154 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. i5i. 



JOHN OF TOLEDO {ati English Cistercian Monk), 

Presbyter Cardinal of St. Laurence in St. Lncina, 

Bishop of Porto and St. Riifina, one of the Episcopatus 

Siibnrbicarii et Cardinalitii. A.D. 1 261-1274, 

22,114. [a.d. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a fairly good im- 
pression. 2 X 1 1 in. [c.xx.xiii. 10.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardmal Bishop, standing full-face, on a 
bracket or corbel, with mitre, vestments, and crozier or 
pastoral staff, the curve turned outwards, lifting up the r. h. 
in benediction. Under a trefoiled arch, with canopy of eccle- 
siastical architecture, supported on slender shafts. Back- 
ground faintly diapered lozcngy. 

S' ■ lOH'IS ■ m • GRA • PORTVeN • 7 ■ SC6 • RVFIN' • 6PI. 
D'Arcq, No. 6149; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. iiS. 



SIMEON, or SIMON PALTINERIUS, Presbyter 

Cardinal of SS. Sylvester and Martin. 

A.D. 1261-1276. 

22,115. [a.d. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a chipped impres- 
sion. 2 X I „' in. [cxxxii. 99.] 



328 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal, standing, full-face, on a carved 
corbel or bracket, with mitre and vestments, lifting up the 
open hands in the act of benediction. 

^ S' SYMONIS • TT • S Nl PBRI : CARDINALIS. 

D'Arcq, No. 6155 ; Ciaconius, /. c, toni. ii., col. 158. 



UBERTO DE SIENA, ex Comitibus DE ILCIO, Scnensis, 
Cardinal Deacon of St. Eustace, a.d. i 261-1 276. 

22,116. [a.d. 1270.] Suiph. cast from a chipped impres- 
sion. About 2-L X lij- in. when perfect, [cxxxii. 87.] 

Pointed oval : the legend of St. Eustace, set in a design of 
two trcfoiled pointed arches, resting on a slender gentral shaft, 
and canopied with ecclesiastical architecture ; on the right 
niche the stag partly shown, bearing the head of Our Lord, with 
nimbus, betw. the antlers ; in the left niche, St. Eustace, with 
nimbus, kneeling in adoration, behind him a horse only partly 
shown. In base, under a similar arch, the Cardinal with 
mitre and vestments, kneeling in adoration. 

S' ■ VBGRTI • S' • eVSTACHll • DIACONI • CARDINALIS. 

D'Arcq, No. 6156; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 159. 



GUILLAUME DE -BHAY , Archdeacon of Rkeims in 

France, Presbyter Cardinal of St. Mark. 
A.D. 1261-1282. 

22,117. [.'V.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a somewhat indis- 
tinct impression, i J in. [c.x.>:xii. 94.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal, with mitre and vestments, 
standing full-face, on a platform or corbel, and lifting up both 
hands in the act of benediction. 

e« S' GVILL'I ■ TITVLI • SCI • MARC! • PBRI • CARDINALIS. 
Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 6146 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 160. 



JACOPO SABELLI, al. JACOBUS SABELLUS, 

Cardinal Deacon of St. Mary in Cosmedin, 

A.D. 1261, {afterivards Pope HOXORIUS IV. 

A.D. 1285.) 

22,118. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a chipped impres- 
sion, i^ X i^rin. [c.xx.xii. 96.] 

Pointed oval : on a platform the V. Mary, crowned, seated 
on a bench-like throne, holding the Child, with nimbus, on the 



ROME : — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 329 

1. knee. Betw. two kneeling angels, swinging thuribles. 
Overhead, a trefoilcd arch with carved canopy of ecclesiastical 
architecture. In base, the Cardinal with mitre, kneeling in 
profile to the 1., the hands clasped in prayer, on a carved 
corbel, within a niche with composite arch, the centre pointed, 
the sides semicircular. 

[S* S' •] lACGBI ■ see • MAR[I6 • IN • COJSMID' «< 

e CAR . . 

D'Arcq, No. 6143 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 160. 



MATTHEUS RUBEUS, or MATTHIEU LE ROUX, 

Ursinus, Cardinal Deacon of St. Mary in Porticu. 

A.D. 1 26 1- 1 306. 

22,119. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from a chipped impres- 
sion. 2 X i| in. [cxxxii. 97.] 

Pointed oval : the V. Mary, crowned, half-length, holding 
the Child, with nimbus, on the 1. arm ; betw. two angels, kneeling, 
their wings expanded, with nimbi, swinging thuribles. In the 
background at the sides of the Virgin's head, a crescent moon 
and wavy sun-star. Overhead, a trefoiled canopy. In base, 
under a trefoiled arch, with carved canopy of ecclesiastical 
architecture, the Cardinal, in profile to the r., with hands 
lifted in prayer, betw. a star or flower of five points and a 
crescent. 
[+ SJ' MATHei : SCe : MARI6 : IN : PORTICV : DIACONI : CARD'. 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 6150 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 163. 



ENRICO BARTHOLOMEI DE SOUSA, Cardinal 

Bishop of Ostia and Vclctri, or Velitrcs, one of the 
Episcopalus Snbifrbicarii et Cardinalitii. 

A.D. I263-I271. 

22,120. [A.D. 1265.] Cast in plaster tinted red, from an 
imperfect impression. 2 x i|in. [xcvi. 61 A. B.] 

0. Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing [on a platform or 
corbel], full-face, with mitre and vestments, lifting up the r. h. 
in the act of benediction, the 1. h. on the breast. At his 1. side 
a crozicr or pastoral staff, set somewhat obliquely, the curve 
turned inwards. 

. . . NRICI 6T VeLL€TR€N • 6Pi. 

ii. A small round countersca). \ in. diam. A dexter hand 



330 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

and vested arm issuing from the sin. side, grasping the two 
keys of St. Peter, palewise. 

* : AVe MARIA : 

Beaded borders. 

22,121. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast of the cbv. only, from a 
good impression, showing parts wanting in the previous seal. 
No. 22,120. [cxxxiii. 9.] 

© S' : H6NRICI : DT : GRA : HOSTieN : GT UeLLGTReN : eH. 
D'Arcq, No. 6147. 



GERARDUS BIANCHI, Cardinal Bishop of Sabina, 

one of tlie Episcopatus SiibiD-bicarii et Cardinalitii. 

A.D. 1 278-1 302. 

22,122. [a.D. 1293.] Sulph. cast from a good, but chipped, 
impression. About 2f x i^in. when perfect, [cxxvii. 574.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal Bishop, standing on a carved 
corbel or bracket, full-face, with jewelled mitre, and orna- 
mental vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction. 
In the 1. h., a crozier or pastoral staff, crocketed and floriated, 
the curve turned outwards. 

[fi! S'] GGRARDI : D6I : GRAGIA : GPT : SABlNeNSIS. 

Beaded borders. 



Counterseal. 

22,123. [a.D. 1290.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
i-i- in. [cxx.xiii. 28.] 

The half-length figure of a bishop, full-face, with mitre and 
crozier or pastoral staff, the curve turned outwards, lifting up 
the r. h. in benediction. 

«? SeCR6 • GGRARDl • 6PT • SABIN6N. 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 6159 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 225. 



GERVASIUS GIANCOLETTUS DE CLINCHAMP, 

Archdeacon of Paris, Presbyter Cardinal of SS. 
Silvester and Martin. A.D. 12S1. 

22,124. Sulph. cast from a good, but chipped, impression. 
About 2 X I J in. when perfect, [cxxix. 599.] 

Pointed oval : the Cardinal [standing on a corbel], full- 



ROME: — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 33 1 

face, with mitre or cap (apparently the regular hat of the 
Cardinals at this period), and vestments ; over the 1. arm the 
fanon or maniple ; lifting up both hands with all fingers 
extended in act of benediction. 

[+ SIIGILL' G'VA'ie • TT • SCI ■ MARTINI • PBRI • CAR. 
Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 241. 



JEAN CHOLET, a/. JOHANNES CIOLETTI, Presbyter 
Cardinal of St. Cecilia. A.D. 1281-1292. 

22.125. [a.D. 1285.] Sulph. cast from a chipped impres- 
sion. 2i X l-g- in. [cxxxiii. 20.] 

Pointed oval : a crowned Saint, probably St. Cecilia, betw. 
two saints standing, full-face, wearing fur cloaks, and each 
lifting up the interior hand, overhead an angel descending, 
holding in each hand a crown over the heads of the standing 
saints. The emblems are very indistinct, a palm branch in the 
hand of the central figure (?). In base, under a trefoiled arch 
ornamented with an arcaded canopy, the Cardinal, with mitre 
and vestments, in profile to the-j-/;/., lifting up the hands in 
prayer, betw. two keys, which refer to the arms of the Cardinal's 
family, a cross betw. four keys, figured in Ciaconius, torn. ii. 
col. 239. 

S' lOH'IS ■ Dl • GRA • TT SC6 • CGCILI6 • PBRI • CARD'. 

22.126. Another sulph. cast from an imperfect impression. 
[cxxvii. 120.] 

.... H'lS • Di ■ G ... TT •.. C6 ■ C6CILie • PBRI .... 
D'Arcq, No. 6157 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 239. 



BENEDICTUS CAIETANUS, Anagnitms, Cardinal Deacon 

of St. Nicolas in Carcere Tulliano, (aftertvards Pope 

Boniface VIII. a.d. 1294; ob. 1303.) 

22,127. [a.D. 1290.] Sulph. cast from a good but chipped 
impression. 2f X i^ in. [cxxxiii. 21.] 

Pointed oval : a niche, with pointed arch on slender piers 
with capitals, and central pier dividing it into two parts each 
with its pointed arch ; on the de.v. St. Benedict, with a book in 
his hands ; on the si)i. St. Nicolas, Bishop of Myra, with 
mitre and vestments, holding up the r. h. in the act of bene- 
diction, in the 1. h. a crozicr or pastoral staff, held obliquely 
before him. Over the capital of the central pier, in the 



332 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

spandril or open space beneath the large pointed arch, a 
demi-angel. In base, in a small niche with pointed arch, betw. 
small arcades, the Cardinal with mitre and vestments, kneeling 
in profile to the r. h., in adoration. Outside the large niche, 
on the dex. the inscription BENE, on the sin. NICO, to point 
out the identity of the two saints in the principal parts. 

[+ S' • BENEDICTI ■ SCI ■ NICOLAl • T • CACRCERIG • TVLLIAO ■ 
DIACOl • CARDINALIS. 

D'Arcq, No. 6158 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 244. 

22,128. [a.D. 1290.] Another sulph. cast from a chipped 
impression, [cxxxii. 83.] 

. . . ENEDICTl ■ SCI NICOLAl E • TVLLIAO • 

DIACOl • CARDIN . . . 



Magister LAURENTIUS DE URBE, Proctor of " Bom 
Neapot'uils Cardinalis" [i.e. Neapoleo Ursinus, 
Cardinal Deacon of St. Hadrian, etc. 
A.D. 1228-1347.] 
22,129. [A.D. 1298.] Green: cracked, imperfect About 
■f- in. when perfect. [Harl. ch. 84 E. 26.] 
Bust of St. Laurence. 

. . [LlAVReNTlVIS.il I 



RAIMOND DE GOTH, Cardinal Deacon of Sancta Maria 
Nova. A.D. 1 305-1 3 1 1. 

22,130. [a.D. 1307.] Sulph. cast from a chipped, imper- 
fect impression. About 2J- X I i in. when perfect, [cxxxii. 98.] 

Pointed oval : the projecting front of pulpit or niche with 
pointed arch and canopy of architectural work with sides of 
open tracery, containing a half-length figure of the V. Mary, 
with nimbus, holding the Child, also with nimbus, on the 1. 
arm. In base, under an arch, the mitred head of the Cardinal 
alone remains. 

© S' RAIMVDI • Oe DIACONI . . RDINA . . . 

D'Arcq, No. 6176 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 379. 



STEPHEN DE PARIS, al. STEPHANUS PARISIENSIS, 

Presbyter Cardinal of St. Cyriac in Therniis. 
A.D. 1305-1311. 

22,131. [a.D. 1307.] Sulph. cast from a chipped impres- 
sion. 2| X liin. [cxxxiii. 18.] 



ROME : — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 333 

Pointed oval : 2. facade oi ecclesiastical architecture. In the 
upper storey or niche, the V. Mary seated with the Child on a 
bench-like throne with branches of foliage at the sides, under 
a canopied arch. In the middle storey, the martyrdom of 
Cyriac, Icneeling before the executioner who is striking off his 
nimbused head with a sword ; overhead two fleurs-de-lis. This 
group is under a arcade of three pointed arches. In base, 
under a trefoiled arch, the Cardinal in profile to the r. with 
mitre and vestments, the hands elevated in adoration. 

. . . STGPH'I . . . GRAT T T6RM1S • PBRI • CARD'. 

D'Arcq, No. 6174 ; Ciaconius, /. f., torn, ii., col. 376. 



BERENGARIUS STEDELLI, al. BERENGER 

FREDEOLE, Presbyter Cardinal of SS. Nereits 

and Achilles. A.D. 1305-1321. 

22,132. [a.d. 1307.] Sulph. cast from a chipped, indis- 
tinct impression. About 2i X 1 '7 in. when perfect, [cxxxiii. 2.] 

Pointed oval : an arcade or facade of two gothic niches, 
with trefoiled arches enclosed in pointed arches, pinnacled 
and crocketed, and ornamented with stages of architectural 
work in form of towers at the sides. The backgrounds 
diapered lozengy with a small annulet in each interstitial 
space. In the dex. niche a sainted queen with palm branch, 
in the sin. niche a sainted abbot, with palm branch, lifting 
up the r. h. in the act of benediction, each saint has the name 
on the plinth below, but the inscription is too indistinct to 
read. In a niche overhead an uncertain design ; in a niche 
with pointed arch, betw. two narrow round-headed windows, 
in base, the Cardinal, in profile to the r., with mitre, lifting 
up the hands in prayer. Along the edge of the arch an 
inscription too indistinct to be read. Over the crocketings, 
two small indistinct objects. 

S S' ■ B6ReNG PBRI t CARD'. 

D'Arcq, No. 6177 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 373. 



PIERRE DE LA CHAPELLE TAILLEFER. Cardinal 

Bishop of Pmneste, or Palcstrina {Penestriiius Episcopns) 

one of the Episccpatns Suburbicarii et Cardinalitii. 

A.D. I 307-1 3 I 2. 

22,133. [A.D. 1307.] Sulph. cast from a good but chipped 
impression. About al X if in. when perfect, [cxxxiii. 12.] 

Pointed oval : \.\\q. faqade of an ecclesiastical edifice of three 
storeys. In the upper part a niche with trefoiled arch, 
canop\' of churchlike architecture, and side work pinnacled, 



334 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

containing a representation of the Crucifixion. Our Lord 
on the Cross betw. two trees, St. Mary the Virgin and St. 
John the EvangeHst, each with nimbus. In the central part, 
an arcade of three niches with arches pointed and trefoiled, 
supported on two slender shafts, with pinnacled side work, 
containing three standing figures ; that in the central niche 
holds a palm branch and book, St. Paul with sword and book on 
the dex., and St. Peter with keys and book on the sin. side. 
Each saint wears a nimbus. In the base, in a niche with 
trefoiled arch, the Cardinal Bishop, with mitre and vest- 
ments, kneeling in profile to the sin. with hands clasped in 
adoration. Outside this niche two fleurs-de-lis, one on each 
side. 

S' . . . . I • Dei ■ GR^A ■ 6PI ■ PeNGSTRINI {sic). 
Beaded borders. 

BERNARD DE CASTANET, Cardinal Bishop of Porto 

and St. Rujina, one of the Episcopatus Suhnrbicarii 

et Cardinalitii. A.D. 1316, 1317. 

22,134. [a. D. 1 3 17.] Sulph. cast from an impression some- 
what injured by pressure. About 2|- X if in. [cxxxiii. 11.] 

Pointed oval : the fa(^ade of an ecclesiastical edifice. In 
the upper storey a small niche with trefoiled arch, and cliurch- 
like canopy, containing a half-length figure of the Virgin 
Mary, seated on a throne the sides of which terminate in 
heads of animals, and holding the Child on the 1. arm. In the 
central storey, two niches with pointed arches supported by a 
central shaft, and with pinnacled tabernacle work at the sides, 
containing on the dex. side St. Ilippolytus the Martyr, first 
Bishop of the See, standing, with palm branch and book, on 
the sin. St. Rufina, crowned, standing, with palm branch and 
sceptre. In base, under an arch, the Cardinal Bishop, with 
mitre and vestments, kneeling in profile to the sin. side, with 
hands clasped in adoration ; betw. two pierced cinquefoiis on 
the spandrils. 
S' • B6RNARDI • Del ■ GRA • PORTVeN' ■ eT ■ SG6 • RVFIN • CPl. 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 6259, with description of a counterscal : a female bust in 
prolile to the right, and legend : + ceLA ■ seCReTVM. 



GAUCELINUS DE OSSA, son of JOHN DE O.SSA, brother 

of ]011N XXL, Presbyter Cardinal of SS. Marcellinus 

and Peter. A.D. 13 16; ob. A.D. 1337. 

22,135. [a.d. 1319] Sulph. cast from a fine impression. 
2t X 'tt '"■ [cxxxii. 92.] 



ROME :— COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 335 

Pointed oval : a fumade of two storeys, with canopy of 
ecclesiastical architecture, and side pinnacles, crocketed. In 
the upper storey, under a trefoiled arch the Virgin Mary seated 
with the Child on her 1. knee ; in the lower storey under 
pointed arches, upheld by a central pier, figures of St. Peter 
on the dex. and St. Marcellinus on the sin., indicated by the 
inscription of their names S' Pe • S' • MARCeLL' • along the 
frieze overhead. In base, under an arch, with countersunk 
trefoils spandrils, the Cardinal, with mitre and vestments, 
kneeling in prayer, in profile to the right. 

S GAVCeLINI : Dl : G^A : fV • SCOR : MARC6LLINI : 
6T • PGT' • PBRI : CARD'. 
D'Arcq, No. 6178 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 40S. 



PETRUS VAURELLI, Proctor of Bertrandus, Cardinal 
Deacon of St. Mary in Aqniro, Rector of the Church 
of Brantinghatn, co. York. 

22,136. [a.d. 1336.] Red: fine, but slightly chipped. 
I in. [Add. ch. 29,245 ] 

An Agnus Dei, in a circular compartment ornamented 
along the inner edge with small crosses : outside the com- 
partment four fleurs-de-lis in cross, the feet towards the centre. 
All in a finely traced and pointed quatrefoil panel ; orna- 
mented as above along the inner edge, and with small 
countersunk trefoil openings on the spandrils. 
® SIGILLVM ® P6TRI * VAVR6LLI. 

Beaded borders. 



GUY DE BOULOGNE, Cardinal Bishop of Porto and St. 

Riifina, one of the Episcopatus Suburbicarii et 

Cardinalitii. A.D. 1 3 50- 1373. 

22,137. [a.d. 1352.] Sulph. cast from a good but chipped 
impression, i^ in. [cxxxiii. 7.] 

A shield of arms : a.gonfauoii. Above the shield, a demoiselle, 
half-length ; at each side, a mermaid with butterfly's wings. 
Within a pointed quatrefoil panel, ornamented with tracery. 

■^ S' • GVIDONIS ■ Dei • FIN6 • GPI ■ CARDINAL'. 

D'Arcq, No. 61S6 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 493, with shield of 
arms : a triple-towcrcd casllc. 



JEAN DE LA GRANGE, Presbyter Cardinal of St. Mar- 

celhis, Bishop of Amiens. A.D. 1373-1375. 

See Vol. v., p. 155, Xa 18,173. 



33^ CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



SYMON DE BORSANO, al. BORSINUS, " TiUtlo 

Sanctorjim Johannis et Pmcli Cardinalis, A uditor 

Judex sen Commissarhts cause a doinino 

nostra Papa specialiter deputatus" 

ob. A.D. 1 38 1. 

22,138. [A.D. 1378.] Plaster cast from the original seal, 
much injured by pressure, and very indistinct, in the possession 
of the Dean and Chapter of Westminster. 4-i- x 3-g- in. [ex. 94.] 

Pointed oval : an architectural fa(;ade: in the upper niche, 
the B. V. Mary and the Child, betw. angels ; in the central 
part two saints standing full-face, the one on the r. h. holding 
a palm branch, betw. smaller side niches in which are other 
saints ; in base the Cardinal with mitre, profile to the 1., in an 
arched niche betw. shields of arms. The arms of this 
Cardinal are tricked by Ciaconius as : bendy of eight, the 
alternate bends per bend. 

S' SIMONIS • TT ■ SCOR ■ lOH'IS • . . . AVLI PBRI • 
CARDINACLIIS. 
Beaded borders. 

Ciaconius, /. c, torr.. ii., col. 607. 



JEAN DE GROS, al. JOHANNES DE CROSSO, Cardinal 

Bishop of Preneste or Palestrina, one of the Episcopatiis 

Siibiirbicarii or Cardinalitii of the Holy Roman See. 

A.D. 1371-1383. 

22,139. [a.d. 1379.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
3i in. [c.xxxiii. 6.] 

Pointed oval : a very elaborately designed facade of three 
niches with pinnacled canopies richly carved. In each niche 
a saint standing, full-face, with nimbus and palm branch of 
martyrdom. Background diapered. In base in a niche with 
trefoiled arch, the Cardinal Bishop, with mitre, kneeling in 
adoration ; on the masonry at the sides, two similar shields of 
arms : vair^, a chief per fess (or in chief a fess). 

S : lOHANNlS • Dei : GRACIA • ePISCOPI • PeN€STRINI hie) M 
CARDINALIS *< 

D'.-\rcq, No. 6193 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, ii., col. 601. 



HENRY BEAUFORT, Bishop of Winchester, A.D. 1405-1447, 
J 'resbj'ter Cardinal of St. Eusebius. 

See Vol. I., p. 354, Nos. 2253, 2254. 



ROME : — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 337 

ALAMANUS ADIMARIUS, Presbyter Cardinal of 
St. Eusebius. A.D. 14 10-142 2. 

See further on, No. 22,191. 



JUAN DE CARVAJAL, al. JOHANNES DE CARVAIAL, 

Cardinal Deacon of S. Angelo in Foro Pisciniii, afterw. 

Presbyter Cardinal of St. Cross in Hiernsalem. 

A.D. \d,l\-circ. 1460. 

22,140. Red. 4J- X 2f in. Embedded in a mass of wliite 
wax, with raised rim, in form of a boat, with a portion of the 
red cord by which it was originally app. to a document. 
Si X 3f [Cott. ch. xvi. 8.] 

Pointed oval : an elaborately designed _/(7f^^^ of two storeys, 
with three separate niches in each, those in the upper storey 
heavily canopied with crocketings and pinnacles. In the 
upper series are (l) the Virgin Mary, half-length, with 
nimbus, holding the Child, also with nimbus, on the r. arm ; 
betw. (2) half-length figures of St. John Baptist, with hairy 
coat and Agnus Dei on the dex., and (3) St. John the 
Evangelist with a chalice, from which a serpent is issuing 
(one of the accustomed emblems of this Saint) on the sin. 
side. In the lower series are (4) Michael the Archangel, in 
armour, standing on the Dragon, and piercing his open jaws 
with a long cross ; betw. (5) St. Peter the Apostle, with 
nimbus and keys on the dex., and (6) St. Paul the Apostle 
with nimbus, sword and book on the sin. side. Outside these, 
two side niches, of lower elevation, canopied, crocketed and 
pinnacled as the former, containing (7) St. Anthony of Padua 
with nimbus, lily branch, and book on the dex., and (8) St. 
Nicholas of Tolentino, or St. Dominic, with an estoile on his 
breast. The whole design rests on a corbel or bracket of 
masonry, ornamented with four rings attached by staples to 
the masonry ; and in base, in a round-headed niche, the 
Cardinal, turned to the 1., kneeling with hands clasped in 
prayer, betw. two similar shields of arms : a bend, within a 
narrow bordure, for Carvajal, each ensigned with a cardinal's 
hat. The niche also rests on a small corbel of masonr}', betw. 
two sprigs of foliage. 

s* S ■ 10 • DE • CARVAIAL ■ CARD ■ SCI • ANGELI *< 

22,141. Sulph, cast of No. 22,140. [D. C, G. 6<^:\ 
Ciaconus, /. c, torn, ii., col. 925. 



VOL. VL 



338 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

GEORGES D'AMBOISE, al. DE AMBASIA, 

Presbyter Cardinal of St. Sixties, Archbishop 
of Rouen. A.D. 149.S ; ob. 15 10. 

SeeVo\. v., p. 211, No. 18,374. 



MATTHJETJS SCHINER, al. SCHINNER, Presbyter 

Cardinal of St. Pndentiana, Bishop of Sitten, 

al. Sion {Sediinensis Episcopiis) in 

Germany, A.D. 1499-1522. 

22,142. [a.d. 1 5 16.] Red: chipped, somewhat indistinct. 
i^ in. [Add. ch. 1520.] 

A shield of arms : bendy of six, on a chief a cross quarterly 
quartered, SCHINER. On a long cross. Ensigned with a 
cardinal's hat, each string knotted and tasselled with six 
tassels, one, two, and three. On a scroll, over the hat, the 
motto : — 

DE • DEO • [GL30RIA. 

Legend almost illegible : — 



. . . HE . . . [C]AR • SED • MA 
Ciaconius, /. c, torn, iii., col. 293. 



ALEXANDER STUART, Archbishop of St. Andrews 
in Scotland. A.D. 1510. 

See Vol. IV., p. 55, No. 14,941. 



Magister Prater MGIDIUQ VITERBIENSIS, Cardinal 

of St. Mattliei'j, aftcriv. of St. Marccllus, 

Patriarch of Constantinople, etc., Legate of the 

Apostolic See de Latere. 

A.D. 1513; ob. 1524. 

22,143. Cast in red plaster from a fine impression or 
matrix. 4,VX2|in. [Ixxv. 61.] 

Pointed oval : the B. Virgin enthroned, with the Child on 
the r. knee, betw. St. Augustine as a sainted Bishop with 
crozier and book on the dcx., and St. Nicolas, the hermit 
of Tolentino with lily branch, and on a short staff a radiated 
estoile (on which is impressed a face ?) in the hands. The 
names of the accessory figures are inscribed on the plinth of 
the platform or front of the ornamental corbel on which the 
design rests ; — S AVGVSTINVS >«.*/« s NICOLAVS • TOL ■ The 
throne is elaborately carved after the style of the renaissance. 



ROME : — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 339 

with raised dais, the riser ornamented with arabesque foliage ; 
sliell back with dome and lantern supported on Corinthian 
columns : the sides or elbows in form of seated lions. In base, 
on the corbel, which is ornamented with a broad band charged 
with roses or cinquefoiled flowers, an ornamental shield of 
arms : on three mounts or a tertre, a cross betw. two smaller 
crosses of which the arms are set obliquely, all forming a Hill of 
Calvary ; above the shield, a cross fleury, ensigned with a 
cardinal's hat, the ties knotted and adorned with six tassels. 

EGIDIVS, CAR, TT, S, MATTHEI, SANCTE, APOSTOLICE, 
SEDIS, DE LATERE, LEGATVS. 
Carved borders. 

A fine example of Italian art, and may be compared with 
the seal of Cardinal Andreas de Valle. See No. 22,144. 

Ciaconius, /. c, torn, iii., col. 395. 



ANDREAS DE VALLE {Bishop of Miletum in Calabria, 

A.D. 1 508-1 523], Presbyter Cardinal of Sancta 

Prisca. A.D. 15 17, etc. ; ob. A.D. 1553. 

22,144. Plaster cast from a fine impression, which has been 
purposely hacked v^fith a sharp tool, in order to deface it. 
41- X 2| in. [Ixxv. 62.] 

Pointed oval : on a rectangular platform a group of Holy 
persons, consisting of the Virgin Mary seated with the Child, 
on a moulded base, on the 1. h. side, St. Peter kneeling before 
them, offering his key to the Child. St. Sebastian with an 
arrow on the ground before him, on the r. h. side ; in the 
background St. Andrew with his saltire cross, a sainted Arch- 
bishop with a long cross, a prelate with mitre and book, and 
a female saint and martyr with a palm branch. Behind the 
group, a gateway or architectural edifice with two advancing 
wings at the sides, topped with domes, and adorned with 
round-headed arches or openings. Over all, in the heavens, 
the Trinity treated after the conventional manner of the 
Almighty Father, seated, holding the Crucified Son betw. hi.s 
knees, with a Dove of the Holy Spirit above the head of 
Christ. In base, under the platform, a shield of arms : two 
lions rampant combatant, betw. five estoiles, three in chief, two 
betw. the lions, in pale, on a chief a demi-eagle rising, issuing, 
crowned. Cf Ciaconius, I.e., torn, iii., col. 350, where the eagle 
is represented displayed. The shield is ensigned with a 
cardinal's hat, the strings knotted and adorned with six 
tassels each, one, two, and three. At the sides, holding up 
the platform, two winged piitti or cupids on a background 
faintly arabesqued with foliage, and replenished with ten 

Z 2 



340 CATALOGUE OP SEALS. 

estoiles (which belong to the arrangement of the legend) 
along the edge of the design. This beautiful design of 
Italian renaissance art is signed with a monogram, or design, 
set on the edge of the front wall of the left wing, just behind 
the right thigh of St. Sebastian. 

» ANDREAS » TT a S • PRISCAE Si!0(5a!Cs!t!SsW»»!a»Si 
PRES » CAR B DE « VALLE *. 

Inner border beaded. 



THOMAS WOLSEY, Archbishop of York, A.D. 1514-1530 ; 

Carduial of England, " Cardinalis Aiiglie," A.D. i 526 ; 

Presbyter Cardinal of St. Cecilia. 

See Vol. I., p. 2,77, Nos. 2339-2341. 



DAVID BETOUN, al. BETON, Presbyter Cardinal of 
St. Stephen in Celio lMo>itc, etc. A.D. 1539-1546. 

SeeYoX. IV, pp. 57, 58, Nos. 14,946-14,948. 



ANTONIO TRIVULZIO, al. TRIVULCIUS, Presbyter 

Cardinal of SS. John and Paul, legate. 
A.D. 1555-1559- 
22,145. [A.D. 1558.] Sulph. cast from an indistinct im- 
pression. i-H-i'''- [c.x.x.xiii. 19.] 

An ornamental carved shield of arms of oval form : paly of 
six pieces, Trivulzio. Ensigned with a cross fleuronnec on 
a triple foot, above which a cardinal's hat, the strings knotted 
and tassellcd. 

ANT • TIT • S . . . ET • S • PAV • S ■ R • E • PB • CARD - 
TRIVVLTIVS • LEG. 
Carved border. 

D'Arcq, No. 6224 ; Ciaconius, /. c, torn, iii., col. S55. 



REGINALD 'BOl^'E,, Archbishop of Canterbury, k.V>. 1557; 
Presbyter Cardinal of Sta. Maria in Cosviedin, etc. 

Sec Vol. I., p. 175, No. 1281. 

22,146. See also another example in Add. ch. 28,953. 
A.D. 1558. 



ROME : — COLLEGE OF CARDINALS. 34I 

CARLO BORROMEO, J«i;/ ^/GlBERT, Count of AKOti\, 
and Margaret dei Medici, sister of Pope Pius IV., 

Presbyter Cardinal of St. Praxedes, and " Major 
PcsiiitetUiarins" of t lie Holy See. A.D. 1560, ob. 1584. 

Signets. 

22,147. Plaster cast from a good impression. i-rV ^ i '"• 
[xlvii. 2263.] 

Oval : a heart-shaped shield of arms : quarterly ; I, 4. six 
roundles, etc., MedicI, 2, 3. quarterly ; i, iv. bendy vaire of 
six, per bend countercharged, ii, iii. two bars, over all a bend ; 
over all a small escutcheon charged with arms, somewhat 
resembling the first quartering of the second quarter. Above 
the shield a cross crosslet. Ensigned with a cardinal's hat, 
each of the ties knotted and finished off with a single tassel. 

+ CAROLVS • S • R • E • CARDIN : BORROMEVS. 

Beaded border. 

Laing, MS. Catal., No. '6* ; cf. Ciaconius, /. c, torn, iii., col. 891, 
where the arms are differently drawn. The arms of the family of 
BORROMEO, of San Miniato, Tuscany, are three bars over all a bendlct. 



LOUIS DE LORRAINE, Cardinal de Guise, etc., 
ArchbisJwp of Rlicims. A.D. 161 2-162 l 

^^•^ Vol. v., pp. 260, 261, Nos. 18,540, 18,541. 



PALUTIUS PALUTIUS DE ALBERTONIBUS, 

"Presbyter Cardinal is de A Iter lis, titulo Sanctorum 

Duodecivi Apostoloruvi, ct Saiictce Romanes 

Ecclesice Camcrarius" etc., circ. A.D. 1655-1667. 

22,148. Wafer, covered with paper before impression. 
If X i|in. [cv. 89.] 

Oval : an ornamentally carved shield of arms : si.x estoiles, 
three, two, and one, in pile, within a bordure dencJu'e. Above 
the shield a cherub betvv. two leopards' heads, in the carving ; 
above these, a long cross ; ensigned with a cardinal's hat 
knotted and ornamented with six tassels on each side, upheld 
by two ainorini or putt i. 

» PALVTIVS » PRESB » CARD » DE « ALTERYS « 
S a R » E » CAMERAR St 
Carved border. 

Ciaconius, /. c, torn, iv., cols. 757, 7S0. 



CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



EMILIUS DE BLANCHIS, Cardinal. 

22.149. [17th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax from the matrix, preserved in the Department of British 
and Mediaeval Antiquities. \\ in. [cxxiv. 32.] 

A shield of arms : three bends, over all a fess. Ensigned with 

a cardinal's hat, the cords knotted and ornamented with tassels. 

*EMILIVS*DE BLANCHIS. 
Beaded border. 

J/rt/vy/z/j.^/BETHISSY DE MEZIERES, Cardinal. 

22.150. [i 8th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matrix, preserved in the Department of British and 
Mediceval Antiquities. About i x |- in. [cxxiv. 33.] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms : azure, fretty of six 
pieces, or, Betiilsy DE MeziEres, ensigned with a jewelled 
coronet of five leaves for a marquis, betvv. a mitre on the dex. 
side, and the curved end of a crozier or pastoral staff on the 
sin. side, each set obliquely. The shield hung with drooping 
festoons of foliage, and over all a cardinal's hat with knotted 
cords and ten tassels on each cord. 

On a scroll or label, at the top of the seal, the family motto : — 

ET VIRTUS ET SANGUIS. 
Cabled border. 

LUDOVICUS RENATUS, al. LOUIS RENi: DE 

ROHAN-SOUBISE, Bishop of Sirasslmrg, A.D. 1760-1803 ; 

Cardinal, A.D. 1778. 

22.151. Recent impression in red sealing-wax, from the 
silver matri.x, preserved in the Department of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. 1^;: X f in. [cxxiv. 8.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a bend per bend ; 2, 3. a 
double crancelin or bend flory counterllory : — overall an escut- 
cheon, quarterly ; i, 4. FRANCE (MODERN) ; 2, 3. NAVARRE: 
— over all again an escutcheon of small dimensions, per pale, 
dex. nine mascles, three, three and three, Rohan ; sin. ermine, 
Bretagne. The shield set on an archbishop's cross, betw. a 
sword and pastoral staff or crozier in saltire, encircled with 
the ribbon of the Order of the HOLY GlJOST, with pendant 
badge bearing a dove ; on a mantle-lined ermine, bunched up 
with ribbons at the shoulderings, and tucked at the top into a 
prince's ehapeau, ermine. Above and over all, a cardinal's 
hat with two cords, each knotted, curled, and garnished with 
fifteen tassels. 

Carved border. 

See Morant's MSS., Add. MS. 31,960, fol. \2\b, where the quarterings 
cf Fr.'^nce and Navarre are transposed. 



( 343 ) 



ECCLESIASTICAL OFFICES, 

AND 

OFFICERS OF THE PAPAL COURT. 



AUDITOR GENERAL OF THE ROMAN COURT. 

PETRUS DE VINCENTIA, Episcopns Cesenatis, 
(al. PETRUS MENZI, Bishop of Ccsena in Italy), 

" D. N. Papcz ejtisqiie Camerarii, necnon 
Caiisaruni Camere sive Curie illiiis Generalis Auditor!^ 

22,152. [a.D. 1489.] Red : fragment enclosed in a tinned 
iron box, and app. by hempen cords. About 3^ X 2 in, when 
perfect [Add. ch, 12,791.] 

Pointed oval : a z2lXvg.<1 faqade of two storeys ; in the upper 
part, a half-length figure of the Virgin Mary, and the Child 
on her 1. arm, betw. two angels, in a [canopied] niche ; in the 
lower part, in two round-headed niches, St. Peter on the dex. 
with a key and book, St. Paul on the siu. with sword and 
book. Open work at the sides. The base part wanting. 
S' AVDITORIS • GGNe CAMGRe • APOSTOLlCe. 

With some pairs of letters conjoined. 



AUDITOR SACRI PALACII. 
STEPHEN DE ASSERIO, Canon of { ?) 

22,153. Sulph. cast from an imperfect impression. About 
2 X If in. when perfect. [Ixix. 55.] 

Pointed oval : The " Stoning of St. Stephen," by two 
assailants, under an arcade of trefoiled round-headed pen- 
dentives. The Saint kneeling in profile to the r. with hands 
uplifted in prayer towards the upper storey of the design 
which contains the Virgin Mary, crowned, seated on a throne, 
holding the Child, with nimbus, on the 1. knee, in her r. h. a 
globe or orb, in an arched niche with cinquefoiled arch, 
pinnacled, crocketed and ornamented with open tabernacle 
work at the sides. In base under a pointed arch ornamented 
along the inner edge with small quatrefoils, and flanked with 
arcades, the Auditor, kneeling in profile to the r. in adoration. 

Nl • De • ASSeRIO ■ CAN . . LIAN' • 

SAC • PALACII • AVDITOR'. 
Beaded borders. 



344 CATALOGUE GF SEALS. 

AUDITOR CAUSARUM SACRI PALACII. 
WILLIAM HORBORCH, Decrett. Doc. 

22,154. [a.D. 1378.] Plaster cast, tinted red, from a good 
impression. 2^ x i~ in. [xliii. 68.] 

Pointed oval : in a niche with carved canopy crocketed and 
pinnacled, and ornamented with tabernacle work at the 
sides, St. Mark the Evangelist, with nimbus, seated at a 
lectern, writing a book of Gospel. Overhead a hat and a 
suspended lantern, by his side a lion sejant, his emblem. In 
the base, in a round-headed niche, the Auditor of the Causes, 
with hands in prayer, looking upwards towards the Saint, betw. 
masonry carrying two shields of arms : a cinquefoiled rose 
radiated, betw. three trefoils. Cf the arms of HoBERT. 
S' • WILHeLMl • HORBORCH • SAC • PALACII • CAR • AUDITOR'. 

The letters AU conjoined. 

Beaded borders. 

Cf. Arundel MS., 468. 



AUDITOR CAUSARUM SACRI PALACII 
APOSTOLICI. 
Dom. NICHOLAUS DE BOTKESHAM. 

22,155. [a.D. 1380.] Red: imperfect. 3 X i| in. Set in 
a boat-shaped mass of uncoloured wax. 4 x 2i in. App. by 
a green thread cord. [Add. ch. 19,851.] 

Pointed oval, in a canopied niche, a representation of the 
" Annunciation of the Virgin Mary " : the angel kneeling 
with expanded wings, holding a scroll inscribed : — 

AVe M GRA. 

In base under a round-headed arch, the Auditor adoring 
the group, betw. two shields of arms, set at the sides : dex. 
quarterly ; the charges uncertain and indistinct ; sin. broken 
off. The inner border is engrailed or invected. 

S' NIGOLAI ■ D' ■ BOTKeS [PALIACII ■ APP'LICI ■ 

CAR • AVDITOR'. 



BERTRANDUS DE ARNASSANO, 

Decrett. Doct., D. N. Papa Capeltanus, it ipsiiis Saci'i 
Palatii Apostoiki Caiisarum A iiditor. 

22,156. [a.D. 1402.] Plaster cast from the original seal 
in possession of the Dean and Chapter of Westminster. 
3f X 2J- in. [cviii. 41.] 

Pointed oval : a flat-headed niche, very heavily canopied, 



ECCLESIASTICAL OFFICES, ETC. 345 

and ornamented at the sides with tower-work of corre- 
sponding design, containing the Virgin Mary seated, holding 
the Child on the 1. arm. In base, in a flat-headed niche, the 
Auditor, in the habit of a Doctor, kneeling to the dex., full- 
face, with hands clasped in adoration, betw. two similar shields 
of arms on masonry : two chevrons appointcs, that in chief 
inverted, betw. four mullets. The inner moulding of the 
central niche, and lintel of the smaller niche ornamented with 
small quatrefoils. 

D6 . . DOCTOR' ■ SAC ■ PAL' • AP'LCI • CA 

Beaded borders. 

NICOLAUS VARDIS, al. VINIONI. 

Bishop of Ferentino in Italy, Utr. Jitr. Doct., 
Auditor Causanim Sacri Palatii Apostolici. A.D. 1 395-1409. 

22.157. [A.D. 1404.] Red : fine. 2i x \\ in. On a 
boat-shaped mass of self-coloured wax, with raised edges. 
31 X 24 in. App. by a woven bobbin of red silk cord. [Add. 
ch. 21,419.] 

Pointed oval : St. Katharine, standing, full-face, draped and 
crowned, her head surrounded by rays, in the r. h a wheel, in 
the 1. h. a sword. Within an elaborately carved niche with 
lantern canopy and tabernacle work at the sides, pinnacled 
and crocketed. In the base, on arabesques of foliage, the 
Auditor, in the habit of a Doctor, kneeling in profile to the 
dex., with hands uplifted in adoration ; betw. two shields of 
arms : dex. qnarterly ; a fess wavy charged with a barrulet 
wavy ; sin. per pale, a fess. 

S' ntfolai • barOis • utuffB • iuris • Sottoi" • faC • 
jjali • ap • rar • auD'. 

Beaded bo.-ders. 

Vciieyabilis ct Ciraniispccti/s Vir Don/ inns 

JOHANNES DE THOMARIJS de Bononia, 

Decrett. Doct., Auditor Causarum Sacri Palacii Apostolici. 

22.158. [A.D. 141 3.] Red. About 21 x i^ in. when 
perfect. Enclosed in a boat-shaped mass of self-coloured 
wax : very imperfect. About 34- X 24- in. when perfect. 
App by a string bobbin. [Harl. ch. 75 A. 3.] 

Pointed oval : a niche, with pointed arch divided by two 
trefoil pendentives, heavily canopied and ornamented at the 
sides with tabernacle work, and topped with a fleur-de-lis, 
intended to represent the Holy Sepulchre ; therein a carved 
rectangular pulpit or grave, from which rises a half-length 
figure of Our Lord, with cruciferous nimbus, hands crossed on 



346 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

the breast, the body naked to the loins, which are girt with 
a cloth ; the whole design representing the Resurrection. In 
base, the centre, which probably contained a kneeling figure 
of the Auditor in a niche, and the dex. side containing a 
shield of arms, are wanting ; on the sin. side a shield of arms : 
an eagle displayed, debruised by a barrulet. 
Legend in ornamental capital letters : — 

S' lOHA . . . De . THOMARllS ■ DeCR PALAC • 

APL'I • CAR • AVDITOR'. 
Beaded borders. 

22,159. Sulph. cast from No. 22,158. [D.C., G. 12.] 



JOHANNES DE OPPICZIS, Dccrett. Doct., 

D. N. Pape Capcllanus, 

Auditor Cajisaruni Sacri Palacii Apostolici. 

22.160. [a.D. 1423.] Plaster cast, tinted red, from an 
imperfect impression. About 3x2 in. when perfect, [xcvi. 82.] 

Pointed oval : in a canopied niche, crocketed, pinnacled, 
and ornamented at the sides with buttresses and tabernacle 
work, St. John Baptist, standing turned slightly to the r., 
with nimbus and hairy dress, holding in the 1. h. the Agnus 
Dei or Lamb and Flag, and pointing to it with the extended 
forefinger of his right hand. Background diapered lozengy. 
In base, in an arched niche the Auditor, in the robe of a 
Doctor, kneeling in profile to the r. in adoration ; betw. two 
similar shields of arms, bendy of six. ' 

Dortons • ac 

See G. T. Clark, Carter de Glamorgan, vol. iv., pp. 327-332, for the 
deed to which this seal is appended. 

22.161. Plaster cast from another very imperfect impression. 

[xcvi. S3.] 

[fajcri ♦ i>al[arii] 

22.162. Plaster cast from another imperfect impression, 
[xcvi. 84.] 

ojjpif • Bortor vis ;* 



LAURENTIUS DE ARETIO, Decrett. Doct., 

D. N. Papic Capdianiis, et ipshis Sacri Palacii Apostolici 

Catisarum Auditor. 

22,163. [a.D. 1439.] Self-coloured, faced with red : a 
fragment. App. by a string bobbin. About 2;' X l| in. when 
perfect. [Add. ch. 6307.] 



ECCLESIASTICAL OFFICES, ETC. 347 

Pointed oval : a draped figure, probably the Virgin Mary, 
in a niche with architectural work at the sides, the upper part 
of the figure and the canopy, etc., broken off. In base, in a 
round-headed niche, the Auditor, kneeling to the dex., with 
hands clasped in adoration, and wearing a kind of mitre and 
a Doctor's robe, betw. two shields of arms : a winged horse or 
Pegasus segreant. 

TIO . . . TOR 



ANTONIUS DE GRASSIS, Utriusque Juris DocL, 

A rchipresbytcr et Caiioniciis Bononiensis, 

D. N. Papce Capellaitus, Sacri Palacii, etc., Caiisa7-um Auditor. 

22,164. [ad. 1482.] Plaster cast from the original seal 
in possession of the Dean and Chapter of Westminster. 
3 X 1 1 in. [cvii. 69.] 

Pointed oval : an architectural facade of three niches, that 
in the centre heavily canopied, those at the sides supporting 
flying buttresses, finished with pinnacles and crockets. In 
the centre the Virgin Mary full-face, with nimbus, holding the 
Child, also with nimbus, on the 1. arm ; betw. two Saints, 
apparently St. Peter and St. Paul, with their customary 
emblems, but very indistinct. In base, in a round-headed 
niche, the Auditor, in the habit of a Doctor, kneeling in profile 
to the dex., full-face, hands clasped in adoration ; betw. two 
similar shields of arms : an eagle displayed, Gr.-VSSIS. 

S' • ANTGNII • D' • GRASSIS • IVR • VTRIVSQ' • DOCTOR ■ 
SAC • PALATII • CAVSAR • AVDITORIS. 



22,165. [15th cent] Sulph. cast from an imperfect im- 
pression. 2f X 14 in. [l.xxiv. 35.] 

Pointed oval : a carved facade of architectural design, 
pinnacled, crocketed, and ornamented with tabernacle work 
at the sides. In the small upper storey or niche, a half-length 
figure of the Virgin Mary with the Child ; in the central niche 
canopied with three arches, standing figures, on the dex., of a 
Saint with nimbus, in the 1. h. a palm branch, in the r. h. a 
stone or other uncertain device, possibly St. .Stephen the 
Protomartyr ; on the sin., of a bishop or abbat, with mitre 
and pastoral staff or crozier, the curve turned inwards, lifting 
up the r. h. in the act of benediction. Background diapered 
lozengy. In the base, a small round-headed niche, pinnacled 
and crocketed, containing the Auditor, in the habit of a 
Doctor of Law, kneeling in profile to the dex., with hands 
clasped in adoration, betw. two similar shields of arms on 



348 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

diaper. The armorial bearings appear to be : a demi-lion 
rampant crowned, with a sword thrust through its mouth in 
bend. 

f : tit'us' • iur' • Sot' • z • s • j) • 

apri • raur • aufltf. 
Beaded borders, 

AUDITOR SACRI PALACII AD CAUSAS. 
RICHARD . . SSIT . . ., Canon of {Orleans 1) 

22,166. [15th cent.] Sulph. cast from a chipped impression. 
2 X i| in. [Ixxiv. 25.] 

Pointed oval : the martyrdom of a Saint who is kneeling in 
prayer, profile to the 1., with nimbus, looking up into the 
heaven where there is set a cross pattee. Behind him stands 
an executioner, with tunic and wallet, striking the Saint on 
the head with an uncertain weapon. In base, under a round- 
headed arch, with masonry at the sides, the Auditor kneeling 
to the 1. in adoration. Behind him a shield of arms : a lion 
rampant. Background diapered. 

S' RICA .... SSIT . . CAN ■ AV N ■ AVD' • 

SAC • PALACII AD CAVSAS. 



CHAMBERLAINS OF THE HOLY SEE, 
or DOMINI PAP/E CAMERARH. 



See OCTAVL\NUS EX COMITIBUS SiGNLE, etc. 
A.D. 1 198-1229, No. 22,096. 



PETER, Archdeacon of Sens, CJianiberlain of the Pope. 

22,167. [.^.D. 1267.] Plaster cast from an imperfect im- 
pression. About 2| X If in. when perfect, [cxxxvi. 22.] 

Pointed oval : St. Peter, turned slightly to the dex., three- 
quarters length, with keys and book ; with the inscription 
SOS P6TRVS on the sin. side. In base, under a trcfoiled arch 
with arcaded spandrils, the Chamberlain in profile to the 
sin., kneeling in adoration. 

. . GTRI • ARCHID' • S6NO CAM€ . . . 



^TIENNE ALDEBRANDI, Archbishop of Toulouse, 
D. N. Papic Caincrarius, A.D. 1350. 
See Vol. v., p. 223, No. 18,412. 



ECCLESIASTICAL OFFICES, ETC. 349 

LOUIS ALEMAN, Papal Cliamberlain. etc. A.D. 142 1. 
Sec\o\. v., p. 187. No. 18,293. 



5<'^ PETRUS DE ViNCENTIA. A.D. I489. No. 22,152. 



See Palutius Palutius, Cardinal, etc., Chambei-lain of the 
Holy Roman CluircJt. A.D. 1665. No. 22,148. 



PAPAL CHAPLAINS. 

PIERRE DE 'B'E.B.yiO'i^Ii, Abbot of Mojitaiiban. 
A.D. 1255-1267. 

SeeMol v., p. 301, No. 18,684. 



See Master Adam de Phileby. a.d. 1264. No. 22,193. 



Master NICHOLAS DE PLUMPTONA, Archdeacon of 

Norfolk. 

22,168. [a.d. 1260.] Plaster cast from a good impression. 
2 X i^i in. [civ. 51.] 

Pointed oval : St. John the Evangelist, standing full-face 
on a carved bracket, holding a chalice and wafer before his 
breast. Betw. two angels, issuing from the sides, with 
expanded wings, and swinging thuribles. Overhead, a remark- 
able treatment of the Blessed Trinity, a triple-faced head, 
cooped at the neck. 

* S' NICOL' D' PL LCHie. 

Beaded bordeis. 



BERNARD SAYSSETI, al SAXETI, Abbot of Pamiers. 

A.D. 1269. 

SceVo\. v., p. 311, No. 18,715. 



Magister RA.DULPHUS DE MERLAWE, Collector of the 
Tenth in the City and Diocese of London. 
22,169. [a.d. 1275.] Plaster cast, tinted green, from the 
original imperfect seal in possession of the Dean and Chapter 
of Westminster, i in. [cxi. 13.] 

Impression of an antique oval intaglio gem or precious 
stone engraved with the subject of a centaur in combat with one 
of the Lapitha-. 

MCRL .... 



350 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Magister REYMUNDUS DE NOGERIIS, ' Sedis 
Apostolic a: j\' unci us." 

22,170. [a.D. 1275.] Plaster cast, tinted green, from the 
original imperfect seal in possession of the Dean and Chapter 
of Westminster. 2^ X if in. [cxi. 4.] 

Pointed oval : the Chaplain, standing, full-face, holding a 
book before his breast with both hands, under a trefoiled arch 
with canopy of ecclesiastical architecture. 

Legend wanting. 

5i?^ Ardicio, Primicerius Mediolanl a.D. 1278. 
Nos. 22,176, 22,177. 



5^^ Bertrandus de Arnassano. A.D. 1402. No. 22,156. 



5^^ Johannes DE Oppiczis. a. d. 1423. Nos. 22,160-22,162. 



5^(? Laurentius DE Aretio. a.D. 1439. No. 22,163. 



5^^Antonius de Grassis. a.D. 1482. No. 22,164. 



MARTINUS WULFF, al. LUPI, Clericus Bremensis. Pnblicus 

Iinperiali aiutoritate Notarius, etc.. Auditor Rev. 

Patr. Pauli de Capisucchis, Utr. jfur. Doct., 

D. Papce Capellatti, etc. 

22,171. [a.D. 1526.] Red : very imperfect. About 2i in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 19,564.] 

A shield of arms : a bend, Capisucchi. Over the shield a 

half-length figure of the Virgin Mary with the Child on the r. 

arm. Background replenished with carved flowers and foliage. 

RO 

Beaded borders. 



CLERK OF THE APOSTOLIC CHAMBER. 

JACOBUS DARDANUS, Canonicus Tropiensis \TropcB in 

the Kiiigdoui of the Tivo Sici/ies], Licent. iii Legg., 

Apostolicce Camera: Clericus, EJusdcinque Sedis 

Nuncius in Auglia et Collector. 

22,172. [a.D. 1389.] Red: fine, edge chipped. I in. 
[Harl. ch. 84 F. 12.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend a lion passant bendwise. 
Within an elaborately carved and traced panel composed of 
two quatrefoils interlaced, the four lobes of that in cross 
being enriched with, pointed tips. 



ECCLESIASTICAL OFFICES, ETC. 35 1 

Legend betw. the points : — 

SIGIL' ■ lACOBI : DARDANI : APL'ICG : CAM' ; CL'IGI. 

Outer border beaded. 

22.173. Sulph. cast from No. 22,172. [D.C., F. 569.] 

22.174. [a.D. 1390.] Red: fine, imperfect. [Harl. ch. 
84 F. 13.] 

SIGILL' • lAG DARDAN CI. 



CHAPTER. 

" Prior ct Capitulmn sacrosaucta: basilica: beati Petri Principis 
Apostoloniin de Urbe." 

22,175. [a.D. 1304.] Sulph. casts from a good impression, 
chipped at the edge. 12th century matrix, [cxxxiii. 13, 14.] 

0. Pointed oval : St. Peter the Apostle, full-face, with 
nimbus, and embroidered vestments, holding his emblems, two 
keys, in the 1. h., the r. h. lifted up to the shoulder, holding a 
cross on a long foot. Seated on a benchlike throne, the seat 
studded with jewels, and ornamented with two finials ; his 
feet on a projecting footboard or platform. 

© . : CLAVIS HONOR ... LI .-. FVLGGT IMAGO RGTRl • 

Beaded borders. 

R. A small round counterseal. -S- in. diam. In a counter- 
sunk quatrefoil, a cross on a long foot, with graded base, 
above it the head of Our Lord, at the sides the heads of St. Paul 
and St. Peter, each with a nimbus. The stem of the cross 
betw. the sacred mystical letters A n- 

D'Arcq, No. 6276, where the imperfect word in the legend of the obv. 
is suggested to t)e honorabili, but improbable, as the metre of the 
pentmietcr line will not admit it. Perhaps PAVLI, as St. Paul is 
represented on the rev. 



PAPAL COLLECTORS. 

5^t' RaDULPIIUS DE MERLAWE. A.D. 1275. No. 22,169. 



Magister ARDICIO PRIMICERIUS MEDIOLANI, 

Papal Chaplain, Collector of the Ten tit. in England, 
Nuncins in Anglia. 

22,176. [A.D. 1278.] Plaster cast, tinted green, from the 
original seal in possession of the Dean and Chapter of West- 
minster, li X I in. [cxi. 21.] 

Pointed oval : the Martyrdom of St. Laurence who is 
extended on a rectangular gridiron over flames, with two 



352 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

executioners at his side, the one with a fire-prong, the other 
with a bellows. 

[* S' A3RDICI0NIS • PRIMIC6RII LA . . . 

22,177. [a.D. I28l] Plaster cast from an imperfect im- 
pression, [cxxxvi. 23.] 

S= S' . . . . lONI . . . RIMI \. 



BARTHOLOMEW DE FERENTINO {Frosinone), Canon 

of Lo7ido7i, Collector of a tenth " in subsidimn 

Romance Ecclesice." 

22,178. [a.D. 1302.] Plaster cast from the original seal in 
possession of the Dean and Chapter of Westminster. iJ- x-J-f in. 
[cxi. 27.] 

Pointed oval : Our Lord appearing after resurrection, to 
St Thomas the Apostle. In the field three quatrefoils. 
S' BAR OMI6 • De • FLORCIN. (0 

Beaded borders. 



5^^ CosMATUs Gentilio. a.D. 1387. No. 22,185. 



5^^ Jacobus Dardanus. a. d. 1389. No. 22,172. 



See Peter de Monte, a.d. 1439, 1440. Nos. 22,189, 22,190. 



COLLEGE OF ARCHIVISTS. 

The Collegium Archivii Romance Ciirice Scriptorum. 

22.179. [a.d. 1573.] Red: indistinct. 2^- in. App. to a 
document, from which it is now separated, by a coloured silk 
plait, and enclosed, before impression, in a brass box. [Add. 
MS. 6878, art. 3.] 

On an entablature ornamented with carved scrolls, a corbel 
or horizontal dividing line. In the upper part, are half-length 
figures full-face of St. Peter with key and nimbus on the 
dex. ; and of St. Paul with sword and nimbus on the sin. side. 
In the lower part, a rectangular tablet ornamented with 
carved scrolls. 

+ ARCHIVIVM ■ RO ■ CV OBT • EST • . . SCRIPTOR.C) 

Carved borders. 

22.180. Plaster cast from No. 22,179. [c-^- 99-] 



PAPAL COMMISSARY. 

6V<? Alexander de Hall v. a.d. 16S6. 

Vol. v., p. 183, No. 18,276. 



ECCLESIASTICAL OFFICES, ETC. 353 

THE CONCORDAT. 

22,181. [circ. A.D. 15 17.] Plaster cast from a brass matrix. 
3^ X 2i in. [cviii. 17.] 

Pointed oval : on a mount replenished with herbage, a 
cross fastened at the foot by wedges to the ground ; with the 
three nails of the Passion at the arms and feet, and with a 
label inscribed IN Rl at the head. Betw. two shields of arms : 
dex. Medici for Pope Leo X., ensigned with the triple tiara 
and set on the two keys of St. Peter, lying saltirewise ; sin. 
France, ensigned with a royal crown, for Francis I. of 
France. 

LEO • DECIMVS ■ PONTIFEX ■ MAXIMVS • ET • FRANCISCVS ■ 
PRIMVS • FRANCORVM • REX. 

Inner border beaded, outer border cabled. 

This seal appears to have been used in connection with, or 
in matters arising out of, the Concordat betw. Leo X. and 
Francis I. 

Tr/jor, pi. XV., fig. 2, 3. 



COUNT OF THE LATERAN PALACE, eU. 

FRANCISCUS BOFFI, Addas, Sacratissimce Cesarece 
Majestatis Ferdinandi HI., Romanorum Iniperatoris 

Augustissivii Consiliarius, Patriarchalis Aqtdliensis 

\Aquileia, in Loiibardy] EccUsicB Vicar ius Iviperialis, 

necnon Sacri Laterane^isis Palatij Ajclaqtie Ccesarece 

et Imperial is Consistorij Comes. 

22,182. [a.D. 1656.] Red. App. by a finely woven square 
bobbin of red silk strands, and enclosed in a turned wooden 
box. 2 in. [xxxvi. 240, cut from Add. MS. 18,727.] 

An ornamentally carved oval shield of arms : on a bend 
cotised a rose en soleil betw. two double fleurs-de-lis bend- 
wise, field diapr^ with arabesque foliage. Crests, on helmets 
with antique crowns and ornamental mantling, dex. a rose, as 
in the arms, sin. a double fleur-de-lis as in the arms. All 
ensigned with an ecclesiastical hat, the strings knotted and 
tasselled. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

FRANC : BOFFI : ABB : SAC ; C/tS • MA : CONSIL : 
ET : COM : PALAT. 
Carved border of cla.ssic foliage. 



CUBICULARIUS SECRETUS 
S. D. N. PAP^. 

See Angelus Buccanus. a.u. 1507. No. 22,191. 

VOL. VI. 2 A 



354 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 

DELEGATES OF THE APOSTOLIC SEE. 
Seal ad Caiisas. 

22,183. [17th cent.] Sulph. cast from the matrix. 4I x 
2J in. [D. C, H. 55.] 

Pointed oval : St. Peter, with the keys, his usual emblem, 
standing under a round-headed arch of the Renaissance style, 
with pilasters at the sides and tympanum or pediment of 
semicircular form carved with a winged cherub ; the design 
rests on a bracket or corbel studded with small mascles and 
nails, and ornamented with a geometrical pavement. At the 
sides two arabesques of wavy branches of foliage. 

: © : SiGILLVM : * : DELEGATORVM : * : * : SEDIS : * : 
APOSTOLICE : « : ad : * CAVSAS. 

The face of the matrix has been injured by striking it with 
a blunt tool, probably for purposes of cancelling it. 



LEGATES. 
See Odo de Castro Rodulphi, Cardinal, etc. 

A.D. I243-1273. No. 22,105. 

See Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of York, Legate de 

Latere, and of the Apostolic See. A.D. 1514-1530. 

Vol. L, p. 377, No. 2338. 

22,184. See a\so another example in Add. ch. 37,451, A.D. 
1527, for 152S, where the title in the document runs as 
follows : — " Thomas miseracione divina tituli sancte Cecilie 
sacrosancte Romane ecclesie presbiter cardinalis, Eboracensis 
Anglie Primas et Cancellarius, apostoliceque sedis non solum 
natus, sed etiam per vniversum Regnum Anglie et loca illi 
subiecta et adiacentia de Latere legatus, Dunelmensis Epis- 
copus, exemptique monasterii Sancti Albani Lincolniensis 
dioceseos Commendatarius perpetuus." 



See Willl\m de la Zouch, Archbishop of York, 

Legate of the Apostolic See. A.D. 1342-1352. 

Vol. L, p. 371, No. 2317. 



See Alexander Neville, Archbishop of York, 

Legate of the Apostolic See. A.D. 1 374-1 392. 

Vol. I., p. ^■^2, No. 2322. 



See John Kemp, Archbishop of York, Legate of 

the Apostolic See. A.D. 14261452. 

Vol. I., p. 375. No. 2331. 



ECCLESIASTICAL UEFICES, ETC. 355 

See William Booth, Archbishop of York, Legate 
of the Apostolic See. A.D. 145 2- 1 464. 
Vol. I., p. 375, No. 2333. 



See William Schivez, Archbishop of St. Andreiv's in 

Scotland, Legate of the Apostolic See. A.D. 1494. 

Vol. IV., pp. 53, 54, No. 14.937- 



See Jame.s Stuart, Archbishop of St. Andreiv's in 

Scotland, Legate of the Apostolic See. A.D. 1497-1503. 

Vol. IV., p. 54, Nos. 14,938, 14,939 I sncl 

pp. 662, 663, Nos. 17,242, 17,243. 



See T11OMA.S Savage, Archbishop of York, Legate 
of the Apostolic See. A. D. 1 50 1 - 1 507. 
Vol. I., p. 376, No. 2337. 



See Alexander Stuart, Archbishop of St. Andrew's 

in Scotland. A.D. 1509-15 13. " Sedis Apostolicce legatiis 

natus" Vol. IV., p. 55, Nos. 14,940, 14,942. 



See Andrew Forman, Archbishop of St. Andreiv's 

in Scotland. A.D. 1515-1522. 

Vol. IV., p. 56. Nos. 14,943-14,944. 



See James Beton, Archbishop of St. Andreiv's in 

Scotland. '' Apostolicce Sedis legatus natus" A.D. i 522-1 539. 

Vol. IV., pp. 56, 57, No. 14,945. 



See David Betoun, al. Beton, Cardinal Archbishop 

of St. Andreiv's in Scotland, " legatns natus." A.D. 1539-1546. 

Vol. IV., pp. 57, 58, Nos. 14,946-1 4.,948. 



See John Hamilton, Archbishop of St. Andreiv's in 

Scotland, " cum potestate a latere Sanctce Scdis 

Apostolicce legati." A.D. 1 548-1 571. 

Vol. IV., p. 58, Nos. 14,949, 14,950. 



NOTARY APOSTOLIC, or PAPAL NOTARY. 

LAURENTIUS, Apostolicce Scdis Notarius, 
Bishop Elect of Metz. a.d. 1272. 

See Vol. v., p. 9c6, No. 21,072. 

2 a 2 



)S6 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



MATHIEU DE NAPLES, Papal Notary. A.D. 1310. 
6V^Vol. v., p. 213, No. 18,380. 



APOSTOLIC NUNCIO. 

See Jacobus de Portu, Canon of Syracusa. 
A.D. 1 259-1 266, Nos. 22,340-22,346. 



See Reymundus de Nogeriis. A.D. 1275. No. 22,170. 



See Ardicio, Primicerius Mediolani. 
A.D. 1278, 1 28 1. Nos. 22,176, 22,177. 



See Gifredus de Vezano. a.d. 1285. 

Vol. v., p. 169, Nos. 18,220-18,222 ; and another, 

a.d. 1282. [cxxxvi. 59.] 



See Jacobus Dardanus. a.d. 1389. Nos. 22,172-22,174. 

See Peter de Monte, a.d. 1439, 1440. 
Nos. 22,189, 22,190. 



COSMATUS GENTILIO, Decrett. Docl., Sedis Apostolicm 
ct Canierce Nuncitis in Anglia et Collector. 

22.185. [a.d. 1387.] Red: very imperfect. About 14 X 
1 in. [Harl. ch. 84 F. u.] 

Pointed oval : St. Peter the Apostle, with tiara and keys, 
lifting up the r. h. in benediction. Seated, full-face, in a niche, 
with triple canopy, pinnacled and crocketed, ornamented with 
open tabernacle work resting on brackets at the sides. In 
base, under a round-headed arch, the Nuncio, in profile to the 
sin., in adoration ; betw. two shields of arms : on abend betw. 
two cotises, three mullets. 

.... wati . grnt . . . [n]bnrii aplict . . 

22.186. Sulph. cast from No. 22,185. [D- C, F. 142.] 



NUNTIUS ORDINARIUS 

Sedis Apostolicce cum facultatibus Legal i a latere. 

See Lucas Melciiior Tempi, Archbishop of A'icomcdia, etc. 
A.D. 1739. No, 22,373. 



ECCLESIASTICAL OFFICES, ETC. 357 

A Nuncio's Commissary. 

Magister MATHEUS DE DUNSTAPLIA, Vetierabilis 

riri Magisfri Rewuvndi DE NOGERIIS, Sed 

Apl. Nuncii commissarius. 

22,187. [a. D. 1274.] Dark-green: very imperfect. About 

in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 33,601.] 

An eagle displayed, on foliage. Legend wanting. 



PENITENTIARIUS MAJOR of (he Holy See. 

See Carlo Borromeo, Cardinal, etc. 
A.D. 1560. No. 22,147. 



PROCTOR IN THE PAPAL COURT. 
ANDREA SAPITI. 
22,188. [a.d. 133L] Plaster cast from a fragmentary im- 
pression. i| X I in. when perfect, [c.x.xi. 22.] 

Oval ; subject uncertain : a winged figure with a long cross, 
perhaps Michael the Archangel overthrowing Satan. In the 
field on the dex. side three similar but uncertain devices. 
€ • TLCR »(') 



PROTMONOTARY APOSTOLIC, etc. 

PETER DE MONTE, Prothonotarius Apostolicus, 

Utrinsqne juris artiumque doctor in regno A nglice, 

Collector generalis et Apostolicce sedis mtncius. 

22.189. [a.d. 1439.] Red : a fragment only of a large 
seal. [Stowe ch. 607.] 

Pointed oval : the body of a Saint, within Gothic tracery, 
alone remains. 
Legend wanting. 

Another Seal. 

22.190. [a.d. 1440.] Red : chipped, injured by pressure. 
i in. [Harl. ch. 79 C. 58.] 

A shield of arms : on a tertre or mount of three hillocks, a 
lion sejant. On foliage. Within a pointed quatrefoil panel. 

* S' • PCTRI [ D€ ■ M]ONTe ■ I • PROTONOTARII • APP'CL 



ALAMANUS ADIMARIUS, of Florence, Prolhonotary 

Apostolic, Bishop of Florence, A rchbisliop of Tarentum, 

and of Pisa, Presbyter Cardinal of S. Eusebius. 

A.D. 1410 ; ob. A.d. 1423. 



358 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 



Seal used by : — 

ANGELUS BUG C ANUS, S. D. N. Papce Cubiadarms 

Secret lis, ticcnoii Aulce Palatii Lateranetisis 

Comes Palatinus. 

22,191. [a.D. 1507.] Red: very imperfect. Enclosed in 

a turned wooden box, and app. by plaited hempen cords. 

I Jin. [Add. ch. 12,796.] 

A shield of ar.ms : two bends. Ensigned with an ecclesias- 
tical hat, strings beaded, knotted, and garnished with six 
tassels on each side. 

AMARU ■ ACELVYS • DE CRESCENTIIS ■ CtARD']. 

Beaded borders. 

Ciaconius, /. f., torn, ii., col. 799. 



PAPAL SCRIBE. 

Magister BERNARDUS DE PARMA, 

D. N. Papce Scriptor, Judex delegatus, etc. 

Il^^l. [.v.n. 1265.] Plaster cast from a fine impression. 
I in. [c.xxxvi. 45.] 

An unconventional portrait of Christ, after the style of 
a Roman emperor : a bust in profile to the r., the shoulders 
draped with classic folds caught up over the 1. shoulder with 
a fibula, the hair tied with a laurel wreath and fillet with 
strings hanging behind. 

© MICHI CRGDITe. 

For Jacobus de Portu, Commissary of the above, Canon 
f)f S\racuse, see Nos. 22,340-22,346. 



PAPAL SU15DEACON. 

Master ADAM DE PHILEBY, 

D. N. Papie Srtbdiacouits, etc. 

22,193. [a.D. 1264.] Plaster cast from an imperfect im- 
pression, the lower half wanting. About I J X I-^V in. when 
perfect, [cxxxvii. 99.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, with nimbus, half-length, 
holding the Child, also with nimbus, on the 1. arm. Before 
them, St. John Baptist with nimbus. Overhead, an estoile of 
eight points, for the Star of the P^ast. 

* S' • MAG e • CAP6LLI. 



S A V O Y 



SAVOY. 



AMADEUS v., Count of Savoy. 
Seal of A rms. 

22,194. [a.d. 1297.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
I| in. [cxxxii. 57.] 

A shield of arms : S.WOY, see next seal. Suspended by 
the strap from a fori<ed tree. Betw. four leopards' faces, two 
on each side. Within an elegantly carved six-foil panel, with 
cusps trefoiled, and small countersunk trefoil openings in the 
spandrils. 

* : SIGILLUM ; AMeOei : COMITIS : SABAVDIG : 

D'Arcq, No. 11,648, with description of a counterseal : two busts, 
encircled with oak branches, in a rosace of six lobes bearing circular 
shields of arms of Savoy, and legend : AMCDGVS. 



Equestrian Seal. 

22,194*. [.\.D. 1 303.] Sulph. cast from a good impression, 
3-L in. [cxxxii. 58.] 

0. To the r. In armour, with hauberk of mail, surcoat, 
helmet with fan-plume, .sword, and shield of arms, riding on a 
springing horse, armorially caparisoned and with fan-plume. 
The armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons are : a 
cross, Savoy. Within a trilobe or panel of three cusps. 

Legend bctw. the cusps : — 

AMeoeVS COMES__SABAVDie €T [MAR]_CHIO IN YTALIA. 

H. A smaller round counterseal. i+in. diam. A shield of 
arms : Savoy. Betw. three leopards' faces. Within a 
quadrilobe panel, with countersunk trefoiled openings in the 
spandrils. 

SIGILLVM ■ AM6D6I ■ COMITIS • SABAVDI6. 

D'Arcq, No. 1 1,649. 

AMADEUS, (';- AMEDEE VI., Count of Savoy, etc. 

22,195. [a.d. 1346.] Sulph. cast from an indistinct im- 
pression. ifVi'i- [cxxxii. 60.] 

A shield of arms, couche : S.WOY, sec No. 22,194*. Crest, on 
a helmet with volets, a vol, or pair of wings erect. Within a 
carved quatrefoil panel. Background diapered lozengy. 

Legend bctw. the points : — 

■ SIGILLVM ^ ii AM6Dei ft _ • COMITIS iS _ ■ SABAVDIG. 

D';\iC(i. No, I i/>5o. 



562 CATALOG UK (IF SEALS. 



AMADEUS, or AMEDEE VIII., Count of Savoy, Ditke 

of Challon and Aosta, Count of Geneva, Duke of Savoy, 

A.D. 1416 ; resigned, A.D. 1434; elected Pope as 

Felix \' ., a.d. 1437, etc. ; oh. a.d. 145 i. 

22,196. [a.d. 1410.] Sulph. casts from a chipped impres- 
sion. 3 J in. [cxxxii. 63.] 

(:). To the r. In armour, with hauberk, surcoat of arms, 
Helmet crested with a vol or pair of wings erect, sword 
cliained to the shoulders, and shield of arms ; riding on a 
springing horse armorially caparisoned. The armorial bear- 
ings of the coat, shield, and caparisons are : Savoy, see 
No. 22,194*. Background diapered with a lozengy pattern ; 
the interstitial spaces charged alternately with the cross of 
Savov and a cross crosslet. 

AMeOeUS : COMeS : SABAUD16 : DUX : [CHABLAISHI : 

Z : AUGUST6 : MARCHIO : IN : YTALIA : C0M6S : GeB€NNeN' ; 

PRINCePS : Z : IMPERIAL' : VICARIUS : GENERALIS. 

Carved border. 

H. A smaller round countcrseal. i^ in. diam. A shield of 
arms, coucht' : Savoy, as before. Crest, on a helmet, a vol or 
pair of wings erect. Betw. two knots, with a small cross over 
each. Within a carved and pointed quatrefoil panel, orna- 
mented on the inner edge. 

StgiUum * amrUfi » romitjo ♦ s.nlaiiflif ♦ 

D'.A.rcq, No. 11,656, with the wortl coiuitis in tlie leyend uf the coun- 
tery;eal, wrongly read diicis. 



Second Seal, as Duke of Savoy, etc. 

22,196*. [a.P. 1436.] Sulph. casts from an indistinct im- 
pression. 3} in. [cxxxii. 65, 66.] 

0. To the r. In armour, with hauberk, surcoat, mantle, 
heliuet crested as before, sword, and shield of arms ; riding oii 
a springing horse armorially caparisoned, on a mount replen- 
ished with foliage and flowers. The armorial bearings of the 
shield and caparisons are : S.wov as before, see No. 22,194*. 

amrDrus • t>u.v • fabautitr • riiablaiTii • z • attgitftr • 

p'nrcps • marriiio • in • italia • prtirmonratm • rt • 

grlirniif • ar imjii • bfav' • gial'. 

Carved borders. 

B. A smaller round countcrseal. i|in. diam. Similar to 
the foregoing coimterseal, but not from the saiuc matrix. 
Backgroimd replenislied w ith small crosses of .SaX'ov. 

S^igillmn : + : amrliri : + : Ducis : + : fabauflif : + ; 



SAVOY. 363 

LOUIS OF SAVOY, Prince of Piedmont, son of 

AmadeUS VIII., Duke of Savoy ; afterw. Duke, 

A.D. 1434; ob. A.D. 1465. 

22,197. [a.D. 1436.] Sulph. cast from a somewhat indis- 
tinct impression. IJ in. [cxxxii. 55.] 

A shield of arms, couc/u' : Savoy, see No. 22,194*. Crest 
helmet and ornamental mantling ; a demi-lion rampant, 
issuing. Background replenished with foliage. 

S' luSobtri • Df • fabauD • pncip • jtcDnnon . lo . . zr. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,658, with reading lOCU • it, explained as locum 
tenentis, at the end of the legend. 



PETER OF SAVOY, al. PETRUS DE SABAUDIA. 

22,198. [a.D. 1259.] Sulph. cast from an imperfect im- 
pression, li in. [cxxxii. 6j.\ 

A lion rampant, the tail curved inwards. 

* : S' : PSTRI : D6 : [SJABAVDIA : 

Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 1 1,645. 

22,198*. [a.D. 1268.] Brown: edge slightly broken. [Add. 

ch. 11,297.] 

* : S' : PeTRCI : D6 SABAVDIA. 



VENICE, 



VENICE. 



DOGES. 

Leaden Bui lie. 

PIETRO GRADONICO. A.D. 1289 131 1. 
" Dux I 'cnetic, Dalmatic atqite Croacid' 

22,199. [a.d. 1306.] Sulph. casts from a fine impression. 
i^ in. [cxxxiii. 29.] 

0. Two standing figures : on the sin. side St. Mark the 
Evangelist, Patron Saint of Venice, in a kind of niche or 
throne witli pearled foot and sides, but no canopy, with mitre, 
nimbus, and vestments, full-face ; in the r. h. an open book of 
his Gospel, in the 1. hand a lance-flag with three streamers, 
which he is delivering into the r. h. of the Doge, who is on 
the dcx. side, in profile to the si)i., but with full-face, shaped 
head-dress, robes and fur mantle. Over his head a pierced 
mullet, probably the tuft of the cap. Down the sin. side of 
the design is the inscription : — 

SC • MARCVW. 

The final .s lying down. 

On the dex. side : — • 

• P€- GRADONICO • DVX. 

R. An inscription in si.x lines, in Lombardic capital letters. 

■ PGTRVS • 

^RADONICO 

Dl : GRA VeN6 

Tie • DALMATI 

e • ATQ • CH^RO 

«> DVX e> 

Beaded borders. 

D'.Vrcq, No. 11,721. 



ANDREA DANDULO. A.D. 1343-1354. 
22,200. Leaden : fairly well preserved. i| in. [xcvii. 3.] 
0. Design similar to the foregoing on the obv. of the bulla 

of PlETRO GRADONICO, No. 22,199, but from a different 

matrix. _ 

SC : MARCVS . . . 
• ANDR ■ DADVLO DVX. 



368 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



R. An inscription in six lines in Lombardic capital 
letters : — 

ANDREAS 

^ DANDVLO 

Dl GRA VENeX 

le DALMATI6 

ATQ' CROAC 

•!■ DVX •:• 

Beaded borders. 

22,200*. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,200. [c.xxxi.x. 32, 11.] 



ANDREA CONTARENO. AD. 136S-1382. 

22.201. Leaden : good, sharp, but struck imperfect in the 
die, and now seriously corroded. About i-j-jt in. when perfect, 
[x.xxviii. 103.] 

0. Design similar to that on the obv. of the bulla of PlETRO 
GradonicO, No. 22,199, but from a different matri.x. 

The description of St. Mark, on the sin. side wanting. 
ANDR' • 9TAR6NO DVX. 

U. An inscription in five lines, in Lombardic capital 
letters : — 

ANDRGAS 

CONTAReNO 

Dei • GRA • DVX 

VeNCTIAR 

•:• 6T • c ■:• 
Beaded borders. 

22.202. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,201. [cxvi. 1, 2.] 

22.203. Another leaden bulla, patinated : indistinct, edge 
hammered, [.x.xxviii. 194.] 

0. ANDR 'STAReNO DVX. 

R. ANDR6AS, etc., as on the preceding rev., No. 22,201. 

22,203*. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,203. [cxxxi.x. 34, 35.] 



VENICE : — DOGES. 369 



ANTONIO VENIERO, al. VENERIUS. A.D. 13S2-1400. 

22.204. Leaden, patinated : edge hammered, corrosion 
beginning. About i^ in. [xxxviii. 124.] 

0. The Lion of St. Mark, viz., a lion couchant, guardant, 
winged, with nimbus. 

R. A shield of arms of the Venetian shape known as the 
testa di cavallo, being the piece of plate armour worn on the 
forehead of the war-horse : barry of six, for Venier. Betw. 
the initial letters : — D. A. {Dux Antoitius.) 

Coronelli, Blasone Venete, p. 4. 

22.205. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,204. [cxvi. 3, 4.] 



MICHAEL STENO. A.D. 14OO-1413. 

22.206. Leaden : originally fine, now much corroded, in 
parts perished. About if in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 195.] 

0. Design similar to that on the obv. of the bulla of PlETRO 
Gradonico, No. 22,197, but from a different matrix. The 
large ears or curls of hair on the Saint and the Doge are 

remarkable. 

• S • MARCVco. 
MICHAGL- SXeNO • DVX. 

R. An inscription in five lines : — 

MICHAet 

sxeNO D6I 

GRACIA DVX 

yeN6TiA7^ 

■^ 6T- C ^• 

22.207. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,206. [cxvi. 5, 6.] 



TOMAS MOCENIGO. A.D. 1413-1422. 

22,208. Leaden: fine originally, now indistinct. if in. 
[li. I.] 

0. Design similar to that of the obv. of the bullcB of pre- 
ceding Doges, but not from the same matrix. The details 
somewhat more elaborately worked ; nimbus of the Saint, 

VOL. VI. 2 B 



370 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

pearled ; vestments ornamented with crosses ; book with 
jewelled cover, the throne furnished with a rectangular dais 
or footboard ; the cap of the Doge and details of dress well 
shown. 

■ S ■ MARCVS ■ 
TOMAS ■ MOCENIGO • DVX. 

R. An inscription in five lines, in Lombardic capital letters, 
set betw. pairs of parallel lines. 

THOMAS 

MOC6NIGO 

Dei GRA DVX 

_V6NeTIA9^ 

•:• 6T ■ c •:• 



22,209. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and I'cv. of 
No. 22,208. [cxvi. 7, 8.] 



FRANCESCO FOSCARI, al. FUSCARI. A.D. 1423-1457. 

22,210. Leaden, corroded : very indistinct, edge ham- 
mered. About i^ in. when perfect, [xx.xviii. 104.] 

0. Design similar to that of the obv of bulla! of preceding 
Doges, but from a different matrix. 



^ S' • MARCVS • 
Fr"a • FOSCARI ■ DVX. 



H. An inscription in five lines, in Lombardic capital letters, 
set betw. pairs of parallel lines : — 



FRANCISC 

FVS^ARl 

D6I ■ G"RA • DVX 

VeNCTIA^ 

j-\. 

•;• eT • •:• 



Beaded borders. 



22,211. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,210. [cxvi. 9, 10.] 



PIETRO MOCENIGO. A.D. 1474-1476. 

lljIVii. Leaden : originally fine, now partly corroded, edge 
hammered, with a small piece of the bobbin, by which it was 



VENICE: — Dor.ES. 371 



app. to a deed, remaining. About 14 in. when perfect, 
[xxxviii. 105.] 

0. The figures of St. Mark the Evangelist, and the Doge, 
as in former bulla, are differently treated here. The Saint, 
with mitre, nimbus, and vestments, holding a book in the 1. h., 
is seated on a folding chair, the ends terminating in the heads 
and claws of animals ; the Doge with cap and robes, standing 
in profile to the sin., is receiving the lance flag or banner. 
Over the head of St. Mark, the initial letters s'. M. 
Legend : — 

VENETIAR. 

D 
PETRVS ■ MOCENIGV • V • 
X 

R. An inscription in five lines, in Roman capital letters : — 

PETRVS • MO 

CENIGO • DEI • 

GRATIA • DVX • 

VENETIAR 

• ET • C • 

22,213. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,212. [cxvi. II, 12.] 



AUGUSTINO BARBADIGO, or BARBERIGO. 

A.D. 1485-1501. 

22,214. [.\.D. 1499.] Sulph. casts from a fine impression. 
I-rs- in- [cxxxii. 47, 48.] 

0. On a platform St. Mark, with mitre, nimbus, and vest- 
ments, standing on the dex. side, in profile to the sin., deliver- 
ing the standard, as before, to the Doge, who is standing with 
cap and robes, before him. 

• S • M • VENETI • (arranged vertically). 

D 

■ •■• AVG • BARBADIGO • V 
X 

K. An in.scription in five lines : — 

AVGVSTINVS 

BARBADIGO • 

DEI • GRA ■ DVX 

VENETIAR 

• ET • C ■ 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,722. 



B 2 



372 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



LEONARDO LAUREDANO. A.D. 1501-1521. 

22.215. Leaden : fine, sharp, well preserved. Originally 
app. by a hempen cord to a document. If in. [xciv. 17.] 

0. On a platform St. Mark with mitre, jewelled nimbus, 
and vestments, standing on the dex., in profile to the sin. side, 
delivering the standard as before to the Doge, who is stand- 
ing with cap and robes before him. In the exergue, a small 
cross. 

S • M ■ VENET ■ (arranged vertically). 

D 

LEO ■ LAVRED V 
X 

R. An inscription in six lines : — 

LEO 

NARDVS 

LAVREDANVS 

DEI GRA DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET C 

Beaded borders. 

22.216. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,215. [cxvi. 13, 14.] 

22.217. Another, leaden : very fine, sharp. The border 
not quite completely impressed. Originally app. by a hempen 
cord to a document, [xcvii. 4.] 

0. S • M • VENET (arranged vertically). 

D 

LEO • LAVRED V 

X 

R. LEO 

NARDVS 

LAVREDANVS 

DEI GRA DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET C 

22.218. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,217. [cxxxix. 36, 37.] 

22.219. [a.d. 1513] Sulph. casts from a good impression, 
[cxxxii. 49, 50.] 

D'Arcq, No. 11,723. 

ANTONIO GRIMANI. A.D. 1521-1523. 

22.220. Leaden, pierced, corroded : indistinct. Originally 
app. by a hempen cord to a document. About if in. when 
perfect, [xl. 26.] 



VENICE :— DOGES. 373 



0. Similar in design to the odv. of the l>!///a of Leonardo 
Lauredano, the preceding Doge, but from a different 
matrix. In the exergue, a pellet in place of the cross. 
• S • M ■ VENET • (arranged vertically). 
ANT • GRIMAN. 
Ijt. An inscription in five lines : — 

ANTONIVS 

GRIMANVS 

DEI GRA DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET C 

Beaded borders. 

22,221. Copper electrotypes of the o6v. and rev. of 
No. 22,220. [cxvi. 15, 16.] 



ANDREA GRITI. A.D. 1528-1538. 

22.222. [a.D. 1538.] Sulph. casts from a good impression. 
I-} in. [cxxxii. 51, 52.] 

0. Resembles the design of the oh', of the bu//a of 
Antonio Grimani, the preceding Doge, but from a different 
matrix. 

• S • M • VENET ■ (arranged vertically). 
D 
AND' • GRITI ■ V 
X 
B. An inscription in eight lines : — 

AN 

DREAS 

GRITI 

DEI GRAGIA 

DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET 

C 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,724. 

22.223. Leaden, very much corroded : illegible for the 
most part, [xxxvi. 2II.] 

22.224. Copper electrotypes of the odv. and re2'. of 
No. 22,223. [cxvi. 17, 18.] 



374 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 

FRANCESCO DONATO. AD. 1 545-1 553- 

22.225. Leaden, very much corroded : indistinct, im- 
perfectly impressed. Originally app. by a hempen cord to a 
document. About i^ in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 106.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of the bitlla of 
AiNDREA Gkiti, the preceding Doge, but from a different 
matrix. 

■ S' ■ M ■ VENETVS • 
FRANC ■ DONATV. 

The word Dux here omitted. 
H. An inscription in six lines : — 

FRAN 

CISCVS 

DONATO 

DEI GRA DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET C 

Beaded borders. 

22.226. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,225. [cxvi. 19, 20.] 



MARC ANTONIO TRIVISANO. A.D. 1553, 1554. 

22.227. Leaden, bent, partially corroded. l-f in. [xxxviii. 
107.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of the bulla of 

Francesco Donato, the preceding Doge, but is not from 

the same matrix. 

• S • M ■ VENETI • (arranged vertically), 

D 

M • ANT • TRIVISANO V 

X 

H. An inscription in seven lines : — 

MARCVS 

ANTONIVS 

TRIVISANO 

DEI GRA DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET 

C 

Beaded borders. 

22.228. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,227. [c.Kvi. 21, 22.] 



VENICE : — DOGES. 375 



LORENZO PRIOLO. A.D. 5556-1559. 

22.229. Leaden, very much corroded : almost illegible. 
Originally app. to a document by a hempen cord. About 
ij in. [xxxviii. 108.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of the bulla of Marc 
Antonio Trivisano, the preceding Doge, and apparently 
from the same matrix with altered legend : — 

• S • M • VENETl • (arranged vertically). 

D 

LAVR • PRIOLVS • V 
X 

The design on the flag — a lion of St. Mark — very clearly 

shown in this example. 

R. An inscription in seven lines : — 

LAV 

RENTIVS 

PRIOLVS 

DEI GRA DVX 

VENETIAI5 

ET 

C 

Beaded borders. 

22.230. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rcii. of 
No. 22,229. . [cxvi. 23, 24.] 



HIERONIMO PRIOLO. A.D. 1559-1567. 

22.231. Leaden, corrosion beginning, patinated : fine. 
Oiiginally app. to a document by a plaited cord of brown 
silk. i| in. [xl. 27.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of the bulla of 
Lorenzo PrioL(j, the preceding Doge, but from a different 
matri.x. 

• S • M • VENETT * {arranged vertically). 

D 
HIER ■ PRIOLVS V 
. X 

R. .\n inscription in seven lines : — 

HIE 

RONIMVS 

PRIOLVS 

DEI GRA DVX 

VENETIAfik 

ET 

C 

Beaded borders. 

22.232, Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,231. [cxvi. 25, 26.] 



37^ CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Anotlter type. 

11,1^^. Leaden, patinated : fine. Originally app. by a 
plaited cord to a document. \\ in. [xlviii. 55.] 

0. Resembles that of the previous type, and apparently 
from the same matrix. 

R. The inscription as before, but the relative positions 
of many of the letters show that this is from a different 
matrix. 

Beaded borders. 

22,234. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rei'. of 
No. 22,233. [cxvi. 27, 28.] 



PIETRO LAUREDANO. .\.D. 1567- 1570. 

'2,'2i,'2iZ^. Leaden, very much corroded : illegible for the 
most part, if in. [xxxviii. 196.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of preceding btilla, 
with legend altered. 

■ S ■ M ■ VENETl • (arranged vertically). 

D 
PET • LAVREDANO ■ V 
X 
R. An inscription in six lines : — 

PETRVS 

LAVREDANO 

DEI GRA DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET 

C 

Beaded borders. 

22,236. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rei'. of 
No. 22,235. [cxvi. 29, 30.] 



ALUISE MOCENIGO. A.D. 1 570-1 577. 

22,237. Leaden, very much corroded : not completely 
impressed, or the margin clipped, illegible in places. About 
If in. when perfect, [.xxxviii. 109.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of the preceding bitUa, 
but of a different t)-pe. The nimbus of St. Mark composed 
of si.xfoil roses: the legend altered. 



MOCEN 



VENICE : — DOGES. m 



H. An inscription in five lines : — 

[a3loysivs 

[m:ocenigo 

cdjei • gra • dvx 

[vjenetiar 

[E]T * C 
The roses in allusion to the armorial bearings of MOCENIGO : 
coupe, two four-leaved roses. 
Beaded borders. 

22,238. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,237. [cxvi. 31, 32.] 



NICCOLO DE PONTE. A.D. 1 578-1 585. 

22.239. [A.D. 1578.] Leaden: fine, sharp. Originally 
app. to a document by a hempen cord, if in. [xcvii. 5.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of preceding bulla;, 
but from a different matrix. 

■ S • M ■ VENET • (arranged vertically). 
• NIC • DE PONTE. 
R. An inscription in seven lines : — 

NICO 

LAVS • DE 

PONTE • DEI 

• GRA • DVX ■ 

VENETIAN 

» ET Ss 

C 

Beaded borders. 

22.240. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,239. [cxxxix. 38, 39.] 



Another type. 

22.241. Leaden, very much corroded, swollen : for the 
most part illegible. Originally app. to a document by a 
hempen cord, [xxxviii. 1 10.] 

The designs and legends resemble those of obv. of the 
previous bullce, but from a different matrix, and the relative 
position of the letters of the legends not the same. 

22.242. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,241, before the corrosion became so complete, [cxvi. 
33. 34] 



378 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



PASQUALE CICONIA. A.D. 1585-1594. 

22,243. Leaden, very much oxidised, swollen : cracked, 
almost illecjiblc. About l| in. when perfect, [x.xxviii. iii.] 

0. Design resembles that of the olw. of previous bullce, but 
from a different matri.x. 

■ S ■ M • VENET. (arranged vertically.) 

D 

PASC • CICONIA ■ V 



H. An inscription in seven lines :- 



X 



Beaded borders. 



PASCA 

LIS • CICO 

NIA * DEI ® 

* GRA * DVX i 

VENETIAR 

* ET * 

* C * 



22,244. Copper electrotypes of the ohz'. and rei'. of 
No. 22,243, when the impression was in better condition, 
[cxvi. 39, 40.] 



Attother type. 

22.245. Leaden : well preserved. Originally app. to a 
document by a hempen cord. 14 in. [xcvii. 6.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of previous bailee, but 
from a different matrix. Four buttons on the Doge's vest. 
• S • M • VENET * (arranged vertically). 

D 
PASO • CICONIA V 
X 
R. An inscription in seven lines : — 

* PASCALIS • 
« CICONIA * 

* DEI • GRA * 

« DVX * 

VENETIAR 

* ET * 

* C * 

Beaded borders. 

22.246. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,245. [cxxxix. 40, 41.] 



Another type. 

22,247. [a.D. 1 591] Leaden, very much corroded 
illegible. App. by a hempen cord. [Harl. ch. 43 A. 52.] 



VENICE : — DOGES. 379 



Designs resemble the preceding, but the relative distances 
and sizes of some of the details and letters do not correspond. 
Doge's vest without buttons. 

22,248. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,247. [cxvi. 35, 36.] 



Another type. 

22.249. [a.D. 1592.] Leaden, corroded: very indistinct. 
App. by a hempen cord to a document, ij in. [Add. ch. 
12,825.] 

Designs resemble the preceding, but with differences in 
the proportion and position of details and letters. Twelve 
buttons on the vest of the Doge. 

22.250. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,247. [cxvi. 17, 38.] 



MARINO GRIMANI. A.D. 1594-1605. 

22.251. [a.D. 1598.] Leaden, very much oxidised, corroded, 
swollen : cracked. App. by a hempen cord. [Harl ch. 43 

A. 53-] 

p. Resembles in design, the obv. of the preceding bulla;, 
but from a different matrix. 

• S ■ M • VENET * (arranged vertically). 

D 

MARIN • GRIM ■ V 
X 
It. An inscription in seven lines : — - 

MARINVS 

GRIMANO 

* DEI * GRA « 

« DVX * 

VENETIAR 

* ET * 

* C * 

Ikadcd borders. 

22.252. Cojjper electrotypes of the obv. and rev, of 
No, 22,251. [cxvi. 41, 42.] 



Another type. 

22,253. Leaden : good, imperfectly impressed, indistinct 
in parts. Originally app. by a hempen cord to a document, 
li in. [xcvii. 7.] 



380 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Designs correspond to those of the previous bulla, but not 
from the same matrix. 

22.254. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,253. [cx.xxi.x. 43, 44.] 

22.255. Another leaden bulla of this type, very much 
corroded, burst with oxidisation. Originally app. by a 
hempen cord to a document, [xxxviii. 113.] 

22.256. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,255. [cxvi. 45, 46.] 



A no I her type. 

22.257. Leaden, light-coloured patination : good, indistinct 
in parts. Originally app. to a document by a hempen cord. 
If in. [xliii. 180.] 

Designs correspond to those of the previous bulla;, but not 
from the same matrix. 

22.258. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,257. [cxvi. 47, 48.] 



Another type. 

22.259. Leaden, very much corroded : for the most part 
illegible, pierced in the centre. App. by a hempen cord. 
I| in. [xx.xviii. 1 12.] 

Designs similar to those preceding, but from a different 
matrix, and proportions of details and letters not wholly 
corresponding. No mark of abbreviation over GRA in rei<. 

22.260. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and ;-«'. of 
No. 22,259. [cxvi. 43, 44.] 

22.261. Leaden, completely oxidised and corroded, swollen : 
cracked. It is difficult to determine to which of the types 
this impression belongs, [xxxvi. 212.] 



LEONARDO DONATO. A.D. 1605-1613. 

22,262. Leaden, much o.xidised : indistinct in places. 
Originally app. by a hempen cord to a docnment. if in. 
[xxxviii. 114.] 



VENICE :— DOGES. 381 



0. Design nearly similar to that of the obv. of previous 
bullce, but from a different matrix. 

• S • M ■ VCENET] (arranged vertically). 

D 
• LEON • DONA ■ V 
X 
R. Inscription in six lines : — 

ft tts iS 

LEONARDVS 

« DONATO * 

DEI • GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR 

« er « 

« C ® 
Beaded borders. 

22.263. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,262. [cxvi. 49, 50.] 

22.264. Leaden : good, injured in places by pressure, 
[xcvii. 8.] 

22.265. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rez>. of 
No. 22,264. [cxxxix. 44, 45.] 



MARC ANTONIO MEMO. A.D. 1613-1615. 

22.266. [A.D. 1614.] Leaden, partly corroded : indistinct, 
injured by pressure. App. by a hempen cord, if in. [Add. 
ch. 12,824.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of previous bulla:, but 
from a different matrix. 

• S • M ■ VENET • (arranged vertically). 

D 
M . . . AN . . . V 
X 
R. An inscription in five lines : — 

a ® » 

MARCVS ANT 

JS MEMO Ks 

DEI GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR 

« Em c * 
Beaded borders. 

22.267. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,266. [cxvi. 51, 52.] 



382 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



JOHANNES CORNELIUS, al. GIOVANNI CORNELIO, 
al. CORNARO. ad. 1625-1630. 

22.268. Leaden, very much corroded, partly swollen : 
illegible. About if in. when perefct. [xxxviii. 116.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obi', of preceding bulla, but 
from a different matrix. 

[• S • M ■] VENETVS • (arranged vertically). 

D 
... AN ■ CORNEL ■ V 
X 
R. An inscription in five lines : — 

IO[AN]NES 

CORNELIVS 

DEI GRA ■ DVX 

VENETIAR 

» ET • C • » 

S3 ® JS 

22.269. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,268. [cxvi. 55, 56.] 



Anot/ier type. 

22.270. Leaden, completely oxidised and cracked with 
corrosion : imperfectly impressed. About if in. when perfect, 
[xxxviii. 115.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of previous b/ilhe, but 

not from the same matrix. The inscriptions can only be 

read as 

TD] 

. . . ORNE . . V 

X 

Ss 
R. An inscription in five lines : — 

. . OANN . . . 

. . ORNERIO 

. . El • GRA • DVX 

. . NETIAR 

. . . T » C !» 

m 
[Beaded borders]. 

22.271. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,270. [cxvi. 53, 54] 



FRANCESCO ERIZZO. A.D. 1631-1646. 

22,272. Leaden : somewhat indistinct. Originally app. by 
hempen cords. I| in. [xcvii. 9.] 



VENICE : — DOGES. 383 



0. Design resembles that of the obv. of preceding bulli£, 
but not from the sarne matrix. 

• S • M ■ VENET ■ (arranged vertically). 

D 
FRANC • ERIZZO ■ V 
[XI 
R. An inscription in five Hnes : — 

» * Ks 

FRANCISCVS 

ERIZZO 

DEI GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR • 

» ET ■ C » 

K! * JS 

Beaded borders. 

22.273. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and I'ev. of 
No. 22,272. [cxxxix. 46, 47.] 

22.274. Leaden, very much corroded, swollen, cracked 
with oxidisation. Originally app. to a document by a hempen 
cord, [xxxviii. 117.] 

22.275. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,274 before the corrosion was so extensive, [cxvi. 
57. 5S.] 



FRANCESCO MOLING. A.D. 1646-1655. 

22.276. Leaden, very much corroded, swollen, cracked. 
About 1 1 in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 118.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of preceding bailee, 
but from a different matrix. 

• S ■ M ■ VENET. 

D 

■ FRANC ■ MOLINO V 

X 

li. An inscription in five lines : — 

« * « 
FRANCI.SCVCS] 

MOLINO 

DEI GRA DVX 

» ET ■ C Ss 

» ® Ss 

Beaded borders. 

22.277. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and i-ev. of 
No. 22,276. [cxvi. 59, 60] 



384 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Another type. 

22.278. Leaden, corroded: indistinct. Originally app. to 
a document by hempen cords. About l-f in. when perfect, 
[xl. 28.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of preceding bulliz. 

B. The inscription similar to that on the rev. of the other 
type, No. 22,276, but the relative position of the letters does 
not wholly correspond. 

» * sa 

FRANCISCVS 
■ MOLING 

DEI GRA DVX 
VENETIAR 
S! ET ■ C W 

!S * sa 
Beaded borders. 

22.279. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,278. [cxvi. 61, 62.] 



CAROLUS CONTARENO. A.D. 1655, 1656. 

22.280. Leaden, wholly corroded : illegible. About i| in. 
when perfect, [xxxiv. 48.] 

For description see next No. 22,281. 

22.281. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,280, before the corrosion was so far advanced, [cxvi. 

63, 64.] 

0. Resembles the design of the obv. of preceding bull<£, 
as far as may be ascertained from the indistinct condition of 
the impression. 

• S • M • VENET (arranged vertically). 
D 









C 


AROL ■ CONT • V 


(?) 










X 




R. 
Be 


An 
adec 


inscription 
1 borders. 


m 


five lines : — 

S! * » 

CAROLVS 

CONTARENO 

DEI GRA DVX 

VENETIAR 

Ss ET • C la 

» * JS 





VENICE: — DOGES. 385 



GIOVANNI PISAURO. ad. 1658, 1659. 

22.282. Leaden : fine, sharp, but not quite perfectly im- 
pressed. Originally app. to a document by a hempen cord. 
If in. [xcvii. 10.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of preceding bullce, 
but from a different matrix. 

• S • M ■ VENET ■ (arranged vertically). 

D 

PISAVRO V 

X 
li. An inscription in five lines : — 

sa * S£ 

lOANNES 

PISAVRO 

DEI GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR ■ 

» ET • Ss 

» * IS 

22.283. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,282. [cxxxix. 48, 49.] 



DOMINICO CONTARENO. A.D. 1659-1675. 

22.284. Leaden, corrosion commencing : fairly well pre- 
served. Originally app. to a document by a hempen cord. 
About i-f in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 1 19.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of former biilhe, but 
from a different matrix. 

• S • M • VENET (arranged vertically). 

D 
DOMIN . GONT ■ V 
X 
H. An inscrij)tion of five lines: — 

JS * » 

DOMINICVS • 

■ CONTARENO 

DEI GRA ■ DVX 

VENETIAR 

« ET • C W 

5» « « 

Beaded borders. 

22.285. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,284. [c-Kvi. 6-j, 68.] 



vol.. VI. 



386 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Another type. 

22.286. [a.D. 1664.] Leaden: fine, but not quite perfectly 
struck. App. by a woven bobbin of tawny j'ellow silk. 
About i-jij- in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,248.] 

0. Resembles the design of the obv. of former bullce, but 
from a different matri.x. 

■ S • M • VENET • (arranged vertically). 

D 
. . . CON ... V 
X 
R. An inscription in five lines : — 

» * ss 

DOMINICVS 

CONTARENO 

DEI GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR 

. . ET ■ C . . 

Beaded borders. 

22.287. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and 7-ev. of 
No. 22,286. [cxvi. 65, 66?\ 



ALUISE CONTARENO. A.D. 1676-1684. 

22.288. Leaden, very much corroded, swollen, cracked : 
imperfectly impressed. Originally app. to a document by 
hempen cords. About i-a- in. when perfect, [.xx.xviii. 120.] 

0. Appears to resemble in design the obiK of previous 
bullcB. 

• S ■ M • VENE • (arranged vertically). 
.... N ... . 
H. An inscription in five lines : — 
. . OYSIVS 

. . NTARENO 

. . 1 • GRA • DVX 

. . ENETIAR 

. . TO * 

Beaded borders. 

22.289. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,288. [cxvi. 69, 70.] 



Another type. 
22,290. [a.D. 1680.] Leaden, very much oxidised, cracked, 
bent : obv. almost wholly perished. [Add. MS. 11,311 A.] 



VENICE : — DOGES. 387 



The letters in the inscription of the rev. appear to be some- 
what smaller than in the former type. 

* * * 

ALOYSIVS 

CONTARENO 

DEI GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR 
* ET • C * 
* ® « 

Beaded borders. 

22.291. Copper electrotypes of the ohv. and 7-ev. of 
No. 22,290. [cxxxix. 50, 51.] 

22.292. Copper electrotype of the rev. only, of No. 22,290. 
[cxvi. 71.] 



FRANCESCO MAUROCENO, al. MOROSINI. 

A.D. 1 688- 1 694. 

22.293. [a.D. 1691.] Leaden : fairly good, but badly im- 
pressed. App. by a tawny yellow silk bobbin. If in. [Add 
MS. 11,415.] 

0. Design resembles that of the ohv. of previous bullce. .A 
nimbus of seven estoiles of six points each, round the head ol 
the Saint. A cinquefoil and other devices in the exergue. 

• S ■ M ■ VENET ■ (arranged vertically). 

D 

. . RAN V 

X 

K. An inscription of five lines : — 

« * * 

FRANCISC 

MAVROCEiNVS 

DEI GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET • C 

Beaded borders. 

22.294. Copper electrotypes of the ohv. and rev. uf 
No. 22,293. [cxvi. 72, 73.] 



SILVESTRO VALERIC. [a.D. 1694-1700.] 

22,295. Leaden, light-coloured patina, corrosion beginning. 
Originally app. to a document by a red bobbin. About i| in. 
when perfect, [xcvii. 11.] 

2 C 2 



388 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



0. Design resembles that of the obv. of preceding bullae, 
but not from the same matrix. 

• S • M (arranged vertically). 

D 

. . LVES • VALERIO V 
X 
B. An inscription in seven lines : — 

* i& * 

SILVESTR . . 

VALERIO 

DEI • GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR • 

* ET * C * 

* 

Beaded borders. 

22,296. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,295. [cxxxix. 52, 53.] 



Another type. 

'2i'2,,1'^1. Leaden, corroded : clipped or imperfectly im- 
pressed, very indistinct, [xxxviii. I2l] 

The position of the letters on the rev. different from that of 
the other types. 

silves .". . 

VALERIO 

DEI • GRA ■ DV . . 

VENETIA . . 

. . T . . 

22,298. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,297. [cxvi. 74, 75.] 



ALUISE PISANI. A.D. 1735-174L 

22,299. Leaden: edges hammered, or not perfectly ini- 
pressed. About if in. when perfect, [li. 9.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of the preceding bull(£, 
but from a different matrix. The r. h. of the Saint uplifted 
in the act of benediction. 

■ S • M ■ [VENEJT • (arranged vertically). 

D 

.... PISANI V 
X 



VENICE : — DOGES. 389 



li. An inscription of five lines : — 



. . LOYSIVS 

PISANI 

DEI • GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR 

W ET » C Ss 



22,300. Copper electrotypes from the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,299. [cxvi. 76, •]■]?[ 



PIETRO GRIMANI. A.D. 1741-1752. 

22.301. [a.d. 1743.] Leaden: well preserved, but not 
quite perfectly impressed. App. by a tawny yellow silken 
bobbin. About if in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,922.] 

0. Resembles the design of the obv. of preceding bjillce. 
The nimbus of the Saint consists of twelve estoilcs of six 
points each, and his r. h. is uplifted in the act of benediction. 

S • M • VENET Ss (arranged vertically). 
P[E]TRVS » GRIMANI !» 
U. An inscriiDtion in five lines : — 

* * * 

PETRVS 

GRIMANI 

DEI • GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR l» 

ET » S! 

Beaded borders. 

22.302. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rci'. of 
No. 22,301. [cxvi. 78, 79.] 



Another type. 

22,303. [a.d. 1749.] Leaden: imperfectly impressed. 
App. b)' a tawny yellow silken bobbin. About if in. when 
perfect. [Add. ch. 7904.] 

0. Resembles the design of the obv. of the previous type, 
but from a different matri.x. 



S • M ■ VE 



■ X 



39° CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

B. An inscription in five lines : — 

[PJETRVS 

GRIMANI 
DEI • GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET 6 C ii 
With an indistinct device above and below. 

22,304. Copper electrotypes of the obz'. and rev. of 
No. 22,303. [cxvi. 80, 81.] 



FRANCESCO LAUREDANO. a.d. 1752. 

22,305. Leaden : fine, well preserved in most parts. 

Originally app. to a document by a hank of crimson floss silk. 

]| in. [xlviii. 56.] 

0. Design resembles that of the ohi\ of preceding bulUe. 

Nimbus of the Saint composed of twelve est.oiles ; the r. h. 

uplifted in the act of benediction. The standard is a long 

cross. 

S • M • VENET » (arranged vertically). 

D 
FRANC ■ LAVREDANO ■ V 



X 



E- An inscription in five lines: — 



^ !^ ^ 

FRANGISGVS 

LAVREDANO 

DEI * GRA « DVX 

VENETIAR ■ 

ET « C * 



Beaded borders. 



22,306. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and re'cK of 
No. 22,305. [cxvi. 82, %i?^ 



MARCUS FUSCARENUS, al. FOSCARENUS. 

ob. A.D. 1763. 
22,307. [a.d. 1762.] Leaden: injured in places. App. by 
a woven bobbin of crimson silk, if in. [Add. ch. 29,257.] 

0. Resembles in design the obv. of the preceding bulla. 
No. 22,305. 

S • M ■ VENET (arranged vertically). 

D 

M » FOS VS W V 

X 

» 



VENICE: — DOGES. 39 1 



R. An inscription in five lines : — 

* * * 

MARCVS 

FOSCARENVS 

DEI « GRA * DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET C « 

Beaded borders. 

22,308. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,307. [cxxxix. 54, 55.] 



PAOLO RINIERO, al. RAINERIUS. A.D. 1779-17S9. 

22.309. Leaden, wholly corroded, swollen : illegible. 
Originally app. by strands of crimson silk. About i| in. 
when perfect, [xxxviii. 122.] 

0. Design resembles that of the obv. of the preceding btdla, 
No. 22,397, but from a different matrix. 

S • M • VENET. 
D 
PAVL • RAINERIVS V 
X 

B. An inscription in five curved lines : — 

* (.7 coronet) * 

is PAULUS a 

RAINERIUS 

DEI ■ GRA • DVX 

VENETIAR 

ET @ C ■& 

Beaded borders, with an inner circlet or annuUi.s. 

22.310. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,309. [cxvi. 84, 85.] 

22.311. [A.D. 1784.] Leaden : fine, but not perfectly im- 
pressed. App. by a hempen cord. [Add. ch. 2)7<^^7 = 
xcvii. 12.] 

D 
V 
X 

\\.. * {A coronet) * 

ir PAULUCS ft] 

RAINERIUCS] 

DEI • GRA • DVLXJ 

VENETIAR 

ET * C <3 



0. 



392 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

22,312. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,311. [cxxxix. 56, 57.] 



LUDOVICO MANINO. AD. 1789-1797. 

22,313. Leaden, wholly oxidised, cracked in two pieces : 
illegible. About if in. when perfect, [xxxviii. 123.] 

0. Resembles the design of the obv. of preceding biilhe, as 
far as may be ascertained. 



Legends wanting 



V 
X 



R. An inscription in five lines : — 
. . OVIC . . 

MANIN . . 

. . 1 GRA • DV . . 

VENETIAR • 

. . T • C. 

At the foot of the inscription, a floral ornament. 
Beaded borders. 

22,314. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and vd'. of 
No. 22,213. Tcxvi. 86, 87.] 



ITALY. 

{CoHtiiitccd from p. 358.) 



ITALY. 



ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 



BISHOPS OF /EMONIA, or CITTA NUOVA, in Isiria. 
{Enionienses Episcopi.) 

EGIDIUS. A.D. i279-r/;r. 1283. 

22,315. [a.D. 1283.] Green : very imperfect, indistinct. 
About I-;- X If in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 16,302.] 

Pointea oval : the Bishop, standing full-face, with mitre 
and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction, 
in the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff, the curve turned 
inwards. 

,_ S' • 6GIDII • [DGI • G3RA • €PI • eMON 

Beaded borders. 



Dom. MARINUS MICHELI. A.D. 1366-1374. 

22,316. [a.D. I ^67:] Red : very imperfect. About 
2| X l| in. Embedded in a mass of self-coloured wax. 
App. by a green silk tape. About 3f X 2 in. when perfect. 
[Add. ch. 8478.] 

Pointed oval : remains o'i fa(^ade of an ecclesiastical edifice. 
In the upper part, on a small niche with canopy and side 
pinnacles, a half-length figure of the Virgin Mary, with 
nimbus, and the Child, with cruciferous nimbus, on the 1. arm. 
In the central part, in a niche of two arches, with open work 
at the sides, two saints, standing, full-face, each with nimbus, 
emblems broken off. In base, the Bishop, with mitre and 
crozier, kneeling in profile to the dcx., betw. two similar shields 
of arms : barruly, twelve besants, for MiCHELl. 

© s' M .... [Mi:cHAeL' • Dei • gra • epi on . . 

Beaded borders. 



39^ CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



BISHOP OF ALBANO, one of the " Episcopatus 
S7tb?irbica}'ii et Cardiiiaiitii." 

RAOUL DE CHEVRliJRES, a/. DE GROSPARMI, 

DE PIRIS, and DE PERIERS, A.D. 1261 ; formerly Bishop 

of Evreiix, A.D. 1259 ; Legate to Sicily and France, 

A.D. 1264; ob. A.D. 1270. 

22,317. [a.d. 1269.] Sulph. cast from a good impression, 
a little chipped at the edge. 2 X i| in. [cxxxiii. 17.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing on a platform, full-face, 
with mitre and vestments, holding up the r. h. in the act of 
benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff, the curve 
turned outwards. On each side a fleur-de-lis, probably in 
allusion to the arms of EVREUX. 

®> S' : RADVLPHI : DGI : GRA : GPI : ALBANeN". 

Beaded borders. 
U'Arcq, No. 6255. 



CANON. 

JOSEPH GRASSELLUS, 5. T. D. 

22,318. [17th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. i| X i in. [c.xxx. 13.] 

Oval : an ornamentally carved oval shield of arms : on a 
tertre an olive tree, debruised by a fess or bar per fess wavy, 
thereon two doves respectant, pecking the leaves, in chief an 
cstoile of six points. Above the shield, a wreathed helmet, 
without crest. 

IDS • GRASSELLVS ■ S • T • D • CAN ■ ALBANEN. 

Beaded border. 



BISHOP OF BISACCIA, in Italy. 
{Bisaciensis Episcopus) 

RICARDUS. 

22,319. [a.d. i3St!.] Red: very imperfect. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About i|^ X 
i\ in. [Add.ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary crowned, seated on a 
throne, holding the Child on the r, arm. In a niche with 
architectural canopy and tabernacle work at the sides. 

Legend wanting. 



ITALY: — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 397 

BISHOP OF BISIGNANO {Bisignianum) in Calabria. 
JACOBUS CURIALIS DE SABLUNO. A.D. 1389. 

22,320. Cast in plaster, tinted red, from tlie matrix or 
from a fine impression. 2^- X If in. [xliii. 172.] 

Pointed oval : an architectural facade of three storeys. In 
the upper niche with trefoiled arch, canopy, and tabernacle 
work at the sides, a conventional representation of the 
Blessed Trinity. In the centre, under a trefoiled arch, the 
Virgin Mary, with nimbus, seated on a bench-like throne, 
with the Child, also with nimbus, on the 1. knee, betw. 
standing figures of St. James, eponymic patron of the owner 
of the seal, with nimbus, wallet, and pilgrim's staff, on the 
dex., and a Saint with nimbus, palm branch, and book, on the 
sin. side. In the base, in a square-headed niche, the Bishop, 
with mitre and vestments, kneeling in adoration : betw. two 
similar shields of arms : a bend bretessee counier-breiesstfe. 
The inner edges of the architectural work ornamented with 
small quatrefoils. 

S' DRi lACOBl CURIALIS D' SABL'NO D6I GRACIA 
€PI BISIGNIANGNSIS. 



DIOCESE OF BOLOGNA {Boiwnia), in Italy. 
Seal of the Cathedral Chapter of St. Peter. 

22,321. [15th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wa.x from the brass matri.x preserved in the Dcpt. of British 
and Mediaeval Antiquities. 2|- x \% in. [.x.kxv. 214.] 

Pointed oval : St. Peter, Patron of the See, with tiara and 
robes, in the r. h. two keys, in the 1. h. a book : seated on a 
bench in a niche with trefoiled arch ornamented with a 
canopy of three embattled towers each topped with a cross, and 
with a pinnacled turret at each side. Background replenished 
with thirteen stars of five points. In the base a shield of 
arms : a lion rampant. Betw. two trefoils. 

* SIGILLVM SANTI • * • PETRI ePISCOPATVS 
BONONI6NSIS JiirftsiftiijSsiSiii. 

Beaded borders. 

There appears to be a flaw in the matri.x before the last 
word of the legend. 



ARCHPRIEST AND CANON. 

5^^ AntoniuS DE Grassis, Auditor Causaniin, etc. 
No. 22,164. -^-D- 1482. 



398 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

CANON. 
JOHANNES DE HERSELA. 

22,322. [13th cent.] Plaster cast, tinted grey, from a 
good impression. 2 X ll in. [xliii. 29.] 

Shield-shaped : a shield of arms : diapre, (in each interstice 
a roundle or rose betw. four small pellets), a chevron. 

C- S' IGH'IS ■ De ■ HGRSeLA • CAN ■ BONeS'. 
A fine e.xample of early Italian heraldr}-. 



BISHOP OF CAORLE, in Italy. 
[Capndantis Episcopiis.) 

Fr. THEOBALD, Ord. S. Franc. 

22,323. [a.D. 1367.] Red: imperfect, much injured. 
2\ X iv ill- Embedded in a boat-shaped mass of self- 
coloured wax. About 31 X 2 in. [Add. ch. 8478.] 

Pointed oval : a large niche with trefoiled arch and canopy 
of ecclesiastical architecture consisting of three towers with 
pointed spires ; containing figures of two Saints, standing, 
full-face, with nimbus, the emblems indistinct. In base, the 
Bishop, kneeling in profile to the dex., with mitre, vestments, 
and crozier held before him ; betw. two shields of arms : dex. 
injured and illegible, sin. an ox passant. 

^ S' FRIS • THIBALDI -Dei CAPRVLANI. 

Some pairs of letters conjoined. 

Beaded borders. 



BISHOP OF CASTELLO al. OLIVOLO, in Venice. 
{Castellanns Episcopiis!) 

Dom. PAULUS, or PAOLO FOSCARI, Jiir. Utr. Doct. 
A.D. 1 367- 1 376. 

22,324. [a.D. 1367.] Red. 2f x I-J in. On a boat- 
shaped mass of self-coloured wax. App. by a green silk 
tape. About 3x2 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 8478.] 

Pointed oval : the facade of an ecclesiastical edifice. In 
the upper part, in a small niche, with trefoiled arch, and five 
towers with pointed roofs rising stepwise to the top, a half- 
length figure of the Virgin Mary, with pearled nimbus, turned 
to the r., holding the Child with cruciferous nimbus, on the 1. 
arm ; background replenished with estoiles. In the centre 
part, under an arcade of two complete, and as many incomplete 
round-headed arches, on car\ed shaft.s, standing figures of 



ITALY : — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. • 399 

St. Peter on the dcx. and St. Paul on the sin., each with 
nimbus and accustomed emblems. In the base, under an 
ogee arch with trefoiled openings in the spandrils, the Bishop 
with mitre and vestments, kneeUng to the dex. with his crozier 
or pastoral staff in both hands ; betw. two similar shields of 
arms : a fess per pale, and chief indented. 

S . . . . I • IVRISj VTRIVSQ : DOCTOR G . . 

[e]Pi • CAST6LANI. 
Beaded borders. 

Capelletti, vol. i.x., p. 255 ; Gams, p. 782. 



BISHOP OF CE3ENA, in Italy. 
See Petrus de Vincentia. a.d. 1489. No. 22,152. 



BISHOP OF FERENTINO, in Italy. 
{Ferentinensis Episcopus.) 

See Nicolaus Vardis, Auditor Caiisarnm Sacri Palatii 

Apostolici, A.D. 1395-1409. No. 22,157. 



BISHOP OF FERRARA, in Italy. ' 

{Ferrarie\jisis\ Episapus.) 

LORENZO ROUERELLA. A.D. 1462-1474. 

22,325. Recent impression in red sealing-wa.x from the 
matrix. 3f x 2} in. [xliii. 176.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of St. George, with nimbus 
and shield of arms : a cross ; on a horse springing to the r., in 
combat with the Dragon. On the dex. in the background a 
standing figure of the maiden, as described in the Legend 
of St. George. Under a canopy of three trefoiled arches 
pinnacled and elaborately carved, set on a screen of round- 
headed arches. In base, an arcade of three round-headed 
arches on two slender shafts ; beneath the central arch, the 
Bishop, with mitre, vestments, and crozier, kneeling in profile 
to the r. in adoration ; betw. two shields of arms : dex., per 
pale, dex. an oak tree {roverella) eradicated, sin. an eagle 
displayed, dimidiated, crowned, RovERELLA. The sin. 
shield of arms bears the same charges in reversed order. 

S' DNI • LAUReNTII • ROUEReLLe • D • GRACIA ■ 
ePISCOPI FGRRAie. 
Beaded borders. 



400 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

BISHOP OF FOLIGNO, in Italy. 
{Fiilgiiieusis Episcopiis.) 

PAULUS NALLI al. TRINCI. A.D. 1 326-1 363. 
See under BisHOP OF VosPRUM, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



CANON. 
D. ROBERT RAINALDI. 

22,326. [15th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities, if in. [cxx.x. 25.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, seated, holding the Child 
on the 1. knee, beneath an ogee hood-moulding or arch, 
crocketed, and ornamented along the inner edge with small 
quatrefoils. The ends of the seat are in form of animals, 
with a jewelled strap thrown over each one. The feet of the 
Virgin are betw. two similar shields of arms : per bend, in 
chief a serpent wavy bendwise, the base paly of si.x. In base 
under an arch, with inner edge ornamented with quatrefoils, 
the Canon, kneeling to the dex. in profile, his hands clasped in 
adoration. 

S' ■ ROBeRTI • DNI • RAINALDI • CAN • FVLGINATIS ■ NVC6N. 



ARCHBISHOP OF G'E'HOA {Januensis Archiepiscopus). 

22.327. [13th cent.] Leaden bulla, or ancient cast from a 
bulla, originally app. to a document by a twisted hempen 
cord coloured green. 14- in. [xlviii. 57.] 

0. St. Silas, or Syre, Patron and first Archbishop of Genoa, 
A.D. 1 1 30, half-length, face turned slightly to the siti., with 
nimbus and pallium, in the 1. h. a book. Across the field the 
inscription : — _ 

S L 

SI sv 
{Sail/:/ us Silas.) 
The letter A inverted. 

■& lANUENSIS ARCHIEPISCGPUS. 
R. The city of Genoa represented by an elevation of an 
edifice with two round-headed arches on columns, central 
dome, and pinnacles or turrets at the sides. 
©CIUITAS lANUENSIS** 
Beaded or pearled borders. 

22.328. Copper electrotypes of the cbr. and rev. of 
No. 22,327. [cxiv. 131, 132.] 



ITALY: — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 40I 

BISHOP OF GIESOLO. EQUILIO, or JESOLO, in Italy. 
{Exttlensis, al. Equiliniis Episcopus.) 

MARCUS BLANCI, a!. BIANCO. A.D. i344-«;r. 1367. 

22,329. [A.D. 1367.] Red : very imperfect. About 
2A X If in. Embedded in a boat-shaped mass of self- 
coloured wax. About 3^ X 2 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, with nimbus, standing, 
holding the Child, with nimbus, on the 1. arm : in a richly 
carved niche, with trefoiled arch supported on slender shafts, 
and canopy of ecclesiastical architecture consisting of three 
towers witli pointed spires. At each side, outside the shafts, 
sprigs of foliage and flowers. In base the design is broken 
away. 

S' MARCl • BLANCI ■ [DGl • GRA • CPI ■ e^QVILINL 
Beaded borders. 



PATRIARCH OF GRADO, an island in the Adriatic Sea 

near Aquileja ; the Patriarchate afterw. transferred 

to Venice {kX). 1170). 

HENRICO DANDULO or DANDOLO. A.D. 1 1 3 i-i 186. 

22,330. Leaden bulla, corrosion commencing: fine. \\ in. 
[xlix. 125.] 

0. A figure of St. Hermagoras, with nimbus, seated in 
profile to the 1., on a bench-like throne, delivering a crozier or 
pastoral staff to the Patriarch who is standing before him, 
and lifting up the r. h. in benediction. The Saint is designated 
by the inscription : — 

S' 6RMACHORACS]. 

The Bishop by :- 



H ... AN 

B. 



• H -^ANDV 

LO Di GRA 

GD6NSIS 

PAt^HA. 



22,331. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,330. [cxvi, 88, 89.] 

Gams, Series Episcoporum, p. 791. 



VOL. VI. 2 D 



PUBLIC LIBRAHV 



403 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

BISHOP OF LODI, ?■« Italy {Landensis Episcopits). 
OCTAVIUS MARIA SFORZA VISCONTI, 

son of Galeazzo Maria, Duke of Milan ; Bishop Elect. 
A.D. 1497-1531. 

22,332. [A.D. 1530.] Red: somewhat indistinct. App. 
by red cords, and enclosed in a turned wooden box. 2\ in. 
[Harl. ch. 83 C. 22.] 

A shield of arms: quarterly; i. an eagle displayed, 
crowned ; 2. a guivre, crowned, swallowing a child, ViSCONTI ; 
3. a lion rampant, holding a sheaf of three pomegranates, 
slipped and leaved, for Sforza ; 4. on a terrasse of herbage, 
a man-faced dragon holding a book ; over all an escutcheon 
charged with a chimsera (?). At each side, a rectangular 
entablature inscribed : — 

NUT 
ZAIT. 

Betw., in the upper part a row of three plants set in vases, 
in the lower part a flowering branch. Ensigned with a 
jewelled mitre. 

OCTAVII ■ MAR • SFOR ■ VICE • CO • MEL • Z ■ 
ELECTI ■ LAVDEN. 

Beaded border. 



BISHOP OF MANTUA, in Italy. 

VICENTIO AGNELLO SOARDI, 

Sacri Romaiii Imperii Princeps. A.D. 1620-1645. 

22.333. Recent impression in red sealing-wax from the 
matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and Medieval 
Antiquities. \% in. [xxxiv. 61.] 

A carved shield of arms : per pale, dex. quarterly ; i, 4. a 
lamb {agnello) salient ; 2, 3. on a fess three mullets ; sin. 
coupi ; a. an eagle displayed, crowned ; b. per fess, a lion 
rampant countercharged The carving of the shield consists 
of a cherub's head above it, a lion's head at each of the 
corners of the chief, two aniorini or piitti at the sides standing 
on consoles, from which depend two garlands or swags of 
foliage tied at the point to a bishop's head, full-face, with 
mitre and strings. The shield ensigned with a cardinal's hat, 
with its strings knotted and ornamented with six tassels on 
each side, one, two, and three. 

VINC : AGN : SVAR : EP : MANT : AC : S : R : I : PRINC. 

Beaded border. 

22.334. Recent impression in gutta-percha, from the same 
matrix, [cix. 69.] 



ITALY : — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 403 

BISHOP OF MARIANA, in Corsica {Marinensis Episcopus). 
Fr. VINCENCIUS. A.D. 1342. 

See under Manasgardensis EpiscOPUS, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



ARCHBISHOP OF MESSINA, in Sicily, 
{Messanensis A rcliiepiscopus). 

PETRUS DE LUNA. A.D. 1479-1492. 

22,335. Sulph. cast from a fine impression or the matrix. 
2 in. [D.C., G. 259.] 

A shield of arms: quarterly ; i, 4. quarterly in saltirc, in 
chief and point, four pales, in the flanks an eagle displayed, 
crowned, KINGDOM OF SiCILY ; 2, 3. tierce en pal \ a. chequy, 
on a chief a crescent inverted, chequy, LUNA ; b. five swords, 
three and two, etc. (?) ; c. a chief. Above the shield an 
archbishop's cross. Background replenished with arabesque 
foliage. Within a pointed quatrefoil panel, ornamented with 
carving along the inner edge and in the spandrils. 

e> PETRI « DE « LVNA « DEI « GRATIA « ARCHIEPISCOPI « 

MESSANENSIS «... 
Carved border. 



BISHOP OF MONREALE {Mons Regalis), in Sicily. 

ARNALDUS DI RASSACH, Bishop Elect, 
A.D. 1306; Treasurer of ¥\<]LT)Y.K1C III., King of Sicily. 

22,336. [a. D. 1306.] Sulph. cast from an impression some- 
what injured in places. 2i X l-j- in. [cxxxii. 70.] 

Pointed oval : the facade of an ecclesiastical edifice ; on 
the upper part, in a niche with trefoiled arch, carved canopy, 
and open tabernacle work at the sides, a half-length figure of 
the Virgin Mary with the Child on the 1. arm. In base, under 
a pointed arch, with countersunk trefoil openings in the 
spandrils, the Bishop Elect, bare-headed, and with tonsure ; 
kneeling in profile to the sin., with his hands clasped in 
adoration. 

* S' ARNALDI • APOSTOLlCe • SGDIS • GRA ■ ELeCTI • 
MOTlSReGfALJlS. 

Beaded border. 

U'Arcq, No. 11,796. 



BISHOP OF MOTULA, near Bari, in Italy, 
[Moiulainis Episcopus). 

LEONARDUS. A.D. 1467-1482. 
22,337. Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from good impression. 
31 X i^in. [D.C., G. 74.] 

2 D 2 



404 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Pointed oval : three heavily canopied niches in a row, 
separated by slender shafts topped with a cross, containing 
standing figures of the Virgin Mary with nimbus, holding the 
Child, also with nimbus, on the r. arm, betw. St. Peter, with 
nimbus, keys, and book on the dex., and St. Paul with nimbus, 
sword and book on the si)i. side. In base, on the masonry of 
the supporting spring, in a niche with round-headed arch, the 
Bishop, with mitre and vestments, full-face, kneeling, with 
hands joined in adoration ; betw. two shields of arms : dex. a 
lion rampant, debruised with a bendlet, ensigncd with a mitre 
labelled ; sin. an ox passaat, and in chief the Lombardic initial 
letter JTl crowned for MOTULA, or MUTILA, also ensigned with 
a mitre labelled as in the other instance. 

* L60NARDVS g EPS = MOTVLANVS "S" 

Richard et Giraud, torn, xvii., p. 243. 



BISHOP OF NEBBIO, or NEBIUM, in Corsica, 
{Nnlnensis Episcopus). 

Fr. RAPHAEL SPINULA, or SPINOLA, 
circ. A.D. 1 332-1 336. 

See under BiSHOP OF Vo.SPRUM, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



BISHOP OF OPPIDO, in Italy {Oppidensis Episcopus). 

GREGORIUS. A.D. 1342. 

See under Manasgardensis Episcopus, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



BISHOP OF PALERMO, in Sicily, 

{Panorviitaniis Episcopus). 

'ZK'RIB.O'LOM.'ELO, of Atttioch. A.D. 1305-1311. 

22,338. [A.D. 1306.] Sulph. cast from a chipped, some- 
what indistinct impression. 2-| x l-^- in. [cxxxv. 12.] 

Pointed oval : th&fagadeoi an ecclesiastical edifice of two 
storeys. In the upper part a small niche, with trefoiled arch, 
canopy of church-like architecture, and pinnacled tabernacle 
work at the sides, containing the " Coronation of the Virgin 
Mary." In the lower part an arcade of one complete and 
two incomplete trefoiled round-headed arches, separated by 
pinnacled shafts, containing, in the centre, the Bishop, standing 
on a carved corbel, full-face, with mitre and vestments, lifting 
up the r. h. in the act of pronouncing benediction, in the 1. h. 
a crozicr or pastoral staff", the curve turned inwards. At the 



ITALY : — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 405 

dex. side, a shield of arms : a bar or fess, in chief an eagle 
displayed. Betw. the initial letters c. O- At the sin. side 
a corresponding shield of arms : an eagle displayed. Betw. 
the letters p. a. {Patriarchatus Antiochia?) 

s* S' ■ BARTHOLOM€l • DIVINA • MISGRATIONe ■ 
e?l • PANORMI .... 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,797. 



BISHOP OF POTENZA, in Italy. 

{Potentianensis Episcopiis). 

JOHANNES II. A.D. 1351-1364. 

22,339. [a.D. 1358.] Red : very imperfect, centre only 
remains. App. by a plaited bobbin of thread of various 
colours. About 2 X i^- in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing, full-face, with mitre 
and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction, in 
the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff In a niche wich canopy 
broken off, and tabernacle work at the sides, on that of the 
sin. side a shield of arms : a chevron betw. three cinquefoils. 

Legend wanting. 



PROVINCE OF SYRACUSE, in Sicily. 
Canon. 

JACOBUS DE PORTU, Canonicus Syracusanus, 

CoiiiDiissariics Magistri Bernardi DE Parma, 

D. N. Papa Scriptoris et Judicis. 

22.340. [.-v.D. 1259.] Plaster cast from an imperfect 
impression. i4- X ^^ in. [cxxxvi. 36.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, crowned, holding the Child 
with cruciform nimbus, on the 1. knee, and seated on a throne 
of arcaded work with horn -shaped terminals, with the feet on 
a projecting bracket or corbel. 

Legend broken away. 

. AN 

22.341. [a.D. 1263.] Plaster cast from an imperfect im- 
pression, [cxxxvi. 37.] 

. . . lACOBI ■ CAN 

Cll : D PORT . . 

22.342. [a.D. 1266.] Plaster cast from a very imperfect 
impression, [cxxxvi. 3S.] 

ORT ... 



406 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



22^343. [a.d. 1266.] Plaster cast from a very imperfect 
impression, [cx.xxvi. 39.] 

^ S' lACOBI 

RTV. 

22.344. [a.d. 1266.] Plaster cast from a very imperfect 
impression, [cxxxvi. 40.] 

^ S' [IAC]0[BI ■ C]AN • SC . . . . 
tN]VN[CII : D' PORT] . . . 

22.345. [a.d. 1266.] Plaster cast from a very imperfect 
impression, [cxxxvi. 41.] 

N : SC . . . . 

22.346. [a.d. 1266.] Piaster cast from a very imperfect 
impression, [cxxxvi. 42. J 

^ S' iacobi 

[NJVNCll : D' PORTV. 



BISHOP OF TORCELLO, lu Italy. 
{Torcellamis Episccpns.) 

Doni. PAULUS BALARDI. A.D. 1367-1405. 
22,347. [a.d. 1367.] Red : very indistinct. i| X i in. 
Enclosed in a boat-shaped mass of uncoloured wax. App. by 
a green silk tape. 31 X 2 in. [Add. ch. 8478.] 

Oval : Hercules strangling the Nemjean Lion. A copy of 
a subject on a gem. 

* S' • D PAVLI tBAiLAR Dl. 

Beaded borders. 



PATRIARCH OF VENICE and PRIMATE OF 
DALMATIA. 

PIETRO BARBADICO al. BARBERIGO. 

A.D. 1706-1725. 

22,348. [a.d. 1 7 14.] Wafer, en placard, covered with 
paper before impression. 2XI-Jin. [Add. ch. 6171.] 

Oval : an ornamentally carved shield of arms : on a bend 
cotised, betw. six escutcheons, three leopards passant bendwise 
guardant, B.ARBADICO. Upon a patriarchal cross, ensigned 
with a patriarchal hat, with the strings knotted and burnished 
with six tassels. 

* ^ PETRVS BARBADICVS PATRIARCHA VENETIAR- 
ET DALM ■ PRIMAS | 

Outer border consists of faliage, flower.s, and petals. 



ITALY : — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 407 

BISHOP OF VICENZA, in Italy {Vicentimis Episccpus) 
St. RAYNALD CONCOREGGI. AD. 1296-1303. 

22.349. [a.D. 1299.] Sulph. cast from a good, slightly 
chipped impression. 2\ X li in. [cxxxiii. 24.] 

Pointed oval : view of an ecclesiastical edifice elaborately- 
carved. In the centre under a round-headed arch with pointed 
pediment or tympanum, canopy of church-like architecture 
and two tiers of arcade-work, a half-length figure of the 
Virgin Mary, crowned, turned slightly to the sin., holding the 
Child on the 1. arm. Above, at the sides of the tympanum, 
and below the sill of the central arch, four small round-headed 
niches containing the emblematical figures attributed to the 
four Evangelists. In base, a small niche, similar to those 
described above, containing the Bishop with mitre, vestments, 
and crozier or pastoral staff, kneeling in profile to the dtw. in 
adoration. The projecting character of the details of archi- 
tecture in this design is somewhat unusual, and has a good 
effect. 

.-. S' • RAYNALDI ■ ^MISSIONG • DIVINA • €PI • V1C6NTINI. 

Beaded borders. 

22.350. Another sulph. cast from a good but chipped 
impression, [cxxxiii. 24.] 

••■ S' ■ RAYNALDI • PMISS €P1 • VIC6NTINL 

D'Arcq, No. 11,716, with description of a counterseal : an open book 
inscribed : I ■ PAT_0IA3, and legend: + SeCReTVM. 



UNCERTAIN SEALS. 

An Archbishop. 

22,351. [17th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matrix, i in. [cxxx. 26.] 

An Archbishop, with mitre and vestments, standing on a 
platform, turned slightly to the r. ; in the r. h. a book, in the 
1. h. a long cross. 

SA^AC_AA. 
S[i^iltuin\ .l[iU/it:iit/cu//i] A C A\jchit:piscopi\ ^ [. . . .] (.•') 

Beaded borders. 



BALDUYNE, Bishop of (.?) 

22,352. [i2th or early 13th cent.] Recent impression in 
red sealing-wax, from the upper part of a matrix preserved 
in the Dept. of British and Medi;eval Antiquities. About 
2l X 1 1 in. when perfect, [c.xxiv. 62. J 



4o8 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Pointed oval, cut off at a depth of about i in. from the top. 
The upper part of a Bishop, full-face, with mitre, pallium, and 
vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction, in the 
1. h. a pastoral staff or crozier, the curve turned outwards. In 
the field at the sides, the letter S. on the dex., and an uncertain 
device on the sin. 

S' BALDVY RAD€N ePI . 

Beaded borders. 



BISHOPS in partibus Infidelium, 

and of Foreign, Eastern, Asiatic, and Oriental Sees; mostly 
attached to offices in the Papal Court, etc. 



BISHOP OF ACTIUM (?), in Greece, {Actiensis, 

Acteniensis, Actiniensis Episcopus!) 

BENEVENUTUS. 

22,353. [a.D. 1297.] Yellow or uncoloured : much injured 
by compression. About 2\ X l| in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 
16,522.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing on a small footboard, 
full-face, with mitre and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the 
act of benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff, the 
curve turned inwards. 

© S' FRIS • BGNeveNVTI ■ Dei • GRA • €PI • ACTIENSIS. 
Beaded borders. 



ALLERIENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

GALGANUS. A.D. 1342. 

See under Manasgardensis EpisCOPUS, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



ARCHBISHOP OF ANTIVARI {antea Dioclea, 
Antibarcnsis Archiepiscopus), in Albania. 

ANDREAS, a Franciscan Friar. A.D. 1 307-1 324. 

22,354. [a.D. 1323.] Red: very imperfect. App. by a 
hempen string. About 2\ X \\ in. when perfect. [Harl. ch. 
43 A. 9.] 

Pointed oval : St. George the Martyr, Patron Saint of the 
Cathedral of Antivari, with nimbus, ridindon a horse, pacing 
to the right ; and holding a banner-flag and shield charged 
with a cross. Within a niche with trefoiled arch, and open 
work at the sides ; in an upper niche a half-length figure of 
the Virgin Mary with the Child on the 1. arm, under a canopy 
of ecclesiastical architecture. The inner edge of the architec- 
tural work of these niches is ornamented with small quatrefoils. 
• S' • FRIS -A ARCHiePI • 

Gams, Scries Epinoftp.. p. 39,5, col. z. 



410 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

BISHOP OF ARCHADIA, in Crete, 
{A rchadiensis Episcopits). 

MICHAEL. 

22,354*. [A.D. 1358.] Red: very imperfect. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2^X if in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. i 5,394.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin IVIary, seated on a carved throne, 
holding the Child on the r. arm. In base, under a trefoiled 
arch, the Bishop, with mitre and crozier, kneeling in profile to 
the sin., looking up in adoration. In the spandrils of the arch 
two shields of arms, the charges indistinct. 

AGL' • D6I . . . 



BISHOP OF ARIA, in Crete (Ariensis Episcopns). 
Fr. GIRARD, Ord. S. Aug. 

22,355. [a.D. 1367.] Red: imperfect. About 2-1- X l|- in. 
Embedded in a boat-shaped mass of self-coloured wax. 
2% X If in. App. by a buff-coloured silk tape. [Add. ch. 
8478.] 

Pointed oval : the facade of an ecclesiastical edifice. In 
the upper part a small niche with pointed arch ornamented 
with crocketing, topped with a cross, and with open work at 
the sides, a half-length figure of the Virgin Mary, with nimbus, 
holding the Child, also with nimbus, on the 1. arm. In the 
central division, two niches with round-headed arches, 
containing figures of St. Paul on the dex. and St. Peter on the 
sin. side, standing, full-face, each with nimbus and accustomed 
emblems. In the base, under a flattened arch, with carved 
spandrils, the Bishop, with mitre and vestments, holding a 
crozier or pastoral staff and kneeling in adoration. Behind 
him, the initial letter of his name G. 

[fii SIGILLVIM : FRIS : OeRARDl : DT [AJRIGSSIS. 

Beaded borders. 

BREGERENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

JOHANNES. A.D. 1336. 

See under BiSHOP OF VOSPRUM, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



CALLIENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

PETRUS. A.D. 1342. 

See under Ma.na.sgardensis EpiSCOPUS, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



ITALY: — BISHOPS. 4II 



PETRUS. 

{Per Imps the same as the above.) 

22,356. [a.D. 1358.] Red; very imperfect. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2{ X 1 1 in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : an architectural faqade. In the upper part 
a small niche, the canopy broken off, containing half-length 
figure of the Virgin Mary, with the Child on the 1. arm. In 
the lower part, the Bishop standing, full-face, with mitre and 
vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of pronouncing 
benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff, the curve 
turned outwards. In a niche with trefoiled arch, and open 
tabernacle work at the sides. 

LlGNSl 



CAPIONENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

JOHANNES. A.D. 1342. 

See under Manasgardensis Episcopus, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



BISHOP OF CA^DICA, ill the Metropolis of Larissa, 
{Cardicensis Episcopus). 

BENEDICTUS. A.D. 1336; oh. A.D. 1340. 

See under Bishop of Vosprum, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 

This Bishop is called by Dr. Slubbs {Reg. Sacr., p. 143), Bishop of 
Sardis or Sanlica, Prior of the Austin Friars of Norwich, Suffragan 
of Norwich and Winchester, A.D. 1333-1346. 



CARMINENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
JOHANNES. 

22,357. [a.D. 1358.] Red ; very imperfect. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2] X i ^ in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, half-length, turned slightly 
to the r holding the Child on the 1. arm, in a niche or com- 
partment with engrailed border ; the background replenished 
with estoilcs of six points. In base under an arcade of three 
arches, the Bishop, with mitre and crocketed crozier, kneeling 
to the r. in adoration, betw. two angels.. 

[DIGI PI CARMl 



412 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



CATHANENSrS EPISCOPUS. 

RAYMUNDUS. A.D. 1336. 

See under BiSHOP OF VosPRUM, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



CERSONENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

RICARDUS. AD. 1336. 

See under Bishop of Vosprum, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



f INENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
Fr. PETRUS. 

22,358. [A.D. 1367.] Red: injured. 2^ X i| in. Em- 
bedded in a boat-shaped mass of self-coloured wa.x. 3x2 in. 
App. by a buff-coloured silken tape. [Add. ch. 8478.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, with nimbus, crown, and 
sceptre, holding the Child, with nimbus, on the r. arm ; seated 
in a richly carved niche, with elaborate canopy, pinnacled and 
crocketed, ornamented with tabernacle work at the sides. In 
base, the Bishop, under a pointed arch, with mitre and crozier, 
kneeling in profile to the dex., and looking upwards, with 
hands clasped in adoration ; betw. two similar shields of 
arms : quarterly ; in each quarter, a fleur-de-lis. 

S' ■ FRIS ■ PeTRI ■ Dei • GCRA • 6Pl ■ ClieNSIS. 

Beaded borders. 



BISHOP OF CHIRONA, or KYRONA? /« Crete, 

{Kyronensis Episcopus). 

Fr. JOHANNES I., DE CARAMAGNA. A.D. 1358-f. 1372- 

22,359. [A.D. 1367.] Red: injured. 2 J x if in. Em- 
bedded in a boat-shaped mass of self-coloured wax, chipped. 
About 3x2 in. when perfect. App. by a buff-coloured 
silken tape. [Add. ch. 847S.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, with nimbus, crown, and 
sceptre, holding the Child, with nimbus, who is standing on 
her 1. knee ; seated in a richly carved niche, with elaborate 
canopy, pinnacled and crocketed, ornamented with tabernacle 
work at the sides. In base, under a flattened arch, the Bishop, 
with mitre, crozier, and vestments, kneeling to the dex. in 
adoration ; betw. two shields of arms : charges illegible. 

S' FRIS' • lOHIS' • DG • CANAC) . . . DGI • GRA • ePI • KYRONlSIS. 
Beaded borders. 
Cf. Ciaconius, torn, ii., rol. 517. 



ITALY: — BISHOPS. 413 



COCHENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
GARCIAS. 

22,360. [a.D. 135S.] Red: a fragment. App. by a plaited 
bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2i x i-j in. when 
perfect. [Add. ch. i 5,394.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, full-face, .seated on a throne the 
ends of which terminate in the heads of animals. In a niche 
with the canopy broken off. 



Legend wanting 



GRA 



CORISOPITENSIS EPISCOPUS (.'). 

22,361. Recent impression in red sealing-wax from the 
matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and Mediaeval 
Antiquities, i X f in- [cxxiv. 114.] 

Oval : on a jewelled crozier, a smaller oval containing a 
tower, masoned and crenellated. 

+ : S • EPI : CORIS • OPITGNSIS. 
Beaded borders. 



BISHOPS OF CORONE, near Athens {Coronensis Episcopus). 

ANDREAS. A.D. 1336. 

See under ^vs^nov OF Vosprum, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



Fr. PETRUS CORNERIUS. 

22,362. [A.D. 1367.] Red: good. 3 X if in. Enclosed 
in a boat-shaped mass of self-coloured wax. 3f x 2J- in. 
[Add. ch. 8478.] 

Pointed oval: ihz facade ol an ecclesiastical edifice ; in the 
upper part, in a small niche, with trefoiled arch and carved 
canopy, a half-length figure of the Virgin Mary, holding the 
Child, with nimbus, on the 1. arm, over her r. shoulder the 
six-rayed star of Bethlehem. Outside the niche, other two 
stars. In the central part, in a niche with two arches, and 
tabernacle work, pinnacled and crocketed at the sides, 
standing figures of a saint with mitre and crozier, on the dex., 
and a Saint (St. Francis ?) with a long cross on the sin. side, 
each with the nimbus. In base, under a flattened arch, the 
Bishop, with mitre and crozier, kneeling in adoration ; betw. 
two similar shields of arms : per pale. 

* S' • FRIS • P6TRI ■ CORNGRII • ORDIS • MINOR' ■ Dei ■ GR^A • 

e"PI ■ CORON6N . 
Beaded borders. 



414 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

ARCHBISHOP OF CRKY^ {Cretensis Arckiepiscopus). 
Dom. FRANCISCUS II., QUIRINI. A.D. 1 364-1 367. 

22,363. [A.D. 1367.] Red. 2i X if in. Enclosed in a 
boat-shaped mass of self-coloured wax. App. by a green 
silk tape. About 2i X 2 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 8478.] 

Pointed oval : the faqade of an ecclesiastical edifice. In 
the upper part, in a small niche with trefoiled arch, carved 
canopy, and tabernacle work at the sides, the Virgin Mary, 
half-length, with nimbus, holding the Child, with nimbus, on 
the 1. arm. Background diapered lozengy. Below, in the 
central part, under two arches, with tabernacle work at the 
sides, standing figures of a sainted Bishop, with mitre and 
crozier, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction on the^i?;r., 
and St. Paul, with the nimbus and sword, on the sin. side. In 
the base, under an arch, the Archbishop, with mitre and 
crozier, kneeling in profile to the r. ; betw. two similar shields 
of arms : diapr^, on a chief two estoiles of six points. 

L+ S'] FRANCISI ■ QVIRINO • XPl ■ GRA • ARCHIGPI • CReTGNSIS. 
Beaded borders. 



CRISOPOLITANENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
THOMAS. 

22,364. [a. D. 1358.] Red : very imperfect, ^ei'. side broken 
off. App. by a plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. 
About 2| X li in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing, full-face, with mitre 
and vestments, holding up the r. h. in the act of benediction, 
in the 1. h. a crocketed crozier or pastoral staff, the curve 
turned outwards. In a richly canopied niche with tabernacle 
work at the sides. On the sin. side of the open work, a shield 
of arms : indistinct, apparently sem^-de-lis. 

S' • F'RIS ■ THOM€ • D6I • GR' 



GANENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

BERNARDUS. A.D. 1342. 

See under Manasgardensis Episcopus, Nos. 22, 367-22, 37L 



BISHOP OF Y^\Y¥.'Si\K{Calipolensis Episcopus). 

JOHANNES. 

22,365. [a.d. 1521.] Red: fw/Ai-rrt/v/, a fragment. [Harl. 
ch. 43 A. 16.] 

Only the remains of a canopy. 

Legend wanting. 

Oriena Chrh/hiitiis. torn, iii., p. 974. 



ITALY :— BISHOPS. 415 



BISHOP OF LAODICEA AD LIBANUM, 
/// Phcetiicia Secunda {Laodicensis Episcopus). 

Fr. AUGUSTINUS. 

22,366. [a.D. 1260.] Plaster casts from an imperfect im- 
pression. About 2 X i| in. when perfect, [cxxxvi. 18 A. B.] 

0. Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing on a carved bracket 
or corbel, full-face, with mitre and vestments, lifting up the 
r. h. in the act of benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral 
staff, the curve turned inwards ; in a niche with slender shafts 
[supporting a canopy broken off.] 

STINI ■ 6"PI • LAOD 

Beaded borders. 

R. A smaller pointed oval counterseal. if X | in. A saint 
or archbishop, standing on a carved bracket or corbel. On 
the dex. side a long cross. Very indistinct. 

. . . GVSTINI AG . e . . . . NO. 



MANASGARDENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
NERSES, 

( With eleven other Bishops). 

22,367-22,371. [a.D. 1342.] Red : fragments. Appended 
by coloured threads, of five episcopal seals, too imperfect to 
be identified. [Add. ch. 25,828.] 

I. Pointed oval : the figure of a saint, probably the Virgin 
Mary holding the Child, seated in a carved niche with open- 
work at the sides. In base, under an arch, a Bishop, with 
mitre and staff, in profile to the dex., in adoration. 

Legend broken off: — 

6PI 



2. Pointed oval : a Bishop standing, full-face, lifting up the 
r. h. in the act of benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier. Back- 
ground diapered lozengy. 

Legend broken off. 

3. Pointed oval : a Bishop, standing, full-face. 
Legend broken off. 

4. Pointed oval : a figure, probably of the Virgin Mary, 
seated in a carved niche. 

Legend broken off. 

5. Pointed oval : the facade oi axi architectural edifice of two 
trefoiled niches with church-like canopies ; in the upper one a 
half-length figure of the Virgin Mary, holding the Child on the 
1. arm ; in the lower and larger niche, a Bishop, standing, full- 
face, with mitre and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of 
benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff. 

Legend broken off. 



4l6 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

MUCARENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

VALENTINUS. AD. 1342. 

See under Manasgardensis Episcopus, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



BISHOP OF ^A'Y{]KA, tinder Constantinople, 
{A^atareiisis Episcopus). 

RICARDUS. 

22,372. [a.D. 1358.] Red: very imperfect. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2-l x i f- in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : an architectural facade of two storeys. In 
the top part a small niche with canopy broken off, containing 
the Virgin Mary, half-length, with the Child on the 1. arm. 
In the lower storey, three niches in an arcade of as many 
pointed arches, containing standing figures of saints. In base, 
[the Bishop in prayer betw.] two shields of arms : dex. broken 
off, sin. two swords or sceptres in saltire, points downwards. 

Legend wanting. 



NAZARIENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

NICHOLAUS. A.D. 1342. 

See under MANASGARDENSIS EPISCOPUS, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



ARCHBISHOP OF NICOMEDIA, in the 

Patriarchate of Constantinople. 

LUCAS MELCHIOR TEMPI, 

" Archiepiscopus Nicomediensis in Belgio ac Burgundia 

Coniiiatu apud Serenissiviavi Austria; Archiducem 

Mariam Elizabetham Belgii Gubernatricem, Sanctitatis Sua 

ac Sedis Apostoliccc cum factdtatibiis Legati a latere 

Nitntius Ordinarius." 

22,373. [a.D. 1739.] Wafer, ^«//«r«r«/, covered with paper 
cut in form of a shield before impression. 2 in. [Add. ch. 
16,296.] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms : three bars, in chief 
a tree eradicated, TEMPI. On an archbishop's cross, ensigned 
with a hat having the strings knotted and ornamented with 
six tassels on each side, one, two, and three. 

« LVCAS • TEMPI • ARCHIEP • NICOMEDIEN • NVNCIVS • 
AP • IN • BELGIO. 
Carved border. 



ITALY: — BISHOPS. 417 



ARCHBISHOP OF NISSA and PARIUM 
{Nisiensis et Pariensis A rchiepiscopus). 

Fr. THOMAS. 

22,374. [a.d. 1367.] Red : on a boat-shaped mass of 
self-coloured wax. App. by a green silk tape. About 
3 X 2 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 8478.] 

Pointed oval : so much defaced that the design is illegible. 
Only the mark of a carved niche remains, and the letters of 
the legend : — 



PI 



NUBIENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
Fr. JULIANUS. 

22,375. [a.d. 1358.] Red : very imperfect. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2^ X If in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : an edifice of three storeys, divided by floors 
and arcades of round-headed arches. In the upper storey, the 
Virgin Mary, half-length, holding the Child on the 1. arm ; in 
the central storey, St. Leo (?) or St. Julian (?) with nimbus, 
riding on a horse pacing to the r., with a bishop kneeling 
before him. In the base storey, the design broken off. The 
background diapered lozengy, with a reticulated pattern, and 
ornamented with a pellet in each interstitial space. 

S' FRATRICS] 



ORGANCHENSIS, al. ORGANDIENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

MATHEUS. A.D. 1342. 
See under Manasgardensis Episcopus, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



BISHOP OF OSSORY, in Ireland {Ossoriensis Episcopus). 

Fr. RICARDUS LEDRED. A.D. 13 18-1360. 

See under BISHOP OF VOSPRUM, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 

This Bishop was in exile nine years, probably at the time the charter 
to which the seal was attached in the Papal Court at Avignon was 
ratified. 



VOL. VI. 2 E 



4l8 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

BISHOP OF PANEAS, in the Trac/wnitis, 
{Patieadensis Episcopns), also called Ccesarea Philippi, 

in the Patriarchate of A ntiocli. 
Fr. YMBERT, of the Order of Knights Templars. 

22,376. [a.d. 1272.] Dark-green: imperfect. App. by a 
flat plaited bobbin of crimson silk, i^ X if in. when perfect. 
[Egert. ch. 455.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing, full-face, with mitre 
and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction, 
in the 1. h. a pastoral staff the curve turned inwards. 
S' ; FRIS : YMB6 M6D CM : 6PI. 

Beaded borders. 



PERENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

DOMINICUS. A.D. 1336. 

See under BiSHOP OF VOSPRUM. Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



BISHOP OF PHILADELPHIA 

{Philadelpkiencis Episcopns. ) 

THOMAS [SWILLINGTON], Bishop 
\_Snffragan of Lincoln, etc. circ. A.D. 1 533-1 535.] 

22,377. Sulph. cast from an indistinct impression. 2\ X 
U in. [B.C., H. 25.] 

Pointed oval : the Archbishop, standing, turned to the 1., 
with vestments, in the r. h. a human heart, in the 1. h. a 
crozier, the curve turned outwards. Beneath an elaborately 
carved canopy set on slender shafts, with open tabernacle 
work at the side. In base a shield of arms : on a fess betvv. 
three tuns (in allusion to the surname) as many roundles. 
The initial letters T. s. at the sides of the tun in base, for a 
rebus. 

S' • OOMINI • TOME • EPISC • PHILAOELPHIENCIS. 
Cf. Archceologia, vol. vii., p. 362 ; Stubbs, Reg. Sacr., p. 147. 



POLLENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

GRACIA. A.D. 1342. 

See nnder Manasgardensis Episcopus, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



ITALY : — BISHOPS. 419 



PRISSINENSIS, al. PRISINENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

Fy. ROBERT, Suffragan Bishop of Hereford, 
A.D. 1360; Worcester, A.D. 1373-1375. 

22,378. [A.D. 1368.] Red: fine, imperfect, the points 
brol<en off. About 2\ x \\ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 
15,206.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of the " Coronation of the 
Virgin Mary." In the background two fleurs-de-lis. In a 
niche with elegantly carved canopy and open tabernacle work 
at the sides. In base, under a carved arch betw. the masonry 
supporting the niche, the Bishop with mitre and crozier, 
kneeling to the sin. in profile. 

.... Ill : jF^rts : Hob litbma : Prisinm' : rpt. 

Beaded borders. 

A good specimen of English art-work of the period. 



RECREENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
Fr. DAVID, Ord. S. Ang., Suffragan Bishop of York. 

22,379. [A.D. 1315.] Plaster cast from an imperfect 
impression. About 2|- X if in. when perfect. 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing, full-face, with em- 
broidered vestments, mitre, and crozier, the curve turned 
outwards ; lifting up the r. h. in benediction. Within a niche, 
on a carved corbel, and having a trefoiled arch and elegantly 
carved canopy supported on slender shafts. 

S' ■ F DAVID S. 



ROSSONSIS EPISCOPUS (?), 



22,379*. [A.D. 1358.] Green: imperfect, indistinct. App. 
by a plaited bobbin of various colours. About 2{r X lij in. 
[Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : St. Katharine, crowned, with sword and 
wheel, on the dex. side, and a Bishop with mitre and crozier, 
lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction on the sin. side ; 
under a canopy, pinnacled and crocketed. Background 
diapered lozengy with a fleur-de-lis in each interstitial space. 
In base, in a niche, an indistinct figure. 



PRI . . . . €1 . . . . reiPISCOPI • ROSSONSIS. 

2 E 2 



420 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

SABALIENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
JACOBUS. 

22,380. [a.D. 1358.] Red: very imperfect. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2Jr X i !,' in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : in the upper part a small niche, with canopied 
arch and tabernacled work at the sides, containing a half- 
length figure of the Virgin Mary, turned slightly to the r. h. 
side, with nimbus, holding the Child, also with nimbus, on the 
1. arm. Below, under an arcade of three round-headed arches, 
three Saints standing full-face. The central figure is St. John 
Baptist with the Agnus Dei, and over his r. shoulder the Star 
of Bethlehem. Each figure has the nimbus. 

S' • FRIS ■ lAC ABA .... SIS. 



SALONENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

PHILIPPUS. A.D. 1336. 

See under BISHOP OF VoSPRUM, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



SALUBERIENfSIS EPISCOPUS. 
AUGUSTI.NUS. 

22,381. [a.D. 1358.] Red: very imperfect. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About If X \~ in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : St. Augustine the Bishop, standing, full-face, 
with mitre, nimbus, and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the 
act of benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff, the 
curve turned outwards. In a niche with canopy broken off, 
set on slender pillars. Background diapered lozengy with a 
reticulated pattern. 

Legend wantinsf. 



SALVINENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
Fr. THOMAS. 

22,382. [a.D. 1297.] Yellow or uncoloured : much injured 
by pressure. About 2 x if in. [Add. ch. 16,522.] 

p. Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing, full-face, with mitre 
and vestments, holding up the r. h. in the act of benediction, 
in the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff. 

. . . RIS • THOM€ DGI • N . . . ISC . . . 



ITALY: — BISHOPS. 42 1 



R. A small round counterseal. ^ in. diam. Bust of a 
bishop, full-face, mitred. 

© COTRAS IN6S' • 6PI. 

Beaded borders. 



SUARIENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

ALAMANNUS. A.D. 1336. 

See under Bishop of Vosprum, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



SURRENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
ARVINALDUS. 

22,383. [A.D. 1358.] Red: very imperfect. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2 X i|^ in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : a canopied niche, with two arches, tabernacle 
work at the sides, and background diapered lozengy, with a 
small roundle in each interstitial space : containing standing 
figures of a .Saint with book and palm-branch on the dex., and 
St. Peter the Apostle, with keys and book on the sin. side. 
Each saint has a nimbus. 



S' FRIS 



TARTOPOLENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
JOHANNES. 

22.384. [a.d. 1358.] Red: very imperfect, central part 
only remains. App. by a plaited bobbin of thread of various 
colours. About if X i| in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : an uncertain figure, standing in a niche with 
canopy broken off, and tabernacle work at the sides. Back- 
ground diapered. 

Legend wanting. 

ARCHBISHOP OF TW^^^^Kl^O^lCK, in the Provmcc 
of Macedonia ( Thessalatiicensis A rchiepiscopus). 

Magister TOSSANUS (TOUSSAINT P) 

VARIN, 01- VAZIN (.»). 

22.385. [15th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from the matrix, gilded. Preserved in the Dept. of British 
and i\Iedi;eval Antiquities. 2i X I-J- in. [.xxxvii. Ii.] 



422 CATALOGUE OF SKALS. 

Pointed oval : St. Paul in a pulpit, with the nimbus, and at 

his 1. side a sword his usual emblem, the point downwards. 

Preaching to a congregation of five of the Thessalonians seated 

on a carved corbel or bracket, and wearing turban-shaped 

head-dresses, all beneath a carved canopy of late workmanship. 

Sigtllum : fHagtftf : toffant : Farm {or Fajtn) : 

aicljicptrcopi : Hjcrfalantccu". 

Beaded borders. 

22,386. Recent impression in red sealing-wax, from the 
matrix, [cxxiv. 138.] 



TINIENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

THOMAS. A.D. 1342. 

See under ManasgarDENSIS EpiscopuS, Nos. 22,367-22,371. 



TINOPOLENSIS EPISCOPUS. 
NITARDUS. 

22,387. [A.D. 1358.] Red: a fragment. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2X if in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : a saint standing on a platform, full-face. 
Background diapered lozengy, with a small pellet in each 
space. In base, the Bishop, with mitre, in profile to the dex., 
looking up in adoration. 

Legend wanting. 

Perhaps for Titiopolitcnsis, Titiopolis was a see in the Patriarchate of 
Antioch, Asia Occidcntalis ; or for Tine, formerly Tenos, an island in the 
^gean Sea, of which see a list of Bishops in Richard et Geraiid, s. v. 



ARCHBISHOP OF TYRE, in PItccnicia 
( Tyrensis A rchiepiscopns). 

Fr. JOHANNES A SANCTO MESSANO, 
a/. MAXENTIO, of I he Order of Friars Preachers. 
22,388. [A.D. 1272.] Red : edge chipped. App. by a flat 
plaited bobbin of crimson silk. i| in. [Egert. ch. 455.] 

The Archbishop, w ith mitre and vestments, holding a Tau- 
shaped cross. Seatctl, full-face, under a trefoiied arch with 
canopy of ecclesiastical architecture, in which are windows 
containing the heads of two Friars Preachers. On each side, 
in a canopied niche, a sainted Bishop, standing, full-face. 

NNIS : TYREN ItPI, 



ITALY : — BISHOPS. 423 



EPISCOPUS DE VALLONA. 

JACOBUS. A.D. 1336. 

See under BlSHOP OF VOSPRUM, Nos. 22,389-22,394. 



BISHOP OF VOSPRUM, or BOSPORUS 
( Vosprensis Episcopus). 

FRANCISCUS, 

( With twelve other Bishops.) 

22,389-22,394. [a.d. 1336.] Red: fragments, appended 
by faded threads, of six episcopal seals, too imperfect to be 
identified. [Add. ch. 25,826.] 

1. Pointed oval : a Bishop, seated, full-face, with mitre and 
vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction, in the 
1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff. 

Legend uncertain. 

2. Pointed oval : a Bishop, standing, full-face, with crozier 
or pastoral staff. Background diapered lozengy. 

Legend broken off. 

3. Pointed oval : a Bishop kneeling in profile to the dex. 
before the \'irgin Mary, seated, holding the Child on the 
1. arm. 

Legend broken off. 

4. Pointed oval : a Bishop, standing, full-face, with mitre 
and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction, 
in the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff. In a niche with carved 
canopy, pinnacled and crocketed. 

5. Only part of some diapered work remains. 

6. Pointed oval : a Bishop, standing, full-face, with mitre 
and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction, in 
the 1. h. a crozier or pastoral staff. Within a niche with carved 
canopy and open work at the sides. 

Legend broken off. 



VROHENSIS EPISCOPUS. 

FRANCISCUS. 

22,395. [a.d. 135S.] Red: fragmentary. App. by a 
plaited bobbin of thread of various colours. About 2 J X If in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 



424 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Pointed oval : a Saint, seated, full-face, in a niche with 
canopy of ecclesiastical architecture and open work at the 
sides. In base, under a pointed arch, the Bishop, with 
mitre, in profile to the dex. 

.... ANC 



BISHOP OF ZANTE (?), in the Ionian Islands 
{Xantiensis Episcopus). 

AVANTIUS. 

22,396. [a.d. 1358.] Red : fragment containing only the 
lower part. App. by a plaited bobbin of thread of various 
colours. About 2^ X i^- in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 15,394.] 

Pointed oval : a seated figure, in a niche. In base, a shield 
of arms : two lions rampant combatant. Foliage at the sides. 
....€.... De[i • gr:acia • e 

Beaded border. 



MONASTIC SEALS. 

including Abbeys, Priories, Collegiate and other churches. 

Confraternities, Congregations, and various Ecclesiastical 

and Religious Persons and Establishments^ 



AREZZO, in Italy. 
Uncertain Seal of a Guild. 

22,397. [15th century.] Recent impression in white wax, 
coloured a dark neutral grey. 4| in. [xliii. 72.] 

A demi-angel, draped, and vested, full-face, with plaited 
head-dress, issuing from clouds nebuly, holding in each hand 
an Italian-shaped shield of arms : a cross. Betw. them a 
plain-shaped shield of the same arms, set on a triple leaf- 
shaped ornament, whence spring two large oak-leaves. Betw. 
the initial letters t. \). Background powdered. 

No legend. 

Inner border beaded ; outer border plain. Doubtful if 
properly located. 



GALVANO BECCHI, or BECKE, Clerk, of Florence. 

22,398. [a.D. 1302.] Red: good, chipped. i| X ^ in. 
[Add. ch. 61 14.] 

0. Pointed oval : i\\e facade of an ecclesiastical edifice. In 
the upper part in a niche with pointed and trefoiled arch, 
ornamented with a canopy of church-like architecture and 
tabernacle work at the sides, the Virgin Mary, turned slightly 
to the sin., half-length, holding the Child on the 1. arm. In 
base, under a similar arch resting on pendentives and 
ornamented with arcaded spandrils, the Clerk, in profile to 
the sin., with ecclesiastical attire, kneeling in adoration. 
S' GALVANI • B6CCHI • CL'ICI FLOR6TINI. 

B. A small oval counterseal. ri X t^ in. Impression 
of an antique oval engraved gem or precious stone, of the 
early Christian period. An angel, standing in profile to the 
dex., draped, and with large wings, holding a branch of 
foliage. Set in a ring of precious metal inscribed with the 
legend : — 

[awyvcrn) ANGL e : MIGHA 'a loyvcni) CL : ORA ; 'P M6. 



426 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 

The introduction of two wyverns into the legend on the 
right and left, facing to the top of the seal, is an interesting 
employment of the customary symbolism which associates 
Michael the Archangel with the overthrow of the " Great 
Serpent." There is nothing in the design on the gem to 
cause it to be attributed to the Archangel. 



CIGLIANO {Siglatmm) in Vercelli, Italy (?). 
TUCCUS Betti, Plebanns Plebis. 

22.399. [15th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. 2| X if in. [xxxv. 212.] 

Pointed oval : the bust of Our Lord, turned slightly to the 
r. with jewelled nimbus, in a niche with two arches and 
canopy of ecclesiastical architecture. In base, in a circular 
niche, with two small circular openings in the spandrils, the 
Plcbatuts Plebis, or incumbent, kneeling in profile to the r., 
with hands lifted up in prayer. 

■ S • TUCCI • BGTTI • PLGBANI ■ PLeBIS • D' ■ SIGLANO. 
The letters AN conjoined, twice, in monogram. 
Beaded borders. 

22.400. Recent impression in gutta-percha from the matrix, 
[cxxx. 23.] 



ESBISETO, in Italy (.?). 
JOHN BELLET, Chaplain. 

22.401. [Late 14th cent.] Recent impression in red 
sealing-wax, from the matrix, -fi in. [xliii. 18S.] 

The Chaplain, in ecclesiastical vestments kneeling in profile 
to the dex., on the 1. knee, before a lady standing turned to 
the sin., and ofTering her a paten or plaque which she is about 
to receive with extended right hand. Within a double pointed 
quatrcfoil panel. 

Legend betw. the larger points : — 

S' • lOH'IS • B_GLLeT • C_APLLI ■ D' 6SBIS6TO. 
Beaded borders. 

Prater RICHARD DE FUNDI. 

22.402. [i-lth cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matrix. 1,' X i in. [cxxx. 15.] 



ITALY : — MONASTIC SEALS. 427 

Pointed oval : the frater, in monastic dress, kneeling in 
profile to the sin., holding an open book. 

^ S' : FRIS : RICHARDI : D6 : FVDI : 

Beaded borders. 



Priory DE METULO, in Italy (?). 
GuiLLELMUS, Prior. 

22.403. [i 5th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. i| x I in. [c.xxx. 10 A.] 

Pointed oval : St. John Baptist, standing, full-face, with 
nimbus, and hairy dress, with the Agnus Dei on a plaque in 
the 1. h. ; in a niche with trefoiled arch on slender shafts, and 
canopy pinnacled and crocketed. Background diapered 
lozengy with a small rose in each interstitial space. In base, 
under a semicircular arch ornamented along the inner edge 
with small quatrefoils, the Prior in profile to the dex., kneeling 
with hands held up in adoration. Behind this figure a shield 
of arms : three chevrons. 

S' • GVILL'I • PRIORIS • DG • M6TVLO • « 
Beaded borders. 
Doubtful if Italian. 

22.404. Another, [cxxx. 10 B.] 



MODENA, {Miitind) Priory of St. Catharine, in Italy. 
Grimaldus, Prior. 

22,405. [14th cent.] Recent cast in plaster tinted red, 
from the matrix, i^ x i^ in. [xliii. 170.] 

Pointed oval : a crowned figure, standing, full-face, with 
embroidered robe and fur cloak, lifting up both hands, perhaps 
for St. Catharine. On each side a rose betw. two quatrefoils, 
palewise. In base, under a trefoiled arch, the Prior kneeling 
in adoration, in profile to the dex. 

* S' GRIMALDI • I^ORIS • SCG • CATARING • D' • MVT'. 
Beaded borders. 



Churcli of OSIMO {Aicxiinuin) near Ancona, in Italy. 

Stephen, Prior of the Major Ecclesia. 

22,406. [15th cent.] Cast in lead from the matrix. 
2 X I ; in. [xxxiv. 74 A.] 



428 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, three-quarters length, full- 
face, crowned, holding the Child on the 1. arm. In a niche 
with pointed arch, crocketed and ornamented with tabernacle 
work at the sides. In base, under an arcade of two semi- 
circular arches with pendentives, the Prior, in profile to the 
sin., kneeling in adoration of St. Peter standing before him 
and holding keys and a book. 

• S' • STePHAl ■ PORIS • MAIO'IS • eCCL'6 • AVXIMA'IS. 
Some pairs of letters united in monogram. 
Beaded borders. 

22,407. Another cast in lead from the same matrix, 
[xxxiv. 74 B.] 

Cf. Ughelli, Italia Sacra, torn, v., col. i. 



PACINA, or PACCHINO, in Siracuse, Sicily. 
BERENGERIUS DE BROLIO, Plebamis, i.e.. Incumbent. 

22.408. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. 2 X \\ in. [cxxx. 24 A.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, crowned, holding the Child 
on the 1. knee ; seated on a bench-like throne, in a niche with 
trefoiled pointed arch supported on slender shafts, and 
ornamented with a carved canopy of ecclesiastical architecture. 
In the base, the Priest, kneeling in profile to the sin., with 
hands clasped in prayer ; betw. two similar shields of arms : 
two croziers or pastoral staves in saltire. 

S' • B'NGCRII • D' BROLIO • PLeSANI • D' • PAGI^M. 
The letters AN, conjoined in monogram. 
Doubtful if correctly placed. 

22.409. Recent impression in red sealing-wax from the 
matrix, [xxxv. 213.] 

22.410. Recent impression in gutta-percha, from the 
matrix, [cxxx. 24 B.] 



Fr. JOHANNES DE LA POBIA, or POBBIA, 

in the Dncliy of Montscrrat, Italy. 

22,411. [15th cent] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
X I \ in. [xlvii. 1796.] 



ITALY : — MONASTIC SEALS. 429 

Pointed oval : the facade of an ecclesiastical edifice. In 
the upper part a small niche with pointed arch, crocketed and 
flanked with open work, a half-length figure of the Virgin 
Mary, holding the Child on the 1. arm. In the centre, under 
a double arch, two saints, standing. In base, under an arch, 
the brother, in profile to the dex. kneeling in adoration, and 
wearing a sort of ruff round his neck. 

SIGILLVM • FRTS ■ lOHANNlS • D6 LA POBIA. 
Beaded borders. 
Laing's MS. Ca/al., No. 426. 



ROME. Fraternity of the Hospital of St. Thomas the Martyr ; 
Hospitale A nglorutn in Urbe Romana. 

'2.1,^\1. [14th cent.] Sulph. cast from the matrix. 
2\ X \\ in. [xlvii. 677.] 

Pointed oval : a conventional representation of the Holy 
Trinity, in a canopied niche with open work at the sides, on a 
projecting bracket or corbel of masonry. In base, under an 
arch, St. Thomas the Martyr of Canterbury, with mitre, 
vestments, and archbishop's cross ; half-length, looking up- 
wards with hands joined in adoration. 

5' + frat'nitat' + ijofpital' + frl ++ + tijomc + 

martiris (?) + in + roma X + 

Beaded borders. 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 415 ; Gent's Mag., vol. Ixi., p. 1 177, etc. 

22,413. Another sulph. cast from the matrix. [D.C., F. 69.] 



Another seal. 

22,414. [Late 15th cent.] Recent impression in red 
sealing-wax, from the brass matrix preserved in the Dept. 
of British and Mediceval Antiquities. 2f X \\ in. [xxxv. 40.] 

Pointed oval. The design resembles the above but not 
from the same matrix. Carved work in the background 
behind the principal design. In base, on the masonry a shield 
of the Royal Arms of England as used by Edw.ard IV., and 
other kings, viz. FRANCE (three fleurs-de-lis), and ENGLAND, 
quarterly. 

-« $ • fratrrnitatis ofpitalis *< fci »< tijomc 
mart' \\\ voma. 

Beaded borders. 



430 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



22.415. Sulph. cast from the matrix. [D.C., F, 68.] 

22.416. Recent impression, badly made, in black sealing- 
wax, [xxxiv. 79 A.] 



Church of St. Mary " Scola Grecoruiii,^' i>i Rome (?) 
Seal of the Chapter. 

22,'in. [14th cent.] Recent impression in plaster, tinted 
red. 2 X Irj- in. [xliii. 169.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, draped, crowned, holding 
the Child, with Byzantine head-dress, on the 1. arm, and in 
her r. h. a sceptre fieur-de-h'sif ; seated on a cushioned throne, 
beneath a canopy with trefoiled arch, supported on side 
columns carved in twisted grooves. 

^ S' CAPITVLI • see • MAR16 • SCOLA • GR6C0R'. 



SANT' ANDREA DE . . . . OCINO, in Italy. 
ToRRlGlANUS, Plehamis, i.e. Incumbent. 

22,418. [15th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matrix preserved in the Dept of British and Mediaeval 
Antiquities, if X 1-77. in. [cxxiv. 192.] 

Pointed oval : a Saint, full-face, seated on a bench in a 
niche vvitli trefoiled arch supported on slender shafts ; his r. h. 
uplifted in the act of benediction ; his feet on a shield of 
arms: quarterly; i, 4, plain, 2, 3, barry of si.x (?). In base, 
under a pointed arch with countersunk trefoil openings on the 
spandrils, the Plebaniis, Incumbent, or Parish Priest in profile 
to the dex., with hands clasped in adoration. 

S' • TORRIGIANI ■ PLGBANI ■ PL€B1S • SCI • ANDRGG • D . . OCTO. 
Inner border beaded and engrailed, outer border beaded. 



Rectory ^/ST. GEORGE, or SAN GEORGIO, in Italy. 
Presbyter Gregorius or Gratia, Rector. 

22,419. [13th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax from the matri.x preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. li x I in. [.xxxv. 202.] 

Pointed oval : St. George, riding on a horse facing to the 
sill., overthrowing the Dragon with a sjioar. In base the 



ITALY: — MONASTIC SEALS. 43 1 



Rector, half-length turned in profile to the sin., with hands 
lifted up in veneration. 

Si S' Pb'RI ■ GR€ • RECTORIS • SCI • GeORGII. i 

Beaded borders. 

There are numerous places of this name in Italy. 



CHURCH OP ST. NICHOLAS (in Italy}) 
Seal of the A Itar of St. Mary. 
22,420. [i6th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix. i| X i| 'n. [cxxxv. 72.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, crowned, seated full-face 
on a cushioned bench-like throne ; holding the Child on the 
r. arm ; in the 1. h. a sceptre fleury. Her mantle fastened on 
the breast with a fermail. 

fii S' ■ ALTARIS • see : MARIG • IN ■ eCCL€SlA • SCI ■ NICH. 
Beaded borders. 



ABBEY OF ST. RESTITUTA, {in Italy ?). 
Bartholomew, Abbot. 

22,421. [14th cent.] Sulph. cast from the matrix pre- 
served in Bodley's Library, Oxford. I J- in. [xlvii. 697.] 

St. Restituta, standing turned slightly to the dcx., crowned, 
in the r. h. a palm branch of martyrdom, in the 1. h. a book. 
^ S' BARTHOLOMei Abb'IS • S ■ ReSTeTVTe. 

Beaded border. 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 421. 



SIENA, Church of St. Christopher, in Italy. 
Jacopo, Rector. 

22,422. [17th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. 2^5- x \\ in. [xxxv. 210.] 

Pointed oval : St. Christopher, with staff, standing turned 
slightly to the dex., bearing the Child on his 1. shoulder ; on a 
carved bracket or corbel. In base a shield of arms : a fess 
betw. three crescents. 

t- S' • lACObl ■ RCCTORIS • GCCe • S'CI ■ CRISTOFORI • 

De seN. 
Beaded borders. 



432 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

22.423. Recent impression in gutta-percha, from the 
matrix, [cix. 70.] 

TERRA FL . . . S, Convent of the Order of the Hermits of 
St. Augustine. 

Seal of the Priory. A.D. 1484. 

22.424. Sulph. cast from an indistinct impression. 2^ x 
l-i in. [xlvii. 728.] 

Pointed oval : a Saint, seated in a niche with canopy and 
side columns pinnacled, and with a lion or other animal 
leaping up at his side. In base a shield of arms : a fess 
rompu. Backgrounds diapered lozengy. 

S' B priorat' 8 st' 8 tcric 8 8 fl . . . s § orB'is 8 
1^"^ 8 S 8 aug °o 1B88. 



Canons of TRACIANO, {in Italy >) 
Andrew, Prior of the " Chanonicar 
22,425. [14th cent] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. 1-5- X f in. [xxxv. 201.] 

Pointed oval : a pelican in her piety, with three young 
birds in a nest on a tree of symmetrical design. 

© S' ANDR€6 PRIORIS CHAN01C6 D' TRACIANO. 
Several pairs of letters conjoined in monogram. 
Beaded borders. 



VENICE, Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem. 
Fr. Leonard de Tibertis, Prior. 

22.426. [a.d. 13 1 5.] Sulph. cast from an indistinct im- 
pression of the obv. 1^ in. [cxxix. 595.] 

The Lion of St. Mark, issuing from waves, with nimbus, 
wings, and an open book. Set in an open panel, betw. two 
shields of arms, dex. dtnanchif, in chief three martlets, sin. 
quarterly, or a cross, betw. uncertain charges. 

fi! S ■ F • LeONARDI D' TIB'TIS • POR' • UeNCTlAB (0. 
D'Arcq, No. 9943. 

Counterseal. 

22.427. Suli)h. ca.st from an indistinct impression of the 
7-e!>. I X \i in. [cxxxv. 9.] 



ITALY : — MONASTIC SEALS. 433 

Oval : impression of an antique oval engraved intaglio gem 
or precious stone cut en caboclwn. CERES, seated on a throne 
in profile to the dex. side, holding in the r. h. two ears of corn, 
in the 1. h. a cornucopia. 

© secRervM « fris « lgonardi sx 

D'Arcq, No. 9943. 



VOL. VL 2 F 



RELIGIOUS ORDERS. 



ORDER OF FRANCISCAN, GREY, ^r MINOR FRIARS. 

Seal of tJie Minister General. A.D. 1351. 
SeeVoX. V., p. 372, No. 18,908. 



Seal of t/ie Province of Calabria Tertia. A.D. 1550. 

22,428. Sulph. cast from a brass matrix. 2Ji- x 2 in. 
[xlvii. 463.] 

Oval : on a platform St. Francis, in religious dress, with 
nimbus, standing turned slightly to the dex., in the r. h. a cross, 
in the 1. h. a rosary. On each side two small figures of angels. 
In the exergue the date 1550. 

« SIG ■ PROVIN • CALABRI/E ■ TER ■ ORDINIS • SAN • FRANCISCI. 
Laing's AfS. Catal., No. 413. 



ORDER OF PREACHING FRIARS. 
General Master. 
See Fr. DOMINIC, General of t lie Order of Preaching Friars. 
13th cent, Vol. v., p. 371, No. 18,906. 



Fr. BartholoMv^jus Texerii, S.T.P. 

22,429. [a.D. 1427.] Plaster cast from a very imperfect 
impression. About 2\ X l| in. when perfect, [cxxii. 10.] 

Pointed oval : Our Lord on the Cross, with cruciform 
nimbus. Overhead the scroll or label. On the dex. side 
St. Dominic, kneeling in adoration. Background replenished 
with sprigs of oak leaves. 

mag . . . [oriBiis * prf . . . 

Beaded borders. 



ITALY :— RELIGIOUS ORDERS. 435 

Ft: GARSYAS DE LOAYSA, S.T.P. 

22.430. [a.D. 1500.] Wafer, covered with paper before 
impression. 3 X i-l in. [Stowe ch. 615.] 

Pointed ova! : Our Lord on the Cross. Overhead an 
inscribed scroll, and above it, a pelican in her piety on the 
summit of the cross. At each side a slip of lily flowers, of 
large proportions, and on the dex. a figure of St. Dominic, 
with hands uplifted in adoration. 

FRATER ■ GARSYAS • DE • LOAYSA ■ MAGISTER • 
ORD> ■ PREDICATOR. 
Beaded borders. 

22.431. Plaster cast, tinted red, from No. 22,430. [xcv. 17.] 



Another seal. 

22.432. [a.D. 1500.] Wafer, covered with paper before 
impression. ^ in. [Stowe ch. 615.] 

A shield of arms : per saltire a cross fleury. On foliage. 
» INIQVOS » ODIO ABVI.-[Psalm. cxviii. ( = c.\ix.) 113.] 

22.433. Plaster cast, tinted red, from No. 22,432. [.xcv. 18.] 



Prior Provincial of the Preaching Friars of the Roman 

Province. 
22,434. [14th cent.] Recent, very indistinct impression 
in red sealing-wa.x from the matri.x. 2 X 14^ in. [cxxx. 21.] 
Pointed oval : half-length figures of St. Paul, with sword, 
on the dex., and St. Peter with keys, on the sin. side. Below, 
under a trefoiled arch with indistinct inscription along 
the curve, St. Dominic, in habit of a monk, holding up a 
long cross betw. the two saints, and receiving a book in the 
!. h. from St. Paul. 

S' • P'ORIS -PVlCIAL FRM • PD' • R0MAN6 -^VINCie. 



Seal of the Ciistodia Maritivia of the Dominicans 

or Preaching Friars. 

See Vol. v., p. 371, No. 18,907. 



SOCIETAS JESU, THE JESUITS, or SOCIETY 

OF JESUS. 

Claudius Aquaviva, Provost. 

22,435. [a.D. 1583.] Red: indistinct. 14 in. Originally 

app. to a document, from which it is now separated, by a 

2 F 2 



436 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

coloured silk plaid, and enclosed, before impression, in a brass 
box. If in. [Add. MS. 6S78, art. 7.] 

The Holy monogram 1 ^ g. Below is a decrescent moon 
betw. two estoiles of six points. The decrescent may possibly 
represent the decrease of Mohammedanism before the spiritual 
forces of the Jesuits. 

W SIGILLVM «. PR/EPOSITI «■ SOCIETATIS «> leSV ■S' 

Carved borders. 

22,436. Plaster cast from No. 22,435. [^^- 'OO.] 



SOCIETAS RECOMMENDATORUM 
VIRGINIS MARIE. 

22,437. [Late 14th cent.] Sulph. cast from the matri.x. 
i| X H in. [D.C., F. 58.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, standing, full-face, crowned, 
with head-dress and ornamented robe, extending the hands 
and arms over two groups of kneeling persons, four figures on 
each side. 

e= S' : SOCI6TATIS • ReCOMDATORVM • VTCINIS : M. 



Uncertain. 
{Perhaps a military Order.) 

22,438. [17th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix. 2 X if in. [1. i.] 

Oval : a figure, full-face, with loin-cloth, cod-piece, and 
flowing mantle, lifting up the r. h. in the act of pronouncing 
benediction. In the 1. h. a standard and pennon ; standing in 
a wine-press or torcidar. Below, on a small shield-shaped 
bracket or entablature the capital letters R. 1. 

© TORCVLAR • CAL • SOU • ET • DE • GEN ■ NO • 

EST • VIR • M€CV. 

( Torcular calcavi solus, ct de gentibus non est vir mecitm.) — Isa. Lxiii. 3. 

Beaded borders. 



LOCAL SEALS. 



ASSISI, {Assisiiim), in Perugia. 
Seal of the City. " Illustrissima et Seraphica Civitas." 

22,439. [a.d. 1748.] Red, ^;/ //.^riJA/, covered with paper, 
cut in form of a shield, before impression. 2 in. [Add. ch. 
13,608.] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms: per pale, dex. a cross, 
sin. a lion rampant. Ensigned with a jewelled coronet upheld 
by seraphs. 

SERAPHICA « CIVITAS. 

Beaded border. 



ASTI, in Italy. 
Seal of the Town. 

22,440. [a.d. 1230.] Sulph. cast from a chipped, some- 
what indistinct impression. 2i in. [cxxvii. 41.] 

St. Secundus, the Patron, with large nimbus, and banner 
flag ornamented with a cross and three wavy streamers, riding 
on a horse springing to the right. In the field over the 
horse's head the letters AS. 

* ASTe : NIT6T : MVNDO : SANC[TOJ : CVSTOD6 : SeCVNDO. 

Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,673. 

Captain ^/CHERASCO and BRA, in Piedmont. 
5?^ Aymonetus RiCHARDl. A.D. 1 395. No. 22,489. 



CHIESURA, in Italy (.'). 
Seal of the Comnintie. 

22.441. [13th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing-wa.x, 
from the matrix, i^r in. [xxxv. 209.] 

An embattled archway with round-headed arch, enclosing 
a hanging lamp or beacon and two keys. 

* S' i CHOMVNIS : DG : CHieSURG. 

Note that it was the privilege of crenellating or embattling,' the town- 
walls which gave to the town communal rights. .See A. Thierry, Lctlres 
sur l^Histoire de France ; Paris. 8vo. 1842. 

22.442. Recent impression in gutta-percha from the luatri.x. 
[cxxx. 17.] 



438 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



COLLE, or CASTRUM SANCTI ANGELI IN COLLE, 

near Florence. 
22,443. [13th cent.] Recent impression in black sealing- 
wax, from a metal matrix. i4- in. [xliii. 140.] 

Michael the Archangel, with nimbus, and open wings, 
walking to the dcx., with banner flag held obliquely before 
him. 

* S' CASTRI SCI ANG6LI IN COLLe ' : 

Cf. Ughclli, Italia Sacra, toni. iii., p. 203. 



FLORENCE {Civitas Florentiiioniiu). 
Office of the Quatnor Botii Viri of the City. 

22,444. I 14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. i-yV i"- [xxxv. 211.] 

The " Four Good Men " seated at a bench ; overhead, a 
seeded fleur-de-lrs. Central pellet. 

^ S' OFFITII ■ QVATTVOR • BONOR • VIROR • 
CIVITATIS ■ FLOR6NTINOR. 

Some pairs of letters conjoined in monogram. 
Inner border carved and ornamented with small quatrefoils, 
outer border beaded. 



CITY OF GENOA. 

See Archbishop of Genoa, No. 22,327. 



Captain i/ISCHIA, in Northern Italy. 

See Rainutius de Farnexio, No. 22,476, 
in the section of Heraldic Seals. 



MILAN {Mediolannw). 

Seal of the " Universitas Mercatoruni," used by the 
" Consnlles Merchatornm Mediolani'' 

Q>1,AAb. [A.D. 1428.] Yellow, covered with a square piece 
of paper before impression : somewhat indistinct, en placard. 
i\ in. [Add. ch. 15,247.] 

A lion rampant, the tail turned inwards. Background 



ITALY : — LOCAL SEALS. 439 



replenished with sprigs or ermine spots ; under the forepavv 
of the h'on the initial letter ttt. 

fis ■ S' VNlVeRSITATIS ■ MCATOR ■ ML'I. 



PALAZZOLO, or PALAZZUOLO, in Italy. 

Court of the Castle. 

22,446. [iSth cent.] Plaster cast from an indistinct 
matrix, i^ in. [cxxxvii. 6y^ 

A shield of arms : barry of ten. Above the shield an 
antelope statant. Betw. two triple branches of foliage at the 
sides. 

* SIGILLLf • CURie ■ CASTRI ■ D' PALA'HOLIS. 

Beaded borders. 



Town of ST. STEFFANO, or STEPHANO, in Italy (?). 

22,447. Recent impression in red sealing-wax from the 
matrix. 2| X if in. [xciv. i.] 

Pointed oval : three carved niches with heavy canopies, 
pinnacled and crocketed, containing the Virgin Mary, crowned, 
with the Child on the r. knee, sitting with the feet on a 
platform, betw. standing figures of an archbishop with mitre 
and cross on the dex., and an abbot or bishop with mitre and 
crozier on the sin. side. The sides ornamented with open 
tabernacle work. In base, under an arch, an ecclesiastic 
kneeling to the front, praying, with a label inscribed : — - 
Da fflortam >« OCO. Betw. two shields of arms : dex. a cross 
flory, sin. a maunch. 

» % SiatUum * * * J Hi % ftrffanr t 

Beaded border. 



SCATONA, in the Papal States, Italy (?). 
Seal of the Commune. 

22,448. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red scaling- 
wa.x, from the brass matrix preserved in the Dcpt. of British 
anS Mediaeval Antiquities, if in. [xxxv. 208.] 

A shield of arms, or gonfanon, charged with an cstoilc of 
eight points. 

© S • C-OMVNI-S ; S-CG TON-e •:• 

Beaded bordcr.s. 



440 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Captain of SIENA. 

See MiCHELETTUS DE AtTENDOLIS, No. 22,461, 
in the section of Heraldic Seals. 



City of SYRACUSE, in Sicily. 

22,449. [a.D. 1584.] Plaster cast from the wafer im- 
pression of the seal (in Add. MS. 28,402, fol. i.) 2 in. 
[cxxxii. 43.] 

A tower or castle, of two storeys, embattled and masoned, 
with portal and windows. Ensigned with a jewelled coronet 
of five fleurs-de-lis in sight. At each side of the upper storey 
a pip-shaped shield of arms : KINGDOM OF SiClLY. In base, 
and at each side of the lower storey, symmetrical floral 
ornaments of elegant arabesque patterns. 

* SIRACVSA « CIVITAS « FIDELISSIMA « 



TUSCANY. 

Letter Seal of the Imperial and Royal Secretaryship 
OF the Grand Duchy for Foreign Affairs. 

22,450. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matrix, ij x 1-5- in. [.xlix. 73.] 

Oval : on the Star of an Order, ensigned with a grand 
ducal crown, and encircled with the collars of the Orders of 
the Golden Fleece and of St. Stephen of Austria, a 
shield of arms : quarterly ; i. per pale, HUNGARY (Ancient) 
and (Modern) ; 2. Bohemia ; 3. Burgundy (Dukes) ; 
4. Bar. The escutcheon over all bears, tiered in pale, 
Lorraine, Austria, and Medicis, ensigned with a royal 
crown. 

IMP • E R ■ SEGRETARIA DEGLI AFFARI ESTERI. 

All within a border of foliage. 



Island of VEGlxlK, in I stria {now in Austria). 
Official Seal of the Justice of the Peace. 

22,451. [c. A.D. 1765-1790.] Recent impression in red 
.'caling-wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of 
British and Mediseval Antiquities. i-J in. [xxxv. 187.] 

The Imperial device of the Kingdom of Italy for the 
Emperor JOSEPH, viz., on a mantle lined ermine, and ensigned 



ITALY : — LOCAL SEALS. 44I 

with a crown, two long axes, in saltire, tied to the mantle ; 
on them an eagle displayed, grasping a thunderbolt, and 
charged on the breast with an oval escutcheon bearing a 
crown, within a pearled bordure. 

* REGNO D' ITALIA ® R° GIVDICE Dl PACE Dl VEGLIA. 

22.452. Recent impression in gutta-percha from the 
matrix, [cix. 71.] 

VENICE. 

Official Seal of tlie Advocatores Communis Venetiarum. 

22.453. [a.D. 1653.] Wafer, en placard, covered with 
paper before impression : very indistinct. \\% in. [Add. ch 
7901.] 

The lion of St. Mark, with nimbus and wings. 

e= * SIGILLVM Ss ADVOCARIE * 



A Seal or Satirical Medal of I "eiiice. 

22.454. [16th cent] Leaden : well preserved. i-| in. 
[xlv. 50.] 

0. A grotesque bust in profile to the sin., vested, and 
wearing a tufted cap. 

» SANTVS MARIA GRACI. 

R. Two animals, perhaps a cat and a bear, dancing 
together. 

^ SANTVS MARCVS VeNSCI. 

Probably a forgery. 

22.455. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 22,454. [cxvi. 90, 91.] 



HERALDIC SEALS. 



Raynerius, al. Rinierus Abbas, 

Merchant of Florence. 

22.456. [a.D. 1261.] Plaster casts from an imperfect im- 
pression. I- in. [cxxxvi. 52, 53.] 

0. A shield of arms : a bend fretty or diapered lozengy (to 
represent a tincture) betw. two cotices. Betw. two estoiles of 
six points. Within a trilobe or carved trefoil panel ornamented 
with small countersunk trefoil openings on the spandrils. 

[*] SIGCILUVM : R . . . . 

R. A small oval counterseal. | X ^ in. Impression of an 

antique oval engraved intaglio gem or precious stone. A 

winged GENIUS riding on a sea-horse, and holding a trident. 

* : [CONTIRA : S' : RINI6RI. 
Beaded borders. 

22.457. [a.D. 1262.] Plaster casts from a good but chipped 
impression, [cxxxvi. 54, 55.] 

p. ra SJIGILLVM : R !* . . . ATI . . 

R. S» : CONTRA : S' : RINIGRI. 



Johannes Archio, of Italy (?) . 

22,458. [14th cent.] Sulph. cast from a good impression 
of the matrix preserved in the Rawlinson Collection, Bodley's 
Library, Oxford. | in. [xlvii. 1419.] 

A shield of arms : an anvil (?). 

S> S' lOH'IS ARCHIONIS. 
Beaded borders. 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 459- 



Raynuttius Ardengi, 
Citizen and Merchant of Florence. 
22,459. [a.D. 1263.] Plaster casts from an imperfect im- 
pression. About J in. when perfect, [cxxxvi. 71, 72.] 



ITALY: — HERALDIC SEALS. 443 

0. A stag's head cabossed, with a shield of arms : barry of 
eight ; betw. the attires. On each side a sprig of foliage. 

^ GHI *< 

Beaded borders. 

R. An oval counterseal. I X -[-3^ in. Impression of an 
antique oval engraved intaglio gem or precious stone, bearing 
a gryllus or fantastic composite figure composed of a human 
face in profile to the sin., the head and feet of a cock, e/c. 

a CONt • S NG. 

Beaded borders. 



G Artaudi, ca//ed Collomarci, Notary. 

22,460. [13th cent.] Sulph. cast from a good impres- 
sion, i^ in. [xlvii. 1205.] 

A shield of arms : three palets, on a chief as many fleurs- 
de-lis. 

* S : G' : ARTAVDI D COLLOMARCI : NO. 

The letters ar in COLLOMARCi conjoined in mongram. 
Cabled border. 
Laing's MS. CalaL, No. 107. 



Michelettus de Attendolis, Comes Cotignola, 
Captain of the City of Siena. 

22,461. [a.D. 1432.] Wafer, en placard, covered with 
paper before impression. J in. [Cott. ch. xxii. 10.] 
A shield of arms : a lion rampant. On foliage. 



Camillus Austriacus, Corri Princeps; Prince of Con, 
ill Velletri} Italy. 
22,462. [17th cent] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the brass matrix preserved in the Dept. of British 
and Mediaeval Antiquities. If X i in. [xx.xv. 28. j 

Oval : an ornamentally carved shield of arms : quarterly ; 
I, 4. an eagle displayed, crowned, for TYROL (.'), 2, 3. a lion 
rampant crowned with a pheon like crown, for Hapsburg (?). 
Over all an escutcheon charged with a fcss, the arms of 
Austria {Hauswappen). Ensigned with a duke's coronet of 
five fleurs-de-lis in sight. Supporters two cherubs. 
CAMILLVS : AVSTRIAGVS : CORRI : PRINCEPS. 
Beaded border. 



444 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



22,463. Sulph. cast from the matrix. [D.C., H. 151.] 



Johannes Joachim de Bassano, Dominus 

Vallium, of Italy (?). 

22,464. [i6thcent.] Red: if in. [xliii. 154.] 
0. A shield of arms : a lion rampant, crowned. On an 
eagle displayed. 

© lOHANNES : lOACHlM : DE BASSANO : DOMINVS : VALLIVM. 

B. A smaller round counterseal. ^ in. A shield of arms : 
quarterly; i, 4. a lion rampant; 2, 3. a chief indented. 
Within an engrailed or cusped panel. 

Beaded border. 



Stephen, broHier of Galvano Becchi, or Bechy, 
of Florence. 

22.465. [a.d. 1302.] Red : indistinct. \ in. Add. ch. 
61 14.] 

A shield of arms : a bend bretess^e. On a branch of foliage, 
with two small wyverns at the sides. 

© 8' ■ STeFANl ■ BGCHY • De ■ FLOReNCIA. 

22.466. Brownish-red. Originally app. to a document 

by a parchment label, [xxxvi. 85.] 



Jainicius Boemundi, Citizen and Merchant 
of Florence. 

22,467. [a.d. 1266.] Plaster cast from a good but very 
imperfect impression. About i in. when perfect, [cxxxvi. 
63, 64.] 

0. An ibex, antelope, or long-horned goat statant. Back- 
ground replenished with sprigs of foliage. Within a sixfoil 

panel. 

^ 1 ■ BVI . . . . 

R. A smaller round counterseal. VV '"• diam. A shield 
of arms : a ladder, and a chief. Above the shield an estoile 
of eight points, on each side a sprig of foliage. 

© • STS' • GIANV .... 
Beaded borders. 



ITALY : — HERALDIC SEALS. 445 



Angelerius Bonelli, Citizen and Merchant 

of Florence. 

22,468. [a.D. 1263.] Plaster cast from a good but very 
imperfect impression. About |- in. when perfect, [cxxxvi. 

65, ^ei] 

0. An angel issuing from above delivering to a damoiselle 
a shield of arms : a saltire lozengy. In a niche with arcade 
of four pointed and trefoiled arches, supported on slender 
shafts and ornamented with a canopy of ecclesiastical archi- 
tecture. In base, an arch with fleury finial of an arch, the 
rest broken away. 

Legend wanting. 

R. A small round counterseal. \ in. diam. A cross betw. 
four pellets and enclosed in a circle. 

* S' . . . . GGLeRII • BONGLLe. 

Beaded borders. 



Ceccho de Bostichi, of Italy (?). 

22,469. [14th cent.] Sulph. cast from an indistinct im- 
pression, f in. [D.C., F. 353.] 

A shield of arms : three swords bendwise in fess, a chief 
diapri'. Within an elaborately carved rosette of tracery. 
fi! S' + CeCCHO + D6 + BOSTICHI. 

Beaded borders. 



Marquises of Brignola-Sala, of Genoa. 

22,470. [Modern]. Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matrix. I in. [xlix. 86.] 

Octagonal : on carved scrolls a shield of arms : per pale, 
dcx. a tree eradicated, with a lion rampant, crowned, holding 
the trunk in the left paw, sin. a lion crowned, holding a latin 
cross of the second, Brignola. Ensigned with the coronet 
of a marquis. Supporters, two lions rampant reguardant. 



Aldebrandinus Burnetti, of the Company or Society of 

Jacobus, Augutius, atid Caklinus Gilberti, 

sous of the /rt/c Gilbert, Citisen and 

Merchant of Florence. 

22,471. [a.D. 1263.] Plaster cast from a good but chipped 
impression. About i in wlicn perfect, [c.vxxvi. 44.] 



446 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



A shield of arms : bendy nebuly of eight. Supported by 
two angels. Above the shield a triple branch bearing three 
quatrefoil flowers. Under a trefoiled arch with church-like 
canopy. Below, an arcade of two arches, pointed and tre- 
foiled with church-like canopy, covering two wyverns addorsed 
reguardant. 

LDO 

Beaded borders. 



Counts De Corso (?). 

22,472. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matrix. -5% X -jS^ in. [xlix. 88.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : two swords in saltire, hilts down- 
ward, in chief an estoile. Over the shield a coronet of nine 
pearls. 

Doubtful if correctly named. 



Princes Doria-Pamphili, of Genoa. 

22,473. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix, f x 4- in. [xliv. 90.] 

On a saltire (perhaps two batons crossed in saltire) a shield 
of arms : per pale, dex., quarterly ; i, 4. coupe, an eagle dis- 
played, crowned, beaked, membered and langued, i-/;/. DORIA ; 
2. a dove, in its beak an olive branch, or a chief three fleurs- 
de-lis, PaMFILI ; 3. uncertain, sin., a lion rampant. On a 
helmet affrontee and mantling, a Prince's crown. In base, on 
a ribbon the motto : — 

OPTIMA PANDES. 



Domenico Erizo, of Venice, Merchant-Stranger 
resident in London. 

22.474. [a. D. 1544.] Red : imperfect. About | x^ in. when 
perfect. From a ring with mark of the setting. [Harl. ch. 

77 F- 25-] 

Oval : a shield of arms : on a bend, in chief a hedge-pig, 

in point (a sword ?) for Erizzo, of Venice. Crest on a 

helmet and ornamental mantling, a mermaid with two tails, 

grasping them in her hands. 

22.475. [A.n. 1544.] Red: a fragment. [Harl. ch. 78 C. 31] 



ITALY :— HERALDIC SEALS. 447 

Rainutius de Farnexio, al. Farnese, Captain of 

Ischia in Northern Italy. 

22,476. [15th cent.] Red, f« /"/atrrtr^^, covered with paper 
before impression. ^ in. [Cott. eh. xxv. 21.] 

A shield of arms : sein^-de-lis, Farnese. Betw. three pairs 
of sprigs or leaves. 



Pier Feci. 

22,477. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. \ in. [xxxv. 200.] 

A shield of arms : per saltire, in chief an estoile of six 
points. Over the shield an impression of an imperfect 
antique oval intaglio gem or precious stone, engraved with 
the subject of an eagle and snake in combat. Supporters, 
two wyverns. 

SIGILLVM ■ PI6RI ■ FeCI. 

Beaded borders. 



Manent Fraunceis, Merchant of Florence. 

22,478. [a.D. 1328.] Red: fine, very imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect. [Harl. ch. 45 E. 37.] 

A shield of arms : chequy. Within a starlike panel of 
eight trefoiled points. 

Legend betw. the points : — 

S' MANCNTI ISI D'RI . . . ? 



Lottus Hugolini, al. Ugolini, Citizen and Merchant 
of Siena, {Civ is ct M creator Senensis). 

22,479. [a.D. 1267.] Plaster cast from a good but very 
imperfect impression. About -L|^ in. when perfect, [cxxxvi. 57.] 

A shield of arms : barry nebuly of six. Supporters, two 
birds addorsed reguardant. Within a sixfoil panel, orna- 
mented with countersunk trefoiled openings in the spandrils. 

.... LOTO : UGOLIN . . 

Beaded borders. 



448 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Rainerius Jacobi Ranucchini, Citizeti and 
Merchant of Siena, {Civ is et mercator Senensis). 

22,480. [a.D. 1262.] Plaster cast from a good impression. 
I in. [cx.xxvi. 46.] 

An oval shield of arms : a bend bretessh cowrsXtx -bretessee. 
Above it, in a trefoiled panel or trilobe, an angel descending, 
half-length ; below, in a niche with trefoiled arch, the owner of 
the seal, in profile to the sin., kneeling in prayer. On each 
side an elegantly designed wavy sprig of foliage with tendrils. 

S' RANeRII : lACOBI : RANVCCHINI. 



Bartolomeo Michaelli. 

22,481. [14th cent.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
If in. [D.C., F. 332.] 

A shield of arms : barry of six, charged with twenty-one 
roundles in pile, six, five, four, three, two, and one, for MiCHAELL 
On foliage and flowers. Within a pointed quatrefoil panel, 
ornamented with four pairs of annulets in the spandrils. 

ei SIGILLUM : BARTOLOMei ; MICHAeLLI : 



Munaldiscus, Doininus Munaldisci. 

22,482. [13th cent.] Sulph. cast from a good impression, 
chipped at the base. U + I f in. [D.C., E. 349.] 

Shield-shaped : a shield of arms : quarterly ; per fess 
dancett^e. 

© S' : MVNALDISCI ■ DNI ■ MVNALDISCl. 



Odofredus, j<7« (9/ Z'^w. Franciscus de Odofredis. 
22,483. [15th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax from a brass matrix in possession of Captain Elwes, of 
Oxford. 14- in. [1. 4.] 

A shield of arms : three eagles displayed, two and one. 
On foliage. 

* S' ■ ODOFReDI ■ D ■ FRACISCI • D' ■ 0D0FR6DIS. 
Beaded borders. 



ITALY :— HERALDIC SEALS. 449 



Angelo Pacca. 
22,484. [14th cent.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
A in. [D.C., F. 344] 

A shield of aims : barry nebuly of six. Betw. three 

branches of foliage. 

* S' ANGCLI ■ PACCA. 



Counts De Palmella (?). 

22,485. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax from the matrix. -^ in. [xli.x. 104.] 

Square signet: a shield of arms: quarterly; I, 4. a 
wyvern or cockatrice, sejant ; 2, 3. three acorns, slipped and 
leaved, two and one ; over all an escutcheon charged with a 
fret or fer-de-moulin, ensigned with a crown. The shield 
surmounted by a coronet of nine pearls. Supporters, on 
carved scrolls, two lions rampant reguardant, double queued. 



Lippus, Dominns Pelacani. 

22.486. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. I^ X i in. [xxxv. 207.] 

Pointed oval : a shield of arms : per saltire. Supported by 
two hounds standing erect. 

* SIGILLVM •;• LIPPI * DRI • PeLACANI. 
Beaded borders. 

22.487. Recent impression in gutta-percha from the 
matri.K. [cxxx. 22.] 



Tlie Noble Boniface de Provana, of Sabbione, 
in Piedmont. 

* 22,488. [a.D. 1402.] Red : somewhat indistinct. I-^ in. 
[Add. ch. 5830.] 

A shield of arms : a vine-branch with six leaves and three 
bunches of grapes, Provana, of Sabbione. Within an orle 
or border of small devices resembling crosses or ermine spots. 

^ S' BONIFACIVS ^*». DG • '». PROVANA «< 

Beaded borders. 

VOL. VI. 2 G 



450 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Aymonetus Richardi, called Nurry, Capitanens 
Claraschi et Brayde {Cherasco and Bra in Piedmont), Italy. 

22,489. [a.d. 1395.] Red : imperfect, injured by pressure. 
About i:^ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 14,057.] 

A shield of a.rms, conc/u' : two bends. Crest on a helmet 
and wreath, an ass's head. Supporters, two Hons sejant 
guardant. The background replenished with sprigs of foliage. 

. . . emonnrtti . . . . rr . . . 



Alberto Richi, of Italy. 

22,490. [13th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha, 
imperfect, from the matrix. 14- X l^- in. [xlvii. 1229.] 
Shield-shaped : a shield of arms : an eagle displayed. 

C* S' AL]BER * TO RICHI. 
Laing's MS. Catal., No.. 54:. 



B S , A.D. 1570. 

22,491. Sulph. cast from a good impression, i in. [D.C., 
H. 116.] 

A shield of arms : on a mount a tree eradicated, thereon a 
bird, on the dex. side a lion rampant contourne, the tail curved 
inwards. Above the shield, the date 1570. At the sides, the 
capital letters B. S. 

Cabled borders. 

Doubtful if Italian. 



Johannes de Scaletta, of Italy. 

22,492. [13th cent] Plaster cast from a good impression. 
iJ^ in. [xc. 10.] 

A shield of arms : lozengy, a chief Over the shield an 
oval compartment containing impression of an antique oval 
engraved intaglio gem or precious stone, bearing a bust of 
a youth, full-face, with long curled hair. 

^ S' lOHANNIS : DG : SCALeTTA : *« 

Beaded borders. 



ITALY :— HERALDIC SEALS. 451 

Philip, Duke of Sforza, etc. 

Philippus Sfortia Csesarinus Sabellus 

Perettus Montaltus Cabrera 

Bobadilla de Comitibus, Magiias Hispaiiiarnm 

Priiiui; Classis ; Princeps Romanus, et Sacri Roviani 

Imperii; Caroli III. Hisp. Regis, et Ferdinandi lY. Regis 

Utr. Sicil. Qcbicularitis Intiums ; ac Eqiies Rcgalis 

Orel S. Jaimarii, XV. Comes S. Florcs ; Princeps Cynthiani 

et Venafri ; Comes CliincJiioni et Celani ; Dux 

Marsontm, Sign ice, Civitatis iiovce, Ginestrce, et Tiirricellce ; 

Marchio Civitatis Lavinice, Ardece, Montis Causarii, 

Varci, Cecimce, Menconici, Cella, Turris Clares, Basilica: nova, 

Frassi, et Castri Arqiiati, etc., ac 

Senatus Populique Romani Perpetuus Confalonerius, etc. 

22,493. [a.d. 1762.] Wafer, en placard, covered before 
impression with paper cut in ornamental shapes. 2\ in. 
[Add. ch. 12,826.] 

A shield of arms of ornamental shape : quarterly ; i. coupt', 
a. an eagle displayed, b. a bear passant at the foot of a column 
to which it is chained, for C.-ESARINI, of Rome ; 2. a lion 
rampant holding the branch of a pear-tree bearing three pears, 
over all on a bend vouti'e, in chief a comet, in base a tertre, 
for Peretti, of Rome ; and Montalte, of France; 3. conpt', 
a. two lions rampant combatant holding a rose whereon is a 
bird, b. bendy of eight or four bends ; over all on a fess a 
serpent undt.', for Savelli, of Venice ; 4. quarterly of seven 
pieces, four in chief and three in base ; i. a tower ; ii. a lion 
rampant ; iii. an eagle displayed ; iv. as i ; v. billctty, a lion 
rampant reguardant ; vi. as i ; vii. as 3. Over all an escutcheon, 
per pale, dex. a lion rampant holding a quince, for Sforza, 
sin. three flies. Crest, out of a ducal coronet of five leaves in 
sight, a double-headed eagle displayed. All on a mantle, 
guttce, ensigned with a ducal coronet and cap, and tied up in 
a bunch at each side. At each side of the shield, a cornucopia 
of fruit and flowers encircled with a guivre swallowing a 
child, in allusion to the armorial bearings of MILAN ; and 
also five banner flags ; the topmost inscribed S P Q R. The 
others respectively S. P. Q. and R. The shield is also sur- 
rounded by a collar of the ORDER OF St. Januarius (?). 

PHILIPPVS • SFORTIA • DVX • CESARINVS • SABELLVS • 
PERETTVS ■ CABRERA. 

Border carved with classical foliage. 



2 G 2 



452 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Ligorius Sichimarii, of Italy. 

22,494. [13th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from the matrix. i-Jg- in. [xlvii. 1226.] 

A shield of arms : two bars compony. Betw. three triple 
sprays of foliage. 

^ S' LIGORIl SICHIMARII. 

Beaded borders. 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 543. 



Gerardus Siminetti. 

22,495. [a.d. 1397.] Plaster cast from a good impression. 
I X f in. [xc. 41.] 

Oval : a .shield of arms coupe, the chief part fretty. 
Suspended by the strap from a tree of three branches. 
Supporters two wyverns sans wings, addorsed. 

» J S' • GGRARDI J SIMIN6TTI : 
Beaded borders. 



Spinellus Syminetti, or Simonetti. 
Citizen and Merchant of Florence. 

22,496. [a.d. 1263.] Plaster casts from a very imperfect 
impression. About iJ X I in. when perfect [cxxxvi. 69, 70.] 
0. Oval : a saint, standing, turned slightly to the sin. side, 
with nimbus. On his breast an initial letter L. 

Tl : 

B. A small round counterseal. ^ in. A shield of arms : 
charges illegible. 

* S • S LI : SIM0N6TTI. 

Beaded borders. 



Sir John Bartholomew Tisson, 

or Titionus, Count de Decian, Ambassador from the 

Emperor of Germany to England. 

22,497. [a.d. 1 5 16.] Red: fairly well preserved, i^ in. 
[Add. ch. 1520.] 

An ornamental shield of arms, coupe: a. an eagle displayed ; 
b. paly of six. Crest on a helmet, wreath, and ornamental 
mantling of foliage, an uncertain device, perhaps a bust, with 
long tall cap and a pair of scales. 

•:■ 10 : BARTH : TICI •■ CO : De : er : GLA. 



ITALY : — HERALDIC SEALS. 453 

Uncertain. 

22.498. [17th cent.] Leaden bulla: imperfect, indistinct. 
Al*)ut I in. when perfect. Originally app. by strands of red 
silk to a document, [xliii. 156.] 

0. A carved oval shield of arms: tiered en pal. i. 
Lorraine ; 2. Austria {Hausivappen) ; 3. Medici. 
R. The inscription : — 

D 

• RAD ■ 

. . OFAN . . 

« 
Pearled borders. 

22.499. Another. 

li D 

. . radi 

. . . OFANI 



Cf. No. 22,450, for the heraldry. 



REPRESENTATIONS OF 
SAINTS, ETC. 



Bando Aldebrandini, Citizen and Merchant of Siena 
{Civ is et Mercator Senensis). 

22,500. [a.d. 1271.] Plaster casts from a good but chipped 
impression. About i^ X | in. when perfect, [cxxxv. 24, 25.] 

0. Oval : on a terrasse, a virgin or saint, seated on a chair- 
like throne, caressing a large hound beneath a tree. 

S BANDO 
ALDOBRA 



Beaded borders. 

R. A smaller oval counterseal. f X f in. Impression of 
an antique oval engraved intaglio gem or precious stone. On a 
platform or terrasse a dwarf carrier with two baskets on a 
yoke, walking to the right. 

« MAT6R • Dei ■ MeiVieNTO : M6I : 

Beaded borders. 



Johannes Bellus, of Florence, Notary. 

22.501. [tr/zr. A.D. 1254.] Dark-green : indistinct, imperfect. 
About i-| X f in. when perfect. [Harl. ch. 45 H. 47.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary, seated, the Child on the 
1. arm. 

^ AVG • MARIA • G[R]A • PLENA ■ D' • TGC. 

Inner border cusped in a rough way to represent a quatrefoil 
panel. 

Franciscus Guidi, Citizen and Merchant of Siena 
(Civis et Mercator Senensis). 

22.502. [a.d. 1262.] Plaster cast from a good but chipped 
impression. |- in. [cxxxix. 47.] 

A seraph, with human face and three pairs of wings, after 
the conventional manner of representing these celestial beings. 
Within a cusped panel or bordure. 

[* SI]GILL' • FRANCISCI • GVIDI -DC ' 



ITALY: — REPRESENTATIONS OF SAINTS, ETC. 455 

Aldobrandino, or Aldebrandinus Orlandi, 

Citizen of Florence. 

22,503. [a.D. 1260.] Sulph. casts from a good but chipped 
impression. About i^ Xf in. when perfect, [cxx.xvi. 30, 31.] 

0. Oval : Michael the Archangel, with a shield charged 
with an eagle displayed, standing on the dragon and piercing 
his head with a long staff. 

ra SIGIILLVM • ALDOBRANDINO : OR . . . . 

R. A smaller oval counterseal. \ Y.^ in. Impression of 
an antique oval engraved intaglio gem or precious stone, 
bearing a representation of Jupiter, helmeted, seated on a 
throne, at his side an eagle. 

S! S' A Nl • ORLANDI. 

Beaded borders. 



22,504. Plaster casts from another good but imperfect 
impression, [cxxxvi. 34, 35.] 

0. S= SIGILLV NDINO : ORCLA3ND1 : 

R. The gem used alone, without the legend. 
For another seal of this person, see among Miscellaneous 
Devices, further on, No. 22,514. 



Spinellus Syminetti, (7/ /^/w^//C(?. a.d. 1263. 
See No. 22,496. 



SEALS BEARING 
MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES. 



Paolo d'Angelo, a Prefect. 

22,505. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the brass matrix preserved in the Dept. of British 
and Mediaeval Antiquities, i in. [xxxv. 369.] 

A tree of three branches, symmetrically designed, with an 
opening bud at the summit of each stalk. 

© S' ■ PAVLI ■ D • ANGGLO • PR€FeTO. 



Salvagius Bellindoti, 
Citizen and Meirliant of Florence. 

22,506. \circ. A.D. 1 260-1 270.] Plaster casts from a frag- 
mentary impression. About i in. when perfect, [cxxxvi. 

50.51-] 
0. Only the leg of a lion, and a cinquefoil flower remain. 

II : B 

B. A smaller round counterscal. About -f in. diam. when 

perfect. An eagle displayed. 

Sj S TIS . . . 

Beaded borders. 



Jacobus Bonafredi, 

Citizen and Alercliant of Florence. 

22,507. [a.D. 1261.] Plaster casts from a fragmentary im- 
pression. About I X 4- in- when perfect, [cxxxvi. 48, 49.] 

0. Oval : an ornamental wheel-cross with pearled border, 
betw. four wyverns. 

NAFCTe • KAR .... 

Inner border beaded. 

B. A small oval counterseal. -J X | in. A bearded bust 
in profile to the sin. side. 

* S' SeCR6TI : I RRI. 

Beaded borders. 



ITALY; — SEALS BEARING MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES. 457 

Antonio Carsidoni, of Florence, Merchant of London. 

22,508. [a.d. 1544.] Red. About i X -rV i"- [Harl. ch. 
7Z C. 31.] 

Oval signet : a bust, in profile to the dex. side, draped. 



Zanobius Donati de Kastello. 
Seal used by WILLIAM FremeswortH of co. Buckingham. 

22,509. [a.d. 1364.] Red: on a mass of bronze-green : 
good, slightly chipped. \ in. [Harl. ch. 85 E. 21.] 

A cross crosslet interlaced with a square. Within a carved 
and traced pointed quatrefoil panel ornamented along the 
inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

SS S' : D6 : SYGNO : ZANOBI : DONATI : D6 : KAST€LLO. 



Karlinus Gilbert!, Citizen of Florence. 

22.510. [a.d. 1260.] Plaster casts from a good but im- 
perfect impressron. 1 1 X I in. when perfect, [cxxxvi. 28, 29.] 

0. Oval : eagle displayed. 

© : SIGILLVM : KAtRLllNI : GHIBGCRT]!. 

B. A smaller oval counterseal. -tb X -^ in. Impression of 
an antique oval engraved intaglio gem or precious stone. 
Bust of a goddess with filleted head-dress, or cap, tied under 
chin, couped at the neck. 

«■ SeCR6TVM • KARLIN'. 

Beaded borders. 

22.511. [a.d. 1260.] Plaster cast from another imperfect 
impression, [cxxxvi. 32, 33 ] 

0. Legend wanting. 

R. ^r secReTVM ■ karlin'. 



Jacopo Mello (?). 
22,512. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax from a matrix. \^ in. [Slo. ch. xxxiv. 78 G.] 
A cross fleury of rough design. 

© ■ S ■ lACO MGLLO. 



45S CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Jacobus Nicholai, seal nsed for himself and RemichiuS 

Remicij, Alercluiuts of tlie Company or Society 

of the Bardi of Florence. 

22,513. [a. D. 1332.] Red : fragments. [Harl. ch.43 E. 12.] 
Apparently only small portions of tracery. 



Aldebrandinus Orlandi, of the Company or Society 

(/ J.VCOBUS DlN.\NZATl, and others. Citizens and 

Merchants of Florence. 

22,514. [a.d. 1259.] Plaster cast from a fine but imper- 
fect impression. About If X l^ in. when perfect, [c.xxxvi. 26.] 

Oval : a bowman, standing beneath a tree, shootingr at a 
stag at speed to the sin. side. 

[© SIDGILLVM ■ AL[DeBRA]NDINI OCRLANDII 

Beaded borders. 



Adam, nomine Pastoreli. 
22,515. [14th cent] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
If in. [xlvii. 1222.] 

An Agnus Dei reguardant contonnu', with banner flag of 
three streamers, charged lozengy. Below the figure, a fleur- 
de-lis. 

* S ADe N PASTORGLI. 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 108. 



Johannes Placentini, a Notary. 

22,516. [Late 13th cent.] Sulph. cast from a good im- 
pression, li in. [D.C., E. 655.] 
A double-headed eagle displayed. 

© S lOANIS • PLACetlNI ■ NOT. 
Beaded borders. 



Guido Portynary, Merchant of Florence. 

22,517. [a.d. 1 5 13.] Red, en placard, the paper of the 
deed being folded over the wax previous to impression. \ in. 
[L.F.C. viii. 20.] 

The initial letter R. 

Beaded border. 



ITALY : — SEALS BEARING MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES. 459 

Dom. Vianesius de Lavello Longo. 

22,518. [14th cent.] Sulph. cast from an indistinct im- 
pression. I^ in. [xlvii. 1231.] 

This design appears to represent a stream of water flowing 
into a bowl or vessel which is overflowing. 

^ S' DNT • VIAN6SII • D LA • VeLLO • LONGO. 

Laing's MS. Ca/aL, No. 1298. 



Uncertaiti. 

22,519. [13th cent.] Sulph. cast from an indistinct im- 
pression. I| X I in. [Ixxiii. 8.] 
Oval : an eagle displayed. 

tl, SIGIL • LO . . . S . . . T • De ■ SA . . R . . . 



THE NETHERLANDS: 
BELGIUM AND HOLLAND. 



BELGIUM. 



STATE SEALS. 



GREAT SEAL OF THE STATES GENERAL OF THE 

UNITED PROVINCES OF 

HOLLAND, ZEALAND, ETC., IN BELGIUM. 

22.520. [a.d. 1585.] Red: injured by pressure, indistinct 
in parts. 5I in. [Cott. ch. xii. 61.] 

0. A lion rampant, enraged, crowned with a jewelled coronet 
with three strawberry leaves alternated with two pearls. In 
the dex. paw a sword, in the sin. a sheaf of arrows, eight and 
eight, ranged parallel wise, in saltire banded and labelled. 
On the band the motto : — CONCORDIA. 

« SIGILLVM ORDINVM BELGll. 

Inner border cabled. 

B. A smaller countcrseal. 3Jin. diam. A ^er. hand, issuing 
from clouds holding a sheaf of arrows, banded, inscribed and 
labelled as on the obv. 

* SIGILLVM ORDINVM BELGll ADVERSVM. 

Inner border cabled. 

22.521. Sulph. cast from the rev. of No. 22,520. [D. C, 
H. 179] 



" ORDINES GENERALES UNITARUM BELGll PRO- 

VINCIARUM NOMINE GELRI.ffiI, HOLLANDI^E, 

WESTFRISI.ffi3QUE, ZELANDI.iE, ULTRAJECTI, 

FRISIiE, TRANSISALANI.^ ATQUE 

GRONINGiE." 

Signet or Sviall Seal. 

22,522. [a.d. 1659.] Red : en placard, very imperfect. 
About I X f in. when perfect. [Sloan, ch. xxxii. 57.] 

A lion rampant, holding a sword and bundle of arrows, as 
in the previous seal, No. 22,520. 



464 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

FEODAL COURT OP HOLLAND AND WEST- 
FRIESLAND. 

22.523. [a.d. 1676.] Red : imperfect. About 4 in. when 
perfect. [Egert. ch. 103.] 

0. A lion rampant, well designed. 

* SIGILLVM [E]T • WESTFRISI/E. 

B. A smaller round counterseal. i ^- in. diam. A lion 
rampant as on the ol?v. 

« CONTRA-RIGILL : CVRI/E : FEVD : HOLL : ET ; WESTFR : /« 
Pearled borders. 

SMALL SEAL OP THE FEODAL COURT 
OF HOLLAND AND WESTFRIESLAND. A.D. 1665. 

22.524. [a.d. 1676.] Wafer: en placard, covered with 
paper before impression. If in. [Egert. ch. 103.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, HOLLAND. Ensigned 
with a jewelled crown of five leaves. Betw. the inscription 
recording the fee charged for sealing, viz., 12 St. [12 Stiiivcrs?^ 

CLEIN SEGEL 1665. 
Beaded border. 



GREAT SEAL OF THE STATES OF HOLLAND 
AND WESTFRIESLAND. 

22.525. [a.d. 1702.] Red : well-preserved. 4 in. [Egert. 
ch. 105.] 

A lion rampant of HOLLAND. 

«> SIGILLVM © ORDINVM ® HOLLANDI/E. 
Carved borders. 

22.526. [a.d. 1707.] Red : cracked. [Egert, ch. ic6.] 



SMALL SEAL OF THE STATES OF HOLLAND 
AND WESTFRIESLAND. A.D. 1G87. 

22,527. [a.d. 1702.] Wafer: en placard, covered with 
paper before impression, i^ in. [Egert. ch. 105.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, Holland. Ensigned 
with a jewelled crown of five leaves. Betw. the inscription, 
18 Gl. [18 Gulden:\ 

CLEIN . * SEGEL 1687. 
Beaded border. 

22,528. [A.D. 1707.] Another. [Egcit. ch. 106.] 



SEALS OF OFFICES AND 
OFFICERS. 



MAXIMILIAN OF 'QXi-R.CQ'^Ti'^, Lord of Bevres ami 

Vere, Admiral of Flanders, etc., \son <?/" Adolpiius 

of Burgundy and Annk, dan. of ]01iN DE 

Berghes]. 

22,529. [a.D. 1543.] Sulph. cast from an ori<4inal, said 
to be preserved at the Public Record Office, Carlton Ride, 
app. to a safe conduct of the Emperor Charles V. 3^ in. 
[xxxvii. 47.] 

On waves, an antique ship of war, with gun-ports open, 
three masts each furnished with shrouds and crow's nest, and 
each having its sail bent in the wind ; at the fore end of the 
vessel a flag bearing a merman or " homme marin," with 
scimetar and shield of ancient form apparently charged with 
heraldic bearings : on a canton two dolphins (?). The main- 
sail bears, on a field diapered with sprigs of foliage and 
flowers, two staves raguly in saltire charged with a flint 
(caillou) derived from the detail of the Collar of the Order of 
the Golden Fleece, betw. the letters m • [BJ at the point of 
intersection. In the chief part a pentagonal caillou; in the 
base part a snail and shell. The foresail is similarly diapered 
with the staves raguly as above, having a briquet at the point 
of intersection. Above these is a caillou ; below, a gem-ring 
secured by a strap or label. The mizen-sail is charged with 
the following armorials : viz.. a shield of arms : quarterly ; 
I, 4. quarterly ; i. iv. senie-de-lis, a bordure compony. Modern 
Dukes of Burgundy, ii. per pale dex. bendy of six, a 
bordure, Anciext Duke.S OF BURGUNDY, sin., a lion 
rampant, BRABANT, iii. as ii. but the lion is for Limburg 
(cf. Uredius, Sigilla Comituin, Dd. 4) ; 2, 3. France (MODERN) 
with a bendlet charged in chief with a dolphin embowed bend- 
wise, Bourbon-Montpensier. Over all an escutcheon 
charged with a bar on a fess for BORSELLE (?). Crest on a 
helmet ajfrontce, and ornamental mantling, an owl. Supporters, 
two lions, queues flory. Above the crest the initial letters 
M • B. On the forecastle are two shields charged with (i) the 
initial letters M ■ B. united by interlaced cords, and (2) a niono- 

VdL. VL 2 II 



466 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

gram or uncertain design. Along the rail of the hull are five 
shields of arms: vie, i. as the 1st and 4th quarters of the 
shield of arms described above, with the same escutcheon 
over all ; 2. as the escutcheon over all the quarterings on the 
above described shield of arms ; 3. barry of six, in chief three 
annulets, ViEviLLE ; 4. Bourbon-Montpensier (see above) ; 
5. three mascles, a chief paly, on a canton a lion rampant, for 
Berches. On the stern-castle are three similar shields of 
arms : i. on a cross five escallops, St. Simon ; 2. three 
eagles displayed, Bremen ; 3. three bars, Rambures. Five 
other shields are seen through the shrouds, but are without 
charges. 

Legend on a label, listen, escroll or ribbon running round 
the seal. 

[SIJGILLV"; MAXIMILIANI : A i BVRGONDIA ; D[OMINI ! BE3VERIS I 
AC ; VERIS i MtAlRIS i PREFECTI. 

Carved border. 

a. Archaological yoiirnal^woX.y.., p. 145, where the pedigree is dis- 
cussed ; and Uredius, Geneal. Com. Fland., p. 127. 



CAPTAIN GENERAL OF THE NETHERLANDS. 

See under Spain : Fernando Alvares de Toledo, 
Duke of Alva. 



FRANC DE MALLENGUIEN, Provost of Bruges, 
Chancellor of Flanders. 

22,530. [a.D. 1237.] Sulph. cast from a good, but chipped, 
impression. About 2| X l|- in. [cxxxi. 2.] 

Pointed oval : the Chancellor, seated, turned three-quarters 
to the 1., on a bench with ends terminating with animals' heads 
and feet ; and reading a book set open on a lectern with two 
carved columns. 

. . . ANCONIS BRVG6NSIS PReP[OSI]TI GT 
FLANDRI6 CANCGLL .... 
Beaded border. 

D'Arcq, Ko. 314, with description of a counterseal : a lion rampant, 
and legend: + SeCR6TVM ■ GANG6LLARII • COMITIS. 



ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 



BISHOP OF LIEGE. 
THIBAUD DE BAR. 

22.531. [a.d. 1304.] Sulph. cast from a good impression, 
very imperfect. About 3 X 2 in. when perfect, [cxxxi. 19] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, full-face, seated on a throne, the 
ends of which terminate in animals' heads and feet ; in 
embroidered vestments, lifting up the r. h. in benediction, in 
the 1. h. a staff or crozier, the top broken off. Background 
replenished with the charges of the arms of BAR. In base, 
below the platform on which the bishop's feet rest, a shield of 
arms : cruzily fitchy, two bars ox parrs (fishes), BAR. 

.... OBALBI D6 BARRO A • L60DieNS 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,766. 

CATHEDRAL CHAPTER OF ST. LAMBERT. 

22.532. \circ.KX). 1399.] Sulph. cast from fine, but imperfect, 
impression. About 3 in. diam. without the annulus containing 
legend which is wholly wanting, [xlvii. 423, 424.] 

0. A representation of the Patron Saint, full-face, with 
nimbus, jewelled mitre, embroidered episcopal robes, and 
crozier, seated on a throne with the sides terminating in heads 
and feet of animals ; his feet resting on a footboard or dais. 
Behind the Saint an embroidered mantle or pavilion, upheld 
by two angels. On each side, an eagle displayed. 

Legend wanting. 

B. A smaller round counterseal. if in. diam. A mitred 

priest or bishop, half-length to the r., celebrating ser\-ices before 

an altar, on which is a chalice. Under a trefoiled arch with 

crocket and a cruciform pinnacle ; above which are two 

figures, the one on the r. has a long staff, the one on the 1. a 

sword and staff, with which they are striking the celebrant. 

Cf. Life of St. Lambert, by Godescalc of Liege, Mabillon, 

Act. SS., SiEC. in. 

© secRexvM : sigilli. 

22.533. .Another sulph. cast of \\\<tobv. only. [D.C., F. 23.] 

2 H 2 



468 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

22,534. Another sulph. cast of the rev. only. [D.C., E. 31.] 
This has also been described in Vol. V., p. 910, No. 21,080, 
as unidentified. 

Laing, MS. Calal., No. 610 ; D'Arcq, No. 10,772 ; Tr^sor, Sc. lies 
Comm., pi. viii., hg. 3. The legend is " Sigillum nobilis ecclesie bcati 
Lambert! Leodiensis." 



The A rchpriest of L iige. 

22,535. [i6th cent.?] Sulph. cast from the matrix. 
If X I in. [xlvii. 303.] 

Pointed oval : on a line or platform, on the 1., a representa- 
tion of the Virgin Mary, standing, full-face, crowned and with 
nimbus, the Child on the r. arm ; on the 1. St. Lambert, Bishop 
and Patron Saint, standing, full-face, with mitre, robes, crozier 
and book. Overhead, an estoile of six points ; below, a 
fleur-de-lis. 

* SIGILLVM * ARCHIPRESBITERI * LEODIENSIS. 
Laing's MS. Catal., No. 455. 



BISHOPS OF TOURNAY {Toriiacum), or DOORNICK. 

GOSSUIN. 

22,536. [a.D. 1207.] Sulph. cast from a good, but chipped, 
impression. About 2^ x l| in. [cxxxi. 39.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, full-face, standing on a small 
platform, with embroidered robes, lifting up the r. h. before 
him in benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier, the curve turned 
outwards. 

SIGILLVM GOSSVINI [T0RJNAC6NSIS ePISCOPI. 

L)'.\rcq, No. 6902, with description of a counterseal of siniil.ir design, 
with same legend. 



GAUTIER II., DE MARVIS. 

22,537. [A.D. 1229.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
24 X If in. [cxxvii. 629.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, nearly full-face, somewhat bent 
down, standing on a platform, with mitre and vestments, in 
the r. h. a crozier, the curve turned inwards, in the 1. h. a 

book. 

© S' • WALT6RI TORNAG6NSIS ; GPIS ! COPI. 

The stop in the final word is noteworthy. 

D'.\rcq, Nos. 6903, 6904, with description of a counterseal : bust of 
a mitred bishop, to ihc r., holding a cross, and legend : + CVSTOS 
SIGILLI. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 469 

BISHOP OF UTRECHT (Trajectinn, Ultrajcctiim). 
GODEBOLDUS, Trajectcnsium Episcopus. 

22,538. [a.d. II 22.] Light-brown, a thick mass. App. 
by a thong of leather. Diam. of face of seal 2\ in., outer 
diam. of wax 3^ in., thickness i in. [Acfd. ch. 15,392.] 

The Bishop, standing, full-face, with vestments, cap-shaped 
mitre, in the r. h. a crozicr, the curve turned outwards, in the 
1. h. a book. 

ei GOD6BOLDVS ■ Ol • GRA ■ TRAIECTENSIS • E^PC. 

The letters TR and TE in Trajectensis arc united as 
monograms. 

Beaded borders. 

Gams, Scries Episcopp., p. 255. 



CHAPTER OF UTRECHT. 
Seal, ad Causas (?) 

22,539. [13th cent.] Red: very indistinct. About 
2| X If in., with mark of the handle, [xlix. 225.] 

Pointed oval : a saint or armed knight, with sword in the 
r. h., and inscribed scroll in the 1. h., turned to the r., standing 
on a platform. 

s' gapitvli t . . . . c . . eccL'ie ad css. 



MONASTIC SEALS. 

{Including Abbeys, Priories, Collegiate and other Churches, 

Confraternities, and other Religions Persons 

and Establishments.) 



ANCHIM, Benedictine Abbey, in Hainault, dioc. Arras. 
GozuiNUS, Aqniscingensis cenobii minister. 

22,540. \circ. A.D. 1150.] Light-brown, varnished: very 
indistinct, imperfect. About i^ X li in. when perfect. [Add. 
ch. 1389.] 

Pointed oval : Our Lord, with cruciferous nimbus, seated on 
a bench-like throne, lifting up the r. h. in benediction, in the 
1. h. a long cross. 

Legend broken off. 

Cf. Gallia Christiayia, torn, iii., cols. 408, 411. 



ARGENTON, ARGENTONIUM, or ARGENTONA. 

Cistercian A bbey of Nnns in Brabant. 

See Vol. v., p. 235, No. 18,450. 



BERG-ST.-WINOX, in West Flanders, diocese of Yprcs, 
Benedictine A bbey. 

Seal of B. Falconet, Hospitaller. 

See Vol. v., p. 243, No. 18,480. 



BOXTEL, in North Brabant, Netherlands. 
Chapter of St. Peter the Apostle. 

22,541. [17th cent] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from brass matrix. 3 X i| in. [cxxxvii. 85.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of St. Peter, standing, full- 
face, with rayed nimbus, kej-s and book, under a carved 



THE NETHERLANDS: — MONASTIC SEALS. 47 I 

canopy or baldachin supported on two slender shafts. The 
sides of the field are enriched with cusps or engrailings with 
fleury points. 

S • CAPLI • SCI • PETRI • APL • BOXTELLENS. 



BRUGES, in West Flanders. 
Dominican Friars, or Fratres Prcdicatores. 

22.542. [14th cent.] Plaster cast, tinted red, from matrix. 
2i X li in. [xcvii. 18.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of St. Dominic, with nimbus, 
standing, turned slightly to the r., in the r. h. a sword, in the 
1. h. a book, at his feet a crowned head. The corbel on which 
the Saint is standing ornamented with a grotesque head. 
Above, an elaborately carved gothic canopy with trefuiled 
arch and open tabernacle work at the sides. Background 
diapered lozengy, with a small quatrefoil in each interstitial 
space. 

S' • CONV6NT5 • FRM : ORDIS : PRGDICATOR : BRVG6N'. 

Beaded borders. 

22.543. Yellow sulph. cast, tinted green, from the matrix. 

[xlvii. 462.] 

22.544. Sulph. cast, tinted green, from the matrix. 
[Ixxi. 14.] 

22.545. Sulph. cast from the matrix. [D.C., F. 33.] 

Laiiig's MS. CataL, No. 417. It is sometimes, but erroneously, thou;,'!!! 
that this seal belongs to Bridgenorth, co. Salop. 



CLAIRCHAMP {Clanis Campus), Cisterian Abbey of 
Notre Dame, in Friesland, near Dokknni. 

22,546. [a.D. 1337.] Sulph. cast from good, but chip[)cd, 
impression, i ,V in. [cxxvii. 149.] 

The Virgin Mary, crowned, seated on a bench-like throne, 
in the r. h. a sceptre topped with a triple branch of fleurs-de- 
lis, the 1. arm round the Child who is standing on the bench, 
with cruciferous nimbus, the r. arm round the Virgin's neck ; 
in the 1. h. a globe. Within a canopied niche, ornamented 
with tabernacled work at the sides. Background irregularly 
diapered lozengy. 

S • CONVGNTVS • CLARI • CAMPI. 

CI. C.Ccanus Heistevbacenbib. Dialo^us Miyai.nlcn(!n. 



CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



PLOREFPE, Prcemonstratensian Abbey in Navutr, Belgiinn. 

22,547. [14th cent.] Plaster cast from good impression. 
2|- in. [xcix. l] 

On a mount, beside a flowering tree, the Virgin Mary, with 
nimbus and crown, standing with the Child, also bearing the 
nimbus, on the 1. arm, and turned slightly towards the r. Before 
her a figure of St. John, bearded, and with nimbus, kneeling 
on one knee ; over his head, in the branches of a tree, 
beneath which he is placed, the legend: — S' iH'es. In 
the background on the l.-h. side, three small crosses pattees. 

^ ■ SIGILLVM : CONVeNTVS : FLOReFFieNSlS. 
Beaded borders. 



Egidius de Spira, Abbot. 
22,548. [a.d. 1315] Green: fragmentary. [Egert. ch. 

237-] 

0. A full-length figure of the Abbot. 

H. A smaller counterscal, bearing a representation of the 
Abbot with crozier and book, betw. a fleur-de-lis, and a 
flowering branch. 

Legends broken away. 

+ . . . . G OR'. 



GAND, or GHENT, Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter. 
22,549. [a.d. 1254.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2^ X It in- [cxxxi. 11.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of St. Peter, the Patron 
Saint, with nimbus, seated, full-face, on a bench-like throne 
with ornamental finials at the sides ; in the r. h. his customary 
emblems, two keys, in the 1. h. a book. 

SIGILLV PETRI APL'I GANDENSIS /ECL'E. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,771, with description of a counterseal : two keys, con- 
joined, and Icjjend : + CLAVIS SIGILLI + 



Jean II., de Scalda, Abbot. 

22,550. [a.d. 1254.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2; X l-^- in. [cxxxi. 12.] 

Pointed oval : the Abbot, full-face, standing on a corbel or 
bracket, in the r. li. a crozier, Ihc curve turned inwards, in the 



THE NETHERLANDS :— MONASTIC SEALS. 473 

I. h. a book. On the dex. side a sun-star, wavy of five points, 
in the sin. a crescent moon. 

S= S' lOHAIS : ABBATIS SCI • P€TRI : GANDGNSIS. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,790, with description of a counterseal : St. Peter 
standing, with nimbus and keys, and legend: + D6VM TIM€ GT 
MAN DATA GIVS 0BS6RVA ; Gallia Christiana, torn, v., col. 202. 
Cf. No. 22,552. 



Thierri II., DE Ipra, Abbot. 

22,551. [a.d. 1274.] Sulph. cast from chipped, indistinct 
impression. 2^ X i|- in. [cxxxi. 13.] 

Pointed oval: the Abbot, full-face, standing on a carved 
corbel or bracket, in the r. h. a crozier, the curve turned 
inwards, in the 1. h. a book. Betw. two wavy sprigs of foliage 
and flowers. 

. . . TH60D0R1CI ABBATIS SCI PGTRI GANDlSI . . 

D'Arcq, No. 10,791, with description of a counterseal, similar to that 
on the preceding seal, No. 22,550 ; Gallia Christiana, torn, v., col. 202. 



Jean " Piscator," Abbot. 

22,552. [a.d. 1287.] Bronze-green: fine, the edge chipped. 
About 2^ X ilg in. when perfect, [.xlix. 3.] 

0. Pointed oval : the Abbot, full-face, standing on a carved 
corbel, in the r. h. a crozier, the curve turned inwards, in the 
1. h. a book. Background diapered lozengy within a panel 
with cusped and engrailed edge, each point terminating in a 
fleur-de-lis. 

S : lOHANNIS ! ABB eCC€ i SCI ! PETRI '. GAND6 

li. A smaller pointed oval counterseal. 1 4 X l-'^ in. diam. 
A representation of St. Peter, full-face, standing on a corbel, 
in the r. h. a long cross, in the 1. h. two keys. 

■^ D6VM ; TIME : €T : MANDATA : GIVS : 0BS6RVA. 
Beaded borders. 
Gallia Christiana, torn, v., col. 202. 



THE HAGUE, Priory of Preaching Friars. 
"j.w v.w Neck, brooder van der prediker orden, Pryor in 



den Hage" 



22,553. [a.d. 1434.] Red : imperfect, indistinct. About 
\\ X 1;; in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,750.] 



474 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Pointed oval : a representation of the " Resurrection of 
Our Lord," betw. two angels. 

Legend (very little remaining) : — 

jpflicato . . . 



HAINAULT Abbey. 
Seal of the Eclieviiis. 

22,554. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green: edge chipped off. 
About i-j in. when perfect, [xlix. 258.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; in each quarter a key palewise, 
the handle downwards. Behind the shield a pastoral staff 
or crozier, enfiled with a mitre. 

Legend on a wavy scroll round the seal : — 

. . S . . LES ; ECHEVINS ... ON ... A L'ABAYE : 
DE : HANON . . 



MERCHTEM, in Brabant, Belgium. 
Peter Knor, Deo-ett. Docf., Provost of St. Maiir. 

22,555. [15th cent.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
If in. [xlvii. 721.] 

The Virgin, crowned, with lily sceptre in the 1. h., the Child 
on the r. knee. In a niche with carved canopy, and taber- 
nacle work at the sides. In base a shield of arms : three 
hands issuing respectively from dex. and sin. corners of the 
chief, and from the base, each holding a fish, Knorr, of 
Bavaria. 

%' pftii • Unov • Dffv • Dor • ppti • ;»' • mauri • 
in • mcrcfj . . . 

The reading and identification of the place is doubtful. 
Laing's MS. Calal., No. 614. 



SINNEBECCA, SONEBECA, or ZONEBECKA, Austin 

Canons' yl/>i>ij (f St. Mary dc Sinncbecca, in the 

diocese of Yprcs. 

22,556. [i2th cent.] Plaster cast, tinted red, from the 
niatri.x found at Bangor, in possession of Mr. J. E. Griffith of 
Bangor. 2;; x ij in. [xcix. 20.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of the Virgin Mary, turned 
slightly to the r., crowned, and with nimbus, in her r. h.. a 



THE NETHERLANDS : — MONASTIC SEALS. 4/5 

flcur-de-lis, on the 1. knee the Child with nimbus, lifting up 
the r. h. in blessing, in the 1. hand a book. The Virgin is 
seated on a carved bench-like throne, with cushion, and slender 
shafts, the feet on a corbel ornamented with a grotesque face. 
At the sides, the sacred letters A CO, each having addition 
of a crosslet attached to its summit. 

e> : S' • BGATe ■ MARIG D6 SINNeB€CCA. 
Beaded borders. 

Gallia Christiatta, torn, v., p. 352 ; Engr. in Archaologia Cambrensis, 
1893- 

TOURNAY, Benedictine Abbey of St. Martin. 
Seal of the Chapter. 

22,557. [a.d. 1239.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion. 2i X If in. [cxxxi. 38.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of St. Martin, Patron Saint, 
as a bishop, with mitre and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in 
benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier, the curve turned inwards. 
^ SIGILLVM CAPITVLI SCI MARTINI TORNACENSIS. 

Apparently unknown to D'Arcq. 



UTRECHT, Omrch of St. Peter. 
Christl\nus de Aquis, Canon. 

22,558. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
MedijEval Antiquities, i-;^ X | in. [cxxiv. ^Jl^^ 

Pointed oval : the Canon, standing, full-face, in the r. h. 
two keys of St. Peter, in the 1. h. a book. In a carved niche 
with trefoiled arch, ecclesiastical canopy, and open work at 
sides. In base a trefoiled opening. 

S' • XPTANI ■ De • AQ'S • CAN . ecC€ S ■ P ■ TieCT. 



" Prior en tghemeen convent van den Regulieren 
tutrecht," or Conventual Church of St. Mary 
and the Apostles. 

22,559. [a.d. 1431.] Dark-green: very imperfect, i ', in. 
[Add. ch. 17,203.] 

A representation of the Virgin Mary and Child, with the 
Apostles, at the Holy Sepulchre, on the l.h.side an angel issuing. 

. . . 6CCe • B6 ■ MARie • Z SCOR APOL' . . . 
Beaded borders. 



4/6 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

ZWOLL, /;/ Overyssel, Netherlands. 
Priests of the Fraternity of the Virgin Mary 
in St. Michael's Church. 

22,560. [15th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha, 
from the matrix. 2-J5- in. [H. 12.] 

A representation of the Virgin Mary, crowned, half-length, 
with the Child on the 1. arm, beneath a carved canopy. At 
the sides two angels playing, on the r. a viola, on the 1. a 
pipe. ^ ^ 

%' pljfoz? • frnitat' • b' • mavtc • t . rcfta . b . nitdjacl' • 

Borders carved and beaded. 



A bbey of St. Beatissima, at , in Flanders. 

22,561. [i2th cent] Light-brown self-coloured: with 
mark of the handle. A thick mass, cut from a charter to which 
it was app. by white threads. The matrix was en cuvette. 
31 X 2 in. [xlviii. 1 1.] 

Pointed oval : the Patroness, St. Beatissima the Abbess, 
full-face, standing, with long tightly-fitting embroidered 
vestment. In the r. h. a trefoil or fleur-de-lis, in the 1. h. a 
book. 

e^ SIGILLVM • S"CE ■ BEACTIjSSIME • ABBATISSE. 



Carthusian Convent of the True Cross, at , in Belgium. 

Great Seal of the Major Donius. 

22,562. [14th cent.] Dark-bronze-green : fine, imperfect. 
About 2j X Iv in- when perfect, [xlix. 262.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of the " Crucifixion of Our 
Lord," betw. the Virgin Mary and St. John. On the cross, 
the label inscribed I • N ■ R • I. Overhead, a sun-star ; at the 
foot of the cross, which is guttec-de-saug, the body of Adam 
in a rectangular coffin, in accordance with traditional belief. 

S' MAGNV ■ MAIOR' ■ DOM' • VGRG • CART . . 

Beaded borders. 



LOCAL SEALS. 

{Iiichuiitig Seals for Special Districts, Corporate Bodies, 
Courts, Bailliages, etc.) 



ALOST, i)i East Flanders, Belgium. 
Seal of the Scabini or Fchevins and Burgesses. 

22,563. [a.d. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2\ in. [cxxvii. 15.] 

A man-at-arms, in profile to the I. in coat of mail and steel 
cap, holding a sword and banner flag, charged with a sword 
in pale, hilt in base. In the field three voided trefoils. 

© SIGILLVM : SCABINORVM : ET : BVRGENTIVM : D€ : ALOST. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,657 ; Tri'sar, pi. vi., fig. 6. 



AMSTERDAM, in North Holland, Netherlands. 
Seal of the Toivn. 

22,564. [a.d. 1374.] Sulph. casts from chipped, indistinct 
impression. 2-1- in. [cxxxi. 49, 50.] 

0. An ancient ship with high poop and prow, central mast 
with four stays on each side. The mast bears, suspended by 
a strap, a shield of arms : a lion rampant, for Holland. 
Within three concentric circles enclosed in beaded borders. 

{Timer circle) : — A wavy cordon of flowers and foliage. 

{Outer circle) :- + S' OPID' DG AMeSTgLAGDA 

CLAMAVI 1C6DAT. (,Cf. £s//i. vi. 9.) 

{Middle circle) :— T€STe • CYROGRAPHO • DCI ■ • A • SVPGR . 

HOG . TPIS • OPIDANIS • DONATO. 
R. A smaller round counterscal. i^ in. diam. A ship and 
shield as in the obv. but smaller. 

© S' OPIDI DE AMSTeLREDAMMe. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,846. 



478 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



AUDENARDE, or OUDENARDE, in East Flanders, 
Belgium. 

Seal of tlie Burgesses. 

22,565. [a. D. 1275.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
2^ in. [cxxvii. 389.] 

A large leathern wine-bottle with looped handle {eseareelle), 
on the r. a wine cup. 

[*] SIGILLV- BVRGGNS' DG AVDeNAR[DG]. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,664, with description of a counterseal : a tree, and 
legend :+ MONGT A DG ALD6NARDO. 



Third Seal of the Scabini and Burgesses. 

22,566. [a.d. 1309.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2f in. [cxxxi. 48.] 

A large leathern wine-bottle, with mouth strapped down, 
and long looped handle, betw. two covered cups or hanaps 
with fleury tops. 

[«:] S' SCABINOR' 6T BVRG6NS' : ALDeNARDGNSIVM. 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,666. 



AUDENBORC. 

See OUDENBOURG. 



AXEL, in Zeeland, NetJierlaiids. 
Seal of the Toivn. 
22,567. [a.d. 1237.] Sulph. cast from fine impression. 
2\ in. [cxxvii. 56.] 

Three trefoils or trcfoiled devices, perhaps intended for 
chess-rooks, of fanciful design. 

© SIGILLVM SCABINORVM 06 AX€L€. 
D'.A.rcq, No. 10,667, with description of a counterseal ; a hand, issuing 
from the dex., holding a key betw. two estoiles. 



Second Seal : of the Scabini or Echevins. 

22,568. [a.d. 1244.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2; in. [cxxvii 57.] 



THE NETHERLANDS : — LOCAL SEALS. 479 

An elaborately designed castle or fortified town, with walls 
embattled and masoned, round-headed portal with open doors, 
two posterns with pyramidal roof, three tall crenellated towers, 
with two flags on high poles or lances betw them. The flags 
bear each a chevron. 

SIGILLVM : SCABINORVM : D€ • AX . . . 
D'Arcq, No. io,658, with description of a counterseal. 



BAILLEUL, in Flanders. 

Seal of the £ckevms. 

Cf. Vol. v., p. 391, No. 18,967. 



HUGUES, Lord of Le Conte, Chdtelain of 
Baillciil and Ypres. 

22,569. [a.d. 1275.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
2f in. [cxxxii. 19.] 

The Chatelain, to the r., in armour, with hauberk, coat of 
arms, sword, shield of arms, and helmet, on horse, galloping 
to the r, armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of 
the coat, shield and trappings are : a cross vair. 

* S' • HVGON • MILIT ■ DNI • DG • L€ • CONT6 ■ CASTGLL' • 
D6 ■ BAILL' • Z • D6 • YPRA. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,516, with description of a counterseal: a shield of 

arms, as described in the obv., and legend: + S' HVON CH'R ■ 

CASTeLAl D6 BAILL' Z DYPRG. 



BERG, or BERGUES-ST.-WINOX, Toiun in Flanders, 
dioc. of ypres. 

Seal of the Burgesses. 

22,570. [a.d. 1199.] Sulph. cast from good, but imperfect, 
impression. 2-pg- in. [cxxxi. l] 

A representation of St. Peter, full-face, with nimbus, seated 
on a throne, the sides of which terminate with heads and feet 
of animals. In the r. h. of the saint a fleur-de-lis, in the 1. h. 
an open book and two keys. Betw. his feet a floral device. 

SIGILLVM • BVRGeNSIV[M • D6 ■ B]6RGI3. 

D'Arcq, No. 5511, with dcsciiptiun of a counterseal: a fleur-de-lis 
slrUe, and legend : + SeCR6TV • SCABINOEJ ■ DC ■ B'GIS. 



480 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

GiSELI.NUS, or GvLEBERT, Castellaiiiis Ikrgctisis. 

22.571. [a.d. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2yV in. _ [cxxxi. 57.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant. 

* S' GISGLINI CASTGLLANI B6RGeSIS. 
D'Arcq, No. 5279. 

BOUSSOIT-SUR-HAINE, in Hainaut, Belgium, 
ichevinal Seal, .\.D. 1629. 

22.572. Bronze-green : edge chipped. Originally app. to 
a charter by a green silk ribbon. 2J- in. [xlix. 227.] 

A shaped shield of arms: a lion rampant, crowned, queiie- 
fourcliee, in chief a label of three points. Over the shield, the 
date 1629. 

* SEEL « ECHEVINAL • DE • BOVSSOIT • SVR • HAISNE. 
Inner border beaded, outer border invectcd. 



BRAINE-LE -COMTE, in Hainmit, Belgium. 
Seal of the Grand-Serjeant. 

22,573. [i6th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax from the matrix. i4- in. [Slo. ch. xxxiv. yS D.] 

A representation of the " Martyrdom of St. Sebastian." 
The Saint, full-face, pierced with arrows before a tree, on tlie 
r. h. side a bowman shooting at him. On the 1. h. side a 
shield of arms : an embattled tower. 

+ s + flu graufrigtrnt Bu hrcinr Ir romtr. 



BRUGES, Provost of. 

See Franc de Mallencuiex, 

Chancellor of Flanders, No. 22,530. 



BRUSSELS. 

Seals of the Echevins {}). 

22,574. [a.d. 1276.] Bronze-green: fragments of two 
seals. About i in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,724.] 



THE XETIIERLANDS : — LOCAL SEALS. 4S I 

(i.) A fleur-de-lis, seeded. 

Legend broken off. 

(2.) A triple-towered castle, embattled. 

MTOR . , . 



COURTRAI, COURTRAY, or CORTRYCK, 

ill West Flanders, Belgium. 

Seal of titc Scabini or Eclievins. 

22,575. [a.d. 1199.] Sulph. cast from indistinct imiDrcssion, 
chipped edge. 2^ in. [c.x.K.xi. 3.] 

Representation of the Patron .St. Martin, as a bishop, 
full-face, half-length, with mitre and robes, lifting up the r. h. 
in benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier, the curve turned inwards. 
Overhead, the remains of the legend containing the name of 

the saint . . MARTI 

S> SI ABINORVM CVRTRACeNSIVM. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,685, ^^''h description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms : a chevron ; — betw. a sun-star and crescent moon, and legend : 
S ■ CV . . . ASTeLANI. 



Second Seal. 

22,576. [.\.D. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
3a X 2f in. [cxx.xi. 4.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of St. Martin, as a bishop, 
full-face, standing on a small footboard, with mitre having 
long ties, and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in benediction, in 
the 1. h. a crozier, the curve turned outwards. 

©3IG1LLVM 3CABIN0RVM CORTRACeNSIVM. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,686, with description of a coiintcrscal ; a shield of 
arms: chcvronnelly, and legend ; + CLAVIS SIGILLI. 



Later Seal of the Provost and Scabini or Echevins. 

22,577. [14th cent.] Bronze-green: fine, but very im- 
perfect. About 21 in. when perfect, [xlix. 8.] 

0. An elaborately designed castle or tower of two em- 
battled stages, pent roof with crested roof-line, two side turrets 
with pointed roofs, roiuid-headed portal, etc. To a hook or 
bracket on each side below the turret a shield of arms is 
suspended by a strap: a chevron cotised within a bordine 
engrailed. 

.... OSITORV ; 6T ; SCABINORV"; CVRTRAC €8. 

VOL. VI. 2 I 



4S2 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

B. A smaller round coiinterseal. iJ-in. cliam. A shield of 
arms, as described in the obv. 

© CONT' SIGILLVM CVRTRACGN. 
Not described by D'Arcq, who, however, notices five seals of Courtrai. 



DAM, DAMME, or HONDES-DAMMA, 

in West Flanders, Belgiitni. 

Town Seal. 

22,578. [a.d. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2| in. [cxxxi. 5.] 

A ship with high poop and prow, central mast topped with 
a cross, and two stay-ropes on the r. and one on the 1., 
approaching a dam or pier on which is a town-hall or custom- 
house (itiue ^glise, D'Arcq). The head of a mariner appears 
near the mast. 

«? SIGILLVM • De • HONDeSDAMMA. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,690, with description of a counterseal : a greyhound 
passant on a bridge over water, and legend : + SIGILLVM D6 DAM. 



Secotid Seal ; of the Scabiiii and Burgesses. \ 

22.579. [a.d. 1309.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
3 in. [cxxxi. 6, 7.] 

0. A large ship on waves, sailing to the r. ; single mast 
with stay-ropes, flag at top, and crenellated crow's nest ; a 
mariner is climbing the after-rigging ; another mariner on 
deck giving orders ; at each end of the vessel, an embattled 
castle, with arcaded sides, resting on trefoiled arches. The 
details of the rudder are curious. In each castle is a man-at- 
arms, holding up a banner-flag charged with a fess on which 
is a greyhound passant ; (cf. the counterseal of the preceding 
seal. No. 22,578). 

: SIGILLVM • SCABINORVM : GT : EVRGGNSIVM : D6 : DAM. 

H. A smaller round counterseal. i^ in. diam. Our Lord 

on the cross, betw. the Virgin Mary and St. John the 

Evangelist. 

+ GONTRASIGILLVM : De ; DAM. 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,691. 

22.580. Sulph. cast from another impression of the obv. 
only, the edge chipped, [cxxxi. 8.] 

; SIGIL . . . SCABINORVM : 6T : BVRG6NSIVM : DG : DAM. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — LOCAL SEALS. 483 

DELFT, in South Holland, Netherla'tds. 

Seal of the Town " ad causas." 

Used by the " Scondt, Bjirgermeesteren, Scepen eude Raide 
der Stcde v.rn Delf." 

22,581. [a.D. 1493.] Dark-green : originally fine, now 
fragmentary. About 2 in when perfect. [Harl. ch. 43 
B. 3 A] 

A niche or edifice of Gothic architecture, on the dex. part 
an embattled tower. In base, a shield of arms : a pale ; 
supported by a lion. 

Legend on a scroll running round the design : — 

St I ars S aclf I a» I raufas S 

D'.Arcq describes other seals of this town, Nos. 10,848, 10,849. 



DIXMUDE, 07- DIXMUIDE, in West Flanders, Belgium. 
Second Seal of the Tozvn. 

22,582. [a.D. 1309.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
About 2} in. when perfect, [c.xxxi. 9. J 

A Bishop, full-face, with mitre and vestments, lifting up the 
r. h. in benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier, the curve turned 
inward.s ; seated on a throne, ornamented with three tiers of 
arcadcd work. On the dex. side, a sun-star of six points 
wavy ; on the sin. a rectangle. 

Ss : S' : CONMVN[ITAT]IS : VILL 

D'Arcq, No. 10,695, with description of a counterseal : the head of a 
bisho|j, in piotile to the left, and legend : + SeCReJVM. 



Thierri de Beveren, al. Beverna, 
Chdtelain de Dixinnde. 

22,583. [a.D. 1226.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2i in. [cxxix. 108. J 

To the r. In armour ; hauberk of mail, sinxoat, flat-topped 
helmet with vizor closed, sword, and shield of arms. Horse 
springing, armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of 
the shield and caparisons are : barry of eight, a saltire. 

S' THEODE[RICI] DE BEVERNA CASTELLANI DE DIXMVDA : 

D'Arcq, No. 10,351, with description of a counter ;eal : a sliield of 
arms, as described above, and legend : + CLAVIS SIGILLI. 

2 1'* 



484 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

DORDRECHT, or DORT, in So7itk Holland, Netherlands. 

Seal of tlie Oppidans. 

22,584. [a.D. 1374.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 3,^ in. [cxxxi. 44.] 

On a mount replenished with flowers, a fortified castle ; 
with central tower or keep, embattled, and enriched with two 
storeys of round-headed windows ; portal with pointed arch, 
and gallery or inside porch roofed with tiles ; the battlements 
throughout ornamented with windows {ajoun's). 

© SIGILLVM I OPIDANORVM \* IN | DVIR]DR€HCT. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,850, with description of a counterseal : a lion rampant, 
and legend :+ CLAV IS SeCReTI SIGILLI. 



DOUR, in Hainaut, Belgium. 
iLchexnnal Seal of tlie Town, A.D. 15S1. 

22.585. Dark-green : chipped, indistinct. About i-,^ in- 
[xlix. 228.] 

On the breast of an eagle displayed, and on a pastoral staff 
or crozier, a shield of arms : per pale, dex. an eagle displayed, 
dimidiated, sin. a crozier. 

S • ESCHEVINAL ■ DE ■ [DJOVCR] ■ 1581. 

22.586. Another, chipped, indistinct, [xlix. 229.] 

S • ESCHEVINAL ■ DE ■ DOVR • 1581. 

22.587. Another, chipped, very indistinct, [xlix. 230.] 

S • ESCHEVINAL • DE ■ DOVR • 1581. 



An uncertain Seal. 

22,588. [i6th cent.] Dark-green: fragmentary. i| in. 
[xlix. 265.] 

Resembles the foregoing, but the arms therein described 

are in turn impaled with sin. a fess betw. three uncertain 

charges. 

. . . MS_ DE . . . . LA . . . . 



L'ECLUSE. 

See La.mminsfliet. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — LOCAL SEALS. 485 

ERBISCEUL, or ERBISOEL, in Hainaut, Belgium. 

Echevinal Seal of the Town. 

22,589. [i6thcent.] Dark-green : indistinct. IJ in. [.xlix. 

231-] 

A shield of arms : a crozier or pastoral staff, jewelled. 

* SEEL • ECH6VINAL ■ DE • ERBISOEL ■ 15 . . 



FURNES, or VEURNE, in West Flanders, Belgium. 
Seal of the Scabini, or Echevins. 

22,590. [a.d. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
1 J- in. [cxxvii. 218.] 
A seeded fleur-de-lis of elaborate and ornamental design. 
© SIGILLVM SCABINORVM FVRNENSIVM. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,700 ; with description of a counterseul : a lion rampant, 
coiitoiirne, and legend ; + S' • OPPIDI • FVRMEN'. 



Third, or Later Seal, and Secretum of the Town. 

22,591. [A.n. 1325.] Bronze-green : fine, but imperfect. 
Originally app. to a charter by a label. 2^ in. [xlix. 6.] 

0. An ornamental fleur-de-lis of remarkable design. Back- 
ground diapered lozengy with a cinquefoil flower in each 
interstitial space. Within a cusped panel of six points. 
[*] SICGULLVM J CVI]LL6 J FVRCHieHSIS. 

11. A smaller hexagonal counterseal. if x ij- in. Design 
similar to that described in the obv. Within a sixfoil panel. 
e= SeCRETVM • VILLe • FVRHeHSIS. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,702 ; Tresor, Sccaux de France, pi. vi., fig. 5. 



Province of YBISIA, or FRIESLAND, Netherlands. 
Third Seal of the Communes. 

22,592. [a.d. 133S.] Sulph. cast from fine, but chipped, 
impression. 3-J in. [cxxxi. 5l] 

A representation of the Virgin Mary, full-face, crowned 
and draped, seated on a throne with side columns, the Child 
with nimbus, on the 1. knee, holding a book ; in her r. h. a 
sceptre topped with a fleur-de-lis. On the r. h. side, a Frisian 
in long coat of armour, holding sword and round buckler; on 



486 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

the 1. h. side a corresponding figure with long lance and 
buckler. In base, under a trefoiled arch, two angels, without 
wings, floating upwards, h'fting up the hands in adoration, 
betw. two crosses pattccs fitckees. 

■^ HIS : SIGNIS : VOTA C: SVA ; R6;DDIT : FRISIA : TOTA 
CVI : CVM : f L€ : PIA : SIT : CLGMeNS VIRGO MARIA. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,855. 

GAND, or GHENT, in East Flanders, Belgium. 
Second Seal of tlie Citizens, " ad legationes" 

22,593. [a.d. 1275.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
2\ in. [cxxxi. 10.] 

A representation of the Patron Saint, John Baptist, with 
nimbus, in the 1. h. a plaque with the Agnus Dei, to which he 
is pointing with the r. h. Standing in a gothic niche with 
trefoiled arch, architectural canopy and masoned buttresses ; 
betw. two angels with expanded wings, swinging censers. 

* S- • SANCTI : IOHAN[NlS : BAPTIST;e : CIVIVM : GANDeNSICVM] : 
PCATRONI :] AD : L6GACION6S. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,705, with description of a counterseal : a lion rampant 
crowned, in an elegantly designed rosace, and legend : + S6GR6TVM 
LeCATIONVM GANDeNSIVM. 



Third Seal, " ad legationes." 

22,594. [a.d. 1300.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impression. 
3! in. [cxxvii. 222.] 

A representation of the Patron Saint, John Baptist, with 
nimbus, and the Agnus Dei, betw. two angels, each holding a 
book ; in richly decorated arcade of three gothic niches with 
trefoiled arches, and canopies pinnacled and crocketed. 
Over the head of the Saint an estoile. 

S' SAMCTI : lOHAHI/IIS : BAPTISTe : [CIVIVM : GAMDEHJTIVM : 
PATROm : AD : LeGATIOHeS. 

Some of the letters are conjoined. 

Beaded borders, inner border engrailed with trefoiled 
cusps. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,706 ; with description of a counterseal : a lion rampant 
crowned, and legend ;+ SeCReTVM LGGATONV GANDGSIVM. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — LOCAL SEALS. 4S7 

Fourth Seal, " ad legationes." 

22,595. [i6th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha, 
from the matrix. 3-1- in. [xlix. 226.] 

Representation of St. John Baptist, with nimbus, holding 
the Agnus Dei on a plaque, betw. two angels holding books, 
in an arcade of three niches with heavy canopies. Within an 
engrailed border of cusps, containing a series of five fleurs-de- 
lis on each side, one in each lobe. 

^ S' SANCTI lOHANNIS BAPTISTG CIVIVM GAND6NSIVM 

PATRONI AD LeCATIONSS. 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,707, with description of a counterseal : a Hon rampant 
crowned, and legend :+ SeCReTVM LGGATIONVM GANDeNSIVM. 



HuGUES, Cluitelain of G and. Lord of Hosdaiii, 
or Hesdin, in Artois. 

22,596. [.\.D. 1275.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2^ in. [cxxxi. 85.] 

To the r. In arm.our : hauberk of mail, surcoat, flat-topped 
helmet and fan-plume, sword, shield of arms slung round the 
neck by a strap. Horse springing, fan-plume, armorially 
caparisoned. The armorial bearings of the shield and 
caparisons are : a chief, ChAtelains of Gand. 

. . . HVG' • MILCITIS] ■ CASTeLL' ■ GAND' • eT ■ DRI • D6 • HOSD'. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,392, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms as described above, and legend : + GONTRAS' HVG' CAST 
GAND'. 



GOEGNIES. 

Sec IIUUDENG AND GOEGNIES-CHAUSSliE. 



GOEGNIES-CHAUSSEE, /// Ilaiuant, Bclginin. 
hchevinal Seal of the Toivn. 

22,597. [i6th cent.] Dark-green : imperfect, indistinct. 
I !- in. [xlix. 264.] 

A shield of arms, as in xlix. 245, but smaller, sec 
No. 22,619, surmounted by a coronet. 

(S' EGHEVINAL] • DE LA ■ VILLE ■ D lES. 



488 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



GRAMMONT, MONT-GHERAUD, GEERTSBERGEN, 
or GERALDI-MONS, in Hainaut, Belgium. 

Town Seal. 

22,598. [a.d. 1244.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2\ in. [cxxix. 589.] 

A rocky mound of lofty height, conical, replenished with 
foliage, and betw. two wavy trees with fir-cones at their summits. 
On the top of the mount a long cross, which serves also for 
the usual cross set at the beginning of the legend. 

S* SIGILLVM • D6 : MONTG : GH6RAVD1. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,71 1. 



Seal of the S cabin i or Echevins. 

22.599. [a.d. 1275.] Sulph. casts from a good impression. 
2\ in. [cxxix. 588, 591.] 

0. The fa(;ade, or west front, of a church, with three 
Western doors, rose-window in the roof, crocketed roof, and 
pinnacled side towers. 

fii S' SCABINORVM G6RALDIMONT'. 

li. A smaller round counterseal. if in. diam. The design 
is adapted from that on the Town Seal, No. 22,598. 

Legend with a triple branch of flowers separating the letters 
from each other • — 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,712. 

GRANDE-HAIN, or GRAND HAN (?), in Luxemburg, 

Belgium. 

£chevinal Seal of the Town. 

22.600. [i6th cent.] Dark-green : indistinct. i4 in. 
[xlix. 232.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : three lions rampant crowned, 
two and one. 

SEEL ■ ESCHEVINAL ■ DE ■ LA • GRANDE . . AIN. (?) 



GRAVELINES, or GRAVELINGHES, in Flanders. 

Second Seal of the Town, " ad Causas." 

22,601. [a.d. 1340.] Dark-bronze-grecn : fine, sharp, but 
very imperfect. About 2| in. when perfect, [xlix. 7.] 



THE NETHERLANDS :— LOCAL SEALS. 489 

0. A boat, with high poop and prow, containing St. Willi- 
brord, Patron Saint, standing full-face, with nimbus, mitre 
and crozier or pastoral staff, the curve turned outwards, the 
r. h. lifted up in benediction. On the r. h. in the boat a 
mariner rowing with the r. h., the 1. h. pointing to the saint, 
on the 1. h. in the boat an attendant or acolyte, standing in 
profile to the r., in the r. h. a long cross, the 1. h. pointing 
towards the saint. 

^SIGILLVM CVILLe D€ G]RAV6LlNGH[eS AD OAVSAS. 
K. A small round counterseal. iJ in. diam. A shield of 
arms : a lion rampant, for Flanders. 

* CONTRA : SIGILLVM : AD : CAVSAS. 

Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 5528. 



Third Seal of the Town " ad Caiisas." 

22.602. [a.D. 1544.] Dark-green: very indistinct, injured 
by pressure. 2^ in. [Harl. ch. 43 B. 4.] 

0. The design derived from that in No. 22,601, but not 
artistically executed. The mariner standing up. 

Si SIGILLVM *< VILLG <« D€ «< GRAVeLINGHeS « AD * CAVS[AS.] 

R. A smaller round counterseal. i^ in. A shield of arms: 
a lion rampant, for Flanders. 

contra gtgtUum aD can fas. 

Not described by D'Arcq. 

22.603. Sulph. cast from the obv. only of No. 22,602. 
[D.C., H. 67.J 

*,* These seals of Gravelines should follow No. 19,080, in 
Vol. v., p. 421. 



GRO . . . ., in Belgijim. 
Echevinal Seal of the Town. 

22,604. [l6th cent.] Dark-green: imperfect, indistinct. 
1 \ in [xli.\. 233.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4, three hatchets or doloircs, 
two and one, bendwise ; 2, 3, barry of six. 

: * : 5rrl : * : cfcljrbinal : * : Oc : * : gro 



490 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

County of HAINAUT, Belgium. 
Seal of the Bailliage, A.D. 1572. 

22,605. [ 1 6th cent.] Bronze-green: imperfect, indistinct. 
If in. [xlix. 234.] 

A shield of arms : four lions rampant, two and two, 
Haixault. Above, the date 1572. 

. . . GILLVM V . . . . VS ■ [C]OM[ITA]TVS • HANONICEJ. 

Cf. U'Arcq, No. 10,650. 



Seal of the S?/freiiie Court, etc. 

22,606. [i6th cent.] Red : chipped, very indistinct. 
i\ in. when perfect, [xlix. 235.] 

A shield of arms : four lions rampant, two and two, 
Hainaut. 

* SIGILLVM ET • SVPREM/E ■ CVRI/E .... HANNGNl/E. 



Uncertain Seal of the Marshal's Office (?) 

22,607. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green : injured by pressure, 
very indistinct, if in. [xlix. 236.J 

An angel with expanded wings, supporting before him two 
shields of arms : dex. quarterly ; the charges illegible, sin. an 
eagle displayed. 

. . . . D6 NOVGAIN • MAR€CHALeRI6S • D6 • HANNAV (?) 



HARMIGNIES, in Hai?taut, Belgium. 

Echevinal Seal of the Toivn. 

22,608. [16th cent.] Dark-green: edge imperfect. 1 j' in. 
[xli.x. 237.] 

A shield of arms : a double-headed eagle displayed. 

%tt\ o «• o I <i?l "Qtl Ijanntcnic I @ o 



HARVENG, in Hainaut, in Belgium. 

Seal of the llehevins, A.D. 1 534. 

22,609. Dark-grccn : very indistinct, i | in. [xli.x. 239.] 
An ornamcnta! shield of arms : cjuarterl\- ; 1,4, an eagle 



THE NETHERLANDS: — LOCAL SEALS. 49I 



displayed ; 2. barry ; 3. two bars ; over all an escutcheon 
charged with a bend betw. some indistinct charges. 
S' DES • ESCHEVINS • DE • HARVENG ■ 1534. 



£chevinal Seal of the Tozvn, A.D. 1555. 

22,610. Dark-green: somewhat chipped, ij in. [xlix. 
238.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. an eagle 
displayed ; 2, 3. two bars ; over all an escutcheon charged 
with a bend betw. six roundles. 

S' : + : ECHEVINAL : DE : HARVENG ■ 1555. 



HAVRE, or HAURET, fiear Moits, in Hainaut, Belgium. 
Echevinal Seal of the Toivn. 

22,611. [ 1 6th cent] Bronze-green: fine, but edge chipped. 
Originally app. to a deed by a green ribbon. i^ in. [xlix. 
240.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. three hatchets ox doloires, 
two and one, bcndwise : 2, 3. three bars. On three branches 
of foliage elegantly designed. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

0° Serl I «= I rfrljcbinal > : »e > ° ijaurct > ° @ ° «= : 



HOEGHEN (.?), /;/ Belgium. 
Seal of the Court. 

22,612. [Late 14th cent] Dark-bronze-green : chipped, 
indistinct. iJ- in. [xliii. 127.] 

A representation of Michael the Archangel in combat with 
the Dragon, in a [canopied] niche with tabernacle work at the 
sides. 

SigiUum : curie * * Be : ijocgljcn. 

Inner border cabled. 



HOEK, in North Brabant, or in Zeeland, Netlierlands. 

First Common Seal of the Town. 

22,613. I A.D. 1275.] Sulph. cast from somewhat injured 
impression. \\\ in. [cxxvii. 353.] 



492 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

A representation of the Patron, St. James the Apostle, 
in pilgrim habit, with nimbus, book, wallet, and staff, standing 
on a small corbel or platform. 

© S' • COMVNITATIS ■ D€ • VILLA ■ SANCTl ■ lACOBI • 
Dc • Le ■ HOK6. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,739, ^^''h description of a counterseal : an escallop, 
and legend : + SIGILLVM SCI lACOBI D' L6 HOK6. 



Second Common Seal of the Ton'n. 

22.614. [a.d. 1309.] Sulph. casts from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2| in. [cxxxi. 16, 17.] 

0. A representation of the Patron, St. James, in pilgrim 
habit, with book, wallet, and staff, standing on a small corbel 
or platform, betw. two escallops. 

^ S' COMMV € VILLA SANCTl lACOBI 

D6 L6 HOVK6. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. r in. diam. An escallop 
enclosed in a triangle composed of curved lines. Betw. three 
estoiles of six points each. 

* S' Sa ■ lACOBI ■ D6 • Le ■ HOVK6. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,740. 

HORNU {perhaps Horrues),near Motis in Haiumtt, Be/giuin[}). 
£ckevinal Seal of the Toivn, A.D. 163S. 

22.615. [i6th cent.] Dark or bronze-green : injured, 
indistinct, i^^ in. [xli.x. 241.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : per pale, dex., conpL, a. a 
double-headed eagle displayed, b. quarterly ; 1,4. two bars or 
parrs (fishes) addorsed ; 2, 3. a man's head couped at the 
neck, wearing a cap ; sin. lozcngy, in each space a fieur-de-lis. 
Behind and above the shield, a pastoral staff or crozier and 
mitre, betw. the date 16-38. .^.t each side a wavy branch 
with two trefoiled leaves. 

[ o ] SEEL ' ESC[HEVIN]AL <: DE = LA = VILLE '^ DE ° HORN . . 

22.616. Dark or bronze-green : fine, sharp, but imperfect, 
[xlix. 242.] 

. . . SEEL • ESCH6VINAL ■ DE ■ LA • VILLE ■ DE ■ HORNV : 

22.617. Dark or bronze-green, good, chipped, imperfect, 
[xlix. 243.] 

■ S . . . ESGHEVINAL ■ . . , A • VILLE ■ De • HORNV : 



THE NETHERLANDS : — LOCAL SEALS, 493 



22,618. Dark or bronze-green : imperfect, very indistinct. 
[xlix. 244.] 

• SEEL HORNV : 



HOUDENG {Hontaw-/e-Var{) rrw^GOEGNIES- 
CHAUSSEE, i?i Haitiaiii, Belginui. 

£chevinal Seal of the Toivns, A.D. 1582. 

22.619. Dark-green : edge chipped. About i-^ in. [xlix. 

24S-] 

A shield of arms : quarterly; 1,4. three bars; 2, 3. three 
hatchets or doloires, the first and third bendwise, the second 
in bend sinister with blade to the sinister ; over all an 
escutcheon quarterly ; i. iv. on a bend three crosses ; ii. three 
escallops or fleurs-de-lis, two and one, a bordure bezantee ; 
iii. two bars. Ensigned with a jewelled coronet of six pearls 
betvv. two leaves at the ends ; and betw. the numerals of the 
date 15-82. 

[S' ■ ESC3HEVINAL • DBS • VILLES • DE • HOVDENG • 
ET • GOEGNflES.] 

22.620. Dark-green : chipped, [xlix. 246.] 

+ S' ESCHEVI S • VILLES .... OVDENG ■ 

ET • GOEGNIES. 

22.621. Dark-green : imperfect, indistinct, [xlix. 247.] 
+ S VILLES .... GOEGNIES. 



Jlcheinnal Seal of the Scabiiii arid Lordship (?) 

22,622. [i6th cent.] Dark-green: indistinct, chipped. 
i^ in. [xlix. 263.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly, as before. With escutcheon 
indistinctly charged. Ensigned with jewelled coronet, and 
betw. the date numerals 1 5-8 . . 

S' ESGHEVINAL • DE . . . ET • SEIGNORIE • DV . . . DOV ... (0 
Perhaps a seal of Dour, see No. 22,585. 



HUISSIGNIES, /// Belgium. 
E.chei'inal Seal of the Town. 

22,623. [i6th cent.] Dark or bronze-green : good. 

clix. 24.S.J 



494 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

A lozenge-shaped shield of arms : per pale ; dex. a cross, 
sill, three chevrons. Above the shield, a crozier, crocketed. 
Four triple sprigs of wavy foliage. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

S' rfrijftJtnallf : Dr : ijucfntrs. 

There are two towns of this name in Belgium, the one near Chi^vres, 
the other near Renaix ; the former is probably the one to which the 
above seal should be attributed. 

22.624. Dark or bronze-green : chipped, indistinct, [xli.x. 
250.] 

%' rrrijcuiuallc : Dr : ijuffnifs. 

22.625. Dark or bronze-green : indistinct, [.xli.x. 251.] 

*' rrcJjrljtuallc : He : fjucfuirs. 



HULSTE, in West Flanders, Belgium. 

Seal of the Scabini. 

22,626. [a.D. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good, but slightly 
chipped, impression. 2\ in. [cxxvii. 230.] 

A representation of St. Willibrord, the Patron, with mitre 
and vestments, full-face, standing on a platform, the r. h. lifted 
up in benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier, the curve turned 
inwards. On each side a tall candle in a sconce ornamented 
with a floral pendant. 

S= SIGILL : SCI WILLCBRORDI SCABINORVM DE 
HVLST PATRONI. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,714, with description of a counterseal : two birds on 
an ornament of foliage, and legend : + SeCReTVM SCABINO 



LAMMINSPLIET, L'ECLUSE, or SLUYS, in Zeeland, 

Netherlands. 

Seal of the Scabitii or £che%'ins, and Co-Burgesses. 

22,627. [a.D. 1309.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2-L in. [cx.x.xi. iS.] 

A representation of the Virgin Mary, with nimbus, seated, 
full-face, on a throne, the sides of which terminate in the 
heads and feet of animals. The Child, with nimbus, stands 
on the throne on the 1. h., lifting up his r. h. in benediction. 
In her r. Ji. a cros.s, held to the saint's breast. On each side. 



THE NETHERLANDS : — LOCAL SEALS. 495 

two long candles in candelabra ; in front at the Virgin's feet, 
three waves. Background diapered lozeng)'. 

6:3' SCABINORVM 6T CONB'GeNCIVM VILLG 
De LAMMlNSFLieT. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,696, with description of a coiinterseal : a similar 
design to that on the oh'., but smaller, and the candelabra omitted. 
Legend: + CONTRASIGILLVM VILLC DG LAMM . . . FLI€T. 



LEYDEN, /;/ So7ith Holland, Netherlands. 
Seal of the Scnltet, Eight Jurats, etc. 

22.628. [a.d. 1374.] Sulph. casts from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2^ in. [cxxxi. 45, 46.] 

0. An elaborately carved gothic elevation or edifice. In 
the upper part, a representation of St. Peter with keys and 
book, seated on a throne in a niche with trefoiled arch and 
canopy of ecclesiastical architecture ; betw. two angels with 
expanded wings, kneeling each on one knee, and swinging 
censers, in side niches pinnacled and crocketed. Below this, 
an arcade of four niches with double trefoiled arches separated 
by slender shafts, each containing two of the eight Jurats 
kneeling towards the centre, in adoration of the Saint. Below 
this, the Scultet, kneeling in profile to the 1., under a trefoiled 
arch, betw. two similar smaller arches, with carved and 
countersunk spandrils. 

S' • SCVLTeTI : OCTO • IVRATOR • Z COMVNITATl 
D6N. 

The final GN is a monogram. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. \^ in. A representation 
of the Patron, St. Peter, full-face, seated on a throne, lifting 
up the r. h. in benediction, in the 1. h. two keys. Background 
diapered lozengy with a small flower in each interstitial space. 
Within a pointed quatrefoil panel. Spandrils ornamented 
with trefoil foliage. 

* • SeCRGTVM ■ OPPIDI ■ De • LGYOeN. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,860. 

Great Seal of the University ; founded, A.D. 1575. 

22.629. [a.d. 1763.] Red: enclosed in a gilt tin box, 
and app. to the document to which it belongs by a broad red 
silk ribbon. 2^ in. [Add. ch. 42,630.] 

A representation of Minerva, holding an open book in the 
r. h.. in the 1. h. an ornamental shield charged with the head 
of Mcdus.i, in a carved niche with domed top. On a carved 



49^ CATALOGUt: OF SEALS. 

column at each side, a shield of arms ensigned with a crown : 
dex. a lion rampant contoiirnc, sin. quarterly ; i. billettee, a 
lion rampant, etc., an escutcheon with somewhat uncertain 
charges. Below each shield a carved head. In base, below 
the floor line, a shield of arms : two keys in saltire, wards in 
chief, for St. Peter, Patron of Leyden, on each side, a winged 
cherub. 

«> SIGNVM @ MAIVS «> ACADEMIAE • €= • LVGDVNENSIS * 
APVD «> BATAVOS. 

22,630. Plastercast from indistinct impression, [xxxiv. 38.] 



LIBARCHUSS, or LIBERCHIES, in Haiiiaut, Belgium. 
Ec/tevinal Seal of the Town. 

22.631. [i6th cent] Dark or bronze-green : edge chipped, 
injured. i-pV in. [xlix. 252.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. five bends, or bendy of 
ten, a canton ; 2, 3. chequy. 

» S ■ ESCHEVINAL • DE ■ UA VILLE . . . BARCHVSS. 

22.632. Another, indistinct, [xlix. 253.] 

ft S ■ ESCHEVINAL • DE • LA • VILLE • DE ■ . . BARCHVSS. 



LOMBARTZYDE, near Ostende, in West Flanders, 
Belgium. 

Seal of the Town. 

22,633. [a.d. 1286.] Sulph. cast from a good, but chipped, 
impression. 2| in. Icxxxii. 90.] 

A representation of St. Martin, seated on a horse pacing to 
the left ; the saint is cutting his mantle of vair with a broad- 
sword, to share it with a beggar, naked to the waist, standing 
on the r. h. side, behind the horse. Overhead, a sun-star of 
six points ; in base, betw. the feet of the horse a fish, in 
allusion to the staple employment of the inhabitants of the 
town. 

«! : SIGILLVM : VILLE : D6 : LONBAERD!!] • : » : • C • : 

Beaded border. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,720, with description of a couiiterseal : bearing a 
design similar to that described in the oh'., but « ilh omissicai of the sun- 
•star and the fish, and legend : CONTRASIGILLVM. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — LOCAL SE VLS. 497 

» 

LOUVAIN, ill Brabant, Belgium. 

Seal of the Prior of the Juristen-Colkginin or 
Faculty of Law in the University. 

22,634. [Founded A.D. 1426.] Red : imperfect. Enclosed 
in ;i linned-iron box. 31 X I5- in. [xxxvii. 41.] 

Pointed oval : a saint, standing, full-face, with nimbus, in 
each hand an open book, representative of the two codes of 
law ; in a canopied niche set on a corbel, and ornamented 
with open tabernacle work at the sides resting on brackets. 
In the exergue, a cinquefoil or mullet of five points, enclosed 
in foliage, and above it a dagger or sword erect, betw. two 
shields of arms : dex., quarterly ; 1,4. three fleurs-de-lis, two 
and one, a bordure compony ; 2, 3. a lion rampant, for BRA- 
BANT (?) ; sin. a fess, for ANCIENT COUNTS OF LouvAlN. 

S' • PRIORIS • COLLEGII ■ VTRIVSQ5 • IVRIS • 
VNIVERSITATIS • LO . . . N". 



LUXEMBURG, in the Netherlands. 
Seal of the Town, " ad causas." 

22,635. [a.D. 1529.] Sulph. casts from good impression. 
2} in. [c.xx.xi. 42, 21.] 

The enceinte of a town, consisting of a towered gateway 
with [jortcuUis, pinnacled and embattled ; side walls masoned 
and embattled, and two side-turrets of similar detail. On the 
door, a shield of arms : quarterly ; I, 4. senu'-de-lis, a bordure 
compony, for MODERN DUKES OF BURGUNDY ; 2 3. per pale, 
dex. bendy, a bordure, ANCIENT DUKES OF BURGUNDY; sin. 
a lion rampant, Modern COUNTSOP Flander.S: — over all an 
escutcheon with illegible charges. Background appears to be 
replenished with various small and indistinct devices. Fore- 
ground replenished with herbage and flowers. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

StgiUum : aO : causas : billf «< lucccnburgcnsts "«<' 

Outer border carved and ornamented with small quatrefoils. 

H. A smaller round counterseal. i^ in. diam. A shield of 
arms: barruly (for barry of six), a lion rampant crowned, the 
tail curved inwards, for Lu.KEMliURG, betw. four briquets 
arranged in cross. Background replenished with ermine spots 
converging towards the centre. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

: rontia : stgillum : biUf : lurcfuburgciiBiB. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,723. 

VOL. VL 2 K 



498 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

\ 

Hue, Loni of AvTElh, Shu'chal of 
tJie DiicJiy of Lucemlumrc [i.e., Luxenibojirg\. a.d. 1397. 

See Vol. v., pp. (At, 688, No. 19,920. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,342. 

MARDICK, in Flanders. 
Seal of the S cabin i or Fclievins and Burgesses. 

22,636. [a.d. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2^ in. [cxxxi. 22.] 

In a boat on waves, the poop and prow highly built after 
the ancient manner, a Bishop, half-length, full-face, with mitre 
having long ties, and pointed vestment, lifting up the r. h. in 
benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier, the curve turned outwards. 

© SIGILLV SCABINORV Z BVRGENCIV RDICA. 

D'Arcq, No. 5539, with description of a counterseal : a shiL-Id of arms : 
a fess in cicx. chief a lion passant, with legend : + S016N • HGRGWIN. 



MERCHTEM, in Brabant, Belginni. 

Seal of the Scabini, or Ischevins (/Erard DE Pipenpoy, 
Lord of Merchtevi, A.D. 1626. 

22,637. Brown, semi-opaque : indistinct. Originally app. 
by woven bobbins of green silk, if in. [xxxviii. 193. J 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, for Bra1!.\NT or 
Belgium, within a bordure. Betw. two sprigs of arabesque 
foliage. Above the shield the date, 1626. 

« SIGIL ■ SCABINOR' • ERARDl • DE ■ PIPENPOY • DO • 
DE ■ MERGHTENE. 



MONNICKENDAM, al. MONIKEREEDE, 

in Flanders, Nortli Brabant, Xetherlands. 

Seal of the Scabini. 

22,638. [a.d. 1275.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2\ in. [cxxxi. 23.] 

A monk, full-face, standing on a small platform, reading 
a book held before him with both hands. In the background 
are waves on which are two vessels, with high poop and prow, 
ornamented with flory branches, mast with guy-ropes, pennon, 
yard and furled sail. Over these, on each side, a tall fleur- 



THE NETHERLANDS : — LOCAL SEALS. 499 



de-Hs floreated, and two smaller devices perhaps intended for 
stars or birds. 

» siGiLLVCM : sca:binorvm : De : MONetKeiRGoe. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,864, with description of a couiitcrscal : an anchor, and 
Icycnd: SIGILLVM D6 MONeKeReD€. 



Second Seal. 

22.639. [a.d. 1309.] Siilph. cast from good impression. 
2A in. [cxxxi. 24.] 

A monk, full-face, standing, reading a book held before him 
with both hands. On the r. h. side a lion rampant contonrni', 
the tail reflected over the head. On the I. h. side on two waves 
a ship with high poop and prow, ornamented with flory 
branches, mast with pennon, guy-ropes, yard, and furled sail, 
betw. a fleur-de-lis and an estoile or sun-star. Background 
diapered lozengy with a small rose or flower in each inter- 
stitial space. 

^ \ SIGILLVM : SCABINORVM : VILLG : D€ : MONgKeReoe : 
D'Arcq, No. 10,865, with description of a cotmtersenl : a monk as in 
the t?iJz/., and legend :+ GONTRAS' VILL6 D6 MON€KSReDe. 

22.640. Another sulph. cast from good impressioH, 

[cxxxi. 25.] 

* ; SIGILLVM : SCABINORVM : V1LL6 : DC : MON6K6R6De i 



MONS, in Hainant, Belgium. 
Seal of the Castle. 

22.641. [13th cent.] Dark-green: very imperfect. About 
2.1- in. when perfect, [xlix. 254.] 

0. An enceinte or semicircular embattled wall, with pol'tal 
and masoned side, enclosing a large square ceiltral embattled 
tower with pent roof, with a tower in frontj and one on each 
side, of smaller dimensions. 

GAStRI 

H. A smaller tound countdrseal. About i^ in. diam. A 
shield of arms : chevronnelly of six. 

[ii cla;vis : SIGILLI. 

22.642. Dark-green : very imperfect, only central part 
reni.iining. [xlix. 255.! 

2 K 2 



500 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

0. As before. (D'Arcq records an impression bearing 

legend : — CASTi I M . . T6NSIS ■ IN ■ H and conjectures 

the full legend tube" Sigillum Castri Montensis in Hainonia.") 

R. Over the shield of arms is the date, 1572, which has 
been inserted at that period. 

^ CCLAVCIS i SIGILLI. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,725. 



Another Seal, per/iaps c/ MONS. 

22,643. [iGth cent.] Dark-green : very imperfect. About 
2^ in. when perfect, [xlix. 256.] 

A fortress of complicated design, portcullis up in the portal, 
transepts and central tower tiled roof, four pinnacles sur- 
mounted with balls. In the back part, two chimneys. On 
each side, a tree, on which is a shield of arms : dex. 
chevronnelly of six, for MoNS, cf. D'Arcq, No. 10,725 ; sin. 
Hainault. All within a border or edging cusped with 
flcury points. 

Legend wanting. 



The Magistracy of t/ic Town, A.D. 1572. 

22,644. Dark-bronze-green : fine, but imperfect. About 
2 in. when perfect, [xlix. 257.] 

On a rocky mount a castle with embattled towers of two 
storeys ajoiirt'es, gateway with ogee arch crocketed, and port- 
cullis up. On the front, above the door, a shield of arms : 
quarterly; four lions rampant, MODERN Hainaut {viz.; 1,4. 
Flanders ; 2, 3. Holland;. Betw. the numerals of the 
U"tc. .^_2 

[SIGILL]' :■: MAGiSTRATVS :•: OPPiDi :•: MOHTEH :•: 

IN :•: HANONIA. 



JOHANNES, Scriptor DE MONTE ; the writer of Mans. 
Cf Vol. v., p. 434. No. 19,125. 



MUIDEN, al. MOUDA, in North Holland, Netherlands. 

Seal of the Scabini. 

22,645. [a.D. 1309.] Sulph. casts from good impression. 
2-1- in. [cxxxi. 26, 27.] 



THE NETHERLANDS: — LOCAL SEALS. 50t 

Q. A shield of arms of early shape : an anchor inverted, 
the ring-handle in base, at the junction of the flukes a rintj, 
betvv. a sua-star of eight points and a crescent in fcss. 

S= SIGILLVM SCABINORVM D6 MOVDA. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. j-f in. diam. A shield of 
arms : a lion rampant. 

* SIGILLVM • DG MVDA. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,866. 



NIEUPORT, in West Flanders, Belgium. 
Seal of the Town. 

22,646. [a.D. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2| in. [cxxxi. 28.] 

A ship with tall poop and prow, mast with three stays on 
each side, pennon, yard and furled sail ; on the 1. li. side 
therein a mariner rowing or steering. 

e: SIGILLVM : DG NOVO : PORTV : 

D'Arcq, No. 10,727, with description of a counterseal : a fish nai.int, 
and legend :+ SIGILLVM SeCReTI. 



NOORD SCHERMER, in North Holland, Netherlands. 
Seal of the Scabini or Eehevi)is. 

22,647. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green : imperfect, indistinct. 
\)r in. [xHx. 266.] 

A shield of arms : three chevrons, over all an escutcheon 
with uncertain charges. On foliage. 

%' Bcr • frfjcpcnc : tfijcrc ortr • florc . . 



OOSTBURG, in Zeeland, Netherlands. 
Second Seal of the Seahini and Commonalty. 

22,648. [a.D. 1275.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
z\ in. [cx.xxi. 29.] 

A castle of elaborate design, central tower and central 
doorway embattled, side turrets with pointed roofs, doors 
closed, etc. A warder's head and raised arm projects out of 
each side tinrct. 

. . . SCABINORVM • AC ■ CVMMVNITATIS • 06 OSTB .... 

D'Arcq, No. 10,730, with description of a counterseal : a lion rampant 
contournd, and legend : + S' SeCR€TVM. 



S02 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

OSTENDE, in West Flanders, Belgium. 
Seal of the Scahini. 

22,649. [a.d. 1309.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2i in. [cxxxi. 30.] 

A representation of St. Peter, the Patron Saint, in the 
attitude of walking, turned slightly to the 1., with nimbus, 
flowing dress, mantle, two keys in the r. h., a small edifice 
resembling a town-hall (petite eglise d'un dessin singulier, 
UArcq), with arcade of windows, pent roof, and finials at the 
gables, in the I. h. 

^ S' • SCABINORVM ■ DG • 06STei/1De • TGSTRGP ft • 

D'Arcq, No. 10,731, with description of a countcrseal : an arm issuing 
from the (fei-., holding two keys adossces, and legend : + CONTS' 
SCABINORV DG OeST6De TeSTGReP, and the final word is con- 
jectured to signify Teste Petro. 



OUDENBOURG, in West Flanders, Belgium. 
Town Seal. 

22,65Q. [a.d. 1226.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2-^ in. [cxxxi. 31.] 

A castle of elaborj|te design, two round-headed portals in 
front, flanked by round towers with conical roofs, central 
tower of two storeys arcaded, with domed roof, etc. 

^ SIGILLVM : OPIDl • DG • AVDGNBORC s* 

D'Arcq, Nq. 10,733, wi^h description of a counterseal ; a triple-towered 
castle,' and legend : CVSTOS SIGILLl DG OVDGNBG. 



OULTRE, Ultra Scaldavi, alias Pont-Brahant. 
Seal of the Scabini. 

22,651. [a.d. 1244.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2 in. [cxxxi. 32.] 

On a bridge of three arches, a castle with two round towers 
embattled, and a flanking wall on the 1. h. side. Incorrectly 
drawn. 

S= SIGILLVM SCABINORVM DG VLTRA SCALDAM. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,734. 

PERONNE, in Flanders. 

Seal of the Chatclain. 

Cf 'Vol. v., p. 425, No.s. 19,094, 19,095. 



THE NETHERLANDS :— LOCAL SEALS. 503 

RODEN, in Drenthe, Netherlands. 

22,652. [13th cent.] Bronze-green : fine, but very im- 
perfect. About \\ in. when perfect, [xlix. 259.] 

A representation of St. Peter, Patron Saint, standing on a 
platform, full-face, with radiant nimbus, in the r. h. a key, in 
the 1. h. a book. 

VILLe ■ D6 • ROD . . . 



ROULERS, or ROUSSELAERE, in West Flanders, 
Belgium. 

Seal of the Scabini and Commonalty. 

22,653. [a.D. 1309.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2| in. [cxxxi. 34.] 

A representation of Michael the Archangel, full-face, with 
nimbus and expanded wings, in the I. h. a shield on which is 
charged a rose betw. three fleurs-de-lis in pall, fitchees, 
(perhaps a variant of the arms attributed to the HOLY 
Trinity), with the r. h. he is piercing the mouth of a dragon 
on which he stands, with a long cross held obliquely. Betw. 
two patriarchal or Jerusalem crosses. 

* S' • SCABINOR • €T • COMVNITATIS .'. ROLLARIGNCIS ■.• 

D'Arcq, No. 10,735, "'th description of a countcrseal ; resembling in 
desisjn that of the obv. without the crosses, and with legend : + COMTS' 
SCABINOR ex COMVNITATIS ROLLARieHCIS. 



RUPELMONDE, in Anvers, Belgium. 
Seal of the Municipality, or Burgesses. 

22,654. [a.D. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2 in. [cxxvii. 544.] 

A rectangular tower with four battlements or turrets. The 
wall marked with fretty lines. Over the tower a sword lying 
fessvvise, the point to the sinister. Archaic work. 
SIGILLVM BVRG' DE RVPENMDE. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,737, with description of a counterseal : a sword in 
pale, point in chief, betw. two pellets. 



Later Seal of the Burgesses. 

22,655. [A.D. 1275.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2\ in. [cxxxi. 33.] 



504 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

A triple-towered castle, masoned, embattled, and with 
central portal closed with folding doors. Above it, a sword 
lying fesswise, the point to the sinister. 

[+ S3IGILLVM ■ BVRG' • 06 ■ RVPGNMDe. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,738, with description of a counterseal, as described for 
the previous seal, No. 22,654. 



SAINT GHISLAIN, in Hainaut, Belgium, 
l^chevinal Seal of tlie Town. 

22,656. [i6th cent.J Dark-green : indistinct in parts. 
iJr in. [xlix. 260.] 

A demi-eagle displayed, charged with a shield of arms : 
per pale, dex. an eagle displayed, double-headed, dimidiated 
with sin. three fleurs-de-lis, two and one. 

S' ESCHEVINAL ■ DE • LA • VILLE • DE • SANCTIGIELIEN. 



SLUYS. 

See LaMxMINsfliet. 



SONNEGEM, in East Flanders, Belgitim. 
D DU Mont, Provost. 

22,657. [i6th cent.] Red : imperfect, indistinct. \\ in. 
[xlix. 190.] 

A shield of arms : bendy of six, a canton senu'-de-lis. 
Crest on a helmet, horned and wreathed, and mantling, an 
ermine spot. 

SIG D' ■ DV • MONT ■ PREP • SONEG'. 



THOUROUT, in West Flanders, Belgium. 
Seal of the Scabini. 

22,658. [a.u. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2 X iJ^ in. [cxxxi. ^6.] 

Pointed oval : a tower with masoned wall, round-headed 
portal, and four crcnellations, surmounted by a conical roof, 
shingled, topped with a ball and fleur-dc-Iis. 

[+] S' SCABINORV[M ■] TORALTeNTIVM. 
rcq. No. 10,743. 



THE NETHERLANDS : — LOCAL SEALS. 505 

TOURNAY. 

Seal of the Comniime. 

22,659. [a.d. 1288.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2\ in. [cxxxi. t^J^ 

On a hilly mount (perhaps intended for an agger or bank 
of varying height) a tall tower, with masoned wall, round- 
headed portal closed with hinged doors, and five battlements 
or crenellations. At each side a round tower, ajoiiri'e, with 
conical roof, topped with a bird. The enceinte, behind the 
towers, is indistinctly represented. 

© SIGILLVM [COM]MVNIE DE TORNACHO. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,747, with description of a counterseal : a C"oss p.ittce 
cantoned with four fleurs-de-hs, and legend : + OC ES SECRETVM 
DE TORNACHO. 



Seal of the City. 
See Vol. v., p. 468, No. 19,250. 



Chatelaine of Toitrnay. 
See Marie, Lady oj Mortaigne, Nos. 22,702-22,704. 



UTRECHT, zVz the Netherlands. 

Seal of the City. 

" Stat Zeghel" of the "Sco?tte and Scepene dcr 
Stat van Utrecht" 

22,660. [a.d. 1397.] Red: fine, but very imperfect. 
About 3 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,742.] 

0. A Bishop, with mitre and vestments, seated on a bench- 
like throne, the r. h. lifted up in benediction, in the 1. h. a 
crozier, the curve turned inwards. In a niche with trefoiled 
arches and tabernacled work, pinnacled and crocketed at the 
side[s]. On the 1. h. side a round embattled tower ; the 
corresponding design on the r. h. side broken off 

Legend wanting. 

IJ. A smaller round counterseal. i^ in. diam. A representa- 
tion of the legend of St. Martin riding on a horse, and dividing 
his cloak with a beggar. At the side of the saint's head the 
inscription, CS' MJARTIN'. 

e« SeCRCTVIVl • CIVITATIS • IS. 

Beaded borders. 



S06 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 



Later Seal of the City " ad contractus" " Schondt ende 
Schepenen der stadt Vtrecht." 

22,661. [a.d. 1588.] Red: fine, well preserved. 3 in. 
[Add. ch. 17,206.] 

0. The enceinte of a city, with central tower, turreted and 
embattled and flanked with round side towers, all enclosed in 
an embattled wall. The arch of the central door is ornamented 
with crocketings, the portcullis drawn up, and in the doorway- 
there is a shield of arms : per bend, CiTY OF Utreciit. 
Over the arch a briquet enfiled with two staves raguly in 
saltire. In the doorway of each of the side lowers a shield 
of arms : dex. a lion rampant ensigned with a coronet ; sin. 
quarterly ; in each quarter a lion rampant, for HaINAUT (?), 
ensigned with a cap. 

:S»: SIGILLVM ■.^■. CIVITATIS : S" : TRAIECTENSIS :*: 
AD : * : CONTRACTVS :*: 

B. A smaller round counterseal. I-J in. diam. A shield of 
arms : CiTY OF UTRECHT, as in the obv. On two staves 
raguly in saltire, enflamcd. 

es SIGILLVM ^- SECRETVM ^ CIVITATIS >& TRAIECTESIS. 
Cabled borders. 



Seal of an Official of the Court. " Officiael des Hoefs van 

Utrecht:' 

22,662. [A.D. 1459.] Brown: fragmentary. [Add. ch. 
12,760.] 
p. An uncertain armorial design within a quatrcfoil panel. 

[TRJAieCT 

B. A small round counterseal. Full-faced bust of a mitred 
fjishop. 

VEURNE. 

See FURNES, 



WYGNEHYES, or WYNGENE, in West Flanders, 
Belgium, .v.D. 1592. 

22,663. Recent impression in red sealing-wa.x, from matrix 
preserved in the Dept. of British and Mediaeval Antiquities. 
1 1 in. [cxxiv. 89.] 



THE NETHERLANDS :— LOCAL SEALS. S°7 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. three bars, 2, 3. three 
hatchets or doloires, as in No. 22,619. Ensigned with a 
jewelled coronet of triplets of pearls, and within a collar of 
the Order of the GOLDEN Fleece. 

= S o DE » WYGNEHYES » FAICT ° LAN ° 1592. 



WYNEGEN, hi Anveis, Belgium. 
Seal of the Scabini or EcJievins and Lordship. 

22,664. [i6th cent.] Dark-green : fine, but chipped, 
l-i- in. [xlix. 261.] 

A shield of arms : three pales, over all an escarbuncle. 
Crest on a helmet, ornamental mantling of foliage and wreath, 
a demi-man in armour (?), betw. two wings erect. 

© S' SCABINORVM Ss ET SX DOMINII » IN * VVINEGEM !» 



YPRES, or YPEREN, in West Flanders, Belgium. 
First Seal of the Scabini and Burgesses. 

22,665. [a.d. 1 199.] Sulph. cast from somewhat indistipct 
impression. 2\ in. [cxxxi. 41.] 

On a small mount a patriarchal gross, charged a^ e^ch of 
the two crossings of the arms with a small cross. Betw. tvyq 
eagles displayed. 

© SIGILL' ■ SCABINORVM ■ ET • BVRSEN8IVM DE ■ VPRA. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,752. 

HUGUES, Chatelain of Ypres. 
See Hugues, CI\atelain ^j/Bailleul. 



YSENDYKE, in Zeeland, Netherlands. 

Seal of the Scabini. 

22,666. [a.d. 1275.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
i:; X 1 1 in. [cxxxi. 40.] 
Oval : an eagle displayed. 

^ SIGILLV • SGABINOR ■ DG ■ YSeNDlKA. 
D'Arcq, No. lo,S6c). 



508 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



ZEGHERS-CAPPEL mid BOLLIZELE, or 
BOLLEZECLE, in Casscl, Flanders. 

Seal of the Scabini. 

22,667. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from brass matrix found at Wallingford, co. Berks. 
\^ in. [xxxv. 166.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, the tail curved inwards, 
Flanders. Betw. three wyverns. Within a pointed trefoil 
panel. Enclosed in a larger panel consisting of a pointed 
quatrcfoil enriched with tracery. The outer edge of the 
quatrcfoil, and the inner edge of the circle comprising the 
whole design are ornamented with pearled crockets forming 
by their outline a series of trefoiled openings. 

S' SCABINOr.' VlGRSCARlie DC SCGHeRI CAP6LLA 
6T De BOVLIS6Le. 



All Jinidentified Town. 
Seal of tlie Scidtet. 

22,668. [14th cent] Brownish-grccu : very indistinct, 
chipped. I i- in. fxliii. 126.] 

The Virgin Mary, seated on a bench-like throne ; the 
Child with nimbus, on the 1. arm ; in the r. h. a fleur-de-lis. 
At the r. h. side an estoilc of six points. 

«= S' SCVLTGTI . . . e • PA . . . . VGRITAT (?) 



^cJievinal Seal of a Toivn in Belgium. 

22,669. [l6th cent.] Dark or bronze-green: very indis- 
tinct. 1 1 in. [xlix. 249.] 

A lozenge-shaped shield of arms : per pale, dex., a cross, 
sin. three chevrons, cf Towx OF HULSSIGXIES, No. 22,623. 
Bctw. two trefoiled sprigs of elegantly designed foliage. 

S' ffrljrbinaUc : Dr : : macftc . . . 



*,* For other seals of Localities in Flanders, 

sovietinic in the Kingdom of France. 

see Vol. v., Local Seals, p. 379 et scijq. 



EQUESTRIAN SEALS. 



HENRI, Marquis of ARLON. 
See Henri III., Cf««/ ^/ Luxemburg. 



ARNOLPH D'AUDENARDE, of Belgium. 
Second Seal. 

22,670. [a.d. 1226.] Sulph. cast from good, but 
chipped, impression. 2f in. [cxxxii. 14.] 

To the r. In armour : hauberk of mail, surcoat, flat-topped 
hehnct with vizor down, sword, and shield of arms. Horse 
springing, armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of 
the shield and comparisons are : barry of six. 

S' • ARNVLPHI DE AVDENARDE. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,337, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms as described above, and legend : + CLAVIS SIGILLI. 



GAUTHIER BERTHOUT, Lord of Malifies, or Mechlin, 
in Anvers, Belgijun. 

22,671. [a.d. 1275.] Sulph. cast from good, but very 
imperfect, impression. 2| in. [cxxix. 100.] 

To the r. In armour : hauberk of mail, surcoat, flat-topped 
helmet with vizor down, sword and shield of arms. Horse 
springing, armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of 
the shield and caparisons are : three pales, on a canton or 
franc quartier a lion rampant. 

S' • WACLTjetRn [MeiCHLINeN'. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,435. 



510 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



GILIJS B-EHTHOVT, I/ere z'an MecMene: EGIDIUS 

BERTHOUT, Lord of Malines or Mechlin, 

ill A livers, Belgium. 

II^Qill. [a.D. 1305.] Bronze-green: r. h. side broken off. 
About li in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,729.] 

0. To the r. In armour ; horse pacing within a cusped 
sixfoil panel. 

VT . DUfl : D€ : M6CHL1H .... 

B. A smaller round counterseal : imperfect. About \ in. 
diam. when perfect. A shield of arms: three pales, BertiiouT. 
Within an engrailed trefoil panel. 

[Si S' : S]eCR6TV : 6GIDII : B'TH[OVT.] 

Beaded borders. 



THIERRI DE BEVERNA, Chdielaiu of Dixmude. 
See Chdtelain (j/Dixmude, No. 22,583. 



CHARLES, Duke of BRABANT, etc. 

See Charles, Z'wZ-t' (/Burgundy, e:c., Vol. V., p. 504, 

No. 19,357. 



JEAN, Duke of BRABANT. 
See Jean, Duke of Lothier. 



GHELDOLPHE DE BRUGES, Chevalier, of Belgium. 

22,673. [a.D. 1289.] Sulph. cast from fine impression. 
2^ in. [c.x.xxi. 6l] 

To the r. In armour ; hauberk and leg-pieces of mail, 
surcoat, conical truncated helmet with vizor closed, sword and 
shield of arms. Horse springing, armorially caparisoned. The 
armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons are : a cross, 

Bruges. 

i^ sigillvm • gildvlphl • d6 ■ brvgis ■ militis. 

U'Arcq, No. 10,362, with description of a counterseal ; a sliield of 
•arms as described above, and legend: C= SeCReTVM GILDVLPHl 
MILITIS. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — EQUESTRIAN SEALS. 51I 

GILLES LE BRUN, Lord of Trazegiiies, in Hamaut, 
Belgium, and Constable of France. 

SeeYoX. v., p. 151, No. 18,163. 



HUGUES, Lord of LE CONTE. 
See HuGUES, Chdtclain </ Bailleul, etc. 



OSTE, Chevalier, /.^r^e/"CONTRAQUER. 

22,674. [13th cent.] Light-brown, scmi-opaquc : fine. 
2]^ in. [xlix. 140.] 

0. To the r. In armour ; hauberk of mail, surcoat, cap- 
shaped helmet, sword, and shield of arms. Horse springing, 
armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of the shield 
and caparisons are : bendy of six, within a bordure. Cf. Arms 
of Van der Osten. 

© S' OSTONIS MILITIS DMI D6 COHTR€CV€R. 
H. A smaller round counterseal. I J- in. diam. A shield of 
arms, as described above. 

e> siGiLLVM ■ secRexi ■ osroms. 
Beaded borders. 



SIGER DE COURTRAI, of Flanders, Chevalier, 
See Vol. v., p. 531, No. 19,421. 



GUY DE TiklAVl-E,-KKE., son of the Count of Flanders, 
A.D. 1279. 

See Vol. v., p. 534, No. 19,433. 



JEAN DE DAMPIERRE, J(W (7/GUV, Count of Flanders 
afid Marquis of Namur. 

See Vol. v., p. 535, No. 19,437. 



512 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 

OTTE D'ERCLE, of Holland. 

22,675. [a.d. 1375.] Sulph. cast from chipped, bent 
impression. About 2^ in. when perfect, [cxxix. 27.] 

To the r. In plate armour ; coat and shield of arms, 
helmet crested with a wing erect charged as the arms, sword 
chained to shoulder. Horse springing, armorially caparisoned, 
fan-plume. The armorial bearings of the court, shield, crest, 
and caparisons are : two bars hrctessccs contre-brctcssccs. Back- 
ground diapered or replenished with wavy sprigs of foliage and 
flowers. 

S' SI [MILJITIS. 

Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,822. 



FLANDERS. 



*„* For several noble personages bearing titles of Flanders, 
see Vol. V, 



Lord of FORMISELLA. 
See ]v.K^ DE Ghistelles, etc. 



GUILLAUME, Count of FRISIA, etc. 
Sce\o\. v., p. 551, No. 194S1. 



CHARLES, Z:^;v/ <>/" FRISIA, etc. 

See Charles, Duke of Burgundy, etc, Vol. V, p. 504, 

No. 19,357. 



GERARD DE GK\^T>,'' Le Diable," of Belgium. 

22,676. [a.d. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2i in. [cxxxi. 84.] 

To the r. In armour ; hauberk of mail, long flowing 
surcoat, flat topped helmet, sword and shield of arms : 
(barruly .'), on a chief a lion passant. Horse springing. 

* SIGILLVM • G6RAR0I • D€ • GANT. 
Cf. D'Ai-cq, Ni). 10,388. 



THE NETHERLANDS :— EQUESTRIAN SEALS. 513 

HUGUES, Chatelain of GAND. 
Sec Chatelain c/Gand, No. 22,596. 



RASSO DE GAVRE, Chevalier, of Belgium. 

11,^11. [a.D. 1237.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
2| in. [cxxix. 376.] 

To the I. In armour, with hauberk of mail, long flowing 
surcoat, flat-topped helmet, sword, and shield of arms : three 
lions rampant, two and one. Horse springing. 

^ S' • RASSONIS • DOMII/II • DG • GAVeRG. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,395, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms as described above, and legend : + CLAVIS SIGILLI. 



RASSO DE GAVRE. 

Third Seal. 

22,678. [a.D. 1275.] Sulph. cast from chipped impres- 
sion. 2\ in. [cxxix. yjl?^ 

To the r. In armour, with hauberk of mail, surcoat, cap- 
shaped helmet with fan-plume, sword chained to shoulder, 
and shield of arms. Horse springing, crested with a fan 
plume, and armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings 
of the shield and caparisons are : three lions rampant, two 
and one. In the background the letters G. A. 

SIG[IL]LVM : RASSONIS : DOM[IN]l : D6 : GAVERG. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,397, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms, as described above, and legend; + SeCReXVM RASONIS D6 
GAVGRe. 



JEAN DE Gi'^l'SrSl^lASE,'^, Lord of Formisella, etc. 

22,679. [a.D. 1275.] Sulph. cast, from chipped impres- 
sion. 2,L in. [cxxxi. "^6?^ 

To the r. In armour, with hauberk of mail, helmet with 
grated vizor, sword, and shield of arms. Horse springing, 
armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of the shield 
and caparisons are : a chevron ermine, Ghistelles. 

ei S' lOH'IS ■ D . . . HISTGLL' • DRI ■ DG ■ F0RMIS6LLA. 

Z 

D'Arcq, No. 10,404, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms, as described above, and legend: + CONTRASIGILLVM 
CReoeNDVM. 

VOL. \\. 2 L 



514 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

RENAUD I., Count <7/GUELDRES rt«^ ZUTPHEN, 

in Gelderland, Ncthciiands. 

22,680. \circ. A.D. 1286.] Sulph. casts from fine impres- 
sion. 31 in. [xlvii. 1083, 1084.] 

0. To the 1. In armour, hauberk of mail, surcoat of arms, 
cap-shaped helmet with fan-plume, banner-flag of arms, and 
shield of arms. Horse springing, crested with fan-plume, and 
armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of the coat, 
flag, shield, and caparisons are : billctty, a lion rampant, 
BURGUNDY-COMTfi. 

+ SIGILLVM • R6YNAL • Dl • GOMITIS ■ GGLRGNSIS. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. 2 in. diam. The Count 
to the r. In armour, hauberk, surcoat, plumed helmet, sword, 
and shield of arms, as described in the obv. Horse springing. 

Legend in continuation : — 

: GT : SVTPHANIGNSIS. 

Ornamental lettering. 

Beaded annuli and borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,799, '^•D. 1281 ; Laing's MS. Cnlal., Nos. 399, 400. 



RENAUD II., Cwrw/^/GUELDRES r7«^ ZUTPHEN 

i)i Gelderland, Netherlands. 

22.681. [a.D. 1331.] Bronze-green: fine, sharp, but im- 
perfect. 3| in. [xlviii. 17.] 

0. To the r. In armour, with hauberk, etc., of mail, short 
surcoat, volets or ^pauliires of arms, helmet crested with a fan- 
plume, sword chained to shoulder, and shield of arms. Horse 
springing, crested with fan-plume, and armorially compari- 
soned. The armorial bearings of the details are : billctty, 
a lion rampant, BURGUNDY-COMTfi. 

Inner border cusped or engrailed with small trefoiled arches. 
* SIGILCLVM : RJGYNALDI : GOMI[TI]S : GH6LR6NSIS. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. i-i-in. diam. To the r. In 
armour, as in the obv. Horse springing, plumed and capari- 
soned as described above. 

© 6T : ZVTPHANI • » • 6NSIS •. 

Beaded borders. 

22.682. [c/;y. A.D. 1341.] Bronze-green: fine, sharp, but 
imperfect, [.xlix. 4.] 

0. S" SIGILLVM : RGYN MITIS : GHeLReNSIS. 

R. © er : ZVTPHANI • ss • ewsis. 

D'Arcq, No. lo,8oo. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — EQUESTRIAN SEALS. S15 

CHARLES, Count ^/ HAINAULT, etc. 
See Charles, Duke r?/ Burgundy, Vol. V., p. 504, 
No. 19,357- 



HAINAULT or HAINAUT. 



*„* For several noble personages bearing this title, see 
Vol. V. 



CHARLES, Cojmt (/HOLLAND, etc. 

See Charles, Duke (/Burgundy, etc.. Vol. V., p. 504, 
No. 19,357. 



GUILLAUME, Co2mt of HOLLAND, etc. 
See Vol v., p. 551, No. 19,481. 



HUGUES, Lord of HOSDAIN or HESDIN. 
See Ch&telain of GAiiD, No. 22,596. 



BAUDOUIN DE ISEGHEM, or ISENGHEM, Chevalier, 

of Belgium. 

22,683. [a.d. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2-1- in. [cxxix. 401.] 

To the r. In armour, with hauberk of mail, long surcoat, 
flat-topped helmet, sword and shield of arms : a cross 
cantoned with twelve martlets, by threes, in orie, ISEGEM. 
SIGILLVM • BALDVINI ■ D6 • ISeNGHGN. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,415, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms, as described in the obv., with legend; + S' BALDVINI D6 
IS6NGH6M. 



JEAN, Lord ofSM-^Q, or CUYCK, of Brabant. 

22,684. [a.d. 1303.] Light-brown, semi-opaque : a frag- 
ment. [x'\dd. ch. 17,728.] 

0. Only part of a shield of arms, and caparisons of the 
horse, see rev. 

2 L 2 



5l6 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. About i in. diam. when 
perfect. A shield of arms : two bars, betvv. eight martlets 
in orle, CuYCK, of Brabant. 

[* SeCRGTVJM • DNl : DG : [KVC]. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,417, from an imperfect impression, attached to a 
document dated A.D. 1296. 



HENRI, eldest ^/ JOHX, Lord of KUYC. 

22,685. [a.D. 1303] Light-brown, semi-opaque: fine, 
but very imperfect. About 2\ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 
12,728.] 

0. To the r. In armour, with hauberk, surcoat, and shield 
of arms, etc. Horse springing, crested with a fan-plume, and 
armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of the shield 
and caparisons are : two bars betw. eight martlets in orle, 
CUYCK, of Brabant, with a label of four points for difference. 
* S' He DNl ■ De . . . . 

R. A smaller round counterseal. i j-'^;- in. diam. A shield of 
arms, as described in the obv. 

* CONTRASIGILLVM. 



CHARLES, Dnke of LIMBURG, etc. 

See Charles, Duke 0/ Burgundy, etc 
Vol. v., p. 504, No. 19,357. 



JEAN, Duke of LIMBURG. 
See Jean, Duke of Lothier, etc. 



CHARLES, Dnke (7/ LOTHIER, etc. 

See Charles, Dnke of Burgundy, etc. 
Vol. v., p. 504, No. 19,357. 



JEAN I., Dnke r/ LOTHIER and BRABANT. 

22,686. [a.D. 1269.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2^ in. [cxx.xi. 100.] 

To the 1. The Duke in long flowing dress, head bare, 
holding on the 1. h. a falcon by the jesses. Horse pacing. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — EQUESTRIAN SEALS. 517 

In the foreground a small hunting-dog ; on each side a lion 
ramj:)ant. 

e= SIGILLVM : lOHANNIS : DVCIS : LOTHARINGie: 
6T : BRABANCI6 : 
D'Arcq, No. 10,300, with description of a counterseal : the head of a 
youth, in profile to the r., from an engraved gem, with legend : 

+ secRexvM dvcis. 



JEAN II., Diikc ^/LOTHIER, BRABANT, ,r«</LIMBURG. 

22,687. [a.D. 1295.] Pale-brown: fine, very imperfect. 
About 25 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,725.] 

To the 1. In a tunic with collar, in the r. h. a lure, in the 
1. h. a falcon with long jesses. Horse pacing, with embroidered 
poytrail and girth. Below, a greyhound with head down, 
scenting the quarr)'. Background diapered lozengy, with a 
cross in each interstitial space. 



Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,301. 



Second Seal, as " Marchio Imperii!' 

22.688. [a.D. 1300.] Light-brown, semi-opaque: fine, 
but very imperfect. About 3f in. when perfect. [Cott. ch. 
V. 14.] 

0. To the r. In armour, with hauberk, etc., of mail, 
surcoat, helmet crested with a wyvern, tail nowy ; t'paiilitres, 
banner flag, and shield, all armorially charged. Horse 
springing, crest (if any) broken off, armorially caparisoned. 
The armorial bearings are : quarterly ; i, 4. a lion rampant, 
Brabant ; 2, 3. a lion rampant, queue foiirc/u'e. Background 
replenished with small pierced mullets for cstoiles. 

VCIS : LO 

H. A smaller round counterseal. 2i in. diam. A similar 
equestrian representation to that described in the obv., but of 
smaller dimensions, and with sword in place of the banner- 
flag of arms. 

S' : lOHANNIS : DVCIS : BRABANT' ; GT : MA:R]CHI0NIS : IMPGR' : 

Beaded borders. 

Urediiis, Genealogia Comitum riaiidria, Brugis, 1642, fol., p. 77 ; 
D'Arcq, No. 10,302. 

22.689. Sulph. cast from the rev. only of No. 22,688. 
[D.r., E. 278.] 



SiS CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

22,690. [a.d. 1303.] Light-brown, semi-opaque: very- 
imperfect. [Add. ch. 12,728.] 

Bi. S' 10 ANT' : GT : 



HENRI III., " Le Grand et Le Blond" Count of 
LUXEMBURG and La Roche, Marquis of Arlon, in 
Luxemburg, Belgium. 

22,691. [a.d. 1267.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
3^ in. [cxxxii. i.] 

To the r. In armour, with hauberk, surcoat, flat-topped 
helmet with fa n-pUime, broad sword, and shield of arms. Horse 
springing, armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of 
the shield and caparisons are : barruly, a lion rampant, 
crowned, (wrongly described by D'Arcq, as contourn^. 

^ S' HGNRICI • COMITIS • LVCEMB RVPelvi • Z • 

MARCH' • ARLON'. 

Several pairs of letters are conjoined. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,309, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms: "au Hon couronnd, contournd, sur un bureW," and legend: 
+ SIGILLVM SeCRGTI. 



CHARLES, Duke of LUXEMBURG, etc. 

See Charles, Z'«/{-(? ^/ Burgundy, etc. 
Vol. v., p. 504, No. 19,357. 



GUILLAUME DE MALDEGHEN, or MALLEGEM, 

in East Flanders, Belgium. 

See Vol. v., p. 562, No. 19,512. 



CHARLES, Zw7/r/M ALINES, or MECHLINIA, etc. 

See Charles, i?///v(?/ Burgundy, etc. 

Vol. v., p. 504, No. 19,357- 



DANIEL DE MALINES, al. MASCKELINES, 

of Belgium. 

22,692. [a.d. 1237.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
\ in [cxxix. 484.] 



THE NETHERLANDS: — EQUESTRIAN SEALS. 519 

To the r. In armour, with hauberk of mail, surcoat, flat- 
topped helmet, sword, and shield of arms : a lion passant. 
Horse springing. 

* S' • DANI6LIS • DE • MASCK6LINES. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,434, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms, as described in the obv., and legend : + CVSTOS SIGILLI. 



GAUTHIER, Lord of MALINES. 
See Gauthier Berthout. 



GILES, Zc^r^cT/" MALINES. 

See GiLijs Berthout. 



JEAN DE MALINES, ^/^^/^/2^;«, 

Lord of Witi ( Witry ?). 

22,693. [a.d. 1226.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2-1- in, [cxxix. 463.] 

To the r. In armour, with hauberk of mail, surcoat, flat- 
topped helmet, sword, and shield of arms. Horse springing, 
armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings of the shield 
and caparisons are : barry of six pieces, the first, third, and 
fifth fretty. 

+ S' ■ I0HANNI3 • DE • MASGKELINES • DNI • DE • WITT. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,433, ^*''th description of a small counterseal : a shield 
of arms, as described in the obv.^ and legend : + CLAVIS SIGILLI. 



PHILIPPE Le Hardi, Lord of MAIjINES, etc. 

See Philippe, Duke of Burgundy, etc. 
Vol. v., pp. 507, 508, Nos. 19,363-19.365. 



PHILIPPE, Le Bon, Lord of MALINES, etc. 

See Philippe, Duke of Burgundy, etc. 
Vol. v., p. 509, No. 19,366. 



520 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



MASCKELINES and MASGKELINES. 

See Malines. 



GILIJS, Here van MECHELENE. 

See GiLijs Berthout. 



GUILLAUME, Lord of MUELENBECCA, or 

MFiULEBECKE, 7iear Courtray, in West Planners, Belgium. 

See GUILLAU.ME DE Bethune. 
Vol. v., p. 499, No. 19,344. 



CHARLES, Count <7/NAMUR, etc. 

See Charles, Duke of Burgundy, etc. 

Vol. v., p. 504, No. 19.357- 



GUY, Marquis of NAMUR, etc. 

See Guy de Dampierre, Count of Flanders, etc. 

Vol. v., p. 534, Nos. 19,434-19,436. 



PHILIPPE, Marquis of NAMUR. 

22,694. [a.D. 1210.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2f in. [cxxxii. 5.] 

To the r. In armour, with hauberk of mail, long flowing 
surcoat, flat-topped helmet, lance-flag en arret, and long kite- 
shaped shield of arms : a lion rampant debruised by a bend (?). 

S= PHILIPPVS • MARCHIO ■ NAMVCL 

D'Arcq, No. 10,316, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms, as described in the obv., and legend : + G LAV IS. 



GHERARD, Lord of OUDENBOURG, 

in West Flanders, Belgium. 

See Vol. v., p. 604, No. 19,732. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — EQUESTRIAN SEALS. 521 



HENRY OGIER, Cotint of RIVIERE D'AERSCHOT, 

of Belgium, DE HEERE, and of the Holy Roman Empire. 

22,695. [mid. 17th cent] Recent impression in gutta- 
percha from brass matrix. 4 in. [cxxxvii. 84.] 

The Count, in plate armour, helmet with vizor up, crested 
with a crown out of which issues a demi-man, sword, and 
shield of arms. Riding on a war-horse, galloping on a terrasse, 
or mount, replenished with herbage ; and plumed and 
armorially caparisoned. On the mount, below the horse, a 
shield of arms ensigned with a coronet. The armorial bearings 
are : three fleurs-de-lis, two and one, RivlERE D'AERSCHOT. 

• + ■ SIGILLVM ■ ILLVSTRISSIMI ■ DOMINI • HENRICI-OGERII • 

COMITIS • DE • RIVIERE D'ARSCHOT • DE • HEERE • 

ET ■ SANGTI ■ IMPERII. 



HENRI, Connt of LA ROCHE. 
See Henri III., Cfww^ 0/ Luxemburg. 



GERARD DE RODES, (V- RHOBE, of Belgium. 

22,696. [a.D. 1 241.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2-i- in. [cxxix. 669.] « 

To the r. In armour, with hauberk, surcoat, flat-topped 
helmet, sword, and, slung round the neck by a strap, a shield 
of arms : an escutcheon, in chief three martlets. 
SIGILLVM : GGRARDI DG RODGS. 
f D'Arcq, No. 10,470, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms, as described in the oiv., and legend: + SIGILL' GGRARDI 
06 ROD6S. 



BALDWIN, or BAUDOUIN, Lord of WALLENCURT. 

22,697. [13th cent.] Dark-mottled-green : well preserved. 
Originally app. to a deed by silk strands. 2\ in. [xlvii. 13.] 
0. To the r. In armour, with hauberk, etc., surcoat, flat- 
topped helmet, sword and shield of arms. Horse springino-. 
S" S' BALDVINI • DOMINI ■ D6 ■ WALL6NCVRT. 
R. A smaller round counterseal. li in. diam. A triangular 
shield of arms : a lion rampant. 

* secRervM » bvridan «. 

Cf. D'Arcq, Nos. 10,509, 10,510. 



522 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

JEAN, Lord of WITI, (WITRY ?). 
See Jean de Malines. 



CHARLES, Count of ZEELAND, etc. 

See Charles, Duke of Burgundy, etc. 

Vol. v., p. 504, No. 19,357- 



GUILLAUME, Count of ZEELAND, etc. 

See Vol. v., p. 551, No. 19,481. 



RENAUD I., II., Counts of ZUTPHEN. 
See Renaud I., II., C^/^h/j- ^/ Gueldres, etc. 



FIGURES OF NOBLE AND 
ILLUSTRIOUS LADIES. 



Marguerite, Marquise of Arlon. . 
See Marguerite, Countess of Luxemburg. 



Alix d'Audenarde, of Belgium. 

22,698. [a.d. 1244.] Sulph. cast from good impression, 
slightly chipped. 2^ X l-|- in. [cxxxii. 15.] 

Pointed oval : the Lady, turned three-quarters to the I., 
standing, with long, closely-fitting vestment, mantle of vair, 
head-dress ; in the r. h. a fleur-de-lis, in the 1. h., laid on the 
breast, a book. 

S" • AELIS • DAVDENARDE. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,338, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms : barry of six, and legend ; + CLAVIS SIGILLI. 



Elysabeth, Countess of Flanders, etc. 
See Elysabeth, Countess ci/Namur, etc. 



Margaret, daughter of the Count [Guy] of Flanders, 

Countess of Gueldres, {wife of RfiNAUD L, 

Count of Gueldres^ ob. A.D. 1321. 

22,699. [a.d. 1286.] Sulph. casts from fine impression, 
chipped at the top. 3 X i^ in. [xlvii. 1085, 1086.] 

0. Pointed oval : the Countess, turned slightly to the 1., 
standing on a carved corbel ; with long robe, mantle lined 
with vair ; in the r. h. a fleur-de-lis, in the 1. h., laid on the 
breast, a jewel. On each side is a shield of arms : dex. billetty 
a lion rampant, BuRGUNDY-COMTli (Modern) called FLAN- 
DERS by the Tresor, sin. a lion rampant, GuELDRES or 
Flanders. Within a bordure or panel, cusped with fleury 
points, and ornamented with an annulet in each spandril. 

3= S' MARGHAReT€ I FILie ; GOMITIS ; FLANDR : 
COMITISSe : GHeLR€N. 



524 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



B. A small round counterseal. iJ- in. diam. A shield of 
arms, as described on the dex. side in the obv. 

^ SeCRGTV : MARGHAR€Te ; COMITISSG ; GHeLRGN. 

Beaded borders. 

Laing's MS. Catal., Nos. 401, 402 ; Tresor, Sc. dcs Gr. Feudal., pi. .\.\x., 
fig. I, obv. only. 



Another Counterseal . 

22,700. [a.d. 12S5.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
I X i in. [xlvii. 10S7.] 

Oval : inipression of an antique oval intaglio gem of the 
Gnostic period, bearing a representation of ABRAXAS or JAO, 
with cock's head, and serpentiform legs, in armour with shield 
and spear. Below this figure is an inscription too indistinct 
to be read. 

^ SIGILLVM : SeCRGTL 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 403. 



Marguerite, Countess of Luxemburg, Marquise of Arlon, 

zi'ife of Henri, Count of Luxemburg, etc., 

daughter of H'E^Kl II., Count of Bar. 

22,701. [a.d. 1267.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impression. 
31 X 2| in. [cxxxii. 2.] 

Pointed oval : the Countess, turned slightly to the 1., 
standing on a carved corbel ; with closely fitting dress, mantle 
of vair, flat-topped head-dress ; in the r. h. a long sceptre 
fleur-de-lise, the 1. h. on the breast. 

© S' • MARGARUe • COITTSS6 • LyCeBGRGeN • 
Z • MARCH' • ARLON. 

Tresor, Sc. des Gr. Feudal., pi. xxviii., fig. 5, obv. only ; D'Arcq, 
No. 10,310, with description of a counterseal : a shield of arms : barruly 
a lion rampant, and legend : SIGILLVM SeCRGTI. 



Marie, Lady of Mortaigne, Chatelaine of Tour nay. 

22,702. [a.d. 129L] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2|- X i| in. [cxxix. 540.] 

Pointed oval : the Lady, turned slightly to the 1., standing 
on a carved corbel, with closely-fitting dress, mantle of vair, 
flat-topped head-dress ; in the r. h. a fleur-de-lis, the 1. h. laid 
on the breast. At each side a shield of arms : dex. a cross ; 



THE NETHERLANDS : — FIGURES OF NOBLE LADIES. 525 

MORTAIGNE and TOURXAY, sill, a lion rampant, debruised 
with a label of three points, within a bordure engrailed. 

^ S' • MARie • Divie ■ MORTANie ■ CASreLLANG • TORNACGN'. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,493, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms of Mortaii;ne, etc., as in the obv. Within a rose, and legend : 
+ S' MARie DAM6 D6 MORTAIGNE. 



Marie, Dainoiselle of Mortainge, or Mortaigne, Cliatelaine of 
Tour nay. {Perhaps a second seal of the preceding person.) 

22,703. [a.D. 1295.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
About 3 X i| in. when perfect, [cxxix. 541.] 

Pointed oval : the Lady, turned slightly to the ]., standing 
on a carved corbel, flowing drapery, bare-headed, the r. h. on 
the breast, on the 1. fist a falcon close. On each side, a shield 
of arms : dex. a lion rampant, charged with a label, within a 
bordure engrailed, sin. a cross, see No. 22,702. Beneath each 
shield a small dog sejant. 

S' • DAM01SI6LL6 • DG • MORTAKHGJ6 • GHASTeLAIH6 • 
De ■ TOVRHAI. 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,494, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms : a cross, above the shield a quatrefoil, on each side a cinquefoil, 
and legend ;+ GONTReSeeL MARI6 DAMOISGLLe DG MORT'. 



Marie, Lady (t/ Mortaigne, Chatelaine of Ton may. 
{Perhaps third seal of the same person.) 

22,704. [a.D. 131 i.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
3 X 2 in. [cxxix. 543.] 

Pointed oval : the Lady, turned slightly to the 1., standing 
on a corbel carved with arabesque foliage ; draped elegantl)-, 
head-dress ; in each hand a shield of arms : dex. a cross, sin. 
a lion rampant, with label of three parts, without bordure. 
Below these shields, on each side, a shield of arms : de.v. a lion 
rampant with label of three points, within a bordure engrailed, 

sitt. barry of six, vair and . Above the lady's hands, two 

wavy branches of foliage and flowers. At her foot on the 
sin. side, a small quatrefoil. 

c+ seieL • MARI6 ; DAMe ; dg ; morta .... chastglainng ■. 

DG : TOVRN .... 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,495, ^^'i''! description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms ; per pale, iter, a cross, sin. a lion rampant and label, and legend : 
+ GONTRGSGGL • MARIG ■ DAMG DG MORTAGNG. 



526 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 



Ysabeaus, or Isabella [de Luxemburg], i.e., Elyzabeth, 

Countess of Nainiir, and of Flanders, second zvife of 
Guy de Dampierre, Coimt of Flanders, etc. 

22,705. [a.D. 1290.] Sulph. casts from good impression. 
3 X If in. [cxxxii. 6, 7.] 

0. Pointed oval : the Countess, turned slightly to the 1., 
standing on a carved corbel ; with closely-fitting vestments, 
head-dress, mantle of vair ; in the r. h. a fleur-de-lis, the 1. h. 
laid on the breast. On each side, a shield of arms : dex. a 
lion rampant, FLANDERS, sin. barruly, a lion rampant, 
Luxemburg. 

fi! S' 6LYSAB6TH ; GOMlTISSe I NAMVC6NSIS I 
R. A small round counterseal. i in. diam. A shield of 
arms : a lion rampant, Flanders. 

© SeCRCT • 6 • COMITISSe • NAMVGN. 
Beaded borders, 

D'Arcq, No. 631 ; Trhor, Sc. des Gr. Feudal, pi. xxvii., fig. 7, 
obv. only. 



Clemence, Countess ^y" Salm, in Luxemburg, Belgium ; 
Lady of Montcornet, in Aisne, France {?). 

22,706. [a.D. 1270.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2f X l| in. [cxxix. 701.] 

Pointed oval : the Countess, turned three-quarters to the 
r., standing on a corbel or picdouche. With tightly-fitting 
vestments, mantle of vair, and flat-topped head-dress. The 
r. h. on the breast, on the 1. fist a falcon close. Background 
diapered with a reticulated lozengy pattern. 

© S' : CL6MeNTI€ : GOMITISSe : SALM. 

D'Arcq. No. 10,322, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms : three roses, two and one, and legend : fit GLAVIS SeGR6TI. 



HERALDIC SEALS. 



Willem Van Adrichem, Scepen, or ^chevin, of Hairlem 
{Haarlem, North Holland, Netherlands). 

22,707. [a.D. 148 1.] Dark-green. I in. [Add. ch. 
12,761.] 

A shield of arms, concha : a lion rampant (on its shoulder an 
escutcheon charged with a wheel), Adrichem, over all a fess 
for difference. Crest on a helmet, ornamental mantling of 
foliage, and plume, a demi-lion rampant. 

Legend on an escrol : — • 

sigr : bJtllfnt : ban : afcfen : 



Ysaac Aelbertsoen, Schout, or Bailiff, of Utrecht. 

22,708. [a.D. 1468.] Dark-green : very imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,742.] 

A shield of arms : per pale, dex. three estoiles, two and one, 
sin. a cruciform merchant's-mark. 

a t'faac • ac font. 



Siger de Aengen, or Enghien, of Hainaut, Belgium. 
22,709. [i2th or 13th cent.] Green: fine; with mark of 
the handle. 2|- in. Cut from a document to which it has 
been attached by silk cords, [xlviii. 12.] 

A shield of arms : gyronny of ten pieces, the 2nd, and 
other alternate gyrons seme of quatrefoils, Enghien. 
© SIGILL •: SIG6RYI •: DC :• ACNGCN. 



Walram, Lord of Ameide, etc. 
See Walrane, Lord of Brederoide, etc. No. 22,739. 



528 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Gilles Amoury, of Belgium. 

22,710. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green: chipped, injured by- 
pressure. I in. [xlix. 141.] 

A griffin segreant, supporting a shield of arms, concU: on 
a chevron betw. two escallops in chief and a fleur-de-lis in 
base, an annulet or roundle. 

S ■ GILLES ■ AMOVRY. 



Walter, Lord of Kx^g . . . cj- Enghien, in Hainan f, Belgium . 

22,711. [i2th cent] Light-brown or uncoloured : fine, 
but chipped. 2i in. [xlix. 139.] 

A shield of arms : gyronny of ten pieces [arg. and sa.] each 
gyron [of the sa.] charged with crosses crosslet fitchees, the 
feet towards the arur point, Enghiex. 

e» S' WALT6RCI ■ DOjMINI ■ DG ■ ANG .... 



Sveder de Apcoude. 

See SWEDER, Lord of PUTEN. 



Charles D'Ardembourg, of Haiiiaut, Belgium. 

22,712. [i6th cent] Dark-red: chipped, indistinct. i-pU 
in. [xlix. 142.] 

An oval shield of arms : a chevron betw. in chief two 
trefoils slipped, in base a rose en soleil, ArdembouRG. 
Crest on a horned helmet with ornamental mantling of 
foliage and wreath a (trefoil ?) betw. two wings. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

■ S ■ CHARLE • D'ARDEMBOVRG. 



Jean de Axel, of Gaud, East Flanders, Belgium. 

22,713. [A.D. 1226.] Sulph. cast from good impression, 
2|. in. [cxxix. 56, 57.] 

0. A lion rampant charged with a shield of arms : a 
chevron, AXEL. 

■^ SIGILL' :• lOHANNIS .-. DG :■ AXLG <« 

R. A smaller round counterseal. i-rV in. diam. A helmet 
with vizor closed, charged with a chevron as in the arms. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,343. 



THE NETHERLANDS :— HERALDIC SEALS. 529 



Philippe de La Bauer, of Belgium (?). 
22,714. [i6th cent.] Dark-green : chipped. i| in. [xlix. 

A griffin segreant, holding a shield of arms : a fess, in chief 
three estoiles, the base fretty, or in base three chrevrons 
interlaced. Cf. a fess fretty, Baur, Bawir, etc. 

"> ° S' ° yijtc ° 5c o la iaucr o o (?) 



Guillaume de Baviere, Count of Ostrei'ant, in Flanders. 

22,715. [a.D. 1 39 1.] Sulph. cast from imperfect impres- 
sion. If in. [cxxxii. 27.] 

On a mount a shield of arms : quarterly ; I, 4. lozengy 
bendvvise, Bavaria ; 2, 3. four lions rampant, two and two, 
Hainault. Supporters, two wild men. Above the shield an 
eagle or demi-eagle, rising reguardant with expanded wings. 

. . . 31Hili)dmi 5e faa mitis 'He (?) 

D'Arcq, No. 10,321. " C'est par eneur que les comtes d'Ostrevant 
figurent parmi les grand feudataires de Belgique : I'Ostrevant, capitate 
Bouchain, est en France." 



Jacop van Beerrcem. 

Seal tised by HENRY Bemys, Lord of Lymberghe Magna, 

CO. Line. 

22.716. [a.D. 1396.J Dark-green, faced with red. i in. 
[Harl. ch. 84 H. 23.] 

A shield of arms : a greyhound courant betw. three 
mullets. Within a pointed trefoil panel, ornamented with a 
mullet at each side of the points. 

© Ss S' * lACOP »«<»>«» VAN ttJ *< » /w its BeeRRCGM Ss ftj » 

22.717. Sulph. cast from No. 22,716. [D.C., F. 601.] 



Seal used by Alicia, wife of the above HENRY Bemys. 

22,718. [A.D. 1396.] Dark-green, faced with red. i X f 
in. [Harl. ch. 84 H. 23.] 

Octagonal signet : a bust in profile to the left, couped at 
the neck. 

e« + ce . . . . cecRer git. 

Probably the counterseal of the armorial seal described 
above, No. 22,717, here used separately. 

VOL. VI. 2 M 



530 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Jan Van Bekensteyne, £.chevi7i of Harletn. 

22,719. [a.D. 1432.] Dark-red : chipped. About \ in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,749.] 

A harpy, with wings expanded, supporting a shield of 
arms : a lion rampant, debruised with a fess, BakesteyN. 
On the 1. h. side, a helmet. 

Legend on an escroll : — 

S' ian • lia • bcUfftci. 

Cabled border. 



Guillaume de Bergues, Chevalier, of Flanders. 

22.720. [a.D. 1244.] Sulph. cast from chipped impres- 
sion, i^ in. [cxxxi. 56.] 

A shield of arms : chequy, a label of five points in chief 

fii S W . . . . LMI • D€ • B'GIS ■ MILITIS. 
D'Arcq, No. 1402. 

Floreinse Berthoude, at. Floreins Berthout, Here van 
Berlaer, in Aiivcrs, Belginvi. 

22.721. [a.D. 1305.] Dark -green : good. J-f- in. [Add. 
ch. 12,729.] 

A shield of arms : three pales, Berthout ; over all a bend 
for difference. Within or on a rose of nine leaves. 
© S' SeCRGTVM : M6VM. 



Jan Berthout, al. Berthaut, the younger, [of Bclgiuvi]. 

22,722. [a.D. 1305.] Dark-green: chipped. About li 
in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,729.] 

A shield of arms : three pales, BERTHOUT ; differenced 
with a canton charged with a lion rampant. Within a pointed 
quatrefoil panel enriched with tracery. 

ra S'JIOHAMHIS : BGRTHAVT : MILITIS : IVHIORKSJ. 



Jehan de Besques, of Belgium. 

22,723. [i6th cent.] Red : chipped. i-rV in. [xlix. 144.] 
A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a griffin segreant, 2, 3. 
barry of six : over all an escutcheon, barry of ten. Wreathed 
helmet with ornamental mantling of foliage ; no crest. 
Legend on a scroll : — 

• S 1 t'rJjan • Df • fafsqucs ? 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS. 531 



Hierosme de Beverningk. 
Plenipotentiary of the Netherlands at the Treaty of Breda. 

22,724. [a.D. 1667.] ^^6. : en placard. -S^Y.i^\x\. [Slo. 
ch. xxxii. 56.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : coup^, in chief a lion leopards, 
in base a fox courant, BEVERNINGK. Ensigned with the 
ancient coronet for a count, viz. of nine pearls. 

Beaded border. 

Cf. J. du Mont, Corps Universel Diplomatique, Amsterdam, 1731, 
tome vii., pt. I, p. 51. 



Johan Van Bloemendael, Scabinus Trajectensis, £chevin of 
Maastricht, in Liniburg, Netherlatids 

22,725. [A.D. 1397.] Dark-red: chipped. i in. [xliii. 

1 1 3-] 

A shield of arms : a fess, over all 3i franc-quartier, charged 
with a cross moline. Within a pointed trefoil panel orna- 
mented with a small circular compartment enclosing each 
point, from each of which springs a vine-leaf, in reference 
to the armorial bearings of Blumenthal. 

S' toJjan : ban : blofmrnUacI. 

Beaded borders. 



Her Jan Van Blomenstein, al Johan de Bloemensteyn, 

Ridder, cf the Netherlands. 

22,726. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green: chipped. i-Jj- in. 
[Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : three columns (znileti), over all in chief 
a label of as many points, for Blommesteyn. Encircled 
with a cordon of sixteen estoiles. Within an elaborately 
carved panel of six points, ornamented along the inner edge 
with small quatrefoils. 

I© S' IOH]AN • DG ■ BLOeMeSTGYN • RIDDGR. 



Wenceslaus of Bohemia, Duke of Litxemburg, Lothier, 
Brabant, and Limbiirg, Marquis of the Holy Empire. 

22,727. [a.D. 1377.] Yellow or uncoloured : very indis- 
tinct, edge injured. \\ in. [Add. ch. 12,739.] 

A shield of arms: quarterly ; i, 4. a lion rampant queue 
fouchee passce en sautoir, BOHEMIA, 2, 3. barruly, a lion 

2 M 2 



532 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

rampant, Luxemburg. Crest, on a helmet a pair of wings. 
Background diapered lozengy, with a lion rampant contonrtU, 
in each interstitial space. D'Arcq, however, writes "champ 
frettt' afleurs de Ijs." 

• s weNceLAY • De ■ BoeiviiA • lvggmbg *> lothr' • 

BRABAN' ■ LYMBG' • DVCIS. 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,313. 

22,728. [a.D. 1381.] Yellow or uncoloured : fine. App. 
by yellow silk threads. [Add. ch. 12,6^7.] 

I S WGNCeLAY • D6 • BOGMIA • LVGGMBG w LOTHR' • 
BRABAN' • LYMBG' • DVCIS. 



Jehanne, Hertoghinne der hertogkdom van Lucemb', van 

Lothf, van Brabant, eiide van Lymb', endc Marcgreu'uine des 

JMarcgrcfscaps des heiligen rijcs ; Wife of Wenceslaus 

OF Bohemia, Duke, etc. 

22,729. [a.D. 1377.] Yellow, or uncoloured: indistinct. 
I-I in. [Add. ch. 12,739.] 

A shield of arms, as described for Duke WENCESLAUS in 
No. 22,727. Betw. three small creatures, perhaps wyverns or 
fishes. Set in a circular panel, enriched outside with four 
circular lobes in saltire, each containing a lion rampant, 
alternated with as many points, each containing a crown. 
The outer margin of this ornamental figure or quatrefoil panel 
is crocketed. Background is enriched with a cordon of roses 
betw. cinquefoils in each spandril. 

* S' • IGHANG ; LVCeMB'GGN : LOTH'R \ BRABAN' ■ 
GT ; LYMB'RGIG ; DVCISSG : « 



Wulfard de Borssele, Domiuiis de Vens de IVoestine, 
( Vere or Veere and Woes ten ?). 

22,730. [a.D. 1374.] Sulph. cast from a chipped, some- 
what indistinct impression, i-i in. [cxxix. 786.] 

A shield of arms, concha : a fess, BORSSELEN. Crest, on a 
helmet, a tree or clump of trees. Supporters, two lions 
sejant, each on a mount beneath a tree. 

S UbolfarOt • Of • bcrfaha • Dni Or • tarns • 
rt • Br • bborrtinr. 

D'.A.rcq, No. io,Sio. 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 533 

Jan Boudijns-soen, Scepeu, or Echevm of Haarlem, 
in North Holland, Netherlands. 

22,731. [a.D. 1435.] Dark-green: fine, but very imperfect. 

About -1 in. [Add. ch. 12,751.] 

An angel with expanded wings, full-face, seated, supporting 
in front, slung by a strap round the neck, a shield of arms : 
three lozenges, two and one, in chief a mullet. 

rg : ian b 

Cabled borders. 



Charles Bourgot, of Belgium. 

'2,'2,,1Z'2,. [i6th cent.] Dark-green. Originally app. to a 
deed by a green silk ribbon, i in. [xlix. 145.] 

A lion rampant, queue flory, holding by the strap a shield 
of arms : a chevron betw. three small saltires humetty. 

S : CHARLES S BOVRGOT S : 
22,733. Another, [xlix 146.] 



Heinricli Bouyer, or Boures, " Scabiniis Lencnlensis" 
Echevin of Linckcn or of Leke in West Flanders, Belgium (?). 

22.734. [a.D. 1413.] Bronze-green: indistinct, chipped. 
I in. [xliii. i2l] 

A shield of arms : a cross indented, on a canton ermine a 
bend, illegibly charged. Betw. two trefoiled sprigs. Within 
a trefoil panel, pointed, and ornamented along the inner edge 
with pearls or roundles. Betw. three pairs of trefoiled sprigs. 
The points of the panel enriched with circular tracery. 

S' • ijrnriri • boures • fcaij't • Icculcs (?) 

Beaded borders. 

Geoflfroi de Brabant, son of Duke Jean III. 

22.735. [a.D. 1347.] Cast in yellow sulphur from a chipped 
impression. i-^V in- [cx.xxi. 59.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; I, 4. a lion rampant, BRA- 
BANT ; 2, 3. a lion rampant, crowned, queue fourcht'e passife en 
sautoir, over all in chief a label of three points. Above the 
shield a wyvern with expanded wings ; at each side a bird 
reguardant with a wyvern below it. Within a carved si.xfoil 
panel ornamented along the inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

S« S' 06- BRABANCIA • FILII • DVCIS • 

BRABANCie • IVNIORIS. 
D'/Vrcq, No. 10,356. 



534 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Henri de Brabant, son of Duke Jean III. 

22,736. [a.D. 1347.] Cast in yellow sulph. from a chipped 
impression, if in. [cxxxi. 58.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a lion rampant, BRA- 
BANT ; 2, 3. a lion rampant (crowned ?) queue fourclu'e pass^e 
en sautoir. Within a carved panel of eleven points, orna- 
mented with roses within and without the panel, over all in 
chief a label of three points. 

© S' • HGNRICI • S6NI0RIS • FILM • DVCIS ■ BRABANTI6. 
Beaded border. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,357. 

Jehanne, Duehess of Brabant. 
See Jehanne, ivife ^/Wenceslaus of Bohemia, Duke, etc. 



Wenceslaus, Duke of Brabant. 
See Wenceslaus of B0HE^^A, Duke, etc. 



Weernaer Braem, or Braems, of Utrecht (?). 
22,737. [A.D. 1468.] Dark-green. i in. [Add. ch. 

12,742 B.] 

A shield of ^.xms, coucli^ : two (for three ?) estoiles, in the 
dex. chief a lion rampant, the tail curved inwards. Crest, on 
a helmet, ornamental mantling and wreath, an estoile. 

Sigillum torrrnarr % fararm . . 



Jean, Lord of Breda. 
See Jean de Pollanen. 



Renaud de Brederode, Chevalier, of Holland. 

22,738. [a.D. 1375.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
I in. [cxxi.x. 170.] 

On a tree of three branches, a shield of arms : a lion 
rampant, charged on the shoulder with a shield of arms : a 
lion rampant, crowned, queiie fourdiie passee en sautoir, for 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS. 535 

Brederode. Betw. two lions sejant reguardant, for sup- 
porters. Within a carved panel of three points elaborately 
traced and enriched. 

S' : ReVNOLDl : DG : BReDeRODE : MILITIS. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,812. 



Walrane, Heer tot Brederoide, tot Vianen, 

Burcligraue Tutrccht, en Heer tcr A meyde [A ineide, 
in South Holland, Netherlands]. 

22,739. [a.D. 152L] Red: fine, but very imperfect. 
About 2^ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 17,205.] 

An ornamental shield of arms : quarterly ; I, 4. a lion 
rampant, Brederode ; 2, 3. a lion rampant, crowned, queue 
fourcht'e pass^e en sautoir. Crest, on a helmet and ornamental 
mantling of foliage, out of a coronet two arms and hands 
erect, in each a horse's foot shod and nailed, the hoofs up- 
wards. Supporters, two griffins. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

S S-t-3 WALRAMI g + S +§ BORCHGRAVI 

DE + AMEIDA. 



Jean Bruneau, of Belgium. 

22,740. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green: chipped. i^ in. 
[xlix. 147.] 

A shield of arms : three roses, eti soleil, two and one, a 
crescent for difference. Crest, on a horned helmet, mantling 
and wreath, a bird's head betw. a pair of wings. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

SEEL • lEAN ■ BRVNEAV. 



Alfer Van Bueel, Knaap. 

ll^l^Y. [a.D. 1363.] Green: imperfect. [Add. ch. 12,736.] 
A shield of arms, wanting. Crest, on a helmet, a crane's 
head and neck. 

S' ALF6R : VA 6L. 



Pierre de Burge, oj Belgium. A.D. 161 3. 

22,742. Dark-green: chipped. li in. [xli.v:. 148.] 

St. Peter, with sword and key, standing, holding by the 



536 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

strap a shield of arms : a chevron bctw., in chief, two mullets, 
in base, a man in the moon. 

S' PIECRRE •: DE • BVRGE ■ 1613. 



Lambert de Busco, " Scabinui Lenaclensis," Echevin of 
Lincken, or of L eke in West Flanders, Belg'mm (?). 

22.743. [a.D. 141 3-] Dark-green: fine, i in. [xliii. 119.] 
A shield of arms, vair^ : on a fess three fleurs-de-lis. 

Within a carved and pointed trefoil panel, enriched with open 
tracery outside the points. 

Legend between the points : — 

S' m lab'tt /w tjc «< imfco *< Tralj't »< Irculcfts. 
Beaded border. 

22.744. [a.D. 1413.] Dark- green : fine, [xliii. 120.] 

S' »• lab'ti «i 0c «> bufro «« frab'i *< Ifrulffis. 



Master Michiel Buterne, of Belgium. A.D. 1600. 

22,745. Red : fine, if in. [xlix. 149.] 
A shield of arms : a fess betw. three lions rampant. Crest, 
on a helmet, mantling, and wreath, a demi-lion of the arms, 
o S " M o MICHIEL » BVTERNE » 1600. 



Johannes de Bynnen, Scabimis Maclilinetisis, 
Jlchcvin of Ilechliti, in A nvers, Belgium. 

22,746. [a.D. 1434.] Dark-green : imperfect. About i in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 6153.] 

A shield of arms : two (for three) heads in profile couped, 
on a canton a fish naiant in bend. Supporters, two eagles 
rising reguardant. On foliage. 

Legend broken off". 



Maximilian Cadart, of Belgium. A.D. 1582. 

22,747. Dark-green. 1 1 in. [xlix. 150.] 
A shield of arms : two apes supporting betw. them an 
arrow in pale, barb downwards. 

* SEEL ■ MAXIMILIAN • CADART ■ 1582. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS. 537 

Anthoine Cadiart, of Belgium. 

22,748. [i6th cent.] Dark-green ; indistinct. I^- in. 
[xlix. 151.] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms : an ape, sejant, 
holding an arrow palewise, the barb downwards. 
S » ANTHOINE JS CADIART W D' » M Ss 



Princes Van der Capellen, Barons of the Netherlands. 

22,749. [Modern ?]. Red. I X | in. [xlix. 87.] 
Quadrilateral with rounded corners. A shield of arms : a 
cross ancrt'e.'m the first quarter a chapel, Van DER Capellen 
(Modern). Ensigned with a coronet of seven pearls. Sup- 
porters, two griffins, that on the sin. side reguardant. Two 
pendant badges of Orders below the shield. In base, on a 
scroll, the motto : — 

PIETATE ET FORTITUDINE. 



Johannes de Cervo, Scabinus, or £,chevin \of Maastricht 1\. 

22.750. [a.d. 1382.] Bronze-green : fine, i in. [xliii. 
107.] 

A shield of arms : three horseshoes, two and one. Within 
a pointed trefoil panel, ornamented along the inner edge with 
small quatrefoils. 

S' • lOHANNIS • D6 : CGRVO • SCABINI { 

The pairs of letters AN and AB respectively conjoined. 

Beaded borders. 

22.751. [a.d. 1399.] Another: chipped, [xliii. 108.] 

S' • lOHANNIS « De ! CeRVO • SCABINI J 



Jacques Charlart, of Belgium. 

'2,2,lb2. [i6th cent.] Dark-green : chipped. About li in. 
when perfect, [xlix. 159.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a stag's head couped ; 
2, 3. on a bend three eagles' heads bendwise. Crest, on a 
horned helmet, mantling and wreath, two crested proboscides. 
° S = lACQVES = CHARLART. (0 



538 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Hu . . . . du Chasteau, of Belgium. 

22,753. [i6thcent.] Dark-green : imperfect. I in. [xlix. 
152.] 

A griffin segreant, holding a shield of arms : a castle or 
cJiateau, in allusion to the name of the owner, in base, three 
crosses crosslet. 

S' • HV CHASTEAV. 



Dynis, or Dinis Van Choene, Scabitms, Scepen, or 

Eclievin of Sintnideti. 

22,754. [a.D. 1412.] Bronze-green: imperfect. About 
i in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 18,206.] 

A shield of arms, couche: a pile surmounted by another. 
Crest, on a helmet and mantling, broken off. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

S • Dtntf • ban • djocur. 



Wynardus de Cigno, £,chevin of Maastricht. 

22,755. [a.D. 1347.] Bronze-green: imperfect. About 
\ in. when perfect, [xliii. 90.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend two illegible charges, perhaps 

flower-vases. Supporters, two swans. In a cusped and pointed 

trefoil panel. 

. . . INARDVS • De • CIG . . . 



Egidius dictus Cluetinc, Scabinus BruxelUnsis, 

£,clievin of Brussels. 

22.756. [a.D. 1444.] Bronze-green : fine, imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,753.] 

A shield of arms, coiickd : three fleurs-de-lis, couped at the 
base, two and one, for CluTINCK. Crest, on a helmet, out of 
a coronet, broken off. Supporter, {dex. only), a lion rampant. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

• S' ♦ gtrlus • clurt 

22.757. [a.d. 1444.] Bronze-green : fine, very imperfect. 
[Add. ch. 12,754-] 

. S' • girlus • 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 539 

22,758. [a.d. 1444.] Bronze-green : imperfect. [Add. ch. 

12,755-] 

The crest remains on this impression : an eagle's head and 
neck. 

S gtc 



'Arnoldus Glut, Scabimts Trajectensis ac Ciirice Lynculensis, 
Bchevin of Maastricht and of the Coiir of L incken. 

22.759. [a.d. 1414.] Bronze-green : fine, chipped, i in. 
[xliii. 122.] 

A shield of arms : (two for) three escallops, two and one, 
on a canton a cross engrailed. Cf. Clutz, of Belghim, who 
also bears a cross engrailed, impaling three escallops, another 
form of these armorials. Within a carved cinquefoil panel 
ornamented with a small rose or cinquefoil in each of the 
spandrils. 

S % arnolSt % clut % fcail % fictrii % a.t % cur' % Ignculcn. 

22.760. Another: fine, chipped, [xliii. 123.] 

S « arnoIDi % clut % Tcabi % Xxtitv. % ^t % cur' % lynculcff. 



Gerardus Clut, Scepen, or £chevin of Maastricht. 

22,761. [Early 15th cent.] Bronze-green: fine, chipped. 
I in. [xliii. 124.] 

A shield of arms : (two for) three escallops, two and one, 
on a canton a cross engrailed, Clutz. Within a carved and 
traced trefoil panel, ornamented with flory points, and on the 
inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

Legend betw. the points : — 



S » gcrarts • clut % fccpcns «< triccljt «< 



Le Cocq, of Belgium. 

22,762. [i6thcent.] Red : originally fine, now discoloured, 
imperfect. i\ in. [xlix. 153.] 

A shield of arms : three mascles, (the lower one broken off) 
on an escutcheon a cock. Crest, on a helmet, ornamental 
mantling and wreath, a cock. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

• SEEL LE • COCQ, 



540 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Philippe Cospeau, of Belgium. 

22.763. [i6lhccnt.] Dark-green : originally fine, now much 
chipped. About \-^ in. when perfect, [xlix. 154.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. three staples or padlocks, 
2, 3. a cross voided. Crest, on a helmet, ornamental mantling 
of foliage, and wreath, broken off, perhaps a pair of horns. 

° S o PHILI[P]PE c [COSPJEAV c°o 

22.764. Another : very much chipped, [.xli.x. 155.] 

« S o PH .... E o [ClOSPEAV <,°o 



Pierre CosY)edi.M, of Belgium. A.D. 161 3. 
22,765. Dark-green : somewhat indistinct. i| in. [.xlix. 

155.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. three staples or padlocks, 
2, 3. a cross voided, in sin. chief canton of the 2nd quarter, a 
mullet. Crest, on a helmet and ornamental mantling a cap (?) 
and pair of bull's horns. 

• SEEL ■ PIERRE ■ COSPEAV • 1613. 



Michiel Van Coudekerke, of Zeeland, in Netherlands. 

22.766. [15th cent] Red: very indistinct. | in. [xxxv. 

34I-] 

A shield of arms : ermine, on a canton ox franc-qiiartier, a 

mullet. 

e= S' MICHIEL VA COVDGKeRKe. 

Beaded borders. 

Henricus [Coudenberg] dictits Rolibuch, 
Scabinus Bnixcllciisis, Iichevin of Brussels. 

22.767. [.\.D. 13S5.] Bronze-green : chipped. About 
i in. when perfect [Add. ch. i2,74l] 

A shield of arms, couche : a fess, in chief a lion issuing from 
the fess. Cf. Coudenberg dit ROLLIBUC. Crest on a 
helmet and lambrequin or short mantling, a cock's head and 
neck issuing from a ducal crown. Background diapered 
lozengy with a small quatrefoil in each interstitial space. 
© S' 6NRICI • DIG ■ ROLIBV . . 

Beaded borders. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS. 54I 

Hugo de Coudenberg. 

See Hugo de Frigido-Monte 



Johannes de Coudenberg. 
See Johannes de Frigido-Monte. 



Monseignor Daniel de Courtrai, of Belgium, Chevalier. 

22.768. [a.d. 1275.] Sulph. cast from a good, but chipped, 
impression. About if x i-g- in. when perfect, [cxxix. 274.] 

Shield-shaped : a shield of arms : chevronelly of eight, or 
four chevrons. Cf three chevrons, COURTRAY, of Flanders. 

* S' MOHS6GN D6 COVRTl CHR. 

Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,366. 

Adrien Cousin, of Belgium. 

22.769. [i6th cent] Dark-green : chipped. i| in. [xlix. 

A shield of arms : three thistles slipped, springing from a 
terrasse. Crest, on a helmet, ornamental mantling of foliage 
and wreath, a thistle of the arms. 

Legend on a scroll. 

• S' ADRIEN •*••«• COVSIN ■ »• 



Vincent CowtioTO., of Belgiujii. 

22,770. [i6th cent.] Dark-green : chipped. ri in. 
[xlix. 158.] 

A griffin segreant, holding by the strap a shield of arms : 
two fishes addorsed palewise in fess, in chief an uncertain 
charge for difference. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

S' • VINCENT COVVION. 



Wernerus Crans, Consul Civitatis Swolleiisis, 
Deput. Ordinar. /« Consessu DD. Ordinum Gener. unit. 
Belgii Provinciar. 

22,77L [a.d. 1659.] Red: en placard. \ x ,\ in. [Slo. 
ch. xxxii. 57.] 



542 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Oval : a shield of arms : a chaplet or garland. Crest, on a 
helmet and mantling a similar chaplet, betw. two wings erect, 
in the field the initials W. C. 

Cabled border. 



Arnoul de Cruninghen, al. Kruiningen, Chevalier. 

11,11'2,. [a.D. 1375.] Sulph. cast from indistinct impres- 
sion, i-i- in. [cxxxii. 31.] 

A shield of arms, coiic/u': three pales, CruYNINGEN, oj 

Zee/and mid Flanders. Crest, on a helmet a Moor's head, 

betw. two wings or vol a f antique. Background replenished 

with wavy sprigs of foliage. Within a cusped panel or border. 

S' ARNOLDI .... CRVNTGHGN • MILITIS. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,815. 

Arnould Dae. • • , of Belgium. 

22,773. [i6th cent.] Dark-green : imperfect. i-i- in. 
[xlix. 160.] 

1\ bishop or archbishop, standing, with mitre, book, and 
cross ; at his side an ornamental shield of arms : a lion 
rampant, qjteue flory. 

ARNOVLD DAG . . . . R. 



Jan, Lord of Daussois. 
See Jan Robaulx. 



Plorent Deschamps, of Belgium. 

22,774. [i6th cent] Bronze-green : very imperfect. About 
l-jij- in. when perfect, [.xli.x. 162.] 

An angel, half-length, with expanded wings, holding a 
shield of arms : quarterly ; I, 4, a chevron betw. three crosses 
crosslet, 2. a boar's head, couped, 3. lion rampant. 

S' JFlorcut [lifr]rt)amps. 



Daniel de Diteren, Scabinus Trajectensis, 

£chevin of Maastricht. 

1.1,11b. [a.D. 1401.] Bronze-green : fine, i-j^ in. [xliii. 



115.] 



THE NETHERLANDS :— HERALDIC SEALS. S43 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant crowned. Background 
replenished with slipped flowers. Within a six-foil panel 
ornamented along the inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

J S> * tianidts *< Be «« flitcwn «< fcabt «< t'irctrf «< 

Beaded borders. 



Lois de Doulx, of Belgium. 

11,11%. [ 1 6th cent.] Dark-green: well-preserved. i| in. 
[xhx. 163.] 

A representation of St. Louis, standing, crowned, holding 
sceptres. Before him a shield of arms : a horse salient. 
• S • LOIS • LE ■ DOVLX •. 



Jean Le Ducq, of Belgium. 

11,111. [16th cent.] Red : good, injured in places by 
pressure, i:^ in. [xlix. 164.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a fess betw. three ducks 
or martlets, for Le Due, 2, 3. three cinquefoils. 
• Ss • S • lEAN • LE • DVCQ. 

Inner border cabled. 



Michael Le Ducq, of Belgium. 

22,778. [i6th cent.] Red: chipped, i^ in. [xlix. 165.] 
Two angels or winged figures, wearing caps, holding by the 
strap a shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a chevron betw. three 
trefoils, 2, 3. three saltires, two and one, humetty. 
S' ■ Ml + DVCQ. 



Nicolas Le Ducq, of Belgium. 
11,179. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green : imperfect. i in. 
[xlix. 166.] 

A merman, [with helmet, breast-plate, sword, and plumed 
crest], holding by the strap a shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. 
a chevron betw. three trefoils, 2, 3. three saltires, two and one, 
humetty. Cf No. 22,778. 
Legend on a scroll : — 

CS'] NICCOLAS • LIE • DVCQ. 



544 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

22,780. Another : imperfect, [xlix. 167.] 
. . NICOLAS 



Matheas Dunnen, Scabinits Trajcctensis, 
J^chevin of Maastricht. 

22.781. [a.D. 1402.] Bronze-green : fine, chipped, i in. 
[xliii. 1 16.] 

A shield of arms : barry of ten, a lion rampant crowned, 
charged on the shoulder with an escutcheon. Within an 
elaborately carved quatrefoil panel, the lines of the tracery 
are cabled. 

S • martjcc • tmnurn • fraJjint • traitctcf. 

Cabled border. 

Matheus Dunnen, Scabiniis Trajectensis, 
hchevin of Alaastricht. 

22.782. [a.D. 1398.] Bronze-green. \\^ in. [xliii. 114.] 
A shield of arms : barry of ten, a lion rampant crowned. 

Within a cusped panel of eight points, ornamented along the 
inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

•ss % % matljct -« Duimrn % frai'i % trattrtrnrtf. 

At the end of the legend, a wyvern. 



Jehan E. . . . t (P), of Belgium. 

22,783. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green : chipped. Originally 
app. to a deed by a green silk ribbon, i in. [xlix. 169.] 
A shield of arms : a garb. 



Legend on a scroll : — 



scfl • \ ' tdjan 



Claus, or Claes Van der Elst, Scepen in Aviwerpen, 
Iichevin of Antwerp. 

22,784. [a.D. 1412.] Bronze-green: fine, i in. [Add. 
ch. 12,744.] 

A shield of arms, concli^: quarterly ; 1,4. a tree, 2, 3. three 
chevronels, for Van DER Elst, of Flanders. Crest, on a 
helmet, a wing erect, charged with the same armorial bearings 



THE NETHERLANDS :— HERALDIC SEALS. 545 

as on the shield. Supporters, two damoiselles or ladies. la 
the background two wavy sprigs of foliage. 

: S « clac9 I • bauDrr • rift. 



Jhan Van Elverdingk. 

22,785. [14th cent.] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from matrix. |- in. [xlvii. 1467.] 

A shield of arms : four bars, a canton or franc-qiiarticr. 
Above the shield a patriarchal cross, perhaps used as a 
merchant's mark. 

St S' IHAN VAN SLVeRDINGK. 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 125. 



Siger de Enghien. 

See Siger de Aengen. 



Walter, Lord of Enghien. 
See Walter, Lord of Ang . . 



Gerard de Erenbaldengem, Chevalier. 

22,786. [a.D. 1244.] Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2^ in. [cxxxi. 62.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, debruised by a bend. 

. . . G6RARDI • 06 • 6R6NBALDeNGeM. 
D'Arcq, No. 2088. 



Frederic Evrard, of Belgium. 

11,12>1. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green : somewhat injured 
by pressure, i-^ in. [xli.x. 168.] 

A shield of arms : two staves raguly in saltire, betw. in 
chief a sun-star, at the flank two estoiles, in base an eagle 
rising. Crest on a helmet and mantling, an estoile on an 
uncertain charge. 

• SJ • S ■ « • FREDERIC ■ » • EVRARD • i5 • 
VOL. VI. 2 N 



546 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

John de Fleitingis, Scabinus Trajectensis, £.chevin of 
Maastricht. 

22,788. [a.D. 1 361.] Bronze-green : chipped at edge. 
i in. [.xliii. 93.] 

A shield of arms: vaire, on a canton billetty, a .hon 
rampant, queue fourchi-e passee en sautoir, crowned. Betw. 
three wavy sprigs of foliage. 

fii S' IGHANS ■ DG ■ FLeiTG • SCAB • TRA. 



Hugo de Frigido-Monte, i.e. Coudenberg, Scabinus 
Biiixelleiisis, hchevin of Brussels. 

22,789. [a.D. 1378.] Bronze-green : fragmentary. About 
\ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,740.] 

A shield of arms : two (for three) towers, each with two 
windows and a portal, on a canton or franc-quartier a lion 
rampant, for CoUDENBERG, one of the seven patrician families 
of Brussels. Within a trefoil panel. 

e> S' H [G]0[VD]6NBeR[G.] 



Johannes de Prigido-Monte, / e., Coudenberg, Scabinus 

Bruxelleiisis, llchevin of Brussels. 

22,790. [a.D. 1372.] Bronze-green: imperfect. I in. 
[Add. ch. 12,738.] 

A shield of arms : on a fess three towers, in chief a demi- 
lion rampant issuing from the fess, for CoUDENBERG. Within 
a carved and pointed sixfoil panel. Background within and 
without the panel charged with trefoils. 

[SieGHGL IAN S .... I BVX' » 



Anthoine Garin (?), of Belgium. A.D. 1677. 

22,791. Dark bronze-green: very indistinct. \\ in. 
[xlix. 219.] 

A draped figure, in the r. h. a sickle. Before him a shield 
of arms : a tree eradicated. 

S' ANTHOINE ■ GARIN • 1677.(0 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 547 



Pierre Gave, of Belgium. 

22,792. [i6th cent] Bronze-green, ijin. [xlix. 170.] 
A shield of arms: quarterly; i, 4. an estoile, of twelve 

points, for GAVE ; 2, 3. three triple branches, two and one. 

Crest, on a horned helmet and ornamental mantling of foliage, 

on a cap an estoile as in the arms. 
Legend on a scroll : — 

» S » PIERRE » a GAVE St 



Jacobus Gelrensis, or Jacques of Gueldres, Seal used by 

John Parker, Baker and Citizen of London. 
22,793. [a.D. 1401.] Red : indistinct. \ in. [Harl. ch. 
55 H. 2.] 

A shield of arms : a rose en soled. Within a panel of 
triangular form enriched with tracery. 
Legend betw. the points : — 

S' IA^COBI_GGI Re_-M 



Sveder, Lord of Ghaesbeke. 
See SwEDER, Lord of FuTEN. 



Dominus Johannes, Baro de Ghent, Dotnini/s in Osterwede, 

Prcefectiis Curice Fendalis, necnon Priniarius in Falcobnrgo 

fudex, Depnt. Ordinar. in Consessu D D. Ordinuni 

Gener. unit. Belgii Provinciaruui. 

22.794. [a.D. 1659.] Red : en placard. |- X -/s- 'i- 
[Slo. ch. ,xxxii. 57.] 

Oval: a shield of arms: quarterly; i, 4. fess ; 2, 3. two 
bars embattled counter-embattled. Ensigned with the ancient 
coronet of a count. 

Cabled border. 

Guillaume de Ghistelles, Chevalier, of Belgium. 

22.795. [a.D. 1275.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2-rV in. [cxxix. 386.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron, GHISTELLES (COUNTS),^/ 
Flanders. 

* S' WILL6LMI • D€ • GHISSTCLLA • MILITIS. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,406. 

2 N 2 



548 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Riemst Van Giese. 

22,796. [14th cent] Bronze-green : chipped, indistinct. 
f in. [xliii. 130.] 

A shield of arms : vaire {in fess point an estoile?). Within 
a trefoil or panel of three ogee points. 

» t fcgcl )« ricmft t* » J b S gif fr. 



Arnould Giivoit, of Belgium. 

22,1Q1. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green: chipped. i^ in. 
[xlix. 171.] 

A griffin segreant, holding by the strap a shield of arms : 
a chevron betw. three cinquefoil roses, barbed and seeded. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

iS S 6 ARNOVLD ft GIFROIT ft 



Robert Gilles, of Belgium. 

22,798. [16th cent.] Bronze-green: chipped. Originally 
app. to a deed by a green silk ribbon, i in. [.xli.x. 172.] 

An angel or winged figure, standing full-face, holding in 
the r. h., by a strap, a shield of arms : two processional crosses 
in saltire, in chief a mullet for difference. 

Legend on a scroll : — • 

: ROBERT : GILLES : 



Senl of a Belgian Family used by Matthew Gooddinge, 
of Ipswich, CO. Suff. 

22,799. [a.D. 1564.] Red: imperfect, indistinct. 1 in. 
[Add. ch. 26,340.] 

An angel, half-length, supporting in front a shield of arms : 
a fleur-de-lis. 

Legend on a scroll, illegible. 



Philippe de Gorge, of Belgium. 

22,800. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green : imperfect, indistinct. 
IJ in. [xlix. 174.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. on a bend three arrow- 
heads bcndwise ; 2. gyronny of ten (for a whirlpool, GORGES) ; 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 549 

3. bendy of six. Above the shield a divine figure, with a 
nimbus, three-quarters length, holding a long cross and book. 

• S ; PHI DE • GORGE. 

22,801. Another: indistinct, injured. Originally app, to a 
deed by a green silk ribbon, [xlix. 175.] 

• S' ■ PHILl . . . . DE • GORGE. 



Jacques de Gorges, of Belgium. 

22,802. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green. Originally app. to 
a deed by a green silk ribbon. 14 in. [xlix. 173.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. on a bend three eagles' 
heads ; 2. gyronny of ten (for a whirlpool, GORGES) ; 3. a 
bend cotised. Crest, on a helmet, ornamental mantling of 
foliage, and wreath, an eagle's head. 

• S ■ lACQVES ■ DE ■ GORGES. 



Johannes Griter, Scabinus de Trajecto, hchevin of 
]\laastricht. 

22,803. [14th cent.] Bronze-green : injured, edge chipped. 
I- in. [xliii. 131.] 

A shield of arms : three bars gcmel. Betw. three horse- 
shoes. Within a pointed trefoil panel. 

S' ■ lOH' • GRITGR • SCAB'I • De ■ T'lCCTO. 



Fredericus a Grovestins, in Engltiin, Djininns in Jepina cum 

annexis ad Nykei-ck, etc., Deput. Ordinar. in Consessu 

D.D. Ordinum Gcner. unit. Belgii Provinciarum. 

22,804. [.■\.D. 1659.] 'R.&d : en placard. \X-^m. [Slo. ch. 
xxxii. 57.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : three estoiles of si.x points in pale. 
Crest, on a helmet and ornamental mantling, out of a ducal 
coronet a plume of three ostrich feathers, each charged witli 
the armorial bearings. 



Edward, Z^.vX'^? fl/ Gueldres, Count of ZuipJien. 
22,805. [a.D. 1369.] Red: fine, chipped at top. U in. 
[Add. ch. 1259.] 



S50 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, crowned, queue fourchee 
pass^e en sautoir, GUELDRES. Betw. three small roses, and 
two sixfoils. Within a double trilobe or panel composed of 
three large alternated with so many small cusps or lobes, and 
ornamented along the inner edge with small quatrefoils. 
In each of the spandrils, or spaces between the panel and the 
inner annulus, a wyvern. 

cs' €Dw:ardi Dei gra' dvx GHeLRCN' ex 

COMIX' ZVXPH 

Beaded border. 



Guillaume VI., Ditke of Gueldres. 
See Guillaume Vi., Duke ^/Juliers, etc No. 22,831. 



Guillaume, Duke of Gueldres. 
5^<r Guillaume de Juliers, Duke, etc. No. 22,832. 



Marie de Gxiel^irei, Duc/iess of Juliers, etc. A.D. 1388. 
See No. 21,555. 



Mary of Gueldres, Queen Consort of Scotland, etc. 
See Vol. IV., p. 38, No. 14,897. 



Reinaud, Duke of Gueldres. 
See Renaud, Duke (/ Julieks, etc. No. 22,833. 



Jean de Havin, of Belgium. 

22,806. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green: chipped, somewhat 
indistinct, i; in. [xlix. 176.] 

An unicorn salient, supporting a shield of arms, concha : a 
bunch of grapes slipped, in chief three estoiles. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

• S • lEAN • DE • HAVIN. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS. 55 I 

George de Heest, of Belgium. 

22,807. [i6thccnt.] Bronze-green: fine, imperfect. i|in. 
[xlix. 177.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron betw. two trefoils slipped in 
chief, and an uncertain charge in base. Crest, on a horned 
helmet, ornamental mantling of foliage, and wreath ; an 
unicorn's head. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

. . . ORGE ■ DE • HEEST. 



Domimis Nycholaus van den Heetuelde, 
Scabinus Bruxellensis, £,chevin of Brussels. 

22,808. [ad. 1455.] Bronze-green: good, very imperfect. 
About I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,759.] 

A shield of arms, couch^: on a bend thiee mallets in bend, 
in chief an escutcheon charged with a lion rampant. For 
Van den Heetvelde, of Brabant. (Arms partly ancient, 
partly modern). Crest, on a helmet, the bust of a king in 
profile to the r., crowned and vested. Supporters, (two) 
savages. 

a • 5fn 



Dirck Heinrich Zoen, Schepen of Haarlem. 

22,809. [a.d. 1481.] Dark-green: fragments. [Add. ch. 
12,761.] 

An angel supporting a shield of arms : three arrows bend- 
wise, in sill, chief a decrescent for difference. 

le' Dire e> . . . . 



Egidius de Happen, Scabinus Trafectensis, 

Echevin of Maastricht. 

22,810. [a.d. 1346.] Light bronze-green: good, chipped. 
I in. [xliii. 89.] 

A shield of arms : three flints or briquets, on a canton a 
lion rampant. Betw. three pairs of leaves, 

* S' eClD . . D€ N • SCAB'I • TICT'. 



552 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Godefridus de Hese, Scabimts Trajectcnsis, 
llchcviii of Maastricht. 

22,811. [a.d. 1382.] Bronze-green : chipped. I in. [xliii. 
109.] 

A shield of arms : three horse-shoes, two and one. Within 
a pointed trefoil panel, ornamented along the inner edge with 
small quatrefoils. 

.... oUrfOt Of fjrfc [sca]l)ini t'lfctrnrif. 

Beaded borders. 



Johannes de Hese, Scabimis Trajectcnsis, 
llchcviii of Maastricht. 
22,812. [a.d. 1352.] Bronze-green: imperfect, indistinct. 
About -{-i in. when perfect, [xliii. 91.] 

A shield of arms : barry of eight, in dex. chief the attires 
of a stag. Betw. three palm-branches. 

se • SCAB' Tiec . . . 



Gerelinus Heynetait, Scabii/iis Bruxellensis, 

Echci 'ill of Brussels. 

22,813. [a.d. 1297.] Green: fragmentary. About ^ in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,726.] 

A lion rampant, on the sin. three roundles. Probably 
heraldic. 

Legend broken off. 



Jehan de Hochan, of Belgium. 

22,814. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green : imperfect. 1 in. 
[xlix. 178.] 

A wild-man with a club holding a shield of arms : the 
charges broken away, with exception of a crescent in sin. 
chief. 

Sctl • tfljan . . Ijorija . . . 



Jacop Van Hoem, Schout tot Apsteden biiyten bij Wtreclit. 

22,815. [a.d. 1535.] Green : edge injured. ItV '"■ [Add. 
ch. 12,742 c] 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS. 553 

A shield of arms : a fleur-de-lis betw. three estoiles of eight 
points. Suspended by a strap. Cf. Van HooRN, of the 
Netherlands. 

• I S ! ♦ tacop : ua : ijoont. 



Gerard de Hofsteden, Scabinus Machlineiisis, 
Echevi/i of Mcchlhi. 

22,816. [a.D. 1434.] Bronze-green : chipped, i in. [Add. 
ch. 6153.] 

A shield of arms : a fess frctty of four pieces, or two saltires 
fesswise. Above the shield, two estoiles or flowers. 

. . tafemams : gc Be ijofftaflcn. 



Gysbertus van der Hoolck, Ex-Consjil et Senator 

Civitatls Ultrajectensis, Dcputai. Ordinar. in Consessu 

D.D. Ordintiin Gener. unit. Belgii Provinciarum. 

22,817. [a.D. 1659.] V.td^ : en placard. jJ- x | in. [SIo. 
ch. .x.xxii. 57.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. bendy of six, the 
second bend charged with three plates (or rather three bends, 
on the central one as many roundles) ; 2, 3. a cross, in dex. 
chief a mermaid, an escutcheon charged with a cross over all 
in fess point. Crest, on a helmet and ornamental mantling, a 
wing erect. 



Alfer Van der Horste, Knape. 

22,818. [.\.D. 1363.] Bronze-green : chipped, imperfect. 
\ in. [Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : barry wavy of eight, in chief over all a 
label of three points. Within a cusped trefoil panel. 

VAN D6R . . . RST • K . . . 



Pierre de Hubert, al. Huijbert, Seigneur de Rengerskerck, 

Everswaert, a Burg, and Haeinstede, 

Conseiller Plenipoteutiare de la Provifice de Zelande, 

Plenipotentiary of the Netherlands at the Treaty of Breda. 

22,819. [a.D. 1667.] Red: en placard, i x Jin. [Slo. ch. 
xxxii. 56.] 



554 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

A shield of arms : three herrings naiant in pale, crowned, 
HuiJBERT. Ensigned with a coronet. Bctw. two palm- 
branches, tied at the base. 

See Du Mont, Corps Universel Diplomatique, 1731, torn. vii. 
pt. I, p. 51. 



Charles Hulin, of Belgium. 

22.820. [i6thccnt.] Dark-green : good, edge bent, [.xli.x. 

1 79-] 

A shield of arms ; a lion rampant, in chief three estoiles. 
Crest, on a helmet with horns and chapeau, an estoile. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

sa SEEL • CHARLES • HVLIN • « • 

22.821. Another, [xlix. 180.] 

» SEEL • CHARLES • HVLIN • « • 



Gautier de Hulst, Cluvalier, of Belgium. 

22.822. [A.D. 1244] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
I| in. [cxxix. 405.] 

A shield of arms : a fess debruised by a bendlet. 

» S' WALT6RI • De • HVLST : MILITIS. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,414. 

Jean de Ipra, or Ypres, Chevalier, of Belgium. 

22.823. [A.D. 1256.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2 in. [cxxxi. 89.] 

A shield of arms : two, for three, lozenges, di franc-quartier. 

^ S' • lOH'ANIS : MILITIS : DE IPRA. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,515. 

Macharius de Jecora, Scabiuus Trajcctensis, 
£chevin of Maastricht. 

22.824. [.\.D. 1379.] Bronze-green : imperfect [xliii. 105.] 
A shield of arms : the attires of a stag, in chief an estoile 

of six points. Within a pointed trefoil panel, ornamented 
along the inner edge with small quatrcfoils. 

MACHARI SCAB'I • TieCTeN'. 

Beaded borders. 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS. 555 

Anthoine Le Jeusne, al. Le Jeune, of Belgium. 

22,825. [i6th cent.] Dark-green: chipped. I in. [xli.x. 
I8i.] 

A figure of St. Anthony, standing, with book and bell ; on 
his 1. side his accustomed emblem, a pig ; on the r. a shield of 
arms : two branches of palm or willow in saltier, cantoned 
with four estoiles. 

• S • ANTHOINe • « LE • lEVSNE • 



Anthoine Le Jeux, of Belgium. 

22,826. [i6th cent] Dark-green: chipped, i in. [xli.x. 
182.] 

A griffin segreant, in its beak the strap of a shield of arms : 
a chevron betw., in chief two estoiles, in base an ass's head 
cabosscd. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

• S : ANTHOINE : LE : lEVX. 



Alard Pierre longestall, [Premier Couseillcr, 

President en la Coiir de Jnstiee de Frise], Plenipotentiary of 

the Netherlands at the Treaty of Breda. 

22,827. [a.D. 1667.] YLcd : en placard. -JL^ x J- in. [Slo. 
ch. xxxii. 56.] 

Octagonal signet from a ring : a shield of arms : a tree 
terrasse, betw. (two lions rampant combatant ?). Crest, on a 
helmet and mantling a demi-lion rampant. 

Cf. J. du Mont, Corps Universel Diplomatique., Amsterdam, 1731, 
torn, vii., pt. I, p. 51. 



Johannes de Juleimont, al. Juleymont, 
Scabiuns Trajectensis, ^chevin of Maastricht. 

22,828. [a.D. 1402.] Green: chipped, ff^ in. [xliii. 117.] 
A shield of arms : a cross lozengy. Within an elaborately 
traced trefoil panel. 

I* 5' • ioij'is • tit >»■». tulctmont • fr *< s», abint • traicrt it 



Johannes de Juleymont, Scabinus Trajectensis, 
£chevin of Maastricht. 

22,829. [a. P. 1385.] Bronze-green: good, edge slightly 
chipped. ; in. [xliii. 1 10.] 



5S6 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



A shield of arms : a cross lozengy. Betw. three sprigs of 
foliage. 

S' • lOHANNes ; De • ivlgymgnt. 



Guillaume IV., Count of Juliers. 
Secretiun. 

22.830. [a.D. 1328.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
\\ in. [cxxxi. 91.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, JULIERS. 

e» S' ! SeCRGTl ; WILHGLMI ! COMITIS : IVLIACGNSIS. 
Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,085. 

Guillaume VI., Duke of Juliers and Gueldres. 

Second seal. 

22.831. [a.D. 1383.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
i-L^- in. [cxxxi. 92.] 

A shield of arms, ^owc/'c': a lion rampant, JULIERS. Crest, 
on a helmet, lambrequin or volet, and chapeau, a wolf's head 
betw. two wings erect. Background replenished with foliage 
and flowers. Within a carved bilobe panel ornamented with 
small quatrefoils along the inner edge. In the spaces at each 
side, a man-at-arms (?) half-length, with a pointed casque. 

S' • totHj' • tsti - g[fa •] Hue • iul[iac • ct • gcUcn.] 

Beaded border. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,089, without description of the crest, etc.; and the 
last word of the legend given as flVfftg. 



Guillaume de Juliers, Duke of Gueldres and Juliers, 

Count of Zutpheti. 

22,832. [a.D. 1 401.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
2 in. [cxxxi. 93.] 

Within an enceinte, with doorway in the foreground, port- 
cullis down, and at the sides two embattled side towers on 
each of which is an angel with expanded wings, a shield of 
arms : per pale, dex. a lion rampant coittourni', crowned, queue 
fourcht'e passee en sautoir, sin. a lion rampant, JULIERS. Above 
the shield a canopy of five semicircular arches, with two 



THE NETHERLANDS :— HERALDIC SEALS. 557 

turrets or pinnacles resembling watch-towers of a castle, 
probably intended to connect the canopy with the enceinte. 

S' • imlljT • Df • iultaco • Dei • gra • Buris • gcUc 
z • tul' • z • coltis • futpljau /« 

D'Arcq, No. 1 1,091. 

Renaud, Duke of Juliers and Gueldres, Ccnint of Zutphen. 

22.833. [a.D. 1405. J Sulph. cast from good, but chipped, 
impression. 2i in. [cxxxi. 94.] 

Two shields of arms, couches, inclined towards each other : 
dex. a lion rampant, contourne, for JULIER.S. Crest, on a helmet 
and short mantling a lion's head, contournee, in a vol, or betw. 
two wings erect ; sin. a lion rampant crowned, qiieue fourchee 
passce en sautoir, for GUELDRES. Crest, on a helmet and 
short mantling, on a coronet, a peacock's tail. Background 
replenished with sprigs of foliage and flowers. 

S' » rrmalDi <« Oucis » tuliacenfis *< ct « g «< 

romitis «< sutpijanwr. 

Inner border ornamented with small quatrefoils. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,092. 

Jehan Junker, of Belgium. 

22.834. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green: chipped. ^ in. 
[xlix. 183.] 

A shield of arms : a crescent, in base a mullet. On a 
flowered ground. Within a pointed trefoil panel. 

S !«.«< tdjan * lunUrr » 

Beaded borders. 



Lambert de Kestil, Scabinus Trajcctcnsis, 
Echevin of Maastricht. 

22,835. [a.D. 1364.] Greenish-brown : fine, imperfect. 
About f in. when perfect, [xliii. 96.] 

A shield of arms : three chevrons, in dex. chief a lion's face. 
Within a cusped sixfoil panel ornamented with six small 
flowers in the lobes, and small quatrefoils along the inner 
edge. 

e> s" LAMB re • scabm • tigctn. 

Beaded borders. 



Arnoul de Kruiningen. 

5f^ Arnoul de Ckuninghen. 



558 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Derkin de Laeken, of Belgium. 

22.836. [a.D. 1244] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
li in. [cxxix. 424.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, debruiscd with a baton. 

^ SIGILLVM • DeRKINI • D6 ■ LAK6. 

22.837. Another sulph. cast from the same impression, 
[cxxxi. 96.] 

D'Arcq, No. 10,418. 

Her Jan Van Langheraec, Ridder. 

22.838. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green: imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant, and label of three points. 
LangerACK, of Holland. Within a carved six-foil panel. 
.... 10 ... N ... . RAG • MILI . . . 



Jehan Laurent, of Belgium. 

22,839. [[6th cent] Red : imperfect. iJ- in. [xlix. 184.] 
A shield of arms : on a chevron betw. (three) estoiles, as 

many uncertain charges. Crest, on a helmet, ornamental 

mantling of foliage, and wreath, a lion's head. 

S' • lEHAN • [LJAVRENT. 



Laurent, of Belgium. 

22,840. [ 1 6th cent.] Bronze-green: very imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect, [xlix. 222.] 

A shield of arms : a boar's head couped, in dex. chief an 
estoile. Supporters, two lions rampant, guardant, holding the 
shield-strap in the inner paw. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

AVReNT. 



Jean, Lord of Lecke. 
See ]y.k^ de Pollanen. 



THE NETIIF;RLAND.S : — HERALDIC SEALS. 559 

Florence de Leopardo, Echevin of Maastricht. 

22,841. [a.D. 1344.] Greenish-brown: fine, imperfect. 
About i in. when perfect, [xliii. 88.] 

A shield "of arms : a lion rampant or leopard. Within a 
chaplet or border charged with ten cinquefnil flowers. 

OPA .... 



Her Jacob Van Lichtenberch, Ridder. 

22,842. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green : imperfect, indistinct. 
i in. [Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : three fleurs-de-lis, within a bordure 
engrailed, over all in chief a label of as many points. Within 
a six-foil panel of tracery. 

BGRCH ■ MILITIS. 



Jehanne, Duchess of Limburg, or Lymburg. 

See Jehanne, wife of Wenceslaus of Bohemla., 
Diike, etc. No. 22,729. 



Wenceslaus, Dtikc of Limburg, or Lymburg. 
See Wenceslaus of Bohemia, Duke, etc. No. 22,728. 



Jehan de Lodencourt. 

22,843. [14th cent] Recent impression in gutta-percha 
from the matrix, found in the Molendinar-burn, Glasgow, 
if in. [xlvii. I445-] 

A shield of arms, couche: an eagle displayed, debruised by 
a bend. Crest on a helmet and chapeau a wj'vern, tail nowy. 
Background diapered with a reticulated pattern, ornamented 
with a pierced cinquefoil in each interstitial space. 

leHAN D6 LODeNCOVRT. 
Beaded borders. 

Laing, Suppl. Catal. of Scottish Seals, No. 1295. 



Jehanne, Duchess of Lothier. 

See Jehanne, ivife of Wenceslaus of Bohemia. 
Duke, etc. No. 22,729. 



560 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Wenceslaus, Duke of Lothier. 
See Wenceslaus of BoHE>nA, Duke, etc. No. 22,728. 



Nicolas Le Louchier, of Belgium. 

22,844. [16th cent] Red: chipped. U in. [xli.K. 185.] 

A shield of arms : seme of crosses crosslet f tehees, three 

louches, i.e., ladles, two and one, Le Louchier. Crest, on a 

horned helmet and ornamental mantling of foliage, broken off. 

[S NICOLAS ■ LE • LOVGH[IER]. 



Walleran de Lucembourc, Count of Liney, and of St. Pol, 
Lord of Fiennes, and Chdtelaiii of Lisle. 

5^^ Vol. v., p. 774, No. 20,319. 



Jehanne, Duchess of Luxemberg. 

See jEiiANNE, zvife of Wenceslaus of Bohemia, 
Duke, etc. No. 22,729. 



Wenceslaus, Duke of Luxemburg. 
See Wenceslaus of Boheml\, Duke, etc. No. 22,728. 



Nicolas de Macg . . . . \ . . ., of Belgium. 

22,845. [iGth cent.] Dark-green: indistinct. i^ in. 
[.xli.x. 186.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend betw. two estoiles, three 
mullets (?). Over the shield a horned helmet, with ornamental 
mantling of foliage, and wreath. No crest. 

S' • NICOLAS • DE • MACG ... L ... . 



Andrieu Malapert, of Belgium. 

22,846. [i6th cent.] Dark-green: edge chipped. 1 1^ in. 
[xlix. 187.] 

A shield of arms, ccuchc : seme of fleurs-de-lis, MALAPERT, 
(Modern), in chief three cinqucfoils pierced, below these, on 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS. 561 

the sin. a label of three points, on the dex. a quarter or canton 
charged with five mullets, Malapert, (Ancient). The 
shield held by the strap in the paw of a lion rampant enraged, 
queue flory. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

[S ■] ANDRIEV • MALAPER. 



Daniel de Marewede, a/. "SJler-wede, 0/ Noi/afid. 

22,847. [a.D. 1375.] Siilph. cast from good impression. 
14- in. [cxxix. 481.] 

A shield of arms : a fess betw. fifteen roundles, five and four 
in chief, three, two and one, in base, Van der Merwede. On 
foliage. Within a pointed quatrefoil panel. 

g< SIGILLV • DANieLIS • DE • MeRWeOG ■ MILIT'. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,829. 



Nicholaus de Mauro, £chevin of Maastricht. 

22,848. [a.D. 1339.] Greenish-brown : imperfect, indistinct. 
About -fi in. when perfect, [xliii. 86.] 

A shield of arms : emanclii oi four pieces, in the dex. chief 
a lion's face. Betw. three sprigs of foliage. 
.... [NIC]HOL[AI] 



Johannes, dictus Meerte, Scabinus Bruxellensis, 
Bchei'in of Brussels. 

22,849. [a.D. 1454.] Bronze-green : fragments. About 
I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,756.] 

A shield of arms, coiiche: quarterly ; I, 4. a chief chequy, 
Meerte, of Flanders, 2, 3. three fleurs-de-lis, two and one. 
Crest, on a helmet, [ornamental] mantling [of foliage], and 
wreath, a lion's head betw. two wings. [Supporter on the 
dex. side only, a damoiselle.] 

Legend broken off 



-fa^ 



22,850. [a.D. 1454] Another, very imperfect. [Add. ch. 

12.758.] 

anis : Dri : mc .... 



V(jL. VL 2 O 



562 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Egidius, dictns Mennen, Scabinus Bruxellensis, £chevin of 

Brussels. 

22,851. [a.d. 1450.] Bronze-green : very imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect. |Add. ch. 12,757.] 

A shield of arms, concha : a chief compony or chequy of 
two traits, each of four pieces, for Mennens, of Brabant. 
Crest, on a helmet, and mantling of foliage, out of a coronet 
an eagle's head and neck. Supporter on the dex. side only, a 
wildman. 

m ' mm .... 



Johannes, Baro de Merode, Dominus de Rummen, Heer 

de Lantsainbacht, Sevcniich, Prcstor KeiiueinaricF, Deputat. 

Gener. in Consessii D.D. Ordininn Getter, unit. Belgii 

Pruvinciarum. 

22,852. [A.D. 1659.] Red: en placard, f X Vir '"■ 
[Slo. ch. xxxii. 57.] 

Oval: a shield of arms: quarterly; i, 4. four palets, 
Merode, 2, 3. seme of fleurs-de-lis ; over all an escutcheon, 
chequy, ensigned with a coronet of a Count of the 
Netherlands. 

Cabled border. 



Etienne Meyster, of Belgium. 

22,853. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green, if in. [xlix. 188.] 
A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a Katharine-wheel, or 
mill-wheel, 2, 3. a griffin segreant, MEYSTER. Over all an 
escutcheon charged with a fess (.?). Crest, on a helmet and 
ornamental mantling of foliage, a demi-griffin, holding a 
Katharine-wheel. 
Legend on scroll : — 

S' ESTIENNE • MEYSTER. 



Willam Van Minen, al. Minden, brother c/WoUTER VAN 
MiNEN (see No. 22,855). 

22,854. [a.d. 1363.] Bronze-green: imperfect. [Add. 
ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms: Van MiNEN. Cf. No. 22,855. With a 
label of three points in chief, for difference. 

* 8' VAN MIND6N «< 



THE NETHERLANDS :— HER \I,niC SEALS. 563 



Wouter Van Minen, al. Miinden, Ktiape. 

22,855. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green. 1 in. [.A.dd. ch. 

12,736.] 

A shield of arms : barryof eight, over all a saltire [chequy], 
for A>LSTKL DE Mynden, of Utrecht. Within a traced 
quatrefoil panel. 

giSIGILLVM WOVXeR VAN MIINDGN. 

Beaded border. 



Jehan de Mons, of Belgium. 

22,856. [i6th cent] Bronze-green. Originally app. by 
green silk ribbons to a deed, i-i- in. [xlix. 189.] 

A representation of St. John Baptist with the Agnus Dei 
and a long cross and banner charged with a monogram ; hold- 
ing by the strap, a shield of arms : a trefoil. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

g S g lEHAN g DE I MONS. 



Heinrick de Montenaken, lichevin of Maastricht. 

22.857. [a.D. 1364.] Greenish-brown: imperfect, injured. 
About -j-l in. when perfect, [xliii. 97.] 

A shield of arms : barry of eight, on a canton a stag's scalp 
and horns, with a mullet betw. the attires. Betw. three wavy 
sprigs of foliage. 

.... H€1N .... K : D ... . SCAB' : TRA .... 

Beaded borders. 

Alfer Van Montfoerde, Knape. 

22.858. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green : chipped. f in. 
[Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : three fers-de-nioulin, for MONTFORT, in 
chief an estoile or mullet. Betw. two lions addorsed re- 
guardant, their tails reaching to the base of the shield. Within 
a cusped trefoil panel. 

.... LLVM : ALF .... 06 • MONTFOR. 

Beaded border. 



202 



5 64 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Roeuer Van Montfoerde, Knape, brother of Alfer Van 
MONTFOERDE. (See No. 22,858). 

22,859. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green: imperfect. I in. 
[Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms, MoXTFORT, see No. 22,858, with an 
escallop for difTerence. Within a cusped sixfoil panel. 

*' rotocr • ban . . . ntfor . . . 



Gobelinus de Monyouwen, Scabiiius Trajectensis, llchevin 
of Maastriclit. 

22.860. [a.D. 1377.] Bronze-green : fine, sharp, edge 
chipped. I in. [xliii. 103] 

A shield of arms : a cross lozengy, on a canton three 
mascles, two and one. On foliage. Within a carved sixfoil 
panel ornamented along the inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

: S' • GOBGLINI • De • MONYOVWGN • SCABT • T' • IGCTGN : 
Beaded border. 

22.861. ^A.D. 1379.] Another: fine, sharp, edge chipped. 
[xliii. 104.] " 

[J s'] • GOBeLiNi • De • MONYOvweN • scabP- T' • lecTeN : 



Henri de Moorslede, of Belgium. 

22.862. [a.D. 1226.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
ItX If in- [cxxix. 539.] 

Pointed oval : a shield of arms of early form : two bendlets. 

©SIGILLVM HCNRICI D6 MORSeLGIDe IS. 
D'Arcq, No. 10,444. 

Anthoine de La Motte, of Belguim. 

22.863. [i6th cent] Dark-green : edge chipped, i in. 
[xlix. 191.] 

A shield of arms, coiicJie : quarterly ; i, 4. a martlet, 2, 3. 
plain. Crest, on a horned helmet, and ornamental mantling of 
foliage, an eagle's head betw. two wings. 

S' ANTHO' DE LA MOTTE- 



John de Mulken, Echrohi of Maastriclit. 

22,864. [a.D. 1343.] Greenish-brown: imperfect. About 
1 in. when jx-rfect. [xliii. 87.] 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 565 

A shield of arms : barry of eight, an eagle or falcon close, 
crowned. Betw. three sprigs of arabesque foliage. 

.... MVLK6 ■ SCAB' : T'leCTN . . 
Beaded borders. 



Servatius de Mulken, Scabiiins Trajectensis, lichevin of 
Maastricht. 

22,865. [a.D. 1379] Bronze-green : edge injured, i in. 
[xliii. 106.] 

A shield of arms : barry of eight, an eagle crowned. Above 
the shield an angel or Michael the Archangel, holding it up 
by the strap. Supporters, dcx. a horse or unicorn, sin. a stag 
lodged. Within a pointed trefoil panel. 

S' scr molfee • Srabi • tvatrct . . 



Robert de Namur, Chevalier. 

22.866. [a.D. 1368.] Sulph. cast from imperfect impres- 
sion. 1 1 in. [cxxix. 550.] 

A shield of arms, couche : a lion rampant, debruised by a 
bendlet engrailed, Namur. Crest, on a helmet a vol, or pair 
of wings (iHiiyel). Within an oval panel, the inner border 
engrailed and ornamented with small quatrefoils. 

© S' Dtvil • ROBeRTI . . NA[MVC:eNSIS. 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,448. 

Michael Neue de Steynes, Scabinus Trajectensis, 

iLchevin of Maastricht. 

22.867. [a.D. 1386.] Bronze-green: good, imperfect. 
W in. [xliii. in.] 

A shield of arms : lozengy, over all on a canton a mullet 
round-pierced, betw. the attires of a stag. Within a carved 
sixfoil panel. 

. . micijacl' * ncuc • stab 

Beaded border. 

Guillaume Nicalle (.O), of Belgium. 

22.868. [i6th cent.] Dark-green : imperfect. 1 in. [xlix. 
192.] 

On a sheaf of arrows (?), a shield of arms : the charges 

obliterated. .„ ,, 

guiUaumc • nirallc • (?) 



S66 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Geymar Van Nisem, Scabiiuis, 
or Sccpen dcr Stat Van Sintniden. 

22,869. [a.d. 141 2.] Bronze-green : imperfect. About 
^ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 18,206.] 

A shield of arms : a cross vair^, in dex. chief, a mullet. 
Within a pointed trefoil panel. 

CSCJAB'I • SCI • TRVOe .... 



George de Noefbourg, of Belgium. A.D. 161 7. 

22,870. Dark-green. i|- in. [xlix. 193.] 
A shield of arms (?) suspended by a strap : a spiral cord 
interlaced. Betw. two fleurs-de-lis. 

+ SEEL • GEORGE • DE • NOEFBOVRG • 1617. 



J. Nut, or Noot van Spainner. 

22,871. [Late 14th cent.] Bronze-green : chipped. About 
W in. when perfect, [xliii. 129.] 

A shield of arms : a fess, and in chief a cross crosslet. 
Within a pointed trefoil panel. 

ftgilln • if. nut ban fiiainncr. 



Guillaume, Count of Ostrevant. 
See Guillaume de BAVifeRE. 



Franco, dictiis de Pape, Scabinns Brjixellensis, 
£chevin of Brussels. 

22,872. [a.d. 1436.] Bronze-green : a fragment. About 
I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,752.] 

A shield of arms, couche: quarterly ; i, 4. barry pily of ten ; 
2, 3. three crescents, two and one, for Pape, of Holland, over 
all an escutcheon charged with a bend lozengy. Crest, on a 
helmet, broken off. Supporters, dex. wanting, sin. a griffin. 



apr. 



John Parker. 
See Jacobus Gelrensis. 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 567 

Baudouin de Pierens, of Belgium. 

22,873. [13th cent.] Brown : imperfect. About 2 in. 
when perfect, [xlix. 194.] 
A shield of arms : chequy. 

. . . BAVDCVIJN D€ PI€R6 . . . 



Phelipe Planchon, of Belgium. 

22,874. [ 1 6th cent.] Dark-green : chipped. About -{-fin. 
when perfect, [.xlix. 195.] 

A wild-man, with a club, holding by the strap a shield of 
arms : a chevron betw. in chief a fleur-de-lis and an estoile, 
in base a destroyed charge. 

S + pi)fltpc })IanrJ)on. 



Jean de PoUanen, al. Polanen, Lord of Lecke, 
and of Breda, of Holland. 

22,875. [a.d. 1392] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
i-iV in. [cxxix. 436.] 

A shield of arms : three crescents, two and one. Within a 
carved pointed trefoil panel. 

S' « lOHIS J De J POLLAN6N J DNI : D6 ; L6CKe : 
H J D6 } BR6DA. 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,826. 



Gabriel Povillon, of Belgium. 

22,876. [i6th cent] Dark-green : chipped. \\ in. [xlix. 
196.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron betw. three fleurs-le-lis. 
Crest, on a helmet, mantling, and wreath, a bird's head 
contourn^ (}). 

Legend on a scroll : — 

■ S • GABRIEL ■ POVILLON. 



Thomas, son of John Poynaunt. 
See Jan Schelewacad. 



568 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Jacques Prevost, of Belgiinn. 
22,877. [ 1 6th cent.] Bronze-green : chipped, i in. [xhx. 

1 97-] 

A shield of arms: quarterly; i, 4. three horses' heads, 
couped and bridled ; 2, 3. three ermine spots, over all on an 
escutcheon, five escallops in saltire. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

o S ■ lAC . . . . o PREVOST = 



"Prevost, of Belgi inn. A.D. 1577. 

22,878. Dark-green : imperfect. I in. [xli.x. 19S.] 
A shield of arms : tierce in fess ; ((?.) three horses' or asses' 
heads in fess, couped ; (^.) a quatrefoil rose betw. two bars 
(fish) embowed in pale, addorscd, in fess ; (c) sem^ of 
escallops. Above the shield a strap. 

PREVOST : 1577. 



Sweder, Lord of Puten, al. Sveder de Apcoude, Lord of 
Ghacsbeke, of Liolland. 

22.879. [a.D. 1375.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
If in. [cxxix. 657.] 

A double-headed dragon, with expanded wings, holding 
before his breast a shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. three 
towers or mill-rinds {amies, D'Arcq) ; 2, 3. lion rampant. 
S5 s' • sveoeRi ■ oe ■ arc . . dg • domicnu ■ oe • g . . . seeKe. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,831. 

Pierre Quenke, of Belgium. 

22.880. [i6th cent.] Dark-green: edge chipped. \\ in. 
[xlix. 199.] 

A figure of St. Peter, standing, with keys and book. At his 
side a shield of arms : two croziers in saltire, an escutcheon 
with indistinct charges. 

S' • PIERRE • QVENKE. 



F G R , of Belgium. 

22,881. [i6th cent.] Dark-green : indistinct. \\ 
[xlix. 200.] 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 569 

Oval : a shield of arms : on a terrasse, a fox carrying oiT a 
goose. On foliage. 

CALLIDVS • VT • WVLPES • F • G • R. 
Beaded borders. 



Gauthier de Renenghes, al. Reninghe, of Belgium. 

22.882. [a.d. 1275.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
I^ X H in- [cxxi.x. 667.] 

Shield-shaped : a shield of arms : seiiu^ of crosses, or cruzily, 
a bend. 

» S' WAVTieRS . De R6NeNG . . s ; 

D'Arcq, No. 10,46;. 

Jan Van Renesse, Knape. 

22.883. [a.d. 1363.] Bronze-green: slightly chipped. 
I in. [Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : billety, a lion rampant guardant, for 
Renesse, of Holland and Belgium. Within a richly traced 
trefoil panel. 

© S' lOHANNis ■ De . . . eNes. 

Beaded borders. 



Sean 'Renvaxt, of Belgium. A.D. 161 1. 

22,884. Bronze-green : chipped, i^^ in. [xlix. 201.] 
A griffin segreant, holding a shield of arms : a chevron 
betw. three cinquefoils (?). 

. . . HOES • RENVART • 1611. 



Nicolas Richieg . . . ., of Belgium (?). 

22,885. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green : injured, indistinct. 
1 1 in. [xlix. 202.] 

A shield of arms : two pastoral croziers betw. three bales (?). 
On foliage. 

NICOLAS • RICHIEG (0 



Adolf Hendrik de Ripperda Van Buirse, al. Tot Beurse 
en Heerjansdam. 

Plenipotentiary of the Netherlands at the Treaty of Breda. 

22,886. [A.D. 1667.] Red : en placard. \% Y. \i in. 
[Slo. ch. x.xxii. 56.] 



570 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Oval : a shield of arms : a chevalier armed cap-d-pie, 
brandishing a sword, riding on a caparisoned horse springing, 
RiPPERDA. Ensigned with a count's coronet. 

Beaded border. 

Cf. Van der Aa, Biographisch Woordenboek, vol. xvi., p. 328 ; J. du 
Mont, Corps Universel Diplomatique, Amsterdam, 1731, tome vii., 
pt. I, p. 51. 



Jan Robaulx, Lord of Daussois in Namur, Belgium, etc. 

22,887. [i6th cent] Red : very indistinct. Originally 
app. to a deed now cut off by a green silk ribbon, i^ in, 
[xlix. 203.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron betw. three caltrops, RoBAULX. 
Crest on a helmet, ornamental mantling of foliage, and wreath, 
a caltrop betw. a pair of wings. 

S • IAN • ROBAVLX . S • DE « DAVSS AMAIGNE. 



Cornelis Roelant, of the Netherlands. 

22,888. [a.D. 1414.] Red : well preserved. | in. [Harl. 
ch. 7^ C. 39.] 

A shield of arms : an eagle displayed. Betw. three sprigs 

of foliage. 

1 3' CORNeLIS R06LANT A« 



Henricus dictus Rolibuch. 
See Henricus Coudenberg. 



Geckkel Roncklauwe, of Holland. 

22,889. [15th cent.] Red: i in. [xli.x. 105.] 

A shield of arms : on a tertre, a demi-lion rampant, enraged. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

%' ix gcrftUfl » ronrftlatitof. 



Reinerus de Rosis, Scabinus Trajectensis, Echevin of 
Maastricht. 

22,890. [a.D. 1364.] Green : v^xy imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect, [xliii. 98.] 



THE NETHERLANDS :— HERALDIC SEALS. 57I 

A shield of arms : vairi, a fess, over all in dex. chief zfranc- 

quartier, barry of eight. Cf ROSE, or RoSA. Betw. three 

sprigs of foliage. 

... I SCAB I ... I 



C\Q.\iid.Q B,ove\i, of Belgium. .A..D. 1576. 

22,891. Dark-green : chipped, if in. [xlix. 204.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron, enriched with a chevronel, 

betw. three roses, slipped and leaved. Crest, on a helmet 

and mantling, uncertain. 

LAVD€ • ROVELI . . . DE . . . . VRHON, 1576. (?) 



Jehan Le Roy, of Belgium. 

22,892. [i6th cent] Dark-green : chipped. I in. [xlix. 
205.] 

A winged figure, holding by the strap a shield charged with 
a crescent encircling a tau-cross or initial letter T. 

• S • lEHAN » LE ' ROY • • 



Gobbelinus de Rufo Clipeo {al. Rothschild ?), Scabinus 
Trajecteiisis, £chevin of Maastricht. 

22.893. [a.d. 1354.] Dark -green : chipped. -|-|- in. 
[xliii. 92.] 

A shield of arms : three battle axes or doloires. On 
foliage. 

Si S' GOB' • D€ ■ RVFO • CLIPeO ■ SGAB'I • T'leCT'. 

Beaded borders. 

22.894. Another, [xliii. 93.] 

S!S O- SCAB'I • T'leCT'. 



Adrian de Ruhault, of Belgium. 

22,895. [i6th cent.J Dark-green : indistinct. i^ in. 
[xli.x. 206.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a cock ; 2, 3. a fish 
naiant. Crest, on a horned helmet, mantling and wreath, a 
fish's head. 

S • ADRIAN • DE • RVHAVLT. 



572 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Michael de S&inctes, of Be/^^h/M. a.d. 1576. 

22,896. Dark-green : fine. li in. [xlix. 208.] 
A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. a lion rampant ; 2, 3. an 
eagle's claw, coaped. 

S • MICHEL • DE ■ SAINCTES • 1576. 



Henricus de Sancta Agatha, 0/ Alaastrklit ? 

22,897. [A.D. 1586.] Green: indistinct. -14 in. [xliii. 112.] 
A shield of arms : two for three battle-axes or doloircs, on 
a. caxiton or fraiic-qiia7-tier diS many roses, over all a label for 
difference. Within a pointed gothic trefoil panel. 
Legend betw. the points : — 

© S' HeNRICI . D6 % SCA • « AGATHA • 



Godefridus de Sancto Gaugerico, or St. Gery, Scabinus 
Bnixc/lensis, tLchez'in of Bncssels. 

22,898. [a.d. 1385.] Bronze-green: chipped. -|-| in. 
[Add. ch. 12,741.] 

A shield of arms, couche : barry of ten, on a canton three 
human hearts. Cf St. Guerin, of Loiivain. Crest, on a 
helmet affronte, a plume betw. two griffins' heads respecting. 
Within a carved bilobe panel ornamented with a circular 
countersinking on each side, containing an estoile. 

S' GQDeFRlDI • De • SCO • GAVGeRICO. 



Guillaume de Sancto Gaugerico, or St. Gery, Scabinus 
Bruxellensis, Jic/ievin of Brussels. 

22,899. [a.d. 1372.] Bronze-green : a fragment. About 
if in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,738.] 

Very similar to the seal of Godefridus de Sancto Gaugerico, 
No. 22,898, q.v. as far as this goes. Only crest and part of 
traced panel remain. 

AVGeRICO. 



Jan Schelewacad, seal used by Thomas, son ^/ John 
roYNAUNT, of Hakyntone, co. Kent. 

22,900. [a.U. 1392.] Dark-green: indistinct. | in. [Harl. 
ch. 80 A. 50.] 

A shield of arms : three escutcheons, two and one. 

Ss S' o IAN S SCHeLeWACAD^'.) 



THE NETHERLANDS :— HERALDIC SEALS. 573 

Johannes Schulenburch, al. Schulenborch, Senator Civitatis 

Groeningensis, Deputatiis Ordinarius in Consessn D.D. 

Ordiniim Generalinm Jtnitarum Belgii 

Provinciaruni. 

22,901. [a.D. 1609.] Red : en placard. t^ X -rV '"• 
[Slo. ch. xxxii. 57.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : an eagle displaj^ed, on the breast 
an escutcheon charged with a double tower. Ensigned with 
the ancient coronet of a count. 

Beaded border. 



William Scoten, seal used by Martijn Dirc-SOEN van 
SCOETEN, Scojtt van Akendani. 

22,902. [a.D. 1412.] Dark-green. | in. [Add. ch. 12,743.] 
A shield of arms : a lion rampant, dcbruised by a bend for 
difference, SCOUTEN, of Brabant. Within a trefoiled panel. 

+ Siigrl + iBilliatt + fcotcn. 



Nicolas du Seyw, Chevalier, of Belgium. 

22,903. [ 1 6th cent.] Bronze-green: chipped, i in. [xlix. 
209.] 

A unicorn salient. Supporting a shield of arms : on a bend 
three estoiles. 



Legend on a scroll : — 



S' ■ NICOLAS ■ DV • SEYW • CHR. 



Another Seal. 



22,904. [i6thcent.] Bronze-green: chipped, i in. [xlix. 
210.] 

Similar to the preceding, No. 22,903, but from a different 
matrix. The unicorn's horn turned downwards. 



S' • NICOLAS • DV • SEYW • CHR. 



de shal . . . . e, of Belgium. 

22,905. [i6th cent] Red: chipped, indistinct. \\ in. 
[xlix. 211.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. indistinct, with illegible 
charges ; 2, 3. a lion rampant. Crest, on a helmet and 
mantling, a pair of horns. 

S H • DE • SHAL E. 



574 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Ernoult du Sinwo . . (P), of Belgium. 

22,906. [i6thcent.] Dark-green. i| in. [.xlix. 207.] 
A unicorn salient, supporting a shield of arms, coiichi: on a 
bend three estoiles, in chief .y/w. an estoile. 
Legend on a scroll : — 

S' ERNOVLT : DV : SIMWO . . 



Gheriic Spronc, Knape. 

22,907. [a.d. 1363.] Bronze-green: imperfect. About 
^ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron. Betw. three branches. 

. . . . R . . C • SPR . . . 
Beaded borders. 



Dire Spyker, ScJiepeii of Haarlem. 

22,908. [A.D. 1428.] Bronze-green : slightly chipped. 
I in. [Add. ch. 12,748.] 

On a mount, a man, draped, in the 1. h. a shield of arms : a 
lion rampant, debruised with a bendlet. In the r. h. a scroll, 
running round the design, with the legend : — 

S' : 'Qixt : fjjtftct » 
Beaded border. 



Willem Van Stapele, Scepen of Siiitrnden. 

22,909. [.\.D. 141 2.] Bronze-green: chipped. i in. 
[Add. ch. 18,206.] 

A shield of arms, couche: a chevron, on a canton or franc- 
quartier, a cross. Crest, on a helmet and lambrequin, broken 
off. Betw. two wavy sprigs of foliage. 

• S' totUcm . Uau . ftaprlr . Brrpcu BtntntOrn «< 



Ludolphe Tiarda Van Starckenborch, Sieitr dc Weede, 

Surdijck, and Nyenclooster, 
Plenipotentiary of the Netherlands at the Treaty of Breda. 

22,910. [a.d. 1667.] Red: en placard. 4 X | in. [Slo. 
ch. xxxii. 56.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : an eagle displayed, in its beak a 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 575 

strap to which hangs an escutcheon bearing a lion rampant. 
Enslgned with the ancient coronet of a count. 
Legend around. 

L ■ CT V • S • H ■ T • W ■ E • S. 

{Jor Ludolphe Tiarda Van Starckenborgh, Heer tot Weede 

ende Surdijck.) 



Marinus de Stavenisse, Consiliarms et Syndicits 

Civitatis Ziricaecnsis, Dcpntat. Ordinar. 

in Consessu D.D. Ordinum Gcner. unit. Belgii Provinciaritm. 

22,911. [a. D. 1659.] Red : en placard. J- X |- in. [Slo. ch. 
xxxii. 57.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : two bars iindces betw. five billets 
lying- fesswise, three in chief, two in base, STAVENISSE ; in fess 
point an estoile of six points. Crest, on a helmet and mantling, 
a demi-savage, holding a club over his shoulder. 

Beaded border. 



Her Ghisebert Van Sterkenberch, Ridder. 

22,912. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green: edge chipped. -1^ in. 
[Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : barry wavy of eight, charged with fifteen 
bezants ; five, five, four, and one, (?) for Sterkenburg, of 
Holland. Within a cusped trefoil panel. 

®= S . . . . BReCHT • VA • ST'Ke'B'eCHT • MCILITISJ. 



Jan Stevens, Scepen in Ainiverpen, £chevin of Anhverp. 

22,913. [a.D. 1412.] Bronze-green : very imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,744.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. chevronels ; 2, 3. a 
scythe erect. Within a carved trefoil panel. 

S' tan .... bcng. 



Cornelius Van der Straten. 



22,914. [17th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from a matrix, i^- in. [Slo. xxxiv. 78 F.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. a fess betw. three wine- 
jugs ; 2, 3. a griffin segreant, the tail coward. Crest, on a 



S76 CATALOCUE OF SEALS. 

helmet, ornamental mantling of foliage, and wreath, a griffin 
of the arms. 

Legend on a scroll ; — 

S * CORN DER » STRATEN. 



Dire Symon Donden Zoen, Scepen in Haarlem. 

22,915. [a.D. 141 5.] Bronze-green: imperfect. About 
i in when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,746.] 

An eagle rising, with expanded wings, supporting a shield 
of arms : a cross betvv. twelve martlets, over all a bend for 
difference. 



Remeis Taubens, Scliepen of Vleitingen. 

22,916. [a.D. 1426.] Bronze-green : good impression, i in. 
[xliii. 125.] 

A shield of arms : vaire, a fess, over all a canton or franc- 
qiiartier charged with a fess. Within a carved quatrefoil 
panel. 

* S' « meif taubcf * Bet S frljrpcii t * 



Colart de Tempierre, of Belgium. 

22.917. [i6thcent.] Dark-green : imperfect, i^in. [xlix. 
212.] 

A swan or falcon rising, wings expanded, holding by a 
strap a shield of arms, conclu' : three demi-lions rampant, 
queues four elites, in chief a pierced mullet. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

• S • follart • Be • tcmpirvrc (?) 

22.918. Another: chipped, [xlix. 213.] 

• S • coUavt • Be • trmpicnc (?) 



Andrieu De Le Tenre, of Hainault, Belgium. 

22,919. [i6th. cent.] Dark-grccn : edge chipped, i-j- in. 
[xlix. 214.] 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 5// 

A unicorn salient, supporting a shield of arms, coucJk^ : a 
blackamoor's head, couped at the neck, wearing a wreath. 
Legend on a scroll : — 

%tt\ ' anUririi • Of • Ic • tcnrf. 



Thomas du Terne, Lord of Haine St. Peter and St. Paul, 

in Belginni. 

22,920. [ 1 6th cent.] Red: chipped at the edges. i-rV i"- 
[xlix. 215.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron bctw. three estoiles. Crest, 
on a helmet and ornamental mantling of foliage, a lion's head 
crowned, betw. two wings, Du Terne, of Brabant. 

■ S • THOMAS • DV • TERNE • S". ES • HAISNES • 
ST. P • ET • ST. P. 



Charle Thievilier, of Belgium. 

22,921. [i6th cent.] Dark-green, i^ in. [xlix. 216.] 
An ornamental shield of arms : a chevron betw. three birds' 
heads, couped, a crescent for difference. Crest, on a helmet, 
ornamental mantling of foliage, and wreath, a crane. 
Legend on a scroll : — 

• 8 ■ CHARLE • THIEVILIER. 



Jean Tobbin, of Bruges, Chevalier. 
11,^'2,'2,. [a.d. 1286.] Sulph. cast from chipped impression. 
2-i-V in. [cxxix. 730.] 

A shield of arms : a cross lozengy. 

© S' • lOHANHIS • TOBBIM • MILITICS DE BRJVGIS. 

D'Arcq, No. 10,488, with description of a counterseal : a shield of 
arms, as in the obv., with legend : + S' lOHANNIS TOBBIN. 



Andreas Tolsalm, of the Netherlands (?). 
22,923. [14th cent] Dark-green : indistinct. | in. [xxxv. 

310.] 

A shield of arms : in chief a lion passant, in base a bird. 

» S' ANDRee TOLSALM (0 

Doubtful reading. 

VOL. VL 2 P 



578 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Ritsart Touki, of the Netherlands. 

'2,1,'^1^. [a.D. 1409.] Red : indistinct. -J in. [Add. ch. 
21,942.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend three roundles, in chief a 
crescent. Within a carved rosette or panel of eight points. 

^ ; SIGILLVM ; RITSART I TOVKI *< J 
Beaded border. 

22,925. [A.D. 141 1.] Red. [Add. ch. 22,015.] 
g! ; SIGILLVM J RITSART : TOVKI *< % 



Everhardus, dictiis Tsaruts, al. Tseraerts, 
Scabinus Brnxellensis, Iickevin of Brussels. 

22,926. [a.D. 1444.] Bronze-green : imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,754.] 

A shield of arms, co?cch(f : i-(?;«/ of cinquefoils pierced, a lion 
rampant. Cf. De La Sarraz, of Holland. Crest, on a 
helmet, and mantling, out of a coronet a lion's head betw. 
two wings erect, sou^ of cinquefoils pierced. 



Legend on a scroll : — 



tfcracrts. 



22.927. [a.D. 1444.] Bronze-green : a fragment. [Add. 
ch. 12,753.] 

22.928. [a.D. 1444.] Bronze-green : very imperfect. [Add. 
ch. 12,755.] 

S' twt tfcrarrts. 



Walram, Biirchgrave of Utrecht. 
5(?^ Walrane, Z(7r^o/BREDEROiDE, etc., No. 22,739. 



Arnoul de Valmeraut. 

22,929. [Early 14th cent.] Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from 
a good impression, -ff in. [D.C., F. 210.] 

A shield of arms : per pale, dex. a lion rampant, sin. a tree. 
Betw. three palm-branches. 

fii S' • ARN' • oe • VALM6RAVT. 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 579 



Hemeric Van der .... dert. 

22,930. [14th cent] Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from 
chipped impression. |- in. [D C, F. 367.] 

A shield of arms : a fess lozengy, over all a canton or /)'««<:- 
quartier ermine. Within a traced quatrefoil panel. 

Legend betw. the points : — 

HGM€_RIC VA_DeR . . _ . . D€RT. 



Hubert Van t'ra . . . , of Belgium. 

22,931. [i6thcent.] Dark-green : indistinct. i|in. [xlix. 
217.] 

A griffin segreant, holding by the strap a shield of arms : 
a chevron betw. three clarions. 



S • HVBERT • VAN' T'RA 



Eberhardus de Vernenhout, Scabinns Trajectensis. 

Rcheinn of Maastricht. 

22,932. [a.D. 1406.] Bronze-green : chipped, i in. [xliii. 
118.] 

A shield of arms : a swan. Within an elegantly designed 
quatrefoil panel of elaborate tracery, having four small circular 
openings, each bearing a satyr's head. 

Legend betw. the points : — 

S ei)crarBt_I>c 4)tTnrn_o ut • fcabt_traicrt .... 



Everhardus de Vernenholt, Scabinns Trajectensis, 

iLchevin of Maastricht. 

22,933. [a.d. 1366.] Bronze-green: chipped. \^ in. 
[xliii. 102.] 

A shield of arms : a swan. Within a circular panel orna- 
mented along the inner edge with small roses. 

[fii S'] eveRARDl • D' • V.NeHOLT ■ SCABl' • T'lTe. 



Walram, Lord of Vianen, etc. 
See Walrane, Heer tot Brederoide, etc.. No. 22,739. 



2 p 2 



580 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Florentius de Vine a, Scabiims Trajectensis, 
lichevin of Maastricht. 

22,934. [A.D. 1366.] Bronze-green: very imperfect. About 
i in. when perfect, [.xliii. loi.] 

A shield of arms : a Hon rampant. Cf Des VigneS. Back- 
ground replenished with small flowers and mullets. Within a 
rosette or cusped panel of six points. 

A • SCAB' • TieCT 

Beaded borders. 



Godefridus de Vinea, Scabinns Trajectensis, 

iLcheviii of Maastriclit. 

22,935. [a.d. 1358.] Bronze-green: chipped. About i in. 
when perfect, [xliii. 94.] 

A shield of arms : a lion rampant. On arabesque foliage. 
Within a rosette or cusped panel of eight points ornamented 
along the inner edge with small quatrefoils. 

.... FRIDI : De : VIN6A : SCABINI TRAieCTeN'. 

Beaded borders. 



Her Gheriit Van den Vliet, Ridder. 

22,936. [a.d. 1363.] Bronze-green : fine, chipped, i in. 
[Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : three lozenges pometty, Van Vliet, 
of Holland. Within a quatrefoil panel of tracery. 
^ S' GH6RARDI • D6 . . . . IGT « MILITIS. 



Jan Van den Vliet, Knape, 
brother of Her Gheriit VAN DEN VliET (see No. 22,936). 

22,937. [a.d. 1363.] Bronze-green: imperfect. ^ in. 
[Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : three lozenges pometty, Van Vliet 
a label for difference. Within a carved sixfoil panel. 
.... lOHA VLie. 



Her Ghisebert Van Vyanen, Knape. 

22,938. [a.d. 1363.] Bronze-green : chipped, i in. [Add. 
ch. 12,736.] 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS. 581 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. three columns (aiiilen) 
for VlANEN, of Holland ; 2, 3. two bars betw. nine lozenges, 
three, three, and three. Betw. two quatrefoils. Within a 
pointed quatrefoil panel. 

S' • GHISeBReCHTS ■ VON 6N. 



Heinrich Van Vyanen, Kuape. 

22,939. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green : chipped, fin. [Add. 
ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : VlANEN, differenced by a mullet, 
Cf No. 22,938. Within a panel of tracery composed of two 
quatrefoils interlaced. 

. . HeNRIC • CVJAN • VIANteN]. 



Hubert Van Vyanen, Kuape. 

22,940. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green: edge chipped. | in. 
[Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : VlANEN, with a label of three points for 
difference, cf. No. 22,938. Within a panel composed of two 
quatrefoils of tracerj', one enclosing the other. 
© S' HVBeRTI D6 . . . AN6N. 



Jan Van Vyanen, Knape. 

22,941. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green: imperfect. 4 in. 
[Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : VlANEN, with a bend for difference, see 
No. 22,938. Within a quatrefoil panel of elegant tracery. 

» S' IAN » VA ANGN. 

Beaded border. 



Sueder van Vyanen, Knape. 

22,942. [A.D. 1363.] Brown-green : chipped. About i in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 12.736.] 

A shield of arms : three columns, in fess point an escut- 
cheon charged with uncertain charges, for VlANEN, of 
Holland. Within a cusped and traced trefoil panel. 

Legend broken away. 



582 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



Voern Van Vyanen, Kiiape. 

22,943. [a.d. 1363.] Bronze-green: imperfect, fin. 
[Add. ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : three columns {ztiileii), a bend for 
difference. Within a sixfoil panel of elegant tracery. 
VOORN • VAN • VIAN . . 



Laurent de Warde, of Belgium. 

22,944. [i6th cent.] Bronze-green: chipped. i|in. 
[xlix. 218.] 

A representation of Hope, with anchor at the side, elevat- 
ing the r. h. to the head, and in the 1. h. the strap of a shield 
of arms : three trefoils chipped. 

• S • LAVRENT ■ DE ■ WARDE. 



Amalricus, dictus Was, Scabinits Briixellensis, 
£ckei'iu of Brussels. 

22.945. [a.d. 1450.] Bronze-green : very imperfect. About 
I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,757.] 

A shield of arms, coiiche : parti-etnanclte, on a chief three 
mullets bendwise, WAS, of Brabant. Crest, on a helmet and 
ornamental mantling of foliage, a goat statant, betw. two 
wings erect. 

Legend on a scroll : — 

teas. 

22.946. [a.d. 1455.] Bronze-green. [Add. ch. 12,759.] 

S' teas. 



Florencius, dictus Weld, al. Weylde, Scabiiius Trajectensis, 
B.cltc^'in of Maastricht. 

22.947. [a.d. 1364.] Bronze-green : well preserved. W in. 
[xliii. 99.] 

A shield of arms : barrj^ wavy of six. Within a cusped 
lozenge panel ornamented with four circular countersunk 
openings ; and with small quatrefoils along the inner edge. 

Si S' FLOReCY DCl WGLD SCABl' TieCTNS'. 

22.948. [a.d. 1364.] Another, [xliii. lOO.] 

5? S' FLOReCY DCl W6LD SCABT TieCTNS'. 



THE NETHERLANDS : — HERALDIC SEALS. 583 

Walterus, dictiis Van der Winckele, Scabinus Bruxdlensis, 
llclievin of Brussels. 

22,949. [a.d. 14S4.J Bronze-green: chipped. |-in. [Add. 
ch. 12,758.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. [an estoile betvv.] two 
sickles affrouti's, the edge dentelee ; 2, 3. barry pily, or parti- 
ihnaiiche, for Van DEN Wknckele, of Brabant. Crest, on a 
helmet, mantling and wreath, an estoile betw. two sickles. 
Background replenished with foliage and flowers. 

Legend and scroll : — 

toalt Dc toiubcl «< 

22, 950. [a.d. 1454.] Bronze-green : a fragment. [Add. 
ch. 12,756.] 



Jonannes de Witt, Consiliarius et Syndictis Hollandice 

Westfrisiteqiie, Deputat. Ordiiiar. in Consessu D.D. Ordiniun 

Gener. unit. Belgii Provmciaruin. 

22,951. [a.d. 1659.] Red : m placard, -f^ X -^ in. [Slo. ch. 
xxxii. 57.] 

Oval : a shield of arms ; a hare, a harrier and a " braq?ie," 
two, and one. Crest, on a helmet and mantling, a demi- 
hare. 



Richard, dkius Wulf. 

22.952. [15th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from matrix in the Dept. of British and Mediaeval 
Antiquities, i in. [xxxv. 176.] 

A shield of arms, couchc : a bend betw. six fleurs-de-h's. 
Crest, on a helmet, mantling and wreath ; a wolf's head 
charged on the neck with a fleur-de-lis. 

Legend on two scrolls : — 

•k SigtUfi -u vidjt & DC ft tuulf si. 
Beaded borders. 

22.953. Plaster cast from matrix, [xci. 38.] 



Johan Yden. 

22,954. [a.d. 1400.] Red : edge injured. i in. [Add.- 
ch. 30,719.] 



584 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

A shield of arms : on a chevron betw. three cinquefoils a 
rose or annulet. Above the shield, the full-face bust of a 
wild-man. On each side a vine branch with two clusters of 
grapes. Within a pointed trefoil panel. 

Legend betv/. the points : — 

s* S' • l€ «<_!«. HAN *i_!sK YDGN «< 
Beaded borders. 
Perhaps French. 



Jean d'Ypres. 
See Jean de Ipka. 



Henry de Yseren, lic/ieviu of ]\I\aastriclii\. 

22,955. [a. I). 1338.] Dark-green: imperfect, indistinct. 
About ^ in. when perfect, [xliii. 85.] 

A shield of arms : barry of eight, three dexter hands and 
arms, holding jaw-bones. 

RGN SCAB' T'leC . . 



Gheriit Claes-zoen van Zaenden, Scepen in Haarlem. 

22,956. [a.D. 141 5.] Bronze-green: imperfect. fin. 
[Add. ch. 12,746.] 

An eagle rising with expanded wings, supporting a shield 
of arms : a cross, for Zaanden, of Holland, in dex. chief a 
trefoil for difference. 

[S' • g]cnit : fl . . . . g • ija • jarDr . . 



Dangel van Zerkinghem, Scepen of the 
Town of Sintrnden. 

22,957. [a.D. 141 2.] Bronze-green : chipped, indistinct. 
About I in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 18,206.] 

A shield of arms : five fusils in fess, on a canton a lion 
rampant. Within an ornamentally traced trefoil panel. 

gel . . . nn . . crb 



Gheriit Van den Ziil, Heer tot Punncreynde, or Pnrnierend, 

in North Holland, Netherlands, Ridder. 

22,958. [a.D. 1434.] Red : imperfect, indistinct. About 
l~ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 12,750.] 



THE NETHERLANDS: — HERALDIC SEALS.' 585 

A shield of arms: an eagle displayed, for ZlJLL, t?/ Utrecht. 
Crest, on a helmet, ornamental mantling and wreath, an eagle 
rising. 

........ Jj'c ba f . . . 



Vrederic Van Zulen, Knape. 

22,959. [a.D. 1363.] Bronze-green: imperfect, i in. [Add. 
ch. 12,736.] 

A shield of arms : three columns (^ziiilen). Within a 
carved quatrefoil panel of elegant tracery. 

S' VReOGRI ... AN .... 6N. 
Beaded border. 



Edward, Count of Tim'c^'^&tv. 
See Edward, Duke ^/Gueldres etc. 



Guillaume, Count of 7xvX-^\\.&u. 
See Guillaume, of Juliers, Duke, etc. 



Reinaud, Count of Zutphen. 
See Reinaud, Duke (?/ Juliers, etc 



Pierre, Lord of ... . ncourt. Chevalier. 

22.960. [14th cent ] Dark-green : fine, very imperfect. 
If in. [xlix. 221.] 

A shield of arms : bendy of six, a bordure engrailed. 

© 1:1 S' 1:1 PeTRI 1:1 DNI 1:1 DG 1:1 NCOVRT 1:1 MILITIS 1:1 

Beaded borders. 
Perhaps French. 

Jean de sut, of Belgium. a.D. 1573. 

22.961. Red: edge chipped, i^l- in. [xli.x. 220.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron betvv. two oak leaves in chief, 
a flower in a pot in base. Crest, on a helmet and mantling, 
broken off 

Legend on a scroll : — 

• S • lEAN • DE • . . . . SVT • 1573. 



S86 CATALOGUE OK SEALS. 



22,962. [14th cent] Bronze-green: edge chipped. About 
I in. when perfect. [xHii. 128.] 

A shield of arms : on a bend three columns, or ziiilen. 
Betw. three swans. Within a quatrefoil panel. Cf xliii. 99. 



Legend broken off: — 



D€ 



Uncertain. 

22,963. [i6th cent] Red: chipped, indistinct Hin. 
[xli.x. 223.] 

A shield of arms : a chevron betw. two estoiles in chief, a 
stork in base. Crest, on a helmet, mantling, and wreath, 
destroyed. 

. . . DESMAT + PHLE . . . ? 



, of Belgium. 

22,964. [17th cent.] Bronze-green: indistinct. I|in. 
[xlix. 224.] 

A shield of arms : on a chevron, betw. three estoiles, a 
roundle for difference. 

. . . . • LE 



DUTCH SEALS BEARING 
MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES. 



Tideman Van Brielon. 

Seal used by Ralph Whityng, of Dorking, etc. 

22,965. [a.d. 1417.] Greenish-brown : chipped, cracked, 
in. [Add. ch. 9062.] 

A merchant's mark or monogram. Background shaded. 
J5 S' TIDGCMAJN *< VAN »< BRICLON. 



Seal used by Matildis, zvidozv of JOHN Shepherde, 
of Dorking. 

22,966. [a.d. 1423.] Red. [Add. ch. 9066.] 

» S' TID€MAN -«« VAN » BRI6LON. 



Laurent Descamps, of Belgium. 

22,967. [i6th cent.] Dark-green, i^ in. [xH.x. 161.] 
A figure of St. Lawrence, standing, with book and 



gridiron. 

S ■ LAVRENT • DESCAMPS. 



Desiderius Erasmus, The Scholar, of Rotterdam, 
ob. a.d. 1536. 

22,968. Recent impression in red sealing-wax, from the 
original appended to the will of Erasmus, and thus mentioned 
therein : " . . . . ac peculiare anuli mei sif^illum Terminum 
affixi, &c., 12 Feb. 1536." 4 in. [xlix. 10.] 

A full-faced bust, set on a rectangular plinth inscribed — 

TERMINVS. 
Legend at the sides : — 

■ CEDO ■ • NVLLI ■ 



588 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Bernart GeAon, of Holland {}) 

Seal used by STEPHEN, son of WALTER OLIVER, 
of Ipsivich, CO. Siiff. 

22,969. [a.d. 1368.] Red. fin. [Add. ch. 19,316.] 
On a shield : a merchant's-mark, a cross. Above the 
shield a banner-flag on a tripod. 

S' BeRNART • G6DON. 



Arnoud Lammins, of Holland (?) 

22j970. [15th cent.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
I in. [xlvii. 1795.] 

An Agnus Dei, reguardant. Perhaps here used as a rebus 
on the surname of the owner. 

5 *< aiTnouO « lammms *< 

Laing's MS. Catal., No. 59, where the matrix of brass is stated to 
have been found in 1831 when carrying out some repairs in St. Giles' 
Church, Edinburgh, and to be now preserved in the Museum of the 
Society of Antiquaries, Edinburgh. 



Adrian Mighelson, of Antiverp. 

22,971. [a.d. 145 1.] Red: injured. About -i X ^ in. 
[Harl. ch. 43 B. 5.] 

Octagonal. The initial letters at (?), crowned. 



Jacopus Nuthouk, ./ Belgium. 

1'2,,'dl'2i. [14th cent] Recent impression in gutta-percha. 

^ in. [xlvii. 1449.] 

A merchant's mark. Bctw. two w a\-y sprigs of foliage. 

® S * iacopus * a * nutijoufe * (?) 



Johan Oppebels. 

22,973. [14th cent.] Sulph. cast from good impression. 
I in. [D. C, F. 324.] 

On a shield : a merchant's mark, a saltire couped, in base 
an arrow-head point downwards, in sin. fess a mascle. 

S *** toljan **»*, opprlirls %% 



DUTCH SEALS BEARING MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES. 589 

Pyne Pynesone, of A ntwerp. 

11,^1^. [a.d. 145 1.] Red. f X iin. [Had. ch. 43 B. 5.] 
Octagonal. A merchant's mark. 



Johan Winter. 
Seal used by THO^L\s DE Pirle, of cc. Surrey. 

22,975. [a.d. 1373.] Red: injured by pressure, -fin. 
[Add. ch. 24,614.] 

A shield ensigned with a merchant mark, and charged 
with a saltire betw. the initial letters T • o • O • I • (0 
S' lOHAN WINTeR. 



NORWAY. 



NORWAY. 



ERIC THE GREAT, King of Norway. 

22,976. [a.D. 1297.] White, discoloured : only the central 
part remains. [Add. ch. 26,048.] 

0. The king seated on a gothic throne, and holding sceptre 
and orb. 

Legend wanting. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,216, reads on an impression in the French 
Archives : — 

© SIGILLVM • €RICI • MAGNl • DEI • GRACIA ■ RGGIS • NORVVeGIG • 
FILII ■ R6GIS • MAGNl ■ QVARTI. 

R. The king, in armour, with chained sword, and shield of 
arms, riding on a caparisoned horse, springing to the r. The 
armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons are : a lion 
rampant holding a hatchet, Norway. D'Arcq takes notice 
that the king wears two t'paulUres, a rare occurrence in 
equestrian seals. 

Legend wanting : but read by the above-mentioned author 
on the impression in Paris : — 

* 6RI . . AGN5 • €GO • NORICA • RGGI . . O *T6 TVS • 
M • DS ■ AGN'. 

This appears to be a distich of two lines, a pentameter and 
a hexameter, with a play upon the words Agnus and Magnus. 

" EricHs Agmis ego Norica{regna reg\o 

111. Dens Asrmis." 



BARDE, Chancellor of the King of Norway. 

11,^11. [a.D. 1297.] Dark-green : cracked, imperfect. 
About i| X I in. [Add. ch. 26,048.] 

Pointed oval : the Virgin Mary crowned, holding the Child, 
in a niche with carved and crocketed canopy. Below, under 
an arch, a kneeling figure. At the top, base, and sides, four 
small circular compartments containing the emblems of the 
four Evangelists. 

R6G . . . CAC6LLARII. 

VOL. VI. 2 Q 



594 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

BISHOP OF ASLOIA, ASLO, or OSLO. 
EYVINDUS. A.D. 1288-1303. 

22,978. [a.D. 1300.] Dark-green: a fragment. About 
2 3 X 2 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 26,049.] 

Pointed oval : a figure of the Bishop, standing, full-face, 
with a crozier in the 1. h. ; the r. h. lifted up in the act of 
benediction. 

Legend broken off. 



CATHEDRAL CHAPTER OF ST. HALWARD, 
OF ASLOIA, al. OSLO. 

22,979. [a.D. 1 280-1 320.] Recent impression in red 
sealing-wa.x, from the matri.x. 2^ in. [xliii. 162.] 

A gothic conventional _/ir?f(za'i? or representation of the north 
side of a church ; in the centre of the tower, a figure of the 
Saviour with cruciform nimbus and giving benediction ; under 
the arches, a bishop and seven ecclesiastics. Above, a sun 
star and crescent moon, and two angels with censers. A cock 
is set upon the spire. Masonry of several courses in the e.xergue. 

S' CAPITVLl : CCCLeSie : SANCTI : HALWARDI : D6 : ASLOIA. 
Beaded borders. 



BISHOP OF BERGEN. 
HAKON. A.D. 1331-1342. 

22,980. [ad. 1337.] Light yellow or uncoloured : frag- 
ments. About 3x2 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 26,051.] 

Pointed oval : a figure of the Bishop, full-face, standing on 
a carved platform. Background diapered lozengy with a 
flower in each interstitial space. Within a cusped border 
ornamented with fleury points. 

QVINI : PRIMI : 



BISHOP OF HAMAR. 
THORST.ffi3IN. A.D. 1 288-1 304. 

22,981. [a.D. 1300.] Pale yellow or uncoloured: a frag- 
ment. About 2J X 2 in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 26,049.] 

Pointedioval : a figure of the Bishop, standing, full-face, with 
a Crozier in the 1. h.,the curve turned outwards ; the r. h. lifted 
up in the act of benediction. 

Legend broken off. ^ , 



NORWAY. 595 



ASLOIA, at. OSLO. 
The Church of the B. V. Mary of the Chapel Royal. '.' 

22,982. [14th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax from the matrix. 2 in. [xliii. 163.] 

A representation of the B. V. Mary as Queen of Heaven, 
crowned, standing, full-face, on a jewelled platform, with the 
Itifant Jesus on her 1. arm, beneath an elegantly carved 
trefoiled gothic canopy of ecclesiastical architecture, topped 
with a trefoiled flower. On the r. a crowned and kneeling 
figure is offering a church, the crossed spire of which the 
Virgin is taking by the r. h. ; on the 1. four votaries kneeling 
in adoration. 

S' eCCL'ie • Be • WIRGINIS • CAPGLLe • R6GIS • 
NORWAGie • OSL06N'. 
Beaded borders. 



AUDOUIN -B.-UGl,kC-E^, Lord of He^renes, 

A »ibassa(lor of the King of Norway to France. 

22.983. [a.d. 1295.] Sulph. casts from a good impression. 
If- in. [cxx.xii. 20.] 

0. To the 1., in armour, with hauberk of mail, surcoat, 
sword, plumed helmet and shield of arms. Horse springing 
plumed, and armorially caparisoned. The armorial bearings 
of the shield and caparisons are : a rose within a double 
tressure flory counterflory. 

•^ S' AVDOeNI • HVGLACI • DNI • DG • NGGReNGS. 

Beaded borders. 

H. A smaller round counterseal. I J- in. diam. A shield 
of arms, as described on the obv. Within a six-foiled panel, 
with a rose in each cusp except that in base. 

© S6CR6TVM ODOeNI. 
Beaded border. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,218. 

BIARNA ERLING-SYNI, of Norway. 

22.984. [a.d. 1297.] White or uncoloured. About i\ in. 
when perfect. [Add. ch. 26,048.] 

The knight, riding to the I. in armour with hauberk of mail, 
surcoat, sword, and shield of arms. Horse springing, armori- 
ally caparisoned. The armorial bearings of the shield and 
caparisons are indistinct, perhaps a lion rampant or dragon, 
within a bordure engrailed. 

Legend illegible. 

Beaded borders. 

2 Q 2 



596 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

BARDO, or BAARDI EINARSSON, of Norway. 

22,985. [a.d. 1337.] Red: imperfect. About i in. when 
perfect. [Add. ch. 26,051.] 

Within a carved gothic niche a figure of Our Lord with 
both hand.s raised in the act of benediction. In the exergue, 
under an arch, a figure kneeling in adoration. 
S • BARDONIS NARI. 



THORGILE ERLENDESSON, ^/7Vi7;-it/rtj. 

22,986. [a.d. 1337.] Red: imperfect. About U X 1 in. 
[Add. ch. 26,051.] 

Oval : a saint in a niche. 

S' : THORGIL .... eRL6NDI . . . 
Beaded borders. 



POLAND. 



POLAND. 



KING OF POLAND. 

SIGISMUND III., " Rex Polonice, magnus Dux Lithuatiice, 

Russia:, Masovia:, Samogitice, Livonimque, necnon 

Regni Suecite proximus heres et futuriis Rex!' 

Great Seal. 

22,987. [a.D. 1589.] Red. 2-^ in., set in a thick saucer- 
shaped mass of yellow or uncoloured wax, app. by silk cords 
of various colours. 3]- in. [Add. ch. 29,254] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms, with two cupids at 
the sides and two masks, top and bottom : an eagle displayed 
crowned, Kingdom of Poland. Ensigned with a crown. 
Surrounded by a cordon of eleven smaller shields united by 
interlacing ribbons and foliage. The armorial bearings of 
these shields are for the most part indistinct and obscure. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— SIGISMVCNDVS • III • DEI ■] GRATIA ■ 

REX ■ POLONI/E • 

SVECI/E • MAGNVS ■ D ANI/E • RVSI/G ■ PRVSSl/E. 

{Inner circle) :— MASOVI/E • PGDLACHIyt .... 

.... ONI/EQVE • ETC. ETC. *< 



Seal for the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. 

22,988. [a.D. 1589.] Red. If in,, set in a thick saucer- 
shaped mass of yellow or uncoloured wa.x, app. by silk cords of 
various colours. 4| in. [Add. ch. 29,254.] 

An ornamentally carved shield of arms : an armed knight, 
with sword and shield of arms : Kingdom of Poland, riding 
on a horse springing to the !., on a mount. Ensigned with a 
crown or coronet. 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— SIGISMVNDVS • HI • DEI • GRATIA • REX • 
POLCNI/E ■ MAGNVS ■ DVX • LITVANI/€. 

{Inner circle) :— RVS • PRVS • SAMOGITI/e • MASOVI • 
LIVONI/t • ETC • ETC. 



6oo CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Prince CZARTORISKY-SANGOUSKO, 

of Poland and L itiiiuinia. 

Letter Seal. 

22,989. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matrix, i X f in. [xlix. 8g.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : a cavalier armed de tiutes pikes, 
the vizor up, holding in his r. h. a sword, in his 1. h. an oval 
buckler charged wilh the bearings [a cross of Lorraine], on 
a horse galloping, bridled, housings, bordered, over three 
towers in base. Knsigned w ith the crown of a prince. In the 
base below the shield, a ribbon inscribed : — 

BADZ GO BADZ ix., Let happen what will. 



Counts KRASINSKI, of Poland. ' 
Letter Seal, 

22,990. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matrix. ^ X -rV in. [.xlix. 96.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : a horse-shoe, surmounted by a 
cross pattie supporting a crow rising, holding in its beak a 
golden ring. Crest, on a count's coronet of nine pearls, a 
crow as of the arms. 

Dotted or invected border. 



Barons NIARSINSKI, or KRASINSKI. 
Letter Seal. 

22,991. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matrix. -J x | in. [xlix. 101.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : a horse-shoe, the tip in base 
enclosing a cross pattie. Crest, on a baron's coronet of nine 
pearls, an eagle rising, holding a horse-shoe and cross as of 
the arms in its r. foot. 



PORTUGAL. 



PORTUGAL. 



KINGDOM OF PORTUGAL. 

FERNANDO atid YSABEL, King and Queen. A.D. 1476. 
See under Sl'AIN, No. 23,07.3. 



Legation in London. 
Letter Seal. 

22,992. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matri.x. l-^ X I-V in. [xlix. 67.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : five escutcheons in cross, each 
charged with as many plates, on a bordure seven castles. 
Kingdom of Portugal. Ensigned with a royal crown. 

LEGA9AO DE S • M ■ FIDELISSIMA EM LONDRES. 



FERNANDO, Prince of Portuga/. A.D. 1226; 
See Vol. v., p. 541, No. 19,453. 



ALPHONSE, Prince, afterivards King of Portugal. 

A.D. 1 241. 

See Vol. v., p. 501, No. 19,341. 



ISABELLE, al. ELIZABETH, Princess of Portugal. 

A.I). I43.S. 

See Vol. v., p. 708, No. 20,020. 



CATHARINE OF BRKGANZK, Princess of Portugal, 
Queen-Consort of King CHARLES 11. of England. 

I'irst seal, tj. Vol. L, pp. 103, 104, Nos. 813-815. 

Second seal, z'. Vol. L, p. 104, No. 816, and a fine im^ 
prcssion in bronze-green wax, [Ixxvi. 2] ; plaster casts, 
[Ixxxvii. 59,60]. The armorial bearings are: per pale, de.v. 
Great Britain, as used by Charles II., sin. Portugal. 



604 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

Heraldic Seal of a Portuguese Family, used by 
Richard Cocks, of Japan. 

Letter Seal. 

22,993. [a.d. 1617-1619.] Red: eti placard, imperfect, 
indistinct. | X | in. Six impressions. [Cott. ch. iii. 13.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : five estoiles in saltire. Plumed 
helmet with ornamental mantling. Portuguese style of art. 



RUSSIA. 



RUSSIA. 



SEALS OF THE CZARS. 

FEODOR I., IVANOVITCH. A.D. 1584-1598. 

22,994. Red : cracked, imperfect, repaired. App. by a 
twisted cord of red silk to a deed now wanting. 3 in. [Cott. 
ch. xvi. 10.] 

0. A double-headed eagle of RUSSIA, displayed, each head 
imperially crowned ; charged on the breast with an ornamental 
shield or cuirass of arms of MOSCOW (see No. 22,997). 
Betw. the heads a patriarchal cross and some minute Slavonic 
characters. 

Legend : the Imperial style, in Slavonic capital letters, in 
three concentric circles within two beaded or pearled 
borders. 

B. Nearly similar in design to the obn. 

Legend continued in Slavonic capital letters, three con- 
centric circles within two beaded borders. 

For the Sclavonic alphabet used on these seals see J. F. Fritz, Orien- 
ialiscli und Occidentalisch Sprachmeister, Leipzig, 1748, 8vo. 



BORIS GODUNOW, al. BORIS FEDOROWICH. 

A.D. I 598-1606. 

22.995. [a.D. I 599.] Paper, en placard, from a wa,xen im- 
pression originally covered with it, before impression. 3I in. 
[Cott. MS. Nero B. xi., fol. 379 (J.] 

A double-headed eagle displayed, each head crowned, 
charged on the breast with an ornamental shield or cuirass 
of arms of Moscow (see No. 22,997). Betw. the heads a 
patriarchal cross, and other indistinct devices. 

Legend : the Imperial style, in Slavonic capital letters, all 
within two beaded or pearled borders. 

22.996. Cast from No. 22,995. [cxli. 47.] 



6o8 CATALOGUE OK SKALS. 



ALEXEI MICHAELOWITZ. A.D. 1645-1676. 

22.997. [a.d. 1647.] Red: ^« //^zc^ra', covered with paper 
cut in an ornamental pattern, before impression. 3| in. 
[Harl. MS. 7583, fol. 43 (bound separately)]. 

A double-headed eagle displayed, each head crowned, and 
betw. the heads a coronet or crown ; charged on the breast 
with an ornamental shield or cuirass of arms : a Chevalier, 
crowned, mantle flowing ; riding to the sinister on a galloping 
horse, caparisoned ; in his r. h. a lance with cross-handle, 
overthrowing a dragon pierced by the lance, MOSCOW. 

Legend : the Imperial style, in Slavonic capital letters, 
in five concentric circles, all within two beaded or pearled 
borders. 

22.998. Plaster cast from No. 22,997. [cxli. 45.] 



PETER II. A.D. 1727-1730. 

22,999. [A.D. 1727.] Wax: eti placard, covered with 
paper before impression. 3 in. [Add. MS. 19,715, fol. 5.] 

A double-headed eagle displayed, each head crowned, 
ensigned with an imperial crown with labels ; holding in its 
claws a sceptre and an orb or mound ensigned with a cross ; 
charged on the breast with a shield of arms : MOSCOW, as 
before, encircled with a Collar of the Order of St. Andrew (?), to 
which is attached a pendant badge. Around this design is a 
broad border charged with six shields of arms, the bearings 
indistinct (see descriptions in No. 23,003), each ensigned with 
a crown or coronet. 

Legend : the Imperial style, in Slavonic capital letters. 
Inner border beaded, outer border carved. 

23,000. Plaster cast from No. 22.999. [cxlii. 22.] 



ANNA. A.D. 1 730- 1 740. 

23,001. [a.d. 1737.] Wax : covered with paper before im- 
pression. 2i in. [Add. MS. 19,715, fol. 6.] 

A double-headed eagle displayed, each head crowned, 
ensigned with an imperial crown with labels ; holding in its 
claws a sceptre and an orb or mound ensigned with a 
cross : charged on the breast with a shield of arms : Moscow, 
as before ; encircled with a Collar of the Order of SL 



RUSSIA. 609 



Andrew (?), to which is attached a pendant badge. Around 
this design is a broad border charged witli six shields of arms, 
the bearings indistinct (see No. 23,003), each ensigned with a 
crown or coronet. 

Legend : the Imperial style in Slavonic capital letters. 

Inner border beaded, outer border carved. 

23,002. Plaster cast from No. 23,001. [cxlii. 23.] 



ELIZABETH. A.D. 1741-1762. 

23.003. [A.D. 1748.] Wax : en placard, covered with paper 
before impression. 3 in. [Add. MS. 19,715, fol. 7.] 

A double-headed eagle displayed, each head crowned, 
ensigned with an Imperial crown with labels ; holding 
in its claws a sceptre and an orb or mound ensigned with a 
cross ; charged on the breast with an oval shield of arms : 
Moscow, as before, encircled with a Collar of the Order of 
St. Andrew (?), with its pendant badge attached (not, how- 
ever, of the character engraved for it in Berry's Heraldry). 
Around this design is a broad border bearing six shields of 
arms, the bearings somewhat indistinct, each ensigned with 
its proper coronet or cap ; dex. side : i. The Archangel 
Michael, with sword and buckler, KlEW ; a faittenil, topped 
with a three-branched candlestick, supported by two bears, etc., 
NOVOGOROD ; 3. in chief a crown, in base a badelaire lying 
fess-wise, AsTRAKAN ; sin. side : i. a lion rampant, guardant, 
holding a cross bonrdonnee fitcJu'e, Wladimir ; 2. a cockatrice 
or gryphon, crowned, Kasan ; 3. two arrows in saltire, points 
in base, betw. in chief a crown, in the flanks two martens 
rampant affrontes, over all a bow, fess-wise, .SIBERIA. 

Legend: the Imperial style, short form, in Slavonic capital 
letters. 

Inner border cabled, outer border carved. 

23.004. Piaster cast from No. 23,003. [cxlii. 24.] • 

23.005. [A.D. 1750.] Another. [Add. MS. 19,715, fol. 8.] 

23.006. Plaster cast from No. 23,005. [cxlii. 25.] 

23.007. [A.D. 1754.] Another. [Add. MS. 19,715, fol. 9.] 

23.008. Plaster cast from No. 23,007. [cxlii. 26,] 
VOL. VI. 2 R 



6lO CATALOGUE OF SEALS 



ALEXANDER I. A.D. 1801-1825. 

23.009. [a. D. 1802.] Wax :£•;/ //rt^r^/, covered with paper 
before impression. 3^1"- [Add. MS. 19,715, fol. 12.] 

A double-headed eagle displayed, each head crowned, 
ensigned with an Imperial crown with labels ; holding in the 
claws the sceptre and orb as before ; charged on the breast 
with an ornamentally-shaped shield of arms : MOSCOW, as 
before, and encircled with the Collar of the Order of St. 
Andrew (?), to which the pendant badge is attached. Around 
is a broad border charged with six ornamentally carved 
shields of arms, united by a wavy sprig of foliage and flowers. 
The armorial bearings as described in No. 23,003, q.v. 

Legend : the Imperial style (short form). 

Outer border carved. 

23.010. Plaster cast from No. 23,009. [cxlii. 28.] 



ROYAL OFFICES. 



Great S&al of the Imperial Council of the Empress 
Catharine II. 

23.011. [a.D, 1782.] Red : en placard, covered with paper 
before impression. About 3| in. [Add. MS. 19,715, fol. 10.] 

A double-headed eagle displayed, each head crowned ; 
ensigned with an Imperial crown with labels ; charged on the 
breast with a carved shield of arms : a sword and a caduceus, 
in saltire ; holding in its claws a sceptre and orb. At the 
sides some indistinct devices of trophies, etc., of an allegorical 
or emblematical nature. In base, under an estrade, a floral 
ornament. 

Legend : uncertain, in Slavonic capital letters. 

23.012. Plaster cast from No. 23,011. [cxlii. 27.] 



TJie Landrath VASILY ANITCHKOP, 

Admiral of the Emperor PETER I. 

Seal of Office. 

23.013. \circ. A.D. 1700.] Dark-green : en placard, very- 
indistinct. About I-L in. when perfect. [Add. MS. 19,715, 
fol. 2.] 

A war vessel of remarkable design. In the field some 
illegible letters. 

Legend imperfectly impressed. 
Beaded borders. 

23.014. Plaster cast from No. 23,013. [cxlii. 20.] 



2 R 2 



HERALDIC SEALS,. 



Prince PAUL LIEVEN, (/ Russia. 
Letter Seal. 

23,015. [After A.D. 1826.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix, i X -|-i- in. [xlix. 97.] 

Oval: on a plinth a shield of arms coup^ : — a. a double- 
headed eagle crowned ; b. two branches of a quatrefoil flower, 
slipped and leaved, tied together in base ; over all an 
escutcheon, three fleurs-de-lis within an orle of seven estoiles 
of six points, two, two, and three, LlEVEN. On a baron's 
coronet of nine pearls, a helmet affronte surmounted by a 
smaller coronet of the same degree. On each side of this 
helmet, another, each with a pair of wings erect. Supporters, 
two men-at-arms, armed de tontes pikes, full-face, the visors 
up the helmet plumed with three ostrich feathers, each one 
holding a halberd. 

Legend or motto on a ribbon in base : — 

BOrY M rOCYAAPI,z>., Deo et Imperatori. 



ALEXANDER MENCHIKOFF, Prince, Duke of the 

Roman and Russian Empires ; 

Hereditary Lord of Oranienburg, etc. ; Chief Councillor and 

Confidant of the C::ar; General Commandant 

and Field- Marshal of the Russian Army ; Governor-General 

of St. Petersburg, etc. ; Knight of the 

Orders of Stetnarc, of the Elephant, of the Black Eagle, 

of the White Eagle, etc. 

23,016. [A.D. 1713.] Red: en placard. \-^ X ifV i"- 
[Add. MS. 19,715, fol. I.] 

Oval: a shield of arms: quarterly; i. a lion rampant 
holding a sword ; 2. a chevalier armed de toutes pikes, the 
sword held aloft ; 3. a vessel with sails set, on waves ; 4. two 
cannons on their carriages, etc. ; over all an escutcheon 



RUSSIA: — HERALDIC SEALS. 613 

chased with a double-headed eagle displayed, crowned, 
charged on its breast with a smaller escutcheon charged with 
a human heart, crowned, for Menchikoff. Above the shield 
five crests, each out of a coronet on a helmet, vi::. ; i. a 
cubit arm, in armour, holding a scimetar ; 2. a human heart 
crowned ; 3. (centre) the double-headed eagle, crowned, and 
charged with the escutcheon, as in the shield ; 4. a demi-lion 
issuing, holding a sword, as in the first quarter ; 5. a triple- 
towered castle, with three flags. Round the shield a collar of 
circular plaques, each bearing a Slavonic capital letter, and 
having a pendant saltire. Supporters, two soldiers armed 
with guns. On a carved corbel or bracket, and backed with 
a mantle bunched up at the top corners. 

23.017. Plaster cast from No 23,016. [cxlii. iS.] 

23.018. [a.D. 1716.] Another, red: en placard. [Add. MS. 
19,715, fol. 3.] 

23.019. Plaster cast of No. 23,018. [cxlii. 19.] 



KIRILLE NARISCHKINE. 

{Father of the Mother of PETER THE Great.) 

23.020. [a.D. 1716.] Black: £'«//am;-^, indistinct. i| in. 
[Add. MS. 19,715, fol. 4.] 

A shield of arms, crests, and supporters, etc. The 
escutcheon with which the shield is charged over all, bears : 
coup^, in chief, a demi-eagle displayed, crowned, in base 
fretty, or treilliss^e, for NARISCHKINE. 

23.021. Plaster cast from No. 23,020. [cxlii. 21.] 



Prince-Count LADISLAUS SANGOVSZKO, 

of Russian Poland ; and his wife, m'e the Princess 
ISA LUBOMIRSKI, of Poland. 

Letter Seal. 

23,022. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matrix, broken. li X i in. [xlix. 106.] 

Two shields of arms, ^« accolade: dex. a mounted knight 



014 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

armed de toiites pikes, on a horse galloping ; in r. h. a drawn 
sword and in the 1. h. a buckler [on which the armorial 
bearings are : arg. a cross of Lorraine, SangouszkO-Lu- 
BARTOWICZ, of Pogonia in Poland ; sin. a bend ondee, LUBO- 
MIRSKI, of Poland. The shields surmounted by the crown of 
a prince. Supporters, two lions rampant. In base, a ribbon 
inscribed with the motto : — NIL CON SCI RE SIBI. 



DE SCHIFERLI, Grand Master of the Court of 

Madame La Graud-duchesse Anne Feodorovna, 

[First wife of the Grand-duke CONSTANTINE, of Russia, 

married 17^6, divorced 1820.] 

Letter Seal. 

23,023. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax, 
from the matrix, i^ X i in. [xlix. no.] 

Oval : a shield of arms : on a mount, or terire, three six- 
foil flowers slipped and leaved. Behind the shield two swords 
in saltire, hilts in base. Crest on a helmet and mantling, out 
of a coronet a plume of ostrich feathers. Below the shield a 
cross, the badge of an Order, hanging from a ribbon. 



KINGDOM OF SERVIA. 



STEPHEN DABISHA TVARTKO II., 

King of Servia and Bosnia. 

23,024. [a.d. 1391-1396.] Self-coloured; chipped, rubbed. 
App. by strands of red and white silk plaited together. 4^- in. 
[Add. ch. 26,067.] 

0. The King, seated, full-face, bearded, and crowned, with 
robes of majesty, sceptre, orb or mound surmounted by a 
cross, on a carved throne of elaborate Gothic architecture ; 
his feet rest on two lions. At each side a shield of arms, the 
armorial bearings somewhat indistinct : dex. a double-headed 
eagle, displayed ; sin. a bend betw. six fleurs-de-lis, supported 
in front by an angel with uplifted wings, below by a small 
amorino holding the shield with both hands over his head. 

Legend imperfect, in Servian characters. 

R. The King in armour, with shield of arms, crowned 
helmet and lance flag, riding on a caparisoned war-horse 
springing to the left. The arms on the shield and on the front 
of the horse : a bend betw. six fleurs-de-lis. Background 
diapered in a reticulated pattern enclosing fleurs-de-lis. 

Legend imperfect, in Servian characters. 

Cf. A. J. Evans, Through Bosnia and Herzegovina on foot in 1876, 
pp. 223, 224 ; pp. Ixvi., Ixvii. 



*,* For later Kings of Servia and Bosnia, being Emperors 
of Germany, see the Index. 



SPAIN: 
CASTILE AND LEON. 



SPAIN: CASTILE AND LEON. 



SEALS OF SOVEREIGNS. 



ALDEFONSUS, or ALFONSO IX., 

King of Toledo and Castile. 

Leaden Bulla. 

23.025. [a.d. 1 1 86.] Leaden. App. by strands of coloured 
silk. If in. [Add. ch. 24,803.] 

)9. The King in armour, with conical helmet and long ties, 
concave kite-shaped shield, scabbard, sword, stirrups and 
pointed boots, riding a horse springing to the left. 

© SIGILLVM : REGIS : ALDeFONSl ; 
R. A triple-towered castle, with masoned walls, embattled 
towers, and round-headed door and windows, for Castile. 

R6X I TOLejl : 6T : CAST6LL6. 
The a's without cross-bars ; the T's of unusual form, the 
horizontal bar curved in the middle part like a yoke. 

23.026. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,025. [cxiv. 169, 170.] 



ALFONSO X., King of Castile and Leon. 
Leadeti Bulla. 

23,027, [a.d. 1254.] Leaden: finely preserved. App. by 
strands of yellow and green silk. 2 in. [Add. ch. 24,804.] 

0. A triple-towered castle of elaborate design, for CasTILE. 
The towers and walls embattled, long narrow flat-headed 
windows ; in the central doorway or porch a seated figure of 
the king with a sceptre. In the central tower, lower storey, a 
quatrefoiled opening. 

* S' ; ALFONSI ; ILLVSTRIS ; REGIS i CAST€LLE ; 
ex ; L€GIONIS. 



620 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

R. A lion rampant, for Leon. 

* S' ; ALFONil ; ILLVSTRIS : ReGIS : CASTGLLe : 
eT ■ L6GIONIS : 
Beaded borders. 

23.028. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and re'o. of 
No. 23,027. [cxiv. 173, 174.] 

23.029. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of a 
good impression, [cxiv. 175, 176.] 

23.030. Plaster casts from the original Golden Bulla 
attached to the order of knighthood conferred on Henry III. 
of England, [civ. 16, 17.] 

Same type as the preceding, No. 23,027. 



KUTOl^SO, King of Castile, etc. A.D. 12 57- 1273. 

See Alfonso, King and Emperor 0/ the Romans. 
No. 21,160, p. 22. 



SANCHO IV., ''King of Castile, Toledo, Leon, Gallicia, 

Seville, Cordova, Mnrcia, Jahen, and El Algarbe, 

Lord of Molina," etc. 

23.031. [a.D. 1293.] Dark-yellow: imperfect, indistinct. 
About /^\ in. when perfect. App. by an intricately woven 
ribbon of various coloured threads, \^ in wide. [Egert. ch. 
118.] 

p. The King, full-face, seated on a carved throne, with 
sceptre and orb or mound. 

Legend wanting. 

R:. The King, in armour, with surcoat, helmet, [sword], 
scabbard, and shield of arms, riding on a caparisoned horse 
turned to the 1. The armorial bearings of the shield and 
caparisons are : quarterly ; i, 4. a triple-towered castle, 
Castile, 2, 3. a lion rampant, Leon. 

Legend wanting. 

FERNANDO IV., "King of Castile, Toledo, Leon, Gallicia, 

Seville, Cordova, lilnrcia, Jaheit, and El Algarbe, 

Lord of Molitia," etc. 

23.032. [a.D. 1298.] Yellow or uncoloured : a fragment, 
injured by pressure. About 4,- in. when perfect. [Egert. ch. 
121.] 



SPAIN : — SOVEREIGNS. 621 

0. The King, in armour, with crown, surcoat, and shield of 
arms ; riding to the 1. on a caparisoned horse. The armorial 
bearings of the shield and caparisons are : quarterly ; i, 4. 
Castile ; 2, 3. Leon. 

© i s' eLL s : 

B. A riieda or circular panel quarterly of the armorial 
charges of Castile and Leon as on the shield of arms on 
the obv. 

S" ! c I :. 

Beaded borders. 



Leaden bulla. 

23.033. [a.D. 1307.] Leaden. App. by a plaited cord of 
red and white silks. i-J- in. [Add. ch. 12,766.] 

0. The King, in armour, with hauberk of mail, surcoat, 
crowned helmet, sword and shield of arms ; riding on a 
caparisoned horse springing to the 1. The armorial bearings 
of the shield and caparisons are: quarterly; 1,4. Castile, 
2, 3. Leon. 

e= 3' f6rnandi • illv3tri3 rcgis ca3t6ll6 l6gioni3. 
B. Quarterly ; i, 4. Castile ; 2, 3. Leon as before. 

© 3' F6RNANDI ILV3TRI3 ReGI3 CA3TeLL6 LGGIONIS. 
Beaded borders, and quartering lines on the rev. 

23.034. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,033. [cxiv. 177, 178.] 

23.035. [a.D. 1308.] Leaden. App. by a cord of red and 
white silks. [Add. ch. 12,767.] 

23.036. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,035. [cxiv. 179, 180.] 

23.037. Another set of copper electrotypes of the obv. and 
rev. of No. 23,035. [cxiv. 181, 182.] 



ALFONSO, alias ILLEFONSUS, "King of Castile, Toledo, 

Leon, Gallic ia, Seville, Cordova, Miircia, J alien. 

El Algarbe, Lord of Viscaya and lilolina." 

Leaden Bulla. 
23,038. [a.D. 1329.] Leaden: indistinctly impressed. 
App. by strands of red and yellow silk. 2 in. [Add. ch. 
24,805.] 



622 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



0. The King, in armour, with hauberk of mail, surcoat, 
crowned helmet, sword, and shield of arms, riding on a war- 
horse, armorially caparisoned, springing to the 1. The 
armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons are : quarterly ; 

1, 4. Castile, 2, 3. Leon. 

_ S' ■ ALFOSI • ILVS_TR1S • DGl • G_RA • R€GIS • 
CASTe_-LL6 • e ■ LeCIGNlS. 

The letters CA and EL in Castele respectively united in 
monogram. 

B. Quarterly ; i, 4. a triple-towered castle, for CasTILE, 

2, 3. a lion rampant, for Leon. The quartering lines are 
compound, beaded. 

_ S' • ILLeFOSI_ILLVSTRIS • DGI G_RAT • RGGIS • 
CAST6_LLe G LeGlONlS. 

Each legend is divided into four parts (where the short 
horizontal line is placed) by figures of cherubim. 
Beaded borders. 

23,039. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,038. [cxiv. 185, 186.] 



Another type. 

23.040. [a.d. 1332.] Leaden. App. by strands of red 
silk. [Add. ch. 6334.] 

0. Design similar to the preceding, but the ret', from a 
different matrix. 

_ S' ■ ALFOSI ■ ILVS— TRIS • D6I ■ G_RA • R6GIS • 

CASTe_LLe • e • lcgionis. 

B- _ S' • ILL6FOS1 • D_ei • GRA ■ R6GI_S ■ CASTeLLe_ 
LeGlONlS. 

The letters EL of Castelle united in monogram. 

23.041. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,040. [cxiv. 183, 184.] 



Lata- type. 

23,042. [a.d. 1334.] Leaden: very much corroded, almost 
obliterated designs. App. by strands of red and white silk. 
[Add. ch. 12,768.] 

The title of Lord of Viscaya is omitted in the royal style. 



SPAIN :— SOVEREIGNS. 623 

23,043. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,042. [cxiv. 187, 188.] 

0. The King, full-face, seated on a throne, with sceptre 
and orb. 

B. The King, in armour, with shield of arms, riding on a 
caparisoned horse springing to the left. 

Legends illegible. 



PEDRO I., "King of Castile, Toledo, Leon, 

Gallicia, Seville, Cordova, 

Miircia, Jahen, El Algarbe, Algecira, Lord of Molina" 

Leaden Bulla. 

23.044. [a.d. 1351.] Leaden : somewhat indistinct. App. 
by strands of red and yellow silk. 2-^5- in. [Egert. ch. 125.] 

0. The King, in armour, with hauberk of mail, surcoat, 
cap-shaped helmet, sword and shield, riding on a caparisoned 
war-horse springing to the r. In the foreground, below the 
horse, are several sprigs of leaves. Within a panel of eight 
semicircular cusps, with a small pierced rose or sixfoil in each 
spandril. 
P6TRVS : D€l : GRACIA : R6X : MIL : € : CCC : LXXX : VII. 

B. A design of Spanish heraldry called a rueda or wheel, 
consisting of the charges of the quartcrings of Castile and 
Leon, separated by two beaded or pearled cross lines, ter- 
minating in four pierced sixfoil roses. Within a carved panel 
of eight semicircular cusps, ornamented with small quatrefoils 
along the inner edge and a vine leaf betw. two small pierced 
sixfoils slipped on the same stem. 

© PGTRVS : D€l : GRACIA : RGX : CASXeLLe eLGGIONIS 

ex cexGR . . 

The stops are pairs of pierced sixfoils. 
Beaded borders. 

23.045. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,044. [cxiv. 189, 190.] 

23.046. [a.d. 1351.] Leaden: indistinct, edge and legend 
injured. App. by strands of red and yellow silk. [Add. ch. 
24,808.] 

0. PeXRVS : D€l : GRACIA • RGX : MIL : € : 

CCC : LXXX : VII. 

R. S> PeXRVS : Dei ; GRACIA : R6X : CASXGLLe €LeGIONIS 

ex cexeR . . 



624 CATALOGUE OF SEALS'. 

23,047. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,046. [cxxxviii. 17, 18.] 

The date in the legend of the obv. is expressed according to the Era 
of Spain, commencing in 38 B.C. 



Later type. 

23.048. [a.D. 1366.] Leaden: somewhat indistinct. App. 
by strands of white, red, and yellow silks. About 2^ in. 
[Cott. ch. V. I.] 

0. The King, in armour, with hauberk of mail, surcoat, 
conical helmet with plume and crown, glove, sword, and 
shield of arms, riding on a horse, armorially caparisoned, 
springing to the 1. The armorial bearings of the shield of arms 
and caparisons are : quarterly ; Castile and Leon as before. 

: S' : PeTRI : DGl : GRA : RGGIS : CASTGLLG ; €T : LGGIONIS. 

R. The armorial rueda of Castile and LEON, quarterly, 
as before described, the quartering lines plain. 

: S' : PCTRI : DGl : : R6GIS : CASTeLLG : 6T : LGGIONIS. 

23.049. Sulph. casts, tinted grey, from the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,048. [D.C., F. 164, 165.] 

23.050. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,048. [cxiv. 193, 194.] 



JUAN I., "King of Castile, Leon, Toledo, Galllcia, 

Seville, Cordova, Mn/'cia, Jahen, 

El Algarbe, Algesira, Lord of Lara, Viscaya, and Molina'' 

Leaden Bid la. 

23,051. [a.D. 1379.] Leaden: somewhat injured by 
pressure. App. by strands of crimson, yellow, and white silk. 
2\m. [Add. ch. 8138.] 

0. The King, full-face, crowned, with sword in the r. h. and 
orb or mound surmounted by a cross in the 1. h., seated on a 
throne, his feet on a projecting footboard. 

Legend very indistinct : — 

■S! S J lOHANIS J Del : GRACIA J REGIS 5 CASTGLLe : 
6 LeGIONIS(') 

H. The rneda of Castile and Leon, quarterly, as described 
before. The cross or quartering lines terminating in fleury 
points. 

^ S' : lOHANIS S D6I J GRACIA : R6GIS i CASTGLLC : 
6 L6GI0NIS. 
Beaded borders. 



SPAIN :— SOVEREIGNS. 625 

23,052. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,051. [cxli. 48, 49.] 



JOHN PLANTAGENET, " OF Gaunt," King of Castile 

and Leon, Duke of Lancaster, {Earl of Richmond, 

Derby, Lincoln, Leicester, etc., Steward , of England, 

fourth son of King Edivard IIL^ 

{Same as the preceding.) 

Privy Seal. 

23.053. [a.d. 1380.] Red, embedded in a mass of dark 
green : fine, injured. 2\ in. [Harl. ch. 84 C. 17.] 

An armorial rueda : bearing per pale, dex. quarterly ; i, 4. 
Castile, 2, 3. Leon ; sin. quarterly ; I, 4. France 
(Ancient), 2, 3. England, with a label of three points 
(ermine?). The first and fourth quarters of each impalement 
raised, and the second and third countersunk. Within a 
carved circular panel or border ornamented with small 
cinquefoils along the inner edge. 

%' % jjnbatu S iofyis S "Qtx % gra § Kcgis § 
CTaftfllc § H g HcgtoniB § Surts § ILanfaftrir § 

Carved border. 

23.054. Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from No. 23,053. [D.C., 
F. 517.] 

23.055. [a.d. 1386.] Red: chipped. [Add. ch. 13,910.] 
For description of this example see Vol. III., pp. 386, 387, 

No. 12,694. 

23.056. Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from No. 12,694. [xlvii. 

1370.] 
Laing's MS. Catal., No. 320 ; Sandford, Geneal. Hist., p. 244. 



ENRIQUE III., "King of Castile, Leon, Toledo, Gallicia, 

Sei'ille, Cordova, Mnrcia, Jahen , El A Igarbe, 

Algesira, Lord of Viscaya and Molina." 

Leaden Bulla. 

23,057. [a.d. 1392.] Leaden : somewhat indistinct. App. 
by ;.trands of crimson and yellow silk. 2J- in. [Add. ch. 
24,809.] 

VOL. VI. 2 S 



626 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

0. The King, in armour, with hauberk, short mantle, cap- 
shaped hehnet, sword and shield of arms ; riding on a 
caparisoned horse, springing to the 1. The armorial bearings 
of the shield and caparisons are : quarterly ; Castile and 
Leon as before described. 

S' : eNRici ; oei t gracia : rggis : CASTeLte : 

€7 i LeGIONIS. 
The letters EX in ENRlCt are united in monogram. 
R. The armorial r net/a of Castile and Leon, as before 
described. The quartering lines take the form of a cross with 
trefoiled ends. 

s' s HeNRici J Dei ; gra ; regis : CASTeLte ; 

er t L6GIONIS. 

23.058. Copper electrotypes of the oh', and rev. of 
No. 23,057. [cxiv. 195, 196.] 

23.059. [a.D. 1392.] Leaden, corroded : somewhat indis- 
tinct. App. by strands of crimson, green, and yellow silk. 
[Add. ch. 8134.] 

0. 8' : CNRici ; oei : gracia ; regis t CASTSLLe t 
er : L€Gionis. 

B.. S' ! HGNRICI t Dei J GRA I REGIS i CASTeLLe : 
CT J LGGIONIS. 

23.060. Copper electrotypes of the ol/v. and rev. of 
No. 23,059. [cxiv. 197, 198.] 

23.061. [a.D. 1392.] Leaden, corroded: somewhat indis- 
tinct, pressed in places. App. by strands of crimson, green, 
and yellow silk. [Add. ch. 8135.] 

p. S' : eNRici J Dei : gracia : Recis ; CASxeLLe : 
ex : LecioNis. 

B. 8' 3 H6NRIC1 1 Dei ! gra : ReGis j CASxeLLe i 

6T J LeGIONIS. 

23.062. Copper electrotypes of the oiv. and rez'. of 
No. 23,o6l [cxiv. 199, 200.] 

23.063. [a.D. 1392.] Leaden, corroded : somewhat indis- 
tinct, partly injured by pressure. App. by strands of crimson, 
green, and yellow silks. [Add. ch. 8136.] 

0. S' : CNRICI t Dei i GRACIA i RGGIS % CASTeLLG J 
GT : LGGIONIS. 

R. s' : HGNRici : Del ; gra : Recis t castgllg : 
er i LeGIONIS. 



SPAIN :— SOVEREIGNS. 627 

23;064. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,063. [cxiv. 201, 202.] 

23.065. \circ. A.D. 1392.] Leaden, corroded: indistinct. 
Originally app. by strands of crimson and yellow silk to a 
deed now missing, [xlvl. 2 ] 

0. S' J eNRICI J Dei I GRACIA % R6GIS : CASTGLLe % 
GTS L6GIONIS. 

R. S' ! HGNRICI : DGI t GRA : RGGIS ! CASTGLLe J 
6T : LGGIONIS. 

23.066. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,065. [cxxxvill. 19, 20.] 

23.067. [A.D. 1396.] Leaden: somewhat indistinct. App. 
by strands of coloured silks. [Add. ch. 24,810.] 

0. S' 5 GNRICl J DGl i GRACIA i RGGIS % CASTGLLG J 
6T J LGGIONIS. 

R. S' J HGNRICI : DGI % GRA ; RGGIS % CASTGLLG f 
6T: LGGIONIS. 

23.068. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,067. [cxxxvlii. 21, 22.] 



JUAN II., ''King of Castile, Leon, Toledo, Galisia, Seville, 

Cordova, Miircia, Jalien, El Algarbe, Algesira, 

Lord of Viscaya and Molina." 

Leaden Bulla. 

23,069. [a.D. 1420.] Leaden : fairly well preserved, 
injured, indistinct in places. App. by strands of crimson, 
blue, yellow, green, and white silk. 2^ in. [Add. ch. 24,812.] 

0. The King, in armour, with hauberk, surcoat, conical 
helmet, shield of arms, circular tpaulitre, and sword, riding on 
a war-horse springing to the 1., armorially caparisoned. The 
armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons are : quarterly ; 
I, 4. Castile, 2, 3. Leon. 

S= S' : lOHANIS ! DGI ! GRACIA J RGGIS 5 CASTGLLG 5 
6 LGGIONIS ; 

R. The riieda of Castile and Leon as before. The cross 
or quartering lines being fleury at the points. 

S' lOHANIS DGI GRACIA RGGIS : CASTGLLG ". G LGGIONIS. 
Beaded borders. 

2 S 2 



628 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

23,070. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,069. [cxiv. 203, 204.] 



ENRIQUE IV., "King of Castile, Leon, Toledo, GalUsia, 

Seville, Cordova, Mtcrcia, Jaheti, El A Igarbe, 

Algesira, Lord of Viscaya and Molina!' 

Leaden Bulla. 

23.071. [a.D. 1459] Leaden : well preserved. App. by 
strands of crimson, blue, yellow, green, and white silk. 2-i- in. 
design, the lead 2f in. [Egert. ch. 618.] 

0. Bust of the King in profile to the 1. with curled hair, 
jewelled crown of three leaves betw. two fleurs-de-lis in sight, 
embroidered vestment. The ornamentation of the crown and 
dress consists of small pierced cinquefoils. 

© GNRICVS * iiii « D€l * GRACIA * R6X « CASTGLe * CLGGI. 

R. The rneda of the armorial bearings of CASTILE and 
Leon, quarterly, as before. The cross or quartering lines, 
plain. 

«> 6NRICVS * iiii * Dei * GRACIA ® RCX * CASTGLe * eLGGIONI. 

Beaded borders. 

23.072. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,071. [cxxxviii. 23, 24.] 



FERNANDO II., and YSABEL, "Ki7ig and Queen of 

Castile, Leo)i, Toledo, Sicily, Portugal, 
Gallizia, Seville, Cordova, Murcia, J alien, I^os Algarbes, 

Algezira, Gibraltar, Princes of the 
Kingdoms of Ar agon. Lords of Visscaya and Molina" 

First Leaden Bulla. 

23,073. [a.D. 1476.] Leaden : somewhat indistinct in 
places App. by strands of crimson, blue, yellow, green, and 
white silk. Seal 2|, lead 2\ in. [Add. ch. 24,813.] 

p. The King, in armour, with sword, cap-shaped helmet, 
and large shield of arms, riding on a caparisoned horse 
pacing to the 1. The armorial bearings of the shield very 
indistinct, but apparently similar to those described for 
the rev. 

^ FeRNANDVS * D€l * GRACIA * R€X * CASTeLLE & GT. 



SPAIN : — SOVEREIGNS. 629 

R. The Queen, full-face, with long hair, crowned, in the 
r. h. a sceptre, in the 1. h. a shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. 
quarterly ; i., iv. CasTILE, ii., iii. Leon ; 2, 3. per pale, dcx. 
four pales, Aragon ; 2, 3. quarterly ; per saltire, in chief and 
point four pales, in each flank an eagle displayed, SiCILY. 
The Queen is seated on a carved throne with pinnacles and 
cresting. ^ 

© HeLISAB6T * Dei « GRACIA ® ReGINA « CAST6LL6 « 6. 

Cabled borders. 

23,074. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,073. [cxiv. 205, 206.] 



Later Bulla of the above Sovereigns, as "King and Queen of 

Castile, Leon, Aragon, Sicily, Toledo, Valencia, 

Galizia, Mallorca, Seville, Cerdena, Cordova, Corcega, 

Murcia, Jahen, Los Algarbcs, Algezira, 

Gibraltar, Count and Conntess of Barcelona, Lords of Viscaya 

and Alolina, Dukes of A thc?ias and 

Neopatria, Count of Russelon and Ccridena, Marquis of 

Or is tan and Gociano." 

23,075. [A.D. 1484.] Leaden : rubbed in places. App. by 
strands of crimson, yellow, green, and white silk. Seal 3 in., 
lead 3| in. [Add. ch. 24,814.] 

0. The King, in armour, with crown, sword and scabbard, 
shield of arms and long streamers or banderoles floating 
behind him ; riding on a horse armorially caparisoned 
springing to the 1. The armorial bearings of the shield of 
arms and caparisons are : quarterly ; i, 4. quarterly ; i., iv. 
Castile, ii., iii. Leon ; 2, 3. per pale, Aragon and Sicily, 
as before. 

* F6RDINANDVS I Dei I GRACIA I R€X : CASTeULe 3 

LeoioNis { ARAGONVM I eT s sec. 

B. The Queen, full-face, with very long hair, crowned, and 
with royal vestments, fur tippet, etc., in the r. h. a sceptre, in 
the 1. h. an orb, and below it a shield of arms as described in 
the obv. The Queen is seated on a carved throne with 
pinnacles and cresting. 

e: HCLISABeT I Dei : G'RA : ReGINA : CASTGLLe : 

LeGioNis : ARAGONVM : eT : seciLie. 
Beaded borders. 



630 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

23,076. Copi^er electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,075. [cxiv. 207, 208.] 



PHILIP and JUANA, "King and Qjieen of Castile, etc., etc.. 

Seal used by, Z^JPi^Pi., Queen of Castile, Leon, 

Granada, Toledo, Galizia, Seville, Cordova, Murcia, Jahen, 

Los Algarbes, Algczira, Gibraltar, the Canaiy Isles, 

the Islands of India and " Tierra firnie del Mar Oceano " ; 

Princess of A ragon, the two Sicilies, Jcrnsalem, etc. ; 

Archduchess of Austria ; Duchess of Burgundy aiul Brabant ; 

Co7intess of Flanders and Tirol ; 

Lady of Vizcaya, and Molina " (daughter of FERDINAND, 

the Catholic, King of Aragon ; wife ^/PHILIP, 
Arch-iuke of Austria, son of the Emperor MAXIMILIAN I.) 

23,077. [a.D. 1510.] Red: fine but chipped, cracked. 
App. by green silk ribbon. 3a in. [Egert. ch. 127.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. quarterly ; i., iv. 
quarterly ; a. d. Castile, b. c. LeoN ; ii., iii. per pale, dex. 
Aragon, sin. Sicily ; 2; 3, quarterly ; i. Austria {Haus- 
wapptn) ; ii. BURGUNDY (Modern Dukes) ; iii. Burgundy 
(Ancient Dukes) ; iv. Brabant ; over each of the 2nd and 
3rd quarters a small escutcheon, per pale, dex. Flanders, 
sin. Tirol. Ensigned with a jewelled crown of three fleurs- 
de-lis alternated with two leaves in sight. Betw. the rustic 
ornamental initial letters F. Y. (Filippo : Yuana.) 

Legend in two concentric circles : — 

{Outer circle) :— GT + lOHANA + Dei + GRA + ReX + GT + 

RGGINA + CASTGLLG + LGGIONIS &c NATI + 

PRINCIPIS + ARAGON + GT + VTRIVSQ5 + SCILIG + ARGHIDVCGS. 

(Inner circle) :— AVSTRIE + DVCES + BVRGVDIE + BRABACIE + 
COMITES + FLANDRIE + TIROLIS + EOT + 

Philip of Austria became King of Castile, etc., in 1504, and 
died in 1506, but this seal was evidently used by Juana or 
Jeanne, infanta of Castile four years after his death. The 
name Philippus at the beginning of the legend appears to have 
been purposely obliterated, probably when the impression 
was made. 



CHARLES, King of Spain, etc., ob. A.D. 1558. 

Sec Charles V., Emperor of the Romans, etc., Nos. 21,217- 
21,222, 21,225, 2i,22'5, pp. 46-50. 



SPAIN :— SOVEREIGNS. 63 1 

PHILIP II., King of Castile, Leon, Navarre, Granada, Toledo, 
Galicia, Seville, Cordova, Miircia, etc., A.D. 1558-1598. 

Leaden Bulla. 

23.078. Leaden : somewhat indistinct in places. 3 in. 
[xxxix. 41.] 

0. The King, full-face, crowned and with royal vestments, 
in the r. h. a sceptre, in the 1. h. an orb or mound, seated in 
a carved throne with diapered semicircular back, betw. two 
buttresses, and as many engaged columns. The decoration 
is of the period of the renaissance. Feet on a semicircular 
projecting footboard or dais, with geometrical pavement. 

PHILIPPVS • II • D • G • CASTELL.C ■ LEGIONIS • 
NAVARR/E • GRANAT/E. 

0. A shield of arms : quarterly ; CASTILE and Leon as 
before, the point entc of Granada. Ensigned with a 
jewelled crown of three large and five small flowers in sight. 

Legend continued from the obv. : — 

TOLETI • GALICl.t • HISPALIS ■ GORDVB/E ■ MVRCI/E • 
ETC • REX. 

23.079. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,078. [cxiv. 209, 210.] 



Later Seal, as King of " Castile, Leon, Arragon, Navarre, 

Naples, Sicily, Majorca, Sardinia, the Indian 

Islands atid Tierrafirme of t lie Ocean Sea ; Archduke of Austria ; 

Duke of Burgundy, Lotliier, Brabant, Lyinburg, 
Ltixembiirg, Gueldres, and Jllilan; Count of Habsburg, Flanders, 

Artois, Burgundy Palatine, Hainault Holland, 

Zeeland, Nanuir and Zutp/ten ; Prince of Swabia ; Marquis 

of the Holy Empire ; Lord of Frisia, 

Salines, M alines, Utrecht, Over-Isscl, and Groeningen ; 

Dominator in Asia and of Africa^ 

23,080. [A.D. 1574.] Red: very imperfect, indistinct. 
About 4^ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 9205 ] 

0. The King, full-face, crowned, and with royal robes ; 
seated on a throne carved and ornamented in the style of the 
renaissance, with two terminal figures and four angels. Feet 
on a geometrical pavement, on each side a shield of arms 
encircled with a collar, that on the r. h. side broken away ; 
that on the 1. h. side or dex., similar to that described 
lower down in the countcrseal. Ensigned w ith a coronet or 



632 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

cap, and encircled with the collar from which depends the 
badge of the Order of the GoLDEN FLEECE. 

Legend wanting. 

B. A smaller round counterseal. About 3 in. diam. A 
shield of arms : coiip^, the chief per pale, dex. quarterly ; i., iv. 
Castile, ii., iii. Leon ; sin. per pale, dex. Aragon, sm. Sicily. 
The point ente oi Granada ; the base quarterly ; i. AUSTRIA 
{Hausivappen) ; 2. BurgUxNDY (Modern Dukes) ; 3. BUR- 
GUNDY (Ancient Dukes) ; 4. Brabant, over all a small 
escutcheon charged with per pale, dex. FLANDERS and xin. 
Tirol. Ensigned with a coronet or cap, and encircled with 
the collar from which depends the badge of the Order of the 
Golden Fleece. 

Legend indistinct. DArcq., No. 11,270 where the legend 
of the obv. is given from a fine example, as : — 

PHILIPPVS • D • G • REX HISPAN • VTR • SICIL • ETC • 

ARCHID • AVSTR ■ DVX BVRG • 

BRAB • ETC ■ COMES FLANDRl/C ETC. 

and that of the rev., as : — 

PHILIPPVS • D • G ■ REX • HISP ■ ETC • ARCH • AVST • DVX BVRG ■ 
BRAB • ET COMES FLAND • ETC. 
Urcdius, Sigg. Coiniii. Flandr., p. 245. 

23,081. [a. D. 1574.] Red : a small fragment. [Add. ch. 
9206.] 



For Seals of PHILIP and MARY, King and Queen of 
England, Spain, etc. SeeNoX. I., pp. 49-51, Nos. 437-441. 



PHILIP III., ''King of Castile, Leon, Aragon, The two 

Sicilies, jferiisalein, Portugal, Navarre, 

Granada, Toledo, Valencia, Galizia, the Majorcas, Seville, 

Cerdena, Cordova, Corzega {Corsica), Miircia, J alien, 

the Algarves, Algeqira, Xibr altar, the Islands of Canary, the 

East and West India Islands, the Islands and the 

Tierra fir me of the Ocean Sea, Archduke of Austria, 

Duke of Burgundy, Brabant and Milan" etc. 

Leaden Bulla. 

23,082. [a.D. 1618.] Leaden, partly corroded: very indis- 
tinct. App. by three twisted cords of crimson, yellow, and 
white silk. 3^ in. [Add. MS. 22,145.] 

0. The King, full-face, with crown and royal robes, sceptre 
and orb ; seated on a carved throne with semicircular back. 



SPAIN : — SOVEREIGNS. 633 



diapered, and flanked with pillars or buttress and engaged 
columns, as described in No. 23,078. 
Legend very indistinct : — 

PHILIPPVS ■ III ■ D • G • CASTELL/E • LEGIONIS • 
NAVARR^E • GRANAT/E. 

B. A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. Castile, 2, 3. Leon, 
ensigned with the crown, etc., as described above. 
ET HISPAL • CORD 

Cf. the Leaden Bulla of Philip II., No. 23,078. 

23,083. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,082. [cxiv. 211, 212.] 



PHILIP IV., ''King of Castile, Leon, Aragon, the two 

Sicilies, Jerusalem, Portugal, Navarre, Granada, 

Toledo, Valencia, Gallicia, the Majorcas, Seville, Cerdena, 

Cordova, Corsica, Murcia, Jaen, the Algarbes, 

Algezira, Gibraltar, the Islands of Canary and of t lie East and 

West Indies, the Islands and Tierra firnie of the 

Ocean Sea ; Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Lothier, 

Brabant, Limburg, and Luxemburg, Gueldres, and Milan, 

Count of Ilabsburg, Flanders, Artois, Burgundy, 

Palatine of Tirol, Hainault, Holland, Zeeland, Nantur, and 

Zutphen ; Prince of Zzvavia (Swabia) ; 

Marquis of the Holy Roman Empire; Lord of Frisia, 

Salines, Malines, Utrecht, Overyssel, 
and Groeni7igen, and Domiiiator of Asia and Africa!' 

23,084. [a.d. 1630.] Red : very imperfect, indistinct. About 
4-i- in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 19,558.] 

0. The King, full-face, crowned, with plate armour and 
royal robes, in the r. h. a sword, in the 1. h. a sceptre, seated 
on a carved throne under a baldachin, feet on a projecting 
dais. At each side a shield of arms, dex., ensigned with 
crown, sin. with coronet or cap, and encircled with the collar 
from which depends the badge of the Order of the GoLDEN 
Fleece. The armorial bearings of the dex. shield are : 
coupe, the chief part per pale, dex. quarterly ; i, 4. Castile, 

2, 3. Leon ; sin. per pale, dex. Aragon, sin. SiCiLY ; point 
enti' of Granada. The base part as described for the sin. 
shield and in other seals. The sin. shield bears quarterly ; 
I. Austria {Hausivappcn) ; 2. Burgundy (Modern Dukes) ; 

3. Burgundy (Ancient Dukes) ; 4. Brabant, over all 
a small escutcheon bearing per pale, dex. FLANDERS, sin. 
Tirol. Below each shield is a device of two raguly staves 



634 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



in saltire enfiled with a flint link or briquet from the collar 
of the Order of the GOLDEN FLEECE. 

Legend broken off. Uredius, who describes and figures 
this seal in Sigilla Coinitiiin Flaiidrite, p. 299, gives the legend 
as follows : — 

PHILIPPVS • nil ■ D • G • REX HISPAN • VTR ■ 

SICIL ■ ZC . ARCHID ■ AVSTR • 

DVX BVRG • BRAB • COMES FLANDRI/E HC. 

R. A smaller round counterseal. 3 in. diam. A shield of 
arms, as described for the dex. shield in the obv., ensigned 
with a crown and encircled, with the collar from which depends 
the badge of the Order of the Golden Fleece. 

Legend very indistinct ; — according to Uredius, I.e., it is as 
follows : — 

PHILIPPVS ■ nil • D • G • REX HISP • ZO . ARCH • AVST ■ 
DVX BVRG • BRAB • GOMES FLAND • ZO. 



C'H.K'Rli'E,^, King of Spain, ob. A.T>. 1740. 

See Charles IV., Emperor of Germany, pp. 70-73, 
Nos. 21,267-21,272. 



PRIFY SEAL, OR SECRETUM. 



FERRANDO, or FERNANDO II., " Kiitf: of Castile, 

Aragoii, Leon, Sicily, Granada, Toledo, Valencia, 

Galicia, the Majorcas, Sei>ille, Cerdeiiya, Cordova, Corcega, 

Murcia, jfaen, Los Algarbes, Algczira, Gibraltar, 

The Canary Isles, Count of Barcelona, Lord of Vizcaya, 

and Molina. Duke of A thcns, and Neopatria, Count of Rossello, 

and Ceritania, Marqicis of Oristany, and Gociano" 

Priiy Seal. 

23,085. [a.D. 1497.] Red : en placard, covered with paper 
before impression. 2-f- in. [Add. ch. 16,528.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; 1,4. quarterl)' ; i. iv. Castile, 
ii. iii. Leon ; 2, 3. per pale, Aragon and Sicily ; the point 
ent^ of Granada. Crest, on a helmet, mantling and crown, 
a dragon. 

Legend very indistinct, on a wavy ribbon ornamented with 
carved foliage : — 

SIGILVM NV NA . . . . VAL .... 



PHILIP II., Ki7ig of Castile, etc. (?). 
Secretuni. 

23,086. \circ. h.V). 1556-1598.] Red: covered with paper 
before impression. 1-;^- in. [xlviii. ^,1?^ 

A double-headed imperial eagle displayed, ensigned with a 
crown or diadem, to represent his paternal descent from the 
Emperor CHARLES V., charged on the breast with a shield of 
arms, coupe: the chief part per pale, dex. quarterly ; I, 4. CAS- 
TILE, 2, 3. Leon ; sin. per pale, dex. Aragon, sin. SiClLY ; 
the base part quarterly ; i. Austria {Hauswappen) ; 2. BUR- 
GUNDY (Modern Dukes) ; 3. Burgundy (Ancient 
Dukes) ; 4. Brabant, over all the base quarterings a small 
escutcheon charged with per p^le, dex. FhA'SVERS, sin. TiROL. 
Below the shield, on a ribbon, the legend : — 
SIGILLVM SECRETI. 



636 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



THE SPANISH LEGATION IN LONDON. 

Letter Seal. 

23,087. [Modern.] Recent impression in red sealing-wax 
from the matrix. I^ X i in. [xlix. 70.] 

Oval: a shield of arms: quarterly, i, 4. Castile, 2, 3. 
Leon ; the point entt\ Gran.ADA ; over all an oval escutcheon : 
three fleurs-de-lis, Bourbon-France, ensigned with a royal 
crown, and encircled with the collar of the Order of 
Charles III., with the star depending. 

LEGATION DE ESPANA EN LONDRES. 



ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 



BISHOP OF BURGOS, Aiica, or Oca, in Old Castile. 
JUAN DE LAS ROELAS, A.D. 1351-1360. 

23,088. [a.D. 1352.] Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from a fine, 
but chipped impression. 3| x l^ in. [cxxxv. 13.] 

Pointed oval : the Bishop, standing, full-face, with mitre, 
and vestments, lifting up the r. h. in the act of benediction, in 
the 1. h. a crocketed crozicr or pastoral staff, the curve turned 
outwards ; on a carved corbel in a canopied niche. Overhead 
in a smaller niche with elaborated carved canopy, pinnacled 
and crocketed, a representation of the " Coronation of the 
Blessed Virgin " treated in the conventional manner. At each 
side in a canopied niche set on a carved corbel or bracket, 
an angel standing, holding in front a shield of arms : six 
roundles (bezants or plates) or roelas, in allusion to the surname 
of the prelate. Below each bracket a cinqucfoil flower. 

SIGILLVM : lOHANNIS : DGI : 6T : APOSTOLICe : S6DIS : 
G 6PISCOPI : BVRG6N. 

U'Arcq, No. li,3;o, with description of a counterseal : a saint, with 
nimbus, in profile to the left, kneeling in adoration before the Almighty, 
who is blessing him, betw. two " compas," in a quadrilobe, and legend : 
+ S' SGCRGTI. 



BISHOP OF COMPOSTELLA, in Galicia. 

BERENGER DE LONDORA. A.D. 1317-1325. 

Seal as Bishnp elect. 

23,089. [a.D. 1317.] Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from a 
chipped, imperfect impression. About 2\ x l-i- in. when 
perfect, [cxxxv. 14.] 

Pointed oval : on a platform, a representation of the B. V. 
Mary, standing, full-face, crowned and draped, holding on the 
1. arm the Child with nimbus ; in her r. h. laid on her breast, 
a cross. At her r. h. a representation of St. James of Com- 
postella, standing, in the habit of a pilgrim, with nimbus, wallet, 
staff in r. h., and book in 1. h. ; on her 1. h. a representation of 



638 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

St. Dominic with nimbus, palm branch of martyrdom, and 
book, all betw. three pairs of escallops, symbolical of the 
celebrated pilgrimage of Compostella. Bishop Berenger, 
being General of the Order of St. Dominic, appropriately 
introduces this figure into his seal. In base, under an arcade 
of six pcndentives, a half-length figure of the Bishop elect, 
in profile to the r., the hands clasped in adoration ; betw. 
on the r. a cross and a mitre, on the 1. a crocketed crozier or 
pastoral staff. 

S' FRICS •: Rll • • OR • • 6L6CTI COMPOST6LLNS'. 

Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,349. 

BISHOPS OF OSAIA, Oxoma, or Aiixuma, in Old Castile. 
AUGUSTINE. A.D. 1261-1286. 

23,090. [a.d. 1269.] Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from a fine 
impression. 2\ X li in. [cxxix. 90] 

Pointed oval : a representation of the Bishop, full-face, 
standing on a bracket or corbel ; with a mitre and vestments 
fringed and diapered, lifting up the r. h. in the act of bene- 
diction, in the 1. h. a crocketed crozier or pastoral staflf. The 
curve turned outwards. 

S' : AVGVSTINI ; Dei I G^A ; ePI • OXOMeNSIS. 

Beaded border. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,353. 



PEDRO CLEMENTE AROSTEGUI, an Archbishop in 

partibus. a.d. 1748- 1760. 

23,091. Plaster cast from a fine proof impression. 2\ in. 
[cxxxvii. 72.] 

A shield of arms of ornamental shape : per pale, dex. a 
chevron betw. in chief two pierced estoiles of eight points, 
in base a pear slipped and leaved, for the SEE OF OSMA, sin. 
an oak-tree with four squirrels, two on either side, climbing 
up, for ArosteguL Above the shield, a patriarchal cross 
crosslet, springing from a cherub's head. Ensigned with a 
hat with cords bearing ten tassels, one, two, three, and four, 
on each side. 

© D ■ D • PETRVS • CLEMENTE • AROSTEGUI • ARCHPS • 
EPS • OXOMENSIS. 
Carved border. 

The arms of the Spanish family of AROSTEGUI are given 
by Rietstap as : quarterly ; 1,4. a fleur-de-lis, 2, 3. an oak- 
tree eradicated. 



SPAIN : — ECCLESIASTICAL SEALS. 639 



SEVILLE. 

Diocese or Cathedral (?). 

Seal of the Treasury of St. Isidore, " ad causas." 

23,092. [13th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix preserved in the Dept. of British and 
Medi?eval Antiquities. iWin- [cxxiv. 193.] 

A representation of St. Isidore of Seville, standing, turned 
slightly to the 1., with nimbus, in the r. h. a book, in the I. h. 
a palm branch, overhead a canopy of three arches. Back- 
ground diapered with a trefoil slipped in each interstitial 
space. 

S' • T'RARie • AD • CAS • STi • YSVDORL 

Beaded borders. 



ARCHBISHOPS OF TOLEDO. 

SANCHO I., e/ea, A.D. 1250; co/isecrafed, A.D. 1259 ; 
od., A.D. 1 26 1. 

23,093. [A.D. 1255.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
2i X li in. [cxxxv. 24.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of the Archbishop elect, 
standing, full-face, on a carved corbel or bracket, without 
mitre, crozier, or archiepiscopal vestments, but holding a book 
on his breast with both hands. Overhead a hand of blessing 
issuing from the clouds. On his r. h. side a castle triple- 
towered, on his 1. h. side a lion rampant, for Castile and 
Leon respectively. 

SIGILLVM • SANCII ■ TOLeXANe : S6DIS : 6L'CTI. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,343, where the wavy hem of the habit has been 
mistaken for a lion ! 



SANCHO II. A.D. 1266-122 c,, Prin/ate of S/>a/!i, 
Cliancellor of the King of Castile. 

23,094. [a. D. 1259.] Sulph casts from a good impression. 
2| X i|in. [cxxxv. 22, 23.] 

0. Pointed oval : a representation of the Archbishop, with 
mitre, pallium, and embroidered ecclesiastical vestments, lift- 
ing up the r. h. in the act of benediction, in the 1. h. a crozier 
or pastoral staff, the curve turned inwards ; seated, full-face, 
on a throne of chair-like form, the ends terminating with 
heads and feet of lions ; his feet rest on a carved corbel or 
bracket. 

S< S' • S • Df • GRA • ARCHiePT- TOL'TAN ISPAN • PMAT- 
Z ■ R6G • GAST6LL' ■ CACeLLARM. 



640 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

R. A small round counterseal. i ,V in. diam. A representa- 
tion of the B. V^ Mary, crowned and draped, standing full- 
face with the Child, with nimbus, seated on her 1. arm, with 
the r. h. investing with a palluim, the Archbishop kneeling in 
profile to the r., in adoration before her. In the centre of the 
design, betw. the Virgin and the prelate, an estoile of eight 
points. 

+ AVe • MARIA ■ GRA • PLENA ■ DNS • TGCVM. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,344. 

GONZALO, or GUNDISALVUS DE AGUILAR. 

A.D. 1351-1353- 

23,095. [A.D. 1352.] Red, embedded in a self-coloured 
mass : chipped, injured in places. App. by a narrow tape or 
coarse ribbon of blue and white threads. About 2\ X i-g- in. 
[Egert. ch. 126.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of the Archbishop, full-face, 
with mitre and ecclesiastical vestments, lifting up the r. h. in 
the act of benediction, in the 1. h. a long cross with fleury 
ends ; seated on a folding throne, the ends of which terminate 
with the heads and feet of lions, in a canopied niche of three 
arches. Overhead in a canopied niche of smaller dimensions, 
with open tabernacle work at the sides, crocketed and 
pinnacled, the B. V. Mary, three-quarters length, holding the 
Child on the 1. arm. The principal niche also ornamented 
with smaller niches of open tabernacle work, supported on 
masoned brackets at the sides. The whole edifice rests on a 
carved corbel or bracket, on which is set a shield of arms : a 
cross betw. four fleurs-de-lis. See of Toledo (?). 

S' ■ GVNDISALVI DGI ■ Z • APL'ICe S6DIS • GRA • 
ARCHiePI ■ TOL 



HOLY OFFICE OF THE INQUISITION. 
Fr. PETRUS DE MAST'CETA (.?). 

23,096. [15th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the brass matrix preserved in the Dept. of British 
and Mediaeval Antiquities. 2-L X 1-,% i". [cxxiv. 144.] 

Pointed oval : a representation of St. Dominic, First 
Inquisitor and Patron Saint, with radiant nimbus, palm 
branch of martyrdom in the r. h., a book in the 1. h., a sword 
stuck in his 1. shoulder ; standing on a masoned corbel. 

©SIGILVM OFIGIl INQVISIONIS FRIS PeTI DG MAST'CfeTA 

IN TOTO RGGN. 
Beaded borders. 



spain : — ecclesiastical seals. 64i 

Inquisitor. 
Fr. JOHANNES DE CLERIS. 

23,097. [15th cent] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wax, from the matrix, i in. [cxxx. 14.] 

A half-length figure of Saint Dominic, with radiant nimbus ; 
a book in the r. h., and a palm branch of martyrdom in the 
1. h. 

S + r + to + Oc + clcris + inqutfitOR. 

Beaded border. 



2 T 



MONASTIC SEALS. 



BURGOS, Abbey of Santa Maria de Las Hiielgas. 

Dona Blanca, daughter ^j/ ALFONSO III., King of 

Portugal, and grand-daughter .?/ ALFONSO X., 

King of -Castile ; A bbess. 

23,098. [a.D. 1313.] Self-coloured, opaque : fine, but only 
the upper half remains. About 3x2 in. when perfect. App. 
by a tape or coarse ribbon of coloured thread. [Add. ch. 
24,806.] 

j3. Pointed oval : a representation of the Abbess, full- face, 
standing, veiled. 

^ SIGILLV DG : LAS : OLGAS. 

R. A plain cross. Within a bordure or orle, composed of 
(eight?) small vesica-shaped compartments, containing alter- 
nately a lion rampant for Leon, and a triple-towered castle 
for Castile. 

fi! FILie : DNI : AL . . ARBIIS {Algarbiis). 



LEON, 

Franciscus VicturiuS, Commendator Abbot. 

23,099. [i6th cent.] Recent impression in red sealing- 
wa.x, from the brass matrix in the Dept. of British and 
Mediaeval Antiquities. 2i x 2 in. [c.xxiv. 115.] 

Pointed oval : a Sainted Abbot or Bishop, with nimbus, 
jewelled mitre and vestments, seated on a carved throne ; in 
the r. h. a crozier, the curve turned inwards, in the 1. h. a 
book. Overhead the bust of Our Lord with cruciferous 
nimbus, issuing from clouds and a galaxy of stars. Back- 
ground and lower panels of the throne replenished with wavy 
sprigs of arabesque foliage. In base a pip-shaped shield of 
arms : two pales. Ensigned with an ecclesiastic's hat. 

S FRANCISCI • VICTVRIl • COMMeND • ABB ■ LGONGNSIS. 
Beaded borders. 
Perhaps Italian. 



SPAIN :^MONASTIC SEALS. 643 

SAN-MILL AN, Abbey, in Old Castile or Leon. 

Henri de Lorraine, Abbot, a.d. 1607. 

{Natiiral son of HENRI, Duke of Lon-ai)ie and Bar.) 

23,100. Red : chipped, very imperfect. About 21 X 2\ in. 
[xlviii. 46.] 

0. Oval : [on a crozier] of which only the strings are left, 
a shield of arms : quarterly ; I. HUNGARY (Ancient) ; 2. 
sem^ de lis, a label of three points for difference, Naples ; 
3. Jerusalem ; 4. Aragon ; 5. Anjou ; 6. Gueldres ; 7. 
Juliers ; 8. Bar. Over all a small escutcheon charged with 
the arms of Lorraine. All debruised by a bdton sinister of 
bastardy. 

CHEINRICVS ■ A • LOTHARINCGIA •] ABBAS • 
SCAMMnELANVS 160[7.] 

R. A smaller oval counterseal. i-;^ X i-nr '"• On a crozier 
garnished with strings or ribbons, a shield of arms as described 

in the obv. 

© HENRICVS • A • LOTHARINGIA • ABBAS • 
SAMMIELANVS-1607. 

Carved borders of foliage. 

Anderson, Geneal. Tab., p. 608. 



2 r 2 



LOCAL SEALS. 



CORDOVA, iti Afidahtcia. 
Seal of tlie Town. 

23,101. [a.d. 1493.] Sulph. casts from a good impression. 
3i in. [cxxxv. 15, 16.] 

0. A shield of arms : a lion rampant, crowned, within a 
bordure compony charged with nine castles, for Castile, and 
as many lions rampant, for Leon, alternately disposed, 

COR DO VA. 
Beaded borders. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,325 ; with rev. of next seal, No. 23,102, wrongly 
attributed to Cordova. 



PUENTERRAPIA, or FONTE ARRABIA, 

in the Vascongadas. 

Common Seal of tlie Town. 

23,102. [a.d. 1335] Sulph. cast from a good but imper- 
fect impression. Perhaps thirteenth century workmanship. 
3 in. [cxxxv. 19.] 

On waves a boat containing four mariners, engaged in 
harpooning a whale. 

^ SIGILL' -9 FOHT€ ARRABIA. 

R. A triple-towered castle of Castile, elaborately detailed 
masoned and embattled, with enceinte and portal. 

* FRAMGE L6[G6] TeGE. 
Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,326. 



SAN SEBASTIAN, in the Vascongadas. 

Seal of the Town Council. 

23,103. [a.d. 1335.] Sulph. casts from a good impression. 
3 in. Thirteenth century matrix, [cxxxv. 17, 18.] 



SPAIN : — LOCAL SEALS. 645 

0. On waves, a ship with one mast, flying (a small flag ? 
and) pennon, mainmast with sail being furled by two sailors 
at the ends, shrouds, turned-up poop and prow, embattled 
sterncastle, on which is a flag with three streamers ; a mariner 
steering with a rudder at the side ; another mariner at the 
fore end hauling a rope, another hanging out over the prow. 

SIGILLVM : CONCILIl I De I SATO ; SeBASTlANO x 

B. An elaborate design of a castle, with four round towers, 
and a donjon, or keep, of square plan, masoned and em- 
battled ; round-headed portal with folding doors. 

e= ; INTRAVIT : DOMINVS I l€SVS = IN i CASTGLLVM i 

— Cf. Luc. X. 38. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,333. 

SEVILLE, in Audaliicia. 
Seal of the City. 

23,104. [a.D. 1493.] Sulph. cast from a chipped, some- 
what indistinct impiession. 3 in. Fourteenth century matrix. 
[cxxxv. 20.] 

Representation of a King, full-face, with long hair, with 
royal robes, the mantle fastened on the breast with a sixfoil 
fermail, crown, sword, and orb or mound, surmounted by a 
cross, seated on a throne in a niche, ornamented with carved 
trefoil canopy of ecclesiastical architecture, pinnacled, 
crocketed and enriched with circular windows ; the King's 
feet on a projecting corbel. At each side, in a lateral niche, 
on bracket, with pentice or canopy, a bishop, with mitre, 
robes, and crozier or pastoral staff. 

S' : CONCILIl : N0BILISIM6 CIUITATIS i SPALCNSIS : « 

D'Arcq, No. 11,335. 

THE JEWISH CONGREGATION OF SEVILLE. 

See further on in this Volume under Jewish Seals. 



STAROVI, Seal of the Council. 
See uTider Aragon, No. 23,121. 



VALENCIA. 

Seal of t}ie City. 

23,105. [a.D. 1493.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
2| in. [cxxxv. 21.] 



646 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

A iozenge-shaped shield of arms : five pales. Ensigned 
with an open jewelled crown of three trefoiled leaves alter- 
nately disposed with two smaller fleurs-de-lis. Background 
replenished with wavy sprigs of foliage. Within a quatrefoil 
panel or quadrilobe. 

«= SIGILLVM © INSIGNIS © CIVITATIS ^ VAL6NC16. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,339. 



EQUESTRIAN SEAL. 



RAIMOND FULCO, Vicomte of Cardona, in Cataluna, 

Lieutenant of the King of A r agon. 

23,106. [a.D. 129S.] Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from a good 
impression. 1-5-in. [cxxix. 364.] 

To the 1. In armour, with hauberk, conical helmet, sword, 
scabbard, spur, and shield of arms, riding on a horse armorially 
caparisoned, springing to the 1. The armorial bearings of the 
shield and caparisons are : three thistles (cardones) in a bunch, 
slipped and leaved, for Cardona. Above the horse's head 
an estoile. 

Si : S' : RAYMVNDI : FVLCONIS : DGI : GRA : VICGCOMITIS : 
CARDONe : SS : 
D'Arcq, No. 11,304. 



HERALDrC SEALS. 



Fernando, Infante of Spain, son and heir of the 
King of Castile and Leon. 

23,107. [a.d. 1270.] Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from a good 
impression, i-i-in. [cxxix. 700.] 

A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, 4. Castile, 2, 3. Leon. 
Background diapered lozengy very lightly. 

fis S' : TFATIS : ILLVST'S : RGG : CASTLL' ; Z : L€G : 7 
VADAL'CO : FILII : Z : HeD'. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,279. 



Ferdinand I., Infante of Spain, ob. A.D. 1564. 

See Ferdinand I., King of the Romans, etc. 
Nos. 21,227, 21,229-21,231, 21,233, 21,234, pp. 51-55. 



Fernando Alvares de Toledo, Duke of Alva, 

Marquis of Coria, etc., Lieutenatit, Governor, and 

Captain-General '■'pour le Roy en ses pays de pardeca," 

[i.e. the Nctherlands\ 

23,108. [a.d. 1573.] Red: imperfect, very indistinct, in a 
parchment purse. About 3^ in. when perfect. [Add. ch. 
9203.] 

A shield of arms : chequy of fifteen pieces, blazoned by 
foreign heralds as "huit points d'azur 6quipolles h. sept 
d'argent," ALVAREZ DE TOLEDO. Ensigned with a ducal 
coronet. Encircled with the Collar of the Order of the 
Golden Fleece. 

Legend obliterated : — 

AV . . I/E. 



SPAIN : — HERALDIC SEALS. 649 

Michaell de Croy, Lord of Sempy, and of 

Parwez, Knt. of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Chamberlain 

of Flanders, " Counciliarius, et Ambassiator, Legatus, 

Orator, Procurator et Comniissaruts Serenissbni, 

excellentissimi, et potentissimi Philippi, Dei gratia, Regis 

C as telle Legion is," etc. 

23,109. [a.D. 1505.] Red: a fragment. [Cott. ch. ix. 3.] 
A shield of arms : quarterly ; i, [4.] three bars, 2, [3.] three 
doloires, two and one, those in chief adossees, Croy. Crest, 
on a helmet, broken off. Supporters, dex. a lion, sin. 
broken off. 



Thomas Isaak, " Thoison D'or" King at Arms, 
Councillor and Ambassador of PHILIP I., King of Castile, 

Leon, etc., " Rex armorum, Primariiis Consiliarius et 

Ambassiator, Legatus, Orator, Procurator, et Commissaritis 

Serenissimi, excellentissimi, et potentissimi Principis PuiLlPPI, 

Dei gratia. Regis Castelle Legionis," etc. 

23.110. [a.D. 1505.] Red: indistinct, the upper part 
chipped. 14- in. [Cott. ch. ix. 3.] 

A shield of arms : an uncertain charge, within an orle of 
bells. Crest, on a helmet and ornamental mantling of foliage, 
broken off, within an orle of bells, and betw. two wings erect. 

Beaded border. 

23.111. Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from the original seal 
described in No. 23,110. [D.C.H. 85.] 



Ferand Ivanes, or Juanes, de Valverde. 

23,112. [a.D. 1276.] Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from a good 
impression. \\ in. [cxxix. 410.] 

A shield of arms : emancht' of four points. Within a 
quatrefoil or quadrilobe border charged with the legend : — 
© S' • FeRAND • IVAN6S • 06 • VALVeRD€. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,319. 



KINGDOM OF ARAGON. 



KINGDOM OF ARAGON. 



JAMES, King of Aragon, the Majorcas, 

and Valencia; Count of Barcelona, and Urgel ; 

and Lord of Montpellier. 

Leaden Bulla. 

23.113. [a.d. 1242.] Leaden. Detached from the charter 
to which it belongs. i| in. [Add. ch. 16,515.] 

0. The King, with crown and royal robes, sword in the r. h., 
laid horizontally across the knees, in the 1. h. lifting up an 
orb or mound surmounted with a cross. He is seated, full- 
face, on a cushioned throne with turned legs. The feet rest 
on a projecting footboard or dais. 

es • S' • lA ■ REG • ARAG • Z MAIORICARVM • Z VALNCIE. 
R. The King, as Count, in armour with hauberk, surcoat, 
crown, banner-flag on a long lance, spur, stirrup, and shield of 
arms : riding on a caparisoned horse, with poytrail orna- 
mented with little ball-pendants or bells, springing to the 1. 
The armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons are : three 
pales, or paly, for Aragon. 

e= COMITIS • BARCH • Z VRGLLI ■ Z DONI • MOTISPLI. 
Beaded borders. 

Cf. D'Arcq, No. 11,224, called third Seal, from an original impression 
appended to a document dated A.D. 1258. 

23.114. Copper electrotypes from the obv. and retK of 
No. 23,113. [cxiv. 171, 172.] 



Great Seal. 

23,115. [a.d. 1262.] Sulph. cast from a good impression. 
4 in. [cxxix. 19.] 

R. The King, as Count of Barcelona, in armour with sur- 
coat, flat-topped helmet, banner flag on a long lance, and 
shield of arms ; riding on a caparisoned horse springing to the 
1. The armorial bearings of the shield and caparisons arc : 



654 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



four pales, or paly, for AragON. Over the shield an estoile of 
eight points. 

COMITIS ; BARCHI ; GT : . . . GGLLl ; 6T ; DN 
MONTIS : PGSSVL'. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,225, where this type is called Fourth Seal, with 
description of the obv. "Type de majestd": ^ S' lAGOBI • DGI • 
GRA ■ RGG • ARAGON . . T • MAIORIGAR • €T • VALCNCie. 



PEDRO W., King of Aragon, Valencia, 

the Majorcas, Sardinia, and Corsica ; Coimt of Barcelona, 

Rotissillon and Cerdaha, or Ceritania. 

Leaden Bulla. 

23.116. [a.D. 1 336-1 387.] Leaden : good. Originally app. 
to a deed by crimson and yellow threads. 2\ in. [xxxix. 84.] 

0. The King, with crown and royal robes, long hair, in the 
r. h. a sceptre, in the 1. h. an orb or mound topped with a 
double or patriarchal crown ; full-face, seated on an elabor- 
ately carved throne, with pointed arch and open tabernacle 
work at the sides, pinnacled and crocketed. Back of the throne 
diapered lozengy with a small flower in each interstitial space ; 
the feet projecting over the string-course below the panelling, 
which is ornamented with flowers. 

ei PGT I R5 : DGI : GRA RGX ■. ARAGON UALNG 
MAIORIG ; SARDIN. 

B. A shield of arms : a cross, hatched, betw. four blacka- 
moors' heads couped at the neck, for Kingdom of Sardinl\, 
and Aragon (Ancient), as borne by Pedro I., King of 
Aragon, in memory of the battle of Huesca, in A.D. 1096. Cf 
Add. MS. 31,962, fol. 61. 

© CORSIGG ; GOMGSO ! BARGHN .■ ROSSILION ■ 6T : GGRITAN. 

The last letters AN are united as a monogram. 

Beaded borders. 

23.117. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,116. [cxiv. 191,192.] 



Great Seal. 



23,118. [a.D. 1358.] Red : fine but very imperfect, the r. h. 
side broken off. App. by a finely woven ribbon of crimson 
and yellow silk. 4^^ in. [Add. ch. 16,524.] 

0. The King, with crown, and royal robes, in the r. h. a 

sceptre flory, in the 1. h. an orb or mound, his feet resting on 

. two lions couchant guardant addosscs ; seated on a carved 

throne of large dimensions, very elaborately designed, and the 



KINGDOM OF ARAGON. 655 

details of niches on side brackets, pinnacles and crocketings 
minutely executed. In the side niches three pairs of draped 
figures, at different elevations, the two upper pairs half-length, 
the lower pair full-length ; on the summit of the middle of the 
three side niches a small bird is perched. The design on the 
r. h. or sinister side apparently similar to that on the dexter. 

DtlLIGITe : lUSTITlAM : QUI : lUDICATIS :] TGRRAM : 6T : 
OCULI : U6STRI : UIDGANT : GQUITATeM. — Cf. Psalm, xvi. 2. 

R. The King in armour with hauberk of mail, flowing 
surcoat, helmet crowned and crested with a dragon's head and 
wings, sword, spurs and shield of arms, riding on a horse 
armorially caparisoned, springing to the 1. The armorial 
bearings of the shield and caparisons are : four pales, for 
Aragon. Above the head of the horse an estoile of six 
points. Background replenished with wavy sprigs of arabesque 
foliage. 

P6TR9 : D6I : GRA : RGX : ARAGON : VALNC : MAIOR.IG : 
SARDIN : 6T ■ CORSICG : C DAN. 

D'Arcq, No. 11,230, from an impression attached to a deed dated 
A.D. 1353. 



The "Sig'illmn pendens." 

23,119. [a.D. 1386.] Red : imperfect, indistinct. App. by 
a ribbon woven of crimson and yellow silk. About 4 in. when 
perfect. [Add. ch. 16,526.] 

0. Resembles the obv. of the great seal described in 
No. 23,118, but without lions under the king's feet. At the 
sides, instead, two kneeling angels. 

BARCHN • ROSSILIOIS .... 

R. A small round counterseal. i^ in. diam. A shield of 
arms : four pales, Aragon. Ensigned with a crown of three 
fleurs-de-lis betw. two small leaves in sight. Background 
diapered lozengj'. 

* ^* For other sovereigns of Aragon, see under SPAIN : 
Castile and Leon. 



REGENTS OF THE OFFICE OR 
COURT OF JUSTICE. 

23,120. [17th -18th cent.] Plaster cast from a matrix. 
2| in. [cxxxvii. 66.] 

A shield of arms: eight quarterings, two, two, and four; 
I. A castle on a mount, betw. on the cicx. two human hearts 



656 CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 



in pale, in si7i. chief an estoile of six points, 2. quarterly ; 1. 
uncertain, ii. a trefoiled branch, iii. a castle, iv. an estoile of 
six points ; 3. quarterly ; i. iv. five bezants, two, two and one, 
for Tuscany, ii. iii. a castle, 4. an orb or mound, sur- 
mounted with a patriarchal cross ; 5, 7, similar but uncertain, 
6, 8. a saltire betw. uncertain charges ; probably 5, 6, 7, 8, are 
intended to represent one quarter quarterly. Crest, on a 
helmet with ornamental mantling of arabesque foliage (which 
replenishes the field of the seal at the top and sides of the 
shield) a plume of five ostrich feathers. 
* SIGILLVM • REGENTIVM • OFFICIVM • IVSTITI/E • ARAGONVM. 
Beaded borders. 



RAIMOND FULCO, Lieutenant of the King of A r agon. 
A.D. 1298. See No. 23,106. 



STAR O VI, town in A r agon (?) 
Seal of tfie Town Council. 

23,121. [14th cent.] Plaster cast from a sealing-wax im- 
pression. 2 in. [cxxxvii. 71.] 

A shield of arms : three pales, for AragoN, within a faintly- 
cut trefoil panel, enclosed in a circle, from which spring six 
pointed, alternating with as many rounded, leaves or petals, 
e?i soleil. All within a sixfoil panel, charged with a triple- 
towered castle in each lobe, and having a countersunk quatre- 
foil opening in each spandril. Apparently Aragonese art- 
workmanship. 

© SIGILLVM S DeL » C0NG6L0 3 D g STAROVI <> 
Beaded borders. 



KINGDOM OF MAJORCA, 
OR THE MAJORCAS. 



VOL. VI. 



2 U 



KINGDOM OF MAJORCA. 



JAMES \., King of tJie Majorcas, Cojint of Ronssillon and 
Ceritania, and Lord of Montpellier. A.D. 1263-1311. 

Leaden Bulla. 

23.122. Leaden : indistinct. Originally app. to a docu- 
ment by a coloured cord. About i^ in. [xxxviii. 143.] 

0. The King, full-face, crowned and with royal robes, in the 
r. h. a sword lying horizontally across the knees, in the 1. h. he 
is lifting up an orb or mound surmounted with a cross pattie. 
Seated on a cushioned throne, feet on a projecting footboard. 

© S' : lACOBI : D€l : GRACIA : ReGIS : MAIORICARVM. 
B. The King, as Count, in armour, with crown, small flag on 
a long lance, and shield of arms, riding on a horse armorially 
caparisoned, springing to the 1. The armorial bearings of 
the shield and caparisons are : four pales, AragON. 

fi> COMITIS : ROSSIL' : 2 : C€RITANie : 7 : DNI : MONTPL'I. 

Beaded borders. 

23.123. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rev. of 
No. 23,122. [cxiv. 125, 126.] 



Another type. 

23.124. Leaden : injured, indistinct, [xxxviii. 144.] 
Similar to the foregoing, but from a different matrix. 

0. © S' : lACOBI : 061 : GRACIA : RGGIS : MAIORICARVM. 
R. * COMITIS : ROSSIL' : 7 : C6RITANie : 7 : DRI : MONTPL'I. 

23.125. Copper electrotypes of the obv. and rez'. of 
No. 23,124. [cxiv. 127, 128.] 



Second Seal. 



23,126. [a.h. 1303.] Sulph. cast, tinted grey, from a good 
impression. 2~- in. [cxx.xii. 71.] 

2 U 2 



66o CATALOGUE OF SEALS. 

To the r., in armour, with hauberk, surcoat, crowned helmet, 
sword, and shield of arms, riding on a horse, armorially 
caparisoned, springing to the r. The armorial bearings of the 
shield and caparisons are : Aragon. The shield appears to 
have but three pales, but the caparisons, four. 

lACOBVS 1 D6I : GRACIA : R6X ■ MAIORICARVM : 
Beaded borders. 
D'Arcq, No. 11,338. 



*,* For otJier kings of the Majorcas, see KINGS OF Aragon, 
Nos, 2.3,113-23,119. 



KINGDOM OF NAVARRE. 



KINGDOM OF NAVARRE. 



LOUIS OF FRANCE, Eldest son of KingYwiXAV^^ IV. ; 

King of Navarre, Count Palatine of Champagne and Brie. 

{Afterivards, 1315, croivned King of France, as LOUIS X.) 

23,127. [? A.D. 1314.] Sulph. cast from the rev. of a good 
impression. 34- in. [cxxix. 356.] 

The King, riding to the r., in armour, with hauberk of mail, 
surcoat, chained sword