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CERTIFICATE: By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture the matter contained herein is published as statistical information and is required for the proper transaction of 
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Washington, D. C, December 1938 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



In This Issue 

Crop reports : Pa ? e 

Corn, utilization of 260 

Cost of producing field crops, 1937 298-299 

Cotton report as of December 1 278 

Crop report dates 265 

Final crop report of the year 257-290 

Pig crop report, December 1 296-297 

Planted acreage of spring sown crops 258 

Prices received by farmers : 

Monthly averages and index numbers 262, 291-293 

Summary, by months, for important crops 293-295 

Winter wheat and rye, seeded acreage 259 

Market reports : 

Cotton 311 

Dairy and poultry products 306-308 

Feed-Seed ... 310 

Grain 309 

Livestock and livestock products 301-305 



General Crop Report as of December 1, 1938 

The end-of-the season survey of the Nation's crops by the 
Crop Reporting Board confirms earlier indications of a remark- 
ably high average of crop yields per acre on a below-average 
acreage. In 1938, crop yields per acre were nearly 11 percent 
above, and the aggregate acreage of crops harvested was 3J4 
percent below, the averages for the 1923-32 period, which period 
preceded the recent severe drought years. Crop production, 
which was also affected by the shift from corn and cotton to less 
intensive crops, was nearly 5 percent above average and nearly 
as high as in the most favorable seasons of the last 20 years, 
excepting only 1937 when exceptionally heavy yields per acre 
resulted in a production more than 13 percent above the pre- 
drought average. 

The favorable character of the season appears most striking 
when comparison is made with the recent drought years. In 
contrast to the 1938 composite production of the 53 principal 
crops, equal to 104.8 percent of the 1923-32 average, production 
was only 88.2 percent of average in 1933, when drought reduced 
crops in the Great Plains area and over 10 million acres of cotton 
were plowed up. In 1934 when the record-breaking drought 
affected nearly the whole country except the southeast, produc- 
tion declined further to 71.6 percent of the average. In 1935 
there was substantial recovery to 94.6 percent, followed by a 
drop to 79.6 percent in 1936 when the second great drought 
spread over nearly the entire country east of the Rockies. 
Because of low crop production in these 4 years, the average 
level of crop production during the 1927 to 1936 period, which is 
customarily used as a base for comparison, was only about 94 
percent of the 10-year pre-drought average. 

Because of large reserves carried over from the bumper crops of 
last season, supplies of some crops which can be stored are 
relatively larger this season than the production figures alone 
would indicate. Supplies of apples, cottonseed, buckwheat, and 
domestic flaxseed appear below average, but considering all 
crops and also the various sections of the country in comparison 
with recent years, signs of real crop shortages seem noticeably 
lacking. This appearance of an abundance of crops, however, 
is due in part to the relatively small numbers of livestock on the 
farms to consume the grain and to a lower level of domestic and 
115651—39 — — 1 



foreign demand than was considered normal a few years ago. 
On a per capita basis the level of crop production is not high. 
With crop production this year placed at 104.8 percent of the 
1923-32 or pre-drought average, and population at 109.6 
percent of the average for that period, crop production per 
capita would appear to be at least 4 percent lower than in the 
pre-drought period. Even last year's bumper crops were only 
about 4 percent above the pre-drought level. Comparison with 
the per capita crop production in earlier decades back to 1900 or 
possibly beyond would result in a progressively less favorable 
showing. 

The total area of 45 crops harvested in 1938 is estimated to 
have been just a little under 342,000,000 acres compared with 
just over 341,000,000 acres in 1937, an average of 320,000,000 
acres during the 4 drought years, and 354,000,000 aeres during 
the preceding decade. Between 1937 and 1938 harvested acreages 
declined in most States, but there was an increase of about 
9,000,000 acres in the Great Plains States from Kansas and 
Nebraska northward, due chiefly to the smaller loss of acreage 
from drought. 

The area of crops planted for harvest this year and subse- 
quently abandoned appears to have been about 14, 000, 000 acres. 
This was the smallest loss of acreage since 1932, but it was still 
an important item in the central and northern portions of the 
Great Plains where most of the losses occurred. Nearly half of 
the acreage lost was winter wheat, and nearly half of the re- 
mainder was spring wheat. 

Adding the estimated acreage lost to the acreage harvested 
indicates that there were some 356,000,000 acres on which crops 
were planted or grown. This exceeded the corresponding in- 
dications of acreage grown in 1934, when early drought checked 
planting, but it is below the acreage in all other years since 1924. 
It was 20,000,000 acres below the peak plantings of 1932. 

The most significant shifts in the acreages planted or grown 
this year appear to be the 3-million-acre decrease in corn and the 
more than 8-million-acre decrease in cotton. The acreage 
planted to these crops was the smallest since the turn of the 
century. The nearly 150,000-acre decrease in potatoes was also 
important for that crop, for it reduced the acreage planted to 
potatoes to the smallest since 1929. The 1,700,000-acre increase 
in tame hay appears to reflect a return part way towards the 
usual acreage of timothy and clover in the central and eastern 
Corn Belt States, following several seasons unfavorable for new 
seedings, and an upward trend in hay production in the South 
As part of the adjustment to drought-resisting crops the acreage 
of sweet sorghums for forage showed an increase this year of 
nearly 1,900,000 acres, or more than 60 percent, shared by all 
leading States. From South Dakota to Kansas, part of this 
increase was in substitution for other hay crops. 

Record acreages of soybeans and peanuts and a near-record 
acreage of cowpeas were threshed this year and a large acreage 
of velvet beans was grown. The acreage of dry beans harvested 
was reduced only slightly, and the total acreage of these annual 
legumes, as thus computed, was above 10,000,000 acres as com- 
pared with under 6,000,000 acres in years prior to 1930. The 
trend in the yield of soybeans, beans, and peanuts also appears 
to be upward. 

The production of food crops, which was particularly heavy 
last year, seems equally heavy this year although somewhat 
differently distributed. The wheat crop of nearly 931,000,000 
bushels is 55,000,000 bushels above production last year. Only 
three wheat crops — those of 1931, 1919, and 1915 — have been 
larger. Rye, estimated at 55,000,000 bushels, is 10 percent 

257 



258 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 









Planted Acreage of Spring Sown 


Crops, 1937 and 1938 














State 


Corr 


,all 


All spring 
wheat 


Durum 

wheat 


Other spring 
wheat 


Oats 


Barley 


Flaxseed 


Beans, dry 
edible 


Sugar 
beets 


Potatoes 




1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 




1,000 
acres 
10 
15 
74 
40 
10 

51 

072 

208 

1,368 

3,796 

4,752 
9, 367 
1,590 
2,424 
4,788 

11,082 
4,360 
1,042 
3,685 
8,782 

2,995 
143 
516 

1,480 
518 

2,326 
1,663 
4,203 
789 
2,906 

2,772 

3,227 
2,593 
2,032 
1,422 

1,790 
4, 526 

187 
36 

283 

1,365 

237 

33 

22 
2 

32 
66 
62 


1,000 

acres 
11 
16 
78 
40 
11 

50 

685 

197 

1,368 

3,568 

4,293 
8,430 
1,590 
2,351 
4,501 

10, 306 
4,260 
1,073 
3,427 
7,816 

2,456 
143 
501 

1,391 

477 

2,442 

1,846 

4,623 

805 

2,761 

2,689 
3.550 
3,034 
2,195 
1,620 

1,826 
4,776 

174 
32 

260 

1,160 
224 
33 

20 
2 

29 
55 
62 


1,000 
acres 
4 


1,000 
acres 

4 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 
4 


1,000 
acres 
4 


1,000 
acres 
113 

8 

55 

5 

2 

6 

752 

51 

915 

1,288 

1,540 
3,768 
1,288 
2,505 
4,282 

5,973 

1,566 
1,795 
1,836 
1,969 

1,568 

3 

38 

80 

85 

230 
458 
444 
9 
94 

80 
126 

51 
150 

45 

1,375 

1,410 
306 
124 
121 

168 
25 

9 
31 

3 

155 
280 
110 


1,000 

acres 

114 

8 

56 

6 

2 

6 

782 

48 

915 

1,138 

1,394 
3,618 
1,224 
2,455 
3,900 

5,973 
1,900 
1,616 
1,744 
1,949 

1,615 
3 

41 
92 
86 

253 

467 

426 

9 

63 

85 
132 

59 
135 

50 

1,361 

1,551 
282 
126 
136 

175 
31 
10 
28 
3 

158 
269 
121 


1,000 
acres 
4 


1,000 
acres 
4 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 

9 


1,000 

acres 

11 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 
170 
10.2 
16.5 
16.7 
4.3 

17 
227 

58 
205 
124 

54 

40 
278 
247 
241 

60 
55 
124 

28 

75 

30 
5 
30 
91 
32 

94 
26 
18 
34 
47 

39 
45 
21 
43 
44 

34 
54 
21 
124 
29 

114 
6 
2 

13.2 
2.3 

50 
49 
68 


1,000 
acres 


New Hampshire 














10 1 
















5 


5 






'3 


3 






16 
























16 7 


Rhode Island 






























4 3 
































17 


New York - 


5 


6 






5 


6 


133 

1 

63 

32 

27 

125 

210 

847 

2,041 

393 

124 

1,863 

1,845 

775 

514 


146 

2 

69 

28 

25 
158 
173 
771 
1,960 

451 

102 

1,584 

1,547 

953 

452 






163 


163 






220 


New Jersey — 














54 


Pennsylvania 


11 

8 

9 

37 

19 

63 

1,877 

19 

8 

10,071 

3, 470 

616 

6 


9 
5 

9 

30 

17 

53 

2,358 

25 

8 

10, 736 

3,632 

320 

12 






11 

8 

9 

37 

19 

63 

1,782 

19 

8 

7,721 

2,701 

616 

6 


9 
5 

9 

30 

17 

53 

2,263 

25 

8 

7,798 

2,809 

320 

12 














193 


Ohio— 














29 


53 


118 
















52 


Illinois 


















39 








8 

4 

473 

8 

5 

622 

90 

65 


10 

4 

458 

10 

4 

404 

50 
1 

55 


485 
5 
3 


466 
2 
3 


86 


128 


250 








212 




95 


95 






234 








58 
















54 


North Dakota 


2,350 
769 


2,938 
823 










135 


South Dakota — 










32 




24 
2 


22 
1 


65 


80 


86 








30 












4 
















36 

47 
5 

9 


41 

55 

5 

10 














26 




























79 




























32 


North Carolina 


























79 


South Carolina 


























24 
































18 
































34 
















35 
33 


39 

44 














45 




























39 




























42 
































19 
































40 
































43 


Oklahoma -- 














130 
122 
140 
103 
68 

512 

7 

20 

61 

8 

61 

130 

1,050 


210 
177 
143 
129 

78 

568 

8 

26 

62 

7 

64 

136 

1,102 














33 


Texas - 


























50 




3,712 
514 
173 

445 
24 


3,786 
468 
196 

378 

28 






3,712 
514 
173 

445 
24 


3,786 
468 
196 

378 
28 


23 


60 


22 
136 

64 

394 

209 

9 


17 
109 
52 

359 

189 

11 


76 
53 
49 

169 


81 
76 
55 

141 


20 


Idaho 






127 








1 




30 


Colorado 






105 












7 
















2.5 


Utah 


93 

16 

1,652 
564 


79 

15 

991 
350 






93 

16 

1,652 

564 


79 
15 

991 
350 






51 


54 


13.7 
















2.1 




















44 


Oregon 










2 

386 


2 
343 






43 


California _. 






4 


7 40 


143 
92 


175 
138 


72 
























































United States 


96, 342 


93. 257 


23. 416 


23, 515 


3.214 


3,856 


20, 202 


19, 659 


37,295 


36, 615 


11,579 


11, 334 


1,346 


1,096 


1,916 


1,753 


813 


981 


3, 216. 2 


3, 069. 4 



General Crop Report as of December 1, 1938— Continued 

above production last year and the second largest crop since 1924. 
Rice, estimated at 52,303,000 bushels, and dry beans estimated 
at 15,268,000 bushed, are each 2 percent below last year's out- 
put, but larger than in any previous year. Buckwheat, which is 
declining in importance, is only about 1 percent below last year. 
Peanuts, at 712.000 tons, are 7 percent over the previous high 
record. The crops of sugar beets and sugarcane (continental 
U. S. only) are above previous records and the increases much 
more than offset the declining production of sorgo sirup. The 
aggregate tonnage of potatoes, sweetpotatoes, and commercial 
vegetables and the tonnage of the 1938 fruit crops are lower than 
in 1937, but higher than in any previous year. In 1938 the potato 
crop was only about average and apple production was below 
average. On a per capita basis, therefore, production of both 
fruits and vegetables has been higher in some earlier years when 
big crops of potatoes or apples were harvested. 

The quantity of vegetables produced for canning and proc- 
essing was excessively large last year and the total acreage in 
the eight leading crops was reduced about 15 percent this season. 
Due to good yields, however, production of these eight crops 
was reduced only about 5 percent. The production of peas and 
snap beans for canning set new records. Vegetables grown for 
shipment to market were raised on an acreage only slightly larger 
than that of last year, but production was about 6 percent over 
last year's record total, the most important increases being in 
cabbage, cucumbers, celery, snap beans, tomotoes, and carrots. 

Fruit production, including the prospective 1938-39 citrus 
crops, shows a large tonnage but uneven distribution by kinds. 



Apple production is a third less than last year's excessively 
large crop. Grapefruit production may be a third greater than 
last year's high record and, with good crops of oranges and 
lemons in prospect, the volume of citrus fruit that could be 
picked may be nearly 40 percent above production in any year 
prior to 1937. Pears and olives were record crops by a substan- 
tial margin, and dried prunes might have passed previous high 
marks except for the control program. On the other hand, cran- 
berries and apricots are both light crops following record pro- 
duction last year. The nut crops, including walnuts, pecans, 
almonds, and filberts, show only about average production, 
a third less than last year's high record. 

The cotton crop, estimated at slightly over 12,000,000 bales 
is somewhat below average but follows an exceptionally heavy 
production of nearly 19,000,000 bales. This year's crop showed 
the second highest yield on record and was secured from the 
smallest acreage picked since 1900. 

Tobacco gave a yield per acre less than 1 percent below the 
record yield secured in 1935. Production is quite a little below 
last year but about 10 percent above average. 

The total production of clover, sweetclover, alfalfa, and 
lespedeza seeds in 1938 was about 50 percent above production 
in any previous year. Last year, as a result of the exceedingly 
small acreage of red and alsike clovers that could be cut for seed, 
there was an acute shortage in the supply of domestic seed, and 
prices were exceptionally high in comparison with prices of other 
farm products. This year about four times as many acres of 
these clovers were harvested for seed, and production, while 
lower than the record crop of 1929, was substantially above pro- 
(Continued on p. 260) 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



259 



Winter Wheat and Rye 



Winter Wheat. — The area of winter wheat sown in the fall of 
1938 for harvest in 1939 is estimated at 46,173,000 acres. This 
is 18 percent below the 56,355,000 acres sown in 1937 and 20 
percent below the record acreage seeded in the fall of 1936, but 
it is still about 1 percent above the average acreage sown to 
winter wheat during the 10 previous years. In most of the 
important producing States the acreage sown to winter wheat is 
substantially below the acreage sown in 1936 and in 1937. 

In sharp contrast to the very heavy seedings in the fall of 1936 
and 1937, there appears a tendency to return to an acreage about 
equal to average. This is undoubtedly associated with lower 
wheat prices received for the 1938 crop and with the Agricultural 
Adjustment Administration acreage allotments for the 1939 crop. 

In Indiana, Illinois, and parts of adjoining States, the dry fall 
interfered with seedings and the acreage is below average. 
Seedings are, however, somewhat above average in Kansas, 
Nebraska, and South Dakota where recent summer droughts 
have caused a shift from corn to winter wheat; also from Colorado 
into Montana where winter wheat gave an unusually good yield 
in 1938. Acreage also exceeds average in a less important pro- 
ducing area extending from Kentucky and North Carolina 
southward. 

The condition of winter wheat on December 1, 1938, was 72 
percent of normal compared with 76 percent a year earlier and 
the 10-year (1926-35) average of 80 percent. In most of the 
important winter wheat producing areas the reported condition 
was below last year and below the average. Conditions were 
generally poorest in the Great Plains area from Nebraska south- 
ward. In this area early moisture conditions were more favor- 
able than in recent years, resulting in somewhat better subsoil 



conditions. With subsequent dry weather, however, surface 
moisture was becoming exhausted by December 1. In parts of 
the Central Plains area much late seeded wheat had not yet 
germinated. Soft winter wheat in the Atlantic States and in 
some East North Central States shows a better condition than 
in 1937, particularly in Illinois, Missouri, and Iowa. In the 
Pacific Northwest and in California the condition of winter wheat 
is close to average. 

Based on the past relationship between December 1 condition 
and yield per seeded acre, with some allowance for the probable 
effect of weather conditions during the past summer and fall, the 
indicated production of winter wheat in 1939 is about 485,000,000 
bushels. It is expected that abandonment of sown acreage will 
be above average in 1938 and will probably be between 20 and 
25 percent. 

Kye. — The acreage of rye sown for all purposes in the fall of 
1938 is estimated at 7,171,000 acres, which is an increase of 7.5 
percent over the 6,671,000 acres sown in the fall of 1937. In- 
creases in sown acreage were quite general throughout the coun- 
try. The only important rye producing State to show a decrease 
from last year was Wisconsin, for which a decline of 19 percent 
is shown. Increases of 5 percent and 6 percent, respectively, are 
shown for North and South Dakota. The total seeded acreage 
in 1936 was 7,371,000 acres. A considerable acreage of rye is 
sown for purposes other than grain production, such as cover 
crop, hay, and pasture. 

The condition of rye on December 1, 1938, is reported'at 76 
percent of normal compared with 74 percent on December 1 last 
year, and the 10-year (1926-35) average of 81 percent. The 
December 1 condition was above last year in most of the Northern 
Great Plains area and the area east of the Rockies. This was 
partially offset by lower condition in much of the eastern Corn 
Belt and in the Pacific Coast States. 



Estimated Seeded Acreage of Winter Wheat and Rye and Condition Dec. 1, 1938, With Comparisons 



State 



New York 

New Jersey. .- 
Pennsylvania. 

Ohio... 

Indiana 



Illinois 

Michigan... 
Wisconsin.. 
Minnesota. 
Iowa 



Missouri 

North Dakota. 
South Dakota- 
Nebraska 

Kansas 



Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia... 
North Carolina. 

South Carolina.. 

Georgia 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 



Arkansas.. . 
Oklahoma- 
Texas 

Montana.. 
Idaho 



Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico. 

Arizona 

Utah 



Nevada 

Washington. 

Oregon 

California... 



United States. 



Winter wheat 



Acreage seeded 



Fall of 
1926-35 



1,000 acres 
257 
57 
998 
1,971 
1,818 

2,194 

810 

36 

190 

367 

1,760 



201 
3,469 
13, 258 

95 
461 
625 
132 
425 

109 
118 
348 
378 
5 

55 

4,650 

4,178 

891 



176 

1,413 

369 

34 

191 

3 

1,307 
842 
772 



45,644 



Tall of 
1936 



1,000 acres 

351 

76 

1,084 

2, 538 

2,300 

2,804 

1,027 

72 

329 

867 

3,500 



178 
4,412 
17, 104 



483 
658 
182 
524 



162 
189 



562 



118 

5,622 

5,315 

966 

791 

239 

1,341 

410 

45 

194 

3 

1,024 
587 



57, 656 



Fall of 
1937 



1,000 acres 

305 

72 

1,073 

2,411 

1,949 

2,355 

910 

70 

280 

607 

2,590 



249 
4,721 
16, 933 

86 
483 
638 
167 
492 

172 
187 
614 

517 
6 

81 

5,959 

5,368 

1,150 

759 

241 

1,381 

410 

50 

213 

4 

1,239 

763 

850 



56, 355 



Fall of 
1938 



1,000 acres 

265 

65 

944 

1,977 

1,618 

2,002 

746 

56 

179 

425 

1,761 



212 
3,824 
13,885 

75 
406 
568 
150 
443 

189 
178 
497 
398 
5 

49 

4,469 

4, 026 

1,265 

645 

253 

1, 436 
348 
45 
209 

3 

1,202 
649 
706 



46, 173 



Fall of 
1938 com- 
pared 
with 1937 



Percent 
87 



70 



85 
81 
82 

87 
84 
89 
90 
90 

110 
95 
81 

77 
80 

60 
75 
75 
110 
85 

105 
104 
85 
90 



81.9 



Condition Dec. 1 



Aver- 
age, 
1926- 
35 



Pet. 



80 76 



1936 



82 



87 



so 



1937 



Pet. 
83 

88 
85 
83 
81 

82 
84 
87 
81 



19: is 



72 



Rye 



Acreage seeded 



Fall of 
1930-35 



1 ,000 acres 

55 

80 

148 

156 

214 

164 
231 
323 
497 
109 

112 

1,251 

711 

422 



12 
38 

128 
21 

176 

26 
58 
116 
130 



54 
107 
15 



5, 098 



Fall of 
1936 



1,000 acres 

73 

97 

115 

130 

303 

323 

228 
556 
705 
394 

176 
1,113 

960 
758 
187 

10 
40 

116 

16 

159 

29 
57 
146 
146 



80 

7 
78 
16 

51 

101 



54 
133 



7,371 



Fall of 
1937 



1,000 acres 
69 
105 
87 
79 
204 

200 
177 
467 
622 
217 

106 

1,191 

1,156 

675 

145 

13 

40 
108 

12 
145 

26 
57 
124 
150 



43 

126 



6,671 



Fall of 
1938 



1,000 acres 
62 
113 
101 
158 
286 

220 
195 
378 
634 
174 

127 

1.251 

1,225 

742 

160 

17 
53 
119 

13 
160 

29 
51 
124 
160 



160 
10 
80 
20 

55 
120 



47 
113 



7,171 



Fall of 
1938 com- 
pared 
with 1937 



Pet. 
90 
108 
116 

200 
140 

110 
110 

81 
102 

80 

120 
105 
106 
110 
110 

131 
132 
110 
108 
110 

110 
90 
100 
107 



Condition Dec. 1 — 



Aver 

age, 

1926- 

35 



180 
143 
129 
118 

105 
140 



100 



110 
90 
100 



107.5 



Pet. 



87 



1936 



Pet. 



85 



1937 



Pet 



88 86 



S2 



81 



S5 



1938 



Pet. 
90 
93 
90 
83 



S7 
S2 
90 
84 



88 



87 



1 Estimates of seeded acreage relate to the total acreage of rye sown for all purposes, including an allowance for spring-sown rye. 



260 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Corn: Utilization for Grain, Silage, Hogging Down, Grazing, and Forage, 1937 and 1938, by States 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire _ 

Vermont -. 

Massachusetts... 
Ehode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 



Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan... 

Wisconsin __ 

Minnesota 

Ion-a 10,240 



Missouri. 
North Dakota.. 
South Dakota.. 
Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia.. 

West Virginia... 

North Carolina- 
South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 



Nevada 

Washington. 

Oregon 

California 



1937 



For grain 



Acreage 
har- 
vested 



Yield 
per acre 



1,000 

acres 

2 

3 

8 



12 

163 

165 

1,080 

3,531 

4,459 
8,861 
1,161 
970 
3,495 



United States 81,483 



4,142 

163 

2,191 

6,165 

1,719 
139 
488 

1,384 
483 

2,256 
1,631 
4,150 
754 
2,836 

2,714 
3,158 
2,558 
1,959 
1,392 

1,624 

4,292 

40 

26 

120 

640 

171 

25 

9 

1 

14 
38 
40 



Bushels 
37.0 
42.0 
40.0 
41.0 
40.0 

39.0 
35.5 
40.0 
46.0 
43.0 

45.0 

48.0 
36.0 
33.0 
37.5 

45.0 
27.5 
21.0 
15.5 
11.5 

12.5 
29.0 
36.0 
25.5 
27.5 

19.5 
15.0 
11.5 
10.0 
26.0 

24.0 

14.5 
17.5 
20.0 
17.5 

18.0 
16.0 
13.0 
38.0 
11.0 

9.0 
14.0 
15.0 
28.0 

30.0 
37.0 
33.0 
36.5 



Produc- 
tion 



Acreage 

har- 
vested 



1,000 
bushels 
74 
126 
320 
369 
80 

468 

5,786 

6,600 

49, 680 

151,833 

200, 655 

425, 328 

41. 796 

32,010 

131,062 

460, 800 

113,905 

3, 423 

33, 960 

70, 898 

21, 488 
4,031 
17, 568 
35,292 
13,282 

43, 992 
24, 465 
47, 725 

7, 540 
73, 736 

65, 136 
45, 791 

44, 765 
39, 180 
24, 360 

29, 232 

68, 672 

520 

988 

1,320 

5,760 

2,394 

375 

252 

30 

518 

1,254 

1,460 



28.8 2,350,299 



For silage 



Yield 
per acre 



1,000 
acres 
6 
10 
59 
25 
7 

34 
404 

35 
240 
125 

126 
253 
230 
1,260 
527 

343 
44 
109 
125 
632 

246 
3 

20 
52 
23 

12 
2 
3 
2 

18 



5,160 



Tons 
11.0 
11.0 
10.5 
11.5 
9.5 

11.0 
9.5 
9.0 

10.0 

8.5 

8.0 
7.5 
7.8 
6 6 
8.0 

8.6 
6.0 
3.4 
4.0 
2.8 

3.4 
10.0 
10.0 
11.0 

9.0 

6.5 
4.0 
4.5 
4.0 
8.0 

6.5 
2.5 
5.8 
6.0 
3.5 

3.5 
3.0 
2.5 
8.5 
2.0 

3.3 
4.0 
5.0 
10.0 

9.0 
11.5 
7.5 
9.0 



Produe 
lion 



Hog- 
ging 
down, 
grazing, 
and 
forage 
acreage 



6.83 



1,000 
tons 
66 
110 
620 
288 
66 

374 
3,838 

315 
2,400 
1,062 

1,008 
1,898 
1,794 
8,316 
4,216 

2,950 
264 
371 
500 

1,770 

836 
30 

200 
572 
207 

78 



144 

72 
10 
17 
12 

7 

35 
24 
15 
51 
20 

248 
16 
10 
50 



135 



35, 233 



1,000 
acres 



6 
1 

5 
105 



140 

167 
253 
199 
194 
766 

499 
174 
636 
814 
1,107 

491 

1 

8 

44 

12 

58 
30 
50 
33 
52 

47 
65 
32 
71 
28 



203 

93 

4 

131 

352 

28 

6 



1938 



For grain 



For silage 



Acreage 
har- 
vested 



Yield 
per acre 



1,000 
acres 



11 

181 

154 

1, 068 

3,350 

3,975 
8,067 
1.170 
1,081 
3,376 

9,636 
4,047 
167 
2,231 
6,761 

1,944 
139 
474 

1,293 
446 

2,361 
1,813 
4,540 
769 
2,705 

2,628 
3,493 
2,988 
2,108 
1,587 

1,692 

4,531 

61 

23 

120 

819 

154 

26 

8 

1 

12 
29 
40 



Bushels 
40.0 
41.0 
40.0 
38.0 
39.0 

36.0 
38.0 
38.0 
43.5 
44.0 

41.0 
45 
37.5 
39.0 
36.5 

45.5 
25.5 
19.0 
13.5 
15.0 

20.0 
29.0 
37.0 
24.0 
26.5 

19.0 
14.5 
11.5 
11.0 
27.0 

25.5 
14.0 
16.0 
16.5 
16.5 

20.0 
16.0 
18.0 
38.0 
13.0 

11.5 
14.0 
15.0 
26.0 

35.0 
35.0 
29.0 
36.0 



82,106 27.7 2,277,259 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 
bushels 
120 
164 
400 
304 
78 

396 
6,878 
5, 852 

46, 458 
147, 400 

162, 975 
363, 015 

43, 875 
42, 159 

123, 224 

438. 438 

103, 198 

3,173 

30, 118 

101, 415 

38, 880 
4,031 
17, 538 
31,032 
11,819 

44, 859 
26, 288 
52, 210 

8.459 
73. 035 

67,014 
48, 902 

47, 808 
34, 782 
26, 186 

33,840 
72, 496 

1,098 
874 

1,560 

9,418 

2,156 

390 

208 

35 

420 

841 

1,440 



Acreage 

har- 
vested 



1,000 
acres 
6 
10 
61 
25 
7 

34 
404 

35 
250 
107 

127 
194 
225 
1,105 
450 

247 
43 
108 



147 
3 
19 
49 
21 

16 
3 
4 
2 

17 

11 
2 
3 
3 
2 



Yield 
per acre 



Tons 
10.5 
11.0 
10.5 
10.0 
9.0 

10.5 
10.0 
9.0 
9.5 
9.5 

8.0 
8.5 
8.5 
8.0 
8.5 

10.0 
6.0 
3.2 

4.5 
4.0 

4.0 
9.0 
10.0 
10.5 
9.0 

6.5 
3.5 
4.5 
4.0 
8.5 

7.0 
2.5 
5.3 
5.0 
3.5 

4.0 
3.3 
4.0 

10.0 
4.5 

4.5 

5.0 

7.5 

10.0 

9.0 
10.5 
5.8 
9.0 



.02 



Produc- 
tion 



1,000 
tons 
63 
110 
640 
250 
63 

357 
4,040 

315 
2,375 
1.016 

1,016 
1,649 
1,912 
8,840 
3,825 

2,470 
258 
346 
400 
744 

588 
27 
190 
514 
189 

104 
10 

18 

8 

144 

77 
5 
16 
15 
7 

36 
26 
16 
50 
45 

315 
40 
15 
60 

9 
74 
99 
99 



33, 475 



Hogging 
down, 

grazing, 

and 

forage 

acreage 



1,000 
acres 



4 

100 
8 

50 
111 

127 

169 
195 
165 
675 

423 
170 
706 
654 
483 

169 

1 

8 

49 

10 

65 
30 
79 
34 
39 

60 
65 
43 
84 
31 

63 
189 

91 

4 

110 

189 
31 

6 
7 


10 



5,514 



General Crop Report as of December 1, 1938 — Continued 



duction in any other recent year and about 50 percent above the 
10-year average. At the same time the production of both 
alfalfa and sweetclover seeds was increased to somewhat more 
than average, and the production of lespedeza seed was increased 
to the enormous total of 189,000,000 pounds, an amount about 
equal to the 10-year average seed production of red and alsike clover, 
alfalfa, and sweetclovers combined. Lespedeza is a self-seeding 
annual plant related to the clovers which is being grown for soil 
improvement, pasture, and hay on a rapidly expanding acreage 
chiefly from the Potomac, Ohio, and lower Missouri Valleys 
southward into the northern part of the Cotton Belt. It is 
substituted for red and alsike clovers only to a limited extent, 
much of the seed being used on land where clovers do not 
succeed. 

The production of feed grains in 1938 was nearly 97,000,000 
tons compared with nearly 101,000,000 last year. The 1927-36 
average was 89,000,000 tons, and the pre-drought (1923-32) 
average production was 101,000,000 tons. Although production 
this year was not unusually heavy, there was an unusually large 
carry-over of grain on farms. Livestock numbers are low, and 
the supply of feed grains per unit of livestock and poultry on 
farms is as large as in any year since 1921. 

The 1938 hay crop of 91,000,000 tons was the largest in 10 
years. Allowing for carry-over from last year's large crop, the 
supply of hay per unit of livestock on farms is the second largest 
in 30 years. Farm pastures in 1938 averaged the best in 10 
years and the condition of western ranges for the year as a whole 
averaged the best since 1930. 



With feed grains abundant and cheap, there was a general 
tendency to feed livestock and poultry rather liberally. The 
production of livestock and livestock products, however, was 
limited by relatively small numbers of livestock, particularly 
of hogs and chickens, as the result of liquidation following the 
droughts of 1934 and 1936. Although final figures are not yet 
available, the 1938 production of nearly all classes of livestock 
and livestock products is expected to be greater than in 1937 and 
the present tendency is toward increased numbers. 

The quantity of milk produced on farms in 1938 will be the 
largest on record, totaling 4 to 5 percent greater than last year 
and probably 3 percent greater than the previous high production 
in 1933. Present indications are that the net production of meat 
animals during 1938 will be about 7 percent greater than that in 
1937 and the largest since 1933. However, this production would 
be about 6 percent smaller than the average during the 1929-33 
period. The heaviest increase compared with last year has 
been in the production of hogs, which is expected to be 12 to 15 
percent greater than in 1937. Sheep and lamb production will 
probably be up about 5 percent from last year. Net production 
of cattle and calves is expected to be slightly larger than in 1937, 
with heavier slaughter weights and increased inventories at the 
end of the year more than offsetting the smaller number slaugh- 
tered. The production of eggs in 1938 will probably be about 
2 percent greater than in 1937 and the largest since 1931. The 
number of chickens raised this year appears likely to exceed 
the number raised in 1937 by about 10 percent, but is expected 
to be 2 to 3 percent smaller than the 1927-36 average. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



261 



Harvested Acreage of Crops, for the United States, 1919-38 



Year 


Corn, all 


Oats 


Barley 


Grain 

sorghums, 

all 


4 feed 
grains ' 


Wheat 


Rye 


Buck- 
wheat 


Rice 


4 food 
grains s 


Flaxseed 


Winter 


Spring 


All 


1919 


1,000 acres 
98, 145 
101,359 
103, 155 
100, 345 
101,123 
100, 420 
101,331 
99, 452 
98, 357 
100, 336 
97, 805 
101,465 
106,912 
110,577 
105, 963 

92, 354 
95, 804 

93, 020 
93, 741 
91, 792 


1,000 acres 
39, 601 
42, 732 
45, 539 
40, 324 

40, 245 

41, 857 
44, 240 

42, 854 
40, 350 
40,128 

38, 153 

39, 850 

40, 242 
41,703 
36, 532 
29, 455 
39, 831 
33, 370 
35, 256 
35, 477 


1,000 acres 
6,579 
7,439 
7,074 
6,601 
7,151 
7,038 
8, 186 
7,917 
9,465 
12,735 
13, 526 
12, 595 
11,189 
13, 178 
9,687 
6,553 
12, 371 
8,372 
9,968 
10,513 


1,000 acres 
6,295 
6,540 
6,124 
5,496 
6,354 
5,970 
6,721 
6,768 
7,015 
6,649 
6,394 
6,589 
7,483 
7,966 
7,307 
6, 830 
9, 354 
6,878 
7,476 
7,792 


1,000 acres 
150, 620 
158, 070 
161,892 
152, 766 
154, 873 

155, 285 
160, 478 

156, 991 
155, 187 

159, 848 
155,878 

160, 499 
165, 826 
173, 424 
159,489 
135, 192 
157,360 
141,640 
146,441 
145, 574 


1,000 acres 
50, 404 
40, 409 
43, 160 
41, 649 
38,712 
35, 418 
31,964 
37, 597 
38, 195 
36, 853 
41,194 
41,069 
43, 448 
36, 056 
30, 272 
34, 638 
33, 402 
37, 687 
46, 978 
49, 711 


1,000 acres 
23, 296 

21, 949 
21,406 

19, 748 
18,208 
17,045 

20, 479 
19,019 
21,433 

22, 373 
22, 138 
21,545 
14, 233 
21,783 
19,166 

8,762 
17, 827 
11,176 
17, 444 
20, 510 


1,000 acres 
73, 700 
62, 358 
64,566 

61, 397 

56, 920 
52, 463 
52, 443 
56,616 
59, 628 
59, 226 

63, 332 

62, 614 

57, 681 
67, 839 
49, 438 
43, 400 
51, 229 
48, 863 

64, 422 
70, 221 


1,000 acres 
7, 168 
4,825 
4,851 
6,757 
4,936 
3,941 
3,800 
3,419 
3,458 
3,310 
3,130 
3,621 
3,162 
3,351 
2,418 
2,035 
4,141 
2,774 
3,846 
3,979 


1,000 acres 
733 
729 
640 
729 
689 
737 
742 
679 
764 
679 
627 
673 
505 
454 
462 
477 
503 
375 
426 
453 


1,000 acres 

1,070 

1,299 

990 

1,053 

874 

837 

849 

1,006 

1,024 

962 

860 

966 

965 

874 

798 

812 

817 

981 

1,088 

1,068 


1,000 acres 
82, 671 
69,211 
71,047 
69. 936 
63, 419 
57, 978 
57, 834 

61, 720 
64,874 
64, 177 
67, 949 
67, 774 
62,313 

62, 518 
53,116 
46, 724 
56, 690 
52, 993 
69, 782 
75, 721 


1,000 acres 
1,293 


1920... 


1, 647 


1921 


1,143 


1922.. 


1,113 


1923 


2,015 


1924... . 


3,535 


1925... 


3,022 


1926... . 


2,736 


1927... . 


2,763 


1928... 


2,611 


1929... . 


3,049 


1930--. - 


3,780 


1931.- 


2,431 


1932... 


1,988 


1933 


1,341 


1934... 


995 


1935 


2,096 


1936 


1,126 


1937 


934 


1938 


954 






Year 


Cotton 


Tame hay 


Wild hay 


Sweet 
sorghums 
for forage 
and hay 


Alfalfa 
seed 3 


Clover 

seed (red 

and al- 

sike) 3 


Sweet- 
clover 
seed 


Lespe- 
deza seed 3 


Timothy 
seed 


Beans, 
dry edible 


Soybeans 4 


Cowpeas ' 


Peanuts ' 


1919 


1,000 acres 
32, 906 

34, 408 
28, 678 
31,361 

35, 550 
39, 501 
44,386 
44, 608 
38, 342 

42, 434 

43, 232 
42, 444 
38, 704 
35, 891 
29, 383 
26, 866 
27, 640 
30,028 
34, 001 
25, 346 


1,000 acres 
56, 020 

56, 769 

57, 448 
59, 280 
57,717 
59, 293 
55,444 
55, 461 
57, 604 
54,013 
55, 728 
54,051 

55, 968 

56, 004 
55, 829 
56,017 

55, 647 

57, 289 
54, 620 

56, 309 


1,000 acres 
17, 136 
16, 264 
15, 622 
16, 152 
15, 828 
15, 166 
14,661 
13, 334 
14, 527 
13, 172 
13, 571 
13, 789 
11,862 
14,048 
12, 053 
8,623 
12, 399 

10, 579 
11,444 

11, 774 


1,000 acres 
2,150 
2,358 
2,049 
2,110 
2,275 
1,634 
1, 651 
1,664 
2,014 
1,894 
1,588 
1,606 
2,172 
2,409 
3,217 
3,296 
3,498 
2,545 
3,008 
4,889 


1,000 acres 
146.7 
162.0 
212.2 
195.9 
218.4 
325.9 
364.7 
397.3 
289.3 
277.9 
519.5 
545.2 
436.6 
349.5 
572.1 
681.6 
486.6 
578.7 
511.4 
583.9 


1.000 acres 
1, 122. 3 
1, 465. 9 
1,067.2 
1, 490. 7 

975.1 
1, 103. 
1,016.0 

725.5 
1, 573. 5 

749.5 
2, 100. 7 
1,115.9 

924.2 
1,064.6 
1, 188. 3 

981.0 

863.0 
1, 044. 1 

454.6 
1,876.0 


1,000 acres 


1,000 acres 


1,000 acres 
717.3 
699.0 
619.3 
635.4 
632.6 
735.0 
590.1 
678.0 
776.8 
350.5 
437.3 
435.7 
608.9 
454.5 
325.5 
141.6 
995.0 
377.9 
683.7 
447.3 


1,000 acres 
1,077 
913 
861 
1,129 
1,322 
1,584 
1,615 
1,740 
1,612 
1,651 
1,840 
2,159 
1,947 
1,431 
1,729 
1.460 
1,885 
1,594 
1,700 
1,671 


1,000 acres 

99 

114 

136 

228 

330 

448 

415 

466 

568 

579 

708 

1,008 

1,104 

977 

997 

1,539 

2,697 

2,132 

2,549 

2,898 


1,000 acres 

640 

642 

707 

812 

723 

633 

581 

678 

817 

598 

541 

645 

1,085 

1,128 

1,027 

1,060 

1,033 

1,279 

1,418 

1,362 


1,000 acres 
1,084 


1920 






1,122 


1921 






1,151 


1922... 






948 


1923 - 






837 


1924 


212.6 
275. 4 
285.7 
314.6 
246.0 
290.8 
216 5 
249.6 
210.7 
209.5 
198.2 
207.3 
313.7 
249.9 
390.5 


26.6 
29.5 
29.0 
34.4 
37.5 
62.0 
55.5 
100.7 
151.1 
265.5 
368.9 
370.3 
271.8 
541.0 
703.0 


1,259 


1925 

1926.. 


1,130 
1,032 


1927 


1,230 


1928.. 


1,375 


1929 


1,400 


1930 


1,136 


1931. .- 


1,469 


1932 


1,707 


1933 


1,468 


1934 


1,699 


1935 


1,725 


1936 


1,760 


1937... _ 


1,653 


1938 


1,887 








Velvet- 
beans, for 
all pur- 
poses ■ 


5 annual 
legumes 6 


Potatoes 


Sweet- 
potatoes 


15 vegetables 


Tobacco 


Sugar 
beets 


Sorgo for 
sirup 


Sugar- 
cane, all 
purposes 


Broom- 
corn 


45 crops 

har- 
vested • 


45 crops 


Year 


8 for man- 
ufacture ' 


14 for 
market 8 


planted 
or grown 10 


1919 


1,000 acres 
1,300 
1,520 
1,800 
1,760 
1,680 
1,605 
1,539 
1,291 
1,418 
1,338 
1,421 
1,372 
1,252 
1,687 
1,794 
2,075 
2,132 
2,382 
2,179 
2,372 


1,000 acres 
4, 200 
4, 311 
4,655 
4,877 
4,892 
5,529 
5,280 
5,207 
5,645 
5,541 
5,910 
6,320 
6,857 
6,930 
7,015 
7,833 
9,472 
9,147 
9,499 
10, 190 


1,000 acres 
3, 300 
3,301 
3,598 
3,901 
3,378 
3, 106. 1 

2, 809. 8 
2, 810. 8 
3,181.8 

3, 499. 
3, 018. 7 
3, 102. 9 
3, 466. 6 
3, 549. 3 
3,411.5 
3, 597. 
3,541.1 
3, 062. 6 
3,173.9 
3, 007. 6 


1,000 acres 
791 
767 
817 
817 
674 
564 
636 
645 
724 
636 
646 
669 
850 
1,056 
908 
958 
969 
822 
840 
883 


1,000 acres 

744 

726 

461 

701 

844 

979 

1,166 

969 

817 

983 

1,144 

1,328 

1, 081 

752 

871 

1,114 

1,408 

1,316 

1,496 

1,276 


/ ,000 acres 

520 

615 

609 

778 

710 

808 

915 

1,005 

1,069 

1,158 

1,237 

1,373 

1,426 

1,473 

1,375 

1,572 

1,565 

1,644 

1,609 

1,624 


1,000 acres 
1, 958. 5 
1,934.8 
1, 339. 5 
1,616.2 
1, 855. 
1, 702. 3 
1, 750. 7 
1, 628. 4 
1, 555. 9 
1, 864. 4 
1, 980. 
2, 124. 3 
1, 987. 2 
1, 403. 8 
1, 738. 4 
1, 278. 5 
1, 437. 1 
1, 438. 3 
1,735.1 
1, 626. 7 


/ ,000 acres 
692 
872 
815 
530 
657 
816 
648 
677 
721 
644 
688 
776 
713 
764 
983 
770 
763 
776 
752 
931 


1,000 acres 
465 
457 
400 
292 
231 
224 
200 
203 
179 
165 
151 
166 
264 
257 
257 
241 
231 
215 
193 
190 


1,000 acres 
395 
389 
428 
444 
427 
377 
345 
278 
192 
254 
316 
317 
309 
368 
382 
423 
434 
406 
442 
450 


1 ,000 acres 
327 
266 
222 
275 
536 
429 
222 
316 
231 
291 
310 
392 
314 
313 
277 
305 
397 
344 
302 
263 


1,000 acres 
356, 966 
353, 110 
351, 893 
347, 629 
346, 632 
347, 934 

352, 314 
351,217 
350, 718 

353, 781 
357, 124 
361, 163 
357, 402 
363, 813 
332, 181 
296, 144 
336, 850 
316,062 
341, 106 
341,846 


1,000 acres 


1920.-. 




1921... 




1922 




1923. -. 




1924... - 


353, 219 


1925 


363, 836 


1926 


359, 336 


1927 


358, 427 


1928 


367, 646 


1929 


363, 211 


1930. 


368, 261 


1931.-. 


372, 474 


1932... 


376, 258 


1933. -. 


372, 697 


1934 


339, 506 


1935... 


360, 142 


1936. . . - - 


360, 695 


1937 . - ... 


365, 166 


1938 . 


355,991 







1 Corn, oats, barley, grain sorghums. 
! Wheat, rye, buckwheat, rice. 

3 Acreage partially duplicated and not included in total acreage of 45 crops. 

4 Acreages harvested for the beans, peas, or nuts. 

• Velvetbeans for all purposes. Included in total crop acreage but largely interplanted in corn. 

' Dry edible beans, soybeans, cowpeas, peanuts, velvetbeans. 

' Asparagus, snap beans, peas, spinach, sweet corn, and tomatoes for canning, cabbage for kraut, and cucumbers for pickles. 

8 Asparagus, snap beans, cabbage, cantaloups, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, lettuce, onions, peas, spinach, tomatoes and watermelons where grown commer- 
cially for market. Excludes farm gardens and most market gardens. 

' Totals are for crops shown in preceding columns, omitting alfalfa seed, clover seed, and lespedeza seed. Other crops not included are sweet corn for market, minor truck 
crops (166,000 acres in 1938), farm gardens, most market gardens, hops, strawberries, cranberries, spelt, green manuring crops, peanuts "hogged off," some minor crops and 
somewhat more than 6,200,000 acres (1935) in orchards, vineyards, and bush fruits. Includes interpolations of sweet clover seed 1919-23. 

10 Preceding column plus estimates of the acreages planted and not harvested for corn, winter wheat, spring wheat, oats, barley, flaxseed, sugar beets, cotton, and dry 
edible beans. The estimates include no allowance for abandonment of other crops or for the extensive acreage of hay lands pastured in drought years. Earlier years were 
partially interpolated. For details and for explanation of acreages not harvested, see separate table of acreage losses. 



262 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Crop Yields per Acre Harvested in the United States, 1919-38 



Year 


Corn, all 


Oats 


Barley 


Grain sor- 
ghums, ail 


4 feed 
grains 


Wheat 


Rye 


Flaxseed 


Rice 


Cotton 


Winter 


Spring 


All 


1919 


Bushels 
27.3 
30.3 
28.4 
27.0 
28.4 
22.1 
27.6 
25.6 
26.6 
26.6 
25.8 
20.5 
24.1 
26.5 
22.6 
15.8 
24.0 
16.2 
28 3 
27.7 


Bushels 
27.9 
33.8 
23.0 
28.5 
30.5 
33.8 
31.8 
26.9 
27.1 
32.7 
29.2 
32.0 
27.9 
30.0 
20.1 
18.4 
30.0 
23.5 
32.9 
29.7 


Bushels 
19.9 
23.0 
18.8 
23.2 
22.2 
23.5 
23.5 
21.0 
25.3 
25.8 
20.7 
23.8 
17.8 
22.6 
15.9 
17.8 
23.1 
17.6 
22.1 
24.0 


Bushels 
19.4 
20.9 
18.3 
13.7 
13.9 
16.3 
13.4 
16.0 
18.3 
18.1 
12.9 

9.5 
15.2 
13 8 
11.3 

5 9 
10.5 

8.0 
13.1 
12.9 


Pounds 
1,318 
1,480 
1,298 
1,309 
1,375 
1,180 
1,346 
1,233 
1,290 
1,337 
1,250 
1,092 
1,183 
1,295 
1,065 

792 
1,185 

845 
1,377 
1,332 


Bushels 
14.8 
15.2 
14.0 
13.7 
14.3 
16.2 
12.5 
16.8 
14.4 
15.7 
14.2 
15.4 
19.0 
13.6 
12.4 
12.6 
13.9 
13.8 
14.6 
13.8 


Bushels 
8.7 
10.5 
10.1 
13.9 
11.2 
15.7 
13.1 
10.5 
15.3 
15.0 
10.7 
11.7 
8.2 
12.2 
9.1 
10.1 
9.0 
9.6 

10 9 

11 9 


Bushels 
12.9 
13.5 
12.7 
13.8 
13.3 
16.0 
12.8 
14.7 
14.7 
15.4 
13.0 
14.2 
16.3 
13.1 
11.2 
12.1 
12.2 
12.8 
13.6 
13 3 


Bushels 
11.0 
12.8 
12.6 
14.9 
11.3 
14.8 
11.1 
10.2 
14.8 
11.5 
11.3 
12.4 
10.6 
11.8 
8.9 
8.4 
14.2 
9.1 
13.0 
13.8 


Bushels 
5.2 
6.6 
7.1 
9.5 
8.2 
8.8 
7.4 
6.8 
9.1 
7.3 
5.2 
5.7 
4.8 
5.8 
5.1 
5.7 
6.9 
4.7 
7.6 
8.6 


Bushels 
39.9 
39.8 
39.7 
39.6 
38.0 
38.9 
38.6 
41.2 
43.4 
45.1 
46.0 
46.5 
46.2 
47.6 
47.2 
48.1 
48.3 
50.8 
49.1 
49.0 


Pounds 
165 9 


1920 


186 7 


1921 


132 5 


1922 


148 8 


1923 


136 4 


1924 


165 


1925 


173 5 


1926 


192 9 


1927 


161 7 


1928 — 


163 3 


1929 


164 2 


1930 

1931. 


157.1 
211 5 


1932 


173 5 


1933 


212.7 


1934 


171.6 




184.2 
197.6 


1936 


1937 


266 9 


1938 


226 8 








Year 


Tame hay 


Wild hay 


Beans, dry, 
edible 


Soybeans 


Peanuts 


Potatoes 


Sweet- 
potatoes 


Tobacco 


Sugar beets 


9 fruits, 
percent of 

1923-32 
average • 


27 crops, 
percent of 

1923-32 
average 8 


1919 ._ 


Tons 
1.37 
1.34 
1.24 
1.36 
1.30 
1.33 
1.21 
1.21 
1.45 
1.34 
1.37 
1.18 
1.19 
1.28 
1.19 
.99 
1.40 
1.11 
1.34 
1.43 


Tons 
0.93 
.95 
.88 
.89 
.89 
.83 
.78 
.67 
1.02 
.88 
.82 
.78 
.69 
.85 
.70 
.55 
.92 
.65 
.80 
.89 


Pounds 
752.0 
661.8 
706.7 
699.8 
725.2 
574.4 
725.0 
633.6 
604.0 
640.5 
667.3 
654.6 
663.3 
769. 
738.6 
780.3 
759.8 
715.5 
916.6 
913.7 


Bushels 


Pounds 
705.0 
691.8 
671.0 
627.5 
714.7 
644.9 
700.3 
736.2 
758.9 
681.2 
693.5 
636.2 
721.4 
609.9 
659.1 
661.0 
755.2 
759.4 
799.0 
755. 1 


Bushels 
90.1 
111.8 
90.4 
106.5 
108.5 
123.7 
105.5 
114.4 
116.2 
122.1 
110.0 
109.8 
110.8 
106.1 
100.3 
112.9 
109.1 
108.4 
124.2 
122.8 


Bushels 
99.0 

100.4 
90.2 
95.9 
94.8 
79.6 
78.8 
98.1 
97.9 
93.0 

100.6 
81.3 
78.6 
81.9 
82.9 
80.9 
85.8 
78.0 
89.3 
86.8 


Pounds 
737.4 
780.0 
750.2 
776.1 
818.1 
731.3 
786.0 
791.7 
778.5 
736.5 
774.1 
775.9 
787.3 
724.7 
788.7 
846.0 
902.6 
803.3 
894.8 
895.0 


Tons 
9.3 
9.8 
9.5 
9.8 
10.7 
9.2 
11.4 
10.7 
10.8 
11.0 
10.6 
11.9 
11.1 
11.9 
11.2 
9.8 
10.4 
11.6 
11.6 
12.1 


Percent 
103.6 
119.3 
80.0 
114.6 
113.3 
103.4 
96.6 
120.0 
82.7 
110.1 
79.8 
97.8 
107.4 
89.0 
85.8 
85.4 
98.4 
83.4 
114.4 
95.5 


Percent 
100.0 


1920 _ 




109.9 


1921 _ 




93.3 


1922 




100.4 


1923 




99.9 


1924 


11.0 
11.7 
11.2 
12.2 
13.6 
13.3 
13.4 
15.2 
15.3 
13.2 
15.0 
16.5 
14.1 
17.8 
19.9 


99.2 


1925 


100.4 


1926- 


102.9 


1927.. 


101.7 


1928 


104.1 


1929 .. 


97.7 


1930 


92.1 


1931 


102.5 


1932 ._ _ 


99.3 


1933... 


93.8 


1934 


80.5 


1935 


100.2 


1936— -.- 


86.4 


1937 


116.9 


1938 


110.8 



'Yields per acre not determined. Figures shown are only rough approximations of relative yields as indicated by reports showing production in percentage of normal. 
Fruits included are apples, peaches, pears, grapes, plums, prunes, oranges, grapefruit, and lemons. 

' As computed from the harvested yields per acre of field crops and fruits shown combined in proportion to their relative values during the 1923-32 (pre-drought) period. 
Prior to 1933 relative yields per acre planted were about the same as here shown but, in recent years of heavy abandonment, crop yields per acre planted were relatively 
lower than yields per acre harvested. Losses of all crops have not been estimated, but adjusting all years for such acreage losses as have been estimated for five principal 
crops (corn, wheat, oats, barley, and flaxseed) would reduce the composite yields of the 27 crops to the following percentages of the 1923-32 average: 1933, 90.8; 1934, 75.6; 1935, 
97.7; 1936, 81.6; 1937, 114.2; 1938, 109.9. 



Acreage Losses: Estimated Acreages of Certain Crops Planted 
and not Harvested, United States, 1919-38 ' 



Year 


Corn, 
all 


Win- 
ter 

wheat 


All 

spring 
wheat 


Oats 


Bar- 
ley 


Flax- 
seed 


Su- 
gar 
beets 


Cot- 
ton 


Beans, 
dry, 
edible 


9 
crops 


Pota- 
toes 


1919 


j.ooo 

acres 


7,000 
acres 
987 
5,096 
2,319 
5,766 
6, 696 
3,220 
8,958 
3,007 
5, 939 
11,578 
2,773 
3,963 
2,199 
7,315 
14, 173 
9,947 
13, 662 
12, 078 
10, 678 
6.644 


1,000 

acres 

2,753 

523 

796 



894 

23 

337 

1,089 

94 

348 

735 

573 

6,118 

759 

4,874 

10,215 

4,316 

12. 783 

5,972 

3,005 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 

307 

98 

37 

12 

30 

35 

78 

187 

56 

91 

314 

686 

1,293 

703 

471 

593 

296 

1,422 

412 

142 


1,000 
acres 
198 
106 
67 
76 
75 
120 
133 
69 
35 
54 
84 
45 
47 
48 
53 
175 
46 
79 
61 
50 


1,000 

acres 

1,667 

1,464 

1,038 

815 

1,450 

1,189 

1,582 

1,231 

1,129 

1.303 

1,216 

885 

406 

603 

10, 865 

994 

557 

875 

470 

798 


1,000 

acres 

44 

42 

40 

98 

48 

79 

167 

360 

125 

221 

76 

104 

195 

190 

164 

527 

219 

321 

216 

82 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1920 












1921 












1922 












1923... 












1924 

1925 

1926 

1927 

1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 


459 
82 

208 

103 
63 
93 

348 
1,557 
1,484 
2, 564 
7,452 
2.568 
7,579 
2,601 
1,465 


53 

61 

1,089 

180 

114 

295 

260 

1,413 

814 

3,645 

8,636 

859 

5, 747 

2,039 

1,138 


107 

134 

879 

48 

93 

501 

234 

1,844 

529 

3,707 

4,823 

769 

3,749 

1,611 

821 


5,285 
11. 522 
8,119 
7,709 
13, 865 
6,087 
7,098 
15, 072 
12.445 
40, 516 

43, 362 
23, 292 

44, 633 
24,060 
14, 145 


22.3 
40.3 
49.1 
64.3 
55.3 

162.6 
51.4 

128.2 
42.3 
61.8 



' These estimates are, of necessity, only approximate, but they will serve to show 
the heavy loss of acreage in recent drought years and to explain some of the irregular 
changes in harvested acreages shown in accompanying tables. The acreages shown 
for winter wheat represent the areas sown the preceding fall and not harvested, thus 
including considerable land subsequently planted to other crops. The acreages 
shown for cotton include more than 10 million acres plowed under in 1933, but ex- 
clude acreage losses prior to July 1 and thus exclude some June losses from flood and 
other causes. Some early spring abandonment of sugar beets may also be omitted. 
For other crops the totals shown exclude incidental abandonment such as normally 
occurs annually in consequence of hail, local overflow, poor soil, neglect, etc. Small 
grains harvested as hay, and corn which was salvaged as fodder or silage or by hogging 
or grazing, Hre included in harvested acreage. The totals do not show total crop losses, 
chiefly because of the large acreage of tame and wild hay land which produced nothing 
except pasturage in some dry seasons. Losses of sorghums, rye, and other crops not 
shown were also material in some years, but available evidence is not sufficient to 
provide a basis for definite estimates. 



Index Numbers of Prices 


Received and Paid by Farmers 














Prices paid by 


o 






Index numbers of prices received 


farmers for com- 


■o 






(August 1909-July 1914=100) 


modities used 


> 












in (1910-14 = 100) 


u.2 


Year and 




-a 






z 


-6 


•o 
a 
a 

O bo 








■o_ 


m °" 


month 




03 S 

a a 




a. 

a 

I* 


g 

3 


o 


P. 
3 




a 


boo 


... o« 




a 


oo 


W 






&* 


a <s 


o 
bo 


bo 
□ 


3 

•O 


a 3 


o 
o 




03 


- ° 


3 


3 










> 


o 
















g 


















o 


O 


fe 


H 


a 


V 


< 


►J 


Ph 

126 
135 


J" 

124 
130 
130 


M 


1936. 


108 
126 
143 


100 
95 
107 
108 
116 


100 
122 
105 


111 

123 
115 


121 
132 
128 


119 

124 
128 


115 
111 
110 


114 

121 
131 


122 

128 


92 


1937 


93 


January 

February... 
March 


101 


146 
145 


127 




126 


126 


101 


127 






132 


96 


133 


131 


129 


125 


102 


128 


127 


139 


132 


97 


April 

May 






142 


1 9 7 


130 


120 


104 


130 






134 


97 




112 


152 


139 


133 


116 


96 


1?8 






134 


96 


139 


107 


157 


124 


137 


113 


95 


124 


129 


141 


134 


93 


July. 

August 

September- 


139 
119 
111 


106 
90 

74 


145 
123 
121 


96 


144 


116 


102 


125 






133 


94 




151 


119 


109 


1?3 






132 


93 


117 


144 


123 


119 


118 


129 


132 


130 


91 


October 

November- 
December. _ 




67 
65 
64 


99 


130 


136 


128 


127 


112 






128 


88 


85 
86 


88 
76 


124 


120 


132 


135 


107 






127 


84 


112 


111 


136 


127 


104 


126 


127 


126 


83 


1938: 


























January 

February... 
March. 


91 
89 

85 


66 
68 
70 


70 


101 


110 


128 


113 


102 






126 


81 


68 


121 


110 


121 


94 


97 






126 


77 


69 


107 


117 


117 


93 


96 


123 


128 


125 


77 


April.. 

May 

June 


82 

79 

77 


71 
71 
68 


68 
77 
73 




114 


110 


93 


94 






125 


75 


99 


111 


103 


98 


92 






125 


74 


99 


116 


98 


99 


92 


122 


126 


124 


74 


July 

August 
September- 




71 
69 
69 


79 
78 

75 


115 


123 


101 


103 


95 






123 


77 


62 
63 


91 


115 


102 


105 


92 






122 


75 


98 


117 


104 


118 


95 


121 


122 


121 


79 


October 

November.. 
December.. 


60 
60 
63 


72 

73 
70 


70 
71 
73 




111 


107 


124 


95 






2121 


2 79 




111 


109 


131 


94 






2 121 


2 78 


107 


109 


112 


127 


96 






2120 


2 80 









i These index numbers are based on retail prices paid by farmers for commodities 
used in living and production reported quarterly for March, June, September, and 
December. The indexes for other months are interpolations between the successive 
quarterly indexes. 

8 Preliminary. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



263 



Crop Production in the United States, 1919-38 



Year 



Corn 



For grain 



AH 



Oats 



Barley 



Grain sor- 
ghums, all 



4 feed 
grains 



Wheat 



Winter 



Spring 



All 



Rye 



Buckwheat 



Rice 



1919 
1920 
1921 
1922 
1923. 
1924, 
1925. 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 
1931. 
1932. 
1933 
1934. 
1935. 
1936. 
1937. 
193S. 



1,000 bushels 
2, 341. 870 
2. 695. 085 
2. 556, 924 
2, 229. 496 
2, 429, 551 

1. 860, 112 
2, 382, 288 
2. 140, 207 
2 21S, 189 

2, 260. 990 
2, 135. 038 

1, 757, 238 

2, 230, 125 
2, 576, 407 
2, 103, 308 
1, 146, 684 
2, 015, 007 

1, 253, 766 

2. 350, 299 
2, 277, 259 



,000 bushels 

2. 678, 541 

3, 070, 604 
2, 928, 442 
2, 707, 306 
2. 875, 292 
2,223 123 
2, 798, 367 
2. 546, 972 
2, 616, 120 
2, 665, 516 
2, 521, 032 
2, 080, 421 
2. 575, 611 
2, 931, 281 
2, 399. 632 
1,461.123 
2, 303, 747 

1, 507, 089 
2, 651, 284 

2, 542, 238 



1,000 bushels 
1, 106, 603 
1, 444, 291 
1, 045, 270 
1, 147. 905 
1,227 184 
1, 416, 120 
1, 405, 268 
1,152,911 
1, 093, 221 
1,312,914 
1,113.050 
1, 274, 698 
1, 123, 892 
1, 250, 955 
733, 166 
542. 306 
1, 194, 902 
785, 506 
1,161,612 
1, 053, 839 



1,000 bushels 
131,086 
171.042 
132, 702 

152, 908 
158, 994 
165, 318 
192, 466 
166, 030 
239, 071 
328, 351 
279, 924 
300, 205 
199, 391 
298, 313 

153. 767 
116, 680 
285, 774 
147, 175 
220, 327 
252, 139 



1,000 bushels 
122, 330 
136, 367 
112, 273 
75, 530 
88, 466 
97, 166 
90. 390 
108, 136 
128, 028 
120, 621 
82, 214 
62, 570 
113,649 
109, 745 
82, 685 
40, 225 
98, 495 
55, 079 
97, 679 
100. 816 



1,000 tons 

99. 276 

117,009 

105, 049 

99, 956 

106, 436 
91, 594 

107, 988 

96, 775 
100, 066 
106, 898 

97, 418 
87, 604 
98, 066 

112, 324 
84, 926 
53, 514 
93, 240 
59, 847 

100, 845 
96. 918 



1,000 bushels 
748, 460 
613,227 
602 793 
571, 459 
555, 299 
573, 563 
400,619 
631,607 
548, 188 
579, 066 
586. 239 
633, 605 
825, 396 
491, 795 
376. 518 
437, 963 
465. 319 
519, 874 
685, 824 
686. 637 



000 bushels 
203, 637 
230, 050 
216, 171 
275, 190 
204, 183 
268, 054 
268, 081 
200, 606 
326, 871 
335, 307 
236, 978 
252. 865 
116,278 
265, 132 
175, 165 
88, 430 
161. 025 
106, 892 
189, 852 
244, 164 



1,000 bushels 
952, 087 
843. 277 
818, 964 
8'6, 649 
759, 482 
841,617 
668, 700 
832, 213 
875, 059 
914, 373 
823, 217 
886, 470 
941, 674 
756, 927 
551, 683 
526, 393 
626. 344 
626. 766 
875, 676 
930, 801 



1,000 bushels 
78, 659 
61,915 
61,023 
100, 986 
55, 961 
58, 445 
42, 316 

34, 860 
51, 076 
37, 910 

35, 282 
45.068 
33, 378 
39, 424 
21,418 
17, 070 
58, 597 
25, 319 
49, 830 
55, 039 



1,000 bushels 
12, 707 
12, 193 
11, 822 
11,776 
11,596 
12, 508 
12, 559 
10, 976 
12, 820 
10, 117 
8,692 
6,960 
8,890 
6,727 
7,844 
9,026 
8,332 
6,285 
6,764 
6,682 



1,000 bushels 

42, 689 
51.648 
39, 274 
41, 663 
33. 238 
32, 593 
32, 736 
41,415 
44,422 

43, 434 
39, 534 

44, 929 
44, 613 
41,619 
37. 651 
39, 047 
39, 452 
49, 820 
53, 372 
52, 303 



Year 



8 grains 


Flaxseed 


Cotton 


Tame hay 


Wild hay 










Lint 


Seed 






1,000 tons 


1,000 bushels 


1,000 bales 


1,000 tons 


1,000 tons 


1,000 tons 


131,307 


6,770 


11,411 


5,069 


76, 589 


15, 898 


145, 496 


10, 900 


13, 429 


5,966 


76, 164 


15, 504 


132, 495 


8,107 


7,945 


3,528 


71, 035 


13, 786 


129, 403 


10, 520 


9,755 


4,330 


80, 790 


14, 362 


131,813 


16, 563 


10, 140 


4,503 


75,286 


14, 132 


119,512 


31, 220 


13, 630 


6,050 


78, 934 


12, 520 


130, 272 


22. 334 


16, 105 


7,150 


67, 334 


11,498 


123, 912 


18, 531 


17, 978 


7,989 


67, 142 


8,883 


129, 055 


25, 174 


12, 956 


5,758 


83, 341 


14, 810 


136, 610 


19,118 


14, 477 


6,435 


72, 196 


11, 646 


124, 202 


15, 924 


14,825 


6,590 


76, 105 


11, 175 


116,638 


21, 673 


13,932 


6,191 


64, 040 


10, 694 


128, 468 


11,755 


17, 097 


7,604 


66, 561 


8,162 


137, 233 


11,511 


13, 003 


5,784 


71,827 


11, 920 


103,111 


6,904 


13, 047 


5,806 


66, 530 


8,412 


70, 880 


5,661 


9,636 


4,282 


55, 270 


4,729 


114, 759 


14, 520 


10,638 


4,729 


78, 138 


11, 388 


80, 631 


5,273 


12, 399 


5,511 


63, 536 


6,850 


129, 873 


7,089 


18, 946 


8,426 


73, 449 


9,168 


127, 720 


8,171 


12, 008 


5,339 


80,299 


10, 444 



Sweet sor- 
ghums for 
forage and 
hay 



Beans, dry, 
edible 



Soybeans 
for beans 



Peanuts 
for nuts 



Potatoes 



Sweet- 
potatoes 



1919. 
1920. 
1921. 
1922. 
1923. 
1924. 
1925 
1926 
1927 
1928. 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 
1937. 
1938. 



1,000 tons 
4,294 
5,170 
3,970 
3.540 
4,060 
3,068 
2,843 
2,823 
4,291 
3,667 
2,650 
2,327 
3,380 
3,591 
4,525 
3,432 
5,058 
2,898 
4,426 
8,046 



1,000 bags » 
8,099 
6,042 
6,085 
7,901 
9,587 
9,099 
11, 709 
11,024 
9,737 

10, 574 
12, 278 
14, 133 
12, 914 
11,005 
12, 771 
11,393 

14, 323 

11. 405 

15. 582 
15, 268 



1,000 bushels 



4,947 
4,875 
5,239 
6,938 
7,880 
9,398 

13, 471 
16, 733 

14, 975 
13, 147 
23, 095 

44, 378 
29, 983 

45, 272 
57, 665 



1,000 pounds 

764, 193 

776, 224 

772, 370 

594, 840 

598, 172 

811, 955 

791, 355 

759, 715 

933, 465 

936, 585 

970, 932 

722, 745 

1, 059, 745 

1, 041, 150 

967, 620 

1, 123, 040 

1, 302, 805 

1, 336, 600 

1, 320, 675 

1, 424, 825 



1,000 bushels 
297, 341 
368, 904 
325.312 
415, 373 
366, 356 
384, 166 
296. 466 
321, 607 
369. 644 
427, 249 
332, 204 
340, 572 
384, 125 
376. 425 
342, 306 
406. 105 
386, 380 
331,918 
394, 139 
369, 297 



1,000 bushels 
78, 272 
76, 999 
73, 708 
78, 365 
63, 871 
44, 884 
50, 139 

63, 300 
70, 897 
59, 178 
64, 963 
54.415 
66, 849 
86, 436 
75, 248 
77, 482 
83. 128 

64, 144 
75, 053 
76, 647 



Year 



1919 
1920 
1921 
1922 
1923 
1924 
1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938 



Tobacco 



1,000 
pounds 
1, 444, 206 
1,509,212 
1, 004, 928 
1, 254, 304 
1,517.583 
1, 244, 928 
1, 376, 008 
1, 289. 272 
1,211,311 
1, 373, 214 
1, 532, 625 
1, 648. 229 
1, 564, 487 
1,017.317 
1,371,131 
1, 081, 629 
1, 297, 155 
1, 155, 328 
1, 552, 601 
1, 455, 970 



Korgo 
sirup 



1,000 
gallons 
30, 950 
32, 895 
28, 799 
18, 853 
14, 763 
12, 133 
10, 706 

14, 877 

12, 048 

10, 676 
9; 380 
8,878 

17, 888 

15, 512 
15, 870 
14, 525 

13, 350 

11, 893 
11,915 
11, 467 



Sugarcane 



For 
sugar 
and 
seed 



1,000 

tons 
2,479 
3,399 
5,080 
4,632 
3,200 
1,911 
3,312 
1,104 
1,182 
2, 135 
3,366 
3,167 
2,783 
3,621 
3,395 
3,826 
4,975 
5,1 
6,379 
7,076 



Sirup 



1,000 
gallons 
23, 117 
23, 079 
23, 349 
22,715 
19, 310 
17,327 

15, 686 

16, 766 
17,022 
18,339 
19,711 

17, 432 
15, 160 

18, 359 

21, 993 
25, 609 
25, 982 
22. 676 
25, 135 

22, 221 



Sugar 
beets 



1,000 

tons 
6,421 
8,538 
7,782 
5,183 
7,006 
7,508 
7,381 
7,223 
7,753 
7,101 
7,315 
9,199 
7,903 
9,070 

11,030 
7,519 
7,! 
9,028 
8,749 

11, 292 



Gross tonnage 



15 vegetables 


8 for 


14 for 


manu- 


mar- 


facture 2 


ket 3 


1,000 


1,000 


tons 


tuns 


2,016 


2,676 


2,037 


3,710 


1,182 


3,190 


2,166 


4,011 


2,307 


3,422 


2,291 


4,255 


3,446 


4,401 


2,391 


4,737 


2,164 


5,006 


2,268 


4,830 


2,974 


6,527 


3,259 


5,645 


2,339 


5, 544 


2,000 


5,510 


1,948 


4,878 


2,568 


5,732 


3,275 


5,644 


3,249 


5,898 


3,736 


6,057 


3,441 


6,441 



13 
fruits * 



1,000 
tons 

8,737 
10,312 

6,554 
11,110 
11,201 
10, 008 
10, 240 
13, 390 

9,918 
13, 177 

9,901 
12,713 
13, 120 
11,402 
11,033 
11.482 

13, 066 
11,307 
15, 825 

14, 032 



Year 



1919 
1920 
1921 
1922 
1923 
1924 
1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938. 



Production as percent of 1923-32 (pre-drought) average J 



22 field 
crops 



Percent 
98.0 
107.2 
91.4 
96.2 
96.3 
96.6 
100.5 
101.3 
100.9 
104.6 
99.8 
94.2 
104.5 
101.4 
86.9 
67.4 
92.1 
76.2 
110.3 
101.9 



18 vegetables 



8 for man- 
ufacture 2 



Percent 

73.5 

74.8 

50.4 

80.3 

85.8 

93.8 

129.4 

96.9 

85.2 

95.2 

117.2 

131.5 

92.1 

72.9 

79.6 

98.3 

129.5 

124.4 

146.7 

138.9 



17 for 
market • 



Percent 
51. 
64. 
58. 
72. 
68. 



92. 

101. 
100. 
113. 
117. 
115. 
119. 
108. 
123. 
120. 
127. 
130. 
137. 



13 fruits * 



Percent 

74.0 

88.5 

57.5 

94.6 

96.5 

87.3 

87.7 

113.8 

84.2 

115.3 

86.1 

110.5 

116.8 

101.8 

98.7 

105.1 

113.5 

101.6 

140.6 

127.0 



63 crops 



Percent 
95.0 

104.6 
87.8 
95.4 
95.6 
95.6 
99.5 

102.0 
99.6 

105.2 
99.2 
96.2 

105.6 

101.6 
88.2 
71.6 
94.6 
79.6 

113.2 

104.8 



1 Bags of 100 pounds. 

2 Asparagus, snap beans, peas, spinach, sweet corn, and tomatoes for canning, cabbage for kraut, and cucumbers for pickles. 

3 Asparagus, snap beans, cabbage, cantaloups, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, lettuce, onions, peas, spinach, tomatoes, and watermelons for market. Production 
of farm gardens, home gardens, and most of local market gardens excluded. 

4 Apples, peaches, pears, grapes, plums, prunes (fresh basis), oranges, grapefruit, lemons, apricots, strawberries, cranberries, and olives. 

8 Relative production as indicated by multiplying production of each crop by the 1924-29 average price, and dividing the aggregate for each year by the average aggregate 
of the 1923-32 (pre-drought) period. 

6 Includes the 14 vegetables for which tonnage is shown and in addition beets/eggplant, and peppers, for which production in a few of the earlier years was not determined 
currently and has been approximated from the trend and shipments. 



264 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Summary of the Acreage, Yield, and Production of Important Crops, for the United States, 1937 and 1938, With 

Comparisons 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Unit 


Production 


Crop 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Corn, all 


1,000 acres 

100, 259 

55, 325 

37, 281 

18, 044 

3,620 

14, 424 

37,961 

10, 967 

3,140 

542 

2,218 

906 

7,246 

35, 496 


1,000 acres 

93. 741 

64, 422 

46,978 

17, 444 

2,786 

14, 658 

35, 256 

9,968 

3,846 

426 

934 

1,088 

7,476 

34, 001 


1,000 acres 
91, 792 
70, 221 
49, 711 
20, 510 

3,545 
16, 965 
35, 477 
10, 513 

3,979 
453 
954 

1,068 

7,792 
25, 346 


22.9 
13.5 
14.5 
11.1 

9.8 
11.3 
27.1 
21.0 
11.3 
15.9 

6.0 

46.9 

12.4 

2 179. 8 


28.3 
13.6 
14.6 
10.9 
10.0 
11.0 
32.9 
22. 1 

13! 

15.9 

7.6 

49.1 

13.1 

2 266. 9 


27.7 
13.3 
13.8 
11.9 
11.4 
12.0 
29.7 
24.0 
13.8 
14.8 
8.6 
49.0 
12.9 
2 226. 8 


Bushel 

do 

do 

do 

do. 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

Bale 

Ton 


Thousands 

2, 306, 157 

752, 891 

546, 396 

206, 494 

40, 085 

166,410 

1, 042, 461 

234, 895 

36, 454 

8,569 

13, 751 

42, 452 

89, 331 

13, 201 

5,869 

79, 733 

69. 754 
9.979 
3,582 

926 

1,434 

827 

26, 924 

1,758 

12, 053 

18, 000 

6,069 

1, 039, 469 

706 

« 4, 120 

369, 693 

70, 274 
1, 325, 243 

13,002 

» 3, 355 

20,228 

8,383 

1,762 

2,720 

44 

• 32, 753 

> 150, 728 

92, 821 

« 52, 498 

' 24, 326 

• 2, 197 

» 116 

9 66 

9 48 

15 

225 

49, 577 

16, 772 

7,487 

562 

61, 274 

932 


Thousands 

2, 651, 284 

875, 676 

685, 824 

189, 852 

27, 971 

161,881 

1,161,612 

220, 327 

49, 830 

6,764 

7,089 

53, 372 

97, 679 

18, 946 

8,426 

82, 617 

73,449 

9,168 

4,426 

981 

728 

817 

112, 655 

2,529 

15, 582 

45, 272 

8,944 

1, 320, 675 

959 

5,454 

394, 139 

75, 053 

1, 552, 601 

11,915 

5,892 

25, 135 

8,749 

1,047 

2,508 

46 

9 43, 913 

• 210, 783 

115, 733 

59, 724 

9 29, 548 

9 2, 777 

145 

72 

34 

27 

256 

74, 476 

31, 093 

9,355 

877 

76, 893 

808 


Thousands 
2, 542, 238 


Wheat, all _ 


930. 801 


Winter 


686, 637 


All spring 


244, 164 


Durum 


40, 445 


Other spring 


203, 719 


Oats 


1, 053, 839 


Barley 


252, 139 


Rye 


55, 039 


Buckwheat 


6.682 


Flaxseed 


8,171 


Rice 


52, 303 


Grain sorghums l 


100, 816 


Cotton, lint 


12, 008 


Cottonseed 


5,339 


Hay, all 


68, 277 

55,815 

12, 462 

2,424 

464 

1,160 

246 

171 

490 

■ 1,731 

1,231 

921 

1,497 

1,687 

6 262 

3,343 

824 

1,681 

213 

«206 

126 

760 

7 12, 597 

7 12, 697 

327 

28 


66, 064 

54, 620 

11,444 

3,008 

511 

455 

250 

541 

584 

1,700 

2,549 

1,418 

1,653 

2,179 

253 

3,174 

840 

1,735 

193 

273 

146 

752 

'11,677 

7 11, 677 

302 

34 


68, 083 

56, 309 

11, 774 

4,889 

684 

1,876 

390 

703 

447 

1,671 

2,898 

1,362 

1,887 

2,372 

203 

3,008 

883 

1,627 

190 

294 

137 

931 

7 11, 672 

7 11, 672 

263 

32 


1.17 

1.25 

.79 

1.53 

2.05 

1.24 

3.37 

137.5 

3.31 

2 699 

14.2 

6.6 

694 

2 838 

« 15. 7 

110.6 

86.1 

792 

61.1 

«16.0 

161.0 

11.0 

8 1.86 

8 1.86 

2 272. 3 

1,195 


1.25 
1.34 

.80 
1.47 
1.92 
1.60 
3.27 
208.2 
4.33 
2 917 
17.8 

6.3 

799 
2 880 
21.6 
124.2 
89.3 

895 
61.7 
21.6 
172.2 
11.6 
8 1.81 

8 1.81 

2301.2 

1,280 


1.33 
1.43 
.89 
1.65 
1.71 
1.17 
2.34 

269.1 
3.34 
2 914 
19.9 
6.2 
755 
2 814 
16.8 

122.8 
86.8 
895 
60.4 
22.6 

162.2 
12.1 

8 2.00 

8 2.00 
2 278. 9 

1,119 


do 

do 

do 

do 

Bushel 

do 

do 

Pound 

Bushel 

Bag' 

Bushel 

do 

Pound 

Ton 


90, 743 


Hay, all tame _. 


80, 299 


Hay, wild 


10,444 


Sweet, sorghums 3 


8,046 


Alfalfa seed 


998 


Clover seed (red and alsike) „ 


2,204 


Sweetclover seed 


914 


Lespedeza seed 


189, 210 


Timothy seed .. 


1,494 


Beans, dry edible 


15, 268 


Soybeans 8 


57, 665 


Cowpeas » 


8,474 


Peanuts ! 


1,424,825 


Velvetbeans ' 


966 


Peas, dry field 


Bushel 

do 

do 

Pound 

Gallon 

Ton 


3,418 


Potatoes 


369, 297 


Sweetpotatoes 


76, 647 


Tobacco 


1, 455, 970 


Sorgo sirup... ._ 


11,467 


Sugarcane for sugar 


6,638 


Sugarcane sirup ... 


Gallon 

Ton 


22, 221 


Sugar beets 


11, 292 


Maple sugar 


Pound 

Gallon 

Ton 


1,084 


Maple sirup 


2,777 


Broomcorn 


37 


Hops.. ._ 


Pound 

Bushel 

do 


• 35, 261 


Apples, total 


131, 882 


Apples, commercial 














78, 675 


Peaches, total ... 














do 


"51,945 


Pears, total 














do 


9 32, 259 


Grapes, total 10 














Ton 

do 


2, 503 


Cherries (12 States) 














9 139 


Plums (2 States) _ 














do.. 


67 


Prunes, fresh use (3 States). 














do 


47 


Prunes, canned (2 States) 














do 


21 


Prunes, dried (3 States) 














do 


237 


Oranges (7 States) 














Box 


78, 281 


Grapefruit (4 States) 














do 


40, 696 


Lemons (California) 














do 


11,097 


Cranberries 


28 


28 


28 


20.3 


31.5 


16.4 


Barrel 

Pound 

Box 


457 




46,566 


COMMERCIAL TRUCK CROPS 

Artichokes (California only) 


8.2 

103.1 

61.0 

42.1 

•36.1 

9.4 

« 25.4 

176.2 

126.8 

49.4 

»17.2 

10.0 

•6.6 

159.4 

140.2 

19.2 

115.3 

29.9 

27.4 

32.5 

328.8 

23.4 

305.4 

121.2 

44.2 

77.0 

3.4 

«1.9 

151.1 

112.5 

327.6 

91.6 

236.0 

16.7 

9.0 

66.8 

63.3 

13.5 

501.3 

162.6 

338.7 


10.1 

108.1 

64.3 

43.8 

56.1 

12.7 

43.4 

229.8 

166.7 

63.1 

21.8 

9.6 

12.2 

191.3 

166.5 

24.8 

115.3 

39.6 

29.2 

40.1 

462.8 

24.0 

438.8 

153.0 

42.9 

110.1 

4.0 

1.0 

153.1 

134.5 

452.3 

117.5 

334.8 

20.3 

12.2 

107.0 

77.3 

29.7 

649.9 

198.9 

451.0 


9.7 

112.8 

65.3 

47.5 

65.3 

13.3 

52.0 

238.1 

170.3 

67.8 

23.4 

10.9 

12.5 

184.7 

167.5 

17.2 

121.6 

43.3 

28.8 

41.6 

364.0 

22.5 

341.5 

125.2 

43.5 

81.7 

4.4 

1.0 

149.3 

137.9 

415.9 

103.3 

312.6 

21.1 

38.6 

87.2 

66.0 

21.2 

608. S 

222.1 

386.7 


114 


80 


90 


873 


Asparagus, total 






For market 


81 
1.29 


92 
1.17 


92 
.94 


Crate 

Ton 


4,946 
54.4 


5,925 
51.2 


6,036 


For manufacture (California only) 


44.7 


Beans, lima, total .. 






For market 


63 

«.56 


54 
.54 


68 

.54 


Bushel 

Ton 


583 
•14.1 


689 
23.2 


904 


For manufacture 


28.3 


Beans, snap, total 






For market 


85 
1.45 


75 
1.67 


84 

1.77 


Bushel 

Ton 


» 10, 677 
70.4 


12, 544 
105.3 


9 14, 278 


For manufacture 


120.2 


Beets, total 








175 

•5.94 

6.85 

6.67 

8.22 

131 

355 

242 

273 


181 

5.15 

6.10 

6.12 

5.99 

124 

358 

285 

256 


177 

6.57 

8.03 

7.71 

11.14 

123 

364 

293 

286 


Bushel 

Ton 


9 1. 753 

« 37. 9 

9 1, 082. 2 

9 927. 5 

154.7 

9 15, 028 

9 10, 703 

9 6, 609 

9 8, 862 


1,732 

62.6 

' 1, 167. 8 

9 1,018. 9 

148.9 

14, 239 

14, 183 

8,318 

10, 268 


9 1, 928 


For manufacture 


82.0 


Cabbage, total 


do 

do.. 

do 

Crate 

Bushel 

Crate 

do 


9 1, 483. 7 


For market 


9 1,291.5 


For kraut 


192.2 


Cantaloups 


9 14, 915 


Carrots 


9 15, 775 


Cauliflower 


8,438 


Celery 


9 11,868 


Corn, sweet, total 




For market (New Jersey only) . 


4,900 
1.95 


5,000 
2.23 


4,900 
2.57 


Ear 


113, 630 
591.6 


120, 000 
978.1 


110, 250 


For manufacture . 


Ton 


876.0 


Cucumbers, total 






For market 


96 

60.8 

230 

6 353 

128 

125 


87 
73.1 
229 
410 
138 
109 


106 
74.9 
217 
490 
129 
108 


Bushel 

do 

do 

do 

Crate 

Sack 


» 4, 224 

4,741 

774 

6 640 

9 19, 183 

9 13, 657 


3,749 

8,047 

921 

430 

9 21, 135 

9 14, 720 


9 4, 595 


For pickles 


6,112 




961 


Kale (Virginia only) 


514 




• 19, 270 


Onions 


9 14, 905 


Peas, total .. 




For market 


77 
.78 
228 
1.68 


77 

.80 

238 

1.56 


80 
.95 
232 
1.57 


Bushel 

Ton 


9 6, 950 

182.7 

3,796 

14.9 


9,081 

268.1 

4,826 

19.0 


8,281 




298.3 




Bushel 

Ton 


4,880 




29.3 








For market _.. 


238 
3.93 


195 
2.18 


185 
1.82 


Bushel 

Ton 


9 12, 221 
51.5 


15, 081 
64.8 


12, 199 


For manufacture 


38.6 


Tomatoes, total 






For market 


112 
4.09 


108 
4.27 


109 
4.46 


Bushel 

Ton 


9 18, 173 
1,385.6 1 


21,457 
1,926.3 1 


24, 312 




1, 724. 2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



December 1938 



CKOPS AND MARKETS 



265 



Summary of the Acreage, Yield, and Production of Important Crops, for the United States, 1937 and 1938, With 

Comparisons — Continued 



Crop 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Unit 


Production 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


commercial truck crops— continued 


1,000 acres 

241.1 

2, 578. 

1, 462. 

1, 116. 

« 3. 6 

8 39.4 

304.7 

183.9 


1,000 acres 

263. 3 

3, 254. 8 

1, 690. 9 

1, 563. 9 

4.2 

32.1 

347.2 

157. 3 


7,000 acres 

263.0 

3, 065. 7 

1, 706. 4 

1, 359. 3 

4.5 

28.2 

320.0 

180.0 


278 


280 


266 


Melon. 


Thousands 
» 66, 391 


Thousands 
» 73, 734 


Thousands 
4 69, 929 


Total, above truck crops . ._ 




For market (21 crops) 
































Garlic 


6 39.1 

«22.3 

131 

62.2 


48.0 

27.6 

145 

74.9 


43.3 
26.0 

157 
63.7 


Sack 

Pound " 

Bushel 

Crate 


« 140 

6 871 

39, 974 

8 11, 403 


204 

885 

» 50, 410 

11, 786 


193 


Peppermint -- 


732 




60, 108 




8 11, 469 






Total, 45 crops » -. -. 


342, 524 


341, 106 


341, 846 

































1 All purposes. 

2 Pounds. 

3 For hay and forage, but not included in tame hay. 
* Bag of 100 pounds. 

« Covers only mature crop^harvested for the beans, peas, or nuts. 

8 Short-time average. 

' 1 .000 trees tapped. 



* Total equivalent sugar per tree. 

9 Includes some quantities not harvested. 

10 Production includes all grapes for fresh fruit, juice, wine, and raisins. 

11 Pound of oil. 

12 Excluding crops not harvested, minor crops, duplicated seed acreages, strawberries, 
and other fruits. 



Total Acreage of Principal Crops, 1937 and 1938, With 
Comparisons 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont.. 

Massachusetts 

Ehode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan.. 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri.. 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska. 

Kansas 

Delaware... 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky _. 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona _ 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California.. 

United States 



Total acreage of 45 crops 


(excluding 




duplications)! 




Average, 
1927-3G 


1937 


1938 


Acres 


Acres 


Acres 


1, 342, 800 


1, 362, 000 


1, 350, 000 


410,340 


425, 200 


427, 600 


1, 090, 470 


1, 114, 500 


1, 097, 700 


437, 890 


477, 600 


471,600 


54, 080 


60, 300 


t 61,900 


396, 020 


437, 000 


440, 000 


6, 766, 710 


6, 785, 900 


6, 718, 200 


703, 300 


768, 000 


732, 000 


6, 375, 760 


6, 406, 700 


6, 318, 700 


10, 163, 160 


10, 521, 900 


10, 325, 500 


10, 331, 170 


10, 877, 900 


10, 276, 100 


18, 955, 230 


19, 989, 000 


18, 980, 400 


7, 700, 200 


7, 714, 000 


7, 671, 000 


9, 735, 330 


10, 471, 500 


10, 319, 800 


18, 410, 830 


19, 122, 700 


18, 857, 700 


21, 813, 660 


22, 029, 700 


21, 393, 500 


12, 962, 360 


12, 874, 000 


12,115,700 


17,791,930 


14, 138, 000 


16, 710. 800 


13, 744, 210 


12, 470, 000 


13,046,000 


20,170.900 


IS. 499, 000 


20,013,000 


22, 245, 200 


21, 341, 600 


22.780,50" 


364, 200 


368, 000 


366, 000 


1, 655, 740 


1, 721, 000 


1, 698, 500 


3, 857, 590 


3, 988, 000 


3, 805, 600 


1,511,690 


1, 520, 900 


1, 479, 400 


6, 291, 030 


6, 597, 000 


6, 403, 000 


4, 760, 000 


5, 223. 000 


4, 982, 000 


9, 816, 020 


10, 726, 600 


10, 949, 200 


1, 359, 270 


1, 547, 600 


1, 566, 200 


5, 251, 330 


5, 515, 700 


5, 338, 600 


6, 211, 620 


6, 506, 500 


6, 205, 500 


7, 777, 600 


8, 448, 000 


8, 146, 000 


6, 843, 200 


7, 513, 000 


7,217,000 


6, 541, 600 


7, 010, 000 


6, 541, 000 


4, 201, 170 


4, 479, 000 


4, 373, 000 


14, 198, 600 


13, 130, 000 


13. 266, 000 


28, 958, 200 


28, 510, 000 


26, 431, 000 


6, 491, 250 


4, 825, 000 


7, 057, 000 


2, 833, 500 


2, 837, 000 


2, 863, 000 


1, 785, 800 


1, 944, 000 


2, 022, 000 


5, 835, 200 


5, 224, 500 


5, 907, 000 


1, 282, 710 


1, 474, 000 


1, 376, 000 


558, 200 


687, 000 


622, 500 


1, 039, 580 


1, 062, 900 


1, 046, 600 


350, 040 


354, 300 


355, 700 


3, 466, 810 


3, 639, 600 


3, 534, 000 


2, 610, 000 


2, 644, 500 


2,749,600 


5, 070, 400 


5, 722, 000 


5, 407, 000 


342, 523, 900 


341, 105, 600 


341, 846, 100 



1 Includes corn (all), wheat (all), oats, barley, rye, buckwheat, flaxseed, rice, grain 
sorghums (all), cotton, tame hay (all), wild hay, sweet sorghums for forage and hay, 
timothy seed, sweetclover seed, dry edible beans, soybeans for beans, cowpeas for 
peas, peanuts for nuts, velvetbeans (total), sorgo for sirup, sugarcane, sugar beets, 
potatoes, sweetpotatoes, tobacco, broomcorn, asparagus, snap beans, cabbage, canta- 
loups, carrots, cauliflower, celery, sweet corn, cucumbers, lettuce, onions, green peas, 
spinach, tomatoes, and watermelons. The acreages of red and alsike clover seed, 
lespedeza seed, and 'alfalfa seed are assumed to be included in the tame hay acreage. 



Crop Reports To Be Issued by the Crop Reporting Board 

in 1939 

During the year 1939 the Crop Reporting Board of the United 
States Department of Agriculture shall publish on dates herein- 
after specified, unless other dates be prescribed by law or amend- 
ment to these regulations, and in the manner specified in Secre- 
tary's Memorandum No. 580, entitled "Preparation of the 
Monthly Crop Reports of the Department of Agriculture," and 
the amendments thereto, reports concerning crops grown in the 
United States as follows: 

Reports Concerning Cotton 

(United States and State Data) 

1. Thursday, May 25, at 11 a. m., E. S. T. 

2. Saturday, July 8, at 11 a. m., E. S. T. 

3. Tuesday, August 8, at 11 a. m., E. S. T. 

4. Friday, September 8, at 11 a. m., E. S. T. 

5. Monday, October 9, at 11 a. m., E. S. T. 

6. Wednesday, November 8, at 11 a. m., E. S. T. 

7. Friday, December 8, at 11 a. m., E. S. T. 

Reports Concerning General Crops Other Than Cotton 

(United States and State Data) 

8. Tuesday, January 10, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

9. Friday, March 17, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

10. Monday, April 10, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

11. Wednesday, May 10, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

12. Friday, June 9, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

13. Monday, July 10, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

14. Thursday, August 10, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

15. Monday, September 11, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

16. Tuesday, October 10, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

17. Friday, November 10, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

18. Tuesday, December 19, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

19. Thursday, December 21, at 3 p. m., E. S. T. 

Note. — The March 17 general report will show prospective 
acreages of crops to be planted in 1939 as indicated by reported 
intentions. 



Declines in prices of truck crops and miscellaneous products 
accounted for the slight downturn in the index, as prices of most 
farm products changed very little from October 15 to November 
15. The index of truck crop prices dropped 10 points during 
the month. And products in the miscellaneous group were 
down 12 points, chiefly because of the sharp break in tobacco 
prices. 

Small advances in prices of oats and rice since mid-October 
offset declines in wheat, corn, and other grains. In the meat 
animal group, increases in the prices of sheep and lambs offset 
minor declines in those of hogs and cattle. Cotton and cotton- 
seed prices, and fruit prices, each advanced 1 point during the 
month. Prices of dairy products rose 2 points, which was con- 
siderably less than the usual seasonal rise. Chicken and egg 
prices went up 7 points but this also was less than the usual 
seasonal increase. 



115651—39- 



266 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Khode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana... 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia _.. 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas... 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

United States 



Corn, all 



Acreage harvested 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1,000 
acres 



52 

0211 

185 

1,288 

3,567 

4,441 
8, 926 
1,434 
2,195 
4,602 

10,968 
5, 
1,171 
4,257 
9,104 

5,849 
140 
506 

1,483 
490 

2,267 

1,599 

3,927 

709 



2, 

3,074 

2,413 

2,072 

1,379 

2,756 
4,904 

135 
37 

187 

1,461 

210 

32 

18 

2 
34 
62 

76 



100, 259 



1937 



1,000 
acres 
10 
15 
74 
40 
10 

51 

672 

208 

1,368 

3,796 

4,752 
9,367 
1,590 
2,424 

4,788 

11,082 
4,360 
908 
3,130 
7,904 

2, 456 
143 
516 

1,480 
518 

2,326 
1,663 
4,203 
789 
2, 900 

2,772 
3,227 
2,593 
2,03? 
1,422 

1,720 
4,503 

139 
36 

261 

1,067 
203 
33 
22 



93, 74 1 



1938 



1,000 
acres 
11 
16 
78 
39 
10 

49 
685 
197 

1,368 

3, 

4,229 
8,430 
1,590 
2,351 
4,501 

10, 306 
4,260 
981 
2,974 
7,430 

2,200 
143 
601 

1,391 
477 

2,442 
1, 
4,623 
805 
2,761 

2, 
3, 550 
3,034 
2, 195 
1,620 

1,754 
4,728 

156 
32 

240 

1,078 
193 
33 
20 

2 
29 
55 
62 



91,792 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



Bu. 
38.7 
41.0 
39.8 
41.2 
39.3 

38.4 
33.6 
38.2 
38.2 
35.6 

32.2 
32.2 
28.2 
31.4 
28.6 

34.5 
20.0 
14.3 
14.0 
18.9 

14.7 
27.3 
30.6 
21.7 
24.6 

18.0 
13.3 
9.8 

9.4 
21.3 

20.7 

12.6 

14. 

14. 

14.2 

13.8 
16.0 
9 
34.3 
11.3 

11.4 
13.7 
16.4 
24.6 

25. 
34.6 
30.2 
31.8 



22.9 



1937 



Bu. 
37.0 
42.0 
40.0 
41.0 
40.0 

39.0 
35.5 
41.0 
46.0 
43 

45.0 

48.0 
35.0 
31.5 
36.0 

45.0 
27.0 
19.0 
14.0 
10.5 

12.0 
29.0 
36.0 
25.5 
27.5 

19.5 
15.0 
11.5 
10.0 
26.0 

24.0 
14.5 
17.5 
20.0 
17.5 

18.0 
16.0 
9.0 

37.0 
9.5 

8.0 
13.5 
15.0 
27.0 

30.0 
37.0 
33.0 
34.0 



28.3 



1938 



Bu. 
40.0 
41.0 
40.0 
38.0 
40.0 

36.0 
37.0 
38.0 
43.5 
44.0 

41.0 
45.0 
36.5 
38.5 
35.0 

45.5 
25.0 
16.5 
12.0 
14.5 

20.0 
29.0 
37.0 
25.0 
26.5 

19.0 
14.5 
11.5 
10.5 
27.0 

25.5 
14.0 
16.0 
16.5 
16.5 

20.0 
16.0 
15.0 
37.0 
12.0 

10.5 
13.5 
15.0 
25.0 

31.0 

35.0 
29.0 
33.5 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



l,000bu. 

503 

594 

2,761 

1,627 

338 

V 

20, 808 

7,049 

49,431 

127, 177 

143,334 

289, 731 

40, 852 

68, 845 

131,370 

381,704 
117, 242 

16, 593 
64, 920 

180, 280 

94, 639 
3 '■ 

15J477 
32, 199 
12, 104 

40, 787 
21,161 
38, 453 
6,587 
61, 768 

60, 058 
38,654 
34, 920 
29,649 
19, 467 

40,123 

78, 002 
1,362 
1, 256 
2,112 

17, 039 
2,909 

533 
431 



1,161 
1,872 
2,405 



2, 306, 157 



1937 



1,000 bu. 

370 

630 

2,960 

1,640 

400 

1,989 
23, 856 

8,528 
62, 928 
163, 228 

213, 840 

449,616 

55, 650 

76,356 

172, 368 

498, 690 
117, 720 

17, 252 
43. 820 
82, 992 

29, 472 
4,147 

18, 576 
37, 740 
14,245 

45, 357 
24,945 
48, 334 

7,: 

75, 556 

66, 528 

46, 792 
45, 378 
40, 640 
24,885 

30, 960 

72, 048 

1,251 

1,332 

2,480 

8,536 

2,740 

495 

594 

60 
1,184 
2,178 
2,108 



2, 051, 284 



1938 



1,000 bu. 

440 

656 

3,120 

1,482 

400 

1,764 

25, 345 
7,486 

59, 508 

156, 992 

173, 389 

379, 350 

58, 035 

90, 514 

157, 535 

408, 923 

106, 500 
16, 186 

35, 688 

107, 735 

45, 200 
4,147 

18, 537 
34, 775 
12, 640 

46, 398 

26, 76 
53, 104 

8,452 
74,54 

68, 570 
49, 700 
48, 544 

36, 218 
26, 730 

35, 080 

75, 648 

2,340 

1,184 

2,880 

11,319 

2,000 
495 
500 

0? 
1,015 
1, 595 
2,077 



2, 542. 238 



Oats 



Acreage harvested 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-30 



1,000 

acres 

119 

8 

01 

5 

2 

7 

850 

45 

943 

1,637 

1,792 
3,986 
1,383 
2,470 
4,298 

5,' 
1,609 
1, 605 
1,798 
2,188 

1,424 

3 

50 

123 

118 

203 
395 
325 

8 
135 

103 
99 
39 

131 
26 

1,202 

1,474 

289 

136 

122 

160 
20 
11 
40 

3 
100 
272 
106 



37, 901 



1937 



1,000 

acres 

113 

8 

55 

5 

2 

6 

752 

51 

915 

1,240 

1,455 
3,055 
1,224 
2,480 
4,239 

5,913 
1, 550 
1,312 
1,402 
1,097 

1,474 

3 

38 



230 
458 

444 



80 
126 

51 
150 

45 

1,334 

1,268 

170 

124 

104 

143 

24 

9 

31 

3 
155 
280 
110 



35. 250 



1938 



1,000 

acres 

114 

8 

50 



2 

6 

782 

48 

915 

1,121 

1,310 
3,509 
1,224 
2, 455 
3,900 

5,913 
1,900 
1, 391 
1,535 
1,867 

1,518 

3 

41 

92 



253 
467 
426 



85 
132 

59 
135 

50 

1,307 

1,420 

248 

126 

114 

163 
30 
10 

28 

3 
158 
269 
121 



35,47; 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



Bu. 
36.8 
37.6 
31.3 
32.4 
31.9 

29.0 
28.2 
29.6 
28.2 
30.8 

26.8 
29.1 
29.2 
31.8 
29.7 

30.8 
20.0 
18.6 
21.8 
22.5 

22.1 
29.8 
28.0 
19.2 
19.9 

18.1 
21.1 
18.6 
14.2 
15.6 

15.2 
17.8 
20.6 
18.5 
22.8 

20.2 
23.2 
23.6 
35.1 

24.7 

27.5 
22.9 
27.7 
36.1 

35.4 
48.4 
31.4 
26.3 



27.1 



1937 



Bu. 
35.0 
35.0 
28.0 
30.0 
30.0 

29.0 
25.0 
30.0 
27.0 
28.5 

31.0 

45.5 
28.0 
32.0 
39.0 

46.0 
28.0 
22.5 
21.0 
21.0 

24.0 
29.0 
28.5 
21.0 
20.0 

21.0 
22.0 
19.5 
14.5 
21.0 

18.5 
21.0 
28.0 
22.0 
31.0 

20.5 
24.0 
24.0 
40.0 
26.0 

31.0 
25.0 
20.0 
38.0 

35.0 
52.0 
37.0 
28.0 



32.9 



1938 



Bu 
34 
30.0 
31.0 
34.0 
30.0 

30.0 
34.0 
25.5 
33.5 
33.0 

26.0 
31.5 
35.0 
31.0 
33.0 

33.5 

24.0 
22.5 
30 
29.5 

23.5 
32.0 
32.0 
21.5 
21.0 

22.0 
22.8 
22.5 
15.5 
19.5 

20.0 
24.0 
27.0 
19.0 
27.0 

21.0 

20.0 
30. 
39.0 
27.0 

31.0 
22.0 
20.0 
39.0 

40.0 
42.5 
25.0 
28.0 



Production 



A v er- 

age, 

1927-36 



1,000 bu. 
4,387 

289 
1,906 

172 



206 

24, 000 

1,322 

26, 702 

51,072 

49, 379 
118, 709 
40, 042 
78, 558 
129,211 

180, 335 
32, 757 
31,990 
45, 780 
52, 829 

31,597 

90 

1,407 

2,389 

2,366 

3,682 
8,316 
6,025 
110 
2,164 

1,598 
1,) 

838 
2,456 

596 

24, 442 

34, 971 

7,275 

4,804 

3,004 

4,609 
590 
301 

1,451 

92 
7,723 
8, 519 
2,851 



29.7 1,042,401 1,161,612 



1937 



1,000 bu 

3,955 

280 

1,540 

150 

60 

174 

IS, 800 

1,530 

24, 705 

35,511 

45, 105 
166, 302 

34, 272 
79, 360 

105, 321 

271. 998 
43, 400 

29, 520 

30, 702 

35, 637 

35, 376 

87 

1,083 

1,680 

1,700 

4,830 
10, 076 
8,058 
130 
1,! 

1,480 

2,646 
1,428 
3,300 
1,395 

27, 347 
30, 43 
4,080 
4,960 
2,704 

4,433 
600 
234 

1,178 

105 
8,060 
10, 360 
3,080 



1938 



lflOObu. 

3,876 

288 

1,736 

204 

60 

180 

26, 588 

1,224 

30, 052 

30, 993 

34, 000 
110, 534 
42, 840 
76, 105 
128, 700 

198, 086 

45, 600 

31, 298 

46, 050 
55, 076 

35, 673 

96 
1,312 
1,978 
1,806 

5,566 

10,048 

9,585 

140 

1,209 

1,700 
3,108 

1, 593 

2, 505 
1,350 

27, 447 

36, 920 
8,928 
4.914 
3,078 

5,053 
660 
260 

1,092 

120 
6,715 
6,725 
3,388 



1, 053, 839 



1 This table covers corn for all purposes, including hogged and siloed corn, and that cut and fed without removing the ears, as well as that husked and snapped for 
grain. The yield for grain, with an allowance for varying yields of corn for other purposes, is applied to the total acreage to obtain an equivalent production of all corn. 



Durum Wheat 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Minnesota.. 
North Dakota. 
South Dakota. 


1,000 
acres 

161 
2, 673 

786 


1,000 

acres 

93 

2,093 

600 


1,000 

acres 

95 

2,700 

750 


Bu. 

12.8 
9.8 
8.8 


Bu. 
14.5 
11.0 
6.0 


Bu. 
16.0 
11.5 
10.5 


1,000 
bu. 
2,148 
29, 420 
8,516 


1,000 

bu. 

1,348 
23, 023 
3,600 


1,000 

bu. 

1,520 
31, 050 

7,875 


3 States.... 


3,620 


2,786 


3,545 


9.8 


10.0 


11.4 


40, 085 


27, 971 


40, 445 



Wheat Production by Classes, for the United States, 1937 and 
1938, With Comparisons 





Winter 


Spring 


White 
(winter 

and 
spring) 


Total 




Hard red 


Soft red 


Hard red 


Durum ' 


Average, 1927-36 

1937 


1,000 bu. 
313, 347 
373, 371 
387, 610 


1,000 bu. 
182, 188 
257, 838 
236, 800 


1,000 bu. 
129, 332 
101, 393 
161, 440 


1,000 bu. 
41, 972 
28, 929 
42,010 


1,000 bu. 
86, 052 
114, 145 
102, 941 


1,000 bu. 
752, 891 
875, 676 


1938-. 


930, 801 







i Includes durum wheat in States for which estimates are not shown separately. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



267 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 



State 



All Wheat 



Acreage harvested 



Aver- 
age, 
1927- 30 



1937 



loss 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1937 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1938 



Winter Wheat 



Acreage harvested 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-30 



1937 



193s 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1937 



19HS 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1937 



193S 



Maine 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana.. 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Delaware.. 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia. 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Arkansas 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico. 

Arizona 

Utah .... 

Nevada... _. 

Washington. 

Oregon. 

California 

United States 



1,000 

acres 

5 

256 

55 

979 

1.766 

1,629 

1,992 

800 

108 

1,538 

37fi 
1,611 
8,349 
2,620 
3,196 

10, 383 

92 

449 

610 

128 

413 
105 
111 
303 
353 

5 

46 

3.869 

2. 826 

3,492 

1,111 
249 

1,116 
236 
34 

252 

15 

2,196 

978 

674 

55, 325 



1,000 

acres 

4 

346 

65 

1,073 

2,432 

2,171 
2,617 
1,011 
131 
2,160 

817 
3,198 
7,018 
2, 738 
3,601 

13, 172 

86 

47S 

648 

171 

493 
149 
170 
552 
540 



100 
4,610 
3.933 
2,624 

1,153 
266 

1, 136 
269 
45 

279 

19 

2,317 

993 

832 

64, 422 



1,000 

acres 

4 

303 

61 

1,050 

2,381 

1,890 

2,300 

913 

120 

2,616 

584 
2,432 
8,955 
3,043 
4,691 

14, 497 

83 

471 



473 
161 
170 
552 
491 

5 

70 

5, 302 

3,894 

4,458 

1,149 
354 

1,339 

263 

50 

287 

19 

2,188 

1,088 

749 

70, 221 



Bushels 
20.4 
19.6 
21.8 
18.3 
19.2 

16. 

16.8 

20.1 

17 5 
12.8 

17.8 
13.4 

9.0 
8.8 
7 



11 



12.4 
17.8 
18.6 
14.1 
14.4 

10.4 
9.6 
8.7 
12.7 
10.3 

9.9 
9.1 
11.2 
10.1 
11.2 

22.1 
11.6 
12.0 
9.8 
21.8 

20.2 
24.7 
20.1 
20.2 
18.0 

13.5 



Bush 
els 
19.0 
23.9 
22.5 
22.0 
19.0 

16.0 
17.5 
18.5 
15.6 

16.6 

17.9 
13.3 
8.1 
5.6 
13.1 

12.0 
16.0 
19.0 
15.0 
16.0 

11.8 
9.5 
8.5 
18.5 
12.5 

11.0 
10.5 
14.2 
10.6 
8.4 

24.6 
11.5 
13.3 
11.7 
22.0 

19.6 
25.5 
21.9 
20.6 
21.5 



Bush 
els 
17.0 
24.9 
22.0 
21.0 
19.5 

16.0 
18.5 
21.4 
16.7 
14.9 

16.4 
13.0 

8.9 
9.1 
11.9 

10.5 
20.0 
20.0 
14.0 
15.0 

11.5 
11.0 
10.0 
15.0 
11.0 

13.0 
8.5 

11.0 
9.0 

16.2 

26 
12.8 
14.5 
10.2 
22.0 

22.9 
23.8 
23.6 
21.7 
17.0 



1,000 

bushels 

9' 

4, 996 

1,192 

17, 917 

34, 796 

27, 879 
33, 377 
15, 941 
1, 
19, 410 

6,814 
21, 687 
81,391 
26, 801 
48, 755 

133, 688 
1,655 
8,372 
8,598 
1,855 

4,275 

974 

934 

3,869 

3,588 

46 

406 

44,015 

29, 984 

41, 197 

24,742 
2,994 

13, 834 

2,640 

733 

5,101 

368 

43, 913 

19. 906 

12, 194 



1,000 

bushels 

76 

8,276 

1,462 

23, 573 

46, 136 

34, 718 
45, 668 
18, 658 
2,043 
35, 784 

14, 649 
42,515 
57, 005 

15, 381 
47, 184 

158, 052 
1,376 
9,044 
9,720 
2,736 

5,817 
1,416 
1,445 
10, 212 
6,750 

77 

1,050 

65, 462 

41, 690 

21, 918 

28, 360 
3,060 

15, 155 

3,139 

990 

5, 459 

484 

50, 824 

20, 424 

17, 888 



1,000 
bushels 
61 
7,533 
1,342 

22, 032 
46, 420 

30, 240 
42. 550 
19, 519 

2,007 
38, 948 

9,586 

31, 600 
79, 839 
27, 777 
55, 714 

152, 184 
1,660 
9,420 
8,526 
2,340 

5,440 
1,771 
1,700 
8,280 
5,401 

65 

595 

58, 322 

35,046 

72, 349 

29, 848 
4,515 

19,415 
2,680 
1,100 

6.573 

453 

51, 643 

23, 567 
12, 733 



1,000 
acres 



1,000 
acres 



1,000 
acres 



Bushels 



Bush 
els 



Bush 
els 



1,000 
bushels 



1,000 
bushels 



1,000 
bushels 



246 

55 

967 

1,755 

1,618 
1,893 

784 
32 

154 

334 

1,602 



341 

65 
1.062 
2,424 

2,162 
2, 5S0 

996 
68 

303 

798 
3,190 



29 
61 
1,041 
2,376 

1,881 
2,270 

896 
67 

258 

559 

2,424 



19.8 
21. 
18.3 
19.2 

16.8 

16.7 
20.2 
18.0 
18.8 

18.3 
13.4 



24.0 
22.5 
22.0 
19.0 

16.0 

17.5 
18.5 
18.0 
20.5 

18.0 
13.3 



25.0 
22.0 
21.0 
19.5 

16.0 

18.5 
21.5 
16.5 
13.5 

16.5 
13.0 



4,838 

1,192 

17, 720 

34, 585 

27, 694 
31, 588 
15, 682 
592 
2,926 

6,207 
21, 576 



8,184 

1,462 

23,364 

46, 056 

34, 592 

45, 150 

18, 426 

1,224 

6,212 

14, 364 
42, 427 



7,425 

1,342 

21,861 

46, 332 

30, 096 

41, 995 

19, 264 

1,106 

3,483 

9,224 
31,512 



115 

2, 944 

10, 360 

92 

449 

610 
128 

413 
105 
111 
303 
353 

5 

46 

3, 869 

2.826 

657 

626 
109 
812 
208 
34 

178 

3 

1,088 

725 

674 



85 
3,261 

13, 170 
86 
476 
648 
171 

493 
149 
170 
552 
540 

7 

100 

4, 610 

3,933 

581 

654 
121 

774 

246 

45 



3 

665 
429 

S3.' 



137 
4,402 

14, 487 

83 

471 

609 

156 

473 
161 
170 
552 
491 

5 

70 

5,302 

3,894 

1,046 

700 

181 

1, 006 

238 

50 

209 

4 

1,197 

738 

749 



12.0 
15.1 

12.4 

17. 

18.6 

14.1 

14.4 

10.4 
9.6 
8.7 
12.7 
10.3 

9.9 
9.1 
11.2 
10.1 
13.8 

19.6 
11.6 
11.3 
9.2 
21.8 

16.8 
25.1 
23.8 
20.2 
18.0 



13.0 
14.0 

12.0 

16.0 
19.0 
15.0 
16.0 

11.8 
9.5 
8.5 
18.5 
12.5 

11.0 
10.5 
14.2 
10.6 
11.0 

22.0 
11.5 
13.5 
11.5 
22.0 

15.0 
28.0 
25.5 
20.0 
21.5 



11.5 
12.0 

10.5 
20.0 
20.0 
14.0 
15.0 

11.5 
11.0 
10.0 
15.0 
11.0 

13.0 
8.5 

11.0 
9.0 

23.5 

25.0 
13.0 
14.5 
10.0 
22.0 

21.0 
27.0 
27.0 
21.5 
17.0 



1,414 
46, 400 

133,463 
1,655 
8,372 
8,598 
1,855 

4,275 

974 

934 

3,869 

3,588 

46 

406 
44, 015 
29, 984 
9,256 

12, 360 
1,273 
9,672 
2,277 
733 

3,001 
74 
26, 181 
14, 924 
12, 194 



1,105 
45, 654 

158,040 
1,376 
9,044 
9,720 
2,736 

5,817 
1,416 
1,445 
10,212 
6,750 

77 

1,050 

65, 462 

41, 690 

6,391 

14, 388 
1,392 

10, 449 
2,829 



2,820 
84 

16, 958 

8,580 

17, 88s 



1,576 
52, 824 

152, 114 
1,660 
9,420 
8,526 
2,340 

5,440 
1,771 
1,700 
8,280 
5,401 

65 

595 

58, 322 

35, 046 

24, 581 

17, 500 
2,353 

14, 587 
2,380 
1,100 

4,389 

108 

32, 319 

15, 867 
12, 733 



13.6 



13.3 



752, 891 



875, 676 



930, 801 



37, 281 



40. 978 49, 711 



14.5 14.6 13.8 546,396 



685, 824 



686, 637 



State 



Maine 

New York 

Pennsylvania... 

Ohio.. 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota- 
South Dakota.. 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico.. . 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

United States 



All Spring Wheat 



Acreage harvested 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1,000 
acres 
5 
9 
12 
12 
11 

99 
16 
76 
1,385 
42 



8,349 

2,505 

250 

24 

2,835 

485 

140 

304 

28 

74 

12 

1,108 

252 



18, 044 



1937 



1,000 
acres 



37 

15 

63 

,857 

19 



7,018 

2, 653 

340 

2 

2,043 

499 

145 

362 

23 

91 

16 

1, 652 

564 

17, 444 



1938 



1,000 
acres 
4 
6 
9 
5 
9 

30 
17 
53 
2,358 
25 

8 

8,955 

2,906 

289 

10 

3,412 

449 

173 

333 

25 

78 

15 

991 

350 



20. 510 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



Bu. 
20. 
16.8 
17.0 
18.2 
15 

16.8 
16.5 
17.3 
12.2 
14.0 

12.4 
9.0 
8.6 

10.5 
8.3 

10.6 
25.2 
11.8 
13.5 
13.0 

28.2 
24. 
15.9 
20.0 



11.1 



1937 



Bu. 
19.0 
18.5 
19.0 
10.0 
14.0 

14.0 
15.5 
13.0 
15.9 
15.0 

11.0 
8.1 
5.4 
4.5 
6.0 

7.6 
28.0 
11.5 
13.0 
13.5 

29.0 
25.0 
20.5 
21.0 



10.9 



Bu. 

17.0 
18.0 
19.0 
17.5 
16.0 

18.5 
15.0 
17.0 
15.0 
14.5 

11.0 
8 9 
9.0 

10.0 
7.0 

14.0 
27.5 
12.5 
14.5 
12.0 

28.0 
23.0 
19.5 
22.0 



11.9 



Production 



Average. 
1927-36 



1,000 bu. 
94 
158 
197 
212 
185 

1,789 

259 

1,296 

16, 484 
607 

111 

81, 391 

25, 387 

2,355 

225 

31, 940 

12, 381 

1,721 

4,162 

362 

2,099 
294 

17, 732 
5,041 



206, 494 



1937 



1,000 bu. 
76 
92 
209 
80 
126 

518 
232 
819 
29, 572 
285 



57, 005 

14, 276 
1,530 

12 

15, 527 
13, 972 

1,668 

4,706 

310 

2,639 

400 

33, 866 

11, 844 



189, 852 



1938 



lfiOObu. 

6S 
108 
171 

88 
144 

555 
255 
901 
35, 465 
362 

88 

79, 839 

26, 201 

2,890 

70 

47, 768 

12,348 

2, 162 

4, 

300 

2,184 

345 

19, 324 

7,700 



244, 164 



Spring Wheat Other Than Durum 



Acreage harvested 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1,000 
acres 



16 

76 

1,224 

42 

9 

5, 676 

1,719 

251 

24 

2,835 

485 

140 

304 

28 

74 

12 

1,108 

252 



1937 



1,000 

acres 

4 

5 

11 



37 
15 
63 
1,764 
19 

8 

4, 925 

2,053 

340 

2 

2,043 

499 

145 

362 

23 

91 

16 

1,652 

564 



14, 424 14, 658 16, 965 



193s 



1,000 

acres 

4 

6 



30 
17 
53 
2,263 
25 



6, 255 

2,156 

289 

10 

3,412 

449 

173 

333 

25 

78 

15 

991 

350 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



Bu. 
20.4 
16.8 
17.0 
18.2 
15.4 

16.8 
16.5 
17.3 
12.1 
14.0 

12.4 
8.7 
8.6 

10.5 
8.3 

10.6 
25.2 
11.8 
13.5 
13. 

28.2 
24.6 
15.9 
20.0 



11.3 



1937 



Bu. 
19.0 
18.5 
19.0 
10.0 
14.0 

14.0 
15.5 
13 
16.0 
15.0 

11.0 
6.9 
5.2 
4.5 
6.0 

7.6 
28.0 
11.5 
13.0 
13.5 

29.0 
25.0 
20.5 
21.0 



11.0 



1938 



Bu. 
17.0 
18.0 
19.0 
17.5 
16.0 

18.5 
15.0 
17.0 
15.0 
14.5 

11.0 
7.8 
8.5 

10.0 
7.0 

14.0 
27.5 
12 5 
14.5 
12.0 

28.0 
23 
19.5 
22.0 



12.0 



Production 



Average, 
1927-36 



1,000 bu. 
94 
158 
197 
212 
185 

1,789 
259 

1,296 

14, 336 

607 

111 

51, 970 

16, 870 

2,355 

225 

31, 940 

12, 381 

1,721 

4,162 

362 

2,099 

294 

17,732 

5.041 



166,410 



1937 



1,000 bu. 
76 
92 



518 
232 



28, 224 
285 



33, 982 

10, 676 

1,530 

12 

15, 527 

13, 972 

1,668 

4,706 

310 

2,639 

400 

33, 866 

11,844 



101,881 



1,000 bu. 

68 
108 
171 

88 
144 

555 
255 
901 
33, 945 
362 



48, 789 

18, 326 
2,890 

70 

47, 768 

12. 348 

2,162 

4,828 

300 

2,184 
345 

19, 324 
7,700 



203, 719 



268 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 





Barley 


Rye 


State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 




Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Maine 


1,000 

acres 

4 

4 

173 

1 

53 

95 

36 

309 

224 

760 

1,929 

548 

27 

1, 905 

1,434 

607 
428 


1,000 

acres 

4 

5 

133 

1 

63 

32 

27 

125 

202 

847 

2,021 

389 

124 

1,280 

1,384 

645 
298 


1,000 

acres 

4 

5 

146 

2 

69 

28 

25 
155 
166 

771 

1,960 

447 

102 

1,254 

1,315 

916 
393 


Bush- 
els 
29.1 
26.6 
24.2 
27.8 
25.0 

23.4 
19.8 
25.0 
22.9 
27.9 

22.0 
24.3 
17.4 
15.2 
16.3 

19.0 
14.2 


Bush- 
els 
28.0 
24.0 
23.0 
30.0 
29.0 

25.0 
24.0 
27.5 
22.5 
26.0 

25.5 
32.0 
18.5 
16.5 
14.5 

16.5 
11.5 


Bush- 
els 
29.0 
29.0 
29.5 
31.0 
29.5 

25.0 
20.0 
30.0 
27.5 
31.5 

24.5 
29.0 
19.0 
17.0 
22.0 

23.5 
17.0 


1,000 

bushels 

111 

103 

4,216 

28 

1,334 

2, 353 
737 
8,174 
5,144 
20, 980 

42,917 
13, 846 
464 
30, 894 
26, 366 

11, 458 
6,552 


1,000 

bushels 

112 

120 

3,059 

30 

1,827 

800 

648 
3,438 
4, 545 
22, 022 

51, 536 

12, 448 
2,294 
21, 120 
20, 068 

10, 642 
3,427 


1,000 

bushels 

116 

145 

4,307 

62 

2,036 

700 

500 

4,650 

4. 565 

24, 286 

48, 020 
12, 963 
1,938 
21,318 
28,930 

21, 526 
6,681 


1,000 
acres 


1.000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


Bush- 
els 


Bush- 
els 


Bush- 
els 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


Vermont 




















New York 


21 
25 
113 

63 
112 

72 
161 
218 

386 

55 

24 

891 

274 

275 

29 

6 

19 

51 

12 

63 

9 

18 

18 

23 

15 

3 

49 

5 

27 
45 


29 
22 

79 

40 
143 
126 
144 
340 

564 
207 
55 
672 
509 

390 

84 

5 

16 

42 

9 
62 
10 
17 
24 

41 

36 

3 

22 

6 

24 
45 


19 
22 
61 

26 
110 
94 

115 
330 

547 
101 
34 
961 
636 

417 

65 

7 

14 

38 

7 
58 

9 
19 
18 

39 

40 

4 

37 

8 

30 

41 


15.1 

17.5 
13.6 

13.4 
11.6 
11.6 
11.9 
10.8 

14.7 
14.2 
8.8 
9.7 
10.9 

9.3 
10.6 
12.6 
12.9 
11.3 

11.4 
7.7 
8.4 
6.1 

10.6 

6.7 
7.9 
9 9 
9.4 
11.1 

6.8 
7.4 


17.5 
17.0 
15.0 

14.5 
12.5 
14.5 
11.5 
13.5 

19.0 
19.5 
10.5 
10.0 
12.0 

10.0 
11.5 
12.5 
13.0 
12.5 

12.0 
7.5 
8.5 
5.5 

13.0 

7.5 
8.5 

14.0 
9.0 

10.0 

7.0 
8.5 


17.0 
17.0 
14.5 

13.5 
11.5 
13.5 
13.5 
13.0 

18.0 
15.5 
10.0 
13.5 
16.0 

11.5 
10.5 
14.0 
12.5 
11.5 

12.5 
7.0 
9.0 
6.0 

12.5 

7.0 
8.5 
10.5 
16 
12.0 

6.5 
8.5 


323 

441 

1,531 

878 
1,304 

841 
1,934 
2,358 

5,714 

784 

212 

9,811 

3,388 

2,655 

308 

78 

247 

588 

137 
481 
77 
106 
189 

158 
118 

27 
520 

55 

193 
351 


508 

374 

1,185 

580 
1,788 
1,827 
1,656 
4,590 

10, 716 
4,036 
.578 
6,720 
6,108 

3,900 

966 
62 
208 
625 

108 
465 
85 
94 
312 

308 
306 

42 
198 

60 

168 
382 


323 


New Jersey 


374 


Pennsylvania 


884 


Ohio - -.. 


351 


Indiana 


1,265 


Illinois 


1,269 


Michigan 


1,552 


Wisconsin 


4,290 




9,846 




1,566 




340 


North Dakota _ 


12, 974 
10, 176 


South Dakota . 




4,796 
682 




Delaware _. 


98 




24 
30 

14 
16 


36 

47 

5 
9 


41 

55 

5 
10 


28.5 
24.8 

•23.8 
17.8 


33.0 
29.0 

27.0 
20.0 


30.5 
24.0 

28.0 
19.0 


695 

718 

i 95 
278 


1,188 
1,363 

135 
180 


1,250 
1,320 

140 
190 


175 


Virginia . 


437 


West Virginia 


88 


North Carolina. _ 


406 


South Carolina... 


81 


Georgia 




















114 


Kentucky 


11 

22 
86 
159 
160 
128 

82 

425 

7 

20 

39 

6 

54 

85 

1,070 


35 

33 

117 
107 
91 
103 

60 

408 

7 

20 

61 

8 

61 

130 

1,050 


39 

44 
180 
139 
132 
129 

66 

510 

8 

26 

62 

7 

64 

136 

1,102 


21.8 

17.2 
14.4 
15.8 
19.6 
33.2 

21.4 
18.8 
20.0 
30.5 
37.5 

37.8 
31.8 
29.4 
26.9 


26.0 

18.0 
17.5 
16 5 
23.0 
36.0 

24.0 
21.5 
21.0 
29.0 
39.0 

38.0 
34.0 
32.0 
27.0 


24.0 

18.0 
19.0 
17.0 
29.0 
36.0 

26 
23.5 
21.0 
31.0 
41 

38.0 
32 5 
25.0 
25.0 


243 

378 
1, 253 
2,612 
3, 250 
4,241 

1,732 

7,968 

148 

602 

1,472 

241 

1,737 

2.485 

29. 090 


910 

594 
2,048 
1,766 
2,093 
3,708 

1,440 

8,772 

147 

580 

2,379 

304 
2,074 
4.160 
28, 350 


936 

792 
3,420 
2, 363 
3,828 
4,644 

1,716 

11, 985 

168 

806 

2,542 

266 

2,080 

3,400 

27, 550 


225 


Tennessee 


273 


Oklahoma 


340 


Texas 


42 


Montana 


592 




96 




195 


Colorado 


348 


New Mexico 
























Utah 


2 


4 


4 


7.6 


8.0 


9.0 


19 


32 


36 






Washington 


21 

27 
»8 


18 

53 
5 


13 

50 

5 


9.1 

13.1 

1 12.4 


9.0 
13.5 
13.0 


8.5 
12.5 
14.0 


194 

351 

' 104 


162 
716 
65 


110 




625 


California 


70 






United States 


10, 967 


9,968 


10, 513 


21.0 


22.1 


24 


234, 895 


220, 327 


252, 139 


3,140 


3,846 


3,979 


11.3 


13.0 


13.8 


36, 454 


49, 830 


55, 039 



i Short-time average. 











Flaxseed 








Grain Sorghums 




Acreage harvested 


Yield per 


acre 


Production 


Acreage harvested for 
all purposes 


Yield per acre ' 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age. 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


For all purposes ' 


For grain 




Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Michigan 


1,000 

acres 

>5 

6 

699 

19 

3 

932 
312 

8 
42 


1,000 
acres 
8 
4 
453 
8 
5 

292 
63 

57 


1,000 
acres 
10 
4 
453 
10 
4 

298 

45 

1 

51 


Bush 
els 
^9.3 
10.9 
8.0 
8.6 
4.5 

4.8 
4.5 
5.2 
5.8 


Bush- 
els 

6.0 
10.5 

9.0 
11.5 

4.0 

5.3 
4.3 

5.8 


Bush- 
els 

9.0 
11.0 
10.5 
12.0 

5.0 

5.0 
8.5 
8.5 
7.2 


1,000 

bushels 

»59 

72 

5,572 

162 

14 

4,896 

1,720 

50 

240 


1,000 
bushels 
48 
42 
4,077 
92 
20 

1,548 
228 

331 


1,000 
bushels 
90 
44 
4,756 
120 
20 

1,490 

382 

8 

367 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


Bush- 
els 


Bush- 
els 


Bush- 
els 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


Wisconsin 


























Minnesota 


























Iowa 


























Missouri.. 


172 


300 


250 


11.4 


16.0 


14.5 


1,822 


4,800 


3,625 


613 


1,224 


806 


North Dakota... 




South Dakota 

Nebraska 


76 

1,275 

»69 

1,452 

3,565 


97 

184 

1,370 

80 
1,381 

3,271 


301 
438 

1,343 
60 

1,211 

3,238 


11.0 

11.6 

2 9.2 

9.2 

13.8 


6.0 

9.5 
9.0 
11.0 
10.0 

16.0 


8.0 
15.0 
11.0 

9.5 

10 5 

14.5 


629 

14, 463 

2 635 

13, 490 

49, 458 


582 
1,748 
12, 330 

880 
13, 810 

52, 336 


2,408 
6, 570 

14, 773 
570 

12,716 

46, 951 


108 
10, 022 

2 116 

8,784 
29, 343 


91 

420 

10, 022 

288 

8,657 

37, 043 


378 
1,584 


Kansas 


11 891 


Arkansas 


189 






















7,808 






















30, 048 


Montana 


174 


14 


42 


4.7 


3.1 


5.0 


796 


43 


210 






228 
290 
34 
98 


234 
375 
39 

145 


421 
350 
35 
145 


8.4 
11.2 
26.2 
28.4 


6.5 
12.0 
28.5 
28.0 


11.0 
8.5 
31.5 
31.0 


1,909 

3,312 

898 

2,842 


1,521 
4,500 
1,112 
4,060 


4,631 
2,975 
1,102 
4,495 


392 
1,917 

626 
2,667 


352 
3,500 

899 
4,060 


1,008 






















1,917 






















896 






40 


36 




16.5 


19.0 




660 


684 


4,495 








United States 


2,218 


934 


954 


0.0 


7.6 


8.6 


13, 751 


7,089 


8,171 


7,246 


7,476 


7,792 


12.4 


13.1 


12.9 


89, 331 


97, 679 


100,816 


54, 464 


66, 556 


01,020 



i Includes grain equivalent on forage acreage. 



2 Short-time average. 



December 1938 



CHOPS AND MARKETS 



269 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 





All Tame Hay 


Wild Hay ' 


State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre J 


Production 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 




Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 




1,000 
acres 
995 
372 
925 
358 
39 

296 
4,137 

224 
2,548 
2,658 

1,862 
2,767 
2,602 
3,214 
2,599 

3,147 
2,965 
1,204 
1,047 
1,600 

1,163 

62 

385 

950 

685 

795 

434 

763 

87 

1.283 

1,432 

605 
513 
692 
238 

500 

686 

1,497 

1,048 

722 

1,188 
136 
194 

542 

196 

892 

897 

1,669 

55,815 


1.000 
acres 
1,010 
383 
949 
395 
43 

335 
4,108 

222 
2, 465 
2,472 

1,669 
2,360 
2, 556 
3.473 
2,822 

2,723 
2,176 
990 
1,081 
1,412 

947 

64 

385 

1,060 

665 

967 

603 

935 

93 

1,290 

1,603 
862 
776 
852 
263 

555 

885 

1,159 

1,013 

787 

1,022 
129 
180 
515 

182 

919 

806 

1,459 


1,000 

acres 

1,004 

386 

927 

391 

45 

341 
4,009 

'216 
2,418 
2,637 

1,995 
2,753 
2,644 
3,655 
2,882 

3,083 
2.214 
1,046 
848 
1,170 

760 

64 

382 

1, 052 

684 

962 
551 

1,085 
99 

1,319 

1,660 

848 

877 

942 

299 

582 

1,036 

1,255 

1,028 

801 

1,062 
136 
199 
494 

184 

940 

838 

1,506 


Tons 
0.88 
1.02 
1.17 
1.31 
1.24 

1.30 
1.20 
1.50 
1.20 
1.10 

1.11 
1.18 
1.16 
1.39 
1.32 

1.31 
.88 
.99 
.92 

1.46 

1.47 
1.32 
1.21 
.95 
.96 

.79 
.71 
.54 
.56 
.97 

.89 
.71 
1.16 
1.00 
1.21 

1.30 

.99 

1.24 

2.15 

1.24 

1. 59 
1.98 
2.61 
2.03 

1.90 
1.83 
1.78 
2.53 


Tons 
0.85 
1.10 
1.21 
1.48 
1.33 

1.44 
1.40 
1.67 
1.32 
1.32 

1.35 
1.33 
1.37 
1.44 
1.68 

1.48 
1.02 
1.02 
.88 
1.07 

1.09 
1.33 
1.35 
1.14 
1.11 

.85 
.83 
.58 
.56 
1.13 

1.00 
.80 
1.27 
1.14 
1.22 

1.23 
.94 
1.22 
2.22 
1.25 

1.63 
2.05 
2.69 
2.27 

2.07 
1.89 
1.77 
2.83 


Tons 
0.93 
1.05 
1.18 

1.47 
1.29 

1.51 
1.36 
1.65 
1.36 
1.40 

1.41 
1.48 
1.40 
1.77 
1.70 
1.62 
1.02 
1.11 
1.03 
1.46 

1.54 
1.42 
1.42 
1.08 

1.17 

.90 
.78 
.58 
.57 
1.30 

1.11 
.78 
1.24 
1.04 
1.11 

1.40 
.98 
1.55 
2.26 
1.16 

1.75 
1.97 
2.48 
2.13 

2.01 
1.82 
1.77 
2.89 


1,000 
tons 
870 
377 
1,082 
468 
49 

384 
4,983 

336 
3,085 
2,934 

2,060 
3,272 
3,033 
4,516 
3,407 

4,116 
2,645 
1,155 
970 
2,338 

1,739 
83 
468 
907 
661 

630 
309 
412 
49 
1,266 

1,271 
430 
595 
685 
284 

645 

671 

1,839 

2,256 

892 

1,898 
270 
505 

1,107 

373 
1.621 
1,598 
4,212 


1,000 
tons 
863 
420 
1,147 
584 
57 

484 
5,747 

370 
3,251 
3,255 

2,255 
3,129 
3,512 
4,989 
4,737 

4,021 

2,226 

1,008 

948 

1,514 

1,032 

85 

518 

1,206 

741 

824 

501 

645 

52 

1,463 

1.597 
690 
983 
969 
321 

680 

831 

1,416 

2, 249 

982 

1,661 

264 

485 

1,171 

376 
1, 735 
1,428 
4,127 


1,000 

tons 

935 

405 

1,096 

575 

58 

516 
5, 436 

357 
3,283 
3, 695 

2, 815 
4.083 
3,714 
6.479 
4.893 

4,997 
2,251 
1,162 
870 
1,709 

1,171 
91 

543 
1,138 

802 

863 

431 

631 

56 

1,720 

1,850 
662 

1,086 
980 
333 

815 
1,012 
1,940 
2,323 

933 

1, 863 
268 
493 

1,051 

370 
1,707 
1,486 
4,352 


1,000 

acres 
6 
6 
7 
8 
1 

8 
42 
13 
12 

4 

10 

20 

35 

274 

1,764 

194 

132 

1,541 

1,775 

2,680 

851 
2 
3 
9 
9 

24 
13 
19 
2 
22 

38 
41 
53 
153 
20 

502 
221 
587 
92 
286 

356 
23 

11 

65 

124 

30 

231 

140 


1,000 
acres 
8 
8 
9 
9 
1 

10 
52 
13 
20 

5 

6 

21 

37 

275 

1,536 

159 

132 

1,482 

1,750 

2,167 

645 
1 
4 
13 
12 

34 
26 
20 
1 
25 
34 
40 
69 
165 
25 

468 
285 
487 
78 
307 

356 

21 

9 

65 

137 

27 

220 

170 


1,000 
acres 
8 
7 
10 
8 
1 

10 
65 

12 
14 

5 

6 

15 

26 

184 

1,428 

154 

120 

1,586 

1.838 

2,384 

697 

1 

4 

13 

10 

31 
22 
19 

1 
25 

32 
40 
69 
168 
18 

460 
271 
599 
82 
292 

374 
25 

7 
60 

137 

29 

220 

187 


Tons 
0.94 
.92 
.92 

.94 
.84 

1.09 
.90 
1.29 

.82 
.71 

.88 
.84 
.81 
.98 
.92 

.96 
.96 
.76 
.55 
.66 

.88 
1.11 

.87 
.78 
.78 

.95 
.71 
.84 
.74 
.90 
.74 
.78 
1.00 
.97 
.97 

.88 
.92 
.78 
.96 
.74 

.94 
.76 
.86 
1.02 

.95 
1.20 

.98 
1.10 


Tons 
0.90 
.90 
.95 
1.00 
.90 

1.15 
1.05 
1.15 

.90 
.85 

.90 
.85 
.85 
1.05 
1.10 

1.10 
1.25 
.75 
.55 
.55 

.85 
1.05 
1.00 
.90 
.90 

1.10 

.85 
.80 
.65 
1.00 

.85 
.85 
1.15 
1.10 
1.25 

.85 
.80 
.80 
.95 

.75 

1.00 
.80 
.90 

1.10 

1.10 
1.30 
1.05 
1.00 


Tons 
1.00 
.95 
.95 
1.00 
.80 

1.15 
1.00 
1.30 
.85 
.80 

1.00 
.80 
.85 
1.00 
1.10 

1.15 
1.15 

.80 
.55 
.75 

1.20 
1.00 
1.15 
.80 
.95 

1.00 
.80 
.85 
.60 

1.10 

.90 

.90 
1.10 
1.05 
1.30 
1.15 
1.05 

.95 
1.00 

.75 
1.00 

.65 
1.00 
1.10 

1.10 
1.15 
1.15 

1.30 


1,000 

tons 
6 
6 
7 
7 
1 

8 
38 
17 
10 

3 

8 

17 

28 

263 

1,640 

188 

126 

1,218 

1,046 

1,807 

770 
2 
3 
7 

7 

23 
10 
16 
2 
20 

28 
32 
52 
146 
19 

443 

203 
473 
89 
219 

334 

18 
10 
66 

121 

36 

227 

158 


1,000 

tons 
7 
7 
9 
9 
1 

12 
55 
15 
18 
4 

5 

18 

31 

289 

1,690 

175 

165 

1,112 

\, 962 

1,192 

548 
1 
4 
12 
11 

37 
22 
16 
1 
25 

29 
34 
79 
182 
31 

398 

228 

390 

74 

230 

356 
17 

8 
72 

151 

35 

231 

170 


1,000 
tons 
8 


New Hampshire _ 


7 


Vermont 


10 


Massachusetts 


1 


Rhode Island 


' 8 


Connecticut 


12 


New York 


65 


New Jersey 


16 


Pennsylvania 


12 


Ohio 


4 




6 




12 


Michigan 

Wisconsin 


22 

184 

1.571 


Iowa _- 


177 


Missouri -. 


138 


North Dakota . 


1,269 


South Dakota _. 

Nebraska 


1,011 

1,788 

836 


Delaware 


1 




5 


Virginia 


10 


West Virginia 


10 


North Carolina 


31 


South Carolina 


18 


Georgia .. 


16 


Florida 


1 


Kentucky 


28 




29 


Alabama 


36 


Mississipni _. 


76 


Arkansas 


176 


Louisiana 


23 


Oklahoma 


629 


Texas. 


285 


Montana 


569 


Idaho 


82 


Wyoming 


219 


Colorado 


374 


New Mexico 


16 


Arizona 


7 


Utah 


66 


Nevada 


151 


Washington 


33 


Oregon 


253 


California 


243 






United States 


54, 620 


56, 309 


1.25 


1.34 


1.43 


69, 754 


73, 449 


80, 299 


12, 462 


11,444 


11,774 


.79 


.80 


.89 


9,979 


9,168 


10, 444 



1 Includes prairie, marsh, and salt grasses. 



2 Yields per acre computed from sums of acreages and productions by kinds of hay. 



All Hay 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per 


acre 


Production 


State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver 

age, 

1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Maine 


1,000 

acres 

1,001 

378 

932 

366 

40 

303 

4,179 

237 

2,560 

2,663 

1,871 
2,788 
2,638 
3,489 
4,364 

3,341 

3,097 
2,746 
2,822 
4,280 

2,014 

64 

388 

959 

66 


1,000 

acres 

1,018 

391 

958 

404 

44 

345 
4,160 

235 
2,485 
2,477 

1,675 
2,381 
2,593 
3,748 
4,358 

2,882 
2.308 
2,472 
2,831 
3,579 

1,592 

65 

389 

1,073 

7795 


1,000 

acres 

1,012 

393 

937 

399 

46 

351 
4,074 

228 
2,432 
2,642 

2,001 
2,768 
2,670 
3.839 
4,310 

3,237 
2,334 
2,632 
2,686 
3,554 

1,457 
65 

386 
1,065 

694 


Tons 
0.88 
1.01 
1.17 
1.30 
1.23 

1.29 
1.20 
1.49 
1.20 
1.10 

1.10 
1.18 
1.16 
1.36 
1.15 

1.29 
.89 
.85 
.68 
.96 

1.22 
1.32 
1.21 
.94 
.96 


Tons 
0.85 
1.09 
1.21 
1.47 
1.32 

1.44 
1.39 
1.64 
1.32 
1.32 

1.35 
1.32 
1.37 

1.41 
1.47 

1.46 

1.04 
.86 
.67 
.76 

.99 
1.32 
1.34 
1.14 

1.11 


Tons 
0.93 
1.05 
1.18 
1.46 
1.28 

1.50 
1.35 
1.64 
1.35 
1.40 

1.41 
1.48 
1.40 
1.74 
1.50 

1.60 
1.02 
.92 
.70 
.98 

1.38 
1.42 
1.42 
1.08 
1.17 


1,000 

tons 

876 

382 

1,088 

476 

50 

392 
5,022 

353 
3.095 
2,937 

2.069 
3,290 
3, 061 
4,779 
5,047 

4,304 
2,771 
2.372 
2,016 
4,145 

2,509 

85 

471 

914 

668 


1,000 
tons 
870 
427 
1,156 
593 
58 

496 

5,802 

385 

3,269 

3,259 

2,260 
3, 147 
3,543 
5,278 
6,427 

4,196 
2,391 
2. 120 
1,910 
2,706 

1,580 
86 

522 
1,218 

752 


1,000 

tons 

943 

412 

1,106 

583 

59 

' 528 
5,501 
373 
3,295 
3, 699 

2,821 
4.095 
3,736 
6,663 
6,464 

5,174 
2,389 
2,431 
1,881 
3,497 

2,007 
92 

548 
1,148 

812 


North Carolina... 
South Carolina... 


1,000 
acres 
818 
447 
782 
89 
1,305 

1,470 

646 

566 

845 

258 

1,002 

907 

2,084 

1,141 

1,008 

1,544 
159 
205 
606 

320 

922 

1,128 

1,810 


1,000 

acres 

1,001 

629 

955 

94 

1,315 

1,637 
902 
845 

1,017 
288 

1,023 
1,170 
1, 64R 
1,091 
1,094 

1,378 
150 
189 
580 

319 

946 

1,026 


1,000 

acres 

993 

573 

1,104 

100 

1,344 

1,692 

888 

946 

1,110 

317 

1,042 
1,307 
1, 854 
1,110 
1,093 

1,436 
101 
206 

554 

321 

969 

1.058 


Tons 
0.80 
.71 
.65 
.67 
.97 

.88 
.72 

1.15 
.99 

1.19 

1.09 
.97 
1.10 
2.06 
1.10 

1.44 
1.81 
2.52 
1.92 

1.54 
1.80 
1.62 
2.42 


Tons 

0.86 

.83 

.59 

.56 

1.13 

.99 

.80 

1.26 

1.13 

1.22 

1.05 
.91 
1.10 
2.13 
1.11 

1.46 
1.87 
2.61 
2.14 

1.65 
1.87 
1.62 
2.64 


Tons 
0.90 
.78 
.69 
.57 
1.30 

1.11 

.79 
1.23 
1.04 
1.12 

1.29 

.99 
1.35 
2.17 

1.05 

1.56 
1.76 
2.43 
2.02 

1.62 
1.80 
1.64 
2.71 


1,000 

tons 

653 

318 

428 

51 

1,285 

1,299 
462 
647 
830 
303 

1,088 

874 

2,312 

2,345 

1,111 

2,232 

288 

515 

1,173 

494 
1,658 
1,825 
4,370 


1,000 

tons 

861 

523 

661 

53 

1,488 

1,626 

724 

1,002 

1,151 

352 

1,078 
1,059 
1,806 
2,323 
1,212 

2,017 
281 
493 

1,243 

627 
1,770 
1,669 
4,297 


1,000 
tons 
894 


New Hampshire. . 
Vermont 


449 
647 


Massachusetts 


Florida 


57 


Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 
Ohio 


Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 


1.748 

1,879 

698 


Mississippi 

Arkansas _. 


1,162 
1, 156 


Louisiana 


356 


Indiana 


Oklahoma 

Texas 


1,344 
1 297 


Illinois 




2,509 
2,405 
1,152 

2.237 


Michigan 




Wisconsin 

Minnesota .. 


Wyoming 


Iowa _ 


New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 


284 


Missouri 




North Dakota 


1,117 


South Dakota 


Nevada 


521 


Kansas 


Washington 


1,740 
1,739 


Delaware 


California 

United States. 










Virginia 




1.17 


1.25 


1 33 


79, 733 


82, 617 


90 743 


West Virginia 













270 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire. 

Vermont 

Massachusetts. . . 
Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 



Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan.. 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 



Kansas 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia.. 

North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas.. 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada.. 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



Clover and Timothy Hay 



Acreage harvested 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1937 



1,000 

acres 
586 
208 
702 
247 
22 

155 
3,340 

160 
2,277 
2,152 

1,174 

1,436 
1,639 
2,306 
1,096 

2,066 

2,026 

42 

46 

88 

149 

42 

308 

472 

471 



3 
446 
302 

»5 
3 



244 
158 
107 
166 



23 
25 
184 
122 
>38 



United States 25, 189 19, 476 21. 320 



1,000 
acres 
500 
210 
705 
290 
24 

180 
3, 231) 

135 
2,108 
1,70' 

68! 

668 
1,228 
1,911 

780 

990 

1,260 

11 

18 
14 

30 
42 
300 
467 
408 

64 



1938 



Yield per acre 



4 
350 
195 

5 

6 

48 



180 
108 
102 
130 
6 



19 

20 

200 

100 

35 



1,000 
acres 
48J 
212 
684 
281 
24 

189 

3,160 
127 

2, 066 
1,929 

1,149 
1,250 
1,388 
2,007 
757 

1, 336 

1,260 
16 
18 
12 

20 
40 
300 
476 
420 



4 
364 
230 

5 
7 
58 



225 
119 
106 
130 
6 



20 
21 
200 
116 
35 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



Ton 
0.97 
1.14 
1.21 
1.42 
1.35 

1.38 
1.20 
1.37 
1.18 
1.00 

.96 
1.11 
1.02 
1.28 

1.21 

1.10 
.79 
.97 
.82 

1.01 

.97 
1.20 
1.13 
1.00 

.95 

.91 



.91 



1.33 
1.37 
1.12 
1.40 
1.26 



1.46 
1.30 
2.07 
1.58 
» 1.57 



1.11 



1937 



Tons 
L.97 
1.25 
1.27 
1.60 
1.45 

1.50 
1.40 
1.45 
1.25 
1.15 

1.10 
1.15 
1.15 
1.35 
1.50 
1.15 
.90 
1.00 
.85 
.85 

.95 
1.20 
1.25 
1.20 
1.15 

1.00 



1938 



1.05 
1.05 



1.35 
1.00 



1.30 
1.40 
1.20 
1.45 
1.35 



1.55 
1.25 
2.15 
1.60 
1.80 



1.25 



Tons 
1.05 
1.15 
1.23 
1.58 
1.43 

1.60 
1.35 
1.45 
1.30 
1.25 

1.25 
1.35 
1.25 
1.50 
1.45 

1.35 
.85 

1.10 
.95 

1.15 

1.05 
1.35 
1.35 
1.20 
1.20 

1.00 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1.20 
1.10 

.85 
1.35 

.95 



1.70 
1.45 
1.00 
1.35 
1.20 



1.65 
1.50 
2.00 
1.60 
1. 



1.30 



1,000 

tons 
571 
238 
851 
351 
29 

214 
4,002 

221 
2,694 
2,166 

1,143 
1,628 
1,692 
3,055 
1,361 

2,331 

1,652 

47 

42 

96 

154 
50 
351 
482 
456 



1937 



3 

419 

279 

>i 

4 

64 



330 
218 
122 
233 
11 



34 
34 

380 
193 
»59 



28, 333 



1,000 

tons 
485 
262 
895 
464 
35 

270 
4,522 

196 
2,635 
1,963 

757 

768 

1,412 

2,580 

1,170 

1,138 

1,134 

11 

15 
12 

28 

50 

375 

560 



1938 



Alfalfa Hay 



Acreage harvested 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



4 

368 

205 

4 

8 

48 



234 
151 
122 



29 

25 
430 
160 

63 



1,000 

tons 
509 
244 
841 
444 
34 

302 

4,266 

184 

2,686 

2,411 

1,436 

1, 
1,735 
3,010 
1,098 

1,804 

1,071 

18 

17 

14 

21 

54 

405 

571 

504 



4 
437 
253 

4 
9 

55 



382 
173 
106 
176 

7 



33 
32 
400 
184 
63 



27, 754 



1,000 

acres 
6 
3 
9 
5 
» 1 

10 
244 

35 
134 
290 

252 
308 
755 
514 
749 

596 
178 
215 
624 
1,157 

769 

6 

28 

48 

13 

6 
2 

4 
114 
30 

4 

32 

59 

15 

220 

61 

701 

764 

375 

731 

92 

151 
493 
140 
226 
254 
773 



1937 



1,000 

acres 

6 

3 

14 
8 
1 

15 
314 

46 
209 
470 

451 
372 

1, 103 
983 

1,203 

945 
200 
136 
386 
1,038 

606 

6 
34 
60 
24 

8 

2 

6 

144 

50 

4 

75 

67 

20 

245 

79 
563 
781 
382 
636 

87 

139 
471 
137 

252 
256 



1938 



12,197 13,725 13,462 



1,000 
acres 

g 

3 
13 
8 
1 

16 
301 

49 
215 
465 

433 

405 

1,048 

1,199 

1,263 

900 
152 
122 
301 
789 

394 
6 
34 
61 
25 

8 

2 

6 

160 

67 

4 
69 
77 
21 
240 

91 
619 
781 
367 
661 

91 

145 
447 
137 
280 
259 
722 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



Tons 
1.52 
1.94 
2.26 
2.29 
2 2.26 

2.82 
1:90 
2.18 
1.87 
1.82 

1 

2.04 

1.54 

2.00 

1.76 

2.12 
1.92 
1.14 
1.02 

1.62 

1 

2.45 

1.96 

1.73 

1.79 

1.86 
1.71 
1.79 
1.52 
1.60 

1.38 
2.16 
1.96 
2.25 
1.83 

2.27 
1.62 
2.48 
1.48 
1.89 
2.35 

2.93 

2.09 
2.18 
2.58 
2.52 
3.86 



1937 



Tons 
1.30 
2.00 
2.00 
2.30 
2.30 
2. 

2.00 
2.40 
2.10 
1.95 

1.75 

1 

1.70 

1.75 

2.10 

1.95 
1 

1.20 
.95 
1.10 

1.15 
2.40 
2.15 
2.10 
1.75 

1.60 
1.65 
2.10 
1.65 
1.85 

1.30 

2.40 
2.05 
2.10 
1.65 

2.20 
1.60 
2.50 
1.55 
1.95 
2.40 

3.00 
2.35 
2.35 
2.55 
2.45 
4.40 



1938 



Tons 
1.50 
1.95 
2.20 
2.40 
2.40 

3.10 

1.95 
2.25 
2.00 
2.05 

1.85 
2.30 
1.65 
2.30 
2.15 

2.20 
2.20 
1.15 
1.05 
1.45 

1.75 
2.20 
2.10 
1.90 
1.95 

2.00 

1.60 

1. 

1.90 

1.90 

1.50 
2.20 
1.75 
1.70 
1.90 

2.25 
1.75 
2.55 
1.55 
2.10 
2.40 

2.80 
2.20 
2.25 
2.50 
2.60 
4.30 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1,000 

tons 
10 
6 
21 
12 
»2 

29 
462 

77 
251 
529 

420 

617 

1,148 

1,011 

1,300 

1,234 
340 
256 
675 

1,307 

14 
55 
82 
24 

11 
4 
8 
176 
47 

5 
70 

113 
34 

397 

138 
1,138 
1,888 

557 
1,390 

215 

441 
1,041 
306 
584 
641 
2,975 



1937 



1.97 190 2.14| 23,948 



tons 



28 
18 
2 

44 
628 
110 
439 
916 

789 

670 

1,875 

1,720 

2,526 

1,843 

360 

163 

367 

1,142 

697 
14 
73 

126 
42 

13 

3 

13 

238 

92 

5 

180 

137 

42 

404 

174 

901 
1, 952 

592 
1,240 

209 

417 
1,107 
322 
643 
627 
3,027 



1938 



26, 944 



1,000 
tons 



28 
19 
2 

50 
587 
110 
430 
953 

801 

932 

1,729 

2,758 

2,715 

1,980 
334 
140 
316 

1,144 

690 
13 
71 

116 
49 

16 

3 

11 

304 

127 

6 

152 

135 

36 

456 

205 
1,083 
1,992 

569 
1,388 

218 

406 

983 
308 
700 
673 
3,105 



28,858 



Excludes sweetclover and lespedeza hay. 



1 Short-time average. 





Sweetclover Hay 


Lespedeza Hay • 


State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 




Aver- 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Ohio . 


1,000 

acres 
29 
22 
25 
54 
42 

153 
61 
18 

232 
53 

47 
15 


1,000 

acres 

20 

18 

17 

25 

40 

241 

50 

11 

125 

28 

10 

4 


1,000 
acres 
19 
15 
16 
40 
58 

234 
66 
13 

250 
39 

15 
6 


Tons 
1.07 
1.08 
1.24 
1.12 
1.54 

1.20 
1.10 
1.06 

1.14 
.92 

.95 
1.05 


Tons 
1.10 
1.15 
1.25 
1.20 
1.40 

1.30 
1.15 
1.10 
1.15 

.85 

.80 
.80 


Tons 
1.25 
1.20 
1.35 
1.30 
1.65 

1.30 
1.20 
1.05 
1.15 
1.00 

.90 
1.10 


1,000 

tons 
31 
25 
32 
60 
60 

178 
67 
20 

266 
50 
46 
17 


1,000 

tons 
22 
21 
21 
30 
56 

313 
58 
12 

144 

24 

8 
3 


1,000 

tons 
24 
18 
22 
52 
96 

304 
79 
14 

288 
39 

14 

7 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


Tons 


Tons 


Tons 


1,000 
tons 


1,000 
tons 


1,000 
tons 


Indiana 




75 
150 


90 

108 




0.95 
1.00 


1.15 

1.15 




71 

150 


104 


Illinois 




124 




































































Missouri 




140 


204 




1.00 


1.10 




140 


224 


North Dakota . 






South Dakota 




















Nebraska 




















Kansas 




















Virginia 


2 50 
2 90 


127 
138 
13 

16 
460 

775 
30 
112 

113 
36 


144 

145 
15 

20 
475 
875 

30 
132 

153 
37 


2.90 
2.93 

1.07 
.97 
.82 

1.11 
.94 

1.16 


1.15 
.90 
.80 

.80 
1.10 
1.00 

.80 
1.15 
1.10 
1.10 


.95 
1.00 
.60 

.90 
1.30 
1.15 

.85 
1.25 

.95 
1.00 


244 
283 


146 
124 

10 

13 
506 
775 

24 
129 
124 

40 


137 


North Carolina 




















145 


South Carolina 




















9 


Georgia 
























18 


Kentucky 




















228 

400 

17 

82 

35 
29 


239 

373 

14 

91 

32 

33 


618 


Tennessee 




















1,006 


Alabama 




















26 


Mississippi 




















165 


Arkansas 




















145 


Louisiana 




















37 




53 

11 
14 


30 

8 
21 


54 
12 

21 


.91 

1.24 
1.10 


.95 
1.25 
1.30 


1.15 

1.10 
1.20 


49 
14 
16 


28 
10 
27 


62 
13 

25 
























Colorado 






































United States 


s:si 


648 


858 


1. 13 


1.20 


1.23 


939 


777 


1. (157 


928 


2 185 


2.428 


1.01 


1 03 


1. 14 


900 


2.252 


2,758 



• Additional quantities produced in other States but data insufficient for preparing estimates. 



1 Short-time average. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



271 



Statistics of Important Crops, by 


States 


, 1937 and 1938, With 


Comparisons— 


-Continued 










Grains Cut Green 


'or Hay 






Miscellaneous Tame Hay 


State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Aver- 
age. 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age. 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age. 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age. 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 




1,000 
acres 
5 
7 
26 
7 
1 

8 
45 

8 
15 
38 

51 
46 
30 
131 
156 

113 
164 
552 
257 
136 

58 

1 

5 

32 

22 

55 
18 
25 


1,000 
acres 
6 
7 
32 
9 
2 

11 
46 
10 
20 
35 

50 
88 
27 
182 
66 

130 
162 
490 
409 
156 

115 

1 

4 

32 

26 

53 
28 

42 


1,000 

acres 

6 

8 

32 

10 

2 

11 
44 
9 
16 
23 

25 
34 
16 
95 
43 

65 
138 
368 
202 

81 

63 
1 
4 
26 
22 

58 
28 
37 


Tons 
1.98 
1.92 
1.83 
2.08 
1.76 

1.76 
1.63 
1.56 
1.20 
.80 

.77 
.74 
.93 
1.09 
.83 

.99 
.68 
.84 
.68 
.79 

.94 
1.28 
1.44 

.85 

.77 

.98 
.75 
.73 


Tons 
1.85 
1.90 
1.75 
2.05 
1.75 

1.65 
1.65 
1.80 
1.25 

1.00 

.85 
.95 
.85 
1.00 
.95 

1.15 
.80 
.85 
.65 
.65 
.75 
1.60 
1.70 
.90 
.85 

1.05 
.80 
.65 


Tons 
2.00 
1.90 
1.75 
2.20 
1.75 

1.85 
1.75 
1.80 
1.45 
1.00 

.90 

.85 

.85 

1.30 

1.05 

1.15 

.70 

1.00 

.75 

.95 

.95 

1.80 

1.75 

.85 

.85 

1.10 
.80 
.90 


1,000 

tons 
10 
13 
47 
15 
3 

14 
73 
12 
17 
30 

38 
29 
26 
120 
105 

92 
102 
407 
144 

80 

46 

1 

7 

27 

16 

54 
13 
18 


1,000 

tons 
11 
13 
56 
18 
4 

18 
76 
18 
25 
35 

42 
84 
23 
182 
63 

150 
130 
416 
266 
101 

86 

2 

7 

29 

22 

56 
22 
27 


1,000 

tons 
12 
15 
56 
22 
4 

20 
77 
16 
23 
23 

22 

29 

14 

124 

45 

75 

97 

368 

152 

77 

60 
2 
7 
22 
19 

64 
22 
33 


1,000 
acres 
398 
153 
188 
98 
16 

122 
504 

16 
104 

35 

52 
303 
110 
138 

445 

86 
194 
163 

67 
169 

143 

2 

11 

94 

141 

107 
33 
84 
22 

281 

311 
128 
115 
149 
54 

115 
272 
105 
25 
147 

152 
16 

7 
18 

26 
90 
158 
138 


1,000 
acres 
498 
163 
198 
88 
16 

129 
514 
22 
95 

48 

8 
268 
145 
153 
532 

98 
220 
228 
240 
190 

165 

3 

15 

103 

166 

85 
25 
90 
22 
176 

211 
140 
145 
130 
71 

150 
360 

91 

29 
227 

125 
19 
7 
19 

21 

160 
135 
136 


1,000 
acres 
508 
163 
198 
92 
18 

125 
500 
19 
83 
42 

10 
276 
125 
130 

585 

98 
184 
290 
288 
266 

239 
3 

13 
82 

173 

76 
24 
94 
23 
158 

169 
120 
155 
122 
75 

195 
432 
136 
35 
238 

138 
20 
12 
20 

22 
168 
162 
143 


Tons 

0.71 

.78 

.86 

.91 

.98 

1.04 

.87 

1.27 

.94 

.88 

.83 

.60 

.80 

1.13 

1.06 

1.14 
.76 

1.02 
.84 

1.32 

1.27 
1.18 
.99 
.82 
.82 

.94 
.66 
.83 
.83 
.74 

.76 

.91 

1.11 

1.00 

1.23 

.99 
1.10 
.99 

1.20 
.95 

.97 
1.26 
1.68 
1.32 

1.12 
1.54 
1.69 
1.48 


Tons 
0.72 
.85 
.85 
.95 
1.00 

1.18 
1.00 
1.45 
1.05 

1.05 

.95 

.75 

.90 

1.15 

1.25 

1.20 
1.00 
1.20 
1.15 
1.30 

1.15 
1.30 
1.25 
1.00 
.90 

.95 
.60 
.90 
.80 
.90 

.85 
1.10 
1.30 
1.20 
1.32 

1.03 
1.05 
1.00 
1.10 
.85 

.90 

1.40 
2.00 
1.50 

1.15 
1.45 
1.60 
1.45 


Tons 
0.80 
.86 
.86 
.98 
.98 

1.15 
1.00 
1.50 
.95 
1.10 

1.15 

.80 

1.10 

1.35 

1.25 

1.35 
.90 
1.20 
1.20 
1.70 

1.45 

1.20 

1.20 

.95 

.95 

.95 
.60 
.80 
.80 
.95 

.90 
1.00 
1.10 
1.00 
1.10 
1.15 
1.10 
1.25 
1.05 

.80 

1.05 
1.10 
2.00 
1.40 

1.20 
1.35 
1.55 
1.50 


1,000 
tons 
280 
119 
163 
90 
15 

127 
440 
20 
98 
30 

43 
181 

87 
152 
463 

98 
149 
179 

58 
223 

185 
2 
11 
78 

117 

100 
22 
70 
18 

212 

236 
118 
127 
150 
66 

115 
296 
103 
30 
140 

147 
21 
11 
24 

29 
137 

267 
205 


1,000 
tons 
359 
139 
168 
84 
16 

152 
514 

32 
100 

50 

8 
201 
130 
176 

665 

118 
220 
274 
276 
247 

190 
4 

19 
103 
149 

81 
15 
81 
18 
158 

179 
154 
188 
156 
94 

154 
378 
91 
32 
193 

112 
27 
14 
28 

24 
232 
216 
197 


1,000 
tons 
406 


New Hampshire 


140 
170 


Massachusetts 


90 


Rhode Island 


18 


Connecticut 


144 


New York .. 


500 


New Jersey - 


28 




79 


Ohio - 


46 


Indiana.. - 


12 


Illinois . . .. 


221 




138 




176 




731 


Iowa . 


132 


Missouri 


166 


North Dakota 


348 




346 


Nebraska . .. 


452 


Kansas .." 

Delaware 


347 
4 


Maryland 


16 


Virginia 


78 


West Virginia.. 


164 


North Carolina.. 


72 


South Carolina 


14 


Georgia 


75 


Florida... 


18 


Kentucky 


67 

63 
15 
4 
69 
'2 

57 
86 
394 
101 
82 

124 
19 
36 

7 

4 

393 
364 

728 


47 

60 
15 

6 
85 

3 

89 
101 
295 
95 
68 

110 

17 

34 

6 

4 
307 
315 
600 


47 

54 
15 

6 
68 

3 

78 
111 
221 
93 
78 

112 
19 
42 

7 

4 
292 
302 
606 


.77 

.70 
.78 
.92 
.70 
1 .89 

.82 
.89 
.62 
1.20 
.75 

.92 
1.21 
1.46 
1.15 

1.12 
1.34 
1.38 
1.36 


1.00 

.70 
.80 
.95 
.75 
.80 

.75 
.70 
.55 
1.20 
.95 

.85 
1.20 
1.60 
1.10 

1.25 
1.40 
1.35 
1.40 


.95 

.80 
.85 
.95 
.75 
.95 

1.00 
.90 
1.10 
1.30 
.70 

1.15 
1.10 
1.50 
1.05 

1.00 
1.30 
1.25 

1.60 


50 

44 
12 
4 
48 
1 1 

44 
77 
219 
120 
59 

113 
23 
53 

8 

5 
520 
497 

985 


47 

42 

12 

6 

64 

2 

67 
71 
162 
114 
65 

94 

20 

54 

7 

5 
430 
425 
840 


45 

43 
13 
6 

51 
3 

78 
100 
243 
121 

55 

129 
21 
63 

7 

4 
380 
378 
970 


150 


Tennessee 


152 


Alabama 


120 




170 




122 


Louisiana.. 


82 


Oklahoma 


224 


Texas 


475 




170 


Idaho 


37 


Wyoming 


190 


Colorado 


145 


New Mexico 


22 


Arizona.. 


24 


Utah 


28 


Nevada .. 


26 


Washington . 


227 


Oregon 


251 


California 


214 


United States 


4,625 4,496 


3,625 


1.00 


1.00 


1.16 


4,438 j 


4,509 


4,210 


6,307 


8, 879 


7,247 


.96 


1.05 


1.10 


6,050 


7,216 


7,960 



1 Short- time average. 

Sweet Sorghums for Forage and Hay ' 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Av- 
er- 
age. 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Iowa 


1,000 

acres 

30 

67 


1,000 

acres 

48 

130 

30 

211 

331 

761 
3 
24 
23 
67 

50 
64 
42 
39 
58 

8 
295 
570 
211 
43 


1,000 
acres 
108 
140 
54 
446 
536 

1,103 
3 

20 
23 
72 

40 
45 
41 
43 
51 

8 

472 

1,351 

285 

45 


Tons 
3 00 
1.72 

1.35 
1.62 

1.86 
1.56 
1.66 
1 68 
1.24 

2.26 
1.99 
1.44 
1.74 
1.51 

1.82 
1.25 
1.23 

.98 
.96 


Tons 
3.70 
2.40 
1.50 
1.20 
1.40 

1.70 
1.60 
2.00 
1 90 
1.30 

3.00 
1.95 
1.60 
1.65 
1.70 

1.80 
1.25 
1.10 

.70 
.80 


Tons 
3.70 
2.10 
2.00 
1.20 
2.30 

2.00 
1.50 
1.70 
1.90 
1.15 

3.10 
2.20 
1.40 
1.90 
1.50 

1.65 
1.35 
1.25 
1.00 
.90 


1,000 

tons 

75 

108 

120 
326 

1,214 

6 

32 

32 

49 

100 
111 
51 
51 
100 

16 
389 
655 
109 

38 


1,000 
tons 
178 
312 
45 
253 
463 

1,294 

5 

48 

44 

87 

150 
125 
67 
64 
99 

14 
369 
627 
148 

34 


1,000 
tons 
400 


Missouri. 

North Dakota.. . 


294 
108 


South Dakota 

Nebraska 


117 

215 

663 
4 
21 
21 
40 

45 

57 
36 
30 
62 

9 
307 
546 
115 

39 


535 
1,233 


Kansas 


2,206 


Virginia . 


4 


North Carolina... 
South Carolina... 
Oeorgia 


34 
44 
83 


Kentucky... 

Tennessee 

Alabama 


124 
99 
57 


Mississippi 

Arkansas 


82 
76 


Louisiana 

Oklahoma.. 

Texas 


13 

637 

1,692 


Colorado 


285 


New Mexico 


40 


United States . . 


2.424 


3.008 


4,889 


1.53 


1.47 


1.65 


3,582 


4,426 


8,046 



1 Not included in "all tame hay." 



Buckwheat 





Acreage harvestod 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Maine 


1,000 

acres 

12 

2 

156 

1 

157 

24 
16 
7 
25 
18 

43 

7 

1 

12 

10 

1 

6 
14 
21 
4 
2 
2 


1,000 

acres 

11 

2 

144 

1 

130 

18 
11 
3 
15 
15 

15 
6 
1 
6 
5 
1 

5 
14 
17 
4 
2 
2 


1,000 

acres 

10 

2 

161 

1 

140 

14 
14 
3 
18 
12 

15 
3 
1 
9 
6 
1 

6 
13 

16 
4 
2 

2 


Bush- 
els 
18.3 
21.6 
17.3 
19.9 
18.0 

17.2 
13.9 
14.5 
11.5 
11.4 

9.1 
12.4 
10.4 
6.8 
8.0 
11.2 

19.2 
12.9 
17.5 
14.2 

9.6 
12.4 


Bush- 
els 
15.0 
18.0 
17.0 
21.0 
17.5 

15.5 
13.0 
14 
13.5 
10.0 

10.5 
11.0 
10.0 
11.0 
7.0 
13.0 

19.5 
13.5 
17.5 
13.0 
11.0 
13.5 


Bush- 
els 
13.0 
17.0 
15.5 
17.0 
15.5 

15.0 
14.0 
16.5 
13 5 
12.5 

11.5 
15.0 
9.5 
7.0 
7.0 
10.0 

20.0 
12.5 
16.0 
13.0 
13.5 
13.5 


1,000 
bush- 
els 
216 
43 
2,670 
22 
2,813 

407 
222 
110 
292 
203 

429 

92 

10 

121 

110 

11 

121 

182 
380 
62 
21 
25 


1,000 
bush- 
els 
165 
36 
2,448 
21 
2,275 

248 
143 
42 
202 
150 

158 
66 
10 
66 
35 
13 

98 
189 
298 
52 
22 
27 


1,000 
bush- 
els 
130 


Vermont.. 


34 


New York 


2,496 


New Jersey 


17 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio 


2,170 
210 


Indiana 


196 


Illinois . . 


60 


Michigan 


243 


Wisconsin 

Minnesota 


150 

172 




45 


Missouri... 


10 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 


63 
42 
10 


Maryland 


120 




162 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 


256 
52 

27 
27 


United States.. 


542 


426 


453 


15.9 


15.9 


14.8 


8, 569 


6,764 


6,682 



272 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Important Crop 


s, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 








Soybeans for Beans 


Soybeans for Hay 


Soybear 
Grazed 
Plowed Ui 


IS 

>r 


State 


Acreage harvested ' 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


ider 




Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


New York 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 

1 


1,000 

acres 

2 


Bu. 


Bu. 
17.0 


Bu. 
17.0 


1,000 
bu. 


1,000 
bu. 
17 


1,000 

bu. 

34 


1,000 

acres 

4 

4 

17 

112 

282 

496 

15 
83 
225 
287 

'4 
26 
11 
27 
86 

36 
140 
20 
48 
89 
148 

128 
158 
90 
60 
10 


1,000 

acres 

4 

7 

32 

190 

365 

723 
28 
204 
510 
144 

4 

22 
11 

24 
80 

39 
170 
19 
66 
66 
128 

196 
229 
144 
58 
9 
8 


1,000 

acres 

4 

10 

37 

156 

265 

613 

27 

166 

618 

215 

7 
33 
13 
24 

81 

42 
198 
24 
85 
81 
131 

231 
330 
159 

72 
8 

12 


Tons 
1.60 
1.37 
1.48 
1.29 
1.27 

1.28 
1.18 
1.41 
1.37 

1.02 

11.07 
1.08 
1.26 
1.35 
1.09 

1.28 
.94 
.80 
.86 

1.18 
.96 

.88 
1.20 

.96 
1.20 

.83 


Tons 
1.80 
1.50 
1.60 
1.40 
1.50 

1.60 
1.50 
1.35 
1.40 
1.30 

1.00 
1.05 
1.30 
1.40 
1.20 

1.44 
1.05 
.85 
.88 
1.40 
1.10 

.95 
1.15 
1.15 
1.15 
.80 
.70 


Tons 
1.60 
1.60 
1.70 
1.50 
1.65 
1.65 
1.70 
1.90 
1.50 
1.35 

1.15 
1.20 
1.30 
1.45 
1.20 

1.50 
1.05 
.80 
.90 
1.50 
1.10 

1.05 
1.25 
1.10 
1.15 
1.05 
.60 


1,000 

tons 

6 

5 

25 

144 

359 

640 
18 
117 
295 
291 

"5 
26 
14 
36 
95 

46 
133 
16 
41 
105 
142 

113 
188 
85 
73 
8 


1,000 

tons 

7 

11 

51 

266 

548 

1,157 
42 

275 
714 
187 

4 
23 
14 
34 
96 

56 
178 
16 
58 
92 
141 

186 

263 

166 

67 

7 

6 


1,000 

tons 

6 

16 

63 

234 

411 

1,011 
46 
315 
927 
290 

'8 
40 
17 
35 
97 
63 
208 
19 
76 
122 
144 

243 

412 

175 

83 

8 

7 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


New Jersey 














6 
171 
341 

1,352 

16 

3 

229 

54 


6 
253 
431 

1,356 
35 

7 
294 
58 


16.4 
15.2 

17.0 
11.7 
11.4 
15.3 

7.8 


16.0 
19.0 
17.0 

20.0 
14.0 
13.0 
18.5 
9.5 


17.5 
21.0 
19.5 

23.5 
16.0 
16.0 
19.5 
10.5 


879 
2,671 

9,214 

82 

24 

1,679 

756 


96 

3,249 
5,797 

27, 040 

224 

39 

4,236 

513 


105 
5,313 
8,404 

31, 866 

560 

112 

5,733 

609 


a 1 
8 
53 


4 
19 
106 

108 


6 


Ohio 


51 

171 

532 
7 
2 

111 
97 


36 




132 


Illinois 


149 


Michigan 


15 


Wisconsin 


J 20 
25 


23 
23 
16 


16 




38 




47 






Kansas 


7 

16 
5 

20 
2 

96 
8 
8 
8 

18 

10 
26 
15 
16 
4 


4 
22 

7 
24 

1 

120 
9 
12 

8 
30 

18 
47 
63 
16 
3 
2 


6 
25 
10 
21 

1 

155 
14 
13 
14 
32 

18 
56 
64 
21 
3 
3 


8.0 
13.5 
12.2 

12.2 

11.7 
12.6 
6.7 
5.8 
9.8 
7.4 

5.7 
8.5 
8.9 
7.9 
9.0 


8.0 
16.0 
14.5 
13.5 

12.5 
13.0 
6.0 
6.2 
11.5 
7.5 

7.0 
8.5 
10.0 
8.5 
9.5 
7.0 


10.5 
16.0 
15.0 
12.5 

12.0 
13.0 
6.5 
6.0 
12.0 
8.0 

5.5 
8.5 
10.0 
8.5 
8.5 
5.0 


56 
209 

64 
243 

21 
1,211 
53 
49 
82 
134 

54 
208 
122 
130 

41 


32 
352 
102 
324 

12 
1,560 
54 
74 
92 
225 

126 
400 
530 
136 
28 
14 


63 
400 
150 
262 

12 
2,015 
91 
78 
168 
256 

99 

476 

640 

178 

26 

15 










3 
16 


2 

5 

22 


3 




6 




24 


West "Virginia.. 






74 
14 
12 
19 
37 

20 
44 
25 
43 
2 


127 
15 
23 
32 

75 

28 
155 
69 
91 
8 
25 


162 




27 


Georgia 


22 




41 




100 




36 


Mississippi 


174 




83 




102 


Oklahoma 


3 




27 








United States 


1,231 


2,549 


2,898 


14.2 


17.8 


19.9 


18, 000 


45, 272 


57, 665 


2,607 


3,480 


3,642 


1.16 


1.34 


1.39 


3,025 


4,665 


5,076 


431 


976 


1,249 


State 




( 


Jowpe 


as fo 


r Pea 


S 


Cowpeas for Hay 


Cowpeas 

Grazed or 

Plowed Under 






















l 

2 1 

3 
29 

145 

78 
4 
2 
6 

74 

2 
133 

347 

179 

14 

58 
164 
66 
97 

193 
62 
32 
72 


2 
1 
2 

14 

74 

39 
5 
1 
8 

86 

2 

220 

505 

255 

11 

47 
175 
153 
180 
230 
58 
44 
108 


2 
1 
3 
8 
51 

48 

5 

1 

7 

58 

2 

183 

445 

260 

13 

34 
126 

95 
152 

267 
70 
31 

100 


1.31 
»1.50 
1.17 
1.10 
.94 

.98 
1.04 
1.14 
1.30 

.97 

1.23 
.76 
.70 
.67 
.68 

1.10 
.87 

.77 
.98 

.90 
1.08 
.80 
.65 


1.50 
1.40 
1.30 
1.35 
1.05 

1.10 
1.05 
1.05 
1.30 
1.15 

1.44 

.85 
.85 
.69 
.65 

1.15 
.90 
.85 

1.05 

1.05 

1.10 

80 

.60 


1.40 
1.55 
1.20 
1.40 
1.10 

1.15 
1.25 
1.00 
1.35 
1.05 

1.50 
.90 
.80 
.70 
.75 

1.30 
.95 
.80 

1.00 

1.00 
1.10 
.95 
.65 


1 
'2 

3 
33 

139 

78 

4 

2 

9 

73 

2 

101 

246 

120 

10 

66 
142 
50 
95 

172 
64 
25 
46 


3 

1 

3 

19 

78 

43 

5 

1 

10 

99 

3 

187 

429 

176 

7 

54 
158 
130 
189 

242 
64 
35 
65 


3 
2 
4 
11 
56 

65 
6 
1 
9 

61 

3 
165 
356 
182 
10 
44 
120 
76 
152 

267 
77 
29 
65 


































Ohio 




























9 

58 

15 
1 
1 
1 

10 


4 
46 

12 
1 
1 
1 

11 


8 
87 

8 
1 
1 
1 

7 


8.5 

7.8 

7.0 
6.5 
11.2 
7.5 
8.9 


9.0 
8.0 
4.5 
7.5 
12.0 
10.0 
10.5 


10.0 
8.5 

8.3 
9.0 
13.0 
9.0 
9.0 


79 
455 

110 

7 

16 

9 

88 


36 
368 

54 

8 

12 

10 

116 


80 

740 

66 
9 

13 
9 

63 


4 
6 


2 
5 
9 


3 




7 




14 
















15 


2 

19 


2 




15 








43 

153 

134 

9 

8 
31 
122 
88 

71 
33 
24 
110 


66 
227 
169 

10 

8 

35 

294 

151 

115 
58 
31 

178 


63 
215 
163 

11 

6 
29 
224 
167 

108 
66 
28 

169 


7.9 

5.9 
6.0 
8.7 

8.7 
5.4 
5.9 
5.8 

7.1 
8.2 
6.8 
7.4 


7.5 
6.5 
6.0 
9.5 

8.5 
5.5 
6.0 
6.0 

7.0 
6.8 
6.5 
6.5 


7.0 
5.0 
5.5 
8.0 

8.0 
5.5 
5.5 
6.0 

7.5 
7.0 
6.5 
6.5 


338 

905 

802 

80 

71 
166 
706 
505 

498 
262 
167 
805 


495 

1,248 

1,014 

95 

68 

192 

1,764 

906 

805 

394 

202 

1,157 


441 

1,075 

896 

88 

48 

160 

1,232 

1,002 

810 

462 

182 

1,098 


36 
46 
80 
14 

9 
17 
40 
41 

91 
45 
29 

128 


72 
109 
243 

18 

23 
40 
140 

142 

229 
117 
71 
539 


70 


South Carolina 


107 




182 


Florida 


14 


Kentucky 


18 


Tennessee 


39 


Alabama 


95 




157 




193 




107 




66 


Texas 


579 






United States 


921 


1,418 


1,362 


6.6 


6.3 


6.2 


6,069 


8,944 


8,474 


1,761 


2,220 


1,962 


.84 


90 


.89 


1,484 


2,001 


1,754 


602 


1,780 


1,668 



Equivalent solid acreage. (Acreage grown alone, with an allowance for acreage grown with other crops.) 



Short-time average. 



Cowpea Acreage for All Purposes 





Grown alone 


Interplanted 


Equivalent solid ' 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


New Jersey 


1,000 

acres 

1 

>1 

3 

43 

204 

99 
5 
3 
8 

92 

2 

144 

266 

212 

24 


1,000 

acres 

2 

1 

2 

20 

125 

60 

6 

2 

11 

106 

2 

210 

420 

346 

26 


1,000 

acres 

2 

1 

3 

19 

145 

70 
6 
2 
10 
74 

2 
178 
357 
284 
25 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 

1 

»1 

3 

43 

204 

99 
5 
3 
8 

99 

2 
212 
546 
393 
37 


1,000 

acres 

2 

1 

2 

20 

125 

60 
6 
2 
11 
116 

2 

358 

841 

667 

39 


1,000 

acres 

2 


Pennsylvania 








1 


Ohio 








3 


Indiana 








19 


Illinois 








145 


Missouri 








70 










6 


Delaware... 








2 


Maryland 








10 


Virginia 


14 


2C 


12 


80 


West Virginia 


2 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


135 

559 

361 

21 


295 

842 

642 

21 


275 

820 

642 

22 


316 
767 
605 


Florida 


38 





Grown alone 


Interplanted 


Equivalent solid ' 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Kentucky 


1,000 

acr<.s 

73 

195 

140 

124 

249 
54 
63 

216 


1,000 

acres 

75 

215 

255 

235 

409 
101 
126 
639 


1,000 

acres 

56 

159 

176 

223 

380 
107 

107 
671 


1,000 

acres 

6 

32 

175 

178 

211 
171 
42 
202 


1,000 

acres 

6 

70 

665 

477 

330 
265 
40 
373 


1,000 

acres 

5 

70 

475 

507 

375 

273 

36 

353 


1,000 

acres 

76 

211 

228 

226 

355 
139 
84 
310 


1,000 

acres 

78 

250 

587 

473 

574 
233 
146 
825 


1,000 

acres 

58 


Tennessee 


194 


Alabama 


414 


Mississippi 


476 


Arkansas 


568 




243 


Oklahoma... 


125 




848 






United States. 


2,223 


3,394 


3.057 


2,106 


1.016 


3,865 


3,284 


5,418 


4,992 



1 Acres grown alone plus approximately one-half the interplanted acres. 

2 Short-time average. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



273 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With. Comparisons — Continued 



Soybean Acreage for All Purposes 





Grown alone 


Interplanted 


Equivalent solid ' 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


New York 


1,000 

acres 

4 

4 

19 

171 

506 

1,037 

22 

87 

350 

408 

»4 
33 
26 
35 
107 

37 

205 

18 

52 

111 

163 

146 
140 
94 
32 
15 


1,000 

acres 

5 

7 

42 

380 

812 

2,183 

44 

230 

762 

214 

4 
26 
35 
36 
104 

40 
225 
15 
66 
100 
151 

218 
206 
174 
44 
16 
32 


1,000 

acres 

6 

10 

49 

445 

828 

2,118 

77 

189 

950 

320 

7 
39 
41 
40 
102 

43 
300 
25 
89 
130 
181 

255 

310 

200 

53 

13 

38 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 
acres 


1,000 

acres 

4 

4 

19 

171 

506 

1,037 

22 

87 

350 

408 

24 

33 
26 
35 
122 

37 
311 
42 
68 
116 
203 

158 
227 
129 
120 
16 


1,000 

acres 

5 

7 

42 

380 

812 

2,183 

44 

230 

762 

214 

4 
26 
35 
36 
126 

40 
417 

43 
101 
106 
233 

242 
431 
266 
165 
20 
35 


1,000 

acres 

6 


New Jersey .. . 








10 


Pennsylvania _ . 








49 


Ohio... 








445 


Indiana 








828 


Illinois.. ... 








2. 118 


Michigan 








77 


Wisconsin 








189 


Iowa 








950 


Missouri 








320 


Nebraska. 








7 


Kansas. __ 








39 


Delaware 








41 


M3r viand 








40 


Virginia.. . 


31 


44 


48 


126 


West Virginia. 


43 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


212 
48 
33 
11 
81 
24 

153 
70 

176 
2 


385 
56 
70 
12 

165 

48 

450 

185 

242 

8 

6 


430 
80 
62 
12 

165 

60 
500 
211 
285 
2 
7 


515 
65 
120 


Kentucky 


136 


Tennessee 


263 


Alabama 


285 


Mississippi. 


560 


Arkansas 


306 


Louisiana 


195 


Oklahoma 


14 


Texas 


42 








United States.. 


3,834 


6,171 


6,858 


847 


1,671 


1,862 


4,268 


7,005 


7,789 



• Acres grown alone plus approximately one-half the interplanted acres. 
! Short-time average. 

Production ' of Dry Edible Beans by Commercial Classes, 1937-38 



State and year 


03 3 

S" 


J3 

O 

CD 

o 


1 

s° 


>, 

a 
•a 

M 

CD 


>> 

a 

S 
•a 


■a 

'ol 

a 


u 

JO 

a 

as 

o 


M 

a 

s 


is 
o 


o 


•a 
a 

03 

■a 

® % 

a 

O 


'3 
o 


Maine: 

1937 


1,000 

bags 

2 

3 

3 
3 

468 
542 

3.878 
4,024 

14 

7 

12 

14 


1,000 
bags 


1,000 

bags 

1 

1 


1.000 

bags 

1 

3 

1 
1 

102 
61 


1.000 

bags 

14 

19 


1,000 
bags 


1,000 
bags 


1.000 
bags 


1.000 

bags 

51 

57 

13 

10 

85 
88 


1,000 
bags 


1,000 
bags 

11 
18 

3 

5 

28 
42 

87 
102 

1 
1 


7,000 

bags 

80 


1933 








101 


Vermont: 

1937 








20 


1938 














19 


New York: 
1937 




128 
151 


453 
565 

225 
242 








1.264 


1933 








1,449 


Michigan: 

1937 




143 
199 




4,333 


1933 














4,567 


Wisconsin: 
1937 














15 


1938 




















8 


Minnesota: 
1937. _ 




















12 


1933 






















14 


Nebraska: 

1937 


222 
179 

194 
152 

1,316 
991 

414 
334 

16 
15 
















8 
10 


1 
1 

56 
62 

213 
256 

112 

70 

78 
75 

14 
11 

4 

7 


231 


1933 


















190 


Montana: 

1937 








2 
2 










252 


1938 


















216 


Idaho: 

1937 


80 
71 






227 

248 










1,836 


1933 
















1,566 


Wyoming: 

1937 














123 

66 

687 

1,408 

667 
520 

39 
57 


64S 


1933 


















470 


Colorado: 

1937 


















781 


1933 


















1,498 


New Mexico: 
1937 


















681 


1933 




















531 


Arizona: 

1937 
















2 




45 


1938 _ 
















64 


Oregon: 

1937 


14 

12 


















14 


1933 






















12 


California: 

1937 








99 
95 

793 
923 


39 
55 

266 
303 


57 
75 

200 
274 


452 
637 

454 
637 


149 

155 


160 
283 

1,684 
2, 344 


110 

95 

718 

745 


5 369 


1938 










4 563 


United States: 

1937 

1938 


4,471 

4. 676 


2,162 
1.671 


129 
152 


104 

65 


15, 582 
15,268 



1 In bags of 100 pounds. 
115651—39 3 



2 Includes Dark Red Kidney for Michigan. 



Production : of Special Classes of California Beans 

(Included in totals for California and the United States) 



Year 


Cali- 
fornia 
Small 
White 


Cali- 
fornia 
Large 
White 


Bayo 


Black- 
eye 


Standard 
Lima 


Baby 
Lima 


1937 


1,000 bags 

1, 024 

540 


1,000 bags 
3 
1 


1,000 bags 
7 
11 


1,000 bags 
857 
512 


1,000 bags 
1,419 
1,395 


/ ,000 bags 
1 142 


1938... 


864 



1 In bags of 100 pounds. 



Beans, Dry, Edible 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Productijn 


State 


Aver- 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Maine 


1,000 

acres 

8 

3 

124 

577 

6 

6 

11 

29 

117 

31 

336 
154 
8 
32 
312 


1,000 

acres 

9 

3 

158 

461 

4 

3 

22 
21 
135 
59 

244 

184 

9 

2 

386 


1,000 

acres 

11 

3 

161 

466 

2 

3 

19 

16 
108 

48 
312 
166 

11 

2 

343 


Lb. 
838 
609 
736 
653 
400 

347 

631 

1,043 

1,214 

1,021 

316 
335 

466 
'584 
1,114 


Lb. 

S90 
650 
800 
940 
370 

400 
1,050 
1,200 
1,360 
1,100 

323 
370 
500 
700 
1,391 


Lb. 
920 
630 
900 
980 
420 

450 
1,000 
1.350 
1.450 

980 

480 
320 
580 
600 
1,330 


1.000 

bags 2 

63 

20 

907 

3,734 

24 

20 

70 

295 

1,404 

325 

1,107 

530 

38 

3 10 

3,479 


1,000 

bags 2 

80 

20 

1.264 

4,333 

15 

12 

231 

252 

1,836 

649 

781 

681 

45 

14 

5,369 


1,000 

bags 2 

101 


Vermont 

New York 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Nebraska 

Montana .. 
Idaho 


19 

1,449 

4,567 

8 

14 

190 

216 

1, 566 


Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico- 
Arizona. 

Oregon 

California 


470 

1,498 

531 

64 

12 

4,563 


United States . 


1,731 


1,700 


1,671 


699.3 


916.6 


913.7 


12,053 


15,582 


15, 268 



1 Includes beans grown for seed. 



Bags of 100 pounds. 3 Short-time average. 
Eice 



Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Texas 

California 

United States 



1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Bush- 


Bush- 


Bush- 


1,000 


1,000 


acies 


acres 


acres 


els 


els 


els 


bushels 


bushels 


161 


189 


189 


49.0 


56.0 


50.0 


7,889 


10, 584 


454 


517 


494 


39.8 


40.0 


42.0 


18.011 


20, 680 


172 


250 


255 


50.5 


52.0 


51 


8,710 


13, 000 


119 


132 


130 


66.4 


69.0 


70.0 


7.812 


9. 108 


906 


1,088 


1.068 


46.9 


49. I 


49 


42, 452 


53. 372 



1,000 
bushels 

9,450 
20, 748 
13,005 

9. 100 



52, 303 



Peas, Dry, Field 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-36 


1937 


1938 


Michigan.. 


1,000 
acres 
19 
22 
25 
77 
41 
2 86 


1,000 

acres 

11 

5 

18 

63 

26 

129 

1 


1,000 

acres 

10 

6 

19 

54 

22 

90 

o 


Bu. 
10. 7 
13.1 
15.8 

18.7 

9.3 

■' 17.2 


Bu. 
9.0 
12.0 
19.0 
21.0 
10.0 
26.0 
16 


Bu 
14.0 
14.0 
13 
20.0 
9.0 
17.0 
22.0 


1.000 
bu. 
203 
297 
401 
1,433 
402 
M.53S 


1,000 

bu. 

99 

60 

342 

1,323 

260 

3, 354 

16 


1,000 
bu. 
140 


Wisconsin 


84 


Montana 


342 


Idaho 


1.080 


Colorado _ 


198 


Washington 

Oregon 


1.530 
44 








United States- 


262 


253 


203 


15.7 


21 6 


16 8 


4. 120 


5.454 


3,418 



1 In leading commercial producing States. 
Velvetbeans ' 



2 Short-time average. 





Total acreage 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 






Aver- 






Aver- 








age, 


1937 


1938 


age, 


1937 


1938 


age, 


1937 


1938 




1927-36 






1927-36 






1927-36 








1,000 


1,000 


1,000 








1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




acres 


acres 


acres 


Lb. 


Lb. 


Lb. 


tons 


tons 


tons 


S. Carolina 


78 


80 


137 


967 


1,100 


1,000 


38 


44 


68 


Georgia 


920 


1,147 


1.309 


837 


950 


850 


385 


545 


556 


Florida 


174 


204 


209 


725 


600 


580 


62 


61 


61 


Alabama 


406 


581 


567 


816 


820 


775 


166 


238 


220 


Mississippi 


63 


99 


86 


1,090 


940 


940 


34 


47 


40 


Louisiana 


46 


68 


64 


8R0 


720 


650 


20 


24 


21 


U. S 


1,687 


2,179 


2,372 


837.7 


880.2 


814.5 


706 


959 


966 







1 The figures refer to the yield and entire production of velvetbeans in the hull 
whether grazed or harvested otherwise. 



274 



CKOPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 

Tobacco by Class and Type 





Type 
No. 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Class and type 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Flue-cured: 


11 
11 


Acres 
103,830 
247, 450 


Acres 
100, 000 
262, 000 


Acres 
94, 000 
245, 000 


Pounds 
657 
712 


Pounds 
720 
800 


Pounds 
780 
810 


1,000 pounds 
67, 145 
176, 147 


1,000 pounds 
72, 000 
209, 600 


l,000pounds 
73, 320 
198, 450 






Total Old Belt - 


11 


351,280 


362, 000 


339, 000 


695 


778 


802 


243,292 


281,600 


271, 770 






12 


335, 900 


330. 000 


288, 000 


771 


925 


875 


257, 562 


305, 250 


252, 000 






13 
13 


52,460 
101,400 


73, 000 
112,000 


61,000 
102, 000 


827 
761 


985 
965 


980 
965 


43, 678 
76, 724 


71,905 
108,080 


59, 780 
98, 430 


South Carolina 




Total South Carolina Belt 


13 


153,860 


185, 000 


163, 000 


782 


973 


971 


120, 403 


179, 985 


158, 210 






14 
14 


77, 870 
5,930 


79, 500 
16,800 


87, 000 
16, 000 


796 
747 


930 
840 


1,040 
975 


64, 270 
4,525 


73, 935 
14,112 


90, 480 
15 600 


Florida 








14 


83, 800 


96, 300 


103, 000 


793 


914 


1,030 


68, 795 


88, 047 


106, 080 






11-14 


924, 810 


973, 300 


893, 000 


748 


878 


882 


690, 051 


854, 882 


788, 060 




Fire-cured: 


21 


29, 250 


25, 400 


21, 600 


750 


790 


790 


21, 820 


20, 066 


17, 064 




Kentucky . 


22 
22 


40, 350 
61,020 


30, 000 
52, 000 


25, 000 
45, 000 


772 
823 


840 
850 


750 
820 


31,101 
50, 184 


25, 200 
44, 200 


18 750 




36, 900 




Total Clarksville and Hopkinsville -- 


22 


101,370 


82, 000 


70. 000 


803 


846 


795 


81, 288 


69, 400 


55 650 








23 
23 


33. 070 
7,310 


26, 000 
8,500 


23, 400 
7,500 


759 
801 


810 
840 


790 
850 


25,212 
5,933 


21,060 
7,140 


18, 486 
6 375 








Total Paducah 


23 


40, 380 


34, 500 


30, 900 


768 


817 


805 


31,145 


28, 200 


24, 861 




Henderson Stemming (Ky.) _. 


24 


6,730 


2,500 


2,500 


775 


850 


875 


5,220 


2,125 


2 188 








21-24 


177,730 


144, 400 


125,000 


787 


830 


798 


139,473 


119,791 


99, 763 




Air-cured (light): 

Ohio 


31 
31 
31 
31 
31 
31 
31 
31 
31 


14, 580 

10, 600 

5, 400 

1 320 

7, 450 

4,790 

5,820 

274, 200 

52, 950 


15,400 

13, 000 

6,000 

200 

12, 800 

4,900 

9,000 

309, 000 

73, 500 


13, 700 

11,300 

6,700 

500 

12, 000 

4.400 

9,000 

306, 000 

71, 000 


817 
780 
913 
1805 
1,024 
683 
778 
756 
838 


875 
860 
925 
850 
1,150 
725 
975 
895 
930 


850 

875 

1, 050 

1,050 

1,050 

725 

1,000 

875 

930 


11, 986 
8,288 
5,003 
1258 
7,617 
3,304 
4,552 
207, 626 
44, 566 


13, 475 
11,180 
5,550 
170 
14, 720 
3, 552 
8,775 
276, 555 
68, 355 


11,645 




9 888 


Missouri 


7,035 
525 


Kansas 


Virginia. 


12,600 


West Virginia .. 


3, 190 


North Carolina 


9,000 


Kentucky _ 


267, 750 


Tennessee.. _. 


66, 030 






Total Burley 


31 


376, 010 


443, 800 


434, 600 


778 


907 


892 


293, 070 


402, 332 


387, 663 




Southern Maryland . 


32 


35, 440 


35, 000 


37, 500 


721 


670 


780 


25, 560 


23, 450 


29, 250 






Total air-cured (light) _ _ 


31-32 


411,450 


478, 800 


472, 100 


774 


8S9 


883 


318,630 


425, 782 


416,913 




Air-cured (dark): 

Indiana . 


35 
35 
35 


1,910 

18,730 
3,240 


600 
23, 000 
3,500 


500 
20, 000 
3,000 


825 
793 
784 


850 
915 
875 


925 
810 
850 


1,621 
14,916 
2,532 


510 
21,045 
3,062 


462 


Kentucky 


16, 200 
2, 550 


Tennessee 






Total One Sucker.. 


35 


23, 880 


27, 100 


23,500 


795 


90S 


818 


19, 068 


24, 617 


19, 212 






Green River (Ky.) 


36 


26, 590 


22, 000 


18, 700 


785 


900 


865 


21, 098 


19, 800 


16,176 






Virginia sun-cured _ 


37 


4,460 


3,800 


3,000 


730 


785 


825 


3,256 


2,983 


2,475 






Total air-cured (dark). 


35-37 


54, 930 


52, 900 


45, 200 


788 


896 


838 


43, 422 


47, 400 


37, 863 






Cigar filler: 

Pennsylvania seedleaf ... 


41 


31, 840 


23, 500 


24, 000 


1,241 


1,220 


1,350 


39, 326 


28, 670 


32, 400 






Miami Valley (Ohio) 


42-44 


21, 960 


15, 500 


13, 800 


914 


975 


940 


19, 851 


15,112 


12, 972 






Georgia . 


45 

45 


410 
590 


400 
700 


400 
800 


1,010 
1,010 


1,120 
1,120 


1,150 
1,350 


487 
623 


448 
784 


460 


Florida 


1,080 






Total Georgia and Florida sun-grown 


45 


1,000 


1, 100 


1,200 


1,005 


1,120 


1,283 


1,062 


1,232 


1,540 






Total cigar filler 


41-45 


54, 930 


40, 100 


39, 000 


1,112 


1,123 


1,203 


60, 346 


45,014 


46,912 






Cigar binder: 

Massachusetts 


51 
51 


270 
9,280 


100 
9,000 


100 
8,400 


1,549 
1, 530 


1,560 
1,540 


1,200 
1,180 


408 
13. 925 


156 
13, 860 


120 


Connecticut 


9,912 






Total Connecticut Valley broadleaf 


51 


9, 550 


9,100 


8,500 


1,531 


1,540 


1,180 


14, 332 


14,016 


2 10,032 






Massachusetts . . 


52 
52 


5,020 
4,030 


4,600 
2,000 


4,000 
2,000 


1,511 
1,511 


1,530 
1,570 


1,230 
1,150 


7, 425 
5,922 


7,038 
3,140 


5,658 


Connecticut 


2,300 






Total Connecticut Valley Havana seed 


52 


9,050 


6, 600 


6,600 


1,511 


1,542 


1,206 


13, 346 


10, 178 


2 7, 958 






New York 


53 

53 


910 
340 


900 
200 


1,200 
200 


1,207 
1,287 


1,275 
1, 600 


1,350 
1,450 


1,054 
424 


1,148 
320 


1,620 




290 






Total New York and Pennsylvania Havanaseed... 


53 


1,250 


1,100 


1,400 


1,233 


1,335 


1,364 


1,477 


1,468 


1,910 




54 


15,930 


11,000 


15,000 


1,310 


1,320 


1,500 


20, 428 


14, 520 


22, 500 








55 
55 

55 


10, 240 
950 


7,400 
400 


9,700 
700 


1, 255 
1,125 


1,430 
1,150 


1,470 
1,100 


12, 477 
1,107 


10, 582 
460 


14, 259 




770 






Total Northern Wisconsin 


11,190 


7,800 


10, 400 


1,248 


1,416 


1, 445 


13, 584 


11,042 


15, 029 






Total cigar binder 


51-55 


46, 970 


35, 600 


41, 900 


1,383 


1,439 | 


1,371 


63, 168 


51, 224 


57, 429 






See footnotes at end of table. 























December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



275 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 

Tobacco by Class and Type — Continued 





Type 

No. 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Class and type 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Cigar wrapper: 


61 
61 


Acres 
1,150 
5,190 


Acres 
1,200 
6,000 


Acres 
1,200 
6,100 


Pounds 
1,013 
1,003 


Pounds 
890 
820 


Pounds 
770 
740 


1,000 pounds 
1,163 
5,203 


1,000 pounds 
1,068 
4,920 


1,000 pounds 
924 


Connecticut 


4,514 






Total Connecticut Valley shade-grown 


01 


6,340 


7,200 


7,300 


1,004 


832 


745 


6, 366 


5,988 


2 5, 438 






Georgia - 


62 
62 


440 
2,250 


700 
2,100 


800 
2,400 


1,081 
1,038 


900 
900 


1,100 
1,130 


483 
2,386 


630 
1,890 


880 


Florida - 


2,712 






Total Georgia and Florida shade-grown 


62 


2, 690 


2,800 


3,200 


1,044 


900 


1,122 


2,870 


2, 520 


3,592 




61-62 


9, 150 


10, 000 


10, 500 


1,023 


851 


860 


9,411 


8, 508 


9,030 






Total cigar types 


41-62 


111,050 


85, 700 


91, 400 


1,209 


J, 222 


1, 240 


132, 925 


104, 746 


113,371 






United States 


All 


1, 680, 790 


1, 735, 100 


1, 626, 700 


791.8 


894.8 


895.0 


1, 325, 243 


1,552,601 


1,455,970 



1 Short-time average. 

2 Including loss after harvest as a result of hurricane and flood estimated as follows: Broadleaf (type 51), 4,001,000 pounds; Havana Seed (type 52), 2,042,000 pounds; 
and Shade (type 61), 471,000 pounds. 



Tobacco 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 






Aver- 






Aver- 








age, 


1937 


1938 


1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


age 


1937 


1938 




1927 -36 










1927-36 








Acres 


Acres 


Acres 


Lb. 


Lb. 


Lb. 


1,000 tb. 


1,0001b 


1,000 lb. 


Mass... 


6, 460 


5,900 


5,900 


1,415 


1 , 400 


1, 136 


9,024 


8.262 


i 6, 702 


Conn.__ 


18, 600 


17, 000 


16, 500 


1,373 


1,289 


1,014 


25, 190 


21, 920 


1 16, 726 


N. Y... 


910 


900 


1,200 


1,207 


1, 275 


1.350 


1,054 


1,148 


1, 620 


Pa 


32, 180 


23, 700 


24, 200 


1.241 


1, 223 


1,351 


39, 749 


28, 990 


32, 690 


Ohio.... 


37, 160 


30, 900 


27, 500 


877 


925 


895 


32. 502 


28, 587 


24, 617 


Ind 


12, 640 


13, 600 


11, 800 


788 


860 


877 


10,017 


11, 690 


10. 350 


Wis 


26, 170 


18, 400 


24, 700 


1,287 


1,364 


1.488 


32, 905 


25, 102 


36, 759 


Minn... 


950 


400 


700 


1,125 


1, 150 


1,100 


1,107 


460 


770 


Mo 


5,460 


6, 000 


6,700 


913 


925 


1, 050 


5, 003 


5,550 


7,035 


Kans... 


'320 


200 


500 


2 805 


850 


1,050 


2 258 


170 


525 


Md 


35, 440 


35, 000 


37, 500 


721 


670 


780 


25, 560 


23, 450 


29, 250 


Va 


144, 990 


142, 000 


130. 600 


698 


773 


807 


99, 838 


109, 769 


105, 459 


\V. Va.. 


4.790 


4,900 


4.400 


683 


725 


725 


3.304 


3, 552 


3, 190 


N. C... 


641,630 


674, 000 


603, 000 


753 


884 


861 


481, 939 


595, 530 


519, 230 


S. C__._ 


101, 400 


112, 000 


102, 000 


761 


965 


965 


76,724 


108.080 


98, 430 


Ga 


78, 720 


80, 600 


88,200 


800 


931 


1,041 


65, 192 


75,013 


91, 820 


Fla 


8,770 


19, 600 


19, 200 


850 


856 


1.010 


7, 534 


16, 780 


19. 392 


Ky 


399, 670 


412, 500 


395, 600 


761 


887 


858 


305, 175 


365, 785 


339, 550 


Tenn... 


124, 520 


137, 500 


126, 500 


827 
791.8 


893 


884 


103, 214 


122, 757 


111, 855 


U. S_. 


1, 680, 790 


1,735,100 


1, 626, 700 


894.8 


895.0 


1,325,243 


1, 552, 601 


1, 455. 970 



1 Including loss after harvest as a result of hurricane and flood estimated as follows: 
Massachusetts, 1,798,000 pounds, and Connecticut, 4,716,000 pounds. 

2 Short-time average. 



Peanut Acreage for All Purposes 





Grown alone 


Interplanted 


Equivalent solid ' 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Virginia 


1,000 

acres 

142 

239 

14 


1,000 

acres 

154 

240 

9 


1,000 

acres 

163 

250 

8 


1,000 

acres 

8 

6 




1,000 

acres 



6 




1,000 

acres 



6 




1,000 

acres 

146 

242 

14 


1,000 

acres 

154 

243 

9 


1,000 

acres 

163 


North Carolina 

Tennessee 


253 
8 






Total (V.-C. area). 


395 


403 


421 


14 


6 


6 


402 


406 


424 


South Carolina 

Georgia 


15 
512 
119 
324 

32 


14 
591 
124 
390 

33 


17 
691 
134 
410 

38 


5 
507 
286 
218 

6 


4 
643 
349 
202 

4 


4 
617 
340 
232 

5 


18 
766 
262 
434 

35 


16 
913 

298 
491 
35 


19 
999 


Florida 


304 




526 


Mississippi 


40 






Total (S.E. area).. 


1,002 


1,152 


1,290 


1,023 


1,202 


1,198 


1,514 


1,753 


1,888 


Arkansas. 


50 

27 

60 

245 


42 
31 
23 
294 


48 
36 
38 
350 


4 
3 
2 
11 


5 
4 
1 
14 


4 
4 
2 
17 


52 
29 
61 
251 


44 

33 

24 

301 


50' 


Louisiana.. 


38 


Oklahoma 


39 


Texas 


358 






Total (S. W. area). 


383 


390 


472 


21 


24 


27 


394 


402 


485 


United States.. 


1,780 


1,945 


2,183 


1,058 


1,232 


1,231 


2,309 


2,561 


2,797 



1 Acres grown alone plus approximately one-half the interplanted acres. 





Peanuts for Nuts 


Peanuts for Hay 


Peanuts 


State 


Acreage harvested ' 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Plowed Under 




Aver- 
age, 
1927-30 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Virginia. 

North Carolina. 
Tennessee 


1,000 
acres 
145 
222 
14 


1,000 

acres 

151 

238 

9 


1,000 

acres 

157 

243 

8 


Lb. 
1,002 
1,029 
705 


Lb. 
1,215 
1, 250 

675 


Lb. 

930 
1,025 

775 


1,000 lb. 

145, 288 

228, 960 

10, 040 


1,0001b. 

183, 465 

297, 500 

6,075 


1,0001b. 

146.010 

249. 075 

6,200 


1,000 
acres 
114 
210 
14 


1,000 

acres 

105 

229 

9 


1,000 

acres 

124 

225 

8 


Tons 

0.38 

.47 

.53 


Tons 

0.45 

.53 

.60 


Tons 

0.45 

.55 

.65 


1,000 
tons 
44 
100 

7 


1,000 
tons 
47 
121 

5 


1,000 

tons 

56 

124 

5 


1,000 
acres 
1 
20 


7,000 

acres 

3 

5 


1,000 

acres 

6 

10 










Total (V.-C. 
area) 


381 


398 


468 


1.006 


1,224 


984 


384,288 


487, 040 


401. 285 


338 


343 


357 


.44 


.50 


.52 


151 


173 


185 


21 


8 


16 


South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Florida 

Alabama 

Mississippi 


12 
457 

56 
287 

29 


11 
530 

71 
336 

28 


13 
619 

76 
366 

33 


690 
624 
566 
612 
540 


730 
740 
580 
750 

520 


700 
800 
750 
750 
510 


8,539 
284. 146 

32,010 
178, 239 

15, 660 


8,030 
392, 200 

41, 180 
252, 000 

14, 560 


9,100 
495, 200 

57, 000 
274, 500 

16, 830 


12 
415 

51 
243 
23 


11 
456 

60 
319 

23 


13 
579 
63 

348 
26 


.54 
.36 
.41 
.47 
.73 


.50 
.38 

.45 
.55 
.85 


.60 
.40 
.45 
.50 
.75 


148 
21 

115 
16 


6 
173 

27 
175 
20 


8 
232 

28 
174 

20 


5 
309 
205 
147 

6 


5 
383 
227 
155 

7 


6 

380 
228 
160 

7 


Total (S.E. 
area) 


842 


976 


1,107 


614 


725 


770 


518, 594 


707, 970 


852. 630 


744 


869 


1.029 


.42 


.46 


.45 


307 


401 


462 


672 


777 


781 


Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


20 
13 
46 
196 


19 

12 

19 

229 


30 

13 

32 

297 


532 
496 
504 
498 


520 
500 
475 
440 


460 
500 
530 
450 


10, 306 

6, z34 

23, 269 

96, 778 


9.880 

6,000 

9,025 

100. 760 


13, 800 

6,500 

16, 960 

133, 650 


29 

17 

48 

192 


35 

17 

18 

229 


38 

21 

30 

290 


.72 
.80 
.70 
.59 


.90 
.70 
.70 
.60 


.80 
.70 
.65 

.55 


20 

13 

33 

112 


32 

12 

13 

137 


30 

15 

20 

160 


23 
12 
13 

55 


9 
16 

5 
72 


12 
17 
7 
61 


Total (S. 
W. area) . 


274 


279 


372 


502 


450 


459 


136, 588 


125,665 


170.910 


286 


299 


379 


.63 


.65 


.59 


179 


194 


225 


104 


102 


97 


United States. . 


1.497 


1.653 


1 , 887 


693.6 


799 


755. 1 


i . 039. 469 


1 X20 675 


1 424 «2 r i 


1 3«7 


1 511 


1 7«5 


■ 7 


51 


40 


nir. 


7RS 


«-2 


707 


887 


894 



1 Equivalent solid acreage. (Acreage grown alone with an allowance for acreage grown with other crops.) 



276 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 



Alfalfa Seed 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per 


acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


193S 


Aver- 
age, 

1927-26 


1937 


1938 


Ohio.. 


/lores 
I 18.062 

' 5. 750 
1 29, 362 
' 17,562 

31, 130 

1 7, 375 
17,900 
43, 070 
43, 900 
53, 400 

22. 900 
2.890 
42. 700 
37, 200 
15, 000 

10, 010 
3,410 

19,460 

37,390 
2,990 

14, 850 


Acres 
2, 000 
1,000 
43,000 
59,300 
67,000 

10. 000 
20, 000 
9,000 
50. 000 
43, 000 

35, 000 
4, SOO 
12,000 
42. 000 
23. 800 

14,000 
6,500 

20. 000 

28, 000 
5,000 

16,000 


/teres 
10, 006 
1.000 
69, 000 
39. 000 
50, 000 

20. 000 

6, 000 

1, 000 

62. 000 

65, 000 

55, 000 
6,000 
21.000 
47, 000 

27, 000 

11,900 
9,000 

28, 000 
39, 000 

6.000 
17,000 


Bush- 
els 

' 1.3 
i.9 

i 1.4 

i 1.1 
1.4 

i 1.5 
1.0 
1.0 
1.4 
1.8 

2.5 
2.7 
2.0 
3 
2.3 

2.8 
3.5 

4.8 
2.0 
2.7 
3.4 


Bush- 
els 
1.0 
1.3 
1.2 
1.2 
1.4 

1.4 
1.0 
1.0 
1.2 
1.7 

2.6 
3.5 
1.6 
2.0 
2.0 

2.5 
4.5 
6.5 
2.3 
3.0 
3.3 


Bush- 
els 
0.8 
1.0 
. 7 
.9 
1.0 

1.2 
• 1.0 
1.0 
1.4 
1.4 

2.5 
3.0 
2.0 
1.5 
1.8 

2 
2.7 
3.7 
2.7 
3.0 
3.5 


Bush- 
els 
1 21.262 

' 5, 450 
i 36.362 
> 20,200 

48, 980 

I 10,850 
17, 820 
48, 580 
61. 250 
99, 070 

56, 630 
8, 420 
86, 6S0 
114,480 
34, 720 

27. 840 
11.910 
91.700 
83, 920 
8,220 
50, 920 


Bush- 
els 

2,000 
1,300 

51. 600 
71,200 
93, 800 

14, 000 
20, 000 
9,000 
60, 000 
73, 100 

91,000 
16,800 
19. 200 
84, 0110 
47, 600 

35, 000 
29, 200 
130, 000 
64, 400 
15,000 

52, 800 


Bush- 
els 
8. 000 




1.000 


Michigan 


48, 000 


Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa.. 


27, 000 
50, 000 

24, 000 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 


6. 00n 

4, 000 

87. 000 


Kansas 


91.000 


Oklahoma 

Texas... _. 


138.000 
18, 000 
42, 000 


Idaho. 


70. 0U0 


Wvoming 

Colorado 


49, 000 
24, 000 


New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 


24, 000 
104,000 
105. 000 


Oreuon 


18, 000 


California 


60. 000 


United States 


463, 690 


511,400 


583, 900 


2.05 


1.92 


1.71 


926, 440 


981, 000 


998. 000 



Timothy Seed 



Pennsylvania... 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri. 

North Dakota.. 

United States. 



5, 580 
37, 200 
19, 100 
63, 380 

10, 740 

34. 390 

230. 000 

77. 800 

2,570 

490, 370 



2,000 
61,000 
37, 000 
63, 000 

11,700 

2?, 000 

292. 000 

88, 000 

1,000 



5X3, 700 



2,500 
23. 000 
13,000 
50, 000 

9,800 
29, 000 
24 H, 000 
72, 000 



447, 300 



2.7 
3.1 
2.9 
2.6 

3.1 
3.7 
3.7 

2.9 
2.4 



3.34 



14, 960 
123, 380 

60, 580 
196, 260 

35, 100 

130, 200 

931,350 

246, 440 

6,750 



1.757,650 



4,800 
195, 200 
155, 400 
214, 200 

41, 000 

117.600 

1.401,600 

398 000 

3,500 



2, 529, 300 



5,500 
62, 000 
36, 000 
115.000 

28, 000 
107, 000 
918,000 
223. 000 



1, 494, 500 



Clover Seed (Red and Alsike) 



New York 

Pennsylvania. 

Ohio 

Inoiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Maryland 

Virginia 

Kentucky 

Tdaho 

Oregon 

United 
States 



8,100 


7,000 


16, 520 


6,500 


186, 400 


104. 000 


ISO, roil 


20, 000 


162, 400 


21,000 


130,600 


82. 000 


92, 810 


29. 600 


68. 300 


33. 000 


122,600 


8,000 


53. 200 


10,000 


13. 60 


1,000 


15. 600 


1,000 


18, 150 


33. 000 


8,950 


8,000 


9. 350 


6.000 


29, 700 


18,500 


26, 850 


66. 000 


1, 160, 480 


454, 600 



14, 000 


1.7 


1.5 


1.5 


18, 000 


1.0 


.9 


1.0 


468. 000 


- 1. 2 


1.0 


.9 


310,000 


9 


1.2 


1. 1 


234, 000 


.9 


.9 


1.1 


285, 000 


12 


1.2 


1. 1 


74. 000 


1.3 


1 3 


1.4 


45. 000 


2.0 


1.9 


2.0 


125. 000 


.8 


9 


.8 


80, 000 


1.0 


.9 


1.1 


1,000 


1.3 


1.3 


1.5 


1, 000 


.7 


.9 


.7 


60. 000 


1.4 


1.2 


1 2 


11. OOO 


1. 1 


1.5 


1.0 


15.000 


1.5 


1.5 


1.5 


22. 000 


4.5 


5.5 


5.0 


57. 000 


2.3 


2.8 


3 


1, 876, 000 


1.24 


1.60 


1.17 



12, 890 


10, 500 


15.920 


5. 800 


217.670 


104. 000 


173, 100 


24, 000 


151,800 


18.900 


151, 5«0 


98, 400 


125. 120 


33. 500 


136.020 


62, 700 


102.920 


7, 200 


53. 110 


9.00.0 


18, 060 


1.300 


11.320 


900 


24. 020 


39, 600 


11.160 


12, 000 


13,240 


9,000 


132.570 


i01.800 


62, 490 


184. 800 


1, 433. 680 


728, 400 



21,000 

18. 000 

421.000 

341,000 

31'Z, 000 

314,000 
101, 000 

90, 000 
100. 000 

88, 000 
1,500 

• 700 
79, 000 
11,000 
22. 000 
110.000 
171.000 



Sweetclover Seed 



Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Wisconsin. 



Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. 
South Dakota. 



Nebraska.. 

Kansas 

Montana.. 
Wyoming. 
Colorado.. 



United States. 



6, 300 

3.300 

15, 500 

' 2. 371 

66, 700 
10,200 
4. 100 
43. 500 
35, 680 

20, 800 

22, 600 

5,150 



3. 900 



215,000 



11,000 
4,000 

17, 000 
5,400 

124,000 
16, 000 
5,000 
21,000 

18, 000 

8,000 
10,000 
5,000 
3,000 
2. 500 



210.000 



7,000 

6,000 

33, 000 

6,500 

174.000 
24, 000 
32, 000 
32. 000 
20, 000 

15, 000 
19, 000 
15, 000 
4,000 
3,000 



300. 500 



2.6 

2.5 

2.7 

13.4 

4.2 
3.0 
2.5 
3.4 
3.2 

2.9 
2.5 
2.4 



3.37 



2.3 
2.5 
2.8 
3.5 

3.8 
2.3 
2.6 
3.5 

2.5 

2.4 
2.5 
2.5 
3.0 
4.0 



3.27 



2.1 
1.7 
2.3 
3.5 

2.3 
2.2 
2.2 
2.2 

1.9 

2.3 
2.6 
3.5 
3.0 

_4_0 

~2."34 



16, 230 

7,930 

41, 290 

1 8, 286 

262, 190 

50, 390 

10. 260 

155, 140 

125, 270 

60, 900 
59, 390 
12, 980 



18. 240 



826,910 



25, 300 
10. 000 
47. 600 

18, 900 

471.200 
30. 800 
13. 000 
73. 500 
45, 000 

19, 200 
25, 000 
12, 500 

9,000 
10, 000 



817, 000 



14. 700 
10.200 
76. 000 
23. 000 

400. 000 
53. 000 
70. 000 
70. 000 
38, 000 

34, 000 
49, 000 
52, 000 
12, 000 
12.000 



913,900 



Lespedeza Seed ' 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
38 


1937 


1938 




Acres 


Acres 

23, 000 
40. 000 
27. 000 
140, 000 

132, 000 
143, 000 

3, 000 
10, 000 

3,000 


A cres 
25, 000 
28, 000 
80. 000 
30,00(1 
177,000 

166,000 
172, 000 

2.500 
20, 000 

2.500 


Lb. 

2 258 
2 139 

138 
128 
95 

110 


Lb. 
145 
170 
210 
250 
190 

200 
245 
120 
200 
100 


Lb. 
225 
230 
270 
250 
220 

300 
315 
100 
230 
110 


1,000 
lb. 

= 2,983 
■ 8, 687 

9,307 

5,930 

322 

456 


1,000 
lb. 

2.900 
3.910 
8.400 
6,750 

26, 600 

26, 400 
35, 035 

360 
2,000 

300 


1,000 
lb. 

5,625 
6 440 


Missouri 




21, 600 


Virginia 

North Carolina.. 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Mississippi 


2 12.000 
2 56,556 

53. 300 
43, 500 
3, 260 


7,500 
38, 940 

49, 800 

54,180 

250 

4,600 


Louisiana 


4,110 


275 






Cnited States.. 


170,770 


541. 000 


703, 000 


137.5 


208.2 


269.1 


26, 924 


112,655 


189, 210 



i Additional quantities produced in other States but data insufficient for preparing 
estimates. 
2 Short-time average. 



Hops 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age. 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Washington 
Oregon 
California- _ 


^4cres 
3,730 

18, 400 
5,370 


Acres 

5, 000 

22, 300 

7,000 


Acres 
5, 000 
19, 800 
6,700 


Lb. 
1,777 
960 
1,618 


Lb. 
1,757 
1, 100 
1,514 


Lb. 
1,935 
830 
1,366 


1,000 
lb. 

6.639 
17, 489 
8,625 


1,000 

lb. 

i 8, 785 

'24,530 

'10,598 


1,000 

lb 

• 9, 675 

' 16,434 

i 9, 152 


United 
States. _ 


27, 500 


34, 300 


31, 500 


1,195 


1,280 


1,119 


32, 753 


'43,913 


i 35,261 



i Includes the following quantities not harvested because of market conditions, 
including the 1938 marketing agreement allotments : Washington — 1,360,000 pounds in 
1937 and 1,300,000 pounds in 1938; Oregon— 2,530,000 pounds in 1937 and 1,200,000 
pounds in i938; California— 475,000 pounds in 1937 and 640,000 pounds in 1938. 



Broomcorn 



> Short-time average. 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Illinois 

Kansas 

Oklahoma.. 

Texas. 

Colorado... 
New Mexico 


1,000 
acres 
34 
39 
140 
20 
52 
41 


1,000 
acres 
44 
21 
120 
34 
32 
51 


1,000 
acres 
38 
22 
91 
29 
32 
51 


Lb. 
475 
239 
251 
289 
226 
235 


Lb. 
610 
130 
300 
272 
130 
235 


Lb. 
450 
180 
275 
300 
190 
245 


Tons 
8,080 
4,810 
17. 170 
2,970 
5,940 
4,830 


Tons 
13. 400 
1,400 
18. 000 
4.000 
2, 100 
6,000 


Tons 
8.600 
2.000 

12, 500 
4.400 
3.000 
6,200 


U ni t e d 

States.. 


327 


302 


263 


272.3 


301.2 


278.9 


43, 930 


45, 500 


36, 700 



Popcorn 



State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


1936 


1937 


193S 


1936 


1937 


.1938 


1936 


1937 

1,000 
pounds 

5,313 
21, 582 

4,200 
24, 062 

1,208 

1,120 
19, 845 

3,024 


1938 


Indiana 


Acres 
2,300 

10, 000 
3, 500 

13, 409 

2,000 

440 

9.100 

1,250 

41, 990 


Acres 
2,530 

12, 500 
4,000 

21,200 
3.000 
2,800 

18, 900 
2,400 


Acres 
2, 050 
8,000 
3,400 

17.000 
2.500 
2,400 
3,350 
1,600 


Lb. 

1.470 

1,056 

750 

360 

250 

210 

1,610 

1,050 


Lb. 
2,100 
1,725 
1,050 
1, 135 
400 
400 
1,050 
1,260 


Lb. 
2,030 
1,500 
1,500 
1, 550 
720 
850 
1,100 
1,400 


1,000 

pounds 

3,381 

10, 560 

2,625 

4,824 

500 

92 

14, 651 

1,312 


1,000 

pounds 

4,162 


Illinois 


12, 000 


Michigan 

Iowa.. 


5,304 

26, 350 

1,800 


Kansas 


2,040 


Texas 

California 


3.685 
2,240 


8 States 


67, 330 


40, 300 


904 


1,193 


1,429 


37, 945 


80, 326 


57, 581 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



277 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 

Sugar Beets and Beet Sugar 





Sugar beets (in States where grown) 


Beet sugar 


State 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Production ' 




Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Ohio 


1,000 

acres 
32 
96 
74 
49 
45 

44 
192 

48 
88 
91 


1,000 

acres 
25 
76 
63 
70 
51 

47 
160 

46 
132 

82 


1,000 
acres 
50 
123 

77 
78 
73 

54 
137 

52 
157 
130 


Short 
tons 
8.7 
7.7 
12.2 
11.5 
11.0 

11.6 
12.3 
12.2 
12.5 
8.5 


Short 
tons 
5.8 
7.2 
14.0 
12.2 
12.1 

13.0 
12.4 
12.4 
12.9 

10.1 


Short 
tons 
7.9 
8.4 
14.0 
12.2 
14.0 

12.7 
14.5 
14.3 
12.7 

10.8 


1,000 

short 

tons 
266 
751 
904 
578 
494 

512 
2,366 

595 
1,143 

773 


1,000 

short 

tons 
144 
549 
882 
852 
615 

612 
1,992 

570 
1,707 

826 


1,000 
short 
tons 
397 
1,028 
1,081 
955 
1,019 

687 
1,984 

742 
1,993 
1,406 


1,000 
short 
tons 
31 
110 
120 
82 
75 

81 
347 

87 
187 

97 


1,000 
short 
tons 
14 
79 
113 
122 
99 

94 
303 

81 
284 

95 


1,000 
short 
tons 
43 


Michigan.. 


164 




134 


Montana 


136 




132 


Wyoming 


104 


Colorado.. 


301 


Utah 


103 


California 


320 


Other States 


182 






United States 


760 


752 


931 


11.0 


11.6 


12.1 


8,383 


8,749 


11,292 


1,218 


1,284 


1,619 







1 Includes some sugar manufactured from beets and beet molasses originating in other States. 



Sugarcane for Sugar 



EXCLUDING CANE FOR SEED 





Acreage harvested 


Yield of cane per 
acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1928- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 

ase, 

1928- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Louisiana 


1,000 
acres 
195 
12 


1,000 
acres 
254 
19 


1,000 
acres 
270 
24 


Short 

tons 

15.2 

29. 1 


Short 
tons 
20 7 
33.4 


Short 
tons 
21.6 
33 6 


1,000 
short 
tons 
3.002 
354 


1,000 
ahort 
tons 
1 5, 258 
634 


1,000 
short 
tons 
5. 832 


Florida 


806 






Total 


206 


273 


291 


16.0 


21.6 


22.6 


3,355 


5,892 


6,638 



INCLUDING CANE TOR SEED 



Louisiana 


216 
12 


276 
20 


288 
25 


15.2 
29.1 


20.7 
33 3 


21 7 
33.6 


3,312 
369 


15,713 
666 


6.237 


Florida... . 


839 






Total 


228 


296 


313 


15.9 


21.6 


22.6 


3,681 


6,379 


7 076 



PRODUCTS OF CANE GROUND FOR SUGAR 





Sugar per ton of cane, 
96 equivalent 


Sugar produced, 
96° equivalent 


Molasses, 2 includ- 
ing blackstrap 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1928-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1928- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 

aee, 

1928- 

36 


1937 


1938 




Pounds 
153 
158 


Pounds 
154 

180 


Pounds 
166 
181 


1,000 

short 

tons 

232 

29 


1,000 
short 
tons 
405 

57 


1.000 
short 
tons 
484 
73 


J, 000 
qal. 

19,348 
2,324 


1,000 
gal. 

33,125 
4,286 


1.000 

gal. 

34. 986 


Florida 


5,400 






Total 


154 


157 


168 


262 


462 


557 


21, 673 


37,411 


40, 386 



i Does not include 420,000 tons of frozen cane abandoned in the fields 
tons lost by topping of extra joints at harvest. 
2 Blackstrap only in Florida. 

Sugarcane Sirup 



and 856,000 



State 



South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Florida 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Texas 



Acreage harvested 
for sirup 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1.000 

acres 

5 

32 

11 

23 

22 
1 

23 
9 



1937 



1,000 
acres 
4 
35 
13 
29 

29 
1 

29 
6 



1938 



1,000 
acres 
4 
33 
11 
25 

27 
1 

29 

7 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



Gal. 
99 
143 
168 
119 

158 
99 
255 
128 



United States.. 126 146 137 161.0 172.2 162.2 20,228 25,135 22,221 



1937 



Gal. 
105 
155 
144 
130 

155 
175 

283 
128 



1938 



Gal 
95 
133 
190 
100 

166 
110 
255 
125 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1,000 
gal. 

514 
4,575 
1,848 
2,722 

3,478 

110 

5,843 

1,139 



1937 



1938 



1,000 


1,000 


gal. 


gal. 


420 


380 


5,425 


4,389 


1,872 


2.090 


3,770 


2,500 


4,495 


4,482 


175 


110 


8,210 


7,395 


768 


875 



Sugar Beet Pulp Production 



Item 



Molasses pulp 
Dried pulp... 
Moist pulp... 



Average, 
1927-36 



1,000 short 

tons 

118 

84 

' 1, 403 



1937 



1,000 short 

tons 

165 

50 

1,600 



1938 



1,000 short 
tons 

166 

99 

2.019 



1 Short-time average. 



Sorgo Sirup 



State 



Indiana 

Illinois 

Iowa 

Missouri 

Kansas. 

Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

United States 



Acreage harvested 
for sirup 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1,000 
acres 
2 
2 
2 
13 
2 

3 
21 

8 
15 
14 

21 
38 
22 
20 
4 
25 



1937 



1,000 

acres 

3 

2 

3 

12 
2 

3 
16 

6 
14 
13 

• 16 
28 
18 
22 
2 
33 



1938 



1,000 

acres 

3 

2 

3 

10 
2 

2 
14 

6 
16 
11 

15 
33 
18 
20 
2 
33 



Yield per acre 



Aver- 
age, 

1927-36 



Gal. 



1937 



Gal. 
65 
74 
110 

46 
50 

70 
70 
46 
66 
60 

57 
70 
74 
58 
42 
52 



213 193 190 61.1 61.7 60.4 13,002 11.915 11,467 



1938 



Gal. 
63 
66 
120 
58 
42 

75 
70 
52 
61 
63 

58 

67 

70 

4 

40 

50 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1,000 

gal. 
152 
127 
198 
629 
113 

199 
1,440 

408 
1,006 

754 

1,144 
2,651 
l,6f6 
1.011 
190 
1.316 



1937 



1,000 

gal. 
195 
148 
330 
552 
100 

210 
1,120 
276 
924 
780 

912 
1,960 
1.332 
1,276 

1,716 



1938 



1,000 

gal. 
189 
132 
360 
580 
84 

150 
980 
312 
976 
693 

870 
2,211 
1,260 

940 

80 

1,650 



Maple Products 





Trees tapped 


Sugar made 


Sirup made 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 




1,000 

trees 

257 

395 

5, 490 

253 

3,406 

736 
1,247 
481 
272 
60 


1,000 

trees 

268 

364 

5,331 

224 

3,051 

518 

1,180 

403 

280 

58 


1,000 

trees 
273 
368 

5, 438 
224 

2,959 

502 

1,180 

379 

291 

58 


1,000 

lb. 

16 

107 

911 

82 

423 

116 
34 
39 
10 
24 


1,000 

lb. 

i 20 

58 

476 

93 

291 

62 
12 
16 
7 
12 


1,000 

lb. 

10 

66 

627 

40 

260 

43 
9 

16 
3 

10 


1,000 
gal. 
35 

74 

1,050 

58 

772 

196 
338 
109 
65 
22 


1,000 

gal. 

136 

61 

940 

64 

643 

155 
401 
99 
73 
36 


1.000 
gal. 
1 50 


New Hampshire... 


86 
1 485 


Massachusetts 


51 

588 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio 


95 
283 




64 




49 




26 






United States.. 


12, 597 


11, 677 


11.672 


1,762 


1,047 


1,084 


2,720 


2. 508 


2,777 



i Excludes the following quantities in Somerset County, not produced on farms: 
15,405 pounds of sugar and 40,281 gallons of sirup in 1937 and 45,000 gallons of sirup in 
1938. 



278 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Important Crops, by 


States, 1937 and 1938 


, With Comparisons — Continued 








Cotton Lint 


Cottonseed 


State 


Acreage in cul- 
tivation 
July 1— 


Acreage aban- 
doned after 
July 1— 


Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Production ' 


' 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 




1,000 

acres 

569 

67 

1,111 

1,705 

2,674 

120 

995 

2,705 

3,495 

3,099 

1,575 

2,471 

12, 769 

162 

299 

624 

31 


1,000 

acres 

373 

41 

884 

1,272 

2,128 

90 

799 

2,160 

2,680 

2,444 

1,245 

1,804 

9,534 

104 

206 

356 

24 


Percent 
2.0 
1.0 

.7 
.6 
.5 

1.7 
.6 
.4 
.8 

1.2 
.4 

4.0 

1.8 

1.6 


.6 

2.9 


Percent 
1.3 
3.0 
3.0 
1.5 
3.0 
5.6 
1.0 
1.5 
3.0 
2.3 
1.7 
4.0 
4.0 
5.0 
0.5 
5.6 
3.8 


1,000 

acres 

357 

68 

1,265 

1,686 

2,761 

106 

946 

2,903 

3,426 

2,935 

1, 584 

3,221 

13,710 

110 

170 

226 

23 


1,000 

acres 

558 

66 

1,103 

1,695 

2, 661 

118 

989 

2,694 

3,467 

3,062 

1,569 

2,372 

12, 539 

159 

299 

620 

30 


1,000 

acres 

368 

40 

857 

1, 253 

2,064 

85 

791 

2,128 

2,600 

2,388 

1,224 

1,732 

9,153 

99 

205 

336 

23 


Pounds 
296 
277 
274 
231 
203 
139 
222 
194 
207 
193 
199 
131 
140 
391 
355 
468 
254 


Pounds 
346 
312 
338 
289 
270 
162 
320 
290 
372 
298 
337 
156 
197 
490 
501 
570 
361 


Pounds 
438 
179 
223 
248 
199 
140 
295 
243 
316 
269 
264 
158 
164 
459 
458 
602 
356 


1,000 

bales 

223 

40 

710 

798 

1,152 

31 

436 

1,159 

1,462 

1,182 

655 

903 

3,997 

89 

127 

225 

12 


1,000 
bales 

404 
43 

780 

1,023 

1,500 

40 

661 
1,631 
2,692 
1,904 
1,104 

773 
5,154 

163 

313 

738 
23 


1,000 

bales 

337 

15 

400 

650 

857 

25 

487 

1,080 

1,715 

1,340 

676 

570 

3,125 

95 

196 

423 

17 


1,000 

tons 

99 

18 

315 

354 

512 

14 

194 

515 

650 

525 

291 

401 

1,780 

40 

57 

100 

5 


1,000 

tons 

179 

19 

346 

455 

666 

18 

294 

726 

1,198 

847 

491 

344 

2,294 

72 

139 

328 

10 


1,000 
tons 
150 


Virginia 


7 


North Carolina - 


177 


South Carolina 


289 




380 


Florida 


11 


Tennessee 


216 




480 




762 




596 




301 


Oklahoma 


254 




1,391 


New Mexico 


42 




87 




188 




8 






United States 


34, 471 


26, 144 


1.4 


3.1 


35, 496 


34,001 


25, 346 


179.8 


266.9 


226.8 


13, 201 


18, 946 


12, 008 


5,869 


8,426 


5,339 








4.1 

15.8 

21 


18.1 
15.1 

44 


7.3 
2.7 



0.5 
2.0 
0.3 


39 


3.8 

15.4 

21 


18.0 
14.8 

44 


233 


90 
77 
269 


42 
48 
229 


20 


0.7 
2.5 

12 


1.6 
1.5 
21 
































Lower California 3 


140 


94 








97 


140 


94 


219 


179 


188 


46 


52 


37 


20 


23 


16 







1 Computed from lint production, assuming 65 pounds of cottonseed for each 35 net pounds of lint. 

2 Included in State and United States totais. 

3 Not included in California figures, nor in United States totals. 



Cotton Report as of December 1, 1938 

A United States cotton crop of 12,008,000 bales of 500 pounds 
gross weight is estimated by the Crop Reporting Board of the 
United States Department of Agriculture, based on indications 
of December 1, 1938. This is 129,000 bales, or about 1.0 percent, 
less than was forecast a month ago and compares with 18,946,000 





Acreage for 
1938 crop 


Yield per acre 


Aver- 
age 
gross 
wt. of 
run- 
ning 
bales,' 
1938 
(Dec. 
1 esti- 
mate) 


Production (gin- 
nings), 2 500-pound 
gross weight bales 


State 


Left 
for 
har 
vest 


In 
cul- 
tiva- 
tion 
July 1 


Aver- 
age, , 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1P38 
(Dec. 
1 esti- 
mate) 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 
crop 


1938 
crop 
(Dec. 
1 esti- 
mate) 


Missouri 


1,000 

acres 

368 

40 

857 

1,253 

2,064 

85 

791 
2,128 
'.', 600 
2,388 
1,224 

1,732 

9,153 

99 

205 

336 

23 


1,000 

acres 

373 

41 

884 

1,272 

2,128 

90 

799 
2,160 
2.680 
2,444 
1,245 

1,804 
9, 534 
104 
206 
356 
24 


Lb. 
296 
277 
274 
231 
203 
139 

222 

194 
207 
193 
199 

131 
140 
391 
355 
468 
254 


Lb. 
346 
312 
338 
289 
270 
162 

320 
290 
372 
298 
337 

156 
197 
490 
501 
570 
361 


Lb. 
438 
179 
223 
248 
199 
140 

295 
243 
316 
269 
264 

158 
164 
459 
458 
602 
356 


Lb. 
503 
495 
492 
505 
505 
480 

514 
509 
515 
521 

518 

512 
522 
507 
510 
510 
500 


1,000 

bales 

223 

40 

710 

798 

1,152 

31 

436 
1,159 
1,462 
1,182 

655 

903 

3,997 

89 

127 

225 

12 


1.000 

bales 

404 

43 

780 

1,023 

1,500 

40 

661 
1,631 
2,692 
1.904 
1,104 

773 
5,154 
163 
313 
738 
23 


1,000 

bales 

337 


Virginia 


15 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


400 
650 
857 


Florida . 


25 


Tennessee 


487 


Alabama 


1,080 


Mississippi 

Arkansas 


1,715 
1,340 


Louisiana 


676 


Oklahoma .... 


570 


Texas 


3,125 


New Mexico 

Arizona 


95 
196 


California 


423 


Allother.. 


17 






United States... 


25, 346 


26, 144 


179.8 


266.9 


226. 8 


514.2 


13, 201 


18, 946 


12,008 


Georgia Sea Is- 
land 3 -- 


18.0 

14.8 
44 

94 


18.1 

15.1 
44 

94 


233 


90 

77 
269 


42 

48 
229 


400 

400 
518 


20 


0.7 

2.5 
12 


1 6 


Florida Sea Is- 


1 5 


Arizona Egyptian 3 . 


21 


Lower California 
(Old Mexico) < 


219 


179 


188 




46 


52 


37 



i Counting round bales as half bales. 

2 Allowances made for interstate movement of seed cotton for ginning, 
ing production of linters. 

3 Included in State and United States totals. 

4 Not included in California figures, nor in UDited States total. 



Not includ- 



bales produced in 1937, 12,399,000 bales produced in 1936, 
10,638,000 bales produced in 1935, and 13,201,000 bales, the 
10-year (1927-36) average. The yield is estimated at 226.8 
pounds per acre, which compares with 266.9 pounds in 1937, and 
179.8 pounds, the 10-year (1927-36) average. 

Harvested acreage is now estimated at 25,346,000 acres, which 
is 25.5 percent less than that harvested in 1937. With an 
allowance for the estimated abandonment of 3.1 percent, the 
cotton acreage in cultivation on July 1 is indicated to have been 
26,144,000 acres. The abandonment in 1938 was greater than 
average, some acreage having been removed by farmers after July 
1 in order to be in compliance with the 1938 Agricultural Adjust- 
ment program. 



Sweetpotatoes 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


New Jersey 


1,000 
acres 
14 
4 
6 
3 
11 

5 

7 

8 

37 

83 

58 
109 
22 
20 
57 
86 

74 
37 
92 
18 
64 
11 


1,000 
acres 
17 
4 
6 
3 
14 

3 

6 
8 
39 
80 

57 
114 
21 
24 
55 
100 

82 
37 
90 
17 
52 
11 


1,000 
acres 
14 
3 
6 
3 
12 

3 

5 

8 

34 

81 

66 
123 
20 
24 
53 
107 

87 
43 
99 
21 
58 
13 


Bush- 
els 
137 
103 

85 
87 
82 

99 
127 
144 
116 

97 

85 
74 
72 
82 
90 
83 

94 
78 
71 
70 
74 
102 


Bush- 
els 
142 
125 
85 
90 
85 

80 
130 
125 
130 

96 

90 
75 
65 
90 
102 
88 

92 
95 
73 
70 
72 
111 


Bush- 
els 
105 
115 
108 
100 
85 

125 
100 
130 
105 
108 

98 
75 
70 
95 
103 
80 

89 
75 
70 
70 
75 
117 


1,000 
bushels 
1,980 
398 
501 
228 
852 

470 

865 

1,205 

4,282 

7,915 

4,898 
8,001 
1,548 
1, 639 
5,126 
7,071 

6,819 
2,828 
6,494 
1.298 
4,748 
1,108 


1,000 
bushels 

2,414 
500 
510 
270 

1,190 

240 

780 
1,000 
5,070 
7,680 

5,130 
8,550 
1,365 
2,160 
5,610 
8,800 

7,544 
3,515 
6,570 
1,190 
3,744 
1,221 


1,000 

bushels 

1,470 


Indiana 


345 




648 


Iowa 


300 


Missouri 


1,020 


Kansas 


375 


Delaware 


500 


Maryland 


1.040 


Virginia 


3,570 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 


8,748 

6,468 
9,225 


Florida 


1,400 


Kentucky 


2,280 


Tennessee 


5,459 


Alabama 


8,560 


Mississippi 


7,743 




3,225 




6,930 


Oklahoma 


1,470 




4,350 


California 


1,521 


United States. 


824 


840 


883 


86.1 


89.3 


86.8 


70, 274 


75, 053 


76,647 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



279 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 

Potatoes 1 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


Group and State 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


.1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Surplus late potato States: 


1,000 acres 
168 
237 
213 


1,000 acres 
170 
227 
205 


1,000 acres 
165 
220 
193 


Bushels 
262 
121 
119 


Bushels 
280 
125 
123 


Bushels 
240 
122 
114 


1,000 bushels 
43, 819 
28, 819 
25, 296 


1,000 bushels 
47, 600 
28, 375 
25, 215 


1,000 bushels 
39, 600 




26, 840 




22,002 




3 Eastern 


618 


602 


578 


158.4 


168.1 


153.0 


97, 933 


101, 190 


88, 442 






Michigan 


278 
266 
342 
126 
51 


278 
247 
237 
114 
i 26 


250 
212 
230 
130 

129 


90 
[90 

I 77 

171 

62 


103 
73 
103 
105 

V 1 59 


120 
90 
90 
75 
56 


25, 267 
23, 923 

26, 596 
8,746 
3,372 


28, 634 
18,031 
24,411 
11,970 
1,534 


30, 000 




19, 080 


Minnesota 


20, 700 


North Dakota 


9,750 


South Dakota 


1,624 






5 Central 


1,062 


902 


851 


82.4 


93.8 


95.4 


87, 905 


84, 580 


81, 154 






Nebraska 


111 

i 21 
t 107 
H 26 

IE ioi 

lit 1. 13. 4 
1|E52 

9k 


t 71 
F19 
124 

25 
106 

12.9 
1 2.3 
[50 
[49 

68 


80 
P 18 

115 

18 
91 
13.6 
2.1 
44 
43 
72 


78 
97 
212 
91 
148 
149 
141 
167 
136 
213 


115 
100 
245 
96 
148 
165 
150 
188 
160 
267 


78 
90 
250 
60 
130 
165 
160 
172 
170 
260 


8,639 
2,029 

22, 685 
2,293 

14, 827 
1,977 
468 
8,641 
5,805 
9,159 


8,165 
1,900 

30, 380 
2,400 

15, 688 
2,128 
345 
9,400 
7,840 

18. 156 


6,240 


Montana .. . 


1,620 


Idaho 


28,750 


Wyoming 


1,080 


Colorado 


11, 830 


Utah 


2,244 


Nevada 


336 


Washington.. 


7,568 


Oregon 


7,310 


California 


18, 720 






10 Western.. 


519.8 


527.2 


496.7 


147.9 


182.9 


172.5 


76, 521 


96, 402 


85, 698 






Total 18 surplus late 


2, 199. 3 


2, 031. 2 


1, 925. 7 


119.3 


138.9 


132.6 


262, 360 


282, 172 


255, 294 






Other late potato States: 

New Hampshire 


9.4 
17.0 
14.8 

3.0 
15.1 


10.2 
16.5 
16.7 
4.3 
17.0 


9.6 
15.7 
15.7 

3.9 
16.5 


t 

151 
135 
126 
156 
146 


145 
133 
135 
195 
170 


135 
120 
130 
160 
140 


1,418 
2,291 
1,872 
482 
2,224 


1,479 
2,194 
2,254 
838 
2,890 


1,296 


Vermont 


1,884 


Massachusetts 


2,041 


Rhode Island 


624 


Connecticut 


2,310 








59.3 


64.7 


61.4 


139.5 


149.2 


132.8 


8,287 


9,655 


8,155 






West Virginia 


38 
127 
61 
49 
78 


32 
118 
54 
40 
60 


32 
118 
52 
39 
58 


84 
98 
86 
77 
80 


102 
85 

100 
78 
82 


85 
107 
95 
98 
98 


3, 150 
12,416 
5,250 
3,809 
6,326 


3,264 
10, 030 
5,400 
3,120 
4,920 


2,720 


Ohio.. 


12, 626 


Indiana 


4.940 


Illinois 


3,822 


Iowa 


5,684 






5 Central 


354 


304 


299 


87.7 


87.9 


99.6 


30, 951 


26, 734 


29. 792 






New Mexico 


5 
3 


6 
2 


7 
2.5 


73 

79 


72 
80 


80 
110 


365 
216 


432 
160 


560 


Arizona 


275 






2 Southwestern 


8 


8 


9.5 


75.6 


74.0 


87.9 


581 


592 


835 






Total 12 other late 


420.6 


376.7 


369.9 


94.8 


98.2 


104.8 


39, 820 


36, 981 


38, 782 




30 late States.. 


2, 620. 


2. 407. 9 


2, 295. 6 


115.4 


132.5 


128.1 


302. 179 


319, 153 


294, 076 




Intermediate potato States: 

New Jersey 


45 
5 
32 
102 
50 
56 
40 


58 
5 
30 
91 
47 
55 
28 


54 
4 
26 
79 
45 
54 
29 


160 
89 
105 
125 
76 
77 
86 


181 
95 
116 
120 
93 
90 
77 


195 
92 
115 
131 
103 
108 
111 


7,203 
475 
3.348 
12, 998 
3,831 
4,306 
3,656 


10, 498 

475 

3,4S0 

10, 920 
4,371 
4, 950 
2,156 


10, 530 


Delaware 


368 


Maryland 


2,990 


Virginia 


10 349 


Kentucky 


4,635 


Missouri 


5.832 


Kansas 


3,219 






Total 7 intermediate 


331 


314 


291 


107.8 


117.4 


130.3 


35,816 


36, 850 


37, 923 




37 late and intermediate 


2, 950. 6 


2, 721. 9 


2, 586. 6 


114.6 


130.8 


128.4 


337, 996 


356, 003 


331 999 






Early potato States: 

North Carolina 


77 
21 
15 
27 
42 
31 
13 
39 
38 
40 
50 


94 
26 
18 
34 
39 
45 
21 
43 
44 
34 
54 


79 
24 
18 
34 
39 
42 
19 
40 
43 
33 
50 


100 
116 
66 
108 
69 
80 
72 
74 
61 
71 
66 


102 
120 
66 
121 
79 
84 
72 
71 
62 
74 
64 


110 
116 

58 
132 
80 
103 
72 
85 
64 
72 
59 


7,729 
2,419 

974 
2,888 
2,945 
2,475 

912 
2,865 
2,344 
2,846 
3,301 


9,588 
3,120 
1,188 
4,114 
3,081 
3,780 
1,512 
3,053 
2,728 
2,516 
3,456 


8,690 
2,784 


South Carolina 


Georgia 


1 044 


Florida 


4,488 


Tennessee 


3 120 


Alabama 


4,326 
1 368 


Mississippi 


Arkansas 


3 400 


Louisiana 


2 752 


Oklahoma 


2 376 


Texas 


2,950 




Total 11 early States 


392 


452 


421 


80.6 


84.4 


88.6 


31,697 


38, 136 


37, 298 




Total United States 


3, 343. 


3, 173. 9 


3, 007. 6 


110.6 


124.2 


122.8 


369, 693 


394, 139 


369, 297 





1 Estimates for each State cover the entire crop, whether commercial or noncommercial, early or late. 



280 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 

Apples 





Production 


Ca 
shipr 


•lot 


State 


Total 


Commercial 






Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 i 


19371 


1938 • 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Crop 

of 
1937 2 


Crop 

of 
1938 3 


Maine 


1,000 

bu. 

1,498 
E61 
758 

2,927 
376 

1,422 

17, 125 
3,484 
9.465 
6,095 

1.840 
4,099 
7,731 
1,660 

841 

1,320 

2,207 

113 

527 

1,074 

1,388 
1,920 
11,533 
5,780 
2,928 

267 
1,000 
1,816 
1,723 

629 

178 

1,394 

19 

379 

130 

489 

4,859 

42 

1,968 

770 

78 

617 

45 

31.372 

4,590 

9.288 


1,000 
bu. 
1,147 
1,204 
1,175 
3,465 
345 

2,122 

24, 340 
5,463 
16, 728 
12. 636 

3,757 
8,960 
14, 432 
2,080 
737 

1,174 

4,214 

44 

477 

1,449 

2,750 
2. «47 
18. 000 
10, 004 
4,505 

363 
1,483 
3.870 
3,354 

878 

219 

2,295 

16 

648 

170 

562 

4, 960 

48 

1, 457 

1,132 

91 

500 

40 

30, 450 

3.900 

10.292 


1,000 

bu. 
858 
623 
475 

2,524 
308 

1,659 
16. 380 
4.067 
9,338 
3.565 

1,410 
2,912 
7.095 
1,107 
694 

1,305 

588 
101 
753 
742 

1,771 
2,118 
10.080 
4.800 
1,961 

245 
964 
801 
654 

672 

192 

364 

17 

. 234 

91 

540 

3,953 

42 

1,982 

547 

83 

544 

46 

31,100 

4,142 

7, 435 


1,000 

bu. 
953 
662 
499 

2,081 
255 

957 
11.444 
2,336 
3,742 
2,964 

812 

2,823 

4,869 

408 

156 

274 
1,337 


1.000 

bu. 
769 
867 
835 

2,598 
255 

1.500 
12, 803 
3,600 
6,500 
6,000 

1,700 

5,900 

8,500 

500 

150 

240 
2,200 


1,000 

bu. 
523 
400 
290 

1,413 
176 

946 
9.800 
2,750 
3.800 
1,950 

633 

1,950 

4.800 

310 

130 

340 
200 


Cars 
8 
4 
212 

40 


Cars 
8 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


12 
32 


Massachusetts.. 

Rhode Island 


370 


Connecticut 


17 
3.844 

124 
1,842 

704 

185 
2,091 
2,493 

281 
16 

20 
934 


350 


New York . 


4 000 


New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 


290 

2,250 

25 


Indiana 


30 


Illinois . 


460 


Michigan 


1 050 


Wisconsin 


90 


Minnesota 


3 


Iowa 


1 


Missouri 


60 


South Dakota 




Nebraska 


232 

725 

1,146 
1.266 
7,609 
3,410 
597 


230 

978 

2.144 

1.750 

10,391 

5,500 

875 


350 

500 

1, 450 
1.350 
6,800 
3,150 
480 


35 

340 

541 

1,176 

8.709 

2, 785 

20 

1 

40 

39 

11 

4 


21 




38 
375 


Delaware 


Marvland 

Virginia.. 


850 
6 500 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina. 


3,500 


Georgia. 


398 
316 
245 


520 
660 
450 


400 
130 
120 


3 


Kentucky 


1 


Tennessee 




Alabama 


1 


Mississippi... 










Arkansas 


845 


1,288 


200 


491 


5 


Louisiana 




Oklahoma 


65 


135 


45 


7 




Texas 




Montana 


330 
3,759 


320 
3,100 


310 
2,500 


78 
4,121 


70 


Idaho 


2,900 


Wyoming 


Colorado 


1,744 
573 

31 

418 


1,116 

818 

38 
310 


1,700 
400 

32 
345 


392 
14 


1 400 


New Mexico 


45 


Arizona 




Utah 


39 


270 


Nevada 




Washington 


24. 892 
2, 905 
4, 945 


22. 450 
2.154 
5, 529 


21, 300 
2, 500 
4.202 


27, 893 
2.361 
3.014 


27, 800 
2 800 


Oregon 


California 


1 900 






United States.. 


150, 728 


210, 783 


131.882 


92, 821 


115.733 


78, 675 


64, 926 


57,510 



1 Includes some quantities in some States not harvested on account of market con- 
ditions. 

2 As reported to the Market News Service, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

3 Estimates of the number of cars that will be moved and reported, including apples 
shipped in bulk for cider and other manufacturing purposes. 



Miscellaneous Fruits and Nuts 





Production 


Crop and State 


Averaee, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Apricots: 

California.. 


Tons 
i 221,600 

18.590 
7, 540 
2,416 

1 21, 200 

11,370 

39, 390 
1,840 

642 

3,118 
3 1,132 

Boxes 
13,650 


Tons 
311,000 

28, 700 
12. 000 
1,610 

28,000 

20. 000 

58. 000 
2,100 

2,230 

5,070 
2,100 

Boxes 
20, 000 


Tons 
176 000 


Figs: 

California: 

Dried 


2 30 500 


Not dried. 


13 000 


Texas, not dried 


1,240 


Olives: 

California. . 


40 000 


Almonds: 

California.. 


12 100 


Walnuts, "English": 
California.. 


44 000 


Oregon 


5 000 


Filberts: 


2,000 

8,800 
2,220 

Boxes 
20 000 


Avocados: 




Pineapples: 







' Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions. 
1 1ncludes figs of substandard grades pooled for diversion from regular commercial 
channels. 
J Short-time average. 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire- 
Vermont 

Massachusetts... 
Rhode Island 



Connecticut... 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania. 
Ohio— 



Indiana... 

Illinois 

Michigan- 
Iowa 

Missouri— 



Nebraska_. 

Kansas 

Delaware.. 
Maryland. 
Virginia... 



West Virginia... 
North Carolina- 
South Carolina- 
Georgia 

Florida 



Kentucky.. 
Tennessee.. 
Alabama... 
Mississippi. 
Arkansas... 



Louisiana.. 
Oklahoma. 

Texas 

Idaho 

Colorado— 



New Mexico- 
Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Washington.. 



Oregon 

California 

Clingstone 2 . 
Freestone 3 -- 



United States '52,498 59,724 '51,945 



Peaches 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1,000 
bushels 



18 



116 

25 

172 

1 1, 348 

1,330 

1,507 

876 

450 

1,424 

1,354 

78 

672 

40 
123 
271 
374 

767 

299 

1,813 

1,095 

' 5, 824 

63 

452 
1,214 
1,252 

750 
1,584 

240 
494 

1,219 
146 

1,013 

67 

63 

534 

4 

■1,019 

205 
i 22, 135 

1 14, 504 
1 7, 572 



1937 



1,000 
bushels 



24 



107 

27 

177 
1,806 
1,651 
2,673 
1,296 

402 

2,117 

2,652 

87 

1,728 

38 

232 

398 

448 

1,599 

528 

1,984 

1,080 

2,730 

36 

1,369 

1,860 

990 

474 

2,288 

269 

1,073 

1,392 

14 

1,533 

92 

47 

72 

3 

935 

241 
23, 252 
15, 418 
7,834 



1938 



1,000 
bushels 



140 
1,134 
1,172 
1,842 

481 

144 

1,425 

1,341 

90 

116 

72 

43 

304 

352 

1,161 

184 
2,232 
1,515 
5,320 



352 

586 

1,705 

1,061 

2,451 

325 
429 
964 
181 
1,388 

51 

22 

564 

6 

1,428 

327 

1 20, 835 

1 13, 459 

7,376 



Pears 



Production 



Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 



1,000 
bushels 
12 
13 
8 
70 
10 

44 

1,300 

90 

569 

538 

296 
493 
892 
90 
322 

37 
157 
20 
97 
294 

51 
232 

98 
242 

81 

169 
223 
270 
256 

141 

102 
124 

354 

61 
307 

39 

13 

81 

4 

' 4, 142 

'2,910 
1 9, 076 



1937 



1,000 
bushels 



1,305 

56 

817 



630 

1999 

1,380 

144 

684 

43 

282 

10 

73 

416 

111 

281 

72 

244 

U27 

411 
284 
211 
157 
214 

70 
141 
412 

50 
153 



64 

4 

i 5, 600 

i 3, 550 
i 9, 334 



'24,326 '29,548 132,259 



1938 



1,000 
bushels 
13 
15 
7 
75 
11 

49 
1,924 

57 
657 
634 

366 

429 

1,360 

104 

66 

54 

58 

7 

82 

334 

35 
364 
129 
404 
156 

135 
186 
383 
462 
156 



440 

67 

251 

27 

6 

127 

4 

6,278 

4,326 
'11,751 



i Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions. 
2 Mainly for canning. 
3 Mainly for drying. 

Cherries 





Production i 


State 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 




Tons 
2 17, 275 


Tons 
21, 750 


Tons 
16, 360 






Sweet 


3 2, 188 
3 16, 849 


1.770 
19, 980 


1,440 


Sour _.- — 


14, 920 








• 3 7, 308 
3 4, 499 
20, 838 


9,890 

7,340 

35, 840 


6,560 


Ohio 


3,630 




14. 940 










2,287 
33. 553 


2,240 






12. 700 










7, 664 

474 

2.775 

3,300 

3,108 

2 14, 230 

2 12. 780 

2 18. 420 


13, 5011 

340 

1,600 

3,400 

2.100 

13, 500 

13, 800 

21, 600 


9,440 




470 




2,490 




5,280 


Utah 


4,270 




25. 500 




21,400 


California 


2 28. 800 


12 States... 


2 116.309 


144. 720 


2 139. 140 



' Production includes both sweet and sour cherries. 

2 Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions. 

3 Short-time average. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



281 



Statistics of Important Crops, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 
Grapes Plums and Prunes 



State 



Maine 

New Hampshire- 
Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York. 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio .... 



Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan.. 
Wisconsin. 
Minnesota. 

Iowa 

Missouri... 
Nebraska- 
Kansas 

Delaware... 



Maryland 

Virginia. 

West Virginia.. 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama. 

Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma. 

Texas. 



Idaho. 

Colorado 

New Mexico. 
Arizona 



Utah... 

Nevada 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

Wine varieties. . 
Raisin varieties. 

Dried 2 

Not dried 

Table varieties- 



United States- 12,196,516 



Production 



Average 
1927-36 



Tons 
32 
83 
36 

571 
270 

1,882 
73, 690 

3,000 
21, 530 
27, 200 

3,820 

5, 900 

61, 020 

358 

248 

5,930 
9,110 
2,430 
3,840 
2.030 

713 
2,150 
1,248 
5,654 
1,319 

1, 250 
779 
1,489 
1.650 
1,092 

271 

9, 690 

52 

2,925 

2,180 

539 

477 

983 

1,168 

1,008 

99 

5,120 

2,280 

1 1, 929, 400 
1 450, 100 

1 1, 126, 400 

213, 470 

1 272, 500 

1 352, 900 



1937 



Tons 

30 
120 

50 
900 
370 

2,520 
i 89, 100 

4,000 
26, 000 
37, 800 

5,300 

8, 600 

1 67, 200 

450 

250 

5,000 
12, 300 
1,800 
3, 400 
2,200 

750 

3,000 

1,900 

1 8. 100 

1,990 

1,860 

710 
2,960 
2,650 
1,680 

320 

12, 800 

50 

4,000 

2,900 

470 

570 

1,180 

560 

630 

100 

4, 100 

2,100 

2, 454, 000 
631, 000 

1,407,000 
246, 900 
419. 000 
416, 000 



1 2, 776, 770 



1938 



Tons 

30 

70 

40 

540 

220 

1,960 
55. 600 
2.800 

15, 700 
9,800 

2,200 
6, 300 

16, 900 
430 
270 

5, 000 
6,200 
3,100 
3,100 
1,500 

580 

2,000 

430 

6, 600 
1,670 
1,660 

820 
2, 390 
1,590 
1.400 

250 

4,800 

50 

2, 500 

2,000 

580 

650 

1,240 

730 

860 

100 

5,200 

2,400 

2,331,000 
589, 000 

1, 339, 000 

3 267, 000 

271,000 

403, 000 



2. 503. 200 



i Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions. 
' Dried basis: 1 ton of dried raisins equivalent to 4 tons of fresh grapes. 
3 Includes raisins held in "reserve stabilization pool. " 

Condition of Citrus Fruits and Olives Dec. 1, 1938, With 

parisons 



Com- 



Crop and State 



Oranges: 

California, all 

Valencias 

Navels and miscellaneous. 

Florida, all 

Tangerines 

Satsumas 

Texas 

Arizona 

Alabama 

Mississippi... 

Louisiana 

7 States.. 

Grapefruit: 

Florida, all... 

California 

Texas 

Arizona — . 

4 States 

Lemons: 

California 

Limes: 

Florida 



Olives: 

California. 



Condition Dec. 1- 



Average, 
1927-36 



Percent 
74 



72 

70 

63 

159 

'81 



i 82 
73 

68 
i 78 
1 53 



»58 



1937 



Percent 

77 



1938 



Percent 

77 
76 
79 
80 
79 
70 
83 
74 
80 
100 
94 
78 

83 
76 
81 



i Short-time, average. 

s Production in percentage of a full crop. 

115651— 39 i 





Production 


Crop and State 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 




FRESH BASrs 


Plums: 

Michigan 


Tons 

5,600 
1 60, 900 


Tons 

5, 800 
66, 000 


Tons 
2,900 
64, 000 


California. . . _. 




2 States.. __ 


1 66, 500 


71, 800 


66, 900 




Prunes: 

Fresh use: 

Idaho . . 


1 19, 470 
14, 520 
14. 420 


12, 900 
10, 400 
11,000 


15, 400 
16, 200 


Washington 


Oregon _ 


15,000 




3 States 


1 48,410 


34, 300 


46, 600 






Canned: ! 

Washington 


3,330 
11, 270 


4,500 
22, 500 


3,000 


Oregon _. 


18, 000 




2 States.. 


14, 600 


27, 000 


21 000 








DRY B4SIS 


Dried:' 

Washington 


3,780 
25, 250 
196, 200 


700 

6,500 

249, 000 


1 100 


Oregon 


15,000 
4 221,000 


California 






3 States 


225, 230 


256, 200 


4 237 100 







i Includes some quantities not harvested on account of market conditions. 

2 Includes small quantities for cold packing. 

3 To convert California dried prunes to fresh basis, multiply by 2H. In Washing- 
ton and Oregon, the ratio ranges from 3 to 4 (fresh) to 1 dried. 

4 Includes standard and substandard prunes held in reserve pools. In addition to 
the 221,000 tons of dried prunes, an equivalent of 60,000 tons (dry basis) was not 
harvested because of market conditions and 4,000 tons (dry basis) were lost in drying 
pruci's; 



Pecans 





Production 


State 


Improved va- 
rieties i 


Wild or seedling 
varieties 


All varieties 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


A ver- 

age, 

1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


A ver- 

age, 

1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Illinois 


1,000 
lb. 


1,600 

lb. 

5 

26 

850 

1,010 

7.810 

1,150 

3, 050 

4, 330 
625 

1,530 

724 

1, 250 


1,000 

lb. 

2 

7 

880 

990 

7,553 

1,437 

2.052 

2. 1 17 

290 

1,020 

126 

895 


1,000 

lb. 

152 

856 

257 

156 

573 

309 

357 

2,142 

3,041 

3, 395 

12, 286 

22, 543 


1,000 

lb. 

254 

790 

300 

160 

590 

308 

550 

3,846 

4, 640 

3, 655 

13, 100 

25, 750 


1,000 

lb. 

73 

141 

308 

110 

569 

337 

228 

2,147 

1,950 

2,380 

1,974 

18, 950 


1,000 

lb. 

152 

870 

803 

935 

6,670 

1,367 

2,628 

4, 333 

3,289 

4,327 

12, 520 

23, 380 


1,000 
lb. 
259 
816 
1,150 
1,160 
8,400 
1,458 

4, 200 
8,176 

5, 265 
5, 185 

13, 824 
27, 000 


1,000 
lb. 
75 




14 

546 

779 

6,097 

1,058 

2,271 

2,191 

248 

932 

234 

837 


148 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 


1,188 
1,100 
8, 122 




1,774 




2,280 


Mississippi 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


4, 294 
2,240 
3. 400 
2, 100 
19, 845 






12 States 


15,207 


22. 960 


it :vm 


46, 067 


53, 933 


29, 167 


61, 274 


76, 893 


46. 566 



i Budded, grafted, or topworkcd varieties 



Cranberries 





Acreage harvested 


Yield per acre 


Production 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Massachusetts 


Acres 

13, 760 

11,000 

2,220 

531 

143 


Acres 

13, 700 

11,000 

2,400 

600 

150 


Acres 

13, 700 

11,000 

2,400 

700 

150 


Bbl. 

28.3 
9.4 
23.1 
25.0 
33.7 


Bbl. 
41.2 
15.9 
47.9 
30.8 
25.3 


Bbl. 

21.9 

6.4 

26.7 
23.0 
48.0 


Bbl. 

389, 800 

103, 500 

51, 100 

13, 080 

4,710 


Bbl. 

565, 000 

175, 000 

115,000 

18, 500 

3,800 


Bbl. 

300, 000 
70, 000 




64, 000 


Washington 


16, 100 
7,200 






5 States 


27, 654 


27. 850 


27. 950 


20.3 


31.5 


16.4 


562, 190 


877, 300 


457, 300 



282 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Truck Crops, Commercial (for Market and for Canning or Manufacture): Acreage, by States, 1937 

and 1938, With Comparisons 





For market ' 


For canning or manufacture ' 


Total 3 


State and division 


10-year 
average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10-year 
averaee, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10-year 
average, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 




Acres 


Acres 


Acres 


Acres 

14, 180 

890 

1,580 

460 

290 

84, 030 

36, 320 

18, 140 


Acres 

23, 300 

750 

1,430 

600 

380 

98, 800 

52, 950 

34,610 


Acres 

18, 660 

420 

1,330 

680 

440 

91,750 

53. 560 

36, 120 


Acres 

14, 180 

890 

1,580 

5,590 

290 

151.730 

132, 660 

32, 830 


Acres 

23, 300 

750 

1,430 

6, 100 

380 

167,490 

157. 720 

58, 230 


Acres 
18, 660 










420 


Vermont 








1,330 




5,130 


5,500 


4,950 


6,630 




440 




67, 700 
96, 340 
14, 690 


68, 690 
101,770 
23, 620 


76, 680 
100, 750 
23, 630 


168, 430 


New Jersey _ 


154, 310 


Pennsylvania.- 


59, 750 






North Atlantic 


183. 860 


202. 580 


206, 010 


155, 890 


212. 820 


202, 960 


339. 750 


415,400 


408. 970 


Ohio 


11,980 

24, 870 
20, 530 

25, 380 
12,400 

5,420 
6,980 
16. 720 


11), 280 
26, 640 
19,290 
30, 850 
11,210 
6, 330 
5,660 
21, 750 


9,730 
27, 260 
19, 840 
36, 810 
12, 320 
6,400 
5, 620 
21, 600 


47, 180 

120, 930 

85, 450 

50, 090 

136, 680 

64, 200 

45, 610 

17,890 

350 

4,810 

640 


56, 840 

153, 290 

120, 390 

69, 070 

178, 100 

100, 290 

66, 210 

17, 440 

610 

4,090 

850 


58, 600 
133, 500 

83,690 

59. 950 
154, 350 

77, 300 
42, 850 
16,510 

690 
2,310 

750 


59, 160 

145, 800 

105, 980 

75, 470 

149, 080 

69, 620 

52, 690 

34, 610 

350 

4,810 

1,050 


07. 121) 

179, 930 

139, 680 

99, 920 

189, 310 

106, 620 

71,770 

39, 190 

610 

4,090 

1,250 


68, 330 


Indiana 


160, 760 


Illinois 


103, 530 


Michigan 


96, 760 




166,670 




83, 700 




48, 470 


Missouri 


38,110 


South Dakota - 


690 










2,310 




410 


400 


400 


1,150 


North Central 


124.690 


132.310 


139. 980 


573, 830 


767, 080 


630, 500 


698, 520 


S99, 390 


770, 480 


Delaware 


7,070 
28, 040 
34, 170 


9, 200 
32. 070 
38, 770 


10, 100 
33, 990 
39, 820 


26, 630 
106, 020 

27, 520 
1,150 
1,700 
1.850 
7, 980 
1,950 


32, 090 
136,800 

44, 420 
1,100 
6,800 
1,300 

14,460 
3, 950 


29, 310 

126, 740 

38, 760 

800 

5,700 

3,000 

21,040 

4,350 


33, 700 
134, 060 
61,690 
1,150 
40, 850 
55, 190 
93, 060 
136, 140 


41, 290 
168, 870 

83, 190 
1,100 

60, 320 

64, 950 
102, 510 
155, 600 


39,410 




160, 730 


Virginia 


78, 580 


West Virginia. 


800 


North Carolina.. 


39, 150 
53, 340 
85, 080 
134, 190 


53, 520 
63, 650 
88, 050 
151,650 


52, 200 
67, 770 
87, 150 
171,400 


57,900 


South Carolina 


70, 770 




108, 159 


Florida 


175, 700 






South Atlantic ._ .. 


381.040 


436, 910 


462, 430 


174, 800 


240, 920 


229, 700 


555, 840 


677, 830 


692, 130 


Kentucky _ _ 


2.681) 
12, 230 
13,810 

26, 730 
13,010 

27, 680 
6,690 

219, 130 


2, 750 
11,460 
16, 450 
34, 100 
14,300 
37, 220 
11,600 
287, 930 


2, 760 
11, 150 
18, 100 
33, 870 
15. 100 
37, 660 
11,600 
277, 130 


6, 830 
16, 050 
1,520 
6, 850 
18, 580 
2, 700 
2,150 
5,280 


4,560 
16,950 
2,140 
9,770 
18, 050 
3,680 
4,340 
26, 600 


4, 220 
15.210 
2, 000 
8,000 
22, 050 
3,300 
4,810 
25, 050 


9, 510 
28, 280 
15, 330 
33. 580 
32, 190 
30, 380 
8, 840 
224,410 


7,310 
28, 410 
18, 590 
43, 870 
32, 350 
40, 900 
15, 940 
314,530 


6,980 


Tennessee 


26, 360 


Alabama 


20, 100 




41, 870 




37, 150 




40, 960 




16, 410 




302, 180 








322, 560 


415,810 


407, 370 


59, 960 


86. 090 


84, 640 


382, 520 


501,900 


492,010 


Montana 








3,420 

2,090 

860 

9,790 

500 

10 

16, 960 


3, 910 

3,970 

750 

13.310 

700 

50 

22, 840 


3,170 

4,370 

770 

10, 450 

900 

50 

22, 450 


3,420 

7,090 

860 

50, 010 

3,180 

41,840 

19, 950 

560 

26, 290 

15,070 

433, 060 


3,910 

13, 920 

750 

58. 660 

2,850 

42, 640 

27, 470 

470 

53, 140 

41,670 

514, 770 


3, 170 


Idaho 


5,000 


9,950 


8.620 


12, 990 


Wyoming.. _ 


770 




40, 220 

2,680 

41,830 

2,990 

560 

18, 380 

8,560 

329, 650 


45, 350 
2,150 
42, 590 
4,630 
470 
23, 330 
12, 080 
362, 740 


49. 630 

1,950 

44, 270 

4, 920 

410 

21, 930 

12, 430 

346, 410 


60, 080 


New Mexico 


2,850 


Arizona 


44, 320 


Utah... 


27, 370 




410 


Washington 


7,910 

6,510 

103, 410 


29, 810 
29, 590 
152, 030 


31. 600 
27, 140 
110, 640 


53, 530 


Oregon 


39, 570 


California 


457, 050 






Far Western 


449. 870 


503. 290 


490. 570 


151.460 


256, 960 


211,540 


601, 330 


760, 250 


702,110 


Total, all States ....'. 


1, 462, 020 


1, 690, 900 


1,700,360 


1,115,940 


1, 563, 870 


1, 359, 340 


2, 577, 960 


3, 254, 770 


3, 065, 700 







1 Crops grown for market: Artichokes, asparagus, lima beans, snap beans, beets, cabbage, cantaloups, carrots, cauliflower, celery, sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, kale, 
lettuce, onions, green peas, green peppers, spinach, tomatoes, and watermelons. 

! Crops grown for canning or manufacture- Asparagus, lima beans, snap beans, beets, cabbage (kraut), sweet corn, cucumbers (pickles), green peas, pimientos, spinach, 
and tomatoes. 

3 Combined acreages of crops grown for market and for canning or manufacture. 



Citrus Fruits 



Crop and State 


Production > 


Crop and State 


Production ' 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


Indicated 
1938 


Average, 
1927-36 


1937 


Indicated 
1938 


Oranges: 

California, all 


1,000 boxes 
32, 397 


1,000 boxes 

45,605 


1,000 boxes 
45, 660 


Grapefruit: 


1,000 boxes 
12, 194 


1,000 boxes 
14, 600 


1,000 boxes 
21, 000 


Valencias 


17, 526 
14,871 


2s, 925 
16, 680 


28, 860 
16, 800 




» 4, 225 
> 9, 650 


5,500 
9,100 






7,500 




Other 


13, 500 


Florida, all 


16. 121 


26, 7011 


2.1.500 






1,422 

2,410 

746 


1,943 
11,800 
2,750 


1,896 
15,000 


Early and midsoason 


-' 10,475 
a 6, 300 
! 2, 275 


13,700 
10, 700 
2,300 


15, 500 
11,200 
2,800 


Texas 


Tangerines 


Arizona 


2, 800 


Texas 


540 

151 

81 

37 

251 


1,440 

350 

76 

67 

238 


2,200 
360 
96 
80 
385 


4 States 4 


16, 772 


31, 093 


40, 696 




Lemons: 




Alabama 3 


7,487 
12 


9,355 
70 






11 097 




Limes: 






95 




49, 577 


74, 476 


78,281 





' Estimates of production include fruit consumed on farms, sold locally, and used for manufacturing purposes, as well as that shipped. Fruit ripened on the trees but 
destroyed by freezing or storms prior to picking is not included. The indicated production of 1938 is based on reported prospects on Dec. 1. The estimates cover the crop 
produced from the bloom of the year shown. In California the picking season adopted extends from Nov. 1 to Oct. 31. In other States the season begins about Sept. 1. 

1 Short-time average. 

3 Production estimated in terms of standard boxes, each equal to about 2 of the "balfstraps" commonly used. 

1 Net content of boxes varies. In California and Arizona the approximate average for oranges is 70 pounds net and grapefruit 60 pounds; in Florida and other States 
oranges 90 pounds and grapefruit 80 pounds; California lemons, about 76 pounds net. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



283 



Statistics of Truck Crops for Shipment, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons 

Estimates of the Commercial Acreage, Yield Per Acre, and Production of Specified Truck Crops Grown Primarily for Shipment 



Artichokes 





Acreage 


Yield per acre ' 


Production 


Group and State 


10-year 
aver- 
age, 

1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


California 


Acres 
8,160 


Acres 
10, 100 


Acres 
9,700 


Boxes 
114 


Boxes 

80 


Boxes 
90 


1,000 

boxes 

932 


1,000 

boxes 

808 


1,000 

boxes 

873 



Asparagus 



Early: 

California.. 

Georgia 


23, 480 
4, 110 
8,530 


23, 510 
2,700 
8,800 


24, 000 
2,100 
8,000 


Crt. 
100 
24 
40 


Crt. 
95 

28 
45 


Crt. 
80 
30 
46 


1,000 

crates 

2, 293 

97 

334 


1,000 

crates 

2,233 

76 

396 


1,000 

crates 

1,920 

63 


South Carolina 


368 


Group total 


36, 120 


35,010 


34, 100 


75 


77 


69 


2,724 


2,705 


2, 351 


Late: 
Delaware. 


1,110 
4,040 

250 
2,120 
3 2, 090 
1,150 
3 120 
9,310 

540 
2,280 
2, 060 


1,200 

3,600 

300 

2,400 

1, 950 

1,550 

80 

11, 000 

950 

2,680 

3, 600 


1,300 
3,600 
240 
2,500 
1,900 
1,550 

12, 100 
1,000 
2,800 
4, 200 


85 
55 
58 

102 

3 93 
73 

3 58 
98 

104 
92 

105 


115 
80 
30 

135 
93 

120 
32 

105 

140 
98 

150 


115 
80 
65 

130 
88 

110 

142 
130 

100 
105 


94 
220 

14 

218 

3 193 

85 

37 
915 

58 
214 
224 


138 
288 

9 
324 
181 
186 

3 

1,155 

133 

263 

540 


150 


Illinois.. 


288 




16 




325 


Massachusetts 

Michigan 


167 
170 


Nevada 




New Jersey 


1,718 
130 


Pennsylvania 

Washington.. 


280 
441 


Group total 


24, 840 


29,310 


31, 190 


89 


110 


118 


2,222 


3,220 


3, 685 


Total, all States. 


60. 960 


64, 320 


65, 290 


81 


92 


92 


4, 94C 


5,925 


6,036 



Snap Beans 



Fall: * 
Florida 


11,310 

2, 060 


18, 200 
3,100 


12, 500 

2, 500 


Bu. 

88 
54 


Bu. 

100 
60 


Bu. 

no 

40 


1,000 

bu. 
' 1,046 

5 101 


1,000 
bu. 
1,820 
186 


1,000 

bu. 
1,375 


Texas 


100 


Group total 


13,370 


21, 300 


15. 000 


82 


94 


98 


1,147 


2,006 


1,475 


Early (1): 

Florida (winter)... 
Early (2): 

California 


15, 720 

5, 520 
16, 300 
6,810 


28, 900 

7,500 
11, 700 
4,200 


30, 000 

7,900 
18, 200 
4, 500 


91 

120 
79 

75 


62 

110 
92 

70 


85 

130 
80 
60 


1,412 

664 

« 1,267 

5 496 


1,792 

825 

1,076 
294 


2, 550 
1,027 


Florida (spring)... 
Texas. 


1, 456 
270 


Group total 


28, 630 


23, 400 


30, 600 


85 


94 


90 


2,427 


2,195 


2,753 


Second Early: 
Alabama . _ 


970 
2,990 
7,530 
3,930 
5, 880 


900 
4,500 
9,200 
4, 900 
7, 000 


1,000 
4,000 
10, 100 
5,000 
8.000 


63 

56 
67 
66 
63 


55 
40 
55 
50 
30 


75 
70 
57 
54 

40 


59 

« 155 

507 

255 

5 352 


50 
180 
506 
245 
210 


75 


Georgia __ 


5 280 




593 


Mississippi 

South Carolina 


270 

320 


Group total 


21,300 


26, 500 


28,400 


62 


45 


54 


1,328 


1,191 


1, 538 


Intermediate (1): 
Arkansas 


1,310 

7,870 
1,460 
3,860 


2,300 
13, 700 
1.300 
7,400 


2,600 

12, 500 

1,400 

8.500 


52 
77 
67 
98 


60 
30 
70 
55 


55 
50 
100 

70 


68 

! 545 

100 

3 340 


138 

411 

91 

407 


143 


North Carolina 

Tennessee 


625 
140 


Virginia 


595 


Group total 


14, 500 


24, 700 


25, 000 


77 


42 


60 


1,053 


1,047 


1,503 


Intermediate (2): 

Delaware _. 

Illinois 


250 
1,420 
4, 080 
6,180 


100 
1,600 
3,900 
6,200 


100 
1, 800 
4,100 
5, 500 


96 
46 
92 
116 


100 
60 
75 

115 


95 
60 
70 
115 


24 

62 

370 

720 


10 
80 
292 
713 


10 
108 


Mary la nd 


287 


New Jersey 


632 


Group total.. . 


11,930 


11,800 


11,500 


99 


93 


90 


1,176 


1,095 


1,037 


Late (1): 
Colorado 


' 1, 740 

3 600 

3 2, 320 

3 1, 650 


3,100 

900 

3,560 

3, 000 


2,900 
1,080 
4,100 
2,610 


3 153 

3 81 

3 no 

3 144 


120 
80 
123 
150 


140 
110 
175 

185 


3 261 
3 46 
3 244 
3 236 


372 

72 

438 

450 


406 


Michigan 


119 


New Y'ork.. 


718 


Pennsylvania 


483 


Group total 


3 5, 280 


10, 560 


10. 690 


■' 145 


126 


161 


3 674 


1,332 


1,726 


Late (2): 
California 


3 2, 220 

3,510 

3 840 

780 

6,320 

590 

750 

1.980 


4.650 

3,100 

700 

1,100 

5,800 

500 

500 

3,200 


4,750 

2, 300 

750 

820 

5,100 

1,000 

800 

3.600 


3 179 
56 
»84 
44 
06 
68 
89 
89 


180 
50 
50 
44 
90 
80 
60 
70 


155 
60 
80 
35 
88 
40 
SO 
50 


3 400 
195 

3 72 
35 

609 
40 

5 67 

164 


837 

155 
35 
48 

522 
40 
25 

224 


736 


Louisiana 


138 


Maryland 

Mississippi 

New Jersey 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Virginia 


60 
29 

449 
40 
64 

180 


Group total 


16, 600 


19, 550 


19,120 


92 


96 


89 


1,527 


1, 886 


1,696 


Total, all States.. 


126, 800 


166, 710 


170,310 


85 


75 


84 


10, 677 


12,544 


14, 278 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Lima Beans 





Acreage 


Yield per acre > 


Production 


Group and State 


10- 
year 

av- 
erage, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
av- 
erage, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 

av- 
erage, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Fall: • 
Texas.. 


Acres 
3 270 


Acres 


Acres 


Bu. 

3 77 

46 

1,11 


Bu. 


Bu,. 


1,000 
bu. 
3 25 

64 
71 


1,000 
bu. 


1,000 
bu. 


Early: 
Florida 


2,400 

1,400 
1.200 


4, 500 

800 
1,400 


65 

40 
50 


75 

50 

1110 


156 

56 
60 


338 


Second early: 
Georgia 


1.460 

1, I7ii 


40 


South Carolina 


140 


Group total 


2,630 


2,600 


2,200 


53 


45 


82 


135 


116 


180 


Intermediate (1): 
North Carolina 

Intermediate (2): 
Maryland 


1,050 

3 1,170 
2,980 

790 


1,800 

1,000 
3,700 

400 


1,500 

1,100 
3,100 

300 


52 

3 58 
75 

63 


30 

60 
70 

70 


60 

60 
60 

40 


57 

3 69 
222 

51 


54 

60 
259 

28 


90 
66 


New Jersey 

Virginia, Eastern 
Shore 


186 
12 






Group total 


4,820 


5.100 


4, 500 


71 


68 


59 


335 


347 


264 


Late: 
Virginia, Eastern 


3 1, 040 


800 


650 


3 45 


20 


50 


3 54 


lfi 


32 






Total, all States. 


9.430 


12, 700 


13, 350 


63 


54 


68 


583 


689 


904 



Beets 



Early: 
Texas 


5,180 

1,870 
3 310 
3 100 


4, 800 

1, 730 
100 
80 


6,100 

1,550 
100 

150 


158 

110 
3 146 
3 256 


155 

156 
120 

250 


140 

140 
100 
300 


1772 

194 
3» 51 

3 27 


744 

270 
12 
20 


854 


Second early: 


217 


Mississippi 

South Carolina 


10 
45 


Group total 


2,240 


1,910 


1.800 


121 


158 


151 


261 


302 


272 


Intermediate: 

New Jersey 

North Carolina 


1,500 
430 

3 470 


1,620 
400 

500 


1,700 
200 

700 


276 

221 

3 300 


200 
250 
300 


250 
300 
310 


421 

5 100 

3 138 


324 
100 
150 


425 
•60 
217 






Group total 


2,300 


2,520 


2, 600 


273 


228 


270 


631 


574 


702 


Late: 
Pennsylvania 


3 320 


360 


370 


3 341 


310 


270 


8 112 


112 


100 


Total, all States. 


9.9S0 


9,590 


10, 870 


175 


181 


177 


1,753 


1, 732 


1,928 



Cantaloups 



Early: 
California, Ira- 


37, 430 
420 


29, 890 
300 


28, 000 

701) 


Crt. 
148 
60 


Crt. 
176 
55 


Crt. 
184 

75 


1,000 

crates 

5 5,487 

24 


1,000 

crates 

5,261 

16 


1,000 
crates 
5 5,152 


Florida 


52 


Group total 


37,850 


30, 190 


28, 700 


147 


175 


LSI 


5,511 


5,277 


5,204 


Second early: 


10, 980 

3.140 

12, 460 

1.890 

150 

2.410 

620 

1,660 

4,930 


9,430 
2,200 
9,000 
6,000 
250 
5,600 
1.200 
3,300 
5, 200 


10, 000 
2,200 

10, 550 
7, 200 
300 
6,000 
1,000 
3,500 
5,400 


149 

62 
181 
74 
125 
82 
71 
84 
69 


120 
65 

201 
40 

108 
70 
55 
50 
70 


164 
65 

188 
50 

107 
40 
80 
50 

.65 


s 1, 622 

204 

i 2, 240 

123 

19 

192 

42 

5 131 

5 325 


1,132 
143 

1,809 
240 

27 
392 

66 
165 
364 


5 1,640 




143 


California, other... 


1,983 
360 




32 


North Carolina 

Oklahoma.. 

South Carolina 

Texas 


240 
80 
175 
351 


Group total 


38, 240 


42, 180 


46, 150 


130 


103 


108 


4,898 


4,338 


5,004 


Intermediate: 


2,680 
910 
5,140 
7,430 
1,780 
3 280 
1. 930 


3,600 
1,000 
7,400 
8, 500 
1,200 

"2,666 


3,800 
1,000 
7,800 
9,400 
1,100 

"i,"™ 


116 
75 
93 
102 
122 
3 73 
128 


110 
53 
80 

100 

90 

"160 


80 
53 
50 

75 
95 

"ill 


318 
72 
472 
760 
5 216 
3 20 
252 


396 
53 
592 
850 
108 


304 




53 




390 




705 


New Mexico . 


104 


Washington :.. 


320 


264 


Group total 


20, 120 


23, 70(1 


24,800 


in:, 


98 


73 


2,108 


2,319 


1,820 


Late: 
Colorado 


8,380 

740 

420 

3,880 

190 

4, 150 

3 620 

3 660 

3 450 


7,000 
700 
400 

4,650 
20 

4,100 
750 
850 
750 


9, 300 
650 
400 

5,100 

4,300 
750 
750 

750 


157 

84 

98 

112 

112 

103 

3 99 

3 152 

3 128 


130 
90 
90 

110 
80 

120 
80 

165 

120 


170 
133 

75 
120 

75 
100 
110 
132 


1,355 
63 
42 
432 
23 
436 

3 61 

3 100 
3 52 


910 
63 
36 

512 
2 

492 
60 

140 
90 


» 1, 581 




86 




30 
612 






New Jersey 

Ohio. 


322 

75 


Oregon.. 


82 


Utah -. 


99 


Group total—. 


19, 050 


19. 220 


22, 000 


132 


120 


131 


2,511 


2,305 


2,887 


Total, all 
States 


115, 200 


115,290 


121, 650 


131 


124 


123 


15, 028 


14, 239 


14, 915 



284 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Truck Crops for Shipment, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 

Cabbage for Market and Kraut 





Acreage 


Yield per acre • 




Production 




Group and State 


10-year 
average 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10-year 
average 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10-year 
average 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


Fall: * 

South Carolina.. 


Acres 
860 
150 


Acres 
2,700 
100 


Acres 
2,000 
100 


Tons 
7.0 
4.0 


Tons 
7.0 
5.5 


Tons 
6.5 
5.5 


Tons 
5,900 
600 


Tons 
18, 900 
600 


Tons 
13 000 




600 








1,010 


2,800 


2,100 


6.5 


7.0 


6.5 


6,500 


19, 500 


13 600 






Early: 


5,620 

5,960 

3,850 

24,780 


8,200 
8,500 
5,500 
36, 000 


7,700 
9,400 
5,000 
24,000 


6.2 
5.7 
4.0 
5.3 


6.4 
6.0 
3.3 
4.3 


7.7 
6.5 
4.2 
4.0 


8 35, 700 

8 33, 800 

14, 500 

8 135, 500 


52, 500 
8 51, 000 

IS, 200 
154, 800 


59 300 




61, 100 




8 21 000 




96, 000 








40, 210 


58, 200 


46, 100 


5.5 


4.8 


5.1 


219, 500 


276, 500 


237, 400 




Second early: 


2,060 
1,430 
4,170 
1, 060 
2,700 
4,340 


1,400 
3,100 
6,400 
1,800 
2,500 
3,400 


1,400 
2,800 
6.900 
2,200 
4,000 
3,300 


5.7 
5.0 
4.9 
4.5 
8.3 
4.5 


6.0 
4.5 
5.0 
4.0 
8.0 
5.2 


5.0 
5.0 
5.4 
8.0 
9.0 
5.0 


8 11, 600 
6,300 

« 20, 700 
4,500 

8 22, 200 
19, 600 


8,400 
14, 000 
32, 000 

7,200 

20, oao 
8 17, 800 


7,000 

14 000 






37, 300 
8 17, 600 
8 36, 000 

16, 600 














1,720 
2,620 


1,600 
1,800 


1,700 
1,600 


5.0 

4.2 


5.5 
5.0 


5.5 
4.5 


8,600 
11, 000 


» 8, 800 
8 9, 000 


9 400 


Norfolk - 


7,200 








15, 760 


18, 600 


20, 600 


5.4 


5.3 


6.2 


84, 900 


99, 400 


128 500 






Intermediate: 


3 250 
2,660 
1,510 

260 
2,720 
1, 150 
5,470 

620 

1,720 

3 3, 290 

730 
2,570 
3,600 
1,880 






3 4.1 
6.7 
5.6 
5.9 
5.2 
5.5 
5.7 
6.3 
9.8 

3 5.1 
6.3 
5.7 
5.1 
7.9 






3 1, 000 
16, 600 

8,500 

1,500 
13,700 

6,100 
31,100 

3,800 

16, 800 

3 18, 000 

5,000 

14, 600 

1 17, 000 

14, 800 








3,100 
1,200 

300 
2,800 
1,200 
6,300 

750 
2,300 
5, 700 

600 
3,700 
4,300 
1,500 


3,200 
1,100 

300 
2,800 
1,200 
6,900 

700 
2,300 
6,000 

540 
3,700 
3,800 
1,600 


6.5 

7.5 
6.5 
6.0 
5.5 
5.7 
5.3 
8.0 
7.11 
8.8 
6.8 
7.0 
6.5 


7.5 
8.5 
7.0 
7.0 
6.5 
6.0 
5.0 
8.4 
5.5 
9.0 
7.2 
6.0 
5.0 


20, 200 
9, 000 
2.000 

16, 800 
6,600 

35, 900 
4,000 

18, 400 

39, 900 
5,300 

25, 200 

30, 100 
9,800 


8 24, 000 




9,400 




2 100 




19, 600 




7,800 




41 400 




3 500 




19,300 

33, 000 

4 900 








26, 600 
22, 800 
8,000 










28,080 


33, 750 


34, 140 


6.1 


6.6 


6.5 


166, 800 


223, 200 


222, 400 




Late domestic: 


1,560 
2,480 
4,050 
1,270 
10,410 
3,450 
1,430 
3,940 
480 
8,600 


2,120 
2.000 
4,270 
1,530 

11,050 
3,480 
1,400 
6,930 
450 

12, 560 


2,230 
2,380 
5,730 
1,450 
9,820 
4,050 
1,400 
6,930 
420 
12, 160 


10.4 
7.1 
7.2 
7.2 
9.2 
8.2 
7.7 
8.4 

12.3 
7.4 


10.5 
6.6 
5.8 
7.0 
6.5 
5.5 
7.5 
8.0 

16.0 
6.5 


11.0 
8.3 
9.7 
8.3 

15.0 
8.0 
6.5 
8.5 

14.2 

12.0 


1 16, 000 
16, 900 
28,900 
8,800 

8 96, 500 
27,700 
10, 900 
32, 000 
6,100 
63, 100 


22, 300 
13, 200 
24,800 
10, 700 
71, 800 
19, 100 
10, 500 
55, 400 
7,200 
81, 600 


8 24 500 




19 800 




55 600 




12, 000 




8 147 300 


Ohio 7 


32,400 




9, 100 




58, 900 


Utah » --. _ 


6,000 
8 145, 900 








37, 670 


45, 790 


46, 570 


8.3 


6.9 


11.0 


306, 900 


316, 600 


511, 500 






Late Danish: 


2,230 

3 350 

820 

2,090 

21, 190 

590 

2,070 

7,340 


3,100 

660 

1,100 

1, 560 

17, 300 

700 

3,570 

4,200 


3,250 
780 
1,600 
1,400 
19, 950 
700 
4,000 
3,500 


11.6 
3 6. 8 
7.2 
6.2 
8.4 
7.0 
7.6 
7.1 


10.5 
8.0 
6.0 
6.0 
7.2 
6.0 
7.5 
5.5 


12.0 
8.0 

10.5 
8.0 

11.0 
7.0 
9.0 

10.5 


« 25, 100 

3 2, 200 

5,700 

12,900 

179, 300 

4,100 

15, 700 

52, 800 


32, 600 

5,300 

6,600 

9,400 

124, 600 

4,200 

26, 800 

23,100 


8 39, 000 




6,200 




16,800 




11, 200 




8 219, 400 


Ohio _ 


4,900 




36, 000 




36, 800 








36, 650 


32, 190 


35, 180 


8.1 


7.2 


10.5 


297, 600 


232, 600 


370, 300 






Late (total of domestic and Danish) : 

Colorado 


3,790 
2,800 
4,870 
3,370 

31, 600 

4,040 

1,430 

6,010 

480 

15, 930 


5,220 
2, 660 
5,370 
3,090 

28, 350 
4,180 
1.400 

10, 500 
450 

16, 760 


5,480 
3,160 
7,330 
2,850 

29,770 
4,750 
1,400 

10, 930 
420 

15, 660 


11.1 
7.1 
7.2 
6.5 
8.6 
8.0 
7.7 
8.2 

12.3 
7.3 


10.5 
7.0 
5.8 
6.5 
6.9 
5.6 
7.5 
7.8 

16.0 
6.2 


11.6 
8.2 
9.9 
8.1 

12.3 
7.9 
6.5 
8.7 

14.2 

11.7 


8 41, 100 

18,800 
34, 600 
21,700 
» 275, 800 
31, 900 
10. 900 
47, 700 
6, 100 
115, 900 


54, 900 
IS, 500 
31,400 
20, 100 

196, 400 

23, 300 

10, 500 

82,200 

7,200 

104,700 


8 63, 500 


Indiana 


26,000 


Michigan 


72, 400 


Minnesota 


23, 200 


New York 


8 366, 700 


Ohio.. 


37 300 


Oregon 


9, 100 


Pennsylvania 


94, 900 
6 000 


Utah 


Wisconsin... . 


8 182, 700 






Group total 


74, 320 


77. 980 


81, 750 


8.2 


7.0 


10.8 


604, 500 


549, 200 


881, 800 






Total, all States . 


159, 380 


191,330 


184, 690 


6.85 


6.10 


8.03 


1, 082, 200 


1, 167, 800 


1, 483, 700 






For kraut 


19, 160 
140, 220 


24, 840 
166, 490 


17, 250 
167, 440 


8.22 
6.67 


5.99 
6.12 


11.14 

7.71 


154, 700 
927, 500 


148, 900 
1,018,900 


192, 200 


For market 


1, 291, 500 







See footnotes at end of table. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



285 



Statistics of Truck Crops for Shipment, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 



Carrots 





Acreag 


3 


Yield per acre ' 


Production 


Group and State 


10- 
year 

aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Fall: * 
California-. 


Acres 
4,200 

3 670 

8,530 


Acres 
10, 850 

1,200 
7,800 


Acres 
8,750 

1,670 

8, 600 


Bu. 

522 

3 290 

184 


Bu. 
430 

285 
160 


Bu. 
500 

295 
140 


1,000 
bu. 
2,162 

3 194 

U.514 


1,000 
bu. 
4,666 

342 
1,248 


1,000 
bu. 
4,375 


Early: 
Arizona 


493 


Texas 


1,204 








9,070 


9,000 


10, 270 


190 


177 


165 


1,669 


1,590 


1,697 






Second early: 
California (spring) 


7,360 

1,550 

660 


9,620 

1,900 

150 


12, 350 

2,200 

150 


486 
146 
150 


450 
138 
100 


460 
130 
112 


»3, 565 
256 

6 128 


4,329 
262 

15 


5,681 
286 




17 






Group total .. 


9,570 


11, 670 


14, 700 


407 


395 


407 


3, 949 


4, 006 


5,984 






Intermediate: 
New Jersey. 


1,250 
310 

3 290 


1,400 
120 


1,450 
100 
180 


282 
192 

3 2SS 


250 
200 


250 
250 
300 


351 
5 62 
3 87 


350 

24 


362 


North Carolina 

Virginia 


25 
'54 






Group total 


1,730 

3 500 
360 
3 90 
3 760 
3 190 
1, 990 
3 510 
3 640 
3 380 
3 570 


1,520 

910 
240 
160 
750 
250 
1, 700 
600 
850 
410 
700 


1,730 


274 


246 


255 


465 


374 


441 






Late: 
Colorado 


930 
240 
190 

1,100 
350 

2,700 
600 
700 
440 
620 


3 223 
426 
3 434 
3 584 
3 449 
494 
3 522 
3 458 
3 421 
3 393 


225 
450 
480 
600 
275 
480 
500 
500 
410 
470 


230 
500 
450 
500 
340 
460 
550 
370 
300 
365 


3 111 

155 

3 37 

3t 444 

3 82 
987 
3 266 
3 294 
3 160 
3 227 


205 
108 

77 
450 

69 
816 
300 
425 
168 
329 


214 


Illinois 


120 


Indiana 


86 


Michigan 

Minnesota 


550 
119 


New York 


1,242 


Ohio 


330 


Oregon 


259 


Pennsylvania 


132 


Washington 


226 








5,330 
29, 900 


6,570 


7,870 


465 


449 


417 


2,458 


2,947 


3,278 






Total, all States 


39, 610 


43, 320 


355 


358 


364 


10, 703 


14, 183 


15, 775 



Cauliflower 




Sweet Corn 



New Jersey. 



23, 400 


24, 000 


22, 500 


Ears 
4,900 


Ears 
5,000 


Ears 
4,900 


1,000 

ears 

113, 630 


1,000 

ears 

120, 000 



1,000 

ears 

110,250 



Eggplant 



Fall: * 
Florida 


740 
400 


850 
500 


1,000 
450 


Bush- 
els 
176 
162 


Bush- 
els 
200 

150 


Bush- 
els 
150 
100 


1,000 
bush- 
els 
118 
64 


1,000 
bush- 
els 
170 
75 


1.000 
bush- 
els 
150 


Texas 


45 






Group total 


1,140 


1, 350 


1,450 


168 


181 


134 


182 


245 


195 






Early: 

Florida 

Second early: 


870 

370 

1,040 


600 

970 

1,100 


800 

970 

1,200 


304 
147 
268 


400 
138 

275 


400 
150 
250 


261 

54 

277 


240 
134 
302 


320 
146 


Late: 
New Jersey.-- -. 


300 






Total, all States 


3,420 


4,020 


4,420 


230 


229 


217 


774 


921 


961 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Celery 





Acreage 


Yield per acre ' 


Production 


Group and State 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Fall and winter: < 
California.. 


Acres 
6,940 

1,570 
3 4,530 


Acres 
10, 300 

2,700 
5,200 


Acres 
9,750 

3,400 
5,800 


Crates 
186 

417 
3 302 


Crates 
165 

390 
275 


Crates 
210 

305 
294 


1,000 
crates 
1,282 

640 
3 51,362 


1,000 
crates 
1,700 

1,053 
1,430 


1,000 
crates 
2,048 


Early: 
California 


1,037 


Florida 


5 1, 705 






Group total 


'6,150 


7,900 


9,200 


3 334 


314 


298 


3 2,044 


2,483 


2,742 


Second early: 
California 


1,130 
3 1, 780 


1,700 
2,300 


1, 750 
2,200 


500 
3 264 


500 
290 


590 
266 


5 558 
3 465 


850 
667 


1,032 


Florida 


585 






Group total 


3 2, 990 


4,000 


3,950 


3 366 


379 


409 


3 1, 073 


1,517 


1,617 


Intermediate: 
Indiana -- 


3 100 

2, 170 
990 
370 

3 640 


110 
1,900 
1,300 

400 

720 


120 
2,100 
1, 300 

400 

750 


3 228 
279 
214 

271 
3 238 


260 
240 
220 
410 
250 


230 
270 
225 
400 
270 


3 22 
607 
216 
100 

3 152 


29 
456 
286 
164 

180 


28 


Michigan. 


567 


New Jersey 


292 


New York . 


160 


Ohio.-. 


202 






Group total. _ 


3,880 


1,430 


4,670 


259 


252 


267 


1,004 


1,115 


1,249 


Late (1) : 
Colorado 


1,020 
3,660 
4,530 
600 
480 
1,080 


1,200 

3,900 

4, 300 

580 

520 

1,000 


1,250 
4,400 
4, 300 
720 
540 
1, 000 


246 
230 
319 
235 
416 
249 


270 
190 
287 
150 
450 
300 


220 
220 
395 
240 
520 
270 


5 251 
839 

1,456 
139 
198 
263 


324 
741 
1,234 
87 
234 
300 


275 


Michigan . „ 


968 


New York 


1,698 


Ohio.- 


173 


Oregon __ 


281 


Pennsylvania 


270 






Group total 


11, 370 


11, 500 


12, 210 


276 


254 


300 


:;. no 


2,920 


3,665 


Late (2): 
Idaho 


3 107 
3 150 
530 
3 420 
3 370 






3 604 

3 208 

198 

3 239 

3 160 






3 65 

3 31 

104 

3 103 

3 162 






Indiana 


160 
500 
500 

800 


190 
200 
430 
950 


145 
190 
230 
375 


215 
200 
200 
400 


23 
95 
115 
300 


41 


New Jersey 


40 


Utah 


86 


Washington 


380 






Group total 


1,470 


1,960 


1,770 


283 


272 


309 


429 


533 


547 


Total, all States 


32, 480 


40, 090 


41, 550 


273 


256 


286 


8,862 


10, 268 


11,868 



Cucumbers 



Fall: » 
Florida 


1,280 
3 360 


1,600 


2,000 


Bu. 
87 
3 34 


Bu. 
40 


Bu. 
50 


1,000 
bu. 
106 

3 16 


1,000 
bu. 
64 


1,000 
bu. 
100 


Texas. 


















Group total.. _ 


1.420 


1,600 


2,000 


84 


40 


50 


112 


64 


100 


Early (1): 
Florida 


6,610 

ii, 130 


4,000 

7, 300 


5,000 
5,600 


86 
64 


75 
40 


150 
52 


568 
5 389 


300 
292 


750 


Texas 


291 




12, 740 


11, 300 


10, 600 


75 


52 


98 


957 


592 


1,041 






Early (2): 


1,620 
1,310 
1,490 
600 
7,170 


1,000 
2,300 
1,400 
1,050 

5,600 


1,500 
2,100 
2,000 
1,000 
5,600 


165 
149 
80 
83 

78 


160 

220 

65 

70 
55 


180 
200 
55 
80 
60 


5 271 
195 

5 117 
50 

: 550 


160 
506 
91 
74 
308 


270 


California 


420 


Georgia 


110 




« 80 


South Carolina 


336 




12, 190 


11.350 


12,200 


97 


100 


100 


1,183 


1,139 


1,216 






Second early: 


1,190 

4,690 
800 


900 

4,500 

400 


1,000 

4,000 

400 


82 
91 
104 


90 
40 
100 


90 
80 
100 


95 

6 438 

86 


81 
180 
40 


90 


North Carolina 

Virginia 


320 
40 






Group total 


6,680 


5,800 


5,400 


89 


52 


83 


619 


301 


450 






Intermediate: 


1,550 

800 

2, 260 

3,220 

3 90 


1,900 

950 

2,800 

3,500 


1,800 
1, 000 
2,800 
3,000 


118 
59 
129 
162 
3 48 


125 

70 

140 

155 


115 
85 
95 

160 


179 
48 
285 
526 
34 


238 

66 

S92 

542 


207 


Illinois 


85 


Maryland. 


266 


New Jersey. - 

Ohio, Southeast 


480 


















7,910 


9,150 


8,600 


133 


135 


121 


1,041 


1,238 


1, 038 






Late (1): 


3 580 
1,670 


630 
2,160 


750 

2,700 


3 70 
120 


80 
145 


150 
193 


3 42 
193 


50 
313 


112 




533 








2,130 


2,790 


3,510 


111 


130 


184 


226 


363 


645 






Late (2): 


3 590 

3 720 


400 
550 


600 
600 


3 48 
3 95 


40 
65 


70 
105 


3 27 
3 70 


16 

36 


42 




63 






Group total 


3 1, 250 


950 


1,200 


3 80 


55 


88 


3 94 


52 


105 


Total, all States 


44,200 


42, 940 


43, 510 


96 


87 


106 


4,224 


3,749 


4,595 



286 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Truck Crops for Shipment, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons— Continued 



Garlic 





Acreage 


Yield per acre • 


Production 


Group and State 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


California 


Acres 

3 1, 890 

3 320 

3 1, 420 


Acres 

2,450 

600 

1,200 


Acres 

2,310 

750 

1,400 


Sacks 
3 55.0 
3 49.0 
'13.9 


Sacks 
65.0 
41.0 
17.0 


Sacks 
65.0 
30.0 
15.0 


1,000 

sacks 

3 104 

» 16 

3 20 


1,000 

sacks 

159 

25 

20 


1,000 

sacks 

150 


Louisiana 


22 


Texas 


21 






Total, 3 States. 


3 3, 630 


4,250 


4,460 


3 39.1 


48.0 


43.3 


3 140 


204 


193 



Kale 



Virginia (Norfolk dist.)._ 















1,000 


1,000 








Bu. 


Bu. 


Bu. 


bu. 


bu. 


3 1,860 


1,050 


1,050 


3 353 


410 


490 


3 640 


430 



1,000 
bu. 
514 



Lettuce 



Early: 
Arizona.. 


13, 380 

29, 480 

1,780 


13,500 

20, 000 

1,700 


13,300 

21, 800 

1,900 


Crt. 
106 
124 

282 


Crt. 
130 
145 
267 


Crt. 
108 
130 
266 


1,000 
crates 
' 1,342 
5 3,556 
495 


1,000 
crates 
1,755 
2, 900 
454 


1,000 
crates 
1,430 


Calif., Imperial 


2,834 
506 






Lettuce 


3 1, 130 
3 620 


880 
900 


900 
1,000 


3 241 
3 401 


185 
340 


185 
340 


3 272 
3 243 


148 
306 


166 


Kscarole 


340 




3 580 






3 73 






3 49 




















Group total 


45, 040 


35, 200 


37,11(10 


123 


145 


129 


5,428 


5,109 


4,776 


Second early: 


14, 670 

29, 290 

1,310 

470 


17, 000 

31, 400 

1,200 

400 


17,400 

34, 150 

1,400 

450 


120 
116 
90 
143 


155 
120 
70 
100 


138 
95 
72 

130 


" 1, 650 

3,328 

»123 

72 


2,635 

3,768 

84 

40 


'2,401 


Calif., other 

N. Carolina 

S. Carolina 


3,244 
101 
58 


Group total 


45, 740 


50, 000 


53, 400 


116 


131 


109 


5,173 


6,527 


5,804 


Intermediate: 


140 

1,040 

170 

220 

3,110 


150 

1,300 

200 

250 

3,000 


120 

1,400 
250 
300 

1,800 


155 
218 
88 
172 
199 


100 
200 
100 
170 
200 


100 
225 
115 
160 
225 


23 

226 

15 

38 

«617 


15 

260 

20 

42 

»600 


12 


New Jersey 

Oregon 


315 

29 




48 


Washington 


405 


Group total 


4,680 


4,900 


3,870 


197 


191 


209 


919 


937 


809 


Late(l): 
California 


12, 420 
7,230 

280 
5.090 

240 


21,500 
4, 700 

200 
2,700 

300 


16, 300 

5,400 

-. 150 

2,400 

300 


129 
98 
96 
228 
152 


120 
100 
100 
230 
155 


115 
105 
100 
205 
150 


1.593 

«709 
27 

1,163 
37 


2,580 
470 
20 
621 

46 


2,364 




567 


New Mexico. 


15 
492 


Pennsylvania 


45 


Group total 


25, 260 


29, 400 


24, 550 


140 


127 


142 


3,529 


3,737 


3,483 


Late (2): 

California 

Idaho. 


28, 130 
620 
850 
360 
460 


29, 500 
1,600 

600 
1,200 

700 


26, 620 

1,400 

600 

850 

1,050 


135 
157 
196 
120 
101 


145 
110 
125 
130 
200 


150 
125 
60 
80 

120 


3,733 

95 

168 

4 50 

»88 


4,278 
176 
75 
156 
140 


3,993 
175 


New Jersey 

Oregon 


36 

68 


Washington 


120 


Group total 


30, 420 


33, 600 


30, 520 


138 


144 


144 


4,134 


4,825 


4,398 


Total, all States.. 


151, 140 


153, 100 


149, 340 


128 


138 


129 


19, 183 


21, 135 


19, 270 



Onions 



Early (Bermuda): 
Texas" 


1,540 

39, 230 

2,500 


1,700 

52, 380 
1,650 


1, 700 

61,130 

1,250 


Sacks 
47 
51 
127 


Sacks 
64 
34 
155 


Sacks 
50 
31 

150 


1,000 

sacks 

78 

• 1, 777 

« 317 


1,000 

sacks 

92 

5 1,781 

256 


1,000 

sacks 

85 

5 1,895 


California 


188 






Group total 


43, 270 


55, 730 


64,080 


56 


38 


34 


2,172 


2,129 


2,168 


Intermediate (1): 
Texas, north " 
California 


8,600 
1, 520 


17, 700 
2,800 


11,800 
1,800 


43 
231 


45 
170 


43 

145 


»380 
'323 


796 
476 


507 
261 






Group total 


10, 120 


20, 500 


13, 600 


69 


62 


56 


703 


1,272 


768 


Intermediate (2): 

New Jersey 

Virginia 


2,880 

620 

490 

3 1, 750 

960 

790 


3,700 
800 
150 
400 

450 

500 


3,400 
800 
160 
300 

450 

700 


137 

78 

108 

3 68 

136 

246 


150 
95 
150 

45 

171 
275 


135 
120 
160 
50 

255 

180 


394 

48 

54 

3 118 

130 

198 


555 
76 
22 
18 

77 

138 


459 
96 


Kentucky ._ 


26 


Oklahoma 


15 


Iowa, Scott Co. 

district. 

Washington, Walla 

Walla Co 


115 
126 


Group total 


6,450 


6,000 


5,810 


135 


148 


144 


871 


886 


837 























See footnotes at end of table. 



Onions — Continued 





Acreage 


Yield per acre ' 


Production 


Group and State 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10. 

year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 
36 


1937 


1938 


Late: 
Eastern: 
Massachusetts... 

New York.. 

Pennsylvania 


Acres 

3,260 

8, 750 

330 


Acres 

3, 550 

13, 680 

380 


Acres 

3,050 

14, 100 

380 


Sacks 
214 
228 
152 


Sacks 
180 
188 
190 


Sacks 
240 
210 
180 


1,000 

sacks 

684 

2,038 

51 


1,000 

sacks 

5 639 

2,572 

72 


1,000 

sacks 

» 732 

5 2, 961 

68 


Group total 


12,340 


17, 610 


17. 530 


222 


186 


215 


2,773 


3, 283 


3,761 


Central: 
Ohio 


5,110 

7,080 
640 
7,640 
1,110 
2,220 
1,380 


2,200 
2,700 

380 
9,200 
1,150 
3,200 

610 


1,950 

2,500 
340 
10,800 
1,210 
3,400 
600 


129 
154 
119 
184 
164 
181 
156 


130 
185 
110 
155 
170 
225 
150 


160 
155 
130 
170 
180 
150 
165 


668 

1,111 

79 

1,375 

183 

413 

5 222 


286 
500 

42 

1,426 

196 

720 

92 


312 


Indiana... 


388 


Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa, other 


44 

1,836 
218 
510 
99 


Group total 


25, 180 


19,440 


20, 800 


180 


168 


164 


4,051 


3,262 


3,407 


Western: 
Idaho 


1,730 
4,720 
1,050 
3 150 
1,030 
1,430 
5,100 


2,500 
4,400 
1, 200 
120 
1,400 
2,200 
3,370 


2,400 
4,900 
1,250 
110 
1,500 
2,800 
3,140 

16, 100 


294 
170 
250 
3 141 
261 
237 
173 

204 


350 
230 
285 
190 
300 
300 
165 

256 


360 
210 
235 
200 
210 
290 
200 

246 


•508 
5 810 
262 
3 21 
268 
339 
3 883 

3,087 


875 
1,012 
342 
23 
420 
660 
556 


864 


Colorado 


1,029 


Utah ._ 


294 


Nevada . 


22 


Wash., other 

Oregon 

California.. 


315 
812 
628 


Group total 


15, 180 


15, 190 


3,888 
10, 433 


3,964 


Total late 


52. 700 


52, 240 


54,430 


188 


200 


205 


9,911 


11,132 


Total, all States. 


112, 540 


134, 470 


137, 920 


125 


109 


108 


13, 657 


14,720 


14, 905 



Green Peas 



Early: 
Arizona 


3 300 

3,700 

3,140 

3 1, 470 






Bu. 

3 76 

82 
60 

3 54 


Bu. 


Bu. 


1,000 

bu. 

323 

291 
208 
3 75 


1,000 
bu. 


1,000 
bu. 


California, Imper- 
ial 


4,000 
6,200 
6,000 


4,500 
6,200 
5,000 


60 
50 
75 


105 
90 
60 


240 
310 

450 


472 


Florida 


558 


Texas 


300 






Group total 


8,110 


16,200 


15, 700 


71 


62 


85 


570 


1,000 


1,330 


Second early: 
Alabama 


3 230 
30, 980 
1,240 
2,140 
3,160 

37, 640 


150 

38,000 

1,020 

3,000 

4,300 


200 

26, 350 

1,100 

2,700 

4,600 


3 60 
79 
54 
70 
48 


70 
65 
50 
64 
45 


80 
65 
55 
60 
50 


3 12 

2,193 

67 

153 

150 


10 

2,470 

51 

192 

194 


16 


California, other... 
Louisiana 


1,713 
60 


Mississippi 

South Carolina 


162 
230 


Group total. 


46, 470 


34, 950 


74 


63 


62 


2,569 


2,917 


2,181 


Intermediate (1): 
North Carolina 


3,940 
3 280 
2,070 


3,200 


3,000 


69 

3 63 

65 


70 


75 


274 
3 18 
141 


224 


225 


Virginia 


3,300 


3,000 


70 


65 


231 


195 






Group total 


6,150 


6,500 


6,000 


68 


70 


70 


424 


455 


420 


Intermediate (2): 
Idaho 




1,400 

270 

3,450 


1,400 

240 

2,800 


60 
67 


93 

55 
35 


100 
50 
66 


33 
222 


130 

15 

121 


140 


Maryland 


530 
3,260 


12 


New Jersey 


185 


Group total. 


3,790 


5,120 


4,440 


67 


52 


76 


255 


267 


337 


Late(l): 


7,640 
2,410 
6,150 
3 560 
3 3, 340 


11,400 
4,300 
4,540 
1,000 
5,200 


12, 000 
3,300 
4, 040 
800 
4,200 


75 

98 

81 

3 127 

3 180 


85 
82 
73 
120 
180 


85 
115 
115 

65 
130 


•587 
224 
499 
3 72 

3»611 


969 
353 
331 
120 
936 


1,020 


Idaho 


380 


New York 


465 


Oregon 


52 


Washington 


546 


Group total 


19, 710 


26,440 


24, 340 


97 


102 


101 


1,925 


2,709 


2, 463 


Late (2): 
California, other... 
Utah 


8,560 


9,650 
800 


11, 500 
1,720 


99 


135 
144 


100 
135 


834 


1,303 
115 


1,150 
232 








Group total. - .. 


8,560 


10, 450 


13, 220 


99 


136 


105 


834 


1,418 


1,382 


Late (3): 
Arizona 


3 320 
7,400 


260 
6,000 


450 
4,200 


3 141 
46 


60 
50 


140 
25 


3 46 
345 


16 
300 


63 


California, Imper- 
ial 


105 






Group total 


7,590 


6,260 


4, 650 


49 


50 


36 


373 


316 


168 


Total, all States.. 


91, 550 


117,440 


103, 300 


77 


77 


80 


6,950 


9,081 


8,281 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



287 



Statistics of Truck Crops for Shipment, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 
Early Irish Potatoes " Spinach 8 





Acreage 


Yield per acre ' 


Production 


Group and State 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 

1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
aee, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Fall and winter:' 

Florida, south 

Texas 


Acres 
5,300 
2,400 


Acres 
12. 000 
2,100 


Acres 
14,000 
3,700 


Bu. 
94 
48 


Bu. 

140 
70 


Bu. 

140 

50 


1,000 

bu. 
507 
100 


1,000 
bu. 
1,680 
147 


1,000 
bu. 
1, 960 

185 






Group total 


7,700 


14, 100 


17, 700 


79 


130 


121 


607 


1,827 


2,145 


Early (1): 
Florida, north 


19,700 


19, 300 


17, 400 


112 


112 


127 


2,209 


2,162 


2,217 


Hastings 


17,100 

2,000 

600 


16, 000 

2, 500 

800 


15, 000 

1,800 

600 


112 
111 
107 


115 
105 

75 


124 
145 
160 


1,926 
218 
65 


1,840 
262 
60 


1,860 


LaCrosse ... 

West 


261 
96 






Texas, Lower Val- 
ley 


10, 100 


6,000 


9,700 


83 


125 


75 


823 


750 


728 






Group total 


29, 800 


25,300 


27. 100 


102 


115 


109 


3,032 


2,912 


2,945 


Eariy (2): 


12, 000 
15,200 

1,700 

21, 100 

1,300 

13, 800 
12, 900 


23,400 
31,000 

1,600 
29. 000 

6,500 
15, 000 
11,700 


20, 600 
34, 000 

1,400 
26,000 

4, 500 
11,000 
10,200 


112 
191 
133 
72 
93 
143 
68 


110 
304 
160 
73 
85 
150 
51 


140 
270 
130 
75 
80 
165 
52 


1,350 
2,930 

224 
1,541 

130 
1,961 

898 


2,574 
9,424 

256 
2,117 
«552 
2, 250 

602 


2 884 




9 180 




182 




1,950 
360 

1,815 
532 


Mississippi 

South Carolina 

Texas, other 


Eagle Lake, Sug- 
arland, and 
Wharton 

Other counties... 


9,000 
3,900 


5,000 
6,700 


4,000 
6,200 


66 

72 


48 
54 


37 
62 


620 

278 


240 
362 


148 
384 


Group total 


78, 000 


118,200 


107, 700 


116 


150 


157 


9,034 


17, 775 


16, 903 


Second Early: 


4,800 
33,100 
10, 300 

2,100 


4,800 
43,000 
6,900 
2,300 


4,600 

34, 000 

6,200 

2,100 


86 
139 
96 

82 


85 
140 
95 
94 


100 
150 
96 
125 


413 

4,599 

991 

169 


408 

6, 020 

65? 

216 


460 


North Carolina 


5,100 
595 




262 






Group total 


50, 300 


57, 000 


46,900 


123 


128 


137 


6,172 


7,300 


6,417 


Intermediate (1): 


14, 800 


11,500 


12,000 


130 


130 


170 


1. 989 


1,495 


2 040 






Kaw Valley 

Scott County 


14. 100 
3 800 


11,000 
500 


11, 550 
450 


128 

3 171 


130 
130 


170 
170 


1,860 
3 143 


1,430 
65 


1,964 
76 




5,300 

8,400 

5,800 

66,600 


3, 000 

7,000 

5,600 

55. 400 


2,700 

6,400 

5,900 

45. COO 


97 
148 
136 
150 


110 
140 
150 
136 


165 
200 
175 
155 


504 

1,247 

772 

10, 163 


330 
980 
840 

7, 520 


446 


Maryland 


1 280 




1 032 




7,086 






Norfolk district.. 
Eastern Shore... 
Other 


11,100 
51, 900 
3. 600 


11,100 

41.500 

2,800 


10, 000 
33, 200 
2,400 


149 
151 

132 


130 
138 
125 


145 
160 

1 3.', 


1, 663 

8,013 

487 


1,443 

5,727 

350 


1,450 

5,312 

324 






Group total 


100, 900 


82, 500 


72, 600 


143 


135 


164 


14, 675 


11, 165 


11,884 


Intermediate (2): 
Nebraska... 


1,800 

36,200 


1,800 
48, 300 


3,200 
44, 800 


200 
168 


275 

185 


225 

203 


373 

6. 081 


495 
8,936 


720 


New Jersey 


9,094 


Group total 


38, 000 


50, 100 


48, 000 


170 


188 


204 


6,454 


9,431 


9. 814 


Total.allStates. 


304, 700 


347, 200 


320, 000 


131 


145 


157 


89, 974 


50, 410 


50, 108 



Green Peppers 



Fall: » 
Florida. 


1,400 

710 


2,000 
1,600 


2,000 
1,800 


245 
127 


200 

150 


160 
85 


306 
92 


400 
240 


320 


Texas 


153 






Group total 


2,110 


3,600 


3,800 


199 


178 


124 


398 


640 


473 


Early: 
Florida 


5,160 


5,200 


5.400 


258 


229 


328 


1,289 


1,190 


1,770 


Winter 


3 2, 480 
3 3, 160 


3, 000 
2,200 


3,000 
2,400 


3 254 
3 214 


250 
200 


350 
300 


3 651 
3 668 


750 
440 


1,050 


Spring 


720 






Second early: 


8 320 

1,230 

200 

3 120 


50 

1,200 

250 

70 


50 

1,300 

200 

70 


3 162 
178 
87 

3 220 


200 
200 
140 
200 


200 
220 
140 
200 


3 46 

217 

18 

3 25 


10 

240 

35 

14 


10 


Louisiana 

Mississippi 

South Carolina 


286 
28 
14 


Group total 


1.7S0 


1.570 


1,620 


164 


190 


209 


291 


299 


338 


Intermediate: 

New Jersey 

North Carolina 


5,870 
750 


6,000 
1,500 


6,500 
1,800 


238 

188 


300 

150 


235 
125 


1,389 
141 


1,800 
225 


1,528 
225 


Group total 


6,620 


7,500 


8,300 


232 


270 


211 


1,530 


2,025 


1,758 


Late: 


1,050 


2,400 


1,950 


284 


280 


280 


288 


672 


546 






Total, all States. 


16,720 


20,270 


21,070 


228 


238 


232 


3,796 


4,826 


4,880 





Acreage 


Yield per acre ' 


Production 


Group and State 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Fall:* 


Acres 
2,680 


Acres 
3,000 


Acres 
2,700 


Bu. 

257 


Bu. 
316 


Bu. 

360 


1,000 
bu. 
746 


1,000 
bu. 
945 


1,000 
bu. 
972 






Early: 
California 


1,310 

1,540 

3 140 

390 

32, 090 


2,400 
1,700 


2,800 
1,840 


731 
96 
3 240 
233 
204 


580 
100 


545 
115 


959 

150 

3 35 

99 

'6,071 


1,392 
170 


1,526 


Louisiana 


212 


North Carolina 




South Carolina 

Texas 


200 
50,000 


200 
40, 000 


150 
140 


200 
120 


30 

7,000 


40 

4,800 






Group total 


35, 410 


54, 300 


44, 840 


219 


158 


147 


7,300 


8,592 


6,578 


Second early: 
Arkansas 


840 

3 110 

720 

960 

1,160 

3 1, 350 

3 990 

3,690 

190 


600 

110 

600 
1,050 
1,250 

500 
1,200 
3,800 

250 


600 
90 

500 
1,000 
1,100 

300 
1,100 
3,700 

310 


155 

3 211 

286 
262 
364 
3 118 
3 322 
307 
353 


235 
150 
220 
210 
350 
240 
270 
330 
300 


200 
100 
240 
190 
400 
120 
300 
340 
350 


133 
324 

209 

250 

422 

3 64 

3 313 

1,141 

66 


141 

16 

132 

220 

438 

120 

324 

1,254 

75 


120 


Illinois 


9 


Maryland 


120 


Missouri 


190 


New Jersey 

Oklahoma 


440 
36 


Pennsylvania 


330 
1,258 


Washington 


108 


Group total. 


8,720 


9,380 


8,700 


290 


291 


300 


2,507 


2,720 


2,611 


Intermediate: 
Colorado 


'660 


1,320 


1,450 


'142 


120 


132 


3*87 


158 


191 






Late: 


»430 

3 670 

750 

760 

1,970 

3 1,100 

3 1, 180 

350 


500 

800 

400 

1,000 

1,950 

2,000 

2,090 

600 


400 

600 

400 

900 

1,400 

2,000 

1,900 

700 


3 190 

3 159 

254 

283 

317 

3 199 

3 301 

341 


250 
200 
150 
300 
300 
250 
350 
340 


175 
160 
200 
250 
280 
200 
160 
400 


3 83 
3 94 
187 
195 
633 
3 219 
3 352 
118 


125 
160 
60 
300 
585 
500 
732 
204 


70 




96 




80 




225 


New Jersey 

Oklahoma. 

Pennsylvania 

Washington 


392 
400 
304 
280 


Group total 


5,840 


9,340 


8,300 


279 


285 


223 


1,590 


2,666 


1,847 


Total, all States . 


53, 240 


77, 320 


65, 990 


238 


195 


185 


12, 221 


15, 081 


12, 199 



Strawberries " 



Early: 


4,180 

7,610 

20, 560 

900 

2,260 


2,900 
8,800 
17, 600 
400 
2, 150 


3,300 

7, 500 

22, 000 

360 

1,950 


Crates 
75 
70 
60 
53 
56 


Crates 
68 
65 
82 
70 
69 


Crates 
74 
70 
50 
60 
60 


1,000 

crates 

312 

531 

1,218 
»46 
121 


1,000 
crates 
197 
572 
1,443 
28 
148 


1,000 

crates 

244 




525 




» 1,100 


Mississippi 


22 

117 






Group total 


35, 510 


31,850 


35, 110 


62.6 


75. 


57 2 


2,228 


2, 388 


2,008 


Second early: 


20, 510 

1,750 
450 
7,630 
480 
17,080 
6,750 


7,400 

1,650 
600 

9,200 

600 

13, 300 

7,000 


14, 100 

1,800 
400 

7, 2110 

250 

15,600 

7,300 


43 

185 
52 
85 
70 
47 
70 


35 

180 
60 
70 
75 
57 
90 


60 

175 
60 
52 
60 
45 
70 


• 881 

323 
23 
643 
32 
811 
»544 


259 

297 
36 

644 
45 

758 

630 


846 


California, south- 
ern district 


315 
24 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 


374 

15 

702 


Virginia 


511 


Group total 


54, 650 


39, 750 


40, 650 


60.0 


67.1 


59.7 


3,257 


2, 669 


2,787 


Intermediate: 
California, other, .. 


2,780 
4,360 
4,770 
1,190 
7,000 
8,050 

14,300 
3,760 

3 1,780 


3,000 
5, 200 
5,400 

900 
6,700 
7,700 
4,500 
4,000 

200 


3,230 

5,200 
6,200 
1,100 
7,700 
8,100 
9,000 
3,400 
400 


194 
59 
52 
51 
57 
66 
39 
82 

3 32 


180 
65 
40 
40 
41 
80 
30 
95 
30 


160 
45 
50 
50 
55 
55 
60 

100 
60 


537 
258 
247 
62 
386 
524 
558 
310 
3 58 


540 
338 
216 
36 
275 
616 
135 
380 
6 


517 
234 




310 




55 


Kentucky 


424 




446 


Missouri, 

New Jersey 


540 

340 

24 






Group total 


47, 870 


37, 600 


44, 330 


61.8 


67.6 


65.2 


2,934 


2,542 


2,890 


Late: 


2,510 
1,810 
9,010 
3,660 
3/800 
10, 680 
3,690 
1,230 
7,730 
1,740 


2,600 
600 

10, 500 
3,500 
4,100 

11,200 
4,800 
1,400 
7,000 
2,400 


3,100 
800 

11,600 
3,900 
4,500 

13, 400 
5,000 
1,400 
7,700 
2,500 


65 
56 
60 
77 
59 
66 
65 
64 
72 
48 


70 
55 

110 
80 
80 
75 

100 
65 
90 
70 


80 
60 
40 
80 
75 
85 
70 
60 
78 
80 


163 
110 
531 
284 
224 
712 
240 

80 
557 

83 


182 
33 
1, 155 
280 
328 
840 
480 
91 
630 
168 


248 




48 




464 




312 


Ohio 


338 




1,139 


Pennsylvania 

Utah 


350 
84 


Washington 

Wisconsin 


601 
200 


Group total 


45, 860 


48, 100 


53, 900 


65.1 


87.0 


70.2 


2.984 


4,187 


3,784 


Total, all States... 


183, 890 


157, 300 


179, 990 


62.2 


74.9 


63.7 


11,403 


11, 786 


11,469 



See footnotes at end of table. 



288 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Truck Crops for Shipment, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 
Tomatoes Peppermint for Oil 14 





Acreage 


Yield per acre ' 


Production 


Group and State 


10-year 
aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Fall: « 
Florida 


Acres 

3 2, 330 

2, 610 


Acres 
4,500 
6,200 


Acres 
4,000 
5, 000 


Bu. 
3 74 
61 


Bu. 

54 

45 


Bu. 

55 
26 


1,000 
bu. 
3 174 
143 


1,000 
bu. 
243 
279 


1,000 
bu. 
220 




130 






Group total — 


4,700 


10, 700 


9,000 


65 


III 


39 


300 


522 


350 


Early (1): 

Florida, South 
Early (2): 

California, Imperial 

Florida, other . 

Texas, Lower Val- 
ley. 


12, 280 

1,780 

15, 180 

10, 680 


17, 200 

3,000 
10, 800 

13, 500 


15, 500 

3,000 
21, 800 

16, 200 


121 

118 
68 

70 


94 

60 
82 

80 


190 

170 
82 

78 


1,486 

217 
1,049 

758 


1,617 

180 
886 

1,080 


2,945 

510 
1,788 

1,264 


Group total — 


27, 640 


27, 300 


41,000 


73 


79 


87 


2,024 


2,146 


3, 562 


Second early: 


1,630 
1,530 

10, 860 
2,650 

20, 760 


4,500 
2,800 
9,500 
6,000 

.7. HI ill 


10, 000 
3,100 

10, 000 
9,000 

30, 300 


60 
91 
118 
80 
92 


40 
70 
96 
60 

55 


35 
77 
120 
40 
64 


100 
139 

1,288 
204 

51,826 


180 
196 
912 
360 

1, 485 


350 




239 


Mississippi... 

South Carolina 

Texas, other 


1,200 

360 

1, 939 


Group total 


37, 430 


III Mill 


62, 400 


97 


63 


66 


3,557 


3,133 


4,088 


Intermediate: 


2,620 
3,290 

1,030 
3,880 
5,200 
HI. 180 
3 1,910 
1,110 
8,110 
3,100 


3,000 
9,850 

800 
6,400 
5,500 
13, 000 
2,000 
1, 050 
6,700 
2,200 


3,500 
8,900 

800 
6,100 
5,500 
12, 000 
2,000 
1,000 
6,300 
2, 400 


76 
164 

61 
136 

89 
192 
3 42 
190 
113 
124 


80 
165 

70 
130 
100 

175 
30 
175 
115 
135 


85 
170 

65 
108 

90 
150 

65 
160 
130 
120 


»180 
598 

63 
561 
466 

2,007 
3 72 
209 
909 

5 383 


240 
1,625 

56 
832 
550 
2,275 
72 
184 
770 
297 


298 




1,513 


Illinois, Union 


52 




659 




495 


New Jersey _ - 

North Carolina.. .. 
Ohio, Southeast. .. 


1,800 
130 
160 
819 




288 






Group total 


40, 350 


50, 500 


48, 500 


135 


137 


128 


5,433 


6,901 


6,214 


Late (1): 
California, n. dist.. 


6,900 
1,340 

210 
3,130 
5,300 

500 
1,940 
1,760 
4, 570 
1,370 
3 770 
1,360 

740 
3 1, 520 


6,300 
2, 400 

200 
1,000 
6, 000 

600 
2, 300 
3,400 
7,200 
1,400 
1,400 
2,000 
1,000 
1, 200 


5,900 
2,200 

200 

900 
5,400 

600 
2,300 
3,700 
8,500 
1,100 
1,500 
2, 000 

400 
1,100 


109 
269 
127 
80 
113 
112 
92 
166 
213 
166 

3 223 
170 
146 

3 234 


115 
265 
120 

75 
110 
135 
120 
140 
260 
135 
210 
190 

80 
180 


155 
180 
90 
68 
100 
120 
85 
135 
230 
190 
190 
200 
130 
160 


755 
360 

27 
250 
602 

54 
176 
278 
961 
223 
3 167 
239 

98 
134S 


724 
636 

24 

75 
660 

81 
276 
476 
1,872 
189 
294 
380 

80 
216 


914 
396 


Delaware 


18 


Illinois, other 

Indiana.. 


61 
540 


Iowa.. 


72 


Kentucky 


196 


Michigan 


500 




1,955 


Ohio, other 

Oregon 


209 
285 


Pennsylvania 

Utah 


400 
52 


Washington 


176 


Group total 


31, 190 
9,020 


36, 400 


35, 800 


144 


164 


161 


4,488 


5,983 


5,774 


Late (2): 
California, s. dist.. 


7,000 


9.850 


105 


165 


140 


885 


1, 155 


1,379 


Total, all 
States ._ 


162, 610 


198, 900 


222, 050 


112 


108 


109 


18, 173 


21, 457 


24, 312 





Acreage 


Yield per acre i 


Production 


Group and State 


10-year 
aver- 
age, 

1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


Michigan 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Washington 


Acres 

s 13,080 
3 290 

3 1.590 
3 560 


Acres 
10, 800 
18, 000 

700 
1,900 

700 


Acres 

8.100 

16, 700 

400 

2, 150 

820 


Lb. 
o/ oil 
3 17.7 
3 26.3 
3 18.8 
3 34.7 
3 38.5 


Lb. 
c] oil 
24.0 
27.9 
28.0 
42.0 
34.3 


Lb. 
o) oil 
22.7 
26.0 
20.0 
36.0 
35.0 


1,000 
lb. 

c) oil 
3 419 
3 368 

36 

3 56 

3 22 


1,000 

lb. 
oj oil 
259 
502 
20 
80 
24 


1,000 

lb. 

oj oil 

184 

434 

8 

77 

29 


Total, 5 States. 


3 39,420 


32, 100 


28, 170 


3 22.3 


27.6 


26.0 


3 871 


885 


732 



Watermelons 



Early: 
Calif., Imperial. 
Florida 



Group total 

Second early: 

Alabama 

Arizona.. 

Georgia 

Louisiana 

Mississippi 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Texas 

Group total 

Late: 

Arkansas 

California, other... 

Colorado 

Delaware. 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Maryland 

Missouri __ 

New Jersey 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Virginia 

Washington 

Group total 

Total, all States 



7, 580 
27, 630 



35,2111 



9, 060 
1,320 
69, 340 
3 1, 030 
3, 710 
10, 200 
17, 780 
44, 050 



155, 770 



4, HO 
8, 090 
920 
1, 260 
5,510 
5,670 
1, 960 
1,960 
8, 650 
1, 620 
5,130 
3 530 
3, 670 
1,080 



50, (ISO 



241,060 



8, 000 
19, 500 



'.'7,5011 



13, 000 
1,000 
64, 000 
4, 800 
8, 700 
11, 600 
21,000 
46,0110 



170, 100 



4,: 

9, 600 
1,320 
2, 200 

6, 300 
8,800 
1,800 
2,800 

13,000 
1,500 

7, 500 
740 

4,300 
1,080 



65, 740 



263, 310 



7, 000 
22, 500 



20,5(111 



14, 000 
1.000 
57, 600 
4, 600 
8, 000 
10, 600 
20, 000 
19,000 



164, 800 



4,800 
10, 200 
1,050 
2,900 
6, 600 
9, 000 
2, 100 
3, 400 
13, 000 
1, 500 
8, 000 
700 
4,500 
900 



68, 650 



262, 050 



Mei- 



270 



357 



301 
324 
202 
3 250 
278 
236 
260 
172 



237 



256 
706 
292 
329 
265 
292 
228 
322 
251 
416 
221 
3 386 
350 
360 



352 



278 



Mel- 
ons 
625 
300 



305 



300 
315 
250 
350 
220 
150 
220 
150 



275 
680 
340 
385 
425 
500 
380 
330 
240 
500 
2O0 
450 
380 
600 



Mel- 
ons 
470 
310 



34S 



280 
310 
240 
290 
250 
100 
200 
140 



202 



280 
715 
315 
365 
405 
300 
320 
350 
350 
330 
225 
450 
290 
700 



384 



1,000 
mel- 
ons 
5 5,072 
5 7,542 



12,614 



36, 319 



1, 026 

5 5,748 

274 

440 

1, 455 

1,618 

444 

634 

2,191 

690 

1,080 

3 203 

5 1,306 

390 

17, 458 



66,3111 



1,000 
mel- 
ons 

5,000 

55,850 



10.850 



3, 900 
315 

5)6,000 
1,080 

5 1,914 
1,740 

« 4,620 
6,900 



37,1160 



1,320 

6,528 
449 
847 

2,678 

4,400 
684 
924 

3, 120 
750 

1,500 
«333 

1, 634 
»648 

25, 815 



73, 734 



1,000 
mel- 
ons 
3,290 
5 6,975 



10, 265 



3,920 
310 

513,824 
1,334 
2,000 
1,060 

5 4,000 
6,860 



33, 308 



1,344 
7,293 

331 
1,058 
2,673 
2, 700 

672 
1,190 
4, 550 

495 
1, 800 

315 
1,305 

630 

26, 356 



69, ( 



i Size and approximate net weight of unit of produetion:"Artichokes — box, 40 pounds; asparagus — crate, 24 pounds; lima beans— bushel, 32 pounds; snap beans — bushel, 
30 pounds; beets — bushel, 52 pounds; cantaloups — crate, 60 pounds; carrots — bushel, 50 pounds; cauliflower — crate, 39 pounds; celery — % size (New York) crate, 90 pounds; 
cucumbers— bushel, 48 pounds; eggplant— bushel, 33 pounds; garlic— sack, 100 pounds; kale — bushel, 18 pounds; lettuce — western crate (mostly 4 to 6 dozen heads); onions — 
sack, 100 pounds; green peas— bushel, 30 pounds; green peppers— bushel, 25 pounds; early Irish potatoes — bushel, 00 pounds; spinach — bushel, 18 pounds; strawberries— 24-quart 
crate, 36 pounds; tomatoes— bushel, 53 pounds. Tons, 2,000 pounds. 

2 Includes undetermined quantities used for canning or manufacture and frozen pack in some States other than California. 

3 Short-time average. 

4 Fall crop States supply earliest new-crop movement, starting in the fall preceding year shown. 

' Includes some quantities not marketed: Snap beans (1938)— Georgia, 80,000 bushels. Beets (1938)— North Carolina, 30,000 bushels. Cabbage (1937)— Florida, 20,000 tons; 
Virginia, Eastern Shore, 1,000 tons; Virginia, Norfolk, 900 tons; (1938)— Louisiana, 2,000 tons; North Carolina, 4,400 tons; South Carolina, 15,000 tons; Illinois, 1,500 tons; Colo- 
rado, 9,800 tons of domestic type and 5,300 tons of Danish; New York, 12,000 tons of domestic type and 13,000 tons of Danish; Wisconsin, 22,000 tons of domestic type. Canta- 
loups (1938)— California, Imperial, 1,238,000 crates; Arizona, 294,000 crates; and Colorado, 632,000 crates. Carrots (1938)— Virginia, 22,000 bushels. Celery (1938)— Florida, 
255,000 crates of early crop. Cucumbers (1938)— Louisiana. 8,000 bushels. Onions (1937)— Texas, 76.000 sacks of early crop; Massachusetts, 64,000 sacks; (1938)— Texas, 43,000 
sacks of early crop; Massachusetts, 250,000 sacks; New York, 236,000 sacks. Early Irish potatoes (1937)— Mississippi, 71,000 bushels. Strawberries (1938) — Louisiana, 99,000 
crates. Watermelons (1937)— Florida, 390,000 melons; Georgia, 1,600,000 melons; Mississippi, 174,000 melons; South Carolina, 420,000 melons; Oregon, 89,000 melons; Washing- 
ton, 81,000 melons; (1938)— Florida, 675,000 melons; Georgia, 2,304,000 melons; South Carolina, 1,000,000 melons. 

6 Includes Honey Ball, Honey Dew, Casaba, and Persian melons. 

7 States supplying cabbage for manufacture of kraut. 

8 Includes undetermined quantities used for manufacture in some .States. 

' There were 300 acres of spring-crop cauliflower killed by freezing weather in January. 

10 Estimates for Louisiana include Creole onions. 

11 Onions in Texas are planted with varying distances between rows, ranging from rows 12 inches apart in irrigated fields to rows 36 inches or more apart in nonirrigated 
fields. In the past the acreage has been published on the equivalent basis of rows approximately 12 inches apart. For example, acreages planted with rows 36 inches apart 
were divided by 3 to derive the published acreage. Beginning with this report, plantings of Texas onions will be published on an actual acreage basis, regardless, of the dis- 
tance between rows. This will result in larger acreage figures and lower yields than were published formerly; however, the production level will be unchanged. 

12 Commercial crop only— acreage and production included in estimates for total crop. 

13 Includes undetermined quantities used for canning, frozen pack, etc. 

i* Some spearmint is included in the acreage and production of peppermint for oil. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



289 



Statistics of Truck Crops for Manufacture or Canning, by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons 

Estimates of Commercial Acreage, Yield Per Acre, and Production of Specified Truck Crops Grown for Manufacture 



Asparagus 





Acreage 


Yield per acre ! 


Production 


State 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927-30 


1937 


1938 


California-. 


Acres 
42, 100 


Acres 
43, 750 


Acres 
47, 510 


Tons 
1.29 


Tons 

1. 17 


Tons 
0.94 


Tons 
54, 380 


Tons 
51, 190 


Tons 
44, 660 







lima Beans ' 



New Jersey 

Delaware 

Maryland .. 

Virginia 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Other States'.. 

Total, all States— . 



3 2, 530 


3 7, 060 


3 3,080 


3 4, 970 


'3,160 


3 460 


3 4,160 


325,420 



10, 200 
10, 100 
3,100 
6,000 
3,300 
1,900 
8,800 



43,400 



Lb. 

13, 000 3 1, 160 
10,800.3 1,110 
3,400| 3900 
6, 600 3 1, 410 
4, 200 1 3 920 
1,900 3 1,030 
12,070 3 1,043 



51,970 3 1,110 



Lb. 

1,130 

1,150 
920 

1,100 
950 
810 

1.041 



Lb. 

1,090 3 1,450 
1, 080 3 4, 000 



1,070 



910 

900 
1, 490 
1,370 
1,069 



1,1 



1,470 
3 3, 480 
3 1, 280 

3 240 
3 2, 160 



14, 080 



5,760 
5.810 
1,430 
3,300 
1,570 
770 
4,580 



23,220 



7,080 
5, K30 
1,550 
2.970 
3,130 
1,300 
6,450 



28, 310 



Snap Beans 



Maine 

New York 

Pennsylvania 

Indiana 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Delaware. 

Maryland _. 

South Carolina-.. 
Tennessee 

Mississippi _. 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Colorado 

Utah 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

Other States 4 

Total, all States 









Tons 


Tons 


Tons 






920 


1,460 


1,720 


2.5 


2.6 


2.9 


2,300 


3.800 


7.600 


8,100 


9.120 


1.6 


1.6 


1.8 


11.800 


13.000 


2,220 


2,200 


2,600 


1.4 


1.7 


1.5 


2,900 


3, 700 


2,480 


1,200 


1,000 


1.0 


1.5 


1.4 


2,300 


1,800 


4,390 


6,300 


6,700 


1.3 


1.3 


1.3 


5,400 


8,200 


5,850 


7,300 


8,700 


1.4 


1.3 


1.4 


7,700 


9.500 


1,220 


1,000 


1,100 


1.3 


1.7 


1.3 


1,400 


1.700 


8, 430 


10. 100 


10, 900 


1.3 


1.6 


1.7 


11,100 


16, 200 


650 


400 


300 


1. 1 


1.1 


1.0 


800 


400 


1,610 


2,250 


1,700 


1.1 


1.6 


1.3 


1,800 


3,600 


1,990 


2,150 


2.100 


.8 


. 7 


.8 


1.700 


1,500 


1,860 


2,350 


3. 100 


1.1 


1.1 


1.2 


1,800 


2, 6C0 


1,560 


1,750 


1,800 


1.0 


.9 


1. 1 


1,400 


1, 6 10 


1, 260 


1.050 


1. 150 


2.5 


3.3 


2.0 


3.400 


3.500 


700 


1,050 


1,100 


2.8 


3.2 


3.3 


1,800 


3,400 


560 


900 


1,060 


3.5 


4.2 


4.6 


1,800 


3,800 


740 


1,710 


2,240 


4.3 


6.3 


6.1 


3,200 


10, 800 


570 


1,480 


1,300 


4.0 


4.4 


4.5 


2,200 


6,500 


4,800 


10, 370 


10.210 


1.2 


.9 


1.2 


5,600 


9,700 


49,410 


63, 120 


67, 800 


1.45 


1.67 


1.77 


70, 400 


105, 300 



5, 000 
16, 400 
3,900 
1,400 
8,700 

12. 200 
1,400 

18, 500 

300 

2,200 

1,700 
3,600 
2,000 
3. 0C0 
3,600 

4,900 

13, 700 
5,800 

11,900 



Beets 



New York 

New Jersey 

Indiana. 

Michigan. 

Wisconsin 

Oregon 

Other States 4 

Total, all States. 



31,730 


4.000 


3,400 


3 5.7 


5.2 


7.5 


3 9, 500 


20, 800 


3 460 


1,050 


760 


3 7.1 


5.1 


6.8 


3 3, 100 


5,400 


3 280 


240 


300 


3 3.5 


3.3 


2.7 


3 1,000 


800 


3 530 


970 


1,450 


3 5.5 


4.9 


7.8 


3 2, 900 


4,800 


31,960 


3,300 


3,400 


3 7.0 


4.8 


7.2 


3 13, 100 


15, 800 


3 460 


600 


380 


3 4.4 


8.4 


5.2 


3 2, 000 


5,000 


31,180 


1,990 


2,800 


3 5.5 


5.0 


4.5 


3 6, 300 


9,900 


3 6,600 


12. 150 


12, 490 


3 5.94 


5.15 


6.57 


3 37.900 


62, 560 



25, 500 

5, 200 

800 

11, 300 
24, 500 

2. 000 

12. 700 



82. 000 



Cabbage for Kraut 



New York 

Ohio 

Indiana— 

Illinois 

Michigan. 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Colorado _. 

Washington 

Other States 4 

Total, all States. 



6,280 


8,600 


5,270 


9.7 


6.3 


15.2 


58, 700 


54, 200 


2,220 


1,800 


2,430 


8.5 


5.7 


8.0 


18,900 


10. 300 


1,410 


1, 350 


1, 1C0 


6.5 


6.4 


8.3 


8,600 


8, 600 


670 


590 


330 


6.6 


6.5 


8.2 


4,200 


3,800 


1,310 


1,400 


1,100 


7.5 


5.2 


10.4 


9, 800 


7,300 


4,640 


6,700 


4,550 


7.4 


5.3 


10.0 


34, 500 


35, 500 


330 


210 


200 


7.7 


4.3 


6.9 


2,700 


900 


330 


340 


230 


10.8 


9.9 


13.1 


3, 600 


3,400 


310 


300 


300 


8.8 


8.0 


8.0 


2,700 


2,400 


1,660 


3, 550 


1,740 


7.0 


6.3 


9.9 


11,000 


22, 500 


19, 160 


24, 84C 


17, 250 


8.22 


5.99 


11.14 


154,700 


148, 9C0 



80. 100 
19,400 
9,100 
2.700 
11,400 

45, 500 
1.400 
3.000 
2,400 

17, 200 



192,2011 



Pimientos 



California 


1,830 
7,120 


1,190 
11,000 


1.240 
17,400 


2.80 

1.38 


4.90 
1.20 


4.00 
1.40 


5,210 
9,650 


5,830 
13, 200 


4 960 


Georgia. 


24 360 






Total 


8,950 


12, 190 


18, 640 


1.68 


1.56 


1.57 


14, 860 


19, 030 


29 320 







Footnotes at end of table. 



Sweet Corn ' 



State 



Maine. 

New Hampshire... 

Vermont- 

New York 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa.. 

Nebraska 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Tennessee 

Washington 

Oregon... 

Other States 4 

Total, all States. 



Acreage 



10- 
year 

aver- 
age, 

1927-36 



Acres 

11,650 

880 

1,450 
19, 480 

5,860 
23, 170 
34, 920 
61, 920 

6,290 
11,510 
45, 590 
36, 310 

4,330 

3,120 
31,760 

2,630 

3 330 
3 1, 020 

3,440 



305, 440 



1937 



Acres 

18, 200 

750 

1,300 

22, 600 

9,500 

22, 200 

51, 400 

89, 100 

6,000 

30, 700 

72, 100 

54, 300 

3,200 

3,700 

38, 100 

2,730 

1,500 

4, 000 

7, 430 



438, 810 



1938 



Acres 

13, 000 

420 

1,190 
22, COO 

9,200 
21,800 
42, 400 
50, 300 

0,000 
26, 200 
55, 100 

33, 000 
2,000 
2,500 

34, 000 
2,600 
2. 400 
2,250 
9. 100 



341,460 



Yield per acre : 



10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 



Tons 
3.4 
2.8 
2.5 
1.8 
1.6 
1.8 
1.5 
2.0 
1.1 
2.1 
2.2 
2.2 
1.5 
2.2 
1.6 
2.4 
3 2.1 
3 1.5 
2.1 



1.95 



1937 



Tons 
3.5 
3.9 
2.5 
1.8 
2.0 
1.9 
2.1 
2.4 
1.4 
1.7 
2.4 
2.1 
.9 
2.7 
2.2 
2.8 
2.9 
2.4 
2.5 



2. 23 



1938 



Tons 
4.6 
4.4 
3.4 
3.0 
2.1 
2.1 
1.7 
2.6 
1.3 
2.2 
3.1 
2.5 
2.0 
2.4 
2.5 
3.4 
2.9 
2.4 
2.8 



2.57 



Production 



10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 

1927-30 



Tons 

39, 500 
2,400 
3,600 

34, 100 
9,200 

40, 800 
52, 000 

122, 000 

7,300 

23, 900 

98, 900 

77, 600 

7,300 

6,800 

50, 800 

6,000 

3 700 

3 1, 500 

7,500 



591,600 



1937 



Tons 

63, 700 

2,900 

3,200 

40, 700 

19, 000 

42, 200 

107, 900 

213, 800 

8,400 

52, 200 

173, 000 

114,000 

2,900 

10,000 

83, 800 

7,600 

4,400 

9,600 

18,800 



978, 100 



1938 



Tons 

59, 800 

1,800 

4,000 

66, 000 

19, 300 

45, 800 

72, 100 

146, 400 

7,800 

57, 600 

170, 800 

82, 500 

4,000 

6,000 

85, 000 

8.800 

7,000 

5,400 

25, 900 



876, 000 



Cucumbers for Pickles 



Massachusetts 

New York 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina 

Louisiana 

Texas.... 1... 

Colorado 

Washington __ 

Oregon 

California 

Other States 4 

Total, all States.. 















1,000 


1,000 








Bu. 


Bu. 


Bu. 


bushels 


bushels 


460 


600 


680 


129 


75 


170 


61 


45 


3,750 


3,100 


1.050 


104 


120 


95 


397 


372 


4,480 


6,000 


6,500 


54 


39 


52 


256 


234 


7,450 


7,500 


6, 500 


45 


65 


54 


358 


488 


1,800 


1,400 


800 


51 


73 


70 


87 


102 


21,540 


29, 000 


22, 000 


46 


70 


76 


1.022 


2,030 


10, 100 


17,000 


8,400 


48 


61 


77 


508 


1,037 


2,600 


2,520 


900 


37 


80 


73 


100 


202 


1,950 


3, 260 


1,100 


44 


62 


47 


84 


202 


1,470 


2,200 


1, or.o 


31 


68 


41 


43 


150 


1,660 


1,600 


1,960 


85 


80 


80 


134 


128 


2,370 


4,600 


5,200 


78 


80 


56 


177 


368 


1,400 


5,670 


4,600 


103 


75 


72 


139 


425 


770 


800 


700 


45 


70 


68 


34 


56 


1,480 


4,800 


4,000 


36 


50 


55 


56 


240 


1,730 


1, 860 


1, 200 


128 


206 


155 


204 


383 


410 


290 


, 230 


140 


192 


195 


57 


56 


890 


980 


800 


153 


156 


194 


134 


153 


2,330 


2,720 


1,960 


178 


228 


242 


425 


620 


8,440 


14, 170 


12, 000 


58 


53 


64 


465 


756 


77, 020 


110,070 


81, 640 


60.8 


73.1 


74.9 


4,741 


8,047 



1,000 

bushels 

116 

100 

338 

351 

56 

1,672 

647 

66 

52 

43 

157 

291 

331 

48 

220 

186 

45 

155 

474 

764 



6,112 



Green Peas ' 



Maine.. 

New York 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan.. _ 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia.. 

Montana 

Colorado 

Utah. 

Washington 

Oregon. 

Other States 4 

Total, all States.. 



1,560 

31, 440 

2,510 

4,470 

5,640 

13, 060 

11,020 

101,000 

15, 220 

2,560 

13, 200 

3 2, 740 

2,740 

3,180 

10,320 

5,800 

3 5, 990 

6,880 



236, 040 



3,480 

31, 600 

5,950 

4,760 

8,600 

18, 700 

16, 000 

108, 600 

24,450 

3,040 

20, 250 

5,900 

2,430 

3, 690 

14, 100 

26, 000 

21.200 

16, 070 



3,770 
31, 700 
6,400 
4,700 
7.100 

16. 260 
12,700 
98, 800 
20, 250 

3,420 
18. 900 
4,000 
1,700 
3,170 
14, 250 
27, 260 
20, 450 

17, 790 



334,820 312,620 1,555 1,602 1 



Lb. 

1,870 

1,270 

1,880 

1,230 

1,740 

1,430 

1,210 

1,440 

1,520 

1,770 

1.710 

3 1,920 
2,300 
1,760 
2,350 
2,250 

3 1,830 
1,921 



Lb. 

1,900 
1,360 
2,150 
2,050 

1, 940 
1,400 
1,410 
1,360 
1,500 
1,130 
1,800 
1,200 
2,490 
1,040 

2, 620 
2,170 
1,460 
1,920 



Lb. 

1,520 
1,870 
2,520 
1,300 
1,740 
1,370 
1,760 
2,000 
1,840 
820 
1,880 
2,100 
2, 340 
1,800 
2, 900 
1,890 
1, 690 
1,877 



Tons 
1,490 

20, 000 
2,340 
2.790 
5,050 
9,410 
6,620 

73, 400 

11,540 
2,190 

11,460 

3 2, 810 
3,130 
2,820 

12, 350 
2,620 

3 5, 060 
6,440 



182, 710 



Tons 
3,310 
21, 490 
6,400 
4,880 
8,340 
13,090 
11, 280 
73, 850 
18, 340 
1,720 
18, 220 
3.540 
3, 030 
3. 030 
18, 470 
28, 210 
15, 480 
15, 430 



268, 110 



Tons 

2,860 

29, 640 

8,060 

3,060 

6,180 

11,140 

11,180 

98, 800 

18, 630 

1,400 

17, 770 

4,200 

1,990 

2.950 

20, 660 

25, 700 

17,280 

16, 700 



298, 260 



Spinach 



Maryland 


1,740 


1,900 
8,000 
16, 720 
3,100 


1,300 

8,000 
9,470 
2,450 


Tons 
2.6 

4.3 


Tons 
1.4 
1.3 
2.6 
2.6 


Tons 
2.6 
1.2 
2.2 

2.0 


4, 70C 
44, 800 


2,700 
10, 401 
43, 500 

8,200 


3,400 


Texas .. 


9,600 




10, 470 


20, 800 


Other States 4 


4,800 








Total 


13, 530 


29, 720 


21, 220 


3.93 


2.18 


1.82 


51, 500 


64, 800 


38, 600 







290 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Statistics of Truck Crops for Manufacture or Canning, 
by States, 1937 and 1938, With Comparisons — Continued 



Tomatoes 





Acreage 


Yield per acre 2 


Production 


State 


10-year 
aver- 
age, 

1927-36 


1937 


1938 


10- 
year 
aver- 
age, 
1927- 

36 


1937 


1938 


10-year 
aver- 
age, 

1927-36 


1937 


1938 


New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Ohio 


Acres 
14, 000 
32, 600 
6,700 
12, 000 
68, 300 
7,300 
2,600 
5,200 

15, 700 
13, 600 
46, 600 
17, 600 

5,800 
9,600 

16, 600 
2,400 
5,600 

44, 200 
12,300 


Acres 

20, 400 
35, 300 
15, 400 

21, 000 
80, 700 

9,000 
6,100 
5,100 
14, 200 

13. 000 
61, 000 
25, 200 

3,900 
9,200 

14, 300 
4,700 
6,400 

83,030 
23, 070 


Acres 

18, 500 

33, 100 

16, 100 

21, 600 

72. 600 

8,600 

5,800 

5,200 

14, 100 

10, 400 

56, 000 

20, 900 

3,700 

8,000 

17,700 

2,900 

5,100 

43, 890 

22, 550 


Tons 
6.8 
5.2 
4.4 
5.6 
3.8 
3.2 
5.8 
3.5 
1.8 
3.5 
3.7 
3.0 
2.4 
2.2 
1.9 
6.6 
8.1 
5.4 
3.2 


Tons 
7.0 
3.9 
4.3 
3.3 
5.3 
4.9 
3.4 
5.9 
2.3 
3 3 
2.9 
2.6 
3.7 
2.4 
2.4 
5.4 
8.5 
5.4 
3.1 


Tons 
9.2 
4.2 
5.2 
6.8 
4.2 
4.5 
6.2 
4.6 
2.3 
3.2 
3.1 
3.1 
3.1 
2.9 
2.4 
4.1 

10.6 
6.0 
3.1 


Tons 
93.400 

168, 500 
31,800 
71, 500 

260, 700 
20, 800 
14, 600 
17.400 
31,900 
46, 500 

169, 200 
52, 600 
14, 100 
20. 800 
35, 600 
15,300 
44, 700 

238, 500 
37. 700 


Tons 
142. 800 
137, 700 
66. 200 
69. 300 
427, 700 
44, 100 
20. 700 
30, 100 
32, 700 
42. 900 
176. 900 
65, 500 
14, 400 
22. 100 
34, 300 
25, 400 
54, 400 
448, 400 
70, 700 


Tons 
170, 200 
139. 000 

83. 700 
146. 900 


Indiana 


304, 900 


Illinois 


38, 700 


Michigan... 

Iowa 


36, 000 
23, 900 


Missouri 


32, 400 


Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Arkansas 

Colorado 

Utah 


33, 300 
173, 600 
64, 800 
11,500 
23. 200 
42, 500 
11,900 
54. 100 


California 

Other States*... 


263. 300 
70, 300 


Total, all States. 


338, 700 


451,000 


386, 740 


4.09 


4.27 


4.46 


1,385,600 


1,926,300 


1,724,200 



1 Prouuction includes undetermined quantities of asparagus, lima beans, snap 
beans, sweet corn, green peas, and spinach, used for frozen pack. 

2 Yields of lima beans and green peas on a shelled basis and sweet corn on an un- 
husked basis. Tonnage unit is 2,000 pounds. Bushel of cucumbers approximately 
48 pounds. 

3 Short-time average. 

< For respective crops "Other States" conclude: lima beans — California, Colorado, 
Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsyl- 
vania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, and Washington, snap beans — Alabama, 
Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Missouri, 
Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Okla- 
homa, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wyoming, beets — California, 
Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, 
Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, Ohio, 
Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and 
Washington, cabbage for kraut — Iowa, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, 
Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and Virginia, sweet corn— 
Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Montana, Oklahoma, South Dakota, 
Texas, Utah, Virginia, and Wyoming, cucumbers for pickles — Alabama, Arizona, 
Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Kentucky, Maine, Mississippi, 
Nebraska, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, 
Utah and Wyoming, green peas— Arkansas, California, Idaho t Iowa, Kansas, 
Nebraska, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, and Wyoming, spinach— 
Arkansas and Oklahoma, tomatoes — Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, 
Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Mexico, North 
Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington, West Virginia, 
and Wisconsin. 



Iamb Feeding Situation, Dec. 1, 1938 

« 

The lamb feeding situation as of December 1 is somewhat 
different from what it appeared in early November. It now 
seems probable that as many lambs, if not more, will be fed in the 
Corn Belt States this season as last. Some reduction in these 
States was indicated by earlier reports. A considerable reduc- 
tion in feeding in the Western States, however, will keep the 
total number fed in all States below that of last season. 

The change in the Corn Belt situation resulted from a rela- 
tively heavy movement of feeder lambs into these States in 
November, both from stockyards markets and direct, and a very 
heavy direct movement in the last half of October. 

Shipments of feeder lambs and sheep through stockyards 
markets into the Corn Belt in November were more than one- 
third larger this year than last and were the largest for the month 
in 6 years. The November shipments brought the number for 
the 5 months, July through November, this year to a total larger 
than for this period last year. 

Records of direct shipments (not going through stockyards) for 
a number of important Corn Belt States give a total of directs for 
the 5 months somewhat larger this year than last. Railroad 
shipment records for Texas show a much larger number of sheep 
billed to country points in the Corn Belt States for the 4 months, 
July through October, this year than last and a continuing heavy 
movement in November is also reported. Such billings to 
Illinois, Missouri, and Kansas were much larger this year, but 
the Iowa total was sharply reduced. 

The indications early in December were that lamb feeding in 
the eastern Corn Belt would be in about the same volume this 
year as last, with increases in Ohio and Illinois offsetting decreases 
in other States. Feeding in the western Corn Belt seems to be 
on a larger scale this year than last, including in the total the 



wheat field lambs in Kansas and Nebraska. Increased feeding 
seems probable in Iowa, Missouri, and Kansas, with little change 
in Minnesota and a decrease in South Dakota. In Nebraska a 
reduction of 25 percent in the total in the Scottsbluff area 
probably will be largely, but not wholly, offset by increases 
elsewhere. 

Reports from the Western States indicate that the number of 
lambs in feed lots about December 1 was considerably smaller 
this year than last, with reductions probable in nearly all States. 
In Colorado a decrease of about 15 percent from a year earlier 
seemed probable, with most of the reduction in northern Colo- 
rado. For the other Rocky Mountain States, a small increase 
in Montana and decreases in Wyoming and New Mexico are 
reported. In the States west of the Continental Divide, not 
including Idaho, a decrease in the total on feed December 1 of 
about 15 percent, equal to about 90,000 head from a year earlier, 
is reported. The number in Utah and Oregon was smaller and 
in California and Nevada larger, with little change in Washing- 
ton. Available information points to a considerable reduction in 
Idaho, but no exact check has yet been made. 

The drought situation in Texas may have considerable influ- 
ence on the lamb feeding situation this winter. The failure of 
wheat pastures over much of the State has decreased the number 
of lambs fed in the State from what was earlier indicated, and 
the poor feed situation in the main sheep area has helped to 
maintain a heavy outshipment of lambs and other sheep. For 
the 4 months, July through October, railroad records show the 
shipments of sheep between Texas points as one-third smaller 
this year than last, a reduction of 150,000 head. Such shipments 
reflect, to a considerable extent, the movement of feeder lambs 
to Texas feeding areas. If the drought continues, and the feed 
situation becomes more serious in the main sheep section, a 
heavy movement of lambs and other sheep to feed lots outside 
the State may take place throughout the winter months. 



Employment on Farms of Crop Reporters, Dec. 1, 1938, With 
Comparisons 

Family Labor 





Persons per 100 farms 


State 


Oct. 
1, 1937 


Nov. 
1, 1937 


Dec. 
1, 1937 


Oct. 
1, 1938 


Nov. 
1. 1938 


Dec. 
1. 1938 


United States 


20-» 
154 
170 
lfi3 
162 
287 
312 
229 
155 
148 


200 
156 
167 
161 
163 
269 
308 
224 
151 
151 


190 
149 
164 
160 
160 
249 
267 
216 
151 
149 


200 
164 
171 
162 
166 
270 
305 
214 
156 
150 


198 
147 
166 
16" 
165 
258 
299 
221 
161 
150 


189 




148 


Middle Atlantic... _ 


166 


East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic. 


160 
166 
236 


East Soutli Central _ 

West South Central 

Mountain 


272 
201 
152 


Pacific 


151 







Hired Labor 



United States . 


110 

130 

96 

71 

50 

179 

153 

111 

84 

287 


104 
114 
87 
69 
51 
148 
153 
117 
95 
261 


90 
96 
68 
58 
39 
137 
141 
97 
84 
213 


no 

126 
112 
68 
50 
151 
154 
123 
104 
313 


101 

107 

88 

64 

51 

143 

140 

94 

113 

294 


83 


New England 


91 


Middle Atlantic 


72 


East North Central 


51 


West North Central 


45 
123 


Ea.H South Central 


111 


West South Central 


75 
67 




273 







Abnormally cold weather and near-completion of cotton 
picking resulted in a greater than usual decline in farm employ- 
ment during November. Total employment of hired and family 
workers on farms of approximately 22,500 crop reporters aver- 
aged 272 persons per 100 farms on December 1. The average 
was down sharply from a month earlier when 299 persons per 100 
farms were employed on farms and substantially under the aver- 
age of 280 persons reported on December 1 of last year. 

Subnormal temperatures during the last week in November in 
all except Pacific Coast States and snow cover over a large area 
in the northeastern part of the country retarded seasonal farm 
operations somewhat on December 1. Completion of the cotton 
harvest in many parts of the South, however, was the primary 
reason for the decline in the United States average of employment 
per 100 farms. 

In the Southeast, the number of hired workers dropped about 
twice as fast in November as a year ago. For the country as a 
whole an average of only 83 hired men were working on every 
100 crop reporter farms on December 1 as compared with 101 a 
month earlier and 90 a year ago. 



December 1938 



CEOPS AND MARKETS 



291 



Average Prices Received by Farmers for Farm Products, Nov. 15, 1937 and 1938, by States 



State and division 


Wheat, 

per 
bushel 


Corn, 

per 

bushel 


Oats, 

per 

bushel 


Barley, 

per 
bushel 


Kye, 

per 

bushel 


Buck- 
wheat, 

per 
bushel 


Flax- 
seed, 
per 
bushel 


Grain 
sor- 
ghums, 
per 100 
pounds 


Potatoes, 

per 

bushel 


Sweet- 
potatoes, 

per 
bushel 


Hay (all 
loose), 
per ton 


Cotton 
(lint), 

per 
pound 


Cotton- 
seed, 
per ton 


Apples 

per 
bushel 




1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 

Del. 

8.40 
10.10 

8.90 
17.00 
17.00 
16.70 


1938 


1937 
Ct. 


1938 
CT. 


1937 


1938 


1937 

Dot. 
1.05 

1.00 
90 
.90 
1.20 
1.10 

~~98 

.60 
.65 
.60 


1938 




Ct. 

142 


Ct. 

115 


CT. 

77 
80 
85 
90 
90 
90 


Ct. 
62 
60 
60 
60 
60 
60 

60.0 

58 
54 
54 


Ct. 
44 

47 
46 
45 
45 
45 

4477 

41 
37 

39 


Ct. 

39 
41 

42 
41 
41 
41 

40.0 

33 
33 

32 


Ct. 
65 


Ct. 
70 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 
80 


Ct. 

75 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 

34 
70 
60 
70 
65 
65 


Ct. 
43 
80 
80 
80 
75 
80 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Dot. 

8.30 
10.50 

8.40 
16.30 
16. 50 
14.20 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dot. 

1 10 




























1 25 








73 


60 






85 


75 






















1 20 
































1 10 








































1 05 








































1 10 











6373 

48 
50 
49 






8l7~0 

59 
77 
61 


7575 

51 
58 

51 




























New England 




86.9 


69.0 












39.3 


49.0 




11.66 


10.82 

7.20 
13. 50 
8.60 






1 12 






62 

71 
63 
















= 


= 










New York 


88 
96 
91 


71 
62 
60 


59 
62 
63 


78 
88 
76 


54 
62 

57 








50 
55 
60 


60 
55 
65 




8.00 
13.10 
10. 00 






80 












60 


95 










90 


Pennsylvania 


















80 


























Middle Atlantic 


90.5 


63.1 

58 
56 
56 
55 
63 

5676 

55 
53 
55 
47 
50 
51 
51 

50.9 

~60 
60 
68 
70 
79 
88 
90 


63.0 


55. 1 

38 
36 
37 
47 
44 

38.4 

32 
34 
38 
36 
33 
35 
38 

34.4 

~ 41 
44 
54 
64 
55 
46 
46 
55 

:777" 

~44 

47 
49 
49 

46 8 

~~47 
49 
41 
42 

440 

46 
47 
43 
60 
78 
58 
73 

48.5 

53 
55 
70 

60. 6 

ioTo 


39.7 

30 
28 
26 
33 
31 

2875 

24 
24 
30 
22 
23 
30 
31 

25~0 

~~ 51 

40 
50 
49 
56 
58 
62 
70 

57.2 

~ 39 

(47 

59 

50 

19~9 

~ 39 
47 
32 

38 

.3576 

"35 
32 
35 
36 
40 
50 
36 
50 

sTi 

33 
37 

48 

37.0 

2ST7 


32. 5 

24 
22 
21 
27 
35 

237*3 

17 
18 
23 
15 
16 
18 
21 

isTo 
~ 35 

35 
38 
40 
43 
46 
45 
45 

43. 6 

— 33 
37 
49 

46 

43772 

_ 36 
38 
25 
27 

2677 

~23 
26 
27 
26 
31 
41 
28 
41 

25.1 

36 
38 
40 

37.6 

22~5 


60.4 


48.4 

41 
41 
41 
48 
52 

49.7 

32 
30 
42 
24 
26 
26 
29 

28~3 


78.6 


57.8 


60.1 

67 
72 

75 
60 
67 

66.4 

64 
70 
75 
70 
60 


51.0 

54 
54 

48 
51 

5276" 

45 
69 
65 
50 

40 














54.7 


61.0 






8.93 


7.98 










.61 

.55 
.60 
.65 
.60 
.90 

"7 61 

1.05 
.95 
.65 


81 






= 













Ohio 


84 
82 
83 
82 
91 


45 
38 
42 

54 
54 


59 
52 
64 
57 
60 


70 
65 
63 
71 
64 


46 
41 
38 
40 
39 








75 
65 
70 
45 
45 


65 
55 
60 
43 
41 




7.80 
8.40 
9.50 
7.90 
9.30 


5.40 
6.20 
6.60 
6.70 
7.00 






1 00 


Indiana-. 










90 
70 


85 
50 










1 05 


Illinois 


185 
171 


155 
152 














1 15 


Michigan 










90 


Wisconsin 









605 










95 





















East North Central.. 


83.1 


43.4 


59.8 


65.6 


39.6 


179. 9 


153.6 




52.6 


48.1 


80.0 


8.66 


6.47 






98 






= 


= 











Minnesota 


90 
82 
80 
83 
80 
80 
81 


41 
41 
48 
47 
42 
53 
57 


51 
47 
60 
40 
39 
45 
48 


57 

58 
73 
52 
54 
59 
56 


29 
32 
51 
23 
25 
29 
32 


182 
170 
175 
175 
175 
170 
175 


161 
150 
153 
155 
156 

153 




35 
60 
70 
35 
55 
50 
65 


41 

60 
60 
35 
49 

55 

55 




5.40 
8.20 
7.70 
4.90 
5.50 
7.40 
7.80 

6 61 


3.80 
5.90 
5.60 
3.60 
4.20 
4.60 
5.30 






1 IS 


Iowa 






95 
SO 


80 
65 










1 15 


Missouri.. 


100 


95 


7.5 


8.8 


17.00 


21.80 


1 15 


North Dakota 




South Dakota 


















1.15 
1.00 
.80 
.78 

"755 
.65 
.50 
.55 
.60 
.85 
.80 

7JT 

Too 

.65 
.95 
1.00 

.17 

T 60 
1.05 
.75 
.95 

65 

~ 65 
60 
.90 
.70 
.85 

1.45 
.75 

1:15 

67 

. 70 
.75 
.60 
.68 
"764 


1 35 


Nebraska... 


no 

80 


53 
49 

56.9 














1 05 


Kansas 






85 


70 
688 

~" 60 

70 
00 










95 




66~8 

~ 70 
68 
78 
79 
81 


50~6 

n~5 

57 
70 
67 

74 













West North Central. 


81.9 


43.6 


45.8 


'55. 5 


26.5 


179. 1 


158.8 


88.2 


43.8 


47.3 


83.3 


4.70 






1.10 


Delaware. 


90 
88 
96 
98 
110 
116 
119 


IS 

55 
68 
77 
67 
62 
58 
63 




91 
85 
94 
87 
114 
140 
133 


72 
67 
77 
65 
■ 88 
117 
110 








60 
60 
70 
70 
70 
80 
80 
100 


60 
60 
65 
75 
65 
90 
90 
90 


50 
55 
50 


12. 60 
12.10 
12.50 
10.30 
13.90 
13.00 
12. 00 
10.10 


10.60 
10.40 
10.40 
9.90 
12.00 
11.30 
10.50 
10. 50 




' 






75 


Maryland 


61 
72 
67 

88 


50 
55 
49 
69 


















75 


Virginia... 










8.2 


8.8 


19.00 


23.00 


75 


West Virginia 










75 


North Carolina 










65 
65 
65 
70 


55 
55 
55 
60 
6.41 

'~65 
55 
60 
60 

59~3 

~70 
50 
80 
60 

59 


8.2 
8.0 
7.9 

8. (1 

sTo" 


9.0 
9.0 
8.8 
9.2 

8.91 


20.00 
20.00 
19.00 
18.00 


23.50 
25.30 

24.70 
22. 60 


80 


South Carolina 










1 00 




















90 


Florida 


















90 






6977 

73 

79 




5377 

"Til 

66 






76.9 

~80 
75 


66~J 

~70 
73 












South Atlantic 


98.4 


63.6 


67.4 


103. 8 


82.7 








73.5 


71. 1 


61.85 


2.261 


0.75 


9.512 


4.50 


.76 


Kentucky 


88 
99 
109 


54 
56 
58 
58 


75 
80 


87 
99 


61 
81 










80 
80 
90 
90 


70 
70 
85 
85 


70 
50 
60 
60 


10.311 
11.50 
9.90 
9.40 


7.50 
8.40 
8.50 
7.70 






90 


Tennessee 










7.5 
7.9 
8.1 

8.0 

Tls 
7.5 
6.9 
7.3 

7.3 


8.3 
8.5 

8.8 

"¥""" 

in 

8.4 

7.7 
8.2 

8.2 


18.00 
18. 00 
19.00 


23.90 
23.30 
24 f0 


85 


Alabama 










1 00 


Mississippi 






















1 10 






fi5~7 

Tis 




63~0 






77 















East South Central.. 


92.4 


56.1 


77.0 


92 1 


73.0 








8-1.1 


76.5 


58.5 


III 15 


7.97 


18.64 


24. 20 


.98 


Arkansas 


85 


53 
60 
53 

58 















95 


72 


85 
85 
85 
100 


95 
80 
85 
110 


70 
60 
95 
70 


8.911 
10.20 
8.20 
8.80 


7.30 
8.60 
5.50 
7.00 


17 00 
18.00 
18.00 
19.00 


22. 90 
22.20 
21.20 
22.00 


1 in 


Louisiana 


















1 40 


Oklahoma 


81 
84 


50 
53 

51.2 

^3 
41 
44 
48 
54 
73 
46 
62 

44.2 

~il 
50 
62 

.50.1 

5275 


56 

54 


40 
37 

31 
31 

37 

28 
44 
48 
36 

48 

31.5 

40 
43 
43 

4275 

it4~~7 


70 
75 


42 
55 










95 


68 
58 

60. 2 


1 on 


Texas 










80 


1 10 




-^ 


= 








West South Central. 


82.2 


56. 1 












83 6 


89.4 


93.4 


65 9 


8.80 


6.68 


18.37 


22. 20 


1.07 


Montana. 


86 
66 
77 
7fi 
88 
90 
75 
94 


65 
72 
61 
64 
79 
95 
80 
91 


50 
47 
50 
49 
60 
71 
52 
71 


50 
55 
58 
55 


20 
33 
28 
32 


164 


148 




49 
25 
50 
46 

70 
90 
40 
60 


65 
36 
65 
60 

75 
70 
46 
60 




8.311 
7.90 
6.90 
8.20 
9.00 
10.00 
7.70 
8.30 


5.40 

7.00 
6.40 
7 10 
8.00 
7.00 
7.50 
5.50 






65 


Idaho.. 






















75 


Wyoming 






170 




















1 20 


Colorado 








80 
90 
100 


47 
50 
80 














65 


New Mexico 














8.0 
9.0 


8.9 
9.8 


20.00 
20. 00 


23. 00 
22. 00 


1 10 


Arizona 


















1 60 


Utah 


63 


41 














60 


Nevada 


























1 10 




















5277 




— 


'To 


"97i 








Mountain... 


76.3 


69. 1 


5(1 1 


53.7 


26. 1 






89.1 


35. 1 


45.4 




8.05 


6.59 


20. 00 


22.40 


74 


Washington 


70 
71 
87 


60 
60 
81 


55 
57 
57 


65 
66 

70 


50 
43 
56 












30 
40 
65 


55 
55 
50 




8. 90 

8.90 
13.00 


9.50 
8.40 
7.30 






90 


Oreson 


























80 


California 






200 


177 


115 


88 


140 


90 


8.8 


9.1 


22.00 


22 90 


55 




3~i« 


O" 




Pacific 


73.5 


68.4 


56.9 


66.2 










49.6 


52.3 




11 13 


7 98 






.83 


United States.. 


81.9 


Is II 


50. 7 


60.8 


32. 'i! 


181.0 


l.v.i s 


86 2 


59. " 


51. 2 


54.7 


63 9 


59 « 


S 71 


6, R2 


rrs 


8 52 


'19 01 


23.i8 


T86 



Average Prices Received by Farmers for Farm Products, Nov. 15, 1938, With Comparisons 

Chiek- 
1 '■ 1 en e s r ' 

pound 



5-year average, August 1909 to 

July 1914 

November average, 1909-13 

1933, Nov. 15 _. 

1934, Nov. 15. 

1935, Nov. 15 

1936, Nov. 15... 

1937, Nov. 15. 

Dec. 15 

1938, Jan. 15 

Feb. 15 

Mar.- 15 

Apr. 15 _. 

May 15 

June 15 

July 15 

Aug. 15 

Sept. 15. 

Oct. 15 

Nov. 15 



Wheat, 


Corn, 


Oats, 


Barley, 


Rye, 


Buck- 
wheat, 


Pota- 
toes, 


Sweet- 
pota- 


Flax- 
seed, 
per 
bushel 


Apples, 


Cotton, 


Cotton- 


Butter- 


Milk 
(whole), 


Eggs, 


per 


per 


per 


per 


per 


toes, 


per 


per 


seed, 


fat, per 


whole- 


per 


bushel 


bushel 


bushel 


bushel 


bushel 


bushel 


bushel 


per 
bushel 


bushel 


pound 


per ton 


pound 


sale, 
100 lb. 


dozen 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Dollars 


Cents 


Dollars 


Cents 


Dollars 


Cents 


88.4 


64.2 


39.9 


61.9 


72.0 


73.0 


69.7 


87.8 


169.1 


0.96 


12.4 


22.01 


26.3 


1.60 


21.5 


87.3 


59.4 


38.2 


60.5 


71.7 


70.2 


61.4 


72.8 


163.3 


.80 


12.1 


21.33 


28.5 


1.84 


27.8 


71.1 


40.6 


31.4 


41.6 


55.4 


52.5 


68.7 


56.4 


155.1 


.73 


9.6 


13.67 


20.4 


1.55 


24.0 


88.1 


75.7 


51.1 


75.9 


71.9 


55.5 


45.8 


65.0 


161.7 


.89 


12.3 


37.08 


27.2 


1.77 


28.6 


87.6 


56.4 


25.8' 


37.8 


40.4 


52.1 


62.1 


59.6 


153.2 


.69 


11.5 


33.27 


29.9 


1.87 


30.1 


106.4 


94.6 


44.2 


82.7 


81.5 


76.8 


98.0 


79.5 


190.2 


1.06 


12.0 


33.28 


33.1 


2.09 


32.5 


81.9 


48.0 


28.7 


50.7 


60.8 


63.9 


51.2 


63.9 


181.0 


.64 


17.8 


' 19. 01 


36.2 


2.22 


28.0 


83.6 


48.5 


29.1 


50.8 


59.2 


64.3 


53.0 


69.3 


181.2 


.69 


7.6 


18.68 


38.4 


2.22 


26.0 


88.6 


52.2 


30.0 


54.0 


64.1 


66.5 


54.1 


75.8 


192.7 


.72 


7.9 


18.89 


33.5 


2.10 


21.6 


86.6 


51.7 


30.0 


54.8 


63.4 


67.9 


54.6 


79.3 


190.7 


.69 


8.1 


19.63 


30.5 


1.98 


16.4 


80.3 


51.3 


29.4 


52.9 


58.7 


70.1 


56.6 


82.4 


185.6 


.68 


8.4 


20.35 


29.8 


1.88 


16.2 


75.0 


52.7 


28.3 


50.4 


52.2 


69.8 


56.0 


82.0 


180.3 


.69 


8.4 


20.93 


27.0 


1.72 


15.9 


71.4 


52.7 


27.5 


49.0 


49.8 


72.1 


55.6 


83.6 


174.0 


.74 


8.4 


21.93 


25.0 


1.57 


17.6 


69.7 


52.3 


25.3 


42.9 


46.0 


72.2 


63.7 


84.0 


161.9 


.78 


8.0 


21.67 


23.7 


1.52 


18.2 


60.8 


53.7 


24.0 


38.9 


41.1 


73.9 


65.5 


88.7 


160.7 


.81 


8.4 


21.00 


24.2 


1.56 


19.9 


50.7 


48.5 


20.3 


34.5 


32.4 


65.6 


52.8 


87.2 


154.9 


.76 


8.1 


21. 36 


24.1 


1.60 


21.0 


52.5 


48.0 


21.8 


35.3 


32.0 


59.4 


47.8 


72.8 


159.2 


.78 


8.2 


21.16 


24.1 


1.67 


24.9 


52.2 


41.9 


22.1 


36.1 


32.9 


54.5 


51.0 


63.1 


162.5 


.80 


8.5 


22.42 


24.4 


1 1.75 


27.1 


52.0 


40.0 


22.5 


34.7 


32.1 


53.4 


54.7 


59.6 


159. 8 


.86 


8.5 


23.08 


25.0 


1.80 


29.0 



Cents 
11.4 
10.8 
8.8 
11.7 
15.9 
13.2 
16.9 
16.4 
16.7 
16.0 
15.9 
16.2 
16.1 
15.7 
15.0 
14.2 
14.3 
13.6 
13.6 



1 Revised. 



292 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Average Prices Received by Farmers for Farm Products, Nov. 15, 1937 and 1938, by States — Continued 



State and division 


Hogs, 
per 100 
pounds 


Beef 
cattle, 
per 100 
pounds 


Veal 
calves, 
per 100 
pounds 


Sheep, 
per 100 
pounds 


Lambs, 
per 100 
pounds 


Milk 

cows, 

per head 


Horses, per 
head 


Mules, per 
head 


Chick- 
ens, per 
pound 


Tur- 
keys, 
per 
pound 


Butter, 

per 
pound 


Butter- 
fat, per 
pound 


Eggs, 

per 

dozen 


Wool 

per 

pound 




1937 

Dol. 
8.90 
8.90 
8.70 
8.90 
9.10 
8.90 


1938 

'DoT. 
8.20 
7.70 
7.40 
8.00 
8.70 
8.00 


1937 

DoT. 
5.70 
5.50 
5.20 
5.50 
5.50 
5. 50 


1938 

Dot. 
5.20 
5.00 
4.70 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


193S 


1937 

~CL 
38.6 
41.5 
39.5 
42. 6 
40.7 
39.7 


1938 

~cT. 

37.9 
40.0 
38. 5 
41.7 
39.9 
40.2 


1937 

~cT. 
32 

28 
30 
30 
32 
32 


1938 




Dol. 
9 10 
8.90 
8.20 
8.80 
9.80 
9.70 


Do!. 
9.00 
7.80 
7.80 
8.00 
9.50 
9.30 


Dol. 
4.60 
4.20 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 


Dol. 
4.40 
4.20 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 


Dol. 
7.90 
8.60 
8.00 
8.60 
8. 60 
8. 60 


Dol. 
8.20 
8.20 
7.80 
9.00 
9.00 
9.00 


Dol. 
67 
83 
73 
93 
93 
88 


Dol. 
62 
86 
71 
96 
93 
89 


Dol. 
161 
140 
160 
160 
160 
150 


Dol. 
156 
120 
145 
155 
155 
147 


Dot. 


Dol. 


Ct. 
18.9 
19.9 
18.1 
21.0 
21.0 
21.8 


Ct. 
17.0 
17.2 
16.5 
18.1 
19.0 
17.fi 


Ct. 

26 
26 
25 
27 
27 
27 


Ct. 
21 
25 
25 
26 
26 
26 


Ct. 
36 
38 
39 
38 
38 
38 


Ct. 
31 
31 
31 
31 
31 
30 


Ct. 

38 
39 
40 
40 
40 
40 


Ct. 
33 
32 
32 
32 
32 
31 


Ct. 

?9 


New Hampshire 

Vermont 


22 

2? 


Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 


23 
?4 




24 






New England 


8.88 


7.97 


5.47 
.5730 
6.00 
8.00 


4.97 
:, .Mi 
5.50 
7.00 


8.81 


8.33 










79. 20 


78.50 










20.3 


17.5 


26. 4 


25.2 


37.0 


31. 


39.5 


32.3 


40.7 


40.0 
36. s 
39.4 
34.9 

36.3 


— 30 
32 
33 

31.7 












9. 10 
10.20 
9.70 


8.00 
8.60 
8.00 


9.90 
11.00 
10.40 


9.50 
10.40 
9.90 


4. 20 
4.30 
4.30 


3.85 
4.80 
3.40 


8. 70 
9.70 
8.70 


7. 80 
8.90 
7.30 


85 
124 

82 


82 
115 

82 


157 
135 
138 


152 
129 
134 


147 
145 
142 


160 
130 
13fi 


20. 

23.9 
20.0 


17.3 
19.0 
17.0 


26 
29 
27 


25 
25 
24 


38 
39 
36 


29 
31 
29 

29.0 


36 
39 
36 

36~0 


26 
30 
27 

2(75 


36.7 
38.8 
35. 6 

3777 


23 




24 


Pennsylvania 


25 






Middle Atlantic 


9.59 


8.05 


7 02 

STOO 
8.90 
8.40 
6.70 
5.00 


6.49 

7730 
7.40 
7.80 
6.70 
5.50 


10.15 


9.70 


4.26 


3.60 


8. 70 7. 52 


86. 20 


S3 90 


146.40 


142. 00 






20. 6 


17.5 


2fi 7 


24.4 


36.9 


24.1 


Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 


8.50 
8.60 
8.50 
8.40 
8.00 


7.50 
7.50 
7.40 
7.60 
7.00 


10. 00 
9.90 
9.30 

10.00 
8.40 


9.90 
9.70 
9.10 
10.20 
8.30 


3.35 
3.10 
3.75 
3.60 
3.00 


3 00 
3.05 
3.20 
3.10 
2.55 


8.60 
9.00 
8.80 
8.90 
8.20 


7.70 
7.90 
7.80 
7.70 
7.00 


58 
59 
62 
63 
73 


56 
56 
62 

65 
68 


117 
115 
94 
135 
129 


108 
105 
92 
117 
126 


118 
122 
108 
125 
112 


100 
111 
107 
112 
117 


18.6 
17.6 
17.1 
17.6 
16.9 


11 6 
13.3 
12.8 
14.8 
12.6 


21 
19 
18 
20 
20 


20 
17 
16 
18 
18 


35 
36 
36 
37 
37 


27 
28 
29 
28 

27 


35 
35 
35 
38 
41 


23 
23 
24 
26 

28 


30.9 
27.6 
26.3 
31.2 
28.0 


30.8 
26.9 
27.0 
32. 

28. 9 


31 
32 

29 
30 
29 


23 
22 
22 
23 
22 


East North Central- 


8.47 


7.42 


7 '.is 

(Too 

8.70 
7.80 
6.30 
7. 00 
7.70 
7. 10 


7.26 
6740 
8.20 
7.50 
6.00 
7.20 
7.60 
6.90 


9 2 s 


9. 19 


3.40 

3770 
3.60 
4.20 
3.50 
3.50 
3.65 
3.85 


3.02 

37oo 

3.50 
3.65 
3.20 
3.60 
3.90 
3.50 


8.72 

8760 
8.50 
8.70 
8.10 
8.30 
8.30 
8.10 


7.69 


65. 00 


62.80 


112.50 


105. 70 


113.10 


107.40 


17.6 


13.6 

10.6 
11.8 
11.5 
9.9 
10.6 
11.2 
11.0 


19.8 

20 
19 
16 
18 
16 
17 
16 


18.0 

17 
17 
14 
17 
16 
15 
14 


36.0 

38 
37 
33 
36 
37 
35 
35 


27.9 

27 
26 
27 
27 
27 
26 
27 


37.fi 

39 
38 
33 
35 
35 
34 
33 


25.4 

27 
26 
23 
24 
23 
22 
23 


28.7 

23.4 
23. 1 
23.2 
26.8 
22.0 
21.0 
21.6 


29.0 
25. 2 
24.4 
24.6 
26.7 
23.5 
22.4 
22.7 


30. 5 
~ 30 
30 
30 
26 
25 
24 
28 


22.6 


Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 


8.30 
8.00 
8.30 
7.90 
8.00 
8.00 
8.20 


7.20 
7.20 
7.30 
6.60 
7.10 
7.10 
7.20 


8.20 
8.30 
9.10 
7.70 
7.00 
7.50 
7.70 


8.00 
8.40 
9.00 
7.30 
7.40 
8.00 
8.00 


7.50 
7.40 
7.50 
6.60 
7.00 
7.70 
7.30 


62 
59 

47 
51 
50 
52 
49 


61 
60 
47 
50 
51 
55 
53 


103 
98 
81 

75 
75 
73 
72 


86 
84 
74 
69 
69 
68 
66 


102 
110 
115 
79 
86 
90 
94 


93 
98 
100 

75 
79 
83 
83 


15.5 
16.8 
15.4 
13.8 
15.3 
14.9 
14.3 


~ 20 
22 

21 


North Dakota 


17 


South Dakota.. 


18 


Nebraska __ 

Kansas 


17 
17 


West North Central.. 


8. 11 


7. 19 


7.61 
8~00 
7.90 
6 80 
7.00 
5 70 
4.70 
4.20 
4. 75 


7.39 

7750 
7.40 
6.50 
6.20 
5.80 
4.80 
4.75 
4.45 


S (is 


8.13 


3.72 

3780 
3.80 
3.35 
3.60 
4.60 
4.30 
4.00 
4.00 


3.47 


8.43 


7.32 


54. 70 


55. 60 


83. 60 


74. 50 


103. 10 


91.20 


15. 5 


11.2 


18.1 


16.2 


35.2 


26.7 


36.4 


25. 


22. 7 


24. 1 


28.0 


19.4 


Delaware... 


9.80 
9.80 
9.00 
9.10 
9.40 
8.70 
7.80 
7.10 


8. 20 
8.10 
7.60 
7.40 
7.90 
7.50 
6. 90 
6. 30 


10. 50 
10.40 
9.30 
8.90 
8.00 
6.20 
6.20 
6. 00 


10 40 
10 20 
9.10 
8.50 
7.80 
6.60 
6.30 
6.30 


3.20 
3.40 
2.90 
3.35 
4. 50 
4.60 
4.20 
3.50 


9 00 
9.00 
8.30 
8.30 
8.00 
6.30 
6.40 
6.40 


7.60 

8.30 
7.50 
7.20 
7.00 
6.00 
6.20 
6 00 


69 
74 
49 
44 
42 
39 
35 
46 


67 
68 
50 
43 
43 
41 
36 
45 


112 
130 

127 
114 
118 
100 
101 
95 


103 
116 
115 
106 
115 
100 
96 
88 


145 
143 
144 
105 
163 
155 
150 
135 


139 
129 
139 
99 
160 
150 
142 
130 


22.0 
21.6 
18.8 
17.0 
10.7 
17.6 
16. 9 
19.0 


17.4 
17.4 
15.9 
14.5 
15.3 
10. 7 
15.8 
17.6 


24 
24 
20 
21 
20 
20 
19 
22 


23 
22 
19 
18 
19 
20 
19 
20 


34 
30 
25 
28 
26 
28 
26 
33 


2w 

26 
22 
24 
24 
27 
24 
30 


36 
30 
31 
32 
31 
30 
28 
32 


29 

27 
22 
21 
24 
24 
24 
30 


33. 6 
32.7 
31.8 
31.8 
32.0 
32.0 
31.7 
36.8 


31.9 
33.3 
30.8 
31.6 
31.4 
31.0 
31.2 
34.0 


35 
35 
35 
34 
33 
32 
30 
33 


26 


Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 


26 
25 
?5 


North Carolina. 

South Carolina 


24 
?4 


Georgia.. 


?4 


Florida 


19 


South Atlantic 


S. 53 


7 32 


5.44 

6770 

5.90 
4.05 
4. 15 


5. 35 

fTso 

5.90 
4.35 
4.20 


8 03 


7 96 


". 1,2 


3 30 


s 33 


7.38 


45 90 


46 00 


121.50 


111. 11 


146.60 


140.70 


18.5 


16.2 


21.1 


19.8 


26.7 


24.1 


30. 9 


22.9 


32.4 

21. 3 
26.5 
28.0 
27.0 

2675 


31.8 

26.3 
26 6 
27.4 

25.7 

26. 6 


34.3 

36 
30 
29 
26 

3377 


25.0 


Kentucky.-- 


8.40 
8.20 
7.60 
7.70 


7. 30 
7.20 
6.50 
6.50 


9.K 
8.10 
5. 60 
5.80 


8 HO 
8.10 
6.20 
5.80 


3. 35 
2.60 
4.00 
3.80 


277. 

2.85 
3.1 50 
3.10 


9. 10 
7 30 
7 00 
6.00 


7 SO 
6.90 
5 80 
5 00 


42 
39 
33 
33 


44 
42 
35 
33 


91 
97 
82 
83 


83 
92 
80 
78 


121 
136 
128 
122 


109 
130 
120 
112 


15. y 
14.8 
13.5 
15.0 


12.6 18 
12.1 17 
13.8 17 


16 
15 
17 
16 


28 
24 
25 


25 
21 
23 


32 
31 
29 
31 


20 
22 
22 
24 


27 


Tennessee.. _ _.. 

Alabama 


24 
22 


Mississippi 


14.0 


IS 


29 26 


19 


East South Central... 


7 96 


6 86 


5 20 
57oT) 
1.90 
5. 90 
5. 20 


5.23 

4785 
4.40 
5. 80 
5. 40 


7. 2. r 


7.31 


3. 18 
f:7 

3. fiO 
4.20 

4. fi.5 


2.97 

3745. 
3.80 
3.90 
4.30 


8 41 

tTTo 

5. 46 
8. 30 

•',. 80 


7.31 

r 7To 

5.20 
B 90 
6 00 


37.0 


38 70 


91.30 


85. 00 


128.60 


119 80 


15.0 


12.8 


17.6 


16.0 


25.8 21.0 


31.4 


21 4 


25.5 


Arkansas 

Louisiana 


7. 5(1 
7.10 
7.90 
7.70 


6. 7(1 
6.20 
7.00 

7. 10 


7. 511 
6.20 
7.20 
6.20 


7.30 
5. 80 
7.40 
6.40 


35 
35 
40 
36 


37 
36 
42 
39 


71 
69 
65 
65 


fi6 
61 
59 
58 


105 
108 
94 
95 


9fi 
99 
84 
89 


13.7 
15.7 
13.0 
12.8 


11 5 
15.2 
11.2 
12.0 


15 
20 
14 
14 


14 
18 
14 
14 


29 
31 
33 
30 


27 
28 
27 
27 


32 
31 
32 
31 


22 
21 
22 
22 


23.4 
26.2 
21.8 

22 8 


24.4 
25.9 
23.3 
24.7 


27 
29 
22 
24 


19 
21 


Oklahoma 

Texas.. 


14 
22 






West South Central.. 


7. 57 


6, SO 


5. 27 
6.00 
5.50 
6.60 
7.00 

6. 10 
7.00 
5,70 
6. 50 


5. 35 

Oi 

5.40 
6 30 
fi, 80 
5.30 
fi. 00 
5.50 
fi. 50 


6 fif 


fi 72 


4.fi0 

TTto 

3.70 
4. 15 
3.70 
3.75 
3. CO 
4.00 
3. 70 


4. 26 

T7o? 

3.50 
4. 10 
3. 40 
3. 00 
2.60 
3.00 
3 50 


:.79 

79 1 
7.30 
8.20 
8.20 
7.00 
8. 10 
7.80 
7.90 


"..01 

iTfili 

fi. 30 
fi. 80 
7.60 
6. 00 
6.50 
fi. 60 
6.90 


36. 70 


39. 10 

55 
53 
52 
52 
43 
61 
56 
65 


65.70 


59. 20 


95. 20 


88 40 


13 2 


11.7 


14. 1 


14 1 

18 
17 
19 
16 
19 
20 
17 
22 


30.4 

37 
36 
37 
36 
36 
36 
38 
41 


27.0 

31 
29 
29 
29 
31 
30 
30 
30 


31.fi 

34 
36 
35 
33 
36 
37 
38 
38 


22.0 

25 
26 
24 
23 
23 
25 
27 
28 


22. s 

34.1 
27.2 
32.4 
29.4 
32.0 
34.0 
29.4 
33. 8 


24.3 

34.9 
31.2 
31.9 
29.6 
32.7 
36.0 
31.4 
37.0 


24.1 

24 
23 
26 
27 
25 
25 
24 
25 


21.7 


Montana 


8.30 
8.10 
8.40 
8.20 
9 00 
8.90 
8.40 
8.60 


7 80 
7.50 
7.30 
7. 60 
7. 10 
7.60 
7.40 

8 00 


7. 60 
6.90 
7.90 
7.90 
7.30 
7.10 
7.80 
8.00 


7. 90 
6.40 
7.70 
8.30 
6.40 
6.70 
7.30 
7. SO 


53 
55 
55 
51 
46 
65 
63 
67 


58 
87 
70 
78 
1 60 
1 75 
89 
Sfi 


54 
71 
70 
67 

45 
75 
75 
84 


68 
85 
85 
98 

'75 

191 

185 

91 


65 
70 
80 
83 
65 
85 
77 
90 


15 ;: 
13.6 
15.8 
13.6 
14.0 
19.5 
14.3 
18.3 


14.4 
13.8 
13.5 
12.6 
12.8 
19.8 
12.1 
17 


19 
16 

18 
18 
19 
21 
19 
24 


20 


Idaho 


21 


Wvoming 

Colorado 


19 
19 


New Mexico.. 


19 


Arizona.. 


19 


Utah... 


19 


Nevada.. 


19 






Mountain 


8. 30 


7.52 


6 40 

5~90 

6.50 
fi 90 


i\ 1! 

5 fill 
5.70 
6.20 


7 54 


7 42 


4 00 

3740 

7.80 

3. 90 


3. 51 


7 80 


fi 69 


54. 30 


5.3. 10 


1 70. 70 


63. 2( 


'SS. 10 


76. 90 


14. e 

14.5 
14.8 
20. 7 


13.5 

15.3 
15.3 
18.0 


18.2 

20 
18 
22 


17.5 

17 
18 
18 


36 fi 

36 
36 
38 


30 

30 
30 

28 


35.1 

35 
36 
40 


24.9 

2fi 
27 
30 


30 3 

28.8 
28. 5 

32.4 


31.8 

31.5 
32.4 
33.2 


24.9 

25 
26 
17 


19.4 






Washington 


8. 40 
8.20 
9.20 


7.70 
7.70 
8. 10 


8. 10 
7.50 
8.70 


8. 10 
7. SO 
8.20 


3. 00 

3.30 
3 20 


7. 50 
7.50 

8, 20 


fi. 30 
6.20 
7.00 


70 
60 
74 


59 
53 
66 


s: 
90 
107 


71 
71 

81 


100 
95 
114 


82 
75 
90 


20 


Oregon 

California 


20 
17 








Pacific. _ 


8. 85 


7. 95 


fi 67 
6~53 


5. 99 
6~32 


8.30 


8.09 


3 XI 
3795 


3.21 


7.89 


l, lifi 


To 10 


61.40 


93. 00 


75 30 


102.80 


82.30 


18.6 


17.0 


20. (' 


17.9 


36.4 


29.5 


37.6 


28 ( 


31.0 


32.7 


20.9 


18.3 


United States 


8.251 7 25 


8.34 


8. 27 


3 ':,:: 


7.87.6.82 


57. 50 


57. Oil 


187. SO 


79.41 


'107.10 


97. 61 


16. 9 


13 >■ 


17.9 


17. 1 


32 


26. h 


36. 2 


25.0 


JS 1 


29 ( 


26 


20.5 



Average Prices Received by Farmers for Farm Products, Nov. 15, 1938, With. Comparisons — Continued 



Date 



5-year average. August 
1909 to July 1914 

November average, 
1909-13 

1933. Nov 15 

1934. Nov. 15 

1935. Nov. 15 

1936 Nov. 15 

1937, Nov. 15 

Dec. 15 

1938, Jan. -5 

Fer. 15 

Mar. 15 

Apr. 15 

May 15 

June 15. 

July 15 r . 

Aug. 15— 

Sept. 15 

Oct. 15 

Nov. l.'i 

1 Revised. 



Hogs, 

per 100 

lb. 



Dol. 
7.22 

6.96 
3.70 
5.04 
8.54 
8.74 
8.25 
7.54 
7.59 
7. 74 
8.35 
7.77 
7.35 
8.00 
8.56 
7.81 
8.07 
7.28 
7.25 



Beef. 

cattle 

per 100 

lb. 



Dol. 
5.21 

5.01 
3.33 
3.81 
6.05 
5.97 
6.53 
fi.OS 

5 93 

5. SO 

6. 11 

6 30 
6.25 
6.38 
6.74 
6. 38 
6.46 
6.33 
6.32 



Veal 

calves, 

per 100 

lb. 



Dol. 
6.75 

6.74 
4.66 
4.97 
7.65 
7.46 
8.34 
8.09 
8 32 
S. 23 
8. 17 
8.00 
7.62 
7.73 

7 88 
7.95 

8 31 
8.28 
8.27 



Sheep 

per 100 

lb. 



Dol. 
4.53 



4.15 
2.38 
2.55 
3.89 
3.58 
3.95 
3.86 
3.67 
3.61 
3.97 
3.90 
3 59 
3.43 
3. 4fi 
3.40 
3.38 
3.36 
3 53 



Lambs, 

per 100 

lb. 



Dol. 
5.87 

5.31 
4.95 
4.84 
7.57 
7.23 
7.87 
7.48 
7.15 
6.63 
7.35 
7.23 
fi. 90 
6.84 
6.84 
6 59 
6.46 
6.37 
6.82 



Wool, 
per lb. 



Ct. 

18.3 

18.5 
23.8 
19.2 
22.6 
27.2 
26.0 
23.6 
21.6 
20.2 
18.9 
18.3 
18.7 
17.7 
18.7 
19.5 
IS. 7 
19.7 
20.5 



Milk 

cows, 

per 

head 



Dot. 
48.00 

47.80 
32 10 
33. 10 
49.90 
52. 60 
57. 50 
57.20 
56.80 
57. 00 

56. 90 

57. 00 
56. 50 
56.80 
56.70 

55. 90 
55.80 

56. 30 
57.00 



Horses. 
per 
head 



Dot 

136.60 

133.00 
62. 50 
72.20 
88. 90 
90.50 

i 87. 80 
86.20 
87.60 
89.00 
88. 60 
88.00 
87. 50 
86.30 
85.70 
82. 60 
81.70 
79.90 
79 40 



Mules, 
per 
head 



Dol. 
153. 90 



73. 60 
87. 10 
104. 00 

108. 60 
1 107 10 

103. 10 
106.40 

109. 30 
10S. 50 
107 10 
106. 30 

104. 80 
102 10 

99.70 
99 90 
98.80 
97.60 



Loo^e hay, per ton 



All 
hay 



Dol. 
11.87 

11.89 
7.69 

13.58 
7.25 

10. 73 
8.74 
8.79 
8.79 
8.71 
8.51 
8.17 
7.91 
7.48 
7.11 
6.82 
6.70 
6.72 
6.82 



Alfalfa 



Dol. 



8.26 

15 28 

8.27 

12. 16 

10. 56 

10 74 

10.73 

10. 40 

10.17 

9.83 

9. IS 

8.32 

8.16 

7.75 

7.73 

7.74 

7.92 



Clover 
and 

timo- 
thy 

mixed 



Dol. 



8.85 
15. 62 
8.57 
12. 14 
9.84 
10.09 
10. 19 
1C.06 
9.97 
9 47 
9.02 
8.64 
8.19 
7. fiS 
7.75 
7 76 
8.04 



Prai- 
rie 



Dol. 



5.35 
12.09 
5.78 
7.91 
5.82 
5.90 
5. 79 
5.74 
5.61 
5.76 
5.45 
4.91 
4.74 
4.43 
4.36 
4.44 
4.29 



Seed, per bushel 



Alfalfa 



Dol. 



5.12 
10.27 

7.50 
11.84 
15.55 
13.68 
13.67 
14.53 
15.48 
15 88 
15.65 
15.28 
14.35 
11.88 

9.97 

9.72 
10.39 



Red 
clover 



Dol. 
9.13 

8.62 
6.00 
10 98 
8.25 
14.09 
17.38 
16.83 
17.37 
18. 39 
18.64 
19.17 
18. ..4 
17.75 
16.35 
8.54 
6.83 
7.69 
7.90 



Timo- 
thy 



Soy- 
beans, 

per 
bushel 



Dol. 



2.20 
7.37 
1.19 
2.52 
1.17 
1.19 
1.40 
1.40 
1.49 
1.43 
1.40 
1.26 
1.25 
1 22 
1.22 
1.19 
1.19 



Dol. 



1.12 
.83 
.83 
.88 
.93 
.89 
.85 
.87 
.86 
.85 
.75 
.71 
.64 
.63 



Cow- 
peas, 
per 

bushel 



Dol. 



.87 
1.25 
1.15 
1.33 
1.13 
1.18 
1.29 
1.34 
1.43 
1.51 
1.59 
1.69 
1.68 
1.48 
1.27 
1.18 
1.17 



Pea- 
nuts, 
per 
lb. 



Ct. 



4.8 

4.5 
2.7 
3.1 
3.1 
3.3 
3.2 
3.2 
3.3 
3.4 
3.5 
3.5 
3.4 
3.5 
3.5 
3.4 
3.3 
3.2 
3.3 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



293 



Average Prices Received by Farmers for Farm Products, Nov. 15, 
1937 and 1938, by States— Continued 





Hay (loose), per ton 


Seed, per bushel 


State 
and di- 
vision 


Alfalfa 


Clover 

and 

timothy 

mixed 


Prairie 


Alfalfa 


Red 

clover 


Sweet- 
clover 


Timo- 
thy 




1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


Maine. _ 
N. H... . 
Vt. 

Mass 

R I 


Dol. 

10. 50 
13.00 
12.00 
20.00 
20.00 
20. 00 


.Do/. 
11.00 
14. 00 
11.50 
20.00 
20.00 
20. 00 


Dol. 

8.30 
12.70 
10.00 
18.00 
18.00 
17.00 


Dol. 

8.30 
10-50 

9.00 
17.00 
17.00 
14. 50 


Dol. 

5.20 
7.50 
5.00 
10.50 
11.00 
10.00 


Dol. 

5.00 
7.00 
5 00 
10.00 
10.00 
8.50 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Conn 














ml 


— 


1111 





N. E 


16.32 


16.23 


12.42 


11.61 


7.64 


7.10 


























= 




N. Y 


10.00 
16.80 
14.20 


10.00 
16.50 
12. ;,o 


8.50 
14.20 
11.30 


7.90 
13. 60 
10.00 


6.00 
7.50 
8.00 


4.00 
6.10 
5.00 






18.00 


12. 00 




N. J 














Pa 








19.00 


8.10 


_.__ 


— 


1.95 


1.95 


M A 


12. 16 


11.53 


9.68 


8.85 


6.62 


4.74 

4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.50 
4.00 






18.49 


10. 02 










1. 35 
5.00 
4.40 

4.16 
4.47 

3.70 
4.65 
5.40 
4.35 
3.60 
4.90 
3 65 

3~92 


3.00 
3.05 
3.00 

3" 20 
3~02 

2 10 
2.90 
2. 95 
2.35 
2.20 
2.75 
2. 45 

2T2T 


1.30 
1.60 
1.40 

i.~55 

1. 10 
1 10 
1.20 

1.65 




Ohio 

Ind 

111 


10.00 
10.70 
13.20 
9.20 
12. 50 


6.50 
8.30 
8.60 
8.10 
9.40 


8.10 
8.90 

11.00 
8.60 

10.20 


5.90 
6.20 
6.90 
7.20 
7.50 


7.0(1 
7.00 
5.00 
5.10 
5.40 


14. 50 
18.00 


10.00 
10.00 


17.70 
18.80 
18.80 
17.00 
16.90 

17.76 


7.50 
6.90 
8. 10 
7.60 
8.40 


1.25 
1.30 
1 25 


Mich 

Wis 


16.90 

IS (III 


12.70 
13.80 


if 40 


E.N.C. 


10. 93 


8.50 


9 28 


7.76 


5.40 


4. C5 


16.27 


12.58 


7.66 


1.28 


Minn 

Iowa 

Mo 


8.30 
10.70 
13.10 
8.50 
8.50 
10.90 
13.20 


5.60 
7.90 
9.60 
5.90 
6.40 
6. CO 
8.20 


7.40 
9.00 

10.10 
5.80 
6.50 
9.60 

10. 50 


5.10 
6.60 
7.90 
4.00 
5.00 
5.60 
6.00 


4.40 
6.60 
6.00 
4.75 
4.90 
6.20 
6.30 


2.90 
4.20 
5.50 
3.50 
3.90 
3.70 
3 80 


1 5. 50 
17.00 


10.80 
13.00 


16.50 
18.00 
17.00 

16.~50 
16.50 


8.20 
9.00 
9.00 

9.50 


1.05 
1.15 
1 25 


N. Dak. 
S. Dak.. 


16 00 
16. 50 
15.21) 
13. 40 


11 30 
11.80 
10.50 
10.30 


1.35 


Kans 


T7TT 





W. N. C_ 


10.17 


6.88 


8.87 


6.54 


5.18 


3.53 


15.30 


10.73 


16.78 


8.79 


1.17 


Del 


15. 80 
14.80 
16. 10 
13.50 
20.00 
20.00 
18.00 


13 00 
12.80 
13.90 
13.50 
15. 50 
1900 
15.00 


13.00 
11.50 
12.90 
11.20 
16.00 


11 00 
10.00 
10.70 
10. 50 
12.70 


11 00 
11.00 
8.00 
7.70 
10. 00 
10.00 
9.80 
8.60 


9.00 
9.00 
7.00 
6.90 
8.00 
9.50 
9.00 
8.00 












Md 

Va 

W. Va.. 
N C 


::::: 


::::: 


15. 00 
16.50 


8.00 
7.60 












S. C 


















Ga 


15.60 


14.00 


















Fla 









































— 




S A 


15.58 


13.68 


12.16 


10 56 


9.41 


8.29 






15. 16 


7.94 










= 


= 


= 




Ky 


12.50 
15.00 
16. 00 
13.80 


9.70 
11.80 
14.30 
10.50 

10.40 


11.10 
13.90 
14.00 
13.50 


9.20 
10. 60 
10.30 
10.20 


7.00 
9.20 
8.80 
7.90 


5.00 
6.20 
8.00 
7.00 






17.00 


7.50 




Tenn 














Ala 




















































— 




E. S. C 


13.35 


12.14 


9.67 


8.20 

6.30 
6.00 
6.70 
8.80 


6.85 






















= 


_ 


= 




Ark 


13.40 
13.70 
13.30 
14.00 


11.40 
14 00 
9.20 
11.50 


10.90 


9.70 


6.10 
6.00 
4.60 
6. 60 












La 


















Okla 






11.00 
9 90 
















Tex 








9.00 










1111 


mi 





W S.C. 


13. 52 


10.30 






7.11 


5. 39 


10.88 


8 92 


















4.50 

4. "20 
3.60 


2.80 

2." 80 
2.10 


.... 




Mont... 
Idaho- .. 
Wyo.... 
Colo 


8.30 
7.90 
7.60 
8.80 
9. 50 
10.00 
7. SO 
8.00 


5. 50 
7.00 
6.40 
7.10 
8.50 
7.20 
7.40 
6.00 


8.50 
8.10 
6.30 
7.40 
8.50 


5.60 
6.80 
6.20 
6.50 
8.00 


7.70 
5.60 
6.70 
7.50 
8.50 
9.50 
6.00 
6 50 


5 llll 

5.00 
6.30 
6.70 
7.50 
7.00 
6.10 
5.00 


16.00 
17 00 
14.50 
14.30 
11.00 
19.90 
13.50 


12. 20 
12.00 
11 00 
10.20 
9.00 
8.40 
10.20 


16." 50 
16.50 
15.00 


~7.~70 


:::: 
















Utah 


8.30 
8.50 


7.50 
6.50 














Nev 








-1 16 


2.~62 


mi 




Mount. _ 


8.27 

9.40 
9.40 
14.20 


fi. 81 


7.82 


6.24 


7.16 


5.68 


113.17 


10.27 


16.45 


== 




Wash 


9 in 
8.60 
7.90 


8.60 
9.50 
9.00 


10.70 
10.40 
6.50 


6.00 
7.10 

7 50 


7.50 
6.50 
5.00 










Oreg.... 
Calif 


15.00 

13. 50 


11.50 
9.50 


16.00 


7.50 


.... 






.... 








4.00 


2.28 


1.17 




Pac 


12.72 


8.18 


8.86 


10.23 


7.18 


5. 85 


13.74 


9.97 








.... 


U.S... 


10.56 


7.92 


9.84 


8 04 


5.82 


4.29 


'14.55 


10 39 


17.38 


7.90 


1.19 



'Revised. 



Cotton prices at local markets failed to show the usual seasonal 
decline from mid-October to mid-November. Crop prospects 
declined slightly. Prices received by farmers for cotton lint 
averaged 8.52 cents per pound in mid-November or practically 
the same as a month earlier. This was seven-tenths of a cent 
higher than on November 15, 1937. Cottonseed prices received 
by farmers increased seasonally from $22.42 per ton in mid- 
October to $23.08 in mid-November. A year ago farmers 
received an average of only $19.01 per ton for cottonseed. 

Improved consumer demand for meats, reflecting the improve- 
ment in business conditions, tended to support livestock prices 
from October 15 to November 15. This is evidenced by the 
fact that hog and beef cattle prices made much less than usual 
seasonal declines and lamb prices made an unusual advance 
during the period. 



Average Prices Received by Farmers, U.S. 1928-38 
Wheat: Per Bushel 



Year be- 
ginning 
July- 



1928— 
1929.... 
1930.... 
1931.... 
1932.... 
1933.... 
1934.. __ 
1935-.. 
1935.... 
1937.. __ 
1938... . 



10 


>o 


ic 


10 


«o 


tct 


10 





to 


10 


to 


10 


"3 


3 
<• 


CO 


O 


> 






p 


a 

03 




s 
% 


P. 


05 


a 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


118.1 


95.2 


94.4 


98.7 


97.1 


98.2 


98.5 


104.2 


104.7 


99.8 


90.1 


86.8 


101.6 


110.0 


111.4 


110. 7 


102. 8 


107.3 


107.5 


101.3 


91.9 


93.4 


87.5 


87.9 


70.6 


74.0 


70.3 


05.6 


60.0 


61.3 


59.1 


58.7 


58.3 


59.2 


59.9 


51.9 


36.3 


35.4 


35.7 


36.1 


50.5 


44.1 


44.1 


44.0 


44.2 


43.1 


42.4 


37.3 


35.6 


38.5 


37.4 


34.6 


32.8 


31.6 


32.9 


32.3 


34.5 


44.8 


59.0 


58.7 


86.9 


74.7 


71.1 


63.6 


71.1 


67.3 


69.4 


72.0 


70.9 


68.7 


69. 5 


78.9 


78.8 


89.6 


92.2 


88.5 


88.1 


90.6 


89.3 


87.9 


85. 5 


90.2 


87.8 


77.3 


76.4 


80.8 


85.2 


95.1 


87.6 


89.0 


92.0 


91.1 


89.5 


85.4 


81.6 


79.9 


94.1 


105.1 


104.3 


106.8 


106.4 


114.5 


123.6 


124. 9 


123.2 


126.6 


118.3 


108.9 


112.8 


99.4 


93.0 


88.7 


81.9 


83.6 


88.6 


86.6 


80.3 


75.0 


71.4 


69.7 


60.8 


50.7 


52.5 


52.2 


52.0 

















Oats : Per Bushel 



1928 


56.2 


38.4 


36.7 


39.0 


39.8 


42.5 


43.7 


47.0 


46.6 


45.8 


44.6 


42.5 


1929 


42.9 


42.7 


44.1 


44.8 


43.1 


43.6 


43.1 


43.0 


41.4 


42.4 


40.9 


39.3 


1930 


33. 1 


35.7 


36.1 


34.7 


31. 5 


32.3 


31. 1 


30.7 


30.1 


30.2 


28.6 


26.1 


1931 


23. 3 


19.8 


20.0 


20.1 


23.2 


23.0 


22.7 


22.8 


22.8 


22.8 


21.8 


19.8 


1932 


17.5 


14.8 


14.4 


13.1 


13. 1 


13.0 


13.4 


13.3 


13.7 


17.0 


21.7 


23.1 


1933 


39.1 


32.2 


32.3 


27.9 


31.4 


31.4 


32.5 


34.1 


33.9 


32.6 


32.7 


38.9 


1934 


40.6 


45.8 


50. 3 


50. 5 


51.1 


53.9 


54.6 


54.7 


54.1 


53.5 


49.8 


41.9 


1935 


32.2 


26.9 


25.8 


27.0 


25.8 


25.5 


25.9 


26.6 


26.7 


25.4 


25. 1 


24.3 


1936 


35. 2 


43.0 


43.5 


43.1 


44.2 


48.4 


52.7 


53.7 


52.5 


54.6 


53. 5 


48.1 


1937 


42.5 


28.5 


29.0 


28.8 


28.7 


29.1 


30.0 


30.0 


29.4 


28.3 


27.5 


25.3 


1938 . 


24.0 


20.3 


21.8 


22.1 


22.5 

































Barley: Per Bushel 



1928 


7,7.6 


58.9 


54. 1 


55.2 


54.5 


55. 


56. 2 


60.5 


60 1 


5S.0 


55.3 


52.7 


56. i 


1929 


55.6 


55. 8 


55.2 


54.7 


53.8 


54.6 


53 9 


52.5 


51.4 


51.7 


50.5 


47.5 


53.1 


1930 


40.0 


43.6 


45.3 


41.9 


38.3 


38.8 


36.6 


35.3 


34.4 


35.2 


35. 5 


32.6 


40., 


1931 


30.0 


28.9 


30.9 


31 6 


35.7 


35.7 


35.7 


35. 8 


37.2 


37 1 


33.7 


28 7 


32.1 


1932 


24 fi 


21 1 


20.1 


18.2 


20. 1 


19.3 


18.4 


17.9 


18.3 


23.4 


29.9 


28 3 


22. 


1933 


47.6 


40.2 


42. 8 


40.7 


41.6 


40.6 


43 7 


44.7 


43.7 


12.5 


42.2 


51). 9 


43. i 


1934 


52.6 


63 5 


78.2 


75. 5 


75. 9 


79.7 


80.2 


79 2 


76,0 


74.4 


66.0 


55.0 


6S.I 


1935 


41.2 


35. 1 


37. 3 


39.4 


37.8 


37. 5 


3S. 6 


39 6 


39 7 


33.6 


37. 1 


37.0 


37. i 


1936 


56.1 


81.3 


S2.fi 


84.2 


82.7 


86. 1 


90.4 


93.4 


89. 9 


90.0 


86 1 


71.4 


78.' 


1937 


64.4 


52.2 


52.8 


52.0 


50.7 


50 8 


54. 


54.8 


52.9 


50.4 


49.0 


42.9 


54.1 


1938 


38.9 


31 5 


35.3 


36.1 


34.7 
















1 37. •' 





















Rye: Per Bushel 



1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935. 

1936 _ 

1937 

1938 



99.2 


83.fi 


81.8 


87.1 


86.3 


87.2 


87.9 


91.5 


91.4 


86.0 


79.1 


75.7 


85.3 


91.8 


89.2 


89.9 


85.5 


88.4 


85.7 


78.3 


68.4 


68.7 


63.8 


60.7 


43.6 


53.0 


53.1 


47.6 


41.6 


41.1 


37.4 


34.9 


34.3 


32.8 


33.0 


31.4 


33.0 


32.5 


33.2 


33.6 


41.4 


36.8 


36. 8 


36.3 


37.7 


36. 6 


33.4 


28.8 


22.0 


23.3 


23.6 


22.3 


22.1 


21.1 


22. 7 


21.9 


22. 8 


30.1 


38.9 


43 5 


78.2 


SS. 8 


61.4 


52.7 


55.4 


51.9 


53.6 


54.2 


53.1 


52.8 


51.9 


58. 2 


61.8 


73.9 


79.1 


75.0 


71.9 


74.4 


73.1 


69.3 


66.5 


66.0 


62 


53.7 


36.0 


35 5 


36.5 


42.1 


40 4 


40.0 


41.4 


44.4 


42 9 


40.8 


40.6 


43.8 


61. 1 


75.1 


79.5 


80.4 


81.5 


90.0 


97.9 


98.9 


95.8 


99. 9 


96.0 


85.3 


81.0 


70.6 


68.1 


63.8 


60 8 


59.2 


64.1 


63.4 


58.7 


52.2 


49.8 


46.0 


41.1 


32.4 


32.0 


32.9 


32.1 































Flaxseed: Per Bushel 



1928- . 
1929— 
1930... 
1931 — 
1932... 
1933— 
1934— 
1935... 
1936— 
1937... 
1938— 



Dol. 


T)ol. 


Dol. 


Dot. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


1.96 


1.82 


1.82 


1.98 


1.98 


2.05 


2. 11 


2.18 


2.19 


2.16 


2.15 


2.17 


2.33 


2.60 


2.85 


3.00 


2.85 


2.88 


2.80 


2.75 


2.62 


2.64 


2.46 


2.46 


1.93 


1.92 


1.68 


1.52 


1.34 


1.38 


1.32 


1.26 


1.30 


1.29 


1.30 


1.20 


1.33 


1.20 


1.13 


1.05 


1.22 


1.19 


1. 10 


1. 16 


1.19 


1.16 


1.07 


.86 


81 


.79 


.88 


.88 


.87 


.83 


.91 


.87 


.88 


.95 


1.19 


1.36 


1.89 


1.63 


1.64 


1.49 


1. 55 


1.51 


1.61 


1.65 


1.60 


1.55 


1.64 


1.68 


1.68 


1.77 


1.75 


1.67 


1.62 


1.69 


1.68 


1.67 


1.59 


1.61 


1.56 


1.49 


1 34 


1 34 


1.35 


1.52 


1.53 


1.56 


1.61 


1.60 


1.54 


1.48 


1.47 


1.47 


1.84 


1.92 


1.87 


1.86 


1.90 


1.95 


2.09 


2.03 


1.98 


1.98 


1.92 


1.73 


1.86 


1.83 


1.89 


1.89 


1.81 


1.81 


1.93 


1.91 


1.86 


1.80 


1.74 


1.62 


1.61 


1.55 


1.59 


1.63 


1.60 































Alfalfa Seed : Per Bushel 



1928 


10.24 


10.38 


10. 25 


10.71 


11.96 


12.69 


12.67 


13.19 


13.81 


14.19 


14.69 


14.91 


11. 86 


1929 


14.08 


13 52 


12.85 


11.68 


10.83 


11.10 


11.15 


11. 16 


11.97 


11.97 


12.38 


12.05 


12.04 


1930 


12 10 


11.91 


11.36 


10.68 


10.18 


9.80 


9.97 


10. 20 


9.91 


9.89 


9.70 


9.64 


10.78 


1931 


9.98 


9.69 


8.35 


fi. 94 


6.58 


6.97 


6.36 


6.58 


6.70 


6.79 


6.58 


6.47 


7.30 


1932 


6 53 


5.98 


5.59 


5. 25 


5. 19 


5.42 


5.68 


5.89 


5.93 


6.32 


6.64 


6.82 


5.52 


1933 


7 10 


7. 05 


6.31 


5. 52 


5.12 


5. 10 


5.32 


5.90 


6.27 


6.14 


6.19 


6.70 


6.07 


1934 


6 77 


7.02 


9. 35 


10.46 


10.27 


10.45 


10. 83 


11.25 


11.53 


11 82 


11.28 


10. 51 


9.96 


1935 


9 49 


9.09 


8 73 


7.80 


7 50 


7.28 


7.37 


7.38 


7.85 


8.03 


8.34 


8.32 


7.89 


1936 


8 5? 


9 63 


10.85 


11.34 


11.84 


12.14 


12. 37 


13.01 


14.14 


14 69 


14.85 


14. 48 


11.89 


1937 


14.17 


13. 52 


13.77 


14.88 


14. 55 


13. 68 


13.67 


14.53 


15.48 


15.88 


15. 65 


15. 28 


14.03 


1938 


14.35 


11.88 


9.97 


9.72 


10.39 
















U0.59 



















1 Crop year average prices by States weighted by production to obtain weighted 
averages for the United States. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes unredeemed loans on wheat at estimated average loan value. 



294 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Average Prices Received by Farmers, U.S. 1928-38 — Continued 
All Hay, Loose: Per Ton Cottonseed: Per Ton 



Year be- 
ginning 
July— 


»o 

>> 
3 


10 

bo 
3 
< 


»o 

a 

cj 

CO 


o 

O 


■o 
o 


o 

oj 




IO 

a 

03 


>o 
,Q 

fa 


»o 

u 

03 


P. 

< 


>> 

1 


a 

3 


CJ QJ 

p 03 


1928 
1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 


Dol. 
10.86 
11.17 
10.47 
9.30 
6.95 
6.99 
10.18 
8.88 
8.66 
9.48 
7.11 


Dol. 
10.39 
10.85 
11.31 
9.05 
6.82 
7.53 
12 50 
7.90 
10.77 
8.97 
6.82 


Dol. 
10.59 
11.05 
12.14 
8.88 
6.80 
7.53 
13.03 
7.43 
10.87 
8.91 
6.70 


Dol. 

10.60 
11.07 
12. 17 
8 57 
6.54 
7.54 
13.40 
7.26 
10.77 
8.77 
6.72 


Dol. 
10.89 
11.18 
12.19 
8.68 
6.49 
7.69 
13.58 
7.25 
10. 73 
8.74 
6.82 


Dol. 

11.23 
11.04 
11.33 
8.71 
6.14 
7.69 
13.86 
7.20 
11.08 
8.79 


Dol. 
11.61 
11.16 
11.21 
8.60 
6.03 
7.78 
14. 02 
7.30 
11.51 
8.79 


Dol. 
12.06 
11.19 
10.92 
8.45 
5.91 
8.07 
14.02 
7.57 
11.84 
8.71 


Dol. 
12.37 
10.95 
10. 66 
8.69 
5.89 
8.34 
13.79 
7.45 
11.98 
8.51 


Dol. 
12.30 
10.97 
10.59 
8.74 
6. 12 
8.59 
13.67 
7.35 
12.24 
8.17 


Dol. 

12. 15 
10.98 
10.54 
8.48 
6.37 
8.94 
13.38 
7.26 
12. 11 
7.91 


Dol. 

11.88 

10.91 
9.97 
7.60 
6.43 
9.75 

12.07 
7.31 

10.93 
7.48 


Dol. 

11.22 

10.90 

11.06 
8.69 
6.22 
8. 12 

13.28 
7.51 

11.04 
8.69 

2 6.70 





















Alfalfa Hay : Per Ton 



1928 


11.98 


11.82 12. 2(>'l2. 82' 13. 29 


13.90 


14.54 


15.34 


16.07 


16.20 


15.50 


14.50 


13.73 


1929 


13.12 


13.17 


13.50 


13.84 


14.00 


14.41 


14.66 


14.45 


13.90 


13. 42 


12.87 


12. 14 


13.73 


1930 


11.44 


12.16 


12.85 


12.97 


12.94 


12.52 


12.21 


11.74 


11.29 


11.01 


10.87 


10. 24 


12.13 


1931 


9.80 


9.86 


9.67 


9.58 


9.94 


10.31 


10.14 


10. 25 


10.84 


10.79 


9.97 


8.63 


10.05 


1932 


7.38 


7.15 


7.27 


7.05 


7.01 


6.77 


6.70 


6.39 


6.34 


6.46 


6.71 


6.69 


6.99 


1933 


7.48 


7.90 


8.04 


8.26 


8.26 


8.36 


8.47 


8.58 


8.68 


8.84 


9.28 


10.25 


8.42 


1934 


10.84 


13.51 


14.69 


15.07 


15.28 


15.38 


15.31 


15. 19 


14.99 


14.94 


14.74 


12.31 


14.43 


1935 


9.23 


8.44 


8.25 


8. 15 


8.27 


8.29 


8.50 


8.78 


8.67 


8.35 


8.16 


7.82 


8.53 


1936 


9.37 


12.04 


12. 15 


12.09 


12. 16 


12. 52 


13. 02 


13. 98 


14. 12 


13.81 


13. 33 


11.76 


12.35 


1937 


10.53 


10.23 


10.39 


10.54 


10.56 


10.74 


10.73 


10.46 


10.17 


9.83 


9.18 


8.32 


10.32 


1938 


8.16 


7.75 


7.73 


7.74 


7.92 





































Clover and Timothy Hay : Per Ton 3 



1928 


12.52 


12.25 


12. 50 


12.58 


13.01 


13.05 


13.41 


13. 59 


13.93 


13.43 


13.24 


12.92 


12.97 


1929 


11.60 


11.61 


11.82 


11.77 


11.82 


11.97 


12.24 


12. 24 


12.31 


12.27 


12. 19 


12.25 


11.98 


1930 


11.71 


13.20 


14.62 


14.62 


14.62 


13. 52 


13.53 


12.78 


12.45 


12.57 


12.21 


11.28 


13.38 


1931 


10.30 


10. 15 


9.81 


9.65 


9. 65 


9 70 


9.72 


8.76 


8.70 


8.76 


8.67 


8.39 


9.35 


1932 


7.96 


7.97 


7.89 


7.74 


7.62 


7.38 


7.25 


7. 17 


7.12 


7.52 


7.60 


7.65 


7.65 


1933 


7.96 


8. 63 


S.81 


8.67 


8.85 


8.74 


8.86 


9.41 


9.75 


10. 17 


10. 64 


11.39 


9. 19 


1934 


11.96 


14 00 


1.5.07 


15. 46 


15.62 


15.89 


16.01 


15. 96 


15.48 


14.73 


14. 3:i 


13.04 


14.90 


1935 


10. 13 


8.95 


8.70 


8.66 


8.57 


8.54 


8.74 


8.73 


8.00 


8.44 


S. 17 


8.38 


S. 87 


1936 


9.43 


12. 18 


12. 16 


12. 18 


12. 14 


12.53 


13.07 


13. 35 


13. 58 


13.94 


13 91 


12.50 


12.37 


1937 


11.06 


10.23 


10. 19 


10.08 


9.84 


10.09 


10.19 


10.06 


9.97 


9.47 


9.02 


8.64 


10.08 


1938 


8. 19 


4.74 


7.75 


7.76 


8.04 







































Prairie Hay : Per Ton 



1928 


7.80 


7.34 


7.62 


7.71 


7.72 


7.88 


8.01 


8.33 


8.99 


8.81 


8.76 


8.77 


8.04 


1929 


8.21 


7.96 


8.13 


7.97 


8.11 


8. 18 


8.30 


8.41 


8.11 


8.12 


7.96 


7.78 


8. 14 


1930 


7. 12 


7.63 


7.89 


7.66 


7 48 


7.31 


7.23 


6.82 


6.51 


6.44 


6.30 


6 34 


7.26 


1931 


6.52 


6.64 


6.68 


6.53 


6.67 


6.56 


6.48 


6.70 


7.30 


7.47 


7. !5 


6.02 


6.75 


1932 


5.14 


4.71 


4.57 


4.45 


4.36 


4.06 


4.10 


4.01 


3.97 


4.07 


4.31 


4.30 


4.49 


1933 


5.18 


5.54 


5.49 


5.46 


5.35 


5.34 


5.47 


5.58 


5.77 


6.11 


6.50 


7.42 


5.68 


1934 


7.90 


11.03 


11.61 


11.86 


12.09 


12.49 


12.76 


12.83 


12.87 


'.3. 33 


13.20 


10.98 


11.89 


1935 


6.58 


5.61 


5 01 


5.81 


5.78 


4.75 


4.86 


5.10 


5.03 


4.73 


4.55 


4.75 


5.41 


1936 


6.71 


8.62 


8.34 


7.98 


7 91 


7.96 


8.23 


8.41 


8.56 


8.54 


8.48 


7.32 


8.04 


1937 


6.39 


6.00 


6.03 


5.91 


5.82 


5.90 


5.79 


5.74 


5.61 


5.76 


5.45 


4.91 


5.88 


1938 


4.74 


4.43 


4.36 


4.44 


4.29 
















2 2. 63 





















Potatoes: Per Bushel 





Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


<?'. 


Ct. 


Ct 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


1928 


75.5 


70.9 


63.7 


58.0 


57.4 


57.5 


59.5 


59.9 


58.4 


55.7 


59.8 


64.2 


57.1 


1929 


87.8 


137.9 


135.6 


138.2 


134.3 


134. 6 


137.3 


138. 9 


136. 3 


145. 5 


148 2 


142.9 


131.8 


1930 


128. 4 


108.3 


109.7 


101.4 


95.0 


89.8 


89.3 


85.5 


S3. 8 


89.0 


82.8 


74.5 


91.9 


1931 


79 8 


76.1 


58.9 


45.5 


44.7 


45.0 


46.2 


44.4 


45.4 


46.0 


46.8 


44.3 


46.3 


1932 


48.8 


51.4 


37.7 


34.4 


34.4 


36.8 


37.4 


37.0 


39.0 


12.4 


43.7 


49.3 


39.2 


1933 


97.9 


131.0 


100.3 


74.6 


68.7 


69.2 


77.1 


87.6 


91. 1 


82 3 


70.3 


62.3 


82.1 


1934 


65.8 


67 


61. 1 


48.5 


45.8 


44.9 


45.3 


44. 1 


12.5 


46.8 


42 6 


39 3 


44.8 


1935 


50.7 


49. 1 


47.5 


46. 1 


62.1 


63.7 


65.4 


68.4 


72 1 


81. 1 


*7. 1 


136.6 


59.7 


1936 


137.5 


127.3 


113.7 


97.9 


IIS I) 


106.3 


122. 2 


130.3 


131.0 


119.2 


107.0 


90.7 


114.0 


1937 


79.2 


69.0 


53.7 


18.5 


51.2 


53.0 


54. 1 


54.6 


56.6 


56.0 


55.6 


63.7 


52. S 


1938 


65.5 


52.8 


47.8 


51.0 


54.7 
















2 56. 9 





















Sweetpotatoes: Per Bushel 



1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 



119.5 


131.0 


120.9 


111.2 


100.2 


101.8 


104.2 


113.7 


117.0 


120.8 


125. 9 


129. 8 


135.9 


136. 2 


127.9 


112.5 


97.7 


98. 9 


103 1 


109.6 


114.0 


118.3 


126 4 


128.6 


125.11 


136.3 


128.7 


110.7 


93.8 


94. 1 


9S. 1 


100 8 


105. 5 


113.7 


115.2 


108.5 


101. 1 


107.8 


81.4 


66. 1 


58.2 


58. 5 


61.4 


61.8 


64.4 


64.0 


64.6 


62.5 


63.9 


68. 1 


55.3 


44.0 


37.7 


38.9 


42.2 


43.5 


46.6 


49.9 


55.8 


57.5 


67.8 


93.0 


76.2 


63.3 


56.4 


60. 5 


67.2 


72.7 


78.2 


81.0 


82.8 


86.8 


87.0 


97.5 


87.9 


74.8 


65.0 


67. 9 


71.5 


74.3 


75.8 


77.8 


82. 9 


80.5 


83.4 


85. 1 


74.1 


59. 8 


59. 6 


62.0 


65.4 


69.8 


72.4 


75.1 


82.1 


87.4 


yo. 5 


119.6 


101.7 


90.2 


79.5 


83.3 


87.8 


93.9 


98.5 


106. 2 


110 7 


105.8 


99.3 


104.8 


89.6 


72.1 


63.9 


69.3 


75,8 


79.3 


82 4 


82,0 


83.6 


81.0 


88.7 


87.2 


72.8 


63.1 


59.6 































118.0 
117.1 
10S. 2 
72.7 
61.2 
69.5 
79.8 
70.4 
94.0 
82.9 
2 73. 7 



1 For all hay. loose, and for potatoes, and sweetpotatoes, the United States aver- 
ages are crop year average prices weighted by production. For alfalfa, clover and 
timothy, and prairie bay, the United States average prices are weighted by monthly 
marketings of all hay. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Prices are for clover hay only, July 15, 1928, to February 15, 1932. 



Year be- 
ginning 
July— 


to 
>> 

•3 

>-> 


to 

r-t 
M 

3 
< 


to 
P. 

OJ 

03 


to 
O 


to 

> 

o 


to 
ci 

OJ 

A 


to 

a 

03 


to 

.d 
oj 

fa 


to 

03 

3 


to 
P. 


«3 

>> 

03 


tO 
<V 

a 

3 


13- 
«J 03 


1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 
1938 


Dol. 

37.00 
34. 00 

27. 00 
18.20 

7.80 
15.00 
22. 50 
33 00 

28. 00 
33.00 
21.00 


Dol. 

34 51 
31. 96 
23. 26 
13. 53 
8.65 
14.83 
26.76 
28 41 
31.87 
24.42 
21.36 


Dol. 
30.69 
31.27 
23. 86 

8.77 
11.43 
12.24 
31.91 
27.87 
33. 77 
19.21 
21.16 


Dol. 
34.17 
31.34 
20. 40 
7.38 
10.38 
12.42 
35.04 
32.14 
33. 36 
18.38 
22.42 


Dol. 

37.13 
30.24 
21. 22 
11.01 
9.33 
13.23 
36.58 
33.32 
33.13 
19.01 
23.08 


Dol. 
37.31 

29. 85 
21.12 
10.57 
8.70 
14.46 
39.34 
32.02 
34.79 
18.50 


Dol. 

37.22 
28.04 
20.97 
9.98 
8.55 
14.69 
38.56 
29. 75 
36.57 
18.58 


Dol. 

37.43 
27.45 
21.61 
9.66 
8.53 
16.79 
38.19 
29.20 
37.19 
19.20 


Dol. 

37. 58 
27.41 
22.09 
9.55 
8.78 
18.17 
37.07 
29.15 
37.33 
20.24 


Dot. 
37.31 

28.60 
22. 30 
9.33 
9.57 
19.09 

36. 68 
29.39 

37. 82 
20.55 


Dol. 

35.81 
29. 68 
21.73 
9.65 
11.34 
19.55 
36.27 
28.72 
37.42 
21.63 


Dol 

34.43 
28. 83 
20.02 
8.83 
12.18 
19.26 
34.92 
27.31 
35.62 
21.29 


Dol. 
34.09 
30.97 
22.09 
.8.91 
10.23 
12.85 
32.98 
30.58 
33.44 
19.50 
2 22.08 





















Cotton: Per Pound 



Year be- 
ginning 
August — 


to 

bi 
3 

<! 


to 

P. 
oj 


O 


to 

> 
o 
Z 


to 
d 

OJ 




to 


to 

OJ 

fa 


to 

03 


to 

P. 


IO 

>> 

03 

a 


to 

a 

3 

•-> 


to 

_>> 

3 

>-5 


0J cj 
£ 03 


1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 


Ct. 

18.36 
17.92 
11.25 
6.07 
6.51 
8.80 
13. 02 
11.44 
12.29 
10 51 
8.12 


Ct. 

17.44 
18. 2f 
9.86 
5.89 
7.13 
8.81 
13. 13 
10.55 
12.55 
8.96 
8.23 


Ct. 

18. 11 
17. 57 
9.16 
5.21 
6.32 
8.99 
12. 56 
10.88 
12.23 
8.10 
8.53 


CI. 

17.83 
16.31 
9.63 
6.02 
5.90 
9 59 
12. 38 
11.51 
12.01 
7.82 
8 52 


ct. 

18.07 
16. 06 
8.73 
5.49 
5.38 
9.66 
12.45 
11.37 
12.37 
7.67 


a. 

17 99 
15. 93 
8.76 
5.68 
5.65 
10.36 
12.55 
11.10 
12.45 
7.79 


Ct. 
18.13 
14.92 
9.32 
5.91 
5.57 
11.85 
12.37 
11.02 
12.58 
8.01 


ct. 

18.92 
13.85 
9.50 
6.26 
6.15 
11.84 
11.50 
11.14 
13.69 
8.41 


Ct. 

18.59 
14.82 
9.35 
5.83 
6.27 
11.65 
11.66 
11.19 
13.72 
8.24 


Ct. 

17.95 
14.54 
8.92 
5.26 
8.30 
1 1. or, 
12.03 
11.27 
12.93 
8.41 


Ct. 

18.04 
14.02 
7.69 
4.62 
8.90 
11.65 
11.75 
11.38 
12.47 
8.12 


Ct. 
17.75 
11.92 

8.45 

5.07 
10.68 
12.29 
11.89 
12.62 
12.39 

8.66 


ct. 

17.99 
16.79 
9.46 
5.66 
6.52 

no. 17 
'12. 36 
M1.09 
12.33 
3 8.41 
23 8 60 

























Timothy Seed: Per Bushel 



1928.... 
1929.... 
1930.... 
1931.... 
1932.... 
1933.... 
1934.... 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 



Dot. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


1.86 


1.91 


2.08 


2.20 


2.20 


2.41 


2.49 


2.62 


2.67 


2.65 


2.56 


2.36 


1.69 


1 88 


2.02 


2.17 


2.25 


2.46 


2.37 


2.51 


2.67 


2.69 


2.65 


2.53 


2.51 


2.62 


3.06 


3.11 


3.09 


3.29 


3.32 


3.58 


3.61 


3.43 


3. 16 


2.33 


1.38 


1.43 


1.44 


1.46 


1.54 


1.53 


1.62 


1.70 


1.59 


1.61 


1.39 


1.20 


.91 


.93 


.88 


.92 


.95 


.98 


.99 


1.01 


1.02 


1.10 


1.10 


1.38 


1.65 


1.83 


2. 13 


2.20 


2.18 


2.13 


2.59 


2.94 


2.96 


2.75 


3.25 


3.29 


4.65 


7 54 


7.51 


7.37 


7.68 


7.86 


8.26 


8.38 


8.71 


8.48 


7.57 


2.84 


1.32 


1. 13 


1.13 


1. 19 


1.20 


1.27 


1.28 


1.27 


1.28 


1.27 


1.28 


1.90 


2.62 


2.66 


2.56 


2.52 


2.59 


2.67 


2. 8(1 


2. 68 


2.63 


2.44 


2.25 


1.68 


1. 14 


1.09 


1.22 


1. 17 


1.19 


1.4(. 


1.40 


1.49 


1.43 


1.40 


1.26 


1.25 


1.22 


1.22 


1. 19 


1.19 



































Dol. 
2.13 
1.97 
2.50 
1.38 
.94 
1.93 
6.54 
1.09 
2.57 
1.20 

2 1.19 



Rice (Rough) : Per Bushel, Louisiana 4 





Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


1928 


92 


92 


91 


94 


95 


98 


96 


96 


97 


93 


94 


94 


94 


1929 


100 


99 


99 


99 


98 


100 


107 


103 


107 


106 


104 


99 


100 


1930 


88 


79 


80 


76 


73 


75 


78 


76 


77 


74 


74 


73 


77 


1931 


56 


47 


51 


60 


59 


56 


53 


52 


49 


49 


48 


46 


52 


1932 


47 


44 


42 


41 


41 


38 


36 


40 


45 


56 


60 


61 


43 


1933 


65 


75 


78 


80 


75 


78 


79 


80 


81 


78 


77 


75 


78 


1934 


79 


78 


83 


85 


78 


77 


82 


85 


86 


87 


90 


88 


82 


1935 


74 


55 


65 


70 


74 


83 


85 


83 


84 


89 


89 


90 


71 


1936 


91 


99 


87 


84 


82 


92 


97 


98 


100 


95 


89 


85 


90 


1937 


76 


65 


80 


83 


68 


72 


66 


63 


57 


58 


63 


64 


69 


1938 . 


64 


55 


61 


65 


















2 60 























Cowpeas: Per Bushel 



Year be- 
ginning 


to 


to 


to 


to 


to 


tO 


to 


to 


to 


to 


to 


to 


a> oj 


Septem- 
ber— 


P. 

OJ 

to 


O 


> 
o 


OJ 




ci 


.P 
fa 


03 

3 


P. 


03 


OJ 

a 

3 


a 


bo 
3 

< 


p. 03 




Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dot. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


1928 


1.82 


1.83 


1.83 


2.02 


2. 15 


2.45 


2.63 


2.88 


3.05 


3.24 


3.19 


2.99 


2.64 


1929 


2.49 


2.30 


2.22 


2.28 


2.40 


2 59 


2.73 


2.85 


2.93 


3.00 


2.93 


2.66 


2.64 


1930 


2.41 


2.20 


2. 05 


1.86 


1.80 


1.75 


1.82 


1.87 


1.93 


1.96 


1.89 


1.63 


1.96 


1931 


1.27 


.98 


.93 


.93 


.92 


.86 


.88 


.82 


.76 


.72 


.67 


.70 


.87 


1932 


.67 


.70 


.63 


.60 


.60 


.60 


.62 


.69 


.89 


1.02 


1.21 


1.30 


.81 


1933 


1.06 


.94 


.87 


.92 


1.03 


1.26 


1.45 


1. 61 


1.03 


1.60 


1.57 


1.42 


1.32 


1934 


1.32 


1.26 


1.25 


1.30 


1.37 


1.47 


1.53 


1.54 


1.57 


1.63 


1.60 


1.42 


1.48 


1935 


1.25 


1.13 


1.15 


1.15 


1. 22 


1.29 


1.35 


1.54 


1.80 


1.96 


2.07 


1.88 


1.56 


1936 


1.52 


1.37 


1.33 


1.38 


1.51 


1.69 


1.83 


1.96 


1.98 


1.97 


1.83 


1.55 


1.72 


1937 


1.37 


1.18 


1.13 


1.18 


1.29 


1.34 


1.43 


1.51 


1.59 


1.69 


1.68 


1.48 


1.46 


1938 - 


1.27 


1.18 


1.17 




















2 1.44 

























1 For col ton and cottonseed, the crop year average prices by States are weighted 
by sales to obtain a weighted average for the United Stales. For timothy seed,. 
rice, and cowpeas the crop year average prices by States are weighted by produc- 
tion to obtain weighted averages for the United States. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes unredeemed loans on cotton at estimated average loan value. 

4 Estimate based on reports of prices from rice growers. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



295 



Average Prices Received by Farmers, U.S. 1928-38 — Continued 
Buckwheat: Per Bushel Corn: Per Bushel 



Year be- 
ginning 
Septem- 
ber— 


CO 


O 


10 

> 

O 
Z 





a 


.a 
fa 




in 

P. 

< 


>, 

03 


© 

a 

3 


>> 

3 


m 

bi 
3 
< 


•a- 
P3 © 

S ba 

•Sg 

£ oj 


1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 _ 

1933 _ 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 


ct. 

92.6 
96.6 
97.1 
52.2 
43.0 
68.4 
68.8 
57.2 
81.9 
76.8 
59.4 


Ct. 

84.5 
95.8 
90.5 
40.2 
40.3 
56.7 
60.4 
53.1 
78.3 
62.4 
54.5 


Ct. 

84.8 

95.6 

84.4 

41.2 

39.0 

52.5 

55.5 

52.1 

76.8 

63.9 

53.4 


ct. 

88.7 
95.9 
79.7 
41.9 
38.3 
51.3 
56.1 
51.6 
79.7 
64.3 


Ct. 

91.2 
97.3 
78.9 
42.1 
39.2 
52.1 
57.7 
51.7 
86.4 
66.5 


ct. 

94.3 
95.8 
76.3 
40.9 
39.1 
52.8 
59.7 
53.9 
90.7 
67.9 


ct. 

94.1 
94.9 
77.0 
41.7 
39.5 
54.3 
59.6 
53.9 
92.1 
70.1 


Ct. 

96.4 

94.8 

74.9 

41.4 

42.7 

55.5 

59.7 

55.0 

94.3 

69.8 


Ct. 

96.5 
95.7 
72.9 
40. S) 
48.4 
55.5 
60.7 
55.6 
97.2 
72.1 


Ct. 
94.7 

100.0 
72.3 
42.3 
53.0 
60.8 
62.5 
57.2 

100.3 
72.2 


Ct. 

100.4 
98.3 
69.8 
44.2 
66.3 
64.7 
62.1 
66.4 

100.8 
73.9 


Ct. 

99.6 

97.4 

59.2 

44.3 

67.3 

67.0 

59.6 

78.7 

93.5 

65.6 


Ct. 
89.9 
96 3 
78.9 
42.3 
43.4 
55.8 
58.6 
55.0 
85.6 
67.0 
'55.5 

























Beans (Dry Edible) : Per 100 Pounds 





Dal. 


Do!.. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Del. 


Del. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


1928 


6.23 


6. 59 


6.86 


7.51 


7.91 


8.47 


8.34 


7.74 


8.27 


8.21 


8.23 


8.31 


7.33 


1929 


8.00 


7.65 


7.13 


6.52 


6.33 


6.16 


6.10 


5.97 


6.36 


6.20 


5.96 


5.97 


6.77 


1930 


6.03 


4.96 


4. 10 


3.85 


3.64 


3.74 


3.49 


3.31 


3.29 


3.19 


2.98 


2.95 


4.20 


1931 


2.58 


2. 33 


2.55 


2.42 


2.29 


2.06 


1.90 


1.87 


1.80 


1.73 


1.72 


2. 02 


2.13 


1932 


2.04 


1.90 


1.66 


1.56 


1.55 


1.50 


1.63 


2.14 


2.90 


2.80 


3.10 


3.38 


1.98 


1933 


3.29 


2.64 


2.85 


2.64 


2.70 


2.82 


2 75 


2.61 


2.61 


2. 74 


2.79 


3.19 


2.78 


1934 


3.83 


3.83 


3.56 


3.43 


3.51 


3.50 


3.62 


3.63 


3.62 


3.54 


3.41 


3.26 


3.52 


1935 


3.08 


2.80 


2.67 


2.44 


2.61 


2.85 


2.86 


3.00 


3.02 


2 96 


3.76 


4.33 


2.93 


1936 


4. 3S 


4.83 


5.30 


5.49 


5.87 


6.43 


6.32 


6.10 


5. 85 


5.66 


5. 35 


4.46 


5.38 


1937 


3.52 


3.37 


2.77 


2.88 


3.02 


2.97 


2.92 


2.84 


2.93 


3.00 


3.30 


2.94 


3.07 


1938 


2.68 


2.54 


2.47 




















2 2. 63 

























Peanuts: Per Pound 





Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


Ct. 


1928 


5.0 


4.6 


4.8 


5.1 


5.0 


5. 1 


5. 1 


5.2 


5.0 


5.1 


4.9 


4.7 


4.9 


19'29 


4.6 


4.4 


4.0 


3.8 


3.7 


3.5 


3.5 


3.5 


3.7 


3.6 


3.7 


3.8 


3.8 


1930 


3.9 


4.2 


3.8 


3.2 


3.2 


3.6 


3.7 


3.9 


4.1 


3.9 


3.8 


3.6 


3.6 


1931 


3.1 


2.3 


2.2 


2.0 


2.0 


1.9 


2.0 


1.9 


1.7 


1.6 


1.4 


1.7 


2.1 


1932 


2.0 


1.6 


1.6 


1.2 


1.8 


1.3 


1.5 


1.5 


2.1 


2.3 


2.5 


2.6 


1.5 


1933 


2.5 


2.5 


2.7 


2.6 


2.9 


3.1 


3.2 


3.4 


3.4 


3. 3 


3.2 


3.3 


2.8 


1934 


3.3 


3.2 


3.1 


3.3 


3.5 


4.1 


4.4 


4.4 


4.4 


4. 1 


3.9 


3.4 


3.3 


1935 


3.4 


3.3 


3.1 


3.0 


3.0 


3.1 


3.0 


3.1 


3.3 


3.3 


3.7 


3.8 


3.1 


1936 


3.7 


3.5 


3.3 


3.6 


4.1 


4.1 


4.2 


4.5 


4.4 


4.2 


4.0 


3.7 


3.7 


1937 


3.4 


3.2 


3.2 


3.2 


3.3 


3.4 


3.5 


3.5 


3.4 


3.5 


3.5 


3.4 


3.2 


1938 


3.3 


3.2 


3.3 




















2 3.3 

























Clover Seed, Red: Per Bushel 





Dot 


Dol. 


Dot 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol 


Dol. 


1928 


16.26 


16.49 


16. 68 


16.81 


16.96 


17.37 


17.54 


17.96 


17. 90 


17.62 


17. 17 


16.30 


16.58 


1929 


12.48 


10.68 


9.75 


9.94 


9.92 


9.95 


10. 03 


10.23 


10.23 


10. 40 


10.34 


11.01 


10.44 


1930 


11.65 


12.47 


12. 35 


11.76 


11.78 


11.64 


11.54 


11.59 


11.80 


11.84 


10.76 


10.08 


11.63 


1931 


7.99 


6.73 


6.97 


7.34 


7.27 


7.31 


7.58 


7.69 


7.58 


7.19 


6.77 


5.79 


7.22 


1932 


5. 34 


4.70 


4.61 


4.67 


4.73 


4.78 


4.95 


5.25 


5.46 


5.58 


6.04 


6.28 


5.02 


1933 


5 83 


5.72 


fi. 00 


6.10 


6.40 


6 99 


7.39 


7.04 


7.21 


7.40 


7.28 


8.39 


6.21 


1934 


10 17 


10.98 


10.98 


11.48 


11.89 


12. 56 


12.41 


12.41 


11.92 


10.89 


9.76 


8.72 


10.98 


1935 


8.29 


8.09 


8.25 


8.54 


8.89 


9.41 


9.63 


10. 34 


10.48 


9.78 


9.37 


11. 16 


8.81 


1936 


12.29 


13.44 


14.09 


14.86 


15.55 


16. 44 


18.48 


18.92 


18.29 


17.30 


16. 31 


16. 03 


14.42 


1937. 


17.81 


18. 05 


17.38 


16. 83 


17.37 


18.39 


18.64 


19.17 


18.64 


17.76 


16.35 


8.54 


17.58 


1938 


6.83 


7.69 


7.90 




















2 7. 86 

























Soybeans: Per Bushel 



Year be- 
ginning 


10 


in 


»o 




10 


m 


m 


»c 


w 


in 


>o 


2 


© M 
^ 03 

x: u. 

bl© 


October— 


■g 




O 


H 


XI 


03 




03 


a 




0. 


>g 03 




O 


Z 


fi 


03 


fa 


§ 


< 


£ 


*-^» 


>-s 


< 


CO 




T)ol. 


Dol. 


7)o/. 


Dot. 


Dol. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dot. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dot. 


Dol. 


1928 


1.72 


1.69 


1.70 


1.82 


1.93 


2.13 


2. 19 


2.30 


2.41 


2.46 


2.15 


1.87 


1.90 


1929 


1.79 


1.70 


1.73 


1.85 


1.91 


2.00 


2.07 


2. 11 


2.16 


1.96 


1.90 


1.80 


1.87 


1930 


1.64 


1.48 


1.44 


1.46 


1.40 


1.42 


1.38 


1.39 


1. 29 


1.12 


.94 


.82 


1.32 


1931 


.58 


.52 


.61 


.62 


.59 


.66 


.65 


.64 


.61 


.58 


.58 


.57 


.48 


1932 


.55 


.45 


.44 


.45 


.45 


.48 


,58 


.86 


.98 


1.04 


.94 


.85 


.56 


1933 


.68 


.69 


.73 


.81 


1.01 


1.16 


1.26 


1.25 


1.45 


1.54 


1.25 


1.05 


.99 


1934 


.95 


.89 


1.11 


1.19 


1.26 


1.20 


1.18 


1.21 


1.19 


.98 


.73 


.69 


1.01 


1935 


.68 


.69 


.72 


.76 


.77 


.78 


.78 


.83 


.85 


1.05 


1.19 


1.10 


.79 


1936 


1.07 


1.12 


1.30 


1.43 


1.50 


1.52 


1.66 


1.74 


1.50 


1.32 


1.02 


.90 


1.28 


1937 


.86 


.83 


.83 


.88 


.93 


.89 


.85 


.87 


.86 


.85 


.75 


.71 


.84 


1938 . 


.64 


.63 






















'.76 



























Grain Sorghums : Per 100 Pounds 



1932 








0.37 


0.38 


0.39 


48 


0.66 


0.75 


1.20 


1. 12 


1.08 


0.53 


1933 


0.84 


0.73 


0.74 


.80 


.90 


.92 


.94 


.96 


1.00 


J. 07 


1.44 


1.53 


.91 


1934 


1.59 


1.59 


1.75 


1.78 


1.80 


1.86 


1.98 


2.06 


1.89 


1.46 


1.21 


1.06 


1.78 


1935 


I. 00 


.89 


.88 


.89 


.89 


.88 


.89 


.94 


.90 


1.07 


1.41 


1.50 


1.00 


1936 


1.50 


1.53 


1.65 


1.75 


1.81 


1.80 


1.93 


2.06 


2.10 


1.92 


1.25 


1.19 


1.69 


1937 


.96 


.86 


.85 


.93 


.93 


.91 


.89 


.89 


.84 


.81. 


.74 


.68 


.87 


1938 


.63 


.60 






















2 .75 



1 Crop year average prices, by States, weighted by production to obtain weighted 
averages for the United States. 

2 Preliminary. 



Year be- 
ginning 
October— 


in 

C 


m 

>' 

Z 


10 

© 

Q 


m 

a 

03 


m 

.0 

© 

fa 


1-4 


< 


m 
>. 

03 

3 


m 

OJ 

a 
3 


10 
>> 

"3 


10 

bi 

3 

< 
ct. 

96.0 
90 
50.8 
30 2 
48.8 
72.7 
80.8 
103.7 
102. 6 
48.5 


m 

P. 
© 

CO 


•a- 

s| 

bog 

'B> 

£ 03 


1928 

1929. 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 


Ct. 

84.7 

91.9 

81.9 

33.4 

21.6 

38.8 

76.7 

7). 8 

97.9 

58 9 

41.9 


Ct. 

75.4 

81.0 

66.3 

36.6 

19.4 

40.6 

75.7 

56.4 

94.6 

48.0 

40.0 


Ct. 

76.1 

78.0 

64.9 

34.5 

18.8 

42.0 

85.3 

53.0 

95.6 

48.5 


Ct. 
80.2 
77.3 
61.7 
33.7 
19.1 
43.9 
85.3 
53.5 
100.6 
52.2 


Ct. 
86.8 
77.4 
58.6 
32.4 
19.4 
45.6 
84.5 
55.5 
103. 6 
51.7 


Ct. 

88.7 
74. 5 
57.5 
32.2 
20.6 
47.1 
82.7 
56.4 
105.4 
51.3 


Ct. 
87.5 
78.3 
57.7 
31.4 
28.2 
47.1 
85. 2 
57.2 
119. 1 
52.7 


ct. 
86.3 

77.8 
56.3 
30.1 
38.9 
48.6 
84.8 
60.0 
121.2 
52.7 


Ct. 
86.9 
79.0 
53.8 
29.4 
40.2 
56.0 
83.3 
61.3 
117.2 
52.3 


ct. 

91.3 
77.1 
54 
29.9 
55.4 
59.2 
82.4 
80.2 
118.1 
53.7 


Ct. 

97.2 
91.7 
43.2 
28.0 
46. 5 
77.4 
78.0 
104.7 
93.9 
48.0 


Ct. 

84.0 
79.9 
59.6 
32.0 
31.9 
52.2 
81.5 
65.5 
104.5 
3 52.0 
2 3 50. 3 



























Apples: Per Bushel 



Year be- 


m 


m 


m 


to 


2 


«o 


in 


»o 


IO 


m 


w 


in 


^ > © 


ginning 
July— 


3 


3 

< 


P. 
© 
CO 







> 

Z 




fi 


a 

03 


© 
fa 


fc-l 


< 


>> 

03 


© 
a 
3 
>-> 


b» 03 

© © © 




Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol 


Dol. 


Dol 


Dol 


Dol. 


Dol 


Vol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


1928 


1.56 


1.06 


0.97 


0.99 


1.08 


1.19 


1.24 


1.30 


1.34 


1.32 


1.44 


1.53 


1.08 


1929_ 


!.61 


1.39 


1.31 


1.38 


1.36 


1.43 


1.48 


1.54 


1.55 


1.60 


1.68 


1.74 


1.39 


1930 


1.45 


1.06 


1.03 


.98 


.97 


.99 


1.04 


1.06 


1.05 


1.17 


1.22 


1.31 


1.02 


1931 


1.08 


.77 


.71 


.59 


.61 


.65 


.66 


.66 


.71 


.79 


.83 


.92 


.66 


1932 


.86 


.65 


.57 


.57 


.57 


.62 


.65 


.66 


.70 


.79 


.85 


.89 


.59 


1933 


.87 


.75 


.73 


.70 


.73 


.80 


.89 


.97 


1.04 


1.09 


1. 14 


1.22 


.78 


1934 


1.00 


.82 


.82 


.84 


.89 


.94 


.99 


1.04 


1.05 


1.10 


1.14 


1. 17 


.89 


1935 


.96 


.78 


.69 


.64 


.69 


.77 


.81 


.84 


.87 


.86 


.92 


1.07 


.71 


1936 


.94 


.96 


.89 


.97 


1.06 


1.13 


1.19 


1.30 


1.33 


1.43 


1.57 


1.56 


1.05 


1937 


1.12 


.82 


.72 


.62 


.62 


.67 


.72 


.69 


.68 


.69 


.74 


.78 


.67 


1938 


.81 


.76 


.78 


.80 


.86 
















■.81 





















All Oranges: 4 Per Box 



Year 


a 

03 


.d 
© 
fa 


03 


a. 

< 




© 
a 
3 


>> 

"3 


bi 
3 


© 

CO 


O 


> 

Z 


© 
© 

q 




Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol 


Dol. 


Dot. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


7)0/ 


1928__ 


2.75 


3.17 


3.43 


3.96 


4.35 


4.21 


4.75 


4.85 


4.60 


3. 85 


1.91 


1.74 


1929 


1.42 


.97 


1.01 


1.32 


1.14 


1.43 


1.80 


1.90 


2.10 


1.84 


2.26 


2.43 


1930 


2. ]8 


2.41 


3.42 


4.14 


5.05 


4.70 


4.90 


4.70 


5.49 


3.26 


1.54 


.93 


1931 


.89 


.95 


1.13 


1.44 


1.26 


1.46 


1.50 


1.25 


1.60 


1.62 


1.20 


.98 


1932 


.93 


1. 19 


1.22 


l.Zfi 


1.28 


1.15 


1.00 


.85 


1.10 


1. 15 


1.11 


.84 


1933 


.74 


.57 


.52 


.46 


.70 


.86 


1.13 


1.10 


1.40 


1.13 


.74 


.85 


1934 


.82 

.85 


.86 
.92 


.92 
1.10 


1.09 
1.23 


1.70 
1.23 


2.17 
1.00 


1.80 
1.34 


1.80 
1.40 


1.75 
1.30 


2.13 
1.37 


.94 
1.37 


.76 


1935 


1.22 


1936 


1.02 
1.15 
.62 


1.24 
1.62 

.75 


1.05 
1.93 

.71 


1.13 
2.11 

.70 


1.53 

2.03 

.94 


1.70 

2.43 

.71 


1.85 
2.92 
1.05 


1.90 
3.05 
1.10 


2.25 
3.15 
1.10 


1.69 
2.21 

.74 


1.04 
1.55 
.55 


78 


1937 


.85 


1938 





Grapefruit : Per Box 4 



1928 

1929 

1930... 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938. 



1.94 


2.30 


2.24 


2.14 


1.73 


1.60 


2.46 


2.62 


2.58 


1.50 


1.30 


.75 


.63 


.61 


.72 


1.07 


1.78 


2.25 


2.40 


3.31 


1.74 


1.96 


1.80 


1.73 


1.85 


2.10 


3.21 


3.23 


3. 55 


3.35 


1.50 


1.12 


.81 


.58 


.39 


.53 


.53 


.36 


.32 


.92 


1.15 


1.19 


.90 


.57 


.45 


.44 


.69 


1.12 


1.40 


1.03 


.95 


1.00 


1.41 


1.32 


.99 


.48 


.42 


.31 


.23 


.15 


. 14 


.29 


.67 


.87 


.76 


.66 


.59 


.63 


.76 


.95 


.95 


1.20 


1.25 


1.45 


.70 


.50 


.46 


.42 


.49 


.46 


.60 


.47 


.49 


.64 


.95 


.80 


.90 


.77 


.79 


.76 


.72 


.90 


1.17 


1. 16 


1.35 


1.80 


.57 


.46 


.33 


.33 


.41 


.53 


1.01 


1.17 


1.83 


1.80 


1.45 


1.06 


.96 


.70 


.49 


.43 


.49 


.58 


.57 


.68 


.40 


1.15 


.68 


.40 


.28 



0.86 
1.75 
.59 
.52 
.64 
.61 
.46 
.77 
.35 
.62 



lemons: Per Box 5 



'1928 

1929.. 

1930 


4.00 
1.95 
2.95 
1.85 
1.05 
1.45 
2.05 
.95 
2.10 
3. 20 


3.15 
1.50 
2.25 
1.60 
1.15 
1.35 
2.20 
.65 
2.20 
2.75 
1.65 


2.50 
1.65 
2.50 
1.50 

.90 
1.45 
2.00 

.65 
2.20 
2.60 
2.60 


3.05 
1.65 
3.30 
1.50 

.90 
1.45 
2.00 

.65 
2.25 
2.75 
1.60 


4.20 
2.00 
3.90 
1.80 
1.95 
2.90 
3.15 
.65 
3. 30 
3.25 
2.15 


3. 30 
3.25 
3.15 
3.45 
1.50 
2.70 
3.10 
1.35 
3.30 
3.55 
1.60 


3.45 
3.85 
4.85 
3.10 
3.25 
1.75 
2.85 
3.25 
4. 10 
3.30 
2.00 


3.35 

5.35 
3.80 
3.20 
4.50 
1.45 
1.95 
2.55 
2.85 
3.60 
1.90 


2.30 
7.05 
2.20 
4.65 
5.20 
2.20 
1.70 
2. 15 
2.15 
3.25 
1.45 


2.45 

6.80 
1.55 
2.05 
4.25 
1.85 
2.05 
2.90 
2.05 
3.90 
.95 


2.35 

5.75 
1.65 
1.15 
2.30 
1.65 
1.65 
3.15 
1.35 
4.95 
1.10 


3.40 

4.45 
1.75 


1931. 


1.20 


1933.. _.. 

1934 

1935-. 

1936 

1937 


2.80 
2.35 
1.50 
3.20 
1.55 
3.20 


1938 


2.15 





1 Crop year average prices, by States, weighted by production to obtain weighted 
averages (or the United States. 

2 Preliminary. 

3 Includes unredeeined loans on corn at estimated average loan value. 

4 4 States, equivalent "on-tree" price for fruit for fresh consumption. 

6 California, equivalent "on-tree" price for fruit for fresh consumption. 



296 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Pig Crop Report, December 1, 1938 

The upswing in hog production which started in the spring 
of this year will continue into 1939 at an accelerating rate, 
according to the December pig crop report. 

The fall pig crop of 1938, estimated as 18 percent larger than 
the fall crop of 1937, follows an estimated increase of 13 percent 
in the spring pig crop, making the total crop in 1938 about 15 
percent larger than in 1937. The number of sows indicated to 
farrow in the spring of 1939 is 21 percent larger than the number 
that farrowed in the spring of 1938. 

This report is based upon information from about 150,000 
farmers obtained in cooperation with the Post Office Depart- 
ment through the rural mail carriers. 



PIG CROP 1937. 1938, AND INDICATED 1939 SPRING FARROW 

PERCENT PIGS ( MILLIONS ) 

20 40 60 



CROP 



1937 



SPRING 
( DEC. 1-JUNE I ) 113- 



FALL 
(JUNE 1 -DEC. 1 ) |j £ 



TOTAL 
( DEC. I -DEC. I ) |15 — 

SOWSTOFARROW PERCENT 
OF 1938 
SPRING 1938 



SPRING 1939 




The number of pigs saved in the fall season of 1938 (June 1 
to December 1) is estimated at 27,651,000 head, which is an 
increase of 4,220,000 head or 18 percent over the fall crop of 
1937. This is the largest fall crop since 1933, and it is only 
about 3 percent smaller than the average fall crop for the 5 
years, 1929 to 1933. Increases over last year were general 
throughout the country. By regions the increases were as fol- 
lows: East North Central, 16 percent; West North Central, 
21 percent; North Atlantic, 10 percent; South Atlantic, 16 
percent; South Central, 22 percent; and Western, 4 percent. 

The number of sows that farrowed in the fall season of 1938 
did not show quite as large a percentage increase as did the 
pig crop. The increase was 16 percent for both the United 
States and the North Central (Corn Belt) region. The average 
number of pigs saved per litter this fall was 6.32 compared 
with 6.24 in the fall of 1937. This was the largest fall average 
ever reported and is a continuation of the upward trend in 
size of litters in evidence for some years. 

This increase of 16 percent in fall farrowings is somewhat 
larger than the increase indicated by fall breeding intentions 
reported in June The reports in June indicated an increase 
of 9 percent. This overrun of actual farrowings over intentions 
doubtless reflects the continuing highly favorable hog-corn 
ratio and the large supplies of corn and other feed grains. 

The combined spring and fall pig crop of 1938 is estimated 
at 71,088,000 head, an increase of 9,181,000. or 15 percent over 
1937. This is the largest yearly crop since 1933, but it is 
8,944,000 head, or about 12 percent smaller than the 5-year 
(1929-33) average. The combined crop in the Corn Belt this 
year, estimated at 47,959,000 head, is 6,518,000 head, or 16 
percent larger, but is 22 percent smaller than the 5-year average. 

The number of sows to farrow in the spring season of 1939 
(Dec. 1 to June 1, 1939) for the United States is indicated 
at 8,237,000. This number is 1,412,000 or 21 percent larger than 
the number farrowed in the spring of 1938 Relatively large 
increases are indicated for all regions, as follows: the East North 
Central, 18 percent; West North Central, 23 percent; North 
Atlantic, 12 percent; South Atlantic, 13 percent; South Central, 
26 percent; Western, 16 percent. These increases are based upon 
breeding intentions as reported about December 1, with the 
assumption that the relationship between these intentions re- 
ports and subsequent farrowings will be similar to that in other 
years of abundant feed supplies and a high ratio of hog prices to 
feed prices; the relationship in recent months has been about the 
highest on record. 

An increase in spring farrowings of 21 percent would be one of 
the largest percentage increases in recent years, being exceeded 



only in 1936 (a 28 percent increase), in 1922 and probably in 1910. 
The indicated number of 8,237,000 spring sows would be much 
larger than in any spring since 1933, and would be about equal 
to the number in the springs of 1930 and 1925, but would be 
about 6 percent below the 1929-33 average. The distribution 
among region's, however, would be considerably different from 
what it was in the years 1929 to 1933. The number to farrow 
in the Western Corn Belt and the Western States would still be 
considerably below average, but in all other regions would be 
above average. In the Southern States the number would be 
well above any year since 1924 at least. 

The accompanying tables show by States and regions the esti- 
mates of pigs saved and sows farrowed, spring and fall for the 
years 1937 and 1938 and the indicated number of sows to farrow 
in the spring of 1939. 











P 


igs saved 










Spring (Dec. 1- 
June 1) 


Fall (June 1-Dec. 1) 


Year (Dec. 1- 


Dec. 1) 


State and 
division 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 




Num- 
ber 


Num- 
ber 


Per- 
cent 
of 
1937 


Num- 
ber 


Num- 
ber 


Per- 
cent 
of 
1937 


Num- 
ber 


Num- 
ber 


Per- 
cent 
of 
1937 


Maine - - 


1,000 
46 
Id 
24 

9y 

7 
17 

192 
77 

408 


1,000 
45 
15 
23 
93 
6 
16 

193 
79 

397 


98 
100 
96 
94 
86 
94 
101 
103 
97 


1,000 

37 

9 

26 

66 

6 

18 

146 

'49 

373 


1,000 
3* 
10 
27 
74 
6 
20 

166 
54 

415 


92 
111 
104 
112 

ion 
in 

114 
110 
111 


1,000 
83 
24 
50 
165 
13 
35 
338 
126 
781 


1,000 

79 

25 

50 

167 

12 

36 

359 

133 

812 


95 


New Hampshire.. 


104 
100 


Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York- 
New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 


101 
92 
103 
106 
106 
104 


N. Atlantic. ... 


885 


867 


98 


730 


800 


110 


1,615 


1,673 


104 


Ohio... 


2,168 
2,687 
3,454 
645 
1,667 


2,332 
2,977 
3,986 
649 
1,829 


108 
11] 
115 
101 
110 


1.917 

2,051 

1,958 

496 

817 


2,160 

2,369 

2,346 

546 

953 


113 

110 
120 

110 
117 


4, 085 
4,738 
5,412 
1,141 
2,484 


4,492 
5, 346 
6,332 
1, 195 
2,782 


110 




113 




117 




105 


Wisconsin. 


112 


E. N. Central.. 


10, 621 


11,773 


111 


7,239 


8,374 


116 


17, 860 


20, 147 


113 


Minnesota 


3,045 

8,207 

1,588 

450 

958 

1,876 

745 


3,686 
9,203 
2,038 

538 
1,236 
2,128 

855 


120 
112 
128 
120 
129 
113 
115 

117 


941 
2,703 
1, 451 
101 
259 
632 
620 


1,065 
3,172 
1,926 

84 
283 
820 

798 


113 
117 
133 
83 
109 
130 
129 


3,986 
10,915 
3, 039 
551 
1,217 
2, 508 
1,365 


4,731 
12, 375 
3,964 
622 
1,519 
2,948 
1,653 


119 
113 




130 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 


113 
125 

118 


Kansas 


121 






W.N. Central .. 


16, 869 


19, 664 


6.712 


8,148 


121 


23, 581 


27,812 


118 


N. Central 


27, 490 


31,437 


114 


13. 951 


16, 522 


118 


41,441 


47, 959 


116 


Delaware. 


18 
137 
466 
154 
697 
410 
1,010 
372 


16 
149 
474 
156 
769 
434 
1, 115 
382 


89 
10.) 

102 
10.1 

110 
106 
110 

103 


13 
145 
457 
168 
563 
298 
762 
255 


16 
172 
488 
189 
634 
342 
940 
314 


123 
119 
107 
112 
113 
115 
123 
123 


31 
282 
923 
322 

1,260 
708 

1,772 
627 


32 
321 
962 
345 

1, 403 
776 

2, 055 
696 


103 


Marvland 


114 
104 


West Virginia 

North Carolina... 
Sojth Carolina. .. 


107 
111 
110 
116 


Florida .. 


111 






S. Atlantic 


3. 264 


3,495 


107 


2.661 


3,095 


116 


5.925 


6. 590 


111 


Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama. 


638 
700 
622 
578 
698 
614 
503 
995 


728 
775 
708 
648 
876 
715 
632 
1.037 


114 

111 
lit 
112 
126 
116 
126 
104 


680 
618 
496 
500 
644 
500 
525 
895 


787 
762 
633 
593 
749 
586 
676 
1. 156 


116 
123 
128 
119 

116 
117 
129 
129 


1,318 
1,318 
1,118 
1,078 
1,342 
1, 114 
1,028 
1,890 


1,515 
1.537 
1,341 
1,241 
1. 625 
1,301 
1,308 
2.193 


115 
117 
120 


Mississippi 


115 
121 




117 


Oklahoma 

Texas 


127 
116 


S. Central 


5, 348 


6,119 


114 


4. 858 


5.942 


122 


10. 206 


12,001 


118 


Montana 


70 

273 

31 

179 

62 

21 

74 

19 

184 

186 

390 


83 

273 

40 

165 

54 

2" 

78 

V 

192 

18' 

40.- 


119 
100 
129 
92 
87 
119 
105 
79 
104 
102 
104 


66 
153 

12 

147 

50 

10 

51 

11 

136 

145 

450 


82 
161 

15 

152 

48 

10 

53 

11 

151 

147 

450 


124 
105 
125 
103 
96 
100 
101 
100 

111 

101 
101 


136 
426 

43 
326 
112 

31 
125 

30 
320 
331 
840 


165 
434 

55 
317 
102 

35 
131 

26 
343 
336 
861 


121 


Idaho. 


102 


Wyoming.. 

Colorado 


128 
97 


New Mexico 


91 
113 


Utah 

Nevada. -. 

Washington 

Oregon 


105 
87 
107 
102 


California 


102 


Western 


1.489 


1,511 


102 


1, 231 


1,286 


104 


2,720 


2. 80. r 


103 


United States. . 


38, 476 


43. 437 


113 


23,431 


27, 651 


118 


61. 907 


71, 088 


115 



December 1938 



CHOPS AND MARKETS 



297 



The December survey reports indicate that the 1938 spring pig 
crop has been marketed fairly early, which is unusual in years of 
abundant feed, low feed prices, and a high hog-corn ratio. The 
1938 spring pig crop for the Corn Belt was 14 percent larger than 
that of 1937. The number of hogs over 6 months old remaining 
on Corn Belt farms December 1 this year was reported as only 
about 5 percent larger than a year earlier. If allowance is made 
for the larger number of sows bred to farrow in the spring of 1939, 
the number of other hogs remaining was only about 2 percent 
larger. 





Sows farrowed 


Pigs per litter 




Spring (Dec. 1-June 1) 


Fall (June 1- 
Dec. 1) 


Spring 


Fall 


State and division 


1937 


1938 


19391 


1937 


1938 


Num- 
ber 


Num- 
ber 




a 

3 


Hi ° 


.a 

a 

3 


a 00 


a 

3 


a 

3 




B 

3 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 




1,000 
7 
2 
4 

17 
1 
3 

27 
13 
63 


104 
105 
97 
95 
91 
96 
103 
100 
98 

99 

104 
107 
112 
100 
108 

108 

118 
109 
127 
122 
127 
112 
116 

114 

112 

87 
104 
101 
100 
107 
110 
108 
103 

106 

112 
110 
108 
109 
120 
115 
124 
105 

112 

117 
100 
136 
90 
87 
113 
113 
87 
96 
96 
100 

100 
111 


1,000 

7 

2 

3 

16 

1 

3 

28 

13 

62 


101 
104 
109 
110 
100 
115 
115 
110 
113 

112 

117 
116 
120 
124 
118 

"us 

120 
115 
127 
124 
134 
140 
145 

123 

121 

119 
117 
111 
109 
110 
120 
115 
109 

113 

130 
130 
119 
120 
120 
121 
135 
132 

126 

146 
115 
129 
145 
104 
107 
121 
111 
115 
111 
103 

116 

121 


1,000 
7 
2 
4 

18 
1 
3 
32 
14 
70 


1,000 
6 
2 
4 

11 
1 
3 

20 
8 

57 


90 
93 
106 
118 
110 
111 
114 
110 
109 

109 

113 
114 
120 
110 
117 

115 

108 
113 
130 
82 
105 
125 
120 

117 

116 

119 
113 
106 
108 
109 
114 
125 
114 

114 

119 
125 
128 
114 
120 
115 
130 
130 

123 

120 
104 
125 
104 
100 
100 
100 
105 
111 
105 
101 

104 
116 


1,000 
5 
1 
4 

12 
1 
3 

23 
8 

62 


6.61 
6.64 
6.90 
5.70 
6.00 
6.00 
7.02 
6.09 
6.48 
(TIT 

6.63 
6.46 
6.28 
6.79 
6.75 

6.50 

6.37 

6.26 
6.5b 
6.62 
6.2b 
6.36 
6.65 

6.34 

6.40 

5.78 
5.97 
6.47 
6.70 
6.01 

5. 69 
5.77 
5.10 

5.86 

6.38 
6.25 
5.50 
5.25 
5.54 
4.95 

6. 14 
5.72 

5.68 

6.39 
6.51 
5.70 
5.97 
5.62 
5.70 
6.31 
6.10 
6.58 
6. 66 
5.50 

6.07 
6.23 


6.3 

6.7 
6.7 
5.7 
5.5 
6.0 
6.9 
6.2 
6.4 

b739 

6.86 
6.69 
6.47 
6.83 
6.85 

6~68 

6.50 
6.44 
6.64 
6.48 
6.37 
6.45 
6.58 

6.47 

6.55 

6.1 
6.2 
6.5 
6.8 
6.2 
5.5 
5.9 
5.1 

5.93 

6.5 
6.3 
5.8 
5.4 
5.8 
5.0 
6.2 
5.7 

5.80 

6.4 
6.5 
5.3 
6.1 
5.6 
6.0 
5.9 
5.5 
7.1 
7.0 
5.7 

6~22 
6.36 


6.50 
6.28 
7.23 
6.20 
6.00 
6.50 
7.23 
6.37 
6.54 

6.64 

6.75 
6.51 
6.42 
6.79 
6.75 

6.59 

6.03 
6. 14 
6. 39 
6.33 
5.89 
5.96 
6.08 

6.15 

6.37 

6.38 
6.30 
6.53 
6.72 
6.19 
5.95 
5.86 
5.20 

6.05 

6.60 
6.50 
5.70 
5.49 
6.08 
5.00 
6.25 
5.93 

5.95 

6.63 
6. 66 
6.00 

6.11 
5.50 
5.34 
6.43 
5.66 
7.14 
7.27 
5.70 

6723 
6.24 


6.6 


New Hampshire ._ 

Vermont 


7.2 
7. 1 




5.9 


Rhode Island 


5.8 




6.5 


New York 


7.2 




6.3 




6.7 






N. Atlantic 


137 


135 


151 


112 


119 


6.69 






Ohio 


327 
416 
550 
95 

247 


340 
445 
616 
95 
267 


398 
515 
740 
118 
315 


284 
315 
305 
73 
121 


320 
359 
366 

80 
141 


6.75 




6.60 




6.41 




6.82 




6.76 






E. N. Central 


1,635 


1,763 

564 
1,429 
307 
83 
194 
330 
130 


2,08b 


1,098 


1,266 


6.61 




478 
1,311 
242 
68 
153 
295 
112 


677 
1,643 
390 
103 
260 
462 
188 


156 
441 
227 
16 
44 
106 
102 


168 
498 
295 
13 
46 
132 
122 


6.34 




6.37 




6. 53 


North Dakota 


6. 44 


South Dakota 


6. 15 




6.21 




6. 54 






W. N. Central 


2,659 


3,037 


3,723 


1,092 


1,274 
2,540 


6.40 


N. Central . 


4,294 


4,800 


5,809 


2,190 


6 50 






Delaware 


3 
23 

72 

23 
116 

72 
175 

73 


3 
24 
73 
23 

124 
79 

189 
75 


L 3 

L28 

81 

25 
136 

95 
217 

82 


2 
23 
70 
25 
91 
50 
130 
49 


2 

26 
74 
27 
99 
57 
162 
56 


6 5 




6 6 




6 6 


West Virginia 


7 


North Carolina 

South Carolina.. 


6.4 
6.0 

5 8 




5 fi 






S. Atlantic 


557 


590 


667 


440 


503 


b, 15 








100 
112 
113 
110 
126 
124 
82 
174 


112 
123 
122 
120 
151 
143 
102 
182 


146 
160 
145 
144 
181 
173 
138 
240 


103 
95 
87 
91 

106 

100 
84 

151 


123 
119 
111 
104 
127 
115 
109 
19t 


6 4 


Tennessee 


6 4 




5 7 


Mississippi 


5 7 




5 9 


Louisiana 


5 1 


Oklahoma 


6 ?. 


Texas 


5 9 






S. Central .. 


941 


1,055 


1,327 


817 


1,004 


5 92 






Montana.. 


11 

42 
6 
30 
11 
4 
12 
3 
28 
28 
71 


13 

42 
8 
27 
10 
4 

13 
3 
27 
27 
71 


19 
48 
10 
39 
10 

4 
16 

3 
31 
30 
73 


10 
23 
2 
24 
9 
2 
8 
2 
19 
20 
79 


12 
24 
2 
25 
9 
2 
8 
2 
21 
21 
8C 


6 8 


Idaho 


fi 7 


Wyoming 


6 1 


Colorado 


6 1 


New Mexico 


5 3 




5 fi 


Utah 


fi fi 


Nevada 


5 4 


Washington 


7 ?, 


Oregon 


7 


California 


5 7 






Western 


246 
6,175 


245 


283 


198 


20b 


fi 23 






United States 


6,825 


8,237 


3,757 


4,372 


6.32 



Hog-Corn Ratios, 1927-38 

Number of Bushels of Corn Required to Buy 100 Pounds of Live Hogs, Based on 
Averages of Farm Prices of Corn and Hogs for the Month 



i Number indicated to farrow from breeding intentions reports. 



Compared with prices in mid-November last year, truck crop 
prices for the month ended November 15, 1938, were down 26 
points; grain prices were 25 points lower; dairy products, 23; 
and fruit prices, 17. Lower chicken prices offsetting higher egg 
prices kept the chicken and egg index 4 points under the average 
of these prices for November 1937. 



Year 


a 

03 




3 


P. 


03 

3 


a 

3 


U2 

>> 

>-> 


ei 

3 
<! 


CO 


O 


W3 

> 

O 


6 

fi 


03 

bo 

CO 

> 

< 


1927. 

1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 


Bu. 
17.1 
10.4 
10.2 
11.4 
11.8 
11.2 

14.0 
7.0 
8.1 

16.7 
9.3 

14.5 


Bu. 
16.8 
9.6 
10.2 
12.2 
11.6 
10.9 

15.2 

8.5 
8.4 

16.8 
8.9 

15.0 


Bu. 
16.7 
8.7 
11.3 
12.8 
12.0 
12.1 

15.6 
8.2 
9.8 

16.3 
8.7 

16.3 


Bu. 
15.9 
8.4 
11.7 
11.7 
12.0 
11.4 

11.4 
7.4 
9.2 

16.4 
7.6 

14.7 


Bu. 
12.9 

8.6 
11.6 
11.6 
11.3 

9.8 

10.0 
6.5 
9.3 

14.3 

7.7 
13.9 


Bu. 
9.4 
8.5 
11.3 
11.5 
10.6 
9.6 

9.9 
6.3 
10.0 
14.5 
8.5 
15.3 


Bu. 
9.3 
9.4 
11.3 
10.9 
11.5 
14.1 

7.2 
6.7 
10.2 
11.4 
9.1 
15.9 


Bu. 

9.5 
10.2 
10.7 

9.5 
12.3 
13.4 

7.8 
6.3 
12.6 
9.5 
11.2 
16.1 


Bu. 
10.3 
11.7 
9.8 
10.3 
12.6 
13.5 

8.0 
7.8 
13.2 
9.2 
11.2 
16.8 


Bu. 
11.6 
11.3 
9.9 
10.7 
14.1 
15.0 

10.7 
6.8 

13.3 
9.4 

16.6 

17.4 


Bu. 
12.2 
11.3 
10 5 
12.4 
11.9 
15.7 

9.1 
6.7 
15.1 
9.2 
17.2 
18.1 


Bu. 

10.8 
10.4 
10.9 
11.5 
10.9 
14.5 

7.0 
6.0 

16.5 
9.5 
15.5 


Bu. 
12.7 
9.9 
10.8 
11.4 
11.9 
12.6 

10.5 
7.0 
11.3 
12.8 
11.0 



Hog and Corn Ratios, 1916-38 

The Curve Shows the Number of Bushels of Corn EquaHn Value to 100 Pounds of 
live Hogs at Average Farm Prices 



BUSHELS 


























































[ 








f 


















( 


\ 














































1 

1 
















-- 
























1 








AV.- 






1/ 






— ' 




— 




— 




~h 








1 




rlTj 
7T 




— 


-- 


































v. 
















V 






































































































































L 






1 


1 


' 




„.j.i„L,.u 


,i,L 






,1.1.1, 
















• 









1924 1926 1928 1930 1932 1934 1936 



Cattle Feeding Situation, December 1, 1938 

Developments in the cattle feeding situation during November 
gave further evidence in support of the expectation that the 
number of cattle to be fed during the 1938-39 feeding season 
would be somewhat larger than in 1937-38. 

With large supplies of feed grains, hay and roughage in nearly 
all of the Corn Belt States, and with prices of feeds showing 
little tendency to advance from prevailing low levels, the demand 
for cattle to help utilize this feed has strengthened. This was 
reflected in the large movement of stocker and feeder cattle into 
the Corn Belt in November at the highest level of prices for the 
current season and the highest level for November in 8 years. 

Shipments of stocker and feeder cattle from stockyards mar- 
kets into the Corn Belt States in November were somewhat 
larger than in November 1937 and were the largest for the month 
in 7 years. For the 5 months, July through November, the 
total of such shipments was about 4 percent larger this year 
than last and also the largest in 7 years. Records of direct 
shipments of feeder cattle, not going through stockyards, for a 
number of important feeding States show that the direct move- 
ment since July of this year has been considerably larger than 
during the corresponding period last year. Indications early in 
December were that as many or more cattle would be fed this 
year as last in all but 2 or 3 of the 11 Corn Belt States, with the 
largest percentage increases in States west of the Mississippi 
River. 

In contrast with the situation in the Corn Belt, reports from 
the Western States early in December indicate that the number 
of cattle to be fed in that area will be considerably smaller this 
year than last. The largest decreases are indicated for California 
and Colorado, the two leading cattle feeding States in this group. 
Although feed supplies are generally abundant and low in price 
in nearly all of these States, the high prices of feeder cattle and 
the rather unfavorable returns from last year's feeding operations 
have tended to hold down feeding this year. 

Shipments of feeder cattle into the Lancaster feeding area of 
Pennsylvania and Maryland from July through November this 
year were somewhat below the heavy shipments of a year earlier. 
Present indications also point to some decrease in cattle feeding 
from last year in both Texas and Oklahoma. 



298 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Cost of Producing Field Crops, 1937 



Estimated costs per unit of product in 1937 for cotton, corn, 
and oats reflected relatively high yields for these crops in that 
they were appreciably lower than they would have been had 
yields been average. For cotton the 1937 yield of 279 pounds 
lint per acre (gross weight) is the highest of record and exceeds 
the 1927-36 average yield by about 91 pounds per acre or by 
about 48 percent. The yield of corn for grain was the highest 
since 1920 and about 23 percent above the 1927-36 average 
yield. Oat yields in 1937 were the highest since 1928, and about 
21 percent above the 1927-36 average yield. Although the 1937 
wheat yield per acre harvested was the highest reported since 
1931, it was only slightly above the 1927-36 average yield. 

The above yield comparisons apply to the country as a whole 
but there were some groups of States in 1937 where yields were 
below the 1927-36 averages. This was especially true for some 
of the Great Plains States. As a result, costs per bushel for 
corn and wheat in some States were higher than they would have 
been had yields been average. In most States, however, 1937 
yields were favorable and the cost per unit of product was 
appreciably lower than would have been realized under usual 
weather conditions. 



The last column of tables 1 and 2 shows the estimated net cost 
per unit of product including rent, based on 1927-36 average 
yields and abandonment, and 1937 cost rates. These figures 
when compared with the 1937 net cost per unit of product, 
including rent, reflect the difference in cost attributable to yield 
differences. 

The estimated total costs include charges at prevailing rates 
for labor, power, materials, and equipment. The use of land is 
charged to the different crops on a cash rental basis. The 
farmer's labor and that of his family and other items of cost 
furnished by the farm were charged to the various crops at 
prevailing rates. Payments received by the farmer from the 
Agricultural Adjustment Administration, and the cost on the 
part of the farmer for complying with the programs of the 
Agricultural Adjustment Administration have not been con- 
sidered in estimating production costs. 

The cost figures represent the approximate price which would 
cover the cash costs and return to the farmer prevailing wages 
for his labor and going rental for his land, allowance for depreci- 
ation, etc. In other words, they show what it costs on an aver- 
age to hire the work done and to rent the land for farming, but 



Table 1. — Corn, Wheat, and Oats: 



Estimated Cost of Production in 1937 and the Estimated Cost per Bushel on a 
10-Year Average Yield Basis 1 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 
per 
acre 


Gross cost per acre 


Credit 
per 
acre 
for 
by- 
prod- 
uct 


Net cost per 
acre 


Net cost per bushel 


Crop and group of States 


Pre- 
pare 
and 
plant 


Culti- 
vate 
and 
hoe 


Har- 
vest * 


Haul 

to 
market 


Ferti- 
lizer 
and 
ma- 
nure 


Seed 


Mis- 
cella- 
neous 3 


Land 
rent * 


Total 


Exclud- 
ing 
rent 


Includ- 
ing 
rent 


Exclud- 
ing rent 


Includ 


ng rent 




1937 
yield 


1937 
yield 


1927-36 
yield 
basis * 


Corn (for grain) 

Eastern: 

North • 


1,000 
acres 
9,490 
14, 507 

13, 573 
19, 247 
10, 212 

4,090 
9,267 
1,123 


Bushels 
28.7 
14.8 

40.9 
45.9 

17.8 

14.2 
17.4 
13.2 


Dollars 
5.28 
3.28 

5.51 
4.19 
3.20 

2.78 
2.93 
2.75 


Dollars 
3.88 
3.33 

2.90 
2.13 
1.88 

1.60 
3.01 
1.93 


Dollars 
3.61 
1.69 

4.17 
3.63 
1.75 

1.48 
1.80 
1.72 


Dollars 
1.70 
.99 

1.42 
1.46 
.80 

.70 
1.04 

.74 


Dollars 
2.92 
1.95 

3.13 
1.67 
.76 

.66 
.58 
.44 


Dollars 

0.49 

.45 

.53 
.70 
.42 

.45 
.43 
.44 


Dollars 
2.94 
2.07 

2.95 
2.59 
2.91 

3.16 
1.95 
4.46 


Dollars 
4.66 
3.54 

4.88 
6.02 
3.94 

2.89 
3.32 

2.97 


Dollars 
25.48 
17.30 

25.49 
22.39 
15.66 

13.72 

15.06 
15.45 


Dollars 
2.10 

.78 

1.78 
.86 
.81 

1.00 
.50 
.89 


Dollars 
18.72 
12.98 

18.83 
15.51 
10.91 

9.83 
11.24 
11.59 


Dollars 
23.38 
16.52 

23.71 
21.53 
14.85 

12.72 
14.56 
14.56 


Dollars 

0.65 

.88 

.46 
.34 
.61 

.69 
.65 
.88 


Dollars 
0.81 
1.12 

.58 
.47 
.83 

.90 
.84 
1.10 


Dollars 
0.94 


South ' _- 


1.31 


Ohio, Ind., Mich., Wis., 
and Minn 


.71 


111. and Iowa 


.62 


Mo. and Nebr 


.75 


Kans., S. Dak., and N. 
Dak 


.79 


Southwestern s . 


.96 


Western • 


.88 






United States 


81,509 


28.7 


4.02 


2.71 


2.79 


1.22 


1.81 


.52 


2.62 


4.46 


20.15 


1.10 


14.59 


19.05 


.51 


.66 


.79 


Wheat 

Eastern: 

North M 


3,421 
1, 459 
5,614 
6,718 

26, 504 

14, 922 
5,822 


19.4 
11.3 

17.7 
15.6 

12.4 

9.0 
21.3 


4.41 
3.30 
3.96 
3.18 

2.24 

2.68 
3.62 




4.78 
3.34 
3.96 
3.43 

2.34 

2.29 

3.04 


1.09 
.70 
.73 
.64 

.44 

.43 
.99 


3.44 

2.07 
2.88 
1.06 

.14 

.22 
.16 


2.02 
1.45 
1.95 
1.59 

1.14 

1.61 
1.47 


3.01 

2.43 
2.76 
2.79 

2.82 

3.65 
3.93 


4.37 
3.21 
4.61 
4.25 

2.95 

2.67 
4.46 


23.12 
16.23 

20.85 
16.94 

12.07 

13.55 
17.67 


2.64 
1.33 
1.51 

.98 

.37 

.52 
.52 


16.11 

11.69 
14.73 
11.71 

8.75 

10.36 
12.69 


20.48 
14.90 
19.34 
15.96 

11.70 

13.03 
17.15 


.83 
1.03 
.83 
.75 

.71 

1.15 
.60 


1.06 
1.32 
1.09 
1.02 

.94 

1.45 

.81 


1.19 


South " _ 


1.47 


Ohio, Ind., and Mich 

Wis., 111., Iowa, and Mo. 
Nebr, Kans., Colo., 

Tex., and Okla 

Minn.,N. Dak., S. Dak., 

Mont., and Wyo 

Western » 


1.06 
1.03 

.92 

1.15 

.84 






United States. 


64, 460 


13.6 


2.85 




2 80 


.58 


.71 


1.45 


3.10 


3.38 


14.87 


.72 


10.77 


14.15 


.79 


1.04 


1.03 


Oats 

Eastern: 

North • 


2,272 
1,318 
2, 729 
7,943 
9,320 

7,539 
2,797 
1,161 


25.9 
21.1 
29.9 
35.1 
45.2 

23.3 
22.3 
34.4 


5.00 
2.30 
2.47 
3.17 
1.66 

1.85 
2.16 
3.89 




4.45 
3.17 
3.68 
3.72 
3.48 

2.83 
2.60 
4.09 


.95 
.84 
.67 
.86 
.92 

.60 
.76 
1.13 


3.09 

1.83 

.82 

.72 

.34 

.26 
.14 
.63 


1.88 
1.42 
1.42 
1.60 
1.72 

1.36 
1.23 
1.43 


2.82 
2.06 
2.16 
2.33 
2.02 

2.26 
1.95 
4.38 


4.30 
3.02 
4.53 
3.83 
5.64 

2.86 
2.80 
4.42 


22.49 
14.64 
15.75 
16.23 
15.78 

12.02 
11.64 
19.97 


3.07 
1.23 
1.33 
1.51 
1.25 

1.01 
.63 
1.12 


15.12 
10.39 

9.89 
10.89 

8.89 

8.15 
8.21 
14.43 


19.42 
13.41 
14.42 
14.72 
14.53 

11.01 

11.01 
18.85 


.58 
.49 
.33 
.31 
.20 

.35 
.37 
.42 


.75 
.64 
.48 
.42 
.32 

.47 
.49 
.55 


.72 


South ' 


.69 


Ohio and Ind 

Mich., Wis., and Minn.. 
111. and Iowa 


.50 
.48 
.45 


Mo., Nebr,, Kans., S. 

Dak., and N. Dak 
Southwestern * 


.51 

.50 


Western • 


.58 






United States 


35, 079 


32.7 


2.46 




3.41 


.81 


.68 


1.54 


2.28 


4.09 


15.27 


1.33 


9.85 


13.94 


.30 


.43 


.50 



i Preliminary estimates. States grouped mainly on a basis of production practices and yields. In computing averages, data were weighted by acreage harvested. 

1 Includes threshing for wheat and oats. 

3 Includes charges for water for irrigation, twine and sacks, crop insurance, use of implements, use of storage buildings, overhead, including a small amount of miscellaneous 
labor, and a charge for expenses incurred on acreage abandoned because of crop failure. 

* Includes a charge for rent on the acreage not harvested because of crop failure. 

» Estimated costs in 1937 if yields and acre abandonment had been the average of 1927-36. The average United States yield per acre harvested in that period was for corn 
23.4 bushels, for wheat 13.5 bushels, and for oats 27.1 bushels. 

> Includes the 6 New England States, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. 

' Includes the States of North Carolina. South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi. 

' Includes the States of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. 

1 Includes the States of Montana. Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Washington, Oregon, and California. 

10 Includes the 6 New Eneland States, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, and Kentucky. 

11 Includes the States of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, and Arkansas. 

1! Includes the States of Idaho, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Washington, Oregon, and California. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



299 



they cannot be supposed to indicate what prices the farmer 
should get for his products in order to maintain any specific 
standard of living. 

Many farmers own their land and, with the help of their 
families, do most of the farm work. Such farmers can continue 
to produce, even though prices obtained are below production 
costs, but they will obtain less than going wages for their labor 
and less than the prevailing rent for their land. 

The cost figures are largely based on information obtained 
from growers in reply to a cost-of-production questionnaire 
mailed to voluntary crop reporters and on published results of 
Federal and State cost studies. For each year, beginning with 
the 1922 crop of corn, wheat, and oats, and the 1923 crop of 
cotton, cost figures have been published in Crops and Markets. 

Cost figures for the crops of 1923-33, inclusive, were published 
in the Department Yearbooks and costs for the 1934, 1935, and 
1936 crops in Agricultural Statistics for 1936, 1937, and 1938, 
respectively. Prior to 1932, the cost figures as published were 
averages of reporting farms, with the exception of wheat and 
cotton costs for 1931 as published in the 1933 Yearbook, which 
were based on average yields. Beginning with the 1932 crop, 
cost figures for all four crops are based on average yields. Only 
the cost per unit of product is believed to be fairly comparable 
for all years. 

CORN 

For the country as a whole the cost of producing corn for grain 
in 1937, with a yield of 28.7 bushels per acre, was 66 cents per 
bushel including rent and 51 cents excluding rent. It is esti- 
mated that the cost in 1937 with a yield of 23.4 bushels per acre 
(the 1927-36 average) would have been 79 cents per bushel in- 
cluding rent. The cost per bushel was lower in Illinois and Iowa 
than in any other group of States. The Southern States of the 
Eastern group had the highest cost per bushel. 



The estimated cost for wheat in 1937 was $1.04 per bushel 
with rent included, and 79 cents with rent excluded. The 1937 
yield of 13.6 bushels per acre harvested compares with the 
1927-36 average of 13.5 bushels per acre. Thus, costs in 1937 
for the country as a whole were about the same as when computed 
on an average yield basis. The Western States had the lowest 
cost per bushel and the Southern States of the Eastern group the 
highest cost. 

OATS 

Oat costs in 1937 were estimated at 43 cents per bushel with 
rent included, and 30 cents per bushel with rent excluded. The 
1937 yield of 32.7 bushels per acre harvested compares with 27.1 
bushels (the 1927-36 average). Had yields and abandonment in 
1937 been average, it is estimated that the cost for oats including 
rent would have been 50 cents per bushel. The lowest cost per 
bushel is indicated for Illinois and Iowa and the highest cost for 
the Northern States of the Eastern group. 

COTTON 

The estimated cost for cotton with seed credited as a byproduct 
averaged 9.6 cents per pound of lint including rent, and 7.8 cents 
per pound excluding rent. The 1937 average yield of 279 pounds 
of lint (gross weight) compares with the 1927-36 average of 188 
pounds per acre harvested. It is estimated that the cost in 1937 
on the basis of average yields would have been 12.4 cents per 
pound. The highest cost per pound of lint is indicated for the 
western hilly areas and the lowest cost for the river bottom areas. 
Cotton costs per unit of product when computed on an average 
yield basis vary less in different areas than do costs for other crops. 



Table 2. — Cotton: Estimated Cost of Production, by Selected States and Regions in 1937, and the Estimated Cost 

per Pound of Lint on a 10-Year Average Yield Basis * 





Acre- 
age 
har- 
vested 


Aver- 
age 

yield 

of lint 
per 

acre 2 


Gross cost per acre 


Credit 
per 
acre 
for 
cotton- 
seed 




Net cost of lid 


t 






Pre- 
pare 
and 
plant 3 


Culti- 
vate 
and 
hoe 


Har- 
vest ' 


Ferti- 
lizer 
and 
ma- 
nure 


Seed 


Gin- 
ning 


Mis- 

cella- 

nc- 

ous • 


Land 
rent 


Total 


Per 


acre 


Per pound 


State and region 


Exclud- 
ing 
rent 


Includ- 
ing 
rent 


Exclud- 
ing rent 


Including rent 




1937 
yield 


1937 
yield 


1927-36 
yield 
basis • 


State 


1,000 
acres 
1, 103 
1.695 
2.661 
2,094 
989 
3,467 
1,569 
3,062 
2,372 
12, 539 


Pounds 
354 
302 
282 
303 
334 
388 
352 
311 
163 
206 


Dollars 
5.51 
4.35 
4.37 
4.23 
4.69 
4.04 
3.98 
4.20 
3.27 
2.96 


Dollars 
6.87 
5.61 
5.61 
5.66 
6.05 
6.38 
6.29 
5.88 
3.96 
4.14 


Dollars 
10.29 
7.46 
7.07 
7.58 
9.83 
13.01 
10.50 
9.58 
4.98 
5.48 


Do'lars 
6.39 
5.95 
4.77 
4.52 
2.15 
2.50 
1.61 
1.31 
.20 
.34 


Dollars 
1.20 
1.23 
1.20 
1.14 
1.11 
1.32 
1.36 
1.25 
.99 
1.09 


Dollars 
2.37 
1.73 
2.03 
2.05 
3.08 
3.91 
3.52 
3.39 
1.94 
2.40 


Dollars 
3.54 
3.77 
3.30 
3.07 
3.15 
3.54 
3.40 
3.02 
2.74 
2.70 


Dollars 
6.91 
4.35 
3.43 
3.98 
5.20 
5.58 
5.03 
4.75 
3.77 
4.58 


Dollars 
43.08 
34.45 
31.78 
32.23 
35.26 
40.28 
35.69 
33.38 
21.85 
23.69 


Dollars 
6.12 
5.16 
4.48 
4.53 
5.23 
6.81 
5.86 
5.19 
2.70 
3.08 


Dollars 
30.05 
24.94 
23.87 
23.72 
24.83 
27.89 
24.80 
23.44 
15.38 
16.03 


Dollars 
36.96 
29.29 
27.30 
27.70 
30.03 
33.47 
29.83 
28. 19 
19.15 
20. 61 


Cents 
8.5 
8.3 
8.5 
7.8 
7.4 
7.2 
7.0 
7.5 
9.4 
7.8 


Cents 
10.4 
9.7 
9.7 
fi. 1 
9.0 
8.6 
8.5 
9.1 
11.7 
10.0 


Cents 
12 1 




11 4 




11.9 


Alabama --- 


12.1 
11.3 




12.0 




11.7 




11.8 




13.2 




12.7 






Region 


5,471 
2,922 
3,143 
3,645 
6,154 

5,583 
5,800 
1,253 


301 
285 
341 
443 

208 

187 
218 
561 


4.26 
4.71 
4.34 
4.16 
3.87 

2.94 

2.65 
6.75 


5.94 

5.82 
5.89 
6.83 
5.41 

4.32 
3.19 
6.09 


8.32 

7.46 
9.52 
14.70 
6.02 

5.02 

5.99 
21 13 


4.78 
5.32 
3.34 
1.03 
1.20 

.26 
.06 
.35 


1.22 
1.20 
1.14 
1.36 
1.16 

1.15 
.99 
1.24 


2.33 

1.78 
2.69 
4.85 
2.20 

2.13 
2.73 
5.85 


3.33 
3.52 
3.10 
3.71 
2.93 

2.79 
2.31 
12.97 


4.12 
4.51 
4.59 
6.55 
3.97 

5.37 
3.87 
11.84 


34.30 
34.32 
34.61 
43.19 
26.76 

23.98 
21.79 
66.22 


4.82 
4.83 
5.24 
8.01 
3.25 

2.95 
3.19 
10.16 


25.36 
24.98 
24.78 
28.63 
19.54 

15.66 
14.73 
44.22 


29.48 
29.49 
29.37 
35. 18 
23.51 

21.03 
18.60 
56.06 


8.4 
8.8 
7.3 
6.5 
9.4 

8.4 
6.8 
7.9 


9.8 
10.3 
8.6 
7.9 
11.3 

11.2 
8.5 
10.0 


12.6 




12.0 


Eastern hilly areas ' 

River bottom areas '• 

Western hilly areas " 

Gulf coast prairie and 

Texas black prairie 12 ._ 

Western dry areas 1S 


11.3 
10.5 
14.0 

12.8 
11.3 

11.7 






United States »... 


33.971 


279 


3.82 


5.20 


8.15 


1.93 


1.16 


2.73 


3.39 


4.88 


31.26 


4.53 


21.85 


26.73 


7.8 


9.6 


12.4 



i Preliminary estimates. In computing averages, data were weighted by acreage harvested. 

! Obtained by dividing the production of lint in terms of 500-pound gross-weight bales by the acreage harvested. 

• Includes hauling and spreading manure. 

• Includes picking and snapping cotton, hauling to gin, and hauling lint and cottonseed to local markets. 

1 Includes miscellaneous labor, irrigation (including water), dusting, picking sacks and sheets, crop insurance, use of implements, use of storage buildings, overhead, and a 
charge for expenses incurred on acreage abandoned because of crop failure. 

• Estimated cost in 1937 if cotton yield and acreage abandonment had been the average of 1927-36. The average United States yield in that period was 188 pounds of lint 
(gross weight). 

' Includes the lower and upper coastal plain of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and the black prairie belt of 
Alabama and Mississippi. 

8 Includes the rolling and hilly uplands of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama, which border the Blue Ridge Mountains on the east and south. 
' Include Tennessee exclusive of Lake County, the hilly cotton lands of northern Mississippi, northern Alabama, and northern Georgia, and western North Carolina. 
'• Include the principal bottom lands of the Mississippi, the Arkansas, and the Red Rivers. 
11 Include the hilly lands of Arkansas, Louisiana, southern Missouri, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. 
18 Include the gulf-coast prairie of Texas and Louisiana, and the black waxy prairie of Texas. 
13 Include the dry-land areas of western Oklahoma, western Texas, and eastern New Mexico. 
11 Include the irrigated cotton lands of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. 

15 Include the 16 States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas, 
New Mexico, Arizona, and California, which produced 99.9 percent of the United States cotton crop of 1937. 



300 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Eggs Laid Daily per Farm Flock > 



Area 



N. AT. STATES 

10-year average, 

1927-36 

1937 

1938... 

N. CENT. STATES 

10-year average, 

1927-36- 

1937. 

1938 

S. AT. STATES 

10-year average, 

1927-36 

1937 

1938 

S. CENT. STATES 

10-year average, 

1927-36 

1937 

1938... 

WEST. STATES 

10-year average. 

1927-36 

1937 

1938 

UNITED STATES 

10-year average, 

1927-36.. 

1937.- 

1938 



22.1 
32 2 
30. 



17.6 
23.1 
21.7 



12.0 
13.8 
14.3 



11.8 

12 

12.2 



15.8 
18.6 
18.3 



28.1 
40.1 
36.2 



36.4 
47.1 
44.7 



25.5 39.0 
25.5 37.5 
31.4 39.2 



16.9 
19.6 
18.2 



17.2 
14.9 
20.0 



20.9 
18 9 
25.0 



15.0 21.2 
18.5 21.6 
17.8 25.3 



23 9 
24.6 
26.4 



26.5 
26.1 
26.4 



30 

30.4 

29.9 



31.6 
31.7 
32.5 



49.3 
53.2 
54.0 



58.2 
53.7 
57.2 



28.7 
29.0 
29.1 



32.5 
30.1 
31.8 



39 

39.6 

38.0 



42.8 
40.7 
42 5 



50.2 
53.7 
52.1 



59.0 
58.6 
54.4 



26.1 
27.4 
25.3 



28.8 
28.9 
27.8 



39.6 
40.1 
38.5 



41.6 
41.8 
39.4 



44.7 
47.9 
45.6 



49. 

49.6 

46.9 



22.4 
23.0 
22.2 



24.0 
23.3 
23.5 



34.8 
37.4 
34.2 



35.4 
35.4 
34.0 



36.9 32.8 

40.5 36.2 

39.6 34. 



39.0 
37.5 
37.7 



19.5 
19.1 
19.2 



19.7 
18.9 
19.9 



29.7 
30.1 
29.8 



28.0 
27.9 
28.2 



31.1 
32.0 
32.0 



16.9 
17.2 
17.3 



16.7 
17.0 
16.8 



26.2 
28.4 
26.0 



23.8 
24.6 
24.2 



28.0 
30 5 
29.8 



27.3 
27.8 
2 



14.1 
14.9 
14.7 



13.9 
14.6 
14.3 



22 9 

23 9 
23.8 



20.5 
21.1 
20.7 



21.7 
25.1 
25.4 


22.0 
23.0 
22.5 


12.3 
13.2 
13.5 


13.3 

13.8 
14.2 


18.7 
20 3 
20.4 


17.3 
18.3 
18.3 



16 
20.6 
23.8 



15 

17.2 
19. 



10.6 
11.7 
12.7 



11.7 
12.1 
13.2 



14.3 
16.5 
16.9 



13.4 
14.7 
16.3 



17.7 
26.1 
26.6 



13.5 
16.4 
18.9 



10.2 
11.3 
13.1 



10.3 
11.9 



12.7 
15.2 
14.4 



12.0 
14.1 
15.9 



1 As reported in the returns of flocks by about 20,000 crop correspondents, excluding 
flocks numbering 400 or more hens and pullets of laying age on Jan. 1. 



Hens and Pullets Per Farm Flock ' 
[First day of each month] 



Area and year 



N. AT. STATES 

10-vear average, 

1927-36 

1937 

1938 



N. CENT. STATES 

10-year average. 

1927-36 

1937 

1938 

8. AT. STATES 

10-year average, 

1927-36. 

1937 

1938 

S. CENT. STATES 

10-year average, 

1927-36 

1937 

1938 

WEST. STATES 

10-year average, 

1927-36 

1937.- 

1938 

UNITED STATES 

10-year average, 

1927-36.. 

1937.. 

1938-. 



c 

03 


CD 
ft* 


95.8 
104.1 
96.7 


94.0 
100.1 
95.1 


116.4 
111.4 
102.4 


115.9 
109.8 
103.5 


60.5 
61 4 
55.8 


59.4 
60.5 
54.6 


67.6 
64.7 
59.3 


67 5 
62.7 
60.3 


74.1 
72.2 
71.1 


73.4 
73.0 
71.0 


86. 5 
si 2 
77.6 


85.9 
82.5 
78.3 



92. 1 89 1 
97.4 95.5 
93.8 91.2 



112.4 

106. 2 



57.8 
57.4 
54.3 



64 
61 

58.5 



71.8 
71 1 
69.5 



83.2 
80 
75.8 



110.3 
104.2 
98.0 



55.4 
56.3 
52.7 



61.5 
57.5 
56.1 



69 7 
69.0 
67.0 



80.6 
77.5 
73.8 



85.4 



104.7 
99.0 
91.0 



52.1 
51.5 
48.0 



56.6 

54, 

51.7 



66. 1 
61.4 



76.0 
73.1 

08. 6 



82.0 
85.7 
81.7 



98.1 
91.7 
85.9 



48.7 
46.3 



53.5 
50.6 
49.1 



64.0 
64.8 
62.1 



71.8 
68.5 
65.0 



77.3 
81.4 
77.0 



91.3 

82.7 
79.2 



48.5 
46.5 
46.0 



47.6 



61 
60.2 
59.6 



67 8 
63. 6 
61.6 



74.8 
79.6 
74.7 



85.6 
78.5 
75.7 



47.1 
46.0 
44.5 



50. 

49.2 

46.3 



60.0 
60.4 
57.5 



65.2 
62.1 
59.3 



72.9 
74.4 
76.9 



79. 1 86. 9 

81.3 87.3 

81.4 88.7 



83.7 
75.2 81.0 
74. 9 82. 1 



17.7 
45.0 
46.3 



51.8 
48.3 
47.0 



59.6 
58. 3 
58.3 



64.6 
59.9 

59 S 



51.2 



56.9 
51.4 
53 



62.0 
61. 1 
61.5 



69.7 
04.3 
65.6 



93.4 



53.9 
50.7 
53.3 



59.5 
54. 1 
57.5 



67.0 
66.8 
67.3 



74.9 
69.3 
72.5 



92.5 
94.5 
96.3 



108.5 
98.0 
102.4 



57.4 
52 5 
56.0 



71.4 
70.3 
71.1 



81.1 
74.4 
78.0 



Index of Farm Prices of Eggs, Chickens, and Feed for Poultry 

fl921-30 average for same month = 100] 





1937 


1938 


Item 


g 
B 

H-9 


>> 

~3 


3 
< 


0. 


O 


i> 

o 


fi 


a 

03 




03 


P, 


03 


a 

3 


a 


cub 

3 


p, 

03 


O 


> 
o 


Eggs. 


80 
69 
123 


83 
73 
122 


79 
82 
104 


76 
86 
98 


71 
89 
76 


65 
90 
71 


58 
89 

72 


55 
85 
73 


53 
79 
71 


70 
77 
69 


73 
76 
69 


80 
75 
67 


83 
73 
64 


85 
71 
64 


82 
70 
57 


82 
71 
67 


76 
69 
55 


67 
72 
58 


Chickens 


Feed for poultry.. 



"Grain" Fed and Milk Produced per Milk Cow in Herds Kept 
by Crop Correspondents on Dec. 1, 1938, With Comparisons, 
Averages for Grand Divisions, With Details for Some of the 
Included States 





"Grain" fed per milk 
cow ' 


Milk produced per milk 
cow 2 


State 


Aver- 
age, 
Dec. 1 
1933-3C 


Dec. 1 
1937 


Dec. 1 
1938 


Aver- 
age, 
1927-36 


1936 


1937 


1938 


New England 


4.4 


4.4 


4.5 


14.18 


13.97 


14.18 


13 62 






New York . . 


4.6 
6.6 
5.4 


4.7 
7.1 
5.9 


5.1 

7.4 
6.0 


14.5 
17.6 
14.9 


15.6 
18.2 
14.9 


14.4 
17.7 
14.3 


15 3 


New Jersey 


18 2 


Pennsylvania 


15 1 






North Atlantic 


4.9 


5.1 


5.3 


14.69 


15.27 


14.58 


15 17 






Ohio. 


5.0 
4.4 
4.6 
4.1 
3.2 


5.2 
5.3 
5.5 
4.7 
4.0 


5.8 
5.7 
5.3 
5.2 
3.7 


13.3 
12.2 
12.4 
14.5 
13.1 


13.2 
11.9 
12.9 
14.6 
13.3 


12.3 
11.6 
12.3 
14.1 
12.5 


13 3 


Indiana 


12 2 


Illinois. 


12 6 


Michigan 


14 9 


Wisconsin.. 


12 7 






East North Central 


4.0 


4.8 


4.8 


13.08 


13.15 


12.50 


13.00 


Minnesota 


2.9 
4.2 
2.7 
2.2 
1.8 
2.8 
2.6 


4.0 
5.6 
4.1 
2.3 
2.4 
3.0 
3.6 


4.3 

5.3 
4.1 
2.7 
2.7 
3.8 
3.9 


12.8 
11.6 
8.5 
9.1 
8.9 
11.0 
11.8 


12.7 
11.5 
8.5 
7.8 
7.4 
10.1 
12.6 


12.9 
11.5 
7.9 
8.5 
8.6 
10.4 
11.2 


13 1 


Iowa.. _. 


12 8 


Missouri.. 


8.6 


North Dakota 


8.8 


South Dakota 


9.9 


Nebraska 


11 9 


Kansas 


12.3 






West North Central 


2.9 


3.9 


4.1 


10.80 


10.54 


10.45 


11.33 


Maryland 


5.2 
3.4 
3.0 
3.8 
3.2 


6.0 

4.3 
3.5 
4.1 
3.7 


6.7 
4.0 
3.9 
4.6 
3.0 


13.6 
10.1 

9.8 
10.2 

9.4 


13.0 
10.4 
10.0 
10.2 
10.4 


13.2 
10.5 

9.3 
10.8 

9.6 


14 6 


Virginia 


10.3 


West Virginia 

North Carolina 


9.9 
10.7 


South Carolina 


9 3 






South Atlantic 


3.6 


3.9 


4.1 


10.02 


10.12 


10.18 


10.61 






Kentucky 


4.4 
3.4 
2.0 
2.5 
2.4 
2.7 


5.0 
3.7 
2.6 
3.1 
2.7 
3.2 


5.2 
4.5 
2.2 
2.9 
3.2 
2.9 


9.8 
8.6 
6.7 
7.4 
9.0 
8.1 


10.2 
7.8 
6.1 
6.0 
8.9 
8.5 


10.2 
8.1 
6.4 
7.3 
9.5 
8.5 


10.2 


Tennessee 


8.5 


Mississippi.. 


6.3 


Arkansas 


7.3 


Oklahoma 


9.8 


Texas 


8.2 






South Central 


2.9 


3.4 


3.3 


8.25 


7.95 


8.39 


8.25 






Montana 


1.4 

1.7 
1.7 
2.4 
3.4 
3.0 
2.5 


2.4 
1.9 
2.1 
2.5 
3.8 
3.3 
4.1 


3.2 
2.6 
2.0 
2.8 

4.0 
3.9 
2.2 


10.7 
14.9 
10.4 
11.4 
14.8 
13.9 
15.5 


10.8 
14.8 
9.9 
11.5 
15.2 
12.5 
15.5 


10.9 
14.7 
10.6 
11.5 
14.8 
13.6 
17.5 


13.3 


Idaho 


15.4 


Wvoming... 


10.8 


Colorado 


13.1 


Washington 


15.1 


Oregon... 


13.8 




16.3 






Western 


2.4 


3.1 


2.9 


13.20 


12.99 


13.74 


14.10 






United States 


3.43 


4.09 


4.18 


11.52 


11.38 


11.32 


11.83 











i Averages per cow computed from answers to question, "How many pounds of 
grain including mill feeds and concentrates) were fed yesterday to milk cows on your 
farm or ranch?" 

a Averages obtained by dividing the reported daily milk productions of herds kept 
by reporters by the total number of milk cows 'in milk, or dry) in these herds. The 
regional averages shown were based in part on records from less important dairy 
States not shown separately, as follows: South Atlantic, Delaware, Georgia, Florida; 
South Central. Alabama. Louisiana; Western, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Nevada. 



1 As reported in the returns of flocks by about 20,000 crop correspondents, excluding 
flocks numbering 400 or more hens and pullets of laying age on Jan. 1. 



The general level of local market prices of agricultural com- 
modities declined one point during the month ended November 
15. The mid-November index of prices received by farmers 
was 94 percent of pre-war, compared with 95 in mid-October, 
and with 107 in November of last year. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



301 



Western Livestock and Range Report, December 1, 1938 

(17 Western States) 

Western ranges are in good condition except in the Southern 
Great Plains region and Arizona, where near-drought conditions 
prevail. Cattle and sheep are generally in good condition, 
although rather low temperatures, with considerable snow, in 
November caused shrinkage in some areas. Supplemental feeds 
are plentiful in practically all States. Conditions as a whole are 
favorable for the livestock industry in the Western States. 

Ranges in the Western States are in good condition except in 
the States of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and Arizona, and local 
areas in the Northern Great Plains, where continued shortage of 
moisture has restricted the growth of feed. Ample supplies of 
roughage and other feed are available in practically all States. 
Ranges in the Northern Great Plains area of the Dakotas, Mon- 
tana, and Wyoming, with local exceptions, are in good condition, 
and are furnishing the great bulk of feed needs, except where 
November snowfall was heavy. Prospects for winter grain pas- 
tures in Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Texas are generally 
poor, due to lack of moisture and cold weather. Range feed in 
these States, except Texas, is fairly good. Texas ranges are very 
dry and badly in need of rain to start new feed. Ranges are 
good in Nebraska and Colorado and feed supplies are ample. 
Washington and Oregon have an abundance of dry grass on 
ranges and new grass made a good start during the early part of 
November. Large supplies of winter feeds are available in these 
States. Idaho ranges are generally in good condition, and 
winter feeds are ample. Ranges in Utah and Nevada are mostly 
in good condition, with a well developed feed growth and plenty 
of stock water permits stock to graze over most of the winter 
range area. Drought conditions continue in Arizona, grass is 
dry, browse is beginning to harden and water supplies are get- 
ting low. In California, supplies of old pasturage, hay, grain 
and roughage feeds are adequate, but the quality of range and 
field feeds is declining. Cool weather has retarded the growth 
of new grass. The condition of ranges on December 1 was 79 
percent, compared with 81 percent a month earlier, and the 
10-year (1928-37) average of 76 percent. 

Cattle held up well during November and are generally in 
good condition. Some shrinkage due to cold weather was re- 
ported from Wyoming, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, and Ari- 
zona, but the bulk of the cattle in these States are still in strong 
condition. Supplemental feeds are generally plentiful in all 
producing areas. The present dry conditions in the Southern 
Great Plains region may necessitate heavy winter feeding in this 
section. Demand for cattle and calves has been good, and prices 
have strengthened. There is some tendency to restock in the 
Northern Great Plains and Pacific Coast regions. The move- 
ment of Texas cattle from all areas to feed lots and to markets 
has been heavy during the past 30 days. The reported con- 
dition of cattle and calves on December 1 was 84 percent of 
normal. This compares with 86 percent a month earlier and 83 
percent, the 10-year (1928-37) average. 

The condition of sheep was well maintained during November. 
Breeding flocks generally are entering the winter in good, strong 
condition. Demand for feeder lambs has continued to improve, 
and prices have advanced. An unusually large number of ewe 
lambs has been kept for replacements. 



Wool: Monthly Average Prices at Boston 

November 1938, Compared With Corresponding Month, 1937 

[In cents per pound] 



Classification 



Fine: 

Combing (staple) 1 

French Combing.. 

Clothing 

H Blood: 

Combing (staple). 

French Combing.. 

Clothing 

% Blood: 

Combing 

Clothing 

M Blood: Combing 

Low H Blood. 

Common and Braid—. 



Scoured basis 



Territory 



1938 



72.8 
69.2 
64.0 

68.5 
65.4 
62.4 

61.4 
55.0 
56.4 
55.0 
53.0 



1937 



85.9 
81.0 
75.4 

81.5 
76.9 
73.0 

72.0 
67.9 
66.0 
60.6 
58.2 



Semi- 
bright 
fleece 



1938 



71.0 



66.2 
65.2 



54.5 
51.5 



Bright fleece 



1938 



73.9 

"ore" 

65.5 



60. 



56.4 
53.0 
51.0 



1937 



85.4 
~78.~2' 
79.1 



60.9 
59.0 
57.0 



Grease basis 



Bright fleece 



1938 



30.0 
~25.~6" 
30.0 



32.8 



31.9 
30.5 
29.5 



1937 



29.5 
35.8 



35.2 



34.2 
33.8 
32.8 



1 Delaine in grease wool. 



Livestock-Meats- Wool 

Weights and Prices of Stocker and Feeder Steers at Chicago, 
Kansas City, and South St. Paul 

November 1938, With Comparisons 





Number of head 


Percent of total 

by weight 

ranges 


Average weight 


Average price 
per 100 pounds 










oo 




r~ 


00 




„ 


OO 




f. 


Weight 


CO 
OS 


00 


CO 

en 


CO 

OS 


oo 


CO 
OS 


CO 
OS 


CO 


CO 
OS 


CO 

os 


OO 


os 


range 


u 


CO 


^ 


u 






^ 




!_, 


^ 




u, 










co 




CD 
















.O 




.o 


£> 




£! 


£> 




£1 


£> 




£l 







OS 
£l 


a 


a 




H 


ti 


£1 


a 


ti 


£1 


fcj 




> 




> 


> 




> 


> 




> 


> 




> 








o 


o 




o 
















Z 


O 


z 


■z, 


O 


% 


z 


O 


2 


z 


o 


'A 


CHICAGO ' 














Lb. 


Lb. 


Lb. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


Dol. 


1,001 lb. up.. 


945 


714 


311 


7.4 


3.3 


1.6 


1,104 


1,083 


1,051 


7.93 


8.43 


7.96 


901-1,000 lb.. 


1,116 


1,547 


1, 025 


8.7 


7.3 


5.2 


943 


945 


936 


7. 79 


V. 5H 


7.24 


801-900 lb.... 


1,501 


3.884 


2,089 


11.8 


18.3 


10.5 


849 


848 


838 


7.73 


7. 66 


7.48 


701-800 lb.... 


3, 299 


5.863 


4,483 


25.8 


27.6 


22.5 


741 


748 


747 


7. 99 


7. 73 


7.30 


501-700 lb..__ 


5.923 


9,260 


11,971 


46.3 


43.5 


60 2 


616 


624 


612 


7. 9* 


8.01 


7.32 


Total. 


12, 784 


21,268 


19. 879 


100. 


100.0 


100.0 


740 


738 


690 


7.92 


7 SI 


7.35 


KANSAS CITY 


























1,0011b. up.. 


1,193 


2,944 


278 


4.4 


6.1 


0.8 


1.042 


1,062 


1,081 


8.18 


7.93 


8.37 


901-1,000 lb.. 


2,700 


4,704 


943 


10.1 


9.8 


2.7 


932 


936 


928 


7. 90 


7.26 


7.54 


801-900 lb.... 


3, 565 


6,774 


4,081 


13.3 


14.1 


11.8 


841 


850 


835 


'..59 


7.26 


7.27 


701-800 lb.... 


6,623 


11,556 


9, 596 


24.6 


24. 


27. S 


752 


737 


754 


7.72 


7.44 


7.14 


501-700 lb... . 


12,796 


22, 157 


19 625 


47.6 


46.0 


56.9 


615 


609 


611 


7.77 


7.55 


7.05 


Total.. 


26, 877 


48, 135 


34, 523 


100.0 


100. 


100.0 


730 


733 


690 


7.77 


7.47 


7. 14 


SOUTH ST. 


























PAUL 


























1,001 lb. up.. 


708 


379 


81 


8.8 


2.8 


1.3 


1,073 


1,047 


1,005 


7.88 


7.15 


8.45 


901-1,000 lb.. 


1, 750 


1,504 


228 


21.8 


11.0 


3.6 


936 


938 


935 


7. 47 


7.13 


7.52 


801-900 lb.... 


1,400 


2,102 


748 


17.3 


15.3 


12. 


848 


843 


852 


7.45 


6.85 


6.74 




1,956 


4,304 


1,693 


24.2 


31.4 


27. 2 


747 


744 


744 


7. 26 


7.14 


6.90 


501-700 lb.... 


2,253 


5,418 


3,483 


27.9 


39.5 


55.9 


026 


625 


598 


7 '.'1 


7 06 


6.62 


Total.. 


8.073 


13, 707 


6, 233 


100. 


100.0 


100.0 


800 


742 


686 


7. 12 


7.06 


6.80 



' Practically no sales from Nov. 21 to Dec. 3, 1938, on account of strike. 



Beef Steers Sold Out of First Hands at Chicago for Slaughter 

November 1938, With Comparisons 





Number of head 


Percent of total 
by grades 


Average weight 


Average price 
per lOo pounds 


Grade 


00 
CO 
CD 

> 

o 


00 
CO 

os 

O 


CO 

en 

> 

o 

2 


00 

CO 
Os 

> 

o 


00 
CO 
OS 

o 

o 


CO 

en 

>" 

o 

% 


oo 

CO 
OS 

> 
O 


OO 
CO 

en 

»-, 

o 

O 


CO 
OS 

> 

o 


00 
CO 
OS 

> 

o 


OO 
CO 
OS 

cs 

o 


CO 

OS 

> 

o 


Choice and 

Prime 

Good 

Medium 
Common 


11,471 

31,014 

10, 559 

1,398 


21, 847 

40, 940 

9, 969 

1.538 


5,384 
28, 718 
15, 656 

7,247 


21.1 

56.9 
19.4 
2.6 


29.4 
55.1 
13.4 
2.1 


9.4 
50.4 
27.5 
12.7 


Lb. 

1,119 

1,048 

979 

892 


Lb. 

1,116 

1, 025 

946 

830 


Lb. 

1,109 

1, C75 

994 

873 


Dol. 

11.83 
9.99 
8.30 
6.96 


Dol. 

11.93 
10.01 
8. 10 
6.57 


Dol. 
15.63 
11,42 
8.67 
7.05 


Total 


54, 442 


74, 294 


57, 005 


100.0 


100. 


100. 


1,046 


1,037 


1, 030 


10.03 


10.33 


10.65 



' Practically no sales from Nov. 21 to Dec. 3, 1938 on account of strike. 



Animals Slaughtered Under Federal Meat Inspection, November 

1938 



Station 


Cattle 


Calves 


Sheep and 
lambs 


Swine 




10, 106 
116,078 
12, 498 
57, 196 
38, 937 
65, 630 
56, 433 
20, 766 
59, 273 
421,270 


1,595 
25, 225 

1,576 
27, 072 
63,315 

7,449 
36, 682 

1,718 

52, 045 

240, 622 


1,633 

188, 365 
25, 077 
75, 877 

278, 928 

69, 593 

70, 925 
53, 653 

105, 686 
583, 229 


52, 998 




486, 372 




18,411 




127,092 


New York a 


208, 610 




131,951 


St. Louis 3 ... 


277, 085 




94, 412 


South St. Paul * 


322, 886 




2, 193, 472 






Total: . 
November 1938 


858, 187 
855, 835 

9, 018, 470 

9, 210, 109 


457, 299 
467, 994 

5, 074, 392 

5, 829, 210 


1,452,966 
1, 321, 269 

16, 712, 714 

15, 867, 333 


3, 913, 289 


November 1937.. 


3, 294, 747 


11 months ended November 
1938 


31,840,331 


11 months ended November 
1937 


27, 683. 684 



Slaughter: 

November 1938 

November 1937 

11 months ended November 1938. 
11 months ended November 1937. 



Horses 
. 3, 158 
. 1, 885 
. 21,245 
. 12,441 



Goa's 
340 
1,335 
5,612 
7,932 



i Includes Elburn, 111. 

2 Includes Jersey City and Newark, N. J. 

3 Includes National Stock Yards and East St. Louis, 111. 
* Includes Newport and St. Paul, Minn. 



302 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Receipts and Disposition of Livestock at Public Stockyards for November 

(67 markets] 



Market 



Atlanta, Ga 

Baltimore, Md 

Birmingham, Ala. 

Boston, Mass 

Buffalo, N. Y 



Bushnell, 111 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chevenne, Wyo 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio... 



Cleveland, Ohio... 

Dayton, Ohio 

Denver, Colo 

Detroit. Mich 

East St. Louis, 111. 



El Paso, Tex_ 

Evansville, Ind 

Fort Wayne, Ind.. 
Fort Worth, Tex.. 
Houston, Tex 

Indianapolis, Ind.. 
Jacksonville, Fla... 
Jersey City, N. J.. 

Joplin, Mo 

Kansas City, Mo.. 

Knoxville, Tenn... 

LaFayette, Ind 

Lancaster. Pa 

Laredo, Tex 

Los Angeles, Calif. 

Louisville, Ky 

Memphis, Tenn... 
Milwaukee, Wis... 
Montgomery, Ala. 
Muncie, Ind 



Nashville. Tenn... 

Newark, N. J ._ 

New Orleans, La ._ 

New York, N. Y 

North Salt Lake, Utah.. 

Ogden, Utah 

Oklahoma City, Okla... 

Omaha, Nebr _ 

Parsons, Kans 

Pasco, Wash 

Peoria. Ill 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Portland, Oreg 

Pueblo, Colo 

Richmond. Va ._ 

St. Joseph, Mo 

St Louis, Mo 

San Antonio, Tex 

Seattle, Wash 



Sioux City, Iowa 

Sioux Falls, S. Dak 

So. St. Paul, Minn 

So. San Francisco, Calif. 
Spokane, Wash 

Springfield, 111 

Springfield, Mo 

Stockton, Calif 

Toledo, Ohio... 

Tulsa, Okla 



West Fargo, N. Dak 

Wichita, Kans 

Discontinued markets.. . 

Total 

Increase or decrease 

Percentage 

Total for 11 months end 

ed with November 

Increase or decrease 

Percentage 



November average 5 
years, 1933-37.. 

Increase or decrease 

Percentage ... 

Drive-ins 

Percentage of total re- 
ceipts 



Cattle 'excluding calves) 



Receipts 



1938 



1,044 

14, 460 

495 

5,002 
17, 334 

674 

3,062 

2,764 

135, 623 

17, 964 



1,910 
88, 320 
14,939 
78, 034 

26, 829 
6,814 
1.376 

67, 097 
6,276 

33, 946 

810 

20,217 

4,007 

116, 600 

4,603 
255 

23, 772 

884 

28, 289 

12, 959 

13, 364 
23, 109 

9,338 
1,043 

9,204 

2,574 
5, 204 
1,299 
8,047 

13, 340 

36,' 

114.434 

3, 302 

52 

7,412 
2, 973 
25, 305 
10,515 
3,713 

1,923 
28, 040 

1, 853 
15,412 

3,411 

58, 290 
14,363 
79,816 
7,510 
5,262 

413 
4, 
2,917 
2,997 
3,997 

10, 247 
24, 020 



1,299,634 

-166,151 

-11.3 



13,081,105 

-940, 439 

-6.7 



1,453,274 

-153,640 

-10.6 



703, 965 
54.2 



1937 



1,227 

12, 745 

933 

5,017 

12, 831 

427 

3,231 

3,720 

196, 089 

20, 693 

7,: 

2, 030 
99, 605 
17, 147 
78, 553 

14, 565 
4,246 
1,159 

83, 820 
6,287 

24,194 
655 

15, 880 
3,112 

151, 745 

3,461 
131 

23, 906 
606 

45, 020 

11,241 
11,613 
20, 4«3 
9, 66S 
782 

9,' 
1,636 
5, 548 
190 
6,746 

13, 991 
39, 768 

143, 665 

2, 486 

260 

\ 398 

2,948 
27,119 
13,017 

4,428 

2,358 

33, 825 

1.840 

14, 975 
2,332 

71,489 

16, 280 

84, 247 
8, 425 
6,555 

302 
4,731 
3,939 
1,744 
3,960 

8,528 

26, 034 

1,373 



1,465,785 



14,021,544 



9,417 
45.7 



Local slaughter 



1938 



995 
8,830 

(') 
10, 138 

66 
2,237 



88, 656 

14, 841 

6,711 

1,766 
17. 549 
12, 830 
44, 285 

1,873 
4,370 
1, 376 
32, 395 
3,714 

13, 318 

630 

20, 217 

1,157 

51, 358 

2,327 

96 

616 

40 

23, 638 

7.294 
11,028 

15, 718 
5,503 

868 

5,480 
2, 405 
1, 509 
1,299 
1,219 

1, 25, 

20, 832 

59, 403 

173 



3,617 
2, 857 

8, 675 
7,74! 

243 

1,700 

20, 145 

1,668 

9, 501 
3,312 

23, 147 
4,716 

45, 666 
5,623 
3,760 

155 



656 
1,210 

221 
11 222 



657, 218 

-98, 589 

-13.0 



7,363,, 

-446,970 

-5.7 



799. 100 

-141,882 

-17.8 



1937 



1,145 
8,595 
838 
(') 
9,931 

65 
2,781 



127, 351 

16, 228 

7,328 
1,710 
22, 270 
14,172 
40, 103 

1,364 
4,043 
1,159 
47, 334 
1,600 

13, 060 

658 

15, 824 

1,414 

59, 641 

2,222 

35 

887 

10 

32,041 

6,310 
11,2" 

17, 798 
5, 859 

680 

5,982 
1,492 
1, 963 
190 
1,197 

1,385 

25, 789 

69, 403 

768 



3,500 
2,839 
7,801 
8,44 
54 

2,237 
23, 297 
1,616 
6, 866 
2.262 

26, 408 
5,290 

52, 126 

5. 862 

4,074 

169 

1,106 



705 
2,109 

138 
13, 934 
1,066 



7,810,558 



Stocker and 
feeder ship- 
ments 



1938 



1,742 



(') 



281 



443 
825 



19, 502 
1,391 



101 



53, 595 
2,059 
12, 291 

23, 904 
763 



13, 592 
612 

3,743 



1,102 
63, 384 

2,276 

12 

12, 885 

56 

6,912 

7,272 

1,564 

417 

2,268 



2,074 
92 



1,000 

6,785 

1, 866 

39, 054 

1, 354 



816 



278 
920 

151 

5. 585 

117 

784 



21,628 

4,077 

18, 823 

178 

1,754 

106 

1,216 

960 

2,015 

713 

3,183 
13, 479 



362, 868 

-8, 639 

— 2.3 



2,712,041 

+7, 935 

+0.3 



333, 431 

+29, 437 

+8.8 



1937 



1,314 



W 



427 



250 
450 



26, 737 
943 



487 



36, 922 
2,616 
7,315 

12, 554 
262 



19,540 



4,151 
14 



719 
68, 990 

1,239 

15 

14,944 

15' 

11,203 

4,599 
739 
627 

1, 683 



2, 573 

81 

1, 375 



1,000 

4,984 

9, 085 

49, 074 

1,074 



591 



987 
384 

93 

6,512 

116 

3,325 



31.899 

2, 652 

16, 892 

778 

2,013 

32 

820 

913 

1.088 

619 

1,807 

8.590 

223 



371,507 



2,704,106 



Total shipments 



193H 



5,630 



(') 
8,101 

592 
825 

2,764 
46, 967 

3,123 



144 

84, 382 

2,109 

32, 210 

24, 956 
2,407 



22, 460 
2,503 

20, 363 
126 



2,850 
78, 036 

2,276 

149 

23, 156 

840 

6,912 

5, 665 
5, 574 
7,384 
3,585 
144 

3,724 

92 

3,832 



6,828 

12,443 

16, 333 

55, 031 

3,129 

52 

3.273 

116 
16, 630 
2, 736 
2,825 

223 
8.511 

117 

5,843 

99 

35,143 
9,396 

32, 403 
1,948 
1,969 

243 
4,008 
3,044 
2,391 
2,787 

9,910 
14,813 



656,313 

-44, 589 

-6.4 



5. 580,943 

-437, 619 

-7.3 



652. 690 

+3, 623 

+0.6 



104 
4,150 

112 
0) 
3,560 

362 
450 

3,720 
68, 738 

4,465 

570 
320 

76, 866 
2,975 

38, 551 

13, 201 
262 



22, 351 
4,693 

11, 705 

212 

56 

l,i 

103, 436 

1,239 

92 

23,019 

596 

14, 203 

4,931 

1,589 
2,749 
3, 330 

99 
3,946 

81 
3,746 



5, 535 

12, 378 

13, 252 
74, 262 

1,718 
204 

2.815 

109 

19,318 

4,575 

4,374 
121 

9,674 
176 

8,334 
70 

45. 081 

10. 788 

32, 021 

2.538 

2,262 

109 
3, 625 
3,762 
1,088 
1,845 
8,392 
9,987 

312 



700,902 



6,018,562 



Calves 



Receipts 



1938 



366 
2,770 

115 
7,109 
5, 023 

132 



23, 676 
6,034 

7,528 

720 

14, 847 

9,725 
48, 804 

8,148 

2,' 

519 
53, 226 
21, 986 

11, 547 

226 

41, 657 

2,613 

38, 019 

2,235 
602 

3, 697 

943 

10, 382 

7,303 

6.029 

35, 572 

6, 445 

531 

1,729 

1,270 

11,902 

10, 051 

381 

1,536 
13,177 
14, 425 

2,147 
3 

3,904 
4,312 
23, 693 
1,547 
1,189 

1, 145 

5,162 

1,294 

32, 594 

500 

8,021 

1,115 

46, 369 

570 

926 

590 

4,511 

841 

348 

5,575 

1,155 

7, 



600, 481 

-65, 869 

-9.9 



5, 092, 45 

-678, 995 

-10.0 



588. 061 

+12. 420 

+2.1 



332, 913 
55.4 



1937 



4,061 

464 

6,450 

17, 890 

161 



30, 794 
10, 183 

8,457 
788 
14,324 
11.050 
56, 888 

9,664 

2, 

628 

60, 848 

10, 121 

12, 123 

61 

44, 529 

2,307 

43, 958 

1,613 

565 

3,687 

198 

19, 043 

6,803 

6,837 

31, 149 

7,169 

652 

2,601 
999 

18, 424 

10, 869 

414 

889 

15,541 

27, 228 

1,786 

1 

4,427 

1, 005 

31, 809 
1,983 
1,126 

1,065 

6,624 

974 

29, 159 

1,423 

9,279 

1,757 

42. 258 

966 

3, 108 

598 

4,273 

895 

426 

5,066 

1,080 
8,854 



fiWi, 350 



46,771,44 



326, 865 
49.1 



Local slaughter 



1938 



2,622 
115 
(') 
4,682 

52 



20, 164 
5,859 

7,388 
601 
2,683 
7,598 
18,060 

712 
1,934 



20, 984 
6,179 

4,635 

201 

41, 657 

36 

13, 500 

2,235 

17 

606 

19 

7,733 

2,213 

2,082 

35, 558 

3,753 

304 

1, 550 
1,248 
8.380 
10,051 
381 

74 
9,280 
7,669 

18 



2,625 
4,237 
5,828 
1, 469 



1, 145 
3,151 
1,294 
7,730 
492 

393 

52 

43, 849 

548 

600 

479 
836 



348 
129 

11 
3,658 



331,707 

-58, 150 

-14.9 



93, 730, 87 

-718,011 

-16.1 



377, 168 

-45,461 

-12.1 



3,497 

181 

0) 

5, 

39 



24, 622 
6,862 



8,342 

763 

4,409 

9,417 

39, 382 

408 
2,560 



29, 056 
2,159 

4,521 
47 

44, 512 
57 

19, 834 

1,613 

17 

266 

9 

10, 842 

2, 

3,924 

31, 140 

1,480 

226 

1,566 

999 

10, 630 

10, 869 

414 

99 

9,990 

16, 143 

38 



2,771 
3,258 
6,481 
1,478 



1, 056 
5,56 
975 
7. 80S 
1,423 

2,346 

159 

40, 067 

824 

534 

395 
860 



366 
311 

2 
4,127 



389,857 



34.448,884 



Stocker and 
feeder ship- 
ments 



1938 



184 



(') 



119 
11, 072 



378 

,898 
147 



31, 856 
3, 415 

180 



722 
15, 507 



143 
3,475 



Tun 



1,1 

1,015 

6,756 

833 



109 



1, is: 



?,047 



2, 556 



7,628 

741 

1,196 



19 

1,100 

35 



1,788 

392 

6.401 



110,325 

+20, 764 

+23.2 



593, 500 

+63, 955 

+12.1 



77, 233 

+33, 092 

+42.8 



1937 



(') 



79 



8,403 



7,549 
447 



Total shipments 



1938 



306 
148 



(') 
10, 384 



11, 260 



290 
1 



446 
13, 320 



189 
6,000 



331 

3, 526 

10, 043 

501 



233 



2,034 



1,048 



5,751 



5,764 

549 

1,624 



2,123 

3 

907 



60 
541 

127 
6,189 



89,561 



529, 545 



3,512 
175 

140 
119 

14, 345 
2,127 

29, 008 

7,436 

147 

619 

45, 079 

15, 785 

6,912 
28 



2,577 
17,271 



575 
3,091 

924 
3,475 

5,090 
85 
14 

2, 726 
224 

179 



4,238 



1,652 
4,171 
6,756 
2,129 
3 

1,276 

75 

17,865 

74 

1, 



2,048 



24, 928 

8 

7,6 

1,247 

3,497 

22 

411 

115 

3,675 

841 



1,409 
6,458 



270, 469 
-6, 874 
-2.5.. 



2, 328, 623 

-15,950 

-0.7 



216, 986 

+53. 483 

+24.6 



277, 343 



2,344,573 



i Disposition of stock not reported. 

Note.— This report represents the total livestock movements at the specified stockyards, including through shipments. Direct shipments to packers are included only 
when such shipments pass through the stockyards. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



303 



Receipts and Disposition of Livestock at Public Stockyards for November — Continued 

[67 markets] 





Hogs 


Sheep and lambs 


Market 


Receipts 


Local slaughter 


Stacker and 
feeder ship- 
ments 


Total shipments 


Receipts 


Local slaughter 


Stacker and 
feeder ship- 
ments 


Total shipments 




1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 




237 

36, 260 

436 

5,719 

23, 103 

9,360 

2,715 

18, 540 

389, 200 

83, 196 

24, 220 
8,438 

25, 327 
20. 209 

246, 378 

4,426 

16, 235 

8,435 

18, 908 

894 

198, 145 
3,110 

25, 101 
9,179 

32, 665 

3,175 
9,439 
10, 513 


491 
28,349 

238 
4,486 
22, 159 

5,236 

2,854 

8,872 

453,012 

82, 260 

26, 396 

6,744 

25, 070 

23, 765 

228, 476 

2,980 
15, 328 

6,415 

21, 541 

674 

177, 564 

2,073 

19, 622 

5,632 

35,849 

3,262 
9.698 
9,810 


240 
22, 776 

261 
(') 
9,944 

95 
2,715 


489 

16, 729 

189 

(') 

11,068 

115 
2,854 
































13, 484 
143 
0) 
13, 062 

9,202 


11,620 
54 
(') 
12, 508 

5,096 


17, 899 


19, 201 


7,730 


9,724 


335 




10, 169 


9,477 


Birmingham, Ala 


143 

73 
341 


54 

170 
193 




2,008 
77, 877 

1,083 

83 

3,639 

144, 782 

14, 128 

27, 645 
2,193 
180, 425 
55, 886 
77, 403 

6,) 26 

2,790 

2,986 

59,117 

161 

47, 796 

81 

136, 743 

1,965 

91, 905 

25 
4,013 
2,137 


1,600 
61, 308 

231 

28 

617 

180, 520 

26, 213 

29, 278 
2,017 
187,412 
56, 506 
66, S05 

1,443 

2,630 

2,610 

52, 308 

18 

35, 101 

4 

126, 546 

1,103 

71, 836 

62 
1,919 
3,859 


(0 

20, 090 

4 
83 


0) 
16, 956 

2 
28 


1,084 
99 


948 

52 


59, 243 
1,054 


(') 


Buffalo, N. Y __ 

Bushnell, 111 


45, 440 
226 


Chattanooga, Tenn... 

Cheyenne, Wyo 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio 








18, 540 
31, 480 
16, 752 

2,232 

4,623 

3,545 

1,039 

65, 468 

560 

333 

8,435 

1,206 

331 

101, 640 


8,872 
47, 544 
13, 947 

2,795 
2,290 
4,873 
3,258 
125, 659 

250 

157 

6,415 

3,213 

86, 303 

17 

210 

3,728 

7,458 






3,639 

22, 736 

1,779 

8,305 

1,456 

173, 130 

16,484 

22, 139 

6,914 

55 

2,986 

27,764 

54 

34, 002 


617 


357, 720 
66, 444 

21, 988 
3,815 
20, 894 
19, 170 
180, 533 

3,866 
15,912 


405, 468 
68, 313 

23, 601 
4,454 

19, 791 

20, 507 
102, 401 

2,730 
15, 163 


54 
36 


305 
54 


122, 046 
12, 349 

19,240 
737 
27, 298 
39, 402 
55, 264 

212 
2,733 


138, 895 
23, 923 

20, 774 
573 
24, 356 
30, 661 
52, 251 

672 
2 , 630 


10, 483 
102 

250 


10, 721 
160 

1,128 


41, 625 
2,290 

8,504 


Dayton, Ohio 

Denver, Colo .. 

Detroit, Mich.. 

East St. Louis, IU 

El Paso. Tex 






1,444 


162 
528 
938 

299 
333 


83 
491 

894 

250 
157 


146, 505 
3,283 
1,935 

5,649 

55 


158, 827 
5,112 

771 


190, 887 
25, 845 
13, 299 

771 


Fort Wayne, Ind 
Fort Worth. Tex 


2,610 


17, 702 
547 

96, 588 
2,887 

24, 422 
2,196 

26, 909 

3,175 

487 

1,755 


18, 268 
674 

91, 101 

2,466 
19,412 

1,904 
27, 857 

3,262 

504 

1,165 


473 

895 


549 

505 
15 


34, 031 
97 

13, 794 

79 

136, 331 

17 

76, 372 

25 

6 

178 


23, 103 

18 

12, 142 


22, 618 


20, 044 


28,807 


Indianapolis, Ind 


418 


867 


22, 959 


Jersey City, N. J 


679 
6,983 
5,408 


126, 444 

5 

55, 002 

52 
15 
155 






412 

1,948 

16,020 


102 


Joplin, Mo 


3,692 
2,368 


1,501 
1, 853 


411 
11, 167 


278 
11, 642 


1,098 


Kansas City, Mo 

TTnoYville, Tenn 


16, 987 


Lafayette, Ind 

Lancaster, Pa 


12 


2 


8,969 
8,758 


9,233 
8,645 


53 


21 


3,988 
1,959 


1,910 
3,704 














Los Angeles, Calif 

Louisville, Ky._ 

Memphis, Tenn 

Milwaukee, Wis 


8,578 

21, 094 

14, 718 
68, 324 

3,133 
11, 258 

7,142 
47, 149 

6,303 
97, 370 

44,859 

18, 380 

20, 189 

124,445 

6,498 

62 

75, 320 

41, 043 
48, 608 
22, 422 


7,979 

18, 190 

11, 764 

63, 288 

3,435 

9,637 

9,673 
44, 381 

4,740 
77, 956 

45, 615 

11, 489 

18, 797 

112, 779 

4,445 

694 

54, 491 

28, 613 

37, 601 

23, 958 

407 

16, 203 
69. 984 

6,968 
13. 476 

6,896 
78, 302 
20, 467 
200, 579 

15, 620 
4,716 

16, 394 
11,091 

2,482 
2,302 

5,770 

9,043 
14, 967 

8,019 


8,225 

14, 628 
8,535 

49, 094 
2,647 
5,633 

5,965 
47, 027 

4,095 
97, 370 

3,120 

5,680 

15, 750 
106,815 

102 


7,852 

11, 040 

8,236 
56. 669 
2,137 
5,836 
6,340 
43, 664 
3,578 
77, 956 

2,978 

4,507 

18, 018 

90. 014 

279 


226 

52 

3,658 

165 

226 


151 

41 

2,233 

220 

322 


226 

6,466 
4,872 
19, 230 
417 
5,623 

1,177 


151 

7,150 
2,416 
6,621 
1,055 
3,577 

3,333 


6,661 

5,070 

90 

18, 007 

52 

2,327 

872 

9,605 

67 

50, 359 

56,915 

58. 108 
17, 704 
93, 397 

1,384 
417 

29, 249 
16,525 

63. 109 
23, 527 
81, 894 

304 
60, 000 
3,619 
2,658 
6,745 

61, 429 
35, 087 
181, 780 
22, 469 
1,711 

257 
4,056 
7,960 
3,763 

926 

35, 903 
20, 247 


4,678 

5,289 

63 

14, 031 


7,462 

1,015 
76 

6,873 
26 
152 

872 

9,635 

13 

50, 359 

2,126 

3, 763 

11,594 

67, 060 

6 


5,202 

1,075 

18 

7,063 


166 

238 

499 


5 

696 
32 
396 


166 
4, 055 

11, 134 


5 

4,214 

65 

6,992 


Muncie, Ind 


2,147 

1,031 

10, 108 

30 

28, 624 

56, 357 

58, 199 

10, 708 

80, 580 

1,218 


122 

792 

10, 251 

25 

28, 624 

869 

5,571 

5,901 

57, 839 






2,154 


2,025 


Nashville, Tenn 










239 


Newark, N. J 
















970 


391 


1,801 


758 


18 




18 




New York, N. Y 




North Salt Lake, 
Utah 


300 
6 

538 
538 


200 

260 
525 
763 
682 


41, 706 

12, 578 
10, 417 
17, 630 
6,396 
62 

57, 625 


42,310 

6,447 

736 

22, 765 

4, 166 
694 

53, 830 

711 

2,323 

10, 6»6 

407 

34 

4,142 

1,894 

6,758 

234 

15, 333 
4,843 

35, 069 
2,366 
1,149 

15, 457 
8,480 
2,481 
1, 157 
2,285 

9,231 
1,002 

2,522 


5,000 

9,185 

1,005 

20, 058 

78 


3,000 

2,033 

4,599 

17, 416 

48 


51, 255 

49, 623 
6,152 

26, 337 
1,378 

417 

28, 484 
3,132 
51, 151 
11,954 
81, 832 


53, 590 


Ogden, Utah... 


50, 936 


Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Omaha, Nebr 

Parsons, Kans 


5,086 

22, 741 

1,218 


Pasco, Wash 






Peoria, 111 


17, 334 
41,043 
43, 352 
17, 641 


797 
27, 902 
35, 278 
13, 282 


368 


314 


17, 707 
15, 379 
68, 254 
15, 035 
50, 615 

466 

48,016 

5,662 

2, 660 

5,780 

51,069 
28, 386 
193, 117 
28, 491 
3,222 

193 

2,079 

2,913 

441 

232 

21, 137 
9,921 


493 

13, 393 

11,958 

11, 548 

62 

304 
49, 257 
3,458 

808 
6,745 

39, 674 

6,185 

95, 857 

18, 276 

901 

43 


515 

12, 416 

10,916 

8,651 

62 

466 

42, 427 

808 

1,141 

5,780 

39, 857 

9,757 

102, 706 

19, 581 

1,019 

29 


466 


285 


17, 312 


Philadelphia, Pa 


2,963 


Pittsburgh, Pa _ 






5,256 
4, 781 






57, 338 


Portland, Oreg _ 

Pueblo, Colo 


636 


608 


1,227 
77, 327 


409 
42, 002 


6,408 
50, 553 


Richmond, Va - 


13, 251 

66, 121 

7,981 

9,512 

7,485 

105, 654 
36, 012 

327, 093 
20, 462 

5,885 

20, 813 
13,317 
2,597 
2,155 
6,709 

19, 422 
16,282 


13, 165 

61, 626 
7,842 
7,839 
7,201 

84, 746 

14, 533 

263, 168 

18, 793 

4,391 

754 
3,612 


16, 169 
65. 472 
4,997 
6,837 
6,662 

62, 969 

15, 553 

166, 150 

13, 246 

3,491 

743 
2,610 


86 
927 

90 
804 
284 

3,463 

45 
5,080 


34 
870 

58 
420 
234 

4,844 

21 

4,062 


86 
4,184 

90 

1, 665 

284 

20, 908 
21,443 
61, 823 
1,657 
2,098 

19, 697 
9,705 
2,605 
783 
3,483 

18, 506 
2,692 




St. Joseph, Mo 

St. Louis, Mo 

San Antonio, Tex 

Seattle, Wash 


9,970 

205 

1,789 


5, 572 
234 
729 


10, 677 

205 

1,789 


5,572 
4,792 
1,454 


Sioux City, Iowa 

Sioux Falls, S. Dak... 
So. St. Paul, Minn... 
So. San Francisco 


12, 696 
4,439 

46, 235 
830 
937 

65 
120 
53 


10, 651 

4,492 

34, 205 

613 

2,080 

49 

240 

411 


21, 755 

30, 188 

90, 809 

3,792 

937 

198 
4,056 
7, 952 
3,505 

913 

36, 335 
10, 692 


11, 212 

18, 297 

93, 054 

8,910 


Spokane, Wash 

Springfield, 111 

Springfield, Mo 


402 

320 

793 

16 

23 

1,177 

233 
839 


493 

408 
1,376 

695 

864 
505 

765 


2,224 

157 
2,079 


Stockton, Calif 






3,334 


Toledo, Ohio 


1,332 
3,226 

81 
13, 598 


1,073 
3,484 

47 
13, 746 

5,416 


258 
13 

15 
8,115 


244 
9 

2 
4,185 


197 


Tulsa, Okla 


272 

6,952 
10, 678 


73 

3,332 

7, 756 


223 


West Fargo, N. Dak . 

Wichita, Kans 

Discontinued mar- 
kets 


31, 326 

7,757 


























Total 


2, 607, 209 

+284, 542 

+12.3 


2, 322, 667 


1, 903, 004 

+237, 491 

+14.3 


1, 665, 513 


32, 612 
+3, 177 
+10.8 


29, 435 


690, 844 

+42, 126 

+6.5 


648, 718 


1, 945, 049 

+159, 886 

+9.0 


1, 785, 163 


995, 513 

+73, 209 

+7.9 


922, 304 


414, 962 

+63, 133 

+17.9 


351,829 


968, 288 

+77, 423 

+8.7 


890 865 


Increase or decrease. . 




Percentage.. 
























Total for 11 months 
ended with Novem- 
ber -. 


22, 231, 329 

+2,153,269 

+10.7 


20,078,060 


15, 926, 690 

+ 1,757,144 

+ 12.4 


14,169,546 


378, 905 

+23, 022 

+6.5 


355, 883 


6, 229, 822 

+383, 405 

+6.6 


5,846,417 


24,046,041 

+709, 965 

+3.0 


23,336,076 


12,127,800 

+794, 350 

+7.0 


11,333,450 


3,211,899 

+21, 793 

+0.7 


3,190,106 


11,884,691 

-83, 465 

-0.7 


11,968,156 


Increase or decrease.. 


Percentage 
























November average, 5 
years, 1933-37 


2, 713, 470 

-106,261 

-3.9 




1,953,613 

-50,609 

-2.6 




34, 993 

-2,381 

-6.8 




756, 795 

-65,951 

-8.7 




1, 912, 787 

+32, 262 

+1.7 




1,001,022 

-5, 509 

-0.6 




359, 500 

+ 55,462 

+15.4 




929, 103 

+39, 185 

+4.2 




Increase or decrease. . 












Percentage 
























Drive-ins 


1, 621, 392 
62.2 


1, 484, 633 
63.9 














796, 953 
41.0 


655, 251 
36.7 












Percentage of total re- 
ceipts 























































1 Disposition of stock not reported. 

Note. — This report represents the total livestock movements at the specified stockyards, including through shipments. Direct shipments to packers are included only 
when such shipments pass through the stockyards. 



304 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Receipts and Disposition of livestock at Public Stockyards 

November 1938, With Comparisons 
[Thousands, i. e., 000 omitted] 





Receipts 


Local slaughter 


Stocker and 
feeder 


Total shipments 


Class 






t< 






u 






t, 






i-, 


and 


























year 


> 

o 


o 


03 0> 
*>> 


> 
o 


. © 


-2 03 
03 OJ 


> 

o 


o 


— 03 


> 

o 


o 






fc 


h> 


H 


55 


H* 


H 


£ 


H> 


Eh 


z 


Ha 


Eh 


Cattle 


























only: 


























1920. __ 


1, 978 


15, 776 


16, 860 


899 


7.765 


8,320 


540 


3,707 


3,981 


1,034 


7,804 


8,376 


1921 


1,447 


13, 274 


14, 310 


641 


6,784 


7,279 


449 


A, 096 


3,326 


821 


6.443 


6,997 


1922 


1,846 


15, 750 


17, 141 


779 


7,545 


8,247 


630 


4, 213 


4,544 


1,116 


8,040 


8,732 


1923... 


1, 650 


15, 632 


16, 999 


754 


7, 885 


8,591 


577 


3, 966 


4, 304 


940 


7,543 


8,189 


1924... 


1,796 


15, 645 


17, 173 


886 


8,175 


9,052 


497 


3,482 


3 770 


908 


7,261 


7,896 


1925... 


1,717 


15, 647 


17,117 


844 


8,461 


9,303 


449 


3, 285 


3,593 


835 


6,900 


7,534 


1926. - 


1, 836 


15, 707 


17, 034 


902 


8,758 


9,528 


521 


3, 183 


3 456 


898 


6,722 


7,290 


1927-.. 


1, 749 


15, 041 


16, 258 


849 


8,247 


8,899 


548 


3,024 


3,303 


929 


6,545 


7,108 


1928.. _ 


1,419 


14,114 


15, 189 


693 


7,318 


7,925 


420 


3,344 


3, 562 


739 


6.590 


7,047 


1929.. _ 


1,405 


13, 233 


14, 337 


641 


7,079 


7,691 


459 


3,031 


3, 250 


785 


6,009 


6,492 


1930. _ , 


1,180 


12, 596 


13, 798 


532 


6,809 


7,464 


375 


2,591 


2,858 


650 


5,634 


6,176 


1931... 


1,312 


12, 496 


13, 486 


584 


6,665 


7,241 


384 


2, 402 


2, 609 


683 


5,711 


6,170 


1932. __ 


1,039 


11, 042 


11,831 


536 


6,201 


6, 646 


290 


2,034 


2,203 


537 


4,751 


5,114 


1933. ._ 


1,203 


11,445 


12, 347 


664 


6,801 


7, 359 


310 


1, 995 


2,124 


560 


4,549 


4,893 


1934'.. 


1,598 


18, 401 


19, 679 


966 


10, 217 


11,057 


259 


3, 040 


3,176 


648 


8,014 


8,435 


1935'.. 


1, 459 


13,714 


14, 986 


757 


7,711 


8,473 


375 


2, 6S5 


2,891 


699 


5,790 


6,266 


1936___ 


1,541 


14, 451 


15,711 


853 


8,579 


9,352 


352 


2,418 


2, 639 


655 


5,684 


6,188 


1937..- 


1,466 


14, 022 


15, 135 


756 


7,811 


8,478 


372 


2, 704 


2,893 


701 


6, 019 


6,468 


1938 _._ 


1, 300 


13, 081 




657 


7,364 




363 


2, 712 




656 


5,581 




Calves 


























only: 


























1920--. 


450 


5,026 


5,337 


309 


3,645 


3,875 


12 


115 


121 


132 


1,373 


1,455 


1921... 


481 


5,096 


5,477 


294 


3,552 


3,799 


48 


162 


178 


176 


1,475 


1,604 


1922-- 


581 


5,644 


6,077 


359 


3,893 


4,189 


SO 


294 


320 


229 


1,779 


1.933 


1923..- 


532 


5,769 


6,212 


352 


4,131 


4,443 


47 


234 


249 


191 


. 1, 727 


1,869 


1924. ._ 


567 


5, 967 


6,523 


3S2 


4,410 


4,798 


51 


187 


208 


187 


1,613 


1,795 


1925--. 


565 


6,364 


6,950 


;sss 


4,753 


5,159 


46 


205 


230 


183 


1,705 


1,904 


1926... 


625 


6, 318 


6,837 


424 


4,450 


4,822 


49 


22S 


256 


215 


1,942 


2,113 


1927... 


598 


6,032 


6,505 


391 


4,231 


4, 560 


67 


265 


306 


227 


1,898 


2,064 


1928... 


544 


5,854 


6,289 


344 


4,082 


4,384 


76 


368 


403 


205 


1,821 


1,964 


1929--, 


538 


5,652 


6,103 


317 


3,904 


4,215 


97 


364 


401 


227 


1,765 


1,909 


1930-.. 


517 


5,834 


6,368 


292 


3,880 


4,241 


103 


504 


568 


223 


1,958 


2,142 


1931 


554 


5, 667 


6,129 


321 


3,824 


4,155 


103 


396 


435 


222 


1,808 


1,956 


1932 


504 


5,129 


5,501 


312 


3,483 


3,728 


81 


374 


416 


198 


1,602 


1,733 


1933 


496 


5,146 


5,587 


329 


3,521 


3,817 


71 


376 


423 


171 


1,600 


1,748 


1934'.. 


564 


7,572 


8,090 


390 


5,389 


5,769 


59 


460 


489 


186 


2,214 


2,359 


1935 '._ 


578 


6,081 


6,618 


383 


4,176 


4,558 


70 


466 


501 


211 


1,999 


2,171 


1936--. 


635 


6,318 


6,870 


394 


4,259 


4,631 


97 


513 


568 


239 


2,084 


2,275 


1937-.- 


666 


6,771 


7,286 


390 


4,449 


4,796 


90 


530 


578 


277 


2,345 


2,526 


1938-.- 
Hogs: 
1920..- 


600 


6,092 




332 


3,731 




110 


594 




270 


2,329 




3,872 


37, 921 


42, 121 


2, 465 


24, 080 


26, 761 


54 


691 


728 


1,400 


13, 774 


15,298 


1921... 


3,687 


37, 170 


41,101 


2,370 


24. 188 


28, 335 


33 


463 


499 


1,297 


12, 934 


14,709 


1922... 


4, 421 


39, 063 


44,068 


2,918 


25, 377 


28, 737 


55 


547 


593 


1, 501 


13,675 


15, 332 


1923-.. 


5.416 


49, 505 


55, 330 


3, 657 


32, 253 


36, 172 


70 


773 


820 


1,779 


17, 231 


19, 142 


1924- . . 


4, 904 


48, 810 


55, 414 


3, 132 


30, 852 


35, 188 


40 


458 


496 


1,760 


17,932 


20, 203 


1925. . . 


3,844 


39, 549 


43, 929 


2, 300 


24,890 


27, 665 


61 


455 


532 


1,524 


14,648 


16. 266 


1926. . . 


3,554 


35, 862 


39, 772 


2,219 


22, 140 


24, 582 


126 


812 


917 


1,317 


13,696 


15, 172 


1927-.. 


3, 666 


37, 202 


41,411 


2, 382 


23, 600 


26, 347 


113 


794 


888 


1,284 


13,560 


15,043 


1928-.. 


4,075 


41, 754 


46, 527 


2, 602 


26, 052 


29, 283 


62 


686 


735 


1,475 


15, 662 


17. 191 


1929... 


3, 933 


39, 840 


44,097 


2, 543 


25, 119 


27, 920 


52 


570 


623 


1,396 


14,705 


16. 154 


1930-.. 


3, 439 


36, 772 


40, 774 


2, 169 


22, 423 


24, 883 


37 


477 


517 


1, 269 


14,339 


15, 882 


1931... 


3, 752 


35, 328 


39, 538 


2,297 


21.733 


24, 539 


62 


493 


533 


1,427 


13, 547 


14,973 


1932-.. 


2, 775 


31,905 


35, 028 


1,881 


21.526 


23, 695 


26 


301 


321 


891 


10,344 


1 1, 303 


1933.-- 


3, 207 


37, 045 


» 40,377 


2,382 


28, 066 


! 30,472 


28 


37C 


398 


828 


8,931 


9,860 


1934... 


3,218 


30, 580 


33, 720 


2, 338 


21, 730 


23,919 


52 


516 


558 


881 


8,825 


9,778 


1935... 


1,671 


17,526 


19, 562 


1,149 


12,082 


13,509 


24 


298 


334 


526 


5,419 


6.025 


1936-.. 


3, 149 


23, 254 


26, 399 


2,234 


16. 074 


18, 291 


41 


550 


590 


900 


7,128 


8,062 


1937... 




20, 078 


22, 666 


1, 666 


14, 170 


16, 004 


29 


356 


382 


649 


5,846 


6,600 


1938 


2,607 


22, 231 




1,903 


15,927 




33 


379 




691 


6,230 




Sheep: 


























1920. . . 


2, 471 


21,971 


23, 538 


1,010 


10,090 


10, 981 


857 


4,921 


5, 180 


1,499 


11,853 


12,563 


1921--. 


2, 068 


22, 504 


24, 168 


988 


12,054 


12, 858 


511 


2, 892 


3, 095 


1,094 


10,452 


11,333 


1922... 


2,288 


20, 848 


22, 364 


881 


9,849 


10, 669 


757 


3,911 


4, 167 


1,465 


10.969 


11,677 


1923... 


1,816 


20, 499 


22, 025 


777 


9,435 


10, 271 


540 


4,324 


4,478 


1,094 


11.042 


11,730 


1924. .. 


1,879 


20, 596 


22, 201 


775 


9,545 


10, 399 


676 


4,471 


4,676 


1,154 


11,044 


1 1, 794 


1925... 


1,712 


20,493 


22, 100 


793 


9, 559 


10, 399 


475 


4,113 


1.332 


927 


10,939 


11,710 


1926... 


1,917 


22, 162 


23, 868 


932 


10, 454 


11,387 


493 


4,449 


4,673 


988 


1 1, 669 


12,449 


1927. . . 


1,896 


22, 330 


23, 939 


950 


10,564 


11,459 


497 


4,721 


4, 895 


988 


11,759 


12,482 


1928. .. 


2, 053 


23, 9SN 


25, 597 


1,016 


11,336 


12, 253 


544 


4,818 


5,011 


1,091 


12,631 


13,324 


1929... 


2, 168 


25, 165 


26, 868 


995 


11,885 


12, 852 


575 


5, 382 


5, 565 


1,207 


13, 263 


13,995 


1930. . . 


2, 607 


27,500 


29. 808 


1,079 


13.943 


15, 173 


761 


4,181 


4, 463 


1, 535 


13,525 


14,606 


1931 


2,811 


30, 841 


33,023 


1,281 


14, 624 


15, 929 


655 


5,105 


5, 287 


1,520 


16,077 


16, 996 


1932. . . 


2,203 


27, 650 


29, 306 


1,107 


14,182 


15, 100 


.501 


3,177 


3.373 


1, 145 


13,465 


14,214 


1933... 


2, 06-4 


25. 410 


27, 184 


1,068 


12,931 


13, 965 


462 


2, 865 


3. 008 


1,031 


12, 456 


13,196 


1934'.. 


1,833 


24, 596 


26, 138 


1,017 


12,513 


13,415 


283 


3,228 


3, 361 


819 


12,070 


12,715 


1935... 


1,732 


23, 979 


25, 567 


927 


11,961 


12, 927 


335 


2, 882 


2,994 


822 


12,007 


12, 626 


1936... 


2, 149 


22. 891 


24, 652 


1,071 


11,342 


12,423 


367 


2, 685 


2,795 


1,083 


11,514 


12,206 


1937 


1,785 


23, 336 


24, 979 


922 


11,333 


12, 322 


352 


3,190 


3,284 


891 


11,968 


12, 636 


1938. - . 


1,945 


24, 046 




996 


12,128 




415 


3,212 




968 


11,885 





' Includes animals purchased for Federal Surplus Relief Corporation from June 6, 
1934, to Feb. 7, 1935, for cattle and calves, and from Sept. 14 to Dec. 15, 1934, for sheep. 

2 Includes many pigs and sows received for Government account in Emergency 
Hog Production Control program from Aug. 22 to Oct. 7, 1933. 



lard: 



Estimated Production and Consumption from Federally 
Inspected Slaughter 

October 1938 



Production-. 1,000 pounds. 

Storage beginning of month.. do 

Storage end of month _do 

Exports (refined and neutral) do 

Apparent consumption do 

Per capita consumption. pounds.. 



October 
1938 



89,716 
89, 946 
67, 667 
21, 071 
90,924 
0.70 



September 
1938 



75, 838 
116, 620 
89, 946 
18, 790 
83, 722 
0.64 



October 
1937 



59, 009 

72, 614 
39, 477 
18, 895 

73, 251 
0.57 



Receipts of Horses and Mules at Public Stockyards, November 

1938 



Market 


1938 


1937 


Market 


1938 


1937 


Atlanta, Oa 


2,259 

161 

557 

68 

569 

167 

296 

528 

74 

2,174 

187 

2,738 

1 


2,211 

263 

473 

72 

1,105 

274 

490 

375 

181 

2, 895 

101 

2,346 

62 

25 

444 

124 

3,089 

44 

54 

4,815 

152 

1 


Nashville, Tenn ._ 

New York, N. Y 

North Salt Lake, Utah. 
Ogden, Utah.. . 


1,263 

415 

23 

480 

2,197 

607 

587 

1 

48 

77 

247 

956 

661 

105 




Baltimore, Md 


75 


Buffalo, N. Y 


59 


Cheyenne, Wyo 


211 


Chicago, Ill_. 


Oklahoma City, Okla_. 
Omaha, Nebr 


815 


Cincinnati, Ohio 


1,099 


Columbia, S. C 


Pittsburgh, Pa 


991 


Denver, Colo 




11 


Detroit, Mich 


Pueblo, Colo. 




East St. Louis, 111 


St. Joseph, Mo 


57 


El Paso, Tex 


San Antonio, Tex 

Sioux City, Iowa 

So. St. Paul, Minn 

Spokane, Wash 

Stockton, Calif 


710 


Fort Worth, Tex 

Houston, Tex 


739 
642 


Indianapolis, Ind 


194 


Jacksonville, Fla _ 


26 

17 

120 

2,787 

55 

34 

6,413 

19 

327 


27 


Jersey City, N. J 


Tulsa, Okla 




78 


Joplin, Mo 


West Fargo, N. Dak... 
Wichita, Kans.. 


778 
746 
108 


696 


Kansas City, Mo 


334 


Los Angeles, Calif 


All others 


32 




Total horses and 
mules 




Memphis, Tenn 

Milwaukee, Wis 


28, 876 
13,872 
15, 004 


26, 366 


Montgomery, Ala _ 


Total horses ' 

Total mules ' 

November average 5 yea 
Horses and mules . 


14, 381 
11,985 


Accumulated receipts, 
11 months: 
Horses and mules _ 


334, 152 
198, 549 
135, 603 


416,414 
238, 802 
177, 612 


rs, 1933-37: 

.. 45.824 


Horses ' 






22, 833 


Mules '.. 


Mules' 




22, 991 











1 Totals for horses and mules separately are partly estimated, as a few stockyard 
companies do not separate horses and mules on their reports. 



Average Weight and Cost of Hogs 

[Computed on packer and shipper purchases] 



Market 


November 
1938 


October 
1938 


November 
1937 


Calendar year 
1937 




Wt. 


Cost 


Wt. 


Cost 


Wt. 


Cost 


Wt. 


Cost 


Chicago i 


Lb. 

235 
222 
231 
238 
242 
227 
215 


Per 
100 lb. 
$7.67 
7.68 
7.53 
7.47 
7.39 
7.49 
7.46 


Lb. 
232 
214 
219 
245 
259 
221 
209 


Per 

100 lb. 

$7.84 
7.96 
7.75 
7.54 
7.37 
7.67 
7.54 


Lb. 
235 
225 
227 
236 
244 
232 
224 


Per 
100 lb. 
$8.64 
8.64 
8.34 
8.08 
8.01 
8.18 
8.30 


Lb. 
244 
218 
226 
236 
240 
227 
229 


Per 

100 lb. 
$10. 02 


East St. Louis 


10. 18 


Kansas City 


10.03 


Omaha 


9.52 


Sioux City 


9.54 


South St. Joseph 

South St. Paul.. 


9.65 
9.52 


Weighted average, 
7 markets 


227 


7.55 


224 


7.71 


231 


8.41 


234 


9.82 


Cincinnati 


223 
237 
213 
230 


7.69 
7.73 
7.38 

7.44 


219 
236 
207 
218 


7.91 
7.87 
7.82 
7.75 


218 
239 
207 
229 


8.72 
8.21 
8.32 
8.22 


212 
228 
202 
228 


10.41 


Denver 


9.95 


Fort Worth 


9.67 


Wichita 


10.12 







1 Practically no sales from Nov. 21 to Dec. 3, 1938, on account of strike. 



Amount of Federally Inspected Meats Apparently Available for 
Consumption, per Capita 

October 1938, With Comparisons 





Beef and veal 


Pork (includ- 
ing lard) 


Lamb and 
mutton 


Total 




Total 


Per 

capita' 


Total 


Per 

capita' 


Total 


Per 

capita' 


Total 


Per 

capita' 


October 1938 


Million 
lb. 
479 
491 


Lb. 
3.7 
3.8 


Million 
lb. 
555 
484 


Lb. 
4.3 
3.7 


Million 
lb. 
63 
59 


Lb. 
.49 

.45 


Million 

lb. 

1,097 

1,033 


Lb. 
8.4 


October 1937 


8.0 






Increase or decrease... 


-12 
-2.3 


-.1 

-2.9 


+71 
+14.7 


+.6 
+14.2 


+4 
+7.6 


+.04 
+8.9 


+64 
+6.2 


+.4 
+5.8 






Accumulation: 

Jan.-Oct. 1938 

Jan.-Oct. 1937 


4,573 
4,699 


35.2 
36.4 


4,828 
4,499 


37.1 
34.8 


608 
581 


4.7 
4.5 


10,009 
9,779 


77.0 

75.7 


Increase or decrease... 


-126 
-2.7 


-1.2 
-3.4 


+329 
+7.3 


+2.3 
+6.6 


+27 
+4.6 


+.2 
+4.0 


+230 
+2.4 


+13 
+1.7 







1 Per capita consumption and percent of increase or decrease computed on full 
number of pounds. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



305 



Statistical Report of the livestock and Meat Situation, October 1938, With Comparisons 






October 


Total or average, Janinry-Oetober 


Item 


5-year aver- 
age ' 


193? 


1938 


5- 


year aver- 
age ' 


1937 


1938 


Cattle, Calves, Beef, and Veal 


















Inspected slaughter: 


















Cattle _ 


number.. 


1, 001, 5S2 


958, 384 


8S3, 786 




8,115,372 


8, 354, 274 


8, 160, 283 


Calves.. 


do.... 


527, 456 


524, 528 


470, 268 




4,881,960 


5,361,216 


4, 617, 093 


Carcasses condemned: 


















Cattle _._ 


do— 


7,437 


6,177 


5,138 




57, 110 


52, 058 


43, 741 


Calvs — 


do— 


1,264 


1,314 


1,014 




15, 068 


19, 123 


14, 726 


Average live weight: ' 


















Cattle. ___ 


pound . 


913. 23 


891. 74 


914. 83 




921. 87 


899. 51 


919. 11 


Calves ___ _. 


do. .. 


209. 5? 


213. 78 


210. 75 




185. 21 


187. 34 


187,. 07 


Average dressed weight: ' 


















Cattle 


— do— . 


475. 87 


448. 61 


481. 63 




494. 33 


470. 41 


193. 87 


Calves _ 


do— 


116.91 


118.21 


115. 65 




105. 4S 


106. 90 


105. 77 


Total dressed weight (carcass, excluding condemned): 


















Beef 


.1,000 pounds— 


473, 083 


427, 170 


423, 183 




3, 983, 449 


3, 905, 467 


4, 008, 533 


Veal _._ _ 


do— 


61,516 


61, 849 


54, 269 




513, 348 


571, 044 


486, 869 


Storage beginning of month or period: 


















Fresh beef 


do— 


45, 983 


25, 109 


23, 753 




89, 538 


159, 493 


46, 985 


Cured beef 


do— 


16, 727 


13, 577 


13, 190 




23, 064 


34, 267 


13, 985 


Storage end of month or period: 


















Fresh beef 


do— 


58, 243 


31, 960 


28, 019 




58, 243 


31, 960 


28, 019 


Cured beef. 

Exports. 

Fresh beef and veal 


do— 


18, 148 


11, 937 


13,199 




18, 148 


11,937 


13, 199 


do— 


383 


272 


282 




3,701 


3,896 


3,550 


Cured beef . . 


._ do.— 


667 


416 


805 




7,807 


4,806 


5,773 


Canned beef _. 


do— . 


177 


201 


161 




1,720 


2,268 


1,684 


Oleo oil and stearin 


do— 


1,666 


601 


343 




15. 397 


4,770 


4,820 


Tallow 


do— 


122 


6 


9 




2,567 


193 


213 


Imports: 


















Fre=h beef and veal 


do— 


218 


402 


109 




3,266 


4,007 


1,403 


Beef and veal, pickled or cured 


do— . 


136 


179 


118 




1,169 


1,655 


1,450 


Beef, canned 


do— 


6,046 


7,435 


7,432 




58, 614 


77, 763 


65, 833 






2,499 


2,333 


2,306 




18, 743 


18, 661 


17, 273 


Stocker and feeder shipments 3 


do- 


549 


595 


594 




2,627 


2,773 


2,832 


Cattle on farms January 1 


do 




66, 448 


65, 930 










Price per 100 pounds: 














Cattle, average cost for slaughter J . 


dollar.. 


5.35 


6.60 


6.95 




5.92 


7.64 


7.05 




do— 


5.98 


7.20 


7.80 




6.36 


7.90 


7.87 


Cattle, Good steers, 900-1, TOO pounds, Chicago 


—do— 


9.45 


14.20 


10.06 




9.14 


12.68 


9.18 


Veal calves. Medium to Choice, Chicago 


—do— 


7.88 


9.92 


9.86 




7.29 


9.26 


8.93 


Beef carcasses, Good grade, eastern markets ... ... 


do— 


13. 13 


20.30 


16.24 




13.88 


18.61 


15.41 


Veal carcasses, Good grade, eastern markets 


...do— 


13.97 


17.45 


16.24 




13.12 


15.73 


15.50 


Hogs, Pork, and Pork Products 


















Inspected slaughter, hogs 


number.. 


2, 988, 196 


2, 710, 916 


3, 310, 720 




29, 158. 882 


24, 388, 937 


27, 927, 042 


Carcasses condemned .. 


.do... . 


8,531 


6,541 


6,262 




91, 793 


70, 518 


69, 893 


Average live weight 2 _ 


... , .pound.. 


221. 53 


225. 28 


220. 03 




228. 27 


225. 16 


234. 88 


Average dressed weight J 


.-_ do— 


163. 89 


167. 03 


160. 92 




171. 28 


167. 42 


175. 78 


Total dressed weight (carcass, excluding condemned) 


.1,000 pounds . 


488, 332 


451,712 


531, 753 




4, 978, 712 


4, 071, 369 


4, 896, 634 


Lard per 100 pounds live weight 2 


pound- 


11.34 


9.69 


12.34 




13.28 


10.89 


12.77 


Storage beginning of month or period: 


















Fresh pork . _ 


1,000 pounds 


88 253 


54 922 


59, 330 




161, 296 


285, 786 


116,313 


Cured pork 


do— 


327, 027 


227, 612 


217, 901 




399, 060 


381, 105 


282, 252 


Lard . _._ 


- -do_ — 


107, 975 


72, 614 


89, 946 




98, 046 


145, 809 


53, 693 


Storage end of month or period: 


















Fresh pork 


do.... 


71, 979 


47, 476 


51, 540 




71, 979 


47, 476 


51, 540 


Cured pork .._ 


do— 


300, 035 


218, 938 


200, 105 




300, 035 


218, 938 


200, 105 


Lard _ 


do— 


82, 828 


39, 477 


67, 667 




83,828 


39, 477 


67, 667 


Exports: 


















Fresh pork 


do...: 


614 


140 


487 




10, 172 


2,609 


6,047 


Cured pork 


do.... 


5,480 


3,967 


6,120 




66, 739 


39, 567 


63, 369 


Canned pork . 


do— 


669 


595 


654 




7,687 


6,007 


7,092 


Sausage 


do— 


516 


278 


353 




4,909 


3, 405 


3,588 


Imports: 

Fresh pork _ 


do... . 


21,878 


18, 695 


21, 071 




230, 067 


96,015 


169, 396 


do.... 


520 


1,344 


263 




6,602 


18, 787 


3,706 


Pork, pickled, salted, and other 


....do— 


218 


567 


208 




1,831 


5,079 


3,267 


Prepared or preserved hams, shoulders, and bacon... 


do.... 


1,509 


4,278 


2,309 




13, 302 


40, 862 


36, 618 


Receipts of hogs 3 




2,300 


1,906 


2.255 




22, 983 


17, 755 


19, 624 


Stocker and feeder shipments 3 


_ ..do- 


44 


32 


28 




383 


326 


346 


Hogs on farms Jan. 1 


do 




42, 948 


44,418 










Price per 100 pounds: 














Average cost for slaughter' 




7.71 


10.13 


7.87 




6.93 


10.48 


8.26 


At Chicago, live hogs, medium weight 


do— 


8.30 


10.46 


8.04 




8.11 


11.13 


8.80 


At eastern markets: 




















do.... 


19.20 


22.35 


18.90 




17.93 


22.59 


19.43 


Shoulders, skinned. — 


do— 


15.74 


« 19.21 


15.26 




14.53 


18.35 


15.53 


Picnics, 6-8 pounds » 


do— 


15.38 


19.80 


15.38 




13.83 


17.51 


15.15 




do- 


18.21 


21.62 


18.08 




17.19 


21.79 


18.16 


Bacon, breakfast, No. 1, sweet pickle cure, 8-10 pounds 

Hams, smoked, No. 2, 12-14 pounds 


do 


22 84 


28 12 


• 22 36 




20.86 


24.90 




-do— 


20.32 


24.30 


21.10 




18.98 


23.18 


20.86 




do— 


12.23 


12.78 


9.57 




11.49 


13.70 


10.15 


Sheep, Lamb, and Mutton 


















Inspected slaughter, sheep and Iambs 


number,. 


1, 672, 264 


1,529,575 


1, 637, 656 




14,310,531 


14, 546, 064 


15, 259, 748 




...do—. 


4,172 


4,693 


4,259 




26, 197 


35, 552 


31, 470 






82.64 


83.52 


82.88 




83.29 


84.24 


84.68 




do— 


39.01 


38.90 


38.93 




39.25 


39.55 


39.93 


Total dressed weight 'carcass, excluding condemned). 


1,000 pounds 


65, 066 


59,318 


63, 5S8 




560, 639 


573, 849 


608, 085 


Storage, fresh lamb and mutton: 


















....do— 


2,185 


1,887 


2,318 




4,918 


10, 228 


2,895 




do... . 


3,172 


2,376 


2,606 




3,172 


2,376 


2,606 




do.._. 


42 


44 


24 




416 


460 


402 




—do— 


3 


4 


(') 




40 


115 


10 






3,189 


2,697 


2,805 




22, 130 


21,551 


22, 101 




—do- 


846 


857 


856 




2,610 


2,838 


2,797 


Price per 100 pounds: 


do 




52, 588 


52,918 






























7.38 


8.74 


7.28 




8.05 


9.78 


7.63 


At Chicago: 




















..do—. 


8.24 


10.08 


8.24 




8.85 


10.98 


8.14 




do— 


2.92 


3.84 


3.08 




3.58 


4.84 


3.72 


At eastern markets: 




















do— 


15.21 


18.70 


16.18 




16.60 


18.86 


17.10 




-__ do... . 


8.39 


10.87 


8.56 




9.13 


10.63 


9.60 


1 1933-37. 3 Public stockyards. • Boston only. 






'Nc 


t over 500 pounds 








• Weighted average. * New York only. • Beginning July 1 


1938 quoted as 


Bacon No. 2 D 


ry Cure. 8 Pr 


ices quoted as 


'spring" are nc 


t included in t 


he cumulative 



306 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Dairy and Poultry 

Stocks, Imports, and Exports of Evaporated, Condensed, and 

Dry Milk 

Stocks Nov. 1, With Comparisons: Imports and Exports During October, With 
Comparisons 



Stocks 



Evaporated (case goods) 
Condensed (case goods). 
Condensed (bulk goods) 

Dry whole milk 

Dry skim milk 

Dry buttermilk 



Nov. 1, 
1938 



1,000 lb. 
344,316 
8,521 
15, 248 
4,841 
40, 990 
6,586 



Oct. 1, 
19381 



1,000 1b. 
398, 287 
9,278 
17, 777 
5. 578 
52, 602 
6,730 



Nov. 1, 
1937' 



1,000 lb. 
244, 766 
8.252 
8.730 
3,336 
31,166 
6,026 





October 
1938 


September 
1938 


October 
1937 


IMPORTS 

Evaporated milk 


1,000 lb. 
(?) 
44 
23 

2,335 
356 
751 


1,000 lb. 
( 2 ) 
84 
4 

2,380 
279 
786 


1,0001b. 

3 


Condensed milk. 


124 


Dry milk 


48 


EXPORTS 

Evaporated milk 


1,874 


Condensed milk 


1,142 


Dry milk 


571 







1 Revised figures include late reports. 



Less than 1,000 pounds. 



Production of Evaporated and Condensed Milk 
Manufacturers, October 1938 



Reported by 



Commodity 



Evaporated (case goods) 
Condensed (case goods). 
Condensed (bulk goods) 



October 
1938' 



1,0001b. 
122, 885 
3,050 
14, 684 



September 
19381 



1,000 lb. 
146, 679 
3,210 
14, 178 



October 
1937! 



1,000 lb. 
124, 126 
4,160 
14, 037 



Estimated, subject^tojevision. 



» Final. 



Production of Dry Milk Reported by Manufacturers, October 

1938 





Comparison of production (pounds) for same firms 


Class of dry milk 


Previous year 


Previous month 




Firms 


Oct. 1938 


Oct. 1937 


Firms 


Oct. 1938 


Sept. 1938 


Whole milk 

Skim milk 

Part skim milk... 
Buttermilk. 


17 

114 

2 

59 


1, 225, 279 

24, 083, 796 

8,502 

2, 073, 169 


1, 821, 076 

16, 609, 823 

2,250 

2, 604, 331 


18 

135 

2 

80 


1, 226, 079 

24, 964, 232 

8,502 

2, 316, 885 


1, 082, 943 

26, 683, 924 



2, 716, 231 



Figures showing number of firms do not represent number of factories since some 
firms operate more than 1 factory. 



Prices to Producers at Condenseries for 3.5 Percent Milk 

October and September 1938 
[In dollars per 100 pounds] 



Geographic section 


By manufacturers of case goods 


October 
1938 


September 
1938 


October 
1937 


Middle Atlantic _ 


$1.30 
1.26 
1.16 
1.10 
1.05 
1.17 
1.24 


$1.25 
1.24 
1.14 
1.10 
1.04 
1.11 
1.19 


$1.78 


South Atlantic 


1 72 


East North Central.... 


1.68 


West North Central _ 


1.60 


South Central 


1 50 


Western (North) 


1.52 


Western (South) 


1.69 






United States 


1.16 


1.14 


1 65 







Wholesale Prices of Evaporated and Condensed Milk 
October and September 1938 



Geographic section 


Unsweetened 

evaporated 

milk (per case 

of 48 14!4-ounce 

cans) 


Sweetened con- 
densed (per case 
of 48 14-ounce 
cans) 


Sweetened con- 
densed un- 
skimmed (bulk 
per 100 pounds) 




Octo- 
ber 


Sep- 
tember 


Octo- 
ber 


Sep- 
tember 


Octo- 
ber 


Sep- 
tember 


New England 


$2.72 
2.68 
2.70 
2.64 
2.66 
2.66 
2.73 
2.66 


$2.75 
2.70 
2.69 
2.66 
2.68 
2.68 
2.75 
2.67 


$4 80 
4.73 
4.73 
5.25 
5.25 
4.73 
5.39 
5.39 


$4.80 
4.73 
4.73 
5.25 
5.25 
4.73 
5.39 
5.39 


$7.13 
7.25 
7.13 
6.71 
7.16 
7.13 
7.13 
7.33 


$7.13 


Middle Atlantic 


7.25 


South Atlantic 


7.13 


East North Central 


6.76 


West North Central 


7.15 


South Central. 

Western (North). 


7.13 
7.13 


Western (South) 


7.33 






United States: 

1938... 


2.68 
3.07 


2.70 
3.06 


4.86 
4.89 


4.86 
4.89 


7.02 
8.27 


7.03 


1937 


8.06 







Wholesale Selling Prices of Dry Milk During October 1938 

(Cents per pound] 



Dry skim milk (bulk goods)— re- 
ported sales (average price 4.52) 


Dry whole milk 
(bulk goods) — 
reported sales (av- 
erage price 14.01) 


Dry buttermilk 
(bulk goods)— 
reported sales (av- 
erage price 3.93) 


Price 


Pounds 


Price 


Pounds 


Price 


Pounds 


2-2J4... — . 


47, 076 
1, 136, 092 
6, 722, 869 
3, 531, 652 
4,045,721 

5, 848, 974 
8, 355, 996 

6, 208, 990 
672, 470 
105, 482 
123, 100 


11 -113-2 

111-2-12J/2 

12J4-13H 
13M-14M 
143-2-153-i 
15MJ-16K 
1634-1 734 
17J4-18H 
183-2-19K 


122, 275 

22, 750 

339, 500 

119, 799 

597, 098 

42, 754 

7,620 

932 

600 


2J-2- 33-2 

314- 41-2 
43-2- 534 

534-6^ 
634- 7J-2 
734- 83-2 

834- 934 

934-IO34 

1034-1134 
HJ4-12J4 


1, 156, 659 


2^-3 


503, 788 


3-33-2 - 


649, 900 


3J4-4 


198, 373 


4-434 


17,554 


434-5 


20,910 


5-5J4 




5 V2-6 




6-6J-2 - 




6J4-7 


400 


7 73-4 


















Total 


36, 798, 422 




1, 253, 328 




2, 547, 584 











Wholesale prices reported on case goods were as follows: Dry whole milk (1-pound 
cans) 36.395 cents per pound. 



Dealers' Prices for Standard Grade Milk Testing 3.5 Percent 
Butterfat 

Used for City Distribution as Milk and Cream 

[Delivered f. o. b. local shipping point or at country plant 1] 





Num- 
ber of 
local 
mar- 
kets 


Range of 
prices per 
100 pounds 


Aver- 
age 
price 


Comparison of prices for 
same markets 




Num- 
ber of 
local 
mar- 
kets 


Average for — 




De- 
cem- 
ber 
1938 


No- 
vem- 
ber 
1938 


De- 
cem- 
ber 
1937 




12 
16 
25 
20 
17 

6 
10 

7 
11 


$2. 34-$3. 16 
2. 18- 2. 85 
1. 40- 2. 75 
1. 27- 2. 25 
1. 80- 3. 40 
1.55- 2.40 
1. 50- 2. 45 
1.24- 2.29 
1. 38- 2. 42 


$2.79 
2.56 
2.03 
1.91 
2.76 
2.08 
1.97 
1.86 
1.84 


12 
16 
25 
19 
17 

6 
10 

7 
10 


$2.79 
2.56 
2.03 
1.91 
2.76 
2.08 
1.97 
1.86 
1.86 


$2.79 
2.58 
2.01 
1.91 
2.76 
2.04 
1.96 
1.86 
1.85 


$2. 85 


Middle Atlantic 


2.70 


East North Central 

West North Central 


2.16 
2.04 
2.80 


East South Central 

West South Central 


2.26 
2.08 
2.02 




2.11 






United States 


124 


1. 24- 3. 40 


2.23 


122 


2.23 


2.23 


2.35 



1 The prices at country points apply to milk delivered direct by farmers in their 
own cans to local milk shipping stations and nearby city milk plants. "Basic" 
prices are used for cities where a surplus plan or pooling plan is in effect, and where 
net prices are not yet determined. The price per 100 pounds may be reduced to cents 
per quart by dividing by 46.53. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



307 



Report of Fluid Milk Market for December 1938 

Wholesale and Retail Milk Prices at Cities 





City 


Dealers' 
buying 
price at 
city for 
3.5 per- 
cent but- 
terfat 


Selling price ' 






On routes 


At 
retail 
stores 


Pre- 
vailing 
butter- 


State 


Wholesale trade 


Family 
trade 


fat test 
of milk 
sold by 
dealers 




Bulk 


Bulk 


Bottles 


Bottles 


Bottles 




Ala 


Birmingham... 
Mobile 


Cents 

per qt. 

2 6 13 

2 5.16 

2 4.15 

4.13 

2 3.76 

2 4.81 

2 5. 27-5. 63 

2 4.73 

2 4.32 

2 6. 91 

2 6.94 

3 5.52 
2 6.86 
2 6.98 
2 7.78 


Cents 
per qt. 
6.25 
10 

8.75 
7 
6 
8. 1- 8. 3 


Cents 
per qt. 
12 
11 
9 
10 
6.5 
9.5 


Cents 
per qt. 

15 

14 

12 

12 
10-11 

12 
12-13 

12 

12 

14 

14 

12 

14 

16 

16 

15 

14 

12 

10 

12 

11 

12 

12 

10 

11 

11 

11 

10 

12 

12 

13 

12 

13 

13 

13 

13 

14 
10-11 

11 
8- 9 

10 

11 

10 

13 

13 

12 
8 

10 

12 

13 

13 

13 

13.75 

13 

15 

10 

13 

11 

10 

12 

12 

11 

11 

12 

13 

12 

15 

13 

15 
10-11 

10 

11 

11 

11 

12 

10 

13 

14 

10 

11 

15 

12 

11 

12 

12 


Cents 
per qt. 
14 
13 
12 
12 
8- 9 
11 
12 

11-12 
11 
13 

13-14 
11 

11-14 
16 

ie 

15 
13 
10 
10 
12 
11 
in 
12 
10 
11 
10 

10-11 
10 
12 
8. 5-12 
12 
10 

10-13 
13 
12 
12 
13 
8- 9 

10-11 
8 
8 

10-11 
10 

12-13 

12-13 
12 
8 
9 
12 
12 
13 
12 

11-13 

12-13 
15 
9 
12 

10-11 
9-10 

11-12 

9-11 

Id 

11 

11-13 
13 
12 
15 
12 


Percent 

4.2 

4. 0-4. 5 


Ariz 

Ark 
Calif 


Phoenix 

Little Rock 

Los Angeles 

San Diego 

San Francisco.. 
Colo. Springs. . 
Pueblo 


4. 2-4. 4 

3. 5-4. 

4.0 


Colo 


9 


10 


3.8-4.0 
3 9 


Conn 

Del 
D. C 
Fla 


Hartford 

New Haven 

Wilmington 

Washington 

Jacksonville 

Miami 


10 
10 
9 
10 
12 

12.5 
12 
10 

8. 25- 9. 25 

8 

7.5 
8.5 
8.5 
8.75 
7.5 
7.5 
8.5 
8 

7.5 
9.25 
7.5 
8.5 
7.5 
8- 9 
10 

9. 75-10. 75 


10-11 
11 
11 
12 
14 
13 
13 
11 

8.5 

8 
10 

9.5 
10 
10 

8.5 

9 

8.5 

9 

8 

10 

8.5-10 

11 

8 
10-11 
11 
10.5 


3. 8-4. 

3. 9-4. 

4.0 

4. 0-4. 1 
4. 0-5. 
4 2-4 5 




Tampa 


3 5-4 4 


Ga 


Macon 


2 5.97 


4 3-4 6 


111 


Chicago 






Rockford 




3 8 


Ind 
Iowa 


Springfield 

Evansville. ... 

Indianapolis 

South Bend 

Burlington 

Davenport 

Des Moines 


3.55 
2 3.76 
2 4.96 
2 4.88 
2 4.51 
2 4.51 


4.0 
3. 6-3. 86 
3. 6-3. 8 
3. 7-3. 8 
4.0 
3.8 
3 7 3 8 


Kans 

Ky 


Sioux City 

Topeka 

Wichita. 

Lexington 

Louisville 


2 4.84 
2 3.76 
2 4.73 
2 4.73 


3. 5-3. 8 
3.8 

3. 7-3. 8 

4. 0-4. 5 

4.0 

4.0 

4.0 

4. 0-4. 2 

3. 7-4. 


La 

Md 

Mass 


New Orleans... 

Baltimore 

Cumberland... 
Boston 


2 5.16 
2 6.13 
2 7.31 
2 6.88 
2 6.64 
2 6.96 




Lowell... 


Mich 


Springfield 

Detroit 


10.5 


11 


3. 8-4. 1 


Minn .. 


Grand Rapids. . 

Lansing... 

Duluth 


2 4.30 
2 3.44 


8- 9 
6.25 
7 

7.75 
7.5 
8.5- 9 
8. 5- 9. 5 
8.25 
6 
6- 7 
9 
10 
8 
9 

9.5 
9-10 
10-10. 5 
7.5 
9 


8.5-9 
6-5 
8 
8 
8 
10-11 
11 
10 
6 
8 
10 
11 
11-13 
10.5 
9.75-11.5 
10.5 
13.5 
8 
11 


3. .5-4. 

3. 7-3. 8 

3. 6-3. 8 

3. 5-3. 7 

3. 7-3. 8 

3. 6-4. 

3.8 

3. 5-3. 7 

3.8 

3.8 

3.9 

3. 8-4. 06 

4.3 

3. 65-4. 1 

3.85 
4.0 
3.6 
3.9 


Mo 


Winona 

Kansas City. .. 
St. Louis 


4.56 
2 4.96 


Mont 


Butte.. 


2 5.42 
2 3.37 
2 3.89 
5.03 
J 3 5. 93 
2 5.05 
2 6.13 
2 6.44-6.80 
2 5.70 
2 6.02 
2 4.30 
2 5.48 
2 4.79 
2 3.87 
2 5.05 
2 3.87 
2 3.76 
2 4.36 
2 5.97 
2 6.15 
2 5.70 


Nebr 


Lincoln _ 

Omaha 


N.H.... 
N.J 

N. Y 


Portsmouth 

Trenton 

Albany 

Buffalo 


N. C 
N. Dak.. 
Ohio 


New York 

Rochester 

Durham 

Grand Forks... 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Toledo 




7.25 


8 

10 

8-10 

8.5 

9 
10 

11.5 
10.5 
13 


3.5-4.0 

3. 5-3. 6 

3. 6-4. 

3. 6-4. 

4.0 

3.68 

3. 6-3. 8 

3.65 

4.4 


Okla 


Okla. City 
Tulsa 






8.5 
9 
10 
10-11.5 
9.5 


Oreg — 
Pa 

R. I. 


Portland 

Philadelphia... 
Pittsburgh... . 

Reading 

Newport 




Providence 
Charleston 
Sioux Falls 

Knoxville 

Memphis 

Nashville 


2 6.68 
2 6.53 
'4.30 
3.87 
2 5.27 




S. C 

S. Dak... 

Tenn 


10 

7.9 
8-8. 75 

7 

7. 5 

9 

9 

7.5 
10 
10.75 

7 

7.5 


13 

8 
7-8. 5 

9 

9 

9 
10 

8 
11 
13 

7.5 

9 
13 
10 
10 

10.5 
10.5 


13 

10-11 

8-10 

11 

10-11 
10 

10-12 
10 
13 
14 
9 

10-11 
15 
12 
11 
12 
12 


4. -4. 1 

4.0 

4. -4. 1 




4.1 

4.5 

3. 6 -4. 2 

3. 65-3. 75 

4.2 

4.0 

4.0 

3. 7 -4. 

3. 7 -4. 

3. 7 -4. 

3.8 

3. 6 -3. 75 

3.6 


Tex 


Dallas.... 


2 4.08-4.41 

5.05 

'4.00 

2 6.34 

2 7.35 

2 3.85 

3 4.51 
3 6.49 
2 5.16 
2 5.59 
2 5.82 
>5.80 


Utah 
Va 

Wash.... 


El Paso... 

Salt Lake City. 

Lynchburg 

Richmond 

Seattle 


W. Va... 


Spokane 

Charleston 

Wheeling 

Madison 

Milwaukee 
Racine 


Wis 


10 
9.5 
9.5 
9.5 



Receipts of Butter at 4 Markets, by State of Origin, November 

1938 



1 These prices represent grade B milk or the grade which is most commonly sold, 
the butterfat content varying from 3.5 to 5 percent in different cities. 
3 Price paid for milk used in fluid form for city distribution. 
5 Price at receiving stations. 



State of origin 


New York 


Chicago 


Philadel- 
phia 


Boston 


Total, 4 
markets 




Pounds 


Pounds 
23, 360 


Pounds 


Pounds 


Pounds 
23, 360 


Arizona 


40, 775 






40, 775 


Arkansas 


62, 050 

22. 922 

993, 038 

458, 513 

3, 068, 440 

1, 322, 139 

207, 527 






62, 050 


Colorado 








22, 922 


Illinois 


1, 672, 952 
367,412 

5,883,527 

600, 094 

44, 552 


631, 408 

135, 562 

904, 766 

21,854 

23, 090 


1,211,735 

187, 521 

1,261 262 

46,592 

117, 023 

41 


4, 509, 133 


Indiana 


1, 149, 008 


Iowa 


11,117,995 


Kansas 


1, 990, 679 


Kentucky 


392, 792 


Maine 


41 


Maryland 


16. 280 

43,200 

388, 265 

4, 830, 882 

86, 040 

625, 414 

2, 065, 904 




5,325 


21,605 


Massachusetts 




720 

429, 886 

1,077,683 


43, 920 


Michigan 


286, 671 
2, 557, 236 


21,000 
3, 042, 594 

27, 477 
116,775 
304, 351 


1,125,822 


Minnesota 


11,508,395 


Mississippi 


113,517 


Missouri 


1, 194, 719 
569, 521 


290, 626 
127, 217 
133 
129,120 
501, 81.0 

27. 523 
170, 777 

38, 500 

20, 160 
67. 227 

21, 300 


2, 227, 534 


Nebraska 


3, 066, 993 


New Hampshire 


133 


New Jersey 


127,000 
198, 868 
343,026 
588. 867 

52, 858 
103, 110 

33, 636 






256, 120 


New York 


70 
14, 308 


99, 066 
12, 297 


799, 894 


North Dakota 

Ohio 


397. 154 
759. 644 


Oklahjma 


929, 548 




1, 020, 906 




7,313 
22, 300 


130, 583 


South Dakota 


281, 083 
3.285 
18, 250 


404, 246 
24, 585 


Texas 


245, 894 




264, 144 






11, 648 


11,648 




112,742 




10, 180 

10, 650 

344, 175 


122, 922 








10, 650 




745, 832 


4, 259, 231 


312, 449 


5, 661, 687 






Total: 
November 1938... 
November 1937. . . 


19, 217, 130 
17. 809, 272 


16, 271, 911 
12,881.839 


5, 740, 183 
4,818,372 


6, 051, 633 
5, 914, 581 


47. 280, 857 
41,424,064 



Creamery Butter Production, October 1938, with Comparisons 
by States ' 





October 
1938 


Septem- 
ber 
1938 


October 
1937 


October 
aver- 
age, 

1929-36 


Change in October 1938 
production from — 


State 


Sep- 
tem- 
ber 
1938 


Octo- 
ber 

1937 


October 
aver- 
age, 
1929-36 




Thou- 
sand 
pounds 

224 
2,150 
1,040 
7,950 
6,200 
6,150 
7,150 
14,750 
18, 809 
17, 156 
8,000 
3,000 
2,630 
5,015 
5,075 

793 
2,453 
1,950 

735 
3,294 
2,710 

943 
2,700 
1,475 

902 
3,000 
2,456 
4,646 
2,776 


Thou- 
sand 
pounds 
286 
2,350 
1,228 
8,300 
7,300 
6, 950 
8, 652 

17, 750 
19, 765 

18, 254 
8,650 
3,720 
2,882 
5,600 
5,675 

948 
2,626 
2, 550 

780 
3,825 
2,733 
1,000 
2,690 
1,629 

854 
2, 850 
2,424 
4,473 
3,170 


Thou- 
sand 
pounds 

219 
1,119 

956 
6,448 
5, 154 
4,798 
5,818 
11,907 
18, 329 
13, 424 
6,542 
3,410 
2, 456 
3,979 
4,593 

753 
2,119 
1,659 

543 
3,546 
2,903 

902 
2,531 
1,472 

846 
2,931 
2,278 
4,677 
2, 566 


Thou- 
sand 
pounds 
223 
1,236 
1,023 
7,386 
6,198 
5,578 
6,034 
12, 320 
18,548 
16, 647 
6,689 
3,263 
2,631 
5,762 
4,821 
591 
2,227 
1,650 
675 
2,439 
2,463 
1,146 
2,275 
1,537 
891 
2,651 
2,057 
4,938 
1,921 


Percent 
-22 

-9 
-15 

-4 
-15 
-12 
-17 
-17 

-5 

-6 

-8 
-19 

-9 
-10 
-11 
-16 

-7 
-24 

-6 
-14 

-1 

-6 

-9 
+6 
+5 
+ 1 
+4 
-12 


Percent 

+2 

+92 

+9 

+23 

+20 

+28 

+23 

+24 

+3 

+28 

+22 

-12 

+7 

+26 

+10 

+5 

+16 

+ 18 

+35 

-7 

-7 

+5 

+7 

+7 
+2 
+8 
-1 
+8 


Percent 




+74 


Pennsylvania 

Ohio 


+2 
+8 








+10 




+18 




+20 




+1 




+3 




+20 


North Dakota 

South Dakota 


-8 
-13 




+5 




+34 




+10 




+18 


Mississippi .. . 

Oklahoma 


+9 

+35 


Texas 


+10 




-18 




+19 




-4 


Utah _. 


+1 


Washington 

Oreron 


+13 
+19 


California 


-6 


Other States 


+44 


United States 


136, 132 


149,914 


3 118,878 


125, 820 


-9 


+15 


+8 



i Amounts shown for 1938 are estimates subject to revision. 
3 Revised. 



Wholesale Prices of Butter and Cheese, November 1938 

(Cents per pound! 





New 
York 


Chicago 


Boston 


Philadel- 
phia 


San Fran- 
cisco 


Butter: 

92 score _. 


27.27 

26.74 

26.40 

(') 

14.20 


26.51 
25.91 
25.63 
25.83 
13.23 


27.71 

(>) 

26.93 

(') 

14.49 


27.77 
27.13 
26. 72 
O 
14.16 


28.72 


91 score 


27.89 


90 score 


27.57 


90 score 3 


(') 


Cheese, single daisies... 


3 15.00 







1 No quotations. 



1 Centralized carlots. 



3 Flats. 



308 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Receipts of Cheese at 4 Markets, by State of Origin, November 

1938 



State of origin 


New York 


Chicago 


Philadel- 
phia 


Boston 


Total, 4 

markets 


California. 


Pounds 

129 

463, 499 

50, 649 

4,655 


Pounds 


Pounds 


Pounds 


Pounds 
129 


Illinois 


413. 542 
23, 540 


228, 098 
77, 090 
26, 197 


71, 806 


1,176,945 


Indiana 


151, 279 


Iowa 




30, S52 


Kansas 


85 




85 


Maine 






962 


962 




11,000 
24, 705 
52, 752 
11,778 






11, 000 


Massachusetts 






100 


24, 805 


Michigan 


59, 338 

1, 800 

150 

50 

66, 322 

186, 440 

200 


63 


112, 153 


Minnesota 




13, 678 


Montana 






150 


Nebraska 








50 


New Jersey 








66, 322 


New York 


422, 304 

412, 595 

1,155 

58, 175 

10. 775 

222,514 

3, 321. 258 

13, 944 


31,915 


41,103 


681, 762 


Ohio 


412, 795 


Pennsylvania.- 






1.155 










58. 175 










10. 775 


Virginia 








222. 514 


Wisconsin 


893, 997 


1, 170, 413 


721, 752 
68 


6, 107, 420 




14,012 










Total: 

November 1938... 
November 1937... 


5, 081, 887 
3, 647, 902 


1,645,464 
3, 571, 366 


1, 533, 776 
1, 307, 969 


835. 791 
898, 831 


9, 096, 918 
9, 426, 068 



Receipts of American Cheese at Wisconsin Warehouses 





1938 


Correspond- 
ing week in 
1937 


Correspond- 
ing 5-year 
average 
k eekly 
receipts ' 




Pounds 
4, 796, 739 
3, 917, 585 
3, 275, 467 
2, 893, 875 


Pounds 
4, 013, 355 
3. 470, 666 
3, 286, 098 
2, 968. 965 


Pounds 
3, 548, 456 


Weekended Nov. 12... 


3,191,600 


Week ended Nov. 19 


3, 283, 085 


Week ended Nov. 26 


3, 027, S26 






Total since Jan. 1 


247, 777, 043 


215, 641, 700 


219,091.11" 







i 1933-37 inclusive. 



American Cheese Production, October 1938, with Comparisons ' 



Geographic division or 
State 


October 
1938 


Sep- 
tember 
1938 


October 
1937 


October 
average, 
1929-36 


Change in October 1938 
production from — 


Sep- 
tember 
1938 


October 
1937 


October 
average, 
1929-36 


New York 


1,000 

pounds 

2,120 

165 
135 

4,375 
! 21, 150 

6,007 
3,275 
1,504 
2,530 


1,000 

pounds 

2,500 

192 

177 

5,113 

2 21, 000 

6, 450 
3,217 
1,542 
2,600 


1,000 

pounds 

2,630 

158 
130 

4,308 
18, 598 

6,048 
2, 735 
1,338 
2,930 


1,000 

pounds 

1,919 

179 

78 

2,253 

19, 304 

3,515 
1,806 
1, 279 
2,277 


Percent 
-15 

-14 
-24 
-14 
+1 

-7 
+2 
-2 
-3 


Percent 
-19 

+4 

+4 

+2 

+14 

-1 

+20 
+12 
-14 


Percent 
+11 


North Atlantic (ex- 
cluding New York).. 
South Atlantic 


-8 
+73 


South Central 


+94 




+10 


East North Central 
(excluding Wiscon- 
sin). 


+71 


West North Central 

Mountain.. 


+81 
+18 




+11 






United States 


41, 267 


42, 791 


38, 875 


32, 610 


-4 


+6 


+27 



1 Amounts shown for 1938 are estimates subject to revision. 

1 Estimates based on receipts of American cheese at Wisconsin warehouses. 



Cold-Storage Holdings of Dairy and Poultry Products at 26 
Markets ' November 1938 



Date 


Butter 


American 
cheese 


Eggs 


Dressed 
poultry 


Nov. 5 


Pounds 
158, 249, 018 
153,877,920 
148, 970, 471 
143,911,157 


Pounds 

82, 597, 429 
82, 667, 318 
81, 573, 706 
79, 986, 150 


Cases 
2, 324, 254 
2, 052, 239 
1, 724. 768 
1, 446, 749 


Pounds 

57, 929. 89G 
61 52 9 50° 


Nov. 12 _. 


Nov. 19 . _ 


67,337,102 
76, 481, 345 


Nov. 26 . 





i New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston, Providence, Buffalo, Syracuse, Cuba 
N. Y., Lowville, N. Y., Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Detroit, Minneapolis, St. Paul, 
Milwaukee, Plymouth, Marshfleld, Green Bay, Wis., Denver, Kansas City, St. 
Louis, Omaha, Portland, Seattle, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. 



Receipts of Eggs at 4 Markets, by State of Origin, November 1938 



State of origin 


New 
York 


Chicago 


Philadel- 
phia 


Boston 


Total, 4 
markets 


Arkansas... 


Cases 


Cases 


Cases 


Cases 
3 


Cases 

3 




4,871 

250 

1,294 

402 

2,900 

27,819 

20, 738 

31, 398 

3,233 

87 


1,200 


600 


6 671 


Connecticut 


100 


350 


Delaware 




143 


1,437 


Georgia 






402 


Idaho 








2,900 
60,886 
25, 533 




5,284 

708 

20, 114 

1,041 

14 


16, 685 
1,591 
4,915 
3,217 


11, 098 
2,496 

14, 534 
2, 2«8 


Indiana 


Iowa 


70, 961 

9,779 

101 


Kansas 


Kentucky... 


Maine 




9,255 


9,255 
4,396 
6,102 


Maryland 


2,703 
197 
1,509 
31,097 
2,418 
4,922 




1,693 


Massachusetts 


5,905 
194 

4,891 

2,326 
793 

8,426 


Michigan ._ 


722 
11,704 
2,057 
3,402 


2 
8,379 
3,066 
2,498 


2,427 


Minnesota . 


56, 071 


Missouri 


9,867 
11,615 


Nebraska 


New Hampshire 


8,426 




12, 481 

53, 478 

14 

3 

4,828 

1,445 

3,615 

25, 643 

35 

3 

755 

343 

18, 451 

22 

4,080 

39, 319 

49 

5,641 

173 




4,045 


16, 526 
54, 614 


New York 




1,136 




3 


12 

88 

2, 031 


26 


North Dakota 


387 

863 

25 


481 


Ohio 


7,722 


Oklahoma 




1,470 


Oregon.. 


600 




4,215 


Pennsylvania 


10, 431 


57 
214 


36, 131 






249 


South Carolina 






3 


South Dakota.. 


628 
6 


799 


25 


2,207 




349 


Utah . 


780 




19, 231 
1,585 


Vermont 




1,563 






134 

455 

186 

2,376 

9 


4,220 
42, 794 




3,020 

22, 367 
45 








235 




3,199 
19 


33, 583 




246 






Total: 

November 1938 

November 1937 


306, 222 
360, 610 


72, 915 
80, 821 


64, 135 
80, 322 


69, 797 
75, 875 


513, 069 
597, 537 



Receipts of Dressed Poultry at 4 Markets, by State of Origin, 
November 1938 



State of origin 


New York 


Chicago 


Philadel- 
phia 


Boston 


Total, 4 
markets 




Pounds 

21 

177, 990 

308, 370 

377, 575 

1,086 

88,868 

1,156 

967 

849 

144, 105 

2, 405, 386 

370, 722 

7, 267, 922 

2, 812, 353 

20, 160 

49, 778 

135 

16, 292 

536, 249 

139, 946 

4, 951, 454 


Pounds 

105 

469 

458 

147, 638 


Pounds 


Pounds 


Pounds 
126 








178, 459 






63, 076 

233,021 

2,357 


371, 904 






758, 234 






3,443 






233 


89, 101 








1,156 




160 






1,127 








849 






62, 124 

2/8, 057 

55, 559 

1,007,111 

173, 345 


110, 261 
740, 170 
111,913 
1, 685, 638 
428, 199 


316, 490 




1, 022, 142 

33,011 

5, 887, 170 

506, 644 

10,512 


4, 445, 755 


Indiana 


571, 205 




15, 847, 841 




3, 920, 541 




30, 672 








49, 778 








34, 709 
86, 049 


34,844 






1,142 


103, 483 






536, 249 




36, 519 

3, 975. 152 

786 

958, 642 

18, 789 

492, 619 


32, 355 
1, 542, 739 


46, 949 
1, 478, 666 


255, 769 




11,948,011 




786 




1, 573, 551 


319, 194 


461, 921 


3, 343, 308 




18, 789 




1, 286, 340 
20, 462 


81, 026 


404, 567 


2. 264, 582 




20, 462 








130, 661 
1,203 


130, 661 




169, 590 


77, 392 

580 

20, 737 




248, 185 






580 




1, 044, 599 
734 

1, 609, 700 
293, 598 

2, 297, 103 
828, 806 
320, 089 




80, 820 


1, 146, 156 




20, 000 
120, 577 


20, 734 




1, 504, 626 

42, 002 

801, 655 

272, 346 


1, 607, 143 


4, 842, 052 


Ohio 


335, 600 




434, 147 
32, 803 


315, 025 

324, 463 

265 

34 


3, 847, 930 




1, 458, 418 




320, 354 








34 




260 

2, 004, 180 

266, 248 

2, 940, 871 

791, 245 

275, 140 

667, 332 

133, 236 

1,005 

81, 509 






260 




1, 913, 037 

1,283 

1, 099, 223 

67, 178 


282, 123 


503, 915 


4, 703, 255 




267, 531 




961, 373 


950, 810 
176, 800 
83, 506 


5, 952, 277 


Utah 


1, 035, 223 






358, 646 






34, 466 


701, 798 




30, 649 




163, 885 




2,639 




3,644 




640, 322 
17,247 


106, 284 


828, 115 






17, 247 


Total: 

November 1938. 
November 1937. 


36, 276, 988 
36, 133, 536 


19, 579, 123 
14, 587, 978 


5, 471, 013 
5. 579, 149 


10, 168, 425 
9, 387, 758 


71, 495, 549 
65, 688, 421 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



309 



Grain 



Weekly Weighted Price per Bushel of Reported Cash Sales 
November 1938, With Comparisons of Monthly Averages 

Wheat 





Weekly averages 


Monthly 


averages 


Market and grade 


Oct. 

31- 

Nov. 

5 


Nov. 
7-12 


Nov. 
14-19 


Nov. 
21-26 


Nov. 

28- 

Dec. 

3 


1937, 
Nov. 


1938 




Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


CHICAGO 

Hd. Winter No. 2.. 

No. 3.. 
Red Winter No. 2__ 


Cents 
64.0 

~67."6~ 
61.2 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 
64.0 
64.2 


Cents 
96.4 
95.3 
90.2 
90.4 


Cents 
66.2 
65.8 
66.9 
64.2 


Cents 
67.2 
65.0 
67.3 
65.9 


Cents 
64.0 
62.1 
67.0 


No. 3.. 






64.0 




61.5 


MINNEAPOLIS 








Dk. No. Spr. Heavy 
No. 1-. 

Dk. No. Spring. .No. 1.. 
No. 2.. 


72.6 
71.1 
70.0 


82.2 
72.9 
69.2 


74.0 
73.2 
70.8 


77.3 
73.3 
72.1 


74.4 
74.3 
73.4 


113.6 
115.3 
111.5 


77.3 
76.2 
74.1 
71,0 
75.3 

68.9 


74.4 
73.3 
71.5 
64.0 
68.1 

65.5 


75.3 
73.1 
71.0 


No. 2— 












109.5 
100.2 




Hd. Amber Durum 

No. 2.. 


62.7 


65.1 


64.6 


65.8 


67.9 


64.9 


KANSAS CITY 




















Dk. Hd. Winter.No. 2.. 

No. 3.. 
Hd. Winter No. 2.. 

No. 3.. 


68.2 
66.0 
63.7 
62.5 


67.2 

66.7 
63.5 
62.4 


68.8 
66.9 
64.2 
62.8 


66.8 
65.8 
63.3 
61.4 


69.7 
68.2 
64.9 
63.1 


97.1 
96.3 
94.2 
91.7 


68.9 
67.0 
65.7 
63.5 


68.9 
67.7 
64.7 
63.3 


67.7 
66.2 
63.3 
62.1 


ST. LOUIS 




















Hd. Winter.. ..No. 2 














69.0 
67.1 
65.4 


67.9 
68.5 
66.0 




Red Winter No. 2__ 

No. 3.. 


66.1 
63.7 


66.0 
65.1 


66.7 
64.2 


65.0 
63.9 


66.5 
65.3 


93.2 
90.2 


65.8 
64.1 


SIX MARKETS > 




















By classes (all grades) 




















Hd. Red Spring 

Durum... _. 


68.9 
64.8 
55.4 
62.7 
60.5 
64.4 


70.7 

65.9 
55.2 
62.3 
61.4 
64.8 


70.0 

65.9 
54.1 
62.8 
60.9 
65.2 


70.3 

67.4 
54.9 
62.2 
60.6 
65.0 


70.9 
69.2 
56.1 
63.1 
62.3 
65.9 


98.8 
98.3 
87.4 
92.0 
81.7 
93.5 


71.7 
71.4 
57.7 
64.5 
62.1 
68.3 


69.6 
67.8 
56.0 
63.3 
62.3 
65.3 


69.9 
66.3 


Red Durum 


54.7 


Hd. Red Winter 

Soft Red Winter. 

All classes and grades.. . 


62.4 
60.8 
64.9 


Winnipeg (cash close) 
No. Spring No. 1.. 

No.3». 


57.9 
51.3 


58.3 

51.7 


59.7 
53.1 


58.6 
51.4 


59.2 
51.4 


135.0 
110.6 


62.9 

57.8 


60.9 

54.7 


58.6 
51.7 



Corn 



CHICAGO 

White No. 2. 

No. 3. 

Yellow No. 2. 

No. 3. 

KANSAS CITY 

White No. 2. 

No. 3. 
Yellow.. No. 2. 

No. 3. 

ST. LOUIS 

White No. 2. 

No. 3. 

Yellow ..No. 2. 

No. 3. 

FIVE MARKETS ' 

All classes and grades.. 



44.7 
42.6 
44.5 
42.8 



43.0 



41.5 



45.0 



43.7 
43.0 



47.6 
46.6 



45.3 



43.8 



47.5 
46.0 



49.5 
48.2 
48.4 
46.7 



47.2 
46.5 
46.2 



49.3 



48.4 
48.1 



42.9 45.8 47.2 46.4 



49.2 
48.3 

48.1 
46.5 



46.8 



46.3 
46.0 



48.2 



47.6 
47.0 



52.3 
51.4 
49.3 
48.4 



47.8 
46.Y 



50.2 
49.8 



55.9 
53.6 
55.1 
53.4 



57.0 
56.1 
54.9 
64.1 



55.1 
53.2 
54.8 
53.1 



47. 8 51. 3 



53.6 
53.2 
53.0 
52.7 



50.6 
48.T 



52.5 



53.3 
53.0 



51.7 



46.4 
44.7 
46.4 
44.7 



43.0 



43.8 
43.8 



48.2 



45.0 
44.6 



44.9 



Oats, White 



CHICAGO No. 3. 

MINNEAPOLIS No. 3. 

KANSAS CITY No. 3. 

ST. LOUIS No. 3. 

CHICAGO NO. 2. 

MINNEAPOLIS No. 2. 



24.7 
24.1 

25.5 


26.2 
23.8 
24.6 
26.5 


26.1 

24.7 


26.5 

25.1 


28.0 

25.7 
25.5 
29.8 


31.8 
28.5 
31.5 
32.4 


26.6 

26.0 
25.8 
26.9 


25.4 

24.2 
24.3 
26.0 


27.0 


27.5 







Rye 












45.0 
39.6 






46.0 
40.8 


41.3 


71.7 
68.5 


45.5 
40.5 


45.7 
41.5 


39.4 


40.5 



flaxseed 



MINNEAPOLIS No. 1__ 180.9 181.1 187.2 186.3 185.6 207.3 179.0 184.3 



47.1 
47.1 
46.0 



46.8 
47.2 
45.9 
46.1 



48.5 
49.8 
46.8 
46.7 



45. 8 



26.3 
24.4 
24.6 
27.3 



46.5 
40.2 









Barley 












Minneapolis malting 




















No. 2.. 


50.0 






58.7 


57.3 


77.9 


55.5 


53.7 


56.2 


MINNEAPOLIS No. 2__ 


48.9 


48.7 


52.6 


49.9 


48.8 


70.5 


52.9 


49.7 


49.7 


MINNEAPOLIS No. 3-. 


43.2 


43.9 


47.2 


48.9 


48.3 


68.5 


51.1 


47.5 


46.9 



184.2 



1 Duluth and Omaha included in wheat: Minneapolis and Omaha in corn. 

2 Grade No. 3 Northern Spring at Winnipeg to be used after this issue. 



Weekly Closing Prices of Futures, November 1938, With Com- 
parisons of Monthly Averages 



DECEMBER FUTURES 
Wheat 



Market 



Chicago 

Minneapolis 

Kansas City 

Winnipeg i 

Liverpool ' 



Weekly averages 



Oct. 
31- 

Nov. 
5 



Cents 
64.0 
65.6 
59.9 
57.3 
62.0 



Nov. 
7-12 



Cents 
64.0 
66.4 
59.8 
57.4 
62.0 



Nov. 
14-19 



Cents 
64.0 
66.8 
59.7 
58.9 
63.0 



Nov. 
21-26 



Cents 
62.2 
65.9 
58.6 
57.9 
62.7 



Nov. 

28- 

Dec. 

3 



Cents 
62. 4 
66.8 
59.7 
59.0 
63.5 



Monthly averages 



1937, 
Nov. 



Cents 
90.7 
98.6 
88.3 
112.3 
120.5 



1938 



Sept. Oct. Nov 



Cents 

64.6 

66.5 

60.9 

61.8 

71.4 



Cents 

65.0 

66.3 

61.1 

59.2 

66.7 



Corn 




44.9 
42.1 


47.3 
44.9 


47.9 
45.9 


47.0 
45.4 


47.4 
45.5 


55.0 
52.8 


50.1 
47.2 


45.6 
42.9 


46.9 


Kansas City 


44.8 






Oats 


Chicago 

Winnipeg i 


25.1 
26.5 


25.6 
27.0 


25.7 
27.2 


25.7 
27.2 


26.0 
27.8 


30.3 

44.8 


25.5 
28.0 


25.1 
27.0 


25.6 
27.1 






MAY FUTURES 

Wheat 



Chicago 

Minneapolis. 
Kansas City. 
Winnipeg '.. 
Liverpool '.. 



66.0 


65.9 


66.2 


65.2 


65.7 


90.8 


65.9 


66.3 


67.3 


67.8 


68.2 


67.4 


68.1 


97.9 


67.7 


67 3 


61.4 


61.4 


61.6 


60.7 


61.5 


87.2 


61.6 


62.0 


60.6 


60.5 


61.6 


60.7 


61.6 


110.4 


65.2 


62.5 


62.7 


62.9 


63.9 


63.7 


64.6 


116.3 




J 65. 6 



65.7 
67.7 
61.2 
60.9 
63.4 



Corn 


Chicago 


48.4 
45.2 


50.9 
47.5 


51.4 
48.3 


51.0 
48.2 


51.1 
48.3 


57.6 
55.1 


52.2 
49.3 


48.9 
45.5 


50.6 
47.5 






Oats 


Chicago . 


26.1 
27.8 


26.4 
27.8 


26.7 
27.7 


26.8 
28.0 


27 4 
28.8 


29.9 

43.7 


26.3 
29.9 


25.9 
28.3 


26.6 


Winnipeg ' 


27.9 



i Conversions at current rate of exchange. 2 May futures first. quoted Oct. 13. 



Commercial Grain Stocks Report 

[At the close of the week ended Dec. 17, 1938 '] 
United States Grain in Store and Afloat at Domestic Markets 

Market group 



Atlantic coast 

Gulf coast 

Northwestern and upper lake... 

Lower lake. 

East central 

West central, southwestern, and 

western 

Pacific coast 

Total, current week 

Total, previous week (revised).. 
Total, year ago 



Wheat 


Corn 


Oats 


Rye 


Barley 


1,000 bu. 


l,000bu. 


1,000 bu. 


l,000bu. 


l.OOObu 


1,512 


726 


66 


67 


28 


7,728 


1,106 


5 


13 


4 


21,361 


7,796 


9,258 


5,108 


6,748 


36, 072 


22, 605 


4,696 


2,550 


4,091 


4,964 


3,692 


1,344 


80 


84 


52, 702 


12, 068 


1,681 


561 


646 


7.674 


40 


95 


4 


4,424 


132,013 


48, 033 


17,145 


8,383 


16,025 


133. 878 


47, 224 


17. 142 


8,013 


16.256 


100, 230 


31,987 


25, 521 


5, 100 


12, 197 



Flax 



1,000 bu. 









769 

749 

802 



United States Bonded Grain in Store and Afloat at Canadian Markets 



Total, current week 

Total, previous week (revised).. 
Total, year ago 



359 


4.937 


1,399 


24 





459 


5, 362 


1,401 


24 





1,443 


1,075 


3,834 


681 






Total North American Commercial Grain Stocks 



Current week 

Previous week (revised) . 
Year ago 



303, 067 
305, 184 
161,812 



52, 970 
52, 586 
33, 062 



27, 267 
27,312 
39, 019 



10,437 
10, 001 
7,090 



23, 594 
23. 521 
23, 051 



1,070 
1,091 
1,299 



Stocks as reported at the close of business on Friday or Saturday. 



310 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



Feed-Seeds 



Prices of Feedstuffs at Important Markets, November 1938 ' 

[Per ton, bagged, in carlots, sight-draft basis] 



Commodity 


a 
o 

o 


O 
1 


.5 

Q, 
'a; 


3 


o 

tuo 

cO 

s 

o 


<D 
M 
3 
C3 

1 


o 

a 

CO 
CD 
□ 

a 


03 

a 
a 
'co 
a 

O 


'3 

o 
hi 

C/3 


Wheat millfeeds: 


Dot. 


Dot. 

22. 00 


Dot 

21.40 


Dot. 

18. 60 


Del. 
17.20 


Dot. 

17.00 


Dot. 

15.20 


Dot. 


Dot. 








16.00 




22. 70 


22.80 
25. 40 


21.80 
24.50 


18. 90 
20.60 


17. 50 
19. 60 


17.20 
19.60 


15.20 
17.10 








23.10 
22.90 








18.90 


Oilseed meals: 

Cottonseed meal (43 percent). 
Cottonseed meal (41 percent). 










29. 60 
27.40 
39.60 


27.40 
41.30 


30.70 
30.10 
38.50 




30.90 


30.20 




29.80 
39.00 


27.00 
41.16 

21.20 

19^90 
25. 10 
20.20 


26.40 
42. 10 




41.50 

24.20 
30. 20 
23.90 

L'S Ml 
23.10 


41.60 
28.50 

23.20 

23~66 


39.50 

23.10 
22." 90 




Soybean meal (41 percent)— . 
Miscellaneous: 

Gluten feed. 

Gluten meal. - _- 

Hominy feed, white 

Dried grains, distillers' 

Dried grains, brewers' 

Tankage, digester (60 per- 


26.80 

22.20 
28.20 
22.30 
27.00 
18.80 


24.40 

18.10 
24. 10 
18.30 
27.10 
17.60 

48.50 
43.50 
23.10 


24.60 

19.20 
26.20 


27.00 

21.40 
28.40 


24.20 

18.10 
24.20 





21.70 


17.00 


47.00 
42. 50 
2i.50 


18.30 










45.40 






Alfalfa meal, No. 1 (fine) 














22.00 


Commodity 


O 

CO 

a 

CO 

M 


CO 



< 


w 

2 
p. 


© 

S 

Dot. 
17.80 


o 

O 


CD 

> 

a 

CO 

A 

Dot. 

15.60 


a 

CO 

•a 

be 

O 


CO 

a 
o 

Dot. 


o 
o 

'o 
□ 

03 

□ 
CO 

GO 
Dot. 


a 
cc ti 

— CO 

o 


Wheat millfeeds: _ 


Dot 

13. 60 
15. 60 
16.60 


Dot. 
22.80 


Dot. 

18. 20 


Dot. 

15.40 


Dot. 












25.90 


20.60 


22.70 


19.80 
17.60 

32.40 






25.60 
20. 90 

27.40 


22.10 




15.40 
34.80 


21.60 
24.45 


17.40 


Oilseed meals: 

Cottonseed meal (43 percent). 


29.70 
28.40 

42.90 






27.00 


31.40 


Cottonseed meal (41 percent). 


26.30 
24. 3C 


21.80 




Cottonseed meal (36 percent). 












Linseed meal (37 percent) — 




47.70 


46.30 














45.40 








Linseed meal (30-32 percent) . 












41.80 
33.30 


37.30 
33.00 


37.70 


Sovbean meal (41 percent).. . 


26.50 

18.10 
24.20 












32.50 


Miscellaneous: 


25. 10 




22.30 


24.00 


















22.80 
24.90 




21.80 


























Tankage, digester (60 per- 


48.00 
43. 00 
19. 00 


































Alfalfa meal, No. 1 (fine) 












19. 00 


19.80 



















i Prices are simple averages of 1 day's quotation each week. 



Alfalfa Meal: 



Commercial Production, 1938-39, With 
Comparisons ' 



Month 


1938-39 


1937-38 


1936-37 


1935-36 


1934-35 


1933-34 


June 


1,000 tons 
30 
2« 
30 

«24 
31 

2 22 


1,000 tons 
32 
31 
38 
33 
31 
31 


/ ,000 tons 
30 
27 
37 
36 
26 
34 


1,000 tons 
21 
27 
20 
19 
27 
21 


1 ,000 tons 
26 
24 
23 
21 
19 
17 


1,000 tons 
28 


July... 


23 


August 


20 


September 


21 


October. 


25 


November 


20 






Total, 6 months 


2 165 


196 


190 


135 


130 


137 


December 




24 
24 
17 
16 
12 
18 


34 

37 
32 
23 
19 
20 


19 
18 
18 
19 
16 
16 


17 
11 
11 
12 
14 
16 


18 






18 






14 






13 






14 






17 








Total, 12 months 




307 


355 


241 


211 


231 



1 Revised. 



2 Preliminary. 



Distillers Dried Grains: Production, 1938-39, With Comparisons 



Month 


1938-39 


1937-38 


1936-37 


1935-36 


July 


Tons 
9,000 
9,600 
10, 500 
14, 000 
2 15, 600 


Tons 
10, 600 
12, 000 
12, 300 

12, 200 

13, 700 


Tons 
22, 100 
20, 500 
20, 900 
23, 100 
22, 200 


Tons 
14,300 
14 100 


August 


September 


14, 800 
16 700 


October 


November 


17,800 




Total, 5 months 


2 58, 700 


60, 800 


108, 800 


77 700 






December 




14, 400 
16, 900 
14, 400 
14, 600 
12, 500 
12, 100 
10. 700 


25, 700 
21, 300 
14, 400 
24, 400 
22,500 
21, 900 
20, 200 


18 700 


January 




19 200 


February 




17 900 


March 




20, 200 
21 200 


April 




May. 




21 700 


June 




24 000 








Total, 12 months. 




156, 400 


259, 200 


220, 600 



1 Revised. 



'• Preliminary. 



Imports of Forage Plant Seeds 
Permitted Entry Into the United States Under the Federal Seed Act 



Kind of seed 



Alfalfa 

Bluegrass, Canada 

Brome, smooth 

Clover, alsike 

Clover, crimson 

Clover, red 

Clover, white 

Fescue, meadow 

Grass, orchard 

Mixtures, alsike and timothy 

Mixtures, alsike, timothy and 

red clover 

Rape, winter 

Ryegrass, Italian 

Ryegrass, perennial 

Timothy 

Vetch, common 

Vetch, hairy 

Vetch, Hungarian... 



November 



1938 



Pounds 

247, 500 

4,000 

214, 500 

700 



100 
479, 100 



485, 700 
200 



1,064,300 



49, 700 
100 



98, 600 



1937 



Pounds 
730, 600 
15, 600 
102, 500 
93, 000 
132, 000 
315, 900 
359, 200 



6,700 



870, 700 
261, 300 
242, 500 



88, 000 
43, 600 



Julv 1, 1938. 

to Nov. 30, 

1938 



Pounds 

i 372, 900 

■ 4, 000 

i 496, 000 

i 700 

2 4, 479, 200 

3 162, 800 

• 812, 300 

' 11,800 

» 1, 368, 800 

'200 

' 7, 400 

' 3, 982, 400 

» 2, 300 

» 192, 800 

io 200 

11 868,500 

12 4, 466, 400 



Julv 1, 1937, 

to Nov. 30, 

1937 



Pounds 

1, 357, 000 

22, 300 

223, 900 

271,000 

1, 706, 700 

987, 500 

1, 025, 300 



45, 100 
79,300 



1, 722, 600 
564, 600 
464, 300 

1,300 

2, 044, 200 
12 4, 435, 100 

284, 200 



Not Subject to the Federal Seed Act 



Bentgrass 


600 


1,000 


2,800 

7,100 

201, 300 

1,500 


8,100 


Bluegrass, annual 




Bluegrass, rough 


109, 100 
1,100 


112,000 


286, 200 
1, 100 


Bluegrass, wood 


Clover, strawberry 


200 


200 


Clover, subterranean 


200 

2,100 

100 

43,600 

48, 600 

100 

4,400 


900 
31, 600 

100 
453, 100 
101, 000 

100 
12, 900 
12, 300 
94, 400 
23, 500 
1,700 
47, 900 
31, 900 
20,100 
44, 300 


300 


Clover, suckling.. 




10, 300 


Dogtail, crested 


9,100 
12, 200 
23, 000 


15, 500 
524, 800 


Fescue, Chewings 


Fescue, other 


56,900 


Foxtail, meadow 




Grass, Bahia 






Grass, carpet 




200 


Grass, Dallis 


400 

1, 500 

1,300 

26, 100 

100 

2,000 

11, 100 


31,300 


64, 600 


Grass, Guinea . 




Grass, molasses 


3,300 


3,300 


Grass, rescue 


1,100 


Grass, Rhodes 


3,800 


20,300 


Grass, velvet 


800 


Medick, black 


11, 100 


32, 800 


Mixtures, grass 


4,200 


Sweetclover. 


2, 597, 600 


1, 232, 400 


4, 734, 300 
100 


3, 703, 700 


Trefoil, birdsfoot 




Vetch, purple 






500 


Wheatsrass, crested. 


46, 900 


1,400 
2,500 


184, 600 

18, 100 

200 


24,300 


Wheatgrass, slender 


2,500 


Yarrow, common. 







i From Canada. 

2 4,478,700 pounds from Hungary; 500 pounds from Great Britain (of French origin). 

2 142,900 pounds from France; 11,000 pounds from Poland; 8,800 pounds from 
Canada; 100 pounds from New Zealand. 

• 502,800 pounds from Poland; 135,300 pounds from Czechoslovakia; 106,100 pounds 
from Hungary; 32,700 pounds from France (of Polish origin); 17,500 pounds from the 
Netherlands (of Chechoslovakian origin); 13,300 pounds from Great Britain; 2,200 
pounds from Germany (of Czechoslovakian origin); 2,200 pounds from Denmark; 
200 pounds from New Zealand. 

8 From Denmark. 

9 1,232,900 pounds from Denmark; 135,800 pounds from Great Britain (of Danish 
origin); 100 pounds from New Zealand. 

'2,379,500 pounds from the Netherlands; 851,100 pounds from Hungary; 639,000 
pounds from Japan; 110,200 pounds from Switzerland (of Rumanian origin); 2,600 
pounds from Oreat Britain. 

» 2,000 pounds from Northern Ireland; 200 pounds from New Zealand; 100 pounds 
from Australia (of New Zealand origin). 

9 90,600 pounds from Northern Ireland; 63,300 pounds from Great Britain (57,600 
pounds of Northern Irish origin); 22,700 pounds from New Zealand; 16,000 pounds 
from Denmark; 200 pounds from Australia (100 pounds of New Zealand origin). 

io From Great Britain. 

» 868.000 pounds from Hungarv; 500 pounds from New Zealand. 

■2 2,853,100 pounds from Hungary; 1,547,200 pounds from Czechoslovakia; 33,000 
pounds from Germany (of Hungarian origin); 33,100 pounds from Sweden. 

n Incorrectly reported Dec. 1, 1937 as 5,245,100 pounds. 



December 1938 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



311 



Cotton 



Average Price of Middling Spot Cotton at 10 Markets, November 

1929-38 



Market 


1929 


1930 


1931 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


1937 


1938 


Norfolk 


Cents 
17.31 
16.98 
16.98 
16.34 
17.19 
16.29 
16.22 
16.08 
17.00 
17.09 


Cents 
10.61 
10.22 
10.36 
9.90 
10.63 
9.59 
9.47 
9.63 
10.22 
10.30 


Cents 
6.33 
6.16 
6.13 
5.73 
6.32 
5.69 
5.57 
5.61 
5.90 
6.02 


Cents 
6.32 
6.31 
6.21 
5.90 
6.12 
5.82 
5.75 
5.68 
6.01 
6.05 


Cents 
9.90 
9.80 
9.81 
9.48 
9.74 
9.54 
9.46 
9.44 
9.69 
9.69 


Cents 
12.55 
12.56 
12. 58 
12.34 
12.59 
12.27 
12.27 
12.18 
12.63 
12.61 


Cents 
12.00 
11. 83 
11.87 
11.51 
12.00 
11.72 
11.64 
11. 45 
11.84 
11.85 


Cents 
12.41 
12.50 
12. 45 
11.97 
12.21 
11.73 
11.66 
11.72 
12.04 
11.96 


Cents 
8.12 
8.10 
8.05 
7.91 
7.98 
7.82 
7.73 
7.30 
7.70 
7.67 


Cents 
8.98 


Augusta 


9.05 


Savannah 

Montgomery 

New Orleans. . 

Memphis 

Little Rook 

Dallas 


8.90 
8.56 
8.72 
8.48 
8.36 
8.28 


Houston 

Galveston 


8.59 
8.57 


Average .. 


16.75 


10.09 


5.95 


6.03 


9.65 


12.46 


11.77 


12.06 


7.84 


8.65 



Average Premiums for Staple Lengths of the Grade No. 5 or 
Middling, Dec. 2, 1938, With Comparisons 



No. 5 short staple 

Length in inches 
lMe- 

m — 

1M6 

1H-- - 



New Orleans 



Dec. 2, 
1938 



Cents 



Points 

90 

165 

i 290 

1465 



Dec. 3, 

1937 



Cents 
8.12 

Points 

140 

225 

i 325 

'450 



Dec. 4, 
1936 



Cents 
12.55 

Points 

160 

245 

1320 

1395 



Memphis 



Dec. 2, 
1938 



Cents 
8.45 

Points 

75 

190 

315 

550 



Dec. 3, 
1937 



Cents 
7.90 

Points 
125 
250 
350 
510 



Dec. 4, 
1936 



Cents 
12.15 

Points 
180 
280 
355 
465 



1 Nominal. 



Comparative Cotton Prices for October and November 



CENTS 

PER 
POUND 



I I I 

Middling average 
the ten designated _ 
spot markets < 




3 5 7 10 12 14 17 19 21 24 26 28 31 2 4 7 9 II 14 16 IB 21 Z3 25 28 30 

OCTOBER NOVEMBER 

* DECEMBER FUTURES 



Stocks of American Cotton at European Ports 

[Compiled from commercial reports] 





Dec. 


Dec. 


Dec. 


Dec. 


Dec. 


Dec. 


Dec, 


Dec. 


5-year 


At— 


5, 


9, 


8, 


7, 


6, 


4, 


3, 


2, 


aver- 




1913 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


1937 


1938 


age' 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




bales 


bales 


bales 


bales 


bales 


bales 


bales 


bales 


bales 


Liverpool 


586 


356 


431 


215 


229 


252 


442 


449 


314 


Manchester 


64 


65 


44 


31 


48 


42 


96 


67 


52 


Continent 


685 


854 


1,045 


497 


298 


371 


473 


513 


537 


Total.... 


1,335 


1,275 


1,520 


743 


575 


665 


1,011 


1,029 


903 



' 1933-37. 



Stocks of Egyptian cotton at Alexandria, Egypt, on December 
2, were reported to be 398,000 bales of approximately 750 pounds 
gross weight, compared with 305,000 bales on December 3, 1937. 

Stocks of Indian cotton at Bombay, India, on December 2, 
were reported to be 609,000 bales of approximately 400 pounds 
gross weight, compared with 530,000 bales on December 3, 1937 



Exports of American Cotton and linters 

Aug. 1 to Dec. 9, 1938, With Comparisons 

[Compiled from Government and commercial reports] 



To- 



Great Britain.. 

France 

Germany 

Italy 

Japan 

Spain 

Belgium 

Canada 

Other countries 

Total 



Aug. 1- 

Dec. 5, 

1913 



Bales 

1, 580, 386 

678, 322 

1, 409, 392 

192, 730 

143, 002 

130, 314 

85, 683 

1 24, 724 

103, 373 



4, 347, 926 



Aug.l- 

Dec. 6, 

1935 



Bales 
657, 970 
356, 541 
385, 841 
174, 773 
689, 734 
94, 549 
82, 306 
69, 557 
277, 643 



2, 788, 914 



Aug. 1- 

Dec. 11, 

1936 



Bales 
527, 999 
420, 119 
357, 490 
131,092 
728, 035 



67, 028 
117, 141 
260, 970 



2, 609, 874 



Aug. 1- 

Dec.10, 

1937 



Bales 
905, 150 
486,042 
511, 178 
244, 869 
104, 772 



99, 873 
123, 647 
424,821 



2, 900, 352 



Aug. 1- 

Dec.9, 

1938 



Bales 
236, 219 
287, 157 
254, 180 
152,490 
401, 037 
1,000 
47, 190 
129, 503 
294, 357 



1, 803, 133 



4-year 
average 
1934-37 



Bales 
595, 603 
362, 261 
365, 577 
186. 363 
578, 164 
48, 561 
69, 865 
96, 508 
299, 905 



2, 602, 807 



Percent 

this 

year 

is of 

4-year 

average 



Percent 
39.7 
79.3 
69.5 
81.8 
69.4 
2.1 
67.5 
134.2 
98.2 



9.3 



■ Exports to Canada are for the period Aug. 1 to Oct. 31. 



Imports of Foreign Cotton 

Aug. 1 to Nov. 30, 1938, With Comparisons 
[500-pound bales] 



Country of pro- 
duction 



Egypt 

Peru 

China 

Mexico 

India 

Other countries 

Total 



1913-14 



14, 076 
4,827 
2,278 
4,924 
1,956 
23 



28,(184 



1934-35 



26, 729 

317 

565 

1,018 

10, 084 

5 



38, 718 



1935-36 



19, 491 

105 

1,023 



9,078 
47 



29, 744 



1936-37 



19, 419 
142 
2,361 
6,594 
11, 734 
452 



40, 702 



1937-38 



18, 942 
414 

3,193 
758 

7,100 
952 



31,359 



1938-39 



14, 931 
124 
23, 603 
8,395 
7,061 
43 



54,157 



5-year 
average, 
1933-34 

to 
1937-38 



23, 557 

625 

1,746 

1, "05 

9.402 

318 



37, 380 



Percent 

this 

year 

is of 

5-year 

average 



63.3 
19.8 
,351.8 
492.4 
75.1 
13.5 



144.9 



American Cotton Consumption 

November 1938, With Comparisons 
[Exclusive of linters] 



Month 


1913-14 


1934-35 


1935-36 


1936-37 


1937-38 


1938-39 


5-year 
average 
1933-34 

to 
1937-38 


Percent 
this 

year is 
of 5- 
year 

average 


Aug. 

Sept 

Oct 

Nov 


Bales 
432, 350 
442, 435 
511,923 
456, 356 


Bales 
418,941 
294, 696 
523, 032 
480. 081 


Bales 
408, 325 
450, 647 
552, 840 
512,312 


Bales 
575, 014 
629, 767 
651,086 
625, 794 


Bales 
603. 617 
601, 305 
524, 188 
482, 976 


Bales 
561, 406 
534, 037 
542, 778 
596, 289 


Bales 
518, 960 
495, 179 
551,040 
515, 282 


Percent 
108.1 
107.8 
98.5 
110.6 


Total 4 

mos_. 

Dec 


1, 843, 064 
456, 262 
517, 299 
456,231 
493, 354 
499, 646 
466, 744 
446, 145 
448, 333 


1, 716, 750 
417,344 
550, 553 
480, 339 
482, 373 
468, 402 
470,412 
383, 982 
390, 712 


1, 924, 124 
499, 773 
590, 484 
515,977 
550, 641 
576, 762 
530. 894 
555, 449 
607, 056 


2,481,661 
694, 841 
678, 786 
665, 677 
776, 942 
718, 975 
669, 665 
680, 521 
583, 011 


2,212,086 

432, 328 

433, 258 
426, 866 
512,626 
413, 169 
426, 149 
443, 043 
448, 453 


2, 234, 510 


2, 080, 461 
478, 362 
552, 220 
513, 181 
573, 490 
537, 980 
523,284 
485, 251 
477, 837 


107.4 


Jan 






Feb 






Mar 






Apr 






May 






June 






July 












Total.. 


5, 626, 078 


5, 360, 867 


6, 351, 160 


7,950,079 


5,747,978 




6, 222, 066 











Linters consumed during the month of November 1938 
amounted to 66,822 bales compared with 72,109 bales in October 
and 57,619 bales in November 1937. Linters consumed during 
the 4 months ended November 30, amounted to 280,140 bales in 
1938 and 277,067 bales in 1937. 



312 



CROPS AND MARKETS 



Vol. 15, No. 12 



PRODUCTION OF SELECTED CROPS 1937, 1938, AND AVERAGE 1927-36 



10 



CORN 

BUSHELS ( BILLIONS) 
1 2 



WHEAT 

BUSHELS (MILLIONS) 
200 400 600 800 1,000 




OATS 

BUSHELS ( MILLIONS) 
200 400 600 800 1.000 











i 

AV.*-*- 
1 




y/////////////^ 


vyyy 


















1 I 



RICE 

BUSHELS ( MILLIONS) 
20 30 40 



50 





i 

-< — AVJ 
i 


k 




W//// 










B^HGBSHHRI 




| 





TOBACCO 

POUNDS ( MILLIONS) 
300 600 900 1,200 1.500 




50 



BARLEY 

BUSHELS ( MILLIONS) 

100 150 200 250 300 















<a— 


AV.* 


^^Mi^nii^^i 




i i i i 



















COTTON ( LINT ) 

BALES (MILLIONS) 
5 10 15 



20 









i 

«— AV.* 

1 






nm 




| | 























20 



HAY ( ALL) 

TONS ( MILLIONS) 

40 60 80 



100 











+—AV.* 

/ 
/ 

\ 


^^^^^^^^^ 


1 1 1 




1 1 1 





| Average 1927-36 E22 1937 



1938 



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



NEG. 34856 BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 



U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1939