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Full text of "Considerations on the late bill for payment of the remainder of the national debt, in which the occasion of inserting the clause relative to his majesty's consent, and the arguments in support of such right in the crown, are impartially stated"

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coLLecx:iONS 

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kiNQSTON ONTARIO CANADA 



its?. 0*-^ rJ\ r 

CONSIDERATIONS 

On the late 

BILL 

FOR 
Payment of the Remainder 

o F T H E 

NATIONAL DEBT, 

In which the Occailon of inferting 

The CLAUSE 

rela'tive to his 

MAJESTY'S COxNSENT, 

AND 

The Arguments in Support of fucIiRiGHT 
in the C R O W N, are impartially ftated. 

DUBLIN, printed : 

LONDON, re-printed ; and fold by William Owbn> 
in Fleet-Jlrcct. M.Dcc.Liv^. 



/fC7'(-r/^Y. K-bA. 



CONSIDERATIONS 

On the late 

BILL 

FOR 

Payment of the Remainder 

OF THE 

NATIONAL DEBT. 

POPULAR Prejudices having 
been raifed to a furprifing 
Heigth, againft the late Bill 
for Payment of the Sum of Seven ty- 
feven thoufand five hundred Pounds, 
out of the Ballance in the Treafury, 
in Difcharge of what remained un- 
paid of the National Debt, on ac- 
count of the Recital, relating to His 
Majefty's previous Conjent-^ which was 
inferted in Great Britain \ and occa- 

A 2 fion 



( 4 ) 

{ion having been taken,without Doors, 
from the Rejedling of that Bill, to 
Ipread Infinuations, injurious to Go- 
vernment, and tending to alienate the 
Affedions of His Majefty's Subjeds ; 
by reprefenting that Bill as an At- 
tempt to veft fome new and uncon- 
ftitutional Power in the Crown, over 
the Money in the Treafury of this 
Kingdom: It will be, at leaft, an honeft 
Attempt, to endeavour to quiet the 
Fears and Apprehenfions of the Peo- 
ple, by laying before the Public, a 
true State of the Fads which gave 
Occafion to the inferting of that 
Claufe ; and alfo an Account of the 
Principles on which the Right, affert- 
cd therein, is founded. From whence 
it will appear, that as it never was 
defigned to veft, fo, if the Bill had 
pafTed into a Law, it would not have 
vefted, any new Power in the Crown, 
over the Money, which now is, or 
hereafter may be, in the Treafury of 

thii 



( 5 ) 

this Kingdom : And that the only 
Operation of the Claufe would have 
been a Parliamentary acknowledge- 
ment of the King's ancient Right to 
the Application of the Money in the 
adual Receipt of the Treafury; as 
had been made, upon the like Occafi- 
on, in the Bill of the former Seflion. 
And the Proceedings relating to this 
Matter previous to the prefent Bill, 
will alfo fhew the neceffity His Ma- 
jefty was under of fupporting this 
Right, by requiring iuch Acknow- 
ledgment thereof, after it had been 
once called in Queflion ; or otherwife 
, he muft, for the future, have fubmitted 
to what (if fuch Right be in the 
Crown) would have been injurious to 
His Prerogative and Dignity. 

To fet this Tranfacf^ion in a clear 
Light, it muft be taken up at the 
Year, One thoufand feven hundred 
and forty-nine : when, upon ftating 
of the Public Accounts by the Com- 

mifTioners 



( 6 ) 

miffioners appointed for that Purporej 
it appeared, that on the twenty-fifth 
Day of March, there was in the 
Hands of the Vice Treafurers, or their 
Deputies, a Ballance of about Two 
hundred and twenty thoufand Pounds. 

The Amount of this Sum render- 
ed it an Objedl of public Confi- 
deration ; and perhaps, it was the 
firfl: Inftance of a Ballance in the 
Treafury that deferved any great At- 
tention : It therefore well became 
Thofe in Authority, to confider in 
what way the Whole, or Part, might 
be beft applied, for the Eafe of the 
People, and for Public Service. 

At this Time there remained un- 
paid of the National Debt, about the 
Sum of Three hundred and feventy- 
eieht thoufand five hundred Pounds. 
Whether the Propofal moved from 
the then Lord Lieutenant, or from 
fome other Perfon, that Part of this 
Ballance fhould be applied to theDif- 

chargc 



( 7 ) 

charge of fo much of the National 
Debt, I cannot take upon me to fay ; 
nor is the Enquiry material : But, 
in fadl, the King's Attorney-Ge- 
neral was the Mover of it in the 
Houfe of Commons. As the Occa- 
fion was new, it is not to be wondered 
at, that the Gentlemen who con- 
ducted the Affair, on this Side the 
Water, fhould not be exadt as to the 
Form in which his Majefty's Confent 
ought to appear : And probably, they 
apprehended that the Return of a 
Bill for that purpole, under the 
Great Seal of Great Britain would be 
a fufficient Notification of His Ma- 
jefty's previous Confent to fuch Ap- 
plication. But be that as it may; 
Heads of a Bill were brought into the 
Houfe of Commons, in the Sefliori 
of One thoufand feven hundred and 
forty- nine, for Payment of the fevxral 
principal Sums of Seventy thou- 
fand Pounds, and Fifty-eight thoufand 

Pounds, 



( 8 ) 

Pounds, in Difcharge of fb much of 
the National Debt : In which Bill, 
after feveral Recitals relating to the 
Debt, and what remained unpaid, it 
was further recited in the Words fol- 
lowing, viz. " whereas on the Twen- 
" ty-fifth day of March laft, a 
" confiderable Ballance remained in 
*' the Hands of the Vice Treafurers, 
*' or Receivers General of this King- 
*' dom, or their Deputy or Deputies, 
*•* unapplied^ and it will be for your 
" Majefty's Service, and for the Eafc 
*' of your faithful Subjeds of this 
^ ^' Kingdom, that fo much thereof 
". as can be conveniently fpared^ Jhould 
" be paidy agreeably to your Majejlys 
^f" moji gracious Intentions^ in Dif- 
" charge of Part of the faid Debt." 
From hence an ordinary Perfon 
would certainly have underftood, that 
His Majefty's Intentions (which a- 
mount to a Confent) had been fig- 
cified previous to the Recital : And 

that 



(9 ) 
that His Majefty was allowed thereby 
to be fudge of what could be conveni- 
ently f pared : But as that Recital, 
though it feems ftrongly to imply His 
Majefty 's previous Confe?tt^ had not 
clearly and expHcitly exprefled tl>e 
lame, and not having done fo, might 
occaiion future Cavils on that Head ; 
it is faid (and I prefume the Fa<^-is 
well known to be true) that Objedli- 
ons were made to this Bill, on that 
Account, by thofe, to whom it was, 
as ufual, referred in Great-Britain. 
How it happened, that His Majefty 's 
Confent was not by them, at thstt 
Time, inferted, may I think be fair- 
ly accounted for ; as the Omiflion on 
this fide, feemed to have been occa- 
lioned meerly by the Novelty of the 
Cafe, without any Intention of quefti- 
oning the King's Right : And it was 
the lefs neceflary to make the Altera- 
tion then ; becaufe it was highly pro- 
bable, the like application of Part of 

B the 



( lO ) 

theReudue of the Money in theTrea- 
fury would be made the next Seffions; 
and then the Cojtfent might be Ori- 
ginally inferted in the Jiill, which, 
as might reafonably be fuppofed, 
would pafs without Objedion. In 
Fact, the Bill in One thoufand feven 
hundred and forty>nine was returned 
as fent over, and afterwards received 
the Royal Affent. 

l-.'His Grace the Duke of Dorfet fuc- 
ceeded the Earl of Harrington as 
Lord Lieutenant. And as there re- 
mained a confiderable Sum in the 
Treafury, His Grace in his Speech 
from the Throne, on opening the 
Seflion of One thoufand feven hun- 
dred and fifty-one, declared to the 
Houfe of Commons, " that he was 
♦' commanded by the King, to ac- 
" "quaint them, that His Majefty, 
*' ever attentive to the Eafe and 
*'. Happincfs of His Subjeds, would 
*^ gracioufly Confe?it^ and recom- 

^' mended 



(•I ) 

*^ 77icnded it to them, that fuch 
" Part of the Money, then remain^ 
" ing in His Treafury, as fhould 
" be thoup-ht co?tJtJle?tt with the Pub- 
" lick Service^ be applied towards 
" the further Reduction of the Na- 
" tional Debt." This fhewed that 
His Majefty confidered his previous 
Confent^ as neceflary to that Applica- 
tiort. 

The Heads of the Bill, brought 
into the Houfe of Commons, in 
Confequencc of this Claufe in his 
Grace's Speech, and the Bill framed 
on thofe Heads recited, " thankful 
" Acknowledgments of His Ma- 
" jefty's gracious Attention to the 
" Eafe and Happinefs of His Sub- 
'' jeds, in recommending the Appli- 
*' cation of the Money remaining 
" in the Treafury, fo far as it might 
" be confiflent with the publick 
^, Service, towards the further Re- 
^ duclion of the NationaL Debt." 
B 2 •"■^^^^^-l^his 



( 12 ) 

This Recital did in the mofi: refpe^l- 
ful Manner, pxknowledge His Ma- 
jefty's Goodnefs in recom?nendi7tg the 
Application : Yet, by leaving out the 
Word Confenty impHed, that it was 
imagined, that fuch Conferit was not 
neceffary. The Bill, thus framed, was 
fent in the ufual Manner to G?'eat 
Britain^ where the Word Confent 
was inferted in the Bill returned under 
the Great Seal of Great Britain ; and 
was plainly fo inferted in Affirmance 
of what His Majefty infifted on, in 
right of His Prerogative. This Bill, 
thus altered, paffed both Houfes of 
Parliament w^ithout any Obje6lion,'Or 
a lingle Negative ; and received the 
Royal Affent. 

As this was the firft Inftance where- 
in this Right of the Crown was, even-^ 
feemingly, queftioned. This Ad muft 
be coniidered as a Precedent of the 
sreateft Weio;ht: For the Right in- 
fifted on by the Crown, and claim- 
^i ed, 



( 13 ) 

ed, as I may fay, in the Lord Lieu- 
tenant's Speech, was not admitted in 
the Bill, when fent to Great Britain ; 
and yet the Bill paffed, after it had 
been inferted as above-mentioned ; 
and it paffed without any Refolution 
again ft its being made a Precedent^ as 
was done in the Year One thoufand 
fix hundred and ninety- two, or any 
Intimation given, that fuch was the 
Intention of the Houfe. 

The Authority of this Precedent 
has been acknowledged to be of fuch 
Strength, that in order to weaken it, 
a Faliliood w^as induftrioufly propa- ; 
gated, and for fome Time believed * 
by many, viz. that fome Affurance 
had been given^ that the like would not 
he again injijled up07t ; or^ that this 
Bill Jhould not he drawn into Prece- \ 
dent. But this is now admitted, by • 
all who muft have known it, if true,iVi 
to be an idle Story, without the leaft 
Foundation in Fact. 

The 



( 14) 
The next Period was, on His 
Grace's Return to this Kingdom, to 
hold the prefent Seffions of ParUa- 
ment; when, as there remained the 
Sum of Seventy-feven thoufand five 
hundred Pounds of the National 
Debt unpaid, and alfo a large Bal- 
lance in the Treafury, His Grace in 
his Speech from the Throne, as in 
the precedent Seffion, declared to the 
Commons " that He was command- 
ed by His Majefty to acquaint 
them, that he would gracioufly 
confent^ and recommended it to them, 
that fo much of the Money remairi- 
ing in His Treafury as fhould be 
neceffary, be applied to the Dif- 
charge of the National Debt, or of 
fuch Part thereof as they fhould 
think expedient." 
As the whole Debt was now to be 
paid ofF, the Loan Duties were not 
necefTary to be continued : Confe- 
quently, the Bill was fingly for apply^ 
inz fo much of the Ballance in the 

Treafury, 



( 15 ) 

Treafury, for Diicharge of what re- 
mamed of the National Debt. And 
it has been received as an undoubted 
Fad:, that the Perfon employed to 
prepare the firft Draught of the Heads 
of fuch Bill, followed the Precedent 
of the former SefHon, in tranfcribing 
thence the Recital cf His Majefty s 
Confent. How, or on what Motives, 
this Recital was totally left out of the 
Heads of the Bill, when brought in- 
to Parliament, I fhall not prefume to 
conjedure : But it is certain, that the 
Heads of the Bill, as brought into 
the Houfe of Commons, and the Bill 
framed on thofe Heads, as tranfmit- 
ted to Great-Britain^ were without 
any Recital of His Majefly's previous 
Confent^ or even any Acknowledge- 
ment of His Majefty 's gracious Re- 
commendation or Intentionsy which 
had not been omitted in the two for- 
mer Bills. The Recital in the re- 
jeEied Bill ftood thus. ^^ And where- 



'' as 



( I6) 

** as on the twenty-fifth Day of 
*' March laft, a confiderable Bal- 
*' lance remained in the Hands of the 
" Vice Treafurers or Receivers Ge- 
** neral of this Kingdom, or their 
" Deputy or Deputies," We moft 
humbly pray, &c. The omitted Re- 
cital was inferted, in Great-Britain^ 
immediately after the other, in the 
Words following, " And your Ma- 
*' jefty, ever attentive to the Eafe and 
*' Happinefs of your faithful Sub- 
*' jeds, has been gracioufly pleafed 
*' to fignify, that you would confenty 
*' and to recommend it to us, that fo 
*' much of the Money remaining in 
" your Majefty's Treafury, as fhouid 
" be neceflary, be applied to the 
" Difcharge of the National Debt, 
" or of fuch Part thereof, as fliould 
*' be thought expedient by Parlia- 
*' ment." As this Recital was the 
jonly Part of the Bill, to which the 
-Committee of the Houfe of Com- 
mons 



( 17 ) 

mons afterwards difagreed, and as hf 
the Parliamentary Proceedings in this 
Kingdom, Bills tranfmitted under the 
Great Seal of G?^eat-Britain^ mufi: be 
received as fe?zt^ or rejedled; it may 
be juilly prefumed, that the Bill was 
rejeded merely on that Account. 

I prefume, no Perfon could be fur- 
prized to find the omitted Recital re- 
ftored in Great-Britam. The Crown 
was ev^idently under this Dilemmia, 
either to make the Alteration, or to 
give up the Right in Queftion. The 
Letter, which is faid to have come 
from His Majefty's Privy Council in 
Great-Britai?t^ figned by all the Of- 
ficers of the Law in the Council, and 
by the principal Officers of the State, 
ftrongly exprefles His Majefty's, as 
weir as their, Senfe of this Right in 
the Crown: And the whole Proceed- 
ings declared, that the inferting the 
Recital was only in affirmance of that 
Right, and noti^inpiAttempt to ac- 
^oD io bluoH eC quire 



( iH ) 
quire any new Power ; which brings 
the Whole to this {inglc Queftion, 
whether the "/f^z/J} cf applying the 
Money given by Parliament to the 
Crcwn^ without ajiy Jpecial Kyykovki- 
ATioN, . and in the aEliial Receipt of 
His Majejlys Ireafury^ is by the 
Laws a?id Conjlitntion of this King- 
do jn^ vejied in the Crown for pub lick 
Services? If the Affirmative be true, 
His Majcfty, under that conftitutional 
Trufl^ mull be the Judge of the Oc- 
cafion, the Time, and the Sum; for 
He folely has the executive Power, 
and knows the various Exigencies of 
Government, and w^hich of them 
ought to have the Preference in the 
Application. Confequently, when an 
AppUcatio7i fliall be propofed by any 
other Power, His Confent mufl: be 
obtained previous thereto. To ob- 
ject to any particular manner of iig- 
nifying or receiving fuch Corfent.,. is 
playing with Words 3 fince if His Con- 
fent 



( 19) 

fent be neceflary, that Manner of fig- 
nifying, or receiving it, which leaves 
leaft Occafion to queftion the Right, 
is what ought to be obferved \ and as 
a Parliamentary Acknowledgment will 
beft anfwerxhat End, it would be vain 
to objed thereto, if the Right be ad- 
mitted. But if that Right be denied, 
or doubted, then the Queftion upon 
that Right will come properly and. 
fairly under Confideration ; and there- 
fore, whether this Right be Part of 
the Prerogative is the true Queft;on, 
on which the Receivino; or Reiedino; 
the Recital of the King's Confent in 
that Bill ought to depend. '1 his is 
very different from .the Queftion, 
whether any new Power ihould be 
granted ? The one is a Queftion upori 
the Right, and may be afierted by 
the Power, which claims to be inti- 
tuled to it; without any Defign to 
incroach upon the Rights of others ; 
whereas the Attem.pts to acquire new 
C 2 Powers 



( 20 ) 

Powers (if not necefiary for the pub- 
lick Good) will ever create Jcaloufies 
and Sulpicions : And in this Light, I 
mufl: prefume the Queftion arifing 
from the Recital in this laft Bill has 
been conlidercd. 

Some indeed have imai^ined that 
the Recital's having been inferted in 
Great- Britain^ v^/as the Reafon of re- 
jeding the Bill : But 1 do not fup- 
pofe it could be fo. The Bill, to 
which this Addition was made, could 
not with Propriety be called a Mo?iey 
Bill^ for in my Apprehenfion, that 
Title fhould be reftrained to thofe 
Bills which grant Money to the 
Crown : But excluiive of this Obfer- 
vation, I think, that, as the Law now 
ftands, and. under our prefent Confti- 
tution, no one can fay, that Bills of 
all Sorts, fent from hence may not 
be altered, by His Majcfty in Great- 
Britain. Poynings\ Law, as ex- 
pounded by the Statute of the 3d and 

4th 



(21) 

4th of Philip and Mary^ is clear and 
exprefs, that the King may change or 
alter the Bills^ or any Part of them ; 
and this Power hath been conftantly 
exercifed. I fhall mention but a few, 
out of many, Infiances. The Bill 
for the Settlement of Ireland^ in the 
Reian of Kins; Charles II. was fo 
altered in Engkmd^ that it came over 
almoft a new Bill. There was a very 
great Alteration made in the iirft Bill 
to prevent the Growth of Popery^ in 
the Time of Queen A72ne ; and in the 
Year One thoufand feven hundred 
and twenty nine, there were feveral 
Alterations made in the Bill for the 
Loan Duties. I might mention many 
others : But in Truth, there are 
fcarce any, eve7t Money Bills, trant 
mitted' to Great Britain, that do not 
receive fome Alterations there. In 
thofe I have mentioned, and a Mul- 
titude of others, the Alterations have 
been material : In fome they have 

been 



( 22 ) 

been minute, probably made only in 
Affcrtion of the Right of doing fo. 
And therefore reje6ting the Bill, barely 
on Account ot the Alteration's being 
made in Great-Brit ah: ^ would be de- 
nying a known, fettled, conftitutional 
Right. . But when Objedions arife 
to the Subftance of the Alteration, it 
is juft and right to pafs, or put a 
Negative on fuch Bill, according to 
the Merits. 

I fliall therefore fubmit to the 
Reader's Confideration, fuch Reafons 
as feem to me conclulive to prove, 
that the Trujl of applying the Money 
given by Parliament to the Crowny 
without a?2y fpecial Appropriation, /V, 
by the Laws and Conjiitution of this 
Kingdom^ vejled in the Crown for pub- 
lick Services, 

And for the better underfianding 
of this Matter, it will be necefiary to 
ftate fhortly the feveral Branches of 
the publick Revenue, out of which 

the 



f 23 ) 

the Money paid into the Treafury 
arifes. The Reader therefore is to be 
informed, that the publick Revenue 
of this Kingdom confifts of His 
Majefty's Hereditary Revenue : The 
additional Duties granted for the bet-- 
ter Support of Govern?72ent : Ajtdthe ap- 
propriated Duties. But thefe laft being 
fpecialJy applied by Parliament at the 
Time of granting them, they are only 
paid into the Treafury for Conve- 
nience, and are not fubjed: to any 
other Application^ than that for which 
they were given. They are feparate- 
ly accounted for, and iffaed by 
different Warrants, being paid (ac- 
cording to the Directions of the feveral 
Ad:s of Parliament) to the Orders, 
or on the Receipts, of the Corpo- 
rations, or private Perfons, refpec- 
tiveJy interefled therein ; v^ithout 
any Warrant ligned by the Go- 
vernment. I fliall therefore dif- 

charge 



( H ) 
charge the Cafe of thofe Duties, and 
cqnfider it op the other two Branches. 

What is at prefent called the Kings 
Hereditary Revenue^ from it's being 
vefted in the King, His Heirs and 
Succeflbrs for ever, amounts i72 Grofs^ 
at a Adedium of the lafl eight Years, to 
about Four hundred and fixty thou- 
fand Pounds a Year: And the Branches 
of it are either fuch as the King is in- 
titled to at Common Law, or fuch 
as have been granted by feveral Ad:s 
of Parliament, in the Reign of King 
Charles the Second. The firft Clafs 
comprehends, Firfl, the Crown Reiits^ 
which are Rents referved to the Crown, 
on Grants made by the King, of 
Lands, Redories, Fairs, &c. and 
the prefent Amount of them, is about 
Fourteen thoufand Pound a Year. 
Secondly, the Compofitio?i Rents^ which 
are Rents agreed to be paid in lieu 
of Cefs and Prefs. Moft of thefe 

arife 



( 25 ) 
arife from the Province of Connaught 
and County of Clare^ under the 
Conipolition made with Sir yohii 
Perroty Lord Deputy in Queen Eli- 
zabeth\ Time : But there are fome 
which depend on a Compofitmi made 
with oir PFiiliam Fitzwilliams. The 
whole of thefe Co7'npofition Rents is 
now computed at about OneThoufand 
Pounds a Year. The next Article of 
this Clafs^ is the old Pow^dage ; a 
Duty the King was intitled to, by a 
very old Statute, on all Goods Im- 
ported, or Exported, and which by 
the Statute of the Fifteenth of King 
Henry the Seventh, was fixed to 
I'welve Pence in the Pound, ac- 
cording to the Value of the Goods. 
The Annual Amount of this cannot 
be fet out, as it is blended with 
the new Poundage and Tunnage* 
Fourthly, the Light-Houfe Duties^ 
amounting to about Five Flundred 
Pounds a Year, make the next Ar- 

D tide. 



( 26 ) 

tide. Fifthly, the cafiial Revenue ; 
confifting of Forfeitures^ Fiiies^ Sei- 
zures^ Cujlodtani Rents^ and other 
Particulars, amounting, conijnunibus 
Annis^ to about One thoufand five 
hundred Pounds, makes the laft Ar- 
ticle. 

The Produce of this firft Clafs will 
be admitted to belong to the Crown, 
to be applied by the Crown, under 
the CGnJiilutiofial Trujl^ for publick 



Services. 



The other Branches compofing 
the fecond Clafs, though granted by 
particular Ads of Parliament, ap- 
pear to have been granted in Lieu of 
Others, to which the Crown was at 
Common Law intitled, but for the 
Eafe of the Subjed; have been parted 
with. And therefore the Duties 
granted by thofe Ads, muft be 
confidercd as under the fame TruJI | 
'with thofe they came in Lieu of, un- 
* lefs fuch TruJ} be varied, or new 

Ones 



{ 27) 

Ones fixed by exprefs Words in thofe, 
or fome other, Acls of Parliament. 

iCbe ^luit RentSy amounting to a- 
bove Fifty thoufand Pounds a Year, 
were referved, in purfuance of the 
Ad: of Settlement, out of the For- 
feitures, on account of the Rebellion, 
which began in One thoufand fix 
hundred and forty one. 7he Hearth 
Mo?teyy now amounting to about 
Fifty thoufand Pounds a Year, was 
given in Lieu of the Court of Wards :■ 
Aiad from the firft Confideration men- 
tioned in the Excife Ad, I think it 
may be not unreafonably inferred, 
that Tbat Branch, which at a Medi- 
um of the lafl: eight Years, amounts 
to about One hundred and ninety 
thoufand Pounds a Year, was ah'b 
given as a Compeniation for the For- 
feitures parted with, for the Settle- 
ment of the Kingdom. But indeed, 
from the Hiftory of thofe Times, it 
may be collecled, that the parting 
D 2 with 



( 28 ) 
with the Forfeitures^ was much- more 
than a full Purchafe for all the Re- 
venue granted to King Charles the 
Second; and that it was the real In- 
ducement for making thofe Grants to 
Him. 

Thefe feveral Branches were grant- 
ed in different Manners. *Ihe iluit 
Rents^ the Excife^ the new Poundage^ 
and Tunnage^ and the JViite^ and 
Stro7ig Water Licenfes^ were given 
to the Crown, under the general 
Trujl^ without any Reftrid:ion. 

The Ad: of Excifey recites 
*' how much it will concern the 
" Peace, Tranquillity, and Welfare 
*' of His Majefly's Subjeds, that 
" fome certain Revenue be eftablifh- 
'^' ed for, and towards the conftant 
*' Pay of the Army, and for defray- 
'^^ing other puhlick Charges^ in the 
" Uefencey and Prefsrvation of the 
*' Realms And the A61 of Tunnage^ 
and Poundage^ after reciting the old 

Poundage^ 



{ 29 ) 

Potmdage^ and eftablilhing a Book of 
Rates, does, " for the better guard- 
" ing and defending of the Seas a- 
" gainft all Perfons intending, or 
'' that may intend,/ the Difturbance 
^^ of the Intercourfe of the Trade 
" of this His Majefty's Realm, and 
" for the better defraying the necefla- 
*' ry «Expences thereof, which cannot 
" be effected without great Charge j 
*' and for Increafe and Augmen- 
" tat ion of His Majejlys Revenue^^ 
Grant a further Subfidy of Poundage^, 
and a Sublidy of T'unnage, 

Thefe Recitals mention fome of the 
Motives for granting, and they fpecify 
fome of the publick Ufes, for which the 
Money ariling from thofe Grants, was 
given. But the general Words, for de- 
fraying other publick Charges for the 
Defence and Prefervation of the Realm^ 
in the one Ad: ; and the Words for In- 
creafe and Augmentation of His Ma- 

jeftfs 



(3o) 

jejlys Revenue^ in the other, do fhev/ 
that no Appropriation was intended, 
but that the Difcretionary Power of 
Application remained in the Crown. 

The Act, granting the Hearth Mo- 
ney^ reftrains the Crown from Charg- 
ing it with Gift, Grant, or Penfion. 
The Act, granting the Revenue of 
Ah Licenjesy reftrains the Crown 
from Farming it, or charging it with 
Gift, Grant, or Penfion. The Englijh 
A.Qtoi Refumpiion, [ii- William 111.) 
makes the Crown Rents^ ^lit RentSy 
and Chief riesy unaHenable ; and enacts, 
that they fhall for ever be, and re- 
main for the Support . and Mainte- 
nance, of the Government of this 
Kingdom. And thefe are the only 
Branches of the Hereditary Revenue^ 
which the Crown is reftrained, at this 
Day, from charging or ahening. But 
thefe Reftrictions differ widely from 
an Appropriation, The Crown can- 
not alien the Fund, becaufe it would 

deprive 



f 31 ) 
deprive the Publick of what was in- 
tended to go in Succejfton^ for the 
Support of Government, through the 
Adminiftration of the King then in 
being, His Heirs, and Succeffors. 
But the Right of the then Prince, to 
apply the current Produce for publick 
Services, neither was, nor was in- 
tended to be, thereby reftrained : And 
therefore thefe Branches, thus re- 
ftrained in Point of Alienation, re- 
main unapplied by Parliament, under 
the general Triijl for publick Ufes. 
And accordingly we find frequent 
Inftances, fince the Adl of Refump- 
tion^ where the Crown has remitted 
Arrears of Rent ; and this Power 
hath not been difputed. 

The next Branch to be confidered, 
is the additional Duties ; which are 
thofe granted to make good what 
the Hereditary Revenue could not 
anfwer. 

Thefe 



( 32 ) 

Thefe do not, as in the former 
Inftances, come in Lieu of Others, 
but are Grants " for the Support of 
" His Majefty's Government/' They 
are granted ge?ierally^ and not to an- 
fwer a particular Sum, which the 
ParHament is bound to make good, 
as is the Cafe of the Civil Liji Re- 
venues in Great-Britain : And fo far 
as they are granted without fpecial ^p- 
fropriationy they are granted to the 
Crown, under the fame general con- 
Jlitutional Trujl with the Hereditary 
Revenue \ and the Trujl repofed in 
the Crown, is the fame as to both. 

In the Ads, granting thefe addi- 
iional Duties^ feme Appropriations 
are generally fpecified ; as thofe to 
the Officers of the Houfe ; and, from, 
the Year One thoufand feven hun- 
dred and feventeen, to the Year One 
thoufand feven hundred and twenty- 
nine, to the Intcreft of the Loan : 
before particular Duties were fet a- 



( 33 ) 
part for that Purpofe. But this does 
not vary the Cafe : Thefe, for fo 
much as they amount to, are Appro- 
priations ; but the Refidue of the Pro- 
duce is, at large ^ under the general 
conjlitutional T^ruji» 

The Right of granting Money, 
is admitted to be in the Com- 
mons ; and thofe Grants are either 
general to the Crown, as in the Cafe 
of the Hereditary Revenue and addi- 
tional Duties^ or they are made fpe- 
cially, and the Ufes to which the 
Money granted is to be applied^ are 
exprefied. And, as in the one Cafe 
where there is a fpecial appropriating 
Claufe, the Money granted muft be 
applied to the Ufes fpecified ; fo on 
the other Hand, where the Grant to 
the Crown is without fuch Reftric- 
tion, the Truft of Application de- 
volves upon the Crown, and particu- 
lar Applications are always founded 
on the King's previous Confent, 

E That 



_ ( 34 ) 
That fuch T'rujl muft of ncceffity 
be vefted in the Crown, will appear, 
when we confider, that thefe Aids are 
granted for the Support of G over n- 
fnent : Now the King, who is at the 
Head of the State, and knows its 
various E^^igencies, alone can be pre- 
fumed to know how the Government 
can be ht^ ftipported. Such Trujis 
muft, in the Nature of Things, be 
lodged in the executive Powers of all 
States, or they could not fubfift — 
But again, if this Ifufi be not in the 
Crown, where is it vefted ? There is 
no fpecial Law for the Purpofe, ex- 
cept in the Cafes of Parliamentary 
Appropriations. To fay, it is in the 
Parliament, is abfurd : The Parlia- 
ment has uncertain Times of Meeting, 
but the Exigencies of Government 
are daily, and hourly. In many In- 
ftances, they cannot admit of Delay, 
and would be defeated if difclofed : 
And vet all tin fe muft be unprovided 
- for,' 



^ .... 10 :L .35 ) 
for, unlefs fuch a Tru/ be admitted 
in the Crown. In this Kingdom, the 
annual Expence of Government, is 
always difcharged by the King, out 
of the Produce of the unappropriated 
Funds J and muft be fo, or thofe necef- 
faryExpences of Government would 
be unprovided for, we not having 
appropriated Funds for the Purpofe, 
as they have in E7igla?2d. 

If fuch Trujl be in the Crown, 
the King's Confent is neceflary previous' 
to puhlick Deliberations on the Ap- 
plication ; otherwife fuch Delibera- 
tions thereon, might lay the Crown 
under great Difficulties, and be at- 
tended witli bad Confequences to 
Government. 

If any further Evidence be necef- 
fary to prove this Right in the Crown, 
the Proceedings in Parliament admit 
it. In the Houfe of Commons in 
Great-Britain^ where the Right of 
the Crown is to be affcded, the 
E 2 Crown 



( 36 ) 
Crown is applied to, and His Maje- 
fty's Confent is fignified by fome of 
his Servants, impowcred by him, to 
give fuch Confent^ which is accom- 
panied with His Majefty's Recommen- 
:» dation^ where He deftres the thing may 
be done : Some Inftances of this Sort 
I fhall mention. April 20th, One 
thoufand feven hundred and twenty- 
five, the Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer^ fignified His Majefty's Confent^ 
previous to receiving the late Lord 
I Bolingbroke s Petition, praying that 
I Leave might be given to bring in a 
Bill, to enable him, notwithftanding 
his Attainder, to enjoy the Eftate of 
his Family fettled on him, and to enjoy 
his perfonal Eftate, and to purchafe. 
The King's previous Co7tfent was ne- 
cefl'ary, becaufe His Right to the 
Forfeitures might be affecled. In 
One thoufand feven hundred and 
thirty-three, the like Confent was fig- 
pified o\\ bringing in the Excife Bill, 

and 



^Z7 ) 
and in One thoufand feven hundred 
and thirty- fix, on bringing in the 
Gm Bill, becaufe fome of the Cm/7 
JLiJi Revenue might be affedled by 
both thofe Bills. The like was done 
in One thoufand feven hundred and 
thirty-eight, on a Petition of the 
Dean and Chapter of Wejlminjler^ 
for Money for the Repairs of their 
Cathedral. The Reafon of His 
Majefty's previous Co7ifent in this 
Cafe, I take to be, that the Grant 
would be an Appropriation, and 
take fo much out of the General 
Trujl in the Crown. But it is need- 
lefs to enumerate Inftances of what, I 
believe, is the coni ant Pradice. I 
have met with one Inftance where 
it is mentioned in the Ad: of Parlia- 
ment : It is the Ad: of the Firft of 
His late Majefly, for raijing Money 
for publick Ufes out of the Rebels 
EJlates. The Preamble takes Notice 
of His Majefty's gracious Condefcenfi" 

on 



( 38 ) 
GH^ in this Behalf. This is not only 
an Acknowledgment of the King's 
Confenty but of a Favour in his giving 
it, for fuch I take the Import of the 
Word Coyidefcenfton to be. The 
Reafon of this Acknowledgement 
was, that the Rebels Eftates were 
Forfeitures, vefted in the Crown, 
which His Majefty in His Speech from 
the Throne had declared he would 
give up, to be applied towards defray- 
ing the extraordinary Expence occa- 
fioned by the Rebellion. In Ireland^ 
almoft every Seffion affords Inftances 
of Acknowledgments of this Right, 
in the feveral Addrefles of the Houfe 
of Commons for Money. They 
addrefs the Lord Lieutenant, to lay 
before His Majefty their humble De- 
fire^ that His Majefty would be plea- 
fed out of His Royal Bounty to give 
certain Sums. This is defiring a Fa- 
vour, and acknowledging a Bounty ; 
which would be abfurd, if the Crown 
had not the Right of ^pplicatio?;. 

Such 



( 39 ) 

Such Addrefles were made to the 
Crown, both this and the laft Sef- 
fions, in Favour of the College, and 
Charter-Schools. yp+ t rl'^rr 

, Again, if this Right be not in the^ 
Crown, how comes it to pafs, thatt 
His Majefty's Letters^ under His Sign 
Manual, for the Payment of Money, ^ 
out of the Treafury, have alwaysi 
been obeyed, and never queftioned 
in Point of Law ? On the contrary. 
It is the received Opinion amongft 
the Lawyers, that His Majeft/s Court 
of Exchequer^ in whom the judicial 
Powers relating to the Revenues of 
the Crown are vefted, have no Power 
over the Money in the Treafury ; but 
that the Application muft be by Peti- 
tion to the King. 

In the next Place, it may be pro- 
per to confider the Objedlions made 
againft this Claim of Right. 

As to the Objedion, that under 
Poynings\ Law, the Bills come at 
firft from the Crown, and therefore 

the 



( 40 ) 
the very bringing them into the Houfe, 
is a fufficient Signification of the 
King's previous Confent ; it has been 
already fufficiently anfwered. If the 
Right be certain, it ought to be ac- 
knowledged in that Manner, which 
will leave the leaft Room for. doubt. 
But there is a Fallacy in this Objedi- 
on, for though our Conjlitution be 
fuch, yet we know, that in Fa<ft, 
. Money Bills are generally framed on 
Heads that have been prepar^ed ip ^}?e 
Houfe of Commons. ^'^^ ' t^ •^. ^ 
The principal Objedlion is, that 
the Produce of thefe feveral Funds, 
is accounted for to Parliament ; and 
from thence it has been inferred, 
that it is publick Money, fubjedl ta 
Parliamentary AppUcatmty without 
other Confent^ than what is given by 
the Royal Affent to the Bill, when 
paffed into a Law. This feems 
founded on a Miftake, as to the Rea- 
fon, and Manner, of laying the pub- 
. . lick 



( 41 ) 
lick Accounts before the Houfe of 
Commons, as will appear from a fhort 
Hiftory of this Ufage, and an Account 
of the Effeds of it. 

No Account of the Difpofition of 
the King's Revenue in this Kingdom, 
was laid before Parliament till the 
Year One thoufand fix hundred and 
ninety-two, when the Crown wanted 
further Supplies. Then indeed, a 
Motion was made, that fuch Accounts 
might be brought in : But the Rea- ^ 
fon of the Motion appears on thd ' 
Journal, viz. " that it might be the 
^* better known what Supplies were 
*' necelTary to be given to Their 
" Majefties ;" fo that they were not 
called for as a Right, but defired as 
a Dire&io72 for their Difcretion in the 
Grants they were making : And for the 
fame Reafon they have been, every Sef- 
lions fmce, brought into Parliam'ent : 
So that, in Truth, were not Supplies 
demanded, fuch Accounts would not 
have been tendered : And the going 

F through 



( 42 ) 
through the Accounts, is only to en- 
able the Houfe to judge, what may be 
the Meafure for the Supply ; not to 
appropriate the Balance, if any there 
fhould be ; for that remains as Money 
already vefted in the Crown, for pub- 
lick Services : And I do not know of 
any Inftance, where fuch Balance has 
ever been appropriated by Parliament, 
without the previous Confent of the 
Crown. 

The Account I have now given, is 
confirmed by the Proceedings in the 
Year One thoufand feven hundred 
and nine, when there was the largeft 
Balance in the Treafury that ever 
was before the Earl of Harringtons 
Time. The Parliament did not up- 
propriate it, nor dired it's AppUcd- 
tion ; though this might perhaps be 
a Reafon of their making the Grant 
of the additional Duties in that Sef- 
fions the lefs, for I find, they ap- 
propriated to the Li?ien ManufaSiure 
the Duties on imported Linen, and 

Callicoes, 



( 43 ) 
Callicoes, which in the Seffions be- 
fore had been given for the Support 

of Government. ,lnoi ?io1b!?M ^rfV 
Further. The Accounts ftated. by 
the Committee pf the Houfe of Comr 
mons frequently do, .and muft, vary 
from thofe ftated by the Commiffi- 
oners of Accounts ; the former taking 
Credit where the Demands are out- 
ftanding, and uncertain Debts, and 
not giving Credit for other Articles ; 
by which the Balances ftruck by the 
Committee and the Commiflioners 
vary. But this does not alter the 
Manner of Accounting in the Trea- 
fury before the Commiflioners, or in- 
duce a Charge on theTreafury exceed- 
ing the Balance ftruck by them. The 
only Ufe made of the Accounts in 
Parliament is, as a Meafure of what 
they ftiall provide for publick Ser- 
vices ; but they leave the Application 
of the Money, when raifed, under the 
general Trtiji in the Crown. 

,F 3 The 



, ( 44 ) 
^jcij r The Saying, that this is publick 
*, Money, being given by the PubHck, 
and therefore to be accounted for to 
them, is unfair Reafoning : For, if 
the PubUck have once intrufted the 
;- Crou^n by the general Grant, whilll: 
-1, that T'rtijl remains, the Difpoiition is 
^i: in the Crown, fubjed: always to the 
K Trujl upon which it was veftcd, for 
the Ufe of the Publick. And here 
»v it may not be amifs to obferve, that 
TV, it is a fettled Point in Law, that the 
K-ing's Prerogative cannot be affeded 
: by hnpllcatiGn^ or taken away but 
by clear Words in an Act of Parlia- 
ment, or exprefs Conceflions from the 
Crown. 

To fay there are no Precedents of 
., fuch Confcnt in Afe of Parliament, 
-'^- were the Objeclion true, would be of 
no Weight, unlefs it can be made to 
appear, that there have been Acts to 
apply the Money, after it came into 
the Receipt of the Treafury : Which 
I prcfume there are not, becaufe till 

this 



(45 ) 
this Occafion, the Produce of the 
Funds have not exceeded the annual 
Charge of Government, fo as to ren- 
der the Balance an Objed: of publick 
Regard. 5. djiU jv*]!! :^xj;iuiji j;.:i 

Some irideed hare fafd, tha? the 
paffing the pubHck Accounts in Par- 
liament, wherein Payments by the 
King's Letters are an Article, and 
being allowed, are confirmed, ought 
only to be confidered as an Allow- 
ance of neceffary Payments to go in 
that Courfe. But this Diftindion will 
not remove the Difficulty. Either 
thefe Letters are legal Warrants, or 
they are not. If they be not, the 
Committee of Accounts cannot make 
them fo ; and what can leffen the 
Dignity of the Crown, or the Ho- 
nour of the Houfe of Commons, fo 
much, as the fuppofing thefe War- 
rants are unconftitutional, and that 
ornrPayments made under their Autho- 
rity are illegal ? It were to be wifhed, 
that thofe who make the Objedion 

would 



( 46 ) 

would fLcw any other Method, by 
which Money can be ifllicd out of the 

1 o raiie the Fears and Suipicions 
of the People, by Infinuations drawn 
from a PoffibiHty of this Power's be- 
ing abufed, may anfwer the Ends of 
Clamour, but ought not to have any 
Weight as an Argument, if this 'Trujl^ 
vefted in the Crown, be Part of our 
prefent Conftitution. Poffible Abufe 
may be confidered, where Powers are 
to be given, or taken away ; but 
whilft the Power fubfifts, an Abufe 
of it is not to be prefumed^ Jior can 
fuch Prefumption warrant the with-*^ 
holding the Rights confequent on 
fuch Power. In all cafes Power may 
be abufed, but yet it muft: neceffarily 
be lodged fo me where for the ordinary 
Purpofes of Life, as well as of Go- 
vernment. Will any one fay, that 
there ought not to be Executors or 
Truflees^ becaufe they may abufe 
their Truft f But how iniurious are 

— '"^" -^" fuch 



( 47 ) 

fuch Infinuations on the prefent Oc- 
cafion, where the Crown recommends 
the Application^ and offers to Confenty 
that the Money in the Treafury 
fhould h^ applied to pay off what 
remained of the National Debt ? Nor 
is the Publick without a Remedy in 
Cafe of Abufe : The true parliamen- 
tary Check will always remain, ei- 
ther to withold future Grants, in Pro- 
portion to Mifapplications, or to pu- 
nifh thofe, who (hall wickedly advife 
fuch Ads as would be a Breach of 
the publick 7r2^^. 

The candid Reader will now judge, 
whether any Occafion has been juftly 
given for thofe inflaming Reports, 
which have been fpread Abroad a- 
mongft the People, of Attempts to 
give new Powers to the Crown ; or 
for thofe Infinuations, by which the 
People have been milled to think the 
publick Treafure was in Danger. 
Their Senfe of this Danger appears 
ftom their Condud; and let thofe 

who 



( 48 ) 
who have given Rife to, or increafed 
thefe Apprehenlions, anfvver for the 
Confequences, which may attend the 
aHenating the Minds of His Majefty's 
Subjeds of this Kingdom from the 
Government, and confequently, from 
the Perfon of His Majefty, The 
Defign of thefe Sheets is to fhew> 
that fuch Fears are groundlefs, and 
that His Majefty's Condu6l towards 
His People has in this, as in every 
Inftance of his Reign, been equally 
juft with Regard to their Liberties^ 
and His Royal Prerogative ; and if 
they fhall, in any Degree, contribute 
to remove Jealoufies, from the Minds 
of the hitherto dijlinguijhedly affec- 
tionate Subjedls to His Majefty, the 
End of this Pamphlet will be fully 
anfwered. 



APPENDIX, 



4 ^^ 



APPENDIX. 



1 



^HAT the candid Read- 
^'^^ er may be truly in- 
/' formed of the real Im- 
port of the Bill to which thefe 
Sheets refer, I have annexed a 
Copy of the faid Bill, as tranf. 
mitted under the Great Seal of 
Great-Britain ; together with 
His Majefty's Commijfion to 
His Grace the Lord Lieute- 
nant, for giving the Royal 
Aflent thereto, from a Duplin 
cate thereof, now in the Secre- 
tary^ Office. 

G The 



,JJI3 :jiii 



trTsO 



KrrT\ 



\ 



( 5' ) 

The BILL. 

An AB for Payment of the Sum of 
Seventy-Jeven thoufand five hun- 
dred Pou7tdsy or fo much thereof^ as 
jhall re7nai7t due on the Twenty-fifth 
Day of December y One thoufand 
[even hundred and fifty-three^ in 
Difcharge of the National Debt^ 
together with Interefl for the fame^ 
at the Rate of Four Pounds per 
Centum per Annum^ from the f aid 
Twenty 'fifth Day of December ^ Om 
thoufand feven hundred and fifty- 
three^ until the Twenty-fifth Day 
of March y One thoufa?td feven hun- 
dred a7td fifty-four, 

WHEREAS by an Ad:, paffed 
the laft Seffion of Parliament, 
intituled, An Ad for Payment of 
the Principal Sum of One hundred 
and twenty thoufand Pounds, in Dif- 
G 2 charge 



( 52 ) 
charge of fo much of the National 
Debt, and for Granting to His Ma- 
jefty an additional Duty on Wine^ 
Silk^ HopSy Clmtay Earthen japan-- 
ned^ or lacquered IVare^ and Vinegar^ 
and alfo a Tax of Four ShilHngs in 
the Pound, on all Salaries, Profits of 
Employments, Fees and Penfions, to 
be applied to difcharge the Intereft 
of the faid principal Sum, until the 
fame fhall be paid ; and alfo to pay 
an Intereft of Four Pounds per Cen- 
tum per Annum-i for the Sum of One 
hundred and feventeen thoufand five 
hundred Pounds, which will remain 
due, after Payment of the faid Sum 
of One hundred and twenty thou- 
fand Pounds, and towards the Dif- 
charge of the faid Sum of One hun- 
dred and feventeen thoufand five 
hundred Pounds, or fo much there- 
of as fhall remain due on the Twen- 
ty-fifth Day of Decejnher^ One thou- 
land feven hundred and fifty-one ; 

feveral 



( 53 ) 
fever al Aids and Duties were granted, 
and continued to your Majefty, from 
the Twenty- fifth Day of December^ 
One thoufand feven hundred and fifty- 
one, until the Twenty-fifth Day of 
December^ One thoufand feven hun- 
dred and fifty-three inchjfive, for the 
Payment of the principal Sum of 
One hundred and feventeen thoufand 
five hundred Pounds, with the In- 
tereft thereof, and for other Purpofes 
therein mentioned. And Whereas 
the feveral Aids and Duties granted, 
and continued to Your Majefty by 
the faid recited Adl, have not proved 
fufiicient to pay off, and difcharge 
the faid Principal Sum of One hun- 
dred and feventeen thoufand five 
hundred Pounds, and the Intereft 
thereof, as by the faid recited Ad: is 
direded, but the Sum of Seventy 
feven thoufand five hundred Pounds, 
or the greateft Part thereof will re- 
main unpaid on the faid Twenty-fifth 

Day 



( 54- ) 
Day of December^ One thoufand 
feven hundred and fifty- three. And 
WHEREAS, on the Twenty-fifth Day of 
March laft, a confiderable Balance 
remained in the Hands of the Vice 
Treafurers, or Receivers General of 
this Kingdom, or their Deputy, or 
Deputies: " And Your Majefty, ever 
attentive to the Eafe and Happi- 
nefs of Your faithful Subjedls, has 
been gracioufly pleafed to fignify, 
that You would confent, and to 
recommend it to Us, that fo much 
of the Money remaining in your 
Majefty 's Treafury as fhould be 
neccffary, be applied to the Dif- 
charge of the National Debt, or 
of fuch Part thereof as fliould be 
thought expedient by Parliament ;'* 
We moft humbly pray, that it may 
be enadcd, And be it enacted bv 
the King's Moft Excellent Majefty, by 
and with the Advice and Confent of 
the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, 
and Commons in this prefent Parlia- 
ment 



( 55 ) 
merit aflembled, and by the Autho- 
rity of the fame, that fo much of the 
faid Balance, remaining in the Hands 
of the Vice Treafurers or Receivers 
General of this Kingdom, or their 
Deputy or Deputies, upon the Twen- 
ty-fifth Day of March laft, as fhall 
be for that Purpofe neceffary, be by 
them applied to pay ofF and difcharge 
the faid principal Sum of Seventy-fe- 
ven thoufand five hundred Pounds, 
or fo much thereof as {hall remain 
due on the faid Twenty-fifth Day of 
Decembery One thoufand feven hun- 
dred and fifty-three ; after the Ap- 
plication of the Money arifing from 
the Aids and Duties heretofore grant- 
ed for the Payment thereof, and alfo 
to pay an Intereft for the fame, after 
the Rate of Four Pounds per Centmn 
per Annunty from the faid Twenty- 
fifth Day of Decembery One thou- 
fand feven hundred and fifty-three, 
until the Twenty-fifth Day oi March^ 

One 



{ 56 ) 

One thoufand feven hundred and fifty 
four. And be it further enaded by 
the Authority aforefaid, that all and 
every Perfon or Perfons, his, her or 
their Executors, Adminiftrators or 
Afligns, who fhall on the faid Twen- 
ty-fifth Day of March^ One thou- 
fand feven hundred and fifty-four, be 
poflefled of, and entitled to any Or- 
ders or Receipts which have been if- 
fued out of Your Majefty's Treafury 
for any Loan, in purfuance of any 
Kdi of Parliament heretofore made, 
fhall on the faid Twenty- fifth Day of 
March^ One thoufand feven hundred 
and fifty four, or as foon after as he, 
fhe or they flhall apply for the fame, 
be paid by the Vice Treafurer, or 
Vice Treafurers, his or their Deputy or 
Deputies, out of the faid Balance fo 
remaining in their Hands, the princi- 
pal Sums to him, her ©r them refpec- 
tively due, and all Intcreft which fhall 
be due to them refpedively for fuch 

principal 



( 57 ) 
principal Sums, upon the faid Twenty 
fifth Day of March, One thoufand 
feven hundred and fifty-four, at the 
Rate of Four Pounds per Centum 
per An7ni7n, and fhall upon Payment 
thereof, deHver up his, her or their 
refpedive Orders or Receipts to the 
Vice Treafurer or Vice Treafurers, 
his or their Deputy or Deputies, to 
be Cancelled, which he or they are 
hereby required to receive and cancel 
accordingly ; and the Intereft; paya- 
ble by Virtue of fuch Orders or Re- 
ceipts, fhall, from and after the faid 
Twenty-fifth Day of March^ One 
thoufand feven hundred and fifty- 
four, ceafe and determine. 



D. Ryder. 



H 



( 58 ) 

The Commiffion. 

/^EORGE the Second, by the 
*^ Grace of God, oi Great-Britain^ 
France^ and Ireland^ King, Defender 
of the Faith, and fo forth. To Our 
Right Trufty and Right entirely be- 
loved Coufin and Councillor, Lionel 
Duke of Dorfet^ Our Lieutenant-Ge- 
neral and General Governor of Our 
Kingdom of /r^/«W, and other Our 
Chief Governor or Governors of Our 
faid Realm, for the Time being, or 
which hereafter fhall be, Greeting. 
Where AS We have lately received from 
you Our faid Lieutenant-General and 
General Governor, and others of Our 
Council of that Realm, certain Bills 
to be coniidered upon, concerning 
Matters neceffary for our faid Realm : 
And having had Confideration there- 
of, Wc do by thcfe Prefents declare 

Our 



( 59 ) 

Our Royal Approbation of one of 
them hereunto annexed, and herein 
alfo particularly named, with the A- 
mendment and Alteration therein 
(that is to fay) An A6t for Payment of 
the Sum of Seventy feven thousand 
GiVe h':ndred Pounds, or fo much 
thereof as fhall remain due on the 
Twenty- fifth Day of December^ One 
thoufand {o-w^n hundred and fifty- 
three, in Difcharge of the National 
Debt, together with Intereft for the 
fame, at the Rate of Four Pounds per 
Centum per Annwn^ from the faid 
Twenty-fifth Day oi December^ One 
thoufand feven hundred and fifty- 
three, until the Twenty- fifth Day of 
Marchy One thoufand feven hundred 
and fifty-four ; And do return the 
fame unto You, under Our Great Seal 
oi Great-Britain^ fignifying alfo unto 
You, by thefe Prefents, that Our Plea- 
fure and Commandment is, that the 
faid Bill and Matters therein contain- 

ed, 



( 6o ) 

cd, being aiTyled together with thefe 
Pfefents, Ye fhall Hkewife caufe to 
be conlidered, and treated upon in 
Our Parliament, begun, holden, and 
continued within Our faid Realm, 
and to the fame Bill and Matters, be- 
ing agreed and concluded ]Lipon in 
Our faid Parliament, give and declare 
Our Royal Affent, by Virtue of thefe 
Prefents ; which fhall alfo be your 
fufficient Warrant in that Behalf. In 
Witness whereof, we have caufed 
thefe Our Letters to be made Patent. 
Witness Ourfelf at Weftmtnjler^ the 
Thirtieth Day of November^ in the 
Twenty- feventh Year of Our Reign. 

By the King Himfelf. 

2^0 Nov, 1753, D. Ryder. 
YoRKE and Yorke.