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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



3 1262 08482 9695 




NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION 



CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION 

FOR THE 

SPAT MANUFACTURING 
INDUSTRY 

AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 22, 1933 



REGISTRY No. 216—08 



The Code for the Spat Manufacturing Industry 

in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned 

industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are 

to be regarded as having received the approval of 

the National Recovery Administration 

as applying to this industry 






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WE DO OUR PART 






UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1933 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. -------- Price 5 cents 



CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SPAT 
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY 

Article I — Purposes 

Section 1. To cooperate with the President of the United States 
in effectuating the Policy of Title I of the National Industrial Re- 
covery Act, the following provisions are submitted as a code of Fair 
Competition for the Industry. 

Sec. 2. This code is not designed to promote or permit monopolies, 
or monopolistic practices, eliminate or oppress small enterprises, 
or operate to discriminate against them, and shall tend to effectuate 
the policy of the National Industrial Recovery Act. 

Article II — Administration 

Section 1. The National Spat Manufacturers Association being 
organized will be a truly representative group of the Industry and 
shall be the Cooperative Body for said Industry to assist in estab- 
lishing regulations, and administering this Code, subject to the ap- 
proval, and with the Cooperation of the President of the United 
States or such Agencies as he may establish. 

Sec. 2. The National Spat Manufacturers Association imposes no 
inequitable restrictions on admission to membership therein. 

Article III — Conditions 

Section 1. That employees shall have Ihe right to organize and 
bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, 
and shall be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of 
employers of labor, or their agents, in the designation of such repre- 
sentatives or in self organization or in other concerted activities for 
the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or 
protection. 

Sec. 2. That no employee and no one seeking emplojmient shall be 
required as a condition of employment to join any company union or 
to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization 
of his own choosing. 

Sec. 3. That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of 
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, 
approved or prescribed by the President of the United States. 

Sec. 4. The foregoing paragraph of this article shall not impair 
the constitutional rights of the employee and employer to bargain 
individually or collectively as may be mutually satisfactory to them, 
or to operate an open shop. 

Sec. 5. Nothing in this Code shall be construed to require an em- 
ployer to negotiate with a representative of employees who is not 
truly representative of the whole body of said employees. 

8656—33 (1) 



Article IV — Hours and Rates of Pay 

Section 1. The maximum hours of labor, excepting outside sales- 
men, watchmen, repairmen, engineers, firemen, cleaners, shipping 
office, and supervisory staffs, shall be two thousand and eighty hours 
per year on the basis of 40 hours per week : Provided, That during 
seasonal peaks of demand, labor may be emploj'ed not to exceed 
fifty- four hours per week, in not more than twelve weeks of any year. 

In case of accident or emergency, or to avoid shortage of work or 
interruption of employment to the bulk of employees, labor may be 
employed on special processes for a greater number of hours if less 
than 5 percent of the total number of employees is involved. 

Sec. 2. Minimum wages of labor shall be on an hourly basis at 
the following rates per week of forty hours, and time employed shall 
be computed on this basis. 

In municipalities of population at latest Federal Census of 250,000 
and more, unskilled females $12, and unskilled males $14. 

In municipalities of population of more than 10,000 and under 
250,000, unskilled females $11, and unskilled males $13. 

Provided however, that for apprentices of one month or less, the 
minimum rate of pay may be 25% less than the foregoing rates, and 
that employers and employees may make mutually satisfactory wage 
agreements covering the employment of the infirm, partially dis- 
abled, or physically handicapped employees, if such employees do 
not constitute more than five (5%) percent of the total number of 
employees. 

Sec. 3. The foregoing minimum wage rates are not a discrimination 
by reason of sex; but because of the difference in the work of the 
Industry. When women do the same kind and amount of work they 
shall receive the same rates of wages. 

Sec. 4. Wherever wage is paid on piece work basis, the amount 
to be paid to employee for such work on an hourly basis shall be not 
less than at the rate of the minimum weekly rates for forty hours 
provided in Section 2 of this article. 

Sec. 5. Employers in the Industry shall not knowingly employ any 
minor under the age of sixteen years. 

Article V — Reports and Keeping of Accounts 

Section 1. The cooperative Body for the Industry in authorized to 
require manufacturers to submit such reports as it shall consider 
necessary to effectuate and safeguard this code, and shall make such 
reports, and keep such accounts, as the President of the United 
States in his discretion deems necessary, as provided in the National 
Industrial Recovery Act. Failure on the part of any manufacturer 
in the Industry promptly to supply such information as required 
under this article shall be in violation of this code. 

Sec. 2. The cooperative body is authorized to investigate and in- 
form the Administrator on behalf of the Industry regarding impor- 
tation of competitive articles into the United States and to act as 
an agency for making reports to the President on behalf of the 
Industry, under the provisions of the National Industrial Recovery 
Act. 



Article VI — Trade Regulations 

Section 1. Misbranding and Misleading advertising: a. Mis- 
branding of products, including use of names of manufacturers, 
wholesalers, or retailers in or on products or cartons not made by 
them or for them is unfair and in violation of this code. 

b. Advertising of such character as to mislead, with respect to 
value, quality, or manufacturer, or construction of products, is un- 
fair and in violation of this Code. 

c. The imitation, simulation, or use of trade marks, slogans, or 
other marks of identification having tendency and capacity to mis- 
lead or deceive purchasers is unfair and in violation of this code. 

d. Contributions by manufacturers of all or part of the cost of 
customer's advertising, where the manufacturer's name or trade mark 
does not appear in such advertising, is in violation of this Code. 

Sec. 2. Selling Below Cost and Cost Accounting: The practice 
of selling below cost is detrimental to the industry ; and each manu- 
facturer shall submit upon request a statement from a certified public 
accountant recognized by the Cooperative Body for the Industry 
as qualified, to the effect that such manufacturer has a proper cost- 
accounting system, which statement, however, may not be accepted 
as final by the Cooperative Body, either as to Cost Accounting or 
as to Selling Below Cost. 

Sec. 3. Maximum Trade Terms for Domestic Business: a. Selling 
wholesalers, department stores, retailers, and others in the trade, on 
a net basis or with cash discounts is permissable, but in no case 
shall a discount in excess of two percent ten days E.O.M. be allowed 
for payment of bills within thirty days. Fifteen clays additional 
to be allowed "West of the Rocky Mountains. 

b. At the expiration of 30 days, no cash discounts shall be allowed. 

c. Such terms shall not be subverted or evaded directly or in- 
directly through allowances, trade discounts, or rebates of any 
kind. 

Article VII — Changes and Modifications 

This Code, or any of its provisions, is subject to change and modi- 
fication by the Board of Directors of the Cooperative Body and 
may be amplified by the Addition of other provisions, with the 
approval of the President of the United States, and the President 
of the United States may from time to time cancel or modify any 
order, approval, license, rules or regulations, issued hereunder or 
under the National Industrial Recovery Act. 

Article VIII — Date Effective 

This code shall be and become effective immediately upon the 
expiration of ten days after approval by the President of the 
United States; and shall terminate upon termination of Title I 
of the National Industrial Recovery Act. 



4 
Article IX — Separability Clause 

If any provisions of this Code, or its application, is held invalid 
or unenforceable, the remaining provisions of the Code and their 
application shall not be affected thereby. 

National Spat Mfg. Assn.. 
By Norman F. Canty, 
1403 W. Congress St., Chicago, III 

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