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COLLECTIONS 



FOR A 



HISTORY 



OF 



EDITED BY 



m. ^alt ^rch^talagical ^aci 



VOL. II. 



1881. 



BIRMINGHAM : 
HOUGHTON AND CO., SCOTLAND PASSAGE. 



ialt Jlrch&alogical 



GENERAL MEETING, 13TH OCTOBER, 1881. 



AT the General Meeting held at the William Salt Library, 
Stafford, on the 13th October, 1881, the Right Honorable The 
Lord Lieutenant, in the chair ; the following resolutions were 
proposed and unanimously adopted : 

" That this Meeting desires to place upon record the regret with 
which they have received the intelligence of the death of the 
Rev. R. W. Eyton, and their profound sense of the great loss 
which the Society has sustained, in being deprived of the 
assistance and counsel of so eminent an antiquary." 

The following report of the Editorial Committee was read to 
the Meeting by Major-General Wrottesley : 

The Committee, in continuation of their former statement of 
December, 1880, have to report that the first volume of the 
Collections for a History of Staffordshire was completed, and 
issued to the subscribers in the early part of this year the 

printing of Vol. II. is well advanced, and it is expected that it 
will be in the hands of tae subscribers before the end of the 
current year. Its contents will consist of the Pipe Rolls of 
Richard L and King John, edited by the lato Rev. R. W. 
Eyton, and about thirty early Staffordshire Charters, which 
have been annotated by the same author. These comprise 
Part I. of the second volume. It has been deemed advisable 
to divide the new volume and those which follow, into two 
parts, to be bound up together, but with a distinct pagination 
and with separate Indexes the first part to consist of the 
early Records, which will be printed as nearly as possible in 
chronological order, and the second part to comprise miscel- 
laneous papers of a date subsequent to the feudal era, which 
may be said to terminate with the accession of the Tudor 
sovereigns. This arrangement will give much greater flexibility 
aud scope to the contents of each volume, will probably attract 
a larger number of contributors, and be more acceptable to tho 
general reader. 



Part II. of Volume II. will contain 

1. The names of the Gentry of Staffordshire who made 

composition for not receiving the order of Knighthood, in 
the sixth and seventh years of Charles I., and the amount 
of their fines, edited by Mr. H. S. Grazehrook. 

2. A copy of the Arms taken at the visitation of the County 

of Stafford, made in the years 1663 and 1664, by William 
Dugdale, Esq., Norroy King of Arms, and a list of those 
who disclaimed" at the same date. This paper is .likewise 
edited by Mr. Grazebrook. 

3. The concluding portion of the History of the Parish of 

Blymhill, by the Rev. and Hon. George Bridgeman. 

It is proposed in Volume IIL to complete the records of the reigns 
of Eichard L and John, by printing the Piea Rolls and Final 
Concords of those reigns, and to continue the series of 
Staffordshire Charters. It is not considered advisable at 
present to print the Pipe Rolls of later date than the reign of 
King John, as with the accession of Henry IIL, records of 
more value for local history become available. 

The Editorial Committee cannot conclude their report without 
alluding to the loss the Society has sustained, by the death of 
the Rev. R. W. Eyton. It hardly lies within their province to 
pass an eulogy upon one, who occupied so distinguished a 
position as an antiquarian writer, but they wish to bear 
testimony to the irreparable loss caused by his death, so far as 
the proceedings of this Society are concerned. It will always, 
however, bo a subject of congratulation, that the William Salt 
Archaeological Society has been the means of laying before a 
large circle of readers, the latest fruit of an extent of antiquarian 
research to which few men have attained, and which will 
probably be unexampled for many generations to come. 

It was announced to the Meeting, that the Council proposed 
to offer to the Hon. and Rev. George Bridgeman, the seat on the 
Editorial Committee vacated by the death of the Eev. R. W. Eytou. 



Contents. 



PART I. 

PAGE. 
The Staffordshire Pipe Rolls, of the reigns of King 

Richard I. and King John, A.D. 1189 to A.D. 1216. 
The Latin Text extended, and notes added. By the 
Eevd> E. W. Eyton. . . . 1177 

The Staffordshire Chartulary, Series I. of Ancient 
Deeds. Annotated ly the Eevd. E. W. Eyton. 178 276 

PART II. 

Obligatory Knighthood, temp.. Charles I, with the names 
of those Staffordshire gentlemen who compounded 
with the Commissioners, for not taking upon them- 
selves the order of Knighthood at the coronation of 
that King. Extracted from the Originals in tJie 
Public Eecord Office, by Henry Sydney Graze- 
brook, Esq. ..... 322 

A Copy of the Arms taken in the Visitation of the co. 
of Stafford, in the years 1663 and 1664, by William 
Dugdale, Esq., Norroy King of Arms ; also 
the names of those who disclaimed at the same 
date. Transcribed from the Lansdowne MS., 857, and 
annotated by Henry Sydney Grazebrook, Esq. . 23 65 

The History of the Parish of Blymhill (continued from 
Vol. I. and completed). ' By the Honourable and 
Reverend George Bridgeman. . . 69147 



ERRATA, ADDENDA, AND CORRIGENDA. 



Pages 17 to 25, head line for Richard II. read Richard I. 

Page 25, Line from top 10, for Molindiui read Molindini 
30, 26, /or Gaide read Gaiolse 

32, 28, for Sed. read Sed 

39, head line for 5 Richard read 6 Richard 
47, Line from top I, for solidis read solidos 



47, 
47, 
57, 
71, 
96, 
120, 

164, 
178, 
185, 
204, 
223, 
224, 
228, 
233, 
236, 

245, 
264 



20, for Hugo Bardulf read Hugo Bardulf, 

20, for pro eo read pro eo, 
25, for et xxv. read et xxxv. 
32, for quandiun read quandiu 

21, for Vicecomes read Vicecomes. 

24, for Verdun ii. marc read Verdun ii. 
marc 

19, for the read a 

5, for 408 read 1408 

20, for perist read persist 

10, for Vitellius read Vespasian 
23, for Comtec read Cerate* 
5, for Idonca read Idonea 
46, for Bagot read Bigot 

21, for Harleian read Cottonian 

22, for Harleian Charters xiii. 14 read 

Cottonian Charter xiii. 6. No. 14 
15 and 17, for "on Dunsmore" read 

near Penkridge 
38, for Constance read Rouen 



MAGNUS EOTULUS PIP.E 

DE ANNO 

SECUNDO EEGIS RICARDI PRIMI (1189-90), 
STAFFORDSCIRA. 






Tomas de Cressewella reddit compotum de dimidio anno. In 
thesauro xxxix.li. blanc. 

Et in liberationibus constitutis iii.s. et iiii.d. numero de dimidio 
anno Canonicis de Laentoni. 

Et in terris datis quse infra annotantur viii.li. et vi.d. blanc. de 
dimidio anno. 

Et in Trentham xv.li. blanc. de dimidio anno de quibus idem 
Tomas reddit compotum infra. 

Et in operatione Breteschiae et Pontis et Palitii Castelli super 
Limam xxv.s et ii.d.-per breve Regis. 

Et item in terris datis et liberationibus constitutis in Manerio de 
Trentham viii.li. et vii.s. et iiii.d et obolum de dimidio anno, numero. 

Et in custodia Castelli de Tamewurda vi.li. per breve Regis. 

Et debet vii.li. et xix.s. et v.d.- blanc. Idem reddit compotum de 
eodem debito In thesauro liberavit et quietus est. 

Hugo Bardulf reddit compotum de firma ejusdem coinitatus de 
dimidio anno. In thesauro xiiii.s. et vi.d. blanc. Et in elemosinis 
constituti Militibus de Templo i. marc, de anno integro. 

Et in liberationibus constitutis Canonicis de Laentoni iii.s. et iiii.d. 
de dimidio anno ad custodiam Domorum Regis de Cnot. 

Et in terris datis Monachis de Bordeslega c.s. blanc. in Terdebigga 
4e dimidio anno. 

Et Willelmo de Herovilla xxx.s. blanc. in Wodnesberia de dimidio 

anno. 



Et Hugoni Cov.entrensi Episcopo xxx.s. et vi.d. blanc in Cnot et 
in Ruggelega de dimidio anno. 

Et in liberationibus servientium qui retenti fuerunt ad Utlagatos 
capiendos per diversa loca xxx.li. et xii.s. et ii.d. per breve Regis. 

Et in operatione et reparatione Novi Castelli xvii.li. xviii.s. et 



iii.d. per breve Regis et per Visum Gilberti prepositi et Buerni. 



2 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Et ad custodiam Castellorum Novi Castri et Tamewurde xxv.li. 
de dimidio anno per breve Regis. 

Et item in terris datis de Trentham Militibus de Templo xxi.s. 
et ix.d. et obolum blanc. de dimidio anno in Kiel. Et Johanni 
Capellano l.s. Et item in liberationibus constitutis x. servientibus 
iiii.li. et xi.s. et iii.d. de dimidio anno. Et in pastura quam Eex 
concessit Johanni Extraneo iiiis. et iiii.d. de dimidio anno. Et 
quietus est. 

Idem Vicecomes reddit compotum de xxxiiis. et iiii.d. de firma de 
Brom. Et de i. marc, de firma.de Eoelega. In thesauro nihil. Et 
in operatione septem Breteschiarum et emendatione Pontis Novi 
Castri xxxiii.s. et iiii.d. per manum Tomae de Cressewella per breve 
Regis. Et in operatione prsedicta xxiii.s. et iiii.d. per idem breve et 
per Hugonem Bardulf. Et quietus est. 

Idem Vicecomes reddit compotum de Ix.s. de Cremento Novi Fori 
de Trentham. 

Et de xxi.d. de dorno Walteri Prepositi in Cymiterio de Stafford. 
In thesauro nihil. 

Et pro fossato prsedicti Castri emendando et Domibus et Palitio 
reparandis lxi.s. et ix.d. per idem breve. Scilicet per Hugonem 
Bardulf xxxi.s. et ix.d. et xxx.s. per Tomam (de Cressewella). Et 
quietus est. 

Idem Vicecomes reddit compotum de iii.s. de Exitu molendini de 
Cradelea. In praedicta operatione iii.s. per praedictum breve. Et 
quietus est. 

Idem Vicecomes. (sic). 

Robertus de Broc reddit compotum de vi.li. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. de 
censu forestse de Cnot. In dono per breve Regis ipsi Roberto vi.li. 
et i. marc, ad retinendos servientes in servitio Regis in foresta de 
Cnot. Et quietus est. 

Willielmus films Widonis debet ii. dextrarios de misericordia 
Regis pro Foresta. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xxi.s. de Wastis et Essartis et Propresturis 
et Placitis Forestse de Staffordscira per Tomam filium Bernardi. 

^Ernaldus Presbyter debet i. marc, pro stulto dicto. 

Ricardus miles, Forestarius, debet dimid marc, pro defaM. 

Robertus de Belmes debet dimidiam marcam pro Bosco vendito 
in Foresta. 

Alina de Durlavestona debet ii. marc, pro recto in Curia Regis 
de terra de Olhea versus Walterum de Chavereswella. 



I 



ROLL OF 2 RICHAED I. (1189-1190.) 

Willielmus de Sanford debet i. marc, pro recto de v. marc, versus 
Eobertum de Tamehorn. 

Ricardus Wagetail debet iiii.s. et viii.d. quia retraxit se de 
appellatione sua. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xxxix.s et vi.d. de essartis de Staffordscira. 
De Tallagio Dominiorum Regis et Terrarum per Robertum 
Marmiun et Socios Suas. 

Homines de Novo Castro debent vi.li. et xiiii.s. et viii.d. de Dono. 

Homines de Stafford debent vi.li. et x.s. de Dono. 

Idem Vicecomes debet ii.s. de Dono de Mere. 

Homines de Cnot debent xxiiis. et iiiLd. de Dono. 

Homines de Kuggelega debent xxxv.s. et vi.d. de Dono. 

Homines de Waleshala debent xxi.s. de Dono. 

Homines de Lech debent x.s. de Dono. 

Homines de Tamewurda debent xv.s. de Dono. 

Homines de Erlega debent xl.s. de Dono. 

Homines de Bromlega reddunt compotum de xx.s. de Dono. 

In prsedicta operatione xx.s. per prsedictum breve. Et quieti 
sunt. 

Homines de Pencriz reddunt compotum de Ii.s. et viii.d. de Dono. 
In prsedicta operatione xxxvi.s. per prsedictum Hugonem Bardulf 
per prsedictum breve. Et debent xv.s. et viii.d. 

Homines de Clent reddunt compotum* de xxix.s. et ii.d. de Dono. 
In prsedicta operatione x.s. et vii.d. per manum prsedicti Hugonis 
per prsedictum breve. Et debent xviii.s. et vii.d. 

Homines de Totenhala reddunt compotum de xxxi.s. et x.d. de 
Dono. In prsedicta operatione xxviii.s. et i.d. per prcedietum 
Hugonem per prsedictum breve. Et debent iii.s. et ix.d. 

Homines de Suinesford reddunt compotum de xxxvii.s. de Dono. 
In prsedicta operatione xiii.s. et ix.d. per Hugonem Bardulf. per 
prsedictum breve et debent xxiii.s. et iii.d. 

Homines de Alrewas reddunt compotum de xiiii.s. et iiii.d. de 
Dono. In prsedicta operatione xl.s. et viii.d. per ipsum Hugonem 
per prsedictum breve. Et debent ii.s. et viii.d. 

Homines de Wulfrunehanton reddunt compotum de xviis. de 
Dono. In prsedicta operatione xvi.s. et viiid. per Hugonem Bardulf 
per prsedictum breve. Et debent iiii.d. 

Homines de Billestona reddunt compotum de xviiis. de Dono. 
In operatione prsedicta xvi.s. per Hugonem Bardulf per prsedictum 
breve. Et debent ii.s. 

Homines de Wigenton reddunt compotum de xl.s. de Dono. In 



4 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

pradicta operatione xis. et iiii.d. per Hugonem Bardulf per prae- 
dictum breve. Et debent xxviii.s et viii.d. 

Villata de Eugge debet vi.s. et viii.d. quia prostravit Quercum 
sine licentia. 

De Pladtis Eadulphi de Ardend et Sociorum ejus. 

Eobertus le Franceis debet lxvi.s. et viii.d. pro disseisin! 

Homines de Novo Castro debent lxvi.s. et viii.d. pro concelamento. 

Rogerus de Scheldona reddit compotum de vi.s. et viii.d. pro falso 
clamore. In thesauro v.s. et debet xx.d. 

Nova Placita et Novce Conventiones De novis promissis. 

Hugo Episcopus Coventrensis reddit compotum de xxv. marc, 
pro fine de Rugelega et de Cnot habenda in perpetuum sibi et 
ecclesiae suae cum omnibus pertinentiis suis. In thesauro liberavit. 
Et quietus est. 

Eicardus Camerarius Ducis Saxonise reddit compotum de xx. 
marc, pro Custodia nepotum suorum habenda cum Waleshala terra 
eorundem. In thesauro liberavit. Et quietus est. 

Alda Malbanc reddit compotum de L marc, pro se maritanda 
ubi voluerit. Et pro dote sua in pace habenda in Standona (sic, sed 
Sandona legendum) et pro vi. libratis teme in Cadeham et Ix. solidis 
redditus in Villa de Wichinham. In thesauro liberavit. Et quieta est 

Henricus filius Eogeri debet xl.s. pro quadam recognitione iterum 
summonenda. 

De Pladtis Gfalfridi filii Petri et Eoberti de Brock et Sociorum 

Suorum. 

Henricus de Piletehala reddit compotum de xx.s. pro transgressione 
agistamenti. 

In thesauro liberavit. Et quietus est. 

Osbertus Prepositus reddit compotum de dimidia marca pro 
purprestura Molendini, et stagni. 

In operatione praedicta Novi Castri iii.s. et iiii.d. per Hugonem 
Bardulf per prsedictum breve. Et debet iiis. et iiii.d. 

Villata de Scheltona reddit compotum de dimidia marca pro 
Wasto. In thesauro iiii.s. et ii.d. Et in operatione praedicta xxiii.d. 
per Hugonem Bardulf per praedictum breve. Et debet vii.d. 

Villata Novi Castelli reddit compotum de xx.s. pro defectu. In 
thesauro vii.s. et iiii.d. Et debet xii.s. et viii.d. 

Idem Vicecomes reddit compotum de x.li. et xiii.s. et i.d. de 
minutis particulis pro essartis unde Vicecomes habet particulas et 
nomina debitorum. 

In thesauro xlviiis. et i.d. Et in operatione praedicta xv.s. et v.d. 






ROLL OF 2 RICHARD I. (1189-1190.) . 5 

per Hugonem Bardulf per preedictum breve. Et debet vii.li. et 
ix.s. et vii.d. 

Kobertus de Baskerville debet dimidiam marc, quia non habuit 
quern plegiavit. 

De, Scutagio Walice. 

Episcopus Coventrensis reddit compotum de vii.li. et x.s. de 
Scutagio Waliae pro militibus suis. In operatione praedicta iiiLli. 
et xvi.s. et iiii.d. per Hugonem Bardulf per praedictum breve. Et 
debet liii.s. et viii.d. de quibus xix.s. et ii.d. sunt in comitatibus 
Comitis Moritonise. 

Gervasius Painell debet xxv.li. de Scutagio pro militibus suis. 

Eobertus de Stafford reddit compotum de xxx.li. de Scutagio pro 
militibus suis. In thesauro x.li. et vi.s. et viii.d. Et in perdonis 
per breve Eegis Rogero Vigili x.s. in Staffordscira et WarewicksciriL 
Et pluribus militibus qui abierunt Jerusalem iiii.li. et x.s. Et eidem 
Roberto qui abiit Jerusalem xxx.s. Et debet xiii li. et iii.s. et iiii.d. 

Idem Vicecomes reddit compotum de xvi.s. et viii.d. de Catallis 
Galfridi de Tunstall Utlagati. In thesauro liberavit et quietus est. 

Philippus de Kenefara debet xviii.li. de firma de Kenefara de 
hoc anno et de anno prseterito. 

Extract from the Pipe-roll of Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshirt (2 Richard 1). 

Bertramus de Verdun reddit compotum de quater xx. et xiiLli. 
et iii.s. de duabus partibus warnisturae duarum uavium quae fuerunt 
Willelmi de Stutevill. In thesauro xxiiiLli. et xiii.s. et viii.d. et ipsi 
Regi C. marc, apud Normanniam per breve Regis. EtGilberto Pipard 
ii. marc, et dimid. pro warnitura quam Hugo Bardulf accepit in 
castro de Su'p'ton et quietus est. 

Extract from the Pipe-roll of Warwickshire and Leicestershire (2 Richard I). 

De placitis Galfridi filii Petri. 
Walterus' de Lega debet ii.s. et viii.d. pro defalta. 
Robertus Franceis debet xl.s. pro falso clameo. 
Yvo de Waleton debet dimid. marc, pro defectu. 
Willelmus de Mortona debet dimid. marc, pro defectu. 
Ricardus Cuignea debet dimid. marc, pro plegio Rogeri Chumbel. 

Nova Placita et novce conventiones. 

Hugo Conventrensis Episcopus debet cc. marc, pro habendis 
comitatibus de Warewicscira et Legrecestrescira et Staffordscira. 

De placitis Jorestce per. Cfalfridum JUium Petri. 
Bertramus de Verdun reddit compotum de dimid. marc.- pro 
wasto de Tokebi. 



6 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Extract from the Pipe-roll of Surrey (2 Richard I). 

De tallagio Dominicorum Regis et terrarum tune in manu ejus. 

Homines de Papenden quse fuit Willelmi Buffere debent xi.s. et 
iii. obolos de dono. 

Idem Vicecomes reddit compotum de vii.li. et xiiii.s. de firma 
de Patinden quse fuit Willelmi Buffere. In thesauro xxiiiis. et p'ro 
uno calice argenti et una casula et uno pa"nno serico ante altare 
ad opus capellse de Windesore c. et x.s. Et Willelmo Buffere ad 
pannos xx.s. per breve Regis et quietus est. 

Extract from the Pipe-roll of Oxfordshire (2 Richard 1). 
De placitis Hugonis Bardulf et sociorum ejus. 
Juliana de Paries debet dimid. marc, pro placito de laico feodo in 
capitulo. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 2 RICHARD I. (MICHAELMAS, 1190. 

Richard was crowned King of England on Sept. 3, 1189, so that 
the Pipe-roll, which was drawn up on Sept. 29 following, is tech- 
nically named the Roll of his first year. As regards fact and events, 
however, that Roll refers more largely to the last, or thirty-fifth, year 
of Henry II. than to the first year of King Richard. 

Similarly, the Roll how before us is intelligibly entitled the Roll 
of Richard's second year, though its main contents are the affairs 
and transactions of his first year. 

The Michaelmas after Richard's coronation, was marked by con- 
siderable changes of English sheriffs. In Staffordshire, Thomas 
Noel made way for Thomas de Cresswell, a vassal of Hugh Pantulf , 
of Wem, which Hugh at the same moment quitted the Shrievalty of 
Shropshire in favour of William FitzAlan, 'his brother-in-law. At 
Easter, 1190, Thomas de Cresswell retired from the Shrievalty of 
Staffordshire, being superseded by Hugh Bardulf, who theretofore 
had served as Sheriff, at one time of Cornwall, at another of Wilt- 
shire, Dorset, and Somerset. In the Pipe-Roll now before us, 
Thomas de Cresswell answers for the first half, and Hugh Bardulf, 
for the second half of the fiscal year ending Michaelmas, 1190. 

The underlined passages in the Corpus Comitatus (pp. 1 and 2), 
betoken the contemporary discovery of inaccuracy. What inaccuracy 
there was in naming Thomas de Cresswell as Sheriff does not appear. 
The' first half-year's Ferni, after discharging the cancelled item of 
15 blanche, results in an accurate total of 70 blanche. 

The statement of the second half-year's Ferm was altogether 
irregular and inaccurate as a balanced statement of the said Ferm ; 



ROLL OF 2 RICHARD I. (1189-1190.) f 

and so Hugh Bardulf s accounting for such a Ferm was marked as 
untrue by the sub-line of Cancellation. The actual account of this 
half year, as it stands in the Jtext, would result in a Ferm, not of 
70 blanche, but of 79 5s. blanche, and this, without reckoning the 
fourth cancelled item of 17 Is. 3d. 

Obviously, if Hugh Bardulf s items were individually true, though 
irregularly stated, there was a surplus credit in his favour of 9 5s. 
blanche + 17 18s. 3d. numero. 

In this year the custody of Tamworth Castle, itself in Warwick- 
shire, had been entrusted by King Richard's directions to the succes- 
sive Sheriffs of Staffordshire. 

At the death of Henry II., Cannock and Rugeley, two estates 
of Ancient Escheat, had not as yet been alienated from the Crown. 
Their reputed annual value stood at 3 Is. blanche in the Corpus 
Comitat'&s. . King Richard, evidently raising money for the Crusade, 
sold these estates for 25 merks (16 13s. 4d.) to Hugh de Novant, 
Bishop of Coventry. The Bishop bought them for his See. The 
bargains took effect at Easter (March 25), 1190, when King Richard 
was probably at Rouen. 

Nova Placita et JPovce Convenciones de novis promissis. 

The first entry under this head indicates Bishop Novant's full 
discharge of his fine. . 

Henry Duke of Saxony had married a daughter of King Henry of 
England. The Duke had been a frequent visitor of his father-in-law 
before the death of the Duchess (28 July, 1189), and had been 
again with the King during the remaining few weeks of the 
monarch's life. The Duke it seems had taken an English Chamber- 
lain. I think this Chamberlain was Richard Rufus, and that he was 
prother of Herbert Rufus, to whom King Henry is known to have 
given Walsall. For occurances of William Rufus, Chamberlain to 
K. Henry II., Richard Rufus and Herbert Rufus, I refer elsewhere 
(Itinerary of Henry II. Index p. 335). Herbert Rufus is now 
(1190) dead, leaving male issue. The uncle of these boys, the 
Chamberlain of Saxony, buys their wardship from the Crown. 

Alda Malbanc, who later in her widowhood resumed her maiden 
name of Beauchamp, was widow of William, the last Baron of Wich 
Malbanc. The latter inherited Great Sandon (Staffordshire), from 
his father and grandfather. The grandfather had received it soon 
after Domesday, from Hugh, Earl of Chester. 

Henry fitz Roger was, I suppose, a son of Roger fitz Henry, 
of Haughton (Staffordshire), and Wellington (Shropshire). Roger 



8 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

fitz Henry died about this time. His eldest son and successor was 
Thomas fitz Eoger (See Antiquities of Shropshire, viii. 76). 

Geoffrey fitz Piers, Eobert de Broch, and other Justices had 
visited Staffordshire, during the fiscal year now ended. The 
Shropshire Roll determines their proceedings to have been Placita 
Forestce. 

THE SCUTAGE OF WALES had .been put in charge during this 
fiscal year throughout the realm. It was relevant to the aggressive 
attitude assumed by Ees of South Wales, who was enraged at the 
discourtesy with which his attendance at Eichard's coronation had 
been met by the King. The affair belonged to the autumn of 
1189. The English host which was sent to restrain Ees's excesses, 
was under the command of John, Comte of Moretain, King Richard's 
brother. John's only success was that, by words rather than blows, 
he persuaded Ees to desist from the seige of Carmarthen Castle. 

This Scutage was at the rate of 10s. per knight's fee. The 
Bishop of Coventry's fees being fifteen in number, he was charged 
with 7 10s., of which sum he declined to pay more than 4 16s. 4d. 
A balance of 2 13s. 8d., thus left against him, was excused by a 
writ of the King on the ground that the Bishop had served personally 
in the Army of Wales. This transpires in the Roll of 3 Eichard L 
In the Eoll now before us, the Bishop seems to claim exemption for 
a part (19s. 2d.) of the arrear that he was leaving against himself, 
on the ground that so much of the arrear was charged on fees 
which were " in the Comte of Moretain's Counties." 

This alludes to the Bishop's Derbyshire fees. King Eichard had, 
among his first acts, given the " Counties," that is, the Earldoms of 
Derby and Nottingham to his brother John. This outrage against a 
professed and ardent Crusader, such as was William Earl Ferrars, was 
keenly felt, but not resented by any abandonment of the Earl's vow. 

There has been much doubt as to the period of Eobert (II.) de 
Stafford's death. Sir H. Nicholas said about 1176 ; the probable 
ground of which was that, about that time, Eobert de Stafford, dis- 
charging all his debts to the crown, his name disappeared from the 
Pipe-rolls. On the 'evidence of charters, I am enabled to say that he 
was living in 1183. On the evidence of the Eoll now before us, it 
is clear that he was deceased in 1189, for the Scutage of Wales, 
assessed in that year, was assessed on his son and successor on 
the same Eobert de Stafford, that is, as went on the Crusade. 

The difficulty is that there is no record of any livery having been 






ROLL OF 2 RICHARD I. (1189-1190). 9 

paid by this third Eobert de Stafford on his succession. Is not 
this difficulty rather a guidance ? What if Robert de Stafford II. 
died about the time of King Richard's coronation ? and what if 
King Richard excused the heir his fine for livery on condition, dr 
in furtherance, of his taking the cross ? 

But the text of this .Roll shows other and cognate indulgence to 
Robert de Stafford, in regard to the Scutage of Wales and his crusad- 
ing vow. His liability to the Scutage was (on 60 fees) 30. Of 
this he was only called upon to pay 10 6s. 8d., which sum he had 
surely received from knights who had neither served in the army 
of Wales, nor taken the cross. Roger le Waite (Vigil), tenant of a 
Stafford fee in Warwickshire and Staffordshire, had been excused 
his quota of 10s. by King Richard, without reason assigned. Robert 
de Stafford, himself counting as three knights, and nine of his 
knights went to " Jerusalem," and this absolved them of contribu- 
tions, amounting to 6, in respect of -the Scutage of Wales. All 
these per dona were by order of King Richard. A sum of 13 3s. 4d. 
still remained against the Fief of Stafford. The Roll of 3 Richard I. 
shows that the King, previous to his departure, or on his outward 
journey, had issued some general charter, which resulted in 35s. of 
this revenue being paid over to the Knights Templars and 10s. to the 
Hospitallers. There still remained a balance of 10 18s. 4d. at Mich- 
aelmas, 1191, against the Fief of Stafford and in respect of the Scutage 
of Wales. Under the Roll of 4 Richard I. this subject will recur. 

BUCKS AND BEDFORDSHIRE. Bertram de Verdon's account will 
have been made up before August, 1190, when he embarked from 
Marseilles in company with King Richard. It is of interest as 
regards the man rather than the account. It will, in this particular 
recur. The Baron had had it in hand to dispose of the stores and 
fittings of two ships unneeded by King Richard. He took 100 
merks to Richard himself, while yet the King was in Normandy. 

The other matter I understand to relate to Gilbert Pipard and 
Hugh Bardulf as having formerly had in turn custody of the 
Somerset Castle of South-Periton. 

These amercements of Walter de Lega, Yvo de Waleton and 
William de Morton recur on the Warwickshire Pipe-Rolls of 3 
and 4, Rich. I. 

Hugh, Bishop of Coventry, had sometime fined 200 merks with 
King Richard, for the Shrievalty of the counties of Warwick, 
Leicester, and Stafford. The two former he actually had in the 






10 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

current year (2 Eich. I.), making way for Hugh Bardulf, at 
Michaelmas, 1190. At the same date, Hugh Bardulf vacating 
Staffordshire, was replaced by the Bishop. The Bishop retained 
the Shrievalty of Staffordshire, till Easter, 1194. At Michaelmas, 
1191, he regained the Shrievalty of Warwickshire and Leicester- 
shire, and retained it till Michaelmas, 1193. 

William Buffare was a Staffordshire man. He was Lord of 
Penn, formerly known as " Penn-Buffar." He was now apparently 
in prison. The Surrey Pipe-Eoll of the 33rd year of K. Henry II. 
shows that the Escheat of Patindon existed from the year com- 
mencing Michaelmas, 1185. The entry is as follows: 
Idem Vicecomes (Henry de Cornhill), r.c. de xv.li. et viii.s. de firma 
terrse qucB fuit Willelmi Buffere de ii. annis. In thro, xxxv.s- 
et vi.d. Et in victu ipsius Willelmi de tribus annis preteritis 
lx.li. et iis. et vi.d. per breve Eegis. Et in vestitu ejusdem Willelmi 
in prisona xxx.s. de eodem termino per idem breve. Et in pannis 
filise Willelmi de Ailintona Ix.s. per breve Eegis. E. Q. E. 
(On another part of the same Roll of 33 Henry II). De, tallagio 
dominiornm Regis et terrarum quce tune erant in maru Regis. 

Et de xxiis. et iii.d. de Padenders quse fuit Willelmi Buffere. 

Again on the Surrey Pipe-Eoll of 1 Eichard I. (1188-1189), we, 
find another year's account of William Buffere's Escheat : 

Idem Vicecomes reddit compotum de x.s. de veteri firina de 
Patindena quse fuit Willelmi Buffere. In thesauro liberavit et quietus 
est. Et idem de vii.li. et xiiii.s. de nova firm! In thesauro nichil. Et 
in emendatione doinorurn de Patindena x.s. Et incustamento ducendi 
vina Eegis per mare et per terrain et iisdem reponendis in cellaria" 
apud Westmonasterium ad coronationem Eegis vi.li. et v.s. et viii.d. 
.per breve Eegis, et in victu Willelmi Buffere xviils. et iiii.d. per 
breve Eegis, et quietus est. 



MAG. EOT. PIP. 3 EIC. I. (1190-1191). 

Hugo Coventrensis Episcopus ; Eobertus films Waleranni pro eo 
reddit compotum de firma de Staffordscira. In thesauro xx.li. blanc. 

Et in Elemosinis constitutis militibus de Templo j. marc. Et in 
liberationibus constitutis canonicis de Laentoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad 
custodiam Domorum Eegis de Cnot. Et x. servientibus ix.li. et 
iis. et vi.d. ad custodiam patriae pro malefactoribus. 

Et in terris datis Monachis de Bordeslega x.li. bl in Terdebigga. 
Et Willielmo de Herovilla Ix.s. blanc in Wodnesberia. 

Et Hugoni Coventrensi Episcopo lxi.s. blanc in Cnot et Ruggelega. 



ROLL OF 3 RICHARD I. (1190-1191). 11 

.Et Militibus de Templo xliii.s et iiii.d. blanc in Kiel. Et Johanni 
Capellano c.s. numero. Et in pastura quam Eex concessit Johanni 
Extraneo viii.s. et viii.d. 

Et in defalta Ederingehale membro de Alrewas lx.s. numero quos 
Conies Moriton saisivit pro se. Et in Wasto Forestae de Schechell 
ix.s. 

Et in retinendis servientibus pro pace servanda in comitatu de 
Stafford xxvi.li. per breve Cancellarii. Et in liberatione rnilitum 
residentiuni in Novo Castro supra Limam xxvii.li. et ix.s. per breve 
Regis. Et in emendatione Capellae et Camerse et Domorum Regis in 
eodem Castro iiii.li. per idem breve. 

Et Willielmo filio Simonis et Jacobo fratri suo x.li de dono Regis 
per breve Regis. Et debet xix.li. et xiii.s. blanc. 

Idem r.c. de eodem debito. 

In custodia Castelli de Muntsorell ab hoc termino usque ad 
festum Sancti Michaelis proxime sequentis xxv.li. per breve Regis. 
Et habet de superplusagio iiii.li. et ii.s. blanc. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiils. et iiii.d. de firma de Brom. Et 
de i. marc, de firma de Roelega. In th'ro lib. in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de lx.s. de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. 
Et de xxi.d. de domo Walteri Prepositi in Cymiterio de Stafford. Et 
de iii.s. de exitu Molendini de Cradelega. Sumrna Ixiiii.s. et ix.d. 
In thesauro liberavit in iii talliis. E. Q. E. 

Robertus de Broch debet vi.li. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. de censu forestse 
de Cnot. 

Willielmus filius Widonis r.c. de ii. dextrarios de misericordia 
Regis pro foresta. In perdonis per breve Regis ipsi Willielmo ii. 
Dextrarios quia eos liberavit Regi patri. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xxi.s. -de Wastis et Essartis et placitis et 
Propresturis Forestse de Staffordscira per Tomam filium Bernardi. 

^Ernaldus Presbiter debet i. marc, pro stulto dicto. Ricardus Miles 
Forestarius debet dimidiam marc, pro defalta. 

Robertus de Belmes debet dimid. marc, pro Bosco vendito in 
Foresta. Sed debent requiri in Salopescira. 

Alina de Durlaveston debet ii. marc, pro recto in curia Regis de 
terra de Olnea versus Walterum de Chavereswell. 

Willielmus de Sanford debet i. marc, pro recto de v. marc, versus 
Robertum Tamehorn. 

Ricardus Wagetail debet iiii.s. et viii.d. quia retraxit se de 
appellacione sua. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xxxix.s. et vi.d. de essartis de StaffordscirfL 



12 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

De Tallagiis Dominiorum et Terrarum Regis. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de vi.li. et xiiii.s. et viii.d. de hominibus Novi 
Castri de dono. Et de vi.li. et x.s. de hominibus de Stafford. 

Et de ii.s. de dono de Mera. Et de xxxiiis. et iiii.d. de hominibus 
de Cnot. Et de xxxv.s. et vi.d. de hominibus de Ruggelega. Et de 
xxi.6. de hominibus de Waleshal. Et de x.s. de homiiiibus de Lech. 
Et de xv.s. de hominibus de Tamewurda. Et de xl.s. de hominibus 
' de Eslega. Et de xv.s. et viii.d. de hominibus de Pencriz. Et de 
xviiis. et vii.d. de hominibus de Clent. Et de iii.s. et ix.d. de 
hominibus de Totenhala. Et de xxiii.s. et iii.d. de hominibus de 
Suinesford. Et de ii.s. et viii.d. de hominibus de. Alrewas. Et de 
iiii.d. de hominibus de Wulfrunehanton. Et de ii.s. de hominibus 
de Billestona. Et de xxviiis. et viiid. de hominibus de Wigentona. 

Summa xxv.li. et vi.s. et v.d. In perdonis per breve Regis 
praedictis hominibus xxv.li et vis. et v.d. E. Q. E. (sic). 

Villata da Rugge debet vi.s. et viii.d. quia prostravit quercum 
sine licentia. Sed debent requiri in Salopescira. 

De Placitis Eadulphi de Arden et Sociorum ejus. 

Robertus le Erauceis r.c. de Ixvi.s. et viii.d. pro disseisina. In per- 
donis per breve Regis Fratribus Hospitalis Ixvi.s. et viii.d. K Q. E. 

Homines de Novo Castro debent Ixvi.s. et viiid. pro concelamento. 

Rogerus de Scheldona debet xx.d. pro falso clamore. Sed debet 
requiri a Vice Comite de Warewichscira. 

De Novis Promissis. 

Henricus filius Rogeri r.c. de xl.s. pro quadam iecognitione. In 
thesauro x.s. Et debet xxx.s. 

De Placitis Galfridi Filii Petri et Sociorum ejus. 

Osbertus prepositus r.c. de iii.s. et iiii.d. pro proprestura molendini 
et stagni. In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Villata de Scheltona debet vii.d. pro wasto. 

Villata .Novi Castelli debet xii.s. et viiid. pro defalta. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de viili et ix.s. et viid. de minutis particulis 
pro essartis unde Vicecomes habet particulas et nomina debitorum. 
In thesauro v.s. et vid. Et in Perdonis per libertatem Cartse Regis 
Episcopo Coventrensi xlix.s. Et debet iiiili. et xv.s. et id. 

Robertus de Baskervilla debet dimid. marc, quia uon habuit quern 
plegiavit. Sed debet requiri in Salopescira. 
De Scutagio Walice. 

Episcopus Coventrensis r.c. de liiis. et viii.d. de Scutagio Walia> 
pro militibus suis. In perdonis per breve Regis eidem episcopo 
liiis. et viiid. quia fuit in praedicto exercitu. E. Q. E. 



I 



ROLL OF 3 RICHARD I. (1190-1191). 13 

Gervasius Painell r.c. de xxv.li. de eodem Scutagio. In thesauro 
vii.li: et xv.s. Et debet xvii.li. et v.s. 

Et in Scutagio militum ejusdem honoris de quibus Vicecomes de 
Buckinghamscira reddidit compotum anno prseterito lxxix.s. et ii.d. 
Et in Perdonis per breve Regis fratribus Hospitalis iii.s. et iiii.d. 
Et debet xiiLli. et iis.' et vi.d. 

Robertus de Stafford r.c. de xiii.li. et iii.s. et iiii.d. de Scutagio pro 
militibus suis. In thesauro nihil. Et in Perdonis per libertatem 
Cartse Regis militibus de templo xxxv.s. et fratribus hospitalis x.s. 
Et debet x.li et xviiis. et iiii.d. 

Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de xxvii.li. de firma de Kenefara de 
hoc anno et de ii. annis pneteritis. In thesauro x.li. Et in operatione 
Domorum Regis de Kenefara ix.li. per breve Cancellarii. Et debet 
viiLli. 

Nova Placiia et Novce Conventiones per Eadulphum Archidiaconum 
Hereford, et Socios Suos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ii. marc, de Clent pro murdro. In thesauro 
xxvi.s. . Et debet viild. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ii. marc, de Pirehulle hundred pro murdro. 
In thesauro xix.s. et v.d. 

Et in perdonis per libertatem Cartse Regis Episcopo Coventrensi 
v.s. Et Monachis de Cumbremar^, viii.d. Et debet xvii.d. 

Guido de Saut r.c. de dimid. marc, pro plegio Willielmi de Len. 
In thesauro iiis, et iiii.d. Et debet iii.s. et iiii.d. 

Hamo de Hamerwich r.c. de dimid. marc, pro defalta. In thesauro 
iii.s. et iiii.d. Et debet iii.s. et iiii.d. 

Tedinga Willielmi Meredith debet x.s. pro fuga Nicholai. 

Tedinga Roberti de Seltona debet dimid. marc, pro fuga' Everardi. 

Villata de Brewuda debet i. marc, quia non levavit clamorem super 
Utlagatum. Ailmerus de Mere debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. 
Willielmus films Estive debet dimid. marc, pro plegio GerardiGansel. 
Willielmus de Ley debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. Robertus 
filius Suein debet dimid. marc, pro plegio Estive. 
De His qui totum reddiderunt. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de vi.li. de misericordiis hominum quorum 
nomina et debita et causes debitorum annotantur in Rotulo 
prsedictorum quern liberaverunt in thesauro. In thesauro liberavit 
in xvi. talliis. E. Q. E. 

De Oblatis Curice per Cancellarium. 

Wido de Suinefen r.c. de i. marc, pro habenda bquela sua in curia 
Regis versus Henricum de Pirie. . In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. 






14 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Willielmus de Ferrariis films Comitis cle Ferrariis debet c.li. pro 
fine terrse suae. 

Willielmus filius Alani debet x. marc, pro plegio nepotis sui. 

Herbertus Juvenis de Lantoni debet xl.s. pro habendo judicio suo 
de loquela inter ipsum et Willielmum de Hou. 

Walterus de Witefeld r.c. de xv. marc, pro habenda Eva de Lange- 
ford cum terra sua. In thesauro v. marc. Et debet x. marc. 

Tedinga Eoberti de Schelton r.c. de dimidia marc, pro fuga Ever- 
ardl In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Villata de Brewuda r.c. de i. marc, quia non levavit clamorem 
suum super Utlagatum. In perdonis per libertatem Cartae Eegis 
Episcopo Coventrensi i. marc. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xi.s. et ii.d. de exitu de Haketona terra 
escaeta de dimidio anno. In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Gervasius Painell r.c. de xiii.li. et ii.s. et vi.d. de Scutagio Walie. 
In Perdonis per breve Eegis Willielmo cle Stanford qui abiit 
Jerusalem cum Eege x.s. et Willielmo filio Petri xxx.s. qui similiter 
abiit Jerusalem. Et debet xi.li. et ii.s. et vi.d. de quibus Hugo 
Bardulf debet respondere de c. et x.s. quos Hugo de ChaucumbA, 
recognovit se recepisse, et Petrus Blundus de x.s. Et debet c. et 
ii.s. et vi.d. 

Extract from the Pipe-Roll of Surrey, S Eic. I. 

Willelmus Eufus Vicecomes. 
De tallagio dominiorum Eegis et terrarum tune in manu ejus. 

. . . Et .de xi.s. et iii. obolis de hominibus de 

Papenden quse fuit Willelmi Buffere. 

Extract, from the Pipe-Soil of Oxfordshire, 3 Ric. I. 

De Scutagio Walise. Gerardus de Camvill r.c. de v.s. de eodem. 
Et in perdonis per breve Eegis Eicardo de Camvill qui abiit Jeru- 
salem v.s. Et quietus est. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 3 RICHARD I. (MICHAELMAS, 1191). 

The Bishop of Coventry being Sheriff of Staffordshire, employs 
Eobert Fitz Walerann as his Deputy. Trentham, the richest of 
the Crown-lands of the County, is no longer a separate Ferm. It 
is farmed by the Sheriff, and is tacitly -absorbed in the Corpus 
Comitatlls. 

The Eoll shows symptoms of great provincial disturbance. 
Comte John, of Moretain, is undermining the authority of his absent 
brother. The Chancellor, Longchamp, is intent on maintaining it. 
The Sheriff charges the Crown revenue with 9 2s. 6d., which he 






ROLL OF 3 RICHARD I. (1190-1191). 15 

had expended on the safe-keeping of the country against malefactors, 
ten Serjeants-at-arms being subsidized for the work. Towards 
further preservation of the peace, the Chancellor had ordered the 
Sheriff to spend 26 more of the King's monies. 

Writs of King Richard, providing for the garrison of Newcastle 
and his own apartments there, were still in force, as was also a writ 
enjoining the Sheriff of Staffordshire to apply 25 of the revenues 
of 4 Eichard I. in maintenance ot the Leicestershire Castle of Mount 
Sorrell. 

The King's Forest of Schechell (its site is problematical), had 
been wasted so as to create a charge of 9 shillings on the current 
year's revenue. The ferm of the King's Manor of Alrewas, probably 
constituting some 10 in the Firma Comitat'&s, had been abated by 
3 in this year, that sum being the proportion of Edingale, which, 
during King Henry's reign, had been made a member of Alrewas, and 
which had now been seized by the Comte of Moretain to his own 
uses. 

It will be apparent to anyone examining the arithmetic of this 
year's Corpus Comitatds and remembering (See Staff. Coll. p. 57 et 
alibi) that a sum reckoned by tale (numero) must be lessened by 
5 per cent, to bring it into a blanche form : it will be apparent 
that the Ferm of Staffordshire still remained at 140 Uanche. In 
the present instance the Sheriff had paid 4 2s. Uanche more than 
he had received. 

Ever since the year 1176, a Crown-debt of two Destriers had 
been recorded on consecutive Pipe-Bolls against William fitz Wido, 
who was acknowledged long since to have discharged the money por- 
tion of his misericordia pro forestd. The item of "Destriers" is now 
cancelled under Writ of King Richard. It had been proved that 
Fitz Wido had already delivered them, viz., to Henry II. (Regipatri). 

An arrear of a Forest-debt long outstanding against Robert de 
Belmes, ought, it is here said, to be looked up in Shropshire. 
Accordingly, on the Shropshire Pipe-Roll of 4 Richard I., there is 
this 'entry : Robertus de Belmes debet dimidiam marcam pro bosco 
vendito in foresta, qui requirebatur in Staffordscirl 

The debt was discharged the following year (5 Rich. I.), the 
Sheriff of Shropshire receiving it. Robert de Beaumeis was Lord 
of Donnington. It is on the borders of Staffordshire. 

These Tallege-arrears had encumbered the Rolls since 1187. 
K. Richard, before he left for the East, had cancelled them all. 

Among the persons brought in charge by the Forest Officers 



16 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

in the last year for making assarts in prejudice of the rights of the 
Crown, was the Bishop of Coventry, then Sheriff of the County. 
King Bichard's Charter giving Eugeley and Cannock to the Bishop 
probably contained some clause enfranchising the Bishop in respect 
of a right to make assarts. 

Gervase Paynel, of Dudley, had been charged for the Scutage of 
Wales in 2 Rich. I., but it was by the Sheriff of Bucks. The 
account, giving a lien of 3s. 4d. on the receipts, to the Hospitallers, 
had been partially settled. Of the 25 chargeable on the 50 fees 
of Paynel's Barony, 13 2s. 6d. remained to be collected by the 
Sheriff of Staffordshire. His account will presently be noticed. 

The Chancellor and Viceroy, Longchamp, had authorized Philip 
Holgate's expenditure of 9 on the King's lodgings at Kinver. 

Nova Placita. In the year ending Michaelmas, 1191, Stafford- 
shire, Shropshire, and other counties were visited by Ralph, Arch- 
deacon of Hereford and his fellow-justices, one of whom was 
Robert de Whitfield. The details of their eyre were everywhere 
unimportant. 

Oblata Curios. These were Fines originating with the Curia 
Regis, or the King himself, or, as in this instance, with the Viceroy. 
Their nature and the liquidated proportion thereof, seem to have 
been communicated to the Sheriff in the order of their date. Hence 
in entering them or the Pipe-Roll as Memoranda, the Sheriff often 
mixed them up with matters purely of his own. jurisdiction. 

" William de Ferrers, son of the Earl Ferrers, had fined 100 pro 
terra sua." This is interesting. The Fine was of course proposed 
previous to Michaelmas, 1191. And it is obviously a Fine for 
livery of the lands, if not the title, of an Earl. 

Compare this with other facts and allegations. William, Earl 
Ferrers, the first of his name, though for a period he was called 
Robert,' was a zealous Crusader. He died at Acre, in 1191, says 
the ordinary monastic testimony. King Richard did not reach 
Acre till June 8th, 1191. Acre fell to the Christian arms on 
July 12th, 1191, and on August 22nd, the allied sovereigns proceeded 
to fight their way to Ascalon. 

So then, in the summer of 1191, 'died William, Earl Ferrers. 
And the news of his death reached England before September 29th. 
This is quite credible ; but it is seldom that a Pipe-Roll so largely 
illustrates a monastic tradition or the dates of a chronicle. 

On William fitz Alan's Fine I shall have to speak elsewhere. It 
seems clear that this Fine was. by the contemporary Baron .of 



ROLL OF 4 RICHARD II. .(1191-1192). 17 

Oswestry, who was also Sheriff of Shropshire. The said Baron was 
young to have had a nephew of full age in 1191. 

Walter de Witef eld's Fine is noticed elsewhere (Staff. Coll. I., 
202 ; Antiquities of Shropshire, VIII., 101). Eva de Langford, 
though not a Tenant in-capite in Staffordshire, had claims on other 
property in the County, claims of dower, and, as I suspect, claims 
of inheritance. 

Gervase Paynell, of Dudley, now accounts for his remaining 
liabilities to the Scutage of Wales. Two of his Knights, viz. William 
le Stanford and William fitz Peter -(de Birmingham?), had gone on 
the Crusade with K. Eichard. This had exempted 4 knights-fees 
rom the previous impost. Hugh de Chaucumb had, it seems, 
ithered the Scutage on eleven fees, and for this receipt (viz. 5 10s.), 
[ugh Bardulf (late Sheriff of Staffordshire was responsible). 
Similarly Peter Blund seems to have paid the charge on a 12th fee 

i Hugh Bardulf. A sum of 5 2s. 6d. still remained unaccounted of. 

Eichard de Camvill, - Tenant-in-capite of half a Knights-fee in 
)xfordshire, had accompanied K. Eichard and had therefore been 
exempted from his contribution to the Scutage. The accountant 
here is his brother Gerard, now Sheriff of Lincolnshire. The 

rusader was dead. Like the Earl Ferrers, he died at Acre. 
' MAG. EOT. PIP. 4 EIC. I. (1191-1192). 

Hugo Coventrensis Episcopus,' Eobertus de Nunant frater ejus 
Dro.eo. r.c. de firma de Staffordscira. In thesauro xxvi. li et ix.s. et 
/.d. blanc. Et in suo superplusagio iiii. li. et ii.s. blanc. Et in 
lemosinis constitutis militibus de Templo i. marc. 

Et in liberatione constituta Canonicis de Laentoni vi.s. et viii.d. 

custodiam Domorum Eegis de Cnot. Et x. servientibus peditibus 
c.li. et ii.s. et vi.d. ad custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. 

Et in terris datis Monachis de Bordeslega x.li. blanc in Terdebigga. 

Willielmo de Herovilla Ix.s. blanc. in Wodnesberia. Et Hugoni 
)oventrensi Episcopo Ixi.s. blanc. in Cnot ' et Euggelega. Et 
[ilitibus de Templo xl.iii.s. et iiii.d. blanc. in Kiel. Et Johanni 
}apellano c.s. Numero. Et in Pastura quam Bex concessit Johanni. 
Extraneo viii.s. et viii.d. Et in Defalta de Edeningehale membro de 
Alrewas Ix.s. Numero quos Comes Moritone saisivit per se. Et in 
Wasto Forestse de Scethelle ix.s. 

Et in reficiendis Stagnis Eegis in Staffordscira c.s. per breve Eegis. 
5t in reparatione Turris Novi Castri sub Lima et Pontis ipsius Castri 
r i.li. et xv.s. et vi.d. per breve Eegis, et per visum Ormi et Gilberti 







18 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Prepositi. Et in custodia Novi 'Castri sub Lima et Castri de 
Certelea xx.li. per breve Regis. Et in aliis minutis operibus, scilicet 
iii. Novis Cameris et coquina et ii. molendinis ix.li. et xx.d. per breve 
Regis et per visum prsedictorum. 

Et in liberatione x. servientium equitum cum armis per annum 
integrum, cuique in die iiii.d. Ix.li. et xvi.s. et viii.d. per breve Regis. 
Et habet de superplusagio xxiii.li. et ix.s. et i.d. blanc, de quibus 
compotus reddere infra. Qui computantur ei infra post pasnagium 
forestse de Cnot. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiii.s. et iiii.d. de firma de Brorm Et 
de i. marc, de firma de Roelega. In thesauro liberavit; in ii. talliis. 
E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de Ix.s. de Cremento Novi Fpri de Trentham. 
Et de xxi.d. de Domo Walteri Prepositi in Cymiterio de Stafford. 
Et de iii.s. de exitu Molendini de Cradelega. 

Summa Ixiiiis. et ix.d. In thesauro liberavit in iii. talliis. ^E. Q. E. 

Robertus de Broch vi.li. et xiiis. et iiii.d. de Censu Forestse 

de Cnot de anno preeterito, qui debent requiri a Galfrido filio Petri 
qui dicit se eos recepisse. 

Idem Robertus de Broch r.c. de vi.li. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. de censu 
ejusdem Forestse de hoc anno. In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Idem Robertus r.c. de xliis. et ii.d. de Pasnagio ejusdem Forestse. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de iiii.li. de exitu de Certelea. Et de xx.li. 
nuos cepit in manum reddere pro Johanne Bucuinte.de veteri firma de 
Londino. In thesauro nihil. Et in- superplusagio de firma Cmit- 
atus xxiiii.li. et x.d. numero pro xxiii, Ii. et ix.s. et i.d. blanc. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xxi.s. de wastis et essartis'et Placitis et 
Propresturis Fores bee de Staffordscmi per Tomam filium Bernardi. 

^Ernaldus Presbyter debet i. marc, pro stulto dicto. 

Richardus Miles Forestarius debet dimid. marc, pro defaM. 

Alina de Durlavestona debet ii. marc, pro recto in curia Regis de 
terra de Olnea versus Walterum de Chaverswelle. Ilicardus Wagetail 
debet iiii.s. et viii.d. quia retraxit se de appellatione sua. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xxxix.s. et vi.d. de Essartis de Staffordscira. 

Willielmus de Samford r.c. de i. marc, pro recto de v. marc, versus 
Robertum Tamehorn. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Placitis Eadulphi de Ardend et Sociorum ejus. 

Homines de Novo Castro Ixvi.s. et viii.d. pro concelamento. 
Rogerus de Scheldona debet xx.d. pro falso clamore sed summonitus 
est in Warewickscira. 



ROLL OF 4 RICHARD II. (1191-1192). 19 

De Novis Promissis. 

Henricus filius Eogeri xxx.s. pro quadam recognitione. 

Villata de Sheltona vii.d. pro wasto. 

Villata Novi Castri xii.s. et viii.d. pro DefaM. 

Idem Vicecomes debet iiii.li. et xv.s. et i.d. de minutis particulis 
pro essartis. 

Radulphus de Baskerville debet dimid. marc, quia non habuit 
quern plegiavit sed sumonitus est in Salopescira. 
De Scutagio Walice. 

'Eobertus de Stafford r.c. de x.li. et xviii.s. et iiii.d. de Scutagio pro 
Militibus Suis. In thesauro IxiiLs. et iiii.d. Et debet vii.li.-et xv.s. 

Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de viii.li. de veteri firma de Kenefara. 
In th'ro c. et xviii.s.. Et debet xlii.s. qui debent requiri a Johanne 
Marescallo qui cognovit se eos recepisse quando saisivit escaetas, et 
quos dicit se reddidisse domino Regi apud Rothomagum in quadam 
magna summa de escaetis. Idem Philippus r.c. de ix.li. de firma de 
Kenefara de hoc anno. In thesauro lxii.s. Et debet c. et xviii.s. 
De quibus compotus redditur infra. 

Gervasius Painell r.c. de"bet (sic.) c. et ii.s. et vi.d. de Scutagio. Sed 
reddit compotum infra. 

De Placitis Eadulphi Archidiaconi Herefort et Sociorum ejus. 

Idem Vicecomes debet viii.d. de Clent pro murdro. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xvii.d. de Pirhulle hundred pro murdro. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de iii.s. et iiiLd. de Widone de Saut pro plegio 
Willielmi de Len. - Et de iii.s. et iiii.d. de Hamone de Hamerwiche 
pro defalta. In thesauro liberavit in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Tedinga Willielmi Meredith debet x.s. pro f uga Mcolai. Ailmerus 
e Mere debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. Willielmus filius 

itive debet dimid. marc, pro plegiq Gerardi Ganselle. Willielmus 

Len debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore Robertus filius Suein 
ebet dimid. marc, pro plegio Estive. Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de 
c. et xviii.s. de firma de Kenefara de Reragio. In thesauro liberavit. 
Et quietus est. 

Willielmus de Ferrariis filius Comitis de Ferrariis r.c. de c.li. pro 
ine terra? suse. In th'ro xxx.li.. Et debet Ixx.li. Idem r.c. de 
odem debito. In thesauro x.li. Et debet Ix.li. Sed r.c. infra. 

Willielmus filius Alani x. marc, pro plegio nepotis sui. 

Herbertus Juvenis de Lantoni debet xl.s. pro habendo judicio suo 
e loquela inter ipsum et Willielmum de Hou. 

Walterus de Witefeld r.c. de x. marc, pro habenda Eva de 

angeford cum terra sua. In thesauro xl.s. et debet vii. marc. 



20 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

. Willielmus de Ferrarriis filius comitis de. Ferrariis r.c. de Ix.li. pro 
fine terree suse. In thesauro ix.li. Et debet li.li. 

Gervasius Painell r.c. de c. et ii.s. et vi.d. de Scutagio Walise'. In 
thesauro xl.s. Et debet lxii.s. et vi.d. Sed r.c. infra. 

Hugo Bardulf c. et x.s. de Scutagio quos Hugo de Chau- 

cumba Ballivus suus recognovit se recepisse. 

Petrus Blundus x.s. de eodem Scutagio. 

Gervasius Painell r.c. de lxii.s. et vi.d. de Scutagio. In Perdonis 
per breve Eegis Cancellarii Eicardo de Dittona qui moram fecit in 
Castro de Windresores xl.s. Et debet xxiis. et vi.d. 

Extract from, the Northamptonshire Pi2)e-Roll 4 Sic. I. 

Gfalfridus Jilius Petri Vicecomes, Eobertus filius Radulfi pro eo. 

'De Scutagio Wallice. 

In perdonis per breve Regis militibus crucesignatis scilicet Ber- 
tramo de Verdun x.s. et Roberto de Curtenay x.s. et Hugoni de 
Flekeneia x.s. et Roberto de Quenci xx.s. 

Extract from the Pipe-Roll of Oxfordshire, 4 Si;. I. 

De Scutagio Walise de feodis Roberti de Stafford quod requirebatur 
in Staffordscira. 

Henricus de Oilli debet xx.s. de.Scutagio Roberti de Stafford in 
feodis de Tiwe et de Stutfeld. 

Paganus. de Paries debet x.s. in Rollendrict. 

Walterus de Witefeld debet x.s. de eodem Scutagio. 

Hilda de Gay debet x.s. de eodem Scutagio in Nordbroch. 

Ricardus de Stratton debet v.s. de eodem Scutagio in feodo de 
Wolebire. 

Extract from the Pipe-Roll of Worcestershire 4 Sic. I. 
Willielmus de Bellocampo Vicecomes. Ricardus de Piplinton pro eo. 

Et Willelmo de Camvilla x. marc, ad custodiendum castrum de 
Lande Stephani per breve Regis. 

Pipe-Roll of Warwickshire and Leicestershire, 4 Ric. I. 
Episcopus Conventrensis Vicecomes. Gilbertus de Segrave et Reginaldus 

Basset pro eo. 'De novis promissis. 

Idem Episcopus r.c. de 1. marc, pro habendis Vicecomitatibus de' 
Warwicscira et de Legrecestrescira" et Staffordscira. Ipsi Regi L. 
marc, apud Montem Trichardi per breve Regis et quietus est. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 4 RICHARD I. (MICHAELMAS, 1192). 

Hugh Bishop, of Coventry is again Sheriff. His name, usually 
written as De Novant, is here written more correctly as "De Nun- 



ROLL OF 4 RICHAED II. (1191-1192). 21 

ant." The Bishop's brother, Kobert de Nunant was Deputy Sheriff. 
In this, as in former years, the Firma Comitat'As had been 140 
blanch. Such were the expenses of his trust, in addition to the lands 
withdrawn from his Term, that the Sheriff, withiji a few pounds, 
had spent the whole of the year's revenue. He had paid 26 9s. 5d. 
blanc into the Treasury, and .at the end of the year the Treasury 
owed him 23 9s. Id. blanc on the Corpus Comitatih. The differ- 
ence, viz., 3 Os. 4d. blanc, was the measurement of all that accrued 
to the King's Treasury on this year's ferm <5f Staffordshire. 

In addition to the ordinary costs of the garrison at Newcastle- 
under-Lyme, the custody and repairs of Chartley Castle had this 

I year devolved upon the Crown. How this came to pass is easily 
told, but it is not easy to reconcile the situation of 1192 with state- 
ments which speak of the previous and subsequent history of Chartley. 
It was in the Crown at the date of Domesday. Erdeswick says 
that " not long after the- Conquest " (he should have said " after 
Domesday ") " it was given to Hugh, Earl of Chester, and that so it 
descended to the sisters of the last Ranulfe, Earl of Chester, and in 
the partition it was allotted to William Ferrers, Earl of Derby." 
Earl Hugh's seigneury over Chartley, and its continuance with 
is heirs, I can neither prove nor disprove ; but it is certain, that 
De Ferrers became tenant of the Earls of Chester in several of their 
Staffordshire acquisitions long before the marriage spoken of by 
Erdeswick. It is a problem whether Chartley was thus held by De 
Ferrers in fee of the Earls of Chester, before the partition, whereby 
De Ferrers came to hold it in capite de corona sine media. The 
phenomena are these : The second Eobert, Earl Ferrers (dying f 
about 1161), assigned as the portion of his infant daughter, Matilda, 
a certain estate or estates which he held of the Honour of Chester. 
Other estates he assigned to his daughter Isolda, and these, as they 
were not held in capite of the Crown, were probably held of the 
Honour of Chester. I think that Chartley was so held. 

Isolda de Ferrers, born circa 1146, was married, circa 1170, to 
tephen de Beauchamp, of Essex. Stephen de Beauchamp died 20th 
ov., 1184, seized inter alia of Chartley. He left a son and four 
aughters, ultimately his co-heirs. His son, another Stephen, was 
.ess than three years of age at his father's death. As being a tenant- 
in-capite of the Crown, his wardship and all the heritage of Stephen 
de Beauchamp the younger, whether held in capite or otherwise, 
now devolved to the King. Hence I suppose Chartley and its castle 
were in manu Regis in this or the next year. Some Fermor thereof 



22 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

or temporory Grantee thereof, had previously been removed from thjs 
trust. t 

Page 18. The words, underlined, are so marked for cancellation. 
They were quite inapplicable to the previous clause; unless the 
word ' reddit,' -instead of being altered into ' reddere,' had been 
altered into ' redditur.' 

In the Roll of this year, the " King's Writs " are frequently al- . 
leged as the Sheriffs' authority for such and such an outlay. These 
Writs were either old and of perennial cogency, or such as left 
discretionary powers with the executors ; or the latest of them may 
have been sent from Sicily by hand of the Archbishop of Eouen, 
who left the Court of Messana and travelled to England in March 
and April, 1191. Longchamp had been deposed from his office of . 
" Justiciar" (Viceroy) on October 9th, 1191. 

The Sheriff, recouping himself for 23 9s. Id. llanc of excessive 
outlay, alleges two Crown assets, amounting at most to 24 Os. lOd. . 
numero. Instead of discounting these assets by 5 per cent, as was 
usual, he discounted them only 2 per cent. 

One of the assets is curious. The Sheriff had undertaken to pay " 
the Treasury 20 for John Bucuinte, in respect of the old ferm 
of London.^ 

John Bucuinte, Sheriff of London for the year ending Michaelmas, 
1191, had quitted office, leaving part of his Crown-debt unsettled. 
He had engaged the Bishop of Coventry to be his manucaptor 
for 20. The Bishop alleges this debt of himself to the Crown 
as cancelled by the Crown's greater debt to himself. 

Page 18. William de Samford's fine had been on the Roll six 
years (see ColL I. 126). 

De novis promissis. This particular debt of Ralph de Baskerville 
I do not find on the Shropshire Pipe-Rolls. Next year I find him 
with a debt of similar amount ; but it is "pro falso clamore." (Rot. 
Pip. 5 Ric. I. Salop.) Perhaps the name 'Radulphus' is here 
written in error for Robertus ; and the fine was an intended repiti- 
tion of that of 3 Ric. I. (Supra, p. 12.) 

De.Scutagio Walios. Robert de Stafford, or rather the Seneschal 
of his Barony, still continues to pay arrears. 3 3s. 4d. paid, means 
the scutage on 6 fees ; 7 15s. due, means that 15 fees were still 
in arrear. 

Page 19. John Marshall, custos of King Richard's escheats, had 
collected other available funds, and carried them to King Richard 
at Rouen. This was probably in March, 1190. 



ROLL OF 4 RICHARD II. (1191-1192). ' 23 

William de Ferrars, son of the late Earl, pays altogether in this 
year 49 out of the 100 due for his fine on succession. Probably 
no Earl could lawfully assume his title except by direct investiture 
of .the King. 

Gervase Paynell pays an instalment of the Scutage of Wales, 
'proportioned to four knights'-fees A balance proportioned to 6 
fees is still unpaid. His further account, said " to be given below," 
will recur. 

Hugh Bardulf is hot here surcharged with his own scutage. Hugh 
de Chaucumb had received, as Hugh Bardulf s agent, certain scutage- 

Idues in one or other of Hugh Bardulf s Shrievalties. The principal 
is held- accountable at the Exchequer. 
Peter Blund, -apparently put in charge to the Scutage of Wales 
for a single knight's fee, should be a Staffordshire Tenant-in-capite. 
I think that his tenement was part of Penkridge. 
Gervase Paynell's arrear on 6 ^ knights' fees for the Scutage of 
Wales, is here renewed. Four fees are released, two and a quarter 
fees remain chargeable. The release was on this wise : Eichard de 
Ditton held four fees under the Baron of Dudley in Bucks and 
Oxfordshire, in A.D. 1166. He still holds them, but he has been 
released from Scutage by a Writ of the Chancellor (that is of Long- 
champ when he was Viceroy), by reason that Richard was serving 
in garrison at Windsor Castle. (As to Richard de Ditton's estates 
see Staffordsh. Collect., Vol. I. p. 198.) 

Northamptonshire Roll, 4 Rich. I. It would seem that all Cruce- 
signati were exempt from King Richard's first Scutage. Bertram 
dfc Verdon, a Staffordshire Baron, perished in the current Crusade. 
Robert de Quinci, apparent heir to the Earldom of Winchester, died 
in a later Crusade without ever attaining that dignity. His wife 
was Hawise, of Chester, eventually one of the co-heirs of her 
brother, the last Earl Ranulf. Hawise in due course was created 
Countess of Lincoln, and was ancestress through her daughter, 
Margaret de Lacy, of the subsequent Earls of Lincoln. 

Oxfordshire Roll, 4 Rich. I. These extracts are given in the text, 
because all the names, both personal and local, had to do with the 
Oxfordshire Fief of Robert de Stafford. 

Worcestershire Roll, 4 Rich: I. William de Camvill, Castellan 
of'Llanstephen (Pembrokeshire), was of Arrow (Warwickshire), and 
of Clifton Campvill (Staffordshire), in right of his wife, Albreda 
daughter and heir of Geoffrey Marmion. 

Warwickshire Roll, 4 Rich. I. The place here written " Mons 



24 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Trichardi," is written in the Itinerary of King Kichard as Mon 
Kicardi. . The King was there on June 27th, 1190. He was march- 
ing with his host from Tours to Vezelai, where Philip, of France, had 
arranged to meet him. The Bishop of Coventry's fine, then paid, 
secured him the Shrievalty of Warwickshire and Leicestershire at 
Michaelmas, 11 90, but that of Staffordshire not till Michaelmas, 1191. 

MAG. ROT. PIP. 5 RIC. I. (1192-1193). 

Hugo Episcopus Coventrensis et Ricardus Marescallus pro eo 
r.c. de firma de Staffordscira. In th'ro xxxiii.li. et xv.s. et x.d. blanc. 

Et in Elemosinis constitutis militibus de Templo j marc. 
Et in liberatione constitute, Canonicis de Laentoni vi.s. et viii.d. 
ad custodiam Domorum Regis de Cnot. 

Et x. servientibus peditibus ix.li. et ii.s. et vld. ad custodiam patrise 
pro malefactoribus. 

Et in terris datis Monachis de Bordeslega x.li. blanc in Terdebigga. 
Et Willielmo de Herovilla l.x.s. bl. in Wodnesberia. 

Et Hugoni Coventrensi Episcopo lxi.s. bl. in Cnot et Ruggelega. 
Et Militibus de Templo xliii.s. et iiii.d. bl. in Kiel. 

Et Johanni Capellano c.s. numero. 

Et in pastura quam Rex concessit Johanni Extraneo viii.s. et viii.d. 

Et in Defalta de Edringehale membro de Alrewas Ix.s. numero 
quos Comes Moriton saisivit per se. 

Et in Wasto Forestse.de Schethell ixs. 

Et Emmas Reginae uxori David Regis de Nord- Wales ix.li. et xviiLs. 
et vi.d. de dimidio anno in Alrewas et in Tetenhale et in Suinford et 
in Clent in xxiili. et vi.s. et viii.d. quos habet in Escambio de Hales 
et de Cremento praedicti escambii. De quibus xvii.li. et vis. et viii.d. 
sunt de escambio et c.s. de Cremento per breve Regis, quamdiu 
Regi placuerit. 

Et ipsi Hugoni Coventrensi Episcopo x.li. quos posuit in liberatione 
v. militum de xl. diebus ad custodiam Novi Castri super Limam per 
breve Regis. Et eidem x.li. quos posuit in liberatione servientium 
xxx. p'editum de eodem termino per idem breve. 

Et eidem xv.li. quos posuit in liberatione xv. servientium equitum 
de eodem termino per idem breve. Et in Custamento i. molendini 
in Novo Castro xiiiLs. et ix.d. per breve Regis. 

Et pro Deambulatoriis circa castellum et lapide et Palo et Fundis 
et Fosca reparanda et Ponte kernelando, Ix.s. et ii.d. per breve Regis. 
Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis per totum annum xv.s. Et 
ipsi Vicecomiti ad custodiam Novi Castri sub Lima xx.li. per 



ROLL OF 5 RICHARD II. (1192-1193). 25 



breve Eegis. Et debet iiii.li. et xiii.s. et viii.d. bl. Idem r.c. de 
.eodem debito. In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiii.s. et iiii.d. de firma de Brom. lt 
de i. marc, de firma'de Eoelega. Summa iii. marc, et dimidium. 
In thesauro xxxiii.s. et iiii.d. Et in terris datis Emmas Eeginse 
de Nor- Wales xxiii.s. et iiiLd. pro Escambio de Hales per breve 
Eegis quamdiu Eegi placuit. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c..de Ix.s. de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham 
Et de xxi.d. de Domo Walteri Prepositi in Cymiterio de Stafford. 
Et de iii;s. de exitu' Molendiui de Cradelega. Summa LxiiiLs. et ix.d. 
In thesauro Ixiii.s. et iii.d. Et in Terris datis prsedictse Emma? 
Eegime xviii.d. in Molendino de Cradelega. E. Q. E. 

Galfridus films Petri . vi.li. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. de Censu Forestse 
de Cnot de tertio anno pneterito quia cognovit se eas recepisse a 
Eoberto de Broch. 

Eobertus de Broch r.c. de vi.li. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. de censu ejusdem 
Forestse de hoc anno. Et de iiii.s. et x.d. de pasnagio ejusdem For- 
estse. In thesauro liberavit in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de iiii.li. de terra de Certelea quae fuit Stephani 
de Bellocampo. In terris datis Henrico de Longocampo iiii.li. in 
prffidicta terra per breve. Eegis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xxi.s. de Wastis et Essartis et Placitis et 
Propresturis Forestae de Staffordscira per Tomam filium Bernardi. 

jErnaldus Presbyter debet i. marc, pro stulto dicto. 

Eicardus Forestarius debet dimid. marc, pro defalta. Alina de 
Durlaveston debet ii. rnarc. pro recto in Curia Eegis de terra de Olnea 
versus Walterum de Chavereswell. 

Eicardus Wagetail debet iiii.s. et viii.d. quia retraxit se. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xxxix.s. et vi.d. de Essartis de Staff oidscira. 

Homines de Novo Castello debent Ixvi.s. et viiid.. pro concelamento. 

De Novis Promissis. 

[enricus filius Eogeri debet xxx.s. pro quadam recognitipne. 
r illata de Scheltona debet vii.d. pro Wasto. 

Villata Novi Castri debet xii.s. et viii.d. pro Defalta. 

Idem Vicecomes debet iiii.li. et xv.s. et i.d. de minutis particulis 
pro essartis. 

De Scutagio Walice. 

Eobertus de .Stafford debet vii.li. et xv.s. de Scutagio pro militibus 
suis. 

Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de ix.li. de firma de Kenefara. Et de 
iiii.s. et x.d. de pasnagio forestae de Kenefara. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



26 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 



Johannes Marescallus debet xlii.s. de veteri firma de Kenefara quos 
cognovit se recepisse sicut annotatur in Eotulo praecedente. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de .viii.d. de Clent hundred pro rnurdro. Et 
de xvii de Pyrhelle hundred pro murdro. Et de x.s. de Tedinga 
Willielmi Meredith. In thesauro liberavit in iii talliis. E. Q. E. 

Ailmerus de Mere debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. Willielnius 
fih'us Estivae debet dimid. marc, pro plegio Gerardi GanselL 

Willielmus de Len debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. 

Robertus films Suein debet dimid. marc, pro plegio Estivae. 

Willielmus filius Alani x. marc, pro plegio nepotis sui. 

Herbertus Juvenis de Lantoni debet xLs. pro habendo judicio suo 
de loquela inter ipsum et Willielmum de Hou. 

Walterus de Witefeld r.c. de viL marc pro habenda Eva de 
Langeford cum terra sua. In thesauro v. marc. Et debet ii. marc. 

Willielmus de Ferrariis filius Comitis de Ferrariis lili. pro fine 
terrae suae. 

Hugo Bardulf c. and x.s. de Scutagio quos Hugo de Chaucumb 
Ballivus suus recognovit se recepisse. 

Petrus Blundus x.s. de eodem Scutagio Waliae. Gervasius 

Painell r.c. de xxiLs. et vLd. de eodem Scutagio. 

Nova Placila et Novce Conventiones per Hugonem et Willielmum 
Coventrensem et Herefordensem Episcopos et Socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes re. de L marc, de Codulveston hundred pro mur- 
dro. In thesauro dimid. marc, et debet dimid. marc. 

Tedinga Bernardi filii Lefwini r.c. de L marc, pro fuga Reginaldi. 
In thesauro dimid. marc. Et debet dimid. marc. 

De His qui totum reddiderunt. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de iiii. marc, et dimid. de minutis misericordiis 
hominum quorum nomina et dobita et causae debitorum annotantur 
in Rotulo praedictorum quern liberaverunt in thesauro. In thesauro 
liberavit in ix. tabliis. E. Q. E. 

Tedinga Eadulphi de Arlea debet dimid. marc, pro fuga Radulphi 
filii Radulphi. 

Nicholas de Buregeston debet dimid. marc, pro nova disseisina. 

Hugo Presbiter debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. 

Ailricus de Witegrave debet dimid marc, pro supersisa. 

Gilbertus de Witegrave debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. 

De N&vis Oblati? per Walterum Rothomagensem Archiepiscopum 
et olios Justiciaries. 

Ranulphus de Peritona r.c. de ii marc, pro relevio suo. In thes- 



ROLL OF 5 RICHARD I. (1192-1193). 27 

auro i. marc, et debet i. niarc. Herveius Bagot cc. marc, pro ha- 
benda Baronia Eoberti de Stafford quse est hereditas uxoris 
ipsius Herrvei qusp fuit soror praedicti Koberti. 

Extract from the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll of 5 Ric. I. 
Hugh, Bishop of Coventry, Sheriff, Gilbert de Segrave and Reginald 

Basset acting for him. 
De oblatis curicc in Legrecestrescira. 

Eudo Martel debet Ix. marc, pro habenda rationabili parte sua 
quse eum contingit de hereditate matris suse versus Willebnura 
de Belmes filium Alani de la Zuche. 

De placitis Galfridi filii Petri. 
Robertus Franceis debet xl.s. pro falso clamore. 
Yvo de Waleton debet dimid. marc, pro defalta. 
Willelmus de Morton debet dimid. marc, pro defalta. 

Extract from the Oxfordshiie Pipe-Roll of 5 Ric. I 

De Scutagio Wallie. 

Henricus de Oilli reddit compotum de xx.s. de Scutagio Eoberti 
de Stafford in feodis de Tiwa et de Stuntefeld. In thesauro libef- 
avit. Et quietus est. 

Paganus de Paries debet x.s. in Rollendricht de scutagio set 
debent requiri a Widone de Diva qui eos recepit. 

Hilda de Gay debet x.s. de eodem scutagio in Nordebroch. 
Ricardus de Stratton debet v.s. de eodem scutagio in feodis de Welebi. 

De placitis Hugonis Bardulf et sociorum ejus. 
Juliana de Paries reddit compotum de dimid. marc, pro placito 
de laico feodo in capitulo. In thesauro liberavit et quieta est. 

De placitis Godfridi. Wintonensis Episcopi et sooii/rum ejus 
Eicardus de Stratton debet v. marc, pro defalta. 

Extract from the Buckinghamshire Pipe-Roll of 5 Ric. I. 

(Willelmus Eufus Vicecomes.) 

De placitis per Galfridum filium Petri et sccios suos. 
Willelmus Basset de Draitun debet dimid. marc, quia non habuit 
lem plegiavit. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 5 RICHARD I. (MICHAELMAS, 1193). 

THE FERM OF STAFFORDSHIRE for this year seems to have been 
as usual, 140 blanche. 

ET EMM^E EEGIN^E UXORI DAVID, &c. About Easter, 1193, as I 
infer, King Eichard's aunt, Queen Emma, had surrendered her 
manor of Hales, whose reputed fiscal value was 17 6s. 8d. per 
annum. The King was then a prisoner in Germany, but was in 






28 THE' STAFFORDSHIRE' PIPE ROLLS. 

occasional correspondence with the English Government, ' The 
Sheriff of Staffordshire was ordered to make out for Queen Emma 
an annual revenue of lands to the amount of 22 6s. 8d., that is 
17 6s. 8d. in lieu of Hales and 5 in addition (de cremento). The 
Sheriff charged 19 17s. of this revenue on the King's manors of 
Alrewas, Tettenhall, Eing-Swinford, and Clent, all of which were in 
the Firma Comitattis. He charged 2 6s. 8d. on the ferms of 
Brome "and Rowley Regis, and three shillings on the issues of 
Cradley Mill, all of which revenues were the King's, and were 
receivable by the Sheriff, but not as Fermor of the County. If we 
look at the several parts of this Pipe-Roll, we shall find that one 
half of each item of Queen Emma's rent-charge was paid to her 
within the first six months of its endurance, and that the Sheriff 
took corresponding credits with the Treasury. 'The grant was not 
absolute, but " quamdiu Regi placuit " a novel expression, on the 
Staffordshire Pipe-Rolls at least. 

Page 25. Geoffrey fitz Piers, who, two years back, had received 
the Census of Cannock Eorest from Robert de Broch, so received it 
as Justice of the Forest. 

The Justiciars who had visited Staffordshire, Shropshire, War- 
wickshire, and other counties during the fiscal year now ended were 
Hugh de Novant, Bishop of Coventry, William de Vere ? Bishop of 
Hereford, William Marshall, Richard de Peche (Pecco), and Master 
Robert of Shrewsbury. 

THE NOVA OBLATA, by Walter, Archbishop of Rouen, and other 
Justices, indicate no provincial Eyre. The two Fines which follow 
had been negotiated by the Curia Regis, and in London. The Arch- 
bishop, then in alliance with Comte John, and supported by King 
Richard's instructions, had deposed the Viceroy, Longchamp, from 
the 'Chief Justiceship two years before (Oct. 9th, 1191). Since then 
the. Archbishop of Rouen seems to have been Chief Justice. When, 
about this time (Sept. 1193), the Queen-mother and the Archbishop 
of Canterbury (Hubert) visited the captive King in Germany, the 
King appointed Hubert to the Chief Justiceship. 

Ranulf de Perton's Fine was in succession to his deceased father, 
late tenant.-in-capite of the Staffordshire Manor of Perton. 

Hervey Bagot's Fine- assures us of the death of another Crusader, 
Robert de Stafford, who, as we have seen, went in 1190. He died 
at a place and time unknown. He was the last Baron of the elder 
line. His sole heir was his sister Milicent, already the wife of 
Hervey Bagot. The marriage had probably been consummated at 



EOI^L OF 5 RICHARD I. (1192-1193). . 29 

or about the time of Robert de Stafford's departure for the East. 
Hervey Bagot's oblatum was double that usually exacted in case of 
an ordinary succession. King Richard, on his return to England, 
increased it still further. 

Warwickshire and Leicestershire Roll of 5 Ric. I. Eudo Martel's 
Fine was evidently in contemplation of a large aggrandisement. 
Instalments of the said Fine were paid in 6, 7, and 8 Ric. 1., the last 
completing the required sum. The Defendant, William de Belmeis, 
better known as William la Zouche, was the eldest of three sons of 
Alan la Zouche, by Adelicia, hitherto (see Antiquities of Shropshire 
II. 208) supposed to have been sole .heir of the Barons Belmeis, of 
Ton'g (Shropshire), who were also Mesne-Lords of Blymhill, Brinton, 
andWilbrighton (Staffordshire), (see Staffordshire Collections 1. 176.) 

William la Zouche had hereditaments in many other counties ; 
for. instance, in Devon, Sussex, Cambridgeshire, and Leicestershire, 
where his name is still remembered in Ashby-de-la-Zouche. On 
what estates and on what facts Eudo Martel's claim was founded I 
have no evidence. Possibly the mothers of the two present litigants 
were sisters. If so, Adelicia de Belmeis was not the sole heiress of 
the Belmeis Barons. 

Another possible hint towards the solution of this genealogical 
senigma may exist in the appearance that Anno Domini, 1166, 
Ranulf de Belmeis, of Tong, and Geoffrey Martel each had a mesne 
interest in the Staffordshire manor of Wilbrighton. (See the argu- 
ment on this point, Staffordshire Collections I. 169.) 

The place here written " Welebi," stands in the Roll of 4 Ric. I. 
as "Wolebire," and in the Roll of 6 Ric. I. as " Weleb'iri." In 
Domesday it is spelt " Galoberie ;" in Records of the 13th century 
as " Yelebi " and as " Youlburie." Such changes are according to a 
very common type. The Manor seems afterwards to have been 
associated with Bleechesdon (i.e., Blechington in Oxfordshire.) She 
old name, probably, survives in " Ilbury." 

The .mention of William Basset, " of Drayton," at this period is 
either a mistake or corrective of a much wider mistake. Erdeswick 
talks of the whole male line of Basset of Drayton, as consisting of 
seven Ralphs, each, except the first, an elder son. 



30 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 6 EIC. I. (1193-1194). 

Hugo Episcopus Coventrensis. (sic.) Hugo de Chaucumba r.c. 
de firma de Staffordscira de dimidio anno. 

In thesauro xxxvii.ll. et xvi.s. et vi. bl. 

Et in Elemosinis constitutis Militibus de Templo i. marc, de anno 
ititegro. Et in liberatione constitute!, Canonicis de Laentoni iii.s. et 
iiiid. ad custodiam Domorum Eegis de Cnot de dimidio anno. Et 
x. servientibus peditibus iiii.li. et xi.s. et iii.d. ad custodiam patriae 
pro malefactoribus. Et in terris datis Monachis de Bordeslega c.s. 
bl. in Terdebigga de dimidio anno. 

Et Willielmo de Herovilla xxx.s. bl. in Wodnesberia. 

Et Militibus de Templo xx.s. et xx.d. bl. in Kiel de dimidio anno. 
Et in pastura quam Eex concessit Johanni Extraneo iiii.s. et iiii.d. 
de dimidio anno. Et in Wasto ForesUe de Schethelle iiii.s. et vi.d. 
de dimidio anno. 

Et Philippo de Stapleton ii. marc, ad robam emendam quia duxit 
servientes apud Salopesberiam ad eundum in Waliam ad servitium 
Eegis per breve Archiepiscopi Cantuariensis. Et Elie de ^Etinge- 
ham ii. marc, ad robam emendam quia duxit servientes de Salopescira 
apud Salopesberiam in servitio Eegis in Waliam per breve Archie- 
piscopi Cantuariensis. Et in reparatione stagni vivarii de Nbvo 
Castro sub Lima iiii.li. et xvii.s. per breve Eegis et per visum Gilberti 
etOrmi. Et in emendatione Domorum Eegis in Novo Castro xxxiiii.s. 
et iiii.d. per idem breve et per visum praedictorum. 

Et in custamento ducendi xxvii. prisones a Stafford ad Lichefeld. 
Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis xxiii.s. de dimidio anno. Et in 
emendatione Gaiolse de Stafford x.s. per breve Eegis. Et debet 
viii.li. et xiiii.s. et ii.d. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In thesauro 
Ixxiiii.s. et ii.d. et debet c.s. bl. 

De Propresturis et Excaetis. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiii.s. et iiii.d. (corrected in oriy., xvi.s. 
et viii.d.) de firma de Brom. Et de dimidia marca de firma de 
Eoelega de dimidio anno. In thesauro liberavit' in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes c. marc, pro habendo comitatu ad antiquam 
firmam quamdiu Eegi placuerit. 

Hugo Episcopus Coventrensis debet xvi.s. et viii.d. de firma de 
Brom. Et dimid. marc, de Eoelega de dimidio anno. In th'ro lib. 
in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxx.s. de Cremento 
Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de xviiLd. de exitu Molendini de 
Cradelega de dimidio anno. In thesauro liberavit in ii. talliis. 






ROLL OF 6 RICHARD I. (1193-1194) 31 

E. Q. E. Hugo Episcopus Coventrensis debet xxx.s. de Cremento 
Novi Fori de Trentham de dimidio anno. Et de xviii.d de exitu 
Molendini de Cradelega de dimidio anno. 

Galfridus filius Petri debet vi.li. et xiiiLs. et iiii.d. de censu 
Forestse de Cnot de quarto anno praeterito quia cognovit se eas 
recepisse a Eoberto de Broch. Robertus de Broch debet lxvi.s. et 
viiid. de censn praedictae Forestae de dimidio anno. Et de pasnagio 
ejusdem Forestae (sic). 

Idem Vicecomes debet xxi.s. de Wastis et Essartis et Placitis et 
Propresturis Forestse de Staffordscira per Tomam filium Bernardi. 

^Ernaldus Presbyter debet i. marc, pro stulto dicto. Ricardus 
Forestarius debet dimid. marc, pro Defalta. Alina de Durlavestona 
debet ii. marc, pro recto in Curia Regis de terra de Olnea versus 
Walterum de Chavereswelle. Ricardus Wagetail debet iiii.s. et 
viii.d. quia retraxit se. Idem Vicecomes debet xxxix.s. et vi.d. de 
Essartis de Staffordscira. Homines de Novo Castello debent lxvi.s. 

et viii.d. pro concelamento. 

De Promissis. 

Henricus filius Rogeri r.c. de xxx.s. pro quadam recognitione. Jn 
thesauro x.s. Et debet xx.3. Villata de Scheltona r.c. de vii.d. pro 
Wasto. In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. Villata Novi Castelli 
debet xii.s. et viii.d. pro Defalta. Idem Vipecomes debet iiii.li. et 
xv.s. et i.d. de minutis particulis pro Essartis. 
De Scutagio Walice. 

Herveius Bagot debet vii.li. et xv.s. de Scutagio pro militibus suis. 

Galfridus filius Petri debet ix.li. de firma de Kenefara. Et de 
(sic) de Pasnagio Forestae de Kenefara. Willielmus Marescallus 
debet' xliis. de veteri firma de Kenefara pro Johanne Marescallo 
fratre suo quos idem Johannes cognovit se recepisse sicut con- 
tinetur in Rotulo Regis Ricardi quarto. Ailmerus de Mere r.c. de 
dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. In thesauro vi.d. ( et debet vi.s. et 
ii.d. Willielmus filius Estive debet dimid. marc, pro plegio Gerardi 
Gansell. Willielmus de Len debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. 
Robertus filius Suein debet dimid. marc, pro plegio Estivae. Williel- 
mus filius Alani debet x. marc, pro plegio nepotis sui. Sed 
summonendus est in Salopescira. Herbertus Juvenis de Lantoni 
debet xl.s. pro habendo judicio suo de loquela inter ipsum et Wil- 
lielmum de Hou. Sed summonendus est in Lestrescira. Walterus 
de Witefeld r.c. de ii. marc, pro habenda Eva de Langeford cum 
terra sua. In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. Willielmus de Ferrariis 
filius Coinitis de Ferrariis r.c. de Li.li. pro fine terne suit-. In thes- 



32 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

auro xxxiii.ll. Et debet xviii.li. Hugo Bardulf debet c. et x.s. de 
Scutagio quos Hugo de Chaucumba Ballivus suus cognovit se 
recepisse. Petrus Blundus debet x.s. de eodem Scutagio Walire. 
De placitis ffugoms et Willielmi Coventrensis et Herefordcnsis 
Episcoporum et sociorum suorum. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dimid. marc, de Codulvestan hundred pro 
murdro. In thesauro xli:d. et debet v.s. et viii.d.. Tedinga Bernard! 
iilii Lef wini r.c. de dimid. marc, pro f uga Eeginaldi. In thesauro 
xii.d. Et debet v.s. et viii.d. Tedinga Eadulphi de Aclea r.c. de 
dimid. marc, pro fuga Eadulphi filii. Eadulphi. In thesauro -vi.d. 
Et debet vi.s. et ii.d. Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dimid. marc, de Nicolao 
de Buregestona pro nova disseisina. Et de dimid. marc, de Hugone 
Pfesbytero pro eodem. In thesauro liberavit in ii. talliis. E. Q ; E. 
Ailricus de Witegrava r.c. de dimid. marc, pro supersisa. In thes- 
a'uro ii.s. et vi.d. Et debet iiii.s. et ii.d. Gilbertus de Witegrava r.c. 
de dim. marc, pro eadem. In th'ro xviii.d. Et debet v.s. et ii.d. 

De Ollatis per W. Archiepiscopum Rothcmagensem. Banulphus 
de Piriton& r.c. de i. marc, pro Eelevio suo. In thesauro liberavit. 
E. Q. .E. 

De Finibus factis post Reditum Regis db Allemania. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de ccc. marc, pro habendU Baronia Eoberti de 
Stafford quse est hereditas uxoris ipsius Hervei quse fuit soror 
prsedicti Eoberti, computatis in fine isto cc. marc, quos autea pro- 
miserat Waltero Eothomagensi Archiepiscopo pro eadem hereditate. 
In thesauro xl. marc, per manum Willielmi filii Wimari scilicet de 
firma Molendinbrum de Stafford de iiii annis quae ipse Willielmus 
tenet de ipso Herveio per x. marc, per annum. Et debet cc.lx. marc. 
Sed redd it cornpotum infra. 

Willielmus films Wimarchi r.c. de c.s. pro habenda saisina de 
molendino de Stafford secundum cartas suas sicut habuit die qua 
Eobertus de Stafford abiit Jerusalem. In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Petrus de Broch debet xx.li. per annum pro terra quse fuit Eoberti 
del Broch et forestaria de Cnot tenenda ad firmam quamdiu Eex 
volucrit. Sed non debet respondere hoc anno nisi de x.li. quos debet 
de dimidio anno. 

Willielmus de Paries debet xxiiii. marcas pro habenda custodia 
terras qme fuit Willielmi de Eushala. cum herede ipsius donee 
aetatem habeat. 

Gilbertus Pechet debet 'xx.s. pro habenda plenaria saisina de 
libero tenemento suo in Lichefeld quod disrationavit in curia 
Eegis versus Episcopum Coventrensem, 



ROLL OF 6 KICHARD I. (1193-1194) 33 

Reginaldus de Puteo debet x. marc, pro habenda terra quam Domi- 
nus Rex Pater dedit patri ipsius Eeginaldi in Villa de Ruggelega. 

Walterus de Witefeld deb. r.c. de x. marcis pro habenda pace de 
hoc quod Eva uxor sua dicebat se maritasse ei sine asensu Regis 
et pro habendis terris suis quae propter hoc captae fuerunt in manu 
Domini Regis. In thesauro lib. E. Q. E. 

IWillielmus de Samford debet i. marc, pro habenda assisa de nov& 
disseisina versus Episcopum Coventrise de libero tenemento suo in 
Hendesacra et Licheffelde. 
Hugo filius Petri debet xxxvi. marc, pro habenda custodia terras 
et heredis quae fuit Willielmi de Rushala quae est de feodo ipsius 
Hugonis. 

De Scut agio ad Redemptionem Domini Regis. 
Episcopus Cestrerisis debet xv.li. de Scutagio Militum suorum. 
Sed Hugo Pipard respondet infra de eodem Scutagio. 
Radulphus de Sumeri r.c. de l.li. de Scutagio feodi Gervasii 
Painell. In th'ro vii.li. et x.d. Et debet xlii.li. et xix.s. et ii.d. 
Thomas de Verdun debet xx.s. de Scutagio. 
Herveius Bagot r.c. de Ix.li. de Scutagio. In th'ro (sic). 
Idem Vicecomes reddidit in th'ro xLs. de Scutagio Hugonis Pan- 
tulf in hoc comitatu. Et vi.s. et viii.d. de Scutagio Henrici de Oilli 

fin hoc comitatu. 
Comes de Ferrariis habet quietantiam per breve Regis de Scutagio 
suo in hoc comitatu. 

Willielmus de Braiose habet quietantiam Scutagii sui per Regem. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de cclx. marc, pro habenda Baronia Roberti 
de Stafford quae est hereditas uxoris ipsius Herveii quae fuit soror 
praedicti Roberti computatis in fine isto cc. marcis quas antea pro- 
miserat W. Archiepiscopo Rothomagi pro eadem hereditate. In th'ro 

et liii.li. et vi.s. et viii.d. Et Ricardo del Pech xx.li. ad custodien- 
dum castellum de Bolesoura per breve Regis. E. Q. E. 

(On the same membrane of the Roll.) 

Hugo Pipard reddit compotum de c. et xxxvi.li. et xix.d. (sic) de 
irma et exitibus maneriorum Episcopates Conventrensis de dimidio 
anno. In thesauro liberavit in xix talliis et quietus est. Idem 
reddit compotum de xii d. pro espuario soro de servitio Roberti filii 
Walteri. In thesauro liberavit et quietus est. 

(On another membrane, Jieaded as follows,) 

Rotulns escaetarum et wardarum de quibus Hugo Bardulf respondet. 
Idem Hugo reddit compotum de vi.s. et ii.d. de firma terras quae 
r uit Ricardi de Albredeston de dimidio anno et -de v.s. et iiii.d. de 
D 



34 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

redditu Eicardi de Aluredeston in Hylle de anno integro. Et de 
xxxv.s. de redditu Willielmi Basset in Chedele de dimidio anno, et 
de xlvi.s. de redditu terra? Eicardi de Vernun in Erlaveston de 
dimidio anno, et de xiii.s. et iiii.d. de catallis ejusdem Eicardi ven- 
ditis in Erlaveston. Summa c. et v.s. et x.d. In th'ro lib. in v. talliis 
et quietus est. 

Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll of 6 Ric. I. 

Vicecomes r.c. de ix.li. et xi.s. et v.d. de catallis Eoberti del Broc 

venditis. 

From the Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire Roll of 6 Ric. 1. 

Nova OUata per Arcliiepiscopum Cantuariensem. 
Simon Basset reddit compotum de c. marc, pro habenda terra 
Ricardi de Vernun quam cepit cum uxore sua qua? terra fuit here- 
ditas uxoris predict! Simonis. In thesauro l.li. et debet xvili. et 
i. marc. Thomas de Verdun debet ccc. marc, pro habendis terris et 
castello patris sui. 

From the Oxfordshire Pipe-Roll of 6 Ric. I. 

Alina de Duston debet cc. marc, pro habenda dote sua et maritagio 
sed r.c. in Norhamtescira. 

From the Notts and Derby Pipe-Roll of 6 Ric. I. 
Nova OUata post redditum Regis db Alemannid. 
Alicia de Duston debet cc. marc, pro habenda dote sua et maritagio 
sed reddit compotum in Norhantescira. 

Gilbertus Basset r.c. de c.li. pro filia sua maritanda Tome de Ver- 
dun. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

From the Northamptonshire Pipe-Roll of 6 Ric. I. 

De Promissis. 

Petrus filius Eadulphi et Alizia de Duston uxor ejus et Willielmus 
filius Alizia? reddunt compotum de cc. marc, pro habendis villis de 
Wichlea et de Duston cum pertinentiis sicut jus suum, computatis 
in fine isto c. et xl. marc, quas antea dederant pro recognitione 
villa? de Wichlea de saisina patris sui et fratris sui. In th'ro c. 
marc, et debent c. marc. 

From the Salop Pipe-Roll of 6 Rie. I. 
Nova Placita et Novce Coitventiones de novis oblatis post adventum 

Regis ab Alemannid. 

Tomas filius Eogeri r.c. de v. marc, pro habendo redditu xvi. soli- 

dorum et i. nisi per annum de terra de Widitona quam tenet de Eege 

in capite per serjanteriam inveniendi i. militem ad conducendos Wa- 

lenses de Powis ad curiam Eegis. In th'ro liberavit et quietus est. 

Adam de Besin reddit compotum de v. marc, pro habenda pace 






ROLL OF 6 RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 35 

de hoc quod duxit Mabiliam Extraneam de Burgardeslega in uxorem 
sine licencia Eegis et pro terra sua de Salopescira habenda in pace. 
In th'ro liberavit et quietus est. 

Indorsement on the Oxfordshire Pipe-Roll of 6 Ric. I. 

Willielmus Comes de Ferrariis Willielmus de Redewal pro eo 
reddit compotum de firma et exitibus de Notingeham et Derbiscira 

de vii. septimanis quibus tenuit comitatus 

et v.s. et ix.d. bl. de firma de Mamefeld. Et 
de iiii.li. et xvii.s. et iii.d. blanc. de firma de Cestrefeld et de Wurm 
. Et de xxvi.li. blanc. de . . . . . 

. . . . de Carleton juxta 

Blida. Et de lxvi.s. et vi.d. blanc. de firm! de Edenestowa. Et de 
xviii.li. et x.s. et vi.d. blanc. de firma de Oswardebech 

de firma de Stienton. 

Summa quarter xx. et x.li. et xvis. et viii.d. blanc. quod est exten- 
sum quater xx. et xv.li. et vii. s. et v.d. numero. In thesauro 

Idem r.c. de iiii.li. et ix.s. et 
ix.d. de remanenti firmse Comitatus. Et de xxxviii.s. numero de 

firma de Clypeston. Et de 

de Bukewell de honore Willelnii Peverelli. Et de vi.li. numero de 
firma de Cliston de eodem honore et de xxxiii.s. et viiid. de 

Et de xi.s. de exitu de 
amercota terra . . . Rogeri Et de xvi.s. de Hukenh 

Etde 

de catallis inimicorum Eegis 
venditis. Summa c. et vi.li. et . . s. et iiii.d. 

Rogero carpentario et sociis suis xlv.s. de 



xxvi. mi- 
litibus apud Derebi de xv. diebus xxvi. .... 



Et in liberatione Ixvii. militibus apud N 

'about twelve more, lines quite illegible except the words) " ad defensam 
irbalestariorum " (near the end). 






36 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 6 RICHARD I. (MICHAELMAS, 1194). 

King Eichard, ransomed from his German prison, landed at 
Sandwich on March 20th, 1194. At Easter (April 10th) following, 
Hugh de Novant, Bishop of Coventry, vacated the Shrievalty of 
Staffordshire. He had already lost the Shrievalty of Warwickshire 
and Leicestershire. 

According to ordinary routine, this year's Pipe-Eoll should have 
commenced with the Bishop's account of his half-year's ferm of 
Staffordshire, viz., of 70 blancJie. That account was not forthcoming, 
so there is a dead blank after the insertion of his name on the Roll. 
The Bishop's account for the said half-year will be found in the 
Pipe-Eoll of King Eichard's seventh year. 

Hugh de Chaucumbe, the Bishop's successor as Sheriff of Staf- 
fordshire, paid 100 merks for the post, and was to hold it during 
the King's pleasure a curious state of things, for so often as the 
King chose to change a Sheriff so often a new Fine accrued to the 
Treasury. 

Hugh de Chaucumbe's account for his half-year of office is 
exactly of 70 blanche. In other words, 54 2s. 4d. blanche 
16 14s. 5d. numero 16s. 9d. (or 5 per cent, on the said 16 14s. 5d.) 
= 70 blanche. 

It will be observed that Hugh de Chaucumbe paid one merk, or 
the whole .year's almoign ,to the Templars. His predecessor had 
left the half thereof unpaid. The Bishop's account will show in 
due course that he did not pretend to have paid it. 

PHILIP DE STAPLETON ET HELIAS DE ATTINGHAM. These entries 
are connected with history. In September, 1193, Queen Eleanor 
and Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury, had visited the captive 
King in Germany. The King had there and then appointed 
Hubert to be " Justiciar," that is,, during the King's further absence, 
Viceroy of England. Walter de Coutances, Archbishop of Eouen, 
the previous .Viceroy, was thus released for another sphere of royal, 
duty. The levies raised in Shropshire " for service in Wales," 
by order of the Viceroy Hubert, and led- by Sir Philip de Staple- 
ton and Helias de Attingham, were probably raised in precaution, 
and operated only on the bo.rder. The rich uniforms, provided by 
the Sheriff of Staffordshire for the two officers, seem to indicate 
some superiority of the looms of Staffordshire. Helias de Atting- 
ham's salary of fourpence per day was contemporarily supplied by 
the Sheriff of Shropshire. 



ROLL OF 6 RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 3.7 

Only one Staffordshire garrison was in this year maintained by 
the Crown. Comte John's machinations had ceased, what time 
he received the memorable warning of his French accomplice as to 
Eichard's release. Stafford Gaol seems still to have been in request. 
Agrarian crime was, as usual, rife in sequel of civil commotion. ' 

The Sheriff closes his Firma Comitat'As with a debt of 5 blanc. 
We shall see how, next year, he replaces it by a payment of 
5 5s. numero, the usual difference of value between blanche money 
and current coin being again recognised as five per cent. 

.^ William and John Marshall were not Staffordshire men. John 
was Marshall of England and a Baron. He died in 1199, leaving 
no issue. His brother William succeeded to his Barony, and 
marrying Isabel, daughter and sole heir of Richard de Clare, Earl 
of Strigoil, the conqueror of Ireland, transmitted to his heirs the 
said Earldom of Strigoil, and a moiety of the Honour of Earl Giffard. 

William fitz Alan's debt, " pro plegio nepotis sui," was to be 
looked up by the Sheriff of Shropshire. It is entered on the Shrop- 
shire Eoll of 8 Eichard I. as having been previously demanded in 
Staffordshire. Ultimately it vanishes from the Eolls without any 
sign of payment or acquittance. 

OF FINES SINCE THE KING'S RETURN FROM ALMAGNE. 

These fines were negotiated between March 20th, and September 
29th, 1194. 

Harvey Bagot's Oblatum of the last year was of 200 merks for 
the Barony of Stafford, and was proffered to the Archbishop of 
' Rouen as Viceroy. Bagot had now proffered 300 merks for the 
same premises, and this new Oblatum, being accepted by the King 
became a Fine. Bagot's first instalment of forty inerks was four 
years' accrued rent of Stafford Mill, due to the estate of the late 
Robert de Stafford, from William Wymer, tenant of the Mill, when 
Eobert de Stafford went to the East. 

Reference should be made to a former page (Staff. Collect. I. 40, 
41) and. a former year (A.D. 1165) for the earliest notice we have 
of Stafford Mill. Its erection (for there was then only one Mill) 
by the burgesses, being deemed a pourpresture on the Crown, sub- 
jected them to a fee farm rent of 1 2s. 6d. per annum. In 1166, 
this fee-farm rent was raised to 2, and in 1168 to 2 5s. So 
it remained till Easter, 1173, when (Collect. I. 69) this Crown-due 
vanished, for some untold reason, from the Sheriffs annual account^. 
It would seem that the Mill, or rather the right of Multure in the 
town of Stafford, which right might of course tend to the erection 



38 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

of many mills, was at this time (A.D. 1173) sold or given to Eobert 
de Stafford (II.), the King retaining no service thereon, and the 
Sheriff retaining no concern therewith. When, in 1190, Eobert de 
Stafford (III.) went on the Crusade, the Stafford Mills were held 
under him by William Wymer, at a rent of ten mefks (6 13s. 4d.) 
per annum. The arrears of this rent were the first available asset 
towards Hervey Bagot's completing his thirty-fold fine for livery of 
his wife's inheritance. 

But, again, when news of Eobert de Stafford's death reached 
England, his whole estate was seized into the hands of the Viceroy. 
Thus William Wymer's Fine for renewal of his lease, which he must 
needs make with his suzerain's successor, was made with the Crown 
before Harvey Bagot had sued out his livery. 

Peter de Broch'sFine is not a simple Fine. He proffers an annuity 
of 20 per annum for the land of Eobert del Broch, and for the 
Forestership of Cannock, to be held at that ferm so long as the King 
shall permit. Eobert del Broch seems thus to quit office about 
Easter, 11 94, so that at Michaelmas only 10 of the proffered ferm was 
due. This matter will recur. Peter de Broch was not Eobert's heir. 

William de Paries' Fine is for a wardship, which seems ordi- 
narily to have pertained to the Barony of Dudley, or to one of the 
Knights of the said Honour. The reason why he fined with the 
Crown probably was that the said Barony was in manu Regis. AVt; 
shall see that the Fine was eventually abortive. 

Eeginald de Well (Puteo) may have been the son of Eoger de 
Wells (Puteis). We have no actual proof that Eoger was Grantee of 
Henry II. in Eugeley. He grievously offended the said King in 
matters of the Forest (Staff. Collect. I., 79, 86, 89, 92, 95). 

Walter de Whitfield's Fine is explained Staff. Collect. I., 205. 

. William de Samford, who charges the Bishop with having 
disseized him of a tenement in Handsacre, was probably the same 
with William de Sanford, whose suit de recto against Eobert de 
Tamenhorn was noticed in the later Eolls of Henry II.'s time 
(Staff. Collect. I., 126, 129, 136, 140). 

Hugh fitz Peter's Fine was counter to the Fine of William de 
Paries. It was greater in amount ; moreover, he alleged the ward- 
ship, which he sought, to be of his fee. In other words, Hugh, son 
of Peter de Birmingham, was mesne-lord between the late Gervase 
Paynell, of Dudley, and the late William de Eushale. 

THE SCUTAGE FOR KING EICHARD'S EEDEMPTION was probably 
put in charge late in the autumn of 1193, and on the return of the 



ROLL OF S3 RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 39 

Viceroy Hubert from visiting the King in Germany. The sum, 
stipulated for by the Germans, was 150,000 merks (100,000), of 
which 100,000 merks were, or were to be, paid before the King was 
liberated. After paying the final instalment of 10,000 merks in 
Germany, Walter, Archbishop of Eouen, returned to England. He 
was present in St. Paul's Church on Ascension Day (May 19th), 
1194, and, on the morrow, followed King Eichard into Normandy, 
whither the King had gone, embarking, on May 12th, at Portsmouth. 

THE BISHOP OF CHESTER'S Scutage was 15. Hugh Pipard was 
accountable for it. The fact now creeps out. Bishop Hugh lost 
the Shrievalty of Staffordshire and the Temporalities of his See 
about Easter, 1194, and Hugh Pipard, as Escheator, took custody of 
the latter. 

THE LATE GERVASE PAYNEL'S quota of Scutage was 50. Ealph 
' de Sumeri was his heir, and accounts for the same. 

THOMAS DE VERDUN was eldest son and heir of Bertram de Ver- 
don, who had died in the East. His quota of Scutage was 1. It was 
proportioned to one knight's-fee. Hereby he held Alton in capite. 

HERVEY BAGOT'S fifty fees, constituting the Barony of Stafford, 
were duly assessed at 50. As yet, and with the Incubus of his 
Fine for livery upon him, he had paid nothing towards the Scutage. 

But Hervey Bagot had completed his Fine for livery. What with 
forty merks paid above, and 230 merks (153 6s. Sd.) paid now into 
the Treasury, and thirty merks (20) paid by the King's order to 
Eichard del Pech, for custody ot the (King's) Castle of Bolesover, 
the tale of 300 merks was told, and Hervey Bagot had his 
"quietus." It will be seen that to raise this mone} r he had recourse 
to the Jews. 

HUGH PIPARD'S account is of the half-year's receipts from the 
escheated ferms of the Bishop of Coventry's manors ; those, pro- 
bably, which the Bishop held in demesne or leased to non-military 
tenants. One tenant held by service of a sore sparrow-hawk. This 
rent the Escheator also received, and rendered up to the Treasury. 

HUGH BARDULF, another Escheator, receiving the rents of Eichard 
de Alston, was taking the King's term in the estates of an outlaw 
who had been hanged. He had also received rents and ferms, such 
as I conceive might fall to the Crown by the accident of some 
capital Honours being or having recently been in manu Regis. Thus, 
for instance, William Basset, of Sapcote, was a tenant in the Honour 
of Stafford. Eichard de Vernon, too, had held Harlaston, perhaps 
of the Earls Ferrers, but he had apparently been outlawed, a circurn- 



40 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

stance which would give his chattels at Harlaston and at least a 
year's possession of his estates to the Crown even had the Honour 
of Ferrers itself been under no escheat. 

IN WARWICKSHIRE, too, the sale of Eobert del Broch's chattels 
adds to the previous evidence of his death the further note of his 
outlawry. He had been Censor of Cannock Forest since Michael- 
mas, 1174. More is told of him elsewhere. (See Staff. Collect. L, 185.) 

UNDER BUCKS AND BEDFORDSHIRE we have evidence that Eichard 
de Vernon's inheritance passed, by his outlawry, to a female the 
wife of Simon Basset. However, if the first line of Vernon of 
Harlaston, thus expired, we are sure that Harlaston eventually de- 
volved on others of the Vernon name. The magnitude of Simon 
Bassett's Fine, and its acceptance by the Crown, indicate an occasion 
of much importance, not, so far as I know, yet examined by 
genealogists. 

This entry gives us Archbishop Hubert as again Viceroy. He 
became so as soon as the King quitted England. 

THOMAS DE VERDON'S Fine for livery (300 merks) seems out- 
ragiously extortionate. The sons of those who had perished in the 
Crusade did not necessarily get kindly consideration from the King 
or his Viceroy. But money, money, was still Eichard's object. He 
was bent on humiliating Philip of France, at whatever cost to al- 
ready pauperized England. It might have been otherwise if the 
French King had accepted Eichard's challenge to mortal combat, 
tendered at this very epoch. 

ALINA, alias ALIZIA DE DUSTON, spoken, of in the Oxfordshire, 
the Notts, and Derby, and the Northamptonshire Pipe-Eolls, seems 
to have been widow of Walcheline and mother of William de 
Duston when she remarried with Peter fitz Ealph. Duston (North- 
ants) was two knight's fees, held of the Escheat of Peverel of 
Nottingham, and it clearly descended to William de Duston, Alina's 
son. Their joint claim for the whole of Dustou consisted, on her 
and her present husband's part, of a claim for dower, on her son's 
part, of a claim of inheritance. 

Wichlea, on the other hand (supposed to be Weekley), will have 
been Alina de Duston's maritagium, for it had been of the seizin of 
her father and brother. The question here is not so much as to 
Wichlea, it is rather as to who Alizia de Duston's father and brother 
were. Erdeswick, calling her Joan, says that she was one of the 
daughters and coheirs of Thomas Noel. This is a great mistake, 
and it has been persisted in by later genealogists. Joan Noel married 



ROLL OF G RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 41 

Thomas fitz Eustace, about the year 1201. Her elder sister (she had 
only one sister) married William de Harcourt, about the same time. 
(See Antiquities of Shropshire, III., 142.) Erdeswick's fallacy has 
been fortified by the phenomenon that many Staffordshire estates, 
once held by Thomas Noel, were afterwards held by the descendants 
of William de Duston. But the phenomenon, when examined, 
shows that these Dustons did not hold their Staffordshire estates as 
coheirs of Noel, but under one of the coheirs of Noel, that is, under 
I )e Harcourt. 

It is impossible that Alina, alias Alicia, de Duston can have been 
identical with either of Thomas Noel's daughters. Yet is is certain 
(see Erdeswick 137 note) that Thomas Noel made grants in Ranton 
and Billington to William de Duston. 

Taking all the evidences together/which I have as yet met with,they 
suggest that Alina, alias Alizia, de Duston was indeed the same with 
Alice Noel, but that this Alice Noel was the sister of Thomas Noel 
and the daughter of Eobert Noel, and that she was Aunt of Thomas 
Noel's elder daughter and coheir another Alice. 

GILBERT BASSET'S Fine will require attention in the sequel. 

THOMAS FITZ ROGER'S appearance in the Shropshire Pipe-Roll of 
this year has been explained elsewhere (Antiquites of Shropshire ut 
supra p. 34.) The contemporary appearance of his brother, Henry 
h'tz Roger, on the Staffordshire Roll is probably relevant to some other 
question than that of primogeniture. 

ADAM DE BEYSIN'S Fine has been discussed elsewhere (Antiquities 
of Shropshire, II., 7). .The genealogical points on which it bears, 
concern families which were also interested in Staffordshire estates. 

Notes on the Extract from the Pipe-Roll of 6 Hie. I. wider Oxfordshire. 

On the Notts, and Derby Pipe-Roll of 6 Ric. 1., the Sheriff, ac- 
counting for the fenn of Clypeston, states : " Et debet xl.s. qui 
requireudi sunt a Comite de Ferrariis ut Vicecomes dicit. Et idem 
Comes reddit compotum infra in dorso post Oxinfordscira." 

^Uso, in accounting for the ferni of Werkswurda on the same 
Roll, the same Sheriff (William Briewerre) adds : " Et debet 
xxvi.li. blanc. qute requirendse sunt a Willielmo Comite de Ferrariis 
sed reddit inde compotum in dorso post Oxinfordscira." 

These allusions will partly explain the indorsement, which we 
have now to notice. It is by mere accident that it is endorsed on an 
Oxfordshire membrane. -Darkness and decay are the characteristics 
of the document. It is impossible to accept it as representing more 
than a Post-script of the ordinary Pipe-Roll of 6 Richard I. 



42 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

The Nottinghamshire Pipe-Bolls of the second, third, fourth, fifth, 
and half of the sixth years of Eichard I. are reputed to have been 
lost. The period to which they related was from Michaelmas, 1189, 
to Easter, 1194. It nearly coincides with the period during which 
King Eichard was absent from England, and during which his brother 
John was Earl of the two counties in question. On his return, King 
Eichard appointed William Briwerre to the Shrievalty of the same 
counties. 

Such are the superficial facts of the case. Other less overt symp- 
toms are that William, Earl Ferrers, having a claim to the Earldom 
of Nottingham from his father, and to the Honour of Peverel from 
his mother, took Earl John's appointment in high dudgeon, but, 
nevertheless, agreed to accompany King Eichard on the Crusade. 
And whereas, before the end of the year 1189, William, Earl Ferrers, 
made a votive offering at the Shrine of St. Denys, at Paris, it may 
almost be concluded that the Earl quitted England at the same time 
as the King, and that was on Dec. llth, 1189. 

And now, from the known to the unknown, from the real to the 
conjectural. It is better to put a guess in its nakedest form, for so it 
is more distinct than an insinuation, and, if a bad guess, it may be 
the more easily controverted. 

One guess is, then, that William, Earl Ferrers, succeeded to Hugh 
Murdach, as Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire at Michael- 
mas, 11 89, and that the "seven weeks" of his Shrievalty expired about 
the middle of November ; that he then took journey for France ; 
that Earl John's ^ Sheriff, if he ever had a Vicecomes, never ap- 
peared at the Exchequer ; and that the document now before us is 
all that remains of the Pipe-Eoll of 2 Eichard I. for the said counties. 

The same guess would imply that this document contains certain 
arrears, both of receipt and expenditure, which fell to the Earl's ac- 
count after his departure ; and that the receiver and accountant 
throughout was William de Eidware, the Earl's Seneschal. 

It may be said that everywhere in this document where the Earl 
is spoken of, he is spoken of as if alive the man who died at Acre 
in 1192 is living at Michaelmas, 1194! 

This may be mere Exchequer-routine. A deceased Sheriff is often 
said thus to render his account at the Exchequer when the account- 
ant proves to have been his Executor or Deputy. 

The alternative guess is the surmise that Earl William's son and 
successor may have been the Accountant, at Michaelmas, 1194, of 
arrears previous to William Briwere's Shrievalty, that is, that the 



ROLL OF 7 RICHARD I. (1194-1195). . 43 

younger Ferrers was actually Sheriff for the seven weeks ending 
with Easter, 1194. And there is a passage in the next year's Roll 
(See p. 45, lines 5-7) which supports such an idea. 

William de Ferrers (II.), not yet an Earl when King Richard 
landed at Sandwich (March 20, 1194), is nevertheless called " Comes 
de Ferrariis " in this very Roll of Michaelmas following. (Supra, 
p. 33.) His style previously was " Willelmus de Ferrariis filius 
Comitis de Ferrariis." (Supra, pp. 13, 16, 19, 20^ 26, 31.) 






MAG. ROT. PIP. 7 RICHARD I. (1194-1195). 

Hugo de Chaucumba r.c. de firma de Staffordscira de anno integro. 

In th'ro quater xx. et xviiili. bl. Et in Elemosinis Constitutis 
Militibus de Templo i. marc. Et in liberatione constituta Canonicis 
de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custodiam Domorum Regis de Cnot. Et 
x. Servientibus peditibus ix.li. et ii.s. et vi.d. ad custodiam patriae 
pro malefactoribus. Et in terris-datis monachis de Bordeslega x.li. 
bl. in Terdebigga. Et Willielmo de Herovilla Ix.s. bl. in Wodnes- 
beria. Et Militibus de Templo xliii.s. et iiii.d. bl. in Kiel. Et in 
pastura quam Rex concessit Johanni Extraneo viii.s. et viii.d. Et 
in Wasto Forestee de Schechelle ix.'s. 

Et Canonicis de Trentham c.s. numero quos Johannes Capellauus 
solebat habere,- videlicet Blorton et Cokenache per breve Regis. 

Et in custamento cariandi prisones a Stafford et a Novo Cas- 
tello sub Lima usque ad Licheffeld. 

Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis x.s. Et item in custamento 
cariandi prisones ab eisdem locis ad Lichesfeld. Et pro Judiciis 
et Justiciis faciendis xv.s. et vi.d. in itinere Hugonis de Nevilla 
et Hugonis de Chaucumba et Sociorum suorum. 

Et in reparatione Domorum et Stagni Vivarii de Novo Castello 
sub Lima xx.s. per breve Regis. Et in custamento persequendi 
Jacobum filium Simonis et socios suos malefactores xl.s. per breve 
Regis. Et in custamento ducendi Kadwalan a Karrecova cum xx. 
hominibus et xi. equitibus usque Lincoluiam ad Archiepiscopum, et 
reducendi eundem inde ad Karrecovam xxx.s. per idem breve. 
Debet vi.li. et xvii.s. et vi.d. bl. 

Idem Vicecomes c. marc, pro habendo Comitatu ad antiquarn 
tirmam quamdiu Regi placuerit. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de remanenti firma Comitatus de anno 
praeterito. In th'ro v.s. In terris datis Canonicis de Trentham c.s. 
in Blorton et Cokenache. E. Q. E. 



44 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

De propresturis ft Escaetis. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c.. de xxxiii.s. et iiii.d. de firma de Brom. Et 
de i. marc, de firma de Eoelega. In th'ro in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 
Hugo Episcopiis Coventrise xvi.s. et viii.d. de firma de Brom de 
dimidio anno. Et de dimid. marc, de firma de Eoelega de dimidio anno. 
Idem Vicecomes r.c. de Ix.s. de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. 
Et de iii.s. de Exitu Molendini de Cradelega. In th'ro liberavlt in 
ii talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Episcopiis Coventrensis xxx.s. de Cremento Novi Fori de 
Trentham de dimidio anno. Et de xviii.d. de exitu Molendini de 
Cradelega de dimidio anno. 

Galfridus filius Petri r.c. de vi.li. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. de Censu 
Forestae de Cnot de anno secundo Eegis quia cognovit eas recepisse 
a Eoberto de Broch. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Robert-us del Broc Ixvi.s. et viii.d. de Censu prasdictse Forestae 
de dimidio anno prseterito. Et de Pasnagio ejusdem Forestae de 
anno pneterito. 

[Petrus] del Broc debet xli. de firma Forestaa de Canot de 
dimidio anno pneterito. Et x.li. de hoc dimidio anno per finem 
quern fecit pro habenda terra Eoberti del Broc et Forestaria de Canot. 

Eicardus Waggetail r.c. de iiii.s. et viii.d. quia retraxit se. In 
th'ro vi.d. Et debet iiii.s. et ii.d. Homines de Novo Castello debent 
lxvi.s. et viii.d. pro concelamento. 

De Pror/iissis. 

Heuricus filius Eogeri r.c. de xx.s. pro quadam recognitione. In 
th'ro xv.s. et debet v.s. [Homines] Novi Castelli debent xii.s. et 
viii.d. pro defalta. 

De Scutayio Walice. 

Herveius Bagot vii.li. et xv.s. de Scutagio pro Militibus Suis. 

Galfridus filius Petri r.c. de ix.li. de firma de Kenefara. Et de 
pasnagio ejusdem Forestae de Kenefara. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

[Willielmus] Marescallus debet xlii.s. de veteri firma de Kene- 
fara pro Johanne Marescallo fratre suo quos idem Johannes cognovit 
se recepisse sicut continetur in Eotulo Eicardi Eegis quarto. 

[Ailmerus] de Mera r.c. de vi.s. et ii.d. pro falso clamore. In 
th'ro vi.d. Et debet v.s. et viii.d. 

[Willielmus] filius Estiva? r.c. de dimid. marc, pro plegio Gerardi 
Gansell. In th'ro vi.d. Et debet vi.s. et ii.d. 

[WiUielmus] filius Alani debet x. marc, pro plegio nepotis sui ; 
sed suinmonendus est in Salopescira. 



fcOLL OF 7 HICHAKD I. (1194-1195). 45 

Herbertus Juvenis de Lantoni debet xl.s. pro habendo judicio suo 
de loquela inter ipsum et Willielmum de Hou. Sed Summonendus 
est in Cestrenscira. 

[Willielmus] de Ferrariis filius Comitis de Ferrariis r.c. de xviii.li. 
pro fine terrae suae. In th'ro vi.li. et x.s. et in suo superplusagio quod 
habet in compotu suo in Eotulo anni praeteriti de firnm et exitibus 
de Notingeham et Derbescira vi.li. et xix.s. et viii.d. Et debet 
iiii.li. et x.s. et iiii.d. 

[Hugo] Bardulf c. et x.s. de Scutagio quos Hugo de Chaucumba 
Ballivus suns cognovit se recepisse. 

De placitis Hugonis et Willielmi Goventrensis et Herefordensis 
Episcoporum et Sociorum suorum. 

Tedinga Bernardi fill Lefwini r.c. de v.s. et viii.d. pro fuga Regi- 
naldi. In th'ro vi.d. Et debet v.s. et ii.d. Tedinga Radulphi de 
Aclea r.c. de vi.s. et ii.d. pro fuga Radulphi filii Radulphi. In th'ro 
vi.d. et debet v.s. et viii.d. 

[Ailricus] de Witegrave r.c. de iiii s. et ii.d. pro supersisa. In th'ro 
vi.d. Et debet iii.s. et viii.d. 

[Gilbertus] de Witegrave r.c. de v.s. et ii.d. pro supersisa. In th'ro 
vi.d. Et debet iiii.s. et viii.d. 

[Willelmus] de Paries debet xx. marc, pro habenda custodia teme 
quae fuit Willielmi de Rushala cum herede ipsius donee aetatem 
. habeat. 

[Reginaldus] de Puteo r.c. de x. marc, pro habenda terra quam Do- 
minus Rex Pater dedit patri ipsius Reginaldi in Villa de Ruggelea. 

[Willielmus] de Sanford debet i. niarc. pro. habenda assisa de 
nova disseisina versus Episcopum Coventrensem de libero tene- 
mento suo in Hendesacra et Lichefeld. 

[Hugo] filius Petri r.c. de xxxvi. marc, pro habenda custodia 
terrae et heredis quae fuit Willielmi de Rushala quse est de feodo 
ipsius Hugonis. In th'ro xiii. marc. Et debet xxiii. marc. 
De Scutagio ad Redemptionem Domini Regis. 

[Episcopus Cestrensis] debet xl.s. de Scutagio Militum suorum, 
de quibus Hugo Pipard debet respondere. 

Radulphus de Sumeri xlii.li. et xix.s. et ii.d. de Scutagio feodi 
Gervasii Painell. 

Tomas de Verdun debet xx.s. de Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot debet Ix.li. de Scutagio. 

[Hugo] des Loges r.c. de Ix. marc, pro habenda custodia Foresta? 
de Kanoc et domo sua de Rembaldeston cum terra Roberti del Broc 
cujus filiam et heredem habet uxorem. In th'ro lii. marc. 



46 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Nova Placita et Nova Conventions per Willielmum Hereford Epis- 
copum et Willelmum de Braiosa et socios suos. 

[Villata] de Brumeshel r.c. de dimid. niarc. pro receptione Nicholai 
filii Walter! sine Tedinga. In th'ro v.s. et viild. Et debet xii.d. 

[Willielmus] Franceis r.c. de dimid. marc, pro vino vendito contra 
assisam. In th'ro iiii.s. et vii.d. Et debet ii.s. et i.d. 

[Idem Vicecomes] r.c. de xx.s. de Pirehul hundred pro murdro. 
In th'ro iii.s. et ix,d. Et debet xvi.s. et iii.d. 

[Tedinga] Magistri de Bromwiz r.c. de dimid. marc, pro fuga 
Asculfi. In th'ro xviii.d. Et debet v.s. et ii.d. 

[Tedinga] Mcholai de Langedon r.c. de dimid. marc, pro fuga 
ipsius Nicholai. In th'ro xii.d. Et debet v.s. et viii.d. 

[Roscelinus filius Aluredi] r.c. de dimid. marc, quia non est pro- 
secutus. In th'ro xviiLd. Et debet v.s. et ii.d. 

[Editha].de Edmundeston r.c. dimid. marc, pro dissaisina. In 
th'ro vi.d. Et debet vi.s. et ii.d. 

[Tedinga] Gilberti de Vado r.c. de dimid. marc, pro fuga Eogeri 
de Linde. In th'ro ii.s. Et debet iiii.s. et viii.d. 

[ .] r.c. de dimid. marc, pro vino 

vendito contra assisam. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

[Tedinga Edrici Bulstan] debet dimid. marc, pro fuga Roberti 
filii Ernaldi. 

[Tedinga Petri filii Brungivae debet dimid. marc, pro fuga Roberti 
fratris sui. Lefridus filius AYalteri debet dimid. marc, quia non 
habuit quern plegiavit. Walterus tilius Godwini debet dimid. marc, 
pro eodem. [Ailwinus filius Leurici] debet dimid. marc. pro. eodem. 
Philippus filius Ailwini debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. Robertus 
de la Le de"bet dimid. marc, pro eodem. Gilbertus de Ordgrave 
debet dimid. marc, quia non prosecutus est. Juliana de Paries 
debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. 

Taillagium Villarum Eegis in Staffbrdscird. 

[Idem Vicecomes r.c.] de xx.s. de taillagio de Swineford. In th'ro 
iii.s. et iiii.d. [Et debet] xvi.s. et viii.d. [Idem Vicecomes r.c.] de i. 
niarc. de Clent et de Ruelega de eodem taillagio. In th'ro ii.s. [Et 
debet xi.s.] et iiii.d. [Idem Vicecomes r.c. dej xx.s. de Taillagio de 
Wulfrunehanton. In th'ro ii.s. [Et debet xviii.s.] [Idem Vice- 
comes r.c. de xiii.s. et iiii.d.] de Taillagio de Tettenhale. In th'ro xvi.d. 
[Et debet xii. solidos.] [Idem Vicecomes r.c. de] una marca de 
Ruggelea et Canoe. In th'ro xvi.d. Et debet xii.s. Idem Vicecomes 
r.c. de ii. marc, de Pencriz. In th'ro iis. Et debet xxiiiLs. et viii.d. 
[Idem Vicecomes r.c. de] ii. marc, de Alrewas. In th'ro xii.d. Et 



ROLL OF 7 RICHARD I. (1194-1195). 47 

debet xxvs. et viii.d. [Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xlj. solidis.] de Burgo 
Novi Castelli. In th'ro vi.s. Et debet xxxv.s. [Idem Vicecomes 
r.c. de iii. marc.] de Wigenton. In th'ro i. marc. Et debet ii. marc. 

[Villata de Mera debet i. marc.] de Taillagio. Villata de Brum- 
lega debet i. marc, de Taillagio. Villata de Pencul cum Soca debet 
xx.s. Burgum de Stafford debet ii. marc. Villata de Tamewurda 
[debet i. marc.] 

Nova Promissa per Hubertum Archiepiscopum Cantuarice. 

[Ricardus de Dalham Decanus de Lichefeld] debet x. marc, pro 
habenda benevolentia Regis. 

Johannes de Norton debet i. marc, pro habenda loquela sua in Curia 
Regis qure est in Curit\ Hervei Bagot de tertia parte feodi Militis. 

[Hugo filius Petri] xxiii. marc, pro habenda licentia concordandi 
cum Willielmo de Paries de custodia feodi dimidii Militis. 

[Thomas de Ordeslega debet v.m. pro licentia remanendi in Anglia 
et standi recto si quis loqui voluerit versus eum 

- ) 
th'ro xx.li. Et debet xxli. 

(On another Membrane of the same.) 
De escaetis. Staffordscira. ~ 

Hugo Bardulf , Simon Clericus pro eo, r.c. de xvi.s. et iiii.d. de firma 
terrse Ricardi de Aluredeston in Hylle de anno integro et de xli..s. de 
dditu Willelmi Basset in Chedelele de dimidio anno et de xxvi.s. et 
iiid. . . . Ricardi de Vernun in Erlaveston de dimidio 
nno et de vii.s. et i.d. de exitu de Brunilega dum fuit in manu Regis 
mma iiii.li. et xis. et i.d. In th'ro liberavit .... et ... 

From the Oxfordshire Roll of 7 Ric. I. 

Wido de Diva debet x.s. de scutagio Pagani de Paries in Rollen- 
drict quia eos recepit. Hylda de Gay debet x.s. de eodem de scutagio 
in Nordebroch. Ricardus deStratton debet v.s.de scutagio de Welebiri. 

From the Warwickshire Roll of 7 Ric. I. 

Galfridus Salvagius c. marc, pro habendis terris patris sui in 
Warwickscira. 

Compotus Willelmi filii Ricardi de exitibus terrce Bertrami de 
Verdun dum habuit custodiam. 

Willelmus filius Ricardi r.c. de x.li. et v.s. de redditu assiso de 
tempore quo habuit baillivam. Et de c. et x.s. de placitis et per- 
quisionibus et de xl.li. et ii.s. et xi.d. de blado maneriorum vendito. 
Et de c. et ii.s. et iiii.d. de ccc. et . . ovibus venditis. Et de vii.s. 
et iii.d. de pellibus ovium venditis. Et de xlii.s. et . . de xv. 
equibus et viii. pullis venditis. Et xxi.d. de coriis venditis et de 



48 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

xxv.s. de porcis venditis. Et de c. et iiii.s. de xl. vaccis veuditis et 
de xl.s. de xxxvi. ociosis aniraalibus venditis. Summa lxxii.li. et 
iii.d. In thesauro nichil. Et in custamento militum et servientium 
qui fuerunt in castello de Auveton x.li. de dimidio anno per breve 
Eegis. Et in custamehto custodiendi castellum de Brandone vii.li. 
de eodem termino per breve Eegis. Et in liberationibus Ixiiii. ser- 
vientiuni ad victum suuni per maneria xiiii.li. et iii.s. et iiii.d. scilicet 
cuique obolum in diem de c. et iiii. diebus per idem breve, et in stipen- 
diis eorundem iiii.li. et xvi.s. de dimidio anno per idem breve. Et 
in minutis expensis xxxiiis. et iiii.d. Et in operatione cujusdem 
domus ad opus Eegis npud Bruhelle xxxiiii.li. et vii.s. et vi.d. per 
breve Eegis et per visum Eogeri Travers et Samanni prepositi. Et 

quietus est. 

From the Buckinghamshire Roll of 7 Ric. I. 

Nova Oblata per Hubertum Archiepiscopum Canturice. 
Thomas de Verdun r.c. de ccc. marc, pro habendis terris et 
castellis patris sui. In thesauro c. et quater xx.li. et debet xx.li. 

From the Shropshire Pipe-Roll of 7 Ric. I. 

Nova Oblata et novce conxentiones post redditum Eegis de Alemannia. 
Agnes filia Harnonis de Langeford debet xx. marc, pro habendo 
recto de rationabili parte terras patris sui in Langeford et Eaton et 
Horslage et Eston et Iwerne versus Walterum de Whitefeld et 
Evam uxorem suam. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 7 RICHARD I. (MICHAELMAS, 1195). 

It will require a long retrospect to show the nature of that entry 
in the Eoll of this year which speaks of 100 solidates of land as 
having been given to the Canons of Trentham. 

A century previous, the Eoyal Manor of Trentham seems to have 
been given by King William II. to Hugh, Earl of Chester. That 
Earl has had the credit, too, of having founded Treutham Priory- 
The Manor descended in the ordinary course to Eichard, Eanulph, 
and Eanulf II., successive Earls of Chester. According to all 
authentic and extant evidence it was Eaiiulf (II.) who virtually 
founded, or at least first endowed, Trentham Priory. It was .pro- 
bably in anticipation of his approaching end, and when he had taken 
the poison administered to him by the contrivance of William 
Peverel that the Earl, addressing the Bishop of Chester (Walter 
Durdent) says that he has given " 100 solidates of his Staffordshire 
land to God and Saint Mary and all the Saints, wherewith to restore 
an Abbey of Canons in the Church of Trentham," &c. The words 



ROLL OF 7 'RICHARD i. (1194-1195). 49 

of the Earl's Charter (Monasticon VI., 397, I.) further imply that 
he determines that such lands shall be assigned out of Trentham, 
or out of the appurtenances of Trentham, to an extent such as had 
realised the prescribed revenue of 100 shillings per annum to King 
Henry I. when he had Trentham in hand. (This, by the way, 
would be in the short period of Earl Richard's minority, or in that 
shorter interval which, ensuing on Earl Eichard's death, was ended 
by the King's appointing Earl Ranulf I. to succeed to the Honour 
of Chester.) 

Earl Ranulf II. died, I think at Gresley Castle '(Derbyshire), 
where the Earl's Charter was dated, and which had been built by 
William de Gresley, one of the witnesses of the said Charter. 
Within a year of the Earl's death, Henry of Anjou ascended the 
English throne. He resumed the Manor of Trentham, as Vetus 
Dominicum Coronse, we presume, but at the same time had respect 
to the pious intention of his deceased supporter. 

By a Charter dated at Oxford, and which seems (see Itinerary of 
Henry II.) to have passed within a month of his first coronation, 
the King " concedes and confirms to God and the Church of All- 
Saints of Trentham, and to the Canons there serving God, the dona- 
tion which Ranulfus Secundus, Earl of Chester, made towards their 
Church (eis in ecdesiam fecit ; but probably the original words were 
e-is in elemosynam fecit), videlicet centum solidatas terrce de laico feodo 
in eadem villd de Trentham et in pertinentiis suis ; videlicet 
Blorton (now Blurton) et Cochenache ('now Cocknage) sicut fuerunt 
t reddiderunt tempore Regis Henrici qvi mei. (Monasticon VI. 
59V, II.) 

We have accounts more or less continuous and more or less clear 
f the Eerm of the Royal Manor of Trentham, from the accession 
f Henry II. to the very year of the Pipe-Roll before us. The 
"ermor in every case charges his receipts with a payment of 100 
olidates of land, but instead of this gift being recorded as in favour 
>f the " Canons of Trentham," the recipient for some years (see 
Staff. Collect., I. 27) is said to be " John Chaplain of the Earl of 
Chester ;" and subsequently (see Staff. Collect., L 37-139), to be 
simply " John Chaplain." The entry on the present year's Roll is 
uost explicit as to the transfer of 100 solidates of land from" John 
he Chaplain " (probably deceased) to the Canons of Trentham; but 
ow the said John came to represent the Canons for forty years is 
erhaps easier to discern than to prove. Be it observed that all 
le while there was a Priory and a Prior at Trentham. A para- 
E 



50 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

mount authority in such cases (Bishop Tanner) said that the name 
of the Prior of Trentham, A.D., 1166, was " John." After such an 
inedpendent statement, it will less tax the imagination to head any 
future list of the Priors of Trentham with 

"JOHN, previously CHAPLAIN TO EANDULPH II., EARL OF CHESTER, 
presided from 1154 to 1194" 

.ITER OF HUGH DE NEVILL AND HUGH DE CHAUCUMB. No 
fiscal gains seem to have resulted from the visitation of these 
Justices. They only dealt with criminal cases, between which and 
breaches of Forest Law there was no very marked distinction at 
the period. Hugh de Nevill commenced a career of extraordinary 
success as a " Bailiff of the Forest " in K,ing Eichard's time. In 9 
Eic. I. he appears as Sheriff of Oxfordshire, Geoffrey le Salvage be- 
ing his Deputy. Subsequently he was Sheriff of Essex, his native 
county, and ultimately he was Prime Warden and Chief Justice of 
all the Forests of England. Dugdale has confused him with a- 
contemporary of the same name. Though I am not sure of any- 
thing about his paternal ancestry, I know that through his mother 
and his wife he represented or transmitted to his descendants the 
best of Anglo-Norman blood. 

ARCHBISHOP HUBERT, acting as Viceroy, and commanding an 
English force on the Borders, recaptured, about May, 1195, the 
King's castle of Carreghova. Thence the Archbishop went . east- 
ward. . He was at Lichfield on June llth, and with him were, inter 
alios, Ealph de Arden and the present Sheriff of Staffordshire 
Hugh de Chaucumbe. On June llth, the Archbishop was at York, 
and thence, as I conclude from this entry, he went to Lincoln. 
Who Cadwalhon ap Owen was, what he had to do with Carreghova, 
why he should be conveyed to the Viceregal Court, how Cadwalhon 
subsequently served under King Eichard in France, 'how he even- 
tually returned and was rewarded by the English King these are 
matters which have less to .do with Staffordshire than with Shrop- 
shire. (Fuller details are given Antiquities of Shropshire, X. 
357-8, XII. 18, 19.) It seems probable from this entry, on the 
Staffordshire Pipe-Eoll that, before Cadwalhon went over sea to 
King Eichard, the Archbishop had remitted him for service on the 
Border. 

Page 43. The entry in favour of the Canons of Trentham, per- 
tains to the past year the year ending Michaelmas, 1194. It 
merely suggests that Prior John died in 1194 rather that 1195. 

Page 44. Many of these entries refer to small Ferms, on which 



ROLL OF 7 RICHARD I. (1194-1195). 51 

six months arrears were left unpaid by Bishop Novant on quitting 
office as Sheriff, at Easter, 1194. 

Page 44. Peter del Broc is here charged with two half-yearly 
portions of his oblatum of the previous year. One half-year must 
be reckoned to have become due at Michaelmas, 1194, the other at 
Easter, 1195. This was mere Exchequer routine neither 'item of 
debt had been paid, neither item was ever to be paid. The Fine 
had been superseded by the Counter-Fine of sixty merks, since 
concluded by Hugh de Loges, who had married the daughter and 
heir of the unfortunate Eobert del Broc. De Loges thus obtained 
the Wardeuship of Cannock Forest, the Keeper's House at Rodbas- 
ton, and the lands of Eobert del Broc (see p. 45). 

WILLIAM DE FERRARS, son of the late Earl Ferrars, accounts for 
18, the residue of his Fine for Livery. He now pays 6 10s., he 
alleges a credit of 6 19s. 8d. which stood in his name on the 
Notts, and Derbyshire Pipe-roll of 6 Ric. I. He still owed the 
balance, viz., 4 10s. 4d. His credit on the Notts, and Derby 
Roll of 6 Richard I. perhaps determines the question mooted above 
(p. 42), and shows that the Earl himself was Sheriff of those 
Counties for seven weeks preceding Easter, 1194. 

The Bishop of Hereford's A'ssessors in the Iter of this year ap- 
pear to have been Sheriffs. William de Braiose was Sheriff of 
Herefordshire ; Hugh Bardulf and Simon de Pateshull, elsewhere 

rmed as the Bishop's associates in Eyre, were respectively Sheriffs 
Northumberland and Northamptonshire. 
Villata de Brameslialle, &c. Where an outlaw or fugitive was en- 
tertained, it involved the whole Tything in amercement, but a single 
vill, acting independently of other vills of the said Tything, was 
singly amerced. 

A Tallage was assessed on the King's Demesnes of Staffordshire 
in this year, and probably by the Bishop of Hereford and his asso- 
ciates. In the present instance the -King's ancient escheats were 
issessed as well as the ancient demesnes; but I see no case of 
emporary escheat having been charged. 

In earlier Pipe-Rolls Tallagium is often implied by the word 
Jonum. Call it what you list, this kind of Tallage was Taxation, in 
id of the King's necessities, levied on estates, towns, and liberties, 
hich were exempt from the greater aids of the feudal system and 
om scutage. 

Nova Promissa, &c. Sundry Oblata or proposals had been made 
the Viceroy during the fiscal year now ended. Among others 






52 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Richard de Dalham, Degn of Lichfield, who, by the way, held that 
office for nearly forty years, had offended the King and proposed to 
regain the Eoyal favour by a proffer of ten merks. The offer was 
accepted, and the Dean paid the money into that department of the 
. Exchequer which seems to have kept the accounts of the " Redemp- 
tion Scutage." The Sheriff of Staffordshire did not know of this 
till two years later (Vide infra, Rot. Pip. 9 Richard I.) 

John' de Norton, having a suit pending in the Court of Hervey 
Bagot concerning one-third of a knight's fee, offered a merk to the 
Viceroy that the case might be heard in the Curia Regis. 

Hugh fitz Peter's Fine was originally thirty-six merks, of which 
he had, earlier in the year, paid thirteen merks, leaving twenty-three 
merks in arrear. The Fine is re-entered because Hugh fitz Peter had 
changed its form. He offers the twenty-three merks of arrear, not 
pro kabendd custodid, &c. (as before expressed), but pro habendd 
licentid concordandi cum Willelmo de Paries. The latter we know 
(supra p. 45) to have been a rival claimant for custody of William 
de Rushall's heir. 

The proffer of Thomas de Ordeslega, alias Thomas Asfen, was to 
excuse his joining King Richard's army in France : and he will take 
his trial on any charge which may be made against him. The latter 
condition is defaced on the Roll, but is supplied from the Roll of 8 
Ric. I. 

The next ollatum or Fine is one of 40, but its conditions are 
completely obliterated ; nor is there any entry on this or the next 
year's Roll to enable us to restore the text. 

HUGH BARDOLF, as Escheator for Staffordshire, furnishes an ac- 
count distinct from that of the Sheriff. Hylle has been in manu 
Regis the whole year; William Bassett's rents of Cheadle, and 
Richard de Vernon's land of Harlaston, for half the year. 

Bromley Regis, a Crown estate heretofore given by -Henry II. to 
Alan de Hadley, had sometime during the last two years been in 
manu Eegis. This, I .conceive, was on the death of Alan de Hadley, 
whose daughter and heir, Cecilia, now transmitted the estate to 
Thomas Corbet, her husband (Antiq. Shrop., VII., 355). 

WIDO DE DIVA, as Escheator or Collector rather than Sheriff, had 
received the scutage due upon Great Rollenright, Oxfordshire. 
Pagan de Paries, Hylda de Gay, and Richard de Stratton all held 
Oxfordshire fees of the. Honour of Stafford. " Welebiri," it is sug- 
gested (by Colonel Wrottesley) is now represented by Ilbury. ' The 
theory is doubtless correct. 



" 



ROLL OF 7 EICHARD I. (1194-1195). 53 

THE WARWICKSHIRE OBLATUM, by Gepffrey Savage, gives the 
proximate date of the death of Geoffrey Savage, the elder, Fermor 
of Trentham for many years of Henry II.'s reign. 
. The account of William fit^ Eichard is retrospective of the time 
when news of the death of Bertram de Verdon having reached Eng- 
land, and when Thomas de Verdon, his heir, not having as yet sued 
out his livery, the Crusader's estates were in manu JRegis. The re- 
ceipts give us the market prices of the period for several kinds of 
stock. Thirty-six otiosa anmalia, which sold for Is. 1-^d. each, were 
feeding cattle, as distinct from working cattle. Kine fetched 
!s. 7&d. per head. 

Among the out-goings was half-a-year's maintenance of the 
garrison at Alton Castle, the caput of De Verdon's Staffordshire 
.Fief. 

THE BUCKINGHAMSHIRE PIPE-ROLL contains the aforesaid Thomas 
de Verdon's account of his Fine for Livery. Out of 200 he had 
paid all but 20-. By " his father's Castles," I presume Alton and 
Brandon to be meant. Brandon was in Warwickshire. It came to 
the Crusader through his mother, Lescelina de Clinton. 

THE SHROPSHIRE OBLATUM is of importance as shewing that Eva 
de Langford, first the wife of Robert de Brimton and then of Walter 
de Witefield, was- not the only daughter of Hamo de Langford. Her 
sister, here called "Agnes filia Hamonis de Langeford," is elsewhere 
called Agnes de Stockton. There is some reason, too slight to be 
here alleged, for suspecting that there was yet a third sister, or at 
.east there were other coheirs in the same original Fief as that in 
which Eva and Agnes, through their mother, participated. 

Of the estates mentioned in this Fine, I have elsewhere (Antiq. 
I Shrop., VIII. 103) said that Longford was in Shropshire and that 
Church Eaton and Orslow were in Staffordshire. I may here add 
that Iwerne was in Dorsetshire. It was afterwards called Lacerton 

distinguish- it from other adjacent vills on the Iwerne River. It 
as in the parish of Stour-Pain. It has long been entirely obsolete, 

d though its wherabouts is nearly ascertainable, the actual site 
>f the vill or farm is not marked by any vestige of masonry or 
other building materials. 

At the date of Domesday, Iwerne (Lacerton) was held in capite 
by Edwin Venator, a Thane of King William. 



54 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

MAG. ROT. PIP., 8 RIC. I. (1195-1196). 

Hugo de Chaucumba. Toinas de Erdintona pro eo r.c. de vi.li. et 
xviis. et vi.d. bL de veteri firma de Staffordscira. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Et Idem de Nova Firma de Staffordscira. In th'ro xxix.li. et v.s. 
et ii.d. bL Et in Elemosinis constitute Militibus de Tehiplo i. 
marc. Et Canonicis de Trentham c.s. in Blorton et Cokenache. Et 
in liberatione constituta Canonicis de Laentoni vis. et viii.d. ad 
custodiam Domorum Regis de Cnot. Et x. Servientibus peditibus 
ix.li/ et ii.s. et vi.d. ad custodiam patrite pro malefactoribus. Et 
in Terris datis Monachis de Bordesleia x.li. bl. in Terdebigga. Et 
Willielmo de Herovilla lx.s. bl. in Wodnesberia. Et Militibus de 
Templo xliii.s. et iiii.d. bl. in Kiel. Et in Pastura quam Rex con- 
cessit Johanni Extraneo viii.s. et viii.d. Et in Wasto Forestae de 
Schethelle ix.s. FJt Hugoni Episcopo Coventrensi lxi.s. bL in Cnot 
et Ruggelega per breve Huberti Cantuarieusis Archiepiscopi. 

Et in liberatione x. Militum xii.li. de xxiiii. diebus per breve 
Regis. Et in liberatione xviii. Servientium cum binis equis x.li et 
xvis. de eodem termino per idem breve. Et in liberatione c. 
et quater xx. peditum de quibus ix. fuerunt Magistri xxxviili et 
xvis. cuique preter magistros ii.d. in die, et cuique magistrorum iiii.d. 
in die, per idem breve. Et in custamento proquirendi et adducendi 
prsedictos pedites ii. marc, per idem breve. Et in custamento re- 
parandi stagnum vivarii Regis de Stafford xvi.li per breve Regis, 
et per visum "Willielmi de Rugge et Ricarcft filii Grervasii. Et in 
custamento claudendi Gaiolam de Stafford ix.s. per idem breve. Et Ade 
Bruno et sociis suis qui insecuti sunt et comprehenderunt Willieunum 
Wither et socios suos malefactores ix.s. de dono Regis per idem 
breve. Et pro judiciis et justiciis faciendis per totum annum xi.s. 
Et in emendatione Novi Castelli et cujusdam pontis ibidem xLs. per . 
idem breve. 

Idem Vicecomes debet c. marc. pro. habendo Comitatu ad anti- 
quam firmam quamdiu Rex placuerit. 

De Purpresturis et Escaetis. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiiis. et iiid.de firma de Brom. Et de 
i marc, de firma de Roelega. In th'ro xxiii.s. et iiii.d. in iitalliiset 
debet xxiiis. et iiiid. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. . E. Q. E. 

Hugo Episcopus Coventrensis r.c. de xvi.s. et viiid. de firma 
de Brom de dimidio anno sexto et de dimid. marc, de firma de Roe- 
lega de eodem dimidio anno. In th'ro nihil. Et Emmas Reginae 






ROLL OF 8 RICHARD I. (1195-1196). 55 



Walliae xvi.s. et viii.d. item dimid. marc, sicut continetur in Rotulo 
anni sexti per breve Regis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Episcopus r.c. de xxx.s. de cremento Novi Fori de Trentham 
de eodem dimidio anno. Et xviii.d. de exitu molendini de Cradelega 
de eodem dimidio anno. In th'ro nih.il. Et predictae Reginae xviii.d. 
sicub continetur in predicto Rotulo. Et debet xxx.s. quse* debent 
requiri ab herede Roberti de Broc sicut Vicecomes dicit. Idem 
Vicecomes r.c. de Ix.s. de cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de 
iii-.s. de exitu* molendini de Cradelega. In th'ro xxxi.s. et vi.d. et 
debet xxxi.s. et vi.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo des Loges r.c. de x. marc, de censu Forestae de Canot. In 
th'ro vi..marc. et debet iiii. marc. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Hugo Ixvi.s. et viii.d. de Censu praedictae Forestae de 
dimidio anno sexto. Et de Pasuagio Forestae praedictse de eodem 
anno sexto. Petrus de Broch r.c. de x,li. de firma Forestae de Canot 
de dimidio anno sexto. Et de x.li. de dimidio anno praeterito per 
fines quos fecit pro habenda terra Roberti de Broch et Forestaria de 
Canot. In th'ro x.li. de anno sexto. Et debet x.li. de anno praeterito. 

Ricardus Wagetail debet iiii.s. et ii.d. quia retraxit se. Homines 
de Novo Castello lxvi.s. et viii.d. pro concelamento. Willielmus de 
Braiose r.c. de vii.li. et xv.s. et iii.d. et obolum de firma de Erlega 
quas fuit Ad'ae de Port de dimidio annc sexto. Et de xv.li. et x.s. et 
vii.d. de eaclem firma de anno praeterito. . Et de xv.li. et x.s. et vii.d. 
de hoc anno. In th'ro xiiii.li. et vi.s. et v.d. per mnnum Hugonis 
Bardulf. Et debet xxx.iiii.li. et x.s. et obolum. Heuricus filius 
Rogeri r.c. de v.s. pro quadam recognitione. In th'ro iii.s. Et 
debet ii.s. 

(Villata de Novo Castello debet xii.s. et ii.d. pro defalta. 
De Scutagio Wallice. 
Herveius Bagot vii.li. et xv.s. de Scutagio pro Militibus suis. 
Willielmus Marescallus debet xlii.s. de veteri firma de Kenefara pro 
Johanne Marescallo fratre suo quos idem Johannes cognovit se re- 
cepisse sicut continetur in Rotulo Regis Ricardi quarto. Ailmerus 
e Mera r.c. de v.s. et viii.d. pro falso clamore. In th'ro xii.d. Et 
ebet iiii.s. et viii.d. Willielmus filius Estivae r.c. de vi.s. et ii.d. 
TO plegio Gerardi Gansell. In th'ro xii.d. Et debet v.s. et ii.d. 
illielmus de Ferrariis filius Cornitis de Ferrariis r.c. de iiii.li. et 
.s. et iiii.d. pro fine tfirrae suae. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
Hugo Bardulf c. et x.s. de Scutagio quos Hugo de Chau- 
cumba Baillivus suus cognovit se recepisse. 



56 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

De Placitis Hugoms et Willelmi Coventrensis et Hercfordensis 
Episcoporum et Sociorum suorum. 

Tedinga Bernard! filii Lefwini r.c. de v.s. et ii.d. pro fuga Regi- 
nald!. In th'ro xviii.d. Et debet iii.s. et viii.d. Tedinga Radulphi 
de Aclea r.c. de v.s. et viii.d. pro fuga Radulphi filii Radulphi. In 
th'ro xii.d. Et debet iv.s. et viii.d. Ailricus de Witegrava r.c. de 
iii.s. et viii.d. pro supersisa. In th'ro vi.d. Et debet iii.s. .et ii.d. 
Gilbertus de Witegrava r.c. de iiii.s. et viii.d. pro eodeni. In th'ro 
vi.d. Et debet iiii.s. et ii.d. Robertus de Paries defcet xx. marc, 
pro habenda custodia terrse quie fuit Willielmi de Rushale cum 
herede ipsius donee aetatem habeat sed non habet custodiam. Regin- 
aldus de Puteo r.c. de x. marc, pro habenda terra quam Dorainus 
Rex Pater dedit patri ipsius Reginald! in Villa de Ruggelea. In 
th'ro vi.li. et vi.s. et viii.d. Et debet dimid. .marc. Willielmus de 
Sanford debet i marc, pro habenda Assisa- de Nova disseisina versus 
Episcopum Coventrensem de libero teiiemento suo in Handesacra 
et Lichefeld. Hugo filius Petri r.c. de xxiii. marc, pro habenda ' 
custodia terrae et heredis qui fuerunt "Willielmi de Rushala quse est 
de feodo ipsius Hugonis. In th'ro i. marc, et debet xxii. marc. 
De Scutagio ad redemptionem domini Regis. 

Episcopus Cestrensis debet xv.li. de scutagio militum suorum de 
quibus Hugo Pipard debet respondere sicut continetur in Rotulo 
anni sexti in Staffordscira ubi respondet de Episcopatu Coventrensi. 
Radulphus de Sumeri xlii.li. et xix.s. et ii.d. de Scutagio Ger- 
vasii Painell. Tomas de Verdun xx.s. de Scutagio. Herveius 
Bagot lx.li. de Scutagio. 

Hugo des Loges r.c. de viii. marc, pro habenda Custodia Foresta? 

de Canot et dorno sua de Rembaldestona cum terra Robert! de Broch 

eujus filiam et heredem habet (sic) uxorem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Nova Placita et Novae Conventiones per W. Herefortensem Episcopum 

et t Willielmum de Braiosa et socios suos. 

Villata de Brumeshel r.c. de xii.d. pro Reeeptione Nicholai fih'i 
Walter! sine Tedinga. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus le Franceis r.c. de ii.s. et i.d. pro vino vendito contra 
assisam. In th'ro xii.d. Et debet xiii.d. 

Idem Vicecomes-r.c. de xvi.s. et iii.d. de Pirhulle hundredo pro 
murdro. In th'ro vi.s. Et debet x.s. et iii.d. 

Tedinga Magistri de Brumwiz r.c. de v.s. et ii.d. pro fuga Asculfi. 
In th'ro xii.d. Et debet iiii.s. et ii.d. 

Tedinga Nicholai de Langedon r.c. de v.s. et viii.d. pro fuga 
ipsius Nicholai. In th'ro xviii.d. Et debet iiii.s. et ii.d. 









ROLL OF 8 RICHARD I. (1195-1196). 57 

Roscelinus films Alurici debet v.s. et ii.d. quia non est prosecutus. 
Walterus filius Godwin! debet dimid. marc, quia non habuit quern 
plegiavit. Ailwinus filius Leurici debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. 
Philippus filius Ailwini debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. Kobertus 
de la Le debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. 

Editha de Edmundestona r.c. de vi.s. et ii.d. pro disseisina. In 
th'ro vi.d. Et debet x.s. et viiid. 

Tedinga Gilberti de Vado r.c. de iiii.s. et viii.d. pro fuga Eogeri 
de Linde. In th'ro vi.d. per manum Eoberti filii Gilberti. Et 
debet iiii.s. et ii.d. Tedinga Edrici de Bulstan r.c. de dimid. marc, pro 
fuga Eoberti filii Ernaldi. In th'ro vi.d. per manum Eoberti del- 
stan (sic). Et debet vi.s. et ii.d. Tedinga Petri filii Brungivae r.c. 
de dimid. marc, pro fuga Eoberti fratris sui. In th'ro xii.d. Et 
debet v.s. et viii.d. Lefridus filius Walteri r.c. de dimid. rnarc. quia 
non habuit quern plegiavit. In th'ro xii.d. Et debet v.s. et viii.d. 

Gilbertus de Ordgrave (sic) debet dimid marc, quia non est pro- 
secutus. Juliana de Paries debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. 
Tallagium VUlaruin in Staffbrdscird. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xvi.s. et viii.d. de Tallagio de Swineford. 
In th'ro vi.s. et viii.d. Et debet x.s. Idem r.c. de ii. marc, de Tal- 
lagio de Wigentona. In th'ro i. marc. Et debet i. marc. Idem 
Vicecomes debet xi.s. et iiii.d. de Tallagio de Clent et de Euggelega. 
Et xviiis. de Wulfruneharftona. Et xii.s. de Tallagio de Tetenhalle. 
Et xii.s. de Tallagio de Eugelea et Canot. Et xxiiii.s. et viii.d. de 
Tallagio de Pencriz. Et xxv.s. et viii.d. de Tallagio de Alrewas. 
Et xxv.s. de Tallagio Burgi Novi Castri. Et ii. marc, de Tallagio 
Vilke de Kenefara. Et i. marc, de Tallagio Villse de Brumlega. Et 
xx.s. de Tallagio de Pencul cum Soca. Et ii. marc, de Tallagio 
Burgi de Stafford. Et i. marc, de Tallagio Villse de Tamewurda- 
Et i. marc, de Tallagio Villse de Mera. 

Nova Promissa per If. Cantuariensem Archiepiscopum. 

Eicardus de Dalham Decanus de Lichefelde r.c. de x. marc, pro 
habenda Benevolentia Eegis. 

Johannes de Nortona r.c. de i. marc pro habenda loquela sua in 
Curia Eegis quse est in Curia Hervei Bagot de tertia parte feodi 
unius militis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eicardus de Vernun xx.li. pro xx. libratis terras. 

Tomas de Ordeslega debet v. marc, pro licentia remanendi in 
Anglia et standi recto si quis loqui voluerit versus eum sicut con- 
tinetur infra in compoto Galfridi filii Petri ubi nominatur Tomas 
de Asfen sicut Vicecomes dicit. 



58 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Rad,ulphus de Sumeri debet ccc. marc, pro habenda saisina 
Baronise quae fuit Gervasii Painell quse R. (sic) in Norhamtescira. 

Stephanus de Bellocampo debet x. marc, pro habendo recto de 
Feodo ii. Militum in Wigemore (sic ; sed Wichenore legendum) et 
Schirestona (sic ; sed Scirescota legendum) versus Rogerum de Sum- 
mervill. Galfridus le Salvage (sic) xLs. ne transfretet in tertio 
exercitu Normanniae postquam Dominus rediit ab Alemannia et 
pro Scutagio suo de Feodo dimidii Militis. 

Galfridus Filius Petri ix.li. de Firma de Kenefara de anno 
praeterito. Et ix.li. de eadem firina de Kenefare de hoc anno. Sed 
reddit compotum infra. 

De Secundp Scutagio Eocertit'&s Normannice. 

Episcopus Coventrensis debet xv.li. de Scutagio Militum suorum 
sed Willielmus de Sanctse Marise Ecclesia reddit iride compotum 
in Rotulo escaetarum per magistrum Absalonem. Radulphus de 
Sumeri debet l.li. de Scutagio feodi Gervasii Painel. Sed habet 
quietantiam per breve H. Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi. To mas de 
Verdun xx.s. de Scutagio. Hervehis Bagot Ix.li. de Scu- 
tagio. Hugo Pantulf xl.s. in hoc comitatu. Henricus de Oilli 

vi.s. et viii.d. in hoc comitatu. Comes de Ferrariis (sic). Williel- 
mus de Braiosa (sic). 

De Debitis Aaron. 

Willielmus Basset debet viii. marc, et dimid. per cartam. Et c.s. 
per aliam. Et c.s. per aliam, qui requirebantur in Legrecestrescira. 
De Tertio Scutagio Hxercitds Normannice. 

Episcopus Cestrensis xv.li. de Scutagio. Sed respondet inde 
"in Legrecestrescira et Ware wichscira. Tomas de Verdun xx.s. de 
Scutagio. Harveius Bagot Ix.li. de Scutagio. Hugo Pantulf 
xl.s. in hoc comitatu. Henricus de Oilli . vi.s. et viii.d. in hoc 
Comitatu. Comes de Ferrariis (sic). Willielmus de Braiosa (sic). 
Radujphus de Sumeri habet quietantiam de Scutagio. suo per breve 
H. Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi per breve Regis de ultra mare. 

Galfridus filius Petri r.c. de ix.li. de firma de Kenefara. Et de 
viii.li. et iii.s. et vi.d. de Pasnagio Forestae de Kenefara. Et de 
iiii.li. et v.s. et iii.d. de Pasnagio Forestse de Canot. Et de lxvi.s. et 
viii.d. de Toma de Asfen ut posset replegiari. Et de xxx.s. de xv 
averiis qui fuerunt Petri del Broc venditis. Et de vi.s. et viii.d. de 
coriis venditis. Summa xxvi.li. et xiis. t i.d. In th'ro xxxiii.s. 
et iiiid. Et in custamento unius Aulas in Foresta de Kenefara cum 
officinis adjacentibus et unius coquinas et unius cameras et unius 
Gaiolas et unius vivarii et unius portae cum Breteschia et unius 



ROLL OF 8 RICHARD I. (1195-1196). 59 

palitii xvi. perticarum et altitudinis xvi. pedum et utensilium 
Domus xxiiii.li. et xviii.s. et ix.d. per breve Eegis. E. Q. E. 

From the Berkshire Pipe-Roll, 8 Ric. I. 
De scutayio militum de Berchscira assiso anno preterito. 

De hiis qui non habent capitales honores in hoc comitatu (e.g.) 
de vi.s. et viii.d. de scutagio Hervei de Dukeswurda. 

From the Pipe-Roll of Oxfordshire, 8 Ri-:. I. 

De scutagio militum qui non habent capitales honores in hoc comitatu. 
Eadulfus de Suineri xx.s. de Chiselhanipton Gervasii Paenell. 

De placitis G. Wintonensis Episcopi et socijrum ejus. 
Ricardus de Stratton r.c. de xlvi.s. et viii.d. pro defalta. In th'ro 
xLs. et debet vi.s. et viii.d. 

From the Pipe- Roll of Leicestershire and Warwickshire, 8 Ric. I. 

De oblatis curice. Eudo Martel reddit compotum de xv. marc, 
pro habenda rationabili parte sua quse eum contingit de hereditate 
matris sua? versus Willelrnum de Belmes filium Alani la Suche. In 
thesauro xii. marc, et debet viii. marc, sed reddit compotum infra. 
Eudo Martel i.e. de viii. marc, pro habenda (ut supra). In thes- 
auro liberavit per manum Willelmi Ruffi de Northampton et 
quietus est. 

De placitis ct conventionibus per Galfridum filium Petri et 

socios ejus. 

Amicia mater. Eoberti Trussel reddit compotum de iiii.s. et ii.d. 
In thesauro x.d. et debet iii.s. et iiii.d. 

(Below on the same membrane. ) 

Idem Willelmus (de Sanctse Marine Ecclesia), Magister Absalon 
pro eo, r.c. de xii.li. et vi.s. et viii.d. de firma de Lichesfeld de primo 
dimidio anno et de vi.li. et ii.s. de firma de Briwude de eodem ter- 
miao et de ix.li. et ii.s. et viii.d. de firma de Eccleshale de eodem 
termino et de iiii.li. de firma de.Bercleswich de eodem termino et de 
v. marc. e.t dimid. de firma de Pres de eodem termino et de xi.lj. et 
xii.s. et ii.d. de firma de Langedona de eodem termino et de Iviii.s. 
et iii.d. de firma de Heiwude de eodem termino et de vii.li. et 
xvii.s. et x.d. de firma de Sallaw de eodem termino et de iiii.li. et 
xiii.s. et x.d. de firma de Ychentona de eodem termino et de Ixxv.s. 
et xi.d. de firma de Chadelessun de eodem termino et de xxxi.s. et 
iii.d. de firma de Tachelesbroch de eodem termino et de ix.li. et iii.s. 
et iiii.d. de redditu assiso in manerio de Coventre et de c. et ii.s. et 
v.d. de firma de Sudham de eodem termino. Summa Ixxii.li. et 
xvi.s. et iiii.d. In th'ro lib. in xii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de x.li. de redditu assiso in manerio de Coventre de 



60 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

eodem termino. In thr'o ix.li. et iii.s. et iiii.d. et Willielmo Turke- 
till xvi.8. et viii.d. in prebenda quam habet in ecclesia Coventrise de 
quarta parte anni. Et Archidiacono Koffensi l.s. qui ei aretro sunt 
de prebenda sua de Coventre per breve H. Cantuariensis Archie- 
piscopi et habet de superplus l.s. qui computantur ei infra in com- 
poto de Wicheford. 

Idem Willelmus r.c. de xiii.li. et xvi.s. et ix.d. de firma.de Herde- 
, wich de dimidio anno. In th'ro xiiii.li. et habet superplus iii.s. et 
iiLd. de quibus iii.s. computantur ei in proximo compoto et habet de 
superplus iii.d. 

Idem Willelmus r.c. de xv.li. de scutagio Episcopi Coventrensis. 
In th'ro xi.li. et xviLs. et in suo superplus quod habet in compoto de 
Herdewich iii.s. et debet lx.s. de quibus xl.s. remanent super Williel- 
mum Brun qui manet in Cestrescira et xx.s. super Hugonem Pan- 
tulf et Willelmum de Belmeis sicut ipse dicit. 

Idem "Willelmus r.c. de xv.li. de firma de Wicheford. In 
th'ro xii.li. et x.s. et in suo superplus quod habet in compoto de 
manerio de Coventre Is. E. Q. E. 

Idem Willelmus r.c. de ix.li. et iii.s. et iii.d. de firma medietatis 
de Alencestre et de Brome quse fuerunt Henrici de Penne. In th'ro 
liberavit in ii talliis. E. Q. E. t 

From the Pipe-roll of Lincolnshire, 8 Richard I. 
' De Secundo Scutagio exercit'As Normannice. 
Herveius Bagot debet scutagium. de x. militibus sed respondet de 
scutagio totius Baronise suse in Staffordescira. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 8 RICHARD I. (MICHAELMAS, 1196). 

Hugh de Chaucumbe continues to be Sheriff, but now acts 
through a Deputy the active, sagacious, and eventually successful 
Thomas de Erdington.' 

One thing to be observed in the Corpus Comitatds is that Rugeley 
and Cannock,purehased by Hugh de Novant previous to the Crusade, 
and since forfeited, had ere this been restored to that Prelate by 
order of the Viceroy Hubert. 

This account affords curious information as to the scale of pay 
and wages current at the period. The pay of a Knight, probably 
engaged for foreign service, was one shilling per day ; that of a 
Serjeant-at-arms (Servientis) was sixpence per day, but this necessi- 
tated the keeping of one horse by every nine such Servientes. The 
pay of an ordinary foot soldier was twopence per day, but over 
every nineteen of such soldiers there presided a " master foot- 






ROLL OF 8 RICHARD I. (1195-1196). 61 

soldier " (probable analogous to a modern corporal). Every such 
"master" had fourpence per day. A Serjeant of the Peace, -or 
local policeman, received only three-fifths of a penny per day. 

De Purpresturis et Escaetis. Under this head are included, with 
some impropriety, several minor items of account, which Bishop Hugh 
had already rendered at the close of his Shrievalty (Easter, 1194). In, 
the Eoll of 1194, the Bishop is said to have paid several such' small 
sums into the Treasury, and to be quit. Here his liability to pay is 
dated as having arisen in 1194 (anno sexto), but it is added that he 
had paid the said sums, not into the Treasury, but to Emma, Queen 
of North Wales. Evidently the Queen's annuity had been made up 
by such fragmentary instalments. Any attempt to analyse the 
blunder thus committed by the Clerks of the Exchequer would be 
profitless if not hopeless. A little lower down, another clerical 
blunder occurs. It is intended to charge the Bishop with the census 
and pannage of Cannock Forest for the half-year ending Easter, 
1194. But the Clerk, instead of writing " Idem Episcopus Ixvi.s. 
et viii.d." wrote " Idem Hugo . . . Ixvi.s. viii.d.," thus confusing 
Hugh, the Bishop and former Sheriff, with Hugh de Chaucumbe, 
the existing Sheriff. 

The 4 account against Peter de Broch is merely for the year 
(Easter, 1194, to Easter, 1195), during which he actually enjoyed 
the Forestership of Cannock. His Fine had originally contem- 
plated a temporary seizin. He had left an arrear, but the continuity 
of his tenure having been broken, the Fine was no longer operative. 

Since Easter, 1194, William de Braiose had been holding in 
fee-farm the escheated manor of Arley, once Adam de Port's. The 
fee-farm rent was 15 10s. 7d. per annum. Other estates, held in 
his time by Adam de Port, had ere this reverted to Braiose by in- 
heritance. He had no such claim upon Arley. 

Eobert (it should be 'William') de Paries' oblatum of 6 Eichard 
I. is virtually cancelled by the words "non habet custodiam." 
Hugh fitz 'Peters' Fine, more recently accepted, had enabled the 
claimants in the case to settle their own differences. 

Eichard de Vernon's proffer for 20 librates of land is a mere 
memorandum of an . oblatum. He, or his father, had clearly been 
outlawed in 1194. Nevertheless it was competent to an outlaw, 
if he could find security or money, to buy a reversal of his sentence 
and its concomitant disabilities. 

Ealph de Sumeri's Fine for Livery in succession to Gervase 
Paynell, of Dudley, is or will be accounted of under Northampton- 



62 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

shire. The Honour of Newport Pagnell was in the latter county. 

Stephen de Beauchamp's Fine is for a " writ of right " to deter- 
mine who was the rightful Seigneur over Eoger de Somerville, in 
regard to his tenure of two Knight's Fees in Wichnor and Syerscote. 
The various documents which bear upon this interesting question 
of feudal law and hereditary descent cannot be introduced with any 
propriety in a Pipe-Roll note. But the date, here supplied by the 
Pipe-Roll, will be of much importance in any future attempt to tell 
the whole story. 

Geoffrey le Savage (having recently entered upon his inherit- 
ance) compounds for his assessment to the last scutage of Normandy, 
of which no less than three had been ordained within the thirty 
months which had followed on King Richard's release. The first 
Scutage of Normandy was ordained in A.D. 1194, the year of King 
Richard's return. It does not appear to have been assessed on any 
of the Baronies of Staffordshire or Shropshire. The second Scutage of 
Normandy, assessed in 1195, was put in course of collection in 1196. 
It was at the rate of 1 per fee. In the list before us (p. 58) the 
Bishop of Coventry, Ralph de Surneri, Thomas de Verdon, and 
Hervey Bagot were each assessed under. Staffordshire for the whole 
of their respective Baronies wherever situated. Hugh Pantulf and 
Henry de Oilli were each assessed only on such portions of the 
Barony of each as were in the County. The Earl Ferrers and 
William de Braiose were not assessed under Staffordshire, but their 
'assessments elsewhere included all that they had or may have had 
in Staffordshire. Ralph de Sumeri's Scutage was wholly released 
by the Viceroy Hubert. 

Among the securities which escheated to the Crown on the 
death (A.D. 1189) of Aaron, "the Jew of Lincoln," were three 
cartels establishing the indebtedness of William Basset to the 
usurers's estate, in sums amounting to 15 13s. 4d. This debt re- 
verted to the Crown, but hitherto had failed to be recovered by the 
Sheriff of Leicestershire. It is now put in charge in Staffordshire. 
William Bassett, the original borrower, was of jSapcote (Leicester- 
shire), and of Cheadle, Staffordshire. He had suffered some escheat 
in 1194. 

The third Scutage of Normandy was assessed and partly col- 
lected in the fiscal year ending Michaelmas, 1196. The Bishop of 
Chester (meaning Coventry) is said in the Staffordshire Roll to 
account thereof in Leicestershire and Warwickshire. The rate was 
again 1 per fee. The Schedule of Staffordshire assessments is 



ROLL OF 8 RICHARD I. (1195-1196). 63 

nearly as that for the second Scutage. The Viceroy Hubert has 
again excused Ealph de Sumeri's quota, but this time he has been 
directed to do so by King Eichard's " Writ-de-ultra-mare." Pro- 
bably De Sumeri was serving personally and with some of his 
knights in the Army of France. 

Thomas Asfen's Fine of five merks has been paid by the equiva- 
lent 66s. 8d. to Geoffrey fitz Piers, whose account is of Forest 
matters. The Fine is here represented as ut posset replegiari, viz., 
that he (Asf en) might be admitted to bail in regard to his reappear- 
ance, if called upon to take his trial. 

Peter de Broc it seems had not paid the outstanding instalment 
(5) due from him as before stated. So Fitz Piers had sold his 
working cattle (averia) and his stock of hides. 

Of Fitz Piers' various receipts and dues, 1 13s. 4d. had been 
j>aid into the Treasury, and he had expended 24 18s. 9d. on the 
erection of a fortified hall or lodge in Kinver Forest, with a 
Chamber (for the King's use), a Kitchen, a Gaol, and other offices 
and utensils. 

BERKSHIRE BOLL. Hervey de Dukeswurda . (Denchworth) was 
a Tenant in the fief of Stafford, and* probably identical with Hervey 
de Wilbrighton of the Liber Niger. (See Staff. Collec., I., 169.) 

OXFORDSHIRE BOLL. Scutage on a knight's fee in Chiselhampton 
is charged against Balph de Sumeri as the heir, not as the Tenant. ' 
of Gervase Paynell. It was an arrear on one of his knights. 

Bichard de Stf atton was a Tenant of the Barons Stafford. 

LEICESTERSHIRE AND WARWICKSHIRE BOLL. Eudo Martel com- 
pletes, his Fine of 119 3s. 4d. (Supra, pp. 29.) 

" IDEM WILLELMUS, MAGISTER ABSALON PRO EO." This account 
is by William de St-Mary-Church, the King's Escheator. It is an 
account of the Escheator's receipts and out-goings during six 
months' seizin of the Temporalities of the See of Coventry. The 
Estates named in the Schedule were Episcopal estates, in the 
several counties of Salop, Stafford, Derby, and Warwick. It would 
seem that neither a Viceroy's Writ nor an Escheator's arm could 
touch any tbing or person in the Palatine County of Chester ; but 
there also the Bishop had a temporal estate. The arrangement 
which, caused Pantulf and La Zouche (Belmeis) to be amenable, in 
a matter of Scutage, to the .See of Coventry, has escaped my enquiry. 
Its date will have been later than the Liber Niger. 

This Escheator's Boll was evidently attached to the Pipe Boll by 
contemporary Clerks of the Exchequer. If attached to the right 



64 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Eoll, it suggests that Bishop Hugh de Novant suffered forfeiture of 
his Temporalities some two years before his death.' The latter event 
is stated to have taken place in March or April, 1198, at Bec- 
Herlouin, in Normandy. The Episcopal estates named in the above 
Schedule, were : In Staffordshire : Lichfield, Brewood, Eccleshall, 
Baswich, Longedon, and Heywood. In Shropshire : Prees. In 
Derbyshire: Sawley. In Warwickshire: Bishop's -Itchington, 
Chadshunt, Bishop's -Tachbroke, Coventry, Southam, Hard wick, 
and Wichford. 

I know of nothing to connect the Escheat of Henry de Penne, 
or the moiety of Alcester and Broom with Staffordshire or with the 
See of Coventry. The position of the entry on an Escheator's Roll 
implies no such connection. 



MAG. EOT. PIP. 9 KICHAKD I. (1196-1197). 

Hugo de Chaucumba r.c. de c. et xl.li. bl. de firma de Stafford- 
scira. In th'ro liii:li. et x.s. bl. Et in Elemosinis constitutis 
Militibus de Templo i. marc. Et Canonicis de Trentham c.s. in 
Blorton et Cokenache. Et in liberatione constitute, Canonicis de 
Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custodiam Domorum Eegis de Canot. Et 
x. servientibus peditibus ix.li. et ii.s. et vi.d ad custodiam patrise pro 
malefactoribus. Et in Terris datis Monachis de Bordesleia x.li: bl. 
in Terdebigga. Et Willielmo de Herovilla Ix.s. bl. in Wodnesberia, 
Et Militibus de Templo xliii.s. et iiii.d. bl. in Kiel. Et in pasturfi 
quam Rex concessit Johanni Extrarieo viii.s. et viii.d. Et in Wasto 
Forestse de Secchevill ix.s. Et Hugoni Episcopo Coventrensi Ixi.s. 
bl. in Canot et Ruggeleia. Et in reparatione Domorum Regis in 
Novo Castello et palitii et vivarii xliii.s. per breve Regis. Et pro 
' Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis xi.s. Et eidem Hugoni (Vicecomiti) 
x.li. de dono pro militibus retentis in servitio Regis per breve Regis. 
Et debet xli.li. et ii.d. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro 
nihil. Et in Defalta Instauri Maneriorurn Comitatus xi.li. et xi.s. 
et x.d. bl. Et debet xxixli. et viii.s. et iiii.d., bl. Idem r.c. de 
eodem debito. In th'ro xx.li. bl. Et debet ix.li. et viii.s. et iiii.d. 
bl. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiii.s. et iiii.d. de firma de Brom. Et de 
i. marc, de firma de Roeleia. In th'ro lib. in ii; talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de c. marc, pro habendo Comitatu ad anti- 
quam firmam quamdiu Regi placuerit. In th'ro Ivi.li. et xiii.s, et mid. 
Et debet x.li. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



KOLL OF 9 RICHARD I. (1196-1197). 65 

Hugo des Loges qui liabet heredem Boberti del Broc xxx.s. sicut 
Hugo Episcopus Coventrensis respondet in Eotulo prsecedenti. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de Cremento ISTovi Fori de Trentham. Et de 
iii.s. de Exitu Molendini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in ii. talliis. E. Q, E. 

Hugo des Loges r.c. de x. marc, de Censu Forestae de Canot. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Idem Hugo v. marc, de Censu praedictae 
Forestae de dimidio anno sexto. Petrus del Broc debet x.li. de veteri 
firma forestae de Canot. Et de fine quern fecit pro habenda terra 
Eoberti del Broch et forestaria de Canot. Eicardus Waggetail r.c. de 
iiii.s. et iid. quia retraxit se. In th'ro xii.d. Et debet iii.s. et ii.d. 
Willielmus de Braiosa xxiiii.li. et x.s. et obolum de veteri firma de 
Erleia Adamse de Port sicut continetur in Eotulo praecedenti. 
Henricus filius Eogeri r.c. de ii.s. pro quadam recognitione. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Villata de Novo Castello debet xii.s. et ii.d. pro defectu. Hugo 
des Loges debet xl.s. quia non venit ad compotum suurn reddendum 
de firma Forestee de Canot ad terminurn sibi statutum. 
De Scutagio Wallice. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de vii.li. et xv.s. pro militibus suis. In th'ro 
iiii.li. et vii.s. Et debet Ixviii.s. Willielmus Marescallus debet 
xlii.s. de veteri firma de Kenefara pro Johanne Marescallo fratre suo 
quod idem Johannes cognovit se recepisse sicut continetur in Eotulo 
llegis Eicardi quarto. Ailmarus de Mera r.c. de iiii.s. et viii.d. pro 
falso clamore. In th'ro iii.s. et ii.d. Et debet xviii.d. Willielmus 
filius Estivse debet v.s. et ii.d. pro plegio Gerardi Gansell. Hugo 
Bardulf debet c. et x.s. de scutagio quos Hugo de Chaucumba 
Baillivus suus cognovit se recepisse. 
De Placitis Hugonis et Willielmi Goventr. et Herefort. Episcoporum. 

Tedinga Bernardi filii Lefwini debet iii.s. et viii.d. pro fuga 
Eeginaldi. 

Willielmus de Paries debet xx. marc, pro habenda custodia terras 
[use fuit Willielmi de Eushale cum herede ipsius donee aetatein 
labeat. Sed non habet custodiam sicut Vicecomes dicit. Willielmus 
ie Samford debet i. marc, pro habenda Assisa de Nova disseisin^ 
^ersus Episcopum Coventrensem de libero tenemento suo in Hand- 
sacra et Lichesfeld. Tedinga Eadulphi de Aclea r.c. de iiii.s. et 
iii.d. pro fuga Eadulphi filii Eadulphi. In th'ro ii.s. Et debet ii.s. 
t viii.d. Ailricus de Whitegrave r.c. de iii.s. et ii.d. pro super- 
issisa. In th'ro xii.d. Et debet ii.s. et ii.d. Gilbertus de White- 
jrave r.c. de iii.s. et ii.d. pro eodem. In th'ro vi.d. Et debet ii.s. et 
/iii.d. Hugo fih'us Petri r.c. de xxii. marc, pro habenda custodia 



66 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

terrse et heredis quse fuit Willielmi de Eushala quse est de feodo 
ipsius Hugonis. In th'ro viii. marc. Et debet xiiii. marc. 

Beginaldus de Puteo r.c. de dimid. marc, pro habenda terra quam 
Kex Pater dedit patri ipsius in Villa de Eugelea. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
De Scutagio ad Eedemptionem Regis. 

Episcopus Cestrensis debet xl.s. de Scutagio. De quibus Hugo 
Pipard debet respondere sicut continetur in Kotulo anni sexti in 
Staffordscira ubi respondet de Episcopatu Coventrensi. Kadulphus 
de Sumeri r.c. de xlii.li. et xix.s. etii.d. de Scutagio Gervasii Painell. 
In th'ro c.s. Et debet xxxvii.li. et xix.s. et ii.d. Tomas de Verdun 
debet xx.s. de Scutagio. Herveius Bagot debet Ix.li. de Scutagio. 
De Placitis Willielmi Hercfort. Episcopi et Sociorum ejus. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xiii.d. de Willielmo Francisco pro vino 
vendito contra Assisam. Et de v.s. et viii.d. de Editha de Edmundes- 
tona pro disseisina. In th'ro lib. in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Tedinga Magistri de Bromwiz r.c. de iiii.s. et ii.d. pro. fuga Hasculfi. 
In th'ro ii.s. Et debet ii.s. et ii.d. Tedinga Nicholai de Langedona 
r.c. de iiils. et ii.d. pro fuga ipsius Nicholai. In th'ro iis. Et debet 
ii.s. et ii.d. Walterus filius Godwini r.c. de dimid. marc, quia non 
habuit quern plegiavit. In th'ro. vi.d. Et debet vis. et ii.d. Ail- 
winus filius Leurici r.c. de dimid. marc, pro eodem. In th'ro vid. 
Et debet vi.s. et ii.d. Tedinga Edrici Bulstan r.c. de vis. et ii.d. pro 
fuga Koberti filii Ernaldi. In th'ro ii.s. Et debet iii.s. et iid. 
Pyrehul hundred debet x.s. et iii.d. pro murdro. Eoscelinus filius 
Ailrici debet v.s. et ii.d. quia non est prosecutus. Philippus filius 
Ailwini debet dimid marc, quia non habuit quern plegiavit. Eobertus 
de la Lea debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. Tedinga Gilberti de Vado 
debet iiii.s. et ii.d. pro fuga Eoberti de Linde. Tedinga Petri 
filii Brungieve debet v.s. et viii.d. Lemedus filius Walteri debet 
v.s. et viii.d, quia non habuit quern plegiavit. Gilbertus de Ord- 
grave debet dimid. marc, quia non est prosecutus. Juliana de Paries 
debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xiii.li. et v.s. et iiii.d. de Taillagio villarum 
Eegis in Staffordscira quarum nomina et debita annotantur in Eotulo 
priEcedente quas ideo non redduntur quia fuerunt reddita ad scaccari- 
um de Eedemptione sicut Vicecomes dicit. Idem Vicecomes debet 
x. marc, de fine Eicardi deDalham Decani quae fuerunt redditse ad 
prsedictum scaccarium sicut idem Vicecomes dicit. 

De Promissis per Hubertum Cantuariensem Archiepiscopum. 

Eicardus de Vernun debet xx.li. pro xx. libratis terrse. Eadulphus 
de Sumeri r.c. de ccc. marc, pro habenda Saisina Baronise quse fuit 



ROLL OF 9 RICHARD I. (1196-1197). 67 

Gervasii Painell usque ad adventum Regis ab Alemannia\ In th'ro 
c. et xxxiii.li. et vi.s. et viii.d. Et debet c. marc. Stephanus de 
Belchamp debet x. marc, pro habendo recto de feodo duorum mili- 
tuni in Wichmore et Schireston versus Rogerum de Summervill. 
Galfridus le Salvage debet xl.s. ne transfretet in tertio exercitu 
Normanniae et pro scutagio suo de feodo dimidii militis. Radulplius 
de Sumeri debet cccc. marc, pro habenda terra quse fuit Gervasii 
Painell avunculi sui per finem factum rum Rege in Alemannia. 
De Secundo Scutagio. 

Tomas de Verdun xx.s. de Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de lx.li. de Scutagio. In th'ro xxxili. et xviii.s. 
et vi.d. Et debet xxviii.li. et xviii.d. 

Hugo Pantulf xl.s. in hoc Comitatu. 

Henricus de Oilli vi.s. et viii.d. in hoc Comitatu. 

Comes de Ferrariis . Willielmus de Braiosa 
De Tertio Scutagio. 

Tomas de Verdun xx.s. de Scutagio. Hugo Pantulf xl.s. in 
hoc Comitatu. Comes de Ferrariis . Willielmus de Braiosa 

Herveius Bagot et Henricus de Oilli habent quietantiam per brevia 
Archiepiscopi. 

De Excaetis. 

(Idem Vicecomes r.c-. de v.s. de firma de Hulle de anno integro. Et 
de viii.s. et ii.d. de Aluredestona de tribus partibus anni. In th'ro 
lib. in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus Basset viii. marc, et dimidiam per cartam de 
debitis Aaron. Et c.s. per aliam. Et c.s. per aliam. 

Galfridus films Petri r.c. de ix.li. de firma de Kenefare. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

From the Oxfordshir-e Pipe-Roll^ 9 Ric. I. 

Hugo de Nevilla Gustos. Galfridus le Sauvage pro eo. 
Wido de Dive debet xi.li. et xiii.s. de debitis Aaron et xs. de 
scutagio Pagani de Paries in Rollenrith quos ipse recepit. 
De placitis Grodfridi Wintoneyisis Episcopi. 

Ricardus de Stratton reddit compotum de dimid marc, pro defectu 
et de v.s. de scutagio de Welebiri. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
Hvlda de Gai debet x.s. de scutagio Pagani de Paries in Nordbroc. 
De tertio scutagio. 

Rpbertus de Harecurt debet dimid. marc, de scutagio sed habet 
quietanciam per breve Huberti Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi quod est 
in forulo Marescalli de Leircestrescire et Warewicscire de anno 
preterito quia Willelmus filius ejus fuit ultra mare pro ipso in ser- 



68 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

vitio Eegis. Eadulf us de Sumeri xx.s. de scutagio de Chiselhan- 
ton Gervasii Painell. 

From the Pipe-Roll of NottingJiamshire and Derbyshire, 9 Ric. I. 

Oliverus filius Nigelli reddit compotum de i. marca ut scribatur 
in magno Eotulo concordia facta inter ipsum et Johannem Salt- 
cheverel quse recordata fuit coram Baronibus de Scaccario presen- 
tibus predictis et assensum prebentibus scilicet de tota hereditate 
Eadulfi filii Ercaldi quse inter illos partiri debuit ut ex portione 
sororum scilicet quod predicto Olivero remansit cum esnescia tota 
terra de Bubendona et de Langeford et de Malmerton et de Tur- 
vedeston et de Wudehus cum pertinentiis istarum terrarum in 
Derebiscira, et in Staffordscira tota terra de Adelakeston cum 
pertinentiis prseter viii. bovatas terrse cum pertinentiis et prseter 
molendinum cum sequela et pertinentiis ; et eidem 0. remanet totum 
feodum quod fuit Eadulfi filii Ercaldi in Stanton et in Calewich et 
Prestewude. Et prefato Johamii remansit in portione sua in Staf- 
fordscira tota terra de Norwude cum pertinentiis; et Chedele et viii. 
bovataeinAdelakestona cum molendino et pertinentiis et totum feo- 
dum quod fuit Eadulfi filii Ercaldi in Chavernesse et in Eumesoura 
et in Hopewell in Derebiscira, tenendum de predicto Olivero ut de 
antenato et de heredibus suis. Et pro hac concordia dedit idem 0. 
xx. marcas argenti prefato Johanni salvo jure et' clamio utrique 
illorum in terra de Caldecote quse fuit predicti Eadulfi. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 9 RICHARD I. (MICHAELMAS, 1197). 

Here, for a novelty, we have the Firma Comitatds of Stafford- 
shire distinctly announced as 140. blanche. The details of account 
exactly fulfil that principle. The change was probably due to some 
new rule of Exchequer precedure. The Shropshire Pipe-Eoll, of 
parallel date, adopts the new formula. 

Bishop Hugh de Novant's right to Eugeley and Cannock has been 
duly recognised as relieving the Sheriffs ferm of 61s. Uanche. 

The King's Manors throughout the County were understocked. 
To recompense the Sheriff for this deficieny, or to enable him to. 
replace it, his Ferm was abated in account by 11 11s. lOd. Uanche. 

Eichard Waggetail had been just ten years in paying one-half 
of his original amercement of 6s. 8d. (See Staff. Collect,, I., 130.) 

Hugh de Loges, the new Forester of Cannock, is amerced 2, 
because he did not come and render account of his ferm on the day 
appointed him. Presumably this was one of those amercements 
which were usually expressed more briefly as pro defaltd. 



ROLL OF 9 RICHARD I. (1196-1197). 69 

Page 66. Idem Vicecomes debet 13 5s. 4d. de Taillagio, &c. 
The proceeds of a late Tallage had been paid in at the "Exchequer of 
Redemption," said the Sheriff. My notion is that the primary ob- 
ject of tallage or taliation was to tax persons or estates, who or which 
were exempt from ordinary burdens, such as scutage or personal 
service in the army. The word talis, with all its derivatives, such 
as tally, taliation, retaliation, and, we -may add, tallage, involves an 
idea of comparison, equalisation, or adjustment. The principle of 
enacting tallage was that each class of estate ought to bear its due 
proportion of national burdens ; the principle of assessing tallage 
was that estates liable to the impost should be assessed according 
to their relative competency. Therefore, as we see in the Pipe- 
Eolls, whenever the King decided on a tallage of his demesnes he 
appointed special Commissioners to see that it was assessed equitably. 

There were many King's Marshalls. The Marshall of the Host 
had, it would seem, to keep a distinct Register of all the knights 
whose personal attendance' exempted them from scutage. King's 
Serjeants also, if their tenure was by military service, reported to 
the Marshall their presence in the host for the period prescribed by 
the terms of their Serjeantry. 

The Marshall will have kept his Rolls in Schedules proper to each 
English Shrievaltry. These Rolls, we may presume, were sent in 
due course to the Viceroy, who certified the exemptions arising 
from each Schedule to the respective Sheriffs of Counties. 

Hence resulted those lists and Schedules which we see incor- 
porated in the Pipe-Rolls, or copied in the Testa-de-Neville, and 
which are usually entitled Isti hdbent quietantiarn per brevia. 

A Marshall's Roll, in its original form, I have never seen ; and 
so am obliged to speak conjecturally on the subject. 

Oliver fitz Nigel's Fine of one merk procured the insertion on the 
Great Roll of his agreement with John Sacheverell. 

The document relates to considerable estates in Derbyshire and 
Staffordshire, all I believe held under the See of Coventry. This 
Final Concord has been already described in the First Volume (pp. 
152-3) of the Staffordshire Collections. Its topographical and 
genealogical relevances will again bring it under notice, particularly 
should any attempt be made to trace the several descendants of 
Nigel de Stafford, from whom I conceive that Oliver, party to the 
Fine of 1197, was fourth in descent. 

Margaret Bubendon, named in this Fine, was, in the year 1166, 
.Tenant, immediate or mesne, of the whole of the estates partitioned 



70 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

by this Fine between her heir and the heir of her younger sister. 
She had been in girlhood in ward to the Chamberlain Clinton, the 
Founder of Kenilworth. Her husband, deceased in 1166, was 
Nicholas fitz Nigel, grandson rather than son of Nigel de Stafford. 
Margaret's son, a third Nigel, occurs from 1170 to about 1178, and 
his son and heir was the present Oliver. 

The great question is, who was Ralph fitz Ercald, whose estates 
became thus devisible between the heirs of Margaret and the heirs of 
her sister ? He was a knight holding two fees, before the year 
1135, under the See of Lichfield. He belonged then to that dark 
and unrecorded period of provincial history which ensued upon 
Domesday, and obnubilated Staffordshire till Milo de Gloucester 
held the Shrievalty of the County (1129-1130), and tiU Monastic 
Foundations, commencing with that of the little Priory of Stone, 
went on to glimmer through that greater darkness which ensued on 
the nation's crime, the usurpation of Stephen. 

Most of the estates mentioned in this Fine were of the Bishop's 
Domesday Fief. Stanton (in Ellaston parish) and a part of Cheadle 
were acquired by the See after Domesday. Thus, Ralph fitz Ercald's 
feoffment by the Bishop comprised (1) Ellaston, with its members 
of Prestwood, North wood, and Ramsor, the four probably consti- 
tuting the Bishop's Domesday Manor of Edelaghestone ; (2) Stanton 
above-named, as in Ellaston .parish. It was in manu Regis at 
Domesday, and was waste (3) Cheadle, a part of, not now dis- 
tinguishable, (4) Colwich, that is, a part of that Domesday territory 
which was afterwards called by the general name " Colwich ;" (5) 
Charnes, in Eccleshall, called Cevertust in the Bishop's Domesday 
Schedule ; (6) Bubden, or the greater part of the Bishop's Derby- 
shire estate of Bubedene ; (7) Longford, at the date of Domesday, a 
mere appendage of Jlubedene ; (8) Mamerton, Lower Thurvaston, and 
Woodhouse, all appendages, as I guess, of the same Bubedene (9) 
Hop well, in Derbyshire, a Domesday Berewick of the Bishop's great 
Manor of Sawley ; (10) Caldecote, in Warwickshire the Bishop's 
at Domesday. 

The parties to the above Fine divide " their claim " upon Calde- 
cote ; they do not divide the estate itself. Probably neither party 
had seizin of Caldecote at the time, nor can I find any evidence 
that their descendants recovered the estate. 



ROLL OF 10 RICHARD I. (1197-1198). 71 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 10 KICHAED I. (1197-1198). 

Hugo de Chaucumba et Galfridus films Petri, Tomas de Erdinton 
pro eo, r.c. de c. et xx.li. bl. de firma de Staffordscira. Scilicet Hugo 
de tribus partibus anni et Tomas de quarta parte anni. In th'ro 
xix.li. et v.s.bl. per manum praedicti Hugonis. Et iiii.li. et xii.s. et 
iii.d. bl. per manum praedicti Tomae. 

Et in Elemosinis constitutis militibus de Templo i. marc. Et 
Canonicis de Trentham c.s. in Blorton et Cokenache. Et in libera- 
tione constituta Canonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custodiam 
Dornorum Eegis de Canot. Et x. servientibus peditibus ix.li. et ii.s. 
et vi.d. ad. custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. Et in Terris datis 
Monachis de Bordesleia x.li. bl. in Terdebigga. Et Willielmo de 
Herovilla Ix.s. bl. in Wodnesberia. Et Militibus de Templo xliiis. 
et iiii.d. bl. in Kiel. Et in pastur& quam Eex concessit Johanni 
Extraneo viii.s. et viii.d. Et in Wasto Forestae de Secchulle ix.s. 
Et in reparatione vivarii Eegis apud Kenefare x. marc, per breve 
Huberti Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi et per visum Tomas de Pres- 
tewurde et Simonis de Alvithelega. Et in reparatione Castelli 
subter Limam xi.s. per manum Hugonis de Chaucumba per breve 
Eegis. Et in reparatione ejusdem Castelli iiii. *marc. per manum 
Tomse de Erdintona per praedictum breve Eegis. Et in reparatione 
Gaiole de Stafford xxvi.d. per manum praedicti Hugonis per idem 
breve. Et per Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis ix.s. per manum ejus- 
dem Hugonis. Et pro ferramentis ad prisones v.s. per manum 
praedicti Tomae. Et. pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis v.s. et vi.d. 
per manum praedicti Tomae. Et debet praedictus Hugo Ixi.li. et 
xviii.s. et iii.d. bl. Sed respondet infra. Et debet praedictus Tomas 
xiii.li. et viii.s. vi.d. bl. Sed praedictus Tomas respondet infra post 
Nova Oblata. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiii.s. et iiii.d. de firma de Brom. Et 
de i. marc, de firma de Eoleia. In th'ro lib. in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes pro habendo Comitatu ad antiquam firmam 
quamdiun Eegi placuerit. 

Hugo de Loges qui habetheredem Eoberti de Broch r.c. de xxx.s. 
sicut H. Coventrensis Episcopus respondet in Eotulo octavo. In 
th'ro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de Ix.s. de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. 
Et de iii.s. de Exitu Molendini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in ii. 
talliis. E. Q. E. Hugo des Loges r.c. de x. marc, de Censu Forestse 
de Canot. de hoc anno. Et de v. marc, de Censu ejusdem Forestse 



72 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

de dimidio anno sexto. In th'ro x. marc. Et debet v. marc. Idem 
r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Hugo r.c. de xxxii.s. et iii.d.. de pasnagio ejusdem Forestse 
de anno pra3terito. In th'ro xiii.s. et viii.d. Et debet xviii.s. et 
vii.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Petrus 
del Broc debet xli. de veteri firma Forestse de Canot et de fine 
quern fecit pro habenda terra Koberti del Broch et forestaria de 
Canot. Eicardus Waggetail r.c. de iii.s. et ii.d. quia retraxit se. In 
th'ro vi.d. Et debet xxxiiii.d. Willielmus de Braiosa debet 
xxxiii.li. et x.s. et obolum de veteri firma de Erleia Adamse de Port 
sicut continetur in Eotulo prsecedente octavo. 

Villata de Novo Castello Hugo Bardulf r.c. de xii.s. et ii.d. pro 
defectu de misericordia Villatse de Novo Castello. In th'ro nihil. 
Et Flandrensibus xii.s. et ii.d. de feodis s'uis in Anglia per breve 
Galfridi filii Petri quod attulit de computandis sibi Ix. libris quas 
prsedictis Flandrensibus liberavit de praedictis feodis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo des Loges r.c. de xl.s. quia non venit ad compotum suum 
reddendum de firma Forestse de Canot ad terminum sibi statutum. 
In thesauro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

De Scutagio Wallice. 

Herveius Bagot lxviii.s. pro militibus suis. Willielmus 
Marescallus debet xlii.s. de veteri firma de Kenefara pro Johanne 
Marescallo fratre suo quos idem 'Johannes cognovit se recepisse 
sicut continetur in Rotulo quarto. Aihnarus de Mera r.c. de 
xviii.d. pro falso clamore. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Willielmus filius 
Estive debet v.s. et ii.d. pro plegio Gerardi Gansell. In th'ro iii.s. 
et vi.d. Et debet xx.d. 

Hugo Bardulf r.c. de c. et x.s. de Scutagio quos Hugo de Chau- 
cumba cognovit se recepisse. In th'ro nihil. Et Flandrensibus c. et 
x.s. de feodis suis in Anglia per breve Galfridi filii Petri quod attulit 
de computandis sibi Ix.li. quos predictis Flandrensibus liberavit de 
prsedictis feodis. E. Q. E. 

De Pladtis H. Coventrensis' (Episcopi) et Sociorum ejus. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de iiis. et viii.d. de Tedinga Bernardi filii 
Lefwini pro fuga Keginaldi. Et de i. marc, de Willielmo de San- 
ford pro habenda assisa sicut continetur in Eotulo prsecedenti. Et 
de ii.s. et ii.d. de Ailrico de Whitegrava pro super assisa. Et de ils. 
et viiLd. de Gilberto de Whitegrava pro eodem. In th'ro Kb. in iiii. 
talliis. E. Q. E. Tedinga Eadulphi de Aclea r.c. de iis. et viii.d. 
pro fuga Eadulphi filii Eadulphi. In th'ro xx.d. Et debet xii.d. 
Hugo filius Petri r.c. de xiiii. marc, pro habenda custodia terras et 






KOLL OF 10 RICHARD I. (1197-1198). 73 

heredis quse fuit Willielmi de Bushala quse est de feodo ipsius 
Hugonis. In th'ro iiii. marc. Et debet x. marc. Idem r.c ; de 
eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Scutagio ad Redemptionem, Regis. 

Episcopus de Cestriti debet xl.s. de Scutagio. Kadulphus de 
Sumeri r.c. de xxxvilli. et xix.s. et ii.d. de Scutagio Gervasii Painell. 
In th'ro ix.li. Et debet xxviii.li. et xix.s. et iid. Tomas de Verdun 
Ix.li. de Scutagio. 

debet xx.s. de Scutagio. Sed habet quietantiam per breve Huberti 
Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi Galfridi filii Petri. Herveius Bagot 
De Placitis Willielmi Herefordensis Episcopi. 

Tedihga. Magistri Bromwiz r.c. de iis. et ii.d. pro fuga Hasculfi. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Tedinga Mcholai de Langedona r.c. de ii.s. et 
ii.d. pro fuga" ipsius Nicholai. In th'ro xiiii.d. Et debet xii.d. 
Ailwinus filius Lefurici r.c. de vi.s. et ii.d. quia non habuit quern 
plegiavit. In th'ro vi.d. Et debet v.s. et viii.d. Tedinga Edrici 
Bulstan r.c. de iii.s.s. et ii.d. pro fuga Eoberti filii Ernaldi. In th'ro 
vi.d. Et debet ii.s. viii.d. Eobertus de la Lea r.c. de dimid. marc, 
quia non habuit quam plegiavit. In th'ro vi.d. Et debet vi.s. et 
ii.d. Walterus filius Godwin! debet vi.s. et ii.d. pro eodem. Pyre- 
hul hundred debet x.s. et iii.d. pro murdro. Tedinga Gilberti de Vado 
r.c. de iiii.s. et ii.d. pro fug! Eoberti de Lude. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

IdemVicecomes debet xiiLli. et v.s. et iiii.d. de Taillagio Villarum 
in Staffordscira quarum nomina et debita annotantur in Eotulo 
octavo quse ideo non redduntur quia fuerunt reddita ad Scac- 
carium de Eedemptione sicut Vicecomes dicit. Idem Vicecomes 
debet x. marc, de fine Eicardi de Dalham Decani quee fuerunt 
redditse ad prsedietum Scaccarium sicut idem Vicecomes dicit. 

(De Pwmissis per H. Cantuariensem Archiepiscopum. 
Eicardus de Vernun . xxli. pro xx. libratis terrse. Eadulphus 
de Sumeri c. marc, pro habenda saisin& Baroniae quse fuit 

Gervasii Painell usque ad adventum Eegis ab Alemanuia. Idem 
Radulphus cccc. marc, pro habenda terra quse fuit Gervasii 
Painell avunculi sui per finem factum cum Eege in Alemannia. 
Stephanus de Belchamp x. marc, pro habendo recto sicut con- 
tinetur in Eotulo prsecedente. Galfridus le Salvage r.c. de xl.s. 
ne transfretet in tertio exercitu Normanno et pro Scutagio suo de 
feodo dimidii militis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
De Secundo Scutagio. 

Tomas de Verdun habet quietantiam de Scutagio suo per breve 
Gralfridi filii Petri. Herveius Bagot xxviiLU. et xviiid. de 



74 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Scutagio. Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xl.s. de Scutagio Hugonis Pan- 
tulf. Et de vi.s. et viii.d. de Scutagio Henrici de Oilli in hoc 
Comitatu. In th'ro lib. in ii. talliis E. Q. E. 

Comes de Ferrariis . Willielmus de Braiosa 
De Tertio Scutagio. 

Tomas de Verdun habet quietantiam de Scutagio suo per breve 
Galfridi filii Petri. Hugo Pantulf r.c. de xl.s. de Scutagio. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. Comes de Ferrariis . Willelmus de Braiosa 

De Escaeiis. 

Stephanus de Turneham v.s. de firma de Hulla. Idem 
de Aluredestona. Willielmus Basset viii. marc, et dimid. per 
cartam de debitis Aaron. Et c.s. per aliam. Et c.s. per aliam. 
Henricus de Furnellis i. marc, ut concessio quam Henricus de la 
Pomeraie ei fecit scribatur in Magno Eotulo sicut continetur in 
Rotulo prsecedente. 

Nova Oblata. 

Willielmus de Wudetona debet iii. marc, pro habendo breve de 
recto de f eodo unius militis in Nordbiri versus Johannem de Kilpech. 

Willielmus Museberd debet dimid. marc, pro disseisina. Et 
Wimarus de Bromlega debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. Idem 
Vicecomes r.c. de xx.s. de Willielmo de Greselega pro disseisina. Et 
de dimid. marc, de Eogero de Melewich pro eodem. Et de dimid. 
marc, de Hugone de Acoure de misericordia. In th'ro lib. in iii. 
talliis. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus Euffus debet c.s. pro habenda terra sua de Waleshale 
qui requirebantur in Norfolk et Sudfolk. 

Taillagium Scutagii factum per Galfridum filium Petri et Wil- 
lielmum Briwere et Hugonem Bardulf. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xx.li. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. de Taillagiis Vil- 
larum factis per praedictos quorum nomina et debita annotantur in 
Eotulo quem prsedicti liberaverunt in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in xi. 
talliis. E. Q. E. 

Villata de Canot et de Eugeleia xx.s. de prsedicto tallagio. 

Galfridus films Petri, Tomas de Herdintona pro eo, r.c. de xiiUi. 
et viiis. et vi.d. bl. de firma Comitatus de quarta parte anni. In 
th'ro nihil. Et in Defalti instauramenti per maneria Comitatus 
lxx.s. de prsedicto termmo. Et debet x.li. et ii.s. bl. Idem r.c. de 
eodem debito. In th'ro nihil. Et Matheo de Gamages Ixxv.s. in 
Wigintona de quarta parte anni per breve Eegis. Et eidem xxx.s, 
in Mere de eodem termino per idem breve. Et eidem xx.s. in 
Tethale de eodem termino per idem breve. Et debet iiii.LL et iii.s. 



ROLL OF 10 RICHARD I. (1197-1198). 75 

et iii.d. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de xl.s. de Gersuma pro habenda 
custodia Vivarii Eegis^xtra Stafford sibi et heredibis suis et ut 
faciat ibi Molendinum si velit et debet sustentare et Molendinum 
et stagnum de proprio et, sive fecerit sive non, reddet per annum 
dimid. marc. In th'ro lib. xl. solidos. E. Q. E. Idem W. xx.d 
de quarta parte annui redditus praedictse dimidise marcae. 

Hugo de Chaucumba r.c. de Ixi.li. et xviii.s. et iii.d. bl. de firma 
comitatus de tribus partibus anni. In th'ro xx.li. bl. Et debet 
xli.li. et xviii.s. . et iii.d. bl. 

From the Worcestershire Pipe-Roll, 10 Ric. I. 

Nova Oblata. 

Yvo de Waleton debet ii. marc, pro habendo breve de recto de 
duabus partibus feodi i.militis in Morton versus Eobertum de Morton. 

From the Derbyshire Pipe-Roll, 10 Ric. I. 

Willelmus de Acpv'e debet dimid. marc, pro falso clameo. 

From the Oxfordshire Pipe-Roll, 10 Ric. I. 

Eadulphus de Sumeri debet xx.s. de Chiselhampton set habet 
quietantiam per breve Huberti Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi sicut 
continetur in Eotulo viii. in Staffordscira. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 10 RICHARD I. (MICHAELMAS, 1198). 

Hugh de Chaucumbe's Shrievalty had ended at Midsummer, 1198. 
His successor, Geoffrey fitz .Piers, having Thomas de Erdinton for 
deputy, had held office for three months. 

The proceeds of Eugeley and Canriock (3 Is. per annum) are 
now discharged from the " Terrse datse " of the year. This was, per- 
haps, owing to the Bishop of Coventry's death in April, 1198. On 
June 21st following, Geoffrey de Muschamp, Archdeacon of Cleve- 
land, had been consecrated to the See of Coventry, but this acquisi- 
tion of his precedessor was not restored to him till Christmas, 1198. 
(See Eoll, 1 John.) 

IDEM YICECOMES, &c. The entry is underlined in token of 
cancellation. It related to Hugh de Chaucumbe's Fine for the 
Shrievalty, which was at an end. No instalment remained to be 
exacted. No balance was against him. His quietus had been 
allowed in the Eoll of 9 Eic. I. (Supra p. 64.) 

Villata de .Novo Castello. The words are cancelled and " Hugo 
Bardulf " substituted. Still the words of the whole sentence are 
unintelligible from misarrangeinent ; they should read thus, "Hugo 
Bardulf r.c. de 12s. 2d. de misericordia Villatae de Novo Castello 



76 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

pro defectu." The .whole case was as follows : Hugh Bardulf 
having paid 60 in the stipends of certain Flanclrian Mercenaries 
had got a Writ from Geoffrey Fitz Piers empowering him (Bardulf) 
to reimburse himself. This he in part did by collecting an out- 
standing Crown-debt from the Burghers of New-Castle. And it is 
noticeable that this Writ was not issued by Fitz Piers as Sheriff of 
Staffordshire but as Viceroy of England. To this high dignity he 
had been appointed by a Writ-de-Ultra-mare of King Richard, 
dated July llth, 1198. .The Writ created Fitz Piers " Justiciar and 
Viceroy of England " in succession to Archbishop Hubert. 

Again, we have here the ratio and meaning of a Sheriff appoint- 
ing a Deputy. The Chief-Justice or Viceroy was in those days 
Comniander-in-Chief of the Army of England. He had no time to 
bestow, on the due collection of Crown-debts, or the due execution 
of malefactors. In the first two months of his Viceroyalty, Fitz 
Piers defeated the host of Wenwynwyn, at Castle Matilda, in Elvel. 
In September, October, and November we find Fitz Piers presiding 
again and again at the sittings of the Curise Eegis at Westminster 
and in the Provinces. 

The Ptecord of Henry de Furneaux' Fine of one merk is incor- 
porated in the Staffordshire Pipe-Roll by mere clerical error, arising 
in the Fine itself having been exhibited in the Roll of 9 Ric. I. on 
a space at the foot of the Staffordshire membrane. The Fine, as 
the names Furneaux and Pomerai suggest, belonged to Devonshire. 

Nova Oblata. 

William de Wude.ton was of Wootton, in Stanton-Lacy (Shrop- 
shire). Both he and John de Kilpec were vassals of the Barons 
Lacy of Ewyas, of whose Fief, at the date of Domesday, Norbury 
was a member. I refer elsewhere' for other names and subjects . 
associated with this Fine. (Staff. Collect., I., 235. Staff. Domes- 
day, p. 81. Antiq. Shropshire, III., 15.) 

The connection of William Rufus' family with Walsall has been 
already shown (Supra p. 7). 

Taillagium Scutagii. A Tallage has been assessed on the King's 
demesnes in Staffordshire. The Assessors were Geoffrey Fitz. Piers, 
William Briwere, and Hugh Bardulf, all Sheriffs of Counties. Their 
assessment-roll was not copied into the Pipe-Roll, but sent to the 
Treasury. Estates in the position of Rugeley and Cannock (that of 
temporary escheat) were frequently subjected to Tallage. How 
else could they be brought to bear their share of the national 
burdens ? 






ROLL OF 10 RICHARD I. (1197-1198) 77 

The expression, Taillagium Scutagii, is apropos to what has been 
already said on the essence and etymology of the word Tallage. It 
was a taliatory or adjustive tax, laying a proportion of the expenses 
of foreign war on parties not amenable to scutage. . 

GEOFFREY FITZ PIERS, through his deputy Erdinton, here fur - 
nishes an account which was supplementary of the Corpus Comitatus. 
Twenty-five Librates of Crown lands in Staffordshire had, about 
Midsummer, 1198, been granted by the King to Matthew de 
Gamages, viz., 15 in the King's Manor' of Wiginton, 6 in Mere 
(Meertown), and 4 in Tettenhall Kegis. One quarter of each item 
of Revenue being due to the Grantee at Michaelmas 1198, is now 
allotted to him. 

It must not be supposed that in such cases the actual lands or 
any part of them were actually given over to the Grantee-, in fee 
and inheritance. The grant was frequently a mere form of securing 
an income or salary to a Eelative or Favourite or active servant of 
the King. It was made a charge on the Sheriffs ferm. He paid 
over the money ; he did not surcease from farming the estates. 

Nevertheless, such charges on the Sheriffs farm, occurring, 
vanishing, and recurring through the Eolls of half a century, will 
enable us eventually to show the fiscal* or putative value of most 
of the Crown lands of Staffordshire, and will suggest within a few 
pounds how the annual blanche ferm of 140 was theoretically 
composed. 

Down to the present date (1198) the Pipe-Eolls have not sup- 
plied us with definite and full proof as to how many and what 
Manors of ancient demesne or ancient Escheat constituted the Cor- 
pus Comitatus of Staffordshire. And of some Manors, clearly 
identified to have belonged to this category, the full fiscal value has 
not yet been declared. We have, perhaps, the full fiscal value of 
Trentham, viz., 30 blanche ; of Penkridge, viz., 8 blanche ; of Tar- 
beck, viz., .10 blanche ; of Wednesbury, viz., 4 blanche ; and of 
Wigginton, viz., 15. Of Tettenhall, another Manor of the Corpus 
Comitatus, we have had evidence of only 4, whether the whole or 
part of its fiscal value. Of the twelve Staffordshire Manors of the 
Veins Dominium Corona (see Collections, L. p. 133), we are so far 
assured of seven as still constituting part of the Terra Eegis of 
Staffordshire at the time of Henry II.'s accession. (To this subject 
it will be fitter to recur in an appendix.) 

Of estates of Ancient Escheat, few. indeed reached the hands of 
Henry II. as simply Terra Eegis, capable of being thrown into the 



78 THE STAFFOKDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

firma comitatus. It will here suffice to instance Meertown, repre- 
senting 8 blanche in the said Ferm, and Kugeley with Cannock, 
representing 3 Is. 

The Staffordshire Roll of A.D. 1198, introduces William fitz 
Wymer as taking, in hereditary fee-farm, custody of the King's 
Vivary at Stafford. He pays 2 on entry (de gersumd). He is to 
errect a Mill there if he chooses, but must keep it up at his own 
charges. Whether he built the Mill or not, he was to pay a fee- 
farm rent of half a merk yearly. The transaction was equivalent 
to the constitution of a mixed Serjeantry, A service and a rent 
were secured to the Crown. 

In modification of some former remarks on the subject of the 
King's Vivary at Stafford, it here appears that it was an aquatic 
Vivary, not a menagery as was the Royal Vivary at Woodstock. It 
was on the Sow, and just outside the Walls of the Burgh. It was 
no accessory of any Castle of Stafford. Least of all are we en- 
couraged in the idea that Henry II. or his son had any Castle at all 
in or near Stafford. (SeeDomesday Studies, Staffordshire, pp. 19-21.) 

Hugh de Chaucumbe, it seems, had quitted the Shrievalty (in 
June) owing 41 18s. 3d. of his nine months' ferm. 



MAG. ROT. PIP. 11 RIC. I. & 1 JOHN (1198-1199). 

Galfridus films Petri, Tomas de Erdintona pro eo, r.c. de c. et 
xl.li. bl. de firma Comitatus. In th'ro iiii.li. et iiii.s. et vi.d. bl. Et 
in Elemosinis constitutis militibus -de Templo i. marc. EtCanonicis 
de Trenham c.s. in Blortona et Cokenache. Et in liberatione con- 
stituta Canonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custodiam Domorum 
Regis de Cnot. Et x. servientibus peditibus ix.li. et ii.s. et vi.d. ad 
custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. Et in Terris datis Monachis 
de Bordesleisi x.li. bl. in Terdebigga. Et Willielmo de Herovilla 
Ix.s. bl. in Wodnesberia. Et Militibus de Templo xliii.s. et iiii.d. 
bl. in Kiel. Et in pastura quam Rex concessit Johanni 
Extraneo viii.s. et viii.d. Et in Wasto Forestse de Sechull ix.s. Et 
Matheo de Gamages xv.li. bl. in Wiginton. Et eidem iiii.li. in 
Tettehale. Et Matheo de Gamages x.s. de reragio terrse de Mera 
de anno prseterito, de quarta parte anni. Et eidem viii.li. in prsedicta 
Mera de hoc anno. Et Galfrido Episcopo Cestrensi xlv.s. et ix.d. bl. 
in Canot et Rugeleia de tribus partibus anni. Et pro Castello super 
Limam efforciando ix.li. et x.s. per breve Galfridi filii Petri. Et pro 
militibus et servientibus sustentandis in exercitu Walise ix.li. et 



ROLL OF 11 RICHARD I. AND 1 JOHN (1198-1199). 79 

xiiii.s. et viii.d. per breve ejusdem. Et in emendatione duarum 
Gaiolarum apud Stafford et apud Novum Castellum desuper Limam 
xxv.s. per breve Eegis. Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis xx.s. 
Et pro instaurando Manerio de Pencul pro xvi. Bobus xlviii.s. Et 
pro duobus Affris vi.s. Et pro xxv. vaccis Ixxv.s. Et pro uno 
tauro. iii.s. Et pro xv. Scrophis et uno verre xvi.s. Et in Instauro 
de Wulstanestona pro xvi. Bobus et uno affro li.s. Et pro xxv. 
vaccis et uno tauro IxxviiLs. Et pro xv. Scrophis et uno verre 
xvi.s. Et in Instauro apud Meram pro vi. Bobus et una vacca 
xxi.s. Et in Instauro de Tettenhale pro viii. Bobus et x. vaccis 
liiii.s. Et pro xxx. porcis xxx.s. Et pro uno verre xii.d. Et in 
Instauro de Alrewas pro viii. Bobus et un& vacca et uno tauro et 
uno affro xxxiii.s. et pro x. scrophis et x. porcis et uno verre xxi.s. 
Et in custamento posito super vivarium Castelli desuper Limam 
xv. s. per breve Eegis. Et in defectu Maneriorum per Comitatum 
x.li. et x.s. de tribus partibus anni. Et in quietantia terrarum 
Episcopi Cestrensis de quibus ipse Episcopus attulit Cartam de 
quietantia in hoc anno de auxilio Vicecomitis iiii.li. et vi.s. hoc 
anno. Et debet xx.li. et v.s. et Ix.d. bl. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiii.s. et iiii.d. de firma de Brom. Et de 

marc, de firma de Eoleia. In th'ro lib. in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. Idem 
Vicecomes r.c. de Ix.s. de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de 

s. de exituMolendinideCradeleia. In th'ro lib. in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo des Loges r.c. de x. marc, de Censu Forestae de Canot Et de 
vis. de Pasnagio ejusdem Forestse de anno praeterito. In th'ro lib. 
in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Petrus del Broc debet x.li. de veteri firma Forestse de Canot. Et 
de fine quern fecit pro habenda terra Eoberti del Broch et Forestaria 
de Canot. Eicardus Waggetail r,c. de xxxiiii.d. quia retraxit se. 
In th'ro vi.d. Et debet xxviild. 

Williellnus de Braiosa debet xxiiii.li. et x.s. et obolum de veteri 
firma. de Erleia Adamse de Port sicut continetur in Eotulo octavo. 

d debent requiri in Devenescira 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de Ixviii.s. de militibus suis. In th'ro lib. 

Q. E. 

Willielinus Marescallus debet xlii.s. de veteri firma de Kenefara 
iro Johanne Marescallo fratre suo, sicut continetur in Eotulo quarto. 

Williellnus films Estgievse r.c. de xx.d. pro plegio Gerardi 
Gansell. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Tedinga Eadulphi de Acleia r.c. de xii.d. pro fuga Eadulphi filii 
Radulphi. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



80 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

De Scutagio ad Redemptionem Regis Eicardi. 

Episcopus Cestriae r.c. de xl.s. de Scutagio. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eadulphus de Sumeri r.c. de xxviii.li. et xix.s. In th'ro vili. et 
xiii.s. et viild. Et debet xxii.li. et v.s. et iiii.d. de quibus reddidit 
iiii.li. et vi.s. et iiii.d. anno Eegis Kicardi Sexto in Wirecestrescira, 
et ix.li. et xii.d. de eodem Scutagio eodem anno in Bukingehamscira 
et Bedefordscira et vii.li. et xiiis. de eodem Scutagio eodem anno 
in Bercscira, et xx.s. de eodem Scutagio eodem anno in Oxene- 
fordscira scilicet de feodo de Chiselhamton, et v.s. de eodem 
scutagio anno septimo in Warewicscira. Et sic quietus est. 

Herveius Bagot Ix.li. de Scutagio. 

De Placitis WilHelmi Herefordensis Episcopi. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xii.d. de Tedinga Mcolai de Langedona. 
Et ii.s. et viii.d. de Tedinga Edrici Bulstan. Et de x.s. et iii.d. de 
Pirehul hundred pro murdro. In th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. E. Q. E. 
Ailwinus filius Levrici r.c. de v.s. et viii.d. quia non habuit quern 
plegiavit. In th'ro xiid. et debet iiii.s et viiLd. Eobertus de la 
lea debet vi.s. et ii.d. pro eodern. Walterus filius Godwin! r.c. de 
vi.s. et ii.d. pro eodem. In th'ro xii.d. Et debet v.s. et ii.d. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xiiili. et v.s. et iiiid. de Tallagio 
Villarum Eegis in Staffordscira. Et x. marc, de fine Eicardi de 
Dalham Decani quse ideo non redduntur quia fuerunt redditae ad 
Scaccarium Eedemptionis Eegis Eicardi sicut continetur in Eotulo 
praecedenti. 

De Promissis per H. Cantuariensem Archiepiscopum. 

Eicardus de Vernun r.c. de xx.li. pro xx. libratis terrae. In th'ro 
x.li. et debet x.li. 

Eadulphus de Sumeri debet c. marc, pro habenda Saisina Baronia? 
quaa fuit Gervasii Painell usque ad adventum Eegis Eicardi ab 
Alemannia, sed recordatum est per Barones quod finis de ceo 
marc, quern fecit pro praedicta" Baronia de quo remanet in debito de 
prsedictis c. marc, sicut continetur in Eotulo nono non debet ab eo 
exigi quia comprehensus fuit in fine subscripto de cccc. marc, et 
quod cc. marc, quas reddidit in Eotulo anni ix. de preedicto fine debent 
ei locari in fine subscripto et sic non debet amplius summoniri ed 
predictis c. marc. Idem Eadulphus r.c. de cccc. marc, pro habendS, 
terra qua? fuit Gervasii Painell avunculi sui per finem factum cum 
Eege Eicardo in Alemannia computatis in fine isto ccc. marc, quas 
antea promiserat sicut recordatum est supra per barones. In th'ro 
1. marc. Et Magistro Philippo c.li. ad opus Eegis Eicardi per breve 
Eegis Eicardi quod venit Baronibus de computandis debitis et fini- 



ROLL OF 11 RICHARD I. AND 1 JOHN (1198-1199). 81 

bus ei solutis dum Hex Ricardus fuit in Alemannia quas idem 
Philippus Warantizavit se recepisse quod breve est in forulo mares - 
calli anno ix. in Norhantescira' per breve Eegis. Et in Rotulo nono 
reddidit cc. marc, in prasdicto fine de ccc. marc, sicut ibidem con- 
tinetur quae debent ei locari in hoc fine sicut supra annotatum est. 
Et sic quietus est. 

De Secundo Scutagio Regis Ricardi. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de xxviii.li. et xviii.d. de Scutagio. In th'ro 
ix.li. et xii.s. Et debet xviii.li. et ix.s. et vi.d. 

Comes de Ferrariis . Willielmus de Braiosa 

De Escaetis. 

Stephanus de Turneham v.s. de firma de Hulle et de Alure- 
destona. Willielmus Basset r.c. de viii. marc, et dimid. per cartam 
de debitis Aaron. Et de c.s. per aliam. Et de c.s. per aliam. In 
th'ro xl.s. Et debet xiii.li. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. 

Henricus deFurnellis debet i. marc, ut concessio quam Henricus 
de la Pomeraie ei fecit scribatur in magno Rotulo sicut continetur 
in Rotulo nono. Sed requirendus est in Devenescir&. 

Nova Oblata. 

Willielmus de Wudetona debet iii. marc, pro habendo brevi 
sicut continetur in Rotulo praecedenti. Idem Vicecomes r.c. de 
dimid. marc, de Willielmo Museberd pro disseising. Et de diinid. 
marc, de Wimaro de Bromlega pro falso clamore. Et de c.s. de 
Wilekino Ruffo pro habenda terra sua; de Waleshale. In th'ro lib. 

riii. talliis. E. Q. E. 
Villata de Canot et de Rugeleia r.c. de xx.s. de Tallagio. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de dimid. marc, de firma" Molendini 
ra Stafford quod debet sustentare sicut continetur in Rotulo 
prtecedenti. Et de xx.d. de quarta parte anni prseteriti. In th'ro 
b. in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo de Chaucumba xlLli. et xviii.s. et iii.d. bl. de firma Comita- 
1s de anno prseterito. Hugo des Loges debet i. marc, pro licentia" 
mcordandi se et Rogerum de Benetlega. 

Nova Oblata per Galfridnm filiuin Petri. 

Henricus de Wudetona r.c. de c.s. pro triginta solidatis terras in 
estretona cum pertinentiis quos Henricus Rex Pater Regis dedit 
faldevo de Waletona avunculo suo unde cartam suam habet et 
uam ei dedit occasione" quod domus ejus combusta fuit quando 
lenricus praedictus in ea hospitatatus fuit. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de c.li. pro Manerio et Foresta de 
G 



82 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Kenefara habendo sicut habuit de Eege Ricardo. In th'ro L1L 
Et debet Lli. Idem r.c. de iiii.li. et x.s. de Pasnagio Forestae de 
Kenefara. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Primo Scutagio Assiso ad duos Marcos post primam Coronationem 

Regis Johannis. 

Episcopus Cestrensis r.c. de xx.li de eodem Scutagio. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de quater xx.li. de Scutagio. In th'ro 
xxxv.li. et debet xlv.li. 

Hugo Pantulf litf. marc, de Scutagio. 

Henricus de Oilli viii.s. et x.d. et obolum de Scutagio. 

Comes de Ferrariis ii. marc, et dimid. de Scutagio scilicet de 
feodo unius militis et quarta parte unius militis sicut Vicecomes 
dicit in hoc Comitatu. 

Isti habent quietantiam per brevia. 

Comes Cestrensis. Eadulphus de Sumeri. Tomas de Verdum. 
Willielmus filius Alani viii. marc, de Scutagio in hoc Comitatu 
sicut Vicecomes dicit. 

Willielmus Muschet debet dimid. marc, ut scribatur in Magno 
Rotulo quietantia quam Alanus filius G-odwini fecit ei coram 
Baronibus de Scaccario sicut continetur in carta ipsius Alani cujus 
verba hcec sunt. ' Sciant tarn praesentes quam futuri quod ego 
Alanus filius Godwini quietum clamavi a me et heredibus meis 
Willielmo Muschet et heredibus suis imperpetuum totum jus et 
clameum quod habui in duabus virgatis terrae cum pertinentiis in 
\>> Dittona Scilicet in ilia virgata terrae cum pertinentiis quae fuit 
Turstani et in ilia alia quam Willielmus Muschet praedictus tenuit 
in dominico suo quas etiam aliquando clamavi versus ipsum 
Willielmum. Ita scilicet quod nee ego nee aliquis heredum meorum 
aliquod juris in ilia amodo clamare possimus. Et pro hac quiet& 
clamatione dedit mihi prsedictus Willielmus duas marcas argenti. 
Hanc autem quietam clamantiam feci in curia Domini Eegis apud 
Westmonasterium coram Baronibus Scaccarii. Et illam ibi Sigilli 
mei munimine roboravi. Facta autem fuit hsec Carta in Vigilia' 
Beati Martini anno Regni Eegis Johannis primo. 

Eustacius de Eye debet dimid. marc, ut scribatur in Magno Rotulo 
Quietantia quam Alauus filius Godwini fecit ei coram Baronibus de 
Scaccario sicut continetur in Carta ipsius Alani cujus verba haec 
sunt. Sciant prsesentes et futuri quod ego Alanus Capellanus filius 
Godwini quietum clamavi a me et heredibus meis Eustacio de Eye 
et heredibus suis im perpetuum totum jus et clamium quod habui 



ROLL OF 11 RICHARD I. AND 1 JOHN (1198-1199). 83 

in un& Virgat& terrae cum pertinentiis et in novem acris cum per- 
tinentiis inDittona quas aliquando clamavi versus ipsumEustachium. 
Ita videlicet quod nee ego nee aliquis heredum meorum aliquid 
juris in illis clamare amodo poterimus. Et pro hac quiet& clam- 
antia dedit mihi prsedictus Eustacius unam Marcam argenti Hanc 
etiam quietam clamationem feci in curia Domini Kegis apud West- 
monasterium anno Eegni Eegis Johannis primo in Vigilisl Sancti 
Martini Corani Baronibus Scaccarii et illam Sigilli mei appositione 
munivi. 

Tallagia facta per H. Arckidiaconum de Stafford et Willielmum de 
Faleisia et Socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de v. marc, de Tallagio de Villata de Kene- 
fare. Et de ii. marc, de Villat& de Clent. Et de iii. marc, de Villa 
de Suinford. Et de iii. marc, de Villa de Pencriz. Et de ii. marc, de 
Villa deWuIvrenehamtona. Etdexx.s. de Villa de Bromlegl Et de 
iii. marc, de Villa de Alrewas. Et de iiii. marc, de Villa de Pencul. 
Et de iii. marc, de Villa de Tamewurda. Et de x. marc, de Burgo 
de Stafford. Et de viii. marc, de Burgo de Novo Castello. Et de 
ii. marc, et dimid. de terra de Waleshale. Summa xxxi.li. et vi.s. et 
viii.d. In th'ro lib. in xii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Abbas de Burtona xx. marc, de dono. 

Prior de Lappeleia" iii. marc, de dono. 

Amerciamenta.per A. Abbatem de Tiokesberia et Simonem de Pates- 
hulle et Socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxvii.li. et x.s. et viii.d. de Misericordiis 
hominum et Villarum quorum nomina et debita et causse debitorum 
annotantur in Eotulo quern prsedicti liberaverunt in thesauro. In 
th'ro lib. in Ivii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xx.li. de Comitatu de Carrucagio assiso 
tempore Eegis Eicardi. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Villata de Lech r.c. de ii. marc, pro transgressione. In th'ro v.s. 
et v.d. Et debet xxi.s. et iii.d. Walterus filius Willielmi ii. marc. 
)ro vino vendito contra assisam. Hundred de Seisdon ii. marc, pro 
murdro exceptis libertatibus. Hundred de Cudulvestana ii. marc, 
pro eodem exceptis libertatibus. 

Hugo des Loges iii. marc, de Serjantia sua\ 

Eicardus filius Musse i. marc, pro vino vendito contra assisam. 
Hugo filius Eadulphi dimid. marc, pro eodem. Villata de Lange- 
lona xx. Solidos pro. murdro. Milo de Beche dimid. marc, quia 
ion sequitur. Aluredus serviens Gilberti dimid. marc, pro vino 
endito contra assisam. Pirehul hundred ii. marc, pro murdro 



84 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

exceptis libertatibus. Philippus de Lutelega dimid. marc, quia 
non habuit quern plegiavit. Eicardus Cordewan dimid. marc, 
proeodem. Adam Cordewan dimid. marc, pro eodem. Eadulphus 
de Sangeho dimid. marc, pro eodem. Eicardus de Bausac 
dimid. marc, pro eodem. Eadulfus de Mortona dimid. marc, 
pro eodem. Willelmus filius Vicecomitis xx.s. pro eodem. Hen- 
ricus Canonicus dimid. marc, pro disseisina. Nicolas de Mugintona 
xx.s. pro eodem. Willelmus Clericus de Drengetona dimid. 
marc, quia non est pros ecutus. GilbertusdeWhitegrave dimid. 
marc, quia non habuit quern plegiavit. Eadulphus de Dulmere 
x.s. pro licencia concordandi. 

From the Oxfordshire Pipe-Roll, 1 John. 

Idem Wido [de Diva] r.c. de x.s. de Scutagio Pagani de Paries in 
Eollinriht quos ipse recepit. In th'ro vis. et debet iiii.s. 

From the Warwickshire Pipe-Roll, 1 John. 

De dblatis. Entropius Hasteng et Amicia uxor ejus debent x- 
marc, pro habendo recto de Ix. marc, versus Comitem de Warwick 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 11 RICHARD I. AND 1 JOHN 
(MICHAELMAS, 1195). 

King John's Coronation took place on Ascension Day (May 
27th) 1199. Therefore the Pipe-Eoll entitled the " First of John ' 
contemplates rather more than six months of Eichard I.'s tenth 
regnal year, rather less than two months of Interregnum, and about 
four months of John's first regnal year. 

Geoffrey de Gamages' charge upon Meertown was put last year 
at 6 per annum, and 1 10s. was allowed him on the quarter. The 
charge was properly 8. He is now reimbursed 10s. for the defi- 
ciency of the said quarter, viz., 10s. His total annuities consequently 
rose from 25 to 27. 

The Eoyal estates of Penkhull, Woolstanton, Meertown, Tetten- 
hall, and Alrewas had been supplied with some fresh stock at the 
King's expense. This shows that the lands themselves remained in 
the Sheriff's care, though the annual values thereof were heavily 
charged in favour of Matthew de Gamages. All five Manors were 
constituents of the Sheriffs Ferm or Corpus Comitati&s. Tettenhall 
only was a Manor of the Vetus Dominicum. The four others were 
of Ancient Escheat. Sheep, it will be observed, were not among the 
stock of these Manors. 

Page 79. " Et in quietantia," &c. When the Ferm of Stafford- 
shire is said to be 140 blanche per annum, that revenue did not, 



ROLL OF 11 KICHARD I. AND 1 JOHN (1198-1199). 85 

perhaps, arise wholly from Crown lands farmed by the Sheriff. But 
it certainly did not include the Auxilium Vicecomitis or Sheriffs 
Aid, which was assessed not on the King's lands, but on all oher 
lands in the County. The reason why this tax was seldom named' 
on the annual Eolls was because the King so seldom meddled with 
it. The Sheriff received it as a matter of course, and as part of the 
emoluments of his office. But if the Sheriff lost 'it or any part of it 
in the King's service, or by the King's act, he deducted so much 
from his gross annual liability to the Crown (140 blanche) with- 
out caring to state what particular receipt he had used for such 
advance. In the present instance, the King had released the new 
Bishop of Chester from a year's contribution to the Sheriffs Aid. 
The Bishop's quota was 4 6s. The Bishop's non-payment thereof 
was in clear diminution of the Sheriffs lawful income. So he 
(the Sheriff) rightly charged it on the Crown. 

We learn that, at this time, or, at least, in this instance, the 
Sheriffs Aid was assessed on great Fiefs. Fifty years later we find 
it assessed in detail on particular Manors. The total value techni- 
cally stood at some figure or other, and at such undiscbverable 
figure it still remained an element in the Firma Comitatds. But as 
in the case of the King's Manors, so in the case of the Sheriffs per- 
quisites ; the sums received grew to be greater year by year. Hence 
an invention, whereby the Crown became not merely an abettor, 
but a partner in the Sheriffs extortions. The scope and volume of 
the Firma Comitattis was not changed in the Corpus Ci ev rritat'As ; 
but in a postscript the Sheriff was charged with a Crementum uo'/it,o- 
tatds, an arbitrary sum, referring probably to no other data, than 
that a Sheriff was forthcoming or forthcome who could afford to 
give a higher bidding for his office than any other candidate. 

Brome and Rowley Regis, both, as I suppose, Manors of the 
Vetus Dominicum Coronae, have no distinct mention in Domesday. 
From this or some similar anomaly in their status they had never 
been named in the Corpus Comitatus of Staffordshire. In 1166, 
and not earlier, Brome is accounted for by the Sheriff as a distinct 
ferni of 1 13s. 4d. per annum. And so it remained in 1199. With 
Rowley Regis the progressive changes are not significant of aliena- 
tion or forfeiture at any time. It must be taken to have been 
included in the Corpus Comitatus of Stafford on the accession of 
Henry II. Of its fiscal figure we have no further hint than that 
being thought too low in 1170, a crementum of 6s. 2d. was set upon 
the Sheriff in respect of this ferm of Roelea, In 1171, this cremcn- 



86 THE STAFFORDSHIKE PIPE EOLLS. 

turn is raised to one of 13s. 4d. ; in 1172, it is lowered to one of 
12s. 8d. ; and in 1173, raised to 13s. 4d. At this figure the annual 
value remained in the year now before us ; but, meanwhile, the 
word crementum had been dropped, so that Eowley Eegis appears in 
1199 as a King's Manor, fermed by the Sheriff, at a fee-farm rent of 
one merk per annum. 

WILLIAM i)E BRAOSE, having no other land in Staffordshire, could 
not be brought to settle an arrear due for his former occupation of 
Arley. He had a Fief (Barnstaple) in Devonshire ; he was a co- 
parcener in the Herefordshire Fief of Earl Milo ; his was the Honour 
of Brember in Sussex. It was doubtless not easy for any Sheriff to 
reach him. The accumulation of his debts to the Crown ultimately 
resulted in his utter ruin. 

De Scutagio ad Redemptionem Regis Ricardi. The Bishop of 
Chester, as he is again called, seems to settle an arrear long charged 
against his predecessor. It was perhaps the Bishop's Barony, or 
certain of his knights, who were amenable. 

Ealph de Sumeri's account of his scutage-arrears concentrates 
under Staffordshire the particulars of his liquidation thereof in the 
six several Counties, among which his Fief was scattered. 
De promissis per H. Cantuarice Archiepiscopum. 

Half of Richard de Vernon's Fine of 20 is now paid. As Har- 
laston was no longer an Escheat, it probably constituted the twenty 
librates of land which he regained. 

The Barons of the Exchequer certify in effect that Ralph de 
Sumeri's Fine of 400 merks covers- all his liabilities in respect of 
Fines for Livery, and that all sums paid on account are to be taken 
as in part liquidation of 400 merks. Ralph de Sumeri now pays 
50 merks. It is further shown how he had paid 100 (150 merks) 
to Master Philip for use of King Richard when yet in Almagne, and 
how in 9 Ric. I. he had paid 200 merks, and how he was thus quit 
of the whole 400 merks. 

NOVA OBLATA. Wilekin Rufus, the heir probably of Herbert 
Rufus, has sued out his Livery of Walsall (see p. 81 Supra). Wile- 
kin is a synonym of William. Walsall was a Manor of " Ancient 
Escheat." It constituted 4 blanche of the Corpus Comitatus ; but 
it never appears among the Terrse datse of the Pipe-Rolls, simply 
because it was not absolutely given. The Tenant annually paid 
the fixed rent of 4 blanche to the Sheriff. The advowson of 
Walsall and the right of tallage in Walsall remained all the while 
with the Crown. In Henry II.'s time, the Ferm of Walsall had 



ROLL OF 11 RICHARD I. AND 1 JOHN (1198-1199). 87 

been occasionally enhanced by crementa. This we presume was 
while the Manor was part of the Sheriffs general f erm, and before it 
was given in subjective ferm to Herbert Kufus. 

Hugh de Loges and Roger de Bentley, lately at issue, were 
King's Foresters, one of Cannock the other of Bentley-Haye. Eoger 
de Bentley was within the next twelve years succeeded by William 
de Bentley, and the latter held, not of the Crown sine medio, but 
under Hugh de Loges. 

Nova Oblata per Galfridum filium Petri. 

Henry de Wootton's Fine gives us the key to a long series of 
Pipe-Roll entries, and therewith supplies us with some links of a 
not uninteresting story: In the years 1155 and 1157, King 
Henry II. passed three if not four times through Staffordshire. On 
one of these occasions the King halted at Chesterton, then a member 
of the Royal Manor of Wolstanton, or of Trentham. The King 
took up his lodging in the house of Waldeve de Walton. The 
house was burnt probably owing to the carelessness or inebriety 
of some of the King's attendants. The King recompensed his host 
munificiently. He gave him, by Charter, thirty solidates of land in 
Chesterton or its adjuncts. 

Referring to the Pipe-Roll of '4 Henry II. (1158) we find the 
Fermor of the King's Manor of Trentham easing his ferm of 30 
by a set-of of thirty shillings for land given to Waldeve. In terris 
datis. . . . Et Waldevo xxx. solid. (Staff. Coll., I., 27.) 

This annual charge on the King's revenue continued till the year 
1180, when owing perhaps to the death of the annuitant, it was < 
suspended, and the land which it represented reverted to the Crown. 

Nineteen years later, and we have, as in this 'Roll, the nephew of 
Waldeve fining 100 shillings for livery, probably of his inheritance ; 
and his fine, which is tantamount to 3^ years' purchase, was ac- 
cepted. Hereupon Henry de Wudeton (Wootton) seems to have 
changed his name to Walton. About twelve years later we are 
told by an Inquest how many Staffordshire persons were then 
holding Royal demesnes. One entry is : " Henricus de Waleton 
tenet vi. virgatas terrse in Cestreton per cartam Regis Henrici 
et nichil reddit (he pays no rent to the King) et valet per annum 
xxx. solidos. (Testa de Nevill, p. 55.) 

A few years later still, and Henry de Walton diminished his estate 
at Chesterton by selling one virgate thereof to Henry de Audley. 
The transaction was sanctioned by K. Henry III. in a Charter of 
his eleventh year (A.D. 1227.) 



k ,vt/c~Mxw 



88 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Philip de Kinfare's Fine was for a Eenewal of King Richard's 
Charter. His tenure of the Manor and Forest of Kinver was a 
Serjeantry, complicated with a fee-farm rent in money. It was not 
hereditary, nor even for life of the Grantee. It depended on the 
King's WilL Obviously it would require renewal on the succession 
of any King. 

De primo Scutagio assiso ad duas mar cos post primam Coronationem 

Regis Johannis. 

The rate of scutage was in this instance greater by one-third than 
any scutage of King Eichard's reign. What with the Barons who 
were liable and those who had acquittance un(}er special writs, we have 
here a list of nearly all the military Fiefs of Staffordshire; but whereas 
the Bishop's and Hervey Bagot's assessments covered their Fiefs in 
other Counties, so were there two or perhaps three Barons whose 
Capital Honours were in other Counties, and whose small liabilities 
in Staffordshire, not being noticed in this list, were probably in- 
cluded in some fuller assessment in such other counties, e.g., Fitz 
Hubert, Fitz Warin, and De Lacy. 

Here are inserted, in the original Pipe-Roll, two Releases which 
passed in the Curia Regis on November 10th, 1 John. There is no 
probability that these Releases had anything to do with Stafford- 
shire places or persons, but they are transcribed above because their 
date shows them to have been inserted postscriptively to the usual 
making up, at Michaelmas, of the year's Pipe-Roll. 

But, again, after this postscriptive addition, which did not relate 
to Staffordshire, things were added to the Roll which intimately re- 
lated to that County. Not mere Schedules of new liabilities were 
these, one of them was a balanced account. . The items had been 
put in charge in the fiscal year, but the receipts had not reached 
the Exchequer so early as Michaelmas. . So then, at this period of 
Exchequer history, the date, Michaelmas, ceases to be the latest 
limit of all that may be written on a particular Pipe-Roll, though it 
remains the limit of all actual liabilities ascertained within a 
particular year. 

The first such Table, the frequent correlative of a scutage, is a 
Tallage of the King's demesnes. It was assessed by H. (Henry 
of London) Archdeacon of Stafford, William de Faleise, and their 
fellows. I observe that the items of talliation were considerably 
higher than the correlative items in the last Tallage of Richard I. 
(Supra, pp. 76, 77.) 

The next such Table is an assessment of the Abbot of Burton 



ROLL OF 11 RICHARD I. AND. 1 JOHN (1198-1199). 89 

and Prior of Lapley to a Donum. No account had as yet been 
rendered. This was again a kind of tallage or taliation. The object 
was to bring two non-military Fiefs within the purview of taxation. 
In earlier Pipe-Eolls the word donum is frequently used for an un- 
equivocal tallage of Boroughs ; and the word promissum is substi- 
tuted for donum, where Religious Houses, having, no military Fief, 
had to be taxed. 

Next follows a County tax of most rare occurrence called Car- 
rucage. This had been charged in a round sum of 20 on Stafford- 
shire, and " in King Eichard's time " I suppose in the beginning 
of the current fiscal year, or about October, 1198. The Sheriff paid 
it. Carrucage was a tax assessed upon a County or district, accord- 
ing to the number of ox-teams estimated to be employed therein. 
The rate per team will have been low, less than threepence, if, as 
may easily be supposed, the number of Staffordshire teams had 
doubled since Domesday. It was 990 at the earlier period. 

Last, on this miscellaneous and irregular list, comes a Schedule of 
debts without any account rendered on any item. I should guess the 
whole to be mere memoranda by the Sheriff of debts which had 
been certified or authorised by the Curia Comitatus or by the 
Hundred Courts. Breaches of assize were, I think, cognizable by 
the latter Courts ; but when the Hundred itself was surcharged 
with a Murder-Fine the County Court must needs, in the ab- 
sence of Justices in Eyre, assess it. When a Hundred is thus 
assessed " exceptis liberatibus," I presume that the areal Hundred 
contained franchises which were in some respects JSxtra-Hundredal ; 
in this case franchises which had the custody and profits of their 
Placita Coronae. For example's sake if a murder were committed 
in Pantulf 's Manor of Cresswell, the Hundred of Pirehill would be 
responsible for the consequent Murder-Fine ; but the Bishop of 
Chester's Honour of Eccleshall, though in Pirehill Hundred, would 
be exempt. And again, if the crime were committed in Eccleshall, 
the Sheriff having nothing to do with the matter, it would not be 
named in the Pipe-Roll. The crime and the amercement of the 

I franchise would be punishable and determinable by the Bishop's 
Court. 

A curious thing in this list is the Murder-Fine of twenty shillings 
set om the Village of Langedone. Longden was the Bishop's ; it 
was, part of it, one of the traditionary appurtenances of Lichfield, 
but it was not specifically named in Domesday. Topographically 
it was in Offlow Hundred. Yet neither the Bishop's Franchise 



90 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

could deal with this Longden Murder, nor was Offlow Hundred 
compromised by its occurrence. Turning back to a remote antiquity, 
we find that in Saxon times there had been three concurrent interests 
in Longden, those namely of Burton Abbey, of the Convent of Tam- 
worth, and of the See of Lichfield. At the date of Domesday, some- 
thing in Longden may have remained with the See, but the bulk of 
its territory was absorbed in the King's Forest, specifically in 
Cannock Forest. 

The Bishops of Lichfield, in virtue of their footing in Longdon, 
were, down to the end of Stephen's reign, making perpetual assarts 
and encroachments on Cannock Forest. In 1153, Henry of Anjou, 
fighting for his Crown, and as yet only Duke of Normandy, granted 
to Bishop Walter Durdent and his successors all such assarts, made 
anywhere in the Eoyal Forests of Staffordshire, particularly specify- 
ing the Assarts of Longedon. 

This probably converted Longden into an Episcopal Manor of 
large area and importance. The Bishop in fact made Longden the 
caput of that secular franchise which included Lichfield and all its 
members and surroundings, of the Bishop's Fee. But the Court 
which governed this Franchise, this Court of Longdon, was never a 
Court endowed with the highest franchises. It had not the custody 
or profits of Crown Pleas. It was a Liberty ; it was not, like 
Eccleshall, an Honour. 

We now understand why the Bishop's Liberty, not having the 
custody of Crown Pleas, was amerced for a Murder by the ordinary 
Court in the year 1199. We also see that it was so amerced not 
combinedly with, but distinctly from, Offlow Hundred. That is a 
phenomenon. Its ratio, or relation to any general rule, we have 
yet to discover. 

WILLELMUS FILIUS ViCECOMiTis amerced twenty shillings for 
non-production of a Bailee, was, I presume, son of Thomas de Erdin- 
ton. If so he was illegitimate. 

GILBERT DE WHITEGRAVE, amerced in 1199 for non-production 
of a Bailee, had, with Ailric de Whitegrave, been amerced in 1193, 
pro supersisd. (Supra p. 26.) The earlier offence, whatever its 
nature, continued under liquidation in 1197, and was finally 
redeemed in 1198. (Supra pp. 65, 72.) 



ROLL OF 2 JOHN (1199-1200). 1 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 2 JOHN (1199-1200). 

Galfridus filius Petri, Tomas de Erdintona pro eo r.c. de c. et xl.li. 
bl. de firma Comitatus. In th'ro xxxi.li. et v.s. et v.d. bl. Et 
in Elemosinis constitutis inilitibus de Templo i. marc. Et Canonicis 
de Trentham c.s. in Blorton et Cokenache. Et in liberatione con- 
stituta Canonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custodiam Domorum 
Regis de Canot. Et x. servientibus peditibus ix.li. et ii.s. et vi.d. ad 
custodiam patriae pro malefactoribus. Et in Terris datis Monachis 
de Bordesleia x.li. bl. in Terdebigga. Et Willielmo de Herovilla 
Ix.s. in Wodnesberia. Et Militibus de Templo xliii.s. et iiii.d. bl. in 
Kiel. Et in pastura quam Eex concessit Johanni Extraneo viii.s. 
et viiid. Et in Wasto Forestae de Sechulle x.s. Et Matheo de 
Gamages xv.li. in Wigintona\ Et eidem iiii.li. in Tettehale. Et 
eidein Matheo de Gamages x.s. de reragio terras, viii.li. in Mera. Et 
Monialibus de Faierwelle xl.s. de dono Eegis per breve Eegis. 
Et Monialibus de Langeleia xl.s. de dono Eegis per breve Eegis. Et 
Monialibus de Blidebire ' xl.s. de dono Eegis per breve Eegis. Et 
in custamento posito in xxx. hominibus et una navi quae debuerunt 
deliberare Galfridum de Hauville et alios homines et canes et aves 
Eegis a prisona Meriaduc filio Canaan xl.s. per breve Eegis. Et in 
custamento posito super Vivarium Castelli super Limam xx.s. per 
idem breve. Et in reparatione ejusdem Castelli xl.s. per idem 
breve. Et in reparatione Gaiole ejusdem Castelli xx.s. per idem 
breve. Et in reparatione Gaiole et Ferramento Castelli de Stafford 
xx.s. per idem breve. Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis per 
totum annum xxviis. Et in Defalta de Alrewas pro viii. Bobus 
xx.s. de anno praeterito. Et xxs. de eadem Defalta de hoc anno. 
Et pro ix. vaccis ix.s. de anno praeterito. Et ix.s. de hoc anno. 
Et pro viii. Bobus apud Suineford xx.s. de anno praeterito. Et xx.s. 
de hoc anno. Et pro viii. Scophis viiis. de anno praeterito. Et 
viii.s. de- hoc anno. Et in quietantia terrarum Johannis Marescalli 
de auxilio Vice Comitis, scilicet de xv. hidis xxx.s. hoc anno. Et 
in quietantia Willielmi de Canville de viii. hidis xviii.s. hoc 
anno. Et in quietantia v. hidarum Tomae de Burgo x.s. hoc anno. 
Et in quietantia vi. hidarum Monachis de Bildewas xii.s. hoc anno. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xx.li. et v.s. et ix.d. bl. de Firma Comita- 
tus de anno praeterito. In th'ro nihil. Et in liberatione viii. 
militum per xxv. dies qui custodiebant patriam post mortem Eegis 
Eicardi x.li. per breve Eegis. Et in liberatione L servientium equi- 
tum et Ix. servientium peditum xxxii.li. de xx. diebus per praedietum 



92 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

breve. Et Episcopo Cestrensi x.li. pro Escambio de Canot et 
Rugeleiji per idem breve. Et habet de superplusagio xxix.li. et 
ii.s. et iii.d. bl. quse computantur ei supra in firma Comitatus. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiiLs. et iiii.d. de firma de Brom. In 
th'ro nihil. Et in Elemosinis Constitutis Monialibus de Briewde 
xxxiiis. et iiii.d. in prsedicta Brom quos Rex dedit eis in Elemosina 
per breve Regis. E. Q. E. Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de firma 
de Roleia. Et de Ix.s. de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et 
de iii.s. de Exitu Moleudini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. 
E. Q. E. 

Hugo des Loges r.c. de x. marc, de Censu Forestse de Canot. In 
th'ro v. marc. Et in perdonis ipsi Hugoni v. marc, per breve Regis 
pro terra ipsius Hugonis in Villa de Warewick supra quam facta 
est Gaiola Regis. E. Q. E. 

Petrus del Broc debet x.li. de veteri firma Forestse de Canot. Et 
de fine quern fecit pro habenda terra Roberti del Broch et Foresta 
de Canot. Ricardus Waggetail debet xxviii.d. quia retraxit se. 
Willielmus Marescallus debet xliis. sicut continetur in Rotulo 
quarto. Hugo des Loges r.c. de xliils. et v.d. de Pasnagio Forestae 
de Canot. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Scutagio ad Redemptionem Regis Ricardi. 

Herveius Bagot debet Ix.li. de Scutagio. Sed deprehensum est 
et recordatum per Barones quod anno Regis Ricardi nono solvit 
xxxi.li. xviiis. et vi.d. Et ix.li. et xii.s. in eodem secundo Scutagio 
in anno prseterito quos omnes denarios debuit solvisse in primo 
Scutagio quia de secundo et tertio habuit quietantiam sicut infra 
continetur. Et debet xviiili. et ix.s. et vi.d. Sed respice infra. 
De Placitis Willielmi Herefort Episcopi. 

Ailwinus filius Leurici r.c. de iiii.s. et viild. quia non habuit quern 
plegiavit. In th'ro vi.d. Et debet iiii.s. et ii.d. Robertus de la 
Lega debet vi.s. et ii.d. pro eodem. Walterus filius Godwini r.c. de 
v.s. et ii.d. per eodem. In th'ro vi.d. Et debet iiii.s. et viii.d. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xiii.li et v.s. et iiii.d. de Tallagio Villarum 
Begis in Staffordscira quse debent requiri ab Hugone de Chaucumba 
sicut Vicecomes dicit. Et x. marc, de fine Ricardi de Dalham 
Decani quse ideo non redduntur quia fuerunt redditse ad Scaccarium 
Redemptionis Regis sicut continetur in Rotulo decimo. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de xviii.li. et ix.s. et vi.d. de primo Scu- 
tagio Regis Ricardi. In th'ro vi.li. Et debet xii.li. et xix.s. et vi.d. 
Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In thesauro xl.s. Et debet x.li. et ix.s. 
et vi.d. 



ROLL OF 2 JOHN (1199-1200). 93 

De Promissis per H. Cantuariensem Archiepiscopwm. 

Eicardus de Vernun r.c. de x.li. pro xx. libratis terrae. In th'ro 
lx.s. Et debet vii.li. Idem r.c. de eodem 'debito. In th'ro xxxii.s. 
Et debet c. et viiLs. Sed respice infra. 

De Secundo Scutagio Regis Ricardi. 

Herveius Bagot debet xviii.li. et ix.s. et vi.d. de Scutagio. Sed 
habet quietantiam per breve Eegis Eicardi quia deprehensum est 
et per Barones recordatum quod habuit quietantiam per brevia Eegis 
tarn de secundo quam de tertio Scutagio et quod per errorem ea 
quae solvit de secundo Scutagio debuerunt reddidisse de primo et 
ideo consideratum est quod ea quae solvit computentur ei in primo 
Scutagio de quo non habuit quietantiam. 

Comes de Ferrariis . Willielmus de Braiosa 

De Escaetis. 

Stephanus de Turneilam v.s. de firm& de Hulle et de Alure- 
destona. Willielmus Basset r.c. de xx.m. de debitis Aaron. In 
th'ro l.s. Et debet x.li. et xvi.s. et viii.d. 

De Oblatis. 

Willielmus de Wudetona debet iii. marc, pro habendo brevi sicut 
continetur in Eotulo decimo. Hugo de Chaucumba x.li. et xviiis. et 
iiid. bl. de firm! Comitatus de anno decimo. Hugo des Loges i. 
marc, pro licenti& concordandi se et Eogerum de Benetlegl. 
Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de l.li. pro manerio et Foresta de Kene- 
far& sicut continetur in Eotulo preecedente. In th'ro xxxvii.li. et 
x.s. Et debet xiili. et x.s. Idem r.c. de xxxv.s. et iiii.d. de Pas- 
nagio Forestae de Kenefara hoc anno. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eicardus de Vernun r.c. de c. et viii.s. pro xx. libratis terrae. In 
th'ro lx.s. Et debet xlyiii.s. 

De Primo Scutagio Regis Johannis. 

Herveius Bagot xlv.li. de Scutagio. Willielmus films Alani viii. 
marc, de Scutagio. Hugo Pantulf iiii. marc, de Scutagio. Henricus de 
Oilli viii.s. et x.d. et obolum de eodem. Comes de Ferrariis debet 
ii. marc, et dimidiam de Scutagio Scilicet de feodo unius militis et 
quarta parte unius militis sicut Vicecomes dicit in hoc Comitatu 
Sed postea habuit quietantiam per breve Eegis. Abbas de Burton 
xx. marc, de dono. Prior de Lappeleia iii. marc, de dono. 
Amerciamenta per A. Abbatem de Tiokesberid et Simonem de Pates- 
hulle et socios suos. 

Villata de Lech r.c. de xxi.s. et iiid. pro transgressione. In th'ro 
xiis. et iiii.d. Et debet viii.s. et xi.d. Walterus filius Willielmi 
r.c. de ii. marc: pro vino vendito contra assisam. In th'ro xxiii.s. et 



94 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

iiii'd. Et debet xl.d. Hundred de Seisdon r.c. de ii. marc, pro 
murdro. In th'ro XXLS. Et debet v.s. et viii.d. Hundred de 
Cudulvestan r.c. de ii. marc, pro eodem. In th'ro xxi.s. Et debet 
v.s. et viild. Hugo des Loges r.c. de iii. marc, pro serjantia sua. 
In th'ro xx.s. et debet xx.s. Eicardus films Musse r.c. de i. marc, 
pro vino vendito contra assisam.. In th'ro viii.s. et iiii.d. et debet v.s. 
Hugo filius Eadulphi r.c. de dimid. maic. pro eodem. In th'ro xl.d. 
et debet xl.d. Milo de Bech r.c. de dimid. marc, quia non prose- 
quitur. In th'ro iiii.s. et debet ii.s. et viii.d Aluredus serviens 
Gilberti r.c. de dimid. marc, pro vino vendito contra assisam. In 
th'ro xl.d. et debet xl.d. Pirehul hundred r.c. de ii. marc, pro mur- 
dro. In th'ro xxi.s. et debet v.s. et viiid. Eicardus Cordewan r.c. 
de dimid. marc, pro eodem (sic in orig.) In th'ro iiiis. et iiii.d. et 
debet ii.s. et iiii.d. Philippus de Lutelega r.c. de dimid. marc, quia 
non habuit quern plegiavit. In th'ro v.s. et iiii.d. et debet xvi.d. 
Eadulphus de Langeho r.c. de dimid. marc, quia non habuit quern 
plegiavit. In th'ro iiii.s. et iiii.d. et debet ii.s. et iiii.d. Eicardus 
de Bausac r.c. de dimid. marc, pro eodem. In th'ro iiii.s. et iLd. et 
debet ii.s. et xi.d. Eadulphus de Mortona r.c. de dimid. marc, pro 
eodem. In th'ro xl.d. et debet xl.d. 

Nova Oblata. 

Abbas de Burton r.c. de xl. marc., scilicet xx. marc, pro cartis suis 
confirmandis, et xx. marc, de dono. In th'ro xx. marc, de dono. 
Et debet xx. marc. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eobertus filius Sinothi debet duos osturcos pro licentia ducendi 
unain navem navatam bladis in JSTorweiam qui debent requiri in 
Norfolch. 

Milo de Sanford iii. marc, pro brevi de Morte Antecessoris haben- 
do de recognitione habenda apud Westmonasterium de feodo unius 
militis cum pertinentiis in Weford. 

Milites de Staffordscira xl. marc, et unum palefredum pro ha- 
bendis libertatibus suis de Foresta sicut habuerunt temper e Eegis 
Henrici ita quod forestarii non ponantur nisi illi qui fefati sunt. 

Willielmus Lespee xl. marc, et unum bonum osturcum pro 
habenda sorore uxoris suse cum parte hsereditatis quse earn contingit. 

Willielmus de Brai debet x. marc, pro habenda puralea bosci de 
Waleshale. Sed non debent ab eo exigi quia Willielmus Euffus 
finivit c. solidos ne fieret puralea sicut infra continetur. 

Willielmus Euffus c.s. ne fieret puralea bosci de Waleshale. 

Jordanus del Canot i. marc, pro habenda Baillia sua in hai& 
Hugonis des Loges. 



ROLL OP 2 JOHN (1199-1200). 95 

Ricardus de Prestwode v. marc, pro habend& bailliS, fratris sui 
in Forest^ de Kenefare. 

Herveius Bagot i. marc, pro Judseis summonendis quibus 
debet debita ut sint ad scaccarium ad recipiendum rationabile 
debitum quod eis debetur. 

De Pladtis Forestce per Hugonem de Nevill. 

Willielmus de Poltona dim. marc, pro recto Forestae. Hugo 
de Acovere ii. marc, pro quodam mendatio de forest^ sibi im- 
posito. Herveius Bagot x. marc, quia non habuit quern plegiavit. 

Ricardus filius Alani i. marc, ut possit esse sub plegiis. Herveius 
Ruffus dimid. marc, pro eodem. Milites manentes circa Novam 
Forestam c.s. pro acquietantia de viridi. Villata de Seperigge 
x.s. pro canibus non expeditatis. Drogo de Alrewich i. marc. 
Willielmus del Wai xx.s. quia non habuit quern plegiavit. Gau- 
fridus de Norton ii. marc, pro defectu. Willielmus de Waure 
iiii. marc, quia non habuit quern plegiavit. Villata de Bur- 
lavestona dimid. marc, pro novo et veteri Wasto. Villata de 
Penchill dimid. marc, pro eodem. Villata de Wullaveston 
dimid. marc, pro eodem. Villata de Wilenhale i. marc, 
pro viridi. Abbas de Lilleshulle dimid. marc, pro Molendino 
et stagno factis in veteri purprestura 1 . 

Idem Vicecomes xiiii.li. et xiiii.s. et xi.d. et obolum de 

minutis particulis et inbladiamentis infra dimid. marc. 

De Finibus factis per prcedictum Hugonem de Nevill. 

Galfridus Salvagius ii. marc pro habendis canibus suis ad 
leporem et vulpem ut solet. Willielmus Pantulf i. marc, pro 
Warenna" su& habenda 1 sicut solebant (sic in orig.) Robertus de 
Bee dimid. marc, pro eodem. Robertus de Sinvertona i. 
marc, quia inventus fuit venando ad leporem. Willielmus Griffin 

I dimid. marc, pro essartandis ii. acris infra clausum suum. 

Milites manentes circa Brewude iii. marc, pro consuetudinibus 
habendis quas solebant habere. Vivianus de Stoches i. marc, 
pro canibus suis habendis sicut solet habere. Radulphus de Dul- 
verne et Osbertus de Focebroc viiii.s. pro habendo stagno 
molendini sui in pace. Milites de Canot extra feodum Episcopi 
iii. marc, ut viride non placitetur per menses. 

Radulphus de Muttona" i. marc, pro habenda bailM su& de 
Nova" Forestl 

Hugo des Loges ii. marc, pro scriptis Roberti del Broch de 
Foresta quse ab eo exigebantur et quse ipse dixit Petrum del Broc 
.ulisse secum quando habitum religionis suscepit. 



96 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Tomas de Kellun i. marc, pro transgressione. Walterus filius 
Edithse i. marc, pro eodem. 

From the Pipe-Roll of Oxfordshire, 2 John. 

Wido de Diva r.c. de iiii.s. de scutagio Pagani de Paries in Eollin- 
right quos ipse recepit. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 5 John. 

Nova Oblata. Matilda quae fuit uxor Eogeri de Sumervill debet 
x. marc, et i. palefridum ut non distringatur ad se maritandam 
desicut nihil tenet de Eege nee de Comite Cestrensi qui earn dedit 
Willelmo de Chaucumb. 

Tomas Noel et Margareta uxor ejus et Eicardus de Wappinbiri 
et Juliana uxor ejus et Griffin Walensis et Matilda uxor ejus xv. 
marc, ut non teneatur placitum inter ipsos et Herbertum filium 
Yvonis et Eobertum filium Yweni de terrst de Westona quia Eex 
vult scire quod ingressum idem Ywein habuit in terram illam et 
quomodo illani perdiderant prsedictL 
Nova Placitaper G. filium Petri et OsbertumjU. Hervei et sociossuos. 

Eoger Vigil r.c. de i. marc, pro eedem [i.e. pro catallis fugitiw.] 
In th'ro xii.d. et debet xii.s. et iiiLd. 

From the Lincolnshire Pipe-Roll, 5 John. 

Gerardus de Canvill Vicecomes. Hubertus filius Eicardi pro eo. 

De placitis Benedicts Abbatis. Nicola uxor Gerardi de Canvilla 
quater xxli. pro maritanda filia sua cui voluerit exceptis inimicis 
Eegis. 

Nova Oblata. Gerardus de Canvilla r.c. de M.li. pro habenda 
femina Tome de Verdun cum terra sua et pro ea maritanda" Eicardo 
filio suo. In th'ro cc.li. et debet ccc.li. Item pro fine terrse suse et 
debet c. et xxxiii.li. et dimid. marc. 

From the Essex aud Herts Pipe-Roll, 2 John. 

Nova Oblata. Stephanus de Belchamp Lli. pro Henri co de 
Longocampo quas idem Henricus debuit pro fine quod fecit cum 
Eege pro habendgi custodi& terrse ipsius Stephani. De quibus 
Eogerus de Sumervill debet respondere de xx. marc, in Staffordscira. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 2 JOHN (MICHAELMAS, 1200). 

The donations, of forty shillings each, made by King John to 
the three Nunneries of Fairwell, Langley, and Blythbury were 
incidental. They were not of land, nor are they repeated in sub- 
sequent Eolls. 

A ship and thirty men, partly chargeable on the Sheriff of 
Staffordshire,had been put in commission this year to rescue Geoffrey 



ROLL OF 2 JOHN (1190-1200). 97 

de Hautville and others, having charge of the King's hounds and 
hawks, from the prison of Meredith ap Canaan. This was no 
Staffordshire affair. It may be noted that Geoffrey de Hautville 
was eminent among King John's hawkers, and was in frequent at- 
tendance on the Court ; also that the Sheriff of Shropshire paid 
forty shillings to Richard de Cogan, commissioned to join in effect- 
ing the same rescue ; that the King himself was not in Staffordshire 
till November of this year, when he passed thither through Worces- 
tershire and Shropshire. He was at Haywood on November 15th.- 
The Bishop (who was Lord of Haywood) and Geoffrey Fitz Piers 
(Chief Justice and Sheriff) were with the King. 

" Et in reparatione Gaiolse et Ferramenti Castelli de Stafford 
xx.s. per breve Regis." Everything that tends to show where and 
what ' Stafford Castle ' was at this period of history will help to 
solve a difficulty and end a controversy. In A.D. 1200, Stafford- 
Castle was maintained by the Crown, not as a Royal residence, nor 
yet as a garrison, but as a County Gaol. The ferramentum which 
might be necessary for a Castle would be any iron-work used 
by builders ; but the ferramentum, of a prison consisted of 
manacles, fetters, and chains. 

The Sheriff makes deductions on his ferm by reason of the de- 
ficient stock he found on the King's Manors of Alrewas and King- 
swinford. He also claims to be recouped by the crown for certain 
releases of the " Sheriff's Aid " which he had made I presume as 
Chief Justice, for no Writ-Royal is vouched. 

The Auxilium Vicecomitis seems to have been assessed on Staf- 
fordshire lands at the rate of two shillings per hide. The alleged 
fteen hides of John Marshall were perhaps in some estate under 
heat ; the eight hides of William de Camville were in Clifton 
Camville ; the five hides of Thomas de Burgh were in Arley ; and 
'he six hides of 'Buildwas Abbey were in Walton, Blymhill, and 

eston. 

And now it appears how the Bishop of Chester's sixty-one soli- 

tes of Crown-land in Rugeley and Cannock had been withdrawn 

'in the terrce datce and resumed by the Crown. The Bishop was 

have an annuity of 10 in lieu thereof. 

Brewood, like" other Nunneries, had a token of King John's favour 

this year. He bestowed the year's rent of Brom (two and a half 
nerks) on the Nuns. 

NOVA OBLATA. A Fine by the Abbot of Burton for confirmation . 
f his Charters is complemented with his Donum. 



98 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

A Fine for licence to take a ship laden with corn to Norway is 
transferred to the Norfolk Eoll. Its appearance on the Staffordshire 
Koll was surely in error. 

Eoger de Stanford, alias Stamford, has been noticed elsewhere 
in these Collections (Vol. I, 147, 154), as holding a knight's-fee in 
Weeford, under the Bishop. Milo (better described as) de Sanford, 
claimed probably to be Eoger's heir. 

The Community of Staffordshire Knights proffer forty merks 
and a palfrey for the Forest Liberties which they enjoyed under 
King Henry, and that no Foresters be appointed' but Foresters of 
the Fee. 

JORDAN DEL CANOT, &c., RICARDUS DE PRESTWODE, &c. The 
distribution and relations of Forest-offices in Staffordshire are 
assignable to no definite principle. Hugh de Loges, Forester of 
Cannock, was " Capital Forester " of the County. But this was 
rather an expression than a fact. Kinver Forest was not in his 
jurisdiction. It was a Serjeantry, held in capite sine medio of the 
King. Under the Forester of Kinver were certain Bailiffs, who 
administered their Bailiwicks under his supervision, but were ap- 
pointed by the Crown. These Bailiwicks may or may not have 
been hereditary. Ancestorship perhaps constituted a recommenda- 
ddtion or implied a qualification for the office, but it hardly 
established a right thereto. 

On the other hand, the Capital Forestership of Staffordshire, like 
that of Shropshire, was strictly hereditary. Nay within fifty years 
these had been two attainders of persons holding the Staffordshire 
office, and yet the office had in each case reverted to the right heir. 

The Capital Forester had his Bailiffs, too. They worked under 
him, but they were appointed by the Crown, if we take the case of 
Jordan de Cannock as a rule. But it could hardly be the rule with 
such Bailiffs as paid Hhgh de Loges a rent for their Bailiwicks. 

HERVEY BAGOT had clearly discharged his enormous liabilities 
to the Crown by aid of the Jews. He proposes to settle with his 
creditors en masse, and in the Court of the Exchequer. 

De placitis Forestse. An amercement pro mendatio is, I presume, 
the same with an amercement pro /also dido. (See Antiq. Shrop., 
XII., 153). 

"Nova Foresta." This was probably the name given at the 
period to a Royal Forest in the neighbourhood of Newcastle. Such 
a Forest is traceable in Domesday ; and, in King John's time, the 
enclosed part of this Forest was called the " Haye of Clive." The 



ROLL OF 2 JOHN (1199-1200). 99 

Gustos of the "Haye of Olive "had land iii Shelton (in Stoke) for 
his service. (See Domesday Studies, Staffordshire, pp. 37, 77.) 

" De finibus factis," &c. Geoffrey Salvage tines two merks for 
licence to keep his harriers and fox-hounds as of old. 

Robert de Swinnerton, having been detected in hunting a hare, 
compounds the matter with the Justiciar by a Fine of one merk. 

The Knights of Cannock, not including those who held of the 
Bishop, fined three merks, that Pleas of Vert should not be taken 
monthly. 

Hugh de Loges fines two merks, apparently that he might have 
possession of Eobert del Broc's muniments concerning the Forester- 
ship, and which he (Hugh) was required to produce. Hugh stated 
that when Peter de Broc took the cowl he carried these documents 
along with him. (So I understand the Fine, and such a meaning is 
in much consistence with the circumstances already shown, viz., 
that Peter de Broc got temporary possession of Eobert de Broc's 
estate and office, before both were given to Hugh des Loges, who 
had married the heiress of Eobert de Broc.) 

WARWICKSHIRE AND LEICESTERSHIRE EOLL. Eoger de Somer- 
vill died A.D. 1200. Matilda, here spoken of as his widow, will 
have been the last of two or more wives. The Earl of Chester, either 
assuming that her remarriage was in his own gift as Seigneur over 
Somerville's estates, or else having a grant of such remarriage from 
King John assuming the like right of Seigneury, gave the widow to 
William Chaucumbe. To this the Lady objected, and paid hand- 
somely for her liberty in the matter. She said that she held 
nothing of the King nor yet of the Earl of Chester. 

It is not as yet known who this Matilda was, nor what became 
of her. Her late husband's heir was not her son. She seems to have 
been ari heiress, for it does not appear that her dower was involved 
in the present question. Among his numerous and complicated 
tenures, I cannot say of one that the late Eoger de Somerville held 
it in capite ; but his heirs were tenants in capite. However, even 
had he been a Tenant-in-capite himself, I do not know that his 
widow's remarriage would have fallen to the Crown, unless she 

o 

took in dower some part of the tenement so held of the Crown. 

THOMAS NOEL, &c. This is really a Shropshire Fine, and con- 
cerns Weston-under-Eedcastle, and the sisters and coheiresses of 
Ralph le Strange, Baron of Weston and Alveley. The whole story 
may be found in the Antiquities of Shropshire (Vol. III., 121. 
Vol. IX., 341.) 



100 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

EOGER VIGIL. The family of Le Weyte, or Vigil, has been 
noticed in Collections, Vol. I. (pp. 186-7). 

LINCOLNSHIRE BOLL. Nichola de la Haye, wife, first of Bobert 
Fitz Erneis, and now of Gerard de Camville, succeeded, on the death 
of the latter, to the Shrievalty of Lincolnshire. The Vicomtesse, 
as we must needs style her, was the Heroine of her day. Born of 
the purest Norman blood, with vast wealth and personal influence 
and the instinct of unquestioning loyalty, she stood by King John 
in his last extremity. Her daughter, whose marriage seems to 
have been a subject of much diplomacy, was probably the child of 
Eobert Fitz Erneis. 

The Belict of Thomas de Verdon, sought by Gerard de Camville 
as a wife for his son Eichard, was Eustachia, daughter and heir of 
Gilbert Bassett, last Baron of Hedington in the direct line. Alice 
de Lacy, fourth in descent from Eichard de Camvill and Eustachia 
Basset, took the Barony of Camville and other Honours to her 
husband, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster. Eventually they merged in 
the Crown. 

Gerard de Camvill had not in this year discharged all liabilities 
arising in his own succession. He was heir to his elder brother 
Eichard, who had perished in the Crusade of 1190-2, leaving no issue. 

ESSEX AND HERTS BOLL. Stephen de Beauchamp, the elder, 
died November 20th, 1184, seized of lands in Staffordshire, Essex, 
Suffolk, Bedfordshire, Worcestershire, and Derbyshire. By Ysolda, 
sister of that Earl Ferrers who died at Acre in 1191, he left a son 
and live daughters. The son, a second Stephen, having been born 
in April, 1182, had a long minority. He had in turn at least three 
guardians, of whom, Henry de Longchamp, the last, seems to have 
quitted his trust when the youth was about eighteen years of .age. 
Longchamp's Fine of 50 thus devolved on the youth. The Sheriff 
of Essex debits him with 30, payable in that County, and charges 
20 on Eoger de Somerville in Staffordshire. 

It seems from documents of this and the following year that 
Stephen de Beauchamp enfeoffed Eoger de Somerville at this 
period in the Staffordshire Manors of Wichnor and Sirescote to 
hold by service of two knights-fees, " according to the military feud 
of the Honour of Stafford." The consideration was probably the 
20 aforesaid. There was a complex question of title involved in 
the aftair, a question of Seigneury between the Earls Ferrers and 
the Barons Stafford. 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN (1200-1201). 101 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 3 JOHN (1200-1201). 

Galfridus films Petri, Tomas de Erdintona pro eo. r.c. de xxviii.s. 
et vi.d. de Areragio Firmae de anno praeterito. In th'ro nihil. Et 
Henrico de Waletona xxx.s. in Cestretone per breve Eegis. E. Q. E. 
-Et Idem de Nova Firma r.c. de c. et xl.li. bl. de Firma Comitatus 
de Staffordscira. In thesauro xxx.li. et xviii.d. bL 

Et in Elemosinis constitutis Militibus de Templo i. marc. Et 
Canonicis de Trentham c.s. in Blorton et Cokenache. Et in libera- 
tione constituta Cauonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custodiam 
Domorum Eegis de Canot. Et decein servientibus peditibus ix.li. 
et ii.s. et vi.d. ad custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. Et in Terris 
datis Monachis de Bordesleia x.li. bl. in Terdebigga. Et Willielmo 
de Herovilla Ix.s. in Wodnesberia. Et Militibus de Templo xliii.s. 
et iiii.d. bl. in Kiel. Et in pastura- quam Eex concessit Johamii 
Extraneo viii.s. et viii.d. Et in Wasto Forestae de Secchenil ix.s. Et 
Matheo de Gamages xv.li. in Wigentona. Et eidem iiii.li. in Tette- 
hale. Et eidem viii.li: in Mera. Episcopo Cestrensi x.li. pro 
Escambio de Canot et de Eugeleia. Et Henrico de Waltona xxx.s. 
in Cestretona. Et in operatione Castelli supra Limam xi.li. per 
breve Eegis. Et in operatione Gaiole c.s. per idem breve. Et in 
custamento posito supra Hulle le Bule prisone a festo Santi Martini 
usque ad Pascha vi.li. per idem breve. Et in custamento posito in 
itinere Widonis prisouis qui missus f uit per diversa loca ad facien- 
dum probuna Eegis xxx.s. per idem breve. Et pro Eogero de vena- 
tione sanando x.s. per idem breve. Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis 
faciendis xx.s. Et in custamento posito in prisonibus ductis per 
diversa loca Ii.s. per idem breve. Et pro vino carriando a Licheffeld 
per Diversa loca xii.s. per idem breve. Et in custamento posito in 
operatione molendini apud Novum Castrum c.s. per idem breve. Et 
debet xi.li. et xii.s. et viii.d. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de firma de Eoeleia. Et de Ix.s. 
de cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de iii.s. de exitu molen- 
dini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Desloges r.c. de. x. marc, de Censu Forestae de Canot. Et 
de xi.s. et v.d. de Pasnagio ejusdem Forestae hoc anno. In th'ro 
lib. in ii. Talliis. E. Q. E. Petrus del Broc debet xli. de veteri 
firma Forestae de Canot sicut continetur in Eotulo praecedente. 
Eicardus Waggetail debet xx viii.d. quia retraxit se. Willielmus 
Marescallus debet xlii.s. sicut continetur in Eotulo Eegis Eicardi 



102 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

quarto. Prsedictus Hugo Desloges r.c. de xl.s. de pasnagio hoc 
anno. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de x.li. et ix.s. et vi.d. de primo Scutagio 
Kegis Eicardi. In th'ro v. niarc. Et debet x. inarc. et ix.s. et vi.d- 

Ailwinus filius Leurici debet iiii.s. et ii.d. quia non habuit quern 
plegiavit. Robertus de la Lega debet vi.s. et ii.d. pro eodem. 
Walterus filius Godwini debet iiii.s. et viii.d. pro eodem. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xiii.li. et v.s. et iiii.d. de TallagioVillarum 
Eegis in Staffordscira. Et x. marc, de tine Eicardi de Dalham qure 
ideo non redduntur quia fuerunt redditoe ad' Scaccarium Eedemp- 
tionis Eegis sicut continetur in Eotulo decimo Eegis Eicardi. 

Eicardus de Vernun r.c. de xlviii.s. pro xx. libratis terra?. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Stephanus de Turneham debet v.s. de firma de 
Hulle et de Aluredeston. Willielmus Basset r.c. de x.li. et xvi.s. 
et viii.d. de debitis Aaron. In th'ro iii. marc. Et debet xii. marc, 
et xvi.s. et viii.d. 

De Oblatis. 

Willielmus de Wudeton debet iii. marc, pro habeudo brevi sicut 
coiitinetur in Eotulo Eegis Eicardi (sic in brig.) Hugo de Chau- 
cumba debet xli.li. et xviils. et iii.d. bl. de nrma Comitatus de anno 
decimo. Hugo Desloges r.c. de i. marc, pro licentia concordandi se 
et Eogerum de Benetlega. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de xii.li. et x.s. pro Manerio et Foresta 
de Kenefara sicut continetur in Eotulo primp, In thesauro ix.li. 
et debet Ixx.s. 

De Primo Scutagio Regis Joluinnis. 

Herveius Bagot xlv.li. de Scutagio. Hugo Pantulf r.c. de iiii- 
marc, de Scutagio. In th'ro lib. per manuni Vicecomitis Salopes- 
cirae. E. Q. E. Henricus de Oilli r.c. de viii.s. et x.d. et oboluin de 
Scutagio. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Abbas de Burton r.c. de xx. marc. 
de dono. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Prior de Lappeleia r.c. de iii. 
marc, de dono. In th'ro xxx.s. Et debet x.s. 
Amerciamenta per Abbatem de Teokesberid et Simonem de Pateshulle 

et.socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de viii.s. et xid. de Yillata de Lech pro 
transgressione. Et de xl.d. de Waltero filio Willielmi. Et de xx.s. 
de Hugone Desloges. Et de v.s. de Eicardo filio Musse. Et de 
xl.d. de Hugone filio Eadulphi. Et de ii.s. et viii.d. de Milone del 
Bech. Et de ii.s. et iiii.d. de Eicardo Cordewan. Efi de xvi.d. de 
Phih'ppo de Lutelega. Et de ii.s. et iiii.d. de Kadulpho de Langeho. 
Et de x.s. de Eadulpho de Dulmere pro causis quse aunotautur in 



ROLL OF .3 JOHN (1200-1201). 103 

Eotulo prsecedenti. Et de xLs. de Kadulpho de Mortone. In th'ro 
lib. in xi. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hundred de Seisdon r.c. de v.s. et viii.d. pro murdro. In th'ro 
xii.d. Et debet iiii.s. et viii.d. Hundred de Cudulvestan r.c. de 
v.s. et viii.d. pro eodem. In th'ro xii.d. Et debet iiii.s. et viii.d. 
Pirehul Hundred r.c. de v.s. et viii.d. pro .eodem. In th'ro xviiLd. 
Et debet iiii.s. et ii.d. Alwredus Serviens debet xl.d. Eicardus 
Bausac debet ii.s. et vi.d. Villata de Langedona debet xx.s. 
pro murdro. Adam Cordewan debet dimid. marc. Willielmus 
filius Vice Comitis debet xx.s. Henricus Canonicus debet dimid. 
marc. Nicholas de Mugintona debet xx.s. Gilbertus de White- 
grave debet dimid. marc, pro causis quse armotantur in Eotulo 
praecedenti. 

Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de dimid. marc, de Eirma Molendini* 
extra Stafford sicut continetur in Eotulo decimo. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Item de Oblatis. 

Milo de Sandford debet iii.. marc, pro brevi de Morte Antecessoris 
sicut continetur in Eotulo prsecedente. Milites de Staffordscira 
debent xl. marc, et unum palefredum pro habenda libertate sicut 
continetur in Eotulo praecedente. Willielmus Lespech xl. marc, et 
unum bonum palefredum pro habenda libertate sicut continetur in 
Eotulo praecedente. Sed requirendus est in Devenescira. 

Willielmus Euffus r.c. de c.s. ne fieret pluralea bosci de Wales- 
hale. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Jordanus del Canot debet i. rnarc. pro habenda Baillia sua in 
haia Hugonis Desloges. Eicardus de Prestewude debet v. marc, 
pro habenda baillia sicut cuntinetur in Eotulo praecedenti. Her- 
veius Bagot debet i. marc, pro Judaeis sicut continetur ibidem. 
De Placitis Forestce per Huyonem de Nemlla, 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dimid. marc, pro Willielmo de Poltone. 
Et de i. marc, de Eicardo filio Alani. Et de dimid. marc, de Herveio 
Euffo. Et de x.s. de Villata de Seperigge. Et de ii. marc, de Gal- 
frido de Norton. Et de iii. marc, de Willielmo de Waure. Et de 
dimid. marc, de Villata de Burlaveston. Et de dimid. marc, de 
Villata de Penchille. Et de dimid. marc, de Villata de Willaveston. 
Et de i. marc, de Villata de Wilenhale. Et de dimid marc, de 
Abbate de Lilleshulle. Et de ii. marc, de Galfrido Salvagio. Et 
de i. marc, de Willielmo Pantulf. Et de dimid. marc, de Eoberto 
del Bee. Et de i. marc, de Eoberto de Sinverton. Et de dimid. 
marc, de Willielmo Griffin. Et de viiis. de Eadulpho de Dulverne 
et Osberto de Fotebroc. Et de i. marc, de Eadulpho de Mittoii pro 



104 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

causis quse annotantur in Kotulo precedent!. In th'ro lib. in xviii. 
talliis. 'E. Q. E. Hugo de Acoure r.c. de ii. marc, pro quodam men- 
dacio sibi imposito In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Milites Manentes circa 
Forestam Novain r.c. de c.s. pro acquietantia de Viridi. In th'ro 
lii.s. et vi.d. Et debent xlvii.s. et vi.d. lidem r.c. de eodem debito. 
In th'ro vii.s. Et debent xl.s. et vi.d. Drogo de Alrewich r.c. de 
i. marc. In th'ro dimid. marc. Et debet dimid. marc. 

Idem ' Vicecomes r.c. de xiiii.li. et xiiii.s. et xi.d. et obolum de 
minutis particulis sicut continetur in Kotulo prsecedenti. In th'ro 
c. et xviLs. Et debet viii.li. et xvii.s. et xi.d. et obolum. 

Milites Manentes circa Brewde r.c. de iii. marc, pro consuetu- 
dinibus habendis quas habere solebant. In th'ro xxv.s. et vi.d. 
Et debent xiiii.s. et vi.d. Milites de Canot extra feodum Episcopi 
r.c. de iii. marc, ut viride non placitetur per menses. In th'ro xxx.s. 
Et debent x.s. Willielmus del Wai debet xx.s. quia non habuit 
quern- plegiavit. Vivianus de Stoches debet i. marc, pro canibus 
suis habendis. Hugo Desloges debet ii. marc, pro Scriptis Eoberti 
del Broc sicut continetur in Eotulo praecedenti. Tomas de Kellun 
debet i. marc, pro transgressione. Walterus filius Edith debet 
i marc, pro eadem. 
Nova Oblata de Finibus JBaronum tie transfretent et de Scutagiis suis. 

Willielmus de Canville r.c. de iii. marc, pro eodem et pro feodo 
unius militis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eadulphus de Sumeri r.c. de c.m. pro eodem et pro feodo quin- 
quaginta Militum. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Episcopus Cestrise r.c. de xx.li. de Scutagio. In th'ro xv.li. et debet c.s. 

Tomas de Verdun r.c. de ii. marc, de Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de quater xx.li. de Scutagio. In th'ro 
xxxv.li. et v.s. Et debet xliiii.li. et xv.s. 

Hugo Pantulf iii. marc, de Scutagio in hoc Comitatu. 

Henricus de Oilli viii.s. et x.d. et obolum de Scutagio. 

Comes de Ferrariis habet quietantiam per breve Galfridi filii Petri. 
Nova Oblata. 

Hawisa de Waterfare debet xl.s. pro habenda Magna Assist de 
quatuor bovatis terrse cum pertinentiis in Buterdona versus Henri- 
cum de Dudestona (Denestona legendum) coram Eege. Eicardus de 
Eushale debet x. marc, et unum palefredum pro habenda Cart& 
Eegis de terra de Euleia quam pater suus tenuit. 

Simon de Sibbeford debet xxx. marc, ut replegiatur-ad standum 
recto si quis voluerit loqui versus eum de morte cujusdam hominis 
qui per preceptum suum debuit occidi. 



KOLL OF 3 JOHN (1200-1201). 105 

Willielmus Griffin debet xxx. marc, et imum palefredum pro 
habenda serjantia in hundred de Pirehulle in feodo. 

Willielmus de Titebrome debet xx.s. ut Judicium fiat de loquela 
quae fuit inter Eogerum fratrem suum et Roger um de Hintes coram 
Justiciariis secundum quod coram eis fuit deducta. 

Osbertus de Camera debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. 
Rogerus de Tichebrome debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. Mathania 
de Coltuna debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. 

Canonici de Trentham debent i. marc, pro claudendo Bosco suo 
ita quod ferae possint intrare et exire. 

Tomas filius 'Rogeri debet x. marc, pro habenda tota terra, quae 
fuit Ricardi de Aluredestona suspensi, in Aluredestona et in Hulle. 

Rogerus de Summervill debet xx. marc, de fine Stephani de 
Belchanip sicut continetur in Rotulo Essexscirae. 

Willielmus de Brai debet xi.li. pro defectu quas requirebantur in 
Oxenefordscira. 

From the Essex and Hertfordshire Pipe-Roll, 3 John. 

De OUatis. 

Stephanus de Belchamp r.c. de c.li. pro Henrico de Longocampo. 
In th'ro xvi.li. et i. marc, et debet quater xx.li. et lxvi.s. et viii.d. 

From the Pipe-Roll of Warwickshire and Leicestershire, 3 John. 

Entropius Hasteng et Avice uxor ejus debent x. marc, pro recto 
sicut continetur in Rotulo primo. 

De placitis G. filii Petri et sociorum ejus. 

Roger Vigilis r.c. de xii.s. et iiii.d. pro eodern. [i.e. de catallis 
fugitivi.] In th'ro ii.s. et iiii.d., et debet x.s. 

Hugo Bardulf debet xx. boves et iiii. equos et c. oves et li. agnos 
de catallis Roberti de Broc sed non debet sumoneri quia reddidit 
precium predictorum catallorum in Rotulo anni vi., in Rotulo 
eschaeiurum, et ibi quietus est. 

De OUatis. Matilda quae fuit uxor Rogeri de Sumervill r.c. de x. 
marc, et i. palefrido ut non distringatur sicut continetur ibidem 
[i.e. in Rotulo precedente.] In th'ro vi. marc, et debet iiii. marc, et 
i. palefridum. 

Willelmus de Harecurt debet c. marc, pro habenda filia primo- 
genita Tomas Noel. 

From the Salop Pipe-Roll, 3 John. 
Fines facti per H. de Nevilla. 

Tomas Noel debet cc. marc, ut possit libere maritare filias suas. 

Nova -Oblata. Tomas Noel r.c. de ccc. marc, et iii. palefridis pro 

filia sua juniore maritanda Tomae filio Eustachii. In th'ro xx.li. 



106 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

et debet c. et quater xx.li. et iii. palefridos de quibus Tomas filius 
Eustachii debet reddere cc. marc, et preterea i. osturcum et debet 
summoneri in Lincolscira. 

From the Pipe-Roll of Lincolnshire, 3 John. 
De amerciamentis per H. Bardulf, 

Philippus de Westeneis r.c. de dimid. marc. In th'ro xl.d. et 
debet xl.d. 

De Oblatis. Gerardus de Kanvill r.c. de dccc.li. pro ha*benda 
femiua Tome de Verdun sicut continetur ibidem [i.e. in Eotulo 
precedente.] In th'ro cc. marc, et debet dc. et IxvLli. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 3 JOHN (MICHAELMAS, 1201). 

This Eoll presents subjects of enquiry rather than of comment. 

A Prisoner, called " Hulle le Bule," had been maintained by the 
Sheriff from November llth, 1200, till March 25th, 1201 (about 
nineteen weeks), at a cost of 6. I can only guess that this man 
and " Wido," named in the next clause, were "Approvers " retained 
in the service of the Crown. For a description of this infamous 
class I refer elsewhere (Antiq. Shropshire, I., -289). No cost seems 
to have been spared in their maintenance. 

Et pro Rogero de venatione sanando 10s. per breve Regis. Ten 
shillings were paid to one Eoger, engaged to cure the King's veni- 
son. The metaphorical use of the English term " to cure " is 
extended quaintly but most unclassically to the Latin verb ' sanare.' 

Stephen de Turnham is farming two Escheats of the Crown. 
Alureileston, or Alston, originally a member of De Stafford's great 
Manor of Bradley, was now or lately held as a member of Haughton. 
We resume this subject below. 
Nova Oblata de Finibus Baronum ne transfretent et de Scutagiis suis. 

This was relevant to King John's " Second Scutage," at the rate 
of two merks per fee. But now the Barons, especially the lesser 
Barons, like William de Camville, begin to pay, in addition to their 
ordinary scutage, an occasional Fine " ne transfretent." Probably 
this was an innovation on the practice of Henry II.'s time, when 
Scutage paid and service rendered each worked exemption from 
the other. 

Eichard de Eushale was not the contemporary Lord of Eushale. 
He probable Fines for livery of Eowley Eegis in succession to his 
Father. Eowley Eegis was a Tenure-in-capite, the tenant of which 
never appears as paying more than a " crementum " or a ferm (as 
it came to be called) of one merk to the Sheriff. This is the only 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN (1200-1201). 107 

passage I have yet met with which can be supposed to tell us any- 
thing about the old lords of Eowley Eegis. 

Simon de Sibbeford owes thirty merks, his Fine that he may 
give bail for taking his trial if anyone cared to indite him for the 
death of a certain person; said to have been slain by his order. 

As a Forest-Bailiff might hold office under the Chief Forester 
and be deemed thewhile to be a Tenant-in-capite by Serjeantry. of 
the Crown, so William Griffin, Gustos of Pirehill Hundred, held 
under the Sheriff, and his office was deemed a Serjeantry. The 
office was lucrative. The Custos paid a rent for holding it. It 
was a Crown rent. It was perhaps an item of the Firma Comitatus 
(140 blanche) ; but whereas the Sheriff always farmed the County 
the rent of the Custos was payable to the Sheriff. William Griffin 
now Fines with the Crown, that he may hold his Serjeantry in fee, 
by which I understand that it should be secured to him and his 
heirs for ever. Pirehill was the only Staffordshire Hundred thus 
held by Serjeantry. 

William de Thickbroom Fines that his brother Eoger's suit against 
Roger de Hintes be followed by a judgment according with such 
settlement as had resulted from the hearing before the Justiciars. 
If the following sentences be rightly arranged, it would seem that 
the Justices had amerced Eoger de Thichbroom and others for a 
" false claim." 

The Canons of Trentham seek license to fence their wood, pro- 
vided it be done in such sort as that the King's deer may pass in 
and out without hindrance. 

Thomas Fitz Eoger was Lord of Haughton and High Offley. 
Aluresdeston, now called Alston, was a member of Haughton (see. 
above). Hulle, also perhaps a member of Haughton, no longer 
bears .-_;o simple a name. Eichard de Alston, De Haughton's tenant 
at Alston and Hill, had been hanged eight years, before. His 
estates, which should have reverted to the crown for the %< King's 
term " (a year and a day), had been an escheat much longer, 
probably because the outlaw's Seigneur had neglected to claim them. 
He now does so, proffering a Fine suitable to the occasion. 

Stephen de Beauchamp's Fine (extracted from the Essex and 
Hertfordshire Pipe-Eoll) shows him proposing to account with the 
Crown for his Livery. Henry deLongchamp had had him in ward,and 
probably had released him under some composition. The youth 
was born in April, 1182, and was now (September, 1201,) short of 
his majority by eighteen months. 



108 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

HUGH BARDULF'S accounts, as Escheator, have been referred to 
in former instances. (See pp. 39, 47, 72, 75 6.) 

MATILDA DE SOMERV>LL'S account begun in 2 John (supra p. 96) 
and the last instalment was paid in 7 John (1205). 
WILLIAM DE HARCOURT'S . and THOMAS NOEL'S Fines, with the 
genealogical indiciae thereof, are described at length Antiquities of 
Shropshire (Vol. III., p. 133). 



MAG. EOT. PIP., 4 JOHN (1201-1202). 

Galfridus films Petri, Tomas de Erdinton pro eo r.c. de c. et xl.li. 
bl. de firma Comitatus de Staffordscira. In th'ro xix.li. et xv.d. bL 

Et in Elemosinis constitutis Militibus de Templo i. marc. Et 
Canonicis de Trentham c.s. in Blorton et Cokenache. Et in libera- 
tione constitute, Canonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custodiam 
Domorum Eegis de. Cnot. Et x. servientibus peditibus ix.li. et ii.s. 
et vi.d. ad custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. Et in Terris datis 
Monachis de Bordesleia x.li. bl. in Terdebigga. Et Willielmo de Hero- 
ville Ix.s. inWodnesberia. Et Militibus de Templo xliii.s. et iiii.d. bl. 
in Kiel. Et in pastura quarn Eex concessit Johanni Extraneo viii.s. 
et viii.d. Et in Wasto Forestse de Secchehulle ix.s. Et Matheo de 
Gamages xv.li. in Wigintona. Et eidem iiii.li. in Tettenhale. Et 
eidem viii.li. in Mera\ Et Episcopo Cestrensi x.li. pro Escarnbio de 
Canot et Eugeleia. Et Henrico de Waletona xxx.s. in Cestretona. 
Et Reso Coch et Elethio filio Ithenard c.s. de dono per breve Gal- 
fridi filii Petri. Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis xlvii.s. et 
viii.d. Et in emendatione Camerse et Bretachiarum de Novo 
Castello sub Limam xxi.li. per breve Eegis et per visum Buerni et 
Gilberti. Et in quadragesima parte maneriorurn Eegis concessa terrse 
Jerosolem xlv.s. et vii.d. per preedictum breve. .Et in operatione 
cujusdam pontis apud prsedictum Castellum xl.s. per idem breve. 
Et in emendatione cujusdam 'Molendini et Stagni quae pertinent ad 
prsedictum Castellum iii. marc, et dimid. per idem breve. Et debet 
xx.li. et xvii.s. et xi.d. bl. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de firma de Eolea. Et de Ix.s. 
de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de iii.s. de exitu Molen- 
dini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Des Loges r.c. de x. marc, de Censu Forestee de Canot. Et 
de Ixxv.s. et v.d. de pasnagio. In th'ro lib. in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 
. Petrus del Broc debet x.li. de veteri firma sicut continetur in 
Eotulo secundo. Willielmus Marescallus debet xlii.s. sicut con- 



ROLL OF 4 JOHN (1201-1202). 109 

tinetur in Kotulo Eegis Eicardi quarto. Eicardus Waggetail r.c. de 
xxviii.d. quia retraxit se. In th'ro vi.d. Et debet xxild. Herveius 
Bagot r.c. de x. marc, et ix.s. et vi.d. de prirno Scutagio Eegis 
Eicardi. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Ailwinus filius Leurici r.c. de iiii.s. 
. et ii.d. quia non habet quern plegiavit. In th'ro iii.s. et vi.d. Et 
debet viii.d. Idem Vicecomes debet xiii.li. et v.s. et iiii.d. de 
Tallagio Villarum Eegis in Staffordscira. Et x. marc, de fine 
Eicardi de Belham (sic in orig.) quse ideo non redduntur propter 
causam quse annotatur in Eotulo pr.secedente. S. de Turneham 
debet v.s. de firma de Hulle et de Aluredestona. Willielmus 
Basset r.c. de xii. marc, et xvi.s. et viii.d. de debitis Aaron. In 
th'ro iii. marc. Et debet. ix.marc. et xvi.s. et viii.d. Willielmus de 
Wudetona debet iii. marc, pro habendo brevi. Hugo de Chaucumba 
debet xli.li. et xviii.s. et iiid. bl. sicut continetur in Eotulo prsece- 
denti. Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de lxx.s. pro Manerio et Foresta 
de Kenefare sicut coutinetur in Eotulo primo. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
De Primo Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot xlv.li. de Scutagio. Prior de Lappeleia r.c. 
de x.s. de dono. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Amerciamentis. 

. Idem Vicecomes r.c. de iiii.s. et viii.d. de hundred de Seisdona. 
Et de iiii.s. et viii.d. de hundred de Cudulvestana. Et de iiii.s. et 
ii.d. de Pirehulle hundred pro murdro. In th'ro lib. in iii. tallii.s 
E. Q. E. Eicardus Bousac r.c. de ii.s.'et vi.d. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Aluredus Servians debet xl.d. Villata de Langedona debet xx.s. 
pro murdro. Adam Cordewan debet dimid. marc. Willielmus 
filius Vicecomitis r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro ii.s. Et debet xviii.s. 

De Oblatis. 

Milo de Sanford debet iii. marc, pro brevi sicut contiuetur in 
Eotulo secundo. Milites de Staffordscira debent xl. marc, et unum 
palefredum sicut continetur ibidem. Jordanus del Canot r.c. de i. 
marc, pro habenda baillia sua in haia Hugonis des Loges. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. Eicardus de Prestwude r.c. de v. marc, pro habenda 
baillia sicut continetur in Eotulo secundo. In th'ro i. 'marc. Et 
debet iiii. marc. Herveius Bagot debet i. marc, pro Judseis sicut 
coutinetur ibidem. 

De Placitis Forestcc. 

Milites manentes circa Novam Forestam r.c. de xl.s. et vi.d. pro 
acquietantia de viridi. In th'ro xv.s. Et debent xxv.s. et vi.d. 
Drogo de Alrewic r.c. de dimid. marc. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Milites 
manentes circa Briewude debent xiiii.s. et vi.d. sicut continetur in 

. 



110 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Rotulo prsecedente. Milites del Canot r.c. de x.s. ut viride non 
placitetur. In th'ro ii.s. Et debent viiLs. Idem Vicecomes r.c. de 
viii.li. et xvii.s. et xi.d. et obolum de minutis particulis. In th'ro 
xxix.s. et iiii.d. Et debet vii.li. et viii.s. et vii.d. Willielmus del 
Wai debet xx.s. quia non habet quern plegiavit. Vivianus de Stokes 
debet i. marc, pro canibus suis habendis. Tomas de Kellun debet 
i: marc, pro transgressione. "Walterus films Edith debet i. marc, 
pro eodem. Hugo Des Loges ii. marc, pro scriptis Robert! sicut 
continetur in Eotulo secundo. 

Episcopus Cestriae r.c. de c.s. de Scutagio. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
Tomas de Verdun ii. marc, de Scutagio. Hervei.us Bagot xliiii.li. et 
xv.s. de Scutagio. Hugo Pantulf debet iiii. marc, de Scutagio. Sed 
habet quietantiam inde in Salopescira per breve Regis et ideo non 
debet summoneri. Henricus de Oilli r.c. de viii.s. et x.d. de Scu- 
tagio. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Oblatis. 

Hawisa de Waterfare r.c. de xl.s. pro habenda magna Assisa. In 
th'ro ii. marc. Et debet i. marc. Ricardus de Rushale debet x. 
marc, et unum palefredum pro habenda Carta Regis sicut continetur 
ibidem (sic ; sed, " in Rotulo tertio " intelligendum). Simon de 
Sibbeford debet xx.li. ut replegietur sicut continetur ibidem. 
Willielmus Griffin debet xx.li. et unum palefredum pro habenda' 
serjantia sicut continetur ibidem sed non debet summoneri quia 
Willielmus filius Eustacii respondet infra. Willielmus de Titebrome 
r.c. de xx.s. ut Judicium fiat sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro i. 
marc. Et debet dimid. marc. Osbertus de Camera r.c. de dimid. 
marc, pro judicio sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
Rogerus de Titebrom r.c. de dimid. marc, pro eodem. In th'ro xl.d. 
Et debet xl.d. Mathania de Coltuha r.c. de dimid. marc, pro eodem. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Canonici de Trentham r.c. de i. marc, pro claudendo Bosco sicut 
continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. s. 

Tomas filius Rogeri v. marc, pro habendti terra sicut continetur 
ibidem. Rogerus de Summerville debet xx. marc, da fine de 
Stephano sicut ibidem. Willielmus de Bra'i debet xi.li. pro defectu. 
Sed respice infra. Willielmus filius Wirnari r.c. de dimid. marc, de 
firma vivarii de Stafford. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Philippus de 
Kenefara r.c. de ix.li. de firm& de Kenefara de anno secundo. Et 
de iiii.li. et x.s. de anno prseterito. Et de ix.li. de hoc anno. In 
th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. E Q. E. Willielmus de Brai r.c. de xi.li. pro 
defectu. In th'ro xl.s. Et debet ix.li. 



ROLL OF 4 JOHN (1201-1202). Ill 

Nova Oblata. 

Willielmus filius Eustacii r.c. de xx.li. et unum palefredum pro 
habendo hundred de Pirhulle ad feodi firmam reddendo inde per 
annum iiii.li. et vi.s. et viii.d. In th'ro x. marc. Et debet xx. marc, 
et unum palefredum. 

Amerciamenta per Galfridum filium Petri. 

Hugo Meverell debet v. marc, pro disseisina. Prior de Trentham 
debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. Walterus Cuingnie debet dimidiam 
marc, pro falso clamore. Eobertus de Wudicote debet iii. marc, pro 
disseisina. Walterus de Witefeld debet xl.s. pro eodem. Math- 
ania de Coltune debet dimid. marc, pro eodem.. Henricus de Peria 
debet dimidiam marc, pro eodem. 

Osbertus de Eslega debet v. marc, ut possit facere Molendinum 
suuni de Horslega. 

De Finibus et Scutagiis Militum de Tertio Scutagio. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de iii. marc, de Willielmo de Canville pro 
feodo unius militis. 

Et de xx. marc, de Herveio Bagot de fine suo ne transfretet. 

Et de xv. marc, de Galfrido Salvagio pro feodo dimidii militis- 
In th'ro lib. in ii. Talliis. E. Q. E. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de xx. marc, ne transfretet. In th'ro xii- 
marc. Et debet viii. marc. 

Episcopus Cestrise r.c. de xx.li. de Scutagio. In th'ro xv.li. Et 
debet c.s. 

Nicholas de Verdun debet ii. marc, de Scutagio. Sed postea 
habuit quietantiam per breve Eegis. 

Herveius de Bagot (sic) r.c. de c, et xx. marc, de Scutagio. In th'ro 
xxx. marc. Et debet Ix.li. 

Isti habent quietantiam per brevia. 

Comes de Cestria de viii. feodis sicut Vicecomes dicit. Henricus 
de Oilli de tertia parte. Comes de Ferrariis de feodo unius militis 
et quarta parte. Eadulphus de Sumeri. 

Willielmus Euffus debet xx. marc, et unum palefredum pro 
habendis in Custodia vii. Bovatis terras cum pertinentiis in Eamton 
quse sunt in manu Eegis ratione custodise puerorum Gundrede de 
Mustiers donee heredes ipsius Gundrede talis sint oetatis quod 
debeant . % . . terram tenere. 

From the Berkshire Pipe-Roll, 4. John. 

Nova Oblata. Adam de Brinton debet v. marc, pro habendo recto 
de feodo i. militis et dimidii in Thene et Hoctun versus Aliciam de 
Hoctun. 



112 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 4 John. 

De OUatis. Willelmus de Harecurt r.c. de c. marc, pro habend& 
filia primogenita Tome Noel. In th'ro 1. marc, et debet 1. marc. 
Amerciamenta per H. Bardulfet Henricum de Norhanton et socios suos. 

Simon Bagot debet i. marc, pro habenda recognitione de morte 
antecessoris apud Norhanton. 

Eobertus Trussel debet dimid. marc, pro disseisina. 

De secundo scutagio. Tomas Noel debet x. marc, pro feodo i. 
militis quse x. marc, annotantur. in Salopescira. 

De tertio scutagio. Herveius Bagot r.c. de Ix.s. et ii.d. de scutagio 
in hoc comitatu. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

From the Salop Pipe-Roll, 4 John. 

Agnes filia Hamonis debet xx. marc, pro habenda rationabili 
parte de terra patris sui sicut continetur in Eotulo vii. Eegis 
Eicardi quse debeiit requiri a Waltero de Whitefeld viro sororis 
ejusdein per finem quern fecerunt in curia Eegis. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 4 JOHN (MICHAELMAS, 1202). 

The Sheriff, by order of the Chief Justice, had subsidized two 
Welsh Chieftains in this year. The contemporary Pipe-Eoll of 
Shropshire has a third instance of like diplomacy. 

If King John's contributions, in aid of the Holy Land, were a 
bona fide fortieth cf his Manorial income in every County, it would 
follow that his Staffordshire Manors were represented by a net in- 
come of 86 12s. 2d. blanche, whereas the whole ferm was 140 
blanche. In the sequel it will appear that the Manors constituted 
a larger proportion of the County Ferm than 86 12s. 2d. There 
is a similar appearance in the assessment of the fortieth on the 
King's income from Shropshire Manors. 

Nova Oblata. 

William Griffin, here called William Fitz Eustace, commences 
an account in solution of his dblatum of the previous year. Mean- 
time the terms of his proposal have been materially altered or else 
were not explicitly stated in the oblatum, or Inchoate Fine. The 
Fine to be paid down is the same, but he is also to pay a fee-farm 
rent of 4 6s. 8d. (6| merks) per annum. Subsequent- records 
prove that this tenure of Pirehill Hundred still remained in name 
a SerjeaDtry, and was hereditary. There is no incompatibility in 
the terms. The Serjeantry, like all Serjeantries, involved a specific 
service, viz., custody of Pirehill Hundred. It also involved a fee- 
farm rent. 



ROLL. OF 4 JOHN (1201-1202). 113 

Am&rciamenta per Gqlfridum filium Petri. 

The Chief Justice went in Eyre this year. He visited Shrop- 
shire later on. . 

De Finibus et Scutagiis Militum de Tercio Scutagio. ' 

The third Scutage of King John was- put in charge in 1202, at the 
rate of two merks per fee. William de CamviU's assessment is over 
the rate. Harvey Bagot's assessment at the ordinary rate is coupled 
with an extra Fine of twenty merks, ne transfretet. 

The eight fees, for scutage on which the Earl of Chester had a 
release, cannot have been'all in Staffordshire. 

WILLIAM EUFUS'-S Fine does not, perhaps, relate to any Stafford- 
shire estate. 

BERKSHIRE EOLL. In Adam de Brimton's Fine, the twice- 
repeated word Hoctun should be read ' Hopton.' The suit pro recto 
was continued by Adam de Brimton's mother Eva, when remarried 
with Walter de Whitfield. The result will be found in a Final 
Concord of 10 John. (See Collections, Vol. I., p. 161.) 

WARWICKSHIRE EOLL. For more about William de Harcourt, 
see 'pp. 41, 67, 105, 108, 112, supra, and Collec., I., 155, 186 ; also 
Antiquities of Shropshire, III., 133. , 

The Iter of Hugh Bardulf and Henry de Northampton had not 
extended to Staffordshire. 

Simon Bagot has occurred en former pages of these Collections 
(Vol. I, pp. 179, 180). 

Eobert Trussell's descendants subsequently obtained a footing 
in Staffordshire by marriage with the heiress of Pantulf of Hales. 

, Thomas Noel's liability for ten merks, covered, according to the 
.Shropshire Pipe-Eoll, his assesment on both the second and third 
scutages of King John. His accounts on both scutages are fully 
entered on the Shropshire Pipe-Eolls, with reference, as to a 
balance, to the Pipe-Eoll of Warwickshire and Leicestershire. His 
actual payment of 5 merks on the third scutage, though it is 
entered on the Shropshire and not on the Staffordshire Eoll, was 
forwarded to the treasury by hand of the Sheriff of Staffordshire. 

Thorrfas Noel held nothing in Staffordshire, in capite de Rege per 
servicium militare j but in Shropshire, his tenures of Alveley and 
of Weston (near Marchomley) were of that description. 

SALOP EOLL. Agnes Fitz Hamon, alias Agnes de Stockton, was 
sister of Eva, above mentioned, first married to Eobert de Brinton, 
then to Walter de Whitfield. Eva and Agnes were daughters and 
coheirs of Hamo de Longford. (See Antiquities of Shropshire). 
I * 



114 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

MAG: ROT. PIP., 5 JOHN (1202-1203). 

Galfridus filius Pefrri, Tomas de Erdinton pro eo r.c. de c. 
et xLli. bl. de firma de Staffordscira. In th'ro xxilli. bl. Et 
in Elemosinis constitutis Militibus de Templo i. marc. Et Canoii- 
icis de Trenham c.s. in Blorton et Cokenache. Et in liberatione 
constituta Canonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custodiam Domo- 
rum Eegis de Canot. Et x. servientibus peditibus ix.li. et ii.s. et 
vi.d. ad custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. Et in Terris datis 
Monachis de Bordesleia x.li. bl. in Terdebigga. Et Willielmo de 
Heroville Ix.s. in Wodnesberia. Et Militibus de Templo xliiis. et 
iiii.d. bl. in Kiel. Et in pastura quam Rex concessit Johanni 
Extraneo viii.s. et viiid. Et in Wasto Forestse de Secchehulle ix.s. 
Et Matheo de Gamages xv.li. bl. in Wigintona. Et eidem iiii.lL in 
Tettehale. Et eidem viii.li. in Mera. Et Episcopo Cestrensi x.li. 
pro Escambio de Canot et de Rugeleia. Et Henrico de Waletona 
xxx.s. in Cestretona. Et Alano Wastehose xl.s. per breve Galfridi filii 
Petri. Et in reparatione Domorum Regis et Molendini et Stagni 
de Novo Castello sub Lima xiiii,li. et xvi.s. perbreve Regis, et per 
visum Willielmi filii Adamse et Burini prepositi. Et in operatione 
duarum Gailarum scilicet apud Stafford et apud Novum Castrum et 
unius pontis ibidem iiii.li. et x.s. pro prsedictum breve. Et in 
liberatione unius probatoris a f esto Johannis Baptistae usque ad 
clausum Paschse xxvi.s. Et in apparatu ejusdem, et pro eo 
cariando per plura loca x.s. Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis 
IxxviLs. Et debet xxv.li. et xii.s, bL 

Idem Vicecomes xx.li. et xvii.s. et xid. bl. de remanenti firma 
comitatus de anno prseterito. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de firma de Itoleia. Et de Ix.s. 
de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de tii.s. de exitu Molen- 
dini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Des Loges r.c. de.x. marc, de Censu Forestse de Canot. Et 
de xiiii.s. et iiii.d. de pasnagio. In th'ro lib. in ii. talliis. E. Q E. 
Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de dimid. marc, de firma Vivarii de 
Stafford. In th'ro lib. E: Q. E. Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de 
ix.li. de firm! de Kenefara. In th'ro iiii.li. et x.s. per manum 
Hugonis de Neville. Et debet iiii.li. et x.s. 

Ailwinus filius Leurici r.c. de viii.d. quia non habet quern plegiavit- 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Idem Vicecomes debet xiii.li. et v.s. iiii.d. de 
Tallagio Villarum Regis in Staffordscira. Et x. marc, de fine Ricardi 
de Dalham quse ideo non redduntur propter causam quaa annotatur 



ROLL OF 5 JOHN (1202-1203), 115 

in Rotulo tertio. S. de Turneham debet vi.s. de firma de Hulle. 
Willielmus Bassett r.c. de ix.m, et xvi.s. et viiixl. de debitis Aaron. 
In th'ro iii. marc. Et debet vii. marc, et xl.d. Willielmus de 
Wudetona debet iii. marc, pro habendo brevi. Hugo de Chau- 
cumba debet xli.li. et xvili.s. et iii.d. bl. sicut continetur tertio (sic). 
Adam Cordewan debet dimidiam marcam. 
De Primo Scutagio 

Herveius Bagot xlv.li. de eodem. Et i. marc pro Judaeis 
sicut continetur in Eotulo Secundo. Milites de Staffordscira debent 
xl. marc, et unum palefredum sicut continetur in Eotulo secundo 
Eicardus de Prestewude r.c. de iiii. marc, pro habenda baillia sicut 
continetur ibidem. In th'ro ii. marc. Et debet ii. marc. 
De Placitis Forestce. 

Milites manentes circa Novam Forestam debent xxv.s. et vi.d. 
pro acquietantia viridi. Milites manentes circa Brewude debent 
xiiii.s. et vi.d. sicut continetur in Eotulo tertio. Milites manentes 
circa Canot debent viii.s. ut viride non placitetur. Idem Vicecomes 
debet vii.li. et viii.s. et viid. de minutis particulis. Hugo Des Loges 
ii. marc, pro scriptis Eoberti sicut continetur in Eotulo Secundo. 
Tomas de Verdun ii. marc, de Secundo Scutagio. Herveius Bagot 
xliiii.li. et xv.s. de eodem. 

De Oblatis. 

Hawisa de Waterfare r.c. de i. marc, pro habenda Magna Assisa. 
"tn th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eicardus de Eushale r.c. de x. marc, et uno palefredo pro 
iabenda Carta Eegis sicut continetur in Eotulo prsecedenti. In 
ih'ro x. marc, et v. marc, pro palefredo in ii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Simon de Sibbeford debet xx.li. ut replegietur sicut continetur 
bidem. Willielmus de Titebrome r.c. de dimidia rnaica ut judicium 
: at sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eogerus de Titebrome r.c. de xl.d. pro juditio sicut continetur 
)idem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Tomas filius Eogeri x. marc, pro habenda terra sicut contine- 
ir ibidem. 

Eogerus de Sumerville xx. marc, de fine Stephani sicut 

ntinetur ibidem. 

Willielmus de Brai r.c. de ix.li. pro defectu. In th'ro xl.s. et 

ibet vii.li. 

Willielmus filius Eustacii r.c. de xx. marc, et uno palefredo 

o habendo hundredo de Pirehulle sicut continetur ibidem. In 

'ro xx. marc, et v. marc, pro palefredo. In i. tallio. E. Q. E. 



116 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Amerciamenta per G-alfridum filium Petri. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dimid. marc, de priory de Trentham pro 
disseisina. Et de dimid. marc, de Waltero de Cuingne pro falso 
clamore. Et de dimid. marc, de Henrico de Peria pro disseisina. 
In th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. E. Q. E. , 

Eobertus de Wudicote r.c. de iii. marc, pro disseisina. In th'rp 
xx.s. Et de"bet xx.s. Walterus de Whitefeld r.c. de xl.s. pro eodem. 
In th'ro x.s. Et debet xxx.s. Mathania de Coltona r.c. de dimid. 
marc, pro eodem. In th'ro xl.d Et debet xl.d. Osbertus de Es- 
lega debet v. marc, ut possit facere Molendinum suurn de Horslega." 
De Tertio Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot.r.c. de viii: marc, ne transfretet. In th'ro iiii. 
marc. Et debet iiii. marc. Episcopus Cestrise c.s. de Scutagio. 
Herveius Bagot r.c. de Ix.li. de Scutagio. In th'ro (sic). Willielmus 
Kuffus debet xx. marc, et unum palefredum pro habendis in custodia 
vii. Bovatis terras sic continetur in Eotulo praecedente. 
De Taillagio facto per Simonem de Pateskulle et Willielmum de 
Cantelu et socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xv.li. et xiii.s. et v.d. de Tallagio hominum 
quorum nomina annotantur in Eotulo quern praedicti liberaverunt 
in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in quater xx. et xiii. Talliis. E. Q. E. 
De Mnibus et Scutagiis Militum de quarto Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot c. et xx.m. de Scutagio pro feodo Ix. mill turn. 

Hugo Pantulf iiii, marc, de feodo duorum militum. 

Galfridus Salvagius xv. marc, de feodo dimidii militis. 

Episcopus Cestrensis xxx. marc, de Scutagio. 

Nicolas de Verdun ii. marc, de Scutagio. 

Henricus de Oilli viii.s. et x.d. et obolum de tertia parte feodi 
unius militis. 

Isti hdbent quietantiam per brevia. 
Comes Cestrise de octo feodis. 

Comes de Ferraris. Eadulphus de Sumeri. 
Nova OUata. 

Willielmus Euffus debet xx. marc, pro habenda Isabella filia 
Gilberti de Archis in uxorem, quse est de donatione Eegis. 

Willielmus de Burewardesla debet i. marc, pro habendo quodam 
prsecipe coram Justiciariis itiuerantibus de una hida terrse in Eslega, 
versus Warinum fratrem suum. 

Willielmus Griffin debet Ix. marc, et unum palefredum pro 
habeudo hundredo de Pirehulle per antiquam firmam et per cremen- 
tum dimid. marc, quolibet anno et pro habenda inde Carta Eegis de 



ROLL OF 5 JOHN (1202-1203). 117 

quibus debet reddere xx. marc, in termino Paschae anni sequentis et 
xx. marc, in termino Sancti Johannis Baptistse, et xx. marc, in 
Festo Sancti Michaelis ejusdem anni. 

Abbas de Burton xxx. marc, de dono. 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 5 John. 

De oblatis. Willelmus de Harecurt r,c. de L marc, pro habenda 
filia Tome Noel. In thesauro nichil. Et in perdonis ipsi Willelmo L 
marc, per breve Regis. 

De amerdamentis. Robertus Trussell r.c. de dimid. marc, pro 
dissaisina. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De amerdamentis per Simonem de Pateshull et socios suos. 

Rogerus Bagot debet dimid. marc. In th'ro xl.d. et debet xl.d. 
Ingerannus Bagot debet dimid. marc, pro filio suo replegiato. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 5 JOHN (MICHAELMAS, 1203). 

Geoffrey Fife Piers, Chief Justice of England, continues to hold 
the Shrievalties of Staffordshire and Shropshire for this and the 
following year. His Deputy in Staffordshire was Thomas de Erdin- 
ton, in Shropshire Richard de Ombersley. 

This Richard de Ombersley, though a Worcestershire man, was 
Tenant-in-capite of a Staffordshire estate, viz., Broom. Broom was 
at the date- of Domesday, an unnoticed appendage of the great 
Manor of Clent, and both were then in Worcestershire. In Henry 
I.'s time both seem to have been mised into Staffordshire. Broom 
at the accession of Henry II., was separated from Clent, in so far as 
that it had been demised in fee-farm to Maurice de Ombersley 
He it was who founded the Parish-Church of Broom, sometime re- 
puted to be a Chapelry of Clent. Richard de Ombersley was the 
son and heir of Maurice. The fee-farm rent payable on Broom 
having been long the subject of an annual'entry on the Staffordshire 
Pipe-Rolls, seemed to require thus much 'of explanation. In the 
year 1200 K. John bestowed the said rent on the Nuns of Brewood 
' v supra p. 97), and thenceforth it vanished from the Pipe-Rolls. 

The livery of an "Approver," from June 24th, 1202, to April 
L3th, 1203 (293 days), was twenty-six shillings, or little more than 
>ne penny per day. The ruffian's outfit and journeyings had cost 
en shillings. The other cost of criminal executions had been 
;3'17s. At this -period of history the number of persons who 
uffered death at a single Assize is frightful to contemplate. The 
iries at this year's Assizes found from ten to twelve verdicts of 
iurder, and left as many more suspicious cases to be tried by OrdeaL 



118 THE STAFFORDSHIRE- PIPE ROLLS. 

THE TALL AGE, assessed this year on the King's -Staffordshire 
Demesnes, was also assessed in Shropshire by the same Justices. A 
detailed account of the Levy is copied into the Shropshire Pipe- 
Koll, but the Staffordshire Schedule was lodged in the Treasury. 
In Shropshire the tax realised 32 9s., in Staffordshire 15 13s. 5d. 

The Justices who assessed this Tallage having Henry de North- 
ampton and Richard de Seing as their associates, held Assizes at 
Lichfield, at which all manner of causes, civil and criminal, were 
settled. Their Session at Lichfield lasted from Sunday, Sept. 21st 
till the 1st of October, for on the 3rd of October they commenced 
business at Shrewsbury. The Assize-Eoll which contains their 
Staffordshire- proceedings is extant, and will engage our future 
attention. Their circuit seems to have been that which in later 
times has been known as the ' Oxford Circuit,' only that they did 
not go to Monmouth. 

THE FOURTH SCUTAGE of King John was put in charge this year, 
at the rate of two merks per fee. Geoffrey Savage's assessmenj, viz., 
fifteen merks on half a fee, was inclusive of some fine in excuse of per- 
sonal service. The acquittances of the Earls of Chester and of Ferrars 
and of Ealph de Sumeri were in acknowledgment of personal service- 

NOVA OBLATA. William Eufus (of Walsall) marries a ward of 
the Crown Isabel de Archis. Her name associates itself with 
other counties than Staffordshire. 

Warin de Burwardsley was Tenant-in-capite of Ashley on Tern 
(Eslega). The Fine now before us tells us that he had a younger 
brother, William. (See Antiq. Shrop., II., pp. 8, 9, 12.) 

The Abbot of Burton's Donum was his contribution to the 
general taxation of the year. Having no military Fief he was not 
liable to Scutage. Holding nothing of the King's demesnes he 
could not be brought under Tallage of the usual type. Yet his 
donum was in the nature of Tallage, that is, of Taxation according 
to his means. Such contributions to the service of the State are 
usually scheduled on the Pipe-Bolls as Auxilium Preldtorum or 
Donum, Prelatorum, but as there was only one contributor in Staf- 
fordshire, the Abbot of Burton stands alone. When a Bishop is 
found on any such Schedule a Bishop having a military fief it* 
must be understood that he is there assessed only on his Spiritualities. 

WARWICKSHIRE AND LEICESTERSHIRE EOLL. The parties named 
in these excerpta will usually be found in other and nearly con- 
temporary documents. Ingeram Bagot's son, for whom he finds 
security, seems to have been named Simon (Collect., I., pp. 168, 180) 






ROLL OF 6 JOHN (1203-1204) 119 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 6 JOHN (1203-1204)! 

Galfridus filius Petri, Tomas de Erdinton pro eo r.c. de c. et 
xl.li. bl. .de firma de Staffordsciril. In th'ro* x.li. bl. Et in 
Elemosinis constitutis niilitibus de Templo i. marc. Et Canonicis 
de Trentham c.s. in Blorton et Cokenache. Et in liberatione con- 
stituta Canonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custodiam Domorum 
Eegis de Canoi. Et x. servieritibus peditibus ix.li. et ii.s. et vi.d. ad 
custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. Et in Terris datis Monachis 
de Bordesleia x.li. bl. in Terdebigga. Et Willielmo de Herovilla 
lx.s. bl. in Wodnesberia. Et Militibus de Templo xliii.s. et iiii.d. bl. 
in Kiel. Et in pastura quam Eex concessit Johanni Extraneo viils. 

et viii.d. Et in Vasto Forestae de Secchehulle ix.s. Et Matheo de 
Gamages vii.li. et x.s. in Wigentona de dimid. anno. Et eidem 
xl.s. in Tettenhale de eodem termino. Et eidern iiii.li. in Mera de " 
eodem termino. Et Huberto Cantuariensi Archiepiscopi xx.s. in 
praedict& [villa, de Tettenjhale de quarta parte anni ad abbatiam 

suam de Wulfurunehamtona per breve Eegis,' et amodo totum. 
Et Eadulpho de Sumeri xLs. in praedicta Villa de Mera de quarta 
parte anni per breve Eegis et amodo totnm. Et Episcopo Cestrensi 
x.li. pro Escambo de Canot et de Eugeleia. Et Henrico de Wale- 
ton xxx.s. itt Cestreton. Et Monialibus de Langeleia et de Pineslega 
et de Bliebire vi. marc, de Elemosina Eegis per breve Eegis. Et 
Monialibus de Faierwelle et Brewude et Hinewde vi. marc, per 
breve ejusdem. Et in reparatione Novi Castelli sub Lima xxxviili 
et per breve Eegis et per visum Eoberti de Brocton et ' Johannis 
filii Eoberti. Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis vii.li. et x.s. Et 
pro duabus Gaiolis reparandis apiid Stafford et Castellum Sub Lima 
Ixv.s. per prsedictum breve. Et pro ferramentis ad prisones in 
praedicto Castello vii.s. per idem breve. Et in liberatione cujusdam 
probatori^ xxv.s. et iiii.d. per ccc. et iiii. diea per idem breve. '-Et 
pro apparatu ejusdem viii.s. per idem breve. Et debet xx.li. et iii.s. 
et xi.d. bl. 

Idem Vicecomes xxv.li. et xii.s. bL de remanenti firma de 
anno prseterito. 

Et xx.li. et xvii.s. et xi.d. bl. de remanenti ejusdem firmae de 
anno quarto. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de firmia, de Eoleia\ Et de lx.s. 
de cuemento Novi Fori de Trentham. -Et de iii.s. de exitu 
Molendini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in iii. Talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Des Loges r.c. de x niarc. de Censu Forestse de Canot. E 



12Q ' THE STAFFOKDSHIRE PIPE* ROLLS. 

de c.s. et xvi.d. de pasnagio de anno prseterito. In th'ro lib. in ii. 
Talliis. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de dimid. marc, de firma Vivarii de 
Stafford. In th'ro. lib. E. Q. E. 

Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de ix.li. de firma' de Kenefara. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q.' E. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xix.li. et xviii.s. et.viii.d. pro causis quae 
annotantur in Kotulq tertio quae non redduntur propter causam quse 
annotatur in Eotulo tertio. 

Stephanus de Turneham debet v.s. de firma de Hulle, Sed 
quietus et per finem quse annotatur post Wirecestriam. Willielmus 
Bassett r.c. de vii. marc, et xl.d. de debitis Aaron. In th'ro iii. 
marc. Et debet iiii. marc, et xl.d. WiUielmus de Wudetona debet 
iii. marc N pro habendo brevi. Hugo de Chaucumba debet xllli. et 
xviiLs. et iij.d. bl. sicut continetur in Eotulo tertio. Adam Corde- 
wan debet dimid. marc. Herveius Bagot xlv.li de primo 
Scutagio. Eegis Johannis. Et L marc, pro Judseis sicut continetur 
in Eotulo secundo. 

Milites de Staffordscir^, debent xl. marc, et unum palefredum 
sicut cpntinetur in Eotulo secundo. 

Eicardus de Prestwude r.c. de iL marc, pro . habenda baillia sicut 
'continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. K Q. E. 

Hugo Des Loges ii. marc, pro Scriptis Eoberti sicut continetur 
ibidem. Tomas de "Verdun ii, marc, de secundo Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagfit xliiii.li. et xv.s. de eodem. 

Simon de Sibbeford debet xx.li. ut replegietur sicut continetur 
in Eotulo quarto. Thomas filius Eogeri debet x. marc, pro' habenda 
terra sicut continetur ibidem. Eogerus de Sumerville xx. ntarc. de 
fine Stephani sicut continetur ibidem. Willielmus de Brai r.c. de 
vii.li'. pro defectu. In th'ro xLs. et debet c.s. 

Amerdamenta per GalfridumJUium. Petri. 

Eobenus de .Wudicote r.c. de xx.s. pro disseisina. In th'ro i. 
marc. Et debet dimid. marc. Walterus de Whitefeld r.c. de xxx.s. 
pro eodem. In th'ro xx.s. Et debet x.s. Mathania de Coltuna 
r.c. de xl.d. pro eodem. In th'ro ii.s. et iiii.d. Et debet xiid.' 
Osbertus de Horselega debet v. marc, ut possit facere molendinum 
suum de Horslega. 

De Tertio Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot iiii. marc, de eodem de fine ne transfretet. 
Episcopus Cestrensis c.s. de eodem. Herveius Bagot lx.li. 
de Scutagio. Willielmus Euffus debet xx. marc, et unum palefre- 



ROLL or 6 JOHN (1203-120.4). 121 

. dum pro habendis in custodia vii. bovatis Terrse sicut continetur in 
Eotulo quarto. . 

De quarto Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot debet c..et xx. marc, pro eodem. Hugo Pantulf 
iiii. marc, de eodem. 

Galfridus Salvagius r.c. de xv. marc, de eodem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Episcopus Cestrise xxx. marc, de eodem. Nicolas de Verdun 
ii. marc, de eodem. Henricus de Oilli viii.s. et x.d. et 
obolum de eodem. 

De Ollvtis. 

Willielmus Ruffus r.c. de xx. marc, pro habenda Isabella sicut 
continetur in Rotulo preecedente. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus de Burewardesla debet i. marc, pro habendo quodam 
prsecipe sicut cbntinetur ibidem. 

Willielmus Griffin debet Ix. . marc, et unum palefredum pro 
habendo hundredo sicut cpntinetur ibidem. 

Abbas de Burtond r.c. de xx.li. de dono. In th'ro lib. E. Q.. E. 
Nova Oblata. 

Radulphus de Sumeri r.c. de. c. marc, pro habendis Maneriis 
de Mere et de Clent et de Swineford cum omnibus pertinentiis 
eorum in feodo et hereditate secundum tenorem cartse Regis quam 
inde habet. 

Johannes de Muttona debet dimid. marc, pro ponendis per va- 
dium Herveio Bagot et Milicenta uxore ejus quod sint coram Rege 
osterisuri quare ipsi intruserunt se in una hida terrse cum pertinen- 
tiis in Lutiwude unde placitum fuit intra ipsos et Nicholaum 
patrem ejus. 

Rogerus de Summerville r.c. de Ix. marc, et duobus palefredis pro 

(habendo Manerio. de Alrewas ad feodi-firmam per antiquam firmam 
et per c.s. de Cremento et faciendo inde Regis servitio quartse 
partis feodi unius Militis. In th'ro x. marc, pro palefredis. Et 
debet Ix. marc. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro xxvi.li. Et 
debet xiiii.li. 

Philippus de Wastineis r.c. de ii. marc, pro habendo Tecto versus 
Johannem filium Stephani de feodo unius militis in Acton. In 
th'ro i. marc. Et debet i. marc. 

Herveius Bagot debet xx. marc, et totum Scutagium suum de . 
. omnibus Militibus et feodo quod tenet de Rege in capite pro 
habenda quietantia de cc. marc, quos promisit pro passagio suo. 
Idem r.c. de e.Ii de Scutagio Militum suorum. In th'ro xl.li. 
Et debet lx.li. 



122 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

De Finibus et Scutagiis Militum He quinto Scutagio. 
Abbas de Burton xxx. marc, pro eodem. 'Hugo Des Loges 
v. marc, pro eodem. Henricus del Broc i. marc, pro eodem- 
Kogerus de Benetlega" i. marc:, pro eodem. Jordanus de Canot 
dimid. marc, pro eodem. Eicardus de Stretton i. marc, 
pro eodm. Philippus de Kenefara ii marc, pro eodem. 

From the Salop Pipe-Roll, 6 John. 

De primo scutagio. Tomas Noel r.c. de v. marc, et ii. palefridis 
pro filia sua sicut continetur ibidem [i.e. in Rotulo tertio] et de xv. 
marc, ut non teneatur placitum sicut continetur in Eotulo secundo 
in Warwicscira et Legrecestrescira. In th'ro v. marc, et debet xv. 
marc, et ii. palefridos. 

Nova Oblata. Cecilia de Hadleg debet Ix. marc", et i. palefridum 
pro habenda saisina de Manerio de Brumlega unde dissaisita fuit ' 
per Gr. filium Petri Justiciarium. Ita quod reddet inde iiii.li. per 
annum et faciet inde servitium x. partis feodi i. militis sicut con- 
tinetur in carta Eegis quam inde habet et pro maritanda se ubi 
voluerit et pro habenda custodia filii sui et maritagio ejusdem ita 
quod non disparagietur. Eadem debet iiii.li. de redditu manerii 
de Brumlega. 

From, the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 6 John. 

Nicolaus de, Verdun debet c. marc, et i. palefridum pro habendis. 
terris suis in Ybernia unde Bertramus pater suus saisitus fuit in 
dominico ut de feodo die quo obiit, et pro habendis terris quamdiu 
Eegi placuerit in custodia quse recognitae fuerunt Primato Arma- 
chan, ita quod Justiciarius non capiat firmani nee redditus in pre- 
dictis terris quamdiu eas habuit per baillrvam Regis. 

From the Lincolnshire Pipe-Roll, 6 John. 

De tertio scutagio. Bertramus de Verdun debet xx.s. de eodem. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-KOLL OF 6 JOHN (1203-1204). 

There are material changes this year in the bestowal of Crown 
lands. Fifteen Librates in Wigginton, four Librates in Tettenhall, 
and eight Librates in Meertown, have been withdrawn from Matthew 
de Gamages, he receiving only that moiety of each such sum as fell 
due to him at Easter, 1204. 

The Tettenhall estate, four Librates, had been given by King 
John to Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury, in furtherance of the 
Archbishop's intention to found an Abbey at Wolverhampton. The 
Meertown estate, eight Librates, had been given to Ealph de Sumeri 
(of Dudley). 






ROLL OF 6 JOHN (1203-1204). 123 

In this year an almoign, of two merks each, had been presented 
by King John to the six several Nunneries of Langley (Leicest.), 
Pinley and Hynewood (Warwickshire), Blythbury and Fairwell 
(Staffordshire), and Brewood (Shropshire). 

Page 119. The "Approver's " Livery, in this instance, was 
exactly one penny per day. 

Nova Oblata. 

Clent and Kingswinford were Manors of the Vetus Dominicum 
Coronce, Meertown was Vetus JSschaeta Coronce. On the reorganiza- 
tion of the Exchequer by Henry II., these three Manors were 
reputed to be contributive to the Firma Comitatifa. Their collective 
annual value that is, the sum which the Sheriff was to pay into 
the Exchequer, as having them in his Ferm, was 21 19s. 4d. 
Ralph de Sumeri now undertakes to pay this rent or ferm to the 
Sheriff, and to hold the Manors by the additional service of one 
knight's-fee returnable to the Crown, and by a further Crementum 
of 5, also payable to the Crown. 

Littywood was one of the members of De Stafford's great 
Manor of Bradley. 

Eoger de Somerville's Fine was strictly analogous to Ealph de 
Somery's. Alrewas, an estate of Vetus Eschaeta Coronce, bore, in the 
Firma Comitat'&s; an annual value of 10. The Sheriff would in- 
clude such a supposed receipt in his ferm of 140 blanch without 
naming Alrewas in any instance during the reign of Henry II. 
Eoger de Somervill, or whoever else might hold the Manor under 
the Sheriff, and perhaps pay a higher rent, would not appear in the 
Sheriff's accounts with the Exchequer, unless the King had ordered 
the Siheriff to " give him ten Librates of land in Alrewas." In that 
case the Sheriff's liability to the Exchequer would be less than 
.previously by 10, and he would claim it in terms both of the 
estate, the value, and the Grantee. 

Eoger de Somerville's Fine did not affect his former relations 
with the Sheriff. He must still, pay the old ferm of 10, and 
therewith a crementum of 5 per annum. Soon afterwards, Eoger 
de Somerville's Tenure was more nearly assimilated to that of 
Ealph de Someri. It became a fee-farm tenure under the Crown, 
and was saddled with the additional service of the fourth part of a 
knight's-fee. Such estates would come under the ordinary feudal 
rules as regarded wardships, reliefs, and marriages of heirs ; but I 
reckon that Alrewas was henceforth exempted from the King's 
Tallages. 



124 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Philip de 'Wasteneys' suit against John fitz Stephen was tried 
by Grand Assize, in 8 John (1206-7). (See Collections, Vol. L, p. 
1901.) It is there stated as a claim on two-thirds of a knight's- 
fee ; here as on a whole fee. Two -thirds of an ordinary fee were 
equivalent to a whole fee of Moretain. 

Harvey Bagot's Fine, seeing that his Fief consisted of 60 f.m. 
seems to have been an offer of (60 x 2 + 20=) 140 merks, in lieu of 
200 merks, which he had proffered, to escape foreign service. 
Definibus et Scutagiis Milituin.de quinto Scutagio. 

THE FIFTH SCUTAGE of King John was put in charge early in 
his sixth year. It was at the rate of 2 merks per fee. . 

The Schedule before us is without precedent as. a Scutage assess- 
ment. It is rather an arbitrary assessment on persons who were 
not liable to Scutage at all, such as the Abbot of Burton and the 
King's Tenants by Serjeantry. So far as the collections were in 
aid of war, the word " Scutage " might pass as intelligible. I 
imagine that the Staffordshire Barons, as well as their Fiefs, were 
exempted from this Levy.. 

SALOP PIPE-ROLLS. Fuller reference to Thomas Noel's Fine may 
be found in Antiquities of Shropshire' (Vol. ILL, 133) ; and to 
Cecilia de Hadley's (Vol. I., p. 88). 

WARWICKSHIRE AND* LEICESTERSHIRE EOLL. Nicholas deVerdon 
having succeeded to the Barony and estates of his elder brother, 
Thomas, fines for livery of his father, Bertram's, Irish estates, and 
for custody of certain estates which were at present in the King's 
hand, or rather in the hand of the Justice of Ireland the King's 
Bailiff, in the case. Some Judgment-at-law seems to have awarded 
these last estates to the Archbishop of Armagh, a sentence which 
De Verdon probably was intending to dispute. 

The Verdon estates in Ireland were considerable" Bertram, the 
Crusader of 1191-2, had at one time been Seneschal of Ireland. 

LINCOLNSHIRE EOLL. Bertram de Verdon's scutage-debt, con- 
tracted apparently in King John's "fourth year (1202), certified in 
the King's sixth year (1204), and paid, as it seems, in his eighth 
year (1206), can hardly be the result of clerical error. Here then 
was a Cadet of the House of Alton, a tenant in capite, holding 
some Lincolnshire estate by service of three-fourths of a knight's-fee. 

I am informed (by Colonel Wrottesley) that this Bertram was a 
younger son of the Bertram of Henry II.'s time, and that there is a 
' document in the Burton Chartulary 'showing Nicholas de Verdon 
to have given to " his brother, Bertram," land in Feld (Fauld). 






ROLL OF 7 JOHN (1204-1205). 125 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 7 JOHN (1204-1205). 

Tomas de Erdinton et Kobertus de Alta Eipa ut Custodes r.c 
de c. et xl.li. bl. de firma de Staflordscira. In th'ro xiiii.bl. et x.s. 
et ix.d. bl. 

Et in Elemosinis constitutis militibus de Templo i. marc. 'Et 
Canonicis de Trentham c.s. in Blortona et Cokenache. Et in libera- 
tione constitute, Canonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad custocfiam 
Dome-rum Eegis de Canot. Et x. servientibus peditibus ix.li. et 
ii.s. et vi.d. ad custodiam patrise pro rnalefactoribus. Et in Terris 
datis Monachis de Bordesleia x.li. bl. in Terdebigge. Et Willielmo 
de Heroville Ix.s. -bl. in Wodnesberia. Et Militibus de Templo 
xliii.s. et iiii.d. bl. in Kiel. Et in pastura quam Eex concessit 
Johanni Extraneo viiis. et viii.d. Et in Vasto Forestse de Secche- 
hulle ix.s. Et in Tettenhale Huberto Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo 
Ix.s. de tribus partibus anni. Et Episcopo Cestrensi x.li. pro 
escambio de Canot et de Eugeleia. Et Henrico de Waletona xxx.s. 
in Cestretona. Et Tomse de Erdinton xi.li. et v.s. in Wigintona de 
tribus partibus anni per breve Eegis et amodo totum. Et Huberto 
"Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo xxxiiLs. in Wulvrunehantona de quarta" 
parte anni praeteriti. Et eidem in eadem villa iiii.li. et xix.s. de 
tribus partibus anni. Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis Ixv.s. 
Et in quietantia quam Hubertus Archiepiscopus habuit de sectis 
hundredi et auxiliis Vicecomitis xxxv.s. hoc anno. Et in opera- 
tione Novi Castelli sub Lima Iiii.li. et vi.s. et ix.d. per breve Eegis 
et per visum Stephani de Stubbeleia" et Serlonis filii Johannis. Et 
' debet ix.li. et vi.s. et iii.d. bl. 

[Galfridus] Filius Petri xx.li. et iii.s. et xi.d. bl. de remanenti 
firma Comitatus de anno prseterito. 
. Et xx.li. et xvii.s. et xi.d. bl. de anno quarto. 

Et xxv.li. et xii.s. bL de anno quinto. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de firma' de Boleift. Et de Ix.s. 
de cremento jSTovi Fori de Trentham. Et de iii.s. de exitu Molen- 
dini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in iii. Talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Des Loges r.c. de x. marc, de Censu Forestse de Canot et 
de iiii.li. et v.s-. de pasnagio hoc anno. In th'ro lib. in ii. Talliis. E. Q. E. 
Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de diniid. marc, de firma Vivarii de 
Stafford. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Philippus de Kenefare r.c. de ix.li. de firma de Kenefare. Et de 
xlvi.s. et vi.d. de pasnagio hoc anno. In th'ro lib. in ii. Talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xix.li. et xviiis. et viiid. pro causis quae 






126 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

annotantur in Rotulo tertio quse non redduntur sicut continetur 
ibidem. 

Willielmus Basset r.c. de iiii. marc, et xl.d. de debitis Aaron. In 
th'ro iii. marc, et debet xvi.s. et viii.d. Hugo de Chaucumba debet 
xli.li. et xviiis. et iii.d. bl. sicut continetur in Eotulo tercio. Adam 
Cordewan debet dimid. mara sed respice in Wirecestrescira. 

Herveius Bagot xlv.li. de primo Scutagio Eegis Johannis. Et i. 
marc, pro Judseis sicut continetur in Rotulo secundo. Et xliiii.li. 
et xv.s. de secundo Scutagio. Et iiii. marc, de tertio Scutagio de 
.fine suo. Et lx.li. de Scutagio. Et c. et xx. marc, de quarto 
Scutagio. Et xx. marc, de fine de quinto Scutagio. Et lx.li. de 
Scutagio de eodem Scutagio sicut continetur in Rotulo praecedenti. 

Milites de Staffordscira debent xl. marc, et unum palefredum 
sicut continetur in Rotulo secundo de quibus Hugo de Neville debet 
respondere sicut Vicecomes dicit. Hugo Des Loges debet ii. marc de 
secundo Scutagio pro scriptis Jioberti (de Broc). Tomas de Verdun 
ii. marc, de secundo Scutagio. Tomas filius Rogeri r.c. de x. marci pro 
habenda terra sicut continetur in Rotulo quarto. In th'ro Ix.s. Et 
debet v. marc, et dimid. 

Rogerus de Summerville debet xx. marc.de fine Stephani sicut 
continetur ibidem. Willielmus de Brai r.c. de c.s. pro defectu. In 
th'ro Ix.s. Et debet lx.s. 

Amerciamenta per Galfridum filium Petri. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dimid. marc, de Roberto de Wudicote pro 
disseisina. Et de x.s. de Waltero de Whitefeld. Et de xii.d. 
de Mathania de Coltuna. In th'ro lib. in iii. Talliis. E. Q. E. 

[Osbertus] de Eslega debet v. marc, ut possit facere molendinum 
suum de Horslega, sed requirendus est in Wirecestriscira. 

Episcopus Cestrehsis r.c. de c.s. de tercio Scutagio. In th'ro lib. 
E. Q. E. 

Willielmus Ruffus debet xx. marc, et unum palefredum pro 
habenda custodia sicut continetur in Rotulo quarto. 

Hugo Pantulf iiii. marc, de quarto Scutagio. Episcopus 
Cestrensis xxx. marc, de eodem. Nicolas de Verdun ii. 
marc, de eodem. Henricus de Oilli r.c. de viii.s. et x.d. de eodem. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus de Burawardesle debet i. marc, pro habendo quodam 
praecipe. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Oblatis. 

Radulphus de Sumeri r.c. de c. marc, pro habendis maneriis sicut 
continetur in Rotulo praecedente. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



ROLL OF 7 JOHN (1204-1205). 127 

Johannes de Muttona r.c. de dimid. marc, proponendis per vadum 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eogerus de Summerville r.c. de xiiiUi. pro habendo manerio de 
Alrewas sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Philippus de Westineis r.c. de i. marc, pro habendo recto sicut 
continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eogerus de Summerville r.c. de l.s. de cremento de Alrewas de 
dimidio anno prseterito. Et de c.s. de hoc anno. In th'ro lib. in 
ii. Talliis. ' E. ,Q. E. 

De Quinto Scutagio. 

Abbas de Burton xxx marc, de 1 eodem. 

[Hugo Des Loges debet v. mate.] pro eodem. Henricus del Broc 
debet i. marc. Eogerus de Benetlega debet i. marc, pro ecdem. 
Jordanus de . Canot debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. Eicardus de 
Stretton [debet i. marc, pro] eodem. Philippus de Kenefare debet 
ii. marc, pro eodem. De quibus omnibus Hugo de Neville debet 
respondere sicut Vicecomes dicit. 

[Eadulphus] de Sumeri r.c. de c.s. de cremento Maneriorum, 
scilicet Swineford et Clent et Mere. In th'ro. lib. E. Q. E. 
Amerciamenta per Simonem de PatesJmlle et Willielmum 
de Cantelu. 

[Idem Vicecomes] r.c. de Ixii. et xvii.s. et iiii.d. de misericordiis 
hominum et Villarum quorum nomina et debita et causes debitorum 
annotantur in Eotulo quern prsedicti liberaverunt in thesauro. In 
thesauro nihil. [Et pro removenda] obsidione a castello de Hawurd' 
lxii.li. et xvii.s. et iiii.d. per breve Eegis et per visum Eogeri de 
Bidun et Alexandri filii Johannis. E. Q. E. 

[Willielmus filius Vicecomitis] r.c. de dimid. marc. In thesauro 
niljil. Et pro removenda praedicta obsidione iii.s. per breve [Eegis]. 
Et debet iii.s. et viii.d. 

Coinitatus Stafford r.c. de xxx. marc, de fine suo. In thesauro 
nihil. Et pro removendsi prsedict& obsidione xi.li. et ix.s. per prse- 
dictum breve. Et debet viii.li. et xi.s. 

Willielmus de Gnoweshale debet dimid. marc, pro plegio. Hugo 
de Huntendonsl debet dimid marc, quia retraxit se. Adam filius 
Baldwini debet dimid. marc, quia non est prosecutus. Decennia 
Ulfi de Bricho debet dimid. marc, pro fug& Willielmi. Eobertus 
Gallicus debet dimid. marc, pro vinovendito contra Assisam. Eobertus 
Canonicus debet dimid. marc, pro licentia concordandi. Eober- 
tus filius Bruningi debet dimid. marc, quia non habet (sic.) Alicia 
ie Becco debet dimid. marc, pro falso clamore. Eadulphus de 






128 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Wilitona debet dimid. marc, pro licentia concordandi. Hugo de 

Pakinfona debet dimid. marc, pro defalta. 

Tallagiafacta per Hugonem de Ohaucumba et Archidiaconum Stafford. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ix.li. et xvii.s. de Tallagio Burgi Novi 
Castelli. Et de ix.li. et xvi.s. de Tallagio Burgi de Stafford. Et de 
ix.li. et ix.s. et iiii.d. de Tallagio de Penchull cum Soca. Et de 
lxxviii.s. et viii.d. de Tallagio de Pencriz. Et de xliii.s. et viii.d. de 
Tallagio de Caaot et Eugeleia. Et de Ixiiis. et viii.d. de Tallagio 
de Kenefare. Et de xvii.s. de. Tallagio de Wulurunehanton. Et de 
xxii.s. et viii.d. de Tallagio de Tetehale. Et de vi.li. et iii.s. et iiii.d. 
de Amerciamentis ejusdem termini. Summa : xlvilli. et xi.s. et 
iiiLd. In th'ro xxx.li. Et debet xviLli. et xi.s. et iiii.d. 
De Placitis Curice. 

Bobertus filius Pagani r.c. de xx.s. pro habenda jurat^. In th'ro 
x.s. Et debet x.s. Bicardus de Stokes debet i marc, de eodem. 

Nova Oblata. 

Tomas de Erdinton r.c. de quatuor palefredis pro habendis 
litteris Eegis quibusdam Judaeis de quodam debito Scil. xxx.li. 
quas cepit in manum pro Herveio Bagot reddendas, ut Rex debitum 
illud ei condonet. In th'ro nihil. Et ipsi Regi in Camera sua 
xl. marc, pro quatuor palefredis. 

Cecilia de Strattona xx. marc, et unu'm equum pretii x. marcarum 
et unum osturcum Hiberniensem bonum pro 'sic quod habeat custo- 
diam terrse et heredis Eicardi de Stratton quondam viri sui ita 
qftod post obitum ipsius heredis redeat custodia illius terrae ad 
capitalem dominum. 
. Petrohilla de Etona x. marc, ne distringatur ad se maritandam. 

Willielmus filius Walteri xl.s. pro habendo recto de feodo dimiid. 
militis cum pertinentiis inBlieford versus Henricum filium Johannis. 

Abbas de Crokestona r.c. de dimid. marc, pro habendo quodam 
praecipe. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
De Finibus et Scutagiis Militum de Sexto Scutagio assisato ad ii. marc. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de c. et xx. marc, de Scutagio. In th'ro xl.li. 
Et debet xLli. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In thesaufo xx.s. per 
mahum Vicecomitis Lincollnise. Et debet xxxix.li 

Eadulphus de Summer i r.c. dec. marc, de Scutagio. In th'ro. 
Ixv.li. et xvi.s. Et debet xvii.s. et iiii.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Mem Radulphus xx. marc, de fine pro passagio. 

Eanulphus de Peretone r.c. de iii. marc, de fine. In thesauro 
liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Episcopus Cestrensis r.c. de xxx. marc, de Scutagio. 






KOLL OF 7 JOHN (1204-1205). 129 



Henricus de Oilli r.c. de viii.s. et x.d. de tertia parte unius feodi. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Comes Cestrise xii. marc, de Scutagio in hoc Comitatu. 
Isti liabent quietantiam per Irevia. 

Nicolas de Verdun. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ccc. et xxxvi.li. et xviii.s. et viii.d. de 
proficuo Comitatus de Staffordscira et de Salopeschira hoc anno. In 
thesauro nihil. Et. ipsi Eegi in Carnerst sua c. marc, per breve 
Eegis. Et Comiti Willielmo fratri Eegis . quarter xx. marc, de 
prestito per breve ejusdem. 'Et Ostrucio Clerico Leulini c.s. per 
breve ejusdem. Et in liberatione ix. Balistariorum de quibus 
quattuor fuerunt cum tribus equis et qtdnque cum binis equis li.li. 
per breve Eegis de c. et ii. diebus scilicet x.s. in die. Et Bernardo 
Urrico Balistario lxviii.s. de Ixviii. diebus per breve ejusdem. Et 
Petro balistario cum novem sociis suis xxiiii/li. et xvii.s. a duode- 
cimo die Augusti usque ad festum Sancti Michaelis per breve 
ejusdem. Et pro quattuor millia Scutellis et pro quingentis assis 
emptis et missis apud Tiokesberiam contra Natalem iiii. marc, et 
iii.d. et obolum. Et debet c. et xxx.li. 

From the Salop Pipe-Roll, 7 John. 

De Ollatis. Cecilia de Hadleg r.c. de Ix. marc, et i. palefrido pro 
saisina sicut continetur in Eotulo precedent!. In th'ro xviii.li. et 
in perdonis Baldwino .de Hodenet viro suo x. marc, per breve Eegis 
et debet xxiii. marc, et i. palefridum. 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 7 John. 

De oblatis. Nicolaus de Verdun i. dextrarium et i. palefri- 
dum pro habendis terris sicut continetur ibidem (i.e. in Rotulo 

'ecedenti}. 

Amicia uxor Aytropi Hasteng r.c. de i. palefredo pro habenda 
saisina c. solidatorum teme in Brailes quas Comes de Warewic ei 

misit in vado quas fuit de feodo ipsius Comitis et pro habendo 
vado illo usque ad terminum qui continetur in carta quam ipsa 
de predicto Cornite inde habet. In th'ro v. marc, pro palefredo et 
quieta est. 

De amerciamentis factis per Henricum Ai chidiaconum de Stafford et 
Hugonem de Chaucumb et socios suos. 

Eobertus de Standon debet i. marc, pro dissaisina. 

From the Notts, and Derby Pipe-Roll^ 7 John. 

Neva oblata. Henricus de Daneston r.c. de xx.s. ut boscus de 
Summershale partiatur inter ipsum et Aviciam de Albenni unde 
duae partes pertinent ad ipsam Aviciam et residuum ad ipsum Henri- 
K 






130 ' THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

cum et unde ipse Henricus queritur quod ipsa Avicia boscum ilium 
destruxit. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo de Acoure r.c. de xx.s. pro habenda loquela coram Eege 
inter ipsum et Willelmum de Mungumeri de tenemento de Snelles- 
ton. In th'ro lib. . Q. E. 

Willelmus de Canvill et Albreda uxor ejus debent i. marc, pro 
habendo brevi de recto de feodo dimidii militis cum pertinentiis in 
Childecote. 

De sexto scutagio de honore Peverelli. 

Et (r.c.) de iii. marc, de Willelmo filii Walkelini de Duston. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 7 JOHN (MICHAELMAS, 1205). 

At Michaelmas. 1204. Geoffrey Eitz Piers, Earl of Essex, retired 
from the Shrievalty of Salop and Staffordshire. Thereupon the two 
Counties were placed in the joint custody of Thomas de Erdinton 
and Eobert de Hauterive. King John's Writ making this appoint- 
ment is extant. It bears date at Dunstaple, 23rd October, 1204. 
It appoints Thomas de JErdinton and Eobert de Altaripa, Clerk, to 
be Bailiffs in Salop and Staffordshire. Later in this fiscal year, 
viz., on 28th August, 1205, a Writ Close of Bang John speaks of 
the Sheriff of Salop and Staffordshire (Thomas de Erdington is 
meant) as having paid into the King's Chamber 100 merks of the 
" profits of his Counties, by the hands of Eobert de Hauterive and 
Eobert de Sireford." 

It appears, then, that the titles of Gustos, or Bailiff, or Sheriff, 
were sometimes applied to one and the same person during a single 
year of office. 

Some changes of account are observable in the Firma Comitatus 
of the year before us. 

Archbishop Hubert being dead, and his design of founding an 
Abbey at Wolverhampton being abandoned, four Librates of land 
in Tettenhall reverted to the Crown at Midsummer, 1205, three- 
parts of the year's income having been first allowed to the Arch- 
bishop's estate. 

Fifteen Librates of Crown land in Wiginton had been given to 
Thomas de Erdinton himself, whereof three-parts of this year's 
revenue had been already allowed to him. 

Again, about Midsummer, 1204, six librates and twelve solidates 
of Crown-land in Wolverhampton had been given to Archbishop 
Hubert. A full year's revenue had been paid to his estate, when 
at Midsummer, 1205, the Grant was suspended. 



ROLL OF 7 JOHN (1204-1205). 131 

Further, the Sheriff sets against his own liabilities as Fermor of 
the County a sum of 'thirty-five shillings, his receipts having been 
so much diminished by the exemptions and releases accorded to 
the late Archbishop, whose lands had antecedently been tributory 
to the Firma Comitatus in the shape of Suit of Hundred Courts 
and Sheriffs' Aids. 

EOGER DE SOMERVILLE and EALPH BE SOMERY account dis- 
tinctively of the Crementa set upon the Crown estates which they 
had acquired. Nothing overt is said about the original fee-farm 
rents. They, as has been already explained, are buried in the 
Corpus Comitatus in the bulk of that sum of 140 blanch which 
. the Sheriff was supposed to receive, and which, whether he received 
it or not, he must pay in some form or other to the Crown. 

DE QUINTO SCUTAGIO. Hugh de Neville (he was Justice of 
the Forest) seems to have collected the dues arising under this 
abnormal scutage. Nearly all the persons surcharged were Forest 
Officers. 
Amerciamenta per Simonem de Pateshulle et Willelmum de Cantelu. 

The visit of these Justices to Staffordshire had resulted in the 

Sheriffs collecting fines and amerciameuts amounting to 62 17s. 4d. 

The whole of this revenue had been devoted by the Sheriff to the 

.work of raising the siege of (Ha warden ?) Castle, an affair of the 

, Border, which I do not find mentioned in contemporary Annals. 

William de Erdinton, the Sheriffs son, was chargeable with half 
a merk, in consequence of some process of the above Justiciars, and 
the whole County of Stafford negotiated a Fine of thirty merks 
with the same. Out of the receipts, a further sum of 11 12s. had 
been appropriated to the same military operation. 

But this Eyre of Simon de Patshull and William de Cantilupe 
in Staffordshire is memorable in another relation. The actual Eoll 
recording their proceedings is preserved. From that Eoll, and 
from other documents, we derive further information as to them 
and their progress; 

They were accompanied by two other Justices, viz., Henry de 
Northampton and Eichard de Seing. They sat at Lichfield on 
Sunday, September 21st, 1203 ; they purposed to be at Shrewsbury 
m Sunday, October 5th, at Hereford on Monday, October 13th, at 
Worcester on Monday, October 20th, and at Gloucester on Nov. 
!nd. In Staffordshire and Shropshire, their first business was to 
ssess a tallage on the King's Demesnes. The results, fully col- 
3cted and paid, appear on the Pipe-Eolls of each County in the 



132 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

5th of John ; that is, two Eolls, technically supposed to have been 
made up at Michaelmas, 1203, contain matter which must needs 
have pertained to the month of October, if not to a still later month. 

But, as regards the Assize-business, civil and criminal, of these 
Justiciars, no record is made thereof earlier than the Shropshire 
Pipe-Eoll of 6 John (Michaelmas, 1204). The Staffordshire Session 
is reported, as we now see, still a year later, viz., in the Pipe-Eoll 
of 7 John. 

It would be interesting to show how, in matters of detail, an 
Assize-Eoll and a Pipe-Eoll illustrate one another. The subject 
will recur when the Assize-Eoll in question shall come under 
Editorial notice in these Collections. Owing to the distance of 
time (two years) which elapsed between the actual session of the 
Justices at Lichfield and the completion of this Pipe-Eoll, only 
eleven arrears of Fines and amercements out of more than one 
hundred remained outstanding. 

The Fine of the County of Stafford (thirty merks) is mentioned 
in both Eecords, but the object of the Fine is told in neither. 

TALLAGE BY HUGH DE CHAUCUMBE, &c. It should be observed 
that Kingswinford, Clent, Meertown, and Alrewas, previously 
Manors of the King's Demesne, and, while so, recurrently liable to 
tallage, are now withdrawn from the Schedule. They were now 
held by subjects in fee and inheritance, and by military service. 
I am not sure whether, when the King talliated his own demesnes, 
'the Lords of these Manors had not a right to talliate their 
dependents. 

Nova Oblata. 

Thomas de Erdinton had undertaken to pay one of Hervey 
Bagot's Jew-debts, amounting to 30. Erdinton, thus becoming 
liable to the Jews, knew that the King, by a stroke of his pen, 
could cancel the liability. o instead of Erdinton's paying and the 
Jews receiving 30, the Jews took nothing, and Erdington paid the 
King 26 13s. 4d. for this exercise of the Eoyal prerogative. 

Cecilia de Stratton Fines for custody of the son and heir of her 
late husband, Eichard de Stratton. Though this family held 
generally under the Barons Stafford, it would almost seem that 
they held something in capite of the Crown. 

Henry Fitz John de Blithfield, tenant of that estate, held it 
under the Barons de Munchensi. (See Domesday of Staff, p. 85.) 

Croxden Abbey had been founded by Bertram de Verdon, the 
Crusader, and was now (1205) under tutelage of his widow, Eoisia. 



EOLL OF 7 JOHN (1204-1205). L'53 



(THE SIXTH SCUTAGE of King John, now put in charge, was at 
;he rate of two merks per fee. Hervey Bagot pays part of his 
assessment to the Sheriff of Lincolnshire. Ealph de Somery, in 
addition to his scutage of 100 merks, fines twenty merks to be 
excused crossing the sea. 

PROFICUUM COMMITATUUM DE STAFFORDSCIRA ET DE SALOPE- 
SCHIKA. We have frequently seen in former Rolls how a manor or 
estate, within the Sheriffs ferm, being improved by a mill or market 
or other adventitious benefit, was subjected forthwith to a cremen- 
tum ; that is, the Sheriff whose receipts were so far bettered, was 
surcharged with a proportionate acknowledgment at the King's 
Exchequer. His nominal ferm (140 Uanche for Staffordshire) 
remained intact. He was charged for crementa in so many appendices. 

Now, however, in the 7th year of John, a crementum of whole 
counties was instituted. It was called a prqftcuum, supposably 
because it taxed the enormous gains of the Sheriffs. 

At this period the Uanche-ferm of Staffordshire (140) was equal 
to 147 7s. 4d. of current coinage, and the Ferm of Shropshire was 
265 15s. of such coinage. The two tggether made a ferm of 
413 2s. 4d. per annum. To this ferm was now added a prqficuum 
of 336 18s. 8d., which ran the joint ferm of the two counties up to 
a little over 750 per annum. 

The outlay which. Thomas de Erdinton alleged in balance of this 
new liability of 336 18s. 8d., included 100 merks (66 13s. 4d.) 
paid into the King's Camera ; twenty merks (13 6s. 8d.) paid by 
way of loan or prccstitum to William, the King's brother (William 
Lciigespee) ; and 5 paid to Ostrucius, the Clerk (or Chancellor) of 
ewellyn ; also various liveries paid to the three-horse and two- 
horse Balistarii of King John ; also purchases of 4,000 plates and 
500 trenchers, sent to Tewkesbury against Christmas. (King John 
kept Christmas at Tewkesbury in 1204.) The Sheriff still owed 
130 of his prqficuum. 

(For some account of King John's Balisters, see Antiquities of 

ropshire, I., 266.) 

The " assse " sent to Tewkesbury for festal purposes I venture 

translate " trenchers." The term " assse " is, however, used for 

y wooden tables or tablets. I am told (by Colonel Wrottesley) 
that Staffordshire was famous for its growth of the sycamore, a tree 
better adapted than any for the manufacture of such household imple- 
nents. Elsewhere (Staffordshire Domesday, p. 87) I have ventured 
o suggest that the Alnetum of that Eecord " consisted of alder or 



134 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

of willow trees, grown for some special purpose of agricultural or 
domestic utility." The conjecture should doubtless have included 
the sycamore tree. 

SHROPSHIRE EOLL. Cecilia de Hadley, widow of Thomas Corbet, 
of Hadley and Bromley in her right, had remarried with Baldwin 
de Hodnet. 

WARWICKSHIRE ROLL. Nicholas de Verdon's Fine is somewhat 
different in terms from that recorded in the Roll of 6 John. 

Waleran de Newburgh, Earl of Warwick, who had mortgaged 
the Brailes estate to Amicia Hasting, was recently deceased. 

NOTTS. AND DERBY ROLL. Henry de Denston was of Denston, 
Staffordshire. Hugh de Acoure was of Okeover, Staffordshire. 

William de Camvill was of Arrow, Warwickshire, and of 
Clifton-Camville, Staffordshire. His wife, Albreda, was daughter 
and heir of Geoffrey Maranion. Chilcote, though in Derbyshire, 
was in the Parish of Clifton-Camville. 

William de Duston and his mother, presumed to have been a 
sister of Thomas Noel, of Ranton, have been mentioned in a former 
note (Supra, pp. 40, 41). It now appears that the father of William 
de Duston was named Walcheline. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 8 JOHN (1205-1206). 

Idem (Tomas de Erdinton lit custos). r.c. de c. et xLli. bl. de 
firma de Staffordscira. In thesauro nihil. Et in Elemosinis con- 
stitutis militibus de Templo i. marc. Et eisdem xliii.s. et iiii.d. 
bl. in Kiel. Et Canonicis de Trentham c.s. in Blortona et Cokenache. 
Et in liberatione c'onstituta Canonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad 
custodiam Domorum Regis de Canot. Et x. servientibus peditibus 
ix.li. et ii.s. et vi.d. ad custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. Et in 
Terris datis monachis de Bordesleia x.li. bl. in Terdebigge. Et 
Willielmo de Herovilla Ix.s. in Wodnesberia. Et in pastura quam 
Rex concessit Johanni Extraneo viii.s. et viii.d. Et in Wasto 
Forestae de Secchehulle ix.s. Et Episcopo Cestrensi x.li. pro Escambip 
de Canot et de Rugeleia.' Et Henrico de Waletona xxx.s. in 
Cestretona. Et Tomse de Erdintona xv.li. in Wigintona. Et pro 
Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis xlii.s. Et in liberatione cujusdam 
Probatoris xxx.s. et v.d. per unum annum. Et in Emendatione 
Gaiolarum et pro Ferramentis lx.s. per breve Regis. Et debet 
xxxiii.li. et vi.s. et ii.d. bl. 

Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q, E. 



ROLL OF 8 JOHN (1205-1206). 135 

Galfridus filius Petri Ixvi.li. et xiii.s. et x.d. bl. de remanenti 
firma de pluribus annis sicut continetur in Eotulo prsecedenti. Et 

.11. et vi.s. et iii.d. bl. de anno praeterito. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de firma de Eoleil Et de lx.s. 
de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de iii.s. de exitu Molen- 
dini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Des Loges r.c. de x. marc, de Censu Forestae de Canot. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de dimid marc, de firma Vivarii de 
Stafford. In th'ro lib. E.. Q. E. 

Philippus de.Kenefare r.c. de ix.li. de firma de Kenefare. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus Basset r.c. de xvi.s. et viii.d. de debitis Aaron. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Herveius Bagot debet ccc. et vii.li. et xx.d. de pluribus Scutagiis 
sicut continetur in Eotulo prsecedenti. Milites de Staffordscira 
debent xl. marc, et unum palefredum sicut continetur in Eotulo 
secundo de quibus Hugo de Nevilla debet respondere sicut Vice- 
comes dicit. Hugo Des Loges r.c. de ii. marc, pro scriptis Eoberti. 
In th'ro ix.s. Et debet xvii.s. et viii.d. 

Tornas de Verdun r.c. de ii. marc, de secundo Scutagio. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

ITomas filius Eogeri r.c. de v. marc, et dimid. pro habenda terra. 
In th'ro v. marc, et debet dimid. marc. 
Eogerus de Somerville r.c. de xx. marc de fine Stephani sicut con- 
tinetur in Eotulo quarto. In th'ro xiiii. marc. Et debet vi. marc. 
Willielmus de Brai r.c. de xl.s. pro defectu. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
Hugo Pantulf r.c. de iiii. marc, de quarto Scutagio. In th'ro lib. 
E. Q. E. 

Episcopus Cestrensis debet xxx. marc, de eodem. Sed postea 
habuit quietanciam per breve Eegis. 

Nicolas de Verdun ii. marc, de eodem. 

De Quint o Scutagio. 

Abbas de Burton debet xxx. marc, de eodem. 
Hugo Des Loges et ceteri qui annotantur in Eotulo prsecedenti 
debent x. marc et dimid. de quibus Hugo de Neville debet 
respondere sicut Vicecomes dicit quia sunt forestarii. 

Willelmus filius Sirich r.c. de iii.s. et viii.d. In th'ro lib. 
E. Q. E. 

Comitatus Stafford r.c. de viii.li. et -xi.s. de fine. In thesauro c. 
et xiiii.s. et vi.d. Et debet lvi.s. et vi.d. 



136 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dimid. marc, de Eoberto filio Bruningi. 
Et de dimid. marc, de Alicia de Becco. Et de dimid. marc, de 
Radulpho de Wiltona. Et de dimid. marc, de Hugoue de Pakin- 
tona. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Robertus Gallicus r.c. de dimid. 
marc, pro vino vendito contra Ass"izam. In th'ro xl.d. Et debet 
xl.d. Idem Vicecomes xvii.li. et xi.s. et iiii.d. de Tallagio sicut 
continetur in Rotulo precedent!. 

Robertus filius Pagani r.c. de x.s. pro habenda jurata. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Ricardus de Stokes r.c. de i. marc, pro eodem. In th'ro dimid. 
marc. Et debet dimid. marc. 

De OUatis. 

Cecilia de Strattona r.c. de xx. marc, et uno eqiio pretii x. 
marcarum et uno osturco Hiberniensi bono pro habenda custodia 
tense sicut continetur in Rotulo prsecedenti. In th'ro xx. marc. 
Et debet unum equum et unum osturcum. 

Petronilla de Eatona r.c. de x. marc, ne distringatur ad se mari 
tandam. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus filius Walteri debet xl.s. pro habendo recto sicut 
continetur in Rotulo praecedenti. 

De Sexto Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot xxxix.li. 

Radulphus de Sumeri r.c. de xx. marc, de tine. In thesauro x. 
marc. Et debet x. marc. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. 
E. Q. E. 

Episcopus Cestrensis r.c. de xxx. marc, de Scutagio. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Comes Cestriae debet xii. marc, de Scutagio in hoc comitatu. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de c. et xxx.li. de proficuo comitatuum de 
Staffordsira et de Salopesira de anno praaterito. Et de cccc. rnarc. 
de hoc anno. In thesauro quater xx. et iiii.li. et xii.s. et iii.d. Et 
debet ccc. et xii.li. et xiii.d. De quibus xxiv.li. et iiii.s. sunt. super 
Robertum de Alta Ripa quos recognovit se recipisse. 

Idem Vicecomes 'r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro nihil. Et in suo 
superplusagio quod habet post Salopesciram Iviii.li. et ii.s. et iii d. 
Et debet cc. et Iiii.li. et xviii.s. et x.d. de quibus xxxiiii.li. et iiii.s. 
sunt super prsedictum Robertum. 

Rogerus de Summerville r.c. de c.s. de Cremento de Alrewas. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Radulphus de Sumeri r.c. de c.s. de Cremento de Swineford et 
Clent et Mere. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



IWLL OF' 8 JOHN (1205-1206). 137 

Amerriame-izta per Willielmum de Albenui et socios sitos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xiiii.li. et viii.s. et iiii.d. de misericonliis 
hominum quorum nomina annotantur in Eotulo quern preedicti 
liberaverunt in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in xxiiii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Henricus films Evse r.c. de xv. marc, pro vino vendito contra 
assisam. In th'ro v. marc. Et debet x. marc. 

Gerardus Canouicus debet ii. marc, pro disseisina. Henricus 
Vinitor debet xl. marc, pro vino vendito contra assisam. Robertus 
le Macun debet iii. marc, pro eodem. 

Tallagium factum per prcedictos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xi.li. de Villa de Stafford. Et de vii. 
marc, de Villa Novi Castri. Et de c.s. de Eoberto filio Wulvivae. 
Et de xl.s. de Canot et de Rugeleia. Et de xl.s de Pencriz. Et de 
vii.li. de Pencull. Et de xxxiii.s. de Wulvrunehantona. Et de xl.s. 
de Bruinleia. Et de lx.s. de Kenefare. In th'ro lib. in viii. 
Talliis. E. Q. E. 

Nova Oblata. 

Oliverus Meverell debet dimid. marc, pro licentia concordandi. 

Hugo de Acoura debet x. marc, per sic quod liberi homines 
eligantur ad faciendam recognitionem inter prnedictum Hugoiiem et 
Keginaldum Purcel (sic) et Margaret uxoreni ejus de ii. carrucatis 
terree in Swelvestona (sic). 

Inganus Prior de Lappeleia r.c. de iii. palefredis pro habendo 
prioratu de Lappeleia. In th'ro x. marc, pro ii. palefredis. Et debet 
i. palefredum. 

De Finibus Militum et Septimo Scutagio assisato ad xx.s. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xii. marc, de Herveio Bagot de fine. Et 
de xxx.li. de Scutagio ejusdein. Et de xx.s. de Kanulpho de Pour- 
tona. Et de xx.s. de Warino de Burewardesle. In th'ro lib. in iiii. 
talliis. E. Q. E. 

Tomas Noel r.c.' de iiii. marc, de fine. In th'ro xx.s. Et debet 
ii. marc, et dimid. 

Episcopus Cestrensis r.c. de xv.li. de Scutagio. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
Isti habznt {[uietantiam per brevia. 

Comes Cestrensis, Henricus de Oilli, Willielmus tilius Alani, 
Hugo Pcintulf, Nicolas de Verdun, Eanulphus de Sumeri, Comes de 
Ferrariis. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de cc. et Ix.li. et i. marc: de proficuis de 
Staffordscira et Salopescira de hoc anno. 

From the Lincolnshire Pipe-Roll, 8 John. 
Bertramus de Verdun r.c. de xx.s. de eodem (i.e. de tertio scutagio.) 



138 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

In th'ro liberavit et quietus est. Isti habent quietantiam per breve 
(inter alios) Nicolaus de Verdun. 

From the Worcestershire Pipe-Roll, 8 John. 

Nova. Oblata. Idem Viceeomes r.c. de x.s. de Bernardo de Frankele 
et de x.s. de Gervasio de Bernak pro li'centia concordandi. In th'ro 
lib. in ii. talliis et quietus est. 

From the Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire Pipe-Roll, 8 John. 

Nova Oblata. Eoheis de Verdun r.c. de iii. marc, pro convincendis, 
per xx.iiii., xii. juratoribus qui falso juraverunt in recognitione de 
morte antecessoris de vii. virgatis terrae cum pertinentiis in Wilia 
quae ipsa Eoheisia araniavit versus Hugonem de Saleford. In th'ro 
lib. et quieta est. 

From the Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire Pipe-Boll, 8 John. 

Nova Oblata. "Willielmus de Canvill et Albreda uxor ejus debent 
i. marc, pro habendo brevi sicut continetur ibidem, (i.e. in Rotido 
precedenti.) 

Hugo de Acoure debet iii. marc, 'pro habenda recognitione de 
morte antecessoris de L caracata terrae et dimid. cum pertinentiis 
in Fullestona (sic) versus Eogerum Putulf (sic) et Margaretam 
uxorem ejus ; et Eobertus de Toke debet dimid. marc, pro habendo 
recordo suo de assisa novae disseisinae quae capta fuit inter ipsum et 
Willelmum de Toke de vii. bovatis terrae cum pertinentiis in Kelun. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 8 JOHN (MICHAELMAS, 1206). 

Thomas de Erdinton, at Michaelmas, 1205, took sole custody of 
the two Counties of Salop and Staffordshire. His accounts for this, 
his first year of sole office, follow each other on the Eoll. He 
retained the said custody over ten years, viz., till Easter, 1216. 

PROFICUUM COMITATUUM. In this year the Proficuum of the two 
Counties was lowered from 336 8s. 8d. to 266 13s. 4d. (or 400 
merks). Tomas de Erdinton owing 312 Is. Id. as balance of the 
two years' proficua, explains that 24 ' 4s. thereof were due from 
Eobert de Hauterive, his late colleague, who had collected the same 
in the course of business. In further reduction of his own proper 
debt, Erdinton alleges an advance of 58 2s. 3d. made out of his 
own pocket to balance his Shropshire account. However, on turn- 
ing to the Shropshire Eoll, we find tha't his advances had been 
hardly so much. They seem to have been 55 Is. 3d. 
Iter of William de Albini and his Colleagues. 

The memoranda of County Assizes which we have seen to occur 
through a long series of Pipe-Eolls, show something of the constant 



ROLL OF 8 JOHN (1205-1206). 139 

relations between the Sheriff, the Justices in Eyre, and the Offices 
of the Treasury and the Exchequer. 

The Fines and Amercements were divided into two classes by the 
Justices themselves. Those of lesser value, averaging, say, a merk 
or a pound each, were scheduled. One copy of the Schedule was 
handed to the Sheriff for the purpose of collecting the items ; 
another copy was lodged by the Justiciars in the King's Treasury, 
where it furnished the Officers with a cheque or test of the Sheriffs 
accuracy in collection. The collection completed, the Sheriff trans- 
mitted the results to the Exchequer, stating the gross number of 
contributors and the gross sum of contributions. This statement, 
having been verified by, or compared with, the document in the 
Treasury, was engrossed on the Pipe-Roll, but no names, no items 
of payments, no causes of amercement, were added.. I think these 
Amercements were technically known as Amerciamenta per sum- 
monicionem. 

The greater Fines and Amercements (ranging from two to forty 
merks in the Assize-Eoll before us) were also scheduled by the 
Justices, and the Schedule, specifying every particular of offence, 
offender, and penalty, was handed to the Sheriff for execution. He, 
in due course, handed the same into the Exchequer, with his own 
notes as to full or partial collection, and the whole were engrossed 
on the Pipe-Roll. These Amercements were called, I think, Amer- 
ciamenta per Eotulum, I suppose because, constituting a necessarily 
recurrent account, they must needs be enrolled for future reference. 

A TALLAGE, assessed by the same Justices, was a usual business 
of Assize. This Tallage may. be taken as a correlative of the seventh 
scutage of King John. 

Robert, son of Wulviva, assessed at 5, will have represented 
some Crown estate, of which he was perhaps Bailiff. 

Bromley-Regis, held in capite by Cecilia de Hadley,was talliated 
in the present instance perhaps because at the period of assessment 
her estates were in manu Eegis. 

Nova Oblata. 

In Hugh de Okeover's Fine, for " Reginaldum Purcel " we should 
read " Rogerum Putrell," and for " Swelvesto'na," we should read 
" Snellestcna." (Vide p. 137.) Snelston was in Derbyshire, in the 
parish of Norbury. 

Lapley Priory, being a dependency of a French Abbey (St. 
Remigius' at Rheims), was probably at this time, when King John 
was at war with France, seized by the Crown. The Priorate would 



140 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

then be in the King's gift. It does not follow that there had been 
any vacancy. Possibly Prior Ingan only fined for reseizin. 

THE SEVENTH SCUTAGE OF KING JOHN was put in charge this 
year at the rate of 1 per fee. There were two Fines to avoid per- 
sonal service. The assessments of Warm de Burwardsley and 
Eanulf de Perton though intelligible were unusual and extortionate. 

The number of Barons exempted, obviously on the ground of 
actual service, was remarkable. 

The entry purporting to resume Thomas de Erdinton's account of 
the Proficuum Comitatuum is abruptly broken off. The figures given 
(260 13s. 4d.) tally with no previous item of reckoning. Probably 
the entry was found coevally to be superfluous and erroneous. 

BUCKS AND BEDFORDSHIRE EOLL. Boheis de Verdun, the 
Crusader's widow, seeks, to put a Jury, which had sworn falsely at 
a trial wherein she had been Plaintiff, on its trial. A panel of 
twenty-four Jurors was necessary to the process. Should they con- 
vict the twelve, the sentence founded on a false verdict would be 
reversed, and each of the " twelve " would be amerced. (See 
Antiquities of Shropshire, XII., 175, 196.) 

NOTTS. AND DERBYSHIRE EOLL. William de Camvill and Al- 
breda, his wife, occur above (p. 23, 130, 134). 

In Hugh de Okeover's Fine, for " in Fullestona," we should 
read " in Snellestona ;" and for " Eogerum Putulf," we should read 
" Eogerum Putrell." (See Placita Coram Eege, Easter Term, 7 and 
8 John, No. 29.) 



MAG. EOT. PIP., 9 JOHN (1206-1207). 

Tomas de-Erdinton ut custos r.c. de c. et xl.li. bl. de firma de 
Staffordscira. In th'ro xxxiii.li. et ix.s. bl. Et in Elemosinis con- 
stitutis Militibus de Templo i. marc, et eisdem xliii.s. et iiii.d. bl. 
in Kiel. Et Canonicis de Trentham c.s. in Blortona et Cokenache. 
Et jn liberatione constituta Canonicis de Lantoni vi.s. et viii.d. ad 
custodiam Domorum Eegis de Canot. Et x. servientibus peditibus 
ix.li. et ii.s. et vi.d. ad custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. Et in 
Terris datis Monachis de Bordesleia x.LL bl. in Terdebigga. Et 
Willielmo de Heroville lx.s. in Wodnesberia. Et in pastura quam 
Eex concessit Johanni Extraneo viii.s.et viii.d. Et in Wasto 
Forestas de S.ecchehulle ix.s. Et Episcopo Cestrensi x.li. pro es- 
cambio de Canot et de Eugeleia. Et Henrico de Waletona xxx.s. 
in Cestretona. Et Tomae de Erdintona xv.li. in Wigintona. Et 



ROLL OF 9 JOHN (1206-1207) 141 

debet li.li. et iii.s. LI. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro nihil. 
Et in liberatione unius Probatoris xxx.s. et v.d. de anno integro. Et 
in emendatione unius Gaioloe xx.s., et pro Judiciis faciendis viii.s. 
Et debet xlviii.li. et ii.s. et viii.d. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. 
En th'ro xii.s. et viii.d. bl. Et debet xlviLli. et x.s. bl. Idem r.c 
de eoclem debito. In th'ro nihil. Et in operatione Novi Castelli 
sub Lima xl.li. per breve Eegis et per visum Willielmi filii Ad'te et 
Stephani de Stubbele. Et debet ix.li. et x.s. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem 
debito. In th'ro nihil. Et Willielmo de Gamages vii.li. in Tetten- 
hale de tribus partibus anni prseteriti et de hoc anno. Et Hugoni 
Hose l.s. in Pencriz de quarta parte anni per breve Eegis. Et 
debet ix.s. et vi.d. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Galfridus films Petri Ixvi.li. et xiii.s. et x.d. bl. de pluribus annis 
sicut continetur in Eotulo septimo. Idem Vicecomes r.c, de ix.li. 
et vi.s. et iii.d. bl. de remanenti firma de anno septimo. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de firma de Eoeleia. Et de Ix.s. 
'de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Eb de iii.s. de exitu Molen- 
dini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Des Loges r.c. de. x. marc, de Censu Forestse de Canot. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de dimid. marc, de Firma Vivarii 
de Stafford. In th'ro lib. E. Q, E. 

Philippus de Kenefare r.c. de ix.li. de firma Forestfe de Kenefare. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de ccc. et vii.li. et xx.d. de. pluribus Scutagiis 
sicut continetur in Eotulo septimo. In th'ro iiii. marc, pro tertio 
Scutagio. Et debet ccc. et iiii.li. et viii.s. et iiii.d. Hugo Des Loges 
r.c. de xvii.s. et viii.d pro scriptis Eoberti. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Milites de Staffordscira debent xl. marc, et unum palefredum 
sicut continetur in Eotulo secundo de quibus Hugo de Neville 
debet respondere sicut Vicecomes dicit. Hugo Des Loges et ceteri 
qui annotantur in Eotulo septimo debent x. marc, et dimidt de 
quibus idem Hugo de Neville debet respondere sicut continetur 
ibidem. Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dimid. marc, de Tom a filio Eogeri. 
Et de vi. marc, de Eogero de Summerville. Et de ii. marc, de Nicolao 
de Verdun. In th'ro lib. in iii. talliis. E. Q. E. 
De Quinto ScUtagio. 

Abbas de Burton r.c. de xx.li.de eodem. In th'ro ix.li. et ix.s 
et i.d. Et debet x.li. et x.s. et xi.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



142 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE KOLLS. 

Comitatus Stafford r.c. de lvi.s. et vi.d. de fine. In th'ro xiii.s. et 
debet xliils. et vi.d. Idem r.c. de eodeni debito. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Eobertus Gallicus r.c. de xl.d. pro vino vendito contra assisam. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Eicardus de Stokes r.c. de dimidia marca 
pro habenda jurata. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Willielmus filius 
Walter! debet xl.s. pro habendo recto sicut continetur in Eotulo 
septimo. Idem Vicecomes xvii.ll et xi.s. et iiii.d. de 

Tallagio sicut continetur ibidem. Comes Cestrensis debet xii. 
marc, de sexto Scutagio. Herveius Bagot debet xxxix.li. de 
eodem. Cecilia de Strattona unum equum de x. marc, et 
unum osturcum pro habenda custodia sicut continetur in Eotulo 
septimo. 

Eogerus de Sumerville r.c. de c.s. de cremento de ALrewas. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eadulphus de Sumeri r.c. de c.s. de cremento de Swineford et 
Clent et Mere. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de cc. et xxix.li. et xiiii.s. et x.d. de re- 
manenti de proficuo comitatuum de Staffordscira et Salopescira de 
anno septimo et de anno prseterito. In th'ro nihil. Et in suo 
super plusagio quod habet' supra post Salopesciram xl.li. et xvii.s. 
et viii.d. Et in liberatione Petri Balistarii cum tribus equis et 
ix. aliorum cuj usque cum binis equis a Festo Sancti Michaelis 
usque ad Festum Sancti Germani Episcopi de anno octavo c. et 
xx.li. et xix.s. per breve Eegis, scilicet in die x.s. et iii:d. Et debet 
lxvii.li. et xviii.s. et ii.d. de quibus xiiii.li. sunt super Erleia de uno 
anno quse fuit TomaB de Burgo de quibus compotus debet reddi per 
se quia non debet poni in summa proficui. Et debet liii.li. et 
xviii.s. et ii.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro xiii.li. et 
xviiis.s. et ii.d. Et debet xl.li. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In 
th'ro nihiL Et ipsi Vicecomiti xl. marc, ad custodiam Castrorum 
Eegis in his Comitatibus. Et debet xx. marc. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de cc.li. de proficuo hujus anni de Staff ord- 
scira et Salopescira hoc anno. In th'ro c. et xx.li. Et pro xl. 
bobus et xx. vaccis quse data fuerunt Vicecomiti et quse re- 
manent ad instaurandas terras xx.li. scilicet dimid. marc, pro quo- 
libet Bove vel vacca de quibus xl. boves sunt apud Werefeld ad 
instaurandas v. carrucas et de quibus xx. vaccse sunt ibidem. Et 
pro cccc. ovibus et xx. ovibus emptis et positis ibidem xx.li. Et 
debet quater xx.li. 



ROLL OF 9 JOHN (1206-1207). 143 

Eobertus de Alta Eipa xxiiii.li. et iiii.s. de proticuo de anno 
septimo. 

Hugo Des Loges r.c. de iii.s. de pasnagio Forestae de Canot hoc 
anno. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Henricus films Evas r.c. de x. marc, pro vino vendito contra 
assisam. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Henricus Vinitor debet xl. marc, 
pro eodem. Eobertus le Macun r.c. de iii..marc. pro eodem. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxi.li. de firma de Erleia quae fuit Tom.se 
de Burgo de anno et dimidio. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Ollatis. 

Oliverus Meverel r.c. de dimid. marc, pro licentia concordandi. 
In th'ro lib. 'E. Q. E. 

Hugo de Acoure r.c. de x. marc, per sic quod liberi homines sicut 
continetur in Eotulo praecedenti. In thro lib. E. Q. E. 

Inganus Prior de Lappeleia r.c. de uno palefredo pro prioratu, 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro v. marc, pro palefredo. E. Q. E. 

Tomas Noel r.c. de ii. marc, et dimid. de septimo Scutagio. In 
th'ro xvi.s. et viii.d. et debet xvi.s. et viii.d. 

Henricus Archidiaconus Stafford r.c. de 1. marc, et duobus pale- 
fredis pro habenda custodia terra? et heYedis Oliveri filii Nigelli 
sicut continetur in Essex qui requirebatur ibidem. In th'ro xx.li. 
Et debet xx. marc, et ii. palefredos. 

Nova OUata. 

Willielmus filius Ailwardi et Eicardus Musse r.c. de v. marc, pro 
ponenda loquela quse est inter ipsos et Eeginaldum de Bernieres et 
Eicardum filium Willielmi de pace infracta et Eoberia coram 
Justiciariis cum venerint in partes illas. In th'ro ii. marc, et 
dimid. Et debent ii. marc, et dimid. lidem r.c. de eodem debito. 
In th'ro lib. et quieti sunt. 

Willielmus filius Wimari debet tertiam partem de xxxvi. marc, 
pro Justiciando Eicardo filio Musse quod reddat ei xxxvi. marc, 
quas ei debet ut dicit. 

Hugo Hose debet cc. marc, et ii. palfredos pro habendo manerio 
de Pencriz cum pertinentiis suis quod fuit Walteri Hosati patris sui. 

Magister Walkelinus -debet iii. marc, de primo solutis denariis 
de xiiii. marc, et iii.s. pro habendo brevi de districtione supra 
priorem de Lappeleia. 

Wido de Swinefen debet xx.s. quod ipse et alii homines legales 
habeant in custodia uxorem suam retatam de receptamento 
Utlagorum. 



144 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Henricus de Piri debet i. marc, ut ipse et alii homines habeant 
Hawisam matrem suam et Agnetem filiam suam in custodia usque 
ad adventum Justiciorum. 

Tomas filius Eogeri debet dimid. marc, pro habendo Eicardo 
Wardebois sub plevina. 

Henricus de Brumlega debet dimid. marc.- pro esse sub pleviua. 

Aufridus Hunte debet dimid. marc, pro eodem. 

Hawis de Pirie debet i. marc, ut sit in Warda. 

From the Pipe-Roll of Warwickshire and Leicestershire, of 9 John. 

Nova Oblata. Eoheisia de Verdun r.c. de vi. marc, pro licencia 
concordandi. In th'ro lib. et quieta est. 

From the Pipe- Roll' of Salop, O.John. 

Nova Oblata. Tomas de Blanco Monasterio r.c. de c. marc, et ii. 
palefredis pro habenda in uxorem Margareta Extranea quse fuit 
uxor Tome Noel cum hereditate sua et maritagio suo et rationabili 
dote su&. Inde invenit plegios Tomam de Muleton de xx. marc. 
Eeginaldum de Blanco Monasterio de xx. marc. In thesauro x. 
marc, et debet quater xx. et x. marc, et ii. palefridos. 

From the Pipe-Roll of Oxfordshire, 9 John. 

Walterus de Tiwe r.c. de cccc. marc, et iiii. palefridis pro 
habenda in uxorem Avelina quse fuit uxor Osberti de Longocampo." 
In th'ro nihil et in perdonis ipsi Waltero cccc. marc, et iiii. pale- 
fridi per breve Eegis et quietus est. 

From the Pipe-Roll of Essex and Hertfordshire, 9 John. 

Nova Oblata. Henricus Archidiaconus Stafford debet L marc, et 
ii. palefridos, set requirendus est in Staffordscira, pro habenda 
custodia teme et heredis Oliveri filii Nigelli et pro habeudo 
maritagio eorundem (sic) heredum et pro maritanda Avicia qua 
fuit uxor ipsius Oliveri. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 9 JOHN (MICHAELMAS, 1207). 

The new grants of Crown-lands indicated by this Eoll were as 
follows : Four Librates of land in Tettenhall given to William de 
Gamages ; the grant to take date in the Sheriff's accounts from 
Christmas, 1205. Ten Librates of land in Penkridge, given to 
Hugh Hose ; the grant to date from Midsummer, 1207. 

PROFICUUM COMITATUUM. The balance against himself (229 
14s. lOd.) here recorded by Erdington, is a precise resumption of 
the account stated at length under the 8th year, except that this 
balance does not include Eobert de Hauterive's responsibility for 
24 4s. 



ROLL OF 9 JOHN (1206-1207). 145 

Erdinton now proceeds to state his credits against the debt of 
229 14s. lOd. He had contributed 40 17s. 8d. out of his own 
purse to balance the King's expenses on the Shropshire Eoll (and 
on that Eoll-the item is duly vouched). He had paid other sums, as 
set forth in the text, till the balance against himself was reduced to 
twenty merks. 

The Proficua for the current year were reduced from 266 13s. 4d. 
'(of the 8th year) to 200 ; of this he pays 120 down. He also 
alleges credits amounting to 40, which he had advanced in pur- 
chase of stock for Worfield and other EoyaL Manors ; but this claim 
was disallowed at the Exchequer, and the whole passage coevally 
cancelled by sublineation. 80 therefore remained as due for the 
proficua of the current year. 

Eobert de Hauterive here comes in, redeeming his outstanding 
quota of obligation. 

Thomas de Burgh's Manor of Upper Arley had been an Escheat 
since Easter, 1206. The Sheriff accounts for a revenue at the rate 
of 14 per annum thereon. 

Oliver Fitz Nigel, now deceased, was a prominent tenant of the 
Bishop of Coventry,, holding various estates in Staffordshire and 
Derbyshire, as mentioned on a former page (Supra, p. 70). He was 
a cadet of the House of Gresley, fourth in descent, I imagine, from 
Nigel de Stafford, its Domesday ancestor The wardship of his 
heir fell to the disposal of the Crown probably by usurpation. 
The See of Coventry was not vacant, if the date (1208) hitherto ac- 
cepted as that of Bishop Muschamp's death, be correct. 

Nova Oblata. 

WILLIAM FITZ AILWARD'S Fine was a- Fine pro habendo pone, 
that is, to obtain a Writ of Pone coram justiciariis itinerantibus, a 
suit which in this instance was probably pending in the Curia 
Comitatus. 

WILLIAM FITZ WIMAR'S FINE exhibits in its nakedest form the 
charge so often brought against the first Anjovin Kings of 'selling 
justice." When a Litigant calculates on gaining a suit, or recover- 
ing an alleged debt, by offering the Crown a percentage on his gains, 
the only resource for the defendant would be to outbid the plaintiffs 
offer. And actually this was sometimes done. 

HUGH HOSE'S father, Walter, and his long connection with 
Penkridge, have been noticed elsewhere. (Collections, Vol. I., p. 
66.) Such a tenure was always " quamdiu Eex voluerit " and em- 
ployed no sort of heirship. However, the proffer of a handsome 






146 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Fine might gain more favourable consideration for a former tenant's 
son than for a stranger. N.B. Hugh Hose was not Walter's 
eldest son. 

MASTER WALCHELINE wants to distrain on the Prior of Lapley 
for a claim of 9 9s. 8d. That he may have facilities for so doing 
he offers at the " Shrine of Justice " the first three merks that he 
may succeed in recovering. 

WIDO DE SWINFEN, whose wife had been accused of entertaining 
outlaws, fines twenty shillings that he and others, upright before 
the law, may take charge of her. 

HENRY DE PIRI had some similar reason for looking after his 
mother and daughter till the King's Justices should visit the County. 
He fines one merk. His mother, Hawise, also fines one merk ut 
sit in wardd, that she may be in somebody's care. Fines to have 
.another person sub plevina, or to place oneself sub plevina are of the 
same complexion. Their object was to release an accused person 
from present pressure, and to insure such persons reappearance at 
the proper time on the faith of reliable sureties. 

SALOP ROLL. The death of Thomas Noel, and the remarriage of 
his widow, are subjects sufficiently examined elsewhere (Antiquities 
of Shropshire). Thomas de Muleton's name had not as yet attained 
its greater celebrity. . He was at this time Sheriff of Lincolnshire. 

Walter de Tiwe was Harvey Bagot's tenant, at Dunstewe, 
Oxfordshire, and had some interest in Shenstone, Staffordshire. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 10 & 11 JOHN (1207-1209). 

Idem Tomas (de Erdinton) ut custos r.c de cc. et quater xx.li. de 
firm& de Staftordscira de anno prseterito et de hoc anno. In th'ro 
c. et xxxvii.li. et iii.s. et vii.d. bl. Et in Elemosinis constitutis 
Militibus de Templo ii. marc. Et eisdem iiii.li. et vi.s. et viii.d. bl. 
in Kiel. Et Canonicis de Trentham x.li. in Blortona et Cokenache. 
Et in liberatione constitute, Canonicis de Lantoni xiii.s. et iiii.d. ad 
custodiam Domorum de Canot. Et x. servientibus peditibus 
xxviii.li. et v.s. ad custodiam patrise pro malefactoribus. Et 
Monachis de BordesleiS, xx. bl. in Terdebigge. Et Willielmo de 
Heroville vi.li. in Wodnesberia. Et in pastura quam Rex con- 
cessit Johanni Extraneo xviis. et iiii.d. Et in Vasto Forestse de 
Secchehulle xviii.s. Et Episcopo Cestrensi x.li. pro Escambio de 
Canot et de Rugeleia de anno prseterito. Et Henricd de Waletona" 
Ix.s. in Cestretona. Et Tomse de Erdinton xxx.li. in Wigintona. Et 






ROLL OF 10 AND 11 JOHN (1207-1208). 147 



Willielmo de Gamages viii.li. in Tettenhale. Et Hugoni Hose xx.li. 
in Pencriz. Et duobus lutrariis Eegis ii. marc, et dimid. per breve 
Eegis. Et pro Judiciis et Justiciis faciendis viLli. Et in opera- 
tione Castelli sub Lima" x.li. per breve Eegis. Et habet de 
superplusagio Ivi.s. et iii.d. bl. qui sunt ei extensi ad lvii.s. et x.d. 
numero qui locantur ei infra (sic) supra in debitis Tomae de Blanco 
Monasterio. 

Galfridus Filius Petri lxvi.li. et xiiis. et x.d. bl. de pluribus 
annis sicut continetur in Eotulo septimo. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ii. marc, de firma de Eolei&. Et de vi.li. 
de cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de vi.s. de exitu Molen- 
dini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. Hugo Des Loges r.c. de 
x. marc, de Censu Forestse de Canot de anno prseterito. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. Hugo de Neville debet x. marc, de Censu ejusdem 
Forestse de hoc anno. Sed respondet inde in compotu suo in anno 
sequenti. Willielmus films Wimari r.c. de i. marc, de firma Vivarii 
de Stafford. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Philippus de Kenefare r.c. de xviii.li. de firma de Kenefare. Et 
de ix.s. de pasnagio. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eogerus de Summerville r.c. de x.li. de Cremento de Alrewas. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eadulphus de Sumeri r.c. de x.li. de Cremento de Swineford et 
Clent et Mera. In .th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Herveius Bagot ccc. et iiii.li. de pluribus Scutagiis sicut con- 
tinetur in Eotulo septimo. 

Milites de Staffordscira r.c. de xl. marc, et de uno palefredo 
sicut continetur in Eotulo secundo. In th'ro lib. Et quieti sunt. 

Willielmus films Walteri debet xl.s. pro habendo recto sicut 
eontinetur in Eotulo septimo. Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xviLli. et x.s. 
et iiii.d. de Tallagio sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro xiii.li. Et 
debet iiiUi. et xi.s. et iiii.d. 

Comes Cestrise debet xii. marc, de Sexto Scutagio. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de xxxix.li. de eodem. In th'ro ix.li. per 
rornara de Erdinton. Et debet xxx.li. 

Cecilia de Strattona r.c. de x. marc, et i. equo et i. ansturco pro 
habenda custodia terrae sicut continetur in Eotulo septimo. In th'ro 
v. marc. Et debet v. marc, et i. equum et i. austurcum. 

Idem Vicecomes quater xx.li. de proficuo Comitatuum de 
inno xmo. (sic, sed ixno. legendum.) Et de xx. marc, de remanenti de 
)roficuo Comitatus de anno septimo. Sed hsec xx. marc, non debent 
'.xigi quia' Vicecomes dedit illas ad cambium ad faciendas cccc. et 



148 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

quater xx. marc, de proficuo bonos denarios et fortes quos receperat 
debiles. 

Robertus de AM Ripa debet xxiiii.li. et iiii.s. de proficuo de anno 
septimo. 

Tornas Noel debet xvi.s. et viii.d. de vii.s. Scutagio qui sunt supra 
Tomam filium Eustacii. Henricus Archidiaconus Stafford xx. 
rnarc. et ii. palefredos pro habenda custodia terras sicut continetur 
in Rotulo riono. Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de xii. marc, pro 
Justiciando sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Hose debet cc. marc, et ii. palefredos pro habendo Manerio 
sicut continetur ibidem. Sed not debet summoneri qiiia breve 
Regis attornatus est de toto hoc debito et de auro Resrinse ad Justi- 

o o 

ciarios Hibernise. 

Guido de Swinefen r.c. de xx.s. sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de Henrico de Pirie. Et de 
dimid. marc, de Tonra tilio Rogeri. Et de dimid. marc, de Henrico 
de Brumlega. Et de dimid. marc. deAmfrido Hane. Et de i. marc, 
de Hawisa de Pirie. In th'ro lib. in v. Talliis E.- Q. E. 

Nova Oblata. 

Henricus le Not debet c.s. pro habendo recto de una hida 'terras 
cum pertinentiis in Bissopbirie et de i. hida terrae in Penne versus 
Willielmum de Bermingeham. 

Robertus Lupus T.C. de xl. marc, pro habenda custodia terras et 
heredum Roberti de Staiidon et uxoris ejusdem Roberti. In th'ro 
xvi. marc. Et debet xxiiii. marc. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Magister Johannes de Rammesbiri debet iii. palefredos pro ha- 
bendis litteris Regis judicibus delegatis ut procedant in causa quae 
vertitur inter quendam Monaclmin Sancti Petri Supra Divam et 
Priorem de Stutesbirie. 

Matilda filia Nicholai Pecchie debet xx. marc, per sic quod 
juratores Assisae de Morte Antecessoris de terra in Ketelbernestona 
summoneantur iterum coram Rege. 

Henricus de Timmor r.c. de dimid. marc, pro quadarn recogni- 
tione novse disseisinae coram Rege. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
De Placitis Forestce. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxviii. marc, de misericordiis hominum 
quorum nomina annotantur in Rotulo quern Hugo de Neville 
liberavit in thro. In th'ro lib. in viii. talliis. E. Q. E. 
'Robertus de Modredeshale r.c. de xl.s. ut sit sub plegio." In-th^o 



feOLL OF 10 AND 11 JOHN (1207-1208). 149 

xx.s. Et debet xx.s. Willielmus de Codeshale r.c. de c.s. pro 
eodem. In th'ro i. marc. -Et debet vi. marc, et dimid. Eicardus de 
Puteo r.c. de i.d. pro dimidia acra excolendl. ' In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxx.s. de exitu firma terrse Eoberti 
Trainel de anno prseterito. Et de xxx.s. de hoc anno. In th'ra 
lib. in ii. Talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xlv.s. et iiii.d. de firma terrse de Bureford 
de quarta parte anni. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Amerciamenta per Eadulphum de Arderne et socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de Ivi.li. et xv.s. de misericordiis hominum 
quorum nomina annotantur in Eotulo quern prsedicti liberaverunt 
in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in i. Tallio. E. Q. E. 

Stephanus filius Eoberti r.c. de dimid. marc, quia non habet quern 
plegiavit. In th'ro (sic.) 

Eobertus Blundus r.c. de xl.s. pro defalta. In th'ro xx.s. Et 
debet xx.s. 

Willielmus Museberd debet xx.s. quia non est prosecutus. 
Eogerus de Bidulf debet xl.s. Henricus Pinel debet dimid. marc. 
Idonea uxor Willielmi debet i. marc. Et Willielmus filius Eoberti 
debet dimid. marc. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ccc. et xxxiii.li. li et dimid. marc, de pro- 
ficuo Comitatuum de duobus annis. In th'ro ccc. li. Et in suo 
superplusagio quod habet supra post corpus Comitatus de Salope- 
scmi xviLli. et xiiii.s. et ii.d. Et in liberatione D. servientium 
peditum et xxv. equitum in exercitu Wallise xvi.li. et vi.d. per breve 
Eegis. Et habet de superplusagio viii.s. qui locantur ei supra in 
debito Thomse de Blanco Monasterio. 

Milites de honore Herveii Bigot (sic) in StaffordscirS, xx. marc, 
ut possint nunc de cetero reddere Scutagia sua sicut debent et red- 
dere consueverunt. 

Hugo Pantulf debet cc. et xlvii.li. et viii.s. x.d. pro defalta 
Instauramenti de viii annis et dimid. de tempore suo dum fuit 
Vicecomes quod retinuit in quadam parte et reddidisse debuit 
Vicecomiti successor! suo. Et de c. et xii.li. et xiii.s. pro pre- 
tio illius instauramenti. In th'ro nihil. Et in perdonis ipsi 
Hugoni c. et xl.li. per breve Eegis. Et debet cc. et xxi-.li. etxxii.d, 
de quibus debet reddere in anno sequent! l.li. et sic de anno in 
annum donee totum persolvatur. Idem r.c. de eodem debita . In 
th'ro c.li. Et in perdonis ipsi Hugoni c.li. per breve Eegis. Et debet 
xxi.li. et xxii.d. 

Willielmus filius Alani debet Q. et xix.li. et ix.s. et vtd.. pro de- 



150 THE STAFFORDSHIRE' PIPE ROLLS, 

f alta prsedicti Instauramenti quod "eodem modo retinuit. Et Iv.li. 
et iii.s. et iiii.d. pro pretio illius Instauri. 

From the Buckinghamshire Pipe-Roll, 10 John. 

Nova Oblata. Eadulphus de Sumeri r.c. de c li. et ii. palefredis pro 
habenda saisina villae de Neweport quam mater sua tenuit et unde 
ipsa se demisit tempore Eegis Eicardi et unde ipse Eex homagium 
suum recepit. In th'ro xxxv.li. et vi.s. et viii.d. et debet lxiiii.li. et 
i. marc, et ii. palefredos. 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 10 John. 

Nova Oblata. Eohesia de Verdun r.c. de vi. marc, pro licencia 
concordandi. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 11 John. 

Nova Oblata. Avicia uxor Eutropi Hasteng debet ii. marc, pro 
habendo quodam precipe versus Umfridum Hasteng. 

From the Salop Pipe-Roll, 11 John. 

Nova Oblata. Willelmus de Brai r.c. de ii. marcis pro licentia 
concordandi. 

Henricus le Not r.c. de i. marc, pro quodam pone. Tn th'ro lib. 
E. Q. E. 



NOTES ON THE P1PE-KOLL OF 10 & 11 JOHN 
(MICHAELMAS, 1207 MICHAELMAS, 1209). 

The Pipe-Eoll of 10 John contains no full or detailed account of 
Erdington's two Shrievalties during the year ending Michaelmas, 
1208 ; but there is an Index of all the English Shrievalties, and a 
synopsis of what sums each Sheriff paid or left due at the half- 
yearly audit of Easter, 1208. The document is headed in the form 
following : 

Visits Compoti Vicecomitum totius Anglice de termino Pascce Anni 
Regni Regis Johannis iJecimi. 

(Here it should be explained that Easter, 1208, was not in the 
tenth regnal year of King John, but was in his tenth fiscal year.) 

The entries in this Index which concern Erdington's two Shrie- 
valties are as follows : 

STAFFOKDSCIBA. SALOPSIRA. 

Tomas de Erdinton de firma de Salop'. In tuesauro nil Et 
debet 16 16s. 4d. Idem de firma de Staffords'. In thesauro 
33 3s. blanc. Et debet 33s. lid. blanc. 

Eighteen months later, viz^ at Michaelmas, 1209, Erdington's 



ROLL OF 10 AND 11 JOHN (1207-1208). 151 

account, now before us, as well as his account for Shropshire, em- 
braces the transaction of two previous fiscal years. 

It will be observed accordingly that each item of Memosince 
Constitute Liberationes Constitutor, and Terrce Data, given in the 
Corpus Comitatils is just double the ordinary amount ; while the 
blanche ferm of Staffordshire, ordinarily 140, is here 280. 

Erdington's credit balance on the Corpus Comitatds was 56s. 3d. 
blanche ; that is, he had paid so much more than his receipts. It 
is implied that credit had already been given him for such a sum 
in the account entitled Debita Tomce de Blanco Monasterio. (But 
such an account is not to be found on any Staffordshire or Shrop- 
shire Pipe-Roll.) 

It is further intimated that the sum for which such credit had 
been given was 56s. 3d. blanche, commuted into 57s. lOd. numero. 
It was a liberal rate of commutation, to the accountant at least. 

PROFICUUM COMITATUUM. This item had been reduced from 200 
in the King's ninth year to 250 merks (166 13s. 4d.) per annum 
in his tenth and eleventh years. But in this part of the Eoll the 
Proficuum-account is of 80 left in arrear in the ninth year (see p. 
145), and of twenty merks, part of 130 left in arrear in the seventh 
year (see p. 129.) 

Of these twenty merks, the Officers of the Exchequer said some- 
thing to the following effect, viz., that " the twenty merks ought not 
to be exacted from the Sheriff, for as a matter of fact, though not a 
matter of account, he had paid them at the Exchequer of Exchange. 
He had paid them in this way : having to make up a projicuum 
(in the year 1205) of 480 merks, he did it in good and stout coin ; 
whereas the coin which he had received was poor." Erdington, it 
seems then, had enacted a process of dealbation on his own account j 
but the sum he sacrificed, we* may state, was not quite the usual 
five per cent., nor is the account of 1205, as left on its Eoll, sus- 
ceptible of any exact solution like that here (apparently) offered. 

< Robert de Hauterive's debt is again entered on this Roll It 
had been recorded in the Roll of 9 John (Supra p. 148). 

Thomas fitz Eustace, charged with an arrear of Thomas Noel's 
scutage, had married one of his daughters. 

Hugh Hose's Fine for Penkridge had been made returnable to 
the Justices of Ireland, where he probably was residing. The 
Avrum Regince was an increment of ten per cent, on every Fine 
made with the King. The Queen Consort was entitled to the same, 
whether the Fine itself expressed this condition or not 



152 THE STAFFOEDSHIKE PIPE ROLLS. 

Nova OUata. 

Tutbury Priory was originally an affiliation of the Norman Abbey 
of St. Pierre sur Dive. 

The OUata of Matilda Peche and Henry de Timmor are to 
procure two of those Writs which were technically known as Writs 
of Pone coram Rege. 

DE PLACIT.IS FORESTS. This Iter commenced Saturday, March 
14th, 1209. The Forest Justices who held it were Hugh de Nevill 
and Peter de Leonibus. 

ITER OF RALPH DE ARDERNE AND HIS COLLEAGUES. This Iter 
was in November, 1208. Ralph de Arderne's associates were 
William de Albeni ; Kobert de Berklay ; Humphrey, Archdeacon of 
Sarum ; John de Gestling ; Henry de Pont-Audemer ; Kichard de 
Muccgros ; and William fitz Richard. 

THE PROFICUUM COMITATUUM of 500 merks for two Counties and 
for two years has been noticed above (p. 151). The quotation from 
the Salop Pipe-Roll has been verified. The account of Thomas de 
Blancminster's debts is not on any preceding Pipe-Roll of Salop or 
Staffordshire. 

HERVEY BAGOT'S name is not often spelt ' Bigot.' However the 
two names were identical in origin. Hervey Bigot's knights were 
aggrieved at being assessed to Scutage in some new mode. Perhaps 
the fashion of the Levy in a Fief of Mortain was customarily 
peculiar, and had been arbitrarily changed. King John was Hervey 
Bagot's Suzerain as King, but also as Comte of Moretain. 

HUGH PANTULF'S account has reference to his outstanding 
liabilities at Michaelmas, 1189, when he retired from office as 
Sheriff of Shropshire. 

WILLIAM FITZ ALAN, surcharged with similar liabilities, had 
been Sheriff of Shropshire from Michaelmas, 1189, till Easter, 1201. 
Geoffrey Fitz Piers had succeeded Fitz Alan, and been succeeded 
(in 1204) by Thomas de Erdinton, the existing Sheriff or Gustos. 

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE ROLL. The balance of Ralph de Sumery's 
Fine is repeated against him in the Rolls of 12, 13, 15, and 16 
John, but never reduced. The presumption is that at Michaelmas, 
1210, he was deceased. 

WARWICKSHIRE ROLL. Avicia Hasting's Fine was paid in 12 
John (1209-10.) 

SALOP ROLL. Nova Oblata. Henry le Not was suing Hugh 
fitz Peter, of Bushbury, for land in Bushbury and Penne (Rot.. 
Curiae" Regis. No. 70. See also CoUectitms, Vol.' I.'/ pp. 191/.192. , . ,', 



ROLL OF 12, 13, AND 14 JOHN (1209-1212). 153 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 12, 13, & 14 JOHN (1209-1212). 

Tomas de Erdintona ut custos cccc. et xx.li. de firma de Stafford- 
seira de anno xii. et de anno praeterito, et de hoc anno. In th'ro 
cc. et x.li. et xi.s. et x.d. bl. Et in Elemosinis constitutis Militibus 
de Templo iii. marc. Et eisdem vi.li. et x.s. bl. in Kiel. Et 
Canonicis de Trentham xv.li. in Blortonaet Cokenache. Et in 
liberatione constituta Canonicis de Lantoni xx.s. ad custodiam 
Domorum de Canot. Et x. servientibus peditibus xxvii.li. et vii.s. 
et vi.d. ad custodiam patriae pro malefactoribus. Et Monachis de 
Bordesleia xxx.li. bl. in Terdebigge. Et Willielmo de Heroville 
ix.li. in Wodnesberia. Et in pastura quam Eex concessit Johanni 
Extraneo xxvi.s. Et in Vasto Forestae de Secchehulle xxvii.s. Et 
Henrico de Waltona iiii.li. et x.s. in Cestretona. Et Tomae de 
Erdintona xlv.li. in Wigintona. Et Willielmo de Gainages xii.li. in 
Tettenhale. Et Hugoni de Neville xxx.li. in Pencriz de quibus 
debet respondere. Et debet xxxi.li. et xvi.s. et ii.d. bl. Idem r.c. 
de eodem debito. In th'ro xix.li. et viii.s. et iiii.d. bl. Et debet 
xii.li. et vii.s. et x.d. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. 
E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xl.s. de firma de Eoleia de tribus annis. 
Et de ix.li. de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de ix.s. de 
exitu Molendini de Cradelei&. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

"Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de xx.s. de Firm^ Vivarii de Stafford 
de praedicto tempore. In th'ro Kb: E. Q. E. 

Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de xxvii.li. de firma de Kenefara de 
praedicto tempore. In th'ro xxvi.li. et xii.d. Et debet xix.s. 

Bogerus de Summerville r.c. de xv.li. de Cremento de Alrewas de 
eodem tempore. In th'ro xii.li. et x.s. Et debet Is. 

Eadulphus de Sumeri r.c. de xv.li. de Cremento de Swineford et 
Clent et Mere. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Philippus de Kenefara de Pasnagio de'Kenefara. 

Galfridus filius Petri r.c. de Ixvi.li. et xiii.e. et x.d. bL de pluribus 
annis sicut continetur in Eotulo septimo. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Herveius Bagot ccc. et xxxiv.li. de pluribus Scutagiis sicut 
continetur in Eotulo prsecedente. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xLs. de Willielmo filio Walteri. J$t de 
iiii.li. et xi.s. et iiii. de Tallagio. Et de v. marc, et x. marc, pro uno 
equo de Cecilia de Strattona. Et de xvis. et viiLd. de Torna Noel. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



154 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Robertus de Alta Ripa debet xxxiv.li. et iiii.s. de proficuo de anno 
septimo. Henricus Archidiaconus Stafford xx. marc, et ii. pale- 
fredos pro habenda custodia terrse sicut continetur in Rotulo nono. 

De Oblatis. 

Henricus le Not r.c. de c.s. pro habendo recto sicut continetur in 
Rotulo prsecedenti. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Magister Johannes de Eamnesbiri iii. palefredos pro habendis 
litteris sicut continetur ibidem. 

Matilda filia Nicolai Pecchie r.c. de xx. marc, quod juratores 
summoneantur sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
De Placitis Forestce. 

Robertus de Modredeshala r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus de Codeshale r.c. de vi. marc, et dimid. In th'ro i 
marc. Et debet v. marc, et dimid. Ricardus de Puteo r.c. de i.d. 
pro dimidia acra excolenda. 

Idem Vicecornes r.c. de iiii.li. et x.s. de exitu terrse Roberti Trainel 
de tribus annis quse in Salopescira. 

Et de xxvii.li. et iii.s. et iiii.d. viiid. de firma terrse de Bureford 
quse fuit Hugonis de Sai de eodem termino. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dimid. marc, de Stephano filio Roberti. 
Et de xx.s. de Roberto Blundo. Et de xx.s. de Willielmo Muse- 
berd. Et de xl.s. de Rogero Bidulf. Et de dimid. marc, de Henrico 
Pinel. Et de dimid. marc, de Willielmo filio Roberti. In th'ro lib. 
in vi. Talliis E. Q. E. 

Milites de honore Hervei Bagot in Staffordscira r.c. de xx. marc, 
ut possint reddere sicut continetur in Rotulo prsecedenti. In. th'ro 
lib. E. Q. s. 

Hugo Pantulf r.c. de xxi.ll et xxii.d. pro defalta Instauri sicut 
continetur ibidem. In th'ro m'hil. Et in perdonis ipsi Hugoni 
xxi.li. et xxii.d. per breve Regis. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus filius Alani debet c. et xix.li. et ix.s. et vi.d. pro eodem 
sicut continetur ibidem. Et Iv.li. et iii.s. et iiii.d. pro pretio ejusdem 
Instauri. 

Nova Oblata. 

Isabella quae fuit uxor Rogeri de Summerville r.c. de c. marc, et 
i. palefredo quod non distringatur ad se maritandam et pro habenda 
custodia terrse et heredis prsefati Rogeri cum hereditate ipsius 
heredis quousque ad setatem pervenerit et pro habenda rationabili 
dote sua de libero tenemento quod fuit ejusdem Rogeri et pro 
habendis omnibus catallis quae fuerunt praedicti viri sui die qud 
obiit. In th'ro c. marc. Et v. marc, pro palefredo. E. Q. E. 



ROLL OF 12, 13, AND 14 JOHN (1209-1212) 155 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de Willielmo de Paries. Et de 
i. marc, de Herberto Malveisin. Et de i. marc, de "Willielmo Basset 
Et de diinidia marc, de Henrico le Not. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielinus de Paries r.c. de x. marc, pro habenda inquisitione. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dimid. marc, de Hugone filio Petri. Et 
de dimidia marc, de Willielmo filio Hugonis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de quater xx. marc, pro habenda inquisitione 
si terra quae fuit Eicardi de Strattona sit de feodo ipsius Hervei 
necne. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Petronilla de Timor r.c. de v. marc, pro habenda terra sua unde 
dissaisita fuit pro defectu servitii. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Henricus Archidiaconus Stafford c.li. de prsestito. . 
Amereiamcnta per H. de Neville et Petrum deLiuns de Placitis Forestce. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de c. et Ixx. marc, et x.s. de misericordiis 
hominum et villarum quorum nomina annotantur in Eotulo quern 
praedicti liberaverunt in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in xxiii. talliis. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus de Eideware r.c. de c. marc, pro transgressione. In 
th'ro xxii.li. et i. marc. Et in perdonis Eogoni ( sic) de Eideware L. 
marc, per breve Eegis. Et debet x.li. et i. marc. Idem r.c. de 
eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Simon de Whitefeld r.c. de xx. marc, pro canibus suis. In th'ro 
xviii. marc. Et debet ii. marc. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxiirLli. de minutis particulis Forestse. 
In th'ro xx.li. et xii.s. et ii.d. Et in perdonis Philippo de Kenefara 
iiiili. per breve Eegis et pro liberatione cartse. Et debet ix.li. et 
vii.s. et x.d. Philippus de Kenefara r.c. de iiii.li. et xii.d. de pas- 
nagio bailliae suse. 

De Placitis Forestce per Petrum de Linns et socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de c. et xxxii.li. et xvi.d. de misericordiis 
hominum et villarum quorum nomina annotantur in Eotulo quern 
prsedicti liberaverunt in thesauro. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Abbas de Salopesbirie r.c. de xx. marc, ut sit quietus de Waltero 
filio Medus quem recepit in religionem. In th'ro x. marc. Et 
debet x marc. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xiiiUi. de minutis particulis Forestae. 
In th'ro xiili. et xvii.s. et vi.d. Et debet xxii.s. et vid. 

Amerciamenta per Simonem de Pateshull et socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xlvii.li. et xiii.s. et iiii.d. de misericordiis 
hominum quorum nomina annotantur in Eotulo quem praedicti 
liberaverunt in thesauro. In th'ro lib, E. Q. E. 



156 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de x.li. de firma de Pencriz. In th'ro lib. 
E. Q. E. 

De Finibus pro Passagio Hilernicc. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xv. marc, de Eicardo de Eushale. Et de 
v. marc, de Henrico de Verdun. Et de iii. marc, de Kanulpho de 
Beivill. Et de ii. marc, de Willielmo de Huleia. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E- 

Willielmus de Paries r.c. de i. palefredo pro habendis Militibus 
Comitatus in assisa sua. In th'ro iiii. marc. Et debet i. marc. 

Philippus films Holegod L. marc, pro Rogero Gernet sicut 
continetur in Lancastrascira qui requirebatur ibidem. 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 12 John. 

Nova OUata. Eicardus de Bereford r.c. de xv. marc, prohabenda 
Cecilia quae fuit uxor Tomae Camerarii. In th'ro c.s. et debet xii. 
marc, et dimid. 

De amerciamentis. Philippus de Wasteneis r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro 
dim. marc, et debet i. marc. 

From the Berkshire Pipe-Roll, 12 John. 

Nova OUata. Margareta quae fuit uxor Eadulphi de Sumeri r.c. 
de ccc. marc, pro habenda rationabili dote sua de terra quae fuit 
predicti Eadulphi viri sui. 'Termini ad festum Sancti Johannis 
.Baptist' anni xii. o. et 1. marc, ad festum Sancti Michselis c. et 1. 
marc, per plegium Willelmi Marescalli. In th'ro xi.li. et i. marc, et 
debet cc. et quater xx. et ii. marc, et dimid. Eadem r.c. de eodem 
debito. In th'ro c. et Ix.li. per Willelmum de Gardino et debet 
xxviiiJi. et dimid. marc. Eadem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro 
c.s. et viii.d. per predictum Willelmum et debet xxiiili. et vi.s. 
Eadem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro xiiii.li. et vi.s. per Vice- 
comitem Oxoniensem de plegio Willelmi Marescalli et debet viii.li. 
et x.s. Eadem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
De Aitxilio assiso per .scutagium in passagio Ybernice. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de xx.s. de feodo dimid. militis de feodo suo. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 13 John. 

Willelmus de Aldithel' miles et Lucas de Alditleg armiger .... 
xxx.li. et ii. pulcros equos ut deliberentur a prisona. 
Eicardus Basset D. marc, reddendas infra v. annos scilicet c. marc. 
. per annum quod Eex reddat ei custodiam terrae et heredis Eadulphi 
Basset quse tota est de feodo suo cum custodia heredis cum Catallis 
quae ad commodum Eegis non devenerunt, de quibus D. marc. 
Eicardus de Marisco debet respondere ad predictos terminos per 
finem inter ipsum et Eicardum Basset factum. 



ROLL OF 12, 13, AND 14 JOHN (1209-1212). 157 

From the Nottt. and Derbyshire Pipe-Roll, 14 John. 
De Placitis Forestce per Philippum de Ulecote et socios suos. 
Johannes de Ippestan debet dimid. marc. 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 14 John. 

Willelmus de Aldithel' et Lucas r.c. de xxv.li. et ii. pulcris equis 
ut deliberentur a prisona. In th'ro nihil. Et in perdonis ipsius 
W. et L. x.li. per breve Kegis et debent xx.li. et (sic.) Idem r.c. de 
eodem debito. In thro xiii.li. et in superplus' quod Vicecomes 
Salopescirse habet in Salopescira in compoto de foresta vii.li. et ipsi 
Regi ii. pulcros equos per breve Regis et quieti sunt. 

From the Shropshire Pipe- Roll, 12, IS, & 14 John. 

Idem (Thomas de Erdinton) r.c. de 466 13s. 4d. de proficuo 
Comitatuum de iij. annis. In th'ro 243 15s. 6d,. Et in suo 
superplus quod habet supra 222 17s. lOd. E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de 80 4s. de remanenti proficuo de anno decimo. In 
th'ro xx.li. Et in operatione Castri-super-Limam et emendatione 
Jaiolae xx.li. Et debet xl.li. de quibus Custodes Episcopates 
Cestriae debent eum acquietare de exitibus mercati de Lichefeld. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-ROLL OF 12, 13, & 14 JOHN. 
(MICHAELMAS, 1209, TO MICHAELMAS, 1212). 

Thomas de Erdington's account now extends to three years for 
both the Counties of his custody. Accordingly, all constant 
annual receipts and outgoings are trebled, and the ferm of Stafford- 
shire stands at (140 x 3=) 420 blanche. 

It will be curious once more to observe how the Sheriffs ac- 
count, though composed of four items reckoned in blanche money 
and eleven items reckoned in ordinary currency, resolves itself 
into a clear blanche ferm of 140 per annum. For the blanche 
items amounting to 278. 18s.+the items of common currency 
amounting to 148 10s. 6d. 7 8s. 6d. (or five cent, deducted 
from the latter items to reduce, them to a bldnche form) 420 
blanche. And 420 blanche for three years is 120 blanche for 
each of the three years in question. 

In the Corpus Comitatus, we observe that ten Librates of land, 
given in 1209 to Hugh Hose, have been withdrawn, and three years 
accumulations are passed in account to Hugh de Xevill, but only as 
to a Trustee or Bailiff, for he is accountable for the same to the 
Crown. 

Page 154. Robert de Hauterive's old debt is again repeated. 



158 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 



Page 154. The passage relating to Eobert Trainel's estate 
was coevally cancelled by sublineation, for it was doubly inaccurate. 
In his Shropshire accounts, Erdington corrects the entry as follows: 
Vicecomes r.c. de 100 sol. de firma de Hatton Eoberti Trainel de 
ii. annis et dimid. (See the circumstances in Antiquities of Shrop- 
shire, Vol. II., p. 171.) 

Burford also was in Shropshire. It was in manu Regis by 
reason of the death of Hugh de Say, Baron of Pilchard's Castle. 

NOVA OBLATA. " Isabella quae fuit uxor," &c., &c. to 

" c.li. de praestito. 

FOREST AMERCIAMENTS OF HUGH DE NEVILLE AND PETER DE LIUNS. 

" Idem Vicecomes r.c. de c. et Ixx. marc," &c., &c., &c., to " baillise 

SU36." 

(The two Schedules last indicated seem to belong to the 12th and 13th fiscal years 
of King John, i.e., to the interval between Michaelmas, 1209, and Michaelmas, 
1211. The following portions of the Roll with equal probability belong to the King's 
14th fiscal year ( Michaelmas, 1211, Michaelmas, 1212.) 

PETER DE LIUNS and his colleagues had held a Forest Assize. 
The Abbot of Shrewsbury, who had apparently received a Welsh 
Outlaw into his Convent, compounded his offence by fining with 
the Forest Justices. 

THE ITER OF SIMON DE PATSHULL and his colleagues was an 
ordinary Assize. 

The Sheriff himself pays a year's Ferm (10) of Penkridge. It 
was the Ferm of the 14th year of John. The Sheriff in the Corpus 
Comitatus had charged this and the two previous years' Ferms on 
Hugh de Nevill. This entry is corrective of the former one. Penk- 
ridge, in other words, had been resumed into the Sheriffs Ferm 
about Michaelmas, 1211. 

De Finibus pro Passagio Hibernice. 

This is a recent reckoning of some arrears of Fines, probably 
made in King John's 12th year, by persons unwilling to accompany 
the King to Ireland. 

William de Paries' Fine was a recent affair. He wanted some 
suit-at-law, which he had on hand, to be tried by a Jury of Staf- 
fordshire Knights. The proffer, a palfrey, is commuted for the usual 
equivalent, viz., five merks (3 6s. 8d.) 

Philip Holgate's Fine, or (more probably) recognizance, had been 
transferred from the Lancashire Pipe-Boll. 

WARWICKSHIRE EOLL (1209-10). Cecilia la Waite, widow of 
Thomas Chamberlain, was daughter of Eoger le Waite. See more 
about her in these Collections, Vol. I., 187, 






ROLL OF 12, 13, AND 14 JOHN (1209-1212). 159 

BERKSHIRE EOLL (1209-10). Margaret de Sumery's Fine is 
chronologically curious. Her husband dying early in 1210, she 
Fines for dower, one moiety of her Fine being returnable on June 
25th, 1210, the other moiety on September 29th, 1210. The obli- 
gation was punctually redeemed. 

Hervey Bagot's Berkshire quota of the Scutage of Ireland is 
here definitely assessed in 1210. (See above). 

WAKWICKSHIRE AND LEICESTERSHIRE EOLL (1210-11). Sir 
William de Audley may have been that younger son of Henry de 
Audley, who was mentioned (Vol. I., p. 179) as having, in Henry 
III.'s time, acquired Blpre and Grendon by marriage. 

Eichard Basset, who negotiates this Fine, was of Weldon. Ealph 
Bassett his cousin and principal tenant, deceased in 1211, was of 
Drayton, Staffordshire. ' The descent of Basset of Drayton, has 
been so ill-ascertained by genealogists that the ascertainment of a 
single new date is of importance. 

NOTTS. AND DERBYSHIRE EOLL (1211-12).. For the .ancestry and 
descendants of John de Ippeston, see these Collections, Vol. I., p. 208. 

WARWICKSHIRE AND LEICESTERSHIRE EOLL (1211-12). The 
liquidation of the Audley Fine shows how easily the relatives of 
a royal favourite might escape punishment. The reference as to 7 
received by the Sheriff (Erdington) and carried to his Shropshire 
credits cannot be verified. The Shropshire Pipe-Eoll, in the part 
which should record the transaction, is incomplete evidently 
by coeval inadvertency. 

Shropshire Pipe Roll, 12, 13 and 14 John. 

Higher on this same Shropshire Eoll, Thomas de Erdington closes 
his account of a three years Firma Comitatus of Salop, claiming credit 
for a surplus expenditure of 222 17s. 10d., for which he says he takes 
credit "below, in the account of Proficua" (qua; locantur infra in 
proftcuo). Then follow the entries given in the text (p. 157.) 

It would appear, from a proficuum of 166 13s. 4d. per annum, 
recorded in 10 & 11 John, that the proficuum on the two Counties, 
recorded in 12, 13, & 14 John, had fallen to about 155 lls. Id. per 
annum. On this matter of account Erdington is quit. 

He then proceeds to account for 80 still due from himself as a 
balance of the Proficuum of 10 John. He pays 20 ; has devoted 
20 to works at the Castle and Gaol of Newcastle, Staffordshire ; 
and charges the balance (40) on the Custodes of the vacant See of 
Lichfield, who had, we presume, in hand so much due to Erdington 
out of the profits of Lichfield Market. 



160 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Erdington's lien on Lichfield Market probably arose in some 
grant of King John. 

The See of Lichfield had fallen vacant nearly four year's previous, 
viz., on the 6th October, 1208, by death of Bishop Geoffrey de 
Muschamp ; and a violent contest was still going on as to the right 
election of his successor. 



MAG. EOT. PIP., 15 & 16 JOHN (1212-1214). 

Tomas de Erdintona ut custos r.c. de- cc. et quater xx.li. bl. 
de firma de Staffordscira de anno praeterito et hoc anno. In th'ro 
lxvii.li. et xix.s. et ii.d. bl. Et in Elemosinis constitutis Militibus 
de Templo ii. marc. Et eisdem iiii.li. et vi.s. et viii.d. bl. in Kiel. 
Et Canonicis de Trentham x.li. in Blortona et Cokenache. Et in 
liberatione constitute, Canonicis de Lantoni xiii.s. et iiiid. ad custo- 
diam Domorum de Canot. Et x. servientibus peditibus xviii.li. et 
v.s. ad custodiam patriae pro malef actor ibus. Et Monachis de 
Bordesleia xx.li. bl. in Terdebigge. Et Willielmo de ^eroville 
vili. in Wodnesberia. Et in pastura quam Rex concessit Johanni 
Extraneo xvii.s. et iiii.d. Et in Vasto Forestae de Secchehulle 
xviii.s. Et Henrico de Waleton Ix.s. in Cestretona.. Et Tomae de 
Erdintona xxx.li. in Wigintona. Et Willielmo de Gamages viii.li. 
in Tentenhale. Et Hugoni de Neville xx.li. in Pencriz de quibus res-- 
pondet infra. Et in Emendatione Novi Castri sub Lima c.s. per breve 
Regis. Et in Emendatione Gaiolarum et pro ferramentis prisonum, 
et pro Judiciis et pro Justiciis faciendis viii.li. Et in exitibus 
Mercati de Lichesfeld quos Vicecomes non recipit xl. marc, de duobus 
annis. Et debet Iv.li. et xix.s. et ii.d. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem 
debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ii. marc, de firma de Roleia de duobus 
annis. Et de vi.li. de Cremento Novi Fori de Trentham. Et de 
vi.s. de exitu Molendini de Cradeleia. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus films Wimari r.c. de i. marc, de Firma Vivarii de 
Stafford de prsedicto tempore. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Philippus de Kenefara i.c. de xviiili. de firma de Kenefara de 
prsedicto tempore. Et de xix.s. de anno xiiii.s. In th'ro ix.li. et 
iterum ix.li. Et debet xix.s. 

Rogerus de Summerville x.li. de Cremento de Alreford de pradicto 
tempore. Idem Rogerus r.c. de l.s. de eadem firma de anno xiiiio. 

Radulphus de Sumeri r.c. de x.li. de Cremento de Swineford et 
Clent et Mere. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



ROLL OF 15 AND 16 JOHN (1212-1214). 161 

Johannes de Kenefare de padnagio de Kenefara de tribus annis. 
Herveius Bagot ccc. et xxxiiii.li. de pluribus Scutagiis . sicut 
continetur in Eotulo xiii. Henricus Archidiaconus Stafford' debet 
xx. marc, et ii. palefredos pro habenda custodia sicut continetur in 
Rotulo.nono de quibus Robertus Lupus debet respondere in Comitatu 
Lincolnensi sicut continetur in litteris ipsius Roberti quse sunt in 
forulo Marescalli anno xiiii. Regis Johannes. Et de Episcopatu 
Cestrensi. 

Magister Johannes de Ramesbiri debet iii. palefredos pro habendis 
literis sicut continetur ibidem. 

Ricardus de Puteo r.c. de iii.d. pro dimidia' acr& excolenda de 
tribus annis. In th'ro lib. in i. Tallio. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes xviii.li. et ii.s. et iiii.d. de firma terrse de Bureford . 
de duobus annis antequam Robertus de Mortuo Mari finem faceret 
cum Rege pro eadem terra per breve Regis. Willielmus filius Alani 
debet c. et lxxiiii.li. et xii.s. et viiid. pro defaM Instauri et de 
'pretio Instauri sicut continetur in Rotulo xiii.o Henricus Archi- , 
diaconus Stafford' r.c..de c.li. de prsestito. In th'ro lib. E.Q.E. 

Idem Vicecomes debet ix.li. et vii.s. et x.d. de minutis particulis 
Forestae. 

Johannes de Kenefara iiii.li. et xii.d. de pasnagio bailliae suse. 
Abbas de Salopesbirie x. marc, ut sit quietus sicut continetur 
in Rotulo xiiii. Willielmus de Paries r.c. de i. marc, pro assisa 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Johannes de Kenefare i. marc, pro Rogero Gernet sicut continetur 
ibidem. 

Nova Oblata. 

Henricus de Waletona r.c. de i. marc, pro habendo praecipe versus 
Petronillam. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Jordanus de Canoto et Robertus de SandonS, et socii sui r.c. de c. 
marc, ut deliberentur a prisona. In th'ro x. marc. Et debent , 
quater xx. marc, et x. marc. Sed respondent- infra. : 

Johannes filius Philippi Bagot r.c. de xxx. marc, et pra3terea de 
L. marc, ut deliberetur a prisona et pro habenda saisina terrarum . 
suarum unde fuit diesaisitus per prseceptum Regis. In th'ro' L. marc. 
Et debet. xxx. marc. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro x. marc. 
Et debet xx. marc. 

Thomas de Erdintomi xlv. marc, pro habenda custodial teroe 
et heredis Ricardi de Strattona cum Maritagio ejusdem heredis. 

Stephanus de Bello Campo r.c. de i. marc, pro habendo pone. In 
Ji'ro lib. E. Q. E. 
M 



162 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 



Johannes filius Philippi r.c. de L. marc, et i. palefredo pro 
habendis terris quae fuerunt prgedicti Philippi patris sui. In th'ro 
xxxviii. marc. Et debet xii. marc, et i. palefredum. Idem r.c. de 
eodem debito. In th'ro nihil. Et in perdono ipsi J. xii. marc, et i. 
palefredum per breve Eegis. E. Q. E. 

De Amerciamentis f cadis per Episcopum Wintoniensem. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de vi. marc, de misericordiis hominum 
quorum nomina annotantur in Rotulo quern idem Episcopus 
liberavit in th'ro. In th'ro lib. in i. Tallio. E. Q. E. 

Henricus de Adulvestra debet dimid. marc, pro disseising. t 
Eobertus Constabularius de Eqcleshal debet dimid. marc, pro 
transgressione. 

Rbbertus de Tornhulle debet dimid. marc, pro plegio. 

Johannes de Sanford v. marc, pro disseisina. 

Herveius filius Hervei Bagot v. marc, pro disseisin^. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de i. marc, de Stephano Meverelle- pro falso 
clamore. Et de i. marc, de Henrico de Waletona pro licentia 
concordandi. 

Henricus filius Eanulphi de Hamestede debet 'dimid. marc, pro 
licentia concordandi. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xl. marc, de Burgo de Stafford de Taillagio. 
Et de xxxv. marc, de Novo Castello sub Lima pro eodem. In th'ro. 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de x. marc, de Taillagio de Penchul. Et de 
v. marc, de Taillagio de Wulurnehantona. Et de ii. marc, de Tail- 
lagio de Canot et Rugeleia. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Jordanus de Canot et Socii sui r.c. de quater xx. et x. marc, sicut 
supra continetur. In th'ro L. marc, per R de Wakeringes. t Et 
debent xl. marc. 1 

De Scutagio Pictamensi assiso ad Hi. marc. 

Herveius Bagot r.c. de c. et xx.li. de Ix. feodis. In th'ro L. marc.. 
Et Tomae de Erdinton L. marc, ad expensas suas de dono per breve 
Regis. Et debet quater xx. marc. 

Isti hdbent quietantiam per brevia. 

Comes Saresbiri de L. feodis. Mcholaus de Verdun de i. feodo. 
Comes Cestrise. Comes de Ferrariis. 

From the Northamptonshire Pipe-Boll, 26 John. 

Ricardus Basset, Radulphus filius ejus pro eo . c. et Ixviii.li. et 
x.s. de pluribus debitis sicut continetur supra [i.e., in Rotulo x ] 

From the Warwickshire and Leicestershire Pipe-Roll, 16 John. 

Nova OUata. Hugo de Hodingeseleg et Basilia uxor ejus . D. 






ROLL OF 15 AND 16 JOHN (1212-1214). 163 

marc, pro habenda hereditate quae ipsam Basiliam hereditarie con- 
tingit de terris et tenementis quae fuerunt Johannis : de Limesi. 
quondam fratris sui ita quod reddant D. marc, infra tres annos. 

From the Lincolnshire Pipe-Roll, 16 John. 

Nova Oblata. Pliilippus (" Joceus " written over, in correction of 
Philippus) de Wasteneis debet i. marc, pro habendo pone versus 
Philippum de Wasteneis de feodo dimidii militis in Karlebi. 

Eobertus Lupus xx. marc, et ii. palefredos pro Henrico 

Archidiacono Staffordiensi sicut continetur in Eotulo Staffordiae. 
Idem E. (sic) de exitibus Episcopates Cestrensis (sic). 

From the Nottinghamshire 'and Derbyshire Pipe-Boll, 16 John. 

Eadulphus de Gresel' debet D.li. de fine facto inter ipsum et 
Eobertum Lupum sed iste finis cassatus est per finem subscriptura. 

Nova Oblata. Eadulphus de Gresel debet D. marc, pro habenda 
terr quse fuit Eoberti de Muschauis patris Ysabellae uxoris suse et 
ut possiu maritare^ Aguetam filiam suam Eoberto Lupo ita tamen 
quod finis D.li. superius annotatus cassatus, est per finem istum. 

Willielmus Comes de. Ferrarius cc. marc, et ii. dextrarios pro 
sic quod Milisenta qute fuit uxor Hervei Bagot dabit filio suo Herveo 
de Stafford, primogenito suo, tertiam partem totius terras suee quse 
,eam hereditarie contingit cum Petronilla sorore predicti Comitis 
quam ipse Herveius de Stafford ducet in uxorem. Termini ; Ad 
festum Sancti Michaelis anno Eegis xvi. Ix. marc, et ad Pasca proximo 
sequens (sic) xl. marc, et ad festum Sancti Michaelis anno xvii. L. 
marc, et ad Paseha proximo sequens L. marc, et ii. dextrarios, ad 
sumonicionem Eesis! 



NOTES ON THE PIPE-EOLL OF -15 AND 16 JOHN 
(MICHAELMAS, 1212 MICHAELMAS, 1214.) 

The Eoll is again for two years ; and all usual items of receipt or 
outlay are doubled, as in the accounts of the years 10 and 11 of John. 

Hugo de Neville, probably as Escheater or Fermor, is in charge 
of Penkridge, but his account of the ferm, though promised, is not 
given under Staffordshire. 

Forty "merks of the profits of Lichfield Market, to which Erdintun . 
was entitled, he had not. received. He charges the same on the 
Crown, as a credit in his account, which is accurately and fully 
balanced and discharged. 

The cumulative scutages charged against Hervey Bagot are so 
charged as mere matter of routine. He was certainly deceased be- 



164 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 



fore this Eoll was commenced. He probably died in 1211, leaving 
a son in minority. The Scutages, here alluded to, were eventually 
charged against his widow, Milisent de Stafford. 

The Archdeacon of Stafford's Fine for custody 'of Oliver fitz 
Nigel's heir will be found in the Eoll of 9 John (Supra, pp. 143). 
The then Archdeacon was now Archbishop of Dublin. He had 
probably transferred his interests in the wardship to Eobert Level, 
a Lincolnshire man, who appears to have lodged documents con- 
nected with the transfer with the Marshall of the Exchequer in 14 
John (1213) ; the very year of the Archdeacon's elevation. Eobert 
Lovel also appears to have been somehow officially connected with 
the revenues of the vacant See of Lichfield. 

The Escheat of Burford determined when Eobert de Mortimer 
married the heiress of Eichard's Castle, the widow of Hugh de 
Saye. (See Antiquities of Shropshire, Vol. IV.,- p. 301.) 

Nova Oblata. 

JOHN BAGOT'was of Blymhill. The probably cause of his im- 
prisonment is indicated Collections, Vol. I., p. 292. 

TUOMAS DE ERDINGTON had long previously had custody of the 
Stretton heir, but he seems, according to an extant charter, to have 
resigned it to Hervey Bagot, then living. There is much evidence 
on the subject, but too complicated for examination in -a note. 

STEPHEN DE BEAUCHAMP, now 32 years of age, was son and heir of 
Stephen de Beauchamp, deceased in 1184. (Supra, p. 100.) 

JOHN FITZ PHILIP (confused with John Bagot, of Blymhill, higher 
in the Eoll), was son and heir of Philip Holgate, deceased. His 
Fine is for Livery. Concerning his father's tenure at Kinver, see 
Antiq. of Shrop., Vol. III., p. 160. 

Amerciaments by the Bishop of Winchester. 

Peter de Eoches, Bishop of Winchester, seems to have visited 
Staffordshire and Shropshire in Aug. or Sept., 1214. Fines 
negotiated by him while on Circuit reached the Treasury on Oct. 
7th, 1214. Thus we get the proximate date of the amerciaments 
which follow on the EolL 

" Hervey, son of Hervey Bagot," whom' the Bishop amerced for 
disseizin, was probably just of age. But he was not in futl seizin 
of his Barony, as his Mother Milisent (Baroness in her own right) 
was ' living. At a later period he was styled Hervey de Stafford. 

THE TALLAGE here assessed seems to have been so assessed by 
the Sheriff. It is noticeable that Cannock and Eugeley were 
assessed. This would result, whether the estates were in manu 






ROLL OF 17 JOHN (1214-1215). 165 



Regis by reason of the existing vacancy in the See of Lichfield, or 
whether they had been formally resumed by the Crown into its 
demesnes. William de Coruhill, Bishop Elect of Coventry, had the 
Eoyal Assent August 6th, 1214, but was not consecrated till 
, January 25th, 1215. 

I THE SCUTAGE OF POITOU. 

This was the ninth and last Scutage of King John. The King 
embarked from Yarmouth about 10th February, 1214. His Precept 
to the Bishop of Winchester (Chief-Justice and now Viceroy) to 
levy this Scutage bears date at Partenay (in Poitou), 26th May, 
1214. It was to be at the high rate of three merks (2) per fee. 

" Hervey Bagot " advertized as the sole contributor up to Michael- 
mas, had, as we have said, been long dead. 

Here is a hint, by the way, that Scutage-Rolls, from and after 
this date, are never .to be trusted as positive evidence of the con- 
temporary existence of the alleged Contributor. They were often 
copied in fact from Eolls of a bygone date. The party contributing 
this instalment of fifty merks was, doubtless, Milisent, Baroness 
Stafford. The King sent a Writ de-ultra-mare, presenting Thomas 
de Erdington with the whole instalment. 

The three Earls and the Baron, exempted by Writ, were proba- 
bly with the Army of Poitou. The Earl of Salisbury was assessed 
in Staffordshire as having, custody of the Barony and heir of 
Ealph de Somery, of Dudley. 

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE BOLL (1213-14). Richard Basset,, of Wei- 
don, probably died in 1214. His son and successor, Ralph Basset, of 
Weldon,was fourth in descent frpm RalpbBasset, the Chief Justice of 
Henry I.'s time, and fifth in descent from Hugh, Domesday Earl of 
Chester. Ralph Basset, of Weldon, succeeded in 12l4,died A.D. 1257-8. 

WARWICKSHIRE ROLL (1213-14). William de Odingsells, des- 
cended from this Hugh, and Basilia de Limesi, held Weeford and 
Thickbroorn, c. 1284, under the Bishop 'of Lich^eld. (See Collec- 
tions, Vol. I., p. 154.) 

. LINCOLNSHIRE ROLL (1213-14). The Plaintiff was Joceus de 
Wasteneig. The Defendant's name had in the first instance been 
written as Plaintiff. Philip de Wasteneis held half a fee in Carlby 
under the Barony of Stafford. He was clearly descended from 
Godric, Domesday Tenant of the said Barons in several Lincolnshire 
Manors and in Colton, Staffordshire. At the .present period, Bald- 
win Wake was Mesne-Lord of these Lincolnshire Manors, under 
Milisent de Stafford, and over Philip de Wasteneis. 



166 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Bobert Level's position, as regards the late Archdeacon 'of 
Stafford's Fine, has been indicated above (p. 164). His connexion 
with the revenues of the vacant See of Chester is hinted in both 
places, but explained in neither. 

NOTTS. AND DERBYSHIRE EOLL (1213-14). Ealph de Gresley's 
Fine is here inserted, not as having anything to do with Stafford- 
shire men or places, but because Eobert Lovel is here o prominently 
introduced. 

The Fine whereby the marriage of Hervey de Stafford with 
Petronilla de Ferrars was sanctioned, is of great interest. The 
Baroness Stafford is to give up to her son one-third of her Barony 
as a provision. The Earl Ferrers himself was now about 43 years 
of age. It is probable that his sisters were much younger. One of 
them, Isabella, was a mistress of King John. 



MAG. EOT. PIP., 17 JOHN (DE TEEMINO PASC^LE, 1215). 

.***?*** de lxx.li. bl. de firma Comitatus de 
dimidio anno xvii.o ante gwerram. In % th'ro xxii.li. et xiii.s. bl. 
Et Militibus de Templo xx.s. et xx.d. bl. in Kiel. Et Canonicis de 
Trentham l.s. in Blortona et Cokehhach. Et in Liberatione con- 
stituta Canonicis de Lantoni xl.d. ad custodiam domorum de Canot. 
Et x. servientibus peditibus ad patriam custodiendam pro malefac- 
toribus iiii.li. et xi.s. et iii.d. Et.Monachis de Bordesleia c.s. bl. in 
Terdebigge. Et Willielnio tie Heroville xxx.s. in Wodnesberia. Et 
in pastura quam Eex concessit Johanni Extraneo iiii.s. et iiii.d. Et 
in Vasto Forestse de Sechulle iiii.s. et> vi.d. Et Henrico de Waletona 
xv.s. in Cestretona. Et Tomse de Erdintona vii.li. et x.s. in Wigin- 
tona. Et Willielmo de Gamaches xl.s. in Tetenhale. Et in Pencriz 
c.s. Et Episcopo Cestrensi c.s. pro Canot et Eugleia. Et debet 
iiiili. et VLS. et iiiid. bl. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro 
vi.li. et ix.s. et vi.d. bl. Et debet vi.li. et xvi.s. et viii.d. bl. 

Eicardus de Eufcleia dimid. marc de flrma de Eueleia de 
dimid. anno. Et xviiid. de Exitu Molendini de Cradeleia. 

Tomas de Erdinton r.c. de xxx.s. de crementoNovi Fori de Tren- 
tham. In th'ro nihil. Et in superplusagio quod habet infra in 
Salopescira xxx.s. E. Q. E. 

Willielmus filius Wimari r.c. de xl.d. de firma Vivarii de Stafford. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Philippus de Kenefare iiii.li. et x.s. de firma de Kenefare de 
dimidio anno. Et xix.s. de eadem firma de anno xiiii. 






ROLL OF 17 JOHN (1214-1215). 167 

Heres Kogeri de Summerville l.s. de remanenti cremento 
de Alrewas de anno xiiii. et x.li. de eodem cremento de anno 
xv. et xvi. 

T. de Erdinton r.c. de l.s. de eodem cremento de hoc dimid. anno 

Heres Radulphi de Sumeri l.s. de cremento de Swinford efc de 
Clent et Mere de hoc dimidio anno: 

Eicardus de Puteo obolum pro dimidia acra excolenda. 

Tomas de Erdintona r.c. de xviii.li. et ii.s. et iiii.d. de firma terras 
de Burford sicut continetur in Rotulo praecedenti. In th'ro viii.li. 
et xv.s. et vii.d. in iiii. talliis. Et in superplusagio quod habet infra 
xvii.s. et vii.d. Et debet viii.li. et ix.s. et ii.d. 

Idem Tomas xlv. marc, pro habenda custodia terras et heredis 
Ricardi de Strattona cum maritagio heredis. 

From the Chancellor's Antigraph- of the Shropshire Pipe-Roll, 17 John. 

Thomas de Erdinton r.c. de 136 de remanenti firmse Comitatus 
(de Salop) de ij annis prseteritis. In thesauro 138 7s. 8d. Et 
habet de Superplus' 47s. et 7d. de quibus 30s. locantur ei supra in 
Staffordscira in cremento Fori de Trentham et residuum supra in 
firma de Burford. 

Idem Thomas ' . . proficuo Comitatuum de Stafford et Salop 
de ij annis praeteritis. Et de hoc dimidio anno. 

Thomas de Erdinton v. mille marcarum pro terra quse 

fuit Willelmi filii Alani et maritagio filiorum et heredum ipsjus 
Willelmi. 



NOTES ON THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE-ROLL OF 17 JOHN 
(MICHAELMAS, 1214 EASTER, 1215). 

, The name of the Gustos or Sheriff no longer heads the Sheriffs 
Roll ! However, Thomas de Erdington had been Gustos of the 
Counties of Salop and Stafford till the close of the half-year now 
under revie'w. The last day of the Term was Easter-day (April 
19th, 1215). After this, and excepting a short interval during 
which Hervey Bagot usurped the Shrievalty, Erdington remained 
Gustos (tholigh there is no Pipe-Roll to record it) till Easter (April 
10th), 1216. On Wednesday, 13th April, 1216, King John, by letters 
Patent-, ordered Thomas.de Erdinton "to surrender to Ranulf, Earl 
of Chester, the Counties of Salop and Stafford." It will somewhat 
improve our present lists of Sheriffs' if we set down Ranulf, Earl of 
Chester, as Sheriff of the two Counties aforesaid, from 13th April, 
1216, to 22nd December, 1223. 



168 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE EOLLS. 

In the half-year's account, now before us, all the usual items of 
receipt and outlay are put at half their ordinary amount. 

Penkridge is taken out of the -Sheriffs Term, but its Gustos or 
Fermor is not expressed. To the Bishop of Chester (William de 
Cornhill) has been restored the right of his See to 10 per annum 
in lieu of his ancient grant of Crown-lands in Eugeley and Cannock. 

Eoger de Sumerville's heir, another Eoger, had cleared off his 
arrears of the crementum of Alrewas up to Michaelmas, 1214 ; but 
now Thomas de Erdington answers for the half-year's crementum, 
since falling due.. The reason was that young Somerville was in 
rebellion, and his lands were in Erdington's occupation by the 
King's order. 

The rest of the Eoll contains nothing but matters of routine- 
account, save a hint here and there that, even as an account of half- 
a-year, the Scribe knew it to be incomplete. 

Some of the balances recorded against Erdington at Easter, 1215, 
were afterwards renewed against his heirs, but not till Michaelmas, 
1218. The reason of the delay will appear presently. 

THE SALOP EOLL (EASTER, 1215) contains a few entries, com- 
pletive of cognate entries in the Staffordshire Eoll. 

Erdington's enormous Fine for custody of Fitz Alan's Barony 
and heirs, is fully examined elsewhere (Antiquities of Shropshire, 
Vol. VII.,'pp. 247-249). 



MAGNI EOTULI PIP.E. 

DE DIMIDIO ANNO 17 ET DE ANNO 18 EEGIS JOHANNIS, 

NECNON DE ANNO Imo EEGIS HENRICI TERTII. 

(Vmnes Desiderati. ) 

SERIES OF THE PIPE-EOLLS SUSPENDED .FROM EASTER, 1215, TO 

MICHAELMAS, 1217. 

Like the omissions of Domesday, the interruptions of a serial 
Eecord such as the Pipe-Eolls, may prove to be of the gravest 
historical import. Eminent antiquaries^ in speaking of the almost 
unbroken succession of the English Pipe-Eolls, used \o mention 
with regret the loss of the Eoll of 1 Henry III. This regret, if 
fully conceived, ought to have extended to the Eoll of 18 John (the 
year ending September 29th, 12-16) and even to the Half-Eoll of 17 
John (the half-year ending September 29th, 121.5). 

The fact, however, was. that for this period of 2 years, there 
were never any Exchequer accounts, never any Pipe-Eolls .at all ; 



THE SERIES SUSPENDED, A.D. 1215-1217. 169 

and, therefore, none can properly be said to have been lost. This 
fact is proved by numerous debts and arrears having been left after 
strict balance on the Eoll of Easter, 1215, and renewed on the Eoll 
of Michaelmas, 1218, without increase or diminution of any kind, 
in respect of any Exchequer process between Easter, -1215, and 
Michaelmas, 1217. 

Instead, therefore, of the Antiquary having to lament a flaw in 
this great series of records, he may congratulate himself on a piece 
of evidence which speaks in plain terms of the nature and extent 
of that intestine commotion, and the power of that foreign' invasion, 
which together disorganized the State and its offices for thirt) 
months, and which the English Chroniclers have been ashamed to 
review in its social and domestic aspects. 

Whatever generalities the Chronicles have described, are worth 
collation with what a closed Exchequer sternly illustrates. 

It was in Easter- Week (April 19th-25th), 1215, that the army of 
the Barons, confederate against King John, mustered at Stamford. 
On Monday, April 27th, the Barons met in great force at'Brackley; 
on May 24th they entered London, and on June 25th they exacted 
the great concession of Eunimed. A few months later, John, in 
revenge, was overrunning the Kingdom with an army of foreign 
mercenaries, to whom he had promised 'the plunder of the Barons' 
estates. Eochester Castle, falling to the King's arms, moved the 
infuriated Barons to offer the English Crown to Prince Louis, of 
France. 

The army of Louis landed at Sandwich on the 23rd day of May, 
1216, and forthwith retook Eochester Castle. Louis received the 
homage of the Barons in London on June 2nd.. Anon, Louis was 
abortively besieging Dover Castle. There were symptoms of the 
Barons repenting of their treason, when John died at Newark. This 
was on the 19th of October, and young Henry, a boy in his ninth 
year, succeeded to a crown not yet his own. For the French remained , 
in occupation of the country, till on May 20th, 1217, Louis received' 
a signal defeat at the hands of the now Royalist Barons at Lincoln ; 
on August 21st, a French fleet, bringing succour to Louis, suffered 
the same fate off Dover. Louis, now in London, was next besieged 
by the Earl of Pembroke. This forced Louis to the Treaty of 
Stanes, in virtue of which he quitted England. His departure was 
on September llth, 1217. ' 

The end of that same, month saw the King's Exchequer and the 
English Sheriffs resume their functions. The suspension -of the 



170 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Pipe-Eolls marks, within a few weeks, the period of rebellion, civil 
war, anarchy, national treason, and national degradation. 

The suspension of the Pipe-Eolls Was accompanied by the sup- ' 
pression or loss of many other national Eecords. The hiatus thus 
caused in the general history of the realm and its provinces is not 
total darkness. Personal matters come to the surface. A legend 
or a letter tells us, one of the marvellous exploits of a disaffected 
Fitz Warin, the other of the political principle and attitude of 
particular Barons. 

One such letter is from the Sheriff, Erdinton, to King John, on 
the state of parties in Staffordshire and Shropshire.' This letter has 
been printed and reviewed elsewhere. (See Antiquities of Shrop- 
shire, Vol. X.,pp. 326, 327.) It requires no further comment ; but 
the Writer 'would fain reiterate a few words, which to the high 
and lasting honour of the men of Staffordshire, Erdinton wrote 
about them. 

"As to the County of Stafford, -there were not any opposed to 
your Highness, in the first instance, except Eobert Marmiun, who 
still remains disaffected, and is in London as reported, and, except 
Hervey Bagot, who made himself Sheriff of Staffordshire by means 
of the Barons ; but he (Hervey) came and accepted your High- 
ness's peace at the hands of the Earl of Chester, when the latter 
visited those parts ;= and except two brethren ' of the aforesaid 
Hervey, viz., William and Ealph, who are still against your High- 
ness and in the following of Fulk Fitz Warin." 

. As to Shropshire, the same report implies that, at the outset of 
the Barons' rebellion, Hugh de Mortimer, Walter de Lacy, Walter 
de Clifford, and John le Strange were the 'only Loyalists ; that, 
when the Earl of Chester and William Marshall reached Shrews- 
burj, they so dealt with the disaffected party that the knights and 
other chief men of the County returned to their allegiance, but that 
John Fitz Alan, Fulk Fitz Warin, Barthomew Thoret, Baldwin de 
Hodnet, Vivian de Eoshall, Thomas de Constantine, and Ealph de 
Sanford still remained in opposition to the King. 






THE CROWN ESTATES OF STAFFORDSHIRE. 171 

. APPENDIX TO THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE-ROLLS. 

THE CROWN ESTATES OF STAFFORDSHIRE. 

The Pipe-Eolls of any County, during any reign, necessarily 
involve more history of Crown estates than of any other territory. 
To group the Staffordshire Crown lands more systematically than 
they appear on the face of the Pipe-Eolls, is the work of an Appendix. 

It is proposed, first, to speak of such Staffordshire Manors as, 
having been in the Crown, or in the Earl of Mercia before the 
Conquest, remained in the Crown at the date of Domesday, and 
came to the hands of King Henry II. either as "Ancient Demesne" 
or "Ancient Escheat." 

During the reigns of Henry II., Richard I., and John, the annual 
revenue of the Crown from Staffordshire was represented, as we 
have seen in detail, by a sum of 140 blanche money (or 
147 7s. 4|d. current coin) called the Firma Comitat'ds.- This sum 
the Sheriff was supposed to receive year by year, and either lodge, 
or account for, at the Royal Exchequer. 

Here follow the names of those estates and sub-ferms which can 
be identified as having composed King Henry's Firma Comitat'As, 
the putative value of each item being annexed wherever ascertainable. 

TRENTHAM (Ancient Demesne). Value 30 blanche per annum. 
. This item includes Blurton and Cocknage, 5 ; Keele, 2 3s. 7d. ; and Pasture 
land given to John le Strange, 8s. 8d. 

PENKRIDGE (Ancient Demesne). Value* 8 blanche per annum. 
WEDNESBURY (Ancient Demesne). . Value 4 blanche per annum.- 
WALSALL (Ancient Demesne). Value 4 blanche per annum. 
WIGGINTON (Ancient Demesne). Value 15 blanche per annum. 
KING SWINFORD AND CLENT (Ancient Demesne). Value 13 
19s. 4d. per annum. 

Brome, though locally in Clent, was not included in the Sheriff's Fenn in the 
time of Henry II. Rowley Regis, perhaps involved in the Domesday Clent, was 
similarly external to the Sheriff's Term tern. Henry II. 

TETTENHALL (Ancient Demesne). Value 4 per annum. 

TARBECK (Ancient Demesne). Value 10 per annum. 

ALREWAS (Ancient Escheat}. Value 10 per annum. 

BROMLEY REGIS (Ancient Escheat). Value 4 per annum. > 

^UGELEY AND CANNOCK (Ancient Escheat). Value 3 Is. per 
annum. 

MEERTOWN (Ancient Escheat). Value 8 per annum. 

WOLVERHAMPTON" (Post-Domesday Escheat). Value. 6 12s. per 
annum. 

This estate- was that part of Wolverhampton which escheated from the Church 



172 APPENDIX TO THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. . 

of Hampton to the Crown soon after Domesday. ' It may be set down as Ancient 
Escheat, though it had never been held by the Mercian Earls. 

"WiLLENHALL, BiLSTON, KOWLEY EEGIS (all three Ancient Demesne); 
WOOLSTANTON, PENKHULL, LEEK (all three Ancient Escheat). Value, 
together with other unknown items, 19 7s. 8d. per annum. 

It would be hazardous to say that these six estates, and no more than these, were 
represented by a blanche-ferm of 19 7s. 8d. It is quite impossible to declare what 
proportion of any such ferm represented each individual estate. Rowley Regis was 
perhaps represented by a few pence ; perhaps it was represented*, not here, but in 
Clent, Woolstanton included Chesterton, 5 in the Firma Comitattis. Leek will 
have been represented by a mere trifle in the Firma Comitat'&s. When severed 
therefrom, the severance was not allowed to work the smallest reduction of the 
Sheriff's liabilities. 

Three at least of the above estates, viz., Trentham,Woolstanton, 
and Leek, had not been in the Crown continuously from Domesday 
till the accession of Henry II. .They had been intermediately given 
to the Earls of Chester ; but Henry II. thought fit to revoke them. 

The miscellaneous sum (19 7s. 8d. blanche) necessary to make 
up the ferm of 140 blanche, may have included other items besides 
the reputed values of certain territorial estates. There were the 
ferms, for instance, of five Hundreds, payable by the Bailiffs 
thereof. ' These, however small originally, were a Crown-due, and 
were surely paid. Yet I see no specific instance of such a payment 
in the time of Henry II. by any Staffordshire Bailiff. It becomes 
the more probable that such dues were merged in, and formed an ' 
integral part of the Firma Comitat'As. 

In other Counties, where among the Terrce dates of Henry II.'s 
time, so many Librates of land are said to be given in such and 
such a manor, cum 'hundredo, the meaning is that the Hundred- 
Court, tlftit-is the bailiwick of the Hundred passed with the grant. 
This, then, was a release or gift of part of the King's ferm. And & 
thing given or released must needs have been previously possessed. 
In the time of King Henry III., the ferms of the five Staffordshire 
Hundreds amounted .to an annual total of 47 13s. 4d. ; but this 
included, besides any supposable "portion of the original blanche 
ferm of the County, the crementa added by the "Exchequer, and 
probably a further percentage extorted by the Sheriff. 

As we are seeking for that evidence which may enable us to 
form a proximate estimate of all that was implied, in the term 
Firma Comitat'&s, and as we have found some grounds for suppos- 
ing that the ferins.of Hundreds went to compose the. grand total, 
we should here say something as to another County Levy, viz., the 
Auxilium Vicecomitis. 



THE CROWN ESTATES OF STAFFORDSHIRE. 173 

The Auxilium Vicecomitis was a Levy assessed on the County 
generally, to enable the Sheriff to hold his periodical Courts ("Great 
Tourns," they were called), in short to discharge such jurisdictional 
functions as fell on the Sheriff rather than on the Bailiffs of Hun- 
dreds. It seems to me that the Levy was not strictly a part of the 
Firma Comitat'As. Though recoverable by the Sheriff, as his own 
official perquisite, he paid nothing to the Crown in the way of ferm 
or percentage oil his Auxilium. Consequently he never accounts 
for such a receipt at the Exchequer. 

The exceptions to this rule are superficial, not real. In one case 
King John released the Auxilium Vicecomitis arising on the Bishop 
of Chester's Staffordshire Fief, amounting to 4 6s. for the year. 
Of course the Sheriff was precluded from collecting it ; but he was 
clearly in his right when , he charged his personal loss upon the 
Crown. The item of charge was allowed in the Sheriffs next 
account at the Exchequer. In other terms the King had not 
charged the Firma Comitat'&s with any draft upon any of its items, 
but he had borrowed so much money from the Sheriff and virtually 
presented it to the Bishop. The Sheriff,' it is true, eventually 

I charged the Firma Oomitat'&s with his loan to the King, but this 
was* among his incidental, not amongst his constituted payments, 
"We now enumerate such -estates' of Ancient Demesne or Ancient 
Escheat as came indeed to the hands of Henry II., but were never 
incorporated in the Firma Comitattis such as were given in charge 
to Bailiffs, to Fermors, to Trustees other than the Sheriff and 
more or less permanently, as the case might be. 

THE BJJRGH OF STAFFORD-. This was two-parts Ancient Demesne, 
on^-part Ancient Escheat. The Burgh was given in farm to the 
Municipality, to hold under the Crown, by payment of an annual 
donum or auxilium of five merks. Suck was the rate in the years : 
1130, 1155, and.1156. Then the due ceases for a time, but recurs 
at a higher figure. It was 10 in 1159, 12 in 1160, ten merks in 
1161, and: five merks in 1162. After this, nothing in the shape of 
an annual farm was assessed on the Borough. To ".Assizes," soon 
called Tallages, levied at unequal intervals, it was heavily assessed. 

THE HALF-BURGH OF TAMWORTH. The Warwickshire half of 
this Burgh no less than the Staffordshire half, was Ancient Escheat. 
Each was farmed by its own community. Of the Staffordshire half, 
the Auxilium was 25s. in 1129, and 2| merks (1 13s. 4d.) in 1130. 
The Donum in 1159 was 3 ; in 1160 was 7 merks ; and in 1161 



174 THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. APPENDIX. 

was 1\ merks. The AuxHium of 1169 was 2 ; that of 1177 was 
3| merks ; and the Donum, or Tallage, of 1188 was 15s. 

KINVER or KINFARE. Kinver, at the accession of Henry II., was 
held by Serjeantry of the Forest and was held rent-free. In some 
seasons pannage profits were paid to*the King by the Gustos. In 
29 Henry II., a fee-farm rent of 9 was set upon this Serjeantry. ' 

CANNOCK AND ITS FOREST were held by Serjeantry from the date 
of Domesday till the year 1166, when a Census or Crown-rent 
of ten merks (6 13s. 4d.) was set thereon. -Pannage-profits we're 
also in certain years paid to the Exchequer. 

NEWCASTLE-UNDER-LYME was originally founded in the Eoyal 
estate of Wolstanton. It was, therefore, Ancient Escheat. It is 
likely enough to have been founded by an Earl of Chester. It 
came to the hands of Henry II. as a Borongh and as a Castle ; but 
in neither respect was it included in the Firma Comitattis. As a 
Borough it was corporate, and. subject to no other burdens than 
those recurrent dona, auxilia, or assisce, which at . length got "the 
name of tallages. As a Castle, it was garrisoned by the Crown, its 
perennial maintenance being insured by sundry rent charges, and 
other services assessed on the Soke-Tenants of the neighbourhood, 
the occasional and frequent improvements and repairs being ex- 
ecuted by the Sheriff under the King's order, and at the King's cost. 

HOPWAS, a Manor of Ancient Escheat, though its tenant, if any, 
will have held sine me.di.o under Henry II., was not in the Firma 
Comitattis. The King had Hopwas in hand during one year of his 
reign, the year 1165. This was perhaps by temporary escheat, such 
as might result from the minority of an heir. But "it is more pro- 
bable that the King's tenants at Hopwas were Villeins only, and 
that the Manor was ultimately incorporated, as to its management, 
with some other Bailiwick of the King's demesne. 



Another class of Crown estate, and another source of Eoyal 
revenue consisted either in the ferms of such Manors as had been 
severed from the King's demesnes and granted to Fermors or other 
tenants before the accession of King Henry II., or else in the extra 
values or crementa which -were put upon certain estates of Ancient 
Demesne or Ancient Escheat after the accession of the said King ; 
which Ferms and Crementa could not by their nature, sometimes 
intermittent, sometimes variable, be, added to the unchanging Firma 
Comitatfts. 
BROME. This estate was originally taken from Clent. Its ferm (1 13s. 4d.) was 



THE CROWN ESTATES OF STAFFORDSHIRE. 175 

always payable to a Sheriff or other Bailiff ; it had probably been severed from Clent 
and set to farm before Henry II. 's accession. 

STAFFORD MILL. The Ferm or arrentation of Stafford Mill commenced with 
. 1 2s. 6d. in 1165 ; stood at 40s. in 1166 and 1167 ; rose to 45s. in 1168, and so 
remained till Easter, .1173, when as already (p. 37-8) shewn, it was discontinued. 

STAFFORD SMITHY. A Smithy (Fabrica), erected in Stafford in A.D. 1183, was 
deemed a pourpresture, and charged with a rent of 4s. to the Crown. The exaction 
was abandoned in 1187. 

ROWLEY REGIS. A Crementum was set upon Rowley Regis, a Manor, perhaps 
originally in Clent ; and in the Firma Comitatus. The Crementum commenced at 
6s. 2d. in 1170, and grew to 13s. 4d. in 1173. At that point it remained, but came 
to be called the ferm of Rowley instead of the crementum on Rowley. 

CRADLEY MILL. The first assessment of Cradley Mill was in 1179, when a ferm 
of 3s. per annum was set thereon. It was perhaps another crementum on Rowley 
Regis. Eventually an annual ferm of 16s. 4d. represented both/erms. 

TRENTHAM MARKET. A Crementum of 20s. was set upon Trentham in 1173, in 
respect of a Market established there. From 1174 to 1179 this Crementum stood at 
40s. In 1180 it was raised to 60s., and so remained. 

WALSALL. Casual Crementa, varying from 4 to 6, were set upon the ferm of 
Walsall between the years 1179 and 1189. 

CLENT, KINGSWINFORD, AND MEERTOWN. An annual Crementum of 5 was set 
upon the collective ferms of these Manors in the years 1203-4, when they were given 
in farm to Ralph de SomerL 

ALREWAS. A Crementum of 5 was set upon Alrewas in the year 1204, when it- 
was given in farm to Roger de Somerville. 

HOUSE IN STAFFORD. Walter, Provost of Stafford, suffered outlawry in 1175. 
His house, in St. Mary's Churchyard, was seized by the Sheriff as an Escheat Of the 
Crown in 1178. It realized at first an annual ferm of 2s., then of 3s". 6d. The ferm 
ceased in 1194, the house being probably given or sold by King Richard. 

Estates escheated by outlawry, or falling into the King's hand 
by minority of an heir, or vacancy of a See, were only in the Crown 
for a period, and were never saddled with permanent Crown-rents. 
They were only incidentally contributive to the King's revenue, and 
are not included in the above list. 

An exception arose where, as in the case of the Provost of Staf- 
ford, the Outlaw was a Tenant-in-capite sine medio. Then his 
estate passed to the Crown wholly, and for as long as the King 
willed to retain it. 

EARLY ALIENATIONS OF 'THE VETUS ESCHAETA CORONA. 

It is a dictum of the Chronicles about Henry II. that he can- 
celled all alienations, by his predecessors, of Ihe Vetus Dominicum 
Coronae, and recalled such estates to their original condition. This 
dictum, very difficult to establish in the ftase of most counties, is 
absolutely true in the case of Staffordshire. 

But with the escheated estates of the Mercian Earldom it was 
otherwise. Many of them were alienated by the Crown between 
the date of Domesday and the accession of Henry II. ; and of 



176 



APPENDIX TO THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 



those so alienated it does not appear that the King revoked one. 

The following list will nearly exhaust the subject : 

BARTON-UNDER-NEEDWOOD was given by Willianl II. or Henry 
I. to Henry de Terriers. It remained annexed to the Honour of 
Tutbury, and afterwards to the Honour of Lancaster, for ages. 

ELFORD was within seventy years after Domesday annexed to the 
Honour, of Chester. 

CLIFTON- CAMPVILLE was primarily alienated to the Honour of 
Chester ; but the Earl's title to the Seigneury was clearly questioned 
by the Crown at one time, and ultimately vested elsewhere. 

DRAYTON was, within fourteen years after Domesday, added to 
the Seigneury of Hugh, Earl of Chester. 

HARLASTON was subject to the Honour of Chester before the 
accession of Henry II. Between the years 11 54 and 1157, Matilda, 
Countess Dowager of Chester, having Harlastoii in Dower, enfeoffed 
Walter de - Vernon, grandson of a former- Walter de Vernon, therein. 

PATTINGHAM was annexed to the Honour of Chester before Henry 
II: succeeded to the throne. 

SANDON was given to Hugh, Earl of Chester, within fourteen 
years after Domesday. 

CHARTLEY was given to the same Earl, at the same period. 

EOCESTER was added to the Honour of Chester. ' 
CRAKEMARSH - was annexed to the Honour of Tutbury. 

UTTOXETER was annexed to the same Seigneury. 

MAYFIELD also. 

THE ESCHEATED TAINLANDS OF DOMESDAY. 

We shall not have exhausted the subject of Crown estates in 
Staffordshire, nor of that particular class of estates which may, in 
one sense, be brought under the category of Ancient Escheat, unless 
we deal specially with the escheated Tainlands of Domesday. 

These Tainlands, thirty-two ih number, were all in the two Hun- 
dreds of Pirehill and Totmonslow. They were uniformly waste and 
deserted. They were in the King's hand, not so much as Escheats, 
as because no one had cared to ask for them. 

But there was a sort of tacit understanding among those who 
^divided the spoils of conquest that the King should not . per- 
manently appropriate Tainlands, except such as might happen to 
be specially opportune to his private purposes, or adjacent to his 
most prized estates. In other Counties, Tainlands reserved by the 
Crown are often found to have merged into Serjeantries, and this 
was the case with some at least of the occupied Tainlands of Staf- 



THE CROWN ESTATES OF STAFFORDSHIRE. 177 

fordshire. But in regard to waste Tainlands, I cannot adduce a 
single instance of the Conqueror having thus applied any one of them. 

The general rule seems to have been that as fast as these Domes- 
day wastes became desirable to one or the. other of the adjacent 
Feudalists, he obtained a grant thereof. Thus surely were the Fiefs 
of the Bishop of Chester, the Earl- of Chester, Henry de Ferrers, 
and Eobert de Stafford eventually aggrandized. 

When I speak of the aggrandizement of the Honour of Chester 
by the annexation of Tainlands, I am referring to the provision 
made out of Tainlands for the Fortress of New-Castle. I do not 
intend to prejudge the question whether New-Castle was 'founded 
by a King before Woolstanton was given to an Earl, or 'founded by 
an Earl, while possessed of Woolstanton. 

It is probably the case that except these Tainlands, already ap- 
propriated to New-Castle, King Henry II., at his accession, found 
no other of the Domesday Tainlands waiting his disposal. 

So much for the general destination of these Staffordshire estates. 

The one striking exception is that a distinct Barony was founded, 
I think by Henry I., and that its Caput had been a waste Tainland 
at the date of Domesday, while two other Tainlands were involved 
in its endowment. The Barony was that of Alton ; the correlative 
estates were Farley and Denstone ; the Grantee was Norman de 
Verdon. 



N 



178 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES I. 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES I. NUMBER I. 

ANNO DOMINI 1072. ANNO REGIS WILLIELMI VIIMO. 
ROBEKT DE STAFFORD'S GRANT OF WROTTESLEY TO THE ABBEY OF EVESHAM. 

Harleian MS., 408. 

(See also an Heraldic Collection Toy Cooke, Clarence King of Arms tern. 
Elizabeth. The Original Latin Charter is supposed to be lost.} 



I* In the yeare from the Incarnation of our lord Mlxxij in the vij 
year of the raigne of William King of the englishmen I Rodbert de 
Stadford having a care over my soule and also for the soule of my 
f oresaid lord King William, and also for my wife and my parents> 
have given certen land Wroteslea by name to the holy monastery of 
Eovesham by the lycens and consent of the same my lord William 
into the hand of lord Agelwius Abbot my faithful frend Also I 
have given the aforesaid land wt woods and medows & pastures 
wch to it of right belonge so yt the church for ever shall it possese 
and that non my Adversary shall presume to Detract from it or 
take awaie anything And if so be y* anie my enemy shall pre- 
sume to violate these my Almes wch I have geven to god for the 
remission of my sins & the health of my soule Be he alienated from the 
inheritance of god and damned amongst the infernall ghosts. Amen. 

( The original Deed here proceeded to give the hidage and boundaries of Wrottesley. 
Cooke gives a summary rather than a translation of the passage as follows ; ) 

" This land Worteslea hath 2 hydes 
bounded wth these meeres &c. in Saxon." 

( The translation of the original then proceeds : ) 

These things Done as is abovesaid that is to wit in Mlxxij year.e 
of the incarnation of our lord. These *k witnesses in word agreing 
whose names appeare vnderwritten *J I Robert delivered this my 
chyrograph of gift vnder the scale of the holy crosse, and in 
geving of it I there layd it upon the holy aultar 3t I Urs a vis- 
count was there a witness *b I Osborne the sonne of Richard 
likewise % I Agelwinus viscount *% I Turkil the sonne of Agelwinus 
! I Ketelbearne his brother ^ I Aluricus the King's Knight * I 
Walterius & I Kynewardus de lauro *& I harlebaldus ^ 1 Robert 
Knight & I Gosbertus <X* I Gilebertus * I Hughe ^ I Raulph * I 
Ranulphus 3t I ludicail presbiter ^ I Richard ^ I Edwyne Alfrede 
<%* I Agelricus <%< I Alfwinus grithman >%* I Osgodus & I Sweine 
^ I leofricus *k I Godricus ^ t Thurebernus *k I Agelwius ^ I 
Collingus *ft I Agelricus <%* I Edwine his brother. 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD TO EVESHAM ABBEY. 179 
NOTES ON THE FOREGOING CHARTER. 

This priceless document, if dated with strict accuracy and on 
the assumption that the year ended December 31st, passed in the 
last week of the year 1072. 

The probabilities of such a date fortify the Deed ; the Deed in 
turn fortifies history and helps chronology ; for it passed within two 
years of the fall of Earl Edwin, and the final settlement of Mercia. 
It passed, too, at the time when AGELWIUS, alias Egelwin, alias 
Alwin, alias Adelwine, Abbot of Evesham, was an active and 
trusted minister of King .William, having the care of or perhaps 
acting as Chief Justice in no less than seven Counties, of which 
Staffordshire and Worcestershire were two. And this Agelwy died 
on February 16th, 1077. And now for the witnesses, whose attesta- 
tions I will venture to restore to the original Latin. 

f* Ego Ursus Vicecomes adfui ibi testis. This is Urso de Abetot. 
He continued to be Sheriff of Worcestershire at the date of Domes- 
day (A.D. 1086). 

f Ego Osbernus filius Ricardi similiter.T'h.is was Osbern, son of 
Eichard Scrape. He was a Worcestershire Baron, and Lord of 
Eichard's Castle. His Worcestershire Fief is fully set forth in 
Domesday. 

f- Ego Agelwinus Vicecomes. This was Alwin, Sheriff of War- 
wickshire in the time of King Edward, and, according to the 
suggestion of this Charter, still holding office under the Conqueror 
in A.D. 1072. He was deceased before Domesday. 

f Ego Turkil filius Agelwini. The son of the last witness. In the 
year 1067 or 1068 a Writ of the Conqueror addresses Turchil either 
as Sheriff of that County or else as associated with Earl Edwin and 
Alwin, Abbot of Evesham, in its administrative affairs. In Domes- 
day he app6ars as Turchil de Warwic. Turchil had held certain 
Warwickshire estates, T. E. E. and vitd patris. These he retained 
at the date of Domesday, when he had also succeeded to other 
estates, previously his father's. (Domesday Fo. 240. b ; 241. a.) 
It is highly probably that "Turchil," Eobert de Stafford's Domesday 
tenant at Fricescote (now Sirescote), was Turchil de Warwick. 

"^ Ego Ketelbearne f rater ejus. Chetelbert sometime held the 
Warwickshire Manor of Eedeford, in the Fief of Turchil de 
Warwic. Chetelbert sold it by the King's license to one Ermen- 
fred, who held it A.D. 1086 in capite of the King (Domesday Fo. 
241. b. 1). 

f Ego Aluricus Miles Regis. A King's Thane, "Alric," retained 



180 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES I. 



in 1086 estates at Bickford, Cannock, and Stramshall (Staffordshire), 
and held, by King William's further grant, part of Barcheston (in 
Warwickshire). The same, or another Aluric, was Eobert de Staf- 
ford's tenant in 1086 at Bubenhall, Edelmitone, and Bearley (all 
three in Warwickshire), and at Stonesfield (Oxfordshire), (Domesday 
Fos. 242.b. ; and 158). 

f- Ego Walterius. Possibly Walter, who in 1077 succeeded 
Agelwy as Abbot of Evesham. The same Walter, originally a 
monk of Cerisy, officiated, before his appointment to Evesham, as 
one of Archbishop Lanfranc's chaplains. Robert de Stafford, dying 
in 1088, speaks of Abbot Walter as his "faithful friend." 

f Ego Kynewardus de Lauro. Keneward is here called " De 
Lauro," as holding half a hide in Laure (a member of Wighe) under 
the Bishop of Worcester (Domesday 172, b. 2). Associated with 
one Godric, Keneward had also held eleven hides in Cropthorn 
under the Bishop T. R E. Furthermore, Keneward had been 
Sheriff of Worcestershire in the Confessor's time. We see him in 
this Deed still holding Laure in 1072. In 1085 he attended the 
famous law-process between Wulstan, Bishop of Worcester, and 
Walter, Abbot of Evesham, his testimony being requisite as to the 
state of certain property in the Confessor's time (New Monasticon 
I. 601. Number xxxv). 

Domesday (Fos. 172, b. 2 and 174, 2, 1) exhibits both Keneward's 
former estates as held by Eobert Dispenser under the Bishop. 

f- Ego HarlebaLdus. Herlebald, tenant of Abbot Alwin at Up- 
tune (Clent Hundred, Worcestershire). Before 1086, Urso de 
Abetot had wrested the estate and Herlebold's service from the 
Abbey (Fo. 177, b). Herlebold, in 1086, held four other estates 
under Urso de Abetot. 

f Ego Eolertus Miles. Robertus occurs in three cases as holding, 
A.D. 1086, Manors of Urso de Abetot. One of these (Hantune) had 
been wrested from the Church of Evesham after Abbot Agelwy's 
time. (Fo. 177, b.) 

Robert de Stafford had also a Domesday tenant, Robertus, at 
Edburgberie (Oxfordshire, Fo. .158), and at Richardscote, Wichnor, 
and Cheadle (all in Staffordshire). 

f Ego Gosbertus. One Goisbert was Domesday tenant of Robert 
de Stafford at Estone (Oxfordshire), (Fo, 158), and at Bumerescote 
and Pismanescote (Oxfordshire). 

f Ego Gilebertm. Gislebert, Domesday tenant of Robert de 
Stafford at Estone and Middle-Aston, Oxfordshire (Fo. 158), and at 






ROBERT DE STAFFORD TO EVESHAM ABBEY. 181 

Levintone (Loynton), Hopton, Salt, and Cheswardine (all in Staf- 
fordshire). 

f Ego Hugo. One Hugh was Domesday tenaat of Eobert de 
Stafford at Tixall, Ingestre, Patshulle, and Oaken (Staffordshire), 
also at Mortone, Edelmitone, and Cliforde (Warwickshire). This 
Hugh is supposed to have been ancestor of Fitz Odo of Loxley,and 
of Bagot of Moreton Bagot, one of Fitz Odo's coheirs. The same or 
another Hugh held Casthorpe, Lincolnshire, under Eobert de Staf- 
ford at the date of Domesday. 

j* Ego Eanulphus. Eannulf, Domesday tenant of Evesham Abbey 
at Chenevertone (Kinwarton), in Fernecumbe Hundred, Warwick- 
shire, and at Mortune (in Esch Hund. Worces.) 175.b. 2. 

f* Ego Ludicael Presbyter. Ludichel, Domesday tenant of Eobert de 
Stafford at Longelei (Langley), in Patelau Hundred, Warwickshire. 
(Fo. 242 .b. 2.) He is possibly the same with Judikellus, who be- 
ing afterwards styled " Chaplain of Nicholas de Stafford," held the 
Eectory of Tysho (Warwickshire), by gift of the said Nicholas .or of 
his father Eobert. He seems to have survived ^Nicholas de Stafford. 
If so, and if identical with "Ludicael Presbyter," he must have lived 
to an extraordinary age. 

f- Ego Eicardus. One Eichard was Eobert de Stafford's Domes- 
day tenant at Hornelie (Oxfordshire), and perhaps at Eollendri, in 
the same County. 

f Ego Edwyne Alfrede f Ego Agelricus -j- Ego Alfwinus Grith- 
man -f- Ego Sweine. Of these witnesses it does not appear that any 
one of them occurs in any situation such as would suggest his 
having been a land-holder. Their occurring all together is perhaps 
a hint that they were all of one class possibly Bailiffs or Lay- 
officers of Evesham Abbey. 

f Ego Leofricus. Leuric, once holding Beneslei (Came Hundred, 
Worcestershire), under Earl Edwin, was ousted by Urso de Abetot 
before Domesday (Fo. 177.b. ) 

f Ego Godricus. Godric, holding Cochehi (Dodintret Hundred, 
Worcestershire) under King Edward, gave way to Urso de Abetot 
before Domesday. 

f Ego Thurebernus. Turbernus,a Thane of King Edward, ceded 
Lunvredele (Cresselau Hundred, Worcestershire) to Urso de Abetot 
before Domesday (Fo. 177.b. ) 

f Ego Agelwius t Ego Collingus f Ego Agelricus t Ego Edwinus 
frater ejus. These four witnesses were possibly monks, possible in- 
ferior officers of Evesham Abbey. 



182 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES I. 



Domesday seems utterly to ignore any previous alienation of 
Wrottesley to Evesham Abbey. 

"Ipse Robertus (de Stafford) tenet in Wrotolei ij. hidas, et 
Glodoen de eo. Hunta tenuit et liber homo fuit. Terra est ij. carucis. 
In dominio est j. caruca ; et i. Villanus et j. bordarius. Silva 
dimidia leuua longa et ij. quarentinse lata. Valet4solidos' ; (Fo.249). 

Clodoan, Eobert de Stafford's tenant at Otherton, was clearly 
identical with Glodoen, his tenant at Wrottesley. 

It seems that on the death of Agelwy, Abbot of Evesham (Feb. 
16th, 1077), the possessions of his Church, as well as his personal 
estates, were invaded by certain Normans, of whom Odo, Bishop of 
Baieux, Urso de Abetot, and Gilbert fitz Turold were the most 
prominent. 

It is highly probable that Robert de Stafford used the occasion 
for ignoring or cancelling his grant of Wrottesley, which, if he had 
ratified it, might eventually have operated to leave Wrottesley with 
a stranger rather than with the Monks of Evesham. But instead of 
ratifying his Charter, Eobert de Stafford enfeoffed his knight, 
Glodoen, in Wrottesley. Yet, before the death of Peter, Bishop of 
Chester (that is, previous to April, 1084), Robert de Stafford was 
persuaded by that Prelate to renew his former intentions. 

The further evidence is that at least two years more elapsed, and 
that at the date of Domesday (1086) Wrottesley had not passed to 
the Abbey. Another two years, and Robert de Stafford, having 
been shorn a Monk of Evesham, lay dying within the Abbey. Then, 
with consent of his wife and of his heir Nicholas, whom we happen 
to know to have been at the time a youth, Robert de Stafford 
secured Wrottesley to Evesham Abbey by a second Charter. 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES I. NUMBER II. 

ANNO DOMINI 1088. ANNO REGIS WILLIELMI II. PRIMO. 
ROBEET DE STAFFORD'S GRANT OF WROTTESLEY AND LOYNTON TO THE ABBEY 

OF EVESHAM. 

(From an ancient copy on parchment in a hand of the fourteenth 
century at Wrottesley). 



Anno ab incarnatione mo Ixxxviiio ego Robertus de Stafford pro- 
videns animae mese necnon et pro anima domini mei Willielmi 
magni Regis Anglorum nee minus et pro conjuge mea et filio meo 
Nicholao quandam terrain quse vocatur Wroteslea et Levuntuna 






ROBERT DE STAFFORD TO EVESHAM ABBEY. 183 

dedi in Sancto Monasterio Eveshamensi in manu dompni Walteri 
fidelis amici mei. Dedi etiam prefatam terram cum silvis et pratis 
et pascuis quge ad earn jure pertinent ita ut ecclesia semper possideat 
earn libere in elemosinam ut victum f ratrum et ut nullus adversarius 
ab ea auferre presumat. Quod si aliquis inimicus hanc meam 
elemosinam quam pro remissione peccatorum meorum et pro salute 
animae meae deo contuli violare presumpserit, ab hereditate dei 
alienatus et inferne dampnatus sit. Anno supradicto dedi etiam ' 
corpus meum post mortem eidem Sancto monasterio et conjux inea 
similiter suum dedit, et Nicholaus filius rneus concessit suum, et 
omnes mei barones similiter se dederunt et sacramento confirmave- 
runt quod hoc firmiter tenerent. Has donationes et conventiones 
feci consilio et assensu et testimonio Petri Cestrise Episcopi qui 
nihi hoc pro penitencia injunxit et omnes destructores harum 
donationum perpetuo anathemati dampnavit. Ego Eobertus mona- 
chus factus in infirmitate mea in eodem monasterio hanc donationem 
propria manu signo crucis confirmavi & Ego Nicholaus filius eorum 
confirmavi & Ego Warinus Malecorne concessi <fc Ego Brien con- 
qessi *fc Ego Carnegode concessi & 

Hcec terra, Wroteslea hdbet duos hidas. Hiis terminis circumcincta 
est. Sprynewall in Smeleheth, of Smeleheth in Dersprynge, of der- 
sprynth in Caldewell, of Caldewell in Michelmore, of Michelmore in 
Hyndewell, of Hyndewdl in Cranemore, of Cranemore in redewythi in 
le more, of le more in* little leia, of litley in Wulvey, of Wolsey in 
Stanewell, of Stanywall in edulfeswey, of edulsewey in Hawkewell, of 
HawTcwell in Cumbiwell, of Cumbewell in WhytesycJie, of Whytesyche 
in Michelee, of Mychelee este into Spryntwall. Et nota ubi ista prepo- 
sitio ' of dicitur, nichill aliud significatur nisi fro', as fro' Sprynewall 
to Smeleheth, fro' Smeleheth to derslenthe, to Caldewell. et sic de aliis. 

NOTES. 

PETER, BISHOP OF CHESTER, died before April, 1084. (Dorset 
Domesday, p. 122?i.) At this period, Charters whose language 
appears to confine their recitations to a recent or existent date are 
often speaking of .events long past. In other words, the specific 
date supplied in a recitatory charter of this kind applies, and was 
intended to apply, only to the last scene of a series. 

It is probable that Eobert de Stafford, having neglected to fulfil, 
or having withdrawn his grant of A.D. 1072, and having been in 
due course reproved by Peter, Bishop of Chester, for his impiety, 
repents on his death-bed (A.D. 10'88) and adds Loynton to his pre- 
vious gi ant of Wrottesley. 



184 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES I. 

The Charter is undoubtedly a faithful copy of a genuine original. 
The chronological tests, supplied by the names mentioned in this 
Charter, will endow it with additional authority. 

WALTER, the existing Abbot of Evesham, had succeeded to-Agel- 
wius in 1077. Walter occurs as in office in 1086, 1102, and at 
other dates, and is stated by Florence of Worcester, to have died 
on 20th January, 1104. (There is good authority that of Colonel 
Wrottesley for saying that the dates supplied by the " Evesham 
Chronicle," as to the succession of the early Abbots, of Evesham, 
are untrustworthy.) 

Ego Warinus Malecorne concessi. ^ Warin was Domesday tenant 
of Eobert de Stafford, at Parva Contone, Bedricestone Hundred, 
Warwickshire. (Fo. 242.b. 2.) Also at Blymhill, Brineton, and 
Ruscote, in Culvestan Hundred, Staffordshire. 

Ego Brien concessi. -f Brien was Domesday tenant of Robert de 
Stafford at Dicforde (Ditchford) in Bedricestone Hundred, War- 
wickshire (Fo. 242.b. 1.) ; at Standon, The Ridge, Weston near 
Standon, and Levedale, all in Staffordshire ; also at Rauceby, in 
Lincolnshire. 

Ego Carnegode concessi. -| Carnegode is doubtless identical with 
Guernagode, who in the time of Henry I. attests a deed of Nicholas 
de Stafford, preserved in the Kenilworth Chartulary. 

Domesday bears its witness to the precision and date of the 
above Deed. It not only shows Wrottesley as unaffected by any 
grant in almoign up to the year 1086, but Loynton also as being a 
lay tenement' in Robert de Stafford's Fief. 

Ipse Robertus (de Stadford) tenet in Levintone dimidiam hidam 
et Gislebertus de eo. Ailric et Ormar teimerunt et liberi fuerunt. 
Terra est j. carucae. Vasta est. Valet 2 sol. (Domesday Fo. 249.b. 1). 

It may be asked, " How is this Charter consistent with the fact 
- that, from time immemorial, the Abbot of Evesham's estate at 
Wrottesley was charged with the service of a knight's-fee under 
the Barony of Stafford? Why did not the Grantor make, in the 
Deed, mention of this service, and retain it to his heirs ? " The 
answer is that these ancient Deeds are couched in concise but 
general terms. They say nothing specific of the rents or services of 
which the Grantor was in receipt at the moment of the grant, they 
say nothing of the liabilities to which the Grantor was subject at 
the same moment, unless, indeed, they were such as could be can- 
celled by consent of the Crown. What the Grantor conferred in 
almoign was his whole personal interest, however encumbered. 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD TO EVESHAM ABBEY. 185 

What he could not confer in almoign was the military service, due 
to himself perhaps, but due also to the Crown, through himself, as 
mediate. 

The date when its quota of knights'-fees was settled by the 
Crown on this or that Barony, is always uncertain. Some Baronies 
were so assessed before the date of Domesday, others in the time of 
William Eufus and of Henry L, at whose death (A.D. 1135) the 
feodal system was technically taken to have been complete. There 
are 'hints in Domesday that the Staffordshire Baronies were organ- 
ized before the date of that Eecord. 

Summarily, there is not a word in Domesday (A.D. 1086), nor in 
Kobert de Stafford's Grant to Evesham (A.D. 1088) to discourage 
the theory that Glodoen held Wrottesley by service of a knight's- 
fee, and that Gislebert held Loynton by soke-service, under Eobert 
de Stafford, at both dates. 

And it must not be thought that the conferring a knight's service on 
a Mesne-lord was inconsistent with the idea of a gift in pure almoign. 
In matters such as personal service and scutage the Mesne-lord 
took nothing but what he handed over to his Suzerain ; but in 
matters of heriot, or wardship, or relief, or marriage, the profits 
arising from the Subtenant's estate stopped with his immediate 
superior, and might, contingently, form a very substantial almoign. 

It is obvious that under the above Charter the services of Eobert 
de Stafford's Tenants afWrottesley and at Loynton, viz., of Glodoan 
and Gilbert, become immediately due to Evesham Abbey. But, as 
has been said before, Wrottesley being a military fee, the Abbot 
will have still held it mediately, that is, been bound to transfer the 
personal service of the Subtenant to the Baron Stafford of the day,- 
who in turn owed it to the Crown. 

The succession of .Subtenants, both in Wrottesley and Loynton, 
vanishes for the period next after Domesday. It is certain, as 
another Charter will show us, that, the tenure of Gilbert and his 
heirs having expired, Loynton fell to the redisposal of the Abbot of 
Evesham. It is highly probable, as ulterior phcenomena suggest to 
us, that, the tenure of Glodoen or his heirs having expired at Wrot- 
tesley, the Abbot of Evesham eiifeoffed a new knight, whose 
enfeoffment consisted of less than the whole of the Domesday Manor 
of Wrottesley, and that the residue was given to a soke-tenant, 
whose service to the Abbey was a pecuniary rent. 



186 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULAEY. SERIES I. 

THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 

SERIES I. NUMBER III. 

ANNO DOMINI CIRCA 1130-1149, TKM. HEN. I. OR STEPHEN. 

REGINALD, ABBOT OF EVESHAM'S GKANT OF LOYNTON TO ROBERT DUNHAM. 

(From an exemplification and Certificate by John, Abbot of Evesham, 

dated 16th April, 1316 the Original at Wrottesley.) 



Universis presentes literas inspecturis, Johannes permissione 
divina Abbas Eveshamie salutem in domino sempiternam. Noverint 
universitas vestra quod nos literam subscriptam in thesauraria 
nostra Eveshamense penes nos habemus cirographam. "Hec est 
conventio facta inter Reginaldum Abbatem de Evesham et Conven- 
tum ejusdem ecclesie et inter Robertum Duneham, quod ipse 
dominus Reginaldus Abbas et conventus concedunt huic Roberto 
quendam terram Livuntunam nomine reddendo inde unam marcam 
argenti per singulos annos ad festivatatem Sancti Egwini quamdin 
ipse Robertus vixit et non hereditarie His testibus Willelmo de 
Sevecurdia, Pagano filio Ranulfi, Willelmo dapifero, Constantino." 
Sine dubio de verbo ad verbum talis est litera que manet penes nos. 
In cujus rei testimonium sigillum nostrum presentibus fecimus, 
apponi. Datum apud Evesham sexto decimo Kalend. maii anno 
regni Regis Edwardi filii Regis Edwardi nono. 

NOTES. 

Reginald, Abbot of Evesham (1130-1149), grants Loynton to 
Robert Dunham for life, and for a rent of one merk, payable 
annually on December 30th. The witnesses of Abbot Reginald's 
Deed were. 

WILLS DE SEVECURDIA (the Abbot's Tenant at Weston, Glouces- 
tershire) ; PAGAN FILIUS RANULFI ; WILLELMUS DAPIFER (Steward 
of the Abbey) ; and CONSTANTINUS (who held five houses in 
Evesham of the Abbey). 

Abbot Reginald's Deed, though of little importance as regards 
persons, shows us something of the law and practise in regard to 
ancient tenures. 

Gilbert, the Domesday Tenant of Robert de Stafford at Loynton, 
was not a Tenant by military service. Such a tenure, though it 
might be forfeited, or though the heirs of Gilbert might become ex- 
tinct, could not itself be extinguished. The service due to the Crown 
must be maintained, and, if Gilbert's superior Lord, the Abbot of 
Evesham, could not discharge the service himself, he must provide 



ADA , ABBOT OF EVESHAM, TO SIMON FITZ WILLIAM. 187 

a deputy. No such service was ever rendered or required for 
Loynton. It was, therefore, no military tenement. 

Whether Gilbert's Domesday Tenure of Loynton was a Soke- 
Tenure, and whether it was hereditary or not, we care not to decide. 
In either case it escheated, by surrender, or forfeiture, or failure of 
heirs, to the Abbot of Evesham. ' Hence' the tenure, not being 
military, could be renewed by the Abbot in what form he pleased. 
Hence Abbot Eeginald's grant of a lease-for-life to Eobert Duneham. 

There are reasons for concluding that,on or after Eobert Dunham's 
death the Abbot granted Loynton in socage or fee-farm, to William 
de Cocton. We shall see, too, that in 1163-4 the Abbot granted 
the same estate to Simon, son of the said William, to' hold as mesne- 
lorol over his father, while the father lived, and afterwards to Simon 
and his heirs on certain covenants, the breach of which was to give 
the Abbot a right of re-entry. 

Now these terms are irreconcileable with a feoffment by 
military service. A feoffment all military feoffments were to 
the Grantee and his heirs, but the descent could not be vitiated by 
a private arrangement like this. If diverted, the division must 
have had the consent of the Suzerains in this case, of the Baron 
Stafford and the King. 

.THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULAEY. 
SEEIES I. NUMBER IV. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1163-1164, 9-10 HEN. II. 
ADAM, ABBOT OF EVESHAM, GEANTS WROTTESLEY AND THE SERVICE OF LOYNTON 

TO SIMON FITZ WILLIAM. 
(From the Original Deed at Wrottesley.) 



Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego A. Abbas et Conventus 
Eveshamensis ecclesie concessimus in feodum et hereditatem Simoni 
filio, Willelmi de Coctuna et heredibus suis Wrotteslegiam et 
Livintunam pro duabus marcis ut eae teneat reddendo inde pro 
omnibus servitiis singulis annis unam marcham in -Annunciatione 
beate Marie et aliam in Nativitate beate Marie liberas et quietas ab 
omni servitio salvo servitio Eegis et salva ipsi Willelmo de Livin- 
tuna tenuria sua, ita quidem ut Simoni faciat servitium quod 
consuevit facere Abbati et Ecclesie. Pro hac concessione quam 
fecimus ei, ipse Simon clamavit quietam omnem querelam et calup- 
niam de se et de omnibus heredibus suis in perpetuum de Mortuna 
et de terra de Nortuna et de terra de Hamtun et de illo maisiagio 
de Evesham et quod defendet easdem terras contra omnes calup- 



188 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES I. 

niatores. Qui si ab hac defensione quocunque modo defecerit, 
recipiat Abbas et ecclesia terras predictas liberas, et teneat eas 
semper absque omni reclamatione Simonis et omnium suorum. Si 
post obitum ipsius Simonis mota fuerit querela de supradictis 
terris adversus ecclesiam, heredes ipsius Simonis stabunt in defen- 
sione ista pro ecclesia in loco patris sui et si defecerint recipiat 
ecclesia terras suas liberas et quietas ab omni calupnia ipsorum. His 
testibus, Philippo dapifero, Pagano clerico, Willelmo de Tiwe, 
Hingeran de Humet, Jordano fratre suo, Barthramo de Verdun, 
Alexandro de Claverlega, Eodberto Pincerna Waltero Bret, Gwiot 
de Verdun, Kadulpho de Meilnil, Roelend de Verdum. 

NOTES. 

Adam, Abbot of Evesham (succeeded 1160, deceased 1191), grants 
Wrottesley and Loynton to Simon, son of William de Coughton, for 
two merks annual rent, conditioned that Royal services shall not be 
affected by the contract; conditioned also that Simon's father, 
William (ipse Willielmus), shall retain his tenure of Loynton, 
rendering such service to Simon (his. son in fact) as he had been 
wont to render to the Abbot. 

It has been said Jthat the following entry in the liber Niger 
return of March, 1166, seems irreconcileable with a Deed which 
must have preceded or immediately followed it. The entry is under 
the Fief of Robert de Stafford 

"Abbas de Evesham tenet feodum i. militis quod Adam de 
Wroteslege tenet de ipso." (Hearne's Liber Niger, L, 138.) 

There are two ways of looking at this difficulty. It was quite 
possible that a manor, originally one and the same, might come to 
be held by a double tenure by one tenant under two different 
Lords, by two different services, or by two tenants under one Lord, 
each tenant rendering his special service. Thus we. may suppose 
that Adam de Wrottesley, possibly a relation, . possibly a godson of 
Adam, Abbot of Evesham, had been enfeoffed in Wrottesley for the 
service due from the Abbot to the Barony of Stafford, and so to the 
Crown ; and we also suppose that there was a sort of soke estate in 
Wrottesley (as well as in Loynton) which the Abbot leased at a 
fee-farm rent or rents to whom he chose, whether to Adam de 
Wrottesley or to another. 

On the other hand we might surmise that Adam de Wrottesley, 
already holding Wrottesley by the two-fold service of a knight's 
fee and a fee-farm rent, was subjected by his Suzerain, the Abbot, 
to the mesne seigneury of Simon fitz William; but such an ar- 



ADAM, ABBOT OF EVESHAM, TO SIMON FITZ WILLIAM. 189 

rangement, if not incompatible with the language of the Abbot's 
Charter, is hardly reconcileable with the language of the Liber 
Niger, which says nothing of any mesne-lord between Adam de 
Wrottesley and the Abbot of Evesham. 

We are bound to investigate this Charter the more closely in 
that it is an undoubted and genuine original ; and when compared 
with other coeval phenomena will afford us certain principles of 
feudal law and usage of great avail in the examination of other 
cases. We proceed to dissect the Charter. 

In Domesday (Fo. 175.b. , Worcestershire), the following Manors 
are the Abbot of Evesham 's : 

Mortune (five hides, in Esch Hundred, underheld by one Eanulf ) ; 
Nortuna (seven hides, in Fissesberge Hundred, underheld only by 
Villeins, &c.) ; and Hantun (five hides, in Oswaldeslow Hundred, 
underheld only by Villeins). If, on Simon fitz William's death, the 
Abbey should be sued for these Worcestershire estates, Simon's 
heirs were to defend the Abbot's title in place of their father. If 
they failed, the Abbey should recover its lands (Wrottesley and 
Loynton) free of all claim on -their part. 

Our next quotation is from the Pipe-Eolls. 

In 13 Henry II. (1167), " Wrotteslega Simonis r.c. de dimid. 
marc. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E." This was a Forest Fine. It simply 
proves that Simon fitz William was Lord of Wrottesley, or a part 
of Wrottesley, at the time, not that he personally paid the Fine. 
He can only have been Lord, or joint Lord, of Wrottesley in virtue 
of the Deed. I need hardly add that in my conviction. Wrottesley 
Simonis was so called in this instance to distinguish Simon's Soke- 
estate, whose occupants had transgressed the law, from Adam de 
Wrottesley's estate, which was not amerced. 

The witnesses of this Charter are auxiliary to our proof of its 
date. These are. 

PHILIP DAPIFER. Steward of Evesham Abbey witnesses other 
Deeds of Abbot Adam held lands of the Abbey. 

PAGAN CLERICUS. An Officer and Tenant of the Abbey ; attests 
Deeds of the Abbots Maurice (inter 1121-1130), .Reginald (1130- 
1149), and Adam (1160-1191). 

WILLS D.E TIWE. A Worcestershire Tenant of Evesham Abbey. 

HlNGEKANUS DE HlJMET, JORDANUS FRATEK SUITS. Their father 

was not in England any time between November, 1164 and 1167. 
The two brethren with their relative 
BERTRAM DE VERDON are noticed for their Loyalty in the rebellion 



190 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES I. 

of 1173, and were together in King Henry's Court at Valognes, 
December 8th, 1174. 

ALEXANDER DE CLAVERLEGA. This is the ' Alexander Clericus ' 
who succeeded to the Shrievalty of Staffordshire at Michaelmas, 
1160, and who nominally, officiated till Easter, 1166. In 1166-7 
Alan de Neville, Justice of the Forest, visiting Staffordshire, amerced 
Alexander de Claverlega in a sum of ten merks.. Five merks were 
paid in 1167 to the Sheriff of Staffordshire. The balance (see 
W.S.Cbll. 1. 49, 52) was to be collected in Shropshire, where Claverley 
was. So at Michaelmas, 1168, the Sheriff of Shropshire reports as 
follows : 

" Alexander de Claverlega r.c. de 5 marcis quse requirebantur in 
Stafordescr'. In thesauro 2 marc. Et debet 3 marcas." This 
balance of three merks was liquidated by Alexander de Claverley 
in 1169. (Eot. Pip. 15 Henry II., Salop.) 

At a trial coram Eege 6 Hen. 3 (1221-2) between the King and 
John fitz Philip (of Bobington) respecting the Advowson of the 
Church of Bobinton, the Jury said that one Alexander de Ludeston, 
who had been Sheriff of Staffordshire and Custodian of the (King's) 
Manor of Claverlegh, and patron (sic) of the Church of Claverlegh 
by the gift^of the King, had presented a certain Odo, a Clerk, to the 
Church of Bobinton, as a Chapelry belonging to the Church of 
Claverlegh, on the part of the King. 

This is easily explained. Alexander was presented by Henry II. 
to the Deanery of Brug (now Bridgenorth). The Dean of Brug was 
ex-officio Incumbent of the Church of Claverley. The Dean was 
probably called " De Ludeston," as having been a native of Ludston 
in Claverley parish. 

EGBERT PINCERNA. His antecessor, Fulco, had held the Warwick- 
shire Manor of Oversley under the Comte de Meulan in 1086. 
Eobert still retained the Manor, holding it probably of the Earl of 
Leicester. He had his name of Pincerna as being, by inheritance, 
Butler to those Earls. 

He was a tenant of Evesham Abbey at Wixford (Warwickshire) 
and at Grafton. 

WALTER BRET (usually " Brito ") was Steward of the Household 
to Eichard de Humez, Constable of Normandy. (See Charters of 
De Humez in Harleian Collection.) 

GWIOT DE -VERDUN, sometimes called Wido or Guy, occurs fre- 
quently with Bertram de Verdun in testing clauses of this period. 

EADULFUS DE MEILNIL, was, like De Verdon, of kin to the Con- 



ADAM, ABBOT OF EVESHAM, TO SIMON FITZ WILLIAM. 191 

stable, and witness of Deeds both of the Constable, Richard, and 
his son and successor, William. 

ROELEND DE VEKDUN. A tenant of Betram in the Liber Niger 
(1166), where he is written " Ruelen." A witness with Bertram in 
other Deeds. 

The same witnesses- attest a parallel release by " Ranulf, son of 
William de Cocton " to the Abbey, of Morton, Norton, and Hampton, 
already mentioned (Supra, p. 187.) This Ralph is he who appears in 
1166 as a stipendiary knight of the Abbey. " Radulfus de Cacton 
facit plenum servicium unius militis in equis et armis et Abbas 
invenit ei expensas quamdiu fuerit in servicio Regis." (L. N. 175.) 

THE DATE OF THIS DEED is between 1160 and 1165, for it is 
incredible that Alexander de Claverley can have attested in any 
other capacity than as Sheriff of Staffordshire ; and in February, 
1166, he had ceased to discharge the active duties of that office. 

Further, the Deed passed at some period when the Constable, 
De Humez, was with the King and his Court in England: 

Henry landed in England after about four and a half years ab- 
sence on January 25th, 1163. The Constable was with the King 
till March, 1164, when he was despatched on urgent matters to 
France. There is some appearance of the Constable being again in 
England in October, 1164; but in February, 1165, the Court left 
England and did not return till May, It remained in England till 
May, 1166, but there is no symptom of De Humez having been in 
attendance. 

The date of the Deed would thus seem to be 1163-4. 

So then the Deed of .1163-4, chronologically antecedent of the 
record of 1166, made no mention of Adam de Wrottesley. If 
Wrottesley were an undivided estate, the inference would be that, 
in the interval between 1163 and 1166, either Simon fitz William 
and the Abbot of Evesham agreed in subinfeuding Wrottesley to 
the said Adam de Wrottesley, or else they agreed that being pre- 
viously 'enfeoffed by the Abbot, he should remain as tenant-iii-fee 
under Simon. 

Now, inasmuch as I find Adam de Wrottesley attesting a Stafford 
Deed as early, perhaps, as the year 1161, it is probable that he was 
seized of Wrottesley, or part of Wrottesley, before the Abbot's 
Charter ; and it follows imperatively from the Liber Niger that the 
grant to Simon did not supersede Adam's possession. 

The four Charters, which we have now examined, and collated 
with contemporary evidences, seem to consist with only one con- 



192 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHAKTULARY. SEEIES I. 

elusion, viz., that Adam de Wrottesley's feoffment and position at 
Wrottesley had nothing whatever to do with Simon de Cbcton's 
tenure and position at Wrottesley and Loynton. 

Wrottesley, the Manor, was held by a military tenure. The 
ordinary expectation would be that the Knight holding Wrottesley 
in 1166 would have been the descendant or lineal representative of 
the Domesday Glodoen. But it may have happened that Glodoen 
or his successor resigned or forfeited the feoffment, or that the line 
of Glodoen expired without heirs. In any such case the fee es- 
cheated to the Suzerain, and he must appoint a military tenant, giving 
him such land as would attract, or at least satisfy, a new feoffee. 

In any such case it is supposable that the Suzerain (the Abbot of 
Evesham), finding Wrottesley more than sufficient for a knight's 
fee, created a Soke of the residue, which Soke Abbot Adam entailed 
under certain conditions on Simon fitz William, whose father was 
already the Abbot's Soke-Tenant at Loynton. 

At this rate there will have been, in the t year 1166, two estates 
in Wrottesley and one in Loynton held under Evesham Abbey. 
Subsequent evidences suggest that these three estates, sometime 
thus severed, were afterwards united under one tenant. 

In the year 1291, the "Lord of Wrottesley" paid 'a rent of two 
merks annually to Evesham Abbey. The Lord of Wrottesley will, 
therefore, have held Loynton and the Soke estate at Wrottesley as 
successor or representative of Simon fitz William. He also held a 
knight's fee in Wrottesley per medium of the Abbot of Evesham, 
who held of the Baron Stafford, who held of the Crown. This 
" Lord of Wrottesley " then was clearly the heir lineal of the fee 
once held by Adam de Wrottesley. 

It is more than credible,, it is highly probable, that such a com- 
bination of tenures should take place. A disentail of the soke and 
a purchase thereof by the knight-tenant might effect such a com- 
bination. A marriage between the heir of one family and the 
heiress of the other might effect it. Any daughter of the house of 
Coughton marrying a knight of Wrottesley might have had the 
soke estate as a maritagium, and so conveyed it to her husband. 

It is remarkable that the father of that Sir William de Wrottesley 
who held the fee, and probably the soke, of Wrottesley from 1199 
to 1242 was named Simon ; that is two generations, subsequent to 
the generation of Adam de Wrottesley, bore the Coughton. names, 
Simon and William, rather than the Wrottesley name, Adam. 

At still later periods we are told of law-Suits, where the point 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD II. TO EVESHAM ABBEY. 193 

in dispute was whether Wrottesley was held of the Abbot .of 
Evesham by military service or by socage. It was really held by 
both services, but the older distinction had been obliterated by some 
such combination as has been above suggested. The tenant of both 
estates did not himself know which part of Wrottesley formed the 
fee, and which the soke estate. 

As to Loynton, there seems to be no evidence that after the year 
1291 it was held by any supposable heir of Coughton or of Wrot- 
tesley. This merely illustrates the fact that it was easy to disentail 
a soke estate, settled, as Loynton was, only by such a Charter as 
Abbot Adam's. 



THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAKTULAEY. 

SERIES I. NUMBER V. 
ANNO DOMINI CIRCA 1161-1165, 7-11 HENRY II. 

ROBERT DE STAFFORD II. CONFIRMS HIS GRANDFATHER'S GRANT OF WROTTESLEY 
AND LOYNTON TO EVESHAM ABBEY. 

(From a Copy on Parchment at Wrottesley.) 



Sciant universi tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Eobertus 
de Staffordia et Eobertus filius meus et heres concessimus et 
confirmavimus et presenti scripto atque sigillo corroboravimus 
donation es terrarum illarum scilicet Wrottesleie et Livintune quas 
Eodbertus avus meus contulit et pater meus Nicholaus concessit 
Ecclesie de Evesham et monachis ibidem deo servientibus ut pre- 
nominata ecclesia terras illas predictas habeat et possideat in puram 
atque perpetuam elemosinam atque in perpetuum teneat predicta 
Ecclesia predictas terras liberas et quietas et solutas ab omni 
exactione et seculari servitio tarn regio quam ad me et ad heredes 
meos pertinente in sylvis, in pratis, et in pascuis et in omnibus 
aysiamentis que ad predictas villas pertinent. Hiis testibus Eodberto 
filio Odonis, Willielmo de Witteleia et Eodberto fratre ejus, Gode- 
frido Bras et Johanne Constabulario, Eogero de Ulehale, Eodberto 
clerico et pluribus aliis. 

NOTES. 

THIS CHARTER is a mere confirmation of the Charter of 1088 (No. 
II). Therefore it does not touch on the military fee of Wrottesley, 
which was the Abbot's by a prescriptive and indisputable title. The 
3oke-lands confirmed are pronounced to be " free and quit, and re- 
.eased from all exaction and secular service, whether Eoyal service 
>r service to the Grantor or his heirs " words which cannot have 





194 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES I. 



applied to a military feoffment. The Confirmation was probably 
sought by the Evesham Monks to enable Abbot Adam to make a 
good and clear title to the precise lands which he was proposing to 
underlet to Simon fitz William. (See Charter IV.) 

GENEALOGICALLY this Charter is of value as naming the four first 
generations of the older line of Stafford, viz., Eobert L, Nicholas, 
Eobert II., and Eobert III., the last probably a mere boy at the time. 

The date (circa 3163) which I venture to assign to this Charter 
is supported by the names of most of the witnesses. 

EGBERT FITZ ODO was of Loxley (Warwickshire). He was tenant 
of many estates under the Stafford Barons. He was son of Odo, 
and Odo was son of Hugh, the Domesday Tenant. Eobert was 
living in 1166, and was deceased in 1179. 

WILLIAM DE WHITLEY held Whitley (Warwickshire) of Eobert 
de Stafford II. He was living in 1166. His predecessor, apparently 
living as late as 1161, was Matthew de.Whitley. 

GODFREY BRAS was of Sardon (Staffordshire), but not that I can 
find an immediate tenant of the Baron Stafford. He attests Deeds 
earlier than this, but none later than 1166. 

JOHN CONSTABLE. This I imagine was John, afterwards called 
De Lacy, Constable of Chester. If so, he was grandson of Eustace 
fitz John, who fell in the affair of Counsylth, in July, 1157. He 
was then under age. If I mistake not, he held Caldon (Stafford- 
shire) under Eobert de Stafford, but not (at this date) .by ordinary 
military service. To this matter we will recur. 

EOGER DE ULLENHALE was of Ullenhall (Warwickshire), a 
Domesday Manor of Eobert de Stafford I., written as ' Holehale ' in 
that Eecord. 

EODBF.RTUS CLERICUS was probably Eobert Bagot, a Clerk, who 
appears in other documents of the period as attendant on Eobert de 
Stafford II. He was, perhaps, that brother of Hugh Bagot who 
was sub-tenant of Eobert fitz Odo at Coton (Warwickshire). (See 
Collections, Vol. L, pp. 167-8.) 



NICHOLAS DE STAFFOED TO KENILWORTH PRIORY. 195 

THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 

SERIES II. NUMBER I. 

ANNO DOMINI CIRCA 1122-1125. 23-26 HENRY I. 

NICHOLAS DE STAFFORD CONCEDES IDLICOTE TO KENILWORTH PRIORY. 

(From the Kenilworih Chartulary, Harleian MS. 8650.) 



Nicholaus filius Robert! de Stadford omnibus hominibus suis et 
ceteris fidelibus et amicis suis salutem. Sciatis me concessisse in 
elemosinam ecclesiae Sanctse Marise de Kiningwurde et canonicis 
ejusdeni eccleske Udelicotam manerium quod Gaufridus de Clintona 
de me tenebat. Concessi autem ita pro anima patris mei et animS, 
matris mese et aliorum parentum meorum et mea, quod eadem 
ecclesia et canonici ejusdem ecclesiae absolute et in perpetuum 
habeant illud manerium quietum de servitio unius militis quod 
Gaufridus pro eodem manerio mihi debebat, de omni expeditione 
infra Angliam vel extra Angliam, de denariis militum, quando et 
quocunque modo evenerint et absolute et definite dico quietum de 
omni servitio et auxilio et omni re erga regem et erga me et erga 
heredes meos exceptis communibus geldis regis qute comuniter 
erunt in comitatu vel in hundredo. Concessi etiam eisdem canonicis 
pratum de Tiveshou quod Gaufridus de Clintona de me emit, sicut 
ipse Gaufridus illud tenebat sine omni calumpnia vel contradictione. 
Haric concessionem feci ego petitione ipsiusGaufridi, ita quod Gaufri- 
dus pro hac concessione dedit michi v. marcas argenti et Mathildi 
uxori mee ii. marcas argenti. Hujus autem concessionis sunt testes ; 
WillelmusConstabularius Comitis Cestrie,Hugo Malbeeng, Siwardus 
filius Turchilli, Willelmus de Clintona, Rogerus filius Radulfi, Radul- 
fus filius Brientii, Bagot, Odo filius Hugonis,Walterus filius Willelmi, 
Robertus filius Ehelen, Mathias de Witheleia, Radulfus filius 
Juhelli, Enisan filius Ernaldi, Juichellus filius Episcopi, Gislebertus 
Argentuem, Rainaldus Dapifer, Main collector, Ulfer, Gernagued, 
Noe, Gaufridus de Alvers, Anschetillus dapifer Gaufridi de Clintona, 
Rogerus Vicecomes, Nicholaus clericus, Chetelbernus homo Siwardi. 
Apud Stanlegam manerium Regis in domo Aldredi presbiteri. 

NOTES. 

The received date of Geoffrey de Clinton's foundation of Kenil- 
worth'is A.D. 1122. This Charter may safely be taken to have 
passed, circa 1122-1125, for it is relevant to one of probably the 
first of Clinton's endowments of the Canons of Kenilworth. 

Udelicota, called Etelincote in Domesday, was in the Warwick- 
shire Hundred of Fexhele (Domesday, Fo. 242-b. 1). It is now 
known as Idlicote. It was held A.D. 1086 in demesne by Robert 






196 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

de Stafford, as was also the great Manor of Tiheshoche. The latter 
was in the same Hundred as Etelincote ; and it may he seen on a 
modern map as Middle Tysoe, lying about four miles eastward of 
Idlicote. 

The annual value recorded by Domesday for Etelincote was 8, 
that recorded for Tiheshoche was 30. The former contained no 
meadow-land, the latter contained sixteen acres. 

It would seem that about 1110-1120 Nicholas de Stafford, the 
son and successor of Eobert, enfeoffed Geoffrey de Clinton, a 
favourite officer of Henry L, in Idlicote, to hold by service of one 
knight's-fee. Clinton doubtless purchased this feoffrnent. He also 
purchased some of the Tysoe meadow-land, described in the Charter 
as the pratum de Tiveshou. 

Clinton, in due course, desiring to bestow these acguisita on his 
Canons of Kenil worth, was obliged to deal with his Suzerain. He 
gained the Baron's consent by paying a sort of Fine, viz., 3 6s. Sd. 
to the Over-Lord, and 1 6s. Sd. to the Over-Lord's wife, Matilda. 
Thus a knight's fee was lost to the Barony of Stafford. The tran- 
saction, ordinarily illegal and impossible, was firm and good, as 
being expressly sanctioned by King Henry I. 

The testing Clause of this Charter is of great interest, for it 
exhibits many changes which had taken place in the forty years 
which had elapsed since Domesday. 

WILLIAM, CONSTABLE OF THE EARL OF CHESTER, .was William 
fitz Nigel, Baron of Halton. At the date 'of Domesday he had not 
long succeeded to his father Nigel. He was now, therefore, some 60 
years of age. He is said to have been surviving in A.D. 1133, but 
quantum ad sceculum, he was deceased three years earlier, and his 
son had come into notoriety. I think that these Constables of 
Chester held Caldon under the Barons Stafford. 

HUGH MALBEENG was another Cheshire Baron and a Stafford- 
shire landholder. He was son of William Malbedeng, the Cheshire 
Baron of 1086. 

SIWARD FITZ TURCHIL also represents a Domesday father, viz., 
Turchil de Warwick. t 

WILLIAM DE CLINTON was a Contemporary of Geoffrey. Perhaps 
he was Geoffrey's brother ; but I cannot prove it. The name of 
that brother of Geoffrey de Clinton who was progenitor of the 
House of Maxtock and father of Bishop Clinton, has not been re- 
vealed to me. 

EOGER FITZ EALPH. His position in the testing clause argues 






NICHOLAS DE STAFFORD TO KENILWORTH PRIORY. 197 

him to have been a knight of corresponding importance. I have 
found nothing of him in any other Record. 

EALPH FITZ BRIAN. Brian, the father of Ralph, was Domesday 
Tenant of Robert de Stafford in several Manors in Staffordshire, 
in Warwickshire, and in Lincolnshire. 

BAGOT, like William n'tz Nigel, was, perhaps, a survivor of the 
Domesday eera. His only tenure, under Robert de Stafford in A.D. 
1086, was Bramshall. Bagot's position in this testing clause 
indicates a considerable increase of his Domesday tenure under 
Stafford. 

ODO FITZ HUGH. Robert de Stafford's. Domesday Tenant. Hugh, 
held four estates in Staffordshire two in Warwickshire and one in 
Lincolnshire. His son, Odo, probably increased these fjeoffments. 
Robert fitz Odo, who, thirty years later, had succeeded Odo, was 
Tenant or Mesne-Tenant of no less that four knight's-fees under 
Robert de Stafford, son of Nicholas. 

WALTER FITZ WILLIAM. In A.D. 1086, Willehnus was the Staf- 
ford -Tenant at Clotone (Clopton), Warwickshire. This witness, 
Walter, I presume to have been also tenant of Clopton. Whether 
William fitz Walter, holding A.D. 1166, a quarter-fee (or, as the 
context seems to indicate, a whole fee) under Robert de Stafford 
were of Clopton and grandson of the Domesday Tenant, I will not 
decide. It seems, at any rate, that he was not sole tenant of 
Clopton (See Collections, I., 184). 

ROBERT FITZ EHELEN. The father's name has been spelt with 
extraordinary variety. In the Staffordshire Domesday, holding 
Swynnerton of Robert de Stafford, his name is given as Aslen, in 
the Lincolnshire Domesday as Edelo. In later Records as Ehelen, 
Eslenem, and Aeleni. 

MATHIAS DE WITHELEIA was probably Nicholas- de Stafford's 
tenant at Whitley, near Henley (Warwickshire). In the Liber 
Niger^ (A.D. 1166) Willehnus de Witeleia holds one-fourth of a 
knight's-fee in Stafford's Barony. 

RADULFUS FILUS JUHELLI. The name here written Juhellus 
stands, I think, in the printed Domesday as " Ludichel." If so 
Juhellus and his son Ralph were successive Feoffees in Stafford's 
Warwickshire Manor of Longelei (Langley), which, like Whitley, 
was near to Henley. It has been shown elsewhere (Collections, I., 
187) that, in time of Henry II., Robert de Curli, son of William de 
Curli, was probably holding Langley and therewith Norton, as a 
knight's fee in the Barony of Stafford. 



198 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES It. 



Judikell, Chaplain of Nicholas de Stafford, was Incumbent of 
Tishoe at this period. He was possibly another son of Juhellus. 
It is no argument against any of these possibilities that the 
Ludichel of 1072 and of Domesday (1086) was a Priest. (Vide 
Supra p. 181.) But the possibility before hinted, viz., that 
Ludichel the Priest of 1072 and 1086 was identical with Judi- 
kellus, the Priest who survived Nicholas de Stafford, vanishes in 
the greater possibility that the latter Priest was son of the former 
Priest. 

ENISAN FILIUS ERNALDI. Ernald stands in Domesday as De 
Stafford's tenant at Walton (in Stone). Enisan was his son, and 
occurs with a second Ernald his son before and after the year 1130. 
Within five years of that date, Enisan de Walton being dead, his 
son Ernald (II.) succeeded him. In turn, Ernald was succeeded by 
a son, Ivo, and Ivo fitz Ernald was the Stafford Tenant of 1166 (see 
W. S. Collections, I., 178). This, then, is an instance where the 
.Tenant of A.D. 1086 is represented by a son in 1126, by a grand- 
son in 1136, and by a great-grandson in 1166. 

JUICHELLUS FILIUS Episcopi. A second son, I presume, of 
Bishop Eobert Peche, who, dying in 1126, left a son, Richard, 
who for thirty-five years held the Archdeaconry of Coventry, and, 
succeeding (A.D. 1161) to the Bishoprick of Coventry, died 6th 
October, 1182. 

ULFER.' Possibly identical with Urfer, Domesday tenant of three 
Manors under the first Baron Stafford, and ancestor of the knightly 
.race of De Haughton ; possibly a Stafford Tenant, afterwards 
known as Ulfer de Copenhale. 

GERNAGUED, though not named in Domesday, was a survivor of 
the Domesday sera. He attested a Charter of the first Baron 
Stafford in A.D. 1088. 

ROGER VICECOMES. A Sheriff, obviously of Warwickshire, but 
new to the lists He probably was the immediate predecessor of 
Geoffrey de Clinton himself in that office ; which the latter, at 
Michaelmas,1130,had held for one year at least.and possibly for more. 

This Charter is dated Apud Stanlegam Manerium Regis. Stone- 
leigh was a Royal Manor at the date of Domesday, and continued 
so for years after the passing of this Charter. I need hardly point 
out that Stoneleigh stands half-way between Kenilworth and Robert 
de Stafford's Manor of BubenhalL 



GEOFFREY DE CLINTON TO KENILWORTH PRIORY. 199 

THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHARTULAEY. 

SERIES II. NUMBER II. 

A.NNO DOMINI, CIRCA, 1122-1125, 23-26 HENRY I. 
GEOFFREY DE CLINTON TO KENILWORTH PRIORY. 

(From the Kenihoorth Chartulary, Harleian MS. 3650.) 



Uirlversis Santae Ecclesise fidelibus G. de Clinton, Salutem* 
Sciant omnes tarn poster! quam presentes quod ego pro redemptione 
peccatorum meorum et pro salute domini mei H. regis dedi et in 
elemosinam concessi esclesiaj Sanctse Mariie de Kenilwurde et 
Canonicis ibi Deo servientibus manerium de Hichendon cum omni- 
bus pertinentiis suis liberum et quietum de omni servitio et auxilio 
seculari preter communia gelda regis et feci hoc concessione domini 
mei Henrici regis ex cujus dono et dominio idem manerium teneo 
assensu etiam et petitione Gaufridi de Sancto Eoerio qui eandem 
terram de Hichendon de me tenebat. Preterea concede eisdem 
canonicis Ecclesiam de Stanes cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in 
perpetuam et liberam elemosinam quam eis adquisivi ex dono 
Enisani in cujus dominio et assensu Nicholai de Stafford in cujus 
feodo ipsa ecclesia fundata est. His testibus Hugone de Legrecestre 
Gaufrido Luvet, Eadulfo Pincerna, et Willelmo filio ejus, Eicardo 

(de Torneriis, Gudmund, et Eogero merulam de Hichendon, Alex- 
andro, et Ernaldo, et Eoberto filio Pagani, et multis aliis. Valete. 
NOTES. 

Hitchenden, the Manor conveyed by this Charter, is in Bucking- 
hamshire; so the witnesses' names have little to do with Staffordshire. 
However, about the time when Geoffrey de Clinton is said to have 
founded Kenil worth, viz., about A.D. 1122, Hugh de Leicester, the 
first witness, seems to have been Sheriff of several Counties. 
Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, and Northamptonshire were among 
them. There are other indications that this Deed conveys some of 
Clinton's earliest endowments to Kenilworth. No Prior of Kenil- 
worth was as yet appointed. The purchase of Stone Church from 
Enisan de Walton was the first of several acquisitions in that 
quarter ; and in making that purchase Clinton had only to do with 
Nicholas de Stafford as Lord of the Fee, and not with his son Eobert 
also. I do not hesitate to date this Charter as circa A.D. 1122- 
1125. It is true and quite intelligible that Eobert fitz Pain, a 
witness of Clinton's Charter, should seem to be living forty years 
later. Such a person, or more probably his son of the same name, 
held in A.D. 1166 two knight's fees in the Barony of De Stafford, 
and part at least of that tenement appears to have been in the 
parish of Stone. (See W. S. Collections, I., 173.) 



200 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

And now about the " Church of Stanes." Domesday presents us 
with no Manor of Stanes. Stanes was not a Manor in fact ; it was 
only a parcel of dedicated ground, containing a Church and perhaps 
a hermitage, perhaps a nunnery, all within the then reputed Manor 
of Walton. What Domesday says on the point consists with, but 
does not establish, that theory. The theory is established by a 
Combination of the Domesday text and Monastic Legends. Domes- 
day says : 

" Ipse Eotbertus (de Stadford) tenet Waletone et Ernaldus de eo. 
Ibi iv. hidae. Terra est vi. carucis. In dominio est una (caruca) et 
vii. villani et ij. bordarii et v. servi cum presbytero habentes iiij. 
Caracas. Silva 2 quarentinae longa et una (quarentina) lata et 
pratum similiter. Valet 60 solidos. Achil, liber homo, tenuit 
(T.RE.) et unum carucatam terras hujus sorori suse dedit." (Domes- 
day Fo. 248.b. 2.) 

I refer elsewhere for details of the several legends which have 
added great interest to this matter of the Church of Stone. Most 
of them seem to be grounded on fact, some are inaccurately pre- 
served and interpreted. (See W. S. Collections, Vol. I., p. 178 ; 
Erdeswick, Harwood's Edition, pp. 3637, and the Editor's notes 
thereon). Walton I imagine to have been at one time a Eoman 
Station. The Temple of some Heathen Deity is often found to 
have suggested the site of a Christian Church. The Church of St. 
Wulfad at Stone, though indicated in Domesday only by a resident 
Priest, was within the Manor of Walton, and had existed for ages 
previously. It was after the Conquest in the gift or advowson of 
Ernald de Walton, whose son, Enisan, sold it to Geoffrey de Clinton. 
The carucate of land given by Achil, before the Conquest, to his 
Sister, is a most unusual and, on the surface, inexplicable matter 
for Domesday notice. Combined with the Legend of a Nunnery at 
Stone, it becomes interesting and less puzzling. Nothing should 
delight the Antiquary more than to bring to the surface, that germ 
of truth which doubtless belongs to every bona fide tradition. 

Again, one form of the Monastic Legend says that Stone Priory 
was founded by Enisan de Walton, at the dictation of Geoffrey de 
Clinton and Robert (sic) de Stafford, a*nd as an expiation for the 
said Enisan having murdered two Nuns and a Priest at the 
Hermitage of St. Wulfad. Doubtless the original Church and 
Hermitage of St. Wulfad, of Stone, were founded in expiation of a 
murder, but that murder was committed some centuries before 
Enisan de Walton's time. Doubtless, also, there was a second 



'.ENISAN DE WALTON TO BERNARD, PRIOR OF KENILWORTH. 201 

murder, a murder of men not women, at or near Stone, but it was 
perpetrated not by Enisan but by his son, Ernald before the latter 
had succeeded to Walton but after the Church of Stone was 
purchased from Enisan and given to Kenil worth. It was expiated 
moreover, not by any foundation of a Priory, but by a round Fine, 
payable to the Crown, and very possibly inflicted by the Justiciar 
Clinton. (See W. S. Collection, I., 178.) 



THE STAFFOKDSHIKE CHARTULARY. 

SERIES II. NUMBER III. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1130, ANNO 31 HENRY I. 

ENISAN (DE WALTON) AND ERNALD HIS SON TO PRIOR BERNARD (OF KENIL- 
WOUTH) AND HIS CANONS. 

(From the New Monasticon, Vol. VI., Part L, p. 231, Number III.) 



Ego Enisanus et Ernaldus films meus, donavimus et concessimus 
in elemosinam Bernardo Priori et canonicis suis ecclesiam S. Ulfadi 
de Stanes, cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, quse est de feodo nostro, 
liberam et quietam de omni servitio et consuetudine, et exactione 
seculari ad nos, pertinente. Preterea donavimus eidem ecclesise in 
elemosinam, eadem libertate, terrain quam tenuerat Brisardus de 
nobis in Stanis, scilicet waram et dimidiam cum cotlanda. Et in 
Waltona, manerio nostro, concessimus canonicis predictse ecclesise 
similite'r in elemosinam, et eadem libertate, totam terram cum 
hoininibus et ejus pertinentiis quam vendiderunt eis Alanus gener 
meus et filia mea uxor ejus, scilicet unarn waram et duas cotlandas 
cum dominio et prato quod ei in matrimonio dederamus. Donavimus 
etiam mediam partem totius nemoris quod pertinet Waletonae, 
manerio nostro, eisdem canonicis simili libertate. Pro concessione 
vero hujus libertatis, habuit Ernaldus, de Gaufredo de Glintona 
quinquaginta solidos in denariis et unum palefridum viginti solid- 
orum ; et ego, Enisanus, unurn pallium gris.um et uuum palefridum. 

!Hanc antem concessionem in present^ domini Eogeri Episcopi 
nostri fecimus et in manus ejus misimus et eandem heredibus et 
successoribus nostris conservandam statuimus. Ego Rogerus Dei 
gratia Cestrensis Episcopus hiiic donationi et concession! interfui, 
et petitione Enisani et Ernaldi sigillo meo confirmavi. Hujus dona- 
tionis et confirmations sunt testes Normannus Prior de Londoniis, 
Osbertus Prior de Brunfeld, Rogerus Comes de Warwic, Robertus 
f rater ejus, Hugo de Leecester, Normannus de Verdune, Willielmus 
de Greseleia, Ingelger de Buhun, Guillielmus de Boesavilla, Ricardus 



202 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

de Torneriis, Eadulfus dapifer, Willielmus filius ejus, Eicardus Archi- 
diaconus, Willielmus de Vilers, Kicherius de Sancto Laud*o, Kogerus 
Turpis, Osbertus de Bailleol, Eobertus filius, Hugonis, Eobertus 
frater ipsius, Guillielmus de Landa, Guillielmus filius Conani. 

NOTES. 

In a previous Charter (circa 1122-5). Geoffrey de Clinton had 
spoken of his purchase of the Church of Stone from one Enisan, 
with consent of Nicholas de Stafford, Lord of the Fee ; and of his 
(Geoffrey's) gift thereof to the Canons of Kenilworth. 

Since then, Geoffrey de Clinton had increased his purchases at 
Stone and Walton by dealings with Enisan, with Ernald, son of, 
and Alan, son-in-law of, Enisan. 

Enison and his son Ernald now (c. 1130) concur in a formal 
Charter, acknowledging their share in previous transactions-, and 
concurring in Geoffrey de Clinton's almoign. Their acknowledg- 
ment was obviously required to fortify and define the title of Prior 
Bernard and his Church. The speciality of the Charter is that it 
embodies the sanction of Eoger de Clinton, the Bishop of the 
Diocese wherein Stone was situate, but says not a word about the 
contemporary consent of Nicholas de Stafford, the Lord of the Fee. 
That consent is embodied in a separate Charter, which I propose to 
give next in this Series. 

Notes, given with other Charters, will suffice to keep up the 
thread and chronology of the story, which ultimately developed in 
the establishment of an independent Priory at Stone, and caused 
the Priory Church to become the place of sepulture of the Stafford 
Barons. I will here confine my remarks to the persons mentioned 
in this Charter, and the bearings which some of the names have on 
its assumed date. 

ENISAN DE WALTON, son of Ernald, the Domesday Tenant (A.D. 
1086) was himself deceased in or before 1133. 

ERNALD FITZ ENISAN was deceased in 1166. His son, Ivo (the 
Tenant of 1166) was, therefore, Great-Grandson of the Domesday 
Chief. 

GEOFFREY DE CLINTON, the Founder of Kenilworth and pur- 
chaser of Stone Church, was deceased in 1133. 

EOGER DE CLINTON, Bishop of Chester, was consecrated in 
December, 1129. 

NORMANNUS PRIOR DE LONDONIIS. He was founder A.D. 1108, 
under Queen Maude's auspices, of the Priory of the Holy Trinity, 
afterwards called Christ Church, London. It was one of the earliest 



ENISAN DE WALTON TO BERNARD, PRIOK OF KENILWORTH. 203 

Augustine Houses in England. Norman's sera was from 1108 to 
1147, in which latter year he died. . BERNARD, the first PRIOR of 
Kenilworth, was brother of Norman de London. 

OSBERTUS PRIOR DE BRUNFELD. Bromfield, Salop, is said (Mon- 
asticon iv. 155) to have become a Priory in A.D. 1155. This 
Kenilworth Charter exposes the anachronism. 

EOGER, EARL OF WARWICK. Succeeded, 1123 ; died, 1153. His 
daughter, Agnes, was wife of Geoffrey de Clinton's son and suc- 
cessor, Geoffrey. 

EGBERT, HIS (the Pearl's) BROTHER. Robert de Newburgh inherited 
his father's Norman possessions ; and, being at length shorn a 
Monk at Bee, died in Cloister, September, 1158. 

HUGH DE LEICESTER. Had been Sheriff of Lincolnshire in 1121, 
and of Northamptonshire and Leicestershire probably at the same 
time. The Pipe-Roll of 1130 exhibits him as living and discharging 
some portion of antiquated and official indebtedness. 

NORMAN DE VERDUNE. Occurs .from 1130 to 1153. His wife 
was Lescelina, daughter of Geoffrey de Clinton senior. 

WILLIAM DE GRESLEY. Son and successor of Nigel de Stafford, 
the Domesday Baron cousin german, therefore, of Nicholas, the 
existing Baron Stafford. 

INGELGER DE BUHUN. A Norman Justiciar, conspicuous already 
for his forensic talent, and in the days of Stephen for his loyalty to 
the Empress. In March, 1130, Geoffrey de Clinton senior was tried 
for treason at Woodstock. He is said to have escaped conviction 
mainly by the advocacy of his friend, Ingelger de Buhun. The 
latter, I find, was surviving in 1172. 

GUILIELMUS DE BOESAVILLA, with Enjuger de Bohun, had attested 
a Charter of Geoffrey de Clinton senior to Kenilworth, earlier than 
this. (See Monasticon, VI., 221, II.). 

RADULFUS DAPIFER, WILLIAM, HIS SON, and RICHARD ARCH- 
DEACON, attested the same Charter. 

RICARDUS DE TORNERIIS attested (c. 1122-3) Geoffrey de Clinton's 
foundation Charter of Kenilworth (Monasticon, VI., 220, IX). 

RICARDUS ARCHIDIACONUS. Richard Peche, Archdeacon of Co- 
ventry. He held office in or before 1127, and until his consecration 
as Bishop, circa March, 1161. 

WILLIAM DE VILERS. A Prebendary of Lichfield, now probably 
holding the Prebend which was afterwards annexed to the Pre- 

O 

centorship. In or before the year 1139, William de Vilers was 
appointed Archdeacon of Chester. He continued to hold the 



204 .THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

aforesaid Prebend and Archdeaconry till his death, between A.D. 
1155 and 1159, when Bishop Durdent appointed one Robert to be 
Archdeacon of Chester, and gave the late Archdeacon William's 
Prebend to his (Bishop Durdent's) Clerk, Walter. 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER IV. 

. 18TH OCTOBER, ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1130, 31 HENRY I. 
NICHOLAS DE STAFFORD AND ROBERT HIS SON TO BERNARD PRIOR, AND THE 
CANONS, OF KBNILWORTH. 

(From the Cotton MS. Vitellius E. 24, fo. 19. Stone Chartulary.) 



Ego Nicolaus filius Robert! de Stafford et Robertus primogenitus 
ef heres meus pro aniinabus nostris et parentum nostrorum pro 
incolumitate Regis Henrici et statu regni ipsius concedimtis in 
elemosinam Bernardo priori de Kenillwude et canonicis suis ecclesi- 
am Sancti Wlfadi de Stanis que est de feodo nostro cum omnibus 
suis pertinentiis liberam et quietam in perpetuum de omni servitio 
et consuetudine et exactione secular! ad nos pertinente. Preterea 
concedimus in elemosinam eidem ecclesise eadem libertate totam 
terram quam tenuerat Brisardus in Stanis, scilicet Waram et 
dimidiam cum Cotelandis et insuper medietatem totius nemoris 
quod pertinet Waletonas manerio sicut Enisanus et Ernaldus fih'us 
ejus Gaufrido de Clintona ad opus predictse ecclesise vendidit. Con- 
cedimus quoque in elemosinam et simili libertate in Waletona, 
manerio totam terram quam Alanus gener Enisani et uxor ejus filia 
ejusdam Enisani predicto Gaufrido similiter ad opus prefatse ecclesise 
vendiderunt scilicet unam Waram et duas cotelandas cum dominio 
et prato quam Enisanus predictse filise suse in matrimonium dederat. 
Noverint etiam tarn poster! quam presentes quod Enisanus et 
Ernaldus filius eju-s qui de nobis Waletona manerium in feodo 
tenuerant prefatam ecclesiam cum supranominatis terris et medie- 
tate nemoris in elemosinam prius eisdem canonicis concesserant et 
de omni servitio et consuetudine et exactione et omni re ad eos 
pertinente ex toto liberos et quietos clamaverant. Nos quoque ipsis 
presentibus absque omni contradictione et calumpnia hanc ipsorum 
donationem confirmavimus. Preterea quicunque de nostro feodo 
aliquid beneficium sive in terris sive in decimis sive in aliis 
quibuslibet rebus prefatse ecclesiae per nos conferre voluerint, con- 
cedimus et eadem libertate confirmavimus. Precipimus itaque super 
forisfacturam nostram ne aliquis ex nostris de sibi concessis seu 



NICHOLAS DE STAFFORD TO BERNARD, PRIOR OF KENILWORTH. 205 

concedendis sive in bosco sive in piano sive in pratis sive in pas- 
cuis sive in aquis, sive in quolibet alio quodcunque detrahat vel 
diminuat vel inquietet, sed omnia sua perpetua pace habeant et 
absolute et libere et quiete et firmiter teneant. Hanc cartam in 
ecclesia de Stanes xv. kal. Novembris confirmavimus et super altare 
imposuimus Hujus concessionis et confirmationis sunt testes 
Eobertus Archidiaconus de Stafford, Florentius Prior de Wich, 
Eobertus films Stenifin, Godwinus de Gnoweshala, Aldewinus pres- 
biter, Enisanus de Waleton, Eobertus filius Odonis, Eannulfus 
filius Liolfi, Eobertus filius Normanni, Sanson filius Dunewal, Ivo 
Pantulf, Badulfus filius Briani, Walterus filius Willelmi, Herveus 
filius Bagot, Eobertus de Constentin, Ingerannus, Eicardus Meverel, 
Herveus Le Cras, Gerardus et Walterus de Stanes. 

NOTES. 

Tlils Deed passed at Stone on October 18th, and, I think, in the 
year 1130, rather than 1129 or 1131. We have already seen that 
Enisan de Walton, his son, Ernald, and his son-in-law, Alan, had 
concurred in making further sales of land in Stone to Geoffrey de 
Clinton, who bought on behalf of Kenilworth Priory, and whose 
title needed the sanction of Nicholas de Stafford and of his sou and 
declared heir, Eobert. 

Ernald's homicides, committed apparently in 1129, had been 
visited by a Fine of twenty merks, no part of which had been paid 
up to Michaelmas, 1130. I cannot help associating this outstand- 
ing penalty with the necessity for money indicated by the Deed. 

A few remarks on the text of this Deed will establish its 
proximate date : 

It is pro incolumitate Regis Henrici et statu regni ipsius. If 
October 18th, 1130, were its date, Henry I. had recently quitted 
England, and was now in Normandy. 

THE CANONS OF KENILWORTH are again represented by their 
Prior BERNARD. 

ENISAN DE WALTON himself is a witness. He was deceased 
before May, 1133, as also was Geoffrey de Clinton. 

EGBERT FITZ ODO and HERVEY FITZ BAGOT replace, in this Deed, 
Odo fitz Hugh and Bagot, the. witnesses of Charters not eight years 
older. 

EGBERT, ARCHDEACON OF STAFFORD, EALPH FITZ BRIAN and 
WALTER FITZ WILLIAM are names common to this and to one or 
more earlier Deeds. 

EANULF FIL. LIOLFI seems to have been a younger brother of 



' 



206 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

Liulf fil. Liulf, who was witness of a Charter supposed to have passed 
in 1132. 

Ivo PANTULF, Baron of Wem, has occurred to my notice else- 
where, in this very year 1130, and in none earlier. His interests 
in Stone Church were probably connected with his possessions at 
Cublesdon and Stallington, within the parish. 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHAETULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER V. 

29'i-H APRIL, ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1132, 32 HENRY I. 

CONCESSION BY ROBERT DE STAFFORD (n.) OF HIS FATHER NICHOLAS'S GRANT 
TO KENILWORTH PRIORY. 

(From tJie Kenilworth Chartulary, Harleian MS. 3650.) 



Ego Eobertus filius ejusdem Nicholai de Stadford hanc conces- 
sionem quam pater meus fecit concede et pro hac ccncessione dedit 
michi Bernardus prior de Kinnig. xx. solidos presente patre meo 
et hoc idem confirmante. Teste Eogero Episcopo Cestrie et 
Roberto Archidiacono, et Eicardo Archidiacono et Hugone de Clin- 
tona et Mauricio fratre ejus, Gaufrido de Thorp, et filio suo Roberto 
et Eoberto de Chenipetona, Gorsone dapifero Episcopi Cestrie et 
Capellanis ejusdem episcopi, Willelmo deVilers, Eoberto, Osberto, 
Odone et Gisleberto Substancia (sic), Eadulfo filio Briani, Gualtero 
rilio Guillelmi, Gernagoto, Eoberto Perron, Liolfo filio Liulfi, Eoberto 
filio Esluem, Hec concessio facta fuit in domo Sauhali Halbergerii, 
quando concilium celebratum fuit apud Lundon', iii. Kalend. Maii. 

NOTES. 

This " Concession," though purporting to be a mere appendix to 
Series II., lumber L, was by no means coeval with the Charter 
which it ratified. When Eobert de Stafford II. was, let us suppose, 
of full age, his father, Nicholas, being yet alive, Bernard, Prior of 
Kenilworth, thought it prudent to purchase the consent of the heir 
of Nicholas to the previous transaction about Idlicote. 

This " Concession " has a sort of date. It passed on April 29th, 
in some year when there was a Council at London. It contains 
sound indications that it passed either A.D. 1130 or in some later year. 

It is only an hypothesis that this Deed passed April 29th, 1132, 
in January of which year a Council appears to have been held at 
Westminster. 

The witnesses, common to the Charter of Nicholas and the Con- 
cession of his ostensible heir, Robert, are Ralph fitz Brian, Walter 



FINAL CONCORD BETWEEN KEN1LWORTH PRIORY AND HUGH VIGIL. 207 

fitz William, Gernagot, and Eobert fitz Esluem. Among the 
witnesses now imported are 

EOGER, BISHOP OF CHESTER. (He was consecrated December 
22nd, 1129). EGBERT ARCHDEACON. (He was Archdeacon of Staf- 
ford before the year 1126, -and remained so in 1139). EICHARD 
ARCHDEACON. (This was Eichard Peche, Archdeacon of Coventry, 
in office from 1126 to 1161). HUGH AND MAURICE DE CLINTON, 
BROTHERS. (They were probably Clerks or Ecclesiastics ; brothers, 
perhaps, of Bishop Clinton ; perhaps younger sons of the Founder 
of Kenilworth, and so Cousins of the Bishop). GEOFFREY DE THORPE. 
(He was deceased within ten years of the supposed date of this 
" Concession," and his house represented by his sons, viz., Eobert, 
the present witness and two younger brothers). GORSO DAPIFER 
EPISCOPI CESTRLE. (He was called Gotso in 1130, and was then 
Steward of the See of Chester). WILLIAM DE VILERS. (He here 
ranks only as a Bisnop's Chaplain. Before the year 1139 he was 
appointed Archdeacon of Chester). LIOLFUS FILIUS LIULFI. (This 
is probably the person who, in the year 1130, figures as Liulfus de 
Aldredeslega (Audley), and as having murdered Gamel (W. S. Col- 
lections, I., pp. 3, 10.) The matter is of importance, for it suggests 
two Lyulphs in succession as ancestors of the afterwards ennobled 
house of Audley. 



THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULAEY. 

SERIES II. NUMBER VI. 

ANNO DOMINI 1132-1133, 33-34 HENRY I. 

FINAL CONCORD BETWEKN KENILWORTH PRIORY AND HUGH VIGIL IN THE COURT 

OF KING HENRY I. 

(From the Kenilworth Chartulary. Harleian MS. 3650, fo. liJO.) 



Henricus Eex Angliee Episcopo Cestrise et N. de Staford et 
Baronibus et Vicecomitibus et ministris et omnibus fidelibus suis 
Francis et Auglis de Stafordsira salutem. Sciatis me confirmasse 
et concessisse pacem et finalem concordiam quse facta est inter 
Priorem de Chining worth et canonicos et inter Hugonem Vigilem 
ineum de terris et rebus quae fuerunt de hereditate uxoris ipsius 
Hugonis qua3 erant in calumpnia 4 inter eos scilicet quod Prior et 
canonici sui habebunt in elemosinam et in pace tenebunt ecclesiain 
de Stanis cum omnibus pertinentiis suis et totam terram quje fuit 
Brusardi in Stanis et medietatem totius nemoris et terram quae fuit 
Alaiii generi Anisani in Waletone et Aldwinum cotarium quondam 



208 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

cum terra sua quae fu.it de tenura Ernaldi filii Anisani, ita quod 
hsec omnia tenebunt in capite de Gaufrido filio Gaufridi de Clintona 
de cujus feodo hoc est. Et Hugo Vigil qui haec omnia eis quieta 
clamavit habebit et in pace tenebit omnes alias terras et alias res 
de eadem hereditate sicut carta mea testatur quam inde habet et 
sicut in ea divisum est. Et void et firmiter precipio quod Prior et 
canonici teneant bene et honorifice et in pace et libere cum omnibus 
libertatibus et consuetudinibus et quietationibus terris et Ecclesiae 
pertinentibus sicut Nicholaus de Staford et Eobertus films ejus 
concesserunt et per cartam suam confirmaverunt. Testibus, E. 
Episcopo Cestriee et M. Gloec', et Pagano filio Johannis, et A. de 
Ver, et W. de Albini brito, et W. de Clinton, Apud Beccheham. 

NOTES. 

This document is an early specimen of the Finalis Concordia in 
Curia Domini Regis. It becomes of double value in that its date 
(between July, 1131, and August, 1133), can be determined. The 
proof of date is curious. The King's award between the Prior of 
Kenilworth and Hugh, the King's Watchman, was given after 
December 22nd, 1129 (when Roger de Clinton was consecrated 
Bishop of Chester ; after September 29th, 1130, when Geoffrey de 
Clinton, senior, was living and in possession of land and office) ; 
after July, 1131 (when the King returned to England, having been 
over-sea since August, 1130) ; and before August 2nd, 1133 (when 
the King quitted England, never to return). 

At what precise period of -this interval the King held his Curia 
at Beckenham, in Kent, I cannot determine. I think it was after 
Michaelmas, 1132. 

The chronological uses of this Deed are that 

GEOFFREY DE CLINTON, SENIOR, died, quantum ad sceculum, 
between September 29th, 1130, and August 1st, 1133, being suc- 
ceeded by his son, Geoffrey ; and that, within the same interval, 
Milo de Gloucester was succeeded in the Shrievalty of Staffordshire 
by 

NICHOLAS DE STAFFORD, to whom the King's Writ is addressed. 
Within the same limits, Enisan de Walton had also deceased, and 
had been succeeded by his son 

ERNALD FITZ ENISAN, who had added a small tenement to his 
father's previous gifts to the Kenilworth Canons. 

HUGH VIGIL, a Eoyal Officer, had acquired by marriage a tene- 
ment in Walton, his title to which had been challenged by the 
Canons of Kenilworth, probably as being part of the estates con- 



ERNALD DE WALTON TO KENILWORTH PRIORY. 209 

veyed to them by the Charters of Geoffrey de Clinton, Nicholas de 
Stafford, Enisan de Walton, and his son Ernald. The King gave 
judgment for Hugh Vigil, describing precisely the limits of the 
gifts which had been made by the aforesaid Charters to the Priory. 

It seems not unlikely that Hugh Vigil's wife was another 
daughter of Enisan de Walton. Enisan had apportioned a part of 
Walton to a daughter who had married one Alan. 

In the year 1130, John Vigil and Hugh Vigil had been excused 
by Writ Royal twelve shillings of the Danegeld then assessed on 
Staffordshire. The sum indicates a considerable estate, viz., six 
hides, held by them collectively. 






THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER VII. 

ANNO DOMINI CIRCA, 1135-1140. 

ERNALD DE WALTON ACKNOWLEDGES THE GIFTS,- &c., MADE TO KENILWORTH 

PRIORY BY ENISAN HIS FATHER,. ALAN HIS BROTHER-IN-LAW, AND HIS 

(EKNALD'S) SISTER, THE WIFE OF ALAN. 

(From the Kenilworth Chartulary. Harlpian MS. 3650. fo. 



Ernaldus films Enisani de Walaton universis Sanctse Ecclesire 
filiis in domino salutem. Sciant omnes tarn posteri quam presentes 
quod Enisan pater meus assensu et concessione mea donavit in per- 
petuam elemosinam Ecclesue Sanctse Marise de Kinnigwurde et 
canonicis ibi deo servientibus ecclesiam Sancti Wlfadi de Stanis 
cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis. Et preter illas terras 
quge antiquitus adjacebant Ecclesire donavit eis terram quae fuerat 
Brusordi in Stanis scilicet Waram et dimidiam cum una cotlanda 
et in Walaton concessit eisdem canonicis in elemosinam totam 
terram cum hominibus et ejus pertinentiis quam vendiderunt eis 
Alanus sororius meus et uxor ejus soror mea scilicet unam Waram 
et duas cotlandas cum dominio et prato quod ei in patrimonio de- 
derat (sic) dimidium etiam totius nemoris quod pertinet Walaton. 
Pro istis vero terris ut supradictum est ecclesise de novo additis et 
pro earum libertate et quietancia erga ipsum et successores ejus et 
pro parte nemoris prenominati habuit Enisahus pater meus unum 
pallium grisium et unum palef ridum de Gaufrido de Clintona et ego 
1. solidos in denariis et unum palefridum xx.ti solidoruni. Hanc 
itaque donationem patris mei in presencia Rogeri Episcopi Cestrie 
et rnultorum factam, ego pro salute me& et meorum temporal! et 
eterna, ratam habeo efc concede et presentis script! testimonio ac 
p 



210 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

sigilli mei inpressione confirmo. His testibus Willelmo Capellano, 
Osberto de Clintona, Gaufrido de Haia, Toll pistore, Johanne 
blundel, Eeginaldo armigero, Koberto filio Edeg', Gin" blundo, 
Gudefrido de Utelicot, Herberto coco, Gerardo coco, Walwano. 

NOTES. 

This Deed is but a posterior recognition of transactions which 
themselves took place after the consecration of Bishop Clinton 
(December 22nd, 1129), and before the death of Geoffrey de Clinton, 
and, therefore, before May, 1133, when another Deed has shown 
that the Founder of Kenilworth was dead. At the same date (May, 
1133,) it will be seen in the sequel that Enisan de Walton was 
deceased. His son, Ernald, sometime made a further grant to 
Kenilworth, about which this Deed is silent. The limits of the 
date of this recognition are obviously the years 1133 and 1148, 
when Bishop Clinton was dead. 

The testing-clause of this memorandum induces me to think that 
it passed in Warwickshire. Osbert de Clinton, the second witness, 
was Brother of the Bishop, and progenitor of the House of Clinton 
of Maxstock. 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER VIII. 

ANNO DOMINI CIRCA 1138-1147, 3-12 STEPHEN. 

ROBERT DE STAFFORD (II.) TO ROGER AND SIMON, BISHOPS OF COVENTRY AND 
WORCESTER, AS TO HIS BENEFACTIONS TO THE CAMONS OF STONE. 

(Cottonian Charter, XIIL, 6. No. 4.) 



Robertus de Stafford Rogero Cestrensi et Symoni Wigornensi 
Episcopis et universis Sanctae Dei Ecclesise fidelibus in domino salu- 
tem. Notum sit omnibus quod ego R. pro salute mea et meorum 
et pro anima patris mei et matris mese et omnium parentum et. 
amicorum meorum concessi in elemosinam ecclesiffi de Stanes 
et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus regulariter' totam tenuram 
quam Osbertus capellanus meus de me tenebat et hoc petitione 
et gratuito assensu ipsius, videlicet capellam meam de Stafford 
cum omnibus quae ad earn pertinent in ecclesiis, in terris et 
decimis, pratis et pascuis et aliis quibuscunque libertatibus et 
consuetudinibus. Ecclesiam quoque de Thisho cum molendino 
et terris et decimis pratis et pascuis et omnibus aliis adjacentiis 
suis, et ecclesiam de Wulfard cum capella et omnibus quae 



CERTIFICATE BY ROBERT DE STAFFORD II. 211 

ad earn pertinent. Pieterea concede eisdem canonicis in Madele 
manerio meo ecclesiam Sancti Leonardi cum universis quas ad earn 
pertinent et in Staford castello meo Brianum filium Cadiou cum 
omnibus catallis suis et terrain ejus totarn extra Burgum meum 
simul cum prato quod ad earn pertinet in elemosinam liberam et 
quietam. Concessi etiam eis in elemosinam unum molendinum in 
Wittona manerio meo illud scilicet quod est proximum ecclesia? 

Iejusdem villse liberum et quietum ab omni consuetudine' et servitio 
meo seculari et preter hasc, decimam totius venationis meae. Concedo 
etiarn meipsum ut fratrem et patronum ejusdem ecclesise de Stanes, 
ita ut ubicunque infra Angliae regionem obiero ibidem cum patre 
meo sepulto et ipse sepeliar. Volo quoque et firmiter statuo ut pre- 
dicti canonici fratres nostri hsec omnia supradicta bene et honorifice 
teneant et sint liberi et quieti ab omni exactione et seculari servitio 
ad me vel ad heredes meos pertinente. Precor quoque universes 
Sanctte Ecclesise fideles ut hanc meam elemosinam pro dei amore et 
salute animas susemanuteneantet defendant. Hujus mese concessionis 
sunto testes supramemoratus Osbertus capellanus, et Eicardus pres- 
biter vicarius ejus, Ulferus de Coppehale et Willelmus filius ejus, 
Ilebertus de Tena et Willelmus frater ejus. 

NOTES. 

This Charter, its date being once established, will be of much 
historical import. Nicholas de Stafford, living in 1132 and 
deceased in 1138, had been buried at Stone. His son and heir 
Robert first appears as head of the House in the year 1138, if that 
may be taken as the date of Bishop Clinton's foundation of Build- 
was Abbey. (See Antiq. Shropshire, VI*., 321.) This same Bishop, 
being one of those addressed in this Charter, quitted England as a 
Crusader in 1147, and never lived to return. We may venture to 
date the Deed under notice as between 1138 and 1147. 

Robert de Stafford's Charter implies an intention very friendly 
towards the Canons of Stone. It does not so much as hint their 
subjection to the Priory of Kenilworth ; yet one of the Prelates 
whom he addresses, the Bishop of Worcester, will appear in the 
sequel not as yet to have acquiesced in any such idea of absolute 
independence. 

OSBERT, here called " my chaplain " by Robert de Stafford, was a 
creature of the aera, at which the Charter passed. The Charter 
itself indicates that this Osbert held the Chapelry of Stafford, with 
all its appurtenant Churches, lands, and tythes, the Living of 
Tyshoe, Warwickshire, and that of Great Woolford in the same 



212 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

County, under Eobert de Stafford, and that Osbert concurred with 
that Baron in conferring all three benefices on the Priory of Stone. 

Osbert's position in this Charter was probably that of a middle- 
man or agent for the sale or disposal of churches in legal form. 
Some other things are discoverable about him. Notwithstanding 
his seeming liberality to the Canons of Stone, he remained a great 
Pluralist. The Church of Swynnerton was at this period portionary. 
Both its Incumbents were named Osbert. One of the two was 
probably the Pluralist. Their title came to be assailed by the 
Canons of Stone. They lost the preferment by a decree of Bishop 
Durdent, which must have passed between the years 1155 and 1159. 

Again, within the same period as we have bespoken for this 
Charter, Eobert de Stafford presented William, Archdeacon of 
London, another great Pluralist, to the Church of Bradley. At the 
Archdeacon's death (circa 1150-9) the Canons of Lichfield claimed the 
Advowson of Bradley, and Osbert de Diddlebury .Clerk, claimed to be 
instituted, apparently as the Canons' Presentee. Bishop Durdent 
ignored both claims, and admitted Master Eichard de Salop to the 
Parsonage of Bradley, on the presentation of Eobert de Stafford, 
who had previously presented the deceased Archdeacon. 

Assuming, as we fairly may, that " Osbert, the Chaplain," was no 
other than " Osbert de Diddlebury," we have still further lights 
about the individual as sometimes styled " de Diddlebury," some- 
times " de Stirchley." A reference, elsewhere (Antiquities of Shrop- 
shire, Vol. V., p. 171) will show how one " Osbern must have been 
admitted Parson of Diddlebury before April 22nd, 1148, the day on 
which Eobert de Betun, Bishop of Hereford, who admitted the said 
.Parson, died. Another reference (Antiquities of Shropshire, VIII., 
115) will show how Osbert de Stirchley, being identical with 
" Osbern " de Diddlebury, was living in 1180, and holding a lay 
fee in Stirchley, which remained if not with his direct descendants, 
at least with his general heirs. 

Eobert de Stafford's other benefactions to Stone have nothing 
more to do with his Chaplain Osbert than that the latter attested 
them all. 

The Advowson of Great Madeley came to be represented* by a 
portion of one merk yearly, payable to Stone Priory by the 
Incumbent. The Church now no longer owns the tutelage of St. 
Leonard, but has vestiges of great antiquity. 

The Deed continues : 

" Et in Stafford Castello meo Brianuin filium Cadiou cum omnibus. 



CERTIFICATES BY ROBERT DE STAFFORD II. 213 

catallis suis et terram ejus totam extra Burgum meum similiter, 
cum prato quod ad earn pertinet in elemosinam liberam et quietam." 

The obvious conclusion from such language is that Eobert de 
Stafford was, or assumed to be, Lord of both the Castle and Burgh 
of Stafford. When we add that the Capellaria mea de Stafford, 
previously given to Stone Priory., was nothing else than the 
Advowson of the Eoyal Free Chapel or Collegiate Church of St. 
Mary, we are constrained to perceive that both Castle, Burgh, and 
Advowson can only have come to Eobert de Stafford during the 
reign, and by the sufferance, of King Stephen. 

Whoso shall hereafter investigate those two great problems, the 
histories of Stafford Castle and of St. Mary's Church, will probably 
recur to this chapter of incidents. Here it will suffice to notice 

EGBERT DE STAFFORD II., as a manifest partizan of King 
Stephen the more manifest in that we conclude from other 
evidences how that Stephen had or took the whole Barony of 
Stafford under his tutelege as a member of his Fief of Mortain, an 
arrangement which reduced Eobert de Stafford's feudal services to 
two-thirds of what they had been when due, sine medio, to King 
Henry L : the more manifest in that when Henry of Anjou, 
contending with Stephen, proposed to give the Earldom of Stafford 
to Eaoul le Meschin, Earl of Chester, he also proposed to subject 
Eobert de Stafford and his Barony to the new Earldom. 

A word in conclusion about the Mill of Wotton, given by this 
Charter to Stone Priory. King Henry II.; afterwards confirming 
Eobert de Stafford's grant, confirmed it to Kenilworth, not to Stone. 

A confirmation by Simon, Bishop of Worcester, of some of Eobert 
de Stafford's gifts will hereafter be given (See Number X. infra). 
The Bishop speaks of Wootton Mill as "In Wageneswitona 
molendinum quod est proxiinum ecclesise." Wootton- Waven is a 
later form of the same name. 



.THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULAEY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER IX. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIECA 1138-1H7, 3-12 STEPHEN. 

ROBERT DE STAFFORD CERTIFIES SIMON, BISHOP OF WORCESTER, AS TO ILBERT 
FITZ GILBERT'S GRANT OF WESTCOTE TO STONE PRIORY. 

(Cottonian Charter, XIII., 6.) 



Simoni Dei gratia Wigornensi Episcopo Eobertus de Staford 
salutem et servitium. Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse in elemosi- 



214 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

nam ecclesise de Stanes et canonicis ibidem deo servientibus 
Westcotam terram que fuit Illeberti filii Gilberti petitions et 
gratuito assensu ipsius liberam et quietam ab omni servitio seculari 
exceptis geldis ad regem pertinentibus et hoc pro anim& patris mei 
Nicholai de Staford qui in eadem ecclesia sepultus est et pro salute 
et incolumitate mea et ipsius Ileberti de cujus feodo est predicta 
terra et omnium nostrorum vivorum et in Xpo defunctorum. Pre- 
camur igitur ego et ipse Ilebertus per attornitatem (?) nostram 
quantum pro dei amore et nostro hanc elemosinam nostram manute- 
neatis et episcopaliter confirmetis. Valete. 

NOTES. 

WESTCOTE, presumed to have been a member of Eobert de 
Stafford's Manor of Tyshoe, probably accrued to Ilbert fitz Gilbert, 
of Tean, about the year 1130. 

Ilbert fitz -Gilbert now gives it to Stoae Priory, not to Kenil- 
worth. He gives it with consent and at request of Robert de Stafford 
(II.), who appears to be making votive offerings to the Church 
of Stone after the decease of his father, Nicholas, who was buried 
there. This view will make the Deed to have passed between 
1138, which is the earliest date of Kobert de Stafford's occurrence, 
and 1150; for SIMON, BISHOP OF WORCESTER, in whose Diocese 
Tyshoe was, died March 20th, 1150. 

Bishop Simon's Confirmation to Stone Priory, hereafter to be 
given, describes this gift as " In Westcota etiam unam hidam teme 
ex dpno Hileberti de Tena de cujus dominio fuit, et assensu Ro- 
berti de Staford de cujus feodo est." (Harl. Chart, XIII., 20.) 

Bishop Simon's Charter, as I show elsewhere (Infra, page 215), 
passed circa 1138-1147. 

The date of this Deed then, which solicits such confirmation, is 
earlier than 1147. The language of the Deed suggests that it was 
nearly contemporary with Deed, Number VII. 



THE STAFFOEDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER X. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1138-1147, OR 3-12 STEPHEN. 

SIMON, BISHOP OF WORCESTER, TO STONE PRIORY, AND TO BERNARD, PRIOR OF 

KENILWORTH, CONFIRMING SUNDRY GRANTS OF ROBERT TIE STAFFORD (II.), 

HIS VASSALS, AND (HIS MOTHER) MATILDA DE STAFFORD. 

(Cottonian MS., XIII., 6. No. W.) 



Simon Dei gratia Wigornensis Episcopus universis Ecclesiae filiis 
salutem. Notum facio tarn posteris quam presentibus me concessisse 



SIMON, BISHOP OF WORCESTER, TO STONE PRIORY. 215 

et confirmasse in perpetuam elemosinam ecclesise de Stanes et 
Bernardo Priori de Kining' et canonicis suis ibidem deo servientibus 
ecclesiam de Thisho cum terris et decimis et molendino eidem 
ecclesiae proximo et omnibus aliis pertinentiis sicut Judikellus 
capellanus Nicholai de Staford ea melius tenuit, Terrain quoque 
quam parrochiani ejusdem villas in elemosinam dederunt eidem 
ecclesiae et posuerunt super altare scilicet 1. acras terrse et x. acras 
prati et v. inarcas argenti unde Radulfus Prior de Stanes eos ad- 
quietavit erga Willelmum de Chesneio ; et Matildis de Staford 
dedit unam marcam argenti eo quod ipsa hbc in perpetuam elemosi- 
nam concessit et super altare manu sua misit. Preterea dedit 
ipsa Matilda ecclesise de Tiesho in elemosinam duas virgatas 
terrse, unam pro anima Nicholai viri sui, et alteram cum viii. 
acris de doininio suo quando dominus Robertus Hereford- 
ensis Episcopus et Ecclesise nostra vicarius fecit cimifcerium 
in curia ejusdem villse et capellam de Herdewic cum tenurft sua 
scilicet 1. acras ex una parte et totidem ex altera et vi. acras in 
crofta cum prato adjacente sicut divisum est. In Westcota etiam 
unam hidam terras ex dono Hileberti de Tena, de cujus dominio 
fuit et assensu Roberti de Stafford de cujus feodo est, liberam et 
quietam ab omni servitio seculari. Ecclesiam quoque de Wlfward' 
cum capellis, terris, decimis et omnibus suis pertinentiis. In 
Wageneswitona molendinum quod est proximum ecclesise cum toll, 
et tac et omnibus consuetudiuibus et libertatibus sicut Robertus de 
Staford eis concessit et carta sua confimavit. Hanc confirmationem 
feci et carta mea consignavi petitione ejusdem Roberti de cujus 
feodo hsec omnia supradicta sunt. Si quis vero hanc nostram con- 
firmationem infirmare vel violare presumpserit secunda citacione 
commonitus si corrigi neglexerit anathemate feriatur donee dign& 
satisfactione absolvi mereatur. 

NOTES. 

This Charter confirming the grants made by Robert- de Stafford 
(in Numbers VII. and VIII.), will necessarily have been later than 
both. And surely it passed within the same limits of time the 
years 1138 and 1147. 

The Bishop, however, as we see, does not recognize the total 
independence of Stone from the domination of the Prior of Kenil- 
worth, nor does he speak of the Chaplain, Osbert, as the latest 
Incumbent of Tyshoe. 

It is probable that Judikell, Chaplain of Nicholas de Stafford, in 
the time of Henry I., was the last Incumbent of Tyshoe, admitted 



216 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

by any Bishop of Worcester, and that Osbert, nominated by Eobert 
de Stafford merely to facilitate his transfer .of the benefice to Stone 
Priory had never been recognized by Bishop Syrnon. 

Again, though Ealph, Prior of Stone, had paid five merks to en- 
able the Parishioners of Tysho to enfranchise the tenements, which 
they wished to convey to Tysho Church, from the lien of William de 
Chesney, Mesne-Lord of Tysho, this action of the Prior of Stone 
did not go to the separate benefit of Stone Priory, except as a Cell 
of Kenilworth. 

Ultimately, when Stone became independent, the valuable 
Eectory of Tisho was secured to Stone ; but some small temporal 
estate remained with Kenilworth. 

JUDIKELL, the late Incumbent of Tisho, was possibly younger son 
of Ludichael, Domesday Tenant of De Stafford at Langley (War- 
wickshire). (Supra pp. 181, 197, 198.) 

WILLIAM DE CHESNEY, or possibly his son of the same name, is 
written as "de Chainai" in the Feodary of 1166. (Staff. Cojl. I., 
148.) He then held If.m. of old feoffment in Stafford's Barony. 
This Fee is supposed (Coll., I., 168) to have been Great Eollright in 
Oxfordshire. Partly, at least, it will have been in Tyshoe, 
Warwickshire. 

MATILDA DE STAFFORD survived her husband Nicholas. He was 
certainly living in 1133, certainly dead in 1138. 

HERDEWIC CHAPEL. Herd wick (afterwards Kyte Herdwick) was, 
it seems, a Chapelry of Tisho. 

EGBERT, BISHOP OF HEREFORD, one of the most exemplary men 
of his day, was consecrated 28th June, 1131, and died over sea 
22nd April, 1148. I cannot understand his acting as Vicar of the 
Bishop of Worcester, save in a time of great disturbance (e.g. 1140- 
1147). 

WESTCOTE, was, I think, a member of Eobert de Stafford's Manor 
of Tyshoe. " William fitz Gilbert," of the Liber Niger, was either 
younger son or younger brother of Ilebert de Tene. His grant to 
Kenilworth, in Westcote, being sanctioned by Eobert (II.) de Staf- 
ford, was, I have assumed, in or after 1138. (See p. 214, Supra.) 

THE CHURCH OF WLFWARD is surely that of GREAT WOOLFOKD, 
written in Domesday as Wolvard, with mention of a resident Priest. 

WAGENESWITONA is Wavenswotton (Warwickshire) another Staf- 
ford Manor. 

The above are of course all grants within the Diocese of 
Worcester ; wherein also was Kenilworth itself. In Henry IL's 



NICHOLAS BE MILWICH TO ROGER, BISHOP OF COVENTRY. 217 

two Charters to Kenilworth, one of which passed in March, 1163, 
the following items are .expressed and sanctioned. (Mon., VI. 223, 
VII. and 232, VI.) :- 

" Ecclesiam de Stanis, &c. cum omnibus pertinentiis, &c. 

" Ex feodo et dono Eoberti de Stafford terrain quod fuit Curtesii 
in Liesbo (aliter Piesho, but r:ad Tiesho) et terrain quse fuit Ailrici 
in Branchota et molendinum de Wttona proximum ecclesiae, et ex 
dono Wmi Giffard et Eogeri fratris ejus terram quam habent in 
Herdewic . . . . et ecclesiam de Wlwarda (aliter Wlfharda) ; 
et ecclesiam de. Tiesho cum virgulto etmolendino ecclesioe proximo ; 
et incrementis quee Matildis de Stafford assensu Eoberti de Stafford 
adjecit." 

So then it appears that neither King nor Bishop had as yet en- 
dorsed Eobert de Stafford's design of making Stone independent of 
Kenilworth. 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHAETULAEY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XI. 

ANNO DOMINI INTER 1138 AND 1147, OR 3-12 STEPHEN. 

NICHOLAS DE MILWICH TO ROGER, BISHOP OF COVENTRY, CERTIFYING His 
GRANT OF MILWICH CHURCH TO STONE PRIORY. 

(Cotton MS. Vespasian K XXIV., fo. 



Eogero Episcopo Coventrensi et universis Sanctse der Ecclesice 
fidelibus Nicolaus de Mulewys salutem. Sciant presentes et 
futuri quod ego pro salute animaB mese et pro animabus anteces- 
sorum et successorum meorum dedi et concessi et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmavi deo et ecclesiee Sancti Wlfani de Stanis et 
canonicis regularibus ibidem deo servientibus in puram et perpetuam 
eleinosinam ecclesiam de Mulewys cum omnibus pertinentiis suis 
in mansuris et terris et decimis et pratis et pascuis et. aliis quibus- 
cunque libertatibus in bosco et piano in aquis et viis et semitis et 
in omnibus aisimentis. Si autem aliquis heredum meorum hanc 
meam donationem et elemosinam in aliquo minuere vel perturbare 
temptaverit maledictionem dei omnipotentis et omnium Sanctorum 
et meam in perpetuum habeat nisi ad emendationem venerit. Si 
autem earn manutenuerit benedictionem dei et omnium Sanctorum 
et meam in perpetuum possideat. Hiis testibus Eoberto de Stafford 
domino meo. Heleberto de Tene et Eoberto et Willelmo fratribus 
ejus, Ernaldo de Waleton, E. de Eston, Ernaldo de Hildulveston 
et aliis. 



218 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

NOTES. 

The attestation of Eobert de Stafford and the address to Bishop 
Eoger (de Clinton) suffice to prove the date of this Deed as between 
1138 and 1147. 

It S'.ems probable that NICHOLAS DE MILWICH, the Grantor in 
this Deed, was a Priest. Possibly he was the Nicholaus Clericus 
who, circa 1122-5, attested Nicholas de Stafford's Charter to Kenil- 
worth (Supra p. 195). Clearly he was that Nicholas de Mulewich 
who, circa 1155-1159, with other Clerks and Priests, attested a 
Charter of Bishop Durdent. 

A Confirmation, by Eobert de Stafford (II.) to Stone Priory, 
certain ly later than this Grant of Nicholas de Milwich, does not 
include it, neither does Henry II.'s Confirmation to Kenilworth 
(circa 1163) mention it. But Eobert de Stafford's Confirmation 
secures to Stone Priory terram de Frodeswella quce est de fiodo meo, 
sicut Nicolaus de Midewic, qni de me earn tenebat in elemosina, 
assensu meo ei (viz., Ecclesicc de Stanes) donavit. (Infra, Series II., 
Number XV.) 

Here, then, is some further proof that Nicholas de Milwich 
holding thus in almoign was a Priest. And as to Milwich Church 
being effectually given to the Canons of Stone, it was appropriated 
to them before A.D. 1291, the date of Pope Nicholas' Taxation, and 
it remained with them till the Dissolution. 

Of the witnesses and other persons named in this Deed, it 
should be noted that Eoger, Bishop of Coventry, Helebert de Tene, 
Eobert, his brother, and Ernald de Walton were all deceased before 
A.D. 1166 (the date of the Liber Niger), while Eobert de Stafford 
and William de Tene survived. 

Of Helebert de Tene, it is probable that he held a lay fee in 
Milwich under Eobert de Stafford. The genealogical interest, 
which attaches to him, his brethren, his ancestors, and his heirs can 
hardly be set forth in illustration of this Charter. The Charter 
rather constitutes an important evidence in relation to the Genealogy. 
(See Collections, Volume I., pp. 160-162.) 






CERTIFICATE BY AGED PERSONS, ETC. 219 

THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 

SERIES II. NUMBER XII. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1140-1150, OR 5-15 STEPHEN. 

CERTIFICATE BY AGED PERSONS AS TO THE FEOFFMENTS OF NOEL, AND OF HIS 

SON, ROBERT FITZ NOKL, BY NICHOLAS DE STAFFORD, AND BY ROBERT DE 

STAFFORD, SON AND SUCCESSOR OF NICHOLAS. 

(A fragment from the Huntbach MSS. at Wrottesley, fo. 166.) 



Quia in omnibus inter majores natu et minores, et inter potentes 
et impotentes conventionibus testimonia ad lites dissolvendas neces- 
saria inventa sunt, ideo tarn majoribus quam minoribus totius Staf- 
fordite honoris notum sit et memorialiter preluceat, quod Nicholaus 
de Stafford, adhuc juvenis,Noello,more hereditario,similiter et postea 
Roberto filio suo terrain Rontonise et Cokeslonise in feodo, et per ser- 
vitium dimidii manerii, et dimidii militis et ad servitium proprii 
Clypei domini Nicolai et ab omni custodia et operatione castelli earn 
illi liberam concessit &c. Postquam autem dorninus Robertus pater- 
nalis hereditatis successor ad honorem Staffordiae hereditario jure 
gratia Dei aspiravit, hanc eandem summa dilectione conventionem 
quam pater suus Noello concessit Roberto Noelli filio quod notum 
sit omnibus sua gratia concedit et concessit. Sed quia ipse 
Domirms Robertus post obitum patris sui scilicet Roberto Noelli 
filio quandam terrain quae esc juxta Gnowshale dedit &c. Testibus 
Nicholao Nigelli filio ; Radulfo filio Brieni &c. 

NOTES. 

This memorandum was perhaps occasioned by some dispute 
between the Noels and their Suzerains, the Barons Stafford. The 
earlier transaction alluded to the feoffment of Noel, by Nicholas 
de Stafford, " when a youth " will have belonged to the sera of 
William Rufus (1087-1100) ; the latter transaction the feoffment 
of Robert Fitz Noel by Robert de Stafford belonged to the sera of 
Stephen (1135-1154). 

We learn then, incidentally from this memorandum, that 
Nicholas de Stafford survived Noel. 

Of the two witnesses, the first was probably the Grandson of a 
Domesday Baron, Nigel de Stafford, the second was with equal 
probability the son of a Domesday father, and if so of an age, 
venerable indeed at the date of this manifesto. Both witnesses 
were deceased before 1166, the date of the Liber Niger. 

The document contains valuable hints for the construction of the 
Genealogies of De Stafford, Fitz Noel, De Longford, and De Standon. 



220 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

Eanton and Cooksland still represent Eontonia and Cokeslonia. 
The estate near Gnosall, alluded to. in the memorandum, was after- 
wards known as " Burgh." 

The indication that the terms " Manor " and " Knight's-Fee " 
were ordinarily, and at a particular period used as convertible 
terms ; the further indication that the oldest military feoffments 
implied personal service in the field by side of the Suzerain, but 
might also require the Feofee's assistance in the building or main- 
tenance of some definite Castle or Garrison ; these are indications 
of feudal custom and usage, such as we see modified, but hardly 
reproduced, in evidences of a later period. The Conqueror's policy 
was to found Castles himself, and to promote their foundation by 
his Barons. Henry of Anjou was jealous of tlie latter system, and 
did much to reverse it. The " service of the shield," the covenant 
of older feoffments, left an analogous idea in the later term 
" scutage;' but the essence of scutage was that the " servipe of the 
shield " might no longer be inexorable. 

THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULAEY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XIII. 

CIRCA MARCH, A.D. 1153, 18 STEPHEN. 

TKEATY OF DEVIZES, WHEREAT HENRY, DUKE OF NORMANDY, GRANTS, INTER 

ALIA, TO RANULF, EARL OF CHESTER, THE EARLDOM OF STAFFORD, AND THE 

FEES (OR FEALTIES) OF ROBERT DE STAFFORD AND NORMAN DE VERDUN. 

. (Cotton Charter, XVII ; %.) 

(This Charter is also transcribed by Kymer, who preserves a few 
readings, no longer decipherable in the original. Eymer's date, 
viz., 17 Stephen, A.D., 1152, is no part of the Original, and is 
probably erroneous by a year.) 



Henricus dux Normannorum et Comes Andegavorum omnibus 
Archieplscopis, Episcopis, Comitibus, Baronibus Vicecomitibus et 
omnibus amicis et fidelibus suis Normannioe et Angliae, salutem 
Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse Eanulpho Comiti Cestrise omnem 
hereditatem suam ISTormannise et Anglise sicut unquam aliquis 
antecessorum suorum earn melius et liberius tenuit, et nominatim 
castellum de Vira et Barbifluvium cum tali libertate quod per 
totam banleugam possit capere forisfactum suum et Brullium de 
Fossis, et Alebec, et hoc unde erat Vicecomes in Albrincis et in 
Sancto Jacobo de hoc feci eum Comitem, et quicquicl habui in 
Abrinchein ei dedi preter episcopatum et Abbatiam de Monte 



THE TREATY OF DEVIZES, A.D. 1153. 221 

Sancti Micheelis et quod eis pertinet. Insuper dedi et concessi ei 
totum honorem Comitis Eogeri Pictaviensis ubicunque aliquid 
habeat et totum honorem de Blie ubicunque sit in Anglia et totum 
honorem de Eia sicut Eobertus Malet avunculus matris suse ilium 
melius et plenius unquam tenuit. Insuper dedi ei Staford et Staf- 
fordiescira et Comitatum Stafordke totum quicquid ego ibi habuiin 
fceudo et hereditate excepto fceudo Episcopi Cestrensis et Comitis 
Eoberti de Ferrariis et Hugonis de Mortuomari et Gervasii Paga- 
nelli et excepto foresto de Canot quod in manu mea retineo, et 
fceuduni Alani de Lincol' ei dedi qui fuit avunculus matris suae et 
fceudum Ernisii de Burun, sicut suam hereditatem et fceuduni 
Hugonis de Scoteineio ei dedi ubicunque sit, et fceudum Eoberti de 
Chalz ubicunque sit, et totum fceudum Eadulphi filii Odonis et 
totum fceudum Normanni de Verdun et fceudum Eoberti de Staf- 
ford ubicunque sit. 

Et triginta libratas terrse quas habui in Grimesbeia ei dedi et 
Notingeham Castellum et Burgum et quicquid habui in Notinge- 
ham in foeudo et hereditate sibi et heredibus suis dedi, et totum 
fceudum Willelmi Peverelli ubicunque sit, nisi poterit se dirationare 
in mea curia de scelere et traditione, excepto Hecham, et si Engel- 
rannus de Albamarl non voluerit se capere mecum neque comes 
Simon et illud vi capere potero predictum Hecham reddo Comiti 
Eannulfo si earn habere voluerit et Torchessiam et Oswardebec 
Wapentac et Derbeiam cum omnibus pertinentiis et Mammesfeld 
cum socha et Eoel' cum socha et Stanleiam juxta Coventreiam cum 
socha; et de Beluario tenebo ei rectum quam citius potero 
sicut de sua hereditate. Et sex baronibus suis quos elegerit 
cuique centum libratas terrse dabo, de his quae mihi ex hosti- 
bus meis adquisita (sic) acciderint de me tenendas. Et omnibus 
parentibus suis suam reddo hereditatem unde potens sum, et de 
hoc unde 'ad presens potens non sum rectum plenarium tenebo 
ex quo potens ero. T. Willelmo Cancellario, E. Comite Cornubia3. 
E. Comite Her'f, Patricio Comite Sarisb', Umfrido de Buhun, 
dapifero, J. nlio Gilberti, E. de Hum' Constabulario, Guarino filio 
Ger', Eoberto de Curcey dapifero, Manasses Biset dapifero, Philippe 
de Columbariis. Ex parte Comitis Eanulti, Willelmo Comite Lin- 
coln', Hugone Wac, G. CastelT de Fines, Simone filio Willelmi, 
Turst' de Montef, Gaufrido de Costentin, Willelmo de Verd', 
Eicardo Pincerna, Kogero Wac, Simone filio Osberti. Apud Divisas. 
NOTES ON THE TREATY OF DEVIZES. 

It was early in the year of our Lord 1151 that Geoffrey Le Bel, 



222 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES I. 

Duke of Normandy and Comte of Anjou, ceded the Duchy to his 
son Henry, who forthwith did homage for the same to the King of 
France. 

By the death of Comte Geoffrey, on or about September 7th, 
1151, his son, the Duke of Normandy, became Comte of Anjou. 

On May 18th, 1152, Henry, Duke of Normandy and Comte of 
Anjou, entitled himself to the Duchy of Aquitaine by his marriage 
with Elianor, the divorced wife of Louis VII. of France ; but Henry 
did not as yet assume his wife's title of Aquitaine, nor her sub-title 
of Poitou. 

On January 6th, 1153, Duke Henry effected a landing in Eng- 
land, and forthwith addressed himself to the siege of Malmesbury, 
then garrisoned for Stephen. Whatever local encouragement the 
Duke may have had in this exploit, some primary success brought 
able partizans to his side. The Earl of Leicester, much observant 
of signs and seasons, was the first to aid the Duke with supplies. 
Within a few weeks the Earls of Chester, Gloucester, Hereford, and 
Cornwall were arrayed in the cause of legitimacy. 

At this period the most powerful, the most ambitious, and the 
least trusted subject in the Eealm was Eanulf de Gernons, Earl of 
Chester and Vicomte of Avranches. It behoved both him and the 
Duke that they should understand one another. The Charter now 
before us is their understanding. The Duke tells the Earl what he 
is prepared to give for the Earl's assistance in the recovery of the 
Duke's right's ; and the Earl accepts the offer. 

The events of the year 1153 are involved in much obscurity, 
both as to their substance and their relative sequence. Four 
different " treaties " are spoken of as" if they were treaties between 
Stephen and the Duke. They are said to have taken place at 
Devizes, Wallingford, Winchester, and. Westminster. That, doubt- 
less, was the order of the negociations referred to ; but the affair at 
Devizes was no treaty with Stephen, but a very threatful treaty 
against him. If we take its date to have been circa March 1st 
1153, we shall probably be right within a month. 

The Duke gives and confirms to the Earl all his (the Earl's) in- 
heritance in Normandy and England, with all advantages and 
franchises enjoyed by any of his antecessors. He specifies the 
Castle of Vire and (the seaport of) Barfleur, with plenary powers of 
jurisdiction through all the Banlieu (Town Liberties of Barfleur) 
and the woodland of Les Fosses and Alebec. 

And where and whereinsoever the Earl had been Yiscomte of 



THE TREATY OF DEVIZES, A.D. 1153. 



223 



Avranches and of St. James (de Beuvron) he is now created Comte. 

Whatever, too, the Duke himself had in the Avranchin he gives 
to the Earl, save only the Bishropric of Avranches, the Abbey of 
Mont St.. Michael, and whatever to them belonged. 

Furthermore, the Duke gives and concedes the whole Honour of 
Comte Roger the Poitevin, wherever he (Earl Eanulf)' had ought 
thereof. 

This expression is significant. Taken as a whole, the Honour of Comte Roger the 
Poitevin has at various recurrent periods been called the Honour of Lancaster. Lan- 
caster Castle was its original caput. All Lancashire, between the Kibble and the 
Mersey, was included in the Honour. The Poitevin Corate is known to have had 
lands in many other Counties, and in most of these his sometime manors are per- 
petually recurring as "held of the Honour of Lancaster." At another and later 
period, when vast estates never held by the Poitevin accrued to the Earldom, 
afterwards the Duchy, of Lancaster, .the term "Honour of Lancaster" became, of 
course, more comprehensive. 

Comte Roger surrendered his English Fief to William the Conqueror, before the 
date of Domesday, but the Conqueror did not disintegrate it. William Rufus, I 
imagine, restored it to Comte Roger ; but Henry 1., execrating above all things the 
names and races of Montgomery and Belesme, confiscated it. As an Escheat in his 
hands, Henry I. did something to disintegrate the Honour of Lancaster, but I do not 
find that anything so subtracted went to aggrandize the Honour of Chester. Henry 
had not reached the middle of his reign when he bestowed the Comtec of Moretain and 
the hardly diminished Honour of Lancaster on his nephew, Stephen, of Blo.s ; and 
both these dignities remained with the said Stephen by a good and sound title till 
the end of his own reign. 

When, therefore, Duke Henry, in the year 1153, spake of giving to Earl Ranulf, 
of Chester, all that the said Earl ' ' has " anywhere in the whole Honour of Comte 
Roger trie Poitevin, the Duke probably alluded to somejiing, more or less, which the 
turbulent Earl had wrested from Stephen during the period of usurpation. I do not 
know that anything even of this kind remained with the Earl of Chester'.': heirs ; 
bnt in truth the promises of Devizes, none of them resulted in estates of inheritance. 

To continue : The Duke presents Earl Eanulf with " the whole 
Honour of Blythe, wherever in England it might lie." 

The Honour of Blythe, otherwise called the Honour of Tickhill, consisted of the 
Domesday possessions of Roger de Busli. Blythe was in Nottinghamshire. Laughton- 
in-le-Morthen, the site of Roger de Busli's Castle of Tickhill, was in Yorkshire. We 
read both of Tickhill Castle and Blythe Castle, but it is explained to me ^by Mr. Ellis) 
that as there was never any Castle at Blythe, the name of Blythe Castle was occasion- 
ally applied to Tickhill Castle. 

Roger de Busli's Domesday Honour consisted of estates in the several Counties of 
York, Nottingham, Lincoln, Leicester, Derby, Gloucester, and Devon. Roger de 
Busli was deceased in 1098, leaving an only son, Roger, then in minority. Robert de 
Belesme, Earl of Shrewsbury, a kinsman of Roger de Busli, is said by Ordericus to 
have bought the whole Fief of Blythe from William Rufus ; but it is well suggested 
(by Mr. Ellis) that what the Earl bought was probably the wardship of the heir, with 
the reversion of the inheritance. A ward of Belesme was unlikely long to. survive 
any such arrangement. Within four years, the younger De Busli was deceased with- 
out issue. 






224 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

On Belesme's banishment (A.D. 1102) the whole of his estates, as Earl of Shrews- 
bury, escheated to the Crown, and therewith the Honour of Blythe escheated also. 
Saving one incident, to be noticed in. the sequel, more that a century had elapsed 
when question arose as to the right heirs of Roger de Busli. The claimants were 
Robert dc Vipont, whose wife Idonca affected to represent a family of De Busli, 
descended from Am aid de Busli, brother of the Domesday Baron, and Alice, Countess 
of Ewe, claiming to be descended from, and to represent, Beatrix, a sister of the 
same Baron. 

The decision of .the Court was in favour of the Countess ; but that which she 
gained was far less than the old Honour of Blythe. Henry I. had begun the 
process of disintegration a hundred years before. What Duke Henry gave to Earl 
Ranulf in 1153 was the Seigneury over so much of the Honour of Blythe as remained 
an escheat in the hands of his (Henry's) opponent, Stephen. 

Duke Henry presents Earl Bamilf with the whole Honour of- 
Eye so fully and so well as .Robert Malet, Uncle of the Earl's 
mother had at any time held it. 

The Honor of Eye in Suffolk, and all Robert Malet's English estates, escheated to 
Henry I. in or before 1106, when that Baron fell on the rebel side at Tinchebray. 
Lucia Malet, sister of Robert, had, Some thirty years previously, become the wife of 
Ivo Taillgebose, an Anjovin Count, Lord of the Lincolnshire honour of Boling- 
broke, and had taken to him in maritaqio certain estates of the Malet Fief in 
that County. Lucia Taillgebose, the issue of this marriage, was, therefore, 
niece of Robert Malet, of Eye. She was also mother of Kanulf de Gernons, Earl of 
Chester, by her second marriage with Ranulf le Meschin, the previous Earl. Duke 
Henry's Grantee had no sort of hereditary right to the Honour of Eye. The Duke 
granting it to Ranulf de Gernons, granted it at his own pleasure, as an escheat of the 
Crown, and in contempt of Stephen's de facto possession of the Honour. 

In the same haughty strain the Duke continues : 
" Moreover, I have given unto him Stafford, and Staffordshire, 
and the whole County of Stafford, whatever I have hitherto had 
therein, in fee and in inheritance, except the Fief of the Bishop of 
Chester, and of Earl Robert de Ferrars, and of Hugh de Mortimer, 
and of Gervase Paganell, and except the Forest of Cannock, which 
I retain in my own hand." 

This is very straight language. The Duke at this moment was de jure King of 
England and Earl of Stafford. He affected to be both, de facto ; and so he made 
Ranulf de Gernons Earl of Stafford. He excepts four Baronies from subjection to the 
future Earl the Baronies of the Bishop, of Earl Ferrars, of Hugh de Mortimer, and 
of Gervase Paganell. All these four had Fiefs, greater or less, in other Counties than 
Stafford, nay, Hugh de Mortimer had only two Manors in Staffordshire, while else- 
where in eleven other Counties he had more than a hundred and twenty. It was not 
that these four potentates had as yet declared their allegiance to the Duke. It was 
rather that he hoped and expected them to do so. 

" And I have given unto him the Fief of Alan de Lincoln, who 
was Uncle of his (the Earl's) mother." 

This was intended in augmentation of Earl Ranulf s Lincolnshire Honour of Greet- 
ham ; this, too, was in scorn of King Stephen, under whom Randulf de Bayeux was at 



THE TREATY OF DEVIZES, A.D. 1153. 225 

the moment holding the vast Lincolnshire Barony which had accrued to him by his 
marriage with Margaret, only daughter and heir of Alan de Lincoln. 

It is not probable that the bit of genealogy propounded in the Duke's diploma was 
intended to make out any hereditary claim for Earl Raoulf on the Fief of Alan de 
Lincoln ; but it is very wonderful to hear from so good an authority that Alan de 
Lincoln was Uncle of Lucia Taillgebosc. 

Two of the ablest genealogists of the last generation, each a very jEdipus in the 
solution of pedigradal puzzles, explored this question somewhat too rigorously, and, 
therefore, in vain. It is impossible of solution, unless, sticking to the differeutal 
meaning of the word avunculus, we are content to accept Alan de Lincoln as half- 
brother of Lucia Malet ; or unless, on the other hand, we interpret avunculus to be 
patruus, and look upon Alan de Lincoln as half-brother of Ivo Taillgebosc. 

I do not know whether the brotherhood of Alured de Lincoln and Alan de Lincoln 
has been proved, or only accepted as probable, by the very sound genealogists above 
alluded to. Say for a moment that they were brethren, suppose (it is not a very wild 
guess) that Alured relinquished to Alan his great Lincolnshire Fief, accepting in lieu 
thereof at the hands of William Rufus a Doiset marriage and a richer Barony ; sup- 
pose all this, and these speculations, always more or less erroneous in detail, are 
somewhat encouraged, and their better adjustment may still be hoped for, when we 
find Ivo Taillgebosc and Alured de Lincoln mentioned, not indeed as related to each 
other, but as related to a third person, vii., to that Turold, who preceded Ivo Taill- 
gebose in the Shrievalty of Lincolnshire: 

To continue : The Duke gives to Earl Eanulf the Fief of Erneis 
de Burun as his (the Earl's) inheritance. 

The expression is ambiguous. Does it mean that Earl Ranulf had already an 
hereditary claim on' the escheated Fief of Erneis de Burun ? Or does it mean that 
the Duke now gives the said Fief to the said Earl, to hold thereafter in fee and 
inheritance ? 

Probably the meaning is something different to either of these two. 

Erneis de Burun seems to have suffered forfeiture in the earlier half of Henry I.'s 
reign. The bulk of the Escheat was bestowed by that King before A.D. 1114 on 
Geoffrey fitz Pagan. Geoffrey fitz Pagan's son, William Trusbut, was one of those 
lowly adventurers whom Ordericus describes the King as wont to " pick out of the 
mire." But the fact is that it was to the father, if to anyone, that Orderic's words 
were applicable, and of the father Orderic had never heard. In Geoffrey fitz Pagan, 
and in the escheated Fief of Erneis de Burun, originated the Barony of " Trusbut of 
Watre." Of William Trusbut, I can only say that he seems to have been a partizan 
of Stephen, that he was probably living and holding the Barony of Watre at the 
time of Duke Henry's advent, and that he was deceased five years later. 

King Henry I. did not give all Erneis de Burun's escheats to Geoffrey fitz Pagan ; 
he gave a part thereof a part which was in Yorkshire to Comte Alan, which Comte 
Alan, by the way, can have been none of the Richmond line, but must have been 
Alan fitz Hoel, Comte or Duke of Greater Bretagne, who, besides being Henry I.'s 
brother-in-law, had a son, Conan, married to one of the King's natural daughters. 

The residue of Erneis de Burun's escheats is described by Henry I., at the close of 
his reign, as " all the land wheresoever which had belonged to Ernisius de Burun, 
except that which I gave to Comte Alan of the same Fief in Eboraschira." And by 
this Deed, which passed at St. Albans between the years 1129 and 1133, King Henry 
I. gave the said residue to Ranulf, Earl of Chester. 

So then the Duke's grant at Devizes in 1153 was but a renewal of his grandfather's 
Grant at St. Albans more than twenty years previously. The Grantee was the same 
Earl Ranulf in each case. It may have been in the Duke's hidden intention to oust 
Q 



226 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

William Trusbut from Watre and from his Lincolnshire fief. Of that we can know 
nothing. We merely point out that it was no great strain of language to call that 
the Earl's "inheritance" which had been given him twenty years before in fee and 
in inheritance. 

Furthermore, the Duke gives to the Earl the fee of Hugh de 
Scotenei and the fee of Eobert de Chalz, wherever situate, and all 
the fee of Ralph fitz Odo and of Norman de Verdun, and the fee of 
Robert de Stafford, wherever situate. 

This must not be misunderstood as a sentence of confiscation. The five Baronies 
were to remain intact, but the Barons were to become Barons of the Earl of Chester, 
and not to remain Barons of the King. The word " feodum " throughout the clause 
means fealty rather than fief. It is probable that one, it is improbable that another, 
of these five Barons was a warm supporter of Stephen. Of the politics of three we know 
nothing. The question with the Duke was not whether these Barons would prefer 
to hold under King or under Earl, but whether the Earl of Chester wished for their 
homage and service. Accordingly we observe a remarkable appropriateness in some 
of these Baronies for annexation to one or other of the several Fiefs of Earl Ranulf. 
For instance, Scotenei's Barony was in Lincolnshire it was the Domesday Fief of 
Bainer de Brimou. Robert de Cauz' Barony was partly in Lincolnshire ; so far as it 
was in Lincolnshire, he had it by descent from Geoffrey Halseline, a Domesday Baron, 
or from a brother of Geoffrey Halseline, deceased before Domesday. 

About Ralph fitz Odo I'have no light, nor any conjecture worth offering. There 
were probably two contemporaries of that name, neither of them of any notoriety. 

Norman de Verdun's Fief was in Buckinghamshire, Leicestershire, Staffordshire, 
Lincolnshire, and possibly in other Counties. Among Manors, inherited from his 
father, was Farnham, Bucks. His marriage with a daughter of the Chamberlain 
Clinton, his previous feudal connection with the Earls of Chester, and his evident 
relations with the family of De Humez, may possibly account for the pro- 
gressive acquisitions of the family. It is obvious that Duke Henry, subjecting 
Norman de Verdon's fief to the Earl of Chester and Stafford, can have been actuated 
by no unfriendly feeling towards the Tenant. 

With Robert de Stafford it was, perhaps, otherwise. He inherited from his Domes- 
day Grandsire a Fief which absorbed a great portion of Staffordshire, and extended 
into the Counties of Warwick, Worcester, Lincoln, Northampton, Oxford, and 
even into Suffolk. He had been, by necessity or by choice, a supporter of Stephen, 
nay, at this moment he held his Staffordshire Barony under Stephen, not as King of 
England, but as Comte of Mortaiii. The arrangement was a pourpresture on the 
Crown, and as such was quashed by Henryll. on his accession. But now, at Devizes, 
in 1153, Duke Henry, presenting Ranulf de Gernons with the Earldom of Stafford, 
might well consolidate the gift by adding the fealty and service of the greatest and 
perhaps most disaffected man in the County. 

The Duke presents Earl Ranulf with thirty Librates of land 
which he (the Duke) had in Grimsby. 

Great Grimsby commanded, on the Lincolnshire side, the widest and most easterly 
passage of the Humber. At the date of Domesday the capital manor was in the Fief 
of Ralph de Mortimer ; but Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, and his tenant, Losoard, had a 
considerable Soke in Grimsby, and Drogo de Benrere had a small Berewick there. 
Within thirty years of Domesday, Mortimer's Manor, the essential feature of this im- 
portant position, was annexed to the Crown, the ' ' Bayeux " or " Dover Fee" as it was 
called, was an escheat ; but Haino Dapifer, a Kentish Baron, had been bentficed with 



THE TEEATY OF DEVIZES, A.D. 1153. 227 

a large estate in Luceby and the neighbourhood of Grimsby, theretofore included in 
Bishop Odo's Fief. 

At the time of the Treaty of Devizes, the whole of Grimsby was in the Crown, and 
whereas Duke Henry claimed the Crown, he claimed Grimsby. The Ferm of tho 
estate was more than 100 per annum. Four years later it was 111 per annum. 
Why Earl Ranulf should ask for, or expect, a portion of this income, is a matter of 
the merest puess. The right heir of Hamo Dapifer at this juncture was William, 
Earl of Gloucester, and the present Countess of Chester, was Earl William's sister. 
Her maritagium, originally fixed by her father, Earl Robert, of Gloucester, and her 
grandfather, King Henry I., may have included some charge on the rents of Grimsby. 

The Castle and Borough of Nottingham, and whatever the Duke 
(affecting Koyalty) had in Nottingham, he gives to Earl Eanulf and 
his heirs in fee and inheritance ; also all the fee of William Peverel , 
wherever situate, "unless the said William could exculpate himself 
in the Duke's Court of wickedness and treason." 

Here we see what it was that set William Peverel on that murderous design which 
nine months later resulted in Earl Ranulf s death. 

The Duke excepts Hecham from his grant of all Peverel's fief 
to Earl Eanulf, but if neither Engelran de Albamarle nor Ear] 
Simon should be willing to espouse the Duke's cause, and if the 
Duke could take Hecham by force of arms, then he gives it up to 
Earl Eanulf, should the latter care to have it. 

Higham, afterwards known as Higham Ferrers, was in Northamptonshire. It was 
strictly of the Fee of Peverel, having, at the date of Domesday, been held by 
William Peverel's predecessor, the alleged son of the Conqueror. 

I imagine that the Duke, determined on the ruin of William Peverel, but wishing 
to detach Ingelram de Albamarle and Simon, Earl of Northampton, from Stephen's 
cause, had already offered them inducements,Miter Zm,and Peverel's Manor of Higham. 

Ingelram de Albamarle was brother of William, Comte of Aumale, surnamed Le 
Gros. The Comte was a zealous Stephanite, as his relationship to the House of Blois 
would suggest. Among the Annals of Thornton Abbey is a passage suggesting that 
Ingelram de Albamarle died in 1149. The Duke's Charter shows him alive in 1153. 

Simon de St. Liz, Earl of Northampton, died within a few weeks of the Treaty of 
Devizes. He died in the Army of Stephen, then engaged in the siege of Wallingford. 

The Duke, proceeds to give Torkesey, and the Wapentac of 
Oswardebec, and Derby with all its belongings, and Mammesfield 
with its soke, and Rutland with its soke, and Stanley, near 
Coventry, with its soke. 

These were mostly Crown estates. Torksey was a suburb of Lincoln, but a borough, 
governed by its own Burgesses, and with like customs as the City of Lincoln. 

Oswardebec was a Wapentac of Nottinghamshire. The grant of a Wapentac is 
rather a grant of jurisdiction than of material territory. If the Nottinghamshire 
Domesday be correctly rubricated, all the Manors which owed suit to Oswardebec 
Wapentac were in the Fee of Roger de Busli. 

Derby was a Burgh of the ordinary type, two parts in the Crown, one in the Earl- 
dom. Robert, the existing Earl Ferrers of 1153, though we may hardly call him 
"Earl of Derby," had the Comital share of the Burgh. Mansfield, in Nottingham- 
shire, was a large Manor of Royal Demesne, with numerous sokes and dependencies. 



228 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

Rutland, though at the time of the Survey it had been partly in Nottinghamshire, 
partly in Northamptonshire, was now (A.D. 1153) a County in itself. At the time 
of the Survey, the Nottinghamshire portion of F utland was in the Crown, and yielded 
an annual ferm of 150. The Northamptonshire portion was in several hands. What 
the Duke gave to Earl Ranulf was, I imagine, a Jurisdiction, together with whatever 
rents might stUl be accruing to the Crown, from Manors, not alienated before the 
death of Henry I. , nor yet by the Empress. 

Stanley (now written Stoneleigh) was in Warwickshire, and a Manor of Ancient 
Demesne. It had no soke particularized in Domesday. The internal elements of 
these large Manors were after spoken of as their soke. 

"And of Belvoir," says the Duke, " I will do him (the Earl) his 
right, so soon as I shall be able, as being of his inheritance." 

I do not affect to interpret this allusion. The early history of the Honour of Bel- 
voir is worse than mysterious ; it is masked by wilful falsehood. Robert de Todeni, 
the founder of Belvoir Castle and Priory, was succeeded, said the Monks of St. 
Albans, by a son William, which William the same Monks identified with William 
de Albini Brito, the favourite of Henry I. , and the supporter of Stephen Grantee, 
it may have been, of a great part of Todeni's fief, though not of Belvoir Castle, at 
the hands of Henry I. 

Dugdale, following the Monastic account, identified William, son and heir of 
Robert de Todeni (alias Robert de Belvidere) with William de Albani Brito (I.). The 
latter occurring first about 1121, and then seized, as I believe, of much of Todeni's 
lands died in 1155. That he was related to the house of Todeni is probable enough, 
not only because William de Albini Brito did eventually succeed to both the Honour 
and Castle of Belvoir, but in that a younger brother of this William de Albini called 
himself Robert de Todeni (Totineyo). But the identity of the two Williams is in- 
credible ; for we know that William de Todeni succeeded his father (that is, circa 
1088), and yet there is a long interlude of indirect Tenure between such succession 
and the advent of William de Albini (I.). Moreover, William de Todeni, born at 
least as early as the Conquest, will have lived to the age of 90, and- survived his 
father some 67 years if he were identical with William de Albini (I.). Lastly, 
Thomas, Lord de Ros, the descendant of Albini Brito, chartering Belvoir Priory in 
the reign of Henry VI., spoke of William, son of Robert de Totineyo, and William 
de Albincio Primus as distinct persons. 

And now for the hiatus which the St. Albans monks filled up so demurely : In 
the year 1114, the Fief which Robert de Todeni and his son Berenger had held in 
Lincolnshire (A.D. 1086) was held in capite by Robert de Lisle. And this Robert 
de Insula, taking his name apparently from the Isle of Wight, seems to have married 
a northern heiress, for his wife, Albreda, joined him in a grant of land to St. Mary's 
Abbey, York. 

The Pipe-Roll of 1130 mentions Robert de Insula twice, and as if in pecuniary 
difficulties. He owes a fine of five merks to have right concerning some land in the 
Isle of Wight ; and in Yorkshire he accounts for part of a Fine, the object of which 
was to recover some land held by William Torneant, a Sheriffs Officer or Escheator, 
or it may be a Usurer of the period. 

In the same Pipe-Roll, under Lincolnshire, I find Adeliza, wife of Roger Bagot, 
owing 198 (and that only a balance) of a Fine, "pro terra patris sui de Belveder." 
And, again, in the same Roll, I find the Danegeld (six shillings) remitted on Belvoir 
Castle obviously as being in manu Regis, while the Lincolnshire Fief of William 
de Albini Brito has a distinct exemption of thirty-three shillings obviously as a 
personal favour to himself. 

It will hardly solve or simplify the riddle now before us if I say that within the 



THE TREATY OF DEVIZES, A.D. 1153. 229 

next thirty years there is much appearance of kinship between the houses of Bigot 
and Albini-Brito, while in the year of 1166 Earl Hugh Bigot, giving account of hia 
Tenure-in-capite, appends thereto a statement of his seigneury over 10 knight's 
fees, which he entitles DE FEODO ALBREIWG DE INSTTLA. 

With all this mystery as to the relative interests of De Lisle, Bigot, and Albini- 
Brito in the honour of Belvoir and the heirship of Todeni, we may well be excused 
our amazement on hearing that Ranulf de Gernons was mixed up in the matter of 
heirship. That Duke Henry would gladly have ousted Albini from Belvoir, or at 
least decurted his Barony, we may well believe. 

" And to six of Earl Kanulf s Baron's " (continues the Duke) 
" whom he may select, to each of them I will give 100 librates of 
such land as I may happen to wrest from mine enemies, to be 
holden (immediately) of myself. And to all the Earl's friends and 
supporters (parentibus) I restore their heritages so far as I have the 
power to do so, and, where. I have no such present power, I will see 
them fully righted as fast as I gain it." 

These words require no comment ; but we shall be shewing small 
deference to the historical importance of the Diploma if we omit 
to say something further about its witnesses. 

THE WITNESSES OF THE TREATY OF DEVIZES. 

WILLELMUS CANCELLARIUS. Attested several of Duke Henry's 
diplomas of 1153. He was possibly the same with William fitz 
Gilbert, who had been Chancellor to the Empress in 1141. Mean- 
while a Chancellor named Eichard had served the Empress, her 
husband, and her son, Henry, in succession. 

R. COMES CORNUBLE. Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, the Duke's 
Uncle, said by a French historian to have been a main instrument 
of the Duke's success in regaining his birthright. 

R COMES HEREFORD. Roger, son and heir of Milo de Gloucester, 
the staunchest of legitimatists. Milo, having been created Earl of 
Hereford by the Empress in 1141, had fallen in battle 24th Dec. 
1143. Earl Roger, now a supporter of the Duke, fell under some 
mistrust soon after the restoration. He died in cloister, without 
issue. None of his brothers was allowed to succeed to the 
Earldom. The title was eventually revived in the descendants of 
one of Earl Roger's sisters, viz., of Margaret, wife of Humphrey 
de Bohun. 

PATRICIUS COMES SARISBURLE. Another Earl of the Empress's 
creation. 'The period of his creation is unknown. As late as 1144 
he is entitled " Constable " only. 

UMFRIDUS DE BUHTJN. Humphrey de Bohun, third of both 
names, had been Steward to the Empress, and was now holding the 



230 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

same office under the Duke. He was son-in-law of Earl Milo, and 
first cousin of Earl Patric. 

J. FILIUS GILBERT!. Afterwards better known as John Marshall. 
He served King Henry II. in that office from 1155 to 1166. The 
subsequent generations of this family have not been satisfactorily 
made out by genealogists. The Earls Marshall inherited the office 
of John fitz Gilbert by direct descent in the male line. They be- 
came Earls of Strigoil or Pembroke, by marriage with the heiress 
of Strongbow. In the same right they seem to have acquired a 
moiety of the Honour of Earl Giffaord. 

E. DE HUMEZ CONSTABULARIUS. Eichard de Humez, Constable 
of Normandy, an office which became hereditary in his descendants. 
He served with great repute under Henry II., till A..D. 1180, when 
he took the cowl in his own Abbey of Aunay. To the learning and 
sagacity of the late Thomas Stapleton, Esq., we owe our conviction 
that Eichard de Humez was descended from the Conqueror's 
brother, Odp, Bishop of Bayeux. 

GUARINUS FILIUS GEROLDI. Warin fitz Gerold, the eldest of two 
brothers, introduced into England by Duke Henry at this period. 
They afterwards served in turn the office of Eoyal Chamberlains. 
Warin died without issue. Henry, his younger brother was an- 
cestor, through a female, of De Eedvers, Earl of Devon. Warin 
and Henry were, perhaps Cadets of that great Norman house of 
Fitz Gerold, which gave an origin to the Tankerville Chamberlains 
of Normandy, to the Earls of Salisbury, and to De Eomara, 
sometime Earl of Lincoln. 

EOBEBTUS DE COURCEY DAPIFER. This was he, who having 
been a Steward under Henry I., the Empress, and Duke Henry, 
was consistently addressed as a Justiciar of Normandy by Henry 
when King. He fell in the Welsh Invasion of 1157. His nephew, 
William, eventually his heir, became Seneschal of Normandy, 
which simply means that he was the chief of the Dapiferi or 
Justiciars of the Duchy. 

MANASSES BISET DAPIFEE. Continued in office after Henry's 
accession to the throne, and till the year 1366. He was one of the 
so-called 'Strangers' of the Eestoration. Henry gave him the Wor- 
cestershire Manor of Kidderminster. 

PHILIPPUS DE COLUMBARIIS. Another Stranger. His marriage 
with the heiress of De Candos entitled him to the Domesday 
Barony of Alured de Hispania, and to estates in Devon, Somerset, 
and Monmouthshire. 



THE TREATY OF DEVIZES, A.D. 1153. 231 

WITNESSES ON THE PART OF KANULF, EARL OF CHESTER. 

WILLELMUS COMES LINCOLNIJE. William de Eomara, first created 
Earl of Cambridge and afterwards Earl of Lincoln by Stephen, was 
uterine brother of Earl Eanulf and older by many years. From his 
mother, Lucia Tailgebosc, William de Eomara, as her oldest son, 
inherited^ the Honour of Bolingebroke in Lincolnshire. From bis 
father, Eoger fitz Gerold, he inherited his Norman Fief. It is pro- 
bable that having been exiled by Stephen, he was the more ready 
to adopt the cause of Duke Henry. He did not long .survive the 
Eestoration. His heir, holding the Fief of Bolingbroke in A.D. 
1166, was his grandson. The Earldom of which William de 
Ej/mara I. had been sometime seized, was not confirmed to any of 
his descendants. It was construed at a later date to be inherent in 
the Honour of Bolingbroke, and the Grandson of Earl Eanulf de 
Gernons attaining at length the Honour of Bolingbroke, attained 
also the Earldom of Lincoln. 

HUGO WAG. Ancestor of the Baronial House of Wake, of Lydell. 
Some years before the advent of Duke Henry, Hugh le Wake ap- 
pears in attendance on Eanulf, Earl of Chester. His marriage with 
a coheiress, the daughter of Baldwin fitz Gilbert, eventually placed 
Hugh de Wake among the Barons of Lincolnshire. Monastic 
mendacity, Philo-Saxon enthusiasm, and blind credulity, have in- 
vented and illustrated the story of Hugh le Wake's origin. 
Here ward the hero of Isle Ely, was, forsooth, the ancestor of Hugh,- 
and Hereward in his day was surnamed Le Wac ! ! From like 
founts of falsehood and idolatry we derive the astonishing intelli- 
gence that Hereward " the last of the Saxons " was son of Earl 
Leofric and Godiva ! ! Descending to sober fact, we find that Hugh 
le Wac's name was of Flandrian origin, and that his territorial 
antecedents belonged to Normandy. 

G. CASTELLANUS DE FINES. This Officer has not occurred to the 
writer in any other diploma of the period. 

SIMON FILIUS WILLELMI. Ancestor of the Barons Kyme, of 
Lincolnshire. In frequent attendance on Earl Eanulf. After the 
Earl's death appointed by King Henry II. to be one of the Custodes 
of the Honour of Chester, pending the minority of the heir. 

TURSTINUS DE MoNTEFORTi. A great landholder under the Earl 
of Warwick ; but he had other Suzerains. What he may have held 
under the Earl of Chester I have not enquired. 

GAUFRIDUS DE COSTENTIN. Was of Thorpe Constantine, Staf- 
fordshire. The Earl of Chester was Seigneural Lord of the 



232 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

adjoining Manor of Clifton, and it is quite supposable that at this 
particular period the Earl exercised or claimed a seigneury over 
Thorpe and other Manors, outlying parcels of the Honour of 
Lancaster. 

WILLELMUS DE VERDON. Brother probably of Norman de Verdon. 

EICARDUS PINCERNA. Hereditary Butler of the Earls of Chester, 
and a frequent witness of Earl Ranulf's Charters. 

KOGERUS WAG. Brother, perhaps, of Hugh, the previous witness. 

SIMON FILIUS OSBERTI. A witness of other of Earl Ranulf's 
Charters in this the last year of his life. 

The story of the Treaty of Devizes would be less complete were 
we to omit some notice of a treaty or compact made some twelve 
years previously. The necessarily two-sided and changeful policy 
of Earl Ranulf de Gernons was always consistent with a changeless 
ambition. Early in December, 1140, Stephen was in Lincolnshire. 
He was then antagonizing the Empress " with all the power of 
parchment." By Charter he granted to Ranulf, Earl of Chester, the 
Castle and City of Lincoln, to be held by the Earl till the Earl's 
possessions in Normandy should be restored to him by Stephen's 
intervention. This done, the Earl is still to fortify and to hold one 
of the towers of Lincoln Castle until the King shall have restored 
to him the Castle of Tickhill ; upon which the King shall have the 
whole of Lincoln Castle, the Earl's tower included. Stephen also 
grants to the Earl Greetham, with its Soke (this surely was no 
more than a confirmation), Newcastle-under-Lyme (perhaps founded 
originally by the Earl himself, or one of his predecessors), the 
Honour of Blythe, the land of Roger the Poictevin, from North- 
ampton to Scotland, except Roger de Montbegon's land in Lincoln- 
shire, the Honour of Lancaster, the land between the Ribble and 
Mersey, and other specified lands. 

It would seem that Stephen quitted Lincolnshire without ful- 
filling his whole promise to the Earl ; for when in December, 1140, 
the Earl and his brother rebelled against Stephen, their first pro- 
ceeding was to eject a garrison which Stephen had left in Lincoln 
Castle. 

The stirring sequel, the immediate siege of Lincoln Castle by 
Stephen, Earl Ranulf's escape by night, the indomitable energy 
and profound strategy which enabled him forthwith to levy and to 
bring a mighty host to the relief of Lincoln, the battle of February 
2nd, 1141, and the capture of Stephen, were the events of a month. 

A minor incident of this great drama demands notice, as con- 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD'S AWARD IN FAVOUR OF STONE PRIORY. 233 

nected with the territorial and hereditary problems which we have 
been exploring. 

Before the Battle of Lincoln, Stephen had entrusted the " Baili- 
wich of Tickhill, with all the outlying lands" (the Honour of Blythe 
in short), to Henry, Comte of Ewe, whom we afterwards find to 
have had a claim of inheritance thereto. The Comte fought at 
Lincoln on the side of Stephen, and was taken prisoner. The 
Castle of Tickhill, meanwhile had not been committed to the 
Comte. William de Clerfei had had custody of the Castle as 
Constable thereof, on behalf of Stephen, and it was in his hands, as 
Constable, when Stephen was taken prisoner. Afterwards, so we 
are told, Comte Henry recovered the lands of the Honour, but he 
never recovered the Castle. 



THE STAFFOKDSHIKE CHARTULAEY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XIV. 

lira JANUARY, ANNO DOMINI 1155. ANNO 1 HENRY II. 

CERTIFICATE OF AWARD MADE BY ROBERT DE STAFFORD (n. ) AND HIS ASSESSORS 

AS TO DISPUTES BETWEEN THE CANONS OF STONE AND ERNALD, SON OF 

ENISAN DE WALTON. 

(Harleian Charters, XIII., 6. British Museum.} 

Eobertus de Staford omnibus hominibus et amicis suis Francis 
et Anglis salutem. Noverint universi tarn posteri quam presentes 
quod ego E. filius Nicholai de Staford fui apud Stane propter quan- 
dam controversiam que orta fuit inter Ernaldum de Waleton filium 
Enisani et canonicos de Stane de quibus questus erat idem Ernaldus 
quod qusedam ad suum jus pertinentia occupaverant et in suos usus 
redigerant. Et quia possessio de qua agebatur ecclesiastica erat, 
affuerunt ex parte domini Walteri Episcopi Cestrise Willelmus 
Archidiaconus Cestrise et Radulfus Archidiaconus de Staford et 
Willelmus (Archidiaconus de) Lundon qui eandum causam diligenter 
audirent et ecclesiastico judicio, loco Episcopi, terminarent. Kobis 
itaque presentibus canonici cartas suas et munimenta protulerunt 
quibus continebatur quod qutecunque adversus eos Ernaldus clama- 
bat juste et canonice possidebant sicut ea qua3 isdem Ernaldus et 
Enisanus pater ejus concessione et confirmatione patris mei et mea 
ad opus ecclesie de Stanes vendiderant et quae Rogerus Cestrie 
Episcopus petitione ejusdem Ernaldi et Enisani speciali auctoritate 
confirmaverat. Perpendimus etiam ex eisdem cartis litem aliquant 
de eadem possessione fuisse inter predictos canonicos et Hugonem 



234 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

Vigilem qui tune tempore ex dono Enisani et concessu Eegis 
Henrici Waleton possidebat, et eandem litem apud Beccheham quod 
est in Cancia in curia et presentia ipsius Eegis terminatam et pos- 
sessionem ipsam de qua agebatur Ecclesiae de Stane adjudicatam 
et in perpetuam elemosinam ejusdem Eegis carta confirmatam. 
Privilegium etiam domini Eugenii Papse protenderunt in quo pre- 
fatos canonicos in protectione beati Petri et sua susceperat et totas 
eorundem possessiones apostolica auctoritate confirmaverat per- 
vasores vero et perturbatores ipsius ecclesias distincto anathemate 
feriebat. Cognoscentes igitur causam suam et possessionem 
canonicorum tot munimentis roboratam tot auctoritatibus confir- 
matam, paci prseterea providentes, predictam controversiam comuni 
consilio tarn clericorum quam laicorum hac compositione termina- 
vimus, videlicet quod predictus Ernaldus totam colurnpniam suam 
quam contra canonicos habebat in presentia omnium nostrum 
omnino et absque ulla retractione remisit et perpetuo quietum eis 
clamavit quicquid ea die in Stanes et in Waleton possidebant, in 
bosco in piano, in pratis, et pasturis et exitibus viarum et exartis, in 
terris et decimis, in aquis et aliis quibuscunque rebus. Canonici 
vero croftam unam in Waleton de eis tenendam in feodo et here- 
ditate Ernaldo concesserunt quae erat proxima et contigua curti sui 
et pro quadem wara quam in eadem Waleton Stephanus et 
Eadulphus de canonicis ea die tenebant alteram waram in Estona 
quam Manius de Ernaldo ea die tenebat ab eodem Ernaldo in es- 
cambium receperunt ea conditione quod Ernaldus et heredes ipsius 
adquietabunt waram illam de Estona de omni calupnia et de omni 
servitio et consuetudine ad me sive heredes meos pertinente et ita 
liberam et quietam earn facient sicut erat wara de Waleton quando 
fuerat in manu canonicorum. Ego ergo Eobertus de Staford petitione 
ipsius Ernaldi et assensu canonicorum hoc escambium inter eos 
cdncessi et waram illam de Estona ex toto quietarn erga me et 
heredes meos ecclesie de Stanes in perpetuum confirmavi. Et Er- 
naldus ejusque heredes de wara de Waleton restituent mihi ex 
integro servitium quod debebant mihi pro wara de Estona. Hsec 
autem compositio inter canonicos et Ernaldum facta est anno ab 
incarnatione domini mo c . . . , iij. idus Januarii, Feria iij. in 
ecclesia de Stanes, et Ernaldus ibidem tacto sacrosancto altari pacem 
et fidem eidem Ecclesise sese conservaturuin firmavit. Et ego 
Eobertus ut frater et advocatus ipsius ecclesise hoc idem super altare 
confirmavi. Hujus compositionis testes sunt Willelmus Archi- 
diaconus Cestrise, Eadulfus Archidiaconus Staford, Willelmus Archi- 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD'S AWARD IN FAVOUR OF STONE PRIORY. 235 

diaconus Lundon, Kobertus Bagot, Robertus deWitegreve, Ada' filius 
Aldwini, Ricardus, et alter Ricardus, et Ranulfus, et Alanus et 
Willelinus clerici, Rogerus filius Henrici, Ada' de Aldithel, Robertus 
filius Pagani, Godefridus Bras, Radulfus Blundel et multi alii. 

NOTES. 

This Charter will better be understood if we refer to a Charter 
(Number V.) already given, whereby King Henry L, in the year 
1132-3, arbitrated in a dispute between his Officer, Hugh Vigil, 
and the Canons of Kenilworth as to lands in Walton. 

Most part of the two and twenty years which transpired after the 
decision of King Henry I. were cursed by the national anarchy and 
local disturbances which followed on the usurpation of Stephen. 
During that period Ernald fitz Enisan again troubled the Canons of 
Kenilworth as to their title to part of the land awarded to the said 
Canons by King Henry's Arbitration. Henry II. had not yet 
borne his Crown a month when this new dispute was put in course 
of legal adjustment. 

On Tuesday, January llth, 1155, Robert de Stafford, who was 
both Lord of the Fee of Walton and Sheriff of Staffordshire, sat at 
Stone to adjudicate on the question. The cause was an ecclesias- 
tical one, and so the Bishop of Chester (Walter Durdent) sent three 
Commissioners, apparently as representing himself, and as Assessors 
of the Baron. These Assessors were William (de Villars), Arch- 
deacon of Chester ; Ralph, Archdeacon of Stafford ; and William, 
Archdeacon of London, who, by the way, was Incumbent of the 
great Churches of Bradley and Gnosall, one of Robert de Stafford's, 
the other of the Bishop of Lichfield's Advbwson. 

The Record and decision of this tribunal is a monument of no 
small historical import. It is given above in all its remaining 
integrity. 

THE DATE of the above Charter is not at first sight determinable. 
We see it is of some year of the twelfth century, but of what year 
there is no visible sign. But the composition it describes was 
effected on Tuesday, the llth day of January ; and the only year 
of Walter Durdent's Episcopate, in which January llth fell on a 
Tuesday, was the year 1155. 

Of the persons mentioned as living at this date, viz., January 
llth, 1155, Walter, Bishop of Chester, Ernald fitz Enisan, William 
de Vilers, Archdeacon of Chester, Ralph, Archdeacon of Stafford, 
and William, Archdeacon of London, were all deceased before the 
date of the Liber Niger, March, 1166. 



236 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

There were living at the latter date Eobert, son of Nicholas de 
Stafford, Eoger fitz Henry, Eobert fitz Pagan, and Eobert Bagod. 

It is worth remark how, throughout this authorative manifesto, 
Eobert de Stafford talks of the Church of Stone and the Canons of 
Stone, and says not a word about Kenil worth, its Church, its Priory, ' 
and its Canons, in subjection to whom Stone had been originally 
founded. 

Ere this, the Barons Stafford had established themselves as 
patrons and protectors of Stone Priory. It was virtually indepen- 
dent of Kenilworth. It was the object on which the knights of the 
Stafford Fief were exhorted to bestow their alms. Stone Church was 
destined to be the Mausoleum of the successive Barons. The first 
Eobert de Stafford, himself buried at Evesham, had directed that 
his successors should there be entombed. But his son, Nicholas, 
and his grandson, Eobert, the Arbitrator on the above occasion, 
were unquestionably buried at Stone. 



THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULAEY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XV. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1155. ANNO 1 HENRY II. 

ROBERT DE STAFFORD (n.) CONFIRMS VARIOUS GRANTS TO STONE PRIORY. 
(Harleian Charters, XIII, 6. No. 14-) 



Eobertus de Staford, omnibus hominibus et amicis suis Francis et 
Anglis salutem. Sciatis omnes tarn posteri quam presentes quod 
pro salute animse mese et Avicise uxoris mee et animabus anteces- 
sorum et successorum meorum parentum et amicorum donavi et 
concessi in elemosinam Ecclesise Sanctse Maria? et Sancti Wlfadi de 
Stanes terrain Walteri filii Juthe ('apud Stafford' omitted?) petitione 
et gratuito assensu ipsius. Concede et in elemosinam confirmo 
predictae Ecclesise terram de Frodeswella que est de f eodo meo sicut 
Nicholaus de Mulewic qui de me earn tenebat in elemosina assensu 
meo ei donavit. Similiter concede et confirmo predictae ecclesise 
mediatatem ecclesise de Stokes que est de feodo meo quam Walterus 
de Cheureswall assensu meo ei in elemosinam donavit, terram 
quoque de Erdewic que est de feodo meo quam Willelmus Giffard 
qui de me earn tenebat dedit in elemosinam canonicis de Kinild' 
pro restauratione dampnorurn quos eis intulit et pro absolutione 
sua. Insuper concede et in elemosinam confirmo Ecclesie de Stanes 
terram de escartis que facta fuit in nemore de Waleton quod est 
proximum Stanes assensu Enisani et Erualdi, et terram Briani filii 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD (II.) TO STONE PRIORY. 237 

Chadio proxiinam Castello de Staford. His testibus Roberto Bagot, 
Bernardo Dapifero, et Waltero preposito, et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

Probably this Charter is a confirmation to Stone Priory of dona- 
tions made by the vassals of Robert de Stafford during the latter 
half of Stephen's reign. 

It is again remarkable that the benefactions hereby secured are 
to the Church of Stone no longer to Stone as subject to Kenil- 
worth. The very things here conveyed and secured to Stone are, 
together with Stone itself, secured to Kenilworth by a Charter of 
King Henry II. (Mon. VI., 223, VII.) which, I feel sure, passed 
c. March, 1163. This implies nothing as to the relative dates of 
the two confirmations. It implies, what we have seen at an earlier 
date, viz., that Robert de Stafford did not care to recognise any 
dependence upon Kenilworth of the Priory which was of his own 
Advowson. 

The King's Charter is more specific. It confirms " Ex feodo et 
dono Roberti de Stafford . . . apud Stafford terram Walteri 
filii Juthse et terram Briani filii Cadiho prope Castellum .... 
et ex dono Willielmi Giffard et Rogeri fratris ejus terram quam 
habent in Herdewic." 

Robert de Stafford's Charter mentions his wife, Avice, as if living. 
The witnesses are : 

ROBERT BAGOT, unquestionably an Ecclesiastic the same with 
him who in January, 1155, officiated at the Arbitration of this same 
Robert de Stafford at Stone. (Supra p. 235.) 

BERNARD DAPIFER. Seneschal or Steward of the Honour of 
Stafford. He attests another Stafford Charter noticed below. 

WALTER PRAPOSITUS. Walter de Stafford, Provost (or Mayor) of 
Stafford. The commencement of his official life cannot be guessed 
till we know the date of this Deed. He was in office 1165, and 1172. 
He was then outlawed. His house in Stafford Churchyard re- 
mained for many years an escheat of the Crown. 

STAFFORD CASTLE. The Suzerainty over two plots of land in 
immediate proximity to Stafford Castle, asserted by Robert de 
Stafford and recognised by Henry II., suggests, if it does not tell, 
somethmg as to the site and ownership of the said Castle after the 
death of Stephen. 

FRODESWELL, at the date of Domesday, was an Episcopal Manor. 
What Robert de Stafford had there was perhaps some appurten- 
ance of his neighbouring Manor of Milwich, which he had given in 



238 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

almoign to Nicholas, the Parson of Milwich, and which, with his 
consent, Nicholas had consigned to Stone Priory. 

CHURCH OF STOKE-UPON-TRENT. Domesday mentions no Manor 
of Stoke-upon-Trent, and only one moiety of the Church of Stoches. 
This moiety was then an appurtenance of the Manor of Caverswall, 
held by Ernulf de Hesding, under Eobert de Stafford (I.). The 
Liber Niger (A.D. 1166) seems to indicate Walter de Caverswall as 
no longer holding the Manor of Caverswell under de Stafford, but 
as holding it by service of one muntator under Fitz-Alan, whom we 
know to have been a Coheir of the Domesday Hesding (see Col- 
lections I., pp. 216, 217). All we can say is that the anomalous 
succession in which the Suzerainty of the Manor clearly passed is 
paralleled by that other anomaly which left the moiety of Stoke 
Church in the gift of De Caverswall as a Feoffee of De Stafford. 

In support of the date which I have ventured to bespeak for 
this Charter, the mention of William Giffard's outrage on the Canons 
of Kenilworth seems much to consist with a period of lawless 
aggression, while the recompense exacted savours no less of the 
restoration of Law and Order. 



THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XVI. 

ANNO DOMINI CIRCA 1155-1159. ANNO HENRY II., CIRCA 1-5. 

ROBERT DE STAFFORD CONFIRMS AND INCREASES THE BENEFACTIONS OF HIS 

FATHER, NICHOLAS, TO ERDAURY PRIORY. 

(From the original Charter in the Augmentation Office,.) 



Omnibus Sanctse Matris Ecclesise filiis Eobertus de Stafford 
Salutem. Notum habeat universitas vestra me concessisse et 
presentis scripti muninime confirmasse canouicis de Orbiri dona- 
tionem patris mei Nicholai de Stafford, videlicet unam carucatam 
terrse de dominio apud Tisho id (sic pro id est ?) centum acras in 
uno campo et centum in alio et unam virgatam terrse, et mansuram 
ad opus eorum cum crofto, et xxti acras prati et communitatem 
nobiscum in pasturis et hominibus suis cum hominibus nostris. 
Preteritis vero elemosinis quas eisdem canonicis largitus est 
(patu meus) superaddidi ego aliam carrucatam terrse apud Tisho de 
dominico meo equalem priori et unam virgatam terrse. Has 
quoque predictas donationes eis in perpetuam elemosinana con- 
cessi petitione Avicie uxoris mee cum cheveces (sic) et foreiis et 
rivulis et semitis inter culturas suas et cum omnibus libertatibus 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD TO ERDAURY PRIORY. 239 

suis. Quare volo et firmiter precipio heredibus et hominibus meis 
ut hanc donationem meam ratain habeant et rnanuteneant. Hiis 
T. Waltero Episcopo in cujus presentia heec carta facta. Willelmo 
Abbate, Kogero et Frog' archidiaconis, Aluredo monacho, Kadulpho 
monacho, Magistro Hamone, Bosone, Willelmo de Mungumeri, 
Roberto capellano, Assulfo decano, Hereveo Bagod, Johanne Bagod, 
Hugone filio Fulgeri, Osberto, Unfrido, Ingelranno, Ricardo clien- 
tibus, et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

Erdbury, alias Ardbury, was in Warwickshire, nigh unto 
Coventry, and so in that Diocese. In Domesday it is written 
Edburgeberie. It then had its Priest, and, inferentially, its Church. 
It was held under Turchil de Warwick by his Tenant, Willelmus. 
It contained four hides. 

" Early in the reign of King Henry II., a Priory for Austin 
Canons was founded at ' Orbiri ' by Ralph de Sudley." Such is 
Tanner's dictum, but the Deed before us corrects Tanner's chrono- 
logy, for, if Nicholas de Stafford made a grant to the Canons of 
Orbiri, they were doubtless domiciled at Orbiri as early as the 
reign of Henry I. 

I imagine that Erdbury was at that period held by Ralph de 
Sudeley, under the Earl of Warwick, or one of his greater vassals. 
Elsewhere in Warwickshire, Ralph de Sudeley held something 
under the Baron Stafford, which fact probably induced the favour 
of Baron Nicholas and his son, Robert, to Ralph's foundation at 
Erdbury. In 1166, and so considerably later than this Deed, the 
ssme or a succeeding " Radulfus de Suthleia" still held a fourth part 
of a knight's fee in the Stafford Barony (see Collections,VoL I., p. 187). 

The grants of the two Barons Stafford to Orbiri Priory were part 
and parcel of their great Warwickshire Manor of Tyshoe, at some 
distance from Erdbury and in another diocese. 

It should be noticed that this is the earliest Charter in which 
Robert de Stafford makes mention of the concurrence of his wife 
Avice. He has not as yet introduced his son Robert. The Test- 
ing-clause of this Charter is of interest in relation both to persons 
and dates. 

WAITED, BISHOP OF COVENTRY, consecrated 2nd October, 1149, 
died 7th December, 1159. 

WILLIAM 'ABBOT' was of Radmore, a Staffordshire house, usually 
said to have migrated to Stoneleigh (Warwickshire) in A.D, 1154. 
However, I find Abbot William styled "of Radmore in 1155 and 



240 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

1156." In 1159 he occurs as Abbot of " Stanle " (Stoneleigh) and 
in that year, on 13th December, he died. 

EOGER ARCHDEACON, was of Salop. He held that office from 
1130 to at least 1175, and so under three Bishops. He probably 
resigned office some years before his death. A Prebend of Penk- 
ridge, held by him, appears to have fallen vacant after the death of 
Bishop Peche (6th October, 1182). 

FROGER ARCHDEACON (of Derby) was a Norman, and in favour 
with Henry II., who appointed him his Almoner. Accordingly he 
occurs no earlier than 1155. In 1159 he was appointed Bishop of 
Seez. "While yet Archdeacon of Derby he transmitted to the 
Abbey of Mortimer en Lions a copy of the Old Testament in two 
volumes." 

"ALVERED" MONACHUS attests a Charter of Bishop Durdent, 
circa 1155 (Mon.VIIL, 1244, 1249, VIII, XXIII). 

HAMO and Boso are prominent witnesses in a Charter of Bishop 
Peche, Durdent's successor. 

WILLIAM DE MONTGOMERY. A Church dignitary, elsewhere ap- 
pearing in attendance on Bishop Durdent. 

EGBERT, a Bishop's Chaplain, and ASSULF, a Eural Dean, con- 
clude the series of Clerical witnesses. Then follow the Knights 
and Dependents (clientes) of Eobert de Stafford. 

HERVEY BAGOD (of Bramshall) and JOHN BAGOT (of Blymhill) 
belong to the period (1155-1159). 

HUGH- FITZ FULGERI appears elsewhere as a witness. 

OSBERT, UNFRID, INGELRANN, and EICHARD. Probably Eetainers 
of the Baron. 



IT One or two readings of this Charter are uncertain, but not so as to affect the 
general sense. 



THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULAEY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XVII. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA, 1157-1160. ANNO, CIRCA 3-6 HENRY II. 
ROBERT DE STAFFORD OITES TO WILLIAM DE RIDWARE, IN FEE, THE STAFFORD 

FEE IN RIDWARE. 

(From the Rydeware Chartulary, transcribed Nichol's Leicestershire 
Vol. III., Part 2, p. 999.) 



Eobertus de Stapford omnibus hominibus suis et amicis necnon 
et fidelibus salutem. Notifico vobis me dediBse Willelmo de 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD'S FEOFFMENT OF WILLIAM DE R1DWARE. 241 

Eydeware feodum meum de Eydeware pro suo servitio in feodo et> 
hereditate. Testes Eadulfus filius Bryen, Ulferus de Copehale, 
Willelmus filius ejus, Eicardus de Celle, Eobertus filius Herberti, 
Hugo Mareschallus, Johannes Constabularius, Eicardus de Strep- 
ton, Wluriz camerarius, pluresque alii sui homines qui hie non 
memorantur. 

NOTES. 

The "Eydeware Chartulary" contains a memorandum, viz., that 
it was made by " me, Thomas de Eydeware, son and heir of Walter 
de Eydeware, in the second year of King Edward, son of King 
Edward." 

We are to understand then that -A.D. 1308-9, Sir Thomas de 
Eidware, knight, then Lord of Hamstall-Eidware and other inherited 
estates, transcribed and compiled the muniments of his ancestors, 
one of whom was doubtless that " William de Eydeware " who 
figures as Grantee in the above Charter. 

The volume which resulted has been preserved for ages by the 
Gresley family, and is still in their possession. Whether Sir 
Thomas was himself an incompetent transcriber, or whether his 
copyists have misused their opportunities of reproducing Ijis 
Transcripts, it is manifest on the very face of most of these docu- 
ments that they do not accurately represent the original texts. 

In the above Deed, the only seeming flaw is that the name 
written by Nicholl as "Eobertus filius Herberti" probably stood in 
the original Deed as " Eobertus filius Heleberti," which represents 
" Eobert fitz Ilbert." 

There may well be a doubt about the date of the above Deed. It 
is clear that the Grantee was already "of Eydeware " when he 
accepted Eobert de Stafford's feoffment. It is not so clear what 
other estate he may have had in that district. 

Out of several estates placed by Domesday in Eidware, one was 
then held by Godric under true Abbot of St. Eemigius at Eheims, 
another was held by " Walter," under the Earl of Shrewsbury. 
There are anologies and reasons which tempt one to think that 
either or both these estates were in the tenancy or occupation of 
William de Eydeware before the date which I venture to assign to 
this Stafford Deed. 

As to the date so assigned : the witnesses Ealph fitz Bryen, 
Richard de Celle, Eobert fitz Helebert, and Eichard de Stretton 
were all deceasad before March, 1166 the date of the Liber Niger 
was probably Ulfer de Coppenhall, the second witness. It is 
R 



242 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

" John the Constable's " attestation which, if we were quite sure 
that we identified him rightly, would give us a safe limit of date in 
the other direction. 

In July, 1157, when Eustace fitz John, Constable of Chester, in 
right of his wife, fell at Counsylth, his heir in that high office was 
his grandson, John, afterwards known as " John de Lacy," but at 
first known as "John the Constable," and as "John fitz Eichard, 
grandson of the Lady Agnes fitz Nigil" (who was, of course, Eustace 
fitz John's widow). 

This John was under age in 1157 ; his ordinary Suzerain, the 
Earl of Chester, was under age also. Both wards fell, therefore, in 
turn to the custody of King Henry II. 

Whether the King gave or sold the wardship of John de Lacy to 
Eobert de Stafford, or whether young Lacy's presumed, tenure of 
the Staffordshire Manor of Cauldon under Eobert de Stafford gave 
that Baron any share in the youth's wardship, or whether they 
were otherwise related, I do not care to discuss. Suffice it that I 
have given some grounds for my theory that John de Lacy was the 
" Constable " who at one time was in the suit of Eobert de Stafford, 
and that, if so, the date of this Charter was c. A.D. 1157-1166. 

Let me remind the lovers of Charter-lore that in the first Deed 
of this Series (Supra pp. 195-6), William, Constable of Chester, was 
leading witness of Nicholas de Stafford's Charter to Kenilworth, 
and that as Nicholas de Stafford was father of Eobert de Stafford, 
so was William fitz Nigel, of Halton (the Constable in question), 
great-grandfather of John de Lacy. 

Having stated my conception of the date of this Deed, it will be 
well to show by independent evidence how William de Eidware 
was, previously to his feoffment by Eobert de Stafford, seized of an 
estate in Eidware which he held in capite of King Henry II. 

"H. Eex Anglise et Dux Normannie et Aquitaiiie et Comes 
Andegevie viceconiiti Stafford etministris suis, salutem. Precipio 
quod Willelmus de Eydeware teneat terrain suam de Eydeware 
bene et in pace et quiete" et juste et prohibeo ne super hoc injuste 
ponatur inde in placitum nee novae consuetudines inde de eo injuste 
exigeantur. T. Manasser Biset, Dapifer, apud Eademoram." 

The writer of these notes, thinking nothing at that time of 
William de Eidware, was enabled, by a cognate Charter to Fairwell 
Nunnery, to .fix the date of King Henry II.'s visit to Eadmore as in 
February, 1155 (Itinerary of Henry II., p. 6). 

And now by a further process of reasoning and elimination, we 



AGREEMENT BETWEEN W. DE TANET AND W. DE R1DWARE. 243 

may be assured that the estate thus held in capite by William de 
Kid ware in A.D. 1155, can have been none other than that which 
had been registered in A.D. 1086 (by Domesday) as a virgate in 
Eidware, held by " Walterus" under "Earl Roger" (de Montgomery). 
Appendix to Series II., Number XVII. 

Pertinent to the subject of William de Rid ware, and his tenure 
under Robert de Stafford (II.), is the following uncouth document 
purporting to have been transcribed by Nichols (Hist. Leices., Vol. 
III.. Part II., p. 1004), from the " Rydeware Chartulary," but with 
a naive observation to the effect that the writer did not understand 
it. We may venture to describe it as a Certificate by Robert de 
Stafford that one of two parties gave to the other a fourth part of 
a knight's-fee in Rydeware in marriage with his daughter, and that 
the Baron allowed it. But let the Document speak for itself : 

Robertus de Stapfordia omnibus horninibus suis Anglicis et 
Gallicis salutem. Sciatis me fuisse inter W. de Tanet et W. de 
Rydeware quando dedit terram de Rydeware ei cum filia sua in 
feodo et in hereditate sibi et suis heieditatibus (sic) servitio (sic) 
faciente (sic) scilicet quartam partem militis et concede .et inde 
testis sum et Julianus films suus (sic) et W. mains clericus et 
Edricus presbiter et Walterus f rater W. et Hugo de (sic) Maneston et 
Bernardus Dapifer, et W. Croc et Godefrey Bras de Serdun, 
Mcholaus, Robertus Coif et Edwynus prefectus ; et Robertus de 
Rydeware concessit et Edwynus suus filius, et testes sunt. 

Shaw's Commentary on the above Deed is as follows : 

" It appears by Deed that Robert de Stafford confirmed, and, 
with Julian, his son, attested a grant of the land of .Rydeware from 
William de Tanet to William de Rydeware, with his daughter, in 
fee ; to be held of the said Robert and his heirs by the fourth part 
of a knight's fee ; which gift was also confirmed and attested by 
Robert de Rydeware and Edwyn his son." 

Shaw further remarks that Robert de Rydeware was elder brother 
of William, and that he died without male issue not late in the 
reign- of Henry II., and was succeeded by his brother William, for 
that Edwin his (Robert's) son died without issue in his father's 
life-time." These remarks do not issue from the Deed, except so 
far as there was a Robert de Rydeware who had a son Edwin. 
Otherwise they are gratuitous and altogether inept. 

The obscurity about this Deed need not prevent us deciding its 
date to have been shortly subsequent to Robert de Stafford's feoff- 
raent of William de Rydeware (p. 240). 



244 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 



HUGH DE MANESTON. The name, Mancestre, occurs among the 
benefactors of Polesworth Nunnery, but the name, at all events mis- 
written in this transcript, probably represents Hugh Mauveysin. 
A place in Shropshire, anciently and rightly named Berwick 
Manveysin, is now written Berwick Maviston. 

BERNARD DAPIFER. Steward, probably, to Robert de Stafford. 
He occurs elsewhere as a witness. 

W. CROC. Walter Croc was Forester of Cannock in 1130, 
William his son in 1167. 

GODFREY BRAS, here said to be of Sardon, will occur as a witness 
in several Stafford Deeds somewhat later than this. 

ROBERT GOLF may be identical with Robert Cappe, party to a 
later Ridware Deed (Number XIX. infra). 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XVIII. 

ANNO DOMINI CIRCA 1158-1165, 4-11 HENRY II. 

REINER, SON OF EADRICHT DE WOLSELET, GIVES GATTLEY TO THE NUNS OF 
BLYTHEBURY, WITH CONSENT OF ROBERT DE STAFFORD, ROBERT HIS SON, 
AVICE HIS WIFE, R. DE STRETTON, HERVEY HIS SON, AND ADAM DK 
"WROTTESLEY. 

(From the Monasticon Anglicanum, Vol. IV., p. 160, Number V.) 



Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Rennerius filius Eadricht de 
Wholepeley, per consensum domini mei R. de Stafford et filii sui 
R. et uxoris tsuae Avicise et per consensum R. de Strettona et Hervei 
filii sui et Ad'ae de Wrottesley dedi in perpetuam elemosinam 
totam terram de Gauley cum bosco ad eaudem terrain pertinente 
Sancti-monialibus de Blitheburie, tarn presentibus quam futuris,pro 
redemptione animarum patris mei et mese et Siwardi fratris mei et 
omnium parentum nostrorum, et hoc omnibus fidelibus innotescat 
quod hanc eaudem terram dedit mihi dominus meus Robertus de 
Stafford pro servitio in feodiim et hereditatem. Hujus donationis 
testes sunt Herefeus Bagod, Radulphus filius Horm, Robertus filius 
Radulphi de . . . . Hugo de Ingestre, Willelmus, Harvi de 
Aclea, Adam sacerdos de Colwiz, Gilbertus sacerdos de Colton, 
Hervi frater Reinerii, Radulphus Sigilli mei impressione confirmo. 

NOTES. 

This is one of those typical Charters which, teaching nothing to 
a hasty or superficial observance, will render to a patient investi- 
gation of its antecedents, its conditions, its every word and hint, 
full assurance as to its proximate date, and therewith large instruc- 



REINER DE WOLSELEY TO BLYTHEBURY NUNNERY. 245 

tion as to contemporary feudal usage and diplomatic significancies. 

BLYTHEBURY, now in the parish of Mavesyn-Eidware, being 
already a hermitage, became a domicile for Nuns, about A.D. 1139- 
1146, under the auspices of Roger de Clinton, Bishop of Lichfield, 
and Hugh Mauveysin, of Eidware. 

WOLSELEY, how in the parish of Colwich, was a Domesday Manor 
of the Bishop of Lichfield, and was held under the Bishop by Nigel 
de Stafford, ancester of De Gresley. The tenancy under Nigel or 
his heirs would seem to have passed to Eadricht de Wolseley, 
whose descendants held the Manor, not immediately of the Bishop, 
but with a mesne obligation to the heirs of Nigel. 

GAILEY, otherwise called " Gauley," and " Galey-hay," was in the 
parish of Penkridge, but. topographically and manorially, was 
rather associated with Stretton-on-Dunsmore than with Penkridge. 
In Domesday the Manor is called " Gragelie.' At. that time Estre- 
tone (Stretton-on Dunsmore), Etone (Water-Eton in Penkridge 
parish), Gragelie (Gailey), Sardone (Saredon in Shareshill parish), 
and Servesed (Shareshill), were all Manors, and were all held unqler 
Eobert de Stafford (I.) by his knight, Herveus, the undoubted 
Ancestor of " De Stratton." 

It is evident that one of the successors of Herveus had subin- 
feuded Gailey to Eeiner de Wolseley, but, as was the custom at the 
time, the title of the Arriere Tenant, Reiner, was not secured by any 
Charter of subinfeudation by De Stratton, but by a Charter of 
apparently of direct infeudation, from the Lord paramount, Eobert 
de Stafford. Such Charter will probably have expressed the request 
or consent of De Stratton to the subinfeudation, just as the same 
consent is now expressed to the alienation. No tenant in the 
feudal scale could do aught in the way of subinfeudation or 
alienation without the consent of his superiors in the said scale. 

ROBERT DE STAFFORD'S assent to this almoign was backed by the 
assents of his wife, Avicia, and his son, Robert. The former would 
bar any future or contingent right of dower on the part of the Lady 
in the services normally and theretofore due to the Suzerain 
from the Tenants. The last betokens nothing whatever as to the 
age of young Eobert de Stafford at the time. His confirmation by 
Charter would probably be some day necessary. The Nuns of 
Blythebury would probably purchase it by a fee, the greater or the- 
less, according as he felt bound by the words of this Deed or his 
memory of the occasion. 

R DE STRETTON is undoubtedly Eichard. He was head of the 



246 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

house founded by the Domesday Herveus. He was by possibility 
the son and heir of Herveius. He was living in or after 1157. He 
was deceased in 1166. 

HERVEY DE STRETTON, now heir apparent of Richard, had suc- 
ceeded him before 1166, in which year he appears seized of the 
Streiton Fief, in the Barony of Stafford, and was appointed Sheriff 
of the County. 

ADAM DE WROTTESLEY'S assent to this grant might have become 
nacessary or expedient in many ways. It has been conjectured 
with much plausibility that he was related by blood or marriage 
with the house of De Stretton. (The question has often occurred to 
the writer whether both Hervey de Stretton and Adam de Wrot- 
tesley were not concerned in the Stewardship of the Honour of 
Stafford.) Adam de Wrottesley's interest in Gailey may have con- 
sisted of a rent or of a small parcel of land, given or subinfeuded 
to him by either the Mesne or Superior Lord of the time being. 
In such a case the effect of this Charter would probably be that he 
would continue to hold rent or land, but under the Nuns of 
Blithbury. 

Adam de Wrottesley's entry on Wrottesley was of course anterior 
to this Deed. If, as has been suggested, he was introduced to 
Wrottesley by Adam, Abbott of Evesham, then the date of his in- 
troduction was in or after 1160. If we accept the probability of 
his relations with Abbot Adam, we must needs date this Deed as 
between L161 and 1165. The Liber Niger of 1166 exhibits Sir 
Adam de Wrottesley as responsible for the service of a knight's fee, 
held mediately by the Abbot of Evesham of the Baron Stafford. 

HERVEY BAGOT, held in March, 1166, three knight's, fees of the 
same Baron. 

RALPH, Sotf OF HORM, was of Okeover. His feoffment there 
was between the years 1155 and 1159. He was living in 1175. 

ROBERTUS FILIUS RADULFI DE . . . . The obliterated word 
was probably Staudon. At all events Ralph titz Bryen, Lord of 
Staudon, and father of this Robert fitz Ralph, was living as late as 
the year 1157, and this Robert fitz Ralph appears in 1166 as hold- 
ing six knight's fees of the Barony of Stafford. 

HUGH DE INGESTRE has been already identified in these Col- 
lections (VoL I., p. 175) with Hugo Marescallus, the Stafford 
Tenant of the Liber Niger. 

WILLELMUS HERVI DE AcLE. It is possible that in this signa- 
nature two names have been confused. The only .representative of 



QUIT-CLAIM BY ROBERT AND SIMON CAPPE. 24? 

the witness or witnesses, traceable in- the Liber Niger (A.D. 1166), 
is Herveius de Acleia, holding a third part of a knight's fee (in 
Oakley of course) under Hervey Bagot, already named as the 
holder of three knight's fees in the Barony of Stafford. 

ADAM, PRIEST OF COLWICH. Wolseley was in the parish of 
Colwich a parish which was formed between 1086 and 1166, out 
of contiguous estates of the Bishop's Fief. 

GILBERT, PRIEST OF COLTON. This Colton was not the vill BO 
called, which was in Colwich Parish, and never had any Church or 
Chapel of its own. Colton, the existing Parish, was at some dis- 
tance, and was established as a Parish before the date of Domesday. 
It contained two principal Manors, one of which, comprising the 
Church, belonged at the date of this Deed to the Fief of Ftz Alan, 
the other to the Fief of Robert de Stafford. The Fitz Alan Manor 
was underheld by scions of the house of Manveysin, and Shaw sup- 
poses the Priest, Gilbert, to have been of that family. One Gilbert 
de Colton, probably a Priest, attests a Manveysin Deed at the very 
end of the Century. It is quite possible that the same witness 
should occur at intervals, like 1161 and 1200. 

HERVEIUS FRATER REYNERII. That a Saxon Eadricht should call 
his two sons " Eeyner " and " Hervey," suggests that they were born 
of a Norman mother. Further, the name Hervey among Stafford 
tenants savours of kinship with the house of Bagot or of Stretton. 
In this case, Eadricht's sons appear in circumstantial connexion 
with the latter family. 

RALPH. In Deeds of this supposed date, we find the custom of 
describing a witness by his Christian name adopted, but less fre- 
quently than in the previous aera. If Ralph here designates one 
witness, why should not Willelmus, preceding " Hervi de Acle " in 
the context, designate another ? 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 

SERIES II. NUMBER XIX. 

ANNO DOMINI CIRCA 1158-1165, ANNO CIECA 4-11 HENRY II. 
ROBERT AND SIMON CAPPE RELEASING THEIR CLAIM TO WILLIAM DE RIDWARE'S 
ESTATE AT RIDWARE ; THE TRANSACTION is SANCTIONED AND ATTESTED BY 
ROBERT DE STAFFORD (n.), HIS WIFE, AVICE, HIS SON, ROBERT, AND A FULL 
COURT OF HIS KNIGHTS AND VASSALS. 

(From the Eydeware Chartulary, as transcribed in Nichol's Leicester- 
shire, Vol. III., Part 2, pp. 999 et seqq.) 



Robertus de Stapford omnibus hominibus suis et amicis, Francis 



248 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

et Anglicis, salutem. Significetur vobis quod Eobertus Cappe et 
Symon frater ejus postgenitus sponte sua venerunt in curiammeam 
et ibi ante me et ante curiam quietam clamaverunt Willelmo de 
Eydeware et heredibus suis calumpniam quam habuerunt super 
Eydeware de eis et heredibus eorum et hoc fide sua confirmaverunt, 
et propter prenominatam calumpniam predictus Willelmus dedit 
predicto Eoberto unam marcam argenti et Willelmus filius et heres 
predicti Willelmi dedit predicto Eoberto quendam runcinum 
sqrum cum sella et freno et cum cappa sua trossata et predicto 
Symoni dedit pallium suum et tunicam suam et hoc totum propter 
supradictam calumpniam sibi et heredibus suis de eis et heredibus 
amborum et hoc concessu meo et Avicie uxoris mee, et Eoberti filii 
mei et heredibus (heredum ?) meorum et inde testis sum ego 
Eobertus de Stapford, Avicia uxor mea, et Eobertus filius meus, et 
Walterus de Sumervill, et Petrus de Brimigham, Herveus de Stret- 
tona, Thomas filius Eicardi, Herveus Bagot, Herveus et Eogerus 
filii sui, Willelmus Bagot, Eobertus Bagot, Willelmus et Eicardus 
filii Johannis Bagot, Eobertus de Blora, Godefridus Bras, Helyas de 
Copenhale, Geffray de Westenays, Holgot filius Wydonis, Willelmus 
filius Eadulphi, Eobertus de Standone, Eobertus filius Alani, Horm 
de Nortune, Willelmus et Eobertus filii Willelmi de Wastenays, 
Eobertus filius Hamonis, Eogerus de Hamton, Hugo de Eydeware, 
et Eogerus filius suus, Eobertus de Sallowe, et teste tota curia 
Eob'erti de Staffordia. 

NOTES. 

This Charter, though sanctioned as to its substance by the Court 
of the Barony, was probably drawn up in the Curia Comitattis of 
Stafford. The presents given by William de Eidware and his son 
to the two Quit-claimants were perhaps adapted to the position in 
life or personal needs of the latter. 

THE DATE which is assigned to the Deed (1158-1165) rests 
mainly on two assumptions, viz., that Eobert de Standon suc- 
ceeded his father later than 1157 ; and that Helyas de Copenhale 
was deceased in 1166. With this date the long list of witnesses, 
being quite compatible, becomes in itself of great interest and import. 

WALTER DE SOMEUVILLE, in March, 1166, held two knight's fees 
in the Barony of Stafford. He was deceased in 1176. His two 
Stafford fees were in Wichnor and in Syerscote. He had an interest, 
too impalpable for present discussion, in one of William de Eid- 
ware's tenements in Eidware. A full investigation of the King's 
Manor of Alrewas would show William de Eidware or his des- 



QUIT-CLAIM BY ROBERT AND SIMON CAPPE. 249 

cendants in other relations with Walter de Somerville or his 
descendants. Erdeswick's idea was that Walter, Earl Eoger's 
Domesday tenant at Bid ware, was ancestor of De Eidware ; Shaw 
thought that the said Walter was ancestor of De Somerville. If 
De Somerville can be shewn at any time to harve had a mesne in- 
terest, superior to that of De Eidware, in Walter's Eidware, Shaw's 
is the more reasonable presumption. 

PETER DE BERMINGHAM held, in 1166, nine knight's fees in the 
Barony of Dudley. 

HERVEY DE STRATTON succeeded his father, Eichard, after 1157; 
became Sheriff of Staffordshire at Easter, 1166. 

HERVEY BAGOT and his Sons, HERVEY and EOGER. Hervey 
Bagot, the father, held A.D. 1166, three knight's fees in the Barony 
of Stafford. The Domesday Ancestor, "Bagot," had Bramshall 
only in the said Fief. " Bagot," whether the same or his son, occurs 
in 1130, and under circumstances implying greater importance in 
the feudal scale. Hervey fitz Bagot occurs as head of the house 
before the year 1135, and the name Hervey adhered to successive 
heirs male of this line for more than a century. It is an assump- 
tion, not easily controverted, that Hervey Bagot, of A.D. 1166, was 
second in descent from the Domesday " Bagot." But, looking at 
the number of branches which sprung up in this family within 
eighty years of Domesday, and supposing the generations of the 
elder line to have endured in an average ratio, it becomes credible 
that Hervey of 1166 was great grandson of the Domesday "Bagot," 
and was father of that Hervey who married Milisent, the wife of 
De Stafford. In that case the elder of the two attesting sons of 
Hervey Bagot, named in this Deed, is the Hervey in question. 
At the same rate it becomes improbable that Milisent de Stafford 
was the first wife of Hervey Bagot, junior, or the mother of his 
eldest son. But of this elsewhere. Hervey Bagot, Baron Stafford, 
died about A.D. 1211 ; Eoger, his younger brother, occurs again in 
1182 and in 1203. 

WILLIAM BAGOT held, in 1166, two-thirds of a knight's fee of the 
Baron Stafford. The estate was evidently Bagot's Bromley, and he 
a Cadet of the house of Bramshall. 

EGBERT BAGOT. There were two if not three occurrences of a 
person or persons thus named within twenty-five years. About 
1143-1147, Eobert and Hugh Bagod, brothers, attest Charters of 
Canwell Nunnery. In Stephen's time, Eobert Bagot, called " son 
of Hugh Dapifer," granted land in Tycho (Warwickshire) to Stone 



250 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHAETULAEY. SERIES II. 

Priory. In 1155, Eobert Bagot was one of Robert de Stafford's 
assessors in the arbitration at Stone, abready (p. 235) cited. This 
Robert was doubtless a Clerk, and, as I suppose, was the present 
witness. 

WILLIAM AND RICHARD BAGOT were sons of John Bagot, of 
Blymhill, who, in 1166, held two fees in the Honour of Stafford. 
In 1176, I find mention of William, Roger, John, and Thomas, sons 
of the same John Bagot, of Blymhill. 

ROBERT DE BLORA, in 1166, holds 1 fees (presumed to be Blore 
and Grendon) of the Honour of Stafford. 

GO'DEFRID BRAS was of Sardon. He occur^s several times at dates 
earlier than 1166 ; once he occurs later. 

HELYAS DE COPENHALE, already spoken of, seems to have been 
represented by Geoffrey de Coppenhale, as the Stafford Tenant of 
1166. Ultimately, his estates in Coppenhale, Hyde, and Holedale, 
&c., seem to have gone by marriage to a Cadet of the house of Bagot 
(See Collections, L, 181, 2). 

GEOFFREY DE WASTENEYS was also a Stafford Tenant in 1166 (see 
Collections, L, 177-8). I have no certain indication that his Staf- 
fordshire tenement comprehended more than Tixall and its two 
involved estates of Broncott and Hanyard. Of William de Caldon, 
underholding half of the estate of Geoffrey de Wasteneys in 1166, 1 
can venture to say nothing. 

HELGOT FILIUS WYDONIS. Grandson of Helgot, the Domesday 
Baron, and son (illegitimate ?) of Wydo fitz Helgot, of Quat. tern. 
Henry I. (See Antiquities of Shropshire, IV., 56.) Helgot fitz 
Wydo was probably a Subtenant in the Honour of Stafford, holding 
under his relative, Philip fitz Helgot, Lord in 1166 of Barlaston 
and Bobbington in the said Honour. 

WILLIAM FITZ RALPH. Such a person, being Sheriff of Notts, 
and Derby from 1170 to 1180, frequently visited Staffordshire in 
that interval as a Commissioner or Justiciar. Becoming Seneschal 
of Normandy, he left England in 1179. I refer to Antiquities of 
Shropshire, Vol. X., pp. 15, et segg, for particulars of several con- 
temporaries of the same name. The distinction between Radulf, 
Randulf, and Ranulf is in no case so strictly observed as to aid us 
in the identification of a casual witness like the present. 

ROBERT DE STANDON. This is the Robert fitz Radulf of the 
liber Niger, spoken of elsewhere. 

ROBERTUS FILIUS ALANi. This is probably the Robert fitz Aelem 
of the Liber Niger, the ancestor of the'Swinnertons. The various 






QUIT-CLAIM BY ROBERT AND SIMON CAPPE. "251 

ways in which the Domesday progenitor's name was spelt have 
been detailed. (Collections, L, pp. 174-5.) 

Fitz Aelem is, perhaps, one of those names, which, like Fitz A Ian 
(of Clun), Fitz Warin, and Fitz Helgot, had become generic rather 
than patronymic, before the date of the Liber Niger. It is possible 
that Eobert fitz Aelem, of A.D. 1166, may have been son of the 
Domesday Aelem, it is more probable that he was his grandson. 
He might have been his great-grandson so far as his name is con- 
cerned. At any rate, if he was not the first, he was clearly the last 
of the Fitz-Aelems. His descendants for ages adopted the surname 
of Swynerton. 

HORM DE NORTUNE, if a tenant or sub-tenant in the Honour of 
Stafford,, was probably deceased before 1166, when the Feodary 
gives Philip de Norton in the position of sub-tenant. 

WILLIAM AND ROBERT, sons of William de Wasteneys. This 
form of attestation suggests that William de Wasteneys was living 
at the time of the Quit-claim. He was so living in A.D. 1166, and 
holding two knight's fees in the Barony of Stafford. The Manors 
of his tenure, chiefly in Lincolnshire, are enumerated in these Col- 
lections (Vol. L, p. 175), and were, without a single exception, 
derived from a Domesday ancestor, Goisfrid. 

Eobert de Stafford's Manor of Colton was the only one in this 
County, and at this period, which was held by William de Waste- 
neys. Erdeswick, drawing the descent of this family, made the 
first William de Wasteneys to have been fourth in direct succes- 
sion from the Domesday Goisfrid. The thing is hardly credible, 
and Erdswick, drawing his conclusions from Charters, may have 
misread them. Moreover, contemplating only one family of 
Wasteneys, as involved in Staffordshire, he may have confused the 
two races, whose representatives are so clearly distinguished in the 
Liber Niger. Two brothers, William and Robert de Wasteneys, 
occur in a Lincolnshire business of 3 Rich'ard I. (1191). They were 
possibly identical with the witnesses of this Quit-claim. 

HUGH DE RIDEWARE AND ROGER HIS SON. Shaw (Vol. L, p. 
168) makes this Hugh de Rydeware to have been the contemporary 
chief of the House of Mauveysin, and gratuitously suggests that both 
Hugh and his son, Roger, assumed the cowl and died monks either 
of Burton or Blythbury (sic). This preposterous idea was necessary 
to the Pedigree of Mauveysin, then in process of concoction by this 
imaginative Historian. We are here collecting materials for, not 
seeking the demonstration of; finished Pedigrees. Suffice it to say 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

that Hugh de Eydeware's position in this testing-clause was 
eminently inconsistent with his heing head of the Mauveysins ; and 
that the latter Chief was not succeeded by a son Eoger. 

EGBERT CAPPE, the Quit-claimant in this Deed may possibly 
have been identical with " Eobert Coppe," amerced in 1182 pro 
falso clamorc. 

The two " claims " were certainly not identical. They may have 
concerned the same Plaintiff, and contiguous premises. 



THE STAFFOEDSHIRE CHARTULAEY. 
' SERIES II. NUMBER XX. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1161-1165. ANNO HENRY II., CIRCA 7-11. 

SURRENDER BY HERVEY DE STRETTON AND RICHARD HIS SON TO ROBERT DE 

STAFFORD AND HIS SON. 

(From the Huntlach MS. at Wrottesley fo. 97. Printed Madox 
Formulare, No. DXII.) 



Omnibus Sanctse Ecclesiae filiis tarn presentibus quam futuris 
Herveus de Stretunia salutem. Notum sit omnibus vobis me et 
Eicardum filium meum et heredem reddidisse Eoberto de Staford 
domino meo et filio ejus unam hidam terrse in Burleia quam ibi 
hereditario jure tenebam, liberam omnino a me amodo et heredibus 
meis per escambium quod ad grantum meum ab eis recepi et 
donationem quod inde idem dominus meus Eobertus et films 
ejus Deo et Ecclesiue Sanctae Mariae de Bordesleia in perpetuam 
elemosinam fecerunt bono animo concedo. Ita plane quod si 
aliquis inde predictae Ecclesise calumpniam fecerit ut hereditatem 
meam jure possessam contra omnes homines pro me et heredes 
meos illam adquietabo. Testibus, eodem domino meo E. et filio 
ejus Eoberto. Eoberto monacho de Casteilun, Eoberto filio Odonis, 
Johanne Constabulario, Godefrido Bras, Willelmo filio Lestan, 
Matheo de Witeleia, Waltero de Benhala, Gaufrido de Burleia, 
Widone Walense, Eogero Priore de Stanes, Thoma Presbitero de 
Tetenale, Willelmo Meverel. Toma filio Eadulfi venatoris, Adam 
de Wrotele, Eicardo de Paz, Herveo de (sic) Bagod, et Willelmo 
Bagod, Willelmo de Bray, Willelmo filio Thomse, Osberto forestario 
et Edrico fratre ejus, Adam filio Walteri de Lecu. 

NOTES. 

Eobert de Stafford (II.) wishing to benefit the Monks of Bordes- 
ley, persuades his Tenant, Hervey de Stretton, to surrender a hide 



SURRENDER BY HERVEY DE STRETTON TO ROBERT DE STAFFORD. 253 

of land in Bearley, the Baron giving in exchange land elsewhere to 
his Tenant's satisfaction. 

This surrender either took place in A.D. 1161 or between 1161 
and 1165. It was confirmed by a Charter of King Henry Undated 
apud Fissam, and attested by persons whose joint names prove that 
it cannot have passed later than 1163, But if apud Fissam\>Q only 
a mistranscription -of apud Fiscannum, then the King's confirma- 
tion passed at Fe'camp, and all but certainly in February, 1162. 
(See Formulare Anglicanum, No. LXXVIIL, and Eyton's Itinerary 
of Henry II., p. 55.) 

Without insisting on any nearer limits than 1161-1165 for the 
date of this Deed, we may appeal to it as clinching, and illustrating 
numberless remarks which we have made on the chronology of 
other Deeds and on the individuals mentioned therein, Further 
remarks on the persons named in this Deed here follow : 

EGBERT DE STAFFORD again appears, seconded by his son 
Eobert. 

HERVEY DE STRETTON having succeeded to his* father, Eichard, 
since A.D. 1157, is now seconded by his son and prospective heir, 
another Eichard, a mere feudal formality, for Eichard was probably 
a babe in arms at the date of .this Deed. The last note that I have 
of Hervey is his retirement from the Shrievalty, at Michaelmas, 
1184. His son, Eichard, first occurs as head of the House in A.D. 
1193. At that date Eiehard was either unmarried or only married 
very recently, for his eldest son was as yet unborn. 

EOBERTUS MONACH'US DE CASTEILUN. Wotton Warven Priory, 
founded by one of the Staffords in their "Warwickshire Manor of 
Wotone, was a Cell to the Abbey of Conchis, alias Chastillion, in 
Normandy. Ealph de Toni, who, at the date of the Conquest and 
of Domesday, was Lord of Conchis, was the first Eobert de Staf- 
ford's elder brother. Ealph de Toni died 24th March, 1102 at a 
great age, for he had succeeded, as early as 1042, to his father and 
two elder brothers, all slain in battle at about that date. 

EGBERT FITZ ODO and JOHN CONSTABLE have been duly noticed 
elsewhere. 

GODEFRID BRAS, also (Supra, p. 250), but his prominence in 
this testing-clause will probably have been due to his tenure under 
Hervey de Stretton at Sardon. 

MATTHEUS DE WITELEIA held Witley (Warwickshire) under De 
Stafford. The Tenancy had passed in 1166 to William de Witley. 

GAUFRIDUS DE BURLEIA was of Bearley, Warwickshire. The 



254 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 



first of the name mentioned by Dugdale (History of Warwickshire, 
p. 831) was Nicholas, whose son was William, who had a son Robert. 

ROGER, PRIOR OF STONE. Tanner gives Roger as Prior of Stone 
in 1193, probably a mistake for 1163. 

ADAM DE WROTTESLEY. Again associated in his early career 
with the family of De Stretton (vide Supra, p. 246). 
, HERVEY BAGOD and WILLIAM BAGOD (of Bromley) are noticed as 
witnesses (above p. 249), and as appearing in the Feodary of 1166. 

WILLIAM DE BRAI was of Shenstone. One of both names occurs 
in 1146, 1167, and 1183. 

OSBERT FORESTER was probably a dependent of Bordesley Abbey. 
He occurs in the Chartulary at various dates from A.D. 1151 to 1181. 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XXI. . 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1161-1165. ANNO HENRY II., CIRCA 7-11. 
ROBERT DE STAFFORD CONFIRMING TO THE ABBEY OF CONCHIS. 

(From New Monasticon, Vol. VI., p. 994, Number /.) 
(From the Original in the Archives of King's Colleye, Cambridge.) 



Robertus de Stafford, omnibus Sanctae Ecclesias filiis tarn clericis 
quam laicis, et tarn praesentibus quam futuris salutem. Notum sit 
vobis quod concedo et confirmo, auctoritate mei sigilli, omnes 
elemosinas quas avus nieus Robertus de Toenio, et pater meus 
Nicolaus de Stafford dederunt apud Wotton'am ecclesiae Sancti 
Petri Castellionis et mouachis ibidem Deo servientibus scilicet ec- 
clesiam de Wottona liberam et quietam et absolutam, cum decimis 
et oblationibus ejusdem vill aeet cum'una hida quae adjacet ecclesiae 
Sanctae Marias et cum omnibus ad eandem ecclesiam pertinentibus, 
sine aliquo participe, et cum ali& hida quse vocatur Doversole, et 
cum Decima totius dominii mei de Wottona, tarn in piano, quam in 
bosco, et in pratis, et in omnibus quae pater meus dedit eis, cum 
terra quam ipsi colunt apud Wotton. Haec omnia concedo et con- 
firmo prsedictse ecclesiae imperpetuum teneuda, libere* quiete, et 
absolute, ab omnibus consuetudinibus, quae mihi pertinent ; et quam 
libertatem ego habeo in Wottonne, et homines mei, eandam liber - 
tatem habeant monachi et homines sui in eadern villa, in piano, in 
bosco, in pratis, in aquis, et in omnibus. Hujus confirmationis sunt 
testes. Robertus films Pagani, Willielmus de Witeleia, et Robertus 
frater suus, Willielmus de Kyntona, Godefridus Brus, Robertus 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD CONFIRMS TO CONCHIS ABBEY. 255 

capellanus, Willielmus films Eoberti, Willielmus filius Lefstani, 
Robertus filius Eudonis, Nicolaus de Cloptona, Willielmus filius 
Wimundi ; et, ex parte monachorum, David et Walterus clericus, 
et Willielmus rusticus, tertius frater eorum, et Rogerus Baohelere, 
et Walterus nepos Abbatis. Valete. 

The witnesses of two former Deeds (pp. 193, 254) are so many of 
them common to this Deed that we cannot but ascribe all three to 
the same interval of time (A.D. 1161-1165). Their sequence, too, 
as regards one another is in some sort apparent. 

The Bordesley Deed (p. 254) is clearly the oldest. It is attested 
by Robert fitz Odo, John Constable, Godfrid Bras, William fitz 
Lefstan, and Matthew de Withy. 

The Evesham Deed (p. 193) is attested by Robert fitz Odo, John 
Constable, Godfrid Bras, Robert Clerk, William de Witley and 
Robert his brother. 

The change then which betokens the priority of the Bordesley 
Deed is from Matthew de Witley, who occurs only in earlier Deeds, 
to William de Witley, who occurs only in later. 

The witnesses of this Conchis Deed pertinent to the question of 
sequence are Robert fitz Odo (here called " fitz Eudo "), Godefrid 
Bras, William fitz Lefstan, Robert Chaplain (probably identical 
with Robert Clerk of the last and with Robert Bagot of previous 
Deeds), William de Witley and Robert his brother. 

Again, I should opine that the Conchis Deed came nearer than 
the Evesham Deed to the Bordesley Deed, the predecessor of both. 

For the first witnesses of the Bordesley Deed is a Monk of Con- 
chis, sent doubtless by the Abbot to visit the Abbey's Warwick- 
shire Cell of Wottoii. Now what if this Monk of Conchis took the 
opportunity of visiting the Baronial Court of ' Robert de Stafford, 
and obtaining this Confirmation for his Norman House ? And 
what if Walter Nepos Abbatis, who attests this Deed, was a com- 
panion of the Monk and a nephew of the Abbot of Conchis ? 

Among the witnesses of this Conchis Deed, those who appear as 
Stafford Tenants in the Feodary of 1166 are : 

Robert fitz Pagan, William de Witley, Robert fitz Odo, and 
Nicholas de Clopton. 

The importance of this Deed is that it establishes the identity 
of the first Robert de Stafford (1072-1088) with Robert de Toni. 
The latter was a. younger son of Roger de Toni, the Standard Bearer 
of Normandy, who, having founded the Abbey of Conchis, other- 
wise known as St. Peter de Castellione, was slain in battle circa 



256' THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

A.D. 1042. The Domesday Woteme appears as a Demesne tenant 
of Eobert de Stafford, and its resident Priest indicates a coexisting 
Church. This Church Eobert de Stafford (alias de Tonij had 
given or soon gave to Conchis Abbey. It was probably in the time 
and with the aid of Nicholas de Stafford that the Monks of Con- 
chis established a Cell or Priory at Wootton. The subsequent 
names of Wootton, viz., Wotton- Waven and Walwaynes are not 
associated with the Priory so much as with the residuary Manor. 

A witness named Walwanus occurs to us in one of the early 
Stafford Charters. 



THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULAEY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XXII. 

ANNO DOMINI CIRCA 1181-1184, OR REGIS HENRY .II. 27-30. 
ROBERT DE STAFFORD CONFIRMING THE FEOFFMENTS OF THOMAS NOEL. 

(From Huntbach's MSS. at Wrottesley, fo. 54- Apparently an 
abstract by Huntbach of a Deed once in the Collection of Samp- 
son Erdesurick.) 



Eobertus de Stadford, Thome Noel, terrain Eantonie et Cokeslanie 
et terrain de Burgh quae est juxta Gnoweshale per servitium dimidii 
manerii, id est dimidii militis ad servitium proprii clipei mei. Hoc 
totum pro servitio antecessorum suorum et pro homagio, et pecunia 
scilicet xxx. marcis quas Noellus avus Thomse domino Nicholao patri 
meo dedit, concedo. Hiis testibus Herveo de Strettona. Eoberto 
de Brintona, Eogero filio Henrici, Philippo Holegate, Eoberto filio 
Pagani, Ivone de Muttona, Adam de Staundon, Ada'm de Aldithega. 

NOTES. . 

We date this Deed between 1181 and 1184, merely because the 
first witness, HERVEY DE STRETTON ceased to be Sheriff of Staf- 
fordshire in 1184, and because Adam de Stando'n did not succeed 
to his inheritance till in or after 1181. 

Of the eight witnesses, six appear to have been seized of their 
respective fees in the Feodary of 1166, while all eight are known 
on other evidence to have belonged also to the later sera (1181-4) 
which we prescribe for this Deed. 

Thomas Noel had succeeded his father many years previous, for 
in or about A.D. 1177 he had obtained a confirmation from K. 
Henry II. of the grants made to him by Eichard, Bishop of 
Coventry, Anselm, Abbot of St. Edmund's, Lawrence, Prior of 
Coventry, and Eobert de Stafford. The King's Charter was 



CONVENTION BETWEEN JUHETTA BAGOT AND W. DE EIDWARE. 257 

attested by Hugh, Earl of Chester, Bertram de Verdon, and Guy 
Le Strange, (Robert Noel's father-in-law). The comparative 
lateness of Eobert de Stafford's specific confirmation was probably 
due to some doubt about the extent of Noel's exact rights, a 
doubt to which allusion has been made in a memorandum drawn 
up in the life-time of Thomas Noel's father. (Supra p. 219, 
Number XII.). 

There are some phrases in this Charter which look as if they 
were copied verbatim from that original Charter whereby Nicholas 
de Stafford first enfeoffed Noel, the grandfather of Thomas, and 
which original Charter, be it observed, was probably of the time of 
William Rufus (1087-1100). 

THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHART.ULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XXIII. 

A.D. 1182, OB ANNO 28 HENRY II. 

CONVENTION IN THE CURIA COMITATUS OF STAFFORD BETWEEN JUHETTA BAGOT 
AND WILLIAM BAGOT, HER HEIR, OF THE ONE PART, AND WILLIAM DE RYPE- 
WARE OF THE OTHER PART. 

From NichoVs Leicestershire, ( Vol. III., Part II., p. 999) ; 
transcribed from the Rydeware Chartidary. 

Hsec est conventio inter Juhetam assensu et voluntate Willelrni 
Bagot heredis sui et aliorum heredum suorum et Willelnmm de 
Eydeware de xxx. acris in Rydeware quarum nomine placitavit 
in curia domini Regis in comitatu de Stafford predictus Willelmus 
contra predictam Juhetam scilicet quod Juheta recognovit Willelmi 
de .Rydeware jus suum de prefatis xxx. acris et reddidit ei 
medietatem harum xxx. acrarum quam habuit in dominio suo 
quiete et warantizare debet contra omnes ; et ad aliam mediatatem 
xxx. acrarum purchaciandam debet Juheta Willelmo juvamen suum 
legitiinum prestare et ad alias terras purchaciandas in eadem villa 
quse deforciatoe sunt antedictee Ivetta (? Ivettcc) debet ipsa Ivetta 
cum Willelmo sicut cum homine suo stare pro posse suo legitimo ; 
et hanc terrani Willelmus et heredes sui tenebunt in feodo et in 
hereditate de Ivetta et heredibus suis libere et quiete in bosco et 
piano cum omnibus aysiamentis ejusdem villa? reddendo annuatim 
pro onini servitio unam libram piperis in vigilia Sancti Thomse 
Apostolici (sic) memoraUe Ivettse sive heredibus suis ; et pro hac 
terra Juhetta accepit homagium sepedicti Willelmi et hsec con- 
ventio fide firmata est utriiique in comitatu de Stafford. Hiis 
testibus A. de Canoe, Henrico de Swynfen, Adamo de Wrotesle 
s 



258 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. , 

Henrico (? Herveio) Bagot, Alano de Hetleg, Willelmo Urso, 
Eogero Bagot et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

The accuracy of this transcript is in many points questionable 
(Vide supra p. 241, Number XVII.). 

The date of the convention is established by a passage in the 
Staffordshire Pipe-Eolls of 1182. 

"Nova placita, &c., per Godifridum de Lusci, &c. Vicecomes 
reddit compotum de dimidia marca de Ivetta Bagot pro dis- 
seisina. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E." 

It would seem on the whole that Ivetta Bagot had disseized of, 
or at least withheld from, William de Eidware, a tenement of 30 
acres, which he claimed to hold in Eidware. He sued her for 
disseizin before the King's Justices, then visiting Staffordshire. 
The Justiciars amerced Ivetta Bagot in a sum of half-a-merk, 
which she paid forthwith to the Crown ; and the agreement which 
resulted between the litigants was settled in the Curia Comitat'ds. 
It appears from the said agreement that what De Eydware re- 
'covered from the defendant was a subtenure under her and her 
heirs. 

It has been suggested (by Colonel Wrottesley) that Juhetta 
Bagot was widow of John Bagot, of Blymhill. The date of the 
transaction and the mention of Juhetta's heir, William, greatly 
support that suggestion. Juhetta's mesne interest at Eydeware 
clearly arose not in her right as a widow but as an heiress. 

Of the witnesses, A. DE CANOC appears elsewhere as Alfred, or 
Alured de Cannock, Adam de Wrottesley preceding HERVEY BAGOT 
(if this be indeed Harvey Bagot of Bramshall) occupies a much 
higher position than he did twenty years previously. ALAN DE 
HADLEY was of King's Bromley, by grant of K. Henry II. He 
occurs in the Feodary of 1166, as one of Fitz Alan's Shropshire 
tenants, He died circa A.D. 1194. EOGER BAGOT was probably 
a younger son of Hervey Bagot of 1166 ; possibly a younger son 
of Hugh Bagot, sometime holding Cotes (Warwickshire) under 
Eobert fitz Odo (of Loxley). 



ROBERT DE STAFFORD II. TO BORDESLEY ABBEY. 259 

THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 

SERIES II. NUMBER XXIV. 

ANNO DOMINI, 1183 ; ANNO 29 HEN. II. 

ROBERT DE STAFFORD II., AND ROBERT HIS SON AND HEIR, TO BORDESLEY 

ABBEY. 

(From the Original Deed, Harleian Charter, 56 D. 50., authenticated 
by the Grantors' Seal, in tolerable preservation.) 



Robertas de Stafford omnibus filiis Sanctae Ecclesite et omnibus 
hominibus suis et ainicis tarn presentibus quam futuris salutem. 
Notum sit vobis omnibus me et Robertum filium meum et heredem 
dedisse et concessisse deo et ecclesisB Sanctse Marias de Bordesleia 
et monachis ibidem deo servientibus in perpetuam elemosinam xii. 
acras teme super torrentem Octeshelle ubi boviarii mei manserunt 
et ex alia parte torrentis versuo Oxemeode sursum per vetus 
fossatum quod dividit v pasturam et pratuin meum usque ad 
chimmum sup' versus Quatcote et totam terram arabilem Engel- 
randi de Damart quam tenet de me et duas acras prati in prato 
meo de Thieso et pasturam de Tyeso ad peccora sua solam et 
quietam in elemosinam, et concedimus terram suam fossare si 
voluerint, et ubi voluerint in hac terra hedificare. Hec autem 
oninia in perpetuam elemosinam dedimus et concessimus liberam 
et quietam ab omni seculari servitio et consuetudine ita libere et 
quiete et integre et honorifice sicut aliqua elemosina liberius et 
quietius dari poterat. Et hoc fecimus pro salute H. Regis et nostra 
et amicorum nostrorum et pro anima Henrici Regis et antecessorum 
nostrorum et pro anima Avice uxoris mere et matris R. filii mei 
et pro salute et stabilitate totius regni AngliaB ; insuper Abbas et 
conventus receperunt nos in fraternitate sua et omnibus beneficiis 
ordinis sui et concesserunt duos monachos ad tenendum in per- 
petuum nobis et heredi'bus nostris. T. Roberto filio meo ; Nicholao 
filio meo, Nicholao de Cloptune; Herveio de Brael', Godefrido 
Bras, Osberto Waleis, Waltero filio Gerardi ; Willelmo fih'o Lostan, 
Willelmo filio Roberti^ Gaufrido Warisseden, Johanne et Radulfo 
filiis ejus, Ricardo de Pavee, Willelmo de Cumbreford. 

NOTES. 

It is often so difficult to apprehend the relevance of what are 
called the " Votive Clauses " of eleemosynary Charters that students 
are apt to throw up the investigation* in despair, or, worse still, to 
qualify the text by emendations of their own imagining. Here, 
however, we have a Charter undoubtedly genuine and incorrupt, 



260 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHA.RTULARY. SERIES II, 

a Charter which the writer is free to confess that he studied thirty 
years ago, and has considered of ten since with hopeless despondency, 
a Charter which, at length understood, reveals not only its own 
date, but corrects other dates, previously accredited, and offers 
subjects of social and domestic interest which were vague and 
impalpable till photographed by the lens of a definite chronology. 
The votive clause thus pregnant with meaning, runs as follows : 

Et hoc fecimus pro salute Henrici Regis et nostrd et amicorum 
nostrorum et pro animd Henrici Regis et antecessorum nostrorum 
et pro animd Avicce uxoris me et matris Roberti filii mei, et pro 
salute et stdbilitate totius regni Anglice. 

The prima facie aspect of these words is that those for whose 
health the Grantors prayed were living, and those for whose souls 
theyj>rayed were dead. But this is to make " King Henry" both 
alive and dead at the same moment ! 

The truth is that two Kings Henry are spoken of in the Charter. 

On June llth, 1183, at an obscure village in France, while 
returning from his father's Court, and meditating a treasonable 
alliance with Philip of France, " Henry the Young King," as he 
was called by the English, died smitten with sudden disease. In 
the young King's former rebellion (A.D. 1172-3), Kobert de Stafford 
had participated, and. had suffered accordingly. Though now a 
loyal subject he could not withhold a prayer for the soul of his 
former idol. 

Robert (more usually known as William), Earl Ferrars, had 
been in like sympathy with young Henry in the rebellion of 1172-3 ; 
and it is very remarkable that in a Charter contemporary with this 
of A.D. 1183, Earl Eobert embodies a votive clause which similarly 
introduces a living and a dead King, and prays for the peace and 
stability of England and Wales. More remarkably still, each Charter, 
the Baron's and the Earl's, is attested by Geoffrey de Warisseden, 
and John, his son. 

During the whole of this year, 1183, the elder King Henry was 
in France, occupied with the ceaseless opposition of one or other 
of his sons. .The state of political feeling in England was not 
quiescent, if we may judge by the circumstance of the Earls of 
Leicester and Gloucester being both arrested, by the King's order, 
transmitted from over sea. 

But in points of chronology and genealogy, this Charter, when 
dated, becomes exceedingly interesting. 

A priori, the most authoritative opinion as to the date of the 






HERVEY BAGOT ENFEOFFS ALEXANDER DE STANTON. 261 

death of Robert de Stafford II. would be that of the late Sir Harris 
Nichol. He put it ac about 1176. And indeed, about that time 
Eobert de Stafford's name vanishes from the Pipe-Rolls. This was 
merely by reason of his final liquidation of the Crown-debts, 
incurred by the disaffected Baron in the previous era of turmoil. 
We see that he was living in 1183. 

We further see that his wife, Avice, the mother of his son 
Robert, was deceased before 1183, and we see, or think we see, that 
the aged Baron had remarried, and had by his second wife a son 
Nicholas. Further than this we neither see nor pretend to see, at 
present, but we shall hereafter propound to our readers some 
ground, however slight, for fancying that Robert de Stafford's 
daughter Milisent, the future Baroness of Stafford, was born in her 
father's old age, and was the child of his second wife. 

The testing clause of a dated deed is valuable with reference to 
other deeds. It no longer serves to determine the date of the 
deed to which it is appended. Here we have only one name, that 
of Nicholas de Clopton, which had appeared in the Feodary of 1166, 
but the names of G-odefrid Bras and William fitz Leofstan carry us 
to a still further retrospect. 

THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 

SERIES II. NUMBER XXV. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1185-li90, OR 31 HENRY II.-2 RICH. I. 
IVEY BAGOT ENFEOFFS ALEXANDER DE STANTON, IN LANDS AT OAKLEY. 
(Harleian MS. 506, fo. 265.) 



Herveius Bagod etc. Alexandro de Stantone duas bovatas teme in 
Acle quas Rogerus le Norreis tenet reddendo ad natale domini xii. 
sagittas barbatas salvo forinseco servitio, et quatuor acras terra 
arabilis quas Thoraldus tenet et unam acram prati, adquietando 
elemosinam quam debeo pro animabus antecessorum meorum et 
successorum meorum et pro salute mea" domo Hospitali Jerusalem 
scilicet 12d in die Epiphani. Testibus Willelmo Bagot de Hida, 
Herveio fratre ejus, Eudone de Mere, Roberto de Swinertona, 
Roberto de Coppenhale decano, Roberto filio ejus, Roberto de 
Dulverne, Osberto de Fotesbroc, Hugone filio ejus, Johanne de 
Fotesbroc, Alexandro filio ejus, Hugone de Fotesbroc, Ricardo filio 
Herveii, Thoma de Checkele, Gilberto de . . . , Herveo fratre 
domini, G. de Leia, Hugone Bagod. 

NOTES. 

" Hacle " is Oakley, near Elford ; parochially in Croxall, Derby- 



262 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 



shire. Helio, Robert de Stafford's Domesday Tenant at Oakley and 
elsewhere, was the type of no succeeding race. 

Bagot of Bramshall seems to have been enfeoffed in Oakley 
before the death of King Henry I. (1135). 

Hervey Bagot, Grantor in the above feoffment. represented the 
Bramshall line, and held Oakley of the Barony of Stafford before his 
marriage (c. 1190) with Milisent, the heiress of the said Barons. 
Doubtless, it was while only a knight that he made the above 
feoffment. The supposed date, c. 1185-1190, rests mainly on those 
grounds. 

The feoffment of Alexander de Stan ton was that the Grantee 
might undertake to discharge an annuity of one shilling, due from 
the Grantor to the Hospitallers. 

Some particulars of the male ancestry of Bagot of Bramshall 
and Oakley are given in these Collections (Vol. I., p. 169). 

WILLIAM BAGOT of Hide, the first witness of this Deed, had 
married one of the daughters and coheirs of Robert fitz Odo of 
Loxley, deceased in 1179. We see that he had a brother, Hervey ; 
we see also that two brethren of the Bramshall line were both 
named Hervey. 

EUDO DE MERE (Maer) occurs 9 Ric. I. (1197-8) (See Collections 
L, 179). At later dates his usual' style is Ivo de Mere. The two 
names, Eudo and Ivo, were synonymous. ROBERT DE SWINERTON 
was probably the first of the race of Fitz-Aelem, who bore the 
name of De Swinerton. ROBERT DE DULVERNE was a tenant of 
Hervey Bagot of Bramshall, at Dilhorn, a manor which was held 
under the said Hervey by service of a knight's fee. Ruald de 
Dulverne, in 1166, and Ralph de Dulverne, in 1199 and 1120, seem 
to have been in this line of Feoffees. OSBERT DE FOTESBROC 
occurs in 1200. 

The bulk of witnesses to this Deed, residents at Dilhorn, 
Forsbrook, Checkley, and Leigh, locally associate themselves rather 
with Hervey Bagot's fee of Bramshall than with his subsequent 
position as Baron Stafford. 



HERVEY BAGOT AND HIS WIFE MILISENT, ETC. 263 

THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XXVI. 

ANNO DOMINI, 1194, OR ANNO 5 RICH. I. 

HERVEY BAGOT, MILISENT HIS WIFE CONSENTING, CONVEYS DRAYTON AND ITS 

MILL TO THE CANONS OF SAINT THOMAS, THIC MARTYR, STAFFORD. 

(Cartce Antiqiwe, K 34- Public Record Office.) 



CARTA CANONICORUM SANCTI TOULE, MARTYRIS, IN STAFFORD. 

Sciant tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Hervens Bagot 
assensu uxoris meee Milisent et heredum meorum pro salute 
animarum nostrarum et nostrorum dedi et concessi et present! carta 
confirmavi ecclesire Sancti Tomse Martiris de Stafford et canonicis 
ibidem Deo servientibus in liberam et puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam villam de Draitun cum molendino et ceteris perti- 
nentiis ejus et cum secta ejusdem molendini ... . de terra 
mea pertinenti et cum omnibus aliis libertatibus et comunis ad 
predictam .villam de Draitun et molendino pertinentibus tarn in 
refectione stagni quam in attractione molarii ad tenendam de me 
et heredibus meis libere et quiete reddendo annutim dimidiam 
marcam argenti medietatem ad annunciationem Sanctse Mariae et 
mediatatem ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro omni seculari 

servitio ad me vel ad meos heredes perti- 

nente salvo forinseco servitio. Et nos warantizabimus predictae 
ecclesiae et canonicis predfcta omnia contra omnes homines et 
omnes feminas. Ipsi autem canonici dederunt mihi in auxilium 
acquisitions Baronise de Stafford apud dominum Regem xxxv. 
marcas argenti. Hiis T., Silvestro Priore de Stane, Roberto de 
Copenhal, Adam de Bradele/ Bernardo de Breowud, capellanis, 
Stepliano de Windeston, Magistro Huberto de Brumle, Ivone de 
Kanot, Toma Noel, Adam de Aldithel, Aitrop Hasteng, Toma 
de Korsewell, Radulpho, Nicholao de Mutton, Rogero Bagot, 
Willielmo Bagot de Blumenhull, William Bagot de la Hide, Ivone 
de Mere, Johanne de Hacton, Willielmo de Brocton, Willielmo 
Clerico de Stafford, Toma filio Wimari, Simone de Norton, Toma de 
Bedenhala, Roberto de Saldeford, Roberto de Mulewich, Johanne de 
Burton, et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

DRAYTON was, in Saxon times, a member of the Royal Manor of 
Penkridge. Though in the King's hand at the date of Domesday, 
it happened to be waste. Thus, I imagine, its quailty of ' ancient 
demesne ' came to be forgotten, and it was annexed like a mere 
Tainland (See pp. 176-7) to the Honour of Stafford. One of the 



264 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

Stafford lords seems to have allowed his tenant at Stretton some 
ingress at Drayton. Hence, when Hervey Bagot sold the property 
to the Canons of St. Thomas, the latter procured from Richard de 
Strettun a Deed of Eelease (still extant) of all the claim which he 
(Richard) had on Hervey Bagot in respect of the premises. 

HERVEY BAGOT'S occasion and necessity, shown so graphically in 
the above Deed of Conveyance, invite a retrospective account of 
the circumstances under which the Barony of Stafford had de- 
volved on an heiress. Robert de Stafford (II) was surviving, as we 
have seen (p. 260), in 1183. He had then two sons, Robert and 
Nicholas, apparently by different wives, and his daughter Millisent, 
as we conjecture, was the uterine sister of Nicholas. 

Robert de Stafford II. was deceased in 1189, for it was his 
eldest son, whom I will call 

Robert de Stafford III., who was assessed in that year to the 
Scutage of Wales, in respect of the Barony. Robert de Stafford's 
Livery, and payment of Relief on succession, are nowhere recorded. 
Possibly the fine was paid to King Richard in private ; more 
probably the King remitted it on the ground that the young 
Baron had taken (or was to take) ' the Cross.' In the earlier half 
of the year 1190, Robert de Stafford joined K. Richard's army in 
France. Previous to his departure, he had accounted with the 
Exchequer as to his liability to the Scutage of Wales. This 
episode and its complication with his position as a Crusader, have 
been treated of in former pages (Supra pp. 5, 8, 9, 13). At 
Michaelmas, 1192, as we have also seen (pp. 19, 22), a further 
instalment on the Scutage of Wales had been paid in the name 
of Robert de Stafford. The arrear (7 10s.) is formally stated 
against Robert de Stafford on the Pipe-Roll of Michaelmas, 1193, 
and in the Roll of Michaelmas, 1194, it is stated with equal 
formality against Hervey Bagot. Many English Crusaders perished 
during the siege of Acre (June and July, 1191). The death of one, 
William, Earl Ferrers, was known in England at Michaelmas 
following (Supra p. 16). Robert de Stafford III. fell later; 
probably in the year 1192, but neither does the Pipe-Roll of 
Michaelmas, 1191, nor that of Michaelmas, 1192, give any 
note of the event. But, before Michaelmas, 1193, Hervey Bagot 
proffered to Walter, Archbishop of Constance (Viceroy of England), 
two hundred merks for siezin of the Barony of Robert de Stafford, 
" which " (says the Record, supra p. 27), " is the inheritance of 
the wife of the said Hervey, late sister of the aforesaid Robert. 



HERVEY BAGOT AND HIS WIFE MILISENT, ETC. 265 

TL e proffer was not accepted. But after the return of King 
Eichard to England (March 20, 1194), an increased Fine of three 
hundred merks procured the desired Livery ; and before Michael- 
mas of the same year, the Crown-debt had been discharged to the 
last penny. Thus we get the date of the above Deed of Con- 
veyance, as between March and September, 1194. 

A curious question here arises, as to the date of Hervey Bagot's 
marriage with this great heiress. My idea, I will not as yet call it 
an opinion, is that the said marriage was arranged by Eobert de 
Stafford III. shortly before his outset (in the earlier half of 1190) 
to join K. Eichard. His half-brother, Nicholas, nowhere appears, 
and was, presumptively, deceased. The match, though not a great 
one, was consistent with Milisent's as yet ascertained position. 
She was no heiress, but Hervey B.agot may have calculated that 
the only sister of an unmarried and ardent Crusader might one 
day become so. Eobert de Stafford, too, may have had a motive. 
A Baron, giving his elder sister in marriage, was entitled to levy 
an Aid on all his military tenants. Much money was needed by 
the soldiers of the Cross, and much was collected. Those who had 
no other resources, borrowed it from the Jews. 

We shall, in the sequel have to recur to the subject of Milisent 
de Stafford, the date of her marriage, and her age at that date. 

THE TESTING CLAUSE of this Charter is, to the Staffordshire 
antiquary, invaluable, in that it gives a host of names, under a 
fixed date. It is for future use, then, more than present discussion. 
The first seven witnesses, are all probably either Clerks or Eccle- 
siastics. Thomas Noel and Thomas de Cresswell were Ex-Sheriffs 
of Staffordshire. Eoger Bagot was, we presume, that brother of 
the Vendor, Hervey, who here and there serves to distinguish 
Hervey from his father, living in 1166. 

By the witness Eadulphus, we are to understand Ealph de 
Mutton. Colonel Wrottesley suggests " Eadulpho et Nicholao de 
Mutton " as the original reading of the Deed. 



266 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES I. 

THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULAEY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XXVII. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIRCA 1194-5, OR ANNO 5-6 RICHARD I. 

HERVET BAGOT GIVES A RENT IN BRADLEY TO THOMAS NOEL. 

(From Hunfbach MSS. at Wrottesley, folio 166.) 



Sciant &c. quod ego Herveius Bagot assensu Milisantse uxoris mese 
et heredum meorum dedi &c. Thomse Noel pro homagio suo &c., 
viginti solidos de reditu meo in Brideleia (sic) &c. Hiis testibus 
Adam de Alditheleia, Eadulfo de Mutton, Ivone fratre suo, Willelmo 
Bagot de Blumeshull, Willelmo Bagot de Holedale, Eogero Bagot 
ratre Hervei Bagot, Philippo de Draicote, Eoberto filio Pagani de 
Eston, Thoma de Kersewall, Nicolao de Mutton tune Senescallo* 
Philippo filio Episcopi, Philippo Noel, Eadulfo de Blore, Ada filio 
Adse de Alditheleia et Henrico fratre ejus, Ivone de Mere, Ad'a 
Noel et aliis. 

NOTES. 

This Charter, or fragment of a Charter, purporting a gift, was 
doubtless a sale. Though Hervey Bagot settled his Fine for relief 
in 1194, he must have made great sacrifices to do so, and his 
attitude while Baron of Stafford, was always that of a poor man. 

I see no reason for assigning to this Deed a date materially later 
than the last (Number XXVI.). The witnesses' names consist 
with such a date. 

BRIDELEIA, I take it for granted, stands for Bradley, the greatest 
of the Stafford Manors, and mostly held by the Barons in their 
demesne. 

WILLIAM BAGOT OF HOLEDALE, is probably no new witness, but 
identical with William Bagot, of Hyde. Hyde and Holedale seem 
tq have been parts of the same estate. (See Col., Vol. L, p. 182.) 

ADAM DE AUDLEY, the leading witness on this Deed, will have 
been now of an advanced age. Of his elder son, Adam, we shall 
not hear again in these Collections. Henry, now, at the date of this 
Deed, a younger son, succeeded to his father, and founded the 
Baronial House, whose scions have figured so largely in English 
history. 



AGREEMENT BETWEEN HERVEY BAGOT AND THOMAS DE ERDINTON. 267 

THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XXVIII. 

ANNO DOMINI, 1194, INTER MARCH AND SEPTEMBER. ANNO 6 RICHARD I. 

CONVENTION BETWEEN HERVEY BAGOT AND HIS WIFE, MILISENT, OF THE ONE 

PART, AND THOMAS DE ERDINTON OF THE OTHER PART. 

(From Huntbach's MSS. at Wrottesley, fo. 58. Transcribed by Sir 
William Dugdale, Anno Domini 1662, from the Original then in 
possession of Sir Edward Bagot, Bart.) 



Hsec est conventio facta inter Herveium Bagot et Milisent uxorem 
ejus et Thomam de Erdington videlicet quod predicti Herveius et 
Milisent dederunt et concesserimt et carta sua confirmaverunt 
Thomae de Erdington totam terrain suam de Acle cum omnibus 
ejusdem pertinentiis et homagiis et servitium Hervei de Acle, sicuti 
carta eorum quam ipse inde habet testatur, et heredibus suis, 
tenendam de eis et eorum heredibus per servitium dimidii militis 
pro omni servitio. Et hanc terrain predicti Herveius et Milisent et 
eorum heredes warantizabunt predicto Thomse et ejus heredibus 
contra omnes homines. Et pro hac donatione et cartse confirma- 
tione predictus Thomas adquietabit predictum Herveium de debito 
quod debet Regi et Reginse ad Scaccarium de Ixvii. marcis, et mari- 
tabit filiam suam annatam ad xxx. libratas teme ad custum suum, 
pfseter hoc, quod ipse habebit auxilium militum totius Baronise de 
Stafford quod ipsi dabunt filise domini sui annatae Maritandae, et de 
hoc auxilio reddet predictus Thomas predicto Herveio auxilium xx. 
militum et residuum ei remanebit, et si fortasse primogenita filia in 
fata secesserit antequam maritetur, predictus Thomas maritabit 
secundam sub eadem conditione, et ita de singulis donee unam 
maritaverit. Et iterum predictus Herveius adquietabit unam vir- 
gatam terras versus Herveium de Acle quam ei tradiderat, et in 
curia Regis veniet, et omnem securitatem quam de predicta terra 
ibi et facere poterit, faciet, et ambo, Herveius et Thomas, in con- 
spectu J. Norwicensis Episcopi comparebunt et omnes istorum con- 
ventiones confirmabunt. Hiis testibus, et si fortasse hsec conventio 
(sic, sed " ad " interponendum) effectum producta non fuerit, terra 
de Acle predicta cum ejus pertinentiis quietam (sic, sed " quieta " 
legendum) redeat ad predictum Herveium et ejus heredes, de pre- 
dicto Thoma et ejus heredibus. Hiis testibus, Hugone de Chau- 
cumbe, Ada de Aldithleg, Willelmo Bagot, Radulfo de Mutton, 
Ivone de Mere, Roberto filio Pagani, Thoma de Halectone, Willelmo 
filio Ranulfi, Willelmo, Reginaldo, et Hugone filiis ejus ; Ricardo filio 



268 



THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 



Willeluii, Philippe de Lutteleg, Hugone Gargat Eoberto de Teiierai, 
Philippo de Draicote, Eadulfo Britone et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

The argument used under a former Charter (Number XXVI.) will 
suffice to date this Charter also as having passed between March and 
September, 1194. For the supposition that Erdinton had assisted 
Hervey Bagot to pay some other Crown-debt than that which he 
owed on his Fine for Livery will not hold. The debt having been 
partly due to the Queen is proof that it arose in a Fine of the said 
description, not in a scutage or an amercement of any kind. (See 
what has been said above, p. 151, as to the Aurum RegincR.) 

The names of persons mentioned in this Deed are in strict con- 
sonance with the date assigned. JOHN, BISHOP OF NORWICH, was 
one of the oldest Justiciars of the time. In his earlier days he was 
well known as John of Oxford, King Henry II.'s champion with 
the Pope when antagonizing Becket. He (John) died AD. 1200. 

HUGH DE CHAUCUMBE, the first witness of the Deed, was Sheriff 
of Staffordshire at the date of the Deed ; in fact that date is com- 
mensurate with his first half year of office. 

But this Charter is of a high and peculiar value, in that it tells 
us so much of feudal principle, contemporary usages, and social 
arrangements. Hervey Bagot and his wife had already enfeoffed 
Thomas de Erdinton in Oakley, including all homages, and specially 
the service of Hervey de Oakley. That is, so much of Oakley as 
Hervey Bagot of Oakley, formerly held under Hervey Bagot of 
Bramshall, he was now to hold under Erdinton, who becomes 
Mesne-Lord, The same with the tenements of other tenants in 
Oakley, who held perhaps in Socage. But there was a virgate in 
Oakley, not included in Hervey de Oakley's feoffment, but which 
Henvey, of Bramshall (not Hervey and Milisent), had some time 
committed or entrusted (tradiderat) to Hervey de Oakley. What- 
ever the title Hervey de Oakley had to the occupation of this vir-. 
gate, would be bought up or legally quashed by Hervey the Baron 
and secured to Erdinton. 

And, further, mark well that if this convention should come to 
nought, the land of Oakley was to revert, not to the heirs of Hervey 
and Milisent, but to the heirs of Hervey. (And here I must remind 
my readers of an idea already glanced at, viz., that Milisent de 
Stafford was not the first wife of Hervey Bagot. I will now go 
even further than this, and suggest that the apparent heir of Hervey 
Bagot in 1194 was not any child of Milisent.) 






AGREEMENT BETWEEN HERVEY BAGOT AND THOMAS DE ERDTNTON. 269 

But mark again, Erdington's tenure of Oakley was to be under 
Hervey Bagot and Milisent and their heirs ; and rightly so, for 
Erdington was buying up not the feudal tenancy of Hervey de 
Oakley to be transferred to himself, but to be subjected to him. 
He was buying the position of Hervey Bagot, of Bramshall, before 
he became Baron. That is an immediate tenure under the Barons 
Stafford. And thus Erdinton eventually held the half-fee of Oakley. 

It may be asked why Milisent de Stafford joined in the sale of 
Oakley to Erdinton ? Answer She joined as Suzerain ; her con- 
sent was necessary. 

Oakley, it need hardly be observed, was at this period, a fee of 
great value. Indeed, both as regards value and reputed hidation, 
Staffordshire estates generally'more than doubled their Domesday 
attributes within the fifty years which followed on the restoration 
of Henry II. 

And so, for this gift and confirmation of Oakley, Erdinton paid 
sixty-seven merks of Hervey Bagot's Crown-debt; he also covenanted 
to marry Hervey 's eldest daughter and to provide forher,as a marriage- 
gift I presume, thirty librates of land, conditioned as regarded the 
Auxilium assessable on the military tenants of the Honour of Staf- 
ford in the event of such marriage, that Erdinton was to have two- 
thirds of the fund, and Hervey Bagot the residue. And if the 
eldest daughter should die before marriage, then the same condi- 
tions were to hold for the second daughter, and so on till Erdinton 
should actually marry the eldest surviving daughter. 

This is quite transparent as a matter of legal precaution. It is 
not at all inconsistent with my idea that Milisent de Stafford had 
as yet borne none but daughters to Hervey Bagot, that there may 
have been two or even three of such daughters in 1194, but that 
the eldest was not more than an infant four yours of age. 

We shall learn from a subsequent Deed that Erdinton never 
married any one of Milisent's daughters. I know from other 
sources that before the year 1197, he had married another wife, and 
begotten a son, who eventuallysucceedeclhimatOakleyand elsewhere. 

One word more on a matter of feudal tenure ! When the Baron 
and Baroness of Stafford made Erdinton their immediate tenant of 
Oakley, they parted with a right of their own, which might have 
been of great reversionary or contingent value to them and their 
heirs had they enfeoffed a tenant of less mark. For instance, any 
such ordinary or lesser tenant of Oakley dying, the relief or ward- 
ship or marriage of his heirs would accrue to the Barony. But, 



270 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

Erdinton dying, all such contingents of wardship, &c., would accrue 
to the Crown, simply because Erdinton was elsewhere a Tenant in 
capite de Corona. 

It is everywhere apparent how loth the old Barons were to 
bestow feoffments on Tenants-in-capite. It was seldom done 
except under overpowering motives of interest or necessity. 

THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULAEY. 

SERIES II. NUMBER XXIX. 

ANNO DOMINI, CIKCA 1197, OR 8-9 RICHARD I. 
HERVEY BAGOT AND HIS WIFE, MILISENT, ANNOUNCE SECONDARY AGREEMENTS 

WITH THOMAS DE ERDINTON. 

(Hunibach MSS. at Wrottedey, folio 59. From a Manuscript Copy 
taken ~by Sir William Dugdale, A.D. 1662. The Original then in 
possession of Sir Edward Bayot, Bart.) 



Herveius Bagot, omnibus hominibus suis et amicis Francis et 
Anglicis presentibus et futuris, salutem. Universitati vestrse notum 
facio Thomam de Erdinton hominem meum de terra de Acle cum 
omnibus ejusdem pertinentiis fideliter et plenarie ad libitum meum 
et voluntatem meam et dominse Milisandae uxoris mese et amicorum 
nostrorum se omnino adquietasse de maritagio filise proinogenitse 
nostrae Hawisise, vel alterius filise nostrae, vel tertise, si prima et se- 
cunda dissederint immaritatse ad xxxli teme, per fih'um et heredem 
Eicardi de Strettun militis mei, quern predictus Thomas habuit in 
sua custodia, et spontanea sua voluntate nobis reddidit; sicut jus 
nostrum et hereditatem nostram, quod ad nos pertinet cum tota 
hereditate sua, quam cum eo in manu sua habuit, et cum bladis, et 
cum pratis, et cum omnibus aliis pertinentiis suis sine aliquo re- 
tenemento sibi vel suis. Et ideo ego et uxor mea M. et amici 
nostri relaxavimus et quietum clamavimus predictum Thomam et 
heredes suos et amicos de predicto maritagio in perpetuum et quod 
restavit faciendo (sic) inter nos et predictum Thomam de conven- 
tioue prefati maritagii, scilicet de pace ei facienda de demanda 
Willelmi de Knovill qui exigit servitium unius militis de villa de 
Acle et de securitate facienda in curia domini Eegis per chirogra- 
phum quod predicta villa de Acle cum ejusdem pertinentiis in 
perpetuum quiete remaneat predicto Thomae et heredibus suis, a 
nobis et heredibus nostris per servitiurn dimidii militis, sicut carta 
nostra quam inde habet testatur, et in dimidia virgata terras ei in 
competenti loco reddenda quam ei debuimus manibus propriis affi- 
davimus. Haec omnia munimine presentis scripti nostri et sigillorum 






SECONDAKY AGREEMENT BETWEEN HERVEY BAGOT, ETC. 271 

nostrorum confirmavimus. Hiis testibus Willelmo filio Alani, Hu- 
gone Pantolfe, Koberto Corbet, Johanne Extraneo, Eadulfo Basset, 
Hugone de Chaucumbe, Willelmo de Albomonasterio', Hugone de 
Logiis, Willelmo Bagot, Willelmo de Paries, Koberto decano de 
Copenhale, Henrico de Broc, Roberto de Tenera, Willielmo de 
Erdintone et aliis. 

NOTES. 

The date (circa, 1197) assigned by the Editor to this Deed is 
almost unassailable ; at least, an objection which at first sight 
militates against it will be found eventually to be nugatory. 

The reasons for the date are, on the one hand, that Richard de 
Stratton was living at Michaelmas, 1196, and paid a scutage debt 
in Oxfordshire somewhat later, also that the witness here called 
William de Albo-Monasterio, is he who appeared in the Convention 
of 1194 (see p. 267) as " Willelmus," son of William fitz RanuK 
then living ; on the other hand, that at Midsummer, 1198, Hugh de 
Chaucumbe ceased to be Sheriff of Staffordshire, and that in the 
course of the same year (1198) the parties to this agreement came 
to a third and somewhat different understanding. 

This Convention differs. from that of A.D. 1194 in the following 
respects : The Grantors, instead of covenanting a warranty against 
Hervey de Oakley, concerning one virgate in Oakley, promise 
Erdinton half a virgate in a convenient situation. They further 
covenant to secure Erdinton, by process in the Curia Regis, against 
a claim started by William de Knovill to the service of a knight's- 
fee arising from Oakley. Hervey Bagot and Milisent, furthermore, 
release Erdinton from all obligation to marry their eldest daughter 
or their second or third daughter, and, inferentially, from the obliga- 
tion of providing thirty librates of land for any such occasion. 

Erdington on his part surrendered to his Suzerains the wardship 
of Richard de Stratton's heir, which they claimed as their right. 

Our difficulty is to understand how Hervey and Milisent can 
have become dispossessed of this right, or how Erdington can have 
acquired it. To that point the Deed does not refer. Some years 
later there was another wardship and another long minority in the 
house of Stretton. The boy's mother first bought the wardship, not 
from Hervey Bagot, but from the Crown. Then Hervey Bagot 
moved the Law-Courts with the intent of shewing that the ward- 
ship was by right pertinent to the Baron Stafford. Anon, Hervey 
Bagot being dead, Thomas de Erdinton bought the self-same 
wardship from the Crown. These things have been pointed out 



272 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

on former pages. Reference is specially made to page 164, where 
it is not left quite clear that Erdinton bought, or at least acquired, 
two Stretton wardships at different intervals. 

THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XXX. 

ANNO DOMINI, 1208 ; ou ANNO 10 JOHN. 
HERVEY BAGOT. AND HIS WIFE, MILISENT, MAKE A FINAL AGREEMENT WITH 

THOMAS BE ERDINTON. 
(Hunfbache MSS. at Wrottesley, folio 59. Dugdales Copy, as XXIX.) 



Herveius Bagot omnibus ad quos presens scriptuin pervenerit 
salutem. Noscat universitas vestra Thomam de Erdington hominem 
et militem meum se fideliter adquietasse versus me et versus 
Dominam Milisent uxorem meam de omnibus conventionibus et de 
omnibus debitis et de omnibus demandis, ita quod de omnibus 
qusecunque fuerunt in aliquo tempore inter nos et predictum 
Thomam remansit omnino quietus in festo Sancti Martini anno 
regni Regis Johannis decimo, et post terininum predictum in nullo 
nobis nee heredibus nostris tenebatur prefatus Thomas nisi in ser- 
vitio unius militis pro terra de Acle quam de nobis tenet heredi- 
tarie et in conventione manerii de Wutton in Comitatu de Warewik 
quod de nobis tenet ad terminum statutum, secundum conventionem 
inter nos iiide factam coram Justiciariis domini Regis apud Coveu- 
triam, et secundum cartam qute de nobis inde habet. Hiis testibus 
Radulfo de Sumeri, Hugone de Chaucumbe, Willelmo de Albo- 
masterio, Rogero, Ranulfo, Hugone etThoma fratribus ej us, Roberto 
Corbhet, Ricardo filio Willelrni, Willelmo tie Paries, Roberto nlio 
Pagani, Hugone Garkat, Waltero filio Radulfii, Radulfo Brittone, 
Herveio de Acle et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

This is the third and last Charter of agreement between Hervey 
Bagot and Thomas de Erdinton. The date on which the articles of 
this agreement were settled was llth of November, 1208. It 
may well be accepted as the proximate date of the Charter which 
embodied those articles. 

The differences between this and former agreements was that 
Erdinton and his heirs were to hold Oakley of the Barons by ser- 
vice of a whole knight's-fee instead of half-a-fee, and that all 
parties were bound by a recent Convention, whereby Erdiuton held 
for a term (not stated) the Warwickshire Manor of Wootton-Wawen 
under the same Suzerains. 



FINAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN HERVEY BAGOT, ETC. 273 

Of the persons mentioned in this Charter, it is meet to state that 
HUGH DE CHAUCUMBE had ceased to be Sheriff of Staffordshire at 
Midsummer, 1198, and that Thomas de Erdinton himself, having 
formerly been Deputy-Sheriff to the said Hugh, became at that 
same date Deputy-Sheriff to Geoffrey Fitz Piers ; also that EALPH 
DE SUMERI, the first witness of this Charter, died A.D. 1210 ; and 
HERVEY DE OAKLEY, the last witness, was still tenant-in-fee of the 
most part of Oakley, holding, of course, under Thomas de Erdinton. 

Lastly, I would note specially how that 

HERVEY BAGOT himself died about a year after Ealph de Sumery, 
that is, A.D. 1211. 

The son and heir of Milisent de Stafford, by Hervey Bagot, was 
a second Hervey Bagot. 

The youth was manifestly under age at the date of his father's 
death. His marriage with Petronella de Ferrers was arranged for 
him A.D. 1214, the Lady Milisent de Stafford, his mother, con- 
tracting about the settlements with William, Earl Ferrers, the bride 
elect's brother. Perhaps .it is a question whether young Hervey 
was as yet married, or of age (viz., A.D. 1215) when he joined 
the insurrection of the Barons against King John, or when the said 
Barons appointed him to be Sheriff of Staffordshire. 

It is possible, however, and not inconsistent with former assump- 
tions, that Hervey had been born as early as A.D. 1194. 

And here there remains to us a curious enquiry : 

Young Hervey was supported in his rebellion of 1215 by his 
" two brothers, William and Ealph." (Supra p. 170.) 

Surely we have not the names of two boys thus commemorated ? 
Surely William and Ealph were half-brothers of Hervey, the sons 
of Hervey Bagot, his father, by a previous wife to Milisent de 
Stafford ? 

We must here pause, for we purpose to deal not with genealogies 
so much as with authentic materials for genealogy. 

One of the old Staffordshire Genealogists has told us that Hervey 
and Milisent, his wife, gave Bramshall to William " their " younger 
son. This is an invention. Bramshall was the inheritance of William 
Bagot, afterwards called " De Stafford," somewhat improperly. 

William was the son of Hervey Bagot, but not of Milisent. 
When Milisent was intending to sue the tenants of her late husband 
for dower, she was claiming her third in the fees peculiar to 
Bagot of Bramshall. When she sued the Tenant of Bramshall 

O 

itself for such dower, what did she call him ? Did she call him 
T 



274 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

her beloved son, William ? No ! She called him " William 
fitz Hervey." 

Sampson Erdeswick I name him with reverence was proud of 
his descent, and knew himself to be descended from William -de 
Stafford, of Bramshall. Perhaps some sycophantic friend assured 
Sampson that William de Stafford was a son of Milisent de 
Stafford; so Sampson, much liking to be descended from the 
older Barons of the Toni race, believed himself to be so. 



THE STAFFOEDSHIEE CHAETULARY. 
SERIES II. NUMBER XXXI. 

ANNO DOMINI, INTER 1217-1237, OK 1-21 HENRY III. 

HERVEY DE STAFFORD'S GENERAL CONFIRMATION TO STONE PRIORY. 

(Cotton MS., Vespasian E. 24, folio 1.) 



Universis Sanctse Matris ecclesise fidelibus piesens scriptum in- 
specturis, Herveus de Stafford salutem. Noverit universitas vestra 
me pro salute animse rnese et Petronillae uxoris mete et pro anima 
patris mei Hervei et Milisantae matris mete et animabus auteces- 
sorum et successorum meorum concessisse et hac presenti carta 
nostra confirmasse Deo et ecclesise Sanctae Mariae et Sancti Wulphadi 
de Stanes et canonicis ibidem deo servientibus ecclesiam de Stanes 
cum capellis et pertinentiis et libertatibus suis in puram et per- 
petuam elemosinam liberam et quietam in perpetuum de omni 
servitio et consuetudine et exactions seculari ad nos et ad heredes 
nostros pertinente. Preterea concedimus et eadeni libertate dictis 
canonicis confirmavimus ecclesiam Sanctae Mariae Staffordiae cum 
omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis et ecclesiam Sancti Leonardi 
de Madeleh cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis, ecclesiam 
de Dulverne cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis quae est 
de feodo meo quam habent de dono Eoaldi de Dulverne assensu et 
confirmatione Eoberti de Stafford avi mei. Ecclesiam quoque de 
Mulewich cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis quae est de 
feodo meo quam habent de dono Nicolai de Mulewich. Ecclesiam 
etiam de Tisho cum capellis et pertinentiis et libertatibus suis in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam. Ecclesiam de Wulward cum 
capellis et pertinentiis suis et libertatibus. Preterea concedimus et 
simili libertate dictis canonicis in puram et perpetuam, elemosinam 
confirmavimus totam terram de Stanes et de Waleton cum omnibus 
pertinentiis et libertatibus suis quam habent de dono Ernaldi et 
Enisani de Waleton et heredum eorum et medietatem totius villas 
de Stoke in puram et perpetuam elemosinam et medietatem nemoris 



HERVEY DE STAFFORD'S CONFIRMATION TO STONE PRIORY. 275 

cum communis et libertatibus ad eandem villam pertinentibus quam 
habent de dono Mcolai de Titneshovere, et dimidiam virgatam terrse 
cum pertinentiis in villa de Aston quam habent de dono Winifridi 
Boye et totam terrain ad pedes Castelli nostri de Stafford cum una 
hyda terrse et virgultis in Tisho cum pertinentiis et libertatibus 
utrius terrse quam habent de dono Eoberti Bagot filii Eogeri dapi- 
feri. Et totam tenuram Walteri filii Judithse infra Burgum de 
Stafford et extra, quam habent de dono Roberti Bagot et totam 
terrain Briani filii Cadyhou cum prato adjacente et mora Prioris 
extra Burgum meum de Stafford et totam ten-am cum pertinentiis 
quse f uit Gerardi inter Hydam et Holedale, et pratum quod ad illam 
terram pertinet supra ripam aquse de Stafford quam habent de dono 
Helyse de Coppenhale, et redditum duorum solidorum de terra de 
Butrehale quern habent de dono Roberti filii Galfridi de Coppenhale 
et duas virgatas terrse cum pertinentiis in villa de Coppenhale quas 
habent de dono Helyse de Coppenhale excepto foraneo (sic) servitio 
quod ad illas virgatas terrse pertinet. Et terram illam in Ricardes- 
cote quse vocatur Wumrichescroft cum medietate prati de Fulsiche 
quam habent de dono Rogeri Vigilis. Molendinum quoque de 
Wotton proximum ecclesise cum dimidia virgata terrae et pertinen- 
tiis et libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus ad dictum molendinum 
pertinentibus quod habent de dono Roberti de Stafford avi mei, et 
terram de Wulenhale cum mansura et essartis subtus Hortselewelle 
quse fuerunt Godwini de Wulenhale filii Ernici carpentarii sicut 
cartse Roberti de Stafford avi mei testantur. Concede etiam dictis 
canonicis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam totam terram quam 
tenent in Tisho de feodo meo tarn de vilenagio quam de libero tene- 
mento, et de dominico meo, molendinum ecclesise proximum et 
pratum de Kynesmor cum comunis et libertatibus in pratis et in 
pasturis et aliis quibuslibet locis sicut cartse antecessorum meorum 
testantur. Terram etiam quse fuit Aelrici de Bramcote quam 
habent in escambio pro Horselawe. Prseter hoc decimam totius 
venacionis mese. Volo igitur et firmiter statuo pro me et here- 
dibus ut predicti canonici hsec omnia supradictas ecclesias, terras, 
redditus, comunes et libertates bene et honorifice in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam habeant et teneant et sint liberi et quieti 
ab omni servitio et exactione seculari ad me et ad heredes meos 
pertinente in perpetuum. Preterea quicunque de feodo nostro 
altquid beneficium sive in decimis sive in aliis quibuslibet rebus 
prefatse ecclesise de Stanes per nos conferre voluerit, concedimus et 
eadem libertate confirmamus. Precipimus itaque super forisfacturam 



276 THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHARTULARY. SERIES II. 

uostram ne aliquis ex nostris de supra-concessis seu concedendis 
sive in bosco sive in piano sive in pratis sive in pasturis seu in 
aquis seu in quolibet alio quidquam detrahat vel diminuat vel in- 
quietet sed omnia sua perpetua pace habeant et absolute, libere et 
immote firmiter teneant. Concede etiam nieipsum ut fratrem et 
patronum ecclesise de Stanes ita ut ubicunque infra Angliae re- 
gionem obiero, ibidem cum patre meo sepulto et Petronilla uxore 
mea et ipse sepeliar. U.t autem hsec mea concessio et confirmatio 
rata et stabilis permaneat presentern paginam sigilli mei munimine 
roboratam dictis canonicis fratribus nostris confecimus et nianu 
propria super magnum altare de Stanes optulimus. Hiis testibus 
Domino H. de Aldithel', Domino Willelmo Panton, DominoWillelmo 
de Stafford, Eadulpho de Dulverne, Nicolas Urso, Galfrido Griffin, 
Eogero de Mulewych, Ricardo de Titneshoure, Thoma de Stokes, 
Radulpho de Sancto Edmundo, Johanne de Tisho, Silvestro decano 
de Bramsall, Willelmo de Wilbricton, Ivoue de Aston, Roberto de 
Swinnerton, Ivone de Waleton, Symone de Verney, et aliis. 

NOTES. 

The Grantor in this case is Hervey de Stafford, the eldest son 
and heir of Milisent de Stafford by Hervey Bagot, deceased. This 
Hervey appears to have had such seizin of his Barony as was con- 
sistent with his mother's survivorship in A.D. 1217. He died A.D. 
1237, leaving issue, Hervey (ob. 1241, s. p.) and Robert, who held 
the Barony forty-one years'. 

It is not necessary to fix any exacter date for this Charter than 
the rera of the Grantor, viz., A.D. 1217-37. The Charter is inserted 
in this Series because it gives a synoptical account of the earlier 
Barons Stafford as Benefactors and Patrons of Stone Priory. 

Most of the Deeds confirmed by this Charter have already been 
dealt with in detail, and as revealing their respective quotas of 
personal, chronological, or topographical fact. But the Confirma- 
tion further contains notices of a few grants which have not been 
mentioned in any of the detailed Charters. These, in their time 
and place, will probably meet with due notice from the Editors of 
these Collections. 

One specially remarkable feature in this Charter is that the 
Grantor apparently believed that his Grandfather's gift of St, 
Mary's, Stafford, to Stone Priory was a valid gift, and so he en- 
dorsed it. The incident belongs to a wider subject and question 
already alluded to (p. 213). We bequeath such subjects to future 
students. 



INDEX 



PART I. 



INDEX 



OF THE STAFFORDSHIRE PIPE ROLLS, 1 11 RICHARD L AND 

118 JOHN. 

ALSO OF THE STAFFORDSHIRE OHARTULARY (SERIES I. AND II.), 

TEM. WILL. I., WILL. II., HEN. I., STEPHEN, 

HEN. II., RICH. I., JOHN, AND HEN. III. 



** In the following Index, Domesday, or other abnormal spellings are usually 
rendered in italic type. 

The letter T, or the syllable Ten., followed by the name of any person in the 
possessive case, signifies "Tenant of," or "Tenants of." 

T. K. E. signifies Tempore Regis Edwardi, viz., A.D. 1041-1066. 
T. R. W. signifies Tempore Regis Willielmi, viz., A.D. 1066-1087. 

The abbreviation al. stands for alias; c. for circa; dej. for defunctus ; n. or n. 
for "note" or note; ob. for obiit ; occ. for "occurs" or " occurring ; " 
v. vide ; fz. for fitz, or son of. 



A. 



Aaron, the Jew of Lincoln (ob. 1189), 

62, 67, 74, 81, 93, 102, 126, 135. 
Abetot, Urso de (Sheriff of Worcester- 
shire, 1072-1086), 178-9, 180-182. 
Aclei, Ralph de (1190), 32, 56, 79. 

Ralph, son of, 32, 56. 

Hervei de (1158-65), 246-7, 

267-273. 
Acour. Hugh de (1198-1206), 74, 95, 

103, 129, 134, 137-8, 140, 143. 

William de (1198), 75. 

Acre (Palestine), 16. 
Acton, John de (1194), 263. 
Adam fil. Baldwini (1205), 127. 
Admaston (Edmundeslon) Edith de 

(1195), 46. 

Adulvestra, Henry de (1214), 162. 
jErnaldus Presbyter (1188), 2,11,18,25. 
Agelwinus (Alwin) (1072), 179, vide 

Warwick Sheriffs. 
Ailinton, The daughter of Wm. de 

(1185), 10. 
Ailwin fil. Leuric (1196-1203), 57, &c., 

114. 
Alan, Duke of Bretagne (h. Hoel) (H. 

I.), 225. 

Conan, his son, 225. 
fil. Godwin, Capellanus (1199), 

82, 83. 

Albamarle. v. Aumale. 
Albini, Avicia de (1205), 129. 
Albini-Brito, Wm. de 1132-ob. 1155), 

132, 228. 
Albini, Will de, Justiciar (1206), 137-8, 

152. 
Albo Monasterio, Wm. de v. Wm.-fz.- 

Robert. 
Alcester and Broom (Warw.) 60, 64. 

Henry de Penne of (1196), 64. 

Alwin, Adam son of, (1155) 235. 
Alebec & Les Fosses (near Barfleur) 

Woodland of 221, 222. 
Alexander fz. John (1205), 127. 
Allingham, Elias de (1194), 30, 36. 
Alrewas, 3, 12, 15, 24, 28, 46, 79, 83-4, 

91, 97, 121, 123, 127, 132, 136, 142, 

147, 153, 160, 167, 168, 171, 175. 
Alrewich, Drogo de (1200), 95, 104. 
Alstonfield. 
Alston, in Bradley (Aluredeston) 81, 

102, 107. 



Alston, Richard de (outlawed 1194), 

33-4, 38, 48, 67, 74, 93, 105, 107. 
Alta Ilipa, Robt. de, 130 v. Hauterive. 
Alton, al. Alveton, 39, 47, 53, 177. 
Alured, a Monk, 240. 
Aluric, Tenant of Robt. de Stafford 

(1072-1086), 178, 180. 
Miles Regis Wlrni (1072-1086), 

175, 179, 180. 
Alwin (al Agdwi-ne") Sheriff of Warw. 

T.R.E. and 1072), 178-9. 
Turchil, his son (de Warwick), 

178. 
Ketelbearne, his son (Chetel- 

bert), (1068-1086), 178-9. 
Alveley (Shropshire), 99, 113. 

Simon de (1198), 71. 

Alvers, Geoff, de (1122-5), 195. 
Amerciamenta per Rotulurn & per 

Summonitionem, 139. 
Approver v. Probator. 
Anjou, Geoff. Count of (ob. Septb., 

1151), 221. 
Anschetill, Steward of Geoff, de Clinton 

(1122-5), 195. 
Archis, Gilbert de (1203), 116, 118. 

Isabella, d. of, 116, 118. 

Ardern, Ralph de (Justiciar), (1187-95), 

4, 12, 18, 50, 149 (1208), 152. 
Argentuem, Gilbert (1122-5), 195. 
Arley, al. Arnley (Erlega), 3, 12, 55, 

61, 65, 72, 79, 86, 97, 142-3. 

Tallage of 55. 

Ralph de (1193), 26. 

Ralph, son of, (fug. 1193), 26. 

Armagh, Abp. of (1204), 122, 124. 

Ascalon, 16. 

Asfen, Thomas, 63. 

Ashby de la Zouche, 29. 

Ashley on Tern (Eslega), 116, 118. 

Assse (Trenchers), 129, 134. 

Aston, vill. of, 275. 

Ivo de (1217-37), 276. 

Robt. de (1138-47) 217. 

Audley, Liult de (1130-2), 207. 

Liulf, supposed father of, 207. 

Adam (1181-4), 256, 263, 266-7. 

Adam, his SOD, 266. 

Henry, his son, and Founder of 

the Barony, 87, 159, 266, 276. 

-Wm. de, Kt. (1211-12), 156-7, 



159. 



Lucas de, Esqre. (1211-12) 156-7. 



11. 



INDEX. 



Aumale, Wm. le Gros, Count of (1153), 

227. 

Engelran, brother of (1153),227. 

Aurum Reginae, 148, 151. 

Auxilium Vice-comitis, 85, 91, 97, 131, 

173. 

Avranches, The Sheriff of (1153) 226. 
The See of, 223. 



B. 



Bagot, of Bramshall (1086-1122), 195, 

197 249. 
HerVey (I.), fz. Bagot (1130), 

205, 249. 

Hervey (II.) (1158), 239-40, 



244, 246, 252, 254. 

Hervey (III. ) senr., eldest son 



of, married (c. 1190) Milisent de 

Stafford, had Livery 1194, (ob.1211), 

113, 261-264, 265-274, v. Stafford. 
Hervey. junr. (fil. Hervey II), 

261-2. 
Roger (fil. Hervey II.) (1203), 

117. Cart. XVII., 248-9, 258. 263, 

266. 

-William (fil. Hervey III.), 

273-4. 

Ralph (fil. Hervey III.), 273. 



Bagot, of Bromley Bagot, cadet of 

Bramshall line 

Wm. 249, 252. 

Bagot, of Blymhill, John (1166), 161, 

164, 240, 248. 
Juheta (Ivetta) (1182), 257-258, 

widow of ? 

William, son of (1158-76), 248, 



250, 257-8, 263, 266-7. 

Richard, son of (1158-65), 248, 



250. 

Roger, son of (1176), 250. 

John, son of (1176), 250. 

- Thomas, son of (1176), 250. 
Bagot, of Coton or Cotes, (Warw). 

Hugh (I.) Dapifer (tern. Steph.), 

249. 

Hugh (II.) Dapifer, his son, 

Robert, son of Hugh I. (Clerk), 
(1143-63), 193-4, 235-7, 248-50, 255. 
Ingram, son of Hugh I., 



249. 



(Collect. I., 167), 117. 

Roger Dapifer, son of Hugh II. , 



(Collect. I., 167), 275. 

Robert, his son, 275. 

Simon, son of Ingram, 112-13, 



117-18. 
-Hugh (1185), 261. 



Bagot, of Hide and Holedale. 

Wm. (1185-90), 261-3, 266-7. 

Hervey, his brother, 261-2. 

Baieux, Odo, Bp. of, 182. 



Baieux, Randulph de (1153-66), 224-5. 
Bailleol, Robt. de (1130), 202. 
Balistarii Regis, 129, 133, 142. 
Barcheston (Warw.), 180. 
Bardulf, Hugh (Sheriff, Justiciar, Es- 

cheator, &c., 1190), 6, 9, 14, 20, 23, 

26-27, 32, 39, 47, 51-52, 55, 65, 72, 

74-76, 105, 108, 112, 113. 
Hugh de Chaucumb, Bailiff of, 

65. 

Simon, Clerk of (1195), 97. 

Barfleur, 220, 223. 

Barnstaple, Honour of, 86. 

Barons of the Exchequer, 80, 82. 

Barons, Confederation of, (1215). 169. 

Barton-under-Needwood, 176. 

Basset, Ralph (Chief Justice of England, 

tern. H. I.), 165. 
Basset (of Bucks) Simon (1194), 

34, 40. 

. . . de Vernon, wife of, 34,40. 

(of Drayton), 29. 

Wm. ? (1193), 27, 29. 

Ralph (ob. 1211), 159, 271. 

(of Headington) Gilbert (1194), 

34, 41, 100. 
Eustachia, dau. of, 34, 100, v. 



Verdon, Thos. de, and Camvill. 

(of Sapcote.) 

Wm. (1194-1212), 33. 39, 47, 

58, 62, 67, 74, 81, 93, 126, 135, 155. 
Reginald (Deputy for Bp. of 

Coventry), (1192-3), 20, 27. 
of Weldon, Richard (1211),156, 

159, 162, 165. 
Ralph, son of (1214), 162, 165, 

(ob. 1257-8). 
Baskerville, Robt. de (1190), 5, 12, 22. 

Ralph de (1192), 19, 22. 

Baswich, 64. 

Bausac, Richd. de (1199), 84, 94. 
Beauchamp, Alda de v. Malbanc. 
of Essex, Stephen de(ob. 1184), 

21, 100. 

IsoldadeFerrars.wife of,21,100. 

Stephen de (natus 1182), 21, 58, 

62, 67, 73, 96, 100, 105, 107, 161. 
of Worcester, Wm. de (Sheriff 



1192), 20. 
Bearley (Warw.) 180, 252-3. 
Geoff, de (al Burley) (1161),253. 



Bee, Alice de (1205-6), 127, 136. 

Robt. de (1200), 95. 

Bec-Herlouin (Normandy), 64. 
Beche, Milo de (1199), 83, 102. 
Bedenhale, Thomas de (1194), 263. 
Bello Campo, v. Beauchamp. 
Belesme v. Shrewsbury. 
Belmeis, of Donnington, Robert (1190), 

2, 11, 15. 
Belmeis, of Tong, Ranulph de (1166), 

29. 






INDEX. 



111. 



Belmeis, William (1193-6), 27, 60, 63. 
Belvoir, Honour of, 228-9. 

Castle and Priory, 221, 228-9. 

Benhala, Walter de (c.1161), 252. 
Bentley, Roger de (1199), 81, 87, 102, 

122. 

William de, 87. 

Bereford, Rich, de (1212), 156. 
Berkeley, Robt. de (1208), 152. 
Berkswich (al. Baswich), 59. 
Bermingham, Peter de (1166), 248-9. 

- William de (1208), 148. 
Bernak, Gervase de (1206), 138. 
Bernard, fil Lefwin (1193), 26, 32, 45, 

56, 65. 
Bernard (Steward of the Honour of 

Stafford 1153), 237. 
Bernard, Urricus, Balistarius, 129. 
Bernieres, Reginald de (1207), 143. 
Beysin, Adam de (1194), 41. 
Bickford (in Penkridge), 180. 
Bidulf, Roger de (1208), 149, 154. 
Bidun, Roger de (1205), 127. 
Bigot ; The name, 152. 

Adeliza, wife of Roger, 228. 



Hugh, Earl (II. 66), 229. 



Billington, 41. 

Bilston (Billestona 1 !, 3, 12, 172. 

Bircho (al. Bricho;, Ulf de (1203-4), 

127. 
Biset, Manasses (11531166) 221, 

230. 

Bishop's Ichinton (Warw.), 59, 64. 
Bishop's Tachbrook, or Tachelesbrook, 

(Warw.), 59, 64. 
Blanc-minster, Thomas de (1207), 144, 

147, 149, 151-2. 
Margaret le Strange, Wife of, 

144. 

Reginald de (1207), 144. 
Blechington (oxf.) 29. 
Blithfield, Henry fil. John de (1205), 

132 

Blore, 159. 
Blore, Ralph de (1194), 266. 

Robert de (1158), 248, 250. 

Blotton, in Trentham (Blurton), 43, 

49, 64, 71, 78, 94, 101, 114, 119, 

108, 125, 134, 140, 146, 153, 160, 

166, 171. 
Blund, Peter (1191-4), 14, 17, 20, 26, 

32 

_ Robert (1208), 149, 154. 

Gin (c. 1140), 210. 

Blundel, John (c. 1130), 210, 
Blyrnhill, 29, 97, 184. 
Biythe, Honour of, 223-4, 232-3. 
Blythebury, Nunnery, 91, 96, 119, 123. 

244, 245. 

Bobington, Church of, 190. 
Bobingtou, John fil Philip de (1221), 

190. 



Boisavilla, Guledrum de (1130), 201, 

203. 

Bohun, Ingelger de (1130), 201-2. 
Humphrey de Dapf (1153), 

221, 229-30. 

Bolingbroke, Honour of, 231. 
Bolsover Castle (Derby), 33, 39. 
Bordesley ( Worcest. ) Abbey and Monks 

of, 1, 10, 17, 30, 43, 54, 64, 71, 77, 

91, 101, 108, 114 r 119, 125, 134, 140, 

146, 153, 160, 166, 252, 259. 
Boye, Winefrid, 275. 
Bradley, Church of, (al. Bridcley], 123, 

212 235 

Adam de (1194), 263. 

Brael', Harvey de (1183), 259. 

Brai, Wm. de (1200), 94, 105, 110, 120, 

126, 135, 150, 252, 254. 
Braiose, Wm. de (1194), 33,51, 55, 58 

bis., 61, Just (1196), 56, 62, 65, 67 

bis., 71, 74, 79, 81. 
Bramber, Honour of, 86. 
Bramcote, 217. 

Aelric de. 275. 

Bramshall, 46, 51, 56, 97, 273. 
Silvester, Dean of, (1230 c.) 

276. 

Brandon Castle (Warw.), 48, 53. 
Bras, Godfrey (de Sardon), 193-4, 235, 

243-4, 248, 252-5, 259, 261, (1160 c ) 
Bret, Walter (1163-4), 188. 
Brewood, 13, 59. 64. 

Nunnery, 90, 97, 117, 119, 123. 

Bernard de, Chaplain, 263. 

Brian, Ancestor of De Standon (1086- 

88), 183-4. 
Brian, fz. Caduhow (1138-47), 211,212, 

275. 

Briewere, Wm. de (1194), 41-2, 74. 
Brimon, Rainer de (1086), 226. 
Brimton, Adam de (1202). Ill, 113. 
(or Brinton) Robt. de (1166), 

113. 

Eva de, Wife of, 113. 

Brinton, 29, 184. 

Brito, Ralph de (1194), 268, 272. 

Broc, Robert de (Gustos of Cannock 

Forest, 1174-1192), 2, 4, 8, 18, 25, 

28, 31, 34, 38-9, 44, 51, 55-6, 65, 

72, 79, 92, 95, 99, 105, 126, 135, 141. 
Margery, d. and heir of, (1195), 

45, 55, 65, 72, 99, (v. Loges). 
Broc, Peter de (Gustos of Cannock 

Forest 1194-1196) 32, 34, 44, 51, 55, 

58, 61, 63, 65, 72, 79, 92, 95, 99, 

101, 108. 

Broc, Henry de (1197), 271. 
Brocton, Wm. de (1194), 263. 
Brome ( Warw. ), 60. 
Bromfield Priory, (Salop), 203. 
Bromley, Hubert de(1194), 263. 
Wimar de (1198). 74. 



IV. 



INDEX. 



Bromley, Henry de (1207), 144, 
Bromley Regis, 3, 12, 47 bis., 51, 52, 

57, 122, 124, 137, 139, 171. 
Broom (in Clent, Worcest. ), (Brom.), 

2, 11, 18, 25, 28. 30, 44, 54, 64, 71, 

79, 85. 92, 97, 171. 

Church of, 117. 

Brug, (al. Bridge-North) Deanery, 

190. 
Bruhel!e( Bucks). 48. 

Samann, Provost of, 48. 

Brumeshell v. Bramshall. 

Brumwiz, Magister de (1195), 46, 56, 

66. 
Brun, Adam (1196), 54. 

William (of Cheshire), 60. 

Bubden, Eubendon(DeT\>ys\\ire),68, 70. 

Margaret de(1166), 69, 70. 

Buhenhall(Warw.), 180, 198. 

Buffere (of Penn, Staffs.), Wm. (1185- 

91), 6, 10, 14. 
Build was Abbey, 211. 

Monks of, 91, 97. 

Bulstan, Edric (1195), 46, 57. 
Bukewell (i.e. Bakewell), 35. 
Bumerescote (Oxon), 180, 
Buregeston, Nich de (1193) 26, 32. 
Burewardesle, Warm de (1203), 116, 

118, 137, 140. 
Willm., Brother of, 116, 118, 

126. 
Burford (Salop), 149, 154, 158, 161, 

164, 167. 

Burgh (nr. Gnosall), 220. 
Burgo, Thos. de (1200), 91, 97, 142-3, 

145. 
Burley, Gaufred de (1161-5), 252-3 (al 

Bearley, Warw}. 
Burlaveston, 95. 
Burton, Johnde (1194), 263. 
Burton, Abbot of, 83, 88, 94. 97, 117, 

118, 122, 127, 135, 141. 
Burun, Erneis de(H.L), 221. 225. 
Bushbury, 148, 152. 

Hugh, fz., Peter, of, 152 (1209). 

Busli, Roger de (1086), def. 1098), 

223-4. 

Arnald, bro. of, 224. 

Beatrix, sister of, 224. 

Roger de, son of. (ob. inf. c. 

1100), 223. 

Butrehall, land of, 275. 
Butterton, 104. 



C. 



Cadwalon-ap-0wen-(1195), 50. 
Caldecote (Warw.), 68, 70. 
Caldon, 194, 196. 
Camera, Osbertde (1201), 105. 
Camvill, Richd. de, eras (ob. 1191), 14, 
17, 99, 100. 



Camvill, Gerard de (1191-1200), brother 

of, 14, 17, 96, 100, 106. 
Nichola, de la Haye, wife of, 

96, 100. 
Richard, son of, (1200), 96, 

100. 
Eustachia Basset, wife of, 

(widow of Th de Verdon), 96, 100. 
Alice de Lacy (their heiress and 



4th in descent from), married Thomas 

E. , of Lancaster. 
Camville, of Clifton Camville and 

Arrow. 
Wm. de (1192), 20, 23, 91, 97, 

104, 106, 111, 113, 130, 138, 140. 
Albreda Marmion, wife of, 23, 

130, 134, 138, 140. 
Cannock (Cnot.), 3, 4, 7, 11,16. 17, 

24, 43, 46, 54, 60, 64, 68, 75, 78, 92, 

101, 114, 108, 119, 125, 128, 134, 

140, 146, 162, 164, 166-7, 171, 180. 
Cannock Forest, 2, 11, 31, 39, 44-5, 

55-6, 61, 65, 71-2, 90, 92, 101, 108, 

114, 119, 125, 135, 141, 147, 171, 

221, 224, 174. 
Cannock, The King's House at, 1, 10, 

17, 30, 43, 54, 64, 71, 78, 91, 101, 

108, 114, 119, 125, 134, 140, 146, 

153, 160, 166. 
Canoe, Aluredde(1182), 257-8. 

Ivo de (1194), 263. . 

Jordan de (1200), 94, 98, 122, 

(1214), 161. 

Knights of, 95. 

Cannock (tallaged), 3, 12, 57, (1206), 

137. 
Canterbury, Hubert, Abp. of. 119, 

122, 125, 130-1. 
Cantilupe, Wm. de (1203), 116, 127, 

131. 
Cappe, Robert (1158-65), 248, 252. 

Simon, his brother, 248. 

Carleby (Line.) 163, 165. 

Carleton (nr. Blythe, Notts), 35. 

Carmarthen Castle, 8. 

Carnegode (Guernagode) (1088-1130), 

183-4. 

Carreghova Castle, 43, 50. 
Carrucage, The Tax of, 83, 89. 
Casteilun (al. C%asWZZia?i= Abbey of 

Conchis), 253-4. 
Casthorpe (Line), 181. 
Caux (Chalz) Robt. de, 221, 226. 
Caverswall, Walter de (1190), 2, 11, 18, 

23, 31, 72, 236, 238. 
Celle, R. de (1157-60), 241. 
Chadshunt (Warw.), Chadelessun, 59, 

64. 
Chamberlain, Thomas (def. 1210), 156, 

159. 
Cecelia la Waite, widow of, 156, 

158. 



INDEX. 



V. 



Chancellors. Wm. D. of N. (1153), 221, 

229 

Longchamp (1191), 14-16. 

Chaplains of Bp. Clinton, Wm. de 

Vilers, Robert, Osbert, Odo, and 

Gilbert Substance (1132), 206. 
Chartley, 176. 

Castle, 18, 21. 

Chaucurnb, Hugh de (1191), 14, 17, 

20, 23, 26, 50, 126, 128, 267-8, 

271-3. 
Bailiff of, H. Bardulf (1190), 

65. 
Justiciar (1195), 50, 128. 

- Wm. de (1200), 96, 99. 
Chavernesse (al. Charnes), in Eccles- 

hall, 68. 
Cheadle (Chedele), 34, 52, 62, 68, 78, 

180. 

Checkele, 561-2. 

Chenipetone, Robt. de (1132), 206. 
Chesney, Wm. de (1138-47), 215-16. 

- Wm. de (1166), 216. 
Chester, Archdns. of. 

Wm. de Vilers (1139-57), 203- 

4, 207. 

Robert (C. 1157), 204. 



Chester, Coventry, or Lichfield, Bishops 
of. 

Peter (consecreted 1067, def. 
1084), 1.82-3. 

- Robt. Peche (1121-1127), 
198. 

Roger de Clinton (1129-1148), 
196, 201-2, 206-211, 217-18. 

Walter Durdent (1149-1161), 
48, 90, 204, 212, 218, 224. 

Richard Peche (1161, ob. 1182), 

198. 

Gerard la Pucelle (1183, ob. 
L184.) 

Hugh de Nonant (el. 1185, cons. 
1188, ob. 1198), 1. 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 12, 
13, 20, 21, 24, 26-28, 30, 32-3, 39, 
45, 54-6, 58, 60, 62, 63-65, 68, 75, 
78. 

Geoffrey de Muschauip (1198 
ob. 1208), 75, 79, 82, 85-6, 88, 97, 
104, 108, 116, 119, 125, 134, 136, 
146, 160. 

William de Cornhnll (1214, 



1215 ob. 1223), 165, 166, 168. 
Chester, Fief of the Bishops of, 177. 
Chester, Constables of. 

Nigel (def. 1086), 196. 

- Wm. fz. Nigel (1086-1133),189, 
196-7, 242. 

Eustace fz. John, 194, (ob. 



1157). 



John de Laci, 194, 241, 252-3, 
(1161-5), grandson of E. fz. John. 
Chester, Earls of, 172. 



Chester, Hugh de Abrincis, surnamed 
Lupus (1070 ob. 27 July, 1101), 7, 
21, 48, 165, 176. 

Ermentrude, wife of 

Richard de Abrincis ( Inf. cctat. 
1101. ob. in Naufragio, 25 Nov., 
1120), 48-9. 

Raoul le Mesehin, surnamed De 



Bricasard (1121-28), 48, 49, 224. 

Lucia Taillgebose, wife of, 224. 

Raoul le Mesehin (II.) surnamed 



De Gernons (1128-53), 48-9, 213, 
231. 

Matilda, wife of, 176. 

Hugh de Mesehin, surnamed 



De Kevelioc (Inf. cetat. 1153. ob. 
June 30, 1180). 

Raoul le Meschines (III. ) sur- 



named De Blundevill (ob. Oct. 28, 

1232), 21, 82, 96, 111, 116, 118, 129, 

136, 142, 147, 162, 167, 170, 220. 
Chester, Palatine Honour of, 63, 176, 

226. 

Chesterfield (Derbysh. ), 35, 63. 
Chesterton, 81, 87, 101, 108, 134, 140, 

146, 153, 160, 163, 166, 172. 
Cheswardine, 180. 
Chetelbert, 179 (v. Alwin). 
Chetelburn, homo Siwardi (1122), 195. 
Chilcote]25, 134. 
Chiselhampton (Oxf. ), 59, 68, 75. 
Chumbel Roger, 5. 
Church Eaton, 48, 23. 
Circuit, The Oxford, (1205), 131-2. 
Claverley, Alexander, cler. (1163-4), 

188, 190-1 (al. de Ludston), Sheriff 

of Staffs. 

Claverley, Church and Manor of, 190. 
Clent (now in Worcestersh.),3, 12, 13, 

24, 26. 28, 46, 83, 117, 121, 124, 127, 

132, 136, 142, 147, 153, 160, 167, 

171, 174-5, 180. 
Clifford, Walter de (131 5), 170. 
Clifton Camvill, 97, 134, 176, 232. 
Clinton, Geoffrey de, (ob. circa 1131-2), 

70, 195-6, 199-210. 
Geoffrey, son of (1132), 203, 

208. 



Agnes, wife of, 203. 

Lescelina, dau. of, 53, 203. 

Roger de, Bp. of Chester v. 
Osbert, brother of, (Founder of 

Maxstoke Clintons), (c. 1135-40), 



206-7. 



Hugh and Maurice de (1132), 



William de (] 122-32), 195-6, 
208. 

Cliston and Clypeston (Notts), 35, 41. 

Clive, The Haye of, Forest near New- 
castle, Staffs., 98-9. 

Clodoan(1072), (Glodoen), 182. 




VI. 



INDEX. 



Clopton, Wm. de (1086), 197. 

Walter, fz. Wm. (1124), 197. 

Nicholas (1161), 255, 259, 261. 

Cochehi(Worcest.), 181. 

Cocknage, in Trenthain, (Cokenache), 

43, 49, 64, 71, 78, 91, 101, 108, 114, 

119, 125, 134, 140, 146, 153, 160, 

166, 171. 

Cocton, Wm. de, 187-9, (al Coughton). 
Simon, son of, 187-9, (1163), 

191-2, 194. 

Ralph, son of S. (1166), 191. 



Codshall, Wm. de (1208), 149, 154. 

Cogan, Richd. de (1200), 97. 

Coif, Robt. (c. 1160), 243-4. 

Coltou (Coltune), Manor of, 165, 251. 

Gilbert, Priest of, (c. 1160), 

244, 247. 

Matthania de (1201-5), 105, 



110, 111, 120,126. 
Colnmbers, Philip de (1153), 221, 230. 
Calewich, 68. 
Oolwich, 70, 247. 
Adam, priest of Colwiz (1160 

c.), 244, 247. 

Combermere, Abbey and Monks of, 13. 
Cbmpton-Scorfen ( Warw. ) ( Parva Con- 
ton'-., Staffords Compton), 184. 
Constable of Chester), v. Chester. 
Constantino (1130), 186. 
Constentin, Robt. de (1130), 205. 

Geoff, de (1153) 221, 231. 

Cooksland, 219-220. 

Copenhale, Ulfer de (1124-47), 198, 

211, 241. 

Wm. son of, (1138-47), 211. 

Elias de (1160), 248, 250. 

Copenhall, Geoff, de, 275. 

Robert, his son, 261, 271, 275. 

Corbet, of Hadley, Tasley and King's 

Bromley. 

Thomas Corbet (1195), 52, 134. 

Cecilia de Hadley wife of, 52. 

134. 

Robert (1197), 271. 

Cordewan, Adam (1203-4). 114, 120, 

126. 
Cornhill, Henry de (Sheriff of Surrey, 

1884-1191), 10. 
Cornwall, Reginald E. of (1153), 221, 

229. 
Courcey, Robt. de (1153, occs. 1157), 

221, 230. 

Coughton v. Cocton. 
Coughton (Warw.), 192-3. 
Coventry, Archdns. of. 

- Richard Peche (1126-61), 198, 

202-3, 206-7. 

Coventry, Manor of, 59, 64. 
Coyney (Cmgnea), Richd. (1190), 5. 
(Cuingne), Walter (1206), 111, 

116. 



Couusylth (Flint), fight at, (July 1157), 

194. 
Cradley Mill, 2, 11, 18, 25, 28, 30-1, 

44, 55, 65, 92, 101, 1C8, 114, 119, 

125, 135, 141, 147, 153, 160, 175. 
Cradley Mill and Rowley Regis, 166, 

175. 

Crakemarsh, 176. 
Crementum Comitatus, 85 v. Proficuum 

Cotnitatus. 

Crementum Fermse, 133, 174-5. 
Creswell (al. Kersewell), Thomas de 

(1194), 263-5. 
Croc, Walter (1130), 243, 244. 

- Wm., his son (1167), 244. 
Cropthorn (Worcest. ), 180. 
Croxden, Abbot of (1205), 128, 132. 
Cublesdon (in Stone), 206. 
Culverston, 26, 32, 83. 
Cumbreford, Wm. de (1183), 259. 
Curia Comitatus, 89. 
Curli, Robt., sou of Wm. de (H. 2), 

197. 
Curtenay, Robt. de (Crusader 1192), 

20. 



D. 



Damart, Engelrand de (1183), 259. 
Daneston (Denston), Henry de (1205), 

129, 134. 
Denstone, 177. 
Darlaston (Derbsh. ), (Durlaveston al.) 

Alina de (1190), 2, 11, 18, 25, 31. 
Denchworth (al. Dukeswurda) Berks, 

63. 

Hervey de (1196), 63. 

Derby, Borough of, 221, 227. 

Derby and Notts, Earldom of, John, 

Earl of (1190), 8. 

Despencer, Robt. (of Domesday), 180. 
Devizes, Treaty of (1153), 220-232. 
Ditchford( Warw.) 184. 
Ditton, 82-3. 

Richard de (1192), 20. 

Diva, Wido de (1193-9), 27, 47, 52, 67, 

84. 

Dona and Promissa, 89. 
Donnington (Shrops. ), 15. 
Dover, Castle of, 169. 
Doversole, Hide called, 254. 
Draicote, Philip de (1194), 266, 2G3. 
Drayton Basset, 176 (Mill of, 263), 

264. 

Wm,, Clerk of (1199) 84. 

Dublin, Henry, Abp of (1213-14), 164. 
Dudley, Barony of. 
Dukeswurda, Hervei de (1196) 59. 
Dulmere, Ralph de (1200) 84, 95, 102. 
Dulvern, Church of, 274 (al Hilhoni}. 

Ralph de (1200), 95, 100. 

Ruald de (1166), 262. 



INDEX. 



Vll. 



Dulvern, Robt. de (1185), 262, 274. 
Duneham, Robt., of Loynton (H. I), 

186-7. 

Dunewal, Sanson, son of (1130), 205. 
Dunstewe (Oxf.), 146. 
Durdent, Walter, Bp. Chester, 235. 
Duston (Northants), 34. 
Walcheline de (def. 1194), 40, 

130, 134. 
Alina (al Alizia), widow of (1), 

40, 34 bis, 41, 134 (=A. Noel), 

(afterwards married (2) Peter fz. 

Ralph, 34, 40). 
Wm. de, their son, 130, 134. 



E. 



Eccleshall, 59, 64. 

Honour of, 90. 

Robert, Constable of (1214), 

164. 

Edburgberie (Oxfr.), 180. 
Edelmitone (Warw.), 180-1. 
Edenestowa (Notts. ), 35. 
Ederingehale (Edingale), 11, 15, 17, 

24. 

Edwin, Venator (1086), 108. 
Elethio fil Ithenard (1202), 108. 
Elford, 175-6. 
Ellaston (al Adeloheston, and Edel- 

ag/iestonc), 68, 70. 
England, Chief Justices of. 

Wm. de Longchamp (deposed 

Oct. 9, 1191), 28. 
Walter, Abp of Rouen (1191- 

1193), 28, 32, 36, 37. 
Hubert Walter, Abp. of Cant^y 

(1193), 28, 30, 36, 38, 40, 47, 48, 

50, 54, 58, 60, 62-3, 71, 73, 75-6, 

86. 
Geoffrey fz. Piers (1198), 72-74, 76, 87, 

96-7, 113, 117, 122. 
Peter de Roches, Bp. of Winton (1216), 

165. 

England, Kings of, Wm. I., 178. 
Henry I., 49, 207, 223-4. 

Matilda, wife of, 202, 205. 

Stephen of Blois, nephw. of. 

213, 222-5, 231-3. 

Henry II., 49, 81, 87, 90, 175, 

213, 220, 221-4. 242. 

Eleanor of Aquitaine, w, of, 28, 
36, 221. 

Richard I. (1189-99), 6, 8, 9, 



27-8, 36 bis, 38-41, 63, 81. 

John (bro. of, v. Moretain), 

King (1199-1216), 84, 166, 169-70. 
Henry III., 169. 

Erdbury Priory (al Ardbury, or 
Orbiri), Nr. Coventry, (al Edburg- 
berie), 238, 239. 

Erdeswick, Sampson, 40, 41, 274. 



Erdewic (1155), 236. 

Erdingtoi:, Thos. de (1197), 74, 90, 

128, 130, 132, 147, 153, 160, 164, 

267-270, 272. 
Wm. de (illeg.?), sou of (1199), 

90, 131, 166-8, 170, 271. 
Erlega v. Arley. 
Ermenfred (of Radeford, Warw.), 

(1086), 179. 

Eslega, Osbert de (1202), 111, 126. 
Estone (Oxf.), 180 bis. 
Eton, Petronilla de (1205), 128, 136. 
Evesham, Abbey of, 178-181, 185-188. 

Officers of, 181. 

Monks of, 181. 

Abbots of, Agelwius (ob. July 

16, 1077), 178-9, 182, 184. 

Walter (1077-1088), 180, 183, 



184. 

Maurice (1121-1130), 18. 

Reginald (1130-49), 186-7, 



189. 
Adam (1160-1191), 187-9, 

192-4. 
John (1316). 

Stewards of, Philip (1160-4), 

188-89. 
Pagan, Clerk, &c. (1163-4), 



188-9. 
Ewe, Alice, Countess of (H. 3), 

224. 

Exchequer, Court of, 98. 
Eye (Suffolk), Honour of, 221, 224. 
Eustace de (1199), 82-3. 



F. 



Falaise, Wm. de (1199), 83, 88. 
Farewell, Nunnery of, 91, 96, 119, 

123. 

Farley (Alton), 177. 
Fauld (Feld), 124. 
Ferramenta, 134. 
Ferrers, Henry de (W. II. and H. I.), 

176. 
Robt. (II.), Earl of (1139-60), 

21, 221, 224. 
Margaret Peverel, wife of, 



Hugh, son of. 

Isolda, dau. of (nata 1146), 21, 

100, v. JBcauchamp of Essex. 

Matilda, dau. of, 21. v. Ver- 



don. 

William I. (al Robert III.) 

(1160-1191), 8, 16, 21, 23, 42, 260. 
Sibil de Braose, 



wife of, 21. 

Petronilla, dau. of (married 

1214), 163, 166, 273, v. Stafford. 

Isabella, dau. of, mistress of 



K. John, 166. 



vm. 



INDEX. 



Ferrers, William (III.), (1191, created 
Earl of Derby 1200), (1247), 13, 16, 
19, 20, 26, 31, 33, 35, 41-3, 45, 51, 
55, 58 bis, 62, 67, 74, 81-2, 104, 
111, 116, 118, 137, 162-3, 166, 273. 

Agnes of Chester, 

wife of. 

Fines, G., Castellanus de (1153), 221, 
231. 

Fissam, al Fiscanum (i.e., Fecamp ?), 
(1162), 253. 

Fitz Alan, Wm. (1191-1206), 14, 16, 
17. 19, 26, 31, 37, 44, 82, 137, 168. 

* * Nephew of (1191), 14, 31, 

37, 44. 

John (1215), 170. 



Fitz Aelem (Aelem, Aslen, Ehelen, 

Edelo, ancestor of (1086), I., 163, 

174, II., 197. 
Robert fz. Ehelen (1122-32), II., 195, 

197, 206-7. 
Robert fz. Aelen (1166), al Robert de 

Surinnerton, I. 174, II. 250-1, 261-2. 
Robert de Swinnerton (1200-16), I. 

174, II. 95, 99, 137. 
Robert de Swinuerton (1241), I. 174, 

II. 276. 

Fitz Erneis, Robert, 100 
Fitz Gerold, Family of, 230. 

Warin and Henry (1153), 230. 

Fitz Liolf, Liolfus, 205-6. 

Ranulph, son of (1130), 205. 



Liolf, son of (1130), 206. 



Fitz Nigel, Oliver, 145, v. Gresley. 
Fitz Odo, of Loxley, Hugh, ancestor 

of (1072-86), 178/181, 194, 197. 
Odo fz. Hugh (1122-5), 194-5, 

197. 
Robert fz. Odo (1130-78), 

193-4, 197, 205, 252, 255. 
Fitz Pagan, Geoffrey, v. Trusbut. 
Fitz Pain, of Aston and Stoke (both 

in Stone). 
Cadio, Antecessor of (1086), I. 

173. 

Robt. fz. Pain (1122-5), II. 

Robt. fz. Pain (1160), I. 173, 
II 199, 235-6, 254, 256. 

Robt. fz Pain (1205), II. 122, 



199. 



136, 128, 266-7, 272. 
Fitz Piers, Geoffrey, Justiciar, &c. 

(1166-1198), 1-5, 8, 12, 18, 20, 25, 

27, 28, 31, 44, 57-8, 63, 67, 72, 74. 
Fitz Piers, Geoffrey (Viceroy and 

Chief Justice, 1198-), 76-7, 96, 117, 

153, 273. v. Englaiid, Ch. Justices 

of. 

Fitz Warin, Fulk (1215), 170. 
Flandrian Mercenaries (1197), 72, 76. 
Flekeney, Hugh de (crusader, 1191), 

20. 



Florence, Prior of Wich (1130), 205. 
Foresters, Richard Miles (tem H. II.), 

2, 11, 18, 25, 31. 
Robert de Broc (1174-92), v. 

Broc. 
Peter de Broc (1194-96), v. 



Broc. 

Hugh des Loges (1196), v. 

Loges 

Foresters, 94, 98. 

Forsbrook, Osbert de (1200), 95, 261-2. 
Hugh, his son (1185-90), 261. 



John de (1185-90), 261. 

Alexander, his son, 261. 

Hugh de, 261. 



Frodswell (al Fradswell), 218, 237. 
Frankley, Bernard de (1206), 138. 
Franceis, Robt. de (1181-90), 4, 5, 12, 

27. 

- Wm. (1195), 46, 56. 
Freiford. 
French (Gallicus) Robert (1205), 127, 

136, 141. 
Froger (Archdn. of Derby, 1155-9), 

239-40. 
Furnellis, Henry de (1198), 74, 76, 81. 



G. 



Gallicus v. French 

Gamages, Matthew de (1198-1214), 74, 

77, 84, 91, 101, 119, 122. 

- Wm. de (1207), 141, 144, 153, 

160, 166. 
Gansel, Gerard (1191), 13, 31, 44, 55, 

79. 

Gardino, Wm. de (1210), 156. 
Gargat, Hugh (1194), 268. 
Gauley (Penkridge), 244, 545, al. 

Oailey. 
Gay, Hilda de (1192-7), 20, 27, 47, 52, 

67. 

Gerard, Canonicus (1206), 137. 
Gernagot v. Carnegode (1132), 206. 
Gernet, Roger (1212), 156, 161. 
Gernon, Radulfus de (tem. Stephen), 

225-6, 232. 
Gersuma, 78. 

Gestling, John de (1208), 152. 
Giffard, Wm. (tem. Stephen), 217, 

236, 238. 

Roger, brother of, 217. 

Giffard, The Earls, 37. 

Gilbert fz. Turold( 1077-86), 182, 186-7. 

Gislebert, Tent. O f Robt. de Stafford 

(1072-86), 178, 180, 184-5. 
Glodoen (al. Clodoan) (1086), 182, 185- 

7, 192. 
Gloucester, milo de (1132), 208. 

Wm., Earl of (1153), 222. 

Gnosall, 256. 

Church of, 235. 



INDEX. 



IX. 



Gnosall, Godwin de (1130), 205. 

Wm. de (1205), 127, 220. 

Godric, Tent o f R. de Staff. (T.R.W.), 

165. 
Gorso, al Gotso, Dapif. of Bp. Chester 

(1130-2), 206-7. 
Graf ton (Warw.), 190. 
Greetham (Line.), 124. 
Grendon, 159. 

Gresley Castle (Derbysh. ), 49. 
Gresley, Family of. 

-Nigel de Stafford (1086), 69, 

203, 219. 

Wra. de Gresley, his son (1130), 



201, 203, (1153), 49. 
Nigel, another son, 70. 

Nigel, fz. Nigel, son of fore- 



going, v. Longford. 

Nicholas, fz. Nigel, bro. of N. 



fz. N. (ob. 1166), 70, 219. 

Nigel, fz. Nicholas, by Margt. 



de Bubendon (1170-78), 70. 

Oliver, fz. Nigel (1206), 68, 69, 



143-5, 164. 

Wm. de(1197), 74. 



Gresley, of Notts. 

Ralph de (1214), 163, 166. 

Isabella de Muscamp. w. of, 
163. 

Agnes, d. of, v. Lovel, 163. 
Griffin, ap. Gervase Goch (1200), 96. 

Matilda le Strange, w. of, 96. 

Griffin, Wm. (1201), 105, 107, 112, 

116 (al. Fz. Eustace 112). 
Griffin, Geoffrey (1217-37), 276. 
Grimsby, Gt. ( Line. ) 221, 226-7. 
Grithman, Alfwin (1079), 181. 
Gudmund (1122-5), 199. 
Guernegode, Carnegodo (1088-1132), 

183-4, 195, 198, 206-7. 



H. 



Hacle (OaJcley), Elford, 261. 

Hadley, Alan de (ob. c. 1194-5), 52, 

133, 139, 258. 
Cecilia, dan. of, 52, 122, 124, 

129, v. Corbet and Hodnet. 
Haia, Geoff. (1135-40), 210. 
Halectone, Thos. de(1194) 267. 
Haketone, 14. 
Hales (Owen), 24, 27-8. 
Halseline, Geoff. (T. R. W. ), 226, v. de 

Gaux. 

Hamerwich, Hamo de (1191), 13, 19. 
Hamest.ede, Henry son of Ral[.h de 

(1214), 162. 

Hamo, Dapifr. (1153), 227. 
Hantune (Hamtune), (Worcest.), 180, 

187, 189, 191. 
Handsacre, 38, 45. 
Harcourt, Robert de (1197), 67. 

2 



Harcourt, Wm. son of, 41, 67, 105, 108. 

112-13, 117. 
Alice Noel, wife of Win. (c. 

1205), 41, 117. 
Hardwick, Kyte (Warw.), 60, 64, 215- 

16. 

- Chapel, 216. 
Harlaston (al. Erlaveston), 34, 39, 47, 

52, 86, 176. 
Hasteng, Eutropius de (1199-1205), 84, 

105, 129, 150, 263. 

Amicia, wife of, 84, 105, 129, 

134, 150, 152. 
Hatton(Shrop.), 158. 
Haughton de Ulfer or Urfer (1086), 

Ancestor of, 198. 
Roger, fz. Henry (ob. c. 1190), 

8. 
Henry, fz. Roger (1190), 4, 8, 

12, 19, 25, 31, 41, 44, 55, 65. 
Thomas, fz. Roger (1191-1201), 

8, 34, 41, 105, 107, 126, 135. 
Hauterive, Robt. de (1205), 130, 136, 

138, 143, 151, 154, 157. 
Hauville, Geoff, de (1200), 91, 96-7. 
Hawarden Castle (Flint. ), 127, 131. 
Haywood, 97. 
Hecham, (al. Higharn,) Northants), 

221 227 

Helgot (T/R. W ), 250. 
Wydo, son of Helgot (of Quat), 

H. I. ), 250. 
Helgot, fz. Wydo, or Holgot, 

1158-65), 248, 250. 
Philip, fz. Helgot (1166), of 



Barlaston, 250. 
Henry, The, Young King (ob. June, 

1183), 259-60. 
Henry, fz. Eva (1206), 137. 

'-, fz. John (1205), 128, 

, fz. Roger, v. Helgot. 

Henry, Canonicus (1199), 84. 

Vinitor (1206), 137. 

Herbert, fz. Yvo. (1200), 96. 
Hereford, Archdn. of, Ralph (Justiciar 

1191), 13, 16, 19. 
Hereford, Bps. of, Robt. de Bethun 

(1131-48), 212, 215-16. 
Wm. de Vere (Justiciar 1193- 

95), 26, 28, 32, 45, 51, 56. 
Hereford, Earls of, Milo. (1141-3), 229. 

Roger (1153) 229. 

Margaret (de Bohun), sister of, 

229. 
Herlebald, al. Harlebald (1086), 178, 

180. 
Heronville, Wm. de (1190), 1, 10, 17, 

24, 30 43, 54, 64, 71, 78, 91, 101, 

108, 114, 119, 125, 134, 140, 146, 

153, 160, 166. 
HerveyleCras(1130), 205. 
Hetley, Alan de, v. Hadley. 



INDEX. 



Heywood, 59, 64, 97. 

Hilderston, Ernald de (1138-47), 127. 

Hitchenden (Bucks.), 199. 

Roger Merulam of,199, (1122-5). 

Hintes, Roger de (1201), 105, 107, 
Hoctun(Hopton?), Ill, 113, 180. 

Alice de (1202), 111, 113. 

Hodiugeselles, v. Odingselles. 
Hodnet, Baldwin de (1205-15), 129, 

134, 170. 

Cecilia, wife of, v. Hadley. 

Holedale, 275 

Holegate, Philip (1191), 16, 158, v. 

Kenver. 
Hopwas, 174. 

Hopewell (Derbys), 68, 70. 
Horm, de Nortune, 248, 251. 
Hornelie(0xf.), 181. 
Horsley, Mill of, 111, 120. 

Osbert de (1203), 120. 

Horteselewell (Wullenhall), 275. 
Hose, Walter, 143, and vol. I. Coll. 
Hugh, son of (1207), 141, 143, 

147, 151, 157. 
Hospitallers, 9, 13. 
How, Wm. de (1191), 14, 19, 26, 31. 
Hugh, Presbtr. (1193), 26. 

fz. Fulger (1155), 239-40. 

ancestor of Fitz Odo, 181. 

fz. Peter (1194-1208), 33, 38, 

47, 52, 56, 61, 65, 72-3, 152, 155. 
Hubert fz. Richard (Dep. Sheriff Line, 

1200), 96. 

Hukenh (Notts.), 35. 
Huleia, Wm. de (1212), 156. 
Hulle, le Bule (1201), 101, 106. 
Hundreds of Staffs., 172. 
Humez, family of, 226. 
Richard de (Constable of N., 

1153, ob. 1180), 190-1, 221, 230 

Wm., son of, 191. 

Ingeram (1163-4), son ofRd., 

188-9. 
Jordan (1163-4), son of Rd., 

188-9. 
Hunta, Thane of "Wrottesley, T. R. E., 

182. 

Huntendon, Hugh de (1215), 127. 
Hyde, 275. 
Hylle, or Hulle, 34, 47, 52, 67, 74, 81, 

92, 105, 107. 
Hynewood, Nunnery (Warw.), 119, 

123. 



I. 



Idlecote (Warw.), 195-6. 

Geoff, de (C. 1140), 210. 

Idonea, wife of Wm. (1208), 149. 

Ilbury (Oxon), Wolebire, Welebi, 
Welebiri, Goleberie, Yelebi, Youl- 
berie, 20, 27, 29, 47, 52, 67. 



Ingeram (1130), 205. 

Ipstones, John de (1212), 157, 159. 

Ireland, Seneschal of, Bert m - de 

Verdon, 124. 
Expedition to (1210), 156 bis, 

158-9. 

Ingestre, 181. 
Hugh de, 244, 246 (=Hngh 

Marescall). 
Iwerne (Dorset), afterwards called 

Lacerton, 48, 53. 



J. 



James, fz. Simon (Malefactor), (1195), 

43. 

Jews and Jew debts, 128. 
John, chaplain, Prior of Trentham 

(def. 1192), 2, 11, 17, 21, 24, 43, 

49-50. 

John Constable, 193-4. 
John fz. Gilbert, v. John Marshall, 

230. 

John fz. Stephen (1204), 121, 124. 
Judikellus (Ludichel ?), Incumbent of 

Tysoe, Warw., c. 1133), 181, 198, 

215, 216. 

Juhelli, fil. Ralph, 198. 
Juichellus, fil. Epise (1122), 195, 

198. 
Jury of 24, 140. 



K. 



Kadwallon (1195), 43. 

Kanot v. Canoe. 

Keel (Kiel], 2, 11, 17, 24, 30, 43, 54, 

61, 71, 78, 91, 101, 108, 114, 119, 

125, 134, 140, 146, 153, 160, 171. 
Kellura, Thos. de (1200), 96. 
Kenilworth, Priory of, 195-6, 199, 

201-3, 210, 216-17. 
-- Bernard, Prior of (1130), 203-6, 

214. 

Kersewell, Thomas de, 263 (1194). 
Ketelberneston, 148. 
Kidderminster, 230. 
Kilpec, John de (1198), 74, 76. 
Kinesmoor (Tysoe), 275. 
King's Bromley v. Bromley Regis. 
Kingswinford, 3, 12, 24, 28, 46, 57, 

83, 91, 97, 121, 127, 132, 136, 142, 

160, 167, 171, 175. 
Kinver (Kenefara), 13, 55, 57-8, 63, 

67, 83, 88, 109-10, 114, 119, 125, 

128, 135, 137, 141, 147, 153, 160, 

162, 166, 174. 
-- Forest of, 25, 44, 58, 63, 81-2, 

88, 98, 109, 114, 161. 

King's House at, 13, 58, 



63. 
-- Vivary at, 71. 



INDEX. 



XI. 



Kinver (or Kinfare), Philip de (1189- 
ob. 1214), 5, 13, 19, 25, 81, 87-8, 
93, 102, 109, 110, 114, 119, 122, 
125, 141, 147, 153, 155, 166 

John fz. Philip de (1214), 

161-2, 164. 

Kinwarton (Worcest.), 181. 

Knovill, Wra. de (1197), 270-1. 

Kyine, Barons of (Line. ), 231. 

Kynton, Wm. de (c. 1161), 254. 

Kyneward, de Lauro (1070), 178, 180. 



Lacerton (Iwerne), Dorset, 48, 53. 

Lacy, of Ewyas, 76. 

Lacy, John de (infr. retat. 1157), 

242. 
Lancaster, Honour of, 223. 

Thomas, Earl of, 100. 

Alice de Lacy, w. of, 100. 

Landa, Wm. de (1130), 202. 

Llan Stephen Castle (Pemb.), 20, 

23. 

Langedon, Nich de (1195), 46, 56. 
Langeford, Eva de (1191), 14, 17. 
Langeho, Ralph de (1199), 84, 94. 
Langley Nunnery, 91, 96, 119, 123. 
Langley (Warw.), 181, 216. 
Lanthony, Canons, Keepers of the 

King's House, at Cannock (1190), 1 

bis, 10, 17, 24, 30, 43, 54, 64, 71, 

78, 91, 101, 108, 114, 119, 125, 134, 

140, 146, 153, 160, 166. 
Herbeit Young (Juvenis), of 

(1191-5), 14, 19, 26, 31, 45. 
Lapley, Priory of, 83, 89, 137, 139. 
Inganus, Prior ot (1206), 137, 

140, 143. 
Laughton-in-le-Morthen, 223. 

Tickhill Castle in, 223. 

Laure, in Wighe (Worcest.), 180. 
Laure, Kynward de (T. R. E. and 

1086), 178. 

Lech (Leek), 3, 12, 83, 172. 
Lecu, Walter de, 252. 

Adam, son of (1161), 252. 

Lega, Walter de (1190-5), 5, 9. 

Leia, G. de (1185), 261. 

Ley, Wm. de (1191), 13. 

Leicester, Hugh de (H. I.), 199, 201, 

203. 

Len, Wm. de (1191), 13, 19, 26, 31. 
Leonibus, Peter de (1208-12), 152, 155, 

158. 

Leicestershire, Sheriffs of. 
Hugh, Bp. of Coventry (1193), 

27, 36. 

Gilbert de Segrave ) pro. eo. 



Reginald Basset \ (1193) 27 

Lespee, Wm. (1200), 94. 
Lestrange, of Cheshi-e. 



Lestrange, John (1190), 2, 11, 17, 24, 

30, 

43, 54, 64, 71, 78, 91, 101, 108, 134, 

140, 146, 153, 160, 166, 171. 

John (1215), 170. 

Lestrange, of Alveley and Weston, 

Ralph, 99. 
Leuric, of Benesley, Worcest. (T. R E. ) 

181, (Leofric). 
Levedale, Staffs., 184. 
Levuntnria v. Loynton. 
Lichfield, See of, 70, 89, 177 v. Chester 
Vncant(1208-12),159,160,163-66 

Vill and Manor of, 59, 64. 

Assize Town, 30, 43, 101. 

Market, 157, 159-60, 163. 
Environs of, 212. 

Dean of Cathedral, Richard de 

Dalham (1195), 47, 52, 57, 66. 

Precentor of, Walter (c. 1157), 



204. 

Lilleshall, Abbot of, 95. 

Limesi, John de (def. 1210), 163. 

Basilia, sister of, m. Odingesley 

162. 

Lincoln, Alured de (1086), 225. 

His relations and marriage, 

225. 

Lincoln, Alan de (def. 1130), 221, 244-5. 

Margaret,dau. of, 225 v. Bayeux. 

Lucia Taillgebose, niece of, 225. 

Lincoln, Wm. de Romara, Earl of, son 
of R. Fitzgerald and Lucia Taillge- 
bose (1141-53), 121, 231. 

Wm., his grandson and heir 

(1166), 231. 

Lincoln, 43, 50. 

Castle of 232. 

Battle of (1217), 169. 

Linde, Robt. de (1197), 66. 

Lisle, Robt. de (1130), 228. 

Albreda, w. of, 228-9. 

Littywood, al Lutiivude, in Bradley, 
121, 123. 

Loges, Hugh de (Forester of Can- 
nock, (1195), 45, 51, 55, 65, 71, 81, 
87, 92, 94-5, 98-9, 101-2, 108, 122, 
125-6, 135 bis, 141, 143, 147, 271. 

London, Wm , Archdn. of (1141-59), 
212. 

Longchamp, Wm. de, Chauc. and 
Viceroy (1192), 22. 

Henry de (1193-1200), 25, 96, 

100, 105, 107. 

Osbert de (def. 1207), 144. 

Avelina, widow of, T. Tiioe, 

144. 

Longdon, 59, 64, 83, 89, 90. 

Longford (Salop), Hamo de, 48, 53, 
113. 

Agnes, dau. of (1195), 48, 53, 

112-13, (de Stockton). 



Xll. 



INDEX. 



Longford, Eva, dau. of, 53, 113. 

Robt. de Brunton (1st) husband 

of, 53, 113. 
Walter de Whitfield (2nd) hus- 



band of, 53, 113. 
Longford (Derbyshire), 68, 70. 
Nicholas de (son of Nigel, sou 

of Nigel de Stafford), def. 1166), 69, 

70. 

Margaret de Bubendon (Bubden) 



widow of, 69, 70. 

Nigel de, their son (1170-8), 



69, 70. 
Oliver, son of Nigel (1197, def. 

1207), 68, 70, 143-4. 

Avicia, widow of, 144. 

Lovel (Lupus) Robert, 148, 161, 163-5 

(1214). 
Agnes, his wife (de Gresley), 

163. 

Loxley (Warw.), 181, 194. 
Loynton, in Norbury, 180, 182-9, 

192-3. 
Ludeston (Ludston), Alexander de 

(H. 2), 190. 
Lndicael (Ludichel) Priest(=Judikael?) 

(1072-1133), 181, 197, 198, 216. 
Lunvredele (Worcest. ), 181. 
Luteley, Philip de (1195), 84, 94, 268. 
Lutrarii Regis, 147. 
Luvet, Geoff. (1122), 199. 

M. 

Macum, Robert le (1206), 137, 143. 
Madeley (al. Madeleh), Great, 211-12 

Church of, 211, 274. 

Main, Collector (1122-5), 193. 
Malbanc, Wm. (1086), 196. 

Hugh (1123-5), 195-6. 

Wm. (def. 1190), 7. 

Alda, widow of, 4, 7. 

Malecorne, Warin (T. R W), 184. 
Malet, Wm., 224. 

Robt. son of (1106), 221, 224. 

Lucia, d. of 224, v. Taillgebose. 

Malmerton, Derbys., 68, 70. 
Mamefeld, JNotts., 35, 227, 231 (Mans- 

field.) 

Maneston (Mavesyn ?) Hugh, 243-4. 
Manor and Knights Fee, convertible 

terms, 1140-50. 
Marisco, Rich de (1211), 156. 
Marshall, John fz. Gilbert (1153), 121, 

221, 230. 
Marshall, John, King's Escheator 1192 

ob s. p. 1199), 19, 22, 26, 31, 37, 44, 

55, 65, 79, 91, 97. 
Marshall, Wm., brother and heir of 

John (occ. 1193-1216), 28, 31, 37, 44, 

55, 65, 79, 101, 108, 156. 
Isabel de Clare, wife of, 37. 



Marshall, Hugh le, 241 (1157-60). 

Marshall, The King's, 68, 9. 

Marmiou, Robt. (1215), 170. 

Marseilles, 9. 

Martel, Geoffrey (1166), 29. 

-- Eudo (1193-6), 29, 59, 63. 

Matilda Castle, in Elvel, 76. 

Mauveysin, Herbert (1212), 155. 

Maxstock (Warw. ), 210 . 

Mayfield, 176. 

Meertown (Mera), 3, 12. 47, 74, 78-9, 

84, 91, 108, 114, 121-22, 127, 132, 

136, 142, 147, 153, 160, 167, 171, 

175. 

Meilnil, Ralph de (1163-4), 188, 190. 
Mercia, Edwin, Earl of, 179. 
Mere, Ailmer de (1191), 13, 19, 26, 31, 

44, 55, 65. 
-- Eudo de (Ivo.) (1190), 261-3, 

266-7. 

Meredith, Wm. (1191), 13, 19, 26. 
Meriaduc, til Canaan (al. Meredith), 

(1200), 91, 97. 
Messana (Sicily), 22. 
Meverell, Richard (1130), 205. 
- Wm. (1161), 252. 
-- Hugh (1202), 111. 
-- Oliver (1206), 137, 143. 
Stephen (1214), 162. 



Middle Aston (Oxon), al Eston, 48, 

180. 
Milwich, Manor of, al Mulewic, 237-8. 

- Church of, 217, 274. 

-- Nicholas, Priest of (1125-55), 

217-18, 238. 

Milwich, Robt. de (1194), 263. 
-- Roger de (1198), 74, 276. 
Moddershall, Robt. de (1208), 148, 

154. 

Montbegon, Roger, 232. 
Montfort, Turstin de (1153-66), 221, 

231. 
Montgomery, Wm. de (1205), 130, 

240. 

Mont Richard, 20, 23. 
Mont St. Michael, Abbey of, 220-1, 

223. 
Moretain, John, Count of (1190-99), 

5, 8, 14, 15, 37, 41, 42, 152. 

- Fief of, 152, 213, 223. 
Mortimer, of Richard's Castle, Robt. 

de (1214), 161, 164. 
-- ofWigmore, Hugh de (1215), 
170. 

- of Wigmore, Hugh de (1153), 
221 224 

Morton, Wm. de (1190-2), 5, 9, 27. 
-- Ralph de (1199), 84, 94, 102. 
Morton Bagot (Warw.), 181. 
Mortune (Worcest.), 181, 187, 189, 

191. 
-- R , sub-tenant of (1086), 189. 



INDEX. 



Xlll. 



Mount Sorrel, Castle of (Leicest), 11, 

15. 

Mucegros, Rich, dc (1208), 152. 
Muginton, Nich. de (1199), 84. 
MuletoD, Thos. de (1207), 144, 146. 
Munchensi, Barons of, 132. 
Murder Fines, 89. 
Muschet, Wm. (1199), 82. 
Museberd, Wm. de (1198-1208), 74, 81, 

149, 154. 

Musse, Eichd. (1207), 113. 
Mustius, Gundred de (1202), 111. 
Mutton, Ivo de (1181), 256, 266. 

-- Ralph de (1200), 95, 263, 

265. 
Nicholas de (dtf. 1204), 121, 

263, 265. 
-- John de, son of (1204), 121, 

127. 

N. 



ill, Alan de (J. of Forest, 1166), 
190. 

Nevill, Hugh de, Justiciar (1195-1200), 
43, 50, 67, 95, 103, 114, 126, 131, 
135, 141, 147-8, 152-3, 155, 157-8, 
160, 163. 

Newark, Notts., 169. 

New-Castle-under-Lyme, Burgh of, 3, 
4, 11, 12, 15, 17, 21, 24, 31, 43, 46, 
57, 75-6, 78-9, 83, 174, 177, 232. 

, Castle of, 1, 2, 24-5, 30, 54, 
71, 91, 108, 114, 119, 125, 141, 147, 
157, 159. 160, 174, 177. 

- Gaol at, 78, 91, 101, 114, 119, 
157, 159, 160. 

Mill of, 101, 114. 

King's House at, 64, 114. 

Tallages of (1187), 3, 12; 



(1195), 47, 57, 66 ; (1199), 83 ; 
(1203), 116 ; (1205), 128 ; (1206), 
137; (1214), 162. 

- Vivary at, 43, 64, 91. 
New-Castle-under-Lyme, The Burges- 
ses of, 4 bis, 12, 31, 44, 55. 

, Gilbert of (1190-1202), 1, 17, 

30, 108. 

, Buern of (1190-1203), 1, 108, 
114. 

, Ormus of (1192), 17, 32. 
-, Nicholas fz. Walter of (1195), 




141. 



, Wm. fz. Adam of (1203), 114, 

, Robert de Brocton, and John 

fz. Robert, of (1204), 119. 

, Serlo fz. John of (1205), 126. 

, Stephen de Stubley of (1205), 

125, 141. 
New-Castle-under-Lyme, Knights of 

the Vicinage of, 109. 



New-Forest (Staffordshire), 95 bis, 98, 

104, 109. 

Newport Pagnell (Bucks), 61, 150. 
Nicholas, Clerk (1120-5), 195. 
Noel, or Fitz Noel, Family of 
Noel, sometimes called Wm. 

Noel (tern. Will. I. Will. II. & H.I.), 

219, 256-7. 

Robert fz. Noel, son of Noel), 



ob e. 1171), 41, 219, 257. 

Thomas Noel, son of Robert 



(occurs 1166, ob. c. 1206), 40, 41, 
105, 108, 112 bis., 113, 122, 124, 
137, 143-4, 146, 153, 256-7, 263, 
265-6. 

Alice, supposed sister of, 41, 



v. Duston. 

Margaret le Strange, widow 

of (1207), 96, 144, 146. 

Alice, daughter of, 41, 105, 



112, v. Harcourt. 
Joan, daughter of 



(married, 

1201, to Thomas fz. Eustace), 40, 

41. 105-6, 151. 
Noel, Adam (1194), 266. 

Philip (1194), 266. 

Nor bury, 74, 76. 

Norman, Prior of H. Trinity, London 

(1108-1147), 201-2-3. 

Bernard, brother of, 203. 

Norreis, Roger le (1185), 261, 
Northampton, Henry de (1202), 112- 

13, 117, 131. 

Northbrook, 20, 27, 47, 67. 
Norton (Warw.), 197- 
Norton (Worcest), 187, 189, 191. 
Nortune (Norton), Horm de (def. c. 

1160 ?), 251, 248. 

Philip de (1166), 251. 

Norton, John de (1195), 47, 52, 57. 

Geoff, de (1200), 95. 

Northwood(Ellarton), 68, 72. 

Norway, 94, 98. 

Norwich, John, Bp. of (1194), 

267-8. 
Not, Henry le (1208), 148, 150, 152, 

154-5. 
Nottingham Castle and Town, 221, 

227. 
Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, 

Sheriffs of. 

HughMurdach (1189), 42. 

Wm. Earl Ferrers (1189), 

42. 
Wm. Briwere (Easter, 1194), 

41, 42. 

Wm.(II. ) Earl Ferrers (Michms. 



1194), 42, 51. 

Nova Foresta v. New Forest. 

Novant, al. A'unant, Hugh de v. Ches- 
ter. 

Richard, brother of (1191). 



XIV. 



INDEX. 



0. 



Oaken, 181. 

Oakley v. Aclei, 267, 268-71. 

Odo, Bp. of Bayeux, 226-7. 

Odingselles, Hugh de (1214), 162-165. 

Basilia de Limesi, wife of, 164-5. 

._ Wm. de (1284), 165. 

Offlow, Hundred of, 89-90. 

Oilli, Henry de (1192-4), 20, 27, 33, 

58 bis, 62, 67, 74, 82, 104, 110-11, 

116, 126, 129,137. 
Oliver fitz. Nigel (dcf. 1207) v. Gresley, 

68-9, 143-5, 164. 

Heir of, 143, 164. 

Oliiea, 2, 11, 18, 25. 

Ombersley, Maurice de (1155), 117. 

Richard de (1203), 117. 
Orbiri, see Erdbury. 

Ordeslega, al. Arfen, Thomas de (1196), 

47 52 57 
Ordgrave, Gilbert de (1195), 46, 57, 

66. 

Ormus (1192), 17. 
Orslow (Horslage), in Ch. Eaton, 48, 

53. 
Osbert, Prior of Bromfield, Salop (1130), 

201, 203. 

Osbert, The Forester, 252, 254. 
Osbert, fz. Hervey, Justic (1200), 96. 
Osbert (Prsepos), (1190), 4, 12. 
Osbert, Chaplain of Kobt, de Staff, (c. 

1138-47), 210-212, 215-216. 

Richard, Vicar of, 211. 

Ostrucius, Chancellor of Llewllyn 

(1205), 129, 133 
Oswardebec, Wapentac of (Notts. ), 35, 

221, 227. 
Otherton, 182. 
Oversley (Warw.), 190. 

- Fulk of (1086), 190. 
Oxfordshire, Sheriffs of. 
Wm. Briwere (1193), 27. 

Hugh de Nevill, Custos. (1197), 



67. 



Geoffrey le Savage, Deputy of, 



P. 



Paganell, Gervase (1153-94), 5, 13, 14, 

16, 17, 19, 20, 33, 38, 39, 58, 224. 
Ralph de Sumeri, nephew and 

heir of (1194), 39. 
Pagan fz. John, 208 (1132). 

fz. Rainulf (H. I.), 186. 

Pakinton, Hugh de (1205-6), 128, 136. 
Panton, Dom* Wm. (1217-37), 276. 
Pantulf, of Wem, Ivo (1130), 205. 
Hugh (1194-7), 33, 58, 60, 62, 

67, 74, 82, 104, 110-11, 116, 126, 

135, 137, 154, 271. 



Pantulf, Wm. (1200), 95. 
Pantulf, of Hales, 113. 
Papenden, Surrey, 6. 10, 14. 
Paris, church of St. Deny's at, 42. 
Paries, Juliana de (1190-5), 6, 27, 46, 

57, 66. 
Pagan de, of Rollwright (1200), 

20, 27, 47, 52, 67, 84, 96. 
Wm. de (1194-1208), 32, 38, 

45, 47, 52, 61, 65, 271-2. 

Wm. de (1211), 155, 156, 158, 



161. 

Partenay (in Poiton), 165. 
Patshulle, 181. 
Patshull, Simon de, Justic (1195-1212), 

51, 83, 102, 116, 127, 131, 155, 158. 
Pattingham, 176. 
Pavee, Richd. de (1183), 259. 
Paz, Richd. de (1161), 252. 
Peche, Richard de, Just. 1193, 28 

(1194), 33, 39. 

Gilbert (1194), 32. 

Nicholas (def. 1208), 148. 
Matilda, dau. of (1208), 148, 

152, 154. 

Pembroke, Earl of, v. Strigoil. 
Penkhull, 47, 79, 83-4, 95, 128, 137, 

162, 172. 
Penkridge, 3, 12, 46, 77, 83, 128, 137, 

141, 143-4, 147, 151, 153, 156-8, 

160, 163, 166, 171. 
Penne, 10, 148, 152. 
Penne, of Alcester and Broom, Warw. , 

Henry de (1196), 60, 64. 
Perron, Robt. (1132), 206 
Perton, Ranulf cle (1193-1205), 26, 28, 

32, 128, 137, 146. 
Peter, fil. Brungive (1195), 46, 57, 

66. 
Peverel. of Notts. , Honour of 130. i, > ") 

Wm., 48, 221, 227. 

Philip, son of the Bp. (1194), 266. 
Philip, son of Holegod (1212), 156. 
Philip, King of France, 24, 40. 
Philip, Master (1194), 80-1, 86. 
Pictavensis, Comes Roger, 221, 223, 

232. 

Piletehala, Henry de (1190), 4. 
Pinel, Henry (1208), 149, 154. 
Pinley Nunnery (Warw.), 119, 123. 
Pipard, Gilbert (1190), 5, 9. 

Hugh (1194-6), 30, 39, 45, 56. 

Pincerna, Ralph (1122-5), 199. 

Wm., son of, 199. 

Pincerna, of Chester, Richard (1153), 

221, 235. 
Pincerna (of Leicester Earls), Robert, 

of Oversley (1163), 188, 190. 
Piplinton, Richd. de (Dep. Sheriff of 

Worcestershire, 1192), 20. 
Pirehill, Hundred, 13, 19, 26, 46, 56, 
83, 105, 107, 111-12, 176. 



INDEX. 



XV. 



Pirehill, Sergeantry of, 10.5, 107, 111, 

116. 
Pirie, Henry de (1191-1207), 13, 111, 

116, 143, 146. 
, Hawise, mother of, 144 bis, 

146. 

, Agnes, dan. of, 144, 146. 

Pismanescote (Oxf.), ISO. 
Placita Corouoe, 89. 
Polton, Wm. de (1200), 95. 
Pomeraie, Henry de la (1198), 74, 76, 

81. 

Pont-Audemer, Henry de (1208), 152. 
Port, Adam de, outlawed, 55, 61, 72. 
Portsmouth, 39. 
Powisland, 34. 
Frees (Shropsh.), 59, 64. 
Prestwood (in Ellaston), 68, 70. 
Prestwood, Richard de (Forester, 1200), 

95, 98, 109. 

Thomas de (1193), 71. 
Priory, "extra Burgum," i.e. 'St. 

Thomas' ' ?) 276. 
Probatores Regis, 106, 117, 119, 123, 

136-7, 141. 
Proficuum Comitatus, 129, 133, 137-8, 

140, 144, 147, 149, 151, 152, 157, 

159, 167. 

Pluralea Bosci. 94, 95, 103. 
Purton v. Perton. 
Puteis. Roger de (H. 2. ), 38. 
Puteo, Reginald de, ofRugeley (1194-7), 

33, 38, 45, 56, 66. 
Richard de (1208), 149, 154, 

161, 167. 
Putulf, al. Purcell or Putrell, Roaer 

(Reginald) (1206), 137-40. 
Margaret, his wife, 137-8, 140. 



Quatcote, 259. 

Quinci, Robt. de (1192), 20, 23. 

Hawise, of Chester, wife of, 23. 



R. 



Radmore, Wm., Abbot of (1156), 239. 
Rainaldus, Dapifer (1122-3), 195. 
Ralph, son of Brian (1157), 197, 241. 

sou of Horm (Okeover), 244, 

246. 



226. 



son of Odo (1153).. 205, 221, 

son of Juhell (1121-5), 195. 
Ralph, Dapifer (1130). 201, 203. 

Wm. , his sou , 201, 203. 
Ranulph, Tenant of Evesham Abbey at 

Kirjwmon, T. R. W., 178, 181. 
Raulph (1072), 178. 
Ranisor (Rumesor), in Ellaston, 68, 70. 
Ramton, 111. 



Rammesbury, Master John de (1208), 

148, 154, 161. 
Ranton, 41, 219, 220, 256. 
Rauceby (Line ), 184. 
Rembaideston, 45, 51, 56 (Rodbaston). 
Ricardscote, 180, 275. 
Kichard fz. Alan (1200), 95. 

fz. Harvey (1185-90), 261. 

fz. Musse (1199), 83, 94, 143 

bin. 
fz. William (1207), 143, 267-8, 

272. 

Richard Miles v. Foresters. 
Richard, Tenant of Rbt. de Stafford 

(1072-86), 181. 
Richard's (Jastle, 164. 

Barons of, Richard 3crupe, 179. 

Osborn fz. Richard (1072-86), 

178-9. 
Ridware, Cartulary, 240-1. 

Estates, 241. 

Ridware (Rydware), Walter of (1086), 

241, 143. 

, Wm. de (1157), 240-3. 

Wm., his .son and heir (1157- 

1182), 248, 257-8. 

Wm. de, Seneschal of Tutbury 



(1190), 35, 42, (1211), 155. 

Rogo de (.sic.) (1211), 155. 

Hugh de (1158-65), 248, 251-2. 

Roger, his son (1158-65), 251. 

Robert de (1160 ?). 

Edwyn, his son, (1160 ?) 

Walter de, 241. 

Thomas de, Kt., his son (1308), 



241. 
Robert, Canonicus (1205). 

tz. Aelem (1158), 250-1. 

fz. Brunindii (1205), 127, 136. 

fz. EJeg' (1135-40), 210. 

fz. Euclo (Odo?), 193. 252-3, 



fz. Harnon (1158-65), 248. 

fz. Hugh (I.) (1130), 202. 

fz. Hugh (II. ), his brother, 



202. 



fz. Ilbert (al. Helebert) (1157- 
60), 241. 
fz. Pasan (v. Pain), 235-6. 

fz. Ralph v. Standon (1192), 



20, 246. 

fz. Sinoth (1199), 94. 



(z. S ten efia (1130), 205. 

fz. Luein (1191), IS, 19. 26, 31. 

fz, Walter, son of the Bp.(1194), 



33, ] - 

.z. Wuiviv-i (12)6), 137, 139. 

fz Y wen (1200), 96. 



Rocester, 176. 

Rochester, Arohdn. of (1106), 60. 

Castle of, 169. 

Rodbaston (v. fiembaldeston). 



XVI. 



INDEX. 



Roger fz. Henry (1181-4), 256. 

fz. Norman (1130), 205. 

fz. Ralph (1125) 195-6. 

Roll-right, Great (Rollendrict), Oxf., 

20, 27, 47, 52, 67, 84, 96, 181. 
Rosceline, fz. Alured (1195), 46, 57. 
Roshall, Vivian de (1215), 170. 
Rouen, 7. 
Abp. of, Walter de Contances 

(1102), 22, 26, 28, 39. 
Rowley Regis (Roelega), 2, 11, 18, 25, 

28, 30 bis, 44, 46, 54, 64, 71, 79, 

85-6, 92, 101, 106-7-8, 114, 119, 125, 

134, 141, 147, 153, 160, 166, 172, 

175. 

Rowley Regis (Ruggelega), 57 . 
Rowley Regis, Richard de (1215), 166. 
Rudge (Shropshire), Eugge, 3, 12. 
Rufus, of Walsall, by grant of H. II. 
Herbert (occurs 1159 d?fs. 1190) 

7, 86. 
William (1198), al. Wile.kin, 

74, 81, 86, 94, 111, 113, 118, 126. 

Isabel de Archis, wife of, 118. 

Hervey (1200), 95. 



Rufus, Win., of Northampton (1196), 

59. 
Rufus, Wm., Chamberlain of H. II. 

(1166-89), 7. 

Sheriff of Surrey (1191), 14. 

Sheriff of Bucks (1193), 27. 

Rufus, Richard (1175-9). 4, 7. 
Rugeley (Ruggelcya), 1, 3, 4, 7, 10, 

12, 16, 17, 34, 46, 60, 64, 68, 75. 

78, 92, 101, 108, 114, 119, 125, 128, 

134, 137, 140, 146, 162, 164, 168, 

171. 

Runimecl, 169. 
Ru*uote (obsolete), 184. 
Rushall, of Rowley R^gis. 
Richard de (1201), 104, 106, 

115. 
* * * Father of, 104, 106. 



Ru,hall, Wm. de (defs. 1194), 32-3, 

38, 45, 52, 56, 72. 
Rutland, County of, 221. 



S. 



Saint, Edmund, Ralph de [1217-37), 

276. 

St. James de Beuvron, 220, 223. 
St. Pierre sur Dive, Abbey of, 148, 

152. 

St. Liz., Simon de, Earl of N., 227. 
St. Thomas, Priory of, 263-4, 275. 
St. Remigius (Rheims), Abbey of, 

139. 
Saleford, Hugh de (1206), 138. 

Robt. de (1194), 263. 

Salisbury, Patrick, Earl of (1153), 221, 

229. 



Salisbury, Wm. Longespoe, Earl of 

(1205-14), 129, 133, 162, 165. 
Sallowe, Robt. de (1158-65), 248. 
Salop, Master Richard, of (1158), 212. 
Saltcheverel, John de (H97), 6S-9. 
Salt (Saut), Wido de (1191), 13, 19. 
Salvage, Geoff., tern. H. II. (def. 1195), 

53 
Geoffrey (Livery 1195-1203), 

47, 52-3, 62, 67, 73, 95, 99, 111, 

118 (Dep. Sheriff, Oxon (1197) 50). 
Sancto Laudo, Richard de (113u), 202. 
Sancto Roerio, Geoff de (c. 1122-5), 

199. 
Sanford (of Sanford, Salop), Ralph de 

(1215), 170. 
Sandford, Roger de (1159-73), 98. 

Wm. de (1187-94), 2, 11, 14, 

18, 22, 33, 38, 45, 56. 

Milo de (1200), 94, 98. 



John de (1214), 162. 



Sandon, Great, 4, 7, 176. 

Robt. de (1213), 161. 

Sandwich, 169. 

Sardon, 194. 

Sarum, Humphry., Archdn. of (1208), 

152. 

Sauhalus, Halbergerius (1132), 206. 
Sawley, Derbys, al Sallaw, 59, 64, 70. 
Say, of Richard's Castle, Hugh de (def. 

1212). 154, 158. 

Widow of, 164, v. Mortimer. 

Saxony, Henry, Duke of (1165-1190), 

4, 7. 
Matilda of England, wife of (ob. 

July 28, 1189), 7. 

Richard Rufus, Chamberlain of 

(1190), 4, 7. 
Schechelle, al Secheville, al Sechull, 

The Forest of, 15, 17, 24, 30, 43, 54, 

64. 71, 78, 91, 101, 108, 114, 119, 

125, 134, 140. 146, 153, 160, 166. 
Schultona, al Selton. 4, 12, 19, 25. 

Robert de (1191^ 13. 14. 

Scotenei, Hugh de (1153), 221. 

Fee of, 226. 

Scutage of Wales (1190), at 10s. per 

fee, 5, 8, 12-14. 
For King Richard's redemption 

(1193-4), 33, 38-9. 
Of Normandy (the first) (1194), 

at 1 per fee, 62. 
Of Normaudy (the second) 

(1195), at 1 per fee, 58, 62. 
Of Normandy (the third) (1196), 



at 1 per fee, 58, 62, 63. 
Of King John (the first) (1199), 



at 2 merks per fee, 82, 88, 93. 

Of King John (the second) 

(1201), at 2 merks per fee, 102, 106. 
Of King John (the third) (1202), 



at 2 merks per fee, 111, 113. 



INDEX. 



XV11. 



Scutage of King John (the fourth) 
(1203), at 2 merks per fee, 116, 118. 

Of King John (the fifth) (1204), 

at 2i merks per fee, 122, 124, 127, 
131. 

Of King John (the sixth) 



(1205), at 2 merks per fee, 128-9, 
133. 

Of King John (the seventh) 



(1206), 137, 140. 
Of Ireland (irregular) (1210), 

156, 158-9. 
Of Poitou (1214), at 3 merks 

per fee, 162, 165. 
Scutella and Assse, 129. 
Segrave Gilbert de (1192), 20. 
Seing Richard de, Just (1203), 118, 

131. 

Seisdon Hundred, 83. 
Seperigge, Vill. of, 95. 
Servientes, Pacis (1196), 60-61. 

Regis, 69. 

Sevecurd, Wm. de (H. I.), 186. 
Sheldona, Roger de (1189-91), 4, 12, 

19. 

Shelton (in Stoke), 99. 
Shenstone, 146. 
Sheriff sometimes called Bailiff or 

Gustos, 130. 
Shrewsbury, 30. 

Abbot of (1212), 155, 158, 161. 

Master Robt. de, Just (1193), 

28. 

Shrewsbury, Earls of, Roger de Mont- 
gomery. 

Robt, de Belesme, 223, 224. 
Shropshire, Sheriffs of. 

Hugh Pantulf (1189), 6, 149, 

152 154 

Wm. fz. Alan (Mich. 1189), 6, 



149, 152, 154, 161. 

Geoffrey fz. Piers (1203-4), 117, 
130, 152. 

(Richard de Ombersley, Deputy 
of, 1203), 117. 

Th de Erdinton, 138, 150-2, 
157-9, 167, (1207). 

Ranulf, Earl of Chester (Easter, 



1216 Decbr., 1223), 167. 
Sibford, Simon de (1201), 104, 107. 
Simon fz. Osbert (1153), 221, 232. 
fz. William (1153-8) (v. Kyme) 

221 231 

Sireford, Robt. de (1205), 130. 
Sirescote, 58, 62, 67, 100, 179. 
Siward fil Turchil (1122), 195-6. 
Snelleston, Derbys., 130, 138-40. 
Someri, Ralph de (1208) v. Somery, 

272-3 

SomerviUe, Walter de (c. 1160), 248. 
Roger de (1196, def. 1200), 58, 

62, 67, 96 bis, 99, 100, 105. > i 



SomerviUe, Mabilla, widow of (1200), 

96, 99, 105, 108. 
Roger de (1204-1219), 121, 125- 

127, 131, 135-6, 141-2, 147, 153, 

160, 168. 

Isabella, widow of, 121. . 

Heir of (1215), 167. "" 

Roger de (1215-16), 168. 



Somery, Ralph de (1194 ob. 1210), 33, 
39, 45, 56, 58, 59, 61-3, 66-8, 73, 
75, 80, 82, 86, 104, 111, 114, 118, 
121-3, 128, 131, 136 bis, 137, 147, 
150, 152-3, 156, 159-60, 175, 
272-3. 

Margaret, widow of (1210), 156, 

159 

'- Heir of (1214), 165, 167. 

Southam (Warw.), 59, 64. 

Sow, The River, 78. 

Supton (South Periton) Castle (Somer- 
sets), 5, 9. 

Stafford, The Barons of (the elder 
line). 

Robert de Stafford (I. (1072-1088), 178- 
186, 194, 196-7, 200. 

A vice de Clare, wife of, 182. 

Nigel de Stafford, brother of 

(1086), 169, v. Gresley. 

Nicholas de Stafford (1088 c.1135), 
181-2, 190, 193, 198-9, 202, 206, 
208, 214, 215, 218-9. 

Maud, wife of, 195-6, 214-16. 

Robert de Stafford (II.) (1138-c. 1189), 
8, 9, 38, 188, 190, 193-4, 197-199, 
204, 206, 208, 210, 214, 217, 220-1, 
226 Fief of, 223, 235-238, 240-1, 
244-5, 247, 251, 253-4, 256, 259, 
261, 264. 

Avice, wife of, 236, 244-5, 

247, 261. 

Julian, son of. 

Nicholas, son of, 259. 



Milisant, daughter of, 28, &c. 

v. infr. 

Robert de Stafford (III.) (In possession 
1190, obiit inter 1191-1193), 5, 8, 9, 
13, 19, 20, 22, 25, 27-8, 32, 37-8, 
244-5, 247, 253, 259, 261, 264. 

Milisant, sister and heir of, 28, 

m. Bagot of Bramshall. 

Stafford, the Barons of, the 2nd line. 

Hervey Bagot (succeeded, jure 

uxoris, 1193 ob. c. 1211), 27-29, 
31-33, 37-S9, 44-5, 55-6, 58, 60, 62, 
65-6, 67, 73, 79-81, 82, 88, 92-96, 
98, 104, 109-112, 113, 116, 120-1, 
124, 126, 128, 132, 135-7, 141-2, 
147, 149, 152-3, 155, 159, 161-2, 
164-5, 261-274, 276. 

Milisant de Stafford, 2nd wife 



of (1193), 27, 28, 32, 121, 163-6, 
261-274, 276. 



XV111. 



INDEX. 



Stafford, Hawise, daughter of (betrothed 

to Thomas de Erdinton, ante 1198), 

269. (The marriage never took 

place. ) 

*** dau. of. 

***dau. of. 

William and Ralph, sons of 

(1215), 170, 273. 

Wm. de Stafford, of Bramshall, 

son of ? 
Hervey de Stafford, alias Hervey Bagot 

(II.), (natus c. 1194, infr. setat. 

1211, married 1214, ob. 1237), 162- 

4, 166-7, 170, 273-6. 
Petronilla de Ferrers, wife of 

(nata c. 1198, nupta 1214), 163, 166, 

273-6. 

John ue Stafford, son of (a hos- 



tage in 1233). 
*** posthumous, child of (born 

1237). 
Hervey de Stafford (I I.) (borne. 1217- 

18 infr. setat 1237, ob. 1240 s.p.), 

276. 
Robert de Stafford (IV. ) (succeeded his 

brother in 1240, ob. 1280). 276. 
Stafford, Burgh of, 3, 78, 173-4, 275. 
Castle of, 78, 79, 211-13, 237. 

275. 
St. Mary's Church at, 210-213, 

274, 276. 

Knights of the Honour of 



(1208), 149, 154. 

Gaol, 30, 37, 54, 71, 79, 91, 



114, 119, 143. 

Mill at, 37-8, 175. 



Stafford (Tallaged), 3, 12, 47, 57, 83, 

128, 162. 
Vivary, 54, 75, 78, 110, 114, 

119, 135, 141, 147, 153, 160. 
Smithy (1183), 175. 



Stafford, Walter (Provost), Escheated 
house in, 2, 11, 18, 25, 175. 

William de Rugge, of (1196), 



54. 



Richard f. Gervase of (1196), 



54. 
Stafford, Archdns. of, Robert (1126- 

39), 205-207. 
Henry de Lond' (1199-1205), 

88, 128-9, 143-4, 148, 154.5, 161 

bis, 163-4, 166. 
Staffordshire, Assizes of (1203), 117. 

Hundreds of, 172. 

The Knights of (1200-9), 94, 



147. 
70. 



Milo de Gloucester (1129-30), 

Alexdr. de Claverley, 190. 
Staffordshire, Scutages of, v. Scutages. 
Staffordshire, Sheriffs of. 
Thomas Noel (Mich. 1189), 6. 



Staffordshire, Thomas de Creswcll 
(Mich. 1189 Easter, 1190), 1, 2, 6. 

Hugh Bardulf (Easter to 

Michms., 1190), 1-6, 7, 9, 14, 17, 
31-35, 45, 55. 

Hugh de Chaucumb, Bailiff of 



(1190), 32, 45, 55, 65. 

Hugh, Bp. of Coventry (Mich. 



1190 to Easter, 1194), 9, 10-13, 14- 
17, 20-21, 24, 30-1, 36, 39, 51, 61. 
Robert fz. Waleran, Deputy of 



(1191), 10. 

Robert de Nunant, brother and 



Deputy of (1192), 17, 27. 

Richard Marshall, Deputy of 



(1193), 24. 

Hugh de Chaucumb (Easter, 



1194 to Midsummer 1198), 30, 36, 
43, 50. 54, 60-1, 64, 71, 75, 78, 81. 
Thomas De Erdinton, Deputy 



of (1195-6), 54, 60, 75. 

- Geoffrey Fitz Piers (Midsummer, 



1198 to Michms. 1204), 71, 75, 77- 
8, 91, 101, 108, 114, 117, 119, 125, 
135, 141, 147, 153. 

Thomas de Erdinton, Deputy 



of (1198-1204), 71, 75, 77-8, 91, 101, 
108, 114, 117, 119. 

Thomas de I Custodes(Mchms. 

Erdinton ) 1204 to Mchms., 

Robert de ) 1205), 125, 130, 

Alta Ripa ( 133, 136, 138. 
Thomas de Erdinton, Gustos. 



(Michm. 1205 Easter. 1216), 134, 
138, 140, 146, 150-1, 153, 157, 160, 
166-7, 170. 

Hervey Bagot (Sheriff by usur- 



pation for part of 1215), 167, 170. 

Ranulph, Earl of Chester 

(Easter 1216 to Christmas 1223),167, 
Henry de Audley, Deputy of 



(1218-1220.) 
Stallington, in Stone, 206. 
Stamford, Line. 169. 
Standon, 184. 

The Ridge, in 184. 

Brien, Lord of Standon (1086-8), 183-4, 

197, 246. 
Ralph fz. Brien (1122-57), 195, 197, 

205-6, 219, 246. 

Widow of, 148. 

Kobert fz. Ralph (1166), 246, 248, 250. 
Robert de Standon (1205-8), 129, 148 

(=R. fz. Ralph?) 

*** Widow of (1208), 148. 
Standon, Adam de (1181), 256. 
Stanes, Church of v. Stone, 199. 
Stanes, Treaty of (1217) 169. 
Stanford, Wm. de (1191), 14, 17. 
Stanton (Ellaston), 68, 70. 
Stanton, Alexander de HI 35-90), 261- 

2. 



INDEX. 



XIX. 



Stapleton, Philip de (1194), 30, 36. 
Stephen fz. Robert (1208), 149, 154. 
St. Mary Church, Wm. de (Escheator) 
(1196), 58-9, 63. 

- Magister Absalon, Clerk of, 
58,9. 

Stienton (Notts. ), 35. 

Stirchley, Osbert de (1180), al de 

Diddlebury, 212. 
Stoke, vill of, 274. 

- Church of, 238. 

Stoches, Viviau de (1200), 95, 110. 
Stokes, Richard de (1205), 128, 136, 
142. 

- Thomas de (1217-37), 276. 
Stockton, Agues de, v. Lougford, 53, 

113. 

Stone Priory, 70, 199-202, 204-5, 209- 
218, 233-4, 236-8, 274-6. 

- Prior of, Ralph (1138-47), 
215-16. 

-Roger (1161), 252, 254. 
Silvester (1194), 263. 



195, 198, 221, 



Mausoleum of The "de Staff ords," 

236. 
Stoneleigh (Warw.), 

228, 240. 
Stonesfield (Stutfield) Oxf., 20, 27, 

180. 

Stour Pain (Dorset), 53. 
Stramshall, 180. 
Stninjro, of Alreley and Western, v. 

le Strange. 
Strange of Ness and Cheswardine v. 

le Siranqe. 
Stretton, de (or Stratton). 

Hervey, Founder of the Line 

(T.R.W.) 

Richard de (son of?), (1157 ob. 



1166), 244-6. 

Hervey de (1166-84), 244, 246, 



252-3, 256 (son of Richard). 

Richard de (1193-1204), 27, 47, 



52, 59, 63, 67, 122, 127-8, 132, 155, 
167, 252, 253, 271. 

Cecilia, widow of (1205), 128, 
132, 136, 142, 147, 153. 

Son of (infr. setat. 1205- 



1214), 128, 155, 161, 164. 
Strigoil, Richard de Clare, Earl of, 
37 
Wm. Marshall, 170. 

- Stuteville, Wm. de (1191), 5. 
Sudeley, Ralph de (H. 2), 239. 
Swyufen, Henry de (1182), 257. 

Wido do (1191-1207), 13, 143, 



146. 



Wife of (1207), 143, 



146. 
Swinnerton, v. fitz Aelem. 

Church of, 212. 

Orbert and Osbert, of, 212. 



T. 



Taillgebose, Ivo (1086), 224. 

Lucia Malet, wife of, 224. 

Lucia, daughter of, 224 v. 

Romara and Meschin. 
Tainlands of Domesday, 176-7. 
Tallages of Staffordshire. 

(A.D. 1187), 3, 12 ; (A.D.1195), 
47, 51, 57, 66, 69, 73. 

(A.D. 1198), 74, 76, 77 ; (A.D. 

1199), 83, 88. 
(A.D. 1203), 116, 118; (A.D. 

1205), 128, 131-2. 

(A.D. 1206), 137, 139; (A.D. 



1214), 162, 165. 
Tamhorn, Robt. de (1186-90), 1, 2, 18, 

38. 
Tamworth (Tallaged), 3, 12, 47, 57, 

83, 173-4. 

Castle of, 1, 2, 7. 

Tanet, Wm. de (1160), 243. 
Tankerville, The House of, 230. 
Tarbech (Tardebigga), Wor^est., 1, 11, 

17, 24, 30, 43, 54, 64, 71, 77, 91, 

101, 108, 114, 119, 125, 134, 140, 

146, 153, 160, 166, 171. 
Templars, The Knights, 1, 9, 10, 17, 

24, 30, 43, 54, 64, 71, 78, 91, 101, 

108, 114, 119, 125, 134, 140, 146, 

153, 160, 166. 

Templars of Keele v. Kerle, 2, 11. 
Tenerai, Robt. de (1194), 268, 271. 
Tettenhall Regis, 3, 12, 24, 28, 46, 74, 

77 bis, 78-9, 84, 91, 108, 114, 119, 

122, 125, tallased 128, 130, 141, 

144, 147, 153, 160, 166, 171. 

Thomas, Priest of (1161), 252. 

Tewkesbury, 129, 133. 

A., Abbot of (1199), 83. 

Thene, Ilbert (or Gilbert) de (1138-47), 

211, 213, 214, 215, 217-18, 
Wm., his brother, 211, 216-8, 

al. Wm. fz. Gilbert. 

Robert, another brother, 217-8. 

Thickbroom, 165. 

Wm. de (1201-3), 105, 107, 

115. 
Roger, brother of, 105, 107, 



115. 
Thomas, Camerarius (def. 1210), 156. 

Cecilia, widow of, 156. 

Thomas fz. Bernard (H. II.), 2, 11, 18, 

25, 31. 
fz. Eustace (1209), 105-6, (v. 

Noel), 148, 151. 
fz. Ralph, The Hunter (1161), 

252 

'- fz. Richard (1158), 248. 

fz. Roger (1194), 34, 141, 

144. 
Thoret, Bartholomew (1215), 170. 



XX. 



INDEX. 



Thorp, Geoff, de (1132), 206-7. 

Robt, son of (1138), 206-7. 

Thorpe, Constantino (Staffs.), 231. 

Thurburn (T.R.E. & 1072), 181. 

Thurvastoii (Turveydeston), Derbys., 
68, 70. 

Timmor, Henry de (1208), 148, 152. 

Petronilla de, 155. 

Tickhill, Castle of, 223, 232-3. 

Tinchebray, 224. 

Tishoe v. Tysoe. 

Titneshovre, Nicholas de, 275. 

Richard de (1217-37), 276. 

Tiwe(0xf.), 20, 27. 

Wm. de (1163), 188-9. 

Walter de (1207), 144, 146. 

Avelina, wife of, 144, v. Long- 
champ. 

Tixall, 181. 

Toke, Robt. de (1205), 138. 

Wm. de (1205), 138. 

Tokebi, Waste in, 5. 

Toli, Pistor (c. 1135), 210. 

Todeni (Totineyo). 

Robert de, al Robt. de Belvidere 

(ob. 1088), 228. 

William, his son (not identical 



with Wm. de Albini), 228. 

Berenger, another son, 228. 

Robt. de Todeni, a younger 



brother of Wm. de Albini, 228. 
Toni, Roger (slain c. 1042), 255-6. 
Robert de, younger son of, i.e. 

Robert de Stafford (I.), 254-6. 
Ralph de, eldest surviving son 

of Roger (ob. March 24, 1102), 253. 
Torneriis, Rich, de (112-30), 199, 201, 

203. 
Torkesey (suburb of Lincoln), 221, 

227 

Tornhulle, Robt. de (1214), 162. 
Totmouslow (Hundred), 176. 
Tourns, Gt. (The Sheriff's court), 173. 
Tours, 24. 

Trainel, of Hatton (Salop.) 
Robert (defs. 1207), 149, 154, 

158. 

Travers, Roger (1195), 48. 
Trentham, 1, 2, 14, 18, 25, 48-9, 77, 

87, 91, 171. 
Market of, 2, 11, 18, 25, 30, 

44, 55, 65, 71, 79, 92, 101, 114, 125, 

135, 141, 147, 153, 160, 166-7, 175. 
Prior of, John, Capellanus 

(1154-94), 2, 49, 50. 

Priory, 43, 48. 

Canons of, 43, 48, 54, 64, 71, 



78, 91, 101, 105, 107-8, 114, 119, 
125, 134, 141, 146, 153, 160, 166. 
Prior of, 111. 



Trusbut, Wm. , son of Geoff, fz. Pagan, 
225. 



Trusbut, of Watre, Barony of, 225. 
Trussell, Robt. (1196), 59, 112-13, 117. 

Amicia, mother of (1196), 59. 

Tunstall, Geoff, de, 5 (1189). 
Turketill, Wm. de (1196), 60. 
Turneham, Stephen de (1198-1204),74, 

81, 93, 102, 106, 119. 
Turpis, Roger (1130), 202. 
Tutbury, Prior of (1208), 148. 

Priory, 152. 

Honour of, 176-7. 

Tysoe (Warw.), 195-6, 210-11, 214-17, 

238-9, 259, 275. 

Church, of, 181, 210-11, 274. 

Mill, 275. 

Tysoe Judikell, Priest of (1072), 181. 
John de (1217-37), 276. 



U. 



Ulfer (Urfer ?) (1122), 195, 198. 
Ulicote, Philip de, Just Forest (1212), 

157 
Ullenhall, Roger de (1163), War., 

(Holehall, T.R.W.) 
Upton (Clent Hundred, Worcest.), 

180. 
TJrsus, or Urso de Abetot, Sheriff, 

Worcest. (1086), 179. 
Urso, Wm. (1182), 258. 

Nicholas (1217-37), 276. 

Uttoxeter, 176. 



V. 



Vado, Gilbert de (1195), 46, 57, 66. 

Ver, Alberic de (1132), 208. 

Verdon, Norman de (1153), 177, 201, 

203, 220-1, 226, 232. 
Lesceline de Clinton, wife of, 

53, 203, 

Bertram de, son of (1191), 5, 



9, 20, 39, 53, 122, 124, 132, 188. 
Roisia, his widow (1192), 132, 



138, 140, 144, 150. 

Thomas de, son and heir (1194 



def. 1200\ 33, 34, 39, 40, 45, 48, 
53, 56, 58, 62, 66-7, 73-4. 

Eustacia, d. of Gilbert Basset 



wife of, 34, 96, \06. 
Nicholas de, next brother, 

succeeds Thomas (1204), 111, 116, 

122, 124, 126, 129 bis, 134-5, 137-8, 

141, 162. 
Bertram, a younger brother, 

has Lincolnshire land (1204), 122, 

124, 137. 
Verdon, William de (1153), brother 

of Norman ? 221, 232, 

Roelend de (1163-6), 188, 191. 

Gwiot de (Guy) (1163-6), 188, 

190. 



INDEX. 



XXL 



Verdon, Henry de(1212), 156. 
Verney, Symon de (1217-37), 276. 
Vernon, of Harlaston, Erlaveston, 176. 

Walter de (T.R.W.c.), 176. 

Walter, his grandson (1154-7), 

176. 
Richard de (esch. 1194), 34 bis, 

39-40, 47, 52, 57, 61, 66, 80, 86, 

93 bis, 102. 

* de Vernon, wife of Simon 



Bassett (1194), 34. 
Vert, Pleas of, 99. 
Vezelai, France ; 24. 
Vigil (le "Waite"), Hugh (1130-3), 
207-9 (S. Coll., Vol. I., p. 186}. 
John (1130), 209. 

Roger (1190-1201), 5, 9, 96, 

100 ; 105, 275. 

Cecilia, daughter of (1210) 156, 



158, widow of Th. Chamberlain. 
Vilers, William de (1130), 202-3, 206-7, 

210. 
Vipont, Robert de (H. II.), 224. 

Idonea, wife of, 224. 

Vire, Castle of, 220, 222. 

W. 

\Vac, al Wake, Hugh (1153), 221, 
231-2, married daughter and coheir of 
Baldwin fitz Gilbert, of Lincolnshire. 

Roger, brother of Hugh? (1153), 
221, 232. 

Baldwyn (1214), mesne tenant 

underdo Stafford in Lincolnshire, 165. 
Wageneswitton (al Wooton Wawen), 

215-17, v. Wootton. 
Wagtail, Richard (1190), 3, 11, 18, 25, 

31, 44, 55, 65, 68, 79, 92, 101, 109. 
Wai, Wm. del (1200), 95, 104. 
Walcheline, Master (1207), 146. 
Waleis, Osbert (1183), 259. 
Wales, North, David, King of, 24, 

27-8. 
Emma, wife of (1193-6), 

24-5, 54-5, 61. 

Wales, South, Res, Prince of, 8. 
Walsall, 3, 4, 7, 12, 76, 83, 86-7, 171, 

175. 

Wood, of, 94. 

falter (attests Evesham Charter 1072), 

178. 
'alter, Provost of Stafford, 237, v. 

Stafford. 

f. Edith (1200), 96, 104. 
f. Gerard (1183), 259. 



f. Juthe (of Stafford) (1155), 
236-7, 275. 

f. Medus (1212), 155. 

f. Ralph (1208), 272. 



f. William (1199-1232), 83, 195, 

197, 205, 207 bis. 



Walton, or Waleton, 97, 200-1, 204, 

274. 
Achil, Lord of (T.R.E.), 

200 
Ernald, Lord of (1086), 195, 

198, 200, 274. 
Enisan f. Ernald (1100 def. 

1133), 195, 198, 200, 204-5, 208-9, 

210, 233-36, 274. 

Ernald (II.) (1133-1166), 198, 



201-5, 208-10, 217-8, 233-6. 

Ivo, his son and heir (1166-90), 



5, 9, 27, 75, 198, 202, 276. 
Walton, Waldeve de (dcf. 1180), 

81, 87. 
Henry de Wudeton (Wootton), 

takes the name of Walton from his 

uncle Waldere, 87, 101, 108, 125, 

134, 140, 146, 153, 160-2. 
Walwanus, 256, v. Wootton Walwaynes, 

or Wawen. 

Wardebois, Richard (1207), 144. 
Warin fz. Gerold (1153), 221, 230. 

Henry, brother of. 230. 

Warin Malecorne (1085), 183-4. 
Warrisseden, Geoff. (1183), 259-60. 
John and Ralph, his sons, 

259. 
Warwick, Earls of, 

- Roger (de Newburgh) (1131), 

201, 203. 

Agnes d. of married Geoff, de 



Clinton (II.), 203. 

Robert, brother of (ob. 1158) 



Earl of W., 201, 203. 

Waleran de N. (ob. 1205), Earl 



of W., 84, 129, 134. 
Warwick, Sheriffs of, 

Age) wine (Alwin), T.R.E., and 
(1072), 179. 

Turchil de Warwick, 179, 



196. 

Roger (c. 1122-5). 195, 198. 

Geoffrey de Cliu'ton (1129-30), 

198. 

Wastehose, Alan de (1203), 114. 
Wappenbury, Richd. de (1200), 96. 

Juliana la Strange, wile of, 96. 
Wastineys, Godric (ancest. of 1086 ?) 

165. 

Goisfrid (T. R. W.), 251. 

William tie (1166), 248, 251. 

Geoffrey de (1166), 248, 251. 

William and Robert, sons of 

William de, 248, 251. 

Philip de (Line.) (1201), 106, 



121, 124, 127, 156, 163, 165 (1214.) 
Matthania de Colton, mother 



of. 



Joceus de (1214), 163, 165. 



Waterfare, Hawise de (1201), 104, 110, 
115. 



XX11. 



INDEX. 



Waure, Wm. de (1200), 95. 

"Wednesbury (Wodnesberia), 1, 10, 17, 
24, 30, 43, 54, 64, 71, 77-8, 91, 101, 
108, 114, 119, 125, 134, 140, 146, 

152, 169, 166, 171. 
Weeford, 94, 98, 165. 
"Welebiri, Oxon. 67. 
Wenwynwyn, Prince of Powys (1198), 

76. 

Werksworth (Derbys.), 41. 
Westcote (Warw.), m. of Tyshoe?) 

214-16. 

Weston (Salop), 96, 99, 113. 
Ywen of, 96. 

Robert, son of (1200), 96. 

Weston-uude-Lizeard, 96. 
Weston, near Standon, 184. 
Weston, Gloucest, 186. 
"Wichinham, 4. 
Whitfield, Robt. (Just 1191), 16. 

Simon de (1211), 155. 

Whitfield, Walter de (1191-4), 14, 17, 

19, 20, 26, 31, 33-4, 43, (1202), 111- 

13, 126. 
Eva de Lan^ford, w. of, 14, 17, 

19, 26, 31, 33, 48, 113. 
Wichlea, al. Wickley (Northants), 34, 

40. 

Wichford (Warw.), 60, 64. 
Wichnor, 58,62, 67, 100, 180. 
Wido, Probator Regis (1201), 101, 

106, 
Wigginton, 3, 12, 47, 57, 74, 77-8, 101. 

108, 122, 125, 130, 134, 140, 146, 

153, 160, 166, 171. 

Whitley, Matthias de (1122), 194-5, 

197. 

.Wm. de (1163), 193-4, 197. 

Robt., his brother, 193. 

Wilbrighton, Starts., 29. 

Hervey de (1166-1196), 63. 

Wm. de (1217-1237 c.), 276. 

Willenhall, 95, 172. 

Wilston, Radulf de (1205), 127-8, 

136. 

Wilia (Bucks.), 138. 
William, Dapiier, of Evesharn (H.I.), 

186-7. 

f. Ail ward (1207), 143. 

f. Alan, 271. 

f. Conan (1130), 202. 

f. Estive (1191-5), 13, 19, 26, 

31, 44, 55, 79. 

f. Eustace (1202), 111, 115. 

f. Gilbert, Cancellarius (1153), 



229 

'- f. Hugh (1212), 155. 

f. Leston, al. Lefstan, 252, 255 
(1161), 259, 261. 

f. Peter (de Birmingham ?) 



(1191), 14, 17. 
f. Ralph, 248, 250. 



William, f. Ranulph (1194), 267, 271. 
William (al. de)~) 

(All sons 

of Wm. 

f. 
Ranulph). 



Albo monasterio 
267,271-2(1208), 

Reginald, 267 

Hugh(120S), 267, 
272 

Roger (1208), 272. 

Ranulf(1208), 272. 



I Thomas (1208),272J 
f. Richard (Gustos, of Verdon's 



Barony 1195), 47, 53, 152. 

f. Simon (1191), 11, 12. 

James, his brother (1191),11, 12. 

f. Sirach (1206), 155. 

f. Thomas (1161), 252. 

f. Vicecomitis (1199), 84, 90, 



103 v. Erding, 109, 127- 

f. Walter (1205), 128, 136, 142, 



147, 153. 

- f. Wido (1189), 2, 11, 15. 
f. Wimar (1194-8), 32, 37-8,75, 



78, 81, 110, 114, 120, 125, 135, 141, 
147-8, 153, 160, 166, 143, 145. 
f. Wimund (1161), 255. 



Windeston, Stephen de (1194), 263. 
Winchester, Geoff. Bp. of (1197), 67. 

Peter de Roches, Bp. of (1212- 

14), 162, 164. 

Windsor Chapel, vessels of, 6. 
Wilton, Ralph de (1206), 136. 
Wimar, Thomas fiz., 263 (Wm. fz., set 

William. 

Windeston, Stephen de (1194), 263. 
Witefeld, Walter de, v. Whitfiell. 
Witegreve, Robert de (1155), 235. 

- Gilbert de (1190), 26, 32, 45, 56, 

65, 76, 84, 90, 103. 

Ailric de (1194), 26, 32, 45, 56, 



65, 72, 90. 
Witeley (Warw.) Matt, de (1161), 

252-3. 
Wm. de (1161), 193, 254. 

- Robert de (1161), 193, 254. 
Wither, Wm. (malefactor) (1196), 54. 
Withington (Salop), 34. 

Wixford (Warwicks.), 190. 
Wolseley, 245. 

Edrictde, 244. 

- llenner, son of (1158-65),244-5. 
Siward, son of (1158), 244. 

- Hervey, son of (1158), 244, 247. 
Wolverhamptou ( Wulfrunehanton), 3, 

12, 46, 57, 83, 125 (tallaged), 128, 

137 (tallaged), 162, 171-2. 
Proposed Abbey of (1204), 100, 

122. 

St. Mary's Church at, 172. 

Woodhouse (Derbys), 68, 70. 

Woodbtock, 78. 

Woolford, Great (Warw.), 210-11, 

215-17. 



INDEX. 



XX111. 



Woolstanton, 79, 84, 87, 172, 177. 
Wootton Wawen (Warw.), 211, 213, 

215-17. 
Priory, 253-4, 256. 

Mill, 211, 213, 275. 

Wordcote, Wordicote, Robt. de (1202), 

111, 116, 126. 
Worcester, Bps. of, Wulstan (1062- 

1095), 180. 
Simon (1125-47), 210-211, 

213-16. 
Wrottesley (Wrotolie), 178, 182-89, 

191-193. 

Boundaries of, 183. 

Wrottesley, Adam de (1161), 188-9, 

191-2, 244, 246, 252, 254, 257-8. 

Simon de, 192. 

Sir Wm. de, son of Simon 

(1199-1242), 192. 

Wrottesley and de Coughton 



families how connected, vide pp. 
188-9, 191-2. 



Wudeton, al Wootton, Henry de (1199), 
81, v. Walton. 

- William de (1199), 74, 76, 81. 
Wuhlaveston, 95. 
Wulenhale, 275. 

Godwin de, 275. 

Erne de, 275. 

Wulward, Church of, 274. 
Wuinrichescroft (Ricardscote), 275. 



Yarmouth, 165. 
York, 50. 



Y. 



Z. 



Zouche, of Tong, &c. 

Alan la, 27, 29, 59. 
Adelicia de Belmeis, wife of 29. 
- Wm. la Z. al de Belmeis (1193), 
27, 29, 56, 63. 



COLLECTIONS 



FOR A 



HISTORY OF STAFFORDSHIRE. 



PART 2 



VOL. II. 



OBLIGATORY KNIGHTHOOD, 



temp. CHAELES L 



WITH THE NAMES OF THOSE STAFFORDSHIRE GENTLEMEN WHO 
COMPOUNDED WITH THE COMMISSIONERS FOR NOT TAKING UPON 
THEMSELVES THE ORDER OF KNIGHTHOOD AT THE CORONATION 

OF THAT KING. 



Extracted from the originals in tJte Public Record 



BY HENEY SYDNEY GKAZEBROOK. 



OBLIGATORY KNIGHTHOOD, 

temp. CHAELES I. 



STAFFORDSHIRE GENTLEMEN WHO WERE FINED FOR THEIR NON- 
APPEARANCE AT THE CORONATION OF CHARLES THE FIRST TO 
RECEIVE THE ORDER OF KNIGHTHOOD. 



The history of feudal and obligatory knighthood has been so 
ably and so exhaustively discussed by Mr. F. M. Nichols, in a 
paper contributed to the "Archseologia,"* that it is only necessary 
for me, in introducing the ensuing Lists, to refer the reader to that 
paper. 

At the same time it seems proper that I should give, by way of 
preface, just so much of the history of compulsory knighthood as 
will serve to explain the nature of the proceedings instituted 
temp. Charles the First against those who made default, and who, 
as these lists will show, were heavily fined for their non-appearance. 

It will be sufficient, then, for my present purpose to note that 
under the feudal system it was compulsory upon every one who 
held a knight's fee and was of full age, to be received into the order 
of knighthood, or in default to pay a fine to the King ; and it was 
customary especially on any important or solemn occasion, such 
as a coronation or a royal marriage for proclamation to be made, 
calling upon every layman of full age, and holding one or more 
knights' fees, and not being a knight, to cause himself to be dubbed 
knight. 

For non-compliance with such a command, the large possessions 
of Eoger de Somerie, Baron of Dudley, were, in 1234, seized by the 
Sheriff of Worcestershire, on behalf of the King, and were only 
restored on his paying a large fine as a peace offering. 

These proclamations continued to be made at intervals during 
the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the holders of soccage lands 
being eventually included in the summonses ; and there are 

* An inquiry into the history of feudal and obligatory knighthood in Er gland ; 
communicated to the Society of Antiquaries by F. M. Nichols, M.A., F.S.A., 
Barrister-at-Law. (" Archseologia, " Vol. 39, 1863.) 



FINES FOE KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 5 

numerous cases on record of the honour being declined and a fine 
exacted. 

Blackstone informs us that compulsory knighthood was " ex- 
pressly recognized in Parliament by the statute de Militibus" 

This so-called statute for there is strong evidence to shew that 
it was merely a Royal ordinance is declared by the Eecord Com- 
missioners to be of " uncertain date," but it is usually assigned to 
the first of Edward II. There is little doubt, however, that its true 
date is the sixth of Edward I. It fixes the annual income of "those 
who ought to be knights " at 20, and sets forth who may be ex- 
cused and on what grounds. 

The knightly census here fixed at 20, was in the reign of 
Henry VI. raised to 40, at which it remained until the abolition 
of compulsory knighthood. 

It was under this Statutum de Militibus that fines were exacted 
from the 40 freeholders, at the several coronations of Edward VI., 
Mary, Elizabeth, and Charles I. As will be seen hereafter, the 
last-named monarch in his proclamations constantly appealed to 
the law, the " statute in that case made and provided," &c., in sup- 
port of his exactions. A list of those who compounded in 1st and 
2nd Mary will be found in the fifth volume of " The Herald and 
Genealogist," p. 18 ; and among the State Papers, temp. Elizabeth 
and Edward VI., will be found lists of those " who have not com- 
pounded for their fines for knighthood." It is perfectly clear then 
that the principal object of the summonses on these occasions was 
the obtaining money from defaulters. 

How many of those summoned on these several occasions really 
appeared and received their knighthood, I am unable to say ; but I 
dare hazard a guess that they might almost be counted on one's fingers. 

There appears to be no trace of knighthood money being exacted ' 
by James I., though the usual proclamations were issued before his 
coronation. It was this monarch, however, who brought the 
" honour " of knighthood into disrepute by so lavishly bestowing it. 
At the death of Queen Elizabeth there were scarcely three hundred 
knights in all England, for she was very sparing of such honours. 
But her successor is said, during his tenure of the throne, to have 
knighted more than two thousand three hundred gentlemen. " On 
his journey from Scotland," says Mr. Nichols, " he had already 
dubbbed 230 knights before he arrived in London ; and two days 
before his coronation he bestowed the- honour upon the almost 
incredible number of 400 gentlemen !" 



6 FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp, CHARLES I. 

This lavish distribution of honours excited general ridicule. The 
estimation in which these carpet knights were held is shewn by a 
ballad of the period, in which all the " farmers and carters and 
hedgers and ploughmen are invited to ' come all to Court and be 
made knights.' " 

Though thou hast neither good birth nor breeding, 

If thou hast money thou'rt sure of speeding. 
Honour invites you to delights, 

Come all to Court and be made knights. 
Knighthood, in old time, was counted an honour 

Which the blest spirits did not disdain ; 
But now it is used in so base a manner, 

That it's no credit, but rather a stain. 

In a letter of 1603,* addressed by Philip Gawdy to his brother, 
the writer speaks of the " multitude of Knyghtes made ; " and 
adds that "It is sayde many payd well for the honour." In another 
letter, dated 1608, the same writer refers to " a number of worthy 
and very choyse Knights" having been made upon a recent 
occasion ; " but with them," he adds, " lyke cockle amongst good 
come, a skumrne as it wolde make a man sick to thynke of them. 
. . . Dyvers pedlers' sonnes of London have received the same 
Order ; amongst the rest Thimblethorp, the attorney, that was 
called NimUechappes, was knighted for 7. 10s. 

" Captayns Burnell and Guinis, my Lo. of Sussex his man, had 
but bad fortune, for they wer bothe thrust out of the rome by the 
heade and shoulders, and so lost their earnest penny. Little Cobb 
scaped very narrowly ; ther was such exception taken for the place 
of soinrne of the meaner sorte cornplayned of to the King, as he 
hath gy ven my Lo. of Worster authority by commission to marshal 
every knight according to the place they wer in before. 

" I know one knight in Suffolk that followed the Court so long 
for a Knighthood, as whether it wer for want of good lodging, or 
shifte of rayment, he and his men were so lousye as it was most 
wonderfull ; and yet in the end paying well for it he was made 
a lousy k't. 

" Of those kind of knyghtes ther be so many jestes bredd ; as 
one that a knight comming to the dore being straytly kept by the 
usher, he earnestly requested to come in ; the usher asked him who 
he was. He told him a Knight ; the usher answered him he must 
stay without, for ther wer so many new knyghtes wolde come in as 
they sholde have no rome for esquires. Another was this : two 

* Hist. MSS. Com., Rep. 7, p. 525, et seq. Papers of G. E. Frere, Esq. 






FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 7 

walking, espyed one a farr off ; the one demanded what he sholde 
be, the other answered he seemed to be a gentleman ; No, I warrant 
you, says the other, I thinke he is but a knight." 

The natural result of such a state of things was that many persons 
who, like " My Lo. of Sussex his man," could not obtain access to 
the " fountain of honour," dubbed themselves " Sir ;" and this as- 
sumption became at last so common that the King, to remedy the 
evil, issued an ordinance directing a register to be kept by the 
heralds, wherein the names of all knights should for the future be 
enrolled. This register is still preserved in the College of Arms. 

The question now arises, were the 400 persons upon whom James 
conferred knighthood in 1603 those freeholders who attended in 
obedience to the proclamations issued a few days before ? I think 
I may safely say no. 

But whatever may have been the case at James's coronation, 
there can be no doubt that the proclamations made by his successor 
were not intended to be literally obeyed, and as a matter of fact no 
" carpet knights " were made at the coronation of Charles. It 
appears from a list of knights made by him in the Harl. MS., 983, 
that only sixty-seven persons were knighted in 1625, and that none 
were made between 29th December, 1625, and 12th April, 1626. 
Hallam, though he admits that the chief object of these proclama- 
tions was to raise money, yet " presumes that those who chose to 
appear could not be refused." In another place he confesses that 
there is some mystery about the matter which he is unable to clear 
up ; nor could he comprehend why the title was so continually 
declined, unless it were that the fees of knighthood greatly ex- 
ceeded the composition. " Perhaps," he suggests, " none were 
admitted to the honour who could not prove their gentility, though 
the fine was extorted from them."* 

It is a fact that the fees of knighthood were largely in excess of ! 
the fines imposed upon defaulters ; the former were between 60 
and 70, the latter averaged in Staffordshire 10. As to the 
social status of the persons summoned, we find a yeoman in the 
Staffordshire list, and it can hardly be supposed that had he obeyed 
the summons the King would have girded so mean a person with 
the belt of knighthood. On this and other points the preamble of 
the Act 16 Car. 1., c. 20, by which compulsory knighthood was 
abolished, is instructive. It admits that " many were altogether 
unfit in regard either of estate or quality to receive the said order," 

* Cited by Nichols. 



8 FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 

asserts that the proceedings taken were " altogether useless and 
unreasonable," and that it was " not sufficiently known how, or in 
what manner, or where they or any of them should or might have 
addressed themselves for the receiving the said order or dignity, 
and for saving themselves thereby from the said fines." 

The coronation of Charles I. was celebrated on the 2nd of 
February, 1625-6. Prior to that event the usual proclamations 
were made, and a royal warrant was issued to " our right trusty 
and well-beloved Counsellor, Sir Thomas Coventrey, Knight, Lord 
Keeper of our great Seale of England," commanding him to " make 
out writts under our great Seale of England, directed to all and 
every Sheriffe and Sheriffs within our realme of England and 
dominion of Wales," to cause proclamation to be made of the King's 
intention to be crowned, and calling upon all men within the 
jurisdiction of the said Sheriffs, having forty pounds per annum in 
lands or rent, in their own hands or to their use in the hands 
| of feoffees, and having had the same lands or rent for the space of 
< three years, to take upon themselves the order of knighthood. 

This warrant is given in extenso in Eymer's Fcedera^fol. XVIII., 
p. 278, and the form of the writ directed to the Sheriff of Bedford- 
shire is given as a precedent. But it is singular that the warrant 
purports to have been " given at our Pallace of Westminster the 
fifth day of February" three days after the coronation ; yet it an- 
nounces the coronation day as " secundo die Februarii proximo 
futuro," and makes the writs returnable " in cancellariam nostram 
citra tricessimum diem Januarii proximum futurum." There must 
therefore, be a mistake in the date of the instrument, for it is quite 
certain that the writ was in the hands of the Sheriff of Oxfordshire* 
before the fifteenth of January, inasmuch as on that day he issued 
his warrant to the Bailiff of the Hundreds of Banbury and Bloxham 
to make proclamation in his Bailiwick, " in accordance with the 
King's writ certifying his determination to be crowned." 

It cannot be doubted that these proclamations were regarded by 
the majority of those to whom they were addressed as having no 
real meaning, and nobody dreamed of demanding the honour which 
he was thus invited to obtain. 

However, a few years later the real object of the proclamations 

stood revealed. On the 29th of May, 1628, a Commission was 

issued, directed to James, Earl of Marlborough, Eichard Lord 

Weston, Sir Robert Naunton, Sir Julius Caesar, and others, to assess 

* See 5th Kept, of Hist. MSS. Com., p. 411. 



FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 



the fines of those who had made default. This was followed on 
28th January, 1629-30, by a second Commission ("pursuant to the 
statute in such case made and provided ") addressed to the Lord 
Keeper, and other great officers of State, to " treat and compound 
with all those who were willing to make fine with the King for 
their contempt in the premisses." It was not, however, till July, U 
1630, that decisive steps were taken to enforce the tines from those * 
who in consequence of their distant residence from the capital were 
beyond the reach of these Commissions. 

On the 13th of that month, a proclamation was made " for the 
ease of the subjects in making their compositions for not receiving 
the order of knighthood according to the law." It recites the grant 
of a Commission under the great Seal to sundry of the Lords and 
others of the Privy Council to " treate and compound with such of 
our loveing subjects as ly law ought to make their fynes with us 
for not makeing their appearance at the tyme and place by our 
writts appointed for receiving the order of knighthood wherein 
our Commissioners have so far proceeded that manie have com- 
pounded with them and payed their fynes." It then goes on to say 
that the King was resolved to pursue a like course with all who 
were able by law to pay the like fines, and proceeds as follows : 
" Nevertheless because manie parties of this our kingdom are soe 
remoate from our Cittie of London as the travell from thence would 
be very chargeable and troublesome, and at this tyrne dangerous, to 
draw them from their own dwellings to attend their compositions 
at our Citties of London and Westminster. In favour of our good 
and loving subjects, whome it concerneth, wee have resolved to 
send our Commissioners to the severall counties of this our realme 
to whom they may with more ease and safety repaire for their dis- 
patch ; whereof wee have thought fitt by these presents to give 
notice to all whome it may concern, hereby letting them knowe 
that if they shall neglect this our grace and not attend our Com- 
missioners in their several counties where they dwell, and with 
them make agreement on our behalfe, that wee shall leave them to 
the just proceedings of our laws, and to that end to attend our 
Commissioners at Whitehall or our Courte of Exchequer ; and if it 
shall soe fall out to be more charge or trouble unto them, they shall 
have just cause to lay the blame upon themselves, and to acknow- 
ledge our grace and favour if in tyme it had been accepted." 

In pursuance of this proclamation special commissions were 
issued to certain prominent persons in each county. The first 



/4 



10 FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 

commission relating to the county of Stafford is preserved at 
Wrottesley. It purports to have been " given under our signet at 
Bagshot, the 4th day of August, in the sixth year of our reign," and 
is addressed to Eobert, Earl of Essex, Walter Lord Aston, Sir Hugh 
Wrottesley, and Sir William Bowyer, Knights, and Eichard Weston, 
Esquire, whom it commissions to treat and compound with all those 
of the county of Stafford " who by law are to make fine unto us for 
not appearing," &c. This was followed by two other commissions, 
the one dated 12th February, 1630-1, addressed to Sir Hugh 
Wrottesley, Sir William Bowyer, Thomas Crompton, and Eichard 
Weston ; and the other dated June 29th, 1631, addressed to the 
same persons with the addition of Matthew Cradocke, Esq. 

These two last-named Commissions, together with lists of persons 
fined, and the amounts of their several fines, are preserved in the 
Public Eecord Office. I have not been able to find the original list 
of those who were amerced under the commission preserved at 
Wrottesley ; but there exists in the Public Eecord Office a large 
folio volume, purporting to contain the names and fines of all those 
who compounded, arranged in counties. From this manuscript I 
have extracted all the Staffordshire names which do not appear 
in the other lists, and there is no doubt, from the position they 
occupy, that they are those who compounded under the first 
commission. 



INSTRUCCONS TO BEE OBSERVED IN THE EXECUCON OF THE 
COMISSION TOUCHINGE KNIGHTHOOD. 

First. Uppon receipt of this our c5mission yee are to meete to- 
gether and by yo'r joynt consents to advise and resolve of the fittest 
tymes and places and meanes for the executing of this our comission 
with the most expedicdn and best advantage of our service. 

2. The times of yo'r further meetings you shall use yo'r best 
endeavors by yo'rselves and by others to informe yo'rselves of all 
the p'sons who by the lawe, and by the tenor of this our comission, 
ought to make gree with us for there fines in this case, and of there 
estate, lyinge as well within that countie as in any other countie of 
this realme, which have not alreadie beene retorned or compounded 
with us. 

3. To that end you shall send for the Under-Sheriffe, Eschetor, 
and Feodarie of the couutie ; for the High Constables, BaylifFes, 



FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 11 

pettie Constables, and such other as in yo'r judgm't you thinke 
fittest, to give you there informacon herein ; all whiche, or as many 
as yee shall send for, wee comafid and charge to attend you accord- 
inglie, and give you there best assistance for this o'r service. 

4. That besides theise informacons you shall instruct yo'rselves 
by the viewe of the subsidie roll, and the booke of the freeholders 
of the countie, the muster rolls, and the booke for the collection for 
the poore in the sev'all p'ishes ; all w'ch we cdmaund to bee brought 
and shewed unto you. 

5. In making yo'r composicons w'th any, yee shall not accept of 
any sume under tenn pounds, and yee shall raise it to a greater 
proporcon accordinge to the ability of the p'tye compounding, 
wherein we directe you in the gen'all that hee who is sett at three 
pounds or under in lands may be continued at the rate of tenn 
pounds, unlesse yee shall see cause to enlarge that some. But 
where the rate in the subsidie book is above three pounds in landes 
then the proporcon to bee att three and a halfe at the leaste ; and 
where the rate in the subsidie booke is at three poundes in goods 
then the proporcon to bee a third p't lesse then those who are sett 
at lands ; and for the inlarginge of these rates and proporcons we 
leave it to yo'r good discrecons, havinge respect to the entire 
estates of the p'tye in lands or goodes or otherwise w'ch may en- 
large his ability. 

6. In makeing these composicons yee shall have respect to the 
yssues already retorned uppon the p'tye compoundeinge, for yo'r 
informacon wherein the Sheriffe shall attend you with a scedule of 
those yssues ; and ye shall let them knowe whom it concerns that 
there is great reason thus to enlarge the rates uppon the composi- 
cons, for that much money is due allreadie to us by those yssues 
and much p'judice growen unto us by their delaye to make their 
composicons, and that the rates required of the abler men falleth 
out to bee much easyer then to those of meaner quality. 

7. With any of those who are in the Comission of the Peace yee 
shall make no composicon under the some of twentie-five pounds, 
it beinge to bee p'sumed that they are all of good estates answere- 
able thereto, although they bee otherwise under the value aforesaid ; 
and you shall sett their rates att more, if att the rates in the 
subsidie booke it shall amount to more, according to our direccon 
aforesaid. 

8. For yo'r better direccon w'th whome yee are to deale in this 
case you are to take knowledge that all Barronetts who were not 



12 FINES FOE KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 

knighted at our coronacon or before, all Knights who have receaved 
that order since that tyme, all who have lands or rents to fortie 
pounds yearely value, although held in soccage, or though held of 
comon p'sons, or of us by a meane terme, all whoe have but an 
estate of freehold for life only, are lyable to this fyne, his Ma'tie 
reservinge to himselfe the composicon w'th all the nobility that are 
lyeable to the same. 

9. If any shall refuse or neglect to come before you, or when 
they come to make gree with you on our behalf e, you shall certifie 
their names and places of habitacon. 

10. If any shall alleadge they have alreadie compounded and 
paid, and shall shew their tallie or constat, they are to bee dis- 
charged ; or if they shall alleadge they are not yet retorned by the 
Sheriffe, or shall make any other excuse, or give any reason for 
their discharge or refusall, you are to certifie the same, p'ticulerlie 
with the names of the p'ties and their sev'all allegacons, to the 
Lords our Comissioners residinge here, that uppon consideracon had 
thereof, such further courses may bee taken concerninge them as 
shalbee agreable to the lawe, and best for our service. 

11. When any doe compound with you you shall either receive 
those monies in hand or appoynt them a short day when to pay the 
same, which shalbee within tenn dayes after, to bee paid to such of 
you as wee shall appoynt to bee o'r collecor ; and yee shall make a 
certificate there of all soe p'ticulerlie to o'r Lord Trea'r, or to o'r 
Court of Excheq'r, under yo'r hands, or under the hands of two of 
you att the least, neither of you being o'r collcor, and the acquitt- 
ances of our collcor testifyinge, the receipt thereof shalbee their 
discharges who pay the same. 

12. The monyes being received, the collcor is to send the same 
unto our receipt within tenn dayes after it is received for the 
counties neerehand ; for the north and more remote counties within 
thirtie dayes, to bee paid to the hands of Edward Game, Esquire, 
one of our tellers there. 

13. You shall certifie us or the Lords of our Councell, or o'r 
Lord Trea'r from time to time of your proceedings as often as yee 
have cause and oppertunitye, but the comission it selfe to bee re- 
torned as it is hereby directed. 

And yee shall let them knowe who appeare before you that wee 
have renewed this our comission out of our grace and favour for 
the ease of o'r subjects whom it concerneth ; p'suminge that after 
soe solemne a resolucon for our right herein as this hath received 



FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 



13 



in our Court of Excheq'r the last tenne, every man will readily 
conforme himself thereto. But those who neglecte the same must 
expect the due p'ceedinges of the la we against them to their further 
trouble. 

(Signed) Jo. WEST. 



To THE EIGHT HO'BLE EICHARD LORD WESTON, 
LORD TREASURER OF ENGLAND ; S'R FRAUNCIS 
COTTINGTON, KNT., CHANCELLOR OF HIS MA'TIES 
STAFF. COURT OF EXCHEQUER ; S'R HUMFREY DAVENPORT, 

KNIGHT, LORD CHEIFE BARON OF THE SAID 
COURT; AND TO THE REST OF THE BARRONS 
THERE. 

May it please yo'r Lo'pps : 

By vertue of his Ma'ties Comission, and the Instrucons there- 
unto annexed, and whereunto these P'sents are affixed, we have 
made composicon for the Order of Knighthood and for issues lost 
w'th the p'ties hereafter named ; who for those causes have a*greed 
to pay, and have paid to the Right Ho'ble Walter Lord Aston, his 
Ma'ties Collector, the sev'rall sumes of money hereafter menco'ed ; 
that is to say : 



Alexander Wightwick, of Wightwick, Gent. 
William Jolly, of Leeke, Gent. 
Edward Mainewaring, of Whitmore, Esq. 
John Huntbatch, de Sewall, Gent. 
Thomas Browne, of Shredicote, Esq. 
Matthew Craddock, of Careswall, Esq. . 
John Astley, of Bushbury, Gent. 
John Brandreth, of Weeford, Gent 
John Heath, of Weeford, Yeoman 
William Bendy, of King's Swinford, Gent. 
Roger Stanley, of Handsworth, Gent. . 
Raph Adderley, of Blackhaugh, Gent. . 
Thomas Adshed, of Millwich, Gent. 
John Weston, of Madeley, Gent. . 
Nicholas Deykin, of Chorley, Gent. 
Mathew Moreton, of Engleton, Esq. 
John Turton, of Westbromwich, Gent. . 
Thomas Rudyard, of Rudyard, Esq. 






8. 


d. 


10 








12 








25 








10 








50 








25 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








12 








12 








12 








12 








17 


10 





12 








10 









14 FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 

s. d. 

John Hulme, of Newe Grandge, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Dolman, of Seysdon, Gent. . . . 10 

William Coleclough, de Burslam, Gent. . . 10 

Henry Cookes, of Hands worth, Gent. . . . 12 

Thomas Higgenbotham, of Eushton, Gent. . . 10 

Thomas Bamford, of Chedle, Gent. . . . 10 

Eobert Whitehal, of Sharp Cliffe, Gent, . . 10 

Ealph Bagnall, of Grendon, Gent. . . . 10 

Edward Grove, of "Westbromwich, Gent. . . 10 

Eichard Brough, of Winyates, Gent. . . . 10 

John Chetwood, of Okeley, Esq 12 

Thomas Mosely, of Bilston, Esq 12 

Henry Watson, of Burton Extra, Gent. '. . 10 

Eobert Challinor, of Tittensor, Gent. . f . 10 

John Parshouse, of Eaynalds Hall, Gent. . . 10 

George Hawe, of Caldmore, Gent. . . . 14 

John Braddock, of Adbaston, Esq. . . . 12 

John Murrall, of Bagnall, Gent 10 

Eichard Bull, of Pipe, ijrent. . . . -. . 10 

John Wedgwood, of Haracles, Esq. . . . 17 10 

John Bentley, of Ashes, Gent 10 

Thomas Yonge, of Charne, Esq. . . . . 12 

Eichard Middleton, of Uttoxeter, Gent. . . 10 

William Hart, of Uttoxeter, Gent. . . . 10 

Eaph Browne, of Carswall, Gent. . . . . 10 

William Sherratt, of Painsley Hill, Gent. . . 10 

Thomas Clempson, of Bobington, Gent. . . 10 

William Stevenson, of Fulford, Gent. . . 10 

Ealph Bayley, of Normicote, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Browne, of Foale, Gent 10 

William Scott, Thelder, of Great Barr, Gent. . 10 

Thomas Jodrell, of Leeke, Gent 10 

Edward Hall, of Sedgeley, Gent 10 

John Holt, of Madeley, Gent. . ., . 10 

Edward Short, of Ashley, Gent 10 

Henry Worsey, of Eushall, Gent 1000 

William Bayley, of Darlaston, Gent. ... . 12 

Thomas Buck, of Over Pen, Gent. . . . 10 

John Browne, of Great Fenton, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Eawlins, of Little Fenton, Gent. . . 10 

Anthony Beech, of Chell, Gent 10 



FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 






15 







8. 


a. 


Edward Mosele} 7 , of Whittington, Gent. 


10 








John Sparry, of Clent, Gent. .... 


10 


o 





Kichard Brinley, of Whiston Eaves, Gent. . 


10 








Jarvis Sleigh, of Waterhouses, Gent. . i 


12 








Thomas Broade, of Little Fenton, Gent. 


10 








Thomas Hicken, of Dunstan, Gent. 


10 








Kichard Pyott, of Boothes, Gent 


10 








William Bowyer, of Broad Heath, Gent. 


10 








Eoger Eyley, of Boodley, Gent 


12 








Henry Berisfford, of Eushton .James, Gent. . 


10 








Edmond Brough, of Brownesford, Gent. 


10 








William Hulme, of Hilly Lees, Gent. . 


10 








Edward Liddiatt, of Himley. Gent. 


10 








Eobert Butterton, of Butterton, Gent. . . 


10 








Thomas Bradley, of Sedgley, Gent. 


10 








John Wolaston, of Walsall, Gent. 


14 








George Colclough, of Blurton, Gent. 


10 








Eichard Edge, of Horton, Gent 


10 








Edward Dudley, of Tipton, Gent. . . 


14 








John Paston, of Kingswinford, Gent. . 


10 








Thomas Birch, of Horborne, Gent. 


10 








William Finney, of Fynnelane, Gent. . ... 


10 








Eoger Deane, of Worston, Gent 


10 








William Bourne, of Ewe Tree, Gent. . 


10 








Thomas Sergeant, of Badnald, Gent. 


10 








Eichard Drakeford, of Stafford, Gent. . 


10 








William Cuntcliffe, de Leeke Frith, Gent. 


10 








Thomas Endon, de Eudyard, Gent. 


10 








William Clowes, de Heaton, Gent. 


10 








Francis Creswell, de Hardwick, Gent. . 


10 








Thomas Sheldon, de Crockhall, Gent. . 


10 








Eobert Launder, of Hardwick, Gent. 


10 








Peter Giffard, of Blackladies, Esq. 


12 








Humfrey Warner, of Newton, Gent. 


10 








Thomas Anson, of Acton, late of Tettenhall . 


10 








William Walton, of Okeley, Gent. 


10 








Humfrey Arden, of Longcrofte, Esq. 


10 








Henry Stone, of Walsall, Gent 


14 








Thomas Mawlkin, of Longsdon, Gent. . 


10 








Thomas Fowke, of Breewood, Esq. 


12 








Thomas Lane, of Bentley, Esq 


17 


10 









16 FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 

s. d. 

Thomas Eaton, of Dilhorne, Gent. . . . 10 

Robert Parker, of Cars well, Gent. . . . 10 

Mathew Lownes, of Leek Frith, Gent. . . . 10 

Francis Allen, of Newbrough, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Alcock, of Dreycott-in-the-Cley, Gent. . 10 

Humfrey Aspley, of Coppenhall, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Mempas, of Tresle, Gent 10 

Richard Jevon, of Sedgley, Gent 10 

Richard Barnfield, of Wolv'hampton, Gent. . . 10 

Richard Knightley, of Broughall/Esq. . . . 12 

William Davenport, of Tetesworth House, Gent. . 10 

William Scott, jun'r, of Aldrich, Gent. . . . 10 

William Barnsley,- of Tresle, Gent. . -. . 10 

William Norman, of Cares well, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Lovatt, of -Audley, Gent. . . . . 10 

Thomas Haden, of Rowley, Gent. . . . ' . 10 

Edward Gravener,-of Envile, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Thommins, of Morfe, Gent, . ' . 10 

John Russell; of Rowley, Gent. . . . . 10 

Walter Pipe, -of Bilston, Gent. . . . . . 10 

Walter Grosvenor, of Tettenhall, Gent. '. . 10 

Gervis Hall, of Wolv'hampton, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Goodfellow, of Rushton Spencer, Gent. . 10 

Richard Hawkes, of Newton, Gent. . . . 10 

Hugh Pratt, of Bubbington, Gent. . 10 

Francis Dorrington, of Stafford, Gent. . . . 10 

Charles Stamford, of Handsworth, Esq. . . 20 

Edward Smyth, of Waterfall, Gent. . . 10 

Edward Wood, of Codsall, Gent. . . 10 

Edmond Sawyer, of Knighton, Gent. . . . 10 

Francis Kinnersley, of Loxley, Esq. . . . 20 

Francis Som'ford, of Som'ford, Esq. . . . 10 

Francis Woodhouse, of Woodhousen, Gent. . . 10 

Francis Collyer, of Stone, Esq 1200 

Henry Goreinge, of Kingston, Gent. . . . 10 

Humfrey Gemme, of Whittington, Gent. . .1000 

Henry Willis of Handsworth, Gent. . . 10 

Henry Wood, of Canock, Gent. . . . . 10 

Henry Partridge, of Bromley Parke, Gent. . . 10 

Humfrey Jorden, of Dunsley, Gent. . . . 10 

Henry Bourne, of Chesterton, Gent. , . . 10 



FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 

Humfrey Baker, of Bishton, Gent. 
Hersey Wolfreston, of Statfold, Gent. . 
Hugh Fourd, of Fourdgreene, Gent. 
John Baddeley, of Ellerton Grandge, Gent. . 
John Smyth, of Womborne, Gent. 
John Bennett, of Kingswinford, Gent. . 
John Fernihough, of Tetesworth, Gent. 
John Hodgetts, of Kingswinford, Gent . 

John Hollyns, of Moseley, Gent 

John Johnson, of Fourd, Gent 

John Jorden, junior, of Aldrich, Gent. . 

John Jorden, senior, of the same .... 

John Scott, senior, of Great Barr, Gent. 

John Eode, of Bradshaw, Gent. . . 

James Warner, of Fosbrooke, Gent. 

John Birch, of Gorsticote, Gent 

John Birch, of Shelfeild, Gent 

John Buckley, of Stoneylowe, Gent. . 
John Bradeley, of Nether Penn, Gent. . 
John Howlett, of Bubbington, Gent. 
John Chippingdale, of Burton, Esq. 

Luke Busby, of Uttoxeter, Gent 

Peter Macclesfeild, of Meare, Esq. 
Phillip Jackson, of Stansop, Gent. 
Eobert Whitgreave, de Kule, Esq. 

Robert Chunall, of Cowley, Gent 

Eichard Smyth, of Lee, Gent. .... 
Eichard Chapman, of Trescott Grange, Gent. 

Eaph Baylie, of Bradnap, Gent 

Eaph Mountford, of Essinge, Gent. 
Eaph Gardiner, of Eushton, Gent. 
Sampson Finney, of Chaldon, Gent. 
Thomas Chreswell, of Wolv'hampton, Gent. . 
Thomas Coyney, of Weston Coyney, Gent. . 

Thomas Allott, of Sugnell, Gent 

Thomas Smyth, of Cowhey, Gent. 

Thomas Hunt, of Longton, Gent 

Thomas Harrison, of Haslewall, Gent. . 

Thomas Homersley, of Hom'sley House, in 

Cheddleton, Gent 

Thomas Bramhall, of Ov'ton, Gent. 
Y 



17 






8. 


d. 


10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








22 








10 








10 








10 








17 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 


' 





10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 









18 FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 

s. d. 

William Normansell, of Wolv'hampton, Gent. . 10 

William Launder, of Ridgley, Gent. . . . 10 

William Bagnald, of Berrihill, Gent. . . . 10 

Walter Coleman, of Canock, Gent. . . . 12 

William Homersley, of Botham, Gent. . . . 10 

Edward Wescott, of Handsaker, Gent. . . . 10 

John Skrymsher, of Orslow, Gent. . . . 10 

Eowland Menlowe, of Kingston, Gent. . . . 10 

William Brooke, of Haslor, Esq 20 

Eoger Sheldon, of Chaldon, Gent 10 

Michaell Biddulph, of Elmhurst, Gent. . . 10 
Edward Bay lie, of Great Bloxwich, Gent. . .1000 

William Tixall, of Lees Hill, Gent. . . . 10 

William Anson, of Shugbrough, Esq. . . . 10 

John Lougher, of Perton, Esq 12 

William Gibbons, of Sedgley, Gent. . . . 10 

Eobert Port, of Ham, Esq. . . . . . 10 

Roger Harvey, of Whittington . . . . 10 

Robert Orme, of Whittington, Gent. . . . 10 

John Eardley, of Eardley, Esq 10 

Lewis Chadwick, of Mavison Ridware, Gent. . 10 

(Signed) HUGH WROTTESLEY, W. BOWYER. THO. CROMPTON, 
Ric. WESTON. 



THE PERSONS HEREAFTER NAMED BEING CALLED TO MAKE 
THEIR COMPOSITIONS FOR KNIGHTHOOD AND ISSUES LOST, HAVE 
MADE THESE ANSWERES FOLLOWING : 

WILLIAM ANSON, of Shugborow, Esq., saith that he is willing to 
pay after the rate of three pounds in the subsidy booke, but he is 
unwilling to pay more, for that he was but three pounds in the 
subsidy booke formerly. 

JOHN UNWIN, of the Olough, Gent., saith that he hath compounded 
with the Lords above. 

THOMAS GOODFELLOW, of Rush ton, Gent., hath put in his answers 
in writing in these words, viz't, that he had new (sic) freehold lands 
above the yearely value of eighteene pounds together w'th the rent, 
and his mother enjoyes the third^p't thereof untill w't'hin the space 
of fower yeares last for p't of her joynture ; and that the rest of his 
lands was leased out on or about seaventeenth or eighteenth yeare 



FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 19 

of the raigne of King James, of England, &c., w'ch leases are yet in 
being. 

The answer of WILLIAM TURTON, of Westbromwich, put in in 
writing in these words, viz't., that he at the time of his Ma'ties corona- 
tion was possessed of no lands at all in fee simple, fee tayle, or for 
terms of life, nor sithence to this present day hath had any above .the 
value of twenty pounds p' ann' ; that his father is living, and that 
estate he hath is in rev'con after his father ; and that he is mistaken 
in the Sheriffes returnes. But he further saith that at the time of 
his Ma'ties coronacon there was one William Turton, thelder, who 
dyed some three yeares sithence, and was seised of some forty 
pounds p' ann', and standeth still in the Sheriffes booke and re- 
turned by the name of William Turton, thelder, of Westbromwitch, 
and his heire doth live at Birmingham in Warwickshire, and is 
returned upo' this comission for Shropshire ; and he saith there is 
no William Turton in Westbromwich but William the sone of 
Thomas, and he hath not above the yearly value of twenty pound, 
but what he doth take upon the rack rent. 

THOMAS LARGE, of Kingsley, but dwelling at Camberwell, in the 
County of Surrey, by Eichard Stansby, of the p'ish of Kingsley, saith 
that he, the said Tho. Large, hath compounded in the County of 
Surrey. 

EANDLE ASHENHURST, of Ashenhurst, Esq., saith that he hath com- 
pounded in Darbyshire, and hath there paid five and twenty pounds 
for his composition. 

The answere of JOHN BRETTLE, of the p'ish of Kingswinford,Gent. : 
He saith that at the time of his Ma'ties coronacon, nor by the space 
of three yeares next before, he hath not any estate of inheritance 
or freehold of any lands w'thin the realme of England, nor any 
other his Ma'ties dominions of the yearely value of twenty pounds. 
And further saith that he is farr endebted, and hath a wife and 
many small children w'ch live at his charge ; and, therefore, 
humbly prayeth that he may be admitted to plead the same in his 
Ma'ties Court of Exchequer for his discharge. 

(Signed) HUGH WROTTESLEY, W. BOWYER, THO. CROMPTON, 
Eic. WESTON. 



20 FINES FOE KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 

To THE EIGHT HO'BLE LORD WESTON, LORD 
TREASURER OF ENGLAND ; FRAUNCIS LORD 
COTTINGTON, CHAUNCELLO' AND UNDER TRE'R 
STAFF. OF HIS MA'TIES COURT OF EXCHEQUER ; S'R 
HUMFREY DAVENPORT, KNIGHT, LORD CHEIFE 
BARON; AND TO THE REST OF THE BARONS 
OF THE SAID COURT. 

May it please yo'r Lo'pps : 

By vertue of his Ma'ties c5mission and instruccons thereunto 
annexed, we have compounded w'th the p'sons in this schedule 
named for their not taking the Order of Knighthood, and for issues 
by them lost, for the sumes of money hereafter menconed ; w'ch 
sumes of money they have paid accordingly to the Eight Ho'ble 
Walter Lord Aston, whom his Ma'tie by his Ires appointed collector 
for the same, viz't : 

s. d. 

Henry Cocke, of Hawkesyard, Gent. . . . 10 

George Birch, of Wolv'hampton, Gent. . . . 10 

Eichard Parkes, of Smith wick, Gent. . . . 10 

William Stonyer, of Biddulph, Oent. . . . 10 

John Baddeley, of Holditch, Gent. . . . 10 
John Porter, of Stallington Grandge, Gent. . .1000 

John Eowley, of Eidgway, Gent 10 

Eichard Hill, of Bilbrooke, Gent 10 

Eandle Vernon, of Audley, Gent 10 

Michael Noble, of the close of the Cathedrall 

Church of Litchfeild, Gent 1000 

Thomas Bate, of Kinvar, Gent 10 

Nicholas Moseley, of Meare, Gent. . . . 10 

Eichard Swynfen, of Swinfen, Gent. . . . 10 

Eichard Bourne, of Chell, Gent 10 

Thomas Smyth, of Hanley, Gent. . . . . 10 

John Burne, of the Cytie of Lichfeild, Gent. . . 10 

William Wade, of Ediall, Gent 1000 

(Signed) HUGH WROTTESLEY, WILL'M BOWYER, THO. CROMPTON, 
MAT. CRADOCKE, Eic. WESTON. 



FINES FOR KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHARLES I. 21 

FURTHER LIST OF STAFFORDSHIRE COMPOUNDERS ; EXTRACTED 
FROM THE "BOOK OF COMPOSITIONS" IN THE EECORD OFFICE. 

s. d. 

Sir John Peshall, Barronett 50 

*Sir Edward Sebright, of Prestwood, Knt. and Bar't 30 

Sir Eobert Woolsley, of Woolsley, Baron't . . 25 

Walter Gifford, of Chillington, Esq. . . . 30 

Tnomas Broughton, of Broughton, Esq. . . 10 

Thomas Astley, of Patsley, Esq 20 

Walter Fowler, of Penford, Esq 10 

Jonas Grosvenor, of Bushberry, Esq. . . . 10 

John Brooke, of Blakland, Esq 10 

John Wharwood, of Dunsley, Esq. . . . 20 

Ptichard Ealde, of Seighford, Esq. . . . . 10 

Eaph Thicknis, of Barterley, Esq. . . . 12 10 

Andrew Vize, of Staundon, Esq 10 

William Feme, of Crakemarsh, Gent. . . . 10 

Nicholas Hurt, of Castorne, Gent. . . . 10 

John Fowke, of Gunston, Esq 12 10 

John Leigh, of the p'ish of En vile, Gent. . .1000 

John Dickins, of Leghton, Gent 10 

Henry Gough, of Woolverhampton, Gent. . .1000 

Francis Harcourt, of Eonton, Esq. . . . 10 

John Berrrington, of Eowley, neere Stafford, Esq. 10 
William Cotton, of Crakemarsh, Esq. . . .1000 

John Cotes, of the p'ish of Kingston, Gent. . . 10 

Eaphe Flyer, of Hints, Esq 15 

Eichard Pyott, of Streety, Gent 12 10 

John Wells, of Whorecross, Esq 10 

Edward Williams, of Handberrye, Esq. . . .1000 

William Stamford, of Perry Barr, Esq. . . . 20 

Eichard Adderley, of Coton, Esq 12 10 

William Hunt, of Smethwick, Gent. . . . 10 

Eichard Biddulph, of Biddulph, Esq. . . . 16 13 4 

Michael Lowe, of Pipe Eidwarr, Gent. .' . . 10 

Walter Brooke, of Lapley, Esq 20 

Thomas Cowp', of Pipe Eidwarr, Gent. . . 10 

Symon Biddulphe, Es.q 10 



* He was knighted since the coronation, viz., on 30th April, 1627, at Whitehall. 
See lists of knights made by Charles I., in Harl. MS., 983. 



22 FINES FOfc KNIGHTHOOD temp. CHAKLES I. 

s. d. 

Eichard Dyott, Esq. .' 10 

Samson Boughey, of Colton, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Chetwind, of Eidgley, Gent. . . . 10 

Thomas Spratt, of Ashenbrocke, Gent. . . . 10 

William Aston, of ParkhaU, Gent. . . . 10 

Sir Ktarvy Baghott, of Feilde, Baronett . . 25 

Henry Covenye, of Croxton Abbey, Gent. . . 10 



A COPPY OF THE ARMES 



TAKEN IN THE VISITATION OF Y* 



COUNTY OF STAFFORD, MADE 



IN ANNO 1663 ET 1664, 



BY 



WILLIAM DUGDALE, ESQ R - KORROY K. OF ARMES. 



Transcribed from the Landsdowne Manuscript, fio. 857, in 
the British Museum, and annotated by 



HENRY SYDNEY GKAZEBROOK. 



PKEFACE. 



On 30th March, 1663, (writes Dugdale in his Diary*} "I went 
vo Litchfield upon my Visitation of Staffordshire." 

He was accompanied by Elias Ashmole, the future husband of 
his daughter Elizabeth, and by his " little clerk," Gregory King 
(then only in his fifteenth year), who tricked the arms in this 
and other of Sir William's Visitations. Dugdale remained at 
Lichfield till 1st April, when he paid a visit to Sir E. Bagot at 
Blithfield, and on the following day he sat at Cheadle. 

On the 3rd he was at Stafford, and on the evening of the 4th he 
proceeded to Ingestre on a visit to Mr. Chetwynd, where he spent 
a day, returning to Stafford on the sixth. Next day he was at 
Stone ; on the 8th he visited Mr. Noelf at Hilcote, and on the 
9th he was the guest of Sir Walter Wrottesley, at Wrottesley. On 
the 10th he held his court at Wolverhampton, and on the follow- 
ing day he dined with Sir John Wyrley at Hampstead, returning 
home to Blythe Hall the same evening. 

On the 3rd of August he attended the Assizes at Stafford, and 
shortly afterwards commenced his Visitation of Shropshire. 

On 21st September, we find him at Weston, the guest of Sir 
Thomas Wilbraham ; and on the 23rd he made a passing call on 
Mr. Giffard at Chillington on his way to Patshull, the seat of Sir 
"Richard Astley, where he remained until the 25th. 

In the spring of the following year (1664) he continued his 
Staffordshire Visitation. He sat at Lichfield, for the Hundreds of 
Offlow and Seisdon, on April 25th ; at Stafford, for Pirehill and 
Cuddleston Hundreds, on the 27th ; and at Cheadle, for Totmonslow 
Hundred, on the 29th. Finally, on 31st May, 1666, he delivered 
his Visitation into the Office of Arms " fairely bound in russet 
Lether with Claspes." 

There the volume still remains, in the official custody of Garter 
King of Arms and his colleagues. 

No entire copy of this Visitation is believed to exist in the 
British Museum or any other library. There is, however, a quarto 
volume in the Harleian collection (No. 6104) which purports to 
contain " The Visitation of Staffordshire, taken in the year of our 

* Life, Diary, and Correspondence of Sir William Dugdale, by William Hamper, 
4to., 1827. 

t It is rather remarkable that neither Chetwynd nor Noel entered their descents at 
this Visitation. Other families " conspicuous by their absence," are Lane, Okeover, 
Littleton, Paget, &c. 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 25 

Lord 1663, by Win. Dugdale, Esq., Norroy King of Arms ; 
reviewed in 1664." But this manuscript is certainly not what it 
pretends to be, viz., " The " Visitation. The pedigrees are lineal 
only, without collaterals or younger sons ; and the names of the 
wives of the various personages named in the descents are very 
frequently omitted.* It contains a few pedigrees which do not 
appear to be in the original, viz., Ashmole,^ of Lichfield, Astley, \ of 
Wood-Eaton, Smith, of Newcastle-under-Lyme, and Tardley ; 1T 
but on the other hand there are at least sixty pedigrees omitted. 

In the absence, then, of the complete Visitation, the following 
exact transcript of Dugdale's " coppy of the armes " recorded by 
him must needs be of much interest. 

The manuscript from which it is transcribed is No. 857 of the |i 
Landsdowne collection in the British Museum. It is a small ' ? 
quarto of fourteen closely and hastily- written pages, and is asserted |i 
by Sir Harris Nicolas, in his Catalogue of Heralds' Visitations, 
1825, to be in Dugdale's own hand. 

The arms are in " trick," and for the most part so rudely drawn 
that in many instances I have had considerable difficulty in de- 
ciphering them ; but where any doubt existed I have been able, in 
most cases, to ascertain the correct blazon from other sources ; and 
I believe the descriptions here given will be found to be accurate. 



* The late Sir Thomas Phillipps printed privately at Middle Hill, in 1854, a 
foolscap-folio volume, entitled, "The Visitation of Staffordshire, 1663-4," but 
through purporting to be " Ex. MSS., Phillipps," it is identical with the Harl. MS. 
above named. 

t See a pedigree of Ashmole, said to be drawn by Elias Ashmole, and " taken from 
a Visitation Book of Staffordshire" in Harwood's Erdeswick (Preface, p. xlix.). 
It agrees with that in Harl. MS., 6104, but is more full. Elias Ashmole is 
there stated to have been " cet. 45 an. t 30 Martii, 1663." He bore "Quarterly or 
et sa., a [flower] de-luse in ye 1st qur. of ye 2 d ." The Crest was A greyhound 
courant sable, but Ashmole seems to have adopted for Crest a device allusive to his 
astrological pursuits, viz., On a mount vert a Mercury, with the celestial sign 
Gemini sitting at his feet. 

J This is a pedigree of nine generations, commencing with "Richard Astley, de 
Astley, in Com. Salop," and ending with Jonas Astley, who by "Ann fil. Walt. 
Fowler, de Penford," had issue a son, " Jonat. cet. 3, 1663." No Arms are given. 
These Astleys were " disclaimed " in 1583 and 1614. 

Arms, " B. 2 bars wavey erm. , on a cheife or a Lyon yssaunt sa. , a mullet dif. " 
John Smith " de Novo Casto " had issue Thomas, who married " Dorothy fil. Will. 
Yonge," and was lather of Thomas, who by " Eliz. fil. Richard Gregson," had a son 
John. See the pedigree at length in Ward's History of StoTce-upon- Trent. 

IT Christopher Yardley, by a daughter of Edward Aston, of Tixall, was father of 
Edward, whose son Christopher married "Catherine fil. Petri Minshull," and had 
issue, Christopher, " cet. 7, 1664." No Anns are given. 



A COPPY OF THE AKMES TAKEN IN THE VISITATION OF 
Y COUNTY OF STAFFORD, MADE IN ANNO 1663 ET 1664. BY 
WILLIAM DUGDALE, ESQ B -> NORROY K OF ARMES. 



1 an eagle displayed* ..... 

This Coate appeares in a Scale of Wm. Abiiet, 12 Jac. R 
Qu. the colours ? 

Tho : Abnet, of Audley, cet. 74 an., 17 Apr., 1664. 
Pirehill H., Stafford ; but no proofe in any 
booke in the Office of Armes. 

2. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Argent, on a bend azure three mascles 
of the field ; 2. Gules, three escallops in bend between two bend- 
lets vaire \Braifield\. 3. Or, three stag's heads couped sable, on 
a canton gules, a fleur-de-lis of the first [Thirkeld].^ Crest : On 
a chapeau azure, turned up argent, a " storke " close proper. 

Samuell Adderley, of Blackhaugh, cet. 22 an. 28 
Ap., 1664 : Totmonslow H., Chedle. 

3. Arms, quarterings, and crest, as No. 2. 

Ealphe Adderley, of Coton, cet. 70 an., ml circa, 
31 March, 1663. 

4. A blank shield. 

Tho. Allen, of Fulford, cet. 45 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

5. A blank shield. 

Jonah Aldrich, of Weighmore juxta Burton sup. 
Trent, cet an., July, 1664. 

6. Barry wavy of eight argent and azure, on a bend or three 
mullets gules, a crescent sable for difference. Crest : A demi lion 
rampant erminois gorged with a mural crown gules. 

* Burke ascribes to "Abnet, Staffordshire," Gules, an eagle displayed between 
three pheons argent. 

t The quarterings are named from the Visitation of Warwickshire in 1619 (Harleian 
Society's copy, p. 262). The Arms borne by the Thirkelds of Smallwood (as quartered 
by Eugeley), were Argent, a maunch gules, charged with a fleur-de-lis or. Papworth 
ascribes the above coat to Sherfield. In the Earl. MS., 1570, the Arms of " Raufe 
Adderley, of Coton, a. 1583, are given as Argent, on a bend azure three lozenges 
or, each charged with a pheon gules. 



AEMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 27 

Eichard Alport, of Egersley, in Co. Stafford, at. 
37 an., 6 Apr., 1663. * 

7. A blank shield. 

Eich. Amplet, f of Clent, in Com. Staff., cet. 34 an., 
10 Apr., 1663. 

8. A blank shield. 

Wm. Anson, of Shutborow, in the Parish of Hey- 
wood, in Co. Staff, cet. 35 an., 6 Apr., 1663. 

9. Ermine, a cross-bow in pale gules. Crest : A greyhound's 
head couped argent, collared or. " Antiently out of a coronet." 

Edw. Arblaster, of Longdon, cet. 32 an., 31 March, 
1663. 

10. Ermine, a fesse counter-componee or, and azure. Crest : 
" Upon a cap of maintenance, a boare passant or." 

Henry Arden, of Longcroft, in Com. Staff., cet. 36 
an., 31 March, 1663. Dessended fm Ambrose 
Arden, son to Simon Arden, a younger son to 
Arden, of Park Hall, in Co. Warr. 

11. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Azure, a cinquefoil ermine; 2 and 3, 
Gules, two bars or [Harcourt]. 

Sir Eichard Astley, of Patshull, in Com. Staff., 
Bart., cet. 38 an., 9 April, 1663. 

12. Argent, a fesse sable, in chief three lozenges of the last, on 
the fesse a mullet for difference. 



* This pedigree has been printed in Dr. Howard's Miscellanea Genealogica et 
Heraldica, iii., 288. At the Visitation of 1614 William Allport, of Great Wyrley,- 
and Ralph Alport, of Cannock, were returned as IgnoUles, that is, not entitled 
to arms. 

+ This Richard Amphlett bore for arms Argent a fesse between three lozenges 
azure, and for crest a dromedary proper. On the tablet of his son John (b. 10 Oct., 
1656, ob. 16 June, 1705), in Clent church, the fesse is charged with a cinquefoil or. 
In Plot's map the arms are given as above, but with a cinquefoil sable in chief. 
There is a correspondence preserved in the College of Arms between Richard 
Amphlett and one of the officials concerning these arms. It seems that they were like- 
wise borne by a family named Hastings, and Richard Amphlett was so informed, and 
that the arms would not be allowed without more formal proof. His reply was that 
he was coming up to London at Easter, and would then bring to the College 
atisfactory proof of his right to bear the coat ; but no evidence exists that this was 
ever done. It should be added that the arms are still borne by the family. 



28 



AKMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 



Edward Aston, of Milwich = 
cat. 70 an., 6 Apr., 1663. 



Walter Aston, cet. 35 an., 6 Apr., 1663. 

13. Argent, a fesse sable, in chief three lozenges of the last. 
Crest : A bull's head couped or, horns argent, tipped sable. 
Walter, IA Aston, cet. 54 an., Apr., 1663 = 



Walter Aston, son and h., act. 30 an = 

r 

Edw. Aston, act. 5 an. 

14. Argent, ten torteaux, a label azure. Crest : A demi dragon 
between two dragon's wings gules. 

Zachary Babbington, of Corborow, in Com. Staff., 
Esq., cet. 54 an., 3 Apr., 1665. Lichfield, 1665. 

15. . . .a bend . . . between six crosses crosslet* . . . 
No proof e is made of these Armes. 

J n . Baduley, of Ellerton Grange, cet. 51 an., 7 
Sept., 1664. 

16. Gules, three mullets argent within a border ermine, a canton 
or. This Canton was assigned for a distinction by W. D., Norroy. 

Leicester Barbour, of Tamworth, cet. 50 an., 30 
March, 1663. 

17. Ermine, two chevrons azure. Crest : Out of a coronet, a 
"goate's head" argent, horned or. This old Coate they [?bear] 
of Late. 

Harveus Bagot, erectus in gradum= 
Baronetti, 30 May, 2 Caroli. 



Edw. Bagot, natus = 
March A<>., 16 .. 



Harveus Bagot, natus 
16 June, 1617. 



Walterus, natus 27 March, 1644 ? 

Below is a trick of the following, and opposite it " Bagot, of 
Blythfield " : Quarterly, 1 and 4, Argent, a chevron gules between 

* Papworth ascribes this coat, with the field azure and the charges or, to ' ' Beduley, 
Staffordshire." 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 29 

three martlets sable ; 2 and 3, Per pale dancette'e sable and argent, 
[Blytlifidd}. 

IS. Azure, in dexter chief the moon decrescent argent, in sinister 
chief the sun in splendour or, and in base a mullet of the last. 
George Bague, of Brettell, in the Parish of Swin- 
ford Eegis, out. 39 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 

19. Gules, three mullets argent within a border ermine. 

Jn. Barbour,* of Flashbrooke, Esq., cet. 33 an., 27 
Apr., 1664 

20. Or, on a bend gules three mullets argent, in sinister chief 
an annulet sable. No proofe made. 

Thomas Barnfield, of Dunston and Wolverhampton, 
cet. 39 an., 6 Apr., 1663. 

21. Sable, a cross between four roses argent, a mullet for 
difference. Crest : A man's head couped at the breast front-faced 
proper, charged with a mullet for difference. 

"WX Barnsley, of Trysull, otf . 44 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 
Proved by the subscript, of Sr. "Wm. Dethick, 
Garter, Cambden, Clarencieux, Segar, Norroy. 

22. Sable, seme'e de crosses crosslet argent, a cinquefoil or. The 
proofe of this Coate was respited, but he could make none. 

"Richard Best, of Perry Hall, in Com. Staff., cet. 50 
an., ml circa, 30 March, 1664. 

23. Vert, an eagle displayed argent. Crest : " A wolfe " 
rampant argent. 

Francis Biddulph, of Biddulph, Esq., cct. 44 an., 7 
Apr., 1663. 

24. Quarterly, 1 and 4, as No. 23, with a canton argent ; 2 and 
3, Argent, a chevron rompu between three crosses crosslet fitche'e 
sable [G-reneway]. 

Michaell Biddulph, of Elmhurst, .act. 52 an., 31 
March, 1663. 

25.f . . . three fleurs-de-lis . . . Crest : A fleur-de-lis entwined 
by a serpent. No proofe made. 

* Edward Barbour, of " Flotesbrook," was disclaimed at the Visitation of 1583. 
t The Lancashire family of Birch bore Azure, three fleurs-de-lis argent. Crest : A 
fleur-de-lis argent, entwined by a serpent proper. 



30 ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 



W m . Birch came out of Lancashire,= 
as it is said ; but no profe. 



John, of Bloxwich, cet. 59 an.=p 

E<K Birch, of Leacroft, cet. 29 an., 30 March, 1663. 

26. Argent, on a canton sable a lion's gamb erased or. Crest : A 
lion's gamb erased sable. See in the Visit of Darbyshire 

Tho. Bothby, of Tooley Parke, in Co. Leic., now 
residing ' at Delphe House in Co. Staff., cet. 21 
an., 31 March, 1663. 

27. A blank shield. 

Peter Bonne, of Burton sup. Trent, in Co. Staff., 
cet. 4 an., . . . July, 1664. His fath. is Guido 
Bonne, of Barnham, in Co. Norf. 

28. In a lozenge ; Quarterly, 1 and 4, Ermine, three bows in 
fesse gules ; 2 and 3, Argent, on a chevron sable three escallops or. 

George Bowes, of Elford, Esq., db. an- 1656. =j= 



Mary, now living, cet. 9 an., 1663. 

29. Argent, a lion rampant between three crosses crosslet fitche'e 
gules. Crest : Out of a tower gules, a demi dragon issuant argent. 

Bowyer, of Knipersley. 

30. Sable, a cross of mascles or. Crest : A " lamb " argent. 

Jn- Brandreth, of Shenston, cet. 26 an., 30 March, 
1663. The Cote and Crest were granted 10 
Nov. 1625, 1 Caroli 

31. Quarterly, 1, Argent, two bars sable, a crescent for difference ; 
2, Argent, a chevron between three crescents gules ; 3, Or, a raven 
sable ; 4, ... an eagle displayed . . . 

1. William Brereton, of Swinnerton, cet. 67 an., 7 
Apr., 1663. 2. Ipstones. 3. Corbet. 4. 
Alkington* 



* Alkington, of Co. Salop, bears Quarterly or and gules, an eagle displayed 
counterchanged. 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 31 

32. Argent, on a chevron azure three bezants. Crest : A lion's 
gamb erect and erased argent, grasping a dragon's head erased 
vert. 

Edward Bret, of Dimsdale, in the parish of Wol- 
stanton, cet. 18 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

33. Argent, a cross engrailed per pale sable and gules, in the 
first quarter an annulet of the last. 

Win. Brooke, of Haseler, cet. 60 an., 31 Mar., 1663. 

34. A blank shield. 

Edward Brooke, of Blakeland, cet. 37 an., 10 Apr., . 
1663. 

35. Argent, two bars gules, a canton of the last charged with a 
cross of the first, a trefoil azure, for difference. 

* Jn. Broughton, of Whittington, cet. 40 an., 28 Apr., 
1664. This trefoyl azure was now ass : and given 
for a difference. 

36. The same arms, without the trefoil. 

S r . Bryan Broughton, of Broughton, KX and B f ., cct. 
43 an., 31 March, 1663. 

37. Gules, a chevron between three " brockes " argent. 

Edward Broughton, of Longdon, Esq r ., cet. 54 an., 
25 Apr., 1664. 

38. Quarterly, t 1, Argent, a chevron gules between three 
morions azure [JBrudenell]. 2. Ermine, on a chevron gules three 
escallops argent [Attc Grove]. 3. Gyronny of eight or and sable, 
\Raari\. 4. Azure, a bend cottised between six crosses cfosslet 
ntche"e or [JBlaket]. 5. Sable, a buck's head cabossed argent, attired 
or, between the attires a cross patte"e fi tehee of the last, in the mouth 
an arrow bar- ways azure barbed of the second [Uulstrode]. 6. Paly 
of six argent and azure, on a chief sable two swords in saltire of 
the first hilted and pomelled or [Knife]. 7. Sable, three fusils in 
fesse argent [Thorne]. 8. Argent, on a bend engrailed sable three 



* John Broughton of " Whatington " was a disclaimer in 1583. 

t The tinctures are not given in the MS. , nor are the quarterings named. The 
requisite information is here supplied from the Visitation of Leicestershire, taken in 
1619, published by the Harleian Society. 



32 ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 

mullets of the field [Entiuisle]. Crests : 1st,* A hand holding . . . 
2nd, " A sea horse." 

Tho. Brudenell, of Whittington, in Co. Staff., Eso/., 
cet. 50 an., 25 Apr., 1664. 

39. Sable, two chevrons between three bull's heads cabossed 
argent. Ex Sigillo 3 and 4 Ph. et Mariae. 

JX Bulkley, of Stanlow, cut. 80 an., 29 Apr., 1664= 



Tho. Bulkley, cet. 43 an., 29 Apr., 1664. 

40. Argent, a cross flory between four martlets gules, on a 
canton azure a mullet or 

Anth. Byrd, of Field, cet. 61 an., 28 Apr., 1664=p 



Edw. Byrd, cet 25 an., 28 Apr., 1664. 

41. Azure, a cross patte'e fitchee within an orle of eight estoiles 
or. Crest : A cock's head . . . between two wings . . . , in the 
beak a cross patte'e fitche'e. . . . 

William Cald wall, of Eolleston, cet. 61 an., 31 
Mar., 1663. This Coate and Crest were allowed ' 

by Dethick, Garter . . . 

. . . . [torn.] 

42. Argent, on a bend sable three roses of the field. 

Edward Carey, of Moushall, in Com. Staff., cet. 
56 an., an. 1644, At London, 24 June 1664. 

43. Argent, three gemelles sable. Crest : An arm embowed in 
" male " proper, in the hand a cross crosslet fitchee (or?). No proofe 
made of these Armes. 

Edward Careswell, of Blakeland, in the parish of 
Bobbington, in Com. Staff., cet. 45 an., 1 Apr., 
1663. 

44. Quarterly, 1. Gules, an inescutcheon within an orle of 
martlets argent [ChadwicJc] ; 2. Gules, three bendlets argent 

* In the Leicestershire Visitation the first crest is An arm conped at the shoulder 
embowed vert, the hand holding a spiked club with sling attached or. No doubt 
Dugdale's trick is intended for the same, but it is so rudely sketched that it cannot 
be deciphered. 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 33 

[Mavesyn] ; 3, Sable, a bow strung in bend between two pheons 
argent [Carwarden] ; 4. Ermine, two chevrons azure [JBagof] ; 5. 
Argent, three chess-rooks gules [Handsacre] ; 6. Argent, on a bend 
cottised azure three [lion's* heads erased of the field, Lowe], 
John Chadwick, of Mavisen Ridward, in Com. 
Staff, cut. 45 an., 31 March, 1663. 

45. Argent, five eagles displayed in cross sable, a crescent gules 
for difference. Crest : A demi eagle displayed sable. 

Adam ColcAough,^ of Delfhouse, cet. 50 an., 28 
Apr., 1664. 

46. Same arms and crest ; the former differenced by a canton 
gules, and the latter by a trefoil slipped argent. This canton and 
Trefoile were assigned for a distinction by W.D. 

JX Colehough,-f- of Burslem, cet. 40 an., vel circa. 

47. Quarterly argent and gules, four crosses patte'e counter- 
changed. An escutcheon of pretence : Gules, a fesse between three 
buck's heads cabossed argent [Steventon]. Crest : Out of a ducal 
coronet or, a demi lion gules. 

Jn. Chetwood, of Oakeley, = Elean. da. and heir to 
Esqr, cet. 64 an., 7 Apr., Wm. Stephenton, of 

1663. Dothill, in Com. 

Salop. 

48. Quarterley, 1 and 4, Sable, a cross patte'e fitche'e or; 2, 
Sable, three bugle horns argent, stringed gules [Dodyngtori] ; 3, 
.Barry of six ermine and gules [Hmsey\.\ Crest : A cross patte'e 
fitche'e between two expanded wings all or. 

Francis Coliere, of Stone, cet. 75 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

49. Same arms, quarterings, and crest. 

Xpopher Coliere, of Yarlet, cet. 34 an., 27 April, 
1664. 

50. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Sable, a chevron between three battle- 
axes [" forest bills," in Earl MS., 6104] argent ; 2 and 3, Argent, 

* The trick is very rude, and the heads on the bend appear to be leopard's heads 
erased affrontee. The Coat is, however, undoubtedly intended for Lowe, whose arms 
are as 'above blazoned. 

t Should be ColcZough. Bartholomew Colclough, of " Delphurst," was disclaimed 
n 1583. 

The Quarterings are named from the TopograpTter and Genealogist, iii. , 574, 
W 



34 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 



a chevron engrailed between three mullets pierced sable.* On an 
escutcheon of pretence, the arms of Fitzlierbert, viz., Argent, a chief 
vaire or and gules, over all a 'bend sable. 



Eichard Congreve, of 
Stretton, cet. 53 an., 
6 Apr, 1663. 



Anne, da. of Anth. 
Fitzherbert, of Nor- 
bury, in Com. Derb., 
Esq r ., and sister and 
coh. to S r . John Fitz- 
herbert, krit. 

51. A blank shield. f 

Jonathan Cope, of Eaunton Abby, in Co. Staff., 
youngest son to S r . W m . Cope, of Hanwell, cet. 
30 an., 8 Apr., 1663. 

52. Argent, a bend sable between three pellets. Crest : On a 
mount vert, an eagle rising or. 

Eowland Cotton, of Crakemarsh, Esqr , cet. 39 an., 
28 Apr., 1664. 

53. A blank shield. 

Jn. Cox, | of Clent, cet. 30 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 

54. A blank shield. 

Tho. Crompton, of Stone, Esqr., cet. 36 an., 7 
Apr., 1663. See the Armes in the last Visit, 
fol. 77* , 1614. 

55. - Quarterly, 1 and 4, Or, on a chief vert three pheons of 
the field ; 2 and 3, Argent, a chevron ermines between three crosses* 
crosslet fitchee sable [? Hulme]. Crest : Out of a mural coronet . . 

a " sea horse's " head argent, finned or. 



* I cannot name this quartering ; but it may be intended for Stretton or Schampion. 
The arms of the last-named family (as quartered by Moseley at the Visitation of 1583) 
are Argent, a chevron between three escallops sable. But Erdeswick states that the 
chevron and battle axes were the arms of Campion or Schampion, of Stretton, " one 
of whose daughters and heirs was married to one William Congreve, the posterity of 
whom have both invested themselves into Campion's armory " It is observable that 
the family of Moseley bears a somewhat similar coat, viz., a chevron between three 
mill-picks so called, but occasionally depicted as axes. 

t Cope, of Hanwell, bore Argent, on a chevron azure between three roses gules, 
stalked and leaved vert, as many fleurs-de-lis of the field; Crest : Out of a fleur-de- 
lis or, a dragon's head gules. 

J In Clent church is a tablet to this John Cox. He died March 3, 1705, aged 75. 
The arms represented on his monument are Gules, three cocks argent, two and one ; 
impaling Vernon, of Hanbury. 



AKMS KECOEDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 35 

J n . Crompton, of ...... cet. 50 an., 6 

Apr., 1663. Sonne of S r . Tho., Judge of the Court 
of Admiralty. No fee payed, nor is it entered. 

56. Argent, on a chief vert three pheons or, a canton gules. 

Jn. Crompton, of Stone Parke, cet. 73 an., 7 Apr., 
1663. This canton, &c. (sic). 

57. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Or, on a bend sable, three trefoils 
slipped argent ; '2 and 3, Argent a lion rampant within a border 
engrailed sable. Crest : A lion's head erased. . . . See the 
Visit. a. 1614, fol. 69b* 

J n . Coyney, of Weston-Coyney, Esq r ., cet. 26 an., 
7 Apr., 1663. 

58. A blank shield ; over it " See in Old Visit. "f 

Rob*. Comberford, of Comberford, Esq r ., cet. 69 an., 
30 Mart., 1663. 

59. Ermine, a cross patonce sable. 

Xpopher Dicken, of Walshall, cet. 46 an., 30 Mar., 
1663. The proofe of this Coate (belonging to 
Dicken, of Bobington, in Co. Staff.) as belonging 
to this family is respited. Descended from 
Dicken, of Walton, juxta Stone, in Staff. 

60. The same arms. Over the shield, " No crest proved. See in 
the last Visit., fol. 87b. ; no proof of the crest." 

Tho. Dickens, of Leaton. in the parish of Bobbing- 
ton, cet. 65 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 

61. Same arms with a canton gules. This canton was added, 

&c. (sic). 



*The coat here quartered by Coyney is attributed by Papworth to" 
Bowett] "of Rushall,Co. Stafford," but at the Visitation of 1583, the family quartered 
Argent, a lion rampant guardant ermines, for Burnett. [But Query ? The true coat 
of Burn ell is Argent, a lion rampant sable, crowned or.] In the same Visitation, and 
also in Earl. MS., 6104, the crest of Coyney is A cubit arm erect, habited sable, 
slashed argent, cuffed or, in the hand, proper, a falchion argent embrued proper, 
hilt, &c., gold. 

t Gules, a talbot passant argent is the coat recorded at the Visitation of 1614 (See 
Earl. MS., 1439) ; but at the Visitation of Warwickshire, in 1619, they entered 
Gules, on a cross engrailed argent five roses of the field, said to be the coat of Paries, 
from an heiress of which family they were descended. The crest is Out of a ducal 
coronet or, a peacock's head per pale gold and gules charged with six roses in pale 
counterchanged. 



36 AEMS EECOEDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 

Tomyns Dickins, of Morfe, cet. 40 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 



62. Azure, a fleur-de-lis argent, a crescent for difference. 

George Digby, of Sandon, in Com. Staff., Esq r ., cet. 
73 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

63. Azure, the " sun eclipsed," i.e. per pale sable and or. Crest : 
On a mount vert, a lamb passant argent (over the head a nimliis or) 

Gravener Dison, of the Hollyes, cet. 19 an., 1663. 
M n . to insert Grosvenours of the Hollyes his 
Armes quarterly with these. 

64. Or, fretty gules, on a canton azure a cross patonce argent. 

Richard Draycote, of Paynesley, Esq r .,= 
ob. 12 May, 1662. 



Philip Draycote, cet. 7 an., 2 Apr., 1663, 
now in minority. 

65. * Argent, a fesse cheeky (" Qu. coler ") between three roses 
gules, barbed, &c., or. Crest : A lion rampant supporting an anchor. 

Bob*. Ducy, of Little Aston, cet. 21 an., 30 March, 
1663. 

66. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Or, a lion rampant double-tailed vert, 
in the dexter chief a crescent for difference ; 2 and 3, Or, two lions 
passant in pale azure the whole debruised by a bendlet sinister 
gules. 

fDud Dudley, of Tipton, in com. Staff., Colonell of 
a Eegim*. in the Army of K. Ch. the 1st, and 
Generall of the Ordinance to prince Maurice 
for ' his said Mat ies . service ; cet. . . . an., 
a. 1663. 

* In Earl. MS., 6104, " Or, a fesse cheeky Inter 3 5-foiles gu. Crest : A lyon 
ramp, heralding an ankor pendant." In Stowe's Survey of London, edit. 1633, the 
arms of Sir Robert Ducy, Lord Mayor in 1630, are given as "Or, a fesse vaire be- 
tween three cinque-foils gules. " This is stated by Burke to have been granted to 
Sir Robert by Camden, in 1622, together with the following crest : A sea-lion, the 
fore-part or, the tail argent, supporting with the dexter paw an anchor azure, fluke 
gold. Sir Rebert was created a baronet in 1629. He gave Little Aston to his 
younger son Robert. 

t This pedigree has been printed by Mr. Bagnall in his reprint of Dud Dudley's 
well-known liietallum Martis. 

As so little appears to be known concerning this natural branch of the great house 
of Button-Dudley, I trust I may be excused if I indulge in a somewhat copious foot- 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 37 

67. 'Or, a tiger statant sable. 

Eichard Dyot, of Litchfield, Esqr., cet. 44 an., 30 
March, 1663. 

68. Per fesse sable and gules, an eagle displayed or. No proof e 
made of these Armes. 

Timothy Edge, of Horton, cet. 44 an., 2 Apr., 1663. 

69. Argent, a chevron sable between three " partridges proper." 
Crest : A hawk rising or, beaked, &c., gules. 

Francis Eld, of Syford, cet. 40 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

70. Argent, on a chevron gules five bezants. 

Sampson Erdswick, of Hartley Green .... 
Wolverham . . . . , Esqr., cet. 55 an., . . 
Apr., 1663. The heire male of the family. 



note. I do not pretend to have thoroughly investigated the family, but I am able to 
give a few details which I believe are not generally known. 

The large family, certified by Dud Dudley, were the natural issue of Edward Lord 
Dudley by Elizabeth Tomlinson, his lordship's "concubine." Dud was the fourth 
son ; he was born about 1599, and educated at Balliol College, Oxford. He married 
at St. Helen's Worcester, on the 12th of October, 1626, Eleanor, daughter of Francis 
Heaton, of Groveley, Co. 'Worcester (by Mary, his wife, daughter of Francis Dineley, 
or Dingley, of Charlton, in the same county), but by her, who was buried at St. 
Helen's on Dec. 3rd, 1675, appears to have left no surviving issue. In his Metallum 
Martis he refers (inter alias) to his "kinsman Master Francis Dingley," and to his 
"brother, Aylmore Folliott, Esq." How the latter was his "brother " I have not been 
able to discover. He was not the husband of one of Dud's sisters, nor was he the 
brother of Eleanor his wife. 

According to the Visitation pedigree, Dud had three brothers, viz. , Robert, of 
Netherton Hall ; John, who " died young ;" and Edward, who " died in his youth." 
Although neither wife nor child is assigned to Kobert, the eldest son, he was twice 
married, and had at least nine children. This I learn from his will, and from the 
parish registers of Dudley. The former is dated January 28th, 1652, and was proved 
in London, July 29th, 1653. He is described as "Robert Duddeley, alias Tomlinson, 
of the parish of Dudley, Esquire." He directs his body to be buried " near unto my 
father," in St. Edmund's Church, Dudley. His brother Dud is not once referred to, 
but he mentions Edward in the following terms : " Whereas my brother, Edward 
Duddeley, alias Tomlinson, deceased, held an estate tayle of and in divers lands, &c., 
in Tipton, al's Tibbington, in the county of Stafford, to him and the heires of his 
body, and for want of such heirs to mee and the heirs of my body ; and the said 
Edward having died without issue, and the said estate belonging to me, I give and 
devise all the said lands in Tipton to my son, William Duddeley, alias Tomlinson, 
and to my daughters, Elizabeth Porter, Alice Jennens, and Jane Duddeley, alias 
Tomlinson, and their heires." To each of his other children he gives twenty shillings. 
The interest he had in the house wherein he then dwelt, called " Carye's Lodge," and 
also the interest he had in certain lands in Mereden, Co. Warwick, " lately settled on 



38 ARMS EECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 

71. Sable, a fesse dancettee or, in chief three fleurs-de-lis 
argent, a crescent for difference. Crest : Out of a ducal coronet or, 
a demi ostrich, wings displayed argent, in the beak [gules ?] a 
horse-shoe gold. 

W m . Feake, of Stafford, at. 40 an., an . 1664. See 
these Armes in the Visitation of London [taken 
in 1633-4.] 

72. Per bend dancettee argent and gules. Crest: A garb 
between two wings expanded or. [Described in Harl. MS., 6104, 
as " A garbe inter 2 wings expanded or, pinions gules"] 

W m . Fearne, of Crakemersh, act. 7 an., 28 Apr., 
1664. 

73. Gules, three lions rampant or, a canton of the last. 

Rob*. Fitzherbert, of Hints, act. 66 an., 30 March, 
1663. This distinction of a canton was assigned 
by me, W.D., Norroy. 



me for 99 years by a decree in Chancery," he gives to his " dear wife, Ann Duddeley, 
al's Tomlinson, " whom he appoints sole executrix. The will is signed " Robert 
Dudley," and is attested by John Manning, Robt. x Dudley, Rob. x Brookes, and 
Edw. Parkshouse. It seems that Ann, the widow, also made a will, of which her 
son Edward was executor ; and on 10th May, 1681, Eleanor, relict of the said 
Edward, obtained administration de bonis non. Walter Dudley and Jane Male are 
mentioned as children of Robert in this administration. The son Edward wa? a yeo- 
man at Kingswinford. He had died intestate, and administration of his personal 
estate was granted at Lichfield, on February llth, 1677-8, to Eleanor Dudley, aliens 
Tomlinson, his relict. 

The Dudley registers record the burial on January 24th, 1619-20, of "Margaret, 
the wife of Robert Dudley, Gent. " By her he appears to have had issue : 1st, the 
William referred to in his will (whose baptism I have not found) ; 2nd, Elizabeth, 
wife of. . . Porter (probably the daughter of Robert D., who was baptized July 
21st, 1614) ; and, 3rd, Alice, baptized December 24th, 1616, married to .... 
Jennens. By Ann, his second wife, he had : 4th, Edward, baptized January llth, 
1625-6 ; qy. 5th, Jane (referred to in his will and then unmarried), wife of. . . . 
Male, in 1681 ; 6th, Warde("son of Robert Dudley, Esq."), baptized March 3rd, 
1630-1 ; 7th, Robert (" son of Robert Dudley, Esq."), baptized December 22nd, 1633 ; 
8th, Walter ("son of Robert Dudley, Esq., and Ann "), baptized June 30th, 1636 ; 
9th, Thomas (" son of Robert and Ann Dudley "), baptized July llth, 1639. 

The Dudley registers also contain the following, whom I cannot "place" in the 
pedigree : 

1653, March 9th : Eleanor, daughter of John Dudley, alias Tomlinson, 

and Elizabeth his wife, baptized. 

1655, July 28th : John Tomlinson, alias Dudley, buried, 
1660, Jan. 10th : Eleanor Dudley, alias Tomlinson, buried. 
Dud Dudley was buried (on 25th Oct., 1684) in St. Helen's Church, Worcester, 
where he has a monument, now almost entirely perished. 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 39- 

74. Argent, a bend between three arrows, points to the 

base, sable.* 

Eichard Floyer, of Hints, an Utter Barr. of . . . 
at. . . . an., 30 March, 1663. No proofe 
made of these Armes. 

75. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Per pale nebule'e or and azure, six 
martlets, two, two, and two, counterchanged ; 2 and 3, Quarterly, 
i and iv, Argent, three chevronels gules, [Langton]; ii and iii, Argent, 
a cross patonce sable, [Banastrt.] Crests : 1. A " maidenhead " 
affrontee, couped below the shoulders, vested gules, a ring encircling 
the head or. 2. A wolf passant regardant argent, charged with . . 
gules. Which is the right crest ? -f- I suppose the wolfe. 

Sr. Tho. Fleetewood, of Caldwich, Bart, cut., 54 an., 
2 Apr., 1663. 

76. Argent, on a fesse azure between three crossbows " bent " 
sable, as many arrows points downwards, or. Crest : A greyhound 
sejant sable, collared or, resting the dexter paw on a crossbow 
" bent b." Granted by me, W.D., Norroy. 

I Tho. Foden, of Fulford, cet. 58 an., 3 Jan., 1664. 
G. p. W.D., K [i.e., granted by W. Dugdale, 
Norroy. 

77. ' Vert, a fleur-de-lis argent. Crest : A dexter arm embowed, 
vested . . . cuff argent, in the hand proper an arrow or 
feathered argent. 

Ferrers Fowke, of Brewode, cet. 40 an., 30 March, 
1663. 

. 78. A blank shield. 

Walter Fowler, of Penford, cet. 62 an., 8 Apr. 1663. 

79. Ermine, on a canton gules an owl or. Crest : In a ducal 

* This family generally bore a chevron between three arrows. 

t The " maidenhead " is the crest of Langton. 

J The name of " Hugh Fowden, of Fulford," appears in the list of Disclaimers at 
the Visitation of 1583 ; and " Thomas Fowden, of Foafford," was returned as Ignobilis 
in 1614. 

This is really the coat of Barton, an heiress of which family was married to Henry 
Fowler, ancestor of the above Walter. At the Visitation of 1583, Bryan Fowler, of 
St. Thomas, bore Azure, on a chevron engrailed argent between three lions passant 
guardant or, as many crosses pattee sable. The same coat is borne by Fowler, of 
Fendeford. 






40 ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-1 

coronet or, an "owle's head" between two expanded wings 
argent. 

Walter Fowler, of St. Thomas, act. 43 an., 4 Apr., 
1663. 

80. A blank shield. 

Abraham Fowler, of Salt, in Com. Staff., cet. 37 
an., 6 Apr., 1663. 

81. Gules, a chevron between three mullets' argent. Crest : A 
dcnii man in armour " prop.," his left arm a kimbo, in his right 
hand a broken tilting spear or. 

Bob*. Fulwood, of Whittington, cet. 53 an., 31 
March, 1663. 

82. Azure, a chevron or between two mullets of the last in 
chief and a crescent in base argent ; a chief gold, charged with a 
lion passant guardant gules. 

Marc Antonio Galliardello, of Walshall, Co. Staff., 
cet. 40 (?) an., 31 March, 1663. This Coate is in 
the glass windows of the Church of y e Mineries 
wth out Aldgate, in the [city ?] of London, 
and under written Galliardello. 

83. Or, on a chief indented gules three trefoils slipped gold. 
Crest : A cubit arm vested gules, in the hand, proper, a bunch of 
three trefoils slipped or.* 

Leonard Gamull, of Olton, 6b. 1662,= 



Eobert Gamull, cet. 23 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

84. Gules, three pheons argent. These Armes were in an old 
window at Eccleshall.f 

John Gaywood, of Bpps. Offley, cet. 23 an., 6 Apr., 
1663. 

85. Quarterly, 1 and 4, ArgenJb, a human leg couped above the 

* A branch of this Cheshire family entered a pedigree at the Visitation of London, 
1633-4. The crest is as above, but the arms are Or, three mallets sable (not nmllets, 
as in Burke). 

t John Gaywood, of Podmore, and Nicholas Gaywood, of Bishop's Offley, were 
disclaimed at the Visitation of 1583 ; and in 1614 Thomas Gaywood, of Bishop's 
Offley, was an Ignobilis. 






ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 41 

knee sable, garnished or, a crescent for difference ; 2 and 3, Per pale 
argent and sable, a chevron charged with four fleurs-de-lis all 
counterchanged [Nelson.]* Crest : A dexter naked arm embowed 
sable, holding a dart and cord or, the pheon azure. 

Rich. Gilman, of Penford, cet. 38 an., 6 Apr., 1663. 

86. Azure, three stirrups and leathers or, a mullet for difference. 

Humfrey Giffard, of Water Eyton, cet. 38 an-., 6 
Apr., 1663. 

87. Azure, three stirrups and leathers or. Crest : "A panther's 
head " couped affrontee, spotted of various colours, flames issuant 
from the mouth proper. 

Walter Giffard, of Chillington, Esqr., cet. 52 an., 25 
. Sep., 1663. 

88. Argent, a chevron between three annulets gules. No proofe 
made. 

Tho. Goring, of Kingston, cet 16 an., 2 Apr. 1663. 

89. Gules, on a fesse argent between three boar's heads couped 
close or, a lion passant azure. Crest : A boar's head couped close 
argent, pierced with a broken spear gules. 

Jn. Gough, of Old Fal [tings], Bushbury [torn] 
. . . an., 1664. 

90. Barry of six argent and azure, in chief three torteaux and a 
label gules, a crescent for difference. For the crest, see that of 
Henry, Duke of Suffolke, the unicorne passant and in a sun or. 

Henry Grey, of Enfield, Eso/., cet. 5 . . an., 10 
Apr., 1663. 

91. Vert, three harts trippant or, on a chief of the last as many 
mullets azure. Crest : A hart trippant or, ducally gorged gules. 

James Greene, of Stafford, cet. 36 an., 1664. 



92. Azure, a garb or between three bezants, a canton of the 
second. 

Rob*. Grosvenour, of Hungersheath, in the parish 
of Asheley, cet. 37 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

93. The same arms with a canton argent. This canton was 
assigned, &c. 

* Named from the Visitation of London, 1633-4. 



42 AKMS KECOKDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 

Solomon Grosvenour of Hilton, cet. 57 an., 26 
. Apr., 1664. 

94. Gules, three arrows, points to the base, or. Crest : An arm 
embowed in armour argent, in the hand proper an arrow or. 

Wm. Hale, of Hollyse, cet. 45 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 

95. Or, on a bend engrailed vert, cottised sable, three bezants. 
Crest : In a mural coronet sable, a demi lion rampant or, charged 
on the shoulder with a trefoil gules, supporting a battle axe headed 
or. These bezants were assigned for a distinction. 

Francis Hanbury, of Wolverhampton, cet, 26 an., 
25 Apr., 1664. 

96. A blank shield. 

Alex. Harcourt, of Eaunton, Esq r ., cet. 34 an., 4 Apr., 
1663. See the Armes in [last ?] Visit., fol. 79 * 

97. Argent, on a fesse nebulee sable three hare's heads couped 
of the field, a canton of the second. Crest : " A hare's head " 
couped or 

Edward Harewell, of Wolverhampton, cet. 64 an., 
10 Apr., 1663. 

98. Sable, a chevron between three leopard's faces or. Crest 
A griffin's head erased or, armed gules. 

J- JX Haw, of Caldmore, cet. 47 an., 1663. Proved by 
severall old Seales at the Visit, of Warwick sh. J 

99. Quarterly or and gules, a bordure engrailed sable charged 
with escallops argent. Crest : Out of a ducal coronet per pale or 



* Gules, two bars or. Crest : On a ducal coronet or, a peacock close proper. 
(Earl. MS., 6104, &c.) 

t There is no John Haw in Earl. MS., 6104. The pedigree there given is as 
follows : 

George Haw, de Caldmore, in Com. Staif. = 



I 
George Haw=EHz. fil. Comberford. 



George Haw, cet. 19 yeares, 1663, de Middle Temple. 

It may be added that George Hawe, son and heir of George Hawe, "deCauld- 
more " (Walsall) was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1632. 

J See Pedigree of Hawes, of Solihull, in the Visitation of Warwickshire, 1619. 
Earl. Society's copy, p. 405. 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 43 

and gules, a man's head in profile proper, wearing a conical cap 
wreathed of the first and second. 

Walter Hevingham, of Aston, Esq r ., cet. 49 an., 7 
Apr., 1663. See in the last Visit. 

100. Azure, a chevron between three fleurs-de-lis or, a canton of 
the last. Crest : A lion rampant argent, pierced through the breast 
with a broken spear in bend proper. 

J n . Hill, an utter Bar. of Grey's Inn, now residing 
at Litchfield ; cet. . . an., 30 March, 1663. 

101. A blank shield. See the Armes in the Visit. Booke.* 

Sam. Hinton, of Lichfield, D r . of the Civill Lawe, 
cet . 

102. Quarterly sable and argent, a bordure erininois. Crest : 
Within an annulet or, a maiden's head and bust proper, crined gold. 

f John Hoo, of Bradley, cet. 58 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 
This Coate was confirmed and the Crest granted 
by Sr Eich. S 4 . George, Norroy, 25 Aug. 1614. 

103. . . on a chevron . . between three pistols . . as many 
" cinquefoils " . . Crest: A tower in flames proper. No proofe 
made of these Arms. 

Wm. Hopkins, of Wednesbury, in Com. Staff., cet. 
27 aw., 30 March, 1663.+ 

104. Barry of six or and azure, on a canton argent a rose gules. 
Crest : A lion's head couped argent, gorged with " a garland of 
roses " gules. 

J n . Hulme, of Newgrange, cet. 40 an., 2 Apr., 1663. 
Certified by H. S*. George, Richmond. 



* The Arms are : Per fesst indented sable and or, six fleurs-de-lis counterchanged. 
See Harl. MS., 6104 fol. Sob, but the name is there written Huit! The same mis- 
take occurs in Sir T. Phillipps's privately printed copy. Dr. Hinton married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Chester, of Royston, Herts. He was the son of 
William Hinton, D.D., Archdeacon of Coventry, and died January 13th, 1668-9. 
He has a monument in Lichfield Cathedral. 

t William Howe, of Bradley, was disclaimed in 1583. 

J Hopkins, of Coventry (from which family this William was descended), bore 
Sable, on a chevron between three pistols bend-ways or, as many roses gules. Crest : 
A tower per bend indented argent and gules, flames issuant proper. See the pedigree 
in the History of Wednesbury, published by W. Parke, Wolverhampton, 1854. 



44 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 



105. Sable, a fesse between three cinquefoils or. Crest : A hart 

passant proper, attired or, wounded in the flank with an arrow, gold. 

Eoger Hurt, of Castern, cet. 71 an., 

6 Apr., 1663. 



Nicholas Hurt, cet. 42 an.== 

Nichol., cet. 14 

106. Argent, on a chevron azure three escallops of the field, on 
a chief of the second a lion passant of the first. Crest : An eagle's? 
head erased argent. 

Francis Hynde, of Pershall, juxta Eccleshall, cet. 
41 an., 8 Apr., 1663. 

107. Gules, a fesse or, fretty of the field, between three talbot's 
heads erased argent. Crest: A talbot's head erased [argent?] collared 
[gules ?] fretty [or ?] 

John Huntbach, de Seawell, cet. 24 an., a. 1663.* 

108. Sable, a chevron ermine between three martlets or. Ex 
sigillo Kob. Jerveys, 17 July, 17 Eliz. 

Wm. Gervys, of Mayford, in Com. Staff., cet. 29 
an., ao., 1664.f 

109. A blank shield. 

J n . Jackman, of Persall, cet. 20 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 
See Buck. Visit., descending from them at ... 
[illegible]. J 

110. Azure, a lion rampant argent, on a chief or three hurts. 
Crest : A demi eagle azure, wings expanded or. 

Symon Jasson,of Edyall, cet. 30 an., 31 March, 1663. 

111. Sable, a lion rampant between three scaling ladders or. 
Crest : On a rock argent, a castle or, charged with a trefoil slipped 
gules. 

* Thomas Huntbach of "Shawell," was ignobilis at the Visitation of 1614. 

t The name of John Gervys, of ChatMll, occurs in the list of Disclaimers at the 
Visitation of 1583. 

J The Jackmans of Wing, Bucks., bore Per saltire argent and sable, in chief and 
in base an eagle displayed counter-changed. Crest : A griffin's head erased sable, 
guttee d'or. (See Visitation of Huntingdonshire, 1613, Camd. Soc., p. 105, and 
Visitation of London, 1568, Harl. Soc., p. 72.) 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 45 

Tho. Jeffreyes, of Uttoxeter, in Com. Staff., cet. 49 
an., 28 Apr., 1664. 

112. Or, on a chevron vert three leopard's faces of the field. 
Crest : Two " halberts " in saltire argent enfiled with a ducal coronet 
or. No proofe made of the Armes. 

"WX Inge, of Thorpe, in Com. Staff., Esq r ., cet. 45 
an., 30 March, 1663. 

113. . . on a bend . . between two shacklebolts . . three 
pheons . . , on a chief . . a demi lion rampant issuant . 
between two lozenges . . See the Armes in Lincolnsh. Visit. ; 
no colours to be found there. 

J u . Johnson, of Moseley, in Com. Staff., cet. 54 an., 
25 Apr., 1664. 

114. Sable, on a cheyron between three boars passant argent 
as many falcon's head erased of the field. 

Humphrey Ironmonger,* of Wolverhampton, cet. 
. . . . 16 Apr., 1663. Appeare in the 
Visit, of Berksh. 

115. Azure, a bend ermine cottised or, between two falcons 
rising of the last. [Comes ?] from Newport, in Com. Salop. 

Luke ? Justice, of .... and Knighton, in 
Com. Staff., cet. 42 an., 1664. The Scale ? was 
Jiad downe ? from London, drawne by some 
forging ? painter as I suppose ; for there's no 
proofe of it in the Heraulds' Office. 

116. A blank shield. 

f* Tho. Keeling, of Bemersley, cet. 58 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

* Mr. Humphrey Ironmonger, of Wolverhampton, is spoken of in Boscobel as 
assisting in the escape of Col. Carlos. He not only procured the Colonel " a pass 
from some of the rebel commanders, in a disguised name, to go to London, but fur- 
nished him with money for his journey, by means whereof he got safe thither, and 
from thence into Holland, .where he brought the first happy news of his Majesty's 
safety to his royal sister the Princess of Orange." "Mr. Iremonger, of Chatkill," 
was summoned by the Heralds in 1614, but does not appear to have recorded a 
pedigree. The pedigree in the Visitation of Berkshire, commences with ''James 
Iremonger, of Ridge (Chatkill), in Com. Staff." 

t The Pedigrees of Keeling, of Bemersley and Wolstanton are printed in the 
Reliquary, XVI., 190. The arms borne by the Wolstauton family were: Quarterly, 
1 and 4, Sable, a lion rampant or holding between the fore-paws an escutcheon argent 
charged with a cross pattee fitchee gules ; 2 and 3, Gyronny of eight ermine and 
gable. Crest : In a mural coronet gules, a demi lion or supporting a shield argent, 



46 ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4 

117. A blank shield. 

Isaack Keeling, of Wolstanton, cet. 58 an., 1663. 
His ancesters were of Newcastle-under-Line. 
See the Coat in Mr. Ashmole's hand. 

118. Gyronny of eight gules and sable, an eagle displayed 
argent. Crest : A Cornish chough sable, legs gules, beak or. No 
proofe made of the Armes.* 

W m . Lathorpe, of Uttoxeter, cet. 30 an., 28 Apr., 
1664. His father Humphrey Lathorpe, of Crake- 
marsh, cet. 78. 

119. Sable, three mullets or, on a chief of the last a demi lion 
rampant issuant gules. Crest: Two lion's gambs erect gules, 
supporting a mural coronet or. 

"WX Ladkins, of the Shaw, neere Chedle, in Com. 
Staff., cet. 60 an., et amplius, 3 Apr., 1663. 

120. A blank shield. 

Clayton Lea, of (Clayton, in Co. Staff., cet. 36 an., 
17 Apr., 1664. His ancestors come from 
Nanptwich in Chesh. 

121. Ermine, a cross pate*e throughout [gules]. Crest : A dexter 
cubit arm erect [vested azure] holding a chaplet [proper]. No 
proofe made of the Armes. 

Tho. Leacroft, of Walton, cet. 66 an., 
.Apr., 1663. 



Tho., cet. 22 an. 



charged as in the arms. In the same work, XV., 239, is an extract from Ashmole's 
MSS., stating that the arms, as above blazoned, were "exhibited at Stone 7 April, 
1663, in Vellonie," with a certificate attached, signed by Sir W m . Segar, Garter, 
that the coat belonged to "Riylfe Keeling, of Wolstanton, in Staffordshire, gentle- 
man, as it was altered by patent from a lyon with two tayles (being the auncient 
coate) ; the which Raylfe was eldest son to Thomas Keeling, who was son to John 
K., son to Raylfe K., of Wolstanton, Hamsall-Ridwar, and of Black Hall, in the 
sd. county." This Ralph Keeling, who died in 1630, was the father of Isaac, living 
in 1663. In Glover's Ordinary, the quartering (Gyronny ermine and sable) is 
ascribed to "Cay ling." 

* Papworth ascribes this coat to Lentlwrne. William and Humphrey are not 
named in the pedigree given in Harl. MS., 6104, which is as follows : John Lathorpe 
of ' ' ye Priory, neere Lincolne," had issue Thomas, " de Bramshall," who had Nicholas, 
who had Samuel, who had three daughters, Elizabeth, Jane, and Mary. Thomas 
Lathorp, of Leigh, was returned as Igndbilis in 1614. 






ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 47 

122. Quarterly azure and gules, three sinister hands erect 
couped argent. 

Bob*. Leveson, of Wolverhampton, cet. 27 an., 10 
Apr., 1663 ; and' J n . Leveson, of Willenhall, cet. 
50 an. 

123. Or, a tiger passant gules, a canton of the last. Crest : A 
tiger's head erased gules, charged with a crescent or. This canton 
&c. 

Jn. Lutwich, of Blacklow, juxta Swinerton, cet. 50 
an., a. 1663. 

124. *Gules, a fesse erminois between three wolf's heads erased 
or, langued azure. Crest : A wolf's head erased per pale erminois 
and gules. [In Harl. MS., 6104, A wolf's head erased erminois, 
collared gules. 

Edw. Lyddyeat, of Himley, cet. 66 an., 25 Apr., 1664. 
J n . Lydiatt, of Envile," cet. 34 an., 25 Apr., 1664. 

125. Gules, a cross engrailed ermine. Crest : Out of a ducal 
coronet . . a ram's head ermine horned or, in the mouth a 
green twig. 

Tho. Maklesfield, of the Mare, cet. 52 an., 7 Apr., 
1663. 

126. Argent, two bars gules, a canton " varry or and gules." 

Henry Manwaring, of Coton, cet. 21 an., 10 Apr., 
1663. 

127. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Argent, two bars gules ; 2 and 3, Gules, 
a scythe argent [Praers]. Crest : An ass's head " russett," haltered 
argent. 

Edw. Manwaring, of Whit-more, Esq r ., cet. 60 an., 
Apr., 1663. 



128. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Argent, a dexter hand couped and 
erect sable within a bordure engrailed of the last ; 2 and 3, Or on 
two bars gules three water bougets argent, two on the first and one 
on the second bar [ Willougliby']. 

* These bearings were granted to John Lydeate by St. George, Norroy, October 
19, 1614. (Harl. MS., 1052.) The family also recorded a pedigree at the Visitation 
of Worcestershire, taken in 1634. 



48 



AllMS EECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4 . 



Willoughby Manley, of Thorney Hill, in the parish 
of Hanbury, cet. 47 an., a. 1664. 

129. Azure, a chevron ermine between three anchors or. Crest: 
Out of a mural coronet gules, a cubit arm vested erminois holding 
a sword, blade wavy argent, hilt or. Attested by S r . Eich. St. 
George, Norroy, 1614. 

Alexander Manlove, of Kingston, cet. 56? an., 
28 Apr., 1664. 

130. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Gules, a fesse argent between three 
plates ; 2 and 3, Per "Bend or and azure, an eagle displayed counter- 
changed [Blackenhalf]. Crest : A cubit arm proper, the hand grasp- 
ing a lion's gamb erased sable. 

Tho. Minors, of Litchfield, cet 

131. Gules, a fesse argent between three plates, a canton or. A 
canton or assigned by me, W.D., Norroy. 

Eichard Minors, of Uttoxeter, cet. 62 an., 2 Apr., 
1663. 

132. Quarterly ; 1, Argent, a chevron between three square 
buckles sable ; 2, Quarterly i. and iv. Ermine ; ii. and iii. Paly of 
six or and gules, within a bordure azure \KnigTitley] ; 3, Azure, a' 
buck's head cabossed or [Colover] ; 4, Argent, on a saltire sable five 
ducks of the field [Brugh~\. Crest : A demi moor-cock or, combed, 
&c., gules, between two wings azure. 

Mathew Moreton, of Ingleton, Esq r ., cet. 75 an., .6 
Apr., 1663. 

133. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Sable, on a chevron between three 
mill-picks argent, as many mullets gules ; 2 and 3, Argent, on a 
fesse sable three escallops or [Blythe]. 

John Moseley, of Moseley, in Com. Staff., cet. 30 ' 
an., 10 Apr., 1663. 

134. Bendy or and azure. Crest : A plume of ostrich feathers 
argent. 



m. Mountfort, of= 
Walshall, 4 son 



Simon Mountfort, of 
Clifford's Inne, cet. 
30cw.,30March,1663. 



Simon Mountfort, of 
Bescot, Esqr., cet. 54 
an., 30 March, 1663. 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 49 

[It would seem from the position of William and Simon in the 
above " table " that they were brothers ; but according to the 
pedigree in Harl. MS., 6104, Simon, of Bescot, cet. 54, was son of 
Sir Edward, of the same place, which Sir Edward was brother of 
William, of Walsall, father of the other Simon.] 

135. Or, on a fesse gules between two lions passant sable, three 
bezants. Crest : A demi greyhound gules, pierced with an arrow 
in bend argent. Approved by S r . H. S*. George, Norroy. 

*J n . Noble, of Chorley, cetAl an., 31 March, 1663. 

136. -{-Quarterly ; 1, Argent, on a cross fleurette'e azure a lion 
passant guardant or ; 2, Azure, a chevron between two eagles dis- 
played in chief or, and a lion passant in base of the last [Nichells] ; 

3, Argent, a chevron gules between three plummets sable [Jennings]', 

4, Azure, a tiger statant or. Crest : A demi lion rampant guardant 
or, holding an " ollive " branch vert, fructed gold. 

John Offley, Esq'.,otf. 13 an., 6 Apr., 1663. 

137. Azure, an eagle displayed between three battle axes or. 
Crest : A dolphin embowed azure pierced with a spear or. Motto : 
" Nil nisi bonum" 

W m . Orme, of Hanse Hall, cet. 49 an.,= 
31 March, 1663. 



I f 

Th. Orme, cet. 25 an. 

138. Barry of four or and sable, three mascles counterchanged, 
a canton gules. Crest : A dexter arm embowed vested per pale 
or and sable, in the hand " prop." a covered cup or. This canton, 
&c. 

* See a note from "an original Visitation, by Dugdale, Norroy," in Harwood's 
Erdeswick, pp. 239-40. 

t In the Visitation of London, 1568 (Harleian Society's edition, p. 64), Offley 

bears Argent, on a cross flory azure between four Cornish choughs sable, beaked and 

legged gules, a lion passant guardant or. Crest : A demi lion rampant per pale or, 

ind azure, collared counterchanged, holding in his paws an olive branch vert, frncted 

old. In the same Visitation, the arms of Joan, wife of Sir Thomas Offley, and 

laughter and heiress of John Nichells, are given as Azure, on a chevron or between 

wo eagles displayed in chief and a lion passant in base of the last, a hurt charged 

rith a leopard's head argent enclosed by two torteaux, each charged with an escallop 

>f the third ; quartering Jennings. 

X 



50 ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-1. 

Bob*. Pargiter, of King's Sutton, in Com.= 
1 ., cet. 80 an., vel circa. 



Wm. Pargiter, of Maveson Eidware, cet. 
51 an., 31 March, 1663. 

139. Sable, a fesse erminois between three buck's heads couped 
or. Crest : An " oake " tree vert fructed or, among the branches a 
squirrel proper. See Visitation fol. 95J.* 

John Parkes, of Willings worth, cet. 16 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 

140. . . . a chevron . . . between three buck's heads 
cabossed . . . No Proofe made of these Armes. 

Eich. Parker, of Audley, cet. 58 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

141. ... a chevron between three leopard's faces. . . . 
Crest : A leopard's head ... in a coronet ? No proofe made. 

, George Parker, of Parke Hall, in the parish of 
Caverswall, cet. 71 an., 2 Apr:, 1663.f 

[In the original Visitation Book is this note : " It being made 
evident to me that these parties were descended from Parker, of 
Norton Lees, in Co. Derb., and that the male line of that house is 
extinct, I allowed these arms, viz., Gules, a chevron betwixt three 
leopard's heads or, to George Parker, now of Park Hall. W. 
Dugdale, N." The correct blazon of the crest is, A leopard's head 
erased affronted or, ducally gorged gules.] 

142. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Or, on a pile azure a stag's head 
cabossed or ; 2 and 3, Argent, a lion rampant purpure, for " Deane 
of Woodhall." Crest : A greyhound sejant " prop.," collared sable, 
resting the dexter paw on a caltrap argent. [Underneath the shield 
is written, " Q. for better certainty of these Armes ? " but it has 
been struck out.] 

Edw. Persehouse, of Woodhall, cet. 37 an., 8 Apr., 
1663. 

143. Same coat and crest, no quartering. 

J n . Persehouse, of Eeynald's Hall, Esq r ., cet., 36 an., 
30 March, 1663. + 

* Dugdale means the previous Visitation, taken in 1614. The arms were granted 
to Richard Parkes by St. George, Norroy, on 4th February, 12 James I. 

t Grandfather of the first Earl of Macclesfield. 

John Parshouse, of Walsall, was disclaimed in 1583. The above arms were 
granted by St. George, in 1614. 



ARMS KECOKDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 51 

144. Same coat and crest, the former differenced by a canton 
gules, and the latter by a trefoil slipped also gules. 

Edw. Persehouse, of Guarnall, in ye parish of 
Sedgley, cet. 53 an., 1664. Now one of the 
coroners in the County. 

145. Argent, a chevron gules between three bugle-horns sable. 

Walter Petit, of Walshall, cet. 56 an., 10 Apr., 1663.* 

146. Vert, seme'e of crosses crosslet or, two organ pipes pile- 
ways of the last. Crest : A . . . head argent, crowned or, issuant 
from the crown a plume of five feathers also or. 

Sam. Pipe, of Bilston, Esq r ., cet. 22 an., 25 Apr., 
1664. 

147. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Azure, a fesse engrailed between three 
" falcons " -f each holding in its bill a cross crosslet fitche'e or ; 2, 
Or, an eagle displayed azure [Montgomery ?] ; 3, Ermine, on a 
bordure gules eight horse shoes or [Montgomery], Crest : A 
" falcon " with a cross crosslet fitche'e in the bill or. 

John Port, of Ham, Esqr., cet. 11 (sic) an., 2 Apr., 
1663. 

148. Sable, three church bells argent, a canton ermine. Crest : 
A portcullis Q. the color. No proof e made of ye Armes nor any 
fee payed, therefore not entd. 

Eaphe Porter, of Stallington, cet. 79 an., 7 Apr., 
1663. J 

149. Vert a chevron between three mullets or, a canton argent. 
Crest: "A catt of the mountaine"guardant"pp." This Canton, &c. 

Tho. Pudsey, of Seisdon, cet. 54 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 

150. A blank shield. See in the Visitation of Shropshire. 

Kichard Purcell, of Little Bloxwich, cet. 70 an., 30 

March, 1663. 

[The arms are thus blazoned in Harl. M.S., 6104, " Barry wavy 
of 6 pieces ar. and gu., on a \ sa. 3 bore's heads argent."] 

* I may as well note here that the Petits mentioned by Harwood in his edition of 
Erdeswick (1844), were not descended from the above family ; but derived their 
descent from Louis Petit, a French protestant refugee, who settled in England after 
the revocation of the Edict of Nants. See pedigree in Dr. Howard's Mis. Gen. et 
Her., Vol. IV., p. 13. 

t "Storkes" in Harl. MS., 6104. John Porte, of Ham, was disclaimed in 1583. 

J " Mr. Porter, of Stallington," was returned as Ignolilis&i the Visitation of 1614. 



52 ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 

151. Azure, on a fesse or a lion passant gules, in chief three 
bezants. 

Eich. Pyot, of Streethay, cet. 74 an., 1663.* 

152. Argent, two trefoils slipped in fesse sable, a chief gules. 
Crest : A " wolfe's " head couped sable collared argent, charged 
with a trefoil slipped or. [In Earl. MS., 6104, the crest is blazoned 
thus, A " tiger's head collared argt., ch. wth a 3 foile or.] 

W m . Eode, of Eushton- Jaines, cet. 5 . . an., 6 Apr., 
1663. 

153. Argent, fretty (formed by perpendicular and horizontal 
lines) sable, on a canton gules a rose or. Crest : A leopard's face 
argent. 

Tho. Eudyard, of Eudyard, Esqr., cet. 36 an., 28 
Apr., 1664. 

154. Argent, a chevron between three roses gules, a trefoil azure 
for distinction. Crest : On the top of a " ship-mast " a beacon 
lired, behind it four arrows in saltire, and two ladders resting 
against it. [Thus blazoned in Harl. MS., 6104 : "A becon fired 
and mounted with 4 laders and 4 arrows in saltier."] 

Tho. Eugeley, of Stafford, cet. 44 an., 4 Apr., 1663. 

155. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Sable, a chevron ermine between three 
bull's heads cabossed argent ; 2 and 3, ... a chevron between 
three owls ? . . . Over all a crescent for difference. Crest : A 
demi bull rampant erased gules, charged with a rose or, and a 
crescent for difference. 

2. Daniel Sanders, of 3. Joseph (?) Sanders, 

Bramston, borne of Barton under 

24 May, 1620. Needwood, borne 

5 Dec., 1626. 

156. Argent, on a fesse gules cottised azure between three 
Catherine wheels sable, as many lambs passant of the field. Crest : 
A beacon sable, fired proper, ladder gules. 

Tho Scott, of Great Barr, cet. 49 an., 30 Apr., 1663. 

157. Argent, a chevron between three dolphins embowed sable. 

J n . Sergeant, of Millmeese, cet. 45 an., 2 Apr., 1663. 
James Sergeant, of Uttoxeter, uncle to John, a:t. 
66 an., 20 Apr., 1663 2nd son. 

* Thomas Pyot, of Cheadle, was disclaimed in 1583. 



ARMS RECORDED AT TIIE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 53 

158. Sable, three escallops argent. No proofe of the Arines. 

John Shelton, of West Bromwich, Esq r ., act. 47 
an., 30 March, 1663. 

159. Azure, a griffin segreant argent between three estoiles or. 
Crest : A deini griffin segreant between two expanded wings azure ? 
the latter semee of estoiles argent ? 

Edw. Short, of Mayford, cet., 34 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

160. Quarter!} 7 , 1 and 4, Gules, a lion rampant or, within a 
bordure vaire ; 2 and 3, Azure, a chevron between three (" bees," in 
Harl. MS., 6104*), argent [Muschamp]. Crest : A demi man in 
armour affrontee couped at the waist proper, holding in his right 
hand a sword reclining on his shoulder argent, pomel and hilt or, 
on his sinister arm a round buckler gules. 

Gerard Skrymshire, of Aquilate, Esq r ., cet. 58 an., 
6 Apr., 1663. See in the last Visitation for the 
Armes that were granted 13 Apr., 1584, to the 
Skrimsh. of Aquilate. 

161. Same arms and quartering. " Same crest with a W ." 

J n . Skrimshire, of Brockton Grange, cet. 40 an., 6 
Apr., 1663. 

162. Same arms, quartering, and crest. 

J n . Skrymshire, of Norbury, Esq r ., cet. 64 an., Dec., 

1664. 
" See at the end concerning this family." [Post, p. 59.] 

163. Argent, a scythe and snead in bend sinister sable, in the 
fesse point a fleur-de-lis of the last. Crest : A lion passant 
guardant .... 

Wm. Sneade, of Keele== 



Eaphe Sneade, cet. 22 an., 7 Apr,, 1663. 

164. Vert, a stag trippant proper within a bordure engrailed 
argent. 

Jn. Somerford, Esqr., cet. 62 an., 6 Apr., 1663. 



* These charges are by some authorities called butterflies, and by others beetles, but 
it seems more probable that they are flies (Lat. muscce) in allusion to the name 
J/uschamp. 



54 AEMS RECOEDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 

165. Argent, on a bend between six mullets azure, three buck's 
heads cabossed or. This distinction of y e six mullets, &c. (sic). 

Charles -Stanley, of Handsworth, cet. 62 an., 30 
March, 1663. 

166. Argent, three bars azure, a canton or thereon a fesse and 
in chief three mascles sable. Crest : A gauntlet or, grasping a 
broken sword argent, hilt, &c., sable. This Coate and Crest was 
granted to S r . Win. Staunford, by the name of William Staunford, 
of Holliwell,* in Com. Middlesex, gent., 2 May, 34 H. 8, by 
Xpopher Barker, Esq r ., Garter. 

JX Staunford, of Handsworth, cet. 39 an., 30 
March, 1663. 

167. Quarterly, 1, Gules, three " lapwinges " [in Earl MS., 6104 
" seagulls "] or within a bordure argent ; 2, Gules, a chief indented 
or ; 3, Or, an eagle's leg erased a la cuisse gules, on a chief indented 
azure three plates [Tarbock] ; 4, Barry azure and argent, a bend 
sable, in chief a mullet or [ ? for distinction]. An escutcheon of 
pretence, Quarterly . . . [cannot be deciphered.] 

2. Samuell Terrick, of Clayton Griffiths, cet. 20 an., 

1663. 
1. Eichard Terrick, cet. 29 an., 7 Apr., 1663. 

168. Ermine fretty gules, a chief of the last. No proofe made. 

Benjamin Thornborough, of -j*. . . house, in 
Com. Staff., Dr. in Phisick, cet. 36 an., 2 Apr., 
1663. 

169. Argent, a griffin segreant gules, a crescent for difference. 

W m . Trafford, of Swythemley, Esqr. , cet. 47 an., 2 
Apr., 1663. 

170. Argent, ten trefoils slipped vert, a canton gules. Crest : 
Out of a mural coronet per pale argent and vert, an arm habited 
of the last holding a flag-staff or, thereon a flag per fessej of the 
first and second. 

Wm. Turton, of West Bromwich, cet. 36 an., a., 
1663.. 

* Should be Hadley. See Earl. MS., 1077, p. 61, and Visitation of 1583, in 
William Salt Library. 

t According to Blome's Britannia (1673), ' ' Dr. Benj. Thornbury " lived at Seighford. 
J Or, as the flag hangs, per pale. . 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 



55 



171. Same arms (without the canton) and crest. 
W m . Turton, of Alrewas, cet. 63 an.,= 
30 March, 1663. 



Wm. Turton, of Alrewas, cet. 26 an. 

172. Argent, a cross gules thereon four escallops or, a canton 
of the second. Crest : A demi lion rampant. . . This Canton 
&c. (sic). 

Edw. Villiers, of Hanbury, cet. 88 an., 
31 March, 1663. 



Tho., cet. 47 an. 

173. Argent, a buck's head cabossed sable, between the attires 
a plain cross of the last. " No Crest." 

Humphrey Vyse, of Staundon, cet. 67 ari.,= 
vel circa, 8 Apr., 1663. 



I 
Edw. [Andrew, in Harl. MS., 6104] Vyse, of= 

Walton, cet. 48 an. 



Jn. Vyse, cet. 23. 

174. A blank shield. 

Symon Unwyn,* of the Cloughhouse, cet. 44 an., 7 
Apr., 1663. No fee payed, no armes proved, 
therefore not entred. 



* The arms of Symon Unwyn are thus blazoned in the Harl. MS., 6104 : "B., a 
crescent arg. Int. 3 fleurs-de-lis or, in a Bordure eng r . of ye 2d." The pedigree there 
given states him to be the son of " Symon Unwyne, de Haurton, in Com. Wilts." 
He married "Barbara fil. Jo. Davenport," and had issue a son Symon " cet. 12, 
1663," and (it may be added) a daughter Hannah, aged 45 in 1704, married to 
Walter Noel, of Hilcot. At the Visitation of 1583, Thomas Unwyn, of Clough, 
entered and signed a pedigree wherein he is stated to be fifth in descent from 
John Unwyn, of Clough, second son of William Unwyn, of Chatterley, to which 
family the above arms are stated to have been " confirmed" in 1581 (24 Eliz.), 
But the Symon Unwyn who lived at the Clough House in 1663 was of a 
different family. He was descended from a family seated for several generations 
at Horton, Co. Wilts, of which a long pedigree (without arms) will be found in 
Berry's Hampshire Pedigrees, p. 59. See also Howard's Miscellanea, ii. (JO.) p. 
353, where is a pedigree (certified in 1704 by Cromp, York Herald) shewing the 



56. AKMS RECDKDED.AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4 

175. Argent, on a chevron, ringed at the point, between three 
crescents sable, two plates. , Crest : A greyhound passant argent, 
collared sable. 

Humphrey Walker, of Salt, out. 25 an., 8 Apr., 1663. 

176. A blank shield. To see for the Armes in last Visit. 

Clement Wakelin, of Tatenhill, cet. 44 an., 31 
March,. 16.63. 

177. A blank shield. 

Daniell Watson, of Burton-upon-Trent,= 
Steward of Litchfield. 



Daniell, cet. 6 an., 1663. 

178. Gules, four mullets in cross and a canton argent. Crest : 
On a ducal coronet a lion passant all argent. 

W m . We'gewood, of Harracles, Esq r ., cet. 28 an., 2. 
Apr., 1663. 

179. Quarterly, 1, Sable, a buck's head cabossed or ; 2, Argent, 
a fesse sable charged with a mullet or, in chief three lozenges of the 
second [^storij ; 3, Argent, a chief vaire or and gules, over all a 
bend sable [Fitzherbert] ; 4, Ermine (?) on a chief gules three bezants. 
Crest : [cannot be deciphered, but inscribed "a holly bush."*] 

Thomas Wellys, of Whorecrosse, Esq*., cet. 57 an., 
; 1 Apr., 1663. 

180. Azure, on a cross quarter-pierced or, four chevrons gules ; 
in the first quarter a trefoil slipped argent. Crest : Out of a 
ducal coronet gules, a denii " antelope " or, charged with a trefoil 
Clipped . . . 

Tho. Whitgreave, of Moseley, cet. 38 an., 1. Apr., 
1663. 

181. " The same without a trefoile : see in the last Visit." 



descent of the Noels, through tTnwin, from a sister of William Frost, one of the bene- 
factors of Corpus Chriati College, Oxford ; copied by the present writer from the 
original in the possession of Charles Perrott Noel, Esq. , of Bell Hall, Worcestershire, 
the representatives of the Noels of Hilcot. 
* In Earl. MS., 6104, the crest is " Six oaies T*., tied together with a garter gu." 



ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 57 

Tho. Whitgreave. of Bridgford, in Co. Staff., KX, act. 
37, 4 Apr., 1663. 

182. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Argent, a fesse cheeky gules and sable 
between three helmets azure ; 2, Per fesse or and azure, three piles 
issuant from the chief and as many from the base all counter- 
changed, for " Sharpclift ; " 3, . . . a fesse ... in chief 
four crosses crosslet fitch'de ... * On an escutcheon of pre- 
tence Argent, a fesse and in chief three lozenges sable [Aston]. 
Crest : A plume of two rows, one argent and the other azure, 
banded cheeky gules and sable. 

John Whitehall, of = Eliz.t sole da. and h. 

Parkehall, neere of "WX Aston, of 

Leeke, Esq r ., cat. Parkehall, in Co. 

39 an., 2 Apr., Staff., .... 

1663. [torn]. 

183. Quarterly, 1, Azure, on a chevron argent between three 
pheons or, as many crosses pattde gules ; 2, Argent, three boar's 
heads couped close sable, a chief indented of the last [JenJces] ; 3, 
Azure, a garb or between three bezants [Grosvenor]. Crest : A 
demi tiger supporting a pheon. Q. the colours ? 

| 1, Francis Wight wick, of Whitwick, an utter Bar. 
of the Inner Temple, cet. 45 an., 10 Apr., 1663. 
2, Jerikes. 3, Gfravenor. 

184. Argent, three bends wavy azure. On an escutcheon of 
pretence Per pale gules and azure, an eagle displayed or, within a 
bordure engrailed of the last [for Mitton]. Crest : A " wolfe's head 
[erased] prop." 

Sr. Tho. Wilbraham, = Eliz. da. and so. h. 

of Weston, B*. , to Edw. Mitton, 

at. 38 an., 23 of Weston sub- 

Sep., 1663. tus Lizard. 

185. Paly . . and . . . , on a chief . . . three 
lozenges ... Ex sigillo antique. Q. the colours ? 

* Query if intended for Hollyns who bore Argent, a chevron and in chief three 
crosses formee fitchee azure. See Sleigh's History of Leek, pp. 199, 211, 215. 

t Should be Frances. Ib. 210, 215. 

J " Humphrey Wightwyke, of Whitweke," was disclaimed in 1583. 

Paly of eight or and gules, on a chief argent three lozenges of the second. " The 
coate altered by S*. Edw. Walker ; and for y e 3 lozenges 3 roses gu." (Harl. MS., 
6104). 



58 ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 

Kich. Wilkes, of Wilenhall, cet. 76 an., 10 Apr., 
1663. 

186. Argent, three mullets pierced sable. Crest : Out of a 
mural coronet or, a demi griffin argent holding a mullet sable. 
John Wollaston, of Walshall, borne 5 May,= 
1617 ; ast. 46 an., 3 Apr., 1663. 



Tho., ast. 19 mi. 

187. Argent, a talbot passant gules. 

Sr. Charles Wolsley, of Wolsley, B*., ast. 33 an., 3 
Apr., 1663. 

188. Gules, a chevron between three " mallards " volant proper. 
No proof e made of the armes descended from Wolrich, of Dud- 
maston in Shropsh. 

Gorway Wolrich, of Coppice Hall, cet. 34 an., 30 
Aug., 1663. 

189. Sable, a fesse wavy humette'e between three wolf's heads 
erased sable. Crest : Under a tree proper, a " wolfe " statant or. 
No proofe made. 

Francis Wolveston, of Stotfold, cct. 34 an., ml circa, 
31 March, 1663. 

190. Sable, on a bend argent three fleurs-de-lis of the field. 
Crest : A wolf's head erased sable, collared or. No proofe made. 

James Wood, of Uttoxeter, cet. 45 an., 29 Apr., 
1664. 

191. Gules, a cross between twelve crosses crosslet or. Crest : 
In a ducal coronet or, a mount vert, issuant therefrom a cross, the 
ends pattee, gold. 

In glass at the church of Womburne, and painted antiently on 
the Seate there belonging to this family. 

Edw. Woodhouse, of the Woodhouse, in the parish 
of Womburne, cet. 40 an., 1664. 

192. Argent, a cross voided sable. Qy. the quartg. ? 

Jonathan Woodnath, of Eowcester, Esqr } cet. 46 
an., 2 Apr., 1663. 



DISCLAIMERS AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 59 

193. Or, three piles sable, a canton ermine. Crest : In a ducal 
coronet or, a boar's head ermine. 

S'. Walter Wrotsley, of Wrotsley, Bart, cut. 32 an., 
8 Apr., 1663. 

194. Per pale . . and . . , a bend engrailed. . . Crest : A 
leopard's face . . crowned . . No proofe made. 

Mathew Wright, of Frodswall, at. 45 an., 19 Oct., 
1664. 

195. Argent, three bugle-horns sable stringed vert. Crest : In 
a ducal coronet or, two wings endorsed argent. Motto : " A 
plesance." 

S r . John Wyrley, of Hampstead, knighted by K. 
Ch. the 1st, at Whitehall, 4 June, 1641 ; cat. . . 
an., 11 Apr., 1663. 

196. Azure, a cross pattee or, a canton argent. Crest : A 
martlet sable guttee d'or, in the beak a fleur-de-lis argent. 

Tho. Warde, of Shenston partie, cet. 33= 
an., a. 1664. 



I 
Wm,, cet. 28 an., (sic). 

[There is some mistake here. The pedigree, as given in Harl. 
MS., 6104, is as follows : 

Thorn. Ward, de . . .== 



Allexander= 



Thomas, cet. 33, 16d4= 

P 
Allexander, cet. 9, 1664] 

197. Or, an eagle displayed regardant sable. 

Philip Weston, of Eugeley, Eso/. , cet. 27 an., a. 
1664. 



CONCERNING THE FAMILY OF SKRIMSHIRE. 

[See No. 162.] 

The originall and paternall progenitor of ye descendants, as is to 
be proved by antient records, was that famous and renowned k*., 



60 ARMS RECORDED AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 

S r . Alexander Caron, standard bearer to Alexand', the first of that 
name, K. of Scotland ; which worthy gentleman being sent in the 
year 1100 by the King, his master, against a seditious crew of 
rebels that had long disturbed the quiet of the realme, made 
toward them with all possible expedition. How bee it the enemy, 
that was backt wtk sundry great barons and peeres of the realme, 
had assembled so huge an armie that the King's party in com- 
parison of them was but a few ; yet, nevertheless, S r . Alex., being 
no whit daunted wth theire multitude, gave so corragious and 
valiant an onset as he not only put y em to flight, but tooke many 
of them in ye chase and deprived yem o f life as y e J had deserved ; 
in so much as after this . . the realme continued in peace for 
many years. Wherefore he was highly rewarded at the King's 
hands, and at that time named Skrimgeour, that is to say, a hardy 
fighter, "\vhich name is vulgarly written Skrymshire, and the 
coate of armes of the said Alexander, which is still continued to 
posterity, viz., Gules, a lyon ramp, or, within a bordure varry ar. 
and b., he had then added to it for his crest A lyon ramp, holding a 
crooked sword, which being in use in those days was the fashion of 
ye sword Sr Alex, fought with all in that memorable victory uere the 
river of Spane. The first of the name that planted himselfe in Eng- 
land was Patrick Skrymgeour, or Shrymsher, a younger brother of 
the famyly, who attended David 2 d ., son of Edgar,* K. of Scotts at 
such time as he made his abode in the English Court wth Maude 
his sister, wife of Henry the 1st, K. of England ; which David 
espoused for wife the daughter of Waldofe, Earle of North' and 
Huntingdon, and in her right was Earle of North' and Huntingdon, 
and had issue Henry, by whome the Earldome was annexed to the 
Crowne of Scotland. The above-named Patrick Skrymshire, being 
highly in grace wth David, obtained by his meanes many large 
possessions in the north partes of this realme. 



* Edgar, King of Scotland, died without issue, David was his brother ; and they 
(as well as Alexander I. and Maud, or Matilda, wife of King Henry I.) were children 
of Malcolm III., King of Scotland. 



DISCLAIMERS AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 



61 



THE NAMES OF THE PARTICULAR PERSONS RESIDING WTH IN Y 
SEVERALL HUNDREDS IN STAFFORDSH., AS WERE DISCLAYMED AT 
YE PUBLIQUE ASSIZES HELDE AT STAFFORD, ULT. AUG., 1664. 



PIEEHILL HUNDEED. 



THE NORTH-EASTERN PART. 



Audley . . . . 
Acton-Trussell 

Amerton. . . . 

Baddiley. . . . 

Barlaston . . . 

Balterley . . . 

Burslem . . . . 

Clayton . . . . 

Cotwalton . . . 

Chatwall. . . . 

Darlaston . . . 

Fenton-Cul- 
vert . 



Forton 

Fenton- Vivian 

Hardwick . . . 
Hondford . 



Tho. Kelsall 
Fran. Dovy 
Jn. Swan 
J. Cookes 
| Tho. Turton 
( Tho. Procter 
Eich. Kelsell 
Balthazar Ben* 
Eich. Lovett 
Tho. Cotton 
W m . Adams 
Cooknidge (sic) 
Tho. Fenton 
Eich. Nichols 
Tho. Browne 
Eich. Lowe 
Eob*. Bagnall 
( James Launder 

< Tho. Launder 

( Tho. Bere . . . 

< Tho. Corbet 



Little Chell . . 

Longton .... 

Marston, juxta 

Stafford. . . 

May ford. . . . 

Milwich .... 
Mayre 



Newcastle- 
under-Line 

Oulton 

Sareley Greene 

Shelton . . . . 

Shelton in 
Penkhull. . 

Stone. . 



W m . Bourne 
Eich. Foley f 

Thomas Palmer 

J Tho. Daintrey 
< Ja. Biddulph 
Wm. Hurlbutt 
Eob. Picken 
| Eandle Lovett 
( Eich. Bradshaw 
Tho. Shelley 
Eobt. Porter 
Jn. Lovet 



Lovet 



Eowley, al's 
Turuhurst . 



( Eaph Smith 
( Tho. Challoner 

Wm. Eowley 



* "The family of Sell," says Mr. Ward, in his History of Sloke-upon- Trent (p. 
411), " attained some consideration in the middle of the seventeenth century; the 
then head of it was Balthazar Bell, gentleman, who was one of the overseers of the 
poor of Stoke in 1648, and was summoned at the Heralds' Visitation at Stafford in 
1664, to show by what right he claimed the distinction of bearing a coat of arms ; 
an honour he chose rather to disclaim than to incur the risk or expense of maintain- 
ing. " On what authority Mr. Ward ass-erts that Mr. Bell voluntarily disclaimed 
" the distinction of bearing a coat of arms " does not appear. 

t This Richard Foley was the eldest son of Richard Foley, of Stourbridgc, who was 
disclaimed at the Visitation of Worcestershire in 1634. The latter is generally stated 
to have been a native of Stourbridge, and the son of one Edward Foley of that place. 
But that is not the fact. He was the son of Richard Foley, of Dudley, where he was 
born, in 1580, and where he resided till about the year 1630, when he removed to 
Stourbridge. Notwithstanding his " disclaimer," Richard Foley, sen., sealed a deed 
(penes me) dated 1646, with the following arms : Argent, a fesse engrailed between three 
cinquefoils sable, a plain bordure of the last ; impaling (in right of his second wife, 
Alice, sister of George Briudley, of the Hyde, Kinver), Per pale or and sable, a chevron 



62 



DISCLAIMERS AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 



THE SOUTH-WEST PART. 



Bishton .... 


Eich. Baker 




'George Fowler 


Bromley-Hurst 


Wm. Alport 




Simon Fowler 


Chartley. . . . 


W m . Henworth 




Tho. Palmer 


"PpplpcTinll 


Eob. Boswell * 


Stafford .... 


John Wilson 


-I jl^UJLL^nilclll . . 


W m . Martin 




Edw. Wilson 


High Offley . . 


Eob. Ithellf 
Dutton Hill 




James Greene 
.Tho. Davenport 


Heywood . . . 


Edw. Cooke 


Sugnell .... 


Char. Bradock 


Paget's Brom- 
ley. . 


Tho. (Howard ?) 


Weston sup' 
Trent .... 


Eich. Squire 


Salt . 


Wm. Fox { 

TTr- -r* i 


Whitgreve. . . 


Eich. Wolrich 



SEISDON HUNDEED. 



Amblecott. . . George Gibbons 

TV, , ( John Tomkys 

Bilston j T , T> * 

< John Perry 

Codsall .... Eich. Sheldon 
Penne . W. Bache 



Eowley . 
Kinver. 



Tho. Groves 
Eich. Eussell 
Henry Haddonll 
Edw. Jordan || 
George Brindley** 
John Parrot 



between three escallops counterchanged. Richard Foley, of Longton, was baptized at 
Dudley, March 27th, 1608 ; he married Margaret Brindley, the sister of his father's 
second wife, and is stated to have subsequently married two other wives, but at the 
Worcestershire Visitation of 1682, he had no surviving male issue. 

* The arms borne by Bo&vile, of Eccleshall, as engraved in the margin of Plot's 
map were Argent, five lozenges in fesse gules, in chief three bear's heads erased sable 
muzzled of the field. " Robert Bosvile, Esq.," was a subscriber to Plot's work. 

t John Efhyll, of High Offley, was returned as ignoHUs at the Visitation of 1614. 

J Walter Foxe, of Salt, was ignobilis in 1614. 

The arms used by Grove, of Rowley-Regis, were : Argent, a chevron between 
three leaves vert, on a canton gules as many crescents of the field (M.I. at Aldridge). 

1T This family sealed with Argent, a human leg couped at the thigh and embowed 
azure. Crest : A cubit arm in armour holding an arrow. A variation of this coat 
has been recently granted to a descendant of the family. 

|| Jorden, of Dunsley, Kinver, sealed with Sable, an eagle displayed in bend 
between two cottises argent, a sinister canton or. The same arms are engraved for 
the family in the margin of Plot's map. 

** George Brindley, son of William Brindley of Willenhall, was an ironmaster at 
the "Hyde," Kinver, and a Justice of the Peace. In the Harl. MS., 2119, is a 
pedigree of the family, drawn up by Randle Holme in 1637, in which the descent is 
traced, or rather suggested, from the Brindleys of Wistaston, Co. Chester, who bore 
Per pale or and sable, a chevron between three escallops counterchanged. One of 
the family recorded a pedigree at the Visitation of London taken in 1633-4, but the 
arms were "respited." Dr. Wilkes, speaking of the Hyde, says : "Here was the 
first mill for rolling and splitting iron that was erected in England. One Brindley, 



DISCLAIMERS AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 



63 



j i J John Bradley, of 

Sedgley....j ' 



Oken Capt.Eog.Hick- 



man* 



| Tho. Doleman 



Tresell and 

Seisdon. . . 
Wolverhamp- ( W m . Pinson 

ton < Eog. Birch 



TOTMONSLOW HUNDEED. 



Bradnays . . . 
Cheadle-Eaves 
Coltsmbre . . . 
Finney Lane . 
Grendon. . . . 
Hillhouse . . . 
Ipstones . 


Mich. Nickins 
Eich.Mountford 
Mich. Nichole 
W m . Finney f 
Xpopher Turner 
Tho. Weston 
James Jenney 


Bagnoll .... 
Bradshaw, 
juxtaHoTton 
Butterton . . . 
Cauldon .... 
Cundon .... 
Colepit 


Mr. Murrell 
Mr. Eode 

Samp. Stubbs 
Jn. Finney 
Tho. Leake 
Francis Finney 


Evaston .... 
Leeke 


Tho. Wood 
Tho Jodrellt 


Lynehouse, 
juxtd Horton 


J n . Leake 











whose posterity enjoyed it till about twenty years ago, went into Germany, there 
acted the part of a fool, and from thence brought this excellent machine, which has 
been so serviceable, and has brought so much money to this country. " Kichard 
Foley, who married George Brindley's sister, is generally said to be the hero of this 
story. 

* On 1st February, 1708, Nathan Hickman, of Oken, had a grant of the following 
arms to him and his descendants, and the descendants of his grandfather Richard 
Hickman, of the same place : Per pale indented or and azure, two fleurs-de-lis in 
fesse counterchanged. Crest : A spaniel dog couchant argent, spotted sable, collared 
gules. (Add. MS., B.M., 14831.) 

t An obituary notice of a Mrs. Sarah Fynney, in the Gentleman's Magazine for 
1781, gave rise to an angry correspondence in that venerable periodical. The lady 
in question was described as the widow of Samuel Fynney, of Fynney, in the county 
of Stafford, Esq., "who was descended by the greatest line by birth from John 
Baron Fenis, kinsman to "William the Conqueror." In the next magazine, a corres- 
pondent wrote that he had searched the College of Arms "expecting a great fund of 
entertainment from the perusal of the genealogy of so eminent a family," but to his 
surprise he could there find ".no trace of either name or arms." This elicited a re- 
joinder from some member of the family, who asserted that the Fynneys were a branch 
of the great house of Fiennes ; their immediate ancestor being William, a younger 
brother of Thomas Fiennes, Lord Dacre. This William, it is stated, " inherited the 
Fynney estate in Staffordshire," and died in 1584, having had (with other issue) a 
son, William Fynney. " who was seated at Cannock orCanke." The whole pedigree 
will be found in Mr. Sleigh's History of Leek, p. 101 et seq., but it is right to add 
that that gentleman does not vouch for the authenticity of the genealogy ; he merely 
states that it is copied from ' ' Jacob's Peerage, the Gentleman's Magazine, and other 
sources." How is this illustrious descent to be reconciled with the facts that 
"William Fynney, of Canke," was disclaimed by Glover, at Stafford, on 21st Aug., 
1583; that another William Fynney, also of "Canke," is described as ignobilis in 
the list of persons summoned to appear at the Visitation of 1614; and that three 
members of the same family were disclaimed by Dugdale in 1664 ? 

The arms engraved in Plot's map for Jodrell, of Moorhouse, Leek, are Sable, three 
buckles argent. 



64 DISCLAIMERS AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 


Narrow-dale . 


John Bagshaw 


Longner. . . . 


Geo. Goodwin 


Oncot, juxta 
Alton .... 


I Tho Sutton 
! Wm. Bagnall 


Eushton. . . . 


, Tho. Hickin- 
bothom * 


Park-helme . . 


Eich. Heath 


Stanshope. . . 


Phil. Jackson-f- 




f Peter Lightfoot 


Stanley .... 


Jn. Fearnihogh 


| Dan. Spateman 
Uttoxeter . . .-j Wm. Gilbert 
j George Bowyer 


Winyates, 
Leeke-Frith 


John Brough % 




[George Butler 






OFFLOW HUNDEED. 




THE SOUTH PART. 




Aldritch ! Eaph I)eve11 
' ' John Harrison 


Hamerwich . . 
Hints 


W m . Heath 
John Devell 


Calingwood . . 


Hen. Mil ward 


Pelshall .... 


Eob. Orme 


Delves 


W m . Smalewood 


Eushall and 


i John Birch 


Drayton-Bas- 
set 


W m . Pretty 


Goscote . . . 
Tipton 


' Tho. Woorsey 
Edw. Nitingale 


Dunstall. . . . 


Jn. Bott S 




Hen. Stone 


Great Barr and ( J n . Freeman 
Aldrich . . . I Tho. Addes 


Walshall, 

Tl 1 


Tho. Shepheard 
W m . Smith 




W m . Piddock 


Burrough. . 


George Hill 


Handsworth. . 


Eich. Smallbroke 


l^Tho. Ball 




Hen. Cookes 1 


Walshall, 


Jn. Hawkes, of 


Great Blox- 
wich 


Eich. Parker 


Forreine . . 
Wednesfield. . 


Shelfield 
Walt. Lane 


f W". Hunt 


Wednesbury . 


Josiah Freeman 


Harbourn and^ 
Smethwick . . 


W m . Birch 
Tho. Parker 
Mr. Eawton 


West Brom- 
wich and 
Sandwell. . 


Tho. Jesson 


^Tho. Mil ward 


Willenhall . . 


Jn. Tunkys 



* John Higginbotliam, of Rushton, was disclaimed in 1583. 

t Jackson, of Stansop, bore, according to Plot's map, Argent, a lion passant gules, 
on a chief of the last three battle-axes of the first. 

J Burgh, of Winyates, bore Argent, on a saltire sable five swans proper. (Plot. ) 

Bott, of Dunstall, Or, a chevron ermine between three mullets pierced sable. 
(Plot's map. ) 

II This family entered a pedigree at the Visitation of Warwickshire taken in 1682, 
and claimed to bear a cJuvron between three attires of a stag, which, being the coat 
of Cocks, of Worcestershire, was not allowed. At the date of this Visitation Henry 
Cookes, of Handsworth, was dead, s.p., and the line was carried on by his brother, 
John Cookes, of Harbury, Co. Warwick. 



DISCLAIMERS AT THE VISITATION OF 1663-4. 
THE NORTH PART. 



65 



Ashenbrooke . Hen. Sprott* 
Eichd. Bull 


Handsaker . 


( Edw. Wescote 
' ( Mr. Bayley 




W m . Holland, 


Longdon. . . 


Jn. Sneade 


Barton -under- 


senior 


Marchin^ton 


. Jn. Gilbert 


Needwood . 


Wm. Holland, 
junr. 


Pipe cu' 
membris. . 


| Wm. Hamersley 

*. ml T\ T 



Burton sup' 
- Trent . . . 

Farewell. . . 
Fradley . . . 



( John Cox 

Q. if his son be 
( of Stapenhill ? 

Mr. Briscow 
( Humph. Gilbert 
<Jn. Allen 



[Tho. Eodes 



Tamworth 

tn< ' ' 



Ric ' E gg inton 



Tamhorne. . 
Wiggington . 



Tho. Gilbert 
Walt. Ashmore 
Walt. Astley 
Jn. Darlaston 



CUDLESTON HUNDEED. 



Butterton . . . 


I Francis Dovy 
( Humphrey Kel- 


Hatherton. . 
Lynehill. . . 

Penkridge. . 


. J u . Nickyns 
. Jn. Fletcher 
\ Eob. Phillips 
i Wm. Southill 


Brockton . . . 
Brewood. . . . 


Walter Brindley 
\ Tho. Staunton 
i Tho. James 


Eobaston . . 
Meere and 
Forton . . 


. Jn. Eggmgton-f- 
| Eich. Lowe 


Burton and 
Eichardscote 


| Eich. Wilson 


SardonMagr 


( Tho. Kempson 

L i 
' JVJ.1C11. ^N ICivlllS 


Cowley . . . . 
Chillington . . 
Gnowsall . . . 


Jn. Fowke 

W. Smith 
W m . Adams 


Eugeley . . . 


i Tho. Launder 
. 3 Eob. Everard 
( Eich. Persell 



* " Edward Spratt, of Ashineerbroke," was disclaimed in 1583. 
t John Egginton, of " Roberson," was disclaimed in 1583. 
Y 



THE MANOR & PARISH OF BLYMHILL 



(Continued from Vol. L, page 384). 



ERKATA 

VOL. I. 

Page 292, line 33, leave out the comma at the end of the line. 
' 293, line 1, for heiress read coheiress. 

the last three full lines are defective ; for remembrancer 

read remembrancer's ; for 1 read 19 ; and for Newp 
read Newport. 

295, line 14, /or 1250 read 1259. 
298, note, last line but 10 insert inq. before 4 Edw. III. 

last line but one, before Nomina insert the reference 

number 6. 
301, last line but 5, at the end of the line, instead of full 

stop read comma. 

304, note, for Ormerod read Ormerod's. 
313, line 14, for 1826 read 1256. 

326, Lane Pedigree, 2nd portion, line 1, for Margaret read 
Catherine, and in last line but 2, for Tho 3 . Amler read 
John Amler. 

329, instead of lines 23, 24 read, His Majesty likewise 
acknowledged the services of her brother Colonel 
John Lane, of Beutley, by settling a pension of 500 
per annum upon him for life, and further honoured 
his memory after his death by a grant of augmentation 
of &c. 

334, line 35, for 1332 read 1339. 
383, note, line 6, for 1487 read 1486. 
. II. 
Page 78, line 17, for 1680 read 1630. 



THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 69 

I suppose this Eleanor to have been the second wife of Sir 
Thomas Harcourt, Knight, son of Sir Thomas, and grandson of Sir 
William Harcourt, Knights, and ancestor by his first wife of the 
extinct Earls Harcourt ; and I suppose her to have been the 
daughter of Sir Boger Lewknor, Knight, the son of Joane D'Oyley 
(heiress of Eaunton), and the sister of Sir Thomas Lewknor, 
who carried on the line. Her son, John Harcourt, will have 
inherited Eaunton, and probably other Harcourt estates in Staf- 
fordshire, by virtue of a fine levied by her nephew. Sir Eoger 
Lewknor, the son of Sir Thomas, in 13 Edw. IV. (1473), whereby 
he settled the Manor of Eaunton on (his cousin) John Harcourt, 
Esq. 

John Harcourt, of Eaunton, Co. Stafford, Esq., the son of Eleanor, 
who thus succeeded to Eaunton, Wiverston, and, as I suppose, also 
a share of the manor of Blymhill, presented to the church of 
Blymhill, in conjunction with others, in 1485. 



By virtue of this entail the manor of Raunton will have devolved on Sir Roger Lewknor 
the son of Joane D'Oyley. This Roger Lewknor, who resided at Bradhurst, Co. 
Sussex, married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Carew, of Molesford, Co. Bucks, 
Knight, and died in 1401. Their eldest son, Thomas Lewknor, was then 19 years of 
age. They had also a younger son, John, from whom the Lewknors of Acrise, Co. 
Kent, were descended, and I suppose Eleanor Harcourt to have been the daughter 
of the same Sir Roger. Sir Thomas Lewknor, the eldest son, was, in 1403, found heir, 
through his grandmother, Joane D'Oyley, to the extensive estates of the Tregoze 
family, at Goring, Co. Sussex, and elsewhere in that county, and removed his seat to 
Goring. He was thrice married, first to Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Carew, of 
Beddington, Co. Surrey, by whom he had no issue ; secondly to Phelippa, relict of 
Sir Richard Berners, and daughter and eventual heiress of Walter Dalyngrigge, son 
of Sir Roger Dalyngrigge, of Bodeham Castle, Co. Sussex, Knight. His last wife, 
Catherine, survived him, and her inquisition p.m. was held in 21 Edw. IV. Sir Thomas 
Lewknor left six sons, between whom his large estates were divided. The eldest son, 
Sir Roger Lewknor, however, succeeded to Stoke D'Oyley and the principal estates, and 
died in 1475, leaving six sons and three daughters, of whom Thomas, the eldest son, 
succeeded to Stoke D'Oyley. In the meantime the manor of Raunton, after the death 
of John de Knightley, who held it for life, appears to have been given by Roger 
Lewknor (the son of Joane D'Oyley) to his kinsman, Thomas D'Oyley, heir male .of 
the D'Oyleys, to support his dignity ; and with him and his issue it remained, by 
favour of the Lewknors, for several years, until John D'Oyley, Esq., the son of 
Edward and grandson of the said Thomas D'Oyley, having inherited, through his 
mother, considerable estates in Suffolk and removing to that county, Sir Roger 
Lewknor (son of Sir Thomas), in whom the reversion was vested, determined that 
after John D'Oyley's death it should return to his own family. Accordingly . a fine 
was levied of Raunton manor (Fed. Fin., 13 Edw. IV.) whereby it was arranged that 
after John D'Oyley's death it should pass to John Harcourt, Esq., a younger son of 
the house of Staunton Harcourt, and grandson maternally of (the elder) Sir Roger 
Lewknor (House of D'Oyley, p. 100). 
Z 



70 THE MANOR AND PAEISH OF BLYMHILL. 

He is said to have married Margaret Bracy, 1 by whom he 
had a son, Thomas. The said Thomas Harcourt, of Eaunton, Esq., 
died Feb. 20th, 1487. He held the Vill of Eaunton, the manor of 
Milnemeese, and lands, &c., in Worseton and Ellnall of Simon 
Harcourt, Esq., lands and tenements in Epanhall, Harkedon Hill, 
Durslow, and Eccleshall of the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, 
a messuage in Bussecote of Thomas Willoughby, Lord de Broke, 
by the service of fealty and the payment of a rent of 6s., of which 
the annual value is 30s., lands &c., in Horseley, of the Eector of 
Eccleshall, lands in Willabrig, of ... Corbet, and divers lands 
and tenements in Covyn, Blymhall, and Chorleton, of Elen Brigg, 2 
widow, by fealty and a rent of Id., of which the annual value is 
40s. John Harecourt is his son and heir, aged 23 at the date of 
the inquisition, which was taken on October 12th, 1487. 8 The 
said Thomas Harcourt married Isabel, daughter of Hugh Egerton, 
of Wrinehill, Esq., and had by her two sons, namely John, who 
succeeded him at Eaunton, and Eichard Harcourt, of Church Eaton, 
in the County of Stafford, whose son, Walter Harcourt, was of 
Tamworth in 1583, where he was buried 8th January, 1598. 
Walter Harcourt married Mary, daughter of Humphrey Comber- 
ford, by whom he had a son, Edward, buried at Tamworth 4th 
September, 1609, where this branch of the family remained in 
decay a little longer.* 

John Harcourt, of Eaunton, Esq., the elder son of Thomas, occurs 
as one of the joint patrons of Blymhill Church in 1544." He 
married Ann (or Joan) daughter of Sir Eandle Brereton, of Malpas, 
Knight, by whom he had Eobert, Simon, and several other children. 

Eobert Harcourt, of Eaunton, Esq., the elder son, married a 
daughter of ... Scryven,' of Shropshire, but died without 



1 She is called the daughter of William Bracy, of Pembridge, Co. Hereford, in the 
Herald's Visitation, as also in a pedigree given by Nichols in his History of Leicester- 
shire (Vol. IV., p. 1025) but in a note to Vol. IV., p. 519,* he says : " By a record, 
given by Chetwyud, (p. 274, of Mich. 28 Hen. VI., Co. Bane. rot. 451,) compared 
with Erdeswick (art. Gayton) this Margaret seems to have been the daughter and 
coheir of William Burley, of Bromscroft, Co. Salop, and relict of Bracy." 2 I am 
unable to account for the tenure of Coven and Blymhill by Elen Brigg, widow, 
in 1487. There is no mention of any inesue lord between the Harcourts and 
Staffords in the inquisition of 1560. s Inq. p.m., 3 Hen. VII., No. 114. 
* Nichols' Leicestershire, Vol. IV., p. 520.* 6 The Rector was admitted on the 
presentation of William Stanford, and Thomas Shedulton, clerk, by the concession 
of Edward Mytton, of Weston-under-Lyziard, John Lane, of Hyde, John Harecourt, 
of Raunton, and James Moreton, of Turnehill, Esquires, rightful patrons for this 
turn. . 



e2 



K 



. 



s ^ '" g 





c 


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THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 71 

legitimate issue. At the inquisition taken after his death, which 
was held 2nd January, 2 Eliz. (1560), it was found that a certain 
John Harecourt, Esq., father of the Robert Harecourt named in 
the Queen's writ, was seized (inter aliis) of and in the manors of 
Bessecote, Milne, and Ronton, in the County of Stafford, as also 
of certain lands and tenements in Blymghyll, in the same County, 
which last were held of the Lord Stafford by fealty and a rent of 
Is. per annum, and were of the annual value of thirteen shillings 
and fourpence. Robert was the son and heir male of the said John 
Harecourt. The said Robert died at Fawesley, in the County of 
Northampton, 20th June, 5 Phil, and Mary (1558). Simon, son of 
the aforesaid John Harecourt, is brother and nearest heir of Robert, 
and is now thirty-four years of age and more. 1 The said Robert 
died, as has been stated without lawful issue, but he had several 
illegitimate children to whom he bequeathed his estates, including 
those at Blymhill, and Coven. 

His will was disputed by his brother, Simon Harcourt, but un- 
successfully, as appears by the following record of proceedings in 
chancery, in the time of Queen Elizabeth, between George Vyes, 
plaintiff, and Cassandra Cook, executrix of the will of Robert Har- 
iourt, defendant, for performance of agreement: "Premisses, Robert 

[arcourt being seized of the manors of Ronton and Freeford, and 
)f lands, tenements, and hereditaments in Ronton, Ecclesal, Crox- 

m,Elnall, Blymhill, Coven,Whittington, Freforde, Morfall,Longdon, 
md Stretehaye, in the County of Stafford, and in the City of 

jichfield, and of other lands, &c., in the County of Warwick, 
devised the same by his will, or most part thereof, to the defendant 
for her life, with remainder to her children, illegitimately born and 
begotten between them, upon which Simon Harcourt, wishing to 
overthrow the said will, prosecuted divers long and tedious suits 
against her ; when she applied to the plaintiff to undertake her 
defence and get the will established, promising him a lease of part 
of the said estates. The plaintiff established the said will, and the 
defendant refuses to perform her agreement." * 

It is stated in a Chetwynd MS., written in 1680 and now in the 
Salt Library at Stafford, as some excuse for this licentious life and 
shameful alienation of the family estates, that Robert Harcourt 
married his wife only in obedience to his _ father's commands and 
with great aversion, being before engaged, both by his promise 

1 Inq. p.m. 2 Eliz. 1. ps., No. 132. 2 Proceedings in Chancery, temp. Q. Eliz., 
foL III., p. 199. 



72 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

and affections, to Cassandra Cook. The controversy concerning the 
inheritance of his estates was carried on for many years, and 
finally -determined by the award and arbitrement of John Grey, of 
Enville, and Eobert Harcourt, of Eonton Abbey, Esquires, by 
which it was settled that all the tenements of which the said 
Kobert died seized in Grendon, Dorden, Whittington, and Waverton 
in the county of Warwick (which, together with the manor of 
Freeford and certain messuages and tenements in Lichfield, and 
in Serle and Lullington, in the counties of Derby and Leicester, 
came to the Harcourts through Margaret Bracy), should go to 
Michael Ludford, of Wetherley, co. Leicester, Esqr } and Elizabeth 
his wife (the daughter and heiress of Simon Harcourt) and their 
heirs, and all the lands in Staffordshire, which included Eaunton, 
Seighford, Milnmeese, Bessecote, Blymhill, and Coven, should 
descend to John Harcourt and his heirs male lawfully begotten, 
and for want of such issue to his younger brothers successively 
in like manner. 

John Harcourt, who was the eldest son of Eobert Harcourt by 
Cassandra Cook, accordingly succeeded to these estates. He was of 
Eaunton in 1583, and was then married to Margaret, daughter of 
Anthony Gibson, of Eidgeley, Co. Stafford, by whom he had a son, 
Humphrey, then 16 years of age, and three daughters. 1 

By indenture, made 20th December, 29 Eliz. (1586), between 
John Harecourt, of Eonton Hall, Co. Stafford, Esq r ., of one part and 
Walter Giffard, of High On, Co, Stafford, Esq r ., of the other part, 
the said John Harecourt sells to the said Walter Giffard all that 
his manor, messuage, or farm at Blymhill, in the aforesaid County, 
wherein one William Eutter now dwelleth, and all and singular the 
lands, grounds, meadows, leasowes, pastures, fishings, realties, court 
barons, leets, views of frank pledges, franchises, liberties, privileges 
and warrens, and all issues, &c., whatsoever of him the said John 
Harecourt in Bryneton and Blymhill, or in either of them, together 
wich the advowson, donation, presentation, right of patronage and 
free disposition of the Eectory, church or parsonage of Blymhill 
aforesaid. 2 To secure this purchase a fine was levied in the Queen's 
Court at Westminster, in the octave of St. Hillary, 29 Eliz. (1587), 
between Walter Giffard, Esqr. , plaintiff, and John Harecourt, Esqr., 
and Margaret his wife, and Eobert Harecourt, gent., deforciants, 
concerning one messuage, 100 acres of land, 12 acres of meadow 

1 Vincent's Collections for Staffordshire at the Heralds' College. 2 Bradford 
Evidences. 





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THE MANOK AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 73 

and 16 acres of pasture, with the appurtenances in Blymhill and 
Bryneton and the advowson of the Church of Blymhill ; whence 
was plea of convention. 1 

Walter Giffard, of High Onn, Esqr , who was thus for a short 
time in possession of the Harcourt's share of Blymhill, was, 
doubtless, the eldest son and heir apparent of John .Giffard, of 
Chillington, co. Stafford, Esqr., who died at an advanced age in 
1612, when Chillington and the other family estates descended to 
the said Walter. This Walter Giffard died in 1632, leaving by his 
wife Philippa, the daughter and co-heiress of Edward White, of 
South Warnborough, co. Hants., an elder son, Peter Giffard, Esq r ., 
from whom Walter Giffard, Esq r ., the present Squire of Chilling- 
ton, is descended. 

In the meantime, namely, on January 6th, 33 Eliz. (1591),Walter 
Giffard, of High On, Esq r ., sells to John Mitton, of Weston, 
Esqr., all that his manor, messuage, or ferme in Blymhill wherein 
William Rutter now dwelleth, with the advowson of the church, 
&c. (as before), excepting only one grant of the next advowson of 
the said patronage, heretofore made by the said Walter and others, 
and the chief rents and services due to the chief Lords of the fee. 8 
From this time forward the Harcourt-Wyverston portion of the 
manor and advowson of the church will have passed with the Park 
or De Weston portion, so that when the Pendeford or Hyde portion 
was afterwards purchased from the Dickensons, in 1766, by the 
heirs of the said John Mytton, either the whole or five sixths of 
Coven's share became reunited in the tenure of the Earl of Bradford. 

It is not improbable, however, from the fact that Moreton had 
apparently a joint share with Harcourt in presenting to the church 
of Blymhill in 1485, and again in 1544, that the Wyverston share 
may have been at one time divided into two. 

By indentures, dated on Wednesday, the feast of St. Michael, 30 
Henry VI. (Sept. 29th, 1451), Robert Pakenham, Esqr., and Mar- 
garet his wife, of Shropham, in the County of Norfolk, conceded 
and to farm demised to Geoffrey Midilton, of Chatirlee, in the 
County of Stafford, yeoman, one manor called Wyverston and 
another manor called Bescote, with all the lands and tenements, 
fields, meadows, pastures, woods, rents and services, and all other 
commodities and appurtenances to the aforesaid manors belonging, 
in the said County of Stafford, excepting the advowson of the 
. church of Blomenhull, courts, reliefs, heriots, homages, escheats, 

1 & 9 Bradford Evidences. 



74 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

trees, and underwood there to the aforesaid Robert and Margaret 
reserved, save so much of the timber growing within the wood of 
the said manor of Bescote as shall be reasonably sufficient for the 
repairs of the houses, enclosures, mills, and tenements of the afore- 
said manors, reserving to the same Robert and Margaret, their 
assigns and servants, a free ingress and egress to and from the 
trees and underwood there growing, to cut down and carry away at 
their will, save so much of the said underwood as shall be reason- 
ably sufficient for the of the aforesaid Geoffrey 

for the prescribed term ; to have and to hold to the said Geoffrey 
for a term of ten years, at an annual rent of ten marks. The 
tenant is bound to do the repairs at his own expense. 1 

This Robert Pakenham, of Shropham, Esq., was the son of Henry 
de Packenham, who inherited Shropham from his mother Agnes, 
sister and coheir of Henry le Breton, Lord of Shropham in 1367. 
The said Henry de Pakenham died in 1445, leaving Robert his son 
and heir, then 30 years of age. 2 The said Robert Pakenham died 
in 1463, and was buried, according to his will, in the chapel of St. 
Catherine, at the east end of the north isle of St. Peter's Church in 
Shropham ; he gave his horse to the priest for his mortuary ; to 
the high altar 3s. 4d. ; to repair the church 6s. 8d. ; and to repair 
St. Andrew's 3s. 4d. ; he gave the manor of Shropham (Co. Nor- 
folk) to Henry his son, and gave to Margaret his wife for her life 
the manor of Garboldesham (Co. Norfolk, which had been settled 
upon him by his cousin, Henry Pakenham, who had also assigned 
to Margaret a life interest therein), with all his manors in Stafford- 
shire ; he ordered 200 marks to be paid out of Pakenham's manor 
(in Shropham) to his daughter Margery, and would have a trental 
celebrated for his soul after his death. z His son, Henry Pakenham, 
died seized, in 1495, of the manors of Shropham and Honyng, in 
the County of Norfolk, and of divers free tenements and lands in 
Honyng, North Walsham, Worsted, Crostweyth, and Witton, called 
Drake's, Wale's, and Lombe's. He left two daughters, his coheirs, 
of whom Elizabeth married John Sturges, senior, and having in- 
herited one moiety of the manor of Shropham, purchased the other 



1 Stafford MS. (Cartulary) penes Lord Bagot. 2 Blomefield's History of Norfolk, 
Vol. I., p. 456. 3 Ibid, autograph penes Blomefield. Henry Pakenham had settled 
his manor, called Ladies' manor in Rockland Tofts, on his wife Elizabeth, who had 
been the wife of Sir Ralph Bigot, Knight. She took to her third husband, Thomas 
Manning, to whom, by her will, dated in 1463, she left Ladies' manor with all her 
manors and lands in Great Elingharn and Attleburgh. 



THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 75 

moiety from her sister, Anne Dobbes, to whom she sold her moiety 
of Garboldesham. In 1529, John Sturges, senior, of Cranworth, 
and Elizabeth, his wife, levied a fine of the manor of Pakenham's, 
otherwise called Breton's, to Humfrey Wingfield, in trust ; and in 
1533, Sturges had licence to alien it to Nicholas Sywhat and his 
heirs. 1 Anne, the other daughter of Henry Packenham, married 
John Dobbes or Dowbes, of Garboldesham, Esq r ., who was Lord of 
Pakenham's manor in Garboldesham in 1526. He left an only 
daughter, Anne, married to Sir William Barwick, who was knighted 
by King James, May 30th, 1604, and they sold- Pakenham's. manor 
in 1607. 2 

Whether these daughters of Henry Pakenham, or either of them, 
inherited any interest in Blymhill, or whether the Staffordshire 
manors bequeathed to Margaret Pakenham by her husband, in 
1463, were alienated by their father or their grandmother, Margaret, 
I am unable to say ; but it is not improbable that Pakenham's 
interest in Blymhill was that which was in possession of the 
Moretons in 1485. These Moretons, who seem to have shared with 
the Harcourts a fractional right to present to the church in Coven's 
turn, were represented by a James Moreton in 1485, and by James 
Moreton, of Turnehill, Esq r ., in 1544. 

I believe them to have been the same with the Moretons, of More- 
ton and Wilbrighton, in the County of Stafford, who were, descended, 
as I suppose, from that Hemming de Moreton who held Moreton under 
William Fitzalan in 1166, 3 Of this family, John de Moreton was Lord 
of Moreton in 9 Edw. II. (1315-16),* and his son Edmund acquired 
the forfeited estate of Archibald Douglas in Wilbrighton, which 
was conceded to him by the King in 4 Edw. III. 5 This Edmund 
de Moreton died in 1341. The writ of diem dausit extremum was 
issued on the 26th of October in that year, and the inquisition 
was held at Wylbrytton on 6th November following (Adam de 
Moreton being the foreman of the jury). It was found that he 
held in demesne as of fee one messuage, half a virgate of land, a 
certain wood, and one vivary at Wylbrytton, of the King in capite, 
by the service of 20s. a year, to be rendered to the King's 
Exchequer by the hand of the Sheriff of Staffordshire ; the aforesaid 
tenements were worth nothing a year beyond the service aforesaid, 



1 Blomefield's Norfolk, Vol. I., p. 456. 2 Ibid. p. 256. 3 See Collections for 
Staffordshire, Vol. I., p. 214. * Erdeswick, p. 175 ; Returns of the lords of 
townships, &c., for military service, ordered in the Parliament at Lincoln, 9 Edw. 
II. (Harl. MSS., 2195, 4219). 6 Pedigree inter Hadfield's MSS. 



76 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. . 

because the said tenements were not wont to pay more than 16s. by 
the year until the said Edmund took them at 4s. a year more, and 
there are no profits there, and the said land is uncultivated and in 
common, and the buildings are ruinous. The same Edmund held 
also one messuage and half a virgate of land, with the appurten- 
ances in Woodcote. of Master Henry de Percy, by the service of 
40d. a year, the messuage being worth 12d., and the half virgate of 
land worth 40d. and no more, because the land is poor and sandy. 
John de Moreton is his son and heir, and he was 26 years of age 
at the Nativity of St. John the Baptist last past (June 24th); 1 which 
John did homage for his lands in Wilbrighton in the same year. 2 

The next of the same family I meet with is James de Moreton, 
who, according to a pedigree in a Hadfield MS., was Lord of 
Moreton and Wilbrighton, and the inquisition after whose death 
was taken in 1 Hen. V. (1413-14). 8 He left a son and heir, but I 
have not discovered his name nor that of his immediate successors. 

I suppose that the James Moreton who presented to Blym- 
hill in 1485, was the then representative of the Moretons of 
Moreton and "Wilbrighton. 

Another James Moreton seems to have been the chief of the 
family, 28th October, 1527,when John Cotes was found by inquisition 
to have held certain lands and rents of him in Wilbrighton, which 
were valued at 40s. 6 This last James Moreton, whom I take to 
have been the James Moreton, of Turnehill, Esq., who presented 
to Blymhill as one of the joint patrons in 1544, was the eldest son 
and heir of Matthew Moreton, of Moreton and Wilbrighton, Esqr., 
(who was living in 1504), by his wife Isabel, daughter of Eobert 
Knightley, of Engleton. 6 James Moreton died before 1566, leaving, 
by his wife Jane, daughter of .... Doone (or Done), of 

1 Inq., 15 Edw. III., No. 16. a s & * Pedigree in a Hadfield's MS. 6 Abbrev. 
Inq., 19 Hen. VIII. , No. 114 (Salt's MSS). In 1559 it was found that 
Richard Wilbraham, Esq., died seized (in'er aliis) of lands, rents, &c., in Wil- 
brighton, which he held of Francis Moreton. (Abb. Inq., p.m., 1 Eliz., No. 176.) 
He was probably a younger son of Matthew Moreton, of Moreton and Wilbrighton. 
Mr. Parkes, in a pedigree of the Moretons, which he gives in his History of Brewood, 
gives a second son of that name . He probably died s.p. which would account for 
Thomas Moreton, there called third son, being called second son in a later inquisi- 
tion, which will be quoted hereafter. 6 Parkes' History of Brewood. lam inclined 
to think that it was by this marriage that the Moretons acquired the property at 
Engleton, and not by a marriage with an Engleton as conjectured by Shaw and 
others ; for they did not hold the manor of Engleton, and part of their lands in 
Engleton were called Knightley's lands. This property went to Thomas, a younger 
son of Matthew Engleton and Isabel Knightley, whose grandson eventually succeeded 
to the representation of the family. 



THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 77 

Flaxyards, co. Chester, a son, Thomas Moreton, Esq r ., who appears 
as chief Lord of Wilbrighton 20th March, 1559, when Elinor 
Basset, widow, late wife of William Basset, and formerly wife of 
John Cotes, Esq r ., was found to have held certain lands and tene- 
ments of him there, of the value of 8s. a year. 1 Thomas Moreton, 
Esq r ., died 10th June, 1582. He held five messuages in Moreton 
of Sir Eowland Heyward, Knight, as of his manor of Clun for the 
fourth part of a knight's fee, one capital messuage, two other mes- 
suages, and two cottages in Wilbrighton, of the Baron of Stafford, 
one messuage in Coton, of Thomas Knightley, Esqn, one messuage 
and 2d. of rent in Blimhill and Brinton, of the Baron of Stafford, 
two messuages and 27s. of rent in Apeton, of Thomas Knightley, 
and divers messuages in Church Eyton and Wood Eyton, of the 
Baron of Stafford, by knight's service ; he held, also, divers 
messuages, &c., in Whithall, and . , . . in Co. Salop, of the 
Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, by knight's service. 2 Adam, his 
son and heir, was then 28 years of age. 

The said Adam Moreton, gent., died 3rd March, 1614-15, seized 
of Moreton manor, five messuages, 590 acres of land, &c., in Moreton 
of the Lord of Clun, and five messuages, three cottages, and 1,200 
acres of land in Wilbrighton, of the Baron of Stafford, by knight's 
service. Edward Moreton, gent., son of Matthew Moreton, gent., 
son of Thomas, second son of Matthew Moreton, Esq r ., great grand- 
father of the said Adam, was found to be his cousin and heir, aged 
62. 8 

Thomas Moreton, the grandfather of this Edward, who was found 
heir to his cousin Adam, was of Engleton. He died in 1558, having 
married Margery, daughter of .... Shepherd, of Oakley, Co. 
Stafford, by whom he had, with an elder son John, who died without 
issue during his father's lifetime, a son and heir, Matthew Moreton, 
of Engleton, gent., who married Alice, daughter and heir of Thomas 
Dickens, by whom he had a son, Edward.* Matthew Moreton, died 
10th August, 1582, leaving Edward, his son and heir, then 30 years 
of age. He held of the Queen in capite divers lands and pastures 

1 Cal. Inq., p.m., 1 Eliz., No. 180 (Salt's MSS.). 2 Abbrev. luq., p.m., 24 Elk. 
(Salt's MSS.) It is observable that Wilbrighton is here found to be held of the 
Barou of Stafford, whereas it was originally held by the Moretons of the King in 
capite. The tenure of lands in Blymhill and Brineton is, I think, sufficient to 
identifiy this family with the Moretons who formerly presented to the church. 
8 Abb. Inq., 12 Jac. (Salt's MSS). Parkes assigns to Adam Moreton, a daughter 
Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Littleton, but the inquisition proves that he had no 
legitimate surviving issue at the time of his death. * Parkes' History of Brewood. 



78 THE MANOK AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

called the fields, the moor, &c., which had formerly belonged to the 
monastery of the Black Nuns ; he held also divers lands, &c., in 
Brewood, in socage, and one messuage, &c., called Buckingham's 
land in Engleton by knight's service and 2d. rent, of the Bishop of 
Coventry and Lichfield, as of his manor of Brewood ; one messuage, 
&c., called Knightley's lauds and two other messuages called 
Gough's lands in Engleton, Somerford, and Brewood ; one messuage 
called Gough's lands in Horsebrook of Eoger Fouke, gent., as of his 
manor of Engleton ; one messuage, &c., called Gough's lands in 
Engleton, of Geof. Somerford, gent., at a rent of 9s. 4d. ; Little- 
more meadow and one selion of land in Water Eyton, of John 
Aston, Esq r ., as of his manor of Water Eyton ; three messuages 
and Swane lane meadow in Aston, Bedenhall, Duns ton, and Penk- 
ridge, of the Baron of Stafford by knight's service, and two-thirds 
of the herbage and pannage in Ogley hay, of the Earl of 
Warwick. 1 His son, Edward Moreton, who was found heir to his 
cousin Adam, as above stated, died in 1680. By his wife, Margery 
Brown, of Careswell (who died in 1633), he had an elder son, Matthew 
Moreton, of Engleton, Moreton, and Wilbrighton, who died in 1669, 
leaving a son, Edward Moreton, of Moreton and Engleton, Esq r ., 
who married Elizabeth, daughter of .Robert Ducie, of Little Aston 
and Shenstone, and granddaughter and eventual heiress of Sir 
Eobert Ducie, Bart., banker to King Charles I. and Lord Mayor 
of London in 1630. Their son, Matthew Ducie Moreton, Esq r ., of 
Moreton, Engleton, and Tortworth, Sheriff of Staffordshire in 1705, 
was created Lord Ducie, Baron of Moreton, Co. Stafford, in 1720. 
By his wife, Arabella, daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas Prestwich, 
Bart., he had three sons, Matthew Ducie Moreton, Eowland Lewis, 
and Charles, and two daughters, Elizabeth and Penelope. Matthew 
Ducie Moreton, second and last Lord Ducie of that creation, and his 
brother Eowland both died unmarried. Charles, the third brother 
left an only daughter, Anne, married to Mark Dyer, Esq r . Elizabeth, 
the eldest sister, married, first, Eichard Syms, Esqr., O f Blackheath, 
by whom she had no issue, and secondly, Erancis Eeynolds, Esq r ., of 
Strangways, by whom she had, with other issue, two sons, Thomas 
and Francis, successively Lords Ducie, of Tortworth, a title which 
was created in 1763 in the person of their uncle, Matthew Ducie 
Moreton, second and last Lord Ducie, of Moreton, with special re- 
mainder to his said nephews, Thomas and Francis Eeynolds. Thomas 
(Eeynolds), second Lord Ducie, of Tortworth, died s.p. in 1785, and his 

1 Abb. Inq., 24 Eliz. (Salt's MSS). 





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THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 79 

brother Francis succeeded as third lord. His son, Thomas, fourth 
lord, was created Earl of Ducie and Baron Moreton, of Tortworth, a 
title now held by his grandson, Henry John Eeynolds Moreton, 
third Earl of Ducie. 

It is doubtful whether this branch of the Moretons succeeded to 
the lands in Blymhill, nor am I able to trace the Moreton interest 
therein beyond the time of Adam Moreton, who died in 1615. 

There was an estate in Blymhill and Brineton which may 
possibly have been the same with that which was formerly held by 
the Moretons, but which I am unable to trace back further than 
1754, when Thomas Hodgetts, gent, occurs as a landed proprietor 
in Brineton. He was probably the purchaser of this estate. 

By will, dated 1st February, 1763, Thomas Hodgetts, of Ash- 
wood Lodge, Co. Stafford, gent., bequeaths all those his messuages 
or tenements, farms, lands, and premises, situated in the parish of 
Blymhill, with all the rights and appurtenances thereto belonging, 
to his nephew Thomas Nott, and the heirs male of his body, and for 
lack of such issue to his nephew Samuel Nott, and the heirs male 
of his body, with remainder to his nephew, John Nott, and the heirs 
male of his body, with remainder to the heirs female of the bodies of 
his said three nephews respectively, and for default to Maria Kettleby, 
his wife's daughter, and her heirs aud assigns for ever. He 
mentions his wife Maria Hodgetts, his sister Elizabeth, wife of 
Samuel Nott, clerke, and his brothers [-in-law], John Keeliuge, and 
Samuel Nott ; and he gives a sum of 5 to be distributed among 
the poor of Stirchley and Blymhill. 1 

1 Bradford Evidences. This Thomas Hodgetts was the son of the Rev. Thomas 
Hodgetts, Rector of Swinford Regis by his wife Anne, daughter of Samuel Smith, 
citizen of London, as appears by his father's monument in the Church of King's Swiu- 
ford, Co. Stafford, which is thus described by Mr. Shaw, in his History of Stafford- 
shire (Vol. II , p. 232) : " On the south side of the wall of the chancel (plain neat 
white marble), To the memory of Rev. Thomas Hodgttts, M.A., Rector of this 
Parish 33 years ; an exemplary pattern of all good works ; sober, just, holy, tem- 
perate, whose many amiable and Christian virtues well deserve a more distinct 
enumeration, did not his singular modesty and humility seem absolutely to forbid it. 
In consciousness ot a well-spent life, in sure and certain hope of a blessed resurrection, 
he departed hence February 16th, 1740-41, in the 62ud year of his age. He was the 
younger son of John Hodgetts, gent., of Shutteud, and married Anne, daughter of 
Samuel Smith, citizen of London ; by whom he had issue, Anne, Margarett, 
Elizabeth, and Thomas. Margarett died unmarried, April 17th, 1735 ; Thomas died 
without issue, March 27th, 1765 ; Anne died without issue, May 20th, 1766 ; and 
Elizabeth died August 16th, 1771. She married Rev. Samuel Nott, of Worcester, by 
whom she had issue', Thomas, Samuel, and John. In testimony of her dutiful affec- 
tion and esteem for the best of fathers, this monument was erected by her express 
order and direction." 



80 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

. In .1771, Thomas Nott, of Stratford-upon-Avon, Co. Warwick, 
surgeon and apothecary, was in possession of this estate ; and by 
his will, dated llth February, 1802, he gave his lands in Blymhill 
and Brineton to his brother John Nott, of Holwells, Bristol, Doctor 
of Physic, and his assigns, with remainder to his nephew, George 
Frederick Nott, the son of his brother Samuel, deceased. He 
mentions his niece, Charlotte Nott, and makes his brother, John 
Nott, and his nephew, the Eev. George Frederick Nott, his 
executors. This estate was sold by George Frederick Nott, about 
the year 1841, to the Earl of Bradford. 



PICHFOED'S SHAEE. 

It has been shown that on the death of John- Bagot, about the 
year 1223-4, one-fourth part of the Manor of Blymhill came to the 
Pichfords, and of this share Eichard de Pichford was lord in 1255. 
Whether he was the husband or the son of the coheiress of John 
Bagot I cannot say with certainty ; but, supposing her to have been 
the third daughter, 1 it is more likely that the Eichard de Pichford 
of 1255 was the husband than the son of the Blymhill coheiress. 

1 See Vol. I., pp. 294, 295. Pichford is named fourth in 1255, but in 1291 Roger 
de Pichford has the third turn awarded to him to present to the church, from which 
I infer that he represented the third daughter and coheir. By deed, without date, 
Johanna, relict of Richard de Pichforde, in her lawful widowhood and free power, 
gives for the health of her soul and that of the aforesaid Richard, her late husband, 
in free and perpetual alms, to the Abbot and Convent of Byldwas, the whole 
land of Caldenhyll, with a certain parcel beyond Mesbrooke, towards Caldenhyll, by 
the field .... Abbot and Convent of Buildwas ; to which are witnesses 
William de Yppestane and Ralph de Conwaye (Stafford MS., Cartulary f. 152, 
" abrigged from Lane at Blymell.") If this were the widow of the first Richard de 
Pichford of Blymhill and coheiress of John Bagot, we shall thus get the names of all 
the four Blymhill coheiresses (see Vol. I., p. 293), and in that case Elizabeth will 
have been the wife of William de Ipstones. In 1292-3, Richard, son of Richard de 
Pycheford, gives half a merk to have a writ of " recordari " (22 Edw. I., m. 17 Salt's 
MS.), and as this occurs in Staffordshire it is probable that he was of the Blymhill 
family a younger son, peuhaps, or grandson, of the first Richard de Pychford, of 
Blymhill. In speaking of Coven's share it has been shewn that Geoffrey de Pichford 
was joint lord of Broseley, Co. Salop, in 1262, where he seems to have bought up 
all or most of the Coven share of that Manor. As he is the only member of the 
family we meet with at Broseley it is not improbable that he may have inherited a 
share of it from Margery, the wife of John Bagot, and though he was afterwards a 
person of considerable importance, as Sceneschal of all the forests of Salop, in 1271, 
and Constable of Windsor Castle in 1283, he may, perhaps, have been a younger 
brother of Roger de Pichford, of Blymhill, who was joint lord of that vill in 1284. 
Geoffrey de Pycheford died about 1299 (Eyton's Ant. of Shropshire, Vol. II., p. 
SI), and was succeeded at Broseley by his son Richard, who sold all his land there in 
November, 1312. 



THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 81 

In 1284, the daughter of John Bagot will have been dead. Her 
moiety of the Manor was then held by Eoger de Pichford, probably 
her son ; to whom was awarded, in 1291, the third turn to present 
to the Eectory of the Church of Blymhill. I suppose him to have 
been the same with the Koger de Pychford who sat as a juror on 
the Wenlock Inquisition of January, 1256. 1 His grandmother's 
interest at Broseley and Arlescot would be sufficient to account for 
his summons to serve on such a jury. And although his mother's 
share of Broseley seems to have passed to her younger son, there 
is some reason to suppose that her interest at Arlescot and West 
Bradley devolved upon her elder son and his descendants. 

Eoger de Pychford occurs as fourth witness to a deed without 
date of Bertram de Burgo to Sir Hugh de Weston, Knight, jointly 
with Sir Eobert de Kniteleg, Sir John Giffard, of Chilynton, 
Knights, Michael de Moreton, Walter de Moreton, Thomas de 
Engleton, and Eobert de Somerford. 8 

Eoger de Pichitford and Eichard de Pichitford are third and 
fourth witnesses to a deed without date of Henry de Wyfnereston 
to Hamo de Blumenhull, jointly with Sir Bertram de Burgo, Sir 
Hugh de Weston, Eobert de Brunton, Eoger Bagot de eadem and 
Eoger de Brunton. 3 

Eoger de Pychford will have been dead in 2 Edw. II. (1308-9), 
when H. Spigurnel,.W. de Gloucester, and Milo de Eodeberwe are 
appointed to take an assize of novel disseizin which John, son of 
Eichard de Brunton, arraigns against Eichard, son of Eoger de 
Picheford and others, concerning tenements in Dilmenhale 
(Blumenhale.) 1 

On the Sunday next before the feast of St. Margaret the Virgin, 
7 Edw. II. (July 15th, 1313), Eichard de Picheford gives to John 
lord of Ipstones, all his part of the land which he has in the 
vivary of the said John in Birtheneshales in Blumenhull, together 
with the third part which his mother had in dower. 2 

Eichard de Picheford occurs in 8 Edw. II. as first Juror on an 
inquisition ad quod damnum, at Penkridge ; 3 in 9 Edw. II. as 
witness to a deed of Thomas de la Hyde, in Blymhill ;* in 11 Edw. 
II. to a deed of John Bagot of Breynton, dated at Newport ; 6 as 
also to other deeds of the same John Bagot in the 12th and 13th of 
the same reign ; 6 and in 14 Ed. II. he is one of the Jurors at 

1 Assize Roll memb. 12 recto (as quoted in Ant. of Shropshire, Vol. II., p. 28 
note.) 2 & 3 Huntbache MS., Vol. II. * Pat. 4 Edw. II, m. 16 in dorso (Salt's 
MSS.). 6 & 7 Huntbache MS.,Vol. II. & 9 Original deeds, penes Earl of Bradford. 






82 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

Stafford where his name follows those of Eobert le Champion and 
John de Morton and precedes those of John de Whyston, Kobert 
de Quioteshay and others. 1 

The next Pychford deed that I meet with, in point of chrono- 
logical order, is one dated at Blumenhull, on the day of Holy 
Trinity (June 14) 1327, by which Thomas, son of Eichard [read 
Roger'} de Pycheford concedes and quit claims to Roger, son of 
Eoger de Pycheford, for himself and his heirs for ever, all his 
right in all the lands and tenements which the said Eoger, his 
(grantor's) father, had or could have by reversion of dower in 
Blumenhull, in the county of Stafford, with the advowson of the 
church there, Pycheford, Adelscote (Arlescot), and West Bradeley, 
in the county of Salop, to which are witnesses Ealph de Butteler, 
John de Weston, John de Ipstones, Knights, Adam de Morton, 
William de Wolseleye, Eobert de Quyoteshay, and others. 2 This 
deed, which I take to be a quitclaim from Thomas, son of Eoger 
de Pychford, to Eoger his elder brother, of all his right to 
any share of his father's lands, is especially interesting as pre- 
sumptive evidence that the Pychfords of Blymhill, who appear to 
have inherited a share of the Burwardesley estates at Arlescot and 
West Bradeley (near Wenlock), were related to the Pychfords of 
Pychford and Albrighton, and still retained an interest in the 
paternal estate at Pychford. 

I suppose the Eichard de Pychford, who occurs from 2 to 14, 
Edw. II., to have been succeeded at Blymhill by his brother Eoger, 
who, by deed without date, gives to William, son of Eichard de 
Chylynton, chaplain, all his messuage and all his lands and tene- 
ments, rents and services, with all their appurtenances, which he 
has, or had by right of inheritance in Blumenhull after the decease 
of Eichard de Pycheford, late his brother, together with the fourth 
part of the advowson of the church of the said vill, and together 
with all fealties, homages, reliefs, wardships, marriages, escheats, 
suits of court of all his tenements of Blumenhull, and, moreover, 
all commodities and profits, and the services of the aforesaid 
tenants and of their tenants whatsoever, to have and to hold to the 
said William, his heirs and assigns for ever of the chief lord of that 
fee by the accustomed services; to which are witnesses John 



1 Inq. ad quod damnum 14 Ed. II., No. 137. 2 Stafford MSS., Cartulary f. 512b, 
penes Lord Bagot. It is evident that there is some error in the transcript of the 
above deed in the Stafford IIS. , from which I have taken it, for the grantor is there 
made to call himself son of Richard, and afterwards to speak of Roger as his father. 



THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 83 

Gyfford, John de Western, John de Swynnerton, Knights, Eoger de 
Quyoteshay, John de Brunton, Henry de le Eob'., Henry son of 
William de Wolaston, and others. 1 

In the octaves of St. Martin, 5 Edw. III. (Nov. 18th, 1331), was 
a final concord at Westminster, between Eoger, son of Eoger de 
Pycheford de Blumenhull and Alianor his wife, complainants, and 
William de Chilynton, chaplain, deforciant, concerning one mes- 
suage, 2 carucates of land, 12 acres of meadow, 12 acres of wood, 
and 4 10s. rent in Blumenhull, whereof was plea of convention : 
Eoger acknowledged the said premises to belong to deforciant as of 
the gift of Eoger, and for this acknowledgment deforciant granted 
to complainants the said premises to hold to complainants of the 
chief lord of the fee by the services appertaining, and if Eoger die 
without heirs the said premises after decease of complainants shall 
remain to Eoger, son of John de Pycheford 2 de Blumenhull and his 
heirs ; in default to Eoger, son of Eichard de Ovyoteshay, junr., 
and his heirs ; in default to Eobert, son of Peter de Joneston, and 
his heirs ; in default to Eoger, son of William de le Burgh, and his 
heirs ; and if the said Eoger, son of William, die without heirs the 
said' premises shall remain to the right heirs of Eoger, son of Eoger. 3 

In the octaves of St. Hilary, 7 Edw. III. (Jan. 20, 1334), was a 
final concord at York, between William de Joneston and Beatrice 
his wife, by John de Wy verston, attorney for Beatrice, complainants, 
and Eobert de Joneston, deforciant, concerning one messauge, one 
carucate of land, eight acres of meadow, four acres of wood, and 
12s. 6d. rent in Blemenhull, and concerning the advowson of 
the church of the same town, whereof was plea of convention ; 
William acknowledged the said premises and advowson to belong 
to deforciant as of the gift of William, and for this acknowledg- 
ment deforciant granted to complainants the said premises and 
advowson to hold to complainants and their heirs of the chief 
lords of the fee by the services appertaining, and if complainants 
die without heirs of their body, the said premises and advowson 
shall remain to the right heirs of the said William.* 

I am unable to show the connection between Pycheford and 

1 Stafford MS., Cartulary. 2 John de Picheford was wounded by James de 
Stafford in or about the year 1324, during the notorious quarrel between Thomas de 
Branipton and William de Ipstones concerning the church of Eyton (church Eaton), 
in which most of the neighbouring kuights and gentry were engaged on one side 
or the other. John de Picheford was engaged on the Ipstones side. He died at 
Stafford six days afterwards. 3 Fed. Fin. 5 Edw. III. * Fed. Fin. 7 Edw. III., 
No. wanting. 



84 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

Joneston ; but if this last transaction was a bond fide one and this 
the Pichford share of the advowson, it must have reverted shortly 
afterwards to the Pichfords, for in 13 Edw. III. (1339) Eoger de 
Pichford gives to Sir John de Weston. Knight, a certain croft, and 
the said Eoger de Pichford's share of the advowson of the church 
of Blemenhull. 1 I take the vendor to have been the same Eoger 
de Pichford before mentioned. But in 23 Edw. III. (1349), I find 
Eoger, son of John de Pichford, as second witness, after Sir John 
de Weston, to an Ipstones deed in Blymhill, 2 after which, from 
1350 to 1377 inclusive, Eoger de Pichford occurs as a frequent 
witness to deeds in Blymhill and Weston. 3 

In 7 Eic. II. (1383-4) Eoger Pichford is first juror at an inquest 
ad quod damnuni taken at Weston ;* and at the inquest post mortem 
of Sir John Buttetourt, Knight, taken at Stafford, April 12, 1386, 
he is 7th juror. 6 The generations of the Pichfords were unusually 
long ones, but I account for this by the supposition that the 
younger sons, who eventually succeeded to the estates, will not 
have married so early as an heir apparent would have done. 

This last Eoger died in 1397. The inquest, which was taken at 
Stafford, on Thursday next after the Nativity of John the Baptist, 
5 Hen. IV. June 26, 1404), stated that Eoger de Pycheford held 
no lands or tenements in the county of Stafford of the late King 
Eichard II. in capile, either in demesne or in service, at the time 
of his death, but he held in demesne as of fee conjointly with 
Hawise his wife, who was still living, a fourth part of the manor 
of Blymhill, with the appurtenances, in the county of Stafford, of 
Edmund, the brother and heir of William, late Earl of Stafford, 
who was under age and in the custody of the said King Eichard, 
by Knight's service, which said fourth part of the manor is of the 
annual value of 4. He held no other lands or tenements of the 
said Earl or of anyone else on the day of his death. The said 
Eoger died on the Monday next lief ore the feast of the Purification 

1 Huntbache MS., Vol. II. It is stated in Loxdale's MS. in the Salt Library that 
in 12 Edw. III. Roger Pichford grants his share of the manor and turn in the 
advowson to John de Weston, Knt., which ever since has passed with the manor 
of Weston through the Peshalls, Mittons, Harpsfelds, and Wilbrahams, and is now 
the Earl of Bradford's ; but the writer is mistaken about Pichford's share of the 
manor, which is unquestionably the same as that which was bought long afterwards 
by John Mitton, of Weston, from the Lord Stafford. 2 & 3 Huntbache MS., Vol. II. 
In 36 Edw. III., 1362, there was a Roger de Pychford, who states at the proving of 
the age of Alice, daughter of John de Bromley, at Blymhill, that his father Richard 
was buried at Eccleshall in 1347 (Inq. 36 Edw. III., No. 138, pt. 1). * Inq. 7 Ric. II., 
No. 92. 6 Inq. p.m. 9 Ric. II., No. 4. 



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THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 85 

of St. Mary, 20 Eic. II. (January 29, 1397.) William is his son 
and heir, and 30 years of age and more. The aforesaid Hawise 
has occupied the said lands and tenements since the said Roger's 
death, and received the profits thereof. 1 

It would seem that the crown was not satisfied with this verdict, 
for nearly two years afterwards the King's precept was issued to 
William Stokeley, the King's escheator for the county of Stafford, 
to hold another inquest. The jury, which sat at Penkridge, on the 
Thursday after the feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, 7 Hen. IV. 
(Oct. 22nd, 1405), corroborated the former verdict as to the holding 
of the lands, and found that Eoger de Pycheford had been enfeoffed 
conjointly with Hawise his wife, who is yet surviving, by the gift 
and f eoffment of William Huwet, vicar of the church of Shirefhales, 
and Eoger de Aston, parson of the church of Weston-under-Leseyerd, 
by the name of " all the lands and tenements, rents, services, and 
reversions, with all their appurtenances in Blymenhull and 
Bruynton," to hold to the said Eoger and Hawise and the heirs of 
their bodies begotten between them. The said Eoger died on the 
Monday next after the feast of the Purification of St. Mary, 20 
Eic. II. (Feb. 5th, 1397). The fourth part of the said manor was 
now valued at 100s. ; the age of the heir was still given as 30 and 
more, and the widow Hawise was still in possession. 9 

By deed, dated at Blymhill, on the Monday next after the feast 
)f the Blessed Mary, 5 Hen. IV. (Aug. 12th, 1404), William, son 
)f Eoger de Pycheford, gives to Eichard Balle, parson of the church 
)f Blumhull, William Lee, William Bauton, Thomas Horde, and 
Richard Bronde, all his lands, tenements, rents, and services, with 
heir appurtenances, which he has in the lordship of Blumhull, and 
vhich were formerly those of Eoger de Pychford his father, to have 
md to hold to them, their heirs and assigns for ever of the chief 
ords of the fee by the accustomed services ; to which are witnesses 
Adam de Peshale, Eobert ffraunceys, Knights, James de Morton, 
Michael de Morton, Thomas Welaston, John Stanley, junior, and 
others. 3 

William Pycheford occurs as witness to a deed of Adam de 
Peshale, in Weston, in 7 Hen. IV. (1405-6), after which I meet 
.vith his name no more, and I think that he must have died soon 



1 Inq. 5 Hen. IV., No. 16. * Inq. 7 Hen. IV., No. 12. It will be observed that 
here is a discrepancy between this and the former inquisition, as to the dato 
f Roger Pichford's death. The earlier one is more likely to be correct. * Stafford 
[S., Cartulary, f. 151. 
Al 



86 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHJI.L. 

afterwards, leaving an only daughter, Isabella, who became the wife 
of William de Walton, of Walton Grange. 

By deed, dated at Blymenhull on the Friday next after the feast 
of St. Leonard, 3 Hen. V. (Nov. 8th, 1415), William Lee, William 
Bauton and Richard Bronde (the surviving trustees) conceded to 
William de Walton, of Walton Grange, and Isabella, his wife, all 
their lands, tenements, rents, and services which they had of the 
gift and feoffment of William Pychford, father of the said Isabella, 
within the lordship of Blymenhull, together with the advowson of 
the church of the same vill, to have and to hold to the said William 
and Isabella, and their heirs lawfully begotten between them, of 
the chief lords of that fee by the accustomed services, and if it 
should happen that the said William and Isabella should die with- 
out heirs lawfully begotten between them, then all the said lands, 
&c., should remain to the right heirs of the said Isabella for ever. 1 

Isabella appears to have died without issue, when the lands passed 
to her aunt, the daughter of Roger de Pychford and sister of 
William. This lady married William Humfreston, of Humfreston, 
but died without surviving issue, having previously given birth to 
her first child who died shortly afterwards. Her husband,William 
Humfreston, claimed to hold her lands by the courtesy of England 
(I suppose for term of life), but his claim was opposed by one 
William Smyth, who laid claim to the inheritance as cousin and 
heir of the said Roger Pychford. The lands were thereupon taken 
into the hands of Humfrey, Earl of Stafford, as chief lord of the fee, 
who seems to have settled the controversy by making over the dis- 
puted lands to William Humfreston for life, with remainder to the 
Earl himself and his heirs. . 

So, at least, I gather from a deed, which is preserved among the 
Stafford MSS. 2 By this deed, which is dated at Blymhill, on the Mon- 
day next after the feast of St. George the Martyr, 1 2 Hen. VI. (April 
26th, 1434), William Mondon, Humfrey Cotes, and Thomas Barbour, 

1 Stafford MS., Cartulary f. , 152. It is remarkable that the advowson of the 
church should have been inserted into this grant, though it was not included 
in the ieoffment of William Pychford to the above trustees. The Pychford share of 
the advowson had been sold by Roger de Pychford, in 1339, to Sir John de "\Yeston, 
knight, and his heirs, with whom it has ever since remained ; but the insertion of 
this clause will probably have given rise to the dispute which arose about the 
patronage in 1424. This dispute was eventually settled in favour of the heir of 
De Weston, but the advowson coatinued to be inserted in the deeds by which this 
property passed to Humfreston and Stafford, though I do not find that any actual 
claim was ever afterwards made to a right of presentation to the church. 2 Cartulary, 
fo. 150. 



THE MANOR AND I'AKrSH OF BTA'MHILL. 87 

of Stafford, concede to William Homfreyston, of Homfreyston, all the 
lands and tenements, rents and services, with all their appurten- 
ances which they have within the lordship of Blymmhill, together 
with the advowson of the church of the same vill, which same lands 
and tenements, rents and services, with all their appurtenances, 
together with the advowson of the aforesaid church, they lately had 
of the gift and feoffment of the aforesaid William Humfreyeston, to 
have and to hold to the said William Homfreyeston, for the term 
of his life, of the chief lords of that fee by the accustomed services, 
and after the decease of the said William Homfreyeston they will 
that all the said lands and tenements, rents and services, with their 
appurtenances, together with the advowson of the aforesaid church. , 
shall remain to the Lord Humfrey, Earl of Stafford, his heirs and 
assigns for ever, to be held of the chief lords of that fee by the ac- 
customed services ; to which are witnesses Richard Lone, Richard 
Selman, Robert Swynnerton, Thomas de Walton, Simon Gedynton, 
and others. 1 

By a memorandum, in the same MS., we are informed that the 
manor, lands, and tenements in Blymhill, which had formerly 
belonged to William Humfreston, came to the same Humfrey, then 
Duke of Buckingham, after the death of the said William Humfreston, 
which occurred on the Vigil of the Conception of the Blessed Mary, 
35 Hen. VI. (Dec. 7th, 1456;, as fully appears by a writing of the 
time of the said Duke. 

Before going on to speak of the Staffords, who thus became 
de facto lords of one- fourth of the manor of Blymhill, I will say 
what little more I have to say of the heirs, or asserted heirs, of the 
Pichfords. It appears that many years afterwards the heir of the 
said William Smyth petitioned the then Lord Stafford to acknow- 
ledge his right to the above-mentioned lands, with respect to which 
there is the following memorandum in the Stafford MS. 2 : " The 
tytle of Thomas Shelley, which he doth pretend to serten lands in 
Bylme and Brynton, in the Countie of Stafford, now in the posses- 
sion of the Lord Stafford : ffirst the sayd Thomas sayth that on 
Roger Pycheford was seased of the said lands in ffee and had issue 
i doughter, which doughter was maryed to on Will Humfreyson, 
.vhich doughter, upon the birthe of her furst chyld, dyed and the 
hild also. After whose deth her seyd husband clamed to hold 
he lands by the courtesie of Englond ; and on Willm. Smyth, grett 
raunfas to the seid Thomas, clamed to have the sayd lands as 
1 Stafford MS.. Cartulary, fo. 150. 9 Cartulary, f. 152. 



88 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

cosyn and heir to the seyd Koger Pycheford ; upon which varyans 
Duke Humfrey, the Duke of Buck' beyng lord and Mr. to both 
the seyd parties for to erase the sayd varyans betwyxt his sayd 
servants seased the sayd lands in to hys owne hands ; and before 
his grace had mayd an order therein the sayd Duke was slayn at 
the Battel of Northampton, syns the which tyme the sayd Duk's 
heirs have kept the same." 

In the following memorandum, which is taken from the same 
source, the claimant is called " Stedman." 

" The esseot (suit) of Stedman's Byll. 

Will m . Chilyngton, preyst, seased &c. & gave the same to Roger 
Pycheford & Ely nor hys wyf, & to the heirs of their ij bodys, 
then to Eoger Pychford, the yonger, and to the heyrs of hys bodye. 
Roger Pycheford and Elynor died without issue. 
Roger Pychford, the yonger, 



Will m . Humfreson Jese John Smyth = Isot 



i 

Will. Smyth, brought a suit agenst Humfreson. 

Raf. Smyth 

I 
Julyan 

Stedman. 

M d . that Stedman sayth that Willm. Smyth brought a suit 
agenst Willm. Humfreson, which Smyth & Humfreson put the 
matter ynto Duke Humfrey's hands, which Duke seysed the sayd 
lands ynto hys owne hands, and so held hytt & no otherwyse as he 
sayth." 

This Humfrey de Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, who thus be- 
came one of the joint demesne lords of Blymhill, was the son and 
heir of Edmund, Earl of Stafford, who was killed at the battle of 
Shrewsbury (July 21st, 1403) on the Lancastrian side, by his wife, 
Lady Ann Plantagenet, only surviving daughter and heir of Thomas 
of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester. He was made Count of the Pro- 
vince of Perche in France in 8 Hen. V., and is described as a person 
of great magnificence. In an indenture of 22 Hen. VI., he is styled 
"the right mighty prince Humfry, Earl of Buckingham, Here- 
ford, Stafford, Northampton, and Perche, Lord of Brecknock and 



THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 89 

Holderness." He was created Duke of Buckingham 23 Hen. VI., 
1444, and in 25 Hen. VI., being so nearly allied to the throne, he 
had precedence given to him of all Dukes, excepting those of the 
blood royal. He married Ann, daughter of Kalph Neville, first 
Earl of Westmorland, and was slain on July 10th, 1460, fighting 
for King Henry VI., at the battle of Northampton, where he was 
buried in the Monastery of the Grey Friers. 1 

His son Humfrey, Earl of Stafford, K.G., was slain at the battle 
of St. Albans, 22nd May, 1455, fighting for King Henry VI., in the 
lifetime of his father. He married Lady Margaret Beaufort, 
daughter and coheir of Edmund, Duke of Somerset, by whom he 
left a son, Henry, successor to his grandfather. 

Henry de Stafford, K.G-., second Duke of Buckingham, being 
left a minor, was, together with his brother Humfrey, committed by 
King Edward IV. to the custody of Ann, Duchess of Exeter, the 
King's sister, who had five hundred marks a year assigned to her 
for their maintenance. 

This nobleman was little heard of during the remainder of King 
Edward IV.'s reign ; but being a supporter of the pretensions of 
Richard III. and greatly instrumental in elevating him to the 
throne, he was by that Prince made a Knight of the Garter and 
Constable of England, besides being promised possession of the 
great inheritance of the Bohuns, Earls of Hereford, to which he 
asserted a fight. Soon after this, however, whether through 
disappointment at the breach of this promise or from some other 
more conscientious motive, he entered into a conspiracy to place 
the Earl of Richmond upon the throne and to unite the houses of 
r ork and Lancaster by the marriage of that Earl with the eldest 
mghter of the late King Edward IV. For this purpose he took 
ip arms, but being unsupported by the Courtenays and his other 
associates, he found himself alone, and having raised his standard 
at his Castle of Brecknock, on the 18th of October, 1483, he im- 
mediately advanced towards Worcester, but at Weobley his progress 
was arrested by unusual floods, and he was kept so long at this 
place that his Welsh followers, discouraged by the tidings of the 

1 Erdeswick, p. 148. At the inquisitions taken after the deaths of Hugh, Thomas 
md Edmund, Earls of Stafford in 10 Ric. II., 16 Ric. II., and 4 Hen. IV. respectively, 
10 mention is made of lands held in demesne in Blymhill or Brineton but only such 
is were held under them by the tenants in fee. At that which was taken, however, 
ifter the death of Humfrey, Duke of Buckingham, in 38, 39 Hen. VI., it is stated 
hat he held a " fourth part of the manor of Blymhill," besides the two knight's fees 
n Blymhill and Brineton, which were held of him by the heirs of John Bagot. 



90 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

King's preparations and approach, disbanded and returned to their 
native mountains. The Duke left Weobley in disguise, a fugitive, 
and was concealed for a few days in the neighbourhood of Wem, in 
Shropshire, by Ealph Banastre, Esqr.,of Lacon,a former retainer of his 
family, 1 but he was discovered and arrested by Sir Thomas Mytton, 
the Sheriff of Shropshire, a staunch adherent of the house of York, 
who carried him to Shrewsbury, from whence he was sent to Salis- 
bury, where he was beheaded in the Market place on Xov. 2nd of 
that year, 2 without any arraignment or legal trial, and attainted 
by Act of Parliament. 

His wife was Lady Katherine "Widvile, daughter of Richard, Earl 
Rivers, whose sister was Queen to King Edward IV. His younger 
son/Henry de Stafford, was created Earl of Wiltshire in 1509, but 
died without issue in 1523 ; and the elder son, Edward de Stafford, 
was, in 1 Henry VII., restored to all his father's honours and 
estates, and thus became third Duke of Buckingham. This Duke 
served the King against the Cornish men, who rebelled in favour of 
Perkin "Warbeck ; and in the 24th of Henry VII. obtained several 
grants of lands and manors. He was also made Knight of the 
Garter and Lord High Constable of England. In 2 Hen. VIII., he 
had license to impark a thousand acres of land at his lordship of 
Thornbury, in Gloucestershire, and was then in high favour with 
the King. But some years afterwards, having offended Cardinal 
Wolsey, he was brought to an untimely end through his instru- 
mentality. It is said that the offence given by the Duke to the 
Cardinal arose in the following manner : The Duke had been 
holding a basin for the King on some public occasion, and so soon as 
his Majesty had washed his fingers, Wolsey dipped his hands in the 
water. This was a liberty which appeared to the Duke so deroga- 
tory to his own rank and dignity that he flung the contents of the 
ewer into the Cardinal's shoes ; who, being highly incensed, 
threatened to stick upon the Duke's skirts. This menace was 
met by the latter appearing at Court, soon afterwards, richly dressed 
but without any skirts, and when the King demanded the cause of 
so strange a fashion, he replied that it was intended to prevent the 
Cardinal's design. The Duke, however, was doomed to fall through 
domestic treason ; for, having discharged one Knevet, his steward, 
for oppressing his tenantry, the former steward became an instru- 
ment in Wolsey's hands for effecting the object he had at heart. 

1 He is said by some to have been betrayed by Banastre, but there is no foundation 
for this statement. a Wright's History of Ludlow, p. 322. 





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THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 91 

Knevet declared that the Duke had contemplated the assassination of 
of the King in order that he might ascend the throne as next heir, if 
his Majesty should die without issue ; and upon this frivolous infor- 
mation he was arraigned at Westminster before Thomas, Duke of 
Norfolk, who sat as Lord High Steward of England for the occasion. 
Buckingham pleaded his own cause, and sustained the character of 
an able and accomplished advocate, but to no purpose. He was 
pronounced guilty and sentenced to death ; in pursuance of which 
sentence he was beheaded on Tower Hill on May 17th, 1521, and 
afterwards attainted by Act of Parliament, when all his titles and 
estates were forfeited to the crown. It is said that when the 
Emperor Charles V. heard of his execution, he exclaimed, " a 
utcher's dog has killed the finest buck in England." By his wife, 
Lady Eleanor Percy, daughter of Henry, fourth Earl of North- 
umberland, the Duke had issue an only son, Henry Stafford, who 
married Ursula, daughter of Sir Ilichard Pole, K.G., by Margaret 
Plantagenet, Countess of Salisbury, daughter and heir of George, 
Duke of Clarence, brother to King Edward IV. 

By letters patent, dated 20th Dec. 14 Hen. VIIL, 1522, the King 
restored to Henry de Stafford a small portion of his father's 
lands, namely, Norton in the Moors, Tillington, Eyton, Church 
Eaton, Wood Eaton, Darlaston, Dodington, Packington, Blymhill, 
the manor and baronial Castle of Stafford, and all the lands in 
Forebridge, Darlaston, Holdich, Newcastle, Bradwell, Ebutall, 
Barlaston, Tattenshall, Bradley, Dunston, Copenhall, Cooksland, 
Burston, and Eicarscote ; to be held by him and Ursula his wife 
and the heirs of their two bodies, all knight's fees excepted (so that 
the chief seigneury of Blymhill was henceforth vested in the crown). 
In the first year of Edw. VI. (1547), he was made Baron Stafford, 
and by Act of Parliament in that year it was enacted " that the 
said Henry, Lord Stafford, and the heirs male of his body coming, 
may be taken and reputed as Lord Stafford with a seat and voice 
in Parliament as a Baron ; and further that the said Henry be 
restored in blood as son and heir of Edward, late Duke of Buck- 
ingham," &C. 1 This Henry, Lord Stafford, was a man of learning 
and accomplishments, and was the compiler of the greater portion 
of the Stafford MSS., from which we have frequently quoted. He 
died in 1562, leaving an elder son, Edward, and other children. 

Edward, second Lord Stafford of this creation, succeeded to the 
limited estates of his father, but lost or squandered all his 

1 Nicholas's Synopsis of the Peerage. 



92 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

patrimony, with the exception of Stafford and Forebridge. He 
married Mary, daughter of Edward, Earl of Derby, and died in 
1603. By him that fourth part of the manor of Blymhill, with the 
lands in Blymhill, Brockhurst, and Brineton, which were restored 
to him as parcel of his father's estates, were sold in January, 1583, 
as has been stated on a previous page, to John Mytton, of Weston 
under Liziard, with whose heirs they still remain. 

The further history of the Staffords is a sad one. This Edward, 
Lord Stafford, was succeeded in the title by his only son, Edward, 
whose grandson, Henry, the fourth lord, died under age in 1637 ; 
when the Barony, being limited to the heirs male of Henry, created 
Baron Stafford in 1547, devolved upon Eoger, son and heir of Eichard, 
younger son of the said Henry, first Baron Stafford. His father, 
Eichard, had died poor, and Eoger, the undoubted male represen- 
tative of the princely Dukes of Buckingham and descendant of the 
English Eoyal family, deserted by his father's great relations but 
befriended by one of the Corbets of Shropshire, from which family 
his mother was descended, laid claim to the Barony. But his 
poverty overcame every effort to obtain his right. His claim was 
eventually submitted to the King, who decided " that the said 
Eoger Stafford, having no part of the inheritance of the said Lord 
Stafford, nor any other lands or means whatsoever," should make a 
resignation of all claims and title to the said Barony of Stafford for 
his Majesty to dispose of as he should see fit. In obedience to which 
order the said Eoger Stafford by his deed enrolled, bearing date 
the 7th December, 1639, did grant and surrender unto his Majesty 
the said Barony of Stafford, and the honour, name, and dignity of 
Lord Stafford. After which surrender, the King, by patent dated 
12th Sept. 1640, created Sir William Howard, K.G., and Mary 
Stafford, his wife, the sister and sole heir of Henry, fourth Baron 
(who died in 1637), Baron and Baroness Stafford, with remainder to 
the heirs male of their bodies, on failure of which to the heirs of 
their bodies, with such place or precedence as was held by her 
brother Henry, Lord Stafford ;* and from this Sir William and 
Mary, his wife, the rightful heir of the ancient barony, the present 
Lord Stafford is descended. 

Eoger Stafford, the last heir male of the Staffords, who thus sur- 
rendered his title to the crown, died unmarried about 1640, leaving 
a sister Jane, who became the wife of a man in humble circum- 
stances at Newport in Shropshire. 

1 Burke's Dormant aud Extinct Peerage. 



THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 93 

It has been stated that the Pichford fourth part of the Manor of 
Blymhill, together with the lands belonging to it, were valued at 
4 in 1404 and at 5 in 1405, whereas that fourth part which was 
purchased from Lord Stafford by John Mytton in 1583 was only 
valued at 20s., and held for a 40th part of a knight's fee. I 
suppose, therefore, that the Pichfords had parted with the greater 
part of their lauds before their fourth part of the manor came into 
the hands of the Duke of Buckingham. This might account for 
some of the smaller estates which were afterwards held in Blymhill 
or Brineton, and which had no share of the manor or advowson 
attached to them. It is possible that some part of the Pichford 
lands were held by the family of Jonestone, who seem to have 
had an interest at Blymhill in 1333 (though this may have been 
only as trustees), and who appear to have been in some way con- 
nected with the Pichfords. It is not unlikely that the Skrymsher 
estate was a portion of that which had been formerly held by the 
Pichfords. 

Of these Skrymshers, who had many estates in this part of Staf- 
fordshire, Erdeswick says that most or all of their lands were 
purchased in the time of King Henry VIII. by Thomas Skrimshire, 
a protonotary of the Common Pleas, which Thomas had issue John 
and Thomas. To Thomas he gave his towns in Staffordshire and 
lands in Herefordshire, Worcestershire, and Shropshire, to the value 
of a convenient gentleman's living j 1 and John, the eldest son, had 
Norbury, Mere, Aqualate, and other lands, of which those of 
Blymhill probably formed a part. I find that this John Skrimsher, 
Esqr., in 12 Eli/. (1569-70) died seized of Mere, Aqualate, 
Norbury, and, amongst other estates, of two messuages, with the 
appurtenances in Brynton, in the parish of Blymhill, and one 
messuage, with the appurtenances in Blymhill aforesaid. John 
Skrimsher, junior, his eldest son, had died without issue before the 
inquisition was held, and a certain Thomas Skrimsher, brother of 
John the younger, is the nearest heir.* The wife of John 
Skrimsher, the father, was Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Talbot 
of Grafton, Knight, 3 by whom he had, besides the elder son 
John, who is not mentioned in the Herald's pedigree, the above- 
named Thomas, who succeeded him at Aqualate, Blymhill, &c., 

1 Erdeswick's Staff, pp. 172-3. Among these Staffordshire tenements was John- 
ston Hall, in the parish of Eccleshall, which may possibly have been acquired with 
other lands from the Jonestones of Blymhill ; but this is a mere surmise unsup- 
ported by any evidence whatever. 2 Inq., 14 Eliz., No. 138. 3 Glover's Visitation 
of Staff., ao. 1583 (Harl. MSS., 6128). 



94 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

James, who had Norbury, with the Park and High Offley, and 
Richard. * 

Thomas Skrimsher, of Aqualate, Esq r ., the son of John, died in 
or about 38 Eliz. (1595-6). The inquisition states that he held, 
among other lands, two messuages, with the appurtenances, in 
Brineton, in the parish of Blymhill, and one messuage with the 
appurtenances in Blymhill aforesaid. He had settled these estates 
upon himself for life, without impeachment of waste, and after his 
death to the use of Martha his wife for term of life in recornpence 
of jointure, then to the use of John Skrimsher, his third son and 
his heirs, with remainder to James Skrimsher, his second son, with 
remainder to his own right heirs. He had settled property at 
Graynhonger and ffenton, in like manner upon James his second 
son. with remainder to John his third, and Thomas his eldest, sons 
in succession. 2 The said Thomas Skrimsher, senior (son of John), 
married, first, Alice daughter of James Starkey, of Darley, co. Cest., 
by whom he had his elder sons, Sir Thomas Skrimsher, of Aqualate, 
Knight, and James, who died unmarried. He married, secondly, 
Martha daughter of Brian Fowler, of St. Thomas's Abbey, near 
Stafford, by whom he had his third son, John Skrimsher, of Orslow, 
who inherited the estate at Blymhill and Brineton, and a fourth 
son, Brian, to whom his father gave lands in Whitmore, but who 
died unmarried.* 

John Skrimsher, of Orslow, gent., who also succeeded to the 
property at Graynhonger, was in the 70th year of his age, April 6, 
1663. He married Jane, daughter of Walter Littleton, of Bednall, 
co. Stafford, younger brother to "old Sir Edward Littleton, of Pillaton 
Hall, co. Stafford, Knight," by whom he had two sons and two 
daughters, namely, Walter, Richard, Jane, and Elianor, of whom 
Jane, the eldest daughter, was married to Thomas Broadhurst, of 
Lilleshall, co. Salop, and Elianor to Erancis Pigot, younger brother 
of Thomas Pigot, of Chetwynd, co. Salop, Esq r . 

Walter Skrimsher, of Orslow, gent., the elder son, was returned as 
being in his 48th jear, April 6, 1663, the date of the last Herald's 
Visitation. He married, for his first wife, Margaret, daughter of 
. . . Muchell, of Somerford, co. Stafford, by whom he had, at 
the time of the said Visitation, three daughters, (1), Mary, then in 
her 10th year, (2), Hannah, and (3), Sarah, whose ages are not 
given in the Visitation pedigree. 

1 Ibid, and Erdeswick's Staffordshire. 2 Inq. 38 Eliz., No. 87. 3 Dugdale's 
Visitation of Staffordshire, at the College of Arms. 



THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 95 

From a somewhat later pedigree, given in the Wolferstan MS., 
in the Salt Library as Stafford, 1 I find that Mary, the last wife of 
Walter Skrimshire, of Orslow, was a daughter of Thomas Fowke, of 
Brewood, Esqr She was baptized at Church Eaton 28th Dec., 
1614, and buried there, 18th April, 1693. He seems to have had 
no issue by her ; but by Margaret, his former wife, who was buried 
at Church Eaton 10th Dec., 1663, he is, in this pedigree, stated to 
have had three daughters, Mary, Hannah, and Sarah, as before 
mentioned, of whom Mary was baptized at Church Eaton on 15th 
Sept. 1653, and Hannah on 5th April, 1659, and Sarah is said is 
have been born on 16th June, 1661. The pedigree is rather involved 
but it seems to be implied that Hannah was married to Walter 
Jennings, Eector of Church Eaton, 18th Oct., 1678. Walter Skrim- 
shire, the father, w r as buried at Church Eaton, on loth July, 1702. 

Richard Skrimshire. the younger brother of Walter, was of 
Brocton Grange, in the County of Stafford, and in his 40th year at 
the date of the Visitation in 1663." He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Francis Comberford, of Bradley, Co. Stafford, by whom 'he had, at 
the time of the Visitation, two sons, Walter, then in the second 
year of his age (who probably died in his infancy), and John. He 
afterwards had another son, Francis, 3 the same, I suppose, with 
Francis Skrimshire, clerk, of 1708. 

By indenture tripartite of 19 Nov., 4 Jac. II. (1688), between 
Walter Skrirnsher, of Orslow, Co. Stafford, gent., of the first part, 
Edwin Skrimsher, of Aqualate, Co. Stafford, Esq r ., and John Coates, 
of Woodcott, Co. Salop, Esq r ., of the second part, and John Skrim- 
sher, son and heir apparent of Richard Skrimsher, of Forton, Co. 
Stafford, gent., and only brother to the said Walter Skrimsher, of 
the third part, the said Walter, for the love that he bears to the said 
John, and for his the said John's preferment in the world, and to 
enable him to settle a competent jointure upon such wife or wives 
as he the said John shall lawfully espouse, gives to Edwin 
Skrimsher and John Coates all those his four messuages or tene- 
ments in Orslow, with the appurtenances, &c., 4 for the use of the 
said John Skrimshire. 



1 Ant. Fowke, of Gunston. ' J The arms of Skrimshire, of Brocton Grange, under 
which title the Skrimshires of Orslow are designated in Dugdale's Visitation of 6 
April, 1663, are there given as 1st and 4th gu. a lion rampant or within a bordure 
vair ; 2nd and 3rd, a chevron between three moths or flies. s Mr. Harwood, in his 
edition of Erdeswick (p. 171, note), says that Kichard Skrimsher (the younger 
brother of Walter), who was buried at Forton in 1704, had issue John, of Orslow, 
and Richard, Rector of Forton. * Deed penes Earl of Bradford. 



96 THE MANOR AND PARISH OF BLYMHILL. 

I imagine that John Skrimsher married his first wife about this 
time, and had by her three sons, Charles, born in 1698, James and 
Thomas, and four daughters, Jane, Elizabeth, Susan, and Ann, 1 every 
one of whom must have died before 23rd January, 1722. 

He seems to have lived at Stafford at one time, and afterwards to 
have moved to Shrewsbury, where he acted as clerk of the peace for 
the County of Salop. 2 

In 1707, as John Skrimsher, of Shrewsbury, gent., he suffered a 
recovery of his estate at Orslow, 8 and on 2nd Dec., 1709, a settle- 
ment was made in consequence of a marriage then to be had 
between the same John Skrimsher and Elizabeth, only daughter of 
John Fownes, of Orslow Hall, Eso/. 4 A deed of Jan. 23rd, 1722, 
made after the death of the said Elizabeth, late wife of John 
Skrimsher, recites the intent of the above-mentioned marriage 
settlement, whereby, amongst other things, it was provided that if 
the said John Skrimsher, should die without issue male by his said 
wife, and should leave one or more daughters by her, trustees should 
raise 1,500 out of the settled estates for the said daughter or 
daughters ; the remainder is with his brother Francis Skrimsher 
and his heirs male, and power of revocation is reserved. The said 
John Skrimsher had at this time only one son and two daughters 
living, namely, John, Jane, and Mary, all by his said wife Elizabeth. 
It is now provided that in case his son John should die without issue 
male, and either of his two daughters or their issue should then be 
living, trustees shall raise 1,500 for them, and in case he and his 
son should both die without issue male, they should raise another 
1,000 for his daughters ; the remainder to the said Francis 
Skrimsher for life, with remainder to Eichard Skrimshire, eldest 
son of Francis, and his heirs male of the body, with like remainder 
to the second and other sons of the said Pdchard, with remainder to 
the right heirs of the said John Skrimsher. 6 

On June llth, 1737, the said John Skrimsher, now describing 
himself as of the town of Shrewsbury, gent., makes his will. He 



1 Pedigree in pne of the Hadfield MSS. in the Salt Library. The latter portion of 
this pedigree appears to have been added to that given in Dugdale's Staffordshire 
Visitation of 1664. He is described as John, son of Richard Skrimsher, of Brocton, 
and was then apparently of Stafford ; and though he is here erroneously said to have 
died 2nd Feb., 1721, aged 60 (which would have been near about his age at that 
time), I have no reason to doubt the rest of the facts recorded, and I have ad- 
ditional reasons for believing that he had another wife before he married Elizabeth 
Fownes. a MS. Pedigree formerly in the possession of the late Mr. Joseph Morris, 
of Shrewsbury. 8 Deed pines Earl of Bradford. * & 6 Deeds penes Earl of Bradford. 



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