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BENNO LOEWY 

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http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924082209440 



A HISTORY 



OF THE 



NEW YORK STAGE 



Copyright, igoj 
By Dodd, Mead and Company 

Published, January, igoj 



UNIVERSITY PRESS • JOHN WILSON 
AND SON • CAMBRIDGE, U. S. A. 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Coliseum i 

City Assembly Rooms i 

Chinese Rooms i 

Broadway Casino i 

Buckley's Minstrel Hall 2 

Melodeon 2 

Barnum's New Museum 3 

Washington Hall 8 

Charley White's Opera House 8 

National Hall 8 

Art Union Rooms 9 

Art Union Concert Hall 9 

St. Nicholas Exhibition Room 9 

Academy Rooms 9 

NiBLo's Saloon 9 

White's Varieties 14 

St. Charles Theatre 17 

Old Stuyvesant 18 

Donaldson's Opera House 19 

Canterbury 19 

Franconi's Hippodrome 19 

Empire Hall 21 

Santa Claus 21 

Maze Garden 21 

Washington Circus 21 

Crystal Palace 22 

Broadway Museum and Menagerie 22 

Washington Hall 23 



vi CONTENTS 



Page 

Apollo Rooms 23 

American Art Union 23 

Franklin Museum 23 

White's Opera House 23 

American Varieties 24 

Academy of Music 24 

Broadway Athenaeum 115 

Buckley's Hall 115 

New Olympic Theatre 116 

Academy of the Drama 118 

Metropolitan Music Hall ii8 

The Olympic 119 

German Theatre 119 

Canterbury Hall 119 

Palace of Mirrors 119 

Broadway Theatre 120 

St. Nicholas Hall 120 

Heller's Salon Diabolique 120 

San Francisco Mdjstrels Hall 120 

White's Athen^um 121 

Metropolitan Theatre 121 

Grand Central Theatre 122 

Tony Pastor's Opera House 122 

Laura Keene's Varieties 123 

Jane English's Theatre 146 

Mrs. John Wood's Olympic Theatre 146 

Hitchcock's Summer Garden 169 

Pete Morris' Varieties 169 

Henry Wood's Marble Hall 169 

The Adelphi 170 

Hoym's Theatre 170 

Tony Pastor's Theatre 171 

People's Theatre 173 

Palace Gardens 187 



CONTENTS vii 



Page 

Nixon's Cremorne Gardens i88 

New Bowery Theatre 189 

New Santa Claus 222 

Harry Whitby & Go's Circus 222 

Joe Pentland's Circus 222 

Irving Hall 222 

Amberg Theatre 224 

Irving Place Theatre 234 

California Menagerie 244 

Fifth Avenue Music Hall 244 

Eustache's Theatre 244 

Theatre Orieni'al 244 

WALtACK's Theatre (Thirteenth Street) 244 

Germania Theatre 303 

Star Theatre 303 

Dodworth Hall 343 

Wood's Minstrel Hall 344 

Wood's Theatre 345 

German Thalia Theatre 347 

Wood's Theatre Comique 347 

Lingard's Theatre 348 

Theatre Comique 348 

Nixon's Alhambra 352 

Hippotheatron 353 

Lent's New York Circus 354 

New Stadt Theatre '. 356 

Windsor Theatre 360 

Hebrew Theatre 376 

Temple of Music 376 

Grand Street Theatre 376 

Chiarini's Circus 376 

ATHENiEUM 376- 

Broadway Athen^um 377 

Lucy Rushton's Theatre 377 



viii CONTENTS 



Page 

Worrell Sisters' New York Theatre 383 

New York Theatre 379 and 386 

Globe Theatre . 388, 393, and 396 

Nixon's Amphitheatre 389 

Broadway Theatre 390 

Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre 390 

Daly's Broadway Theatre 391 

Fox's Broadway Theatre 394 

Heller's Wonder Theatre 394 

Neil Bryant's Opera House 394 

National Theatre 394 

New York Circus 397 

Broadway Novelty Theatre 397 

New Theatre Comique 397 

Old London Street 398 

bunyan hjvll 399 

Fifth Avenue Opera House 399 

Brougham's Theatre 402 _ 

Fifth Avenue Theatre 403 

Fifth Avenue Hall 414 

Minnie Cummings' Drawing Room Theatre 414 

Madison Square Theatre 415 

Hoyt's Madison Square Theatre 436 

Theatre Francaise , . 447 

Lyceum Theatre 461 

Haverly's Theatre . 476 

Fourteenth Street Theatre 493 

Lyric Hall 516 

Steinway Hall 516 

Chase's Hall 521 

Eighth Avenue Opera House 521 

Banvard's Museum 522 

Wood's Museum and Metropolitan Theatre 523 

Wood's Museum and Menagerie 526 



CONTENTS ix 



Page 

Broadway Theatre 541 

Daly's Theatre 545 

Harlem Music Hall 590 

Mount Morris Theatre 590 

Harlem Hall 590 

Alhambra 590 

Hartz's Bijou Theatre 590 

Haymarket 591 

Newmarket 591 

American Nickleodeon 591 

Grand Street Museum 591 

Chickering Hall 591 

Bunnell's Museum 398, 592 and 593 

Great American Museum 593 

Huber's Museum , . . . 593 

The Regent 593 

Fifth Avenue Music Hall 594 

Manhattan Opera House 594 

Miner's Eighth Avenue Theatre 594 

Vercelli's Theatre 594 

The Grand Central 594 

Chateau Mabille Varieties 594 

Mead's Midget Hall 595 

Brewster Hall 595 

Columbia Opera House 595 

American Alhambra 595 

Folly Theatre 595 

Central Park Garden 595 

Hart's Summer Theatre 595 

Jerome Theatre 596 

Union League Theatre 596 

Thirty- Fourth Street Theatre 596 

Shay's Opera House 596 

Berry's Opera House 596 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Allemania Hall 596 

Robinson Hall 596 

The Bijou 597 

Parisian Varieties 597 

New York Parisian Varieties 597 

The Criterion 597 

Parisian Vaudeville 597 

Sixteenth Street Theatre . 597 

Mechanics' Hall 597 

Old Skating Rink 597 

American Institute 598 

Pike's Opera House 599 

Grand Opera House 599 



A HISTORY OF THE 
NEW YORK STAG E 



THE COLISEUM 

HE minstrel hall known as The Coliseum was 
situated at 448 Broadway, near Grand Street, in 
the City Assembly Rooms building, and was 
originally a ball-room. It was occupied April 2, 
1851, by White & Horn's Ethiopian Minstrels. 
Buckley's Serenaders appeared here May 29, 1854, 
in the burlesque opera, " Somnambula," with this 
cast: 




Dan Tucker (Rodolphe) W. Percival 
Lazy Joe (Alessio) R. Bishop Buckley 
Gumbo (Elvino) G. Swayne Buckley 



Liza J. J. Mullen 

Aunt Sally (Thereses) T. S. Waddington 
Deam Darkley (a Notary) J. A. Lonsdale 



This house was destroyed by fire Dec. 20, 1854. 



THE CHINESE ROOMS 

A CONCERT hall known as the Chinese Rooms was situated at 
539 and 541 Broadway, west side above Spring Street. The 
Bloomer company gave their first concert in this country here Sept. 
1,1851. They consisted entirely of ladies. The entertainment com- 
prised gems from the opera, English, Scotch, Irish, and French 
songs, ballads, duets, and quartets, and several of the new Bloomer 
waltzes, polkas, etc., and they appeared in Bloomer costume. Mile. 
Nathalie Fitz James, a vocalist from Naples, appeared, and sang 
several songs in costume. The Bloomers closed Sept. 6. 

In February, 1852, the name of this place was changed to The 
Broadway Casino. A " farewell " concert was given at this house 
by W. G. Dietrich, assisted by an orchestra of fifty performers. 
Robert Heller, the magician, made his first appearance in America 
here, Dec. 20, 1852. John E. Owens played here April 4, with his 
entertainment " John Owens' Alpine Rambles," an ascent of Mont 
Blanc, founded on events of his European tour, embodying sketches 



2 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D861 

of men and manners on the Continent, humorous impersonations, 
startling incidents and anecdotes, illustrated by scenery. Mr. Owens' 
appearance as a lecturer was a complete success. 

BUCKLEY'S MINSTREL HALL 

THE Broadway Casino was, in June, 1853, leased by Buckley's 
Minstrels, who gave the place their own name. They con- 
verted it into an elegant theatre, and produced burlesque operas, 
elaborately mounted, handsomely costumed, and admirably sung. 
They remained here three years. G. Swayne Bucltley sang the 
leading tenor r61es, besides giving his specialties in the olio and 
singing in the first part. "Cinderella" had a run of six months. 
Perham's Seven Mile Mirror Panorama was seen here October, 
1853, and afterwards went to Academy Hall. Donetti's acting 
Monkeys, Dogs, and Goats appeared May, 1854. A benefit to the 
Boone Children was given Nov. 2, 1854. Sunday concerts began 
Nov. 19, with Mons. V. Guerin conductor. The Buckleys pro- 
duced the comic opera " Le Chalet, or Swiss Cottage," Oct. 29, 
1855, for the first time in America. Bishop Buckley acted Natz 
Teyk, W. Percival as Corporal Max, and Miss Miller as Lizette. 
Swayne Buckley sang his old laughing song. White's Serenaders 
appeared here Aug. 25, 1856. In the organization were W. Penn 
Lehr, T, Prendergast, Charley White, T. B. Isaacs, W. Vincent, and 
J. Sivori. The latter is still now living in this city and practising 
medicine. He is known as Dr. Wheeler. A company of Chinese 
jugglers appeared here Aug. 11, 1857. Sept. 13, 1858, Charles 
Gayler commenced a series of lectures on the history and progress 
of the French and Spanish Missions among the North American 
Indians. 

This building became notorious as The Melodeon Concert 
Hall. Under the management of Frank Rivers and Geo. Lea, the 
Melodeon Concert Hall became one of the sights of New York. A 
benefit was given to Mike Norton, the special officer of the house, 
Aug. I, when, in addition to the regular concert-hall performances 
" Tom and Jerry " was presented. A number of professional boxers 
had " set-tos," including Mike Norton, Henry Gribbon, and Barney 
Aaron. Norton was afterwards one of our city aldermen, and later 
represented this city in the Assembly at Albany. Lea assumed the 
management Sept. 9, 1861, and opened with a specialty company, 
among whom were : J. H. Ogden, Annetta Galetti and her husband 
(Mons. Velarde), Ronzani, Eva Brent, Ernestine de Faiber, Kate Pen- 
noyer, Adele Calla (Mrs. Zeke Chamberlain), Clara Butler, Gustave 
Theo Bidaux, Ben Yates, C. McMillan, Bob Hart, Denzer Brothers, 
and others. The admission was 13 cents. At the time Mr. Lea 
took charge the place was losing upward of ;^3oo weekly, but by 



1865: BARNUM'S NEW MUSEUM 3 

introducing an array of performers far superior to those in any other 
similar establishment in the city, the tide of fortune soon turned in 
his favor, and in a short time the Melodeon was a money-making 
institution. Sam Cowell, who was then giving entertainments at 
the Art Union with poor success, was engaged by Lea at $1,000 for 
four weeks, a large salary in those days. The " Only Leon," after- 
wards of Kelly and Leon's minstrels, made his first appearance on 
the stage here. Gustave Bidaux, the baritone singer, also made his 
debut here. Notwithstanding the great success of this place, the 
" powers that be " enacted a law against the employment of waiter 
girls in concert halls, and the Melodeon was closed, and remained 
dark until P. T. Barnum leased it. 

George Lea was one of the most successful managers and unsuc- 
cessful financiers ever connected with theatrical business. He had 
places of amusement going in Washington, Baltimore, New York, 
Brooklyn, and Detroit at the same time. Having accumulated a 
fortune, he dabbled in stocks, but Wall Street was too much for him, 
and he left it a loser by over $50,000. Mr. Lea opened a drug 
store in Port Jervis, N. Y. and was local manager of the theatre in 
that city for some time. He died in that city August 20, 1902, from 
infirmities due to old age. He was born in Paris, France, May 9, 
1818. Gustave Bidaux died in Hatboro, N. H., March 5, 1886. 
After having remained unoccupied for some time, the Chinese Build- 
ing was opened in September, 1863, with Van Amburgh's Mena- 
gerie, a collection of wild animals, which remained here during the 
winter of 1863-64. After this it was untenanted until P. T. Barnum 
leased it, and, after making extensive alterations, opened it as Bar- 
num's New Museum. The building was taken down and rebuilt, 
and so promptly was the work accomplished that the establishment 
was ready for business on Wednesday, Sept. 6, 1865. In addition 
to the museum and menagerie, a dramatic company appeared daily. 
The staff of the establishment was as follows : Sole proprietor and 
manager, P. T. Barnum ; assistant manager, S. Hurd ; superinten- 
dent, Sylvester Bleecker ; stage manager, E. F. Taylor. The dra- 
matic corps was: H. F. Daly, T. Hadaway, J. Bridgman, W. L. 
Jamison, J. J. Collins, R. J. Johnson, E. Haviland, M. Vigotty, R. 
Anderson, T. S. Atkins, E. Stevens, and T. Soutain, Mrs. J. J. Prior, 
Mrs. G. Melville, Mrs. W. L. Jamison, Jennie Cleaver, H. Higbie, 
Emma Schell (danseuse), Addie Le Brun, Monell, Le Moyne, Fenton, 
Thompson, Walker, Henry, Hill, and Radford, and a corps de ballet. 

On the opening afternoon and evening, P. T. Barnum delivered 
an address in the lecture room, followed by Marie Macarte in 
classical scenes, entitled "The Passions." W. B. Harrison, the 
extemporaneous singer, came next, followed by Master Timothy 
with a dance on stilts. " Children of Cyprus " was the dramatic 
offering, with this cast : 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Ci86s 



Zoe . . . 

Benmonsoff 

Hassanbad 

Noureddin . 

Pappillo 

Grutnnildra 

Fair Star . 



Mrs. W. L. Jamison 
. . T. Hadaway 
. , . Haviland 
. . R. J. Johnson 
Addie Le Brun 
. . Miss Keheo 
. . Jennie Cleaver 



Sanquinberk H. F. Daly 

Cherry Mrs. J. J. Prior 

Mustapha J. Bridgman 

Alexis W L. Jamison 

Ariana (first appearance on any stage) 
H. Higbie 

Inerine Emma Schell 

Grumnigra .... Mrs. G. Melville 

Among the curiosities in the Museum were Woodroffe's glass- 
blowers, and a mammoth turtle, said to measure 8 ft. and 4 in. tip 
to tip, 7 ft. and 9 in. across his back, and to weigh 1,280 pounds. 
Sept. 18, "Sadak and Kalasrade" was produced. John Hanks 
lectured there every day. "The Roll of the Drum" was given 
Sept. 25, and the infant Ravel appeared in a Spanish dance. Oct. 
2 came "Asmodeus," with the first appearance of Sallie Parting- 
ton as Carlo, and the comedietta " Is He Jealous ? " Noah Orr, 
the giant; Andrew Hansen, the Union soldier giant; and John 
Patterson, born without arms, were added to the curiosities. Oct. 
9 "The Jealous Philosopher" and the play "Wild Kate" were 
seen. On the programmes for the week commencing Oct. 16, 
appeared the following : " This establishment does not advertise in 
The New York Herald." 

Leo Hudson played "Mazeppa" here a few nights, when she 
broke her engagement and Oceana Italia Judah assumed the r61e, 
and Kathleen O'Neil appeared in " An Object of Interest. " Oceana 
was the daughter of Mrs. Emanuel Judah, a celebrated actress who 
made her debut at the Richmond Hill Theatre. There were three 
daughters, — Oceana, professionally known as La Belle Oceana; 
lone, a great spiritualistic medium ; and Mrs. Worrell, mother of 
the Worrell Sisters. Oct. 23 " Victorine " was seen ; Oct. 30, 
"Still Waters Run Deep," with C. W. Clarke as John Mildmay. 
This was Mr. Clarke's first appearance at this house. The farce 
" A Husband in Difficulties " was acted in the afternoons and even- 
ings of that week. " The French Spy " followed, with Oceana as 
the Spy, but it was withdrawn, as the musicians of the theatres of 
New York went on a strike, and proper music was necessary to 
the play. " Mazeppa " was substituted. For the afternoons, " All 
that Glitters is Not Gold," and in the evenings, "Married Rake" 
and "The French Spy;" Nov. 13, for C. W. Clarke's last week, 
" Don Caesar de Bazan. " The dwarf " Gen. Grant " was seen daily ; 
also Lizzie Reed, the midget, the two Albinos, and John Battersby, 
the skeleton. In view of the increasing popularity of the circus, 
Mr. Barnum decided to give both a circus and dramatic entertain- 
ment in his lecture room. A ring was cut in the stage (covered 
with boards during the dramatic performance), and on Nov. 20 a 
combination, including Mr. Master, and Mme. Chas. Sherwood, 
Eaton Stone, J. P. Foster, and Prof. Langworthy appeared. 



isee: BARNUM'S NEW MUSEUM 5 

Charley Sherwood did his act, "Pete Jenkins." Previous to the 
equestrian performance " The Cross of Gold " was acted. 

The following week " The Lady of Munster " preceded the circus. 
Dec. 4 "The Trials of Life" was the opening bill, and Dec. 7, 
" The Queen's Page, or the Idiot of the Castle ; " Dec. 1 1, " Michael 
Erie;" Dec. i8"Darrell the Reprobate, or the Harvest Storm," 
and Eaton Stone, the bareback equestrian, were the attractions; 
Dec. 25, " Dwangee the Arab, or the Fairy Guardian of the Magic 
Well." For the week commencing Jan. i, 1866, an extra perform- 
ance was given, opening at 11 o'clock in the morning. "The 
Orphan Boys of Hungary" was the evening performance. The 
domestic drama, "The White Fawn," was done week of Jan. 8, 
followed, Jan. 15, by the Conklin Brothers added to the circus 
performances, and the comedietta "The Dumb Belle." Charles 
Devere, the slack-rope walker, commenced Jan. 22, with the drama 
" Jessie Gray. " " Elsie " had its first production Jan. 29. "Sons 
of the Republic " was acted Feb. 5, and the last week of the eques- 
trian performances commenced Feb. 12, when "Jessie Gray" was 
played. Feb. 19, the Scriptural historical drama, by Geo. L. 
Aiken, "Moses, or Israel in Egypt," was presented. The Aus- 
tralian Wild Children were on exhibition March 26. "The 
Sphinx " was first seen here April 2 ; the mythological spectacular 
drama, entitled "An Earthquake, or the Spectre of the Nile," was 
seen April 16. The infant drummer, Allie Turner, appeared April 
30. "Claude Marcel, or the Idiot of Tarbes," was done May 14. 
"Bendito, or the Children of the Zincalli," was acted. May 21, 
" Uncle Tom's Cabin " was produced, with Mrs. G. C. Howard in 
her familiar r61e of Topsy. 

Mrs. Howard closed her engagement June 16. " The Drunkard " 
was seen June 18, with C. W. Clarke as Edward Middleton. 
"Charlotte Temple" was played June 25. "The War of 1812" 
began the closing week of the season (July 2), under the sub-title 
of "She Would be a Soldier," by Major M. Noah. The season 
terminated July 7, A summer term commenced July 9, with 
Geo. L. Fox and a pantomime troupe in "Jack and Jill;" Kate 
Pennoyer, T. Cherry, Baily, Whitman, Jerrold, Goodwin, Geo. L. 
Stout, C. K. Fox, Master George Topack, J. L. Lewis, Hancock 
Myers, Odwell, the Misses Newman, Cranfield, and Follett in the 
company. " The Red Gnome and the Four Lovers," July 13 ; " The 
Golden Axe" and "The Frisky Cobbler" July 20. The season 
closed Sept. i, 1866, with "The Magic Barrel," for Geo. L. Fox's 
benefit. The next regular season began Sept. 3, and the following 
is a copy of the programme : 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C'see 



C. W. CLARKE Stage Manager 

MONDAY, SEPT. 3, 1866. 
An Entirely New Dramatic Company. 

M. Levick, H. G. Clarke, J. W. Norris, C. Wesley, G. Mitchell, H. D. 
Guion, R. White, J. Colson, Geo. Brooks, J. Folwell, W. Daly, T. Atkins, Mrs. 
J. J. Prior, Adele Clarke, Miss M. Livingston, Miss Atkins, Mrs. R. G. France, 
Mrs. Massen, Mrs. C. Newman, Mrs. G. Brooks, Miss J. Fenton, Miss Marks, 
Miss Walker. 
George Heilge, scenic artist; W. Demilt, machinist; R. H. Cutler, properties. 

Afternoon at 2. 
" MONEY." 



Alfred Evelyn . . . . C. W. Clarke 
Sir John Vesey . . George Mitchell 
Sir Frederick Blount . . M. Levick 
Captain Dudley Smooth 

Harry G. Clarke 

Graves George Brooks 

Lord Glossmore . . . J. W. Norris 



Stout H. D. Guion 

Sharp Mr. White 

Evelyn's Servant .... Mr. Colson 
Sir John's Servant . . . Mr. Atkins 

Clara Mrs. J. J. Prior 

Lady Franklin . . Mrs. R. G. France 
Georgiana Adele Clarke 



Evening at 8. 
"THE LONE HOUSE ON THE BRIDGE." 



Pascal de le Garde . . . M. Levick 
Baron de Forqueroles, Harry G. Clarke 

Negretti George Mitchell 

Clotilde de Presles Mrs. J. J. Prior 

Eugenie de Garran 

Mrs. George Brooks 



Amadee Jovial 
Captain Roland 
Henri Dorville 
Countess . . 
Colette . . . 
Madeline . . 



Mrs 



George Brooks 
H. D. Guion 
J. W. Norris 
R. G. France 
Adele Clarke 
Mrs. Massen 



Previous to the Play, both Afternoon and Evening, 
FANNY TURNER, Female Drummer, will appear with Master ALLIE 
TURNER, the Infant Drummer. 
DANCE— By the Diminutive Dwarf, GEN. GRANT, JR. 

Among the curiosities was the Gordon Gumming collection of 
several thousands of the heads, horns, tusks, and skins of the 
hippopotamus, rhinoceros, giraffes, elephants, lions, tigers, leop- 
ards and other African animal specimens; Miller's National 
Gallery, bronze portraits of all the Union generals ; Woodroffe's 
glassblowers. Gen. Grant, Jr., Master William Wallace, and Cora 
Ballard, diminutive specimens of humanity, and the Circassian 
girl. Sept. 10 and week, "The Orphan of Geneva" was acted in 
the afternoons, and in the evenings "The Lone House on the 
Bridge." Sept. 17 the domestic drama, byBayle Bernard, entitled 
"Mary Lockwood, or the Thirst for Gold," was seen afternoons 
and evenings. Sept. 24 "Footprints in the Snow" was acted 
afternoons, and " Old Folks at Home " in the evenings. Oct. i, 
G. A'Becket's comedy, "The Lady in Black," for the afternoons, 
and " Our American Cousin " at night. Milnes Levick was the 
Lord Dundreary; Asa Trenchard, Geo. Brooks; Abel Murcott, 



18673 



BARNUM'S NEW MUSEUM 



Harry G. Clarke; Binney, W. H.Daly; Georgiana, Mrs. J. J. Prior; 
Florence, Mrs. George Brooks (now Mrs. Hart Conway); Mary 
Meredith, Adele Clarke. "Ten Nights in a Bar-room " was given 
the week of Oct. 15, followed by "The Sea of Ice" Oct. 22. 
" Rosina Meadows " was played Nov. 10. 

The programme offered for Christmas (Dec. 25), 1866, was as 
follows : 

PERFORMANCES NEARLY EVERY HOUR, DAY AND EVENING. 

Commencing at 10^ a. m. 

AFTERNOON AND EVENING. 

"MAJ. JONES' CHRISTMAS PRESENT." 



Mary Stallings . . Mrs. J. J. Prior 
Mrs. Stallings . . Mrs. R. France 

Kesiah Mrs. Massen 

Caroline . . . Mrs. Geo. Brooks 
Dinah Miss Newman 



Major Joseph Jones . George Brooks 
Dr. Peter Jones . . Harry G. Clarke 

Crotchett J. W. Norris 

Bill Simpson E. Milton 

Bob Moreland . . . . C. Farwell 
Ned Mr. Chapman 

After which, EGYPTIAN DANCE, by EMMA SCHELL. 

MORTIMER WILLIAMS will appear in his great specialty, entitled Half 
Bushel Measure Jig, which will be danced on the INSIDE, OUTSIDE and 
ALL OVER a half bushel measure. Dance, by the Infant Phenomenon, 
EMMA FOSTER. Dance, by the Diminutive Dwarf, GEN. GRANT, JR. 

MORNING. — In the Arena, the Two Humped Bactrian Camel-Zebu, Three 
Horned Bull, Esquimaux Dog, will appear, with description by JOHN FOS- 
TER. The Learned Buffalo will astonish with his performance. The Trick 
Ponies and Performing Monkey will exhibit under the direction of MONS. 
DAVIS. The Modern Grimaldi, JOHN FOSTER, will introduce the EDU- 
CATED MULES. Professor HALL will introduce the performing Elephant, 
JENNY LIND. MONS. DAVIS, the Lion King, will enter the Den of Wild 
Animals. 

"The Last Days of Pompeii" was played July 17. The season 
closed July 20, 1867, and July 22 G. L. Fox and company, from 
the Old Bowery Theatre, played the "Little Boy Blue" pan- 
tomime, remaining until Sept. 7. The season of 1867-68 opened 
Sept. 9, with the following company ; Milnes Levick (stage man- 
ager), C. W. Clarke, T. E. Jackson, G. Mitchell, W. Henderson, 
G. W. Malmberg, John C. Walsh, T. G. Roberts, T. Atkins, S. 
Wright, E. Chapman, R. H. Ellsworth, and L. F. Massen, Mrs. J. 
J. Prior, Mrs. R. G. France, Mrs. Massen, Jenny Walters, Irene 
Gay, Cassie Troy, Fenton, Connolly, Walker, Atkins, Sherman, 
and France. The opening production was " The Man of Destiny, 
or The Stranger's Grave," which ran for two weeks, and was fol- 
lowed for six days with "The Blacksmith's Wife, or the Lost 
Child." C. W. Clarke died Sept. 22, 1867. He made his first 
appearance on the stage at the National Theatre (corner of Leonard 
and Church streets) in 1838. He was at the Park Theatre the 



8 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C'Ssa 

seasons of 1840-43, and in 1843 went to the Bowery Theatre, 
where he remained for a number of years. Sept. 30, a drama, by 
Milnes Levick, called "Pale Janet," was produced, which ran until 
Nov. 4, when "The Earl's Daughter, or the Pride of Birth" took 
its place. "The Green Bushes," "Adam and Eve, or the Sailor's 
Dream," "The Union Prisoner," by Mr. Levick; "Emily Ware- 
ham," by W. C. Burton, and standard comedies were played until 
Dec. 23, when the pantomime of " Little Dewdrop " was produced. 
"Pale Janet" was revived Jan. 20, and Jan. 27 "Nobody's Son" — 
Watts Phillips' play of " Nobody's Child," with another title — was 
presented, with Milnes Levick as Joe. 

Feb. 10 "Little Red Riding Hood, or the Wolf at the Door," 
by F. G. Maeder, was presented. "Uncle Tom's Cabin" was 
revived Feb. 24, with Mrs. G. C. Howard as Topsy. This was 
the last play presented at the Museum. Half an hour after mid- 
night on the morning of Tuesday, March 3, 1868, a fire was dis- 
covered on the third floor, in the southeast corner of the building, 
in the apartment occupied by Van Amburgh's Menagerie. A few 
of the animals on the Broadway side, among them a kangaroo, a 
small leopard, a few monkeys, together with the pelicans and a 
variety of other small birds, were rescued. The cause of the fire 
was attributed to a defective flue. The building was valued at 
;^ 1 50,000, and was insured for ;g62,ooo. The contents belonged to 
Barnum, were valued at 1^400,000, and were insured for one third 
of that amount. The basement of 539 was occupied by Charles 
Gray as a restaurant and oyster saloon. Sigler & Clinton occupied 
the basement of 541 as a sample room. 



A 



WASHINGTON HALL 

CONCERT room called Washington Hall was situated at 

598 Broadway, three doors above Niblo's Garden, and was 

used in 1851 for concerts, panoramas, and miscellaneous entertain- 
ments. In June, i860, Charley White opened with a specialty 
troupe, and called the place Charley White's Opera House. 
He had in his company Kate Partington, Emma Schell, Miss Le 
Claire, Miss Blondell, and others. 

NATIONAL HALL 

THE National Hall was situated at 29-31 Canal Street, three 
doors from Broadway, and was used in the spring of 1852 
for miscellaneous entertainments. 



I8S23 NIBLO'S SALOON 



THE ART UNION ROOMS 

THE Art Union Rooms were located on the west side of 
Broadway (495-497), between Broome and Spring streets, 
and were originally what the name implied, — a place where artistic 
works were exhibited up to 1852, when it was called the Art 
Union Concert Hall. It was used for concerts and other light 
entertainments. Murphy & Peel's Campbell Minstrels appeared 
here March 12, 1854. Luke West, Matt Peel, and Joseph Murphy 
were in the company. Hi Rumsey, the banjo player, was heard 
here March 27. April 10 Charley White took possession with his 
Serenaders, and the place was called the St. Nicholas Exhibition 
Room. April 24 Dun Bowers, an old-time minstrel performer, 
appeared. Dan Emmett and Hugh Donnelly were in the company. 
After being unoccupied for some time, the place was reopened in 
July, 1857, as The Academy Rooms, by J. Herman of Henry Wood 
and Christy's Minstrels. In Ma)', 1858, it was occupied by a con- 
cert company who sang glees, madrigals, and solos on the same 
plan as Evans' Cider Cellars, a well-known London establishment. 
A great favorite here was Tom Watson, a popular English clown 
and comic singer. He came to this country late in 1857, and 
appeared at Laura Keene's Metropolitan Theatre. Early in i860 
he joined Spalding & Rogers' New Orleans Circus, and, after a 
successful season there, visited the principal towns on the Missis- 
sippi River with the same company. It was while thus engaged 
that he became notorious by sailing at different points on the 
Mississippi in a wash tub, pulled by six real geese. He appeared 
at the Art Union Oct. 25, 1885. When in the height of his popu- 
larity he was considered the cleverest clown at that time in the 
country, and commanded the best of engagements and a good 
salary. He, like many others, was his own worst enemy. Gus 
Grant, Fanny Cole, and Julia Price appeared here Oct. 25. Robert 
W. Butler became manager in 1859. He continued for one season, 
and he sold out to R. Smith and Harrison in August, i860. 

NIBLO'S SALOON 

A SMALL concert hall called Niblo's Saloon was situated in 
the same building as Niblo's Garden. For a long time it 
was used for various exhibitions, including concerts, spiritualistic 
meetings, and lectures. M. Paul Jullien gave his first concert in 
America here July 2, 1852. Mr. Bunn, from Drury Lane Theatre, 
London, Eng., made his American debut Oct. 11, 1852, with his 
Pictorial Illustrations of the Genius and Career of Shakespeare. 
L. M. Gottschalk, the pianist, gave a concert Feb. 11, 1853, 
assisted by Rose De Vries, Hoffman, Kyrle, and Mr. Frazier. 



lo A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1859 

Baroness Julie de Berg, a celebrated pianist, made her American 
debut Aug. 27, 1853. She was assisted by Amalia Patti Strakosch, 
Paul Jullien, and H. C. Timm. A concert for the relief of the 
sufferers by the epidemic at New Orleans, La., was given Sept. i, 
by Ole Bull, assisted by Adelina Patti and Maurice Strakosch. 
Mme. Sontag gave a concert Oct. 11, assisted by Carl Eckert, 
Gasparo Pozzolini, Badiali Rocco, Gasparoni, and Paul Jullien. 
Mme. Isadore Clarke, late from Cuba, made her d^but in New 
York Oct. 24, 1854, in concert, assisted by Giovanni Leonanndi, 
his first appearance in America, Henry Appt, solo violinist, Harry 
G. Timm, Jos. Noll, C. Besig, Bergner, P. Eltz, E. Boehm, and 
Bramner A. Herzog. Jan. 20, 1855, a concert was given for the 
poor of the city, by Paul Jullien, Adelina Patti, Sig. Rocco, Sig. 
Bernardi, and August Gockel. 

On May 24, 1856, Signorina Vestvali made her first appearance 
in concert, under the direction of Allen Irving. Mile. Carioli 
gave her first concert in this city Sept. 15, assisted by Carl 
Anschutz and orchestra. Juliana May first appeared in concert 
Sept. 22. Mme. Anna De La Grange gave a concert Sept. 24, and 
was assisted by S. Thalberg and Henri Vieuxtemps. Frezzolini 
made her d6but as a concert singer Oct. 2, and her last concert 
took place here Oct. 30, with Vieuxtemps and Thalberg. Emma 
Stanley made her American debut Nov. 8. Her performance con- 
sisted of a drawing-room entertainment, entitled " The Seven Ages 
of Woman," the object being to exhibit the progress of female life, 
from babyhood to old age. Miss Stanley introduced all kinds of 
national airs, and put on the costumes of all sorts of countries, at 
once showing her own versatility and the abundance and costliness 
of her wardrobe. Her changes were effected with marvellous 
rapidity, so that it would seem as if a dozen persons were engaged 
in doing what she alone effected by her skill and ingenuity. She 
had a charming voice, and sang with admirable taste. She died at 
Bayswater, England, Dec. 11, 1881. 

Stephen C. Massett (" Jeems Pipes of Pipesville ") appeared here 
Sept. 23, 1858. His entertainments consisted of songs, music, 
and chit-chat of travel in foreign land. Father Kemp's Original 
Continental Old Folks' concert company appeared March 30, 
1859. Stephen Massett died in this city August 20, 1898, at St. 
Vincent's Hospital. 

With many alterations and improvements, Niblo's Saloon was 
reopened Nov. i, 1859, by Hooley & Christy's Minstrels, among 
whom were S. C. Campbell (musical director), George Christy 
(stage manager), R. M. Hooley (business manager). Master 
Eugene, Cool White, J. A. Herman, Napier Lothian, J. C. 
Reeves, J. Hilliard, G. W. H. Griffin, J. K. Edwards, A. J. 
flobbs, J. Trique, Byron Christy, and Master Gus Howard. In 



1863: NIBLO'S SALOON II 

January, i860, Christy & Hooley dissolved copartnership. Hooley, 
with nearly every member of the company, went on a travelling 
tour, while Christy continued at this place with another party. 
Hooley & Campbell's Minstrels, who had been performing at 585 
Broadway, appeared here Aug. 27, for the winter. Lloyd's Min- 
strels came here April i. The principals were Billy Birch, D. S. 
Wambold, Charley Fox, August Asche, Herman, Gustave Bidaux, 
H. Wilks, Eastmead, Lehman, Andrews, N. Oehl, W. Bruns, A. 
Breitkopf, C. Blass, Master Albertine, and Cool White. The 
Peak Family of bellringers, harpists, and vocalists made their first 
appearance in New York here Dec. 23, and remained until Jan. 8, 
1862, the only other entertainments being concerts by Gottschalk, 
the pianist, and the artists of the Italian Opera company; magical 
seances, by Prof. Adrien, and French dramatic representations by 
M. Juignet's company. Oct. 25 C. Sage, former director of the 
French Theatre, took a benefit, assisted by Miles. Aline, Costa, 
Berthe Morel, and Maggie Andrews, and MM. Ardivani, Garibaldi, 
Vietoff, and Prosper. The entertainment was principally musical. 
Nov. 25 M. Edgard took a benefit, presenting the vaudevilles of 
" Qui se Disputent s'Adorent," and " A la Bastille," and a cpncert. 
Mr. De Cordova subseqently lectured here on several occasions. 

On Dec. 6, Paul Juignet began a French comedy season, and 
his company included Miles. Marguerite Bouhelier, Anna Ham- 
burg, Natalie Dumas, and Aline Delange, and MM. Ernest 
Gravier, Julian Rosseau, Albert Mary, Dubois, Garton Grande, 
Edgard, and Juignet. The opening entertainment comprised a 
prologue in verse, Theodore Barrifere's " La Feu au Convent," and 
MM. Dupin and Delacour's "Deux Hommes du Nord." These 
representations were repeated every Monday and Saturday, with 
slight interruptions, when the company played in Boston until 
June 5, 1863. Among the most important pieces produced were 
Henri Conscience's "Un Pauvre Gentilhomme," Theodore Barriere 
and Jules Lorin's "Le Piano de Berthe," MM. Lambert-Thiboust 
and Girardin's "L'Onde et I'Ombre," Henri Rochefort's and 
Albert Wolf's "Un Homme de Sud," Dumanoir and Clairville's 
"Triolet a la Recherche d'un Pere," Dumanoir and Dennery's 
"Don Caesar de Bazan," "La Dame aux Cam^lias," "La M^sre 
de la Famille," "Un Tenor Leger," "La Code des Femmes," "Le 
Serment d'Horace," Dumanoir and Clairville's "L'Amoureux de 
Pontoise," About's "Risette, la Millionnaire," De Musset's "Les 
Cheveaux de ma Femme," Cogniard Fr^res' "Bruno le Fileur," 
Balzac's " Mercadet le Faiseur," " Le Chevalier du Guet," MoliSre's 
" Le Depit Amoureux," L6on Battu and Jaime fils' " Lucie Didier," 
" La Pline et le Beau Temps, " " Pas de Fumee Sans Feu, " Offen- 
bach's "La Rose de St. Fleur," and Octave Feuillet's "Peril en 
la Demeure." Jan. 20, 1863, the Brothers Schmid and Leute, 



12 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D864 

three Swiss singers, made their first appearance in America 
here. 

Paul Juignet again essayed the direction of French comedy and 
vaudeville. His company consisted of MM. Ernest Gravier, 
Roche, Faye, Pelletier, Donatien, Edgard, Maillet, Duval, and 
Benjamin; Mmes. Angele Levasseur and Anna Hamburg, and 
Miles. Louise Maillet, Stephane Bergeon, Hdl^ne Donatien, 
Nathalie Dumas, Louise Pelletier, Graziella, and Estella Dumas. 
The season lasted, with slight intervals, from Oct. 27, 1863, till 
April 30, 1864, during which time the following works, with others, 
were presented : " Les Vivacitds du Capitaine Tic," by M. Labiche ; 
"Le Pour et le Contre," by Octave Feuillet; "Jean qui Pleure 
et Jean qui Rit," by M. Dumanoir; "Les 37 Sous de M. Mon- 
tourdin," by M. Labiche; "Je Dine chez ma Mere," by M. 
Thiboust; "Le Caporal et la Payse," by M. Varin; "LaFamille 
Lambert," "Les Noces de Jeanette," by Victor Masse; "Rue de 
la Lune," by M. de Kock; "Jeanne la Sotte," by MM. Julien and 
Pilates; " Tambour Battant ; " "Histoire d'un Sou," by M. Clair- 
ville; "La Chanoinesse," by Eugene Scribe; "Les Pantins de 
Violette," by Adolph Adam; "Le Gentilhomme Pauvre," by M. 
Dumanoir; "Les Femmes Revolt^es," by L. Lurine; "Un Duel 
sous Richelieu," by Lockrey and Mellesville; "La Dame de St. 
Tropez," byDennery; "Les etrennes de M. Poisson;" " Le Jour 
de I'An a New York," by MM. X. and Z. ; Les Deux Aveugles," 
by M. Offenbach; "La Bataille de Dames," by M. Scribe; "Le 
Voyage de Monsieur Perichon," by MM. Labiche and Martin; 
" Trombalcazar," opera bouffe, by Offenbach ; " La Joie Fait Peur " 
(the original of Boucicault's "Kerry," produced at Burton's old 
Theatre as "Sunshine Through the Clouds"), by fimile Girardin; 
"Les Affrontes," by Emile Augier; "Le Vicomte Girogee," by 
M. Labiche; "Le Cceur et 1' Argent," by MM. Morrier and 
Martin; "Les Filles Gavit," by V. Hugo; "Les Petits Oiseaux," 
by Labiche and Delacour ; " Le Mari a la Campagne " (the original 
of "The Serious Family"), by MM. Bayard and De Vailly; "Le 
Demi Monde," by Dumas p^re; "Le Mariage aux Lanternes," by 
Offenbach, first time in New York, Feb. 6, 1864; "La P"emme de 
Primrose," by Cormon; "Une Femme qui se Jette par la Fe- 
netre," by Eugene Scribe; "La Filles de Giboyer," by M. fimile 
Augier; "Les Erreurs du Bel Age, " by Xavier and Varin; "Ba- 
ta-clan," opera bouffe, by Offenbach; "On Demande un Gouver- 
neur," by Decoursette ; "Trente Ans, ou la Vie d'un Joueur," by 
Decanze and Dinaux; "La Marraine," by Scribe; "Les Filles des 
Marbres," by Barrifere and Thiboust; "Bianella, ou le Servanti 
MaJtresse," opera bouffe, by Frederic von Flotow; " La Diplomatie 
du Manage," by Mme. Berton-Samson ; "Jean Baudry," by Auguste 
Vercquerio; "La GrSce deDieu," by Dennery and Lemoine; "Une 



i86s: NIBLO'S SALOON 13 

Mauvaise Nuit est Bient6t Pass6," by H. Honore; "Le Medecin 
des Enfants," by Anicet Bourgeois, and "Montjoie," by Octave 
Feuillet. 

The Harrison English opera company, under the management 
of Gabriel Harrison, with B. A. Baker as stage manager, began a 
season here Jan. 13, 1864. Mme. Comte Borchard, Mary Shaw, 
Wm. Castle, S. C. Campbell, Geo. Rea, and M. B. Pike were in 
the company, with Theodore Thomas as conductor. Jan. 13, 15, 
19, and 21 " The Bohemian Girl " was rendered. A fortnight later 
the company returned, and on Feb. 3, 5, 10, and 12 sang "Mari- 
tana. " March 24 Mr. and Mrs. Harry Watkins and Carlotta Shaw 
presented an entertainment written for them by Charles Gayler, 
entitled " Photographiana. " This they repeated for several nights. 
Niblo's Saloon was leased June i by Mr. Crabtree, the father of 
Lotta, with Harry Jordan as his acting manager. Lotta was 
announced as "The California Pet," and appeared in the sketches 
"The Mysterious Chamber" and "Jenny Lind," singing, dancing, 
and playing on the banjo. This was her first appearance in New 
York. The audience was cold and indifferent, and did not appear 
to appreciate the abilities of this lady. She remained four nights, 
during which "The Wife's Lesson" and "The Maid of Munster" 
were also given. This lady was born in New York, at 750 Broad- 
way, Nov. 7, 1847. Her father was John Ashworth Crabtree, 
who kept a bookstore in Nassau Street. Her early life was 
spent in California, where, as a child actress, she was a great 
favorite. She has the reputation of being the richest actress in 
the world. 

The following season concerts were given. The Thorpe Brothers 
took possession of the saloon Oct. 3, and occupied it for two weeks, 
giving a series of spiritualistic seances. Oct. 27 Mrs. O'Neill, 
nie Annie James, gave a concert, assisted by Castle, Campbell, 
Frank Gilder, and J. O'Neill. M. Juignet's French company 
occupied Niblo's Saloon Tuesdays and Saturdays during the sea- 
son from Oct. 29, 1864, until the end of April, 1865, with the 
exception of slight intervals, when visits were made to Philadel- 
phia and Boston. Concerts were given by Mrs. O'Neill Nov. 16, 
by J. E. Perring Nov. 23, by Madame Paravalli and pupils Dec. i, 
by Mile. Barnetchie Dec. 8, and by Frank B. Converse Dec. 29. 
On Jan. 4 and Jan. 6, 1865, an Italian opera company, under the 
management of M. Wertheimber and conductorship of Sig. Rosa, 
sang "L'Elisir d'Amore." The principal artists were Mile. 
Claudini Cairoli and Signori Mongiardini, Ardavani, and Fellini. 
A concert was given by Laura Harris Jan. 23. M. Wechsung, 
fliutist, made his American ddbut Jan. 24. The Davis family 
were heard in concert Jan. 26. Feb. 13 Max Strakosch's concert 
company appeared. Mile. Helene de Katow, Russian violinist, 



14 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE 1:1852 

Jas. M. Wehli, pianist, and Mile. Celestine Huntley, soprano, 
made their American debut. The other artists were Signori 
Lorenzo, Remi, Rosa, and Bendelari. The Strakosch concert 
company also gave concerts on Feb. 15, 16, 24, 25, and March i, 
2, 13, 24, and 25, assisted by Laura Harris, Signor Paulicchi, and 
others. 

Mile. Camille Urso, the violinist, gave a concert Feb. 27, and 
Mr. Cordova lectured March 6. March 22 the Benevolent Dramatic 
and Musical Association presented the drama of "Deceit, or Feel- 
ing and Fashion, " and a concert by Gustavus Geary, G. W. Brad- 
shaw, Mina Geary, and Celia Hoffheimer. L. M. Gottschalk, the 
pianist, gave a series of farewell concerts prior to his departure for 
California, with Sig. Muzio, March 29, 30, and 31. Niblo's Saloon 
was closed as a place of amusement May 9, 1865, and altered for 
the dining-room of the Metropolitan Hotel. 

WHITE'S VARIETIES. 

THE house known as "White's Varieties" was situated at 17- 
19 Bowery, and was built by Edwin P. Christy, the minstrel 
manager. It was opened Sept. 13, 1852, by Charles T. White. 
" The Child of the Regiment " was presented here Nov. 2, when 
William R. Floyd made his first appearance on any stage, acting 
the Corporal. The following is the copy of a programme : 

Proprietor and Manager C. White 

Treasurer ' j. Simpson 

Musical Director .- Herr Noll 

Dramatic Director T. D. Yeomans 

PRICES OF ADMISSION. 

Dress Circle 25 cts. I Private Boxes $1.50 

Parquet and 2d Circle . . . i2i^ | Stage Boxes 2.00 

Part First. 

The performance will commence with the farce, 

"OUR GUARDIAN ANGEL." 

Mr. Dulcimer jerry Merrifield 

Jasper Cranky Bannister 

DelemereLazytongs . C.Warwick 

Molly Snaggs (m which she will sing a new song, called " Talking in My Sleep " 

written by Mrs. Osgood) Rose Merrifield 

Miss Myrtle Mrs. Isherwood 

Kate Swynnerton Miss Pentland 



issa] WHITE'S VARIETIES 1 5 

Part Second. 
WHITE'S SERENADERS, AS DANDY NEGROES OF THE NORTH, 
introducing the following collection of new songs, glees, jokes, etc. : 

Massa's in the Cold, Cold 

Ground G. Rich 

Farewell, My Lilly Dear, . C. White 
Dina's Serenade .... Corrister 

Coon Hunt C. White 

Quickstep Full Band 



Overture, Full Band 

Let 's be Gay, from the opera of " Rob- 
ert le Diable "... Company 

Katy, Darling C. White 

Melinda May Corrister 

Old Folks at home .... Deaves 
The Darkey Blackberry Party 

Company 



Part Third. 
Favorite Song by Mrs. Rose Merrifield 

SHAKESPEARIAN READINGS. 

by Miss Lora Gordon, the wonderful prodigy, aged iive years, who will appear in 
fragments from " King Lear," assisted by her sister, Isabella Gordon. 

Highland Fling by Miss E. Johnson 

A new Comic Song, " The Bloomerees " Jerry Merrifield 

Banjo Solo Dan Emmett 

The whole to conclude with the 

SMOKE HOUSE DANCE AND PLANTATION REEL, 

by John Diamond and Master Franks. 

Thursday, Friday and Saturday evenings will be performed the Musical Farce 
of " The Two Gregories." 

No free list to this establishment. No orders received. 
Afternoon performance every Saturday, commencing at 3 o'clock. 

Frank S. Chanfrau was the first dramatic manager of this house, 
and he took charge of it Oct. 18, 1852. He received from Christy 
a weekly salary of ;^ioo, and 25 per cent of the receipts when he 
acted. It was at this time that his acquaintance began with Miss 
Albertine. In the company were John (" that rascal Jack ") Dunn, 
A. H. ("Dolly") Davenport, Jerry Merrifield, Keeler, Miss Al- 
bertine, Rose Merrifield, Miss Isherwood, Mr. and Mrs. France, 
William R. Floyd, and others. 

Mile. Albertine had a checkered career. Her right name was 
Hannah Manchester, and she was born at the Stone Bridge, Tiver- 
ton, R, I., in 1831. Her debut was at Augusta, Me,, as Sophia 
in "The Rendezvous," during the season of 1846-47, but she soon 
took to the art of dancing. When F. S. Chanfrau played at the 
Olympic Theatre, Washington, D. C, Albertine was engaged to 
support him. Her next appearance was at the Arch Street 



) 



1 6 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Dss" 

Theatre, Philadelphia, as leading support to the elder Booth. 
This was in March, 1850. She travelled with F. S. Chanfrau for 
six seasons, commencing in the fall of 1850. In California she 
not only played Lize to Chanfrau 's Mose, but such characters as 
Clarisse Delville, in "Satan in Paris," and Dot, in "The Cricket 
on the Hearth," and danced to the great delight of old "Forty- 
niners." In 1852 she and Chanfrau returned to New York, and at 
Astor Place Opera House drew all Gotham to witness their com- 
panion pictures of the "Bowery B'hoy and His Gal." In 1857, 
Albertine severed her engagement with Mr. Chanfrau, and returned 
to California, starring there for two years with increasing popu- 
larity, when she was induced to accept an engagement to go to 
Australia with G. V. Brooke. While acting at Ballarat she caught 
a cold, which turned into the colonial fever. She recovered and 
commenced to dance, but became so blind that she could scarcely 
see the footlights, and was compelled to leave the stage. She was 
under the care of oculists for one year without receiving any benefit. 
At last, driven by poverty, — all her jewelry and clothes having 
been parted with, — she went into the Benevolent Asylum in 
Ballarat, where she learned to sew, knit, and read. For years she 
was considered dead by all who knew her in this country, a report 
to that effect having been printed in the Australian papers and 
copied in various American journals. One day the following letter 
was received by the editor of a New York paper and published. 

Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, Jan. ii, 1875. 
In visiting the Benevolent Asylum in this city, I discovered a poor American 
lady, formerly a member of the profession, whose sad case at once enlisted my 
sympathies, and I take the liberty of calling the attention of my professional 
brothers and sisters in America, through your valuable journal, to a most worthy 
object of charity. I was introduced to a blind inmate, who, I was astonished to 
discover, was a Mme. Albertine, who, some years ago, I saw in the Celeste style 
of drama here, and thought her very good. She came to Australia thirteen years 
ago, playing in all the theatres. Through illness the poor woman became totally 
blind some seven years ago, and has been for a long time an inmate of this 
benevolent institution. She is about forty years of age, and of a most sen- 
sitive nature. Her only object now is to get back to her native place, where 
she would be among her own people. I do think this a case in which all mem- 
bers of our profession should unite in providing for her future, and as far as is 
in niy power I will do all I can to forward her to her friends. The expense of 
sending her to Boston would be about two hundred and fifty dollars. She is 
a poor, afflicted, sightless woman, and an American by birth. Yours truly, 

Stuart O'Brien, Theatre Royal, Melbourne. 

This was the first intimation her friends had of her existence. 
Through the extraordinary kindness of Mr. O'Brien, Mr. Adams, 
American consul, and Commander Chandler, of U. S. S. " Swatara " 
she reached America. Just before her arrival home her brother- 
in-law received the following communication : 



X8S3: ST. CHARLES THEATRE 1 7 

Theatre Royal, Melbourne, Australia, 
March lo, 1875. 
Sir, — Mme. Albertine, for some years quite blind, and an inmate of one of 
our institutions, left for New York per United States ship of war Swatara, hav- 
ing had a passage generously granted her by Commander Ralph Chandler. The 
ship will arrive in New York about the end of May next, and she desired me to 
write to you as to her reception on her arrival. She also suggested that I should 
ask you to write to Bessie and Susan Manchester. I shall be most happy to 
hear from you of her safe arrival at New York, and there is some hope of the 
restoration of her sight. I am, sir, 

Your obedient servant, Stuart O'Brien. 

To William Cannon, New Bedford, Mass. 

The " Swatara " arrived here with Albertine on board June i, 
187s, and for a brief period she resided at Hoboken, N. J., after 
which she went to New Bedford, Mass., where she remained till 
her death, Oct. 6, 1889, at the residence of her sister, Mrs. Wil- 
liam C. Cannon. 

In February, 1853, this house was remodelled and opened as 
the St. Charles Theatre, with dramatic performances. James 
Pilgrim, the author-actor, was the manager, who began Feb. 2$, 
with a small stock company. "The Serious Family" was 
acted March 2, with Mr. Robinson as Aminadab Sleek. After 
it, came " A Husband at Sight, " with Miss Albertine as Cather- 
ine; a dance by Miss Sophie followed, after which Miss Mitchell 
played Joseph in " The Young Scamp. " 

John R. Scott began an engagement March 16. He appeared as 
Sir Giles Overreach, in "A New Way to Pay Old Debts," and 
later in "The Stranger," "Virginius," on which occasion M. W. 
LefRngwell made his bow in the farce, "P. P., or The Man and 
the Tiger," "Don Caesar de Bazan," "The Willow Copse," "Rob 
Roy," "Richard IH.," "The Adopted Child," "Richelieu," 
"Damon and Pythias," and "Wallace." "Eveleen Wilson," a 
dramatization by Mr. Pilgrim, from the story of that name, was 
seen April 4. John R. Scott closed April 16. "The Momentous 
Question " was acted April 18, with J. M. Cooke as Robert Shelly, 
Miss Mitchell as Rachel Ryland. "Eveleen Wilson" followed, 
with Pilgrim, Robinson, Miss Mitchell, and Mrs. Mason in the 
principal characters, and the entertainment closed with "The Boys 
of Saratoga," Julia Pelby acting Caroline Grantley. April 20 
Mrs. H. P. Grattan played Lady Randolph in "Douglas." May 9 
was the anniversary of the New York Dramatic Society, and the 
performance consisted of "The Merchant of Venice," — Harry 
Seymour as Shylock, Miss Grey as Portia, and Kate Hunter as 
Nerissa, — " The Review, " with Welsh Edwards and Fanny Os- 
borne in the principal characters, Dutch readings by Sam Glenn, 
and the farce, "My Wife's Second Floor." 

The next manager was Charles R. Thome, who opened Aug. t 

VOL. U. — 2 



1 8 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE i:i8s4 



with "The Poor Soldier," "The Child of the Regiment," and 
"The Lady and the Devil." The company included Julia Pelby, 
Delia Norval (who was murdered at Windsor Locks, Ct.), Rose, 
May, Allen, Mesdames C. R. Thome, Brunton (formerly Helen 
Matthews), Barnett, Monell, Lewis, Mestayer, Brunton, John 
Winans, A. L. Vincent, Odell, Harry Seymour, Tom Wemyss, 
Holmes, J. B. Wright (stage manager). Mr. Thorne took a 
benefit Sept. 3 in "The Limerick Boy," which had this cast: 



Coates Weaver 

Remden Odell 

Job Vincent 



Paddy Miles . . . James Pilgrim 
Mrs. Fidget .... Mrs. Monell 

Henry Holmes 

Jane Miss May 

A dance by Miss La Folle was done, after which came " Michael 
Erie": Michael Erie, Harry Watkins; Philip D'Arville, Griffiths; 
David Gilliflower, Weaver; Andrew, Holmes; Jackson, Thomas; 
Dame Stapleton, Mrs. Monell ; Julia Spring, Julia Pelby ; Stephen 
Gerard, Vincent; Miles, Seymour; Bates, Odell; Mary, Miss 
Allen. This was followed with a song, after which "The 
Widow's Victim " was played : 



Jeremiah Clip . 
Jane Chatterly 
Mrs. Rattleton 



Mrs. 



Wm. Goodall 
C. R. Thorne 
. Miss Pelby 



Podge Griffiths 

Twitter Holmes 

Mrs. Twitter .... Miss Allen 



The performance closed with " The Ourang Outang. " George Lea 
bought this house from Charley White in 1854, and managed it for 
a few months as a novelty theatre, after which it became a German 
theatre until Jan. i, 1855. I* was then closed, and on March 11, 
1855, was sold at auction and converted into stores. 



THE OLD STUYVESANT. 

THE " Old Stuyvesant " was situated at 663 Broadway, opposite 
Bond Street, and afterwards variously known as Academy 
Hall, Donaldson Opera House, and Mozart Hall. Mons. L. Poz- 
nanski appeared here in concert Dec. 20, 1852. R. H. Sliter, the 
clog dancer, was seen Sept. 11, 1852. John E. Owens began a 
summer season here July 25, 1853, with his polyphonic, myrio- 
graphic monologue, founded on his ascent of Mont Blanc. Sept. 
28 there was exhibited what was considered a wonderful curiosity, 
— Cornelius Vroman, aged 57 years, a native of Munroe County, 
N. Y., who had been in apparent pleasant and profound sleep for 
five years. Perham's "Seven Mile Mirror" was seen Oct. 31, 

1853. Sam S. Sanford's Opera company were heard Aug. 28, 

1854. Perham's Burlesque opera troupe appeared Oct. 16, 1854, 
in "The Rabble Family's" comic pantomime "Sam Patch," ar- 



X8S2: FRANCONI'S HIPPODROME 19 

ranged by Edwin Marden, being a burlesque on the Ravel Family. 
The house closed Jan. 5, 1855, for two months. Perhara's same 
company returned in March, and remained until July. The next 
occupants were Christy's Minstrels, who commenced Dec. 10 for 
twelve nights. E. H. Pierce, J. B. Donniker, Ben Mallory, J. W. 
Raynor, Lewis Manns, W. P. Collins, N. W. Gould, T. Christian, 
H. Huntington, S. Condit, and Jos. Murphy were members of the 
company. The name of the theatre was now changed to Donald- 
son's Opera House. Tom Thumb and Dr. Valentine appeared 
April 28, 1856. 

Mme. Anna de La Grange gave a concert here Nov. 10, 1857, for 
the benefit of Henrietta Simon. The name of the house was again 
changed, this time to The Canterbury, and was opened by Fox 
& Curran July 16, i860, as a variety theatre. Charley White 
appeared Aug. 27. J. H. Odgen, the English comic singer, made 
his American debut Sept. 3. Marietta Ravel, the tight-rope 
dancer, the Carlo Family, Cool Burgess, and Kate Pennoyer were 
added to the company Oct. 22. David Braham was the musical 
director. Adah Isaacs Menken appeared Dec. 17 as a singer and 
dancer. George Christy's Minstrels appeared June 10, 1861; the 
principals were George Christy, Cool White, George Fox, Ed. 
Haslam, W. Marks, J. A. Herman, W. Wrightman, J. Bayley, 
T. McNally, J. Clairville, F. Cardella, J. Kelk, F. Boniface, 
Blanque, Lynes, and Masters Bobby and Leon. Fox & Sharpley's 
minstrels took possession of the hall Oct. 7, and remained for 
three weeks. In this company were Sam Sharpley and Dave Reed. 
They were succeeded Oct. 28 by Hooley's minstrels, Hooley & 
Griffin, proprietors, who remained until May, 1862, during which 
time G. W. H. Griffin, Charles Fox, Billy Gray, Melville, Mar- 
lowe, Reed, Childs, J. C. Reeves, Rollin Howard, Asche, McNally, 
R. M. Hooley, Morley, Currie, and Smitze appeared. In May, 
1862, the Alleghanians appeared. 

FRANCONI'S HIPPODROME. 

DURING the winter of 1852-53 there was formed a syndicate 
of showmen (eight Americans), including Avery Smith, 
Richard Sands, Titus and Seth B. Howes, for the purpose of in- 
troducing the hippodrome to America. Corporal Thompson's lot, 
situated at the northwest corner of Twenty-third Street and Broadf 
way (now occupied by the Fifth Avenue Hotel) — also once known 
as a hostelrie, a sort of stopping-place for turfmen and other 
sportive gentlemen, — was secured, and a large structure erected. 
Although at that time the location was out of town, it was con- 
sidered the most convenient. It was a little yellow wooden hoyse, 
originally built as a country residence by Christopher Mildeberger. 



20 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [1853 

At the time referred to, fast trotting horses and light wagons were 
very popular, and Corporal Thompson's house was a favorite stop- 
ping place for the gilded youth, the fast men, and the better class 
of sporting characters of the period. The land belonged to the 
Rowland estate. It did not bring in much income, and when 
Monnot made an offer for the property, his proposition was ac- 
cepted. The little yellow house soon disappeared to make room 
for the Hippodrome, where the sports of the Roman circus, the 
chariot races, and gladiatorial contests and other performances 
were presented. The structure was built of brick walls, two 
stories high, while the auditorium was covered with a tin roof, the 
inside of the walls being covered with canvas. The first exhibi- 
tion was given May 2, 1853. The performers were Mme. Franconi, 
Henry Franconi, Mme. Chiarini, Les Freres Siegrist, Mme. Sie- 
grist, Sylvester, Mme. Ricard, Mile. Mason, Angelina, Caroline 
Vidal, Leontine Geilhard, Adeline Pigett, Euggnie Maria, Mons. 
Ferdinand Maria, Eugenie Cerf, Mons. Mason, Mons. and Master 
Nicolo. H. Franconi was director of hippodrome. The prices of 
admission were: Boxes, 50 cts. ; reserved seats, $1; pit, 25 cts. ; 
season tickets, ^50. Long before the performance commenced the 
sale of tickets was stopped, and many thousand were disappointed 
in obtaining admission. The amphitheatre held an audience of 
4,000, which was the capacity of the place. The circle was 700 ft. 
in circumference. 

Franconi's Hippodrome was conducted in a style unknown in 
equestrian performances. It was a vast amphitheatre, having no 
stage, but enclosing a stadium, over which were run chariot races, 
and upon which other exciting displays were made. The contor- 
tionist, Mons. Deverne, and the Sylvester Family, in the spiral 
globe act (for the first time in America), were also seen. Franconi 
introduced his performing " manage " and race horses and racing 
ostriches. The latter were driven in harness and were rode under 
saddle by small boys around the race track. There were male and 
female characters, racing camels, elephants, and reindeers. The 
stag hunt was done with horses and hounds, leaping barricades and 
ditches filled with water, twelve feet wide. James M. Nixon was 
manager of the performance; he also did an act with two boys, on 
a platform on wheels, while being driven around the ring. Each 
performance commenced with "The Field of the Cloth of Gold." 
In the tournament knights on horseback fought a combat with 
battle-axes and spears, finishing the act with one horse and rider 
supposed to be killed. The entertainment was continued for about 
three weeks, when the American artists, with their horses, together 
with Chiarini and his performing horses, started for a summer tour. 

J. A. Dumbolton took a benefit Aug. 12, 1853, when a trotting 
match took place between Lady Suffolk, entered by Hiram Wood- 



18533 WASHINGTON CIRCUS 21 

ruff, and Mac, entered by William Whelan. The first season 
closed Nov. 26, 1853, and the company went to Boston. The 
second and last season opened June 26, 1854. The Fifth Avenue 
hotel was built on the Hippodrome's site and opened in 1859. 

EMPIRE HALL 

EMPIRE HALL was situated at 596 Broadway, and adjoined 
the Metropolitan Hotel. In February, 1853, it was occupied 
by Banvard's Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and Holy Land. May 12, 
1856, the Keller troupe commenced with tableaux and musical 
soirees. Gustave Dedas appeared with regular dramatic perform- 
ances in September, with a French company. A series of paint- 
ings, representing scenes in Dr. Kane's Arctic voyages, were on 
exhibition Oct. 12, 1857. The place was afterward known as The 
Santa Claus, and R. W. Williams was the manager. He re- 
mained here until the lease expired, January, 1859, when he 
removed to 72 Prince Street. 

THE MAZE GARDEN 

WHAT was known as The Maze Garden was situated on Fifth 
Avenue, near Forty-second Street, opposite the entrance to 
the Croton Reservoir. The Garden occupied two acres of ground, 
covered with a large growth of deciduous and evergreen trees and 
shrubs, adorned with arbors and fountains, and surrounded by 
glossy slopes, effectively combining the beauties of nature and art. 
In the main building were two refreshment saloons with commo- 
dious piazzas. The most attractive feature of the Garden was the 
maze or labyrinths, constructed after the plan of the one in Hamp- 
ton Court, London, formed in the early part of King William IV. 's 
reign, and the only one in the country. Ice cream and other re- 
freshments were served. No spirituous or intoxicating liquors 
were sold. It was open every day, commencing July i, 1853, from 
8 A. M. until sunset. The entrance to the Garden was free. 
Mitchell & Co. were managers. 

WASHINGTON CIRCUS 

A CANVAS show known as the Washington Circus was situ- 
ated on the corner of Sixth Avenue and Thirty-ninth Street, 
in the immediate vicinity of the Crystal Palace. It was opened 
June IS, 1853, by Col. Alvah Mann, formerly manager of the old 
Broadway Theatre. Mme. Tourniaire, the Antonio Family, 
W. H. Carroll and Mrs. and Miss Carroll (afterwards Mrs. Ben 
Maginley) were in the company. 



22 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Ci854 

THE CRYSTAL PALACE 

THE Crystal Palace was situated in Forty-second Street and 
Sixth Avenue, and was opened July 14, 1853. It covered 
five acres. Its sides were composed of glass, supported by iron. 
There were two military bands, — Dodworth's and Bloomfield's 
U. S. Band, and an orchestra and Noll's Military Band, — a grand 
chorus, and an immense organ. There were present about 20,000 
people on the opening day. The U. S. Band struck up "Hail 
Columbia," and finished with "Yankee Doodle." This was fol- 
lowed by a prayer by Bishop Wainwright. Then came the hymn, 
"Old Hundred," by the Second Harmonic society, with Geo. 
Bristow as conductor; Mr. Timm was director of the musical ar- 
rangements. Theodore Sedgwick, president of the Crystal Palace 
association, then addressed Franklin Pierce, President of the 
United States. June 15, 1854, there was "a musical congress." 
M. Jullien was the conductor. This artist took a benefit here and 
made his last appearance in America June 26, being his first and 
only benefit in America. Oct. 31 the place was closed. f[ During 
the removal of the goods and the sales by auction, visitors were 
admitted at twelve and a half cents each. This edifice started in 
its delicate beauty from the earth like the " 'magining of happy 
vision." Viewed at a distance, its burnished dome resembled a 
half-disclosed balloon, as large as a cathedral, but light, brilliant, 
and seemingly ready to burst its bands and soar aloft. Nothing 
like this building, in shape or size, material or effect, was ever 
before seen in America. It was two stories high. The first was 
in the form of an octagon, the second of a Greek cross. The centre 
of this was a dome, 148 ft. high. The four corners of the octagon 
were furnished each with two towers, 70 ft. high. These towers 
supported flagstaffs. The construction of the building was similar 
to that of the original in London. The 29th annual fair of the 
American Institute was opened here Sept. 15, 1857. It was 
destroyed by fire Oct. 5, 1858. The site is now called Bryant 
Park. ' 

BROADWAY MUSEUM AND MENAGERIE 

THE Broadway Museum and Menagerie was situated at 337 
_ Broadway, and was opened Nov. 21, 1853, with a collection 
of living wild animals, including the rhinoceros, elephant Hanni- 
bal, lions, tigers, leopards, bears, and zebras, also Herr Driesbach, 
the lion king. The Siamese twins, Chang and Eng, and Mr. 
Nellis, the man without arms, were to be seen. This place closed 
April IS, 1854. 



18543 WHITE'S OPERA HOUSE 23 

WASHINGTON HALL 

WASHINGTON HALL was situated at 103, 105, 107 Eliza- 
beth Street, near Grand Street, and was occupied Nov. 6, 
1853, by a German opera company under the direction of Adolphus 
Liberati, who opened with the opera of "Das Nachblager in 
Grenada. " 

APOLLO ROOMS 

APOLLO ROOMS were situated on the east side of Broadway, 
below Canal and opposite Lispenard Street. They were 
used for various exhibitions, such as concerts, lectures, and pano- 
ramas. It was at one time called the American Art Union. It 
was afterwards converted into a concert and ball-room, and so con- 
tinued until it was torn down. 

WORLD HALL 

A PLACE of amusement known as " World Hall " was situated 
at 377 and 379 Broadway, corner of White Street. Prof. 
Hart's panorama and diorama of the whole world was on exhibi- 
tion here April, 1854. 

FRANKLIN MUSEUM 

THE Franklin Museum was situated at 127 Grand Street, 
upstairs, one door from Broadway. It was owned by James 
Mulligan, who kept a liquor store next door. He also carried on 
horseshoeing in the basement of 127 Grand Street. The first floor 
was tenanted by a Mr. Parmelee, who kept a concert saloon. The 
entire upper part of the building was occupied by Geo. Lea, who 
leased the place at the close of his management of 53 Bowery 
(April, 1854), and named it the Franklin Museum. The princi- 
pal attractions were model artists. On Dec. 7, 1857, there were 
twenty-seven " ladies, " under the direction of Mme. Wharton, who 
appeared afternoon and evening each day in the week (except 
Sunday) in fourteen living representations of statuary. The ad- 
mission was : Orchestra seats, 50 cts. ; boxes, 25 cts. George Lea 
continued here until the close of the season of 1859-60. No 
entertainment of any nature was given here after Mr. Lea left, but 
the first floor was used as a restaurant. 

WHITE'S OPERA HOUSE 

WHITE'S OPERA HOUSE was situated at 49 Bowery, oppo- 
site the Old Bowery Theatre, and was opened Aug. 7, 1854, 
by Charley White. Here, also, R. M. Carroll made his d^but as 



24 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Ci8S4 

" Master Marks. " In fact, no similar place ever introduced one- 
third of the comic material during its whole existence as this same 
establishment. Dan D. Emmett, Frank Stanton, Billy Coleman, 
John Murray, Pic Butler, M. Turner, W. Roark, J. T. Huntley, 
L. Donnelly, M. Lewis, G. White, W. N. Smith, Master Juba, 
Boston Rattler, Wm. Donaldson, Wm. Quinn, J. Carroll, Tim 
Norton, Tom Briggs, Hi Rumsey, James Budworth, Wra. Bud- 
worth, Dan Gardner, Joe Brown, Mike Mitchell, T. D. Rice, John 
Mulligan, Luke West, Johnny Pell, Sam Wells, Billy Newcomb, 
Charley Fox, Dave Wambold, Ned Deaves, Pierce, and Warren, 
all appeared here. One of the favorites at this house was William 
N. Smith, the champion bone soloist. He was compelled to retire 
from the profession about 1866, in consequence of an abscess that 
formed in his right breast, which, after being operated upon, 
affected him in his right arm, drawing it up so that it was impos- 
sible for him to shake the bones any more. He went to the hospi- 
tal, and, while under the influence of ether, the doctors forced his 
arm back, making it straight, but in doing so snapped some of the 
tendons, from which up to his death (which occurred in this city 
Feb. 4, 1869) he suffered constant pain. Mr. White kept the 
house going for a short time, and was joined in the management by 
Geo. Lea. White's Serenaders was the entertainment presented 
until Mr. Lea, finding it was not the success anticipated, took 
possession of the entire building and converted it into a kind of 
a "sideshow," which paid better. 

This theatre was destroyed by fire Jan. 20, 1857. 

THE AMERICAN VARIETIES 

A LARGE room formerly occupied as an " American Ice Cream 
Saloon," at 7 Chatham Square, was refitted and opened by 
Prof. Leon Sept. 3, 1854, and called "The American Varieties." 
A stage was erected and performances were given in magic, per- 
forming canary birds, together with a negro minstrel troupe, con- 
sisting of J. M. Keese, guitar; H. Mestayer, violin; J. A. Flynn, 
bones; S. Coleman, tambourine; B. Herrmann, banjo; scenes in 
ventriloquism. The admission was 12% cts. ; reserved seats, 
25 cts. 

THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 

AN historical house in the annals of New York theatres is " The 
Academy of Music," located on the north side of Fourteenth 
Street between Third Avenue and Irving Place. It was estimated 
that ;^20o,ooo would be ample for building such a theatre. Of 
this amount, ;J! 195, 000 was subscribed and paid in. Instead of 



iSssD THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 25 

;?200,ooo the house cost ;^335,ocx); $60,000 for the ground and 
^^275,000 for the building. It was erected in 1854, in accordance 
with the plans and directions of Alexander Saeltzer, architect. 
There were 4,600 seats. The house and stage was one of the 
largest in the country. Max Maretzek was the first lessee, and he 
tented it to James H. Hackett, who gave the initial performance 
Oct. 2, 1854, of "Norma," by the Grisi and Mario opera com- 
pany. The prices of seats were considered exorbitant then. 
Three dollars was asked for parquet seats, and from ;^I2 to $40 
for the boxes. The public resented these high prices, and the 
opening of the Academy was a failure in every sense of the word. 
Only fifteen hundred persons were present, and the next day the 
prices were reduced one half. 

Oct. 9 " I Puritani " was sung, with the first appearance in this 
city of Bernardi, the baritone, as Ricardo. The house was closed 
Oct. 23, and continued dark for one week, in consequence of the 
illness of Mario, but he recovered to reopen Nov. 14 in " I Puri- 
tani." Dec. 14 "Norma" was sung, and Sig. Lorini, late first 
tenor of the Havana Opera company, made his first appearance in 
New York in four years. He sang the r61e of Pollione, Mario 
being again indisposed. The season, which had been a disastrous 
one, with a loss of ;?8,ooo, closed Dec. 29 with a benefit to J. H. 
Hackett. Grisi and Mario appeared in " La Traviata. " Previous 
to the opera, Mr. Hackett came before the curtain, thanked the 
audience for their generosity on the occasion of his benefit, and 
announced that Grisi and Mario, as well as other members of the 
company, had tendered their services for a benefit to be given in 
relief of the poor of this city. It took the form of a concert on 
Jan. II, 1855, at this house. Ole Bull was the next lessee who 
had silent partners. A prize of $1,000 was offered by them for 
the best original opera by an American composer, and upon a 
strictly American subject. Then the stockholders took a turn, 
with Chevalier Wikoff as manager, and lost about $28,000. Al- 
together the first year of the Academy cost about $50,000. 

The reopening under the new management occurred Feb. 19, 
1855, with "Rigoletto." The company consisted of Beagie Bol- 
cioni and Ettore Barili (their first appearance in America), 
Cesare Badiali, Domenico Lorini, Luigo Rocco, Bertucca Maret- 
zek, Patti-Strakosch, Coletti, Avogadro, Muller, Puinto, Leonardi, 
and Baratini. Max Maretzek was musical director. The prices 
were: Parquet, circle, and dress circle, $1; second circle, 50 
cts, ; gallery, 25 cts. ; reserved seats 50 cts. " II Trovatore " was 
brought out for the first time in this country April 30, with 
Vestvali, Steffanone, Brignoli, and Amodio in the cast. A testi- 
monial benefit to James W. Wallack, Sr. , took place afternoon and 
evening of May 29. This was the programme : — 



26 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisss 



Monsieur Jacques . . Morris Barnett 

Melanie Kate Reignolds 

Antonio Mr. Burke 



Afternoon Performance. 
"MONSIEUR JACQUES." 
Vivid 



Mr. Levere 

Sequence J. Stoddart 



After which came the following Concert. 

THE SKYLARK Louisa Pyne 

HUNTING TOWER (Scotch ballad) Miss Pyne 

DUETT, " Tornaine," from " Don Pasquale," by Louisa Pyne and W. Harrison 
ARIA QUI IDEGNO Borrani 

This was followed by 

"A MORNING CALL." 

Sir Edward Ardent F. B. Conway 

Mrs. Chillington Mrs. F. B. Conway 

SCENA Isidora Clark 

SONG Marion Macarthy 

SONG " La Seranata " Miss Duckworth 

PAS DE DEUX Ducy Barre and G. W. Smith 

After which came 

"DELICATE GROUND." 

Citizen Sangfroid . . CM. Walcot I Alphonse Grosvenor 

Pauline Mrs. Hoey I 

The whole concluded with a comic medley clog dance by Ben Yates. 

Evening Performance. 
"DAMON AND PYTHIAS." 



Pythias .... E. L. Davenport 

Dyonisius John Dyott 

Damocles Chippendale 

Procles Bernard 

Arria Miss Carman 



Damon Edwiu Forrest 

LucuUus Grosvenor 

Philistius Wm. Norton 

Calanthe Fanny Vining 

Hermione Mrs. Buckland 

Child Miss Wallis 

PAS DE DEUX Mile. Zoe and Mons. WiethoflE 

OVERTURE Orchestra, led by M. Chatel 

This was followed by 

"THE POOR GENTLEMAN," 

compressed for this occasion, but the principal portions of the play retained. 



Frederick Bramble 
Dr. Olapod . . 
Corporal Foss . . 
Lucretia Mac Tab 



Lester (Wallack) 

John Brougham 

Chippendale 

. . Mrs. Blake 



Sir Robert Bramble . . W. R. Blake Frederick Bramble J. 

Humphrey Dobbin . . . . H. Hall 

Lieut. Worthington . . John Dyott 

Sir Charles Cropeland . Mr. Stewart 

Emily Worthington . . Rosa Bennett 

The whole concluded with 
"A LADY AND GENTLEMAN IN A PECULIARLY PERPLEXING 

PREDICAMENT." 

The Gentleman VVm. Davidge 

The Lady Mrs. Stephens 

Mme. Jobarde Miss Carman 



I855D 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



27 



Mr. Wallack, on being called before the curtain, made a graceful 
speech, and closed by saying " this affair was a free-will offering 
to him by his company and others of his profession, and he accepted 
it, not as some journals had hinted, as a mendicant (it having been 
so represented in several of the newspapers of the day), but as a 
gentleman." In "The Poor Gentleman " Rosa Bennett was billed 
for Emily Worthington, but did not appear, owing to illness, and 
Mrs. John Hoey was substituted for the r61e. The prices of ad- 
mission were: For the afternoon, ^i ; no seats reserved. Evening, 
the prices were : Gallery, 25 cts. ; every other portion of the 
house $1, with 50 cts. extra for reserved seats. The private 
boxes were sold at auction. 

Max Maretzek was the manager season of 1855-56. On Oct. 30 
"Semiramide" was presented for the first time. A benefit was 
given to George H. ("Gentleman George") Barrett Nov. 20, 
being the final retirement from the stage of this veteran actor. 
The programme was as follows : Trial scene from " The Merchant 
of Venice," J. W. Wallack as Shylock (his first appearance in 
twelve months); Harry Placide as Launcelot Gobbo; Frazer as 
Lorenzo (in which character he introduced the serenade of " When 
Rosy Daylight Flies," and, with Georgiana Hodson, the duet, "I 
Love Thee ") ; Lanergan was the Bassanio ; A. W. Fenno, Grati- 
ano; Sandford, the Duke; H. B. Phillips, Antonio; Stoddart, 
Tubal; David Whiting, Old Gobbo; Cutter, Salanio; Hodges, 
Salarino; Ringgold, Balthazar; Walters, Leonado; Mme. Ponisi, 
Portia; Mrs. Stephens, Nerissa; and Georgiana Hodson, Jessica, 
with the song, " Scenes That are Brightest. " This was followed 
by a concert, in which Dodworth's Band gave several of their 
compositions. Henrietta Behrend and Borani sang several songs. 
The performance closed with the third, fourth, and fifth acts of 
" The School for Scandal, " cast as follows : 



Sir Peter R. Blake 

Moses T. Placide 

Sir Benjamin C. Clarke 

Crabtree D. Whiting 

Trip Grosvenor 

Charles J. Lester 

Lady Teazle . . Julia Dean Hayne 
Mrs. Candour . . . Mrs. Brougham 
Maria Mrs. Warren 



Lady Sneerwell . . Mrs. Thompson 

Joseph C. Fisher 

Sir Oliver .... John Brougham 

Careless F. Lyster 

Snake B. T. Ringgold 

Sir Harry Walters 

Rowley Henry 

Joseph's Servant . . L. J. Vincent 



Previous to the comedy Mr. Barrett appeared before the curtain 
having his children by the hand, and took leave of the public in a 
short and feeling address. He died in this city Sept. 5, i860. 
Who shall tell the privations he silently endured ? Who picture 
the anguish of his sensitive feelings as he gasped away his life, 
sometimes in actual want, and rarely in the possession of the com- 



28 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D856 



monest domestic comforts ? When the Dramatic Fund was com- 
pelled by its bad management to curtail its annuities, Barrett was 
thrown, with his interesting family, almost entirely upon the kind- 
ness of his friends. How few actors have the prudence to "lay 
up " in the sunshine a store for a rainy day ! How very few can 
get rid of the self-conceit which whispers, when they are making 
money abundantly, that they shall ever do it — that the golden tide 
will never turn — that no darkness of night shall ever follow the 
noonday of their prosperity. George Horton Barrett was familiarly 
known as "Gentleman George." He was born at Exeter, Devon, 
England, Jan. 9, 1794, and made his first appearance on the Amer- 
ican stage, 1796, as a child, in "Pizarro," at the Federal Street 
Theatre, Boston. In June, 1806, he appeared at the Park Theatre, 
New York, as Young Norval in "Douglas." In 1829 he was co- 
manager with Gilfert of the Bowery Theatre. In 1847, he returned 
to England for the purpose of engaging actors for the opening of 
the Broadway Theatre, and in September he became acting and 
stage manager of that theatre. On Feb. 15, 1858, he opened a 
school of acting at 213 Bleecker Street, New York. He had 
scarcely an equal as a light comedian in America. 
" Hamlet " was played here Nov. 27, with this cast : 



Hamlet C. T. P. Ware 

Ghost .... Isaac Clark Pray 
Polonius . . Thaddeus W. Meighan 

Horatio Fredk. I. King 

Marcellus A. Joceline 

Bernardo . . . . W. J. Deloyne 



Guildenstern . . . D. C. Morehead 
First Gravedigger . Jas. H. Cafferty 
Second Gravedigger . E. F. Underbill 
Queen . . . Emily P. Lesdernier 
Osric . . . i , . Fred M. Edge 
Ophelia Ada Clare 



A season of Italian opera commenced March 12, 1856, under the 
direction of W. H. Payne, with "II Trovatore." The cast included 
Brignoli, Amodio, Mme. de La Grange, and Mile. Aldini, in the 
chief r6Ies. Adelaide Phillips was announced to appear, but was 
prevented by illness. "II Trovatore" was repeated March 17, 
when Adelaide Phillips made her dgbut as Azucena. The ninth 
annual benefit of the American Dramatic Fund occurred here Aug. 
18, when the following was the programme: 

"TAMING OF THE SHREW." 



Petrucio Robert Johnston 

Biondello P. C. Byrne 

Music Master McDouall 

Katharina Mrs. Abbott 

Bianca Miss Carman 



Baptista Bowes 

Hortensio Cranshawe 

Grumio H. Jordan 

The Tailor , Fuller 

The Cook Church 



H. L. Bateman read Schiller's "Hymn to Joy," and was followed 
by "The Widow's Victim," cast thus: 



Clip F. S. Chanfrau 

Mrs. Rattleton . . . Mrs. E. Place 
Jane Chatterly . . . Miss Albertine 



Twitter C. Warwick 

Tremaine S. Browne 

Mrs. Twitter . . . Mrs. McDouall 



I8S63 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



29 



After this came songs by Mrs. Duffield and Julia Miles, followed 
by " Faint Heart Never Won Fair Lady " : Mrs. McLean as the 
Duchess ; Mary Gannon as King Charles ; Robert Johnston as Ruy 
Gomez; John Ellsler as the Marquis; Leighton as Don Giovanni, 
and Mrs. Henry as the Duenna. After which came a dance by 
Ernestine and Annie Henrade, selections from "The Hunchback," 
with Annette Ince (first appearance in New York) as Julia; 
Fleming as Master Walter and Charles Loveday as Sir Thomas. 
The performance closed with " A Kiss in the Dark. " This was 
the first appearance, since his European tour, of Robert Johnston. 
James H. Hackett, with a dramatic company, appeared here Sept. 
2 in "Henry IV." 



FalstafE Hackett 

Hotspur . . . . J. W. WaUack, Jr. 
Prince of Wales . . . Geo. Jordan 

Hostess Mrs. Vernon 

King Henry H. Farren 

Prince John . . . Miss Duckworth 
Earl of Northumberland . C. L. Allen 
Earl of Worcester . . . H. Howard 



Earl of Westmoreland F. C. Wemyss 

Francis Geo. Holland 

Ned Poins Reid 

Bardolph J. B. Fuller 

Lady Percy Kate Saxon 

Sir Walter Blunt .... Haviland 
Sir Richard Vernon . . . H. Bland 



On Sept. 4 a dramatic benefit performance took place for W. 
M. Fleming, the old manager, not the William Fleming at present 
before the public. The programme was : 

"ROB ROY MACGREGOR, OR AULD LANG SYNE." 



(Second and Third Acts.) 



Rob Roy Macgregor Campbell 

John Dyott 
Rashleigh Osbaldistone G. K. Dickinson 
Bailie Nicol Jarvie . . Charles Hale 

Dougal James Seymour 

Major Galbraith . W. M. Leffingwell 
Francis Osbaldistone M. V. Lingham 
Captain Thornton . . A. A. Reed 
Sir Frederick Vernon, Mr. Cheesebrough 



MacStuart .... 
Saunders Wylie . . 
Andrew Fairservice . 
Sergeant .... 
Helen Macgregor 
Diana Vernon . Mrs. 

Martha 

Jean McAlpine . . 



. . Sam Ryan 

. Mr. Jackson 

Mr. Nicholson 

. Geo. Edeson 

. Mme. Ponisi 

W. M. Fleming 

Miss Wilson 

Mrs. J. Seymour 



Followed by the Musical Extravaganza, 



"THE INVISIBLE PRINCE, OR THE ISLAND OF TRANQUIL 

DELIGHTS." 



Don Leander (first appearance in New 

York) Mrs. John Wood 

Blousabella . . . Mrs. Carpenter 
Don Moustachez de Harry Barbos 

Mr. Cheesebrough 
Countess Cajola . . . Miss Ryerson 
Countess Caba ... Miss Wilson 

Wink-i Mr. Ryan 

Noo-del Thickhead . . Mr. Edeson 



Sambo Mr. Nicholson 

The Fairy Helen Minturn 

Diego Mr. Henry 

Marquis ..... T. E. Morris 

Abricotina Fanny Deane 

Stiletto Mr. Williams 

Xquisitelittlepet . . . Mrs. Fleming 
Taxalatotittletattle . . Miss Jackson 



3° 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1857 



After which, third act of 

"THE LADY OF LYONS." 

Pauline Jane Coombs I Widow Melnotte Mrs. H. P. Grattan 

Claude Melnotte . . W. M. Fleming I Song — " Annie Laurie " Mrs. Fleming 

"ALL THE WORLD'S A STAGE." 



Diggory T. B. Johnston 

Charles Stanley . Mr. Cheesebrough 
Sir Gilbert Pumpkin . . T. E. Morris 
Miss Bridget Pumpkin 

Mrs. H. P. Grattan 
Scene from 

"THE WIDOW'S VICTIM." 

Jane Chatterly . Mrs. James Seymour | Jeremiah Clip . 



Harry Stukely .... A. A. Reed 
Miss Kitty Sprightly . Miss Minturn 

Simon Chas. Parsloe 

" Stick " James Seymour 



M. W. Leffingwell 



"The Merry Wives of Windsor" was acted Sept. 9, with Clara 
Fisher Maeder as Mrs. Page; Sept. 18, for the benefit of Hackett, 
and last appearance of the company, " Rip Van Winkle " and " The 
Kentuckian " were given. John Brougham and Henry C. Jarrett 
rented the house for one night, Nov. 20, for the purpose of present- 
ing "The Drunkard, or the Fallen Saved." The following an- 
nouncement was made: "One thousand children on the stage; a 
new quadrille by forty-eight lads and lasses, under ten years of 
age, and a Scotch Strathspey, by eight young ladies, under the 
direction of Ben Yates. " The cast of " The Drunkard " was : 



Edward Middleton . Harry Watkins 
Lawyer Cribbs . . M. W. Leffingwell 

Old Johnson Wilson 

Arden Rencelaw .... T. Cline 
Mary Wilson .... Kate Saxon 



Miss Spindle .... Eliza Place 
Mrs. Wilson .... Mrs. Hield 
Bill Dowton .... J. G. Burnett 
Julia Lora Gordon Boon 



Mrs. McMahon, an amateur actress from Buffalo, N. Y., made 
her New York debut Jan. 17, 1857, as Juliet in "Romeo and 
Juliet," when Mrs. Coleman Pope acted Romeo for the first time 
in New York. Mrs. McMahon had made her debut in Buffalo, 
N. Y., Dec. 16, 1856, and the critics of that city were severe to 
her, but the critics of this city attacked her most unmercifully. 

Marietta Gazzaniga made her American d6but at the Academy of 
Music, Philadelphia, Feb. 23, 1857, as Leonora in "II Trovatore." 

She was first heard in this city April 13, following as Violetta 
in " La Traviata. " She sang in Havana, Cuba, in the winters of 
1857 and 1858, during the first season sharing public favor with 
Mme. Frezzolini, and being overshadowed by Signora Gassier 
during the last. She then toured the country under the manage- 
ment of Jacob Grau and Don Diego de Vivo. May 21, 1866, 
she sang Rachel in "La Juive" at the Academy of Music, this 



1857] THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 31 

city. In 1877 she again sang Leonora in the Academy of Music, 
Philadelphia. She died in Italy in December, 1833. During the 
last few years of her public life she sang the contralto r61es in 
many of the operas in which she had previously been heard as a 
soprano. After retiring from the stage she taught music in this 
city for several years, assisted by Sig. Albites, her second hus- 
band, her first having died during one of her visits to Havana. In 
1879 she returned to Italy. Gazzaniga was an admirable lyrical 
actress. There was in her voice a certain purity and sweetness of 
tone which charmed all. It was a clear, silvery, sonorous, power- 
ful voice, and of a capacity I have seldom heard in a soprano. 
She was a prima donna who never got a cold, and never disap- 
pointed the American public. 

The season closed March 21, when Mme. D'Angri and Mme. 
Johannsen made their first appearance at this house. The occasion 
was the appearance of the Italian and German opera companies 
on the same night. The programme was: First act of "Norma," 
Teresa Parodi in the title r61e, followed by a concert in which 
Thalberg and Mme. d'Angri were heard. Second act of "Don 
Giovanni," with Teresa Parodi as Donna Anna; Cora de Wilhorst 
as Zerlina; Amelia Patti-Strakosch as Donna Elvira; Tiberini as 
Don Ottavio; Morelli as Don Giovanni; Dubreuil as Leporello, 
and Morinni as Musetto. This was followed by the second act 
of "Fidelio," Mme. Johannsen as Leonora; Beutler as Florestan; 
Weinlich as Pizarro, and Oehlin as Rocco. The last act of " II 
Trovatore" was given, with Teresa Parodi as Leonora; Mme. Patti- 
Strakosch as Azucena; Tiberini as Manrico, and Morelli as Count 
de Luna. 

A benefit to John Lester occurred May 4, when " Rob Roy " was 
given with this cast : 



Hamish 

Helen Macgregor 
Diana Vernon . 
Mattie .... 
Jean McAlpine . 



"ROB ROY, OR AULD LANG SYNE." 

Bailie Nicol Jarvie Blake 

Dougal Brougham 

Owen J. C. Whiting 

Galbraith C. Walcot 

Thornton Reynolds 

Frederick G. S. Lee 

Sergeant De Silveria 



Rob Roy Wallack 

Rashleigh Osbaldistone . . . Dyott 
Francis Osbaldistone A. H. Davenport 



Kate Pennoyer 

. Mrs. Hoey 

Julia Daly 

Mary Gannon 

Mrs. Sylvester 



This was followed by a new comedietta, by John Brougham, 
entitled "A Decided Case," after which Shelton's Cornet Band 
performed, succeeded by the farce " Jenny Lind, " with John Drew 
as Leatherlungs, and Mrs. John Wood in the title rdle. "Day 
After the Wedding " terminated the performance. Mr. and Mrs. 
E. L. Davenport acted Col. and Lady Freelove. 



32 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Ci8s7 

The house was reopened May i8, by Sig. Morelli, .for three 
nights, in order to introduce Mr. Jacobi, a young American tenor, 
who had been studying in Italy. " II Trovatore " was sung, with 
Jacobi as Manrico and Cora de Wilhorst, her first appearance, as 
Leonora. May 20, "Lucia di Lammermoor; " May 22, "La Figlia 
del Reggimento," when Mile. Aldini sang the part of the tenor. 
A benefit was given to E. A. Marshall, manager of the Broadway 
Theatre, this city, June 3. The programme was the farce " Simp- 
son & Co. " : Mme. Ponisi as Mrs. Simpson, Lizzie Weston 
Davenport as Mrs. Bromley, A. H. Davenport as Bromley. "II 
Trovatore," with Gazzaniga as Leonora, Mile. Phillips as Azucena, 
Brignoli as Manrico, Amodio as Count de Luna, followed. Then 
came the French company (first appearance in this city), under 
the management of Gustave Debos, in the vaudeville, "Edgard 
Bonne," with Mons. Edgard, Sage, Victor, Mme. Gonthier, Dedos, 
Mme. D'Aire, and Mile. Victor in the cast. 

Mme. Anna de La Grange leased this house for six performances 
of Italian opera. She commenced June 29 with "I Puritani," with 
herself, Brignoli, Amodio, and Coletti in the leading r61es. July 
I, 20, "Norma;" "Lucia di Lammermoor;" July 8, "La Som- 
nambula;" July 10, 17, "II Trovatore;" July 15, "I Puritani." 
The house was then leased by William Stuart and Dion Bourcicault 
for summer concerts. The season opened Aug. 6, and among the 
artists were Agnes Robertson, Mrs. John Wood, Mile. Spinola, 
M. Guilemette, Sig. Arnoldi, Henrietta Simon. Robert Stoepel 
was musical director. The prices of admission were 2$ cts., 
reserved seats 50 cts. Elder Hyde, "One of the Seventies" of 
Salt Lake City, Utah, related his personal and religious experi- 
ences of the Prophet Brigham Young and the Mormons Sunday 
night, Aug. 16. Annie Milner, soprano, and Henry C. Cooper, 
violinist, first appeared in America and at this house Aug. 17. 
Ermini Frezzolini made her American debut Sept. 7 as Amina in 
"La Somnambula." Also the same night Labocetta, Gassier, and 
Carl Anschutz were heard. Mme. d'Angri made her debut in 
opera Nov. 2, as Arsace in "Semiramide," with Mme. de La 
Grange in the title r61e. Sig. Bignardi, tenor, made his American 
debut Nov. 2, in "Rigoletto," then acted for the first time here. 
"II Trovatore" was sung Nov. 9, Mme. d'Angri as Azucena for 
the first time in America. Bignardi was Manrico, and Sig. Arda- 
vini (his American debut) was Count de Luna. The season closed 
Nov. 24 with " La Somnambula. " 

The season was resumed Nov. 30, when Karl Formes made his 
American ddbut as Bertram, in "Robert le Diable." This opera 
was a success at the Astor Place Opera House in December, 1851, 
under the management of Max Maretzek. I give the casts then 
and as it was done here under B. Ulmann's direction: 



1858] 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



33 



Alice 

Isabella 

Robert . 

Raimbaut 

Bertram 

Prioress 



Dec, 1851. Dec, 1857. 

Signora StefEanone Mme. de La Grange 

Signora Bosio Mile. Cairoli 

Sig. Bettini Sig. Bignardi 

Sig. Vietti Sig. Labocetta 

Sig. Marini Herr Formes 

Mme. Celeste Signorina RoUa 



Mme. Anna de La Grange and Karl Formes first appeared in 
oratorio in America, December 19, in Haydn's "The Creation." 
Mme. Anne Caradori first appeared in America, Christmas night, 
in "The Messiah," in conjunction with Karl Formes and Mile. 
d'Angri. Mme. Caradori first sang in opera in America, Decem- 
ber 30, as Leonora in "Fidelio." Thalberg's farewell took place 
Jan. 2, 1858. 

B. Ulmann commenced a season of Italian opera Feb. 28, with 
"I Puritani," with this cast: 



Elvira .... Anna de La Grange 

Arthur Talbot Tiberini 

Sir George .... Karl Formes 
Sir Brunno Baratini 



Sir Richard Gassier 

Henrietta Mme. Morra 

Walter Walton Dubreuil 



On Feb. 24 "Don Giovanni" was sung, and three orchestras 
were presented. The one on the right side of the stage played 
"La Gavote," while on the left another orchestra played "The 
Lander," and the regular orchestra executed "The Minuet;" the 
three different melodies composed in three different movements 
and played by the three orchestras at the same time. March i 
" Otello " was given for the first time here. Anna de La Grange 
sang Desdemona, Tiberini was the Otello, Labocetta, Roderigo; 
Gassier as lago ; and Karl Formes as Elmero. " The Huguenots " 
was presented for the first time here March 8, and the cast was : 



Valentina . . . Anna de La Grange 

Marguerita Siedenburg 

II Conte Di San Bris . . . Gassier 
II Conte De Nevers . . . Taffanelli 



Urbana Elena d'Angri 

Raoul Tiberini 

Marcel Formes 



The performance commenced at 7.30. This opera was given once 
before in New York, at the Astor Place Opera House, in 1850, by 
the Havana Opera company, under the direction of Marty, when 
Salvi, StefEanone, and Bosio sang the principal parts. 

Karl Formes took a benefit March 26, and made his last appear- 
ance but one this season. The great basso appeared as Marcel, in 
"The Huguenots." For the matinee, March 27, Karl Formes and 
Mme, Johannsen appeared in "Martha." Formes was a superb 
artist in every respect. He made many enemies among the 
Italians, who conspired and intrigued against him, but in vain. 
He was supported by the Germans and opera goers of all nations, 

VOL. II. — 3 



34 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE L'Sss 

and was a great favorite with the native portion of the opera audi- 
ence. " Leonora," a new American opera, by William Henry Fry, 
was produced for the first time March 29, De La Grange as Leo- 
nora, D'Angri as Tiberini, Rocco as Gassier, and Sig. Baratini 
were the principals. The opera was in the repertoire of the 
Seguins, who sang it in Philadelphia in 1845. "Leonora" was 
not altered from what it was in old times, except that it was trans- 
lated into Italian and a new air introduced for Elena d'Angri and 
a new duet for her and Sig. Tiberini. The casts of characters here 
and at the original representation were as follows : 



Philadelphia, 1845. 

Valdo Peter Richings 

Mantalvo Edward Seguin 

Alferez Mr. Brunton . 

Julio Mr. Frazer . . 

Leonora Mrs. Seguin . 

Mariana Miss I nee . 



New York, 1858. 

. . . Sig. Rocco 
. . . Sig. Gassier 
. . . Sig. Baratini 
. . . Sig. Tiberini 
Mme. de La Grange 
. . Mme. d'Angri 



The season closed April i, with the tenth performance of "The 
Huguenots." From the opening night over seventy performances 
took place, and several new operas were produced in grand style. 
"The Huguenots," "Robert le Diable," and "Don Giovanni" 
saved the season. 

The first dal masque was given here April 12, under the direction 
of Bernard Ulmann. The orchestra consisted of one hundred and 
thirty performers directed by Musard. The rules were that ladies 
must be masked, and not admitted unless accompanied by a gentle- 
man not masked. The ladies could wear fancy costumes, or domi- 
nos. Gentlemen could appear in fancy costumes or plain clothes, 
as they chose. The price of admission was 50 cts., reserved 
seats so cts. extra. In concert Juliana May made her first 
appearance April 26. Carl Anschutz and M. Musard were^'the 
conductors. The Associated Artists began a summer season May 
31. They consisted of Amodio, Brignoli, Gassier, Dubreuil, and 
Max Maretzek, conductor. " Sappho " was sung for the first time 
at this house June 21, with Gazzaniga, Adelaide Phillips, Brignoli, 
and Gassier in the cast. The opera was first produced in this city 
at Castle Garden, for the benefit of Signorina Tedesco. The 
season closed June 26, but the house continued open one week 
longer, when several of the artists took benefits. Theo. Moss 
had a benefit June 29, and a host of volunteers appeared, including 
Matilda Heron, as Medea. 

The eleventh annual benefit of the American Dramatic Fund 
took place Aug. 2, and the bill was " The Rivals. " Sir Anthony 
Absolute, Mark Smith; Captain Absolute, George Jordan; Mrs. 
Malaprop, Mrs. Vernon; Bob Acres, T. B. Johnston; Sir Lucius 



18583 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



35 



O'Trigger, George Boniface; Lydia Languish, Mary Gannon. A 
dance by Ben Yates ; a selection from " Richelieu " with Edwin 
Booth as the Cardinal; a selection from "The Love Chase," cast 
thus: 

Widow Green . Mrs. H. P. Grattan 

Constance Jane Coombs 

Lydia Amelia Parker 

Phebe Miss Francis 

This was followed by a pageant, by John Brougham, entitled 
"Shakespeare's Dream": J. Prior as Chronas, H. Ryner as 
Genius. In the tableau many prominent professionals appeared. 
"The Review, or The Wags of Windsor," came next with this 
cast: 



Sir William Fondlove . . S. W. Glenn 

Wildrake C. Wheatleigh 

Master Waller Hamilton 

Trueworth .... J. W. Collier 



Deputy Bill . . 
Looney McTwotter 
Caleb Quotem 
Grace Gaylove 



W. R. Blake 

. Brougham 

. C. Walcot 

Ada Clifton 



John Lump John Sefton 

Capt. Beaugard .... Jas. Dunn 

Dobbs Lingard 

Lucy Mrs. John Sefton 



This was John Sefton' s first appearance in five years. "A 
Pleasant Neighbor " was also acted, with Cranshawe as Sir George 
Howard, Miss A. Cushman as Lady Howard, Fanny Herring as 
Nancy Strop, Geo. L. Fox as Christopher Strop, and Bruce as 
Thomas. " The Dumb Girl of Genoa " closed the entertainment : 



Strappado F. Watkins 

Justin W. Taylor 

Moco H. Jordan 



Count Corvosie Duncan 

Desperetto E. F. Taylor 

Julietta Julia TurnbuU 



Max Maretzek began a season of opera Aug. 30 with "La Som- 
nambula " : 



Amina Pepita Gassier 

Lisa Goldoni 

Count Rudolfo Gassier 



Elvino Perring 

Teresa Avogadro 



The conductors were Angelo Torriani and Maretzek. This was 
the first appearance in America of Pepita Gassier. Sept. 3 
" Rigoletto " was sung, with the first appearance in New York of 
Sig. Steffani, as the Duke. Sig. Garibaldi also made his New 
York debut singing Sparafucile. Adelaide Phillips appeared as 
Magdalen. Oct. 4 "La Traviata" was sung, and was the first 
appearance of Sig. Striglia. The annual benefit for the Roman 
Catholic Orphan Asylum of this city occurred afternoon and even- 
ing Oct. 14, under the direction of John Brougham. The pro- 
gramme was: Matinee — "Swiss Swains" by the Wren Juvenile 
comedians, followed by "A Morning Call," in which Geo. C. 
Boniface and Mme. Ponisi had the principal r61es ; after this came 
a musical entertainment, in which Mme. Lovarney sang, Ed. 



36 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1858 



Mollenhauer executed a violin solo, Wood's Minstrels appeared, 
and James E. Dunn sang, the bill concluding with "A Conjugal 
Lesson," by A. W. Young and Mrs. W. G. Jones. In the evening, 
"A Pretty Piece of Business," introducing Chas. Walcot, John 
Brougham, Amelia Parker, Mrs. H. Bland, and Miss Miller. 
This was followed by Herr Cline on the tight-rope; duet by 
Walter Ralyea and Rosita Goldoni; "The Old Guard," with Mr. 
and Mrs. Mark Smith and Mr. Briggs in the cast; Mme. Lovarney 
sang "Kathleen Mavourneen;" the farce, "Sketches in India," 
by Geo. L. Fox, James Lingard, T. S. Cline, John Moore, Bruc- 
ciani, Mrs. H. Moore, Fanny Herring, and Mrs. Seymour; comic 
song by Little Fred Wren, the programme concluding with " The 
Irish Tutor," by J. Seymour, Bellamy, White, Mrs. Seymour, and 
Annie White. 

B. Ulmann began a season of Italian opera Oct. 20, with the 
American debut of Piccolomini ; also Sig. Muzio, musical director. 
"La Traviata" was the initial performance, Piccolomini making 
her debut as Violetta. Senorita Soto, danseuse, appeared in the 
ballroom scene. The Academy was crowded to suffocation, and 
the receipts were four thousand dollars. Piccolomini took the 
house by storm ; she was petite, not absolutely handsome, but 
pretty, had a pair of dancing eyes, a charming naiveti of manner, 
a great talent for dramatic action of the most effective character, 
and a pure soprano voice, not very powerful, but sympathetic and 
sweet. On Oct. 27 Piccolomini and Karl Formes appeared as 
Marie and Sergeant Sulpizio, in "The Daughter of the Regiment; " 
Nov. 8, "Don Giovanni," with Gazzaniga as Donna Anna, Mile. 
Ghioni (her first appearance in America) as Donna Elvira, Piccolo- 
mini as Zerlina, and Karl Formes as Leporello. Mme. Laborde 
made her American debut Nov. 13, as Norma, Mile. Ghioni acting 
Adalgisa. The comic opera, "La Serva Padrona" ("The Domi- 
neering Housemaid "), with Piccolomini as the petulant housemaid, 
was sung on the same date. " Le Nozze di Figaro " was first sung 
in America Nov. 23. The English version of this opera was given 
in New Orleans, September 1836, with Charlotte Cushman as the 
Countess. This opera was also heard about the same time at the 
old National Theatre, Leonard and Church streets. The cast on 
the present occasion at the Academy was : 



Susanna 
The Countess 
Cherubun . 
Marcelline . 
Don Curzio 



. Piccolomini 
Mme. Ghioni 
Mme. Berkel 
. Mme. Mora 
Sig. Baratini 



Figaro Herr Formes 

The Count .... Sig. Florenza 

Bartolo Weinlich 

Don Basilic Mullet 



^^ Gazzaniga took a benefit and her farewell Nov. 26 and 27. 
"Robert le Diable" was sung, with Laborde and Gazzaniga as 



»8S9ll 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



37 



Isabella and Alice, Nov. 26, and " II Trovatore " Nov. 27, Picco- 
lomini as Leonora; also the second act of "La Somnambula," 
Laborde's first appearance as Amina. Mile. Poinsot made her 
American debut Dec. 3 as Valentine in " The Huguenots. " The 
season closed Dec. 8. 

A mammoth series of entertainments took place Dec. 18-21, 22, 
in aid of the Mount Vernon Association for the Preservation of 
Washington's Home, composed of dramatic performances, operatic 
concerts, tableau vivants, a ball, and concert d la Musard. Prob- 
ably one of the greatest dramatic entertainments ever given in this 
country was that of Dec. 18, when the attraction was "Faint 
Heart Never Won Fair Lady": Wayne Olwine as Ruy Gomez, 
John Moore as Marquis de Santa Cruz, Ada Clifton as Charles 
II., Lawson as Pedro, James Ward as Guzman, Fanny Morant as 
the Duchess, and Mrs. H. Moore as the Duenna, followed by 
"Medea": Mrs. J. H. Allen as Creusa, Mrs. H. P. Grattan as 
lanthe, J. H. Allen as Jason, H. Howard as Creen, J. J. Prior as 
Orpheus, Viola and Adele Plunkett as Lycaon and Melanthus. 
This was succeeded by a musical tnilange, in which Pauline Col- 
son, Lucy Escott, Mme. Caradori and Arthur Napoleon appeared. 
"The Maid With the Milking Pail" followed, with Agnes Robert- 
son as Milly, W. Reynolds as Algernon, Whiting as Lord Phil- 
ander, Sloan as Diccon. " A Morning Call " came next, and 
introduced, for the first time in this city for six years, Catharine 
Sinclair Forrest, as Mrs. Chillington. Henry Sedley also made 
his first appearance in New York, acting Sir Edward Ardent. 
Then came John Brougham's burlesque of "Columbus," with 
additional lines appropriate to the occasion. After this came 
Brougham's "A Decided Case": 



Capt. Dudley . . . Lester Wallack 

Percival Levere 

Mrs. St. Leger . . . Mrs. Reeves 



Stubbs John Sloan 

Lady Angela . . . Mrs. John Hoey 



The Campbell Minstrels concluded the entertainment. On Tues- 
day, Dec. 21, the second day of the festival, a dress ball was 
given. Mons. Musard, with his orchestra, made his first appear- 
ance in America as conductor of a ball. On Wednesday, Dec. 22, 
the third and last day of the festival, a concert was given under 
the direction of Mons. Musard and Carl Bergmann. 

Ulmann commenced a series of six performances of Italian opera 
Jan. 6, 1859, when "Martha" was given Jan. 7, with Brignoli, 
Laborde, and Formes in the cast; Jan. 8, "Don Giovanni," Picco- 
lomini as Zerlina, Poinsot as Donna Anna, and Ghioni as Elvira. 
"La Zingara" ("The Bohemian Girl") Jan. 10. " Martha" and 
" La Serva Padrona " (matinee), and evening, concert and oratorio 
of "The Creation." A version of "The Bohemian^Girl" was first 



38 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cx8S9 



given at Her Majesty's Theatre, London, February, 1857. The 
casts in London and at the Academy, this city, were as follows: 



Arline . . . 
Thaddeus . . 
Count Arnheim 
Devilshoot 
Gypsy Queen . 



London. New York, 1859. 

Piccolomini Piccolomini 

. Guiglini Brignoli 

Belletti Florenza 

. Vialetti Coletti 

Lannier Ghioni 



In July the " Gypsy Queen " was sung by Alboni. The opera was 
originally produced at Drury Lane Theatre, London, in 1843, 
when Alfred Bunn was the manager. Piccolomini announced her 
farewell July 13, in "La Traviata," when Brignoli and Piccolomini 
appeared for the first time together in this opera. The season 
closed Jan. 15, but Piccolomini gave a performance of Norina in 
"Don Pasquale," matinee Feb. 12, stopping over in New York, 
en route for another city. March 7 a concert was given for the 
benefit of George F. Bristow. J. B. Brown took a benefit March 
ri, when he recited several pieces and appeared in scenes, assisted 
by Victoria Randolph, her first appearance in public. Prof. M. 
Colburn and a lady from private life, Mrs. Dr. J. J. O'Brien, gave 
gems from the opera. Geo. F. Bristow presided at the piano. 

Gazzaniga reappeared April 11, as Violetta in "La Traviata." 
Mile. Caroline Alimo made her American d6but April 22 as 
Norma. 

An amateur performance was given April 28, for the benefit of 
the American Dramatic Fund. It was an extraordinary theatrical 
performance, the scheme of which originated with John Brougham. 

In the programme was a new play by Brougham and Goodrich, 
called "The Dark Hour Before the Dawn," cast as follows: 



Alfred De Sonneville C. P. Rosenberg 
Vicomte De Rosierre • . J. S. Keese 

Laforce Alfred Carroll 

Baron De Trop . . . . E. M. Curtis 



Cecile Miss Elliott 

Joseph . . . . J. H. Wainwright 
Papa Chauve .... Jas. CafEerty 



There were also in the cast J. A. Page, J. Alstyn, Marsh, Dris- 
coU, Remsen, F. Bellew, Norton, Browne, and Addison. There 
were operatic selections, and a recitation by W. Taylor. Mme. 
La Comtesse Ferussac made her first and only appearance June 14, 
in grand opera, for the benefit of the Woman's Hospital Associa- 
tion. " I Puritani " was presented, with La Comtesse as Elvira, 
Brignoli as Antonio, Amodio as Riccardo, Sig. Junca as Geofgi, 
and Barili as the Gouverneur. One of the greatest drawbacks to 
the success of the Academy was the free stockholder seats. One 
share entitled the owner to one seat, and those who owned four 
shares or more were entitled to a box. For thirty years, almost 
without exception, the building was rented only upon condition 



I8S9D THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 39 

that the seats and boxes owned by the stockholders should belong 
to them for every performance. During the years from 1854 until 
1 86 1 the rent demanded was 1^24,000 a year, to which must be 
added the cost of losing most of the best boxes and the best seats. 

The next operatic season opened Sept. 10, 1859, with the 
nucleus of three Italian Opera companies, among whom were 
Mme. Gassier, Mme. Adelaide Cortes, Mme. Strakosch, Sig. 
Brignoli, Sig. Stefani, Sig. Amodio, and Sig. Junca. Max Maretzek 
was_ the director, and B. Ulmann general superintendent. "II 
Poliuto, or The Martyrs " was the opening opera, with Cortesi and 
Brignoli in the leading rSles. Mme. Gassier appeared Sept. 14 
in "La Somnambula;" Brignoli, Elvino; Amodio, the Count. 
"Norma" was sung Sept. 15, Adelaide Cortesi in the title r61e. 
"Barber of Seville," Sept. 16, with Mme. Gassier, Rocco, Amodio, 
and Brignoli in the cast. In the lesson scene, Mme. Gassier sang 
the Venzane Waltz, also, with Sig. Gassier, a Spanish duet ; " Lucia 
di Lammermoor," matinee, Sept. 17, with Gassier in title r61e, 
Stefani as Edgardo, and Sig. Gassier as Ashton. This was fol- 
lowed by the second act of "Norma," with Cortesi, Strakosch, and 
Stefani in the cast. The last act of "II Trovatore," with Cortesi 
as Leonora, Brignoli and Amodio in the cast, closed the perform- 
ance. "II Poliuto" was sung Sept. 19, Brignoli, Cortesi, and 
Amodio in the principal r61es. "II Trovatore," Sept. 21, with 
Cortesi as Leonora, for the first time in America; "I Puritan i," 
Sept, 22, with Mme. Gassier as Elvira (first time in America), 
Brignoli as Arturo, Amodio as Riccardo; "Traviata," Sept. 23, 
Cortesi as Violetta ; Brignoli, Alfredo ; Amodio, Germont ; " Lucia 
di Lammermoor," matinee, Sept. 24. The fourth act of "II Tro- 
vatore," the fifth act "Barber of Seville," Mme. and Sig. Gassier 
as Rosina and Figaro, the duet from the second act of " I Puri- 
tani," Amodio as Riccardo, Sig. Junca as Georgio. Arthur Napo- 
leon, pianist, appeared, for the first time in this house. One 
dollar was the admission fee to all parts of the house. " II Tro- 
vatore" was sung Sept. 26; "Ernani," Sept. 28, Mme. Gassier as 
Elvira, Stefani as Ernani, and Amodio as Carlos. "Don Gio- 
vanni," Sept. 30, Cortesi as Anna; Mme. Strakosch as Elvira; 
Brignoli, Ottavio; and Sig. Mueller, Commandatore. "Ernani" 
was sung matinee, Oct. i, also third act of "II Poliuto," scenes 
from "The Barber of Seville," and a concert by Mr. Mills, the 
pianist, and others. 

The regular operatic season opened Oct. 26, 1859, with "II 
Poliuto" cast thus: Pauline, Mme. Gazzaniga; Severus, Amodio; 
Nearous, Rubio; Polyutus, Brignoli; Felix, Shelo; Calisthenes, 
Mueller. 

"La Traviata" was sung with Mile. Speranza as Violetta; Brig- 
noli, Alfredo; Amodio, Germont; Oct. 27, "Rigoletto;" Oct. 28, 



40 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1859 

Mme. Gazzaniga sang Pauline in "II Poliuto;" matinee, Oct. 29, 
also the first act of " La Traviata," with Adelaide Speranza in the 
chief r61e, and the fourth act of "Rigoletto," with Colson, Gaz- 
zaniga, and Speranza, and Ferri in the cast. " Maria de Rohan " 
was sung Oct. 31, with Gazzaniga in the title r61e for the first time 
in America. Sig. Beaucarde, tenor, made his American d^but Nov. 
2, as Fernando in "La Favor ita," with Gazzaniga as Leonora, 
Amodio as Alphonso. " Lucrezia Borgia " was sung Nov. 4, with 
Beaucarde as Genaro, and Gazzaniga as Lucrezia. For the 
matinee, Nov. $, the fourth act of " La Favorita " was given with 
Gazzaniga as Leonora. The operetta "Never Judge by Appear- 
ances" was given Nov. 6, when Mr. and Mrs. Henry Dayton 
appeared, also "Rigoletto." "Sicilian Vespers" was sung Nov. 7, 
for the first time in America; Elena, Mme. Colson; Governor, 
Ferri; Arrigo, Brignoli; Procida, Junca. 

Mme. Albertine made her American d^but Nov. 17, as Leonora 
in "II Trovatore," with Beaucarde as Manrico. For the matinee, 
Nov. 19, Albertine, Colson, and Gazzaniga, the three/irime donne, 
appeared in "Sicilian Vespers," and the fourth act of "La Tra- 
viata" was given. "The Magic Flute," first heard in America 
Nov. 21, with Queen of the Night, Mme. Colson; Papagena, Mme. 
Strakosch; Pamina, Gazzaniga. On Thanksgiving matinee, Nov. 
24, Mme. Anna Bishop was heard in "Tancredi," and also sang 
Casta Diva from " Norma. " Mme. Albertine appeared as Leonora 
in " II Trovatore. " Adelina Patti sang Lucia in " Lucia di Lam- 
mermoor," with Brignoli as Edgardo; Patti also sang Lucia at 
matinee, Nov. 26, Amina in "La Somnambula," Dec. i. "The 
Huguenots" was sung Dec. 2, and the season closed Dec. 3, 
with Patti as Amina in " La Somnambula. " The house reopened 
Dec. 21, with "Lucia di Lammermoor," and "Ernani," Dec. 26; 
Adelina Patti sang Zerlina, Dec. 27, in "Don Giovanni," and for 
her farewell benefit, Dec. 29, was heard in "La Somnambula;" the 
first act of " La Favorita " was also sung, and the second act of 
" Lucrezia Borgia, " with Susini as the Duke, Gazzaniga as Lucrezia 
Borgia. The season closed Dec. 30 with "Don Giovanni," Gaz- 
zaniga as Donna Anna and Patti as Zerlina. 

Adelina Patti was born at Madrid, Spain, on Feb. 19, 1843. 
The certificate of her baptism has been discovered, and has been 
published by the Spanish papers. It is dated April 8, 1843, and 
certifies that on that day Don Jose Losada, vicar of the Parish of 
Saint Louis, Madrid, baptized a child born in Fuencarral Street, 
in the same city, daughter of Salvator Patti, professor of music, a 
native of Catania, in Sicily, and of Caterina Patti, nh Chiesa, 
a native of Rome. The child's godparents gave her the name of 
Adele Jeanne Marie. The family settled in New York when 
Adelina was about a year old, which gave rise to the belief that 



1860] THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 4 1 

she is a native of this city. The father of Patti, Salvator Patti, 
was a tenor of repute in Italy. Probably Patti has received a 
larger salary than any living person. She was engaged for a tour 
of eight months in America, commencing in September, 1871, and 
was to sing either at concerts, in opera, or in oratorio one hundred 
times, receiving for each performance ;£400, or ;£40,ooo for eight 
months, exclusive of all the travelling expenses of her husband 
and suite, to be paid by Strakosch, who was to deposit with the 
Rothschilds in Paris ;£20,ooo as a guarantee. 

Nilsson received ^1,000 a night in England, and when she came 
to America this was increased to ;?i,Soo a night. Mile. Tietjens 
(in America in 1875) had $800 a night guaranteed her, besides half 
the receipts over a certain sum. Mme. Patti, during her last visit 
to this country, was paid $5,000 a night, payable in advance at noon 
on the day she sang. 

"II Poliuto" was sung Sept. 5, i860, with Cortesi as Paolina, 
Musiani as Polyutus, and Amodio as Severus. 

" Lucia " was given Sept. 6, with Patti and Musiani ; " II Tro- 
vatore," Sept. 7, with Cortesi, Mme. Strakosch, Musiani, and 
Amodio, and at a matinee on Sept. 8, " La Somnambula " was re- 
peated. " II Barbiere " was sung Sept. 10, with Patti as Rosina, 
Brignoli as Count Almaviva, E. Barili as Figaro, Susini as Dr. 
Bartolo, and Mme. Fischer as Bertha ; " II Trovatore, " Sept. 1 1 ; 
"I Puritani," Sept. 12, with Patti as Elvira; Brignoli, Arturo; 
Amodio, Riccardo; and Susini, Georgio. Owing to a difificulty 
with Cortesi, she did not appear Sept. 1 3, in " La Traviata, " but 
withdrew, and, organizing a Cortesi company, appeared at Niblo's 
Garden. "Martha" was sung Sept. 14; "Norma," Sept. 15, with 
Parodi taking Cortesi's position. Mme. Inez Fabbri appeared 
Sept. 17, in "Lucrezia Borgia;" "Sicilian Vespers" was heard 
Sept. ig, with Pauline Colson (first appearance) as Princess Elena, 
Sig. Stigelli (first appearance) as Arrigo, Sig. Ferri as Governor, 
and M. Genebrel (first appearance) as John of Procida. Barili died 
in Philadelphia, 1885. 

B. Ulmann opened a season Oct. 24, when Karl Formes reap- 
peared as Bertram in " Robert le Diable," with Fabbri as Alice, and 
Stigelli as Robert. " Martha " was sung Oct. 26, with Fabbri as 
Lady Henrietta, and Mme. Martini D'Ormy as Nancy. "Les 
Huguenots " was heard Oct. 29, by Mme. Fabbri, Mme. Maretzek, 
Mme. Fanny Natalie, and Signors Stigelli, Formes, Abelli, and 
Weinlich. Karl Formes sang Caspar in "Der Freischiitz," Oct. 
31. The season closed Nov. i, with " Martha. " Another season 
commenced Nov. 26, with Sig. Stefani, tenor, Sig. Florenza, and 
Mme. Anna Bishop added to the troupe. " La Juive " was given. 
Fabbri was La Juive, Mme. Anna Bishop the princess Eudaxia, 
Sig. Stigelli, Eleazar, and Herr Formes the Cardinal. It was 



42 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C'sei 



repeated Nov. 28 and 30, Dec. i and 3, and was announced for the 
7th, but on the latter day Mr. Ulmann published a card, announc- 
ing that, through want of public support, he was compelled to give 
up the management. Mme. Fabbri, Sig. Stigelli, and Herr Formes 
appeared Dec. 7 in "Masaniello," followed by "Stradella," Dec. 8, 
and "The Child of the Regiment," Dec. 12, when the theatre was 
closed. For the benefit of Karl Formes, Jan. i, 1861, "Martha" 
was sung, with Bertha Johannsen (first time in four years) as Lady 
Henrietta; Jan. 11, "La Juive" was heard for Stigelli's benefit. 

Another season of Italian opera began Jan. 21, under the man- 
agement of the Associated Artists. Muzio was the conductor, 
Jacob Grau, director, and D. de Vivo, manager. The company 
included Pauline Colson, Isabella Hinckley, Mile. Elena, a dgbu 
tante, Adelaide Phillips, and Signori Brignoli, Ferri, Susini, 
Stefani, Ippolito, and Coletti. Their first production was "II 
Giuramento. " 



Elgira Pauline Colson 

Viscardo Signor Brignoli 



[ Bianca .... Adelaide Phillips 
Manfredi Signor Ferri 



Miss Hinckley made her debut Jan. 23, in "Lucia." Miss 
Hinckley was married to Sig. Susini, and gave birth to a daughter 
June 2, 1862. Her confinement, however, was followed by puer- 
peral fever, which, turning to typhoid, terminated fatally July 6, 
1862. This lady sang twice at Court at The Hague, and received 
a most flattering mark of attention from Her Majesty the Queen of 
Holland, who took her by the hand, complimented her highly upon 
her voice, and shortly after presented her with a handsome bracelet. 
" II Trovatore " was given Jan. 29, with Miss Hinckley as Leonora 
and Miss Phillips as Azucena. Jan. 31, Signorina Elena made 
her d^but as Lucrezia Borgia. Feb. 2, the Philharmonic Society 
gave another concert. " II Barbiere " was sung Feb. 4, and 
"Martha," Feb. 6. Feb. 11, Verdi's opera, "Un Ballo in Mas- 
chera " was given for the first time in America, and with this cast : 



Amelia Pauline Colson 

Oscar Isabella Hinckley 

Ulrica .... Adelaide Phillips 



Riccardo Signor Brignoli 

Renarto Signor Ferri 



It was repeated Feb. 13, 16, 18, 20, when President-elect Lin- 
coln attended, and Feb. 22 and 25. Clara Louise Kellogg made 
her public operatic d6but in New York, Feb. 27, as Gilda in 
"Rigoletto." "Don Giovanni" was sung March i. Miss Kel- 
logg again appeared as Gilda, March 2 ; " Un Ballo " was repeated 
March 4-8; "II Poliuto," March 8. Miss Kellogg first essayed 
the r6le of Linda in "Linda di Chamounix," matinde, March 9. 
This closed the season. " Un Ballo in Maschera " had a greater 



iseo 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



43 



success than any opera since " II Trovatore. " While in the height 
of its popularity it was withdrawn in order to permit Miss Kellogg 
to make her ddbut in "Rigoletto," Stigelli making his rentr^e in 
the tenor part. 

Clara Louise Kellogg began her professional career as a concert 
singer, and soon acquired the highest position in opera and in 
oratorio. As a singer she did not astonish you — she delighted 
you. She was so natural, so sympathetic in voice and manner, so 
nearly faultless in method, and exquisitely happy in imparting the 
sentiment of a song, or in illustrating the dramatic purport of a 
scene. 

The thirteenth annual benefit of the American Dramatic Fund 
took place March 21, when "Macbeth" was acted with this phe- 
nomenal cast : 



Macbeth Edwin Booth 

Macduff Charles Fisher 

Duncan .... C. Kemble Mason 

Malcolm O. B. Collins 

Banquo A. W. Fenno 

Lenox T. Wemyss 

Rosse T. Hamblin, Jr. 

Seward Haviland 

Seton Jeffries 

Physician Bridgman 

First Officer Mr. Wine 

Second Officer H. Daly 

First Murderer . . J. C. Williamson 



Second Murderer Cook 

Bleeding Soldier . . F. L. Rodgers 
First Apparition . . Mr. Thompson 

Donalbain Miss Cook 

Fleance Miss Douglas 

Hecate George Rea 

Lady Macbeth . . Charlotte Cushman 
First Singing Witch Mme. Anna Bishop 
Second Singing Witch . Mrs. Reeves 
Gentlewoman .... Mrs. France 
First Witch .... Harry Pearson 
Second Witch .... John Sefton 
Third Witch . . . James W. Lingard 



After the tragedy Mme. Anna Bishop sang " The Flag of Our 
Union," words by Gen. G. P. Morris. L. J. Vincent was stage 
manager. The receipts were $2,040, and netted to the Fund abbut 
;$i,700, — the largest benefit the Fund had ever received. 

The Associated Operatic Artists returned April 8, for one week. 
"Moses in Egypt" was sung April 14, with Hinckley, Phillips, 
Stigelli, Ferri, and Susini in the cast. Mme. Anna Bishop took 
a benefit April 19, when " The Bohemian Girl " was given. Mons. 
and Mme. Blondin appeared, for the last time in America, April 
20, Philharmonic concert; Thursday, April 25, benefit of Harry 
Pearson, prior to his departure for the war, when "Henry IV." 
was played by Messrs. Conway, Harkins, Hall, Chester, Martin, 
Andrews, and Pearson, and the Misses Beck, Taylor, Ellis, Gold- 
ing, and Le Brun. May 17, Military Festival of the First German 
Rifle Regiment; May 25, benefit of the Regiment Fund of the 
U. S. Guard; July 4, dramatic entertainments by Mr, and Mrs. 
Barney Williams, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Florence, and a host of as- 
sistants. This was the first time the Florences and the Williamses 
appeared together. The bill was "Customs of the Country," "The 
Irish Tiger," and "Irish Lion." Owen S. Fawcett made his first 



44 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Ci86a 

appearance in New York, on this occasion as Mr. Wadd, in " The 
Irish Lion." 

B. Ulmann assumed the management of this house Sept. i6, 
1861, when Professor Herrmann, the prestidigitateuf, made his 
American debut. Theo. Thomas' Italian Opera Orchestra was 
also engaged. "Un Ballo in Maschera" was given Oct. 17-21, 
and matinee, Oct. 26, with Miss Kellogg, Miss Hinckley, Mme. 
Strakosch, and Signori Brignoli, Mancusi, Dubreuil, and Barili, 
in the cast, and Signor Muzio as director; Oct. 28, the opera, "Le 
Noces de Jeannette" (Jeannette's Marriage) was sung for the first 
time in New York; also Donizetti's opera, "Betly." The prin- 
cipal characters in " Betly " were sustained by Miss Hinckley and 
Signori Brignoli and Susini. " Les Noces de Jeannette " was sung 
in French, Miss Kellogg enacting the r61e of the heroine, sup- 
ported by Dubreuil, Elena, and Mazzini. Oct. 31, a grand union 
concert was given by the Mesdames Johannsen and Von Berkel, 
Messrs. Quint, Linsheim, Mueller, and Weinlich, and the members 
of the Harmonic Society. Nov. i, a concert was given by Carlotta 
Patti, Madame Strakosch, Signori Macaferri, Barili, Adam Tou- 
hay, and Theodore Thomas, in aid of the families of the volunteers. 
Dec. 7, the Twenty-second Regiment band concert took place, 
with Madame Johannsen, Madame Vollandt, S. C. Campbell, J. 
R. Thomas, Carl Berghman, Robert Goldbeck, and Messrs. Saul, 
Dietz, Gewait, and Deusch as the additional artists. 

Geo. L. Fox and James W. Lingard leased this house and 
opened Dec. 9, with William Hanlon in his aerial act, entitled 
"Zampillaerostation," also a pantomime troupe. A short season 
of Italian opera was opened Jan. 15, 1862, under the management 
of Jacob Grau. The company was made up as follows : Miss 
Kellogg, Miss Hinckley, Madame Strakosch, Signori Brignoli, 
Manchesi, and Barili. The operas given were as follow: Jan. 15, 
"La Traviata;" Jan. 17, "Un Ballo in Maschera." Max Maret- 
zek, having returned from Havana, joined forces with Mr. Grau, 
and a two weeks' season commenced under their joint manage- 
ment, Jan. 29, with Miss Kellogg, Madame Strakosch, and Brig- 
noli, Susini, and Barili in "Martha." Jan. 31, "II Trovatore;" 
Feb. 3, was the dibut of Signor Ippolita as Germont, in " La 
Traviata;" Feb. 5, "Un Ballo in Maschera;" Feb. 7, "Linda di 
Chamounix;" Feb. 10, "La Somnambula;" Feb. 15, matinee, 
"Martha;" Feb. 21, military festival of the Regiment des Enfants 
Perdu ; Feb. 24, Prof. Adrien, the magician ; Feb. 28, Kellogg in 
"Lucia," and L. M. Gottschalk, the pianist; matinee, Feb. 28, 
" Betly " and Gottschalk. 

Mr. Grau commenced another season March 19, with" Un Ballo 
in Maschera;" March 20, "Masaniello," with Isabella Hinckley 
as Elvira, Isabella Cubas as Fenella, Susini as Pietro, Brignoli as 



1862] THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 45 

Masaniello, and Barili as Bonello; March 21, "Martha;" March 
22 (matinee) and March 24, "Masaniello;" March 26, Mme. de 
Lussan made her debut in "La Favorita". Her voice was a 
pure soprano, reaching from G to C in alt. March 28, Mme. 
Elena d'Angri appeared as Rosina, in "II Barbiere;" March 29, 
"Linda;" April 10, the Academy was given up to a reception to 
the officers of the frigates Cumberland and Congress, and on the 
three first nights of the following week the Brothers Lubin ap- 
peared in magical stances. " 

Grau returned with his company April 21. Sig. Tombesi (tenor) 
sang the Duke in "Rigoletto." Kellogg was Gilda; D'Angri, 
Magdalen; Barili, Sparafucile; and Ferri, Rigoletto; April 23, 
"La Figlia del Reggimento," with Kellogg as Marie; April 25, 
D'Angri as Leonora in "La Favorita." 

Billy Birch and Ben Cotton's minstrels took a benefit here May 
13. Emilie J. Boughton, a society lady, made her debut May 22, 
as Violetta, in " La Traviata. " 

Mme. Comte commenced a new opera season June 1 1, at popular 
prices, singing "Lucrezia Borgia." Ulmann had a benefit June 18, 
when the season closed. 

Mme. Herrmann made her debut as a pianist Oct. 23, on which 
occasion Carlotta Patti made her first appearance at this house. 
William Fleming, formerly manager of the Winter Garden, took 
a benefit here Sept. 8, 1862. The programme consisted of "The 
Soldier's Return," "The Maid of Croissy," "A Conjugal Lesson," 
"A Rough Diamond," and a concert. Among those participating 
were W. M. Fleming, John T. Raymond, Harry Pearson, J. R. 
Thomas, Miranda, Willie Pape, Dr. C. W. Beames, Ada Clifton, 
Evelyn Lyon, Mrs. L. Hill, George Christy's minstrels, Mile. 
Annetta Galetti, and a ballet company. On Sept. 22, James M. 
Nixon took this house for the purpose of introducing Carlotta 
Patti in opera. She appeared as Amina, in "La Somnambula," 
supported by Sig. Sbriglia as Elvino, Susini as the Count, and 
Fanny Stockton as Lisa, the other parts being sustained by 
Messrs. Mancusi and Ximenes, and Mme. Arogardo. Sept. 24, " La 
Somnambula" was repeated; "Lucia," with Carlotta Patti in the 
title r61e, and Brignoli as Edgardo ; " Lucia " was repeated at the 
matinee, Sept. 27, when Isabel Cubas and Ximenes appeared in 
ballet. Patti 's last appearance was in the opera of "I Puritani," 
Oct. 3. 

Jacob Grau commenced a season of Italian opera Nov. 10, 1862, 
introducing Mile. Genevra Guerrabella as Violetta, in "La Tra- 
viata," supported by Sig. Amodip and Barili. This lady's right 
name is Genevieve Ward. She is the daughter of Samuel Ward 
of this city. In 1858 she went to Paris, where she made her first 
appearance on the stage, in April, 1859, ^s Elvira, in the opera of 



46 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE L^m 



"Don Giovanni." She married a Russian count, who soon grew 
weary of his wedded bliss and abandoned her; but, on her appeal 
to the Czar, the marriage was legalized, and the faithless husband 
was banished to Siberia. In 1862 she returned to America and 
travelled as a dramatic star. She made her debut at Booth's 
Theatre, in the fall of 1878, and played a successful engagement 
under Jarrett & Palmer's management. 

Mme. Lorini, daughter of David Whiting, reappeared Nov. 14-17 
in the title r61e of "Norma," Mile. Morensi as Adelgisa, Sig. 
Macaferri as Pollione, Susini as Oroveso. "La Traviata," an act 
of " Norma, " and " The Star Spangled Banner " were sung matinee, 
Nov. 22. There were present Mrs. President Lincoln and Mrs. 
McClellan. "Dinorah" had its first performance in this city, 
Nov. 24. 



Dinorah (first appearance) Mile. Cordier 

Corenti Signer Brignoli 

Hunter Signer Susini 



Hoel Signer Amodio 

First Goatherd . . . Mile. Morensi 
Second Goatherd . . Fanny Stockton 



" Dinorah " was repeated Nov. 26 and 28, Dec. i, 6, and 8 ; Nov. 
27, "Lucrezia Borgia;" Dec. 3-5, "La Favorita;" Dec. 9, 
"Norma;" Dec. 10 and 14, "Un Ballo in Maschera;" Dec. 12, 
"Ernani," fourth act of "La Favorita," and shadow song from 
"Dinorah." The season closed on Dec. 15, with "I Puritani." 
Dec. 4, 16, 18, Mason Jones, an English lecturer, occupied the 
Academy. Dec. 22, a benefit was given to the child pianist, Teresa 
Carreno, when Madame d'Angri, W. Castle, S. C. Campbell, 
Theodore Thomas, Signor Abilla, and Mr. Eben assisted. 

After having been redecorated and improved this house was re- 
opened Sept. 12, 1864, by Leonard Grover, for a season of German 
opera. The company was a strong one, numbering in all no fewer 
than one hundred persons, many of the principals being artists of 
eminence. Carl Anschutz was the conductor, and among the 
singers were Mme. Marie Frederici-Himmer, Mile. Marie Hollman 
from the Royal Opera House, Berlin, Mme. Bertha Johannsen, 
Mile. Sophie Dziuba, Mile. Pauline Canissa, and Mmes. Ernest 
La Roche and Pauline Berger; Herr Franz Himmer, Theo. 
Habelmann, Arnot Quinta, Isidore Lehman, from the Royal 
Opera House, Berlin; Heinrich Steinecke, Joseph Herrmann, 
Joseph Kreutzer, Anton Graff, Edouard Haimer, Zinsheim, Otto 
Lehman, and Alphonse Urchs, with Adoph Neuendorff as chorus 
master. The opening opera was "Faust," given thus: Faust, 
Signor Tomaro; Mephisto, Herr Herrmann; Valentine, Herr 
Steinecke; Wagner, Herr Graff; Marguerite, Mme. Frederici- 
Himmer; Siebel, Mme. Bertha Johannsen. Signor Tomaro was 
called upon at short notice to take the place of Herr Himmer, who 
was announced to appear as Faust, but who was suddenly attacked 



1864^ 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



47 



with a severe illness. Sept. 14, "Martha" was sung by Mmes. 
Johannsen and Frederici-Himmer, and Herren Habelmann, Stein- 
ecke, Graff, and Otto Lehman. Sept. 16, "Der Freischiitz" was 
given, with Joseph WeinUch as Caspar ; and " Faust " was repeated 
at a matinee, Sept. 17, with the same gentleman as Mephisto. 
Sept. 19, Karl Fbrmes made his first appearance in opera in this 
city in six years. The opera was "Robert le Diable," and the 
cast was a notable one: 



Bertram Karl Formes 

Robert Herr Himmer 

Raimbaud .... Herr Habelmann 
Albert! , Herr Haimer 



Alice .... Mme. Johanna Rotter 
Isabella . . Mme. Bertha Johannsen 
Elena (first appearance in New York) 
Theresa Wood 



"Faust" was repeated Sept. 21; "Martha" was sung Sept. 22, 
with Herr Formes as Plunkett. Sept. 23, Halevey's "La Juive" 
was heard, and at a matinee the following day, " Robert le Diable " 
was repeated. " La Juive " was again given Sept. 26. On the last 
night of the season, Sept. 27, Mile. Sophie Dziuba made her 
American debut as Zerlina, in "Don Juan," and Isidore Lehman 
also appeared, for the first time in this country, as Don Juan. 
Presentation concerts were given Sept. 28, 29, and 30, under the 
auspices of the Jewellers' Association, the artists being William 
Castle and S. C. Campbell, Signor Abella, Madame d'Angri, 
Fanny Stockton, and an orchestra under John P. Cook. 

Karl Formes died at San Francisco, of pneumonia, Dec. 15, 
1889. His full name was Charles John Formes, and he was born 
at Muhlheim, Germany, Aug. 7, 18 10. He received his early 
musical education in Cologne and Vienna, and sang in church 
choirs until 1841, when he attracted attention in Cologne as a 
concert singer. Soon afterwards he appeared in opera. In 1843 
he became a member of the Mannheim Theatre company, and in 
1844 he joined the opera in Vienna. Unguarded expressions of 
sympathy with revolutionary movements caused his sudden retire- 
ment, and in 1849, after an engagement in Hamburg, he formed 
the German Opera company, at the Drury Lane Theatre, London. 
In 1850 he became a member of the Italian Opera company at 
Covent Garden, and in the same year he sang in the Philhar- 
monic concerts. His last appearance on the stage was on Dec. 12 
(three days prior to his death), in "The Barber of Seville," at San 
Francisco, where he had resided for fifteen years, teaching vocal 
music. 

Max Maretzek's new Italian Opera company commenced a season 
Oct. 3, 1864. The following were the artists: Carlotti Carozzi- 
Zucchi, Elvira Brambilla, Laura Harris, Jenny Van Zandt (her 
first appearance in opera), Signora C. Morensi, Mile. Freda di 
Gebel, Adeline Motte (first appearance in opera), Fanny Stockton, 



48 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1864 

Bernardo Massimilliani, Guglielmo Lotti, J. Reichardt, Fernando 
Bellini, Francisco Pierrini, Susini, Amati Dubreuil, Joseph Wein- 
lich, and W. Mullen The opening opera was "II Trovatore," in 
which Carozzi-Zucchi made her first appearance in America as 
Leonora. Massimilliani made his first bow to an American audi- 
ence in the part of Manrico. Oct. 4, Signora Elvira Brambilla 
made her first appearance in America as Violetta in " La Traviata " 
Mile. Ernestine appeared in the ballet incidental to " La Traviata." 
" Lucrezia Borgia " was given Oct. 5, when Susini reappeared as 
Alfonso. A jewellers' presentation concert was given Oct. 6, 
Master Richard Croker, of Trinity Choir, appeared, and the Maret- 
zek company gave "Lucia di Lammermoor," Laura Harris as 
prima donna. "II Trovatore" was repeated Oct. 10, and Oct. 12 
Mile. Frederica di Gebel made her d^but as Ulrica in " Un Ballo 
in Maschera;" Oct. 14, "Lucrezia Borgia;" Oct. 18, matinde, "La 
Traviata;" evening. Jewellers' Association concert. Oct. 17-19- 
26, Clara Louise Kellogg reappeared as Marguerita in "Faust." 
" Un Ballo " was again given Oct. 18, and on Oct. 20 representa- 
tives from the various places of amusement in town gave a benefit 
to the Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum. Oct. 21, "II Poliuto;" 
Oct. 22, jewellers' presentation concert; Oct. 24, "Martha," with 
Kellogg and Morensi; Oct. 25 and 28, "II Poliuto;" Oct. 31, "II 
Trovatore." Nov. 2, "Don Giovanni" with this cast: 

Doana Anna Zucchi I Don Giovanni Bellini 

Donna Elvira Kellogg Leporello ....... Susini 

Zerlina Morensi Commendatore .... Weinlich 

Don Ottavio Lotti | Massetto Dubreuil 

Nov. 4, Jenny Van Zandt made her operatic debut as Gilda in 
"Rigoletto." Maretzek closed the season Nov. 5. 

John B. Gough, the temperance lecturer, appeared here Nov. 
10, followed by Maretzek, who commenced another season Nov. 14, 
with "II Poliuto;" Nov. 15, "Linda di Chamounix;" Nov. 16, 
"Lucrezia Borgia;" Nov. 17, James W. Lingard of the New 
Bowery Theatre took a benefit, when " The Wept of the Wish-ton- 
Wish," "Sketches in India," and Bryant's Minstrels formed the 
programme; Nov. 18-21, "Don Giovanni;" Nov. 22, "Rigoletto;" 
Nov. 23, "Martha." Thanksgiving night, Nov. 24, a dramatic 
performance, consisting of "All That Glitters is not Gold" — 
Lawrence P. Barrett (his first appearance in fifteen months) as 
Stephen Plum, Thos. E. Morris as Jasper Plum, W. R. Floyd as 
Toby Twinkle, J. S. Wright, J. Whiting, J. C. Williamson, 
Madelaine Henriques, Mrs. W. R. Floyd, and Mrs. France in the 
cast— and "Handy Andy" were acted; Nov. 25, Maretzek's com- 
pany presented, for the first time in America, Donizetti's opera of 
"Don Sebastian," and with this cast: 



18643 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



49 



Zaida . . . Signora Carozzi-Zucchi 
Sebastian . . . Sig. Massimilliani 

Camoeno Sig. Bellini 

Giovanni Sig. Susini 

Danseuse Miles. Ernestine and Auriol 



Abadialos . 
Don Selim 
Don Antonio 
Don Luigi 
Don Enrico 



Sig. Lorini 
. Sig. MuUer 
Sig. Reichardt 
. . Ximenes 
. Sig. Lacion 



Carl Bergmann was the conductor. The opera was repeated Nov. 
28, 29, Dec. 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 19, 24. Nov. 30, "Faust;" Dec. 5, 
"The Child of the Regiment;" Dec. 7, "II Poliuto." 

Dec. 8, a matinde and evening benefit was given to Charles 
Peters, who had been disabled by being run over by a Third 
Avenue car. At the matinee, "London Assurance," was given 
with this cast: 



Charles Courtley 
Sir Harcourt Courtley 
Dazzle . . . 
Mark Meddle 
Dolly Spanker 
Max Harkaway 
Cool . . . 



Lester Wallack 
. C. Walcot 
Charles Fisher 
. G. L. Fox 
. W. Holston 
. J. G. Burnett 
W. H. Norton 



James Harry Pearson 

Martin W. R. Floyd 

Isaacs C. T. Parsloe, Jr. 

Lady Gay Spanker . Mrs. John Wood 
Grace Harkaway Madelaine Henriques 
Pert .... Mrs. Sedley Brown 



In the evening, " The School for Scandal " was played, with this 
cast: 



Joseph Surface . . J. 
Sir Peter Teazle . . 
Sir Oliver Surface . . 
Charles Surface . . . 

Crabtree 

Sir Benjamin Backbite 

Moses 

Trip 



W. WaUack, Jr. 

F. B. Conway 

. Mark Smith 
J. K. Mortimer 

J. W. Lingard 
B. T. Ringgold 
Harry Pearson 

Edward Lamb 



Careless . . 
Rowley . . , 
Snake ... 
Lady Teazle 
Mrs. Candour . 
Maria . . . 
Lady Sneerwell 



. . J. E. Whiting 
. . G. F. Browne 
. . . Frank Rea 
. Mrs. F. B. Conway 
Mrs. George Farren 
Mrs. C. M. Walcot, Jr. 
Mrs. Emma Skerrett 



Nearly every theatre in New York and Brooklyn was represented, 
and no less than six managers and lessees of theatres performed 
in the plays presented, viz. : Mr. and Mrs. Conway, of the Park 
Theatre, Brooklyn; Mr. J. W. Lingard, of the New Bowery; 
Lester Wallack, of Wallack's Theatre; Mrs. John Wood, of the 
Olympic; and G. L. Fox, of the Old Bowery. The benefit realized 
a very handsome sum. Dec. 21, Auber's opera of "Fra Diavolo," 
which had always previously been given in English, was now 
rendered, for the first time in America, in Italian, and with this 
cast : 



Zerlina Miss Kellogg 

Pamela Mile. Morensi 

Fra Diavolo .... Signor Lotti 
Lord Rochbourg . . . Sig. Bellini 



Lorenzo Signor Lorini 

Beppo Signor Dubreuil 

Giacomo Signor Weinlich 

Matheo Signor MuUer 



It was repeated Dec. 23, 26, and 28. 

A jewellers' presentation concert was given Dec. 24. Carozzi- 
Zucchi presented " Norma " for her benefit, Dec. 27. " Fra Dia- 
volo " was sung for the benefit of the French Benevolent society, 

VOL. II. — 4 



50 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE L^^^S 



Dec. 29, and "Norma" was repeated on Dec. 30, the last night 
of the season. Feb. 2, 1865, Maretzek's company again returned 

■■ '* Fra Dia- 
La 
La 
Forza Del Destino," for the first time in America, and thus cast: 




Donna Leonora Signora Carozzi-Zucchi 
Preziosilla . . . Signora Morensi 
Don Alvaro . . . Sig. Massimilliani 

Don Carlos Sig. Bellini 

Abbot Sig. Susini 



Militone Sig. Lorini 

Marquis of Calatrava . Sig. Dubreuil 

Trabucco Sig. Reichardt 

Spanish Surgeon . . Sig. Ximenes 
Alcalde Sig. Muller 



This opera was repeated Feb. 28, March 3, 6, 8, 10, 18, 1865. March 
4, matinee, "Martha," evening, concert of pupils of National Con- 
servatory; March 11, matinee, "Ernani;" March 13, "Don Gio- 
vanni;" March 15, "Fra Diavolo;" March 16, "Norma;" March 
17, "I Puritani;" March 20, "La Figlia del Reggimento," and 
fourth act of "Rigoletto;" March 21, last night of the season, 
"Don Sebastian," and March 23, matinee, and close of the season, 
"Fra Diavolo." 

L. M. Gottschalk gave a matinee entertainment, April i ; April 
1 1, Maretzek took a benefit, when " II Poliuto " was given, with 
selections from "La Forza." The beneficiary was presented with 
$7,000. The Theatrical Mechanical association had a matinee 
benefit April 12, and the companies of Wallack's, Winter Garden, 
Old and New Bowery, Barnum's, Olympic, Niblo's, Brooklyn 
Park, and Hooley's New York and Brooklyn Minstrels, and Theo- 
dore Moss, John McCul lough, the Dobson Brothers, and others, 
participated. The bill comprised " London Assurance, "" Shamus 
O'Brien," recitation, "Day After the Wedding," banjo duets and 
minstrel entertainments. A benefit was given April 12, for the 
soldiers and sailors, followed April 26 by Leonard Grover's German 
opera company, which in "Robert le Diable," "Faust," "Martha," 
"Fidelio," "The Magic Flute," "The Huguenots," closed May 8 
with "La Juive." May 15, Juignet's French company appeared 
and remained until June 12, after which Prof. Macallister, magi- 
cian, was the attraction. A benefit was given, afternoon and eve- 
ning of July 21, to the company and attaches of Barnum's Museum, 
who were thrown out of employment by the fire there. Among 
those who assisted were Kate Reignolds, L. J. Mestayer, the San 
Francisco Minstrels, Emily Melville, W. Davidge, M. B. Pike, 
Carrie Moore, Jenny Engel, Mme. Martinetti, Mons. Baptistin, 
G. C. Davenport, Mitchell, Wm. Connolly, Mary Estelle, Hattie 
Walby, J. J. Prior, J. E. Nagle, Gustavus Geary, G. L. Fox, and 
his pantomime company from the Old Bowery Theatre, George 
Christy, M. Bryan, Kate Pennoyer, Mrs. H. Chapman, Jenny 



1865] 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



Cleaver, Nannie Hook, W. P. Smith, Welsh Edwards, B. Porter, 
and the Hanlon Brothers. The entertainment comprised the " Jenny 
Lind" burletta, "A Morning Call," "Barney the Baron," "Handy 
Andy," "Mr. and Mrs. Peter White," an olio and a speech by 
P. T. Barnum. 

Prof. Herrmann opened the season of 1865-66, Sept. 12. It was 
at this time that the trouble took place between the managers 
of the different theatres in this city, and The New York Herald. 
Maretzek was the prime mover in this battle. The Herald made a 
savage onslaught on him, saying that the company engaged was a 
very poor one, and that Maretzek cared very little about the New 
York public. Maretzek published a card in the other papers of 
this city, charging The Herald with interference in the arrange- 
ment of the opera, alleging that the editor and many of the staff of 
that journal were persistent " deadheads," and detailing many griev- 
ances too long endured, and pluckily refusing to be either dictated 
to or influenced by any such mode of procedure. The result was 
that at a meeting of the managers it was resolved to stop advertis- 
ing in The Herald, and several of the managers had at the top of 
all their advertisements, programmes, and posters the line : " This 
establishment does not advertise in The New York Herald. " The 
following named theatres were among those who did not advertise 
in The Herald: Academy of Music, Winter Garden, Olympic, New 
York Circus, Barnum's Museum, Fox's Old Bowery, Niblo's, Wal- 
lack's, and New Bowery. Those who did advertise were Wood's 
Theatre, opposite St. Nicholas Hotel (afterwards Josh Hart's 
Theatre Comique), Wood's (Broadway and Broome) Theatre, Lucy 
Rushton's (opposite New York Hotel), and Bryant's Minstrels. 
The fight lasted all through the season. Mr. Bennett then cried 
peccavi, sent to the several managers, promised to be a good boy 
in future if they would "return to the fold," and the consequence 
was that all resumed their advertising in The Herald. 

Maretzek commenced the season, Sept. 25, with an admirable 
organization. The artists new to America were Enrichetta Bosisio, 
Bine de Rossi, Ettore Irfre, Guiseppa Mara, G. B. Antonucci, and 
Julius Sesselsberg. Of established favorites there were Carozzi- 
Zucchi, Clara Louise Kellogg, Ortalani-Brignoli, Adelaide Phil- 
lips, Fanny Stockton, Mrs. Reichardt, Massimilliani, Francesco 
Mazzoleni, Ardavani, Rovere, Dubreuil, Lorini, Herren Muller 
and Reichardt. Carl Bergmann, Max Maretzek, and Torriani were 
the conductors; Appy and Noll the leaders; Signor Dubreuil, the 
stage manager; Ronzani, mattre de ballet, and M. Calyo, scenic 
artist. The opening opera was " Faust " : 



Marguerite Miss Clara Louise Kellogg 

Siebel Madame Fischer 

Martha . . Mile. Freda di Gebel 



Faust (his first appearance in America) 
Sig. Ettore Irfre 

Valentine Signor Bellini 

Mephisto .... Signor Antonucci 



52 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D86s 

Sig. Achilla Ardavani died in this city May 28, 1889, aged sixty- 
three years. He came here under engagement with Bernard 
Ulmann in the season of 1857-58, and made his d6but in "II 
Trovatore," as Count di Luna, with marked success. For twenty 
years he had been a music teacher in New York and Boston. 

Sept. 27, " II Poliuto " was sung with Caro2zi-Zucchi, Massi- 
milliani, and Bellini as the principals ; Adelaide Phillips appeared, 
for the first time in four years, as Maffeo Orsini in "Lucrezia 
Borgia," the remainder of the cast including Zucchi, Irfre, and 
Antonucci. A " Faust " matinee took place Sept. 30. Herrmann, 
the magician, appeared. Petrella's opera, "lone," was revived 
Oct. 2, introducing to an American audience a pupil of the com- 
poser in the person of Mile. Bosisio, who sustained the title part, 
"lone" was repeated on the following night. Sig. Mara, bari- 
tone, made his first appearance in America, Oct. 4, as Don Carlos 
in "Ernani. " Oct. 9, Signora B. de Rossi, contralto, made her 
debut as Azucena in " II Trovatore. " " I Puritani " was given 
Oct. 10; "Martha" on Oct. 13; "La Traviata," Oct. 16. Carlotta 
Patti died in Paris, France, June 27, 1889. In Sept., 1890, a monu- 
ment was erected in Montmarte cemetery, that city, to Carlotta 
Patti de Munck. Her last appearance here in opera was Oct. 3 in 
"I Puritani." 

A season of opera and concert began Oct. 17, when Mile. 
Parepa, Carl Rosa, and Mr. Danreuther made their first appear- 
ances in the Academy, and Jules Levy, the cornet player, his first 
appearance in America. Mile. Parepa sang " The Shadow Song " 
from "Dinorah," an aria from "Robert le Diable," and the ballad, 
"Five O'clock in the Morning." Carl Rosa performed violin 
solos; Mr. Danreuther, piano accompaniments, and Theodore 
Thomas conducted the orchestra. Mr. Levy performed "The 
Whirlwind Polka" and "Carnival de Venice" on the cornet, and 
the Maretzek company sang the entire opera of " Lucrezia Borgia. " 
Mile. Parepa was billed to appear Oct. 18, but sickness prevented 
her, and Miss Kellogg played her r61e in "Lucia." Oct. 20, 
"Norma;" Oct. 23. "II Trovatore;" Oct. 24, "Crispino e la 
Comare ; " for the first time here. The cast was : Annetta, Clara 
Louise Kellogg; Fairy, Madame Fischer; Crispino, Signor Rovere 
(first appearance in several years); Fabrizio, Sig. Irfre; Mirabo- 
lando, Sig. Bellini; Count, Sig. Mara. Nov. 3, "Roberto II 
Diavolo;" Nov. 8, "Rigoletto;" Nov. 10, "Fra Diavolo;" Nov. 
20, "Don Giovanni;" Nov. 24, " La Somnambula ; " Dec. i, Meyer- 
beer's opera, "L'Africaine," was presented for the first time in 
America; Selika, Mme. Carozzi - Zucchi , Inez, Mile. Ortalani- 
Brignoli; Vasco di Gama, Sig. Mazzoleni; Don Pedro, Sig. An- 
tonucci; Nelusko, Sig. Bellini; Dec. 13, "I Puritani" was 
announced, but, in consequence of the death of Sig. Rovere, no 



18663 THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 53 

performance was given. Rovere came to this country with Alboni, 
in 1853. He died suddenly of affection of the throat, in this city, 
aged sixty years. Dec. 14, a memorial concert was given in aid 
of the widow and children of the composer, William Vincent 
Wallace. Among the artists who gave their services were Clara 
Louise Kellogg, Adelaide Phillips, W. Castle, S. C. Campbell, 
Richard Hoffman, S. B. Mills, G. W. Morgan, John A. Kyle, 
Wm. Berge, E. J. Browns, Theodore Thomas, and the members of 
the Liederkranz, Arion, Harmonic, Mendelssohn Union, and New 
York Singing Academy societies. Dec. 15 was the last night of 
the season, the opera being " L'Africaine," and at the close of the 
third act, Maretzek was called to the front and presented by L. W. 
Gerome, on behalf of many citizens, with a handsome service of 
silver and an address. The season closed with a matinee of 
"L'Africaine," Dec. 16. Fifty representations had been given, 
divided as follows: " Faust, " three ; "II Pol into," one; "Lucrezia 
Borgia," two; "lone," three; "Ernani," three; "Un Ballo in 
Maschera," two; "II Trovatore," three; "I Puritani," one; 
"Martha," one; "Traviata," one; "Lucia," one; "Norma," two; 
"Crispino," ten; "Roberto," two; "Rigoletto," one; "Fra Dia- 
volo," three; "Don Giovanni," one; "La Somnambula," one; 
"L'Africaine," nine. 

Dec. 25, a concert was given by Clara M. Brinkerhoff, Mrs. J. 
H. Barclay, George Simpson, Signor Fosati, J. N. Patterson, G. 
W. Colby, and Grafulla's Seventh regiment band. Dec. 27, MM. 
P. Juignet and C. Drivet's French dramatic company played 
Scribe's "Bataille des Dames" and Villeneuve's "La Fille de 
Dominique." Dec. 30, the same company gave Bayard and 
Dumanoir's " Les Premiers Ans de Richelieu " and Fournier's 
"Le Partie de Piquet," well known since as "A Game of Cards." 

Jan. 6, 8, g, 1866, the Bateman concert company, comprising 
Parepa, Carl Rosa, Levy, S. B. Mills, Carl Anschutz, and orches- 
tra were heard. Juignet & Drivet's French company sang Halevy's 
"L'ficlair " and Victor Masse' s "Les Noces de Jeannette," Mile. 
Naddie and M. Armand making their first appearance in America. 
The Bateman company were heard again Jan. 1 1 ; the French com- 
pany gave " La Ligne Droite " and " Les Domestiques Peints par 
Eux-m^mes," Jan. 13; "Nos Intimes," Jan. 17 and 19. The 
Philharmonic society gave a concert Jan. 27, and the Annual 
Charity Ball, Jan. 29. Feb. i, 1866, the Maretzek company sang 
"L'Africaine." "Don Sebastian" was revived Feb. 13, and at a 
matinee, Feb. 17, Sig. Brandini made his first appearance in New 
York as Don Carlos in "Ernani." Night of Feb. 17, Anna Lacoste 
appeared in a new play by Isaac C. Pray, entitled "Virginia of 
Rome." Mr. Clercpret, Archer, Isaac C. Pray, Hannah and H. 
C. Stuart were in the cast. Miss Lacoste's next appearance was 



54 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1866 



at the French Theatre, Aug. 30, as Deborah. She then devoted 
herself to dramatic readings. Without book or pamphlets, she 
recited the whole of "Julius Caesar," "King John," and "Romeo 
and Juliet," in a manner that not only attracted considerable atten- 
tion, but gave her a reputation for possessing a remarkable memory. 
In the height of her popularity she contracted a cold, which finally 
settled into rheumatism of the heart, and she died in this city, July 
6, 1868. 

Feb. 26, Carmelina Poch made her first appearance in New York 
as Leonora in "La Favorita." "Don Pasquale" was sung for the 
first time in seven years at a matinee, March 3, Sig. Sarto mak- 
ing his first appearance in the title r61e. Juignet & Drivet's 
French dramatic company played Dennery's "L'Aieule," "Le 
Gamin de Paris," and " Les Enfants Terribles" the evening of 
March 7. "L'Etoile du Nord " was revived March 9, with Kel- 
logg, Bosisio, Antonucci, Irfre, Sarta, and Barili in the cast. 
March 13, for her benefit, Zucchi presented " L' Africaine " and sang 
the Italian hymn, " II Garibaldino. " March 1 5, Mme. Larmet, of 
the French dramatic company had a benefit, presenting "Les 
Amours Maudit " and " Les Zuaves de Palestro. " March 23, the 
same company played " Les Enfer de Paris." April 5, a bal d' opera 
was given, the Academy being decorated with caricatures of promi- 
nent people, from the brush of Thomas Nast. The operatic season 
closed April 14, with a matinde of "Les Huguenots." During this 
second season " L' Africaine " had been represented nine times; 
"Crispino e la Comare," four times; "Norma," once; "I Puri- 
tani," once; "Faust," four times; "Martha," once; "Don Sebas- 
tian," three times; "Fra Diavolo," twice; "Ernani," once; 
"Poliuto," once; "lone," once; "La Favorita," five times; "La 
Somnambula," once; "Don Pasquale," twice; "II Trovatore," 
once; "L'fitoiledu Nord," six times; "Un Ballo in Maschera," 
once; "Don Giovanni," once; "Les Huguenots," three times, and 
"Lucrezia Borgia," twice ; in all fifty representations. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kean took their farewell of America, April 
16, when " Louis XL " and " The Jealous Wife " were acted : 



Louis XI Chas. Kean 

The Dauphin . . . Miss Chapman 
Tristam Geo. Everett 



Martha Mrs. C. Kean 

De Nemours . . . . J. F. Cathcart 



In "The Jealous Wife," Mr. and Mrs. Kean played Mr. and 
Mrs. Oakley. 

Leonard Grover's German opera company began a season April 
17, 1866, with "Faust," the cast embracing Himmer, Joseph Herr- 
mann, Heinrich Steinecke, Miles. Johanna Rotter and Sophie 
Dziuba. April 18, " William Tell " was given for the first time in 
eleven years, Wm. Formes making his first appearance in opera 



1867: THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 55 

in New York as the hero. Herr Himmer was the Arnold, Herr 
Habelmann the Jacques; Herr Weinlich, Gessler; Mile. Johanna 
Rotter, Mathilde. Several of the German societies aided in the 
chorus. April 19, " La Dame Blanche " was sung, with Bertha 
Johannsen as Anna and Mme. Berger as Margaret. " Fra Diavolo " 
was heard at amatinde, April 21, "The Huguenots," April 23, and 
" Tannhauser " was announced April 27, but, owing to the illness 
of Mme. Rotter and Herr Weinlich, only one act was sung, and 
" The Magic Flute " was substituted. This closed an unsuccessful 
season. 

Jacob Grau came May 7, with his company from Havana and gave 
"La Traviata," with Leonilda Boschetti as Violetta; May 9, "II 
Trovatore " was sung, with Mme. Noel-Guidi as Leonora, Mme. 
Cash-PoUini as Azucena, Musiani as Manrico ; May 10, " Faust ; " 
May II, " Saffo, " for the reappearance of Mile. Gazzaniga; "Faust," 
"Un Ballo" and "La Juive " followed ; May 18, "L'Africaine;" 
matinee. May 19, "Emani" and "Faust" (third act). May 21, 
1866, the last performance in the old Academy of Music was 
given, the opera being " La Juive," thus cast: Rachel, Mme. Gaz- 
zaniga; Eudoxia, Mile. Boschetti; Prince Leopold, Signer Anas- 
tasia; Eleazar, Signor Musiani ; Cardinal, Signor Milleri. Jarrett 
& Palmer had leased this house for the production of " La Biche 
au Bois," but early on the morning of May 22 the house was en- 
tirely destroyed by fire. Flames were discovered in the basement, 
fronting on Irving Place. The performance had been closed only 
a short time, and a number of persons attached to the theatre were 
still in the building. In the short space of thirty minutes the 
whole building was a massive sheet of flames. At half-past one 
o'clock the interior of the Academy had been totally destroyed. 
Shortly after the fire, a meeting of the shareholders was held, and 
it was resolved to reljuild on the same site. The foundations were 
put in condition in August, 1866, and the building was ready for 
occupancy in February, 1867. It cost 1^300,000. Thomas R. Jack- 
son was the architect and contractor. 

The first entertainment of any nature given in the new house 
was a ball for the widows and orphans of the members of the Old 
Fire department, Feb. 28, 1867. A bal d'opera, directed by Max 
Maretzek, took place the following evening. 

A season of Italian opera opened March 7 by Mr. Maretzek, with 
the following company: Miss Kellogg, Isabella Ronconi, Mile. 
Carmelina Poch, Fanny Stockton, Natalie Testa, Mile. A. M. 
Hauck, Isabella McCulloch (afterwards Mme. Brignoli), Ronconi, 
Baragli, Barili, Antonucci, Mazzoleni, Bernardi, Dubreuil, Fossati, 
Bellini, Mara, Fleury, Reichardt, Riccardi, Muller, Testa, and 
Bacelli, and Miles. Kruger and Theresa, dancers. The repertory 
consisted of "II Barbiere," "Fra Diavolo," "Lucrezia Borgia," 



56 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE t:»867 



"L'fitoile du Nord," "La Traviata," "Faust," "Crispmo e la 
Comare." "II Trovatore," "Norma," "Martha," "Don Giovanni, 
"Emani," "La Somnambula," and Petrella's new opera. La 
Carnival de Venice." Carl Bergmann and Sig. Torriani were the 
conductors. At the matinee, March i6, in addition to the opera, 
"Elisir d'Amore," Florence Noble read the balcony scene from 
"Romeo and Juliet." March i8, Parepa-Rosa made her first ap- 
pearance in opera in America, playing Leonore in " II Trovatore," 
and on the same evening Bacelli, a basso, made his first appear- 
ance in New York as Ferrando. Parepa-Rosa sang in "Norma," 
March 19 and 23. " Don Giovanni " was given March 26, with the 
following fine cast : 

. . . Sig. Bacelli 
Miss C. L. Kellogg 
. . . Sig. Bellini 
. . Sig. Fossati 



Comtnendatore 
Zerlina . . . 
Don Giovanni . 
Masseto . . 



Donna Anna .... Parepa-Rosa 
Donna Elvira . . Isabella McCulloch 
Don Ottavio .... Sig. Baragli 
Leporello Sig. Ronconi 

Parepa-Rosa closed with the matinde of "II Trovatore," March 
30. April 3, for the first time in America, Petrella's opera, "La 
Carnival de Venice " was sung, and with this cast : 



Orestes Sig. Baragli 

Pylades Sig. Mara 

Count Signor Bacelli 

Master Cola .... Sig. Ronconi 



Albina . . . Clara Louise Kellogg 

Romella Signora Ronconi 

Signora Muzio . . Mile. Natalie Testa 



A benefit was given, April 4, for the sufferers by the burning of 
the Winter Garden Theatre. " Hamlet " was presented, with this 
cast: 



Hamlet . . 
Gravedigger 
Player Kmg 
The Queen . 
Ophelia . . 
Player Queen 



. . Edwin Booth 
. W. S. Andrews 
W. A. Donaldson 
. . Ida Vernon 
Mme. Scheller 
Miss Andrews 



Laertes C. Barton Hill 

The Ghost .... J. N. Gotthold 
The King . . . M. W. Leffingwell 

Polonius W. Davidge 

Horatio J. DuflF 



Orlandini and Ortalani appeared in " L'Africaine " April 15, and 
Angela Peralta, a Mexican prima donna, made a most successful 
d6but April 25, in "La Somnambula." The season closed May 4, 
and May 6 Thomas Maguire & Richard Risley's company of 
Japanese contortionists, magicians, and balancing artists took 
possession of the Academy, remaining until June 15. A Masonic 
ovation was held June 27, in aid of the widows and orphans of the 
Masons of the South, the artists being Mile. Hauck, Sigs. Bellini 
and Mara, Edward Hoffmann, Henry Mollenhauer, D. L. Down- 
ing, and band. During the evening an address was delivered by 
Hon. James T. Brady. The Japanese company returned on July 
I, and remained until July 10. A new collection of Orientals, 



I867II 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



SI 



under the same management, appeared July 15, for that night 
only. 

Mr. Maretzek began an Italian opera season Sept. 23, with the 
following company; Parepa-Rosa, Angela Peralta, Minnie A. 
Hauck, Ronconi, Natalie Testa, Louise Kapp- Young, Jenny 
Kempton, Emilio Pencani, Baragli, Testa, Anastasia, Georgio 
Ronconi, Bellini, Orlandini, Antonucci, and Paulo Medini. Max 
Maretzek, Carl Bergmann, and A. Torriani were the conductors. 
" Don Giovanni " was the first opera sung, with this cast : 

Donna Anna .... Parepa-Rosa Donna Elvira . . . Mile. Ronconi 

Zerlina Miss Hauck Leporello Sig. Ronconi 

Don Giovanni .... Sig. Bellini Donna Octavio . . . Sig. Baragli 

"Otello" was heard Sept. 25, when Emilio Pencani made his 
American debut, acting the title r61e, with lago, Bellini ; Desde- 
mona, Parepa-Rosa; Roderigo, Baragli. Sept. 27, "II Barbiere" 
was sung, with Angela Peralta as Rosina ; Ronconi was the Figaro, 
and Paulo Medini made his American d^but as Barilio. Oct. 7, 
Orlandini was heard as Carlos in " Ernani. " 

Oct. 9, Mme. Janauschek made her first appearance in America, 
acting "Medea." The version was Grillpainseu's translation. 
Francesca Roraana Magdalena Janauschek was supported by a 
company brought from Europe. " Medea " was presented with this 
cast: Jason, Herr Scherenberg; King of Corinth, Herr Kleinart ; 
Creusa, Miss Teitz; Herold, Herr Crelinger; Cora, Miss Singer; 
Medea, Janauschek. Oct. 12, Janauschek played "Deborah;" 
Oct. 17, "Mary Stuart." Oct. 18, Cagnoni's opera, "Don Bucef- 
alo, " was given, for the first time in America. Ronconi was the 
Don Bucefalo. Oct. 19, Janauschek played " Brunhild ; " and Oct. 
24, "Adrienne;" Oct. 30, Louise Kapp- Young made her Ameri- 
can debut as Selika in "L'Africaine," Bellini as Neluska; Nov. 
2, Janauschek was seen in the dual rSle of Emelia Galotti and 
Countess Orsini, in Lessing's drama of "Emelia Galotti," followed 
by "The Gladiator of Ravenna." "Don Carlos," Nov. 8; and 
Nov. II, selections were given from "Die Carisschueller," "Don 
Carlos," and other works; Nov. 14, Janauschek was seen as Mari- 
anna in "A Woman of the People." "Romeo e Giulietta" was 
sung, for the first time in America, Nov. 15, and with this cast: 



Romeo Sig. Pencani 

Mercutio Sig. Orlandini 

Capulet Sig. Antonucci 

Friar Lawrence . . . Sig. Medini 

Tybalt Sig. Testa 

Gregory Sig. Barili 

Janauschek closed Nov. 30, with "The Gladiator of Ravenna." 
She had given twenty-two performances, appearing in "Medea," 
three times; "Deborah," three times; "Mary Stuart," twice; 



Duke Herr MuUer 

Paris Herr Velden 

Benvolio .... Herr Reichardt 
Juliet .... Mile. M. A. Hauck 
Nurse Mme. Flurry 



58 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D868 

"Brunhild, "once; "Adrienne, the Actress, " three times ; "Emelia 
Galotti," twice; "Gladiator of Ravenna," twice; "Don Carlos," 
once; " Marianna, " twice ; "Romeo e Giulietta," and " Macbeth, " 
once, and "Egmont," once. 

Dec. 6, "Linda di Chamounix" was sung. March 18, 1867, the 
sufferers by Barnum's Museum fire took a benefit afternoon and 
evening. The attractions in the afternoon were an address by Mr. 
Barnum and a performance of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," with Mrs. 
Howard as Topsy. In the evening " Pale Janet " was performed, 
and Mile. Diani and others contributed to the entertainment. The 
principal event of the following week occurred on Friday. It 
was the performance between the second and third acts of 
Brignoli's new symphony, "A Sailor's Dream," under the com- 
poser's direction. 

"Un Ballo in Maschera," March 30, i868, was acted by the 
De La Grange and Brignoli company, Mme. de La Grange in 
the title r61e. Miss McCulloch, Stella Bonheur, Brignoli, and 
Orlandini in the cast. Mile. Bonheur sang Orsini in " Lucrezia 
Borgia ; " " Robert le Diable " was given on Friday, with Joseph 
Herrmann as Bertram. 

The Artists' Union gave a week of Italian opera, commencing 
April 13, 1868, with Carl Bergmann as conductor. Janauschek 
returned with her German company and gave six performances, 
commencing April 22. E. L. Davenport took a benefit April 30, 
when he played "Hamlet," with the following people supporting 
him : D. H. Harkins, Lewis Baker, Harry Hawk, John Huntley, 
Ryer, George Clarke, F. G. Maeder, W. James, J. Wilson, H. H. 
Pratt, T. E. Morris, W. S. Higgins, Claude Burroughs, J. Turner, 
S. Drake, Irene Gay, Kate Ryner, and Isabella Preston. H. L. 
Bateman had a benefit May 2. At the matinee " La Belle H61fene " 
was given, and in the evening the first two acts of " La Grande 
Duchesse " were sung with the second act of " La Belle H61^ne " 
and the drama of "The Old Guard," in which Mr. Bateman 
appeared, for the first time in many years, acting Haversack. 

Dan Bryant played "Handy Andy" and "The Irish Emigrant," 
May 7. The proceeds of the performance Mr. Bryant gave to the 
American Dramatic Fund. The opera season terminated May 6. 
During its progress the following operas had been sung: "Don 
Giovanni," three times; "I Puritani," once; "Otello," once; "II 
Barbiere," four times; "Norma," three times; "Crispino," three 
times; "II Trovatore," three times; "Faust," three times; 
"Ernani," once; "Lucia," once; "Huguenots," five times; "Don 
Bucefalo," threetimes ; " L'Africaine," twice;;" Romeo e Giulietta," 
four times ;" Don Pasquale," once, and "Linda," once; in all thirty- 
nine representations. 

Dec. 3, De Pol's spectacular sensation, "The Golden Branch, or 



18682 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



59 



the Devil's Auction" was transferred from Banvard's Museum to 
the Academy, and was played, with the exception of the opera 
nights, until Dec. 17. Guiseppina Morlacci, Eliza Blasina, 
Augusta Sohlke, Ermesilda Diani, Eugenie Lupo, Aurelia Ricci, 
L. Barretta, and Mons. Giovani Lupo, were the principal dancers, 
with Sig. D. Ronzani as maitre de ballet. In the dramatic com- 
pany were Annie Wood, Hattie Thome, and others. A. Pedigam 
was musical director. Auber's opera, "La Bayadere," was given 
Dec. 16, for the first time here in sixteen years. H. L. Bateman's 
Opera Bouffe company performed " La Grande Duchesse, " Dec. 
20, for the benefit of the French Benevolent Society. Janauschek 
reappeared Dec. 23, in "Deborah;" Dec. 25, "Marianna" and 
"Come Here; " Dec. 27, "Faust" was sung; Dec. 28, Janauschek 
was seen in "Iphigenia in Tauris." The Caroline Richings 
Opera troupe began a season Dec. 30, in "Crown Diamonds;" 
Dec. 31, "Martha." Jan. i, 1868, for the first time in this city, 
Benedict's opera, "The Lily of Killarney," was sung, cast as 
follows : 



Eily O'Connor . 
Anne Chute 
Mrs. Cregan . 
Hardress Cregan 
Danny Mann . 



Caroline Richings 

Mrs. E. Seguin 

Mrs. James Arnold 

. . Wm. Castle 

S. C. Campbell 



Myles-na-Coppaleen . Pierre Bernard 
Father Tom . . . . H. G. Peakes 
Bertie O'Moore .... Mr. Wylie 
Corrigan .... James A. Arnold 



This opera was received so coolly that it had only one other re- 
production. " Maritana, " " The Doctor of Alcantara, " " The Bohe- 
mian Girl," " Fra Diavolo," " La Somnambula," and " Faust " were 
given in succession. W. Vincent Wallace's opera of "The Desert 
Flower " was sung, for the first time in America, Jan. 1 5 : Captain 
Maurice, W. Castle; Major Hector Van Pumpernickle, E. Seguin; 
Sergeant Peterman, J. A. Arnold; Casgan, Mr. S. C. Campbell; 
Oanita, Caroline Richings; Eva, Mrs. J. A. Arnold. "Fra Dia- 
volo " closed the season. The Hah Yah-Ta-Kee troupe of Japs 
commenced Jan. 24, and continued until Jan. 29. Feb. 12, the 
De La Grange-Brignoli Italian opera company, under the direc- 
tion of Max Strakosch, took possession of the Academy. In this 
company were Anna de La Grange, Adelaide Phillips, Isabella 
McCulloch, Rita Sangalli (danseuse), Brignoli, Massimilliani, 
Sarti, Coletti, Baragli, Susini, and Nicolao, musical director. 
They remained until Feb. 28, giving "La Traviata," "Lucia," 
"Un Ballo in Maschera," "Rigoletto," "La Favorita," "Norma," 
and "Roberto el Diavolo." This company returned March 16, 
Stella Bonheur having meantime joined them, and they remained 
for one week. 

May II, Mme. Janauschek gave selections from "Mary Stuart" 
and " Deborah, " and the Italian artists were heard in a concert for 
the benefit of the American Dramatic Fund. Wendell Phillips 



6o A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cises 

lectured on "Daniel O'Connell," May 12, and Camilla Urso, S. B. 
Mills, and Carl Bergmann gave a concert for the benefit of the 
widow of A. Hirschman, May 16. Jerome Hopkins directed the 
annual concert of the Orpheon Free choral schools, May 26. 

The B. P. O. Elks gave their first matinee benefit enter* 
tainment June 8, when volunteers from all the variety and minstrel 
establishments in town assisted. Lucille Tostee had a farewell 
benefit June 25, presenting the first act of " La Grande Duchesse," 
the second act of " La Belle Hdlene," and the operetta of " Litschen 
and Fritzschen." This house was opened Sept. 21, 1868, for the 
production of a play called " 1868, or the Bride of a Politician," by 
George Marlow. It had two performances only. This was the cast : 

Gay Eldred . . . . W. H. Meeker Davis S. B. Villa 

Pierce Brown . . . Theo. Hamilton Florence .... Henrietta Irving 

George Burke . . . . F. C. Bangs Maude Miss Noemie 

Squire Fairfield . . . W. Hamblin Mme. Ven Kelmeyer . . Mrs. Wilkins 

Lynn W. Harley Hans Ven Kelmeyer . S. W. Ashley 

Janauschek, having returned from Europe, began a season of 
German tragedy, Oct. 6. Herren Guttman, Bennemann, Rhine- 
hardt, and Miss Kuchle were her principal supporters. Janauschek 
played seven times, and her repertory consisted of Donna Isabella 
in "Bride of Messina," Phaedra, Deborah, Mary Stuart, Katharina, 
in Albert Lindner's five-act drama, "Katharine, the Second, Em- 
press of Russia," first time in America, Oct. 14, and Medea. 

Max Strakosch commenced a season of opera, Oct. 19. Clara 
Louise Kellogg was the star, having just returned from Europe. 
Mile. Freda de Gebel, Alida Topp (pianist), Sig. Lotti, Petrelli, 
Susini, Mons. Caesar Alard, Carl Bergmann, and Giorza; Oct. 29, 
M. Jules Leotard, trapezist, made his American d6but under the 
direction of Jerome Ravel. The farce " The Governor's Wife " 
was also acted. Leotard continued for three performances. Max 
Maretzek took possession Nov. 16, with "II Trovatore," sung in 
Italian by Agatha States, Cellini, Brignoli, Orlandini, and Barili; 
" Fidelio " was given in German, Nov. 17, by Miles. Johanna Rotter 
and Cellini, and Herren Habelmann, Reichardt, Formes, and Her- 
mann. Mme. de La Grange, Isabella McCulloch, Mile. Wes- 
mael, and Signori Brignoli, Habelmann, and Hermann sang 
"Roberto el Diavolo." "Der Freischiitz " was sung in German, 
Nov. 19, with De La Grange as Agatha and Karl Formes as 
Caspar. "Sicilian Vespers," "Ernani," and "Don Giovanni" 
were then given, Louise Durand making her debut as Zerlina, in 
the latter, Nov. 23. "Fra Diavolo" and "Un Ballo in Maschera" 
followed, and Alessandro Boetti made his first appearance as Al- 
fredo, in "La Traviata," Nov. 27, the season closing with a 
matinee, Nov. 28. Wm. Horace Lingard company, then occupying 
the Theatre Comique (Broadway and Spring Street), gave an en- 



I86g3 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



6i 



tertainment here Nov. 30. Grau's Opera Bouff6 company, from 
the French Theatre, gave "Barbe Bleue," Dec. 17, with Desclauzs 
as Bulotte, for the benefit of the French Benevolent society. 
"Genevieve de Brabant" was also sung. 

Maretzek commenced an Italian opera season Feb. 11, 1869. 
The company consisted of De La Grange, States, Kellogg, McCul- 
loch. Rotter, Cellini, Durand, Wesmael, Brignoli, Orlandini, 
Antonucci, Boetti, and Habelmann. The operas given were 
"Sicilian Vespers," "Norma," "II Trovatore," "L'Africaine," 
"Belisario," "Robert le Diable," "L'fitoile du Nord," "Ernani," 
"La Favorita," "La Traviata," "Crispino," "Don Giovanni," 
"Faust," and "Fra Diavolo." Giovanni Reina made his d^but as 
Carlos in "Ernani," Feb. 24, and "Le Prophete " was produced 
March 1 1. It was repeated four times, the season closing March 
27. On March 30, a bal d' opera was given. 

Janauschek, with her German company, returned here March 29, 
in "Deborah." "Elizabeth" and "Marianna," filled out the first 
week. Sig. Susini had a matinee benefit, April 3, presenting " II 
Barbiere," with Adelaide Phillips as Rosina and Alida Topp, the 
pianist. Janauschek, during the remainder of her season, played 
in "Angelo," "Medea," "Mary Stuart," "Phaedra," "The Gladi- 
ator of Ravenna," "Iphyginia," and "The Bride of Messina," the 
latter being given for the benefit of the German hospital fund, 
April 21. She gave her farewell performance April 23, appear- 
ing in four different characters, viz., Lady Milford, in an act of 
"Love and Intrigue;" the Princess Eboli in "Don Carlos;" the 
Actress in Elzholz's "Come Here," and the Countess Orsini in 
"Emelia Galotti." 

Rossini's "Messe Solennelle" was sung April 29 and 30, by 
Kellogg, Fannie Natalie Testa, Boetti, and Antonucci, Max 
Maretzek directing the orchestra. It was also repeated at a 
matinee. May 8. Tostee, the French singer, had a benefit. May 
I, when "Le Marriage aux Lanternes," an act from "La Belle 
H61^ne," and "Mons. Chouf Levry" were sung. 

A combination of English and Italian opera singers appeared 
on alternate nights, beginning May 13, when "Lurline" was sung, 
for the first time in Italian ; May 1 5, it was given in English. 
The two casts were: 



Italian. 

Lurline Agatha States 

Ghiva Mile. F. N. Testa 

Liba Mrs. Reichardt 

Count Rudolph . . Herr Habelmann 

Rhineberg Antonucci 

Zelleck W. Formes 

Baron Truenfels Barili 

Wilhelm Reichardt 



English 
Lurline .... Miss Mc.CuUoch 
Ghiva .... Anne Kemp Bowler 

Liba Miss F. Kimball 

Count Rudolph . Brookhouse Bowler 

Rhineberg Orlandini 

Zelleck G. F. Hall 

Baron Truenfels Lorini 

Wilhelm A. Mathison 



62 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1869 



Bonfanti led the ballet. Maretzek and Torriani were the con- 
ductors. The season closed May 26. A company of French 
artists, with Mile. Moreau, acted Sardou's "Seraphine," May 25. 
Tostee bid one farewell to the United States May 29, but made 
another at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, May 31. The Cuban patri- 
ots had a benefit July 20. The entertainment consisted of or- 
chestral performances directed by Carl Anschutz; ballets led by 
the Miles. Diana, Baretta, Lucille, Therese, and Mathilde; piano- 
forte solos by Harry Sanderson ; singing by Arthur Mathison, and 
French vaudeville by Francis, Benedick, Cellini, and Aberle. At 
the close of the performance the Marseillaise was sung by the com- 
pany and twenty Cuban soldiers in uniform. The affair was under 
the management of Starr Morrissey, Sam Genese, and Edmund 
Gerson. 

Sept. 10, a benefit was tendered by Edwin Booth to the family of 
J. G. Hanley, formerly stage manager of the Winter Garden and 
Wallack's Theatre. The play was "Othello," John McCuUough, 
the Moor; Edwin Booth, lago; W. E. Sheridan, Cassio; Mrs. 
Emma Waller, Emilia; and Blanche de Bar, Desdemona; the 
other characters were sustained by Edward Lamb, W. R. Floyd, 
A. W. Fenno, and John L. Matthews. Prof. Herrmann, magician, 
appeared Sept. 15 (his first appearance in five years), the proceeds 
being for the benefit of the Avondale sufferers. Herrmann contin- 
ued for two evenings each week until Oct. 18. Dryane and company 
commenced a season of French opera Sept. 22, with "La Juive," 
cast as follows : 



Eleazar M. Tabardi 

Cardinal Brogni ... M. Tasson 

Leopold M. Girrebeuck 

Albert M. Mestre 



Ruggiero M. Haesler 

Officer M. Bles 

Rachel . . . Mme. Faye-Fanschetti 
Princesse Edoscie Mme. G. Devillers 



The ballets were led by Miles. Wesmael, Billon, and M. Van 
Hamme, and M. Van Ghele was the musical director. " Les Mous- 
quetaires de la Reine " was given Sept. 24, when Euphemie Bleau, 
from the Imperial Opera House, Paris, made her first appearance 
as Athenais De Solanges. " La Juive " was repeated on Sept. 29, 
and "Les Mousquetaires, " Sept. 27. The B. P. O. Elks had their 
annual benefit matin6e, Sept. 28, when most of the variety theatres 
and minstrel establishments in town were represented. "Robert 
le Diable" was announced for Oct. i, but the collapse of the 
season prevented its performance. It was, however, subsequently 
given by the French artists, for their own benefit, Oct. 8, and at 
a matinee, Oct. 9, " Lucia di Lammermoor " was sung in French. 
Nov. I, a variety entertainment for the benefit of the Ladies' Aid 
society and German hospital, among those assisting being Jim 
Mace, James Taylor, Tony Pastor, J. K. Emmet, Leopold and 



i869l| 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



63 



Geraldine, Hutchinson, Abner S. Brady, Leggett, and Allen, and 
others. 

Max Maretzek commenced an Italian opera season, Nov. 3, with 
"II Trovatore," in which Mile. Carolina Briol and Lefranc made 
their American debuts as Leonore and Manrico; Rose Cellini, 
Azucena; Reyna was the Di Luna, and Barili, the Ferrando. Nov. 
5, " Linda di Chamounix " was sung, Miss Kellogg, Sig. Ronconi 
and Herr Habelmann sustaining the principal rdles ; and " II Tro- 
vatore" was repeated at a matinee, Nov. 6. Miss Kellogg and 
Sig. Ronconi were heard in "Crispino," Nov. 8; "II Trova- 
tore," Nov. 10; "Fra Diavolo," Nov. 12, and at a matinee, 
Nov. 13, "Linda." "Norma" was sung Nov. 15, with Mile. Briol 
in the title r61e, and Louise C. Treuer made her debut on the 
stage as Adelgisa; Massimilliani was the Pollio, and Coletti, 
Oroveso. Kellogg and Lefranc sang in "II Poliuto" Nov. 17 
and 19, and at a matinde, Nov. 20. " William Tell " was given 
Nov. 23. Lefranc was Arnoldo, and Mme. Briol, Matilda; the 
remainder of the cast included Mme. Lami and Signori Reyna, 
Coletti, Barili, Fosatti, Reichardt, and Diehm. In the fourth act, 
the aria for the tenor, usually omitted, was sung by Lefranc. The 
trio in the second act was also sung for the first time in America. 
" William Tell " was repeated Nov. 24, 26, 29, Dec. i and 6. A 
concert was given Nov. 6, in aid of the American Dramatic Fund, 
by Mrs. Charles Moulton, Marie Putnam, Anna Mehlig, W. R. 
Augur, M. Tabardi, Sig. Gariboldi, J. Levy, Max Maretzek, and 
C. Van Ghele. " Crispino " was sung Nov. 27, and " Lucrezia 
Borgia," Dec. 3, Mile. Briol being the heroine, and Jenny Lands- 
man making her operatic debut as Orsini on the latter occasion, 
and Ronconi, for the first time, appeared as the Duke Alphonso. 
Errani was the Gennaro. " La Somnambula " was heard at the 
matinee, Dec. 4, and "William Tell" in the evening, for the 
benefit of the Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent society. Ferrari's 
opera, "Pipele," had its first American representation Dec. 10, 
and with this cast : 



Rigoletto .... Clara L. Kellogg 

Maddalena Mile. Lami 

Pipele Sig. Ronconi 

Cabrion Sig. Reyna 



Jacques Ferrand 
Duresnel . . . 



. . Sig. Barili 
Massimilliani 
Usher Sig. Reichardt 



The ballets were led by Miles. Sand and Vestre, and M. Marwig. 
"Pipele" was repeated on Dec. 13 and 18. The other perform- 
ances were "William Tell," Dec. 11 (matinee); "Elisir d'Amore," 
Dec. 15, Mile. Pauline Canissa making her first appearance as 
Amina, in "Un Ballo" on Dec. 17, the season closing with the 
performance of Dec. 18. 

Professor Herrmann, assisted by Mme. Herrmann and M. Leon, 



64 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE 1:1870 



reappeared Dec. 20 and continued Dec. 21, 23, 25, 27, 28, Jan. 3, 
4, 5, 1870. "Der Freischutz," in German, Jan. 21 and 29, by W. 
Candidus, F. Remmertz, Dehnhoff, Herder, Ely, Schwickardy, 
Apfelbaum, Mmes. Frederici-Himmer, and Rotter-Dieffenbach, 
assisted by the chorus of the Arion and New York singing 
Academy Societies. 

Maretzek's Italian company returned Feb. i, Eliza Lumley- 
Bath, being now with it, and gave "II Trovatore," "William 
Tell," "Masaniello," "Linda," "Un Ballo," "Fra Diavolo," 
"Faust," and "Rigoletto." In "Un Ballo," Feb. 11, Dr. Valen- 
tine, an amateur of this city, appeared as Renato. " Robert le 
Diable " was announced for Feb. 23, but the season came to an 
abrupt termination. "Der Freischutz" was again sung March 11, 
with Mme. Johannsen, Mile. Canissa, and the Arion and New 
York singing societies. 

The Parepa-Rosa English Opera company, under the direction of 
Carl Rosa and C. D. Hess & Co., began a season May 14. This 
company embraced Parepa-Rosa, Mrs. Seguin, Mrs. Frank Boudi- 
not, Rose Hersee, Miss Isaacson, Nordblom, Laurence, Campbell, 
Castle, G. F. Hall, De Solla, Howard, and Edward Seguin. They 
sang "The Marriage of Figaro," March 14, 15, 16, 19, and 25; 
"Martha," March 18, and "Der Freischutz," in English, for the 
first time by them, March 21, Parepa-Rosa being the Agatha, Miss 
Hersee the Anna, Castle, Max, and Campbell, Caspar. "Fra 
Diavolo" was sung March 22, "II Trovatore," March 23, and 
"Martha," at a matinee, March 26. Geraldine Warren made her 
ddbut March 26 as the Gypsy Queen in "The Bohemian Girl." 
" Maritana " was heard March 28. 

Carl Maria Von Weber's " Oberon " was sung for the first time 
in New York, in English, March 29, and with this cast : 



Reiza Parepa-Rosa 

Fatima Mrs. E. Seguin 

Sir Huron W. Castle 

Sherasmin .... Mr. Laurence 



Almanzor Mr. Hall 

Oberon Mr. De Solla 

Puck Geraldine Warren 



It was repeated April i. Rose Hersee took a benefit March 30, 
when an act of "II Trovatore" and "The Black Domino" formed 
the bill. "The Bohemian Girl" closed the season, matinee, 
April 2. 

Max Strakosch commenced a season of Italian opera April 19, 
with Carlotta Patti as his prima donna. She appeared as the 
Queen of Night, in "II Flauto Magico," supported by Herr 
Habelmann, as Tamino, Herr W. Formes as Papageno, Canissa 
as Pamina, Mile. D'Zuiba as Papagena and Herr Weigan as 
Monostatos. Theo. Ritter was musical director. On April 22, 
23, 25, 27, matinee, April 30, "II Flauto Magico" was repeated; 



i87o: ACADEMY OF MUSIC 65 

April 29, "Faust," with Herren Habelmann, Formes, Miles. 
Canissa and D'Zuiba in the cast. Patti closed the season April 
30. The Parepa-Rosa company reappeared in "Don Giovanni 
April 13, 16, and matinde, April 17; "Oberon," evening, April 
14; Sig. Albites commenced a season of Italian opera April 16. 
His principal artists were Miss Kellogg, Gazzaniga, Miss Freda di 
Gebel, Brignoli, Petrelli, Sarti, and Fossati, the opening opera 
being "II Trovatore." Isabella McCulloch reappeared as Lady 
Henrietta in "Martha," Clara Perl, contralto, from the Imperial 
Opera House, Vienna, on the same occasion making her New 
York debut as Nancy. " Lucia " was sung April 20 and " Trova- 
tore," (matinee), April 21. In the evening the American Musical 
Fund Society gave a concert. Miss Kellogg and Signor Lefranc 
appeared in " II Poliuto," April 23, and April 24 Mrs. Imogene Brown 
made her debut in opera in " Un Ballo. " Lefranc was ill, and his 
place was taken at short notice by Sig. Phillippe. " II Trovatore " 
was repeated April 25, and the season closed with a matinee April 
28 of " Linda. " Jenny Willmore took a benefit April 28, when the 
following was the programme : "A Morning Call" — C. Allerton 
as Edward Ardent (first appearance in America), Mrs. Chas. Ed- 
monds as Mrs. Chillington; Boucicault's drama, "The Mad Boy;" 
third act of "Camille," with Matilda Heron as Camille, Ida Ver- 
non as Nichette, Ed. Thome as Armand, and John Jack as Mons. 
Duval. Jenny Hughes sang Killarney, and the entertainment 
closed with Ada Harland as Pygmalion in the burlesque of " Pyg- 
malion," Lizzie Willmore as Cupid, Felix Rogers as Cambyses, 
Emily and Mary Pitt as Venus and Psyche, and Jenny Willmore 
as the Statue. 

In May, 1870, I resigned my position as dramatic editor of TAe 
New York Clipper — which place I held from May, 1863 — to em- 
bark in the dramatic agency business. A complimentary benefit 
was tendered me by all the managers of the city theatres, also 
Charles A. Dana, editor of The Sun, Joseph Howard, Jr., and 
George Bartholomew, editor of The Daily News. The affair took 
place at this house afternoon and evening of May 31. The after- 
noon programme was this : Hooley's minstrels in a first part, fol- 
lowed by G. Swaine Buckley (his first appearance in New York in 
eight years), in his "Act of All Acts, or Musical Moments," in 
which he performed on twelve different instruments, viz. : violin, 
concertina, bones, cornet, banjo, Chinese fiddle, melophone, zolo- 
phone, guitar, flageolet, and piccolo; and many specialty actors, 
closing with a walk around by one hundred and twenty-three 
minstrel performers. The evening programme began with " Nan 
the Good for Nothing:" Nan, Lotta; Dribbles, Robert McWade; 
Mr. Simpson, W. Chapman, followed by an olio entertainment, 
many specialty acts, and the farce "Don't Judge by Appear- 
voL. II. — 5 



66 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1870 



ances:" Diana, Rose Massey; John Plump, O. S. Fawcett; and 
others. There were more performers on the stage at one time 
than ever before or since witnessed in America in a first part 
minstrel scene. In the walk around in the afternoon there ap- 
peared Dan Bryant, Dave Reed, Eugene Unsworth, G. W. Rocke- 
feller, Little Mac, Frank Kerns, Nelse Seymour, Tony Pastor, 
Add Ryman, Cool White, Archy Hughes, Billy Rice, Cooper and 
Fields, John Mulligan, Billy Emmett, Johnny Queen, Bobby New- 
comb. Billy West, Johnny Wild, Sheridan and Mack, Frank Brower, 
Kelly and Leon, S. S. Purdy, and many other prominent per- 
formers. The entire orchestras of Kelly & Leon's, Bryant's and 
Hooley's minstrels appeared in the afternoon. The receipts were: 
Afternoon, ^632.50; evening, ;^9i8; from contributions, 1^285; 
making the gross receipts, 1^1,835.50. 

Dan Bryant had a benefit June 2 and the programme was : First 
act of "The Colleen Bawn," with this cast: 



Myles na Coppal 
Father Tom . 
Kyrle Daly . 
Eily . . . 
Anne Chute . 
Shelah . . 



. Dan Bryant 

W. D. Shiels 

Fred Maeder 

Effie Germon 

Bella Pateman 

Marion Mordaunt 



Danny Mann 
Hardress Cregan 
Corrigan . . . 
Dennis . . . 
Mrs. Cregan 



W. R. Floyd 

.Oliver Byron 

. Dan Myron 

G. F. Carlisle 

Carrie Jamison 



Bryant's Minstrels were seen in a first part; Charles Brooke, the 
lawyer, recited "Shamus O'Brien," and the performance closed 
with "Handy Andy": 



Handy Andy 
Squire Egan 
Mr. Murphy 
Dick Dawson 
Mr. Furlong . 



. Dan Bryant 
W. D. Shiels 

Willie Edouin 
. I. L. Street 

Chas. Newton 



Ed. O'Connor 
Barney . . 
Oonah . . 
Mad Nance . 
Fanny Dawson 



. F. G. Carlisle 
. . Little Mac 
. Jennie Hughes 
Mrs. H. Godfrey 
. . Mary Sayers 



A benefit occurred June 8, for the Masonic Hall and Asylum 
Fund, under the auspices of Raymond Lodge, No. 644 F.A.M. 
"Robert Macaire " was acted, with Chas. K. Fox as Robert 
Macaire, G. L. Fox as Jacques Strop; and Fox's pantomime 
company. This was followed by a musical entertainment, and 
concluded with "Sketches in India," cast thus: 



Tom Tape .... Felix Vincent 
Sir Matthew Scraggs . . . John Jack 
Lady Scraggs . Mrs. E. B. Holmes 
Sallie Scraggs Mrs. Claude Hamilton 



Milton jas. Tighe 

Count Glorieaux . . Fred Maeder 
Capt. Dorrington . George A. Archer 
Poplin Lizzie Mahon 



Clara Louise Kellogg gave a concert here Oct. 8, and was 
assisted by F. Filippi, tenor; A. Randolfi, baritone; James M. 
Wehli, pianist ; George W. Colby, conductor, and the members of 
the New York Philharmonic orchestra, under the conductorship 
of Carl Bergmann. 



1870 ACADEMY OF MUSIC 67 

Janauschek began a season here under the management of 
Augustin Daly, Oct. 10, in "Deborah," which was repeated Oct. 
II, 12, and matinee, Oct. 15; Oct. 13, i4,"Mary Stuart," and Oct. 15, 
" Come Home. " In the company were Walter Montgomery, Fred- 
eric Robinson, Mark Smith, John B. Studley, Fanny Morant, 
George F. Devere, A. H. Davenport, James Dunn, Thomas J. 
Hind, T. F. Egbert, Fred Munroe, H. R. Rendle, lone Burke, 
Nellie Mortimer, Amy Ames, and Mme. De les Derniers. Oct. 
17, "Macbeth" was acted, with Walter Montgomery as Macbeth, 
and Janauschek as Lady Macbeth. Montgomery's Macbeth was a 
great performance. 

The Strakosch Italian Opera company began a season here in 
December, and closed Jan. 10, 1871, with "Lucia," Christine 
Nilsson in the title r61e. Barre sang Ashton ; Brignoli, Edgardo ; 
Coletti, Raimondo; and Richardt, Arturo. The George Holland 
Testimonial took place Saturday afternoon and evening, Jan. 21, 
and the entertainment was as follows: Recitation, "The Actor," 
Sidney WooUett; ballad, Emma Howson; recitation, Goethe's 
"Erl-King," Mme. Marie Seebach; piano recital, J. M. Wehli; 
romance, Alberto Lawrence; recitation, "The Poor Player at the 
Gate," Geo. Vandenhoff; song, "Loving Hearts," Sig. Ran- 
dolfi; recitation, "20, 30, 40," Mme. Seebach; polacca, from 
"Mignon," Clara Louise Kellogg; "A Model of a Wife," char- 
acters by Chas. Wheatleigh, James Rooney, Sol Smith, Helen 
Tracy, Georgie (Dickson) Rowe; song by Sig. Randolfi; "The 
Buzzards," by J. B. Curran and Wm. Davidge, J. C. Williamson, 
Louisa Eldridge, Marian Mordaunt. This constituted the after- 
noon performance. In the evening the programme was the curse 
scene from "Deborah," by Fanny Janauschek; the forest scene 
from "Ingomar," Mr. and Mrs. F. B. Conway as Parthenia and 
Ingomar; recitation, "The Vagabonds," by Frederic Robinson; 
" Lend Me Five Shillings," with Joseph Jefferson, Thos. E. 
Morris, James Dunn, Frank Chapman, J. W. Leonard, J. Peck, 
Effie Germon, and Blanche de Bar in the cast; scenes from 
" Hamlet, " by E. L. Davenport, Agnes Ethel, Mrs. E. L. Daven- 
port, and D. C. Anderson; sleep walking scene from "Macbeth," 
by Isabella Glyn (her first appearance in America), E. B. Holmes, 
and Mrs. L. E. Seymour ; " The Latest from New York, " by Mr. 
and Mrs. Barney Williams, Sol Smith, and Mr. Peck; "Box and 
Cox," by Harry Beckett, Geo. L. Fox, and Mrs. L. E Seymour. 
James Schonberg was the stage manager. The receipts were 
$1,270. 

A season of English opera began Feb. 5, 1871, with "Un Ballo 
in Maschera " ("A Masked Ball "), sung for the first time in Eng- 
lish in New York. The artists were: Parepa-Rosa, Mme. Vanzini 
(Van Zandt), Clara Doria, Zelda Seguin, Mrs. Cook, Miss Scho- 



68 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE 1:1871 



field, Castle, Karl, Whiffin, Campbell, Cook, Seguin, Hall, Ryse, 
Bartleman. A. Dubreuil was stage manager. S. Behrens and Carl 
Rosa were conductors. This opera was translated expressly for the 
Parepa-Rosa company, and was produced with gorgeous scenery 
and costumes. The cast was : 



Oscar Mrs. Van Zandt 

Ulrica Mrs. Seguin 

Samuel Hall 



Amelia Parepa-Rosa 

Ricardo Wm. Castle 

Renato Aynsley Cook 

Tom Ryse 

Feb. 6, "La Gazza Ladra" ("Maid and the Magpie") was sung 
for the first time in English; Feb. 7, Mozart's "Marriage of 
Figaro;" Feb. 8 the company played in Brooklyn; Feb. 9 
(matinee), "The Bohemian Girl," with Parepa-Rosa as Arline; 
Feb. 12, Charles Santley, the English baritone, made his operatic 
debut in Herold's "Zampa, or the Marble Bride." In the cast 
were Jennie Van Zandt, Mrs. Seguin, Aynsley Cook, Karl, and 
Whiffin; Feb. 13, "Don Giovanni;" Feb. 15 Santley and com- 
pany appeared in Brooklyn in "Zampa;" Feb. 16 Zelda Seguin 
took her first benefit in New York, when "Martha" was sung. 
The season closed Feb. 17. "II Trovatore" was sung Feb. ig, 
with Parepa-Rosa, Gazzaniga, Theo Wachtel, the famous German 
tenor, and Laurence in the cast. The receipts were ;^9,200. The 
prices of admission were: Orchestra and circle, ^5; boxes, $25; 
gallery, $2. 

Madame Marie Seebach gave two farewell performances in 
America here. April 26 she played "Adrienne Lecouvreur," 
and " Mary Stuart " April 28. A season of ten subscription nights was 
announced May i. "The Martyrs" was revived for the reappear- 
ance of Clara Louise Kellogg, and the debut of Sig. Villani tenor; 
" Severus " was sung by Sig. Regna, baritone ; May 3, " La Travi- 
ata," when Sig. Caroselli, a new tenor, made his debut. He pos- 
sessed a voice of agreeable quality and pure when not forced, but 
of the most fragile timbre. Alberto Laurence, originally intro- 
duced here by Parepa, took the r61e of Germont; May 8, "Un 
Ballo in Maschera," with Mile. Tontanesi as Ulrica (her debut), 
Mme. States, Sig. Villani, and Sig. Laurence in the cast. "La 
Traviata " was sung (matinde) May 7 ; " Rigoletto," May 15, Parepa- 
Rosa as Gilda; "Martha," Kellogg as Lady Henrietta, Sig. Caro- 
selli as Lionel, Susini as Plunkett. Dan Bryant took his annual 
benefit June 8. "The Colleen Bawn " was played with this cast: ' 



Eily lone Burke 

Father Tom Mark Smith 

Danny Mann . . . . W. R. Floyd 
Corrigan .... J. C. Williamson 
Hardress Cregan . . Theo. Hamilton 



Mrs. Cregan .... Mme. Ponisi 

Anne Chute Ida Vernon 

Sheelah Mary Wells 

Kyrle Daly .... Owen Marlowe 
Myles Dan Bryant 



»87i: 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



69 



This was followed by Bryant's Minstrels, after which "Barney 
the Baron " was acted. 

Professor Herrmann, the magician, came Sept. 15; Wachtel 
appeared Sept. 18. Another season of English opera by Parepa- 
Rosa was commenced Oct. 2, 1871. The company consisted of 
Parepa-Rosa, Madame Vanzini, Clara Doria, Zelda Seguin, Mrs. 
Aynsley Cook, Miss Schofield, William Castle, Tom Karl, Thomas 
Whiffin, S. C. Campbell, Aynsley Cook, Gustavus Hall, Bartle- 
man, Edward Seguin, Ellis Ryse, A. Dubreuil, stage manager; 
Carl Rosa, conductor. Clara Doria was the daughter of the Eng- 
lish composer, John Barnett, who had made a reputation under a 
foreign name in Italy and Germany, independent of her father's 
celebrity. Tom Karl was the favorite tenor of Italy. His last 
engagement before coming to America was at the Theatre la 
Scala, Milan, where Petrelia, the composer of "lone," chose him 
for Renzo in his new opera, " I Promessi Sposi. " The following 
repertory was announced by the management: "Anna Bolena," 
"Gazza Ladra"("Maid and Magpie"), "Lucrezia Borgia," "Sa- 
tanella " (first time in America as an opera), " Un Ballo in Mas- 
chera," "Columella" (first time in America), "Lurline," and 
Cherubini's "The Water Carrier." The initial opera was "The 
Daughter of the Regiment," in which Tom Karl made his Ameri- 
can debut as Tonio. Aynsley Cook as the Sergeant ; Oct. 4, Clara 
Doria made her American debut as Arline in "The Bohemian 
Girl. " Oct. 9 " Satanella" was produced with this cast : 

LeKa Clara Doria 

Count Rupert .... Wm. Castle 

Stella Mrs. Aynsley Cook 

Hortensius E. Seguin 

Pracacio G. Hall 

Arimanes . . . . S. C. CampbeU 

The opera was produced with a completeness of detail and mis- 
en-sckne quite unlooked for. I can recall no instance where an 
opera has been more richly and artistically mounted at the Acad- 
emy than in the case of " Satanella. " This was the first produc- 
tion this opera ever had in this city in its entirety. 

" Don Giovanni " was sung Oct. 16, with Mme. Parepa-Rosa as 
Donna Anna, Mme. Vanzini as Zerlina, Clara Doria as Donna 
Elvira, Tom Karl as Don Ottavio, S. C. Campbell as Don Gio- 
vanni, Aynsley Cook as Leporello, E. Seguin as Masetto, Ellis 
Ryse as Commendatore; Oct 17, " Lucrezia Borgia ; " Oct. 18, 
" Maritana ; " Oct. 19, the company appeared in Brooklyn in 
"Satanella;" Oct. 20, "Don Giovanni;" Oct. 21 (matinee), 
" Satanella. " With the performance of Mozart's " Don Giovanni " 
the Parepa-Rosa company concluded the most brilliant and in 
every sense the most truly gratifying season of opera in English 



Karl Thomas Whiffin 

The Vizier .... Mr. Bartleman 
Bertha . . . Mrs. Frank Boudinot 

First Pirate Mr. Kenross 

Satanella .... Mrs. Van Zandt 



70 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1871 



whereof record has been made. Parepa-Rosa, aided by the scholarly 
taste, large experience and remarkable executive ability of her 
husband, accomplished a revolution in the operatic world. An 
extra performance of " II Trovatore " was given by the Parepa-Rosa 
company, Oct. 21, when Wachtel, who had been singing in opera 
at the Stadt Theatre, appeared here as Manrico, Parepa-Rosa as 
Leonora, Gazzaniga as Azucena, Laurence as Count de Luna, and 
Hall as Fernando. Some idea of the interest excited by the d^but 
of Wachtel at the Academy and the simultaneous appearance of 
Parepa-Rosa in "II Trovatore " may be gathered from the fact that 
the receipts were the largest ever represented at the Irving Place 
house, being but a trifle less than ;S!9,ooo, while the actual amount 
disbursed by the public can be surmised from the illustrative inci- 
dent that a well-known ticket speculator realized nearly one thou- 
sand dollars from taking the chances in balcony seats and boxes. 
Many private boxes commanded $y$ and upward. The prices of 
admission were: Boxes, $^, $4, $3 and $2, and gallery $1. At 
7.30 o'clock the sale of admission tickets had to be suspended. 
The performance was listened to with profound attention, in spite 
of the uncomfortable pressure felt in every part of the house. A 
chorus of seventy and an orchestra of sixty, led by Carl Rosa, filled 
out the measure of an evening's enjoyment that must remain mem- 
orable to all who were lucky enough to experience it. 

Carl Rosa commenced a spring season of Italian opera Oct. 25 
with the debut of Mile. Christine Nilsson in " Lucia di Lammer- 
moor." It was boldly stated that the mantle of Jenny Lind had 
fallen upon the shoulders of her fair young countrywoman, and that 
Nilsson would renew the triumphs of the Swedish nightingale. 
As it turned out, Nilsson's genius was pent up in the narrow 
limits of the concert room. It needed the larger expanse of the 
lyric stage upon which its first efforts had been made — its first 
victory achieved. Her voice, although it contained high notes of 
extraordinary sweetness, purity, and carrying power, was justly 
found somewhat wanting in strength. Her mechanism in florid 
passages was imperfect, and her style at times uneasy and 
vague, as if the idea had not fully ripened in the artist's brain. 
Strakosch paid her $1,000 a night, one-half the receipts in excess 
of $3,000 and all her expenses and her companion from the time 
she left Paris until her return thereto. 

The annual benefit of the Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum oc- 
curred Oct. 24. It was under the direction of Augustin Daly, 
and the programme was as follows : Afternoon, the comedy called 
"California Diamonds," cast thus: 

Kerr Mudgeon . . . Chas. Foster Danby Squires . . Harry Holmes 

Mrs. Kerr Mudgeon Mrs. W. G. Jones Barney L. R. Willard 

Mrs. Danby Squires . . Polly Booth Betsey Anna Mortimer 



I870 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



71 



This was followed with a violin solo by Sig. Padovanni and an 
Irish ballad by Emma Howson. " London Assurance " (third act) 
followed : 



Lady Gay Spanker . Mrs. John Wood 
Sir Harcourt Courtley W. J. Lemoyne 
Charles Courtley . . George Clarke 
Grace Harkaway . . . Mary Carr 
Max Harkaway . . Geo. H. GriflSths 



Dazzle John Brougham 

Cool Edmund Pierce 

James W. Beekman 

Dolly Spanker . . Owen S. Fawcett 



The performance closed with Dan Bryant's Minstrels in a first 
part. The evening's performance commenced with "Taming of 
the Shrew," which had this cast: 

Katharina Clara Morris Biondello Frank 

Bianca .... Emma Rawlinson Music Master Chapman 

Curtis Mrs. Le Brun Nathaniel Stevens 

Petrucio Louis James Gregory Jones 

Baptista Geo. F. Devere Adam Thompson 

Grumio .... Owen S. Fawcett Ralph Williams 

Hortensio Al. G. Enos The Cook Webster 

Next came "The Day After the Wedding:" 



Col. Freelove . 
Lady Elizabeth . 
Davies . . . 



. . Neil Warner 

Emma Rawlinson 

Mrs. Le Brun 



Lord Rivers . . . . S. C. France 
James .... Owen S. Fawcett 
Groom F. Chapman 



This was followed by " The Returned Volunteer : " 



Bill Williams . . . W. J. Florence 
Betsy Parsons . . | . . . Jenny Lee 
Amelia . . . . \ Fannie Hayward 



Pickaninny . . 
James Smith 
Mrs. Pickaninny 



. Welsh Edwards 

Henry Montgomery 

Phyllis Glover 



Then came Tony Pastor, Jennie Yeamans, and Sheridan and Mack 
in songs, Blanche Selwyn in male personations; and the enter- 
tainment closed with "Box and Cox," W. Davidgeas Cox, Edward 
Lamb as Box, and Miss Griffiths as Mrs. Bouncer. Oct. 25 "II 
Barbiere " was given. " Faust " had been announced, but post- 
poned, in consequence of Mile. Nilsson's hoarseness. Mile. Duval 
appeared as Rosina, M. Capoul as Almaviva, Ronconi as Figaro, 
Barili as Basilio, and Coletti as Bartolo. The Amaranth ama- 
teurs, of Brooklyn, acted " She Stoops to Conquer " Oct. 30 : 

Sir Chas. Marlow . . . Mr. Bestow Diggory G. H. Whipple 

Young Marlow . . . . C. Bamburgh Kate Hardcastle . . . Miss Beadle 

Hastings S. Edson Miss Neville .... Miss Allen 

Old Hardcastle . T. E. Hardenburg Mrs. Hardcastle . . Mrs. St. George 
Tony Lumpkin . . . John Oakey 

"Box and Cox" followed, with Pope as Cox, Whipple as Box, and 
Miss Hall as Mrs. Bouncer. The entertainment was given for 
charity, and tickets were sold at $2 each. 

Nov. ^i "Martha" was sung, when Anna Louise Cary made her 



72 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1872 



Lothario 7 
Laertes 3 
Giarno CoUetti 



Jamet 



ddbut. M. Jamet, basso, also made his American debut; Nov. 8 
Christine Nilsson appeared as Marguerite, Capoul as Faust, Barre 
as Valentine, Miss Carey as Siebel, Jamet as Mephistopheles, 
Miss Cary as Martha, and Coletti as Wagner in the opera of 
"Faust." Nov. 17 "La Somnambula" was sung, with Mile. 
Cooney as Lisa, Miss Duval as Amina, Capoul as Elvino, and 
Sig. Buongiorno as the Count ; Nov. 22 " Mignon " was heard for 
the first time in this country. The cast was : 

Mignon Mile. Nilsson 

Filina Mile. Duval 

Frederic Mile. Ronconi 

Wilhelm Capoul 

The Metropolitan ball, in honor of the Grand Duke Alexis of 
Russia, took place Nov. 29. "La Traviata " was sung Dec. 15, 
Nilsson as Violetta, Capoul as Alfredo; Dec. 14 "La Fille du 
Regiment " and fourth act of " La Traviata " were given for the 
benefit of the French Benevolent society; Dec. 15, "Lucia," and 
matin6e, Dec. 16, "Fra Diavolo;" Dec. 20, "II Trovatore," Nils- 
son as Leonora, Anna Louise Cary as Azucena, and Bartolini as 
the Count. The season closed Jan. 10, 1872, when Nilsson said 
farewell in the r61e of Lucia. Barre appeared as Ashton, Brignoli 
as Edgardo, Colletti as Raimonde, Reichardt as Arturo. Herr 
Johann Strauss made his New York debut March 4. 

Christine Nilsson began her farewell season in New York with 
the Strakosch Italian Opera company . Since the days of Jenny 
Lind no singer so thoroughly and quickly won all hearts as Nils- 
son, and succeeded in fascinating large and brilliant audiences 
wherever she performed. Her matchless voice and lovely per- 
sonality gathered about her a host of friends, and not one admirer 
of standard music in this city but regretted her departure from 
our midst. In 1888 she acquired the title of Countess de Casa- 
Miranda by her marriage with a Spanish nobleman at Madrid. 
She possessed light blue eyes, flaxen hair, and a winning smile, 
with a high soprano voice. 

On April i an Italian opera season opened for twelve subscription 
nights with "II Trovatore." It was the Parepa-Rosa-Wachtel com- 
bination, with Santley, Adelaide Phillips in the company. In 
eighteen performances, including one in Brooklyn, the receipts were 
;^i22,ooo. De Vivo was the manager. Parepa-Rosa's last appear- 
ance in this city was April 30, 1872, as Valentina in "Les Hugue- 
nots," Herr Wachtel being the Raoul, and Santley, Conte De St. 
Bris. She died at Maida Vale, London, England, Jan. 22, 1874, after 
a brief illness. She was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1839. 
Under her mother's fostering care she became an apt student, and 
learned to speak English, French, Italian, German, and Spanish 
with fluency. When eighteen years of age she made her d^but in 



1872] ACADEMY OF MUSIC 73 

opera at Malta, singing Amina in " La Somnambula. " In the early 
part of i860 she first sang in English opera with the Pyne & Har- 
rison troupe, with whom she continued three winters. In 1863 
she was married to Captain Carril, an officer of the East India ser- 
vice, who had just then retired. Seven months after the bridal 
day he went to Lima, and his wife never saw him again, as he 
died there in April, 1865. The issue of this marriage died shortly 
after its birth, and the mother, to divert her mind, returned to the 
stage. In 1865 she was engaged by H. L. Bateman for a concert 
tour in America, and made her first appearance on this side of the 
water at Steinway Hall, Sept. 11, of that year. After two success- 
ful concert seasons in this country she married Carl August Nicolas 
Rosa. After this marriage she sang for two seasons in English 
opera, and for some weeks in Italian. 

Carl Rosa came to America with Bateman 's company, as solo 
violinist, and during his first tour in the United States he met and 
married Mme. Parepa, who was the prima donna. In 1869 the 
company went to California over the Isthmus of Panama, return- 
ing by coach across the continent. Carl Rosa died at Paris, France, 
April 30, 1889. 

This house was reopened Sept. 2, for the farewell of the Yokes 
Family. " Black Eyed Susan " and " Belles of the Kitchen " were 
acted. Among the volunteers were Charles R. Thorne, Welsh 
Edwards, and Harry Josephs. Mrs. Macready commenced a one 
week's engagement Sept. 9. She appeared as Shylock in "The 
Merchant of Venice," and acted it four evenings. Friday and 
Saturday evenings, Sept. 13 and 14, she played Cardinal Richelieu. 
In " The Merchant of Venice " she acted Shylock. She died at 
Marshall, near Utica, N. Y., Sept. 20, 1873. 

Pauline Lucca made her American ddbut Sept. 30, 1872, singing 
Selika in "L'Africaine." 

The dramatic agency business has been attempted by a great 
many disappointed actors, in New York; finding their "talent" 
not that way inclined, they soon gave it up. Wardle Corbyn was 
the pioneer dramatic agent. He died in England, Nov. 7, 1880. 
He was the father of " Sherry " Corbyn. Charles Thomas Parsloe, 
father of Charles Parsloe, Jr., was the next one. He had offices 
in or adjoining the Chambers Street Theatre in 1850. He after- 
ward smoved to 410 Broadway, between Walker and Canal streets. 
On May i, 1859, he removed to 429 Broadway, corner of Howard 
Street. In May, 1861, he removed to 15 East Houston Street. His 
next move was in the summer of 1863, to 14 West Bleecker Street, 
next to 566 Broadway, corner of Prince Street. He died in this 
city, Sept. 12, 1870. Thomas Grattan Riggs, George Thompson, 
and John Wild opened an agency on the second floor of Military 
Hall, Bowery, opposite Spring Street. Harry Cunningham was 



74 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C'Sj* 

the next one, situated on the east side of Broadway near Bleecker 
Street. 

Harry Wall and " Sherry " Corbyn established a dramatic agency 
on the west side of Broadway, between Bleecker and Amity Streets. 
They called it the International Agency, which they conducted 
for about two years. Mr. Corbyn retired in 1867 and Morris 
Simmonds purchased from Wall the business, and with Ben 
Lowell opened offices at 609 Broadway. In 1874 they dissolved 
copartnership, and Mr. Simmonds removed to No. 10 Union 
Square, where he remained for five years. 

The writer of this was the next dramatic agent. I leased the 
first floor of the building, northwest corner of Bleecker Street and 
Broadway, and began business May i, 1870. I removed to 718 
Broadway, May i, 1871, where I remained until Nov. 28, 1872, 
when the building and Lina Edwin's Theatre (located directly in 
the rear), were destroyed by fire. I then opened at 9 West Fourth 
Street, and remained there until May i, 1877, when I left the 
business to go on the road as business manager for Dion Bouci- 
cault's "Shaughraun" company. 

Matt. W. Canning and Ben Lowell established an agency on 
Broadway, near Amity Street, in the fall of 1871. J. Alexander 
Brown and James Barnes next came into the field, and opened an 
office at 854 Broadway (below Fourteenth Street), May 15, 1877. 
They continued nearly two years, when Mr. Barnes retired from 
the business, and Mr. Brown removed to Fourth Avenue and 
Fourteenth Street. 

Mrs. Fernandez started an agency for children, east side of 
Broadway, below Thirtieth Street. She next moved to north side 
of Thirtieth Street near Broadway, and her next move was to the 
Holland Building, Broadway and Fortieth Street. 

Charles R. Gardiner opened an agency for a brief term at 12 
Union Square. John Sandford had a variety agency on the north- 
east corner of Amity and Mercer streets for several years. Harry 
Wall took a lease of an office in the Union Square Hotel, Union 
Square and Fifteenth Street, and Martin W. Hanley became asso- 
ciated with him for a few months. 

J. J. Spies and Harry Smart bought out C. R. Gardiner's inter- 
est at 12 Union Square, and afterwards removed to Broadway, above 
Seventeenth Street. Mr. Smart withdrew from the business about 
two years afterwards, and Mr. Spies continued alone. 

On May 7, 1879, I became a partner with Morris Simmonds and 
opened offices at 863 Broadway above Seventeenth Street, remov- 
ing May I, 1881, to 1,166 Broadway, above Twenty-seventh 
Street. Here we remained until April 25, 1889, when we removed 
to the Broadway Theatre building. Forty-first Street and Broad- 
way. We next removed to Broadway and Thirtieth Street, April 



1873] ACADEMY OF MUSIC 75 

20, 1893. Morris Simmonds died in this city, May 20, 1896, and 
I moved to 1,358 Broadway, southwest comer of Thirty-sixth 
Street, April 27, 1898. The writer is at present the oldest dramatic 
agent living in point of service. Mrs. Beaumont Packard was the 
next, after whom came R. A. Roberts and Thomas Egbert ; then 
John Ince and R. A. Roberts, after whom came the Actors' 
Society, with a dramatic agency of their own. Maze Edwards 
opened a musical agency at 41 Union Square in the summer of 
1887. The first "booking agency" was opened by Joseph Brookes 
and James Dickson, at 44 West Twenty-third Street. "Book- 
ing agents " are men who obtain " dates " for " combinations " and 
" stars " at the theatres throughout the country. 

Charles Frohman and W. W. Randall opened a booking agency 
at 1,225 Broadway, below Thirtieth Street, summer of 1887. Mr. 
Randall withdrew in the winter of 1888-89, and Mr. Frohman 
continued alone, until he was joined by Arthur Miller. 

Wm. R. Hayden, N. D. Roberts and James B. Dickson opened an 
agency at 1,162 Broadway, above Twenty-seventh Street, in the 
summer of 1887. The next to embark in the business was the 
Actors' Fund, which established a theatrical registry in 1885. J. 
L. Saphore was put in charge of the business. 

Klaw and Erlanger bought out Harry Taylor, who had an 
agency on Fourteenth Street, between Fifth and Sixth avenues 
and established themselves in Thirtieth Street, near Broadway, 
and finally removed to the Holland Building, Broadway and For- 
tieth Street. 

A benefit for the relief of the company and attaches of the 
Barnum Circus (which had been burned out) occurred Jan. 7, 
1873. The Lydia Thompson Burlesque company began a week's 
engagement May 5. The following was the repertory: "Blue 
Beard," " Kenilworth, " "Lurline," "Robin Hood," and "Alad- 
din." A matinee performance for the benefit of the Foundling 
Asylum in charge of the Sisters of Charity was given on June 12, 
under the direction of Augustin Daly. " Hamlet " was played 
with this cast: Hamlet, C. Fechter; Polonius, Geo. Griflfith; 
First actor, Chas. Wheatleigh; Guildenstern, Geo. Devere; The 
Queen, Mrs. E. L. Davenport; King, Milnes Levick; Rosen- 
crantz, B. T. Ringgold. "As You Like It" followed, by Ade- 
laide Neilson and her company; "A Regular Fix" by E. A. 
Sothern, Davidge, and others; "Madelein Morel" (third act) by 
Daly's company; "Humpty Dumpty" by Geo. L. Fox and others, 
and Bryant's Minstrels. The receipts reached nearly ^10,000. 
At an auction sale of the private boxes, Albert Weber, the piano 
maker, bought one of the lower proscenium boxes, paying $800. 

Tomaso Salvini, with an Italian company, made his Ameri- 
can debut Sept. 16, under the management of Maurice Grau, 



jb A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1873 

in "Othello," supported by Alessandro Salvini as lago; Sept. 
20-22 he played "Ingoraar;" Sept. 23, "La Morte Civile" 
was announced, but in consequence of not being ready the house 
was closed, and reopened Sept. 24, with "Othello;" Sept. 26 
"La Morte Civile" was acted for the -first time in America; 
matinee, Sept. 27, "Othello;" Oct. 2, "Hamlet," for the first 
time in America; "Hamlet" was repeated Oct. 4; "Francesca 
da Rimini," with Salvini as Paoli, for the first time in America; 
"The Gladiator " was given Oct. 9; matinee, Oct. 11, he acted with 
his company at Wallack's Theatre (Broadway and Thirteenth 
Street) in "Othello;" Oct. 14, "The Gladiator" at the Acad- 
emy; Oct. 16, "Othello;" at Wallack's Theatre; matinee, Oct. 
18, "David Garrick." Salvini gave four performances, as follows: 
Oct. 21, "David Garrick;" matinee, Oct. 22, Union Square Thea- 
tre; Oct. 23, Academy, "Othello;" matinee, Oct. 25, "Hamlet," 
at the Lyceum Theatre. 

Strakosch commenced a season of Italian opera Sept. 29, with 
"La Traviata," Victor Capoul and Sig. Del Puente in the cast. 
Mile. Maresi made her American d6but Oct. i, as did Sig. Italo 
Campanini as Genarro in "Lucrezia Borgia." Anna Louise Cary 
appeared for the first time in the r61e of Maffeo Orsini, Sig. Nan- 
netti (first appearance in America) as the Duke. M. Maurel made 
his New York debut Oct. 3, as Valentino in " Faust. " Oct. 6 was 
the joint appearance of Christine Nilsson and Campanini in " Lucia 
di Lammermoor;" Oct. 8 Nilsson appeared in "II Trovatore;" 
Oct. 10 she sang Marguerite in "Faust." Oct. 13 she appeared 
in "Mignon," and the season closed (matinee) Dec. 6 with 
"Mignon." 

Maurice Strakosch died at Paris, Oct. 9, 1887. He came to 
America in 1848, as manager of the Salvatore Patti company, and 
appeared in concert in this city Oct. 2 of that year. He married 
Amalia Patti, sister of Adelina. He was Adelina Patti 's manager 
in all her concert tours from that time until her marriage with the 
Marquis of Caux. His opera "Don Giovanni di Napoli " was 
sung in this city in 1857. He played in concerts throughout the 
United States with Ole Bull. He was the impresario of Chris- 
tine Nilsson, of Carlotta Patti, Mario, Mme. Gabrielle Kraus, and 
Marie Heilbron. He was manager at Paris, Vienna, and Rome, 
and with Albert Fischhoff "discovered" Sigfried Arnoldson, a 
Swedish singer, and Miss Nikita, fourteen years of age, whom 
he regarded as a second Patti. 

Tomaso Salvini reappeared Dec. 8, 1873, and acted, for the first 
time in this city, Orosmanes in " Zaira. " " Samson " was given (first 
time here) Dec. 10; "David Garrick," Dec. 12; " Samson, " mati- 
nee, Dec. 13; and his fiftieth performance in America took place 
Dec. 15, for his benefit, when "Othello" was acted. "Samson," 



1874] 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



T7 



was given Dec. 17. Signorina Piamonti, Salvini's leading lady, 
took a benefit Dec. 19, when "Elizabeth, Queen of England," was 
given, Salvini as Robert, Earl of Essex, and Piamonti as Eliza- 
beth. This same bill was repeated (matinee) Dec. 20, when Sal- 
vini closed his engagement. 

Max and Maurice Strakosch gave three evenings and one matinee 
of Italian opera, as follows: Dec. 24, "Les Huguenots," Christine 
Nilsson as Valentina, Anna Louise Cary, Campanini, and Del 
Puente in the cast; Dec. 25, "Aida;" Dec. 26, "Lucia di Lam- 
mermoor," Victor Capoul as Edgardo, for the first time in this 
city, and "Ai'da," matinee, Dec. 2T. 

The Kellogg English Opera company, under C. D. Hess and 
Maurice Grau's direction, began an engagement here Jan. 21, 
1874, in "Lucia," which they followed with "Martha," "Mari- 
tana," "The Bohemian Girl," "The Marriage of Figaro," "Rigo- 
letto," and "Faust," when the season closed. 

The Strakosch Italian Opera company reappeared Feb. 23 with 
the announced farewell appearance in America of Christine Nils- 
son, Mile. Torriani, Maresi, Annie Louise Cary, Signors Capoul, 
Campanini, M. Maurel, Del Puente, Scolari, Nannetti ; E. Muzio, 
conductor. "Lucia" was sung Feb. 23-27; "Mignon," Feb. 25; 
"Ai'da" (matinee), Feb. 28; "Mignon," March 2, 7; "Aida," March 
4; "II Trovatore," March 6; "Les Huguenots," March 9. The 
first representations in America of " Lohengrin " were given with 
this cast, March 23-25 : 



Elsa Nilsson 

Ortruda Anna L. Cary 

Lohengrin Campanini 



Frederick Del Puenta 

Henry Nannetti 

King's Herald Blum 



On March 26 a charity benefit performance, "La Fille de 
Madame Angot " (" The Daughter of Mme. Angot ") was pre- 
sented with this cast: 



Clairette Angot .... Marie Aimee 

Mile. Lange Mile. Stani 

Amaranthe .... Mile. Cantrelle 

Javotte Mile. Gerzey 

Cydalise Mile. Juteau 

Mile, du Condray . . Mile. Duplan 

Hersilie Mile. Vandame 

Babet Mile. Perant 

Manon .... Mile. Deschamps 

Th^r&se Mile. Nardin 

Herbelin Marie Nardin 

Ange Pitou .... Mons. Juteau 



Larivaudiere 

Trenitz 

Pomponnet 

Louchard 

Cadet 

Buteux . 

Guillaume 

Un Encroyable 

Un Officier . 

Un Cabaretier . 

Musical Conductor 



Mons. Duchesne 

. Mons. Lecuyer 

Mons. Deschamps 

Mons. Duplan 

Mons. Benedick 

. Mons. Julien 

Mons. Nardin 

Mons. Salvator 

Mons. Davalis 

Mons. Perrault 

. C. VanGhele 



The lima Di Murska Italian Opera company commenced a 
week's stay April 6, when " La Somnambula " was given, Di Murska 
as Amina; April 8 "Linda di Chamounix " was sung; April 10, 



78 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE 1:1875 



"Dinorah;" and matinee, April 11, "Martha." Professor Herr- 
mann (the younger) reappeared in America May 11. A matinee 
performance, Oct. 20, was given for the Foundling Hospital and 
the attraction was " School for Scandal " (fourth act) ; Fred 
Maccabe, ventriloquist; the Bent Bros, in cornet solo; "The 
Sphinx," by the Union Square Theatre company; "Partners for 
Life," by Wallack's Theatre company; Harrigan and Hart, and 
"The Critic " by Daly's company. The season closed May 4, with 
a benefit to Capoul. Max Strakosch took a benefit May 5. Char- 
lotte Cushman gave a reading May 30 for the benefit of the Shelter- 
ing Arms. Salvini gave a performance of " Othello " June 22. 

The regular season of Italian opera opened Sept. 28 with " La 
Traviata," Marie Heilbron as Violetta, Benfratelli as Alfredo, Del 
Puente as Germont ; " Aida " was sung Sept. 30 ; " Faust, " Oct. 2, 
10; "II Trovatore," Oct. 5, Vittona Potentini as Leonora, Anna 
Louise Cary as Azucena, Carlo Carpi as Manrico, Del Puente as 
Count di Luna, Scolaroas Ferrando; "La Figliadel Reggimente," 
Oct. 7, and "Arda," Oct. 9. Emma Albani made her American 
debut Oct. 21, as Amina in "La Somnambula;" Nov. 9 she sang 
in "Ernani." Verdi's "Requiem Mass" was given for the first 
time in America Nov. 17. 

C. D. Hess commenced a brief season of English opera Jan. 25, 
187s, with Kellogg, in "II Trovatore," Miss Beaumond (first ap- 
pearance in New York) as Azucena, William Carleton as Count di 
Luna, Hamilton as Ferrando, Joseph Maas as Manrico. " Mignon " 
was rendered Jan. 29 for the first time in English. " The Talis- 
man," by Balfe, was given for the first time in America Feb. 10. 
E. Muzio took a benefit March 5, when " Lohengrin " and a con- 
cert were presented. 

The Kellogg troupe reappeared March 29 for one week. Max 
Maretzek produced "L'Ombra" ("The Shadow") April 9, 10. 
The cast was: Adelaide Randall, Gina; Tagliapietra, Mironet; 
Miss M. Hoffman, Vespina; Benfratelli, Fabrizio. Mile. G. 
Morali made her d^but April 21 as Ernani. 

The benefit for the family of the late Dan Bryant took place 
April 29, 1875, and the receipts were 1^1,918.50. The programme 
was: 

"A GENTLEMAN FROM IRELAND." 

Grip C. Collins 



Gerald Fitzmaurice John Brougham 
Mr. Clover .... Welsh Edwards 
Hugh Savage . . . C. Burroughs 
Charles Clover . . . . C. Rockwell 



Servant O. Montague 

Agnes Clover .... Ada Monk 
Lucy Clover . . . Miss A. Leonard 



This was foUowed by : " It is the Custom of the Country, or Yan- 
kee Help ' — Melissa, with Yankee song, Mrs. Barney Williams : Mrs. Pliant 
Manners Mary Wells; MiUy Manners, Meta Bartlett; Mr. Pliant Manners, 
Welsh Edwards; Mortimer Sparkle, James J. Bartlett; Frank T. R. Davis 
After this was given ■* "<»v». 



18763 ACADEMY OF MUSIC 79 



"SIMPSON & CO." 



Mrs. Simpson . . Mrs. John Drew 

Mrs. Bromley . . . Kitty Blancliard 

Madame La Trappe . . Fanny Morant 

Mrs. Fitzallen . . . Rose Massey 



Mr. Simpson .... Frank Mackay 

Mr. Bromley G. F. Rowe 

Foster F. W. Sanger 

Servant C. W. Collins 



Followed by the second and third acts of Flotow's new opera, " L'Ombra " — 
Gina, Adelaide Randall; Vespina, Miss M. HoSmann; Fabrizio, Sig. Benfratelli ; 
Miraut, Sig. Tagliapietra. The performance to conclude with a minstrel enter- 
tainment by Dan Bryant's Minstrels, in which W. Dwyer, Dave Reed, W. Ray- 
mond, J. W. McAndrews, C. Templeton and J. J. Kelly appear. 

" Amos Clarke " was acted here June 10 by a dramatic company, 
and Mrs. Geo. Rignold (n^e Maria Henderson) made her American 
debut. 

The Kiralfy Brothers appeared here Aug. 28, with " Around the 
World in Eighty Days." Owen Marlowe acted Phineas Fogg; 
Harry Rainforth, Passepartout; Minnie Conway, Aouda; John 
W. Jennings, Fix; Alex. Fitzgerald, O'Pake; Dora Goldthwaite, 
Nemea; and Kate Fraser Fox, Nakahira. Owen Marlowe made his 
last appearance on the New York stage Sept. 11, 1875, as Phineas 
Fogg. He then went to the Globe Theatre, Boston, and was a 
member of that company up to the time of his death. He made 
his last appearance on the stage in the Academy of Music, 
Chelsea, Mass., April i, 1876, acting Talbot Champneys in "Our 
Boys." He died May 19 of that year, in the Massachusetts General 
Hospital, Boston. 

The opera season began Oct. 18, with "Les Huguenots," 
Wachtel as Raoul, and Mme. Pappenheim as Jeannette. Emma 
Kerster, Bruno Guenzburger, Adolph Fanosch, Josef Fassben- 
der, and Julius Milden were also in the cast. Wachtel appeared 
Oct. 20 as Chaplon in "Le Postilion de Lonjumeau;" Oct. 
25, "The Jewess" ("La Juive") was sung; Nov. 4 benefit of 
the Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum was given. The season 
closed Dec. 4. 

Mile. Terese Tietjens made her first appearance in Italian opera 
in America Jan. 24, 1876, as Norma, Miss Beaumont as Adelgisa, 
Sig. Baccie (first appearance in New York) as Pollio, Sig. Rajna 
as Oroveso. Brignoli (after an absence of three years) appeared 
Jan. 31, as Genarro in " Lucrezia Borgia. " Tietjens appeared as 
Leonora in "La Traviata," Feb. 11, for the first time in America; 
Feb. 14, "II Barbiere di Seviglia," with Adelaide Phillips as 
Rosina, Signorina Lamberti (first appearance) as Rosta, Tom Karl 
as Almaviva, Ferranti (first appearance) as Figaro. The season 
closed Feb. 19. 

Clara Louise Kellogg commenced with an English opera com. 



8o A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1876 

pany Feb. 28, 1876, in "Martha." "The Star of the North" had 
its first representation here in English, March 3, Kellogg as Cat- 
tarina; Mme. Julia Rosewald (first appearance), Miss Lancaster, 
Conly, Peakes, Allen, and Maas were in the company. They 
closed March 11, with "The Rose of Castile." 

The French company opened for three nights March 21. Eu- 
genie Pappenheim made her debut in Italian opera April 7, as 
Violetta, in "La Traviata." Terese Tietjens took her farewell 
benefit April 10, when selections were given from Italian, Ger- 
man, and English operas. Anna de Bolocca made her American 
debut April 17, as Rosina, in "II Barbiere di Seviglia," with Tom 
Karl as Almaviva. "Cinderella," by children, for the benefit of 
the Women's Centennial Union, was given (matinee), April 20. 
The season closed April 26, when Anna de Bolocca appeared as 
Mignon for the first time in America. Fanny Kellogg then 
made her first appearance on any stage as Filina. 

A performance of " Hamlet " took place April 24, with the 
Count Joannes as the melancholy Dane. The house was the 
scene of unprecedented confusion and excitement, noise, ridicule, 
and laughter. There were about one thousand persons present 
who were resolved to be amused, and although mischievous enough, 
they were good-natured, applauded ironically, condemned kindly, 
encouraged insincerely, recalled the Ghost cruelly. The house was 
convulsed with incessant laughter. Instead of bouquets, foot- 
stools were thrown on the stage. So exuberant were the auditors 
that Count Joannes advanced to the footlights, just before the 
fencing scene in the fifth act, and said : " Remember, this is the 
Academy of Music. Prove yourselves gentlemen." The com- 
pany was about the worst ever collected, and seemed to have per- 
sonal grievances against Shakespeare. So far as the Count was 
concerned, those that came to scoff remained to praise, for his 
performance of Hamlet possessed intelligence, sincerity, earnest- 
ness, and gentleness, and there was nothing in his personation 
that deserved ridicule. He acted as a scholar, and, in despite of 
much provocation, behaved himself as a gentleman. Blanche 
Osborne was the Ophelia. 

A season of English opera commenced June 5, with Jeffries & 
Co. as the managers. The occasion was the debut of Gertrude 
Corbett as Norma. Alice Hosmer as Adelgisa, Christine Fritsch 
as Pollio, Alcain Blum as Oroveso ; Caryl Florio was conductor. 
The " season " terminated June 8. On July 8 a benefit was given 
for the Central Dispensary of this city. George Rignold came all 
the way from San Francisco, Cal., to play Romeo, and he returned 
to that city in time to sail July 16 for Australia. He travelled 
a distance of nearly 7,000 miles to keep his word for charity. 
"Romeo and Juliet" was acted, with this cast: 



18773 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



8l 



Romeo Geo. Rignold 

Nurse Mary Wells 

Balthazar H. J. Hayward 

Mercutio Louis Aldrich 

Friar Lawrence . . . . H. Weaver 

Benvolio H. B. Bradley 

Capulet G. B. Waldron 



Juliet Sara Jewett 

Lady Capulet . . Mrs. H. Weaver 
Apothecary .... Chas. Bansley 

Page Kate Livingstone 

Peter J. M. Herbert 

Tybalt ^ E. K. Collier 

Paris James H. McGee 



A season of Italian opera commenced Oct. 2, with "Norma." 
Mme. Maria Palraieri made her New York debut, and it was also 
the first appearance in this city of Persiani as Adelgisa; Sig. 
Palmieri was the Pollione; Conly made his first appearance in 
Italian opera as Oroveso. The season terminated Oct. 7. Marie 
Aimee appeared Oct. 23 in "La Jolie Parfumeuse," which was 
repeated Oct. 24 and (matinee) Oct. 25. She also introduced her 
English song and dance, "Pretty as a Picture." "La Fille de 
Mme. Angot " was given Oct. 25. The Roman Catholic Orphan 
Asylum had a benefit, afternoon and evening, Nov. 26. The attrac- 
tion was "The Two Orphans," "Forbidden Fruit," "Jenny Lind," 
"The Irish Lion," Kelly & Leon's Minstrels, Harrigan and Hart 
and several specialty artists. A concert season opened Nov. 27, 
under the management of James W. Morrissey, withTheo. Thomas' 
orchestra; Emma Thursby, Mme. Gulager, Anna Drasdil, Brig- 
noli, Chas. Fritsch, Ferranti, Madeline Schiller, Carreno Sauret, 
Gustave Satter, and S. B. Mills were the artists. A performance 
on Thanksgiving night was for the benefit of the new Church of 
St. Agnes. 

The Clara Louise Kellogg English Opera company commenced 
Jan. 23, 1877, in "The Bohemian Girl;" Jan. 24, "Faust;" Jan. 
26, 27, (first times in English), "The Flying Dutchman;" Jan. 29, 
"Martha;" Jan. 31, "The Star of the North;" Feb. 6, "Lucia;" 
Feb. 9, "Mignon," and closed (matinee) Feb. 10, with "Faust." 
The organization consisted of Clara Louise Kellogg, Julia Rose- 
wald, Joseph Maas, Geo. A. Conly, C. H. Turner, Zelda Seguin, 
William Carleton, Henry Peakes, Edward Seguin, Cayla, Holland, 
Tams, Misses Lancaster and Howard. What was termed a Wagner 
festival commenced March 12, under the management of J. C. 
Fryer, with "The Flying Dutchman," Eugenie Pappenheim as 
Senta, Miss Cooney as Mary, Christine Fritsch as Eric, FelixT 
Preusser as Daland, A. Blum as the Flying Dutchman; March 14 
" Lohengrin " was sung, with the American d6but in opera of G. 
Werrengrath as Lohengrin. Clara Pou joined the company. 
"The Flying Dutchman "was repeated March 16; "Lohengrin" 
(matinle) March 17; " Tannhauser " was sung March 19, 21, 23. 
" Die Walkiire " was given April 2 for the first time in America, 
and with this cast : 

VOL. II. — 6 



82 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1877 



Brunnhilde . . Eugenie Pappenheim 
Sleglinde .... Pauline Canissa 

Siegmund A. BischofE 

Wotan Felix Preusser 



Fricka Mme. Listner 

Gerhilde Frida de Gebel 

Hundling A. Blum 



The festival closed April 3. Adolph Neuendorff was musical 
conductor. 

The Havana Opera company opened April 6, 1877, in "IlTrova- 
tore," under Albites & Palmieri. Mme. Palmieri, Mile. Rambelli, 
Signori Celado, Bartolasi, and D'Al Negro, and Mile. March were 
in the company. Max Maretzek was conductor. They closed April 
21. Maurice Grau took a benefit June 18, when Aimee sang, in 
English, " Pretty as a Picture ; " the second act of Offenbach's 
" La Boulangere a des ficus ; " third act of " La Vie Parisienne " 
("Life in Paris"), and second act of "La Fille de Mme. Angot," 
with an exceptionally novel and remarkable cast, all the characters 
being reversed. The female characters were performed by the 
gentlemen, the male characters by the ladies. The cast was : 



Ange Pitou Aimee 

Larivaudure . . . Mile. Gueymard 
The Officer .... Mile. Letillier 
Clairette Mr. Raoult 



Pomponnet Dupan 

Lonchard Desiree 

Trenitz Vaudame 

Mile. Lange Duplan 



A testimonial matinee was given Oct. 12 for the benefit of the 
widow of Edwin Adams, and the following was the programme: 
Overture, "William Tell," Gilmore's Band; recitation by Regina 
Dace; comic songs, Tony Pastor; piano solo, S. B. Mills; "The 
School for Scandal " (screen scene) : Sir Peter Teazle, John Gil- 
bert; Charles Surface, Edward Arnot; Joseph Surface, Geo. F. 
Devere; Lady Teazle, Rose Coghlan; Joseph's servant, Mr. Peck. 
Musical selections by the Eagle Theatre orchestra, directed by 
Henry Wannemacher; duet, William Castle and Henry Peakes 
(orchestra directed by Sig. Operti); the midget. General Mite; 
imitations, Charles Backus; first act of "Struck Oil": John 
Stoffel, James C. Williamson; Lizzie Stoffel, Maggie Moore 
(Mrs. J. C. Williamson); Susan Stoffel, Mrs. Sol Smith; Eben 
Skinner, H. A. Weaver, Sr. ; Sergt. Flynn, J. J. Sullivan ; Cor- 
poral Sharp, Sol Smith. Popular airs of the period, by the Union 
Square Theatre orchestra, directed by H. Tissington ; " Chanson- 
ette Nouvelles." "Les Legons D'Anglais" (English Lessons); 
Marie Aimee's orchestra, conducted by M. Almeras; "Camille" 
(fourth act): Camille, Clara Morris; Armand Duval, McKee 
Rankin; De Varville, J. W. Carroll; Gaston, Wm. R. Floyd; 
Gustave, E. M. Holland; Prudence, Mrs. John Sefton; Olympe, 
Josephine Baker. Next came the third act of "Othello": the 
Moor, E. A. Sothern; lago, W. J. Florence; Cassio, H. Crisp; 
Desdemona, Lotta; Emelia, Mrs. John Drew. The sketch called 



I877D ACADEMY OF MUSIC 83 

"The Crushed Actors," by Harrigan and Hart; Bryant's Min- 
strels, in a first part; Dutch sketch, songs and dances by Bobby 
Newcomb; the singing of "Auld Lang Syne" closed the enter- 
tainment. The treasurer was Theo. Moss; stage manager, Leon 
J. Vincent. The ushers were Henry E. Abbey, W. R. Deutsch, 
Jas. H. Meade, H. Wall, J. G. Peakes, Morris Simmonds, J. J. 
Sullivan, Chandos Fulton, S. F. McGraw, Thos. E. Morris, Louis 
Aldrich, and Stanley McKenna. The total amount received by 
the committee was 110,099.17; the amount of expenses paid by 
them, ^718.16; and the sum paid to Mrs. Adams, 1^9,381. 01. Mrs. 
Edwin Adams received the following donations: T. W. Davey's 
combination, ;^ioo; B. McCauley, Cincinnati, 1^250; J. W. 
Albaugh from benefit performance in Albany, $^2^. $0. Many of 
the New York newspapers advertised the benefit without charge. 
The Domestic Sewing Machine company sent to Mrs. Adams a 
sewing machine valued at ^70. It will be perceived that a fund 
of over ;^io,ooo, clear of all expenses, was raised for Mrs. Adams 
by this benefit. W. J. Florence, ;$ioo; E. A. Sothern, $560; box 
donated and resold for ;?I25, making a total of 1^685; Theo. Moss, 
$7$; E. Lanouette, 1^50; Maggie Mitchell, ^100; Judge Curtis, 
$SO; Dr. Charles Phelps, $2$; E. A. Buck, $$0; Tony Pastor, 
^160; check from Elmira, ^100; Henry E. Abbey, $100; W. R. 
Deutsch, box donated and resold for ^55; E. G. Gilmore, ;gso; 

check (an admirer, Mr. S ), $50; Robert Heller, box donated 

and resold, $50; William Van Tassell, $■^0; eight hundred and 
eighty seats at $5 each, 1^2,640; thirty -one first row boxes at ;^20 
each, ;^620; thirty-eight second and third row boxes at $15 each, 
and less exchanges and seats sold at $1 each, ;^ 187. 83; eighteen 
boxes at ;^ip, ;^i8o; fifty-two boxes at 1^2.50, $130; four hundred 
and fifty-eight gallery seats at ^1.50, ^687; eleven hundred and 
seventeen admissions, ^1,117; premiums on seats, $24; J. C. 
Williamson (two gallery seats), jjlioo; Arthur Cheney, ;^ioo; 
W. G. Fargo (four orchestra seats), |Sioo; Frank Mayo, ^50; E. 
L. Anderson, ^50; Mrs. Morrison's company, Toronto, Ont., 
;^27; Charles E. Leland, $2$; Milton Nobles' combination, $2$; 
William Winter, $5; Mrs. J. W. Buckland, $$; "Luke Fielding," 
$S; "Donation," $2$; Chestnut Street Theatre benefit, Phila- 
delphia, Oct. 12, $722; Thomas B. McDonough, $2^; Dwight 
Amsden, Detroit, Mich., $s; Henry Ashley (one admission 
ticket), ;^20; Dominick Murray, ;jSio; Grand Opera House (C. J. 
Whitney), Detroit, Mich., 1^50.30; Flower-stand in Academy on 
day of performance, the Misses Jean Burnside and Nellie Morti- 
mer, ^^52.87; Alice Oates Opera Bouffe company, ;^ioo; satin pro- 
grammes, j^iSi; Pittsburg Opera House benefit, Oct. 17, 1^805. 

"Bobby" Newcomb, who appeared at the Adams benefit, died at 
Tacoma, W. T., June i, 1888, of pneumonia. His right name was 



84 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE 1:1877 



Robert Hughes, and he was born in England in 1843. He took 
the name of Newcomb in i860, being the protege of William New- 
comb, the well-known minstrel performer. He wrote many popu- 
lar songs, among them " The Big Sunflower, " " Where the Tansies 
Grow," "The Ivy Leaf," etc., and he was the author of a poem 
called "Dorkin's Night." 

On Oct. 13, 1877, there was presented for the first time in 
America, A. F. Leiss' American comedy, "Married and Not 
Married," with this cast. 

Capt. Vander Smissen Walter Adrian 

Frank Merit > ~ . R.-thprs J Mr. Carrington 

Fred Merit ^ Twin Brothers | Geo. Talbot 

Mimosa Vander Smissen Miss E. Sommers 

Ching Cliung Frank Tannehill, Jr. 

White Feather Geo. Fredericks 

Lucy Daly Imogene Vandyke 



The Hen Skeleton . 
Prof. Tapir 
Thomas . 
Pompy 
Crazy Male 
Maria . . 
Jane . . 



A. G. Ford 

John E. Ince 

. J. W. Burton 

. Geo. T. James 

. . F. Thornton 

Lizzie McCall 

Miss L. Dickinson 



Giocomo J. F. deGez 

Benaventura . . . Thos. Whiffen 
Father Ortel . . . . T. E. Morris 

Tuck Edwin Nalord 

Sappho Kate Singleton 

Katherine Georgie Lee 



The play was a bad one, and one performance ended its career. 

Emma Thursby gave a concert Oct. 29. Brignoli, S. B. Mills, 
Theo. Thomas' orchestra, and Geo. W. Colby, accompanist, appeared. 

Nov. I the annual Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum benefit took 
place : 



Benito . . . . 
Walter . . . 
Montgomery 
Isabella . . . 
Miss Montague 
Miss Frazer . . 
Miss Lippincott 



H 



C. J. FyfFe 
B. Bradley 
. . E. Locke 
. Kate Byron 

Miss Ellis 
Miss Williams 
. Miss Telbin 



Leonard . . . . ^ . Fred Percy 
Daniel Webster ... E. Marble 
Hero .... Oliver Doud Byron 

Sallie Minnie Gray 

Miss Casethire .... Miss Laird 
Miss Jenkins .... Miss Bogart 



The evening performance commenced with Harry Clarke in 
Irish eccentricities, followed by Murphy and Shannon in Dutch 
specialties; Louise Murio, balladist; Clarke Bros, in musical act; 
Will H. Morton, comic songs; Harrigan, Hart, and Billy Gray in 
sketch of "The Bradys," with Dave Braham as leader of the or- 
chestra; Lotta in "Nan the Good for Nothing;" Tom Porter in 
comic songs, S. B. Mills, pianist; the farce of "The Rough Dia- 
mond," with Sydney Cowell as Margery and Ed. Lamb as Cousin 
Joe. Next came a pantomime, "Robert Macaire," Jas. F. Mafflitt 
as Robert, W. H. Bartholomew as Bertrand, and the other char- 
acters by the Olympic Theatre company. After this "A Regular 
Fix was done, with this cast : 



1877] 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



85 



Hugh de Brass 
Surplus . . 
Mrs. Carter . 
Abel Quick . 



. E. A. Sothern 

George Holland 

. Alice Mansfield 

. Ed. L. Marble 



Emily . . . . 
Charles Surplus . 
Matilda Jane 



This was followed by the first act of " Fanchon ' 



Fanchon .... Maggie Mitchell 
Father Barbeaud . . J. H. Stoddart 
Didier Geo. Becks 



Mother Barbeaud 
Landry Barbeaud 
Mother Fadet . 



Mabel Jordan 

. Harry Lacy 

Marie Bingham 



. . Mary Wells 

. . J. W. Collier 

Mrs. T. J. Hind 



The trial scene from " The Merchant of Venice " was given with 
this cast : 



Shylock Edwin Booth 

Salarino W. R. Floyd 

Portia Agnes Booth 

Salanio J. B. Polk 

Nerissa Jeffries Lewis 



Antonio John Gilbert 

Bassanio Chas. Coghlan 

The Duke .... John Parselle 
Gratiano James O'Neill 



The third act of " Monte Cristo " was seen and cast thus : 



Edmond Dantes 
Nortier . ^ . 
Caderousse . . 
Brigadier . . . 



. Chas. Fechter 
. . F. B. Warde 
. Chas. Leclercq 
C. D. Bainbridge 



Albert De MorcefE . B. T. Ringgold 

Villefort W. G. Cogswell 

Carconte Alice Gray 



The balcony scene from " Romeo and Juliet " came next : Juliet, 
Modjeska; Romeo, W. F. Burroughs. Concluding with the farce 
"To Oblige Benson": Trotter Southdown, Harry Beckett; Mr. 
Benson, J. W. Shannon; Mrs. Southdown, EfSe Germon; Mr. 
Meredith, W. A. Eytinge ; Mrs. Benson, Stella Boniface. Lester 
Wallack was director, W. R. Floyd, stage manager, and Theo. 
Moss, treasurer. 

The evening performance commenced with "A Sheep in Wolf's 
Clothing " : 



Master Jasper Carew 
Col. Percy Kirke . 
Kester Chedzoy 
Col. Lord Churchill 



Eben Plympton 
J. W. Shannon 
E. M. Holland 
W. J. Leonard 



Corporal Flintoff . . . D. Vanderen 

Anne Carew Ada Dyas 

Dame Carew .... Mme. Ponisi 
Keziah Effie Germon 



Next came the first act of " Jane Eyre " : 



Jane Eyre Clara Morris 

Prof. Brocklehurst . . J. C. Dunn 
Mrs. Reed .... Jenny Carroll 



Bessie Helen Vincent 

Capt. Whitfield . . . Geo. F. Browne 
John Reed . . . . H. Pearson, Jr. 



Sig. Brignoli followed with a romanza from "Martha;" the 
Kernell Brothers and Watson and Ellis did specialty acts. The 



third act of " Othello ' 



Othello .... John McCuUough 

Cassio Eben Plympton 

Emilia Rose Coghlan 



lago Frank Mayo 

Desdemona .... Maud Granger 



86 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSyS 



First act of " Micawber " was the next attraction : 



WUkins Micawber . . Geo. F. Rowe 
Traddles .... Geo. F. Giddens 
Betsy Trotwood Mrs. Julia Chapman 



Uriah Heap . . 
David Copperfield 
Mrs. Micawber . 



F. F. Mackay 
W. A. Eytinge 
. Mrs. Thorpe 



The dagger scene from "The Wife" was seen: Julien St. Pierre, 
Frederic Robinson; Duke, Eben Plympton. After this was an 
olio, in which Prof. S. Murdoch recited (in costume) Burk's " Have 
at Ye All." 

The tenth annual benefit of the B. P. O. Elks took place Thurs- 
day afternoon, Nov. 15; Frank Girard and Leon J. Vincent were 
stage managers. The programme consisted of Bryant's Min- 
strels; fourth act of "Camille;" Clara Morris as the heroine, 
James O'Neill as Armand; Lotta in the first act of "Musette;" 
Mary Anderson in the potion scene from "Romeo and Juliet." 
"The Toodles " closed the entertainment: 



Toodles . . 
George Acorn 
Farmer Acorn 
Landlord . . 
Mary Acorn . 
Farmer Acorn 



John T. Raymond 
. . Frank Mayo 
. W. H. Bailey 
John McCuUough 
. Lillie Eldridge 
. C.W.Couldock 



Charles Fenton 
First Farmer 
Second Farmer 
Third Farmer 
Mrs. Toodles . 



. G. F. Rowe 
D. H. Harkins 
J. W. Collier 
. J. B. Polk 
Sydney Cowell 



Two performances were given Thanksgiving (Nov. 29) for the bene- 
fit of St. Cecilia church. Janauschek, Rose Eytinge, Rose Coghlan, 
James O'Neill and Emma Waller were among the volunteers. 

John Brougham had a benefit afternoon and night of Jan. 17, 
1878, which netted him ;^9,394.4i; another benefit occurred at 
Wallack's Theatre, (matinee), Feb. 14, which netted ;^884.is. 
These amounts were invested in an annuity for Mr. Brougham, 
from which he received ;^28 per week, and of this sum he paid 
James Ship ^10 weekly, which left only ;^i8 to defray the weekly 
expenses of his household — two persons besides himself. The 
annuity was payable quarterly, and the last quarter he did not 
receive, as he died before it had become due — July i. He had 
been a poor man and in distress for some months prior to his death, 
but these facts he studiously concealed from his friends. It is 
generally thought that the investing of the ;^ 10,000 benefit fund in 
an annuity was an unwise proceeding considering Brougham's age. 
He received only about ;^2,ooo, and the remainder became the 
property of the New York Life Insurance company at his death, 
which occurred June 7, 1880. 

A season of opera commenced Feb. 11, with Eugenie Pappen- 
heim, Chas. Adams, Miss Alexandre Human, Mme. E. Ruders- 
dorff, Adelaide Phillips, Miss E. Grimminger, Miss M. Cooney, 
C.^l<ntsch, A. Blum, H. Wiegand. and the Minzelli Sisters, pre- 
miere danseuses in the company. " Les Huguenots " was the first 
opera sung, Alexandre Human making her New York dgbut in the 



18793 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



87 



r61e of the Queen, and Mme. Rudersdorff (first appearance) as 
Ortrud. "The Jewess," Feb. 15; " Lohengrin " (matinge), Feb. 
16, 27, Pappenheim as Elsa; Feb. 18, " Tannhauser ; " "II Trova- 
tore," Feb. 20, 23, Adelaide Phillips as Azucena; "Der Flie- 
gende Hollander," Feb. 25; "Faust," March i; "Les Huguenots," 
matinde, March 2 ; " Rienzi, " March 4, with Pappenheim as Adrian 
Colonna, Miss Human as Irene, Chas. Adams as Cola Rienzi, A 
Blum as Paolo, H. Wiegand as Steffano, and the season closed 
March 9. 

"The Wife's Appeal " was acted for the first time on any stage, 
April 29. Fred Chippendale, Archie Cowper, H. W. Mitchell, 
Marion Talbot (her debut), Madame Ivan Michels, and Clara Cole 
in the cast. 

Eugenie Pappenheim gave a " farewell " concert May 30. Thomas 
Donaldson took a benefit June 25. J. H. Mapleson commenced 
a season of Italian opera Oct. 16, with "La Somnambula," Cam- 
panini as Elvino, Foli as Conte Rodolfi. Minnie Hauck appeared 
Oct. 18 as Violettain "La Traviata." 

Bizel's "Carmen" was first sung in America Oct. 23, with 
Minnie Hauck in the title r61e. 

Etelka Gerster, the Hungarian prima donna, made her Ameri- 
can debut Nov. 11 as Amina in "La Somnambula;" Nov. 9 "The 
Talisman " was presented, and the season closed Dec. 28. A 
matinee performance, Feb. 21, 1879, was for the benefit of Neil 
Bryant, and the following was the entertainment presented : The 
closet scene from "Hamlet," Master N. S. Wood as Hamlet, 
Harry Colton as the Ghost, Mrs. Louisa Eldridge, the Queen; the 
farce, "To Oblige Benson," with Effie Germon, Kate Bartlett, J. 
W. Shannon, and J. Farland in the cast. The San Francisco 
Minstrels came next, led by Wm. Birch, Charles Backus, and 
George Thatcher; "Her Majesty's Ship Pinafore": Josephine, 
Blanche Corelli; Little Buttercup, Miss Gurney; Hebe, Ida Foy; 
Sir Joseph, J. H. Burnett ; Captain Corcoran, J. H. Peakes ; Ralph 
Rackstraw, Henri Laurent; Dick Deadeye, A. D. Barber. 

A season of opera commenced Feb. 24, with " Lucia di Lam- 
mermoor," Campanini as Edgardo, Etelka Gerster as Lucia. 
"Ruy Bias" was produced March 14. The season terminated 
April 5. 

Max Maretzek reopened the house Sept. 25, for the production 
of his American opera, "Sleepy Hollow," with this cast: 



Katrina . . 
Brom Bones . 
Ichabod Crane 



Miss A. Montague 

. . Chas. Turner 

. W. C. Gardion 



Frau Spuyten . . Mrs. Rice- Knox 
Van Ness H. Fink 



This opera kept the stage until Oct. i, when Bianca Lablanche 
(Blanche Davenport) made her operatic d^but in America, " The 



88 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE tisyg 

Two Peters" was first acted here Oct. 6, and the season 
terminated. 

The season of 1879-80 opened Oct. 20, with "La Traviata" 
Runcio (first appearance) as Alfredo, Galassi as Germont, Monti 
as Medico, and Emilie Ambre (first appearance) as Violetta. 
" Carmen " was produced Oct. 27, with Selina Dolaro as Carmen 
(her first appearance in this city). This lady died in New York, 
Jan. 23, 1889, of consumption. "Fashion," the only play ever 
produced in this country by Mme. Dolaro, was first performed 
Dec. 19, 1887, at the Madison Square Theatre. It was played 
again at Wallack's Theatre, Dec. 28, 1887. In addition to 
being an opera bouffe singer, Mme. Dolaro was an authoress of 
considerable merit, and not only a singer of capacity and culture, 
but she was an effective and instructive actress. 

The annual benefit of the B. P. O. Elks took place Nov. 13, 1879. 
The B. P. O. Elks, whose "benefits" are so often recorded here, 
came into existence in this simple manner. One stormy afternoon 
(early in 1868) a few friends met in the house of one of their num- 
ber, in the Bowery, and spent a pleasant afternoon. Among the 
party were John F. Poole, Thomas Grattan Riggs, George F. 
McDonald, Tony Pastor, Billy Sheppard, and Claude Goldie. 
When they separated they agreed to meet the following Sunday 
afternoon, at the same place. They met, and their number so 
increased with each succeeding meeting that they formed them- 
selves into an organization, and called it the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. On Feb. 16, 1868, the order was formally 
instituted. Among the earliest members were Henry P. O'Neil, 
Hugo O'Neil, Gen. Joseph Pinckney, and Thomas Gayner. It 
was decided that the sessions should be divided into two parts, the 
one business and the other social. The meetings were held Sunday 
evenings. The first presiding officer was Charles Vivian, the 
comic singer, formerly a member of " The Jolly Corks, " of Phila- 
delphia. Feb. 16, 1868, they received a charter from the New 
York Legislature as a corporate society. The order at that time 
held their meetings every Sunday evening at Military Hall, on the 
east side of the Bowery, near Spring Street. Their next place of 
meeting was over Helmbold's drug store, 594 Broadway, where 
they were burned out early in the summer of 1872. The writer 
of this tendered the order the free use of his two parlors in his 
private residence, 718 Broadway, and there the order held its meet- 
ings for some time. Their next rendezvous was Masonic Hall, in 
Thirteenth Street, near Fourth Avenue, and now known as Claren- 
don Hall. From there they went to the hall over Koster & Bial's, 
Twenty-third Street, a few doors west of Sixth Avenue. They 
took possession Sunday, Nov. 2, 1879. Their next move was to 
1,227 Broadway, northeast corner of Twenty-seventh Street, and 



i88o2 ACADEMY OF MUSIC 89 

next to Tuxedo Hall, Fifty-ninth Street and Madison Avenue, 
and in October 1902, to Pabst building, Fifty-eighth Street and 
Eighth Avenue, where they still remain. 

Among the presiding officers of the New York Lodge have been 
Chas. Vivian, Geo. W. Thompson, Geo. J. Green, Henry P. O'Neil, 
Frank Girard, Louis C. Waehner, John J. Tindale, A. C. More- 
land, Michael Malone, John J. Spies, James J. Armstrong, Thomas 
P. Brogan, Henry P. Mulvaney, Edward Leach, and Champe S. 
Andrews. They purchased a large burial plot in Evergreens cem- 
etery, which they dedicated June i, 1879. The Elks' Mutual Benefit 
Association was organized Dec. 29, 187S. The objects of the 
order are the " relief of the sick and needy, and the burial of the 
dead." 

Mme. Marimon, the French prima donna, made her American 
debut in opera at the Academy of Music, Dec. 3, and the operatic 
season closed Dec. 27, with " Faust. " The annual benefit of the 
Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum took place Dec. 11. The enter- 
tainment was under the management of L. J. Vincent, and was 
afternoon and evening. It consisted of the following: For the 
matinee, "Poor Jo," by N. S. Wood and others; J. K. Emmet 
and company, in " Fritz in Ireland ; " " Miss Multon " (third act), 
by Clara Morris; Harrigan and Hart in "The Mulligan Guards' 
Christmas;" the Merritt Bros., Wilkinson Bros. , and Flora Moore; 
"The Strategists," by Clinton Hall's company. The evening's 
entertainment was the farce of "Did You Ever.'" "Richelieu" 
(fourth act), by Edwin Booth and others ; " Camille " (fourth act), 
by Mme. Majeroni; recitation of "Shamus O'Brien," by George 
Clarke ; ballad by Ella Montezo ; balcony scene, " Romeo and Juliet," 
Helen Ottolengui (first appearance in New York), Juliet; Gus- 
tavus Levick, Romeo. Harry Osborne and wife in Irish sketch ; 
the Irish bagpipes by Thos. F. Kerrigan; reel dance by Wm. 
Cronin, concluding with " The Galley Slave " (second act), intro- 
ducing Emily Rigl, Maud Granger, and others. 

P. S. Gilmore's new anthem, "Columbia," was first given here 
(matinee) Dec. 25. Emma Thursby was the soloist; Algernon S. 
Sullivan, orator; Geo. VandenhofE, elocutionist. There was the 
orchestra, composed of Mapleson's Opera company, Koster & 
Bial's, and Gilmore's Bands, together with a powerful chorus, 
Levy, solo cornetist, and others. After an encore Mr. Sullivan 
came forward and suggested that the last verse of "Columbia," — 
"the prayer" — should be sung by the entire audience, and in- 
stantly three thousand persons rose to their feet, and joining with 
the orchestra and chorus, rolled out with magnificent effect the 
stirring strain. The Martha Washington Reception of St. John's 
Guild, for the benefit of the Seaside Nursery occurred Jan. 20, 
1880. The attraction was a historical representation of Benjamin 



90 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSSo 

Franklin at the Court of France, in four tableaux, arranged by 
L. J. Vincent. P. S. Gilmore appeared with his band, and gave 
"Columbia." 

A spring season of Italian opera commenced March i, with 
" Lucia di Lammermoor," Mile. Marie Marimon (first appearance 
in New York in the character) as Lucia. A dramatic and musical 
entertainment, organized by Edwin Booth and directed by Henry 
E. Abbey, took place March 4, in aid of The Herald Irish Relief 
Fund. Ole Bull, Annie Louise Cary, Campanini, Edwin Booth, 
(in third act of " Hamlet," third act of " Othello," and the whole of 
"The Taming of the Shrew ") was the programme. " II Trovatore" 
was given March 22, with Brignoli as Manrico, Mile. Alwina 
Valeria (first appearance in that character in New York) as Leonora. 
" La Forza Del Destino " was sung March 23, with Campanini as 
Don Alvaro (first appearance in that character) ; Mme. Marie Swift 
as Leonora (first appearance). " Dinorah " was given March 24, 
and the season closed April 17, with "Les Huguenots." 

Maurice Grau's French Opera company reappeared May 3, in 
"Mignon," and closed May 28. "La Princesse de Trebizonde" 
was given May 7, for the first time in seven years. A final season 
of eight nights and one matinee commenced May 18, with "La 
Vie Parisienne." "Pomme D'Api " had its first production in 
America May 20, when "Les Chevaliers Du Pince-Nez," with 
Mile. Angele as Fauvette (first time), was also revived. "La 
Camaigo " was given (matinde) May 22 ; " Les Cloches De Corne- 
ville " was sung May 24. M. Capoul took a farewell benefit May 
25, when was presented first act "Le Pr6s Aux Clercs," second act 
"Le Postilion de Lonjumeau" and second and third acts of "Mig- 
non." Constantine Sternberg, Russian pianist, assisted by Gott- 
hold Carlberg's orchestra, made his American debut Oct. 7. 

Mapleson commenced a season of Italian opera Oct. 18, with 
"Lucia di Lammermoor." Ravelli made his debut as Edgar; 
Gerster (first appearance in two years) as Lucia. Oct. 22 " Faust " 
was sung, when Franco Novara made his New York debut as Meph- 
istopheles. "Carmen" was given Oct. 27. "Un Ballo in Mas- 
chera," Nov. 3, with the first appearance of Marie L. Swift in the 
character of Oscar, and the first appearance of Mme. Bianca Mon- 
tesini as Amelia. The season closed Nov. 24, with "Lucia." 

The annual benefit of the Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum took 
place Nov. 16. The matinee performance consisted of Rice's Sur- 
prise Party in "Revels;" "The Mulligan Guard Picnic," byHarri- 
gan and Hart and company; Gilmore's Band; "As You Like 
It," by Wallack's Theatre company; Harry Kennedy, ventrilo- 
quist; violin solo, by Carl Langer; cornet solo, the Bent Bros.; 
the French Twin Sisters in songs and dances, and finished with 
the farce, "Two Gentlemen in a Fix," by W. F. Owen and W. 



I882l| 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



91 



Davidge, Jr. The evening programme was " East Lynne " (fourth 
act), with Annie Ward Tiffany as Mme. Vine ; " Cool as a Cucum- 
ber;" recitation, "Mother and Poet," by Julia Evarts; "Marble 
Heart;" recitation by Harry Edwards; "Macbeth" (sleep walking 
scene), by Julia Evarts; recitation of "Lochinvar," by John J. Car- 
dan ; monologue entertainment by little Allie Dorrington ; humor- 
ous songs by S. A. L. Bentley, and the first act of "Tony O'Dowd," 
by Wm. J. Scanlan and company. 

The house was now rented by Rial & Draper, for "Uncle Tom's 
Cabin," commencing at the matinee, Dec. 25. 

The Shakespeare-Poe Festival was an entertainment given April 
23, 1881, for the benefit of the Poe Memorial Fund. Blanche 
Roosevelt appeared , with song ; recitation of "At Poe's Grave," by 
Willie Winter, was given by Sara S. Rice, of Baltimore; "The 
Wonder," by Wallack's Theatre company; harp solo by Maud 
Morgan ; recitations by Miss N. V. Wickham, Mary F. Thompson, 
and Genevieve Stebbins, and an address by Algernon S. Sullivan. 

Tomaso Salvini reappeared May 9 in "dthello;" May 11, "Mac- 
beth;" May 13, "The Gladiator;" matinee, May 14, "Othello." 
H. Weaver, Ellie Wilton, Marie Prescott, and Harry Crisp 
were members of his company. This house was reopened, Sept. 3, 
by the Kiralfy Bros., with "Michael Strogoff," which had this 
cast: 



The Czar .... Harry Gwynette 

Feofar Geo. Harmon 

Grand Duke F. Munroe 

Ezekiah .... Geo. R. Edeson 

Harry Blunt A. Thomas 

Dr. Massili S. Morton 

Gen. Kissolf . . . H. Montgomery 
Sangarre Ada Neilson 



Michael Strogoff . . . W. Rignold 

Ivan Chas. Chappelle 

Dombroosky . . . . A. H. Denham 

Muravieff -J- Cox 

Telegraph Operator . J. W. Bankson 

Vladimir L. Steele 

High Priest . . . . D. H. Adams 

Nadia Ellie Wilton 

Marfa Mrs. J. L. Carhart 

This was the American d^but of William Rignold and Ada 
Neilson. Mapleson commenced his opera season Oct. 17, with 
"Lohengrin." In the company were Marie Varpot, Alvina 
Valeria, Virginia Ferri, Miles. Salviati, Dotti, Valerga, Ricci, 
Climence Kalas, Mme. Lablache, Mile. Lauri, Minnie Hauck 
(first appearance in three years), Signors Ravelli, Bielette, M. 
Prevost, Runcio, Rinaldini, Campanini, Del Puente, Morini, 
Glassi, Novara, Monti, Moro, Corsini, Costa, and Sig. Arditi, 
conductor. The B. P. O. Elks took a benefit matinde, Nov. 17. 
The opera season closed at the matinee, Dec. 24. 

Sig. Rossi appeared Jan. 17, 1882, in "King Lear." He deliv- 
ered a portion of his lines in English for the first time in New 
York. Jan. 18 he was seen in a new version of "Edmund Kean," 
acted for the first time in New York by him : 



92 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Dssa 



Edmund Kean Rossi A Servant S. Jackson 

H. R. H Leslie Gossin Helen Louise Muldener 

Count Kcefeld ... H. A. Weaver Anna Danby . . . Carrie Turner 

Lord Melville . . Harry Weaver, Jr. Amy .... Constance Hamblin 

Solomon E. A. Eberle Gidsa .... Mrs. H. A. Weaver 

Pistol W. J. Shea The Manager of Drury Lane 

A Constable .... Chas. Kent Theatre . . . . W. V. Ranous 
Peter Patt T. F. Kelly 

A professional matinee was given Jan. 24 of "Edmund Kean;" 
Jan. 25, "King Lear;" Jan. 26, "Othello;" Jan. 27, "Hamlet," 
when he closed his engagement. Rossi was unquestionably a 
great artist. The critics of this city differed as to his Othello. 
Some characterized his performance as brutal, others as a wonder- 
ful performance. Rossi's Hamlet was another great performance. 
For many years James E. Murdoch was considered the best Hamlet 
of the American stage. Edwin Forrest, though perhaps to the 
scholarly critic the greatest who ever played the part, never 
achieved popularity in it anywhere, save at Edinburgh, Scotland. 
In public favor, next to Mr. Murdoch, came Edwin L. Davenport, 
and next, in point of time and far greater in general appreciation, 
was Edwin Booth. Murdoch's Hamlet was a graceful and digni- 
fied •Prince. He was, however, a Hamlet whose scholastic affec- 
tions deprived him of anything like sympathy, and the pedantry of 
Mr. Murdoch's pronunciation did much to lessen the effect of his 
otherwise artistic elocution. It was a cold, courtly and gentle 
Hamlet. 

The Hamlet of Forrest was gentle, but only by contrast with his 
more fiery moods of despair, doubt, hate, love, and anger. That E. 
L. Davenport's Hamlet was a wonderfully clever performance no 
one could deny. It had the grace of Murdoch's Hamlet, many of 
the traditionary beauties of that of Betterton and much of the fire 
of Kean. It was finished in execution. His interview with the 
grave-digger at Ophelia's grave has never been surpassed for easy, 
natural delivery of raillery and satire. Edwin Booth's Hamlet 
was scholastically accurate. The very ideal of the sad Prince was 
realized in his broad brow, bright yet thoughtful eye, his luxurious 
masses of dark hair, and figure of beautiful proportion and grace. 
The whole of his delineation of this character was gemmed with 
radiant beauties. He made the Prince a confiding, tenderly affec- 
tionate, amiable young man, with no strength of will and no par- 
ticular intentions, with all the keen perceptions of a sensitive 
heart, of liberal and refined culture, of noble and courteous 
breeding. 

Henry Irving is one of the worst Hamlets I ever saw. He is 
nothing if not melodramatic. He is awkward, ungainly, and con- 
stantly on the verge of being grotesque. That he is a legitimate 
tragedian, as Americans understand the word, I deny. That he is 



i88aj ACADEMY OF MUSIC 93 

not such a tragedian as Shakespeare would have selected to play 
Hamlet, I affirm. Mr. Irving mutilated the text, rearranged sev- 
eral scenes, utterly and completely changed the order of certain 
passages, omitting lines of inestimable value as depicting the 
almost hysterical condition of the Prince after his first interview 
with the Ghost, and ending the "play scene" with a climax which 
I think would have astonished if not shocked Shakespeare. 

E. S. Willard is another very poor representative of Hamlet. 
His Hamlet was fretful rather than melancholy, choleric rather 
than passionate. E. H. Sothern is among the latest who have 
attempted this wonderful part. With all his training and experi- 
ence as an actor Mr. Sothern cannot yet play Hamlet. 

Mapelson commenced a season of Italian opera March 6, 1882, 
with " Mignon. " Campanini, Del Puente, Frederic, Corsini, 
Monti, Minnie Hauck, Emma Juch, and Mile. Lauri were in the 
company. "Les Huguenots" was rendered March 8; "Fidelio," 
March 10; "Carmen," matinee, March 11; when the subscription 
season terminated, a new term at popular prices commenced, which 
closed April 29, with "Lucia di Lammermoor. " Campanini took 
a farewell May 29, when, in addition to the melodrama of " The 
World," Campanini appeared in gems of Italian opera. There 
were several volunteers, including Eben Plympton and Jeffreys 
Lewis in the balcony scene from "Romeo and Juliet;" Minnie 
Palmer was seen in " My Sweetheart. " A benefit was given (matinee) 
June 10 for the family of George A. Conly, the baritone, who was 
drowned. Among those who appeared were Clara Louise Kellogg 
(her first appearance here in three years), Emma Juch, Emma 
Abbott, Sig. Tagliapietra, John T. Raymond, and Laura Don. 

Mapleson commenced a season of Italian opera Oct. 16, with " I 
Puritani." Laura Zagury made her debut as Elvira. Ravelli acted 
Arturo and Glassi, Ricardo. Sig. Mierzwinski made his debut 
Oct. 18, as Rhadames in "A'ida. " Mile. Philomena Savio made 
her debut in the title rdle of "Lucrezia Borgia;" Oct. 21 "I 
Puritani" was sung; Oct. 23, "Rigoletto;" Oct. 27, "L'Afri- 
caine " (first appearance of Sig. Clodio as Vasco di Gama ; also 
first appearance this season of Paolina Rossini). Nov. i and 
matinee, " Les Huguenots " was given ; Nov. 3, 10, 20, " La Tra- 
viata;" matinee, Nov. 4, 8, "L'Africaine," and Nov. 6, "Lucia 
di Lammermoor," for the first appearance this season of Adelina 
Patti as Lucia, and Nicolini as Edgardo. Gabrielle Boema, mezzo 
soprano, made her first appearance Nov. 8. Patti acted Marguerite, 
in "Faust," Nov. 13. Olga Berghi and Jessie Bartlett made their 
debuts Nov. 18, in "Faust;" "II Barbiere di Seviglia" was sung 
Nov. 24, 27, and Dec. 8. 

Mme. Fursch-Madi made her New York debut Dec. i as Valen- 
tina in "Les Huguenots." Her debut in opera was in 1871, at the 



94 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSSs 

Grand Opera House, Paris, as Marguerite in "Faust." At the 
close of her second season at the Grand Opera, she was chosen by 
Verdi to create the title r61e in " Aida," in the French language. 
The management of the grand opera were afraid to attempt the 
opera, which was originally produced in Cairo, Egypt, and Verdi 
gave the work to the Theatre Royal, Brussels, where Mme. Fursch- 
Madi achieved one of the greatest triumphs of her career. The 
opera was given seventy-two times without interruption. In 1874 
she came to this country and sang in French opera, but sang only 
in New Orleans, La. She reappeared in America at the Metro- 
politan Opera House, this city, in 1894. Her last appearance in 
opera was at the Metropolitan on Feb. 6, as Ortruda in " Lohen- 
grin. " She was married three times, her last husband surviving 
her, together with a grown son and a daughter fourteen years of 
age. She was directress of Mrs. Thurber's American School of 
Opera for two years, but at the end of that time she became in- 
volved in a dispute with the directors of that institution, and 
finally sued them for ;^io,ooo arrears of salary and recovered 
judgment. She was considered one of the greatest of dramatic 
sopranos. William Barry and Hugh Fay, engaged the Academy 
of Music for Thanksgiving Day (Nov. 30) and presented "Irish 
Aristocracy. " 

Adelina Patti appeared (matinde) Dec. 2, in " La Traviata. " Dec. 
4 " William Tell " was sung ; Dec. 6 " La Traviata," matinee, Dec. 9, 
12; matinee, Dec. 23, Minnie Hauck in the title r61eof "Carmen," 
Galassi as Escamillo. " Dinorah " was acted Dec. 11; "LaSom- 
nambula," Dec. 13; "Ai'da," Dec. 15, Patti as Lucia; matinee, 
Dec. 16, "Lohengrin," Dec. 18, 20, 29; first appearance of Mme. 
Scalchi as Arsace in " Semiramide ; " Dec. 22, " Linda di Cha- 
mounix;" matinee, Dec. 30, " L'Africaine," and the season closed 
(evening) Dec. 30, with " II Trovatore. " Mme. Albani was an- 
nounced to appear at the matinee, Jan. 12, 1883, at the third public 
rehearsal of the New York Symphony Society, but she did not 
arrive from Europe until late that evening. She, however, sang 
the following evening. 

Minnie Hauck was born in this city, Nov. 16, 1853, and made 
her debut at twelve years of age, in concert in New Orleans, La. 
She first sang in opera in this city, at the Union League Club 
Theatre. The French government conferred upon her the title 
and insignia of Officier de 1' Academic (March 4, 1887), in rec- 
ognition of her distinguished services for French musical art 
abroad. This refers principally to her interpretation of " Carmen," 
"Manon," "Mignon," and other French operas in a number of 
European and American capitals. She is the first American artist 
upon whom this distinction has been conferred. Tomaso Salvini 
reappeared Feb. 19, 28 and matinee, Feb. 24, in "Othello;" Feb. 



1883: 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



95 



21, 26, and matinee, March 3, "King Lear;" Feb. 23, March 2, 
"The Gladiator." He was supported by Marie Prescott, Lewis 
Morrison, and an English speaking company. 

Mapleson commenced an opera season March 12, 1883, with 
Adelina Patti, Fursch-Madi, Paolina Rossini, Mme. Dotti, Sofia 
Scalchi, Galassi, Valerga, Mme. Albani, Signors Ravelli, Clodio, 
Bieletto, Frapolli, Rinaldini, Nicolini, Ciampeiellaj, Caravatti, 
Galassi, Monti, Ronconi, Corsini, Costa, and Durat. " Faust " was 
sung March 12; "Linda di Chamounix," March 14; "Lucia di 
Lammermoor," March 16; "Semiramide," March 19; "Rigo- 
letto," March 26; "La Favorita," March 28; "L'Africaine," 
March 30; "Semiramide," matinee, March 31; "Flying Dutch- 
man," April 2. Third act of " II Trovatore," first scene " Norma," 
second act "Dinorah," was the programme, for the benefit of the 
Washington and Lee University; "Semiramide," April 4; "Don 
Giovanni," April 5, with Patti as Zerlina, her first and only ap- 
pearance in the character; "Martha," matinee, April 7; "L'fitoile 
du Nord," April 9; "Lohengrin," April 11, Albini as Elsa, her 
first appearance in that character; April 13, "L'fitoile du Nord," 
and the season closed (matinee) April 14, with "Faust." A bene- 
fit was given to Mapleson, April 23, with Paolina Rossini in the 
title r61e of " Aida. " Albani was born in Montreal, and her par- 
ents were Canadian-French. Her name is Lajeunesse, She spent 
her early youth in Albany, N. Y. , from which city she took her 
name of Albani. A novel entertainment was given here June 26, 
consisting of "Romeo and Juliet," together with selections from 
Berlioz's dramatic smyphony of the same title. It was a so-called 
private performance, and was arranged by Sig. A. Carrano, the 
flute player, who made his first appearance on any stage as Romeo. 
This was the first time this dramatic symphony had ever been 
given in conjunction with the play. There was an orchestra of 
sixty and a full chorus. The cast was : 



Romeo .... Sig. A. Carrano 
Mercutio .... Hamilton Harris 

Benvolio Geo. S. Gray 

Tybalt Harry Weaver 

Peter W. J. Shea 

Juliet Louise Muldener 

Nurse Louisa Eldridge 



Paris Harry Gale 

Capulet .... John Sutherland 

Apothecary L M. Schay 

Page Laura Rose 

Friar H. A. Weaver 

Balthazar W. D. Stone 

Lady Capulet . Mrs. H. A. Weaver 



Mapleson commenced a season of Italian opera Oct. 22, with 
Adelina Patti, Eugenie Pappenheim, Raphela Pattini (first ap- 
pearance), Emilia Viannetti (first appearance). Mile. Dotti, Jose- 
phine Yorke (first appearance), Mme. Lablache, Valerga, Etelka 
Gerster, Signors Bettini, Perugini, Rinaldini, Nicolini, Vasselli, 
Sivori, Bellati, Del Puente, Galassi, Cherubini, Caracciolo, Monti', 
Griffanti, De Vaschetti, and Lombardelli. Mile. Brambilla was 



96 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisss 

premiere danseuse. " La Somnambula " was given Oct. 22, with 
Gerster as Amina. Gerster was in particularly good voice that 
night, and when she began to sing the house was absolutely 
silent. In fact, the stillness seemed to increase as she sang, and 
when she got to the higher notes people seemed to have stopped 
breathing. Clear as a bell her voice continued to mount, until 
finally it had struck the high F. It was such a wonderful feat 
that when she stopped the house remained silent. People were 
so overwhelmed that they could not recover in time to applaud. 
While this death-like stillness prevailed a German in the top gal- 
lery, aroused beyond his self-control, shouted out, "Gott in 
Himmel, dot vas der high F!" That brought down the house, 
broke the spell under which we were all enthralled, and a whirl- 
wind of laughter and applause followed. With her face wreathed 
in smiles Gerster ran off the stage. 

That was not the climax, however, for, enthusiasm being now 
let loose, the entire audience arose and shouted and insisted upon 
the singer's return. She came back, flushed with triumph, and 
began to sing again. Again her voice mounted up as high as it 
had before, and this time the suspense was even greater, because 
it seemed impossible that she could accomplish such a wonderful 
performance twice in the same night ; but she was in magnificent 
voice and never faltered once. In fact, the second trial resulted 
in a greater triumph than the first; and the second high F was 
clearer, fuller, and more beautiful than the other. 

Etelka Gerster now lives secluded from the world in a castle 
situated on the summit of a mountain near the city of Bologna. 
There she passes her days in superintending the education of her 
children, in reading and in needlework. Her voice is said to have 
lost none of its brilliant qualities, but the precarious condition of 
her health prevents her from even thinking of ever appearing again 
in public. 

" Rigoletto " was sung Oct. 24. Mme. Eugenie Pappenheim re- 
appeared Oct. 26 in "Norma," with Sig. Falletti, a newcomer, as 
Pollione. Mme. G. Tiozzo made her first appearance here Oct. 31 
as Azucena in "II Trovatore." Oct. 2 Mile. Pattini, Josephine 
Yorke, and Sig. Sivori were debutants, in "Faust," with Giovanni 
Perugini (Chatterton) in the title r61e. Patti made her first ap- 
pearance this season Oct. g. Ovide Muzin, violinist, made his 
debut here Oct. 17 at a symphony concert. Mme. Giglio 
Nordica made her debut here Oct. 26 as Marguerite in "Faust." 
Her right name was Lillian Norton. She went to Paris, France, 
and made her ddbut at the Opera House, that city, June 24, 1884, as 
Marguerite. She was married to Frederick A. Gower, a Providence, 
R. I., journalist, who went abroad for the Bell Telephone company. 
It is said that he lost his life by a balloon ascension in France. 



1885] ACADEMY OF MUSIC 97 

An amateur performance of " lolanthe " took place March 29 by 
the Ladies' Dramatic Union. The proceeds were for the erection 
of a home for chronic invalids. Minnie Seligman appeared as 
lolanthe. Mapleson began another season April 14 with " Linda 
di Chamounix," Vicini as Carlo, Galassi as Antonio, Cherubini as 
Prefetti, Caracciolo as Marchese, and Adelina Patti as Linda, 
Arditi was conductor. "Elisir d'Amore," with Gerster as Adina, 
was sung April 16; " Romeo e Giulietta," April 18, Nicolini as 
Romeo and Patti as Giulietta. "Lucia di Lammermoor," matinee, 
April 19. The season closed with the matinee, April 26, when 
Gerster sang Marguerite in " Faust. " A second performance of 
"lolanthe," by the amateurs, was given May 8 for the benefit of 
the Sheltering Arms. 

The season of 1884-85 was opened Nov. 10 by Mapleson, with 
Adelina Patti, Ida Ricetti, Dotti, Maria Calvelli, Emma Nevada, 
Emma Steinbach, Laruggia, Mme. Lablache, Scalchi, Signors Car- 
dinali, Bassetti, Bieletto, Vicini, Emile Engel, Rinaldini, Nicolini, 
De Anna Vaselli, Pruetti, De Pasqualis, Cherubini, Nazzaro 
Manni, De Vaschetti, and Caracciolo. Arditi was conductor; 
Malvina Cavallazzi and Guiseppina Baretta, premieres danseuses. 
Mile. Steinbach made her debut Nov. 17 as Violetta in "La Tra- 
viata. " The Thalia Theatre company appeared Nov. 18 in "Boc- 
caccio," for the benefit of the Kindergarten of the Hebrew Free 
Schools. The Astor Place colored tragedy company gave 
"Damon and Pythias" Nov. 20. 

Emma Nevada made her American debut Nov. 24 as Amina in 
"La Somnambula." The Actors' Dramatic Fund took a benefit 
matinee Dec. 4, and the attraction was Joseph Jefferson and com- 
pany in "Lend Me Five Shillings," Henry Irving, Ellen Terry, 
and the London Lyceum company in the fourth act of " The Mer- 
chant of Venice," Fanny Davenport and company in "Fedora," and 
Henry E. Dixey and company in "Adonis." A benefit was given 
Dec. 18 to A. J. Murphy, the superintendent of the house, when 
an operatic concert was presented. Clara Louise Kellogg (her 
first appearance here in six years) and members of the Mapleson 
opera troupe, appeared. Patti closed her engagement Dec. 19 as 
Annetta in "Crispino e la Comare." In March, 1885, this house 
was leased by William Austin, and opened, with cheap prices, on 
March 23. In the evening the Corinne Opera company (without 
Corinne) sang "The Mascot." The balance of the week the troupe 
appeared afternoon and evening. Mayor Grace felt compelled to 
interfere with Mr. Austin's plans so far as to refuse Corinne per- 
mission to sing in the opera proper, while allowing her to appear 
between the acts. His season closed April 9. 

Mapleson gave six extra performances, beginning April 20 with 
"Semiramide," Patti in the title rdle; April 21, "La Som- 

VOL. II. — 7 



98 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Z1BS5 



nambulaj" April 22, "Der Freischutz;" April 23, "Mirella," 
final appearance of Adelina Patti ; April 24, " La Figlia del Reg- 
gimento," Emma Nevada's last appearance here; matinde, April 
25, "Lucia." Martha Morton's travesty on "May Blossom "was 
given May 4 by amateurs, for the benefit of the Montefiore Home 
for chronic invalids. 

Edwin Booth and Madame Ristori appeared May 7 in " Macbeth " : 



Lady Macbeth 
Macduff . . 
Duncan . . 
Gentiewoman 
First Witch . 
Second Witch 
Third Witch 
Lennox . . 



. . . Ristori 
. Edmund Tearle 
Harry A. Langdon 
. . Kate Clinton 
. . Frank Little 
. Marion Clifton 
. Fanny Gillette 
Geo. GriflSth 



Macbeth Edwin Booth 

Banquo Walter Kelly 

Drunken Porter . . Edwin Cleary 

Malcolm Ivan Shirley 

Donalbain . . . Katherine Linyard 
Fleance . . . Master Chas. Thropp 

Rosse Chas. A. Norris 

Seyton J. B. Kaye 



Mecca Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, the largest secret 
organization in America, took a benefit June 15 ; the following was 
the programme : 

"Captain Mishler," with Gus Williams in title r61e; recitation, 
"The Wreck of the Hesperus," by Robert Mantell; piano solo by 
Henrietta Markstein; Gus Phillips in German eccentricities. 
Frank E. McNish in " Silence and Fun ; " recitation, Little 
Bertie Boswell, only three and a half years of age; "The Old 
Kentucky Home" (one act), with Frank Weston, EfBe Ellsler, 
and her company; recitation, Frank Mayo; song, Vernona Jarbeau; 
Henry T. Bryant, in scene of ventriloquism; George S. Knight, 
in " Dutch reminiscences ; " recitation, Harriet Webb ; tumbleroni- 
con and zither by D. W. Robertson and H. J. Schmalixl The 
receipts were $3,789. 50. ' 

James W. Collier was tendered a benefit afternoon and evening 
of June 24, and the following was the programme: afternoon, "A 
Conjugal Lesson," by John T. Raymond and Ida Vernon; Bar- 
tholdi Grand March, Solomon, orchestra conducted by the com- 
poser; Lillian Russell in song, "The Silver Line;" Charles T. 
Ellis in a selection of songs, assisted by Baby Blanche, followed 
by scenes from the fifth act of "Richard III.," N. C. Goodwin, Jr., 
Richard ; John A. Mackay as Richmond ; the trio, " Read the An- 
swer in the Stars," Digby Bell, Mathilde Cottrelly, and De Wolf 
Hopper; orchestra conducted by Sig. De Novellis; Lillian Con- 
way in musical morceaux. The performance concluded with a 
scene from "Adonis," introducing Henry E. Dixey. In the even- 
ing Maggie Mitchell appeared in " Fanchon ; " J. H. Stoddart in 
"The Long Strike;" the fourth act of "Richelieu," by Thomas 
W. Keene and company. During the summer many alterations 
were made in the house. 



1886;] 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



99 



. . Sig. Ravelli 

. . Del Puente 

. . Mile. Dotti 

Mile. Bauermeister 

Minnie Hauck 



II Dancairo Caracciolo 

II Remendado Rinaldini 

Zuniga De Vaschetti 

Mercedes .... Mme. Lablache 



The opera season was opened by Colonel Mapleson, Nov. 2, with 
" Carmen, " cast thus : 

Don Jose 
Escamillo 
Michaela 
Paquita . 
Carmen . 

This was Minnie Hauck's first appearance in three years. Felia 
Litvinoff made her American debut Nov. 6 as Leonora in "II 
Trovatore." Mile. Alma Fohrstrom first appeared on the Ameri- 
can stage Nov. 9 in the title r61e of "Lucia di Lammermoor." 
The season closed matinee of Nov. 28 with "Faust." Leonore 
Gordon Hussey, an amateur, appeared Dec. 10 in "Leah." 

An Italian operatic entertainment was given Dec. 19 by Mme. 
Murio-Celli and several of her pupils, with the assistance of 
Mapleson's principal artists. Sig. Salvini and his company ap- 
peared Dec. 21 in "The Gladiator." The performance was to 
benefit the New York Exchange for Women's Work. J. H. 
Mapleson's benefit took place Dec. 23, when Jules Massenet's 
opera, " Manon, " was given for the first time in America. 

The American Opera company under the conductorship of Theo. 
Thomas, commenced Jan. 4, 1886, with the first performance in 
America of "The Taming of the Shrew." In it Pauline I'Alle- 
mand made her American debut, and Kate Bensberg her operatic 
debut. This opera was repeated Jan. 6, and matinee, Jan. 9. 
Gluck's " Orpheus and Eurydice " was sung Jan. 8, for the first 
time in its entirety since 1863. It was repeated Jan. 18. "Lohen- 
grin " was sung Jan. 20 for the first time in English, when Wil- 
liam Candidus made his debut in opera; Myron Whitney appeared 
for the first time with this company. Emma Juch joined the 
organization as Elsa; Helen Hastreiter made her first appearance 
as Ortrud, Alonzo Stoddard (first appearance) as Telramund, and 
E. J. O'Mahony as the Herald. "The Magic Flute" was sung 
Jan. 27. "The Merry Wives of Windsor," Feb. 10-12. 

" Lakme " was sung for the first time in America March i, with 
this cast: 



Rose . . . 
Mrs. Benson 
Malika . . 
Hadji . . 



Helen Dudley Campbell 

. . . . May Fielding 

Jessie Bartlett Davis 

. . . W. H. Fessenden 



Lakme .... Pauline I'Allemand 
Nilakantha .... A. E. Stoddard 

Gerald W. Candidus 

Frederick W. H. Lee 

Ellen Charlotte Walker 

"The Flying Dutchman " was heard March 17, with William Lud- 
wig as the Dutchman. Whitney Mockridge also made his d6but 
as Eric. The different operas given by the American Opera com- 
pany, and the number of times each was performed, are as follows : 
"The Taming of the Shrew," five times; "The Magic Flute," 



lOO A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D885 



five; "Marriage of Jeannette," and "Sylvia," five each; "The 
Flying Dutchman," seven; "The Merry Wives of Windsor," 
nine; "Lohengrin," ten; "Lakme," eleven; and "Orpheus and 
Eurydice," thirteen. 

John A. Mackay took a benefit afternoon of April 22, when H. 
E. Dixey appeared with the beneficiary in a travesty, by Sydney 
Rosenfeld, of the dagger scene in "Macbeth." Others who ap- 
peared were, Marie Aimee and her company, R. C. Hilliard, Frank 
Lincoln, Mae St. John, Francis Wilson, Tony Hart, Courtice 
Pounds, Rosina Yokes, Victoria Schilling, George Thome, and 
Elsie Cameron. 

The Booth-Salvini company appeared April 26 in " Othello " : 



Othello Tomaso Salvini 

lago Edwin Booth 

Emilia .... Mrs. D. P. Bowers 
Desdemona . . Marie Wainwright 
Brabantio . . . . C. W. Couldock 
The Doge of Venice . . Barton Hill 
Cassio Alexander Salvini 



Montano John A. Lane 

Roderigo G. W. Wilson 

Lodovico James Wallis 

Gratiano Alfred Hearn 

Paulo E. E. Delamater 

A Herald Stuart Clarke 

A Messenger .... Royal Roche 



Salvini's Othello showed the softness of the dove at one time, and 
the savagery of the tiger at the other. In its rage it was animal 
and African, and in its calm it was manly and human. The tragedy 
was given at somewhat greater length than usual here. Othello 
struck Desdemona in the face with the letter scroll, and the kill- 
ing of that lady was done first by smothering, and finished with 
the dagger. 

" Othello " thus cast was a performance which must be recorded 
as one of the greatest dramatic events of the age. Edwin Booth 
was " incapacitated " while acting lago. May 5. 

A musical and dramatic matinee was given May 6 in aid of the 
Bartholdi Fund to erect the Statue of Liberty. Among the volun- 
teers were Mrs. James Brown-Potter, Marie Wainwright, A. Sal- 
vini, Mme. Fursch-Madi, Louis James, Helen Dauvray, and Fanny 
Davenport. The latter lady sang the Marseillaise with the French 
choral societies. 

"The Sultan of Zanzibar" was presented May 8 for the first 
time on any stage in French, by Chevalier De Kontski : Mme. 
Isadore Martinez, Mile. Ida Covani, Mr. Richard, M. Vicarino, P. 
Cleck, and H. Rykers in the dast. A " season " of Italian opera 
under the direction of Sig. Angelo opened Oct. 18 with "lone," 
an old opera by Petrilla. In the cast were Sig. Giannini, Mme. 
Mestres, Blanche Montaldo, Pogliano,and Sig. Pinto, basso. Nov. 
I " Un Ballo in Maschera " was sung by the same company. Nov. 
S the season closed prematurely. "Rigoletto" had been an- 
nounced for that night. It was not sung, nor was "La Juive" 
given Nov. 3 as billed. Business had been bad from the start, 



1887] 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



lOI 



and there was a quarrel between Angelo and Julia Valda, the 
backers of the venture. Adelina Patti appeared in concert Nov. 
18. Sig. Guille, a new tenor, was among those who assisted her. 
At the second concert, afternoon of Nov. 20, Patti sang the jewel 
song from " Faust. " 

A charity entertainment was given afternoon and evening, Feb. 
17, 1887, in aid of a fund for the new La Salle Institute of the 
Christian Brothers. On the afternoon of April 21 William Dav- 
idge took a " testimonial benefit " to celebrate his fiftieth year of 
constant service upon the stage, — thirty-seven years in America 
and thirteen years in Great Britain and Ireland. The following 
was the programme: Dockstader's Minstrels; Screen scene from 
"The School for Scandal," John Gilbert as Sir Peter Teazle, Kyrle 
Bellew as Charles Surface, Herbert Kelcey as Joseph Surface, 
Annie Robe as Lady Teazle; Mme. Janauschek and company in 
the death scene of "Meg Merrilies," with this cast: 

Dirk Hattrick . 



Meg Merrilies .... Janauschek 
Dandie Dinmont . . Geo. D. Chaplin 
Henry Bertram . . Alex. H. Stuart 
Colonel Guy Mannering James Garden 
Diiminie Sampson . . E. A. Eberle 
Bailie Bearcliff . . . . T. Beverly 
Gilbert Glosson .... Giles Shine 



Beverly W. Turner 

Jacob Tabos M. Brewer 

Gabriel Louis Bresn 

Julia Mannering . . . Marston Leigh 
Lucy Bertram . . . Lavinia Shannon 
Mrs. McCandlish . . Kate Fletcher 
Flora .... Josephine C. Bailey 

After this came one scene from " The Love Chase " : 



Sir William Fondlove 

Charles Wheatleigh 

Wildrake E. H. Sothem 

Waller Frank Rodney 

Trueworth . . . Joseph E. Whiting 
Humphries .... Henry Clayton 



Lash Claude Brooke 

Servant W. Pembroke 

Widow Green Ida Vernon 

Lydia Adeline Stanhope 

Phoebe Percy Haswell 

Constance .... Helen Dauvray 



Next came second act of " Saints and Sinners " : 



Letty Fletcher 
Jacob Fletcher 
Capt. Eustace . 



Marie Burroughs 

. J. H. Stoddart 

Robert Hilliard 



Ralph Kingsmill 
Jack Raddles . 
Leeson . . . 



. . L. F. Massen 

Henry J. HoUiday 

. H. S. Millward 



Mr. Davidge then addressed the audience and was followed by 
the second act of "The Golden Giant": 



Alexander Fairfax . McKee Rankin I 
Jack Mason . . . Robert Hilliard 
Bixby Charles Stanley | 



Bessie Fairfax . Mrs. McKee Rankin 
Ethel Gray Daisy Dorr 



Then Loie Fuller and Carrie Coote gave vocal selections, and 
the performance concluded with the farce of "The Wandering 
Minstrel": ^ 



Jim Baggs . . 
Mr. Crincum . 
Herbert Carol . 
Mr. Tweedle . 



William Davidge 
Henry Holliday 
. Henry Hallam 

. C. P. Flockton 



Mrs. Crincum . . Mrs. E. G. Phillips 

Julia Vernona Jarbeau 

Peggy Marie Greenwald 



I02 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D887 



The Academy property was sold to W. B. Dinsmore April 27, 
1887, for ^300,000. It was put up at the Real Estate exchange 
and knocked down to Director Dinsmore, subject to a mortgage 
of 1^195,000, because nobody else would make a bid. At that time 
Mr. Dinsmore stated that he bought the property on the impulse 
of the moment as an investment. It comprised about ten lots in 
the very heart of the city. A few weeks afterwards W. P. 
Douglas bought the property, paying ;^32S,cxdo for it. The deed 
was recorded in the Registrar's Office Aug. 31. The property was 
sold subject to a mortgage to secure the payment of ^195,000 to 
the executors of John Schenck. Mr. Douglas, by a mortgage re- 
corded Aug. 30 borrowed ^300,000 from the Connecticut Mutual 
Life Insurance company, to enable him to buy the property. 

This house was first opened as a combination theatre — that is, 
it was rented to travelling companies for two or more weeks at a 
time — Sept. 19 with the "Tank" play, "A Dark Secret," which 
had this cast : 



James Norton .... Harry Ashton 

Stephen Hudson Liston 

Nat Chas. Cumraings 

Arthur Loates .... Geo. Backus 



Nelly . . 
Cecil Rayner 
May Joyce . 
Emilia . . 



. Virginia Nelson 
. Clarence Heritage 
. Dora Goldthwaite 
Gabrielle du Sauld 



Eugene Tompkins and Ed. G. Gilmore commenced as managers 
of this house Nov. 28. The spectacle of " The Arabian Nights " 
opened Dec. 5 for two weeks. Week of Dec. 19 the theatre was 
closed, but reopened Dec. 26 with the Booth-Barrett company in 
"Julius Caesar." Most of the orchestra seats sold for ;^2.so, a 
few for $2, and all the balcony back of the first two rows for 
;^i. 50. The cast was : 



Brutus . . . 

Decius . . . 

Casca . . . 
Metellus Cimber 

Trebonius . . 

Cinna . . . 

Calphurnia . . 



. Edwin Booth 
Charles Collins 

. B. G. Rogers 

L. J. Henderson 
Chas. B. Hanford 

. Edwin Royle 
Elizabeth Robbins 



Cassius . . . 
Julius Caesar . 
Octavius CcEsar 
Popilius Lena . 
Titanius . . . 
Portia . . . 



Lawrence Barrett 
. John A. Lane 

Lawrence Hanley 

Frederic Vroom 

. J. L. Finney 

Minna K. Gale 



March 19 Bamay, the German tragedian, appeared as King Lear 
with this cast : 



Koenig von Frankreich Carl Mueller 
Herzog von Burgund Alexis Schoenlank 
Herzog von Cornwall Heinrich Zilzer 
Herzog von Albanien . . Julius Metz 
Graf von Gloster . . Reinhold Bojok 
Graf von Kent . . . Gustav Kober 
Koenig Lear .... Herr Barnay 
Edgar Arthur Meyer 



Edmund . 
Curan 
Der Narr 
Oswald . 
Goneril . 
Regan . 
Cordelia . 



Hugo Ranzenberg 
. . . M. Hoppe 
. . Moritz Moritz 
. Hermann Haack 
. Antonie Ziegler 
Auguste Burmester 
Hermine Reichenbach 



.i^ugcu niuiui ivieyer 

Barnay's Lear lacked grandeur of conception and dignity of 
mien. It was neither picturesque nor pathetic. It did not 



tBas2 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



103 



touch the heart, neither did it fill the imagination or satisfy the 
intellect. March 21, 22, an act each of "Richard III.," "Wil- 
liam Tell," and "Julius Caesar" were given; March 23 and 24, 
"Uriel Acosta;" matinee, March 24, "Othello." This closed 
Barnay's engagement at this house, also with Conreid & Herr- 
mann, his managers, and " Julius Cassar " was played during the 
engagement of two weeks. The pantomime of " Mazulm, or the 
Night Owl," Jan. 9, 1888: 

Mazulm A. H. Denham 

Spirits of Purity . . Hattie Grinnell 

Clown T. S. Dare 

Harlequin . . ... Albert Martinetti 



Policeman Wm. Eunice 

Pantaloon . . . W. H. Bartholomew 
Columbine Louise Allen 



Ludwig Barnay, the German actor, was announced to make his 
debut March 12, under the management of Conreid & Herrmann. 
But the audience was so small that it was dismissed by the man- 
agement. The slim attendance was owing to the memorable bliz- 
zard — a snowstorm long to be remembered. Very few of the 
theatres were able to open their doors, as the streets were almost 
impassable. The following night there was another small sized 
house, occasioned by the storm, but March 15 Barnay appeared in 
"Kean," a play made familiar by him during his first American 
engagement at the Thalia, in 1883. The cast of "Kean" was as 
follows : 



George, Prinz von Wales 

Hugo Ranzenberg 
Graf von Coefeld . Hermann Haack 
Graefin Helena . . Antonie Ziegler 
Graefin Amy von Goswill 

Auguste Burmester 
Lady Sarah Brighton, Eugenie Schmitz 



Sir Arthur Neville Alexis Schoenlank 
Anna Danby . Hermine Reichenbach 
Edmund Kean . . Ludwig Barnay 
Lord Melvill .... Arthur Meyer 
Darius ...... Moritz Moritz 

Salomon Gustav Kober 

Pistol Lili Petri 



On March 16 and 17 he appeared in "Othello," with this cast: 



Der Doge von Venedig, Heinrich Zilzer 
Desdemona . Hermine Reichenbach 
Brabantio .... Reinhold Bojok 

Gratiano Julius Metz 

Lodovico . . . Alexis Schoenlank 
Othello Ludwig Barnay 



Cassio Hugo Ranzenberg 

Yago Gustav Kober 

Roderigo Arthur Meyer 

Montana .... Hernlann Haack 
Emilia Antonie Ziegler 



This was his first performance of the character in this country. 
Barnay was wonderfully picturesque and romantic — a little too 
much in color — the negro rather than the Moor, perhaps, but a 
stalwart and impressive Moor. 

Tony Hart had a benefit here matin6e of March 15, when the 
following programme was offered : Overture by an enlarged volun- 
teer band of fifty pieces, comprising members of the orchestras 
of the Fourteenth Street Theatre, the People's Theatre, and the 



I04 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D888 

Grand Opera House by the courtesy of their respective leaders, 
under the direction of Wm. Lloyd Bowron of the Fourteenth 
Street Theatre; Ferguson and Mack in their specialties; Frank 
Mayo and company in the first act of " The Royal Guard ; " cast : 
D'Artagnan, a Gascon adventurer, Frank Mayo; Captain de Tre- 
ville, Ralph Howard ; Athos, Wm. Harcourt ; Porthos, D. Hanchett; 
Aramis, Robert Neil; Count Rochefort, a spy of Richelieu's, E. 
Parish; Brissac, Captain of Richelieu's Guard, L. Johnstone; 
Mons. Bonacieux of the Lion d'Or, D. Rivers; Jaques, J. Lori- 
mer; Perrott, T. H. Conly; Lady de Winter, Alice Fischer; 
Constance, Frances Graham; Nannette, Gladys Graves; peas- 
ants, guards, etc. Charles Reed, comic recitation; Arthur L. 
Oswald, aria, " Lend Me Your Aid ; " Marshall P. Wilder, origi- 
nal sketch (accompanied by Morris Phillips); W. J. Scanlan and 
company in the second act of "Shane-na-Lawn;" cast: Shane-na- 
Lawn, with songs, W. J. Scanlan ; John Power, C. H. Thompson ; 
Gerald Power, George W. Deyo; Harry Redmond, Charles Dade; 
Mat Kerwin, W. R. Ogden; Ronald, Thaddeus Shine; Buckley, 
C. R. Webster; Agent Dillon, Albert Morrell; Rose Redmond, 
Kate Blancke; Peggy O'Moore, Kitty O'Shea; Mrs. Powers, 
Millie Sackett; Marie Jansen, ballad; Harry Edwards, recitation, 
"A Manager's Story " (E. Collier); Warning and assassination 
scenes of "Julius Caesar;" cast: Julius Csesar, Charles Kent; 
Brutus, Wm. H. Crane; Marc Antony, N. C. Goodwin, Jr.; 
Cassius, Stuart Robson; Decius, Henry Bergman; Flavins, 
Francis Wilson; Soothsayer, J. B. Mason; Casca, Frank Mayo; 
Trebonius, Osmund Tearle; Metellus, Steele Mackaye; Popillius, 
Robert E. Hilliard; Calphurnia, Selina Fetter; senators, priests, 
lictors, guards, citizens, etc., by prominent professional people, 
assisted by the supernumerary forces from "Paul Kauvar; " Dave 
Reed, end man and bone soloist, assisted by Eugenie Reed, and 
Mrs. Dave Reed in "Hydrophobia, or a Dish of Reed Birds;" 
Mabel Stillman, whistling; Clarence Worrall, cornet solo; John 
and Edna Vidocq, in "Rehearsal." Stage director, Henry Flohr. 
Satin programmes were sold by Mrs. G. W. Floyd and Mrs. 
Louise Eldridge, who realized ^200 in this way. The total re- 
ceipts of the benefit were about ^10,500. An auction sale of seats 
for the benefit took place March 8, at the Madison Square Theatre. 
N. C. Goodwin, Jr., was the auctioneer. He was playing an en- 
gagement in Philadelphia that week, but came on to attend the sale, 
and returned in time for the evening show. 

Daniel E. Bandmann began an engagement March 26, for one 
week, in " Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. " The National Opera com- 
pany was heard April 2 in "Nero;" April 3, Goldmark's "Queen 
of Sheba," with Chas. O. Bassett as Assad, Mme. Pierson as Sula- 
mith. Miss Fabris as Astaroth, and Mrs. Poole as the Queen. 



18883 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



105 



The rest of the cast included Messrs. Vetta, Stoddard, and Merton ; 
April 4 "Tannhauser" was sung, for the first time in this city in 
English; April $, "Faust," with Barton McGuckin, the tenor, 
in the title r61e, Amande Fabris as Margherita, Vetta as Meph- 
istopheles, and Stoddard as Valentine; April 6, "The Flying 
Dutchman." 

Campanini began a short season April 16 with Verdi's opera, 
"Otello," originally produced at La Scala, Milan, one year pre- 
viously. Here it had this cast: 



Roderigo Barberis 

Montano Maina 

Desdemona (first appearance) 

Signora Tertrazzini 
Emilia Signora Scalchi 



Otello (first appearance in America) 

Marconi 
Cassio (first appearance in America) 

De Comis 

lago Galassi 

Lodovico Bologna 

Marconi, the new tenor, was a failure, and did not sing after 
April 18. Campanini appeared as Otello April 20. The season 
closed disastrously matinee, April 28, with "Otello," and it is 
doubtful if a worse business was ever done at this house with 
Italian opera. Marconi, of whom so much was expected, disap- 
pointed every one. No opera that has ever been produced on this 
side of the Atlantic had received such an amount of gratuitous 
advertising as "Otello." Yet, even at the first performance here, 
the opera was a complete and melancholy failure. 

The Howard Athenaeum Specialty company came for one week, 
commencing April 30. 

"The Mystery of a Hansom Cab " was acted for the first time in 
New York city. May 7. It was originally produced in this country 
at the Amphion Theatre, Brooklyn. The cast here was : 



Mark Fretelby 
Brian Fitzgerald 
Roger Moreland 
Kilsip . . . 
Gorby . . . 
Oliver Whyte . 
Felix RoUeston 
Mr. Calton 
Dr. Chinston . 
Inspector of Police 
Cabman No. 1,104 
Policeman X No. 43 



Frank C. Bangs 

Wm. Morris 

W. S. Harkins 

. Henry Lee 

E. D. Lyons 

Wm. Lee 

Herbert Ay ling 

Edmund Grace 

Henry Vernon 

John Swinburn 

Jos. Mitchell 

Wm. Johnson 



Ben Morgan . . , 

Servant 

Newsboy . . . . 
Madge Fretelby . . 
Mother Guttersnipe , 
Mrs. Sampson . , 
Mrs. Felix RoUeston, 
Rosanna Moore, Sal 

Mrs. Morgan . . . 
Eliza 



. . . Littleton 

. Mr. Sylvester 

Chas. Delacker 

Bijou Heron 

. Marion Bond 

. Carrie Jamison 

Florence Windram 

Rawlins 

Helen Bancroft 
. Sallie Hinston 
. . Carrie Allen 



Frank Mayo played here one week in "The Streets of New 
York," opening May 14. Week of May 21 the house was closed. 
Sunday night. May 27, a benefit for the New York Press Club 
building fund took place. 

Louis James and Marie Wainwright, with their travelling com- 
pany, began a week's engagement May 28 in "Virginius": 



Io6 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSqo 



Virginius Louis James Titus E. Y. Backus 

Appius Claudius . . • Wm. Harris Marcus ^^"7 Leighton 

Caius Claudius . . . Erroll Dunbar First Soldier A. Clemens 

Dentatus .... H. A. Langdon Servia Kate Meek 

Icilius F. C. Mosley Female Slave .... Aurelia Samer 

Numitorius . . . Edward N. Ho3ft Virginia .... Marie Wainwright 

Lucius Willis Granger 

"Othello" and "Ingomar" were also played during the week. 
John L. Sullivan, the pugilist, took a "benefit" June 4. The 
house reopened Aug. 30, with Eugene Tompkins and E. G. Gil- 
more as managers, and with Denman Thompson as the star, in 
"The Old Homestead," which had this cast: 



Joshua Whitcomb 
Frank Hopkins 
John Freeman 
Rickety Ann . 
Annie Hopkins 
Cy. Prime . . 



Den Thompson 

Chauncy Olcott 

Frank Thompson 

Annie Thompson 

Venie Thompson 

. Geo. A. Beane 



Happy Jack Walter Gale 

Eb. Ganzey .... J. L. Morgan 
Aunt Matilda .... Louisa Morse 
Nellie Freeman . . . Lillian Stone 
Maggie .... Minnie Luckstone 



A benefit for the German Press Club took place Sunday night, 
Oct. 28. Mme. Herbert -Foerster, Max Alvary, Bertha Ricci, 
Helen Von Doenhoff, Emil Fischer, Isabelle Urquhart, Alice 
Maydue, Conrad Ansorge, Max Bendix, Gus Williams, Richard 
Pitrot, and a number of German singing societies gave their ser- 
vices. Dockstader's Minstrels were heard in white face Sunday 
evening, Dec. 30. Jas. Blamphin, the harpist, and Jules Levy, 
cornetist, also appeared. A testimonial benefit was tendered 
May 26, 1889, to the family of the late Hon. Michael Norton, 
when a host of voluntary artists appeared, including Charles 
O. Bassett, Maud Powell, Georgine Von Januschowsky, Conrad 
Ansorge, Blanche Walsh, Alice J. Shaw, and others. The affair 
was given under the auspices of Mayor Hugh J. Grant and other 
city officials. The amount raised by the testimonial was about 
^20,000. "The Old Homestead" terminated its first run Saturday 
evening, June i, 1889, when the house closed for one week, and 
reopened June 10 with Bartholomew's Equine Paradox. Their 
stay was very brief, and the house closed until Thursday evening, 
Sept. 25, when Mr. Thompson commenced another season of "The 
Old Homestead." The season closed May 10, 1890. James C. Duff's 
opera company appeared here May 12 in " Pinafore " : Sir Joseph 
Porter, Digby Bell; Captain Corcoran, W. H. Clarke; Ralph Rack- 
straw, Chauncey Olcott ; Dick Deadeye, Frank Pearson ; Boatswain, 
W. H. MacLaughlin; Josephine, Gertrude Sears; Hebe, Katie Gil- 
bert; Little Buttercup, Laura Joyce Bell. "The Mikado" was 
sung June 2 : Digby Bell, Ko Ko ; Chauncey Olcott, Nanki Pooh; 
Laura Joyce Bell, Katisha; Yum Yum, Gertrude Sears; and Pooh 
Bah, William MacLaughlin ; Jos. C. Fay, Leona Clarke. 

The next dramatic season opened Aug. 23 with the following 



iSgi] 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



107 



English specialty company: The Montague troupe of acrobats, 
Stebb and Trepp, Rodo Leo Rapoli, equilibrist; Dan Emerson, 
vocalist; the Hulines, the Waterbury Family, the Hanlon Volters 
(not the original Hanlon Bros.), the Paul Martinetti pantomime 
company. The gymnastic act of Zampillaerostation was done by 
the Hanlon Volters, and the afterpiece was "A Terrible Night." 
All of the specialty acts had been performed, and when the Hanlon 
Volters had about finished their gymnastic act, while William was 
doing the "giant swing" on a single trapeze suspended from the 
dome of the theatre, one of the wire cables supporting the bar 
broke, and he fell head foremost to the parquet, striking one of 
the ropes holding the net, thus breaking his fall. He was taken 
to the New York Hospital, where he remained for several days. 
He reappeared Sept. 6, but took no part in the performance other 
than to bow his acknowledgments to the audience. 

The B. P. O. Elks had a benefit afternoon Sept. 4, when the 
McCaull Opera company appeared in "The Seven Suabians." 
"The Nuptial Chimes" came next. Others on the bill were the 
Hanlon Volters, Selma Koert-Kronold, Carl Streitmann, and Gil- 
bert Sarony. William Hanlon reappeared Sept. 25 in his trapeze 
act. This company closed Oct. 2. Den Thompson returned Oct. 
6 in "The Old Homestead." Edward Gilmore and Eugene Tomp- 
kins purchased Nilsson Hall in East Fifteenth Street, adjoining 
the Academy for ^78,000. "The Old Homestead" was revived 
Oct. 6 and closed Jan. 10, 1891. "Joshua Whitcomb " was pro- 
duced Jan. 12 for two weeks. "The Old Homestead" was revived 
Jan. 26 and continued until April 25. The house was closed 
week of April 27, except May 2, when the "Mask and Wig 
Club," of the University of Pennsylvania, appeared in the bur- 
lesque of "Miss Columbia" for the first time in this city. 

"Home, Sweet Home," a rural play, was acted May 4, 1891, for 
the first time on any stage. In the company were Robert Fischer, 
George A. Beane, Louis R. Grissel, John R. Maner, Sidney Drew, 
Mason Mitchell, John Morgan, Louisa Morse, Louise Sylvester, 
Hattie Harvey, and Kate Chester. The theatre was closed May 9 
and reopened Aug. 26 with "The Shaughraun," by amateurs. The 
next season began Sept. 3, 1891, with "The Soudan," which had 
this cast : 



Captain Temple . . . Louis James 
Matthew Hawker . . S. E. Springer 
Paul de Vigne .... Frank Losee 
Stephen Mardyke . Stanislaus Stange 
Rev. Arthur Lul worth 

Lawrence Eddinger 
Horatio Spofkins . . Dan Collyer 
Joe Lambkins .... Harry Hawk 
Father Donini . . Russell Hunting 



Nellie Temple 
Cora Gray . . 
Maggie Wilkins 
Mrs. Lambkins 
Mrs. Lulworth 
Mrs. Buton 
Frank . 
Dick . . 



. . Emma Vaders 

Eleanor Moretti 

. Kate Oesterle 

. Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Jeannie Harold 

. . . . Marie Bellville 

. . Master Jack Ferris 

Master Wallie Eddinger 



lo8 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1893 



This closed Nov. 21, 1891. "Cinderella" was presented Nov. 24 
and closed Dec. 26. On Dec. 29 " A Country Circus " was pre- 
sented. In the company were Nat. D. Jones, Mrs. Eugene A. 
Eberle, Chas. B. Hawkins, Frank A. Tannehill, Jr., Henry 
Lynn, Lottie Alter, Mrs. W. A. Sands, Lon Morris, and James 
A. Heme (stage director). There was a ring on the stage with 
reflecting mirrors. The circus performers were the Meers Sisters, 
Katie HoUoway, Wm. Conrad and dogs, Thos. S. Dare, Leon 
Morris and ponies, the Glinserettis and George Kline. The 
"Country Circus" closed March 26, 1892. 

Adele Sandrock, announced as the German Bernhardt, made her 
American debut March 28, 1892, in "Eva," supported by a Ger- 
man company from the Thalia Theatre. " Marie Stuart " was 
given April 8 with Marianne Bedocovies in the title r61e. Sand- 
rock was to have acted that r61e, but at the last moment refused, 
stating that she had not sufficient time to study it. "Sophie 
Dorothea " was seen April 12 for the first time in America. 
Sandrock acted April 15 in "Die Hochzeit von Valeni." The 
house was closed week of April 18. Mme. Siseretta Jones, an- 
nounced as the Black Patti (who first appeared in New York, 
April 26 at the Madison Square Garden), sang here April 30 and 
May I. The burlesque "Blue Eyed Susan," by Sims and Pettit 
was done May 2 with a cast made up of amateurs. The Hi Henry 
burlesque company came May 9 in " Our Vassar Girls. " Princess 
Dolgorouky, solo violinist, made her American debut May 28. 
William Muldoon gave a boxing exhibition June 4. 

The next season began Sept. 5, 1892, with "The Black Crook," 
and this cast : Count Wolfenstein, Geo. K. Robinson ; Rudolphe, 
Nestor Lennon ; Von Puffengruntz, W. H. Bartholomew; Hertzog, 
S. E. Springer; Greppo, Sam Collins; Dragonfin, James Marba; 
Zamiel, Russell Hunting; Stalacta, Elise Gray; Amina, Gertrude 
Wood ; Dame Barbara, Mrs. Selden Irwin ; Carline, Sadie Mac- 
Donald. In the ballet were Zole Tornaghi, Sig. Nicola Guerra, 
Amalia Maveroffer, and Marie Rizzi, their first appearance in 
America. The four French quadrille dancers from Paris made 
their American debut in the dance known as "The Split." The 
French equilibrist Kins-Ners made his American debut Sept. 10. 
Sig. Biancifiore, male dancer, and Elena Salmorraghi, premiere 
danseuse, first appeared March 24. 

Mrs. Louisa Eldridge had a benefit afternoon, April 6, 1893. 
Rose Pompon, French eccentric dancer, made her American 
debut April 10. " The Black Crook " closed May 20, after three 
hundred and six consecutive performances. The Columbia College 
boys gave "Ivanhoe" May 26, 1893. Dr. Carver appeared here 
July 4 in "The Scout," and suddenly closed July 22. The house 
reopened Aug. 14 with " The Black Crook " Bartoletti, premiere 



1895] 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



109 



danseuse, made her American d6but. Leonella Staccione reap- 
peared, and Sig. Salvaggi, male dancer, made his American d6but, 
Aug. 21. "The Black Crook" closed Sept. 23. The Academy was 
dark until Oct. 23, 1893, when it was opened with "In Old Ken- 
tucky," which had this cast: Frank Layson, Wm. Courtleigh; 
Col. Sandusky Doolittle, Burt G. Clarke; Joe Lorey, George W. 
Deyo; Brutus, Scott Williams; Madge Brierly, Bettina Gerard; 
Alathea Layson, Ethel Graybrooke. This drama ran until March 
12, 1894, when "The Girl I Left Behind Me" was presented. It 
was by David Belasco and Franklyn Fyles. The next season opened 
August 30 with " Shenandoah. " " The Cotton King " was acted 
for the first time in America Dec. 3, and the cast was : 



Jack . . 
Shillinglaw 
Stockley 
Fonseca . 
Ponder . 



Eben Plympton 

. Dominick Murray 

. Cuyler Hastings 

Edward R. Mawson 

. . . Edward See 



Tupper Dan Collyer 

Hetty May Wheeler 

Mrs. Drayson . . . Mrs. Selden Irwin 
Kittie .... Amelia Summerville 
Elsie Bijou Fernandez 



There was a benefit performance here and at the Grand Opera 
House afternoon of Jan. 17, 1895, for the relief of the families 
of the firemen who lost their lives on Dec. 29. "Rory of the 
Hills" was first played here Jan. 28, 1895, and had this cast: 



Squireen Darley . . . Jos. A. Wilkes 
Barry L'Estrange . Emmet Corrigan 
Lawyer McSlime . . . Harry Hawk 
The Mask .... Henry E. Walton 
Con Cregan, a Madman J. F. Wheelock 
Corney IDelaney .... Ben Lodge 
The Hon. Percy WagstafE 

Richard Ganthony 
Mr. Decourcy ... T. C. Hamilton 



Adolphus . . 
Mike Dooley . 
Norry Cavanagh 
Decourcy . . 
Grace Darley . 
Esmond . . . 
Widow Kilduff 
Widow O'Mally 
Rory O'Mally . 



Emmet Devoy 
Harry Scarborough 
. Patsy Brannigan 
. T. C. Hamilton 
. Nellie Braggins 
. . Kate Lester 
. May Thompson 
Mrs. Chas. Peters 
. James C. Roach 



"Rory of the Hills" closed April 6, 1895. The house reopened 
April IS with Prof. Alex Herrmann, the magician, for a fortnight. 
" The Fatal Card " was presented April 29 and ran until June i, 
when the house closed, and reopened Aug. 29 with the first produc- 
tion in America of "The Sporting Duchess," called in England 
"The Derby Winner," by Augustus Harris, Cecil Raleigh, and 
Henry Hamilton. The drama had this cast : 



Douglas E, J. RatclifFe 

Harold Roy Richardson 

Donnelly Alfred Fisher 

Mostyn Francis Carlyle 

Lord Chisholm . . W. D. Harbury 

Bagot Francis Neilson 

Guy Beamish .... Rhynas Jones 

Rupert William Harcourt 

Cyprian Streatfield . . R. A. Roberts 



Joe Alymer . . . 
Maria . . . . 
Muriel . . . . 
Mrs. Donnelly 
Annette Donnelly 
May Aylmer 
Vivian Darville . 
Frances Collonby 



. J. H. Stoddart 
. . Agnes Booth 
. . Cora Tanner 
Agnes Proctor 
. . Jessie Busley 
Margaret Robinson 
. . Alice Fischer 
. . Louise MuUer 



no A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D896 

J. H. Stoddart was the recipient of a loving cup Jan. 30, 1896, after 
the close of the performance of " The Sporting Duchess. " The 
cup was presented to him by the management of the play and the 
members of the company, and commemorated the sixty-third anni- 
versary of Mr. Stoddart's debut on the stage. The presentation 
speech was made by A. M. Palmer, to which Mr. Stoddart re- 
sponded. Mrs. Agnes Booth Schoeffel also presented him with a 
silver pitcher, a gift from Joseph Jefferson. In consequence of 
the illness of Cora Tanner Feb. 12, 1896, Agnes Booth acted 
Muriel, and Agnes Proctor appeared as Maria. This play con- 
tinued until Feb. 29. 

Grand Opera was once more heard in the Academy on March 2, 
1896. Mr. Damrosch's company began their season with " Fidelio," 
when Katharina Klafsky sang Leonora, and Gruening and Popovici 
were received with enthusiasm. " Lohertgrin " was sung March 
5: Lohengrin, Wilhelm Gruening; Elsa, Milka Ternina; Ortrud, 
Katharina Klafsky; King Henry, Emil Fischer; Telramund, 
Demeter Popovici; Herald, Wilhelm Mertens. Frau Klafsky 
sang Ortrud as, perhaps, no one has ever sung it here before. 
What a magnificent voice hers was, to be sure! What a volume, 
what richness, beauty, and splendor of tone ! " The Scarlet Letter," 
composed by Walter Damrosch, was sung March 6 for the first 
time with this cast: 



Hester Prynn . . . Johanna Gadski 
Arthur Dimmesdale . Baron Berthold 
Governor Bellingham Conrad Behrens 



Rev. John Wilson . Gerard Stehman 
Roger Chillingworth . . W. Mertens 
Jailer Julius von Putlitz 



"Siegfried" was sung matinee, March 7, introducing Max Alvary; 
" Tannhauser, " March 9; "Die Walkiire," March 11, with Katha- 
rina Klafsky as Brunhilde ; matinee, March 12, "Fidelio": Frau- 
lein Terulma as Leonora, Gruening as Florestan, Fischer as 
Rocco, Herr Popovici as Pizarro, and Behrens, the Minister; 
"Die Meistersinger " was sung March 13 with this cast: Hans 
Sachs, Emil Fischer; Veit Pogner, Conrad Behrens; Eva, Jo- 
hanna Gadski; Magdalene, Marie Maurer. "Tristan and Isolde" 
was heard matinee, March 14; "Lohengrin," March 16; "Sieg- 
fried," March 17; "Tannhauser," March 18; "Der Freischiitz, " 
March 20: Agatha, Johanna Gadski; Anna, Augusta Vollmar; 
Prince Ottokar, Wilhelm Mertens; Samiel, Julius von Putlitz; 
Hermit, Conrad Behrens. " Gotteidammerung " was heard matinee, 
March 21, and night, March 25; "Die Walkure," March 23; 
"Tristan and Isolde," March 27, and the season closed matinee, 
March 28, with "Die Meistersinger," 

" Cuba Free " was a play by James Arthur MacKnight, acted 
(March 26) for one night only. « Humanity " .was played March 
30: Bevis Cranbourne, Joseph Grismer; Felix Cranbourne, John 



iSgej 



ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



III 



S. Hale; Lady Cranbourne, Mary Davenport; Vera Cranbourne, 
Belle Bucklin; Fordyce Dangerfield, Hardee Kirkland; Baby 
Bembrose, Arthur Livingston; Matthew Penn, E. R. Mawson; 
Lesbia, Ramie Austin; Keziah, Julia Batchelder; Manassas, Dore 
Davidson; Alma Dunbar, Phoebe Davis. This was followed by 
"After Dark": Old Tom, Wm. A. Brady; Medhurst, Ross O'Neal; 
Chumley, E. R. Mawson ; Dicey Morris, Dore Davidson ; Belling- 
ham, Hardee Kirkland; Peter Small, Sadie Price; Eliza, Marie 
Rene ; Rose, Helen Robertson. " Trilby " was seen here May 9, 
and the house closed to reopen matinee and night of May 30, when 
" The Rivals " was acted by the same company that played it a few 
nights previously at the Herald Square Theatre. 

The house was opened for the season Aug. 20, 1896, with the 
first performance of Clay Greene's "Under the Polar Star," which 
had this cast : 

Rodman Charles Kent Doctor Bacon .... Neil Warner 

Harry Carleton . . Francis Carlyle O'Regan Felix Haney 

William Brandon . . Cuyler Hastings Helen Blaine - . Grace Henderson 

Achille Rabon . . Leo Dietrichstein Mrs. Carleton . . . Mary Davenport 

Washington Post . . . Theo Babcock Flora Heath . . . Bijou Fernandez 

Alexy W. H. Thompson 

There was a benefit afternoon of Oct. 8 for the Edwin Forrest 
Lodge, Actors' Order of Friendship. The performance began 
about noon and continued until nearly nightfall. Prominent 
among those who appeared were Joseph Jefferson as Mr. Go- 
lightly, in "Lend Me Five Shillings," Wm. H. Crane and Stuart 
Robson in the "quarrel scene" from "Julius Caesar," Francis 
Wilson in an act of "Half a King," and Georgia Cayvan, in a 
scene from "Mary Pennington, Spinster." 

J. H. Mapleson began a season of Italian opera Oct. 26 with 
"Aida": Rhadames, Sig. Durot; Amonasro, Sig. de Anna; 
Ramfis, Sig. Pinto; the King, Sig. Dado; Amneris, Mme. Parsi; 
Sacerdotessa, Mile, du Bedat; Aida, Mme. Bonaplata-Bau. With 
the exception of one member of the cast, Sig. de Anna, there was 
not a singer upon the stage who was known to New York. " La 
Traviata " was announced for Oct. 28, but owing to the illness of 
Sig. Randaccio there was a change of bill, and " Aida " was again 
performed; also Oct. 30, the cast being the same at each perform- 
ance. "II Trovatore" was given matinee, Oct. 31. Mme. Bona- 
plata was announced for Leonora, but Mme. Dotti took her place. 
Mme. Scalchi was the Azucena; "The Huguenots" was sung Nov. 
4; Sig. de Marchi sang Raoul in "The Huguenots," Mile. Pergozzi- 
Albini, Margherita de Valois. 

"La Somnambula" was sung Nov. 6: Elvino, Sig. Betti; Conte 
Rodolfo, Sig. Dado; Alessio, Sig. Borelli; Un Notaro, Sig. Oli- 
ver! ; Lisa, Mme. du Bedat ; Theresa, Mme. Meysenheym ; Amina, 



112 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1897 



Mme. Huguet. This was the first appearance here of Mile. HugueL 
" Aida" was sung matinee, Nov. 7. The prices were reduced Nov. 
9 from $4 to $s. " Faust " was heard Nov. 9 with Susan Strong 
as Margherita and Sig. Randaccio as Faust. This was Miss 
Strong's first appearance, and also the American debut of Randac- 
cio; "La Somnambula" was heard Nov. ii, with Huguet as Amina; 
Nov. 13, for the first time in America "Andrea Chenier " was sung, 
libretto by Luigi Illica and music by Umberto Giordano. The 
opera had this cast: 



Andrea Chenier 
Carlo Gerard . 
Maddalena . . 



. . . . Sig. Durot 

. . . Sig. Ughetto 

Mme. Bonaplata-Bau 



La Mulatta Bersi . Mme. Meysenheym 
La Contessa di Coigny . . Mme. Parsi 



" Faust " was sung matinee, Nov. 14; "Andrea Chenier," Nov. 16- 
18; "Lucia di Lammermoor," matinee, Nov. 21; "Lohengrin," 
Nov. 20; the season closed Saturday night Nov. 21 with "II Tro- 
vatore." The matinde drew a large audience and in the evening 
the house was filled at the low prices which Mapleson tried as an 
experiment. 

Nov. 23, 1896, was given, for the first time in this city, "Two 
Little Vagrants," adapted from the French of Pierre Decourcelle's 
" Les Deux Gosses," by Charles Klein. It had this cast: 



George d'Armont 
Robert d'Albert 
St. Henri 
Le Renard 
Mulct . 
Fadart . 
Brisquet . 
Dr. Vernier 
Humbert 



Edward J. Ratcliffe 

Thomas Kingston 

. . Giles Shine 

Dore Davidson 

George Fawcett 

Eugene Sanger 

Edward Morgan 

Thaddeus Shine 

William Farnum 



Goguelin Thomas Story 

Sexton .... Henry T. Harrison 

Helen Annie Irish 

Fan-fan Jessie Busley 

Claude Minnie Dupree 

Carmen Frances Gaunt 

Zephyrine Alice Fischer 

Sister Simplice . . . Mabel Eaton 
Marraine Goguelin . Lizzie Rochelle 



On the afternoon of Dec. 17 there was an entertainment for the 
fund for the endowment of free hospital beds for members of the 
National Guard. An act of "A Milk White Flag," one of "My 
Friend from India," and a scene from "Two Little Vagrants," were 
given. Music was contributed by Bayne's Sixty-Ninth regiment 
band. Werner and Rieder, Williams and Walker, Donnelly and 
Girard, and Lew Dockstader furnished specialties. Miss Marget 
and Fred M. Marston sang, and Rose Coghlan, supported by W. 
H. Crompton and Bijou Fernandez, presented "Nance Oldfield." 
The house was closed Monday night, Jan. 25, 1897, and reopened 
Jan. 26 with the first performance in America of " Straight from 
the Heart," by Sutton Vane and Arthur Shirley. The play had 
this cast: ^ •' 



18983 



THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC 



113 



David Walton . . 
Captain Nugent . 
Ventry Fox . . 
Frazer Fry - . . 
Louis Raymond • 
Hawkshaw Dixon 



George Paxton 
Charles A. Smiley 
. W. A. Whitecar 
Edward L. Walton 
. . Charles Kent 
. . . Bert Coote 



Gloster Samuel Edwards 

De Lorme . . . . De Witt Jennings 

Harold }• • • • Blanche Walsh 
Lalotte Bijou Fernandez 



"In Old Kentucky" revived Feb. 22. "At Piney Ridge," pre- 
viously seen at the American Theatre, came March 29; "The 
Heart of Maryland," April 5; " Brian Boru," April 12; James Cor- 
bett, the pugilist, April 19, in "A Naval Cadet;" "The Sporting 
Duchess," April 26, and the season closed May i. It reopened 
August 26, 1897, with the spectacular play, "Nature," by William 
Deverna and James Schonberg, for the first time on any stage. It 
had this cast : 



John Hampton 
Schultz . . . 
HughBassett . 
King Rap . . 



. Edwin W. Ho£E 

Joseph Cawthorne 

Lloyd M. Bingham 

. Frederick Clifton 



Nature Amelia Bingham 

Psyche Elaine Gryce 

Katrina Merri Osborne 



William Deverna died in this city two weeks before the play was 
produced. The production was a failure, and was followed Oct. 
II by James Corbett in "A Naval Cadet." Denman Thompson 
came Oct. 18 in "The Old Homestead." 

Nov. 22 "The White Heather," by Cecil Raleigh and Henry 
Hamilton, was given, for the first time in America. It had this 
cast: 



Lady Jane Rose Coghlan 

Marion Amelia Bingham 

Mollie Fanshaw .... Olive May 
Hermonie de Vaux . Madeline Bouton 
Blanche Rossiter . . . Alice Arnold 

Donald Gray Scott 

Mrs. Andrews .... Annie Adams 
Angus Cameron . . Francis Carlyle 



Edgar Trefusis . 
Alec Maclintock . 
James Hume . . 
Dewar Gay . . 
Duke of Shetland 
Jackson 



. Robert Cotton 

Miller Kent 

Harry Harwood 

Lewis Baker 

Frank Burbeck 

P. A. Nannery 



Craven Douglas Lloyd 

Hudson E. Y. Backus 



"The White Heather " ran until April 30, 1898. "Shenandoah" 
returned here May 17 and continued until June 11. 

The next season began August 15, 1898, with Denman Thomp- 
son in "The Old Homestead," which ran until Sept. 26, when 
"Sporting Life," by Cecil Raleigh and Seymour Hicks was seen 
for the first time in America, and with this cast : 



Reginald Molyneux . Charles Walcot 

Braybourne . . . Beresford Webb 

Dudley Stanhope . . H. G. Lonsdale 

Isidore Frank Burbeck 

Dan Doxey . . . . R. A. Roberts 

Pilgrim R. Baton Gibbs 



Joe Lee William Bonelli 

Malet de Carteret . . Frazer Coulter 

Jordan Fred Strong 

Olive Elita Proctor Otis 

Earl of Woodstock . Robert Hilliard 



Hilliard withdrew from the cast after Oct. 16, but reappeared Nov 
21. During his absence William Courtleigh acted the Earl of 

VOL. II. — 8 



114 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cigoi 



Woodstock. Andrew Mack appeared Jan. i6, 1899, in "The 
Ragged Earl," by Joseph Humphrey, for the first time in this 
city. The drama had this cast : 



Gerald Fitzgerald . . Andrew Mack 

Patrick W. J. Mason 

Larry James Vincent 

Maurice Thomas Jackson 

Father Barry . . . John C. Fenton 
Henry Hardcastle . Henry Herman 



Ralph Forester . . . Edwin Brandt 
Lord Wildbrook . . B. T. Ringgold 
Mrs. Fitzmaurice . . . Minnie Monk 
Kathleen Fitzmaurice, Josephine Lovett 
Una Fitzmaurice, Georgia Florence Olp 
Sarah McHugh . Annie Ward Tiffany 



"Her Atonement," a war melodrama, was produced by Anson 
Pond Feb. 13, and had this cast: 



Martha West . 
Mrs. Morton . 
Nora . . . 
Little Rose 
Mrs. Moriarty 
Colonel Swift . 
Charles Le Roy 



. . . Annie Irish 
Kate Denin Wilson 
Nora Dunblane 
Ricca Scott 
. Ethel Bland 
. Louis Aldrich 
Richard Bennett 



James Morton 
Louis Preterre 
James Doolittle . 
Patrick Mulligan . 
Johnny Springfield 
Mr. Phillips . . 
Henry Wright 



. . Orrin Johnson 

. Frederick Perry 
Thomas McGrath 

. . Henry Dixey 

. . Jessie Busley 

. . John F. Cook 

. . Harry Rose 



Den Thompson came once more, March 27, with " The Old Home- 
stead." On May 8 "King of the Opium Ring" was seen, and the 
season closed June 3. The next season began Aug. 31 with " The Last 
of the Rohans," for the first time in this city. It had this cast: 



Clifford Andrew Mack 

Kerrigan .... B. T. Ringgold 
Neil McNeil .... Edwin Brandt 
Father Bernard . . George W. Deyo 



McCarthy James Vincent 

Kelly .... Thomas E. Jackson 

Shelah Georgia Olp 

Rosie Bantry . . . Jennie Satterlee 



Den Thompson returned Oct. 9 in " The Old Homestead. " " Way 
Down East" was presented Nov. 13 and closed May 10, 1900, 
with the two hundred and sixth performance at this house, which, 
added to a hundred and fifty-five performances at the Manhattan 
Theatre, this city, made three hundred and sixty-one in New York. 
"Woman and Wine" was seen here May 12 and closed June 9. 

The house reopened August 20 with "The Rebel," by James 
B. Fagan: 



Jack Blake . . . 
Squire Bagenall . 
Bagenall . . . 
Captain Armstrong 
Father Teeling . 



. Andrew Mack 

George W. Deyo 

John C. Ince, Jr. 

. Edwin Brandt 

John C. Fenton 



Jimmy Keogh 
Michael . . 
Andy . . 
Lame Shann 
Bridget . . 



Thomas Jackson 
. . Giles Shine 

Ben T. Ringgold 
Charles Walton 
. Clara Knott 



"The Rebel" ran until Sept. 20, and the house was closed Sept. 
22, and reopened Sept. 23 with "Monte Cristo," James O'Neill 
playing Edmund Dantes; Nortier, Fred de Belleville. "Quo 
Vadis" was seen here Dec. 31, with Petronius, Wilton Lackaye; 
Vinicius, Aubrey Boucicault; Nero, Samuel Edwards; and Lygia, 
Bijou Fernandez. "Barbara Frietchie" came Jan. 28, 1901, with 



1857: BUCKLEY'S HALL II5 

Effie Ellsler in the title r61e. "Uncle Tom's Cabin" was pro- 
duced March 4: Uncle Tom, Wilton Lackaye; Phineas Fletcher, 
Odell Williams; Simon Legree, Theo. Roberts; Geo. Harris, 
Wm. Harcourt; Marks, L. R. Stockwell; Eliza, Mabel Amber; 
Topsy, Maud Raymond; Cassie, Emily Rigl; Aunt Ophelia, 
Annie Yeamans; Mrs. St. Clair, Georgie Florence Olp; Eva, 
Alice Evans; Aunt Chloe, Dora Lane. There was a "cake 
walk," introducing Luke Pulley, B. H. Butler, and many others. 
John E. Kellerd commenced as Uncle Tom March 21. Sunday 
night, April 14, a miscellaneous performance was given for the 
benefit of the Actors' Fund. May 6 Frank Hatch commenced as 
Phineas Fletcher. Season closed May 18. 

THE BROADWAY ATHEN^UM 

FIFTY years ago one of the most popular places of amusement 
in New York was the Broadway Athenaeum, situated at 654 
Broadway, between Bleecker and Bond streets, originally the site of 
Astor mansion. It was a hall, fitted with stage and scenery, and 
performances of a light order were given. In August, 1856, Fanny 
Deane commenced a series of " Drawing Room Entertainments. " 
Each night's performance closed with "The Actress of All Work, 
or My Country Cousin. " This lady made her first appearance on 
the stage Dec. 12, 1853, at Wallack's Theatre (Broadway and 
Broome Street), in "The Game of Life." On April 26, 1857, she 
was married to Henry P. Halsey. Her body was found floating 
in New York Bay Sunday afternoon, June 5, 1859. The National 
American Historical Paintings were on exhibition here Dec. 15, 
1856. 

BUCKLEY'S HALL 

DIRECTLY opposite the Metropolitan Hotel and Niblo's Gar- 
den, at 585 Broadway, stood the house made famous by the 
Buckley Serenaders. It was called Buckley's Hall, and was 
opened by Buckley's minstrels Aug. 25, 1856. Negro minstrelsy 
and opera burlesques composed the entertainment. "II Trova- 
tore " was one of the most popular of the many travesties. In it 
George Swaine Buckley acted Man-nigger-o (Manrico). Encour- 
aged by the success which had attended their production of these 
burlesques, they gave them with uncorked faces. The novelty 
attracted for a time, but the absence of the negro dialect and 
"make up" rendered them spiritless; business fell off, and the 
company went on a travelling tour. They returned Jan. 5, 1857. 
The season closed June 27. 



Il6 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D857 



The house was then opened as a regular theatre, June 29, by 
Thaddeus W. Meighan, and called The New Olympic Theatre. 
The first company to appear here included F. S. Chanfrau, also A. 
F. Blake, T. Baker, T. Chandler, Mrs. H. P. Grattan, Mrs. Chas. 
Howard, J. Seymour, Mr. France, Harry Hall, Kate Pennoyer, Kate 
Connor, and Mrs. Stephens. The admission was twenty-five cents; 
orchestra seats, fifty cents. The opening pieces were " Grist to the 
Mill," "The Stage Struck Barber," and "Mother and Child are 
Doing Well." July 6 "Don Caesar de Bazan" was acted, with 
F. S. Chanfrau in the title r61e, and Mrs. Charles Howard as 
Maritana. July 13 Charles Gayler's extravaganza "Olympiana, 
or a Night with Mitchell " was seen for the first time on any stage, 
Mrs. Charles Howard, Kate Pennoyer, Sarah Howell, Harry Hall, 
Thomas B. Johnston, and James Seymour in the cast. July 27 
" Rip Van Winkle " preceded " Olympiana," with Chanfrau as Rip, 
and Seymour as Knickerbocker. "The King of Coney Island" 
was played July 30, when the season closed. Buckleys' Sere- 
naders returned Aug. 1 1 for five nights. The next manager was 
Wm. B. Moore, who commenced Aug. 24 with " Lola Montez, or 
Catching a Governor," which had this cast : 



Michael T. B. Johnston 

KutsofiE Hays 

Galopski Leslie 

Gripenhoff Havelock 

Stiffenbach Edson 

Rathburn Julia TurnbuU 

Mme. Kybosk . . . Miss Weaver 



Mme. Volkerschaulks Mrs. J. R. Scott 

Count Bellamy 

Ryboski Wm. Denham 

Hickwitz McDonald 

Tittlebatz Miss Louise 

Zepherine Miss Stanton 

Lola Montez . . . Mrs. C. Howard 



This was followed by a dance by Mile. Ernestine de Faibre, 
and " P. P. , or Man and the Tiger ; " James Canoll, Fanny France, 
and Mrs. Dixon were in the cast of the farce. After this came a 
dance by Ernestine de Faibre (this lady afterwards married Mr. 
Pougette, and died at Philadelphia, Feb. 24, 1875), and the bill 
concluded with "The Alpine Maid," in which Mr. Vincent, Mrs. 
Charles Howard, Young, and Julia Turnbull appeared. Tony 
Rieff was the musical director. Rose Thorn first appeared as 
Sally Scraggs, in "Sketches in India," Aug. 28. Kate Saxon in 
"Faint Heart Never Won Fair Lady," Sept. 5. Mrs. Charles 
Howard was seen Sept. 9 in "The Devil in Paris," assuming six 
characters. George Lea had now become the lessee of the house. 
Julia Turnbull took a benefit Oct. 2, when Fanny Herring acted 
Fanny Dribbles, in "An Object of Interest," and Julia Turnbull 
the title r61e in " Esmeralda." 

The local musical extravaganza, "King Lager, or Ye Sons of 
Malt," written by Chas. T. P. Ware ("Sylvester Silverquill "), was 
acted for the first time on any stage Oct, 5, and had this cast : 



I857II 



THE NEW OLYMPIC THEATRE 



117 



Shampayne koktayl, Mrs Chas. Howard 
Brandesmasha . Mrs. T. B. Johnston 
Hopsydoodudo . . Mile. Ernestine 



Eggnogg 
Sherriandyce 
Mornin kawl . 
Konyak . . 
Frothiana . . 



Miss de Faibre 

. Miss Hays 

Miss Barnell 

Miss Brindel 

Julia TurnbuU 



Mairfernando 
Sherri koblah. 
Monongahela 
Minjulipa 
Jinni koktayl . 
Absynthe . . 
King Lager 



Geo. Brooks 
Mrs. J. R. Scott 
. Fanny France 
. Miss Wilkinson 
. Ida St. Clair 
Miss Murray 
T. B. Johnston 



There was a line on the bill as follows: "Temptation of ye 
Metropolitan Magician, Mairfernando." Fernando Wood, who was 
at the time mayor of the city, threatened to stop the performance ; 
but nothing of the kind was done. Mrs. Howard sang a parody 
on the scene from "La Favorita," "Oh, Mio Fernando!" This 
was one of the features of the extravaganza, and no one enjoyed 
it more heartily than Mayor Fernando Wood himself, who was 
present at the first performance. Mrs. Charles Howard took her 
benefit Oct. 9 and appeared as Paul in "The Pet of the Petti- 
coats," and in "King Lager." Mrs. Howard closed her engage- 
ment Oct. 12. "The Honeymoon" was acted Oct. 12 when N. 
St. Clair made his first appearance in America as Rolando, and 
Kate Ludlow her d^but as Juliana; Oct. 13 came "The Lady of 
Lyons;" Oct. 14, "The Hunchback" and "King Lager." The 
theatre closed Oct. 15 with "The Rough Diamond," " Day After 
the Wedding," and "Stage Struck Barber." This ended Mr. 
Lea's management. 

After being closed a few nights, the house was reopened by T. 
B. Prendergast, with a minstrel company, Oct. 19. The members 
were: T. B. Prendergast, Herr Stockel, W. W. Snow, R. Mont- 
gomery, H. Wilson, J. H. Budworth, Jas. Carroll, Wash Norton, 
Charley White, L. Donnelly, J. Bulkley, Tom Waddee, J. Wil- 
liams, M. Gallagher, and C. Rentz. This company closed Nov. 
14. The house was reopened Dec. 7 for dramatic performances 
with "All that Glitters is not Gold," "Sketches in India," "A 
Kiss in the Dark," and a dance by Louise Taglioni and Ernestine. 
The company was : Kate Ludlow, Miss Flynn, Mrs. Geo. Jordan, 
Mrs. G. Lingard, Harry Jordan, L. P. Roys, H. McDouall, J. 
Herbert, George Brooks, Harcourt, and Louisa Eldridge; Dec. 
14 Charles M. Walcot began an engagement in " Charles XII. " 
"The Man Without a Head," and "The Day After the Wedding.'" 
The Buckleys returned Dec. 21, producing their burlesque operas 
for a time; but they failed to attract, and old style minstrel per- 
formances were given. George Holland, the well-known come- 
dian, joined the minstrel profession at this time, appearing with 
Wood & Christy's minstrels at Wood's Marble Hall, Broadway 
and Prince Street, on the same night the Buckleys commenced 
their season. Holland published a "card," saying that legitimate 
managers were unable to give him a living salary, and in conse- 



Il8 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D8s9 

quence, he would hereafter be seen in such characters as he had 
been identified with; but, instead of coloring his face with red 
paint, he should blacken it with burnt cork, and hoped his friends 
and the public would appreciate his efforts to please them. R. 
Bishop Buckley published a "card" the following day which said: 
"In consequence of the high tariff put on champagne corks, he 
had been compelled to desert his family and join the Buckley 
Serenaders, and instead of using cork he would soil his face with 
lamp black, it being a much cheaper article, and, like our national 
flag, was warranted never to run. " 

Buckleys closed in January, 1858, and went to >j /|/) Broadway, 
where they appeared Jan. 11. Pierce & Marston's Illuminated 
Panorama of the Arctic Regions was put on exhibition here Jan. 
6, 1858. The Burton Dramatic Association took a benefit May 
26, when " Othello " and " All That Glitters is not Gold " were 
played. The name of this house was changed June 19 to The 
Academy of the Drama when Mr. Fred Widdows became the 
manager, and presented M. Adonis, the magician. June 28 Kate 
Pennoyer took a benefit, when " Who Speaks First > " " Sketches 
in India," and "Richard III., " were played; John R. Scott was 
Richard. The French company occasionally acted here, commenc- 
ing May II. They opened a summer season July 27 and called 
the place The Metropolitan Music Hall. The Ronzani Ballet 
troupe joined the French company. Edgar Trelawney, son of the 
English author, and pupil of Charles Kean, appeared Aug. 31 in 
"The Raven," in costume, and with scenery. The French com- 
pany appeared Sept. 23. Agnes Sutherland and Cecile Rush were 
seen in a miscellaneous entertainment, the latter giving dramatic 
readings. Oct. 18, 1858, a dramatic company alternated with the 
French company, under the management of F. C. Wemyss. Mrs. 
John Sefton, Mr. and Mrs. Mark Smith, Mrs. Duffield (Kate 
Wemyss), Mrs. Archibald, Mrs. John R. Scott, Tom Wemyss, 
Cranshaw, Cunningham, Bruciani, Sol Smith, E. F. Taylor, and 
Briggs were of the company. "Simpson & Co.," "Ladies, Be- 
ware!" and "Box and Cox" were the opening plays. Nov. 12 
Boothroyd Fairclough was seen in " Hamlet. " The afterpiece was 
" The Two Buzzards. " 

On Dec. i Lizzie May, an amateur actress, made her debut as 
Lady Gay in "London Assiirance." T. S. Nims was Meddle, and 
Josephine Sinclair, Grace. Boothroyd Fairclough took a benefit 
Dec. 2, when he played Shylock in "The Merchant of Venice." 
The farce " The Two Queens " followed, with Miss E. Robinson 
as Christine of Sweden, and Millie Corey as Margaret of Denmark. 

In January, 1859, the interior of the house was entirely re- 
modelled, and reopened by Fred Widdows and Sage, with French 
dramatic performances. In March it was leased by Josh Hart, and 



i86i] 



THE PALACE OF MIRRORS 



119 



called the Olympic, but his management lasted only one week, as 
his financial backer lost heart, and Hart lost his backer. Mr. 
Hart introduced Budworth's minstrels, and played "The Widow's 
Victim," acting Jerry Clip himself, and giving imitations of noted 
actors. Hart also gave the delirium scene from "The Drunk- 
ard," appearing as Edward Middleton. 

On March 12 the French company reappeared in "Les Premiers 
Ans de Richelieu." July 11, 1859, Buckleys' Serenaders ap- 
peared. Oct. 12 Mr. and Mrs. Henri Drayton came with their 
parlor operas, " Never Judge by Appearances " and " Diamond Cut 
Diamond." H. L. Bateman presented Sam Cowell in comic draw- 
ing-room concerts, Nov. 28. The French company withdrew Dec. 
17 and Sam Cowell continued. June 4, i860, Edmond Pillett 
took a benefit in "Richelieu." Pillett was the Cardinal; Wm. 
Hamblin, Baradas; and Mrs. Frank Drew, Julie de Mortimer. 
Hooley & Campbell's minstrels began here June 25. S. C. 
Campbell, Eugene, J. C. Reeves, A. J. Talbot, T. J. Peel, L. 
Condit, J. J. Hilliard, J. Unsworth, G. W. H. Griffin, John B. 
Donniker, Melville, A. J. Hobbs, G. V. Larkin, R. M. Hooley, 
Asche, and Louis Zwisler formed the company. Ben Cotton, 
Add Weaver, and Master Barney soon after joined them. Henry 
Wood's minstrels, from their hall, 561-563 Broadway (Wood hav- 
ing sold the building to the bank) appeared here Sept. 8 for a few 
nights only, as they went to 444 Broadway soon afterwards. 

Hooley & Campbell's minstrels were heard here Aug. 13, i860 
R. M. Hooley, S. C. Campbell, G. W. H. Griffin, Billy Birch. 
Unsworth, and Eugene, were in the company. On Oct. 16 this hall 
was opened as The German Theatre by Otto Hoym and E. Har- 
mann, from the Stadt Theatre. After being closed for several 
months the house was reopened Jan. 16, 1861, with "Our Union 
Saved, or Marion's Dream," with this cast: 



President D. J. Maguire 

Herbert A. L. Cooke 

Jacob Jones .... A. Glassford 
Pat'k Morris . . . Robert McWade 
Lady Egerton . . . Mrs. J. R. Scott 



Sir Edward E. S. Wise 

Wm. Canning ... E. L. Mortimer 

Marion Agnes Cameron 

Miss L . . Mrs. A. Glassford 

Kitty Miss A. Hayes 



The old English play, "The Romp," was also acted, for the first 
time in this city in thirty years. Charles Dillon appeared here 
as Belphegor Feb. 11 for one night. Gerald O'Neil, an Irish 

wizard, was seen for a few nights. A French company then 
played until April 15, when the establishment became known as 
The Canterbury Hall. 

Robert Fox and Curran had been managing 663 Broadway but 
being burnt out, they took this place and expended considerable 
money in improvements. It was called The Palace of Mirrors 



I20 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Ci86s 

In the dramatic company were Lionel Goldsmid, Agnes Suther- 
land, J. H. Ogden, and Marietta Ravel. James Dunn, the well 
known actor, was seen here June 24. Hooley & Campbell's min- 
strels appeared all through the summer of 1862 and up to the end 
of November. In the company were Geo. Christy, Billy Arling- 
ton, Wm. Reeves, Cooper, Corwin, Moreland, Dick Sands, Eugene 
Florence, Jules Stratton, W. H. Lewis, Walter Birch, and Billy 
Allen; Professor Napoleon, prestidigitateur, was seen Jan. 14, 
1863. He gave a miscellaneous entertainment, assisted by Hi 
Rumsey, banjoist; Mile. Camille, danseuse; Mile. Napoleon, 
vocalist; Edouville, pantomimist; J. C. Wallace, Irish comedian; 
Leon and John Allen, Ethiopian comedians. 

The name of this house was again changed and it was known 
for a few months as The Broadway Theatre. It was reopened 
Sept. 7, 1863, under the management of Mrs. Emma Robertson 
(Mrs. John Brougham), formerly of Laura Keene's company. 
This lady, to quote her own words, "not being able to secure 
even a bench to work on elsewhere," concluded to take a theatre 
of her own, and opened this house with the following company: 
Stuart Robson, Owen Marlowe, Frank Gossin, F. Florence, C. H. 
Wilson, Mrs. Robinson, Kate Butler, Mary Pritchard, Clara Hil- 
ton, and Sadie Cole. The opening bill was Rodolphino Lacy's 
"Doing for the Best," and T. J. Williams' farce, "Ici on Parle 
Frangais." A second performance was given the following night, 
with such poor success that the house was closed. On the morn- 
ing of the third day a bill was posted in front of the theatre saying 
that owing to the severe indisposition of Mrs. Emma Robertson 
the house would be "closed for a short time." The place was 
leased by Richard M. Hooley, and opened March 9, 1864, by 
George Christy's minstrels, consisting of George Christy, E. 
Bowers, S. S. Purdy, R. Lindley, M. J. A. Keane, T. Simpson, 
J. Turner, J. C. Kempe, T. B. Stevens, D. L. Hargrave, E. Flor- 
ence, B. Thompson, F. Boniface, T. Trogg, W. Randolph, C. 
Hammond, P. Gillen, and T. B. Prendergast. The business be- 
came so very bad that they closed Jan. 4, 1865. 

This unlucky house next got the name of St. Nicholas Hall, 
which was again changed, April 18, to Heller's Salon DlA- 
BOLIQUE, when Robert Heller took possession of it. The 
Wizard's season lasted until May 6, 1865. On May 8, Messrs. 
Billy Birch, Chas. Backus, Wm. H. Bernard, and David Wambold, 
with their company of San Francisco minstrels became lessees, 
and luck visited the house, and it was henceforth known by the 
title of its occupants, San Francisco Minstrels. The company 
consisted of: Billy Birch, Chas. Backus, W. H. Bernard, David 
Wambold, Cooper and Fields, W. S. Mullaly, Richard Sands, E. 
Haslam, Hays, Shattuck, W. H. Rice, J. B. Donniker, Ainsley, 



1873: THE METROPOLITAN THEATRE 121 

Scott, and Templeton. The first season closed July 7, 1866. 
Their second commenced Aug. 12, 1867, and closed June 27, 
1868. Their company was much the same as during the previous 
season, including D. S. Wambold, Charles Backus, William Birch, 
W. H. Bernard, W. H. Rice, Fowler, Templeton, W. P. Grier, 
Williams, and, at intervals afterward. Master George, Bobby 
Newcomb, Lew Brimmer, J. Ackerman, J. H. Hilton, Ainsley 
Scott, and Joe Brown. Their next season commenced Aug. 31, 
1868, with the following company: Birch, Backus, Bernard, 
Wambold, W. H. Rice, Bobby Newcomb, E. Templeton, Ainsley 
Scott, J. B. Donniker, Cooper, and Fields. On Oct. 5 Mr. Harry 
Raynor joined; Dec. 7, Billy Emmett; Jan. 11, Master Jerry, jig 
dancer; and during the season Messrs. Fowler, Corrister, Claren- 
don, Williams, and Jukes also assisted. The season closed Satur- 
day, June 12, 1869. Their next season began Aug. 30, 1869, with 
the following company : Billy Birch, Charley Backus, W. H. Ber- 
nard, D. S. Wambold, John Mulligan, John Queen, Billy Emmett, 
Bobby Newcomb, Frank Kent, W. Richards, W. Blakeny, E. J. 
Hartigan, J. Juch, G. Clarendon, W. D. Corrister, Ainsley Scott, 
Ira Paine, William West, C. F, Shattuck, and J. Oberist. Leg- 
gett and Allen, two clog dancers on pedestals, from Europe, opened 
Sept. 19; Henry Norman, tenor, made his first appearance in 
America Feb. 21, 1870. Mr. Lavallee made his debut, and on 
the same night Rollin Howard and Master Fink, April 1 1. They 
closed May 14, 1870. J, B. Donniker died in Penn Yan, N. Y., 
July 17, 1902, aged sixty-six years. 

George Swaine Buckley began here with his minstrels on July 
II, 1870, for a short season. The Satsuma Japanese company 
made their New York debut at this house in April, 1872. 

Charles T. White was the next manager. He began a season 
Aug. 12 and christened the house White's Athen^um. 

A minstrel and variety performance was given. In the company 
were Mons. Langlois, juggler; John Stewart, Andy McKee, Charles 
Henry, Wash Norton, Nelse Seymour, Sevey, Rodgers, Geo. H. 
Coes (stage manager), Sergeant Burke, Carl Rudolph, Chester 
Nichols, W. Schwicardi, E. Harding, Prof. E. Cornu (musical 
director), C. W. Schwab, J. K. Campbell, Joe Lang, Prescott, 
Charles Stevens, Frank Beeler, and T. Deverell. Venturoli, pre- 
miere danseuse, and Jennie Kimball, serio-comic singer, appeared 
Aug. 9. On March 10, 1873, the Worrell Sisters — Sophie, Irene, 
and Jennie — made their appearance in the burlesque, "Ernani." 
Charley White continued until June, when he closed. On Aug. 
18 this house was opened by Robert W. Butler, and called The 
Metropolitan Theatre. He presented a company which in- 
cluded Nelse Seymour, Geo. F. Ketchum, Luke Schoolcraft, Geo. 
H. Coes, Add Ryman, J. F. Howard, Joe Lang, the Reynolds, the 



122 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Z18S3 

Le Clairs, Harry Ward, Belle Howitt, Nully Pieris, and Marian 
Blande. No further change occurred until May 30, 1874. A 
summer season, with " Can-can " dancers, followed, and closed Octo- 
ber, 1874. Luke Schoolcraft died in Cincinnati, March 12, 1893. 

On Nov. 9 Harry Clifton and James Campbell became man- 
agers. The nightly performance of what was termed the " Pari- 
sian Can-can " had for months been a disgrace to the city. During 
the first weeks of this performance the place was raided by Cap- 
tain Williams, then commanding the Eighth Precinct, and James 
Campbell was arrested. The result of this raid was that Samuel 
Shapter, lawyer, who held the lease of the theatre property, 
assumed the management. A real French dancer, who had the 
stage name of Mme. de Rochefoucauld, was engaged, and the 
Can-can developed in all its details. Numerous complaints were 
made to the police regarding the character of the place ; another 
raid was made Dec. 23, 1874. John Le Favre Manning took the 
management of this house Jan. 25, 1875. M. C. Campbell, the 
"old time" minstrel performer, assumed charge Feb. 15. During 
the week commencing March i James E. Smith gave vaudeville 
entertainments, and Chas. Shay opened the place as The Grand 
Central Theatre, with variety, closing early in April. It was 
reopened by Wally Ward on May 3 with a sketch entitled "The 
Female Bathers." The house was closed, and reopened as The 
Metropolitan Theatre. 

The Society for the Relief of Juvenile Delinquents interfering 
on the ground of unpaid taxes, the house was closed, and on Aug. 
2 was opened by Billy Pastor and M. B. Leavitt. Among the 
many attractions that appeared Aug. 16 were Kate Raymond and 
O. B. Collins, in "Dick the Newsboy." 

N. D. Roberts' Pantomime company commenced Aug. 23, in 
"Jack and Jill." Fanny Herring, supported by Ed. Lay, appeared 
Aug. 30 in "The French Spy." Tony Pastor became manager 
Oct. 4, and presented a variety entertainment. He continued 
here until April 11, 1881, when he retired from active manage- 
ment of this hall. After a few weeks of very questionable enter- 
tainments the house was closed, and altered, June 20, 1883, into 
stores. The vicinity in which this house of many names was situ- 
ated has a peculiar and historical interest. Bill Poole, politician 
and pugilist, was murdered by Lew Baker in a saloon on the 
block. Harry Hill's was in Houston Street near by, and Harry 
Clifton's and the "House of Lords," famous for their roast beef 
and English glee singing, were opposite Hill's dance house. Fire- 
men's Hall was just back of the theatre, in Mercer Street. 

Tony Pastor's reign at No. 585 will live in the dramatic annals 
of the town on account of the number of actors and actresses who 
started there and are now in the front rank of their profession. 



I8s6j 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



123 



The song and dance team of Mackin and Wilson appeared with 
great frequency then. Mackin is dead, but Francis Wilson is now 
the most famous of all the comic opera comedians. 

Lillian Russell began her career as a singer by warbling " Kiss 
Me, Mother, Ere I Die," and kindred melodies on this stage, and 
Nat Goodwin made his metropolitan ddbut a year or so earlier, 
with imitations of Booth, Raymond, and other well-known actors. 
Evans and Hoey and the French twins played frequent engage- 
ments, and so did May and Flo Irwin. 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 

THE theatre which Laura Keene managed so long and made so 
famous was situated on the east side of Broadway (624), 
above Houston Street. It had a handsome exterior and a seating 
capacity of eighteen hundred. When completed, it cost ;^ 74, 000. 
It was erected on ground leased by Mr. Trimble for a period of 
twenty-one years, and the theatre proper was leased by Laura 
Keene, at an annual rental of ;^ 12, 000, for seven years. H. Hall 
was stage manager , and Thomas Baker musical director. The open- 
ing occurred Tuesday, Nov. 18, 1856, with the following company: 
George C. Jordan, C. Wheatleigh (from the Princess Theatre, 
London), G. K. Dickinson, F. C. Wemyss, J. A. Smith (from the 
Boston Theatre), J. H. Stoddart, Napoleon W. Gould, H. Hayes, 
W. Reeve, Mr. Cecine, C. Young, H. Hall, Mr. Burnett, T. B. 
Johnston, M. V. Lingham, Mr. Alleyne, B. Ringgold, Mr. Mac- 
Rae, Mr. Harcourt, Mr. Evarts, Mr. Colfield, Mr. Andros, J. T. 
Austin, Mr. Chester, Mrs. W. H. Smith (her first engagement in 
this city), Julia Gould (her first appearance since her return from 
California), Mrs. J. H. Stoddart, Ada Clifton, Jessie McLean, 
Josephine Manners, Mrs. H. R Grattan, Mrs. Stephens, Mrs. 
Atwood, Mrs. T. B. Johnston, Cornelia Jefferson, Emma Hall, 
Miss Alleyne, Stella Mairs, Louisa Paine, Rose Archer, and 
Laura Keene. The performance commenced with "The Star 
Spangled Banner," sung by the whole company, followed by "As 
You Like It," which had this cast: 



Duke in Exile . . . . F. C. Wemyss 
Duke Frederick . . . S. K. Chester 

Le Beau J. A. Smith 

Oliver M. V. Lingham 

Jaques Mr. MacRae 

Orlando Geo. Jordan 

Adam Mr. Burnett 

Lord H. Hayes 

Touchstone ... C. Wheatleigh 
Corin J. H. Stoddart 



Amiens Julia Gould 

Jaques G. K. Dickinson 

Charles the Wrestler . Mr. Harcourt 

Silvius B. Ringgold 

William W. Reeve 

Rosalind Laura Keene 

Celia Mrs. Stoddart 

Phoebe .... Josephine Manners 
Audrey .... Mrs. H. P. Grattan 



124 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D857 



The performance concluded with "Ladies, Beware I" Colonel 
Vavasour, J. G. Burnett; Sir Charles, M. V. Lingham; Matilda, 
Josephine Manners; Lady Beauchamp, Mrs. H. P. Grattan; Grace 
Peabody, Mrs. W. H. Smith. Admission was : Dress Circle and 
Parquet, 50 cents; Balcony Seats, 75 cents; Family Circle, 25 
cents; Orchestra Stalls, $1 each; Private Boxes, $6. 

The house was crowded, and the receipts amounted to 1^940. 

" Young New York " was acted, Nov. 24, for the first time, and 
kept the stage until Dec. 8. " Second Love " was played for the 
first time here Dec. 8. "Camille," Dec. 18, with Geo. Jordan as 
Armand, J. G. Burnett as Duval, and Laura Keene as Camille. 
Dec. 25. "The Love Chase" and the extravaganza, "First Night, 
or the Life of an Actress;" Dec. 26, "The Marble Heart;" Jan. 
S, 1857, for the first time "Young Bacchus, or Spirits and Water." 
This was a musical extravaganza, and had this cast : 



Bacchus Laura Keene 

Jupiter J. G. Burnett 

Momus Chas. Wheatleigh 

Hymen .... Cornelia Jefferson 

Mars Mr. Hayes 

Silenus H. McDouall 

Pan B. Yates 

Mercury . . . Josephine Manners 

Apollo Miss Stella 

Cadmus J. H. Stoddart 

Ampuleas Mr. AUeyne 

Vulcan Mr. Donelson 



Juno Mrs. W. H. Smith 

Ariadne Julia Gould 

Venus Miss AUeyne 

Dirce T. B. Johnston 

Flora .... Mrs. T. B. Johnston 

Hebe Miss Howell 

Calliope Miss Minnie 

Diana Miss Gray 

Jola Mrs. J. H. Stoddart 

Ceres Miss Mairs 

Olio Mrs. Harry Wall 

Cupid Clara Taylor 



" Rachel the Reaper " was played for the first time Jan. 12. " She 
Stoops to Conquer " was given with " Young Bacchus " until Jan. 
29. " Mary's Birthday " was first seen Feb. 2, and with this cast : 



George Lordly . . . C. Wheatleigh 
Vernon Lordly . . . . J. A. Smith 
Beale Mr. Reeve 



Mr. Hawthorne . . . J. H. Stoddart 

Alice Ada Clifton 

Mary Laura Keene 



George Jordan took his first benefit Feb. 7 as Evelyn in 
"Money." For T. B. Johnston's benefit, Feb. 14, "David Cop- 
perfield" was presented with Johnston as Uriah Heep; Viola 
Plunkett, Wilkins Micawber, Jr. ; J. G. Burnett, Micawber; 
Mrs. H. P. Grattan, Betsy Trotwood; and Laura Keene, Martha. 
Camomille" was the afterpiece, with T. B. Johnston as Camo- 
mille. " Much Ado About Nothing " was played Feb. 19. E. G. 
P. Wilkins, the author of "Young New York" and "My Wife's 
Mirror," had a benefit Feb. 21, when those two plays were acted; 
Feb. 23, "Faust and Marguerite," for the first time here. The 
translation was by Jonathan Birch. "Love in '76" was also 
given for the first time Feb. 28. "Rose Elsworth " was acted 
by Laura Keene until March 3, when Kate Reignolds made her 



I857D 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



125 



first appearance in the character. " The Black Book " was first pro- 
duced in this country March 12; Fred M. Kent made his d^but 
here as Peter Zitterschenkel. The hit of the season was Charles 
Selby's fairy drama, "The Elves, or the Statue Bride," presented 
March 16, and thus cast: 

Prince Pomp . . . . J. H. Stoddart 
Prince Lubin . . . Kate Reignolds 
Count Coldstreamer . . C. Wheatleigh 

Toadyler J. A. Smith 

Soft Sawder AUeyne 

Chringis Hayes 

Hyacinthe McDouall 

Colin T. B. Johnston 

Corin Jackson 

Arcader Ben Yates 



Colantha Harcourt 

Melantha Miss Alford 

Sylva Laura Keene 

Princess Miss Manners 

Phillis C. Jefferson 

Eoline .... Mrs. T. B. Johnston 
Mme. Chloe . . Mrs. H. P. Grattan 

Daphne Mrs. Stoddart 

Phoebe Miss Alleyne 

Ifis Julia Gould 



" The Wicked Wife, or A Reign of Terror," was seen for the first 
time in America March 23. "Living Too Fast," first time here 
April 6. Charles Gayler's " Love of a Prince," for the first time on 
any stage, April 13. It had this cast: 

Count Saxendorf . . . F. C. Wemyss 
Queen Sophia . . Mrs. H. P. Grattan 

Stolbach McDouall 

Jean F. M. Kent 

Elizabeth Julia Manners 

Louise Ada Clifton 

Cristin C. Jefferson 



Prince Charles . . . Laura Keene 
Baron Hoppen . . T. B. Johnston 
Count Gustave .... Lingham 

Gen. Sturmer Stoddart 

Gen. Baumer jBenson 

Col. Brunner Harcourt 

King Frederick . . . J. G. Burnett 

April 27, for the first time in America, Alex. Dumas fils' 
comedy, "The Money Question," was seen, and with this cast: 



R6ne De Charzay . C. Wheatleigh 
Jean Girdud .... Geo. Jordan 

De Rencourt McDouall 

Mme. Durieu .... Mrs. Grattan 
Mathilde Miss Manners 



Durieu Burnett 

De CayoUe Stoddart 

Eliza Kate Reignolds 

La Comtesse .... Ada Clifton 



For the benefit of Laura Keene, May 2, " Like and Unlike " was 
given for the first time at this theatre. May 11, first time, a semi- 
burlesque, "Variety, or the Picture Gallery" was done, and the 
new comedy, " Nature and Art. " The season closed June i with 
a benefit to T. B. Johnston. A summer term began June 3 with 
"She Stoops to Conquer" and "Variety, or the Picture Gallery." 
"Life's Troubled Tides" was seen for the first time June 8. 
"Plot and Passion" had its first hearing here June 17. The cast 
was: 



Fouchd Burnett 

Mens. Desmarets . . C. Wheatleigh 
The Marquis .... J. A. Smith 

Berthier Mr. Hayes 

Cecile Miss Alleyne 



Henri Lingham 

Jabot McDouall 

Grisboulle W. M. Reeve 

Mme. De Fontaques . . Laura Keene 



126 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D857 



"Love's Telegraph," a new play, was seen June 24: 

Princess Laura Keene 

Alice .... Mrs. T. B. Johnston 
Marguerite . • Josephine Manners 



The Prince Lingham 

Arthur C. Wheatleigh 

Baron Burnett 

Gentleman Usher .... Benson 



"Where's the Police? " was played for the first time in America 
July 4, on the closing night of the summer season. 

The Marsh Troupe Juvenile Comedians, under the management 
of R. G. Marsh, commenced Aug. 3. On their first appearance 
they were arrayed in their travelling costumes, in a tableau illus- 
trative of "Home Again." This was followed by the Marseillaise, 
sung by Master Alfred Stewart, his first appearance before the New 
York public; this was succeeded by a tableau and music entitled 
"Hail Columbia." Little Jennie followed with a dance, and 
" Toodles " closed the performance. " The Naiad Queen " was 
presented by the Marsh company Aug. 13 with this cast: 



Sir Rupert Carrie 

Schnapps G. W. Marsh 

Rinaldo Georgiana 

Carnelle Francis 

Rodolphe Master Ames 

Ronaldo Amelia 

Manfredi Adelaide 

The Naiad Queen .... Louise 

Idex Mary Marsh 

Fulvia Julia Melville 



Sparkle Jennie 

Dewdrop Selma 

Spray Anna 

Coral Shew Matilde 

Sprinkle Proler 

Limpid Rabauz 

Amphibeo R. G. Marsh 

Finbach Master Charley 

Goggle Eye . . . Master Henry 
Phantom Face . . . . M. Frederick 



The season of 1857-58 opened Aug. 31. "The Heir at Law" 
and "A Ghost in Spite of Himself " formed the programme. The 
comedy had this cast : 



Lord Duberly . 
Dick Dowlas . 
Zekiel Homespun 
Dr. Pangloss . 
Mr. Stedfast . 
Henry Moreland 



. J. G. Burnett 

A. H. Davenport 

C. Wheatleigh 

. Jos. Jefferson 

J. H. Stoddart 

Carlton Howard 



Kenwick C. Peters 

John Harcourt 

Waiter Brown 

Lady Duberly .... Mary Wells 
Caroline . . . Charlotte Thompson 
Cicely Laura Keene 



"A Ghost in Spite of Himself ": 

Nicodemus Stoddart | Squire Aldwinkle Burnett 

Capt. Vauntington . . . Duncan Diggory Jos. Jefferson 

Paul Chas. Peters Georgiana .... Mrs. C. Peters 

Lavinia . . . Charlotte Thompson 

Joseph Jefferson's comic talent and powers of characterization 
were recognized from the first night of his engagement, and he left 
here two seasons later an established favorite. Sept. I "Ange- 
line " and " A Conjugal Lesson " were acted. In the latter Jeffer- 
son played Mr. Lullaby, Laura Keene being his long-suffering 



1857: 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



127 



wife. During this season some of Mr. Jefferson's other characters 
were Joshua Butterby in "The Victims," Major Lumley in "An 
Affair of Honor," Scout in "The Village Lawyer," Maximilian 
Muddle in "Nothing to Nurse," Camera Facsimile Catchmug in 
" The Siam Light Guard, " in which he danced in the lancers and 
imitated a tight-rope walker ; Pierre Rouge in " The Husband of an 
Hour," Barnaby Bibbs in "A Quiet Family," Diggory in "The 
Spectre Bridegroom," Golightly in "Lend Me Five Shillings," 
Septimus Smith in "My Son Diana," Barabas in "The Sea of 
Ice," Botcherby in "An Unequal Match," Dard in "White Lies," 
Clod Meddlenot in Durivage's burlesque, "The Lady of the Lions," 
Joliquet in "The Courier of Lyons," Graves in "Money," Colin 
in "The Elves" and Seth Hope in "Blanche of Brandywine." 

Sept. 5 "Rachel the Reapsr," "A Conjugal Lesson," and the 
first act of " Robert Macaire " formed the bill. Charles Wheat- 
leigh was the Robert Macaire, and Jos. Jefferson, Jacques Strop. 
Sept. 7, for the first time in this country, Tom Taylor's comedy, 
"The Victims," was thus cast: 



Mr. Merryweather . 
Mr. Rowley . . 
Herbert Fitzherbert 
Joshua Butterby . 
Mr. Curdle . . . 
Mr. Middlemist 
Mr. Homblower . 
Carfluffle .... 



C. Wheatleigh 
. J. G. Burnett 
Geo. Stoddart 
. . Jefferson 
J. H. Stoddart 
Carlton Howard 
. Hardenbergh 
. . Harcourt 



Skinner C. Peters 

Mrs. Merryweather . . Laura Keene 

Miss Crane Mary Wells 

Mrs. Fitzherbert Charlotte Thompson 

Satchell Annie Walters 

Mrs. Sharp .... Mrs. Thompson 
Mary Bustle Miss Bell 



Sept. 16 "Judith of Geneva " was presented : 



Mons. St. Val . Frank Hardenbergh 
Henry St. Val . . . Carlton Howard 
Le Launy .... J. H. Stoddart 
La Vogue . . . . C. Wheatleigh 

Nicholas Jos. JefEerson 

Robert Harcourt 



Footman Evans 

Cook Numerett 

Countess Laura Keene 

Amy .... Charlotte Thompson 

Rose Mary Wells 

Gardener Burke 



Sept. 21 "Eustache Baudin" was given here, with this cast: 



Eustache Baudin . . C. Wheatleigh 
Alphonse .... F. Hardenbergh 
Mons. Poncelot ... C. Howard 

Marcel Coulet JefEerson 

Paul Jardin Burke 

Gregory Frank Evans 

Countess ...... Mary Wells 

Louise (aged 4) . Little May Bullock 
Louise (aged 17) . Cornelia JefEerson 



Delbois J. G. Burnett 

Duke DeBrisac . . . J. H. Stoddart 
Henri De Brisac .... Duncan 

Mons. Manclerc Brown 

Sergeant C. Peters 

Pierre Burke 

Louise .... Charlotte Thompson 
Manon Annie Taylor 



" She Stoops to Conquer " was played Sept. 24, with George 
Jordan as Young Marlowe; Sept. 28, "Living Too Fast," and, for 
the first time, E. G. P. Wilkins' "The Siam Light Guard," the 
latter having this cast : 



128 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D857 



Patchouli . . 
Cartevocha . 
Schako 


. Charlotte Thompson 

. . . . Mary Wells 

Annie Taylor 


Dodo . . . 
Dahlia . . . 


. . Mrs. Chas. Peters 
. . . Mrs. Thompson 



Sonofagongo ... J. G. Burnett 
Camera Facsimile Catchmug 

J. Jefferson 

Knappkin Chas. Peters 

Mrs. Catchmug .... Laura Keene 
Babee C. Jefferson 

Incidental to the piece was the quadrille "Les Landers," pre- 
sented for the first time on the American stage. C. M. Walcot's 
farce, "Nothing to Nurse," was the afterpiece. Falconer's drama, 
" Husband for an Hour " was acted Oct. 5. 

"Splendid Misery," by C. T. P. Ware, was produced for the 
first time Oct. 19, and with this cast : 



Chas. Glitter 
Hal Highflyer . 
Hon. Geo. Prindle 
Koskiusko . . 
Mrs. Chas. Glitter 
Mrs. Crinoline Hoopley 



. J. Jefferson 
C. Wheatleigh 
J. H. Stoddart 
J. G. Burnett 
. Laura Keene 
Mary Wells 



Silky George Jordan 

Frank C. Peters 

Bob Carlton Howard 

Jenkins T. Duncan 

Cabman Burke 

Julia .... Miss C. Thompson 



Angeline Annie Taylor 

" Birds of Prey " was done for the first time Oct. 26. It was 
written by Mr. Wray for the Haymarket Theatre, London. Here 
it had this cast : 



Charles de Rennepout . Geo. Jordan 
Viscount George Darmenonville 

C. Wheatleigh 
Mons. Lalonette .... J. Burnett 
Henry De Clamarius Geo. W. Stoddart 
Mile. Th^rfese Bernard . Laura Keene 



Duchess de Guerand . . Mary Wells 
Helen de Guerand . . Annie Taylor 
Mile. Georgina . Charlotte Thompson 
Mons. Maugiron . . . T. Duncan 

Eustace . Brown 

Gustave Burke 



Nov. 5 " The Sea of Ice " was produced and thus cast : 



Henri De Lascours Chas. Wheatleigh 
Louise De Lascours . . Laura Keene 

Carlos Geo. Jordan 

Medoc C. Peters 

Pasquin Burke 

Marie Mary Bullock 

Horace G. W. Stoddart 



Don Josd .... Carlton Howard 
Mile. Diana De Theringe 

Charlotte Thompson 

Barabas Jos. Jefferson 

Jano F. Evans 

Georges T. Duncan 

Countess Mary Wells 



Ice scenes were witnessed on the stage as early as 1818. There 
was produced at Birmingham, Eng., that year, "The North Pole, 
or the Arctic Expedition." The final scene was described on the 
bills as follows : 

"A ship of immense size, fully rigged, with a crew of forty per- 
sons, commanded by a naval officer, will effect her passage through 
floating islands of ice, which, on separating, will show an expanse of 
ocean covering the whole stage. She will sail down to the foot- 
lights with her bowsprit over the pit, producing as novel and pow- 
erful an effect as can be exhibited on the stage." 

Benjamin Webster produced a version of " The Sea of Ice " at 



1858] 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



129 



the Adelphi Theatre, London, Eng., in October, 1853, entitled 
"Thirst of Gold." The success of this piece evoked another 
adaptation early in 1854, at the Marylebone Theatre, London, 
in which a Danish vessel was brought on the scene, simultane- 
ously with the breaking up of the ice, to rescue the immersed. 
Although scenes of this nature are of comparatively recent date, 
ordinary nautical effects must be of very considerable antiquity. 
So far back as the year 171 3 a piece was produced at Paris, called 
"Les Amours Deguises," in which a fully rigged ship sailed on 
the stage with her decks covered with sailors and passengers. 

"The Sea of Ice" ran until Dec. 21, when "The Corsican 
Brothers " was produced with this cast : 



The Twin Brothers . George Jordan 
Chateau Renaud . . C. Wheatleigh 
Alfred Meynard . . Geo. Stoddart 
Le Baron De Montgiron . Duncan 
Le Baron Giordano Martelli . Howard 
Mme. Savila Dei Franchi Mary Wells 
Servants . . . Sadler and Churchill 
Emilia de Lesparre 

Charlotte Thompson 
Orlando Wise 



Colonna Burke 

M. Beauchamp Munerett 

M. Verner Dowton 

Griffo E. K. Burke 

Antonio Brown 

Boissec C. Peters 

Marie Mrs. Thompson 

Coralie Miss Lang 

Celestine Miss Walters 

Estelle . . . Mrs. G. W. Stoddart 



" Take Care of Dowb " was acted the same night, and Josephine 
Manners made her first appearance this season, as Mrs. Wallop. 
Henrietta Lang was the Fanny. Dec. 24, in addition to "The 
Corsican Brothers," the comic pantomime, " Harlequin Blue Beard, 
or the Good Fairy Triumphant over the Demon of Discord " was 
produced. Sallie Bishop was the Columbine ; Mons. Leon, Sprite; 
Ben Yates, Harlequin; W. Kennedy (his first appearance in this 
city in fifteen years). Pantaloon; C. Henry, Clown. Tom Taylor's 
comedy, " An Unequal Match " was played for the first time Jan. 
4, 1858, and had this cast: 

Harry ArnclifEe . . . Geo. Jordan 
Sir Sowerby Honeywood 

G. W. Stoddart 

Blenkensop C. Peters 

Heyduk Burke 

Miss Leech Miss Everett 

Lady Honeywood . . Mrs. Thompson 

"The Muleteer of Toledo," was acted Jan. 15, and Jan. 25 Wilkie 
Collins' drama, "The Lighthouse." For the benefit of Laura 
Keene, Jan. 30, "White Lies," dramatized from Chas. Reade's 
novel of that name, was produced. Feb. 4, the burlesque of " The 
Lady of the Lions, " Jefferson as Clod Meddlenot. " The Courier 
of Lyons " was done Feb. 6 for the benefit of George Jordan. 
Joseph Jefferson's first benefit in New York took place Feb. 13, 
when he played Toby Twinkle in "All That Glitters is not 

VOL. II. — 9 



Bessie Hebblethwaite Miss Manners 
Hester Grazebrook . . Laura Keene 

Dr. Botcherby Jefferson 

Grazebrook Burnett 

Chillingham .... Frank Hodges 
Mrs. Montressor . . . Mary Wells 



130 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1858 



Gold;" Mr. Brown in the farce "My Neighbor's Wife," and 
Diggory in "The Spectre Bridegroom." John Courtney's comedy 
"Double Faced People" was seen Feb. 26; "Mind Your Own 
Business " was done the same night. For Stage Manager J. G. 
Burnett's benefit, Feb. 27, "Mind Your Own Business," and an 
original sketch called " A Steamboat Disaster " were given. Polly 
Marshall first appeared at this house March i as Polly Crisp in 
the farce " Unprotected Female, " and as Captain Charlotte in the 
farce of that name. March 2 "The Heir at Law" was acted, when 
Virginia C. Howard made her d^but here as Caroline Dormer. 
" Green Bushes " was seen March 3, with H. F. Daly, his first ap- 
pearance, as Connor O' Kennedy. Harry A. Perry was added to 
the company March 13 and opened as Alfred Evelyn in "Money." 
March 15 "Flowers of the Forest" was done for the first time 
here. March 22, " Jonathan Bradford " : H. F. Daly played 
Jonathan; Harry Perry, Dan Macraisy; and Jos. Jefferson, Caleb 
Scrimmidge. 

"The Elves, or the Statue Bride," March 27; "Flowers of the 
Forest " was revived April 7. " Plot and Passion " was revived 
April 12. s 

The theatre was closed Wednesday evening, April 21, for a 
dress rehearsal of "Blanche of Brandywine," which had its first 
representation April 22. The scenery was painted by Minard 
Lewis (his first effort in this city). This was the cast: 

General Washington . Edwin Varrey Col. Frazier J. Burnett 

General Green McDouall Seth Hope .... Jos. Jefferson 

Sampson W. Denham Krout C. Peters 

Gilbert Gates (first appear- Clerewood .... Arthur AUeyne 

ance in this city . . . Frank Bangs Rose Frazier .... Miss AUeyne 

Blanche of Brandywine . Laura Keene Sally Miss Warde 

Randulph H. F. Daly Gen. Howe Mr. Martin 

John Walford . . . C. Wheatleigh Geo. Percy .... Milnes Levick 

On this occasion a new drop-curtain was shown, painted by Del- 
amane, and representing a fac-simile of Leutze's picture of " Wash- 
ington Crossing the Delaware." "Blanche of Brandywine" was 
played for the last time May 12; also "An Unequal Match," for 
the benefit of Joseph Jefferson. E. A. Sothern made his first 
appearance here acting Harry ArnclifEe in "An Unequal Match." 
Geo. W. Stoddart died July 9, 1888, at the residence of his father- 
in-law, Neil Burgess, at Atlantic Highlands, N. J. He came to this 
country in 1853, and made his American debut in Boston at the 
National Theatre. His best work was as a leading comedian with 
the elder Booth, Edwin Forrest, Macready, Charlotte Cushman, 
and Chas. Kean. His last appearance on the stage was as the 
Elder in " The Widow Bedott. " Mrs. D. P. Bowers appeared May 
17, 1858, in "The Lady of Lyons." In the company were: Sara 



1858] 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



131 



Hemple, F. B. Conway, George Boniface, L. R. Shewell, Fred 
Dubois, W. B. Chapman, W. Davidge, Anna Cruise, Sara Stevens, 
Mrs. Josh Silsbee, and Cornelia Jefferson. "Camille" was acted 
May 18. William Davidge first appeared here as John Small in 
"The Two Buzzards." May 20, "The Jealous Wife;" May 21, 
"Fazio, the Italian Wife;" May 22, "The Willow Copse;" 
May 23, 24, "Leap Year;" May 25, 26, "The Hunchback;" 
May 27, 28, "The King's Rival;" May 29, "Love and Loyalty," 
when Mrs. Bowers' engagement ended. J. H. Hackett com- 
menced May 31 as Sir John Falstaff, in "The Merry Wives of 
Windsor," which he repeated June i, 2. C. Walcot acted Sir 
Hugh Evans and Mrs. Walcot, Mrs. Page. June 3 Hackett acted 
Mons. Mallett in the comedy of that name, and O'Callaghan in 
"His Last Legs." Mrs. Bowers took a benefit June 5, and played 
Margaret Elmore in "Love's Sacrifice." Mrs. F. B. Conway acted 
Hermione; E. A. Sothern was also in the cast. Matilda Her- 
on's new play, "Mathiide," was seen June 7 for the first time 
in this city. The theatre closed very suddenly June 10. E. A. 
Sothern came before the curtain and said : 

" Ladies and gentlemen — I am under the painful necessity of 
announcing to you that there will be no performance this evening. 
(A voice — ' Because of the smallness of the audience, I suppose.' ') 
No, sir, Matilda Heron and the rest of the company are dressed 
for their parts, but I have this moment been notified by two parties 
to pay the rent, both of whom claim it, and if I pay it to one party 
I am threatened with a prosecution by the other. Under these 
circumstances, therefore, I think it better to close the establish- 
ment, and the audience will receive their money at the box office." 

It was rumored that a fracas took place in the greenroom 
between the respective allies of Laura Keene, Matilda Heron and 
Mrs. D. P. Bowers, and that during the mel6e Mr. Sothern rushed 
forward and made the above announcement to prevent an expose. 

The next season opened Aug. 25, 1858, with "The Willow 
Copse," and this cast: 



Sir Richard .... E. A. Sothern 
Luke Fielding . . C. W. Couldock 
Arthur Apsley . . . . W. Marden 

Augustus Jos. JeSerson 

Bubblemere H. Wharton 

Fungus Mr. Clinton 

Lucy Sara Stevens 

Meg Mrs. Sothern 



Col. Vanguard 
Dick Hulks . 
Staggers . . 
Lady Apsley . 
Rose Fielding 
Georgiana 
Miss Apsley . 



J. G. Burnett 
Edwin Varrey 
. . C. Peters 
. Mary Wells 
. Laura Keene 
Eliza Couldock 
Lillie Marden 



There were two additions to the company this season. Charles 
W. Couldock, who had not been in America for nine years, was 
one of them, and William R. Blake the other. After the drama 
Louise Lamoureux and George Smith did a dance. Sept. 2 



132 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE tiSsB 



Plunkett's drama, "The Advocate," was acted for the first time 
here, and in honor of the telegraph celebration " Love and Light- 
ning, or the Telegraph Cable " was played. In the cast were Kate 
and Maria Duckworth. " The Rivals " was seen Sept. 6, and in- 
troduced here Mr. and Mrs. William R. Blake : 



Sir Anthony W. R. Blake 

Falkland Frank Bangs 

David Chas. Peters 

Fag Milnes Levick 

Mrs. Malaprop . . Mrs. W. R. Blake 
Lydia Languish . . . Laura Keene 



Lucy . . . 
Capt. Absolute 
Sir Lucius 
Bob Acres 
Julia . . . 



Mrs. Sothern 
E. A. Sothern 
J. G. Burnett 
Jos. Jefferson 
Sara Stevens 



On Sept. 7, "Louis XI.," with Charles W. Couldock in the 
title r61e, and Laura Keene as the Dauphin. "The School for 
Scandal" had this cast Sept. 13: 



Sir Peter Teazle 
Sir Oliver Surface 
Joseph Surface . 
Charles Surface 
Crab tree . . . 



Wm. Rufus Blake 

J. G. Burnett 

C. W. Couldock 

. E. A. Sothern 

Joseph Jefferson 



Sir Benjamin Backbite Charles Peters 
Careless Frank Bangs 



Rowley William Marden 

Moses Edwin Varrey 

Trip Milnes Levick 

Lady Teazle Laura Keene 

Lady Sneerwell .... Mary Wells 
Mrs. Candour . Mrs. Wm. R. Blake 
Maria Sara Stevens 



It will be seen that this comedy was revived with the smaller 
parts filled by excellent artists, while the principal characters were 
sustained by eight acknowledged stars. Sept. 20 " Old Heads and 
Young Hearts " was done; Sept. 27, "The Road to Ruin " and the 
farce " Jenny Lind, " in which Marion Macarthy appeared as " Jenny 
Leatherlungs. Oct. 4, "London Assurance," had this cast: 



Sir Harcourt Courtley (first 

appearance this season) J. S. Browne 
Dazzle (first appearance this 

season) Chas. Walcot 

Charles Courtley . . E. A. Sothern 

Meddle Wm. R. Blake 

Max Harkaway - . . J. G. Burnett 



James 

Solomon Isaacs . . 
Lady Gay Spanker 
Dolly Spanker . , 

Cool 

Grace Harkaway . 



. . B. Brown 
Mr. Wharton 
Laura Keene 
Chas. Peters 

Milnes Levick 
Sara Stevens 



Benjamin Brown died in this city Sept. 22, 1890, of consump- 
tion. He left a widow and one child. He was buried in the 
Actors' Fund plot. "She Stoops to Conquer" was revived Oct. 
8, and, for the first time, the burlesque English opera " Fra Dia- 
volo," in which Effie Germon made her bow as Zerlina. Jefferson 
played Beppo. 

"Our American Cousin," by Tom Taylor, was first produced 
Oct. 18, 1858. After the reading of the comedy to the company, 
and before the characters were cast, Charles W. Couldock was asked 
if he would play Coyle, the lawyer, or Abel Murcott, his clerk. 



»859D 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



133 



He declined to play either of them. Sothern was cast for Lord 
Dundreary, a fourth-rate old man, with only forty-seven lines to 
speak. He also refused the part, but he and Couldock finally 
agreed with Mr. Burnett, the stage manager, to play on the condi- 
tion that both Dundreary and Abel Murcott should be rewritten. 
In writing up Dundreary, Sothern threw into it everything that 
struck him as wildly absurd. He added " business " and words, and 
sneezes, and hops, skips and jumps, until it became the most attrac- 
tive part in the piece. He may really be said to have invented the 
part. He cut out the "cellar scene," a "drunken act," and so re- 
arranged the play that instead of seventeen scenes, which it had 
when it came from the hands of Tom Taylor, Sothern gave it in 
four acts of one scene each. On the first night no one knew what 
Sothern was going to do, and the reading of Sam's letter was a 
surprise to everybody, although the part was by no means a pro- 
nounced success. In fact, it was two or three weeks before the 
people began to understand what Sothern meant. " Our American 
Cousin " proved a great favorite with the public. Without having 
any particular merit as a literary work, it was the most successful 
comedy produced here in many years. This was the original 
cast: 



Asa Trenchard . . Joseph Jefferson 
Sir Edward Trenchard, Edwin Varrey 
Lord Dundreary . . E. A. Sothern 
Lieut. Vernon . . . Milnes Levick 

Capt. De Boots Clinton 

Coyle Burnett 

Abel IVIurcott . . C. W. Couldock 

Binney Chas. Peters 

Buddicombe McDouall 



Rasper Wharton 

John Whicker .... B. Brown 
Florence Trenchard . Laura Keene 
Mrs. Mountchessington . Mary Wells 

Augusta Efifie Germon 

Georgiana . . . Mrs. E. A. Sothern 
Mary Meredith . . . Sara Stevens 

Sharpe Miss Flynn 

Skillet Mrs. Levick 



A matinde performance of " Our American Cousin " took place 
Dec. 25. Laura Honey became a member of the company Dec. 27, 
making her ddbut as Gertrude in "A Loan of a Lover." Laura 
Honey was afterwards known as Laura Church Honey Stevenson. 
She died at Oakland, Cal., Dec. 25, 1884. Wednesday, Dec. 29, 
a matinee performance was for the benefit of the Mount Vernon 
Fund. Feb. 5, 1859, a display of fireworks was given. In com- 
memoration of Washington's Birthday, a series of tableaux illus- 
trative of the life of the father of his country were given. They 
showed Washington as a surveyor, a farmer, a son, and as a gen- 
eral. Charles Peters' benefit took place March 12 when Master 
Fred W. Peters made his first appearance on any stage as Master 
Peter White in "Mr. and Mrs. Peter White." R. C. Carpenter 
was succeeded as prompter by F, S. Reignolds Dec. 6, who in turn 
gave way Feb. 17 to L. J. Vincent. 1 April i "The Heir at Law" 
was revived : 



134 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D859 



Zekiel Homespun 
Lady Duberly 
Caroline Dormer 
Cicely Homespun 
Lord Duberly 



, . E. A.' Sothern 

Mrs. W. R. Blake 

Sara Stevens 

, . Laura Keene 

, . W. R. Blake 



Steadfast Edwin Varrey 



Henry Moreland 
Dick Dowlas 
Dr. Pangloss 
Kenrick 
James . . 
John . . 



Wm. Harden 

Milnes Levick 

Jos. Jefferson 

Chas. Peters 

F. Evans 

B. Brown 



" Our American Cousin " was played for the last time April 15, 
1859. 

"La Femme Forte," produced in Paris in 1847, contained a 
character similar to that of Asa Trenchard. On the occasion of 
the appearance of Josh S. Silsbee in London, it occurred to Tom 
Taylor that " La Femme Forte " could be adapted to suit him. The 
adaptation was made by Taylor, according to the instructions of 
Mr. Josh Silsbee, and the piece was paid for by Benjamin Webster, 
manager of the Adelphi Theatre, London, where Mr. Silsbee was 
then playing. Finding it impossible to produce it during Mr. 
Silsbee's stay, Mr. Webster made it over, with all rights to 
Silsbee, who shortly afterwards returned to America and died in 
California, Dec. 22, 1855. On his death, Mrs. Silsbee disposed 
of the play to William Wheatley and John S. Clarke. Tom 
Taylor, although already paid for his work, had written another 
version, and disposed of it to Laura Keene for ;^i,ooo, and, during 
that lady's production of it, it had undergone many alterations and 
improvements, particulars of which had been furnished to John S. 
Clarke by Mr. Jefferson. On the production of the play in Phila- 
delphia Clarke had paid Laura Keene for the use of it, and therein 
alone was he in error, as the original had become his property, and 
imitations or adaptations of any kind could have been suppressed. 
The question occurs, what right had Tom Taylor to sell to Laura 
Keene the property of another? This play proved to E. A. Sothern 
the most successful of any he ever acted in. He played it about 
one thousand times in this country, and in London and the provin- 
cial towns over twenty-six hundred times. The great charm in his 
acting lay in the polished ease and finished style so peculiarly his 
own. In Lord Dundreary these attributes were more conspicuous 
than in any other of the long list of characters which he made 
famous, E. A. Sothern died in London, Eng., Jan. 20, 1881. In 
August, 1894, a memorial was erected over his grave in Southamp- 
ton cemetery by his son, E. H. Sothern. As nearly as possible 
it is a duplicate of the memorial erected to the memory of Ade- 
laide Neilson in Kensal Green cemetery. The inscription on the 
memorial says : " Edward Askew Sothern (comedian), born April 
I, 1826; died January 20, 1881." 

Sothern made his American debut at Boston, Mass., in 1852, 
under the name of Douglas Stewart. He then came to New York 
and was a member of Barnum's Museum company. He next ap- 



1859] 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



135 



peared at the old Broadway; afterwards at Wallack's (Broadway 
and Broome Street), where Colin Stuart was a memher of the com- 
pany, and this caused Sothern to resume his real name. From 
Wallack's he came to this theatre. 

The theatre was closed May 16 for a dress rehearsal of "A Mid- 
summer Night's Dream," which was given May 18 with this cast: 



Theseus .... C. W. Couldock 

Lysander E. A. Sothern 

Demetrius Milnes Levick 

Egeus Wm. Harden 

Philostrate .... Frank Evans 

Hippolyta Mary Wells 

Hermia Sara Stevens 

Helena Ada Clifton 

Nick Bottom .... W. R. Blake 
Quince Edwin Varrey 



Snug B. Brown 

Flute Chas. Peters 

Snout J. Henry 

Oberon Marion Macarthy 

Titania ..... Eliza Couldock 

Puck Laura Keene 

Peas Blossom . . . Miss J. Henrv 

Moth Mrs. McDouall 

Cobweb Miss Taylor 

Mustard Seed . . . Mrs. Marden 



C. W. Couldock's benefit occurred June 2, when Felix A. Vin- 
cent made his first appearance in this city in four years, acting 
Bobtail in "My Precious Betsy," and Mr. Ferment in "School 
of Reform." The season closed June 4 with a benefit to Laura 
Keene. The bill consisted of " All that Glitters is not Gold " and 
" Pet of the Petticoats. " A summer season was commenced June 
6 with Adelaide and Josey Gougenheim as the stars in " Court and 
Stage." Adelaide Gougenheim played her farewell engagement 
at Louisville, Ky. ; the following season she left the stage and 
married Mr. Frisbie, a gentleman from London. Josey continued 
on the stage. 

The season of 1859-60 commenced Aug. 29 with Laura Keene, 
Ada Clifton, Marion Macarthy, Mary Wells, Mrs. Mark Smith, 
Annie Deland, Miss C. Henry, Florence Bell, Miss Mortimer, 
Ada James, Mary Everett, Messrs. Jeffries, George Jordan, Mark 
Smith, Charles Wheatleigh, J. G. Burnett, Felix A. Vincent, H. 
F. Daly, Chas. Peters, J. A. Smith, Leon J. Vincent, Milnes 
Levick, Henry, and Mortimer, as the company. "House and 
Home, " by Tom Taylor, was acted with this cast : 



Horace Chetwood . . . Geo. Jordan 
Gen. Witherington . . J. G. Burnett 
Fred Morton H. F. Daly 



Lady Helen Ada Clifton 

Harriet Wardour . . Laura Keene 
Hopwood Florence Bell 



The afterpiece was "Our Clerks, or Suppose War were De- 
clared. " Mark Smith first appeared Sept. 5 as Joseph Ironsides 
in " Nine Points of the Law. " First time in America of Palgrave 
Simpson's comedy of "World and Stage" was Sept. 12. It had 
this cast: 



136 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE ZiSs9 



Fanny Kelly .... Laura Keene 
Lady Castlecrag .... Ada Clifton 

Miss Lipglue Mary Wells 

Col. Gabble J. A. Smith 

Trimmer Florence Bell 

Buzzard F. A. Vincent 

Harry Malpas .... Geo. Jordan 
Leonard Ashton . . . . H. F. Daly 



Dazzey Browser . . . Chas. Peters 
Hon. Mrs. Cruickshanks Annie Deland 
Norman Castlecrag . . J. G. Burnett 
Hetty Stubbs . . . Marion Macarthy 
Daniel Dunlap (first appear- 
ance in New York) W. H. Stephens 
Lady Fanny Gabble Mrs. Mark Smith 
Morcea Chas. Wheatleigh 



"The Sea of Ice" was revived Sept. 29. "A Midsummer 
Night's Dream" was given Oct. 21, with Mark Smith as Bottom. 
For the first time in America "The Election," by Tom Taylor, 
was seen Oct. 6, and with this cast: 



Dodgson . 
Wapshott . 
Gathercole . 
Spatchcock 
Trundle 
James . . 



Geo. Jordan 

. H. F. Daly 

J. G. Burnett 

J. A. Smith 

Milnes Levick 

F. Evans 



Honeybun Mark Smith 

Peckover Chas. Peters 

Topper Chas. Wheatleigh 

Clara Annie Deland 

Mrs. Honeybun . . . Laura Keene 



The farce "Antony and Cleopatra" was also acted. "The 
Wife's Secret" was produced for the first time here Nov. 9 and 
cast thus : 



Sir Walter Geo. Jordan 

Richard Henry 

James Evans 

Robert Munerett 

Neville Marion Macarthy 

Maud Mary Wells 



Lady Evelyn .... Laura Keene 

Lord Arden H. F. Daly 

Jabez Sneed . . . . J. G. Burnett 

Brouillard C. Wheatleigh 

Lieut. Harrington . . . M. Levick 
Harry Jeffries 



This play was originally brought out at the old Park Theatre by 
Charles Kean and Ellen Tree. 

Dec. I the burlesque of " Norma " was seen : Signora Markini 
Smitherini as Norma, Madame Felixcia A. Vincentio as Adelgisa. 
For Mark Smith's benefit, Dec. 10, "Still Waters Run Deep," 
with Mrs. Plunkett as Mrs. Mildmay; Charles Wheatleigh played 
John Mildmay, Mark Smith was the Potter, George Jordan, Capt. 
Hawksley; and the new American comedy "Distant Relations" 
was also given with this cast: 



John Arkright .... Mark Smith 
Chas. Dashwell . . . . J. A. Smith 
Julian Fitz Glitter . . F. A. Vincent 
Edwin Modeville . . Milnes Levick 

Tompkins C. Peters 

Jemmy . . . Master Fred Wren 

Search L. J. Vincent 

Adam Henry 

Mrs. Modeville . . Marion Macarthy 
John Arkright, Jr. . . Mary Bullock 



Mrs. Dashwell . . . Annie Deland 

Bridget Josephine Henry 

Mrs. Dr. Rackendsack 

Mrs. Mark Smith 



Mrs. Dobbs . . 
Anna Maria Dobbs 
Geo. Arkright 
Tolly .... 
Paddy Murphy . 
Deacon Smooth . 



. Mary Wells 
Laura Keene 
. H. F. Daly 
J. G. Burnett 
C. Wheatleigh 
Dan Leeson 



iseoj 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



137 



" Green Bushes " was played Dec. 30, and continued until Jan. 
9, i860i when, for the first time on any stage, Boucicault's 
"Jeannie Deans," a dramatization of Scott's "Heart of Midlo- 
thian," was seen. Dion Boucicault had been at the Winter Gar- 
den Theatre, but, having some difficulty, he and his wife, Agnes 
Robertson, left, and joined Laura Keene's forces. 



The Duke of Argyle . Mark Smith 
David Deans (expressly engaged) 

Charles Fisher 
Laird of Dumbiedikes 

(expressly engaged) . Dan Leeson 
Geordie Robertson . . . H. F. Daly 
Reuben Butler . . . Milnes Levick 
Madge Wildfire . . Marion Macarthy 
Jeannie Deans . . Agnes Robertson 



Counsel for the Crown 

Chas. Wheatleigh 
Counsel for the Defence 

Dion Boucicault 

Ratcliffe J. G. Burnett 

Archibald Chas. Peters 

Meg Mary Wells 

The Queen . . . Mrs. Mark Smith 
Effie Deans .... Laura Keene 



This is the first cast in which Dion Boucicault's name ever ap- 
peared in this country without an r in it. From his first appear- 
ance in America, on all programmes, posters, advertisements, and on 
all of his play books, his name was spelled " Bourcicault. " So it 
was when "Jeannie Deans" was first announced (Jan. 7, i860), but 
when the above cast appeared the r was dropped from his name, 
and continued so till his death. " Vanity Fair, or Vain of their 
Vices" was next done with this cast: 



Virginie Pate . 
Rose .... 
Edgar Lambert 
Old Lambert . 
Hector Pate . 
Chicken . . . 
Maxine Latour 



. Laura Keene 
Agnes Robertson 
Dion Boucicault 
. J. G. Burnett 
. Felix Vincent 
. Chas. Peters 
Chas. Fisher 



The Duke de Calatrava 

Chas. Wheatleigh 

Jerome Dan Leeson 

Balaclava Annie Deland 

Mile. Celeste .... Mary Wells 
Francine Mrs. Fox 



The theatre was closed March 28 for a dress rehearsal of " The 
Colleen Bawn," which was acted for the first time on any stage 
March 29 and ran until the close of the season on May 12, having 
been performed thirty-eight nights. The following card appeared 
in the programme : 

Laura Keene : My dear Madame, — Here is another drama — my last for 
this season. It was written in five days, and the labor has rather overtaxed me, 
as this makes the seventh I have written within the space of twenty-eight weeks 
— one five act play, five three act dramas, and a burlesque. This piece is called 
" The Colleen Bawn," and is Irish to the backbone. It is the first time I have 
taken a subject from my native country, and, quickly as the work has been 
executed, I am not the less satisfied with it. 'T will be found to be, I think, the 
best constructed of any of my works. Whatever demerits it may liave, it is my 
happiest efEort in that particular. The public must determine the rest. 

Dion Boucicault. 



138 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C'seo 



'The Colleen Bawn " had this cast: 



Eily O'Connor . . Agnes Robertson 
Myles-na-Coppaleen . Dion Boucicault 
Mrs. Cregan (first appearance here) 

Mme. Ponisi 
Ducie Blennerhassett Josephine Henry 
Kyrle Daly . . . Charles Fisher 
Danny Mann . . . . C. Wheatleigh 



Hardress Cregan 
Corrigan . . 
Sheelah . . 
Father Tom . 
Hyland Creagh 
Bertie O'Moore 
Anne Chute . 



. H. F. Daly 
J. G. Burnett 
. Mary Wells 
. Dan Leesoa 
. M. Levick 
. Mrs. Henry 
Laura Keene 



The season of 1860-61 opened Sept. 10, with T. B. De Walden's 
drama, " The Monkey Boy," adapted from the," Le Petite Prologue." 
It had this cast : 



Pierre Renaud . . C. W. Couldock 
Jacques Renaud . . . Laura Keene 
Joseph Rouquet . . . J. G. Burnett 
Hon. S. Spooner . . T. B. Johnston 
Lucien Girard . . . . H. F. Daly 

Picket Charles Peters 

Taupin Dan Leeson 

Maurice Milnes Levick 



Gervaise 

Paul . 

Raoul . 

Le Noir 

Fauvette 

Rose 

Madame Mignonette 

Coralie 



Mr. Bernard 
. . Mr. Barton 
Geo. W. Lingard 
Josephine Henry 
. Polly Marshall 
Mrs. J. H. Allen 
Mrs. H. Vinine 
. Lotty Hough 



James G. Burnett died in Chicago, 111., March 19, 1870. The 
company for this season consisted of : Laura Keene, Polly Marshall, 
Mrs. J. H. Allen, Mrs. H. Vining, Lotty Hough, Josephine Henry, 
Miss Oswald, Miss Francis, Miss Everett, Miss Bullock, Eliza 
Couldock, Miss Bleecker, C. W. Couldock, J. G. Burnett, H. F. Daly, 
T. B. Johnston, C. Peters, Dan Leeson, Milnes Levick, George 
Lingard, Henry, Wren, Clinton, Arthur, Markham, Wall, Gledhill, 
Bernard, Goodrich, Barton, Miss Melvin, Miss Willoughby, Miss C. 
Engel, Miss Hattie Engel, Lizzie Murphy, G. F. Browne, B. G. 
Rogers, Mr. de Little, and Mrs. W. H. Leighton. Laura Keene 
offered $1,000 to any American dramatist for the best three-act 
comedy, to be entitled " Our American Cousin at Home." 

Oct. I, "Aileen Aroon, or the Lady of Glenmire," was acted 
for the first time here. It was founded on " La Dame de St. Tropez," 
and had this cast : 



Father McPaudeen . 
Barnaby Blenkinsop 
Aileen Barradan . . 
Kathleen Barradan . 
Mrs. Blenkinsop 



. . D. Leeson 
. . C. Peters 
Laura Keene 
Mrs. J. H. Allen 
. Polly Marshall 



Milly Maginnis . . . Lotty Hough 
Gorman Barradan . . . . H. Daly 
Philip Warner . . . . M. Levick 

Lang Mulligan Burnett 

Nelly Eliza Couldock 



On Oct. 9 B. A. Baker became prompter. " Physic and Fancy, or 
the Hypochondriac," an adaptation from Moliere's " La Malade Im- 
aginaire," by Charles Reade, was produced Nov. 5, with this cast : 



Argan J. G. Burnett 

Arnolde Harry Wall 

Poinette Laura Keene 

Louison .... Mrs. J. H. Allen 

Belline Lotty Hough 

Thos. Diaforius .... C. Peters 



Bercalde, first appearance here 

Geo. F. Browne 
Angelique, first appearance 

on the stage . . Miss Willoughby 
Dr. Pargon D. Leeson 



i860 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



139 



Gay's " Beggars' Opera," condensed into one act, was also sung. 
Miss Melvin making her first appearance as Captain Macheath. 
" The Unprotected Female " was seen Nov. 3, with : 

. . Mr. Goodrich 



Polly Crisp 
Tim Temple 



Polly Marshall I Nicodemus Crisp 
. Harry Wall | 



" Toodles a Father," a farce by T. B. De Walden, was first played 
Nov. 12. The theatre was closed for rehearsal, Nov. 24, of " The 
Seven Sisters," first acted Nov. 26. It was founded upon the old 
German play, " The Seven Daughters of Satan," and had this cast: 

MORTALS 

Arthur Stunner . . . . H. F. Daly 1 Catchem Mr. Wren 

Snail Mr. Barton | Mary Springleaf .... Mrs. Allen 

IMMORTALS 



Pluto Dan Leeson 

Astaroth T. B. Johnston 

Demonos Milnes Levick 

Cuffee J. G. Burnett 

Mrs. Pluto Mr. C. Peters 

Diavoline Laura Keene 



Plutilla Polly Marshall 

Farcinella .... Eliza Couldock 
Spirit of Arthur's Sister Miss Francis 

Tartarina Lotty Hough 

Sulphurina .... Mrs. H. Vining 



During the spectacle a burlesque drama, entitled " The Murderous 
Mother," was acted. George F. Browne represented the remorseless 
tyrant Mrs. G. F. Browne (formerly Louisa Pray, sister of Mrs. 
Barney Williams and Mrs. Wm. J. Florence) danced. This pro- 
duction was so successful that it served to fill Laura Keene's Theatre 
for one hundred and seventy-seven nights. The transformation 
scene, painted by James Roberts, from the Theatre Royal, Covent 
Garden, London, was "The Birth of the Butterfly in the Bower 
of Ferns." It was one of the most beautiful pictures ever attempted 
on the American stage. Ben G. Rogers was engaged Jan. 21, 1861, 
and a Yankee part was introduced for him, called Doubtful Towrail. 
Feb. 1 1 Mr. Miles, the author (of Baltimore), introduced a second 
act of national tableaux, entitled " Uncle Sam's Magic Lantern," 
and introduced the following new characters : 

South Carolina . . . Polly Marshall 

Ohio Miss Willoughby 

Virginia Hattie Engel 

Columbia .... Mrs. J. H. Allen 
Liberty Mrs. H. Vining 



Uncle Sam . . 
Disunion . . 
Diogenes . . 
Massachusetts 
Maine . . . 



. . B. G. Rogers 
. . G. F. Browne 
T. B. Johnston 
. . Lotty Hough 
Mrs. G. F. Browne 



Feb. 27 was the one hundredth night of "The Seven Sisters;" 
a display of fireworks was seen in front of the theatre. April 22 
Laura Keene made further alterations in the second act. Mrs. 
W. H. Leighton acted Laura Keene's r61e of Diavoline, while that 
lady went to the country. April 29 the receipts were devoted to the 
relief of the families of the New York Volunteers. J. G. Burnett took 



140 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Ci86a 



his benefit May 4; Mrs. J. H. Allen, May 6; T.B. Johnston, May ri ; 
Thos. Baker, May 15; Charles Peters, May 18; and Lotty Hough, 
May 20. This was the last appearance on the stage of T. B. John- 
ston, an actor of great talent. He died May 27. 

July 8 Mrs. J. H. Allen retired from the company and Mrs. W. H. 
Leighton " doubled " Columbia with Diavoline. After a run of eight 
months and fourteen days (consecutively), "The Seven Sisters" 
was played for the last time Aug. 10, i86r. When the season 
closed George Lingard retired from the theatre and went to his 
brother's New Bowery theatre, where he commenced July 15, 1861, 
and remained until the theatre was burned down. His last appear- 
ance on the stage was at the Arch Street Theatre, Philadelphia, in 
Oct., 1876, acting in " Davy Crockett." He died in this city Oct. 28, 
1876. 

The season of 1861-62 commenced Sept. 23. In the company 
were Mrs. J. H. Allen, Mrs. Owen Marlowe, Lotty Hough, Mrs.F. S. 
Chanfrau, Laura Keene, Sara Stevens, lone Burke, Francis Dillon, 
Robertson, J. G. Burnett, Milnes Levick, H. F. Daly, Owen Marlowe, 
J. H. Stoddart, C. Burnett, C. Peters, Richardson, and Bilby. The 
opening play was " The Seven Sons," and had this cast : 



Diavoline Laura Keene 

Columbia .... Mrs. J. H. Allen 

Satanella Sara Stevens 

Tartarus Lotty Hough 

Asmodeus . . . Mrs. F. S. Chanfrau 

Diavolus lone Burke 

Molasses Miss Francis 



Sulphurus . . . Mrs. Owen Marlowe 
Mephistopheles . . Miss Robertson 

Pluto J. G. Burnett 

Caesar Milnes Levick 

Jake Butt H. F. Daly 

Fred Flutter . . . Owen Marlowe 
Mrs. Pluto C. Peters 



It proved to be a spectacular burlesque and had a run of nearly one 
hundred nights. Nov. 18 it was altered and rewritten. Dec. 24 
" Little Tom, or a Christmas Carol," written expressly for this theatre 
by Mercer Morris, was produced. " Robinson Crusoe " was acted the 
same night. These plays continued until Jan. g, 1862, when "Our 
American Cousin " was revived, and the cast was : Asa Trenchard 
(first appearance in that character), John T. Raymond, Sir Edward, 
Owen Marlowe ; Lord Dundreary, Milnes Levick. This play held 
the boards until Feb. 22, when Laura Keene's adaptation, entitled 
" The Macarthy or Peep o' Day," was given with this cast : 

The Macarthy 
Nelly Brady . 
Mary Kelly 
Father Peter . 
Peery Riordon 
Darby Kelly . 
The Babby . . 
Capt. Macneary 



. . D. W. Waller 
Mrs. D. W. Waller 
. Laura Keene 
. J. G. Burnett 
. . . Dillon 
. J. H. Stoddart 
J. T. Raymond 
Owen Marlowe 

This was Mr. and Mrs. Waller' 
Laura Keene was taken ill March 



Terrence McGown 
Aleck Purcell . 
Capt. Howard . 
Larry Macdade 
John Gaul . . 
Helen Macneary 
Patsey Moore . 
Mrs. Mulrooney 

s first appearance at this theatre. 
17, and Sara Stevens acted Mary 



. C. Peters 
. H. F. Daly 
Milnes Levick 
. lone Burke 
Miss Marks 
Mrs. J. H. Allen 
. . lone Burke 
Mrs. Owen Marlowe 



1862] 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



141 



Kelly, in "The Macarthy." March 24 Mrs. Allen was taken ill, 
when Mrs. Marlowe played Helen and Mrs. Dillon " doubled " 
Widow Mulrooney and Mrs. Molloy. This play ran until April 
30, when the house closed until May 5, when "Reason and Folly," 
adapted from the French for this house, had its first production. 
In it Laura Keene played nine different characters, and Mrs. Waller 
enacted seven different r6Ies. May 26, " Half a Dollar " and the 
burlesque of " The Elves, or the Fairy Bride " was seen. May 29, 
John Nickinson appeared (for the first time in ten years) as 
Haversack, in " The Old Guard." Isabella Nickinson played 
Melanie. " The Post Boy " was played June 2, with Nickinson as 
Spurrit. Tom Baker had a benefit June 4, when Seiiorita Isabel 
Cubas and Don Ximenes appeared for the first time at this 
theatre. 

A summer season began June 9 with the first production, under 
the direction of Maggie Mitchell, in New York, of " Fanchon," 
adapted from the German of Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer by A. Wildeur. 
It had this cast : 

Fanchon .... Maggie Mitchell 
Father Barbeaud . . . J. H. Stoddart 

Landry J. W. Collier 

Didier A. H. Davenport 

Pierre C. T. Parsloe 

Colin Bilby 

July 7 " The Young Prince, or the Frolics of a King's Son," was 
presented with this cast: 



Father Caliard . . . . T. J. Hind 
Old Fadet .... Mrs. T. J. Hind 
Mother Barbeaud, Mrs. H. P. Grattan 
Madelon . . . Mrs. J. H. Stoddart 
Marietta . . Adele Plunkett Grattan 



. Maggie Mitchell 

. . Mrs. Grattan 

Mrs. J. H. Stoddart 



King Frederick . . . J. H. Stoddart Prince Frederick . 

Count RenderofF . . . . T. J. Hind Queen of Prussia 

Captain Rosenberg . . J. W. Collier Dorothea . . . 

Carl Aldeshott . . A. H. Davenport 

" Katty O'Sheal " was played the same night, when Miss Nelson 
made her first appearance, acting Florence O'Connor. July 1 1 
" Margot, the Poultry Dealer," was seen. 

Margot Maggie Mitchell I Burgomaster . . . . J. H. Stoddart 

Count de Newburg . A. H. Davenport | Herman J. W. Collier 

" The Little Treasure " and " The Pet of the Petticoats " was 
seen July 13 ; July 18, for the benefit of Miss Mitchell, " Fanchon " 
was played, and the season closed July 19. 

For the season of 1862-63 the company was thus composed: Mr. 
and Mrs. Wm. R. Blake, Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Hind, Charles Wheat- 
leigh, Chas. Walcot, Jr., John T. Raymond, Walter Lennox, Stuart 
Robson, Mrs. Sedley Brown, Laura and Clara Leigh, Ada Clifton, 
Isabella Nickinson, Emma Taylor, Mary Everett, C. Peters, Bilby, 
B. A. Baker, Richardson, Lotty Hough, Mrs. F. S. Chanfrau, Mr. 
and Mrs. Owen Marlowe, Laura Keene, and lone Burke. The 



142 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE E1863 



season commenced Sept. 22, 1862, with " Old Heads and Young 
Hearts." Chas. Wheatleigh played Tom Coke ; W. R. Blake, Jessie 
Rural; Charles Walcot, Jr., Lyttleton Coke; Laura Keene, Lady 
Alice; Stuart Robson (first appearance in New York) as Bob. 
Sept. 24, John T. Raymond was seen as Tony Lumpkin, and W. R. 
Blake as Hardcastle, in " She Stoops to Conquer." Oct. 20, " No 
Rest for the Wicked," had its first performance in New York with 
this cast : 



Genet W. R. Blake Madame Bidant 

Fernand .... Chas. Walcot, Jr. Mrs. Robertson (Brougham) 

Pomaire Stuart Robson Madame Clarie Genet . Laura Leigh 

Courtaine .... J. H. Stoddart Montar Walter Lennox 

Castelle Owen Marlowe Antoine Charles Peters 

Mme. Fernand . . . Laura Keene 

Nov. 12, " Rachel the Reaper," was acted at this theatre, Charles 
Wheatleigh resuming his original character of Corporal Patrick. 
Laura Keene as Rachel, and the remaining characters were distrib- 
uted as follows : Mr. Hathorne, J. H. Stoddart ; Robert Hathorne, 
H. F. Daly; Paddy, John T. Raymond; Dick Hickman, Milnes 
Levick ; Dame Hathorne, Mrs. Robertson ; and Rose Mayfield, lone 
Burke. Nov. 17, 18, 19, "No Rest for the Wicked" was repeated; 
Nov. 20 and 21 "Masks and Faces" was presented; Nov. 22 and 
24 the house was closed for rehearsal, and Nov. 25 an extravaganza 
entitled " Blondette, or the Naughty Prince and the Pretty Peasant " 
was seen with this cast : 



Lubln . . . 

Cainbille . . 

Trufio . . . 

King Merlin . 

Prince Merlin . 



John T. Raymond 
Walter Lennox 
Stuart Robson 
J. H. Stoddart 

. . Emma Taylor 



Blondette 
Uria . . 
Rosette . 
Mignonette 
Rampage 



Mrs. Sedley Brown 

Isabella Nickinson 

Mrs. J. H. Stoddart 

. . . lone Burke 

. Mrs. Robertson 



Jan. 4, 1863, Mrs. John Wood appeared here as Victoire in 
"The Invincibles," and Jenny Leatherlungs in "Jenny Lind at 
Last; " Jan. 11, in " The Pride of the Market" and " Betsy Baker; " 
Jan. 26, in " The Pet of the Petticoats " and " Mr. and Mrs. White." 
Jan. 30 Mrs. Wood took a benefit in " The Pride of the Market " 
and "A Loan of a Lover." During the week commencing Feb. 
2, " The Invincibles " and " A Loan of a Lover " formed the bill, 
and Feb. 9, the Planch^ extravaganza " The Fair One with the 
Golden Locks " was produced, with Mrs. Wood in the three parts 
of Lucidora, Pitchin, and the Original Jacobs. Chas. Walcot played 
King Lachrymoso, and Galiform was acted by the giant Col. 
Goshen. Mrs. John Wood closed March 14, and March 16 Laura 
Keene returned, and commenced a series of farewell appearances, 
prior to her withdrawal from the management of this house. The 
engagements of John T. Raymond and Walter Lennox had been 
abruptly terminated. 



1863] 



LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 



143 



An original drama, written expressly for Laura Keene, entitled 
" Jessy McLane " was produced March 23 with this cast : 



John McLane . 
Arthur Marsden 
Mrs. Gimp . . 
Marker . . . 
Martin . . . 



Chas. Wheatleigh 
. Chas. Walcot Jr. 
Isabella Nickinson 
. . Charles Peters 
. . Milnes Levick 



Doctor J. H. Stoddart 

Jessy McLane .... Laura Keene 
Polly Wright . . . Mrs. Robertson 
Betsy Brown lone Burke 



April 6 "Bantry Bay, or Ireland in 1798 "was presented cast 
thus: 



Billy Bluff W. R. Blake 

Bryce Farley . . . Chas. Wheatleigh 

Maurice Milnes Levick 

Nellie O'Donohue . . Laura Keene 



Fennie Dorgan . Isabella Nickinson 

Phadrig Chas. Peters 

Judith Mrs. Rouse 

Mr. Hammond . . . . H. F. Daly 



This was a new version of the play known as " St. Mary's Eve." 
W. R. Blake took his farewell benefit April 16, and made his last 
appearance on the New York stage as Sir Anthony Absolute in 
"The Rivals," and Geoffry Dale in "The Last Man." April 29 
" Our American Cousin " and " Our Gal " were seen for the benefit 
of Milnes Levick. The theatre was closed April 28 and 29. From 
April 30 until May 2 " Our American Cousin " was acted, and May 
4 a new burlesque, entitled " Tib, or Our Cat in Crinoline," was 
produced with this cast : 

Tib Laura Keene Molkees Wm. Rouse 

Frederick H. F. Daly Alice Laura Leigh 

Christian .... Stuart Robson The Donkey 7 j^j^g Burke 

Hans Chas. Peters Jenny J 

Duke Chas. Walcot Titania .... Isabella Nickinson 

Fritz J. H. Stoddart Oberon Miss Tyrrell 

May 8 marked the close of the season and of Laura Keene's man- 
agement. " Second Love " and "Nature and Art" formed the bill 
of the night. For her benefit May 9 Matilda Heron appeared for 
the first time in " Phaedra " (first time in English), with this cast : 



Phsedra . 

Theseus 

Aricia 



.Matilda Heron 

. . T. E. Mills 

Mrs. Clara Leigh 



Hippolytus J. H. Allen 

Obereve Mrs. T. J. Hind 



The third and fourth acts of " The Merchant of Venice " followed, 
with Daniel E. Bandmann as Shylock, George Becks as Gratiano, 
Owen Marlowe as Bassanio, T. E. Mills as Antonio, and Matilda 
Heron as Portia (first time). Isabel Cubas, the Spanish danseuse, 
was seen, and " The Spectre Bridegroom " was the afterpiece. 

Laura Keene seemed to have lost her hold upon the New York 
public. The war excitement had unsettled theatrical matters as well 
as every other branch of business. But from the first there had 
been no settled line of policy at Laura Keene's ; all sorts of plays 
had been given, and the random playgoer never knew just what to 



144 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE L1S63 

expect. Shakespearean comedy, domestic drama, comic opera, and 
burlesque were jumbled together as if the hand that controlled the 
affairs of the house had been swayed by a capricious fancy. As for 
Laura Keene herself, she would undoubtedly have been a better 
artist if she had confined herself to a more limited field. The record 
of the theatre during Laura Keene's management is remarkable. 
Many players who have since won lasting fame wherever the English 
spoken drama has supporters played under her management, among 
whom were: Charles Couldock, Harry Perry, Thos. B. Johnston, 
James S. Browne, Chas. Walcot, Joseph Jefferson, Edward A. 
Sothern, John T. Raymond, Milnes Levick, Stuart Robson, Frank 
C. Bangs, Effie Germon, lone Burke, Ben G. Rogers, Walter Lennox, 
Charlotte Thompson, Eliza Couldock, and Rose Eytinge. During 
her managerial career Miss Keene determined to introduce the 
English style of running pieces for weeks, and possibly months — 
a custom then unknown to the American stage. The idea was 
derided by other managers. She, however, was successful, and the 
completeness of detail as regards scenic mounting and costuming 
as well as acting seen at this theatre was due solely to her persist- 
ent efforts. She died at Montclair, N. J., Nov. 4, 1873, aged forty- 
three years. Her last appearance was at Tidioute, Pa., July 4, 1873, 
while with her own travelling company, as Mrs. Chillington and 
Jane Chatterley, in " The Morning Call" and " The Stage Struck 
Barber." 

It is a part of our national history that Laura Keene was acting 
Florence Trenchard in " Our American Cousin," at the National 
Theatre, Washington, D. C, the night Abraham Lincoln was assas- 
sinated in one of the stage boxes of that house, April 14, 1865. 
Laura Keene came to America in 1852, and opened at Wallack's 
Theatre, Broadway and Broome Street. Some time in January, 1854, 
she left the theatre, and went with John Lutz to California. Some 
months afterwards intelligence reached her of her husband's death, 
and she gave Mr. Lutz her hand in marriage. She was unques- 
tionably the most refined and finished of the English-speaking 
actresses of her time. In appearance she bore a strong resem- 
blance to Sarah Bernhardt, possessing the same elegance and grace, 
the same nose, so touched with character, and the same wealth of 
hair, crowded in golden sheaves around her head. She had, too, 
strange to say, many of Mile. Bernhardt's peculiarities, especially 
the flutter of the eyelids, which is peculiarly French. Without being 
a person of high mental power, she was one of very agreeable 
presence and of great buoyancy and elasticity of temperament — 
such a person as you would call a woman of cleverness, rather than a 
woman of genius. When Laura Keene played Camille, the lightness 
of her movements and grace of her appearance, made us admire the 
sinful Camille. At the time of her demise she was so terribly ema- 



1867: LAURA KEENE'S VARIETIES 1 45 

ciated that her most intimate friends would not have recognized her. 
Being painfully aware of that fact, she made a particular request, just 
before her death, that her funeral should be strictly private, and that 
no notice of her demise should be given to the newspapers until just 
before her funeral, so that her theatrical friends might not know of her 
death until she had been buried. On the morning of Nov. 7, about 
the hour of nine, a hearse and one carriage drove up to the little cot- 
tage on the outskirts of the town of Montclair, whence her spirit had 
winged its flight. The undertaker and his assistants bore the coffin 
to the hearse. Laura Keene's two daughters, accompanied by two 
friends, entered the carriage, and followed the remains to the little 
Catholic church. After the coffin had been deposited in front of 
the altar, and the few mourners had seated themselves, Father Joslin 
said a requiem mass, after which the remains were buried. 

No braver, steadier, abler soldier ever battled in the ranks of art 
than Laura Keene ; no captain ever planned better or labored more 
perseveringly or with more success. Her inflexible energy and per- 
severance had few equals in any walk of life. It is a fact, not 
heretofore published, that she declined a public testimonial headed 
by General Sherman, purely from a self-sacrificing sensibility. 

The following tribute to this lady I published in The New York 
Clipper November loth, 1873 : 

" Obituary. — In the death of Laura Keene there is a befitting occasion for a 
tribute of mournful respect. It is, indeed, difficult to realize the solemn fact that 
this lady is now so early numbered among the silent dead. She, who in life was 
so cheerful, and whose benign influence shed such a kindly radiance round the 
social circle, winning all hearts by her genial qualities, alas ! now ' sleeps the 
sleep that knows no waking.' Well may the monarch of the tomb defer his 
impartial work for a season, and recline beneath the laurels he has won, for he 
has robbed the stage of one of its brightest and most valued jewels, the profes- 
sion of one of its most sparkling gems. Hers was no ordinary character. She 
was gifted with a nature exquisitely rare and gentle of unusual delicacy and cul- 
tivation, to which were added the graces of a meek and quiet spirit. She 
possessed a character of mind peculiar from the many, in that it was always stern 
and inflexible for the right, unwavering and jealous of the prospects of the suc- 
cess of whatever she might be engaged in. It is only those who knew her well 
and intimately that could estimate and properly appreciate her. The world 
generally supposes that goodness is more frequently extolled and appreciated in 
the dead than in the living. In one sense ttiis is true, because we do not fully 
and plainly see the many noble and generous traits in the character and lives of 
our friends until they are taken from us. Laura Keene was a woman of fine 
person and superior conversational powers. Her intercourse was full of dignity, 
and remarkable for its constant display of intelligence, good sense, and judgment. 
She was animated, witty, and agreeable. She well understood matters of business, 
and upon questions of conduct, the line of rectitude, and the adaptation of the 
best means to the highest ends, she was expert. Indeed, her solid qualities and 
knowledge of the perfect workings of the stage equaled those of any other living 
professional. Her wisdom was not greater than her energy and tenacity of 
purpose. She was so strict in business, so decided and so candid with every one, 
that she could never be misunderstood.. The charms of mind and her firmness 

VOL. II. — 10 



146 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1863 

of purpose were crowned by a love of justice, and made acceptable by that 
nobleness and disinterestedness which ran throughout all her actions. As an 
actress, Laura Keene was possessed of great talent. Her voice was remarkably 
plaintive, yet capable of all the firmness and exertion which the intrepidity of 
fortitude or the impulse of sudden rage demands. Her eye was remarkably 
effective, her brow capable of disdain, or of dilating with the emotions of 
sympathy or pity. So entirely was she mistress of her art, so collected, and so 
determined in her gestures, tone, and manner, that she seldom erred. When she 
first appeared in this city, she soon was acknowledged as one of the most finished 
actresses that ever trod the boards. She was great in all her parts, and in her 
readings, perfect. Her natural talents were enhanced by diligent study. She 
not only comprehended, but she knew all the parts she undertook. She knew 
the old comedies and standard plays so thoroughly as to be enabled to prompt 
any one on the stage who needed momentary assistance. Her comedy was 
richly imbued with the essence which constitutes the principal charm of this 
delightful department of the drama. It would be difficult to select any one or 
two parts as being superior to others in the long range of characters she assumed; 
many, before considered unimportant, she elevated into respectability by the 
mere force of her acting. Her conceptions required not the fostering hand of 
study; they were not as the flower that grows in the dull earth, and matures by 
parts; they, indeed, owned a richer soil, and, while you looked, the peerless 
flower was up, consummate in the birth. Her style was different from that of 
other actresses — it was marked by a noble simplicity, of that chaste and quiet 
character which, although critically correct, was neither cold nor artificial, dis- 
daining for the sake of mere effect to sacrifice sense and outrage propriety. Her 
personations were rich, buoyant, and racy — never overstepping the modesty of 
nature, yet strongly drawn — and marked as being entirely separate and char- 
acteristic portraits, and with an entire absence of mannerism." 

JANE ENGLISH'S THEATRE. 

MRS. JANE ENGLISH, the mother of Lucille and Helen 
Western, next rented this house for a summer season, which 
began May 11, 1863; and among her attractions were the St. 
Dennis troupe, Alex. Zanfretta, Mile. Rosita, Signors Agouste, 
Caron, Alexander, and Montevari, and Miles. Hortense, Donetti, 
Louise and Josephine, the child Angelo, August Muller, viohnist, 
and Mile. Zoe, and subsequently the Milner operatic company. 

A dramatic company, with Mr. and Mrs. Chapman, was added to 
the attraction May 25, by Mrs. English. John Duff, the well-known 
restaurateur, then became the lessee, and, after spending considera- 
ble money in decorating the interior, as well as in many improve- 
ments behind the curtain, the theatre was reopened Oct. 8, 1863, 
under the management of Mrs. John Wood. 

MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC, 

MRS. WOOD'S first company at her Olympic Theatre was com- 
posed of the following persons: Wm. Davidge, Sr., George 
Jamison, J. H. Stoddart, H. B. Phillips, George Becks, Thomas 
Owens, Frank Rea, G. H. Clarke, Charles Wyndham, C. T. Parsloe, 



1863] 



MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 



147 



Jr., J. Hurley, Gledhill, Evans, Jones, Williams, Shields, Dale, Wells, 
Brogan, Taylor, Bruciani, and Charles Walcot; Mrs. John Wood, 
Mrs. Sedley Brown, Mrs. Wilkinson, Mrs. Walcot, Mrs. Frank Rea, 
Viola Plunkett Grattan, Adele Plunkett Grattan, Elsie Folsom, 
Louisa Carman, Jennie Walters, Morton, Elinore, Gilmer, Evans, 
Lloyd, A. Henrie, M. Henrie, Prestige, Augustin, Harris, and Jack- 
son. John H. Selwyn was stage manager and Thomas Baker musi- 
cal director. 

The season opened Oct. 8, 1863, with " Married Daughters" and 
" Brothers and Sisters." This was the first performance of " Married 
Daughters," and it was cast as follows : 



Mr. Gadbury . 
Mathew Fagg . 
Digby Spooner 
Alfred Vail . . 
Wee .... 
Mrs. Carey . . 
Mrs. Fagg . . 



. . Geo. Jamison 
Wm. Davidge, Sr. 
. . . Geo. Becks 
. . G. H. Clarke 
. C. T. Parsloe Jr. 
. Mrs. Wilkinson 
Jennie Walters 



Mrs. Spooner 
Anna . . . 
Sophia . . 
Jane . . . 
Mary . . . 
Mrs. Dander 



Louisa Carman 

Miss V. P. Grattan 

Miss A. P. Grattan 

. . Miss Morton 

. Mrs. Frank Rea 

. . Mrs. Wilmot 



Mrs. John Wood acted Rosanthe, in the burletta of " Brothers and 
Sisters," 

Charles Wyndham, when he first came to this country, entered 
the Union army. After a brief military service, he came North, and 
was engaged at this theatre, but was discharged after the first week 
for incompetency. He then returned to the army, and remained 
until 1865, when he went back to England and reappeared on the 
stage. He was present at the battles of Chancellorsville, Fredericks- 
burg, Gettysburg, and all through the Red River campaign, under 
General Banks. He reappeared in America, at Wallack's Theatre, 
where he was for one season, after which he organized, and travelled 
as manager with, one of the first dramatic combinations on the road. 
It consisted of John Parselle, J. H. Fitzpatrick, Belvil Ryan, George 
Giddens and wife (Sydney Cowell), Florence Cowell, Margaret Young, 
and Anne Goodall. 

Oct. 19, 1863, "Pocahontas" was revived, and the farce "My 
Preserver " was acted for the first time in America, cast as follows : 



Philips Mr. Evans 

Enoch Malable . . . J. H. Stoddart 

Dolly Mrs. Frank Rea 

Mrs. Banter .... Miss Harris 
Miss Banter .... Miss Carman 



Estelle Fitzwater . . Mrs. John Sloan 
Mary Walker (first appearance here) 

Mrs. Sedley Brown 

Wm. Bury G. H. Clarke 

Dr. Pulford .... Thos. Owens 
Bilberry Geo. Jamison 

Nov. I, "Miles O'Reilly," a local absurdity, by Chas. Walcot, Jr., 
was acted for the first time. On Nov. 9 Byron's burlesque, " The 
Motto, I Am All There," was acted for the first time in America. 
It was cast thus : 



148 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [1864 



Henri Lagadere . 
Duke Gonzagues . 
Duke de Nevers . 
Elderly Gypsy Party 
Carricicfergus 



Mrs. John Wood 

. G. H. Clarke 

N. C. Lapaugh 

. . Frank Rea 

Miss Harris 



Regent Jennie Walters 

jEsop C. T. Parsloe Jr. 

Blanche .... Mrs. Sedley Brown 

Pepita Mrs. Frank Rea 

Princess Wm. Davidge 



On the same night Geo. Jamison's one act comedietta, " There 
Is No Such Word As Fail," was acted. Geo. Jamison played the 
Irishman, Arthur Fitzheron. After a long absence, Lotty Hough 
appeared Nov. 30, as Mehitable Ann in "The Yankee Legacy." 
Dec. 7, 1863, " As You Sow, So You Reap" was acted for the first 
appearance of John Dyott. Dec. 28 "Camilla's Husband" was 
played for the first time in America, and the cast was as follows : 



Sir Philip Hailstone . . Geo. Jamison 
Captain Shrimpton . . G. H. Clarke 
Maurice Warner (his first 

appearance) . . . J. K. Mortimer 
Lady Camilla Hailstone, Mrs. John Wood 
Miss Placida Poyntz . . Mrs. Howard 

Chas. Mathew's farce, "A Bull in a China Shop," was given for 
the first time in America Jan. 11, 1864, and with this cast : 



Lady Roseville 
Major Lumley . 
Hyacinth Jonquil 
Dogbrier . , 
Sloeberry . . 
Red Judy . . 



. Jennie de Lacey 
. N. C. Lapaugh 
. . .Geo. Becks 
Wm. Davidge, Sr. 
. Jennie Walters 
. . Miss Harris 



Mr. Bagshot . . . J. K. Mortimer 
Bellamy Brownsjohn . J. H. Stoddart 
Emily Tipthorpe . . Mrs. John Sloan 
Lucy Tipthorpe . . Jennie de Lacey 
Arabella Fitzkensington Miss Harris 



Mr. Tipthorpe . . Wm. Davidge, Sr. 

Mr. Flitter George Becks 

Mr. Piper T. Owens 

Susan Jennie Walters 



Mrs. John Wood appeared the same evening as Cousin Cherry in 
the farce of that name. Jan. 18 Frank Drew made his reappearance 
in this city in Byron's burlesque, " Mazeppa," acting the title 
r61e, while Mrs. John Wood played Olinska. Feb. 8 Byron's 
burlesque " 111 Treated II Trovatore " was seen for the first time in 
America, with this cast : 



Manrico Mrs. John Wood 

Azucena Frank Drew 

Count di Luna . . Wm. Davidge, Sr. 
Ferrando . . . . N. C. Lapaugh 



The Kinchin . . C. T. Parsloe, Jr. 

Ruiz Mr. Walton 

Leonora .... Mrs. Sedley Brown 
Inez Miss Harris 



Henrietta Irving made her first appearance on this occasion, acting 
the Duchess De Chartres in "The Follies of a Night; " Feb. 15 
the farce " A Curious Case " and " The Pride of the Market " were 
acted. Feb. 24, for the benefit of the U. S. Sanitary commission, 
" The Pride of the Market " and " 111 Treated II Trovatore " were 
repeated. 

" Taming a Butterfly " was acted for the first time on any stage 
Feb. 25. It was an adaptation from the French, by Aug. Daly and 
Frank Wood. It was cast as follows : 



i864ll 



MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 



149 



Constance . 


. . Henrietta Irving 


Finette . . 


. Mrs. Sedley Brown 


Elodie . . 


. . Jennie Walters 


Angelique . 


. . Amelia Harris 


Mignonne . 


. . Fanny Prestige 



Beau Beau-jolais . . . Frank Drew 

Dandrey J. K. Mortimer 

Riverol G. H. Clarke 

Morlac J. H. Stoddart 

Polydore .... Wm. Davidge, Sr. 
Jacmthe Mrs. John Wood 

"Leap Year," was given March 21. "Our Wife" was produced 
April II. J. Maddison Morton was the author. The cast was : 

Rosine (first appearance Count de Brissac . . J. K. Mortimer 

in New York) . Mrs. E. C. Winter Marquis de Ligny . . G. H. Clarke 

Mariette . . . Mrs. Sedley Brown Pomaret J. H. Stoddart 

Mrs. Winter was the wife of William Winter, the dramatic editor 
of The New York Tribune. " Loyalina, or Brigadier General For- 
tunio and His Seven Gifted Servants," dramatized by A. Oakey 
Hall, was seen for the first time here April 1 1 and had this cast : 



Princess Vindicta . . . Miss Harris 

Florida Mrs. Young 

Lightfoot ... C. T. Parsloe, Jr. 

Strongback Mr. Neel 

Boisterer . . . Harold Forsburg 

Gourmand Mr. Boys 

Sharpshooter .... Mr. Edwards 
'Fineear Mr. Hill 



Ex-Alderman Gotham Thomas Owens 
Loyalina and Fortunio Mrs. John Wood 
Emperor Shoddy . Wm. Davidge, Sr. 
Princess Violante (first appear- 
ance here) . . Mrs. G. F. Browne 

Pertina Mrs. Grener 

Flirtina Jennie Walters 

Fairy Mrs. Sedley Brown 

King Alwayryle . . . Frank Drew 

April 23, 1864, being the three hundredth anniversary of the birth 
of Shakespeare, the occasion was duly celebrated at all the theatres. 
The foundation stone of the Central Park statue in honor of Shake- 
speare was laid by James H. Hackett, appropriate addresses being 
delivered by Judge Charles P. Daly, Mayor Gunther, William 
Wheatley, and others. Mrs. Sedley Brown's benefit (this lady is 
now known as Mrs. Sol Smith) took place May 11. May 23 " Paul's 
Return," Watts Phillips' play, was given for the first time in America 
with this cast : 



Paul Goldsworthy . . Charles Barron 
Richard Goldsworthy George Jamison 
Beatrice Goldsworthy Henrietta Irving 
Blanche Wilton . Mrs. Sedley Brown 
Mrs. Clampit . . . Isabella Preston 
Mrs. Geoflfrey Goldsworthy 

Miss Walters 



Geoffirey T. Owens 

Abel Honeydew . . . J. H. Stoddart 
Howard Flintskin .... Mr. Berry 

Herbert G. H. Clarke 

Beeswing Mr. Bruciani 

Zenobia Mrs. Vining 



" Aladdin " was revived June 6, and ran until the season closed 
July 2. Mrs. John Wood played the title role ; William Davidge 
was the magician ; J. H. Stoddart, the Widow ; and Miss Walters, 
the Princess. Annetta Galetti, danseuse, and Mons. Tophoff were 
added to the spectacle June 13. 



150 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1864 

A summer season commenced July 4, with the following English 
opera company : Mme. Comte-Borchard, Louisa Myers, Mrs. M. E. 
Burroughs, S. C. Campbell, Walter Birch, J. W. Neil, William Castle, 
Warren White, and J. Clark. Antony Reiff was the conductor. 
" Maritana" was the opening opera, followed by " Fra Diavolo," " The 
Bohemian Girl," and July 27 " Rose of Castile," for the first time 
given in its entirety, the following being the original cast in this 
country : 



Elvira . . . Mme. Comte-Borchard 
Don Florio (his first appear- 
ance in opera) . . . W. H. Leak 
Donna Cormon . . . Louisa Myers 
Beatrice . . . Mrs. M. E. Burroughs 



Manuel Wm. Castle 

Don Pedro . . . . S. C. Campbell 
Don Fallust .... Walter Birch 
Pablo J. Clark 



The season terminated July 30, 1864. 

The season 1864- 5 commenced Sept. 5, with the following com- 
pany: J. K. Mortimer, J. H. Stoddart, W. Holston, Edward Lamb, 
C. T. Parsloe, Jr., T. B. Berry, A. Odell, Wm. Davidge, B. T. Ring- 
gold, C. H. Rockwell, Thomas J. Hind, Peck, Mrs. G. H. Gilbert, 
Mrs. John Wood, Eliza Newton, Henrietta Irving, Amelia Harris, 
Louisa Myers, E. Couran, Gorilla Young, and Gilmer. Craven's 
drama, " Miriam's Crime," was the opening play, cast thus : 



Bernard B. T. Ringgold 

Biles (first appearance 

in America) .... W. Holston 
Miriam Henrietta Irving 



Mrs. Raby Amelia Harris 

Huffin T. J. Hind 

Scumley J. H. Stoddart 



" A Comical Countess" was the afterpiece, with this cast : 

Chevalier de Vilbrac J. K. Mortimer I Countess L'Espalier . Mrs. John Wood 
Baron De Bergonce . . J. H. Stoddart | 

Sept. 12, " Jenny Lind at Last," followed Sept. 19 with " Finesse," 
a comedy written by the Countess of Giffard, better known as Lady 
Duflferin, granddaughter of Richard Brinsley Sheridan. The cast 
was : 



Baroness (her first appearance 

in New York) . Mrs. G. H. Gilbert 
Laura Brandon . . Miss E. Couran 
Captain Mortimer . . T. B. Berry 
Baron J. H. Stoddart 



Dr. Bertrant . . . . J. H. Selwyn 
John Poppleton . . . Edw. Lamb 

Jules B. T. Ringgold 

St. Clair T. J. Hind 

Fillippi C. H. Rockwell 



"Martin Chuzzlewit," a dramatization by Stephen Fiske from 
Dickens' novel, was given for the first time in America Sept. 26. 
The cast was as follows : 



i86s: 



MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 



151 



Old Martin Chuzzlewit 

Wm. Davidge, Sr. 
Young Martin Chuzzlewit 

B. T. Ringgold 
Jonas Chuzzlewit . . Humphrey Bland 
Anthony Chuzzlewit . . . Mr. Peck 
George Chuzzlewit . . C. P. Ashley 
Montague Tigg . . J. K. Mortimer 
Master Bailey . . . Mrs. John Wood 
Mrs. Ned Chuzzlewit Mrs. R. Adams 
Sairey Gamp . . Mrs. G. H. Gilbert 
John Westlock . . C. H. Rockwell 
Augustus Mobble . . J. H. Selwyn 
Pecksniff .... J. H. Stoddart 

Oct 31 Eliza Newton made her first appearance in America, as 
Helen in the comedietta of " Marguerite's Colors." Nov. 2 the 
opera " The Rose of Castile," and " Middy Ashore," were given. 
Nov. 8 " Time Works Wonders " was acted for the first time in this 
theatre. The cast was : 



Tom Pinch . 
Chivy Slyme 
Mark Tapley 
Spottletoe . 
Gandere . . 
Jenkins . . 
Mary Graham 
Mercy . . 
Charity . . 
Ruth Pinch . 
Mrs. Lupin . 
Mrs. Spottletoe 
Mrs. Todgers 
Betsy Prig . 



. T. J. Hind 

T. B. Berry 

E. Lamb 

. Mr. Gillett 

. C. Nelson 

. Mr. Otis 

Miss E. Couran 

Henrietta Irving 

Amelia Harris 

Miss Hendricks 

. Gorilla Young 

. Miss Elliott 

Miss Mowbray 

C. T. Parsloe, Jr. 



Florentine . 
Bessy Tulip 
Chicken . . 
Miss Tucker 
Goldthumb . 
Bantam . . 
Clive t. . . 



. Henrietta Irving 
. . Eliza Newton 
. . Louisa Myers 
Mrs. G. H. Gilbert 
. J. H. Stoddart 
. . . E. Lamb 
. . . Mr. Berry 



Jugby .... 
Mrs. Goldthumb . 
Sir Gilbert Norman 
Clarence Norman . 
Felix Goldthumb . 
Professor Truffles . 



C. T. Parsloe, Jr. 
Amelia Harris 
. Thomas G. Hind 
. B. T. Ringgold 
. J. K. Mortimer 
Wm. Davidge, Sr. 



"Court Cards" was acted, for the first time here, Nov. 15, and 
the cast was the following : 



Dowager Duchess of Altenfels 

Mrs. G. H. Gilbert 
Princess Amelia . . Henrietta Irving 
Herminie von Waldeck Eliza Newton 



"Milky White," a 
acted Nov. 21. 



Prince Max . . . 
Baron von Babbelberg 
Conrad von Rosenthal 



Mr. Ringgold 
Mr. Stoddart 
Mr. Mortimer 



two-act drama, by H. T. Craven, was first 



Daniel White . 
Dicky Dugs 
Archibald Good 



. . W. Holston 

C. T. Parsloe, Jr. 

. . T. B. Berry 



Mrs. Sadrip 
Anne White 



Mrs. 



G. H. Gilbert 
Louisa Myers 



Mrs. John Wood appeared Nov. 28, as the Marquis St. George in 
the comedietta, by John Sefton, entitled " St. George and the 
Dragon." Dec. 12 "The Streets of New York" was revived, and 
ran until April i, 1865. April 3 a benefit was tendered to Mrs. John 
Wood, when she appeared as Lady Gay Spanker in "London 
Assurance." April 7 " The Honeymoon " was acted for the benefit of 
J. H. Selwyn. Chas. H. Morton made his debut as Duke Aranza. 
The theatre was closed from April 1 5 to April 26, in consequence of 
the assassination of President Lincoln. It reopened April 26, with 
the spectacular extravaganza, " The Sleeping Beauty in the Wood," 
with the following cast : 



152 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [ises 



Thomas, King of Noland, Harry Pearson 



Princess Isabelle 
Factotum . . 
Teetotum . . 
Larry O'Log 
Colin Clump 
Queen Serena . 
Fairy Antidota 
Dewdrop . . 



Mrs. John Wood 
Wm. Davidge, Sr. 
C. T. Parsloe, Jr. 
. . £. Lamb 
. . E. Gillett 
Miss Mowbray 
. Corilla Young 
Miss Hendricks 



Lady Abigail 
Gossamer . 
Eleganta 
Rosebud . . 
Philamel 
Choramusica 
Baneful . . 
Prince Perfect 



Louisa Myers 

Miss Elliott 

Louisa Miller 

. Miss Lord 

Miss Busteed 

Annie Wood 

Amelia Harris 

Eliza Newton 



Lucia Deane, a young lady from Philadelphia, made her first 
appearance on the stage May 22, acting Kate O'Brien in " Perfec- 
tion." The theatre was closed June 20, and reopened June 22, with a 
revival of " Jessie Brown," cast as follows : 



Nana Sahib . . . . C. H. Morton 
Randal McGregor . J. K. Mortimer 
Geordie (his first appearance) 

G. W. Garrison 
Rev. David Blount . . J. H. Stoddart 
Sweeny H. Pearson 



Cassidy . . . 
Achmet . . . 
Jessie Brown . 
Amy Campbell 
Alice . . . . 
Mary . . . . 



E. Lamb 

T. B. Berry 

Eliza Newton 

Lucia Deane 

Louisa Myers 

Miss Hendricks 



" Jessie Brown '' ran until the close of the season, July 8, and the 
house remained dark for the summer months. 

Mrs. John Wood commenced the third and last season of her 
management Sept. 14, 1865, with the following company: J. K. Mor- 
timer, J. H. Stoddart, James Lewis, G. W. Garrison, Harry Pearson, 
C. H. Morton, T. J. Hind, C. H. Rockwell, J. Blake, E. Gillett, 
G. F. Kenway, and Mr. Peck, Mrs. John Wood, Mrs. G. H. Gilbert, 
Kate Newton, Eliza Newton, Louisa Myers, Amelia Harris, Lucia 
Deane, Emma Hendricks, Lee, Warren, Sinclair, Fox, and Smith. 
John H. Selwyn was stage manager; Thomas Baker, musical 
conductor; James Hayes, scenic artist. "The Captain of the 
Watch " and the burlesque " Pocahontas," was the initial programme, 
with Mrs. John Wood as Pocahontas, Eliza Newton as Captain John 
Smith, Harry Pearson as Powhattan, and Charles H. Morton as 
Mynheer Rolff. James M. Lewis made his first appearance in this 
city Sept. 18, as John Strong, in " Your Life 's in Danger." " London 
Assurance " was seen Sept. 25. Mrs. John Wood acted Lady Gay, 
and James Lewis, Dolly Spanker. Lucy Rushton made her Ameri- 
can debut Oct. 2, in a drama called " Lolah," cast as follows : 



Capt. Sternhold . . . . C. Morton 

Rattlin E. Gillett 

Splicer J. S. Brown 

Martin J. Peck 

Peter Pugnashus . . . . Jas. Lewis 
Miss Craven .... Lucy Rushton 

Lucy Miss M. Phelps 

Pololosko T. J. Hind 

Oranko G. F. Kenway 



Chiakee . . . 
Lieut. Osmond 
Mrs. Somerton 
Adele Craven . 
Lord Ravenscore 
Newell Bertam 
Godfrey Chattenbuck 
James . . . . \ . 



... J. Blake 

G. F. Fawcett 

Mrs. G. H. Gilbert 

. . Kate Newton 

. . Chas. Morton 

. C. H. Rockwell 

G. W. Garrison 

. . A. Odell 



iseen 



MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 



153 



It was a very bad play, and it was found advisable to change the bill, 
Oct. 9, to " As You Like It," when Miss Rushton played Rosalind, 
with C. Kemble Mason as Jaques. " The Streets of New York " 
was revived Oct. 12, with J. H. Stoddart as Adam Fairweather; 
T. J. Hind as Gideon ; J. K. Mortimer as Badger ; G. W. Garrison, 
Paul; C. H. Rockwell, Mark Livingston; Harry Pearson, Puffy; 
C. H. Morton, Dan ; James H. Budworth (his first appearance in 
New York in nine years), Bob; and Amelia Harris as Mrs. Puffy. 
Nov. 13 "The Sleeping Beauty" was revived, and the cast was as 
follows : Thomas, Chas. Peters ; Queen Serena, Mrs. G. H. Gilbert ; 
Baron, C. Morton; Nurse, Miss Sinclair; Fairy Baneful, Amelia 
Harris ; Princess Is-a-Belle, Mrs. John Wood ; Lady Aurora, Louisa 
Myers, and Larry O'Log, James Lewis. Mile. Augusta executed 
several dances. 

The first week in December " Monte Cristo " was acted with this 



cast: 

Edmond D antes . 
Andrea Benedetto 
M. De Boville 
Danglars 
Villefort . . 
Fernand . . 
Caderouse . 



E. L. Davenport 
. J. H. Selwyn 
C. H. Rockwell 
. C. H. Morton 
. . T. J. Hind 
G. W. Garrison 
. . Jas. Lewis 



Abbd Faria J. H. Stoddart 

Morell Mr. Scott 

Governor Mr. Stanley 

Albert Louisa Myers 

Mercedes Kate Newton 

Haydee Eliza Newton 



Giulietta Bronner and Elise Scott led the ballet, assisted by Cardella, 
Leon, and W. Conrad. Jan. 15, 1866, E. L. Davenport appeared as St. 
Marc, with J. B. Studley as Gismondo, and Kate Newton as Dianora. 
Mr. Davenport pjayed Sir Giles Overreach in " A New Way to Pay 
Old Debts," Jan. 25. "London Assurance " was presented Jan. 29, 
for the reappearance of Mrs. John Wood, after an absence of two 
months. It had this cast : 



Sir Harcourt . 
Max Harkaway 
Chas. Courtley . 
Dazzle . . . 
Lady Gay . . 



J. H. Stoddart 

. . T. J. Hind 

G. W. Garrison 

E. L. Davenport 

Mrs. John Wood 



Grace Harkaway . . . Eliza Newton 
Dolly Spanker .... James Lewis 
Mark Meddle . . . . C. H. Morton 

Cool C. H. Rockwell 

Pert Amelia Harris 



In consequence of severe indisposition, Mr. Davenport was unable 
to appear for several nights. 

Feb. 5, " Who Killed Cock Robin .' " was acted for the first time in 
America, with " Black Eyed Susan." In the comedy E. L. Daven- 
port played Jack Raggett, and Mrs. John Wood, Miss Satanella 
Tinkle ; E. L. Davenport played William and sang " A Yankee Ship 
and a Yankee Crew," and " Columbia the Pride of the Ocean," in the 
drama. Louisa Myers enacted Blue Peter and sang the ballad 
" Black Eyed Susan." Mrs. John Wood played Dolly Mayflower. 
Feb. 26, Geo. Fawcett Rowe first appeared in America, and played 
Sir Charles Coldstream, in " Used Up," and Clorinda, in the burlesque 



154 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Dses 



of " Cinderella e la Comare," Mrs. John Wood acting Cinderella. 
March 12 "Doing for the Best," by Lacy, was acted for the first 
time in America. Mr. Rowe was the Dick Stubbs ; Lewis, Bill 
Hawkins ; Mrs. Gilbert, Betsy Stubbs ; Alice Placide, Jane, and 
Louisa Myers, Emily. 

Geo. C. Davenport and Geo. C. Boniface appeared March 16, in 
" The Married Rake," for Kate Newton's benefit. " The Foundling," 
by C. H. Morton, was produced for his benefit March 21. Mr. Hols- 
ton, of Wallack's Theatre, played Biles, in " Miriam's Crime," Feb. 
23, for Eliza Newton's benefit. March 30, 1866, G. W. Garrison 
took a benefit, and presented, for the first time in New York, 
" Woodcock's Little Game," with Garrison as Mr. Woodcock, Amelia 
Harris, Mrs. Carver; H. L. Hinton, David; C. H. Morton, Adol- 
phus Swansdown ; Louisa Myers, Mrs. Woodcock, and Rockwell, 
Christopher Larkins. The burlesque " Cinderella " was also given. 
April 2, " The Three Guardsmen, or the Queen, the Cardinal, and 
the Adventurer," was produced with this cast : 



Anne of Austria, Mme. Methua Scheller 
Constance .... Mrs. John Wood 
Lady Winter .... Kate Newton 
D'Artagnan .... G. F. Rowe 
Athos J. B. Studley 



Porthos G. C. Boniface 

Aramis C. H. Rockwell 

Buckingham . . . . C. H. Morton 

Fouchet James Lewis 

De Treville .... Thomas J. Leigh 



" David Copperfield," dramatized from Dickens by George Fawcett 
Rowe, was given May 2 1 with this cast : 

David Copperfield 
Betsy Trotwood . 
Clara Peggotty 
Wilkins Micawber 



. G. W. Garrison 
Mrs. G. H. Gilbert 
. . Amelia Harris 



Steerforth . . 
Daniel Peggotty 
Ham .... 



G. F. Rowe Uriah Heap 



G. C. Boniface 
. J. B. Studley 
. C. H. Morton 

J. H. Stoddart 



May 28 another dramatization of Dickens by Rowe, entitled " Our 
Mutual Friend," was seen for the first time in America, and with 
this cast: 



Rokesmith (his first appear- Mrs. Wilfer . . 

ance here) . . J. W. Albaugh, Sr. Silas Wegg . . 

Lavinia (her first appearance) Reginald Wilfer 

Marie Glover Gaffer Hexham 

Nicodemus Bofiin . . J. H. Stoddart Mr. Venus . . 

Eugene Wrayburn . G. C. Boniface George Sampson 

Mortimer Lightgood . C. H. Rockwell Bella Wilfer. . 

Bradley Headstone . G. W. Garrison Lizzie Hexham 

Rogue Riderhood . . . J. B. Studley Mrs. BofSn . . 
Charley Hexham . . . Louisa Myers 

The last appearance of Mrs. John Wood at this house, and the 
closing night of her management, was June 30. The occasion was 
marked by the presentation by A. Oakey Hall, on the part of many 
admirers, of a splendid gold watch. Mrs. Wood was fairly embedded 



Mrs. G. H. Gilbert 
. . G. F. Rowe 
. . G. S. Karnes 
. . C. H. Morton 
. . . T. J. Hind 
. . . E. Gillett 
Mrs. John Wood 
. . Kate Newton 
Amelia Harris 



1866] 



MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 



^55 



in bouquets, and the whole occasion was one not easily to be for- 
gotten and fitly closed this lady's memorable reign at the Olympic 
Theatre. Mrs. John Wood was a very pretty woman, possessing a 
fine figure and an attractive face. Her style was excellent in every- 
thing she attempted. She read well, had a melodious voice, was 
affecting in pathetic scenes and lively in those of a cheerful character, 
was a graceful dancer, and, although her voice was not very strong, it 
was melodious and well cultivated. She possessed the artistic talent 
which satisfied every demand that could be made by the most rigid 
stickler for a high degree of merit in a theatrical artist. Mrs. Wood 
sailed for London June 30, 1866. Her first appearance in America 
was at the opening of the Boston Theatre, Sept. 1 1, 1854, as Gertrude 
in " A Loan of a Lover." 

Leonard Grover commenced a summer season here July 2 with 
" Aurora Floyd," which had this cast : 

Mrs. Archibald Floyd 

Mrs. Humphrey Bland 
Aurora Floyd .... Emily Jordan 
Archibald Floyd . . . A. W. Fenno 

" The Octoroon " was acted July 7 for the first time at this house. 
" The Ice Witch," by Buckstone, was produced July 23. Emma and 
Ada Webb and Mark Smith were specially engaged. " The Ice 
Witch's" cast was thus: 



John Mellish . 
Capt. Bulstrode 
Lieut. Walden . 
Grimstone . . 



Frank Lawlor 
. G. H. Clarke 
C. H. Rockwell 

E. T. Sinclair 



Dame Margery . . Mrs. Saunders 

Julia Ada Webb 

Lady UUa Emma Webb 

Elga Miss Bond 

Edda Miss Glover 

Finna Miss Powers 

Druda Kate Newton 

Hecia Therese Wood 

Preyr Alice Harrison 

Norno Georgie Telbin 

Solden ,. Miss Browne 

Telda Miss Carlysle 



Magnus Snora .... Mark Smith 

Harold G. H. Clarke 

GruthiofE J. M. Ward 

Tycho E. T. Sinclair 

Sweno J. E. Whiting 

Sterno Mr. Burke 

Runic J. T. Ward 

Edric Mr. Peck 

Ice Fiend > 
Polar Bear ) 

Luke Mr. Henderson 

Thrysa Mr. Mortimer 



Frank Foster 



The summer season closed Sept. i. 

The fall and winter season opened Sept. 3 with Leonard Grover 
as manager. The company consisted of J. H. Stoddart, Charles 
Peters, W. Barron, M. C. Daly, T. J. Hind, E. T. Sinclair, Mrs. 
Saunders, Kate Newton, and others. " Rip Van Winkle " was the 
opening attraction, with Joseph JeflFerson as Rip Van Winkle. " Our 
American Cousin " was revived Oct. 4, with Jefferson as Asa Trench- 
ard and Charles Vandenhoff (his first appearance in America) as 
Lord Dundreary. " The Cricket on the Hearth " was produced Oct. 
17, Jefferson as Caleb Plummer, Vandenhoff as John Perrybingle, 
and Blanche Gray as Bertha. This was her first appearance here. 



156 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1866 

" Woodcock's Little Game," Oct. 22, 23, 24, and 27, with " The Spit- 
fire," Jefferson as Tobias Shortcut. Jefferson terminated his engage- 
ment Oct. 27, and " Our American Cousin " was revived Oct. 29. 
Charles Wheatleigh played Asa Trenchard. Boucicault's drama, 
" The Long Strike," was acted for the first time in America Oct. 30, 
and with this cast : 



Noah Learo3rd . . Charles Wheatleigh 
Johnny ReiUey (his first appear- 
ance here) . . . McKee Rankin 
Gentleman from headquarters 

E. T. Sinclair 
Sir John Fairfield . . . Mr. Thomas 



Thorrock 

John O'Dick . 

James Staley . 
Richard Radley 
Mr. Aspinall 

Mr. Armitage . 

Mr. Brook . . 



Mr. Harmon 
Mr. Strasse 
Mr. Parshall 
Wm. Barron 
Mr. Kenway 
. T. J. Hind 
C. H. Burke 



Jem Starke . 
Crankshaw . 
Moneypenny 
Mr. Wigley . 
Mr. Spurrier 
Slack . . 
Capt. Wolfe 
Jack O'Bob . 
Tom O'Bill . 
Jane Leaioyd 
Maggie . . 
Susan . . 
Betsy . . . 



C. H 



J 



VandenhofE 

J. T. Ward 

. H. Stoddart 

John Moore 

Mr. Preston 

Alfred Becks 

Mr. Gillett 

M. C. Daly 

Mr. Peterson 

Kate Newton 

Georgie Telbin 

Alice Harrison 

Therese Wood 



Nov. 22 Robert Craig's burlesque, " Hamlet, or Wearing of the 
Black," with Stuart Robson and Amelia Harris as Hamlet and 
Ophelia ; Nov. 29 James M. Ward appeared in " Handy Andy." 
" The Bride of Lammermoor " was produced Dec. 10 under the title 
of "The Master of Ravenswood," with this cast: 



Edgar of Ravenswood 
Sir William Ashton . 
Capt. Douglas Ashton 
Hayston of Bucklaw, 
Captain Craiggelt . . 
Lucy Ashton ^er first 
ance here) . . . 
Caleb Balderstone 
Lady Ashton . . . 



George Jordan 

. T. J. Hind 

Wm. Barron 

C. H. Vandenhoff 

Stuart Robson 

appear- 

. Rose Eytinge 

J. H. Stoddart 

Caroline Carson 



Henry Ashton . . . Therese Wood 
Bide the Bent . . . . E. T. Sinclair 

Norman J. T. Ward 

Robert Mr- Kenway 

Ramsay J. M. Ward 

Murray J. Daly 

Melville C. H. Burke 

Alice Mrs. Saunders 

Mysie Florence Lee 



Trouble was anticipated on the appearance of Geo. Jordan, who 
had, in the earlier days of the war, associated himself in New Or- 
leans with an organization known as " The Cocktail Guards," which 
expressed open sympathy with the Rebels ; and for this reason it was 
feared that his reappearance in New York would be attended with 
disturbance, and so a force of police was held in attendance ; but the 
good sense of the people prevailed, and the services of the authorities 
were not called upon. The drama was handsomely mounted and 
well acted, but it was played to empty benches. Its failure was 
attributed to the fact of Jordan joining the Cocktail Guards. He 
returned to England, but revisited America with Miss Bateman. 
He died of apoplexy in his dressing-room in London, Eng. He was 
playing Pygmalion in "Pygmalion and Galatea," Nov. 15, 1873. 



1867] 



MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 



^S7 



The Cocktail Guards, about whom so much has been written, had 
this list of officers and other members : 



Rank 



Name 



Line 



Captain . . 
1st Lieutenant 
2d Lieutenant 
1st Sergeant . 
2d Sergeant . 
1st Corporal . 
2d Corporal . 
Surgeon . . 
Quartermaster 
Vivandiere . 



John E. Owens Low Comedy 

George Jordan Leading Business 

Mark Smith First Old Men 

E. Fenelon Utility 

A. H. Davenport Juvenile Business 

T. B. MacDonough .... Stage Manager 

M. W. Leffingwell .... Utility 

Dr. G. Collins Utility 

W. H. Leighton Utility 

Miss Francis Danseuse 



Privates. — W. H. Chippendale (treasurer), Oscar F. Amy (scene 
painter), L. Schoolcraft, L. Sharp, Paul Brillant (dancer), C. H. 
Morton, Alfred Howell, Frank Paige, Thomas Owens, W. H. Riley, 
W. A. Thomas, Carlo Patti, T. M. St. Clair, J. Biddies, R. McGuire, W. 
B. Douglas, J. M. Brucciani, Francis Lance, Harry Hawk, G. H. 
Wallack, D. F. Grove, Thos. M. Smith, Fred Maeder, T. Davey, John 
L. Phillips, J. Guerling, also very nearly all the scene shifters, 
musicians, and small people in the Varieties Theatre, New Orleans, La. 
During the secession excitement. New Orleans seems to have been 
infected with the fever, and, in anticipation of a brush with the 
North, military companies were organized in that city. January 21, 
1861, a meeting was held on the stage of John Owens' Varieties 
Theatre to form a military company for the purpose of taking up 
arms in the cause of secession. Mark Smith was chief spokesman, 
W. H. Chippendale was called to the chair, and T. B. MacDonough 
acted as secretary. After the proper discussion, they proceeded to 
elect officers, Mr. Smith insisting on a viva voce vote, so that there 
should be no skulking. The election resulted as stated above. 

The theatre was closed for rehearsal Dec. 24, and at a matinee, 
Dec. 25, " The Huguenot Captain " was first produced, with Charles 
Barron as Rene de Pardillon, Mr. Stoddart as Sergeant Locust. 
In the second act Young America, the pupil of Gabriel Ravel, ap- 
peared as Punchinello. E. de Mondion took a benefit Jan. 8, 1867, 
and appeared as Hamlet. A season of English opera commenced 
Jan. 14, with the Caroline Richings company as the stars. " Martha " 
was given for the first time here in English, and had this cast : 



Lady Henrietta . Caroline Richings 

Plunkett S.C.Campbell 

Nancy Mrs. E. Seguin 



Lionel W. Castle 

Tristan H. C. Peakes 

Sheriff W. Costello 



This was followed by "Maritana," " Fra Diavolo," "Don Pas- 
quale," " La Somnambula," " The Daughter of the Regiment," " The 
Rose of Castile " and " Linda di Chamounix." For her benefit, 



158 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisey 

Feb. I, Caroline Richings offered "The Blind Man's Daughter," one 
act of " Martha," and the Druid scene from " Norma." Peter Rich- 
ings appeared on this occasion. The season closed Feb. 2. 

A season of German opera opened Feb. 4, with the following 
artists : Mile. Elvira Naddi, Mile. Marie Frederici, Mile. Johann 
Rotter, Mile. Johannsen, and Herren Joseph Herrmans, Franz 
Himraer, Wilhelm Formes, Joseph Chandon, William Groschell, 
John Armand, Alphonse Urch, and Otto Lehman. Their repertory 
consisted of " William Tell," " Faust," " The Magic Flute," " The 
Marriage of Figaro," "Martha," "The Merry Wives of Windsor," 
" Tannhauser," " The Czar and Carpenter," " Der Freischiitz " and 
" Alessandro Stradella." Feb. 18 the dramatic season was resumed, 
with a revival of " The Streets of New York," with John K. Morti- 
mer as Badger. March 18 the Caroline Richings company re- 
turned for six weeks. Their repertory was : " The Bohemian Girl," 
" La Somnambula," " The Daughter of the Regiment," " Martha," 
"Doctor of Alcantara," " Fra Diavolo," "The Rose of Castile," 
" Linda," " Maritana," " The Crown Diamonds," and "The Enchant- 
ress." This last opera was given twelve times. W. S. Andrews, 
formerly of the Winter Garden Theatre, took a benefit April 26. 
The programme was : " Our American Cousin " and " Jenny 
Lind." 

For John Brougham's benefit, Aug. 30, " The Serious Family " 
and " Pocahontas," were played. The season closed Aug. 31, and 
Leonard Grover retired from the management. 

Jas. E. Hayes was announced as the new manager, but John A. 
Duff was in reality the director. The season opened Sept. 9, 1867, 
with Joseph Jefferson as Rip Van Winkle. Geo. L. Fox was stage 
manager, and Clifton W. Tayleure business manager. W. Davidge, 
J. J. Wallace, Harry Wall, Owen Marlowe, T. J. Hind, G. L. Fox, 
Willie Seymour, Mrs. Edmonds, the Misses McCormack, Alice 
Harrison, and Bessie Foote were in the opening play. For eight 
weeks "Rip Van Winkle" attracted crowded houses. 

" A Midsummer Night's Dream " was revived Oct. 28, with this 
cast: 



Lysander (his first appearance 

in New York) . . . Fred Franks 
Hermia (first appearance in 

New York) . . Mrs. J. J. Wallace 
Peasblossom (first appearance in 

New York) .... Clara Fisher 
Puck (first appearance in New York) 

Master Willie Young 
Singing Fairy . . . Alice Harrison 

Theseus Harry Wall 

Demetrius J. J. Wallace 

Egeus T. J. Hind 



Philostrate E. T. Sinclair 

Hippolyta . . . Mrs. C. Edmonds 
Helena .... Louise Hawthorne 

Oberon Fanny Stockton 

Titania .... Cornelia JeflFerson 

Bottom G. L. Fox 

Quince W. Davidge, Sr. 

Snug C. K. Fox 

Flute Owen Marlowe 

Snout Mark Quinlan 

Starveling .... J. B. Howland 



18683 MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 159 

Dec. 15 Rosa Cooke played Oberon. The play ran until Feb. i, 
1868, having been represented one hundred consecutive times. 
Feb. 3 Maggie Mitchell appeared, supported by James W. Collier. 

This house was closed March 9, for rehearsal of " Humpty 
Dumpty," produced for the first time March 10. It was in seven- 
teen scenes, and engaged sixty persons. The opening burlesque 
prologue was written by A. Oakey Hall. In it Alice Harrison per- 
sonated Burlesque ; Mrs. C. Edmonds, Romance ; and E. T. Sinclair, 
New Jersey. The principal dancers were Rita Sangalli, Betty Rigl, 
and M. Baptistan, with the Miles. Schell, Laurent, Lillie Whiting, 
and Blake and M. Cellini as seconds. M. Jourbon was master of 
ballet. In the harlequinade, G. L. Fox was Clown, C. Fox, Pan- 
taloon, Frank Lacey, from the London theatres. Harlequin, and 
Emily Rigl, Columbine. Incidental to the pantomime, Carrie A. 
Moore, John Engle, and C. E. Lovett performed a skating act, and 
several other specialties were introduced. 

Mile. Leah, dancer, appeared March 17, and March 31 Little 
Viola Rand, a child dancer, was seen. The next addition was that 
of Mr. Goodrich, champion skater. June 6 the one hundredth per- 
formance took place, and the season terminated. The summer 
season was commenced June 8, the pantomime still running, and 
June 15 it was reconstructed. A new ballet was introduced. June 
18 Mr. Goodrich broke his arm, and his place was taken for a time 
by Mr. Swift. A new burlesque opening by A. Oakey Hall was 
substituted July 6, and July 20 Charles and Annie Austin, Zouave 
drill performers, appeared. M. Cochon, a tenor singer, appeared 
Aug. 3, and Louis Zanfretta, a gymnast and pantomimist, Aug. 31. 

The summer season closed Sept. 4, and the fall and winter 
season commenced Sept. 6, " Humpty Dumpty " having reached its 
one hundred and ninety-eighth performance. Lena Edwin and 
Irene Gay now joined the company. Oct. 12, 1868, a new ballet 
corps, including M. Costa, the Miles. Pagani, Letto, Kurtz, the 
Sisters Negra, Betty Remmelsberg, and others were added. Oct. 26, 
Millie Sackett took the place of Irene Gay as Romance. The latter 
lady was afterwards known as Mrs. Fred Maeder. 

The following I obtained from Clifton W. Tayleure: "The box 
office received ^1,406,000, during the run of ' Humpty Dumpty.' 
'The Black Crook' was running at Niblo's Garden, and principal 
dancers were not easily to be found. A quarrel between Vestvali 
and Sangalli enabled me to secure the latter. Betty and Emily 
Rigl, who had previously seceded from Niblo's, were also secured. 
Sangalli received ;^i8o a week. The two Rigls received jointly the 
same amount. The entire ballet cost, with the extra music, cory- 
phees, and figurantes, ;^943 a week." 

Mr. Tayleure retired from the business management of this house, 
Jan. 4, 1869, and was succeeded by Dan Symons. A litigation now 



l6o A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1869 

ensued as to the introduction of a comic railroad effect into one 
of the scenes of " Humpty Dumpty," which was objected to by 
Augustin Daly as a violation of his rights, and an injunction was 
obtained by that gentleman. The affair, however, was compromised 
by a modification of the scene and the payment of a fee to Mr. 
Daly. 

The pantomime was finally withdrawn May 15, 1869, having 
been acted four hundred and eighty-three times ; matinees were 
given every Wednesday and Saturday. The house was closed 
May 17, for rehearsal of " Hickory Dickory Dock," which was 
produced May 18, with this cast: 



Hickory Dickory Dock and Clown 

G. L. Fox 
Mrs. Ancientry Spratt and Pan- 
taloon C. K. Fox 



Jack of the Bean Stalk and Harle- 
quin Frank Lacey 

Little Red Riding Hood and Col- 
umbine .... Mile. A. Laurent 



The Kiralfy troupe of Hungarian dancers made their American 
ddbut May 31. There were in this party Imre, Bolossy, Haniola, 
Emelie and Katie Kiralfy, and others. Haniola was the principal, 
Emelie and Katie the seconds. Haniola (afterwards the wife of 
A. L. Parkes) died in this city Dec. 26, 1889. Emelie married a 
non-professional of this city and retired from the stage. Katie is 
the wife of Edmund Gerson the amusement agent. " Hickory 
Dickory Dock " was withdrawn after Sept. 4. 

Edmund Falconer, the author and actor, made his American debut 
May 29, in his own drama, " A Noble Revenge." " The Peep 0' 
Day " was acted June 2, with the author, Mr. Falconer, as Barney 
OToole. Mr. Falconer closed June 4. John Brougham appeared 
June 6, in " O'Donnell's Mission," with Thos. E. Morris, George 
Clarke, Stuart Robson, A. W. Fenno, J. M. Boyd, H. Bland, Harry 
Wall, Kate Newton, and Lillie Eldridge in the cast. " Dombey 
and Son" was done June 9, " David Copperfield " and " Pocahontas" 
June 10, with Kate Reignolds as the heroine. " Treasure Trove, or 
Buried Gold," was acted for the first time on any stage June 22, 
and had this cast: 



Allen Pierce .... George Clarke 
Miss Anne Matchieson Lillie Eldridge 
Vice President Board of Share- 
holders Chas. Foster 

Mrs. Matchieson . . . Amelia Harris 
Hon. Mrs. Solicitous Louisa Eldridge 
Mrs. Harpaway . . Mrs. Mark Smith 



Larry Barnes 
Hastings 
Mr. Suydam 
Mr. Jenkins 
Mr. Lindell 
Miles McCarthy 



. Stuart Robson 
W. H. Whalley 
. . Mr. Fenno 
Belvil Ryan 
. . C. J. Fyffe 
. J. M. Ward 



Thomas B. de Walden's " British Neutrality " was first seen here 
July I, and had this cast: 



1869] 



MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 



161 



Admiral Farragut . . Charles Foster 

Commandant of Fortress Monroe 

C. J. FyfEe 

Reuben Graydon (his first appear- 
ance here) . Chas. R. Thorne, Jr. 

Vernon Birkwood (first appear- 
ance here) . . . Owen Marlowe 



Nance Crane (her first appearance 
in New York) . . . Mrs. Williams 



Pat Donnely 
Jack Hawser . 
Pierre Boncour 
John Benjamin 
Rose Graydon 



. J. M. Ward 
Harry S. Murdoch 
. W. H. Bland 
. A. W. Fenno 
. Kate Newton 



This play was taken from T. P. Cooke's prize drama, " True to 
the Core." 

July 8 a band of Arabs, called the Beni Zoug Zoug, appeared in 
conjunction with the dramatic company; July 15 a Japanese com- 
pany appeared ; July 22 John Brougham was seen in " Columbus Re- 
constructed," assisted by Emily Thorne. " The Post Boy " was also 
played. " Dombey and Son " was seen Aug. 19. The cast was : 

Capt. Cuttle Brougham Edith ... 

Susan Nipper .... Emily Thorne Joe Bagstock 7 

Carker H. S. Murdoch Jack Bunsby j 

Dombey Chas. Foster 



Mrs Kate Meek 
W. E. Sheridan 



" Uncle Tom's Cabin " was produced Sept. 6, with this cast : 



Topsy . . 
Aunt Ophelia 
Deacon Perry 
Geo. Harris 
Skeggs . . 
Uncle Tom 



Mrs. G. C. Howard 

Mrs. T. J. Hind 

Geo. L. Fox 

J. K. Mortimer 

. E. T. Sinclair 

. Asa Cushman 



Eliza Ida Vernon 

Eva Minnie Jackson 

Lawyer Marks . . . . C. K. Fox 
Simon Legree .... J. B. Studley 
St. Clair Geo. Becks 



Minnie Jackson was Mrs. Asa Cushman. This was succeeded 
Oct. 4 by " The Streets of New York," with John K. Mortimer and 
Eliza Newton as Badger and Alida Bloodgood ; J. B. Studley played 
Capt. Fairweather. Harry Hotto made his first appearance as Mr. 
Pufiy. This play had a run of five weeks and was followed, Nov. 
8, for the first time in America, by F. W. Robinson's " Poor Hu- 
manity." The cast was : 



Rev. Theobald Gifford J. 
Horace Essenden . . H. 



Augusta GifEord 
George Carr 
Paul Essenden 
Dr. Rivers . 
Pottleton . 
Mr. Bates . 
Roger Hodge 



K. Mortimer 
Cunningham 



Florence Noble 

. J. B. Studley 

Geo. Becks 

J. M. Charles 

G. F. Ketchum 

. . S. Wright 

Mr. Bolton 



Mrs. Wiseby .... W. Holston 

Nella Carr Eliza Newton 

Laura Gifford .... Lily Vining 

Sallie Minnie Jackson 

Mrs. Carr . . . Miss F. Andrews 

Mary Miss E. Germaine 

Banks' Widow .... Miss Fenton 
Mrs. Mudgeson . . Mrs. E. Wright 



" Under the Gaslight " was presented Dec. 6, with J. K. Mortimer 
as Snorkey, and Chas. T. Parsloe, Jr., as Bermudas. There were also 
in the cast: J. B. Studley, M. C. Daly, George Becks, Harry Cunning- 
ham, J. M. Charles, Asa Cushman, Ketchum, Hotto, Conolly, Wright, 
Bolton, Masters Dan and Hearne, Ida Vernon, Lily Vining, Marie 



1 62 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE :i87o 



Longmore, Peach Blossom (her first appearance here), Florence 
Noble, M. Andrews, S. Germaine, and Mrs. E. Wright. 

Geo. L. Fox returned Jan. 3, 1870, as Ferguson Trotter, in " The 
Writing on the Wall." Harry C. Ryner first appeared on this 
occasion, acting Richard Oliver. Jan. 17, G. L. Fox was seen as 
Paul Pry and Jacques Strop, in "Robert Macaire;" Jan. 31, as 
Aminadab Sleek, in " The Serious Family," and Tobias Shortcut, in 
" The Spitfire." T. C. de Leon's burlesque of " Hamlet," was seen 
Feb. 14: 

Hamlet G. L. Fox Marcellus G. A. Beane 

Claudius Ben Maginley Bernardo Laura Queen 

Polonius . . . Lester Cavendish Ghost Mrs. E. Wright 

Horatio .... Blanche Bradshaw First Actor . . . . H. Cunningham 

Laertes Marie Longmore Second Actor S. Wright 

Rosencrantz ... J. M. Charles Actress Asa Cushman 

Guildenstern . . . G. F. Ketchum Gravedigger .... Julia Queen 

Osric Fanny Queen Gertrude .... Mrs. Bradshaw 

Priest Mr. ConoUy Ophelia Belle Howitt 

This was the first appearance at this theatre of Ben Maginley, 
Lester Cavendish, Blanche Bradshaw, Fanny, Laura, and Julia 
Queen, and Belle Howitt. The burlesque held the boards for 
several weeks, and was followed, April 18, by " Macbeth," a travesty, 
with all of Locke's original music. 

Duncan J. M. Charles Lady Macbeth . . . Marie Longmore 

Malcolm Julia Queen Gentlewoman . . . Sarah Germaine 

Macbeth G. L. Fox Seward W. Eunice 

Banquo . . . . , . H. Cunningham Seyton Lulu Prior 

Macduff C. K. Fox Physician J. L. Lewis 

Rosse Fanny Queen First Witch . . . G. F. Ketchum 

Monteith Miss Newton Second Witch .... Mrs. Wright 

Angus Miss Lawson First OfBcer . . . . G. A. Beane 

Fleance Master Topack Second Officer .... Mr. Knight 

First Singing Witch . . Laura Queen Hecate Herr Staudt 

Second Singing Witch Mme. Pozzone 

The house closed May 7, and reopened May 16, with 
One With the Golden Wig," which had this cast : 



The Fair 



Princess Ba-be-bi-bo-bu . H. T. Allen 
Prince Huckaback . . M. W. Fiske 
Marquis Very-so-so . . M. B. Snyder 
Count Prettilittleman . Jenny Gilmer 
Hon. Sambofromsingsing, J. H. Jones 
Queen Titum-tilly-silly . Hattie O'Neil 
Fairy Lucidora . . Pauline Hayden 
Graceful .... Mrs. Jas. A. Gates 



Leander . 
Callposh . 
Drinkhard 
Eatquick 
Paynone . 
Graball . 
Sugarall . 
Honeydew 



J. H. Chatterton 
. J. T. Walters 
W. R. Hayden 
. H. H. Pratt 
Mr. Renard 
. . P. Berger 
. Ida D'Soyer 
Miss H. Sloan 



In addition to a ballet, there appeared A. M. (" Tony ") Hernandez, 
Leon Brothers, and Prof. M. O'Reardon, the tumbleronicon performer. 
June 6 G. W. Jester, ventriloquist, made his bow. 



iSyi] 



MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 



163 



Stephen Miss Germaine 

Valet Miss Watson 

Little Corporal . . . Mile. D'Soyer 
Marchioness De Berkenfeldt 

Mrs. J. J. Prior 
Duchess de Grandtete 

Mrs. W. R. Hayden 



" The Daughter of the Regiment, or the Eight Hundred Fathers," 
was produced June 13, with this cast : 

Josephine . . . Mrs. Jas. A. Gates 
Sergeant Scalade ... H. T. Allen 

Guillot J. H. Chatterton 

Purapemickle . . . . M. W. Fiske 
Duke de GrandtSte . . H. H. Pratt 

Bernard W. R. Hayden 

Pierre J. H. Jones 

£tienne P. Berger 

Incidental to this was a comic ballet, in which Willie Edouin gave 
an imitation of Mile. Bonfanti, and H. H. Pratt of Sig. Novissimo, 
while the Hernandez troupe gave their " Boston Peace Jubilee " acts. 

" The Field of the Cloth of Gold " was given June 20, with Alice 
Gates as Earl Darnley, Georgie Dickson, (her first appearance) as 
Lady Constance, Lulu Prior as Anne Boleyn, and J. Dunn (his first 
appearance) as Henry VIII. July 2 the season terminated. 

The pantomime, "Wee Willie Winkle," was produced Oct. 5, 
1870, and ran until Feb. 6, 1871, when Schonberg and T. B. de 
Walden's burlesque " G. L. Richelieu," was produced for the first 
time, with G. L. Fox as G. L. Armand Des Etats Unis (Riche- 
lieu) ; Ada Harland as Secretary of Hymen (De Mauprat) ; Lillie 
Eldridge as Secretary of Venus (Julie de Mortimer) ; Jennie 
Yeamans as Secretary of Momus (Frangois) ; Edward Coleman as 
Secretary of Hades (Baradas). 

Daly's new play, "Horizon," was produced March 21, 1871. It 
had this cast: 



Sundown Rowse . . . . G. L. Fox 
John Loder .... J. K. Mortimer 

Rocks O. B. Collins 

Mackenzie . . . . J. L. de Bonay 
Salaeratus Bill . . . . F. S. Wilbur 
Wannamucka . . . C. Wheatleigh 

Wahcotah W. H. Pope 

Alleyn Van Dorp . . . Hart Conway 
Heathen Chinee . . . Harry Pratt 
The Unattached . . H. R. Teesdale 



Sergt. Crocker . . . . F. Chapman 

Meddie Agnes Ethel 

Big Spider Geo. Sands 

Coke Ballen .... Chas. Warwick 
Wolf Van Dorp . . . J. B. Studley 

Uncle Billy Geo. Beane 

Judge Scott .... E. T. Sinclair 

Guide Geo. Atkins 

Ceephus John Pendy 



There were also in the cast Jennie Yeamans, Mrs. Ed. S. Tarr, Mrs. 
J. J. Prior, Mrs. Annie Yeamans, and Lulu Prior. 

After being in the courts for many years, the ligitation as to the 
ownership of this theatre was settled at this time. John Duff was 
sued by the heirs of Mr. Trimble, for the repossession of the 
Olympic Theatre property, valued at ;^400,ooo. It was argued by 
the claimants that Mr. Duff never bought the property, but that it 
was placed in his hands to pay certain claims due certain creditors 
of Mr. Trimble, while Mr. Duff as firmly protested that the property 
was his. This led to a litigation, and, the case being tried in this 



164 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [1873 

city, Mr. Duff was beaten. He carried the case to the Court of 
Appeals. This court also decided in favor of the Trimbles. This 
ended the case, and gave the property to the claimants. By the 
will of Mr. Trimble, the entire property went to his four daughters. 
" Jack Sheppard " was produced on Feb. 15 : Geo. L. Fox as Owen 
Wood; John K. Mortimer, Darrell; J. B. Studley, Sir Rowland; 
Harry Pearson, Blueskin; Ada Harland, Jack; and Jennie Yeamans, 
Stimkid. Lucille Western appeared June 5, in " East Lynne," sup- 
ported by James A. Heme and Frank Mordaunt. "The Child 
Stealer " was seen June 19. Miss Western narrowly escaped being 
one of the great actresses of her generation, but escape it she did. 
Her emotional powers, her occasional characterizations were the 
offspring of intuition. The public saw in her a woman of great 
natural powers, lacking only great cultivation ; and yet it is 
possible that cultivation would have spoiled her altogether. 

Rose and Harry Watkins appeared here June 26 in " Kathleen 
Mavourneen." A matinde performance was given June 29 for the 
benefit of the widow and family of Dan Symons. The programme 
was, "Delicate Ground," "Lend Me Five Shillings," and "State 
Secrets." Among the artists who appeared were, Joseph Jefferson, 
Mrs. James A. Oates, Blanche de Bar, Grace Rawlinson, Nellie 
Young, Mrs. Annie Yeamans, Neil Warner, Hart Conway, H. L. 
Bascomb, Frank Mordaunt, Geo. L. Fox, H. A. Weaver, Sr., Geo. A. 
Beane, and E. T. Sinclair. 

" Under Two Flags, or Trodden Down," by Harry Watkins, was 
given July 3. Mrs. Watkins took a benefit July 14, when " It Takes 
Two to Quarrel " and " The Pioneer Patriot " were acted. Johnny 
Allen appeared July 17 in " Schneider, or Dot House Von der Rhine." 
He continued until Aug. 12, when the season closed. 

" Humpty Dumpty " was revived Aug. 31 and was withdrawn June 
II, 1872, having been performed three hundred and thirty-three 
times. G. L. Fox, on that night, for his benefit and last night of 
the season, performed the title r61e for the one thousand ~ and first 
time. The Marie Aimee Opera Bouffe company appeared here Oct. 
4. Nov. 1 1 the Lydia Thompson company commenced, and closed 
Dec. 7. Samuel Colville and Alex. Henderson were now the mana- 
gers of this house, but they retired Feb. 8, 1873. " Humpty Dumpty " 
was revived Feb. 17, and was withdrawn June 7, after one hundred 
and twenty-seven performances. This was followed by the Coleman 
Sisters, Clara and Louise, in a drama called " Driven from Home." 

The next season commenced August 31, with the Lydia Thomp- 
son company in " Mephisto and the Four Sensations." John Duff 
was the sole lessee and manager, George Tyler, acting manager, J. 
J. McCloskey, stage manager. Sept. i M. Collodion, French cari- 
caturist, made his American d^but. He closed on Sept. 6. " Sinbad 
the Sailor " was revived Sept. 8, and during the performance Lydia 



1873] MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 165 

Thompson and Henry Taylor performed, for the first time in this 
city, a musical duet and dance entitled " The Dancing Quakers." 
Sept. 22, the first act of " Aladdin," preceded by " Sinbad." " Madame 
Angot's Child," an English version of " La Fille de Madame Angot," 
for the first time in America, Sept. 29, by Mrs. James A. Oates and 
her company. It was withdrawn after the performance of Oct. 11. 
"The Grand Duchess" was presented Oct. 13. " Mons. Choufleuri," 
preceded by " An Alarming Sacrifice," was seen Oct. 20, and ran 
until Friday, when on that and the following evening " Mons. Chou- 
fleuri " and the third act of " Mme. Angot's Child " were given, and 
the Oates company closed. Robert McWade commenced Oct. 27 
in his own version of " Rip Van Winkle," which ran until Nov. 24, 
when Edwin Adams appeared in " Enoch Arden." Dec. 3 " The 
Marble Heart " was acted and ran until Dec. 1 1 , when " Richard III." 
was given, and repeated Dec. 13. "Enoch Arden" was repeated 
Dec. 12 and at the matinee Dec. 13. "The Dead Heart" was pro- 
duced Dec. 15, and acted during the week, save on Dec. 19, when 
" Dreams of Delusion " and " Wild Oats " were given. 

Edwin Adams was the original in America of Robert Landry in 
" The Dead Heart," and of Ivan Khorvitch in " The Serf." This 
was his last engagement in this city. His last appearance on the 
stage as an actor was at the California Theatre, San Francisco, May 
27, 1876, when he played lago, to the Othello of John E. McCuUough. 
His last appearance on the stage was in the California Theatre, Feb. 
12, 1877, ^t a benefit yielding him about ;?2,700. He was unable to 
act, but occupied a chair in the centre of the stage. The song of 
" Auld Lang Syne " was taken up by little Alice Harrison, the com- 
pany joining in the chorus, when, during the singing, Mrs. Judah — 
the oldest of San Francisco's actresses, and not then in good health, 
who was feebly standing with the rest — was led by Barton Hill 
towards Mr. Adams. The actor arose, embraced and kissed the lady, 
and, in his fine, old, gallant way, offered her his chair. She declined 
with a simple movement of the hands, in motherly tenderness pressed 
him to his seat again, and, taking her place behind him, wept bitterly 
until the curtain fell. The scene was deeply affecting, and touched 
the heart more keenly than anything that has ever been seen in the 
fiction of the drama. After lingering for over three weeks at Phila- 
delphia, and having for the prior forty-eight hours been unable to 
take any nourishment whatever, Edwin Adams died Oct. 28, 1877. 
Mr. Adams was born in Medford, Mass., Feb. 3, 1834. His first 
appearance on the stage was August 29, 1853, as Stephen in "The 
Hunchback," at the National Theatre, Boston, Mass. 

"Humpty Dumpty" was revived Feb. 17, 1873, and withdrawn 
June 7, after one hundred and twenty-seven performances. The 
total number of performances at this theatre was nine hundred and 
forty-three. It was revived at the Grand Opera House Nov. 25, 1873, 



1 66 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE DSys 

where it was acted seventy-nine times, and was withdrawn after Feb. 
7, 1874. G. L. Fox performed " Humpty-Dumpty " in the Bowery 
one hundred and eighty-five times, making his total number of per- 
formances of that character, up to the date last mentioned, one thou- 
sand two hundred and seven. In all, then, " Humpty Dumpty" 
was played in New York alone, with Mr. Fox, one thousand two 
hundred and sixty-eight times. 

Dec. 22 the theatre was closed, and on Dec. 23 "Gabriel Grub" 
was produced, preceded by "An Object of Interest," which gave 
place on Dec. 29 to " Family Jars." The house was reopened as a 
variety theatre Jan. 19, 1874, with George H. Tyler as manager, who 
continued until March 9, when he retired. The next season com- 
menced Aug. 21, 1874, under the management of John F. Poole. 
A specialty entertainment was presented. Howard Paul appeared 
Sept. 20, and during the season some of the best artists in the busi- 
ness were seen at intervals, including Sol Smith Russell, Nov. 15, in 
his original characterizations. Mr. Poole retired from the manage- 
ment July 8, 1876. 

William E. Sinn was the next manager. He commenced Aug. 14, 
1876, with specialty performances. He surrendered the lease Jan. i, 
1877. 

Augustin Daly was the next manager. He reopened the theatre 
Jan. 30, 1877, with "The Big Bonanza." Harry S. Sanderson was 
business manager. In the company were, Alice Grey, Julia Brutone, 
Ada Gilraan, Elsie Moore, Miss Post, Charles Leclercq, J. H. Ring, 
George Parkes, Owen S. Fawcett, Maurice Barrymore, and C. D. 
Bainbridge. " 'Round the Clock" was given Feb. 12. A. Tomasi's 
Juvenile English opera company appeared March 5, in "The Fairy 
and the Cobbler." N. D. Roberts' Pantomime troupe were seen in 
"Jack and Jill." Charles Almonte was Pantaloon ; Chas. H. Adams, 
Clown ; Louise Boshell, Columbine and wire walker ; William Eunice, 
Harlequin ; and Minnie French, Fairy Queen. The Almonte Bros., 
Frankie Howard, and the French Twin Sisters were among the 
"specialty" people. 

The next manager was Thomas Canary, who opened the house 
Oct. I, 1877, as a variety theatre. Gus Williams was associated 
with the management. George H. Tyler was business manager. 
Billy Emerson assumed the management Jan. 14, 1878. Gus Phillips 
was business manager. Billy Emerson's California minstrels were 
the attraction. Gus Phillips, well-known as " Oofty Gooft," became 
manager Jan. 21, 1878. Emerson's minstrels continued the attrac- 
tion until Feb. 11. Then came a vaudeville company, after which 
Texas Jack's company for two weeks commencing Feb. 18. On 
March 4, the drama, "A Great Encounter, or Heenan and Sayers at 
Farnborough," was produced. John Dwyer, champion of America, 
and Joe Goss, champion of England, appeared during the play in a 



187911 



MRS. JOHN WOOD'S OLYMPIC 



167 



fistic encounter. On March 11 Jenny Morton, with a company, 
acted "Idlewild," supported by R. C. Gardner. Charles Foster's 
play, " Saved at Seven," was done March 18, Imogene week of 
March 25, in "The Shepherdess of Jura." April i "Uncle Tom's 
Cabin," was seen, followed April 8 by George C. Boniface, Sen., in 
" The Soldier's Trust." The house soon afterwards closed, but was 
reopened Sept. 30, 1878, as a variety theatre, with Martin W. Hanley 
as manager. 

On Dec. 23, Gardner & Hallock, who had been managing for a 
brief period Niblo's Garden, opened this house, with W. J. Fleming 
as the acting manager and leading man. The initial performance 
was "The Brides of Garryowen" ("The Colleen Bawn"), with 
W. J. Fleming as Danny Mann, supported by Florence Ellis and a 
full dramatic company. The curtain was rung up, and the play had 
proceeded but a few minutes, when, as the scene between Hardress 
Cregan and Danny Mann opened, a young man sprang from one 
of the stage boxes to the stage, and, walking up to Chas. A. Sted- 
man (mistaking him for W. J. Fleming), handed him the legal 
papers of a temporary injunction granted by the Supreme Court at 
the instance of Dion Boucicault, restraining Fleming from perform- 
ing the play. Learning his mistake, the young man handed the 
papers to Fleming, and in the midst of the confusion that followed 
the curtain was rung down and the audience dismissed. 

" The Ticket of Leave Man " was played Dec. 25 and for the 
week, with Fleming as Bob Brierly and Florence Ellis as May 
Edwards. " Ingomar " was given Dec. 30, for the week, Fleming 
as Ingomar, Florence Ellis as Parthenia. 

The Count Joannes appeared here Jan. 7, 1879, in " Richard III.," 
supported by Avonia Fairbanks. 

"It's Never Too Late to Mend," was produced Jan. 20, with 
Geo. D. Chaplin in the cast. 

A matinee performance was given March 1 7 for The Herald Irish 
Relief Fund. " The Ticket of Leave Man " was the bill. Martha 
Fairfield made her first appearance on any stage as Evadne, April 14, 
and repeated the performance April 15, 16, 17. "Evadne" had 
this cast: 



Evadne Martha Fairfield 

King of Naples . . . J. B. Browne 
Olivia Jennie Carroll 



Ludovico J. B. Studley 

Colonna . . Frank A. Tannehill, Sen. 
Vicentio Louis Barrett 



cast: 



' The Assommoir " (" Drink ") was produced April 30, with this 



Mme. Boche 
Nina at fifteen 
Nina at eight 



Mrs. Sedley Smith 

Laura Thropp 

. Belle Wharton 



Nina, at four .... Jessie Story 
Daddy Bazouge . Edward Coleman 
Gervaise Maud Granger 



Gouget . . . 


. . Clinton Hall 


Poissons . . . 


Frank W. Sanger 


Bee Sale . . . 


. . Frank Drew 


Bijald .... 


. . John Moore 


Lorilleux . . 


. . E. M. Day 


Virginie . . . 


. . Emily Rigl 


Big Clemence . 


. . Ada Rehan 


Mme. Lorilleux 


. . Nina Freith 



1 68 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Dsso 



Corpeau Harry Meredith 

Lantier B. T. Ringgold 

My Boots Harry Hawke 

Bibi C. H. Bradshaw 

Pap S. B. Duffield 

Pierre John Swinburne 

Joseph Chas. Hogan 



The play was a failure, and was withdrawn May 17. After the 
first week, Emily Rigl retired on account of illness, and her r61e 
was acted by Ada Rehan. " Benighted " was acted July 22, by 
Isadore Davidson. It was originally called " Grip, or the Moral 
Bootblack." S. B. Duffield, a member of the company died sud- 
denly at Jersey City Heights, N. J., May 5, 1879. 

Mr. Hofele commenced his management of this house Sept. 8, 

1879, with cheap prices, — 50, 35 and 25 cts. 

The attraction was Jennie Yeamans, supported by J. W. Summers, 
in a play called " Mitt," which had this cast : Mitt, Jennie Yeamans ; 
Alice Malvern, Helen Adell; Mrs. Ashcroft, Mrs. W. G. Jones; 
Ned Wilton, J. W. Summers; Luke Martin, Edwin Brink, Bob 
Ashcroft, Walter Fessler. Previous to the drama "The Young 
Widow" was acted. 

" Uncle Tom's Cabin " was acted Oct. 20, with J. B. Studley as 
Uncle Tom; Jennie Yeamans as Topsy; Mrs. W. G. Jones as Aunt 
Ophelia. 

On Jan. 17, 1880, two performances were given for the relief of 
the famine suffering Irish. "The Colleen Bawn" was seen, with 
William B. Cahill as Myles. 

The next and last manager this house had was Frank Mayo, who 
began Jan. 31, 1880, and continued until Saturday evening, April 17, 

1880, when the closing performance occurred. It consisted of 
" Richard III." The cast was : 



King Henry . . . . F. Chippendale 

Buckingham H. Colton 

Tressel Tony Roache 

Catesby John Swinburne 

RatclifEe W. Richardson 

Stanley R. C. White 

Lord Mayor Oscar Wolf 

Lieut, of the Tower . . . R. Brooks 
Blunt Joseph Howard 

The building was soon after torn down and business houses were 
erected on its site. 



Richmond . . 
Duke of York . 
Prince of Wales 
Duchess of York 
Richard . . . 
Oxford . . . 
Lady Anne . . 
Queen Elizabeth 
Norfolk . . . 



Frank A. Tannehill 
Henry Bascombe 
Genevieve Mills 
Ray Alexander 
Frank Mayo 
. H. White 
Laura Don 
Mary Bryer 
Edwin Mayo 



1857] HENRY WOOD'S MARBLE HALL 1 69 



HITCHCOCK'S SUMMER GARDEN 

A LITTLE place of amusement known as Hitchcock's Summer 
Garden was situated at 172 New Canal Street, and opened 
June 5, 1857, with a variety show company consisting of James 
Fraser, comic singer ; M. Lyons ; T. Burns, Irish vocalist; T.Ellis; 
W. Hitchcock; Prof. Kennedy, pianist. The admission was six 
cents, which included refreshments. Celia Morley, vocalist, opened 
July 2 1 ; Jerry Merrifield, July 30. Eva Brent, soprano vocalist, 
made her American debut Dec. 13. 

PETE MORRIS' VARIETIES 

PETE MORRIS' VARIETIES was situated at 210 William 
Street, at what was formerly known as the Coliseum. It was 
opened June 27, 1857. 

HENRY WOOD'S MARBLE HALL 

A FAMOUS Minstrel Hall forty years ago was " Wood's Marble 
Hall " situated on the west side of Broadway, near Prince 
Street, Nos. 561 and 563, built of white marble. The entrance was 
from Broadway. The auditorium had a parquet and two galleries, 
capable of seating 2,000 persons. The opening occurred Oct. 15, 
1857, with the following company: Sylvester Bleecker, stage man- 
ager; Henry Woods, proprietor; Jack Herrman, Geo. Christy, 
G. Gardner, Chas. H. Fox, J. Whittaker, Master Eugene, G. W. H. 
Griffin, C. Keene, L. Meyer, M. Lewis, E. Bowers, Master Gus 
Howard, and C. Haslam. Geo. Holland, the comedian of Mitchell's 
Olympic and Wallack's theatres, became a member of this minstrel 
company, appearing Dec. 21 as Black George in the local farce 
" My Friend, Black George, from White Plains." He published 
the following card in the newspapers of the day : 

George Holland respectfully informs his friends and the public that in conse- 
quence of the unfortunate state of the times — which has prevented the managers 
of what are termed the legitimate theatres from fulfilling their contracts, and thus 
caused him to be unable to provide those comforts for his family as heretofore — 
he has made an engagement with Wood & Christy's minstrels, which will not 
only enable him to support his family as usual, but also enable him, in a short 
time, to resume specie payments, and settle all his little accounts which have 
been rendered with so much kindness. He also begs to assure his friends and 
the public that he will appear before them in the same capacity — in the same or 
similar pieces — in the line of low comedy — the only difference will be that 
instead of coloring his face with red paint it will appear black; which, when 
washed oflf, he hopes they will perceive the same honest countenance he has 
hitherto maintained. 



170 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSss 

The company closed the house week of March 15, 1858, and 
appeared at Brooklyn, as the entrance had to be considerably altered. 
It reopened March 22. Frank Brower, Charles Fox, James Budworth, 
and Charley White put in an appearance here May 17. T. D. Rice, 
Eph. Horn, and E. Bowers were added to the forces Aug. 2. Julia 
Daly joined the company Oct. 18, and appeared in the protean 
sketch, " In and Out of Place," in which she gave French, Irish, 
Dutch, and Yankee delineations. Frank Brower was seen here 
Dec. 13. Cool White came for the first time Jan. 3, 1859. The 
house closed Sept. 3, 1859, when the premises were altered to the 
Merchants and Manufacturers' bank. 

The company went to 585 Broadway Sept. 8, for a few nights, 
then to 444 Broadway, Sept 12. The entrance by way of a long 
flight of stairs operated to its disadvantage, and the building was 
soon after taken possession of for the bank. Ths entire structure 
was torn down in July, 1877. 

THE ADELPHI. 

THE old medical college situated at the corner of Spring and 
Crosby streets was turned into a place of amusement and, 
called The Adelphi, was opened Jan. 4, 1858. " The Wizard of 
the North " appeared, with Viola, danseuse, and Frazer, vocalist. 
The admission was 12 cts., which included a refreshment ticket. 
This place was afterwards devoted to musical entertainments of 
various kinds. 

HOYM'S THEATRE. 

AT 199 and 201 Bowery, nearly opposite to Spring Street, was a 
place of amusement called " Hoym's Theatre," named after 
its proprietor. Otto Von Hoym. It was opened August 5, 1858. 
In addition to a ballet corps with Louise Lamoureux, Geo. Smith 
and Mons. Szollosy as the principals, there was a vaudeville enter- 
tainment. 

Aug. 14 Geo. W. Smith took a benefit, and had a host of 
volunteers. Sept. 13 the Zavistowski Juvenile Ballet troupe 
appeared. Mons. Zavistowski was the ballet master, Christine 
Ludlam (Mrs. Zavistowski) premiere, and Alice and Emeline 
Zavistowski were the stars. Robert Johnston and T. C. Steers 
were the next managers, with this company: J. W. Wallack, Jr., 
Robert Johnston, J. J. Prior, S. H. France, Joseph O. Sefton, Wall, 
Humphrey Bland, Wright, J. L. Wallace, Jones, M. B. Pike, Wray, 
Stevens, John Walsh, Ameha Parker, Sallie Partington, Nelse 
Waldron, and others. The initial play was " Werner," also " Rent 
Day." James Wallack acted Werner, and Robert Johnston Ulric in 



i866] 



TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE 



171 



the first play, and Amelia Parker was the Rachel Heywood in the 
latter; Oct. 4, "The Stranger," Wallack as the Stranger, and 
R. Johnston as Reuben Glenroy in "Town and Country;" Oct. 5, 
" King of the Commons ; " Oct. 6 " Macbeth " was given. 



Macbeth 
Macduff 
Malcolm 
Ross . 



. J. W. Wallack 
. . R. Johnston 
Humphrey Bland 
. . M. B. Pike 



Lady Macbeth . . . Amelia Parker 

Seyton John Sefton 

Third Witch . . . . S. H. France 
Hecate .... Sallie Partington 



" Paul Pry " was the afterpiece. Oct. 11" Lucrezia Borgia " was 
acted, with Amelia Parker as Lucrezia ; also, " The Cross of Gold," 
Robert Johnston as Austerlitz. J. M. Belmont took a benefit April 
25, 1859, when "King Henry IV." was acted by amateurs. The 
French dramatic company, which had been playing at 585 Broadway, 
under Fred Widdow's management, came Dec. 26, 1859. This place 
remained untenanted for a long time, but was reopened by S. C. Camp- 
bell, June 27, 1864, with a minstrel company. On Jan. 16, 1865, 
R. M. Hooley became associated with Mr. Campbell in the manage- 
ment, Hooley's Brooklyn Opera House having been burned (May 
16). James H. Bud worth, G. W. H. Griffin, Frank Hussey, Fred 
Abbot, Geo. Clinton, Geo. Parkinson, and J. Stanwood appeared, 
remaining until the close of the season. May 27, 1865. S. S. 
Sharpley, "who had a minstrel company known as the " Ironclads," 
became the manager June 12, 1865. He opened with his minstrels, 
and closed June 29. 



TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 

SAMUEL S. SHARPLEY and Tony Pastor rented the house for 
two weeks and brought together the following company, open- 
ing July 31 : John Wild, Bertha, Sheridan and Mack, James Gaynor, 
Willis Armstrong, Bob Butler, Ernestine de Faber, Blanche Stanley, 
Amelia Wells, Ellen Collene and John Braham, leader of the orchestra. 
Among others who appeared during the season were, Alf Moe, the 
skater ; Charles Winter, the infant Ravel ; Sam Ryan ; Laura Taylor, 
an English vocalist ; El Nino Eddie, Bob Hart, Billy Reeve, Maggie 
Vernon, Lizzie Donaldson, Geo. Warren, Master Barry, Lew Brim- 
mer, T. G. Riggs, Jenny Engel, Milly Warren, Lottie La Point, and 
Josh Hart. Sharpley and Pastor's success was so great that Tony 
Pastor bought out Richard M. Hooley, who had a lease of the 
premises. The new manager gave a first-class variety performance, 
one to which ladies might go with their families, and which omitted 
the smoking and drinking features of the other variety houses. The 
first season closed June 9, 1866. Tony Pastor then made a short 
tour with a company, and Sam Sharpley took possession, opening 
with the following people : Sam Sharpley, Frank Kerns, Billy Pastor, 



172 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1872 

Johnny Thompson, Robert Butler, Amelia Wells, Carrie Byron, Walter 
Eaton, Frank Pell, and Robert Delany, gymnast. Sharpley closed 
July 7. Tony Pastor commenced his second season July 30, 1866, 
and in his organization were, Tony Pastor, T. G. Riggs, Mack, John 
Wild, G. F. McDonald, Masters Barry and Warren, King, Ford, 
Armstrong, Marcellus Szollosy, Jenny Engel, Florence McDonald, 
Bertha, Florence Wells, the Walby Sisters, Hattie Engel, the 
Gorenflo Sisters, Nellie Gray, Sallie Loudon, and Carrie Carner. 
During the season the following players appeared from time to time : 
Mrs. Frank McDonald, a troupe of Bedouin Arabs, Frank Hussey, 
Sig. Monteverde. Jenny Benson, clog dancer, from the Dublin 
theatres ; Mons. La Thorne, James Gaynor, Billy Emerson, Denny 
Gallagher, Senorita Lopez, and infant gymnasts, Harry Burchard, 
Eugene Martini, Herr Harl ; Dave Hawley, gymnast, Barry O'Neil, 
Irish comedian; G. W. Thompson, Billy Sheppard, Kate Partington, 
Sam Collyer and sons, J. W. Collins, Johnny Allen, Nellie Whitney ; 
Sig. Bueno Core, fire king; Naomi Porter, a Japanese troupe, 
Melinda Nagle, and Sig. Jos^ Bastiglioni, contortionist. The season 
closed June i, 1867. 

A summer season opened June 3 with Walter Brown, the champion 
oarsman and athlete, Prof. Tanner and company of performing dogs, 
Lew Brimmer, Dick Carroll, Pete Lee, and others. They closed 
June 29. After having been reconstructed the house reopened 
July 29, 1 867, with the following attractions : Sam Collyer and sons, 
Sally Swift, Billy Emmett, J. A. Graver, Prof. Logrenia, John Pearce, 
Prof. Doebler, G. R. McDonald, John Collins, Jenny Engel, Billy 
Sheppard, John Wild, Robert Nickle, the Leon Brothers, Dave 
Hawley, and others. The house was then occupied for four weeks 
by Emerson, Allen & Manning's minstrels. 

The next season commenced Aug. 3, 1868, with the company as 
follows: Tony Pastor, Johnny Thompson, Frank Kerns, G. W. 
Thompson, Billy Sheppard, T. G. Riggs, J. A. Graver, Billy Emmett, 
Robt. Delancey, Jas. Bradley, Pete Conners, J. W. Collins, Jenny 
Engel, Addie Le Brun, Helene Smith, Nellie Gray, and Marie 
Gorenflo. The season closed June 26, 1869. 

Mr. Pastor's next season began Aug. 2 with the following com- 
pany: Frank Kerns, G. W. Thompson, T. G. Riggs, Bobby New- 
comb, Jas. W. Collins, D. L. Morris, Geo. Warren, J. A. Graver, R. 
Connors, H. Clifford, Sam Collyer and sons, J. W. McAndrews, and 
Tony Pastor, Mile. Irma, danseuse, the Gorenflo Sisters, Sallie 
Mason, Jenny Benson, Helene Smith, and Addie Le Brun. Harrigan 
and Hart made their first appearance here Sept. 16, 1872, in "The 
Little Fraud." The next week they played " The Big and Little of 
It." The next week they appeared in " After the War." On Oct. 
7 they introduced an act called "Sweet Summer." They played 
until Nov. 3, 1872. Ladies were admitted free on Fridays. A 



1884] THE PEOPLE'S THEATRE 1 73 

benefit for the Dan Bryant Fund occurred Aug. 29, 1875. In 
addition to the regular company engaged for the week, the following 
volunteered: Alvardo, Adah Richmond, Rickey and Barney, Nelly 
St. John, John Denier, the Devere Brothers, Jennie Hughes, King 
Sarbro, and Maggie Denier. Tony Pastor for ten years conducted ; 
this house as an attractive variety theatre, enjoying the utmost 
prosperity and popularity. In October, 1875, he retired. Paul Falk 
opened the house at cheap prices in the fall of 1875. Harry Miner 
was business manager. During the summer of 1883 the building 
was torn down, and Harry Miner at once commenced the erection 
of a theatre to be devoted to dramatic attractions, called The People's 
Theatre, which opened Sept. 3, 1883, with Shook and Collier's 
" The Lights o' London ; " Sept. 10, Roland Reed in " Cheek ; " 
Sept. 17, "Fun on the Bristol;" Sept. 24, J. B. Studley in "Rose 
Michel;" Oct. i, J. K. Emmet in "Fritz in Ireland;" Oct. 8, 
"Pop; " Oct. IS, "New Flying Dutch Man," with C. P. Flockton, 
Miss Helen Bancroft, and Thomas Glenney in the cast ; The Wilbur 
opera company came Oct. 22 in " lolanthe " for three nights ; 
" Pirates of Penzance," Oct. 25 ; Oct. 29, " The Silver King ; " Nov. 
S Ada Gray was seen in " East Lynne ; " Nov. 12, Frank Mayo in 
" Davy Crockett ; " Baker and Farren in the new play " Govern- 
ment House " Nov. 19, for four nights, and " Chris and Lena" Nov. 
23 and 24 ; Nov. 26, " Her Atonement ; " Dec. 3 M. B. Curtis 
came in " Sam'l of Posen ; " Dec. 10, " The Silver King ; " Dec. 17, 
Haverly's minstrels ; Dec. 24, Charles Bowser in " A Bunch of 
Keys ; " Dec. 31, Kate Claxton in " The Two Orphans ; " Jan. 7, 1884, 
" In the Ranks ; " Jan. 14, Barry and Fay in " Irish Aristocracy ; " 
Jan. 21, Thatcher, Primrose and West's minstrels; Jan. 28, Buffalo 
Bill in "The Prairie Waif;" Feb. 4, "The Stranglers of Paris;" 
Feb. II, Dion Boucicault in "The Shaughraun;" Feb. 18, Agnes 
Booth in " Pique; " Feb. 25, " Esmeralda; " March 3, Hanlon Broth- 
ers with "Le Voyage en Suisse;" March 10, "Lights o' London;" 
March 17, B. Macauley in "A Messenger from Jarvis Section;" 
March 24, " Romany Rye ; " March 31," Black Flag ; " April 7, " Or- 
pheus and Eurydice; " April 14, Neil Burgess in "Vim ; " April 21, 
" The White Slave ; " April 28, " Only A Farmer's Daughter ; " May 
5, "The Silver King; " May 12, " Hazel Kirke; " May 19, Wallack's 
company in " Lady Claire ; " May 26, " Devil's Auction ; " June 2, 
Chas. L. Davis in " Alvin Joslin ; " June 9, " The Stranglers of 
Paris;" June 16, "The Queen's Lace Handkerchief." The season 
closed June 20. The next season opened Aug. 16 with " The Silver 
King ; " Fred de Belleville playing Wilfred Denver ; Eleanor Carey, 
Nelly Denver; and John Jennings as Jaikes; Aug. 23, "The White 
Slave ; " Sept. i, " Siberia ; " Sept 8, Roland Reed in " Cheek ; " Sept. 
IS, Edwin Thorne in "The Black Flag; " Sept. 22, "The Pulse of 
New York ; " Sept. 29, " Hearts of Oak ; " Oct. 6, " Storm Beaten ; " 



174 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D886 



Oct. 13, Augustin Daly's company in "7.20-8;" Oct. 20, Lester 
Wallack's company in " Moths ; " Oct. 27, " The Galley Slave ; " 
Nov. 3, "Blue and Gray;" Nov. 10, "In the Ranks;" Nov. 17, 
"Her Atonement;" Nov. 24, "The Silver King;" Dec. i. The 
Wilbur opera company in " Girofle Girofla," " Little Duke," and 
" Estrella " for the week ; Dec. 8, " Shadows of a Great City ; " Dec. 
15, The Bijou opera company in "Orpheus and Eurydice;" Dec. 
22, " Called Back ; " Dec. 29, Barlow and Wilson's minstrels ; Jan. 
5, 1885, "The Devil's Auction; " Jan. 12, Gus Williams in "Capt. 
Mishler;" Jan. 19, Lotta in "Little Detective;" Jan. 26, "Wages 
of Sin ; " Feb. 2, "A Bunch of Keys; " Feb. 9, " Michael Strogofif; " 
Feb. 16, "Romany Rye;" Feb. 23, Louis Aldrich in "My Part- 
ner;" March 2, "A Midnight Marriage;" March 9, "Hazel 
Kirke;" March 16, Boucicault in "The Shaughraun;" March 23, 
Salsbury's Troubadours ; March 30, " Youth ; " April 6, " May 
Blossoms;" April 13, Louis Harrison and Gourlay in " Skipped 
by the Light of the Moon ; " April 20, " Le Voyage en Suisse ; " 
April 27, " Only a Farmer's Daughter ; " May 4, Oliver Doud Byron 
in "Across the Continent;" May 11, "The Stranglers of Paris." 
Wm. E. Sheridan came May 18, 19, and 20 as King Lear, matinee 
May 20 as Ingomar, and balance of the week in " Louis XL ; " 
May 25, Milton Nobles in "Love and Law." Season closed May 30, 
and reopened Aug. 10, 1885, with Roland Reed, Alice Harrison, and 
others in "The Mikado;" Aug. 17, Barlow, Wilson, and Rankin's 
minstrels ; Aug. 24, " The World ; " Sept. 7, " Storm Beaten ; " 
Sept. 14, " Alone in London ; " Sept. 21, W. J. Scanlan in " Shane 
Na Lawn;" Sept. 28, "Michael Strogoff;" Oct. 5, "Nobody's 
Claim " was given ; Oct. 12, EfSe Ellsler came in " Woman Against 
Woman;" Oct. 19, Oliver Doud Byron in "Inside Track;" Oct. 
26, Edwin Thorne in " Crimes of Paris ; " Nov. 2, Mme. Janish in 
" Anselma ; " Nov. 9, " Her Atonement ; " Nov. 16, Lizzie Evans in 
"Fogg's Fairy;" Nov. 23, F. C. Bangs in "The Silver King;" 
Nov. 30, Fanny Davenport in "Fedora;" matinee Dec. 2, Maud 
Granger in " American Marriage ; " Dec. 7, Evans & Hoey in " A 
Parlor Match ; " Dec. 13, Lillian Lewis in "Article 47;" Dec. 20, 
Standard Theatre company in " The Mikado ; " Dec. 25, Effie Ellsler, 
in " Woman Against Woman ; " Jan. 4, 1886, " A Bunch of Keys; " 
Jan. II, "The Wages of Sin;" Jan. 18, Kate Claxton in "The Sea 
of Ice;" Jan. 25, "Blackmail;" Feb. i the new play " A Great 
Wrong Righted," by John M. Morton, was acted with this cast : 



Richard Bright 
Frederick . . 
Moses . . . 



John A. Stevens 

Harry Colton 

W. P. Sheldon 



Eliza Adelaide Stanhope 

Milly Graham .... Emily L3rtton 



Loudan McCormack and Maude Muller were also in the cast. 
Feb. 8 Gus Williams came, in "One of the Finest; " Feb. 15 Fred 



1887] THE PEOPLE'S THEATRE 1 75 

Warde acted Virgihius; Feb. 16, "Othello;" Feb. 17, "Lady of 
Lyons; " Feb. 18, "Damon and Pythias; " Milton Nobles was seen 
in "Love and Law" Feb. 22 ; March i, "Romany Ryfe;" March 8, 
N. C. Goodwin in " Skating Rink ;" March 15, Wm. A. Mestayer 
and Theresa Vaughn, in " We, Us & Co. ; " March 22, " The World ; " 
March 29, J. B. Studley in "A Prisoner for Life;" April 5, Marie 
Aimee in "Mam'zelle;" April 12, " A Rag Baby;" April 19, "A 
Midnight Marriage," with Wm. Redmund and Mrs. Barry in the 
cast; April 26, Cora Tanner in "Alone in London ;" May 3, Tony 
Hart in "A Toy Pistol;" May 10, "Private Secretary" by the 
Madison Square Theatre company; May 17, Murray and Murphy 
in " Our Irish Visitor ; " May 24, George Clarke's new play, " A 
Strange Disappearance," for the first time; May 31, Barry and Fay 
in " Irish Aristocracy ; " June 7, " One of the Bravest ; " June 14, 
Milton Nobles. 

"Zitka" was done for the first time June 21. Gustave Levick, 
John W. Jennings, Charlotte Behrens, Edith Crolius, A. H. 
Forrest, Henry Aveling, Percy Meldon, Matt Snyder, Rose Snyder, 
Edith Jordan, and Barbara Eyre were in the cast. " Zitka " was re- 
peated week of June 28, and the season closed July 3. Reopened 
Aug. 33 with " Zitka ; " Aug. 30, Edmund Collier in " Jack Cade ; " 
Sept. 6, first time in this city of James A. Heme's play, " The Minute 
Men;" Sept. 13, "Blackmail;" Sept. 20, "Shadows of a Great 
City; " Sept. 27, "A Rag Baby; " Oct. 4, Ada Gray in a "A Ring 
of Iron; " Oct. 11, Efifie EUsler in "Woman Against Woman;" 
Oct. 18, "A Wall Street Bandit;" Oct. 25, "A Great Wrong 
Righted." 

Kate Claxton appeared Nov. i, 1886, in "The Two Orphans." 
In her company were C. A. Stevenson, Alice Leigh, Dollie Pike, 
Lillian Vance, James Edwards, Joseph A. Wilkes, Heaton Manice, 
Floride Abell, Emilie Edwards, G. S. Robinson, Gertrude Cameron, 
and others. Robson and Crane came Nov. 8, in " The Comedy of 
Errors;" "The Silver King," Nov. 15; Frank Mayo, Nov. 22, in 
"Nordeck; " Nov. 29, " Held by the Enemy; " Dec. 6, Gus Williams 
in " Oh, What a Night ! " Dec. 13, Tony Hart in " Donnybrook; " 
Dec. 20, Evans and Hoey in " A Parlor Match ; " Fanny Davenport 
Dec. 27, in "Fedora; " Edmund Collier Jan. 3, 1887, as Metamora; 
Jan. 10 and 17, " Hoodman Blind; " "Private Secretary" Jan. 24; 
"A Tin Soldier" Jan. 31; Feb. 7, "The Banker's Daughter;" 
Feb. 14, " We, Us & Co ; " " The Wages of Sin " Feb. 21 ; Robert 
L. Downing Feb. 28 in " The Gladiator ; " March 7, Milton and 
Dolly Nobles in " Love and Law ; " " Passing Shadows " March 
14; Marie Aimee March 21, in "Mam'zelle." Mrs. D. P. Bowers 
appeared March 28-29, and April i in " Queen Elizabeth ; " March 
30, "Mary Stuart; " March 31, "Macbeth;" for the Wednesday 
and Saturday matinees she acted " Lady Audley's Secret " and 



176 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE tisss 



"Mary Stuart;" " Hoodman Blind" April 4; "Gypsy Baron" 
April 11; Mrs. John Drew as Mrs. Malaprop in "The Rivals" 
April 18; The Madison Square Theatre company April 2$, in 
" The Main Line, or Rawson's 7 ; " May 2, Wm. J. Scanlan in 
" Shane Na Lawn ; " James O'Neill May 9, in " Monte Cristo ; " 
Lillian Olcott May 16, in " Theodora ; " Nat Goodwin May 23, in 
"Little Jack Sheppard ; " "On The Rio Grande" May 30; Frank 
Mayo June 6, for two weeks in " Royal Guard ; " June 20, Robert 
McWade in " Rip Van Winkle ; " and the season closed June 25 , to 
reopen Aug. 22, with Kate Claxton in " The Two Orphans ; " " The 
Dominie's Daughter " Aug. 29 ; J. K. Emmet, Sept. S, in " Our 
Cousin German;" Mrs. D. P. Bowers commenced Sept. 12, in 
" Mme. Croesus," for the first time in this city, cast as follows : 



Pierre W. G. Beach 

Maurice Sidney Bowkett 

Nadia Mittens Willett 

Mme. Desvarennes, Mrs. D. P. Bowers 
Mons. Rosenberg . Geo. W. Thompson 



Mons. de Trembley 
Mons. Michaud 



Percy Hunting 
. Carl Ahrend 

Prince Henry Aveling 

Anatole Arthur Giles 

Clarice .... Alice Fairbrother 



This same work of Ohnet had been previously produced in this 
city under the title of " Serge Panine." " Our Jennie " had its first 
New York representation Dec. 26, cast as follows : 



Larry Fogarty . 
James Walton . 
Bridget Fogarty 
Our Jennie . . 



John T. Burke 

J. J. Macready 

. Emily Stowe 

Jennie Yeamans 



Jinks J. W. Summers 

Frank Farr Fred Mayer 

Mrs. Farr Addie Eaton 

Willie Wilkie .... Collin Varrey 



This was the first appearance in this city of Eugenia Jennie 
Yeamans as a star. 

Jan. 2, 1888, Thatcher and West's minstrels; Jan. 9, for two 
weeks, J. K. Emmet; Jan. 23, Kate Claxton was announced to open, 
but the death of her father prevented it. " The Two Orphans " was 
given for three nights, with Sadie Deane as Louise. Kate Claxton 
commenced Jan. 26, in Frank Harvey's melodrama, " The World 
Against Her." It had its first performance in New York, cast as 
follows : 



Madge Carlton 
Lucy Dauvers 
Liz Markland . 
James Carlton , 
Simon Clegg 
Harold Vernon . 
Jenney Clegg , 
Sally Millet . . 



. . . Kate Claxton 
. . . Leslie Tillson 
. . Maud Hosford 
Charles A. Stevenson 
. . Palmer Collins 
Payson Mackaye 
. . . Esther Lyon 
. . . Alice Leigh 



Annie Little Daisey 

Gilbert Blair ... A. H. Forrest 
Robert Danvers ... Ed. T. Hall 
Bob Millet . . . . Ed. E. Egleton 
Dick Markland . . . . R. Hickman 

Heslop Theo. Williams 

Thwaites Ed. Short 

Ned .... Master Frank Dean 



It was acted week of Jan. 30; Feb. 6, "Silver King"; Feb. 13, 
Frank Daniels in " Little Puck ; " Feb. 20, Maggie Mitchell in 



1888;] 



THE PEOPLE'S THEATRE 



177 



"Jane Eyre" and "Little Barefoot;" Feb. 27, "A Tin Soldier;" 
March 5, James O'Neill in "Monte Cristo;" March 12, N. C. 
Goodwin in " Turned Up ; " March 19, " A Rag Baby ; " March 26, 
"Hoodman Blind; " April 2, Frank Mayo in "The Royal Guard; " 
April 9, " Harbor Lights ; " April 16, W. J. Scanlan. 

Edwin F. Mayo's New York debut as a star was at this theatre 
April 23, in " Davy Crockett." Chas. T. Ellis made his New York 
d6but as a star April 30, in "Caspar the Yodler; " May 7, "Drift- 
ing Apart," by James Heme, for the first time on any stage, for two 
weeks, with this cast : 



Jack Hepburne . . . James A. Heme 
Percy Seward .... H. M. Pitt 

Silas C. W. Butler 

Mary Miller - . Katherine C. Heme 

Hestor Vic Reynolds 

Harry James Oliver 

Alec Phineas Leach 



Josh Robert Alexander 



Mrs. Seward . 
Miss Stanley 
Little Margaret . 
Miss Esterbrook 
Miss Fairchild . 



Henrietta Bert 

. Maude Jeffries 

Little Dot Winters 

. Lucille Pearson 

Adelaide Nelson 



" Among the Pines " was given for the first time in New York 
June II, with this cast: 



Capt. Allen Heartly . Eben Plympton 
Mike Leggett . . P. Aug. Anderson 



Hopgood 
Hettie . . . 
Howard Gale 
Pat Mahoney 



Thos. J. Herndon 
. Maggie Fields 
Thos. L. Coleman 
. John F. Ward 



John Dalton . . . R. F. McClannin 

Joey Wallie Eddinger 

Minnie Libby Noxon 

Marion Helen Windsor 

Jerusha Louisa Eldridge 

Solon Sheridan Tupper 



The next season commenced Aug. 20 with "Judge Not," E. H. 
Vanderfelt, F. C. Bangs, Frank Weston, Mme. Ponisi, Helen Ban- 
croft, and EflSe Ellsler in the cast. This was followed Aug. 27 by 
"The Golden Giant," Kate (Mrs. McKee) Rankin as the star; 
Sept. 3, F. A. Tannehill, Jr.'s musical comedy, " Struck Gas," with 
Carrie Tutein (Mrs. Harry Pepper) as the star; Sept. 10-17, t^e 
" tank play," " Lost in New York ; " Sept. 24 Kate Claxton appeared 
in « The World Against Her." The " tank " drama, " A Dark Secret," 
commenced a fortnight's stay on Oct. i. A benefit for the yellow- 
fever sufferers Sunday night, Oct. 7. 

Sept. 3, Frank A. Tannehill's play, " Struck Gas," when Carrie 
Tutein made her debut as a star. This play was originally called 
"Nan's Acre." Sept. 10, for two weeks, "Lost in New York;" 
Sept. 24, Kate Claxton in "The World Against Her; " Oct. i, for 
two weeks, " A Dark Secret." 

Frank Daniels began in "Little Puck" Oct. 15, followed Oct. 22 
by F. B. Warde. Walter Standish's version of Sardou's " Theodora " 
was done Oct. 29, with Phosa McAllister as the star. " Shadows of 
a Great City" Nov. 5. The Gillette company Nov. 12, in "A Legal 

VOL. II.— 12 



178 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cissg 

Wreck," followed Nov. 19 by " Paul Kauvar," with Steele Mackaye, 
Carrie Turner, Edmund Collier, and Charles Vandenhoff in the cast. 
The Madison Square Theatre company, in " Jim the Penman," Nov. 
26; James O'Neill in " Monte Cristo," Dec. 3 ; Frank Mayo, in "The 
Royal Guard " and " Nordeck," week of Dec. 10. 

Gillette's version of " She " was done Dec. 17, followed Dec. 31 by 
Johnson & Slavin's minstrels. "The Still Alarm" came Jan. 7, 
1889 for two weeks; Jan. 21, Daniel E. Bandmann in "Austerlitz" 
(Tom Taylor's old play, " Dead or Alive ") ; " Paul Kauvar " Jan. 28, 
Joseph Haworth in the title r61e; Feb. 4, Robert Mantell, in 
" Monbars," followed Feb. 1 1 for two weeks by " The Tigress," 
Selina Fetter as the star: 



Lord Noddy 
Servant . . . 
Count Beaudry 
Count Barrotti . 
Stella Barrotti . 



. Eugene Sanger 
Joseph Conlyn 
Frank Karrington 
. Ramsay Morris 
. . Selina Fetter 



Angela Romano . . Blanche Weaver 
Countess Beaudry . . Nellie Taylor 
Madame Lanine . . . Nina Freith 
Etienne Mamie Ryan 



Minnie Palmer Feb. 25, in "My Sweetheart," R. A. Roberts as 
Tony. Mrs. Langtry March 11, in "Macbeth," repeated March 
12 and 13, Duncan B. Harrison, who appeared here week of 
March 4, in "The Paymaster," returned March 15, as Mrs. Langtry 
had to retire in consequence of illness. 

J. Charles Davis, business manager of the theatre, took a benefit 
afternoon of March 14. Louis Aldrich, Ida Mulle, Amy Lee, 
Minnie Palmer, R. A. Roberts, R. B. Mantell and his " Monbars " 
the Spanish Students, "The Paymaster" company, "The Cavalier" 
company, Florence Thropp, Dot Clarendon, Elsie Leslie, W. H. 
Gillette, and others appeared. " The Stowaway " was seen March 18 ; 
" Held by the Enemy " March 25. 

April I E. H. Sothern came with " The Highest Bidder." April 
8, the Lyceum Theatre company, in " The Wife." April ij, "The 
Cavalier," Henry Lee as the star. April 22, the "tank play," 
" Lost in New York." April 29 Thomas W. Keene began an en- 
gagement in " Richelieu," and during the week was seen in "The 
Merchant of Venice," " Othello," " Hamlet," " Richard III.," and 
"Julius Caesar." The season closed May 15. 

The season of 1889-90 opened Aug. 17, with " Myrtle Ferns," 
Mai Estelle the star. The cast was: 



Emma Myrtle .... Mai Estelle 

Chick Mollie Thompson 

Edith Lizzie Emerson 

Mrs. Myrtle .... Kate Estelle 

O'Grady Arthur Sprague 

Nelson Oak . . . Frank De Vernon 



Larry W. J. Russell 

Robert Myrtle . . . Edwin Maynard 

Jake Worth F. R. Butler 

Dan Andrew Peterson 

Morgan Geo. Caron 



i8go|] 



THE PEOPLE'S THEATRE 



179 



" Silver Age " was produced Aug. 26. The cast : 



Capt. John Caton 
Harry Flint . 
Stephen Wray 
James Parker 
Dan Hyde . 
Lona Wilder 



Edwin F. Mayo 

Louis Hendricks 

. James Blake 

. Daniel Lacy 

Harry Underbill 

Jennie Williams 



Barbara Wray 
Groggy . . 
McCartT • • 
Bill . . . 
Tender Foot 



. Kitty Presser 
Marvin Ashley 
J. B. Donovan 
Harry Phillips 
. Luke Martin 



The Redmund-Barry company played " Herminie " week com- 
mencing Sept 2, followed Sept. 9 by " She; " Sept. 16, " Mankind; " 
Sept. 23, John A. Stevens in " Wife for Wife ; " Sept. 30, " Paul 
Kauvar; " Oct. 7, "The Suspect; " its first New York production, 
and with this cast : 



Duke de Pressles ^ 
Gaspard Simon >■ 
Lieut. Simon ) 
Jacques Fanon 
Count d'Assol 
Capt. Louis Robert 



. . Henry Lee 

Harry Mainhall 
. William Lee 
Alex. Kearney 



Doctor Pajol ... De Loss King 
Gilbert d'Arrennes . Minnie Seligman 

Blanche Helen Ottolengui 

Gen. Robert .... Ferd. Hight 
Bonasse .... Charles Bradshaw 



" Jim the Penman " was produced Oct. 14, by the Madison Square 
Theatre company; Oct. 21, " Sweet Lavender; " Oct. 28, " Captain 
Swift;" Nov. 4, "The Paymaster;" Nov. 11 "Almost a Life" 
had this cast: 



Walter Osmond 
. Louis Miller 
. Joseph Daly 
W. J. Leonard 
J. F. Corrigan 
. DoUie Brooks 



Avisie Doranche . . Maud Granger Collinet . . 

Jules de Bonneval . David Murray Mons. Jerome 

Monsieur Manuel Phillipe . . 

Arthur Falkland Buchanan Doumat . . 

Count Ernest Clairnot J. Clinton Hall Berincourt . 

Dr. Saumaise . . . James Bradbury Francine . . 
Countess Melanie Clairnot 

Judith Berrolde 

" Ferncliff " was seen Nov. 18 ; "A Dark Secret " Nov. 25 ; " Fas- 
cination," Dec. 2 ; " The Tourists in a Pullman Car," Dec. 9. Geo. 
C. Staley made his New York debut Dec. 16, in "A Royal Pass." 
Dec. 23, " Hands Across the Sea ; " Dec. 30, " My Jack ; " Jan. 6, 
1890, "After Dark; " Jan. 13, " The Still Alarm," for two weeks; 
Jan. 27, " Roger La Honte," by the Terriss-Millward company ; 
Robert Mantell Feb. 3, in "The Corsican Brothers;" Feb. 10, 
"Mr. Barnes of New York," with Emily Rigl in the cast. 

" Held by the Enemy " company Feb. 24, followed March 3 by 
Prof. Herrmann; March 10, "The Stowaway;" March 17, "The 
Wife;" March 24, "The Exiles," with Ralph Delmore, Nestor 
Lennon, W. S. Harkins, Harry Bradley, Adele Belgarde, Keith 
Wakeman, and C. H. Bradshaw in the cast. March 31, "The 
Burglar ; " April 7, Effie Ellsler and company in " The Governess." 
The cast: Jarvis Coulter, Frank Weston; Jack Rogers, Orrin 



l8o A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Dsgo 



Johnson ; Job Monckton, John A. Ellsler ; Adolph Honore Segrist, 
Paul R. Everton ; Jimmy Needles, Joseph Wheelock, Jr. ; Mr. Tate, 
G. H. Pickman; Mr. Jones, E. Legant ; Sam, T. A. Hetley; Mrs. 
Hamilton, Emma Butler; Lenny, Little Rica; Chrissy Rogers, 
Lucille La Verne; Helen Talbot, Pearl Means; Zorah Warden, 
Effie Ellsler. 

" Hands Across the Sea " April 14. " Guilty Without Crime " April 
21. This was an adaptation of "Aurora Floyd." Robert Mantell 
appeared April 28 in " Monbars," followed May 5 by " Bootle's Baby," 
in which Kate Claxton appeared. Mattie Vickers came May 12, in 
" Jacquine, or Paste and Diamonds." This was her stellar appearance 
in New York. " The Dead Heart," Walter H. Pollock's revised 
version of Watts Phillips' play, was done May 19 for the week. 
Adfele Payn, a lady who had had some little experience in acting, 
having been with George Miln, was the head and front of the spec- 
ulation. The cast was : Robert Landry, Joseph Wheelock ; The 
Abb6 La Tour, Henry Aveling; The Count de St. Valery, Thos. J. 
Branick ; Arthur de St. Valery (his son), Walter Pleugh ; Legrand, 
W. J. Hurley; Toupet, Harry N. Dowley; Reboul, J. H. Black; 
Michael, Floyd Minot; Jean, Edgar S. Mackay; Pierre, T. A. 
Richards; Jocrisse, J. J. Holland; Guiscard, M. Archer; A. Smith, 
Phil. Raynor; A Crier, Robt. V. Percy; A Woman, Miss Mont- 
gomery ; Cerisette, Lizzie May Ulmer ; Rose, Stella Bar ; Catharine 
Duvall, Adele Payn. The week's business was disastrous, financially. 
Mr. Wheelock had his salary of three hundred dollars deposited, and 
was secure. May 26, " One of the Bravest;" June 2, Frank Mayo 
opened in " Nordeck," and during the week played " Davy Crock- 
ett." " The Paymaster " followed June 9, for one week, and the 
company gave a performance June 16 for the benefit of Duncan B. 
Harrison. 

The next season (1890-91) opened Aug. 18 with "Eugenie Le 
Tour." The cast : Pierre Le Tour, Elmer Grandin ; Louis Romaine, 
J. T. Burke; Maurice de Franco, Myron Leffingwell; Count de 
Treville, Chas. Mortimer ; Victor Le Croix, Martin Hayden ; Paul 
Bazinne, Thomas McGrath ; M. Gilberte, E. D. Tannehill ; Lucette 
Le Croix, Marion A. Earle; Mme. Roche, Mrs. May N. Drew; 
Alline Regey, Louise Van Linden ; Nannine, Marie Monck ; Eugenie 
Le Tour, Eva Montford. 

Wm. Redmund opened Aug. 25 in "Herminie," followed Sept. i 
by " The Bottom of the Sea." The cast : 



Alexis Banalli . 
Henri de Sartene 
Ernest le Brun . 
Barney Doyle . 
Admiral de Give 
Captain le Clair . 
Gibson, first officer 



George W. Barnum 
. Adolph Jackson 
J. H. Fitzpatrick 
Eugene O'Rourke 
. Frederick Starr 
B. J. Murphy 
. James Bernard 



Orderly for the Court 
Madame le Brun . 
Madame de Sartene 
James Norton . . 
Boatswain . . . 
Emile le Brun . . 
Denizette . . . 



W. S. Weathers 
. Rita O'Neill 
Belle Douglass 
David Murray 
. J. W. Sibler 
Lillian Lee 
Fanny Cohen 



1892] THE PEOPLE'S THEATRE l8l 

J. K. Emmet commenced Sept. 8 in " Uncle Joe," followed Sept. 
15 by "An Irish Arab;" Sept. 22, John A. Stevens in " Wife for 
Wife;" Sept. 29, "Paul Kauvar;" Oct. 6, "The Governess;" Oct. 
13, "My Jack;" Oct. 20, " One of the Bravest;" Oct. 27, Oliver 
Doud Byron in " The Plunger." Nov. 3, Hallen and Hart came in 
"Later On; " Nov. 10, " Mask of Life;" Nov. 17, "Hands Across 
the Sea;" Nov. 24. M. B. Curtis and "The Shatchen;" Dec. i, 
Kate Claxton in " The Two Orphans ; " Dec. 8 Cora Tanner pro- 
duced " The Refugee's Daughter " for the first time in this city under 
that title, it having previously been acted by Clara Morris under the 
title of " Helene." 

Amy Lee was seen Dec. 1 5 in " The Clipper," with Rose Watkins as 
Mother Ridlaw; " Money Mad" came Dec. 22 for two weeks ; "A 
Dark Secret" was done Jan. 5, 1891 ; "Mankind" Jan. 12; "Mr. 
Barnes of New York " Jan. 19 ; Effie Ellsler Jan. 26 in " Hazel Kirke," 
with Charles W. Couldock in the cast ; " After Dark" Feb. 2 ; Min- 
nie Palmer Feb. 9, in " A Mile A Minute ; " " Still Alarm " Feb. 16 ; 
" The Inspector " Feb. 23 ; " Clemenceau Case " March 2 ; Prof. 
Alex. Herrmann, magician, March 9; Kate Claxton March 16, in 
" A Woman's Glory ; " " The Burglar " March 23 ; Robert Mantell 
March 30, in " The Marble Heart," repeated March 3 1 and matinee 
April I ; " Monbars " and the " Corsican Brothers " filled out the 
week. J. K. Emmet came April 6, in " Uncle Joe ; " " Bottom of 
the Sea" April 13 ; "Ticket of Leave Man " April 20, with Joseph 
Wheelock as Bob Brierly ; W. J. Scanlan was seen in " Myles Aroon " 
April 27 ; "The Witch " came May 4, for the first time to this city ; 
Jane Coombs appeared May 1 1, in " Bleak House ; " " Kidnapped " 
came May 18 for two weeks, and the season closed May 30. 

The house reopened Aug. 15, 1891, with " Fabio Romani ; " Agnes 
Herndon was seen Aug. 24 in " La Belle Marie ; " " Through by 
Daylight " Aug. 31, with James M. Ward as the star; " Danger Sig- 
nal " Sept. 7. This play was previously known as " The Main Line." 
Eva Montford came Sept. 14 in " East Lynne ; " John A. Stevens 
Sept. 21 in " Unknown ; " " Paul Kauvar " Sept. 28 ; " Patrol " Oct. 
5 ; Cora Tanner Oct. 12, in " Will She Divorce Him .? " " My Jack " 
Oct 19; "A Fair Rebel " Oct. 26 ; Hallen and Hart, with " Later 
On," Nov. 2 ; " One of the Bravest " Nov. 9 ; Oliver Doud Byron 
Nov. 16, in "The Plunger;" "Jack Royal of the 92," with Harry 
Lacy as the star, Nov. 23 ; Carroll Johnson Nov. 30, in the " Gos- 
soon." Clara Morris appeared in " Odette " Dec. 7 ; " Power of the 
Press " came Dec. 14 for two weeks ; " After Dark " was done Dec. 
28, in the fourth act of which James J. Corbett, the pugilist, appeared. 
"A Royal Pass" was given Jan. 4, 1892; Robert L. Downing Jan. 
II, also matinde and night of Jan. 16 in the " Gladiator ;" " Taming 
of the Shrew " and " French Marriage " (first time in this city) mat- 
inee Jan. 13; "Virginius" night of Jan. 13; "Damon and Pythias" 



1 82 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1893 

Jan. 14; "Julius Csesar," Jan. 15. Robert Mantell came Jan. 18, in 
" The Louisianian ; " Effie Ellsler Jan. 25, in " Hazel Kirke," C. W. 
Couldock as Dunstan ; " Mr. Barnes of New York " Feb. i ; Joseph 
Murphy Feb. 8, in " The Donogh " for three nights, and " Kerry 
Gow" the balance of the week ; Kate Claxton Feb. 15, in "Two 
Orphans ; " " Eight Bells " Feb. 22 ; " Still Alarm " Feb. 29 ; " The 
Bells " March 7, with Joseph Haworth as the star ; " Jack Royal " 
March 14; Katie Emmett March 21, in " The Waifs ; " " Clemenceau 
Case " March 28 ; "A Midnight Alarm " April 4, for the first time 
in New York ; Prof. Alex. Herrmann was seen April 1 1 ; Evans and 
Hoey came April 18, in " A Parlor Match ; " " Kidnapped " April 25 ; 
" Dangers of a Great City " May 2 ; " The Colleen " May 9 ; Mattie 
Vickers May 16, in " Edelweiss ; " " Irish Inspiration " was seen for 
the first time on any stage May 23. The season closed June 4 with 
" The House on the Marsh." 

The next season began August 13, 1892, with "Fabio Romani;" 
Sadie Scanlan was seen Aug. 22, in " Nora Machree; " " The Ven- 
detta " Aug. 29 ; " Police Patrol " Sept. S ; " Paul Kauvar " Sept. 12 ; 
Eva Montford, in " East Lynne," Sept. 19 ; " Larry the Lord " Sept. 
26, with R. E. Graham as the star ; " Wide, Wide World " Oct. 3 ; 
"My Jack" Oct. 10; " Power of the Press" Oct. 17; Carroll John- 
son Oct. 24, in "The Gossoon;" "The Black Detective" Oct. 31, 
with Wash Melville as the star ; Oliver Doud Byron Nov. 7 in "Across 
the Continent ; " " Fire Patrol " Nov. 14 ; " Gentleman Jack " Nov. 
21, with James J. Corbett, the pugilist, as the star. "The Power of 
Gold" was given Nov. 28 for the first time in America. It was 
originally entitled " Man to Man." " Danger Signal " came Dec. 5 ; 
"The Silver King" Dec. 12; Evans and Hoey Dec. 19; "White 
Squadron " Dec. 26 ; " Eight Bells " opened with the matinee of 
Jan. 2, 1893. "At the Carnival" came Jan. 9, for the first time in 
New York. It was originally called " Beatrice." " The Span of 
Life " was seen Jan. 16, for the first time in New York. It was 
originally acted in America at Philadelphia the week previous. 
" Hazel Kirke " came Jan. 23 with Effie Ellsler and C. W. Couldock 
in the cast. " Midnight Bell " Jan. 30. " Across the Potomac " 
Feb. 6; "Flag of 'Truce" Feb, 13; "Blue Jeans" Feb. 20; "A 
Night at the Circus " Feb. 27, with Nellie McHenry as the star. 
" Killarney " came March 6, with Katie Emmett as the star. " Sport 
McAllister" was done March 13; "Power of Gold" March 20; 
" Operator " March 27, the Newell Brothers as the stars. " Ma- 
vourneen" was seen April 3, with Chauncey Olcott as the star. 
"The Planter's Wife" came April 10; John T. Kelly April 17, in 
" McFee of Dubhn." " Jane," preceded by " Chums," was seen April 
24, with Johnstone Bennett as the star. Vernona Jarbeau appeared 
May I in "Starlight." "Lost Paradise" May 8; "Belle Marie" 
May 15, with Agnes Herndon as the star. " A Girl with a Temper" 



i8g4] 



THE PEOPLE'S THEATRE 



183 



was given May 17, for the first time in this city. " My Colleen" 
came May 22 ; " Uncle Tom's Cabin " May 29 ; and the season closed 
June 3. 

The next season began Aug. 12, with Milton Nobles in "The 
Phoenix." " The Silver King " was seen Aug. 21:" McFee of Dub- 
lin" Aug. 28; "Eight Bells" Sept. 4; "Old Kentucky" Sept. 11; 
"Powerof Gold" Sept. 18; " Mavourneen " Sept. 25 ; "Blue Jeans" 
Oct. 2 ; " Across the Potomac " Oct. 9 ; " Power of the Press " Oct. 
16; " Lost Paradise" Oct. 23 ; "Ensign" Oct. 30; Hallenand Hart in 
" The New Idea " Nov. 6 ; " The White Squadron " Nov. 13 ; " Police 
Patrol" Nov, 20; " Span of Life" Nov. 27; "Flag of Truce" Dec. 
4; "A Nutmeg Match" Dec. 11; "Struggle of Life" Dec. 18; 
" Patent Applied For" Dec. 25 ; "New South" Jan. i, 1894; Oliver 
Doud Byron Jan. 8, in " The Hero of Africa." In England this play 
was called "The Dark Continent." Effie EUsler came Jan. 15, in 
" Doris." Gus Hegee Jan. 22, in " Yon Yonson ; " " District Fair " 
Jan. 29 ; " My Jack " Feb. S ; " Paul Kauvar " Feb. 12 ; J. K. Emmet 
Feb. 19, in "Fritz; " "Blue Grass" Feb. 26, with this cast; 



Mary Brand . . . Mrs. Cjfril Norman 
John Brand .... R. A. Roberts 
Col. Nicholas Decatur Joseph Brennan 
Louis Berthelot . . . Emmett C. King 
J. Fitzclarence Jones . [Albert Roberts 
Hercules John Watson 



SheriflF Brown . . . . J. H. Ready 
Deputy Jim .... H. A. Morton 
Mrs. Violet Raymond 

Florence Ashbrooke 
Lydia Brand . . . Gerome Edwardy 
Aunt Dinah . . . Polly Poland King 



March 5, Jennie Yeamans was the star; "Poor Girls" was seen 
March 12. Henry Chanfrau March 19, in "Kit;" "Lady Win- 
dermere's Fan " March 16 ; "A Man Among Men " March 23 ; 
" Hoodman Blind " March 30, with Frederick de Belleville, as the 
star. " The Rising Generation " came May 7. The theatre was 
closed May 11 and 12, owing to the death of Mrs. Henry Miner. 
"The Diamond Breaker" was given May 14; "Midnight Alarm" 
May 21. The season closed May 26. 

The next season began August 20 with " Derby Mascot " for the 
first time in this city. " Men and Women " was played Aug. 27 ; 
"The Limited Mail" Sept. 3. "Fantasma" Sept. 10; J. K. Emmet, 
Jr., Sept. 17, in "Fritz in a Madhouse; " "Silver King" Sept. 24; 
Florence Bindley Oct. i, in "The Captain's Mate; " "The Girl I 
Left Behind Me" Oct. 8; "A Ride for Life" Oct. 15; "Steve" 
Brodie appeared Oct. 22, in "On the Bowery;" "Struck Oil" was 
done with this cast Oct. 29 : 

John Stofel, Al. H. Wilson ; Lizzie Stofel, Jane Stuart ; Mrs. 
Susan Stofel, Emma Maddern Stevens; Eben Skinner, William 
Herbert; Flynn, George M. Brennan; William Pearson, Milton 
Lipman. Hallen and Hart came Nov, 5 in " Later On ; " Primrose 
and West's minstrels Nov. 12; "Paul Kauvar" Nov. 19; "Rose- 



184 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1896 

dale" Nov. 26, with Joseph S. Haworth as Elliot Grey; Isabelle 
Evesson, Rosa Leigh ; Louis Foy, Bunberry Kobb ; Charles Abbott, 
Miles McKenna ; and Charles B. Hanford as Matthew Leigh. 
" Old Glory " was seen Dec. 3 ; " The Rising Generation " Dec. 10 ; 
"In the Tenderloin" Dec. 17; " Man without a Country" Dec. 24 ; 
Chauncey Olcott Dec. 3 1, in " The Irish Artist ; " " Darkest Russia " 
Jan. 7, 1895 ; Effie Ellsler Jan. 14, in " Doris ; " " Shaft No. 2." Jan. 
21 ; " Power of the Press" Jan. 28; "On the Mississippi," Feb. 4. 

Oliver Doud Byron was seen Feb. 11, in " Ups and Downs of 
Life ; " " Yon Yonson " came Feb. 18 ; " Rush City" Feb. 25 ; " On 
the Bowery " with Steve Brodie as the star, March 4 ; " Charley's 
Aunt " March 11 ; " Cross Roads of Life" March 18, with Edmund 
Collier as the star. "The Cotton King" came March 25, "Spider 
and the Fly" April i; "Friends" April 8; "Police Inspector" 
April 15; " Fallen Among Thieves " April 22, for the first time in 
America, with Andrew Robson, Edward Maynard, John Bonnelli, 
John Gourlay, Margaret Feeley, Lillian Lamson, Nina Freith, and 
Nellie Sheldon in the cast. Walter Kennedy the " strong man " first 
appeared on the stage as an actor April 29, in " Samson." " Special 
Delivery" came May 6; Mme. Janauschek appeared with Kate 
Claxton in " The Two Orphans " May 13 ; " Two Sisters " were seen 
May 20 ; Agnes Herndon, May 27, in " La Belle Marie ; " " Logan's 
Luck" was done June 3, first time on any stage. The season closed 
June 8. 

The next season began Aug. 10, with Walter Lawrence in 
"Fabio Romani;" "The Engineer" was seen Aug. 19; "The 
Great Brooklyn Handicap " Aug. 26 ; " Span of Life " Sept. 2 ; 
"Captain Paul" Sept. 9; "White Rat" Sept. 16; "Land of the 
Living " Sept. 23 ; " Slaves of Gold " Sept. 30 ; " Humanity " Oct. 7 ; 
"Ride for Life," Oct. 14; "Struggle of Life," Oct. 21; "Sons of 
the Night " Oct. 28 ; " In a Big City " was seen Nov. 4, with 
"Bobby" Gayler as the star. Florence Bindley came Nov. 11, in 
"The Captain's Mate; " Oliver Doud Byron Nov. 18, in " Ups and 
Downs of Life ; " " Old Glory " Nov. 25 ; " The Man-of-War's-Man " 
Dec. 2; "Eight Bells "Dec. 9; "Galley Slave" Dec. 16; Joseph 
Callahan in " Faust " Dec. 23 ; " Human Hearts " (previously called 
" Logan's Luck") was done Nov. 30; "The Cotton King" Jan. 6, 
1896. "A Romance of Coon Hollow" was produced Jan. 13, with 
Lizzie Evans as the star. " In sight of St. Paul's " came Jan. 20 ; 
" Down on the Suawanee River " Jan. 27 ; " Bonnie Scotland " Feb. 
3; "On the Bowery" Feb. 10; "Saved from the Sea" Feb. 17; 
« Arm of the Law" Feb. 24; " Silver King" March 2 ; " Tornado" 
March 9; "A Trip to Chinatown" March 16; A. H. Sheldon 
retired from the business management of this theatre March 9, 
and Thomas W. Miner succeeded him on that date. "Darkest 
Russia" was seen March 23; Prof. Herrmann came March 30; 



189711 



THE PEOPLE'S THEATRE 



185 



" Lion's Heart " April 6, with Carl Haswin as the star. " The 
Trolley Party" came April 13; "The Diamond Breaker" April 20; 
"The White Slave" April 27; "Land of the Midnight Sun" 
May 4. " The World Against Her " May 1 1 ; and the season 
closed May 16. 

The next season began Sept. 5, with " Saved from the Sea ; " 
"Sidewalks of New York" was seen Sept. 14; " Human Hearts" 
Sept. 21; "A Happy Little Home" Sept. 28; "Land of the 
Living" Oct. 5; " Hogan's Alley" Oct. 12; "The Great Train 
Robbery" Oct. 19; "A Temperance Town " Oct. 26; "The Great 
Northwest " Nov. 2 ; " Nihilists " Nov. 9, for the debut in this city 
of Theo Kremer the author. " Fatal Card " Nov. 16 ; " Turn of the 
Tide" Nov. 23, with Oliver Doud Byron as the star; " Down in 
Dixie " Nov. 30 ; " A Bowery Girl " Dec. 7 ; " When London Sleeps " 
Dec. 14; "Darkest America" Dec. 21; "Under the Polar Star" 
Dec. 28; " Fatal City " Jan. 4, 1897, for the first time on any stage 
with George C. Boniface, Sen. ; George M. Kidder, Geo. A. D. John- 
son ; Charles Charters, Lillian Harper, and Adelaide Fitz Allen in 
the cast. " The Power of the Press " was seen Jan. 11;" On the 
Bowery " Jan 18 ; " Sporting Duchess " Jan. 25 ; "A Night in New 
York" Feb. i, with Nelly McHenry as the star; "The Span of 
Life" came Feb. 8; " Midnight Bell" Feb. 15; " Eight Bells" Feb. 
22 ; " Fallen Among Thieves " March i ; " A Boy Wanted " March 
8; " Brother for Brother " March 1$ ; Maggie Cline in " On Broad- 
way " March 22 ; Edward Harrigan, March 29, in " Old Lavender ; " 
"Superba" April 5; "Hogan's Alley," April 12; and the season 
closed April 17. 

The next season began Aug. 16, 1897, with A. H. Sheldon as 
lessee and manager. " Fabio Romani " was the opening attraction, 
with Aiden Benedict in the title r61e. " Side Tracked " was done 
Aug, 23 ; " New York Day by Day " Ai^g. 30 ; " The Indian " Sept. 
6, with Al Lipman as the star. " The Great Train Robbery " came 
Sept. 13; Katie Emmett Sept. 20 in "Waifs of New York;" 
" McFadden's Row of Flats " Sept. 27 ; " The Sidewalks of New 
York " Oct. 4 ; " Coon Hollow " Oct. 11;" The Burglar " Oct. 18 ; 
Oliver Doud Byron Oct. 25 in " The Plunger " ; Lillian Lewis Nov. i 
in " For Liberty and Love." " Old Money Bags " Nov. 8 ; " Always 
on Time" Nov. 15 with this cast: 

Dick Sturdy . . . . W. R. Walters 
Sidney Cuthbert . . Taylor Carroll 
Parson Dwight . . . . J. S. Stewart 
Jim Sawyer .... William Turner 
Larry Sullivan . . . . C. Jay Smith 
Jack Davis .... Mac M. Barnes 

" Cherry Pickers " Nov. 22 ; "A Guilty Mother " Nov. 29 ; " Made- 
line of Fort Reno," with Adelaide Fitz Allen as the star, Dec. 6. 



Ned Ballard . . . Daniel F. McCoy 
Ling Ling .... W. H. St. James 
Belle Cuthbert Laura Dacre St. James 
Miss Abigail Prince . Minnie Wilson 
Nell Anna Little 



1 86 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE DsgS 

Charles Leonard Fletcher was seen Dec. 13, in "Dr. Jekyl and Mr. 
Hyde ; " a pantomime show Dec. 20 ; " The Fast Mail " Dec. 27 ; 
" Shannon of the Sixth" Jan. 3, 1898 ; "Heart of Chicago" Jan. 10; 
" Humanity " Jan. 17; "The Tornado" Jan. 24; W. S. Hart, Jan. 
31 in " The Man with the Iron Mask ; " Leon and Adelaide Herrmann, 
magicians, Feb. 7; " A Parisian Romance," also " The Violin Maker 
of Cremona" Feb. 14, with Charles Fletcher as the star. "The 
Last Stroke" was given Feb. 21; "A Midnight Trust" Feb. 28; 
Rachel Renard in "Leah " March 7; "Tennessee's Pardner" March 
14 ; " The Inside Track " March 2 1 ; the Indian actress Go-won-Go- 
Mohawk, came in a play, with her own name March 28 ; Creston 
Clarke April 4, in " The Last of His Race " by Creston Clarke : 



Prince Okolski > 
Ivan Okolski | ' ' 
Father Antoine Pascal 
Nicolai KarachefF 
Doctor Dimitri . 
Vassali DromirofF 
Niclovitch . . 
Petroff .... 
Lucien de Veaujour 
Emile de la Fallaise 



Creston Clarke 

. John Carter 

G. D. Parker 

J. J. Sambrook 

R. Burton 

. P. S. Barratt 

L. D. Wharton 

. W. Percival 

G. Eversleigh 



Baron de Floriac . . . L. B. Grey 

Baptiste W. Chessman 

Pol C. Yorke 

Clovis Alice Gale 

Madelon Lucy Stone 

Melanie de Beaulieu, Jessie M. Fisher 
Louise de St. Cyr . . Bessie Gattlin 
Comtesse de Champcey . Edith Gale 
Marie de Neuville . . Adelaide Prince 



" The Westerner " April 11;" Cruiskeen Lawn " April 18 ; " Gettys- 
burg " April 25 ; Jessie Mae Hall appeared May 2, in " Princess of 
Patches " by Mark Swan ; " At Fort Bliss " May 9 ; " A Spy of 
Spain " May 17, by Willis Arden ; " A Union Soldier " May 23, by 
David Higgins. This was the old play of " Burr Oaks " with a new 
title. The " Cuban's Vendetta " came May 30 ; " Shadows of the 
Past," an adaptation of Mark Twain's " Tom Sawyer," June 6. The 
season closed June 11. 

The next season began August 15, with "The Midnight Flood; " 
"Gettysburg" August 22; "The Light on the Point" Aug. 29; 
" McSorley's Twins " Sept. S ; " A Factory Waif " Sept. 12 ; "A 
Daughter of Cuba " Sept. 19, by Jean Mawson, " Killarney and the 
Rhine" Sept. 26; "Cuba's Vow" Oct. 3; "The Secret Enemy" 
Oct. 10; "Down on the Farm " Oct 17; "The Sleeping City," by 
Octavius Cohen, Oct. 24 with this cast : 



Jack Morton . . 
Lou Morton . . 
Charles Creston . 
Bill Wattles . . 
Michael Mulcahey 
Fritz Dinkewinkle 
Sam Harris . . 
Doctor Grubb 
Jim 



. Rogers Barker 

.Lester A. Davis 

Randolph Murray 

George T. Meech 

. James F. Casey 

. Fred Mendoza 

. J. B. Boardman 

Frank A. Auburne 

. Edward Hurly 



The Whistling Comedian 

Harry F. Winsman 

Foxey E. F. Tabor 

Slim George Flint 

Ethel Baintree . . Lazette Du Brock 
Cora Creston . . Florence Courtney 
Widow Riley . . Maggie Le Clair 
Maggie Riley .... Belle Gold 



I862D PALACE GARDEN 187 

"A Celebrated Case " with Maja Spencer (May Nunez) as Madeline 
and Adrienne Oct. 31 ; "The Wheel of Fortune" was seen Nov. 7; 
"Tom Edison the Electrician " Nov. 14; "John Martin's Secret" 
Nov. 21 ; "Tempest Tossed" Nov. 28 ; "The Two Wanderers," by 
Wm. H. Rightmire, Dec. 5 ; "Under the Dome" Dec. 12; " Chain 
of Destiny " Dec. 19 ; a new version of " The Courier of Lyons." 
" Remember the Maine " was done Dec. 26 ; " When London Sleeps " 
Jan. 2, 1899; Jos. Callahan came in " Faust " Jan. 9 ; "Chattanoo- 
ga " Jan. 16 ; " The Shadow Detective " Jan. 23 ; " The Heart of Chi- 
cago " Jan. 30 ; " Knobs of Tennessee " Feb. 6 ; " Land of the Living " 
Feb. 13 ; " On the Wabash " Feb. 20 ; " The Dawn of Freedom," Feb. 
27 ; "The Victorian Cross " March 6 ; " A High-born Lady " March 
13; "The World Against Her" March 20; "Outcasts of a Great 
City " March 27 ; J. E. Toole, in " Rip Van Winkle " April 3 ; Murray 
and Mack in " Finnigan's 400 " April 10 ; " Kidnapped " April 17 ; 
" The Burglar " April 24 ; " An American Hero " May i ; " Police In- 
spector" May 8. The season closed May 13. The house reopened 
Sunday night, Aug. 6, 1899, under the management of Messrs. 
Adler, Edelstein, and Thomasch as a Hebrew theatre, and it con- 
tinues as such up to the present date. 



PALACE GARDEN 

A FAMOUS place of amusement forty-odd years ago was the 
" Palace Garden." It was situated on the north side of 
Fourteenth Street, between Sixth and Seventh avenues on the site 
now occupied by the 22d Regiment Armory, adjoining the lot in 
which the Fourteenth Street theatre is built. It was fitted up and 
opened July i, 1858, as a promenade garden. Miscellaneous con- 
certs were given nightly, and occasionally there was a display of 
fireworks. De, Forrest & Teesdale were proprietors. Thomas 
Baker had a large orchestra, and the establishment was popular in 
the summer months. Thomas Baker took his first benefit in 
America here Aug. 24. Carl Formes and several other singers 
appeared. During the summer months C. V. De Forrest was the 
manager, and concerts were given. Carl Bergman, Harvey Dod- 
worth, and G. F. Bristow were the musical directors. J. Van Am- 
burgh & Co's menagerie was on exhibition Nov. 21. The Holman 
Opera company commenced Aug. 27, i860. 

Miscellaneous concerts and various entertainments were given 
during the season of 1860-61. From this building down to and 
including the Fourteenth Street theatre, was an open lot, running 
through to Fifteenth Street. Early in the summer of 1862, Mr. 
De Forrest leased the entire property for the purpose of converting 
it into a summer resort similar to the Cremorne Gardens, London 



1 88 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisea 



Commencing at the lot nearest to Sixth Avenue was a canvas top, 
beneath which a regular equestrian performance was given ; adjoining, 
to the west, was a fantastic edifice, called Floral Hall, furnished with 
trees, flowers, and shrubbery. The main garden itself was rich in 
flower-pots, fountains, statuary, pleasant walks, and tables and rustic 
chairs for the convenience of those who wished to revel in ices, 
creams, and refreshments, but no intoxicating drinks were permitted 
on the premises. 

NIXON'S CREMORNE GARDENS 

THE Garden was open at 7.30 every evening, and the enter- 
tainment commenced with a performance of about one and 
a half hours in the Palace of Music. This consisted of a pantomime, 
ballet, opera, or concert, a change being made every week. Then the 
visitor took a promenade in the Garden, and listened to the music 
of Baker's orchestra, or partook of some refreshments ; after about 
thirty minutes' concert, they repaired to Floral Hall, after which the 
equestrian performances of about one and one half hours took place. 
Frequently a brilliant display of fireworks was given at the close. 
The following is a copy of the opening programme: 

Manager, James M. Nixon ; business manager, Col. T. AUston Brown. 

A beautiful Chinese Pagoda adorns the centre, and the rear of the spacious 
area is ornamented with a magnificent Japanese tower scene ; beyond which is 
the Turkish Pavilion, under which will be given, every afternoon and evening, 
equestrian performances. First afternoon opening on Wednesday, June 9, 1862, 
and then every afternoon and evening, except Sunday, during the season. The 
miniature men. Com. Foote and Col. Small. 

The musical department under the direction of Thomas Baker. The stage 
entertainments will consist of opera, ballet, and pantomime, for which the best 
artists in the country have been engaged. The opera will be led by Carlotta 
Patti. The ballet will be led by Isabel Cubas. In the operatic department are 
already engaged: Carlotta Patti, Sig. Sbriglia, Mme. Strakosch, Sig. Ardavani, 
and many others, under the direction of Sig. Debreuil. For the ballet, there 
will be, at present, Signorita Cubas, Sig. Ximines, Carolina Theleur. The Palace 
of Music will be open for evening performances at 7^ P. M., Mr. Baker leading a 
promenade concert. The opera and ballet will be given at 8 o'clock, after which 
the concerts in the Cremorne Gardens and equestrian performances in the 
Turkish Pavilion. Admission to Palace of Music, Cremorne Gardens, and 
Equestrian School, 25 cts. only; reserved armchairs in Palace of Music, 25 cts. 
extra; orchestra armchairs, 25 cts. extra. 

Harvey Dodworth led the orchestra here Aug. 23. Several 
representatives of the Iroquois Indians gave exhibitions in dancing 
Aug. 30. Nixon & Kemp's Equestrian troupe appeared Oct. 25. 
James Melville and family, Rentz, Durand, Painter, Geo. Ross, 
Adelaide and Frank Nixon, G. W. Sergeant and Mons. Gregoire 
were the equestrians and acrobats, and the clowns were William Lake, 



l8S9ll 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



189 



Sig. Blitz, Mons. Frangois, and Tom Linton. Performances were 
given afternoon and evening. " Cinderella " was presented Nov. 10, 
by children. On Nov. 16, William Pastor, equestrian, and Emeline 
Loyal, equestrienne, appeared. For the benefit of W. H. Kemp, 
Nov. 23, Tony Pastor, "The American Clown," appeared. Prof. 
Starr with his party of living animals were seen Nov. 25, and the 
season terminated Nov. 27. Stage and equestrian performances 
combined were given, the Checini troupe of juvenile pantomimists 
and dancers appeared. Among the circus performers were Philo 
Nathans, Tony Pastor, and W. Donaldson, the black clown. 

Mrs. T. B. Phelps rented this place for one week for a Horticul- 
tural Festival, May 9. There were addresses by Henry Ward 
Beecher, Rev. Dr. Tyng, Wendell Phillips, and W. H. Fry. 

The Garden was closed on the approach of cold weather. It 
failed to pay. It was started too soon. If it was in operation now, 
probably it would be a money-making place of amusement during 
the summer months. M. C. Campbell reopened the Palace Music 
Hall Nov. 10, 1862, with a minstrel company, but business did not 
warrant him continuing after Dec. 6. Buckley's Serenaders ap- 
peared Dec. 22, and closed Jan. 3, 1863, and that was about the 
last entertainment given there. The Sanitary Commission erected 
buildings on this site in April, 1864, and held a fair there. The 
ground is now occupied by the Fourteenth Street Theatre and the 
22d Regiment Armory. 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 

UNTIL the year 1859, the Old Bowery Theatre had practically 
the East side of the city as a field entirely of its own. But 
in that year a formidable rival appeared in the shape of the New 
Bowery Theatre, which was opened Sept. 5, 1859, by Geo. L. Fox 
and James W. Lingard. Its exterior dimensions were 75 feet on 
the Bowery, 204 feet in depth and 100 feet on Elizabeth Street. 
The auditorium was capable of seating 2,500 persons. The stage 
was 85 feet deep and 50 wide at the proscenium. The house was 
situated between New Canal and Hester streets, two blocks north 
of the Old Bowery, and on the same side of the way. The entrance 
on the Bowery was through a colonnade, supported by Corinthian 
pillars of iron. A full view of the stage was to be had from almost 
every seat in the auditorium. The programme with which this 
theatre opened consisted of " The Orange Girl of Venice " and 
" The Four Lovers." The cast of " The Orange Girl of Venice " 
was: 



Visconti Galliano . . . J. E. Nagle 
Jacopi Foscari . . Welsh Edwards 
Leonard Foscari . . . .J- Nunan 



Guido Uberini . 
Vasquez Spadillo 
Eugenia Coletti . 



J. J. McCloskey 
. Chas. K. Fox 
Cordelia Cappell 



190 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C'SSo 



Nicoletti G. L. Fox 

Manuel Coletti .... D. Oakley 

Genario James Dunn 

Spoletti S. Bradshaw 

Paulo M. B. Pike 



Rugini Mr. Stanton 

Odo W. Mitchell 

Pietro Mr. Montgomery 

Isabel Mrs. J. E. Nagle 

Juanetta Kate Fisher 



In " The Four Lovers," Asa Cushman acted Rithcraft, and Minnie 
Jackson was the Lauretto. 

J. J. McCloskey remained here until the breaking out of the Civil 
War, when he enlisted and went South. The company, in addition 
to those seen in the above cast, included the following people : J. G. 
Hanley, James Pilgrim (dramatist), James Lingard, C. Wilkinson 
(who died at Worcester, Mass., March 2, 1888), Mrs. France, and 
others. 

J. G. Hanley appeared Sept. 8, as Ben Bowling in " Ben the 
Boatswain." " Garibaldi, or the Invasion of Sardinia, " was acted 
for the first time on any stage Sept. 24. It ran until Oct. 6, when 
Boucicault's drama, " The Phantom," was done. " The Hunter Spy 
of Virginia, or the Ocean Martyr " was a new drama by Pilgrim, 
first acted Oct. 10. " New York and Brooklyn, or the Poor Sewing 
Girl," was produped Oct. 17. "The Man with the Iron Mask" was 
played Oct. 19, with J. E. Nagle as Gaston. " Stella Delorme, or 
the Comanche Chief," a dramatization by Pilgrim, was seen Oct. 24, 
when Mrs. W. G. Jones made her first appearance here, acting Ada 
McAlpine. 

" Uncle Tom's Cabin " was done here Oct. 31, with J. W. Lingard 
as Uncle Tom, G. C. Howard as St. Clair, G. L. Fox as Phineas 
Fletcher, Mrs. G. C. Howard as Topsy, and Cordelia Howard as 
Eva. " Fast Women of the Modern Time, or Life in the City and 
Suburbs," was presented Nov. 14, when Fanny Herring made her 
first appearance in this theatre, acting seven characters. Mrs. W. 
G. Jones assumed six characters. Billy O'Neil first acted here 
Nov. 19 in " The Limerick Boy." 

A. J. Neafie was seen Nov. 26, as Macbeth, Mrs. W. G. Jones as 
Lady Macbeth. Nov. 29 he acted in " Richard III. ; " Nov. 30, 
"The Corsican Brothers;" Dec. 5, in "Faust;" Dec. 10, in "Wil- 
liam Tell." ''''Harolde, or The Maniac's Leap," by Neafie, was first 
produced here Dec. 12. A. H. Purdy received a benefit Dec. 14. 
On Dec. 23 "The People's Lawyer," "Why Don't She Marry?" 
"Whirligig Hall," and "The Happy Man" made up the bill. 
" Pocahontas, or the Gentle Savage," was seen Dec. 24, with G. L. 
Fox as Powhatan, James Dunn as Capt. John Smith, Fanny Herring 
as Pocahontas. John Brougham's national drama, " The Miller of 
New Jersey," was done Dec. 28. Eph Horn and Charley White 
came Jan. 4, i860, and appeared between the pieces, giving "Old 
Bob Ridley " and Woman's Rights Lecture. 

Geo. C. Boniface made his first appearance here Jan. 7, as Luke 



1860] NEW BOWERY THEATRE 191 

Fielding in " The Willow Copse," Mrs. W. G. Jones as Rose Field- 
ing. " Lord of the Isles " was played Jan. 9. " Halvei The Un- 
known," Jan. 13, with Boniface in the title r61e. Jan. 16 "The Man 
of the Red Mansion " had its first representation. " The Octoroon, 
or Life in Louisiana," with lone Burke as Paul, Geo. Boniface as 
Wah-no-tee, was given Jan. 23. J. J. Prior took a benefit Feb. i, 
and acted Macduff to Boniface's Macbeth. " The Octoroon " was 
also played. Lucille and Helen Western first appeared here Feb. 6, 
in " The Three Fast Men." Johnny Forbes, the trick drummer, 
made his New York debut on this occasion. On Feb. 13 Lucille 
acted "Jack Sheppard;" Feb. 14, "The French Spy;" Feb. 15 
" Polly Jordan, the Vermont Girl's Visit to New York," by W. B. 
English, was produced ; Feb 16, " Actress of Padua " with Lucille as 
La Tisbe, Helen as Catarina; Feb. 18, "Jack Sheppard," Lucille as 
Jack; also " Wept-of-the-Wish-ton-Wish," Helen as Naramattah. 
" Wolfgang, or The Wrecker's Daughter," by John F. Poole, was 
presented Feb. 20. 

A. J. Neafie appeared Feb. 27, acting Wi-com-i-ket in Conway's 
Indian drama of that name, written expressly for him. Mons. 
Deruth K. Goshon, the giant, was first seen here March i, as Cousin 
Joe in " The Rough Diamond." " The Dancing Feather, or Amateur 
Freebooters," a melodrama, was first played March 5. Geo. C. Bon- 
iface acted the Dane, and Mrs. W. G. Jones Queen Gertrude, in 
" Hamlet," March 9. C. W. Tayleure's " Horseshoe Robinson " was 
first seen here March 12. C. W. Taylor appeared in "Belphegor" 
March 15. J. G. Arnold made his first appearance in this city in 
three years, acting Jerry Clip in " The Widow's Victim" March 16. 
Mrs. M. A. Farren and her daughter, Fanny Fitz-Farren, appeared 
March 19, in " Love's Venom, or the Heart's Mysteries ; " March 22, 
"Lucrezia Borgia; " March 23, "The Wrecker's Daughter;" March 
24, " Jane Shore ; " March 26, " Venetian, or the Bravo's Oath ; " 
March 29, "Pizarro;" and March 30, "The Queen and the 
Mechanic," with Mrs. Farren as Mary Tudor. Cordelia Howard 
and her parents reappeared April 2, in "Dred, or the Dismal 
Swamp;" April 3, "Ida May;" April 5, "Uncle Tom's Cabin." 
C. W. Taylor as Uncle Tom, G. C. Boniface as Geo. Harris. For 
the benefit of Cordelia Howard, April 6, "Uncle Tom's Cabin," 
"Oliver Twist," — Mrs. G. C. Howard as Nancy Sikes, Cordelia 
Howard as Oliver Twist, G. C. Boniface as Bill Sikes, — and the 
trick pantomime " Magic Trumpet " formed the bill. The Howards 
terminated their engagement April 7, with "Little Katy, The Hot 
Corn Girl." A complimentary benefit was tendered Fox & Lingard, 
April II. In the afternoon "Uncle Tom's Cabin" and "Mother 
Goose " were given, and the evening bill was made up of " The Page 
of History; " "Betsy Baker," — J. M. Ward as Crummy, and Chas. 
Hale as Marmaduke Mouser, — the Denier Brothers in an act ; Anna 



192 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1860 



France with song ; " Fortune's Frolic," Harry Pearson as Robin 
Roughhead ; a dance by Minnie Jackson ; the farce, " Slasher and 
Crasher ; " song by J. A. Herman ; ballad by Kate Leslie ; the Ethio- 
pian farce, " Negro Blunders ; " and " The Bride of the Old Frontier." 
The testimonial was continued the following night, and the pro- 
gramme was: "The Page of History," "Lola Montez," "The 
Veteran and his Progeny," "The Maid of Munster," "Box and 
Cox," and "Tom Cringle's Log." In "Lola Montez," Caroline 
Chapman acted Katherine Kloper, Robert Johnston, Philip Gar- 
bois, in " The Veteran." Emily Mestayer was the Kate O'Brien, 
and C. W. Clarke the Charles, in " The Maid of Munster." Cordelia 
Howard reappeared April 13, in " Old and Young," in which she 
assumed three characters, and danced a hornpipe. " Robin Hood, the 
Bold Outlaw," was first acted April 16. " The Track in the Snow," 
April 28. "Harry Blake, the Man that Travels on his Muscle," 
dramatized by G. L. Aiken, had its first hearing May 7. " King of 
the Commons " with J. W. Wallack, Jr., as King James, and " Grand- 
father Whitehead " were played May 18, with Geo. Jamison in the 
title r61e. 

J. W. Wallack Jr., and Mr. and Mrs. F. B. Conway appeared May 
21, in "Othello": 

Othello .... J. W. Wallack, Jr. 

lago F. B. Conway 

Cassio J. G. Hanley 

Roderigo G. L. Fox 

May 22, " Macbeth " was given with Geo. Boniface as Banquo, 
Wallack as Macbeth, Conway as Macduff, and Mrs. Conway as 
Lady Macbeth. May 24, " London Assurance," was seen, 
with Conway as Sir Harcourt, Wallack as Dazzle, Boniface as 
Charles, Mrs. Conway as Lady Gay, and Mrs. W. G. Jones as 
Grace; May 25, "Romeo and Juliet," Wallack as Romeo, Conway 
as Mercutio, and Mrs. W. G. Jones as Juliet ; May 26, " Richard 
III.;" May 28, "Julius Caesar," Conway as Brutus, Wallack as 
Cassius, Boniface as Marc Antony, Mrs. Conway as Portia, and 
Kate Fisher as Calphurnia; May 29, " King of the Commons " and 
"Pizarro," Conway as Rolla in the latter play; May 31, " Ingomar," 
Conway as Ingomar; also, "Black Eyed Susan," with Wallack as 
William. For their farewell appearance, June 2, Wallack and the 
Conways played in " William Tell," " The Jealous Wife," and " El 
Hyder." " New York in i860, or a Hit at the Times," by W. 
Petrie, was seen for the first time June 18. 

The season closed July 7, but a summer term began July 16, 
with Edward Eddy as the star. The company was Geo. C. Boniface, 
J. B. Howe, G. L. Fox, C. K. Fox, J. W. Lingard, Asa Cushman, 
J. Nunan, Harry Hotto, Wm. Marden, J. J. McCloskey, J. Newman, 



Duke . . . 


. . . J. W. Lingard 


Desdemona . 


. . Mrs. W. G. Jones 


Emelia . . . 


. Mrs. F. B. Conway 



i88i] 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



193 



Pierre de Renais . . . . E. Eddy 

Henricois G. L. Fox 

Louise de Renais . Mrs. W. G. Jones 



Mitchell, Wright, Mrs. W. G. Jones, Mrs. Henry, Josephine Henry, 
Fanny Herring, Lillie Marden (afterwards Mrs. Charles Wilkinson) 
and Minnie Jackson. Mr. Eddy remained two months, during which 
time he was seen in a round of his favorite characters. He played 
" Macbeth " July 16, and Fanny Herring appeared the same night 
as Sally Scraggs, in " Sketches in India," and Charles K. Fox as 
Gregory Thimblewell in " State Secrets." July 30, a new drama, 
" The Artisan of Lyons," was produced, with this cast : 

Catherine de Marley . Fanny Herring 

Valazy J. B. Howe 

Count De Vandome ... J. Nunan 

Aug. 24, Lee's tragedy of " Alexander the Great," was presented. 
The principal attractions of the season were the melodramas for 
Mrs. W. G. Jones, Geo. C. Boniface, and Mr. Howe, and farces and 
pantomime for G. L. and C. K. Fox and Fanny Herring. " The 
Cataract of the Ganges" was acted Jan. 5, 1861. Spalding & 
Rogers' circus troupe was added to the programme Jan. 7. F. S. 
Chanfrau appeared Jan. 21, in " The Mysteries and Miseries of New 
York." Feb. 4, the pantomime, " Harlequin Jack," was seen. Prof. 
J. H. Anderson, the " Wizard of the North," acted Rob Roy March 4. 
He was assisted by his three daughters — Eliza, Flora, and Louisa 
Anderson. " The Cock of the Walk " was produced March 1 1 ; 
" Owlet, or the Royal Highwayman," March 18 ; Cordelia Howard and 
her parents appeared May 20, in " Ten Nights in a Barroom." 
Chanfrau returned June 1 7, as Mose in " A Glance at New York." 
Geo. L. Fox, who left with his regiment for the war, April 22, re- 
turned in July, and again appeared. 

There was no material change of any kind in the company or the 
staff of the theatre during the season of 1861-62. G. L. Fox and 
J. W. Lingard were again the managers, but before the season 
closed their business connections were dissolved. The opening 
night was July 15, 1861, and the bill consisted of "The Pirates of 
the Savannah," " Hunting a Turtle," and a tight-rope dance by John 
Denier. Aug. 12 C. W. Clarke appeared, and during an engagement 
of twelve nights played in the dramas of "John Paulding," " Charlotte 
Temple," " The Lime Kiln Man," and others, supported by Mrs. 
W. G. Jones, George C. Boniface, J. Nunan, G . A. Lingard, James 
Dunn, G. L. Fox, and Fanny Herring. 

Chas. Gayler's military drama " Bull Run, or the Sacking of Fair- 
fax Court House," was presented Aug. 15, with this cast : 



UNION 



Lieut. G. L. Fox of the 8th, C. K. Fox 
Hank Bunlcer . . Geo. C. Boniface 

Gen. McDowell J. Nunan 

Rolf Ironsides .... G. L. Fox 

VOL. n. — 13 



Jupiter Geo. Beane 

Col. Corcoran .... Bradshaw 

Brownell Johnson 

Col. Ellsworth . . . . M. B. Pike 



194 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [isea 



SECESSIONISTS 



Beauregard Ferden 

Gen. Bunhatn .... W. Harden 

Sergt. Bigelow Wright 

Maj. Ebleigh Pyne 



Col. Tompkins Magrath 

Jackson Samuel 

Mrs. Jackson . . . Miss Hathaway 
Juno Louisa Eldridge 



The Eighth Regiment drum corps was engaged to appear in 
" Bull Run," which had an uninterrupted run of four weeks, and was 
frequently revived during the season. James Dunn appeared Sept. 
30, as Frederick in " No." Oct. 7, Mr. Eddy returned, and at the 
close of his engagement with Fox & Lingard, leased the theatre for 
six nights, during which he played " Jack Cade," " Norman Leslie," 
" Robert Macaire," " Pizzaro," " The Happy Man," and other char- 
acters. The theatre was closed from Oct. 28 until Nov. 2, when a 
spectacular drama, by Charles Gayler, entitled " Hatteras Inlet, or 
Our Naval Victories," was presented. This was followed by " Fast 
Women of Modern Times," " A Sword of Honor, or a Father's 
Legacy," and " Mary Price." 

Dec. 9, Mr. and Mrs. Jas. W. Wallack, Jr. and E. L. Davenport 
began an engagement that lasted until Dec. 21, during which time 
they played in " Othello," — Davenport as the Moor, Mr. Wallack, 
lago; Mrs. Wallack, Emilia,and Mrs. W. G. Jones, IDesdemona,— 
" Macbeth," " Hamlet," and " Richard III." Dec. 13 they appeared 
in " Julius Caesar," with Davenport as Brutus, Wallack as Cassius, 
Boniface, Marc Antony, and Mrs. Wallack as Portia. " Damon and 
Pythias," " Black Eyed Susan," " William Tell," " Douglas," and 
" Brutus, or the Fall of Tarquin," were also played during this 
engagement. 

C. W. Clarke appeared Jan. 13, 1862, as Adolph Hudson in " The 
Last Nail, or the Drunkard's Vision," when Annie Hathaway acted 
Patty, and Louisa Browne, the Dancing Fairy. Jan. 15 "The Old 
Folks at Home" was presented. Jan. 16 " Eustache Baudin," was 
seen, with C. W. Clarke in the title r61e. Robert Jones' drama, 
" Scotto, or the Scout and the Spy," was first acted Jan. 20. A bene- 
fit was tendered to Capt. Robert Johnston, the popular actor, Jan. 22, 
previous to his return to the seat of war. The programme was " The 
Iron Mask," R. Johnston as Gaston ; John Mulligan and Andy J. 
Leavitt did a negro sketch ; the drama " Rafaelle," and the farce " Rais- 
ing the Wind." " The Seven Escapes of Adelaide of Dresden " was 
given Jan. 27, also a medley duet and double cracovienne by Geo. L. 
Fox and Fanny Herring ; followed by " G. L. Fox worried by Geo. 
Boniface." « Dominique the Deserter," " Cherry and Fair Star," 
(first time in this theatre), and " The Seven Escapes," formed the 
bill Feb. i. " Mabel, or the Child of the Battle Field," was first 
seen Feb. 4. 

Fox and Lingard took a benefit Feb. 5, when "Fox Worried by 



1862] 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



^95 



Boniface," "Faint Heart Never Won Fair Lady," " Cherry and Fair 
Star," "Boots at the Swan," and "The Young Widow" made up 
the programme. Harry Pearson and James W. Collier appeared in 
" Boots at the Swan," and A. H. Davenport and Fanny Browne in 
" The Young Widow." Geo. C. Boniface and G. L. Fox were seen as 
Robert Macaire and Jacques Strop. Feb. 7 G. L. Fox acted Paddy 
Murphy in " The Happy Man ;" Feb. 17 " The Capture of Fort Don- 
elson," by Harry Seymour, was played for the first time Feb. 22. 
" Uncle Tom's Cabin," was revived Feb. 26, with James Lingard as 
Uncle Tom, S. Bradshaw (first time) as Tom Loker, Fanny Herring 
as Topsy, Fanny Beane as Eva, G. L. Fox as Deacon Perry, and C. 
K. Fox as Gumption Cute. On March 13, the burlesque, "Co-lean 
Borne " was produced with Fanny Herring as Miles, Nunan as Danny 
Mann, G. L. Fox as Eily. Fox and Lingard dissolved partnership 
March 22, and the latter gentleman became sole lessee of the house. 
Fox acted Solon Shingle in " The People's Lawyer," March 26, and 
retired March 29. Sam Ryan and Kate Denin Ryan appeared here 
March 31, in "The Hidden Hand," and "The New Footman." 
"The Fire Raiser, or the Prophet of the Moor," was first acted 
April 5. For S. Bradshaw's benefit, April 9, George Lingard 
appeared as Richard in " Vision of the Dead." W. Petrie had a 
benefit April 11, when Edward Lamb, Harry Seymour, James Dunn, 
J. J. Prior, and Rachel Denvil were seen. E. Eddy began an 
engagement April 14, in a play written for him by T. B. de Walden, 
entitled "The Man of Destiny," which had this cast : 

Joseph Faveau E. Eddy 

Anatole Decoomer .... J. Nunan 
Flageolet S. Ryan 



Marie Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Diana Kate Denin Ryan 



"Faustus" was played April 21, with Eddy as Mephistopheles. 
An afternoon and evening performance took place April 25, for the 
benefit of James W. Lingard. The programme was : Afternoon — 
"Cramond Brig," Prof. J. H. Anderson as Jock Howieson, and Miss 
L. S. Anderson as Marion ; accordeon solo by Prof. J. Jacobs, his 
first appearance in seven years ; dance by Louisa Browne, ballad by 
S. C. Campbell, comic song by Tony Pastor ; " Faint Heart Never 
Won Fair Lady," Harry Parson as Ruy Gomez ; song by James 
Dunn ; negro sketch, " Young Scamps," by Bob Hart, Lew Sim- 
mons, and Master Tommy, concluding with "The Villagers." In 
the evening the bill was, " La Tour De Nesle," Eddy as Capt. 
Buridan, Mrs. Farren as Margaret of Burgundy; dance by Fanny 
Beane, song by Lillie Eldridge, the nautical drama, " Anchor of 
Hope," Harry Seymour as Topreef ; Eph Horn with his Woman's 
Rights lecture, T. J. Peel, jig, accompanied on the banjo by Frank 
Converse, dance by Galetti and Mons. Tophoff", and concluded with 
" The Young Widow." Joseph E. Nagle as Mandeville, Geo. C. 



196 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1862 

Boniface as Splash, Mrs. J. J. Prior as Aurelia and Mrs. J. E. Nagle 
as Lucy. On May 10 Eddy acted Damon, to Boniface's Pythias, in 
"Damon and Pythias," Paddy Murphy, in "The Happy Man," 
and Casper in " Der Freischiitz." N. B. Clarke's original drama 
" Dare Devii Pete, or the Death of Tecumseh " was first acted May 
12, with Eddy in the title r61e ; Geo. C. Boniface was Tecumseh, and 
Mrs. W. G. Jones, Kate Lane. May 14 Eddy played Claude Mel- 
notte, in " The Lady of Lyons," and Looney McTwolter, in " The 
Army Review ;" May 17 "Zanthe," and "Jack Sheppard " formed 
the bill. Louisa Browne danced between the pieces. Mrs. M. A. 
Farren appeared May 26, as did Tommy Peel the jig dancer, with 
Frank B. Converse on the banjo. 

" Coriolanus," was first seen in this theatre May 30, with Eddy as 
Caius Marcius Coriolanus, Geo. Boniface as Tullus Aufidius, Mrs. 
M. A. Farren as Volumnia, Mrs. Howard Rogers as Virgilia. Mrs. 
Farren as Katharina, to Eddy's Petruchio, in " The Taming of the 
Shrew." Adah Isaacs Menken began an engagement June 9, 
assuming nine characters in " The Three Fast Women, or the 
Female Robinson Crusoes." In the minstrel scene she appeared on 
the " bones end ; " June 1 1 she was seen in " Joan of Arc," and " The 
French Spy;" June 12 she appeared as Sixteen String Jack, and 
in the burlesque, "Lola Montez." For her benefit, June 13, she 
acted in " The Whistler, or the Fate of the Lily of St. Leonard's," 
as Corinthian Tom in " Tom and Jerry," and Polly Crisp in " An 
Unprotected Female," in which she sang " The Captain with his 
Whiskers " and several French and Italian songs, in the tenor and 
soprano voice, also giving her imitations of Charlotte Cushman, 
Mme. Fabbri, Edwin Forrest, and Edwin Booth. On June 14 
Menken personated five characters in " A Day in Paris," and acted 
Corinthian Tom in " Tom and Jerry ; " " Mazeppa " was produced June 
16, with Menken as Mazeppa. For her benefit, June 20, in addition 
to " Mazeppa," she appeared in the fourth act of " The Three Fast 
Women," and the fifth act of " Richard III," with Harry Seymour as 
Richard, on horseback; Menken as Richmond. For her farewell 
benefit, June 27, she was seen as Mazeppa, and Jack Sheppard, on 
horseback. Her engagement terminated June 28, when, in addition 
to " Mazeppa," " The Happy Man " was played, with Thomas 
Donnelly as Paddy Murphy. The season closed July 5. 

The next season opened with N. B. Clarke as stage manager, and 
Harvey Blessenherz as musical director. Edward Eddy presented 
July 14 " The Fighting Brothers of Rome," and " The Idiot of the 
Mountain ; " Thomas L. Donnelly appeared between the pieces, and 
sang Irish songs. For Eddy's benefit, Aug. i, Edward L. Tilton 
played Robert Emmet in the drama of that name. Mrs. M. A. 
Farren was seen as Margery, and John T. Raymond as Cousin Joe, 
in " The Rough Diamond." Mr. and Mrs. E. L.'Davenport appeared 



1862: NEW BOWERY THEATRE 197 

Aug. 4 in " Hamlet," " Othello " Aug. 5, " St. Marc " Aug. 6, 7, 
" The Lady of Lyons " Aug. 8, when Mrs. Alford appeared as Mme. 
Deschapelles, and in " Black Eyed Susan ; " Aug. 9 " Richard IH." 
Aug. II, 12, 13. " The Scalp Hunters " was produced Aug. 14, when 
Geo. C Boniface acted Jack Sheppard for the first time; Aug. 15, 
" Damon and Pythias." For Lingard's benefit, Isabel Cubas and 
her corps de ballet apppeared in a Spanish ballet. Edward Lamb 
acted Granby Gag, and Mollie Williams, Jennie Leatherlungs, in 
" Jenny Lind at Last," Aug. 16. 

Mr. and Mrs. F. B. Conway were seen Aug. 18, in " Peep o' Day," 
for the first time in New York. " The Sea of Ice " was done Sept. 
2. Fanny Denham appeared Sept. 6 as Caroline Morton in " Our 
Gal." "Uncle Tom's Cabin" was given Sept. 10 for George C. 
Ryer's benefit, when he acted Uncle Tom, Lillie Eldridge being the 
Topsy. Menken reappeared Sept. 15 in James Pilgrim's drama, 
" The Warrior Shepherd," acting a shepherd boy. " Eagle Eye " 
was produced Sept. 22, with Menken as Otahontas. Harry Pearson 
had a benefit Sept. 29, when Mrs. Cool White acted Margery, and 
Harry Pearson Cousin Joe, in " The Rough Diamond," followed by 
the quarrel scene from "Julius Caesar," Thos. W. Keene as Brutus 
and E. S. Kean as Cassius. 

Mrs. W. G. Jones took her benefit Oct. 3, and presented " Outlaw 
of the Adriatic, or the Female Spy and the Chief of the Ten," fol- 
lowed by Fanny Beane with a Highland Fling, and a comic song by 
Thomas Donnelly, after which came the minstrel scene from the 
" Three Fast Women," followed by " The Wizard Skiff" and " Jack 
Sheppard." There were three Jacks during the piece. In the first 
act, Mrs. W. G. Jones ; second act, Fanny Denham ; third act, Geo. 
C. Boniface. The performance was over at quarter to two A.M. 
Oct. 6 the Webb Sisters — Emma and Ada — made their debut 
here, Emma appearing as Parthenia in " Ingomar," and Ada in the 
farce "In and Out of Place," in which she sustained five characters, 
sang four songs, and danced a jig. " Raymond and Agnes " was the 
afterpiece. Ada Webb retired from the stage several years ago, 
marrying William Conner, who was once proprietor of the St. 
James Hotel, this city. Oct. 7 " Orphan of Dowray, or the Soldier's 
Trials," " Actress of All Work," and " Wizard Skiff " were acted ; 
Oct. 8 " Bride of Lammermoor " was presented, with Emma Webb 
as Lucy Ashton, " The Manager's Daughter," followed with Ada 
in five characters, and the farce " Milly ; " Oct. 9, Emma as Juliana 
in " The Honeymoon," Ada in " In and Out of Place," and the 
drama entitled "Incendiary;" Oct. 10, Emma as Smike, in 
"Nicholas Nickleby," to G. C. Boniface's Mantilini, and the first 
appearance of Miss M. Clare as Kate Nickleby. Ada Webb acted 
Mrs. Hardress Cregan, and Thomas Donnelly Myles-na-Coppaleen, 
in the farce of " The Colleen Bawn ; " Ada Webb also played six 



198 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Dsea 

characters in the protean farce, " A Day Too Late." " The Irish 
Doctor " was the closing farce. " Kitty, or Out of the Street," was a 
drama written for the Webb Sisters by Charles Gayler, and acted 
for the first time Oct. 13. " Jocrisse the Juggler," with Geo, 
Boniface in the title r61e, and " The Irish Doctor " made up the 
programme. Miss E. James, danseuse, made her d^but Oct. 17 in 
a national medley dance. The Webb Sisters, closed Oct. 18, when 
four pieces were offered, viz. : the protean farce, " Four in One," 
with Emma in four characters ; the burletta, " Woman's Whims," 
with Ada in five characters ; " The Blacksmith of Antwerp ; " and 
the nautical drama " Ben Bolt." 

Oct. 20, the oriental spectacular drama entitled " The Armorer of 
Tyre " was produced, with Geo. Boniface as Gio ; the burlesque, 
" Beauty and the Beast," followed, with Fanny Denham as Beauty; 
and " The Limerick Boy " finished the bill. The performance was 
over at half-past twelve o'clock. Oct. 22 " Walter Brand, or the 
Mendicant of St. Paul's " was seen here for the first time ; Oct. 23 
" The Three Guardsmen," was presented, with Boniface as D'Arta- 
gnan. Saturday night, Oct. 25, there were four pieces, as follows: 
the three act drama " Nautical Jack ; " Rosa Cerito, Parisian dan- 
seuse ; first and second tableaux of " The Sea of Ice ; " Irish songs, 
by Thos. L. Donnelly; "Robert Macaire;" and the comic drama 
"One Glass More." The historical drama, written expressly for 
this house by G. L. Aiken, entitled " Claude Duval," was first acted 
Oct. 27, Boniface as Claude Duval. The farce of " Our Girl " was 
the afterpiece, in which Fanny Denham acted Caroline Morton and 
sang " Annie Laurie " and " My Johnny was a Shoemaker." The 
melodrama, " The Monk, the Mask, and the Murderer " was given 
in addition to " Claude Duval " Nov. 3. " The Idiot of the Moun- 
tain " and the French drama " Halvei the Unknown " were acted for 
the first time Nov. 5. " Zincali's Revenge," " The Flying Dutch- 
man," and " The Irish Tutor " were played Nov. 6. Another half- 
past twelve o'clock bill was that of Nov. 7, — " The Sea of Ice," " The 
French Spy," and, for the first time here, " The Bath Road." A 
pictorial advertising curtain, illustrating all professions and trades, 
was shown for the first time Nov. 7. " Blueskin," a new drama by 
John F. Poole, was first acted Nov. 8. Geo. Boniface played Jack 
Sheppard ; J. W. Lingard, Blueskin; J. Nunan, Jonathan Wild; 
Mrs. W. G. Jones, Edgeworth Bess. Nov. 10 Theodore Edward 
Hook's drama, " The Hungarian Chief, or the Heroine of Mootgatz," 
was given in addition to " Blueskin." " The Death Plank," a nautical 
drama by G. A. Somerset, was first acted Nov. 17. Julia Christine 
(afterwards Mrs. Harry Miner) commenced an engagement, dancing 
between the pieces. The spectacular drama, " The Naiad Queen," 
rewritten by Joseph C. Foster, was first acted Nov. 24, and cast as 
follows : 



1862] 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



199 



Colman D. Oakley 

Rodolph W. Stanton 

Farcuas J. Winter 

Grimalkine Page 

Baron Lanagan 

Lady Una Mrs. Boniface 

Flavia Louisa Eldridge 

Cora Shell Miss Clare 



Count Rupert .... Geo. Boniface 

Rinaldo T. Donnelly 

Winkleman G. Lingard 

Schnapps Geo. Brooks 

Amphibio .... Hernandez Foster 

Lurline Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Coraline .... Fanny Denham 

Ibex Miss Adair 

Bridget Miss Hathaway 

" Knights of the Mist, or Jack Sheppard from His Cradle to His 
Grave," was acted Nov. 29. John F. Poole's dramatization, " The 
Scourge of Damascus," was first seen Dec. i. Tony Denier, the 
inimitable clown, appeared Dec. 8 in Joseph C. Foster's comic 
pantomime, " Harlequin Jack Sheppard, or All Right, My Covey." 
It was cast as follows : Jack Sheppard (afterwards Clown), Tony 
Denier; Jonathan Wild (afterwards Sprite), Hernandez Foster; 
Thames Darrell (afterwards Harlequin), W. Stanton; Winny Wood 
(afterwards Columbine), Julia Christine ; Joe Blueskin (afterwards 
Pantaloon), George Brooks. 

Anthony (familiarly known as Tony) Denier is one of the oldest 
living representatives of the pantomimic art in America, and has 
been connected with the stage in an active and managerial capacity 
for more than half a century. Mr. Denier is a resident of Chicago, 
has lived in that city since 1876, and, aside from his profession, is 
known in the community as one of the few representatives of the 
stage who have devoted the results of theatrical enterprise to the 
substantial growth of the city. Endowed with a reputation that is 
national in his peculiar line, he also enjoys the distinction of being 
one of the richest retired actors in the West, and his varied career 
leading up to this histrionic and business success possesses many 
points of general interest. He travelled with the Ravel company 
for several years, and in 1855 went to England, and for two years 
played at European theatres. Returning to America in 186 1, he ap- 
peared in a star part at the Cremorne Garden, this city. At the Old 
Bowery Theatre, he met George L. Fox, and got up several panto- 
mimes with him. He then went to Barnum's Museum, and in 1866 
removed to St. Louis, where he remained a year, engaged in manag- 
ing the spectacular play of " The Black Crook." He made his first 
appearance in Chicago at McVicker's Theatre, in 1867. Returning 
to this city, he and Mr. Fox constructed the great novelty of 
"Humpty Dumpty," which was first presented at the Olympic 
Theatre, on March 10, 1868. In July Mr. Denier went to Cleveland, 
and with John Ellsler organized a pantomime company, with which 
he travelled two years. He managed various enterprises until 1876, 
took " Grimaldi " on the road for two years, and, later, Charles W. 
Ravel, the clown. During these years he played not only in his own 
specidties of pantomime, but also, at Albany, under his own man- 



200 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cises 

ageraent of the Capital Theatre, took part in " Uncle Tom's Cabin," 
" The Octoroon," " Rob Roy," and appeared as the demon and 
other characters in spectacular and comic representations. After 
organizing a company for "Jack and Jill" in California, in 1876, 
Mr. Denier went to Chicago and began a permanent managerial 
career. Here he formed a partnership with J. H. Haverly, and was 
manager of the old Adelphi Theatre for one year. He then leased 
Wood's Museum, which was destroyed by fire in October, 1877. 
He purchased a residence at Englewood, but in 1876 returned to 
Chicago, and for three years managed a pantomime combination 
with George H. Adams, the clown. When that engagement ter- 
minated, Mr. Denier decided to take up a permanent residence at 
Chicago, and, having accumulated a fortune, set about its judicious 
investment. His shrewd business capacity made these ventures 
exceedingly profitable, and he now owns nineteen pieces of fine 
improved property and a large amount of unimproved real estate in 
that city. Tony Denier was married on Jan. 24, 1861, to Mile. 
Auriol, the danseuse, and niece of the noted French clown of that 
name. Mrs. Denier died in Chicago, June 6, 1899. As a panto- 
mimist Mr. Denier took rank with any in the country, and as a 
gymnast he had few superiors. 

Wm. McFarland made his debut at this theatre in " The Stran- 
ger " Dec. 9, it being his first appearance in New York in eighteen 
years. " Robert Emmet " was also played, with Mr. McFar- 
land in the title r61e, and the first appearance on the stage of a 
young lady billed as Mary Curran, also occurred. Wm. McFarland 
was found dead in the County Jail at Minneapolis, Minn. Jan. 31, 
1888. He was an old actor, and had supported Macready, the elder 
Booth, Edwin Adams, and Edwin Forrest. He had been confined 
in jail for intemperance. N. B. Clarke took a benefit Dec. 20, when 
five plays were acted, and the performance was over at 12.15. The 
entertainment Was as follows : " The Wraith of the Lake, or Brownie 

of the Brig; " the drama "The King, the D ,and the Deserter," 

followed by the burlesque of " Othello," by Frank Brower and Eph 
Horn, scenes from " Harlequin Jack Sheppard," and the farce 
" The Illustrious Stranger." " Ivanhoe " was acted for the first 
time here Dec. 22. Tony Denier reappeared in the pantomime 
"Harlequin Jack Sheppard." Tony played Jack Sheppard, and 
Julia Christine, Winny Wood. Dec. 3 1 Tony Denier produced his 
Chinese pantomime, "Kim Ka." Jan. 6, 1863, Mons. Marzetti, 
Mme. Marzetti, and Mons. Tophoff began an engagement in "Jocko, 
or the Brazihan Ape." Jan. 12 was the first night of Harry Sey- 
mour's dramatization of Hugo's " Les Miserables," entitled " Jean 
Valjean," with Geo. C. Boniface in the title r61e. "The Two 
Drovers" and "The Dumb Belle" were also performed, and the 
performance was over at 12.30. Joseph C. Foster took his benefit 



1863] 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



20I 



Jan. i6, and his drama of " Bob Covey, the Newgate Jester, or the 
Daring Housebreaker of 1798," was seen for the first time, cast as 
follows : 



Norman Fitzhazard 
Stephen Stoneheart 
Dr. Thurston . . 
Bob Covey . . 
Robt. Kidman 
Martin Filewood . 



G. C. Boniface 
M. Lanagan 
. D. Oakley 
Geo. Brooks 
. P. Connelly 
. J. Winter 



Tim Meagles .... T. Donnelly 
Miles the Beylock . Hernandez Foster 
Dick the Tramper . . Frank Foster 

Drag J. Nunan 

Eaton Wm. Marden 

Emily .... Mrs. W. G. Jones 



Jan. 17 the bill offered was " Bob Covey, or Harlequin Jack Shep- 
pard," cast as follows : 



Industry .... Mrs. W. G. Jones 
Knowledge . . . Mrs. Geo. Boniface 

Idleness Miss Hathaway 

Ignorance .... Louisa Eldridge 
Jack Sheppard, afterwards Clown 

Tony Denier 
Thames Darrel, afterwards Har- 
lequin W. Stanton 

Joe Blueskin, afterwards Panta- 
loon Geo. Brooks 



Jonathan Wild, afterwards Sprite 

Hernandez Foster 
Winny Wood, afterwards Colum- 
bine Julia Christine 

Owen Wood .... M. Lanagan 
Sir Roland Trenchard . . G. Lingard 

Mendez J. Winter 

Mrs. Wood ... T. L. Donnelly 
Edgeworth Bess .... Miss Adair 



" Olympia, or the Brigands of Alrizi " was the next production, 
with this cast : Olympia Cigniani, Mrs. W. G. Jones ; Spalatro, J. 
Nunan ; Salvator Rosa, W. Marden ; Corney Brady, T. L. Donnelly ; 
Tommaso, P. Connelly ; Bianca, Miss Adair ; and Glanina, Mrs. Boni- 
face. This was followed by the farce " Hide and Seek " : Quake, 
Mr. Lanagan ; Simon, George Brooks ; Charles, J. Winter ; Rose, 
Miss Hathaway; Lucretia, Mrs. Boniface; Sophia, Miss Denham. 
The engagement of Geo. C. Boniface for three years at this house, 
as leading man, terminated with a complimentary benefit Jan. 24, 
when the following bill was presented : the four act play, " Retribu- 
tion; " the petite comedy, " Married Rake ; " dance by Julia Chris- 
tine; first act of "Robert Macaire;" and the comic drama "The 
Sky Rocket." 

Edward Eddy began an engagement Jan. 26, 1863, as Myles-na- 
Coppaleen, in " The Colleen Bawn," with Fanny Denham as Anne 
Chute and Mrs. W. G. Jones as Eily O'Connor. The burletta by 
John F. Poole, called " The Twenty-seventh Street Ghost," was also 
acted for the first time. Frank Brower, the old minstrel performer, 
had a benefit Jan. 30, when the programme consisted of " The Col- 
leen Bawn," an olio by Dan Bryant, Little Mack, RoUin Howard, G. 
W. H. Griffin, and W. W. Newcomb, followed by the negro extrav- 
aganza, " The Virginny Mummy," with Frank Brower as Ginger Blue, 
and " The Twenty-seventh Street Gho^t." " The Last Days of Pom- 
peii " was produced Feb. 7, with Mr. Eddy as Arbaces. Mr. Eddy 



202 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1863 



closed Feb. 14, 1863, with "Pizarro, or the Death of Rolla," cast 
thus: 



Rolla E. Eddy 

Pizarro J. Nunan 

Alonzo W. Harden 

Cora Miss Hathaway 

Elvira .... Mrs. W. G. Jones 



Atalba N. B. Clarke 

Blind Man D. Oakley 

Boy Lillie Eldridge 

High Priest .... G. Lingard 



The nautical drama " Paul Jones " followed, with this cast : 



Griffith Geo. Lingard 

Kate Plowden . . Mrs. W. G. Jones 
Cecelia .... Mrs. Geo. Boniface 
Irish Woman . . . Thos. Donnelly 



Long Tom Coffin .... E. Eddy 

The Pilot J. Nunan 

Barnstable Marden 

Sergt. Drill Geo. Brooks 

Col. Hervaro . . . . M. Lanagan 

This was succeeded by "The Happy Man," Eddy as Paddy 
Murphy, with the songs, "The True Born Irishman," and "The 
Bold Soldier Boy ; " and " Warlock of the Glen," with Fanny Beane 
as Adelbert, finished the night's bill. Geo. C. Boniface reappeared 
Feb. 16, in " The Idiot of the Mountain " and " Yankee Jack," and 
Tony Denier acted in the pantomime, " Kim Ka." 

Tony Denier took a benefit Feb. 27, when he offered : " Hand- 
some Jack ; " trapeze act by the Delevanta Brothers ; " Michael Earle, 
the Maniac Lover," with Wm. McFarland as the hero ; James Mel- 
ville and his children in acrobatic performances ; " The Magic Flute," 
Tony as the Clown ; after which came the carnival scene from " Gus- 
tavus III." and the drama " Sky Rockets." " Pauvrette " was first 
seen here Feb. 28, with Boniface as Bernard. John F. Poole took a 
benefit March 6, when he offered a bill which began with " East 
Lynne ; " Charley White and Thos. G. Riggs in the sketch " Pilgrim 
Fathers ; " H. W. Penny, the gymnast ; trial scene from " The Mer- 
chant of Venice ; " followed by an olio introducing Frances Le Roy 
in a medley, Tony Denier with a comic dance on stilts, Thomas 
Donnelly, comic songs, Charles Gardner, song and dance; "Hop 
Lite Loo," the Foster Brothers, acrobatic act, Chas. E. Dobson, 
banjo solo, and Caroline Edgal in a dance, followed by the farce, 
" The Dry Goods Clerks," Master Gibbs in a song and dance, the 
protean farce " In and Out of Place," with Fanny Denham in five 
characters, and finished with " No Irish Need Apply." James W. Lin- 
gard, for his benefit, March 13, presented " Laugh When You Can," 
" The Colleen Bawn," " Binks the Bagman," " Der Freischutz," and 
an olio by Frank Brower, Cool White, J. W. Glenn, Charley Fox, C. 
Henry, and Nelse Seymour of Wood's minstrels. " The Chevalier de 
Maison Rouge, or the Man of the Red Mansion," was played March 
18. Edward Eddy played Damon in "Damon and Pythias," for 
Geo. Lingard's benefit, March 31. Fanny Denham had her benefit 
April 3, when the following was offered : "The Greek's Revenge," 
dance by Little Amelia, the farce of Jenny Lind, fiutina .solo by 



1863] 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



203 



R. E. Clarke of Buckley's serenaders, " The Dumb Girl of Genoa," 
J. H. Budworth in negro acts, " B B, or the Benicia Boy," and " Jack 
Sheppard," with Mrs. W. G. Jones, Fanny Denham, and Miss Hath- 
away as Jack Sheppard (one act each). "Satanus, or the Spirit of 
Beauty," by Sterling Coyne, acted in Paris under the title of " La 
Diable Amoureux," was first seen here April 6; also "Delicate 
Ground," Helen Osgood making her first appearance on the stage 
in the latter piece as Pauline. E. Eddy commenced April 27 in the 
drama, "The Police Spy." "The Star Spangled Banner, or the 
Yankee Tar and Benevolent Jew," was first acted April 30. 
" Rienzi " was produced here May 5 , with this cast : 



Cola de Rienzi E. Eddy 

Randulto Stone 

Luigi Geo. Brooks 

Stephen Colonna ... J. Winter 

Stephanello G. Lingard 

Nina Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Sir Walter J. Nunan 



Benedette . . . Louisa Eldridge 
Cecco del Veechie . . N. B. Clarke 

Angelo Mrs. Marden 

Irene Mrs. Boniface 

Adrian W. Marden 

John D. Oakley 

Teresa Miss Hathaway 



Eddy acted Charles de Moor in "The Robbers," and Ben Bow- 
ling in " Ben the Boatswain " May 9. " La Tour de Nesle " was 
given, with the "Cribb" scene from "Tom and Jerry," May 11, in 
which Joe Coburn gave an exhibition of the " manly art of self-defence." 
" Richard III." was played May 23, with Eddy as Richard, Geo. Bon- 
iface as Richmond, and Kate Newton as Lady Anne. " Monte 
Cristo " was presented May 25, with Eddy as Edmund Dantes ; May 
27 " The Three Guardsmen," Eddy as Athos ; May 29 " Jean Remy." 
"The Duke's Signal, or the Hunchback of Paris" ("The Duke's 
Motto"), for the first time in America, June i, with Boniface as 
Lagardere, Mrs. W. G. Jones as Blanche de Caylus, Kate Newton 
as Pepita, and Mrs. Geo. Boniface as Blanche de Nevers. A. M. 
Hernandez, Lizzie Whelply, Mons. Franklin, and Hugh Clarke ap- 
peared June S, for the benefit of R. S. Smith, the scenic artist. 
"O'Neal the Great" was played June 13. N. B. Clarke took his 
benefit June 26, and among the volunteers were Edward Eddy, Tony 
Pastor, A. H. Davenport, Geo. W. Thompson, Mickey Warren the 
jig dancer, J. M. Smith the bone player, and G. W. Fleming, banjoist. 
"The Colleen Bawn," "The Young Widow," "King and Free 
Booter," and " La Zingara " were acted. The season closed July 4. 

A summer season opened July 6 with Campbell's minstrels. Ned 
Davis, Johnny Booker, and Geo. Gray were in the company. M. C. 
Campbell took a benefit July 24, when J. E. Greene made his first 
appearance in this city, and sang " The Mocking Bird " song. 

The next season, of 1863-64, began Aug. i. J. W. Lingard con- 
tinued in the management, N. B. Clarke being stage manager. The 
company included Geo. C. Boniface, W. Marden, J. Nunan, Geo. 
Lingard, George Beane, George Brooks, Andrew Glassford, Mrs. 



204 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [1863 

W. G. Jones, Kate Newton, and Emma Gardiner. The opening stars 
were E. Eddy and Mrs. M. A. Farren, who appeared in " Brutus, or 
the Fall of Tarquin," Eddy as Brutus, and Mrs. Farren as Tullia ; 
Aug. 3, 4, " Macbeth ; " Aug. 7, " Bertram ; " Aug. 11, 12, " Faustus;" 
Aug. 13, " Last Days of Pompeii; " Aug. 14, " Hamlet," Eddy as the 
Dane, Kate Newton as Ophelia; Aug. 15, " Richard III.," Mrs. Far- 
ren as the Queen, Eddy as Richard. Aug. 17, "The Temple of 
Death " was produced for the purpose of introducing the ghost 
illusion. " Macbeth " was given Aug. 22. Monk Lewis' super- 
natural drama, " The Spectre," was acted Aug. 26, with the ghost 
illusion. Aug. 27 " Hamlet " was done, with the illusion in ghost 
scenes. Aug. 29 " Vampire, or the Ghost of the Flood," another 
ghost drama, was seen, and Aug. 31 came another ghost drama, 
" Glencoe, or the Ghost of the Highlands." Sept. 4, for Mr. Eddy's 
benefit, twenty ghosts were introduced in the tableaux of "The 
Corsican Brothers." "Guy Fawkes" was done Sept. 7, 8. For 
Lingard's benefit, Sept. 11, "The Carpenter of Rouen," "The Jolly 
Cobbler," " Robert Macaire," " Love and Crockery," and " The 
Bedouin Arabs" constituted the entertainment. 

Shakespeare's " Tempest " was acted Sept. 14, when all the char- 
acters but Prospero were given with the ghost effect. E. Eddy 
played Caliban for the first time, Boniface was Prospero, Kate Denin 
was Ariel. Sept. 21 another ghost drama, entitled "The Night 
Demon, or the Dream Spectre," was played for the first time in 
America. Mons. Verrecke, the trapeze performer, made his debut 
here on this occasion. Sept. 25 "The Wizard Priest," a ghost 
drama, was seen. " The Devil in the Bowery " was the title of a 
local ghost drama by John F. Poole, acted Sept. 28. A benefit was 
given to Thomas Hyer, the champion pugilist, Oct. 7, when Dan 
Bryant gave his stump speech, " Dat 's What 's de Matter." " The 
North Pole " and " The Devil in the Bowery " were also acted. " Eva, 
the Irish Princess," was played for the first time Oct. 12. Charles 
Collins, the comic singer, appeared in his act entitled " The Cure," 
and did a clog dance Oct. 16. For his benefit, Oct. 30, Boniface 
acted Mose in "A Glance at New York" for the first time. That 
same night he played The Stranger, Vapid, in " The Dramatist," 
and Paddy Murphy in "The Happy Man." Jackson Haines, the 
skater, appeared here Oct. 26, also at Christy's Minstrel Hall the 
same night. Oct. 31, first time in America, the new drama by Ed- 
ward Sterling, " The Jew of Southwark, or the Mendicant's Son." 
This was followed by "The Flying Dutchman," and Emma Gardiner 
did a dance between the pieces. John F. Poole's drama, " The Soap 
Fat Man," was given Nov. 7, with "The Angel of the Attic," "The 
Knights of the Mist," and " Robbers of the Heath." Leo Hudson 
made her first appearance in this city Nov. 9 in " Mazeppa," with 
this cast : 



I864II 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



205 



The Castellan Seabert 

Count Premislaus . . . W. Harden 

ReedzlofF D. Oakley 

Drolinsko Geo. Brooks 

Mazeppa Leo Hudson 

Thamar Geo. Lingard 



Zemba P. Connelly 

Olinska .... Mrs. W. G. Jones 
Agatha .... Louisa Eldridge 

Zemila Kate Newton 

Abder Kahn .... N. B. Clarke 
Oneiza . . . Mrs. Geo. Boniface 



For N. B. Clarke's benefit, Nov. 17, in addition to "Mazeppa" 
(for the first time in New York), " The New York Pilot of 1792," was 
presented. Leo Hudson took her benefit Nov. 20, when " Mazeppa," 
" Warlock of the Glen," " My Fellow Clerk," and an olio made up the 
bill. For the week commencing Nov. 23, in addition to Leo Hudson, 
Edwin Blanchard and his trained dogs. Carlo and Bruin, appeared 
in "The Rover and His Dog." Blanchard had just returned from 
Europe after an absence of five years. Leo Hudson, for her benefit, 
Nov. 27, acted " Jack Sheppard " and " The French Spy ; " Blanch- 
ard appeared in " The Rover and His Dog," and Fred Lubin, the 
magician, gave his entertainment. Mr. Lubin retired from the pro- 
fession many years ago, and managed Clarendon Hall, this city. 
He died in this city March 3, 1900. " The Carrier and His Dog " 
and " Rookwood " were given Nov. 30. Dec. 4 Leo Hudson acted 
Narramattah in " Wept of the Wish- ton-Wish," and Geo. Davenport 
made his first appearance here, as Content Heathcote. Mr. Blanchard 
continued the star the following week, and appeared in " The Dumb 
Boy, or the Dogs of the Ferry," " The Carrier and his Dog," and 
" Felon's Death." " Dog of the Old Stone Cross, or the Vision of 
Death " was played for the first time Dec. 14. " Paul Clifford " was 
also acted, with Geo. Boniface as the hero. For Blanchard's benefit, 
Dec. 18, there were given : " Dumb Man of Manchester," " Richard 
Cceur De Leon," " Tom and Jerry," a dance by Miss Gardiner and 
J. M. Smith, and Wm. Adams did a banjo and bone solo. The pan- 
tomime " Harlequin Almighty Dollar, or the Coins of America," 
was seen Dec. 21, for the first time in America. Dec. 28, "The 
Surgeon of Paris, or the Queen and Mask," " Idiot of the Shannon, 
or The Harper and His Dog," and " The Sky Rockets," were given. 
Boniface acted Mose in "A Glance at New York," Jan. i, 1864, for 
the matinee, and at night the bill was " The Devil in the Bowery," 
" Valentine and Orson," the local drama " Scamps of New York," 
and " A Balloon Ascension." Kate Fisher appeared in " Mazeppa " 
Jan. 4, and Blanchard entered upon the seventh week of his engage- 
ment, acting for the first time " The Dumb Boy." Kate Fisher took 
her benefit Jan. 15, on which occasion Yankee Robinson made his 
first appearance in this city as Darius Dutton in " The Unionist's 
Daughter, or Life in the Border States." Kate Fisher is at present 
living at Bath Beach, L. I., having retired from the profession some 
years ago. She is the wife of John G. Magle. She was born in 
Boston, Mass., April 16, 1840, and had been on the stage since 1852, 



2o6 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D864 



having made her d^but Oct. 6, as a danseuse, at Burton's Chambers 
Street Theatre. Her first husband was Gaines Clark. 

" Cato, or a Slave's Revenge and the Dog of the Plantation," 
was acted Jan. 18 (for the first time in America), with " Mazeppa." 
Kate Fisher commenced her fifth week Feb. i, with " Rookwood," 
and Blanchard his sixty-first night, in " The Shipwrecked Mariner." 
The afterpiece was " The Three Fast Men, or the Female Robinson 
Crusoes," in which Kate Fisher assumed eight characters. J. W. 
Lingard had a benefit Feb. 5, prior to his departure for Europe, and 
the attraction presented consisted of " Rookwood," Campbell's 
minstrels in an olio by Eddy Hughes, Frank Gerard, Ned Davis, 
Johnny Booker, J. H. Whiting, E. Glover, and Mert Sexton, the drama 
of " Blueskin," Donovan and Charles A. Madigan in an acrobatic 
act, and "The Three Fast Men." The curtain dropped at one 
o'clock. Wm. B. English's drama, " Mike Martin, the Terror of the 
Highway," was given Feb. 8, with Kate Fisher as Mike Martin; 
Feb. 15 " The Ticket of Leave Man" was produced, with Edward 
Eddy as Bob Brierly, G. C. Boniface as Hawkshaw, Mrs. W. G. Jones 
as May Edwards, George Brooks as Green Jones, Kate Newton as 
Sam Willoughby, Wm. Marden as Dalton, Annie Hathaway as 
Emily St. Evremond, Andy Glassford as Melter Moss, and Louisa 
Eldridge as Mrs, Willoughby. Edwin Blanchard's engagement came 
to a close Feb. 17. "The Ticket of Leave Man" kept the stage 
until March 3, when " The Colleen Bawn " was revived, with this cast : 



Myles-na-Coppaleen . . . E. Eddy 
Hardress Cregan . . . W. Marden 

Corrigan A. Glassford 

Hyland Creagh .... J. Winter 
Mrs. Cregan . . Miss Hathaway 

Kyrle Daly G. Lingard 

Ducie Blennerhasset . Miss Bowes 



Eily O'Connor . Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Sheelah Louisa Eldridge 

Father Tom Geo. Brooks 

Danny Mann .... D. Nourse 

Dennis P. Connelly 

Bertie Seabert 

Anne Chute .... Kate Newton 



Mrs. W. G. Jones sang " The Cruiskeen Lawn," and " The Pretty 
Maid Milking her Cow." " The Police Spy " was acted March 7. 
It was written expressly for Edward Eddy. March 18 Eddy played 
Rip Van Winkle, and Capt. Buridan in " La Tour de Nesle," for 
his benefit. " Jerry Ledrew, or the American Jack Sheppard," was 
the title of a drama by John F. Poole, first acted March 28. It was 
cast as follows : 



PART FIRST. PARIS 1761. — PROLOGUE. 

Jerry Ledrew, a highwayman of Paris Geo. Boniface 

Keggs, his companion Geo. Brooks 

Rupert Northdale D Nourse 

Welton F. Evans 

Gabrielle Bertin, the Deserted Mrs. W. G. Jones 



z864l] 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



207 



PARTS TWO, THREE AND FOUR- 
ScENE — New York. 



AMERICA, 1796. 



Jack Keggs . . 
Van Driecks . . 
Francis Darrand . 
Florence . . . 
Jack Sheppard . 



. Geo. Brooks 
G. Davenport 
. Jos. Winter 
Mrs. Boniface 
Gec.Boniface 



Capt. Rupert . . . . D. Nourse 

Skinner A. Glassford 

Spight F. Evans 

Gabrielle .... Mrs. W. G. Jones 
Mrs. Van Driecks . Louisa Eldridge 



Marie Zoe, " The Cuban Sylph," began an engagement here April 
4 in " The French Spy." The oriental tale of enchantment entitled 
" Thalaba the Destroyer, or the Burning Sword of Hodeisa," was 
given here the same night. For Geo. C. Boniface's benefit, April 8, 
the bill was : " The Iron Chest," Boniface as Sir Edward Mortimer ; 
the " Flying Dutchman," Zoe as Vanderdecken ; the nautical drama 
"Jack's the Lad," Boniface as the noble tar; Sailors' Hornpipe by 
Katie Glassford ; and the farce " Hibernian," with G. C. Davenport 
as Dennis Murphy. The performance was over at ten minutes past 
one. " Cudjo Cave," a drama by John F. Poole, was seen April 11. 
The three hundredth anniversary of Shakespeare's birth, April 23, 
1864, was observed by a benefit for the American Dramatic Fund Asso- 
ciation. " The Sea of Ice " was presented April 27, with Geo. Bon- 
iface as Marquis del Monte, Mrs. W. G. Jones as Ogarita. Kate 
Vance appeared May 2, in " Mazeppa." For John F. Poole's benefit, 
May 6, Kittie Fyffe (wife of Charles J. Fyffe) made her debut here 
as Nancy Strap, in "A Pleasant Neighbor." " Rookwood " was 
played May 9, with Kate Vance as Dick Turpin. For James Clute's 
benefit. May 20, Kaite Vance appeared in " The Three Fast Men." 
"Tom and Jerry" was also acted, and John Heenan, the pugilist. 
Prof. Whitney, and Millage Cornell appeared in the " Cribb " scene, 
in a display of the art of self-defence. " Heme the Hunter " was 
acted May 23, with Kate Vance as Heme. 

N. B. Clarke took his benefit May 24, 1864, when "Barney the 
Baron," Barney Williams in the title r61e ; " Happy Man," Barney 
Williams as Paddy Murphy ; Frank Brower, in his " Happy Uncle 
Tom" act, accompanied on the banjo by W. S. Budworth; the 
French drama " Duel in the Snow ; " and " The Lost Son " formed 
the bill. Edwin Blanchard reappeared May 30, with his dog, in 
" The Forest of Bondy." A benefit was given to Samuel P. Mills 
June 3, when " The Cattle Stealers," Aynsley Cook in a ballad, " Will 
Watch, or the Black Phantom of the ClifF," Masters Goodwin and 
Collins in a clog dance, the drama of the " Toodles," with Edward 
Lamb as Toodles, scenes from " The Lady of the Lake," by Frank 
Evans and T. W. Keene, and the farce " Your Life 's in Danger," 
made up the programme. 

Edward Eddy returned here June 6, as Badger in " The Poor of 
New York." " The Old House on the Bridge " was seen for the first 



2o8 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1864 

time June 20. " Calderoni " was also acted, with Geo. W. Thompson 
(first appearance) in the leading character. George Boniface and 
Kate Newton took a benefit June 21, when " Laugh When You Can," 
Boniface as Geo. Gossamer ; recitation of " Shamus O'Brien," by 
James M. Ward ; " Toodles," with Edward Lamb in the title r61e ; 
a song by Marie Boniface ; Frank Brower and Cool White in a negro 
act ; Kate Newton as the French spy, for the first time, " Dolly " 
Davenport as Col. Bernelle ; and the farce " The Irish Doctor " were 
offered. James Lingard had another benefit June 28, with Eddy, 
as Capt. O'Brallahan in the "Irish Dragoon;" Bryant's minstrels in 
a first part; " The Married Rake;" Tony Pastor with comic songs; 
Charles E. Collins, " The Cure ;" " Slasher and Crasher ;" and " All 
the World 's a Stage " made up the bill. It was over at half-past 
twelve. "The Cataract of the Ganges" was presented July 11, with 
Kate Fisher as Zamine, Kittie Fyffe as Ubra, and Geo. W. Thomp- 
son as Mokarra. 

J. Burdette Howe appeared July 18 as Phidias in "The Marble 
Heart." This was followed by "Ella Rosenberg," and "Young 
America;" July 20 "Wallace, the Hero of Scotland," and "Black 
Eyed Susan," formed the bill, with Howe as Wallace and William 
in the latter drama. July 21 "Don Caesar de Bazan," "Tom 
Cringle's Log House," and " The Artful Dodger," were given ; July 
22, " Vision of the Dead ;" July 23, " The New York Fireman," with 
Howe as Frederick Jerome. Aug. i, for the first time in America, 
was seen " Such is Life, or a Glance at the Times." Frank Brower 
had a benefit Aug. 3, when the nautical drama " My Poll and ray 
Partner Joe;" the burlesque "Mazeppa, or the Untamed Rocking 
Horse," Frank Drew as Mazeppa, Robert H. Craig as Abder Kahn ; 
Mabel Giffert in a dance ; Henry Lockwood Glenn, and Schwicardi, 
of Wood's minstrels, in " Come Where my Love Lies Dreaming;" 
Cool White and Frank Brower in a negro act and " The Dumb Girl 
of Genoa," with Frank Mordaunt as Strapado ; and La Belle Oceana 
as Julietta, formed the programme, which closed at half-past twelve. 
The season ended Aug. 6, with " The Reprobate's Son," " Don 
Caesar de Bazan," "The Pirate's Legacy," and "The Mogul Tale." 

Annie Hathaway made her last appearance on the New York stage 
with the close of this season. She was married to Harvey Blessenherz, 
leader of the orchestra of the theatre, and from this city she went 
West, and died in Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 2, 1894. 

J. W. Lingard had many important improvements effected in this 
theatre during the summer recess. N. B. Clarke was stage manager, 
and among the members of the company were : J. B. Howe, George 
Brooks, Geo. W. Thompson, Geo. Lingard, G. C. Davenport, 
W. Marden, A. Glassford, Phillips, Seabert, Mrs. W. G. Jones, Mrs. 
Geo. Boniface, Mrs. Alice Brooks, and Kittie Fyffe. The season 
began Aug. 20, 1864, with " The Surgeon of Paris," " A Glance at 



l8S^2 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



209 



New York," and " Young America;" Aug. 22 and 23, "The Sightless 
Bride;" Aug. 24 and 25, "The Iron Mask," with J. B. Howe as 
Gaston ; Aug. 26, " Richard HI. ; " Aug. 29, " Cartouche, the Great 
Highwayman of Paris;" Sept. 4, "Vidocq, the Thief Taker of 
Paris; " and Sept. 12, " Macbeth," E. Eddy as Macbeth, J. B. Howe 
as Macduff, Geo. W. Thompson as Banquo, and Mrs. W. G. Jones 
as Lady Macbeth. Sept. 15 "Hamlet" was played, with Eddy as 
the Dane ; Mrs. W. G. Jones, Ophelia ; J. B. Howe, the Ghost. Sept. 
16, " Damon and Pythias," Eddy as Damon, and Howe as Pythias ; 
Sept. 17, "Nick of the Woods;" Sept. 26 and 27, " Monte Cristo," 
Eddy as Dantes; Sept. 28, "The Dead Heart," Eddy as Robert 
Landry. For his benefit, Oct. 7, Eddy acted Shylock in " The Mer- 
chant of Venice," O'Callahan in " His Last Legs," and Patrick 
Donovan in "The Greek Spy." "The Artful Dodger" was the 
afterpiece. " Bessy Wild, or the Thief Taker's Daughter," by J. B. 
Howe, was first given Oct. 10. J. B. Howe's drama " The Merry 
Wives of New York" was first seen Oct. 17; "The Convict Mar- 
quis," and " The Charcoal Burner, or the Dripping Well of Knares- 
borough," Oct. 24 ; Mollie Williams and Felix A. Vincent appeared 
Oct. 31 in "Cricket, or the Wild Flower of Normandy," and the 
farce "Jenny Lind at Last." Miss M. Douglass made her d^but 
here Nov. 7, as Nora O'Brien in " The Irishman's Heart." " Old 
Phil's Birthday," was presented Nov. 11, with Felix Vincent as Old 
Phil Stapleton, and Jenny Fisher as Marion Hardress. 

Manager Lingard took a benefit at the Academy of Music 
Nov. 17. Felix Vincent and Mollie Williams closed their engage- 
ment Nov. 19 with " The French Spy," " The Wizard Skiff," and 
the farces "Honest John" and "The Two Buzzards." "Fabian 
the Serf, and Pauline of Bourbon" were first acted Nov. 21. Mr. 
and Mrs. William Gomersal made their first appearance in this 
theatre Nov. 28, as Blinkey Brown and Sarah Sawyer in " Waiting 
for the Verdict." The drama had this cast: 

Lieut. Fleuville . . . . W. Marden 
Humphrey Higson .... Connelly- 
Lady Emily .... Mrs. Boniface 
Viscount Elmore . . G. W. Mitchell 
Martha Roseblade Mrs. W. G. Jones 
Sarah Sawyer Mrs. Wm. Gomersal 
Rev. Owen Hylton ... J. Winter 

Dec. 7 " Rob Roy," was produced, with J. B. Howe in the title 
r6le, and Gomersal as Dougal. Dec. 9 " The Workhouse Boy, or 
the Scamps of the Seven Dials," was given, with Mrs. Gomersal as 
Oliver Twist, Gomersal as the Dodger ; also the same night " The 
Child of the Regiment," in which Mrs. Gomersal acted Josephine, 
the afterpiece was " Blondin on the Low Rope," with Gomersal as 
Blondin ; " The Charcoal Man," by John F. Poole, and " The Black 

VOL. II. — 14 



Grafton G. Lingard 

Jonas G. W. Thompson 

Jonathan Roseblade . . A. Glassford 
Earl of Milford ... N. B. Clarke 
Mrs. Burnley .... Mrs. Bowes 
Jasper Roseblade . . . J. B. Howe 



21 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D865 

Bag" an extravaganza, by J. B. Howe, were seen Dec. 12. For 
William Post's (officer of the house) benefit, Dec. 22, " The Muleteer 
of Toledo ; " " Presumptive Evidence ; " " The Artful Dodger ; " Wal- 
lace's Brass Band ; Marietta Ravel on the tight rope ; songs by 
Tommy Shields and Fred Shaw ; Prof. Whitney and Millage Cornell 
in a set-to with the boxing-gloves; Francis Siegrist and Master 
George Siegrist, trapeze act; Nelse Seymour and Master Tommy 
in a song and dance; and John Engler in a skating act, made up the 
bill. Dec. 26 J. B. Howe's drama " Jerry Abbershaw " was pre- 
sented ; also " The Cross of Death," with G. W. Thompson in the 
leading rdle. 

Addie Anderson commenced an engagement Jan. 30, 1865, in 
" Mazeppa." She died in Chicago, June, 17, 1884. Feb. 3, James 
M. Nixon had a benefit, and the same ring used at Niblo's Garden 
for Cooke's Royal Circus was brought into requisition. In addition 
to " The Steel Cap," an equestrian entertainment was given by the 
following: George Brooks appeared as a clown for the first time; 
James Melville and his Australian family ; Chas. Sherwood, Joe Pent- 
land, Madigan and Donovan, Mme. Louise Tourniaire, Robert 
Stickney, M. Carron, F. Siegrist, J. Barry, John Foster, F. Burt, 
J. Hawkins, T. Stewart, Young Chillian, H. Metcalf, Master George, 
Master Sherwood, Nat Austin, and others. Feb. 6 Mollie Williams 
and Felix A. Vincent reappeared. " The Organ Grinder, or Nannie 
the Street Singer," by Auguste Waldauer, was produced Feb. 13. 
Mrs. W. H. Leighton and Yankee Locke were seen Feb. 20 in 
" Little Devil," Sam Patch in " France " and " The Fool of the 
Family." J. B. Howe disappeared very suddenly Feb. 23, and was 
arrested on board the steamer just as he was about sailing for Eng- 
land. He was arrested at the suit of James Lingard for a debt 
of ^268, and was conveyed to Ludlow Street Jail. It appears that 
Mr. Howe was engaged in England by Mr. Lingard for three years at 
a salary of ^8 per week and two half-clear benefits. After signing 
the contract he discovered " dollars " inserted instead of " pounds," 
and having previously been here, he knew the difference, par- 
ticularly just after the war times. But he was assured by the agent 
(Lingard having left London) that the error would be rectified on 
his arrival in New York. Mr. Howe was also to be paid for what- 
ever dramas he should write and were produced here. He claimed 
that his salary was so small that he had to borrow the amount of 
money from Mr. Lingard; furthermore, that Lingard owed him 
;^200 for two dramas. Mr. Howe secured a lawyer, and on the 
ground of false imprisonment he was discharged after being incar- 
cerated twenty-four hours. He was advised to arrest Mr. Lingard 
for false imprisonment, but he preferred getting to England as soon 
as possible, as he had a very good offer of a star engagement await- 
ing him. His salary here amounted to less than five pounds (in- 



I86s] 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



211 



stead of eight), as " shin plasters " were worth about forty-five cents 
to the gold dollar. 

George C. Boniface and Kate Newton began a round of Shake- 
spearian characters, Feb. 26. March 8 a complimentary benefit was 
given to T. B. De Walden, and March 13, Walter Grisdale made his 
first appearance in America as Virginius. William Marden acted 
Icilius ; Geo. W. Thompson, Appius Claudius ; and Annie Hyatt, 
Virginia. March 14, "A New Way to Pay Old Debts," " King 
Lear," "Mountaineers." March 18, "Richard III." March 20, 
" Gaelic Chief," which ran until April 7, when Geo. Brooks took 
a benefit, which was not over until 12.50 o'clock. Geo. C, Charles, 
and Emilie Melville March 10, in " Ireland and America," " Jenny 
Lind," and " The Irish Lion." In consequence of the assassination 
of President Lincoln, the house was closed from April 14 to April 
25, inclusive. It reopened April 26, with Walter Grisdale as Ethel- 
wood, in "The Tomb! the Throne! and the Scaffold!" May i, 
"Hamlet," Grisdale as Hamlet. May 5, "Macbeth," Grisdale as 
the Thane. E. Eddy returned May 8, as Jean Remy. May 10, 
"The Last Days of Pompeii." May 11, the Indian tragedy, " Man- 
tinimo." May 22 Henry Leslie's play, " The Mariner's Compass," 
was acted for the first time in America, cast as follows : 



Silas Engleheart . . . . E. Eddy 
Trafalgar Joe ... A. Glassford 
Jonathan Scoaley .... Seabert 
Raby Deverell . . . Wm. Marden 



Hetty Arnold . . Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Selina Annie Hyatt 

Little Annie . . . Eliza Glassford 



"The Mariner's Compass" after being transformed by James A. 
Heme into his " original " drama " Hearts of Oak " was acted by 
that gentleman for many seasons. Edward Eddy closed a six 
weeks' stay June 10, with " Pizarro," " The Greek Spy," and " Alice 
May." " The Accusing Sprit, or Three Travellers of the Tyrol," 
June 12. "The Mysterious Marriage, or Camilla's Husband," with 
Mrs. Jones as Lady Camilla, June 16, for the first time in New 
York. Lizzie Wood was the next " Mazeppa " star, who commenced 
June 26. Once more Manager James Lingard made a begging 
appeal, in the shape of a benefit, June 27. The regular season 
closed July 8, with "Jack Sheppard on Horseback," the national 
drama, " The Star Spangled Banner," " The King and Deserter," 
and " Fortune's Frolic." 

A summer season commenced July 10, under the management of 
G. C. Boniface, Kate Estelle, and G. C. Davenport joining. " Ham- 
let" was the initial performance, with Boniface as the Prince, Kate 
Estelle as the Queen, Mrs. Geo. Boniface as Ophelia, Geo. C. 
Davenport as the Gravedigger, and N. B. Clarke the Ghost; July 11, 
Boniface played Claude Melnotte.to Kate Estelle's Pauline; July 12, 
Romeo ; July 13, Richelieu ; July 14, Sir Harcourt Courtley in " Lon- 



212 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1865 

don Assurance " : F. A. Tannehill first acted in this city as Dazzle ; 
Kate Estelle was the Lady Gay ; Mrs. Boniface, Grace ; G. C. Daven- 
port, Mark Meddle; Marden as Charles Courtley; Seabert, Dolly 
Spanker ; and J. P. Winter as Cool. " The Widow's Victim," with G. 
C. Davenport as Jerry Clip, in which he gave imitations of Wm. 
Wheatley, Barney Williams, Barry Sullivan, and G. C. Boniface; 
July 15, "Wallace, the Hero of Scotland," with Boniface in the title 
r61e, "Yankee Jack" (Boniface as Jack), and "The Happy Man;" 
July 17, for the first time in five years, Boniface as Luke Fielding in 
"The Willow Copse; " July 13, "St. Mary's Eve" and " Lucrezia 
Borgia" were played; July 19, "The Sea of Ice; " July 20, "Wild 
Oats;" July 21, "Laugh When You Can; July 22, "La Tour de 
Nesle," " Tom Cringle," and " Ireland As It Was." Ellen Grey was 
specially engaged for Margaret of Burgundy — her first appearance 
in five years. The summer season closed July 24, with a benefit to 
Geo. Boniface, when " Macbeth" was acted. 

The theatre closed after this performance, and reopened July 29, 
1865, with the following company: Walter Grisdale, Geo. Brooks, 
Geo. W. Thompson, Geo. Lingard, James W. Lingard, N. B. Clarke, 
J. Winter, Stanton, Seabert, DeMall, R. Smith, Wilson, Annie Hyatt, 
Marion Willis, Mrs. Harry Jordan, Mrs. Geo. Brooks (now Mrs. 
Hart Conway) and Mrs. W. G. Jones. The opening programme was 
" Kathleen Mavourneen," " The Wandering Minstrel " and " The 
King and Freebooter." Aug. 4 " Richard III." was played, Walter 
Grisdale as Richard; Aug. 5, " Claude Duval; " Aug. 7, first time, 
" Dream of Destiny." James C. Dunn took a benefit Aug. 9, and 
the bill was: " Pizarro," J. B. Studley as Rolla; " The French Spy" 
was acted, Kate Pennoyer as Mathilde (for the first time), Jas. C. 
Dunn as Col. Bernelle ; the fifth act of " Richard III.," Sam Glenn as 
the crooked-backed tyrant in Dutch ; and " Barney, the Irish Tinker," 
James M. Ward as Barney. It was just one o'clock when the perform- 
ance was over. Aug. 12, the old spectacle, " Gio, the Armorer of 
Tyre," "The Maid of Croissy," and "The Wandering Minstrel;" 
Aug. 19, " Hawk, the Highwayman," in which James W. Lingard 
acted Sir John Boyes, also the drama " Vampire," and (for the first 
time) " The Midnight Banquet ; " Aug. 21, an adaptation of Le Bossu, 
entitled " The Duke's Signal," the drama of " The Robber of Scio," 
and " The Jolly Cobbler " were played ; Aug. 26, " The Blue Dwarf, 
or Love and Crime," followed by " The Yankee Cobbler; " "Chain 
of Guilt " was played, and " Landsharks and Seagulls ; " Aug. 28 was 
the first night of " Money and Misery." In the first piece Little 
Lulu (Lulu Jordan) played Hester. 

Geo. C. Boniface returned Sept. 4, in " Othello," Boniface as lago, 
Grisdale as the Moor; Sept. 5, "Macbeth," Boniface as Macbeth, 
Mrs. W. G. Jones as Lady Macbeth ; Sept. 6, " Julius Caesar," Boni- 
face as Marc Antony ; Sept. 7, " Macbeth," Grisdale as Macbeth, 



1865] NEW BOWERY THEATRE 213 

Boniface as Macduff. There were also played the same night 
" Buried Alive," and " The Strike." For Geo. Boniface's benefit, 
Sept. 8, "Robert Macaire," Boniface in the title r61e; Geo. C. 
Davenport, with songs and dances ; the comedy " Perfection," Harry 
Pearson and A. H. Davenport as Sir Lawrence Paragon and Charles 
Paragon ; " Sketches in India," Florence La Fond (first appearance 
in New York) as Sally Scraggs, J. H. Jack as Sir Mathew Scraggs, 
and Nelly Taylor as Lady Scraggs ; also " Blueskin," in three acts 
and twenty tableaux, Boniface as Jack Sheppard, James W. Lingard 
as Blueskin, Mrs. W. G. Jones as Edgeworth Bess, composed the bill. 
Mr. Boniface's engagement closed Sept. 9, and the programme was : 
Louisa Medina's (Mrs. Thomas Hamblin) drama, "Nick of the 
Woods," Boniface as Jibbenainosay ; the new three-act drama " The 
Life and Adventures of Cartouche, the Great Highwayman of Paris," 
and "The Chain of Guilt." Sept. 11 Edward Eddy appeared in 
"The Wizard of the Wave ; " Sept. 15, in " Pizarro," Eddy as RoUa; 
Sept. i6, " William Tell," " Paul Jones," and " A Glance at New 
York," Eddy played William Tell and Long Tom Coffin. Sept. 18, 
the new historical five-act drama translated from the French by Fred 
Schwab, " The Life and Times of Richard IIL" The national drama, 
" False Colors " and " Buried Alive " were also played the same 
evening. Sept. 25, " The Six Degrees of Crime," " Blue Dwarf," and 
the farce " Brown and Smith." Sept. 26, " The Courier of Lyons," 
"Cartouche," and "The Robber of Scio;" Sept. 27 Eddy acted 
Robert Landry in " The Dead Heart; " Sept. 28, " The Rag Picker 
of Paris," " Blacksmith of Antwerp," and " Brown and Smith ; " 
Sept. 29 Eddy played Jacob Odet in the French drama of that 
name. A lengthy bill was that of Saturday, Sept. 30, viz., the 
Scotch drama, " Wallace," " The Game Cock of the Wilderness," 
"The Irish Haymaker," and the nautical drama " Larboard Fin." 
Mr. Eddy acted Wallace and Sampson Hardhead in the first two 
plays. 

E. Eddy opened the last week of his engagement 1865, Oct. 2, 
with the spectacular drama, " Faustus," and " The Blue Dwarf." 
Oct. 5 Eddy did Damon, to the Pythias of Geo. W. Thompson, 
and Mrs. W. G. Jones was Calanthe. For his farewell benefit, Oct. 6, 
" Hamlet," " His Last Legs," and " A Glance at New York " were 
played. Mrs. W. G. Jones was the Ophelia. " La Tour de Nesle," 
"The Irish Dragoon," " The Greek Spy," and "The Dutchman's 
Ghost " were given for Mr. Eddy's farewell appearance Oct. 7. 

A benefit performance took place Oct. 13 in aid of the widow and 
children of Francis B. O'Keefe. Three dramas were played Oct. 14: 
" Jerry Abershaw," " Ireland and America," and " The Soldier's 
return." Oct. 16 was the first night of " Orion the Goldbeater." 
" The Convict's Vengeance" Oct. 18, in addition to " Orion." Oct. 
21, "Love, Ambition, and Retribution," with " Dick the Newsboy" 



214 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Ei86s 



and "A Chain of Guilt " were given Oct. 23, with Walter Grisdale 
and Mrs. W. G. Jones in the leading r61es. " Vidocq," " Harry 
Blake," and " Cavaliers and Roundheads " Oct. 28. Kate Fisher 
appeared Oct. 30 in "Mazeppa;" "Shandy Maguire" and the 
" King's Gardener " were played the same night. 

A strike took place among the musicians Nov. i. The following 
night there was no orchestra, the only music being from a piano. 
Kate Fisher in "The Female American Spy." "Vidocq" and 
" Brian O'Lynn " were also acted. The musicians in all the theatres 
had been getting ^14 a week, and struck for $20. The strike ended 
in a compromise. A new orchestra was secured for Nov. 15, when 
"The Octoroon," "Our Neighbors," and "Harry Blake" were 
played. The cast of " The Octoroon " was : 



Wah-no-tee . . 
Mrs. Peyton . . 
Geo. Peyton . . 
Jacob McCluskey 
Salem Scudder . 



Walter Grisdale 

. Mrs. H. Jordan 

Geo. Lingard 

. . J. Winter 

Geo. Brooks 



Pete .... Geo. W. Thompson 

Zoe Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Dora Annie Hyatt 

Paul .... Mrs. Geo. Brooks 



Walter Grisdale took a benefit Nov. 17, when "Lavater or Not a 
Bad Judge," was acted, with Grisdale as Lavater, and James Lingard 
as Betman. " Never Too Late to Mend " was also acted, for the first 
time in America, with this cast : 



Tom Robinson . , 
Isaac Levy . . 
The Rev. Mr. Eden 



Walter Grisdale 
G. W. Thompson 
, . N. B. Clarke 



Susan Merton . Mrs. W. G. Jones 
John Meadows .... J. Winter 



After this drama Albert Braham sang " Vive L' America," 
J. Bogan danced an Irish jig, Jake Smith did a bone solo, and J. T. 
Collins executed a clog dance. N. B. Clarke's drama, " O'Neal the 
Great," "Sixteen String Jack," and "The Smuggler" were given 
Nov. 18. Harry Leslie, the tight-rope walker, appeared Nov. 20, 
and, in addition to playing Tom in " The Dumb Man of Man- 
chester," made an ascent and descent on a single rope from the 
back of the stage to the extreme height of the theatre, performing 
several tricks at the same time. " Yankee Jack " and " Sixteen 
String Jack" were also acted. The performance closed at one 
o'clock. "The Blue Dwarf" was played Nov. 22. For his benefit, 
Nov. 24, Leslie appeared as Mushapug, a monkey, in " Jack Robin- 
son." N. B. Clarke's drama, " Kenneth," was given Nov. 25. " Peep 
o'Day" Nov. 27, and thus cast: 



Kathleen Kavanagh 
Mr. O'Cleary . . 
Mrs. Kavanagh . . 
Barney O'Toole . . 



Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Geo. Thompson 

Mrs. H. Jordan 

Geo. Brooks 



Harry Kavanagh .... Grisdale 

Stephen J. Winter 

Mary Grace .... Annie Hyatt 
Widow Mrs. Johnson 



Nov. 28, " Claude Duval, the Highwayman of 1666." Walter Gris- 
dale played Claude, and Mrs. W. G. Jones, Nell Gwynne. " Capt. Kyd" 



1866;] 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



215 



was acted Dec. 2, followed by " The Three Cracksmen," and con- 
cluding with " The Wreckers of Normandy." Dec. 4, " Robin Hood, 
the Bold Outlaw." Dec. 7, for the afternoon performance, the spec- 
tacle of " The Forty Thieves," " War in China," and " Jack Sheppard 
on Horseback," with Mrs. W. G. Jones as Jack. In the evening, 
" George Barrington, the Gentleman Highwayman," " The Three 
Cracksmen," and " Yankee Tars in China." Saturday night, Dec. 
9, for Robert Johnston's benefit, " The Rag Picker of New York," 
" Jacques Strop " (" Robert Macaire "), " Dick Turpin," and " Tom 
King." " Grant's Campaign, or Incidents of the Rebellion," by 
John F. Poole, Dec. 11. "The Death Plank" Dec. 15, for Geo. 
Brooks' benefit ; also " Le Solitaire," " Nora Creina," and " Robber 
of Scio." For Saturday night, Dec. 16, three dramas were given, 
viz. : " Knights of the Mint," " Blacksmith of Antwerp," and " Mid- 
night Banquet." " The Gunmaker of Moscow, or Valdimir the 
Monk," by Geo. L. Aiken, Dec. 18. The cast was : 

Ruric Nevel . . . Walter Grisdale Olga Winter 

Valdimir ... G. W. Thompson Count DamanofE Seabert 

•Paul Annie Hyatt Rosalind . . . Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Zenobia Mrs. Brooks 



" The Spirit of the Fountain " and Yankee Hill's drama, " Hiram 
Dodge," Dec. 20. For Geo. Thompson's benefit, Dec. 22, " Capt. 
Kyd," " Calderoni," and " Jacques Strop." " Moll Pitcher," Yankee 
Tars in China," and " A Glance at New York," Saturday night, Dec. 
23 ; Arrah na Pogue Dec. 25. 



Major Coffin Seabert 

Michael Feeny .... J. Winter 
Fanny Power . . . Miss Simmons 

Katty Annie Hyatt 

Secretary N. B. Clarke 



Arrah Meelish . Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Col. O'Grady . . G. W. Thompson 

Beamish McCoul . . Geo. Lingard 

Shaun the Post . . . T. H. Glenney 



Jan. I, 1866, "Horseshoe Robinson," "Aladdin," and "Land- 
sharks and Seagulls," made up the bill, and for the evening, " Arrah 
na Pogue," " Turn Him Out," and " Bandit of the Blind Mine." Mr. 
Glenney took a benefit Jan. 5 : "Arrah na Pogue," Bryant's minstrels, 
including Nelse Seymour, Dave Reed, Little Mac, and Mickey War- 
ren; "The Colleen Bawn," with Glenney as Miles-na-Coppaleen (for 
the first time in America), was the programme. For Saturday night, 
Jan. 6, first act " Arrah na Pogue," " Jonathan Bradford," " Knights 
of the Mint," and " Poor John Smidt." " Blue Lights of the Devil 
HoU," by Edward Fitzball, was acted for the first time in America : 



Mary Glastonbury Mrs. W. G. Jones 

Ernest Walter Grisdale 

Galen Fog Stanton 

Lucy Annie Hyatt 



Patience . 
Frank . . 
Dr. Aristotle 



Mrs. H. Jordan 

G. W. Thompson 

Geo. Brooks 



21 6 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D866 



This was the coldest night that had been experienced in New York 
in thirty-five years. Steam could not be had in the theatre, the pipes 
being all frozen. Andrew Glassford made his first appearance this 
season Jan. 13, as Titus Oates in " Claude Duval." " Seven Poor 
Travellers" was given Jan. 15. William Post, officer of the theatre, 
had a benefit Jan. 18. Thos. Q, Riggs acted Bill Williams in " Home 
from the War," for the first time in New York. Harry Leslie, the 
rope walker, did his knee-dance ; the Twenty-second Regiment drum 
corps played ; John Barry, in a clog dance ; the comedy of " Perfec- 
tion," and a comic song by Billy Holmes ; jig dance by Mickey War- 
ren, accompanied on the violin by Larry Dunn ; Geo. Thompson and 
Little Mac in a sketch, and Prof. Heintz and his pupils L. Frederick 
and Emil Rosenbaum with the foils ; A. P. Walcott, roller-skating 
act ; Francois Siegrist and his son George, in a posturing act, and 
" Barney the Baron," G. C. Davenport acting Barney. The receipts 
were $1,2^2. " The Death Plank, or The Child of the Ocean," " The 
Persecuted Dutchman," and " George Barrington," were seen Jan. 19. 
" The Convict Marquis " was done Jan. 20, with " The Soap Fat 
Man ; " Jan. 22 " Captain Macheath, or the Black Rivers of Houn- 
slow Heath," the Scotch drama, " Gilderoy," and " Brian O'Lynn," 
were given. The new London burletta, " Mrs. Green's Snug Little 
Business," was acted Jan. 27. " Raoul the Knight, or the Magician 
of Grenada," was first seen here Jan. 29. 

For James W. Lingard's next benefit, Feb. i, the bill was : "The 
Rival Dutchmen," W. J. Thompson as Bimblebeck, Geo. Thompson 
as Vatchell ; the Hanlon Brothers in gymnastic and acrobatic acts ; 
" The Hole in the Wall," J. W. Lingard as Thomas ; Billy Birch and 
Charley Backus, of the San Francisco minstrels, in their Othello 
and Macbeth sketch ; Little Mac in " The Essence of Ole Virginny ; " 
Rollin Howard, Nelse Seymour, Dan Bryant, Tony Pastor, in comic 
songs ; Harry Leslie, with his knee-dance ; A. P. Walcot, on roller 
skates ; song by Pat McGowan ; and the drama, " A Thumping 
Legacy.' For Saturday night, Feb. 3, "The Highwayman of 1776, 
or the American Jack Sheppard," by John F. Poole ; " The Charcoal 
Man, or New York Fast Life," and " False Colors," were seen. T. 
H. Glenney returned here Feb. 5 in " Arrah na Pogue." Geo. C. 
Boniface reappeared here Feb. 12, as Carlos in "The Sea of Ice," 
with this cast : 



Carlos Boniface 

Henri de Lascours G. W. Thompson 
Jean Stanton 



Louise de Lascours and Ogarita 

Mrs. W. G. Jones 
Barabas Geo. Brooks 



On Feb. 15 Boniface acted Edward Middleton in " The Drunkard," 
and Jolly Jack in "Jack's the Lad." For Saturday night, Feb. 17, 
Boniface appeared as Julio Dormilly in " The Six Degrees of Crime," 
and Vanderdecken in " The Flying Dutchman." The farce of " The 



1866: NEW BOWERY THEATRE 217 

Irish Doctor" was also acted. " Macbeth" was done Feb. 19, Boni- 
face as Macbeth, Mrs. W. G. Jones as Lady Macbeth ; Feb. 20, 
"Richelieu;" Feb. 21, "The Stranger;" and Feb. 22, "Jocrisse 
the Juggler." Mrs. W. G. Jones took a benefit Feb. 23, when 
" Medea," " Esmeralda," and " The Rival Dutchmen " were played. 
Matilda Heron was Medea. It was the first and only appearance of 
that actress at this house. Mrs. Jones played Creusa; Walter Gris- 
dale, Jason. Feb. 24, Boniface acted Sir WilUam in " Wallace the 
Hero of Scotland," and Jibbenainosy in " Nick of the Woods." " A 
Glance at New York " finished the bill. Feb. 27 the entertainments, 
afternoon and evening, were for the benefit of the sufferers by the 
burning of the American Theatre at No. 444 Broadway. A regular 
variety performance by the company from the late " /i/|/) " establish- 
ment, and " Home from the War," was the matinee bill. The even- 
ing show commenced with Charley White's farce, " The Mischievous 
Nigger," with Charley White, C. B. Reynolds, T. G. Rigg, A. Glass- 
ford, and Annie Hyatt in the cast. This was followed by a series of 
sketches and acts by Johnny Thompson, Frank Kerns, J. Morrissey, 
W. F. Bush, Florence Wells, Andy Leavitt, Charley White, Fanny 
Forrester, Emma Ross, Lucy and Sallie Clinetop, and concluded with 
the drama " Trial by Battle." 

George Boniface took a benefit March 2 and presented "The 
Lady of Lyons." Agnes Perry (afterwards Agnes Booth) was the 
Pauline; Jas. Lingard, Col. Damas; and Mr. Boniface, Claude 
Melnotte. " Sketches in India " introduced Mrs. Geo. Boniface as 
Sally Scraggs. The legendary drama, " Der Freischiitz " (Boniface 
as Caspar), "Blueskin" (Boniface as Jack Sheppard), and "Le 
Solitaire," was the closing programme of Boniface's engagement, 
March 3. The company burned out at Butler's Theatre, 444 
Broadway, commenced a two weeks' engagement in conjunction 
with "Brian Boroihme." "The Forest Keeper " was first acted in 
America at this house March 19. " The Sphinx Mystery " March 
26. "The Bohemians, or the Rogues of Paris" was seen for the 
first time in America March 29. " Bessie Wild, the Thief Taker's 
Daughter, " March 31. Walter Grisdale was seen for the first time as 
Jack Sheppard ; andj. W. Lingard, Joe Blueskin. " Edgeworth Bess 
or Jack and His Bride, " was played April 2. A benefit was given to 
the Workingmen's Union April 3, when Bryant's and the San Fran- 
cisco minstrels, Tony Pastor's Opera House company, T. G. Nolan, 
jig dancer, and H. C. Dobson, banjoist, appeared, the dramatic 
company playing "The Rent Day." N. B. Clarke took a benefit 
April 6, and " The French Spy " was given. Marietta Ravel as the 
Spy, P. Connelly as Mohammed ; double song and dance, by John- 
son and Prendergast; "The Butcher Dog of Ghent;" double clog 
dance by the Lancashire Boys; and "Ireland As It Was." Frank 
Evans played Neil O'Carolan; Jenny Walters, Judy O'Trot; and 
Geo. Davenport, Pat. 



21 8 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D866 

At four years of age Marietta Ravel made her first appearance 
before the public, at Boston, Mass., in company with the Ravels, 
and gave a performance on the tight rope. She continued one of 
the principal features of the Ravel Family for several years, visit- 
ing France, England, and other countries. After several years of 
retirement she reappeared in public during the war, at the Palace 
Garden in this city (Fourteenth Street and Sixth Avenue), on the 
tight rope. She was next seen at the Canterbury Music Hall, 
where, as a premUre danseuse, she continued for some time. It 
was while here that she married Martin W. Hanley, at that time 
in the orchestra of that establishment, and who for some time has 
been the manager for Edward Harrigan and Robert Mantell. 
On March 13, 1865, she acted "The French Spy," at Pittsburg, 
for the first time. 

George Davenport was an Irish comedian of great promise. He 
died in St. Luke's Hospital, this city, Jan. 25, 1884, when a little 
over forty years of age. He was married to Kate Newton (sister- 
in-law to George Boniface), Oct. 8, 1865. She afterwards became 
the wife of Charles Backus, the minstrel performer. 

Leo Hudson appeared here in " Mazeppa " April 9, with George 
W. Thompson as Abder Khan. This lady was formerly the wife 
of Charles Backus. She appeared April 14 as Otapontas, in "Eagle 
Eye." Leo Hudson died at St. Louis, Mo., June 2, 1873. Her 
last appearance on the stage was at Wakefield's Opera House, that 
city. May 10, of the same year. While performing "Mazeppa" at 
a matinee performance, she received serious internal injuries by 
her horse. Black Bess, missing her footing, and falling to the 
stage, while Miss Hudson was bound to her back. She was bom 
at London, England, while her parents were on a visit to that 
country. 

Imogene Tracy made her first appearance here April 9, as Eosetta 
in " The Swiss Swains. " " The Cataract of the Ganges " was pre- 
sented April 16, with Leo Hudson as Zamine, Walter Grisdale as 
Mokarra. For her farewell benefit, April 20, Miss Hudson acted 
Don Csesar, in "Don Caesar de Bazan," and Gen. Putnam, in 
"Putnam, the Iron Son of '^6." "Phorty Thieves, or ye Robbers 
on Basket Horses," by John F. Poole, was given April 23 for the 
first time. Prof. W. Tanner and his performing dogs and monkeys 
appeared April 30. "The Scottish Chiefs" was seen May 4 for 
Grisdale' s benefit. Among the volunteers were Albert Braham in 
songs, and Louise Carman (from Wallack's) in a dance. G. W. 
Thompson had a host of volunteers for his benefit May 1 1. They 
were as follows: Kathleen O'Neil, Albert Braham, R. W. Smith 
(tambourine solo), assisted by Tom Wadde, Johnny Mack, Master 
Morissey, Lew Brimmer, Georgina Tracy, Charles and George 
Dobson, Harry King, Profs. Whitney and Cornell, Mickey Warren, 



I866J NEW BOWERY THEATRE 219 

and Cronin and Collins. Edward Eddy and Henrietta Irving ap- 
peared May 21 as Claude Melnotte and Pauline in "The Lady of 
Lyons." May 22 "The Merchant of Venice," Eddy as Shylock 
and Miss Irving as Portia, was played; May 23, "Hamlet" and 
"The Day After the Wedding;" May 24, "The Stranger," Eddy 
in the title r61e, Miss Irving as Mrs. Haller. Also " Black Eyed 
Susan," Eddy as William, and Miss Irving as Susan. "La Tour 
de Nesle," "Taming of the Shrew," "The Irish Haymaker," and 
"The Rendezvous" formed the bill for Eddy's benefit, May 25, 
when he acted Capt. Buridan, Petruchio, and Looney McTwolter. 
For Miss Irving's benefit. May 26, "Nick of the Woods," "Tam- 
ing of the Shrew," and "Ben the Boatswain " were given. 

Mme. Celeste began an engagement May 28 in "The Woman in 
Red," which kept the stage all the week. June 4 Celeste acted 
the dual r61e in "The House on the Bridge of Notre-Dame," Mr. 
Grisdale playing Torquerolles. 

Walter Grisdale died in England, Feb. 13, 1883, of inflamma- 
tion of the lungs, aged fifty-nine years. For Celeste's benefit and 
last appearance, June 8, the programme was: "The Child of the 
Wreck," Celeste as Maurice, followed by "Customs of the Coun- 
try," Barney Williams and George Becks as Melissa and Mortimer 
Sparkle; after which "Barney the Baron," Barney Williams in the 
title rdle, and concluded with "Green Bushes," Mme. Celeste as 
Miami. June 9 " Captain Macheath," " Yankee Jack," and " State 
Secrets," made up the bill, when the season closed, and George 
Brooks retired from the theatre. Probably no low comedian that 
has ever appeared in the Bowery enjoyed a more extended or better- 
earned reputation than Mr. Brooks. His widow is now known as 
Mrs. Hart Conway. Charles F. Seabert died in this city Oct. 29, 
1887, aged fifty-one years. A summer season commenced June 
16, with Sheridan Corbyn as manager, and James Schonberg as 
stage director. The attraction was the Buislay Family of acro- 
bats, pantomimists, and gymnasts, comprising fitienne, Adolphe, 
Auguste, Julio, Greuet, Justin, Joaquin Buislay, and Mile. Louise. 
With them was a dramatic company, for the presentation of come- 
dies and farces. It included Sallie A. Hinckley, Alicia Thorne, 
Fred Woodhull, L. R. Benneaux, George Roundy, J. W. Pember- 
ton, George and Alfred Becks, Wright, Williams, M. Grossi, Mme. 
Strebinger, Blanche Chapman, and Carrie A. Moore, skater (the 
latter' s first appearance in New York). 

The last season of this house commenced Aug. 4, 1866. James 
W. Lingard was manager, N. B. Clarke, stage manager, and Ben- 
jamin Dean, musical director. Geo. W. Herbert was prompter, 
and had been so from the first night the theatre opened. The 
principals of the company were : James W. Lingard, N. B. Clarke, 
W. H. Whalley, G. W. Thompson, Belvil Ryan, George Lingard, 



220 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisee 



Stanton, Andrew Glassford, Violet Campbell (Mrs. Belvil Ryan), 

A. Glassford, Jr. , E. and A. Powell, and Sarah Steele. The open- 
ing bill was "Damon and Pythias," "Wilful Murder," and "Bach- 
elor's Buttons." This was William H. Whalley's first appearance 
in this house (as Damon), Violet Campbell's (Mrs. Belvil Ryan) 
first appearance in the United States, and Belvil Ryan's American 
debut. Violet Campbell and Belvil Ryan played Sam Daisy and 
Fanny Wilton in "Bachelor's Buttons." Aug. 6 "Macbeth" was 
given, with Whalley as Macbeth, G. W. Thompson as Macduff, N. 

B. Clarke as Banquo; Violet Campbell, Lady Macbeth; and Belvil 
Ryan, First Witch. " The Phantom of Tormenar " was seen for 
the first time Aug. 8. Saturday night, Aug. ii, "Six Degrees of 
Crime" "The Flying Dutchman," and "Brian O' Lynn," formed 
the bill. " The Mysteries of Carrow Abbey " was presented Aug. 
13; "The Three Red Men, or the Brothers of Bluthaupt," Aug. 
20. Edward Eddy and Henrietta Irving reappeared Aug. 27, in 
"The Jewess" and "Handsome Husband." Rachel Denvil made 
her first appearance here Aug. 27 as Rachel the Jewess. " Roc- 
ambole " was first seen here Sept. 3, cast thus : 



Bacaret ) 

Mme. Charmetl 
Joseph Flippart > 
Rocambole i 



Henrietta Irving 
.... Eddy 



Andrea G. W. Thompson 

Jean Belvil Ryan 

Count A. Glassford 

Valentine Asbury Dowd 



Sept. 7 Eddy acted Chas. de Moor in "The Robbers," and 
Petruchio in " Taming of the Shrew. " He appeared as Belphegor 
Sept. 10. He was the original of this character in America. Sept. 
13 Eddy was seen in "The Dead Heart;" Sept. 14, "The Streets 
of New York," Eddy as Badger, Henrietta Irving as Dan; Sept. 
20, for Lingard's benefit, "The Serious Family," Eddy as Captain 
Murphy Maguire, Henrietta Irving as Widow Delmaine; Tony 
Pastor, in comic songs; "All the World's a Stage;" ballad by 
Charles Henry; Frank Brower and Eph Horn, in a negro sketch; 
bone solo by John Smith, and the Dutch farce, "Moses Wokkle." 
" The Last Days of Pompeii " was done Sept. 22. " Osanore " by 
Edwin F. de Nyse (who afterwards married Lulu Prior), was acted 
Sept. 24; Oct. I "Paul Clifford" was given, with William Whalley 
as Paul Clifford. 

William H. Whalley died in St. Francis' Hospital, this city, 
April 7, 1876. He was born in County Donegal, Ireland, Aug. 
28, 1837. He came to America at an early age, and made his 
debut on the stage at the Arch Street theatre, Philadelpha, Pa., 
acting a minor character in "Speed the Plough." His last public 
performances were at the Stadt Theatre, this city, during a brief 
season in November, 1875. His remains were interred in Calvary 
cemetery. 



1866] 



NEW BOWERY THEATRE 



221 



John F. Poole's " Gaelic Chief " was first acted Oct. 8. There 
were nearly two hundred "supers," and they made a lively scene 
at the gathering of the Clans of Scotland when Wm. Cleland 
and Peter Bowman, Scotch bagpipers, were first heard in this 
city. The Irish drama, "Eva the Irish Princess," was first seen 
Oct. 27. John F. Poole's prize drama, "Captain Heron, or the 
Highwayman of Epping Forest," Oct. 31 ; "The Gunmaker of Mos- 
cow," and " Jonathan Bradford " were acted Nov. 3. " The Black Cat 
of Coventry "was done Nov. 12. "Mazeppa." Nov. 23, " Cataract 
of the Ganges;" Nov. 24, "Jack Sheppard on Horseback;" Nov. 
26, "The Three Fast Men," with Kate Fisher in eight characters; 
Nov. 30 she appeared in "The French Spy on Horseback," and 
"The Young American Actress." Dec. i, "Handsome Jack on 
Horseback;" Dec. 4 the pantomime of "Tom, Tom, the Piper's 
Son" was acted for two weeks. Harlequin, W. Stanton; Clown, 
Little Mac ; Pantaloon, Andrew Glassford ; and Columbine, Katie 
Glassford. " Crohoore na Bilhoge " was played Dec. 14. Augus- 
tin Daly's "Griffith Gaunt" was first seen here Dec. 17 with the 
following cast : 

Griffith Gaunt . . W. H. Whalley 
Geo. Neville . . G. W. Thompson 
The Attorney General . . Ashbury 
Lawyer Houseman . . . G. Lingard 
Manager of the Royal Timbuctoo 

Pearson 
Manager of the Royal Princess Baker 
Prof, of Royal Game .... Hall 



Crier of the Court 
Kate Peyton . 
Mercy Vint . 
Caroline Ryder 
A Pretty Gypsy 
Squire Peyton 



, . Wilson 

. Rachel Denvil 

Violet Campbell 

Mrs. A. Glassford 

Miss Francis 

A. Glassford 



Father Francis Wright 

Brother Leonard Dowd 

Chief Justice Seabert 

Ned Galton Wheeler 

Tom Leicester .... Belvil Ryan 

Paul Carrick Stanton 

Old Vint J. B. Mason 

John Noakes Davis 

Thos. Styles Starr 

Hayes Pearson 

Dame Vint Mrs. Bowes 

Jane Frost Miss Farwell 

Betty Miss Fenton 

Meg Miss Davenport 



" The Middy Ashore " was also acted. The same bill was an- 
nounced for Dec. 18, but on the afternoon of that day the house 
was destroyed by fire. The scenery in the theatre at the time of its 
destruction came from the old Broadway, Burton's Chambers Street 
theatre, the Chatham and Old Bowery theatres. The property 
was owned by ex-Judge James R. Whiting, and was leased for 
several years by James W. Lingard. In general appearance the 
house resembled the Old Bowery theatre. Messrs. Fox and 
Lingard held it at an annual rental of ;jS7,ooo, with the privilege 
of purchasing it at ;^i6o,ooo, with the term of lease ten years. 
The fire broke out about half-past four o'clock in the afternoon, 
and was discovered under the stage. In twenty minutes after the 
fire was seen the rear wall in Elizabeth Street fell out with a terri- 
ble crash. The loss was ^150,000, partly covered by insurance. 



222 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisee 



THE NEW SANTA CLAUS 

THE NEW SANTA CLAUS was a place of amusement located 
at 72 Prince Street, opposite the Metropolitan Hotel, three 
doors east of Broadway. It was opened Jan. 15, 1859. The man- 
ager (H. Williams) had been running a Santa Claus at 596 Broad- 
way, but his lease expired, and he located here. Josephine West, 
Eva Brent, Miss Franklin, Ed. Warden, Jerry Merrifield (stage 
manager), and Julia Barton were among the attractions of the 
place. 

HARRY WHITBY & GO'S CIRCUS 

THE vacant lots at the southwest corner of Sixth Avenue and 
Fifteenth Street were often used for open air entertainments, 
and here Harry Whitby & Go's circus appeared under canvas for 
a season beginning June i, 1859. 

JOE PENTLAND'S CIRCUS 

AT the junction of Broadway and Thirteenth Street were other 
open spaces, and here Joe Pentland's circus began a season 
under canvas June 6, 1859. Mons. De Bach, Richard Hemmings, 
Tom King, Painter, and Durand were in the organization. Sam 
Long was clown, Frank Whittaker ringmaster, and John G. Sloat 
proprietor and manager. 

IRVING HALL 

A HOUSE with a varied and picturesque career is Irving 
Hall, situated on the west side of Irving Place, at the cor- 
ner of Fifteenth Street. The first entertainment here was a ball 
on Dec. 20, i860. George Christy's minstrels opened May 21, 1861. 
For a long time the house was used for balls, lectures, concerts, 
and miscellaneous entertainments of a high character. It had no 
stage, but a flat floor with a small gallery. Nully Pieris gave a 
concert here Sept. 10, 1864, assisted by Mme. d'Angri, Barnetchie, 
Sig. Abella, Sher. C. Campbell, and William Castle. Fallon's 
stereopticon was on exhibition Sept. 12 to Oct. i. Mr. Oscanyan 
lectured here Oct. 3; concerts by Jerome Hopkins Oct. 11, and 
Gustave Geary Oct. 13. Cordova gave his series of lectures for 
one week, commencing Nov. 19, 1865; Theodore Thomas' concerts 
took place Dec. 3, Jan. 3, 7, 17, 1866, and March 30; Strakosch 
gave a concert April i. Artemus Ward commenced a series 
of lectures Aug. 28, and his last appearance here was Sept. 5. 
Mme. Parepa (afterwards Parepa-Rosa) made her American d^but 



1866] IRVING HALL 223 

here Sept. 1 1 in concert under the management of H. L. Bateman, 
Carl Rosa, violinist, and E. Danreuther, pianist, made their 
American debut at the same time. Theodore Thomas' orchestra 
also appeared. Parepa sang an aria from "Ernani," "The Night- 
ingale's Trill," and the waltz, "II Baccio. " For three weeks in 
September, 1866, Prof. M. Hartz, the magician, appeared here. 
Mr. and Mrs. Howard Paul came Oct. i, making their American 
debut in an entertainment consisting of a sketch, " Ripples on the 
Lake ; " the song, " Ship on Fire ; " " The Dream of the Reveller ; " 
and imitations of Sims Reeves. This was Mrs. Paul's part of the 
programme. Howard Paul sang "When George III. was King" 
and " Napoleon III." After a few months they returned to Europe. 
They revisited this country in October, 1869. Mr. Paul has visited 
America frequently since then, but not professionally. Mrs. Paul 
did not return after her second visit. These artists danced the 
Can-can in an entertainment at Philadelphia, at Concert Hall — 
the first time it was ever done in this country. 

Mrs. Paul was formerly Miss Featherstone. One of her great- 
est successes was achieved as Capt. Macheath, in "The Beggar's 
Opera," at the Strand Theatre, London, in 1853, and she repeated 
it in the same r5le at the Haymarket Theatre, in 1854. In that 
year she married Howard Paul. A prominent feature in their en- 
tertainment, called " Patchwork, " was the " Living Photograph of 
Sims Reeves," given by Mrs. Paul, which was an astonishing re- 
production of that great tenor's voice, style, manner, and personal 
appearance, without any degree of caricature. Her voice was a 
pure contralto, with a compass of three octaves, ranging from A in 
the bass clef to A in alt, and her lower tones were very rich and 
powerful. Mrs. Paul returned to the dramatic stage in 1869, at 
Drury Lane, London, Eng., acting in "Macbeth," Mr. Phelps and 
Charles Dillon playing Macbeth on alternate nights. She died at 
London, England, June 6, 1879. Howard Paul was born at Phila- 
delphia, and made his first appearance on the stage at Bath, Eng- 
land, in 1854, in a farce written by himself, entitled " My Neighbor 
Opposite." As an actor and mimic, he hits off his characters with 
a ready liveliness and ease of manner that at once places him on 
good terms with his audience. He has written various plays of a 
light character for the stage. 

During this season Irving Hall was occupied by H. L. Bateman 
with a series of concerts, and among the artists who appeared were 
Richard Croker, the Formes Brothers, Jehin Prume, A. H. Pease, 
Mrs. Emma Gillingham Bostwick, Zelda Harrison, Mme. La 
Comtesse de Ferussac, St. Ann's Sunday-school, Maria Brain- 
erd, Blind Tom, Mme. De Lussan, George Simpson, Theodore 
Thomas, Kate McDonald, G. W. Morgan, W. R. Johnston, 
Trinity Choir, Robt. Elder, the Beethoven society of Yale 



224 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cissg 

College, the Mendelssohn Union, Olive Logan, and De Cordova 
in lectures. 

During the season of 1867-68 concerts were given by Charles 
Henry, the minstrel performer, Budworth's minstrels, Lafayette 
Harrison, Mrs. Agnes de Vere, Mme. Eugenie de Lusan, Ignatz 
Pollak, Wenzel Kapta, Mrs. Anna Payne, Mrs. Jenny Busk, J. H. 
Warwick, Mina Geary, Fred Bergener, Mile. Ghioni, W. J. Hill, 
the Mendelssohn Union, Blind Tom, Fanny Landsman, and Henry 
Sanderson, and other entertainments by Arthur Sketchley, Walter 
Hope Wallack, Mrs. Theresa Yelverton, and George VandenhofE. 
Kinney's diorama, illustrative of Lincoln's funeral ceremonies, 
was unrolled Aug. 31, 1868, and continued for three weeks. Dur- 
ing this season concerts were given by Ignatz Pollack, Edward 
Hoffman, Jenny Kempton, the Mendelssohn Union, C. Henry, 
Signora Filomena, W. K. Bassford, Mina Geary, Henry Sander- 
son, and Sig. Manzocchi. Professor Cromwell gave his lecture 
here with success. A Lodge of Sorrow was held here Sunday 
afternoon, March 14, 1875, by the B. P. O. Elks. The committee 
of arrangements were: Geo. J. Green, Henry P. O'Neil, Tony 
Pastor, Frank Gerard, Charles T. White, Joseph F. Waring, 
Robert J. Martin, and the writer of these pages. Nothing of 
note occurred here until Oct. i, 1877, when the hall was opened 
by John Wild as a variety theatre. It was christened the Grand 
Central, but business was so bad that it existed just one week. 
As a concert hall this place lost caste as soon as Steinway Hall 
was opened, and Irving Hall gradually fell into disuse. The hall 
was demolished in July, 1888, in order to erect a new German 
theatre. Gustav Amberg, who had been managing the Thalia 
(Old Bowery) Theatre, with German dramatic performances, was 
the builder. The first performance in the new house, which was 
called "The Amberg Theatre," occurred Dec. i, 1888. 

Theodore G. Stein designed, and John and L. Weber built the 
Amberg Theatre. It has a total seating capacity of twelve hundred 
and fifty. The stock company consisted of one hundred and twenty 
members. " Ein Erflog " was the initial performance, repeated 
Dec. 3. " Tilly " was done Dec. 4, 5. " Farinelli " had its first 
American production Dec. 20, with Ferdinand Schultz in the title 
r81e. Max Lube was seen as Don Coschambo, Herr Friese as 
Pancho, Fraulein Englander as Manuela, and Frau Habrich as 
Donna Elvir. 

Jan. I, 1889, "Prince Methusalem " was seen. August Junker- 
mann opened Jan. 4 in "Onkel Braesig." "Unser Doctor" was 
sung. Jan. 28 Sadie Martinot made her first appearance on the 
German stage, when she acted Bettina in " La Mascotte." August 
Junkermann appeared Jan. 29, 31, and evenings Feb. 2, 4, 6, 7, 
in "Unser Doctor." For Junkermann's benefit, Feb. 7, "Aus der 



1889] 



THE AMBERG THEATRE 



225 



Franzosenzeit," "Vorn Juristentag. " Sadie Martinet appeared as 
Bettina Feb. 5, 8. A professional matinee of " The Mascot " oc- 
curred Feb. 7. Mathilde Cottrelly made her debut here Feb. 9 
in "Die Salon Tyrolerin. " On Feb. 13, the "Grand Opera," by 
Tannhauser, music by Binder. Junkermann closed his engage- 
ment Feb. 27. Thessa Klinkhammer made her American debut 
Feb. 28 as Cyprienne, in the German version of "Divorcons;" 
March i and 2 she appeared in Benedix's " Aschenbroedel. " The 
season of 1889-90 opened Sept. ig with "Hans Fourchambault. " 
On Sept. 20 Karl Streitmann, the Vienna tenor, made his Ameri- 
can debut in "The Gypsy Baron," and on Sept. 21 Ling Bendel, 
a new soubrette, was seen in " The Seamstress. " 

Henrik Ibsen's drama, "Die Stuetzen der Gesellschaft " ("The 
Pillars of Society "), was given for the first time in America Oct. 
26. This was the cast : 



Consul Bernick . . . Frl. Weinert 

Oscar Frl. Sterneck 

Johann Tonnsea . . Herr Eisfeld 
Ailmar Tonnsen . . . Herr Walter 
Oberleh Lund . . . Herr Ottbert 

Rummel Herr Meyer 

Wigland Herr Rauk 

Sandstadt Herr Linnhold 

Krapp Herr Bach 



Auner .... 
Fraulein Bernick 
Dina Dorp . . 
Frau Rummel 
Frau Dr. Lange . 
Fraulein Rummel 
Fraulein Holt 
Frau Holt . . . 
Fraulein Lonahesse! 



Herr Kierschner 
. Frl. Christien 
. . Frl. Burg 
. Frl. Schmitr 
Frl. V. Varndal 
. Frl. Schroeder 
. . Frl. Bella 
. . Frl. Kuhn 
Frl. Leithner 



It was repeated Oct. 27 and 28. The week was otherwise filled 
by Ernst Possart, who gave a performance Oct. 25 in "Drei 
Braeute auf Einmal," and by matinees Oct. 25, 26, 27, and 28, 
of "Snow White," and "Cinderella," etc. The house was dark 
Oct. 23. 

Herr Possart reappeared in America Oct. 29 in Lindau's sombre 
tragedy, " Die Bluthochzeit ; " Oct. 30, in " Friend Fritz ; " Nov. r, 
as Shylock, in "The Merchant of Venice." He appeared every 
evening, except Nov. 5, of the week of Nov. 4, as follows: Nov. 
4, "Bluthochzeit;" Nov. 6, "The Merchant of Venice;" Nov. 7, 
9, " The Judge of Zalamea ;" Nov. 8, " Friend Fritz. " Possart acted 
"Drei Braeute auf Einmal" ("Three Brides at Once"). 

The first American performance of " Der Richter von Zalamea " 
was given Nov. 17 with this cast: Pedro Crespo, Ernst Possart; 
the King, Herr Meyer; Don Lope de Figuersa, Herr Kierschner; 
Don Alvaro, Herr Hillman; Don Mendo, Herr Friese; Juan, 
Herr Eisfeld; Nuno, Herr Rauk; Isabel, Frl. Christien; Ires, 
Frl. Schroeder ; Chispa, Ling Bendel. " Martha " was sung Dec. 
3 when Herr Goosky made his American debut as Lionel. Otto 
Hegner, the pianist prodigy, gave recitals afternoon of Dec. 9 and 
II assisted by members of Mr. Amberg's company. On the night 
of Dec. 8 Johann Strauss' three-act comic opera, " Venetianische 

VOL. II. — 15 



226 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSgo 



Nachte," was sung. Its English version, "A Night in Venice," 
was made familiar to New Yorkers by the Duff opera company at 
Daly's theatre a few years before. 

Mme. Hermine-Claar-Della, wife of the director of the opera 
and theatre at Frankfort on the Main, a favorite actress of Berlin, 
made her American d^but on the night of Jan. i6, 1890, as Coun- 
tess d'Autreval, in "Der Damenkrieg" (Herr Olfers' German 
translation of Scribe's "Une Bataille des Dames "), known to us 
as "The Ladies' Battle," and as Frangoise Dumesnil, in "Die 
Schauspielerin " (W. Friedrich's adaptation of M. Fournier's one- 
act comedy, "The Actress"). "Fernande," the German version 
of Victorien Sardou's drama of that name, was acted Jan. 22, with 
Mme. Claar-Della as Clotilde, and Else Hoffmann in the title r61e. 

"Der Fall Clemenceau " was presented Jan. 27. Feb. 12 was 
the first American performance of Carl Millocker's three-act comic 
operetta, " Die Sieben Schwaben " (" The Seven Suabians "), cast 
as follows : 



Junker Otmar . . Karl Streitmann 

Stickel Herr Meyer 

Kathchen . . Fraulein Zimmermann 
Emerenzia .... Frau Habrich 

Bombastus Herr Rotter 

Spakle Herr Schmitz 

Hannele . . . Fraulein Englaender 



Nicodemus . . 
Erasmus . . . 
AUgauerle . . . 
Gelbfukle Schwab 
Knopfle Schwab . 
Spiegle Schwab . 
Blitz Schwab . . 



Herr Sinnhold 
Herr Horwitz 
. Herr Friese 
. Herr Korn 
Herr Walter 
Herr Ceroid 
. Herr Rauk 



On Saturday night, Feb. 15, Herr Schubert's German version 
of "Belle-Maman," called "Die Gute Mama," was acted for the 
first time in this country. 

Herr Possart and Frau Claar-Della were the stars for the week 
commencing March 3. For his benefit, March 5, Herr Possart 
played "King Lear." Evening of March 8 saw the first perform- 
ance in this city of "Familie Meyer," a four-act musical farce, by 
F. Berent, with music by Herr Wegirn. Herren Walter Friese, 
Ottbert, and others were in the cast. Ernst Possart did not appear 
March 10, though billed in "King Lear." "The Meyer Family" 
was substituted. On March 12 was presented for the first time in 
America, " Die Ehre " (" Honor "), a four-act drama by Hermann 
Sundermann. 

On April 10 Franz von Suppe's comic opera, " Die Jagd Nach 
dem Glueck, " for the first time in America in its original German 
form. The English version of it is known as "Clover." Karl 
Streitmann sang the r61e of Rudolf; Fraulein Zimmermann, Stella; 
Fraulein Englaender, the Foster Sister; Herr Friese, Jr., Casimir; 
and Fraulein Von Varndal, Florine. On April 17, for August 
Walter's benefit, "Die Nachbarinnen " and "Im Puppenladen" 
were given, and were also seen April 18 and 19. "Die Nach- 
barinnen " is from the French, and was here played for the first 



iSgo)] 



THE AMBERG THEATRE 



227 



time in this country. " Die Amazone," by Von Moser and Thurn, 
was given April 29 for the benefit of Herr Ottbert. It had this 
cast : Plumicke, Herr Rauk ; Grunlich, Herr Friese, Sr. ; Arthur 
Prinz, Herr Ottbert; Vorberg, Herr Horwitz; Julie, Frl. Kuhn; 
Rika, Frl. Burg; Marie, Frl. Bella; Frau Schnabel, Frl. Schmitz. 
" Morilla " was sung for the first time here on May 2, for the bene- 
fit of Carola Englaender. "Der Verschwender " was given May 7. 
"Der Zigeuner Baron" was seen May 8, in which Herr Streit- 
mann appeared. At the beginning of the performance, Carola 
Englaender, cast for Arsena, became suddenly ill. As it was too 
late to replace her, the young singer volunteered to appear, though 
unable to sing. After the first act, Herr Friese, the stage man- 
ager, appeared in front of the curtain and requested the audience's 
indulgence. At the matinee May 10 "Morilla" was presented. 
The week's novelty was found in "Das Gefaehrliche Maedchen," 
which was done for the first time in this country May 9 as a benefit 
to Ellen Burg, and was repeated May 10. Ernst Possart made his 
last appearance in this city May 19, as "King Lear." 

The next season commenced Sept. 18, with "Das Bild des Sig- 
norelli," by Richard Jaffe, performed for the first time in America: 



Oscar Waede .... Herr Tauber 
Fritz Waede .... Herr Stengel 

Dr. Keil Herr Meyer 

Professor Waede . Herr Kierschner 
Kammerherr von Grothe Herr Morway 



Ella von Seeben . . . Frl. Leithner 

PfeifEer Herr Walter 

Frau Waede .... Frl. Schmitz 
Kaethe Frl. Burg 



" Der Fall Clemenceau " was given Sept. 19 with Fraulein 
Neumann as Iza — her first appearance in America. Frau Moser- 
Sperner and Walter Heydt also made their American debut on this 
occasion. Paula Loewe made her American debut Sept. 20 as 
"Drei Paar Schute." On Sept. 24 Karl Streitmann made his 
reappearance in "Der Zigeuner Baron," and Sept. 25 he was heard 
in "Die Fledermaus." On that date also, Emma Seebold appeared, 
after a long absence in Germany. " Der Bethel Student," Sept. 27, 
was the other opera of the week. The comedy performances were 
Sept. 26 and matinee of Sept. 27, when Paula Loewe, the new sou- 
brette, was seen. "Der Bethel Student," night of Sept. 27, served 
to introduce Mr. Amberg's new tenor, Adolph Phillip, to the New 
York public. "Die Novize," a musical comedy by F. Zeil, was 
given Oct. i for the first time in America, with this cast : 



Gustav Herr Horwitz 

Timoethea Frl. Schmitz 

Dr. Mobius von Ingenhof Herr Walter 
Frau von Giesback Frau Trautmann 
Severin Holberg, Kapellmeister 

Herr Friese, Sr. 



Frau Langhofer .... Frl. Werner 
Fraulein Schneitzhofer . Frl. Varndal 
Fraulein Reitzenbeck . Frl. Blanche 
Fraulein Sivori . . Frl. Englaender 

Kuhne Herr Rauk 

Leontine .... Frl. Paula Loewe 



228 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1890 

Carl Schultz and three other members of the company which 
bears his name made their first bow in America Oct. 6 in " Ham- 
burger Pillen." Those who made their d^but here were Carl 
Schultz, Herr Mansfield, Fraulein Schultz, and Fraulein Hell- 
wig. Night of Oct. 9, for the first time in America, Julius Ernst's 
musical farce, " Hamburger Leiden " was played. Fraulein Leith- 
ner was unable to appear. Her part was taken at the last moment 
by Fraulein Werner. Oct. 15 "Villa Friedrichsrue," by Herren 
Hirschel and Schreirer, was performed for the first time in America. 
It was repeated Oct. 16, when the Schultz company made their 
farewell appearance. Night of Oct. 17 Ludwig Fulda's "Die 
Wilde Jagd," was seen for the first time in America. Oct. 21 
" Urial Acosta " was acted, with Herr Morrison in the title r61e, 
his second appearance, his American debut having occurred Oct. 
20 in "Kean." Oct. 23 "Froment, Jr., and Risler, Sr.," trans- 
lated from the French, was produced. " Das Verwunschene Schloss " 
("The Haunted Castle"), a comic opera, was sung Oct. 28 for the 
first time in nine years, in this city. "Eva," a drama by Voss, 
was done Oct. 31, for the first time in America, and with this 
cast: 



Graf Duren . . . Herr Kierschner 

Elimar Herr Ditrichstein 

Hartwig Herr Kruger 

Past Schoeller . . . Herr Stengel 

Hempel Herr Rauk 

Braun Herr Braun 

Wolf Herr Morway 



Dr. Weller . 
A Doctor . . 
Frau Hartwig 
Frau Schoeller 
Frau Hempel 
Toinette . . 
Eva . . . 



Herr Walter 
Herr Ei chert 
Frl. Schmitz 
Frl. Werner 
Frl. Varndal 
Frl. Neumann 
Frl. Leithner 



The Muenchener, Munich's Germany company of actors and 
actresses, arrived in America Oct. 31. The company numbered 
thirty-four. Its best known members were Herr Amand Kolbe, 
Herr Sageder, Fraulein Amelie Schoenchen, Herr Karl Swoboda, 
Herr Adolph Ernst, Fraulein Kathie Thaller, Fraulein Bertha 
Weber, Fraulein Marie Nebauer, Herr Baleither, Herr Fischer, 
and Herr Weyrauther. Their first American performance occurred 
Nov. 5 in "Der Herrgottschnitzer von Ammergau." This con- 
tinued until Nov. 24, when "Almonrausch und Edelweiss" was 
presented, with this cast : 



Der Buhelbauer . . . Amand Kolbe 

Mentl Karl Ernst 

Reinthaler Max Selus 

Gaberl Franz Ressner 

Der Hies von Buhel . Max Hofpener 
Der Brigadier . . Alois Weyrauther 



Quasi Robert Balatha 

Der Prugel Peterl . . Karl Swoboda 

Evi Betty MuUer 

Kordi Kathie Thaller 

Vroni Marie Nebauer 

Margareth . . . Amelie Schoenchen 



"Der Pfarrer von Kirchfeld " had its first American perform- 
ance Dec. 4. " In Austragetubschen " was presented Dec. 8 for 



iSgi] 



THE AMBERG THEATRE 



229 



the opening of the last week of the Muenchener company. It was 
its first American representation. The play translated into Eng- 
lish would be "The Old Homestead." The cast was: 



Der Alte Lehurhofbauer, Karl Swoboda 
Waterl .... Amelie Schoenchen 



Mattl . 

Wally 

Natzel 

Plauer 

Der Stiglschuster 



. . . Karl Ernst 
. . Betty Muller 
. . Emil Hoefer 
Alois Weyrauther 
Max Hofpener 



Die Schusternaudle . Kathie Thaller 
Der Lercheubauer . . Karl Meyer 

Evi Leni Scheller 

Veri Max Selus 

Moni Emma Grimm 

Girgl Alfonse Fischer 

Michl Karl Paschner 



"Der Prozesshaus'l " was given for the first time in America. 
The Muenchener closed Dec. 13. "Die Beste Kur" was played 
Dec. 15, in which the regular company of the Amberg made their 
re-entree. "The Lost Paradise" was seen Dec, 18 for the first 
time in America. The cast was : 



Kraus Herr Rauk 

Franke Herr Meyer 

Frau Bernardi . . . Fr. Trautmann 

Frau Heideck Frl. Bella 

Reeke Fr. Dobers 

Edith Frl. Neumann 



Julius Bernardi . . Herr Kierschner 
Richard von Ottendorf, 

Herr Ditrichstein 
Hans Arndt .... Herr Kruger 
Dr. Heideck . . . Herr Reischert 

Weber Herr Morway 

Muhlberg Herr Walter 

"The Lost Paradise " was repeated Dec. 22, 23, " Cinderella " 
was given Dec. 25. Dec. 28 Josef Brackl, tenor, from Munich, 
Bav., made his American debut in "The Haunted Castle;" Dec. 
29, "Nanon" was sung; Dec. 30, "Belle H61^ne;" Dec. 31, 
" Fledermaus ; " Jan. i, 1891, "Three Pair of Shoes," with Paula 
Loewe in the cast, was presented. 

Matinees were given every afternoon (except Friday) during the 
week of Dec. 29. " Poor Jonathan " (called here " Der Arme 
Jonathan ") was sung in its original German form, for the first 
time in America, Jan. 2 and had this cast: 



Vandergold 
Jonathan Tripp 
Tobias Quikly . 
Catalucci . . 
Prostolone . . 
Prof. Dryander 
Graf Nowalsky 
Holmes . . . 



, Herr Philipp 

Herr Brakl 

. . Herr Rauk 

Herr Geleng 

Herr Meyer 

Herr Sinnhold 

. Herr Horwitz 

. Herr Morway 



Billy Herr Gerold 

Franpois Herr Hirsch 

Molly Frl. Loewe 

Big Frl. Koenig 

Hunt Frl. Hecht 

Grant Frl. Lina 

Arabella Frl. Kuhn 

Harriet Frl. Seebold 



On Jan. 21 "Oh, Diese Maenner!" was given for the benefit 
of Fraulein Eugenie Schmitz. The Muenchener ensemble reap- 
peared Jan. 22. 

Karl Streitmann reappeared Jan. 26, when " Der Doppelgaenger, " 
a comic opera, had its first performance in America, " Der Huet- 
tenbesitzer" ("The Iron Master") was produced Feb. 3. "Ul- 



230 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D891 

timo" was given Feb. 5. "Hanns in Glueck," by Max Grube 
and Franz Koppel-Ellfeld, Feb. 12. "Der Meineidfauer," Feb. 
17; "Der Verschwender " ("The Spendthrift") Feb. 23; "Der 
Kriegeplan," Feb. 25. The German Press Club had a benefit 
Feb. 27. The performance began with "Die Journalisten," in 
which Herr von der Osten played the principal part. After the 
first act of the play Frau Herbert Forster sang "Gestaudniss," 
Fraulein Jahn gave "Meine Liebist grun wie de Fliederbusch, " 
and Herren Ruchmann, Gudehus, and Behrens sang selections. 
An act of " Einlagen " was also given by Herren Streitmann and 
Philipp and Fraulein Loewe. 

"Das Maedel Mit Geld," for the first time in America, March 
16. "Sodom's Ende" ("the End of Sodom") was produced March 
20, first time in America, with Herren Preschtler, Frau Janikow, 
and Frl. Burg in the principal r61es. 

Adele Epstein made her d^but March 24 as Harriet in "Der 
Arme Jonathan;" "Gespenster" ("The Ghost") March 27; Frau 
Trautmann, Fraulein Burg, Herr Kierschner, Herr Walter, and 
Herr Preschtler were also in the cast. "Silly Wives" (Flotte 
Weiber) was seen March 31. "Die Hauben-lachen " was given 
April 4, for the first time in America. Langenthal, Herr Kruger; 
Herrmann, Herr Ditrichstein ; Schmalenbach, Herr Rauk; Paul 
Ihlefeld, Herr Reischert; Juliane, Frl. Leithner; Schmalenbach, 
Frl. Schmitz; Lene, Frl. Burg. The final performance of the 
Muenchener company was on April 11 in " Der Meineidfauer^ " 
"Die Sonne," April 16, first time in this country. Clemens, 
Herr Meyer; Arnold, Herr Sinnhold; Gregor, Herr Kruger; 
Victor, Herr Ditrichstein; Mathilde, Frl. Leithner; Mariette, 
Frl. Marie Vetti; Sabine, Frl. Burg; Dora, Frau Trautmann. 
"Das Alte Lied" ("The Old Story") was presented April 24, 
for the first time in America: Eduard Rahden, Herr Ditrichstein; 
Wehlan, Herr Sinnhold; Fritz Nicolai, Herr Stengel; Luckhard, 
Herry Meyer; Anna Nowack, Frl. Paula Loewe. " Girofle-Girofla" 
was sung April 30. The season closed May 9 but the house re- 
opened May 16 for a benefit to Amberg, when " Gasparone " was 
produced. 

In June, Mr. Amberg was adjudged bankrupt, and his creditors 
met to discuss his affairs. After considerable negotiation a deci- 
sion was reached on July 14. Papers were signed by Gustav Am- 
berg on one side and Leo Von Raven and Max Mansfield on the 
other, by which Amberg made over to the other gentlemen all his 
rights, title, and interests in the lease of the Amberg Theatre, and 
all the equipment and personal property in payment of the entire 
arrears of rent and taxes up to Aug. i. The new lessees attended 
to the financial arrangements and Mr. Amberg was left as the man- 
ager. The theatre reopened Oct. i, 1891, with "Romeo and 



^ 

1890 THE AMBERG THEATRE 231 

Juliet. " This was the American debut of Josef Kanitz as Romeo. 
"Die Ehre" (" Honor") was given Oct. S ; "Der Huettenbesitzer " 
was seen Oct. 7, when Seraphine Detschy made her American 
d6but. " Galeoto " was played Oct. 9 for the first time in America 
with Kanitz as Ernesto ; " Die Shone Ungarin " was given Oct. 
19; "Der Menonete," Oct. 22; "Kabaleund Liebe "(" Love and 
Intrigue"), Oct. 26, 27, and matinee, Oct. 31; Kanitz as Ferdi- 
nand; and "Falsache Helige," Oct. 29, 31. Emma Moerdes first 
appeared here Nov. 2 in " The Gypsy Baron ; " " The Beggar Stu- 
dent " was sung Nov. 3 ; and " Fledermaus, " Nov. 4. 

Herr Adalbert Matkowsky, of the Court Theatre, Berlin, first 
acted in America Nov. 5 in " Die Raeuber " (" The Robbers "), as 
Karl Moor. "Das Lebeneen Traum " ("Life's Dream "), Nov. 7, 
Matkowsky as Sigismund; "Maria Stuart," Nov. 9, Matkowsky as 
Mortimer; "Anna Lisa," Nov. 11 and matinde, Nov. 14; "Uriel 
Acosta," Nov. 12; "Othello," Nov. 13; "Die Karlsochueler," 
Nov. 14; "Die Schauspieler des Kaisers," Nov. 16-17, ^^^ the 
first time in this city. The afterpiece was " Cavalleria Rusti- 
cana ; " " Anna Lise " and " Cavalleria Rusticana " were given Nov. 
18; "Taming of the Shrew" and "Cavalleria," Nov. 19-20, and 
matinde, Nov. 21; "The Emperor's Players," Nov. 21; "Clarigo," 
Nov. 23; Matkowsky and Kanitz acted in "Julius Caesar," Nov. 
24; and "Der Neue Herr" was seen Nov. 27, for the first time 
in America. "The Emperor's Players" was repeated Dec. 2. 
Herr Kirch, was cast for the part of Maurice Bernard Dec. 2, but 
he did not appear, although his name was on the programme. At 
the last moment Herr Weigel was substituted for him. This was 
the culmination of a dramatic breeze which had been blowing 
around the Amberg Theatre stage ever since Fraulein Moerdes, 
whose name in private life is Frau Kirch, failed to meet the man- 
agerial expectations of her work in " The Gypsy Baron. " She had 
an opportunity, however, to redeem herself as Lola in " Cavalleria 
Rusticana," but she did even worse then than before. "Hamlet" 
was given Dec. 4, and "Pension Schoeller," Dec. 5. Herr Mat- 
kowsky took his farewell Dec. 7, when " Katchen Von Heilbronn " 
was acted. " Am Tage des Gerichts " was seen Dec. 14, when 
Fraulein Brentano first acted here. " Die Carbonari " was done 
Dec. 16-17; "Von Stufe Zu Stufe," Dec. 18. The theatre was 
closed Dec. 24. "The Seven Ravens" was given Dec. 25, when 
the Excelsior ballet and pantomime company, also Maxoli and the 
Olivier' s Gypsy dancers appeared. Matindes were given Dec. 26, 
28, 29, 30, 31, and Jan. i, 1892. Mile. Amelia Bossignang was 
premihe danseuse. Joseph Kanitz reappeared Dec. 26 in "The 
Juedin Von Toledo." Von Raven and Mansfield now bought the 
lease of the property. Kanitz closed Dec. 31 with "Sodom's 
Ende. " Mr. Amberg was able to cast the play with three of the 



232 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSga 

artists who " originated " their parts when the play was first given 
in Berlin — Herr Kanitz as Willy Janilsow, Herr Ranzenberg as 
Kramer, and Frl. Detschy as Adah. 

Frl. Marie Barkany appeared here Jan. 4, 1892, for the first 
time in America, acting Fedora in the play of that name. " Die 
Waise Von Lowood" ("Jane Eyre") was given Jan. 6; "Fedora," 
Jan. 7; "Taming of the Shrew," Jan, 8; "Francilla," Jan. 9; 
"Der Vereins Praesident," first time, Jan. 11; "Adrienne Le- 
couveur," Jan. 13, Frl. Barkany in title r61e, one of her strongest 
parts. "Faust" was given Jan. 14; "Dora," Jan. 16; "Mary 
Stuart," Jan. 18; "Die Schulreiterin " (" The Circus Rider"), and 
"Taming of the Shrew," Jan. 19; "Die Jung Frau Von Orleans," 
was seen Jan. 20; "Fifi," Jan. 29. This was a German version 
of MM. Meilhac and Halevy's "La Boule." The play had been 
seen in English in this city under the title of " Husbands and 
Wives." "Phillipine Welser," was produced Feb. 4; "Deborah," 
Feb. 10; "Die Bluthochzeit, " Feb. 12, for A. Eggeling's benefit. 
Marie Barkany closed her engagement Feb. 13, in "Alexandria." 

Anna Haverland made her d^but Feb. 16 as Brunhilde. " Hedda 
Gabler" was first acted here Feb. 17. Paula Loewe had a benefit 
Feb. 19 in "Poor Jonathan," when Marie Forrest made her d^but 
as Harriet. Herr Emil Thomas appeared March 2 in " Mein Leo- 
pold." " Der Kunst-Bacillus " was given March 3 for the first time 
in America. "Der Milliened-Bauer " ("Millionaire Peasant") 
was played March 10. It was written for Emil Thomas. A bene- 
fit for the widow of Richard Koenig was given March 14. The 
programme was: The Standard Quartet. "The Salt Cellar," 
"Little Tuesday," Jennie Yeamans, Emil Thomas, Lydia Yea- 
mans, Judith Berolde, a scene from "Blue Jeans," Loie Fuller, the 
second act of " Die Fledermaus," and a new one-act play by Eleanor 
Merron, "The Last Rehearsal," then acted for the first time on 
any stage, with Miss Merron (Mrs. Archie Cowper) in the cast; 
"Unruhige Leiten oder Litze Memoiren," a farce by Emil Poht, 
was first acted in America March 17; "Der Compagnon" was seen 
March 24; "Die Himmelsleiter," April 6; "Der Volksfeind," 
April 8; "Georgette," April 15. Week of April 18 the house 
was closed. Frl. Brentone first acted in this city April 2$ in 
" Der Bethel Student ; " " Sein Bester Freund" (" His Best Friend ") 
was done May 7; "Der Ratzenf anger, " an operetta by A. Neuen- 
dorf? was sung May 10. The season closed May 14, with a benefit 
to Gustav Amberg. Among the attractions were a one-act comedy, 
"Ein delikater Auftrag," in which Herr Ditrichstein appeared, 
and Loie Fuller, in dances; Frl. Georgine v. Janauschousky's 
singing in "Der Freischiitz" was the feature of the evening. 
"Der Arme Jonathan," in which Herr Phillip, Herr Lube, Herr 
Sinnhold, and Frl. Paula Loewe were seen, closed the programme. 



i8g2|] 



THE AMBERG THEATRE 



233 



For Neuendorff's benefit, May 16, his opera "Der Ratzenfanger 
von Hamoln " was presented. Neuendorf! himself led the orches- 
tra. The first performance on any stage of a three-act operetta, 
"Der Minstrel," the music by Herr Neuendorf! and the libretto by 
Heinrich Urban, also took place with this cast : 



Meredith, Graf von Aberdeen 

Herr Ceroid 
Lady Cathaleen .... Frl. Boner 
Nancy . Georgine von Janauschousky 

Betsy Frl. Schmitz 

Duncan Herr Phillip 

Sir Tom TuUamore . Herr Sinnhold 



Hiram McFarland . . . Herr Lube 

Mawdlin Frl. Reichardt 

Barnaby Herr Runk 

Robin Peabody . . . Herr Walter 

Mey Frl. Schlag 

Owen O'Neale .... Herr Gelleng 



Paula Loewe was seen in the title r61e of "Nanon," May 27. 
Loie Fuller did her serpentine dance. " The Black Hussar " was 
sung June 3 for the benefit of Ludwig, who in consequence of ill 
health had retired from the stage. Mathilde Cottrelly appeared 
June 13 in "Di Nabterin " ("The Seamstress"). 

The next season opened Saturday night, Oct. i with "Die 
Cameliendame " (" Camille "). A benefit was given Oct. 3 for the 
Hamburg sufferers from the cholera. " Hamlet " was presented 
Oct. 4 with this cast: Claudius, Herr Sinnhold; Hamlet, Herr 
Morisson; Polonius, Herr Walter; Horatio, Herr Weigel; Laertes, 
Herr Hillman; Ghost, Herr Meyer; Queen, Frl. Burmeister; 
Ophelia, Frl. Leithner. "Die Memoiren des Teufels," Oct. 6. 
Emil Thomas with his company from Berlin commenced Oct. 10 
in"Unsere Don Juans," cast thus: Hugo Schwalbe, Emil Thomas; 
Clarchen, Olga Walburg; Lena, Margarethe Gallus; Krewitz, 
Fritz Behrend. " Leute von Heute " (" People of the Day ") was seen 
Oct. 21, for the first time in America. " Ein Verdachtiger Schwie- 
gershon" ("A Suspected Son-in-law") was played Oct. 27, first 
time in America. It is well known in English as " The Family 
Circle." " Schmitterlinge " ("Butterflies") was first acted in 
America Nov. 3 with this cast: 



Kuntze Siefried Basch 

Martha .... Hermine Heinrich 

Foppel Max Walden 

MuUer Adolf Alfredo 

Jacob Karl Koenig 

Muthing .... Franz von Metsch 
Ella Heta Lange 



Hector Kanaper . . . Emil Thomas 

Emmeline Sofie Urban 

Flora Margarethe Gallus 

Petrowitsch Lasarowitsch, Emil Berla 

Salina Willy Walden 

Naschka Olga Walburg 

Hans Heller . . . Richard Georg 
Leo Lerche Fritz Behrend 

"Goldfische" ("The Railroad of Love") was played Nov. 10; 
"Lachelnde Gesichter " ("Smiling Faces") was given Nov. 14- 
15, also "We Take in Foreigners Too," and "Viennese in 
Berlin." "Die Kinder der Excellenz" was seen Nov. 16, for the 
first time in America. "Mam'zelle Nitouche" was presented 



•34 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1893 



Nov. 18, and "Heisses Blut," Dec. 2, also for the first time in 
America. 

"Die Reise Durch Marchenland" ("A Trip Through Fairy- 
land ") was given Dec. 14 with Doctor Gotthard Hansen as Otto 
Meyer. Lucier Veidler, first soprano, from the Theatre an der 
Wien, Vienna; Charlotte Tischler, first soprano from the Royal 
Opera House, Vienna; Julia Wallner, first soprano, from Berlin 
Opera House; Mathilde Severin, Helen Land, and Mina Agte, 
sopranos; Wilhelm Bauer, first tenor, from the Theatre an der 
Wien ; Carl Schulz, comedian and first tenor, from the Friedrich 
Wilhelm Stadt Theatre, Berlin; Joseph Greven, first tenor, Carl 
Bartl, first baritone, from Berlin; Leopold Deutsch, first come- 
dian, from the Wallner Theatre, Berlin, and Ernst Peterson, with 
a chorus of twenty-four women and twenty-four men, made their 
debut Dec. 26 in the comic opera "Der Vogelhaendler. " The 
fiftieth performance occurred Feb. 13, 1893. "Das Sonntags- 
kind " followed, March 2. This opera was heard at the Casino 
as "Under the Child of Fortune." The German Press Club 
benefit took place March 20 when Manager Conried appeared as 
"Gringoire." "Die Fledermaus " was sung March 21-22, and 
" Gasparone " March 23, 24, 25. Ludovica Wallner made her 
American d6but in " Fledermaus ; " " Der Vogelhaendler " was 
given March 27; "Madame Angot," April 7; "Poor Jonathan," 
April 10; " Die Sorglosen," April 13 ; Carl Grube made his Ameri- 
can d^but April 15 in "Die Sternschuppe " ("The Shooting Star"). 
" The Man in the Moon " was presented April 26. The season closed 
April 29. On May i the management changed hands and the name 
of the theatre was changed to The Irving Place Theatre. 



IRVING PLACE THEATRE 

THE Columbia College dramatic club opened, their spring per- 
formances May 8 at the house now known as the Irving 
Place Theatre, with "Ivanhoe," by Benj. Aymar and John Regi- 
nald Blake, Columbia Law School, '92. The burlesque had this 
cast: 



Sir Brian . . Albert La Montague 
Cedric . . George Newell Hamlin 

Ivanhoe William F. Wall 

Isaac of York Giles Augustus Taintor 

Wamba Joseph G. Lamb 

Oswald . . . John Reginald Blake 
King Richard 

Richard Stockton Emmet, Jr. 



Prince John . Arthur Middleton Balke 
De Bracy .... John B. Brazier 

Athelstane Torre Bueno 

Rowena .... Edward Rush Duer 
Rebecca . . Melvin Henry Dalberg 
Premifere Danseuse, Louis Fitzgerald, Jr. 
Second Danseuse 

Bertram de Lancey Drake 



The regular season opened Oct. 2 with Heinrich Conried as 
manager. The programme contained an open letter in which Mr. 



1894: IRVING PLACE THEATRE 235 

Conried philosophized over past failures in the attempt to success- 
fully maintain in this, "the third German city of the world," a 
permanent German theatre. " Grosstadtluft " (" The Air of the 
Metropolis"), adapted by Augustin Daly and called "A Test 
Case," was the initial performance. "Heimath" was produced 
Oct. 9; "Die Strohwittwe" ("Grass Widow") was given, fol- 
lowed by the farce "Der Sechste Sinn;" "Lolo's Father" came 
Oct. 26; "Der Lebemann," Nov. 2; "Gefallen Engel," Nov. 9; 
"Unser Frauen," Nov. 16, for the first time in America; "Gefal- 
len Engel " (" Fallen Angels "), Nov. 20. " Der Vogelhaendler " 
was sung Dec. 4 by the Ferenczy opera company. The cast was 
the same as before except that Ernst Monti appeared as Stanislaus ; 
"Matteo Falcone," a one-act comic opera was done Dec. 18; and 
was followed by " I Pagliacci. " " Gasparone " was given for the 
balance of the week. " Lachelnde Erben " (" Laughing Heirs ") 
was played Dec. 25 for the first time in America. 

The Ferenczy company commenced the last week of their stay 
on Jan. i, 1894, with "Lachelnde Erben." " Das Letzte Wort " 
("The Last Word") was presented Jan. 8 for the first time in 
America in German. "Schuldig" ("Guilty") was seen Jan. 15 
for the first time in America. " Weilchen Presser " was given 
matinee and night of Jan. 26. " Gefallen Engel " was seen Jan. 
22, and matinee Jan. 27; "Wohlthatige Frauen" ("Charitable 
Women ") Jan. 3, and matinee, Feb. 3, for the first time in four- 
teen years. " Der Schwabenstreiche " (7-20-8) and Feb. 3. " Der 
Talisman," by Ludwig Fulda, was given Feb. 7; "Zwei Glueck- 
liche Tage" ("Two Happy Days");Feb. 22. "The Perjurer," 
for the matinee, Feb. 22. Heinrich Conried appeared March 8 in 
"Der Prozesshansel. " " The Crucifix-Carver of Ober-Ammergau " 
was seen March 15, 20, 21, with Herr Strausmann in the title 
r61e. " The Talisman " was repeated March 23 ; " Cyprienne " 
("Divorcons"), March 25; "Sauvian Pranks," March 26; "Two 
Happy Days," March 27-30 and April 2; "Tender Relations," 
March 28, and matinee, March 31; "Fallen Angels," March 29, 
and "Dr. Klaus," March 31; Grete Gallus first appeared here 
April 3 in "A Night Off;" Conried's last appearance was April 
4 in "Dr. Klaus." "Die ArmeLowin" (" Les Lionnes Pauvres") 
was given April $, for the first time in America. An American 
version of this comedy called " Our Country Cousins " was seen at 
the Lyceum Theatre ; " Die Arme Lowin " was repeated April 9, 
10, 11; "Das Heirathsnest " was seen April 12, 13, 14, for the 
first time in America. " Ein Schritt Vom Wege " (" A Step from 
the Road "), April 26. The season closed April 30 with " Das 
Stiftungfest." 

The next season opened Saturday night, Sept. 29, with "Die 
Karlschueler," Oct. i. "Der Andere"("The Other Man") was 



236 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1895 

played for the American d6but of Max Bira as Dr. Hallers. 
" Mauerbluemchen " (" A Wall Flower ") was seen Oct. 4 for the 
American debut of Max Hanseler as Justus Woermann. " Heimath " 
was given Oct. 11, when Lucie Freisinger made her American d^but 
as Magda. "Wohlthaet er der Menscheit " ("Mankind's Bene- 
factor ") was produced Oct. 18, for the first time in America. Its 
author was Felix Phillippi. The fourth centennial Hans Sachs 
celebration was arranged by Manager Conried for Nov. $. Anton 
Seidl led the orchestra, strengthened for the occasion. Emil 
Fisher, William Stephens, Paul Siegel, Ida Klein, and Marie 
Maurer sang solos. The overture of "Die Meistersinger von 
Nurnberg," opened the festival. "Von der Lisabetha, Eines 
Kaufherrn Tochter," was presented. The solos from " Die Meister- 
singer" were rendered by Messrs. Fisher, Stephens, and Siegel 
and the Misses Ida Klein and Marie Maurer. "Der Fahrende 
Schueler " was produced in the original, and with the same early 
methods: Rudolf Senius playing the title r61e; Max Hanseler, the 
farmer; and Adolph Link, the farmer's wife. 

" Der Compagnon " was given Nov. 8 with Adolph Link as 
August Voss. Nov. 9 was Schiller's birthday, and it was cele- 
brated by a performance of his " Marie Stuart. " " Der Herr Sen- 
ator," by Schoenthan and Kadelburg, was seen Nov. 19, and ran 
all the week, except Nov. 20, when Minna von Barnhelm appeared 
in "Die Karl Schuler," matinee, Dec. i. "Der Veilchen Presser" 
was given at the matinde, Nov. 29 and " Der Unglaubige Thomas " 
(" Doubting Thomas ") was played Nov. 29. " Das Zweite Ge- 
sicht" ("The Second Farce"), the original of "Miss Million," 
was seen Dec. 6 for the first time in America. "Jugend," by 
Max Halbe, Dec. 13, also for the first time in America; "Die 
Kleine Frau " (" Little Wife "), by F. Phillippi, was played Dec. 
27, for the first time on any stage. It had this cast : Robert Larum, 
Max Bira; Charlotte, Charlotte Durand; Lothar von Roggenbach, 
Herman Schmelzer; Martin Schluter, Adolf Link. "Heimath" 
was repeated Dec. 28 at popular prices; "Blau," Dec. 31, also 
" Der Hofmeister in One Thousand Aengsten " (" The Headmaster 
in a Thousand Difficulties "), and " Eine Verkommene Frau " (" An 
Ideal Wife"). "Mit Vergnuegen," by Gustav von Moser, was 
seen Jan. 7, 1895; "Die Kleine Frau," Jan. .8; "Jugend," Jan. 
9; "Die Orientreise," ("Trip to the East"), by Blumenthal and 
Kadelburg, was played Jan. 10, first time in America; as "The 
Orient Express " this comedy was produced by Augustin Daly at 
his theatre here. " Wilhelm Tell " was given Jan. 1 1 and matinee 
Jan. 12 at popular prices; " Vasantasena, " from Emil Pohl's "King 
Sudraka " was presented Jan. 24 for the first time in America. 
"Papageno," by Rudolf Kneisel came Feb. 7; "Goldfische" 
("Railroad of Love"), Feb. 21; "Ein Palast Revolution" ("A 



1896] IRVING PLACE THEATRE 237 

Home Rebellion") was given Feb. 28, for the first time in 
America. 

"Ohne Geleut" ("Without Bellringing "), March 7, 1895; 
"Niobe," a German version of that play, March 21 ; Hilma Schue- 
ten made her d^but March 29 in " Die Waise Von Lowood " ("Jane 
Eyre"). "Sedan Friedrichsrul, " by John Weiman, was seen April 
I for the first time on any stage : Wilhelm I., Emil Otto; Napo- 
leon III., Mathieu Pfeil. "Liebe Vonhuete " ("The Love of a 
Day "), by Robert Misch, was acted April 1 1, and " Die Librente," 
by Gustav von Moser, April 22 ; the season closed April 30 with 
" Die Journalisten. " During the evening news came that the author 
of this play had died in Wiesbaden. The Metropolitan amateur 
club, together with the Metropolitan amateur orchestra, gave a 
performance of the opera of " Patience " here May 14. 

The next season began Oct. i with "Graf Essex," when Bruno 
Geidner first acted in America; "Der Herr Senator" came Oct. 
2, and " Der Schmetterling-krieg " (" Battle of the Butterflies "), 
Oct. 6. This was the American debut of Gusti Forst ; " Ferreol " 
was seen Oct. 10. An adaptation of this play was seen at the 
Lyceum Theatre in this city as "The Marquis;" "Graf Essex" 
was repeated Oct. 11; "Ferreol" Oct. 12, with the American 
d^but of Marie Reichardt ; " Barfuessige Fraulein " was seen Oct. 
17; and "Der Hexenkessel" ("Wizard's Ravine"), Oct. 24, for 
the first time on any stage. Franziska Huss then made her first 
appearance on any stage. " Zwei Waff enschilder " (" Two Coats of 
Arms") was presented Nov. 7, for the first time in America; "Die 
Rauber " came Nov. 9, with the reappearance of Heinrich Conried 
as Franz Moor; "Zwei Waffen" was given Dec. 2 for the twenty- 
fifth time, and "Die Sternschnuppe " ("The Shooting Star"), by 
G. von Moser and O. Girndt, with Max Bird as Dr. West, Frl. 
Von Romanowsk as his wife, and Hubert Reusch as Hugo. " Ge- 
fallen Engel" was seen Dec. 7; "Drei Engel im House" ("A 
Home with Three Angels "), Dec. 12, for the first time in America. 

"Zum Wohlthaetigen Zweck" ("For Charity's Sake") was pre- 
sented Dec. 19, for the first time in America. Amateurs acted 
" Heinrich Heine " Dec. 20, for the benefit of the Heine Monument 
Fund; "Die Fledermaus" was sung Dec. 25, 26, and 28. Adolf 
Link, who was the original Franke in Vienna, was in the cast here; 
"Fernan's Ehecontract" ("Fernand's Marriage Contract") was 
given Dec. 31; "Der Dornenweg " ("Thorny Path"), by Felix 
Phillippi, was seen Jan. 9, 1896, for the first time in America. 
"Glueck Bei Frauen " ("Luck in Love") was played Jan. 16; 
"William Tell" was done Jan. 17 at popular prices, with Mathieu 
Pfeif in the title r61e; " Sie Wird Gekuesst " (" She Gets a Kiss ") 
was seen Jan. 23; "Die Ueberzaehligon " ("Superfluous Ones"), 
Jan. 30. "Nachruhm," Feb. 6, for the first time in America; 



238 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D897 

"Comtesse Gucki," Feb. 27, with Adolf Link as Alois. This 
was its first performance in America in German. "Der Grosse 
Komet" ("The Great Comet"), came March 19; "Das Hunger- 
loos" ("Starvation") was given March 26, for the first time in 
America; "Romeo and Juliet" was played March 27; "Lottery 
Ticket," March 28. " Die Weber " (" Weavers ") was acted April 
i; "Der Militaerstaat," April 2; "Der Herr Senator," April 9, 
when Geo. Engels made his American debut in the title r61e. 
" Die Kinder der Excellenz " came April 13 ; " Krieg Im Friesden," 
April 14; and "College Crampton," April 20, for the first time in 
America. Geo. Engels gave his last performance here May 2, in 
" Dr. Klaus. " The season closed May 9. 

The next regular season began Oct. i, 1896, with "Die Offizielle 
Frau," an adaptation of " My Official Wife." Adele Hartwig made 
her American ddbut on this occasion. " Goldregen " (" Gold Rain ") 
was seen Oct. 15;" Seine Gewesene " (" His Late Wife") was played 
Oct. 22, for the first time in America. " Maria Stuart " was seen 
Oct. 23; "Die Erste," Oct. 29; and "Papa Nitsche," Nov. $, for 
the first time in America; "Die Beruehmte Frau" ("Famous 
Woman "), Nov. 19. This play had been done in English as 
"The Great Unknown." "Gebildete Menschen" ("Educated 
People") was done Nov. 25, for the first time in America; "Der 
Weg Zum Herzen" ("The Way to the Heart"), by Adolph L. 
Aronge, was seen Dec. 17; "Love and Intrigue" came Dec. 18; 
"Der Rabenvater" ("His Absent Boy"), Dec. 31; "Das Einmal- 
eins," by Oscar Blumenthal, was presented Jan. 14, 1897, for the 
first time in America, with Adolf Link, Hubert Reusch, and 
Jenny Loibel in the cast. Heinrich Conried appeared Jan. 15 in 
" Die Raueber. " " Wer War s " (" Who was it ? "), by Felix Phil- 
lippi, was produced Jan. 21 ; " Das Eigene Blut " (" His Own Flesh 
and Blood "), by F. von Zobelitz, was done Jan. 28; " Das Lampen- 
gesindel" ("Bohemians"), by Ernst von Wolzogen, Feb. 4, and 
" Tata-Totoa, " adapted from the French by Victor Leon, with 
music' by Banes. "Die Wilde Jagd" ("The Wild Chase"), by 
Brentano and Tellheim, had its first American production March 
6; "Graefin Fritz," by Blumenthal, came March 13, for the first 
time in this country; "Neues Leben" was seen March 16, for the 
first time on any stage; " Brockspruenge " ("Funny Capers") 
came March 25 for the first time in America. 

Frau Agnes Sorma made her American debut at this theatre 
April 12, in "Nora" ("Doll's House"); "Liebelei" ("Flirta- 
tion") followed; "Dora" ("Diplomacy") was played April 19; 
"Chic" was seen April 22 for the first time in America; "Die 
Versunckene Glocke" (" The Sunken Bell "), by Gerhart Haupt- 
raann, was presented April 29, with Rauteuderlein, Agnes Sorma; 
Heinrich, Herman Schmelzer, and Magda, Auguste Burmeister. 



isgs: IRVING PLACE THEATRE 239 

Frau Sorma took her farewell May 4, as Lorle in "Dorf und 
Stadt." 

The next season began Sept. 30, 1897, with "Die Goldene Eva" 
(" The Golden Eva "), in rhymed verse, by Franz von Schoenthan 
and F. Koppel-Ellfeld. Camilla Marbach as Eva, and Herr 
Hanno as Von Schwetzingen made their New York ddbut. " Kabale 
und Liebe" ("Love and Intrigue") was played Oct. 8; Oct. 11 
" Jourfix " (" A Day at Home "), an old German play, was produced. 
In the second act of this play Manager Conried introduced the 
members of his comic opera company, consisting of Milla Barry, 
Olga D'Estree, Martha Glueck, Riesa Stella, Jean Felix, Edmund 
Hanno, and Alfred Liehan, all of whom were heard here for the 
first time. "Jane Eyre" was seen Oct. 13, Ednard Posanski mak- 
ing his American debut as Lord Rochester; Oct. 14, and balance 
of the week " Mme. Sans Gene " was given, with Anna Braga in 
the title r61e, and Emil Marx, as Napoleon ; " Die Mutter " (" The 
Mothers") was presented Oct. 26 for the first time in America. 
Heinrich Conried appeared Oct. 30 as Murzelsepp in " Der Pfarrer ; " 
Nov. 4, " Die Lachtaube " (" The Cooing Dove "), an operetta by 
Eugen von Taund, libretto by Alexander landesberg and Leo Stein, 
was sung for the first time. In this Julie Kopacsy, Adolf Perius, 
and Riesa Stella made their first appearance in America. Nov. 
10 "Die Lachtaube" was given with Kopacsy as Helena and Perius 
as Marjau; " Waldmeister," by Gustave Davis, music by Johann 
Strauss, was sung Nov. 29. 

On Dec. 20 "Die Einzige" ("The Only One"), by M. Petzold, 
was presented; "Hans Huckebein," by O. Blumenthal and G. von 
Kadeburg, which is the original of " Number Nine, or the^, Lady of 
Ostend," was played Jan. 6, 10, 12, and 14, 1898; "Die Fleder- 
maus" was sung Jan. ii, 13, and 15, with Julie Kopacsy as Adele; 
"The Passing Regiment" was seen matinee, Jan. 15; "Die Giger- 
-lin von Wien " (" The Vienna Dudes ") was done Jan. 20; " Ascher- 
mittwoche " (" Ash Wednesday ") was played first time in this city 
Feb. 8; "Die Bruder" ("The Brothers"), by Paul Lindau; "Die 
Logenbruder " (" Lodge Members "), by Lauss and Kraatz, were 
given Feb. 17 for the first time in America. Conried's benefit and 
twenty-fifth anniversary of his stage debut took place Feb. 23, 
when he acted De Banville in " Gringoire ; " also appearing in 
the second act of " The Bat " and " The Strike of the Smiths ; " 
"Die Rothe Brieftasche " ("The Red Wallet"), by Franz Csep- 
reghgi, German adaptation by Alex. Rosen, was produced March 
9. Agnes Sorma reappeared March 14 in "The Doll's House," and 
March 17, for the first time in America, in " Madchentraum " ("A 
Maiden's Dream"), by Max Bernstein; "Untreu," by Roberto 
Bracco, German version by Otto Eisenschultz, was given March 
21. Sorma acted Rauteuderlein March 24 in "Die Versunckene 



240 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1899 



Glocke " (" The Sunken Bell ") ; " Divorcons " was acted March 28, 
with Sorma as Katherine; March 31, "Taming of the Shrew;" 
"Die Kleinen Laemmer " ("The Little Lambs"), for the first 
time in America, April 2. "Die Wettshwimmer " was offered 
April 20 for the first time in America ; " The Sunken Bell " was 
repeated April 26; "Konigs Kinder" ("King's Children ") was 
seen April 29 for the first time in America. Agnes Sorma took 
her farewell May 9 as Jane Eyre in Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer's 
dramatization of Charlotte Bronte's novel. 

The next season began Sept. 15, 1898, with "The Golden Horse- 
shoe," by Robert Breitenbach, and thus cast: 

Harry Tall Max Walter 

Will B. Gay . . . Selma Goemer 

Rosa Toni Meister 

Sharpe Herrmann Ring 

Eva .... Mrs. Elise Ebert Lau 



McKee Kraft Walton 

Rob Adolf Zink 

Bob Franz Ebert 

Eulailie Bertha Jaeger 

Tootsie Helene Linder 



" Circusleute " ("Circus People"), by Franz'^von Schoenthan, 
was played Nov. 14; "Im Weissen Roess'l," by Blumenthal and 
Kadelburg, was also produced, and Dec. 26 " Bruder Martin, " by 
Carl Costa, was given. Dec. 26 the Tegernseer peasant players, 
a company from the Swiss mountains, made their first appearance 
in this country. They presented "Der Herr Gottschnitzer von 
Ammergau " (" The Crucifix Carver of Ammergau "), by S. Gang- 
hofer and Hans Neuert. Jan. 5, 1899, "Das Erbe" ("The Inheri- 
tance) " was seen, when Eugene Schady made his American debut. 
On Jan. 9 " Jaegerblut, " by Benno Rauchenegger, was presented. 
The Bavarian peasant actors were seen Jan. 20 in "Almenrauch 
und Edelweiss," by Hans Neuert. " Im Schwarzen Roess'l " ("At 
the Black Horse Tavern Inn "), a dramatization of Fred. Hilpert's 
novel, and "Berghexen," by Gustav Amberg, were produced Jan. 
24 by the company of peasant actors. On Feb. 2 "Busch und 
Reichenbach," by Heinrich See and Wilhelm Meyer Forster, was 
given for the first time in America; "Der G'sunde Kern," by Jos. 
Kellerer, was acted Feb. 3. " Jugenf reunde " (" Comrades"), by 
Ludwig Fulda, was presented Feb. 9; "D'Z'widerwurzen," a 
peasant play, with singing and dancing, was given by the Tegern- 
seer peasants, Feb. 17. "Auf Der Sonnenseite " ("The Sunny- 
side"), by Blumenthal and Kadelburg, was seen Feb. 21 ; " Freiwild" 
(" Free Game "), by Arthur Schnitzler, was done Feb. 16, for the 
first time in America. "Cyrano de Bergerac," the German ver- 
sion of Rostand's play, by Ludwig Fulda, was presented March 
13, with Eugen Schady as Cyrano. 

Adolph von Sonnenthal reappeared in America April 6 in Les- 
sing's "Nathan der Weise," at increased prices; Larder's "Alte 
Junggesellen " was acted April 8; " Wallenstein's Death," April 
11; "The Daughter of Fabricius," and "Fuhrmann Henschel," 



iSgg] 



IRVING PLACE THEATRE 



241 



by Gerhard Hauptmann, April 25. Marie Geistinger returned to 
this country April 3 and was seen as Rose in Ferdinand Ray- 
mond's " Verschwender j " " Die Kindsfrau, " a musical farce adapted 
from the French, was played April 25 with Geistinger as Kathe. 
The stock company appeared May 11 in "Der Veilchenfresser " 
("The Flatterer"). Sonnenthal appeared in "The Iron Master" 
April 29. His last appearance here was May i in the same r61e, 
when the Hungarian societies of New York bestowed a silver 
laurel wreath upon him, and Heinrich Conried presented him with 
a silver toilet set. 

The next regular season began Sept. 30, 1899, with Schiller's 
"Maria Stuart," cast as follows: 



Elizabeth .... Slava Roberts 
Maria Stuart . . . Martha Schiffel 

Dudley Paul Faber 

Talbot Carl Bender 

Cecil A. Meyer-Eigen 

Kent F. Hitzigrath 

Davidson Julius Strobi 



Amias Paulet . . . Max Hanseler 
Mortimer . Rudolph Klein-Rhoden 
Aubespine .... Jacques Horwitz 
Drugeon Drury . . . Carl Frischer 

Melvil George Le Bret 

Hanna . . . Wilhelmine Schluter 
Margarethe . . . Ruscha Michaelis 



Oct. 3, "Renaissance," by Schoenthan and Koppel-Ellfeld was 
played. On this occasion Anna Leonard! and Emma Schroth made 
their American ddbut. On Oct. 16 " Maedel als Rekrut " (" The 
Girl Recruit "), by Kurt Kraatz and Heinrich Stobitzer, was pro- 
duced. On Nov. 8 " Das Opferlamman " (" The Scapegoat ") was 
acted and was also played at the Germania Theatre in this city on 
the same night. It had already been done at the Bijou Theatre 
in this city as "The Purple Lady;" on Nov. 21, "Die Herren 
Sohne," by Oskar Walther and Leo Stein, was produced with this 
cast: 



Lotte Meta Buenger 

Else Frida Brandt 

Roschen Himmer . . . EUy CoUmer 

Jettchen Marie Corti 

Jerome Jacques Lurian 

Ein Schlachtergeselle . . Carl Frischer 



Friedrich Rommel . . Max Hanseler 
Johanna . . . Wilhelmine Schluter 

Wilhelm Gustav Olmar 

Gusti Anna Leonardi 

Gimpem C. Bender 

Rudolf Rudolph Senius 

Range A. Meyer-Eigen 

Nov. 30 "Hofgunst" ("Court Favor"), by Thilo von Trotha, 
which had a run of more than three hundred nights in Berlin, 
was presented here. Dec. 1 1, " Das Recht Auf Sich Selbst " 
("The Right of the Individual"), by Friedrich von Wrede, was 
given with this cast : 



Dr. Philipp Paul Faber 

Karl Kleiner Wilke 

Anina Martha Schiffel 

Hans Lutz . . . Franz Kierschner 
Fritz Hart . Rudolph Klein-Rhoden 
Professor Brause . . Fritz Hitzigrath 
VOL. 11. — 16 



Professorin Brause 

Wilhelmine Schluter 
Ein Hauptmann . . George Le Bret 
Der Pastor . . . Semmy Herzmann 
Ein altes Fraulein . . Lina Hanseler 



242 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1900 



"Haubenlerche," Dec. 14; "Ein Blitzmaedel" ("A Telegraph 
Girl "), by Costa and Millocker, was also given, when Herr Felix 
Schweighofer, the German character comedian, made his Ameri- 
can d^but, as Leo Bruller. This bill was repeated Jan. i, 2, 3, 
1900. " Pension Schoeller " (" Schoeller's Boarding House "), by 
Carl Laufus, was also acted, with Schweighofer as Philipp Klapp- 
roth. He appeared Jan. 4, 5, and 6, as Stocker in " Die Gypsfigur " 
("The Statuette"). On Jan. 11 Schweighofer varied his enter- 
tainment by appearing as a monologuist in a series of descriptive 
stories illustrating every-day life in Vienna. He was alone on the 
stage for forty-five minutes. He gave three sketches, in which he 
impersonated various widely different characters with remarkable 
skill. The remainder of the performance consisted of a one-act 
comedy " Unter Vier Augen, " in which Anna Braga was the prin- 
cipal figure, and " Ein Vereinsschwester " ("A Female Lodge Mem- 
ber"), a musical comedy in which Herr Schweighofer again displayed 
his skill. Jan. 15 "Mathias Gollinger" was played with Schweig- 
hofer in the title r61e; Jan. 18, "Gebildete Menchen" ("Educated 
People "), Schweighofer as Adolf. He appeared Jan. 23 in a one- 
act comedy "Scheu vor dem Minister" ("Timidity Before the 
Minister"), a short farce called "Othello's Erfolg" ("Othello's 
Success"), and the second act of "Blitzmaedel," for his farewell. 
On Jan. 22 "Eine Karnevals-Posse, " arranged by Gustav von 
Seyffertitz, was produced with this cast: 



Carl Rogler . Gustav von Seyffertitz 

Ludmila Meta Buenger 

Melan Frida Brandt 

Fritzi Yona Grahn 

August Linde . Eugen Hohenwarth 
Arthur Bogen . Vladimir Schamberg 

Resi Gussie Frankel 

Marie Eugenie Lehmann 

Frau Bernauer . . . Anna Sander 
Frau Artner Johanna Claussen-Koch 

Clara Adele Sauer 

Mucki Ida Frey 



JuUer, Concipient . . Adolf Teleky 

Hubler Emil Sievert 

Ein Sicherheitswach-Inspektor 

Heinrich Habrich 

Janker Jacques Lurian 

Simon Dalles . . . Herr Kronau 
Jakob Reis .... Julius Ascher 

Sali Adele Liansky 

Prokop Janitschek . . . Willy Frey 
Dovidl .... Ferdinand Ries 
Moritz Jacques Horwitz 



Jan. 31, "Am Spieltisch des Leben" ("Game of Life") was given 
for the first time in America. Feb. 6 "Als Ich Wiederkam" 
(" When I Came Again "), by Von Blumenthal and Kadelburg, and 
sequel to "Im Weissen Ress'l" was produced. The other part of 
the programme was " Der Tugendhof " (" The Court of Virtue "). 

Oct. 2 Goethe's "Egmont" was produced, with the American 
d^but of Karl Emmerich and Adolph Zimmerman ; Oct. 8 was the 
d6but of Marie Eisenhart as Lominie in "Wildfeuer," by Frederic 
Halm; Oct. 11 was the first time of "Der Probepfeil " ("The Trial 
Shot"), by Blumenthal; "Der Probekandidat " ("The Trial Can- 
didate "), by Max Dreyer, was seen Oct. 25. Nov. 5 " Von Stufe 



igoO IRVING PLACE THEATRE 243 

Zu Stufe " (" From Step to Step "), by Hugo Mueller, was given. 
"Das Vermaechtriss " ("The Legacy"), Nov. 10; "Die Gold- 
grube " (" The Gold Mine "), by Karl Lauf and Wilhelm Jacoby, 
was given for the first time in America Nov. 14; "Die Gypsfigur " 
was played Jan. 4, 1901 ; "Am Spieltisch des Leben" ("The 
Game of Life "), by Klaus Arsen, repeated its original success at 
this house Jan. 31 ; and " Als Ich Wiederkam " Feb 7. " Ultimo " 
was also presented Feb. 7, "Der Letzte Brief" ("The Last 
Letter "), by Victorien Sardou, was produced Feb. 14. This play 
is well known in America as "The Scrap of Paper;" Feb. 18, 
"Der Goldbauer." by Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer, was played. Miss 
Hedwig Lange took a benefit Feb. 20 in "Fedora;" Feb. 26 "Die 
Falscher," by Barriere and Capender, translated into German by 
Heinrich Laube, was seen; Feb. 28 "Der Herr Im Hause," by 
Paul Lindau, had its first presentation. 

On March i " Hans, " by Max Dreyer, was seen for the first time 
in America; Karl Wagner first appeared in this country as Hein- 
rich in "Die Versunckene Glocke," March 5; March 12, for the 
first time in America, " Der Goldene Kafig " (" The Golden Cage "), 
by Felix Phillippi, was played; March 19 Karl Wagner appeared 
in "Maria Stuart;" March 21 the one hundred and fiftieth anni- 
versary of the birthday of Goethe was celebrated with " Iphigenie 
auf Tauris," Karl Wagner as Orestes, and Martha Schiffel as 
Iphigenie; March 22 "Das Funfte Rad"("The Fifth Wheel"), 
a very light comedy by Hugo Lubliner, was seen ; March 28, " Cor- 
nelius Voss," by Franz von Schoenthan; and April 3, "The 
Journalists," by Gustav Freytag; Mme. Schumann Heink ap- 
peared April 14, in "Das Verspricken Hinter'm Herd;" April 16 
Fraulein Leonardi sang the title r61e in Meilhac and Millaud's 
comic opera, "Mile. Nitouche." The season closed April 30 with 
scenes from "Maria Stuart," third act of "Die Ehre," third act of 
"Dr. Klaus," third act of "Kreig und Frieden," and second act of 
"Maedel als Rekrut." 

The next season began Sept. 29, with Heinrich Conried as man- 
ager, and "Die Sittliche Forderung " ("A Moral Demand") as 
the opening play, in which Fraulein Lange and Herr Ottbert ap- 
peared. " Der Hochzeitstag " (" The Wedding Day "), by Herren 
Walters and Konigsbrunschaup, was produced March 5. " Frauen 
von Heute " (" Women of To-day "), by Benno Jacobson, was seen 
for the first time in America, March 18, for the benefit of Herr 
Von Seyfifertitz, who appeared as Herr Ottbert; Fraulein Merito 
as his wife. " Faust " was given March 26, with Karl Emmerich 
in the title rdle. The second part of " Faust " was acted March 
29, when Ada Merito appeared as Marguerite. "Die Bernehute 
Frau" ("A Celebrated Woman") was given here April 8 as a sub- 
stitute for " The Battle of Froschweiler," which had been announced, 



244 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1861 

but had to be abandoned, owing to the sudden illness of Ada Merito. 
Helen Odilon, a Viennese "star," made her American ddbut April 
15 in"Lona Ladinser;" she appeared April 18 for the first time 
in America as Camille. On April 22 " Die Zwillingsschwester " 
("The Twin Sister"), by Ludwig Fulda, was produced, with Otto 
Ottbert as Orlando della Torre. May 8, for her farewell and the 
last night of the season, Madame Odilon appeared in a " curtain 
raiser," "A Modest Wooing," by Otto Erich Hartleber; Mme. 
Odilon as Rita Revera, brought down the house by singing " I love 
you, honey, yes I do," in fairly good English. Roberto Bracco's 
" Untreu " (" Faithless ") followed, in which the famous Vienna 
actress appeared in the r61e of Countess Sangiorgi. 

THE CALIFORNIA MENAGERIE 

ONE of P. T. Barnum's little experiments was an exhibition 
known as the "California Menagerie," which was given 
under canvas at the corner of Fourth Avenue and Thirteenth 
Street. It was managed by P. T. Barnum and James M. Nixon. 
The initial performance took place April 30, i860. In addition 
to a collection of wild beasts, J. C. Adams, styled " The California 
Trapper of '49," exhibited a collection of trained wild animals. 

FIFTH AVENUE MUSIC HALL 

SITUATED at the southeast corner of Twenty-third Street and 
Broadway was the "Fifth Avenue Music Hall." The en- 
trance for gentlemen was 954 Broadway; for ladies, 948. It was 
opened Dec. 25, i860. Its name was changed to Union MusiC 
Hall " Jan. 16, 1867, and it was opened with a panorama of 
Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress." Griffin & Christy's minstrels 
took possession July 29, 1867. E. Perceval, George Christy, and 
Otto Burbank were in the organization. They closed on Aug. 10. 

EUSTACHE'S THEATRE 

A HALL known as "Eustache's Theatre" was situated on 
Fourth Street, near First Avenue. Miscellaneous enter- 
tainments were given here during the season of 1860-61. On 
Feb. 18, 1861, E. L. Malhaban gave performances in magic, and 
the place was called "The Theatre Oriental." It passed out 
of existence in a few months. 

WALLACK'S THEATRE 

FOR something more than twenty years the most famous theatre 
in the United States was that of James W. Wallack, situ- 
ated on the northeast corner of Broadway and Thirteenth Street. 



i86i3 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



245 



It was erected in i86r. Thomas R. Jackson was the architect. It 
was in this house the name of Wallack won its proudest laurels. 
J. W. Wallack was its first manager, but he never played there, 
and to all intents and purposes J. Lester Wallack, with Theo. Moss 
in the business department, was from the first head and front of 
the theatre. In this house there appeared at intervals Charles 
Fisher, John Sefton, Mark Smith, John Gilbert, James William- 
son, J. W. Wallack, Jr., E. L. Davenport, Wm. Holston, Frederic 
Robinson, J. B. Polk, J. H. Stoddart, Owen Marlowe, George 
Clarke, Chas. Mathews, George Boniface, Sen., Harry Becket, E. M. 
Holland, Edward Arnot, Eben Plympton, H. J. Montague, Dion 
Boucicault, Steele Mackaye, Charles Coghlan, Charles Barron, 
Harry Edwards, Maurice H. Barrymore, Gerald Eyre, Osmond 
Tearle, William Elton, Harry Pitt, Fanny Morant, Mrs. John 
Sefton, Mary Gannon, Mrs. John Hoey, lone Burke, Mrs. Clara 
Jennings, Rose Eytinge, Emily Mestayer, Effie Germon, Mrs. 
Thomas Barry, Helen Tracy, Katharine Rogers, Rose Coghlan, 
Mme. Ponisi, Jeffreys Lewis, Ada Dyas, Rose Wood, Stella Boni- 
face, Maud Granger, Adelaide Detchon, and Mrs. Vernon and 
Madeline Henriques. 

The company engaged consisted of Lester Wallack, W. R. 
Blake, W. R. Floyd, G. F. Browne, Norton, Reynolds, Chas. 
Parsloe, A. W. Young, Charles Fisher, Winters, Hardy, Willis, 
St. John, Charles, Parkes, John Sefton, Geo. Holland, Mrs. John 
Hoey, Mrs. Vernon, Mrs. Reeves, Mrs. John Sefton, Mrs. Sloan, 
Mary Gannon, Fanny Morant, Madeline Henriques, Viola Crocker, 
Mary Miller, and Carman. The musical director was Robert 
Stoepel, treasurer, Theo. Moss; scenic artist, Mr. Hillyard. 

The initial programme was "The New President," by Tom 
Taylor, Sept. 25, 1861, with this cast: 



De La Rampe . . . Lester Wallack 
Grand Duke Kleinstadt Charles Fisher 
Count Wetterhaum . . W. H. Norton 
Landgrave of Braunsback 

Mr. Reynolds 
Baron Von Dampfnoodel W. R. Blake 
General Fraunsback . Chas. Parsloe 
Mile. Von Gridenheim . Mrs. Vernon 
Colombe . . . Madeline Henriques 
Mile Gironnette . . . Viola Crocker 
Princess Wilhelmina . Mary Miller 
Baronness Von Dampfnoodel 

Mary Gannon 



Fraulein Von Pfeffier 

Belcour 

Vaubelle . 

Ragoutin . 

Griboulard 

Linda . . 

Toupet 

Col. Krebs 

Herduk 

La Jaconde 

Mile. Roncoulle 



Miss Carman 

W. R. Floyd 

Mr. Winters 

Mr. St. John 

Geo. Browne 

. Mr. Hardy 

. Mr. Willis 

A. W. Young 

. Mr. Charles 

Mrs. John Hoey 

Mrs. Reeves 



Previous to the comedy, James W. Wallack addressed the audi- 
ence. This was the last time he ever appeared on any stage. 
"The King of the Mountains " was produced here Oct. 15 : 



246 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Ci86i 



Hadji Stavrus . . 
Sophocles .... 
Capt. Pericles . . 
Christophonos . . 
Capt. Walter Harris 
John Joseph Jerramis 
Herman Schultz . . 



Chas. Fisher 

A. W. Young 

W. R. Floyd 

Mr. Browne 

Lester Wallack 

W. R. Blake 

■ Mr. Reynolds 



Miss Porcupine . . . Mrs. Vernon 
Mary Ann Melton . Miss Henriques 

Dimitri Chas. Parsloe 

Tambouris Mr. Parkes 

Vasili Mr. Hardy 

Photini Mrs. Hoey 



Nov. 21, "The Magic Marriage," for the first time on any stage, 
and the cast was : 



Count Faletti . . . Mr. Reynolds 
Signor Malfridi .... Mr. Fisher 

Foscolo Mr. Floyd 

The Chevalier Monte Celleni 

Lester Wallack 



Marchioness de Volterra . Mrs. Hoey 

Barettri Mr. Parkes 

Belmonte Mr. Parsloe 

Zillah Fanny Morant 



' The Scapegoat " was given the same evening, cast thus : 



Old Eustace (first appearance here) 

Geo. Holland 
Master Frederick . . Master Reeves 
Molly Maggs . . Mrs. John Sefton 



Charles Eustace ... W. R. Floyd 
Ignatius Polyglot . . W. R. Blake 

Robin Mr. Young 

Harriet Viola Crocker 



Tom Taylor's drama, "Up at the Hills," was presented Dec. 19, 
with this cast : 



Major Stonehurst . 
Mrs. Colonel McCann 
Mrs. Eversleigh . . 
Captain Black . . 
Lieut. Greenway. . 
Tunstall .... 
Dr. Macrivet . . . 



Chas. Fisher 
. Mrs. Hoey 
Fanny Morant 
. Mr. Norton 
. Mr. Floyd 
Mr. Reynolds 
. John Sefton 



NabishuU 
Kharmmah 
Dheva Singh 
Kate Neil . 
Margaret . 
Monee . . 
Mahlee 



Geo. Browne 
. Mr. Parkes 
C. Parsloe 
Viola Crocker 
. Mary Miller 
Madeline Henriques 
. . Miss Carman 



"You Can't Marry Your Grandfather" was seen for the first time 
in addition to " Up at the Hills." It had this cast : 



Sir Rose Bloomly . . W. R. Blake 
Algernon Bloomly . . Wm. Reynolds 
Emma Melville (first appear- 
ance here) . . . Mrs. John Sloan 



Tom Small 
Ready . . 
Susan Trim 
Mrs. Pickle 



Geo. Holland 
. Mr. Young 
Miss Gannon 
Miss Carman 



Standard comedies were produced from Dec. 30 to June 9, 1862, 
and included "She Stoops to Conquer," given Dec. 30: 



Young Marlowe . . Lester Wallack 

Richard Johnston 

Hardcastle Blake 

Aminadab C. Parsloe, Jr. 

Mrs. Hardcastle . . Mrs. Vernon 
Miss Hardcastle .... Mrs. Hoey 

Miss Neville Mrs. Sloan 

Tony Lumpkin . . George Holland 
Diggory A. W. Young 



Sir Charles .... Geo. Browne 

Roger Converse 

Mat Muggins Burke 

Hastings Wm. Reynolds 

Jeremy John Sefton 

Stingo Parkes 

Ralph Smith 

Tim Twist Smith 

Dolly Mrs. Reeves 



i862l| 



WALLACE'S THEATRE 



247 



John Brougham's "Playing with Fire" was seen Dec. 31, with 
this cast: 



Dr. Savage . . 
Herbert . . . 
Mrs. Dr. Savage 
Widow Crabstick 
Perkins . . . 



Lester Wallack 

W. H. Norton 

Mary Gannon 

Mrs. Vernon 

Viola Crocker 



Uncle Timotliy 
Pinchbeck 
Mrs. Waverly 
Richard . . 
Mary Ann 



. . . Blake 

W. R. Floyd 

. Mrs. Hoey 

C. Parsloe Jr. 

Miss Carman 



Jan. I, 1862, "The School for Scandal" was presented, with 
Lester Wallack as Charles, Blake as Sir Peter, Norton as Oliver, 
Chas. Fisher as Joseph, Geo. Holland as Moses, Mrs. Hoey as 
Lady Teazle, Madeline Henriques as Maria, Mrs. Sloan as Lady 
Sneerwell, and Mrs. Vernon as Mrs. Candour. On Jan. 2 " She 
Stoops to Conquer" was repeated; Jan. 6 "London Assurance" 
was played, with this cast: 

Charles Lester Wallack Dazzle Reynolds 

Sir Harcourt .... Chas. Fisher Max Norton 

Cool Young Dolly Spanker .... W. Floyd 

Pert Mrs. John Sefton Lady Gay Mrs. Hoey 

Meddle Blake Grace Mary Gannon 

On Jan. 7 "Love for Love" was seen; Jan. 8, "The Road to 
Ruin;" Jan. 21, "A Cure for the Heartache;" Jan. 22, "A Bold 
Stroke for a Husband;" Jan. 23, "The Honeymoon;" Jan. 24, 
"A Cure for the Heartache; " and Feb. 5, "The Poor Gentleman," 
with this cast : 



Sir Robert Blake 

Dr. OUapod Young 

Sir Charles Floyd 

Valet Parkes 

Emily Mrs. Hoey 



Humphrey Dobbins . . . G. Holland 
Lieut. Worthington . . . C. Fisher 
Lucretia MacTab . . Mrs. Vernon 
Frederick .... Lester Wallack 
Corporal Foss Moore 

" Town and Country " was given Feb. 5 with the following cast : 

Cosey Blake 

Capt. Glenroy C. Fisher 

Trot Geo. Holland 

Taffline Viola Crocker 



Rosalie Somers Madeline Henriques 

Reuben Lester Wallack 

Plastic Wm. Floyd 

Mrs. Glenroy Mrs. Hoey 

Mrs. Trot . . . Mrs. John Sefton 



Mrs. Moreen 



Mrs. Vernon 



"Speed the Plough" was played Feb. 6; Feb. 12, "The Irish 
Heiress;" Feb. 13, "The Wonder;" Feb. 24, "Wild Oats;" Feb. 
26, "The Belle's Stratagem; " and March 17 "The Love Chase" 
was presented with this cast: 



Sir William (first appearance 

here) Mark Smith 

Wildrake .... Lester Wallack 

Constance Mrs. Hoey 

Widow Green .... Mary Gannon 
Lydia .... Madeline Henriques 

Alice Mrs. Reeves 

Phoebe Miss Green 



Amelia Miss Carman 

Master Waller C.Fisher 

Trueworth Reynolds 

Humphries Geo. Browne 

Neville Parkes 

Lash Parsloe 

George Turner 



248 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisea 



"The Way to Get Married" was done March 20; March 29, 
"The Jealous Wife;" March 31, the first time here, "Old Heads 
and Young Hearts," with this cast : 

Jesse Rural W. R. Blake 

Earl of Pompion Moore 

Charles Roebuck Floyd 

Col. Rocket Norton 

Lady Alice Mrs. Hoey 

Miss Rocket . . . Mary Gannon 



Littleton Coke C. Fisher 

Tom Coke Mark Smith 

Bob Young 

Stripe Parkes 

Russel Turner 

Countess Mrs. Vernon 

April 2, "The Rivals;" April 7, " Secrets Worth Knowing;" and 
April 14, "Love and Money," cast thus: 



Lord Fipley .... Lester Wallack 
The MacDunnun of Dunnun 

C. Fisher 

Helen Mrs. Hoey 

Rose Mary Gannon 

Mrs. Fox Mrs. Vernon 

Matilda Viola Crocker 



Sally Mrs. John Sefton 

Claude Mark Smith 

Sykes Norton 

Craven Acton Reynolds 

Withers Young 

William Turner 

Mrs. Warren . . . Miss Carman 



" The Lady of Lyons " was presented April 21, with Wallack as 
Claude, Mark Smith as Col. Damas, Fisher as Glavis, and Mrs. Hoey 
as Pauline ; " Everyone Has His Fault " was seen April 28 ; May 5, 
" Love in a Maze," for the benefit of Lester Wallack ; and May 19, 
" The Romance of a Poor Young Man " was acted for the first time 
and with this cast: 



Manuel Lester Wallack 

Dr. Desmarets .... Mark Smith 

Marguerite Mrs. Hoey 

Mad. Aubrey . . . Mary Gannon 
Mad. Laroque .... Mrs. Vernon 

Alain Young 

Louise Van Berger Mrs. John Sefton 



Mile. Helouin . . . Fanny Morant 

M. Nouret '. Browne 

Bevannes Reynolds 

Caspar Chas. Fisher 

Yvionett C. Parsloe 

Christine Fanny Reeves 



May 24, "John Bull" was seen, with Blake as Job Thornberry; 
May 26, " Everybody's Friend ; " June 2, " The Love Chase " was 
given, with Smith as Sir William Fondlove. Fanny Morant took her 
benefit June 4, and the season closed June 9, with a benefit to 
Theo. Moss, when "The Little Treasure" and "Rural Felicity" 
were acted. 

A summer season opened June 10, with Mr. and Mrs. Wm. J. 
Florence as the "stars." " Orange Blossoms " was played July 2, 
and cast thus : 



Septimus Symmetry 
Isabel Clarence 



W. J. Florence 
Emma Skerrett 
Clarence Wm. Davidge 



Violet Hope . 
Louisa Dudley 
Falcon Hope 



Mrs. D. Myron 
Viola Crocker 
. J. L. Barrett 



"Dombey and Son" was acted July 7, with Florence as Capt. Cuttle 
and Mrs. Florence as Susan Nipper. The Florences had a benefit 



18633 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



249 



July 21, when Mr. and Mrs. Barney Williams and Geo. F. Browne 
appeared. " Eily O'Connor," a burlesque on the " Colleen Bawn," 
was given Aug. 6, for the first time in America. 



Myles-na-Coppaleen . W. J. Florence 
Danny Mann . William Davidge, Sr. 
Sergeant O'Tooralooral G. F. Browne 
Eily O'Connor . Mrs. W. J. Florence 
Kyrle Daly J. L. Barrett 



Hardress Viola Crocker 

Corrigan J. Martin 

Ann Chute .... Emma Skerrett 
Mrs. Cregan . . . Mrs. Dan Myron 



The summer season closed Sept. 6. Mrs. John Sloan retired from 
the stage about this time. 

The second regular season opened Sept. 18, with the following 
company: Mrs. Hoey, Mrs. Vernon, Fanny Morant, Mrs. Reeves, 
Miss Green, Miss Schlemm, Mary Gannon, Madeline Henriques, 
Mrs. John Sefton, Miss Carman, Miss La Forrest, Miss Gimber, 
Lester Wallack, Charles Fisher, Mark Smith, Young, W. Norton, 
Reynolds, Geo. Browne, Parkes, John Gilbert, Geo. Holland, Wm. 
Floyd, John Sefton, Moore, C. Parsloe, Jr., and Turner. The opening 
play was " The Love Chase." Sept. 19, " London Assurance " was 
given ; Sept. 20, " The Wonder ;" and Sept. 22, for the d6but of 
John Gilbert, "The School for Scandal," in which he played Sir 
Peter Teazle ; Sept. 23, " Money " was produced. The old comedies 
were continued until Oct. 20, when " Bosom Friends," an adapta- 
tion of Sardou's " Nos Intimes," was acted with this cast : 



Mr. Union . . 
Mr. Yielding . . 
Frederick Fervid 
Mr. Borrowwell . 
Capt. Donoghue 
Theodore . . . 
Mrs. Meanley . 



. Lester Wallack 
. . John Gilbert 
William Reynolds 
. . John Sefton 
. W. H. Norton 
. Miss F. Reeves 
. . Mrs. Vernon 



Gimp . . 
Dr. Bland . 
Mr. Meanley 
Doyley . . 
Mrs Union 
Amy . . 



. . Mrs. Reeves 

. Charles Fisher 

A. W. Young 

. . Mr. Turner 

Mrs. John Hoey 

Madeline Henriques 



"The Jealous Wife" was played Nov. i; "Speed the Plough," 
Nov. 4, when Mary Barrett, daughter of G. H. Barrett, made her 
debut as Miss Blandford. Lester Wallack's comedy, " Central 
Park," was played here Nov. 12, with this cast: 



Wyndham Otis Wallack 

Mrs. Kerr Flamberry . Mary Gannon 
Flora .... Madeline Henriques 
Bridget .... Mrs. John Sefton 

Dobson Hudson 

Kerr Flamberry .... John Gilbert 
Myrtle Norton 



Robert Young 

Skeesicks C. Parsloe, Jr. 

Mittens Mrs. Reeves 

Graffles George Browne 

Harry Reynolds 

Bayley Parkes 

William Turner 



Jan. 5, 1863, "Pauline" was presented; Jan. 17 "The Pro- 
voked Husband, or A Journey to London," was given, with this 
cast: 



250 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D863 



Lord Townley . . . Chas. Fisher 
Sir Francis Wronghead, John Gilbert 
Lady Wronghead . . Fanny Morant 



John Moody 
Mr. Manly. . 
Squire Richard 
Count Basset . 
Poundage . . 
Constable . . 



Geo. Holland 
Mr. Reynolds 
. Mr. Young 
. Wm. Floyd 
Chas. Parsloe 
George Browne 



James W. H. Pope 

Williams Mr. Turner 

Lady Townley . . Mrs. John Hoey 
Miss Jenny .... Mary Gannon 
Lady Grace . . . Miss Henriques 

Trusty Mrs. John Sefton 

Myrtilla Miss Barrett 

Mrs. Motherly . . . Miss Carman 



" The School for Scandal " was revived Jan. 27 with this cast : 



Charles Surface . . . Lester Wallack 
Lady Sneerwell . . Mrs. John Sefton 

Sir Peter John Gilbert 

Sir Oliver Mark Smith 

Sir Benjamin Reynolds 

Joseph Charles Fisher 

Lady Teazle Mrs. Hoey 

Maria .... Madeline Henriques 
Mrs. Candour . . . Fanny Morant 



Crabtree John Sefton 

Moses Geo. Holland 

Trip Young 

Careless Floyd 

Rowley Browne 

Snake Parker 

Richard C. Parsloe 

William Turner 



Feb. 10 a translation from the French by E. G. P. Wilkins called 
"Henrietta" was produced. For Mrs. Hoey's benefit, Feb. 17, 
" Magic Marriage," " Captain of the Watch," and " Masl^ and 
Faces" formed the bill. Feb. 21, "Ernestine" was played; Feb. 
24, "Americans in Paris; " Feb. 27, " The Fine Old English Gentle- 
man;" March 2, " Faint Heart Never Won Fair Lady" and " The 
Youthful Queen " were presented. March 9 " A Wonderful Woman " 
and "Blue and Cherry" were acted; March 13, "Spring and 
Autumn " and " Sketches in India." On April 7 " My Noble Son- 
in-Law," an adaptation from the French, was given for the first 
time, and with this cast : 



Lord de Vere . . . Lester Wallack 
Hector, Duke de Myran, Charles Fisher 
Mr. Thomas Tompkins John Gilbert 
Mr. Tony Wilkins . . . Mark Smith 



Lady Isabella de Vere . . Mrs. Hoey 

Vatel A. W. Young 

Solomons G. F. Browne 



"Follies of a Night" was presented April 18 for the benefit of 
Theo. Moss, also "Sweethearts and Wives." "Lost and Won" 
was first seen here May 4, and had this cast: 



Marquis de la Tour . 
Marshal Gaucher . 
Marquis Cinq Mars 



Chas. Fisher 
. Mark Smith 
W. R. Floyd 



Hdloise de la Tour . Mrs. John Hoey 
Duchess de Villers . . Fanny Morant 
Jdreme W. H. Pope 



" The Stranger " was played May 9 for Lester Wallack 's benefit. 
The Wife " was first seen here May 26, and cast thus : 



1863] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



251 



Julian St. Pierre . 
Leonardo Gonzaga 
Ferardo Gonzaga 
Antonio 
Lorenzo 
Bartolo . . 
Count Flurio 
Hugo . . 



Advocate Mr. Browne 

Courier Mr. Turner 

Cosino Mr. Charles 

First Officer Mr. Halford 

Second Officer .... Mr. Harris 

Carlo Mr. Williams 

Marianna Mrs. Hoey 

Floribel Miss Barrett 

June II" Knights of the Round Table " was presented, with this 
cast: 



Lester Wallack 
. Charles Fisher 
. W. H. Norton 
. John Gilbert 
William Reynolds 
George Holland 
. . Mr. Parkes 
. . . Mr. Pope 



TomTittler Wallack 

Capt. Cozens C. Fisher 

Leonard Floyd 

Count Livenwertz .... Browne 

Peggy Mary Gannon 

Perdita Miss Henriques 

Smith Mark Smith 



Sir Ralph W. Norton 

Gen. Grantley .... John Moore 

Baron C. Parsloe 

Chevalier Parker 

Vernon Turner 

Landlord Pope 



The season closed June 22. 

On Aug. 6 a summer season opened under the management of 
Theo. Moss with the ghost illusion brought to this country several 
years before by Harry Watkins, who introduced it in " The Bride 
of an Evening" at Barnum's Museum. At Wallack's the title of 
the play was changed to " True to the Last," and was thus cast : 



Honora Paul . . 
Godfrey Dulaine 
Mme. Auderly . 
Agnes Darke . . 
Dr. Henry Haws 
Col. Shahanon . 
Mr. Willoughby . 
Wardom . . . 



Mrs. Harry Watkins 
. Harry Watkins 
Mrs. John Sefton 
Mrs. W. R. Floyd 
. . H. F. Daly 
. W. H. Norton 
. W. R. Floyd 
. Geo. Holland 



Gov. Sterne J. F. Hagan 

Hugh Farquier . . . . T. J. Hind 
Ernest Stern . . . Jas. Williamson 
Kurrubabel .... Chas. Parsloe 
Mr. Harrison .... Geo. Browne 

Tom Turner C. Pope 

Lily Auderly M. Green 



The regular season of 1863-64 commenced Sept. 30 with the fol- 
lowing company: Lester Wallack, John Gilbert, Charles Fisher, 
Mark Smith, Geo. Holland, Young, Wm. R. Floyd, John Sefton, H. 
F. Daly, W. H. Norton, John Moore, Geo. Browne, J. C. Williamson, 
Parkes, W. H. Pope, Palmo, Mrs. John Hoey, Mary Gannon, Mrs. 
Vernon, Madeline Henriques, Fanny Morant, Mrs. John Sefton, lone 
Burke, Clara Jennings, Misses M. Barrett, Green, Carman, and 
Gimber. " Rosedale, or the Rifle Ball," was the opening bill, and 
had its first performance on any stage. This was the cast : 

Elliot Grey .... Lester Wallack Sir Arthur May 
Matthew Leigh . . . Chas. Fisher Sarah Sykes . 
Col. Cavendish . . . . H. F. Daly Dicksy . . . 

Romany Rob John Sefton Robert . . . 

Lady Adela .... Fanny Morant Lady May . . 
Farmer Green . . . Geo. Browne Rosa Leigh . 
Corporal Daw ... W. H. Pope Tabitha Stork 
Miles McKenna . . . John Gilbert Primroe . . 
Bunberry Kobb . . . Geo. Holland Mother Mix . 



Emma Le Brun 

Mrs. John Sefton 

. . Parkes 

. . . Palmo 

. Mrs. Hoey 

Mary Gannon 

Mrs. Vernon 

Mary Barrett 

Miss Carman 



252 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1864 



It had one hundred and twenty-five performances during the 
season. 

The author of " Rosedale " was not Lester Wallack, as the play- 
bills always said. At a dinner given in this city in 1890 it was 
stated by Charles Gayler that Fitz James O'Brien (who was killed 
in the war of the rebellion) was paid $100 by Lester Wallack to 
write it. For a quarter of a century Lester Wallack was credited 
with the authorship of that drama. As a matter of fact, neither of 
these gentlemen wrote it. It is a close dramatization of the novel, 
" Lady Lee's Widowhood," which appeared in Blackwood's Maga- 
zine. Even the names of the characters are retained. 

"The Clandestine Marriage" was played Nov. 17; Dec. i "A 
Bachelor of Arts " was seen ; Dec. 23 " The Invisible Husband " 
had its first presentation here, with this cast : 



Gil Perez Geo. Holland 

Don Japhet Mark Smith 

Giralda Mary Gannon 



Don Phillip Wallack 

Isabella Fanny Morant 

Don Manuel .... Chas. Fisher 
Captain of the Guard . . . Parkes 

Mrs. Marie Wilkins made her American d6but Dec. 17, 1863, as 
the Widow Green in " The Love Chase." " Married Life " was 
produced Dec. 19, with the first appearance on any stage of Clara 
Jennings as Mrs. Lynx. lone Burke appeared Jan. 6, 1864. 
" Rosedale " was given tri-weekly, the other nights being set apart 
for old comedies. On Feb. 2 the gross receipts of the house were 
given to the Sanitary Commission. " Pure Gold " was acted for the 
first time in America on Feb. 9. " Rosedale " received its one- 
hundredth representation March 11. J. C. Williamson (now a man- 
ager in Australia) joined the company in February, and was here 
continuously until 1871, when he went to San Francisco and married 
there charming Maggie Moore, with whom, as an artistic as well as 
a domestic partner, he quickly found wide fame and substantial 
fortune. 

Jane Coombs made her debut here as leading lady (Mrs. John 
Hoey having retired) April 27, as Lady Teazle in " The School 
for Scandal;" April 29 she played Lady Gay Spanker in " London 
Assurance," and, April 30, Mrs. Haller in " The Stranger." The 
features of her acting were ease, grace, and refinement; a clear, 
distinct, and judicious enunciation, and an accurate appreciation of 
character. The season closed June 3, but the house was opened for 
a summer term July 5 with Fillmore's play, " The Winning Suit," 
produced for the first time in America, and thus cast : 



Don Pedro Chas. Fisher 

Josef Geo. Holland 

Don Alphonso ... W. H. Norton 

Sebastian H. F. Daly 

Hostess .... Mrs. John Sefton 



Count Roderic . A. H. Davenport 
Villa Nober . . . J, C. Williamson 

Orelia Avonia Jones 

Francesco lone Burke 



1864] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



253 



This was the first appearance in this theatre of Avonia Jones and 
A. H. Davenport. 

The next season commenced Sept. 19, with the following com- 
pany : Lester Wallack, Mark Smith, John Gilbert, John Sefton, G. F. 
Browne, George Holland, Wm. R. Floyd, J. E. Whiting, J. C. Will- 
iamson, A. W. Young, W. Parkes, Charles Fisher, J. S. Wright, 
Nicol Mclntyre, James McGee, Wayne, Mrs. John Sefton, Mrs. 
Clara Jennings, Mrs. W. R. Floyd, Mrs. Maurice, Mary Gannon, 
Madeline Henriques, Fanny Morant, lone Burke, Mary Barrett, 
Carman, A. Maurice, and Green. Boucicault's comedy, " The Fox 
Chase " was the first production, and had this cast : 



Tom Waddy 
Mr. Mordaunt 
Mr. Twining 
Mr. St. Leger 
Link . . . 
Dr. Peawit . 
Dr. Cavil . 
Laura St. Leger 



Lester Wallack 
. Chas. Fisher 

John Gilbert 
. Mark Smith 
. A. W. Young 

John Sefton 
. C. W. Parkes 
. Mary Gannon 



Mrs. Reckless . Madeline Henriques 
Athenia Verdita . . Fanny Morant 

Call Boy G. Browne 

Face J. C. Williamson 

Dryden W. H. Pope 

Brown James McGee 

Miss Peawit .... Mrs. Maurice 



This comedy had been originally produced at Burton's Chambers 
Street Theatre, but was rewritten for this house. " Look Before You 
Leap," was given Sept. 28, with this cast : 



Mr. Oddington . 
Jack Spriggs . . 
Tom Tilley . . 
Charles Rashlugh 
Henry Brandon . 
Fanny Hardman . 



, John Gilbert 
, Charles Fisher 
A. W. Young 
. W. R. Floyd 
. J. E. Whiting 
. Mary Gannon 



Clara Oddington, 
Elenor Mortimer 
Richard . . . 
Miss Brown . . 
Mary Oddington , 
Mrs. Noggs . 



Madeline Henriques 
. . Mrs. Jennings 
. . W. H. Pope 
. . Mrs. Vernon 
. . . Mrs. Floyd 
. . Miss Carman 



This was the first appearance of J. E. Whiting, Mclntyre, and 
Wright. " She Stoops to Conquer " was next done, with Geo. Hol- 
land as Tony Lumpkin and Mary Gannon as Miss Hardcastle. Oct. 
3 " Money " was seen ; Oct. 5 " Follies of a Night " and " My 
Wife's Maid " made up the bill. The farce had this cast : 



Captain Crackthorpe 
Mr. Pottles, Sr. . . 
Lysimachus Pottles . 



Mark Smith 
Geo. Holland 
A. W. Young 



Master Sprouts . 
Barbara Perkins . 
Lucinda Whiffleton 



" Look Before You Leap " was repeated Oct. 6 ; 
Stoops to Conquer;" Oct. 12, " Money;" Oct. 13, " 
for the first time, and cast thus : 



J. C. Williamson 
. . lone Burke 
. Mary Barrett 

Oct. II, "She 
The Compact," 



Juan Ravages . . . 
Don Manuel Velasco, 
Josef de Galvan 
Gil Zote . 
Marco . . 
Lope Mendez 
Don Carlos . 
Roque . . 



Lester Wallack 

Charles Fisher 

John Gilbert 

George Holland 

A. W. Young 

. W. R. Floyd 

. J. E. Whiting 

John Moore 



Pepe .... 
Marquis de Luna 
Pequillo . . . 
Donna Isabella 
Margarita . . 
Captain Perez . 
Jacinta . . . 



. . John Sefton 
. . Geo. Browne 
. J. C. Williamson 

Fanny Morant 
Mrs. W. R. Floyd 
. . W. H. Pope 

Mary Gannon 



254 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D865 



Oct. 24, 29, and Nov. 3 "The Busybody" was played; Oct. 
25 and 28, "The Compact;" Oct. 26, "Follies of a Night" and 
" My Wife's Maid ;" Oct. 27, " Look Before You Leap ;" Oct. 31, 
"Rosedale ; " Nov. i, " Wonder, a Woman Keeps a Secret ; " Nov. 5, 
"Americans in Paris " and " My Wife's Maid ; " Nov. 16, " The School 
of Reform," with Gilbert as Gen. Tarragon, Chas. Fisher as Fer- 
ment, Mark Smith as Robert Tyke, Mary Gannon as Mrs. Ferment, 
Mrs. Vernon as Mrs. Nicely, Mrs. Jennings as Julia, and lone Burke 
as Shelah. Nov. 28 " To Marry or Not to Marry " was given ; 
Dec. 7, " Masks and Faces," with Chas. Fisher as Triplet, Madeline 
Henriques as Peg Woffington, and Mrs Jennings as Mabel Vane. 
" Rural Felicity " and " To Marry or Not to Marry " were seen Dec. 
13. Boucicault's " How She Loves Him " was acted here for the 
first time Dec. 12, and with this cast : 



Vacil .... 
Dick Heartly . . 
Capt. Yawley . . 
Diogenes . . . 
Dr. Minimum 
Dr. Zkwertz . . 
Sir Ricliard English 



Lester Wallaclc 

. Chas. Fisher 

. W. R. Floyd 

W. H. Norton 

John Sefton 

John Moore 

. John Gilbert 



Sir Jericho Maximum . Geo. Browne 
Atalanta Cruiser . . . Mary Gannon 
Mrs. Vacil . . . Madeline Henriques 
Lady Selina RafiBeticket, Fanny Morant 
Dr. Sparks . . . . J. C. Williamson 
Handicap W. H. Pope 



" Married Life " was played Dec. 24. James W. Wallack died in 
this city Dec. 25, 1864. 

The theatre was closed until Dec. 28, when it was reopened with 
Lester Wallack as manager, John Gilbert as stage manager, J. S. 
Wright, prompter. " The Wife's Secret " was acted, with John 
Gilbert as Jabez Sneed, Charles Fisher as Sir Walter Amyot, Fanny 
Morant as Launcelot, Madeline Henriques as Lady Amyot, and lone 
Burke as Maud. " The Clandestine Marriage " was seen Dec. 30, 
with Gilbert as Lord Ogleby. 

Lester Wallack made his first public appearance since the death 
of his father, Jan. 3, 1865, acting Alfred Evelyn in " Money," with 
Madeline Henriques as Clara Douglas. 

Edmund Falconer's " Men of the Day " was produced here Jan. 
23, with this cast : 



Frank Hawthorn . 
Sir Lionel Norman 
Robin Wildbriar . 
Jenny Wildbriar . 
Lucy Vavasour 
Mrs. Wildbriar . 



Charles Fisher 

W. H. Norton 

. A. W. Young 

Mary Gannon 

Madeline Henriques 

Mrs. John Sefton 



Dr. Playfair .... Mark Smith 

James Geo. Holland 

Everard Digby . . . J. E. Whiting 
Augustus .... Nichol Mclntyre 
Euphemia Mary Barrett 



It had been played at Wallack's Broadway and Broome Street 
Theatre, May 6, 1859. Charles Walcot took a farewell prior to his 
European tour, Feb. i, and played Major Wellington De Boots in 
"Everybody's Friend." "The Game of Life" was seen Feb. 17; 
" Still Waters Run Deep " was given Feb. 2 1 for the benefit of 



1865: 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



255 



Chas. Fisher, when he acted John Mildmay, and Mr. Graham 
appeared here for the first time as Langford. Miss Henriques 
acted Julia in " The Hunchback," Feb. 24, for her benefit. John 
Gilbert was the Master Walter, and Charles Fisher Sir Thomas 
Clifford. " The Ticket of Leave Man " was presented here Feb. 27 
with this cast : 



Bob Brierly 
Hawkshaw . 
Green Jones 
Melter Moss 
James Dalton 
Mr. Gibson 
Sam Willoughby 



Charles Fisher 

A. W. Young 

, W. R. Floyd 

Geo. Holland 

W. H. Norton 

, . . Wright 

Mrs. W. R. Floyd 



Emily St. Evremond . Mary Gannon 



May Edwards . Madeline Henriques 
Mrs. Willoughby . Mrs. John Sefton 

Maltby Browne 

Burton Graham 

Sharpe W. H. Pope 

Joe Mr. Ward 

Henry Mr. Quigley 

Spriggins Mr. Caslin 



" The Man of Many Friends " was first seen here March 7 for the 
benefit of Fanny Morant. " An Unequal Match " was played 
March 14 for Mrs. John Sefton's benefit, and had this cast: 

Hester . . . Madeline Henriques 

Arncliff W. R. Floyd 

Bessy .... Mrs. John Sefton 



Mrs. Monfressor . . Fanny Morant 
Herr Dummkoff . . J. C. Williamson 
Grazbrook Mark Smith 



The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln occurred April 
14. At a meeting of the managers of the New York theatres, the 
following day, it was decided to close all places of amusement until 
Wednesday, April 26. This house reopened with " Bosom Friends." 
William Holston made his first appearance here May 3 in " The 
Black Sheep," which had this cast : 



Lady Barbican . . Fanny Morant 
Tom Shorter . . . . A. W. Young 
Smithers . . . . J. C. Williamson 



Bunny Holston 

Herbert Whiting 

Ethel Madeline Henriques 

Mrs. Todhunter . Mrs. John Sefton 

" A Prisoner of War " was acted April 28. Lester Wallack made 
his first appearance in four months March 9, and acted Don Felix 
in "The Wonder;" March 10 " How She Loves Him" was seen; 
March 11, "She Stoops to Conquer;" March 15, "To Marry or 
Not to Marry," Lester Wallack as Sir Oswin; March 23, "Central 
Park." " To Marry or Not to Marry " was repeated March 24 ; 
March 26, "Love and Money;" March 29, "How She Loves 
Him;" March 31, "Heir at Law; " June i, "The Game of Life;" 
June 2, " Leap Year ; " June 6, " Everyone Has His Fault ; " June 7, 
" Still Waters Run Deep ; " June 8, " The Poor Gentleman ; " June 
9, " The Irish Heiress." The season closed June 10 with " All that 
Glitters is Not Gold," and the farce, " High Life Below Stairs." 

A summer season was opened June 12 by the Wallack-Davenport 
combination, consisting of J. W. Wallack, Jr. ; E. L. Davenport, and 
Rose Eytinge. The company was : Joseph Whiting, W. C. Forbes, 



256 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1865 

Chas. Warwick, Geo. Holland, Stanton, Geo. Browne, James William- 
son, Graham, Maxwell, Pope, Ward, Quigley, Benschoten, Mrs. John 
Sefton, Mrs. W. R. Floyd, Mrs. Maurice, and Miss Green. They 
opened in "The Iron Mask," played for two weeks, followed June 26 
by " Oliver Twist," with Wallack as Fagan, Davenport as Bill Sikes, 
lone Burke as Oliver, and Rose Eytinge as Nancy Sikes. This 
combination appeared July 15, and Dan Bryant commenced July 
17 in " Handy Andy " and " The Irish Emigrant." Charles Fisher 
and Clara Jennings now reappeared. "The Colleen Bawn" was 
produced July 29, when Mrs. M. A. Farren and John Nunan were 
added to the company. " Shamus O'Brien" was announced to be 
acted, but the success of the " Colleen Bawn " prevented it from 
being produced. The season closed Aug. 26. 

The fifth regular season opened Sept. 21, 1865. John Gilbert 
continued as stage director. The initial performance was Tom 
Taylor's drama, " The Serf," which had this cast : 



Ivan E. L. Davenport 

Khor John Gilbert 

Steinhardt .... George Holland 
Count Fedor KaralofE, W. H. Norton 
Prince Vladimir Khovalenski 

J. C. Williamson 



Mistigris .... 
Countess De Mauleon, 
Princess Bariatinski . 

Jatchka 

Osif 



Charles Fisher 
Miss Henriques 
. Mary Barrett 

G. F. Browne 
. W. H. Pope 



Acoulini lone Burke 



This drama was not first played in America on this occasion, as 
announced on the bills, but was acted some days before at Philadel- 
phia by Edwin Adams. The company consisted of Lester Wallack, 
John Gilbert, Mark Smith, Young, B. T. Ringgold, W. Norton, Geo. 
Browne, W. H. Pope, Ward, Mary Gannon, Mrs. Vernon, lone 
Burke, Mrs. John Sefton, Miss Green, Kate Bartlett, Miss St. Clare, 
Miss Day, E. L. Davenport, Chas. Fisher, W. Holston, Geo. Holland, 
John Sefton, J. S. Wright, J. C.Williamson, Graham, Eugene, Made- 
line Henriques, Fanny Morant, Clara Jennings, Mary Barrett, Miss 
Carman, Mrs. Timony, Miss Vale, Miss Edwards. Stage director, 
John Gilbert ; prompter, J. S. Wright ; musical director, Edward 
Mollenhauer. " The Double Gallant," by Colley Cibber was acted 
for the first time in America Sept. 2 9: 



Atall .... 
Careless . . . 
Clerimont . . 
Saunter . . . 
Capt. Strutt . . 
Sir Harry Atall 
Finder . . . 
Supple . . . 
Dr. Bolus . . 
Sir Solomon Sadlife 
Old Mr. Wilford . 



E. L. Davenport 
Charles Fisher 
B. T. Ringgold 
. John Sefton 
W. H. Norton 
G. F. Browne 

J. C. Williamson 
. W. H. Pope 
. Mr. Graham 
. John Gilbert 
George Holland 



Sir Squabble Splithour . Mr. Wright 
Maid to Clarinda . . . Kate Bartlett 

Apothecary Mr. Ward 

Clarinda .... Miss Henriques 
Lady Dainty .... Miss Morant 

Sylvia Miss Burke 

Wishwell . . . Mrs. John Sefton 
Lady Sadlife . . . Clara Jennings 

Situp Miss Green 

Messenger Miss St. Clare 



1865: 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



•^-si 



" Miriam's Crime " was presented Oct. 9, with this cast ; 



Scumley .... Charles Fisher 

Biles W. Holston 

Berrard B. T. Ringgold 

Huffin W. H. Norton 



Daniel J. C. Williamson 

Miriam Miss Henriques 

Mrs. Raby . . . Mrs. John Sefton 



" King and Comedian " was given the same night, and thus cast : 



Stolbach Mark Smith 

Brochette A. W. Young 

Aide-de-camp .... W. H. Pope 
Frederick the Great . . John Gilbert 
Baron Kirserwasser . W. H. Norton 



Capt. Niddermaunersteinchuean- 

choningen . . . B. T. Ringgold 
Countess Plotzen . . Mrs. Jennings 

Kreutzner Mr. Ward 

Camilla lone Burke 



"Still Waters Run Deep" was seen Oct. 16, with E. L. Daven- 
port as Capt. Hawksley, Charles Fisher as John Mildmay, Mark 
Smith as Potter, Williamson as Gimlet, Miss Henriques as Mrs. 
Mildmay, and Fanny Morant as Mrs. Sternhold. On the same 
evening Mr. Holston appeared as Spriggins in " Ici on Parle 
Frangais." Craven's comedy of " The Needful " had its first Amer- 
ican representation Oct. 26, with this cast : 



Abraham Store . . . Mark Smith 
Mr. Meek .... George Holland 

Job Lax A. W. Young 

Jacob Scriplie . . . John Sefton 

Ester Miss F. Green 

Amelia McHaughty . Clara Jennings 
Mrs. Tabitha Store Mrs. John Sefton 



Ernest Otway . . . J. C. Williamson 
Capt. Feargus Daly E. L. Davenport 
Ensign McHaughty . B. T. Ringgold 
Yellowchase . . . . W. H. Norton 
Kate Harley .... Mary Gannon 
Mrs. Meek .... Mrs. Vernon 
Anna Meek lone Burke 



"The Needful" was acted until Nov. 11, when Mr. Davenport 
appeared as Sir Giles Overreach in "A New Way to Pay Old 
Debts." His engagement closed Nov. 22, and Nov. 23 J. W. 
Wallack, Jr., appeared for the first time this season, as Job Armroyd 
in " Lost in London," which had this cast : 



Mary Barrett 
Fanny Green 
G. F. Browne 

Mr. Graham 
. Mr. Ward 

W. H. Pope 



Job Armroyd . James W. Wallack, Jr. Florence . . . 

Gilbert Featherstone, Charles Fisher Signori Simondi . 

Sir Frederick Loader, Charles Roberts Topps .... 

Benjamin Blinker . . A. W. Young Dick Raine . . 

Jack Longbones . . J. C. Williamson Noah Moorhead . 

Nelly Armroyd . . Miss Henriques Thomas . . . 
Tilly Dragglethorpe . . Miss Morant 

Frederic Robinson made his American ddbut Dec. 12 as Sir 
Bernard Harleigh in "Dreams of Delusions," and Francis Fron- 
tignac in " A Wonderful Woman." The cast of " Dreams of De- 
lusion " wa^ : 



Sir Bernard Harleigh . F. Robinson 
Lady Viola . . Madeline Henriques 
Lord Arthur ... B. T. Ringgold 

Maunder W. Norton 

'vol. II. — 17 



Bobby J. C, Williamson 

Dr. Pungent .... John Gilbert 
Amabel lone Burke 



258 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cises 



" Secrets Worth Knowing " was given Dec. 26, with Frederic 
Robinson as Rostrum. Jan. 4, 1866, "A Poor Gentleman" was 
seen ; " Henry Dunbar," a dramatization of Miss Braddon's novel 
by Tom Taylor, was first acted in this country Jan. 10, and had this 
cast: 



Henry Dunbar 
The Major 
Henry Carter . 
Jerrams . . . 
Arthur Lovell 
Balderly . . 



J. W. Wallack 
Chas. Fisher 
. A. W. Young 
. Geo. Holland 
. W. H. Norton 
. G. F. Browne 



Clement Austin . . B. T. Ringgold 
Margaret Wentworth, Miss Henriques 
Hartogg . . . . J. C. Williamson 
Mary Tighty .... Mary Gannon 
Laura Dunbar .... lone Burke 



Jas. M. Wehli, the pianist, Mme. Fleury Urban, R. HofFman, and 
S. C. Campbell gave matinee concerts here Jan. 17, 20, and 24. 
" The Rivals " was presented Jan. 24. Jas. Wehli and Mme. 
Agosta gave a matinde concert Jan. 31. Feb. 6 "The King of 
the Commons " was acted for the first time in this house, and with 
this cast : 

King James . . . . J. W. Wallack 

Mungo Small . . . A. W. Young 

Malcolm .... B. T. Ringgold 

George Weir . . . Charles Fisher 



Madeline . • . Madeline Henriques 

Lord Seton W. Norton 

Sir Adam John Gilbert 

Said Small .... Mark Smith 



"The Iron Mask" was done Feb. 13 for the benefit of J. W. 
Wallack. Robertson's comedy, " Society," was acted Feb. 22 for 
the first time in America, and had this cast : 



Tom Styles . 
John Chodd, Jr. 
O'SuUivan 
Moses Aaron . 
Mac Usquebagh 
Sidney Daryl . 
Lord Ptarmigant 
John Chodd, Sr. 



. . Charles Fisher 

. . . W. Holston 

. . W. H. Norton 

. . G. F. Browne 

. . W. H. Pope 
Frederic Robinson 

. . Mark Smith 

. . Geo. Holland 



The Swiffel Lamb . 
Maud Hetherington, 
Lady Ptarmigant 
Little Maud . . . 
Mrs. Churton . . . 
Dr. Makores . . . 
Scargill 



J. C. Williamson 
Miss Henriques 
Mrs. Vernon 
Emma Le Brun 
. Mrs. Timony 
. . Mr. Ward 
. James McGee 



Several members of the company took benefits as follows : John 
Gilbert's was Feb. 26, when " The Clandestine Marriage " was 
given with this cast: 



Lord Ogleby J. Gilbert 

Canton John Sefton 

Lovewell C. Fisher 

Sterling Mark Smith 

Sir John Melville . B. T. Ringgold 

Mary Gannon's benefit took place Feb. 28, when " Romance and 
Reality " was given with this cast : 



Mrs. Heidelberg . . Mrs. Vernon 
Miss Sterling . . . Miss Henriques 

Fanny Clara Jennings 

Betty lone Burke 



Asper Manley 
Tom Badger . 
Oliver . . . 
Rosabella . . 
Blossom . . 



. John Gilbert 
. A. W. Young 
. W. H. Norton 
. Mary Gannon 
Miss Henriques 



Frank F. Robinson 

Jack Charles Fisher 

Lavender .... B. T. Ringgold 

Barbara Mrs. Vernon 

Betty Miss Clark 



18663 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



259 



March 2 was Mark Smith's benefit night, when " The Old English 
Gentleman " and " Americans in Paris " were seen. Frederic Rob- 
inson offered " The Rent Day " March 6, with this cast : 



Martin Heywood 
Silver Jack . . 
Bullfrog . . . 
Polly . . . . 



F. Robinson 

Chas. Fisher 

A. W. Young 

Mary Gannon 



Toby B. T. Ringgold 

Hyssop W. Norton 

Grantley . . . . J. C. Williamson 

Rachel M. Henriques 

Old Crumbs .... John Gilbert 

For her benefit, March 8, Madeline Henriques presented " An 
Unequal Match " in which she acted Hester Grazebrook. Fanny 
Morant gave " Married Life " and " The Eton Boy " March 
12 ; Charles Fisher acted Tom Tittler in " Knights of the Round 
Table " March 14 for his benefit ; and " The Serious Family " was 
played March 19 for Mr. Young's benefit, with this cast : 



Aminadab Sleek ... A. W. Young 

Charles B. T. Ringgold 

Capt. Murphy Maguire, F. Robinson 
Mrs. Ormsby Dalmaine, Mary Gannon 



Mrs. Charles Torrens, M. Henriques 
Emma Torrens . . . Mary Barrett 

Frank J. C. Williamson 

Lady Creamly . . . Mjrs. Vernon 



"The Laughing Hyena" was also given. For the benefit of Clara 
Jennings " Second Love " and " High Life Below Stairs " were 
produced March 21. "Paul Pry" and "Deaf as a Post" for 
George Holland's, March 23, and March 26 Mrs. John Sefton pro- 
duced " Dombey and Son " with this cast : 



Dombey 
Capt. Cuttle 
Toots . . 
Joe Bagstock 
Jack Bunsby 
Carker . . 
Walter Gay 
Susan Nipper 



Chas. Fisher 

Mark Smith 

. W. Holston 

W. H. Norton 

John Sefton 

B. T. Ringgold 

J. C. Williamson 

Mrs. John Sefton 



Flowers Miss Clarke 

Bob Graham 

Sol Gills W. H. Pope 

Brozley Ward 

The Native Cashin 

Mrs. Skewton . . . Mrs. Vernon 

Edith Fanny Morant 

Florence Miss Barrett 



For his benefit, March 28, W. Norton offered " John Bull." For 
Mrs. Vernon's benefit " Single Life " was produced March 31, with 
this cast : 



David Damper 
Charles . . . 
Kitty Skylark . 
Maria Macaw . 
Caroline Coy . 



. John Gilbert 
J. C. Williamson 

. Mary Gannon 

Mrs. Vernon 

Mrs. John Sefton 



John Niggle 
Peter Pinkey 
Narcissus . 
Sarah Snare 
Jessy . . 



lyiark Smith 
. A. W. Young 
B. T. Ringgold 
. Fanny Morant 
. Clara Jennings 



"Ladies at Home" was also acted. For lone Burke's benefit 
" The Wife's Secret " was revealed ; W. Holston, for his appeal, 
presented "The Porter's Knot," never before acted here, and the 
farce, " Boots at the Swan." The cast of the first piece was : 
Stephen Scatter . . . Chas. Fisher 



Smoothly Smirk . . . A. W. Young 
Augustus .... B. T. Ringgold 
Mrs. Burr Mrs. Vernon 



Samson Burr .... W. Holston 

Oakhum Geo. Holland 

Alice Clara Jennings 



26o A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1866 



April 9 Lester Wallack made his first appearance in twelve 
months in " She Stoops to Conquer," which had this cast : 



Young Marlowe 
Hardcastle . . 
Charles Marlowe 
Tony Lumpkin 
Diggory . . . 
Hastings . . 
Jeremy . . . 



Lester Wallack 

John Gilbert 

. Geo. Browne 

. Geo. Holland 

. A. W. Young 

B. T. Ringgold 

J. C. Williamson 



Stingo . . . 
Roger . . . 
Tim Twist 
Miss Hardcastle 
Miss Neville . 
Mrs. Hardcastle 



W. H. Pope 
. . Graham 
. . . Ward 
Mary Gannon 
M. Henriques 
Mrs. Vernon 



"The Wonder " was given April 11 ; "How She Loves Him" 
March 12 ; and April 16, " Don Caesar de Bazan," when Linda 
Windell, danseuse, with Louise Carman, appeared in a pas de deux. 
A matinde performance of " Norma," in Italian, was sung April 21 
for the benefit of Sig. Massimilliani. It had this cast : 



Norma . 
Adelgisa 



Miss McCuIlough I PoUione 
, . . Mile. Stella ' Oroveso 



Sig. Massimilliani 
, . . Sig. Bellini 



Chas. Reade's " It 's Never Too Late to Mend " had its first per- 
formance in America May 7, and with this cast : 



George Fielding . . . F. Robinson 
Thomas Robinson . . Chas. Fisher 
William Fielding . J. C. Williamson 
Little Savage . . Master McCormick 
Susan Merton , . Miss Henriques 
Mr. Meadows . . . Mark Smith 

Josephs Mary Barrett 

Evans Mr. Graham 

Terry Mr. Leonard 

Black Bill Mr. Barnes 



Ralph Mr. Wilson 

Sarah Miss Barrett 

Jackey A. W. Young 

Peter Crawley ... W. Holston 
Mr. Eden .... B. T. Ringgold 
Gable Girton .... Mr. Wilkinson 

Mr. Merton Mr. Pope 

Hitchen Mr. Ward 

Josh Mr. Cashin 

Isaac Levi John Gilbert 



The first version of " It's Never Too Late to Mend," by Charles 
Reade, was played at Drury Lane Theatre, London, under the title 
of " Gold/' on Jan. 10, 1853. The cast was: 



Geo. Sandford 
William Sandford 
Henry Winchester 
Isaac Levi . . . 



Mr. Davenport 
. . Moorhouse 
. . . Hughes 
Edward Stirling 



Tom Robinson 
Crawley . . 
Susan Merton 



Henry Wallack 

Chas. Selby 

. Fanny Vining 



The season closed June 9, and the summer term commenced June 
1 1, with Dan Bryant in " Born to Good Luck," and " Handy Andy." 
July 28 the theatre closed for rehearsal of " Shamus O'Brien, the 
Bould Boy of Glengall, or A Tale of '98," written by Thomas B. Mac- 
donough and Fred G. Maeder, and produced July 30 for the first 
time on any stage, and with this cast - 



1866;] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



261 



Shamus O'Brien "l 

Owney Dugan 1 

Denny Doyle [ ' 

Higheen O'LearyJ 

Sir Derry Downs 

Lieut. Lovell Kennedy, 

Miles O'Halloran 

Mrs. Kate O'Connor, Mrs. Mark Smith 



Dan Bryant 

, W. R. Floyd 
B. T. Ringgold 
W. J. Leonard 



Widow O'Brien 
Father Malone 
Col. Tarleton . 
Corney Ryan . 
Capt. Darcy . 
Darby the Blast 
Mary Kennedy 



Mrs. John Sefton 

Chas. Fisher 

Geo. Holland 

J. F. Hagan 

C. Williamson 

G. F. Browne 

Rosa Cooke 



The season of 1866-67 commenced Sept. 18. The company was 
composed of J. W. Wallack, John Gilbert, Geo. Holland, B. T. Ring- 
gold, J. S. Wright, C. H. Rockwell, Frederic Robinson, Charles 
Fisher, A. W. Young, W. H. Norton, J. C. Williamson, Geo. Browne, 
W. H. Pope, Mr. James, Roberts, W. J. Leonard, Lester Wallack, 
Madeline Henriques, Mrs. Vernon, Fanny Morant, Mrs. John Sefton, 
Fanny Green, Mary Gannon, Clara Jennings, lone Burke, Mary 
Barrett, Miss Carman, Mrs. and Miss Timony, Misses Day, Clarke, 
and Chapman. Edward Mollenhauer was leader of the orchestra ; 
John Gilbert, acting manager ; John Selwyn, stage director ; J. S. 
Wright, prompter ; and Theo. Moss, treasurer. " The Fast Family," 
an adaptation of Sardou's " Le Famille Benoiton," by Benj. Webster, 
was the initial play, and had this cast : 



Mons. Benoiton . 
Mons. Didier . . 
Francois . . . 
M. de Vicompte . 
Prudent Fomichel 
Blanche Didier . 



John Gilbert 

Chas. Fisher 

C. H. Rockwell 

F. Robinson 

. A. W. Young 

. M. Henriques 



Fanfan Benoiton . 
Rose Benoiton 
Camille Benoiton 
Clotide .... 
Adolphine . . . 
M. Fornichel . . 



. Ella Chapman 
Clara Jennings 
. Fanny Green 
. Fanny Morant 
Mrs. John Sefton 
. Geo. Holland 



This was Mr. Rockwell's first appearance here. Dr. Westland 
Marston's comedy, " The Favorite of Fortune," was first presented 
in America Oct. 8, and thus cast : 



Frank Annerly . 
Tom Sutherland . 
Mr. Fox Bromley 
Lucy Dorrington 
Hester Lorington 
Mrs. Lorington . 



Frederic Robinson 
Chas. Fisher 
. A. W. Young 
. Mary Gannon 
. M. Henriques 
. Fanny Morant 



Euphemia Witherby (first appear- 
ance here) . . Mrs. Sedley Brown 
Mrs. Witherby . . Mrs. John Sefton 
Camilla Price .... Fanny Green 
Major Price .... John Gilbert 



" The Fast Family " was repeated Oct. 10. H. J. Byron's comedy, 
" ;^ioo,ooo," was acted for the first time in America Oct. 22, and 
with this cast: 



Joe Barlow 
Mr. Fluker 
Pyefinch . . 
Gibbons . . 
Gerald Goodwin 
Mr. Pennythorne 



. . John Gilbert 
. . A. W. Young 
. J. C. Williamson 
. . W. H. Pope 
Frederic Robinson 
. . Chas. Fisher 



Sir Rumsey Waters 
Maj. Blackshaw 
Mrs. Barlow . 
Alice Barlow . 
Jane Plover 
Arabella Pell . 



, G. F. Browne 
W. H. Norton 
, Mrs. Vernon 
. M. Henriques 
. Mary Barrett 
Mary Green 



262 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D867 



A musical matinee was given Oct. 30, when Mme. Marietta 
Gazzaniga, Adelaide Phillips, Sig. Anastasi, Herr Mollenhauer (vio- 
linist), and Geo. W. Colby appeared. Nov. 5 " The Rivals " was 
played, with the first appearance this season of B. T. Ringgold. 
The comedy had this cast : 



Sir Anthony Absolute . John Gilbert 
Capt. Absolute . Frederic Robinson 
Sir Lucius O'Trigger . W. H, Norton 

Acres Chas. Fisher 

Faulkland .... B. T. Ringgold 

David Geo. Holland 

Fag A. W. Young 



Thomas Mrs. Pope 

Boy Mr. Cashin 

Lydia .... Mrs. Sedley Brown 

Julia Madeline Henriques 

Mrs. Malaprop . . . Mrs. Vernon 
Lucy Mrs. John Sefton 



Mme. Gazzaniga gave a second and last matinde Nov. 7. " The 
Double Gallant" was acted Nov. 12. "Dreams of Delusion" and 
"Rural Felicity" was the programme Nov. 24. "Married Life," 
Nov. 27; "Dreams of Delusion" and "Poor Gentleman," Dec. i. 
Lester Wallack first appeared this season Dec. 3 as Young Marlowe 
in "She Stoops to Conquer;" "The Wonder" was seen Dec. 4; 
Dec. S, "Central Park;" Dec. 10, "To Marry or Not to Marry" 
and "Rural Felicity;" Dec. 11, "Irish Heiress;" Dec. 12, " She 
Stoops to Conquer ;" Dec. 15, "To Marry or Not to Marry" and 
"Deaf as a Post." "Ours," T. W. Robertson's comedy, with 
Artemus Ward as joint author for copyright purposes only, was 
seen for the first time in America Dec. 19, with this cast : 



Bradley .... 
Benson .... 
Hugh Chalcote . 
Angus McAllister 
Sir Alex. Shendryn 



. W. H. Pope 

. . Mr. Ward 

Lester Wallack 

B. T. Ringgold 

John Gilbert 



Prince Perovsky 
Sergeant Jones 
Blanche Haye 
Lady Shendryn 
May Netley 



Chas. Fisher 
. W. H. Norton 
Miss Henriques 
. Fanny Morant 
. Mary Gannon 



Jan. 21, 1867, a benefit was given for the families of the seamen 
who were lost in the ocean yacht race. " A Dangerous Game," an 
adaptation of Sardou's " Nos Bon Villageois," by A. W. Young, was 
given Feb. 4, with this cast : 



Gringoire .... George Holland 

Floupin A. W. Young 

Mons. Boutille . . . . T. Graham 

Dr. Piver T. Ward 

Courtcuisse E. Cashin 

Jean W. H. Pope 

Baron De Villepreux 

Jas. W. Wallack, Jr. 
Monsieur Morrison . . John Gilbert 
Henri Morrison . Frederic Robinson 



Mons. Grandmeul . W. J. Leonard 
Madame Boutille . . Mrs. Timony 
Tetillard . . . . J. C. Williamson 

Genevieve M. Henriques 

Pauline Clara Jennings 

Mariotte .... Miss M. Barrett 

Maguelon Fanny Green 

Yveline Miss M. Scott 

Perrette Miss Day 



The Southern Relief Association had a matinde benefit March 2, 
and " Ours " was acted. Watts Phillips' new comedy, " Invest- 
ment," was seen March 5, with this cast: 



18673 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



263 



Sir Arthur Plynlimmon, J. W. Wallack 
Mr. Jonathan Garroway . C. Fisher 
Sir Paul Pantile . . . Geb. Holland 
Owen Percival . . B. T. Ringgold 
Alderman Fungus . . G. F. Browne 
Blanche Plynlimmon, Clara Jennings 



William Kite . . . . A. W. Young 

Flimsey J. C. Williamson 

Transfer W. J. Leonard 

Mrs. Chicane . . . Fanny Morant 

Tawdry Mrs. John Sefton 

Jane Mrs. Timony 



" Henry Dunbar, or the Outcast," was revived March 12. A 
concert was given March 16 by Parepa-Rosa, Carl Rosa, W. J. Hill, 
Sig. Fosati, Herr Honig, and Wm. Dressier. John Gilbert offered 
"The Fast Family" for his benefit March 18; Mary Gannon pre- 
sented "Paul Pry" and "Rural Felicity" March 20; for his benefit, 
March 22, Chas. Fisher gave " The Wife's Secret ; " for Madeline 
Henriques' benefit, March 25, "Masks and Faces" was done, with 
this cast : 



Colley Cibber ... Geo. Browne 
Hernsdown . . . W. J. Leonard 

CoUander T. Graham 

James Burdock ... W. H. Pope 

Call Boy E. Cashin 

Pompey . . . Master McCormack 
Mabel Vane . . . Clara Jennings 

Kitty Clive Mary Barrett 

Maid Miss Carman 



Sir Charles Pomander, B. T. Ringgold 
Lysimachus Triplet, Miss E. Le Brun 
Peg WofBngton , . . M. Henriques 
Mrs. Triplet . . . Miss F. Green 
Roxalana . . Miss D. McCormack 

Triplet Chas. Fisher 

Quin Geo. Holland 

Ernest Vane ... W. H. Norton 

Snarl A. W. Young 

Soaper J- C. Williamson 

Frederic Robinson acted Sir Giles Overreach in " A New Way to 
Pay Old Debts," March 27, for his " appeal." Fanny Morant had a 
benefit March 29, and played Mrs. Ormsby Delmaine in "The 
Serious Family ; " " High Life Below Stairs " was also given. Geo. 
Holland took his benefit April i, when " Paul Pry" and "The 
Secret " were acted. Boucicault's " Hunted Down, or the Two 
Lives of Mary Leigh," was seen April 2 for the first time in 
America, and with this cast: 



Porter T. Ward 

Roberts E. Cashin 

Clara Clara Jennings 

Fanny Miss M. Barrett 

John Leigh . . Frederic Robinson 
Rawton Scudamore . . Chas. Fisher 



Lady Glencarrig . . . Fanny Morant 
Mary Leigh . . . . M. Henriques 

Eliza Miss M. Scott 

Jane Mrs. Timony 

Willie . . . Miss Emma Le Brun 
Maud . . . Miss D. McCormack 



"The Laughing Hyena" was given the same night. Clara 
Jennings, for her benefit, April 3, played Mrs. Charles Bromley in 
" Simpson & Co.," and Emily Worthington in " The Poor Gentle- 
man." A. W. Young acted Billy Lackaday and sang "Sure, 
Mortal Man was Born for Sorrow," in " Sweethearts and Wives," for 
his benefit, April 5. " Americans in Paris " was also acted. " An 
Unequal Match " and " Simpson & Co." were played April 8 for 
Mrs. John Sefton's benefit. Madeline Henriques took her "fare- 
well " April 20, as Peg Woffington in " Masks and Faces." This 



264 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisey 



was announced as her last appearance on the stage, but she 
reappeared here in September, 1869. Boucicault's "Flying Scud, 
or a Four- Legged Fortune," was first acted April 24, and with this 
cast: 



Tom Meredith . Frederic Robinson 
Capt. Grindley Goodge, B. T. Ringgold 



Colonel Mulligan 
Bob Buckskin 
Fred Lanaghan 
Julia Latimer . 
Lady Woodbie 
Sam Wobbler . 
Mo Davis . . 
Nat Gosling . 
Lord Woodbie 
Quail . . . 
Chouser . . 
Dorling . . . 



W. H. Norton 

J. C. Williamson 

. Miss Talfourd 

Clara Jennings 

Mrs. John Sefton 

. Joseph Curran 

Charles Fisher 

. A. W. Young 

. Mary Barrett 

. G. F. Browne 

. W. J. Leonard 

Mr. Graham 



Tittums Mr. Ward 

Jenkins W. H. Pope 

Bailiff Mr. Roberts 

Dicky Brush E. Cashin 

Neb Compo .... Fanny Green 

Harry Stofel Miss Scott 

Jim Titler Miss Day 

Hall Hoffer . . . Mrs. M. Timony 
Tom Butler . . . Miss Williams 

Jack Lyle Miss Clark 

Joe Hiram Miss Timony 

Jerry Lemon .... Miss Graham 
Tony Grimsaw . . . Miss Thomas 
Katey Rideout . . . Agnes Elliott 



This was Agnes Elliott's American debut. This sporting drama 
closed the season June 8. Agnes Elliott retired from the stage and 
married John W. Keller, a gentleman connected with the New York 
press, and also Commissioner of Charities and Correction. Dan 
Bryant began a summer season June 10, during which " The Irish 
Emigrant," " Handy Andy," " Born to Good Luck," " How to Pay 
the Rent,'' "Barney, the Baron," " Shamus O'Brien," and "The 
Bells of Shandon " were played. This last drama was written for 
him by John Brougham and Henry L. Morford. Bryant closed his 
engagement July 27, and was followed July 29 by Lotta. 

Charlotte Crabtree (Lotta) had been engaged by Clifton W. 
Tayleure. The following account of her appearance was given to 
me by Mr. Tayleure : 

"Lotta had no specialty, and selected as the opening bill 'The Pet of the 
Petticoats ' and the farce of ' Family Jars.' In both pieces she played the banjo 
and danced a jig. ' Little Nell,' a dramatization of ' Old Curiosity Shop,' by 
John Brougham, was first acted Aug. 14. Lotta played the title r61e. Edward 
Coleman was the Quilp; J. C. Williamson, Dick SwiveUer; W. J. Leonard, Brass; 
and Mrs. E. C. Winter, Mrs. Quilp. The engagement lasted seven weeks (ter- 
minating Sept. 12), and was broken off to receipts averaging nearly $1,100 each 
performance. Lotta realized for her share about |io,ooo. Matindes were not in 
order in 1867. The two matindes a week custom of the present time would then 
have paid her, upon the usual terms, nearly $6,000 more. The understanding 
was that the engagement, which was simply verbal, should continue for two 
years. For personal reasons I was extremely anxious to terminate it at the end 
of the New York term. One afternoon I hastened to the little house on Amity 
street which Lotta had recently purchased for a residence, to interview her upon 
the subject. To my astonishment, and equally to my delight, the little lady met 
my opening hint with the laughing assertion that she had looked upon the two 
years ' suggestion ' simply as a joke of mine, and had made other arrangements. 
She does not to this hour know that I was prepared to pay very liberally for 
a release from that ' joke.' " 



1867] 



WALLACE'S THEATRE 



265 



The regular season of 1867-68 commenced Sept. 25, with the 
following company: Lester Wallack, John Gilbert, Jas. W. Wal- 
lack, Mark Smith, J. H. Stoddart, Geo. Holland, Charles Fisher, 
J. B. Polk, J. C. Williamson, G. F. Browne, W. H. Pope, A. W. 
Young, Chas. H. Rockwell, B. T. Ringgold, W. J. Leonard, T. 
Ward, J. Curran, C. Sherman, E. Cashin, J. S. Wright, B. Durand, 
Mrs. Clara Jennings, Mrs. Vernon, Mrs. Wm. Winter, Mrs. John 
Sefton, Mary Gannon, Annie Ward (now Tiffany), Emily Mes- 
tayer, Fanny Morant, Mary Scott, Fanny Green, Mary Barrett, 
Jennie Day, T. Timony, Carman, Homer, Monell, Kate Ranoe. 
Thos. Baker, musical director; John Gilbert, acting manager; J. G. 
Hanley, stage director; J. S. Wright, prompter; Theo. Moss, 
treasurer. The following was the opening bill : " Meg's Diver- 
sion," and Burnand's burlesque, "The Latest Edition of Black- 
Eyed Susan, or the Little Bill that Was Taken Up," both of which 
were produced for the first time in America. " Meg's Diversion " 
was cast as follows : 

Jeremy Crow .... John Gilbert Margaret .... Clara Jennings 

Ashley Merton . . B. T. Ringgold Cornelia .... Mrs. W. Winter 

Jasper Pidgeon . . . A. W. Young Mrs. Netwold .... Annie Ward 
Roland Pidgeon . . . . J. B. Polk 

This was J. B. Polk's debut at this theatre. In the burlesque 
Kate Ranoe made her American d6but, and the cast was : 



William Kate Ranoe 

Capt. Crosstree . . . Mark Smith 
Doggrass .... George Holland 
Hatchett G. F. Browne 



Shaun Ploughshare J. C. Williamson 
Black Eyed Susan . . Mary Gannon 
Dolly Mayflower - . . Fanny Green 
Raker Mary Barrett 



Oct. 14 " The Rent Day " and the petite comedy, " 40 and 50," 
were played. E. L. Davenport and Fanny Morant appeared Oct. 
21 in "Still Waters Run Deep." Rose Eytinge made her first 
appearance Oct. 28, as Margaret Wentworth in " Henry Dunbar." 
"A New Way to Pay Old Debts," Nov. i, introduced for the first 
time in this theatre J. H. Stoddart as Marrall. "The Honeymoon " 
was given Nov. 7, and " Belle's Stratagem " was seen Nov. 14. 
Watts Phillips' new play, " Maud's Peril," was given for the first 
time in New York Nov. 25, and with this cast: 

Toby Taperloy . James W. Wallack James Burrell . . . G. F. Browne 
Sir Ralph Challoner . J. H. Stoddart Susan Taperloy . . Mrs. John Sefton 
Gerald Gwynn . . B. T. Ringgold 

" Dr. Dilworth," by John Oxenford, was seen Dec. 4, with this 
cast: 

Mr. Paddington . . . G. W. Browne 
Second Officer .... Mr. White 
Mrs. Dilworth . . . Mrs. Vernon 
Zoe Miss Ranoe 



Dr. Dilworth .... John Gilbert 

Syntax Mr. Young 

First Officer Mr. Ward 

Terentius O'Loughlin, J. C. Williamson 



266 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D868 



"Town and Country" had this cast Dec. 9, being the first time it 
was acted here in five years : 



Reuben Glenroy 
Jerry Hawbuck 
Rosalie Somers 
Goody Hawbuck 
Cosey . . . 
Trot .... 
Capt. Glenroy 
Plastic . . . 
Owen Glenroy 
Armstrong . . 



J. W. Wallack 

A. W. Young 

Clara Jennings 

Miss Carman 

John Gilbert 

Mark Smith 

. J. B. Polk 

B. T. Ringgold 

W. J. Leonard 

. W. H. Pope 



Ross . . . 
Williams 
Evans . . 
Robin . . 
Dwindle 
Waiter . . 
Mrs. Glenroy 
Mrs. Moreen 
Mrs. Trot . 
Taffline . . 



Fagin J. W. Wallack Charley E. Cashin 

Bill Sikes . . . . E. L. Davenport Policeman G. White 

Oliver Twist .... Mary Barrett Tailor W. H. Pope 

Bumble Geo. Holland Barney B. Durand 

Brownlow G. F. Browne Officer C. Sherman 

Monks C. H. Rockwell Nancy Sikes .... Rose Eytinge 

Artful Dodger ... A. W. Young Mrs. Corney .... Mrs. Vernon 

Fang J. C. Williamson Rose Maylie Mary Scott 

Noah Claypole Leonard Mrs. Baldwin .... Miss Carman 

Vellum T. Ward Charlotte .... Mrs. T. Timony 

Toby Crackett . . E. M. Holland Susan Mrs. Monell 

Butcher Boy J. Curran 

Lester Wallack, after an absence of twelve months, appeared Jan. 
13, 1868, as Viscount de Ligny in "The Captain of the Watch," 
and in " Woodcock's Little Game " (produced for the first time in 
this theatre). " Ours " was revived Jan. 27, and cast as follows : 



George Browne 

E. Milton Holland 

. T. Ward 

. E. Cashin 

. G. White 

. B. Durand 

Fanny Morant 

Mrs. Vernon 

Mrs. John Sefton 

. . Mary Scott 



Hugh Chalcote . . Lester Wallack 
Col. Sir Alexander Shendryn 

John Gilbert 
Lieut. Angus McAllister 

B. T. Ringgold 
The Prince Perovsky . . J.B.Polk 
Major Samprey . . . W. J. Leonard 



Lady Shendryn 
Sergeant Jones 
Bradley . . . 
Benson . . . 
Mary Netley . 
Blanche Haye . 
Ellen . . . 



Fanny Morant 

A. W. Young 

W. H. Pope 

. T. J. Ward 

Mary Gannon 

Kate Ranoe 

. Mary Scott 



This was Mary Gannon's last appearance on the stage. 
"Pauline" was revived Feb. 11, with Lester Wallack as Count 
Horace de Beauval, Rose Eytinge as Pauline, and Kate Ranoe 
as Gabrielle. " Rosedale " was revived March 9. 

April 6 J. W. Wallack and E. L. Davenport reappeared in 
"Oliver Twist;" "The Honeymoon" was played April 13 with 
J. W. Wallack as Duke Aranza, E. L. Davenport as Rolando, and 
Rose Eytinge as Juliana. "The Belle's Stratagem" was given 
April 14 with J. W. Wallack as Doricourt, Davenport as Flutter, 
John Gilbert as Hardy, and Rose Eytinge as Letitia Hardy ; " Still 
Waters Run Deep," April 15: J. W. Wallack as John Mildmay, 



1868;] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



267 



E. L. Davenport as Capt. Hawksley, Fanny Morant as Mrs. Stern- 
hold, and Kate Ranoe as Mrs. Mildmay. Charles Fisher made 
his first appearance this season April 20, as the Major in " Henry 
Dunbar." J. W. Wallack played Henry Dunbar. "Love's Sac- 
rifice" was played April 30; May i, "The Rivals;" May 6, "Town 
and Country ; " May 11" Masks and Faces " was acted, with Rose 
Eytinge as the heroine. 

"Town and Country" was given May 12; "The White Cock- 
ade" was seen May 14 for the first time, and with this cast: 



Sir Andrew Silverton J. W. Wallack 
Capt. Hector Kilruddock 

B. T. Ringgold 
Sergt. GufEoge . . J. C. Williamson 
Sir Wm. Ashford . W. J. Leonard 
Corporal Weatherspoon B. Durand 
Isabel Ashford . . Clara Jennings 



Enoch Flicker 
Evan Mcjan . 
Cyril Silverton 
Chasseloup . . 
Highland Kate 
Hanover Bess . 
Jessie McLeod 



J. H. Stoddart 
Chas. Fisher 
. J. B. Polk 
Jas. McGee 
Kate Ranoe 
Annie Ward 
Mary Barrett 



" The Stranger " was played June i for the first time in four 
years. Clara Fisher made her first appearance here as Annette, 
Rose Eytinge was Mrs. Haller, and J. W. Wallack, the Stranger. 
The season closed June 6. 

A summer term began June 8 under the direction of Theo. Moss. 
Brougham's " Lottery of Life " was presented for the first time, and 
with this cast: 



Terry John Brougham 

Bob IVtawley . . . Edward Lamb 
Sir Wm. Downe . . . . T. J. Hind 
Oil Tommy .... B. T. Ringgold 

Dodgers W. J. Leonard 

Dummy Dennis .... J. Quigley 

DufEy E. Cashin 

Hawkeye E. Menturn 

Sam G. White 

Mordie Solomons . . Chas. Fisher 



Robert Mordaunt . C. H. Rockwell 

Frank James McGee 

Polly EfRe Germon 

Miss Tartar .... Fanny Morant 

Judy George Holland 

Emily Miss M. Barrett 

Marx Miss F. Carman 

Biddy Miss C. Carman 

Lucy Miss E. Monell 

Jenny Miss J. Day 



Lotta commenced on Aug. 10 in the new drama, by Edmund 
Falconer, "Fire Fly, or the Fiend of the Flag": 



Fire Fly . 

Harold Cecil 

Rake . . . 

Sadrick Levi 

Beauchamp 

Millbank 

The Duke of Lyonnaise 



. . . Lotta 
Chas. Fisher 
E. Lamb 
T. McWade 
W. J. Leonard 
W. H. Pope 



Berkley Cecil . 
Ben Arslan . . 
Col. Chateauroy 



B. T. Ringgold 

C. H. Rockwell 
George Holland 
Theo. Hamilton 



Marshal McDonald . . . T. J. Hind 
Marquise de Renardire, Mary Barrett 

Venetia Laura Phillips 

Barbe Grise H. George 

Arab Sheik . . . . L. J. Williams 

1st Arab P. H. Wilson 

Officer H. Jacobs 

Orderly J. McGee 

Aide-de-camp .... J. F. Quigley 
Tata Leroux J. T. Ward 



"Little Nell and the Marchioness" was given Sept. 6 with 
Lotta as the two heroines, and Chas. Fisher as Dick Swiveller. 



268 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cises 



The next regular season opened Sept. 23. The company con- 
sisted of J. W. Wallack, Charles Fisher, A. W. Young, J. B. 
Polk, J. L. Matthews, Geo. F. Browne, C. H. Rockwell, W. J. 
Leonard, E. Cashin, J. Curran, John Gilbert, J. H. Stoddart, J. 
G. Hanley, Geo. Holland, B. T. Ringgold, J. S. Wright, E. M. 
Holland, J. Sherman, T. Ward, B. Durand, Lester Wallack, Rose 
Eytinge, Mrs. Vernon, Clara Jennings, Emily Mestayer, Annie 
Ward Tiffany, Mrs. Sedley Brown, Fanny Green, Mrs. John Sefton, 
Mary Barrett, Misses Carman, Clayton, A. Clarke, J. Engel, E. 
Monell, Jenny Day, and Mrs. Timony. " Simon Bernard " was 
given, with this cast: 

Corporal . . . E. Milton Holland 
Mary Betrand . . Mrs. E. Fisher 

Luzanne Fanny Green 

Lizette Miss E. Monell 



Simon Bernard 
Crux . . . 
George Bernard 
Matthew Dorvel 



. J. W. Wallack 
. Charles Fisher 
B. T. Ringgold 
. G. F. Browne 



This was Mrs. E. Fisher's first appearance here. ' 
Life " was also played this night, and was thus cast: 



Dearer than 



Michael Garner .... J. Gilbert 
Uncle Ben .... J. H. Stoddart 
Bob Gasset . . . . A. W. Young 
Old Bolter (first appearance 

here) J. L. Matthews 

Mr. Kedgely . . . . W. J. Leonard 
Mr. Armstrong .... J. Sherman 



Mrs. Garner (first appear- 
ance here) . . . Emily Mestayer 
Mrs. Bridget Pellet, Annie Ward Tiffany 
Mrs. Mingle . . . Miss E. Carman 
Charley Garner .... J. B. Polk 

Lucy Clara Jennings 

Mrs. Chigley . . . Miss E. Monell 



"Love's Sacrifice" was presented Oct. 8, with Rose Eytinge as 
Margaret Elmore, J. W. Wallack as Mathew Elmore, Chas. Fisher 
as Paul Lafont, and Clara Jennings as Herminie. "Masks and 
Faces " was done Oct. i; "The Stranger," Oct. 13. "The Lan- 
cashire Lass " was first acted Oct. 26, and had this cast : 



Kate Garston . . . Clara Jennings 
Fanny Danville . Mrs. Sedley Brown 
Mr. Danville . . . . C. H. Rockwell 

Kirby G. F. Browne 

Milder J. L. Matthews 

Ruth Kirby .... Rose Eytinge 



A Party by the Name of 

Johnson . . . . J. W. Wallack 
Robert Redburn . . Chas. Fisher 

Jellick Geo. Holland 

Spotty A. W. Young 

Neb Clayton J. B. Polk 

Sergeant Donovan . . W. J. Leonard 

Lester Wallack made his first appearance this season Dec. 14, in 
" Two Can Play at That Game, " which, acted for the first time here, 
had this cast : 

Howard Leslie . . . Lester Wallack I Charles Arundel . . B. T. Ringgold 
Lucy Clara Jennings | 

"Follies of a Night " was done the same night, with this cast: 

Mile. Duval . . 
Count De Brissac 
Pierre Palliott . 



Mary Barrett 
E. M. Holland 
Lester Wallack 



Dr. Druggendraft . 
Duchess de Chartres 
Duke de Chartres . 



, John Gilbert 

Rose Eytinge 

. Chas. Fisher 



1869] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



269 



"Speed the Plough" was presented Dec. 15, and thus cast: 



Bob Handy . . 
Sir Abel Handy- 
Farmer Ashfield 
Henry .... 
Morrington . . 
Gerald . . . 



Lester Wallack 
. .J. Gilbert 
. G. Holland 

B. T. Ringgold 

C. H. Rockwell 
John L. Matthews 



Sir Philip Blandford 
Miss Blandford 
Evergreen . . . 
Dame Ashfield 
Susan . . . 
Lucy Handy 



. . Chas. Fisher 
Mary Barrett 
. . Geo. F. Browne 
. . . Mrs. Vernon 
Annie Ward Tiffany 
. . Mrs. J. Sefton 



" Captain of the Watch," "Woodcock's Little Game," " Two Can 
Play at That Game," "The Wonder," and "Follies of a Night" 
were played until Dec. 28, when "Money" was given with this 
cast: 



Dudley Smooth . . . . J. B. Polk 
Sir Frederick . . . B. T. Ringgold 
Servant to Sir John . . . T. Ward 
Servant to Evelyn .... J. Curran 

Stout John Gilbert 

Graves Chas. Fisher 

Alfred Evelyn . . . Lester Wallack 



Lord Glossmore 
Clara Douglass 
Lady Franklin . 
Georgina Vesey 
Sir John . . . 
Sharpe . . . 



. C. H. Rockwell 
Clara Jennings 
. Emily Mestayer 
Mrs. Sedley Brown 
. John Matthews 
. Geo. F. Browne 



The theatre closed Jan. 30, 1869, for a rehearsal of "Much Ado 



About Nothing," presented Feb. 
Benedick .... Lester Wallack 



Dogberry 
Leonato 
Verges . 
Don Pedro 
Don John 
Claudio . 
Antonio . 



. John Gilbert 
Charles Fisher 
J. H. Stoddart 
. . J. B. Polk 
C. H. Rockwell 
B. T. Ringgold 
G. F. Browne 



I, with this cast : 

Borachio J. L. Matthews 

Margaret . . . Mrs. Sedley Brown 
Conrade . . . . E. Milton Holland 
The Friar .... W. J. Leonard 

The Sexton E. Cashin 

Beatrice^ Rose Eytinge 

Hero Clara Jennings 

Ursula . . . Annie Ward Tiffany 



Incidental to the second act the madrigal, " Sigh No More, Ladies," 
sung by Carrie Spier, Mrs. L. Dallimore, W. Dallimore, G. How- 
ard, and H. HoUoway. The comedy was played continuously for 
seven weeks. During its "run" Rose Eytinge was ill for a few 
nights, and Clara Jennings played Beatrice, March 13. 

"School" was first acted in this country here March 15, and 
had this cast : 



James E. Cashin 

Noami Tighe .... Effie Germon 

Bella Clara Jennings 

Mrs. Sutcliffe .... Mrs. Vernon 



Jack Poyntz . . . Lester Wallack 
Dr. Sutcliffe .... John Gilbert 
Beau Farintosh . . . . C. Fisher 
Mr. Krux .... J. H. Stoddart 
Lord Beaufoy . . . Owen Marlowe 

Mrs. Vernon made her last 
theatre April 5, 1869, as Mrs. 
stage until May i. 

"Caste" was acted May 3, for the first time here 



appearance on the stage at this 
Sutcliffe. "School" kept the 



Hon. George d'AIroy . Chas. Fisher 
Sam Gerridge . . . . A. W. Young 
Capt. Hawtree . . . Owen Marlowe 
Marquise de St. Maur, Emily Mestayer 



Eccles . . 
Esther Eccles 
Polly Eccles 



J. H. Stoddart 
. Rose Eytinge 
. Effie Germon 



2/0 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1869 



It was played for one month. The season closed on June 4. 

"Old Mother Hubbard, or Harlequin Bo Peep and Boy Blue," 
was the attraction for the summer season, which began June 5 under 
the direction of the Lauri Pantomime company. It had this cast : 



Boy Blue Rose Massey 

Bo Peep EfiSe Germon 

Pipsy Emily Lewis 

Wipsy Miss E. Geddes 

Fairy Queen .... Lizzie Mahon 
Virtuous Rustic . . E. M. Holland 
Mother Hubbard . . . Henri Lauri 



Betsy Jane . 
Baron Wolf 
Chickaleary . 
Her Dog 
Her Monkey 
Her Cat . . 



Fanny Prestige 
. . G. Beckett 
Graham Elliott 
. Charles Lauri 
Edward Lauri 
Master Martinetti 



HARLEQUINADE. 

Harlequin John Lauri I Policeman Edward Lauri 

Clown Charles Lauri Columbine Mile. Lauri 

Pantaloon Henri Lauri | 



The burlesque of " Coralline " followed June 26 for one week, 
and was succeeded July 5 by the Selwyn dramatic and burlesque 
company, in "Dora" and "Black Eyed Susan." H. F. Daly, 
Frederic Robinson, C. H. Vandenhoff, Stuart Robson, Harry Pear- 
son, Lizzie Price, Kitty Blanchard (Mrs. McKee Rankin), and 
Jacobs were in the organization. " The Long Strike " was played 
June 26. W. R. Floyd, J. H. Stoddart, Ringgold, C. H. Morton, 
Matthews, Rockwell, Cashin, Porter, Curran, Leonard, Holland, 
Germon, Carman, and Clayton were in the cast. This was the 
debut here of C. H. Morton, and the first appearance of W. R. 
Floyd in two years. John E. Owens appeared Aug. 2 as Unit, in 
Mrs. H. L. Bateman's " Self. " " Self " was played for three weeks, 
and was followed by "Solon Shingle," "The Live Indian," and 
"The Victims." The season closed Sept. 11 with a matinee per- 
formance for the benefit of the family of J. G. Hanley, formerly 
stage manager here. 

The next regular season opened Sept. 15, i86g, with "The 
School for Scandal," which had this cast: 



Chas. Surface . . 
Sir Benjamin . . 
Sir Harry Bumper 
Lady Teazle 
Mrs. Candour . . 
Lady Sneer well 
Maria 



Sir Peter John Gilbert 

Joseph J. W. Wallack 

Sir Oliver Chas. Fisher 

Crabtree .... J. H. Stoddart 

Careless C. H. Rockwell 

Moses J. C. Williamson 

Trip E. M. Holland 

This was the debut here of Chas. Wyndham, and the first appear- 
ance in two years of Madeline Henriques. The first production in 
America of Robertson's comedy, "Progress," took place Sept. 27, 
with this cast : 



. Chas. Wyndham 

Owen Marlowe 

. . A. Mathison 

Madeline Henriques 

. Emily Mestayer 

. Mrs. J. Sefton 

Laura Phillips 



1870] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



271 



John Feme .... J. W. Wallack 

Dr. Brown John Gilbert 

Lord Mompesson .... W. Hield 
Hon. Arthur Mompesson . C. Fisher 
Mr. Bunnythome . . J. H. Stoddart 
Bob Bunnytliorne . J. C. Williamson 



Eva (her first appearance 

at this theatre) . . . Louisa Moore 
Mrs. Myrnie . . . Mrs. John Sefton 
Mr. Danley ... E. M. Holland 
Wykham .... W. J. Leonard 



Oct. II " An Unequal Match " was revived with Madeline 
Henriques as Hester Grazebrook. Charles Hale made his bow 
here as Sam Gerridge in "Caste," Oct. 12; "The School for 
Scandal " was done Oct. 13; "The Heir at Law" was played Oct. 
23; Nov. I, "Still Waters Run Deep;" Nov. 2, "The Heir at 
Law." "Home" was done Nov. 8 for the first time in America, 
and had this cast : 



Colonel John White . Lester Wallack 
Capt. MountrafEe . . J. H. Stoddart 
Bertie Thompson . . B. T. Ringgold 
Mrs. Pinchbeck . Madeline Henriques 



Lucy Dorrison 
Dora Thornbaugh 
Mr. Dorrison . . 



Effie Germon 

Laura Phillips 

John Gilbert 



"Home" was originally called "Across the Atlantic." Joseph 
Jefferson got it from T. W. Robertson, intending to produce it in 
this country. He put it in rehearsal at the Varieties Theatre, New 
Orleans, La., during the season of 1867, but being dissatisfied 
with the r61e of Col. White (which he was to play), he returned 
the play to Mr. Robertson with a draft for £100, and Mr. Robert- 
son, after slightly altering it, sold it to Edward A. Sothern, who 
produced it at the Haymarket, London. On Nov. 20, "Henry 
Dunbar " was revived ; Dec. 6 " The Wonder " was seen ; Dec. 7, 
"Captain of the Watch" and "Woodcock's Little Game;" Dec. 
13, " Ernestine " and " Trying It On ; " Dec. 23, " Wild Oats ; " and 
Dec. 27, "Central Park, or the House with Two Doors." 

Jan. 10, 1870, "Ours" was presented, with Louisa Moore as 
Blanche, originally played by her in London. Boucicault and 
Byron's drama, "Lost at Sea," was first acted in America Feb. 
28, and was thus cast: 



Mr. Franklyn Mr. Hield 

Walter Coram . . . J. W. Wallack 

Mr. Rawlings C. Fisher 

Jos. Jessop . . . . J. H. Stoddart 

Smyly EfEe Germon 

Griffiths .... E. M. Holland 
Farmer Green . . . J. F. Quigley 
Lord Alfred Colebrooke, Owen Marlowe 
Laura Franklyn . . . Laura Phillips 



McKay . . 
Bidder . . 
Dr. Thorpe 
Newsboy . 
Katey . . 
Mrs. Jessop 
Mrs. Pybus 
Miss Bruce 
Child . . 



. . . Leonard 
. . . Durand 
. . . Bowen 
. . Miss Rowe 
Miss M. Henriques 
. Mrs. J. Seiton 
Miss Fowler 
Miss Clayton 
Jennie Timony 



It was withdrawn April 6, and Tom Taylor's 
Old Acres" was acted, with this cast: 



'New Men and 



272 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [:i87o 



Mr. Vavasour 
Samuel Brown 
Mr. Bunter . . 
Seeker .... 
Gantry .... 
Bertie Fitz Urse . 
Berthold Blasenburg, 



C. H. Rockwell 
. J. W. Wallack 
. J. H. Stoddart 
E. M. Holland 
. . Mr. Peck 
B. T. Ringgold 
J. C. Williamson 



Lady Matilda Vavasour 

Emily Mestayer 
Lilian Vavasour . Miss M. Henriques 
Mrs. Bunter . . . Mrs. John Sefton 
Fanny Bunter . . . Laura Phillips 
Mrs. Brill Miss Rowe 



For the matinee April 16 Lester Wallack reappeared in "Ours." 
A special matinee performance occurred April 20 for the benefit 
of Mrs. Sedley Brown, when was acted " A Gentleman from Ire- 
land," with John Brougham as Gerald Fitzmaurice (his first ap- 
pearance in New York this season); Laura Phillips as Lucy; 
Edmund Falconer recited his own poem, "Anne Hathaway;" 
" The Robgh Diamond " followed, with John S. Clarke as Cousin 
Joe, Mrs. Sedley Brown as Margery, Owen Marlowe as William 
Evergreen, and T. J. Hind as Lord Plato; Clara Fisher sang; A. 
Sedgwick did a concertina solo, and the entertainment closed with 
" The Debutante " : Charles Wheatleigh as Mons. Achille, Blanche 
Gray as Arabella. 

May 6 " The Love Chase " and " Married Life " were presented ; 
May 9 Leicester Vernon's drama, "The Lancers," was given for 
the first time in America with this cast : 

Col. Frank Epee .... C. Fisher Estelle Duvernay . . Louisa Moore 

Blanquet . . . . . J. H. Stoddart Mme. d' Aplomb . . Emily Mestayer 

Eugene B. T. Ringgold Mme. Pomponne . Mrs. John Sefton 

Victor de Courcy . . C. Wyndham Jeanette Fanny Green 

Troop Sergt. Major Mustache 

J. C. Williamson 

May 23 " The Rent Day " and " Is He Jealous .' " were given ; 
May 24, 28, "The Love Chase;" May 25, 27, "Americans in 
Paris" and "Trying It On;" May 30, "The Honeymoon;" and 
May 31, "Married Life;" June i "Love's Sacrifice" was revived; 
June 3, "The Rent Day" and "Is He Jealous.? " matinee June 4, 
"Americans in Paris" and "Trying It On." The season closed 
evening June 4 with "Love's Sacrifice." June 6 John Brougham 
began a summer term under Theo. Moss' management, in "The 
Red Light, or the Signal of Danger," which had this cast: 



Edmund Macdermot, John Brougham 
Paul Maynard (first appearance 

here) C. W. Barry 

Dr. Bayne Chas. Fisher 

Jehoshaphat Sharkey . J. H. Stoddart 
John Steele (first appearance 

here) Joseph Sefton 



Martin W. J. Leonard 

Annie Steele Lizzie Price 

Lady Arlington . . . Annie Deland 
Mrs. Holmes . . . Emily Mestayer 

Servant J. Peck 

Mary Steele . . . Carrie Jamison 



A matinee performance was given June 7 for the benefit of 
Edmund Falconer, dramatist and actor. The bill consisted of the 



iSyo] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



273 



second act of "Hamlet," with Chas. Fechter as the Prince, John 
Brougham as Polonius, Falconer as the First Actor, Milnes Levick 
as the King, Mrs. Melinda Jones as Gertrude, and Carlotta Leclercq 
as Ophelia; "Customs of the Country," by Mrs. Barney Williams, 
Marion Mordaunt, John Jack, C. H. Vandenhoff , and Fred Maeder ; 
a scene from "As You Like It," by J. W. Wallack, George Clarke, 
Alex Fitzgerald, and James Dunn; a recitation, "Anne Hathaway," 
by Mr. Falconer, and "A Sheep in Wolf's Clothing." The last 
named was cast as follows: Percy Kirk, Milnes Levick; Lord 
Churchill, M. W. Haviland; Jasper Carew, L. R. Shewell; 
Kester Chedzoy, Robert Pateman; Corp. Flintoff, E. T. Sin- 
clair; John Hayland, M. Daly; Anne Carew, Carlotta Leclercq; 
Keziah Mapletop, Emma Skerrett. "Minnie's Luck, or the Ups 
and Downs of City Life," by Brougham, written for Leona Cav- 
ender, was first acted June 27, and had this cast : 



Horatio Pryer . . 
Melchezedeck Moggs, 
Barney O'Flynn . . 
Clara Willoughby 
Mrs. Horatio Pryer - 
Mrs. Willoughby 
Cleopatra . . 
Lawyer Goodwin 
Philip Wrexford 
Inkey Dick 



John Brougham 

J. H. Stoddart 

. Joseph Sefton 

Leona Cavender 

. Annie Deland 

Emily Mestayer 

Marion Mordaunt 

. . C. Fisher 

. C. W. Barry 

Lizzie Price 



Comey Ryan Leonard 



Mike Mulligan Quigley 

Denis Doolan Blankman 

Bart HoUigan Josans 

Mat Maguffin Williams 

Hans Wiegleman . , . Gambring 

Matthew Peck 

Patrick Curran 

The Kitten .... Miss Fowler 

Jane Miss Hayden 

Bridget Miss Rowe 



Leona Cavender closed July 9, and was followed July 11 by 
Joseph K. Emmet, who began his first New York engagement as 
a dramatic star. He was under engagement to Charles Gayler, 
who wrote a play for him called "Fritz, Our Cousin German." 
It had the following cast: Col. Crafton, Chas. Fisher; Robbit, 
B. T. Ringgold; Bloker, J. C. Williamson; Smasher, W. J. 
Leonard ; Adolphus Jenkins, E. M. Holland ; Judge Griffin, J. C. 
Padgett ; Lawyer Grim, Charles Rockwell ; Emmet as Fritz Van- 
derblinkinsloffen, Minnie Maddern as Little Fritz, Georgie Langley 
as Katrina, Gussie Chambers as Moppy, and Emily Mestayer as 
Metzler. 

The season of 1870-71 commenced Sept. 20. The company was 
John Brougham, John Gilbert, George Clarke, Chas. Fisher, J. H. 
Stoddart, Owen Marlowe, B. T. Ringgold, Chas. Rockwell, J. C. 
Wiliamson, M. Lanagan, W. J. Leonard, J. Curran, E. M. Hol- 
land, J. Peck, Lester Wallack, Madeline Henriques, Effie Germon, 
Mrs. John Sefton, Annie Deland, Mrs. Thomas Barry, Emily 
Mestayer, Helen Tracy, Flora Clayton, the Misses Rowe, McCor- 
mack, James Fowler, Hayden, and Blaisdell. " The Rivals " was 
given for the opening bill of the season with this cast : 

VOL. II. — 18 



274 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D871 



Sir Anthony Absolute . John Gilbert 
Capt. Absolute (first appearance 

here) Geo. Clarke 

Lydia Languish . Madeline Henriques 
Mrs. Malaprop . . Emily Mestayer 
Julia (first appearance at this 

theatre) Helen Tracy 



Faulkland 
Boy . . 
Lucy . . 
Sir Lucius 
Acres 
David 
Fag . . 



B. T. Ringgold 

. Master Heme 

. Annie Deland 

John Brougham 

J. H. Stoddart 

J. C. Williamson 

E. M. Holland 



'The Two Roses," was produced Oct. 



James Alberry's comedy, 
10, and thus cast: 

Our Mr. Jenkins . . . J. H. Stoddart 
Ida (first appearance in this 

city) .... Mrs. Thomas Barry 
Furnival (first appearance 

here) M. Lanagan 

Mrs. Jenkins . . . Emily Mestayer 

This play proving a failure, gave place, Nov. 2 to " The Serious 
Family, " with this cast : 



Mrs. Cupps 
Digby Grant 
John Wyatt 
Caleb . . 
Lottie . . 



Mrs. John Sefton 

. Chas. Fisher 

Geo. Clarke 

Owen Marlowe 

. EfiSe Germon 



Capt. Murphy Maguire 

John Brougham 
Chas. Torrens . . . George Clarke 
Aminadab Sleek . . . J. H. Stoddart 
Widow Dalmaine, Madeline Henriques 



Lady Sowerby Creamley 

Mrs. John Sefton 
Mrs. Chas. Torrens, Mrs. Thos. Barry 

Frank C. Rockwell 

Emma Helen Tracy 



Mme. Seebach gave a matinee performance, Nov. 5 of "Adri- 
enne Lecouvreur;" "The Road to Ruin" was done Nov. 14; Nov. 
21, " The School for Scandal ; " and Nov. 28, " Caste. " The comedy, 
" croquettes," was acted for the first time in America Dec. 7. It 
was originally produced in England as "The Two Thorns;" the 
cast here was : 



Sir Kid Parkhouse 
Arthur Minton 
Bates Curling . . 
Frank Parkhouse 
Mrs. Minton . . 
Lord Leyton . . 
Adolphus . . . 
Jones .... 



. . E. Coleman 

John Brougham 

B. T. Ringgold 

Chas. Rockwell 

Miss Henriques 

M. Lanagan 

Chas. Fisher 

Owen Marlowe 



Servant J. Peck 

Charmian Miss Hayden 

Mrs. Crome .... Miss Fowler 

Lillian Helen Tracy 

Fanny Effie Germon 

Gardner J- F. Quigley 

Rogers W. J. Leonard 



It was a failure, and was shelved Dec. 27 and the old comedies 
resumed. "The Heir at Law" was given Dec. 27. "War" (T. 
W. Robertson's play) was first acted in this country Jan. 3, 1871, 
and had this cast : 



Col. de Rochevannes 
Herr Karl Hartmann 
Lotte Hartmann . . 



Chas. Fisher 

John Gilbert 

Miss Henriques 



Oscar Geo. Clarke 

Capt. Sound . . . John Brougham 
Blanche Helen Tracy 



Lester Wallack's first appearance this season was made Jan. 16 
as Ruy Gomez in "Faint Heart Never Won Fair Lady," and Sir 
Charles Coldstream in " Used Up. " This little comedy was first 



1871:1 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



275 



produced by William Mitchell at the Old Olympic, in 1846, Charles 
Walcot playing Sir Charles as it never has since been played in 
this country, excepting, of course, by Mr. Charles Mathews. 

Jan. 19 a benefit matinee performance was given for the widow 
and children of George Holland. " The Clandestine Marriage " 
was played Feb. 4. Geo. Clarke retired from the theatre Feb. 8. 
"Home" was revived Feb. 21, and "Blue Devils" was given the 
same night ; March 2 " Romance and Reality " was presented with 
M. Lanagan as Oliver; John Gilbert, Asper; Owen Marlowe, 
Frank Meredith; Brougham, Jack Swift; Mrs. Thos. Barry, 
Rosabel; Emily Mestayer, Barbara, and Effie Germon, Blossom. 
Robertson's comedy, "Birth," was first acted in this country 
March 27, and had this cast: 

Earle of Eagledyffe . . . C. Fisher Adeliza Stormont . . Helen Tracy 

The Duke . . . . J. C. Williamson Sara Hewitt . . . Mrs. Thos. Barry 

Stanton W. J. Leonard Jack Randall . . . Lester Wallack 

Paul Hewitt ... B. T. Ringgold 

"The Nervous Man " was produced April i, with this cast: 

Aspen John Gilbert McShane .... John Brougham 

Capt. Burnish . . . C. Rockwell Vivian M. Lanagan 

Lord Lounge ... B. T. Ringgold Biggs . . . . ., . E. M. Holland 

Emily Flora Clayton Mrs. Clarkett .... Annie Deland 

Lady Leech . . . Mrs. John Sefton 

This comedy at one time was very popular, but of late years 
is seldom acted. Its popularity was due chiefly to that of the 
comedian personating McShane, the Man of Nerve, who generally 
was a star Irish comedian. It is associated in the memory of the 
old playgoer with the names of Tyrone Power, Leonard, John 
Collins, Hudson, and John Drew. When these artists played in 
it, the part of Aspen, the Nervous Man, was secondary, and I be- 
lieve it was reserved for Wm. Rufus Blake to make it the one of 
primary importance, in spite of the talent of Mr. Brougham, who 
played McShane. 

Foote's comedy, "The Liar," was first seen here April 13 and 
had this cast : 



Sir James . . 
Papillion . . 
Miss Grantham 
Miss Godfrey . 

This was followed 



Old Wilding .... John Gilbert 
Young Wilding . . Lester Wallack 
William J. F. Quigley 



Owen Marlowe 

J. C. Williamson 

Clara Jennings 

Emily Mestayer 

by "His Last Legs," with John Brougham as 



O'Callaghan. W. S. Gilbert's "Randall's Thumb," was first seen 
here May 8, and thus cast : 



Scantlebury .... John Gilbert 

Randall Chas. Fisher 

Flamboys .... Owen Marlowe 
Joe Bangles ... J. H. Stoddart 
Mrs. Flamboys . . . Effie Germon 



Superintendent . 
Edith Temple 
Miss Scantlebury 
Reginald . . . 
Miss Spin . . . 



W. J. Leonard 

Clara Jennings 

Mrs. John Sefton 

B. T. Ringgold 

Emily Mestayer 



2/6 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSri 



Brougham's "Playing with Fire" was produced May 22, and had 
this cast : 



Herbert Waverly . . . C. Rockwell 
Doctor Savage . . John Brougham 
Mrs. Waverly . . . Mrs. Thos. Barry 
Mrs. Doctor Savage . . Effie Germon 



Uncle Timothy . . . John Gilbert 

Pinchback J. H. Stoddart 

Widow Mrs. John Sefton 

Perkins Miss Blaisdell 



' Rosedale " was revived May 29, and thus cast : 



Elliott Gray . 
Miles McKenna 
Bunberry Cobb 
Mathew Leigh 
Cavendish May 
Sir Arthur . . 
Romany . . 
Farmer Green 
Corporal Daw . 



Lester Wallack 

John Gilbert 

. J. H. Stoddart 

B. T. Ringgold 

C. H. Rockwell 
. Nellie Kurd 
• J- F. Quigley 
. W. J. Leonard 
. E. M. Holland 



Tabitha Stork 
Sarah Sykes 
Lady Adelia 
Primrose . 
Docksey . 
Robert . . 
Rosa Leigh 
Lady Mary 
Mother Mix 



Emily Mestayer 
Mrs. John Sefton 
Annie D eland 
Miss Benton 
. . . Peck 
. . Danvers 
EiEe Germon 
Clara Jennings 
Miss Blaisdell 



"The Long Strike" commenced the summer season June 21, 
with Mr. Stoddart as Moneypenny and Effie Germon as Jane Lea- 
royd. " Elfie, or the Cherry Tree Inn " was first seen here July 
10, and had this cast : 



Aircastle (first appear- 
ance here) . . . .C. Wheatleigh 
Ledley Deepcar . . . C. Rockwell 
Bob Evans (first appear- 
ance here) Teesdale 

Warkinshaw .... W. J. Leonard 

Elfie Effie Germon 

Rose Aircastle . . . Lizzie Price 



Filey B. T. Ringgold 

Sadlove J. H. Stoddart 

Joe Chirrup C. Fisher 

Shelby Quigley 

Parker J. Peck 

Pemberton Jones 

Blacksmith Princeps 



Aug. 14 witnessed the first appearance at this house of the 
Lydia Thompson burlesque company, consisting of Hetty Tracy, 
Camille Dubois, Carlotta Zerbini, Tilly Earl, Lotta Mira, Kate 
Egerton, Kate Heathcote, Nellie Cooke, Harry Beckett, Willie 
Edouin, H. Montgomery, John Edouin, John Bryer, and Lydia 
Thompson. Michael Connolly was the musical director. Sept. 
11" The Princess of Trezibonde " was produced, and was followed 
by "Bluebeard," Sept. 18, for Lydia Thompson's benefit. "Lur- 
line, or the Knight and the Naiads " and " A Day in Paris " were 
acted Sept. 22. The same bill was repeated Sept. 23, when the 
season closed. 

The next regular season opened Sept. 30, 1871. The company 
consisted of Charles Mathews, Lester Wallack, John Brougham, 
Chas. Fisher, J. B. Polk, John Gilbert, J. H. Stoddart, W. H. 
Montgomery, Chas. Rockwell, W. J. Leonard, J. Peck, J. Curran, 
B. T. Ringgold, Geo. F. Browne, E. M. Holland, J. F. Quigley, 
Plessy Mordaunt, Clara Jennings, Emily Mestayer, Helen Tracy, 
Effie Germon, Mrs. John Sefton, Mary Lenoyle, Estelle Rowe, 



I87i] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



277 



Blanche Hayden, Flora Clayton, Miss L. McCormick, and Miss 
Langdon. John Gilbert was acting manager, and James Schonberg 
stage director. " The Rivals " was the initial performance. 



Sir Anthony 
Bob Acres 
David . 
Fag . . 
Thomas . 
Sir Lucius 



. . John Gilbert 
. . J. H. Stoddart 
W. H. Montgomery 
. E. M. Holland 
W. J. Leonard 
. John Brougham 



Mrs. Malaprop . . Emily Mestayer 
Lydia Languish . . . Clara Jennings 
Captain Absolute ... J. B. Polk 
Faulkland .... B. T. Ringgold 

Julia Helen Tracy 

Lucy Estelle Rowe 



Oct. 3 "The Heir at Law" was played, and Oct. 4, "The 
Serious Family." Miss Plessy Mordaunt, leading lady, made 
her American d6but Oct. 9 as Mrs. Oakley, in "The Jealous 
Wife." Charles Mathews' first appearance in this theatre oc- 
curred Oct. 16 in "A Curious Case," the cast of which was: 
Twiggleton, Chas. Mathews; Mr. Aubrey, Chas. Fisher; Charles 
Stanton, Charles Rockwell; Edward, E. M. Holland; and Mrs. 
Aubrey, Clara Jennings. "A Game of Speculation," by Chas. 
Mathews, was also played, with Mathews as Affable Hawk. " Ag- 
gravating Sam" and "The Nervous Man" were seen Oct. 23. 
"The Busybody" was given Oct. 30 for the first time in many 
years, and had this cast: 

Marplot Chas. Mathews Miranda .... Plessy Mordaunt 

Sir Jealous Troffick . John Brougham Sir George J. B. Polk 

Sir Francis Gripe . . John Gilbert Charles B. T. Ringgold 

Isabinda (her first appearance Whisker .... E. M. Holland 

at this theatre) . Henrietta Osborne Patch Effie Germon 



Nov. I a matinee performance took place for the benefit of those 
suffering from the Chicago fire. " The Lady of Lyons " was acted, 
and thus cast : 



Claude Melnotte . 
Mme. Deschapelles 
Widow Melnotte . 
M. Deschapelles . 
Col. Damas . . 



. Chas. Fechter 

Mrs. John Sefton 

Mme. Ponisi 

. W. J. Leonard 

John Gilbert 



Pauline Lizzie Price 

Beauseant C. Rockwell 

Glavis B. T. Ringgold 

Gaspard . . . W. H. Montgomery 
Landlord .... Geo. F. Browne 



"The Critic, or A Tragedy Rehearsed" was presented Nov. 6, 
and thus cast : 



Sir Fretful and Puff . Chas. Mathews 

Tilburina Effie Germon 

Confidante .... Mrs. John Sefton 

Sneer C. Rockwell 

Sir Christopher . W. H. Montgomery 



Earl of Leicester 
Mrs. Dangle . 
Dangle . . . 
Governor . . 
Beefeater . . 



. . W. B. Polk 
. Miss Blaisdell 
B. T. Ringgold 
Geo. F. Browne 
E. M. Holland 



"A Nice Firm" was acted Nov. 7 and continued throughout 
the week. "Rosedale" was revived Nov. 13, with Mme. Ponisi 
as Tabitha Stork, and Isidore Cameron as Lady Adela Gray, and 



278 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE 1:1872 



her first appearance at this house. " John Garth, " by John Brougham, 
founded on T. W. Robertson's novel, "True to Herself, "was acted 
for the first time Dec. 12, and had this cast: 



Gregory Deerham 
Hester Deerham . 
Minnie Garth . . 
Mere Charmarante, 
John Garth . . . 



, . John Gilbert 

, Plessy Mordaunt 

Clara Jennings 

Mrs. John Sefton 

Lester Wallack 



Maria . . 
Paulo . . 
Bartholomew 
Owen . . 



Lillie McCormack 
. . . C. Fisher 
. . . J. B. Polk 
. E. M. Holland 



During the first week of January, 1872, John Gilbert had an 
attack of the gout, and his r61e was played by John Brougham. 
In a few days Brougham was similarly attacked, and the r61e was 
taken by Chas. Rockwell. This play was taken off on Feb. 12 
and after a long and elaborate preparation Lester Wallack' s drama, 
in six tableaux, entitled "The Veteran," was revived for the first 
time in thirteen years. It was thus cast : 

Eugene Leslie J. B. Polk 

Capt. Belmont Jenson 

Lieut. Morton Thomas 

Lieut. Lorimer Barton 

Sergt. Simpson Peck 

Seyd Arnold 

Osman James 

Ogion W. J. Leonard 

Mustapha Geo. Browne 

Zaida Miss Burroughs 



Leon Delmar . . . Lester Wallack 
The Emir Mohammed . . C. Fisher 
Col. Delmar .... John Gilbert 

Blanche Effie Germon 

Mrs. McShake . . . Mme. Ponisi 

Amineh Clara Jennings 

The Sultan C. Rockwell 

Off-an-Agan .... J. Brougham 

Hassan E. M. Holland 

Gulnare Helen Tracy 

Bison . . . Master Geo. Goodwin 



Sir Harcourt .... John Gilbert 

Dazzle Chas. Mathews 

Spanker J. B. Polk 

Mark Meddle . . . . J. H. Stoddart 
Lady Gay .... Plessy Mordaunt 



Charles Mathews reappeared April 18 in "London Assurance:" 

Grace Helen Tracy 

Max John Brougham 

Charles Lester Wallack 

Cool E. M. Holland 

Pert Mrs. John Sefton 

May 8 a matinee benefit was given in aid of the Homoeopathic 
Surgical Hospital fund; Fanny Foster made her first appearance 
on any stage May 9 as Grace Harkaway. " London Assurance " 
was kept on the boards to large audiences until May 27, when 
"Home" and "The Critic" were acted. For his farewell benefit 
Charles Mathews presented " The Captain of the Watch " and 
"Not Such a Fool as He Looks." He acted Simple Simon in 
the latter play. This closed the season. 

The manner in which Charles Mathews was engaged to play in 
the regular company is worthy of mention. While acting at Daly's 
Fifth Avenue Theatre he came to Wallack and said : " I want an 
appearance at your theatre." " But you know we never star people 
at our house," replied Mr. Wallack. "I don't care; I want to 
appear, and I atn willing to go in your regular company. Make 



1872] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



279 



me an offer," persisted Mathews. "Oh, I can't do that," said 
Wallack. " How much do you want ? " " I will leave it entirely 
to you," replied Mathews, and subsequently it was arranged that 
he should be paid a salary of ^500 a week. This salary was paid 
him a number of weeks before it was possible to give him an ap- 
pearance. It is memorable that in " London Assurance, " he, Lester 
Wallack, and John Gilbert appeared together on one stage. 

June 3 a summer season was opened with "The Long Strike," J. 
H. Stoddart as Moneypenny, Welsh Edwards as Crankshaw, and 
Efifie Germon as Jane Learoyd. Watts Phillips' "On the Jury" 
was first seen here June 17, and had this cast: 



Dexter Sanderson . . . Brougham 
Robert Sanderson . . . Ringgold 
Edith (first appearance here) 

Ella Burns 
Miss Nippingale . . Mrs. John Sefton 
Miss Winch (first appearance 
at this theatre) . . . Carrie Martin 



Rosa (first appearance here) 

Frankie McClellan 
Tibbetts .... Charles -Fisher 

Prof. Schmidt Stoddart 

Curlett Rockwell 

Waterman Holland 

Tilda Effie Germon 



"The Last Trump Card" had its first hearing here July i, and 
with this cast : 



Vicompte De Noirmount . C. Fisher 
Sir Slingsby Sorrell, W. H. Montgomery 
Lady Sorrell . . . Mrs. John Sefton 
Alice Walsingham . . . Ella Burns 
Cecillia Thornton . Mrs. Thos. Barry 
Cecil Seagift ... B. T. Ringgold 



Rebecca Beak . . . Eflie Germon 
Jabez Jubal . . . . J. H. Stoddart 

Sykes C. Rockwell 

Chickweed . . . . E. M. Holland 

Hopper W. J. Leonard 

Martha Miss Blaisdell 



"The Long Strike" July 15, 1872, and continued throughout 
the week. A summer season commenced July 22 with the Lydia 
Thompson burlesque company, consisting of Harry Beckett, 
Willie Edouin, Eliza Weathersby, Amy Sheridan, Louise Beverly, 
Camille Dubois, Tilly Earle, Harriet Courtney, Pauline Leslie, 
Mrs. Brier, Fanny Leslie, and Lydia Thompson. Michael Con- 
nolly was musical director. " Robin Hood " was the opening bur- 
lesque. " Ixion " was revived Sept. 2, with the first appearance of 
Rose Coghlan as Jupiter. The comedietta, "A Happy Pair," pre- 
ceded the burlesque, in which Rose Coghlan made her American 
ddbut, acting Mrs. Honeyton, with Edmund Leathes as Mr. 
Honeyton. "Kenilworth" was done Sept. 21, and the season 
closed Sept. 28. 

The regular season of 1872-73 opened Oct. i. The company 
was: Geo. Boniface, J. H. Stoddart, J. B. Polk, E. M. Holland, 
Geo. F. Browne, Katharine Rogers, Edith Challis, Mrs. Fanny 
Foster, Mme. Ponisi, E. A. Sothern, W. J. Leonard, J. Peck, John 
W. Carroll, C. E. Edwin, Rose Coghlan, Miss Blaisdell, Miss 
McCormack, John Gilbert, Efifie Germon, Mrs. John Sefton, Thomas 
Baker, musical director, John Gilbert, acting manager, James 



28o A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D873 



Schonberg, stage director, J. S. Wright, prompter, and Theo. Moss, 
treasurer. W. S. Gilbert's "Pygmalion and Galatea," given for 
the first time in America, was the opening bill, and had this 
cast: 



Pygmalion (first appearance 

at this theatre) . . . G. Boniface 
Galatea (first appearance 

in this city) . . Katharine Rogers 
Cynisca (first appearance at 

this theatre) . . . Edith Challis 



Chrysos J. H. Stoddart 

Myrine Fanny Foster 

Leucippe J. B. Polk 

Agensimos . . . . E. M. Holland 

Mimos Geo. F. Browne 

Dophine Mme. Ponisi 



This was not Katharine Rogers' d6but in America, as she had 
appeared at Philadelphia as Georgina, in "Our American Cousin," 
Sept. 2, 1872, at the Walnut Street Theatre, in E. A. Sothern's 
company. Max Maretzek commenced a series of concerts Sunday 
evening, Nov. 3. "Pygmalion and Galatea" was played until 
Nov. II, when E. A. Sothern appeared in "Our American 
Cousin," which had this cast: 



Lord Dundreary . 
Asa Trenchard . 
Lieut. Vernon 
Capt. De Boots . 
May Meredith 
Sir Edward Trenchard 
Florence Trenchard 



. . Sothern 
. J. B. Polk 

E. M. Holland 
. . J. Peck 
Rose Coghlan 

W. J. Leonard 
Fanny Foster 



Mrs. Montchessington . Mme. Ponisi 

Coyle John W. Carroll 

Abel Murcott . . . . J. H. Stoddart 

Binney Geo. F. Browne 

Buddicombe .... C. E. Edwin 
Georgina .... Katharine Rogers 



Dec. 21 "Brother Sam " was produced: 



Hon. Sam Slingsby .... Sothern 
Jonathan Rumbelow . John Gilbert 
Trimbush J. B. Polk 



Mrs. Trimbush 
Alice . . . 



EfBe Germon 
Rose Coghlan 



"David Garrick " was seen Feb. 8, 1873 : 



Ada Ingot . . . Katharine Rogers 
Araminta Brown . . . Mrs. Sefton 

David Garrick Sothern 

Mrs. Smith .... Mme. Ponisi 



Simon Ingot .... John Gilbert 
Squire Chivey .... J. B. Polk 

Smith Geo. F. Browne 

Jones E. M. Holland 



April 3 " David Garrick " and " Dundreary Married and Settled " 
were presented. The latter play had this cast : 



Lord Dundreary .... Sothern 
D. R. Boots . . . . E. M. Holland 

Buggins G. F. Browne 

Abel Murcott (first appear- 
ance here) .... C. B. Bishop 



Sir Edward . . 
Lady Dundreary- 
Lady Trenchard 
Asa Trenchard . 



J. W. Carroll 

Rose Coghlan 

Mme. Ponisi 

. J. B. Polk 



" David Garrick " was acted for the eighty-fifth time (matinee) 
May 3. At night "The Squire's Last Shilling" was first played, 
and with this cast : 



1873] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



281 



Charles Chuckles . . E. A. Sothern 
Roderick Gresham ... J. B. Polk 
Jabez Grindrod . . . . C. B. Bishop 
Farnier Hodges . . G. F. Browne 
Malvina (first appearance 
here) .... Imogene Vandyke 



Rachel Grindrod . Katharine Rogers 

David Brandon J- Carroll 

Clinch E. M. Holland 

Polly Greville . . . EflSe Germon 
Lady Logwood .... Mme. Ponisi 



After May 2 1 there was a constant change of bill, as follows : 
May 22, "Our American Cousin," which had eight performances; 
May 29, "Brother Sam" and " Dundreary Married and Settled," 
four times, and Sothern closed his engagement May 31. "Mora, 
or the Golden Fetters, " by Boucicault, was acted June 3 for the 
first time on any stage, and had this cast : 



Mora Katharine Rogers 

Paul Schuyler Allerton 

Bella Guppy .... Efiie Germon 
Judge Cutts .... O. S. Fawcett 
Philo Guppy (d^but here), A. D. Bradley 
Ex-Judge Conover . . . W. H. Pope 



Chancey Sickfold . . Milnes Levick 
Larry Suydam ... G. H. Griiifith 

Sally Miss Blaisdell 

Ophelia Mary Wells 

Lisha Joseph Wheelock 



"Mimi," one of Boucicault's "emotional" plays, was produced 
for the first time early in July, and was thus cast : 



Maurice Boucicault 

Durosel A. D. Bradley 

Max Porleson . . . . W. H. Crisp 
Schneider .... John Howson 

Collinet B. T. Ringgold 

Clicot Ed. Lamb 



Mme. Darblay . . . Fanny Foster 

Second Officer G. Clarke 

Mimi Katharine Rogers 

Rigolette Effie Germon 

Salope Miss Vandyke 

Rosalie Mary Wells 



This was the first appearance at this theatre of W. H. Crisp and 
John Howson. 

The season of 1873-74 opened Sept. 15. The company was as 
follows: John Gilbert, W. R. Floyd, J. W. Carroll, T. E. Mills, 
W. J. Leonard, J. Peck, Harry Beckett, J. B. Polk, E. M. Hol- 
land, George Browne, C. E. Edwin, J. Curran, Mrs. John Sefton, 
Mme. Ponisi, Rose Coghlan, Dora Goldthwaite, Kate Bartlett, 
McCormack, Burroughs, Effie Germon, Blaisdell, Estelle Rowe, 
Everette, Jeanie Ross, Clara Bate; acting manager, John Gilbert; 
stage director, W. R. Floyd; prompter, J. S. Wright; treasurer, 
Theo. Moss; and musical director, Thomas Baker. Mr. Sothern 
was the star attraction, and the opening plays were "Barwise's 
Book" and "The Burrampooter. " Oct. 11 Salvini and his Italian 
company performed "Othello" at the matinee. Salvini appeared 
in "Francesca da Rimini" at the matinee, Oct. 18. In the even- 
ing " Our American Cousin " was revived, and ran until Oct. 27, 
when Lester Wallack made his first appearance in two years, act- 
ing in "She Stoops to Conquer," which gave place on Nov. 10 to 



282 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1874 



"Ours," in which Edward J. Arnott, from the Haymarket Theatre, 
London, made his American d6but, playing Lieut. Angus McAl- 
lister. " Ours " was withdrawn after the matinde of Nov. 22, and 
in the evening " The Liar " was revived, and Miss Jeffreys Lewis, 
who had been added to the company, made her first appearance as 
Miss Grantham. The comedy was preceded by " To Oblige Ben- 
son." On the evenings of Nov. 9, 16, and 30, concerts were given 
by members of the Strakosch Italian opera company. 

On Dec. 8 "Home" and "Ici I'On Parle Frangais" were seen, 
and ran throughout that week ; Dec. 15, 19, "She Stoops to Con- 
quer;" Dec. 16, "Ours;" Dec. 17, "The Liar;" Dec. 18, "Home" 
and "Ici I'On Parle Frangais." Boucicault's new comedy of " A 
Man of Honor" had its first hearing Dec. 22. On Jan. 17, 1874, 
"The Man of Honor" was withdrawn, and Jan. 17 "Money" — 
with the gambling scene restored — was revived, in which John 
Brougham made his first appearance in two years. March 7 " The 
Heir at Law" was announced, for the reappearance of John Gil- 
bert after a long illness; but, owing to the indisposition of John 
Brougham, " Money " was continued, and John Gilbert acted Stout. 
"The Heir at Law" was produced March 9, and acted during the 
week. "The Rivals " was seen March 16, and ran during the week. 
" Central Park " was revived March 23, and ran until April 4, when 
at the matinee " The Veteran " was revived. John Brougham was 
taken ill April 11, and on that night and until April 20, when 
Mr. Brougham reappeared, Harry Beckett acted Off-an-Agan. 
" School " was produced April 30 and ran until May 22, when 
"The Clandestine Marriage" was revived, which gave way May 
26 to " Woodcock' s Little Game " and " The Nervous Man. " These 
comedies were repeated May 28, 29, and matinee. May 30. " Money " 
was revived May 27 and repeated May 30, when the season closed. 

J. L. Toole, the English comedian, made his American debut 
Aug. 17 in "Wig and Gown," written expressly for him by James 
Alberry, and a comic drama by Thomas Haynes Bayley, called 
" The Spitalfields Weaver. " " Wig and Gown " had this cast : 



Hammond Coote . . . J. L. Toole 
Sorbyson Siel . . . . W. Herbert 
Dr. Dallet . . Q. C. H. Westland 
Fred Fairfoot . . . E. M. Holland 
Mr. Justice Jones . . H. A. Weaver 
Edward Albert Wellington 

Coote Agnes Michell 



Edward Albert Nelson 



Coote .... 
James Strickett . . 
Samuel Marigold . 
Decimal Two-five . 
Hon. Miss Kenruetie 
Mrs. Coote . . . 



Sadie Vivian 

Eben Plympton 

W. J. Leonard 

J. F. Josephs 

. Mme. Ponisi 

Eliza Johnstone 



The cast of " The Spitalfields Weaver " was : 



Simmons J. L. Toole 

Brown H. Westland 

Darville Eben Plympton 



James J. F. Josephs 

Adele Minnie Bell 



18753 



WALLACE'S THEATRE 



283 



The performance was a lamentable failure, the peculiar talent 
of Mr. Toole not being appreciated by an American audience. 
Toole was announced as having met with " an accident " ; and four 
nights of his engagement were filled by Dan Bryant, who acted in 
" Handy Andy " and "Irish Emigrant." This was Dan Bryant's 
last engagement in Irish comedy. 

The next season commenced Tuesday, Oct. 6, 1874, with Byron's 
comedy, "Partners for Life," which had this cast: 



Horace Mervyn 
Tom Gilroy . 
Goppinger 
Fanny Smith 
Priscilla . . 
Emily . . . 



. John Gilbert 
H. J. Montague 
W. J. Leonard 
Jeffreys Lewis 
. Mme. Ponisi 
Dora Goldthwaite 



Darbyshire . 
Muggles . . 
Ernest . . . 
Major Billeter 
Sir Archibald 



Kate Bartlett 
Harry Beckett 
. J. B. Polk 

J. W. Carroll 
G. F. Browne 



The company engaged] was: H. J. Montague (first appearance in 
America), John Gilbert, Harry Beckett, J. B. Polk, John W. Car- 
roll, Geo. F. Browne, W. J. Leonard, Jeffreys Lewis, Mme. Ponisi, 
Dora Goldthwaite, Kate Bartlett, Mrs. John Sefton, E. M. Hol- 
land, C. E. Edwin, J. Peck, J. F. Josephs, Thos. Atkins, Ada 
Dyas, Effie Germon, lone Burke, Mabel Leonard, Dion Bouci- 
cault, Edward Arnott, and Miss C. Bate. John Gilbert was the 
acting manager; W. R. Floyd, stage director; J. S. Wright, 
prompter; and Theo. Moss, treasurer. 

"The Rivals" was revived Oct. 14, with Edward Arnott as Cap- 
tain Absolute. " The Romance of a Poor Young Man " was seen 
Oct. 21, with this cast: 



Marguerite (first appear- 
ance at this theatre) . Ada Dyas 
Manuel .... H. J. Montague 

Louise Mrs. John Sefton 

Caspar J. W. Carroll 

Alain E. M. Holland 

M. Nouret . . . . G. F. Browne 



Mme. Laroque 
Christine . . 
Mme. Aubrey 
Mile. Helouin 
Dr. Desmarets 
M. De Brevannes 



Mme. Ponisi 
Mabel Leonard 
Effie Germon 
. lone Burke 
. John Gilbert 
. J. B. Polk 



Nov. 14 Boucicault's "The Shaughraun " was played for the first 
time on any stage, and had this cast : 



Capt. Molineux 
Arte O'Neale 
Robert Ffolliott 
Father Dolan 
Corry Kinchela 
Harvey Duff . 
Conn . . . 



H. J. Montague 
Jeffreys Lewis 
. J. B. Polk 
. John Gilbert 
E. Arnott 
. H. Beckett 

Dion Boucicault 



Sergt. Jones . . . . W. J. Leonard 

Reilly E. M. Holland 

Claire Ffolliott .... Ada Dyas 
Mrs. O'Kelly .... Mme. Ponisi 

Moya lone Burke 

Bridget Mrs. Sefton 



"The Shaughraun" was withdrawn on April i, 1875, for "The 
Romance of a Poor Young Man ; " April 10 " Rafael " was seen 
for the first time. This was a new adaptation of "Les Filles de 



284 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1875 



Marbre " (" The Marble Heart "). " The Romance of a Poor Young 
Man" was revived April 17; "The Road to Ruin," with H. J. 
Montague as Harry Dornton, was seen April 24. 

A matinee benefit was given April 29 for the Dan Bryant 
Benefit Fund. The following is a copy of the programme : 



Mr. Honeyton . . 
After which — 



"A HAPPY PAIR." 
H. J. Montague | Mrs. Honeyton 

"THE RIVALS." 



Sir Anthony Absolute . John Gilbert 
Sir Lucius O'Trigger . W. R. Floyd 
Capt. Absolute .... E. Arnott 

Bob Acres H. Beckett 

Faulkland J. W. Carroll 



David . . . 
Lydia Languish 
Mrs. Malaprop 
Julia .... 
Lucy .... 



Ada Dyas 



. E. M. Holland 
. . Jeffreys Lewis 
. . Mme. Ponisi 
Dora Goldthwaite 
. . Kate Bartlett 



The following is the Treasurer's report of the several benefits 
and donations in behalf of the family of the late Dan Bryant : 



RECEIVED FROM MANAGERS, 



Wallack's Theatre . 


. $1,305.50 


Union Sq. Theatre . 


1,088.50 


Booth's Theatre . . 


926.00 


Theatre Comique 


. . 801.75 


Olympic Theatre 


335-25 


Lyceum Theatre . . 


263.50 



Park Theatre .... 
Bowery Opera House . 
San Francisco Minstrels 
Academy of Music . . 



FROM BENEFIT GIVEN AT 
Chicago, under auspices of Danl. O'Hara, City Treasurer 
FROM SALE OF PICTURE 
Donated by Lysander Thompson, Jr 



DONATIONS. 



W. J. Florence . 
Thos. J. Creamer 
Dion Boucicault 
A. Oakey Hall 
J. J. O'Donohue 
J. T. Raymond 
L. L. L. . . 



Arthur Cheney (Globe 
Theatre, Boston) . 
Wright Sanford . . 
Miss Neilson . . . 
H. J. Montague . . 
Richard O'Gorman . 
J. Murphy, Comedian 
J. L. Toole . . . 



$250.00 
200.00 
150.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 

100.00 
100.00 
100.00 
50.00 
50.00 
50.00 
50.00 



Geo. A. Dickerson . 
Dan's friend " M." . 
Miller, Morrison & Co. 
Dominick Murray . 
" Mark Twain " . . 
George Loveday - . 
George Tyson . . 
W. A. Seaver . . . 
Dan Shelby, Buffalo 
Anonymous, by Mr. 
H. J. Montague . 
Count Joannes . . 
A Friend .... 



$148.50 
44.80 
71.00 

1,918.50 

$6,903.30 
$652.00 
$128.00 



$50.00 
50.00 
30.00 
30.00 
25.00 
25.00 
25.00 
25.00 
25.00 

25.00 

10.00 

1. 00 

$1,821.00 



1875] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



285 



NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE, BY MR. M. MITCHELL. 



W. R. Travers $100.00 



C. J. Osborn 
George George 
S. V. White . 
H. A. Patterson 
M. S. Prentiss 



50.00 
50.00 
25.00 
25.00 
25.00 



W. S. Neilson $25.00 

C. F. Woerishoffer .... 25.00 
Soutter & Co z5-oo 



NEW YORK SUN, BY C. A. DANA. 



George Wilkes $100.00 

Harry Hill 100.00 

Samuel Wilkeson .... 20.00 



NEW YORK TIMES, 

G. VandenhofE $25.00 

L. J. Jennings 25.00 

Mrs. J. H. Dykers .... 10.00 

G. C. Martin 10.00 

M. T. P 5-00 



A Friend 
Plus . . 



BY L. J. JENNINGS. 
F. Navarro . . . 



Jos. 
" F." 
F. C. 



Winkle 



$350.00 



$9.00 
1. 00 

$230.00 



$5.00 
5.00 
5.00 



From sale of boxes $168.84 

From sale of general admission tickets 4^1 5-95 

From J. C. Williamson, comedian, Australia 56.00 

From John McCuUough, proceeds of benefit given at California 

Theatre San Francisco, Cal 948.90 

Grand total $16,163.99 

New York, July 21, 1875. 

This is to certify that Messrs. Josh Hart, W. R. Floyd, and A. M. Palmer have 
this day paid to me, as trustee for myself and Marie Bryant, Jeremiah Bryant, 
Daniel Bryant, and Teresa Bryant, the children of the late Daniel Bryant, sixteen 
thousand one hundred and sixty-three 99-100 dollars, being the proceeds realized 
and received by the said Josh Hart, W. R. Floyd, and A. M. Palmer, as the com- 
mittee of the associated managers of the City of New York, from individual dona- 
tions, and from the performances given by the theatres of New York, Chicago, and 
San Francisco, for the benefit of myself and children. 

$16,163.99 ^^^- ^^^ Bryant. 

Witness: Fred A. Lovecraft. 

" A Happy Pair " and " The Rivals " were played May 8 ; " The 
Irish Heiress," May 12, matinee, May 22, and the rest of the week. 
The season closed May 29, when " The Lady of Lyons " was given : 



Claude Melnotte . 
Mons. Deschapelles 
Mme. Deschapelles 
Widow Melnotte . 
Col. Damas 



H. J. Montague 

. J. W. Carroll 

. Mme. Ponisi 

Mrs. John Sefton 

John Gilbert 



Glavis J. B. Polk 

Beauseant E. Plympton 

Pauline Ada Dyas 



Gaspard 

Landlord . 

Major . . 
Capt. Dupont 

Gervais . . 

Notary . . 

Jeannette . 

Marian . . 



C. E. Edwin 
G. F. Browne 
J. F. Josephs 
. . J. Peck 
. T, Atkins 
G. Comstock 
. Clara Bate 
Miss J. Francis 



286 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE DSrs 



A summer season began May 31 by Harrigan and Hart, in 
"The Donovans," with the following company: W. E. Sheridan, 
Welsh Edwards, J. W. Jennings, Geo. L. Stout, John W. Norton, 
Walter Eytinge, C. E. Edwin, J. Curran, Mme. Ponisi, Bessie 
Vivian, W. J. Leonard, J. Peck, E. M. Holland, J. F. Josephs, 
Ada Monk (first appearance at this theatre), and Alice Clayton. 
The Peak Family of Bellringers, Charles and Carrie Austin, the 
"Zoua^e Drill" artists, Nellie St. John, balladist, and Baby 
Bindley appeared in the play. 

The next regular season commenced Oct. 5, 1875, with this 
company : H. J. Montague, Harry Beckett, Chas. Stevenson, Wm. 
Herbert, Harry Gwynette, W. J. Leonard, Geo. C. Jordan, Jr., J. 
Peck, John Gilbert, W. R. Floyd, E. M. Holland, J. W. Shannon, 
Chas. Rosene, C. E. Edwin, T. Atkins, J. F. Josephs, EfEe Ger- 
mon, Mrs. John Sefton, Nina Varian, Miss C. Blaisdell, Miss 
Foster, Miss C. Bate, Kate Bartlett, Geraldine Maya, lone Burke, 
Mme. Ponisi, and Ada Dyas. Thomas Baker was musical con- 
ductor; John Gilbert, acting manager; W. R. Floyd, stage di- 
rector; J. S. Wright, prompter; and Theo. Moss, treasurer. 
" The Overland Route " was the opening play, and had this cast : 



Tom Dexter . 
Solomon Frazer 
Lovibond . . 
Moleskin . . 
Capt. Smart 
Mrs. Lovibond 
Mrs. Colepepper 
Miss Grimwood 



H. J. Montague 
. John Gilbert 
. Harry Beckett 
E. M. Holland 
. H. Gwynette 
. Effie Germon 
Geraldine Maye 
. Kate Bartlett 



Colepepper 
Major McTurk 
Capt. Clavering 
Hardistry . . 
Tottle . . . 
Mrs. Seabright 
Mrs. Rabbits . 



. . W. Herbert 
J. W. Shannon 
. . C. Rosene 
Geo. Jordan, Jr. 
. W. J. Leonard 
. . Ada Dyas 
Miss C. Blaisdell 



This was the first appearance at this theatre of J. W. Shannon, 
C. Rosene, Harry Gwynette, Geo. C. Jordan, Jr., and Geraldine 
Maye's first appearance on any stage. " Caste " was played Nov. 
8, with the first appearance in New York of George Honey, in his 
original character of Eccles : 



George D'Alroy . . H. J. Montague 
Capt. Hawtree . . C. A. Stevenson 
Sam Gerridge . . E. M. Holland 
Eccles Geo. Honey 



Dixon . . . 
Esther Eccles 
Polly Eccles . 
The Marquise 



J. F. Josephs 

. Ada Dyas 

Effie Germon 

Mme. Ponisi 



Dec. 9 " Bosom Friends, " adapted by Horace Wigan from 
Sardou's "Nos Intimes," was given, with this cast: 



Doctor Bland ... H. J. Montague 

Yielding John Gilbert 

Donoghue Harry Beckett 

Union Edward Arnott 

Mrs. Meanley . . . Mme. Ponisi 
Amy Geraldine Maye 



Gimp Miss Thornton 

Frederick . . . . C. A. Stevenson 

Meanley W. Herbert 

Barravell E. M. Holland 

Mrs. Union Ada Dyas 



I876J 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



287 



"Caste" was repeated Dec. 31: 
1876, and had this cast: 



"Home" was revived Jan. 3, 



Col. John White . . Lester Wallack 
Capt. MountrafEe . . J. W. Carroll 

Dorrison John Gilbert 

Dora Kate Bartlett 



Bertie Willie Seymour 

Mrs. Pinchbeck .... Ada Dyas 
Lucy Geraldine Maya 



This was Lester Wallack's first appearance in two years. " A 
Quiet Family" was also acted on this occasion. Byron's comedy, 
"Married in Haste," was first seen in this city Jan. 12, and had 
this cast: 



Gibson Greene . . Lester Wallack 
Percy Pendragon . . . John Gilbert 
Augustus Vera . . C. A. Stevenson 
Josiah Grainger . . J. W. Shannon 
Mrs. Grainger (first appear- 
ance at this theatre) . . Rose Lisle 



Ethel Ada Dyas 

Rackstraw W. Herbert 

Pritchard .... Ethel Thornton 

Baffles J. W. Carroll 

Munchance . . . . G. F. Browne 



Feb. 7 " John Garth " was revived, with Alex. Fitzgerald as 
Paulo Barretti and Nina Varian as Minnie Garth, their first ap- 
pearance at this theatre. "She Stoops to Conquer," Feb. 21; 
March 3, " Caste ; " matinde, March 4, " The Romance of a Poor 
Young Man;" March 13, "The Wonder;" March 28, "The Cap- 
tain of the Watch" and "Woodcock's Little Game," matinee and 
evening ; April g, " Tears, Idle Tears, " with H. J. Montague in his 
original character of Wilfred Cumberledge. A new comedy 
drama by A. C. Wheeler and J. Steele Mackaye, entitled "Twins," 
was produced April 12, and had this cast: 



Chester Delafield / 
Mark Delafield S 
Magnus Rounse . 
Hubert Vince . . 
Doctor Puddiphat 
Victoria Golden . 



Lester Wallack 

. John Gilbert 
C. A. Stevenson 
. . W. Herbert 
. Effie Germon 



May Delafield 
Mrs. Amiable 
Richard Wylde 
Wolfe . . . 
Mrs. Delafield 
Mrs. Clift . . 



Geraldine Maye 
Miss C. Blaisdell 
. W. R. Floyd 
. E. M. Holland 
. . Ada Dyas 
Mrs. John Sefton 



" London Assurance " was given April 26 : 



Charles (first time) 
Dazzle .... 
Sir Harcourt . . 
Mark Meddle . . 
Dolly Spanker 



H. J. Montague 

Lester Wallack 

John Gilbert 

. Harry Beckett 

. W. R. Floyd 



Lady Gay Ada Dyas 

Pert Effie Germon 

Max J. W. Shannon 

Cool E. M. Holland 

Grace lone Burke 



May 16 "How She Loves Him" was revived, and the season 
closed May 27. Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Florence began a summer 
term May 29 with "The Mighty Dollar," which had this cast: 



288 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1877 



Roland Vance . . . Frank Weston 
Lord Clairngorm . . W. J. Ferguson 
Washington Skidmore, E. M. Holland 
Senator Hogwhistle . G. C. Sherman 
Bardwell Slote . . W. J. Florence 
Charley Brood . . . W. R. Floyd 

Arthur J. W. Carroll 

Tom Dart .... J. W. Shannon 



Geo. Saville . . . W. A. Whitecar 

Libby Josephine Baker 

Laura Ethel Thornton 

Lafayette C. E. Edwin 

Tarquinious . . . . C. Townsend 
Mrs. Gilflory .... Mrs. Florence 

Clara Dart May Howard 

Blanche lone Burke 



The season closed Sept. 30, when "The Mighty Dollar" was 
acted for the one hundred and eighteenth time at this theatre, 
and the two hundred and twenty-second time in this city. 

On Oct. 3, 1876, the next regular season opened with Harry 
Beckett, H. J. Montague, Ed. Arnott, Wm. Herbert, Joseph 
Shannon (right name Sendlebeck), Walter Eytinge, C. E. Edwin, 
T. Wilson, J. Peck, W. J. Leonard, C. A. Stevenson, John Gil- 
bert, Dion Boucicault, E. M. Holland, Ada Dyas, Rose Wood, 
Mme. Ponisi, Josephine Baker, Mrs. John Sefton, Miss Blaisdell, 
Effie Germon, Clara Bate, Ethel Thornton, and Florence Villiers. 
"Forbidden Fruit" was the initial performance, and was thus 
cast: 



Sergeant Buster 
Cato Dove 
Capt. Derringer 
Dodd. . . . 
Swalbach . . 
Victor . . . 



. Harry Beckett 
H. J. Montague 
. . E. Arnott 
. W. Herbert 
J. W. Shannon 
W. Eytinge 



Joseph . . . 
Mrs. Cato Dove 
Mrs. Buster . 
Zulu .... 
Julia Cripps . 



C. E. Edwin 
. Ada Dyas 
Mme. Ponisi 
Effie Germon 
Miss Blaisdell 



Nov. g " The Shaughraun " was revived, with Boucicault as 
Conn, Montague as Molineax, Rose Wood as Arte O'Neale, and 
Josephine Baker as Moya. A benefit for the Brooklyn Theatre 
fire sufferers was given Dec. 21, when "Caste" was^ acted, and 
also "Forty and Fifty." Jan. 8, 1877, "Forbidden Fruit" was 
revived; Palgrave Simpson and Herman Merivale's drama, "All 
For Her," was produced Jan. 22, and.had this cast: 



Richard Radford (first appearance 
at this theatre) . Steele Mackaye 



Hugh Trevor 
Capt. Mervale 
Alice . . 
Mary Rivers 



Lester Wallack 

. George Clarke 

. . Ada Dyas 

Rose Wood 



Geystone .... Mrs. John Sefton 

Col. Darner E. Arnott 

Maurice C. A. Stevenson 

Laurence .... E. M. Holland 

Donald C. E. Edwin 

Edgar J. W. Shannon 



Feb. 7 "A Morning Call" and "Married Life" were seen, and 
Feb. 12 "Wild Oats" was played, with this cast: 



Sir George Thunder 
Ephraim Smooth 
Harry Thunder . 
Jennie Gammon . 
Rover .... 
John Dory . . 
Tim 



John Gilbert 

. Harry Beckett 

C. A. Stevenson 

. Effie Germon 

Lester Wallack 

Edward Arnott 

E. M. Holland 



Farmer J. W. Shannon 

Banks W. J. Leonard 

Lamp C. E. Edwin 

Trap James Curran 

Lady Amaranth . . . Rose Wood 
Amelia Mrs. John Sefton 



I877D 



WALLACE'S THEATRE 



289 



" She Stoops to Conquer " was given Feb. 26 ; March 6, " The 
Rivals;" "My Awful Dad" had its first American presentation 
March 10, and was thus cast : 

Adonis Evergreen . Lester Wallack Mrs. Biggs 

Dick Evergreen . . . Harry Beckett Evangeline 

Baron Kotcliberg . J. W. Shannon Matilda . . 

Humphrey E. M. Holland Emma . . 

Dibs C. Edwin Charlotte . 

Cruets W. J. Leonard 

In consequence of the indisposition of Lester Wallack, "The 
Rivals " was revived the second week in April. " Rosedale " was 
revived May 14, and had this cast : 



Mrs. John Sefton 

Ethel Thornton 

Rose Wood 

Josephine Baker 

. . Clara Bate 



Miles McKenna . 
Bunberry Cobb . 
Mathew Leigh 
Col. Cavendish May 
Farmer Green 
Lady Adela . . 
Corporal Daw 
Romany Robb 
Robert .... 



John Gilbert 

Harry Beckett 

Edward Arnott 

Cyril Searle 

W. J. Leonard 

Florence Villiers 

W. Eytinge 

C. Edwin 

. T. Atkins 



Doxy . . . 
Sir Arthur . . 
Lady Florence 
Rosa Leigh 
Tabitha Stork 
Sarah Sykes . 
Mother Mix . 
Primrose . . 
Elliot Grey 



... J. Peck 

AUie Dorrington 

Ada Dyas 

Effie Germon 

Mrs. Farren 

Mrs. J. Sefton 

Miss Blaisdell 

. Miss Bate 

Lester Wallack 



Ada Dyas took a benefit June 7, when "A Wolf in Sheep's 
Clothing" was acted, with this cast: 



Jasper Carew 
Dame Carew 
Sybil . . 



. H. J. Montague 
Mrs. G. H. Gilbert 
. AUie Dorrington 



Kester Chedzoy . . . . W. Herbert 

Ann Carew Ada Dyas 

Keziah Effie Germon 

This was followed by a recitation of "The Bridge of Sighs," 
by Jeffreys Lewis; and the quarrel scene from "The School for 
Scandal," John Gilbert as Sir Peter Teazle and Fanny Davenport 
as Lady Teazle. 

The fourth act of " Love's Sacrifice " was next given by Marie 
Wainwright and Frederick B. Warde, and the performance closed, 
with the fourth act of "The Lady of Lyons," George Rignold as 
Claude and Ada Dyas as Pauline. A summer season commenced 
June II with Lettie Allen, in a drama called "Waves," which had 
this cast : 



Arthur Leslie . 
Hubert Leslie 
Leonard Gordon 
Garner . . . 
Caroline Shirley 
Mrs. Brightless 
Kittie Brightless 
Alphonso Howard 



J. B. Atwater 

Cyril Searle 

W. Eytinge 

W. J. Leonard 

Effie Germon 

Mrs. A. F. Baker 

Blanche Galton 

. W. R. Floyd 



Capt. Walton . 
Jerry Timpkins 
Sidney Morton 
Edna Gordon . 
Mrs. Leslie 
Mrs. Stacey . 
Mrs. Warren . 



Theo. Hamilton 

. Thos. WhifEen 

Lewis Baker 

Lettie Allen 

Mme. Ponisi 

Marion P. Clifton 

Ethel Thornton 



This was the first appearance here of Thomas Whiffen, Mrs. 
Alexina Fisher Baker, and Blanche Galton (Mrs. Thomas Whif- 
fen), also the New York debut of Marion P. Clifton. 

VOL. II. — 19 



290 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D877 



June 28 Henry Morford's play, " Crabbed Age " was given, and 
introduced for the first time at this theatre May Roberts and May 
Gallagher, who acted Mme. Dumonlin and Juliette. July 2, Philip 
Stoner's drama, "Woodleigh," introducing for the first time at 
this theatre Marie Bates, who acted Abigail Wildron. For J. B. 
Atwater's benefit, July 20, "The Stranger" was played, with 
Atwater as the Stranger, Lettie Allen as Mrs. Haller, Mary 
Davenport as Countess Wintersen, and E. B. Holmes as Solomon. 
Aug. 20 the Lydia Thompson company appeared in "Bluebeard," 
with this cast : 



Selim Lydia Thompson 

Bluebeard Fred Marshall 

Abrahim Horatio Saker 

Fatima Alice Burville 

O'Shacabac .... Ella Chapman 
Corporal Zoug Zoug . Willie Edouin 



Hassan Marie Williams 

Sister Anne .... Lina Merville 

Fez Emily Duncan 

Zaid Kate Everleigh 

Beda Marion Elmore 



Reece and Farnie's burlesque of "Oxygen" was seen Aug. 27: 



Prince Fritz 
Van Fricasse 
Gretchen . 
Nilclause . 
Franz . . 
Van Blazen 
Hermance 



Lydia Thompson 
. Fred Marshall 
. Marion Elmore 
. Wm. Forrester 
. Willie Edouin 
. Kate Everleigh 
. Alice Atherton 



Hanserl Emily Duncan 

Otto Marie Williams 

Dr. Ox Horatio Saker 

Tarantula Ella Chapman 

Suzel Alice Burville 

Lotchen Lina Merville 



Alexander Henderson, husband of Lydia Thompson, and man- 
ager of this company, died at Cannes, France, Feb. i, 1886. 
Sept 12, "Robinson Crusoe," with Lydia Thompson in the title 
r61e. The next regular season opened Oct. i, 1877, with Bouci- 
cault's play "Marriage," which had this cast: 



Silas Auldjo .... John Gilbert 
Walter Auldjo . . Eben Plympton 
Constant Tiffe . . . Edward Arnott 
Mrs. Constant Tiffe . Rose Coghlan 
Mrs. Tarbox .... Mme. Ponisi 

Fannie Stella Boniface 

Archibald .... H. J. Montague 



Persimmons H. Beckett 

Virginia Effie Germon 

Mudgeon E. M. Holland 

Josephine Meta Bartlett 

Rosalie Pearl Eytinge 

Miss SnifEe . . . Mrs. John Sefton 
Celia Miss Thornton 



A matinee benefit was given Nov. 8 for the Custer Monument 
fund, when "Jane Eyre" was acted with this cast: 



Judith J. L. Carhart 

Rochester .... McKee Rankin 
Mrs. Reed .... Jenny Carroll 
Lady Clarens Emily Rigl 



Grace Miss Watson 

Adele Grade Wade 

Bessie Emily Lewis 

Jane Eyre (first time) . Clara Morris 



Frank Marshall's comedy drama, "False Shame," was first seen 
here Nov. 12, and had this cast: 



1878] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



291 



Earl of Dashington 
Hon. Chas. Ewart 
Arthur .... 
Ernest Bragleigh 
Col. Howard . . 
Lieut. Gray . . 



J. W. Shannon 

C. E. Edwin 

H. J. Montague 

. . E. Arnott 

. John Gilbert 

W. A. Eytinge 



Mary . . 
Philip . . 
Magdalen . 
Mrs. Howard 
Constance . 



. Meta Bartlett 

E. M. Holland 

. Rose Coghlan 

. Mme. Ponisi 

Stella Boniface 



" Won at Last, " by Steele Mackaye, was first played here Dec. 
10, when Gabrielle du Sauld made her first appearance at this 
theatre. It was thus cast : 



John Fleming . . 
Major Bunker 
Sophie Bunker . 
Baron Von Spiegel 
Prof. Tracy . . 
Dr. Sterling . . 



. H. J. Montague 
. . E. M. Holland 
Gabrielle du Sauld 
J. W. Shannon 
. . John Gilbert 
. . W. R. Floyd 



Will Eben Plympton 

Mrs. Tracy .... Mme. Ponisi 

Mandle W. A. Eytinge 

Driscol G. F. Browne 

Grace Rose Coghlan 

Flora Mrs. John Sefton 



Lester Wallack's first appearance this season was Jan. 14, 1878, 
as Adonis Evergreen in "My Awful Dad." "School" was acted 
Jan. 25, and continued for two weeks. For John Brougham's 
benefit (matin6e Feb. 14). "A Sheep in Wolf's Clothing," the 
third act of "School," and "Kerry" were given. In the latter 
play Katharine Rogers acted Blanche Desmond; George Clarke, 
Captain Desmond; and Dion Boucicault, Kerry. "Money" was 
revived Feb. 18, when John Brougham made his first appearance 
here in four years, acting Benjamin Stout; Lester Wallack as 
Alfred Evelyn; H. J. Montague, Capt. Dudley Smooth, and 
John Gilbert (for the first time in this city). Sir John Vesey. 
"London Assurance" was done March 18. "Diplomacy" had 
this cast for its first production April i : 

Henry Beauclercq . Lester Wallack 
Julian Beauclercq . H. J. Montague 
Countess Zicka . . . Rose Coghlan 
Lady Fairfax (first appearance 

at this theatre) . . Sara Stevens 
Dora (first appearance at this 

theatre) Maud Granger 



OrlofF . . 

Marquise . 

Algie . . 
Baron Stein 

Craven . . 

Antoine . . 

Minon . . 



Frederic Robinson 

Mme. Ponisi 

. W. R. Floyd 

J. W. Shannon 

W. A. Eytinge 

. . H. Ayling 

. Pearl Eytinge 



This comedy ran until the close of the season, June 16, and the 
next season commenced Sept. 10, 1878. The company consisted 
of John Gilbert, C. F. Coghlan, J. A. Kennedy, Charles Rock- 
well, Charles Barron, Wm. R. Floyd, Harry Beckett, J. W. Shan- 
non, E. M. Holland, W. J. Leonard, Mme. Ponisi, Rose Coghlan, 
Mrs. William Lindsay (Mrs. John Sefton), Effie Germon, Miss 
Blaisdell, John Brougham, C. E. Edwin, W. A. Eytinge, H. 
Pearson, Meta Bartlett, Stella Boniface, Nellie Bingham, Vin- 
cent Hogan, Pearl Eytinge, Mamie and Alice McCOrtttack, and 
Miss E. Grant. " Clarissa Harlowe " was the opening bill, and 
received this cast: 



292 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSyS 



Col. Harlowe . 
Lovelace . . 
The Professor 
Chaffinch . . 
James . . . 
Mrs. Harlowe . 
Clarissa . . 



John Gilbert 
. C. F. Coghlan 
J. W. Shannon 
. E. M. HoUand 
. W. J. Leonard 

Mme. Ponisi 
. Rose Coghlan 



Capt. Solmer 
Geo. Harlowe 
Jack Belcher 
Sir Giles 
Jacob Budd 
Gurtha . . 
Jennie . . 



Chas. Rockwell 

J. A. Kennedy 

Chas. Barron 

W. R. Floyd 

Harry Beckett 

Mrs. Lindsay 

Effie Germon 



This was the first appearance at this theatre of C. F. Coghlan, 
J. A. Kennedy, and Charles Barron. The Mrs. Lindsay who 
played Mrs. Gurtha, was formerly Mrs. John Sefton, who had been 
married to William Lindsay, turf reporter of The New York Clipper. 
"The School for Scandal " was presented Sept. 21, and had this 
cast: 

Lady Sneerwell . . . Pearl Eytinge 

Rowley W. J. Leonard 

Trip C. E. Edwin 

Lady Sneerwell's Servant, 

Harry Pearson 

Sir Peter John Gilbert 

Sir Oliver .... John Brougham 

Charles Chas. F. Coghlan 

Sir Benjamin .... Chas. Barron 

Oct. 7 " The Road to Ruin " was seen, when Genevieve Rogers 
appeared as Sophia Freelove; Oct. 21, "The Jealous Wife;" a 
matinee performance Oct. 23 of "The Road to Ruin," for the 
benefit of the yellow fever sufferers; Oct. 28, "The Rivals," with 
Chas. Coghlan as Capt. Absolute; matinee, Nov. 11, Burnand's 
comedy, " Our Club, " was first acted, and had this cast : 



Crabtree . . . 


. W. R. Floyd 


Moses .... 


E. M. Holland 


Careless . . . 


. Harry Beckett 


Sir Harry . . . 


Vincent Hogan 


Snake .... 


W. A. Eytinge 


Lady Teazle . . 


. Rose Coghlan 


Mrs. Candour . . 


. Mme. Ponisi 


Maria .... 


Stella Boniface 



Stanislaus . 
Alphonse . 
Henry . 
Capt. Ranger 
Baffley . . 
Doctor Stanmore 
Capt. Farrborough 
Tom Rippendale . 



. W. R. Floyd 
. C. F. Coghlan 
. Chas. Barron 

W. A. Eytinge 
. W. J. Leonard 

J. W. Shannon 
Chas. Rockwell 

E. M. Holland 



Richard Frobisher 
Mrs. Dubuisson 
Nellie Gourdon 
Amanda . . 
Lady Ethel 
Mrs. Wray 
Polly . . . 



. Harry Beckett 
. Effie Germon 
Stella Boniface 
. Minnie Vining 
. Rose Coghlan 
. Mrs. Lindsay 
Nellie Bingham 



Dec. 4, an adaptation from the German of "Mein Leopold," by 
Dr. F. Harris and Fred Williams, entitled "My Son," had its 
first representation, and was thus cast: 



Herr Mehlmeyer 
HerrWillner . . 
Herr Schwalbach 
Herr Weigel . . 
Leopold . . . 
Rudolph . . . 
Sandor . . . . 



. . H. Beckett 
John Brougham 

J. W. Shannon 
John Gilbert 

Chas. Rockwell 
. Chas. Barron 

E. M. Holland 



Hemple W. J. Leonard 

Clara Rose Coghlan 

Mina Effie Germon 

Frau Willner .... Mme. Ponisi 

Emma Stella Boniface 

Anna Meta Bardett 

Marie Pearl Eytinge 



1878] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



293 



A matinee benefit was tendered John Gilbert Dec. 5, in honor 
of the completion of his fiftieth year upon the stage. The pro- 
gramme was: Third act of "Almost a Life," with this cast: 



. Maud Granger Phillipe B. Maginley 

Eben Plympton Jerome Gus Levick 

. Rose Osborne Manuel B. T. Ringgold 

Henry Eytinge Colinet Chas. Leclercq 

Carlotta Evelyn M. Doranche . . . . E. H. Stevens 

. H. A. Weaver Madelaine Sadie Bigelow 

A recitation by George S. Knight came next, and was followed 
by "Kerry," with this cast: 



Avisie Doranche . 
Jules De Bonneval 
Countess Clairnot 
Count Clairnot . 
Frincine . . . 
Dr. Saumire . . 



Blanche Desmond 
Gerald Desmond 
Capt. Coldham 



Agnes Booth 

A. Stevenson 

C. Rockwell 



Kerry Dion Boucicault 

Dr. Mellish ... J. W. Shannon 
Kate Stella Boniface 



"A Morning Call," with Lester Wallack as Sir Edward Ardent 
and Ada Dyas as Lady Chillington, was the next item on the pro- 
gramme, and was succeeded by the screen scene from " The School 
for Scandal " : 



Sir Peter . 
Lady Teazle 



John Gibbs Gilbert 
. . Rose Coghlan 



Charles C. F. Coghlan 

Joseph Chas. Barron 



The third act of 



Count Vladimer 
Anna . . . 



W. Ramsey 
. Sara Jewett 



After this Mr. Gilbert addressed the audience. 
"The Danicheffs" was next seen, with this cast: 

Ossip . . . Chas. R. Thome, Jr. 

Nickifor H. F. Daly 

Countess Danichefii Mrs. E. J. Phillips 

Then came the "bagatelle " called "The Chinese Question " : 

Billy J. C. Williamson 

Kitty . . . Mrs. J. C. Williamson 
Nellie Leonore Bigelow 



Harry . . . 
Fred . . . , 
Mrs. Freewell 



W. S. Harkins 

. A. H. Stuart 

Miss A. Eaton 



The entertainment closed with the negro sketch, "Society 
Actors," by Billy Birch and Charley Backus. 

John G. Gilbert was born at Boston, Mass., Feb. 27, 1810, and 
was one of the few American-born actors connected with Wallack's 
Theatre. His first appearance on the stage was at the Tremont 
Theatre, in his native city, Nov. 28, 1828, as Jaffier, in "Venice 
Preserved." His first appearance in this city was at the Old 
Bowery Theatre in June, 1839, as Sir Edward Mortimer, in "The 
Iron Chest." He had prior to this been in the Southern theatres. 
It was at the old Camp Street theatre, New Orleans, La. , that he 
played small business. Being cast for Sir Frederick Vernon, in 
"Rob Roy," he resolved to make his mark. Just before going on 
for the part that night (he was letter perfect at rehearsal) he was 
anxiously waiting for his cue; but when it came and took him on 



294 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSys 

the stage he grew faint, dizzy, hot, and cold, by turns; in fact, 
he was taken with "stage fright," and was speechless. He was 
roundly hissed, which brought him to his senses, and he managed 
to get through the performance after a fashion. In April, 1847, he 
went to England, and appeared at the Princess' Theatre, London, 
as Robert Bramble, in "The Poor Gentleman." He returned to 
this country, and appeared at the old Park Theatre here, Sept. 30, 
1848, in "The Rivals." He remained at that theatre until its de- 
struction by fire, Dec. 16, 1848. He spoke the "tag" in "Naval 
Engagements," the last piece performed there, and had the last word 
on the stage. He first appeared at Wallack's Theatre (Thirteenth 
Street and Broadway) Sept. 22, 1862, as Sir Peter Teazle, and 
continued with Mr. Wallack until the end of that gentleman's 
management. His first wife died in this city, Oct. 27, 1866. 
His second wife (a non-professional lady) was Sarah H. Gavett, 
to whom he was married in June, 1867. He was one of the best 
representatives of old men ever seen on the American stage. He 
died at Boston, Mass., June 17, 1889, where he had been lying ill 
since May 22. Mr. Gilbert's ailment was Bright's disease of the 
kidneys. He had long been troubled with that malady, but had 
concealed the fact from his most intimate friends. He was con- 
scious until within three minutes of the end. On his seventy- 
eighth birthday, Feb. 27, 1888, he was given a dinner at the Lambs' 
club, this city. His last appearance on any stage was made 
with Joseph Jefferson's company, which concluded a two weeks' 
engagement in "The Rivals," at the Fifth Avenue Theatre, this 
city, on Nov. 10, 1888, Mr. Gilbert playing Sir Anthony; Mr. 
Jefferson, Bob Acres; and Mrs. John Drew, Mrs. Malaprop. 

Some of Mr. Gilbert's greatest impersonations were: King 
John, Hubert, King Philip, Cardinal Pandulph, Sir Peter Teazle, 
Sir Oliver Surface, Crabtree, Rowley, Sir Anthony Absolute, Kit 
Cosey, Sir William Dorrilon, Lord Pleony, Sir William Fondlove, 
Sir John Falstaff, Justice Woodcock, Malvolio, Polonius, the Ghost 
of King Hamlet, Dogberry, Adam, Leontes, Antigonus, Autoly- 
cus, Mr. Simpson, Lord Duberly, Tom Noddy, Captain Copp, 
Colonel Hardy, Governor Heartall, Sir Bashful Constant, Lord 
Ogleby, Dr. Cantwell, Sir Robert Bramble, Sir Francis Gripe, 
Squeers, Mr. Dombey, Justice Greedy, Colonel Damas, Admiral 
Kingston, Don Manuel, Old Hardcastle, Shylock, Sir Edward 
Mortimer, Dr. Dilworth, Sir Paul Pagoda, Sir Paladin Scruple, 
Sir Harcourt Courtley, Sarcasm, Dominie Sampson, Bailie Nicol 
Jarvie, Sir Alexander Shendryn, Penruddock, Adrastus, lago, 
Master Walter, Matthew Elmore, Henry VIII., Cardinal Wolsey, 
Jacques, Adam Brock, Old Norval, Job Thornberry, Jesse Rural, 
Menenius, Adam Winterton, Old Rapid, Mr. Aspen, and Coddle. 
He completely identified himself with his many characters, whether 



1879] 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



295 



as the choleric Sir Anthony Absolute, the polished old fop, Sir 
Harcourt Courtley, sturdy and tender Job Thornberry, or the aged 
and tottering Lord Ogleby, in "The Clandestine Marriage," 
which was a faultless performance. Roderick Penruddock, in 
"The Wheel of Fortune," was another capital impersonation of 
his. His Caleb Plummer, in "The Cricket on the Hearth," was 
a perfect gem, — a thoroughly artistic realization of the part, and 
his Col. Damas, in "The Lady of Lyons," was a fine dramatic pic- 
ture of the bluff and brave old soldier. 

The first time on any stage of Paul Merritt's play, "At Last," 
was Dec. 30, and with this cast : 



John Garlan . . . Lester Wallack 

Richard Roxby . . . C. F. Coghlan 

Austin Granby . . Chas. Rockwell 

Fitzroy Smith . . . , W. R. Floyd 



Magnum .... J. W. Shannon 
Mrs. Sharkleigh . . . Effie Germon 
Cissy Granby . . . Stella Boniface 
Annie Rose Coghlan 



"Ours" was revived Jan. 13, 1879. -^ matinee benefit was 
given Feb. 14 for the farewell of Sig. Brignoli, when the opera 
"Don Pasquale" was sung; Mile. lima De Murska as Norina, 
Brignoli as Ernest, Ferranti as Dr. Malatesta, Susini as Don 
Pasquale. 

Boucicault's adaptation from Dumas' " Spellbound " was first 
acted Feb. 24, The cast: 

Louis De La Roche . . Henry Lee 
Mariette .... Miss E. Blaisdell 

Remy C. E. Edwin 

Notary G. C. Sherman 

Gabrielle Rose Coghlan 

Mrs. Robinson . . . Mabel Jordan 

Suzanne Pearl Eytinge 

Marthe Minnie Vining 



Count Raoul . . . Lester Wallack 

Victor W. R. Floyd 

Charles Joseph Holland 

Ali Chas. Rockwell 

Mondor W. A. Eytinge 

Brissac W. J. Leonard 

George De Sonneval . E. M. Holland 
Mme. De La Roche, 

Mrs. G. C. Boniface 

This was the first appearance at this theatre of Henry Lee and 
Mabel Jordan, and the New York debut of Joseph Holland. " A 
Scrap of Paper" was first played at this house March 10, and re- 
ceived this cast: 

Prosper Couramount, Lester Wallack Louise^ de La Glaciere, Stella Boniface 
M. Brisemouche . . . John Gilbert 
Baron de La Glaciere, Chas. Rockwell 
Suzanne de Ruseville . Rose Coghlan 
Mile. Mathilde de Merival, 

Kate Bartlett 
Mme. Dupont . . Miss E. Blaisdell 

"The Snowball" had its first hearing here April 28, and was 
thus cast: 



Mile. Zenolie . . 


. . EiBe Germon 


Anatole .... 


. . N. S. Wood 


Baptiste . . . 


. . C. E. Edwin 


Frangois . . . 


. . . . J. Peck 


Pauline .... 


. . Pearl Eytinge 



Felix Featherstone . 
Harry Prendergast . 
Arabella Featherstone 



C. F. Coghlan 

W. R. Floyd 

Rose Coghlan 



Uncle John .... John Gilbert 

Ethel Stella Boniface 

Penelope Effie Germon 



296 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [11879 



" Delicate Ground " preceded the comedy, with Katharine Rogers 
as Pauline, and Mr. Coghlan as Citizen Sangfroid. A novel and 
unique representation of "Pinafore" in miniature commenced May 
5 by a company of juvenile actors. They gave a series of family 
matinees. The company was under the management of John T. 
Ford and E. E. Zimmerman. The performances were given each 
day in the week. " Pinafore " had this juvenile cast : 

Sir Joseph Porter . Harry Davenport Phoebe Ida Gallagher 

Ralph Rackstraw . . Miss Jennie Bill Bobstay R. Schmidt 

Tom Tucker . Baby Belle Goodman Bob Becket C. Minchin 

Tom Bowline . . . Ijarry Wagner First Marine . . . B. C. Anderson 

Dick Deadeye . . F. W. Haedrich Buttercup .... DoUie Williams 

Capt. Corcoran . . . . J. B. Smith Hebe Lillie Parslow 

Josephine NeUie Everest 

The season closed May 17, and a summer term commenced May 
19 with "As You Like It," Miss Ada Cavendish being the star: 



Rosalind . . 
Duke Frederick 
Jaques . . 
Orlando 
Adam . . 
Touchstone 
Oliver . . 
Corin . . 
Amiens . . 
Celia . . 
Le Beau 



Ada Cavendish 

F. A. Tannehill 
Fred. Robinson 

. Jos. Wheelock 
John Gilbert 

. Harry Gilbert 
Chas. Rockwell 
E. M. Holland 

. . Jas. Peakes 
Stella Boniface 
W. A. Eytinge 



Banished Duke . . . H. A. Weaver 

Sylvius J. A. Kennedy 

William C. E. Edwin 

Jaques De Bois . . . . M. Wilson 

Charles R. Warren 

Denis J. Peck 

Louis Frank Lull 

Eustace J. Carter 

Audrey Effie Germon 

Phebe Laura Wallace 



"The Hunchback," Miss Cavendish as Julia, June 4; "Miss 
Gwilt," dramatized from Wilkie Collins' novel of "Armadale," 
was acted for the first time in America June 5, with this cast : 



Allen Armadale 
Midwinter 
Major Milroy 
Police Detective 
Mr. Darch . , 



. Henry Lee 
Jos. Wheelock 
E. M. HoUand 

. . F. LuU 
C. Rockwell 



Francis . . . 
Miss Milroy . . 
Dr. Downward . 
Tradesmen's Boy . . 
Louisa (first appearance 

here) . . . 
Miss Gwitt . . 



C. E. Edwin 

Stella Boniface 

H. A. Weaver 

H. Pearson 

Helen Vincent 
Ada Cavendish 



Captain Manuel (first appearance 
here) F. Hardenbergh 

" Woolfert's Roost, or a Legend of Sleepy Hollow," by George 
Fawcett Rowe, was first acted on the stage here August 18, with 
this cast: 



Dolf Haverstraw 
Katrina . . 
John . . . 
The Ghost . . 
Phoebe . . . 
Ichabod Crane 



. . . Henry Lee 
. . Kate Forsyth 
. E. M. Holland 
. P. A. Anderson 
Connie Thompson 
John T. Raymond 



Brom Van Brunt . . F. Hardenbergh 
Baltus Van Tassel . J. W. Shannon 
Dame Haverstraw . . Mme. Ponisi 

Emma Courtney Barnes 

Mrs. Perkins .... Josie Myers 



The Maurice Grau French opera company began a short season 
Sept. 15, in "La Fille de Mme. Angot," which had this cast: 



I879D 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



297 



Clairette 
Amaranthe 
Javotte . . 
Therese 
Manon . . 
Babet . . 
Cydalise 
Delaunay . 
Herbelin . 
Hersilie 
Mile. Lange 



Paola Marie 

Mile. Delorme 

. Mile. Sylla 

Mile. Berthe 

Mile. Armand 

Mile. Duparc 

. Mile. Sylla 

Mile. Estradere 

Mile. J. Debray 

Mile. A. Bazin 

. Mile. Angele 



Pomponnet 
Larivaudiere 
Louchard 
Trenitz . 
Cadet . 
Guillaume 
Buteux . 
Un Incroyable 
Un Garcon 
Ange Pitou (first 
French opera) 



. Mr. Juteau 
. Mr. Jouard 
Mr. Duplan 
Mr. Vilano 
Mr. Terancle 
Mr. Dupuis 
. . Mauriez 
. Mr. Terbel 
Mr. Moreau 
appearance in 
. . M. Victor Capoul 



The next regular season opened Oct. 4, 1879, when "Contempt 
of Court " was seen for the first time, and with this cast : 



Clicquot 
Fanny . 
Louise . 
ClairviUe 
Galouette 
Mizas 



Harry Beckett 

. . Ada Dyas 

Rose Wood 

. W. R. Floyd 

E. M. Holland 

j. W. Shannon 



MarioUe .... Miss E. Blaisdell 
Leopold .... W. J. Leonard 
Mr. Delacour . Frank Hardenbergh 
Col. Lucenay . . . Chas. Rockwell 
Giraud (first appearance at 
this theatre). . . . J. H. Gilmour 



After thirty-two consecutive performances, it was withdrawn 
-Nov. 6, when Byron's "Our Girls" was acted for the first time, 
receiving this cast : 



Josiah Clench 
Lord Aspland 
Tony Judson . 
Clara Merton 
Plantagenet 



. Henry Edwards 

. . J. H. Gilmour 

Maurice Barrymore 

Stella Boniface 

Harry Beckett 



Thomas C. E. Edwin 

Mallet W. J. Leonard 

Mrs. Clench .... Mme. Ponisi 
Mabel Clench . . . Rose Wood 
Jane Emma Loraine 



This was the first appearance in this theatre of Harry Edwards, 
Maurice Barrymore, and Emma Loraine. Albert Lancaster's 
"Estelle, or False and True," followed. It was founded on 
Cherbuliez's novel, "Samuel Brohl and Company," and cast 
thus: 



Barwood Beech 
Blair . . 
Lord Milroy 
Dr. MoncrifE 
Millington . 
Nicolo . . 
Giacomo 



. . H. Beckett 
. E. M. Holland 
, J. H. Gilmour 
. W. J. Leonard 
G. C. Sherman 
. . T. Morgan 
H. Pearson 



Count Petrovsky . . Gerald Eyre 
Arthur Morton . Frederic Robinson 
Horace Chantrey . Harry Edwards 
Levi Rosenthal . . . C. E. Edwin 

Estelle Ada Dyas 

Princess Rose Wood 

Mrs. Blair EfBe Germon 

" Old Heads and Young Hearts " was presented Dec. 24, with 
the first appearance this season of John Gilbert, who had been 
ill for a long time. He acted Jesse Rural; J. H. (jilmour, Charles 
Roebuck; Maurice Barrymore, Littleton Coke; and Ada Dyas, 
Lady Alice. " She Stoops to Conquer " was given Dec. 29, with 
Lester Wallack as Charles Marlowe. Con. T. Murphy made his 
ddbut here, acting Jeremy. Lester Wallack had but just returned 
from a Western starring tour. This comedy was acted for one 
week, and the receipts were ;^io,ooo; for the matinee, ^1,589. 



298 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D880 



"A Scrap of Paper" was acted Jan. 5, 1880, when Thomas Jeffer- 
son (son of Joseph Jefferson) made his first appearance here. 
"London Assurance" was given Jan. 12; "She Stoops to Con- 
quer," Jan. 19; "My Awful Dad," Jan. 26. "The Shaughraun " 
was revived Feb. 2, and had this cast: 



Capt. Molineux . 

Robert Ffolliott . 

Claire Ffolliott , 
Bridget Madigan 

Father Dolan . . 

Corry Kinshela . 

Harvey Duff . . 



Maurice Barrymore 
. J. H. Gilmour 
. . Ada Dyas 
Miss £. Blaisdell 
John Gilbert 
Gerald Eyre 
. Harry Beckett 



Conn . . . 


. Dion Boucicault 


Moya . . . 


Stella Boniface 


Reilly . . . 


. Con. T. Murphy 


Arte O'Neal . 


. . Rose Wood 


Mrs. O'Kelly . 


. . Mme. Ponisi 


Nancy . . . 


. . . Minnie Vining 



"The Colleen Bawn " was produced Feb. 24; March 8 "The 
Liar " was revived, with this cast : 



Young Wilding . . Lester Wallack 
Sir James Elliott, Maurice Barrymore 
Old Wilding .... John Gilbert 
Papillion Harry Beckett 



John". . . . 
Miss Grantham 
Miss Godfrey . 



H, 



Pearson, Jr. 

Ada Dyas 

Mme. Ponisi 



"How She Loves Him " was produced March 15, with this cast: 



Tom Vacil . . 
Diogenes . . 
Dr. Maximum 
Dr. Skwertz . 
Sir Richard Hotspur 



Lester Wallack 
Dion Boucicault 
. W. J. Leonard 

J. W. Shannon 
John Gilbert 



Dick Hartley . . Maurice Barrymore 
Capt. Yawley . . . . J. H. Gilmour 
Dr. Minimum . . . Harry Edwards 



Atalanta Cruiser . . Stella Boniface 
Lady Selina Raffleticket, Mme. Ponisi 
Mrs. Tucker . . . Annie Myrtelle 
C. E. Edwin 
Rose Wood 
Minnie Vining 



Dr. Sparks 
Mrs. Vacil . 
Tippet . . 
Miss Dilwyn 



Jenny Boyd 



This was the first time Lester Wallack and Dion Boucicault 
were seen together in the same play. A matinee benefit was given 
March 1 7 in aid of The Herald Relief fund for the famine-stricken 
people in Ireland, when " How She Loves Him " was played to 
;^S9i.50; "Old Heads and Young Hearts" was seen March 29; 
April 5 " To Marry or Not to Marry " was played, and thus cast : 



Sir Oswin Mortland, 
Mr. Willowear . . 
Lady Susan Courtly 
Lord Danberry . . 



Lester Wallack 

. Harry Beckett 

. Effie Germon 

John Gilbert 



Thomas H. Pearson, Jr. 

Hester Stella Boniface 

Sarah Mortland . . . Mme. Ponisi 



George Hoey's drama, "A Child of the State," had this cast for 
its first production April 21 : 

The Count Maurice de Lancy, 

Maurice Barrymore 
Frederich Von Helmich, John Gilbert 
Louise Von Helmich . . Rosa Rand 

Christian Gerald Eyre 

Heinrich .... Harry Edwards 
Gros Ren^ .... Lester Wallack 



Fritz W. J. Leonard 

Bidoche George Ulmer 

Hans Verner . . . . C. E. Edwin 

Carl H. Pearson 

Gertrande Emily Rigl 

Marie Marion Booth 

Carline Stella Boniface 



l88oJ 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



299 



" My Awful Dad " was revived May 24 



Adonis Evergreen 
Baron Kotchbery 
Fibs . . . . . 
Emma .... 
Charlotte . . . 
Evangeline . . 



Lester Wallack 

J. W. Shannon 

Con. T. Murphy 

. Kate Bartlett 

Minnie Vining 

. Miss K. Smith 



Dibs 
Nibs . 
Cruets 
Matilda 
Mrs. Biggs 



. C. E. Edwin 
. . H. Pearson 
. W. J. Leonard 
Stella Boniface 
. Mme. Ponisi 



Geo. F. Devere, who was in the cast, made his debut here. The 
closing performance of the season was May 31, for the benefit of 
W. R. Floyd, when the following bill was offered: "To Oblige 
Benson," the third act of "Othello": 

John E. McCuUough 
. . . Marion Booth 



Othello . . 
Desdemona 



lago Edwin Booth 

Cassio Chas. Rockwell 

Emelia .... Genevieve Reynolds 

After this came "A Morning Call," Lester Wallack as Sir 
Edward and Ada Dyas as Mrs. Chillington. This was succeeded 
by the third and fourth acts of " London Assurance," Rose Coghlan 
as Lady Gay Spanker, and the entertainment closed with "The 
Irish Lion," EUie Wilton playing Mrs. Fitzgig. A special per- 
formance occurred June i for the farewell benefit of Harry Beckett. 
"The Household Fairy," one act of "She Stoops to Conquer," one 
act of "The Lady of Lyons," "Married," and Professor Herrmann 
made up the programme. 

A summer season commenced June 5, with F. S. Chanfrau in 
"Kit," which had this cast: 



Kit Chanfrau 

Judge Snuggs .... Leslie Allen 
Major Squigs . . . . H. A. Weaver 
Washington Stubbs . . S. H. Verney 
Manuel Bond . . . Fulton Russell 
Lord Fitzfoley . . . J. H. Gilmour 
James Temple . . . B. F. Horning 

George Conquest, with a burlesque and pantomime troupe, ap- 
peared Aug. 5, in "Grim Goblin," a two-act extravaganza, with 
this cast: 



Caesar Smith . 
Capt. Wheeler 
Alice Redding 
Mrs. Stubbs . 
Mrs. Temple . 
Frau Pedders . 
Sir Parker . . 



. Geo. Woodward 

W. J. Leonard 

Stella Boniface 

, . Marion Booth 

Victoria Cameron 

. . J. McDonald 

. W. V. Ranous 



Hie Hac 

Prince Pigmy 

Nix y . George Conquest 

Rokoko 

The Vampire Bat _ 

The Widow Grizzlegrief, Harry Allen 

Tallbones . . George Conquest, Jr. 

The Fairy Honeydew . Mile. Etheria 

Princess Melodia . Laura Conquest 

Shakeigh Shank . . . R. H. Nichols 

Boohbeigh M. W. Fiske 

Hopeful .... Maude Stafford 
Gobble A. W. Maflin 



Guzzle Ed. Chapman 

Waspino .... Lillian Lancaster 

Venomio H. Ricketts 

Poisano . . . ' . . . . G. Ricketts 

Agonus W. Elliott 

Stingono E. Havens 

Beppo Elsie Deane 

Peppo Bessie Temple 

Leppo Alice Wright 

Zeppo Louise Loring 

Sancho Susie Parker 

Pedro Sophie Hummel 



300 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisso 



On the opening night, while doing his act, the " Flying Fairy 
and Phantom Flight," in taking the flight, Geo. Conquest fell 
from the flies to the stage and sustained a compound fracture of 
his left leg. He did not afterwards perform in this country, and 
his characters were played by his son. This feat of the Flying 
Fairy consisted of the performer flying from floor to ceiling, where 
he grasped a swinging trapeze, to which a rope was thrown, and by 
which he descended to the stage as quickly as possible. The ac- 
cident was caused by the breaking of a rope. The engagement of 
this troupe was a failure, and it terminated Sept. ii. 

The twenty-ninth season, and the last of Wallack's company at 
this house, opened Sept. 30, 1880, with the following company: 
Osmond Tearle, Wm. Elton, Harry M. Pitt, John Gilbert, W. R. 
Floyd, Gerald Eyre, W. J. Leonard, W. H. Pope, Rose Coghlan, 
Stella Boniface, Adelaide Detchon, Kate Bartlett, Misses E. 
Blaisdell, M. Vining, and A. Elliott, Emma Loraine, Marion 
Booth, Mme. Ponisi, Effie Germon, Harry Pearson, Jr., C. E. 
Edwin, J. H. Gilmour, John W. Jennings, and Harry Edwards. 
John Gilbert was acting manager; W. R. Floyd, stage director; 
J. S. Wright, prompter; Theo. Moss, treasurer; and Thomas 
Baker, musical director. " As You Like It " was the opening 
production : 



Jaques Osmond Tearle 

Adam John Gilbert 

Orlando Harry M. Pitt 

Oliver Gerald Eyre 

Le Beau J. H. Gilmour 

Amiens James G. Peakes 

Corin W. J. Leonard 

Sylvius Albert Roberts 

Touchstone .... William Elton 



The Banished Duke, Harry Edwards 
Duke Frederick . . James Harrison 
Charies, the Wrestler . J. M. Laflin 

Denis H. Pearson, Jr. 

Rosalind Rose Coghlan 

Celia Stella Boniface 

Audrey Effie Germon 

Phebe Marion Booth 



Harry Pitt, William Elton, and Osmond Tearle made their 
American d^but on this occasion. It was also the first appear- 
ance at this theatre of James Harrison and Albert Roberts. 

"The Guv'nor" was first acted Oct. 19, and marked the first ap- 
pearance here of Conway, Adelaide Detchon, and W. L. Gleason. 
"The Guv'nor" had this cast: 



Butterscotch .... John Gilbert 

Freddy Osmond Tearle 

Gregory .... W. L. Gleason 

Cantle Albert Roberts 

Aurelia EiHe Germon 

Theodore Macclesfield, William Elton 
Mrs. Macclesfield . . Mme. Ponisi 



The MacToddy . . . Gerald Eyre 
Carrie .... Adelaide Detchon 

Theodore Harry M. Pitt 

Cab Driver .... C. E. Edwin 

Ullage George Conway 

Kate Stella Boniface 



"Forget Me Not" was first seen here Dec. 18, and was thus 
cast: 



I88lj 



WALLACK'S THEATRE 



301 



Sir Horace Welby . Osmond Tearle 
Prince Malleotti . . Harry Edwards 

Stephanie Rose Coghlan 

Rose, Vicomtesse de Brissac, 

Agnes Elliott 



Alice Verney 
Barrato . . 
Roberts . . 
Luigi . . 
Mrs. Foley 



Stella Boniface 

Gerald Eyre 

Harry J. HoUiday 

H. Pearson, Jr. 

. Mme. Ponisi 



Extra matinees on Wednesday of "The Guv'nor" commenced 
Dec. 22 and continued for four weeks. " The School for Scandal " 
was revived Jan. 24, 1881. "Forget Me Not" had to be withdrawn 
in obedience to an order of the Superior Court, an injunction having 
been applied for by Genevieve Ward, who claimed the sole right to 
the play. The last performance was Jan. 13. "Where 's the Cat.' " 
a comedy by James Alberry, was first seen here Feb. 5, when Rose 
Wood made her first appearance this season. It was thus cast : 



Garroway Fawn 
Scott Ramsay 
Geo. Smith 
Stella . . . 
Nan .... 



Osmond Tearle 

. Horatio Saker 

. . Wm. Elton 

Rose Wood 

Emma Loraine 



Percival Gay 
First Guide 
Mrs. Smith 
Dagmar 
Madge . . 



. . . H. M. Pitt 

Harry HoUiday 

. . EfBe Germon 

Adelaide Detchon 

Stella Boniface 



Byron's comedy, "The Upper Crust," was heard Feb. 23, and 
had this cast : 



Lord Hesketh . . Harry Edwards 

Robert Boobleton . Osmond Tearle 

Barnaby Doublechick . Wm. Elton 

Kate Stella Boniface 



Lady Boobleton . . . Mme. Ponisi 

Walter H. M. Pitt 

Nora .... Adelaide Detchon 



March 1 1 " The Rivals " was given ; March 24, " Old Heads and 
Young Hearts; " " A Scrap of Paper " was given March 29 and ran 
until April 11, when Lester Wallack made his last appearance at 
this house as Prosper Couramount. " The World " was first pro- 
duced in America under the management of Samuel Colville, April 
12, at this house, and cast thus : 



Mo. Jewell William Elton 

Blackstone .... Wilmot Eyre 

Lumley D. Leeson 

Owen W. J. Leonard 

Ned Emma Loraine 

Dr. Wyndham ... C. E. Edwin 
Clement Huntingford Osmond Tearle 
Harry Huntingford . . Harry M. Pitt 
Martin Bashford . . . Gerald Eyre 



Dr. Hawkins . . George W. Conway 
Commissioner in Lunacy, 

H. Pearson, Jr. 



Detective . . . 
Mabel Huntingford 
Mary Blythe . . 
Locksley . . . 
Lawrence . . . 
Joe 



Robert Warren 

Stella Boniface 

Adelaide Detchon 

. Harry Gwynette 

Albert Roberts 

. H. HoUiday 



The lime light has proved an important factor in all melodramas 
produced of late years. I have searched many authorities to as- 
certain when it was first used in a theatre. When Charles Kean 
revived "Henry VIH." at the Princess' Theatre, London, in 1855, 
this mode of lighting the stage was said to be its first adoption. 
But it had already been used by James R. Anderson in the Drury 



302 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cissi 

Lane Theatre spectacle of "Azrael the Prodigal." Desiring to 
obtain "further light" on this subject, I wrote to Mr. Anderson, 
who says that the lime light was very much improved in 1851-52, 
when " Azrael " was brought out, but that within his own personal 
knowledge it had been used so far back as the season of 1837-38. 

At that time it was the exclusive property of Fred Gye (after- 
wards the Italian opera manager). It was secured by Wm. Macready 
to give effect to certain views in the Covent Garden pantomime of 
" Peeping Tom of Coventry. " Notwithstanding its great effect in 
the moonlight views, Mr. Macready thought the expense of hire 
(^7.25 a night) too great, and he did not use it after the first week. 

Rose Coghlan's first benefit in America took place on the after- 
noon of June I, when "Camille" was acted. The season closed 
July 2, and Mr. Lester Wallack retired from the management of 
the theatre. Some of the notable performances in the old days, 
not only on account of their artistic quality, but on account of the 
then large receipts, were "The Poor Gentleman," which drew on 
its opening night $6$^ 5 "The Provoked Husband," which averaged 
^553 for several performances; "She Stoops to Conquer," which 
played seven times in one season to an average of 1^780; "Still 
Waters Run Deep," which averaged ;^8oo; "School for Scandal," 
the same; and "Captain of the Watch," ;^500. Many of the 
habitues of the old Wallack's will recall a favorite play entitled 
"Central Park." That was down to average receipts of 1^480. 
Five performances of "The Belle's Stratagem," another old time 
Wallack's favorite, averaged ^450. The first performance of "The 
Rivals," during the season of 1863, was a red letter night, the re- 
ceipts having been ;^900. But the great run of those days was 
made by "Rosedale," in which Lester Wallack was a singularly 
graceful, handsome, and attractive hero. The r61e fitted him ad- 
mirably. The play ran in 1863 for one hundred and twenty-five 
nights, something almost unprecedented, and brought in average 
receipts of $710, which at present theatre prices for seats would 
be ;^i,482. When the play was revived in 1865, it had nineteen 
performances to average receipts of ^900. The most phenomenal 
run at the house occurred during the following decade, when Dion 
Boucicault produced " The Shaughraun, " which had one hundred 
and forty-three performances, with total receipts of $220,076.50. 
The evening performances averaged $1,617; the matinees, $1,390. 
"The World," an English melodrama, made one of the "runs" of 
the old house. It was given eighty-four times to a total of $65,000. 
"Youth," another English melodrama, was produced the following 
season, and made even a better run, — seventy-seven performances 
to $73,000. As in 1861, the trend was again up town, and if 
Lester Wallack resorted to melodrama to attract his patrons, it 
was because the old comedies which had been so delightfully 



1883: 



THE STAR THEATRE 



303 



given at his house were no longer potent enough to draw audiences 
like those of its earlier days. 

After Lester Wallack's retirement the name of this house was 
changed to "The Germania Theatre," Sept 15, 1881. The 
manager was Adolph Neuendorff. 

Feb. 23, 1882, Henry E. Abbey commenced a brief season of 
Italian opera, with Adelina Patti in "La Traviata." "II Bar- 
biere," Feb. 27; "Faust," March 2-6; "II Trovatore," March 9, 
Patti as Leonore; "Lucia," March 13; and Patti's last appearance 
March 16, in "La Traviata," when the season closed. The prices 
of admission were: Orchestra, ;^8; first three rows in balcony, $8; 
remaining rows, ;^5; first three rows second balcony, $4; remain- 
ing rows, ^3. On the " off " nights German plays were seen. An 
extra performance was given prior to Patti's departure for Europe, 
April 3, when she sang "Lucia." German performances were 
then resumed by Mr. Neuendorff 

A season of English opera commenced May 8, by the I. W. 
Norcross company, with "The Mascot," which ran for over a 
month. "The Merry War" was produced, for the first time on 
any stage in English, June 26, and had this cast: 



Umberto Spinola 
Fortunato Franchetti 
Violetta . . , 
Riccardo Surraza 
Van Scheelen 
Biffi . . . . 
Artemisia . . 
Theresa . . 
Gioranini . . 



W. T. Carleton 

Mr. Ross 

. Dora Wiley 

. Mr. Jones 

Mr. Schmidt 

Mr. Canard 

. Bella Cole 

Miss Arlington 

Miss Lincoln 



Bettina Miss Power 

Carlo Spuizzi Mr. Hunt 

Balthasar Groot .... Mr. Adolfi 

Gini Rose Wilson 

Elsa Louise Paullin 

Camilla Miss Elbon 

Agnese Miss Wisdom 

Francesca Campbell 



Lester Wallack resumed possession of this house Jan. 10, 1883, 
it having failed as a German theatre. It was reopened March 26 
as the " Star Theatre, " by which name it was known until it 
ceased to exist. 



THE STAR THEATRE 



T 



HE first production at the Star 
Vice Versa, " and the cast was : 



Theatre was Boucicault's 



Phenix O'Flattery . Dion Boucicault 
Mrs. Clingstone Peach, Sadie Martinot 
Angelina Hyde . . Therese Waldron 
Jeremiah Dodge . . Owen S. Fawcett 

Madge Sara Von Leer 

Count Popoir .... J. J. Wallace 
Count Kickemoff . . . . D. Ellis 



Baron Jugowiski ... P. S. Cooke 
John Hyde . . . Benj. Maginley 

Alexander G. Gilmore 

Isidor Mr. Bland 

Joe Reynolds 

Wilkinson G. Clarke 

Mrs. Cudley .... Miss Bowen 



The house was closed April 11 for a rehearsal of "The Shau- 
ghraun," produced matinee of April 12 for the Actors' Fund benefit. 
The cast was : 



304 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE E1883 



Capt. Molineux . . . Wm. Herbert 
Corry Kinchela . . P. A. Anderson 

Nancy Miss Myers 

Robert FfoUiott . . . . C. W. Day 
Harvey Duff .... Wm. Elton 

Reilly G. Reynolds 

Sullivan King 

Donovan Newton 



Claire FfoUiott 
Biddy . . 
Father Dolan 
Sergt. Jones 
Arte . . . 
Mrs. O'Kelly 
Moya . . 



. EUie Wilton 

Miss L. Langdon 

Ben. Maginley 

. . J. E. Bland 

Therese Waldron 

Mme. Ponisi 

Sadie Martinet 



Boucicault's play, "The Amadan," was seen April 19, with this 
cast: 



Colley . . . 
Michael O'Leary 
Owen Darrell 
Boyle Carew 
Ted Carew 
Dr. Fogarty 
Elfie Carew 



Dion Boucicault, Jr. 

. Dion Boucicault 

. . Wm. Herbert 

. . Chas. Foster 

. . Arthur Forrest 

. . Ben. Maginley 

. . Lillian Cleves 



Rooney Walton 

Foxey Joseph A. Wilkes 

Col. O'Keefe Clarke 

Clancey Reynolds 

Mulligan King 

Dora Sadie Martinot 

Miss Dodd . . Mrs. Mary Barker 



"The Colleen Bawn" was revived, with Dion Boucicault as 
Myles ne-Coppaleen, Dion Boucicault, Jr., as Danny Mann, Sadie 
Martinot as Eily, and Lillian Cleves as Anne Chute. Matinee, 
May 31 William Elton took a farewell benefit, when "Hamlet" 
was acted, with Osmond Tearle as Hamlet, Rose Coghlan as 
Ophelia, and Mr. Elton as the First Grave-digger. The next 
season commenced Aug. 27, 1883, with Lawrence Barrett in 
"Francesca da Rimini," which had this cast: 



Lanciotto .... Lawrence Barrett 
Cardinal Malespini . . Errol Dunbar 
Lodovico . . Master Eugene Sanger 
Marco .... Herman Groneberg 
Francesca . . . Marie Wainwright 
Count Paolo .... Otis Skinner 

Malatesta B. G. Rogers 

Beppo Pepe .... Louis James 

Oct. 18 a matinee performance of " Richelieu "was given for the 
benefit of the St. Vincent's Hospital. Oct. 29 was the American 
debut of Henry Irving and his London company in "The Bells," 
cast as follows : 



Rene 
Lucentio 
Vicentio 
TorelU . 
Captain . 
Officer . 
Ritta 



. . Percy Winter 
Wilton A. Lackaye 
. W. F. Gerald 
. A. T. Riddle 
. . S. Du Bois 
. W. S. Ward 
Addie Plunkett 



Mathias Mr. Irving 

Walter Mr. Carter 

Hans Mr. Johnson 

Christian Mr. Terriss 

Dr. Zimmer .... Mr. Haviland 
Notary Mr. Harbury 



Mesmerist 
Catherine 
Sozel 
Annette 



President of the Court 
Clerk of the Court . 



. . Mr. Archer 

. Mrs. Pauncefort 

Miss Harwood 

Miss A. Coleridge 



. Mr. Tyars 
Mr. Harwood 



The prices for this engagement were fixed as follows : Orchestra 
and balcony, ^3 each; back balcony, $2; family circle, reserved, 
^1.50, and general admission, $1. Speculators were asking from 
$7 to $8 for the best orchestra seats. Mr. Irving was called before 



18833 



THE STAR THEATRE 



305 



the curtain several times after each act. "Charles I." was pro- 
duced Oct. 30, and in it Ellen Terry, Mr. H. Howe, Mr. Lyndall, 
Miss De Sylva, and Miss F. Holland made their first appearances. 
The entire organization was brought to this country from Europe 
by Mr. Irving. H. J. Loveday was stage manager; J. Meredith 
Ball, musical director. Bram Stoker was the acting manager. 
"Charles I." was acted Oct. 30 for one week, except evening 
Nov. 3, when "The Bells" was first given, with Mr. Irving as 
Mathias ; Nov. 5, " Louis XL ; " Nov. 6, 7, 8, 9, matinee Nov, 
10, "The Merchant of Venice;" Nov. 12, 13, "The Lyons Mail;" 
Nov. 14, IS, 16, 17, "The Merchant of Venice;" Nov. 19, 20, 
"The Belle's Stratagem." 

A professional matinee was given Nov. 20, when "Louis XI." 
had this cast : 



Due de Nemours 


. W. Terriss 


Sieur de Commines . 


Harbury 


Jacques Coitier . . 


T. Wenman 


Monseigneur de Lude 


. . Dwyer 


The Count de Dunois 


. . Marion 


Louis XI 


Henry Irving 


The Dauphin . . . 


A. Andrews 


Tristan I'Ermite . . 


. . . Tyars 


Oliver de Dain 


. . Archer 


Francis de Paule 


. T. Mead 



Cardinal D'Alby - . . . Helmsley 

Count de Dreux Louther 

Montjoie Lyndall 

Marcel Johnson 

Richard Harvey 

Didier Epitaux 

Marie Millward 

Jeanne Harwood 

Martha Payne 



"Louis XL" was repeated Nov. 21; Nov. 22, "The Lyons 
Mail;" Nov. 23, "The Merchant of Venice;" matinee Nov. 24, 
"The Bells" and "The Belle's Stratagem;" and Mr. Irving and 
company closed evening Nov. 24, with the first act of " Richard 
IIL," Irving as Gloster, "The Belle's Stratagem," and Mr. 
Irving recited Hood's poem, "The Dream of Eugene Aram." 

Robson and Crane followed commencing Nov. 26 in " The Board- 
ing House." Their company was composed of A. S. Lipman, 
Chas. S. Dickson, M. B. Snyder, Herbert Ayling, J. K. Morti- 
mer, Jr., Frank E. Ambrose, Mainswaring, Swift, Sam Wright, 
Emily E. Baker, Mary Myers, Leonora Bradley, Georgie Dickson, 
Flora May Henry, Mattie Snyder, Belle Chapman, Rose Snyder. 

Edwin Booth commenced an engagement Dec. 10, in " Riche- 
lieu." Dec. 12, 13, 14, "Leah." Evening Dec. 15, W. E. Sheri- 
dan acted Sir Giles Overreach in " A New Way to Pay Old Debts." 
He died at Sydney, Aus., May 15, 1887. His first wife was Sarah 
Hayes, who was drowned by the sinking of the propeller Metis in 
Long Island Sound, in the fall of 1872. She was on her way to 
join her husband. Mr. Sheridan's last appearance in this city was 
at the People's Theatre. During the war he served with the Sixth 
Ohio Regiment, and with the Signal Corps. He held the rank 
of captain, and was severely wounded in the arm at the battle of 



VOL. 11.— 20 



3o6 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE E1884 

Resaca, Ga. His determination to die rather than submit to ampu- 
tation preserved to him that important member of his body. On 
Dec. 17, 18, matinee, Dec. 22, Booth appeared as Hamlet; Dec. 
ig, 20, 21, Bertuccio in "The Fool's Revenge;" Saturday even- 
ing, Dec. 22, W. E. Sheridan acted " Louis XI. ; " Dec. 24 Booth 
acted lago; Christmas matinee and night, Sheridan repeated " Louis 
XL ;" Dec. 26, 29, Booth as lago, Sheridan as Othello; Dec. 27, 
28, "The Merchant of Venice" and "Taming of the Shrew," 
Booth as Shylock and Petruchio; matinee Dec. 29, "Othello;" 
evening Dec. 29, Sheridan as Louis XI.; Dec. 31, Jan. i, and 
matin6e, Jan. s, 1884, "Macbeth," Booth as the hero, Eben 
Plympton as Macduff; Jan. 2, 3, 4, "Hamlet;" matinee, Dec. 5, 
"Macbeth;" evening Jan. 5, Sheridan as Ingomar, Louise Daven- 
port (Mrs. W. E. Sheridan) as Parthenia; Jan. 7, 8, Booth as 
Richelieu; Jan. 9, 10, "The Fool's Revenge;" Jan. 11, matinee, 
Jan. 12, "King Lear;" evening, Jan. 12, D. H. Harkins as 
Richard III. ; Jan. 14 and matinee, Jan. 19, Booth as Hamlet; 
Jan. 15, "King Lear;" Jan. 16, "The Merchant of Venice" and 
Petruchio in "Taming of the Shrew;" Jan. 17, "Macbeth;" Jan. 
18, "Richelieu," and Booth closed with "Hamlet," matinee, Jan. 
19; evening, Jan. 19, D. H. Harkins as Richard III. 

Emma Latham made her debut Jan. 21 as Constance in "The 
Love Chase." The cast: 



Wildrake Barton Hill 

Waller Wilmot Eyre 

Trueworth .... J. C. Buckstone 

Neville John Germon 

Lash Mr. Johns 

Widow Green .... EfRe Germon 



Alice Miss E. Blaisdell 

Phcebe .... Miss C. Edgerton 

Lydia Anita Fallon 

Sir William Fondlove, Harry Edwards 
Humphreys . . . Marcus Moriarty 



This lady closed her engagement Jan. 26 with this programme : 
I. Hunting scene from "The Love Chase." 2. The murder scene 
from "Macbeth." 3. Recitation, "The Old Church Organ," W. 
Carleton. 4. Curse scene from "Leah." 5. Recitation, "The 
Polish Boy." 6. Balcony scene from "Romeo and Juliet." 7. 
Potion scene from "Romeo and Juliet." Jan. 28, Mestayer & 
Barton's company, consisting of Harry Bloodgood, Robert E. 
Graham, John Gilbert, James B. RadclifEe, C. A. Steadman, H. 
A. Cripps, W. A. Mestayer, Kate Foley, Lisle Riddell, Helen 
Lowell, and Sophie Hummel, appeared Jan. 28 in "Wanted, a 
Partner." Feb. 11, Modjeska began an engagement in "Nad- 
jezda," by Maurice H. Barrymore: 



THE PROLOGUE 



Nedjezda Modjeska 

Praxeda . . Mrs. M. A. Pennoyer 
Khorvitch .... Frank Clements 



lanoush Edwin Cleary 

Little Nadine . . Little Winnie Reed 



I884II 



THE STAR THEATRE 



307 



THE PLAY 



Khorvitch, under the name of 

Baron Barsh . . Frank Clements 
Prince ZabaroufF - . .Ian Robinson 
Lord Alsager ... T. L. Coleman 
Paul Devereux, Maurice H. Barrymore 



lanoush Bolski . . . Edwin Cleary 
Honorable Miles O'Hara 

Forbes Dawson 
Eureka Grubb . . . Georgie Drew 
Nadine Modjeska 



Feb. 23 Modjeska acted Viola in "Twelfth Night;" Feb. 25, 
28, "Nadjezda;" Feb. 26, and matinee, Feb. 30, "Camille;" 
Feb. 27, 30, "As You Like It;" Feb. 29, " Frou Frou." 

During the season of 1884-85, the name of Lester Wallack was 
removed from the programmes of this theatre, and Theo. Moss' 
appeared as manager and proprietor. 

John E. McCullough commenced his last New York engagement 
March 3, in " Virginias " : 



Lucius Frank Little 

Marcus William Haworth 

Titus . . 1 . . Edward Wilson 

Servius John V. Dailey 

Cneus Edward Spencer 

Soldier Edward Goodwin 

Virginia Viola Allen 



Virginius .... John McCullough 

Servia Augusta Foster 

Female Slave .... Cora Leslie 

Icilius Joseph Haworth 

Appius Claudius .... Mark Price 
Caius Claudius . . . H. C. Barton 
Dentatus .... H. A. Langdon 
Numitorius . . . . J. H. Shewell 

Two weeks were devoted to "Virginius," which was followed, 
March 17, by "The Gladiator" for one week. During the week 
beginning March 24, "Brutus, or the Fall of Tarquin," "Othello," 
"Virginius," "The Gladiator," and "Richard HI.," were given. 
McCullough's last appearance on any stage was made Sept. 29^ 1884, 
as Spartacus in "The Gladiator," at McVicker's Theatre, Chicago. 
His acting on his last night clearly showed his great physical and 
mental weakness. He required frequent prompting, and in the 
death scene he nearly broke down. Some of the audience hissed 
and jeered. Mr. McCullough came before the curtain at the close, 
and, looking around ironically and with a half-dazed expression 
that would have moved to pity a more intelligent gathering, fal- 
tered out: "This is the best-mannered audience I ever saw. If 
you had suffered as I have, you would not have done this." On 
June 27, 1885, he was placed in Bloomingdale Insane Asylum, 
this city. He remained there until Oct. 2$ of the same year, when 
he was removed to his home in Philadelphia, where he died Nov. 
8, 1885. His remains were taken to Monument cemetery, and 
temporarily buried. 

An autopsy was made Nov. 17 and the physicians found that 
there was a disease of the blood vessels of the brain, diie to blood 
poison. 

John E. McCullough was not a great actor. But off the stage 
he was a favorite — a man of genial temperament and warm heart. 



3o8 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [11884 

His kindness of disposition knew no limits, and his many chari- 
ties, unostentatious and sincere, will keep his memory green 
for years to come. His list of parts and plays was as follows: 
Virginius, Othello, Lucius Brutus in "Brutus, or the Fall of 
Tarquin," Brutus in "Julius Caesar," lago, Macbeth, King Lear, 
Coriolanus, Spartacus in "The Gladiator," Benedick in "Much 
Ado About Nothing," Shylock in " The SlVlerchant of Venice," 
Petruchio in "Taming of the Shrew," Faulconbridge in "King 
John," Richard IH., Cardinal Wolsey in "Henry VIH.," Hamlet, 
Pierre in "Venice Preserved," Richelieu, Jack Cade, The Stranger, 
St. Pierre in "The Wife," Damon, Metamora, Claude Melnotte in 
"The Lady of Lyons," Duke Aranza in "The Honeymoon," Ingo- 
mar, Rolla in "Pizarro," Alfred Evelyn in "Money," Master 
Walter in "The Hunchback," and Febro in "The Broker of Bo- 
gota." Mr. McCullough went to Europe three times. He sailed 
from this city, June 5, 1880, on a pleasure trip in company with 
E. A. Sothern, John T. Raymond, and Rose Coghlan. He did 
not act that time, but when he revisited England in April, 1881, 
he opened at Drury Lane Theatre, London, in " Virginius. " The 
engagement continued till May 21, and he was seen also in 
"Othello." Pecuniarily it was not successful. He again crossed 
the water June 29, 1884, and went to the Springs of Carlsbad, 
Germany, for his health. It was while acting at Cincinnati, O., 
at the Dramatic Festival, that he began to show signs of serious 
illness. He acted Brutus, Othello, and Master Walter. This was 
from April 29 to May 4, 1884. The will of John E. McCullough 
proved that he was worth ;^28,ooo. His widow died at Philadel- 
phia in July, 1888. A monument to his memory was unveiled at 
Mount Moriah cemetery, near Philadelphia, Nov. 28, 1888. It 
represents in bronze McCullough as Virginius. On the face of 
the base is a design of crossed foils and fasces of the Roman lictors 
with the masks representing Tragedy and Comedy. It cost $2, 200, 
and the total cost of the monument and grounds was 589,300. The 
inscriptions upon the monument are as follows : 

His life was gentle, and 'the elements 

So mixed in him, that Nature might stand up 

And say to all the world : " This was a man." 

Manliness and weakness in him were so allied that they who judged him by his 
strength or weakness saw but a single side. 

Erected to the memory of the eminent tragedian, John E. McCullough, by his 
friends John W. Mackey, William H. Thomson, William M. Conner, William F. 
Johnson, John B. Carson, W. J. Florence, Mary Anderson, and others. 

Henry Irving and company reappeared March 31 in "Much 
Ado About Nothing." April 22, "Louis XI.;" April 23, 24, 
"The Merchant of Venice;" April 25, "Charles I.;" April 26, 



Z884l] 



THE STAR THEATRE 



309 



the trial scene from "The Merchant of Venice," fourth act of 
"Louis XL," third act of "Charles I.," and fourth act of "Much 
Ado About Nothing," with Irving in all these plays, and his en- 
gagement closed. Mme. Janauschek came April 28 for two weeks. 
" Zillah, the Hebrew Mother " was the opening piece, and her com- 
pany was: Geo. D. Chaplin, Jas. H. Taylor, Ogden Stevens, 
Henrietta Irving, Lavinia Shannon, Alex H. Stuart, Joseph 
Adelman, Giles Shine, Louis Bresn, Frank McDonald, Geo. 
Conner, Emmie Wilmot, Virginia Brooks, and Evelyn Cooke. 
Janauschek acted Lady Dedlock in "Bleak House" May 5 and 
all the week. 

"The Pulse of New York," by R. G. Morris, had its first per- 
formance May 10, and the cast was : 



Fanny Gainsborough 
Walter Harding, Jr. . 
Walter Harding, Sr. 
Charles Howard . . 
Hannibal Pinetop . 
Van Renssalaer . . 
Mr. Minthorne . . 
Inspector Barnes 
Sergeant O'Malley . 
Adelina Murphy > 
Kitty McGonigle J * 
Judge Brandenburg - 
Clerk Toppins . . 
Doorman Mahone . 



. Caroline Hill 

. A. S. Lipman 

Edw. S. Coleman 

. L. F. Massen 

Frank Lane 

. Henry Tarbon 

W. L. Denison 

Geo. Clarke 

. H. D. Clifton 

Ada Deaves 

. Max Freeman 

Edw. Pancoast 

. Frank Green 



Edward Golden 
Tramp . . . 
Joe Simpson . 
Martin Adams 
Youth . . . 
Pete .... 
Turnkey Farr . 
Lucy Golden . 
Thomas Smith 
Peter Hannock 
Patrolman . . 
Mrs. Friery 
Crier Hogan . 
Deputy Feilly - 



Gerald Eyre 

. Nick Long 

Fred'k Barry 

Oscar Todd 

John March 

. Chas. Frew 

. Rich. Fox 

. Viola Allen 

Jas. Maxwell 

J. C. Arnold 

Stanley Macy 

. Lida Lacy 

Geo. Mathews 

. Wm. Rose 



Edward H. Sothern appeared May 26 in a farce called " Whose 
Are They? " which had this cast : 



Theophilus Pocklinton 

Melchisidec Flighty, 
Peter Maudlin . . 



Joseph Haworth 
Edward Sothern 
. J. R. Shewell 



Gertie Mooney 
Amelia . . . 
Mrs. Griffin . 
Seraphina . . 



. Lizzie Jeremy 

Eva Sothern 

Annie Douglas 

Eva Barrington 



A matinee performance took place May 29 for the benefit of 
Professor Goldberg, the magician, when "Leah, the Forsaken" 
was acted, with this cast: 



Lorenz Thomas Morris 

Pastor Geo. Jordan 

Peter Gus Reynolds 

Abraham .... John Matthews 
Little Leah . . . Tommy Russell 

Reuben Walter Bronson 

Schoolmaster . . J. Winston Murray 



Joseph Arthur Forrest 

Leah Sara Neville 

Anna Anna Boyle 

Martha .... Mrs. Geo. Jordan 
A Jewess .... Marie Hilforde 
Rose Bettie Frobescher 



Aug. 18 the spectacle "Sieba" was produced in elaborate style, 
and with this cast : 



3IO A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D885 



Sieba Odette. Tyler 

Puck Vernona Jarbeau 

Sybilla Amy Lee 

Savanta Olga Brandon 

Electra Ethel Brandon 

Theora .... Mrs. Selden Irwin 



Prince Harold . . A. S. Lipman 
Countess Ruperta . Emmie Wilmot 
Nicodemus ... M. A. Kennedy 

Cadmo John Jack 

Surtur .... Frank Tannehill, Jr. 



The Cambaggio-Sieni Italian opera company opened Oct. 21 
for two weeks. Henry Irving returned with Ellen Terry and his 
company Nov. 10 in "The Merchant of Venice; " Oct. 13, "Much 
Ado About Nothing;" Oct. 15, "Louis XI.;" Oct. 17, "The 
Lyons Mail;" Oct. 18, for the first time in New York, "Twelfth 
Night ; " Oct. 26, first time in this city, " Hamlet ; " Dec. 4, " Shy- 
lock;" Dec. 5, "Charles I.;" Dec. 6 Irving closed. Charlotte 
Thompson appeared Dec. 8 in "Jane Eyre," and Dec. 10, "East 
Lynne;" Adelaide Ristori opened Dec. 22 in "Elizabeth," the 
cast of which was: 



Elizabeth .... Adelaide Ristori 
Lady Sarah Howard, Augusta Foster 
Lady Anna Burleigh, Marion P. Clifton 
Marquis . . . G, Herbert Leonard 
Sir Francis Drake . Walter C. Kelly 



Lord Hudson 
Robert . . 
James VI. . 
Cecil . . . 
Lord Howard 



Walter Granville 

Edmund Tearle 

Ivan Shirley 

. Louis Grissel 

. John A. Lane 



"Mary Stuart" was played Dec. 28 and "Marie Antoinette" 
Dec. 29. Jan. 5, 1885, Lawrence P. Barrett reappeared in 
"Julius Caesar," which had this cast: 



Cassius Lawrence Barrett 

Brutus Louis James 

Marc Antony . . . . F. C. Mosley 
Julius Caesar . . . . S. E. Springer 

Decius Chas. M. Collins 

Casca Ben G. Rogers 



Titinius . . . 
Trebonius . . 
Octavius Caesar 
Popilius Lenas 
Portia . . . 
Calphurnia 



. . James Watson 
J. M. Sturgeon 
Charles Hawthorne 
. . Percy Winter 
Marie Wainwright 
. . Minnie Monk 



"A Blot on the 'Scutcheon," by the poet Robert Browning, was 
first acted in this city Feb. 9; also "The King's Pleasure," an 
adaptation by Alfred Thompson, for the first time in America. 
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. J. Florence came Feb. 16 in "Our Governor": 



Pinto Perkins . . W. J. Florence 
Victor Newman . . . T. L. Coleman 
Hon. Beverly Outram . Earle Stirling 
Robert King . . . Davenport Bebus 
Miss Matilda Starr Mrs. W. J. Florence 



Emma Kingsley . . 
Mrs. Munro Jennings 

Stella Perkins 



Hattie Russell 

Nellie Fitzpatrick 
Minnie Radcliffe 



Henry Irving and company reappeared March 9 in "Eugene 
Aram" — first time in New York, Irving in the title r61e, and 
Ellen Terry as Ruth Meadows. 

Mary Chippendale, the first old woman of Irving's company, died 
in London, Eng., May 26, 1888. This lady was the second wife 



I88s: 



THE STAR THEATRE 



31 



of W. H. Chippendale. Helen Dauvray, whose right name is Ida 
Louisa Gibson, appeared April 27 in "Mona," adapted from a 
novel called "Mrs. Geoffrey." It had this cast: 



Paul Rodney . . . Frederick Bryton 

Arthur Broome . . C. P. Flockton 

Geoffray Rodney, Clarence Handyside 

Frank Rodney . . . Hart Conway 

KnoUy Cameron . . . E. H. Sothern 

Job Sterling . . . Charles Rosene 



Violet Cameron . . Leonora Bradley 

James Luke Martin 

I. Nobles J. B. HoUis 

Lady Rodney Ida Vernon 

Baines Ada Oilman 

Lady Mona . . . Helen Dauvray 



Helen Dauvray's first appearance on the stage was as Eva in 
"Uncle Tom's Cabin," at Maguire's Opera House, San Francisco, 
Cal. She afterwards played Topsy to John E. McCullough's Uncle 
Tom. She afterwards travelled as a star and was known as " Little 
Nell, the California Diamond. " 

A benefit given to Gustavus Levick and Eben Plympton, March 

13- 

The forum scene from "Julius Cassar " was done: 



Brutus . . 
Marc Antony 



E. Plympton 1 First Citizen 
T. W. Keene I 



Ben Maginley 



The following ladies and gentlemen appeared as citizens : Edwin 
Thorn e, Fred Bryton, Ben Ringgold, J. W. Norton, A. S. Lipman, 
John Matthews, Harry Lacy, Alex Salvini, John Mitchell, Kate 
Forsyth, Selina Dolaro, and Louisa Eldridge. 

This was followed by the comedietta, "Reading a Tragedy," 
written for Mme. Dolaro: 



Edith De Lisle . . . Selina Dolaro 

Jane Annie EUsler 

Arthur Brown, F, McCuUough Ross 



Doctor Smith .... Harry Clarke 
Mr. Jones J. W. Pigott 



This was succeeded by the third act of " King Lear " : 



King Lear 
Fool . . 



. Geo. Edgar I Edgar Eben Plympton 

Chas. Coote Duke of Gloster .... Frank Rea 



A scene from " The Hunchback " came next, with Kate Forsyth 
as Helen and W. J. Ferguson as Modus, and finished the pro- 
gramme. F. McCullough Ross died in New York Aug. 21, 1890. 

A Mexican band of musicians called the Typical Orchestra 
commenced June ig, but was a failure. Adelaide Moore rented 
the house for two weeks, and appeared as Juliet June 17, with 
Atkins Lawrence as Romeo and Joseph Wheelock as Mercutio; 
"The Hunchback" was given, Atkins Lawrence as Sir Thomas 
Clifford, Loduski Young as Helen, and Adelaide Moore as Julia; 
" As You Like It " was played June 27, with this cast : 



312 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Dsss 



Orlando 
Adam 
Oliver . 
Le Beau 
Celia 
Audrey . 
Rosalind 



. Atkins Lawrence 
W. J. Constantine 
. . Fred G. Ross 
Walter Eytinge 
Loduski Young 
. . Effie Germon 
. Adelaide Moore 



Jacques . . . 
Duke in Exile . 
Touchstone 
Amiens . . . 
Corin . . , 
Phoebe . . . 



. . E. L. Tilton 
G. H. Leonard 
. . Chas. Stanley 
. . . Jas. Dunn 
Fred Chippendale 
. Josephine Bailey 



Robson and Crane began a season Sept. 7, 1885, with "The 
Comedy of Errors," which had this cast: 



Dromio of Syracuse . Stuart Robson 
Dromio of Ephesus . . W. H. Crane 
Antipholus of Ephesus . Wm. Harris 
Antipholus of Syracuse 

Clarence Handyside 

Solinus C. H. Riegel 

yEgeon .... Chas. B. Hanford 
Angelo .... Harry A. Langdon 
Balthazar Wm. Haworth 



Doct. Pinch 
Officer . 
Cleon 
Adriana . 
Luciana 
Phryne . 
Emilia . 
Blousabella 



Wm. H. Young 
. George Clare 
. Chas. Wilton 
. Selina Fetter 
Kate McKinstry 
Carrie Reynolds 
Annie Douglas 
Mrs. F. C. Wells 



Mary Anderson reappeared in America Oct. 12 as Rosalind in 
"As You Like It." J. Forbes Robertson as Orlando; Henry 
Vernon, F. H. Macklin, Zeffie Tilbury, Sidney Harris, Arthur 
Lewis, Mrs. John Billington, F. A. Gaytie, T. C. Bindloss, 
Kenneth Black, C. Stewart, I. Gillespie, and H. Salisbury all 
made their American debut on this occasion. Gilbert's "Comedy 
and Tragedy " was acted Oct. 22 for the first time in America by 
Mary Anderson and her company ; " Pygmalion and Galatea " was 
played the same night, and had this cast : 



Pygmalion 
Leucippe 
Chrysos 
Mimos . 
Agesimos 



J. Forbes Robertson 
. . Jos. Anderson 
. . J. G. Taylor 
• . Arthur Lewis 
. Rudolph Strong I 



Cynisca Zeffie Tilbury 

Daphne .... Mrs. J. Billington 

Myrine Miss M. Ayrton 

Galatea Mary Anderson 



"As You Like It" was played Oct. 31 and Nov. 6; Nov. 2, 3, 
4, 7, " The Lady of Lyons ; " Nov. 5, and matinee, Nov. 7, " Pygma- 
lion and Galatea," and "Tragedy and Comedy." The house was 
closed Nov. 10 for a dress and scenic rehearsal of " Romeo and 
Juliet," produced Nov. 11, and played two weeks. 

Frederick Mitterwurzer, an actor of much distinction in Ger- 
many, and a fellow player of Sonnenthal in the Imperial Theatre 
at Vienna, made his American debut Nov. 23 under the manage- 
ment of Gustav Amberg, and was supported by the dramatic divi- 
sion of the Thalia Theatre's forces. Herr Mitterwurzer appeared 
in the one-act play, "Tabarin," the one-act comedy by Bernstein, 
" Mein Neuer Hut " (" My New Hat "), and the farce by Pulitz, 
called " Das Schwert des Damocles " (" The Sword of Damocles "). 

The Russian drama "Iwan," by B. Alexegew, was played Nov. 



18863 



THE STAR THEATRE 



313 



24, 25, 28, for the first time in this country, Herr Mitterwurzer 
appearing as Iwan Prokopowitsch ; Nov. 26, 27, 28, " Kean ; " Nov. 
30 and all the week, " Die Leibrente. " McCauU's " Black Hussar " 
company opened a four weeks' engagement Dec. 7. Mark Smith 
sang Friedrich; Geo. C. Boniface, Jr., Piffkow; Lilly Post, Minna; 
Marie Jansen, Rosetta; and Mme. Mathilde Cottrelly, Barbara. 

Modjeska appeared Jan. 4, 1886, in "Camille," when E. H. 
Vanderfelt made his New York debut as Armand. " Marie Stuart " 
was acted Jan. 5 for the first time in this city, by Modjeska ; Jan. 
6, 7, 9, " As You Like It ; " Jan. 8, " Mary Stuart ; " matinee Jan. 
9, "Camille." Modjeska appeared Jan. 11, in " Adrienne Lecou- 
vreur;" Jan. 12 and 13, "Mary Stuart;" Jan^ 14, "Donna Diana," 
for the first time. She used Westland Marston's version of the 
old Spanish comedy by Moreto. It had this cast: 



Donna Diana Modjeska 

Don Caesar . . . E. H. Vanderfelt 

Perin Frank Clements 

Don Gaston .... James Cooper 
Don Luis .... L. J. Henderson 



Don Diego 
Donna Fenisa 
Donna Laura . 
Floretta . . 



ErroU Dunbar 

Evelyn Shaw 

Daisy Dorr 

Kitty Wilson 



Modjeska also played in "Twelfth Night" and "Odette," which 
closed her engagement Jan. 30. Frank Clements was killed by 
being run over by a railway train at Newark, N. J., May 8, 1886. 

Lawrence Barrett and company opened Feb. i in "Hernani," 
which was acted until Feb. 17, when "Francesca da Rimini" was 
done. A matinee performance Feb. 18, of "As You Like It," 
with Modjeska and company, was for the benefit of the Polish 
exiles. "Julius Caesar" was played by Barrett and company Feb. 
22 with Barrett as Cassius and W. E. Sheridan (specially en- 
gaged) as Brutus; Feb. 25, "The King's Pleasure " and "The 
Wonder;" Feb. 26, "Yorick's Love" and "David Garrick;" 
matinee, Feb. 27, "Hernani;" evening, Feb. 27, "Julius Caesar." 
Mme. Judic and company opened March 2 in " La Femme a 
Papa ; " March 3, " La Grande Duchesse ; " March 4, " La Cosaque ; " 
March 5, "La Mascotte;" matinee, March 6, "La Grande Duch- 
esse;" and evening, March 6, "Divorgons." 

The "Guv' nor" March 8 was revived for one week by the Wal- 
lack's Theatre company, with this cast: 



Theodore Macclesfield 
Butterscotch 
Freddy . . 
Theodore . 
MacToddy 
Jellicoe . . 

Cab Dnver 
Mrs. Macclesfield 



. Wm. Elton 

John Gilbert 

. George Clarke 

, Fred Corbett 

, . C. E. Edwin 

Harry Gwynette 

Roland Buckstone 

. James Holbroke 

, . . Mary Hill 



Cantle Edward White 

VuUem W. H. Pope 

Ullage W. L. Dennison 

Gunnel E. A. Bigelow 

Carrie Theresa Butler 

Kate Kate Bartlett 

Aurelia Josephine Bailey 

Barbara Lillie Walter 

Susan Miss Mathews 



314 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1886 



Boucicault's comedy, "The Jilt, or. Thundercloud's Year," was 
seen March 15 — first time in this city, and had this cast: 



. . Helen Bancroft 
Mrs. M. A. Pennoyer 
. . John P. Sutton 
. . Mary E. Barker 
. . . Bijou Heron 



Myles O'Hara . . Dion Boucicault Lady Millicent 

Sir Budleigh Woodstock, Henry Miller Mrs. Pincott . 

Lord Marcus Wylie . . F. M. Burbeck Colonel Tudor 

Mr. James Daisy . . Frank Wright Mrs. Welter . 

Rev. Mr. Spooner Donald Robertson Phyllis Welter 
Kitty Woodstock . Louise Thorndyke 

The farewell appearances in America of Mme. Judic commenced 
April 5 and continued for two weeks, and her repertory was : April 
S, "La Belle Hdlene;" April 6, "La Roussotte " (first time in 
America); April 7, "La P6richole;" April 8, "Niniche;" April 
9, "La Mascotte;" matinee, April 10, "La Belle H61^ne;" 
evening, April 10, "La Cosaque;" April 12, "La Vie Parisi- 
enne;" April 13, "La FemmeaPapa;" April 14, "Divorgons;" 
April 15, for the benefit of A. Durand, the business manager, "La 
Grande Duchesse," and the monologue, "Clary vs. Clary;" April 
16, for the benefit of Judic the second act of "Lili," the one-act 
operetta, "Josephine," and the second act of " La Femme a Papa; " 
matinee, April 17, "La Perichole," and Judic closed her unprofit- 
able engagement evening of April 17 with "La Jolie Parfumeuse." 
Judic was brought to this country by Maurice Grau, and pecuni- 
arily she was a failure, but artistically a great success. She was 
not only a very great artist, but one of the most delightful of ac- 
tresses ever heard on the American stage. Her manner was re- 
fined, and her voice sweet, cl^ar, and well modulated. 

Dion Boucicault returned April 19 in "The Jilt." Fanny 
Davenport followed April 26 in "Fedora," with this cast: 



Loris Ipanoff . . . . R. B. Mantell 
Gretch .... Eugene O. Jepson 
Jean .... Melbourne McDowell 
Doctor's Assistant ... A. Aktar 
The Swiss R. F. Loom 



Dimtri . 
Baroness 
Nicolas . 
Cyrille . 
TichbefF 



. . Nettie Irving 
. . Alma Aiken 
Sheldon Kinnecon 
. . W. J. Hurley 
Frank Willard 



Dr. Loreck K. Sheldon 

Dr. MuUer E. Pembroke 

Basile J. Williams 

Ivan P. Drake 

Marka Jennie Shore 

Fedora Fanny Davenport 

Mons. Rouvrel . . Frank McDonald 
Countess Olga . . . Marie Sheldon 
Mme. De Fourne, Miss A. V. Kindrop 
Desire . . . Edgar L. Davenport 



May 10 W. S. Gilbert's burlesque comedy "Engaged" was pro- 
duced, and thus cast : 

Agnes Herndon 
Ethel Douglas 
John Matthews 



Belinda . . . 
Mrs. McFarlane 
Symperson . . 



Cheviot Hill .... Cedric Hope 

Minnie Alice Butler 

Maggie Addie Cummings 

Belvawney Henry Dalton 

Mary Anderson began an engagement May 17 in "Pygmalion 
and Galatea," and "Comedy and Tragedy;" May 18, 20, "Ingo- 



1886] 



THE STAR THEATRE 



315 



mar;" May 19 and matinee, May 22, "The Lady of Lyons;" May 
21, "As You Like It;" May 22, "Pygmalion and Galatea." May 
31 Harry Edwards took a benefit. June 3 a benefit was given to 
the widow and children of the late Bartley Campbell, dramatist, 
under the auspices of B. P. O. Elks and the Actors' Fund. The 
entertainment consisted of the Japanese scene from "The Little 
Tycoon," Myra Goodwin in specialty, Helen Hooker (first appear- 
ance in New York) and C. G. Craig in "Ingomar," W. J. Scanlan 
in Irish songs, a party of "Coon Jubilee" singers, Frank Mayo 
and company in the second act of "Nordeck," W. Henry Rice in 
burlesque ballads, Mrs. D. P. Bowers and company in " Elizabeth " 
(first act), F. F. McNish in "Silent Fun," and the second act 
"The Whiteslave." 

On June 24, Millocker's opera, "The Maid of Belleville," for 
the first time in English, was advertised with Mile. Aimee (first ap- 
pearance in English opera) as the star. George W. Lederer and 
Charles Byrne were the managers. As this lady was under con- 
tract to Simmonds & Brown for the season of 1886-87, ^^'^ was to 
open her season in this city, those gentlemen refused to allow her 
to appear, and the consequence was that Roberta Crawford ap- 
peared in the r61e announced for Aimee. In it Frank David made 
his New York d6but; the opera was a failure. The orchestration 
was bad, the chorus was weak, save as to numbers, and only one 
or two of the principals sang well. Charles J. Gould and Berry 
Jarrett took a benefit Sunday evening, Aug. 15. Lester & Allen's 
minstrels commenced Aug. 16. Lawrence Barrett's company ap- 
peared in " Yorick's Love," Aug. 30, with this cast: 



Master Yorick . . 


Lawrence Barrett 


Thomas . . . 


. . J. M. Sturgeon 


Master Heyward . 


- Newton Gotthold 


Philip . . . 


. . . J. L. Finney 


Master Edmund . 


Charles Welles 


Tobias . . . 


. . Kendall Weston 


Master Walton . . 


S. E. Springer 


Alice .... 


. . Minna K. Gale 


Master Woodford 


Chas. M. Collins 


Dorothy . . 


. . Miriam O'Leary 


Gregory .... 


. Ben. Rogers 







Sept. 2 Barrett acted " Richelieu ; " Sept. 3, "Hamlet;" matinee, 
Sept. 4, "Yorick's Love;" eyening, "Julius Caesar;" Sept. 6, 7, 
and matinee, Sept. 11, "Francesca da Rimini;" Sept. 8, "Ham- 
let;" Sept. 10, II, "The Merchant of Venice" and "David Gar- 
rick;" Sept. 13, 14, IS, 16, and matinee, Sept. 18, "Harebell, or 
the Man o' Airlie;" Sept. 17, "Yorick's Love" and "David Gar- 
rick;" evening, Sept. 18, "Richard III. ;" Sept. 20, "Richelieu;" 
Sept. 21, "The Merchant of Venice " and' "The King's Pleasure; " 
Sept. 22, and matinee, Sept. 25, "Francesca da Rimini;" Sept. 23, 
" Julius Cassar ; " Sept. 24, " Hamlet. " The Barrett company closed 
Sept. 25 with "Yorick's Love" and "David Garrick." Genevieve 
Ward appeared here Sept. 27 in "The Queen's Favorite": 



3l6 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [isss 



Henry St. John 
Queen Anne . 
Officer . . , 



W. H. Vernon 

Gertrude Kellogg 

, . Percy Winter 



Duchess .... Genevieve Ward 

Marquis John Wilks 

Abigail Eleanor Tyndale 



This was Mr. Vernon's and Eleanor Tyndale's American debut. 
Genevieve Ward was formerly known as Genevra Guerrabella, a 
popular opera singer. Since 1873 she has been on the dramatic 
stage. "The Queen's Favorite" was an adaptation of Scribe's 
"Le Verre d'Eau." "Forget Me Not" was produced by Miss 
Ward Oct. 4, with this cast: 



Prince Maleotti 
Alice Verney . 
Horace Welby 
Barratto . . . 



J. W. Summers 

Eleanor Tyndale 

W. H. Vernon 

. D. G. English 



Porter Mr. Edwards 

Stephanie .... Genevieve Ward 

Servant Percy Winter 

Mrs. Foley . . . Gertrude Kellogg 



Wilson Barrett made his American d^but Oct. 11, in ' 
supported by his English company. The cast was : 



Claudian," 



CHARACTERS IN THE PROLOGUE: 



Claudian 
The Holy 
Theorus . 
Zosimus 
Therena 
Volpas . 



Wilson Barrett 

Charles Fulton 

H. Cooper-ClifFe 

A. H. Bernage 

. Alice Belmore 

Langley Russell 



Symachus S. M. Carson 

Sesiphon W. A. Elliott 

Demos H. Evans 

Caris Evelyn Howard 

Captain of the Scythians, Mr. Aubrey 



CHARACTERS IN THE PLAY: 



Claudian Andiates . Wilson Barrett 
Officer of the Herculeans, G. Maxwell 
Goths of the Tetrarch's Guards 

Howard and Belton 

Almida Miss Eastlake 

Alcardes .... Austin Melford 

Belos George Barrett 

Eddessa Lily Belmore 

Threne Miss Medway 



Clia Miss Thompson 

Galena Alice Cooke 

Thareogalus .... Chas. Hudson 

Agaziel J. H. Clynds 

Rhamantes Warren 

Hera Lila Garth 

Sabella Miss Woode 

Gratia ...... Miss Wilde 

Cloris Mr. Percyval 



The prices of admission were raised to: Orchestra seats and 
front rows of the balcony, $2; a portion of the gallery, $1. At 
nine o'clock the speculators were offering those seats at less than 
half price. Mr. Barrett saw spaces in the house every night dur- 
ing his first week, which ended Oct. 16. One actor in the cast — 
Charles Hudson — astonished some and incensed others of the audi- 
ence because he strongly suggested Henry Irving in his voice, gait, 
and actions. Hisses finally broke forth, not because the man was 
incompetent, but rather because it seemed to be understood by the 
house fhat his imitation purposely sought to ridicule Mr. Irving. 
This demonstration of disapproval was renewed Tuesday night. A 
special matinee of " Claudian " was given Oct. 20, the proceeds of 
which went to the Charleston, S. C, sufferers. Barrett's three 



1886] 



THE STAR THEATRE 



317 



weeks' engagement terminated Oct. 30. Matinee 30, " The Color 
Sergeant," "A Clerical Error," and "Chatterton" formed the pro- 
gramme. For the evening, " Claudian " was acted for the farewell 
of Mr. Barrett. 

Considerable talk was caused by the "wonderful" earthquake 
scene in "Claudian," as if it had never before been witnessed in 
this country. It was much better done many years ago at the Old, 
Bowery Theatre and by Bartley Campbell in his play " Clio." This 
" sensation " was introduced four centuries ago by the Italians — in 
1480. They had intricate machinery for the simulation of such 
phenomena as thunderbolts, earthquakes, falling stars, and angels 
descending in clouds. As early as 1692, the first attempt in Eng- 
land to mimic an earthquake was made at Southwark, London. 
Early in December, 1828, Fitzball's melodrama of "The Earth- 
quake, or the Phantom of the Nile," was produced at the Adelphi 
Theatre, London. It was founded on Moore's strange tale of "The 
Epicureans," which bears a remarkable resemblance in general 
structure to "She." In fact, Rider Haggard has been accused of 
plagiarism in writing his novel. About the first stage earthquake 
ever witnessed in England, however, was at Covent Garden Theatre, 
London, in 18 12, in Reynolds' opera of "The Virgin of the Sun." 
The walls and columns of the temple scene in the first act were 
arranged in cubical forms, and when thrown down by the violent 
agitation of the ground rolled over the boards with the illusion of 
solidity. 

Edwin Booth appeared Nov. 3, with the following company: 
Charles Barron, John T. Malone, Carl Ahrendt, John T. Sullivan, 
Chas. Hanford, H. C. Barton, Edwin Royle, Chas. Abbe, John 
Doud, F. K. Harte, J. Brown, Thos. L. Coleman, Walter Thomas, 
Owen S. Fawcett, L. J. Henderson, Volney Streamer, Mrs. Augusta 
Foster, Emma Vaders, and Kate Maloney. " Hamlet " was the 
opening play, with this cast: 



Hamlet Edwin Booth 

Ghost Charles Barron 

Ophelia Emma Vaders 

Bernardo .... Francis K. Harte 

Osric C. S. Abbe 

Polonius Carl Ahrendt 

Laertes John T. Sullivan 

King Claudius .... J. T. Malone 



Horatio . . 
Rosencrantz 
Guildenstern 
Marcellus . 
First Actor 
Queen Gertrude 
Player Queen . 
First Gravedigger 



Chas. B. Hanford 
. . H. C. Barton 
. . E. M. Royle 
. . . John Doud 

Thos. L. Coleman 
. Augusta Foster 
. . Kate Maloney 
. . O. S. Fawcett 



The prices of admission were not advanced, the best seats being 
1^1.50, fifty cents less than for Wilson Barrett and ;^i.So less than 
for Irving. Nov. 6 "The Fool's Revenge " was presented. Booth 
did not appear the second week after Monday night. His inabil- 
ity to act was announced late on the afternoon of Tuesday, when a 
physician's certificate was sent out to the press. Booth reappeared 



31 8 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cissy 



Florus W. D. Ingram 

Enomaus T. F. McCabe 

Gellius Harry Willard 

Centurion G. D. Farnum 

Scropha E. W. Hillard 

Artificer P. A. Clinton 

Child Master Dinnie 

The Fighting Gaul . Wm. Muldoon 



Nov. 15, acting lago in "Othello;" Nov. 18, 20, "Richelieu;" 
Nov. 23, 26, "Fool's Revenge;" Nov. 24-27, "Merchant of 
Venice " and " Taming of the Shrew ; " matinee, Nov. 27, as 
lago. 

Joseph Jefferson began an engagement Nov. 29, in "Rip Van 
Winkle." In his company were Edwin Varrey, Geo. W. Den- 
ham, Lin Hurst, Geo. W. Lynch, Joseph Warren, Lizzie Hudson, 
Gertie Foster, Bessie Leslie, Charlie Duval, James McCann, W.^ 
A. Whitecar, May Woolcott, and Dora Leslie. Dec. 13, "Cricket 
on the Hearth " and " Lend Me Five Shillings " were acted, with 
Jefferson as Caleb Plummer in the first play and Golightly in the 
other. Robert Downing made his New York debut as a star Dec. 
20, as Spartacus in "The Gladiator," which had this cast: 

Spartacus R. Downing 

Phasarius .... Henry Aveling 

Crassus Frank Lane 

Bracchius .... John Swinburne 

Lentulus Chas. Nevins 

Jovius Royal Roche 

Senona Mittens Willett 

Julia Gail Forrest 

Crixus L. A. Wagenhalls 

Lillian Olcott appeared here Jan. 3, 1887, as the heroine in 
Sardou's "Theodora." J. H. Gilmour played Andreas. John 
Howson took a benefit matinee, Jan. 13, and the programme was 
composed of songs by Ada Melrose, Willis Sweatnam in a negro 
act, Fred Warde and company in the forum scene from "Vir- 
ginius," recitation by Helen Marr, assault at arms by Alex. Sal- 
vini and Mens. Regis Senac, N. C. Goodwin and company in the 
first act of "Turned Up," violin solo by Michael Banner; Francis 
Wilson and Mark Smith in the Thieves' Duet from "Erminie," 
the idyllic play "The Violin Maker of Cremona," for the first 
time in this city, acted by Hudson Liston, J. H. Gilmour, Marie 
Jansen, and John Howson; imitations of actors, by John M. Young; 
the pool scene from "The O'Reagans," with John Wild and mem- 
bers of Harrigan's company; song by Victor Dangon; the curse 
scene from "Deborah," by Sarah Neville; and Frank Richmond 
in cowboy stories. 

John Howson died suddenly at Troy, N. Y., Dec. 16, 1887. He 
was born at Hobart Town, Tasmania, Nov. 17, 1844. In 1864, he, 
two sisters (Emma and Clelia), and his brother (Frank), came to 
the United States, and travelled as the Howson Family. The 
company disbanded in San Francisco about 1866. In 1872 he 
came to this city to play in "Mimi," at this theatre (then Wal- 
lack's). In 1883 he joined Lester Wallack's stock company, 
remaining two seasons. At the time of his death he was with 
Lotta's travelling company 



1887] 



THE STAR THEATRE 



319 



Jan. 17 "Indiana" was given for the first time in New York, 
when the John A. McCaull company opened a season of comic 
opera. This was the cast: 



Nan .... 

Maud . . . 
Matt o' the Mill 
Lord Dayrell . 
Philip Jervaux . 
Sir Mulbery MuUit 
Annette .... 



Annie Meyers 
Adine Drew 
. DigbyBell 
. Geo. Olmi 

E. W. Hoff 
. Ellis Ryse 

Ida Eissing 



Madge Celie Eissing 

FoUiet C. Blanchard 

Cosmo G. HoUingsworth 

Indiana Greyfaunt . . . Lilly Post 
Lady Prue .... Laura Joyce Bell 
Capt. Hazzard . . . Bessie Fairbairn 



The second annual benefit concert in aid of the Sick Relief 
Fund of United Council American Legion of Honor took place 
Jan. 30. Salsbury's Troubadours appeared here Feb. 7, in "The 
Humming Bird," acted for the first time in this city. The cast 
was: 



Sally Nellie McHenry 

Fanny Leonora Bradley 

Matilda Marie Beckel 

Biddy Emma Gilbert 



Joseph Brass . . . Nate Salsbury 
Honeymoon .... Geo. Backus 

Rackett John Webster 

McLaughlin F. B. Blair 

Tramp F. Bowman 

Feb. 28 was the first production here of the opera "Lorraine," 
by the McCaull Opera company. Sig. Perugini gave way to a bad 
cold, and retired after night of March 3, Herndon Morsell singing 
his r61e the rest of the week, and E. T. Steyne (stage manager) 
taking Mr. Morsell's part. Gertrude Griswold (the Madelaine), 
also on account of illness, was out of the cast after March i. Josie 
Knapp sang the Madelaine r61e March 2. On March 3 Alida 
Varna, from McCaull's "Black Hussar" company, took the part. 
" Lorraine " was first produced by this company at Chicago. 

Sarah Bernhardt, after an absence of six years, reappeared in 
this city March 14 in "Fedora;" March 15, 19, matinee, March 
26, "La Dame aux Camelias;" March 16, 18, matinees, March 
19, 22, "Fedora;" March 17, 23, "Frou Frou;" March 21, "Le 
MaJtre de Forges ; " special matinee, March 24, " Fedora ; " even- 
ing, March 24, "Adrienne Lecouvreur;" March 25, "Fedora;" 
evening, March 26, "Le MaJtre de Forges;" March 28, "Theo- 
dora." April 4 Wilson Barrett commenced a return engagement 
in " Hamlet," which he repeated April 5. " Clito " was done April 
6 for the first time here; April 13, 14, "Claudian;" April 15 and 
matinee, April 16, "Hamlet;" evening, April 16, "The Lady of 
Lyons." Dion Boucicault appeared April 18 with "Kerry" and 
"Fin MacCool." His company consisted of Louise Thorndyke, 
Julia Stuart, J. C. Padgett, Fred Corbett, H. J. Lethcourt, l5ion 
Boucicault, Georgia Cayvan, Helen Bancroft, Lulu Pendleton, W. 
J. Ferguson, Dan Maguinnis, Fritz Williams, Walter Treville, 
Herbert Colby, Joseph W. Walsh, Marion Elmore, and Mary 



320 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1887 



Barker. It is doubtful if, in all his New York engagements, 
Dion Boucicault had ever met with a more discouraging reception 
from the critics than that which greeted " Fin MacCool " during 
his opening week. The drama was assailed almost brutally, in at 
least one instance, and in no case was it received with favor. The 
audiences naturally were small, and on April 23 the actor changed 
his bill to "The Jilt." Owing to Boucicault's illness the house 
was closed the week of April 28. He played the following week 
in "The Shaughraun." 

Charles W. Couldock had a benefit the afternoon of May 10, the 
fiftieth anniversary of his first appearance on the stage. The 
programme was as follows: Third act of "Hamlet": 



Hamlet . . 
The Ghost . 
Polonius 
Horatio . . 
Rosencranz . 
Guildenstern 
Marcellus . 



. Edwin Booth 
Charles Barron 
. Carl Ahrendt 
Charles Hanford 
. H. C. Barton 
. Edwin Boyle 
. . John Doud 



Bernardo 
First Actor . 
Ophelia . . 
King Claudius 
Second Actor 
Queen Gertrude 
Player Queen . 



. F. K. Harte 
T. L. Coleman 
Emma Vaders 
John T. Malone 
Walter Thomas 
Augusta Foster 
. Kate Malony 



The screen scene from " The School for Scandal " : Lady Teazle, 
Fanny Davenport; Sir Peter Teazle, John Gilbert; Charles Sur- 
face, R. B. Mantell; Joseph Surface, J. H. Barnes; recitation, 
Trowbridge's "Vagabonds," C. W. Couldock. The quarrel scene 
from "Julius Caesar": Cassius, Lawrence Barrett; Brutus, John 
Malone; Decius, C. M. Collins; Casca, B. G. Rogers; Trebonius, 
E. Springer; Metellus, K. Weston; Pindarus, J. Albaugh, Jr.; 
the third act of "The Rivals": Bob Acres, Joseph Jefferson; Sir 
Lucius O'Trigger, James O'Neill; Captain Absolute, Kyrle Bel- 
lew; David, G. W. Denham; Mrs. Malaprop, Mrs. John Drew; 
Lydia Languish, Annie Robe. The prices of admission were: 
Orchestra and dress circle, reserved seats, $^; family circle, re- 
served seats, $2; general admission, $1. 

May 16 an opera called " The Pyramid " had its first representa- 
tion on any stage, and with this cast : 



Albert Leroy . . . Harry Hilliard 
William Dodge . . . Paul Arthur 

Ramses Frank David 

Rhea Addie Cora Reed 



Tai Helen Standish 

Natasu Rosa Cook 

Sabako Ellis Ryse 



Sarah Bernhardt returned here June 1 5, appearing as Fedora ; 
June 16, "Theodora;" matinee, June 17, "Theodora;" night of 
June 17, "Hernani," in which she acted Dona Sol for the first 
time in this city. 

This house opened under the management of Henry Abbey, 
John Schoeffel, and Maurice Grau, Aug. 22, with McNish, John- 
son & Slavin's minstrels. The dramatic season began Aug. 27, 



18883 



THE STAR THEATRE 



321 



1887, with Gillette's "Held by the Enemy." French Opera com- 
pany made their American debut Sept. 19. "Le Grand Mogul," 
by Audran, was heard for the first time in this country in its 
original French form. "Fatinitza" was sung Oct. 14, for the first 
time in this country in French. 

Joseph Jefferson appeared Oct. 17 as Bob Acres, in "The 
Rivals," with Mrs. John Drew as the Mrs. Malaprop. 

Henry Irving reappeared in America Nov. 7, in G. W. Wills' 
version of "Faust," which had this cast: 



Faust G. Alexander 

Valentine . . . . . . C. Glenney 

Frosch Harbury 

Bessy Miss Mathews 

The Witch of the Kitchen 

Thomas Mead 



Mephistopheles . . . Henry Irving 
Martha .... Mrs. Chippendale 

Altmayer Haviland 

Brander Harvey 

Siebel Johnson 

Margaret Ellen Terry 



The programme for Nov. 12 was "The Bells" and the farce 
"Jingle," taken from "Pickwick Papers," with this cast: 



Alfred Jingle .... Henry Irving 

Wardle S. Johnson 

Tupman Harbury 

Nupkins Wenman 

Perker ^ . J. Carter 

Sam Weller . . . Martin Harvey 
Miss Arabella . Miss F. Harwood 



Nathaniel Winkle . 
Augustus Snodgrass 
Pickwick . 
Job Trotter 
Fat Boy 
Miss Rachel 
Miss Emily 



Mr. Emery 
Haviland 
H. Howe 
Mr. Archer 
Mr. Gurner 
Mrs. Pauncefort 
. Miss Mathews 



The last performance of " Faust " by Mr. Irving's company was 
given Dec. 5. "The Merchant of Venice" was played Dec. 6, 7, 
8, 9, and matinee of Dec. 10; night of Dec. 10, "Jingle" and 
three acts of " Louis XI. " closed the Irving engagement. 

Julia Marlowe began an engagement here Dec. 12 in "Romeo 
and Juliet" : 

Romeo Joseph Haworth Nurse .... Elizabeth Andrews 

Friar Leslie Allen Mercutio Chas. Norris 

Tybalt Howard Kyle Prince Chas. J. Fyffe 

Benvolio E. J. Radcliffe Capulet John Sutherland 

Peter Geo. Gaston Paris Nestor Lennon 

Lady Capulet . . . Blanche Weaver Juliet Julia Marlowe 

Miss Marlowe was seen as Parthenia in "Ingomar" Dec. 13, and 
Viola in " Twelfth Night " Dec. 14. Joseph Haworth acted Mal- 
volio; Leslie Allen, Sir Toby Belch; Blanche Weaver, Olivia. 
Mr. and Mrs. William J. Florence returned here Dec. 19 in " Our 
Governor. " 

Frau Hedwig Niemann-Raabe made her American debut Jan. 2, 
1888, as Lorle and Lenore in "Dorf und Stadt." Her support in- 
cluded the following, all save Ottilie Genee making their Ameri- 
can bow on this occasion : Arthur Meyer, Adolph Meyer, Antonie 
Ziegler, Auguste Burmester, Julius Metz, Hermann Haak, Hugo 

VOL. II. — 21 



322 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D888 



Ranzenberg, Alexis Schonlank, Gustav Kober, Karl Muller. The 
same bill was repeated Jan. 3; " Ein Tropfen Gift," Jan. 4, 5; 
"Cyprienne" (" Divorgons "), Jan. 6, 7, and matinee, Jan. 7; the 
lady acted "Dora," Jan. 9, 10; Richard Voss' "Alexandra," Jan. 
II, 12, for the first time in America. This is the German ver- 
sion of Sardou's drama, known variously in English as "Agnes," 
"Andrea," "Anselma," and "In Spite of All." Frau Niemann- 
Raabe closed her engagement Jan. 14. The cast of " Alexandra " 
was: Frau Prasidentin v. Elberti, Ottilie Genee; Erwin, Hugo 
Ranzenberg; Alexandra, Hedwig Niemann-Raabe; Dr. Andrea, 
H. Haak; Anton Moell, Gustav Kober; Bauer Gerland, Moritz 
Moritz; Frau Lemm, Auguste Burmester. Her engagement may 
be briefly summed up as a complete artistic success and a financial 
disappointment to her manager, who was compelled to increase 
the price of seats owing to his expensive contract with his star. 

William Mestayer's company was seen in "Check 44" Jan. 16, 
and"Francillon," by Alex. Dumas, had its first American hearing 
Feb. 13: Marquis De Riverolles, Gustav Kober; Lucien, Hugo 
Ranzenberg; Franziska, Hedwig Niemann-Raabe ; Annette, Lilli 
Petri ; Stanislas de Grandredon, Hermann Haak ; Henry De Symeur, 
Alexis Schonlank; Jean De Carillac, Moritz Moritz; Therese 
Smith, Antonie Ziegler; Colestin, Karl Muller; Ein Anderer 
Diener, Heinrich Zilzer; Elise, Auguste Burmester; Pinguet, A. 
Meyer. Hedwig Niemann-Raabe' s return engagement, and her 
final one in America, opened Feb. 17 with "Die Hagelstolzen " 
and one act of "Jane Eyre." For her return engagement the best 
seats were reduced in price to ^1.50. Heinrich Conreid, her 
manager, made his reappearance on the stage, matinee and even- 
ing, Feb. 18 (Hedwig Niemann-Raabe having sailed for Germany 
that day), in the title r61e of " Dr. Klaus" (known in English as 
"Dr. Clyde," "The Doctor," "Dr. Klaus," etc.). This was his 
first appearance on the stage since January, 1883. 

Henry Irving and company began a five weeks' engagement Feb. 
20 in W. G. Wills' "Olivia." This play, which is a dramatiza- 
tion of Goldsmith's "Vicar of Wakefield," had been done in this 
city in 1878 by Fanny Davenport and her company. The cast 
here was: 



Dr. Primrose 
Moses . . 
Mr. Burchell 
Sophia . . 
Squire Thornhill 
Farmer Flamborough 
Polly Flamborough . 



. Henry Irving 

. . Haviland 

. . Wenman 

Miss D. Harwood 

. Alexander 

H. Howe 

Miss Coleridge 



Gypsy Woman . . . Miss Barnett 
Mrs. Primrose . . Mrs. Pauncefort 

Olivia Ellen Terry 

Leigh Tyars 

Phoebe Miss Mills 

Dick Miss M. Holland 



"The Lyons Mail" was given Feb. 25-27, with Linda Dietz as 
Jeannette; March 3, "Olivia;" March 5, "Faust" was revived 



1888] THE STAR THEATRE 32 



o 



and continued up to March 10, when Ellen Terry took a brief rest 
and "Louis XI." was presented. The Star was one of the few 
theatres open in this city on what was known as "The Blizzard 
Night," March 12. Irving and his company paid a visit to West 
Point afternoon of March 19, 1888, and gave a fully costumed per- 
formance of " The Merchant of Venice " in the cadets' mess hall 
of the Military Academy. The Star Theatre was closed that 
night. 

March 24 Mr. Irving closed his engagement with "Olivia," and 
the company sailed for England after the performance. Mr. Irving 
did not leave New York until the following week. Henry Irving 
was at his best in melodrama, for his cunning and rare knowledge 
of stage artifice enabled him to focus upon himself the strength of 
his admirably drilled company. As far as his individual methods 
as an actor go, Mr. Irving is as old-fashioned and conventional as 
were the players of a half-century ago. The mouthings, the strut- 
ting, the ranting, the mad tearing of passion into tatters, — are we 
not familiar with them all, either by hearsay or through the work 
of some derelict of good old-time tragedy ? Prof. Alexander Herr- 
mann was the attraction week of April 2. 

James Owen O'Connor appeared here April 9 in "Hamlet," hav- 
ing rented the house for two weeks. This was the New York debut 
of Jessie Villars as Ophelia, also that of Emmie Young, a daughter 
of Brigham Young, as the Queen. During the two weeks, O'Connor 
was seen in the "Marble Heart," "Merchant of Venice," "Riche- 
lieu," and "Othello," as well as in "Hamlet." His engagement 
closed April 21. A professional matinee occurred April 19. No 
stage exhibition that I have seen has possessed all the disagreeable 
features of the O'Connor engagement. His audiences were almost 
exclusively composed of males, who were to be amused as the Count 
Johannes and Dr. Landis once amused this city. They found no 
excuse too trifling for their merriment, no jest too coarse, no uproar 
too loud. A dozen or more auditors were ejected by the police at 
various times. O'Connor's Hamlet was so indescribably bad in 
speech, action, and appearance that his audience burst into laughter 
before he had been on the stage five minutes. In his interview with 
Rosencrantz, he was so absurd that the audience broke through all 
restraint and the dialogue was lost in peals of laughter. He made 
a speech to his audience telling them that he would furnish them 
with a hilariously insane Hamlet if they would give him a chance. 
This was received with three cheers for O'Connor. His perform- 
ance of Shylock in "The Merchant of Venice " nearly brought about 
a riot in the theatre. All through the performance the audience 
"talked back" to Shylock. Every time the curtain went down, 
there were torrents of cheers, howls, " cat-calls, " roars, screeches, 
whistling, and Indian war-whoops. A posse of police stopped the 



324 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisss 

disturbance for a time. In the trial scene, when Shylock begins to 
scrape his knife on the floor, Bassanio asks, " Why dost thou whet 
thy knife so keenly?" A voice in the gallery answered, "He's 
going to shave off them whiskers," referring to the absurd hirsute 
ornaments O'Connor wore about his face. He finished the play 
by making Shylock commit suicide at the end of the trial scene. 
He was seen in " Hamlet " at the professional matinee. On the 
night he played "Richelieu," an enthusiastic admirer threw a 
bouquet of pie-plant upon the stage. The play was stopped 
short, the curtain rung down, and O'Connor made the following 
speech : 

"I hereby offer a reward of $ioo cash, to be paid behind the 
scenes, to any person who detects another in the act of throwing 
missiles upon the stage. I have some dignity as a man, as a 
lawyer, and as the star of this company. There is nobody in this 
house that can play Richelieu as well as I can, and yet you deride 
me. I have a loaded musket behind the scenes which you may 
force me to use. At the next performance I shall have a sufficient 
force of policemen behind the scenes to preserve order. You can- 
not drive me from this theatre." When as Phidias in "The Marble 
Heart " he fell dead at the end of the first act, some one cried, 
"No fall; bring an ambulance." On his closing night two large 
cabbages were thrown at him. 

James Owen O'Connor's father was a cousin of Charles O'Connor, 
the distinguished jurist. There can be no doubt of the fact that 
some mental derangement induced him to adopt the stage as a 
profession. He was taken to an insane asylum at Morris Plains, 
N. J., August 25, 1893, where he died March 31, 1894. His last 
engagement was in a variety theatre in Jersey City in the winter of 
1891. His audience pelted him with decayed fruit and vegetables 
so unmercifully that he abandoned the stage. At a variety theatre 
in the West, where he performed, a wire curtain was used to pre- 
vent his being struck by flying missiles. Two weeks prior to his 
confinement in the asylum he wandered away from his home and 
was found in a vacant lot, three-quarters of a mile from the house. 

Appropriately enough Brockman's Monkey show followed, April 
24, but business was so bad that the house soon closed for the sea- 
son. Reopened for the season with Johnson & Slavin's minstrels, 
on Aug. 27. Robert Downing, with his dramatic company, fol- 
lowed. He played Spartacus in the " Gladiator " Sept. 3, 4, and 
8, " Virginius," matinee of Sept. 5 and evening of Sept. 7, and "In- 
gomar," Sept. 6 and matinee of Sept. 8. "The Paymaster" came 
Sept. 17 for two weeks. "Zigzag," a musical comedy, came Oct. 
I. Lydia Thompson, with her burlesque company, opened Oct. 
15 in a very weak "sketch," called "Penelope," which had this 
cast: 



iSSgH 



THE STAR THEATRE 



325 



Icarius • . . Charles Horace Kenny 
Agrippa .... Master Fritz James 
Hermes .... Christine Blessing 
Philander .... Brenda Harper 

Arctos Minnie Sannon 

Carthos Vivian Bromley 

Nevera Lillie AUiston 

Tektoe Louis Kelleher 

Glaucus Harry Starr 



Ulysses Lydia Thompson 

Endymion .... Marie Williams 

Penelope Aida Jenoure 

Cupid Millie Marion 

Daphne Ella Carrington 

Glyke .... Florence Brandon 

Hamax Rose Newham 

Calypso .... Florence Bankhardt 
Mr. Waiter . Miss Belle Raymond 
Cymon .... J. Bolton RadclifEe 

Gustav Amberg presented his German company in " Mit Fremden 
Federn," by C. Schoenfeld, Oct. 22 and 23; "Sie Weiss Etwas," 
Oct. 24 and 25 ; and "Tilli," by F. Stahl, Oct. 26 and 27. Among 
the American d6buts made were those of Fraulein Herrman, Frau- 
lein Sandow, Herr Becker, and Herr Schoelermann. " A Midsum- 
mer Night's Dream " was produced Oct. 29 by John W. Albaugh's 
travelling company, and had this cast : 

Theseus .... William Morris 
Lysander .... Edw. J. Henley 
Demetrius .... Chas. H. Sutton 

Egeus Adolph Bernard 

Oberon Carrie Daniels 

Titania Lillie Post 

Puck Hattie Harvey 

Singing Fairy .... Ada Somers 

Flute William Lee 

Snout Charles Rosene 

Peas Blossom . . Bertie Sutherland 



Nick Bottom . . 


Edmund D. Lyons 


Starveling . . 


John H. Mitchell 


Philostrate . . 


. Chas. Kaufman 


Hippolyta . . 


. . Harriet Ford 


Hermia . . . 


Minnie Seligman 


Helena . . , 


Katharine AlVord 


Cobweb . . . 


Louie Stevens 


Moth .... 




Mustard Seed . 


Walter Lewis 




. . Ferd. Hight 


Snug .... 


. . Louis R. Grisel 



This ran two weeks, and was followed Nov. 12 by H. E. Dixey 
in "Adonis," for two weeks; then came "The Crystal Slipper, or 
Prince Prettiwitz and Little Cinderella. " The new text was by 
Capt. Alfred Thompson and Harry B. Smith. The cast: Baron 
Anthracite, R. E. Graham; Yosemite, Edwin Foy; Cinderella, 
Marguerite Fish; Prince Prettiwitz, May Yohe; Mardi Gras, 
Daisy Remsden; Fairy Graciosa, Homie Weldon; and Fiorde- 
fuma, Topsy Venn. Sig. Novissimo, the ballet master of this 
company, died in Bellevue Hospital, Aug. 16, 1890. May Yohe 
retired from the cast after the first night, and the Prince was acted 
by Mamie Cerbi. 

Annie Pixley appeared here Dec. 24 in " The Deacon's Daughter," 
and "Zara," Dec. 31. The Louis James-Marie Wainwright com- 
pany came Jan. 7, 1889, with "As You Like It," which had this 
cast: 



Banished Duke . . Erroll Dunbar 
Duke Frederick . . Harry Leighton 

Orlando Louis James 

Jaques F. C. Mosley 

Adam H. A. Langdon 

Oliver H. E. Chase 



Touchstone E. Y. Backus 

Charles J. M. Laflin 

Rosalind . . . Marie Wainwright 

Celia Anita Harris 

Audrey Kate Meek 

Phebe Alma Aiken 



326 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D889 



This play was repeated Jan. 8, 9; "Virginius" was given Jan. 
10-12; "Much Ado About Nothing," Jan. 11, and matinee, Jan. 
12, with Marie Wainwright as Beatrice and Louis James as Bene- 
dick. They were followed Jan. 14 by Fanny Davenport and com- 
pany in "La Tosca," which was thus cast: 



Le Baron Scarpia, 

Melbourne MacDowell 
Mario Cavaradossi, 

F. McCullough Ross 
Cesare Angellotti . Theodore Roberts 
Schiarone .... Joseph Weldon 
Le Marquis Attavanti . Bruce Hayes 



Vicomte de Trevillac, Arthur A. Lotto 
Colonetti . . . Jean H. Williams 
Reine Marie Caroline, Eleanor Merron 
Princess Orlonia .... May Diel 
Gennarino .... Marie Merriam 

Luciana Olivia Warren 

Floria Tosca . . Fanny Davenport 



An entertainment was given Sunday evening, Jan. 20, in aid of 
the Sick Relief Fund of United Council 1,035 Legion of Honor. 

John Wild first appeared in this city as a dramatic star Jan. 21 
in "Running Wild," which had this cast: 

Cardamon Moxie . . Will H. Dietz Dollie Gertrude Fort 

D'Oily Float ) t u -iii-u The Lady who does the clean- 

Joe King I • • ■ • John Wild ing ..... . St. Geo. Hussey 

Barry Cassidy . . Theo. M. Brown Penelope Podd . . . Adele Bray 

Daniel Dodge . . . F. M. Kendrick Flora Julia Mackey 

The Gentleman who removes Dora Ada Jones 

the ashes .... Harry Brinsley L Malone T. B. Butler 

The Howard Athenaeum specialty company came Jan. 28 for 
one week. The Lyceum Theatre company appeared Feb. 4 in 
"The Wife," by Bilasco and De Mille, which was thus cast: 



John Rutherford . Nelson Wheatcroft 
Matthew Culver . . Henry Hermon 
Major Homer Q. Putnam, 

James O. Barrows 
John Dexter . . Charles S. Dickson 
Robert Gray .... Frank Carlyle 



Silas Truman .... John Flood 
Helen Truman . Mrs. Berlan-Gibbs 
Lucile Ferrant . Adeline Stanhope 
Mrs. Belamy Ives, Adelaide Thornton 

Kitty Ives Hattie Schell 

Mrs. Amory .... Eliza Logan 



"Later On" was seen Feb. 11, "The Stowaway," Feb. 18; 
Richard Stahl's comic opera, "Said Pasha," was sung for the first 
time in this city Feb. 2, and had this cast: 

Said Pasha . . . . Francis Gaillard Hassan Bey ... R. N. Dunbar 

Hadad Edwin Stevens Terrano Hubert Wilke 

Nockey Stanley Felch Rajah .... Jos. Greensfelder 

Serena Helen Dingeon Queen Alti .... Carrie Godfrey 

Balah Sojah .... Alice Gaillard 

"Evangeline" was seen March 11 for two weeks, followed by 
M. Coquelin for one week, commencing March 25, in " Le Mariage 
de Figaro;" March 26, "Le Juif Polonais;" matinee, March 27, 
" Le Mariage de Figaro ; " evening, " Les Surprises du Divorce ; " 
March 28, " Le Voyage de M. Perrichon " and monologues ; 
matinee, March 30, "Le Juif Polonais;" evening, "LeGendrede 
M. Poirier;" for Coquelin's benefit, March 29 "Jean Dacier " 



iSSgH 



THE STAR THEATRE 



327 



and "The Silent System" received their first public performances 
in this country. The cast of the first play was: 



Jean Dacier .... M. Coquelin 

Berthaut M. Duquesne 

Baudru .... M. Jean Coquelin 
Le Comte M. Abel 



De Puylaurens . . . . M. Mayer 

Antonia Mme. Kerwich 

La Comtesse .... Mme. Patry 



In "The Silent System" Coquelin acted wholly in pantomime 
the part of a henpecked husband who did not even get a chance to 
utter a word. 

M. Coquelin's first American tour closed March 30 with a re- 
vival of "Le Gendre de M. Poirier." 

Rose Coghlan began a two weeks' engagement April i, in 
"Jocelyn," a play by her brother, Chas. Coghlan, produced for 
the first time in New York. The cast was: 



Louis Xin. . . Chas. F. Gotthold 
Prince Saviani . . Wilton Lackaye 
Philip de Boissac . Frank Lander 
Charles de Boissac, Conway Carpenter 
Henry de Boissac . Albert Roberts 
Gaston Marcel . . James E. Wilson 

Agenor Harry Gwynette 

Marfiso .... Charles W. Morgan 



Volatil Albert Roberts 

Narcisse . . . Charles E. Edwin 

Captain William Ranous 

Michael E. Tom Webber 

Blaisois Verner Clarges 

Mme. de Mortaigne, 

Mrs. Charles Watson 
Jocelyn Rose Coghlan 



Mrs. Chas. Watson died in this city May 4, 1889. 

Robson and Crane appeared in "The Henrietta," April 15, and 
closed May 1 1, which was also the date of the termination of their 
partnership as joint stars. They had been together for twelve 
years. Ullie Akerstrom made her metropolitan d^but May 13, act- 
ing in "Annette the Dancing Girl," which had this cast: 



Pete Frank Hewitt 

Richard James Homer 

Cuban Guard ... T. H. Tolway 
Mrs. Weldon . . . Maggie Harold 
Madge Hattie Morris 



Annette Ullie Akerstrom 

Sanford Weldon . . Alfred Hudson 
Herbert Ashton . . . Frank Lander 
Dandy Dick . . J. K. Applebee, Jr. 
Florence Markley . Jennie Nichols 



The season of 1889-90 opened Sept. 9 with Theo. Moss as man- 
ager. Bronson Howard's war play "Shenandoah" was acted for 
the first time in New York, and was thus cast: 



Gen. Haverill . . . Wilton Lackaye 
Col. Kerchival West . Henry Miller 
Capt. Heartsease . . Morton Selton 
Lieut. Frank Bedloe . G. W. Bailey 
Maj. Gen. Francis Buckthorn, 

Harry Harwood 
Sergt. Barket . . James O. Barrows 
Col. Robert EUingham, 

Lucius Henderson 
Capt. Thornton . . John E. Kellard 
Lieut, of Signal Corps . Harry Thorn 
Lieut, of Infantry . . Geo. Maxwell 



Mrs. Constance Haverill, Dorothy Dorr 
Gertrude EUingham . . . Viola Allen 
Madeline West . Nanette Comstock 
Jenny Buckthorn . . . Effie Shannon 
Mrs. Edith Havferill . Alice B. Haines 
Hardwick . . . . W. L. Dennison 
Capt. Lockwood . . . C. C. Brandt 
Corp. Dunn . . . W. J. Cummings 

Benson Wm. Barnes 

Old Margery .... Mrs. Haslam 
Jannette Esther Drew 



328 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D890 



On Oct. 14 the Jefferson-Florence company appeared in 
Rivals," with this cast: 



'The 



Sir Lucius O'Trigger, W. J. Florence 
Sir Anthony Absolute . Edwin Varrey 
Captain Absolute . Frederick Paulding 
Faulkland . . Geo. Frederick Nash 
Mrs. Malaprop . . Mrs. John Drew 



Bob Acres .... Joseph Jefferson 
David .... Geo. W. Denham 

Fag Joseph Warren 

Lydia Languish . . . Viola Allen 
Lucy Agnes Miller 



W. J. Scanlan was seen here Nov. 11 in "Myles Aroon." The 
Redmund-Barry company appeared Dec. 9 in "Herminie;" 
"Twelve Temptations" was seen for two weeks beginning Dec. 
16. A special matinee performance took place Dec. 19 of "A Fair 
Rebel." On Dec. 30 Fanny Davenport returned with "La Tosca" 
for a fortnight. William H. Crane produced "The Senator," by 
David Lloyd, for the first time in this city, Jan. 13, 1890, and with 
this cast : 



Senator Hannibal Rivers, 



Alex Armstrong . 
Count Von Strahl 
Baron Ling Ching 
Richard Vance 
Lieut. Schuyler . 
Isaiah Sharpless . 



William H. Crane 
George F. Devere 
. . H. Bergman 
. . . H. Braham 
. . James Neill 
. T. D. Frawley 
Wra. Herbert 



Mabel Denman, Lizzie Hudson Collier 
Mrs. Schuyler - . . Augusta Foster 
Mrs. Armstrong . . Jennie Karsner 
Josie Armstrong . . . Jane Stuart 
Mrs. Hilary, Georgia Drew Barrymore 
Silas Denman . . . . J. C. Padgett 
Erastus .... John J. Gilmartin 



Jane Stuart was the daughter of Maurice F. Hollahan, Deputy 
Commissioner, Department of Public Works of this city. Her 
first appearance on the stage was made in April, 1886, in the 
"Lily of Yeddo," at the Criterion Theatre, Brooklyn, N. Y. Her 
New York d^but was made Oct. 24, 1887, at the Fourteenth Street 
theatre, as Ernestine in "Baron Rudolph." She next appeared as 
Sylvaine in "Helene," Oct. 18, 1888. She joined Crane's com- 
pany at Decatur, 111., in September, 1889, acting Sallie Harmony 
in "On Probation." During the season of 1891-92 she was in 
Aug. Pitou's company. She retired from the stage and married 
Gen. Louis Auer at Milwaukee, Wis., Feb. 25, 1895. On Thurs- 
day afternoon, Feb. 9, an entertainment was given for the benefit 
of the Horace Greeley statue fund. "Bill Nye," James Whitcomb 
Riley, the Courtney Quartet, and others, appeared. 

The one hundredth performance of "The Senator" took place 
April 22 ; Stuart Robson, who was playing " The Henrietta " at 
Proctor's Twenty-third Street theatre, this city, rode from there 
to the Star in order to congratulate Mr. Crane. The second act 
was on when Mr. Robson entered the theatre, but he went down 
the aisle, mounted the stage, and in a humorous speech, assured 
Mr. Crane of his delight at the success of "The Senator." 

Georgie Drew Barrymore was ill the night of May i, and her 
place in the cast was filled by Lizzie Hudson Collier, while 



iSgo] 



THE STAR THEATRE 



329 



Leonora Bradley played Mabel. Mrs. Barrymore, resumed her 
part on the afternoon of May 3. 

Georgie Emma Drew Barrymore died at Santa Barbara, Cal., 
July 2, 1893, of consumption. She was the daughter of Mrs. John 
Drew, and wife of Maurice Barrymore, to whom she was married 
Dec. 31, 1876. 

"The Senator" closed May 10. "The Shatchen," written by 
Henry Doblin and his brother for Charles S. Dickson, was pro- 
duced May 12, for the first time in this city. The cast was: 
Joseph Lewis, Lewis Morrison; Meyer Petowsky, M. B. Curtis; 
Jack Ransome, Charles Dickson; Leo Lewis, Russ Whytal; 
James Nickerson, C. F. Montaigne; Edith, Florence Roberts; 
Alice, Rosabel Morrison; Fanny Morton, Sophie Eyre. 

In consequence of the illness of Mr. Morrison, Geo. Osborne 
acted Joseph Lewis, and Mr. Montaigne, Nickerson, commencing 
matinee. May 24. 

This theatre was the only one that did not give a matinee on 
Decoration Day, May 30. Lewis Morrison did not appear week 
ending May 31. Rosabel Morrison retired from the cast May 29, 
and her r61e was played by Gertrude Dawes. Stanislaus Stange 
replaced Russ Whytal June 2, and the house closed June 7. It 
was reopened for a brief season Aug. 4, under the management of 
Joseph Brooks, with "A Woman of the World," which had this 
cast: 



Mr. Ten Broek 
Mr. Kavana 
Mr. Deane . . 
Miss Prentiss . 



. Geo. F. Devere 
. . Wm. Herbert 
Livingstone Morse 
. Lillian Florence 



Mrs. Wakefield, 

Georgie Drew Barrymore 
Mr. Wakefield . . . Edwin Bethel 
Mrs. Copeland Ada Crisp 



This was followed by the farcical comedy, "The Balloon," cast 
thus: 



Dr. Glynn .... Robt. Hilliard 
Dr. Boyton . . . Geo. F. Devere 

David Wm. Herbert 

Miss Vera Jane Stuart 

Mr. Aubrey Fitzjohn (first appear- 
ance in America) . . Alfred Maltby 



Captain Cameron . . . Sidney Drew 
Policeman . . . John J. Gilmartin 
Mrs. Ripendale, 

Georgie Drew Barrymore 
Mrs. Fitzjohn . Mrs. Augusta Foster 
Grace Wentworth, Katharine Florence 



The next season began Sept. 8 with Wm. H. Crane as the star, 
in "The Senator." 

A matinee performance was given Sept. 4 for the benefit of the 
Grand Lodge, B. P. O. Elks. An entertainment the same after- 
noon took place at the Academy of Music. The result was a great 
disappointment, as the attendance at both theatres was very bad. 
The price fixed for orchestra seats, and the best seats in the or- 
chestra circle and balcony, at the testimonial performances, was 



330 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D891 

$2.50 each, with an admission charge of $1. One ticket, however, 
admitted the holder to both the Academy and the Star. Each 
performance began at one o'clock, and the curtains in both houses 
were rung up on probably the smallest audiences that ever greeted 
such elaborate programmes. 

At the matinee performance of Nov. 15 W. H. Crane fainted 
and fell to the stage during the third act. The last act was played 
with Geo. F. Devere in Crane's r61e. Mr. Crane played that night. 
" On Probation " had its first New York production matinee, Nov. 
19. It was originally acted Sept. 9, 1889, at Decatur, 111. The 
cast here was : 



Jonathan Silsbee . . Wm. H. Crane 
Maurice Fitzmaurice, 

William Harcourt 
Prince Ivan KaroskofE, T. D. Frawley 
Senhor Pedro Oliveira, Henry Bergman 
Dr. Benj. Cox . . . Henry Braham 



Eugene William Herbert 

Lady Frank Brooke . Hattie Russell 
Mary Marlowe . . . Esther Lyon 
Mrs. Harmony, Mrs. Augusta Foster 
Sadie Harmony . . . Jane Stuart 
Senhora Oliveira . Katharine Florence 



The two-hundredth performance of "The Senator" occurred 
Nov. 26. 

An author's matinee took place Dec. 11, when was produced, for 
the first time on any stage, three one-act plays — " The Haunted 
Room " : 



Captain Packenham Walsh, 

Wilton Lackaye 
Col. Robert Benton . Henry Bergman 

"A Woman": 



Peter . . . . 
Lady Carrolton 



George Morrison 
. . Caroline Hill 



Godsend . . . Jennie O'Neil Potter I Edward Livingstone, Henry Bergman 
John Harper . . . George F. Devere | 

" Grimsby's Dilemma " : 



Caleb Grimsby 
Helen . . . 
Sidney Brown . 
Dr. Campbell . 



. Wra. Herbert 

Minnie Palmer 

F. L. Sylvester 

Louis B. Darling 



Wm. Waley . . . Cecil Kingstone 

Jane Mrs. Britton 

James Geo. Morrison 



Mrs. Maraquita Hewitt, who wrote the three plays, was the wife 
of a well-known newspaper writer of this city. Jennie O'Neill 
Potter, who made her first appearance on any stage on this occa- 
sion, was a well-known reader of Western dialect stories, and the 
niece of James O'Neill, the actor. "The Senator" closed its stay 
here Jan. 31, 1891. 

"Mr. Potter of Texas" was presented, first time in this city, 
Feb. 2, and had this cast : 



i8gi2 



THE STAR THEATRE 



331 



The Hon. Sampson Potter, 

Frank Mordaunt 
Baron Lincoln . . . Henry Holland 
The Hon. Arthur Lincoln, 

Hugo Toland 
The Hon. Teddy Lincoln, Louis Haines 
B. Sydney Van Cott . . Sidney Drew 



Doctor Von Lambrith . Franz Reinau 
Lady Sarah . . Minnie Seligman 



Charlie Errol 
Ralph Errol 
Lubbins . . 
Brackett . . 
Ethel Lincoln 



Louis Massen 
. King Hedley 
Thos. Jackson 
Cecil Kingston 
. May Haines 



Hugo Toland played Sampson Potter; P. S. Reynolds, Brackett; 
Cecil Kingston, Sir Arthur, Feb. 7. Louis Massen withdrew from 
the cast Feb. 9, and Charles Errol was played by Clarence Handy- 
sides. Frank Mordaunt resumed his original r61e Feb. 11, and 
continued until the closing week, except the matinee of Feb. 14. 
" Mr. Potter of Texas " was played for the last time evening of Feb. 
14. 

Henry Holland died at Bellevue Hospital March 26. He was 
thirty-nine years of age, and an Englishman by birth. 

"The Power of the Press," by Geo. Jessop and Aug. Pitou, was 
seen for the first time on any stage March 16, and had this cast : 



Stephen Carson . 
Turner Morgan . 
De Witt Norwood 
Harold Norwood . 
Sam Freeborn . , 
Sidney Varian . . 
Mr. Hosford . . 
Joe Hawes . . . 



. Wilton Lackaye 
. . Myron Calice 
. . C. G. Craig 
. John E. Kellerd 
. Charles Dickson 
Lorimer Stoddard 
William Davidge 
. . Gus Frankel 



Tom Wyatt . . 
Mike O'Callaghan 
Mr. Warner 
Dan . . . 
Annie Carson 
May Hosford 
Julia Seymour 



. C. H. Leonard 

John Matthews 

. . Charles Dade 

Josie Wilmere 

Minnie Seligman 

Madeline Lucette 

AdeUne Stanhope 



Maximillian . . . William Friend 

Wilkins Julian Reed 

MoUie .... Genevra Ingersoll 

Mabel Edna Wallace 

Filbert Roland Reed 



Mrs. O'Callaghan, Mrs. John D.Findlay 

The play was withdrawn after the forty-ninth performance. 
"The Envoy" was produced for the first time May 4 with James 
O'Neill as the star. The next season began Aug. 31, 1891, with 
Roland Reed in "The Club Friend," for the first time in this 
city: 

Percival George F. Nash 

Abraham Oaks . Charles S. Smiley 

Evelyn Isadore Rush 

Sylvia Percy Haswell 

Makepeace . . . William Davidge 
Margaret . . . Mrs. Mary Myers 

Mr. and Mrs. Kendal reappeared in America Oct. 12 in "Still 
Waters Run Deep " : John Midmay, Kendal ; Captain Hawksley, 
Mr. Bucklaw; Potter, J. E. Dodson; Dunbilk, A. M. Dennison; 
Langford, H. Nye Chart; Mrs. Mildmay, Violet Raye; Mrs. 
Sternhold, Mrs. Kendal. The comedy was originally produced 
at the Royal Olympic Theatre, London, May 14, 1855, with 
George Vining as Capt. Hawksley, Alfred Wigan as John Mild- 
may, Miss Maskell as Mrs. Mildmay, Mrs. Alfred Wigan joined 
the cast May 28 to play Mrs. Sternhold. It was first seen in 
America Feb. 10, 1855, at Barnum's Museum this city. Two 



332 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Dsga 



evenings after this, it was acted at Burton's Chambers Street 
theatre. Its next production was at Cincinnati, at the National 
Theatre, Oct. 15, 1855, with Harry Watkins as John Mildmay, 
Benj. Maginley as Gimlet, Marcus Elmore as Hawksley, and 
Mrs. Elmore as Mrs. Mildmay. It was acted at Niblo's Garden, 
this city, Oct. 13, 1858, with Mr. and Mrs. F. B. Conway as Mr. 
and Mrs. Mildmay. It was produced at Wallack's Theatre, Oct. 
16, 1865, with E. L. Davenport as Hawksley, Charles Fisher as 
John Mildmay, Mark Smith as Potter, J. C. Williamson as Gimlet, 
Madelaine Henriques as Mrs. Mildmay, and Fanny Morant as 
Mrs. Sternhold. Laura Keene produced this comedy at her own 
theatre, acting Mrs. Sternhold herself, with George Jordan as 
Hawksley, and Chas. Wheatleigh as John Mildmay. 

"Home" was played Oct. 19 with W. H. Kendal as Col. 
White, and Mrs. Kendal as Mrs. Pinchbeck; A. M. Dennison 
was to have played Dorrison, but had intermittent fever. " The 
Iron Master " was given Oct. 26. There was no performance Oct. 
27, owing to the sudden death that day of Mr. Dennison. " Still 
Waters Run Deep " was done Oct. 28 ; "A Scrap of Paper " was 
played Oct. 29-30, and matinee, Oct. 31. The theatre was closed 
night of Nov. 2 and reopened Nov. 3, with "Miss Helyett," which 
had this cast: Paul Grahame, Mark Smith; Todder Bunnythorne, 
M. A. Kennedy ; Bonnefoy, Gilbert Sarony ; Senora Carmen, Kate 
Davis; Manuela, Laura Clement; Miss Helyett, Mrs. Leslie 
Carter. The fiftieth performance occurred Dec. 17. Laura 
Bellini appeared Dec. 28 as Manuela, and George Lyding was seen 
Dec. 28 as Shaughnessy. The theatre was closed Jan. 11, 1892, 
and reopened Jan. 12 with "For Money," for the first time in this 
city, and with this cast : 



Wilfield Farragut Gurney, 

William H. Crane 

Newton Stow James Neil 

Norman Stewart . . . T. D. Frawley 
Hilton Willard . . Adolph Jackson 
Mr. Redfern-Bell, George F. Devere 
Otto Bruning . . . Henry Bergman 



Mr. Choate . . . William Herbert 
Mrs. Rittinghouse-Webb 

Hattie Russell 
Beverly Dale . . Katharine Florence 
Winona Gurney . . . Anne O'Neill 
Mrs. Redfern-Bell . Augusta Foster 
Violet Bell Gladys Wallis 



"The American Minister," by Paul M. Potter, was seen for the 
first time on any stage April 4. The cast : 

Major Philpot Wart, William Herbert 
Pietro di Ferrara, Mr. Joseph Shannon 
General Cristoforo Colombo, 

George F. Devere 



Hon. Benjamin Franklin Lawton, 

William H. Crane 
Thomas Jefferson Lawton . Jas. Neil 
Quincy Adams . . Adolph Jackson 
Dr. Pierre Carondglet . J. C. Padgett 



Harry Braham and Gus Devere were also in the cast. 
The next season began August 22, 1892, with "Killarney," for 
the first time in this city, in which Katie Emmet played Kitty 



z892]| 



THE STAR THEATRE 



333 



Burke, and Terry Doyle. Roland Reed appeared Sept. 5 in 
"Lend Me Your Wife." The Howard Athenseum specialty or- 
ganization came August 28. The members of this company who 
made their first appearance in America were Cain and Abel, trapeze 
artists; Kate Cohen, vocalist; and Albert Christian, balladist. 
Lottie Collins reappeared in America in the musical sketch "A 
Naughty Substitute," singing for the first time in America "Mar- 
guerite." The Fred Warde-Louis James combination began an 
engagement of two weeks Sept. 11 in "The Lion's Mouth," with 
this cast : 

Paul di Novara . . Frederick Warde 

Julio H. A. Langdon 

Claudio H. C. Barton 

Bonatesta .... Charles Charters 

Marco Howard Kyle 

Gregorio Charles Clark 

Francesco Louis James 

Ugolini CD. Herman 

Dionysio James Cooper 

Solomon John Hickey 

Ghetto R. V. Percy 

"Julius Caesar" was presented Sept. 25, 26, 27, and Oct. 2 and 8; 
" Othello " was seen Sept. 29, 30, and Oct. 6. " Virginius " was 
done Oct. 3 and matinee, Oct. 7. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kendal returned Oct. 9 in "The Second Mrs. 
Tanqueray," by Arthur Pinero, for the first time in America, and 
with this cast : 



Simon . 








. G. A. Watson 


Giacomo 








. . H. D. Bird 


Antonio . 








. . R. Willing 


Caredo . 








Robert Harland 


Fabia 








. Miss Everett 


Linora . 








Edythe Chapman 


Marcella 








Fanny Bowman 


Fianchetta 








Dora Grundman 


Julia . . 








. Flora Gaines 


Lucia 








Miss Raymond 



Aubrey Tanqueray . 
Sir George Orreyd . 
Captain Hugh Ardale 
Cayley Drummle . . 
Frank Misquith . . 



. Mr. Kendal 

G. P. Huntley 

Oscar Adye 

J. E. Dodson 

. James East 



Gordon Jayne . 
Lady Orreyd . 
Mrs. Cortelyou 
Ellean . . . 
Paula . . . 



George H. Gray 

Nellie Campbell 

. Mary Talbott 

Annie Irish 

Mrs. Kendal 



" The Silver Shell " was presented Oct. 30 for the first time in 
America, and was thus cast : 



Gen. Prince Karatoff . . . Kendal 
Sir Richard Stanhope . Oscar Ayde 

Valdor Cecil M. York 

Banham James East 

Herr Schmidt ... G. P. Huntley 

MourofE C. Walker 

Borrs Ivanitch .... George Gray 

Vasili Howard Sturge 

Juge d'Instruction .... Walters 
Agent of Police ... A. Howton 

Constantin Harrison 

Vladimir Gaysford 

Joseph Jefferson appeared Nov, 6 in "Rip Van Winkle," with 
this cast: Rip, Joseph Jefferson; Derrick von Beekman, Edwin 



Adolf I. Deane 

Andre A. White 

Ivan Petrovitch Daly 

Ladislas H. Walford 

Lady Armytage . . . Annie Irish 
Mrs. Ladd . . . Florence Bennett 
Mrs. Verl .... Barbara Huntley 
Lucille .... Adrienne Dairolies 



Jack I 
Maggie f 
Katherine Vail . 



. Valentine 
Mrs Kendal 



334 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1894 



Varrey; Cockles, Joseph Warren; Hendrick, George F. Nash; 
Gretchen, Annie Mack; Meenie, Blanche Bender; Little Hend- 
rick, Nanon Fowler. Alex. Salvini began an engagement of two 
weeks Nov. 27, in "The Three Guardsmen," with this cast: 



Louis XIII. . . . Paul Cazeneuve 
Cardinal Richelieu . . Ben Johnson 
George Villiers . . . John A. Lane 
Count de Rochefort, Elmer Delamater 
De Treville . . . Clement St. Martin 

Aramis J. D. Murfree 

Athos .... William Redmund 
Porthos William Harris 



Pouchet . . . 
Captain de Jussac 
Seadrift . . . 
Anne of Austria 
Lady de Winter 
Constance . . 
Philippe d'Artagnan, 



. . George Clare 
Charles Richards 
Max Mazzanovich 
. Eleanor Moretti 
. Augusta Forrest 
. . Maud Dixon 
Alexander Salvini 



"Zamar," by Paul Kester, was first acted in this city Dec. 11. 
"Ruy Bias" was played Dec. 18, with William Harris as Don 
Salluste; Wm. Redmund, Don Caesar; Eleanor Moretti, Marianne; 
and Alex. Salvini in the title r61e. " Don Caesar de Bazan " was 
seen Dec. 20-21 ; "Zamar," Dec. 22, and matinee and night, Dec. 
23. "Africa" Dec. 25, with this cast: 



Maurice Merrill . 
Matthew Miller . 
Moses Merrill . . 
Menander Mudge . 
Maggs 



John A. Coleman 

Chas. H. Hopper 

Chas. J. Stine 

. H. W. Frillman 

R. J. Jose 



Miggs Thos. Lewis 

Muggs John Daly 

Menelaus McAllister . Wm. Vidocq 
Mike Milligan . . . E. C. Jobson 



Marion Morton 
Mabel Merrill . 
Maude Merrill . 
Millicent Merrill 
Minerva Mudge 
Melissa Maddox 
Mark Mansfield 
Mr. Merkus 



. . Hilda Rollins 
. . Helen Byron 
. Henrietta Byron 
. Blanche Hayden 
Florence Raymond 
. . Madge Ellis 
. . Otis Harlan 
. George Thatcher 



Mrs. John Drew appeared here as Widow Warren Jan. 15, 1894, 
in "The Road to Ruin," with Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Drew as Mr. 
Oakley and Harriet Russet. " The Jealous Wife " was played Jan. 
22 for one week except the night of Jan. 27, when " The Rivals " 
was given. W. H. Crane returned Jan. 29 in "The Senator." 
Agnes Booth was Mrs. Hillary, and Fred de Belleville, Count 
von Strahl; "On Probation," March $; and Mr. Crane's engage- 
ment closed March 10. " Rosedale" was presented March 21, with 
this cast : 



Elliot Gray . . 
Bunbernr Cobb . 
Miles McKenna . 
Matthew Leigh 
Col. Cavendish May 



. Joseph Haworth 

William Mestayer 

. Frank J. Keenan 

Howard Gould 

Mark Price 



Lady Florence May 
Rosa Leigh . . . 
Tabitha Stork . . 
Lady Adela Gray . 
Sarah Sykes . . 



. Annie Clarke 
Isabella Evesson 
. . Kate Ryan 
. Belle Stokes 
. Helen Dayne 



Mr. and Mrs. Kendal reappeared April 2 in "The Second Mrs. 
Tanqueray," for one week; "The Iron Master " was seen April 9-1 1, 
and matinee, April 14; "Still Waters Run Deep," April 10-12; 
"A White Lie," April 13; and the Kendals closed April 14, 
with "A Scrap of Paper," "The Mouse Trap," and "A Pair of 



18943 



THE STAR THEATRE 



335 



Lunatics." " A Play in Little," and " Faithful James " were given 
afternoon April 13 by the Kendals and other volunteers for the 
benefit of the Actors' Fund. Joseph Jefferson returned April 16 
for two weeks in " Rip Van Winkle ; " " The Crust of Society " was 
played April 30 ; " Musotte, " by de Maupassant, was first acted in 
America May 7, and had this cast : John Martinel, Nelson Wheat- 
croft ; Leo de Petitpre, Edward J. Radcliffe ; M. Martinel, Joseph 
W. Shannon ; Madame de Ronchard, Sarah McVicker ; Ruth Mar- 
tinel, Carrie L. Keeler. 

The next season began Aug. 27, with Edmund Collier in " The 
Cross Roads of Life," for the first time in this city. "Rosedale" 
followed Sept. 10 for two weeks with Joseph S. Haworth, Elliot 
Gray; M. A. Kennedy, Bunberry Cobb; Chas. Abbott, Miles 
MciCenna; and Charles B. Hanford, Matthew Leigh. William H. 
Crane produced "The Merry Wives of Windsor," Sept. 24, with 
this cast: 



Sir John Falstaff . . Wm. H. Crane 

Fenton William Lewers 

Justice Shallow H. A. Weaver, Sen. 
Master Slender . Jos. Wheelock, Jr. 
Sir Hugh Evans . James O. Barrows 
Dr. Caius Percy Brooke 



Bardolph Gus Devere 

Pistol Geo. F. Devere 

Mistress Ford . . . FfoUiott Paget 
Mistress Page . Lizzie Hudson Collier 

Anne Page Anne O'Neill 

Dame Quickley . Kate Denin Wilson 



Joseph Jefferson appeared Oct. 10 in "Rip Van Winkle," and 
remained for two weeks. 

Rose Coghlan presented a revival of " Diplomacy " Oct. 24, 
which had this cast: Henry Beauclerc, Charles Coghlan; Captain 
Julian Beauclerc, John T. Sullivan ; Count Orloff, Frederic Rob- 
inson; Baron Stein, Robert Fischer; Algie Fairfax, Grant Stew- 
art; Markham, John S. Marble; Antoine, Edwin James; Shepard, 
E. R. Lester; Francois, Ernest Auporz; Dora, Sadie Martinot; 
Marquise de Rio Zares, Ida Von Trautman ; Lady Henry Fairfax, 
Beatrice Moreland; Mion, Mabel Eaton; Countess Zicka, Rose 
Coghlan. E. S. Willard was seen here Nov. 21 in "The Middle- 
man;" "Judah" Dec. S; "John Needham's Double," Dec. 8; and 
"A Fool's Paradise," for the first time in this city Dec. 12; the 
farce, "My Wife's Dentist," was played the same night; "The 
Professor's Love Story" was produced Dec. 19, for the first time 
in this city, and was thus cast : 



Goodwillie Mr. Willard 

Agnes Goodwillie . . Ethel Douglas 
Sir George Gilding . . Louis Massen 
Lady Gilding . . . Maxine Elliott 



Dowager Lady Gilding 

Nannie Craddock 

Dawson Arthur Tiffany 

Lucy White . . Marie Burroughs 



Minna Gale Haynes appeared as a " star " for the first time in 
New York, and played Julia in "The Hunchback," Dec. 26, with 
John Malone as Clifford, Milnes Levick as Master Walter, Eben 



336 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1893 



Plympton as Modus, Owen S. Fawcett as Fathom, and Mary Shaw 
as Helen. "As You Like It" was seen Jan. 2, 1893, with Eben 
Plympton as Orlando; Milnes Levick, Jaques; Owen S. Fawcett as 
Touchstone; and Minna Gale Haynes as Rosalind. "Romeo and 
Juliet " was played Jan. 9 for two weeks : Romeo, Eben Plympton ; 
Mercutio, Milnes Levick ; Nurse, Mrs. Sol Smith; Lady Capulet, 
Lizzie Goode; Juliet, Minna Gale Haynes. Eben Plympton was 
out of the cast Jan. 10, 11, 12, when Arthur Lewis acted Romeo 
and Frederick Vroom was the Tybalt. "The Hunchback" was 
repeated, Jan. 23; "Ingomar," Jan. 24-28, with Miss Haynes as 
Parthenia, and Plympton as Ingomar; "As You Like It," Jan. 25; 
"The Lady of Lyons" was given Jan. 26 and matinee, Jan 28; 
"Romeo and Juliet," Jan. 27. 

Wm. H. Crane reappeared Jan. 30 in " On Probation " : Jona- 
than Silsbee, William H. Crane; Lady Brooke, Hattie Russell; 
Senhora Olviera, Anne O'Neil; Mary Marlow, Amy Busby; Mrs. 
Harmony, Augusta Foster. "Brother John," by Martha Morton, 
was produced March 20, for the first time on any stage. It had 
this cast: 



Hettie Rolan . Lizzie Hudson Collier 
Maggie Rolan . . . Gladys Wallis 
Mrs. Van Sprague . . Marie Dantes 
Helen Van Sprague . . Amy Busby 
Maria Idalene Cotton 



John Hackett . . William H. Crane 
Bobby Hackett, Joseph Wheelock, Jr. 
Henry De Ruyter . J. H. Gilmour 
Wolf Hopkins ... J. C. Padgett 
Beckey Hackett . . Augusta Foster 
Sophie Hackett . . . Anne O'Neil 

George F. Devere took a benefit afternoon of April 18 to cele- 
brate his fiftieth year upon the stage. Mrs. Harriet Holman took 
a benefit the afternoon of April 25. The first act of "The Grand 
Duchess " was given, with Wm. H. Crane as Gen. Boum, Villa 
Knox as the Grand Duchess, Madge Lessing as Wanda, Frederick 
Solomon as Baron Puck, Max Figman as Nepomuc. " The Open 
Gate" was played by Eugene Ormonde, Fritz Williams, Maude 
Harrison, and Bessie Tyree; and "Old Love Letters" by Agnes 
Booth, Eugene Ormonde, and John Findlay. H. E. Dixey, J. T. 
Powers, Harry Conor, May Robson, and May Irwin also appeared. 
James T. Powers appeared here in "A Bad Bargain," May i: 
Arthur Jones, James T. Powers; Albert Jones, Peter F. Dailey; 
Rose Robinson, Rachel Booth; Mrs. Timothy Tracey, Louise 
Sylvester. 

The season of 1893-94 opened August 14 with "The Player," 
by Blanche Marsden, with Lawrence Hanley as Hamlet and Russ 
Whytall as Claudius. On August 21 Lawrence Hanley changed 
his programme to two acts of "Romeo and Juliet," and "Othello," 
acting the title r61e in the latter play. "The Pacific Mail," an 
adaptation by Paul M. Potter from Tom Taylor's " Overland Route," 
was given Oct. 22, first time on any stage, and thus cast : 



1895] 



THE STAR THEATRE 



337 



Sylvanus Urban 
Mrs. Urban 
Capt. Weatherby 
Colin-Croft . . 
Sir Barnaby Bruce 



Wm. H. Crane 
Ffolliott Paget 
Orrin Johnson 

. Boyd Putnam 
H. A. Weaver 



Ida Bruce Anne O'Neill 

Mr. Winks ... G. F. Devere 
Humphrey Cossett 

Joseph Wheelock, Jr. 
Lucilla Cossett Lizzie Hudson-Collier 



Judge Yancey . . . Geo. F. Devere 
Amoret Yancey . . Mary Saunders 
Mrs. Chiverly .... Ida Burrows 
Harvey Packlemerton H. A. Langdon 
Euphemia Packlemerton 

Kate Denin Wilson 

Milly Vallie Egar 

Major Fogarty . . . Percy Brooke 
Montague Carlton. . D. J. Fingleton 
Coolidge Brothers, James O. Barrows 



An afternoon performance Oct. 25 was for the benefit of Little 
Ruby the child dancer. "To Nemesis, or Love and Hate," by 
Mrs. Romaldo Pacheco, was played Dec. 3 for the first time on 
any stage: 



Count Ogareff . Frederick de Belleville 
Marquis d'Aramale . Henry Jewett 
Hon. Tom Abington Smythe 

Cecil M. York 
Sr. Stuyvesant Smith J. W. Shannon 
Henri d'Alembert . . Mason Mitchell 
Dr. Marteau . H. W. Montgomery 
Capt. Renaud . . Franklyn Roberts 



Nikifor Harry Courtaine 

Mile. WalanofE . . Rose Coghlan 
Baroness de la Bruyere Maxine Elliott 



Alixe Flaubert 
Mme. Froissart 
Mme. Ipanoff . 
Mme. Grangelieu 
Nadine . . . 



Eifie Shannon 

Hattie Russell 

Ida Von Trautman 

. Blanche Burton 

Gertrude Elsmere 



f "London Assurance" was produced Dec. 20, 21, 22, and matinee, 
Dec. 25, 26, also night of Dec. 28, with Fred de Belleville, Sir 
Harcourt; John T. Sullivan, Dazzle; Harry Jewett, Charles Court- 
ley; Rose Coghlan, Lady Gay Spanker; and Maxine Elliott, Grace 
Harkaway. " Diplomacy " was repeated Dec. 24-27, and matinee, 
Dec. 29. "Forget Me Not" was given the nights of Dec. 25-29. 
Harry Hawk acted Mark Meddle in "London Assurance," matinee, 
Dec. 25, and nights of Dec. 26-28. Denman Thompson appeared 
here Dec. 31 in "The Old Homestead," and continued until April 
27, 1895. On Saturday night, Jan. 6, 1895, Den Thompson's en- 
tertainment of songs, illustrated and illuminated, was seen for the 
first time in this city. Den Thompson was too ill to appear Jan. 
15-16, andhisr61e in "The Old Homestead " was assumed by Odell 
Williams. Afternoon of April 19 a performance was given for the 
benefit of the Manhattan Hospital and Infirmary. An English 
opera company commenced April 27, in "The Bohemian Girl," 
with this cast: Count Arnheim, Arthur Seaton; Arline, Helen 
Bertram; Buda, Leona Cardona; Queen of the Gypsies, Lucille 
Saunders; Devilshoof, Albert McGuckin; Florestein, Maurice 
Abbey; and Thaddeus, Charles O. Bassett. This opera was re- 
peated May I ; "II Trovatore " was sung April 30 and May 3, with 
Mile. Lindh, Leonora; Clodio, Manrico; McGuckin, Ferrando; 
Seaton, Count di Luna; and Miss Mattfield as Azucena. "Faust" 
was given May 2. Shortly after the audience had assembled Sat- 
urday night. May 4, they were informed that there Would be no 

VOL. II. — 22 



338 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE E1897 

performance and that their money would be returned at the box 
office. The cause was a strike of the orchestra for salaries. Elita 
Proctor Otis appeared here May 13 in "Oliver Twist" for a few 
nights, after which the theatre was closed, when Neil Burgess be- 
came lessee. 

The Star Theatre was now extensively altered, particularly behind 
the curtain. The old stage which sloped perceptibly to the foot- 
lights, a relic of the days when the ballet had to be considered, 
was taken out and a new stage built. A new and elaborate system 
of electric lighting was introduced, which operated two thousand 
incandescent lamps. Twenty-two new dressing-rooms were built 
beneath the stage. 

The theatre was reopened Saturday night, Nov. 2, 1895, with 
"The Year One," by Charles Barnard, with this cast: Caesar Oc- 
tavius Augustus, Emperor of Rome, Neil Burgess ; Curius Cinna, 
John A. Lane ; C. Manlius Gallius, Edgar L. Davenport ; Geth- 
airius, Cuyler Hastings;. Startori, Percy Smith; Gabbylaria, Neil 
Burgess. It was a great failure. On Nov. 14 the play was re- 
vised, and given at a professional matinee. The house was closed 
Dec. 5 and continued dark until Dec. 9, when Neil Burgess ap- 
peared in "The County Fair," and remained until Jan. 25, 1896. 

The next manager of this house was Walter Sanford, who took 
charge Jan. 27, and presented Joseph Murphy as the star in " Shaun 
Rhue " for the first week, and in " Kerry Gow " the second week. 
"The War of Wealth" came here Feb. 10; "The Last Stroke," 
March 23 ; " Law of the Land," April 27. The season closed May 
2 and reopened Saturday night, August 29, 1896, with cheap prices 
of admission, under the management of R. M. Gulick, Henry M. 
Bennett, Wm. T. Keogh, and Thos. Davis, managers of the Bijou 
Theatre, Brooklyn, the Bijou in Pittsburg, the National in Phila- 
delphia, and the Columbia in Boston. The opening attraction 
was "Northern Lights," which ran for two weeks. Cleveland's 
minstrels were seen Sept. 14; "In the Heart of the Storm," Sept. 
21; "The Liliputians," Sept. 28, in "The Merry Tramps," for 
five weeks ; Mme. Sissierretta Jones, the colored singer known as 
the "Black Patti," gave a concert Sunday night, Oct. 11; The 
Liliputians gave a professional matinee, Oct. 22; "Black Patti's 
Troubadours " were heard Nov, 2 ; Frank Bush came Nov. 9 in 
" A Girl Wanted ; " " An Innocent Sinner " Nov. 16. Andrew Mack 
was seen Nov. 23 in " Myles Aroon ; " "A Happy Little Home " 
came Nov. 30 for two weeks, also a farce called "The Yellow 
Kid ; " " The Bells of Shandon " was to have been played Dec. 14, 
but " Brother for Brother " was given instead. The Liliputians 
came Dec. 21 for two weeks; "Fallen Among Thieves," by Frank 
Harvey, was acted Jan. 4, 1897; "A Trip to Chinatown," Jan. 
11; "A Boy Wanted," Jan. 18, for two weeks; "On the Missis- 



I8g83 



THE STAR THEATRE 



339 



sippi," Feb. i; "Cuba's Vow," by J. J. McCloskey, was produced 
Feb. 8 for the first time on any stage by professional players, and 
had this cast : 



Cuba Varona . . Adelaide Cushman 
Donna Dolores Vazquez, 

Etelka WardeU 
Delphine Varona, . Louise Sydmeth 
Patria Little Mona 



Lieut. Percival Grant 

Harrington Reynolds 
Narciso Vazquez . . Frank Opperman 
Maximo Gomez . . W. L. Buchanan 
Antonio Maceo . . Hamilton Harris 
Felipo Varona . Frederick Lander 

It was repeated for a second week. Kate Claxton came Feb. 22, 
in "Two Orphans." Ward and Yokes were seen in "A Run 
on the Bank," March i; "The Great Diamond Robbery" was done 
March 8; "The Boys of Kilkenny," by Townsend Walsh, March 
15; Kate Claxton, March 22, in "The World Against Her;" Hi 
Henry's minstrels, March 29; "A Texas Steer," April 5; Carl 
A. Haswin was seen April 12 in "A Lion's Heart;" "Chimmie 
Fadden " came April 19; "The Land of the Living" was produced 
April 26, with Kid McCoy, the prize fighter, in the cast. 

A new version of " Uncle Tom's Cabin," by Edwin Barbour and 
Harkins, was given May 3, and ran for three weeks. The season 
closed May 21. The house reopened May 31 for one week, with 
Robert Fitzsimmons, another prize fighter, and a vaudeville 
company. 

The next season began Aug. 21, 1897, with "The Privateer," by 
Harrison G. Fiske, for the first time on any stage, with Chas. H. 
Riegel, Lorimer Johnstone, Henry Bagge, Edward Eisner, Dora 
Goldthwaite, and others in the cast. " The Captain of the Non- 
such" was presented Sept. 13 for the first time. This was an 
adaptation from the French of Hennequin, by J. F. Milliken and 
John M. Morton. The Liliputians came Sept. 20 in "The Fair 
in lyiidgettown," a spectacular play in four acts, by Robert Breiten- 
bach, with incidental music by Victor Hollaender. It was thus 
cast: Stockfellow, Wilke; Mary, Elsie Lau; Dr. Brown, Hart- 
wig; Fatman, Herrmann Ring; Alice, Toni Meister; Joe, Max 
Walter; Freelunch, Franz Ebert; Soap, Bertha Jaeger; Annie, 
Selma Goerner; General Grant, Helene Linden "The Heart of 
the Klondike," by Scott Marble, was seen for the first time Nov. 
8. The opera "Shamus O'Brien" was sung Dec, 6. On and 
after Dec. 13 the prices of admission ranged from $1 to 15 cts. 
"Chimmie Fadden" came Dec. 13; a vaudeville company, Dec. 
20; "Miss Philadelphia " (previously called "Miss Manhattan"), 
Dec. 27, with Elva Croix Seabrooke, Queen Vassar, Jessie Villars, 
and others in the cast. -- - 




340 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1899 



Check," Feb. 14, with Maggie Cline in her songs. Kate Clax- 
ton returned Feb. 21 in "The Two Orphans;" "East Lynne " 
was played Feb. 28, with McKee Rankin, Wilton Lackaye, Nance 
O'Neil, and Rose Eytinge in the cast. "At Piney Ridge" was 
played March 7; Joseph Murphy came March 14, in "Shaun 
Rhue;" John A. Stevens, March 21, in "Unknown;" Elita Proc- 
tor Otis and Charles Barron were seen March 28 in " Oliver Twist ; " 
"The Electrician" was done April 4. 

Louis James April il, in "Hamlet;" "Julius Csesar," April 12; 
and other plays during the week. " Northern Lights " was done 
April 18; "Uncle Tom's Cabin," April 25; "The White Squad- 
ron," May 2. A summer opera season commenced May 9 with a 
matinee each day except Monday. The "Mikado" was the first 
opera sung. "The Bohemian Girl " was heard May 16; " Olivette," 
May 23, with Corinne in title r61e. Corinne retired from the cast 
after May 26. " Pinafore " and " Trial by Jury " were given May 
30, and the season closed June 4. The house reopened Aug. 13, 
with "In Atlantic City," Frank M. Wells being the star; "A 
Hired Girl" was seen Aug. 22; "The Maine Avenged," by Ham- 
ilton Harris, Aug. 29; "Hazel Kirke" was seen Sept. $ with this 
cast: 



Dolly Dutton . . 
Mercy Kirke . . 
Lady Travers . . 
Clara .... 
Arthur Carringford 
Aaron Rodney 



Mary Stuart 

Lizzie Duroy 

Clara Gisiko 

Edith Gibbons 

. Basil West 

Clifford Pembroke 



Pittacus Green . . A. Law Gisiko 

Met J. H. Vernon 

Barney O'Flynn . William H. Cahill 

Joe Charles Marriott 

Dunstan Kirke . . C. W. Couldock 



This was C. W. Couldock's last appearance on the stage. "The 
Lost Paradise" was played Sept. 12, with Harrison J. Wolfe the 
star; "John Martin's Secret," by Sutton Vane, was given for 
the first time in America, Sept. 19; "A Sure Cure" came Sept. 26. 
Oct. 3 "Have You Seen Smith.'" by Scott Marble, was offered; 
"A High Born Lady," Oct. 10, by Herbert Hall Winslow; "The 
Two Little Vagrants," Oct. 17; "On Land and Sea," Oct. 24; 
"Shall We Forgive Her.'" Oct. 31, for two nights, with Marie 
Wainwright the star, who also appeared in "East Lynne," matinee 
Nov. 2, and the rest of the week. " The Finish of Mr. Fresh " was 
produced Nov. 7; "My Friend from India," Nov. 14; "The Two 
Orphans," Nov. 21, with Kate Claxton as the star; "A Grip of 
Steel," Nov. 28; "A Spring Chicken," Dec. 5; "Devil's Island," 
Dec. 12; Clara Morris was seen in "Miss Multon," Dec. 19; "A 
Female Drummer " came Dec. 26, with Johnstone Bennett as the 
star. 

Jan. 2, 1899, "Red, White, and Blue" by James Schonberg, 
was seen; "Down in Dixie," Jan. 9; "Daughters of the Poor,"' 



igoo: THE STAR THEATRE 341 

Jan. 16; "Cumberland '61," Jan. 23; "The Girl from Paris," Jan, 
30; "Two Little Vagrants," Feb. 6; "Heart of the Klondike," 
Feb. 13; "A Female Drummer" returned Feb. 20 for two weeks; 
"McFadden's Row of Flats" was seen March 6; "The Silver 
King," March 13; "King of the Opium Ring," March 20; "Side- 
walks of New York," March 27, with Tom Sharkey the prize fighter 
in the play. " At Piney Ridge " returned April 3 ; " A Stranger 
in New York" came April 10; "A Parlor Match," April 17; 
"Prodigal Daughters," April 24; "White Heather," May i; 
"Uncle Tom's Cabin," May 8; "Yon Yonson," May 15; "Gettys- 
burg," May 22; Paul Gilmore appeared May 29 in "The Three 
Guardsmen;" "Too Much Johnson," by William Gillette, June 5; 
and the season closed June 10. 

The next season began Saturday night, Aug. 19, with "The 
Queen of Chinatown," by James Jarrow, with Harry Mainhall 
and Jeffreys Lewis in the leading r61es. Howard Hall appeared 
here Aug. 28 in his own play, "A Soldier of the Empire;" the 
melodrama, "The City of New York," by Walter Fessler, was 
done Sept. 4, and "A Trip to Chinatown," Sept. 11. Harrison J. 
Wolfe appeared in "Corsican Brothers," Sept. 18 and repeated it 
during the week, and was also seen in "David Garrick," preceded 
by the balcony scene from "Romeo and Juliet," matinee Sept. 20 
and night of Sept. 22; "Hamlet," with Wolfe in the title r61e was 
done the night of Sept. 20 and matinde, Sept. 23 ; " Courted into 
Court" came Sept. 25; "When London Sleeps," Oct. 2; "Through 
the Breakers," Oct. 9; Williams and Walker's negro specialty show, 
Oct. 16; "Two Little Vagrants," Oct. 23; "The White Heather," 
Oct. 30, with Rose Coghlan as the star; "The Great Train 
Robbery" was seen Nov. 6; "The Evil Eye," Nov. 13'; Joseph 
Murphy played in "Kerry Gow," Nov. 20; "The Queen of China- 
town " came Nov. 27, with Will Harkins and Laura Biggar in 
leading r61es; "Kidnapped in New York," came Dec. 4; West's 
minstrels, Dec. 11; "Under the City Lamps," Dec. 18; "Bowery 
After Dark," Dec. 25 ; " Superba," Jan. 8, 1900; '* A Female Drum- 
mer," Jan. 15; "A Guilty Mother," Jan. 22; "King of Rogues," 
Jan. 29; "Man's Enemy," Feb. 5; "The Great Train Robbery," 
Feb. 12; "Around New York in Eighty Minutes," Feb. 19; 
" King of the Opium Ring," Feb. 26; "Gunner's Mate," March 
5; "Uncle Tom's Cabin," March 12; "Across the Paciiic," March 
19; "On the Stroke of Twelve," April 2; "Hearts of Oak," 
April 9; "McFadden's Row of Flats." April 16; "A Dangerous 
Woman," by Fred Scudamore, April 23; "Caught in the Web," 
April 30; "Yon Yonson," May 7; Williams and Walker's colored 
show. May 14; Julia Morrison in "A Day of Reckoning," May 
21; "Devil's Mine," May 28. The season closed June 2. 
The next season opened Aug. 11, with Aiden Benedict's version 



342 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cigoi 



of "Quo Vadis; " Aug. 20 was the first presentation on any stage 
of "The Angel of the Alley," byTheo Kremer, with this cast: 



Walter Bennett 
Harry Morgan 
Father Newman 
Willie Brummell 
Pat Mulligan . 
Sam Smalley . 
Bob Turner . 
Warden . . . 



. Gus. A. Stryker 
Arthur E. Sprague 
Chas. E.Bunnell 
Joseph P. Carey 
. Mr. P. C. Foy 
Ernest J. Mack 
. Harvey King 
. W. C. Lang 



. Philip Wilson 
Ed. A. Cromwell 
. Carina Jordan 
Florence Gerald 
. Lillian Harper 
Katrina Katzenmayer 

Marie Le Roy 
Sally Slide . . • Tessie Lawrence 



Policeman . . 
Jake . . . . 
Ethel Sheriden 
Mrs. Bennett . 
Nancy Oliver 
Mrs ■ 



Aug. 27, first time on any stage of "The Slaves of the Orient," 
also by Theo. Kremer: 

. . . Abdallah 
Oshan Ben Saleem 
. Hadji Hammed 
. Edward Fenton 
Joseph Dudley 
. James Coppinger 
George Considine 
. . Lucia Moore 
. . Adele Palmer 
. . . LiUieHall 



Abu-Arisch 
Fakih-Ali . 
Hodhaifah . 
Abd'allah . 
Scheddah . 
Khaled . . 
Selim . . 
Alice Palmer 
Fatima . . 
Marguerite . 



Abdul Hamid .... M. J. Jordan 
Gen. Fiske .... James R. Garey 
Lieutenant Howard Ward 

Geo. A. D. Johnson 
Ensign George Winters, Harold Crane 
Osmar Pasha .... Howard Lang 

Hassan George Seybolt 

Agah Ahmed 

Abdul Nazami Rahlman 

Hamal Abachi 

El Chahin .... Carlos Fernandez 

Sept. 3, "Uncle Sam in China," Sept. 10, "M'liss," with Nellie 
McHenry in the title rdle; Sept. 17, "Reaping the Whirlwind," 
by Owen Davis; Sept. 24, "Bowery After Dark," with Terry 
McGovern the prize fighter as the star ; Oct. i, "Man's Enemy;" 
Oct. 8, "A Wise Guy;" Oct. 15, Williams and Walker; Oct. 22, 
"Siberia;" Oct. 29, "King of the Opium Ring;" Nov. 5, "The 
Great White Diamond " by Walter Fessler; Nov. 12, "Two 
Little Vagrants;" Nov. 19, first time on any stage, "The African 
King," by Madelaine Merle; Nov. 26, "Great Train Robbery;" 
Dec. 3, "Through the Breakers;" Dec. 10, Gus Hill's Lilipu- 
tians; Dec. 17, the Indian actress, Go-Won-Go-Mohawk in "The 
Flying Arrow;" Dec. 24, "Eight Bells;" Dec. 31, "Superba;" 
Jan. 7, 1901, "County Fair," with Neil Burgess as the star; Jan. 
14, "Lost in the Desert;" Jan. 21, Robert Fitzsimmons, the 
prize fighter, in "The Honest Blacksmith;" Jan. 28, "McFad- 
den's Row of Flats;" Feb. 4, "A Guilty Mother;" Feb. 11, 
"Across the Pacific;" Feb. 18, "Lost Paradise," with Harrison 
Wolfe as the star; Feb. 25, "Shenandoah;" March 4, "Uncle 
Tom's Cabin;" March 11, "Bowery after Dark," with Teddy 
McGovern, the prize fighter, as the star; March 18, "The Con- 
vict's Daughter;" March 25, Cole and Johnson's colored com- 
pany; April I, "A Young Wife;" April 8, "On the Stroke of 
Twelve;" April 15 Thomas E. Sh'ea opened in "The Man-o'- 
War's Man," and during the week he presented "Dr. Jekyll and 



1865] 



DODWORTH HALL 



343 



Mr. Hyde." The last performance given here was "The Man-o'- 
War's Man." The attendance was very poor, owing, no doubt, to 
the bad weather. The cast of "Man-o'-War's Man "was: 



Capt. Jack Conway . Thomas E. Shea 
Capt. Basillo Havilando, Henry Testa 
Lieut. Herman Schiller . . Jas. Irving 
Ensign Barry Hanlay, Jas.J. Cassady 
Senor Enrique Candenas 

Geo. L. Kennedy 
Gen. Ivan Pietrovitch, Wm. J. Carnes 
Gen. Raposo . . J. Irving Southard 
Baron Adamantofi . John E. Gilbert 



Prince Septine Barenski. John R. Pauly 
Lieut. Victor Leontine, Wm. Johnson 
Hon. Cyril Denleigh . George West 
Gen. de Mercier . . James Irving 
Russian Jailer . . . John Wilton 
Elinore Denleigh . . Josephine Morse 
Jessie Denleigh . . Charlotte Burkett 
Rose Leontine . Bessie B. Beardsley 



R. M. Gulick, H. M. Bennett, and Wm. T. Keogh, the firm of 
R. M. Gulick & Co., were the last managers of the house. At the 
close of the performance the audience dispersed, while the orches- 
tra, standing, played "Auld Lang Syne." About two hundred 
persons lingered in the auditorium and called for a speech. The 
raising of the curtain disclosed the stage hands clearing the stage. 
Mr. Shea asked for some representative of the management to make 
a farewell address, but none was forthcoming. He instructed a 
stage hand to place a " bunch light " in the centre of the stage, 
and the few remaining people gathered about the house. 

"It's characteristic," said an actor. "The lemon's squeezed. 
Throw it away, and there's an end to it." 

George G. Rockwood, the photographer, then ascended to the 
stage and made a few remarks. Then some one asked that the or- 
chestra play something for old times' sake. " The orchestra has 
gone, " remarked Bessie Beardsley, the soubrette of the company, 
"but if there's a piano I'll do what I can." Finally a piano was 
wheeled upon the stage and Miss Beardsley played "Auld Lang 
Syne," which was sung by the other members of the company, the 
stage hands, and all who were present ; and thus ended the history 
of this famous old house. It was soon after demolished and busi- 
ness premises were erected on its site. 



DODWORTH HALL 

ADJOINING Grace Church at 806-808 Broadway was " Dod- 
worth Hall " devoted to lectures and light entertainments. 
During the latter part of 1861 a series of "soirees dramatiques" 
was given under the direction of M. Juignet. Artemus Ward lec- 
tured here from Oct. 17 to Dec. 24. His subject was "Mormon- 
dom. " Augusta L. Dargon made her debut as a reader June 8, 
1863. Alfred Burnett appeared Feb. 27, 1865, for three weeks. 
His last appearance in this city was at Harry Miner's Theatre in 
the fall of 1883. He died at Cincinnati, Ohio, April 4, 1884, of 



344 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1863 

apoplexy. He was born at London, Eng., Oct. 2, 1824, and was 
brought to this country when seven years of age. He went into 
the confectionery business at Cincinnati in 1844-45, and Lawrence 
P. Barrett, the afterwards famous actor, was employed in his store 
for some time serving ice cream. He made his first appearance on 
any stage in 1847, at Wood's Theatre, Cincinnati, as Hamlet. 
A short time prior to this he had been on tour with Prof, de 
Bonneville, reciting "The Maniac." He afterwards played Ed- 
ward Middleton in "The Drunkard," at Wood's Theatre, Cincin- 
nati. In 1851 he visited England as correspondent of The Cincin- 
nati Daily Globe. He served in the army during the Civil War in 
1861, and received a severe wound in one of his legs, from which 
he suffered until his death. In November, 1865, he returned 
temporarily to the stage, sailed for California Oct. 5, 1868. In 
his monologue entertainments he impersonated young and old 
women, Dutch, French, Scotch, Irish, and Yankee characters. 

Zelda Harrison made her first appearance in New York at this 
hall Aug. 25, 1865, in concert, in company with Mme. Anna 
Bishop, Stephen Massett, and others. A bullfrog exhibition 
opened here Sept. 11 followed Oct. 9 by Blind Tom. Prof. 
Hartz, the magician, began a three months' season here in October. 
The Georgia minstrels were here in the summer of 1867. James 
Taylor, the English comic singer, appeared Aug. 26, 1868. 
Kelly and Leon gave a minstrel entertainment Aug. 29, 1870, 
and produced the burlesque, "Le Petit Faust," with Leon as 
Marguerite, Kelly as Faust, S. S. Purdy as Valentine, Sam Price 
as Lizette, and J. H. Surridge as Altmeyer. The comic opera, 
"Babies of the Period," was done Sept. 12. On Oct. 24 for the 
first time in America, the comic opera "La Rose de Saint Fleur" 
was sung. This company terminated its stay here Dec. 3. The 
building was afterwards occupied by the Herts Brothers, as a fur- 
niture warehouse, and in July, 1887, the structure was torn down. 

WOOD'S MINSTREL HALL 

THE old Jewish synagogue, situated at 514 Broadway, east 
side, below Spring Street, was turned into a place of amuse- 
ment July 7, 1862, and called "Wood's Minstrel Hall." The first 
occupant of the place was Henry Wood and his minstrel company 
consisting of Eph Horn, Frank Brower, Cool White, R. Abecco, 
Chas. Fox, H. Schwicardi, C. Harcourt, H. Hartley, David Bra- 
ham, Joseph Braham, W. Patterson, E. Stigler, J. Leis, G. Stew- 
art, Leopold St. John, Walter Manning, Pierre Ballou, S. Clark 
Mortimer, J. Carney, R. Bevington, M. Stanwood, Gustave du 
Barre, Master Samuel, and Master Eddy. 

For the season of 1863-64 the company was D. S. Wambold, 



18663 



WOOD'S THEATRE 



345 



Frank Brower, Charles Fox, A. J. Talbot, Cool White, Charles 
Henry, G. C. Lockwood, J. W. Glenn, H. Schwicardi, the Isaacs 
Brothers, E. Haslam, J. Leis, M. Lewis, Master Wood, and Eph 
Horn. Lew Brimmer, Johnny Boyce, and Siegrist and his per- 
forming dogs appeared during the season. 

A. H. ("Dolly") Davenport made his first (and only) appear- 
ance on the Ethiopian stage on July i. The announcement of 
Dan Bryant's appearance on the dramatic stage was an incentive 
for "Dolly," who had been bantered by a few intimate friends, and 
a wager of $^o had been made that he would not put on the burnt 
cork. 

The " Ghost illusion " was done Aug. lo. The hall was closed 
Feb. 18, 19, 20, in consequence of the death of Mrs. Henry Wood. 
The next season there appeared Cool White, stage manager, S. S. 
Purdy, Archie Hughes, F. L. Mollenhauer (violinist). Penny and 
Goldie, gymnasts, Edward Haslam, flutist, Frank Brower, Sam 
Sharpley, S. S. Sanford, Cal Wagner, Hughey Dougherty, A. C. 
Stone, Little Archie, Jules Stratton, Dick Escott, Frank Bowles, 
E. T. Blackmer, Thomas Sears, Elvin French, Wm. Chambers, 
Gil Pond, John Williams, J. Ambrose, and John Masterson. The 
establishment was closed from April 14 till April 26, 1865, on 
account of the assassination of President Lincoln. On its reopen- 
ing, a solemn dirge, words by Cool White, music by F. L. Mollen- 
hauer, was chanted by the company. 

The season closed Sept. 9 and reopened Sept. 1 1. Henry Wood 
continued as manager, and his company was composed of the fol- 
lowing : Cool White, J. Garatagua, E. Haslam, T. Simpson, Frank 
Brower, J. W. Glenn, W. D. Corrister, T. McNally, S. S. Purdy, 
H. T. Mudge, Charles Henry, H. Schwicardi, and J. Bergness, 
Frank Moran, and John Clarke. John Clarke was afterwards known 
as Sig. Broccolini, and sang in opera with great success. In 1893 
he became musical editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, and left the stage. 
Sig. Vallo, bird imitator, came here Oct. i ; Don Manuel Donato, 
one-legged dancer, C. Harris, and James H. Budworth, Oct. 8. 

The season closed Dec. 25, when Henry Wood retired from the 
management, having sold all his interest in the house to George 
Wood (then managing the Broadway Theatre, formerly Wallack's, 
Broadway and Broome). Mr. Wood had the house reconstructed 
and converted into a regular theatre with a seating capacity of 
about thirteen hundred. It was known as "Wood's Theatre" 
and as such was opened Jan. 15, 1866. The first performance 
given in Wood's Theatre was T. B. de Walden's local extrava- 
ganza, "The Balloon Wedding": 



Paul F. S. Chanfrau 

Reuben . . . . G. C. Davenport 
Windbag W. Scallan 



Tom Eugene Eberle 

Jenny .... Henrietta Osborne 
Widow Mrs. E. Wright 



346 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Dsee 



Henry, James, John Walsh, Newton, Sallie Tray, Anne Merry, 
Frances Ullman, Gilmore, and Gardner were also in the cast. 
Previous to this, the Hanlon Brothers — Thomas, George, Wil- 
liam, Edward, Alfred, and Frederick — appeared in gymnastic 
and acrobatic acts. Samuel Colville was acting manager and Ben 
A. Baker, stage manager. F. S. Chanfrau appeared Jan. 22 as 
Jerry Clip in "The Widow's Victim;" Jan. 29. "Mose" and "The 
Model of a Wife": C, T. Parsloe, Jr., Welsh Edwards, N. Mcln- 
tyre, and S. L. Goodwin; Feb. 5, "Mose," "The Debutante," and 
"The Irish Tutor." Mr. Chanfrau closed Feb. 10 in "A Glance 
at New York." 

Frank Drew began Feb. 12 as Rip Van Winkle and as Lady 
Isabel in a burlesque called "East Lynne, or the Great Western." 
Lucille Western and Barton Hill began Feb. 19 in Charles Gayler's 
"Atonement, or the Child Stealer;" the cast was: 



Madge the Cadger, Margaret 

Rookley .... Lucille Western 
Richard Craddock . . . Barton Hill 
Simon Niphem . M. W. Leffingwell 
Lord Lansdale . . Welsh Edwards 



Jemmy Tables . . . G. C. Davenport 
Maud Lansdale . Henrietta Osborne 
Molly O'Mayne . . Mrs. E. Wright 
Jenny Grant .... Alice Seidler 
Lester Young . . . . T. W. Keene 



Charles Barras began April 16 in his own play called "The 
Hypochondriac," cast thus: 



Vertigo Morbid . 
Dennis McCorkle 
Martha SniflFkins 



. . Charles Barras 
. G. C. Davenport 
. Mrs. J. G. Saville 



Charles J. G. Saville 

Alice Alice Seidler 



M. W. Leffingwell was seen the same evening as Romeo Jaffier 
Jenkins in "Too Much for Good Nature." Mr. Barras acted, April 
23, Aminadab Sleek in " The Serious Family. " Mrs. J. G. Saville 
was afterwards the wife of Charles Brooke, the lawyer. 

The Worrell Sisters — Sophie, Irene, and Jennie — were seen 
here April 30 in "The Elves." "The Invisible Prince" was pro- 
duced June 4; the Nicolo company of pantomimists, gymnasts, 
and dancers appeared the same night. " The Three Sisters " was 
an extravaganza in which the Worrell sisters sustained six charac- 
ters each, on June 18. Thos. L. Donnelly was in the cast. "Fra 
Diavolo"was presented July 2. Barton Hill acted "Lord Dun- 
dreary," a one-act sketch by Oxenford. On July 16, "The Elves " 
and "Too Much for Good Nature." "Cinderella," the one-act 
sketch, "Mrs. Smith," and a skating act by Alfred Moe formed 
the programme July 20. "The Fair One with the Golden 
Locks" and "The Maid with the Milking Pail" were given July 
27. Yankee Locke acted in " The Fool of the Family " Aug. 3. 
Ben A. Baker took a benefit Aug. 9, when Mary Provost and Claude 
Hamilton were seen in "The Young Widow's Stratagem;" "The 
Old Guard," Ira H. Moore as Haversack; the burlesque, "The 



1867: WOOD'S THEATRE COMIQUE 347 

Fair One with the Golden Locks ; " comic songs by Tony Pastor ; 
and Professor Walsh in instrumental solos made up the bill. The 
season closed Aug. 10. 

The Hanlon Brothers — Thomas, Frederick, and Edward — were 
the next managers of this theatre, and opened Aug. 13, 1866, with 
a miscellaneous entertainment. The company engaged, in addi- 
tion to themselves, were the Siegrist Family of gymnasts, the 
Caron Family of pantomimists and gymnasts, Signora Stella, and 
Master George, trapeze performer ; Mile. AnnettaGaletti, danseuse; 
G. W. Smith, ballet master; Charles E. Collins, Tom, Dick, and 
Harry, infant prodigies, and a corps de ballet. Kathleen O'Neil 
and the Cuban Brothers, Espinoza, and the Roderigues appeared 
Aug. 27. James M. Ward took a benefit Sept. i, when Major 
Pauline Cushman acted Cynthia in "The Flowers of the Forest," 
and Kate Newton played Starlight Bess. This closed the Hanlon 
Bros, management of this house. 

The next managers were J. Guido Methua and Edward Haert- 
ing, who changed the name of the place to the " German Thalia 
Theatre." The company included Herren Haerting, Lederer, 
Ponner, Fietz, Lapwitz, Pelosi, Lohmann, Ahlfeldt, Mme. Methua- 
Scheller, Mme. Ahlfeldt, Mme. Pelosi, Mme. Riedel, and the 
Misses Hedwig-Hesse, Hand, Royal, and Fillman. The opening 
play was "Der Best Ton," by Dr. Carl Toepper, and a prologue 
was spoken by Mr. Haerting. On Sept. 8, Mile. Sophie Dzuiba 
appeared in the operetta of "Der Kappelmeister von Venedig," 
by Schneider, and as Nancy in "Love in the Kitchen," and on 
Sept. 17, Julius Ascher made his debut as Adam in "Der 
Winkleschreiber," and Nitsckie in the "Gebildete Hausknecht." 

Methua withdrew from the theatre early in October, and on Oct. 
22 Oscar Guttmann became associated with Mr. Haerting in the 
management. On Oct. 30 Mina Koch made her first appearance, 
and on Nov. 9 Kronfeldt joined the company. Bogumil Dawison 
appeared here Dec. 3 and continued until Dec. 29, when a German 
opera season commenced, and continued until the last of January, 
1867, when the house closed. 

The next manager was W. O. Bowers, who reopened the house 
March 2 as a variety theatre, and called it "Wood's Theatre 
COMIQUE." His company consisted of James Wambold, George 
H. Coes, S. S. Purdy, and Billy Emmett, negro comedians; 
Bunnell Runnells and sons, gymnasts; Prof. Hutchison, with 
performing dogs; Charles Austin, Zouave drill performer; Tom 
Vance, comic vocalist; Robert Butler, pantomimist; and a corps de 
ballet. Napoleon Gilles was the musical director. On March 11 
Fanny Morgan Phelps, an Australian actress, made her first ap- 
pearance in New York, in "The Wild Irish Girl," and as Maggie 
McFarlane in "The Bonny Fishwife." She was supported by Sol 



348 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1869 

Smith, Belvil Ryan, C. J. Fyffe, Ogden, and Mary Wells. March 
14 she appeared in "The Ladies' Battle" and "Kitty O' Shell." 
On April 18 "Uncle Tom's Cabin" was produced, with W. L. 
Jamison as Uncle Tom, Violet Campbell (Mrs. Belvil Ryan) as 
Eliza, and Little Eliza Glassford as Eva. 

Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Bates made their New York debut April 25 
in Schonberg's play, "Oscar the Half-Breed." Stuart Robson, 
George Becks, Harry Wall, A. W. Fenno, C. J. Fyffe, Sol Smith, 
Jr., Pemberton, Campbell, Mrs. Mark Smith, Mrs. Harry Wall, 
Mrs._ Burroughs, Mrs. Monell, Mrs. King, Hattie Thorne, and 
Sallie Steele were in the company. Mrs. Bates acted Lady Isabel 
in "East Lynne " April 3. The theatre closed April 13. 

James W. Lingard was the next lessee of this house, who opened 
it as "Lingard's Theatre" on April 29, with a vaudeville com- 
pany: A. M. Hernandez, Harry Leslie, Billy Pastor, John Allen, 
W. K. Lingard, Monte Video, Parkhurst, Stewart, Dick Berthelon, 
Mile. Devere, Lina Windel, Fanny Forrest, Emma Fowler, Lizzie 
Whelpley, Augusta Walby, Julia Melville, and a ballet. 

Fanny Herring appeared here May 28 in "Lysiah, the Aban- 
doned." Mr. Lingard acted Aminadab Sleek in "The Serious 
Family" June 2, and the season terminated abruptly June 7. 

As the "Theatre Comique" this house was opened on Aug. 
26, 1867, by Charley White and Sam Sharpley. In the company 
were: Ben Cotton, Sam Sharpley, Charley White, Eva Brent, Mile. 
Augusta, Ella La Rue, Mile. Lodowski, Mile. Devere, the Caron 
Family, and Miss Reynolds. Later on there appeared the Buisley 
Family, D. L. Morris, Anna Gibbons, the Leon Brothers, Frank 
Lacy, and others. 

On Dec. 31 Ed. James, then the sporting editor of the New 
York Clipper, took a benefit. The season closed June 27, 1868, 
but shortly before Sharpley sold out his interest to Sandy Spencer. 
The house was reopened Aug. 17, by Charley White and Spencer, 
with W. Horace Lingard as manager, and David Braham, musical 
director. In the company were Alice Dunning, vocalist (her first 
appearance in America), Lizzie Wilmore, Lucy Edgerton, Ettie 
Romer, Prof. Hilton, ventriloquist; Joseph K. Emmet, Dutch and 
negro comedian, and E. B. Holmes. 

At half-past three o'clock on the morning of Dec. 4, 1868, the 
theatre was partially destroyed by fire. 
_ It was at once rebuilt and opened Feb. i, 1869, with "The Mar- 
ried Rake," Lingard's sketches and a version of Byron's burlesque 
of " Orpheus and Eurydice. " On Feb. 8 G. C. Boniface appeared 
in "Two Can Play at That Game," Lillie Hall (now Mrs. Milt. 
Barlow), also appearing on the same evening. In the company 
were Irene Gay (Mrs. Fred Maeder), Carrie Olden, Flora Kruger, 
A. Hind, Rose Sinclair, Harry St. Leon, C. E. Newton, J. K. 



1869] 



THEATRE COMIQUE 



349 



Kruger, J. M. Warwick, J. M. Kennett, F. Carlyle, C. W. Kemble, 
J. P. Kilbourne, J. Elmore, Masters Ford and Strepo, Lina Edwin, 
Emma Laton, Annie Wood, Loudell, Hall, Jones, and Hanley. 

James C. Williamson appeared May 3 in "The Silent Pro- 
tector." John Jack was seen May 17. 

Edward Righton made his American d^but May 31, as John 
Duck in "The Jacobite." Mary Wells acted in the same play. 
The season closed June 5. The theatre reopened June 14, with 
the Mercer-Simpson English company in "Turn Him Out," with 
Joseph Irving, Robert Pateman, J. L. de Bonay, Bella Pateman, 
and Eunice Irving in the cast; Joseph Emmet's Dutch specialties 
and H. J. Byron's burlesque of " Mazourka, or The Stick, the Pole, 
and the Tartar," here called "Tiddlewinki," were given the same 
night. The burlesque had this cast : 



Count Tiddlewinki . Lizzie Wilmore 
Countess Tiddlewinki . Joseph Irving 
Baron Bosh .... Miss Chapman 
Ivan Robert Pateman 



Blind Fiddler .... Mr. Wallace 
Mazourki .... Maria Longmore 
Mazourka .... Bessie F. Foote 
Yelva Bella Fatemaa 



Barton Hill and Celia Logan acted Sam and Alice in " Brother 
Sam" June 25. Robert McWade appeared June 26 in "Handy 
Andy" and a burlesque in Dutch on "Richard III." 

On July 12 Fred G. Maeder was acting and stage manager. 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry Watkins appeared July 12, in "Caught at 
Last," for the first time on any stage, with this cast: 

Frank Harry Watkins 

Theophilus . . . F. Chippendale 

Janson John de Bonay 

Eugenia . . . Florence La Fond 



Cleopatra Rose Watkins 

Lawrence Edwin Thorne 

Hardtak .... John Matthews 

Scriven Gus Mortimer 



This was the first appearance in New York of Florence La Fond. 
"It Takes Two to Quarrel," a farce by Mr. Watkins, was also 
acted. In it Florence Stanley played Kitty — her first appearance 
in New York. The season closed July 31. 

The next season began on Aug. 16, with Charley White and 
"Sandy" Spencer as managers. B. A. Baker, stage manager. 
" David Garrick " was played for the first time in America. The 
cast was : George C. Boniface as David Garrick, George Mitchell 
as Simon Ingot, Harry Hotto as Squire Chivy, Lillie Eldridge as 
Ada Ingot, Georgie Langley as Araminta Brown, M. B. Pike as 
Mr. Smith, Charles Webster as Mr. Brown, and Louisa Eldridge 
as Mrs. Smith. H. J. Allen, Emily Bell, Charles Jackson, Lane, 
and Hicks were also members of the company. Mile. Diana danced 
and Lizzie Wilmore played in the farce of "The Pretty Horse- 
breaker." Daniel E. Ralton and Tito Cellini, dancer, joined the 
company Aug. 30. " Blow for Blow " was acted Sept. 6, for the 
first time in New York : Geo. Boniface, John Drummond ; Harry 



35° 



A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1872 



Hotto, Charley Spraggs; Lillie Eldridge, Alice and Mildred; and 
Miss Wilmore, Kitty. The Queen Sisters were seen Sept. 13. 
"Jocrisse the Juggler" and "An Object of Interest" were acted. 
The season closed Sept. 18, when Charley White withdrew from 
the management. 

The theatre was reopened Sept. 27, under the management of 
Edward G. Gilmore and Robert W. Butler, as a variety house, 
with the following company : Miles. Venturoli and Augusta, pre- 
mikres danseuses ; Rita Percy, statuary artist ; Annie Hindle, male 
impersonator; Annie Cornforth, Maud Alaska, the Clinetop Sisters, 
Lizzie Whelpley, Hattie Engel, Lottie La Point, Sheridan and 
Mack, Dick Ralph, Bob Hart, J. Gaynor, Bob Smith, Lew Brim- 
mer, J. H. Carton, J. F. McDonald, M. B. Pike, D. L. Morris, 
and Master Jerry. 

J. H. Milburn appeared March 20. Harry Jackson was seen 
April 24 with his " Living Photographs. " Robert Butler with- 
drew April 30, and the new manager was Samuel Shapter. Josh 
Hart was the next manager, beginning Oct. 16, 1871, and con- 
tinuing until the close of the season of 1874-75. ^^ established 
it as a first-class variety theatre, and paid larger salaries than were 
ever before known in a variety house. Among those who appeared 
under his management were Harrigan and Hart, Johnny Wild, 
Charley White, Adah Richmond, Sam Rickey, Master Barney, 
Billy Carter, James Bradley, Kitty O'Neil, Jno. Gilbert, John 
Queen, Billy West, John Hart, Wm. Courtright, John Allen, 
Little Mac, Billy Barry, William Scanlan, Luke Schoolcraft, 
Geo. Coes, Hughey Dougherty, the Garnella Brothers, Harry 
Kernell, and many others. 

June 3, 1872, the spectacular drama "Chicago Before the Fire, 
During the Fire, and After the Fire " was produced, with this 
cast: 



Zeke Manford . . C. R. Thome, Jr. 
Jimmy Nickerson . . Lizzie Maddern 
Nick Nickerson . . . . J. Z. Little 

Skaley Harry Hotto 

Gus Farley .... Charles Norris 
Skyblue John Wild 



Skeleton Jim ... E. D. Gooding 

Bill James Bradley 

DoUie Minnie Maddern 

Bridget Nellie Sandford 

Hettie Emma Maddox 



This was the first appearance at this theatre of Charles R. 
Thome, Jr., Charles Norris, Lizzie Maddern, and Nellie 
Sandford. 

On Aug. 19, 1872, John F. Poole and Thomas L. Donnelly 
were announced as managers. Josh Hart, lessee, and the house 
opened for the fall season entirely refitted and decorated. 

On Dec. 2 Harrigan and Hart made their first appearance here, 
in "The Day We Went West" and "The Big and the Little of 



1876: THEATRE COMIQUE 35 1 

It." On Nov. 20, 1873, Mr. Hart gave a benefit for the poor of 
the Fourteenth Ward of this city. 

Marie Zoe commenced Jan. 19, 1874, in "The French Spy." 
In the olio were the Snow Brothers (acrobats), Kate O'Connor, 
Royal Jeddo Japs, John Williams, Harrigan and Hart, and James 
McKee. On Jan. 26, Nully Pieris first appeared at this theatre. 
Prof. R. Nelson and sons also were seen, and J. F. Poole's drama, 
"Rent Day, or Hard Times," was acted. Early in February Ella 
Wesner, Mackin and Wilson, and Liza Weber appeared. 

The season of 1874-75 opened Aug. 23, with the writer of 
these pages as manager of the house. The company was : Hughey 
Dougherty, John Allen, Little Mac, John Wild, Wm. Barry, Larry 
Tooley, James Bradley, Wm. Scanlan, W. Cronin, D. H. Kelley, 
J. F. Crossen, J. A. Graver, Geo. L. Stout, stage manager. " The 
Doyle Brothers " was the opening play. On Sept. 6 Jolly Nash, 
Harry Kernell, Ella Wesner, the Girards, the Garnellas, Wm. 
Harris and Carroll, Walters and Morton, Geo. Coes, and Luke 
Schoolcraft, the Majiltons, Jenny Engle, E. D. Davies, ventrilo- 
quist, and Master Barney appeared. " Night and Day " was also 
produced. 

The season closed on July 5, 1875, with Johnny Allen and Alice 
Harrison in "Schneider." Harrigan and Hart withdrew from the 
house at the close of the season. 

Many of the best variety performers in the business appeared 
here during this season, and the salaries paid to some were very 
large. The Boissets got ^300 per week. Little Mac, negro per- 
former, ^125, John Wild, minstrel, $12$, Delehanty and Cum- 
mings, song and dance, ^125, John Allen, $7$, Larry Tooley, 
$60, the Garnellas (two), acrobats, ^300, Walters and Morton, 
song and dance, ^125, Schoolcraft and Coes, minstrel performers, 
1^150, Billy Barry, negro comedian, $7^, Barney and Rickey, ^250, 
Alf. Burnett, gioo, D. L. Morris, Dutch comedian, $60, the 
Ainsleys, ^80, and Cool Burgess, negro performer, $i$o. The 
expenses of running a first-class variety theatre like this were 
never less than ^3,200 on the week, which included the rent of 
the house; and frequently the expenses exceeded that amount, 
while the receipts averaged for many months over $4, 500 weekly. 

On April 29, 1875, ^ matinee performance was given for the 
Dan Bryant benefit fund. In December Matt Morgan leased the 
house and opened with his living tableaux. A variety show was 
also given. On April 8, 1876, M. Campbell appeared with a sen- 
sational show of the Parisian " can-can " order, similar to one he 
managed at 585 Broadway, and which was stopped by the police. 
A dramatic season commenced May 29, with Milton Nobles as the 
star, in "The Phoenix." 

Harrigan and Hart were the next lessees, with Martin Hanley as 



352 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE C1863 

manager. They began Aug. 7, 1876, with Adah Richmond, Billy- 
Carter, Alice Bennett, Fanny Bert, Ada Boshell, Billy Barry, 
Billy Gray, Larry Tooley, Almonta Brothers, John Williams, 
Quilter and Goldrich, J. A. Graver, Sam Holdsworth, P. E. 
Merritt, Alfred Beverly, Lizzie Henrie, Hannah Berch (Mrs. 
Tooley), G. W. H. Griffin, May Stuart, Delancy Barclay, and 
Minnie Wells, as their company. 

On Oct. 23 N. C. Goodwin, Jr., appeared here as a mimic. The 
first appearance of Delehanty and Hengler and Louise Franklin 
(Louise Searle) took place Oct. 2. Ira Paine appeared Oct. 30. 
Harrigan's comic drama, "Darby and Lanty," was done Nov. 13, 
followed Nov. 20, by Harrigan's Irish drama, " Iscaine," introducing 
Welsh Edwards, J. Leslie Gossin, Chas. J. Fyffe, W. M. Ward, 
and Mrs. J. J. Prior. On Dec. 11 "St. Patrick's Day Parade" 
was seen; Dec. 18, "Ireland vs. Italy" and "Who Owns the 
Clothes Line ? " Charles T. White appeared in the sketch " The 
Happy Couple." The season closed May 26. 

The next season began Aug. 11, 1877. Will H. Morton was 
heard in comic songs. Mr. Morton was manager for Mr. McCauU 
at the Broad Street Theatre, Philadelphia, season 1885-86; also 
manager of the Columbia Theatre, Chicago, 111., season 1887-88; 
and manager of Herrmann's Theatre, this city, i8go. On July 17, 
1893, Mr. Morton was taken to Bloomingdale Asylum, suffering 
with paresis. His wife was Lily Post, the comic opera singer. 
He died in Pittsburg, Pa., November, 1895. 

" Old Lavender " was first produced Sept. 3. The cast : 

Dick Tony Hart 

John T. G. Egbert 

Smoke Billy Gray 

Sally Millie Sackett 



Old Lavender .... E. Harrigan 

Phillip F. Chippendale 

Pop G. W. H. Griffin 

Laura Annie Mack 

Mrs. Crawford . . Annie Yeamans 



Alf. Burnett and Helen Nash opened Oct. 8. The season closed 
April 27, 1878. 

"The Mulligan Guards" was produced Jan. 13, 1879. The 
"Mulligan Guard Ball" was first seen Feb. 9, 1879. The season 
closed May 24. The next season opened Aug. 11, 1879, "^^^^ 
"Mulligan Guard Chowder." Harrigan and Hart closed April 
30, 1 88 1, and the house was soon after torn down and a large 
store erected on its site. 



NIXON'S ALHAMBRA 

A PAVILION erected by James M. Nixon, in August, 1863, 
on the south side of Fourteenth Street, between Third and 
Fourth avenues, directly opposite the Academy of Music, was 
known as "Nixon's Alhambra." It was a temporary affair, with 



1864] THE HIPPOTHEATRON 353 

board sides and canvas top. The "house" was divided off into 
two parts, pit and dress circle, the charges of admission being 
twenty-five cents, and fifty cents. James Reynolds commenced 
Sept. 14 as clown. M. Verrecke, who had been one of the attrac- 
tions, left Sept. 12, and he appeared at the New Bowery Theatre 
Sept. 21. Young Nicolo appeared Sept. 23 in the Zampillaerosta- 
tion act. Mme. Macarte, the English equestrienne, made her 
American d^but Oct. 12. The place closed Oct. 17, the weather 
getting too cold to sit under canvas. 

THE HIPPOTHEATRON 

ON the same lot previously occupied by Nixon's Alhambra was 
built "The Hippotheatron." The building was heated by 
steam. It was opened Feb. 8, 1864, with the following equestrian 
company: Mme. Marie Macarte, the Sherwood Family, Nat Austin 
(clown), Dan Gardner (clown), Sam Lathrop (clown), Wm. Kin- 
cade, Chas. Conrad, Richard Hemmings, C. W. Parker, Horace 
Nichols (ring master), James Cooke clown and manager, Eliza 
Gardner, Mr. Denzer. Mme. Denue also appeared the first night. 
Eaton Stone appeared here Feb. 15. Henry Cooke and his per- 
forming dogs and monkeys came Feb. 22. This was announced 
as the first appearance of the company in America, which was in- 
correct, as they were travelling through the country with a circus 
and were here the previous summer. Eaton Stone was the first 
bareback rider in this country and was the first equestrian to in- 
troduce somersaulting backwards, through hoops and over poles 
and banners, from the back of his horse while it was under full 
speed. M. , Verrecke (first appearance in America), gymnast, 
Mary Carroll (afterwards Mrs. Ben Maginley), who died Aug.' 
18, 1874, and a company of Arabs were in the organization. 
The building was constructed of corrugated and ridged iron, and 
was fireproof. It was built after the model of the Champs 
Elysees, Paris. The main building was one hundred and ten feet 
in diameter, and the dome rose to the height of seventy-five feet, 
surmounted by a cupola. The iron roof was affixed to heavy- 
timber posts. The main supports of the dome were a series of 
columns surmounted by richly ornamented caps. These columns 
were also cased with corrugated iron. There were three distinct 
places for the auditors — the orchestra seats, dress circle, and the 
pit, with a wide promenade in the rear, around the entire circle 
of seats. The orchestra seats were composed of arm sofas for 
which seventy-five cents was charged. There were six hundred 
of these. In the rear was the dress circle, in which there was 
seating capacity for five hundred persons. The pit could accom- 
modate, comfortably seated, six hundred people. In addition to 
VOL. ir. — 23 



354 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE CiSBy 

this, there was standing room in the promenade and other parts of 
the house capable of accommodating six hundred men, making 
standing room for fourteen hundred persons, and, when crowded, 
two thousand could be packed away. The ring was the largest 
(with the exception of a travelling show) ever used in the United 
States, being forty-three feet six inches, which is one foot six 
inches larger than Astley's in London, and six inches bigger 
than the Cirque Napoleon at Paris. There were two ring en- 
trances exactly opposite one another ; this item alone was a great 
improvement, both for spectacular pieces and for battoute leaping. 
There were two entrances to the building, the chief one being a 
beautiful portico in the shape of an Italian arch twenty-three feet 
high and twenty-two feet in width ; within was an interior vesti- 
bule twelve feet in depth, with wreathed columns and four niches, 
in which statues were placed. Over this entrance was the band, 
which was the dividing line between the twenty-five and fifty 
centres. 

Spalding & Rogers' Circus Co., just returned from a two years' 
cruise in the seaports of Brazil, Buenos Ayres, Montevideo, and 
the West Indies, etc., took possession of this house April 25, 
1864. A new roof was built, and they continued for four weeks, 
closing May 21. On Oct. 3 James M. Nixon commenced as man- 
ager, but he closed June 10, 1865. Was reopened for the winter 
season Sept. 25, 1865. Lewis B. Lent was manager, and Nat 
Austin director of amusements. In the company were El Nino 
Eddie, the Delevanti Brothers, G. F. Batchelor, T. Carpenter, 
Master Ashton, H. Bernard, R. Rivers, Nat. Austin, Frank Whit- 
taker, W. H. Young, F. Ashton, Ed. Croueste (clown). Miles. 
Ellsler, Minnie Grey, Soyer, Flora, H. Soyer, Mr. Hankins, and 
Mr. Carpenter. Dick Piatt (who was the owner of the establish- 
ment) disposed of it to Mr. Lent in October, who changed the 
title of it to "Lent's New York Circus," Nov. 6. He con- 
tinued the season until May 27, 1866. It was reopened by Mr. 
Lent Sept. 24, 1866. It had been announced to open on Sept. 
1 1, but the epizootic prevailed to such an extent among the horses 
that he was compelled to defer it. During the summer recess 
many improvements were made in the building. The earth had 
been excavated, the ring and surrounding seats lowered, and a 
hanging gallery added, thereby materially increasing the seating 
capacity of the auditorium. Underneath the raised seats the dens 
of animals and museum curiosities were placed. The front en- 
trance was materially improved by alterations, and a large false 
front, entirely concealing the iron building from view, was erected 
and covered with large oil paintings, characteristic of the enter- 
tainments within, and the season terminated May 4, 1867. Dur- 
ing this period Carlotta De Berg, James Robinson, Ed. Croueste, 



1872: THE HIPPOTHEATRON 355 

Joe Pentland, Nat Austin, Richard Rivers, Robert Stickney, El 
Nino Eddie, James Melville and his family, Frank Conrad, the 
Levantine Brothers (one of the Levantine Brothers is now known 
as Frederick F. Proctor, manager of the many popular priced 
theatres, and formerly partner with H. R. Jacobs), the Runnells 
Family, James Madigan, and others appeared. Lewis B. Lent 
died in this city. May 26, 1887. 

This place was reopened as "The Hippotheatron, " April 17, 
1869, by Professor Risley, with a specialty company consisting 
of the Spanish ballet dancers, Azella Agouste, G. W. Jester, W. 
Hamilton, Lelia and Florence, Emma Alford, Clara Vernon, 
Sydney Franks, and Prof. Tanner. A benefit for the George 
Holland Fund took place Jan. 9, 1871. The receipts were 
$113.75. 

George Kelly, for a long time considered the champion leaper 
of America, made his first appearance in this city here Feb. 6. 
He has " cleared " fifteen horses from the spring board on many oc- 
casions. As soon as Mr. Kelly was announced to appear, a "job" 
was put up among a few forming a clique at this establishment 
that he should not have a fair show. On the evening of his debut, 
the leaping act had commenced, and one of the leapers made his 
"run," when the wildest kind of applause rent the air, and he was 
cheered again and again. Mr. Kelly had no sooner commenced 
his "run " than he was njet with hisses and other marks of derision. 
He was naturally nervous on a first night, and, in consequence, 
made several misses. The crowd continued to hiss him, and he 
retired, closing his engagement that night. 

Jule Kent, the clown, made his debut March 20. The season 
closed April 22. 

Mr. Lent continued as manager until the summer of 1872, when 
it was sold to P. T. Barnum, who opened it Nov. 18 of that year. 
It was destroyed by fire Tuesday, Dec. 24, 1872. Fire was first 
discovered at four o'clock in the morning. The walls of the build- 
ing, which were of thin corrugated iron, became quickly heated 
by the fierce flames at their base, and helped not only to spread 
flames, but engendered so great a heat that the firemen could 
not enter the building. The animals in their cages began to show 
signs of fear, and their excitement increased with the noise and 
heat of the fire. They dashed with terrific force against the 
sides of their cages, vainly endeavoring to regain their liberty. 
There were three elephants in the building, confined by chains 
fastened to the floor. As the fire grew hotter the bears, lions, and 
leopards were seen with their paws endeavoring to wrench the iron 
bars of their cages asunder, and, as the flames or heat prevented 
their keepers from rescuing them, they were abandoned to their 
fate. None of the keepers had the keys of any of the cages, other- 



356 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE Cisee 

wise some of the animals could have been saved. All the per- 
formers lost their wardrobes, and all the dresses which had been 
made for " Bluebeard " were likewise consumed. A number of val- 
uable trained dogs belonging to Charles White were also burned. 

THE NEW STADT THEATRE 

AT 43, 45, 47 Bowery, east side, directly opposite the Old 
Bowery Theatre, was the "New Stadt Theatre." It was 
erected in 1864 by a company of Germans, and opened Tuesday, 
Sept. 6, 1864. It was five stories high, used as a hotel, with a 
wide entrance to the theatre, which was in the rear of the hotel. 
The auditorium was the largest of any theatre in the country, hav- 
ing a parquet and three tiers, with a capacity for thirty-five hundred 
persons. Otto von Hoym was the acting manager, with Mme. 
Steglich, Fuchs, Mme. Otto von Hoym, Miss Petersen, Miss 
Hesse, Otto von Hoym, Knorr, and others in the company. The 
stars who appeared during the first season were Daniel E. Band- 
mann, Mme. Methua-Scheller, Chas. Pope, and others of note, 
including Mme. Ottilie Genee, Becker-Grahn, Mertzke, Walter- 
Goerner, and the operatic singers, Johanna Rosser, and Rosins 
Reiss, Edward Haerting, Alphonse Zerboni, all of whom made 
their first American successes under Hoym's management. Charles 
Pope played Othello in German, to Mme. Methua-Scheller's Des- 
demona, Dec. 23, 1864. For two weeks in July, 1865, a magician 
called the " Fakir of Vishnu " occupied the house. The season of 
1865-66 was Hoym's last complete one in this city. Bogumil 
Dawison made his American debut Sept. 20, 1866, supported by 
Otto von Hoym. He acted in "Othello," "Narcisse," "The 
Robbers," "The Merchant of Venice," "The King's Lieutenant," 
"Three Winters of a Poet," " Faust," " Richard III.," "The Miser," 
"The Unfortunate," "Hans Juerge," "The Viennoise in Paris," 
and "Two Days in the Life of a Prince." He closed his engage- 
ment Nov. 5. 

Otto von Hoym began a star engagement Nov. 6, in the r61e of 
Narcisse, and played for four weeks, and his last important pro- 
fessional act in this country was the production, for his benefit on 
Nov. 27, of the tragedy of "Maximilian," written by Dr. Krack 
of this city, and commanding an abnormal attention, on account 
of having for its basis the life of Emperor Maximilian, the hap- 
less temporary ruler of Mexico. He returned to his native land 
(Saxony) in 1868. While on his way to Auerbach, he died at 
Darmstadt, Oct. 29, 1870, of internal hemorrhage. In 1861 he was 
instrumental in raising the Forty-second Regiment of N. Y. Vol- 
unteers, and as captain of Company H he accompanied it to the 
seat of war, his partner, Herr Hamann, meanwhile conducting 



1868] THE NEW STADT THEATRE 357 

the theatre. At White Oak Swamp, Va., June 30, 1862, in the 
"Seven Days' Fight," he was wounded and taken prisoner. Hav- 
ing been exchanged he reappeared at the Old Stadt, and his recep- 
tion was one of the events of the season of 1862-63. 

Ottilie Genee was the next star at this house, followed Dec. 19 
by Eugenie Schmitz in "Therese Kroners." Bogumil Dawison 
acted the Duke of Alba, Jan. i, 1867. Among those who appeared 
here during this season were Herren Theo. L'Arronge, Julius 
Herrmann, Kaps, Dombrowsky, Colmer, Lange, Knorr, Stemmler, 
Klein, and Fortner, and Miss Magda Irschink, Miss Rhode, Mme. 
Becker-Grahn, Mme. Augusta Steglich, and Mile. Laura Haffner. 

Bogumil Dawison opened his second engagement Feb. 25, and 
appeared in "Don Carlos," "The Marquis de Maillefort," "Uriel 
Acosta," " Wallenstein's Death," " Dr. Robin " (" David Garrick "), 
and "The Rag Picker of Paris." He closed March 25. Theodore 
L'Arronge made his initial bow April 5, as Windmiller in "The 
Father of the Debutante, " and as Herbert Levy in " Paris in Pom- 
mem." D. E. Bandmann reappeared April 23. Dawison com- 
menced his third and farewell engagement May 7. He made his 
last appearance in America May 21, when the season closed. The 
theatre was reopened Aug. 3, 1867, for one week, by B. F. Dugan 
and Caroline Hayes. Geo. C. Davenport, James H. Budworth, 
Frank Evans, D. C. Ralton, John Jack, James M. Ward, Blanche 
Chapman, and others were in the company. " The Streets of New 
York" and "The Peep o' Day" were acted. Mme. Hedwig L'Ar- 
ronge-Sury made her American debut Sept. 6, 1867, in "Die 
Schone Galathee." Three German dwarfs — Jean Petit, Jean Pic- 
colo, and Kis Jozsi — appeared Oct. 5. Olga de Plittersdorf made 
her New York d6but Oct. 30 as Marie Stuart. 

Edward Eddy appeared here June 8, 1868, with the following 
company : J. B. Studley, James M. Ward, Sam Ryan, M. B. Pike, 
Haviland, E. L. Tilton, Henrietta Irving, Millie Sackett, and Mrs. 
Dan Myron. "The Phantom Captain" and "The Rose of Ettrick 
Vale" were given, followed by "Damon and Pythias," "The Irish 
Haymaker," "The Irish Schoolmaster," "The Men of Sicily," 
"Brian Boroihme," "Jack Sheppard," "Pizarro," "Monte Cristo," 
"The Mountain Outlaw," and "The Billboard Grabber, or the 
Marquis of Tweedyville." James W. Lingard acted Blueskin in 
"Jack Sheppard" June 27, for Sam Ryan's benefit. 

The following season Hamann & Rosenberg were the managers, 
who opened Aug. 31 with Mosenthal's play, "Der Schultze von 
Altenbueren." Singer, Irschink, Schermann, Haffner, Schmitz, 
Mme. Becker-Grahn, and Herren Jendersky, stage manager, Dom- 
browsky, Herrmann, Knorr, and Kohnar were of the company. 
Hermann Hendrick made his American debut Sept. i in the title 
rdle of " Duke Albrecht. " This was followed by " William Tell " 



358 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE [1871 

and "Julius Caesar," in which he played Marc Antony. Mile. 
Augusta de Baerndorff made her American d^but Nov. 6. She 
acted until Dec. 14, but reappeared in February, 1869. 

Frederick Haase first appeared before an American audience 
March 4, 1869, as Lord Harleigh, in "Sie ist Wahnsinnig," and 
as Rath Fein in "Ein Hoefecher Mann." Haase and Mile. Baern- 
dorff appeared in " Nacht und Morgen " May 6. The season closed 
May 15. Risley's Japanese troupe had a short summer season; 
Carl Bergman gave two performances June 4, 5, of German opera, 
with Frederici-Himmer, Johannsen, Herren Himmer, Weinlich, 
Steinecke, and others in "Faust" and "Der Freischiitz." A sea- 
son of German opera was opened Sept. 17. "Der Zauberflote," 
"La Juive," "Faust," "Fidelio," "Don Juan," "Masaniello," 
"Fra Diavolo," and "Der Freischiitz" were sung by Johanna 
Rotter-Dieffenbach, Mme. Frederici-Himmer, Mile. Bertha Jo- 
hannsen, Mile. Sand, Herren Himmer, Wilhelm Formes, Joseph 
Weinlich, Steinecke, Joseph Herrmann, Armand, and Groeschel. 
The manager was H. Grau. This company closed Oct. 10. The 
Franko Family gave Sunday evening concerts. Opera bouffe was 
inaugurated about the middle of October, and continued until 
March, 1870. For Joseph Weinlich's benefit April 8 was sung 
"La Juive," with Beethoven's Maennachor chorus, in addition to 
the regular chorus. 

A season of German opera opened Oct. 5 with "The Merry 
Wives of Windsor." Marie Seebach appeared here in October. 
On Jan. 9, 1871, she was seen as Mary Stuart. This lady's en- 
gagement continued until March 11, when the season closed. The 
productions were: "Love and Intrigue," Jan. 12; "Faust," Jan. 
13-28; "Deborah," Jan. 14; "Romeo and Juliet," Jan. 16 and 
Feb. i; "Lorle," Jan. 17; "Robbers," Jan, 18; "Taming of the 
Shrew," Jan. 19; "Adrienne Lecouvreur," Jan. 20; "Griselda," 
Jan, 21-27; "Egmont," Jan. 23; "Marianne," Jan. 24; "Ma- 
thilde," Jan. 25; "Taueschung auf Taueschung," Jan. 26; "Joan 
of Arc," Jan. 30; "Einen Jux Will Er Sich Machen," Feb, 2; 
"Dorf Und Stadt," Feb. 3; "Emilia Gallotti," Feb. 7; "Ann 
Eliza," Feb. 8; "Katchen von Heilbroun," Feb. 11; "Uriel 
Acosta," Feb. 14; "Hamlet," Feb. 15, for Seebach's benefit, 
Seebach as Hamlet; "Jane Eyre," Feb. 18; "Die Grille" ("Fan- 
chon"), Feb. 20, 21 ; "Tears and Laughter" and "After the Battle 
of Sedan," Feb. 25, for Mme. Seebach's benefit; March 6, 7, 
"Isabella Orsini." 

The season closed March 10, with the farewell appearance here 
of this actress. This lady's work was more finished in detail, and 
complete in conception than that of any foreign actress who has 
visited America since Rachel. 

A season of German opera began March 1 1 with " The Merry 



1875: THE NEW STADT THEATRE 359 

Wives of Windsor." "Lohengrin" was sung March 12 for the 
first time in America. 

Carl Rosa and A. NeuendorfE reopened this house Sept. 18 with 
German opera and the American debut of Europe's greatest tenor, 
Theo. Wachtel, in "The Postillion of Lonjumeau." The prices of 
admission were, according to location: $4, $s, $2, $1.50, ^i, 75 cts., 
and 50 cts. The night of his debut the house was crowded as it 
never was before, by an audience that nearly burst out the walls 
of the theatre. Wachtel was idolized by his countrymen as the 
possessor of a phenomenal voice, an organ of the rarest beauty, 
strength, and compass ; as a singer whose method charmed the ear 
and heart, and as an actor whose ability would have secured to him 
honors on the dramatic stage. He died in Berlin in November, 
1893, sixty-nine years of age. He was the first German singer to 
sing in Paris; this was in 1869. He came to America in 1871, 
also in 1875. 

Oct. 14-16, "Lucia" was sung; Oct. 18, "Der Freischiitz;" Oct. 
20, "Martha;" matin6e, Oct. 28, "The Postillion De Lonjumeau;" 
matinees, Nov. 3-14, "II Trovatore. " Wachtel closed Nov. 15 
with "The Postillion." Marschner's "The Templar and the 
Jewess" was produced Jan. 29, 1872, with Mme. Fabbri-Mulder 
as Rebecca, Mr. Bernhard as Ivanhoe, Karl Formes as Friar Tuck, 
Habelman as Wamba. Miss Rosetti and Mr. Mueller, baritone, 
were also in the cast. W. H. Martin bought this house Aug. 21, 
1872, for ^122,000. "The Secrets of New York, or the Jesuits 
of America," a new German play, was advertised to be performed 
(Sunday evening) Jan. 19, 1873, but the performance was stopped 
by the police. 

Mile. lima di Murska commenced a series of German operatic 
performances May 7, 1874, as Isabella in "Robert the Devil." 
Lina Meyr appeared Feb. 6, 1875, in the opera "Der Freischiitz." 

P. S. Gilmore, with his Twenty-second Regiment Band, ap- 
peared at a concert Sunday evening, Feb. 7, assisted by Lina 
Meyr, prima donna; M. Arbuckle, cornetist; E. A. Lefebre, 
saxophone soloist, and others. 

The Grau and Chizzola French Opera Bouff6 company appeared 
Oct. 15, 187s, in "La Fille de Madame Angot." Mme. Geoffrey 
was seen Oct. 22, it being her first and only appearance in " Girofle 
Girofla. " The United North German Military Band first appeared 
Nov. 14 and repeated the concert Nov. 21. 

This theatre was opened Nov. 22, 1875, by B. F. Dugan. Wil- 
liam H. Whalley, J. B. Studley, Rachel Denvil, Geo. C. Daven- 
port, and Belle Wallace were in the company. The opening bill 
was "The Robbers" and "Black Eyed Susan." German perform- 
ances were shortly afterwards resumed and continued for some 
time. 



360 A HISTORY OF THE NEW YORK STAGE D880 

The Pappenheim German Opera company, under the conductor- 
ship of Carl Bergman, appeared in "Faust," with Eugene Pappen- 
heim as Margaretha. For one night only — Feb. 22, 1878 — the 
Pappenheim-Adams Opera company appeared in "Lohengrin." 

Robert W. Butler leased the house July 4, 1878, and opened it 
with a specialty performance, but onl