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er anr 
Maps, 1' 
lel^um a 
bourg. "VV 
The Domir 
to Alaska. 
Mit 18 Kai 
Egypt and 
Seventh ec 
England, H' 
Prance : 
Paris and ^ 
14 Maps a 
Northern Fi 
Fifth editi 
Southern F 
Riviera, a 
Sixth editi 
Algeria and 
Germany : 
Berlin and 
1923 . . 
Northern tr 
With 54 1 
Southern G 
60 Plans. 


iry, including Dalmatia, Bosnia, Buch 





Rhine including the Seven moraiTains, xnc aioBene, ine r 
JifeL the Taunus, the Odenwald and Heidelberg, the Voflges 
the Black Forest, etc. With 69 Maps and 59 Plans 


England , Wales , and Scotland 
Panorama. Seventh edition. 191 

Ijl mdon and i^e jiiiivirons. With 45 Maps and Plans. Eighteenth edi 

kion. 1923 

C Ireece, the Greek Islands^ and an Excnrsion to Crete. With 16 Maps, 

30 Plans, and a Panorama of Athena. Fourth edition. 1909 

Holland, see Belgium and Holland. 

India, in German only: 

Indien, Ceylon, Yorderindien, Birma, die malayische Halhinsel, Siam, 

Java. Mit 22 Karten, 33 Planen nnd 8 Gmndrissen. 1914 

Ct&ly: /. Northern Italy, including Leghorn, Florence, Ravenna, and 

Routes through France, Switzerland, and Austria. With 36 Maps, 

45 Plans, and a Panorama. Fourteenth edition. 1913 

//. Central Italy and Rome. With 19 Maps, 55 Plans and Views, and the 

Arms of the Popes since 1417. Fifteenth edition. 1909 

77/. Southern Italy and Sicily, with Excursions to Malta, Sardinia, 
Tunis, and Corfu. With 30 Maps and 34 Plans. Sixteenth edition. 


Italy from the Alps to Naples. With 25 Maps and 52 Plans 

and Sketches. Second edition. 1909 

The Mediterranean. Seaports and Sea Routes, including Madeira, 

the Canary Islands, the Coast of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. 

With 38 Maps and 49 Plans. 1911 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, with Excursions to Iceland and 
( Spitzbergen. With 62 Maps, 42 Plans, and 3 Panoramas. Tenth 

edition. 1912 

Palestine and Syria, including the principal routes through Meso- 
potamia and Babylonia. With 21 Maps, 56 Plans, and a Panorama 

of Jerusalem. Fifth edition. 1912 

Portugal, see Spain and Portugal. 

•iiviora, see Southern France. 

Russia, with Teheran, Port Arthur, and Peking. With 40 Maps 

and 78 Plans. 1914 

Manual of the Russian Language^ with Vocabulary and List of 

Phrases. 1914 

Scotland, see Great Britain. 

}pain and Portugal, with Excursions to Tangier and the Balearic 

Islands. With 20 Maps and 59 Plans. Fourth edition. 1913 

i^^itzerland together with Chamonix and the Italian Lakes. With 

80 Maps, 21 Plans, and 14 Panoramas. Twenty -sixth edition. 


?yrol, see The Eastern Alps. 

?lie United States, with Excursions to Mexico^ Cubay Porto Rico, 

and Alaska. With 33 Maps and 48 Plans. Fourth edition. 1909 . . . 





(COTTip. p. . 


Approximate Equivalents. 


' 1 

^ ,. ^ „ German \ Austrian 
English Money. Money. 1 Money. 

1 and Italian 

1 Money. 






Jt 1 Pf. 



Fr. 1 Cts. 












































































25 1 










I2V2 1 








50 [ 










75 ij 












25 , 








50 1 








75 1 








_ ' 








25 i 











































With 73 Maps, 16 Plans, and 11, Panoramas 




All rights reterved. 

"Go, little book, God send thee good passage, 
And specially let this be thy prayere 
Unto them all that thee will read or hear, 
Where thou art wrong, after their help to call, 
Thee to correct in any part or all." 

Printed aiu: 



1 lie object of the Handbook to the Eastern Alps is to 
describe all that is best worth seeing, to assist the traveller 
in planning his tour and disposing of his time to the best ad- 
vantage, to render him as independent as possible of the 
services of interested parties, and thus to enable him the 
more thoroughly to enjoy the magnificent scenery of one of 
the most attractive regions in Europe. 

The Handbook has been compiled almost entirely from 
the personal observation of the Editor, who has repeatedly 
visited the Eastern Alps within the last few years for the 
purpose of obtaining the most recent and trustworthy in- 
formation. As, however, many of the data in the Handbook 
relate to matters which are constantly undergoing alteration, 
the Editor will highly appreciate any corrections or sugges- 
tions with which travellers may favour him. Those already 
received, which in many instances have proved most useful, 
he gratefully acknowledges. 

The present edition of the Handbook corresponds with the 
thirty-fourth German edition. Its contents are divided into 
Five Sections l. Southern Bavaria; II. Salzburg, Salzkam- 
mergut, and Hohe Tauern; III. Northern Tyrol ; IV. Southern 
Tyrol; V. Alps of Upper and Lower Austria, Styria, Carin- 
thia, and Carniola , each of which may be separately removed 
from the book by the mountaineer or pedestrian who desires 
to minimise the bulk of his luggage. To each section is pre- 
fixed a list of the routes it contains, so that each forms an ap- 
proximately complete volume apart from the general table 
of contents. 

The Maps and Plans, on which the utmost care has been 
bestowed, will, it is hoped, render the traveller hardly less 
material service than the letter -press. Eighteen new maps 
and plans, besides three new panoramas, have been added in 
the present edition. 

The Time Tables contained in 'HendscheVs Telegraph' , 
published at Frankfort on the Main, and issued monthly in 
summer, and in the ' Reichs-Kurshucli , published at Berlin, 
and issued eight times a year, will be found satisfactory. The 
best Austrian publication of the kind is the ' Osterreichische 
Kurshuch', which appeargaJ^^Vienna monthly. 


DistAi<i6!6^ ^^'^ttiilvvay and highroad are given approxi- 
mately in English miles; while those on bridle-paths and 
mountain-routes are expressed by the time in which they are 
usually walked. The number of miles at the beginning of a 
paragraph denotes the distance from the starting-point, while 
the distances from place to place are generally stated within 
brackets; but on railway-routes the mileage is always reckoned 
from the starting-point. — Heights are stated in the text in 
English feet; on the maps they are shown in metres (1 Engl. ft. 
= 0.3048 metre; 1 metre = 3.281 Engl. ft. or about 3 ft. 
373 in.). — The Populations are those ascertained by the 
latest census. 

Hotels. The Editor has endeavoured to enumerate, not 
only the first-class hotels , but others of a less pretending 
kind, which may be safely selected by the 'voyageur en gar- 
den', with little sacrifice of comfort and great saving of 
expenditure. The asterisks indicate those hotels which the 
Editor has reason to believe to be provided with the comforts 
and conveniences expected in an up-to-date establishment, 
and also to be well managed and with a reasonable scale of 
charges. Houses of a more modest character, when good of 
their class, are described as 'good' or 'very fair'. At the same 
time he does not doubt that equally comfortable accommo- 
dation may sometimes be obtained at hotels which he has 
not starred or even mentioned. Hotel-charges, as well as car- 
riage-fares and fees to guides, are stated in the Handbook, 
either in accordance with the personal experience of the 
Editor, or from information furnished by numerous travellers. 
They are of course liable to frequent variation, and generally 
have an upward tendency ; but those mentioned in the follow- 
ing pages will at least aflford the traveller an idea of his 
probable expenditure. 

To hotel-keepers, tradesmen, and others, the Editor begs 
to intimate that a character for fair dealing towards tra- 
vellers is the sole passport to his commendation, and that 
advertisements of every kind are strictly excluded from his 
Handbooks. Hotel-keepers are also warned against persons 
representing themselves as agents for Baedeker's Handbooks. 



I. Language. Money xi 

II. Passports and Custom Houses xi 

III. Plan of Tour. Season of the Year. Companions. 

Scenery. Health Resorts xiv 

IV. Walking Tours. Guides xix 

V. Motoring and Cycling Notes xxii 

VI, Conveyances xxiv 

VII. Maps XXV 

VIII. Hotels XXV 

IX. Post and Telegraph Offices xxvii 

X. Vocabulary of Alpine Terms xxvii 

Route !• Southern Bavaria. 

1. Munich 4 

2. Starnberger-See. Hohe Peissenberg. Ammersee .... Ifi 

3. From Munich to Lindau 19 

4. From Immenstadt to Oberstdorf. The Allgiiu Alps ... 24 

5. From Immenstadt to Reutte via Tannheim ..... 32 

6. From Kempten to Reutte via Pfronten 35 

7. From Biessenhofen to Reutte via Fussen. Hohenschwangau 38 

8. From Reutte to Imst or Telfs via the Fern Pass .... 42 

9. From Munich to Garmisch-Partenkirchen 46 

10. From Munich to Fussen via Ober-Ammergau and Linderhof 56 

11. From Partenkirchen via Mittenwald to Zirl (Innsbruck) 59 

12. From Munich to Mittenwald via Kochel. Walchensee . . 64 

13. From Munich to Bad Tolz and Mittenwald 68 

14. From Munich to Tegernsee, and to.Tenbach, vi& the Achen- 

see 73 

15. From Munich to Kufstein via Schliersee and Bayrisch-Zell 80 

16. From Munich to Kufstein via Rosenheim 85 

17. From Munich to Salzburg. Chiemsee 88 

18. From Uebersee to Reit im Winkel and via Ruhpolding to 

Traunstein 92 

19. From Munich to Reichenhall 95 

20. Berchtesgaden and Environs 99 

n. Salzburg and the Salzkammergut. The Hohe Tauem. 

21. Salzburg and Environs 115 

22. From Salzburg to Hallein and Gelling 125 

23. From Linz to Salzburg 128 

24. The Attersee and Mondsee 130 

25. From Salzburg to Ischl. Aber-See. Schafberg .... 133 


Route Page 

26. From Attnang to Gmunden and Ischl 137 

27. From Ischl to Aussee 144 

28. From Ischl toHallstatt. To Abtenau and GoUing viaGosau 148 

29. From Salzburg via Zell am See to Saalfelden (Worgl •, Inns- 

bruck) 153 

30. From Saalfelden to Reichenhall via Lofer 162 

31. The Tauern Railway from Schwarzach-St. Vcit via Gasteiii 

to Spittal in Carinthia 165 

32. The Rauris 175 

33. The Fuscher-Tal. From Ferleiten to Heiligenblut . . 178 

34. The Kaprun VaUey 182 

35. From Zell am See to Krimml. Upper Pinzgau ... . 185 

36. From Krimml via the Krimmler Tauern or via the Birn- 

lucke to Kaseni (Taufers) 190 

37. From Lienz to Windisch-Matrei and Pragraten. Isel-Tal. 193 

38. From Windisch-Matrei to Kals and Heiligenblut .... 200 

39. From Dblsach to Heiligenblut 204 

m. Northern Tyrol. 

40. Kufstein and Environs 214 

41. From Kufstein to Innsbruck 218 

42. From Worgl to Lofer via Ellmau and Waidring ... 225 

43. From Worgl to Zell am See via Kitzbiihel 228 

44. The Zillertal 234 

45. Innsbruck and Environs 248 

46. From Bregenz to Landeck. The Arlberg Railway .... 260 

47. From Bregenz to the Schrocken. The Bregenzer Wald. . 274 

48. From Reutte to the Arlberg through the Lechtal .... 278 

49. The Montafon and Patznaun Valleys 283 

50. From Innsbruck to Franzensfeste (Botzen) by the Brenner. 294 

51. The Stubai-Tal 303 

52. The Ridnaun-Tal 309 

53. From Innsbruck to Landeck 313 

54. The Sellrain-Tal 318 

55. The Oetztal 321 

56. The Pitztal 334 

57. From Landeck to Mais and Spondinig (Trafoi, Meran) . . 337 

58. The Passeier-Tal 345 

IV. Southern Tyrol. 

59. From Franzensfeste to Botzen 353 

60. Botzen and Environs 358 

61. From Botzen to Meran 367 

62. From Meran to Bormio via the Stelvio Pass 377 

63. The Martell-Tal 384 

64. The Sulden-Tal 386 


Route Page 

65. From Bormio to Colico through the Yal Tellina .... 394 

66. From Botzen to Verona 398 

67. From San Michele to Tresenda in the Val Tellina. Val di 

Non. Val di Sole. Tonale Pass. Passo d' Apnea . . 403 

68. From Edolo to Brescia. Val Camonica. Lago d'Iseo . . 407 

69. From San Michele or from the Mendel to Madonna di 

Campiglio 411 

70. From Trent to Pinzolo (Campiglio). Giudicaria .... 416 

71. From Mori to Riva. Lago di Garda 424 

72. The Groden Valley 431 

73. Schlem. Tierser-Tal. Eggen-Tal 437 

74. The Fiemme and Fassa Valleys 448 

75. From Predazzo to Tezze or to Feltre via Prihiiero . . . 455 

76. From Trent to Bassano through the Val Sugana .... 460 

77. From Franzensfeste to Lienz. Pustertal 466 

78. From Bruneck to Taufers. Reintal. Ahrntal 476 

79. The Defereggeu-Tal 485 

80. The Enneherg Valley or Gader-Tal 487 

81. The Pragser-Tal 491 

82. The Sexten-Tal 492 

83. From Toblach to Cortina. Val Ampezzo 494 

84. From Cortina to Pieve di Cadore and Belluno (Venice). 

Comelico and Auronzo Valleys 505 

85. From Cortina to Buchensteiii by the Dolomiten-Strasse. 

From Andraz to Belluno via Agordo 511 

V. AlpBOf "Upper and Lower Austria. Styria. Carinthia. Carniola. 

86. From Vienna to Gratz 520 

87. HoUental. Schiieeberg. Ptaxalpe 529 

88. From Miirzzuschlag to Mariazell 534 

89. From Vienna to Linz 538 

90. From St. Polten to MariazeU 543 

91. From Mariazell to Brack an der Mur 546 

92. From Mariazell via Wildalpen to Gross-Reifling or Hieflau 548 
98. From Amstetten to St. Michael via Selztal 551 

94. From Linz to Klein-Reifling via St. Valentin and Steyr . 559 

95. From Linz to Selztal via Windisch-Garsten. Stoder . . . 560 

96. From Selztal to Aussee and Bischofshofen 564 

97. From Radstadt to Mauterndorf in the Lungau over the 

Radstadter Tauern and to Unzmarkt via Murau . . . 572 

98. Gratz and Environs 576 

99. From Gratz to Trieste 581 

100. The Steiner Alps 589 

101. From Marburg to Lienz 593 

102. Villach and its Environs. Gailtal 603 

103. From Spittal to Gmiind. Malta-Tal 608 

Baedbkbb''3 Eastern Alps. 12tli Edit. b 


Route Page 

104. The Molltal from Mollbnicke to Winkleni 6l2 

105. From Brnck an der Mur to Villach 614 

106. From Laibach to ViUach 6'21 

107. From Yillach or Klagenfnrt to Trieste. Karawanken and 

Wochein Railways 625 

108. From Villach to Udine. Pontebba Railway 631 

109. From Trieste to Villach via the Predil 637 

Index 641 


1. The Eastern Alps, from the Spliigen to Vienna (1 : 350,000): before 

the title-page. 

2. The Environs of Munich (1 : 150,000): p. 14. 

3. The Starnberger-See and the Ammersee (1 : 250,000): p. 16. 
i. The Environs of Oberstdorf (1 : 125,000) : p. 24. 

5. The Northern Allgau and Tannheim Alps (1 : 125,000): p. 32. 

6. The Environs of Hohenschwangad (1 : 60,000): p. 40. 

7. 8. The Bavarian, Lechtal, and Inntal Alps from Fussen to Innp- 

BRDCK (1 : 250,000) : pp. 42, 46. 
9. The Environs of Partenkirchkn (1 ; 100,000) : p. 48. 

10. Ihe Bavarian Alps from the Loisach-Tal to the Inntal (1 : 250,000): 

p. 68. 

11. The Environs of Tegernsee and Schlieesee (1 : 125,000): p. 74. 

12. The Environs of the Achensee, the Vallet of the Inn from Inns- 

bruck to Kufstkin, and the Lower Zillertal (1 : 250,000): p. 78. 
18. The Chiemseb and its Environs, between Rosenheim, Kufstein, 
Teacnstein, and Lofer (1 : 250,000) : p. 88. 

14. The Nearer Environs of Reichenhall (1 : 60,000) : p. 96. 

15. The Nearer Environs of Berchtesgaden (1 : 30,000): p. 100. 

16. The Farther Environs of Berchtesgaden (1 : 100,000): p. 104. 

17. The Environs of Salzburg (1 : 250,000): p. 124. 

18. 19. The Northern and Southern Salzkammergut (1:250,000): pp.136, 


20. The Environs of Bad Ischl (1 : 60,000) : p. 142. 

21. The KoNiGssEE and its Environs, Salzach-Tal, and Saalach-Tal 

(1 : 250.000) : p. 154. 

22. The Gastein, Bauris, and Mallnitz Valleys (1 : 250,000) : p. 164. 

23. The Environs of Gastein (1 : 25,000): p. 167. 

24. The Central Pinzgau and the Central Tadern (1 : 260,000): p. 178. 

25. The Upper Pinzgad and the Western Tacern (1 : 200,000) : p. 186. 

26. The Gross-Venediger District (1 : 125,000) : p. 196. 

27. The Geoss-Glockner District (1 : 125,000): p. 206. 

28. The Environs of Kufstein (1 : 150,000): p. 215. 

29. The Environs of WOrgl and KitzbOhel (1 : 250,000): p. 228. 

30. The Zillertal Alps (survey map; 1 : 250,000): p. 234. 

31. 32. The Eastern and the Westkrn Zillertal (i : 126,000): pp. 238, 242. 

33. The Environs of Innsbruck (1 : 75,000) : p. 256. 

34. The Environs of Bregbnz (1 : 125.000) : p. 260. 

35. The Vorarlberg (1 : 500,000) : p. 262. 

36. The Bregenzer Wald and the Allgau Alps (1:250,000): p. 274. 

37. The Montafon and Pratigau (1:250,000): p. 284. 

38. The Stanzer-Tal and the Patznaun-Tal (1:250,000): p. 290. 

89. The Stdbai-Tal, Sellrain-Tal, Lower Oetztal, and Pitztal (1 : 250,000): 
p. 294. 

40. The Environs of Sterzing and Brixen (1 : 250,000): p. 300. 

41. The Stcbai Alps rl: 80.000): p. 304. 

PLANS. xi 

42. The LvNEK Oetztal (1 : 180,000): p. 324. 

43. The Uppek Vixschgac (i : 200,000) : p. 342. 

44. The EsviBoss of Bkixkn (1 : 125,000): p. 353. 

45 The District to the East of Botzex (1:250,000): p. 354. 

46. The Neakee Esvibons of Botzen (1: 125,000): p. 358. 

47. The District to the West of Botzen ( 1 : 250,000) : p. 366. 

48. The Environs of Meran (1:50,000): p. 368. 

49. The Ortler District (1 : 125,000): p. 386. 

50. The Sarca Valley, the Val di Non, the Val di Sole, and the Valley 

of the Adige. from Botzen to Rovereto (.1:500,000): p. 396. 

51. The Adamello, Presanella. and Bkenta Alps (1:250,000): p. 406. 

52. The Environs of Arco and Riva (1 : 75,000): p. 426. 

53. The Lago di Garda (1 : 250,000): p. 428. 

54. The Groden and VillnOs Valleys (1 : 125,000): p. 432. 

55. The Environs of the Schleen and Rosengarten (1 : 125,000): p. 437. 

56. The Dolomite Alps from Botzen to Bellcno (1:500,000)- p. 446. 

57. The FiEMME, Primiero, and Cordevole Valleys (1:250,000): p. 44S. 

58. The Upper Fasba Valley and the Environs of the Langkofel, 

Sella, and Marmolata (l:250,000i: p. 450. 

59. The Environs of Primiero il : 125,000): p. 456. 

60. The Central Pdstertal (1:250,000): p. 468. 

61. The Ampezzo Valley (1 : 180,000) : p. 494. 

62. 63. The Styrian a-nd Austrian Alps from Wienek-Nedstadt to Aussee 

(1 : 500,000) : pp. 520, 548. 

64. The Environs of the Semmering (1 : 125,000): p. 630. 

65. The LcNGAU with the Lower Tauern (1 : 125,000): p. 572. 

66. The Environs of Gratz (1 : 100,000i: p. 580. 

67. The Kdstenland (1:500,000): p. 586. 

68. The Grottoes of Adelsbkrg and St. Canzian (1 : 15,000): p. 588. 

69. The Karawanken and Steiner Alps (1:500,000): p. 590. 

70. The Carinthian Alps, from Lienz to the WOrther-See (1 : 500,000) 

p. 598. 

71. The Styrian ano Carinthian Alps, from Murau to Gratz (1 : 500,000) : 

p. 614. 

72. 73. Key Maps of the Eastern Alps, after the Index. 

Pano^aauis. 1. Gaisberg, near Salzburg, p. 122. —'2. Schafberg, near 
Isciil-^p. 4^33) — 3. ScHMiTTENHfiiiE, p.( 159,^ — 4. Kals-Mateeier. TORL. 
p. (201.. —^. H'-^E Salve, p 228) t-^^.-J^itzbuhler Horn, p.-QjSl. — 

7.Jb^NDEK. p.»26R — 8. BEQHEftr^.flll; — 9. HlNTERE^CHONTADFStlTZE, 

p.^390>.^ 10. SCh£ern, p.;439.\— 11. IKnte Pian, p.(49J^ 

Plans of Towns. Botzen (p. 358). Bregenz (p. 260), Brixen fp. 353), 
Cortina (p. 502), Gmunden fp. 137), Gratz fp 576). Innsbruck fp. 248), Ischl 
fp. 141), Klagenfiirt (p. 597), Meran (p. 368), Munich (p. 4), Munich (inner 
town: p. 8), Reichenhall (p. 96), Salzburg (p. 116), Trent (p. 399), Villach 
(p. 603). 


R. = Room (incl. light and atten- 
dance); also Route. 
B. = Breakfast. 

D. = Dinner. 
S. = Sapper. 

A. = Attendance. 

L. = Light. 

Rfmts. = Refreshments. 

Pens. = Board and lodging. 

M. = English mile. 

K = North, northern, etc. 

S. = South, etc. 

E. = East, etc. 
W. = West, etc. 
r. = Right. 

1. = Left. 

hr. = Hour. 

min. = Minute. 

c, ca. = circa, about. 

carr. = Carriage. 

Jl = Mark. 

pf. = Pfennig. 

K. = Krone. 

h. = Heller. 

fr. = Franc. 

c. = centime. 

G.A.C. = German Alpine Club. 

I.A.C. = Italian Alpine Club. 

Alb. = Albergo (inn). 

Height in feet is indicated by ' after the figures (2050' = 2050 feet). 

Asterisks. Objects of special interest, and hotels which are believed 
worthy of special commendation, are denoted by asterisks. 

The names of Club Huts (Unterkunfts-Hiitten) and Alpine Inns on the 
maps are underlined. 


I. Language. Money. 

Language. For travellers purposing to explore the remoter 
parts of the Eastern Alps a slight acquaintance with German is 
very desirable ; but those who do not deviate from the beaten track 
will generally find that English or French is spoken at the princi- 
pal hotels and the usual public resorts. 

Money. The new Austrian monetary unit is the Krone{Crown; 
i K.= 1/2 florin) = 100 Heller (h.)^ though reckonings are still some- 
times made in the old Florins (Gulden) and Kreuzers (1 florin = 
100 kreuzer = '2 crowns). Large sums are paid in government-notes 
(10 and 20 /r.) or banknotes (50, 100, and 1000 K.). The average 
rate of exchange for a sovereign (or a German gold piece of 20 marks) 
is 24 K., and for a Napoleon lOVo ^- Those who travel with large 
*ums should be provided with circular notes, in preference to bank- 
notes or gold, the value of the former being recoverable in case of loss. 

The cost of a tour among the Alps of Bavaria and Tyrol de- 
pends of course on a great variety of circumstances; but, as a rule, 
travelling in S. Germany and among the Austrian mountains is less 
expensive than in most other parts of Europe. The pedestrian of 
moderate requirements, and tolerably proficient in the language, 
may , by avoiding the beaten track as much as possible , succeed 
in limiting his expenditure to 6-8s. per diem ; but the traveller who 
prefers driving to walking, frequents hotels of the highest class, 
and requires the services of guides and commissionnaires, must be 
prepared to expend at least 25-305. daily. 

n. Passports and Custom Houses. 

Passports are not absolutely necessary in Austria or in Ger- 
many ; but they are sometimes called for in order to prove the 
identity of the traveller, they are not unfrequently serviceable in 
procuring admission to collections , and they must be presented at 
the post-office before the traveller can obtain delivery of registered 
letters. Cyclists and motorists are advised to carry passports. 

Passports may be obtained direct from the Passport Department of the 
Foreign Oflice, Whitehall (fee '25.). or through any tourist-agent. — In the 
United States application tVir passports should be made to the Bureau of 
Citizenship, State Department, Washington, D.C. 

Custom House formalities are now almost everywhere leni- 
ent. As a rule , however, articles purchased during the journey, 
which are not destined for personal use , should be declared at the 
frontier. At the Austrian frontier playing-cards , almanacks, and 
sealed letters are liable to confiscation. Tobacco and cigars, the 


sale of which in Austria is a monopoly of government , are liable to 
a duty of about 12 K. per pound. According to the strict rule, one 
ounce of tobacco and 10 cigars only are exempt from duty. The keys 
should be sent along with all luggage forwarded in advance. 

Visitors to S. Tyrol who intend to cross the Italian frontier are warned 
that the possessiun of photoj^raphic apparatus or weapons (even knives with 
spring-blades) exposes them to suspicitin or worse. Sketching or photo- 
graphing in the neighbourhood of Austrian fortifications also is sometinies 
attended by unpleusaut consequences. 

m. Plan of Tour. 
Season. Companions. Scenery. Health Kesorts. 

Srason, The best season for a visit to the mountains of S. Ger- 
many and Austria is from the middle of July to the middle of Sep- 
tember ; for excursions among the higher Alps, the month of Au- 
gust. Glacier expeditions should not be undertaken before the end 
of July. In September the short days are a disadvantage, and by 
the middle of the month many of the Alpine hotels and club-huts 
are closed. The lower Alps and the lakes may be visited as early 
as the end of May, when the waterfalls, moreover, are seen in 

Companions. A party of two travellers can always be accommo- 
dated in a light conveyance , or in the same room at an inn , while 
a third would often be found 'de trop'. The larger the party, the 
greater , as a rule , is the inconvenience , as weU as the certainty 
that many of the true objects of travel will be sacrificed. The single 
traveller , on the other hand, who has attained some proficiency in 
the language of the country , will of course more speedily become 
acquainted with the people and their characteristics, and more 
readily derive instruction from his tour. 

ScKNRRY. The following places in S. Bavaria and the Austrian 
Alps are recommended to lovers of the picturesque: — 

In tuk Bavarian Obekland: The Lake of Sfarnberg (p. 15), the Hohe 
Peissenberg (p. 17), the Walchensee (p. 67), the Herzogstand (p. 67), Tegern- 
see (p. 73), Schliersee (p. 81), the Wendelstein (p. 83), the Chiemsee (p. 88), 
Nieder-Aschau {p. 89), the Hochfelln (p. 90), P.erchtesgaden (p, 101), the Ko- 
nigs-See (p. 104), Partenkirchen (p. 48), Mittenwald (p. 59), Hohenschwangau 
(p. 39), Linderhof (p. 57), and Oberstdorf (p. 24). 

Salzbdrg and the Salzkammekgut : Salzburg (p. 115), the Gaisberg 
(p. 122), Golling (Schwarzbach Fall; Salzach-Oefen, p. 127), the Liechten- 
Stein-Klamm (p. 155), the Kitzloch-Klamm (p. 157), Gastein (p. 167), Fuscher 
Tal (p. 178), /ell am See (p. 158), the Schmittenhohe (p. 159), Kaprun 
(Moserboden, p. 183), Krimml (p. 189), the Seisenberg-Klamm (p. 112), the 
Vorderkaser-Klamm (p. 162), the Schwarzberg-Klamm (p. 104), Gmunden 
(p. 137) and the Traunsee (p. 139), Ischl (p. 141), the Schafberg (p. 135), Hall- 
statt (p. 148), Gosau Lakes (p. 151), and the Zwiesel Alp (p. 151). 

North Tyrol and the Voraelbekg : Kufstein (p. 214), the Hohe Salve 
(p. 228), Kitzbuhel (p. 229), the Zillertal (p. 234), the Achensee (p. 78), 
Innsbruck (p. 248), the Stubai-Tal (p. 303), the Oetztal (p. 321), the Pitztal 
(p. 334), the Fern Pass (p. 45), Landeck (p. 317), Finstermiinz (p. 340), 
St. Anton (p. 270), Schruns (p. 284), the Liiner-See and Scesaplana (p. 268), 
Bregenz (p. 260), and the Pfander (p. 261). 

Central and South Tyrol : Gossensass (p. 299), Botzen (p. 358) and 
ite environs (Ritten, p, 362; Groden, p, 431; Schlern, p. 439; Karersee 

m. PLAN OF TOUR. xv 

Hotel, p. 446; Tierser-Tal, p. 440; Mendel, p. 366), Meran (p. 368), the Stelvio 
Pass (Trafoi, p. 379; Piz Umbrail, p. 382), Sulden (p. 387), the Lago di 
Garda (p. 429), the Val di Geneva (p. 420), Campiglio (p. 413), the Val 
Faasa (p. 449), San Martino di Caatrozza (p. 456), Primiero (p. 458), Agordo 
(p. 515), Caprile (p. 513); Bruneck (p. 468), Taufers (p. 47S), the vallev of 
Pragfl (p. 491), Schluderbach (p. 496), Cortina (p. 501), Sexten (Fischelein- 
boden. p. 493); Windisch-Matrei (Gschloss, p. 195), the Kalser-Torl (p. 200), 
and Kals (Gross-Glockner, p 202). 

LowEK AND L'ppER AiSTBiA AND Sttbia : The Semmcring Railway 
(p. 523), the Hollen-Tal (p. 53C), the Schneeberg (p. 531), the Raxalpe (p 532), 
Miirzzuschlag (p. 525), Mariazell (p. 536), Wildalpen (p. 550), the Hoch- 
schwab (p. 546), the Oetscher (p. 537), Lunz (p. 541), Waidhofen an der 
Ybbs Cp. 542), Steyr (p. 559), Eisenerz (p. 553), the Gesause (Gstatferboden, 
p. 555 ; Johnsbach-Tal, p. -56), Admont (p. 556), Windisch-Garsten (p. 563), 
Stoder (p. 562), Aussee (Grundlsee, Toplitzsee, p. 145), Schladming (Bamsau, 
p. 568), and Gratz (p. 576). 

Carintuia AND Carniola : VjUach (Dobratsch, p. fOo), the Wiirther-See 
(p. 598), Eisenkappel (p. 5S9), Sulzbach (p. 592), Adelaber^i (p. 578), St. 
Oanzian (p. 588), Veldes (p. 1.28), Wochein (p. 629), Tarvis (p. 638), Raibl 
(p. 639), the Pontebba Railway (p. G35), Millslatt (p. 601), the Malta-Tal 
(p. 609), and Heiligenblut (p. 206). 

In sketching the plan of a tour the traveller will find it con- 
venient to mark with red pencil, on the map before the title-page 
of this volume, all the places he wishes to visit, and then consider 
the best means of reaching and connecting them. A few short tours 
are subjoined as examples; the places for spending the night are 
indicated by italics. 

1. Ten or Twelve Days from Munich (S. Bavaria , N. Tyrol). — 
Munich, Tegernsee (Neureut. Hir5chberg), Achensee (L'nnutz), Jenbach, 
Innsbruck (Ambraa, Igla, Lnnserkopfe, Patacher Kofel), Seefeld (Reither- 
spitze), Miltenwald (Leutaschklamni , Kranzberg), Partenkirehen (Partnach- 
klamm. Ilollental-Rlamm, Kreuzeckbaus , Schachen, Eibsee), Linderhof, 
Plans ee. Reatte, /Iohemcfiuangau(,(>TlAnitrho{, Scbiitzensteig, Neu-Schwan- 
stein), Fiissen, Manich. 

Or: Munich, Schlieisee^ Wendelstein, Jiandl (or Tatzlwurm), Kufstein 
(Kaiaer-Tal, Hintersteiner-See). Worgl (Hohe Salve), Jenbach, and then 
as above. 

2. A Fortnight in Salzburg and the Salzkammebgut. — Salzburg, 
Mondsee, Schafberg, Itchl (Gmunden, Aussee), Hallstatt, Gosau (Goaau 
Lakes), Zwiesel Alp, Abtenau, Golling (Schwarzbach Fall, Salzach-Oefen), 
St. Johann (Liechtenstein-Klamm. Hochgnindeck), Zell am See (Schraitten- 
hohe, Mtiserboden), Saalfelden, Hirschbuhl, Ramsan, .Be>"cA<««5'aden (Konigs- 
See). Reichenhall (or, Saalfelden, Ramseider-Scharte, Konigs-See, Berchtes- 
gaden, Ramaau, Schwarzbachwacht, Reichenhall), Chiemsee, Munich. 

3. Sixteen or Eighteen Days in S. Bavaria, the Oetztal, and the 
Sclden-Tal. — Munich, Lake of Starnberg, Walchen?ee, Partenkirehen^ 
Lermoos, Fern Pass, Nassereit, Telfs, Innsbruck^ Stubai-Tal, Bildstockl-Joch, 
Solden, Vent. Hochjoch or Niederjoch, Schnalstal (or Hochjoch, Kurzras, 
Taachljoch, Scblanders), Martell, Madritsch-.Joch (Schontaufspitze), Sulden, 
Finstermiinz, Landeck. 

4. Three Weeks in S. Bavaria, the Oetztal, and S.W. Tyrol. — 
Munich, Fiiasen, Hohenschwangau, Reutte, Imst, the Oetztal, Gurgl, 
Ramoljoch, Vent, Hochjoch or Niederjoch, Schnalatal, Meran, Botzen, Mendel 
(Penegal), Male, Campiglio, Val di Geneva, Mandron-Hiitte (Adamello), 
Presena Pass, Ponte di Legno, Gavia Paaa. Santa Caterina, Bormio, Stelvio 
Pass (Piz Umbrail), Trafoi (or Santa Caterina, Cevedale Pass, Sulden), 
Mais, Landeck. 

5. Thbbe Weeks in S. Bavabia, the Oetztal, and the Ortleb and 
Bbenta Districts (for experienced mountaineers). — Munich, Oberstdov/ 


(Nebelhorn), Hornbacb - Joch , Elmen, Hahntenn, Imst, the Oelztal [or 
Oberstdorf, Madelejoch, Holzgau, Memminger-Hiitte, Gat?chkopf, Augs- 
burger Hiitte Landeck, the Oetztal], Vtnt, Taufkar-Jncb, Mittelberg, Ol- 
gruben-Joch, Gepatschhaus (or Vent, Wildspitze, Mittelberg, Gepa»schbau8), 
Weisssee- Joch, Langtaufers, Mala, Trafoi, Ortler, Sulden, Cevedale, Pejo, 
Cercen Pass, Mandron-Hiitte (Adamello), Pinzolo, Campiglio, Bocca di Brenta 
(Cima Toaa), .Molveno, Trent. 


Jenbach. Mayrhofen (Ahornspitze), Breitlahner, Berliner Hiitte, Schwarzen- 
atein, Ahrntal, Lenkjochl-Hiittc, Umbaltorl, Prdgraten, Gross -Venediger, 
Prager Hiitte, Gschloss, Windisch-MatrH, Kals -Matreier- Tori, Kals, Stiidl- 
Hiitte, Gross -Glockner (or Berger- Tori), Glockner Haus, Pfandel- Scharle 
or Knckkar-Scharte, Mainzer Hiitte), Fevleiten, Salzburg. 

7. Three Weeks in East Tyrol, the Tadern District, and the Dolo- 
mites. — Worgl, Kitzbiihei (Kitzbiihlerhorn), ZellamSee, Ferleifen. IM'andel- 
Scharte, Glockner-Haus (Franz-Jdsefs-Hohe, Gross-Glockiier). Heiligenblul; 
or Zell nm See, Moserboden, Kesselfall, Gleiwitzer Hiitte, Ferleiten, Mainzer 
Hiitte, Fran/.-Josephs-Haus (Grois-Glockner), Heiligenblut, Dolsacb, Tob- 
lach, Schluderbach (Monte Pian, Mistirina. Diirrenstein), Covtina^ Falzarego 
(or Giau or Nuvnlaa). Caprile (f.ago dAlleghe), Fedaja Pass, Campitello, 

Kjjro, Karer Pass, Botzen; or Campitello, Tierser Alpl, Schlern, Botzen. 

8. Three Weeks in East Tyrol, Zillertal, Pusteutal. the Dolo- 
mites, and THE Tauern District. — Munich, Rosenheim. ^M/itei/? (or Schlier- 
see. Kufstein), Jen'ntch^ Zillertal, Breitlahner (Berliner Hutte). Pfitscher- 
Jocb, Sterzing (or Brenner), Franzensfeste, Bruneck (Kr(inplatz), Taufers 
(Speikboden, Reintal), Niederdorf^ Pragser-Tal, PlJit/.wiese (Diirrenatein), 
Schluderbach, Cortina, Misurina, Toblacb, Innichen (Sexten-Tal), Liem, 
Spittal (Millstiitter-See, 3Ialta-Tal), FiWacA (Dobratsch),Wdrther-See, Klagen- 
furl, Vienna; or Lienz, Windisch-Matrei, Gschloss, Venediger, Kiirsinger- 
Hutte, Warnsdorfer-Hutte, Krimnil, Zell am See, Bischofshofen (or Salz- 
burg), Vienna. 

9. Three Weeks in the Pustertal, the Tauebn Distkict, and the 
Dolomites. — Vienna, Villach, Dolsach, Heiligenblut, Glockner Haus (Franz- 
Josephs-Hcihe), Berfrer-Torl (or Gross-Glockner), Kals. Windisch-Matrei, 
Pragraten, Umbal-Torl, Lenkjbchl-Hiitte, Kasern, Taufert. Bruneck, Kron- 
platz , St. Vigil , Seekofel (or Fanes) , Cortina (or Bruneck , Niederdorf, 
Pragser-Tal, Platzwieae, Schluderbach, Misurina. Cortina), Giau (or Nu- 
volau), Caprile, Agordo. Cereda Pass, Primiero, San Martino di Castrozza, 
Predazzo, Botzen, 

10. Three or Fode Weeks in the Salzkammergut, Salzburg, Tauern, 
AND the Dolomites. — Vienna, Selztal , Atissee (Alt-Anssee, Grundlsee), 
Hallstatt (^Oo^&Vi Lakes, Zwiesel Alp), Itchl, St. Wolfgang, Schafberg, >Iond- 
see, Salzburg, Bei'chtesgaden, Konigs-See, Ramsau, Hirschbiihl. Saalfelden 
(or Konigs-See, Funtensee, Ramseider- Scharte, Saalfelden), Zell am See, 
Kapruner-Tal, Rudolfs-Hiitte, Kaiser Tauern, Kals, Berger-Torl (or Gross- 
Glockner), Heiligenblut. Winklern, Dolsach, Toblach. Cortina, Falzarego, Tre 
Sassi, St. Cassian, Corvara (or Falzarego. Buchenstein, Valparola, Cnrvara), 
St. Ulrich in the Val Gardena, Schlern, Ratzes, Botzen; or Schlern. Tierser- 
Alpl, Oraslfeiten-Hutte, Vajolet-Hiitte, Kolner-Hvitte, Karersee Hotel. Botzen, 

Health Resorts for summer and winter. In the choice of a 
summer resort one of the most important considerations is its Height 
above the sea-level, although other factors, such as its position with 
regard to woods and lakes or streams, also demand attention. As 
we ascend the purity of the atmosphere increases, while atmospheric 
pressure (a point of importance to mountaineers) and relative mois- 
ture decrease. The following are the chief summer-resorts arranged 
in order of height above the sea-level. 

m. PLAN OF TOUR. xvii 

Height above Sea Level of Health Resorts in the Eastern Alps. 

Engl, Feet 

700. — 790* CiUi (p. 583); SSO* St. Pollen (p. 538); my Ober-Lana (p. 374); 
995' Steyr (p. 559). 

1000. — 1050' Scheibbs (p. 540); 1170' Weissenbach on the Triesting (p. 539) : 
1175 Waidhofen on the Ybbs (p. 551); 1225' St. Veit on the Golsen 
(p. 539); l-!40' Lilienfeld (p. 544); 1245' Judendorf (p. 529). 

1300. — 1300* Bregenz (p. 260); 1320' Lindau (p. 23), Bad Schachen (p. 23) 
1365' Eppan (p. 365); 1380' H-.infeld (p. 539), Freilassing (p. 92) 
1395' Gmunden (p. 137); 1410" Dombirn (p. 262), Gaming (p. 540) 
1415' Schwanberg (p. 581); 1425' Frohnleiten (p. 528); lliO" Glogg 
nitz (p. 522); 1450' Hallein (p. 1J5); 1500' Portschach (p. 599), Velden 
(p. 599), etc., on the Luke of Worth. 

1.500. — 1515' Tiirnitz (p. 545). Wolfsberg in the Lavant-Tal (p. 595); 1525' 
Wag:ing (p. 91), Kammer (p. 131), Attersee (p. 131), Weissenbach 
(p. 131), and TJnterach (p. 131) on the Attersee; ISSC/ Unterbergen 
(p. 625), Gutenstein (p. 521); 1530' lachl (p. 141); 1535' Gelling 
(p. 126); 1510' Reichenhall (p. P5) Kleinzell and Salzerbad(p. 539); 
1550' Brannenburg (p. i^6); 1565' Aspang (p. 522); 1570' Wasserburg 
(p. 85); 1575' Aibling fp. 86), Mond-^ee (p. 133); 1530* Oberaudorf 
(p. 87), Gutenstein (p. 521); 1585' Kufstein (p. 2l4); 1600' Reichenau 
(p. 529) ; 1620 Hallstatt (p. 148), Payerbach (p. 523) ; 1630' Goisern 
(p. 144); 1615' Veldes (p. 623); 1650' Mattsee (p. 130); 1655' Ossiach 
(p. 620) and Sattendorf (p. 621) on the Ossiacher See; 1660' Ober- 
Aspang (p. 522); 1695' Steindorf (p. 620); 1705' Chiemsee (p. 83), 
Kramsach (p. 219); 1725' Klansen (p 356), Bemau (p. 90); 1740' Prien 
(p. 83); 1745' Diessen (p. 18) and Unter-Schondorf (p. 18j on the 
Ammer-See, Gostling fp. 5U). 

1750. — 1765' Schwatz (p. 221), Brixlegg (p. 219); 1780' Marquartstein (p. 92); 
1785' Fiigen rp. 234), Schottwien (p. 522); 1800* St. Wolfgang (p. 135) 
and St. Gilgea (p. 134) on the Abersee; 1810* Unken (p. 164); 1825' 
Hall (p 223), Lassnitzhohe (p. 579); 1830' Eisenkappel (p. 589); 
1835' Brixen (p. 353); 1845' Jenbach (p. 220), St. Johann im Pongau 
(p. 155); 1875' Berchtcsgaden (p. 101): 1885' Zell am Ziller fp. 235); 
1890' Puchberg (p. 531); 1895 Kirchberg am Wechsel (p. 522); 1905' 
Blillstatt (p. 601), Edlach (p. 533), Bludenz (p. 267); 1925' Stamberg 
(p. 15), Leoni, Feldafing. and Tutzing (p. 16) on the Starnberger 
See; 1930' Kcissen (p. 218); 1940' Traunstein (p. 91); 1970' Hopf- 
garten (p. 22?), Stoder (p. 562); 1980' Kochel and Kochelsee (p. 66); 
1985' Lunz (p. 541). 

2000. — 'iOOC Wildalpen (p. 550); 2010' Hermagor (p. 606), Schwarzenbach 
fp. 596), Siesi8dnrf(p. !:<5), Windisch-Garsten (p. 563); 2020" Nieder- 
Aschau (p. 89) ; 2035' Ober-Drauburg (p. 602) : 2055' Krieglach (p 525) ; 
2065 Mavrhofen (p. 237); 2090' Friesach (p. 618) ; 2095' Lofer (p. 163) ; 
2100' Admont (p. 556); 2105' Ruhpolding (p. 94); 2l20 Stainach 
(p. 565); 2135' Aussee (p. 145), Bezau (p. '276); 2160' Spital am Pyhrn 
(p. 663), St. Johann in Tirol (p. 232), Trofaiach fp. 551); 2190" 
Walchsee (p. 218), Lietzen fp. 564), Ramsau near Berchtesgaden 
fp. 110); 2200' Vatirn (p. 354); 2205' Miir/.zuschlag (p. 525); 2215' 
Grobming (p. 567); 2220' Lienz (p. 474), Weichselboden (p. 548); 
2230" Oeblarn (p. 56 0, Mie.sbach fp. 81). 

2250.-2250' Ober-Vellach (p. 612); 2 60 Schruns (p. 284); 2265' Mellau 
(p. 276), Murnau (p. 47): 2275' Hallthurm (p. 99); 2280' Eeit im 
Winkel (p. 93); 2285' Schwarzenberg (p. 27-5), Mittewald on the 
Dobratscb (p. 605): 2295' Ebenhausen (p. 64), Prein fp. -533); 2300' 
Partenkirchen-Garmisch (p. 48). Kotscbach (p. 607); 2325' rrundlsee 
(p. 147); 2360' Alt-Aussee (p. 146); 2390' Tegemsee (p. 73); 2400' 
Immenstadtfp.21), Tarvis (p. 633), Gmiind (p. 608) : 2420' Schladming 
(p .',6-(); 2445' Sonthofen (p. 24); 2470' Zell am See (p 15S). 

2500. — 2510' Aflenz (p. 547)-, 2-525' Kitzbiihel (p. 229); 2550' Miihlbach im 
Pustertal (p. 46o); 2560' Waidring (p. 22/), (p. 527); 
2570* Schliersee (p. 81) ; 2.585' Fieberbrunn (p. 233), Spital am Semme- 


Engl. Feet 

ring (p. 524); 2600' Oberstaufen (p. 22); 26l5'Fus3en (p. 38), Mitfern- 
dorf (p. 566); 2630* St. Lorenzen (p. 467); 2645' Walcliensee (p. 67), 
Oberstdorf (p. 24); 2675' Landeck (p. 317); 2690' Hohenschwangau 
(p. 30); 2705' Hindelang (p. 32) ; 2710* Imst (p. 31'i); 2715' Bad Kreuth 
(p. 76). Hiltisau (p. 274); '2725' Bruneck (p. 46S), Radstadt (p. 571): 
2735' St. Gallenkirch (p. 287); 2740' Neumarkt in Steiermark (p. 617) ; 
2745' oberammergau (p. 66). 

2750. — 2;65' Bad Vellach (p. 590); 2770' Vordernberg (p. 554); 2790' Reutte 
(p. 42); 2805" Tanfcrs (p. 478); 2835' Molveno (p. 418) ; 2840' Hinter- 
stein (p. 33); 2870' Pfronten (p. 36); 2875' Ober-Mieming (p. 46): 
29a)' Igls (p. 259); 2925' Raibl fp. 639), Heiligengei^t near Villacb 
fp. 605); 2935 Semmering (p 524); 2955' Kohlgmb (p. 56); 2S80 
Vols (p. 439), Borca (p. 506); 2990' Mittenwald (p. 59). 

3000. - 3045' Acbensee-Pertisau (pp. 78, 79); 3085' Fulpmes (p. 303); 3110 
Sterzing (p. 301); 3120* Gaschurn (p. 288); 3165' Sarntbein (p. 364); 
3190' Eibsee (p. 52), Plansee fp. 58); 3200" Windisch-Matrei (p. 194); 
3220' Mieders (p. 30J); 3'J55' Deutscb-Matrei (p. 294); 3260' Khr- 
wald (p. 44); 3265' Obsteig (p. 45); 3285' Seis (p. 438); 3326' Scbon- 
berg (p. 259i; 34(X)' Umbausen fp 3'>2); 3ilO' Scbloss Weissenstein 
(p. 194); 3430' Bad-Gastein (p. 167); 3446' Saleeg (p. 43S), Steinacb 
am Brenner (p. 295): 3480" Piander-Hotel (p. 261). 

3500. —3500' Krimml (p. 189); 3560' Weinberg (p. 470); 3575' Holzgau 
(p. 281); 3595' Kastelrutb (p. 438); 3610' Gos.sensaas (p. 299); 3600' 
Sillian (p. 472); 3650' Volderbad (p. 225); 3675' Dreikirchcn (p. 357): 
3770' Klobenstein (p. 362); 37i'5' Xiedendorf (p. 47u); 3810' Gries am 
Brenner (p. 297); 3840' Lavamne (p. 462); 3855 Innicben (p. 472); 
3865' Welscbnofen (p. 445) ; 3870' Langenfeld (p. 322), Weisslahn-Bad 
(p. 440), Seefeld (p. 63); 3^y0' Mallnitz (p. 172); 3905' Ladis (p. 337): 
3935' Ratzes (p. 43S) ; 3975' Tnblacb (p. 471); 3985' St. Vigil (p. 487). 

4000. — 4000" Cortina (p. 501); 4U05' Oberbotzen (p. 862); 404')' Bud Fnsch 
(p. 179); 4055' St. Ulrich in Groden (p. 432); 4175' Eggerhof near 
Meran (p. 374); 4W5' Heiligenblut (p. 206); 4275' St.. Anton am 
Arlberg (p. 270); 4300' Sexten-St. Veit (p. 493); 4315' Innicber 
Wildbad (p. 493); 4345' Neu-Prags (p. 492); 4350' Brennerbad 
(p. 298); 4395' Bad Bormio (p. 38 i); 4420' Ridnaun (p. 309); 4460' 
Mendel (p. 366); 4465' Solden (p. 324). 

4500. — 4500' Alt Rrags (p. 491) ; 4540' Obladi'' (p. 337); 4615' Landro (p. 495) ; 
4680' St. Cbristina in Groden (p. 434); 4730' Scbluderbacb (p. 486); 
4740' San Martino di Castrozza (p. 456); 4835' Gargellen (p. 287); 
4880' Graun (p. 341); 4910' Wildsee Prag.s (p. 492); 4920' Gaflei 
(p. 265) ; 4970* Madonna di Campiglio (p. 413). 

5000. —5050' Wolkenstein in Groden (p. 435); 5055' Trafoi (p. 379), Pane- 
veggio (p. 455); 5120' Radein (p. 448); 5275' Karersee Hotel (p. 446) ; 
6410' Ober-Tauern (p. 572). 

5500. —5645' Zurs (p. 283); 5695' Santa Caterina (p. 394); 5760' Lago Misu- 
rina (p. 498); 5885' Hochschneeberg (p. 531). 

6000. — 6055' St. Genraud in rfulden (p. 3S7) ; 62lO' Vent (p. 326) ; 6255' Sulden- 
Hotel (p. 387); 6150' Kiihtai (p. 319). 

6500. — 6540' Platzwie.'ien-Hotel (p. 491). 

Winter Resorts. The popularity of the Eastern Alps as a 
winter-resort has rapidly grown within the last ten years or so. The 
bracing and invigorating effects of the winter climate among the 
Alps is principally due to the dryness and purity of the atmosphere, 
analogous at the height of 2500-^300' to that experienced in bright 
summer weather at heights of not less than 6500'. Dust and fog 
are alike unknown, there is comparatively little wind, the weather 
is usually settled, and between November and the middle of January 
there is a curious inversion of the thermometer, for the temperature 


rises as we ascend. The sun is frequently so powerful that visitors 
may comfortably sit in the open air for hours at a time in sheltered 
spots. Many health-resorts and hotels that used to close in autnmn 
now enjoy a prosperous winter season. Skating, tobogganing, sleigh- 
ing, ski-ing and other winter sports are actively carried on at many 
of the following resorts. 

In the Bavarian Highlands: Stamberg (p. 15) 5 'Garmisch-Parten- 
kirchen (p. 48); Oher-Ammergau (p. 56) j Mittenwald (p. 59)^ Ebenhausen 
(p. 64); Tolz (p. 69); •Tegernsee (p. 73 1; Schliersee (p 81); Bayrisch-Zell 
(p. 84); Brannenburg(p. 86) and Oberaudiirf (Brunnstein, p. 87) in thelnntal: 
Marquart'^tein (p. 9./); ^Berchtesgaden (p. 101); Immenstadt (p. 21); ''Oberst- 
dorf (p 24) i Hindelang (p. 32); Oberstaufen (p. 22). 

In the 'Tvhol and the Vokahlberg : •Kufstein (p. 214) ; Brixlegg (p. 219) ; 
Schwatz (p. 221); 'Kitibiihel (p. 229); Fieberbrunn (p. 283); Hall (p. 223); 
BlTidenz (p. 267); Stuben (p. 270); 'St. Anton on the Arlberg (p. 270); 
Schnins (p. 284) ; Khrwald and Lermoos (p. 44) ; Reutte (p. 42) ; Graun (p. 341) •- 
St. Valentin aut" der Haide (p. 342); Oetz (p. 321); Matrei (p. 294); *»jossen- 
sass (p. 299); Sterzing (p. 30l); Groden (p. 432); Bruneck (p. 468); Toblach 
(p. 471). 

In Salzbubg, Uppbe and Lower Austria, Styeia, Cabinthia, etc. : 
Gmunden (p. 137); Ischl (p. 141); Zell am See (p. 158); Aussee fp. 146); 
Schladming (p. 668); Windisch Garsten (p. 531); Spital am Pyhrn (p. 531); 
ilitferndort (p. 536); Payerbach (p. 523); Puchberg (p. 531); Semmering 
(p. 524); Raxaipe (p. 532); Miirzzuschlau' (p. 525); Admont (p. 556); Radstadt 
(p. 571); Velden (p. 599); Villach (p. 603); Ober-Drauburg (p 602), etc. 

Winter Health Resorts with a mild climate (suitable also for spring 
and antumn): Gorizia (p. 631); Botzeu and Gries (pp.358, 361); Meran 
(p. 368); Arco (p. 425); Gardone-Fasano (p. 430) on the Lago di Garda. 

IV. Walking Tours. Guides. 
Equipmbnt. The greatest drawback to the pleasure of travel- 
ling is a superabundance of baggage. To be provided with an actual 
sufficiency and no more may be regarded as one of the golden 
rules for travellers, A light 'gibeciere' or .'Reisetasche', such as may 
be procured in every town , amply suffices to contain all that is 
necessary for a fortnight's excursion. A change of flannel shirts 
and worsted stockings , a few pocket-handkerchiefs, a pair of slip- 
pers , and a small dressing-case may , after the first few days , be 
carried with hardly a perceptible increase of fatigue. A piece of 
brown gauze or coloured spectacles to protect the eyes from the glare 
of the snow, stout gloves, a leathern drinking-cup, and a pocket- 
knife with a cork-screw should not be forgotten. Useful, though 
less indispensable, are a field-glass or small telescope, sewing 
materials, a supply of strong cord, sticking-plaster, a small compass, 
a pocket-lantern, a thermometer, and an aneroid barometer. Ladies 
also should try to limit their wardrobe as much as possible, and see that 
everything is of a plain and serviceable nature. For the pedestrian 
a light Scottish plaid is better than a waterproof. Special attention 
should be paid to the boots, which must be strong, well-tried, and 
thoroughly comfortable, as the slightest tendency to rub or blister 
may seriously mar the enjoyment of the walk. For glacier - tours 
and mountain-ascents the soles must be supplied with nails, which, 


however, may be added on reaching the mountainous district. The 
traveller should of course have a more extensive reserve of clothing, 
especially if he purposes visiting towns of importance ; but it should 
be contained in a valise of moderate size, which he can easily wield 
when necessary, and forward from town to town by post. In Austria 
each parcel has to be accompanied by a separate stamped 'Postbe- 
gleit- Adresse', obtained at the post-oftice (i2h.~). In Italy the 
maximum weight of postal packages is 5 kilogrammes (11 lbs.). 

The traveller who intends to ascend any of the loftier peaks 
should be provided with a well-tried Alpenstock , consisting of a 
pole of seasoned ash, 5-6 ft. long , shod with a steel point , and 
strong enough, when placed horizontally, wiih. the ends supported, 
to bear the whole weight of the body. For the more difficult ascents 
an ice Axe and Rope also are necessary. These articles can gen- 
erally be obtained from the guides, but in that case their quality is 
not so trustworthy as when the climber has selected them for 
himself. The best rope, light and at the same time strong, is made 
of silk or Manilla hemp. In crossing a glacier the precaution of 
using the rope should never be neglected. It should be securely 
tied round the waist of each member of the party , leaving a 
length of about 10' between each one and his follower. Ice-axes 
are made in various forms, and are usually furnished with a spike 
at the end of the handle , so that they can in some measure be 
used like an alpenstock. — Shoes with hempen soles are sometimes 
used for mountain-climbing. 

RuiiEs. The enthusiastic traveller should curb his ardour at 
the outset of his excursion , and begin by moderate performances, 
as the overtaxing of his strength on a single occasion will some- 
times incapacitate him altogether for several days. It often requires 
discrimination to determine what degree of fatigue can be borne 
with impunity , and when walking should be abandoned for the 
ease of a carriage ; but all these experiences vrill be acquired 
without the aid of a guide-book. The first golden rule for the ped- 
estrian is to start on his way betimes in the morning. If strength 
permits , and a suitable halting-place is to be met with , a two 
hours' walk may be accomplished before breakfast. At noon a mod- 
erate luncheon is preferable to a regular table-d'hote dinner. Re- 
pose should be taken during the hottest hours , and the journey 
then continued till 5 or 6 p.m., when a substantial meal (evening 
table-d'hote at the principal hotels) may be partaken of. When a 
mountain has to be breasted the prudent pedestrian will pursue 
the 'even tenor of his way' with regular and steady steps f^chi va 
piano va sano ; chi va sano va lontano^) ; the novice alone indulges 
in 'spurts'. If the traveller desires a further maxim for his guidance, 
it may be, 'When fatigue begins enjoyment ceases'. 

To prevent the feet from blistering during a protracted walk- 
ing tour they may be rubbed morning and evening with brandy 

IV. GUIDES. xxi 

and tallow. A warm foot-bath with bran will be found soothing 
after a long day's march. Soaping the inside of the stocking is an- 
other well-known safeguard against abrasion of the skin. 

Excursions among the higher Alps should not be undertaken 
before July , nor at any period after a long continuance of rain or 
snow. Glaciers should, if possible , be traversed before 10 a.m., 
after which hour the rays of the sun soften the crust of ice formed 
over the fissures and crevasses during the night. It is hardly ne- 
cessary to state that experienced guides are absolutely indispensable 
for such excursions. 

The cold glacier-water of the higher regions should not be 
drunk except in small quantities mixed with wine, cognac, or 
Kirschwasser. Cold milk also is prejudicial. Experienced moun- 
taineers recommend cold tea as a safe remedy for thirst. Good old 
wine in small quantities is preferred by others. 

Over all the movemeuts of the pedestrian the Weather holds 
despotic sway. Those who claim acquaintance with the elements 
and their signs will tell him of numberless indications by which 
either foul or favourable weather may be predicted, and their advice 
will often be found valuable. The barometer, too, should be con- 
sulted when an opportunity offers. Mountain-views are generally 
clearest in the morning or towards evening. 

GuTDKS. Within the last few years the guides among the S. 
German and Austrian Alps have greatly improved , chiefly owing 
to the exertions of the German and Austrian Alpine Club, and a 
tariff of fixed charges has been introduced at most of their head- 
quarters. Competent guides can now be obtained in almost every 
part of Tyrol ; and some of the Tyrolese guides rank with the 
best in Switzerland, having occasionally been employed by the most 
eminent British and German mountaineers for extensive tours 
beyond the limits of their native districts. The names of the best- 
known guides are given in the Handbook, and the charges fixed 
by tariff for the principal excursions are mentioned also. Each guide 
is usually bound to carry 15 lbs. weight of luggage. Glacier- expe- 
ditions should never be attempted without a guide, except perhaps 
by a party of adepts. When a glacier is entirely free from snow 
('aper') it may generally be traversed in safety by a party of two 
persons ; otherwise the party should consist of three persons at least, 
all securely roped together. It need hardly be added that the re- 
lations between the traveller and his guide should always be plea- 
sant and cordial. For longer tours it is often advisable to engage a 
guide by time. If the guide is dismissed at a distance from his 
home, he is paid for the time necessary to reach it. 

Club Huts. The numerous Club Huts (^Vnterkunfts-HUtten) 
erected by the German and Austrian Alpine Club and the Austrian 
Tourist Club have done much to increase the pleasures and decrease 
the discomforts of the higher ascents These huts are generally 

xxii V. MOTORING. 

well fitted up, and contain mattresses or hay-beds, woollen cover- 
lets, a small cooking-stove, cooking utensils, plates, and glasses. 
A small sum, fixed by tariff, is charged for the accommodation 
afforded, which members of Alpine clubs generally obtain at about 
half the price paid by ordinary tourists. When the traveller pur- 
poses spending the night in one of these huts and starting thence 
for the ascent, he should take a good supply of portable provisions 
with him (tinned meats, 'Erbswurst', beef-extract, condensed milk, 
tea and coffee, etc.); but many of them are now regular inns in 
summer. The public-spirited Oerman and Austrian Alpine Club, 
by which most of these huts have been erected , now numbers 
upwards of 86,000 members, who belong to 381 different Sections, 
about two-thirds of these being German and the other third Austrian. 
The usual annual subscription is 10 J/, which entitles the sub- 
scriber to 24 numbers of the 'Mitteilungen' and to one volume of 
the 'Zeitschrift', with maps and illustrations. The Austrian Tourist 
Club [founded in 1869 ; 15,000 members) also has done good work in 
building refuge-huts, improving paths, etc. 

The accommodation afforded by the Chalets of the Alpine herds- 
men is generally very inferior to that of the club-huts. "Whatever 
poetry there may be theoretically in a bed of hay, the traveller will 
find that the cold night-air piercing abundant apertures, the jangl- 
ing of the cow-bells, and the grunting of the pigs are little con- 
ducive to refreshing slumber. 

Health. Tincture of arnica is a good remedy for bruises^ and more- 
over has a bracing and invigorating effect if robbed on the limbs after 
much fatigue; but it should never be applied to broken skin, as it is apt 
to produce erysipelas. Saturnine ointment or oxide of zin^ ointment is 
beneficial in cases of inflammation of the skin, an inconvenience frequently 
caused by exposure to the glare of the sun on the snow. Cold cream, and, 
for the lips especially, vaseline or glycerine are also recommended. 

For Dian'hoea 15 drops of a mixture of equal parts of tincture of opium 
and aromatic tincture may be safely taken every two hours until relief is 
afforded . The homoeopathic tincture of camphor (5 drops on a lump of 
sugar every half-hour or so) is also a good remedy. The homoeopathic 
camphor-globules are convenient, but are more apt to lose their strength. 

Distress Signals. Alpine tourists who get into difficulties and find 
themselves in need of aid may avail themselves of the signal code agreed 
upon for that contingency by the German, Austrian, and other Alpine Clubs. 
This consists in giving six signals at regular intervals within the space 
of a minute, then pausing for a minute, and then repeating the regular 
signals. The answer is given by making three signals at regular intervals 
within the space of a minute. The signals may be made by waving a flag 
or a handkerchief on the end of an alpenstock, or by shouting, or by whist- 
ling, or by flash-lights from a mirror, or with a lantern, etc. 

V. Hotoring and Cycling Notes. 
MoTOB Cabs entering Austria or Germany are subject to customs- 
duty, the amount being returnable if the car quit the country within 
a given period. But members of the chief automobile clubs are 
spared the necessity of making this deposit on conditions explained 
in the usual handbooks. In Austria drivers require a certificate from 

V. CYCLING. xxiii 

the authorities; tho car mnst display a small number-plate in front 
and a large number-plate behind; and the speed-limit is 27 M. 
(45 Kil.) per hr. or in populous places 9 M. (15 Kil.). In Germany 
the car-owner must take out an official permission (Erlaubnis-Karte ; 
np to 30 days 40 JIf) and the driver's certificate m»ist be counter- 
signed by a German consul. In populous districts and after dark 
the speed-limit is 9 M. per hr. ; otherwise there is no limit, but 
driving to the public, danger, whatever the speed, is an offence. 
Lamps, brakes, and horns are imperative, but foreigners are not 
required to carry number-plates. For local regulations (which vary) 
in both countries, motorists should apply to the police. 

The foll'jwing r>i.id9 are either closed to motors or are unfit for motor- 
traffic : Lechtal road (R. 48), Kniepass road at Realte (p. 42), Plansco 
road (Reutte-Plansee-Ammerwald, R. 10), Achental road (Jenbach-Acben- 
see, p. 221), Walclisee r/>ad (from Itintal to Kossen, p. 216), Oetztal road 
(p. 321), Passeier road (p. 3^5), Stubaital road (p. 303), Patznann road (R. 49), 
Kaunser-Tal road (p. 338). Griiden road (p. 431), Enneberg road (St. Lorenzen- 
Corvara, R. 80), Sexten road (p. 492), Taufers road (R. 78), Iseltal road 
(p. 194), Sarntal road (Bot'.en-Sarnthein, p. 364), Egcental road (Kardaun- 
Karersee Hotel, p. 444), Kastelruth road (p. 4;S8), Suldon road (p. 387), 
Cembra-Tal road (p. 461"), Lavarone road (p. 462), and Ulten road (p. 376). 

Cycles accompanied by their owners entering Austria pay a 
customs-duty of 60 A'., which is returned when the country is 
quitted ; but members of the more important cycling unions can 
usually avoid the necessity for this deposit. Cycles are admitted to 
Germany without customs formalities, but a charge of 8-10 J/ is 
made on crated machines if they look new. In both countries each 
machine must be 'provided with a brake, bill, and lamp; the last 
must be lighted after dark even when the machine is stationary or 
being pushed. Through -tourists are not usually bound to carry 
number-plates. Where special cyclist-paths are provided ('Rad- 
fahrwege'; usually in the environs of larger towns) the cyclist must 
use these. Police regulations vary as to the use of narrow and steep 
streets in towns and villages, or of the side-walks on country- 
roads, etc 

Rule of thb Road. In Germany, Vorarlberg, Tyrol, Upper 
Austria, Carinthia, and the Austrian Littoral vehicles keepjto the 
right in meeting, and pass on the left in overtaking. In Salzburg, 
Lower Austria, Styria. and Carniola the reverse is the rule, as in 
England. Led horses should be met and passed on the side on which 
the man in charge is. 

Maps. Information as to these can be obtained at the headquarters 
of the chief motoring and cycling clubs in England or America. Among 
the best German maps are the following: Strassenkarte von Bayern, published 
by the German Touring-Klub, in 4 sheets i,i 2 Jl each (1 : 250,000); Profile 
der Eavptstra-^sen in den oetterreichischen Alpenldndern. by Jaj^er and Seeger, 
in 16 sheets at 55 h. each (togefher 7 Ji); Lechner's Tourenkarten in 10 sheets 
at 1 Jl TS pf- each; Mitlelbach's Strassenprofilkavte von Detitschland und Oester- 
reich (1 : cOO,000) in 82 sheets at IV2 «* each; fieptag's Radfahrer-Karten 
(1:30(J,C00) in 60 sheets &i i Jl Zb pf. each (Alpine districts, sheets 23-30): 
Raventtein-t Radfahrer-KarU fiir die Ost-Alpen (1 : cCO,000) in 2 sheets at 3 jf 
each ; Brvnn't Touren-Karte von Oberbayem, Nordtirol, und Salzburg {2 Jflb-pf.}. 


VI. Conveyances. 

Kailwav Travblling in Germany is less expensive than in most 
other parts' of Europe, and the carriages are generally clean and 
comfortably fitted up; hut in Austria the fares are somewhat higher 
and the carriages inferior. The second-class carriages , provided 
with spring-seats , are often better than those of the first class in 
England. Smoking is allowed in all the carriages, except those 'Fiir 
Nichtraucher' and the coupes for ladies. The speed seldom exceeds 
25 M. per hour, and as the railways are generally well organised and 
under the supervision of government, accidents are happily rare. No 
one is admitted to the platform without either a railway-ticket or a 
ipXitform - ticket (Bahnsteiykarte). Hand -luggage is free, but the 
heavier luggage must be booked and a ticket procured for it ; and 
this being done, the traveller need be under no apprehension, as it 
will be kept in safe custody at its destination until he presents his 
ticket, When a frontier has to be crossed the traveller is strongly 
recommended to keep his luggage with him, and to superintend the 
custom-house examination in person. — English money is occasion- 
ally refused at the Austrian ticket-offices, and the traveller should 
therefore always be provided with a sufficient store of Austrian or 
German money. 

Diligences, caAledi ^Eilwagen'' or 'Mallepostes in Austria, gener- 
ally carry three passengers only, two in the inside and one in the 
coupe. The latter alone affords a tolerable survey of the scenery, 
and should if possible be secured. In much-frequented districts it is 
frequently engaged several days beforehand. The guards, who are 
often retired non-commissioned officers, are generally well-informed 
and obliging. The usual quantity of luggage allowed to each pass- 
enger does not exceed 20 lbs., overweight being charged for by 
tariff. Passengers are sometimes required to book their luggage two 
hours before the time of starting, or even on the previous evening. 
— The old 'St€llwag€n\ formerly the chief means of transit in Tyrol, 
has now been superseded by the more comfortable Omnibus. On 
nearly all the chief routes Post Omnibuses or Mail Coaches now run, 
with relays of horses at the different stages. The best places are the 
cabriolet and the coup^j and travellers should secure their seats in 
good time. — Motor Omnibuses also ply on several routes. 

Extra-Post. The usual tariff in Austria for a carriage-and-pair 
for four persons with moderate luggage is about iO K. per stage of 
15 kilometres (93/8 Engl. M.). For a party of four persons posting 
is cheaper than travelling by diligence, and of course pleasanter. — 
In engaging Peivate Cakeiages the stipulation should always be 
made that the fare includes all tolls. 


Vn. Haps. 

The maps contained in the Handbook will meet the requirements 
of all ordinary travellers , but the mountaineer and the pedestrian 
may occasionally desire to consult others on a larger scale. The best 
of these are enumerated below. 

Bavaria. Topographischer Atlas von Bayern (1 : 50,000; i^j^'^ 
per sheet, copper-plate 3 J(, monn tain-sheets in colours l^'o Jf). — 
Topographische Karte von Bayern (1 : 25,000; 1 Jf per sheet). All 
the sheets of the Alpine districts have been issued. — Karte des 
Deutschen Reiches (1 : 100,000), 50 pf. per sheet, in colours 75 pf., 
copper-plate i^/o Jl- Southern Bavaria occupies 18 sheets (the 
frontier-sheets contain also the adjoining Austrian districts). 

AusTBiA. The Spezialkarte der osterreichisch - ungarischen Mon- 
archies published by the Imperial Military-Geographical Institute 
of Vienna (1:75,000; 1 ujf per sheet, on cloth 1 .^80pf.), embraces 
not only the Austrian Alps but also the adjoining parts of Bavaria 
and Italy. A number of sheets have been published with the Marked 
Paths in colours (1 .^ 40 or 2jf 20 pf.). The Imperial MUitary 
Geographical Institute has begun also to issue a series of Topo- 
graphical Detail Maps (1 : 50,000), with the marked paths in colours 
(each sheet 3 A". 40 A.). — Freytag's Tour isten - Wand erkarten 
(1 : 100,000), showing the marked paths in colours (13 sheets at 
2 K. each, on cloth 2 K. 80 h.). 

Italy. The Carta topografica del Regno d' Italia (1 : 75,000; 1 fr. 
per sheet) is published by the Keale Instituto Geograflco Militare. 

Other first-class special maps are the following, published by 
the German and Austrian Alpine Club (scale 1 : 50,000) : Zillertaler 
Alpen (2 sheets, 2^ each), Venediger-Gruppe (2 Jif), Kaisergebirge 
(1 Ulf), Berchtesgadener Land{pJf}, Karwendelgruppe(2Jf), Gross- 
glocknergruppe (2 tV/), Ortlergruppe (2 Jf)^ Sonnblick und Vmge- 
bung (1 ty^), Oetztaler Alpen (4 sheets, 2 Ji each), Schlern and Rosen- 
garten(2Jf)f Ferwallgruppe (2,/4f), Adamello and Presanella Oruppe 
(2 Jif)y Rieserftrner-Gruppe (1 ^^, and Ankogel- Hochalmspitz- 
Gruppe (2,.^). On the scale 1 : 25,000: Schlern and Rosengarten- 
Gruppe (2 ^ff), Langkofel and Sella-Gruppe (2 Jf), Marmolata- 
Oruppe (2 Jf), Allgduer and Lechtaler Alpen (2 sheets, 2 Jf each), 
and Brenta-Gruppe (3 J/). Also (scale 1 : 100,000) Dolomiten-Karte 
(E. and W. sheets 2 Jf each). The prices given are those for 
members of Alpine Clubs; the booksellers charge double. 

Vin. Hotels. 

Little variation occurs in the accommodation and charges of 
flrst-class hotels in the principal towns and watering-places through- 
out Germany and Austria ; but it frequently happens that in old- 
fashioned hotels of unassuming exterior the traveller finds as much 
real comfort as in the modern establishments , while the charges 

xivi Vra. HOTELS. 

are much lower. The best houses of both descriptions are therefore 
enumerated in the Handbook. 

Where the traveller remains for a week or more at an hotel , it 
is advisable to pay, or at least call for his account every two or 
three days, in order to obviate the risk of erroneous insertions. 
Verbal reckonings are objectionable. A waiter's mental arithmetic 
is apt to be faulty , and his mistakes are seldom in favour of the 
traveller. A habit too often prevails of presenting the bill at the 
last moment, when no time is left for the detection of errors or wil- 
ful impositions. Those who purpose starting early in the morning 
will do well to ask for their bills on the previous evening. 

A peculiarity of many of the Austrian inns is that they have a 
Oastzimmer' for the humbler classes on the groundfloor , while the 
Salle h Manger for more distinguished visitors is on the first floor. 
The viands and liquors supplied in these apartments are gener-' 
ally the same , while the charges difler considerably. Pedestrians 
and travellers of moderate requirements will find the country inns 
in S. Germany and the German parts of Tyrol very reasonable, 
5-6s. a day being generally sufficient to include every item. In 
the Italian districts, however, the charges are higher by about one- 
half, and larger gratuities are expected by the attendants. Trav- 
ellers about to explore very remote districts are recommended to 
take a supply of tea, coffee, or chocolate with them. Where there 
are no inns, accommodation may generally be obtained at the cur^s 
on reasonable terms. 

The Post Inns are generally good. Those patronised by the 
'Stellwagen' are very inferior, although convenient for persons tra- 
velling by these vehicles, especially when encumbered with luggage. 

Some of the Austrian dishes have curious names; e.g. 'Garniertes 
Kindfleisch' or 'Feines Kindfleish\ boiled beef with various vegetables, 
usually very good; 'Gulyas', Hungarian baked meat, peppered; 'Paprika- 
huhn", fowl prepared in a similar way; 'Jungfernbraten'', roast pork with 
juniper-berries; 'Matrosen-Braten'', 'Gedampfter Spitz', 'Ofener Braten', 
'Husaren-Braten', varieties of stewed beef ; 'Ungarisches Rebhuhn', pickled 
veal; 'Fisolen', beans; 'Heurige Erdapfel', new potatoes; 'Carfiol', cauli- 
flower; 'Kren\ horse-radish; 'Aspic\ jelly; 'Risibisi', rice and peas; 
'Beuscher, calves' lungs in vinegar; 'Junges Wild', ragout or entrails of 
game, etc. ; 'Kaiserfleisch', smoked sucking-pig; 'Krenfleisch', stewed pork 
with horse-radish; 'Frankfurter', small boiled sausages. — Cold dishes 
and whets are grouped under the heading *Hors d'oeuvres' or 'Assietten'. — 
Among favourite sweet dishes are: 'Strudel mit Roster', thin pastry with 
steamed plums; 'Schmarrn' a kind of pastry; 'Bohmische Dalken', pastry 
with stewed plums (p6wedel); 'Topfenhaluska', dumplings with curds; 
'Koch', souflFl^. 

Table-wine is served in open bottles (V4 litre) or in glasses, and is 
usually drunk mixed with soda-water (syphon) or other mineral water. 
'Ein achtel gespritzt' means Vs litre of wine with Vs litre of soda-water; 
'doppelV or 'voll gespritzt' means with twice the quantity of soda-water. 

English travellers often impose considerable trouble by ordering 
things almost unknown in German usage , and are apt to become 
involved in disputes owing to their ignorance of the language. They 


hould therefore endeavour to learn enough of the language to render 
them intelligible to the servants, and as far as possible to conform 
to the habits of the country. 

IX. Post and Telegraph Offices. 

Postal Rates. Austria, Hungary, and Bosnia each have postage- 
stamps of their own. Ordinary Letters within Austria - Hungary, 
Bosnia, and Germany, 10 h. per 20 grammes (2/3 oz.); for foreign 
countries. 25 h. per 15 grammes (l/o oz.). Registered Letters 25 h. 
more. — Post Cards 5 /»., for abroad lO h. ; reply post-cards 10 and 

20 h. — Letter Cards 6 h. (for correspondence within any one town), 
10 h., and 20 h. — Stamps may be purchased at most tobacco-shops. 
Foreigners should be careful not to put Austrian stamps on letters 
mailed in Hungary, or vice versa. 

Telbgkams. The charge for a telegram within Austria-Hungary, 
Bosnia, and Germany is 6 h. per word (minimum 60 /i.). For each 
foreign telegram a charge of 60 h. is made plus the following rates 
per word: Great Britain and Ireland 26^.; Belgium or Denmark 

21 /j. ; France 16 h. ; Italy 8-16 ft.; Switzerland 9/i.; Netherlands 
l9/». ; Norway 32 /».; Russia or Sweden 24 h. ■ Turkey 28 h.; Canada 
1 K. 50 h.i United States of N. A. 1 K. 50-2 K. 50 h. 

X. Vocabulary 

Ach, Ache (Ger.), brook, torrent. 

Atp^ or Alpe (Ger.), a mountain- 
pasture, usually with a 'Senn- 
hiitte' or chalet. 

AlpenglUhen (Ger.), glow on the 
mountains after sunset. 

Arete (Fr. ; Ger. Grat), a sharp 
and precipitous ridge. 

Bauer (Ger.), peasant; often ap- 
plied to a small mountain-farm, 
as well as to its owner. 

Bergschrund (Ger.), a chasm or 
gulf between the n^ve, or snow 
at the head of a glacier, and 
the snow that remains attach- 
ed to the rock itself. 

Boden (Ger.), the floor or level 
part of a valley. 

Cheminee (Fr. ; Ger. Kamiri), a 
narrow and precipitous gully. 

Cima (Ital.), summit, peak. 

Col (Fr.), a depression in a moun- 

of Alpine Terms. 

tain - ridge , the culminating 
point of a pass. 

Couloir (Fr.), a gully tilled with 

Crampons (Fr. ; Ger. Steigeisen^, 
climbing-irons, attached to the 
feet to facilitate an ascent over 
hardened snow. 

Crevasse (Fr.), a rift or fissure in 
a glacier. 

Femer (Ger.), glacier, snow- 

Firn (Ger. ; Fr. neve), the frozen 
snow on the upper part of a 

Glacier Mill, a vertical opening 
in a glacier, with a stream, 
formed by the melting of the ice 
on the surface, falling into it. 

Glacier Tables, slabs of rock on 
a glacier, which protect the ice 
below them from the infiuence 


of the sun, while the surround- 
ing ice dissolves. 

(rletscher (Ger.), glacier. 

(iletscherschliff (Ger,), glacier- 
action, striation ; also applied 
to rock striated, polished, or 
furrowed by glacier-action. 

Grat^ see Arete. 

Hof (Ger.), farm-house, hamlet. 

fl^om (Ger.), peak, sharp summit. 

Hutte (Ger.), hut, chalet. 

Ice- fall (Fr. Sirac\ the exten- 
sive fracture in a glacier occa- 
sioned by a sudden change of 
level in its bed. 
' Joch (Ger., 'yoke'), mountain- 

Kamin, see Cheminee. 

Kees (Tyrol), glacier. 

Kessel (Ger., 'kettle', * cauldron'), 
a mountain-basin. 

KLamrn (Ger.), a cleft, a gorge. 

Klause (Ger.), a defile. 

Kofel., Kogel, Kopf (Ger.), moun- 

Lawine (Ger.), avalanche. The 
Staub-Lawine ('dust- avalan- 
che') is formed of loose, fresh- 
fallen snow ; the Grund-La- 
wine, which occurs in spring, 
is more compact and conse- 
quently more destructive. 

Loch (Ger., 'hole'), a cavern, a 

Malga (Ital.), same as Alp. 

Massif (Fr,), a mountain-mass, 
the solid rock or foundation of 
a mountain. 

Moraine (Fr.), heaps of rock and 
rubble or detritus at the margin 
of a glacier. Lateral Moraines^ 
those on each side of the ice- 
stream. Medial Moraines ^ those 
in the middle of large glaciers 
formed by the junction of two 
smaller ones. Terminal Mor- 
aines, the deposits of rubbish 
at the foot of a glacier. 

Mulde (Ger., 'trough'), hollow or 

Neve, see Fim. 

Sasso (Ital.), rock, rocky moun- 

Sattel (Ger.), saddle, depression 
in a ridge (comp. Col and JocK). 

Scharte (Ger.), gap, pass. 

Schrund (Ger.), same as Crevasse. 

Senner (Ger.), Alpine herdsman. 

Sennhiltte (Ger.), chalet. 

Serac (Fr.), see Ice- fall. 

Spitze (Ger.), a peak, pointed 

Stock, Gebirgsstock (Ger.), same 
as Massif. 

Tauem (Ger.), the name of the 
principal chain of the E. Alps, 
also applied in Tyrol and Styria 
to the passes over it. 

Tor, Tori (Ger.), the culmin- 
ating point of a pass ; similar 
to Joch. 

Tobel (Ger.), a gorge. 

Vedretta (Ital.), a glacier. 

Wand (Ger., 'wall'), mountain- 
slope, precipice. 


1. Munich 4 

Eovirons: Nymphenburg; Schleissheim ; Grosshesse- 
lohe, 14. 

2. Starnberger See. Hohe Peissenberg. Ammersee. . . 15 

Schloss Berj;, 15. — Rottmannshohe, 16. — From Peissen- 
berg to Saulgrub, 17. — Andechs, 18. — From Weil- 
heim to Mering, 19. 

3. From Munich to Lindau 19 

From Kaufering to Schongau. 19. — From Augsburg to 
Buchloe, 20. — Mariatierg. Bleader. Excursions from 
Immenstadt. Immeustadter Horn. Steineberg. Stuiben, 

21. — Excursions from Oberstaufen. From Rotenbach 
to the Pfander via Scheideg? and to Bregenz via Weiler, 

22. — Excursions from Lindau. Bad Schacben, Linden- 
hof, Wasserburg, Hoierberg. 23. 

4. From Immenstadt to Oberstdorf. The Allgau Alps . 24 

Griinten, 24. — Excursions from Oberstdorf. Faltenbach 
Waterfall. Kiihberg. Hofmannsruhe. Jauchenkapf. Was- 
ach. Tiefenbach. Sturmanns-Hohle. Zwingsteg andWalser 
Schanze. Breitach-Klamm. Freiberg-See. Spielmannsau. 
HoUtobel. Geisalp Lakes. Oytal, Birgsau, 35-23. —Mountain 
Ascents from Oberstdorf. Nebelhorn. Sollereck. Fellhorn. 
Muttler. Rauheck. Kreuzeck. Hofats. Gp. Krottenkopf. 
HochvogeL Madelegabel. Hochfruttspitze. Trettucbspitze. 
Hohe Licht. Heilbronner Weg. Biberkopf. Linkerskopf. 
Hohe Ifen, 29. — From Oberstdorf to the Lechtal via the 
Madele-Joch <t via the Hornbaoh-.Toch, 30, 31. — Kauf- 
beurer Hau?. Urbeleskarspitze. Schrofen Pass. Halden- 
wangereck, 31. — Grosse Steinscharte. Gentschel-Joch, 
From Oberstdorf to Hittisau via Rohrmoos, 32. 

0. From Immenstadt to Reutte via Tannheim 32 

Iseler. Duumen. Hinterstein. Eisenbreche. Geishorn. 
Jubilaums-Weg. Hochvugel. 33. — From Hinterstein to 
Oberstdorf over the Zeiger Or the Himmeleck. From 
Hinterstein to Tannheim over the Schafwanne or the 
Kirchdach-Scharte. Vil«alp-Sce. Traualp-See, 34. — 
Schochenspitze. Tannheiraer Hiitte, 35. 

6. From Kempten to Reutte via Pfronten 85 

Wertach. Excarsiona from Nesselwang. Edelsberg, 36. — 
Excursions from Pfronten. Astha; Fallmiihle ; Falken- 
atein-, Edelsberg; Aggenstein, 36. 37. — Reintal. Ottu- 
ilayr-Hutte. Schlicke, 37. 

7. From Biessenhofeu to Reutte via Fiissen. Hohen- 
schwangau ' . . 38 

Environs of Fiissen, 39. — Neu-Schwanatein and Environs. 
Over the Schutzensteig to Linderbof. Tegelberg. Sau- 
ling. Hocbplatte, 41. 

8. From Reutte to Imst or Telfs via the Fern Pass. . . 42 

Stuiben Falls. Tauern. Heiterwang-See, 43. — Seeben-See. 
Cobur^er Hiitte. Biberwierer Scharte. Griinstein-Scharte. 
Upaspitze. Zugspitze. Schneefemerkopf, 44. — Aelples- 
kopf. Wannig, 45. — From Nassereit to Telfa via Ober- 
Mieming. Simmering. Griinstein. Griesspitzen. Alpl- 
h»us. From Ober-Mieming to Stams or Telfs, 45, 46. 

Baedeker's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 1 


9. From xMunich to Garmisch-Partenkircheii 46 

Heimgarten. Herzogstand. From Eschenlohe to the 
Walchensee through the Eschen-Talj to the Krotfenkopf, 
47. — Excursions from Partenkirchen. St. Anton. Fauken- 
Schlucht. Gschvvandner Bauer, Riaser See, 49. — 3Iaxi- 
milianshohe. Werdenfels. Pllegersee. Kuhflucht. Partnach- 
Klamm. Grai^eck. Eckbauer, 50. — Reintal -Hospiz. 
Kreuzeck-Haus. Hochalm. Hollental-Klamm,61. — Rififel- 
Scharte. Badersee. Eibsee. Wank. Kramer. Krottenkopf, 
52. — Schachen-Alp. Meiler-Hutte. Dreitorspitze. Muster- 
stein. Alpspit/.e, 53. — Hochblassen. Zugspitze, 54. — 
Schneefernerkopf. Hochwanner. From Partenkirchen to 
Mittenwald via Elmau; to theWalchensee. FromGarmisch 
to Lermoos. From the EihseeovertheTorlento Ehrwald,55. 

10. From Munich to Fiissen via Ober-Ammergau and 
Linderhof 56 

a. From Munich to Ober-Ammergau 66 

b. From Ober-Ammergau to Linderhof and Fiissen. . 57 
From the Plansee to Partenkirchen, 58. 

11. From Partenkirchen via Mittenwald to Zirl (Innsbruck) 59 

Excursions from Mittenwald, Lautersee. Ferchensee. 
Schachen. Leutasch-Klamm. Kranzberg. Leutasch-Tal. 
Hochmunde. Gaistal. Vereins-Alpe. W. Karwendelspitze. 
Wcirner. Schottelkarspitze. Arnspitze, 60, 61. — Kar- 
wendel-Tal, Hifiterau-Tal. Haller Anger-Haus, 62. — La- 
fatscher-Joch. Gleiersch-Tal. Erl-.Sattel. Stempel-Joch. 
Reitherspitze. From Seefeld to Telfs via Mosern, 63. 

12. From Munich to Mittenwald via Kochel. Walchensee. 64 

a. Isartal Railway from Munich to Kochel 64 

b. From Munich to Kochel and Mittenwald via Tutzing 65 
From Staltach to Murnau over the Aidlinger Hohe, 65. — 
Benediktenwand. Schlehdorf, 66. — Herzogstand. Heim- 
garten. Jochberg, 67. — Barmsee. Schottelkarspitze, 63. 

13. From Munich to Bad Tolz and Mittenwald 68 

Excursions from Bad Tolz. Blomberg. Zwiesel. Buchberg, 
69, 70. — From Bad Tolz via Heilbrunn to Bichl; to the 
Walchensee via Jachenau, 70.— Excursions from Lenggries. 
Benediktenwand. Brauneck. Kirchstein. Geigerstein. 
Fockenstein. Kampen. Seekarkreuz. Rossstein and Buch- 
stein. SchoDberg,70, 71, — Hochalpe. From Fall to Achen- 
wald. Diirrach-Klamm. Lerchkogel. Scharfreiter, 71, — 
Riss. Rental. Tortal. Schonalpen-Joch. Falken,etc. Ladiz 
and Lalider-Tal. Over the Plumser Joch to Pertisau, 72. — 
From Vorder-Riss by the Soiern Lakes to Mittenwald, 73. 

14. From Munich to Tegernsee and to Jenbach via the 
Achensee 73 

Kaltenbrunn,73. — Excursions from Tegernsee. Pfliegelhof. 
Parapluie. Leeberger. Bauer in der Au, Freihaus. Falls of 
the Rottach. Neureut. Riederstein. Baumgartenschneid. 
Hirschberg. Wallberg. Risserkogel, 74-76. — Excursions 
from Kreuth. Wolfsschlucht. Gais Alp. Konigs-Alp. 
Schildenstein. Schinder. Rossstein, 76, 77. — Hochalpe. 
Juifen, 77. — Fnnu Achenkirch to Steinberg, GuflFert, 
Unniitz. 78. — Spieljoch. Kolhalpen-Joch. Kloben-Joch. 
Seekarspitze. Hochplatte. Balrenkopf. Sonnjoch. From 
Pertisau to Hiuter-Riss over the Grammai-Joch and to 
Schwaz over the Stanser- Joch, 79. — Erfurter Hiitte. 
Hochiss. Rofan. Soonwendioch, 80. 


15. From Munich to Knf stein via Scbliersee and Bayrisch- 

Zell 80 

SUdelberg. From Miesbach to Birkenstein. Schliersberg. 
From Schliersee to Tegernsee, 81. — From Neuhaus to 
Falepp. Spitzingsee. From Falepp to Brixlegg; to Landl 
bv the Elend Alp. Brecherspitze. Bodenschneid. Jager- 
kamp. Rotwand,82. — Miesing. Auerspitze. Wendelstein. 
From Keuhaus to Tegernsee by the Kiihzagel, 83. — 
Traithen. Hinteres Sonnwendjoch. From Bayrisch-Zell 
to Oberaudorf. From Landl to Falepp via the Ackern 
Alp. Vorder-Tiersee, 84. 

16. From Munich to Kufstein via Rosenheim oO 

From Graflng to Wasserburg; to Glonn,85. — From Munich 
to Rosenheim via Holzkirchen. From Aibling to Feiln- 
bach. Wendelstein. Breitenstein. Neubeuern. Nussdorf. 
Heuberg. Hochries. 86. — E.vcursion? from Brannenburg. 
Rambold-Platte. Wendelstein. Excursions from oberau- 
dorf. Kranzhorn. Spitzstein. Briinnstein, 87. — Traithen. 
Trains-Joch. 88. 

17. From Munich to Salzburg. Chiemsee ob 

Schloss Herrnchiemsee, SS. — Seeon. Aschau. Kampen- 
wand, 89. — From Aschau to Kufstein vi;i Sachrang. 
Bernau. Wildbad Adelhol/en. Max-Hutte. Hochfelln, 
90. — Hochgern. Excursions from Traunstein. Empfing. 
Hochberg. Hochhorn. Waging. From Traunstein to 
Reichenhall via Inzell; to Troatberg, 91. 

18. From Uebersee to Reit im Winkel and via Ruhpolding 

to Traunstein ""^ 

Excursions from Marquartstein. Schnappen - Kapelle. 
Hochgern. Hochplatte, 92. — From Marquartstein to 
Kossen via Schleching! Geigelstein. Pass Klobenstein. 
Excursions from Reit im Winkel. Miiser-Alpe, Fellhorn, 
93. — Winkelmoos Alp. From Reit im Winkel to Traun- 
stein via Ruhpolding. Seehauser Kienberg. Diirrnbach- 
horn. Staubfall. Urschlau. Rauachberg, 94. — 3Iaria- 
Eck. Teisenberg, 95. 

19. From Munich to Reichenhall • "& 

Excursions from Reichenhall. St. Zeno. Gross-Gmain. 
Bavrisch-Gmain. Alpgarten. Nonn. Padinger-Alpe. List- 
aee. Molkenbaner. Jettenberg. Karkopf. Thumsee. Maut- 
hausl. Anger. Stoisser Alpe. Zwiesel. Hochstauffen, 97-99. 

20. Berchtesgaden and Environs "" 

a. From Reichenhall to Berchtesgaden 99 

b. From Salzburg to Berchtesgaden 100 

Lockstein. Brine Conduit. Aachauer Weiher. Konigs- 
Weg. Gem. Kneifelapitze. Bischofswiesen. Kastenstein, 

iUS. — Bockl -Weiher. Boschberg. Schlossbichl. Gem. 
Schonau. Konigs-See, 104. — Gotzen Alp. From the 
Konigs-See to Golling across the Torrener Joch. Obere- 
Salzberg. Gohlstein. Vorderbrand. Scharitzkehl Alp, 

106. — Almbach-Klamm. Au. Tote Mann. Griinstein, 

107. — Bossfeld. Jenner. Hohe Brett Schneibstein. 
Kahlersberg. Untersberg. Watzmann, 108. — Hohe Gcill. 
SteinemeMeer. Karlinger-Haus. 109. — Soldenkopfl. Wim- 
bach-Tal. Hundstod. Ramsau, 110. — Wartatein. Mordau- 
Alm. Blaneis Glacier. Edelweisslahnerkopf. Stadelhom, 
111. — Hochkalter. Hirschbichl. Kammerlinghorn. Hoch- 
eisspitze. Kleine Hirschbichl. Seisenberg-Klamm, 112. 


1. Munich.' 

Railway Stations. 1. <'.knteal Railway Station (PI. D, E, 5, II; 
"Restaurant), the terminus for most lines. The omnibuses of the larger 
hotels meet the trains here (80 pf-l J(). — 2 Isaktal Railway Station 
(PI. D, S, /; Restaurant), for the local line to Wolfratshausen and Kochel 
(p. 64). — 3, 4. SocTHEBN Station (PI. D, 8, T) and IIastekn Station 
(PI. H, 7; /), supplementary stations of little importance to tourists. — 
Porter from the station to a cab, '20 pf. up to 110 lbs., 4U pf. up to 220 lbs. ; 
from the Central Station into the town, small articles 20-30 pf., trunk 
under 110 lbs. 40-60 pf., etc. — Cabs, see p. 5. 

Hotels (rooms should be engaged beforehand in the season). ' Vier 
Jahreszeiten (Four Seasons; PI. a, F 6, II), Maximilian-Str., 240 R. at 6-12, 
B. l'/2, dej. 4, D. 6, S. 31/2 UT; Grand-Hotel Continental (PI. e, E 5 ; //), 
Otto-Str. 6, 160 R. from 'n, B. IV2, dej. 4, D. 6 U(f; "^Regina Palast Hotel 
(PI. r p, Eoj //), Maximiliaus-Platz 5, 240 R. at 5-15, B. I'/z, dej. 3, D. 5, 
S. 3V-2, pens, from 10 Jt (60 baths); 'Bayerisoheii Hor (PI. b, F .'i; //), 
Pr imenade-PIatz 19, 310 R. at 5-25, B. I'/a, D. 4, S. 31/2 Jl; 'Rdssisciier 
H(.K (PI. fir, E 4; //;, utto-Str. 4, 80 R. at 4-12, D. 4 Jf. — Bellevue (PI. c, 
E 5; //), Karls-Platz, 160 R. at 3-7, D. 3-'t J( ; •Kheinisciikr Hof (PI. d, 
E 6; 11), Baver-Str. 23, 200 R. at 4 8, D. 3-5 J(: 'Grand-Hotel Lein- 
iKLDER (PI. g, E 5; II), Lenbach-Platz 9, 135 R. at 3-6, D. 3V2 Ji; *Pauk 
Hotel (PI. k, E 5; II), Maximilians- Platz 21, 160 H. at 3V2-12, D. i J( ; 
Marienbad (PI. h, E 5; 11), Barer-Str. 11, R. 3V2-5, D. 3'/2 Jt. with garden 
and baths; 'Grand -Hotel Gkunwald (PI. w, E 5-, //), Dachauer-Str. 3, 
300 R. at 2Vr4, B. 1 ^. — *Englischer Hof (TPl. f, F 6; II), Diener-Str. 11, 
[{. 3-6, D. 3 J(; "Hotel de lEdrope (PI. 1, E 6; //), at the station, R. 
2"2-6, B. IJf 20 pf.; Hotel Savoy, Herzog-Wilhelm-Str. 32 (PI. n, E b; 77), 
130 R. at 21/2-4, B. 1 Jl; Hotel Peterhof, Marien-Platz (PI. q, F 6; 77); 
Hotel Rheinpfalz (PI. s, E B ; 77), Sonnen-Str. 4; Hotel Reichshof (PI. u, 
E 6; 77), Sonneu-Str. 15, good; Kaiserhof (PI. p, E 5; 77), Schiitzen- 
Str. 12; Hotel Maximilian (Pi. i, F 5, 6; 77), Maximilian-Str. 44; Hotel 
Max Emanuel (PI. k, F O; 77). Promenade-Platz; Ueotschkr Kaiseb (PI. r, 
E 5; 77), 395 beds at 2-5, B. ij( ; 'Hotel Wolff (PI. 6, E 5; 77), •Hotel 
National Simmen (PI. a, D 5; 77), Central-Hotel (PI A, D 5; 77), Sacji- 
sischer Hof (PI. t, D 5; 77), all in the Arnulf-Str., to the N. of the Central 
Station; Hotel Schottenhamel (PI. v, E 5; 77), Prielmayer-Str. ; Hotel 
I NioN (Roman Catholic Casino; PI. 0, E 5, 77), Barer-Str. 7, 70 beds :.t 3-5, 
B. 1, pens. 7-12 J( ; Hotel Stachds (PI. m. E 6 ; 77), 'Roter Hahn (PI. y, E. b ; 
77), Hotel Royal (PI. p. E 6; 77). all three in the KarL-'-Platz ; -'Dedtscher 
Hof (PL t, B 6; 77), Karls-Tor; Hotel Habsbdkg (Pi. 1, E 6; 77), Bayer- 
Str. 9; Hotel Wagner (PI. «, K6; 77), Sonnen-Str. 21; Herzog Heinrich, 
at the corner of Landwehr-Str. and Mathilden-Str. (PI. E 6), R. from IV2 Jf, 
well spokeu of; Ring-Hotel (PI. »?i, E 6; 77), Sendlingertor-Plaiz; Bam- 
berger Hof (PI. o, D 5; 77), Neuhauser-Str. ; Germania, at the corner of 
Senefelder-Str. and Schwanthaler-Str. ; Frankischer Hof, Senefelder-Str. ; 
Ubei Raben (PI. ?, E 6 ; 77), Schiller-Str. 6; Hotel Gassner (PI. c, E 6 ; 77), 
Metropol (Pi. d, D 6; 77). Teruinds, Post (PI. e, D 6; 77), Wittelsbach 
(PI. /, D 6; 77), all in the Bayer-Str.; Sciiweizer Hof (PI. x, E 5; 77), 
Louisen-Str. 1; Kronprinz (PI. z, E 6) , Zweig-Str. 10; Goldnes Lamm, 
Zweig-Str. 4; Christliohk.s Hospiz, Mathilden-Str. 5 (PI. E, 6; II), all 
these near the Central Station. 

Gafes-Bestaurants (beer in aU ; comp. also the hotels and beer-saloons). 
Luitpold, Brienuer-Str. 8; Kiinstlerhaus, Maximilians-Platz 2i; Netie Bdrse, 
Maximilians -Platz S; Hoftheater , Residenz-Str. 12 (Max- Joseph -Platz); 
Kaiserhof^ bchiitzen-Str. 12; Viktoria, Maximilian-Str.; Thomasbran, Kau- 
finger-Str. 15; Beck, Odeons - Platz ; Deutscher Hof, Karls-Tor; Deutschet 
Theater, Schwanthaler-Str. 13; Modern, Theresien-Str. 78a; Deutsches Haus, 
Sophien-8tr. 1 a. — Automatic Restaurants^ Bayer-Str. 7 a, Neuhauser-Str. 3 etc. 

t For farther details see Baedeker's Southern Germany, 11th edit., 1910. 

Practical Notes. MUNICH. /. Route 1. O 

Wine Saloons (also restaurants). Schleich, Brienner-Str. 6; Restaurant 
Francois (Cafe Luitpold), Brienner-Str. S; RaUkeller, Diener-Sir. •, Ehers- 
pacher^ Pfandhaus Str. 7 ; A'etmer, Herzogspital-Sjr 20; Eckel d- Cie., Biirg- 
Str. 17; Biirl^heimer, SporerStr. 2; Riidesheimer, Promenade-Platz 15; Kurtz, 
Angus iner-Str. 1; Michel, Rosen-Str. 11 (Hungrarian wines); Torggelhaus, in 
the Platzl, near the Hofbrauhaus; Bodega. Theatiner-Str 47. 

Beer. Ho/brduhaus. in the Platzl (PI. K, 5;/7), the most famous of Bavarian 
beer-houses (in tlie large room mural paintings by Ferd. Wagner). Biirger- 
brdu, Kaufinger-Str. »i ; Paiilanerbruu . Kaufinger-Str. 11 and 12; Psc'wrr- 
brdu, Neubauser-Sir. 11; Mathaser Bierhallen, Bayer-Str. 5; AugvsUnerbrdu, 
>euhauser-Str. 11; Bauemgirgl, Residenz-Str. 20, etc. — The laige 'liier- 
keller' outside the gates als ) attract numerot's visitors in summer (over- 
cuats advisable). Ldwenbrdn - Keller (P). H, 2), Stiglmayer -Piatz (military 
k>and in the evening); Avgustiner- Keller. Herbst-Str. 1; Backer-Keller and 
Bavaria- Keller , Therejienhohe; Ho/brduhaus- Keller, Framiskantr- Keller, 
Biirgerbrdu-KeUei-, etc., on the right bank of the Isar. 

Cafes (many closed in the evening): Regina Palast Hotel (p. 4); Cafi 
Parade, Ludwig-Str. 4; Odeon, Brienner-Str. .06; Luitpold, Brienner-Str. 8; 
Prim-Regent, Prinz-Regenten-Slr. 4 ; three cafes in the Ilof- Garten; Palast- 
Cafi, Theatiner-Str. 16; Perzel . Marien-Platz 13; Karh-Tor, Fahrig, Neu- 
bauser-Str., at the Karls-Tor; Bdrsen-Cafi, Maflei-Str. 3; Gcuteig, near the 
Maximilianeum; etc. 

Theatres. Hof-und- National- Theater (PI. F 5, //; p. 8), performances 
(operas and plays) almost daily (closed in July) ; parquet (stalls) 5-12 Jl. — 
Reiidenz-Thi'ater (PI. F 5, //; p. 8), performances on Sun., Tues., Thurs., 
and 8at.; parqnet 5-10^. — Prinz- Regenten- Theater (PI. H, 5, 6, 77). 
Wagner operas in .-Vug. and Sept.; seat 10 Jl. — Gartner - Plat z Theater 
(PI. F, 6, 7, 7; p. 13), performances daily; parquet 2-4 Jf. — Sthauspitl- 
haus, Maximilian -Str. U (PL F, H; 77); parquet 2V2-4 Jf. — Kiinstler- 
Tfieater (PI. C, 6; 7), in the Exhibition Park (p. 14; in summer). — Lust- 
spielhaus, Au;u8ten-Str. 89 (PI. E, 4, 5; IF}. — Volks-Theater, Josefspital- 
Str. 10a (PI. E »i ; 77). — Marionette Theatre, Blumen-Str C'9a. — Seas in 
the Hof and National, the Residenz, and the Gartner-Platz Theatres m:iy 
be bonked beforehand in the Old Academy Building, Neuhau^er - Str. 51 
(open 8-4; booking- fee 80 pf'.). — Variety Theatres. Deutsches Theater, 
Schwanthaler-Str. 13 (PI. E, 6; 77); KiPs Kolosteum, Kolosseum -Str. 4 
(PI. E, 7; 77); Blumensdle, Blumen-Str. 29 (PI- E, F, 7; 77); Apollo-Theater 
(PI. D, E, 5; 77), Dachauer-Str. 19; E6tel Wagner - Singspielhaus, Sonnen- 
Str. 21 (PI. E, 6: 77); etc. 

Art Exhibitions. Annual Exhibition in the Crystal Palace (p. 12), 
from Ist June to Slst Oct.. daily 9-6; 1 Jl. — Exhibition of the Munich '■Seces- 
sion^ in the Exhibition Building (p. 12), daily in summer, 9-6; 1 Jl. — 
Exhibition of the Miinchener Kiinstler- Genossenschaft in the German Museum 
(p. 10). daily !t-6; 60 pf. — Other exhibitions: H. Thannhavser, MafTei- 
Str. ; Heinemann, Lenbach-Platz 5 0- Jf); lAttauer, Odeons-Platz 2: Wimmer 
A Co., Brienner-Str. 3, etc. — Art Union or Kwiftverein (p. 8), daily ex- 
cept Frid. 9-6; 1 Jf. — Kunstgewerbe-Havs (industrial art), Pfandbaus-Str. 7 
(PI. E 5, 77; adm. free). 

Baths. " Stddti.oches Karl Mnllerbad (PI. G, 6; 77), Ludwigs-Briicke ; 
Konigliches Hofbad (PI. F, 6; 77), Kanal-Str. 19, Luixenbad, Luisen-Str. 67, 
both with .'^wimming-haths ; Germania, Amulf-Str. 26: Kaiser Wilhelm-Bad, 
Lindwurm-Str. 70a ; Zevtralbad (PI. C, 4), Lammer-Str. 3, at the Central 
Station; etc. — Baths in the Wiirm, at Schwabing (p. 10; tramway-lines 
N08. 3 and 10): '■Ungererbad, with the Kaiser-Bassin and Quellen-Garten; 

Cabs. Taximeter Cabs (with one hurse) : tariff 1 (red) for 1-2 pers. bv 
day, 800 metres 50 pf., each 400 m. additional 10 pf. ; tariff 2 (l)la<-k) for 
3 pers. by day, fiOO m. 50 pf.. each 300 m. additional 10 pf : tariff 3 (blue) 
for 1-3 pers. by night (10 6), 400 m. 50 pf , each 200 m. additional 10 pf. 
Waiting before the beginning of the drive, 8min. .^Opf., thereafter 4 min. 
10 pf., 1 hr. l>/2 Jl. Passengers driving from the station are charged 
20 pf. extra. Hand-baga free of charge; luggage up to 55 lb''. 30 pf., more 
40 pf. — Fiacre.% (with two horses) for 1-4 pers., 1 Jl per 1/4 hr., each 

/. Route 1. 




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Nota. MUNICH. I. Route 1. 7 

1/4 hr. additional 70 pf. ; double fares at night. — Motor Cabs (stands at the 
Karls-Tor and Marien-Platz) : by day, 900 m. 70 pf., each 300 m. additional 

10 pf., by night, 600 m. 70 pf., each 300 m additional 10 pf. 

Electric Tramways (10--0 pf.). The name-plates of the cars which 
traverse the Bahnhol -Platz are distinguished by a transverse red bar. 
1. From the E. Railway Station via the Ludwigs-Brucke, 5Iarie;i-Plat/, Bahn- 
hof-Plaiz, and Stiglmayer-Platz to Nymphenb'irg (blue li^'ht). — 2. (N. Ring 
Line). From the Central Station via the Sendlingertor-Platz, Isartnr-Platz, 
Maximilian Monument , Ludwig-Str., Theresien- Str. (for the Pinakothek 
galleries), and Augusten-Str. hack to the Central Station (red). — 3. From 
the Arnulf-Str. via the Central Station, Odeons-Platz, and Leopold-Str. to 
Schica^'ing (green). — From the E. Railway Station via the Maximilian-Str., 
Promenade-Platz, and Central Station to yenhauien (red and yellow). — 
5. From the Marien-Platz via the Reichenbach-Str. to the Freibad-Str. (white). 
— 6. From Schwabing via the Sendlingertor-Plat/. and Goethe-Platz to Tal- 
kirehen (white and blue). — 7. From the Oeorgen-Str. via the Central Station 
and Sendlingortor-Platz to the East Cemetery (green and red). — 8. From 
the Georgen-Slr. to MilbertsTiofen (blue and green). — 9. From the Lands- 
berger-Str. via the Central Station, .Marien - Briii:ke, and Prinz-Regenten- 
Theater to Bogenhausen (yellow). — 10. From Schwabing via the odeons- 
Plafz and Marien-Platz to the Isartal Station (yellow and green). — 11. From 
the Rotkreuz-Platz via the Central Station, Marien-Platz, and I.udwig.s-Briicke 
to the E. Railway Station (blue and green). — 12. (S. Ring Line). From the 
Central Station via the Goethe-Platz, East Cemetery, and Maximilianeum 
hack to the Central Station (violet). — 14. From the West Cemetery via the 
Stiglmayer-Platz to the Promenade-Platz (violet and yellow). — 16. From 
Sc'iwabing via the Sendlingertor-Platz and Goethe-Platz to Sendling fwhite 
and graen). — 17. From the Josephs- Platz via the Central Station and 
Goethe-Platz to the Pilgersheimer - Str. (blue and red). — IS. From the 
Mariei-Plaiz via the Goethe Platz to Holzapfelkretith (white and red), — 
19. From Steinhausen via the Ludwigs-Brlicke and Marien-Platz to the Central 
Station. — 20. From Bogenhausen via the Maximilian Monument to the 
Isartal Station (green and violet). — 21. From the Stiglmayer-Platz to the 

Post Office (PI. F, 5. 6; 11) in the Max-Jo^'eph-Plat/ ; numerous branch- 
offices. — Telegraph Office (PI. R, 5; 77), Bahnhof- Platz 1; also at the 
post-offices. — Tourists' Enquiry Office at the Central Station, Bahnhof- 
Platz 2. — TocKiST Agksts Thos. Cook i- Son., in the Bayerische Reise- 
bureau. Prom nade-Platz 16. 

Excursion Carriages (electric motor cars or four -in - liand coaches), 
starting from the Lenbach-Platz 1 and Maximilians-Platz 5, dailv in summer 
at 10 and 3.30, visit the chief sights of the city (3 hrs. ; incl. guide 4 Ji). — 
Circular tours are arranged by the Bayerische Reisebureau in private motor 
cars with 4-6 seats, starting at 9 and 2.30 daily; fare for the whole day 
(incl. guide) 15, forenoon 7, afternoon 10 Jl. Conducted parlies to the 
environs, Ober-Ammergau, etc. 

English Church Service at No. 2, Von-der-Tann-Strasse (PI. F, 5, II; 
San. 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.); ch;iplain, Rev. D. Cowling, .^inmiller- Str. 2. — 
American Church, Wein-Str. 7, cor. of Filserbrau- Str. (PI. F, 6, //,• Sun. 

11 a.m. and 5 p.m.); chaplain, Rer. H. Wadley., Prinz-Regenlen-Str. 11. 

British Minister Resident, Sir Ralph Paget, Barer Str. 15 (office-hours 
10-12). Consul, Lucien Buchmann ; Vice-consul, W. E. SoUau, Barer-Str. 15 
(10-12). — American Consul-General, Thomas \ViUing Peters. 

Munich (ITOf)'), the capital of Bavaria, with 565,000 inh ah., 
lies on the S. side of a sterile plain, chiefly on the left bank of the 
rapid Isar. The lofty situation of the city and its proximity to the 
Alps render it liable to sudden changes of temperature, against 
which visitors should be on their guard, especially towards evening. 

The Maeien-Pi,atz (PI. F, 6; //), the central point of the 
city, is adorned with a Column of the Madonna erected in 1638 by 

8 /. Route 1. MUNICH. Palace. 

Elector Maximilian I. to commemorate the victory on the Weisse 
Berg near Prague over the Protestants (1620"). On the N. side of the 
Square is the *New Eathaus (adm. see p. 6), a Gothic edifice by 
Hauberrisser (1867-1905), -with a tower (245 ft. in height) contain- 
ing chimes and automatic figures whicli play their parts at 11 a.m. 
At the N.E. corner rises the pretty Fuchhrunnen. — The Diener- 
Str. leads hence to the — 

Max-Joseph-Platz (PI. F. 5; //), with the monument of King 
Max I. Joseph (d. 1825), by Ranch. To the S. is the General Pcst- 
Office, and to the E., at the corner of the Maximilian-Strasse, rises 
the Hof-und-National-T heater (PI. F, 5, //,• visit to interior, see 
p. 6), built in 1823 by Klenze, and adjoined by the Residenz-Theater 
(p. 5), built in the rococo style in 1751-53. 

The N. side of the Max-Joseph-Platz is bounded by the Boyal 
Palace (Residenz; PI, F, 5, II), which consists of the Konigsbau, 
on the S., the Festsaalbau, on the N., and the Alte Residenz, be- 
tween these, facing the Residenz-Strasse, in which is the entrance. 
Admission see p. 6 (tickets in the archway between the Kapellen- 
hof and the Brunnenhof). — The Altb Residenz, built in 1598- 
1616 under Elector Maximilian I., contains suites of rooms decorated 
in the style of the 17th century. In the Green Gallery are Italian 
and Dutch paintings. — The *Fb8tsaalbau, a 'building of festive 
halls', erected in 1832-1842 by Klenze in the Italian Renaissance 
style, has a facade towards the Hof-Garten 255 yds. long. — The 
Konigsbau, built by Klenze in 1826-35, contains five rooms on the 
groundfloor (entrance from the Grottenhof in the Alte Residenz) 
adorned with the Nibelungen Frescoes by Schnorr. 

The Treasury (adm. p. 6) contains jewels and precious trinkets, 
goblets, the insignia of various orders, and crowns, including the crown 
of Enoperor Henry II ('the Saint') and his wife Kunigunde dating frum 
the year 1010. — In the Reiche Kapelle (adm. p. 6) are costly objects 
in gold and silver, many of them of Ligh artistic value. 

The AUerheiligen Hofkirche (adm. p. 6), on the E. side of 
the palace, built in 1826-37 in the Byzantine-Romanesque style by 
Klenze, is decorated with splendid frescoes by Hess, Schraudolph, 
and Koch. 

Behind (he Alte Residenz, in the Marstall-Platz, are the Royal Coach 
Houses and Harness Rooms (adm. p. 6), containing an extensive collection 
of vehicles belonging to the rulers of Bavaria in the 17-19th centuries. 

Adjoining the Festsaalbau on the N. is the Hof-Garten(Pl.F, 5 ; //), 
bounded on two sides by arcades, which are adorned with frescoes. 
On the groundfloor of the N. arcade is the Museum of Plaster Casts 
(adm. p. 6), and on the upper floor are the Ethnographical Museum 
(adm. p, 6) and the Art Union (p. 5). — On the E. side rises the 
Bavarian Military Museum, erected by Mellinger in 1901-5 (adm. 
p. 6), containing weapons, armour, uniforms, etc. from the 15th 
cent, to the present day. In front of the building are a number of 
ornamental cannon dating from the 16th and 17th centuries. — 
The Prinz-Regenten-Strasse leads hence to the E. to the — 

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Ludwiy-Strasse. MUNICH. I. Route 1. 9 

♦Bavarian National Museum (PI. G, 5, U; adm. see p. 6), 
built in the German Renaissance style by Gabriel Seidl in 1894- 
1900, with extensive collections illustrating the development of 
art and civilization. 

The chrunologically arranged coUectiona occupying the 48 rooms of 
the Ground Floor illustrate the hist( rj' of civilization in Germany from 
the earliest times t'> the present day, vrith special reference to Bavaria. 
On the First Floor (34 rooms) are the special collections (Fachsammlungen) 
and the library. A large room on the Second Floor contains a colleciion 
of 'Creches', or representations of the Nativity. The Courts to the right 
contain Roman, early-Christian, and medireval sculptures and architectural 
fragments, those to the left Renaissance and rococo works. The most 
cursory inspection of the Museum takes 3 hrs. ; those who are pressed for 
time should confine their attention to the grouDdtloor. 

The beautiful Hubertus-Brunnen, designed by Hildebrand (1907), 
rises on a terrace to the right of the Museum. The adjacent Prussian 
Embassy (PI. G, 5 : //), erected by Littmann in 1908, accommodates 
the *Scliack Gallery (adm., see p. 6), the property of Emp. William II., 
with choice works by Feuerbach, Rocklin, Schwind, and other German 
masters of the middle of the 19th cent., forming a valuable comple- 
ment to the New Pinakothek. 

At the end of the Pxinz-Regenten-Strasse the Isar is spanned 
by the Luitprjld-Brucke, with four colossal figures. On the right 
bank flights of steps ascend to the Peace Monument (PI, H, 4), a 
column with the Genius of Peace, erected in 1898 to commemorate 
the peace of 1871. 

At the S. end of the handsome Ludwig-Strassk (PI. F, 4. 5; 7), 
which owes its origin to King Louis I., rises the Feldherrn-Halle 
(PI. F, 5; II}, erected in 1841-44 by Gartner. It contains the Bava- 
rian Military Monument, by F. von Miller, statues of the Bavarian 
generals Tilly and Wrede, by Schwanthaler. and two marble lions, by 
Riimann. A military band plays here at midday. — Opposite is the 
Church of the Theatines (PI. F, 5; II), erected in 1662-75 in the 
Roman baroque style by Barelli, with a lofty dome, paintings by 
Tintoretto, Zanchi, and Cignani, and the royal burial vaults. 

In the Odeons-Platz (PI. F, 5; //) stands an equestrian Statue 
of King Louis I. (d. 1868), by Widnmann (1862). On the left is 
the Odeon, destined for concerts and the Academy of Music, and 
on the right the Palace of Prince Luitpold, both erected by Klenze. 

Farther on the Ludwig-Strasse passes the Palace of Duke Max 
(PL F, 5 ; //) on the left, and the War Office and the *Royal Library 
(PI. F, 4 ; II; adm. p. 6) on the right. The library, erected by Gartner 
in 1832-43. contains upwards of L300,000 vols, and 50,000 MSS. 
(the most interesting specimens are shown in the 'Fiirsten-Saal'). 
In the vaults of the groundfloor are the Bavarian Archives, — On 
the right stands the Ludwigs-Kirche (PI. F, 4, /,• open only till 
midday), built in 1829-44 by Gartner in the Italian Romanesque 
style, with a tower 210 ft, high and a roof of coloi^^red tiles. Above 

10 J. Route I. MUNICH. German Museum. 

the portal are colossal statues of Christ and the Evangelists by 
Schwantaler, and behind the high-altar is the Last Judgment, a 
huge fresco by Cornelius. 

The University (6500 students), the Prieits' Seminary, opposite, 
and the Max Joseph School form a large square (PI. F. 4; i), inter- 
sected by the Ludwig-Strasse and embellished with two fountains. 
The University Library, with 500,000 vols., is open on week-days 
8-1 and, Sat. excepted, 3-6. 

The Ludwig-Strasse terminates at the *Sieges-Tor (PI. F, 4-, i), 
a triumphal arch with three openings (built in 1843-50), crowned 
with a colossal 'Bavaria' in a quadriga drawn by lions, designed by 
M, Wagner. — Just beyoni the Sieges-Tor, on the left, rises the 
Academy of Art, built in 1874-85 by Neureuther in the Italian 
Renaissance style. — The Leopold-Strasse leads from the Sieges- 
Tor, past the Palace of Prince Leopold (PI. F, 3 ; /), to the suburb 
of Schwabing (baths, see p. 5j. 

The handsome MAximLiAN-STBASSB (PI. F, G, 6; //) leads to the 
£. from the Max-Joseph-Platz to the Maximilians- Brilcke. Next 
the Post Office, on the right, is the Mint (PI. F, 6; //), on the left 
the Hof-Theater (p. 5). About 400 yds. farther on the street expands 
into a square, adorned with monuments to General Deroy (d, 1812), 
Count Rum ford (d. 1814), the philanthropist and founder of the 
English Garden, Schelling, the philosopher (d. 1854), Fraunhofer, 
the optician (d. 1826), and, at the E. end, King Maximilian II. 
(d. 1864). On the left are the Government Buildings (PI. F, G, 6 ; //), 
on the right the Old National Museum, which accommodates (left) 
the exhibition of the Munich Society of Artists (p. 6) and also, 
temporarily (on the right), the collections of the — 

♦German Museum of Natural Science and Technology. The 
latter, occupying upwards of 50 rooms, is a comprehensive and 
valuable collection of originals and models, illustrating the develop- 
ment of every branch of technical science and art from its infancy to 
the present day (mining, smelting, engineering, manufacture, agri- 
culture, chemistry, physics, communications, hydraulic construction, 
ship-building, etc.). All the objects bear labels and many of the 
models may be set in motion. Adm. see p. 6; catalogue 1 J^, plan 
of the mnseum 10 pf. 

Other departments (metallurgy, electricity, ligbting, municipal hy- 
giene, etc.) are lodged in the old Barracks of the Heavy Cavalry (PI. F, ti 5 
//), pending tlie completion of the lariie new building now being erected 
for the museum on the Museum Island, to the S.E. of the barracks. 

In the Piarr-Strasse, a little to the N. of the Old National Museum, is 
the Workmen^s Welfare ilttsi-umC Ar\)eiieT-^Y ohUahrts-Museum" \ PI. G, 6, //), 
with collections of deviies for the comfort and safety of workers (adm., 
see p. 6). — An Alpine Museum is to be opened in li'il on the island in 
the Isar, farther to the E. 

Beyond the Maximilians- Briicke (1899-1906) the Mazimilia- 
neum (PI. G, 6; //), an educational institution founded by King 

Old Pinakothek. MUNICH. I. Route 1. 11 

Max II. (adm. see p. 6), rises above the right bank of the Isar on 
the Gasteighohe. Three rooms in the upper story contain thirty large 
oil-paintings representing epoch-making events in the world's history. 

From the Odeons-Platz we follow the Bbibnnbr-Strasse (PI. 
E, F, 5; //) to the W. to the Propylaea and the Glyptothek. In the 
Wittelsbacher-Platz (PI. F 5; 11), on the right, is an equestrian 
Statue of Elector Maximilian I. (d. 1651), by Thorvaldsen (18391. 
The E. extremity of the Maximilians-Platz (p. 13) is embellished 
with a Statue of Schiller, by Widnmann (1863). The red Wittelsbach 
Palace (PI. E, 3), in the English Gothic style, to the right, is now 
the residence of Prince Ludwig, heir to the throne. 

In the Karolixen-Platz (PI. E, 5; //) stands an Obelisk, 105 ft. 
in height, raised in 1833 by King Louis I. in memory of the Ba- 
varians who fell in the Russian war of 1812. At No. 3, Karolinen- 
Platz, is the Lotzbeck Collection of Sculptures and Paintings (adm. 
see p. 6). — The Barer-Strasse leads to the right to the — 

•Old Pinakothek ('Repository of Pictures'; PI. E, 4, //,• adm. 
see p. 6), erected by Klenze in 1826-36. This gallery contains 
upwards of 1400 paintings (none later than the end of the 18th cent.), 
arranged by periods and schools, and each bearing the name of 
the artist. Catalogue 1 Jf. 

In the entrance-hail are portraits of the founders and benefactors of the 
gallery, from Elector Johann AVilhelni (d. 1719) t> King L..uis I. (d. 186S). 
— Visitors whose time is limited should devote their attention chiefly to 
the works of the Upper German masters in Room III and Cabinets III and 
IV (r»iirer, Holbein, etc.), the Dutch works in Room IV and Cabs. V-XI 
(Remhrandt, Fr. Hals, Ruysdael, etc.), the Flemish works and especially 
Rubens in Rooms V and VI and Cabs. XII and XIII. Van Dyck in Ro m VII. 
and the genre pictures of Teniers, Brouwer. etc. in Cabs. XIV-XVI. The 
Italian schools are represented by importtnt works by Raphael, Perusino, 
and Titian (Rooms \'ilI-X and Cabs. XVII-XX), and Spanish painting bv 
Murine fR.^nm XI). 

On the S. side are the Loggie, an arcade in 2'> sections with fr.sC'es 
by Cornelius, illustrating the history of painting. — On the gr^ unddnor of 
the Pinakothek, on the X. side, is the Cnbinet of Draicinjs and Engravings 
(adm. see p. 6), containing upwards rf 500.UOO ensravings and 25,000 draw- 
ings by ancient and modern masters. — The Collection of Vases (adm. see 
p 6; uuide 1 ^4f), occupving five rooms in the W. wing, comprises about 
3J00 specimens, mainly from Magna Gracia (S. Italy) and Greece. 

The *New Pinakothek (PI. E, 4, /; adm. see p. 6), built by 
Voit in 1846-53, contains works of the more modern masters, mostly 
belonging to the Munich school, chief among which are those by 
Rottmann, W. von Kaulbach, Schleich, K. Piloty, Defregger, Len- 
bach, Gabriel Max, Uhde, Leibl, Firle, Stuck, Segantini, etc. Cata- 
logue 1, illustrated 2 ^. — On the groundfloor are two rooms de- 
voted to Paintings on Porcelain and the Antiquarium (adm. see 
p. 6), with small Egyptian, Greek, and Roman antiquities. 

Opposite the W. side of the old Pinakothek rises the Polytechnic 
School (PI. E 4, /), erected in 1865-68 by Neureuther, with a fine 

12 /. Route 1. MUNICH. Frauen- Kkche. 

To the S., in the Konigs-Platz, is the *Glyptothek (Pi. E, 4, 5; 
7/), anionic building by Klenze^ containing ancient and modern 
sculptures, the former mainly collected in 1805-1816 by King 
Louis I., wlien crown-prince. Adm. see p. 6; short guide 60 pf., 
illustrated 2 Jf. ; detailed catalogue 3 Jf. 

The chief treasures of the collection are the two "Pediment-groupa 
from the Temple of Aegina, found in 1811, illustrating battles between 
Aeginetan heroes and Trt)jans, in Room IV (Aeginetan Hall). In Rooms VIII 
and IX are frescoci by Cornelius. The modern sculptures are in Room XIV. 

To the S. of the Glyptothek stands the Exhibition Building 
(PI. E, 5; //), built in the Corinthian style by Ziebland in 1845 (ex- 
hibition of the Munich 'Secession', see p. 5). — The W. side of 
the Platz is occupied by the *Propyl8ea (PI. E, 5 ; //), a triumphal 
arch with Doric columns outside and Ionic inside, built by Klenze, 
and bearing reliefs by Jos. Schefzky illustrating events in the Greek 
War of Independence and the reign of Otho I. On the day after its 
inauguration (30th Oct., 1862) the ex-monaroh of Greece (d. 1867) 
returned to Munich. 

The Basilica of St. Boniface (PI. E, 5; //), in the Karl-Strasse, 
is an elaborately adorned building in the style of an early-Christian 
Italian basilica of the oth or 6th rent, by Ziebland (completed in 
1850). King Louis I. (d. 1868) is buried in this church. 

The Botanical Garden (PI. E, 5, //; adm. see p. 6), opposite 
the Basilica, contains a palm-house with a lofty glass cupola and a 
botanical museum. — The Crystal Palace (PI. E, 5 ; //), in the 
Sophien-Strasse, built of glass and iron by Voit in 1854, has been 
used for the Annual Exhibitions of Art since 1888 (p. 5"). 

From the Marien-Platz (p. 7) the Kaufinger-Strasse and the Neu- 
hauser-Strasse lead to the right to the Karls-Tor. A little to the 
right lies the Frauen-Platz with the — 

Franen-Kirche (PI. F, 6; //), a late-Gothic brick building of 
1468-88 by Jorg Gangkofer, with two towers (318 ft. in height) sur- 
mounted by helmet-shaped roofs (tickets for the ascent from the 
sacristan, 40 pf.). The nave and aisles, of equal height, are borne 
by 22 slender octagonal pillars; rich groined vaulting. On the high- 
altar is the Coronation of the Virgin, a wood-carving by Knabl, and 
on the wings are paintings by Schwind. At the entrance stands the 
♦Monument of Emperor Louis the Bavarian (d. 1347), cast by Hans 
Krumper in 1622. 

A little to the N. is the Promenadb-Platz (PL E, F, 5 ; //), with 
statues of Elector Max Emmiuel (d. 1726), Westenriedtr (d. 1829), 
the historian, Qluck (d. 1787), the composer, Kreittmahr (d. 1790), 
the statesman, and Orlando di Lasso (d. 1599), the composer. — 
Farther on in the Pfandhaus-Strasse on the right stands the KunH- 
geiverhe-Haus, containing the exhibition of the Bavarian Society 
of Industrial Art (adn). free). On the left is the Herzog-Max-Burg 
(p. 13). 

Maximilians-Plats, MUNICH. I. Route 1. 13 

From the Promenade-Platz we return via the Karmeliter-Str. 
and the Ett-Str. to thf Nenhauser-Strasse, at the corner of which 
rises the Churcli of St. Michael (PI. E, 6: //), erected in 1583-97 
in the Roman haroque st.vle, ^Nith grand barrel-vaulting (diameter 
85 ft.). In the left transept stands the *Monumeut of Eugene Beau- 
harnais (d. 1824), Duke of Leuchtenberg, by Thorvaldsen. Beneath 
the choir reposes King Louis II. (d. 1886). — Near St. Michael's 
Church, occupying the former Jesuit College, is the Academy of 
Science (PL E, 6 ; //), with important Palaeontological and Minera- 
logicaL Collections (adm. see p. 6). 

' The Neuhauser-Strasse ends at the Karls-Tor (PL E, 5, 6 ; //), 
beyond which, in the Karls-I'latz, are the Nornen-Brunnen, designed 
by Netzer (1907), and the Courts of Justice, built in 1892-97 by 
F. Thiersch in the b iroque style (adm, to the interesting court-yard 
with glass dome 7.30-1 and 3-6, free). Adjacent to the W, are the 
iVeto Courts of Justice, built by the same architect, with Gothic 
mouldings and coloured facades. — The Lenbach-Platz (PI, E, 5 j //), 
to the N,E,, is embellished with a Statue of Goethe, by Widnmann. 
On the right is the Kiinstlerhnus (PL K, 5 ; //), by G. von Seidl (adm, 
daily 10-6, 1 .-U.). In the Pfandhaus-Str. stands the Herzog-Max- 
Burg, now occupied by various officials. 

in the Maximiuans-Platz ( PL E, F, 5 ; // ) rises the Wittehbach 
Fountain, erected by A. Hildebrand in 1895 as an ornamental ter- 
minus of the city aqueduct; the two colossal groups are symbolical 
of the fertilising jand destrix-tive power of water. — The pleasure- 
grounds covering the square were laid out by K. von Effner, In the 
centre of them are a statue of Justus Liebig (d. 1873), the chemist, 
and a monument to Max Pettenkofer (d, 1901), the sanitarian. — 
To the N. is the Exchange <.f Chamber of Commerce, a polychrome 
modern building'by F.fThiersch. 

The broad and shady Sonnen-Stbasse leads to the S. from the 
Karls-Platz to the Sendlingertor-Platz. On the right in the Schwan- 
thaler-Str. is the Schwanthaler Museum (PL E, 6, //; adm. see p. 6) 
containing Iplaster models of nearly all the works of Schwanthaler 
(d. 1848). ' 

The SENDLrKGBRTOR - Platz (PL E, 6 ; //) contains a colossal 
bust of Alois Senefelder (d. 1884), the inventor of lithography, by 
Zumbusch (1866). To the W. are the large General Hospital (PL 
E, 6 ; //), and various medical institutes belonging to the University. 
The Anatomical Institute contains important collections (adm., 
see p. 6). 

From the Marien-Platz we proceed to the E. through the arch of 
the old Rathaus Tower into the Tal (PL F, 6; //), a wide street. 
On the right, at the beginning of the Tal and to the S. of the Church 
of the Holy Ghost, extend the Viktualien-Markt or Provision Market 
and the Schrannen- Halle or Grain Market (PL F, 6; //). — In the 
St, Jacobs-Platz (PL F. 6; //) is the City Historical Museum (adm. 

14 /. Route I. MUNICH. English Garden. 

see p. 6). — To the S.E. lies the Gartner-Platz (PI. F, 6; //) 
with the Odrtner - Plati - Theater (p. 5) and statues of Friedrich 
Olirtner (d. 1847) and Ludxcig KLenze (d. 1864), the architects. 
ThiMice the Cornelius-Str. pro<:eeds to the E. to the Museum Island 
(li. 10); on the Cornelius-Brucke (PI. F, 7) stands the Statue of King 
Louis II., by Ferd. von Miller (1910). 

The E. extremity of the Tal is formed by the Isar-Tor (PI. F, 
6 ; //), dating from mediaeval times but restored in 1836 and re- 
cently, containing a fresco after Bernhard Neher which represents 
the triumphal entry of Emperor Louis the Bavarian after the battle 
of Arapflng. In the Isartor-Platz is the Fountain of Fortune, by 
Killer (1907). — In the district of ^« is the Mariahilf-Kirche (PI. 
F, 7; /), built in 1831-1839 in the early-Gothic style. 

To the W. of the town extends the Therfsiemwiesb (PI. D, 6, 
7; /), the scene of the October Festival, surrounded by new streets. 
On the Theresien-Hohe, 11/4 M. to the S.W. of the. station (tram- 
way-line No. 19, see p. 7), rises a bronze figure of Bavaria (PI. 
D, 7; /), cast by F.Miller (1850) after Schwanthaler's model, measur- 
ing 62 ft. to the top of the wreath. A narrow and inconvenient 
staircase (adm. p. 6) ascends within it to the head which has room 
for live persons (view extending to the Alps). The RunMES-IlALLE 
or Hall of Fame, a Doric colonnade designed by Klenze, contains 
80 busts of celebrated Bavarians. — To the N.W. of the Bavaria is 
the Exhibition Park of 1908 (PI. C, 6, 7; 7), containing the KiJnstltr- 
Theater (p. 5). 

The *Englisli Garden (PI. G, U, 3, 4; i), a park of 600 acres 
with fine old trees and watered by two arms of the Isar, affords de- 
lightful walks in summer. Beside the Brunnhaus is an artificial 
waterfall; on the right stands the Dianabad (cafe), on the left the 
high-lying Monopteros, a small temple designed by Klenze, the 
Chinese Tower (cafe) , and an artificial lake near Kleinhesselohe 
(restaurant). The Tivoli-Str. and the Max-Joseph-Briicke over the 
Isar lead to the E. from the English Garden to Bogenhausen (PI. H, 
5; 7), on the right bank, with the Observatory (VI. H, 5; I). To the 
right of the bridge is Bad Brunntal, a health institute with a shady 
garden. We may return to the city via the Maximilians- Anlagen 
or by tramway route No. 9 (p. 7). 

The chateau of Nymphenburg (PI. A, 3; 7), 3 M. to the W. of Munich 
(tramway No. 1 in 20 min. ; see p. 7), has tas'eful 1 leasure-grounds, two 
fountains with jets rising to the height of 100 ft., and fine hot-houses. In 
the Park on the right are the Magdalen Chapel, built to imitate a ruin, the 
Fagodenburg, and the Amalienburg, a pretty rococo building. Concerts are 
held in the Volksgarten, a large popular resort with a garden; Rettaurant 
Zum Control or. 

The chateau of Schleissheim (1585'; Schloss Inn; Restaurant Zum Bergl, 
in the wuods, iVi^I- distant), '/-j M. to the E. of the station on the Raiis- 
bon Railway (V2 hr's. journey), was built for Elector Max Emanuel at the 
end of the 17th century. It possesses fine gardens and a picture-gallery 
(groundfloor, with the German and Italian works, open 10-12; upper floor, 
with the Netherlandish works, 2-6). Catalogue 1 M. 


IMI!^"!^ . LKk 



2. Starnberger See. Hohe Peissenberg. Ammersee. 

Railwat from Munich to Starnherg (1772 M.) in 32-50 min. (2 Jl 20, 
1 jU 40, 90 pf.); to Weilheim (33V2 M ) in 13,4-2 hrs. (4 Uif 20, 2 U(( 70, 1 ^ 
75 pf.); to Peissenberg (38V2 M.) in 2> 4-21/2 hrs. (3 U(f 10, 1 M 25 pf.). — 
Steamboat (restaurant) from Starnberg to Seeshaupt and back (round the 
whole lake, ^ Jl. 1 U* 65 pf.). in connection with all trains from Munich, 
in 3 hrs. Special trips on Sundays. Steamboat-tickets may be purchased 
at the Starnberg station (N. side of the Central Station) in Jlunich as well 
as on board the steamers. A circular ticket entitles the holder to break 
the journey twice. 

The train quits the Lindau line (p. 19) at (41/2 M.) Pasing (1720'; 
Hot. zur Eisenbahn). — 81/2^. Planegg (1820'; Schlosswirt, with 
garden j Schweiger; Ebner; Zur Eiche); 12 M. Oauting (1915'; 
Bahnhof-Hotel, 82 beds at i^jx-l^j^Jl; Post), with a sulphur-bath 
(pens, inch baths i Jl\ — 141/2 M. Muhltal. 

17 '/2 M. Starnberg. — Hotels. Batkrischer Hof, 40 R. at 2V2-3V2, 
pens. 6-8ul^; Pel let-Mater, 40 beds at 1V2-3, pens. 5-7 Jf, well spoken of •, 
Bellevle, 30 beds from l'/2. pens, from Q J( ; Deutscher Kaiser, R. 1V2-3, 

?ens.5-7uif; Tutzinger Hof. — Klr-Anstalt Bad Starnberg (Dr. V. Plfinge), 
8 bed.", pens. 6-10 Jt. — Restaurants. See- Restaur ant, at the Undosa 
Baths; Restaurant Seehof; Riidesheimer Weimtube. 2 min. from the station. — 
Baths. i'ndosa-Bad, with artilicial waves. — Rowing-boat 50pf.-l Jl per hour. 

Starnberg (1930'), a considerable place (3300 inhab.) at the N. 
end of the Wiirmsee, with an old castle, is generally crowded in 

Pleasant walks may be taken in the promenades on the lake; to the 
Sieben Qvellen ; to the (iV4 hr.) Max- Josephs- Ildhe (charming view); to the 
(V4 hr.) Orosse Tonne and on to the (>/< hr.) Primen-Eiche and by woodland 
paths to (1 hr.) Pocking (p. 16); to the Schiessstdtte Restaurant^ V/t M. to 
the N. on the Miihltal road, etc. 

The *Lake of Starnberg, or Wunnsee (1915'), 12^2 M. long, 
l'/4-3 M. in width, and 22 sq. M. in area, is enclosed by banks 
of moderate height, which are covered with villas and parks, espe- 
cially at the N. end. The principal charm of the scenery is the 
view of the distant mountains in clear weather. The following are 
the conspicuous peaks, from E. to W.: Wendelstein, Brecherspitze, 
Kirchsteiu, Benediktenwand, behind these Karwendel- Gebirge, 
Jochberg , Herzogstand , Heimgarten , Krottenkopf , Wetterstein 
range with the Zugspitze, and Ettaler Mandl. 

Steamboat Jouknby. On the hill to the right, immediately 
beyond Starnberg, rises the villa of Count Almeida. On the bank, 
farther on, are a number of other villas. Station Niederpocking . 
Possenhofen (*Schauer^ 82 beds at IV2-2, pens. 6-7 Jg), lies 
about 1 2 M- to the E. of the railway-station of that name (p. 16). 
Pleasant walk through wood (way -posts) to (1^4 M.) Feldafiny 
(p. 16). In the lake below lies the wooded Rosen-Insel, with a royal 
chalet (10 min. row; adm. free). 

The first station on the E. bank is Schloss Berg (^Hotel am See, 
with veranda and garden, R. 1-3, pens. 5-7 Jg ; Schloss Berg. Y4 M. 
from the lake, with garden-restaurant and woodland promenades). 

16 /. Route 2. LAKE OF STARNBERC. 

About '/« M. from the pier is the royal chateaa of Berg (adm. in sum- 
mer daily 8-11 and 12-0, 50 pf.), with a park, where Kini; Louis II. of 
r>avaria perished in the lake on June l^th, 1886. A road leads through the 
p;irk to (1 M.) Leoni (see below), passing a Memorial Chapel erected by 
Prince-Regent Luitpol'l near the spot where the bodies of King Louis IT. 
and Dr. von Gudden were found. 

Farther on, on the E. bank, lies the neat little village of Leoni 
{*Hdl. Leoni, 65 li. at i^/o-'^, pens. 6-7 Jf ; Hot.-Pens. Bayerisches 
Haus, pleasantly situated l^/o M. to the S., on the Ammerland 
road). On the hill above it rises the church of Aufkirchen. 

Eottmannshohe (2165'; 25 min.)- A wire -rope railway ascends in 
7-8 nain. (fare, up 3U, down 10 pf.). At the top are a hotel and Dr. Matzens 
Sanatorium^ with a park. About 10 min. to the S. of the hotel is the 
'Bismarck Tower CXiSO'), erected in 1899 (view). — To Wol/rat$hauteny^aQep.65. 

On the W. bank a number of parks and gardens extend fromPossen- 
hofen past the Restaurant Fischer am See to (3 M.) Garatshausen, 
with a chateau of the Prince of Thurn and Taxis. Next stat. Tutzing 
[*H6t. Simson, in a time situation ^/o M. from the lake, with terrace 
and park, 125 beds at 2-4, B. 1, pens. 6-9 .//,- Seehof, on the lake, 
with park, 70 beds from 2 J^ ; *H6t. KiJnUj Ludwig, on the lake, 
40 beds at 1^2"'^' pens, from b Jf ; Bemrieder Hof, plain), with 
Countess von Landberg-Hallberger's chateau (no adm. ). 

Kelnw the lunding-stage are a bathing-place and swimming-baths. — 
The Johannisliiigel, a grassy hill on the lake, 3/4 M. to the S. of the railway- 
station, cnmraands a charming vi^w (still liner from the 'Ilkatiohe, near 
Ober Zeismering, ^ji hr.). 

Stat. Bernried {Aitwirt, ^/^ M. from the railway-station men- 
tioned on p. 65), with a chateau of Herr von Wendland and a fine 
park, open to the public (beer-garden, prettily situated, open in the 
afternoon). The banks become flatter, and the mountains more 
conspicuous. Stat. Seeshaupt (Post, v^^ith garden; Hot. SeeshauptJ 
lies at the S. end of the lake (rail, stat., see p. 65). The steamer 
iiow steers along the E. bank to Amhach (Zum Fischmeister, 20 beds 
at 11 2-'2«^) and Ammerland ((ia^thaus am See, 40 beds at 2 Jf), 
with a chateau of Count Pocci, and thence past the chateaux of 
Seeburg and AUmannshausen to Leoni and Starnberg. 

From Seeshaupt a pleasant walk may be taken to the S. to (1 hr.) the 
Lauterbacher Miihle (p. 65j. — To the S.W. a well-shaded path leads to 
(3/4 lir.) Hohenberg (inn), at the foot of the chateau of that name (beautiful 
view from the tower; key at the inn). We may return past the Frechen 
Lakes (1 hr.). — A carriage-road runs from Seeshaupt to (2 M.) <S/. Heinrich 
(Fischerrosl) and (41/2 M.) Beuerberg (p. 65). An interesting detour of 3/4 hr, 
may be made by the Oedbauer and the Q/t hr.) Ilohenleiten, with a restaur- 
ant and extensive view. — On the hill above Ambach lies the ('/2 hr.) 
church oi Holzhausen 02160'; view). Road thence to {/k^li lA..) Eurasbtvrg 
(p. 65), via Happerg. — From Ammerland to (2 hrs.) Wolfratshausen , via 
Milnsing, see p. 65. 

Railway Jouenby (views to the left). — 171/2 M. Starnberg, 
see p. 15. 2OV2 ^^- Possenhofen (p. 15); to the right, 1/2 M. from 
the station, lies the village of Pocking (2205'; Bellevue, Post, both 
with tine views). —211/2 M- Feldafing (2120'; *H6t.-Pens. Kaiserin 
Elisabeth, with terrace and baths. 130 beds at 3-6, B. 1, D. 3, pens. 
l-iOjf; *H6t.- Pens Xeuschwanstein ; fine view from both; Zur 


PEISSENBERG. /. Routed}. 17 

Eisenbahfi). i^/^M. from the lake (p. 15). Farther on several pleasing 
glimpses are obtained. At (25 M.) Tutzing (Rail. Restaurant) pass- 
engers for Kochel (p. 65) change carriages. The line turns towards 
the S.W. 271/2 M.~ Diemendorf; SO'/q M. Wilzhofen. 

At (33 V2 M.) Weilheim f 1845'; Rail. Restaurant; *E6t. Brau- 
wastl, with garden, 50 beds at 1-Aj^; Post, well spoken of; 
Obermair\ a small town (5000 inhab.) on the Ammer, we change 
carriages for Peissenberg. (Route to Murnau and Partenkirchen, 
see pp. 46-48; to the Ammersee, p. 18.) Passing Unter- Peissenberg 
(Post; Lowe) the train stops at (38 V2 M.) Peissenberg (1940'), 
where the railway ends. In the vicinity are extensive brown-coal- 
mines. About V2 M. to the left of the station is the *H6tel Bad 
Hohensulz (2020'"; 60 beds at 1V4-3. D. 2, pens. 4-6 ^/S?), with 
mineral springs, hydropathic, restaurant, and shady walks. 

Routes to the Hohk Peissenberg. Cros.sing the railway-Jine close 
t(i the station, we follow the tree-.^haded footpath skirting the road to 
Bad Hohensulz. Thence we may take the easy footpath (blue and white 
marks) diverging to the left from the road behind the restaurant and 
leading via the Sulzbach Walerfa'l.^ the Quellenfiaus, the Sc/ione Aussic/it, 
and the Jericho Cross (2625) to the top in I'/i hr. Or we may take the 
steeper path (red and white marks) which diverges to ttie right behind 
the restaurant and leads via the Ebtrlhauer and the Schicabheiss to the 
top in l'/4 hr. The descent may be made to tiie S.K., across the ridge 
(fine views) past the Schdchen Inn to the Weinhauer (23^5'; Inn. good wine), 
and thence either direct by the steep and winding Stamjenweg to (3/4 hr.) 
the railway-station of L'eis.-enberg •, or (preferable) by the easy path which 
skirts the wood to the left below the inn and joins the first-mentioned 
ascent at the t^uellenhaus, whence we proceed via Bad Huhensulz to the 
(1 hr.) station. — An omnibus plies twice daily from the station of Peissen- 
berg to (IV2 hr.) Hetten (2522'; inn), at the W. base of the mountain, only 
40 min. from the summit. 

The *Hohe Peissenberg (3240') affords a remarkably extensive 
panorama owing to its isolated position opposite the centre of the 
Bavarian Alps. On the summit are a pilgrimage-church, a school 
(with an observatory on the roof; adm. 20 pf.J, and a plain inn. 

*ViEw. The principal mountains visible are, from E. to W., the Wen- 
delstein, Benediktenwand, Jochberg (beyond which in the extreme distance 
peeps the snowy Venediger), Herzogstand , Heimgarten (in front of which 
lies the StaflFelsee), Karwendel-Gebirge, Kistenkopf, Krottenkopf, Dreitor- 
spitze, Wetterstein range (with the Zugspitze), Daniel, Hochplatte, Hohe 
Bleiche, Gahelschroflen, Sauling. Griinten, and Stuiben. To the N. an ex- 
tensive survey of the plain, embracing the Ammersee, Starnberger See, 
and innumerable towns and villages as far as Munich and Augsburg. 

From Peissenberg to Sadlgkcb. The road (diligence daily at 2 p.m. 
from the rail, station to Rottenbuch, in 2V4 hrs.) leads round the E. flank 
of the Hohe Peissenberg to (51/2 M.) Bdbing and (8 M.) liottenburh (2505'; 
Klosterbrau), picturesquely situated, on the left bank of the deep Anuner- 
Tal. Thence past (12 M.) Baversoien (Adler), near the little' Soieti Lake 
(2590'), to (15 M.) Saulgrub (p. 56), on the railway from Murnau to Ober- 
Ammergau (p. 56). 

Ammersee. — Railway from Munich to Herrsching, 23V2 M., in 
3/4-11/4 hr. (fares 1 UiT 90. 1 UlT 2.5 pf. ; no 1st cl.). — Via Weilheim or Gelten- 
doyf., see p. 19; via Grafrath^ p. 19. — Steamboat (restaurant) from 
Herrsching to (1/2-^/4 hr.) Dieisen (fares 55, 40 pf.), and from Hi'rrschin;2 to 
(I-IV4 hr.) Stegen (fares 90, 55 pf.), several times daily. 

Baedeker'8 Eastern Alps. 12tb Edit. 2 

18 /. n. ?. - - Map,p. IG. AMMERSEE. 

From Munich to (472^.) Pasing^ see p. 19. Several unimportant 
stations. — IGi/o M. Wessling (1930'; Post, Seehof, with gardens; 
Rail. Restaurant), an attractive village on a little lake (^view from 
the Dellinger Hohe, 1/2 ^r-)- — ^^^1-2 M. Steinebach (Plonner) ; the 
village lies V2 M. to the W., on the Worth-See (1835'). On the N. 
bank, 1'/' ^^- from the station, is the prettily situated village of 
Walchstadt (2020'; Post, with garden and view). — 2OV2 ^- Seefeld- 
Hechendorf. At the well-situated village of Seefeld (*P*ost,^30 beds 
at 60-1 J^ 20 pf.), near the Pilsen-See (1750'), is a castle of Count 
Torring, with an interesting armoury and chapel (view from the 
terrace). — The railway now skirts the Pilsen-See, traverses the 
Herrschinger Moos, and crosses the Fischbach to the terminus at 
(23'/2 M.) Herrsching (Bahnhof- Hotel; Hot. Kiental ^' Post, in the 
village; Pens. Reiner, at the beginning of the Kien-Tal; *Pens. 
Panorama, at Muhlfeld, 1 M. to the S , on the lake, pens. 5 Jf), 
3 min. from the steamboat-quay (Seehof, with garden, plain). 

A road (shorter footpath to the left II/2M. beyond Pens. Reiner) leads 
through the romantic ravine of the Kienbach to (3 31.) Andechs (2335'), 
once the seat of the powerful counts of that name, and now a Benedictine 
monastery, with a favourite pilgrimage-church. The space in front of 
the church commands a survey of the mountains (finer from the terrace 
of the monastery, to which visitors are admitted by permission of the 
prior). Good beer at the Brdustiibl, adjoining the church. A little lower 
down are the Andechser Ho/, an inn with a shady garden, and the village 
of Erling (Post). 

The Ammersee (1745'), 10 M. long, 88/4 M. wide, and 270' deep, 
has flat and wooded banks. Like the Starnberger See it commands 
a fine view of the Alps from the Watzmann to the Allgau group, 
with the Zugspitze in the middle. 

From Herrsching a steamer plies via Riederau, Wartaweil, and 
St. Alban to (3/4 hr.) Diessen, or Bayerdiessen (*Gattinger, bed 
1-1 V2 •^»' Hot. Ammersee; Alte Post; Neue Post; Klosterbrdu; Pens. 
Seerichterhaus, with cafe' -restaurant, bed 1-2 Jf ; Seefelderhof ; 
Tutzingerhof), a straggling market-town (2000 inhab.) and summer- 
resort, at the S.W. end of the lake. Railway from Weilheim, see 
p. 19. A little inland lies the hamlet of St. Georgen, the chapel of 
which affords a fine view. About 1 M. to the N., on the lake, is 
St. Alban (R. & B. at Villa Lachen, with garden and baths in 
the lake). 

The steamboat from Herrsching to Stegen (see p. 17) steers 
across the lake, leaving the chateau of Ried on the right, to Hoh- 
hausen (Hdt. Panorama) arid TJtting (Hot. -Pens. Wittelsbach, near 
the quay and the station), a large village prettily situated on the 
"W. bank. Fine view from the Restaurant Ludwigshohe (10 min.). 
The station (seep. 19; restaurant) is ^/^M. from the quay. The 
next station, also on the W. bank, is /Sfc^ondor/" (Rail. Restaurant ; 
Altwirt; Drexlwirt), for the village of Unter-Schondorf (*Post ; 
Seehof; Miinchner Kindl) , which is charmingly situated among 
orchards and is frequented as a summer and bathing resort. The 

LANDSBERG. 7. Route 3. 19 

Romanesque church dates from the 12th century. We now recross 
to the E. hank and call at Breitbrunn (*Seefelder Hof). The Amper 
emerges from the lake near Stegen (*Schreyeggs'8 Inn, 45 beds at 
1 ^), at the N. end. A motor launch in connection with the 
Ammersee steamers plies on the Amper (i o ^^- ; fare 40 pf.)lto 
Grafrath (see below). 

Feom Weilheim to Mering, 34 M., railway in 2'/2 lirs. This line diverges 
to the left from the Stambers: railway (p. 17) and crosses the Ammer 
beyond (1^* M.) Wielenbach. To the right lies Pdhl. dominated by a lofty 
chateau. We next traverse a viaduct over the Aramermoos and pass 
(5Vy M) Raistinff. At (8 M.) Diesten (p. 18) the railway reaches the Ammer- 
see, and skirts the W. bank, via Biederau (p. 18) and Holzhausen (p. 18), 
to (13 M.) Utting (Rail. Restaurant; see p. 18), where the lake is quitted. 
15>/2 M. Schondorf (1830'; Rail. Restaurant) lies between TJnter- and Ober- 
Schondorf. A wide curve now carries us through the Windach-Tal, past 
(17 M) the agreeably situated Thtresienbad, with chalybeate and peat baths, 
to (17'/2 M.) Grei/enbert/, 1 M. to the W. of the village of that name, with 
a chateau. At (20V2 M.) Geltendorf our line crosses the Munich and Lindau 
railway (see below) and at (34 M.) Mering it joins the railway from Munich 
to Augsburg. 

3. From Munich to Lindau. 

137 M. Railway in 31/4-81 2 hrs.; fares 17 uT 70, 10^ 40, 6 Ui( 90 pf., 
express 19 jH 10, 12 ^ 40, 7 U^f 90 pf. Best views to the left. 

Munich (1705'), see p. 4. Soon after leaving the station we ob- 
serve on the right the park of Nymphenburg. 41/2 M. Pasing is the 
junction for Augsburg, Starnberg (p. 15), and Herrschiug (p. 18). 
After crossing the Wiirm and passing (7 M.) Aubing, the train 
enters the wide Dachauer Moos. 10 M. Puchheim. — 14^2 M. 
Furstenfeldbmck (1730'), V2 M. above the little market-town 
of that name (4450 inhab. ; *Post, bed 1-2 J/; Landsberger Hof; 
Marthabrdu), which is pleasantly situated to the right, on the 
Amper, and is frequented for its river-baths. To the right, close to 
the railway, is the suppressed Cistercian abbey of Fiirstenfeld, now 
a school for non-commissioned officers. 

The train crosses the Amper and traverses the Schongeisinger 
Wald. 20 M. Grafrath (I860'; Rail. Restaurant); to the left a 
glimpse of the Ammersee, with the Wetterstein and Zugspitze in 
the background. The village, with a monastery and pilgrimage- 
church, lies about ^2^1- to the S., on the Amper (motor-launch to 
Stegen, see above). — 24 M. Tiirkenfeld. 26 M. Geltendorf is the 
junction for the Mering and Weilheim line (see above). — 281/2 M. 
Schwabhausen ; 31 1/0 M. Epfenhausen. The train crosses the Lech. 
— 35 M. KauferingXi^Sb''). 

Feom Kadfekixg to Schongac, 2OV2M., branch-railway in 1^/4 hr. — 
3 M. Landsberg (1925'; 'Ooggl, 24 beds at 11/2-21/5 UT ; Kristeinerbrau ; Glocke; 
Zederbrau), an ancient town with 6500 inhab. on the Lech. The late-Gothic 
Liebfvauen - Kirche (15th cent.) has fine old stained-glass windows in the 
choir. The Rathaus is embellished with frescoes by Piloty and Schwoiser 
and contains a *Painting (Magistrates of Landsberg) by Sir Hubert Her- 
komer, who was bom in 1849 at Waal, 6 M. from Landsberg. The Mutter- 


20 /. Routes. KEMPTEN. From Munich 

turm, in the English castellated style, was built by Herkomer beside the 
house in which his mother died in Landaberg ; it commands charming 
views of the town and of the valley of the Lech, which descends a weir, 
10 tt. high . near the town. On the hill is the Bayertor^ a picturesque 
Gothic edifice, with a tower and four turrets (view from the top). The 
treasury of the Church of the Maltese Order is interesting. — Beyond Lands- 
berg we traverse an uninteresting district to (20'/2 M.) Schongau (2235'; 
Post; Sonne; Stern), an ancient little town (2772 inhab.), very picturesquely 
situated on a hill rising above the Lech. It possesses an old castle and a 
well-equipped bathing-establishment, the Johannisbad (restaurant and pen- 
sion). Pretty view from the Casselkeller. 

Near (38 M.) Igling is a chateau belonging to Count Maldeghem. 
— 42 M. Buchloe (2030'; Hot. Enslin, near the station; Rail. 
Restaurant), the junction of the lines to Augsburg and to Woris- 
hofen and Memmingen. 

Fkom Adgsburg to Buchlok (25 M.), railway in ^t-V/i hr. (from 
Augsburg to Lindau in 4-7 hrs.). The line traverses the Lech/eid, the plain 
between the Wertach and Lech, where Emp. Otho I. defeated the Hun- 
garians in 955. Near the station of Inningen, to the right, beyond the Wert- 
ach, rises the Wellenburg, a chateau of Prince Fugger. Stations Bobingen 
(branch-line to Kaufering, p. 19), Schwabmiinchen (Post). The line then 
crosses the Gennach, and reaches Buchloe. 

The train now enters the broad valley of the Wertach. 461/2 M. 
Beckstetten; 49^/2 M. Pforzen; 51 1/2 M. Leinau. The background of 
the landscape is formed by imposing mountains, among which the 
Zugspitze, the Hochplatte, and the Siiuling are conspicuous. — 
The line crosses the river near (541/2 M.) Kaufbeuren (2235'; 
Sonne; Hirsch, 25 beds at V/^-2 J^), a picturesque old town (9000 
inhab.) still bounded with walls on the W. side. The new Rathaus 
contains frescoes by Lindenschmit and Herterich. The municipal 
Historical Museum, the Museum of Native Art, and the Gothic 
Chapel of St. Blasius (16th cent.) are also interesting, — Farther 
on the train threads its way between wooded hills. — 081/2 M. 
-Becssen/io/"en (2295'} Post; branch-line to Fiissen, seep. 38); 61 M. 
Ruderatshofen ; 631/2 M.Aifrangr. The line now crosses the watershed 
between the Wertach and the lller. 691/2 M. Giinzach (2630'; Rail, 
liestaurant). In the Giinztal, to the right, lies Ohergunzburg. The 
line descends, at first through wood and then through a broad grassy 
valley with peat-cuttings. 76 M. Wildpoldsried; 771/2 M. Betzigau. 
The lller is crossed. 

8II/2 M. Kempten. — Hotels. Hot. Keone, Komhaus-Platz, R. 11/2-8, 
pens. 5-7 Jl; ''Post, in the Is^eustadt, R. IV2-2V2, pens. 4V2-7U'/: Bahnhof- 
HoTEL, K. IV2-3V2 J(, Allgauee Hof, with garden, both at the station; 
Hasek, in the Altstadt. — 'Railway Restawant. — Wine at the Goldne Fdssle, 
at the Schiff, and at Schmid''s. 

Kempten (2280'), the capital of the Allgdu, prettily situated on 
the lller, which here becomes navigable for rafts, was a free town 
of the empire down to 1803. It contains 21,000 inhab., and consists 
of the Neustadt, on the higher ground, and the Altstadt, on the 
lller. In the Residenz-Platz in the Neustadt, adorned with a 
tasteful fountain (statue of Empress Hildegard), stands the old 
Palace of the former Prince-Abbots of Kempten, built in 1656-74, 

to Lindau IMMENSTADT, Map,p.260. — 1. R.3. 21 

and now partly occupied as barracks. Adjoining is tlie handsome 
Lorenz- Kirche^ a domed church of 16o2. The Kornhaus, close by 
on the "W., C/Ontains a historical museum. In the Rathaus-Platz 
in the Altstadt are the Rathaus, dating from the end of the 15th 
cent., and the Rathaus-Brunnen, a tasteful fountain by Hans Krura- 
per (1601). A little to the E. stands the Protestant Church of St. 
Magnus^ a late-Gothic edifice, and to the S. of it is the pretty Foun- 
tain of St. Magnus, by Wrba (1905). 

To the S. of the town, i/o 31. from the station, rises the "Burghalde, 
on the site of the old castle uf Hilarmont (restaurant and grounds). Fine 
view hence of the town and of the Alp." from the Zugspitze to the Stuiben. 
— A pleasant excursion may be made to the W. via Feilberg and Eggen 
to (l',4 hr.) Mariaberg (3000'-, /»n, plain but good), a chapel* and health- 
resort (tobogganing in winter). The (10 min.) Hoeheclc (3035') cimmand.s 
a charming view of the Illertal, with Oberstdorf, closed by the imposing 
JIadelegabel group. A more extensive view is obtained from the Blender 
(3515'), IV2 hr. to the W. of the Hocheck, via Ermengerst and Notzen. 

From Kemptkx to Ulm, 54 M., railway via Memmingen in 2-3 hrs., being 
the direct route from Stuttgart to the AUgiiu, Hohenschwangau, et-. — 
From Kempten to Pfronten and Reutte, see R. 6. 

Beyond Kempten (from which the train backs out in the opposite 
direction; finest views to the left) the line follows the left bank of 
the Iller. 831/2 M. Eegge. To the right, beyond (85 M.) Walten- 
hofen (2355'), at tlie foot of the Stoffelherg (3490')," are the Nieder- 
Sonthofen Lakes (2310'J. 88 iM. Oberdorf; 901 2 m. Seifen. On the 
left rises the sharp-edged Griinten (p. 24). 

941/2 ^J- Immenstadt. — Railway Rettauranl. — Hotels. ^Bayekischer 
HoF, oppo.'^ite the .station, U. IVz-S, pens. 5-8^; -^Post, R. lV2-2'/2, pens. 
4V2-6V2 J(; HiKSCH, R. 1-2 J( ; Allgaler Hof: Engel; Dkki Konige; 
Tkacbe. — 'KuRHOTEL Friedrichsbad, with baths of various kinds, R. I1/4- 
2V2, board 3-i J(. — Swimming Bathe in the Vordersee, or Kleinaee (p. 22; 
1/4 hr.). — Tobogganing and other sports in winter. 

Immenstadt (2400'), a busy town with 4600 inhab,, lies pictur- 
esquely on both banks of the Steigbach, at the foot of the Immen- 
stadter Horn. 

Environs. Fine views from the Ri/le Range (10 min. to the N. ; restau- 
rant) and the Kalvarienberg (20 min. to the N.). Opposite, at the foot of 
the Horn (1/4 hr.), are shady pleasure-grounds (turn to the right at the 
entrance to the Steigbach-Tal \ finger-post). — Pleasant walk to (V2 hr.) 
Rotenfels. We follow the road on the right bank of the Ach and after 
V2 M. cross to the Kiinigsgut, on the left bank. Here we ascend by the 
path to the right (way-post) to the two farms on the crest of the hill, 
and then follow the path to the left to (20 min.) the ruin o( Rotenfelt (2800'), 
which commands a charming view of the Alpsee and the mountains. We 
may descend through the gate between the farms, and in 20 min. reach Biifii 
(Hot. -Pens. Strauss, with garden), at the S.E.' end of the Alpsee (p.* 22). 
Thence back to (IV2 M.) Immenstadt by the road. 

The Immenstadter Horn (oObQf ; 'View) is ascended in 2V2 hrs. by an 
easy route, mostly through wood, via the Hornkopfl. (3830'). Near the top is 
the open Ingolstddter Iliitte. — From the Stuiben route (see below) we 
diverge to the left either at the (35 min.) wooden chapel or at the (IV2 hr.) 
Almagmach Inn. and in respectively 2V2 fr I'/a hr. reach the top of the 
Steineberg (5540'), the view from which resembles that from the Stuiben 
(via the 'Gratgaaae' to the top of the Stuiben, see p. 22). 

The ascent of the * Stuiben (5790'; 31/2 hrs. 5 guide unnecessary) is 

22 1. li.3. — Map,'prJ6(). OliEKSTAUFEN. From Munich 

easy. The path crosses the railway immediately to the E. of the station, 
fiillitws the left bank of the Steigbach, past the twiae- factory, and ascends 
the Steigbach- T(d^ a ravine between the Mittag and the Immenstadter Horn, 
to a (35 miu.) wooden Chapel (ca. 29500- Beyond the (5min.) finger-post, 
where we turn to the left, the path is almost level; lOmin., we cross the 
hrook; 10 min., we turn to the right, and again follow the left bank to the 
(V2 hr.) Almagmach Inn (3840')- Hence we may ascend either by the cart- 
track to the right, via the Mitlelberg Alp (4490'), or by a shady path to the 
left across the Mittelberg, and thence to the left past the Krdtzenstein to 
the (I1/2 hr.) Stuibenhaus (5205'; Inn, 28 beds at 2 J() and (V2 hr. farther 
on) the pavilion on the summit. Splendid 'View (mountain-indicator). — 
Experts may descend on the E. via the Gratgasse (wire-rope) to the top 
of the (l'/4 hr.) Steineberg (p. 21) and thence to (IV2 hr.) Immenstadt or 
(3/4 hr.) Almagmach. — From the Stuiben experts may follow the ridge 
via the Sederer Stuiben (5710'), the Buralpkopf (58100, the GUndleskopf 
(5735'), and the Rindalphorn (5980'), to the top of the Eochgrat (6015'), and 
thence descend to Oberstau/en (11 hrs., fatiguing; see below). 

From Immenstadt to Obersidorf, see R. 4 ; ascent of the Griinten, see 
p. 24. — To Reuite via Hindelang and Tannheim, see R. 5. 

The train now turns to the W. into the valley of the Ach, passes 
the Vorderset and the village of Buhl fp. 21), reaches the Alpsee 
(2380' ; 2 M. long), and skirts its N. bank as far as (991/2 M.) Rat- 
holz. We next traverse the Konstanzer Tal to (IO21/2M.) Thalkirch- 
dor/" (2430'), and ascend, finally threading a short tunnel, beyond 
which we obtain a striking view of the profound Weissach-Tal, the 
mountains of Vorarlberg, and the snow-clad peaks of Appenzell. 

105 M. Oberstaufen (2600'; *n6t. Biittner, R. i Jf 30 pf., 
pens, from 5 J/; Restaurant Keck, at the station, with rooms; 
Kror^e; Adler ; Lowe; Ochse'), a pleasant market-town with 1900 
inhab., frequented as a summer-resort, on the watershed between 
the Danube and the Rhine. Fine view from the (10 min.) Schloss- 
Keller. About 1 M. to the S.E. is the Rairibad (2495'), with alkaline 

From Oberstanfen through the Weissach-Tal to Hitiisau in the Bre- 
genzer Wald (diligence daily in 2^4 hrs.), see p. 274. — Pleasant excursions 
may be made to the (1 hr.) Zorp/ (3250'), with beautiful view; via Kremler- 
bad, Ober-Reute{28i0'-, inn), and Simmerberg (brewery) to (6 M.) TTgtVpr (see 
below); via the Eibeles-Miihle, with its waterfalls, and Qtchwend-MUhle to 
(9 M.) Sulzberg (3330'; Engel; Bar), an Austrian village (fine view); or 
via Steibis in 4-5 hrs. (comp. p. 274) to the top of the Hochgrat (6015'), with 
the Staufner-Haus (5575'; rfmts. in summer), and thence to the (1 hr.) Rind- 
alphorn' {ste. above), or via the Leckner-See to (3 hrs.) Hittitau (p. 274) ; etc. 

The line now descends in numerous curves. Beyond (109V2 ^0 
Harbatshofen(2A7b') is the Rentershofener Damm, a viaduct 656 yds. 
long and 174' high. — 113 M. Botenbach (2315' ; Railway In,n). 

A picturesque mute leads hence to (ca. 5 hr«.) Bregenz via Weilek. 
Branch-railway in 20 min. to (33/4 M.) Weiler (2070'; "Post, R. 1V2-2, pens. 
4-5 Jl ; Lamm), a pleasant village in the Rotach-Tal, frequented as a sum- 
mer-resort. Beyond Weiler a road ascends the Rotach-Tal past the un- 
pretending baths o{ Siebers to (41/2 M.) the customs - station oi Neuhaus^ 
then skirts the slope of the Hirschberg (p. 261) to (3 M.) Langen (2165'; 
Adler; Hirsch), and proceeds past the pretty waterfalls of the Wirta-Tobel 
to (33/4 M.) Fluh and (3 M.) Bregenz (p. 260). 

Another interesting route leads from Botenbach to (6 hrs.) Bbegb^z 
VIA THE Pfandek. Railway to Scheidegg, 6 M., in 41 min., via (2V2 M.) 
Gottholz and (iVs M.) the summer - resort of Lindenberg (SSOO* ; Krone, R. 

to Lindau. LlNDAU. Map,p.-J60. — J. Ii.3. 23 

1 UT-l ^(t 8<.), pens. 3 .# 60 pf. 5 UK; Rdtsle ; Lowe), with 4500 inhab. and mud- 
baths. From (6 M.) Scheidegg (2640*; Railway Restaurant, with beds; 'Post, 
20 beds at I-IV2 Jf : Krone), a picturesquely situated villaore and summer- 
resort, a path ascends to (1 hr.) Moggers (3280' ; Adler), whence it pro- 
i-eeda aloni? the hills, passing Trogen and commanding fine views of the 
Lake of Constance and the Bre^enzer Wald, to C2'/2 hrs.) the P/cinder Hotel 
(p. 261). 

123 M. Heruatz (1820' ; Weiss; branch-line to Kisslegg^ see Bae- 
deker's Southern Germany) ; 126 M. Hergensweiler (1770'); 128i/<) M. 
Schlachters (1680') ; 132 M. Ober-Reitnau (1630'). The line skirts 
the Hoierberg (p. 24), and then turns towards the S.E. A beautiful 
view of the Lake of Constance is now obtained: on the left Bregenz, 
in the foreground Lindau, and beyond it the green mountains of 
St. Gallen and Appenzell, with the Kamor, Hohe Kasten, Altmann, 
and Sentis. A long embankment then carries the train across an 
arm of the lake to an island on which lies — 

137 M. Lindau. — Hotels, 'Hot. pe BAViftaK, on the lake, near the 
station, 140 beds at 8-(i, B. IV4, !>• 3\'-2, pens. lAOJf. — Hot. Reutemann, 
50 beds at 2-3. pens. 6-1 J(, Limdauek Hof, 65 beds at 1 Jl 60-2 Jf 50 pf., 
IIelveti.\, 120 beds at iV'2-2V2 ^M, plain but good, all three on the laJce ; 
Keose, vvith baths, R. 2-2'/..', pens. 5-6 Ulf; Lamm, well spoken of-, Chbist- 
LICHE8 Vebeinshacs, Piiradies - Platz ; Petkrhof, R. from P/t Jl, Sonne, 
2-8 Jl, both very fair. — Restaurants. Seegarten (wi»h rooms), near the 
Hot. de Baviere; Schutzengarleti, on the rampart near the Roman tower, 
with view; wine at Joh. Frey^s, MaximilianStrasse, and at the Weinstube 
zum Sttinachev. Karolinen-Strasse; Rail. Restaurant. — Lake Baths on the 
K.W. side of the town, in the inner arm of the lake (30 pf.), and on the 
E. side, at the military baths. 

Lindau (1320'), once a free imperial town and fortress, and in 
the middle ages an important commercial place, lies on an island in 
the Lake of Constance, 350 yds. from the mainland, with which 
it is connected by the railway-embankment and a wooden bridge. 
Pop. 6700. At the harbour is a bronze Statue of King Maximilian II. 
(d. 1864), erected in 1856. At the end of the S. pier is a large lion 
in marble; on that opposite rises a Lighthouse. Adjoining the S. pier 
is the Alte Schanz, with a mountain-indicator for the view of the 
Alps from the Pfander to the Kaien. In the adjacent Reichs-Platz 
rises the tasteful Reichsbrunnen, by Thiersch and Riimann (1884). 
The handsome Rathau^, built in 1422-36 and restored in 1885-87, 
has a painted fa(;ade and rear, and contains a Museum of Antiqui- 
ties (adm. 9-12 and 3-5; 30 pf.). Beside the "Landtor are pleasure- 
grounds and a monument in memory of the war of 1870-71. 

Excursions. Pleasant walk on the bank of the lake to the W. (crcss- 
ing the railway-embankment and turning to the left), passing the villas 
of Lotzbeck, Giebelbach, and Lingg (•Frescoes by Xaue), to the (2 M.) Bad 
Schachen ('Hotel-Pension, with garden on the" lake, 150 beds at iVs-'i'/z, 
pens. 5-6 Jf), charmingly situated, with mineral and lake-baths. Apart- 
ments in the Villa Brodersen (R. 11/2-3 Jf), etc There is a steamboat-station 
at Bad Schachen, 6 min. from the railway-station of Enzisweiler. About 
V4 M. farther on is the Villa Lindenhof, with a beautiful park, hothouses, 
etc. (adm. 1 J(, for a charitable object). Farther along the bank of the 
lake, beyond Tegelttein (to the left Schlost Almnd) and Mitten, lies (21/4 M.) 
Wasserburg (Inn), a small town with a chateau and church, on a penin- 
sula in the lake. We may return by steamboat or railway. — Admirable 

24 I. Route 4. SONTHOFEN. From Immenstadt 

view from the Hoierberg (1495'; Restaurant), a vine-clad hill reached Ijy 
a ]iath at first parallel with the railway but afterwards crossing it to the 
hamlet oi Hoiren. We may return by Emisweiler (Restaurant Schmid, good) 
and Schachen (Zum Schlussle). 

From Lindau to Bkegenz (p. 260). Steamboat 6-7 times daily in 20-25 
minutes. Railway, 6 M. in V4-V2 hr. (fares 76, 46, 26 /».), via Lochau (ascent 
of the P/ander\ see p. 261). 

From Lindau to Constance, 64 M., railway in 3 hrs., see Baedeker's 
Southern Germany. 

4. From Immenstadt to Oberstdorf. The Allgau Alps. 

13V2 M. Railway in 56 min.-l hr. 12 uiin.; fares 2 Jf 40, 1 J( 70, 
1 Jt 10 pf. 

Immenstadt, see p. 21. The line skirts the left bank of the liter, 
passes (21 2 M.) Blaichach (Gemse) , with a large spinning -mill, 
and crosses the Iller above its junction with the Ostrach. 

5 M. Sonthofen (2446' ; *Deutsches Haus, at the station, bed 
11/4-21/2: peiis. 41/2 .if ; Hirsch; Engel; Ochs ; Krone; Gliickauf, 
1/2 M. from the station, with beautiful view), a small market-town 
(3930 inhab.), pleasantly situated in the broad green Iller- Tal. 
Fine view of the Allgau Alps from the Kalvarienberg (with a 
gigantic lime-tree), 10 min. from the 'Engel'. — Route to Hinde- 
lang andi Tannheim, see p. 32. 

The *Griinten (5710') is frequently ascended from Sonthofen. Road to 
(21/4 M.) Burgberg (2465'-, Kreuz j Lowe), at the S.W. base of the mountain, 
I'/j M. (footpath) from Blaichach (see above). The route from Burgberg 
to the summit of the Griinten (272 hrs.; guide, unnecessary, 4 Ji ; horse 
12 Ji) ascends through the village past the church to (8 min.) the chapel 
(2(395') above it. After 8 min. more we diverge to the left (tin}:er-post), 
and proceed through wood to the lower end of the ravine of the Wustbach, 
which descends trora the Griinten between the Stuhlwand and Burgberger- 
horn. This point may be reached also from the gymnastic-ground above 
the village by a direct path (white marks) through wood (1/4 hr.). We 
now follow a good bridle-path, steep in places, to the (I3/4 hr.) Grilnten- 
haus (5035'; *Inn, bed IV2 <M), in a wide basin V2 hr. below the Hochwart 
(5570' ; pavilion), whence a narrow arete leads in 10 min. to the Uebelhorn 
(5710'), the central and highest peak. Splendid *View. — The Siechenkopf 
(5160'), 5 min. to the W. of the inn (shelter-hut), affords another charming, 
though less comprehensive view. — Descent to Wertach, see p. 36. 

Sonthofen is the terminus in this direction, and the train now 
backs out, skirts the village in a wide curve, and hugs the moun- 
tains on the E. side of the broad valley of the Iller. 71/9 M. Alt- 
stadten (2440'); 81/2 M. Thalhofen. We cross the Iller to (10 M.) 
Fischen (2450'; Lowe ; Alpenrose ; Kreuz), a large village (1163 in- 
hab. ) in a picturesque situation, whence a road leads to the riglit 
to Ober-Maiselstein and (41/2 M.) Tiefenbach (see p. 26). On the 
right bank of the Iller are the small sulphur-baths of A«; view 
from the (20 rain.) Schbllanger Burg (2950'). — Beyond (II1/2 M.) 
Langenwang the train crosses the Breitach and the Stillach. 

131/2 M. Oberstdorf. — Hotels. 'Pabk- Hotel Lditpold, with gar- 
den, 100 beds at 2'/2-5, pens. 7V2-IO Jf ; *H6t. Mohben, 60 beds at iVz-B, 
pen.''. 6-7 Jf; Wittblsbachbr Hop, in an. open situation on the road to 

W"-^^" .<:y\....,.,..B:: •-■;.. ^ ■ -'-' y;f -v^f^L^:-^"*:'"^ 



V , - ,.--^»7-«5 



to Oberstdorf. OBEJRSTD.ORF. /. Route 4. 25 

Lorctto, dO beds at 2V2-5, pens. 61/2-8 J(; *H6t. Lowen, 72 beds at 2-5, 
D. 2-3, pens. 6-10 Ulf; Sonne, with garden, be'l U^-'^^h, D. I3/4, pens. 
5Va-6 Jf, good; '^Hfix. -Pens. Panorama . at Reute (p. 27; V2 hr.l, wiih 
magnificent view. 40 beds at 1^ a-2V2, pens. 5-6'/^ ^. open May-Oct. ; *H6t.- 
Pbns. Rcbihaus. with garden, 9U beds, pens. 6V2-9'/2 ^/f ; Hirscu, with 
garden, IT beds at 2 J( ; Hot. Tkettach, near the 3Ivihl-Briicke (12 min."), 
52 bed« at I'/s-S, pens. 4i/?-6 J(; Traube ; Adler, bed 1 J(, plain but good; 
H3t. Bahnhof, at the station. — Pensions. 'Villa Schmidt, 14 beds, pens. 
5-lJl; Hdbektushaus, 28 beds, pens. 6-1 J( ; Pens. Waldkck; Jageehacs ; 
J. H.EIM : Pens, zcr Veroneseb Klavse, i^z-bjf. — Apartments abound 
(enquire at the Ratbaus). — Cafes. "Stempfle (also pens., 24 beds); Lingg^ 
Haupt-Str. ; Knaus, West-Str., Waldscheuke, 25 min. to the W. — Post & 
Telegraph Office at the station. — Baths if various kinds at Schachenhaus, 
and in the Pfarr-Str. opposite the Hirsch Hotel. — Peasant Theatre in the 
Trettach Hotel. 

Guides. Franz Braxmair , Fritz Diinsscr^ Lvdw. and Mich. Huber, Leo 
Eocheler, Moi-itz Math, Joh. Rietzltr I and //, Kasp. Rielzler, Joh. Scholl, Kusp. 
Schtcarz, Franz Steiger., Alois Tauscher, Donat Vogler, Wendelin Weitenauer. 
'Contribution to the 'Verschonerunjis-Verein'' for a stay of more than 
3 days, 1 pers. 2 JH, a family Jl. — Motor-cars are not permitted in the 
neighbourhood of Oberstdorf. 

Oherstdorf {l^ib'X a market- village (2500 inhab.) and favour- 
ite summer and winter resort, is beautifully situated in a broad 
valley in the midst of the Allgau Alps. In front of the handsome 
church is a war-monument for 1870-71, consisting of a lion couchant 
in bronze. The church and the chapel of St. Nicholas (to the W. 
of the rail, station) contain altar-pieces by Johann Schraudolph 
(1808-79), a native of Oberstdorf. — About IV2 M. below the vil- 
lage the Trettach^ Stillach, and Breitach unite to form the JUer. The 
ramifications of the valleys from which they descend afford a great 
variety of excursions. 

Walks. On the banks of the Trettach, at the upper end of the village, 
are the shady promenades of the 'Verschonerungs- Verein'. Before the 
Miihl-B)'iicke (10 min. to the E. of the church) we ascend to the ri»ht, 
turn to the left at the juide-post. and proceed through wood to (5 min.) 
the Stem, a space provided with benches. Hence we may descend to the 
left to the Stoltingtriihe and (10 min.) the Trettaehsieg (path to Spiel- 
mannsau, see p. 27); or ascend a little and turn either to the riszht to 
the Hoffmannsruhe (see below), or to the left to the (V4 hr.) Rauenbad 
(2840'; pleasant peaty water). We may return via the Alpeniose Inn (see 
below) and St. Loretto to (1/2 hr.) Oberstdorf. — On the right bank of 
the Trettach, below the Miihl-Bnicke, we may follow the Vormittags-Weg 
to the (11/2 M.) Dvmelsmoos Bridge, returning by the promenades ( Untei'e 
and Obere Insel-Anlagen) on the left bank. 

Faltenbach Waterfall, in the gorge between the Rubihorn and Schatten- 
berg (25 min.). Beyond the Miihl-Brucke (see above) we pass a limekiln 
on the left, cross the brook at the end of the ravine, and a.9cend the right 
bank to a platform above the foaming cascade (through the ravine to the 
Vordere Seealp and to the Nebelhorn, see p. 29). 

Kiihberg (2955'), V2 br. From the Muhl-Brucke we follow the Oytal 
road (p. 28), ascending in a wide bend at the foot of the Schattenberg, 
or we may take the shorter foot-path (20 min.) straight on, to the Inn, 
commanding a charming view of Oberstdorf and of the Spielmannsau with 
the Trettachspitze. 

Hoffmannsruhe (2970*; 1/2 hr.). Pilgrimage-road from the church to 
(»/* M.) the three chapels of St. Loretto, shaded by fine old lime-trees (altar- 
pieces by CI. Schraudolph in the third chapel); then to the left up the 
hill, «n the (1/4 hr.) top of which is a pavilion commanding a fine pano- 
rama. On the S. summit, 10 min. from Loretto, is the Alpenrote Inn 

2i5 LIi.4. — Map,p.lU. UBERSTDORF. AUgau Alps. 

(to the Uauenbad, 'A M., see p. 25). The descent may be made throu{;h 
the Trettach Aiila-en to the (20min.) Miihl-Briicke (p. 25). 

Jauchenkapf (2980': 1/2 hr.). We cross the Stillach by the Walser 
Briicke (see below), diverge to the right beyond the second bend of the road, 
:in<l proceed via Jauchen (2815') to the top of the hill, which affords an 
excellent view. We may return via (i/« hr.) Rente fp. 27). 

'Wasach, a beautiful walk (I hr.). We follow the highroad to theN., 
cross the -Stillach and the (25 min.) Breitaeh, and ascend the road to the left, 
soon gaining a fine view of the Walser Tal, to the Wasach Inn (3020'; rooms), 
commanding a beautiful view (best by evening-light), which is still more 
extensive from the (10 min.) "Kapf, 250' higher: from left to right, the 
Rubihoru, Schattenberg, Hofats, Rauheck, Kreuzeck, Krottenkopf, Kratzer, 
Himmelschrofen, Trettachspitze , Madelegabel, Hochfrottspitze, Bockkar- 
kopf, Wilder Mann, Linkerskopf, Rappenkopfe, Schlappolt. Widderstein, 
and the sharp crest of the Hohe Ifen. Below lies Oberstdorf. — From 
the Kapf (turning to the left beyond the house) a steep path leads through 
wood to the (10 min.) Judenkirche (3480'), a natural archway in the rock, 
through which we obtain a view of the Krottenkopf and Kreuzeck. From 
Waeach to Oberstdorf, returning by Tiefenbach and Reute^ IV4 br. — Frbm 
J&gersberg (alio'; ScholFs Inn, plain but good), to the N.E. of Wasach 
(1 hr. from Oberstdorf, diverging to the right beyond the Stillach), the view 
is also very fine, ;ind more comprehensive towards the N. 

Bad Tiefenbach (3V4 M). The road diverges to the left beyond the 
Breitaeh bridge (see above; diligence from Oberstdorf twice daily in ^U hr.). 
Pede=;triuns (1 hr.) follow the road to the Waher-Tal to (IV2 M.) Rente 
(see below) and by a path diverging to the right descend through meadows 
and wood to the Breitach-Tal. Crossing the Breitaeh (to the left, road to 
the Breitaeh -Klamm, 20 min.; see p. 27), we follow the road to the 
right through wood to the sulphur-baths of (1/2 hr.) Bad Tiefenbach (2790'; 
*Inn, 26 beds, pens. 4-5 Jt), situated in the narrow valley of the Loeh- 
bach. At the (2 uiin.) Alpenrose Inn the road divides, the branch to the 
right ascending past the church (2910') to 0/4 hr.) Wasach (see above); that 
to the left to Rohrmoos (p. 32) ; while tbe path straight on leads past the 
precipitous Nase to the (V2 br.) Hirschsprung (2905'), a cutting in the rock 
which affords a view of the lower Iller-Tal and the Griinten. We may 
now descend to the right to {^h hr.) Langenwang (p. 24), or follow the 
roid straight on via Riedle and Ober- Maiselstein (2820'; Hir«ch) to (IV2 hr.) 
Fixchen (p. 24). Beyond the Hirschsprung a path to the left leads past the 
Slurmanns- Hohle (see below) to (I3/4 hr.) Fischen. 

From Tiefenbach the Geisberg (4535'; fine view; rfmts, in the neigh- 
bouring chalet) may be ascended in 2 hrs. by a path through wood. Alter- 
native descent via the Raut Alp to Rohrmoos" (p. 32). — The Besler (5510'), 
ascended from Tiefenbach via the Lochbach-Tal or from Ober-Maiselstein 
by the shady Konigsweg via Haubeneck in 3 brs., also affords a beautiful 
view. — The ascent of the Riedberghorn {5S65') from Ober-Maiselstein 
(3 hrs.-, marked path through the Bolgenach-Tal) is easy and interesting; 
descent via the RoJgen^ 21/2 hrs. 

Sturmanna-Hohle, 3'/2-4 hrs. From the (I1/2 hr) Hirschsprung (see 
above) a pa'h aSL-ends to tbe left through wood to the ('/4 br.) Restaurant 
Stnrmannshaus, where tickets (t-4 pers. 3 Ulf, each addit. pers. 60 pf.) are ob- 
tained for the cave (lighted by electricity ; temperature 41-43° Fahr. ; closed 
8-10 a.m. on Sun.), the entrance to which lies 10 min. higher up. The 
visit occupif-s 3/4 br. We first follow a rocky cleft (460' in length) formed 
by erosion in the limestone rocks, then descend by 140 steps into the 
'HoUenrachen', a sort ai pit 205' in depth, and, after passing some small 
rapids, reach the cave-lake. — We may return from the Sturmannshaus 
via Ober-Maiselstein (p. 24) to (iVs hr.) Fischen (p. 24), or via the Hirsch- 
sprung to (50 min.) Langenwang (p. 24) 

Zwingsteg and Walser Schanze. Carriage-road from the N.W. end of 
Ober.stdorf via the Walser Bridge and Rente in I'/a hr. (one-horse carr. 6, 
two horse 10 Jt ; for the whole day, 9 and 18 !M). Pedestrians take the 
road leading due W. from the church to the (V4 hr) Schlechten-BrUcke over 
the Stillach (path to the left to the Waldesruhe Inn and the toboggan- 

AUyitu Alpi^. OBERSTDORF. Map^p.'-Jd. - 1. Ii.4. 27 

run, p. 29), and then ascend to the carriage-road ; i/^ hr., the hamlet of 
Rexte (2910'; 'Hot. -Pens. Panorama, 5 min. to the N., with splendid view, 
see p. 25; Inn 'Zur Gebirgsaussicht\ well spoken of). Hence the road 
a^scends to the S.W. over the hill (pretty views), leaving the hamlet of 
Komau to the right, and finally descends through wood into the Kleine 
Walser Tal, watered by the Breitach. On the frontier is the (3/4 hr.) Inn 
'■Zur Walserfchanz" ('■Sc'hdmle\ 32513'), formerly the Austrian custom-house; 
hence un to Riezlern and Mittelberg. see p. 32. — We now retrace our 
steps for 8 min. and descend through meadows and wood to the right 
to the -Zwingsteg (8U55'), an iron bridge nearly 200* above the Breitach. 
We may either take the path descending before the bridge to the left and 
return through the Breitach - Klamm (see below); or beyond the bridge 
ascend in zigzags to (10 min.) a, and then descend to the 
right to the 0/4 hr.) Klamm Restaurant (see below) and thence to ('/a hr. ) 
Tiefenbach (p. 26), or to (l-l'A hr.) Oberstdorf. 

"Breitach - Klamm , 1V2-2 hrs. (waterproof or umbrella desirable). 
Following the Tiefenbach road tor about 2^ '4 M., wc diverge at the saw- 
mill to the left via the Oib and cross the Starzlach to the (I'/* M.") Breitnch- 
Klamm Inn (omnibus from Oberstdorf thrice daily in 3/, hr., 1 UJf); pedes- 
trians via Reute (see above) require about 1 hr. — The gorge of the Breitach 
has been made accessible by a path (adm. 50 pf.) provided wi|Ji railinjis, 
which ascends between huge wall-< of rock and crosses and recrosses the 
foaming torrent. Passing finally under the Zwing^teg (see above), the 
lower part of the path ends at a beautiful waterfall (where adm. -tickets 
must be shown). A pleasant digre8<»ion may be m;ide (adm. -tickets available 
for the return) to the (20 min.) Waherschanz (see above). — The path, 
beyond this point almost level and chiefly through wood (adm. 20 pf. extra), 
goes on to the ("4 hr.) Restaurant Waldhaus and (50 min.) Riezlern (p. 82). 

'Freiberg-See OOBO"; 1 hr.). To (1/4 hr.) 8t Loretto, see p. 25; 4 min. 
farther on, by the direction-post, the path leads to the right, traversing 
meadows and crossing the Stillach by the Renk-Strg, and ascends to the (8/4 hr.) 
Freiberghdhe (3230'; Inn, R. 2, pens. 5 6 J(i, beyond which the dark-green 
lake lies in a beautiful wooded basin (batbinj-establishment; rowing-boat 
1 jU per hr.). — From the Freiberg-See via the Schwand Inn to Birgtau, 
see p. 28. 

Spielmannsau {Trettach-Tal; carriage-road. 6 M. ; omnibus from the 
station twice daily in 3/4 hr., 1 Ji). recommended for a morning-excursion. 
Road via (^4 M.) Loretto, see p. 25: 'A M. farther on is a finger-post, where 
the road leads to the left across the N. spur of the Himmelschrofen to a 
(1 M.) finger-post (2945'). showing the way to the left over the Zwing- 
Briicke to Gerstruben (see below), and to the right to Spielmannsau. [Pedes- 
trians are recommended to turn to the right (guide-post) above the Miihl- 
Briicke (p. 25) and to follow tbe generally shady footpath which skirts 
the right bank of the Trettach via Gruben (see below) to (1 hr.) the Zwing- 
Briicke and via Oottenried to Spielmannsau.) From the fineer-postwe follow 
the carriage-road on the left side of the finely-wooded Trettach-Tal, passing 
the pretty blue Christies-See (3005'; 'Inn, pens. 4V2-6 Jl) and crossing the 
Trettach and the Travfbach, to the (3 M.) Spielmannsau (3250'; Tannheimer's 
Inn, well spoken of), amid grand scenery. Fine view of the huge Trettach- 
spitze to the S. ; on the left the Kratzer". — To the E. opens the Trauftal, 
from which a toilsome route (not recommended) crosses the MdrzU (7220') 
to (7-8 hrs.) Hinter-Hornbach (p. 31). — A path leads from Spielmannsau 
through the wild ravine, finally high on its right side, to the (1 hr.) Sperr- 
bach-Steg (4025'), in the midst of a grand rocky wilderness. Thence to the 
Kemptner HiUte, see p. 31. 

*H611tobel (IV2 hr.). Either by the shady footpath on the right bank 
of the Trettach (see above) via Gruben (28.55'; plain inn), or by the road 
to the Spielmannsau as far as (2V2 M.) a direction-post indicating the road 
to Gerstruben , which descends to the left and crosses the Trettach by the 
Zwing-Brii/:ke. At (12 min.) a finger-post our path diverges to the right, and 
after '/« 1^'. more we ascend to the left along the Dieterthach to the deep 
rocky cleft of the Bolltobel, in which the brook forms three waterfalls. 
The path first leads to a (10 min.) bridge over the lowest fall, then to 

28 I.R.4. — Map,p.24. OBERSTDORF. AUyau Alps. 

:i platform above the middle fall, and lastly to the (10 min.) -Upper Fall, 
which takes a clear leap into a funnel-like basin. We ascend hence to 
(V* hr.) Gerstruben (3790'; Bestaurant zur Bofats), a hamlet in the upper 
part of the valley, at the base of the precipitous Ilo/ats (p. 29). About 
1 hr. farther up the valley is the Dietersbach Alp (4365'), whence a marked 
path (guide 5 J(, unnecessary) leads across the Aelpele (5835'), between 
the Hofats and Rauheck. to the (3 hrs.) Kdter Alp in the Oytal (see below). — 
From Gerstniben an easy road descends in windings to ('/a hr-) the Zwing- 
Briicke (p. 27 -, hence to Oberstdorf 1 hr.). 

Geisalp Lakes (3-3V2 hrs. ; guide from the upper lake to the Nebelhorn 
Ilaus advisable, 5 Jf). Road to Schollang as far as (2V2 M.) Reichenbach; 
then up to the right to the (1 hr.) Geisalp (3775'; inn), and past a waterfall 
of the Reichenbach to the (1 hr.) Lower Geisalp-See (4955'), picturesquely 
situated in a basin between the Oeisalphorn on the right, and the Entschen- 
kopf on the left. The small Upper Geisalp-See (5805') lies 3/^ hr. farther up; 
thence to the Nehelhorn-Haus (p. 29) across the Geisfuss (6500'), 272 hrs. 
with guide, fatiguing. 

Oytal (to the Stuiben Fall, 3 hrs.), road as far as the inn (one-horse 
carriage 6, two-horse 10 J(, whole day 9 and 18 Ji). By the lime-kiln 
bevond the Miihl-Briicke (p. 25) the road ascends to the right, via the Kiih- 
herg (p. 25^ [Walkers should follow the left bank of the Trettach via 
Stoltingsrnhe to the (25 min.) bridge over the Trettach (reached from 
the Miihl-Briicke also by a path on the right bank), then follow the right 
bank to the (5 min.) Oybach and ascend to the left (before the bridge) to 
join the road.] After 40 min. the road crosses the Oybach and enters an 
open grassy dale ; on the left are the Seewdnde, with waterfalls, on the 
right the wooded Riffenkopf. In 20 min. we reach "Kappelers Inn (3330'), 
where the road ends. The valley turns to the S.E., and a fine survey of 
its head, with the Grosse Wilde, Kleine Wilde, Hollhomer, and Hofats, 
is disclosed. The path crosses to the right bank and then, at the (35 min.) 
Prinzen-Kreuz (3590'J, short of the hunting-lodge Am Hof^ returns to the 
left bank ; here we are 25 min. from the view-platform below the ''Stuiben 
Fall (413{y), a good view of which is obtained from a point 10 min. higher 
up. — About V2 hr. farther up is the Kdser Alp (4615'); thence across the 
Aelpele to Gerstruben^ see above: over the Hornbach-Joch to the Lechtal., 
see p. 31. — From the Stuiben Fall via the Unter and Ober-Gaisbach Alp 
to the (2V2hrs.) Himmeleck (6495') and to (4V2 l»r.«.) Hinterstein, see p. 34. 
From the Schonberg-Eiitte in the Bdrgiindele (p. 33) a path runs to the right, 
skirting the precipitous slopes of the Wilde and Wiedemer, direct to (71/2 hrs. 
from Oberstdorf) the Prinz-Luitpold-Haus on the Hochvogel (p. 33). — From 
tlie Kaser Alp to the Kemi'TNer Hltte, 6 hrs., with guide, repaying. We 
follow the Hornbach-.Toch route (p. 31) to the (3/4 hr.) Schartenbach (5520'), 
cross the stream, to tbe right, and reach the ('/-.' hr.) little lake (6000') at 
the base of the Raviheck. Thence we ascend to the path coming from 
the Aelpele (see above) and cross the N.W. arete to the top of the (13/4 hr.) 
Raulitck (p. 29). whence we proceed over tbe saddle, to the S., to the 
(3/4 hr.) Kvetizeck (p. 29) The descent leads over the saddle to the (V2 hr.) 
Mdrzle (p. 27), then to the right over slope.o of detritus and round the 
Krotteiispitze, and below the slopes of the Muttlerkopf to the (IV2 hr.) 
Kemptner Eiltte (p. 30). 

Birgsau (SfiUacfi-Tnl), an agreeable afternoon's excursion. Carriage 
road to (6 31) Birgsau (omnibus from the station twice daily, 1 ^; one- 
horse carr. 6, two -horse 10 J(, whole day 10 and 12 Jl) and cart-track 
to (IV2 M.) Einodsbach. Another route runs via the Freiberg-See and 
(4V-i M.) Schwand (3160': *Inn. pens. 4V2-5 Jl), with a fine view all the 
way of the head of the valley, and then by Ringang and Feistenoy to 
(41/2 51.) Einodsbach. — To St. Loretto, see p. 25. The road proceeds on 
the right bank of the Stillach. partly through wood, between the Himmel- 
schrofen on the left, and the Schlappolt, and farther on, the Warmatsgund- 
kopf and Griesgundkopf on the right. 6 M. Birgsau (3135': Adler, R. 1, 
pens. 5 M, good), a solitary hamlet commanding a beautiful view to the 
S. of (from left to right) the Trettachspitze , Hochfrottspitze , Bockkar- 
kopf, Wilder Mann, Liakerskopf, and Rappenkopfe. — A good path now 

Allgau Alps. OBERSTDORF. Map,p.24. — L R.4. 29 

leads at the same level for 10 min.. and then ascends (to the left at the 
gaide-post) the right side of the wild ravine of the Stillach; 25 min., 
a platform on the right, with a good view of the gorge (the Bacher- 
yu:dnd)\ 5 min. Einodsbach (3660'; Inn, unpretending), a hamlet near the 
head of the valley (called beyond this the Rappenalpen-Tal). The Backer 
Loch, a huge gully, ascends hence to the Jladelegabel (to the waterfall 
1,2 hr., to the Waltenberger-Haiis 21/2-3 hrs.; see p. 30). 

Mountain Ascents (guides, see p. 25). — "Nebelhorn (7295'), an easy 
ascent of 4-4i/2 hrs. (guide , unnecessary, 5 Jl). We either follow the 
shady path through the gorge from the Faltenbach Fall (p. 25)-, or ascend 
to the left in zigzags from the bridge below the fall , across meadows 
and through wood, to (IVz hr.) the Vordere Seealp (4'240'). In 20 min. 
more we reach the end of the valley (4i85') and ascend a winding bridle- 
path for 3/4 hr., then turn to the right to the (2/4 hr.) Nebelhorn-Haus 
(6330': *Inn, bed 3, mattress i Jt 00 pf.), commanding a fine view. Thence 
to the left to {^/i-i hr.) the summit, a narrow ridge, descending almost 
perpendicularly towards the Ketter.<ch\vang-Tal (p. ^). Magniticent view. 
— The descent from the Nehelhorn-Haus to the Oytal (p. 28) past the 
Seealp-See (5345') is steep and rather laborious but interesting (to Kappeler s 
Inn, 2 hrs. ; the track descending to the lake from tbe Hintere Seealp 
should be avoided, as it there comes to an abrupt end). — The descent 
from the Nebelhorn-Haus by the Geisfuss to the (2 hrs.) Oeisalp Lakes 
(p. 28) is fatiguing tguide advisable). — An interesting pass leads from the 
Nebelhorn-Haus across tbe Zeiger-SaUel (6505") and the Wengen Alp to 
(5 hrs.) Hinterstein (p. 33 ; guide from Oberstdorf 10 Jt). Path to the Prinz- 
Luitpold-Eaus, see p. 28. — The Dauinen (7480'; p. 33) may be ascended in 
3 hrs. from the Nebelhorn-Haus via the Koblat (guide' 10 U(f, with de- 
scent to Hindelang 12, to Hinterstein 13 Jl). 

S5llereck (55y5'), 3^/2 hrs., easy and interesting (guide 6 Jf, not in- 
dispensable). From the (1/4 hr.) Schlechten-Briicke (p. 26) we ascend to the 
left past the Waldesruhe Hotel to (1 hr.) Schlatt. and thence along the ridge, 
finally keeping to the left at the Hdlliiete, to the (2-21/2 hrs.) summit (ad- 
mirable view). An interesting e.xcursion over the arete may be taken hence 
by experts, passing the (1 hr.) Sc7ila[>poU (6445*) on the S., to the (.V2 hr-) 
top of the Fellhorn. — Fellhorn (6685'), interesting and not difficult, 5 hrs. 
(guide, nut indispensable, 6 J(). We follow the Birgsau road (p. 28) as 
far as the (II/2 hr.) bridge of Feittenoy, then take the path diverging to 
the right across the Stillach, ascend the Warmatsgund-Tal, to the S.W., to 
the Warmattgund Alp and (I1/2 hr.) the last hut Am Wank (4525'), and follow 
the pathHo the right to the arete and thence to the N. to the (2 hrs.) top. 
Easy descent to Riezlern in the Walser Tal (p. 32; 21/2 hrs.). — Rauheck 
(782!0'), repaying, in 4 hrs. from Gerstruben (p. 28; guide 8 Uif, not in- 
dispensable). The route leads via the (1 hr.) Dietersbach-Alpe and the 
(IV4 hr.) Aelpele (.see p. 28) to the (3/4 hr.) Rauheck. Thence to the S. 
across the Sattel (7415') to the (3/4 hr.) Kreuzeck (7790'). Descent to the 
S.W. to the (2 hrs.) Kemptner Hiitie (p. 30), or to the S.E. via the March- 
Scharte to the Hermann-von Barth-Hutte (p. 280). Tlie descent on theX.W., 
via the Bettler-Riicken to the Dieters'jach-Tal or the Tranftal^ is dangerous 
and unadvisable. — Hdfats (W. summit, 7405'), ;Ji/2-4 hrs. from Ger- 
struben (guide 15 M; one for each traveller required), difficult and not 
free from danger owing to the extremely steep grass-slopes (60-70°), to be 
attempted only by those quite free from dizziness (climbing-irons neces- 
sary). The Hofattreanne, on the 8.W. side, is botanically interesting. — 
'Hochvogel (861u'), ascended in 71/2-8 hrs. via the Oytal and the Himmel- 
eck., not difficult, but fatiguing, see pp. 23, 34 (guide 14 J(, with descent via 
Hinterstein 18 Jl). Another attractive ascent from the Nebelhorn-Haus 
(guide not indispensable for experts) passes the Groste and Kleine Seekopf, 
the Schochen, and the Lachenkopf, and leads via the Laufbachereck (7145') 
to the Schonherg-Hutte in the Bargiindele (p. 33) and to the (41/2 hrs.) Prinz- 
Luitpold-Haus{^.^). — Grosse Krottenkopf (872)'), the highest summit 
of the Allgau Alps, from the (41/2 hrs.) Kemptner Hiitie (p. 30) by a marked 
path via the Ober- Module- Joch (p. 30) and the Krottenkopf-Scharte (7710') 
in 31/2 hrs. (guide 12 Ji), not difficult. Superb view. Descent through 

30 I. R.4. — Maps,pp. 24,274. OBERSTDOKF. AllgauAlps. 

the Hermanntkar to the (2V2 hrs.) Hermann -von- Barth-HUtte (p. 280). — 
Muttlerkopf (7i65'), ascended from the Kemptaer Hiitte by a marked path 
via the Ober-M;idele-Joch ia 13/4 hr., easy (guide not indispensable). — 
Oefnerspitze (S460'), ascended from the Kemptner Hiitte via the Ober- 
Madele-Joch in 2'/2 hrs. (guide 13 Jl^ incl. the Krottenspitze 15 Uf), rather 
ditlicult. Along the ridge to the ¥.. and h.\g\3i^s\. KroiUnxpiUe (83i5'), */< hr. 
Madelegabel (86S0'), 8 hrs., not difficult for practi.sed mountaineers 
(guide 10 Jl). From (2V2 hrs.) Einodsbach (p. 29) the path ascends the 
Bacher-Tal (wire-ropes at several points) to the (2V-2-3 hrs.) Waltenberger- 
Eam (6840'j, a club-hut (12 beds <fe 23 mattresses) with provision-depot, in 
a line situation. Thence a good path ascends over rocks through the 
Vordere Bockkav to the (I'/z hr.) 5oc*A:ar-(ScAar<€ (8280'), a gap between the 
Hoch/rottspitze and the Bockkai'kopf (S5b5'), traverses the Schtcarzmilt Glacier, 
and finally mounts by the steep E. ridge to the(V4hr.) summit. Magnifi- 
cent panorama. — The ascent from the N. side is easier and not much 
longer. From [the (4V2 hrs.) Kemptner Hiitte (see below) this route diverges to 
the right before reaching the (25 min.) Madele-Joch (see below), skirts round 
the Kratzer via the Schwarze MHz to the Schwarzmilz Glacier and the (3 hrs.) 
summit (guide 10 Ji-, with descent to Einodsbach 12 Jl). — Heilbronner 
Weg from the Bockkar-Scharte to the (3V2 hrs.) Hohe Licht, see below. — 
The Hochfrottspitze (8690'; difficult) may be ascended from the Walten- 
berger-Haus in 2-2^/2 hrs. — The Trettachspitze (8515'), 5-6 hrs. from Ein- 
odsbach via the Einodtberg and over the detritus and snow slopes on the 
N. side, is very difficult (guide 20 jU). 

*Hohe Licht (8700'), 71/2-8 hrs., with guide (from Einodsbach 10 Ji\ 
very attractive and not difficult. From (2V2 hrs.) Einodsbach (p. 29) we 
proceed either via the Peters Alp in 3 hrs., or via the Kiirbertobel, which 
diverges to the left from the Rappenalpen-Tal farther up, and the Happen 
Alp in 31/4 hrs. to the Rappensee- Hiitte (6865'; Inn, 16 beds A; 32 mattresses), 
in grand scenery. Thence the route leads via the Qrosse Steimcharte (p. 32) 
into the Wiesleskar, and then ascends over the S.W. ridge to the(2V2hrs.) 
summit (magnificent view). — A highly interesting path, known as the 
Heilbronner Weg, leads from the Hohe Licht via the Kleine Stein-Scharte 
(8335'), the Steimchartenkopf (8580'), the Wilde Mann (8455'), and the 
Bockkarkopf (8555') to the (3 hrs.) Bockkar-Scharte (see above), but should 
not be tried except by experts with guide (to the Madelegabel 14 J(). — 
Linkerskopf (8055'), from the Rappensee Hut in IV2 hr. (guide 7 J(), 
laborious. — Other ascents from the Rappensee Hut are those of the Rot- 
giindspitze (8155'; IV2 hr.), Hochgundspitze (8070'; IV2 hr), Rappenseekopf 
(!:095'; lV2hr.), and Hochrappenkopf (7950'; IV2 hr.). — Biberkopf (8530'), 
from the Rappen.^ee Hut 3V2-4 hrs., very interesting (guide 14 Jl, not in- 
dispensable for experts). — From the Rappensee Hut to Lechleiten (p. 282) via 
the Biber Alp, 31/2 hrs. (red way-marks ; guide not indispensable for experts). 

Hohe Ifen (7315'), from Riezlern (p. 32) in 4 hrs. with guide (9.ff., 
to Rohrmoos 13 K.), laborious but interesting. The route leads across the 
Breitach and through the Schwarzwasser - Tal to (IV4 hr.) Auen (4400'; 
accommodation). Hence we continue to the right to the (50 min.) Jfen Alp, 
and ascend the Jfenwand by a narrov? path to (2 hrs.) the summit, which 
affords a splendid view. A toilsome descent (only for experts, with guide) 
leads across the fissured and undulating Jfen Plateau, from which rise the 
gigantic cliffs of the Goltesackerwdnde , past the (2i/2 hrs.) Qottesacker Alp 
(6020'), to the Scharte (6455'), whence we descend steeply via the Hoch 
Alp and Kes$ler Alp to (2 hrs.) the Schrine (p. 32). — Via Schdnebach to 
(6 hrs.) Au in the Bregenzer Wald, see p. 27'7. 

Passes. From Obekstdokk to Holzgau on the Lech over the Mddele-Joch 
(71/2 hrs. ; guide, not necessary for experts, 10 Jl), an interesting route. 
To (2 hrs.) the Spielmannsau, see p. 27. From (1 hr.) the Sperrbach-Steg 
(4025') the path ascends in windings to the Knie (4530') and then through 
the Sperrbachtobel to the (2i/2 hrs.) Kemptner Hiitte (6065'; Inn, 23 beds 
at 3 Ji? and 21 mattresses), finely situated on the Obennddele Alp. In 25 min. 
more we reach the Mftdele-Joch (6475'), to the E. of the Kratzer (7955'; 
farther to the N.E., at the foot of the Muttlerkopf, is the somewhat higher 
Ober- Mddele-Joch, 6670'). We now descend abruptly to the Rottgumpen 

AllgauAlps. OBERSTDORF. Maps, pp.24/274.— I. R.4. 31 

Alp in the Hdhenhach-Tal, and to (2 hrs.) HoUgaii (p. 281), 1/2 ^^- sl^'^rt 
of which is a pretty waterfall, near the 'Gesprengte Weg\ Or we may 
follow the path from the Ober-Madele-Joch along the flanks of the Qroste 
Krottenkopf to the Karjoch (7565'), between the Ramstallkopf and Strahl- 
kopf^ and thence descend through the Bernhards-Tal in 31/2 hrs., or (easier) 
skirt the Strahlkopf to the Otunpen-Sattel (74*0') and descend via the 
Bei-nftardseck to (4V* hrs.) Elbigenalp (p. 280). Or from the Ober-Madele- 
Joch we may descend via i\i& Krottenkopf-Scharte {^.2^) to the (3V2-4 hrs.) 
Htrmann-vonBarth-Eiitte (p. 280). — From tlie Kemptner Hiitte to the top 
of the (3'/2 hrs.) Alddeleyabel and via the Heilbronner Weg to the (ciV2hrs.) 
Hohe Lichi, see p. 30; via the Mdrzle and the Himmdeck to (8-9 hrs.) the 
Prim-Luifpold Haus^ see pp 28, 29. 

From Oberstdorf to Elhln in the Lechtal over the Hornbach-Joch 
(10 hrs.). on the whole repaying (guide to Hinter-Hornbach 10 Jl). The 
route first leads through the Oytal (p. 28), past the Stuiben Fall, to the 
(3V2brs.j Kdser Alp i^QlOf ; p. 28); it then ascends to the left, across steep 
grass slopes and detritus, to the (2 hrs.) Hornbach-Joch (6635'), between 
the HollhSmer (7055') and the Jochspitze {12,^'), with a view of the Hoch- 
vogel and the Lechtal Mts. (club-hut under construction; ascent of the 
Rauhtck, 1V2 hr., see p. 29). We now descend rapidly into the Jochhach- 
Tal to the (IV* hr.) Jochbach Alp (4215'), and then by a tolerable path to 
(1 hr. ) Hinter-Hornbach (3610'; Adler, by the church, plain; guides, Josef 
Friedel and Josef Huber), a village charmingly situated at the opening of 
the Jochtal into the Hornbach-Tal. The ascent hence of the Hochvogel 
(8510"), in 4 hrs. (with guide), via the Schwabegg Alp (5570') and by the 
'Biiumenbeimer Path" (wire -ropes) through the Rosskar and across the 
S.E. arete, sLould not, be attempted by any but experts; an easier route 
leads over the Fuchsen-Sattel (6705') into the Fuchskar and thence across 
detritus and the snow-tield in the Kalte Winkel to the pass (7490'), and 
finally to the left to the Schnur and the (6 hrs.) summit (comp, p. 34). — 
From Hinter-Hornbach a marked club-path leads to the S. to (3 hrs,) the 
Eaufbeurer Haua (6.06O' ; provision depot), whence we may ascend the 
Bretterspitze (8560) in 2-2V2 hrs. with giiide, not difficult for experts, and 
the Urbeieskarspitze (8650'), via the Urbeleskar in 2'/2-3 hrs. with guide, 
difficiilt. — To the Hermann von Barth-Hvitte by the 'Enzensperger Weg\ 
o-S'/z hrs. with guide, repaying. The route leads over the Oliegerkar- 
Scharte (8156') to the Oliegerkar^ then to the Lvxnachtr Sattel (6870'), whence 
a path leads to the left to Haselgehr (p. 279). We proceed thruutih the 
Noppenkar to the Balschle-Satltl (730U') and through the Bahchtekar \o the 
Hermann-von-Barth-mute (p. 2J:0) — From Hinter-Hornbach a path leads to 
(I'/z hr.) Vorder-Hornbach (3i9U' : two plain inns) in the Lechtal, and via 
Martinau to (1 hr.) Elmen (p. 279). 

To THE Upper Lechtal over the Schrofen Pass, 6V2-7 hrs. to Lech- 
leiten (guide not indispensable), the shortest way to the Arlberg. The road 
crosses the Stillach beyond (2 hrs.) Birgsau (see p. 28; from Einodsbach 
footpath to the S.W. to the road), and ascends the left bank to the (3/* br.) 
Buchenrain Alp (3705'), commanding a splendid view of the Bacher Tal. 
We then follow the left bank of the Rappenalpenbach to the (8/4 hr.) Rohn- 
echlen-BrUcke (3805'), where the road ends (above, on the right, a shooting- 
box of Prince-Regent Luitpold). Passing the Rappen Alp and the (3/4 hr.) 
Bevgerhojle (4140*) at the mouth of the Kdrbertobel (p. 30) we next reach 
(V2 hr.) the Bibev Alp (4300'), on a hill formed by stony deposits. Beyond 
it we again cross the (40 min.) brook and ascend the abrupt slope by a 
rough, stony path to ('/» hr.) the Schrofen Pass (5645'), which commands 
a fine survey of the Geishorn, Liechelkopf , etc., and (S.E,) Biberkopf. 
A good path now descends (keeping to the left) to (V2 hr.) the Austrian 
custom-house at Lechleiten, a few minutes to the left of which lies the 
'Hirschwirt' (p. 282). Travellers whose destination is Worth (p. 282) follow 
the cart-road to the right. 

Over the Haldenwanger-Eck to Hochkkumbach, 8 hrs. (guide not 
indispensable). To the (5 hrs.) Biber Alp, see above; then on the left 
bank of the stream (the bridge and route to the Schrofen Pass remaining 

32 T. Route 5. HINDELANG. 

on the left) to the Ualdenwanger Alp (5840') and to the (2 hrs.) Halden- 
wangereck (6335'), to the S. of the Ualdenwanger kopf (6570'; ascent in 
'/4hr., interesting). On the descent we ieave the tlirschgehren Alp on the 
left and in 2/4 hr. reach Hochkrumbach (p. 278). 

OvKK THE Gkosse Steinscuarte TO Lechleiten, 10 hrs. with guide, 
laborious. From the (5 hrs.) Rappensee- Hutte (p. 30) to the (^4 hr.) 
Orosse Steinscharte (74'2o'), between the Rotgundspitze and the Hochgund- 
spitze. Thence we descend tlirough the Wiesleskar (ascent of the Hohe 
lacht, see p. 30) tn the Schafalpe in the wooded Hochalpen - Tal and on 
to the Lechtal (p. 282), where a carriage-road ascends to the right to (2 hrs.) 
Lechleiten. A shorter and more interesting path (red marks) leads from 
the Rappensee Hutte via the Mutzentohel (steady head essential), the upper 
Biber Alp, and the Schdnzle to (372 hrs.) Lechleiten. 

From Oberstdorf to the SchrOcken, through the Kleine Walser-Tal 
and over the Gentschel-Joch, 9 hrs., attractive. A post-omnibus plie.-; twice 
daily iu 4 hrs. to Mittelberg, returning in 3^/i hrs. To the (41/2 M.) Walser 
Schanze (3250': inn), see p. 27. The road thence ascends the Kleine Walser- 
Tal, via (7 31.) Riezleni (3555'; Engel, 25 beds at 1 Jl, well spoken of; 
Traube; Stern; guide, Karl Wiistner; ascent of the Hohe Ifen, see p. 30) 
and (8'/'.. M.) Hirschegg (;3690' ; Hirscli) to (10 M.) Mittelberg (3995'; Zum 
Widderstein, 30 beds at 1-1.25, pens. 4-4 K. 50/(., good; Krone, 25 beds at 1-2, 
pens. 4-8 Jf; guide, Gotilii;b Winkel) , the chief place of the valley, 
situated on a green hill. From Mittelberg to (3V2 hrs.) Hochkrumbach, 
over the Gentschel-Joch, see p. 278 (^uide not indispensable ; the Widder- 
slein may be ascended from the Gentschel-Joch in 2V2 hrs.; guide 9 K.\ 
comp. p. 277). The road ends 3 M. farther on, at Baad (4105'; inn), whence 
an tasy path leads to the S., through the Bergujit- Tul and across the 
Bergunt-Joch (6700'), between the Widderstein and Hoferspitz, to (31/2 hrs.) 
Hochkrumbach (p. 278). Another, but fatiguing and uninteresting pass 
crosses the Starzel-Joch (6130') to (4-5 hrs.) Schoppernav. (p. 277). 

From Oberstdorf to Hittisad via Rourmoos, 81/2 hrs., a route some- 
what deficient in interest. Cart-road from (1 hr.) Tiefenbach (p. 26) on 
the left bank of the Slarzlach to ( 11/2 hr.) Rohrmoos (.3510' ; inn), a large 
dairy-farm belonging to Prince Wahi burg. Then by a marshy path to the 
pass (on the left are the Gottesackerwande, p. 30), down the Hirschgunder- 
Tal to the (IV2 hr.) Schrine (326U' ; on the left the fine cascade of the 
Kexselbach), and across the small gorge of the Fugenhach (Austrian frontier) 
to (2 hrs.) Sihratsgfdll (3040'; inn), whence a road leads to (2i/2 hrs.) Hittisau 
(p. 274). — A much more interesting route leads from Tiefenbach through 
the Loc/ibach-Tal, past the Freiburger Alp (4180'), the Oauchenwdnde, and 
Balderschwang, to (9 hrs.) Hittisau. 

5. From Immenstadt to Reutte via Tannheim. 

36'/2 M. Railwat to (5 M.) Sonthofen in 21 minutes. Motor Car from 
Sonthofen to (5 M.) Hindelang 8 times daily in V2 br. (fare 50 pf.); Omnibus 
from Hindelang to Hinterstein twice daily in 1 hr. (fare 65 pf.). Diligence 
daily in 8uinu)er from Hindelang to (8 M.) Schattwald in I '/a hr. (fare 2 Jf), 
and from Schattwald to (I8V2 M.) Reutte daily in 41/4 brs. (fare 3^. 60 /t.). 
One-horse Carriage from Sonthofen to Hindelang in 3/4 hr., b Jf, two- 
horse 1 J(; to Schattwald 12 and 18, to Reutte 24 and hO J(. 

To (5 M.) Sonthofen (2445'), see p. 24. The road to Hindelang 
leads to the E. by Binswany through the broad Ostrach-Tal. On 
the left, the Grunten (p. 24); at its base, the ruin of Fluhenstein. 
To the right, the Imherger Horn (5435')- The road crosses (71/2 M.) 
the Ostrach, and follows the right bank by Vorder- Hindelang to — 

10 M. Hindelang f2705'; Adler or Post, Sonne, bed 1-2, pens. 
4-5 Jf, both good; Hase; Cnfe-Restaurant Kaufmann, also pension ), 

' gkufbe'ui'en.' 

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HINTERSTEIN. /. Route 5. 33 

a large market -village (2635 inhab.) and summer -resort, pictur- 
esquely situated at the foot of the Hirschberg [4775'). 

Fine views from the Rirfe Range, the Kalvarienherg (2850') and the (20 min.) 
Luitpoldt-Hohe (3020'). — Pretty walk to iheN.E. to the ' Uirtcfibachtobel, at 
the (^'i hr.) end of which is a waterfall nearly 200 ft. in height. 

About 3/4 M. to the E. is Bad Oberdorf ('2700'; Prinz Luiipold- 
Bad, -with sulphur-batbs, 30 beds at 1-1^/2, pens. 4-5 J/; Nordpol^ 
25 beds at 1-1 V^ pens. 4-5 UJ<, well spoken of; Bar; Hirsch, 15 beds 
at 1-11/2-^)- About 3/4 M. to the S. is a fall (Schleier-Fall or 'Veil' 
fall) of the Erlesbach^ in a picturesque ravine. 

ExcDESioNS (guide, Alois Blenk). — *Iseler (6155'), by a marked path 
in 21/2-3 hrs., easy. Descent via the G tin d Alp to (11/4 hr.) Oberjoch (p. 3^i). 
— Spiesser (5410'; 21/4 hrs.), another easy and attractive ascent (marked 
path). — 'Daumen (1480'), 5i,2 hrs. (y:uide 6-T ^fi), somewhat laborious. 
From Oberdorf we cross the Ostrach and ascend the picturesque Retter- 
schtcang-Tal to (2V4 hrs.) the Mitlerhaus Alp (3550*; rfmts. and hay-beds); 
thence by a steep path (guide indispensable) via the Haseneck Alp and over 
the DaumeTt-Scharte to C^'/s l>rs.) the summit, Matrnilicent view. — The ascent 
irom Hinterstein (see below) may be made in 41/2-6 hrs. (guide 6 J/), either 
via the ifosle-Alpe and the Nicken-Alpe to the (3i,2 hrs.) Tiir (below us, 
to the left, the Engeratsgnnd-See), and thence by a marked path to the 
arete and (1 hr.) the top; or from the Obertal (see below) past the Engt- 
ratsgund-See (GIBS') or the Laufbxchel Alp (5 hrs.). From the Daumen via 
the Koblat to the J^ebelhorn-Haus, 3 hrs. (see p. 29). 

To the S.E. of Hindelang. between the Iseler and Imberger Horn, opens 
the Hinlersteiner-Tal, IO1/2 M. in length. The road ascends the right bank 
of the Ostrach, past the hamlet of ('/i hr.) Bnick^ at the mouth of the 
Retterschvcang-Tul on the right, and the Sonthofen electricity works, to 
(3M.) Hinteratein (2840'-, Steinadler, 32 beds at 1</-^-2Vj, pens. 4-5 Jif, good; 
Griiner Ilut. l6 beds at I'/z, pens, from 4 Jl, plain; Bad Edelweiss^ 1/2 M. 
higher up), a village I1/2 M. in length, situated among lofty mountains 
(E. theOeishorn, Rauhhorn. Kugelhorn. Falken ; W. the P.reitenberg and 
the Daumen). — The path next passes the Aueleswdnde and ascends through 
wood to the \\h'i hr.) "Eisenbreche (SOTO*), a gorge of the Ostrach 280' in 
depth. (A finger-post points to the right to a platform overhanging the 
abyss.) About VzM. beyond the Eisenbreche the valley expands, and 2/4 hr. 
farther on, at the Enzian-Hiitte (3505'), at the foot of the Giebel. it divides 
into the Obevlal on the right and the Bdrgiindele on the left. 

ExcDKSTONS from Hinterstoin (guide, Anton Kaufmann, jr.). ''Daumen 
(7480'; 41/2-5 hr5., with guide, see above). — The ascent of the Geishom 
(7380'), accomplished in 5 hrs. via the (13/4 hr.) Willers Alp (4725'; beds) 
and the Vordere Scho/icannt (p. 31), is laborious but interesting (guide 6, 
with descent to Schattwald 8 J(). — The Jubilaums-Weg to the Prinz- 
Liiitpold- Haus (7-8 hrs., guide 12 Ji) is an interesting high-level route, 
leading from the (1^/4 hr.) Willers Alp via the Vordere and HirUere Schaf- 
wanne (6420'J, then above the Schreck-See (p. 34). over the pass between 
the Fasttnkopf (^%^') and the Lahnerkopf (6955') into the Schwarzwasser-Tul, 
and finally over the ridge (7100') between the Glasfelderkopf and the Kessel- 
kopf. Frinz-I/uitpold-Haut, see below. 

The ascent of the *Hochvogel (8510'; 8-9 hrs.) is fatiguing but not 
difficult for adepts (guide 10 Uif, with descent to Oberstdorf or to the Horn- 
bach-Tal 16 Jf). From the (21/4 hrs.) Enzian-Hiitte (see above) we ascend 
t(» the left in the Bdrgiindele, near the (1 hr.) Point-Hiitte (p. 34) cross the 
brook, to the left, to the (1/4 hr.) Untere Bdrgiindele Alp (4340' ; milk), and 
aacend rapidly, passing several waterfalls, to the (2 hrs.) Prinz-Luitpold- 
Haus (60£o'-, -Inn, 20 beds and 22 mattresses), situated above a little lake 
in the Obere Tale at the foot of the Fuchskarspitze (7590'). The path hence 
ascends steeply to the E. to the Balken-Scharte (7075'). thence to the right 
by the Sdttele and the snow-field in the Kalte Winkel to the Kaltwinkel- 
Seluirte (7490') and across rocky ledges (the 'Schnur') to (2V2-3 hrs.) the 

Hakdkker's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 3 

34 I. Ii.5. — Map,p.32. TANNHEIM. 

cross on the top. Magniflcent view. Steep de.scent by the BdumenJieimer 
Weg <ir the Fuchseu-Sattel into the IJoi-nbach-Tal (p. 31). — From the 
Prinz-Luitpold-Hatis across the Hiinmeleck to Obersldorf, see p. 28 and below ; 
to the Nebelhorn-Haus^ see p. 29. Via Hiinmeleck and Marzle to the (8V2 hr.) 
Kemptner Biitte, see p. 28; 'Jubilaums-Weg' to the (6-7 hrs.) Willeis Alp, 
see p. 33 

Feom Hinterstein to Obekstdoef via the Zkigek, V/2 hrs. (guide, not 
indispensable, 10 J(). The marked path leads from the (2'/4 hrs.) Enzian- 
Iliitte (p. 33) Ihruugh the Oberial to the (11/2 hr.) bridge over the Wengcn- 
bach. Ir then ascends steei ly to the right to the Lower and Upper Wengen 
Alp (6U10') and crosses the (2 hrs.) Zeiger-Sattel (6505') to the (1/4 hr ) Nebel- 
hvrn-Hatts (p. 2'3), IV2 hr. above Oberstdorf (p. 24). — To Obebstdokk via 
THE liiMMELECK, 9 hrs. (^'Uide 10 Jt), more fatiguing but interesting also. 
From the (2V4 brs.) Enziau-Hiitle (p. 33) we ascend the Bargnndele to the 
(1 hr.) Point -Hiitte (4330'), where we leave the route to the /lochroijel 
(p. 33) to the left, and ovor steep grass-slopes to the (I hr.) i>atb from 
ilie Prinz-Luitpold-Haus (p. 33) to the Nebelhorn-Hau% and to the right to 
( 1 hr.) the Himmeleck (0495'), between the Grosse n'ilde (7810') and the 
Schneck (7440'; ascent in l'/4 hi'., very difficult), affording a fine view of 
the wild llofats (p. 29). We then descend to the Mitteleck (5980') and tlience 
fo the right bv a steep path (wire-rope) via the Upper and Lower Gaisbach Alp 
to the (1 hc.)'Stuiben Fall (p. 28) and through the Oytal (p. 28) to (2^2 hrs. J 
Oberstdorf. An easier route from the Mitteleck leads via the Guten Alp 
(5560') to the, Kaser Alp (p. 23) and thence to the (I'/a hr.) Stuiben-Full. 

Fkom llisTEUsTEiN TO Tannueim via the Willers-Alpe (see p. 33) and 
the Vordere Schafwanne (Geiseck-Joch, 6745'), between the Ranlihorn and 
Geiseck, and [)ast the Vilsalp-See (see below), G hrs. (guide). An easier route 
leads past the Zipfelsbach Fall and crosses the Zipfels Alp (5005'), bet.ween 
the Iseler and Bsehiosser, to (4 hrs.) SchaUwald fsee below). The ascent of 
the Iseler may conveniently be combined with this route; comp. p. 33. — 
To THE Leohtal a difficult route, suitable for adepts only, with guide, 
leads past the pictures'iue Wildsee or Schrecksee (5'JIO') and across the 
Kirchdach-Scharte (G530'), to the .S. of the Knappenkopf, and then descends 
to the right to the Schtcarzwasser-Tul and (6-7 hrs.) Forduich (p. 279). 

Beyond Hindelang the road to Tannheim ascends tlie Jochhenj in 
easy windings (short-cut for pedestrians through the romantic gorge 
of i\\e WUdbach-Tobel). I21/2 M. Oberjoch {3126' ; inn); 1/4 M. 
fartlier on the road leads to the right (that to the left to IJnterjorh 
and Wertach, p. 36) and, before reaching (IB'/o M.) the Vorder-Joch 
(3770'}, passes the Bavarian custom-house. We next cross a mono- 
tonous mossy plateau ; on the right rise the Iseler and the Kxihgund- 
kopf. Beyond the (IG M.) Hinter-Joch (3870') we descend across 
the Tyrolese frontier, pas.s (I73/4M.) the Austrian custom-house of 
Vilsrein, and reach (V4 M. ) — 

J8 M. Schattwald (3515'5 *Traube or Post, 24 beds at 1-1.50 A'., 
good trout; .Sonne), with a sulphur-bath, in the Upper Vilstal 01 
Tannhtimer-Tal. — Farther on the road is good but shadeless and 
driving is preferable to walking. On the left rise the Einstein and 
Aggenstein, in front, the Gimpel and Kollespitze. 

21 M. Tannheim (^3600'; Post, 22 beds at 1-1.50 K., good ; Kreuz), 
or Hufen, the principal place in the valley. 

ExcLKSioNS. To the (1 hr.) Vilsalp-See (3830'; inn) a good path 
ascends through the Vilslal, which opens on the S. We then follow 
the E. bank to the (•/■-• hr.J chalet at the head of the valley, which is 
bounded by the Geishorn, Kavhliom . and Kugelhorn. About 1V2 hr. to 
the S., and higher up, lies tiie pretty Traualp-See (5350'), at the foot 

NESSEL WANGLE. Map, p. 3'2. — /. R. 6. 35 

of the SehochenspUze ('Saalfelder Weg\ see below), whence a route leads 
past the Hohe Trausee (pSSO'), and across the Lachen-Joch, between the Stein- 
karspitze and the Lachensi)it/.e (6990'), to the Schwarzwasser - Tal and to 
Forchach in the Lechtal (see p. 279). — From the Vilsalp-See to Hinterstein 
via the Schafwanne (with accent of the Geishorn)^ see p. a4 ^ to the Prinz- 
Luitpold-Hau" (Jubilaum-'-Weg, ca. 7 hrs.), see p. 33. — The Einstein 
(6125'; not didicult), 2 hrs. to the N. of Tannheiin, commands a good view. 
Descent to Pfronten, see p. 36. 

To the left lies the hamlet of Gran (3615'; Engel; ascent of the 
Aygenstein^ p. 37, 3 hrs.^ with guide, interesting), whence a road 
leads to the N. through the Emje to(10V2M.) Pfronten {j*. 36). 
Beyond the village of C^o^'o -^^-l ffaldensee we reach the picturesque 
lake of that name (3690'), 1 M. long, overshadowed by the precipi- 
tous, wooded Griinspitze (6570'). 

The 'Schochenspitze (6785'), ascended from Ilaldensee by the 'Saal- 
felder We-' (way-:!iarks) via the Slrinden Alp and Gappen/eld Alp in 37'.;- 
4 hrs., is ea-^y. splendid view. Descent to the Traualp-Ste and Vilsalp-See, 
see ab )ve ; path across to the ""Jnliliiums-Wcif (p. 33). 

26 Vo ^^- Nesselwangle (3765'; Weisses Kreuz, plain), at the 
base of the KuUespitze. On the S. rise the Gachtspitze and the 

Excui:sioss (guide, Fran: Mairho/er). From the chinch a marked path 
(red and white) leads tbrough wood to the (V/-^ hr.) Tannheimer Hut (5625'; 
pruvi'iun depot; reached also from the Otto-Maur-Hiitte in 2'/2-3hrs., via 
the Nesselwangle I' Scharte^ sec p. 3S) , finely situated on the Gimpel Alp, 
and the starting-point for the a.scents of the Rote Flilh (6925'; I'Ahr.), the 
Kollespitte or Eelltnspitze (7350'; 2V2 hrs). and the Gimpel (T140'; 2 hrs. I. 
The first is easy and intere.^tin-j; ; the two last difficult. 

The Tannheimer -Tal terminates here. The road descends, 
passes between the hamlets of Raut and Gacht (with the wooded 
Birken-Tal, the Ladienspitze, and the Leilnchspitze on the right), 
and enters the Gacht Pass, the profound and beautifully-wooded 
ravine of the Weissenbach. At (31 M.~) Weissenbach (2^i0' :, Lowe; 
Lamm) we enter the broad and unattractive Lechtal (one-horse 
carriage to Keutte 6 K., but not always to be had). The Klauswald- 
Strasse (^p. 278) is preferable. 

361/2 M. Reutte, see p. 42. 

6. From Kempten to Reutte via Pfronten. 

30 M. Railway in 2'/-' hrs.; from Kempten to Pfronten-Ried, 19 M., in 
I'/j lir. (fares 1 Ji 70 pf., 1 M); from Pfront.n-Ilied to Reutle, 11 M., in 
50-6-.! min. (I A'. 63 or 1 K. 12 h). 

Kempten {pfl^O'\ see p. 20. The local railway (^views to the right) 
crosses the lUer, diverges to the right from the main line, and leads 
past the manufacturing village of Kottem to (21/.2 M.)i)urac/i (2340' ; 
Batzer) and up a steep gradient to (4^2 M.) Sulzherg. The village 
of Sulzberg (Zinth) lies 1^4 M, to the right; the church contains a 
good carved altar. The (1/4 hr.) ruined castle of Sulzberg commands 
a fine view; II/2 M, to the S.W. is the wood-girt Sulzberger See (inu). 
— The line contiiiue.s to asce/id to (5 M. ) lodbad Sulzbrunn (2685' ; 

36 I.R.6. — Map,p,3'2. PFRONTEN. From Kempten 

Reichsadler), the station for the iodine baths of Sulzbrunn. Thence 
it runs through wood, with glimpses of the mountains, via (7^2 M.) 
Bodelsberg (Konigl and (8V2 M.) ZoUhaus Peterstal (2920'; Hirsch), 
descends into the marshy upper part of the Rottach-Tal, and ascends 
again to (11 M.) Oy (2980'). The village (Gdtt; StachJ^ on a hill to 
the right, commands a fine mountain-view (to the E, the Zugspitze 
and Siiuling, to the W. the sharp outline of the Griinten). Beyond 
Oy the railway reaches its highest point (2995'} and then gradually 
descends in a wide curve round the village of Haslach to (1272 M.) 
Wertach (2920'; Wertacher Hof). 

A diligence plies thrice daily from the station to (3 M.; in 3/4 hr.) 
Wertach (3000'; Engel; Adler), a" prettily situated village (1250 inhab.), 
rebuilt after, a lire in 1893, a convenient starting-point for ascents of the 
Urunten (5710'; 872 hrs.; comp. p. 'i4), the Wertacher Horn (5560'; 3 hrs.), the 
Sorgschrofen (Zinken, 5290'; 2V2-3 hra.), etc. A road leads to the S. through 
the Wertach-Tal to (I'/s hr.) Unterjoch^ branching there to (1 hr.) Oberjoch 
t.i the right, and (l'/* hr.) Schattwald (p. 34) to the left. 

The railway now enters the Wertacli-Tal to the N.E. and beyond 
(137.2 M.) Maria-Rain (2630') crosses the Wertach by a handsome 
bridge 90' high. — 15 M. Nesselwang (2845'; Post, 20 beds at 
1-1 V2 '^^> T{rone; Bar; Rail. Restaurant, with rooms), a pleasant 
village (1800 inhab.), frequented as a summer-resort, at the foot of 
the ALpspitze (5170'). 

Excursions may be made hence to ('/a hr.) the Water/all, the (2/4 hr.) 
ruins of Nesselburg, the (1 hr.) pilgrimage-church of Maria-2'rost^ or to 
(IV2 hr. ; carriage-road) Wertach (see above). — The *Edelsberg (5350') is 
t'asily ascended hence by a marked path in 2 hrs. Immediately below 
the top is the open Edeltberg Pavilion; at the top is a mountain-indicator. 
Fine view extending to the Sentis and the Lake of Constance. Descent to 
Ffronten^ see p. 37. 

The Falkenstein comes into sight in front as the train proceeds ; 
to the right rise the Brentenjoch and Aggenstein. 17 M. Kappel 
(2870') is one of the thirteen villages constituting the district of 
Pfronten (perhaps Frons Rhaetiae?). 18 M. Pfronten-Weisshach 
(2885'; Rossle ; Haf s Brewery ; Post). — 19 M. Pfronten-Ried (2870'; 
*Railway Hotel zum Falkenstein, 28 beds at 1-3, pens. 4-5 J^; Kreuz), 
pleasantly situated on the left bank of the Vils, is frequented as 
a summer-resort, like the adjacent villages of Heitlern (Adler), 
Dor/ (Krone), (Sieiwac/i (Dampfross ; Lowe), and Bcrgr (Stegmiiller). 
Swimming-bath in the Vils, in the upper Weidach-Anlayen, near 
Heitlern, 1/0 M. from the station. 

ExcuKSiONs (guide, K. Eberle of Pfronten). Starting from Ried we cross 
the Vils, traverse Heitlern and Dorf, and taking the footpath to the right 
200 paces farther on ascend to the G/-2 hr.) Ascha, on the slope of the 
Kienberg, commanding a charming view of the lower valley of the Vils 
(Sauling, Zugspitze). Return on the W. side through wood to the (1/4 hr.) 
Bl&sles-MUhle and thence along the Weidach to (V2 hr.) Ried. — Fine 
views from the (20 min.) Cemetery and from the (1/4 hr. farther) Hdrnle 
above the village of Kerg. — Pleasant walk via Heitlern and Dorf to the 
(I'A hr.) Fallmiihle (3050'; good inn with grounds) in the valley of the Diirre 
Ach, and thence on to (40 min.) the Kotbach or Hobach Fall (1 hr. from Gran 
via the Enge; ascent of the Einstein iu 3/4 hr. ; comp. p 35). From the Fall- 
miihle we may proceed to the W., across the ridge between the nearer and 

to Reutte. VILS. Map, p. 31-'. — /. Route 6. 37 

the farther Kienberg ('Himmelreich'), to the (IV2 hr.) Yilstal Saw-Mill (inn), 
and thence back to (3/4 hr.) Ried. 

The ascent of the 'Falkenatein (4190) is easily made in 11/2 hr. From 
the station we cross the Faule Ach and ascend straight on (guide-boards) 
to Meilingen; thence we follow the carriage-road across the plateau, and 
ascend through wood in windings to the Burg Hotel (open May Ist-Oct. 15th, 
14 beds at IV2 M)^ with view-terrace. About 2 min. higher are the ruins 
of a castle destroyed in 1646, which King Louis II. proposed to rebuild 
(model at Neu-Schwanstein). From this point we enjoy a fine view of the 
Schwangau Alps, the Wetterstein peaks and Zugspitze, and the Tannheim 
group, as well a^ of the Bavarian plain. A footpath descends from the inn 
to (5 min.) the Marten Grotte, with a statue of the Madonna by Th. Haf. 
We may descend to the S.E. to (^/t hr.) Schonbichl (see below), or to the 
E. b> a marked path via the Salober Alp to (2 hrs.) the Alat-See (p. 39). 

The -Edelsberg (5350') may be ascended in 3 hrs. from Ried via Balden 
and the lio/Ieiter Alp. Descent "to Nesschvang, see p. 36. 

The 'Aggenstein (6520" ; 4V« brs.) is an easy and attractive ascent 
(marked path) Crossing the Achen-Briicke beyond the station ofPfronten- 
Steinath we turn to the right towards the ravine of the Eeichenbach, pass 
the Keichenbach Fall (2 min. to the left of the path) and the (2 hrs.) source 
of the ."-tream, and via the Bose Tritt, or 'bad step", reach the (l'/4 br.) 
Pfrontner Hutie (5890'; Inn, 11 mattresses) and (3/4 hr.) the summit (fine 
view). Edelweiss is found on this mountain. The descent may be made 
to (2 hrs.) Gran (p. 36) or via the Reintaler Jdchle (6056') to the (3V2-4 hrs) 
Olto-Mayr-Euile (see below). From the Reintaler Jochle the t^chlicke (6760') 
may be ascended in ^j^ hr. (eomp. below). 

From Pfronten to Fiissen (p. 38) there are two roaris. One (to the left) 
runs via Meilingen and skirts the Wtissensee (2580') to (7'/2 M.) Fiissen; the 
other via the station of Clricht-Briicke (see below : 12 M.; railway thus far 
in 43 min.) and across the bridge to Fiisscn (2^4 M. farther). 

The railway crosses the Ache at (20 * 2 M.) Pfronten-Steinach and 
descends the broad valley of the Vils, crosj^ing the Reichenbaeh (see 
above) and the Tyrolese frontier, to (21^/2 U.) Schonbichl (2166' ; 
inn, good wine), at the S. foot of the precipitous Falkenstein (see 
above). It then crosses the Kuhbach before ('23V2 M.) Vils (2715'; 
Post; Grilner Baum; Zur Schlicke'), the smallest town in Tyrol (600 

Excursions. From Schonbichl or from Vils an easy and interesting 
path leads through the KiU.hach- Tal, with its waterfalls, to (IV2 hr.) the 
Vitsev Alp, and thence across the Kleine Schlicke (6055') to the (4 hrs.) Olto- 
Mayr-HUtte. More difficult (wire-rope) is the Vilser Scharie (6235'), whence 
experts may ascend the SchUcke (6760') in 3/4 hr. (better from the Otto-Mayr- 
Hiitte, see belnw). — From the Vilser Alp to the Ag(,enstein (see above) via 
the Vilser Jdchle (5415'), 3 lirs. with guide, attractive and not difficult. 

Before reaching (25 M.J the L'lrichs-Brucke (Ulrichsbriicke Inn, 
well spoken of; omnibus to Fu.«sen thrice daily in 50 min., 40 pf.) 
the line bends to the S. and skirts the left bank of the Lech to (26 M. 
Musnu (Reintal Inn). 

To the Reintal, a highly interesting excnr.-ion (to the Otto-Mayr-Hiitte 
S'/abrs.). A marked path diverging to the right at the upper end of Musau 
(finger-post) ascends steeply via the Achtel into the picturesque Reintal. 
and proceeds to the (I3/4 hr.) Mu'auer Alp (4220'; Nalurfreunde Inn) and 
to the (34 hr.) Otto-Mayr-Hiitte (5250'; "Inn, 17 bed.s and 11 mattresses) 
on the Futtener Alp., in grand environs. The 'Schlicke {Karettc/iro/en, 
6760') may be ascended from the Otto-Mayr-Hiitte in I'/z hr. (easy); the 
top, with a cross and an open refuge-hut, commands a splendid view, 
particularly of the neighbouring Tannheim Alps Descent to Vils or Schon- 
bichl, see above. — 'The 'Aggenstein (6520'; see above) , from the Otto- 

B8 7. Route 7. FL'SSEN. 

Mayr-Hutte in 41/2-5 lirs. (not difficult) via the Reinlalcr Jddde (6055'), tlic 
Fiissenir JiJehU (5960'), and the Sebengall Alp. — Tlie Gi7npe! (7140'; 2^2 hrs.), 
the KdllespUze (i350'; 2V4 hrs.), and tlie Ofvenxpitze (7100'; 3 hrs.) also may 
be ascended by experts from the Otti-Mayr-Hvitte; comp. p. 35. — From 
the Otto-Mayr-IIiitte to the Tannheimer Eiitte (p. 35) via the Nesielwnnglcr 
Schnrte (ca. ('560'), between the Kollespit/.e and the Kleine Gimpel, 2V-2-3 hrs., 
marked path, but guide desirable for novices (see p. 35). A more b-xborious 
route leads from the Musauer Alp (p. 37) to the Tannheimer Hiitte over 
the (6360')-, 3V2-4 hrs. (guide advisable, G .//). 

Farther on the railway threads the RossscJddg Pass, crosses the 
Lech by a long bridge near Vnterletzen, and leads via (28V2 M.) 
P/Iach (2755'; Schwan) to (80 M.) lieutte (p. 42). 

7. From Biessenhofen to Reutte via Fiissen. Hohen- 

From Biessenhofen to Fiissen, 23 M., Local Railnsay in l-'/i br. (3 Jif, 
1 Ji 85 pf.). This railway starts from Kaufbeureu ; passengers by express 
trains which do not st(>p at Biessenhofen change caiTiages at Kaufbeuren. 
Omnibus (in connection with the trains) from Fiissen to Hohenschvvant,'au 
( V4 hr. ; 70 pf., there and back iJi^Opf.)-. also hotel-omnibuses from the 
Hohenschwangau hotels (I Jf). Carriage from Fiissen to Hohenschwangau, 
with one horse 4, with two horses (5 Jf, there and back with 1 hr's. stay 
5 or 8 Jf, half-a-day 6 or 10 J/,; to Neu-Schwanytein 6 or 9 Ji, there anil 
back S or 12 J/-. Driver's fee 10 per cent of the fare. — From Fiissen to 
Reulte via the Ulrichs-Briicke by omnibus and train, see p. 39. 

Biessenhofen, see p. 20. — I1/2 M. Ehenhofen. — 4 M. Oberdorf 
(2390'; Alte Post; Neue Post), a market-town with 2160 inliab. and 
an old royal chateau (branch-line to the S.E. to Lechbruck, 13^2 M., 
in 1 hr.). — 7 M. Leuterschach; 9'/2 ^I- Balteratsriecl ; 11 M. Lengen- 
wang ; 14V4 M. Seeg (2680'), a village on the liill to tJie right, with 
iodine baths and the little Seeger See. — Beyond (16 M.) Enzen- 
stetten the rnin of Falkenstein (p. 37) appears to the right, with the 
Aggenstein behind it (p. 37). — 17^2 M. Weizem-Hopferau. Neu- 
Sfhwanstein is visible on the left. 20 M. Reinertshof, on the E. 
bank of the fJopfensee (2505'). 

23 M. Fiissen.. — Railway Restaurant, with rooms. — Hotels. *Bateri- 
scuEK HoF, at the station, 80 beds at 8-5, B. l^A, D. 2-3, pens. b^l-i-'^iJl; 
'"HiRSuii, 3 min. from the station, 60 beds at 11/2-4, pens. b^/z-T ^S ; Altk 
Post, well spoken of: Nkue Post, 35 beds at 1 1/4-2. pens. 4V,j-6^,- Mohb; 
Sonne, with garden ; Hox.-Pens. Ned-Schwanstein, 22 beds from l'/2, pens, 
from b Jf ; Lowe, 30 beds at l'/4-l'/2, pens. 4-5 J( ; Baumgarten; Schikf. — 
Niemann s Ca/i tt Wine Restaurant, Reihen-Sfrasse (with rooms, pens. 6-10 J() ; 
Cafd Angm!a; Cafi Luilpold. — Guides. Anselm and Joh. Mich. Kiechle; 
Max Slreidl; Fried. Mossaxier. 

Fiissen (2615'), a small town (4458 inhab.) charmingly situated 
on the Lech, with a castle erected by the bishops of Augsburg in 
1322 and restored by King Max II., presents an attractive picture 
of a mediaeval town. Below the castle are the suppressed Benedictine 
abbey of St. Mang, founded in 629 (now private property), and the 
Church of St. Magnus, erected in 1701 on older foundations. The 
gate in the town-wall between tlic castle and the churcli commands 
a fine view. Near the Bayerischer Hof is a bronze Statue of Prince 

HOHENSCHWANGAU. /. Route 7. 39 

Regent Luitpold. by Al. Mayer (1903). The rope-works on the 
right "bank of the Lech employ about 1000 hands. 

On the W. side of the town is the Baumgayien, with pretty prome- 
nades. — T.) (','2 M.) the Lech-Klamm, with the Ki3ni.iOJax-Steg, see p. 42. 
About V2 M. t<. the W. is the sulphur-bath of Faulenbach (32 beds at 1-1 V4, 
pens. 3'/j-i'/.> J(), near the little Faulenbacher See (bath-establishment and 
pension-restaurant); and 27* M farther on lies the pretty Alat-See C^TiO"; 
inn in summer), 1/2 hr. from which is the Salober A'p, with charming view 
(thence to the Falkenstein. 2 brs., see p. 37). From tlie Alat-See a pleasant 
route leads back to Fiissen in IV2 hr. via the Kobelvceg. — On the left bank 
of the Lech is the (3 M.) wine-restaurant of Ldnde (p. 42); on the right 
bank is the (IV2 M.) Weiishaut (p. 42). A marked path leads hence, turn- 
ing to the left at the Austrian frontier, via the Eotetcand and the Galmei- 
kopf (fine views from both) to the (l'/.r2 hrs.) Schltucen Inn (p. 42). 

On the right bank of the Lech, a few hundred paces above the bridge, 
a path (guide-post) with pilgrimage-stations ascends from the church to 
the (1/2 hr.) •Kalvarienberg (3130'). surmnunted by three crosses, and com- 
manding a fine view of Fussen. Hohenschwangau, Neuschwanstein, etc. A 
footpath leads hence, skirting the Scfiicantee, to (1 hr.) Hohenschwangau. 

From Fiissen to Reutie (p. 4'2), diligence in 50 min. (50 pf.), in con- 
nection with the trains, to Ulrichs-Briicke Station (p. 37), then railway in 
27 min. via Musau (the station for the Reintal, p. 37). — Omnibus from 
Fussen via Rei/tte, Plansee. and Linderhof to Oberau (38 M.), twice daily in 
summer in 12 hrs. (fire 8' -j U5?), and from Hoherischwangau (Hot. Schwan- 
8ee)»to Parte nkirchen, in 13 hrs. (9 Jf)- see H. 10b. 

The Ro.\D FBOM FtssBN TO HoiiExscHWANGAU (3 M.) crosses the 
Lech, turns to the left, and descends the right bank of the river. 
It then tnrns to the right (to the left the road to Schwangan), 
passing the (1/2 hr.) Cafe Rupprecht and the AlterschrofiFen Inn, 
leads through the royal park, and skirts the Schlossberg to (I/2 hr.) 
Hohenschwangau. — Pedesteiaxs (IV'4 hr.) follow the road to 
Reutte (p. 4'2). to the right beyond the bridge, for 5 min., then 
ascend the path to the left on the slope of the Kalvarienberg, which 
leads past the (7 min.) view-point known as the 'Kanzel' , and 
passes through wood to (6 min.) the 'Konigs-Strasse' (no carriages 
allowed). We descend this road, to the left (path straight on to the 
Alpenrosen-Weg, see below), and pass through the (18 min.) deer- 
fence (view of the Schwansee, overlooked by Hohenschwangau on 
the right and Neu-Schwanstein on the left), and almost immed- 
iately, before reaching the iSchwansee (2588'), take the footpath to 
the right across the ('25 min.) ridge, where the Alpenrosen-Weg 
(see below) joins our route, to (12 min.") the village of Hohen- 
schwangau. — A shadier route (IV2 ^'^O ^^ offered by the Alpen- 
rosen-Weg^ which winds along the slope of the Schxcarzenberg, 
commanding beautiful views. This route may be joined from the 
Schwarz-Briicke (p. 42; diverging to the left, 10 min.) or from the 
Konigs-Strasse (see above). 

Hohenschwangau. — Hotels. "Hotel-Pens. Schwansee, 1/2 M. from 
the 41p-See. open April-Oct., 1?0 beds at 1V2-4. D. 31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 71/2- 
iO^/iJl: 'Hot. -Pens Alpeneose, finely situated on the Alp-5>ee, open 3Iav- 
Sept., 160 beds at 3-7. B. I1/2, D. 4, pens. 8V2-14^; -^Hot.-Pens. Lisl, 92 beds 
at 13/4-3' /■.-, B. \ Jl. — All these have omnibuses at the station of Fussen 
(1 UK). A railway-omnibus also meets all trains (70 pf.). — Apartments to 
be had in summer. — Small bathing-house on the Alp-See (bath 30 pf.). 

40 J.R.7. — Map,p.38. HOHENSCHWANGAU. 

The castle of Neu-Schwanstein is open from May lOtb to Oct. 18tli. 
week-days 9-12 and 2 5, Sun. and holidays 10-12 and 2-5 (adm. 3 J(, on Sun. 
I'/i •^)h closed on June 13th, the anniversary of King Louis II. 's death. The 
chateau of Hohenschwangau is open at the same hours (adm. 50 pf.). 

Hohenschwangau (2690') , a small village at the foot of a liilJ 
crowned by the castle of the same name, is a pleasant summer-resort 
with numerous attractive walks in the vicinity. It lies near the 
beautiful bluish-green *Alp-See, wliich is girdled with fine woods, 
while the steep crags of the Pilgerschrofen rise above its S. end. 
Opposite the Alpenrose Hotel begins the 'Fiirsten-Strasse' (open to 
pedestrians only), from which (3 min.) a road to the right to Schloss 
Hohenschwangau and (8 min.) the above-mentioned footpath to 
Fiissen diverge. About 40 paces farther on a footpath leads to the 
left to the 'Pindar-Platz', a rocky projection with a view of the 
lake (p. 42). Well-made paths make the entire circuit of the lake 
(II/4 hr.). — The footpath to the old Schloss ascends opposite the 
Lisl Hotel (5 min.; adm., see above; duration of visit about 40 min.). 

^Schloss Hohenschwangau (2840'), formerly called Schwan- 
stein, originally belonged to the house of Guelph but in 1567 passed 
to the Dukes of Bavaria. It was sold for a trifling sum in 1820 ^nd 
in 1832 was purchased by King Max II. of Bavaria (d. 1864), then 
crown-prince, who caused the ruin to be entirely reconstructed and 
decorated with frescoes from German legend and history by Schwind^ 
Lindenschmit , and other Munich artists. The castle commands 
charming views of the plain, the Alp-See, and Neu-Schwanstein. 
It was the favourite residence of Kings Max II. and Louis II. The 
little garden, to the left of the entrance to the castle, contains a 
Marble Bath, cut out of the rock, with two nymphs, by Schwan- 
thaler, and the Lion Fountain, by the same artist. 

Opposite the ascent to Hohenschwangau, near the Lisl Hotel, 
begins the road to (25-30 min.) Neu-Schwanstein, from which 
(5 min.) the road to the Blockenau (p. 41) diverges to the right; 
6 min. farther on (opposite the footpath from the Hotel Schwansee) 
a steep footpath ascends on the right to the Jugend; and 12 min. 
farther on a bridle-path diverges to the right, near a booth on the 
left side of the road, for the Jugend and the Marien-Briicke. The 
road next passes tlie Schloss Restaurant (5 rooms, well spoken of) 
and in 8 rain, reaches the castle of — 

*Neu-Schwanstein (3165'), begun by King Louis II. in 1869 
on the site of the old castle of Vorder- Hohenschwangau, and beau- 
tifully situated on a precipitous rock above the profound ravine 
of the PoUat. The castle, built in the llomanesque style by DoU- 
mann, Riedel, and Hofmann, is planned somewhat after the style 
and arrangement of the Wartburg, but on a much larger scale. 
Through the Gatehouse on the N.E. (adm., see above) we enter the 
first court, in which to tlie right (N.W.) is the Palas or main build- 
ing, to the left ( the Kemenate^ or women's apartments, and 
in the middle the Ritterbau. The visit takes about 1 hr. The castle 

^1 iclisVruclie 

' ^v 

^ ^-'<^^Mf'-A 1^ nil-'' 

! i ', >i\ ■.'.* I _ '2:; ra "?' ? /f «J 



^\ ^/^7^ 


^■^^ii tv 




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HOHENSCHWANGAU. Map,p.38. — LR.7. 41 

is splendidly fitted up, and its windows command beautiful views 
of Hohenschw angau and the Alp-See to the S., and of the gorge 
of the Pollat and the Marien-Briicke to the E. 

The imposing Palas haa four stories : the groundfloor contains the 
offices, the first floor is occupied by the attendants, the second is unfin- 
ished, and the royal apartments are on the third. Visitors ascend to the 
third floor by a staircase of 96 steps in the massive N. ti)wer, 196' high. 
The landing at the top of the staircase is adorned with frescoes by Hau- 
schild, illustrating the legend of Sigurd. To the left we pass through the 
Adjutants' Room to the King's Studij, with scenes from the story of Tann- 
hauser by Aigner; and thence through the Stalactite Grotto to the former 
Winter Garden, a balcony commanding a fine view of the plain. Next follow 
the Sitting Room, with pictures from the Lohengrin legend by Hauschild: 
the Dressing Room, with scenes from the lives of Walter von der Vogel- 
weide and Hans Sachs by Ille ; the Gothic 5edc/ia;n6er, with illustrations 
of the story of Tristan and Isolde by Spiess; the Oratory, with scenes 
from the life of Louis IX. by Hauschild (fine view of the valley of the 
Pollat from the balcony). The Dining Nail is embellished with scenes 
from the Wartburg under the Landgrave Hermann , by F. Piloty. The 
ante-chamber leads back to the landing, whence we enter the Throne Roain, 
with pictures by Hauschild. representing the relations of monarchy to 
religion. It has a mosaic floor and an open loggia. — The lauding at the 
top of the staircase on the fourth door is adorned al.^o with a series of 
12 pictures from the story of Gudrun, by Hauschild. On this floor is the 
large "fesfsaal or Sdngersaal (Minstrels' Hall), 90' long, with pictures from 
Wolfram von E8chenbach''s 'Parzival' by Spiess, Munsch, and F. Piloty. 

A footpath, diverging to the left from the road at the N. angle of the 
castle, leads to the \V. round the castle to the above-mentioned bridle- 
path. Before the latter is reached (4 min.), a footpath de.«cends to the 
left to the Gorge of the Pollat, where we have a view of the castle and 
of the Pdllat Water/all (So*). We ascend by the bridle-path and in 
5 min. reach a point whence two footpaths diverge: one, to the right, 
leading down to the (1 min.)"^*Jugend (2955'), a clearing in the wood 
commanding a charming view of Hohenschwangau and the Alp-See; the 
other, to the left, ascends to the (4 min.) "^^Marien-Briicke, a handsome 
iron bridge 138' long, which boldly spans the rocky gorge of the Pollat 
at a height of 295' above the waterfall and affords the best view of Xeu- 
Schwanstein. — Returning from the bridge, we take the path to the left, 
which brings us in 2 min. to the Blockenau road, at which also the bridle- 
path ends (to Hohenschwangau village by this road V2 hr.). 

From Hohenschwangau a direct and interesting route leads to Linder- 
hof (p. 57) in 6 hrs. (guide unnecessary). A road leads through the Pollat- 
Tal to the (li/--' hr.) royal shnoting-lodge in the Blockenau, and thence a 
good footpath crosses the Schiitzensteig or Jigersteig (i660'.i to the (1 hr.) 
Jdger-Hutte and down to the (1 hr.) Ammerwald Hotel (p. 58). 

To the Tegelberg (593'J'), 3 hrs., a pleasant excursion. We ascend the 
hunting-path from the Marien-Briicke (see above) or the road to (3 M.) the 
Bldctenau (see above), diverging to the left at the 'Verbotener Weg' placard 
and ascending in windings to the (2 hrs.) royal hnnting-lodge (closed), which 
commands a beautiful view of mountain and plain. Hence to the top of 
the Brandschrofen (6170'), marked by a cross, in 25 min. more (steady head 
necessary). During the shooting-season, at the end of Aug. and beginning 
of Sept.. the ascents of the Tegelberg, Sauling, etc., are closed to the public. 

The *Siluling (6715') may be ascended from Hohenschwangau by a 
club-path (steep at the end) via the Aelpele in 372-4 hrs.. without difficulty 
(guide 6 J(, not indispensable for experts). Fine view from the W. summit, 
on which is a cr.j.'^s (Austrian frontier). The descent may be made by a 
marked path to (2V2 hrs.) P/lach (p. 42; ascent thence in 3V2-4 hrs.)' or 
direct to the Schluxen Inn (p. 42). 

The Hochplatte (6830'; guide necessary), ascended from the (2V2 hrs.) 
.lager-Hiitte in the Pollat- Tal (see above) in 2-2 V2 hrs. (last hour fatiguing), 
commands a finer view than the Sauling. 

42 /. Route 8 REUTTE. 

A pleasant day's excursion may be made from Ilolicnscliwangau to 
the ruin of ^falkenttein (p. 37; carriage with one horse 18, two horses 30^ 
and fee, there and bark). 

Pedestrians from Ilolienscbwangau to Eeutte C^ M.) follow the 'Fiirsten- 
Strasse' (p 40), high on the N. bank of the Alp-See, or the good path past 
the 'Pindar-Platz' (p. 4(1), to the end of the lake, and then return to the 
road. We pass the (1^/4 M.) Austrian frontier-station and descend in wind- 
ings, turninj; to the left at tlie {\U hr.) Schlva:en Inn (well spoken of), and 
following the Pinswang road to (3 M.) Pflacli (see below). 

The Road from Fussen to Reutte leads up the right bank of 
tlic Lech to (7 min.) a narrow ravine (on the left bank a bust of 
King Max II. ; on the right bank a war-monument). At the St, Mang- 
tritt the gorge is spanned by the iron Konig-Max-Steg^ affording a good 
view of the fall of the Lech, and leading, to the right, to the (5 min.) 
stilphur-baths of Faulenhach (p. 39) and, to the left, to the (^/^ hr.) 
charmingly situated Inn zur Ldnde. — We then cross the (5 min.) 
Schwarz-Briicke (p. 39) and reach the Austrian frontier at the 
(10 min.) Weisshaus (_*Miiller's Hotel). The main road then crosses 
the Lech by the (36 min.) VLrichs-Briicke (rail, station, see p. 37), 
passes Musau and Rossschldg, and shortly before reaching (13/4hr.) 
P/lach (see above) recrosses to the right bank. We here cross the 
Arch-Bach and proceed through the broad valley of the Lech to 
(21/4 M.) Eeutte (see below). 

Pcdeairians will find it shorter and pleasanter to diverge to the left 
before reaching the Ulrichs-Brucke, and proceed by Unter- Pinswang (leav- 
ing the Scfiluxen Inn^ see above, to the left) and the Kniepass (2980'), a rocky 
barrier narrowly confining the Lech, to (i'/a M.) Pflach. 

8. From Reutte to Imst or Telfs via the Fern Pass. 

From llcutte to (3:3 M.) Imst trail, stat.), Motor Service twice daily in 
.summer in 4-4V2hrs. (U A".); Diligence twice daily in H-lO hrs. (11 K. GOh.) ; 
Omnibus in 9 hrs. (9 K. iOh.). — From Keuttc to f42 M.) Telfs (rail, stat.), 
Diligence dailv in summer in 9 hrs. (13 K. OO /<•); from Nassereit to 
(I71/2 M.) Telfs,' ToDRi ST Omnibus twice daily in 3'/2-4 hrs. {i K. 10 A.). 

Reutte. — Hotels. =PosT, 60 beds at 11/2-5 A". ; "Hirsch, 70 beds at 
l'/2-3'/2, pens, b-l K.; ' Tiroler Hof, at the station, 5 ) beds at 1V4-3, pens. 
5-7 A'. ,• Adler, 45 beds at 1 '/4-2 A ; Rose, 22 beds at 1V4-2 A. ; Mohr, Krone, 
Glocke these three plain but good. 

Carriage from Reutte to Fiissen and Hohenschwangau, with one horse 
16, with two horses 30 A. ; to Garmisch via Plansee 22 or 36 A". ; to Linder- 
hof 24 or 40 A. ; to Ober-Amraercau 33 or 50 K. ; to Elbigenalp (Lechtal) 
•22 or 36 A. ; to Tannheim IG or 26 A. 

Eeutte (2790') is a small town (1800 inhab.) in a wide valley, 
intersected by the Lech, and surrounded by lofty mountains: N. 
the Sauling and Diirreberg, E. the Zwieselberg and Tauern, S. 
the Axljoi^h , Thaneller , and Schlossberg, S.W. the Schwarzhans- 
karkopf, W. the Gachtspitze , Gehrenspitze, and Gimpel. The 
(5 min.) Wolfsberg, a hill between the town and the Lech, is a 
good point of view. 

At the church of Breitenwang (Kerber's Inn)^ V2 M. to the E. of Reutte, 
is a monument to the Euip. Lothuire, who died here in 1137, on his return 
from Italy. The mortuary chapel contains a Dance of Death in relief. 


^ LERiMOOS. /. Route S. 43 

Altout 3/4 M- farther on, at the fool of the Tauern, is Bad Krekelmoos^ with 
mineral springs. — About 1 M. to the N.E., on the Arch-Bach, lies Miihl 
(2855' ; inn), with baths and a swimming-ba.«in. In a hollow on the slope 
of the Biirreberg, about V4 br. higher, is the small Uri-See, whence we 
mav proceed by the 'Hcrmannsteig' (see below) to the Stuiben Falls and 
the" (11, 2 hr.) Plansee. 

To the -Stuiben Falls, 2-21/2 hr.<!., there and back. We follow the field- 
path, crossing the Arch above Miihl (see above) and recrossing to the left 
bank at the ('/z hr.) electricity-works, and then follow the 'Hermannsteig' 
along the river (numerous rhododendrons) to the ('/a br.) *Lowtr Siuiben 
Fall., a cascade IOC in height, tinely framed with trees. A footpath (finger- 
post) ascends hence to the right to the road to Reutte, which is 3 M. distant. 
Those who are bound for the Plansee ascend the left bank of the Arch 
to the (I/4 hr.) Upper Fall (CO' high), and turning to the right regain the 
(4 min.) road, 1/2 M. from the Little Plansee (p. 59). 

From Keutte to the Plansee and thence via Linderhof or Griessen to 
Partenkii'chen^ .^ee R. 10 Upper Lechtal, see p. 2'<8. P(i.<f Oacht. and via 
Tannheim to Immensiadt. see p. 35. Railway via Pfronten to Kempien., see 
R. 6. — The Tauern (6115') is ascended from Eeutte in 31/2 hrs., by a 
marked path diverging to the right from the road to the Plansee (p. 59). — 
Thaneller, see below and p. 278. 

The considerable ruins of Ehrenberg (destroyed by the Frencli in 
1800), to the S., crown the E. spur of the pine-clad Schlossbcry 
(3280'). In the background (.*>.) rises the Thdneller (see below). 
Beyond the (1^4 M.l Restaurant Xeumiihle, the road passes above 
the (.3 M.) Ehrenberger Klaase (Inn)., a defile ( through which pedes- 
trians should pass by the old road, which diverges to the right near 
the S. end of Reutte), and descends to (5 M.) Heiterwang (3255'; 
Post. Hirsch, both plain but good), in the Hintertoren-Tal. 

About 1 M. to the N.E. is the lonely Heiterwang See (3212'). connected 
with the PlaT).tee (p. 5S) by a narrow channel ca. 1/2 M. long. Steamer to 
the Plansee 5-6 times daily in summer, a very pleasant excursion (3/4 hr. to 
the Hot. Forelle, see p. 58; large motor-garage at Ileiterwant', at the pier- 
restaurant). Footpaths on the N. and S. banks lead to the Hot. Seespitz, in 
11/4 hr. (comp. p. 5S). 

From (8 M.) Bkhlbach (3525'; Hirsch, 16 beds at 1-1 A'. 25 /*., 
Traube. both plain but good) a cart-track leads up to the right to 
(1 hr.) Berwantj (p. 278; ascent hence of the *ThaneUer.^ 7685', 
3 hrs. with guide, easy, see p. 278). —At (9 M.) Ldhn (3700'; Krone ) 
the road reaches the infant river Loisach (marked path to the S.W. 
in 3 hrs. to the top of the BUhpitze, 7305'), and descends via (12 M.) 
Gries (inn) to — 

121/0 M. Lermoos (3265'; *Post. 90 beds from 1.25, pens, from 
b.bOK.J*Dr€i Mohren, 50 beds at 2-6, B. 1.25, pens, from 6 K., with 
baths and garden; Zitr Schonen Aussicht), a village with 600 in- 
hab., in a wide basin from which rise the barren rocks of the im- 
posing Wetterstein Chain. To the N. rises the snowy summit of the 
Zugspitze (97'20'); adjoining it on the S. are the Schneefernerkopf 
(9435') and Wetterspitze (9620'), and opposite them, to the S.E., 
are the Mieminger Mt.^.. with the Sonnenspitze (7920'), Wampeter 
Schrofen (8260'), and Marienberg (8335'). A de'pendance of the Post 
contains a collection of arms and antlers. 

About 3 M. to the E. (footpath through the moor in '/2 Ii^Oj ^^^^ 

44 I. R.S. — Map,p.42. EHRWALD. From Reutte 

the village of Ehrwald (3260'; *ZurSonnenspitze, 24 beds at 1.60-2, 
pens, from 5 K.; Stern, 21 beds at 1.25-1.75 K.; *Oruner Baum, 
68 beds at 1.25-2, peuF. 5-6 K. ; Zur Schonen Aussicht, 30 beds 
at 1.25-2, pens. 4-5 A'.; Schwarzer Adler, 32 beds 1-1.40, pens. 
5-6 K.: Zum Seebensee)^ a summer-resort (furnished rooms in the 
Villas Guein, Leitner, Salzer, Erika, etc.). 

Excursions (guides, Reinh. Spielmann, Mich. Sonniceber^ and Jos. Steiner 
at Ehrwald, Franz Vstheimer at the Coburger Iliitte, and Jos. Posch at Ler- 
moos). — To the Cobdkgek HOtte, S^/2-^ hrs. (guide 5 A'., not indispens- 
able). A cart-truck ascends the Gaisbach-Tal to the E., past the Seebenbach 
Fall, to (I'/zhr.) the Ehvwalder Alp (4900'; rfmts.); thence a marked path 
leads to the right through wood to the (1 hr.) Seeben Alp (5195') and (V4 hr.) 
the Seeben-See (5415'), which lies in a depression between the Sonnenspitze 
and the Tajakopf (see below). (The direct path from Ehrwald to the Seeben- 
See by the Hohe Gang., 3 hr.-?. with guide, is advisable for experts only.) 
About 3/4 hr. higher, above the rock-girt Drachen-See (6180'), is the finely 
situated Coburger Hiitte (6300'; Inn, 20 beds at IK. 40/»., 10 mattre.^ses), 
the startini-point for the ascents of the Sonnenspitze (7920'; guide 10-12 A".), 
Tajakopf (8074' ; guide 6 A'.), Gvunstein (8750' ; guide 12 A'., very interesting), 
W>impetev Schrofen (8260'; guide 10 A^), Marienbergtpitze (8335'; guide 10 A", 
for each peak, for both 15 A".), and Grietspitzen (900U' and S050'; guide 16 A', 
for each peak), all for experts only. An interesting pass (guide ei^sential 
for any but experts, 6 A'.) leads hence across the Biberwierer Scharte 
{Schwarzer- Scharte., 6565'), between the Sonnenspitze and the Wampeter 
Schrofen , to (2'/!j-3 hrs.) Biberwier (p. 45). To the S. a good club-path 
(red marks; guide 12 AT.) crosses the Grunstein-Scharte {Tdrle; 7450'), be- 
tween the Griinstein and the W. Hohe Griesspitze (p. 46), and descends 
through the Holle to (81/2 hrs.) Obsteig (p. 45). 

The Upsspitze {Daniel; 7660'), ascended from Lermoos via the Duftel 
Alp (4865') in 41/2 hrs., is fatiguing but very interesting; guide 10 A^. — 
The *Zug8pitze (9720'), ascended from Ehrwald via the Wiener- Neustadier 
But in 6V2 hrs., is difficult and should be attempted only by adepts (guide 
12 A". ; comp. p. 54). An easier ascent leads via the Ehrwalder Alp., the 
Gatterl, and the Enorr-Butte to the (8 hrs.) top (guide 15 A"., with descent 
to Garmi.^ch via the Reintal 23, via the Hollental 25 A^.); see p. 5i. 

The Schneefemerkopf (9435') is ascended from Ehrwald in 6-61/2 hrs. 
(difficult; guide CO A'.). We cross the Holzerwiesen, with a magnificent 
view of the valley and the Mieminger Mt?., to the (2^4 br.^) base of the 
Bolzereck (7785'), the ascent of which, a very difficult climb of 2-2V2 hrs., 
is then made; beyond this the path, not difficult though laborious, tra- 
verses the wild cutting called the 'Neue Welt' to the (1^/4 hr.) summit of 
the Schneefernerkopf (p. 55). Descent via the (21/2 hrs.) Wiener-Neustadter 
Hiitte (p. 54) or the (IV4 hr.) Knorr-Hiitte (p. 54). A not very difficult pass 
leads from the Schneefernerkopf to the Zugspitze (I1/4 hr.). 

From Ehrwald bv the Ehrwalder Alp (see above) and the Pest-Kapelle to 
the (4 hrs.) Tillfvss Alp in the Gaisial and to C^'A hrs. ; guide 10 A".) Ober- 
Leiitasch, see p. 60. From Tillfuss across the Niedermtmde-Saltel {GTlb') to 
Ober-Mieming (p. 46) or Telfs (p. 314), 5 hrs. (red marks); from Obcr- 
Leutasch to Telft 3 hrs., to Seefeld (p. 63) 2 hrs. 

Motor Omnibus from Lermoos to Garmitch- PartenHrchen vii Ehricald 
and Grieseiiy thrice dailv in .'<ummer in 2 hrs., see p. 55; one-horse carriage 
15 Jf 40, two-hor^e 2Q J( 40 pf. — From Ehrwald via the Torlen to the 
Eibsee, 3V2 hrs., see p. 55. — From Ehrwald to IttisI omnibus daily in 
5 hrs. — From Bieberwier a murked path leads over the Marienherg-Joch 
(5895' ; inn V< hr. farther on) to (4 hrs.) Obtteig (p. 45). The GrUnstein 
(8750'), ascended in 3 hrs. from the Joch (with guide), is attractive for 
experts; see above and p. 46. 

The road over the Fern Pass to Nasserelt (carr. with one horse 12, 
with two horses 20 /T.), the finest mountain-pass between Bavaria 

to Telfi. NASSEREIT. Map,p.42.- I. R.8. 45 

and Tyrol, is fairly level as far as (21 M.) Biberwier (3270'; Lowe, 
well spoken of; Neuwirt), whence it ascends, with a tine retrospect 
of the Wetterstein Mts., past the Weissensee (3560', left; Restaurant 
Lerchenheim) and the beautiful dark-blue Blindsee (3626'; right, 
below the road), to the (17 M.) Fern Pass (3970'; Inn, 20 beds at 
11/4-2 K., well spoken of). The old road past the castle of Fernstein 
is prohibited and is blocked halfway by a wall. The new road winds 
round to the E. side of the valley (^a path descending to the right, 
beyond telegraph-post 160, 20 min. from the inn. is a short-cut), and 
then turns back and descends the W. side of the valley, below the 
old road. The picturesque castle of Fernsie'm, adjoined by a modern 
chateau of Baron Ziegler, rises above the road to the right; at its base 
(20 M.) the Fernstein Inn (3305'; burned down in Feb. 1910). 
To the left, in the deep pine-clad valley, on a rock rising from the 
dark-greeu Fernstein Lake, are the ruins of the Siymundshury, once 
a hunting-seat of Duke Sigmund of Tyrol (adm. procured through 
the landlord of the Fernstein Inn). The road crosses the outlet of 
the lake by a handsome bridge and leads past the mouth of the 
Teyen-Tal (p. 278), on the right, to — 

231/0 M. Nassereit (2745' ■^*PosL with garden, 60 beds at 1.60-3, 
H. I K.; Gr'uner Baum, Lamm, both plain but good), a village 
with 1200 inhabitants. Behind the church is a small lake. The 
road forks here, the right branch leading to Imst, the left to Telfs. 

Excursions. The *JElple3kopf (741(y; 4 brs. ; easy) i.s reached hy a 
marked path throu-ih the Oajiein-Tol to (li/z hr.) the ahanduned miue on 
the Dirstentritt (4680'), thence t» the left across the ridge to the (2Vj hra.) 
top (fine view, comp. p. 316). — The Wannig (SlSo'-, 5 hr.-^., with guide), 
ascended via the Mittenan Alp and tlie Hohe Warte, presents no ditlicnlty 
to experts and commands an imposing view. 

The Road fhom Nassereit to Imst (IIV2 M. ; driving prefer- 
able; diligence 4-5 times daily in I72 br., 1 K. 80, to the station 
2 K. 40 h.; one-horse carr. 6 K.) passes a spinning-factory and trav- 
erses the broad, shadeless GurgUr Tal, on the left rises the wooded 
Tschirgant (p. 316). 28 M. DoUinger Inn; farther on, at (30 M.) 
Tarrenz (2750'; Lamm), we see the chateau of Starkenberg (p. 316) 
on a hill to the right. A fine view of the Pitztal and Oetztal 
mountains now opens to the S. 

341/.2 M. Imst (p. 316). Then past BrennbichL and across the Inn 
to (36 M.) the railway-station of Imst (p. 316). 

From Nassereit to Tblfs, 131/4 M. (pay in the diligence for 
171/2 M.), omnibus thrice daily in summer, see p. 42; carr. and pair 
28 K. The road, much preferable to the slightly shorter one to Imst, 
ascends to the E. (to the right, beyond Rossbach, a shorter but 
steeper route), via Holzleiten (3565'; Traube), to (oi/.^ M.) Obsteig 
(3265'; Lowe; Stem, 22 beds at 1-1.40, pens. 4.50-5 ".«'., both well 
spoken of), a summer-resort with 540 inhabitants. 

Excursions. The 'Simmering (6885'5 3 hrs., with guide), an easy ascent, 
commands a fine view of the Oetztal and ils glaciers. — From the Marten- 

46 /. R, S. — Map. p. 42. OBER-MIEMING. 

berger Tonristen-Hau.t (Inn, well spoken of), l'/^ l>r. from Obsteig, the Griin- 
stein (STSC; s^uide 15 £"., with descent to tlie C jburger Hutte 20 5".) is 
ascended in A hrs. Ihroagh tlie Ilolle (p. 44) or via the Marienberu Alp^ very 
interesting fur practised mountaineers. — The Ostliche and Westliche Hohe 
Griesspitze (90i50' and 9005'; each 51/2 hrs. from the Touristeu-Haus ; guide 
IG K.\ thou'^'h both difficult, are points of view of the first rank. — From 
flie Touristen-Hans over the Marienberg-Joch to (2'/2 hrs.) Biberwier and over 
the Oriinstein-Scharte to the (.3 hrs.) Coburger Hiitte. see p. 44. — Pedestrians 
bdund for the Arllterg Railway are recommended to take the steep footpath 
diverging to the right near the church of Obsteig and leading to (1 hr.) 
Motz (p. 315). 

We proceed over the uiuliilatiiig plateau ( Mieminyrr-Terra^se), 
enjoying a series of fine views of the Inntal and its mountains, with 
tlie picturesque ruin of Klimyn in a gorge to the right, and the Mie- 
niinger diain to the N., via Fronhnusen and Barwies (2805'; Lowe, 
25 beds at 1-2 A'., well spoken of) to (Oi^M.) Ober-Mieming (2875'; 
*7-'o.>f, 25 beds at 1-1.40, pens. 4-5 /T.), a prettily situated village, 
frequented as a summer-resort (^238 inhab.). 

KxcufisioNS (guides, Joh. Schaber, Jos. Gotsch). To the rnin of Klamm 
(28G0'), via Fronhansen, in»/4 hr. (at the foot is a wild gorge with a waterfall 
164'liigh); io Wi^ J %idenbach- Schlucht i\.^l-i\xT.)\ via (1 hr.) Wilder - Mieming 
(2876'; (ierardhof Sanatorium, pens, from QK.; Hafele : Wackerle) to the 
(2 hrs.) Alplhaus (49'Ju' ; club-hut, provision depot), finely situated, the 
startin^i-puiiit for the ascents of the Ho chw and (89^5') and Hochplaltig {Obere 
I'latte, SSfMj'), both difficult, for experts only (each 4-41/2 hrs. ; guide ISA'.). 
(Iver the Aiedermunde (G775') to the (4 hrs.) Tillfuss Alp., see p. 60; adepts 
may ascend from the saddle to the top of the Ilochmunde (STSCy) by the 
\V. artte (6 hrs.; last part difficult; guide 12, to Leutasch 17 A'.). Over 
the Alpl-Scharle (7.o75'), between the Hochwand and the Hochplattig, to 
(15 hrs.) the Tillfuss Alp, rather difficult (guide to Ehrwald 15 A'.). 

The road to (4 M.) Allitz (p. 315) diverges to the right at Ober-Mieming, 
and passes (1 M.) Unter- Mieming (Neuwirt, with mineral baths ; Kreuz) and 
.Sie. A marked path leads from See via Tobland and Zein to the (3 M. from 
< M)or-3Iieming) Locherboden (267U'), a pilgrim-resort, commanding a fine view 
of the valley of the Inn. From Unter-Mieming a good footpath (marked) 
leads via Miihlried and the Oelberg-Kapdle (2520'; view) to the ferry over the 
Inn at (U/-.. M.) tiUims (p. 315; shortest route from the Mieminger Terrasse 
to the Arllierg railway). When the flag ia hoisted the ferry-boat does not 
ply. — A pleasant path (marked) through wood leads from Unter-Mieming 
to (4V2 M.) Telfs, via FicU (2835'), on the N. slope of the Achberg (3375'; 
easily ascended from P'icht in 1/2 br. ; fine view). 

The road to Telfs finally leads through a cutting in the rock, 
and passes a mill. 16 M. Village of Telfs. Then across the Inn to 
(^171/2 M.l the station of Telfs (p. 314). 

9. From Munich to Garmisch-Partenkirchen. 

02 M. ItAii.wAY in 2' :,-4 hrs. ; fares 8 Jl 20 pf , b M.ZM 30 pf., express 
9 ./^ 20 pf., G ^/, 3 u;? 80 pf. 

Beyond {j^'6 M.) Weilheim (1845'; p. 17) the train diverges to 
the left from the Peissenberg line, and traverses the wide valley of 
the Ammer. ^b^fy M. Polling ; 381/.2 M. Huylfing. Beyond (43 M.) 
Uffing (Bartl) the line skirts the E. bank of the Staff elsee (2125'), 
with its islands, passing the villages of liieden and Seehausen(KTSim- 
mer), to — 


- 1 



ESCHENLOnE. I. Route 9. 47 

46V:> M- Murnau (^'2265'; Railway Hotel >S' Restaurant, 28 beds 
at 1 V4-'^ <^/^\ ^^ the S.K. end of the Staftelsee {*Kur-H6tel Staffel- 
see, I/2 M. from the station, with chalybeate and peat baths, open 
April Ist-Xov. 1st, 80 beds at 1V2-3, pens. 572"'^ -^^ ^' *Seeros€, 
30 beds at 1-2, pens. 5-6 U/ ; two swimming and bathing estab- 
lishments). About 3/4 M. from the station (omn. 25 pf.) and the 
lake is the village of Murnau (^Post, 40 beds at 1-3. pens. 6-7 c//; 
Pantlbrdu; Griesbrau, 60 beds at i-2, pens. 3^/-2-0 J/ ; Zacherl- 
brdu-, Angerbrdu, all plain but good; Kirrhmeirs Inn and wine- 
restaurant, 22 beds at I'o--*^*^; Steiger's Restaurant, with rooms), 
a summer-resort with 2258 inhabitants. The Vier Linden (lime- 
trees) and the Asamhohe command line views of the mountains 
(E. the Heimgarten, Kistenkopf, and Krottenkopf; W. the Kttaler 
Mandl; S., in the background of the Loisach-Tal, the WL'tterstein 

Electric railway to Ober-Ammergau, see p. 5G. 

From Murnan to Schlehd'jrf on the Koclielsee (p. OG) 9 M., carriajje- 
road via Schicaiganjer and Grossweil (one-lioise carr. in U/-2 hr., 7 Jl)-^ 
the shorter route via Hagn and Kleinweil is preferable for pedestrians and 
a(ropd3 finer views., — From Murnau to SiaUach (or Bichl) via the Aidlinger 
Hohe^ see p. 65. 

The railway skirts the W. side of Murnau and descends in a 
wide curve, affording a fine view of the spacious IjOisach valley, 
to (^48V2 M.) Hechendorf (2040'). It then crosses tlie Loisach and 
reaches (51 M.) Ohlstadt (2085'; Rail. Restaurant\ 

From the village of Ohlstadt ("JISO'; Lengeiifflden Inn, bed 1 J7, j)lain 
hut good; Post; Drei Linden; guide, Jos. Kolbl), 3/4 31. to the K., the 
Heimgarten (5875') may be ascended iu 3-3'/i; hrs. by a sleep and stony 
path indicated by marks via the Kdlber-lliilte (guide thence to the summit 
advisable; comp. ji. G7(. — To the 'Herzogstand (56^0') a marked path 
from Ohlstadt leads in 4 hrs. (guide 5 Jl^ not indispensable for adepts). 
About halfway there is a good spring. Striking view of the Karwendel, 
Walchensee, etc., from the arete of the Heimgarten, ','2 hr. below the tup 
(cump. p. 67). 

The train traverses a marshy region and crosses the Loisach to 
(53 M.) Eschenlohe (2095'; Altwirt; Briickenwirt), with 490 in- 
hab. and a sulphur spring. Fine mountain-view: to the left rise 
the roof-shaped Kistenkopf and the Risskopf ; in the background the 
imposing Wetterstein ; on the right the Ettaler Mandl. 

To THE Walchensee (p. 67) through the Eschen-Tal (3'/2-4 hrs.; marked 
route, not advisable in wet weather; guide, not necessary, 4 U5f). We cross 
the Loisach and then the Eschenlaine, the right bank of which we ascend; 
to the right lies a large gully of the Kistenkopf. A bridge (1 hr.) is cro.ssed 
and the left bank followed; 20 min., the gorge called the Cache Tod-Klamm 
opens on the left. The brook is crossed twice more. Descent from (IV4 hr.) 
the summit of the pass '■Beim TaferV (2965') to (1 hr ) the villa^'e of Walchen- 
see by a footpath to the left (the stony track to the right leads to Obernach, 
V2 M. from the S. end of the lake). 

The 'Krottenkopf (6S45') is ascended from Eschenlohe in 5-572 hrs. 
(easier from Partenkirchen, p. 52), by a marked path (guide unnecessary) 
leading via the (21/2 hrs.) Pustertal-IIutti (4335'; rfmti.) and the saddle to 
the E. of the Kistenkopf {^Ob'\ to the {2\U hrs.) KroUenkopf-ITiitte and thr 
i20 mill.) siMuinit (see also p. 6'2). 

48 /. Route 9. GARMISCH. From Munich 

57 M. Oberau [2160'; *Post, bed li/i-^ J/l 

To Ober-Ammergau via Ettal on foot, 2 hrs.; to Linderhof 4 hrs.; 
motor-car to Ober-Ammergau, T1/2 M., 5-8 times daily in ^4 hr.; omnibus 
to Linderhof daily in 2^4 hrs. Carriages may be hired at the Post Inn at 
Oberau; comp. p. 57. 

Beyond (591/2 M.) Farchant (2200'; Pens. Hansa, 16 beds, pens. 
5-6 J^ ; Inn zur Kuhflucht; Alter Wirt) the broad basin of Parten- 
kirchen opens to the S. On the left is the Kuhflucht (p. 50). Fine 
view of the Wetterstein mountains from the Dreitorspitze to the 
Zugspitze. The train again crosses the Loisach. — 62 M. Garmisch- 
Partenkirchen (2295'), the terminus, between tlie villages of those 
names (^- Bayerischer Hof. 50 beds at 2-3, D. 1V2-'^V2' pens. 
6-8 .//if, Zum Werdenfelser Michl, R. li/V^, pens. from b^j-iJi, 
both with restaurant and garden; Hotel Stadt Wien^ 55 beds at 
11/2-272, pens. 5-6 Jl^ at the station). Post and telegraph offices 
at the rail, station, at Garmisch, and at Partenkirchen. 

Cakkiacks at the station. One-horse carr. to the Badersee and back 6, 
two-horse 10 M, Eiljsee 10 and 15 (whole day 12 and 18), Mittenwald 18 
(returning via Barmsee 22), Lermooa 20, Walchensee (3^4 hrs.) 24, Ober- 
Ammergau 24, Reutte via Plansee 35, Hohenschwaugau via Linderhof 60, 
Imst via Lermoos 55 Ji. The driver expects a fee of 1^ pf. for each mark 
of the fare. — Omnibuses to the Badersee and Eibsee (p. 52), to the Part- 
nachklamm (p. 50), to Linderhof (p. 57). Plansee (p. 08), and Ehrwald- 
Nassereit-Telfs (p. 44). — Motor Cabs to Ober-Ammergau and to Mitten- 
wald-Kochel-Tegernsee (pp. 57, 59, 64). 

Garmisch. — Hotels. * Park -Hotel Alvknhok, with garden, open 
15th 3Iay-lst Oct., 120 beds at 3-6, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. ^11 Jl; *Hot.-Pens. 
Neu-Wekdknfels, 2 niin. from the station, 70 beds at 2-4, pens. 6-8 Jl ; 
*Hot.-Pen9. zcm Husaren, 85 beds at 2-4, B. 1, pens, fromb'/z-^." 'Post, 
95 bed^ at l'/2-5, pens, from 6 Jl ; Drei Moheen, R. 1V2-3, pens. 6-7 Jl ; 
Kain'zenfranz, well spoken of; Zur Zugsi'Itze, 46 beds at 1-3, pens. 5-7 M; 
Lamm-, Coi.os.seum, 20 beds at 1-2 Jl. — *Hot.-Pens. Sonnenbichl (2380'), 
finely situated on the little Schmolzer See, 1 M. to the N. of the station, with 
a bathing -establishment and wood walks, 100 beds at 1^/4-43/4, D. 2'/2, 
pens. 6-9 Ji^. — ^Hot.-Pens. Rissersee (2570'), 120 beds at 2-4, pens. IS J( 
(see p. 49). — Pensions. Alpspitz, 20 beds, pen?. 5-7 Jl ; Austria, G-iO J( ; 
Bellevue; Bethell (English), &-S Ji ; Edelweiss; Erika; Villa Fridolin^ 1-8 Ji ; 
Sr.hweizer Pension; Schmid, 5V2-7 Jf ; Spitzenherger. — Peasant Theatre at the 
Lamm (see above), performance.^ almost daily. — Visitors'' Tax, for stay of 
4-6 days, 1 Jl ; 1-4 weeks, 2 Jl ; more than 4 weeks, 3 Jl ; family-ticket, 5 Jl. 

Guides. Alois Backer, Georg Bader, Paul Buchwieser, Joh. Ertl, Anton 
(Irassegger, seii. d: jun., Anton Hofherr, Georg Kleisl, Jos. Lechner, Ign. & Joh. 
Muurer, Joh. & Jos. Ostler, Oeorg Scheurer. Jos. Sonner, Joh. Uhl ; also 
Joh. Slrobl and Heb. Buchwieser at Ober-Grainau (p. 52). 

Garmisch (2290') , a thriving village (2700 inhab.) througli 
which flows the Loisach, is a favourite resort in summer and winter. 
It lies to the W. of the station, on the left bank of the Partnach 
and is the seat of the local authorities. The sharply-defined Alp- 
spitze is conspicuous, but of the Zugspit/.e a small part only is seen 
to the left of the Waxenstein. Beside the Loisach and Partnach are 
shady grounds, and between them is the Wittelsbach Park. 

Partenkirchen. — Hotels. •Park-Hotkl Bellevde, in an open 

situation above the village, 60 beds at 2V2-5, B. IV4, D. 3, pens. 7-9 Jl; 

Hot.-Pens. Gibson, in a )ofty situation (view), 70 beds at 3-10, B. 11/4. 

1>. 21/2, pens. 7-14 Jl ; in the village: *Post, 80 beds at 2-5, B. 1, pen^ 


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to Partenkirchen. PARTENKIRCHEN. /. Route 9. 49 

6-9 JT, omn. 70 pf. ; •Goldnek Sters, 126 beds at 2-6, pens. 6-12 UK; 
Batebischee Hof, near the station (see p. 48); Hot. Bauugartsee, 43 beds 
at IV2-2V2UK; ZCM Rasskn; Melbee, well spoken of; Weedenfelseb Hof, 
beAV/T-2Jf. — Pensions. LandhausAntoniberg, 8-i2Ji; Villa Viktoria, 1 -iO Jl ; 
Villa Bavaria, 44 beds, pens. 7-12 J(; Fens. Panorama, above vSt. Anton, 
with cafe and attractive view, 6-T J( ; K<>hler, Wetterstein-Str. 130, bed IVz-S, 
pens. 5'/2-7 Jl ; Eager., from 6 Jt ; Witting; Villa Germania. — 'Dr. Wiggers' 
Sanatorium., 81 beds at 2-12, board 5 J( ; 'Kainzenhad Sanatorium (2415'), 
1 M. to the E., in the Ranker valley, consisting of f >ur houses (lUO R.), 
three at the old baths, with alkaline and iodine springs, and the new 
Kurhotel, in an open situation on the Mitten wald road. R. n/-j-3V2, pens. 
6-8 Jl. — Private Aparimenft numerous; apply at the bureau of the 'Ver- 
schonerungs-Verein\ — Visitors'' taxes as at Garmisch, .-•ee p. 4S. — Cafi 
Fischer. — Theatre of the Society for Local Costumes in the Hotel zum 
Rassen. — Books and Artists' Materials at L. Weiuel s (also circulating 
library). — Money changer: Emil Sttub. — Motor Garage (motors on hire; 
petrol) at A. Gle'sch's, Ludwi^i-Str. 74 — Horses on hire in the Fauken- 
Stras?e (to the Reintalhot 6, Krottenkopf 12, Schachen 12 Jf). 

Guides. Anselm Barth, Joh. & Jos. Bergkofer ., Franz Dengg, Franz 
Erhardt I and //, Joh.., Jos., <fe Quirin Erhardt, Bruno Glalz, Joh. Griibl, 
Joh. Hartl, Peter Lip/, Jos. Mayer, Anton & Karl Beindl. 

Partenkirchen ('2350'; 2600 inhab.), a favourite summer and 
winter resort, V2 ^^- to the E. of the station, is beautifully situated 
at the base of the Eckenberg, a spur of the Krottenkopf. It possesses 
a small English church (service in snmmerj. The district school 
of carving and design is open to visitors on week-days, 8-11 and 
2-6. The ViUa Orient (Herr Fr. Pfaffenzeller), above the village, 
contains interesting collections and has a fine garden (adm. 50 pf. ). 

ExcuKSioNS FfiOM Garmisch AND Partkxkirchen. — Finc view from 
beside the monument to Kini: Louis II. in the lower St. Antons-Anlage, 
V* hr. from Partenkirchen (mountain-indicator). The peaks, from left to 
right, are the Wettersteinwand, Dreitorspitze, Alpspitze (with the Adolf 
Zoeppritz-IIaus in front of it), Waxenstein (behind it the Zugspitze), the 
pointed Upsberg (in the distance, beyond the Eibsee-Tcirlen); to the right 
the Kramer. A little higher up is the pilgrimage -church of St. Anton 
(2505'; small cafe). 

Fauken-Schlucht. Beyond Partenkirchen a path ascends to the E. up 
the valley to the (20 mini) waterfall of the Faukenbacfi. The 'Scheiben- 
platz-Weg" leads from St. Anton (see above) along the slope to the ('/•.; hr.) 
ravine. Through the Fauken-Schlucht to the (3/4 hr.) L>/kas Teri'asse with 
the open Gamshiittl (2980*; fine view), and thence back in V2 hr. via the 
picturesque Schalmei-Schlucht . — From the Lukas Terrasse we may ascend 
to the (1/4 h^.)£•^e^/^//'V«e(3160'; splendid view); thence to the top of the 
Wank, see p. 52. 

Gschwandner Bauer (i'/2 hr.). From Partenkirchen we ascend to 
the right through the Bremslall-Wald (fin<;er-post) to (1 hr.) the Schlattan 
Restaurant and the (25 min.) Gschwnndner Bauer (3345'; "Restaurant), which 
affords a line view of the Wetterstein and Karwendel ranges; or (a longer 
but finer routel we may ascend via the Schalmei Schlucht and the Lukas 
Terrasse (see above ; 2'/2 hrs.). From the Gschwandner Bauer a marked 
path leads via the Hduslboden (4540') to the (I3/4 hr.) Esterberg Alp (ascent 
of the Krottenkopf, see p. 52). — From Schlattan we may return by the old 
Mittenwald road (good tobogganing in winter). 

The Risser-See (2565'), 35 min. from Garmisch. From the Post Hotel 
we proceed towards the S. and then cross the meadows in the direction 
of the Risserkopf (3695'), a wooded height immediately below the Alpspitze. 
The charming little Risser-See (boating; bathing; tobogganing in winter) 
lies in a hollow behind the Hotel-Pension Rissersee (p. 48). Fine view 
from the (20 min.) Katzenstein (2875'), whence a footpath leads to Hara- 
raersbach (p. 51; s/* hr.). To the Kreuzeck-Haus, see p. 51. 

Bakdhker'3 Eastern-Alps. 12th Edit. 4 

50 /. R. 9. — Map.p. 48. PARTNACHKLAMM. Excursions 

Maximilianshdhe, 20 minutes. Leaving Garmisch, we cross the upper 
Loisach bridge and ascend to the left past the (5 min.) rifle-range and 
through wood to the Caf ^-Restaurant Almhiitte, on the S. slope of the Kramer 
(p. 52). Beautiful view from the Parapluie , 10 min. to the E. — The 
Kramer Plateau - Weg , a shady and generally level promenade, about 
3'/.- M. long, skirting the wooded slope of the Kramer from near the Hotel 
.Sonnenbichl {]k 48) and aft'ording charming views, finally descends through 
a gorge to the upper Loisach. 

The ruin ofWerdenfels (2585') is reached by a path (guide-post) diverging 
to the left from the Murnau road, 1 M. from Garmisch, near the Schwaig- 
waiig (2245'); thence to the top in 20 minutes. View obstructed by trees. 

The Pflegersee (2770'), 1 hr. from Garmisch. We ascend the road to 
the N. via the Oertel- Promenade (flnger-post), with a view of the valley, and 
past the Hotel Sonnenbichl (p. 48), to the little Pflegersee at the foot of the 
Selestcdnde (to the It., the precipices of the Kramer). We may return via 
the Kellerleiten to the (1 hr.) Sommerkeller at Garmisch or via the Schloss- 
Wald and (3/4 hr.) Werdenfels (see above). 

The Kuhflucht (17^ hr.), entered from (3M.-, rail, in 10 min.) farc/ja7J/ 
(!>. 48 i we cross the Loisach to the Milhldorfl., and ascend to the left through 
pine-wood), is a ravine, with pretty waterfalls formed by a stream i>suing 
from a fissure, 50 ft. in length, in a lofty cliff (ascent to the highest fall 
requires a steady head). A well-shaded path (red marks) leads from the 
3Iuhldurfl to the' (2 hrs.) Esterberg Alp (Krottenkopf, p. 52). 

'Partnach-Klamm and Vorder-Graseck (I'/z hr. ; guide quite unneces- 
sary: omu. several times daily from the railway station in 1/2 hr. to the 
Kestaurant Parluachklamm, 1 Jl). After following the Mittenwald road to 
the S. of Parteukirchen for a few paces, we turn to the right at a finger- 
post, and in Vj hr. reach the first bridge, at the mouth of the Partnach 
valley, which may be reached also from the station in 40 min. by a shady 
path along the Partnach (finger-posts). Crossing this bridge (to the right 
the 'liuhe Weg' to the Reintal-Hospiz, p. 51) we pass the biidge leading 
tu the electricity works and reach the (12 min.) Restaurant Partnachklamm^ 
or Wildena^i (with beds), near the second bridge, where the road ends. 
Beyond the bridge the direct path to Graseck ascends in gentle curves to 
the left (20 min.), while the path to the 'Klamm', or gorge, leads to the 
right-, G min., third bridge (sheiter-hut). The (10 min.) fourth (iron) bridge 
CKlumm-Briicke), 52' long and 225' above the Partnach, is the finest point. 
Beyond this bridge the path ascends in steps to the (10 min.) forester's 
house of Vorder-Graseck (2925'; Restaurant, with 5 beds), where a fine view 
of the Wettfr.'^tein range is enjoyed. From this point to the Eckhatier, see 
below; to Mittenwald via Elmau, see p. 55. — A narrow path (Triftsteig), 
Constructed fur the use of the 'lumberers' and diverging to the left before 
llie third bridge, leads in 74 l^r. along the bottom of the gorge, close to 
the water (waterproof advisable). It is provided at places with wire-ropes 
and is quite safe for those reasonably free from giddiness, while it 
.^^hortens tho walk to the Schachen and the Reintal by 20 niiu. as compared 
with the path via Graseck. From the end of the gorge we reach in 5 min. 
a guide-post, where we turn to the left and ascend in '/< hr. to Vorder 
Graseck (frequent guide-posts). The path to the right at the first guide- 
post leads to the Reintal and the Schachen (p. 53). 

The -Eckbauer (4060'). We may either follow a marked path through 
the Eselgrahen from the Kaimen-Bad in 172-2 hrs., or take another steep 
path (also marked ; usually .shady in the afternoon) from Graseck (see above), 
which turns to the left at a (1/4 hr.) finger-post on the route to Elmau 
(p. 55), ascends the grassy slopes in windings, passes through wood, and 
reaches the (3/4 hr.) Eckbauer (now a health-resort in connection with the 
Kainzenbad). Neither path is recommended in wet weather. The Pavilion 
(rfmts.) on the top of the hill (2 min.) commands an admirable panorama ; 
below lies the deep, wooded valley of the Ferchenbach. The descent may 
be made to the N.K. via the village of Wamberg (3335' ; 'Aim Restaurant) to 
the Mittenwald road, then to the left at the guide-post via HSfle to (I72 hr.) 
Schlaftan (p. 51) and through the Hasen-Tal and the Bremstall - Wald to 
(^4 hr.) Parteukirchen. 

fromPortenkirchen. HOLLENTALKLAMM. Map,p.48.-1. R. 9. 51 

To the Reintal-Hospiz (3120 'i 2V2 hrs.). Path either through the 
Partnacbklamm and the Reintal, ascending to the right from (I1/2 hr.) the 
finger-post in the Wieselc-Graben (see below) to ('/4 hr.) the hospice; or 
diverging to the right at the opening of the Partnachklamm (V2 hr. from 
Partenkirchen) and crossing the Hohe Weg (steep at the beginning only) 
to the (IV* hr.) 'Reintal-Hospiz (42 beds, pens. 6-S Ulf), commanding a fine 
view. Excursions: by the level Feenweg to the Hinterklamm (p. 54), 3/4 hr. ; 
to the DrefimoserHiUte (4225'), 1 hr. ; to the Kreuzeck-Haus (see below) via 
the Bernardein-Jaidsteiti, 2'l4 hrs. 5 to the Hochalm (see below), ^3/4 hrs. ; 
to the Stuiben Alp (5310'), 2V2 hrs.; to the Enorr-Hiitte (p. 54), 5 hrs. 

*Kreuzeck-Haus (.54'^'; 3 hrs. ; guide, 5 Jt, unnecessary), the easiest 
and most attractive excursion among the lower heights. The route ascends 
in windings (good club-path) from the (V2 hr.) Risser-See (p. 49) for the 
most part through wood, by the Risser Moos and past the shooters hut Bei 
den Trogeln to the Kreuzjoch Saddle (51SU') and the (3 hrs.) Kreuzeck (5420'), 
with the Adolf - Zoeppritz-Eavs (*lnn all the year round, 19 beds and 23 mat- 
tresses ; telephone) and a striking view. Thi.s is the starting-point for the 
ascents of the Alpspitze and Hochblassen. Excellent district for ski-iug. 
The path then pafses the royal shouting-hut and leads round the basin uf 
the Bodenlahn-Tal to the (I/2 hr.) Hochalm (5595'), commanding an admirable 
view of the Alpspitze, Dreitorspitze, and other peak.s. — From the Kreuz- 
eck-Haus a new club-path ascends pa.'^t the Hupfleiten-Joch (5755') and the 
ruinous cottages belonging to a deserted lead-mine (5010' and 4785') to the 
(2V4 hr^.) HOllental-HutU. — The HSUentorkopf (7055'), a splendid point of 
view, may be ascended from the Hochalm via the Hollentor (GSGO*) by 
climbers not subject to giddiness in 1 hr., with guide (6 Jl). The steep 
descent from the Hollentor by the Rindettceg into the Mathahenkar and to 
the (I3/4 hr.) Hdllental-Hutte should not be attempted without a guide (see 
below). An easier path descends from the Hochalm or the Kreuzeck-Haus 
via the Bernadein Hut (red way-marks) into the Bodenlahn-Tal and to the 
(I'/z hr.) Reintal-Hospiz (see above). The direct descent from the Kreuzeck 
into the Bodenlahn-Tal (way-board) is very steep and not to be recommended. 

*HoIlental-Klamm, 2V2-3 hrs. from Garmisch (there and back 1/2 day). 
Omnibus six times daily in */« hr. (fare 80 pf., from Partenkirchen 1 Jl) via 
SchmOlz to Hammersbach (2635'; HoUental Inn), at the month of the Htillen- 
tal, which may be reached by pedestrians also in I hr. by a pleasant path 
diverging to the left at the W. end of Garmisch. From the inn we asceutl 
by a shady path on the left bank of the Hammersbach, tinally in zi^zag.'^ 
cut nut of the sheer rocky face below the Stauirenwand (see below), to the 
(1 hr.) Hollentalklamni-Hiitti (3430"; rfmts.) at the entrance to the Klamm, 
where tickets of adm. (50 pf.) are sold. The path through the gorge, built 
in 19(J2-7. is protected by railings and quite safe: guide unnecessary, water- 
prO' f desirable. It ascends the Klamm (the lower part also known as 
Maxklamm) by means of numerous galleries and tunnels, skirting the 
precipitous rocks by iron bridges, and affording jiicturesque views of the 
cascades of the Hammersbach. The finest point is below the iron Klamm 
Bridge (see below), where the snuw lies in two avalanches about 330' wide 
until the height of summer; ti) the left the Hcilleutorkopf rises perpendi- 
cularly t(i a height of nearly 3300'. From the (V2 hr.) exit of the Klamm 
(3810'), beyond which we juin the upper path (8 min. ; see below), we may 
proceed to the HoUental- Anger -wiih the (^4 hr.) HoUental Club-Hut (i53o'\ Inn, 
14 beds and 22 mattresses), in grand environs. 

The Upper Klammweg, now seldom used, ascends from Hammersbach, 
soon becoming steeper, through the Stangenwald to the perpendicular rocks 
of the Waxenstein^ 330 yds. before reaching which we join the direct path 
from Ober-Grainau, at a point where another path diverges for the hut 
at the entrance to the Hcillental I'^hr.). The •Stangensteig'' (3 ft. broad; 
wire-rope and railings) then skirts the precipice, commanding a fine view 
towards the plain, and leads to (1' 2 hr.) the iron 'Klamm Brucke (3630'), 
33 yds. in length and. 255' above the Hammersbach. A path (out of repair ; 
not advisable) diverging to the left here leads to the miners' huts (see 
above). The path on the right bank proceeds along the gorge to a (20 min.) 
wooden bridge (3915'), and to the (3/4 hr.) Hiillental Club-Hut (see above). 


52 r. R. 9. — Map, p. 48. EIBSEE. Excursions 

Club-path to the (■2*/4 hrs.) Kreuzeck-Haus, see p. 51. A verj' interest- 
ing day's excursion may be made via the Krouzeck-Haus to the Holleatal 
Club-Hut and lben;;e through the gorge to Hammer^bach. 

Ascent of the Zugspitze from the Hollental (5-6 bra , guide 20 Jl), see 
p. 53. — From the Huilental Club-Hut over the Riffel- Scharte (7090'J to 
(4 brs.) the £»6i«e (see below), by a safe club-path, not difficult for experts 
with -uide (9 Jl) 

From Hammersbach to the Badersee via Ober-Gralnau, fine route 
through wood in 3/* hr. 

*Badersee (251U' ; 5V2 M. from the railway-station ; omnibus several times 
daily in 1 hr., fare 1 Jt ; one-horse carriage 6, two-horse iO Jf). This ex- 
cursion should be combined with that to the Eibsee. The road diverges 
to the left from that to the Eibiee V2 M. beyond Unter-Orainau (.-ee below); 
jireferable route for pedestrians via Ober-Orainau (see below). The small, 
clear, emerald-green lake (adm. 50 pf., charged in the hotel-bill), 1 M. 
round and 60' deep, framed with trees, is overshadowed by the huge pre- 
cipices of the Waxenstein-Kamm. The "Alpen- Hotel dt Pension Badersee 
(85 beds at 2-3, IJ. 1, D. 21/2, pens. G-8 Ji)-, on its bank, is pleasant for a 
jirolonged stay. A row on the lake should not be omitted (one person 
5'J pf., two or more 25 pf. each); on a rock below the surface is the copper 
ligure of a nixie. Wood walks ascend from the lake t) the right to the 
Eibsee road (l-iy* l>r.). 

The Eibsee (3190'), 6 M. from Garmisch, at the base of the Zugspitze, 
is reached by the sunny road (diligence from Garmiach-Partenkirchen 
station thrice daily in 2 hrs., returning in IV2 br. ; fare each way l^/iJf; 
one-horse carr. there and back 12 J() via Schinolz (Aigner, with garden, 
well spoken oQ and Unter-Orainan (2450'; Zur Schonen Aussicht, pens, 
from 5 Jl; Pens. Koppeustiidter, 6-ii Jt, well spoken of); or, for pedestrians, 
by the path to the left at the W. end of Garmisch, which leads across 
meadows to (41/2 M.) Ober-Grainau C2^0b' ; "Post, bed 1-2, pens, 5-6 USJ). and 
thence to (U^ hr.) the \ii\i.e. (Terne\'< fnn, with veranda and baths, 80 beds 
from 2, pens. 6-7 Ulf). The Eibsee, ^/t s |. M. in area and 90* deep (temp, 
in summer 59 64° Fahr.), has seven small islands and is enclosed by wooded 
hills, above which tower the enormous rocky walls of the Waxenstein- 
Kamm and the Zugspitze. Travellers are rowed (50 pf. each) in 20 min. 
to the Ludwigs-Insel in the middle of the lake, where the echoes are 
awakened by a shot (50 pf.). The picturesque little Frillensee, to the S.E. 
of the Eibsee, may be reached from the inn in 5 min. bv boat, or in 
S min. on foot. — From the Eibsee over the TSrlen (5230') to Ehrwald {i hrs.), 
^ee p. 55; ascent of the Zugspitze (G'/a-? hrs.) via. the (41/2 brs.) Wiener- 
Neuslddter Hiitte, see p. 54 (guide 15 Jl)- — From the Eibsee to Orieseii 
((>. 58), 272 hrs. (uninteresting; not recommended after rain). The route 
(red marks) skirts the lake to the right, then ascends t;> the right, partly 
through swampy woods, to the ridge of the Miesiugberg (3345'), and linally 
descend? steeply to the Loisach. 

Mountain Ascknts (guides, see p. 49). — The Wank (5^40'; 31/2 lirs. : 
marked path, guide not indispensable) commands an admirable view of 
the Wefterstein and Karwendel Mts., the valley of Parteukirchen, etc. 
The route from Parteukirchen leads via the Lukas Terrasse to the (I'/a br.) 
Krenf-Biitte (3460'), then steeply through woo.i, and finally over the ridge 
to (2V4 brs.) the top. The descent may be made to the E. via the Ameis- 
herg to the Esterberg-IIof., or S.E. to the (2 hrs.) Gschwandnei' Bauer (p. 49). 

The Kramer (6505'). on the left bank of the Loisach, above Garmisch, 
affords a good survey of the Wetterstein range. A bridle-path leads from 
the Sommerkeller at Garmisch to the (2V2 hrs.) Konigsstand {iQdo' ; view). 
The footpath to the Kramer-Kreuz, on the summit (41/2 h.-s- from Garmisch), 
diverge^ to the left at a shooter's hut (guide-board), V2 l»r. before the Konigs- 
stand (guide unnecessary for experts). 

The Krottenkopf (6845'; 4 hrs. ; guide, not indispensable, 5, if a night is 
spent, 7 Jl; horse to the Krottenkopf Hut 12 J(). Both from Farchant 
(p. 4S) and from Parteukirchen via St. Anton marked paths ascend through 
wood, uniting: after 1 hr. and proceeding to the (V* hr.) Esterberg Alp 
(4140'; mediocre rfmts.). Thence through wood between the Bischof (6660*) 

from Partenkirchen. SCHACHEN. Map,p.46.— I. R.9. 03 

and the Krottenkopf to the (2hrs.) Krottenkopf-Eaut (6410'; club-but; rfmts., 
adm. 30 pf.), on tbe saddle between tbe Krottenkopf and tbe Risskopf, 
and to {'20 min.) tbe top fpavilion ; fine •View). — Descent on the N. 
(marked path, but very steep; guide J/) (.ver tbe ridge to the E. of the 
Kistenkopf via tbe Pvstertal Alp to (4 hrs.") Eschenlohe (p. 47i; on the E. 
(marked path, but guide advisable. 10^) via tbe Kiih Alp and tbe Wildsee 
(4565') to (4 br.«.) Walchentee (p. 67); on the S. from tbe J'stcrber>; Alp 
(marked path) tn the fl'/* hr.) Gfchiravdner Baver (p. 49). 

'Ebnigshaus am Schachen (61CU'; 5-5'/2 brs. ; guide, o Ulf, not indis- 
penscble ; horse 12 Jl). The ascent from Elmau i.s easier (see below). From 
Partenkirchen we follow the Triftstei^r (p. fO) through the Paitnacbklamm 
to the (1 hr.) bridge over the Ferc/ienbach (•2625'), the left bank of wbicli 
we skirt to the (25 min.) Steilenfdlle. The path then ascends rapidly tu 
the right through wood to a .-mall .<;hrinc, turns to the left, and crosses 
a clearing after a few minutes, from which a path through wood leads to 
tbe (i hr.) royal bridle-path from Klmau (pp. 55. 60). The route next ascends 
to the right to tbe (3/4 hr.) Wetterttein Alp (4?0:,'; rfmts.) and pa?t the 
Schachen Alp, with the .«mall Scf achen-See. to (If 4 hr.) the Konigshaus, 
built by King Louis II. and cntaining a magnificent Moori-h saloon (adni. 
50 pf.; restaurant, with 22 beds at 2-2V2 Ji ; telepbt ne). The Pavilion, a 
few hundred paces to the W., vn tbe brink of the abyss, commands a 
splendid "View of the Eeintal below u.<i. with the Plattacb-Ferner, Schnee- 
femerkopf, and Wetterspitzen, the Hocht'lassen and Alpspitze to the right, 
and (to the S.) tbe Ober-Reintal and Dreitor.-^pitze. To the N. stretches 
the vast Bavarian plain. Tbe Alpine Garden on the Schachen affords an 
iutere.'tin;-: survey of the flora of the High Alps (adm 30 pf.) 

Fn m the Konigsbaus a marked path asc ends via tbe Tev/elsgsass 
(G3T5'), the Schachenplatte (wire-rof es), and the (I1/4 hr.) Frauenalpl to tbe 
0/2 br.) Meiler-Hiitte, a chib-but (8 mattre ses) on the Dreitir spitz- Gattei-l 
(rsri; 779 ''.), with striking view (ascent of the Dreitor-pi'ze, etc., see 
below). A steep path descends tbroujih tbe grand Bevglen-Tal and round 
the Oefele-Kopf (81T0) to (3 hrs.) Unter- Le%Uasch or (41/2 bra.) Ober- Leutasrh 
(p. 60); another [descent (with guide) to (23/4 brs.) Ober-Leuta«ch passes 
via the Seller Pats and tbe Pviten Alp. — From Elmau (p. 55) a good 
bridle-path (driving practicable but n't agreeable; mountain -carr. for 
2 pers. QO Jf, to le ordered the day before by telephone to the Schachen 
restanran?) ascends in 3-3V2 hrs to the Schachen. — From tbe Schachen 
a steep club-rath (marked) descends info the Ofer-Reintal (p. 54; IV2 hr. 
to the Bock-Hiitte, ascent in 2"o-3 hr?.)- 

The 'Partenkirchener Dreitorspitze (S.W. sumn>it f640'. centrjil summit 
8605', X.E. fummit 8550') i- Li'ihly interestinir and not very difficult for 
experts (t;uide 18 Jl, all three snuimils 20 J(). Via the Schachen to the 
(7 hrs.) iieiler-Siitte , see above; thence by a new path (wire -ropes ard 
steps) in l'/2br to tbe S.W. peak. The view is magnificent, particularly 
of the immediate environs with the sava:.e Oefcl.-K«.'pf, and of the Zug- 
spitze and iLe valleys of the I.oisach tnd tbe Is.'ir. — Tlie Leutascher 
DrcitorBpitze {Karltpitze. b770') is ascended from the Meiler-Hiitte in 2 hr--. 
with guide (18 U(f. inelnding the three Partenkirchmer Ureitorspit/en 30^), 
or fn m Leutasih (p. CO) via the Puiten-Tal and the Plattach in 6 hr.-*. Tbe 
view surpasses that from the Partenkircbencr Dreilorspitze. A combined 
excursion over all thfse peaks forms one of the finest and most ineresting 
tours in the district. — The Musterstein (8125'), ascended Irom tbe Meiler- 
Hiitte via the Torlspi'zen in 2'/2 brs. with guii^e, is a difficult but very 
interesting clmb, for experts only. 

'Alpspitze (8595': guide 14 Ji), fatiguing but very attractive. Tie 
most interesting route (nof very ditTclt for experts with guide) ascend.s 
from the Hcillental Hiitte (p. 51) throngh tbe wild Maihai' enVar (wire-rop>' 
in pluce.-^) to ihe (S*/* hrs.) Grietlar-Scharte (797.5') and across the S. arete 
t(j the (1 br.) suun it. An easier rf ute. tborgh also only for 3t( ady bea<!s, 
a'ccnds from the Kreu7eck-Hau3 (p. 51) via the (V2 br.) Hochalm and the 
Sehiingdnge (w;re-rope 2i'0 yds in length) in 3 hrs.; or we may a.<^cend from 
(272 hra.j the Reintul-Hoepiz (p, 51) via the Bodenlahn-Tal to the (IV2 br.) 

54 I. R.9.— Map8,pp.48,46. ZUGSPITZE. Excursions 

Gotten Alp (4780'), and thence 0>etter for the descent) past (IV2 hr.) the 
small Stuiben-See (630;")') to the (2 hrs.) summit, on which stands an iron 
cross 23 ft. high. — The Hochblassen (8880'), a very difficult ascent, is 
climbed from the Grie^kar- Scharte (p. 53) in l-H/;; hr. to the peak, with 
the signal, and thence in 1/2 hr. to the main peak (guide 20 UiQ- 

The 'Zugspitze (9720'), the highest summit of the Bavarian Alps, re- 
quires iO-11 hrs. from Partenkirchen (to the Knorr-Hiitte 7, thence to 
the top 3-31/2 hrs.; guide 15 Jl, with descent to Ehrwald 18 J(S^). Ascent 
laborious, but not difficult for tolerable climbers and very interesting. As 
on p. 53 to the (1 hr.) bridge over the Fevchenhach (2G25'); at the finger- 
post we ascend to the right into the Reintal and cross the Partnach three 
times; V2 hr., at the Wiesele-Graben, finger-post pointing to the right to 
the Reintal-Hospiz (p. 51); 2 min. farther on the path crosses the Bodenlahne 
(the Alpspitze and Hochblassen rise on the right), and then ascends to the 
right through the monotonous Stuihenwald (the Mittcr-Klamm remaining 
on the left). After 3/4 hr., at a point where the path again approaches 
the Partnach , we obtain a fine view of the wild Hinter-Klamm. We 
now descend tu the Partnach, and follow its left bank to (V* hr.) the 
Bock-Hiitte (3475'), where the magnificent Hintere Reintal is disclosed to 
view. Then past the Sieben Spriinge (a copious spring; 3595') to (2/4 hr.) 
the Vordere Blaue Oinape^ beautifully situated below the path, to the left. 
The Blaugumpen-Eutle (3880'; closed) on a rocky height at the lower end 
of the lake commands a splendid view. The path now ascends between 
huge fragments of rock, the remains of an old landslip; 1/2 hr. farther on 
lies the Hintere Blaue Gumpe C3975'), usually dry in autumn. Farther up the 
path ascends across an extensive avalanche track (on the left the imposing 
Fall of the Partnach) to the (V4 hr.) Anger (4485'), the uppermost part of 
the valley. The ridge (4495'; 3/4 hr.) commands a fine view of the imposing 
head of the valley, and, in the opposite direction, of the Blaue Gumpen 
with the pavilion on the Schachen high above. On the Untere Anger, 
8 min. farther on, is the Anger Hut (4480'; Inn. 4 mattresses; telephone). 
We cross the Partnach higher up and either take the bridle-path to the 
left, through wood, to the Obere Anger (4735'). or ascend the right bank 
of the stream to the (10 min.) Partnach- Ursprung (4755'), a gorge filled 
with the debris of avalanches, from which the copious brook bursts forth. 
In the latter case we retrace our steps for a few paces and ascend to the 
right to the bridle-path. We then ascend through creeping pines and by 
a zigzag path on the slope of the Piatt to (2 hrs.) the Knorr-Hiitte (6730'; 
*Inn, with sleeping-house, 16 beds at 3, 20 mattresses at 2 ^,- telephone; 
good spring water), usually crowded on Sat. nights. From the club-hut 
we ascend (bridle-path) the rocky slope of the Piatt to the (IV2 hr.) Platt- 
Hutte (8285'), a shelter hut on the margin of the Grosse Schnee-Ferner, where 
horses are dismissed. We cross the neve in ^/t hr , mount a slope of debris 
(the '•Sand-Reisse') and then bv steep rocks (iron pegs and wire-ropes) to 
the (1/2 hr.) arete and (to the 'right: 2J-30 min.) the W. Peak (9720'), on 
which are the Miinchner Haus (9700'; Inn, 18 mattresses at 4 Jf ; adm. 
50 pf) and a meteorological station. A club-path (double wire-rope) con- 
nects the W. with the (1/4 hr.) E. Peak (9715'), which is marked by a cross 
16' in height. The "^Panorama is superb : to the 8., the Tauern chain from 
the Ankogel, the Zillertal, Stubai, and Oetztal Mps. Ortler, Bernina; to 
the W., Silvretta, Lechtal and Allgau Alps, Tddi, Santis ; to the E. the Kar- 
vvendel-Gebir^e, and the Achental and Kilzbiihl Alps as far as the Staufen. 
A shorter ascent leads from the Eibsee via the Wiener-Necstautek 
HoTTK (6V2-7 hrs.; for expert climbers with steady heads only; guide 15 J(). 
The Tiirlen route is followed to (V2 hr.V the finger-post mentioned at 
p. 5d, whence a steep and laborious path to the left ascends to the (3V2-4 hrs.) 
wiener -NeustJldter Hiitte in the Oesterreichische Schneekar (72^5'; Inn, 
25 mattresses); thence a steep and giddy ascent (wire-rope and footholds) to 
the (IV2-2 hrs.) arete and the (20 min.) W, summit. — From Ehrwai.d (p. 44) 
climbers may either (if free from giddiness; guide 12 Z., with descent to 
the Knorr-Hiitte or Eibsee 20 K.) ascend the 'Georg-Jager-Steig' (red marks) 
to the (31/2 hrs.) Wiener- Nevstddter Hiitte and as above to the (21/2 hrs.) W. 
summit; or (longer but easier) they may proceed by the Ehrwalder Alp 

from Partenkirchen. TORLEN. Map, p. 4S. — /. fi. 9 . 55 

the Feldem-Jochl, and the Gatterl (see below), to the (6hrs.) Knorr-HiUte and 
thence to the (3 hrs.) summit. — From the Hollental-Hctte (p. 51) to the 
Zagspitze 5-6 hra. (guide 20 fr.). This is the most interesting ascent, and 
since the path has been provided with numerous iron pegs and wire-ropes 
it is no longer very difficult for expert climbers with steady heads, unless 
it is covered with snow. We ascenil the steep rocky slopes of the Brett to 
the Hollentalkar and thence across the Hollental Glacier to the arete and 
E. summit. 

The Schneefernerkopf (9435'l may be ascended without difficulty fop 
adepts from the Knorr-Hiitte (p. 54), in 3 hrs. with guide (12 Jl). We 
follow the Zugspitze route as far as the (2 hrs.) 'Sand Reisse', then ascend 
to the left over the Schnee-Ferner, and finally mount over rocks to the 
(1 hr.) summit. The view is little inferior to that from the Zuerspitze. 
Comp. p. 44. — The Hochwanner (9010') is a fatiguing but very interesting: 
ascent (5 hrs. from the Knorr-Hiitte; guide 16 Ulf). We ascend across the 
Oatterl tn the Feldern-Jdchl (see lielow), then proceed to the left over 
the Kothach- Battel (7165') to the (2V2 hrs.) Steineme Huttlen ('stone huts'; 
6325') in the Kotbaeh-Tal, whither also a path ascends from the Tillfuss 
Alp (p. 60) Thence we ascend to the N.E., below the slopes of the Kleine 
Wanner (8355'), cross the Mittel-Joch into the HocfitDonnerkar, and reach the 
('2'/2-3 hrs.) summit. 

Passes. The shortest route to Innsbruck from the Knorr-Hiitte crosses 
the (1 hr.) Gatterl (6640*) and the (20 min.) Feldern-Jdchl (6700*) to the 
(lV2hr.) Tillfuss Alp in the Oaistal (p. 60); thence either over the Nieder- 
tnunde (6775') in 6 hrs. (with guide) or via Levtasch-Platzl (p. 60) in 4V3 hrs. 
to Telfs (p. 314). 

From Partenkirchen to Mitteswald via Elmac, 41/2-5 hrs., by a 
marked path, a much better route for pedestrians th;.n the highroad. 
From (l'/4 hr.) Vorder-Graseck (p. 50) we ascend the pastures for a short 
distance, and then turn to the right. After 20 min. we go straight on (not 
to the right to Mittel-Graseck) to (10 min.) Ninter-Graseck-^ 'A br., bridge 
over the Ferchenbach (previous bridges should be avoided) ; then for V4 hr. 
.straight through the wood, and down to (7 min.) Elmau (3320'; good inn, 
22 beds), whence a road leads past the Ferchensee and Lauiersee to (6 M.) 
Mittenwald (p. 59). — From Elmau to the Schachen (3V2 hrs.), see pp. 53, 60. 

The Walchensee (p. 67) is I9V2M. from Partenkirchen (motor car via 
Mittenwald 4 times daily in 21/4 hrs). The direct road diverges to the left at 
(7V2 M.) Klais (p. 59), and passes near the Barmsee (p. 68); 3 M. Kriin; 
9 31. the village of Walchen.iee (p. 67). The route via Eschenlofie (railway 
in 35 min. ; then on foot through the Eschental in 3V2-4 hrs. ; see p. 47) 
is shorter but less convenient. 

From Oabmisch to Lermoos, 15 M. (motor-omnibus in summer thrice 
daily in I3/4 hr., 4 Jl ; omn. twice daily in 3Vifhrs., 2 .if 60 pf. ; carr. 12, 
two-hopsc 20 Jt). The road runs through the wooded Loisach-Tal to 
(IOV2 M.) the frontier-inn at Griesen (p. 58), where we turn to the left (to 
the right the road to the Plansee, p. 58), cross the .Austrian frontier, and 
proceed via the (32/4 M.) old Ehrwalder Scfianze (2^55' ; Inn zur Schanz, bed 
1 K.) to (3 M.) Ehruald (p. 44) and (3 M.) Lermoos (p. 43). 

From the F:ibsee over the Torlen to Ehrwald, 3 hrs. (guide un- 
necessary). We follow the Frillen-See route (p. 52) for 2 min. and then 
(finger-post) ascend to the left by a marked path ; '/z hr. finger-post indicating 
the path (to the left) to the Wiener-Neustadter Hiitte (p. 54); V2 hr. a clear- 
ing in the wood; 1/2 hr. Austrian frontier. From the (10 min.) summit of 
the Torlen (4955'; crucifix and shelter-hut) we obtain a fine view of the 
Zugspitze and of the Osterreichische Schneekar (p. 54), to the extreme 
right. Descent through wood to the (50 min.) Tiirl Inn and (V2 hr.) Ehr- 
wald (p. 44). 

From Partenkirchen to Hohenschwangau ^ omnibus daily in 13 hrs. ; 
see p. 89. 


10. From Munich to Fiissen via Ober-Ammergau. 

a. From Munich to Ober-Ammergau. 

61 V-.' M- Railway in 2V4-4 hrs. (express-fares 2 J( iO, Q Jt 20, i^it 10 pf. ; 
by quick train N Jf 40, b Jl 20, 3 J( 60 pf). 

From Munich to (467-2 ^^0 Murnau, see p. 47. The line to Ober- 
Ammergau describes a wide curve to the W., and skirts the ridge 
that divides tlie Stafl'el-See from the valley of the Loisach. To the 
S. opens a fine mountain-view. — 49 M. Berggeist; 501/2 M. Grafen- 
aschau; 53 M. Jiigerhaus. The line now ascends along the mountain- 
slope. 54 M. Kohlgrub, station for the village of that name (2715'; 
Lehmann's Inn ; Schwarzer Adler). We again ascend and beyond a 
deep cutting reach (54 '/2 M.) Bad Kohlgnib (2820'). About 1/2, M. 
to the S. are the prettily situated chalybeate and peat baths (2955'-, 
*Kurhaus, bed 1V2-5, board 41/2 -5V2 «^ ." *H6t.-P€ns. Linden- 
schlosachen, with garden, open 15th May-20th Sept., 38 beds at 
2-4, B. 1, pens. 5-10 J^ ; *Bayrlscher Hof, bed 1-3, pens. 4 ^ ; 
Pens. Villa Holland), frequented also as a health-resort and as a 
station for winter sports. 

The Olga-Hohe and Fall er Aim (V2 hr. ; rfmts.) command fine views to 
the N. of the hills and lakes of Upper Bavaria. — The highly attractive 
a.scent of the Hornle (5080) may he made in 2 hrs. ; shelter on the top 
(rfmts. in winter; milk and bread at the Alm-Hiitte, 10 min. distant); splen- 
did view of the Alps, to the S., and of the bavarian plain, vnth Munich, 
to the N. — Tobogganing and ski-ing in winter. 

Beyond (551/2 M.) Saulgrub (Post, plain), whence a road leads 
to tbe right to Rottenbuch (p. 17), the line reaches its highest point 
(2870') and then descends to the S. into the wide Ammer-Tal. 
56V2 M- Altenau (2750'; Limmer), charmingly situated at the W. 
base of the Hornle, with the electric generating station of the rail- 
way. 57 M. Scherenau; bS^/o M. Unter-Ammergau (2745'; Schuh- 
wirt), where wc cross the Ammer. 

611 'oM. Ober-Ammergau. _ Hotels. •Wittki.sbachek Hof, with 
L'arden,' 90 beds at IV^-S, pens. G-iO Jf ; Bahnhof-Hotel, 36 beds at 11/2-2, 
l.cns. 4V2-0 »//, well .opoken of ; Alte Post, 40 beds at 1V«-2V2, pens. 3-6 Jl, 
^ood ; Hot. Ostekbichl. 39 beds at 1-2, pens. i-GJt: La>im; Rose; ROssl. — 
Pensions: Daheim; Mayr; Bold; Veil. — Cafi- Restaurant Suisse; Pens, dc St. Gregor, 3/4 M. from the station. 

Ober-Ammergau (2745'), a large village with 1650 inhab., is 
celebrated for the Passion Plays performed here every tenth year 
(next in 1920). The theatre, with a stage open to the sky, is at 
the N. end of the village. Wood and ivory carving is the chief 
occupation of the inhabitants. A visit should be paid to the Lang 
Museum of ancient art-works made in the village; to the school of 
carving; and to the ancient Christmas Manger, with some figures 
over 200 years old, at Seb. Schauer's (House No. 4). — To the W. 
of the village, at the base of the Kofel (p. 57), stands a colossal 
group of the Crucifixion in Kelheim sandstone, executed by Halbig, 
and presented by King Louis IL in 1875. In the park of the Hotel 
Osterbichl is the Morocco house of King Louis (adm. 20 pf.). 

LINDERHOF. Map, p. 46. — /. R. 10. 57 

Excursions. Td the Au/acier (5060'), by a marked path in 2-2V2 hrs., 
easy and interesting (no guide required); splendid view. — To the top of 
the Ko/el (4405'), !»/« hr.. laborious but free from danger (wire-rn]ie). — To 
the top of the Ettaler Mandl (5360'), via the Soila, in SVz brs. (for adepts 
only), see below. — The Laber-Joch (5520'; fine view) is reached in 31/2 hrs. 
viathe Laber Alp or via the Soxla. On the top is a sheller-hut (8 beds and 
8 mattresses*. Thence to the Ettaler Mandl (see above), 3/4 hr. — To the 
PUrtchling Shooting - Lodge (52'^0'), bridle-path in 3 hrs. (steep descent to 
Linderhof, 1' 2 hr.). Interesting excursion in winter, with skis or toboggans, 
to see the deer fed in front of Schloss Linderl of (p. 58). 

b. From Ober-Ammergau to Linderhof and Fussen. 

36 M. OsiNiBDs (15 seats) twice daily in summer in 10 hrs. (fare S »^). 
Passengers by ihe afternoon omnibus spend the night at Linderhof, where 
also the morning omnibus halts for dinner (I'/x hr.). — From I'artenkirchen 
(Goldner f^tern) to Hnhenschwan'.'au (Hot. Schwansee) via Linderhof, Reuttc. 
and Fussen, omnibus in summer (June-8ept.) daily in 13 hrs., starting at 
7 a.m. (fare 9 U(f 20 pf. ; to Linderhof in SV* hrs., with halt of 33/4 hrs. there, 
fare 2 Jl 70, return-ticket 4 ^ 80 pf.). — One-horse Carriage from Ober- 
Ammergau to Linderhof 1'2, there and back 18^, two-horse 18 or 24; to 
Ammerwald, IS or 24 (single journey): to Plansee (Forelle) 21»r28; Reutte 
30 or 45; Fiissen 40 or 56; Hohenschwangau 4o or 60; Oberau 12 or 18; 
Partenkirchcn 16 or 21 Jl. — Motor-cars are pruhibited on the road from 
Ettal to Linderhof, Plansee, and Eeutte. 

Oler-Ammergau, see p. 56. The road to Linderhof (2'A2 hrs'. 
walk) ascends tlie broad Ammer-Tal and in 8/4 hr. unites with the 
road from Oberau (p. 48). 

From Oberau to Ober-Ammkrgau (B M.) and Linderhof (11 M.). The 
road leads to the W., passing the ('/? M.) [/n term berg Inn, and ascends, at 
fir-t in a wide sweep to the right, along the N. side of the wooded gorge 
of the G:essenbach (shr.rt-cuis for pedestrian>). At the bottom of the valley 
runs the .-teep old nai. Tht; upper end of the gorge is clo.'^ed by the 
Ettaler Berg, which the new road circumvents hy curving to the left (shf rt- 
cut by the old roal). — 4' •.• M. Ettal (2875'; £loseerinrtsc/-aft), a Benedictine 
convent founded by Emp. Louis the Bavarian in 13.^0, and rebuilt in 1744. 
The church, wi:h its inipo.-ing dome (236 ft. higli), was remodelled in the 
baroque style; it contains frescoe-^ by Knoller and a famous organ. The 
Ettaler Mandl (5360') is ascended here by a .'haiy path in 2' '2-8 hrs. (see 
above). A pa'h commanding fine views leads from the Ettaler Mandl to 
the ('/4 hr.) Labcr-Joch Biitie (see above). — Aboiit 1/2 ^I- farther on the 
road fork.":, the right branch leading to (3 M.) Obtr-Ammergau (p. 56), that 
to the left to (6 Jl.) Linderhof. 

The road next passes the Pension Dickelschwaige (left), and 
reaches (31/2M.) Grasicang (2886' ; .Fischer), beyond which it leads 
through the verdant Graswang-Tal., or upper valley of the Amme«. 
To the left opens the wide Elmauer Gries (p. 58), above which 
peeps the Zug^pitze. Just beyond the (7 M.) forester's house of 
Linder (Restaurant, bed l-2'/2 ^U ; vehicle for hire) we cross a bridge 
to the right leading to (71/2 ^I-) the royal *Schlos8 Linderhof 
(3080'), erected and splendidly decorated in the rococo style by King 
Louis II. in 1869-78 (adra. from May 10th to Oct. 18th daily, 9-12 
& 1.30-5; fee 3 tV/, including grotto and kiosque, Sun. & holidays 
1V2»^; closed on June 13th). To the left of the entrance are the 
office and the Schloss-Eotel Linderhof (80 beds at 1^4-3, pens. 
4V2-6 M, very fair). 

58 I. R.10. — Map8,pp.46,42. PLANSEE. 

The Vestihttle (adm. in parties of 12 pers.) contains an equestrian statue 
of Louis XIV, after Bosio. On the First floor ia a series of finely fitted 
up rooms with paintings of French celebrities and events in the time 
of Louis XIV and Louis XV. — The extensive Gardens are embellished 
with fountains, statuary, etc., and contain the Monopteros, a small temple 
with a figure of Venus' (sood view), and the Orotto, with a subterranean 
lake, which can be illuminated with electric light. Near the grotto is the 
J/bomft A'io«5'?<«, richly gilded and decorated, with stalactite vaulting, ena- 
melled peacocks, etc. Behind the palace are the Cascades^ where the foun- 
lains play at noon and at U p.m. fur 1/4 br. — A visit to the palace and 
gardens, including the grotto and the kiosque, takes about 2 hrs. 

Linderhof is lre(iuentcd in winter by ski-runnerf. The feeding of the 
deer (often 100-200 head) between 3 and 4 p.m., about IV2 M. from tbe 
forester's bouse, is intore'^ting. The road to the Plansee is not kept open 
in winter, but is excellently adapted for skis. The route via tlie 'Schi'itzen- 
steig' to Hohenschwangau should be attempted in clear weather only. 

The road to Reutte now ascends gradually through the finely- 
wooded Ammer-Tal to the (II3/4 M.) Grenz-Brucke , or frontier- 
bridge, about 1/2 M. to the left of which (guide-post; the omn. waits 
Y2 tr.) is the Hunding-Hutte (3640'), a blockhouse in the old Ger- 
man style (comp. Wagner's opera of the 'Walkyrie'; adm. 50 pf. ; 
rfmts.). We then skirt the N. base of the Geierlcopf (709b'), travers- 
ing the wooded Ammerwald-Tal, and reach (I41/2M.) ihe*Hotel-Pens. 
Ammerwald (3576'; 140 beds at 1V2-2V:2) pe»s. 6^/2-7 Jf), whence 
the 'Schiitzensteig' (p. 41) leads to the right to (3V2 ^rs.) Hohen- 
schwangau. About 3 M. farther on the road emerges from the wood 
and reaches (I71/2M.) the dark-green Plansee (3190'), a fine sheet 
of water, 3 M. long by 2/3 M. broad and 245 ft. deep, enclosed by 
wooded mountains. On its bank is the Austrian Custom House, near 
which are a monument to King Max II. of Bavaria, and the *Plansee- 
Hotel or ForeUe (118 beds at 11/4-4, pens. 6-7 J/; lake-baths). 

A Steames plies on the Plansee in summer 5-6 tiiiie<» daily, from the 
Hot. Forelle to Seespitz (25 min.) and Heiterwaug (20 min. farther); fare 
to See«pitz 80 pf., to Heiterwang IV2 Jf, there and back 1 Jf 70 pf., from 
.Seespitz to Heiterwan? 1 ^. 

Fhom the Plansee to (iAHMiscH-PARTENKiucnEN, 15 M. (omnibiis in 
summer twice daily in 3 hrs. ; 'l^jijU). The road skirts the Plansee to its 
E. end (1 M.), crosses a rocky barrier, and descends in a wide curve on 
the other side to the (1 M.) Bavarian frontier (3040'). The old footpath, 
diverging to the left at stone 85, is a short-cut to thia point. The wooded 
Neidernadi-Tal is now traversed; 3/4 M. 'Bei den drei Wassern\ a broad 
mud-stream, with huge masses of detritus ; IV2 M. 'View of the Zugspitze. 
The road quits the wood V2 M. farther on, and reaches (V* M.) the high- 
iflad and the Bavarian custom-bouse at Griesen (2690'; inn at the forester'.s, 
8 beds). Hence to (TJ/o M.) Lermoos^ see p. 55; through the Elmauer Ories 
to Graswang (p. 57), with guide, in 3 hrs. ; to the Eibsee, see p. 52. — The 
Partenkirchen road descends the wooded Loisach-Tal, and crosses the 
Loisach (S^/* M.); 1 M. farther on the wood terminates. On the right rises 
the Waxensteiu, beyond it the Zugspitze. The road to the Hollental-Klamm 
(p. 51) and the Eibsee (p. 52) diverges to the right a little on this side 
of (274 M.) the Schmolz (p. 52), at the mouth of the Hammersbach (p. 51). 
3 M. Station of Oarmisch-Partenlirchen, see p. 4S. 

The road to Reutte, shadeless in the morning, skirts the N, bank 
of the Plansee, passing the Kaiserbrunnen. From the (2O1/2 M.) 
*H6t.-Ptns. Seespitz (70 beds at 1V2-3V2, pens. 5-7i/2 K. ; lake- 
baths), at theW. end of the lake, Heiterwang is reached in 20 min. 

MITTENWALD. Maps, pp.4S,46. — I. R.l l. 59 

by steamboat (see p. 58) or in I1/2 ^^r. on foot (p. 43). — Farther 
on we pass the Little Plansee, cross the Arch, which flows out of it, 
and reach (2172 M.) a chapel, near a good spring. 

A footpath descends 1/4 M. farther on to the right, through wood, to 
the Upper and (20 min.) "Loicer Stuiben Fall , whence we may either ascend 
to the left to (10 min.) the road, or follow the 'Hermann-Steig' skirting 
the Arch to Miihl and (1 hr.) Reutie (comp. p. 43). 

The road crosses the Rossrucken (3295'), affording a fine view of 
the Lechtal, with the Glimmspitze and Hochvogel in the background. 
We then descend the slope of the Tauem (p. 43), where the patli 
from the lower Stuiben Fall ( see above) joins the road at a stone 
with an inscription. The road afterwards proceeds via the small 
bath of Krekelmoos to (24</2 M.) Reutte (p. 42). From Reutte to 
(30 M.) Fiissen, see R. 7. 

11. From Paxtenkirchen via Mitten wald to Zirl 

( Innsbruck ) . 

29 M. GovEBNMFNT MoToR Sekvice from Garmisch-Partenkirchen station, 
via 3Iittenwald, to (ISVz 51.) Schnrnitz. 5-7 times daily in summer in V/z hr., 
connecting at Mittenwald with the motdr-services to Kochel, Bad Tolz, and 
Tegernsee (pp. (i4, 70). From Scharnitz to (ISVz M.) Zirl, Omnibus in 4 hrs. 
(fare 4 Jll)\ railway under construction. Carriage from Partenkirchen to 
ilittentrald, with one horse 10, two horses 18^; from Mittenwald to Zirl, 
17 or 2b J(; from Innsbruck to Partenkirchen, with two horses 80 A'. 

The New Road to Mittenwald (11 M., a drive of 3 hrs.) passes 
near the (1^4 M.) Kainzen-Bad (p. 49), and then ascends steadily 
through undulating pastures. The old road is shorter and steeper. 
Beyond (4V2 ^^^0 Kalienhrunn the bold peaks of the Karwendel 
range appear in front. G'/i M. Gerold ; l^j.j M. Klais (Schottl's Inn ; 
to the Barrnsee and Kriin, see p. 68; to Elmau, see p. 55). The 
road passes the marshy Schmalsee, and winds down into the Isar- 
Tal, where it reaches — 

11 M. Mittenwald. — Hotels. 'Post, 120 beds at I'/e-S, pens. 5-8 Jf, 
with clever animal-sketches by Paul Meyerheim in the garden; Tbadbe, 
bed IV4-3, pens. 5-6 Jif. well spoken of ; Hot. -Pens. Wetterstein, 60 beds 
at IV2-3, pens. 0-61/2 J^- good; Stern ; Zlm Karwendel, 40 beds at 1-2V2 Jl, 
Alpeneose, both plain but good. — Pension Villa Netmer. — Bathing-estab- 
liabments with swimming-baths in the Laintal and on the Lautersee, see 
below. — Visitor's Tax for a stay of 4-6 days 1, 1-4 weeks 2, more than 
4 week^ 3, family ticket 5 Jl. — Guides. Georg Futterer , Kaspar and 
Franz Kr inner, Fritz Loffler, F. Heiss, M. Hornsteiner. 

Mittenwald (2990'), the last Bavarian viUage (2000 inhab.), 
overshadowed by the precipitous Karwendelspitze , is a favourite 
summer-resort. The manufacture of violins and guitars, which are 
chiefly exported to England and America, forms the principal occu- 
pation of the inhabitants. A bronze statue of Mathias Klotz (d. 
1743), who introduced the violin-industry, by F. von Miller, was 
erected near the church in 1890. A tablet on one of the houses 
next the church commemorates a visit of Goethe (1786). Good sur- 
vey of the environs from the Kalvarienberg (8 min.). 

60 LB.ll.~-Maf!i^'<,46. MITTENWALD. FromFartenkirchen 

Excursions. Pretty walk along the Rain-Weg, on the rijibl bank of 
the laar, past the Isar-Steg and Cafe Raineck, to the (V2 hr.) Hvssil-Brucke 
(p. 6S). Fine view Iroui the EirtenUchl. — To the -Lautersee (3315'; 
3/4 hr). We I'olldw Ihc street to theW. from the Post Inn, and then turn 
to the left (finger-post) and ascend by the carriage-road to the lake (restau- 
rant, with baths), prettily situated among woods, and reflecting the jagged 
cliQ"3 of the Karwendel and Wetterstein-Gebirge (finest towards evening). 
The return may be agreeably made through the Laiutal, past the waterfall 
and the batbing-estahli.'-hment. or (to the left before descending) via the 
Kalvarienberg (p. 5'J) Fr(ira the Lautersee to the Eramberg., see below. — 
About 3/4 M. above the Lautersee lies the lonely Ferchensee (3475'), at 
the base of the Wetterstcin and Oriinkopf (fine echo) i thence to (1V4 hr.) 
Elmau, and to (2^/2 hrs.) Farteiikircheii via Graseck, see p. 55. — From the 
Ferchensee over the Framosensteig (4185'), between the Griinkopf and 
Wetterstein, to Vnter-Lentasch (see below), 3 hrs., guide advisable (3 Jl)-^ 
steep and tnilsonie. — To the Konigshavi am Schachen ^ 6 hrs.: road to 
(2'/4 hrs.) Elinau (p. 55) and thence via the Knnigaweg (eomp. p. 53; guide 
from Mittcnwr.ld 4-5 Jl). — To the Barmsee (p. 68). IV2 hr. 

Leutasch-Klamm, there and back 3/4 hr. (waterproof desirable). At the 
bridge over the I.sar (p. 61) we diverge to the right from the Scharnitz 
road. (Key ot the inn 'Zur Briicke', 30 pf.) In 1/4 hr. we reach the pictur- 
esque gorge (best in the morning). 'The path is not continued beyond 
the waterfall (4 min.). — Outside the entrance to the g^rge a finger-post 
indicates a path ascending to the right to Leutasch (1 hr. ; ."^ee below). 

The *Hohe Kranzberg (4565' ; IV 2 hr.) , marked bridle-path (guide, 2 .£"., 
unnecessary) over the (S min.) Kalvarienberg (p. 59) to the summit (inn 
in summer; pavilion), which commands a tine view. A good path des- 
cends through wood to the (40 min.) Lautersee (see above). 

Leutasch-Tal (to Leutasch- Muhl, 1 hr., to Ober- Leutasch, 3 hrs.). 
We ascend a cart-track to the right by the custom-house, before reaching 
the Isar bridge, to the shooting-range, and proceed thence through wood, 
across the Austrian frontier, and past (25 min.) a chapel. We then descend 
gradually into the Leutasch-Tal, which at its mouth is a narrow gorge 
(see above), but soon expands into a grassy valley, bounded on the N. by 
the enormous precipices of the Wetterstein. In the background are the 
Oefelekopf, Gehrenspitze, and Hochmunde. After crossing the (V4 lir.) 
brook, we reach (8 min.) the Austrian custom-house (once forming a 
fortified barrier across the road). From this point a carriage-road, re- 
crossing to the left bank at (10 min.) the Leutasch- Miihle (3340'; inn; to 
the right is the Framosensteig^ descendintr from the Griinkopf, see above), 
leads to (10 min. more) Unter- Leutasch (3410'; Briicke, B. 50-80 /^.). Thence it 
continues via the Untere Gasse and the Ohere Oasse, where a road diverges 
to the left at the (l'/4 hr.) Kossl Inn for O/i hr.) Unter -Weidach (see 
below), and reaches (1/4 hr.) Ober- Leutasch , or Leutasch -Widum (3695'; 
Xanderwirt, bed VJiE; Post, plain; guides, Alois Jleiss, Andrd liauth). 
From this point a road leads to the E., passing (1 M.) Ober- Weidach, 
near the fretty, wr.od-girt Weidach Lake (3(05'), and ('/^ M.) Untir-Weidach 
(*H("iiel /.um See), in a charmin'.' situation, and cros.=ing the Leutascher 
Mfihder (4110*) farther on, to (6 M.) See/eld (p. 63). — Dreitorspitzen and 
Meiler-IIiitte. sec p. .52. — The Arnqntze (72(^5') is ascended frcm Oler- 
Leutasch via the Hohe Sutttl (4865') in 4 hrs. with guide (see p. 61). — 
A cart-road, pas.sing (20 min.) Letiiasch-Plalzl (3S25'), at the base of the 
Ilochmunde (see below), leads through wood to the (3/4 hr.) ridge (4140') 
dividing this valley from the Inntal and descends via Buchen (restaurant) 
to (1^4 hr.) 1'elfs (p. 314). — The toilsome but interesting ascf^nt of the 
Hochmunde (8730') may be made from Leutasch-Plat/l via \h& Mooser Alp 
(5345') in 4V'2-5 hrs. (with guide, 12.^.; comp. p. 314), — A carriage-road 
leads from Ober-Leutasch to the (2V4 Iir.) Tillfusa Alp (4570'; rfmts.) in 
the Gaistal, with a sbooling-lodge belonging to Dr. Gangh(.fer. I'ath 
hence via the Prsi-Kopelle to (4 hrs.) Ehrwald. see p. 44 (guide 8 K.); via 
the Feldern-Jachl (6700') and the Gatterl (6640') to the (41/4 hrs.) Knorr- 
Hiitte, sec p. 55 (guide 10 A'.); across the Niedeimvnde-Sattel (6775') to the 
(4 hrs.) Alplhaus (p. 4(3) or (5 hrs.) Tel/s, see p. 314 (guide 12 K.). 

to Zirl. MITTENWALP. itfaps, pp. 4.9, 46. — /. i2. 7 i. 61 

Vereins Alp (4615'; 3V2 hrs. ; guide 3'/2 Ji, unnecessary). The path 
crosses the Isar at the Hussel-Muhle (p. 6S) and ascends to the left to 
(.1 hr.) the Aschauer Chapel (3250'; rfmts. at the Aschaiier Aim), where it 
crosses the Seinxb'ich. It then mounts steeply to the right, and reaches a 
tolerable cart-road, running high up on the right side of the Seinsgraben, 
via the Ochsen Alp (^SBuO and the wild ravine of the Reissende Lahn, to 
the ('2V2 hrs.) Vereins Alp (4615'; plain accommodation), with a shooting- 
box of the Grand-Duke of Luxembourg. — A bridle-path leads hence via 
Jdgersrufi to the (3 hrs.) Soiern (p. 63); then through the Fischbach-Tal 
(at the bottom of which we cross the bridge to the left, and reach a 
finger-post in 10 min.). either to the right to (3 hrs.) Voi'der-Riss, or to 
the left via the Fischbach Alp to (3 hrs.) Kriin (p. (38). — Fkom tuk Vek- 
Eiss Alp to thk Riss there are two routes (guide from Mittenwald 9 
or 11 ^U, not indispensable). One route leads through the densely-wooded 
Ferriiersbach-Tul to (I hr.) the Brandel Alp (3730*). Thence a good path, 
high up on the left side of the valley, leads to the Peindel Alp (3225'), 
where it descends to the right, and, after crossing the Rissbach. reaches 
(3 hrs.) the Oswald -Eutte (p. 72). The other route (with blue marks) 
descends to the right from the Vereins Alp along the Fermersbach to the 
(3/4 hr.) Jagd'^teig (bridge), then to the right through the Vordersbach- Au 
(4190') to ('2 hrs.) Ilinter-Riss (p. 72). 

The Westlicbe Karwendelspitze t78-22'-, 41/2 hrs.; guide, 6 Jt, not in- 
dispensable for e.xpert.s) cummands an imposing view. We cross the Isar 
to the E. of Mittenwald and follow the club-path through wood to the 
('2 hrs.) Karwendel-nutte (lySO"; no accommodation), whence a rocky path 
(wire-rope) ascends to the ('2'/2hrs.) summit. A descent (red marks) leads 
through the Kirchlekar to (5 hrs.) Scha-nitz in the Karwendel-Tal (p. 62); 
another (blue marks; difiicult) through the Dammkar to the Untere Kdlber 
Alp. — The ascent of the Wbmer (S125') should not be attempted except 
by experts (5V2-li hrs., with guide, 12 J(). The route (marked club-path) 
a^ceuds, chiefly th.-o:igh wood via the Uu'ere and obere Kdlber Alp, to the 
(2V2-3 hrs.) Ilochland-HutU (5350'; no rfmts., 8 uiattrejses), whence a rather 
difficult climb over tiie Wornergriit brings us to (3 hr«.) the Wiirnerspilze, 
cojnmauding a very fine view. Another accent leads from the Larchet Alp 
in the Karwen^iel-Tal (p. 62) through the Grosslar (4V.' hrs., fatiguing). — 
The accents of the /fochkfcrspit:e (8145') and Tiifkarfpil-e (7770') are more 
difficult (guide ISA', f^r each). — *Sch6ttelkarspitze (6720'; 5'/-.: hrs.; for 
alopts, with 'i,uiJe, G Jl). From the Siinsbach valley fsee above) we ascend 
the Latifgraben to (.4 hrs.) the saddle at the Feldenikreuz, nnd thence lo 
(IV2 hr.) the summit (descent to the Soiern Lakes, see p. 63). — Grosse 
Arnspitze (7210'; 4 hrs.: guide 12 A'., not indispensable). Club-path from 
Mittenwald via the Riedschart>'. (very interesting; magnificent view); fati- 
guing descent to Scharnitz or Leutaich. 

From Mittenwald to Walchensee and Kochel, motor-omnibus four times 
daily, see p. 64. 

Beyond Mittenwald the road (motor-car to Scharnitz, 70 pf, ; 
railway under construction) crosses the Isar (Leutasch-Klamm, see 
p. 60) and traverses the level bottom of the valley as far as the 
(15 M.) Defile of Scharnitz (8110' ), the boundary between Bavaria 
and Tyrol. (Walkers should follow the cart-track on the left bank 
of the Isar as far as Scharnitz.) During the Thirty Years' War 
Claudia de' Medici, widow of Archduke Leopold V., constructed 
here the strongly fortified Porta Claudia, which resisted the attacks 
both of the French and the Swedes. In 1805 it fell into the hands 
of the French (13,000 under Ney -against (300 Austrians), and was 
destroyed by tliem aad the Bavarians; extensive remains are still 
extant on the hillside beyond the Isar. The defenders were roni- 

62 I. R.IL— Map, p. 46. SCH ARNITZ. From Partenkirchm 

mauded by Baron Swinburne, an English officer in the Austrian 
service and a member of the same family as the poet. — Beyond 
the adjacent village of — 

I6V2 M. Scharnitz (^3150'; Adler, 45 beds at 1-4, pens, b-7 K.; 
Traube, 34 beds at 60-1 K. 60 /i.,- Neuwirt), with 570 inhab., on 
the E., is the mouth of the united Hinterau and Karwendel Valleys. 
To the left rises the Hohe Gleiersch (p. 63). 

ExccKSiONs (guide, Joh. Ragg). Fine views may be obtained from the 
Kalvarienberg, on the left bauk of the Isar (74 hr.), and from the Fitchler 
Pavilion^ on the right bank P^ hr.). — "ReiifMspitze (p. 63), not difllcult 
(5 hrs. ; guide 10 A'.). At kilometre-stone 15.6 we diverge to the left from 
the Seefeld road and enter the Qiesenbach-Tal; we then cross the Ursprung- 
Scharle (6835') on the right, and follow the marked path to the (4'/^ hr.s.) 
Nordlinger Hiitte. 

Through the Karwendel- Tal to (S hrs.) llinter-Riss, carriage-road 
(guide, not required, 15 A'.). The road ascends in a wide curve (short-cuts 
marked in red) via the Birzel to (2 hrs.) the Larchet Alp (3776'-, accom- 
modation at the hunting-lodge except in the shooting-season) and (1 hr.) 
the Auger Alp (4270': accomodation in autumn and early summer), with a 
hunting-lodge of the Duke of Coburg. It then ascends in windings and 
before reaching the Hochalm (5540') mounts to the right to the (IV2 hr.) 
Karwendel-Haus (5875'; /«n, 4S beds and 48 mattresses ; guides, Jos. Blievi 
and Alois Aeurauler). This is the starting-point for the moderately difficult 
ascents (club-path) of the Birkkarspilze (9 ^40 ), tlie highest peak of the Kar- 
wendel group, reached through the Schlmtchkar and over the Schluuchkur- 
fiattel in 31/2 hrs. (guide from Scharnitz 22 A'); the Vogelkavspitze i^'Mi' \ 
2V2-3hrs.; guide 2U A'.); th« E. Kurwendtlspitze (8330'; 3 hrs.; guide 20 if.); 
the Oedkavspilze (9015'; 3'/2-4 hr.s.; guide ISA".), etc. — Thence we ascend 
to C/j hr.) the Hochalm -Saltel (5920'), which atlords a line view of the 
jagged limestone rocks of the Hinterau range, and descend through wood 
(foot-path shorter) to the (IV4 hr.) Kleine Ahornhoden (p. 72) and then through 
the Johannes-Tal (p. 72) to (2 hrs.) i/Zz/Yer-Zifss (p. 72j. — A very attractive 
walk (comp. p. 72; guide 25 A".) may be taken from the Ahornboden via 
the iMdi: Alp, the f<pielisl-Joch, and the Huhl-Joch, to (ca. 4'/^ hrs.) the 
/■-'«(/ and tliciice via Gramiuai to (5 hrs.) Pertisau (p. 79). 

Hinterau-Tal (to Hall, 9 hr.i. ; guide 15, to the Haller Anger-llaus 8 A'.; 
c-.irr. to the Kasten 12 A', and 2 A', to the driver). The road ascends along 
the right bank of the Isar. past the Schonic ieshvf and (3 M.) the mouth of 
the (ileiersch-'I'al (see p. 63). 6 M. tlei den Fliisseii, three brooks descend- 
ing from the Birkkar on the left ; 1 M. the hunting-lodge /;;* Kaxlen (.4075'), 
in grand environ.?. From this jioint we follo»v the red marks to the right 
to the Knxlen Alp, cross the stream, and ascend the Lufatscher - Tal past 
the La/atscfier Alp and the Kohhr Alp to the (I72 hr.) Haller Anger-Haus 
(5723'; //(«, 26 beds and 14 mattresses; guide, Alois Riiech). This club-hut 
is the starting-{>uint for the ascents of the Suntiger (7380'; I'a hr.. guide 

4 A"., easyj ; tue Gainskarlspitze (8325'; 2V2 hrs., guide 6 A., ensy); the 
" Speckkarspitze (S605'; via the Lafatscher .loch in 3 hrs., guide 6 A'., not 
difficult); the KUine Lafatsclier (8285'; 3V2 hrs.; guide 6 A".), via tlie Lalat- 
.scher-Jocii, and the *Grosse Lafatscher (8865'; 4 hrs,; guide 8 A'.; both 
tryine): the Bintere Buchofenspitze (8770*), via the Lafatscher Joch in 5 hrs., 
guide lO A^, difiicult; the 'Grosse Bettelwurf spitz e (8940'; via the Lafatscher 
Joch in 4Vi>-5 hrs., guide 10 A"., t) Hall 15A'., not difficult for experts). 
Longer and more difiicult ascents, for experts only : Grubenkarspitze &l^ii'), 
from tlie (2 hrs.) Loch-nutte in the Voraper Tal (p! 222j by the Grubeukar in 

5 hrs. (guide 14 A'.); Ilochkunzel (8410'; 5 hrs.; guide 8 A'.) ; Spritzkarspitze 
(85.-5U'; 7 hrs.; guide 17 A".); EiskarUpitze (8610'; 8 hrs.; guide 20 A'., with 
descent to the Eng 30 A".); Kaltwasserkarspitze (8970'; 7 hrs.; guide 18 A"., 
to Hinter-Ei-ifl 30 A'.) ; Sonnenspitzeu (8705' and 8775'; 7-S hrs.; guide 16, 
both peaks 18 A^.). — From the Haller Anger-Haus over the Ueberschall 
juto the Vomper-Tal (to Schwa/. 8 hrs. with guide, for experts only), see 

to Zirl. SEEFELD. Map, p. 46. — I.R.ll. 63 

p. 222. — From the Kohler Alp or the Haller Anger-Haus a good path 
aflcends throagh the Lafattcherkar to the (l^/* br.) Lafatscher Joch (6^0'), 
which commands a magnificent view. Hence we may ascend to the left 
to the Speckkarspitze or to the Bettelwurf-Hiitte (p. 225), or to the rijjht 
to the Kleine and Grosse Lafatscher (see above). Straight on a good hridle- 
paih descends to the Iss-Anger and ihe (I'/v hr.) Haller Salzberg tp. 224). 

A cart-road leads through the Gleiersch-Tal, diverging to the right 
from the Hinterau-Tal road (p. 62) about 3 M. from Scharnitz, crossing the 
Isar, and ascending the bank of the Gleierschbach to the (6 M.) Amtisdge 
(3915'; accommodation at the forester's; 7 beds), in a wild and grand 
situation at the foot of the Eohe Gleiersch (SlSt/; ascent in 4 hrs., with 
guide, not difficult for experts; splendid view). — An interesting pass leads 
hence to Zirl (6 hrs ; guide from Scharnitz 12 K.. including ascent of the 
Solstein 20 K.). The path ascends on the bank of the Christeiibach to the 
S. to the (';2 hr.) Zirler Christen Alp (4450*) and the (l';-.- hr.) Erl-Sattel 
(5920'), with the Erl Alp, whence the Erlspitze (7895')^ to the right, may 
he ascended in 2- 2'/-.: hrs. , and the Orosse Solstein (b340'), to the left, 
in 21/2-3 hrs. (comp. p. 814). It then descends to the Soln Alp and leads 
high up on the right side of the Ehnbach-Tal to (3 hrs ) Zirl (p 314). — In 
the E. prolongation of the Gleiersch-Tal (called the Samer-Tal) a bridle- 
path leads from the .^mtssage via the Samer Alp (4935') and (2 hrs.) the 
Ffei* Alp (6390') to the (1 hr.) Stempel-Joch (7275'), whence it descends 
steeply over debris to the Iss-Anger and the (IV2 hr.) Haller Berghaus 
(p. 224; guide to Hall 15£'., from Mittenwald 14.*). — Other passes (mark- 
ed, but guides advisable) lead from the Amtssage through the Hippen- 
Tal and across the Frau-Hitt- Battel (7330'), and from the Pfeis Alp via the 
ArzUr-Scharte t7095') to Innsbruck (guide 15 K. each). Both, though fati- 
guing, are interesting ; the former better in the reverse direction (see p. 257). 

The road quits the Isar and asceiids(generally through wood) to — 

211/2 M. Seefeld (3870'; *Post, 120 beds at 1-2, pens. 5-8 K. ,- 
Lamm; Klosterbrdu; Stem, prettily situated by the forest, pens. 
51/2-6 ^j ^^^^ spoken of), with 470 inhab. and a Gothic church of 
the end of the 15th cent., frequented as a summer- resort. 

ExcuKSio.NS. The -Reitherspitze (7790') is ascended in 3'/2 hrs. from 
Keith (guide 8 A'., not indispensable for adepts; path marked); from See- 
feld the ascent is steeper, longer, aud less interesting. The summit aflords 
an admirable view. About ^,2 hr. below the top is the Aordlinger Hiitte 
(7175'; Inn. '2 beds and 6 mattre.'^ses). Descent to Scharnitz, see p. 62. — 
The Seefelder Spitze (7250': 3 hrs.) is oasv and repaying. — From Seefeld 
to the Leutasch - Tal , see p. 60; to Telf's (p. 314) via Mosern (3950'; Inn 
zum Inntal), with a splendid view of the valley of the Inn and the 8cll- 
rain peaks, marked path in 3 hrs. (guide 4 A'., not indispensable). 

The road leads past the small and marshy Wildsee (tine retro- 
spect of the Wetterstein-Gebirge) and the village of Auland (inn) 
to (24 M.) lieitli (3710'; Inn zur Schonen Aussicht, 33 beds at 
1.25-2, pens. 5-6 K., good; Weisses Rossi; ascent of the Reither- 
spitze, see above), beyond which it desi-ends rapidly, via Leiten 
(Hirsch), in wide curves, affording magnificent views of the Inntal 
and the mountains to the S. of the Inn (Alps of Sellrain and Stubai ). 
On the last height above the road is the ruin of Fragenstein (2525'). 
(Those subject to giddiness should avoid the 'Schlossbergsteig', a 
path leading close by the castl^ and cutting off the last curve of 
the road.) 

28 V2 M. Zirl (2040'), and thence across the Inn to (29 M.) the 
railway -station, see p. 314 (to Innsbruck 9^2 M., by railway or 
motor-car in i/o hr.). 


12. From Munich to Mittenwald via Kochel. 

a. Isartal Bailway from Munich to Kochel. 
From Munich to (36>/2 M.) Kochel^ Railway ( Isartalbafin) in 2-2V2 hrs. 
(tares G Jt ^, '5 Jl SO. IJf 60 pf.). From Kochel to Mittenwald via Walchensee, 
2'JV".iM , Motor Car Service 5-7 times daily in summer in 2 hrs.; motor-car 
couneclions for Scharnitz and for Oannisch-Partenkircfien, see p. 59 — Motor 
Cars twioe daily from Kochel to Teiin-nsee vis. Bad Tolz and to Oher-Ammergan 
via Mittenwald and Uarmisch-Parteukirchen, see p. G8. 

The trains start from the Isartal Station (^restaurant: tramway, 
p. 7). — IV2 -^r- Thalkirchen (1855'; Deutsche Eiche^ with garden), 
a suburb of Munich with a hydropathic (pens. 7-11 ^). Beyond 
(2^2 M.) Maria- Einsiedel (Forster's Restaurant) the line ascends 
to ("3 M.) Prm;- Lwdiu<V5-//o7ie (restaurant), with many country- 
lioust'S, in wooded environs, and crosses tlie state-railway. — 'd^/^M. 
Grosshesselohe (1870'); foot-path in 8min. to the state-railway- 
station (p. G8). Farther on we traverse wood and pass the chateau 
of Schwaneck. 

4'/2 M. Pallach (1905'; Rahenwirt, 20 beds at2V2-4, pens. 4V2- 
6 Jf, Bilrt^erbrda-.Terrassen Restaurant, both with views), charmingly 
situated on the high left bank of the Isar. On the Isar, 8 min. 
below, is tlie Bad Pallach (hydropathic). — From (6 M.) UoUriegels- 
yreut-Urilnwald (i9bb' -^ Restaurant Forsthaus) a road descends to 
the HoUriegelsgreut Reslaurant. — 8^/4 M, Baierbrunn (2035'; Post ; 
10 mill, to the N. is the Hotel Konradshbhe, with charming view, 
17 beds at I-IV2 JO- — 10»/2 M. Hohenschaftlarn (2145'; Rail. 
Restaurant), a high-lying village to the right (Post; Reindl). 

At (IIV2 M.) Ebenhausen-Schaftlarn (2170'; *Post, 40 beds; 
*])r. Hauffe's Sanatorium, 48 beds, pens., including medical atten- 
dance, 9-17 J^ ) the railway reaches its highest point. About 20 min. 
to the N.W., above Zell (2250'; Zur Schonen Aussicht), on the 
Roschenauer Hohe (2295'), is the *Kuranstalt Ebenhausen, with a 
large park, recreation-grounds, etc. (open all the year round; pens, 
with medical attendance from 10 J/). Splendid view of the Alps 
from the Wendelstein to the Zugspitze. 

Hence we may descend through wood (tobogganing in winter) in V< ''J"- 
(or from Iluhenschjiftlarn in 20 min.) to the convent of Sch&ftlarn (1830'; 
inn, 25 beds), a Benedictine priory with a school and a church elaborately 
adorned in the rococo style. Picturesque paths lead hence to Baierl)runn 
(lV2hr.), Icking (1 hr.), and other points. — From Ebenhausen a marked 
path leads to (^Vzhrs.) Schloss Berg, on the Lake of Starnberg (p. 15). 

Farther on we enjoy a flue view of the Isar valley and the moun- 
tains. F'rom (131/2 M.) Icking (2135' ; inn) a road leads in 1/2 ^"^^ 
to the Schune Aussicht Inn, above Walchstadt, with a lofty belvedere 
(10 pf.) and extensive view. — The line descends through deep 
cuttings and along the slope of the Schletterleiten, affording a good 
survey of the wide valley of the Isar, with its grey sandy and gravelly 

PENZBERG. 1. Route r2. 65 

islets, and the confluence of the Loisach and the Isar. We cross the 
Loisach and reach the station of — 

iG'/o M. Wolfratshausen (1890'; Rail. Restaurant, with rooms), 
1/2 M. from the prettily-situated village (1973 iuhab.; *H6t. Reisert 
stir Kronmiihle, 40 beds at 1V2--5 P^ns. i^l^-b Jf ; Haderbrdu ; 
Humplhrdu; Neue Post; Alte Post; Bruckenwirt; Bemrkder Hof). 
Above, on the Kalvarienberg, are shady walks affording delightful 

The Lake of Sfamberg may be reached hence by pleasant ronles via 
Afiiniiiig (inn) to (2 hrs.) Ammerland (p. 16); via Dor/en, Bdhenrain, Auf- 
havsev, and Aufkirehen to ('2V-jhrf.) Scflost Berg or Ltoni ; or direct from 
tlK- Kalvarienberg via Bvchtee to tlie (2 hrs.) Botimannthdhe (p. ii'). 

The railway crosses the winding Loisach to (18 M.) Degerndorf 
(r.rurkmaiers Restaurant) and follows the left bank via (19 M.)-BoZs- 
wang (1900'). The (i o hr.) Bohiranger Hohe ('2365') and (V2 J»r. 
farther) the Degerndorfer Hoht ('2350') command fine views. — 
20^2 M. Eurasburg (1920' ; Post) possesses a chateau on a wooded 
eminence (1/4 hr.), near which is a beer garden (view). — At the 
prettily situated village of (23 M.) Beuerberg (2015'; Post) is a 
conventual school for eirls. 

A road leads hence to the W. to St. Heinricft and (6 M.) Setshaupt 
(p. It;)- To the >^. of the road, about 3 M. from Beuerberg (via Buck and 
Maierwald). are ihe view-points of Hohenleiten (2180'-, restaurant and baths) 
and Oedbaner (p. lH). An attractive path lead^ from Hobenleiten to (■2V2 hrs.) 

Farther on we ascend the wooded left bank of the Loisach, 
but cross to the right bank near (2H M.) FUtzen. The mountains 
(Benediktenwand, Jochberg, Herzogstand, Heimgarten) approach 
nearer to the line. Beyond a swampy district we reach (30 M.) 
Bud Heilbrunn | Rail. Restaurant), whence an omnibus (30 pf.) plies 
to the baths of that name, IV4 M. to the E. (p. 70). At (311/2 M. ) 
Bichl (p. tJO) the Isartal railway unites with the state-line. Thence 
via Benediktbeuern to (36V2 ^0 Kochel, see p. G6. 

b. From Munich to Eochel and Mitteuwald vik Tutzing. 

Railway to (46V2 M.) Kochel in 21/4 hrs. (fares 6 UT 40, 3 ^ 80 pf.). — 
Motor Car from Kocliel to Mittenwald, see p. 64: to Tolz, see p. 68. 

From Munich to (25 M.) Tutzing, see p. 17. The railway skirts 
the Starnberger See. 281/2 ^^- Bernried (Schwaigers Restaurant, at 
the station); 31^/2 M- Seeshaupt (p. 16), both on the lake, ^U M. from 
the railway. Farther on the country is uninteresting. Un the right 
lies the pretty Ostersee (Inn 'Zur Lauterbacher Miihle", 3 M, from 
Seeshaupt). — 351/2 M. Staltach (brewery), with peat-cuttings. 

From Staltach to Mcbnac (4 hrs.). This pleasant route leads by 
Iffeldorf and Antorf in (2 hrs.) Habaeh (inn; view from the WeAIherg); then 
(way-marks indistinct) over the (t/2 hr.) Aidlinger Hohe (^2620'), which 
affords a beautiful view of the Wetterstein and the Karwendel. to Aidling, 
and finally past the marshy Rieysee (on the right) to (V/n hr.) Muynau (p. 47). 

381/2 M, Neu-Penzberg, station for Penzberg (1980'; Bernrieder 
Hof), a village with 2800 inhab. and coal-mines. — At (40</2 M.) 

Baboekrb's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 5 

66 I. R.12.—Map,p.68. KOCHEL. Fmm Munich 

Srhonmuhle (inn") the lino crosses the Loisarh. — 41 '/'2 M. Bichl 
(2040'; Lowe ; Oriiner Hut, with garden), the junction for the Isartal 
railway (see p. 65); motor-car to Bad Tolz, see p. 70. 

42 M. Benediktbeuern ('2026'; Zur Benediktenwand ; Post; 
h'losterschcinke; Rail. Restauranf), with a once wealthy and cele- 
brated monastery, founded in 740 and consecrated by St. Boniface, 
now containing a home for veteran soldiers and a stud. 

The 'Benediktenwand (SOlC) is ascended hence via the Kohlstatt Alp 
and the finely situated Tutiinger Hiitte (4355'; Inn. 17 beds, 16 mattresses ^ 
Streidl, the keeper of the hut, acts as guide) in 4-472 l^rs. (way-uiarks; jjuide, 
8 .//, not indispensable for adepts). The route is steep at tbe end; at the 
top are a cross and a shelter -but. Magnificent view as far as the Gross- 
Glockner and Venediger ; to the N. the Bavarian plain and six lakes. — From 
Kochel (see below) to the top of the Benediktenwand via tbe Mair Alp and 
Stuff el Alp. 4'/2 hrs. (with guide). — From Lenggries, see p. 70. 

Beyond Benediktbeuern the railway skirts an extensive marsh 
and the RohrKce (now dried up). 

46'/2 ^- Kochel. — Hotels. 'Prinz Ludwig, with garden, 70 beds 
at V/i-2^/j, pens. ^y-^-G Jf ; Stoger's Station Hotel & Restaurant, 32 beds 
at 1-13/4 ^4i ; Post, 50 beds at 1-2 J(, pood; Zum Schmied von Kochel, 
R. l-iVz »^, plain but good; Pension Villa Dr. Diessl. — *Kurhotel Bai> 
KooHEL, 10 min. from tbe station, with chalybeate springs and a large park 
on the lake, 80 beds at 1V2-4, pens. 4'/2-10 J(. Farther along the lake are 
tbe Seehof and Grader Bar (see below). 

Motor Launch on the Kochelsee 12 times daily in summer from Bad 
Kocbel to the Grauer Bar, Kesselberg, Jocb, Raut, and Schlebdorf (35 min. ; 
50 pf.). 

Kochel (1980 ft.), a village with 1200 inhab., is separated from 
tlie lake by a hill. A bronze statue, by Kaindl, of Balthasar Maier, 
the 'Blacksmith of Kochel', the leader of the peasants in the in- 
surrection of 1705, was erected here in 1900. — The picturesque 
Kochelsee (1970'), 3^/4 M. long and 27-2 M. broad, is fed by the 
Loisach, and is bounded on the S. by the Jochberg, Herzogstand, and 
lleinifrarten. There is a line new promenade along the lake, 10 min. 
from Kochel. The pavilion near Bad Kochel affords a good view. 

At the K.W. end of the lake (3M.; omnibus in V2 It. ; motor launch, 
See above) lies flie pleasant village of Schlebdorf (Inn zum Herzogenstand ; 
Heimgai'ten). The Herzogttand (p. 67) may be ascended hence in 3'/2 brs. 
by a club-path. A fine view is afforded by the Weilberg (3215'; good ac- 
cninmoilalion at the forester's), which may be ascended from Schlebdorf 
via Kleinweil in V/-, hr., or from Penzberg (p. 65) via Lindelsdorf in 21/2 brs. 
— One-horse carriage from Schlebdorf to O^-i M.) Ohlstadt (p. 47) 6, two- 
horse 10 Jf, to Murnau 8 and 12 Jt. 

The Road to Mittenwalu (motor-omnibus see p. 65), leaving 
Bad Kochel ( see above) on the right, reaches the lake near (48 M.) the 
*U6tel AmSee (70 beds at lV'2-3, pens. 5-8 Jl\ pretty grounds and 
lake-baths) and skirts it, passing the *Hotel zum Grauen Biiren (85 
beds at 1 V2-3, pens. 5-7 ^; lake-baths), to the (48V2 M.) Kesselberg 
Inn (1/2 >1. to the S.W. is the *Alt-Joch Inn, prettily situated on the 
verge of the wood). The fine Kesselherg Road, constructed in 
1893-97, then ascends in easy windings to the (51 V2 M.) pass of the 
Kesselberg (2825'). To the right of the old road (shorter but steep ; 
tobogganing in winter) are the falls of the Kesselbach, along which 

to MHUnwald. WALCHENSEE. Map,p.68. — 1. R.12. 67 

a path ascends. From the culniiiiating point, where the bridle- path 
to the Herzogstand diverges to the right ( see below), we obtain a view 
of the Karwendel and Wetterstein ranges in the distance, and, below 
us, of the beautiful, deep-blue *Walchen8ee (^'2630'), 41/4 M. long 
and 3 M. broad, surrounded by forests and mountains, the finest of 
the Bavarian lakes after the Konigs-See. At (521/0 M.) the N. end 
are the houses of Urfeld ( Post or Jager am See, 120 beds at 1^2-272) 
pens. 1-8 Jf ; Fischt-r am See, 120 beds at l'/-2-272> pens, from 6 J^ ; 
both good), in a charming situation. 

ExcuEsioNS. — The ~Herzogstand (5680'j, a remarkably fine point of 
view, is ascended hence in 2Va-3 hrs. (guide unnecessary; horse 10 small 
one- seat vehicle as far as the hut i2 j/). From Urfeld a footpath ascends 
to the left, skirting the fence, to (1/4 hr.) the bridle-path from the Keaselberg 
Pass (see p. bG). In '/4 hr. more a pavilion, commanding a view of the 
Walchensee, is reached. On the opposite side of the path is a bench affording 
a survey of the Rochelsee and the plain. The path thence ascends in easy 
windings ; in Vz hp. we see to the right the Schlehdor/er Alpl, where the 
path from Schlehdorf issues (see p. 66), and in •/•.' br. more we reach the 
Herzdgstand Alp, at the foot of a large ravine descending from the summit. 
On the saddle, 1/2 br. farther ou, are the Ilerzogsland-JIavser (bllQf), belong- 
ing to the G. A. C. (=lnn with 76 beds at 2-3 J(, and 28 mattresses). Beyond 
the inn the path is nearly level to the foot of the highest peak, which 
is attained by zigzags in V2 hr. more. On the summit is a pavilion. Ad- 
mirable 'View of the mountains as far as the Oeztal glaciers, and of the 
plain with its numerous lakes (panorama 70 or 25 pf.). The Farrenherg- 
ito/>/ (5340* ; to min. from the Herzogstand-Hauser) commands a view of the 
central part of the lake, which is not visible from the top. The Martinskopf 
(5190'; '20 min.) is another good view-point. — A narrow arete, protected by 
a wire-rope at one point, but not advisable for persons subject to giddiness, 
connects the Herzogstand with the (IV4 hr.) Heimgarten (5876'), to the W., 
from which we may descend (with guide) to Sihle/idorf (^p. G6), to Ohlsludl 
(p. 47), or to Walchermee. — From the Ilerzogstand-Iliiuser a narrow path 
to the right, affording at first a view cf the Walchensee, and then leading 
through wood, descends to the hamlet of Walchensee in 2 hrs. 

'Jochberg (5140', from Urfeld 2'/2 brs. ; guide not indispensable). From 
the Kesselberg (p. 66) we ascend to the E. to the (I'/z-S hrs.) Jocher Alp 
(4490* •, plain accommodation) and the ('/v hr.) summit, which commands 
a beautiful view. Descent via the Koth Alp and Mair Alp to (2'/^ hrs., with 
guide) Kochel, si-e p. 66. — A marked path ascending to the right below 
the Koth Alp leads via the Kochler Alp and /^(afl'd Alp (rfmts.) and along the 
Rubeukop/ and the Glaswand to the Glaswand-Schnrte^ then in zigzags to the 
arete and, joining the 'Beiiediktbeurer Weg\ to lhe(i hrs.) .--umuiit of the 
/ienediktentcrind (p. 66). 

From Urfeld to Jeichenau and Tiih see p. Tl. 

The Mittenwald road skirts the W. bank of the lake to ( 3 M.) the 
hamlet of Walchensee. It is preferable, however, to cross the lake 
by boat to (IV2 ^ir-) Obernach (fares for 1, 2, 3, or 4 pers. 1^/o J/, 
31/2 -^, 4 Jf 80, 5 J/ 30 pf.). From the middle of the lake a fine 
view is enjoyed. 

r)5V2 M. Walchensee (2645'; *Post, 130 beds at 1 V2-2V2, pens. 
6-7 Jf), a hamlet charmingly situated on a bay of the lake, on the 
opposite bank of which are the school and parsonage of the Klosterl^ 
is surrounded with woods. Several new villas, where R. & B. may 
be obtained. 

Carriage from Walchensee to Wallgau 6, with two horses d J(; to 
Kochel, Kriin, and Jachenau 8 and 11, to Mittenwald 11 and 16, to Parten- 

68 /. R. 1-2. — Map, p. 4(i. K RUN. 

kirchen 15 and 12 Jl. — On tbe S. hank of the lake are the housfls of Alllach, 
whence a bridle-path ascends the Iloclikopf (J^'ilb' \ I'/vj hr. ; descent to Vorder- 
Riss, see p. 72). Near the E. bank lies the wooded islet of Saasau (private 

The road skirts the bay of Walchensee, ascends the ridge of the 
Katzenkopf (2775'), and again descends to the (57 M.) EinsiedL Inn 
(2640'; 64 beds at 2-3, pens. 6-8 .//, well spoken of), near the for- 
ester's house of Obernach^ at the S. end of the lake (passage by boat, 
see above). To the left is the road leading along the S. bank to 
Niedernach (p. 71), and to the right the path to Eschenlohe (p. 47). 
We now gradually ascend the pine -clad valley of the Obernach. To 
the right lies the small Schrnalzer See. At (61 M.) Wallgau (2850'; 
Post, kept by Neuner, good; hartal, well spoken of), the broad 
valley of the Isar is reached (to Vorder-Riss and Tolz, see p. 73). 

621/2 M. Krun (2870'; Post, well spoken of, Zur Schottlkarspitze, 
both plain) is a village with 250 inhabitants. 

I-'rom kriin a road leads to the W., past the picturesquely situated 
Barmsee (290.7), to (2'/4 M.) Klais, on tlie hij^jhroad from Mittenwald to 
I'artenkirchen (p. 59). — The 'Schottelkarspitze (6720') may be ascended 
Irom Kriin in 5-6 hrs. (guide not indisppn.«able). The road crosses the Isar 
lieside the forester's lodge, then ascends to the left, past a royal shooting- 
lodge, to (2 hrs.) the Fischbach Alp (4605*5 plain rfmt^.). Thence we descend 
into the Fischbach -Tal and ascend again, by the path coming from Vorder- 
lliss (p. 72), to the ri-ht to l2V2 hrs.) the Royal Shooting Box (5290'), over- 
looking the two Soiern Lakes (5120'), which are magnificently situated. Or 
those with steady heads may follow the Lakaien-Hteig, which leads from 
the Fischbach Alp round the Fischbach-Tal to (l'/2 h'"-) the royal shooting- 
bo.x. Thence a good path ascends to the (IV4 hr.) top of tbe SchoUelkar.^pitze^ 
with the remains of a shooting-box, which commands a Hue view. — For 
ihe h'rultenkopf (QSif)'), ascended in 6 hrs. from Kriin via the Rindberg 
and th<' Locltlal Alp, see p. 52. 

To the S. rises the precipitous Karwendel-Qebirye, to the S.W. 
the Wetterstein-Gebirge. Opposite the (65 M.) mouth of the Seinsbarh 
ue iTosa the Isar twice. Then past the Huasel-Muhle ( p. 01) to — 

07 M. Mittenwald (p. 59). 

13. From Munich to Bad Tolz and Mittenwald. 

72 M. Railway to (36 M.) Bad Tolz in IV2-2V4 br.s. (4 Jf 50, 2 .^ 90, 
1 Ji 85pf.). MotokCar from Tolz to (6 M.) Lenggriex, biime^ dailv in 50min. ; 
to (14 M.) Kochel, 4-6 times daily in IV4 hr. ; to (13 M.) Tegernsee, 3-5 times 
daily in 1 hr. 10 niiu. Diligence from Lenggries to (12 M.) Jachenau daily 
in 21/2 hrs. ; tu (15 M ) Vorder-Riss daily in 3'/? hrs.. and thence to (772 M.) 
Hinler-Ritt in 2 hrs. 

Munich, see p. 4. — Quitting the central station the train soon 
turns towards the S. — 3 1/2 M. Mittersendling (1790'). Beyond 
(7 M.) Grosshesselohe (1835'; p. 64) the Isar is crossed by a hand- 
some iron bridge. Then through wood. 11 M. Deisenhofen; 16 M. 
Sauerlach (2030'). — Beyond (201/2 M.) Otierfing the Teufels- 
graben ('devil's dyke'), a deep, dry hollow, is crossed. — 221/2 M. 
Holzkirchen (2240'; *Oberbrau, 40 beds at 11/4-8 Jt ; Rail. Restau- 
rant), the junction of the lines to Rosenheim (p. 85) and Schliersee 

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TOLZ. Map,p.68.~ I. R. 13. 69 

(_p. 80). — 26 M. Ober- Warngau (2345'; marked path to the left to 
the Taubenberg in 1 hr., see p. 81 ). — 29 M. Schaftlach (2485'; 
Post; Rail. Restaurant; to Tegernsee, see p. 73). — 32' 2 M. Reichers- 
beuem (2360'), with a handsome chateau. 

36 M. Bad Tolz. — Hotels. At Tdl: : Kolbebbrad , with garden- 
restaurant \ Klasimerbkad \, Bkuckbrad, with garden ; Zantl, etc. ; Bellevuk* 
at the station, with view, R. i'^li-IJl. At Krankenheil: •Kukuotkl & Kur- 
HAUS, open Ui May -1st Oct., 12U beds at 2-8, board b Jl ; *Kais£RHOk, 
lstMay-15th Oct., 105 beds from 2> 2, pens, from 6V2UK; Hotel Sedlmaier, 
120 beds at 2-o. pens. G'/rS Jif; 'Gebmaxia, 45 beds at IV2-2, pens. 51/2 (3 Uif- 

— Pensions. Kur «£• Badhaus, 40 beds, pens. 5-6i;-.. jl ; iSpenger, 6-8 J( ; 
Emilia, 5-7 Jt ; Thorstein, 7-8 J( ; Otto. 6-71/2 Ji ; Maria; Gaissacher ffavs, etc. 

— Railway Restaurant. — Wine at Schwaighofer^s., in the market-place. — 
Post d- Telegraph Office, Bahnhof-Str. — Visitors'' Tax (10th May-lOth Sept.) 
for more than a week's stay, 1 pers. 10, 2 pers. 15, 3 or more pers. 18 Jl. — 
Inquiry Office, Ludwig-Str. '2. 

Bad Tolz (216o'), a town with 6000 inhab., prettily situated on 
the Isar, consists of the old town on the right bank and the water- 
ing-place of Krankenheil (see below) on the left bank. Many of 
the houses are frescoed with Biblical subjects. The War Monument 
for 1870-71, in the Markt-Strasse, bears a bronze statue of the im- 
perial general, Kasper Winzerer, of Tolz (d. 1642), whose tomb is 
in the handsome Parish Church (15th ceot. ; restored in 1906). The 
local Historical Museum (adm. Mon., Wed., & Frid. 4-6, 20 pf. ; at 
other times 50 pf.) is worth visiting. — The (' ^hr.j *Kaloarienbery 
(2320'; mountain-indicator) commands a fine survey of the Isar-Tal : 
in the back-ground, to the S.W., the long Benediktenwand (p. 66) 
and the cone of the Kirchstein (p. 70), to the S. the Juifen (p. 77). 
At the base is the Isarlusl Re-<taurant (ferry) and just below the 
bridge is the *Restaurant k'olbergarten (with bed-rooms). On the left 
bank of the Isar, '20 miii. from the station (omn. 20 pf.) is Bad Tolz 
proper or Keankenhbil, with a Kur-Oarten, Konver sat ions- Haw, 
covered Promenade, and Bath House (bath 2-3V2 •^)- 1'he water is 
conducted in leaden pipes from the springs, 4 M. distant, on the 
S.W. slope of the Blomberg, and contains natron and iodine. About 
1 M. from the Isar bridge is the ZoUhaus (Inn, with baths), on a hill 
a little short of which is the Alpenhaus aufdem Kogel (Inn, 15 beds 
at 1-2, pens. 5-8 Jif). The banks of the Isar, close to the town, are 
laid out with extensive woods and promenades. 

Excursions (paths all indicated by marks; guide, Michael Flotsmann). 
To (3/4 hr.) Gaisach (2i30'; Pens. Villa Diana, pens. l^^l>M; Jagerwirt), with 
fine view from the Lange Bank, by the S. wall of the cemetery; by the 
Lenggries road (left bank) via Arzbuch to the (li/4hr.) Schweizer (inn), with 
line view; by (3 4 hr.) Wackersberg (M50'; Ncuwirt; Altwirt) and the Baunhof 
(on the right the Pest-Kapelle), in the vallev of the Steinhach, to (2/4 hr.') 
the Waldherrn Alp (2790"; rfmts.). — Beyond the (1 M.) ZoUhaus (sec above) 
to the left, before the first bridge, via the (20 min.) Sauersberg and the 
(V4 hr.) Sudhaus (rfmts.), to (8 min.) the Krankenheil Springs (26400, and 
thence to (i>/4 hr.) the top of the Blomberg (41C0'), on which is the Blom- 
berghaus ('Inn, open all the year rtund, 18 beds) and whence we have a 
charmii;g view. The shortest route from Tolz follows the Bichl road and, 
at the (2'/2 M.) log-hut (station of the mot.jr-umnibus, see p. 70j, ascends 
a winding path to the left to the (I'/i hr.) summit (goud toboggan-run in 

70 /. R, 13.- Map, p. 68. LENGliRlES. From Munich 

winter). — From the Blomberg two paths lead to the 'Zwiesel (4426'), one 
direct in 35 min., the other diverging to the k-ft to (.26 min.) the Schnaitacher 
Alp^ about 10 luin. from the summit, on which there is a shelter -hut. 
Extensive view. The descent may be made from the Schnaitacher Alp at 
a somewhat steep angle, crossing several grassy expanses, to a footi>ath, 
which leads to the left through wood and descends through the valley of 
the Steinbach to the (1 hr.) Waldhcrrn Alp and past the Pest-Kapclle (on 
the left) to (Vi hr.) Wackcrsberg (p. 69). Thence either direct to (»/4 hr.) 
Tolz, or via the Dachshohle to the (40 min.) ZoUhaus, Or we may descend 
direct from the Zwiesel to the W. to (I'/s hr.) Heilbrunn (marked path :; see 
below). — The *Buchberg (2815'; splendid view) may be ascended in l>/4 hr. 
by a fine path, to the right, just short of the ZoUhaus, or we may take 
the motor- diligence as far as the StaVauer Weiher (see below) and then 
ascend to the right to Oberbvchen. 

[From Bad Tolz to Kocuel, I41/2 M., motor service 4-6 times 
(lailyin summer in 13/4hr, The road leads to tlieW., past tLe(l*/2M.) 
Znllhaus (p. G9), the (21/2 M.) log -hut (station for the Blom- 
berg-Hans, p. 69), Vorder-Stallau , the StaUauer Weiher ('2330'), 
and (41/2 ^^') Hinter-Stallnu, to (6 M.) Ober-Enzenau, i^ the 8. 
of the baths of Heilbrunn (2235'; Kurhaus, 50 beds at 7-30 jjT 
weekly; Belle vue,OT^eu May-Oct., 35 beds at 1V2-3, pens, from 5 ^^ ; 
Post). The Adelheidsquelle here contains bromine and iodine. The 
road goes on via Unter -Steinbach to (O'/^ M.) Bichl (p. 66), and 
thence by the road passing Benediktbeucrn and Ried to (14' 2 ^1-) 
Kochel (p. 66). 

From Bad Tolz to thk Walchknsee \i\ Jachknau (23*/2 M.; 
motor-car to Lenggries in summer 5 times daily in "^f^ hr. ; thence 
diligence to Jachenau once daily in 2'/2hr8. ; one-horse carr. to Ur- 
feld 30, two-horse 45-50 M). The road follows the E. side of the 
broad Isar-Tal to (6 M.) Lenggries (2230' ; Post, bed l^V'^ -^/' well 
spoken of; Altwirt, 40 beds at 1V4-2, pens. 372-5 J/l, plain but 
good; Schiener). [The footpath via Wocfcersftgr^ (p. 69 ) is recom- 
mended to pedestrians.] The grand-ducal brewery, with an old- 
German tip-room, and the (1/2 hr.) Kbpfl command pretty views. 
About 1 M. to the S. is the Grand-Duke of Luxembourg's chateau 
of Hohenburg, with a park (rfmts.). 

Mountain Ascknts (guide, Dionys Oreil). The Benediktenwand (5910') 
may be ascended in 5V2 hrs., with guide, by the Ldngental Alp and 
Probst Alp. This a.'^cent is longer but more interesting than that from 
Bcnediktbeuern (p. 66). — The Brauneck (5100') is easily ascended via the 
Garland Alp in 21/2 hrs., with guide; open shelter-hut on the top. We 
may descend to the Brauneck Alp (4735') and thence ascend (1 hr.) the 
Kirchstein (5500"), with a monument to Emp. William I, and a fine view. 
— The Geigerstein (48'JO'; 3 hrs., with guide) olfera no very great attrac- 
tion. — The Kampen (5235') and the Fockenstein (5125'), both of which 
may be ascended in 3-3'/2 hrs. via the Hirschbach-Tal, are two intei eating 
points. (Descent to the Bauer in der Au and to Tegernsee, see p. 74.) — The 
Silberkopf (Seekarkreuz, 5255') is easily ascended in 3 hra. via the Seekar 
Alp (4380'); thence to the Kampen in 2V2 hrs. by the arete, for adepts 
only. — Another easy ascent is that of the *Ilos8stein (5570'; 3-3Vi! hrs.). 
The route leads via Schloss Hohenburg, crosses the brook at some small 
cottages, proceeds througli meadows and wood, and (1 hr.) forks. We 
proceed straight on to the (1 hr.) Kalte Briinnl and past the poor Eoas- 
Hutte to the fence, (1 hr.) Maria- L ck , and the (V2 br.) Rosssteitir Eutten 

to Mittemrald. JACHENAU. Map,p.6.s.~ I. R.13. 71 

(4860'J, and thence either diroct viii the arete id ^/t hr. (steady head ro- 
qaired), or to the left through the 'Kar' 1 1 the (V2 hr.) Tegernseer HUtte <m 
the Buchstein - Scharle^ between the Rossstein and the Buchatein (4 mat- 
tresses; key must be brought), lU min. below the summit, by the E. arete. 
Beautiful and extensive view from the top. [From the fork fsee above) 
the meadow-path to the right debouches in ;i r.-u^rh cart-track leading to 
tlie (I hr.) Rdhrlnwos-Alp, whence a marked path ascends to the {Vjn hr.) 
lioisstein-Hutten (see above).] From the Tegcrnseer Hlitte the Buchstein 
(5625'! may be ascended in 12 min. by skilful climbers throuirh a kind of 
cheminee (wire-rope, steps). — Descent to the (2> 2hrs.) Batter mderAu (p. 74), 
to (3'/2 brs.) Bad Kreuth (p. 76), or to (I'/a lir.) the Bayerteald Iim (p. 77). — 
A .similar view i.s commanded by the SchSnberg (SiSio'), ascended from 
Fleck via the Schonherg Alp in 3 hrs. 

The road crosses the Isar (to the left, the ('hateau of Hohenburg 
see p. 70) and reaches (8V2 M.) Wegscheid (2260' ; Pfaffensteffl, 
rustic). The road now quits the valley of the Isar and enters tlie 
Jachenan, a secluded valley, 12 M. in length, watered by the Jnchen. 
16' 2 M. Inn sum Back ( 2430'). From the ( 18 M.) village of Jachenau 
(2590'; *Pfund zur Post, 30 beds at 1-2, pens. 5-6 J/; Neuwirt) 
a road to the left leads through the Jachen-Klamm to Niedemach 
and along the S. bank of the Walchensee to Altlach and (8'/2 M. ) 
Obemach (p. 68). The road to Urfeld continues to ascend over the 
Fieberherg (2900') and then descends through wood to (211/2 ^^-1 
Sachenbach, at the N.E. end of the Walchem^ee^ whence it follows 
the N. bank to (23V2 M) TJrftld (p. 67).} 

Fhom Bai> Tolz to Mittbnwald (36 M. ; diligence to Hinter- 
Riss daily in 6'/2 hrs. \ carr. to Vordier-Riss 25, with two horses 
40 ../{f). To (6 M.) Linggries, see p. TO. The road then follows the 
right bank of the Isar, passing Anger, to ( 8V2 M- ) Fleck (2275'; 
Killer's Inn, good), with a cellulose factory, and (10 M.) Winkel. 

From the OerbJhauer, 3/< ^- from Winkel, a marked path ascends to 
the left through wood to the (2 hrs.) 'Hochalpe (4685'), which commands 
a fine view. The descent may be made to the (I'/a hr.) Stuben Alp, on 
the road from Kreuth to the Achensee (p. 77). 

The valley narrows. On the left are abrupt, wooded slopes, on 
the right flows the river in its wide and gravelly bed. The road 
crosses the Walchen ox Achen and the Durrach, and reaches (15V2^I-) 
Fall (2430'; *FaUerhof, 40 beds at i^/i-l^k, pens. 4-5V2 -//)• ^">" 
the right is a rapid of the Isar, here hemmed in by a rocky barrier. 

On the right bank of the Walchen or Achen a narrow but good road 
runs through picturesque gorges to join the (6V2 M.) Achensee post-road 
(omn. to Glashiitte daily in summer, seep. 77; one-horse carr. to Scholas- 
tika 20 Ji). — The easy ascent of the Juifen (6520' ; see p. 77) takes 
4V2 hrs., with guide. — The Lerchkogel (5535' ; 4V2 hr.s., with guide) is 
an attractive ascent via the (lV2hr.) Klamm-Bnicke and the (3 hrs*.) Lerch- 
kogel Alp. — A very fine point of view is the 'Scharfreiter (Schafreuter ; 
BSQCy : 5' '2-6 hr.s. ^ guide advisable ; provisions should be taken) We diverge 
to the left from the road to the Riss after '2 hr., and ascend (red marks) 
via the Wiei Alp and by a winding path through fine woi'd to the Grammert- 
eck (,f>060'), and thence to the (3V2-4 hrs.) Afooten Alp (530.5') and to the left 
round the Kdlbereck to the (2 hrs.) summit (fine view). The de.scent may 
be made to the saddle in the direction of the Baumgavten-Joch and then 
to the right to (8 hrs.) Hinter-Rist fp. 72); or from the Moor-en Alp to the 
2V2 hrs.) Oswald-Hutte (p. 72). 

72 l.R.13. — Map,-p.6S. HINTER-RISS. 

The valley expands. 21 M. Vorder-Riss ("2650'; Kapfhnmmer, 
by the saw-mill, well spoken of), a royal shooting-lodge on a pine- 
clad hill at the confluence of the Rissbach with the Isar. 

From Vorder-Riss to the Walchensee (p. 67). A marked bridle- 
path diverges to the right about 3 M. from Vorder-Riss and, passing to 
the right ot" the Horhkopf (4275'), leads to (4 hrs.) Altloch. The ascent i.f 
the nochkopf, with a royal shooting-lodge and fine view, takes 1 hr. more. 

[Through the Riss to the Achensee, 9 hrs. (road a? far as the 
Hagel-Hiitte; diligence to Hinter-Riss daily, seep. 68). The valley 
contracts at (3 M.) the Oswald-Hutte (2760'), at the mouth of the 
Fermersbdch-Tal. (To Mittenwaid via the VereinsAlp, see p. 61.) 
We now cross the Tyrolese frontier. 

7V2 M. Hinter-Riss (3055'), a shooting-lodge of the Duke of 
Coburg, in a finely-wooded valley. At the foot of the chateau is the 
Klosterl Inn, and 1 M. farther on is the *Alp€nhof Inn (3100'; 
50 beds at 1 K. 40-2 K. 40 ft., pens. 5-7 K.). 

Excursion's (paths generally marked ; guide, Alois Norz). To the grand 
rocky amphitheatre in the Rhontal (Torkopf, Wankspitze, Steinkarlspitze, 
Wechselkopf), 11/4 hr. as far as the Alp (4155'). — To the S. into the 
Tortal (l'/> br. to the Korau, where the valley bends to the W.). — To the 
Schonalpen-Joch (6515'), an agreeable and oasv expedition (3-31/2 hrs). — 
The following are difficult ascents (guides, 15-18 «'.) : Ritser Falk (7890'), 
Laliderer Falk (7910'), Ilochglilck (SASO"), Eiskarlspiize (8810'), Spritzkur$piUe 
(8560'), OrubenkarspHze (8740'), and Kaltw as serkar spitz e (8970'). 

To Ladiz and the Lalider-Tal, a whole day's excursion (8V-'-ll hrs.)- 
A road leads to the S. through the Johannes-Tal to the (272 hrs.) Kleine 
Ahomhoden (4585'), with a shooting-box ; thence to the left (marked path) 
to the (1 hr.) Ladiz Alp (5155'), which commands a view of the tremen- 
dous cliflFs of the Birkkarspit/e, Kaltwasserkarspitze, etc.; then over the 
Ladiz-Jdchl (6000'), between the Ladizkopf and the Mahnkopf, to the 
(IV2 br.) shooting-lodge (5007'), the (V4 hr.) Lalider Alp (5004'). grandly 
situated, and through the Lalider-Tal back to (3'/» hrs.) Hinter-Riss. Or 
we may again ascend from the Lalider Alp to the (1 hr.) Hohljoch (5875'), 
between the Teufelskopf and the Kiihkarspitze, which may also be reached 
in 2 hrs. direct from Ladiz, via the Spielist-Joch {d'^ib') and along the im- 
posing Laliderwand; thence we descend, leaving the Lalider- Ilorhleger Alp 
(5820") on the left, to (I'A br.) the Eng Alp &mO'\ Eng Inn, 20 beds, 1/4 hr. 
farther on), in a fine situation at the base of the huge SpritzkarspUze (8.5'iO'), 
and return to (31/4 hrs.) Hinter-Riss through the Engtal (see below). From 
the Eng via Grammai to Pertisau, see p. 80 (guide 10 K.) ; over the Lamsen- 
Joch to Scfiwaz, see p. 222 (guide 15 K.). — From Hinter-Riss to the Vereins 
Alp and to Mittenwaid. see p. 61. — Across the Hochalm to Scharnitz. see 
p. 62 (guide 15 KA. 

From Hinter-Riss (provisions should be taken ; guide, 8 K., un- 
iief"essary) the road ascends gently, past the mouths of the Johannes- 
Tal and Lalider-Tal. to the (2 hrs.) Hagel-Hiitte (3575'), where the 
liisstal '(ahoxe this point called the Engtal) turns towards the S. 
(see above). TUe road from the Hagel-Hiitte to Pertisau is not 
practicable for carriages. We ascend in windings through wood, 
passing the ruinous Plumser Niederleger (4580^), to the (2^2 brs.) 
Plumser Joch (5425'), which commands a pretty view. We descend 
in zigzags to the (8/4 hr.) Gem Alp (3845'; inn), and through the 
wooded Gernial to the (I72 tir.) Pertisau (p. 79).] 

TEGERNSEE. Map, p. 74. — I. R. 1 4. IS 

The road to Mitten wald crosses the Isar, and follows the left 
side of the secluded valley to (3072 M.) Wallgau (p. 68), oji the high- 
road from the Walchensee to (36 M.) Mittenwald (p. 59). 

From Vokder-Riss by the Soiern Lakes to Mittenwald, 9-10 hrs., 
attractive. After crossing tbe Rissbacb. the bridle-path ascends the Fisch- 
bach-Tal tn the left, passing the HundstaU-HHtte (4060'), to the (5 hrs.) 
royal shooting-bnx at the Soiern Lakes (5290'; ascent of the Schotfelkar- 
tpilze, see p. (58). Thence it ascends to the left to (1 hr ) the saddle of 
the Jdgersruh (6225'), between the Krapfenkarspitze and the Soiernspitze. 
We descend into the Sttinkar, tht-n I'roceed to the ri^ht alonjr the clitls 
(fine views of the Acbensee and Karwondel niouniains) to the (I hr.) Jochl 
(58&')'). and descend to the (V-.- hr.) Vereins Alp and (2'/-.' br.s.) Mittenwald 
(p. 50). 

14. From Munich to Tegernsee and to Jenbach 
via the Achensee. 

e^'/z M. Railway to (37 M.) Tegernsee in i^lt-'iM-z hrs. (5 ^30, ^ JC 40, 
Jl 20 pf.). MuTOK Diligence trum Tegernsee to (23 M.) the Achensee 
(Schnlastika) 7 times daily in July and Aug. in 2 hrs. (4 M), on Sun. and 
holidays only in Sept. Also, motor-car from Tegernsee to Bad Krtuth, 
8 times daily \\\ 50 minutes. — One-horse carriage from Tegernsee to Bad 
Kreuth 7, two-horse 12 Jl, to Schohustika 16 or 24, to Jenbach 24 or 42 Jl ; 
from Scholastika to Bad Kreuth 14 or 22, to Tegernsee 20 or 30^:.: two- 
horse carr. from Jenbach to Tad Kreuth 36. Tegernsee 44 K. (driver's fee 
and tolls included). — Steamboat on the Achensee from the Scholastika 
to Seespitz (and back) eight times daily in summer in 50 min. (1 K. 80 or 
1 K. 30 /».). — Railway from Seespitz to Jenbach (in summer 8 trains daily 
in 39 min.) in connection with the steamboat (see pp. 80, 221). 

Railway to ('29 M.) Schaftlach, see p. 69. The line to Tegernsee 
makes a wide bend to the S.E., at first through wood and then with 
a view of the mountains (on the right, the Benediktenwand^. — 
321/2 M. Moosrain. — 34 M. Gmund (2425'; Station Hotel, 26 beds 
at 11/2-3 ►^Z Oberstoger ; Herzoy Maximilian, 50 beds at 11/4-3, 
pens. 6-7 ^ ; Am Gasteig^, where the Mangfall emerges from the 
Tegernsee. A little to the S. is a swimming-bath. 

The pretty ^Tegernsee (2380'; 33 4 M.' long, II/4 xM. broad) is 
surrounded by fine mountains, the slopes of which are covered with 
trees and meadows a long way up; on the E. are the Neureut and 
Bauingartenberg, on the S. the Wallberg and Setzberg, on the S.W. 
and W. the Ringspitzen, Hirschberg, Kanipen, and Fockenstein. 

Motor Launch from Gmund ('/a M. from the rail, station) 9 times daily 
in 55 min. (6) pf ) to S»;hwaighof and i^ice versd^ stopping at Kaltenbrunn, 
Seeglas, St. Quirin, Wiesaee, Tegemsee-Cafe am See, Tegernsee-Po3t, 
Egern Ferry, Egern-Bachmayr, and Rottach-Schwaighof. — The best sur- 
vey of the whole lake is obtained just before reaching Kaltenbrunn (2485'; 
rfmts.), a ducal farm 1 M. to the W. of Gmund (motor-launch from 
Tegernsee in 25 min., see above ; rowing-boat in 1 hr., 1 Jif 40 pf.). From 
Kaltenbrunn Egern (p. 74) may be reached in 2^/4 hrs. by the car- 
riage-road along the W. bank via Wies.'ee (p. 75). — A path (red marks) 
ascends fri'm Gmund to the (2 hrs.) top of the 'yeureut (p. 7.5). 

From Gmund the line leads along the E. bank, via. Sf. Quirin, to — 

37 M. Tegernsee. — Hotels. *Serben- Hotel, V2 M. to the N.W. 
of the station, on the lake, open 15th May-15th Oct., 45 beds at 2V2-6, 
pens, from 8 Jt; 'Bahn-Hotel Miggl. 50 beds at 2-4, B. i J(i Post, 80 beds 

74 /. Route li. TEGERNSEE. From Munich 

at 2-5, H, 2/4, pens. 7-8 ^4?; Steinmktz, with a peasants'' theatre (see belmv), 
80 beds at 2-5, B. 1, pens. 7-10 J(, Gi'GtJKMos, with terrace, 50 beds at 
2-4 J(, both on the lake; Tegkknsebr Hok, 56 beds at IV2 3'/-.', pens. 4'/2- 
6', 2 ^4i; AhvBAVii {Schand I), unpretending. — Pens. Villa Waldruhe, quietly 
situated aiuont; woods, pens. 41/2-8 J(. — Lodgings abundant. — At Rottach 
(.p. 76) : HoTKL Seerosk, 37 beds at lV2-2'/2, pens. 4V2-7 M; Plendl, bed 
from l'/2 M; Zdm Rosser; Ddftlmuhle. — At Egeni (p. 76): 'Bartlma 
or Bachmair, 100 beds at \^l-i-^Jl; Gasthof zur Uebkrfahrt, 70 beds at 
1-3 Jt, with lake-baths-, Seerosk; Hads Reinhard, with cafe-restaurant, 
65 beds at l'/4-3 jU. — Beer at the BrdustUbl, in the ducal chateau; Sommer- 
keller, with veranda, a little to the N. of the chateau (open on Sun., Wed., 
Frid., <fe Sat. afternoons). Restaurant SchiessstdHe in the Alpbach-Tal (see 
below). — Cafes. Wiener Cafi am See; Hysam and Mayer. l)oth on the 
Alpbach ; Seeperle, tn the N. of the Serben-Hotel. — Lake Baths, behind 
the Gnggemos Hotel and V2 M. to the S. of the village. — Peasants'^ Theatre 
in July and Aug. at the Hot. Steinmetz (see above). 

Boat, with rower, for 1-2 pers. 1 ^ per hr., 3-4 pers. 1 .>^ 20, 5-6 pers. 
i Jf iO pf. Sailing boats also. — Motor Launch, see p. 73. In addition to 
the regular trips local boats ply from Tegcrnsee-Post to Rottach (Schwaig- 
hof), Egern. and Abtcinkel 12-14 times daily. 

Tegernsee (23^0'), a charmingly situated village (^1742 inhab.), 
attracts numerous visitors in summer and winter. Beautiful walks 
in the environs. The lange Schloss, formerly a Benedictine abbey, 
said to have been founded in 719, and suppressed in 1803, now 
belongs to Duchess Maria Josepha of Bavaria; the N. wing contains 
a brewery. Above the portal of the Church is an ancient relief in 
marble (1457), representing the princely founders of the abbey. 

Environs (numerous guide-posts). From the Hotel Steinmetz we as- 
cend the Larchenwald-Stras.^e, then turn to the right, and beyond Villa 
Waldruhe, at the beginning of the Larch Wood, ascend the steps to the 
left to (20 min.) the Pfliegelhof ('J765' \ restaurant), with a fine view (.still 
finer from the Pjliegeleck, 3525', V* ^t- bigher up, to the E.). — The path 
straight on beyond Villa Waldruhe, ascending through the larch forest, 
leads to the (20 rain.) Grosse Parapluie (2625'), whence we have a charm- 
ing view of the upper end of the lake ('Egeruer Winkel'). The Grosse 
Parapluie is reached by footpaths from various points on the Rottach 
road; the path beginning 8 min. from the S.E. angle of the Schloss, passes 
a monument to the poet Karl Stieler (1842-85). To the right of this route, 
3 min. below the Parapluie, a path leads to the (6 min.) Leeberger (restau- 
rant, 10 beds at IV2 Jl)i commanding a similar view to that from the 

From the station a cart-road leads in 40 min. to the Cafe Scherer 
(3150'); tine view from the terrace. We may return through the Alpbach- 
Tal (1/2 hr.). 

Bauer in der Au. We cross by boat (in '/4 hr., 50 pf.) or motor-launch 
to -46t^tn*cJ (Abwinkel Inn; Sapplkeller). Thence we may follow the road 
via Bitch, or (preferable) turn to the right at Q/4 hr.) the intersection 
with the Kaltenbrunn and Egern road, cross the Sollbach, and ascend by 
a pleasant forest-path, first on the right, then on the left bank, to (3/4 hr.) 
the Bauer in der Au (2r.9ry; rfmts.). A road leads hence via (IV2 hr.) 
the Schwarzpn/enn Alp (.3375') to (IV2 hr.) Bad Kreuth (p. 76). Ascent of 
ihe. Hirschberg (2^li\iT!^.), .'.ee p. 75. iJowsiem (5570*), from the Schwarzentenn 
Alp via the Kossslein-Huiten in 21/2 hrs., and Buchstein (5625'), via the Bucher 
Alp in 2 hrs., see p. 70. — A pleasant expedition may be made to Lenggkies 
(4 hrs.) by a route diverging to the right (finger-post) from the above- 
mentioned road about 2 M. from the farm, crossing the brook, and ascend- 
ing first to the left and then to the right beside the Slinkergraben (sul- 
phur-springs) to the (I hr.) saddle between the Kampen (5.500'; left) and 
the Fockenstein (5125'; right ; each of which may be ascended hence in 1 hr. ; 
comp. p. 70), and thence down the Hirschbach ■ Tal to (I'/z hr.) Schlvis 







'.7 ir^"- '"«"' 


Reiiners- '.laa 


GrunWts- j^spiUr ^-^ li if ••^'«w/*,.^f^' ^ ."• X«i«*y«. .' io«:^i 

% l«>^i^. Aiplspit^ „,, ii.^^^. V^ >^.^^-^ 

„ , i • ; vl. • -■"•or -jxxjiifi/irar , GO* V>»7J-^ 

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_^/«/^ Ht.Soiuiemvendjoclil-.v ''"^ ,-.'. , <f-^'f 

to rnnshruck. TEGERNSEE. 1. Route 14. 75 

Uohenhuvg^ 1 M. from Lenggries (p. 70). — Fmm the Kaner in der An wc 
may return by a road to the right, on the slope of the Ringhevg (not 
advisable in damp weather); where it emerges from the wood (1 M.) a 
footpath descends to the right to (1 hr.) Egern Ferry (see below). 

Freihaus (2705'; restaurant). We cross by rowing-boat (in 25 min., 
I Jl) or motor-launch to Wiessee (Post; Pichler), and then ascend to the 
N.W. (25 min.). From the Freihaus a fine path through wood leads to 
the S. to the (10 min.) Prinzeiiruhe (view) and thence across the Zeiselbacli^ 
finally following the Sollbach to C^ rain.) the road to Kaltenbrunn and 
Egern (p. 74). 

The Falls of the Rottach are situated in a pictnrcsqne ravine, 51/4 M. 
from Tegernsee. The road leads from (l'/2 M.) Rottach on the left bank 
of the Rottach (of footpath along the stream), passing (V* hr.) Hagrain 
(Hahn), to (1 hr.) Enter- Rottach (2565'; ckan inn); V"^ M. farther on a 
finger-post shows where the path descends to the right to the picturesque 
falls (SO-IOC in height); the path rejoins the road higher up. The Boden- 
schneid (5475') may he a.-cended from Enter-Uottach in 2 hrs., attractive 
(more convenient' ascent from Neuhaus, see p. 82). — The road proceeds 
through wood to the Wechsel {33%^, and descends through the picturesque 
valley of the Weisse Falepp to (2'/2 hrs.) the forester's house of Falepp 
(p. 82). Thence by the Spitzing-See to Scfiliersee 4'/2 hrs., and from Schlier- 
see to Tegernsee S'/a brs. The whole round forms a pleasant drive of 
10 hrs. (carriage 20 Ji, with two horses 30 .#). 

The "Neureut (4145'), l'/* br. to the N.E. From the station a bridle- 
path (horse Q J() and footpaths ascend past the ^cnger-Schlost and through 
wood. At the top is the NeuretU- Ham (*Inn, open also in winter, bed 
IV2 -M), with alpine garden and splendid view (to the S. the Venediger). 
Ski-ing and tobogganing in winter. — From the Neureut-Uaus a marked 
path leads to the E. over the Oindelalp-Schneid (4366'), with fine views 
of the Schliersee, the Kaiser Gebirge, etc., to the (V* br.) Gindel Alp (407.5'; 
rfmts.); from a fingerpo"«t on the right, just before reaching the alp. a 
path descends through the Breitenb:\ch-Tal to (l^* hr.) Schliersee (p. 81). 

Riederstein (3956'), 1^4 hr. to the S.K. We may a<=cend either from 
(20 min.) the Pjliegelhof (p. 74) via the PJliegeleck in IV2 hr. (the longer 
but better route; finally by a 'Route de Calvaire' with 14 station.*); or 
from the Leeberger (p. 74) in I1/4 hr. (not recommended in wet weather). 
The Conspicuous chapel .stands on a precipitou- rock. It may t>e reached 
in VJti hr. also from the Schwaig/iof (p. 76) and from the Alpbach-Tal 
(see above). — From the Riederstein a marked path ascends to the E. 
along the crest of the hill to the (3/4 hr.) Baumgarten Alp (44S0'; rfmts.) 
and the (20 min.) Baumgartenschneid (4750'). whence an extensive pano- 
rama is obtained. A descent leads from the Alp to the Prinzcn - Weg 
(p. 81) and through the Alpbach-Tal to (2 hrs.) Tegernsee. 

The '^Hirschberg (5i80'; 31/2-4 hrs.) is easily reached. The ascent is 
best made from Scharling (p. 76), which may be reached either by motor- 
diligence from Tegernsee station (26 min.), or by motor-launch to Egern 
Ferry (8 min. J, and thence by road to (3 M.) Scharling. Here, or 1/2 M. 
before, we divertie to the right from the road, and follow a bridle - path 
(mule 10 J() through wood via the (1 Lr.) Holzpoint Alp (3705') to the 
{^l\ hr.) Ringberg-Satiel Thence we ascend the Kratzer (to the left) to the 
{*l\ hr.) Hiy$chberg-Haus (4955'; Inn, open also in winter, 55 beds &i'2Jl; 
telephone), on the Luckereck above the Lucken - Alp , 25 min. below the 
summit. Splendid view at the top (panorama, 50 pf.). Descent via the 
Weidherg Alp to (2 hrs.) Dorf Kreuth fp. 76), or from the Ringberg-Sattel 
to the (l'/4 hr.) Bauer in der Au (p. 74). Tobogganing in winter. 

The -Wallberg (5650'; 3V2-4 hrs.) is easily ascended. We take the 
motor-launch 10 (12 min.) Egern-Bachmayr, follow the narrow street to 
the left (before reaching the church) to C/zbr.) Oberach (Glasl-Wirt, with 
mountain-carriages and mules for hire) and hence proceed by a winding 
road to the {2^/i hrs.) Wallberg- Eavs (4S00' ; *Inn, open in winter al?o, 
20 beds at 2 Jk and 3f) mattresses). Passing a new cbapel (5295') we 
follow a marked path (rttk steps; wire-n pe) to the (2/4 hr.) rocky sum- 

76 1. — Map,p.74. RHEUTH. Froin Munich 

mit, which commands a wide view and is marked by an iron cross, 26 ft. 
in height. Good tobogganing in winter. — The descent may be made 
either by a marked path descending behind the Wallberg -Haus through 
wood and cros-ing the ('/•.; hr.) bridge (guide-post) to (V/ a hr.) Dor/ Kreuth; 
or by a jiath leading to the left from the front of the bouse via the Fort- 
nert Alp to (2 his.) Enter- Rottach (p. 75) in the Ruttach-Tal. 

The Risserkogel (5995' ; 5'/j hrs , guide unnecessary for experts) is 
not difficult. From the (3 hrs.) Wallberg- Havs (p. 75) a marked path 
skirts the W. side of the Setzberg (5615') to the Setzberg Alp (5035') and 
crosses the ridge to the Grubereck (5485'), where our route is joined on 
the right by the path ascending from Kreuth. A aomewba*, steep climb 
to the left thence takes us to the summit (2i/2 hrs. ; open club-hut), which 
aflords a splendid view. To the N. the Plankemtein (6790'; ascent 
difficult), at the foot of which are the Kotenstein and Plankenstein lakes. 
Descent to the N.E. via the Riedereck Alp (48aO') and past the Sch'ffbac/i 
Fall to (2 hrs.) Enter -R-ttach (p. 75). The descents by the ('/2 hr.) 
Riss Alp (49o5') and through the Laiigenau to (2'/2 hrs.) Bad Kreuth, or via 
the Bernauer Alp (4770') to (3 hrs.) Fulepp (p. 82), are steep at, and 
not advisable for ine.xperienced walkers. 

From Teoternsee to Schliersee . 10 M., motor-car 6-9 times daily in 
50 min. via Gmund (see p. 81). To Bad Tdlz (p. 69) , 13 M., motor-car 
3-5 times daily in 1 hr. 10 min. — To Ober- Aminergau (p. 56) 72 M., motor- 
car twice daily in 5'/2hrs. via Bad Tolz, Kochel, Walchensee, Mittenwald, 
and Garmisch-Partenkirchen. 

The highroad from Tegerusee to the Achensee (fit for cyc- 
ling as far as Glashiitte) skirts the S.E. arm of the lake (opposite lies 
Egern, p. 74), passes the baths of Schwaighof (restaurant), crosses 
the Rottach, and leads throttgh (1^/4 M.) Rottach (p, 74). About 
IV4 M. farther on, at the Inn zur Weissach (well spoken of), it 
crosses the Weissach. 

Pedestrians save over V2 br. by taking the motor-launch (see p. 73) 
from Tegernsee to Egern Ferry, or 20 min by taking the ferry (5 pf.) 
across the S.K. arm of the lake from the ('/< br.) Kleine Parapluie to 
Egern (p. 71); the road on the other side reaches the highroad at (3/4 M.) 
the Weissach bridge. 

The road follows the pretty valley of the Weissach, via Reitrain 
(inn), Oberhof. and Pfbrn (pleasant footpaths also on both banks 
as far as Bad Kreuth). Near (5 M.) Scharling a footpath diverges 
to the right, passing the Point and rejoining the road before it 
reaches Dorf Kreuth (ascent of the Hirsehberg, see pp. 75, 77). The 
valley contracts near the village of (572 ^-1 f^reuth (2535'; Leh- 
mann), to the right of which rises the conical Leonhardstein (ATQb' -^ 
marked path in 2^/2 brs.). On the left is (3/4 M.) the prettily- 
situated * Inn zur Rainer Alpe (2580'; 30 beds at 1V2-3, pens. 
6-7V2 *^)i about 3/4 M. beyond which a road to the left diverges 
for the(V.-,M.) — 
7V2 M- Wildbad Kreuth (2715'; 300 beds, R. 10-45 Jf per 
week, D. 3 ^), a summer-resort with mineral springs, situated in 
a well-wooded valley. 

Pleasant Walks in the grounds of the Kurhaus. In a marble niche 
above a spring on the slope, V2 M. to the S.E. of the Kurhaus, is a bust 
of King Max I. — The Hohlenstein (3850'; 1 hr.), opposite the baths, to 
the E., commands a fine view. 

Wolfsachlucht (3165'; I'A hr.). The path ascends the FelsenwMssarh- 
Tal to the Seven Huts {Siebcn Hiitte; rfmts., goat's milk), then crosses the 

to Jnnshruck. GT.ASHUTTE. Map^^pp.74^7S.— T. R.14. 77 

tream and proceeds to the left to a finger-post indicating; the way to the 
(irosse' and 'Kleine Wolfsschlocht'. A giddy path ascends fri»m the Grosae 
Wolfsachlucht 'iiber den Fels' to the Schildenstein Alp (see below). 

Gals Alp (lV2hr.). Descending at the back of the Bad and crossing the 
Felsenweissach, we come in a few min. (finger-post) to a good path through 
wood, which ascends to the left on the hillside to the plea.'santly situated 
Alp (3650'). About 25 min. farther on is the Eonigs Alp or Kaltenbrunner 
Alp (3660'; rfmt?.). which may be reached in 2 hrs. also by a good road, 
diverging to tlie left from the Achental road above the Klammbach Fall 
(see below), and ascending in zigzags. — The Schildenstein (5290*). a gi>od 
point of view . is ascended from the Gais Alp or the Konigs Alp iu 
2 hra. (red way-marks); last part of the ascent steep. From the Blan- 
berg Alp on the Schildensteiu-Sattel (4845') a marked path leads through 
fine wood to (3 hrs.) Achenwald on the S.W. — A red-marked path leads 
from the Konigs Alp to Steinberg (p. 78) in 5 hrs. (guide desirable). 

The -Schinder (5930'; 51/2 hrs., not difficult) is a magnificent p. tint of 
view. A road leads to the K. through the Langenau to the (3 hrs.) Baier 
Alp (SobC; night-quarters), whence a marked path a.scends to the left by 
the Ritzlbevg Alp (4975') to (2i/8 hrs.) the summit (Oesterreichischer Schin- 
der, or Trausnitzberg). I>escent to (2 hrs.) Falepp , see p. S'2. — A well- 
marked and attractive route leads from the Baier-Alp through the Boier- 
bach-Tal to the (2 hrs.) Erzherzog Johann-Klavse (p. b2). 

-Wallberg (5650'), 31/2 hra. from Dorf Kreuth, see p. 75. — Risserkoyel 
(5990'), 4V2 hrs., with guide, via the Rist Alp, see p. 75 — The •Hirsch- 
berg (p. 75) is ascended from Dorf Kreuth (p. 76) via tbe Waidberg Alp 
in 3 hrs. (better from Scharling, see p. 75). — The 'Rossstein (5570') is 
ascended in 5 hrs. from Bad Krentli by a path diverging to the right at 
the Klainmbach Full (see belnw) fir the (2 hrs.) Sc/itoarzentenn Alp, and 
tbence leading via the Rossstein-Hiilt>>n to the (2'/2 hrs.) top (p. 70); nr by 
a marked path to the right beyond the (1 hr.) Bayerwald Inn and ascend- 
ing via the Unleve and Ohere Sonfwnberg Alp to the (3 lira.) Rosastein-Hiitten. 
3/4 hr. below the summit. 

The road from Bad Kreuth to the W. crosses the Weissacli and 
joins the main road. The latter gradually ascends the wooded 
Weissach-Tal, passing (91/9 M.) the pretty Klammbach Fall and 
(10'/., M.) the Inn sum Bayerwald, to (12»;o M.) Glashutte (292:')'; 
Inn, 50 beds at 1-2 ^U ), with the Bavarian custom-house of Stuben. 

The 'Hochalpe (4(^85'; 2 hrs.) is easily ascended by an Alpine path (mule 
8 Jf) diverging to the right from the Achental road at the (20 min.) Stuben 
Alp (see below), and leading to the (1 hr.) Millerhiitten Alp (4325'), whence 
a path ascends tu the right to the (V2 hr.) summit (fine view). Descent 
to (IVzhr.) Winlel in the Isar-Tal, see p. 71. 

Omnikl'S from Glaahiitte via Fall and Vorder-Riss to Wallgau (p. 73) 
daily in the height of summer. 

The road ascends to (131/2 ^0 ^^^ Stuben Alp (3085'), then 
descends rapidly through narrow valleys, and in the once strongly 
fortified defile of Achen (2875') crosses the Tyrolese frontier. ( Below, 
to the right, diverges the road through the Walchen-Tal to Fall in 
the Isar-Tal, p. 71.) The Austrian custom-house is near the village 
of (17 M.) Achenwald (2695' ; Hotel Hagen im Wald, good trout ). 

The ascent of the 'Juifen (6520') may be made from Achenwald via 
the Schulterbeig Alp in 4-4'/2 hrs. with ^uide (not difficult). Fine view 
from the summit. Descent either by the Rotwand Alp to Fall (p. 71), or 
by the Joch Alp (p. 78) to Achenkirchen. 

Passing the Inn zur Marie the road gradually ascends through 
pine-woods along the Achen or Walchen, the outlet of the Achen- 
>^pe, vfhich rushes noisily in its deep bed. At (19'/2 M.) Leiten 

78 7. Route 14. ACHENSEE. From Munich 

(Hintner's Inn; Huber) the Ampelsbach-Tal opens on the left; in 
the background rises the grotesque rociiy horn of the Guffert. 

A road on the left side of the Ampeltbach- Tal leads over the Ober- 
berg (3435') to (3 br.-^.) Steinberg (3330' ^ Horndl-, guide, Peter Knapp), a 
village prettily situated in a green Alpine valley. Ascent hence of the 
Oufferl (Steinberger Spitz e ^ 7205'; marked path in SVahra.). easy and 
repaying. Ascent of the " Unniitz (6815'; see below), either via the Stein- 
berger Kothalpe (4730') and the Schaarwandkopf (6u60') in 3-3V2 hrs. (toil- 
some), or via the Hintere Schdnjoch Alp (4255') and the Kdgljoch- Sattel 
(50iO') in 3'/.'-4 hrs. (easier). — From Steinberg to the Inntal via Atcliau 
(to Brixlegg G hrs.; guide advisable, S.K'.), see p. 220. To the Konigs Alp 
(Kreuth), see p. 77. 

20* 2 M. Achenkirchen (3030'-, Krone; Pod, ^/^M. farther on; 
Adler^ all good), a village 2^/4 M. long (^^b inhab.), the scattered 
houses of which extend almost to the Achensee. 

The *Acliensee (3045'), 0^2 M. long, about 1/2 M. broad, and 
436' deep, a dark-blue lake, is the largest and finest in N. Tyrol. 
At the N. end are Maiers Inn (40 beds at 1-3 K.) and (23 M.) 
the *mtel SchoLastika (140 beds at 1-3.50, B. 1, D. 3, S. 2, pens. 
6.50-8.50 /ST.), with a tourist-house and a chapel. About I1/4 M. 
farther on, on a green promontory, is the Hotel Achenseehof (o^tew 
May-Sept.; 120 beds at 1-4 K.), with a chapel and a cafe ou the 
lake. The road, hewn in the rock at some places and built out into 
the lake at others, leads ou the E. bank ^ii Seehof to (2872 ^^-l 
Buchau ( Prantl), at the S.E. end of the lake, V/^M. from Manrach 
(p. 80). Steamkr on the lake (preferable) from Scholastika eight 
times daily to Seespitz in 50 min., calling at Seehof, Pertisau, and 
r-uchau (1 K. 80 or 1 K. 30 h. ; return-tickets 2 K. 60 or 1 K. 80 h.; 
lu,2;gage should be looked after). Rowing-boat from Scholastika to 
Pertisau in 1 hr. (1 pers. 1 K. 60, 2 pers. 1 K, SOh.). 

Excursions (guide, Barthol. Edenhauter). Pleasant walks in the woods 
from the Scholastika to the AscTibacher Hohe. u.nA Louise nruhe (^2^^.), and 
from the Seehnf to the Kraxel Fall, the Eremitage, and ('A hr.) the Oams 
Pavilion, commanding a good survey of the lake. Boating expeditions 
(steamboat to the Kleine Gaisalm and back twice daily) may be made to 
Theresensriih on theW. bank, and to the Kleine Gaisalm (;J065': inn, good), 
a green slope at the E. base of the abrupt Scekarspitze. The Mariensteiij 
(quite safe for those not subject to giddiness) leads from the K. end of 
the lake to the (1 hr.) Gaisalm; a very interesting path (not difiicult, wire 
ropes in places; shady in the afternoon) leads thence to the Ovosxe O'aisalm 
ill '/< '"■•, to the Breitlahn in Va l^r., and to the Pertisau in 40 min. 

The '-^Unniitz (6815'; 3 hrs.; guide, not indispensable, G ^.), which 
command.-* a magnificent view, presents no serious difficulty. Good marked 
paths lead from the Scholastika, from Maier's Inn, and from the Seehof 
through wood (fine glimpses of the Achensee), and lastly up steep pastures 
to the (IV4 hr.) Kogl Alp (4095'; hence across the Kugljoch- Sattel to Stein- 
berg 1^/4 br., see above). From the highest hut we cross the depression 
to the left, then (20 min.) turn to the left, and (V4 hr.), where the path 
divides, ascend rapidly to the right for V* hr. through creeping pines, 
and afterwards over grassy slopes, to the (20 min.) summit (Vorder-Unniitz, 
6815'). The view embraces on the E. the Steinbergerspitze, and more in 
the background the Kaiser-Gebirge, the Loferer Steinberge, and the Stei- 
nerne Meer; S.E. the Kitzbuhel range, and the Tauern; S. the Sonnwend- 
joch, Zillertaler Ferner, Tuxer Ferner, Solstein, Oetztaler Ferner, Kar- 
wendel -Gebirge. and Wetterstein- Gebirge; far below lies the Achensee. 


i==^ 1:250.000 

to Innsbruck. PERTISAU. 1. Route U. 79 

From the Kogl Alp Tp. 7S) a path (red marks) leads to the S. past 
the Kd'jl-Joch (5530') and Ochsenkopf (bK^y) to the (IV2 hr.) Koth Alp Mitter- 
leger (see below). Another path (guide advisable) descends to the S.E. 
via the Eitiberg Alp, where it bends to the right to (1 hr.) the Schmalz- 
klatuen Alp (3860') in the Grundachen-Tal, and thence ascends towards the 
S. to the (Va hr ) fork; the path to the right leads through the Eselkar 
to (IV* hr.) the Ampmoos Alp C5855') and then via the (U/s hr.) BeUlenteig- 
Sattet (6-80') to (1 hr.) the Er/urter HuUe (p. 80); that to the left passes via 
the Anger Alp (4845') to the (2V2 hrs.) Mark-Sat'el (6270'; ascent of the 
Afarkspitze, 1)560', to the N., in 1/4 br., see p. 220), and descends (to the right 
before reaching the Zireiner See) to the Zireiner Alp and past the Ludoi 
Alp to (3-3V2 hrs.) Kromsach (p. 219). 

The Kothalpen-Joch (6925') may also be ascended with no great difll- 
culty in 3 hrs. from the Achenseehof (guide 7 £^.). A marked path, to the 
left "of the waterfall, ascends rapidly through wood to the Lower (iKX)'), 
Middle (5260*), and Ci hrs.) Upper Koth Alp (5920'); before reaching the 
latter we turn to the left at a spring (871/2° Fahr.) across grass (edelweiss) 
to the (1 hr.) summit. Fine views of the Achensee, the Steinberger-Tal, 
Inntal, and Zillertal. — From the Upper Koth Alp to the Kloben-Joch (6700'; 
magnificent view of the Achensee), marked path in V* hr. (guide 7 A'.) ; 
to the Hochiss (7545'), via the Kothalpen- Battel (6475') and the Stuhljdc/.l (6745'), 
3 hrs. (t;uide 8 K. ; comp. p. 80; descent to the Erfurter Hvitte, >/* hr.). 

The Seekarspitze (6725'; 3V2-4 hrs. ; guide 7 A'.) is difficult near the 
top. From Maier's Inn we proceed to Hinter-WinkJ, where the Oberauhach 
is crossed, and thence fnHow a marked path through wood to the (IV2 hr.) 
Kogel Alp (4190'), whence we ascend in 2-21/2 hrs. to the summit. A 
difficult route (guide necessary) leads hence along the arete to the See- 
hergtpitze or Rabenspitze ('iS40'), and thence down to the Pletzach Alp and 
to the Pertisau. — The Hochplatte (5935'; 3 hr.^^.; guide 6 A".) is an easy 
and attractive ascent from Maier's Inn to the N.W., via the Briindl Alp 
and the Joch Alp. — Ascent of the Jui/en (6520*; 81/2 hrs.), via the Joch 
Alp, see p. 77. 

On the S.W. bank of the lake is the *Perti8au, a green pasture 
enclosed by mountains and frequented as a summer-resort l*H6t.- 
Pens. Alpenhof, open June-Sept., 90 beds at 2-6, B. 1.25, D. 3.50, 
pens. 8-12 fC. : Fiirstenhaus, the property of the Benedictine abbey 
of Fiecht, diner maigre' on Fridays, 220 beds at 1.25-2.75, D. 2.25, 
S. 1.40 K.; *H6t. Stefnnie, with baths, open May -Oct., 70 beds 
at2-6, pens. 8-12 A'., -Post, keptby Huber, 60 beds from 1.75, pens. 
7 K., these four on the lake; rooms at several villas; Pfandler, 
Karlwirt, in the village, ^/^ M. from the lake, unpretending, but 
good). Charming view of the lake; to the S. the mountains of the 
Inntal and of the Zillertal. 

ExcDRSioNS (guide, Gottfried Prantl). To the (IV-t hr.) Kleine Gaisalm^ 
see p. 78. — The Bftrenkopf ((i520'; 3 hrs.; guide 5 K.). ascended via the 
Bdrenbad Alp (4770'), or from Seespitz through the Weissenbach- Tal (not 
difficult), aflords an admirable survey of the lake and the environs. — 
The ascent of the 'Sonnjoch (S0()0'; 5V2-6 hrs.; guide 10 A".) is fatiguing. 
The Fal z turn - Tal is followed to the (3V2 hrs.) Grammai Bochleger (see 
p. 80). Then a steep and stony ascent of 2 hrs. tip the W. slope to the 
summit. Extensive panorama. 

^From thb Pektisau to Hinter-Riss over the Plumser Joch (7 hrs.), see 
p. 72 (carr. to the Gem Alp 7, with two horses llA". ; beyond the Gern 
Alp a shorter footpath leads to the right through shady woods. The route 
via Grammai (9 hrs.; guide 10 A., not essential) is preferable. A road 
(carr. to the Falztum Alp 7. with two horses 14 K., to Grammai 8 or 14 A.) 
ascends the Falztum -Tal to the S.W passing the Franz -Josefs .Schutz 
hiitte. to the (IV4 hr.j Falztum Alp (3535'; rfmts.) and the (3/4 hr. ) Grammai 

RO /. «. / i. — Map, p. 78. ERFITKTER HUTTE. 

Niederleger (4145'), fiiioly situated, whence a bridle-path to the Lamsen- 
joch-Hatte diverjies on the left (2V2 hrs. 5 see p. 222). We thence nacend 
steeply to the right to the (IV2 hr.) Grammai Hochleger (5685') to the S. of 
the Sonnjoch (p. 79). Thence across the (V2 hr.) Grammai-Joch (6220'), 
with view of the Karwendel chain, etc., to the 8., to the ('/4 hr.) Bins Alp 
(4830, the (V2 hr.) Eng (3930'; Wurzhutte Inn), and (3V4 hrs.) Hinter- 
Riss (p. 72). — Over the Stanser Joch (6895') to Schwaz (7 hrs. ; riuide 10 /T.), 
toilsome but remunerative, .-^ee p. 222; from Pertisau via the Bdrenbad Alp 
(see p. 79) or from 8eespit/. through the Weissenbach - Tal to the pass 
(.-splendid view), 31/2 hrs.; steep deecent to St. Georgenberg, IV2 hr. 

A steamer plies from the Pertisau in 1/4^"". (road and wood-path 
in 3/4 hr.) to the Seespilz Hotel (3050'; 60 beds at 1-3, pens. 6-8 K., 
good), at the S. end of the lake. Thence we either follow the 
rapidly descending road through the Kasbach-Tal (3^ 4 M.; a 
shorter footpath diverges to the right at the Seespitz, rejoining 
the road in 20 min. at the Restaurant Kasbach), or proceed by rail- 
way (p. 221) via MauTuch (3150'; Neuwirt, 22 beds at 1-1 K. OO/i.) 
and Eben (3190'; Kirchenwirt) in 39 min. to — 

4 M. l69V.> M. from Munich) JenbachflTiO'), seep. 220. Kail- 
way thence to (^21 M.) Innsbruck, see R. 41. 

From Jlaurach (see above; guide.'', Alois and iMdwig Brugger) a marked 
path ascends to the N.E. thr(tugh the Buchatiev Graben Muuritz Nieder- 
leger (4S85') in 2V2 hrs. (or from Buchuu, p. 78, via the Dalfmer Alp, in 
3 hrs.) to the Erfurter Hiitte (6015'; "Inn, 27 beds :it 2 A'. 40 h.. and 26 mat- 
tresses at 1 A'. 20 A.), in a fine situa'ion (views) on the MauritzkDpfl , near 
the Mituritz Hoch-Alpe. This is the best starting-point for the ascent of the 
peaks of the Sonnwend-Gebirge, which afl'ord splendid views: the -"Hocltiss 
(7545'), in IV2-2 hrs. (guide 6 A'.); the Spieljoch (7340*) and SeekarlspiUe 
(7350'), botli together in 2 hrs., with guide; the Rosskopf (N. peak 7410', 
S. peak 7405'), 2V2 hrs., for expert climbers only, with guide; the Ro/an 
(7415'), 2 hrs. (uuide, not indispensable, I'y^/o K.); the Vordere Sonuwendjoch 
(7295'), 2V2 his. (guide IV2-8 K., with descent to Kramsach 11 A'. ; see p. 220); 
the Haidarhftellwand (7185': guide 6 A"), IV2 hr. via the N.E. arOte (S. arote 
more difficult); etc. — >kom the Ekfurter IIutte to Kkamsach over the 
ScnAi'STEiG-SATTEL, 5-6 hrs. witli guide, attractive. We proceed via the 
Mauritzer-Stiege (a rock-ascent) to the (1 hr.) Grvbenlacke and the O/t hr.) 
Gruben-Scharil (6905'; easy and attractive marked path to the left to the 
top of the Rofanspitze in 1/2 hr. ; see above). Thence we ascend the Schafsteig 
to the [} I ihv.) Schafsteig- Battel O^^'^l •'•nd descend (steep path; slippery in 
wet weather) to tbe (IV2 hr.) Ludoi Alp and (IV2 hr.) Kramsach (p. 219). 

15. From Munich to Kuf stein via Schliersee 
and Bayrisch-Zell. 

68|/2 il. Railway to.(38 M.) Schliersee in 21/4 hrs. (4 Jif 80 pf., 3 Jl, 
1 jH 9-0 pf.). From Schliersee to (10 M.) Bayrisch-Zell Motor Service in 
summer 5-7 times daily in 50 min. (railway under construction); thence to 
(2OV2 M.) Ku/stein omnibus in summer twice daily in 4 hrs.; carriage and 
pair from Schliersee to Kutstein in 7 hrs., 60 J(). 

Railway to (22^/2^.') Holzkirchen (change carriages), see p. 68. 
The line diverges to the left from the Tolz line, and at (2672^0 
Darching it enters the picturesque Mangfall-Tal. Opposite is 
Weyam, formerly a monastery, now a school. Pleasant excursion 
(lV4hr.) to the Weyrer Lindl (2370'; view). 

SCnUERSEK. Map,p.74.- T.R.15. 81 

30'/._, M. Thalham (2055'). On the right rises the Taubenberg 
(2935'; marked path in l^/o hr., see p. 69). The train crosses the 
Mangfail and traverses the wooded Schlierach - Tal. — 33' /q M. 
Miesbach ('2'245'; *Waitzinger, 38 beds at 11,2-3 J^ ; Post; Mies- 
bacher Hof. bed 174"'^^ 2 •^> Greiderer ; Alpenrose ; Wendelstein ; 
Deut^rhes Huus Restaurant), a prettily situated village and suui- 
nier-resort (3500 inhab.). 

Al)Out 11/2 M. to the N. is the ohSt. au of Wallcubnrg (2340'; restaurant, 
with garden and view). — A splendid panorama may lie enjoyed from the 
view-tower on the Stadelberg (3115'; Kaiserhof Iini), 1 hr. from Miesbach 
(good tfdtogganing in winter). 

To BiRKENSTEiN (10 M.). Carriaso-road (shorter route via Schliersee 
by motor-diligence, p. 83) via Pavsherg to the Leilzaeh-Tal, and then via 
Wornsmilhl and Ilnndham to (8 31.) Ellhach (2590*; Sonnenkaiser Inn; a.scents 
■ .f the Schwar-eiiherg. 39av, I'/z hr.. and the Breitemtein, 5576', 'i'^t brs., 
butli interesting). Then by the Mavhach Inn and (9'/2 M.) t'ischbachau C2.'33U'; 
Kulzer) to (10 M.) Bivkenstein (p 83j, at the W. base of the Wendelsltin. 

The train crosses the Schlierach twice and passes Ayataried 
(Frey; Staudenhausl). with a Gothic church ( 1 hr. from Schlier- 
see). — 30^/2 ^^- Hnu^ham ( '2495'; Schwar/.er Dianiaiit), with coal- 

3(S .VI. Schliersee. - Hotels. Sculuss Fkeuoksbekq, on the W. bank 
of the lake; 'Skkiiaus; Hot. - Restaurant Wittei.sbacii, ^0 beds at 2-3, 
peu.>i. 4-7 Jl; •Sekicose; Hot. Wenoklstein, 3* lieds at 1-3, pen.''. 5-7 M; 
Hot. Bahnhof. 18 beds at >-i Jl ; Hot Seh-kao, with warm and cold lake- 
baths, 32 beds at 2-3 jH ; 1'ost; Messnek, 30 bed.s at i}Ul. pens. 3-0 ,M ; 
Hot. Rote Wand, 3/4 M. to the K. of the station, R. 1V.-2 M. — Pensions. 
Dr. Brodfuhrer. pens. 6-7 UK; Hofhaus, 24 beds at iVa-l'/i •^; PoLinarher. — 
Restaurant KOglstein^ on the .<;lope of the Schliersberg , Vi ^^- froni the 
station, with view, R. l'/4-l'/2, pens 5 Jt. — Visitors'^ Tax for a stay of 3-T 
days 1, more than a week 2. each addit. per.s. '/i ai»d l^ family 6 jU. — 
Petixunis" Theatre in the garden of the Seehaus at 7 p.m. on Sat., Sun., «fe 
holidays (tickets '/•i-2'/j Jl, to be taken in advance). 

Schliersee (2570'J, a village with 1156 inhab., prettily situated 
on the lovely Schlieree (2550'), is much frequented both in sum- 
mer and winter. The (5 min.) Weinberg -KapelLe, above the chnrch, 
and the (10 min.) Hochburg afford the best view of the lake. 

Excursions (see aLso p. 82). To the N.W. lo (25 min.) Auwinkel (Hubei- 
tu3 Restaurant). — To the E. a road leads in 50 min. (and a shady footpath 
through the Ostergraben and Kraut nergraben in 35 min.) to the Schliers- 
bergalm Inn and thence in 1/2 hr. to the top of the Schliersberg (4120'), 
with beautiful view (good tobogganing in winter). From the Schliersberg 
we may proceed to the (f 4 hr.)'Rhonberg (S%5'), whence the view e.xtends 
to the Zillertal glacien and the Tauern. An attractive excursion leads to 
the S.'^:. through the LeUnergraben to the Winterstube (3I2(J') and thence via 
the Probstboden to Fischhansen and back to (3V2 hr.s.) Schliersee. — To Tegern- 
SEE, 10 M., motor car 6-9 times daily in 50 min. via Gmund. For pedestrians 
the shortest route {Prinzen-Weg; S^/t hr.s.) leads from the railway-station 
via the wooded Breitenbach-Tal and past the GlashuUe (restaurant) "to (3 M.) 
Hennerer't Inn in the .4w 0^800'), whence a bridle-path ascends to the re- 
fuge-hut on the Sagfleckl (3785') and descends through ihG Alpbach - Tal to 
(2V4hrs.) Tegernsee. — Another route (4'/4 hrs.) is afforded by the marked 
path diverging to the right from the Prinzen-Weg at (1 hr.) Hennerer's Inn 
and ascending to the (IV4 hr.) Gindel Alp (4075'), and thence over the ridge 
(view) to the (1 hr.) Xeureut (p. 75) and (1 hr.) Tegernsee. — Over the 
Kiihzagel {X^/i hrs. to Tegernsee), see p. 83; ascent from the Au to the left 
through the Tuft-Tal. 

Basdeker's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit 6 

82 I.R.15. — Map, p. 74. NEtJHAUS. From Munich 

The road skirts the E. side of the lake (shady footpath most of 
the way; motor-launch, twice every morning and 6 times every 
afternoon, in 10 min., 25 pf.)- 2 M. Fischhausen (*H6t. Finsterlin, 
with restaurant and garden, 30 beds at 1-2, pens. 4-6 Jf; Nieder- 
waldeck Inn) lies at the S. end of the lake; high up to the left the 
ruin of Hohenwaldeck (3235'). At (21/2 M.) Neuhaus (2640'; Inn) 
the road divides, the right branch leading to Falepp, the left to 
Bayrisch-Zell. To the E. rises the finely shaped Wendelstein ; to 
the S. the P.recherspitze and Jagerkarap. 

The Road to Falepp (SV* hrs.) leads past (Va hr.) the *Hdlel Jotefttal 
(26 beds at i^j\-\.^l-> Jl) and the Pension Antesberge7\ crosses the brook, and 
ascends to the left through the /ose/a-fann numerous windings, which the 
pedestrian may cut ofl'. Beyond the (1 hr.) Spitzing-Sattel (3775'), between 
the Jagerkamp and Brecherspitz, the road descends to the lonely Spitzing- 
See f3550'), at the S. end of which is the Wurz-HUtte, a qnaint inn (ascent 
of the Rotwand, see below). The lake is drained by a stream flowing into 
the Rote Falepp, which forms a little fall (on the right) 20 min. farther on. 

1 M. Waizinger Alp (3095') ; 2V4 M. the forester's house of Falepp or "Valepp 
(2860'; /nn, bed 1-1 '/u, pens. 4 USf), prettily situated in the midst of wood, 
below the union of the Rote and Weisse Falepp. — From Falepp over the 
Wechsel and through the Rottach-Tal to (4 hrs.) Tegernsee, see p. 75. — 
The 'Schinder {Trausnitzberg, SBSO"; p. 77) is ascended from Falepp in 
3-3V2 hrs. via the Oais Alp and Trautnitz Alp. — From Falepp to Bkixlkgg 
through the Brandenherger Tal, 8-9 hrs. (marked path^ guide not indispens- 
able). From the inn the route goes straight on for V* tr., descends into 
the Enzengraben (p. 84) and reascends, keeping high up on the left bank 
of the Falepp, and then at a wooden hut descends to the stream and 
crosses it below the muuth of the Marchbach. At (1^4 hr.) the Erzherzog 
Johann- Klause (2705"; inn at the forester's) we cross the bridge to the left, 
and then either follow the new track througli the gorge of the Branden- 
herger Ache (for steady heads only), or ascend to the left past the Rumpf 
Alp, then descend to the Ache and cross to the right bank, and finally 
pass through the Kai-'er-Klamm to (2 hrs.) the Kaiser- Haut (2315'; inn 
at the forester's). Hence to (3/4 hr.) Pinegg and via Brandenberg ut Aschau 
to (3V2 hrs.) Brixlegg, see p. 220. — To Landl via the Klknd Alh 
(4V2 hrs. ; ^uide unnecessary). From Falepp we ascend the wooded Toten- 
graben to the (IV4 hr.) EleiidSattel (3750'^ ascent hence of the "Rotwand in 

2 hrs. ; comp. p. 83), then descend to (10 min.) the Elend Alp (3575'), 
and continue through the Elend-Oraben to (1 hr.) the Kloascher Alp (2965') 
and in 3/4 ^^- more to the road from Bayrisch-Zell to Landl (to Urspring, 
11/2 M., see p. 84). 

Ascents from Neuhaus (routes all indicated by coloured marks). 
Brecherspitze (5525'), 33/4 hrs., via the Angel Alp, or from the (IV2 hr.) 
Spitzing-Sattel (see above) via the Fiirst Alp in I3/4 hr. (fatiguing-, guide ne- 
cessary). — Bodenschneid (5475'), 31/2 hrs., through the DUrrbach-Tal and 
via the Rain er Alp &nA ih& Rettenbdck Alp {lAW \xiTaii.), or from the Spitzing- 
Sattel via the Fi'irst-Alp in 2 hrs.. not difficult; admirable view. The de- 
scent to the W. leads via, the Boden Alp to (2 hrs.) Enter-Rotlach (p. 75). — 
J&gerkamp (5730'), 3 hrs., via the Jdgerbauern Alp (rfmts.), laborious near 
the top, but attractive. — -Rotwand (6180'), 4V2-5 hrs., easy and very 
attractive. We a.scend to the left from the (2 hrs.) Wurz-HUtte (see above) to 
the ('/2 hr.) Winter stube., and thence proceed to the right over the Klausbach 
and through wood (marked path), skirting the Oleiselslein, to the (2 hrs.) 
Wild/eld Alp (5380'), with the old Rotwand-Haus, and the Ch'i^r.) Rotwand- 
Haus (5790' ; *Inn, open all the year round, 37 beds and 24 mattresses), 
beautifully situated above the Klimpfel-Scharte (p. 83), 20 min. below the 
summit. Magnificent view (mountain - indicator). The Rotwand may be 
ascended also from (2 hrs.) Geitau (p. 84) via Mietehen, the 8chell«nherg Alp., 
the Gatterl (to the left of which is the picturesque Soinsee, 4785'), the 

to Kufstein. WENDELSTEIN. Map, p. 74. — /. R. 15. 83 

Grosstiefental Alp, the KUmp/el-Scharte ib&Xf), and the Rotwand-Hans in 
3 hrs. ; from the ('21,2 hrs.) Waitzinger Biilte (p. 82) through the Pfanngraben 
and via the Kumpfel Alp in 3 hrs. ; from Falepp (p. 82) via the Elend-Sattel 
(p. 82) in 3V2 hrs.; or from Bayrisch-Zell in 41/2 hra. — Miesing (6175), 
from Geitau (p. 84) by the Grosstiefental Alp and the saddle between the 
Rotwand and the Miesiny: in 4-4 Va hrs., interesting. — Auerspitze (5940') < 
another fine point, ascended from Geitau past the Soinsee (p. 82) in 4 hrs. 

The shortest ascent of the 'Wendelstein (6025') from Schliersee leads 
via Birkenstein (5V2 hrs. ; guide unnecessary). A motor-ear plies 6-7 times 
daily in 40 min. to (71/2 M.) Birkenstein, via Neuhaus (p. 82), Aurach (see 
below), and Stauden (see below), then over the Leitzach and on to Fischbachan 
(p. 81), and then ascends to the right to Birkenstein. From (1 hr.) Neuhaus 
pedestrians follow the Bayrisch-Zell road, then diverge to the left just before 
Aurach (3/4 hr.-, see below) and prwceed past the Fischeralm Inn. Beyond 
('/4 hr.) Stauden they take the marked short-cut to the right to (V4 hr.) 
Birkenstein (3015'; •Kramerwirt, 35 beds at 1-2, pens, fromiuff ; Edelweiss, 
44 beds at 1-3. pens. 3'/2-5 .^), with its pilgrimage-church, at the W. base 
of tlie Wendelstein. From the upper end of the village we follow a path 
(green and red marks) through meadows and wood. In '/2 hr. the path 
from Hammer (see below) joins ours on the right; i/< hr. farther we pass 
the Spitzing Alp (4055'), on the right. We then proceed through dwarf-pines 
and join the route from Bayrisch-*Zell (see p. 84). — A shorter route diverges 
to the right before the bridge over the Leitzach in Stauden (see above), 
passes the (10 min.) Hammer Inn (good),^crosses the Leitzach, and turns to 
the right to join a cart-road, from which a good path diverges on the left, 
20 min. farther on From the (40 min.) fork the branch straight on leads to 
(20 min.) Birkenstein, the branch to the right joins the ascent from Birken- 
stein (see above). — Ascent of the Wendelstein from Bayrisch-Zell (3 hrs. ; 
guide unnecessary; horse to the Wendelstein-Haus 8 U(f, if kept overnight 
12 Uif), two routes. The 'summer route' ascends over the meadows opposite 
the school-house to the wood, where it joins the bridle-path leading via the 
(20 min.) Lower Zeller Alp to the (IV4 hr.) Upper Wendelstein Alp (see below). 
The 'winter route' proceeds to the N. through meadows to the foot of the 
mountain and ascends by a path (marked with white and red) past the 
Tanner-MUhle to the ('/.; hr.) farm of Hochkreut (3246'), where we turn to 
the right to the (1 hr.) Siegel Alp (4345'), the (V4 hr.) Lower Wendelstein Alp 
(4640'), and the (1/4 hr.) Upper Wendelstein Alp (4950'). From the Upper 
Wendelstein Alp we proceed to the left, passing under the Bockstein (5010') 
and joining the paths from Birkenstein and from Brannenburg and Feiln- 
bach", to the (3/4 hr.) Wendelstein-Haus (.5655'; -Inn, with 90 beds at 2-3 
and 48 mattresses at 1 u(f), at the foot of the cone (meteorological station; 
telephone ; advisable to secure beds in advance). An easy flight of steps 
leads from the inn to a platform on the Gache Blick (tine view). From the 
inn we ascend by a safe path protected by railings to the (20 min.) summit, 
a plateau 6-12 ft. broad and about 40 ft. in length, on which stand a chapel 
(1718) and a cross. The 'View (panorama, 50 pf.) embraces (left to right) 
the tJntersberg, Watzmann, Kaiser-Gebirge, Tauern Mts. (with the Groas- 
Venediger and Gross-Glockner), and the Karwendel and Wetterstein ranges 
(with the Zugspitze); to the N. the extensive plain with the Chiemsee, 
Simmsee. and Starnberger See. — On the E. side of the peak, in the 'Kessel', 
is a limestone cavern, the entrance to which is covered with ice (there 
and back 3 hrs.. fatiguing; guide essential). Descent to ^ranneH^urgr (rail- 
way under construction), see p. 87; to Feilnbaeh, p. 86. 

From Nechacs to Tegernske by the Kiihzagel, 3',V4 hrs. (guide hardly 
necessary). A marked path leads through theZ)Mrn6f/cA-G'rafcen to (I1/4 hr.) 
the saddle to the E. of the Kiihzagel Alp (3490*), whence we descend to 
the (3/4 hr.) Kuhzagel-Hof, then into the Roltach-Tal to the road from Falepp 
to (IV2 hr.) Tegernsee (p. 75). 

The road to Kufstein (motor-diligence to Bayrisch-Zell in 1 hr. , 
p. 80) leads from (21/2 M. ) Neuhaus (p. 82) via (4V2 M.) Aurach 
(Fischeralm Inn, on the road to Birkenstein, see ahove). Between 


84 7. R. 1 5. — Map, p. ns. B AYRISCn-ZELL. 

(6 1/2 M.) Oeitau (inn) and f8 M.) Osterhofen (Alpenhof) the wide Leit- 
zach-Tal is entered. — 10 M. Bayrisch - Zell (2625'; Post, 34 beds 
at 1-1 V4^ pens. 3V2-4: UJf, plain but good ; Wendelstein ; Sanatorium 
Tannerhof, pens., incl. medical treatment, 8-10 .//), prettily situated 
in a basin enclosed by the Wendelstein, Seeberg, and Traithen. 

ExcuKSiONS. To the Wendelstein, see p. 83. — The 'Rottcand (6l£0'; 
4V2 lirs. ; easy) is ascended via the Kloascher-Tal and the Elend Alp (p. 82). — 
The Traithen (608l»' ; fatiguing but interesting) inuy be ascended in 4 hrs. 
(with guide) by the Urspring-Tal and the Vordere lienebrand Alp (3810'). 
The descent may be made by the S/eilen Alp to tlie Briinnstein- Hans and 
(4V-J hrs.) Oberaudorf (p. 87j. — The Hintere Sonnwendjoch (6520') is an 
interesting ascent of 5V.> hrs. Turning to the righ' beydnd (2 hrs.) Lfrsprituj 
(«ee below) we proceed via the Schiinfeld Alp and the Wildkar Alp and thence 
by moderately steep grass slopes to the (3V2 hrs.) top. Descent to (4 his.) 
Falepp, see p. 82. 

From Havrisch -Zell to Obekauookf or Bkannknbukg, 4V2-5 hr.s. 
(guide not indispensable). The marked path, steep at first, leads by the 
Tanner Alp and the Grafenberg Alp to the Auer Briicke, and through the 
Auerbacli-Tal to the &/-z hrs.) Tatzelwurm Inn (2445'), near a tine fall of 
theAuerhach (hest viewed from the lov^er bridge). A marked path Ifad.s 
hence in 2 hrs. to the Briiunstein-IIaus, st-e p. 88. — From the Tatzelwurm 
we descend by the deep AnerbacJi-Tal past Uechenau to (2 hrs.) Oberaudorf 
(p. 87); or to the left from the Tatzelwurm to the Hosier Alp (2565'), 
descending past the Regau Alp and through the FSrchenhach-Tal to (2'/^ hrs. ) 
Brannenburg (p. 86). 

The road to Kufstein (20^2 M) follows the Vrsprintj-Tal, enclos- 
ed by finely-wooded mountains; to the left is the TTaith€n(see above), 
to the right tlie Seebery (5045'}. After 3 M. we pass a small waterfall 
of the Sillbach on the right, and then the mouth of the Kloascher- 
Tal (via the Elend Alp to Falepp, see p. 82). We cross the Austrian 
frontier beyond the (15 M.) Backer Alp (2790'); about V2M. farther 
on is the Vrspriny Inn (good wine). The road descends a finely 
wooded valley, passing the Austrian customs station of HiJrhay. 
Several glimpses of the Kaiser-Gebirge. At the (18'/) M.) village of 
Landl (2255'; */nn, 25 beds at \ K. 20-1 K. BO/j.), in the Tiersee- 
Tal, is a shooting-lodge of Archduke Louis Victor. 

To Falepp via the Aokern Alp, 5 hrs., with guide, fatiguing and 
lacking interest. A cart-road ascends in the wooded Stallen-Tal, between 
the Veitsberg on the left and the Hintere Sonnwendjoch (6520'; ascended via 
the Oirgal Alp in 2 hrs. ; see above) on the right, to the (2V2 hrs.) Ackern 
Alp (4550'). Descent by a roug]» path through wood, high on the right 
side of the Marchbach-Tal, past the Reichstein Alp (3500') into the Grundachen- 
Tal, and (steep) down into the Enzengraben ; then under a wooden conduit, 
after passing which we re-ascend, and finally turn to the right to (2'/2 hrs.) 
the forester's house of Falepp (p. 82). A cart-track and footpaih lead from 
Landl via Riedenberg to the (4 hrs.) Kaiser-Haus (p. 82; guide useful). 

The road forks 23 m. beyond Landl. The branch to the left 
descends the valley of the Tierseer Ache, crosses to the right bank 
before reaching (23 M. ) Wieshdusle (inn ; stony path hence in 3 hrs. 
to the Trainsjoch, 5600', with fine view, see p. 88), and proceeds to 
(25 M.) the Seewirt (30 beds at 1 K.), near the Tier-See or Schrock- 
See (2020'; boating; bathing). The more attractive road to the right 
from the fork ascends to (8/4 hr.) Hinter-Tiersee (2840'; Grasshoflf) 
and. with views of the Zahme Kaiser, on the left, and the Wilde 

KOSENHEIM. Map, p. 6S.— L R. 16. 85 

KaistT, on the right, to (40 min.) Vorder-Tiersee (2575'; Seetoirt, 
sec p. 84; Pfarrwirt , well spoken of; Kirchenxvirt) , where the 
peasants perform plays nearly every Sunday in summer (passion-play 
every tenth year, the last in 1905). Then to the (3/4 M.) Tiersee. 
A route leading to the left a few min. to the S. of the Secwirt skirts 
the S. bank of the Tiersee and cro«8e« the Pendling Battel (2315'), between 
the Pendlin'j (5135'; p. 215) and the Maistaller Berg, to (2 hrg.) Kufstein. — 
An attractive route, diver{rin<: to the leff, leads from the Tiersee via the 
n'arhtl (good wine) and Schoffau (Kur/.enwirt) to (6 M.) Kiefersfelden (p. 88). 

Beyond the Tiersee the road crosses the Marhlingcr Hoke, and 
(loscends through wood, passiiiir the EdschlossL (p. 214). to (30'/_) M.J 
Kufstein (p. 214). 

16. From Munich to Kufstein via Rosenheim. 

bl'/v M. Uailway in l'/-.:-3V2 hrs. (evpressfares 8 .U SO, b M 70, 3 .U 
m pf. ; ordinary fares 7 Ui^ 80, \ Ji 70, Z .U iO pf.). Best views on the right. 

Munich, see p. 4. The railway skirts the town and beyond the 
(3 M.) Munich South Station crosses the Isar. At (6 M.) Munich 
East Station the Simbach-Braiinau line diverges to the left. — 23 M. 
Grafing (1780'; Raitu-ay /nn), a considerable place (Kasperlbrau), 
17-2 ^^- from the railway. 

Fkom Gkafing to Wasseeburg, 18 M., railway in 2 hrs. — 31/2 M. 
Ebersberg (182'V; Oberwirt; HoUerbriiu), a former priory of the Knights nf 
Malta. The 'Somraerkeller' commands a magniticeut view of the Alps 
(Venedigfr)j still more eztenaive from the belvedere on the Luduigshohe 
(2130'), I'A M. to the N. The church contuins a fine marble monument 
of the Counts of Ebersber-. — 18 M. Wasserburg (1570' ; New Post; Schliess- 
leder), a small town with 39C)0 inhab. and an old la^tle, picturesquely 
situated on a peninsula surrounded by the Inn and visited as a stimmer- 

From Grafing to Glonn, 6V2 M. , railway in 36 miu. through the 
smiling Glonntal, via Taglaching, Moosach^ and Adling. From Glonn (*Post; 
Xeviffirt) pleasant excursions may be made to the O/2 hr.) chateau uf Zinne- 
berg (tine view), to the Q/t hr.) Glonn-Quelk, to the (I'/z hr.) Steinsee, etc. 

Between (28 M.) Assling and (31 V2 I^) Oster-Miinchen the dale 
of the Attel is traversed. To the right, opposite the traveller, rises 
the Wendelstein, in the background the Gross- Veiiediger. — 3672 ^• 

4072 M. Bosenheim. — Hotels. "Deutscuek Kaislk. with garden, 
50 beds ai 2-4, pens. 5-8 Jt ; 'Kaisekbad, with large garden and sanatorium, 
80 beds at 2-3, pens, b-8 ^ ; 'Reuter's Hotel Wbndelstein, 50 beds at 
V/rS.U; Deutsches Haus, 35 beds at 2-3 Uif, well spoken of; Baykkiscbek 
Hop: KoNiG Otto ; Thaller, 65 beds at V/i-2Jt, well spoken of. — Railway 
Rfstaurant; Forttiers Restaurant — Baths of all kinds at the Ka'serbnd, 
ElUenbad^ and Dianabad. 

Rosenheim ri460'j, the junction of the Salzburg line (p. 88), a 
town of 15,400 inhab., with salt-works, lies at the influx of the 
Manyfall into the Inn. The municipal museum of local art and 
costumes is interesting (open Sun. 10-12. Thurs. 1-3). 

Pretty views of the Inntal and the Alps from the (20 min) Uofhrciu- 
Keller and Pernlohner-Keller fview-towcr) and from the (V2 br.) >^chiossberg 
(restaurant), on the right bank of the Inn. The Bavaria Fith Breeding 

S6 — Maps^pp.eS.SS. BRANNENBURG. Froyn Munich 

Ettablithment on the (1 hr.) Innleiten is interesting. Close by is Bad 
Leonhardtpfunzen, with a chalybeate spring. 

Fbom Munich to Rosenheim via Holzkirchen, 46 M., in 2V2 hrs. To 
(22^/2 M.) Holzkirchen, see p. 68. We here diverge from the line to Schlier- 
see and enter the Teufelsgrahen (p. 68), which farther down is watered 
by the Mangfall. — 39V2 M. Bad Aibling fl575'; Ludwigsbad , open May 
Ist-Oct. Ist, 100 beds at l'/2-2V2, pens. 6-8^2 J(; H6t. Duschl zur Post; 
H6t. SchuhbvUu, 80 beds at i^^-l^h Ji ; WiUelsbach, 60 beds, pens. 5V2-IO Jl; 
Johannithad; Ale xanderbad ; Theresieribad ; Wilhelmtbad; all with baths), a 
small town (3475 inhab.) on the Glonn, much frequented on account of its 
salt and mud baths. The Aiblinger Sammerkeller and the 8 chiihbrdu- Keller 
command fine views of the Alps. Pleasant walks in the Irlach Gardens, 
on the Glonn ; in the park of the chateau of Brandseck; and to the (20 min.) 
Milchhdusl. Ellmosen, IV* M. to the N., commands a view of the entire 
Alpine chain with the Gross-Venediger. To Feilnbac/i, see belnw. — On 
the right, the Kaiser-Gebirge and, beyond (43 M.) Kolbermoor, with a large 
cotton - factory, the Gross-Venediger become visible. — 46 M. Rosenheim, 
sec p. 85. 

Fbom Aibling to Feilnbach, electric railway in 35 min. (45 pf.); from 
Munich to Feilnbach, 22/4 hrs. The line runs to the S., skirting hills covered 
with orchards. — 71/2 M. Feilnbach (1770'-, *Bad Wendelstein, with salt and 
mud baths, 80 beds at l-l'/a, pens. 41/2-6 Jt; Obermaier, Schmid, with baths; 
Briiuhaus; Wagner^s Wald- liestaurant, 3 min. from the station, 18 beds at 
1 Jl) is a pleasant village on the Osterbach. The "Wendelstein (6025' 5 p. 83) 
may be ascended hence in 4 hrs. (shortest route from Munich). The easy 
marked itath leads through the wooded Jenbach-Tal past the (I'/i hr.) Mair 
Alp (2865') to the (10 min.) Wintersiube (a log-hut for the shooters) and the 
('/4 hr.) Kohlstatt, a clearing in the wood. Thence we proceed to the right, 
past the woodmen's hut, cross the Lahnerbach by the foresters' path, and 
after the first bend ascend to the left in curves (to the right is the path 
to the Breitenstein, see below). We again cross the Lahnerbach (pretty 
waterfall) to the Moosebnet and traversing wood reach the (I74 hr.) Brannen- 
burg path (see p. 87; 10 min. to the left is the Reindler Alp, p. 87), about 
3'4 hr. below the Wendelstein-IIaus (p. 83). — The Breitenstein (5575': 
3'/2 hrs.) is another attractive ascent from Feilnbach. From the first bend 
beyond the {P,U hr.) Kohlstatt (see above) we ascend to the right (red and 
yellow marks), through wood, passing (V2 hr.) to the left of the Antritts- 
wand (view). Thence we proceed via the (1/4 hr.) Stiegel to the hollow below 
the peak, and ascend in steep zigzags to the (1/2 hr.) top (p. 81). 

Beyond Rosenheim the line turns to the S. and follows the left 
bank of the Inn. — 4oV2 M. Raubling (1505' ; Gerer's Restaurant). 

A road leads hence to the E., crossing the Inn, to (3 M.) Neubeuern 
(1570'; Niggl; Olasertcirt) , commanded by a chateau on a wooded hill 
(visitors admitted to the park). A pleasant walk up the valley (S.) brings 
us to (3V4 M.) the mineral baths of Nussdorf (1595'; Bad Nu$sdorf; Altwirt), 
prettily situated on the Bteinbach. The *Heuberg (4390') is ascended hence 
in 3 hrs. (guide not indispensable). The marked path leads to the S. from 
the village lime-tree, between farms, to the W. foot of the mountain, 
ascends through wood to the (IV2 hr.) Bichler Alp, and proceeds to the left 
to the (I hr.) saddle between the Kundlwand and the Eingefallene Wand, 
whence it follows the arete to the right to (V2 hr.) the summit (fine view ; 
to the left, the Wasserenwand, -wiih. across, difficult). Descent to the E. to 
Hic Tacherer Alp, and then in a curve to the S. to the farms of Buchberg 
and to Windshftusen (ferry across the Inn to Fischbach, p. 87). — 'Hochries 
(5150'), 472 hrs., easy and attractive (guide not indispensable). From Nuss- 
dorf we ascend the left bank of the Steinbach to ('/4 hr.) the hermitage 
of Kirchteald (2240'; ascent of the Henherg in 2V4 hrs., see above) and to 
the (IV2 hr.) Duftbrau, then cross the Floderbach on the right to the Spatenau 
and the (IV2 hr.) Bosenheimer HiUte (43t)5'; rt'mts.), 40 min. below the summit. 
Descent to Aschau, see p. 89. 

48 V2 M. Brannenburg (^1550'; Rail. Restaurant, bed IV2 Jl), 

to Kufstein. OBERAUDORF. Maps, rp. 68,88.— I. R.16. 87 

The village (•Schlosswirt, moderate), with a chateau, lies 1 M. to 
the W. Fine view from the Bierkeller, 3/^ M. to the W. 

In Kirdihach^ 1 M. above Brannenburg to the W., is the vegetarian 
sanatorium of Erdsegen (2135'), with air and sun baths, large grounds, etc. 
(60 beds, pens. 4-8 UJ^; open also in winter). 

Excursions (guides, Joh. Georg Ettner, Mart. Holzner, and Jos. Uuher). 
To the Schwarzlack-Kapelle (19100, Vc hr. to the N.W., with a fine view of 
the plain; via Degemdorf (Widmann) to the top of the Biber (1740'), a hill 
with pretty wood-walks and views, 20 rain, to the S.E. ; St. Margareth 
(2100'), at the mouth of the Forchenhach-Tal (»/< hr. to the S.W.), i/j hr. from 
the Fdrchenl.ach waterfall (2000'; thence to the Tatzelwuvm V/t hr., see p. 84). 
— The Ramboldplatte (4670"), ascended via the Schlipfgrub Alp and the 
Schuhbrdu Alp (rfmts.) in Q'/? hrs., commands a fine view of the Chiemsee, 
the Kaiser-Gebirge, etc. — •Wendelstein (6025'), 4-4V2 hrs. (guide not in- 
dispensable; electric railway under construction). From the station we 
follow the road to the bridge over the Kirchbach and then a marked path, 
which leads to the right, passes St. Margareth (see above) and enters the. 
Reindler-Tal, ascending through it to (I1/2 hr.) the Schwarze Uisprung (3045'). 
Proceeding straight on, we cross the brook and ascend to (1 hr.) the Mitter 
Alp (i^SlO*) and to the (3/4 hr.) saddle above the Heindler Alp (4690*), which 
we leave to tlie right. 'The path then joins the Feilnbach route (p. 86) to 
(3/4 hr.) the Wendelstein- Hnus (p. 83). 

The mountains approach the Innj on the right is the castle of 
Falkenstein, with a restored tower, and high above it is the pilgrim- 
age-chapel on the Petersberg (2780'). Opposite, on the E., rise the 
lleuberg and the Kranzhorn. 

51 M. Fischbacli (1535'; Post; Sommerkeller Wolfsschlucht). 

Excursions. To the N.W. via Falkenstein to the top of the (l'/* hr.t 
Petersberg (<ee above); to the W. via the Asten to the top of the (2i/-.: hrs.) 
Riesenkopf (4390"; fine view). —About '/•.; hr. to the S., beyond the Inn, is 
Windshau^en (guide, Chr. Sagmeisier), whence the Heuberg (p. 88; 3 hrs.) and 
ilie Kranzhorn (see below; 2'/2hrs.) may be ascended. 

56 M. Oberandorf (1580'; Hot. Briinnstein <S- Railway Restaurant, 
well spoken of); the village { Hofwirt, with garden), a summer- 
resort with 450 inhab., lies 1/2 ^^- ^^ the S. Fine view from the 
ruined Auerburg on the (10 min.) Schlossberg (1785'). In the 
forest, 1 M. to the N.W., are the baths of Trissl (bed 1. pens. 4-5 ,^1. 

ExcuKSioNs. To the(10min.) Weber an der Wand (inn); past the (10 min.) 
pretty Luegstein-See (with swimming-bath and small boats) and the finely 
situated Orafenburg Inn (pens. S'/s Jt) to the (1/2 hr.) Gfaller-Miihle, with 
a fine waterfall (rfmts.); past the shooting-range to i^/thr.) Hocheck (2705'; 
rfmts.), with a fine view (good tobogganing in winter) ; to the Tatzelwuvm 
(p. 84), in the Auerbach-Tal, 2V2 hrs. (thence to Bayrisch-Zell, see p. 84). — 
'Kranzhorn (4480'), S'A hrs., easy. From the station we cross the Inn to 
the (>/2 hr.) ZoUhaus (^nn); then follow the road to the left to (3/4 hr.) 
Miihlgraben (Weinzierl; 1 M. to the N.E. is the picturesque *Trockenbach 
Waterfall), and thence take the marked path via the Bubenau Alp and the 
Kranzhorn Alp to (2'/2 hrs.) the summit, marked by an iron cross (fine view). 
— 'Spitzstein (5235'), 472 hrs., easy. From the (1/2 hr.) ZoUhaus (see above) 
a marked path leads via MiMau and Steigental to the (2V2 hrs.) Spitzstein- 
IJiitte (4160' ; rfmts. all the year round) and to the (1 hr.) summit. Descent 
to Sachrang, see p. 90. — 'Briinnstein (5310). an easy ascent of 4V4 hrs. 
The marked path leads via Buchau or via the Gfaller-Miihle and Wildgviib 
to (31/2 hrs.) the Briinnstein- Hau< (i430'), a good Alpine Club inn open all the 
year round (22 beds and 13 mattresses), whence a club-path ascends to the 
right to the (»/4 hr.) chapel on the summit (magnificent view). The 'Doctor 
Julius -Mayr-Weg' O'z hr. from the Brunnstein-Haus to the summit) is 
more interesting for experts; it ascenda the S. aide direct, through a chimney. 

SS /. Roulf 17 PRIEN. From Munich 

40 ft. in length. — Fr(tm the Briirmsteinhans to the TaUelwurm (p. 84), 
marked club-path in IV2 hr. — Traithen (6O8O'), 6 hrs. with guide: from 
the (3V2 hrs.) Briinnstcinhaus we proceed via the Himmeisinovf Alp to Ihc 
saddle on the W. side of the Uteilnerjoch^ then follow the arete to the Unier- 
br.r(jjoch and the (2V'.' hra ) summit (comp. p. 84). — The interesting ascent 
i^i the; Trainsjoch (5600') may lie made fioin the Briinnsteinhaus iu 3'/2 hrs. 
via Himmt'lsmoos i descent to Tiersee, see p. 84. — Route to Kossen, see 
p. 218. 

The train now crosses the Klauscnhach and reaches (r)9 M.) 
Kiefersfelden (15900, V2 M. from the village (1690'; *//6t. Kdnig 
Otto, no beds at l-iV2i pens. A-iO J/ ; Mexnerwirt), where the 
peasants perform popular dramas every Sun. in summer. Near the 
Konig-Otto-Kapelle^ erected to commemorate the departure of King 
Otho of Greece (1832), the train crosses the Austrian frontier in the 
Klause (see p. '21f)), a narrow defile, and approaches — 

61^2 M. Kufstein (Railway Restaurant; Austrian and Bavarian 
custom-house), see p. 214. — From Kufstein to Innsbruck^ see R. 41. 

17. From Munich to Salzburg. Chiemsee. 

95 M. Railw M in 2i/.^-5V2 hrs. (express-fares 14 Ji 5U, d Jl 50, 5 M 80 pf., 
ordinary fares 12 USf 60, 7 J^ 40, 4 UlT 80 pf.). 

To (40'/2 M.) Rosenheim, see p. 85. The Salzburg line crosses 
the Inn, passes (44 M.) Stephanskirchen, the pretty "Si'mnwcf (1540'), 
0^/4 M. long, with the station of (48 M.) Krottenmuhle (two inns), 
and(50V2 M.)En(/or/"(*Post; Wieser), and runs to the S.via(53V2M.) 
Rimstiny to — 

56 M. Prien. — Hotels. Hotel Chiemsee, at the station, f)6 beds at 
I'/-' 2'/2, pens. i\/-2-iOJf; Hot. Kami-enwand, 2 min. from the station, 40 beds 
at t-3, pens, i-5 Jl : Baiiniiok- Hotel Baykischer Hok , 30 beds at 1-272, 
pens. 4-6 ..//,• Jos. Mayer's Brauerei & Hotel. 

Frien (1740'), a large village (2361 inhab.) in the smiling Prien- 
tnl, is a favourite summer-resort, with pretty grounds beside the 
liver. Fine view fron) the Hohenberg (12 min.). 

From Prien a Steam Tramway runs in S min. to (H/-* ^-i 30 min. 
walk) Stock ('.'^trand Hotel & Sanatorium, open 15th May-lftth Sept., 
80 beds at 3-5, B. I1/4, 1>. 4, S. 3, pens. Si2J/, with baths; Hotel, Dampf- 
schifl", well .spoken of ; lake-baths ; boats), the sturting-place of the steamer 
on the Thi'insee, which plies ten times daily in '/< hr. to the Herreninsel 
and eijiht times daily in 25 min. to the Fraueninsel (return - ticket to the 
Herreninsel. 1st cla«8 2 J( 40, 2nd class in the steam-tramvray, and 1st class 
on the steamer, i Jl SO pf. ; rowint;-boat there and back 1 Jt. with a stay 
of some time V/2 Jl). — The Chiemsee (1705'), T'/z M- long »nd 7 M. broad, 
is mufh e.xposed to storms on account of its low bank"*. A beautiful view 
of the Alps <o the S. is commanded from the N. bank and the centre of the 
lake. The ( hiemsee contains three islands : the Herreninsel, the Fraueninsel, 
and the uninhabited Krautinsel ('vegetable island'). On the Herreninsel 
(507 acres) ri.'^ps the large Schloss Herrenchierasee, begun in the style of 
Louis XIV hv King Louis II. atter the model of Versailles, but not completed 
(adm. daily from lOlhMay to 18th Oct., 9-5; fee 3 Uif, Sun. and holidays I'/zUSf; 
dosed on I3tli June). A visit to the palace, including the walk from and 
to the steamer takes about 2 hours. From the pier, where tickets for the 
castle are obtained, we come in 2 min. to the ^Schlots Hotel, with a shady 
terrai-e (35 beds at2V4-3, pens. 5V2-6Vj Jf ; umbrellas should not be given up 
before reaching the palace). Thence we proceed through the grounds of the 

to Snlzbury. MEDKR-ASCHAU. /. Houte 17. 89 

"Id Castle (formerly a monaatery) and then through wood to (10 min.) 
the Schloss EeiTenchieiiiaee. built on three sides of a square (open on the 
E.), adjoined on the K. by a wing (unfinished) 490' lon^, and connected 
with the lake by a canal ^/t M. long. In front of the W. facade are orna- 
mental water works (without water at present), with the basins of Fortune, 
Fame, Latona, etc. The pillared Vestibule, adorned with an enamelled 
srroup of peacocks, opens on a Court, paved with black and white marble, 
on the right side of which is the magnificent Staircase, richly adorned 
with marble, stucco, and painting. On the first floor, turning to the right, 
we enter successively the Salle des Gardes du Roi (blue and gold), the 
Premiere Antichambre O'llac). the Salon de I'Oeil de Boeu/ [green; with an 
eiiuestriaa statue iif Lnuis XIV, by Perron), the *Chainbie de Parade^ adorn- 
ed in purple and gold, with a lavishly gilded bed, and the Salle du Conseil 
(light blue). Of the remaining rooms the chief are the Oalerie des Glaces or 
Spiegel- Galerie (245* long an'l illuminated with 35 lustres and 2600 candles). 
the Salon lie la Guerre and the Sulon de la Pais (opening on the right 
and left ot the Galerie), the royal Bed Chamber and Study., the Dining 
Room (with the table dc-^cending and ascending through the tloor), the 
Small Gallerj/, the Oval Saloon, and the Bath Room. 

A very interesting excursion may be made by Steamkk round the 
lake (thrice daily in 2 hrs), touching at Herreninsel. Fraueninsel. Gstadt, 
Chieming, and Seebruck. A very extensive view tif the .\lps is thus ob- 
tained : to the E. in the distance is the Gaisberg (p. 122) near Salzburg, 
then the Trisenberg. Untersberg, Stauffen, and Zwie.'^el; lloher Gdll, Watz- 
mann, Sonntagshorn. Steinernes Meer, Hochkalter, Hochfelln, Hocheis, 
Hochgern, Loferer Steinberje, Gross-Venedigc r, Gross-Gluckner, Kitzbiihler- 
horn, Hochplatte, Kampenwand, Kleiner Kaiser, Kranzhorn, Spitzstein, 
Hochries, Heuherg, Sonnenwendjoeh, Soiern, Wendelstein, Breitenstein, 

The Fraueninsel (22 acres in area), much frequented by artists, con- 
tains a large nunnery (now a girls' school), a church with an ancient 
portal, and a fishing hamlet ("Hotel, bed IV2, pens. 3V2-4'/2 J?)- 8teamer, 
see p. 88; boat from the Herreninsel in 20 min., 50 pf. 

From Seebruck (*Po3t), at the N. end of the lake at the efllu-v of the 
AU (steamer from Stock to Seebruck and Chieming thrico daily), a road 
leads to the X.W. to f3 M.) Seeon (176.5'; Inn), an old monastery with a 
church of the llth cent., on an island in the Klosler-See (good view from 
the Hohenberg and Weinberg). Pleasant route hence via the HolUal-Miihle, 
on the Alz, to (4' 2 M.) St>in an der Traun (p. 91). — From Chieming 
(Unterer Wirt; Oberer Wirt), on the E. bank of the lake, a pleasant 
footpath leads to (2 hrs.) Traunsfein (p. 91). A diligence also runs daily 
from Seebruck to (2'/2 hrs.) Traun-tein via Chieming. 

The prettily situated villages of Breitbrunn (Zur Sclionen AussicLt, 
moderate), 472 M. to the N.E. of Prien, and Gstadt (good inn), a steamboat 
station opposite Frauen-Chiemsee, are summer-resorts. 

A Branch Line runs from Prien to the S. through the richly-wooded 

Priental in '/z hr. . past the chateau of Wildenwart and (3 M.) Umrats- 

hausen, to the charminglv-situated village of ffi M.) Nieder-Aschau (2020'; 

Rail. Restaurant, bed I-IV2 Jl ; Udt. Kampenwand, bed I-IV2, J'ens. 4-5 J( ; 

Rest's Hotel, 27 beds at V't-V/i, pens. 41/2 ^U, with n.ud-butijs), another 

imm-jr resort. About 1 M. to the N.E. is Haindorf. with mud-baths and 

-wimming-bath. About 1 M. to the S. is the chateau of Hohen-Aschau 

2275'), situated on an isolated rock fat the foot the -H6t. zur Burg., 35 beds 

! 2-3 «#, generally crowded in summer). 

Excursions from Nieder-Aschau (guides, Alois and Jos. Maier of Hnhen- 
Aschau). A good path ascfnd> to the W. to the (Vh hi.) Ho/- Aim (3305'; 
wine) and to tlie Aschauer - Kopf. '/2 br. to the N. of it. both with fine 
views. From the HoC-Alm we may ascend by the S. side of the Riesen- 
berg to the (1 br.) Riesen-Alm and the (3/4 hr.) Hochries (5140'; fine view). 
To the X., '/i br. below the top, is the Rosenheimer HUite (inn; p- 86) 
— The Kampenhohe (S'/a hrs.; easy). A good bridle-path, with guide- 
boards and benches, leads via the 2 hr.s.) Schlechtenberger Alp (rl'mts.) 

^ I. R. 17. — Map, p. 88. BERNAU. From Munich 

and the (1 hr.) Stexnling Alp (rfmts.) to the Kampenhohe (5135 ; fine view 
of the Tauern, etc.). The jagged summit of the Kampenwand (5505') 
can be attained by active climbers only : from the Steinling Alp we 
reach the Sattel i5d30f) in Vz hr.; thence to the right by a difficult 
ascent of 1/4 hr. — A marked path leads to the S.W. from the Kampen- 
hohe to the Moslarn Alp and down the E. side of the Scheibenwand (5245) 
to the Hintere Dalsen Alp (3385'), where it forks. The branch to the left 
leads to the Vordere Dalsen Alp (rfmts.) and (21/2 hrs.) Schleching (p. 93); 
the branch to the right leads through the Klaus-Graben to (2 hrs.) JJain- 
bacfi (see below) ; and the branch straight on leads via the Aschentaler Wdnde 
to the (B'/ihrs.) top of the Oeigelstein (see below). From the Steinling Alp 
to tlie Hochplatte (p. 92), 2 hrs., guide advisable. 

From Aschao to Kufstkin , 18 M. (diligence daily to Sachrang, in 
I'/i hr.). The road in the Priental leads via (3 M.) Hainbach (over the 
Dalsen to Schleching., ^^/^ hrs., see above) and Hvben, between the Spitz- 
stein (5235'; on the right; ascent from Sachrang in 2'/2-3hrs., corap. p. 87) 
and the Oeigelstein (5930'; on the left; ascent from Sachrang via the Schreck 
Alp in 31/2 hrs.; comp. p. 93), to (T'/z M.) Sachrang (2420^; Neumaier) and 
(1^/i M.) the summit of the pass (2465'). It crosses the Tyrolese frontier 
1 M. farther on and descends via (9 M.) Wildbichl (Inn; Alpenrose, 2 niin. 
farther on, good wine at both), and then more abruptly (too steep for 
driving) through the Steiti Pass to (11 V2 M.) Sebi, on the road from 
Walchsee to Kufstein (p. 218; the footpath from the Alpenrose to Sebi via 
Rett and Ifoppenberg, 1 hr., is preferable). 

The line skirts the S. bank of the Chienisee. 59 M. Bernau 
(1725' ; Rail. Restaurant), V2 ^- to the N.E. of the village (Altwirt; 
Pens. Villa CTermania, 20 hods at 11/2-3, pens. 5-6 «.# ; Villa Beniau), 
a summer and winter resort in pleasant surroundings. 

Pretty views from the (5 min.) Kalvarienberg and from the (25 min.; 
path through wood past the shooting-range) Hitzehberg. — Via. Kraimoos, 
the Wolfsschlucht, and Stiege to (IV4 hr.) Oschwendt (magnificent view), re- 
turning via Vorder-Gschwendt and Reit (1 hr.). — From Kernau station via 
7r5cAfinto(20min.) theChiemsee, with a bathing-establishment. Nearlrschen 
there is an interesting establishment for the reclamation of moorland 
(25 min.). 

64 M. Uebersee {Railway Inn, plain); to Marquartstein, see 
p. 92. The train crosses the Achen. — 69 M. Bergen (^1920'; 
Restaurant); the village (Pott; Meindl) lies I1/4 M. to the S. 

Carriage-road from the railway-station (diligence twice daily in '/2 hr.) 
via Bernhaupten to Wildbad Adelholzen (2155'; "Kurhaus. 110 R. at 2V2-6, 
pens. b-iOJi; "Kuranstalt Ludwigsbad <k Pens. Villa Schmid, 80 R. from IV4, 
board 3 J(), charmingly situated 2 M. to the S.E., with mineral springs, 
saline and peat baths, and many pleasant walks. Accommodation also 
at Alzing (Uberauer; Pens. Immergriin, 45 beds, pens. 6-7V2 -M, well 
sp iken of), 1/2 M. to the E. Road hence to (2 M.) Siegsdorf, see p. 95. -— 
The foundries and blast-furnaces at the Maximilians-Hiitte (2030'; "Zum 
Eisenhammer ; Ililtten- Sclienke) , in the Weissachen-Tal, 2 M. to the S.W. 
of Adelholzen (1 M. from the village of Bergen), are worthy of inspection. 

The ascent of the "Hochfelln (5480') is one of the easiest among the 
Bavarian Alps (from the station of Bergen 3V2 hrs.; guide unnecessary; 
horse 10, there and back 10, overnight 20 Jl:, vehicle for 1 person to the 
Briinnling Alp 8 J(). From the (^4 hr.) Maximilians-Hiitte we ascend the 
Weissachen-Tal., and beyond the last houses take the second (marked) path 
to the left, into the Schtearzachen-Tal, with its woods of beech and pine. 
In 1/4 hr. we have below us to the right the romantic gorge of the 
Schw;irzachen, with a pretty waterfall; '/i hr. another fall of the Schwarz- 
achen; '/4 hr. Briinnling Alp (3805'; inn), nnely situated. Thence we ascend 
in numerous windings (echo), and at (»/4 hr.) the Felln-Scharte obtain a 
view of the Tauern. About 65' below the summit is the Hochfelln- Haus 
('Inn, open all the year round, 16 beds at 2-3 M and 30 mattresses at 

to Salzburg. TRAUNSTEIN. Maps, pp. 88, 124.— I. R.17. 91 

50-70 pf. ; post office and telephone to Bergen). On the summit is the 
Tabor- Kapelle. Splendid •View. The descent may be made to Ruhpolding 
(p. 94) or to Maria-Eck (p. 96). — The •Hochgern (5720'). another fine point, 
is ascended from the Maximilians-Hiitte via the Hinter Alp (3716'; small 
inn) in 4V4 hrs. fbetter from Marquartstein, p. 92). On the summit is an 
iron cross over 21 ft. high. 

To the left lies the picturesquely situated village of Vachendorf 
(Post), 1 M. from Bergen station. 

731/2 M. Traonstein. — Hotels. *Pakk-Hotel Traunstkiner iioK, 
56 beds at 2-3'/2, pens. 6-10 J( ; •Railwat Hotel or Krone, R. from IV2 J(. 
In the town: "^Hot. Wispauee, 36 beds at 2-4'/!, pens. 5-7 Jf ; "Post, 
35 beds at 1V2-3, pens. 4V2-7Va U* ,• Wochingerbrad, bed V/t-V/^Jf; Sailer ; 
Traube; Auwirt, plain bat good. — Railway Restaurant. — Beer. Holl- 
brdn; Wochinger; Sailer. — *Kdranstalt Tralnstein, with saline, mud, 
and pine-cone baths, a hydropathic establishment, and large garden, 
80 beds at I'/z-^, pens. 6-10 Jf ; *Makiesbad and Bad Wimmer, with saline, 
mud, and other baths. — Swimming Bath., 1/2 M. to the 8. of the town. — 
Visitors'' Tax after 5 days' stay 3 J(, families 5 .//. 

Traunstein (1940'), a thriving place with 8080 inhab., on a slope 
above the Traun, is nimh frequented as a summer-resort. It con- 
tains monuments to King Max II. and Prince-Regent Lnitpold, a 
marble fountain of 152(^, and a historical museum of the Chiemgau. 
The extensive salt-works are situated in the suburb of Au, on the 
Traun; the brine evaporated here is conducted in pipes from 
Reichenhall (p. 97), a distance of 221/2 ^1- 

ExcDRsioNS. ' Wildbad Empfing. a well-appointed bath-establishment 
(pens, from 5 Jl; hydropathic), is charmingly situated on the left bank 
of the Traun. 3/4 M. to the N. — The WeinUife, 20 min. to the N.W., affords 
a fine view of the town and mountains ; more extensive from the 'Hoch- 
herg (2540'; inn). IV4 hr. to the S., or from the "Hochhorn (2540"), 2V2 hrs. to 
(he E., via Surrherg (marked paths to all). — The Teisenberg (4375'). via 
yeukirchen, in 4 hrs., see p. 99 — Local railway in 48 min. via Weib- 
hauten to (S M. to the N E ) Waging (1526' ^ Post), a prettily situated 
summer-resort near the Waginger See (liSO"). 

From Traunstein to Ruhpolding, 8 M., railway in 55 min., see p. 95. — 
From Siegsdorf to Adelholzen. Maria-Eck, etc., see p. 95. 

From Traunstein to Reicuenhall via Imelly 2IV2M. (railway in 26 min. 
to Siegsdorf and thence post-omnibus daily in i^/i hr. to Inzell). Beyond 
Inzell the road will repay the pedestrian also (Maps, pp. 88. 96). To (S'/z ^I-) 
Siegsdorf, see p. 95. The road now ascends tlie broad valley of the Rote 
Traun., via Molberting and Hammer, to (11 M.) Inzell (2275'; Post, good), 
a village in the bed of an ancient lake. (The footpath to this point via 
the Hochberg (see above) is much preferable ; it descends via St. Johann 
and Hammer^ with a fine view of the entire mountain -chain.] Various 
excursions may be made from Inzell : 3 M. to the E. is the forester's house 
of Adlgass (rfmts.), whence the Teisenberg (p 99) may be ascended in 
2 hrs., and the Zwiesel (5846') in 3V2-4 hrs. by a marked path, or direct in 
2V2-3 hrs. (laborious, for experts only ; see p. 99). The ascents of the Inzeller 
Kienberg (5565') and the Rauschberg (5^85*) are also interesting (3 hrs. from 
Inzell ; marked paths). — The road then passes between the Falkenstein on 
the left and the Kienberg on the right, and traverses the deep Weissbach- 
Tal, passing the village of Weissbach (2005'). Farther on the road ('Neu- 
weg') is carried along the rockv slope on the left, adjoining the salt-water 
conduit, to (16 M.) the •Mauthdusl (p. 99). Thence to (2IV2 M.) Reichenhall, 
see p. 99. 

Fbom Traunstein to Trostberg, 13 M., local railway in 1 hr. 5 min., 
through the pretty Trauntal, via Empfing (Wildbad Empfing, however, is 
more conveniently reached from Traunstein^ see above). 10 M. Stein an 

92 1.K.I8.' Mnp.p.SS. MARgi'ARTSTElN. 

der Traun (1780'; Brauhaus Inu). with the old caslle of the Torringe hewn 
in the ro.ks, was once the hold of the robber-knight Heinz von Stein 
(visit interesting; the sacristan acts as guide), and a now chateau of Count 
Arco-Zinneberp. II M. Altenmarkt^ a prettily situated village %vith the old 
convent of Baumburg (intere.' ting tombstones and gciod view). Thonce to 
Seeon, see p. 89. — 13 M. Trostbei'g an der Alz (several inns), in charming 
environs, is frp<im nted as a summer-resort (fine view from the SiegerU- 
Ilohe, 'A hr.). 

The Salzburg train crosses the Traun by a bridge 75' in height. 
To the S., above the lower heights, towers the vStaufTen, and farther 
on, the Untersberg and Watzniann. 77 M. Lauter. — 83 M. Teisen- 
dorf (i6r)0'; Wieningcr , Post, both good; Railway Restaurant), a 
sunuuer-resort. About I3/4 M. to the W. is the ruined castle of 
Raschenbenj. Ascent of the Teisenberg (o'/'i hrs.), see p. 90. 

901/2 M- Freilassing ( I08O'; *H6t. Fockerer, 60 beds at 13/4-2=^/4, 
pens. 5-10 ..//,• *Maffei, ^/^ M. from the station, bed 2-.'}, pens. 6- 
10 J/ ; Bayrischer Hof; Krone; Rieschen; Rail. Buffet), the junction 
of the lines on the S. to Keichenhall (p. 95) and on the N. to Miihl- 
dorf and Landshut (express trains from Berlin to Salzburg in 13V4- 
143/4 hrs.; via Gastein and Villach to Trieste in 23-24 hrs.). The 
train crosses the Saalach (the Austrian frontier); to the right is 
Schloss Klesheim; to the left, Maria-Plain (p. 124). The Salzach is 
then crossed; to the right towers the fortress of Hohen-Salzburg. 

95 M. Salzburg (custom-house examination), see p. 115. 

18. From Uebersee to Reit im Winkel and via Ruh- 
polding to Traunstein. 

Uaii.u.jiY from Munich to (64 M.) Uebersee in 2-4 hrs., and thence to 
(.0 M.) Marquart stein in V2 hr. Diligence from Marnuartstein to (B'/-.- M.) 
Ret/ itn Winkel, daily in summer in 2^/4 hrs. (1 ^U 60 pf). — From Reit 
to (15 ^I.) Rulipolding, carriage-road but no diligence; from Rcfhpolding 
to (8 51.) Traunsiein, railway in 55 minutes. 

Uebersee. see p. 90. The railway to Marquartstein leads to the 
S. through the broad valley of the Ache, past Mietenkam and Stau- 
dach (1755': Zum Hochgern), with cement-quarries. Staudach is the 
station for Grassau (*Post; Grassl), a summer-resort 1 M. to the W. 
— 5 M. Marquartstein (1780': *Hofwirt, with baths, 42 beds at 
174-- '^^i Prinz-Regent, Alpenrose^ both plain but good ; Pens. Villa 
Reglna\ picturesquely situated among woods, with a chateau of 
Baron Tautphujus. 

The Schnappen-Kapelle (3610' ; lV2-2hr8.), loftily situated on the Schnap- 
pen, a spur of the Hochgern, commands a fine view of the Chiemsee. — 
The *Hochgern (o7'20'), an excellent point of view, is ascended from Staudach 
via. the Staudacher Alp in S'A hrs., or (preferable) from Marquartsttin by a 
good path (fnbog:-'aning in winter) viat. Aggergschwend &vtdi Wia (3 hrs.) f^oc/i- 
gern-Haus on tlie Weit-Alm (4755'; *Inu) in 4 hrs. (see p. 91). — A pleasant 
route leads from Mari|uartstein or Staudach via the Schnappen-Kapelle, the 
Staudachr Alp, the Vorder Alp, and Ihe Hmter Alp. or via the Jochherg 
and Unchlau. to (0-6 hrs.) Rul.polding (p. 94). — The Hochplatte (o'205'), 
another fine point, is ascended from Marquartstein in 3-3V2 hvs., by a 
marked path via the chateau uf Medem/elt and the Flatten Alp. (Path from 

RKIT IM WrXKEL. Map, p.SS. — /. R. Is. 93 

the Hochplatte over the Piesenhauser Hoehalpe to the Steinling Alp on the 
Kampeuwand. 2 hrs.. p. 90.) 

From Marquartstein to Kossen, S'Ahis. The road (beyond Schleching 
scarcely snitable for carriages) follows the left bank of the Ache, passing 
RaitensiTid Metlrnham, to C2 hrs.) Schlechinff (1865'; Pott), pleasantly 
situated in a broad valley. On the N. rise the Hochplatte and Kampen- 
wand, W. the Geigelstein. S.W. the Breitenstein and Rudersburg. The 
attractive ascent of the "Geigelstein (Wechsel, 5930'; 4 hrs.; not dif.icult) 
is made via Ettenhausen. the Wnrsteiri Alp, and Wirts Alp; beautiful view 
of the Kaisei'-Gebirge and the Glockner group. The descent mav be made 
on the W. to (272 hr.s.) Walchsee (p. 218) or tj (2'/2 hrs.) Sachrdng (p. 90); 
or on the X. via ihz Aschentaler-Wande to the Dal sen Alp, and then either 
d(»wn to the left to Hainbach (p. 90) or ."traight on up to the Mo>laru Alp 
and the Kampenhohe (p. 89) and down to (41/2-5 hrs.) Aschau (p. 89) — The 
road now crosses the Ache. pa«se.> the Bavarian customs-station of Streic/ien 
(IV2M.). and enters *Pass Klobenstein (2000'), a magnificent gorge of the 
Ache (2V4 M. in length), in which it crosses the Tyrolese frontier. Beside 
the pilgrimage-chapel, near the end, is a suiall inn: below is the inter- 
esting Entenloch-Klamm. The road then descends to (3-74 M.) Kdssen (p. 218). 
- The walk frnin Marqnartstein to Klobenstein via Unter -Wessen (see 
below) and Achherg (continuous fine views) is preferable to the valjey- 
rnute. — Fmm Schleching via Streichen (see above I and the Kroaten-Steig 
to the TattbenSee (see below) and to Rett im Winkel, 4 hrs. (marked path). 

Peilestri:ins to Kelt ini Wiiikel will find it better to follow the 
sliady forest-path from the Ohere Forstamt at Marqnartstein almost 
to Ober- Wessen. — The carriage-road runs on the right bank of tlie 
Ache to (2 M.) Vnter- Wessen (1870'; Schafl'erer, 40 beds at 1, pens. 
4^/o-0 Jd, good; ascent of the Hochgern, see p. 92). It then leads 
to the S.E., via Dachsenberg (Bruckmeier), to (6 M.) Ober- Wessen 
(2135'; Friedlwirt; marked path to the Muser-Alpe. see below), and 
thence follows the narrow wooded valley passing the Hiller Ian 
(bathing-establishment) and skirting the Walmberg to (9'/2 ^0 Iteit 
im Winkel (2280'; Oberwirt or Post, 70 beds at 1-3, pens. Si/o- 
5V-2 J^^ Unterwirt, 29 beds at 1-1^2, pens, ^^f-i-^^/^ J(, both good), 
an inexpensive summer- resort, in a broad, picturesque valley. 
(Walkers from Ober-Wesseu save V2 ^'^- by turning to the right at 
the guide-post, ^/^ hr. beyond that village, via the Eck-Kapelle, 
see below.) 

Exct;B3ioNs To the (IV4 M.) Eck-Kapelle ('2855'), which aflFords a fine 
view of the valley, and thence to the right to (I/2 hr.) the top of the 
Walmberg (34^5*; view of the Chiemsee). Or we may turn to the left 
at the chapel, cross the hill through wood to the Glapfgtchwend (3105'), 
and return hy Biitibach (I'/zhr. to Eeit). — The ''Glocknerscfiau". ^4 hr. to 
the W. on the way to the Mciser-Alpe, beyond the heights of Glapf atuA 
Birnbach, commands a view of the Gross-Glockner. — The Moaer-Alpe 
(433<y ; 21/2 hrs ; marked path) affords a fine view of the Tauern ; descent to 
the (V2 hr.) Tauben-See (3735'; trout; inn in the vicinity) and thence to 
CIV2 hr.) Kofsen (n. 218), Schleching, or Ober-Wessen (see above). — The ascent 
of the Fellhom (5795'; 3V2-i hrs.; guide, not indispensable, i'h J() i-: 
easy. The route leads via Blindau, and then chiefly through wood to 
(3 hrs.) the EggenAlm (5555'; inn), whence we have a fine view. The 
broad summit of the Fellhom, covered with rhododendrons and c(tm- 
manding a superb panorama, is reached from the inn in 25 min. ; far 
below lies the Achen-Tal. Descent to (3 hrs.) Waidring, see p. 227; to the 
Seeyatterl (p. 94) via the Hemmersuppen Alp, 2 hrs., marked path. 

From lleit im Winkel to (4'/j M.) Kdisen. see p. 218 (carriage-road to 
Knfctein. p. 218). 

94 /. R.18.— Map,p.88. RUHPOLDING. 

From Reit over the Winkelmoos Alp to Unken (p. 164), 6-7 hr.«. From 
the (IVttr.) Seegatierl we ascend to the right by a marked cart-road along 
the right bank of the Durrenbach to the (1 Vz hr.) Winkelmooa Alp (3810' ; Jnn, 
plain but good), whence one route leads straight on via the Schneider 
Alp fp. 164) in the Fitchhach - Tal to (3V4 hrs.) i'nken, while another de- 
scends to the right (marshy at places ; guide advisable) to the (I'/* hr.) 
hunters' hut of Schtcarzberg and the Schwarzherg-Klamm (p. 164). Thence 
to Unken 2V2 hrs. (see p. 164). 

To RuHPOLDiNG (15 M.). The road leads through the wooded 
Weisslofer-Tal to the (41/2 M.) Seegatterl (inn), and thence past 
the Weit-See, Mittel-Set, and Loden-See to the (10 M.) Seehaus 
(2445'; Inn), on the charming little Forchen-See. 

The Seehauser Kienberg (5555') is ascended from the Seehaus via 
Brand Alp^ Ottertal, and Ilochkienberg Alp in 3V2 hrs., with guide (attrac- 
tive for climbers with steady heads; many chamois). The summit (Gurn- 
tca»d 5555', HSrndlwund 5530') commands an admirable view. The ascent 
may he made also from Ruhpolding via the Brand, Rotelmoos, and Hoch- 
kienberg Alp in 4V2 hrs. — The 'Diirrnbachhorn (5825'; 4 hrs., with 
guide, not difficult) is ascended from the Seegatterl via the Winkelmoo$ Alp 
and Dilrrnbach Alp. The descent may be made via Wildalm to the Staub- 
fall in the Heutal and through the Fischbach-Tal to Laubau, a fine round. 

The road then follows the See-Traun to (1-1 V2 M.) the hamlet 
of Laubau (2275'; rfmts. at the forester's ), at the confluence of the 
Fischhach and the Traun. 

A path (red marks), diverging to the right by a finger-post, ascends 
the narrow Fischbach-Tal to (IV2 hr.) the *Staubfall, precipitated from the 
Reiffelberg on the left, from a height of 575'. This fall is on the Austrian 
and Bavarian frontier (2905'). The path, which is rendered safe by an 
iron railing, leads behind the fall and past several other fine cascades of 
the Fischhach, to the (V4 hr.) Schneider Alp (3160') in the Uiikner Heutal 
(p. 164). Thence via Of 811 to Unken. \.^U hr. ; to the Schwarzberg-Klamm 
(guide advisable; see p. 164), i'/zhr. — Ascent of the *Sonntagshoyn (6435') 
from the Heutal, 21/2-3 hrs., see p. 164. 

The road crosses the Traun (below this point called the Weisse 
Traun), and leads past the (12 V2 M.) Fritz am Sand Inn and the 
hamlets of Fuchsau and Nieder- Vachenau to (15 M.) Bahpolding 
(2105'; Hot. Wittelsback, with garden, 60heds at 1-11.2- pens. SV:^- 
41/2 J^; Post, 36 beds at 1-1 V2 ^ i Neuwirt; Rail. Restaurant), a 
summer-resort, prettily situated at the influx of the Urschlauer 
Ache into the Traun. 

Excursions. To the S.W. to (!>/* M.) Mayergschwend (rfmts ), with 
swimming-baths, on the Brand road (see below); to the S.E. to the (IV4M.) 
Brandler (rfmts. •, fine view). — Through the Urschlau to Reit im Winkel, a 
pleasant walk of 6 hrs. The road leads by Brand (inn) to (2V2 hrs.) 
Urschlau (2)15'; inn), whence a footpath (marked) leads via the Klause 
and the marshy Rotelmoos Alp (2895') to (2 hrs.) the Seegatterl and to 
(1'/-' hr.) Keit im Winkel (p. 93). — Froin the Rotelmoos a marked path 
leads via th.; Jochberg Alp to (11/2 hr.) Unter - Wessen (p. 93; 4 hrs. from 
Ruhpolding). — A road leads from Ruhpolding to the E., by Zell. Aschenau, 
and the small Frosch-See. to (2 hrs.^ Imell (p. 91). A shorter route to 
the Mauthdusl (p. 99) is afVorded by the line forest-path diverging to the 
right at the Schmelz (rfmts.) and joining the road near (35 min.) the kilo- 
metre-stone 21.5. — The Rauschberg (5485'). may be ascended by a marked 
path via Hutzenau and the Rauschberg Alp (4 hrs., with guide; for adepts 
only); the ascent via Ried and the Kienberg- Salt el is easier (4V2 hrs.). — 
Ascent of the Hochfelln (5480'), via the Hochfelln Alp, 3'/t hrs., very attrac- 
tive (see p. 90). 


From Ruhpolding to TKAUNSTErs, 8 M., railway in 66 minutes, 
[The shady path skirting the brine -conduit on the right bank of 
the Traun as far as (2 hrs.) Siegsdorf is recommended to pedestrians.] 
The first station is (272 M.) Eisendrzt. — A^/i^l. Siegsdorf (^2010'; 
*Alte Post, with garden and baths; *ForelU, IS beds at ^Vl V4, pens. 
31/2-5 *^ i '^^^^ Po^^ '■ Ohtrwirt ; Pens. Bavaria, from 4 J^), at the 
confluence of the Weisse and Rote Traun, is a large village (1300 iu- 
hab.), frequented as a summer-resort. 

Excursions. A road leads to the VV. to (2 M.) the bath-; oi Adelholzen 
(p. 90). — To the top of the Hochherg (,25J0'-, p. 91), 1 hr. — Pleasant walk 
(road via the Scharhamberg) to (3 M.) Maria-Eck (2895'), a pilgrimage- 
charch and inn. with a fine view of the Chiemgau. A marked path leads 
thence round the Scheichenberg to the Hocherb Alp (3395') and on via, the 
Brunnling Alp to the (4 hrs.) top of the ' Hochfelln (p. 90). — The ascent 
of the Teisenberg {^316'), via Neukirchen fS brs. ; marked path), i.s remunera- 
tive ; descent to stat. Teisendorf (p. 92) or to Anger (p. 99). — .A road leads 
to the S. to Inzell and Reichenhall, p. 91. 

The railway now follows the left bank of the Traun , passing 
Traundorf and Haslach (Blank), to (8 M.) Traunstein (p. 91 ; the 
route via the Hochherg is preferable for pedestrians). 

19. From Munich to Reichenhall. 

100 31. Railway in 3i,'2-5V2 hrs. (fares 13 J^, 7 .// 70 pi., 5 Jl ; express 
15 ,#, 9 .M 70 pf., 6 .40- — FTom Salzburg to Reichenhall via Freilassing 
(13'/-.' M.), railway in 42-52 minutes. 

To (901/2 M.J Freilassing, see pp. 88-92. The line here diverges 
to the left and ascends the left bank of the Saalach ; on the left are 
the Gaisberg and Untersberg. From (92^2 M.) Hammerau (Kollerer's 
Restaurant) a shady path ascends the (2/4 hr.) Johannes -Hog el 
(inn ), from which a fine view is obtained. OT'/o M. Pidiny. To 
the right, near the village of Mauthausen, the ruin of Staujfeneck 
stands at the base of the abrupt Hochstanffen (p. 99). The train 
crosses the Saalach to — 

100 M. Beichenhall. — Hotels. 'Klkhaus Achselmannstein (PI. a; 
C. 3), with garden, open May Ist-Oct. 30th, 250 beds at 3Vr-10, B. i Jl 
4() pf., D. 3V2-5, S. 372, pens. lU-16 Jl; Gk.-Hot. Burkert (PI. b; C, 3), 
by the Knrpark. 220 beds at 3-10, B. l"/-.., D. 4, S. 3, pens. 10-17 Ji^,- ''Gk.- 
Hot. Panorama (PI. C; C, 3), live houses with park and fine view, 160 beds 
at 3-10, B. 11/4, D. 31/2, S. 2V2, pens. 9-20 UT; "H.jt. Central (PI. d; A, 2), 
Luitpold-Strasse, 90 beds at 2-5, pens. 9-12 u(f; •Deutsouer Kaiser (PI. e; 

B, 3), open May 15th-0ct. 1st, 16U beds at 3-5 Jt, with garden-restaurant 
and the de'pendance called the Goldner Lowe (the latter open in winter 
also, 54 beds at 2-3 uiT); ^Lcisenbad (PI. f; B, 3), 100 beds at 2-6, B. 1',.,, 
1). 8, pens. ii-i2 J( ; Lcdwigsbad (PI. g; B, 4), pens. (romQJf; Mirabell 
(PI. h;C, 2); Christiana (PI. x; B, 2); •Lilienbad (PI. i ; D, 1), at St. Zeno 
(p. 97), 90 beds, pens. 8-9 Jl: Bad Kirchberg (p. 97). — Post-Krone 
(PI. k; A, 4), Post-Sfrasse 2, 100 beds at 2-4 J( ; Hot. Habsburo (Pl. 1: 

C, 2), with a dependance ( Villa Stefanie) , near the station, R. 2V2-5, 
pens. 7-9 Jt ; Dedtsches Hacs (PI. m ; B, 4), Post-Strasse o2, 60 R. from 
£1/2 Jf; Hot. Bahnhof (PI. n; 0. 2), with two d^pendances ( Elxa aud 
Villa Lohengrin), R. from 3, pens, from 7 Jl ; Hbssischer Hof (PI. o; 
B, 4), Post-Strasse 20, R-V/^^y^, pens, from b Jl ; Mcnchner Hop (PI. p; 
B, 4), P.-st-Straase 21, R. 1V2-2, pens. 4-6 Jl ; Goldner Hihsch (PI. q; 

96 /. Houte 19. RETCHENHALL. 

H, 4), Ludwi?-Strasse 5, 33 beds at li/4-2V-2 J?, Burgkebrau fPl. r; A, i), 
WaagOasse 2, both uniiretpndinji but good; HotelGakni Trampedkller 
(PI. s; B, 3), corner of Ludwig-Sfrasse and Kaiser-PKtz, 11. IV2-2V2 J( ; 
ScuwARZER Adler (PI. t; B, 3, 4i, R. 1-2V-.' ►//, Plaue Traube(P1. u;B, 4), 
both plain; Hofwirt (PI. v; C, 2), at St. Zeno (p. 97), bed li/o Jt, plain 
but t;ood. — Hut. Bavaria (PI. w; A, 5), at the Reichenhall- Kirchberg 
station (p. 99), 28 beds at l'/2-2V4, pens. 5V2-6 J(. — 'Hot. am Forst, at 
Baijnsch-Omam (p. 98). — Apartments with or without pension may be 
had at numerous villas (a detailed list along with an illustrated prospectus 
and a p'an of the town may be obtained gratis from the Kuyal Baths' 
ConiTuissioner, Post-Strasse 19). 

Restaurants at all the hotels. Also, Ktirhaus; Hofbrdn (Thalfried); 
Tiroli (see below). — Cafes. Flora., Luitpold-Strasse; Wiener Cafi (Thai- 
fried), Bahnhuf-Strasse, near the Gradier-Park-, Koloniaden-Caft', I/ihissler, 
St- h iff man n, Ludwig-Strasae ^ Tivoli, above the Kurgarten Ae.hselmannsteiu ; 
yiedermci/er, prettily situated V^ M. to the N., in the direction of the 

Visitors' Tax (for a stay of more than a week) 15 J( (less in proportion 
for members of a family). — Bant) daily from 7 to 9 a.m. and on Mon.,Wed., 
ife Sat. from 4 to 6 p.m. in the Kurpark ; (m Sun. & Thurs. frf)m 4 to 
Ij p.m. in the Kurgarten Achselmannstein; on Taes. & Frid. at Kirchberg. 
— TuEATKK in the Kurhans. 

Baths (with inhalation and pneumatic cabinets) at the Dianabad(P]. K, ^), 
Elisenhad (PI. C 2), Hygieia (PI. P., 3), Katharinabad (Pi. C, 3), Kirchberg, 
Lilienbad (PI. i ; I), 1), Iiey/>er (PI. B, 4), Sains (PI. C, 2), Fiirslenbad (PI. 1J,2), 
Knrfiirstenbad (PI. A, 3), Thalfried (PI. H, 2), Wilhehnshad (PI. B,2), Wilcke 
(PI. B, 2), etc. Baths also at all the liotels and manv of the villas. Larger 
bath establishments are the Nordendbad (PI. A, 1, 2),- Kaiserbad (PI. e; 
H, 3), Maximilinnabad (PI. C, 3), Rosenhof (Pi. B, 3), Marienhad (PI. B. 3), 
and Giselabad (I'l. A, 2). — Medical gymnastics at the Parkvilla (PI. C, 2). 

Cabs. To or from the station bO pf., with two horses P/2 Jf ; to Kirch- 
berg 1 .,// 20 or 2 »^ 20 pf. — Longer drives (incl. return): to Grossgmain 
\ or TV/-.. J(; Mauthausl 8 or 131/2 J( ; Mautbausl and Schneizelreut 9 or 
15' '.i; Mauthiiu.'^l and Melleck 12 or I8V2; Kamsau and Kiinigs-See 19V2 or 
H2'/-..; Herchtesgaden via Hallthurm 13i/j or 22V2, via Hintersee 14V2 or 
24''.- Jl. Driver's fee per day I1/2 or 2y-^J/-, per half-day 1 or I1/2 Ji 

Post and Telegraph Office in the colonnade of the Kurhaus, in the 
Wittelsbacher-Platz, and at the railway-station (po.ste restante). — Money 
mav be changed at M. Orundners, Gradierhaus-Str. 2, and L. Braecfiier^s, 
Ludwig-Str. 20. 

Guides. Hans Boss; J. Brandniayer ; Jak. and J oh. Siixt; R. Jentsch; 
.fo/i. Sletler. 

English Church Service in summer. 

Reichenhall (_1540'j, a favourite watering-place on the Saalach 
(6500 inhab,), is picturesquely bounded on three sides by an amphi- 
theatre of mountains (from left to right: the Untersberg, Latten- 
Gebirge, Reiter-Alpe, Miilliierhorn, Ristfeichthorn, Sonntagshorn, 
Zwiesel, and Hochstauffen). 

From the Railway Station (PI. C, 1), opposite which is the new 
Centaur Fountain, the Bahnhof-Strasse leads to the S. to the Royal 
Kurgarten (PI. B, C, '3, 3), the rallying-point of visitors, with the 
Kurhaus^ the Oradier-Werk (evaporating- house) , a salt-water 
fountain, and the covered promenade and 'Trinkhalle' (band, see 
above). To the S.W. rises the Protestant Church (PI. B, 3), beside 
which is the Bismarck Fountain, by Th. Haf. To the E. of the Kur- 
garten is the Kurhaus Achselmannstein (p. 95), with a large garden 
and the Kurhaus colonnades (PI. C, S). — We proceed through the 
Ludwig-Strasse (PI. 6,3,4], with its numerous shops. In the 

Springs. REICHENHALL. I. Eoute 19. 97 

Turuer-Strasse, to the right, is the small Museum (PI. B, 4 ; open 
9- 12 & 2-5 on weekdays, 10-12 & 3-5 on Sun.j, with prehistoric 
and mediaeyal collections (adm. 25 c.) and a natural history collec- 
tion (adm. 25 c.) ; season-ticket 1 ^^. Behind the museum is the 
late-Gothic Church of St. Egidius (PI. B, 4). In the market-place, 
or Wittelsbacher-Platz (PI. B,4), is the Wittelsbach Fountain (1905). 
The large Salinen-Oebaude, or salt-work buildings (PI. B, 4, 5), in the 
Salinen-Strasse, contain in the centre the handsome Hauptbrunn- 
haus, or pump-house, and tlie springs, while on the right and left 
are the four 5urf/iaus«r ('boiling-houses', from 'sieden' ; comp. Engl, 
seethe, suds). Reichenhall is the central point of union of the four 
principal Bavarian salt-works, which are connected by conduits. 

The sources of the saline springs of Reichenhall, sixteen in number, 
are about SC below the surface of the soil, and are reached by a flight 
of 72 steps (shown every i/.' hr. from 9 12 and 3-6 daily; adm. 80 pf.). 
Two of them are so strongly impregnated (Karl-Theodor and Edelquelle, 
23V2 per cent) that they are at once conducted to the salt-pans. The 
water of the other springs is conducted to the Gradierhaus (p. 96), which 
is used exclusively for the purposes of the inhalation-cure. The purap- 
house cimtains the two huge wheels by which the pumps are worked. 
On the second floor is a Chapel in the Byzantine style, with stained-glass 
windows. In the court are two fountains adorned with statues of SS. 
Virgilius and Rupert. 

Quite to the S. of the town is the Parish Church of St. Nicholas 
(PI. A, 5), a beautifully restored editice in the Romanesque style, 
with frescoes by M. von Schwind. 

Near the station of Reichenhall- Kir«;hberg (p. 99), the hand- 
some Luitpold-BriJcke (PI. A, 5) crosses the Saalach to the *Kur' 
Hotel Bad Kirchberg (open May Ist-Oct. 1st, 100 beds at 2-4, B. 1, 
D. d^/2, S. 2, pens. 7-10 UJ?), with a shady garden. — At the bridge 
we may turn to the left and then ascend to the right to (10 min.) 
the Restauration am Schro/fen (view). 

Envikons. On the N. side of the town (about Vs M. from the rail, 
station) lies St. Zeno {Ho/wirt, with garden), once an Augustine mon- 
astery, of very ancient origin, but suppressed in 1803, and fitted up in 
1853 as a nunnery and school. (Pleasantest way to St. Zeno by the pro- 
menade at the foot of the Kirchholz, diverging to the right at the Maxi- 
miliansbad.) The church, originally Romanesque and recently restored, 
possesses a handsome portal of the 12th cent., an ancient font, and finely- 
carved choir-stalls. One of the pillars in the cloisters (12th cent.) bears 
an old marble relief of Charlemagne. — The Konigs-Weg, a winding path 
among the fine pines of the Kirchholz, begins behind the monastery and 
ascends gradually to ('/2 hr.j the Klosterho/ (iTdb' ; restaurant). Descent 
hence by the Eichen-AlUe and past the Moltke Oak to Reichenhall, 20 min. ; 
to Gross-Gmain, 20 minutes. 

Pleasant walk of 40 min. to O-ross-Omain. The route (footpath by 
the Tivoli caf^, or carriage-road past the Hotel Panorama and Langenfeld) 
crosses the hill, affording a line view. To the left, 5 min. higher (20 min. 
from Reichenhall) is the Schdne Aussicht, a villa near the terminus of the 
cable-railway (300 yds. long) ascending from the end of the Rinck-Str. 
(PI. D, 3) in 3 min. (30 pf. up, 20 pf. down). — The pleasant little village 
(1715'; Hdlel Untersberg, 100 beds at 1V4-3 Jf; Restaurant Kaiser Karl; 
Pens. Santa Maria or Hillebrand., with baths, 20 beds, pens. 3'/2-4 J() lies 
on the right bank of the Weissbach, just beyond the Austrian frontier. 
The rococo church contains four paintings by Rueland Frueauf (1499) and 

Baedeker's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 7 

98 I. R. 19. ~ Map, p. 96. KKTCHENHALI.. Environs. 

a Madunna. in artilicial stone, said to liave been executed by ArclibisUop 
Thimo of Salzburg (d. 1101). The picturesque ruined castle of Plain (popu- 
larly called SaUbiichsel ; with belvedere) lies IV* M- to the E. 

On the Berchtesgaden road. 2 31. to the E. of Reichenhall (by railway 
in 16 uiin., see p. 99; on foot in 26 min., via Langenfeld and the Schiller 
Promenade), is the prettily .'^ituafed village of Bayrisch - Gmain (1705'; 
Railway Hotel ; H6t. Alpgarten, 3 min from the station). About •/* M. from 
the station are the * H6tel- Pension am Font (ICO beds pens. 6'/y-l2 Ulf ), finely 
situated close to the forest; the Pent. Karolinenhof; and the Restaurant 
Alpental, at the entrance to the Alpgarten, a rocky gorge, which we may 
ascend as far as (10 min.) the 'Klause'. 

To the W. of the Gradier-Park (omn. to Nonu thrice daily, there and 
back 1 Jl), beyond the (2/3 M.) Nonner Sleg (bridge across the Saalach), 
extends ihtl^'onuer Wald., which is intersected by numerous paths. The 
most frequented leads strai-ht on (where it forks, we pass through the 
fence to the ri^ht) to (^A M.) Nonn (1590'; ^ Hotel - Restaurant Fuc/ts, with 
line view ; Restaurant Hohenstauffen), a village at the foot of the Hoch- 
stauffen, with an old church containing a Gothic *Altar of 1513. — The 
Strailach- Weg leads to the N.E. from Nonn to the Oh hr.) Stauffenhriicke 
at Piding (p. 95), where we may cross the Saalach in order to return to 
(40 min.) Reichenhall by the Salzburg road. The path to the left, just 
beyond the Nonner Steg, leads to (l'/2 M.) Bad Kirchberg (p. 97). Other 
paths lead past the 'Eichenronder and throutih the Weitwiesen to (2^/i^l.) 
the Kaill (see below); via Nonn or direct from the Nonner Steg, past the 
villas of Stautlenhof and Buchenhof. to the (lV-2 M.) Poschen-Mulde (restau- 
rant, with rooms), returning past the fish-breeding establishment to Kircb- 
terg, etc. — The Padinger Alpe (2170') may be reached in IV4 hr. by a 
zigzag path to the right from the Buchenhof-, on the top is a restaurant 
(splendid view of the Reichenhall valley). Tobogganing in winter. — The 
Listsee (2050' I, a small lake embosomed among woods at the foot of the 
Zwiesel, is reached by ascending beyond the Buchenhof, chiefly through 
wood, passing the (l'/* hr. ; cart-road .so far) Cafi-Rettuurant Listsee. Return- 
route by Langacker to [}li hr.) Bad Kirchberg (p. 97). 

The Molkenbauer (1625'; Restaurant)., on the left bank of the Saalach 
(cart-road), reached in ','2 hr.. affords a good view of the Saalach-Tal. The 
path (generally in shade ; driving allowed up the valley only) farther on 
follows the left bank to (IV2 hr.) Frohnau, and crosses the bridge to 
(20 min.) Jettenberg (p. Ill); we return by the right bank. — From the 
0/4 hr.) Restaurant am Schroffen (p. 97) a zigzag path ascends through wood 
and through the Tevfelshohle, to (3/4 hr.) the Kirchberg- Kan zel (view of 
Reichenhall). We then retrace our steps through the grotto, and take 
the path to the left to the Hintere Aussidit (Latten-Gebirge, Saalach Valley, 
etc.). — Tlie Kugelbachbauer (2110'; »/* ^'O, a farm (rfmts.) in a hollow 
on the Miillnerhorn (450U'). reached by a path ascending to the left at the 
dairy-farm 1/4 M. beyond Bad Kirchberg, commands a pretty view. About 
halfway up, a little to the right, is the ReischelKlamm, a rocky cleft, spanned 
by a bridge. — To (472 M.) Jettenberg and the Staubfall, and via the 
Schwarzbachwacht to Ramsau or Hintersee, see p. Ill; the omnibuses to the 
Mauthausl (see below) stop at Jettenberg on the return-journey to allow 
pas.sengers to visit the Staubfall. — On the road about IV2 BI. short of 
Jettenberg is the Baumgartner Inn (1675')., whence the Hochschlegel (5J35'), 
in the Latten-Gebirge, mav be ascended in 4 hrs., via the RStelbach Alp 
(8165') and the Schlegel Alp (4840'). 

» To THE Maothausl, 21/2 hrs. , a very attractive excursion (6M.; 
carr. with one horse 6, carr. and pair lO^jiJl; omnibus daily in summer 
at 2.30 p.m. from the Hotel Achselmannstein, returning via Schneizelreut 
and Jettenberg, return- fare 2V2 M). The road leads past Bad Kirchberg, 
the (IV2 M.) Kaitl (inn and swimming-baths), and the Moser Inn., and 
ascends a wooded ravine. About V2 M. farther on, by a mill on the left 
bank of the Seebach, is a flight of 277 steps ascending to the right to 
(20 min.) the Chapel of St. Pancras (1970') , commanding an extensive 
view. On the higher eminence facing it on the E. stands the ruin of 
Karlstein. About s/4 M. farther on (1 hr. from Reichenhall) we reach the 

Environs. REICHENHALL. Map,p.96. — I. R. 19. 99 

pretty Thumsee (1730'), -/s M. hng and '/< M. broad {Restaurant on the 
opposite b;ink ; ferry at tbe E. end 30 pf., at tbe middle of the lake 20 pf. ; 
the ferryman is summoned by shouting). The road ascends totheiVzhr.) 
pump-bouse of Nesselgvaben (2125'), with a fine retrospect of the Thum- 
see, and V< ^1- farther on divides. Tbe left branch descends abruptly to 
Schneizelreut (rtaclied more conveniently by the road via Jettenberg, see 
p. 165); while tt.e right branch (Neuueg) maintains its high level above 
the valley of tbe Weissbach (opposite rises the huge Ristfeichthorn •, to tbe 
S.E. the Reiter Alj e and the Watzit'ann), and reaches tbe (1/2 br.) •Maut- 
hausl (20T5'; Inn), in a must picturesque situation above the profound 
valley of the Weissbach. — A path (steady bead necessary) leads down to 
tbe Gorges of the Weissbach and past the Schvainbach Fall to (1 hr.) Schneizel- 
reut (p. lljo). — Beyond the Mauthiius! the road goes on. past ^yeissbach and 
Imelt. to Trauiist'ein (p. yi). — An attractive return-route to Eeichenhall 
from the Mauthiiusl leads through the Hdlleubach-Tal in 3 brs. 

Anger (1830'; Post; Pension Villa Peiter, 22 beds at 1-1V4 J(), a .sum- 
mer-resort 7 51. to tbe N.W. of Reichenlall, between the Hogellerg and 
Teisenberg, is reached l-y omniluis (thrice daily in summer) in lUj br., via 
Mauthausen (Post) and Avfham. Fine view from the church; pleasant walk 
to the (V2 hr.) BSgelicdrlher-See. — The Teisenberg (4375'). ascended from 
Anger in 3 hrs., is another fine point. Cart-road to (I'/j hr.) Kohlhausl, 
whence a shady path leads to the (l'/2hr.) Upper Stcisser Alp (4190*; rfmts. 
and 4 teds) and to (8 min.) the top. Descent to Siegsdorf {p. 95), Inzell 
(p. 91), or TeisendorJ (p. m). • 

Ascents. An admirable point of view near Reicbenball is the ^Zwiesel 
{5845'; 4 hrs.; easy bridle-path to the Zwiesel AJp; guide not indispen- 
sable), the \V. and' highest peak of the Slauffen-Gebirge. The route leads 
from the last house of Bad Kirchberg (direction-board) through the Weit- 
frjMe to C/j br.) the farm oi Lang acker (rfmts.). and thence ascends (yellow 
marks) thrtiugb wood; it turns to the right at {^l-i\\r.)\\ie. Angeil. leaving 
tlie path to tbe Listsee on the right, and ascends through fine wood to 
(2 hrs.) the Kaiser- Wilhelm- Hans (iuu in summer) on the Zuiesel Alp or 
Schtcaig Alp (4550'), 1 hr. below the summit. A shorter route leads from 
Reichenliall via the Listsee (p. iS). whence we reach the Zwiesel route 
through a cleft to the left, turning to the right at the (10 min.) guide- 
post (see p. 9"'). The sumiiiit (the highest peak is about Id min. to the 
N. of the cross) commands a magnificent 'View. — A steep path (blue 
marks, but guide advisable), 20 min. below the Zwiesel Alp, ascends to 
the Bartlinohd and thence a rock-path (wire-rope) ascends in 2V2 hrs. to 
the HocbataufFen or KreuzstaufFen (oSlO") , the E. peak of the Staurten- 
Gfcbirge, on which is a shelter-bnt. The ascent may be made from Reicben- 
ball via the Padingtr Alp (p. 98) in 3'/? hrs.; or from Piding (p. 95) via 
the Koch Alp in 4 hrs. (comi>. p. 91). 

From Reicbenball to Lof^r (motor-diligence in l'/-.' hr.), see p. 162. 

20. Berchtesgaden and Environs, 
a. From Keichenhall to Berchtesgaden. 

112/4 M. State Railway in 70 min. (fares 1 Jl 90, 1 Ji 31 90 pf.)i 
tickets are issued on board tbe trains. Express, with through- carriages, 
from Munich to Berchtesgaden, 105>;2 ^. in 3V2hrs. 

ReichenhalL (1540'), see p. 95. The railway skirts the W. 
side of the town to (1 M.) ReichenhalL- Kirchbery (1550'; p. 97) 
and then ascends to the left through the valley of the Weissbach 
(4: 100), commanding a glimpse of the Lofer Mts. on the right. — 
2 M. Gmain (1730') is the station for Kayrisch-Gmain and Gross- 
Gmain (pp. 97,98). The train then steadily ascends through wood, 
crosses the Weissbach, and reaches (41, 2 M.) Hallthurm (2275', • 

100 /. Route 20. SCIIELLENBERG. 

* Hot,- Pension Ilallthurm, R. from 2, board 5 Jf), a aummer-resort 
on the saddle between the Untersberg and the Latten-Gebirge. 
Thence to the Stcihrhaus, 4 hrs., see p. 108. — We then descend 
(2 : 100) through a wide green valley (in front, to the right, the 
Hochkalter, to the left the Watxraann) to (6^4 M.) Winkl and then 
skirt the Bischofswieser Ache^ which descends from the right. Beyond 
(8'/2 ^I.) Bischofsiciesen [2015'; p. 103) we traverse the wild Tristram 
Ravine (short tunnel) to the (11 M.) Omund-Briicke (1805'; p. 110), 
at the confluence of the Bischofswieser Ache with the Kamsauer 
Ache. — 113/4 M. Berchtesyaden (1770'). 

b. From Salzburg to Berchtesgaden. 

17 M. Electeio Trahw ay (Lokalhahn) and Bavarian State Railway in 
1 br. 10-1 hr. 20 min. (fares 2nd cl. 2 J? 30 pf., 3rd cl. 1 JSf 25 pf.). - Caeriagk 
to Berchtestcaden 10 or 16, with luggage 12 or ISA'.; to the Konigs-See 
and buck 17 or 2Q K. (visit to the salt-mines included in each case; the 
drive from Salzburg and back, with a visit to the salt-vs^orks, occupies 
8 hrs.). A supply of small change in German money will be found useful. 
— From Salzburg to Berchtesgaden via lieichenhall (25 M. in 2-2V4 hrs.), 
see above and p. 95. 

The Electric Tramway (p. 117) leads through the suburb of 
NonntaL and passes the stations Kommunal-Friedhnf (i.e. Cemet- 
ery) and KLeingmain, 82/4 M. Morzy (Zur Einod, with view) ; 
5 M. Hellbrunn (p. 123); 51/2 M. Anif (p. 123). Before (71/2 M.) 
Grodig (Brauerei Grodig; Lowe; Schnoll), at the foot of the Unters- 
berg (p. 124), it crosses the Aim Canal. On the hill to the right 
is the old chateau of Glaneck, behind which towers the pointed 
Hochstauffen (p. 99); on the left is the Schmittenstein (p. 126), 
resembling a castle. The line skirts the Aim Canal (cement-works) 
and reaches the station of (8 M.) St. Leonhard-Gartenau (1485'; 
Restaurant). On the hill to the left is Schloss Gartenau, above 
the prettily-situated village of St. Leonhard. 

From St. Leonhard we may ascend by a marked path, via Qutratberg^ 
to the top of the (I1/2 hr.) Gotschen (3050*), a good point of view. The 
descent may be made via Mehlweg (ascent of the Kleine barmstein, see p. 125) 
to the road from Zill to JJerchtesgiiden (comp. p. IQG). 

The railway ascends the valley of the Acho, passing the (8^/4 M. ) 
station of Drachenloch (restaurant), where, on the right, high up 
in the side of the Untersberg, is the curious opening called the 
Drachenloch ('dragon's hole'). Beyond a narrow defile we reach 
( 91/2 ^') liangender Stein (1490'), with the Austrian custom-house. 
The line pierces the projecting cliff known fts the Hangende Stein 
by means of a tunnel, skirts the left bank of the Ache, and then 
crosses the stream to (11 M.) Schellenberg (1570'; Forelle, R. 
1 J/ 20 pf.-2 Jf, good; Untersberg, Schafferwirt, both unpretend- 
ing), an ancient market - village (400 inhab,), with the Bavarian 
custom-house. — To the right, beyond (13 M.) AlmbachMamm (1660'; 
*Restaurant) , opens the picturesque Almbach - Klamm (p. 107). 
Near (13 M.) Reckenberg, at the inn Zur Gemse, a road to Hallein 


Practical NoUs. BERCHTESGADEN. /. Route 20. 101 

%ia Zill (p. 126) diverges to the left. On the right rises the pre- 
cipitous Oraue Wand. The valley now expands and we obtain a 
sudden view of the Grosse and Kleine Watzmann, separated by the 
Watzmann-Scharte, with the 'Watzmann-Kinder' and the glacier. 
We cross the Laros (p. 107) and the Ache, pass the GoUenbach- 
Brucke(jt. 103), and reach the station of (16 M.) Bergwerk, opposite 
the Salt Mine (p. 103). — IGV2 >1. Breitwiesen-Brvcke (p. 103). 

17 M. Berchtesgaden. — The IIau.way Station (ITTCy) is od tlie 
left bank of the Ache to the S.W. of the town, near the salt-works. The 
station of the Konigs-See Railway (p. 104) is on the right bank. Omni- 
buses of the larger hotels await the arrival of the trains i pedestrians 
.^ave time by ascending the steps beyond the station. 

Hotels. *Gbanp-H6tel and Edkhads (PI. a), in an open situation on the 
new Reichenhall road, open end of May to end of Sept., 110 beds from 3'/'j, 
B. 11/4, I>. 4, S. 2\'z- board 6'/;: Jl. — =Bellevue (PI. b), 130 beds at 2i/i-7, 
B. 11/4. D. 31/2, pens. 8-12 Jl, omn. GO pf. ; -Hot. Wittelsbach (PI. c), 
140 beds at I'/a-T, D. 3. pens. 7-16 jM; 'Hot. Pkinz-Regent, 80 beds, pens, 
from 1 Jf; *H6t. Leuthacs or Post (PL d), with verandah, 110 beds at 2-5 Jf, 
B. 80 pf., pens. 6-9, omn. '/z Jl ; *Vier Jaukeszeiten (Four Seasons; Pl. e), 
10 beds at 2-.5, B. 1, pens. Q- iO Jl ; *Df.dtsches Hacs (PI. f), 75 beds at 2-4, 
pens. 6^/2-SJl; Hot. Bahnhof (Pl.p). at the station, 65 beds at lV.i-2V'.', pens, 
QSJf, good ^ ScHWABENwiET (PI. h). near the station, on the right bank of the 
Ache, 70 beds at 1V2-2, pens. 6-8 UT; •Hot.-Pens. Eldokado (PI. n). finely 
^^ituated 1,1 M. higher up, 54 beds at I'/j-S- pens. Qy-rSJl. : Hot. Stiftskellek 
(PI. i), 50 beds at i'/s-S, pens. 5-7 »//, good, Kbone (PI. k), 100 beds at 
2 H, pens. 5-7 Jl, well spoken of, Batkischeb Hok (PI. 1), pens. 6-7 J/, 
*H6t -Pens. Bavaria (PI. o), 50 lH'd.% peu.^. 6-8 J/, these four in the Bahn- 
bof-Str.; Watzmann (PI. p), pen.«. Q-1 Jt ; Nechaus, Nonnthal, Bak, Hibscii, 
Triembacher, Zub KOmgsallee, Zum Salzberg. all plain. — Pensions 
(mostly open in summer only). Geigkk. 80 beds, pen". 7-10 Jl ; Vili a 
-VuGUSTE & Gmundschloss, pcns. from 10 Ji ; Villa Vogkltuenn, pens. 
H-10 J/,- Villa Floba; Pens. Scheiilek; Villa Berghof, pens. 6'^-"^ Jl ., 
MiNEBVA, with park, pens. 6-8 Ui?; Victoria, 60 beds. pens. 7-10 U(f; Villa 
Margebita, on the nev? Reichenhall r.- ad, 1 M. to the W., b^/z-SJl; Haus 
HiENLEiT. 7>'2-12 Jl ; Lditpold, 5-9 Jl: Schloss Fubstenstein. 6V2-8 ^ ., 
Pens. 3Iakia-Hilf. 6-10 Uif; SchOnsicht, on the Kalberstein (2360'). 7-8.^, 
well spoken of; Pens. Sch(3nfeldspitze, near the Rostwald ; Pens. & CafR 
Waldlcft, bQJl; Pens. <fe Cafe AlfenglOhkn, on tl^e way to the upper 
Salzberg, 6-8 Jl ; Guhlstein, 5-7 .^,- Pakk-Hotel, 60 beds, pens. 7-S A'., 
Pens. Erika, 6-8 Jl, Villa Franz Joskf, 5-6 Jl, Licutknfels, 51/2-6'/: »^, 
all four ou the Konigssee road. — At l<chonau (p. 104; l'/2-33/4 M. from the 
station): Hot.-Pens. Panorama, with cafe- restaurant and beautiful view, 
pens. 6-8 Jl ; %hweizer Pension, pens. 5-12 Ji ; Malteklehen, pens. 
6-10 Jl; llAua ScHoNECK, pens. 6-9 Jl ; Hofreit, pens. 5'/2-7 Jl , well 
spoken of: Hochwaldlehen, pens. 5-7 M; Geunstein, pens. 4'/:;-6 Jl- — 
On the Upper f<nlzherg (p. 106; 1-1'/- hr.): Pens. Haus Antenberg, 10-15 ..<S?; 
Pen.s. Moritz, 8-10 »*,• Villa Regina, 6-9 .*; Steiner 7-9^,- Buchenheim, 
7-9 .#, in Blay and June 5-6 U^; Waltenbekgebiieim, 7-9 Ui^. 

Cafes. ^Forstner. with rooms; Ca/c Wittelsbadi. Ma.xiniilian-Str., with 
view; Cafi Wenig , Nonntal, near the Rathans. B.-er at the Brdvs'iibl, 
Forsiner's (see above), the Krone, and Vier Jahreszeiten. — Vegetarian 
Retlanrant, Lockstein-Str. 162. 

Post Office near the station (poste rest;inte) and in the village. — In- 
fobmation through the Vcrschonerungs -Verein. Schlo.=s-Platz 2, beside the 
abbey-church. — Money may be changed at J/. Qrundners. 

Baths. Fresh and salt-water baths at most of the hotels and pensions ; 
Wilhelmtbad, Maximilian -Str. (also R. & B.); Gitelabad, Maximilii.n -Str. 
Swimming-baths at «he AschouerWeiher (p. 103), at the BiJckl-Weiher (p. 104), 
and near the landing-place at Konigssee (p. 105). 

102 /. Routf 20. BERCHTESGADEN. Practical Note.<. 

Carved Wares, for which Berchtesgaden has been famous for cen- 
turies, arc gold liy Sle/an and Paul Zecfimeisler, A. Kasever, Walch & Sons, 
Lorenz Wenig, Franz Orasd, and others. — Exhibition of the School of 
Carving in the Konig.'^seer-Str. (see below), daily 8-6; adm. free. 

Carriages. From the market-place or the station to any address within 
the market-district (Markt-Bczirk) of Berchtesgaden, one-horse cab 70 pf. 
per V* l^r-i two-horse 1 Jl 20 pf., each V^ lir. extra 50 pf. and 1 M. To 
the Konifjs-See and back, \vit!i stay of 3brs., one-horse carriage 8 UJf, two- 
horse 12 Ji (for each additional hour 1 uSf or I Jif 70 pf. more) ; to Almhttch- 
Klawm S J( and \2 Jf ■, to Vordereck (P^ns. Moritz), with two horses 12 Ji, 
ihcre and back [\ Jl : to Voi'derbrand, with two horses 14 , there and 
liaok 18 Jl ; to Jlsank 5'/2 and 8 Jl ; to Wimbach- Klamm and back 10 and 
14 H; to Rainsau and hack 13 and 21 Jl ; to the Hinlev^ee 10 and 16, 
there ond back 13 and 22 Jl; to Reichenf/all via Schwarzbachwacht 15 and 
23 .//, returnin;-' via Hallthurm, 18 and 27 Jl. Fees included, but tolls 
extra. — Electric Railway to the Konig.i-See, see p. 104 •, omnibus in '/« hr., 
1 ^il. — Motor Diligence to the Hintersee (Hot. Wartstein), 5-12 times 
daily in summer in i hr. (1 Jl 50 pf. ; to llsank nO, VVimbachklainm 80, 
Wamsau 90 pf.); also omnibus every morning from the Schwabenwirl in 
4 hrs., stopping 1 hr. at the Wimbachklamm, and returning in the after- 
noon in li/'2 br. (there and back 3'/2 Jl)- 

Guides. Andreas Amort, Andreas, Joh. rnirl Jos. Angerer, Georg Brand- 
lur, Mich, Eder. Lor. Ilasenhiopf, Jos. Huber, Matth. Kaslner. Joh. and Ant. 
Kurz. Joh. Moderegger, Franz and Jakob P/niir, Kaspar Rasp, Karl Schuater, 
dregor Triihenbacher, and Seb. Walch, at Berchtesgaden; Bartholomd Graf, 
/"hann Grassl. M. Siangassinger, Josf Ftgg, and Wolfgang Votz at Ileank ; 
^[ich. Amort, ificfi. and ^fax Brandner, Joh. and Kik. Moderegger, and 
(!<'org Funi at Konigs-See; Joh. Grill jun., aUa!^ Koderbacher, Jos. Aschauer. 
.\fich. Datzmann, Jos. and Ant. Grill, Jos. Gschossnuinn, Jot. Hafner, and 
Jos. Maltan, at Ramsau. 

English Church Service in summer. 

V^isnoKs' Tax, 25 pf. per day (maximum of b Jl); familie.-i loss in 

Berchtesgaden (1875'), a small town with 2830 inliab., occupies 
a cbarining situation and is a favourite resort both in summer and 
in winter. Down to 1803 it was the seat of an independent provostry, 
or ecclesiastical principality, the dominions of which were so moun- 
tainous and so limited in extent (165 sq.M.), that it was jestingly 
said to be as high as it was broad. The handsome old abbey is now 
a Royal Chateau. The Abbey Church, with a Romanesque nave and 
an elegant Gothic choir built about 1300, possesses a Romanesque 
bronze font, carved choir-stalls, and, in the cloisters, marble tombs 
of the Prince-Abbots of Berchtesgaden. In the midiTle of the town 
is the Post-Park with a barometer column and the reading-room 
(relief of the Berchtesgaden district by Franz Keil). The Luitpold- 
Hdin, to the S. of the town, in front of the royal villa, is embellished 
with a bronze Statue of Prince Luitpold, Regent of Bavaria. Fine 
view : to the left the Schwarzort, Uohe GoU, and Hohe Brett, in 
the background the Stulil-Gebirge and Schonfehlspitze, to the right 
the Kleine and Grosse Watzmann (between them the 'Watzmann- 
Kinder') and the IlochkaUer. — Near the station are the Salt Works. 
The Museum of Carving ( Schnitzer-Mustum) at the Schiessstatt- 
Briicke (p. 106) contains specimens of carving (open 8-1 and 
'2.30-7, free) and the collections of the local historical society 
(30 pf.). Opposite is the School of Carving (see above). 

Environs. BERCHTESGADEN. 7. Route 20. 103 

From the market-place the Bergwerks- Strasse descends to the 
Breitwiesen-Briicke across the Ache , whence the Bergwerks-Allee 
leads on the right bank in 20 min. to the Salt Mine (^1730'; dura- 
tion of visit l-li/4hr. ; small restaurant at the entrance). Local 
railway in 6 min., see p. 101. 

Tickets for the regular trips (daily, except at Whitsuntide, from 8.30- 
11.30 <t 2.30-5). 2 J( each; at other hours, from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m., in parties 
.tf 1-12, 2 J/ each and 3 ^U extra. The mine is lighted by electricity. 
The temperature is low (50° Fahr.)-, warm clothes de.<:iraMe (the miners' 
costumes oOered to visitors are not always clean). The mine is entered 
on foot, numerous flights of steps a.scended, and an occasional descent ac- 
complished by means of wooden slides inclined at an angle of 45" or more. 
Visitors are preceded by a miner, who acts as a drag and prevents the risk 
of a concu.ssion at the bottom of the slide. The 'Salz-See', illuminated by 
electricity, is traversed in a boat. The party then passes through several 
other chambers and galleries, the most interesting of which is the huge 
Kaiser-Franz chamber, now deserted. 

Visitors may return by the (5 min.) Gollenbach Bridge, wheiK'e 
the Salzburg road trosses the Oembach (to the left is the Muler- 
hilgel, a huge boulder commanding a charming view) and ascends 
through the straggling suburb of Xonntal to the (1 M.) market- 
place of Berchtesgaden. 

Kx<cRsioss. Tlie view from the Lockstein (2235'; '/2 br.) is finest 
by evening-light. We turn to the right by the abl>ey-church and ascend the 
Doktorbery by the old Reichenhall road; at the former hospital we turn to 
the right, again keeping to the right where the path divides at the Villa 
Wein/eld, and proceeding through wood to the restaurant. — A few hund- 
red paces before the old hospital, opposite the Villa Scheifler, a path 
to the left skirts the precipitous Kdlberstein by the 'Solenleitung', or brine 
conduit, past the Pension I'rUerfiirsUmtein to the ('A hr.) Kalvai'ienbtrg (fine 
view), and proceeds thence, passing above the royal villa, to the new 
Reichenhall road. Before reaching the Kalvarienberg we may take the 
Fiirstenstein road, to the right, and ascend to (10 min.) the Pention Schloss 
Fiirttenttein (formerly a summer-resort nf the abbots). Hence we may 
proceed to the right by the Konigs-Weg (see below), or return to the left 
by the road to Berchtesgaden. An interesting detour from the latter route 
leads via the Cafe Belvedere (fine view). 

Aniither pleasant excursion may be made to (V* br.) the Aschauer 
Weiher (2135'), with swimming and other baths, by taking a footpath 
diverging (10 min.) to the right from the old Reichenhall road behind the old 
hospital on the Doktorberg (see above) and leading through meadows past 
the (74 hr ) prettily-situated Ca/^ Rostalm (2060') and through the Rottwald ; 
or by following the road as far as the (' < hr.) Ro.*fhdiixl (2185'), and then 
proceeding to the right through the Rostwald About 1/4 M. to the E is the 
Restaurant Dietfeldknser — A pleasant return-route from the Rosthausl to 
Berchtes/aden is offered by the Konigs-Weg. which extends for l'/^ M. along 
the wooded slopes of the Kalbcrstein, and joins the <>)d Reichenhall road 
at the hospital; or we may go on ^s far as the (1/2 hr.) Pension Unterfiirsten- 
stein (see above). Another alternative is to follow the H<'rniann-8teig z\on^ the 
edge of the wood, to the S. from the Rosthausl, via the Ohere Eienleiten-Hohe 
(2295'), the Stockerlehm, and Villa Flora to the new Reichenhall road and 
(1 hr.) Berchtesgaden. 

A very pleasant walk may be taken to Bischofswiesen (p, 100) by fol- 
lowing the new or old Reicheuhall road to the (3 M.) Neuicirt (1/4 M. farther 
on, towards the station, the Brennerbaschi Inn). A fine return-route is by the 
'Maximilians-Keitweg, which is reached through meadows (marked path) 
in about 10 min. from the (5 min.) railway-station of Bischofswiesen, to the 
left. Thi.s bridle-path passe," through wood, on the slope of the Fnter.'^- 
berg, and ends at the (Ihr.) Scblosslbicbl (p. 104). The Kastenstein ('2456': 

104 I. H.'JO.- Maps, pp. 100,104. KONIGS-SEE. Environs 

'/a hr. from Bischofswiesen), to the left of the bej^inning of the M&ximilians- 
Reitweg, commands a fine view. 

Another excursion leads to the (1 hr.) BSckl-Weiher in the Sirub flSSffi 
baths), via the new Reichenball road as far as C/z hr.) Reito/en, then to 
the left via Vrbanlehen and across the Hischofswiescr Ache by the Bachinger- 
BrUcke (Tristram-Weg to ihe left; see helow). Rfmts. at the (1/2 hr.) pond 
(hence to the Bischof?^vie^■en station, 35 min.). We may return by the pictur- 
esque Trittratn-Weg, through the liOrge of the Bischofswieser Ache, to (1 hr.) 
Berchtesgaden ; or we may ascend the slope of the Silbevg, to the S., via 
SiUsenbrunn to the (3j min.) 'Boschberg (2290'; rfmts.) for the sake of the 
beautiful view, and de.^cend via Dachllehen to the ('/•-' hr.) Gmund - Briicke 
(p. 110) and to (1/4 hr.) Berchtesgaden. — Marked footpaths lead from the 
Boschberg via Vierradlehen to the (l'/4 hr.) Sijldenkopfl (p. 110) and (descent 
to the left.) to (V2 hr.) lltank (p. 110). 

The Schlosslbichl (3/4 hr. ; 2075'), an inn with a pretty view , at the 
mouth of the Gern- Tal^ is reached from Nonntal by the Hilgerberg. past 
the new hospital and the Rosenhof nursery ; or from the Dietfeldkascr 
past the Diel/eldhof in V4 br. ; in the vicinity are the Eizer-Schlossl and the 
Etzer-Miihle, with a waterfall. A road leads hence past the Restaurant and 
Pens. Kaiser Karl to (20 min.) the hamlet of Vorder-Gern (2390'; Jnn, plain), 
with the pilgrimage-church of Maria- em. About 1/4 M. above the church, 
near the ^eidenlehen . is a pavilion commanding a fine view. A path (marked) 
ascends to the right behind the school. From the (20 min.) fork the right 
briinch leads to the (8 min.) 'Marxen-IIo/ie (2565'), affording a splendid view of 
the Watzmann, Gtill, etc., and via Marxenlehen back to (1 hr.) Berchtesgaden, 
while the left branch leads to the (25 min.) Gasper I- Leh en, on the way to 
the Kneifelspit/e (p. 107). — At the foot of the sheer Untersberg (p. 1(8), 
72 hr. above Vorder-Gern, lies I/inter-6ern (2000'), whence a path (red marks) 
leads via the wooded ,Steinbichl (2685'), passing the Dilrrlehc», to the (3/4 hr.) 
There si enklause (p. 107). Hence we may return through the Almbach- Klamm 
(p. 107 •, to the Almbach-Klamm station, 1 hr.). 

Schdnau (1970-2130') is a scattered village on the plateau between the 
Kdnigsseer Ache and the Ramsauer Ache (pensions, see p. lOl). Charming 
views of the Hohe Giill, Brett, Kahlersberg, etc. A road leads from the 
Berchtesgaden railway- station past the chateau of Lvsfheim and (to the 
right at the tinger-post) to the (V4 hr.) Pension Panorama (2065') ; or we may 
follfiw the road straight on to the ('/2 hr.) Schweizer Pension (2000'), and 
(2 min.) the Kohlhiesl (cafe). Return hence via the Mooslehen to the Unter- 
stein road (see below ; I1/4 hr. to Berchtesgaden), or from the Pens. Panorama 
by the Stanger-Briicke to the Ramsau road (IV2 hr. to Berchtesgaden). 

To THE Konigs-Ske, electric railway 22 times daily in 18 min. 
(50, 30 pF.), starting 2 min. from the main railway-station. The 
line runs along the left bank of the Konigseer Ache to the Wemholz 
(see below), crosses to the right bank, and proceeds via (2 M.) 
Unterstein (see below) to (3 M.) Konigssee. 

The Road (carr., see p. 102; omnibus in V'^hr., 1 .//) crosses the Ache 
DPar the station tiy the Adelgnnden - Briicke, skirts ihe Wemholz, and then 
(20 min.) forks. The state-road, to the left, proceeds at the same level ; the 
district-road, to the right, runs via the Schwob- Briicke and past Unterstein 
<inn), with a chateau and park of Count Arco. The roads unite again about 
Vs M. from the lake. -— The footpath leading from the stntion up the Ache 
to (IV4 hr ) Konigssee has suffered from the construction of the railway 
and is now hardly to be recommended. 

The clear, dark-green **K6nigs-See (1976'), or Lake of St. Bar- 
tholomew^ 5 M. long and 1/2-I ^1- broad, is the gem of this district 
and the most beautiful lake in (Germany, vying in grandeur with 
those of Switzerland and Italy. Some of the surrounding mountains, 
which rise almost perpendicularly from the water, are 6560' in 

nint^sp"''''"'"'" ^^ 


ofBtrchtesgaden. OBERSEE, Maps,pp. 100,104.-1. E. "20. 105 

height above the lake. At the N. end lies the village of Konigssee 
(Zum Konigssee. 60 beds at 1^/2-3 Jf ; Zum Sckiffmeister^ 40 beds 
at l^/o— iui^; Altes Seexcirtshaus, unpretending). 

A path on the y.E. bank of the lake, affording fine views, leads to the 
0/2 hr.) ifalerwinkel . — A splendid view of the entire lake is obtained from 
the CA hr.) Rahenwand (2985'). The path (red marks) ascends to the right 
at the Loteenstein, a large boulder, 4 min. to the N. of the landing-stage, 
and threads its way among rocky debris. 

Motor Launches 10 times dailv to ('/; hr.) St. Bartholoma (1 Jf) and to 
(3/4 hr.) the Sallet Alp (I Jl 30, there and back 2 UT 60 pf.). — Rowing 
Boats, recommended when time allows (to the Sallet Alp, I1/2 hr.), are 
obtained from the 'Schiffmeister'. Small boat with two rowers (1-4 pers.) 
to St. Bartholoma i'/c, to the Sallet Alp 7'/? J( ; with three rowers (7 pers.) 
V/i and 12 Jf. Regular trips round the lake are made 6 or 7 times daily 
in large covered boats (fare t<i the Sallet Alp and back IV2 J( each pers.). 
The mo.«t favourable light is in the early morning or late in the afternoon. 

Lakb Voyage. To the left, on a promontory, is the Villa Beust ; 
in the lake lies the islet of Christlieger, with a statue of St. John 
Nepomuk. The boat passes the Falkenstein , a rock with a cross 
commemorating the wreck of a boat with a party of pilgrims in 1742. 
The lake now becomes visible in its entire extent; in the back- 
ground rise the Sagereckwand, the Griinsee-Tauem^ and the Funten- 
see-Tauern^ and adjoining them on the right the Schonfeldspitze 
(p. 109). On the E. bank the Konigsbach (insignificant in July 
and AugQst) falls over a red cliff (about 2526') into the lake. 
A little farther on, at the deepest part of the lake (615'), a long, 
reverberating echo is awakened by a pistol tired in the direction of 
the Brentenictand (50 pf.). In the vicinity, on the E, bank, not 
far from the Kessel Fall, is a cavern on a level with the water, 
called the Kuchler Loch, from which a streamlet enters the lake 
(comp. p. 127). The boat touches at the Kessel, a wooded pro- 
montory on the E. bank, whence a good path ascends to the (10 min.) 
pretty waterfall of the Kesselbach (bridle-path to the Gotzen Alp, 
see p. 106). The boat now proceeds to the S.W. to St. Bartholoma, 
a green promontory, with a chapel and a hunting-chateau. At the 
restaurant kept by the forester good salmon-trout (Salmo salvelinus, 
Ger. Saibling) may be obtained. 

The Chapel of 8S. John and Paul, 3/4 W. from the inn, attracts nu- 
merous pilgrims on the festival of St. Bartholomew (24th Aug.), when the 
surrounding heights are lighted up with bou/ires. — The Eis-Kapelle, a 
kind of glacier in a wild gnlly between the Hachelwand and theWatzmann, 
2850* only above the sea-level, hardly merits a visit (there and back l'/2-2 
hrs., with guide; fatiguing path, not advisable in warm weather). 

At the S.W. end of the lake the Schrainbach is precipitated into 
it from a rocky gorge (ascent to the Steinerne Meer, see p. 109). The 
Sallet Alp, a poor pasture V2 M. in breadth and strewn with moss- 
grown rocks, with a chalet of the Duke of Meiningen, separates 
the Konigs-See from the beautiful **0ber8ee (2005'), a lake IV4 M. 
long, enclosed on three sides by lofty precipices of limestone. To 
the left rises the sheer Tahvand ; beyond it tower the Teufelshbmer 
(7745'), from which a brook descends over the Rbtwand in several 

106 l.lir2U.-Maps,pp.lO(f,lOt. VORDEHBRAND. Enviromof 

arms from a lieight of ca. 1640'. On the E. bank is the Fischunkel 
Alp, to which a narrow path (^not recommended) leads on the S. 
bank in '/2 hr. Boating prohibited, — A good survey of the impos- 
ing Watzmann is obtained in returning. 

From the Kessel (p. 105) a bridle.-path in lout; windings ascends to tin 
(3'/2 brs. ; guide, unnecessary, ;') ^) Gotzen Alp (5530'). It passes the 
(I'/'j hr.) Gotzcntul Alp (rJ625') and ascends to the ri;.'ht via (1 hr.) Seeaii 
(1795') to a shrine (5370') H( re vvc, take the ]iatli to tlic ri^jht (that to tlie 
loft leads to the Regen Alp) and in 3/< 't- "e reach the Gotzen Alp, with tliroc 
chalets, occupied in niidsumnior only (rustic iiuarters, with 5 beds, in the 
Springel Hut). Maf^nificent view, especially I'rom the Warteck (570.7), 10 min. 
to tiie N.W. From the (V4 hr.) Feiierpal/en (5710'). on the brink of the 
rock lower down (caution required), the lake and St. Bartholoniii arc visible 
3:300' below us. Descent to the (2 hrs.) Kesscl, w^here a bout (previously 
ordered) should be in waitinj;; or we uiav proceed from tlio (l'/2 hr.) 
Got/ental Alp t.) the ri^^ht to the (V-i hr.) A^/)mV7.'.-6af/< .4//) (3910'), then cross 
the Koni<:shach, and descend to the left, following the Hochhahn, to the 
village of (I'/z hr.; Kouigssee; or continue along the bills by the Konigsvceg 
to (I'/j hrs.) Vorderbrand (see below). 

Fko.m the Gotzkn Alp to thk Sallkt Alp, 4-5 hrs., laborious, for 
adej.ts only (guide 8 Uf?)- The route leads past the Regen Alp and the Landtal 
Alp and descends the steep Rdtsteig to the Fisc/iunkel Alp (see above). 

Fkom thk Konius-See to Gulling (8 hrs. ; guide UJ Jf, not indispens- 
able). Marked path by the Konigshach Alp (3910') and Konigxhcrg Alp (5100'; 
whence the Jenner may be ascended in 1 hr.. comp. p. 108) and (3Vr4 hrs.) 
the Torrencr Joch (5Gfi5'), between the Sdineibslein (p. 103; 2 hrs. from the 
Jorh) and \\\c Hohe Brett; descent to the Upper -awA Lower Jocli Alp and to 
Ihi' Jock Falls, wh'^nce a carriage -road runs via the Alpicinhel Alp to the 
hunting-lodge in the Blilntau-Tal and fo (4 hr.^.) Galling (p. 126).^ 

To THE I!a.msai; a road leads direct from the Konigs-8ee via Schonau 
(p. 104) to (4'/2 M.) llsank (p. HO). A somewhat longer route leads through 
the woods to the left from Schonau. at the base of the Griinstein (p. lOT) 
to the Hammerstiel Inn (p. 108). Tlience we may proceed either to the right 
to Ilsank. or to the left to the Winibach-Klamm (p. 110). 

The Obere Salzberg ('2955-32!;0' ; to Pens. Moritz or Hintereck, IV2 hr. ; 
carr. and pair 12 Jt) maybe reached by crossing the Ache by the Schiess- 
xtiitl-Briicke, and proceediui bv a road, khaded the greater part of the way, 
past the Ca/<f A: Pens. Alpengliih'en (2230'), the Caf6 & Pens. Bi/c/ienheim (2725'), 
and (1 lir.) the Pens, d- Restaurant Sleiner (21W). Beyond this point the 
road divides, the ri;iht branch leading to the Pens. Ilnus Antenberg (3020') 
and tlie Oh '"'•) Pens. & Restaurant Moritz (3135'); the left ascending past the 
Peni. Regina to the (V2 hr.) Hintereck Inn (3050'). The pensions on the Upper 
Salzberij (oump. p. lUl) arc much frequented as health-resorts. Good tobog- 
ganing in winter. — An interesting path (red marks) leads from Pension 
Moritz through wood to the (l'/'.' hr.) Scharilzkehl Alp and (1 hr.) Vorder- 
brand (see below). — From Pension Moritz to Hintereck 10 min. (see above); 
thence a road to the left leads through the Resten to (IV4 hr.) Au (p. 107), 
and a marked path to the right to the (21/2 hrs.) Purtschdler-Haus (p. 109). 
From Pension Moritz the attractive ascent of the Gohlstein or Kehlstein 
(()015'), a N.W. simr of the Hohe Goll, may be made in 3 hrs. by a path 
(red marks) via the U7itere and Obere Kehl Alp (guide 5 Jl, not indispensable 
f'lr e.xpert.s). RossfelJ, see j). 103; Hohe Goll, see p. 109. 

-Vorderbrand (6 51.). The road (tobogganing in winter) diverges to the 
left from the Konigs-See road near the (V2 M.) Park Hotel and ascends, 
afl'ording a succession of charming views, past the Cafe Waldruh to (5V2 M.) 
Vord.rbrand {'iX'&y ; Inn, pens. i\-^% Jl)^ at the mouth of the. Alpel-Tal, dc- 
8i;ending from the Hohe Gcill. Thence in 20 min. to the lop of the Brandkopf 
(3795'), which affords a magnificent view. From Vorderbrand to the irav<««r- 
fall Alp (4215'), 3/4 br. ; to Konigi-See (p. 10')), 1-1 V* hr. ; to the Gotzen Alp 
(see above), 3V2 ^ hrs.; to the Torrener Joch (sec above), 2V2 hrs. 

Scharitzkehl Alp (2-21/2 brs. ; guide, unnecessary, 3, donkey and atten- 

/>'tro.'i/c.s(/arf«?. ALVIBACU-KLAMM. Maps^pp.lO(JJ()4.-l. R.-20. 107 

dant 10 J(). Crossing the Schiessstatt-Brucke (p. 102) we ascend <Le Heizog- 
berg to the right, from the Obere Salzberg route, passing the Kalte Keller^ 
a deep rocky cleft in wild surroundings (pretty path hence via the Ottenhdhe, 
a tine point of view, to the Koniga-See road); or crossing the Adelgunden- 
Briicke (p. 104) we turn to the left from the Konigs-See road and ascend to 
the right b-jtween the Schwabenwirt and the Villa Branduer, and pass the 
Waldhdusl. The two routes unite near the iSr/nedJ^Afn. Or we may follow 
the road lo Vorderbrand for about 3 31. and then take Ihe marked path tn 
tlie left via tlie Spinnerlehen; or we may fnllnw this road farther, to a point 
10 min. short of the inn (p. 106), then, diverging to the left ((inger- post), 
proceed past the Briiggenlehen (charming view) through wood to (35 min.) 
Scharitzkehl. The Alp (3360': rfmts.) lies in an extensive meadow, sur- 
rounded by tree?, in an imposing mountain -setting. About 1 - II/4 hr. 
farther up is the Endstal, a desolate valley at the W. base of the Hohe 
Goll, containing rockv debris and patches of "snow. — From the Scharitzkehl 
Alp to Pens. Morit: I'/i hr. (see p. 106). 

The -Almbach-Klamm, a picturestjue gorge through which the Alinbtich 
descends in cascades from the Untersberg, is an interesting object ff>r an 
excursion. Railway to Ahnhachklamm station in 27 min., see p. 100. — We 
proceed hence fo the Almbachklamm Hotel in V2 ^r- ^7 ^h- Sal/burg 
road, which leads past the f I M.) GoUenhach BHdge (p. 103) on the ritiht, and 
crosses the Ache by the (1 M.) Freimann-Briicke ( laro-wacht Inn, very fair). 
Fine retrospective view of tlie Watzmann. Tlie valley contracts; at the 
Lnrotuacht {f-f^id below) the Larosbach is en ssed. We diverge to the left to 
(5 min.) a bridge over the Ache, descend the left bank for 5 min., and near 
the Restaurant Ktigelmiihl cross the Almbach fadm. 30 pf.) and ascend on the 
left side of tlie gorge. The *i*ionter- U'cgr, with wire -ropes or railings at 
all dizzy points, leads throu.;h the gorge, passing the picturesque Sulzer/all 
(refuge-hut), to the (l'/4 hr.) Theresienklause ('JH35'), a massive stone dam 
constructed for the floating of timber. A L^ood path a-cends to the left be- 
fore the dam to Hinier-Gt-rn (p. 104) and the (1 hr.) church of Maria-Gt-rn 
(inn; see p. 104). Another paih ascends steeply to the right to the (3/4 hr.) 
pilgrimage-church of Ettenberg (2730'; rfmts.), whence the Gaiterl-Weg de- 
scends to the (V2 hr.) Kugelmiihle (see above). 

Au (1^4 hr.). We follow the Salzburg road (or the shady KUnigs- 
AUde, Grst on the loft, then on the right bank of the Ache) to the (I hr.) 
Larosuincht (an old tollhouse). Thence we ascend to the right (red marks), 
passing ("iO min.) a chapel (charming view), to (20 min.) the .4« /n« (2295'). 
in a beautiful situation. Thence to the DUrnberg (p. 125), I hr. ; to Zill (p. 126), 
I hr. ; to Hinlereck via Resten (p. 1U6). I'/o hr. — The route via the Laros 
Water Conduit (red marks) is less attractive. P'rom the salt-mine we pro- 
ceed via the Mousbichl (''4 hr.) and skirt the slope of the Salzberg, passing 
through two tunnels; then from the end of the conduit we ascend the 
ravine of the Larosbach, to the left, to (l'/^ hr.) Au. — Mehltceg and the 
-Kleine Bnrmatein, see p. 125. 

MoCNTAix ExccKSioNS. — The *Kneifel3pitze (3900'; Vh hrs.) com- 
mands an excellent view (marked path; guide, unnecessary, 4 ^<(f). We either 
proceed via Gem (p. 104; the easiest route), or diverge to the left from the 
Salzburg road beyond the Gernbach and ascend past Villa Aldefeld, Kropf- 
leiten, and Freiglehen to the (t'/a hr.) Ga.<perl-Lefien (2970'), and fo (8/4 hr.) 
the top, with a small refuge-hut (view of Sal/burg 10 min. to the E.). — The 
*Tote Hann (4565': easy and attractive; guide, unnecessary, b ^4t)., a spur 
of the Latten-Gebh-ge^ may be ascended from Bischofswiesen (p! 103) in 2-'/4 hrs. 
by crossing the Bischofswieser Ache at the station and following the red- 
marked path (to the left when it forks) thence through wood to the top, 
on v.hich is the open Bezold Butte (fine view). Descent to the S.E. in 'U hr. 
to the Soldenkopfl (p. 110), and to (1/2 hr.) Jhank, bv a marked path ; or to 
the S.W. via Sehicarzeck to (1 hr.) the Zipfhausl (p. HO). 

The Griinstein (4280*) is a laborious ascent (41/2 hrs., with guide). From 
(I'/* hr.) the Peris. Hofreit (p. 101) a marked path lead.-- to the right, mainly 
through wood, along the Klingeruand (steep) to the (3 hrs.) top (view of the 
Watzmann, etc.). We may descend to the N.W. to the (I'/j hr) Eammerstiel 
Inn (p. 108) and (V* hr.) Jltank (p. 110). 

108 I. n.J<K-Maps,pp.WJ,rJ4. WATZMANN. Environs 

The RoBsfeld {HennenkSpfl 5085', Ahombuchsen 5265'), 4-4V2 hrs. (guide 
not indispensable), is an attractive excursion (comp. p. 126). We either 
ascend froni the (IV2 hr.) Au Inn (p, 107) via the Battel in the wooded Latten- 
Graben to the (IV2 hr.) Pechh&utl (p. 126) and via the (1 hr.) Ross/eld Alp 
(4795'; rfmts.) to the (V2 hr.) grassy summit of the HennenkSpfl (5086'); 
or from (3 hrs.) the Ecker- Satf-l (p. 109) we ascend to the left; at the 
(V* hr.) bifurcation the path to the left leads to (12 min.) the Upper Ah orn 
Alp (5005'; rfmts.), while that to the right ascends to the (20 min.) summit 
of the -Ahornbucfisen (5265'; splendid view). Thence via the Hahnenkamm 
and the HennenkSpfl to the (^/j hr.) Rossfeld Alp and to (2 hrs.) Ati. see p. 107. 

Ascent of the 'Jenner (6150'), from Vorderlrand viil the Mitterkaser Alp 
in 3 hrs. (guide 5 M), or from Konigs-See by the Konigsherg Alp (p. 106) 
in 41/2 hrs., easy and attractive. — Ascent of the Hohe Brett (7670'), from 
Vorderbrand via the Mitterkaser Alp and the Bretlgabel in 4 hrs. , or from 
the (3V2 hrs.) Torrener Joch (p. 1C6) in IV2-2 hrs., fatiguing: (guide 7 J()-^ edel- 
weiss abundant. — The Schneibstein (7460') maybe ascended from (2 hrs.) 
Vorderbrand in 4 hrs. (guide 8^), ylii ifiiterkoser and the Konigsberg Alp 
(p. 106); attractive and not difficult (rich flora). — The Kahlersberg (7710') 
is ascended from the Ootzen Alp (p. 106) via the Regen Alp and through the 
Landtfil in 4 hrs. (fatiguing; guide ii Jt ; magnificent view). 

The *Uiiitersberg (61'(5': attractive) may be ascended in 51/2 hrs. (guide 
8 Jl, not indispensable for adepts). A marked path skirts the Aschauer 
Wether (p. 103) to (1 hr.) Ober-Aschau (2230'), crosses the stream at the 
waterfall, and ascends to the right through wood on the slope of the 
Uaulie Kopfe to (IV2 hr.) the Kalte Brunrcn (spring), whence the 'Stohr- 
Weg' runs along the foot of the Almbachwand. finally in zigzags, to the 
(IV2 hr.) Leiterl Pass (5255')- <»i- fr'mi (2 hrs.) Ilivter-Gcrn (p. lO'i) we 
may ascend to the left at the Schwaigerlehen and beyond the Holzen- 
lehen pass through wood to the Kalte Brunnen (see above; 2 hrs. to the 
Leiterl). From the Leiterl the path leads to the right on the W. side of 
the ridge (below, on the left, the Zehn Kaser, see below) 10 the (V4 hr.) 
Sidhr-Havs (5885'; Inn, 17 beds at 3 Jl 40 pf. and 18 mattresses at 2 J'/), 
beside the (Joldbriinnl (good spring), and then ascends p:ist the MUtags- 
loch (cavern) to (25 min.) the *Berchtesgadener Hochthron (6475'), the 
highest summit of the Untersberg, commanding a magnificent and ex- 
tensive view (panorama by Baumgartner). The route thence across the 
Weitscharte (Mittagscharte, * 5475') to the Salzburger Eochthron (p. 124) is 
toilsome (3-31/2 hrs. with guide, 10 J/)- — From the HalUhurm Pass 
(p. 99) a path (red marks) leads via the Zehn Kaser Alp (5U55') to the 
(4 hrs.) Stohr-Haus. 

The ascent of the *"Watzmann, the highest mountain of the Berchtes- 
gadcn Aljis {Ilocheck 8705', Central Peak 8900', Southern Peak 890U'), may be 
accomplished in 7 8 hrs. from Bcrchtesgadcn, with guide (to the Ilocheck 
10 J(, to the middle peak 12 Ji, via the middle and southern peaks into 
the Wimbach-Tal 20 Jl), and is not difficult as fiir as the Hothcck. At 
(l'/4 hr.) IJsank (p. 110; finper-post) we cross the bridge (1895') and ascend 
by a good marked path to the (20 min.) Hammerstiel Inn (25tO'). The path 
then describes a wide curve into the Schapbach-Tal, and ascends the siream 
to (1 hr.) a woodman's hut (32S0'), and mounts lo the right through 
wood to the (1/2 hr.) junction (if (he path from Ramsan via tlic Stuben 
Alp and to the ('/2 hr.) shooter's Imt u^ Mitterkaser (4460'; beer; fine view). 
Thence a good path ascends to the (3/4 hr.) Falz Alp (5395'), where it is 
joined on the left by the path from the Kiinigs-See via the Herrenroini 
Alp and the Kiihroint Alp (4-4V2 hrs. ; not recommended), and proceeds 
to the (50 min.) Watzmann-[Iaus on ih^ Falzkopfl. {^20' •, Inn, 16 beds at 3'/4, 
and 23 mattre.'-ses at 2 Jl ; telephone to IlsanU), commanding a fine view. 
Thence we ascend by a club-path over the Watzmann-Angcr and then, 
after a short steep passage (iron pegs), chiefly over debris along the arete 
to the (2 hrs.) Watcmann-Horheck (8705'), on which is a shelter-hut. The 
View embraces the Tauern (Gross-Glockner not visible) to the S., the 
vast Bavarian plain, the entire Salzkammergut and district of Berchtes- 
gaden, with the Wimbach - Tal below, and the Konigs-See and Obersee 
to the E. — From the Hocheck a path, facilitated by wire -ropes and 

ofBerchtesgaden. HOHE GOLL. Maps,pp.l04,154.— LR.20. 109 

stepa (steady head indispensable), leads along the jagged arete in Yz br. 
to the top of the Central Peak ^900'), on which is an iron cross. The 
'Panorama from this point is still more extensive. The ascent of the 
Southei'n Peak, or SchSnfeldspitze (8900"), from the central peak iu ^jt-i br., 
and the descent (not marked) to the (3 hrs.) Gries Alp (p. 110) in the 
Wimbach-Tal are suitable for experts only, with guide. 

The ascent nf the ^Hohe G611 (8275'), in 7 hrs. from Berchtesgaden (guide 
12 UIO5 is very interesting and not difficult for experienced climbers. A 
marked path ascends via (I1/2 br.) Uinteveck (p. 106) to the (IV2 br.) Ecker- 
Sattel (4«40'), and to the ri^bt to the (1 br.) Purtscheller-Haxu on the Ecker- 
first (5805'; Inn, 14 beds at 3 A'. 40 h. and 13 mattresses at 2 A'.); thence a 
somewhat steep path mounts over the Gollleiten to the (2'/-.'-3 hrs.) top. 
Magnificent view. — From the Eckersattel to Hallein or Golling, see 
pp. 126, 127. From the summit a tedious descent (no way-marks) leads 
via the Heiterer Lneg Pass, then under the Archenkdp/e, via the Brett- 
riedel (76S5') and the (2 hrs.) Ho/ie Brett (p. 103), and past the Jdger-Kreuz 
(7065'), to Mitlerkaser and (2 hrs.) Vurderbrand (p. 106). 

Excursions in the Steinerne Meer, the wild mountain-region to the 
S. of the Konigs-See, are fatiguing (paths indicated by red marks; guide, 
advisable in uncertain weather: to the Funtensee 9 UJf, via Griinsee \Q JI-, 
over the Steinerne Meer to Saalfelden 16 M). A path leads from St. Bar- 
tholoma (p. 105 •, to the Karlinger-Haus 4-4'/2 hrs.) on the margin of the lake 
to the Schraxnbach Fall (p. 1U5) and then ascends through wood to (IV2 hr.) 
the Unterlahner Alp (3265'). We then mo\int the steep Saugasse in numenais 
zigzags to (IV* br.) the deserted Oberlahner Alp (4595'). Here a path to 
Trischiibl ascends to the right (p. 110). Passing the GJaidkup/e on the right, 
we now ascend the Himmelstiege (to the left the path to the Sallet Alp, 
see below), and then descend a little to the (1''4 br.) K&rlinger-Haus (5315'; 
"Inn, 35 beds at 3ul? 40 Pf. and 20 mattresses at IJl), which lies 5 min. to 
the W. of the small Funten-.See (5250*). — Another path (5 hrs. ; provided 
with railings, wire-ropes, etc., and quite safe for adepts, though danger- 
ous for climbers inclined to dizziness, particularly on the descent of the 
Sagereckwand) leads from the Sallet Alp (p. 105) up the steep Sagereck-Wand, 
with a fine view of the Konigs-See and Obersee, to (2V2 hrs.) the deserted 
Sagereck Alp (4465'; spring) ; hence it ascends above the pretty Griinsee (48iO'; 
on the left) to the (2 hrs.) depression (5665') between the Glunkerer Kopf 
(5995') and the Simeisberg (61750, and then descends to the path from St. Bar- 
tholoma and to (1/2 br.) the Karlinger-Haus. — The Feld (.oo30'), an easy and 
interesting ascent, is reached from the Karlinger-Haus in I'/z hr. ; the 
Viehkogel (7075') in 2 hrs., the Schottmalhorn (7570') in 21/2 hrs., these two 
toilsome; the Funtensee -Tauern (Stuhlwand, S460'; S'/a hrs.. fatiguing but 
attractive); the >Schdnfeldspitze {Eochzink, 8700'; 4V2-5 hrs. ; difficult and re- 
quiring a steady head) via the Buchauer Scfuirte ; and the Hundstod (8510'; 
5-6 hrs. , laborious, see p. 110). — Several passes (Buchauer Scharte, Itam- 
seider ScJiarle. WeissbachlScharte, and Diesbach-Scharte) lead from the 
Funten-See to Saalfelden; the shortest (G hrs.) and most interesting is 
the Ramseider Scharte (6895'; 3-3V2 hrs. from the Funten-See), with the 
Riemann-Hatis (comp. p. 161). The path (red marks) skirts the N. bank 
of the Funten-See, at the E. end of which, at a rock called the 'Teufels- 
Miihle', the subterranean outlet of the lake may be heard, and then 
ascends to the desolate Steinerne Meer proper, with views of the Schon- 
feldspitze (see above). The descent to Saalfelden requires a steady head 
(3 hrs. ; guide desirable). 

From Berchtesgaden tlirough the Bamsaa to Reichenhall or to 

To the bifurcation in the upper Ramsau 6 M., thence to Reichenhall 
IOV2 M., to Ober-Weissbach 12 M. — Via Ramsau to Hiniersee 8'/2 M., an 
interesting excursion (S'/-.' brs. on foot to Ramsau including the Wimbacb- 
Klamm, thence to the Hintersee IV4 br. ; easily managed in an afternoon 
by motor). — Motor-diligence and carriages, see p. 10i2. 

110 I. If. W. — Map, p. 104. IIAMSAU. From Berchtesgaden 

The road follows the left bank of the Ache from the station to 
(3/4 M.) (rmiind-Brucke (railway -station, see p. 100], where it is 
joined on tlie right by the road descending from the Grand-Hotel; 
it here crosses the Bischofswieser Ache and then ascends through 
wood in tlie narrow valley of the liamsauer Ache. 2^2 ^1- Usank 
(1935'; *Hot. zum Watimann ^- Pens. Usank, 40 beds at 1-1 Vs) pens. 
5-7 .,//). At the pumping-station of the same name, V4 M. farther 
on, a brook descending about 400' works a pump by which the salt- 
water from the mines is forced up to the Soidenkopfl, 1200' higher, 
aiid via the Schwarzbachwacht to Rei'-henhall, a distance of I8Y2 ^^• 

A v>aM» ascends in steps and zigzags from llaank to the (I74 hr.) Sblden- 
kbpfl (3115'-, rfmts.), whence a good path with fine views leads alnng the 
brine-conduit to the (IV4 hr.) Zipfhdv^l (see below) and the (13/4 hr.) Schwar/,- 
liachwacht (p. 111). The Tote Mann (p. 107) may be ascended by a marked 
path from the Scildenkopll in I'/j hr. — From Berchtesgaden the best 
approach to the Siildenkopfl leads via the Boschberg (2V4 hrs.; p. 104). — 
From Usank via Schonau to the Konigs-iSee, l^/t hr. (p. 106). — Ascent of 
the *]y'atz/nann, see p. 108. 

The road now runs along the left bank of the foaming Ache 
tlirough the gorge of the Kniepass (short tunnel) ; to tlie left a grand 
view of the Watzmann ; before ns rises the broad Steinberg. The 
"^Ramsau is remarkably picturesque owing to the contrast of the 
luxuriant vegetation of the valley with the imposing and pictur- 
esquely shaped grey mountains. — 41/2 M. Finger-post indicating 
tlie path to the 'Windach-Klamm' and the 'Jagdschloss'. 

A path crossing the bridge ('2055'; restaurant) to the left, and ascending 
lo the right by the 'Trinkhalle% leads to the (V4 hr.) *Wimbach-Klamm. 
The clear blue water of the brook here Conns beautiful falls in its rocky 
ravine (about '/3 M. in length), into which the sun shines about noon. 

A visit to the upper Wimbach-Tal, to a point '/^ hr. beyond the 
.lagdschloss, or still better to the ('i^/^hrs.) Gries Alp, is recommended. 
A bridle-path leads from the upper end of the gorge, at first on the left, 
and then on the right bank of the brook through pine-wood, and after- 
wards traversing the broad mass of debris from which the stream issues, 
to (li/i hr.) the hunting-lodge of Wimbach (3080'; rfmts.). In l»/4 hr. more 
we reacli the Griex Alp (4355'), and enjoy a full survey of the imposing 
mountains at the head of the valley. — A track, hewn in part in the 
rocks, leads to the S. from this point to the (l'/2 hr.) shooting-box of 
Ti-ischiibl (oGO.j'; no accouimodation), whence we may ascend the Hirsch- 
teiese (6935'; 1 hr. ; guide 8 JS?), which atFords an admirable view of this 
wild region, including part of the Konigs-See. From Trischiibl we proceed 
via the deserted Sigeret Alp to (2 hrs.) the Obevlahner Alp (p. 109). — The 
Hundatod (S510') may be ascended from Trischubl through the Ilitndstod- 
Grube (3 hrs.; for experts only; guide for 2 days 14^/); better ascent from 
the Kiirlinger-Haus (p. 109). 

On the road, 2,3 jyi. above the finger-post (see above), is the 
* Wimbachklamm Inn (50 beds, pens. 5 Jf), and 1/3 ^1- l>eyond it 
the *lnn zum Hochkalter (30 beds at 1-1 V2) pens. 5 J^) and, to the 
right above, the Pens. Villa Steinberg (good). Then (2/4 M. ; 5^2 ^' 
from Berchtesgaden) Ramsau (2190'; Oberwirt, well spoken of). 

A pleasant walk (diverging to the right from the road at a guide-post 
near the Oberwirt) leads hence through wood to (I/2 hr.) the pilgrimage- 
church of Maria- Kunterw eg (2495'), and thence on to (V4 hr.) the Oi-osse 
Linde , whence we ascend to the right to (20 min.) the Zip/hdusl (3270'; 
inn) , on the brine conduit , I3/4 hr. from the .Schwarzbachwacht and 

to ReichenhaU. IIINTERSEE. Maps,pp.l04,154. — LIi.W. Ill 

11/4 lir. from the Soldenkopll (p. 110; the path leading straight on up the 
hill goes to the ToteMann, p. 107). — Another ronte leaves the ReichenhaU 
road at a guide-post beyond the point where the Hintersee road diverges, 
and ascends to the left to ("« hr.j the 'Wartstein (2905'), which affords a 
splendid view of the Hintersee, the Blaneis Glacier, etc. A little below 
is the Mugdalenen-Kapelle (2b20'), a rock grotto containing an altar. 
Descent to the Hintersee, •/* ^^r- — '^^^ Mordau Aim (390^3'), a pretty mountain 
valley at the foot of the Latten-Gebirge, may be ascended from tlie Tauben- 
see in IY4 hr. ; it commands a charming view of the Hintersee, Hochkalter. 
the Eeiter-Alpe, etc. — An attractive luutpath leads through wood from 
Ramsau to the Hintersee (see below), diverging to the left from the road 
at the Inn zum Hochkalter and crossing the boggy *' Oletscherqtiellen^ . Before 
reaching the Hintersee we join the new road. 

Beyond Kanisau (^2^3 M. ) the road divides, the branch to the 
flintersee and Ober-Weissbach (see below ) leadini^ to the left. The 
RoAU TO Reichbnhall (lOV-i M.) ascends straight on (right), past 
the small Taubenset (2870'), to the ('21/4 M.) Schwarzbachwacht 
(2905'1, a pump-house on the summit of the pass. About 74 ^^^ 
farther on is the small Inn zur Schwarzbachwacht (hence to the 
Traunsteiner Hiitte, via the Schweael Alp, 5 hrs., see p. 164). The 
road then descends into the deep wooded Schicarzbach-Tal, between 
the Reiter-ALpe on the left and the Latten-Gebiriie on the right, and 
(3 M.) crosses the Schwarzbacli. Below the (1 M.) Jettenberg pump- 
house (1825': rfmts.") we again cross the Schwarzbach, which forms 
a fine cascade (StauhfalL) hero and falls into the Saalach immediately 
below. [A footpath, diverging to the left before the bridge, leads 
under the latter to the fall. J To the left diverges the road to 
Schneizelreut (p. 165). Our road skirts the right bank of the Saalach, 
passing opposite Frohnau^ to (41/0 M. ) ReichenhaU (p. 95 j. 

The Road to Ober-Wbissbach (12 M.) crosses the Ache and 
gradually ascends its right bank. On the right is the old road, from 
which a red-marked path diverges to the left after about 100 yds. 
and leads through wood to the Hintersee. The new road affords 
tine views of the Reiter-Alpe, and at the (274 M. ) Hintersee- Kiause 
reaches the Hintersee (2590'; ferry to the Post or Gemsbock Inn, 
10 pf. ; shout I, which is 3/4 M. in length. About 2/4 M. farther on, 
*/4 M, from the upper end of the lake, are the forester's house of 
Hintersee (2605') and the Bavarian custom-house. Opposite is 
*Auzinger's Inn (pens. 4-472 ^/)- To the right, on the lake, are 
the *H6tel Post ^ Pens. WarMein (open May Ist-Nov. 1st, 63 beds 
at 172-2, pens. 5-67-2 «.//) aud the *H6t.-Pen3. Gemsbock (open May 
15th-0ct. 15th, 52 beds at 172-2, pens. 5-6 J^). Fine view of the 
lake; to the S. rises the Hochkalter, to the E. the Hohe GoU, which 
is reflected in the lake in the evening. 

ExccKSioNS from the Hintersee (guide, Jos. Maltan). To the Wartstein 
i^l-i hr.), see above. — A visit to the Blaueis, on the N. slope of the 
Hochkalter, the northernmost glacier in the German Alps, is fatiguing: 
to the Eitboden (6235') at the foot of the glacier S'^-A hrs. (guide 7 M): 
chamois are sometimes seen on this route. — Edelweisslahnerkopf (6410'), 
4hr3. (guide 6 Jf), fatiguing. — The Stadelhorn (Grosse Muhhturzhorn 7405'; 

112 J. R.20.-~Maps,pp.l04,154. HIRSCHBICHL. 

admirable view) may be climbed by adepts in 5 hrs. via the Haltgrube and 
the Wegkar (y:ui(le 8 Jt). Descent to the Traunsteiner IJutte (p. 164). — Hoch- 
kalter (8555'), through the Ofen-Tal in 5-6 hrs. (guide from Bercbtesgaden 
15 uK), for experts only. The ascent via the Blaueis ((j-7 br.s.; guide 20 J() 
is very diflicult and sometimes impossible. The ascent from the Wimbach- 
Tal via the lilaueis- Scharte (8145') is still more diflicult (two guides re- 
quired, 25 M each). 

Those who desire to proceed to Reichenhall from the Hintersee take 
the road to the left at the N. end of the lake, passing the Antenbichl 
on the W. side of the Wartslein (ascended in 25 min. ; see p. Ill), turn 
to the left again 10 min. farther on, and in 20 min. reach the Reichen- 
hall road below the Taubensee (p. 111). — Carriage and pair from tbe 
Hintersee to Ober- Weisbach , 25 Jl and driver's fee of 3 Jl. A trace-horse 
(15 jU) is necessary, otherwise the steep hill must be ascended on foot. 

The beautiful valley between the Hochkalter (left) and the Reiter- 
Alpe (right) is now ascended to the (6 M.) Hirschbichl (3785' ; 
Inn), with the Austrian custom-house of Mooswacht. 

The *Kammerlinghorn (8155'), ascended from the Hirschbichl in 4- 
I'/j hrs. (somewhat arduous ; guide, desirable, 5 Uif), is an admirable point 
of view (Steinerne Meer. Tauern, etc.). E.x;perts, with guide and ropes, may 
proceed hence to the (Va hr.) top of the Hochkammerlinghorn (8230'). ■ — The 
Hocheisapitze (8280'), difficult, is ascended in 4 hrs. from the Hirschbichl 
via tlie Mittereis Alp and the Hocheis Alp; the ascent from the Hochkammer- 
linghorn should be attempted by experts only (1 hr.). — To the W. of the 
Hirschbichl a path (with red marks) crosses the Kleine or Loferer Hirsch- 
bichl (4100'), which affords a very fine view, to Wildeiital and (l'/* hr.) 
>S<. Martin on the Lofer road (p. 163). 

The road ascends a few hundred paces farther to its highest 
point (3860'), and then rapidly descends into the Saalach-Tal. 
Before us rise the imposing Leoganyer Steinberge. About 3 M. 
from the Hirschbichl, near a saw-mill, a tinger-post indicates the 
way to the *Sei8enberg-Klainm, a profound and very narrow gorge, 
through which the Weissbach dashes over huge blocks of rock. At 
the (3/4 hr.) Binder-Miihle, at the lower end of the ravine, yre reach 
the Saalach valley and the Lofer road ; a road leads hence to (Y2 ^^^O 
Ober-Weissbach (2140'; *AuvogL), where we rejoin the road from 
tJie Hirschbichl. The Inn zur Frohnwies (bed 1-3 .fiT.) lies Vi ''^• 
to the S. (see p. 162). 

From Uber-Weisabach to Saalfelden (carr. in 2 hrs., iO K. and fee-, 
omnibus twice daily in summer in 2 hrs., 2 K.) and to Lofer, see R. 30. 
About 3/4 M. from Ober-Weissbach is the Lamprechtt-0/enloch (p. 162), 
and about 472 31. to the N. (carr. in 3/4 hr.) is the interesting Vorderkaser- 
Klamm (p. 162). 


21. Salzburg and Environs 115 

Aigen. St. Jakob am Thurn. Gaisberg, 122. — Nockstein. 
Hellbrunn. Anif. Leopoldskron, 123. — Fiirstenbruunen, 
Mari;t-Plain. Untersberg, 1'24. 

21. From Salzburg to Halleiu and Golling 1*25 

Diirnberg. Kleine Earmstein. 125. — Bussfeld. Hobe G611. 
Scblenken. Schmittenstein. From Hallein via Zill to 
Berchteagaden. Altubacbstrub. Faistenau, 126. — Salzacb 
Oefen. Pass Luej. From Gelling to Berclitesgaden over 
tbe Ecker-Sattel or tbe Rossfeld,127. — Schwarze Berg, 128. 

23. From Linz to Salzburg 128 

From Wels to Griinau. Almsee, 128. — From Lambacb 
to Gmunden. Traun Fall. From Attnang to Scharding. 
Wolfsegg, 129. — Zeller See. Tannberg. Mattsee, 130. 

24. The Attersee and Mondsee 130 

From Steinbach to tbe Langbath Lake.s. Ascent of ttie 
Schafberg from Unteracb and from Scharfling, 131. — 
Excursions from Mondsee. Kulmspitze. Kolomanaberg. 
Schober. DracUen.-tein. Hnllkar, 1-33. 

25. From Salzburg to Ischl. Abersee. Schafberg . . . 133 

Excursions from St. Gilgen. Falkensteinwand. Zwolfer- 
horn. Scbafberg. From St. Gilgen to Salzburg. Faistenauer 
Schafberg, 134. — Ascent of the Schafberg from St. Wolf- 
gang. Schwarze See, 135. 136. 

2G. From Attnang to Gmunden and Isohl 137 

Excursions from Gmunden, 138. — Laudachsee. Traun- 
stein. Almsee, 139. — Rotelsee. Kleine Sonnstein. Excur- 
sions from Langbath. Langbath Lakes. Kranabet-Sattel. 
Erlakogel. OtTensee, 140. — Hohe Schrott. Bromberg. 
Schonberg, 141. — E.\cursion.s from Ischl. Ischl Salt 
Mine. Hiitteneck Alp. Zimitz. Hainzen. Predigstuhl. 
Sandling. Rettenkogel, etc., 143. — From Ischl to Alt- 
Aussee direct, 143- 

27. From Ischl to Aussee 144 

Chorinsky-Klause. Hochkalmberg. Gamsfeld. Predig- 
stuhl, 144. — From Obertraun to Aussee over tbe Koppeu, 

146. — Excursions from Aussee. Sarstein. Eotenstein. 
Zinken. Alt- Aussee, 146. — Loser. Br;iuningzinken. 
Tresaen-Sattel. Grundlsee, Toplitz-See and Kammer-See, 

147. — Tote Gebirge. From Aussee to Stoder. etc., 148. 
'28. From Ischl to Hallstatt and to Abtenau and Golling 

via Gosau 148 

Mountain Ascents from Hallstatt. Steingraben - Schneid. 
I'lassen. Hirlatz. Zwolferkogel. Sar.stein, 149. — Krippen- 
stein. Hohe Gjaidstein. Dachstein, 150. — E.xcursions 
from Gosau. Adamek-Hiitte. Dachstein. Torstein. To 
Filzmoos over the Steigl. Zwiesel Alp, 151. — Donner- 
kogel. From the Zwiesel Alp to Filzmoos and Bischofs- 
hofen. Bleikogel 152. — Lammer-Oefen. 153. 
29. From Salzburg via Zell am See to Saalfelden (Worgl ; 

Innsbruck) 153 

Bliihnbach-Tal,153. — Tennen-Gebirge. Hochkonig. Hoch- 
keil. Dientner Schneeberg, 154. — Liechtenstein-Klamm. 

Babdkkkb's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 8 


lloohgriinileck , 155. — Sonntagskogel. GruHsarl-Tal. 
Passes to Gastein, the Malta-Tal, and the JIoritzeu-Tal. 
The Kleinarl-Tal. Tappenkar-See. Haslloch. 156. — From 
Schwarzach to Dienten via Guldegg. Heukareck. Kitz- 
loch-Klaium. Hundsfein, 157. — Excursions from Bruck. 
Honigkogel. liundatein. Drei Briider. Imbacbhorii, 
158. — Zeller See, 158. — Schmittenhohe, 159. — Pinzgauer 
Spaziergang. Sausteigen. Schwalbenvvand. Glemmtal. 
Excursions from Saalfelden. Kuhbiihel. Lichtenberg, 
160. — Steinerne Meer. Riemannhaus. Breitboru. Urslau- 
Tal. Hochkonig. Hochseiler. Birnborn, 161. 

30. From Saalfelden to Reichenhall via Lofer 162 

Lamprechts -Ofenlocb. Vorderkaser - Klamm , 162. — 
Loierer HocLta]. Loferer Alpe. Scbmidt-Zabierow-Hiitte. 
Hinterborn or Mitterhorn. Ocbsenhovn. Reifhorn, 163. 
— ticbwarzberg-Klamm, Staubfall. Sonntagsborn. Reiter- 
Alpe. Traunsteiner-Hiitte, 164. 

31. The Tauern Railway from Schwarzach -St. Veit via 
Gastein to Spittal in Carinthia 166 

Excursions from IIof-Gastein. Gamskarkogel. Tiirchl- 
wand. Haseck, 166. — Excursions from Wildbad Gastein. 
Windisi'bgratz-Hobe, etc. Kofscbach-Tal. Tiscblerkar- 
kopf, 170. — Huttenkogel. Graukogel. Palfner-Scbarte. 
Anlaiif-Tal. Aakogel. Tiscblerspitze.- Over the Hobe 
Tauern to the Hannover Haus. Woisken-Scharte. Tiscb, 
170. — Nassfeld. Herzog Ernst. Scbareck. To Kauris 
across the Pochbard-Scbarte or the Rilfel-Scbarte, 171. — 
To Mallnitz over the Mallnitzer Tauern. Kreuzkogel. 
172. — Excursions from Mallnitz. Sauleck. Gamskarl- 
spifze. Geiselkopf. Lonzabohe. Feldsee-Scbarte, 173. — 
Hannover Haus. Ankogel. Hocbalmspitze. Ganiskarl- 
spitze, etc. Via ihe Grota-Elend-Scbarte to the Malta- 
Tal, 174. 

32. The Kauris 175 

Bernkogel. From Rauris to Heiligenblut over the 
Heiligenbluter Tauern, 176. — Excursions from Kolm- 
Saigurn. Herzog Ernst, Scbareck, Sonnblick , Hocharn. 
From Kolm-Saigurn to Fragant by the Goldberg-Tauern ; 
to Dollach by Ihe Sonnblick, the Klein-Zirknitz-Scbarle, 
the Windisch-Scbarte, or the Brett-Scharte, 177. 

33. The Fuscher Tal. From Ferleiten to IJeiligenblut . 178 

Hirzbacb-Tal. Gleiwitzer Hiitte. Imbachborn. Hir/.- 
bach-Torl. Hocblenn, 179. — Excursions from Bad Fuscb. 
Kasereck. Kiibkarkopfl. Schwarzkopf. Weichselbach 
hobe, 179. — Excursions from Ferleiten. Durcheck Alp. 
Kafer-Tal. Hocbtenn. Mainzer Hiitte. Hohe Dock. Wies- 
bachborn. From Ferleiten to Heiligenblut over the 
Pfandl-Scbarte, over the Bockkar-Scbarte, or over the 
Heiligenbluter Tauern. Brennkogel, 179-181. 

34. The Kapruu Valley 182 

Sigmuud-rbun-Klamm, 182. — Krefelder-Hiitle. Kitz- 
steinhorn. Moserboden, 183. — Wiesbacbhorn. Hoch- 
eiser. Hocbtenn. Riffltor. Kapruner Tori, 184. 

35. From Zell am See to Krimml. Upper Pinzgau . . . 185 

From Uttendorf to Kals via the Stubach-Tal, 185. — 
Rudolfs-Hiitte. Granatspitze. Sonnblick. Kals-Stubacher 
Tauern. Gaisstein. Pibapper Spitze, 186. — Hollersbach- 
Tal. Over the Sandebeu - Tori or the Weissenegger 
Scharte toGschlttss. Habach-Tal. Habach-Hiitte. Schwarz- 

SALZBURG. II. Route '21. 115 

kopf-Scharte. Habach-Scharte, 187. — Wildkogel. Unter- 
sulzbach Fall. By the Obersulzbach-Tal to the Kursinger- 
Hutte and the Gross- Venediger, 188. — Krimml Water- 
falls. Seekar-See. Gernkogel. Hutteltalkopf, 189. 

36. From Krimml via the Krimoiler Tauern or via the 
Birnliicke to Kaseni (Taiifers) 190 

Excursions from the Krimmler Tauernhaus, 190. — Kain- 
bach Scharte. Richter-Hiitte. Reichenspitze. Gabelkopf. 
Wildkarkopf, etc. Windbach-Scharte. Gams-Scharte,191. — 
Rcsskar-Scharte. Neu-Gersdorfer Hiitte, 11)2. — Warns- 
dorfer-Hiitte, 193. 

37. From Lienz to Windisch - Matrei and Pragraten. 

The Isel-Tal 193 

Weisse Wand. Hochschober. From Hubea to Kala by the 
Kalser-Tal, 194. — Excursions from Windisch -Matrei. 
Lukaser-Kreuz. Rottenko^el. Zuniy;. Nussingkogel. 
Gschloss. 195. — Rote Saule. Ascent of the Gross- Venediger 
from the Prager Hiitte. From Windisch-Matrei to Mitter- 
sill over the Felber Tauern, li;'6. — Lasorlintr. Bergerkogel. 
Gross-Venediger from Pragraten, 197. — Ober-Sulzbach- 
Tiirl. Krimmler Tori. Maurer-Tal. Maurer-Torl. Reggen- 
Torl. From Pragraten to St. Jakob in the Defereggen-Tal 
by the Defereggen-Torl, the Priigrater Tori, or the Bach- 
lenke, 198-199. — Excursions from the Klara-Hutte. Drei- 
herrnspitze. Rotspiize, 199. — Simonyspitze. Malhamspitze. 
Daberspitze. To Kasern over the Vordere or Hintere 
Umbal-Torl. Rotenmann-Torl. Schwarze-Tcirl, '200. 

38. From Windisch-Matrei to Kals and Heiligenblut . . 200 

Excursions from Kals. Gross-Glockner, 202. — Romaris- 
wandkopf. Schiinleiten. Hochschober, 2U3. — Roter 
Knopf. Muntaniz, etc. To Heiligenblut over the Berger- 
Ttirl, COi. 

39. From Dolsach to Heiligenblut 204 

Geiersbiihl. Ederplan. Stellkopf. Petzeck. vStanziwurten, 
205. — Sonnblick. Excursions from Heiligenblut. Franz- 
.losephs-Hohc. Hofmanns-Hiitte, 207. — Fuscherkarkopf. 
Sinnabeleck. Grosse Burgstall. Barenkcipfe. Wiesbach- 
horn. Johannisberg. Hohe RiOI. Schneewinkelkopf. Eis- 
kcigele. Gross-Glockner, 208. — Sandkopf. From the 
Glocknerhaus over the RiCFltor to the Kapruner-Tal ; 
over the Obere Oedenwinkel-Scharte to the Stubach-Tal, 
209. — From Heiligenblut to Kolm-Saigurn by the Sonn- 
blick or the Goldzech-Scharte. Hocharn, 210. 

21. Salzburg and Environs. 

The State Railveay Station (PI. D, 1; -Restaurant) is on the N. side 
of the town, about a mile from the 8tadt-Brucke. The Tov^n Agency of 
the State Railways is at Schwarz-Str. 7. — The Salzkammergut Station 
(p. 133) and the Berchtesgaden Steam Tramway Station (p. 100) face the state- 

Hotels (often full in summer; rooms should be engaged in advance). 
On the right bank of the Salzach: *Geand-H6tel de l'Ecrope (PI. a; D, 1), 
at the station, with lift and a large garden, 380 R. at 4-12, B. 1.60, d^j. 
4-5, D. 6-7, pens, from 13 iT.; Hotel Bristol (PI. e: D, 3). Makart-Platz. 
170 R. at 3.50-8, B. 1.50, D. 4-5, pens. 10-16 K.; 'Park Hotel & Villa Savoy 
(PI. b; D, 1), R. 3-10, B. 1.50, pens, from 9 Z.; Hotel u'Autriche (PI. c; 
U 3}, Schwar/.-Str. 5, ISO R. at 3-7 JT., B. 1.20 JT.; *H6tel Fitter fPl. 1 ; 


IIH //. Route 21. SALZBURG. Practical 

D, '2), Wesibabn-Sti-., R. 3-12 K.; •Hotel-Restaukant Mirabell (PI. m ; 

D, 3>, with garden and concert-room (performances every evening), R. 3- 
6/r. ,• 'Kaisebin Elisabeth (PI. el; D, 1), Elisabeth-Str. 11, with garden, 
R. 2.50-G, pens. S-12 K. ; *H6t. Habsbhrg (PI. g; D, 2), Faber-Str. 10, 
S() R. at 2.50-4 K. In the town, on the left bank: *Goi.dnes Schiff (PI. d; 

E, 4), Residenz-Platz, 100 R. at 2.50-10 K. ; Goldene Krone (PI. f ; D, 3), 


(PI. n; I), 4), Sternbkad (PI. p; D, 4), Blaue Gans (PI. q; D, 4), all in 
the Getreidegasse; Sohranxe, Schrannengasse 10, well spoken of; MOnohner 
HoF, DrL'ifaltigkeitsgasse, plain but good; Hollbbau (PI. r; E, 4), with 
terrace, 44 beds at 1.20-2.50 if. ; Goldene Birn (PI. bi ; E, 3, 4), Judengasse 1, 
32 R. at 1.50-2.50 £■.; Ofenloch in Riedenburg, Keutor-Str. (PI. C, 4). — - 
On the right bank : •Hot. zum Stein (PI. h ; D, E, 3), Gisela Quay 3, near 
the Stadt-Briicke, 120 R. at 2-5 Z^., B. 90^.; Gablerbrau (PI. i; D. 3), R. 
2-3 K., Tracbe (PI. k; D, 3), Linzer-Str. 4, 100 beds at 2-3 E., good, 
RtJMiscHER Kaiser (PI. s; D, 3), Goldene Kanoxe, Paris-Lodron-Str. 21. 
Tiger (PI. t; D, E, 3), SchlambhIu (PI. u; D, 3), Schwarzes Rossl (PI. v; 
D, 3), all near the Stadt-Briicke. moderate; 'Roter Krebs (PI. x; D, 2) , 
JJirabell-Platz, R. 2-3 if. ; Hot. Mozart (PI. mo ; B, 2), Franz-Joseph-Str. S, 
R. 2.60-5 /T.; Deutscher Hof (PI. de; D, 2), Hubert- Sattler - Gasse 12; 
Hut. Wolf-Dietrich (PI. v; E, 2), Wolf-Dietrich-Str. 16; Thalmann's Hotel 
Garni (PI. th; C, 2), Auersperg-Str. 15, R. 2-3 K., B.80/*. ; Goldene Rose 
(PI. ro; U, 2), same street; Zcr Neden Stadt (PI. st; D, 2), good and 
moderate; Goldneb Engel, Gisela Quay, Hofwirt (PI. ho; E, 2), Goldner 
LiiwK (Pi. lo; E, 2). Bergerbrau (PI. w; D. 3), all well spoken of; Hot. 
Haunuof, Stadt Innsbruck, both near the station, R. 1.50-4 /f.; Scuwauz, 
next the Park Hotel, with garden. — Koller's Hotel Garni (see below), 
Dreifaltigkeitsgasse. R. 1.50-2.50 A'. ; Scukeiner's Maison Meublik, Pnris 
l.odrun-Str. 18, R. from 2 K., well spoken of; Pens. Mariensohlosschen, 
cliarininglv sitiiated, JIdnchsberg 17 (pens. 6-8 AT.); Steinlechner, Aigenei- 
Str. 1, at "Parsch (p. 122), R. 2-3, pens. 7-8 K. 

Cafe3. Tomaselli, Ludwig-Viktor-Platz (PI. D, 4). On the right bank : 
Theatre Cafe, Makart-PIatz ; Cafi Corso^ Gisela Quav (p. 121); Cafi. Bazar, 
Cafi Central, at the Franz-Josephs-Briicke (PI. D, 3); Roller, Dreifaltig- 
keitsgasse (also rooms, see above); Krimmel, Westbahn- Strasse. — Con- 
fectioners. Fiirst, Karuth <t- (7o., both in the Ludwig-Viktor-Platz. 

Restaurants. Kurhaus (see p. 121 ; concerts in the evening); Restau- 
rant Mirabell, Schwarz-Str., with garden (evening-concerts); Zipfer Bier- 
haus. T'niversitats-Piatz; Restaurant Elevator {j^.i20). — Wine. "Tiroler Wein- 
stitbe, Rudolfs (Juay 12 and .ludengasse; St. Peter's Sli/tskeller (PJ. 35, D, 4; 
II. 118); Wachauer Winter- Keller, Rudolfs Quay; R. Schider, Linzergasse 15; 
Miinchner Hof, Geissler, Dreifaltigkeitsgasse; Keller, Getreidegasse. — Beer 
at the 67e/-w&ra«-G'aWe», Getreidegasse; Stieglkeller., Festungsgasse 10, with 
'Mozart Room' and view; Sdianzlkeller, outside the Kajetaner-Tor, with 
view ; Modlhamerkeller, outside the Klausen-Tor, also with view; Auguitiner 
BrdustUbl , at Miilln (quaint rooms; not open till 3 p.m.). 

Baths. Kurhaus (p. 121), with baths of every kind. Stddtisches Vollhad, 
adjoining the Franz-Josef-Park (PI. G, 4; p. 121)' Bade-Anstalt Mulln, well 
fitted up. Swiiaming Baths and other baths at Bad Kreuzbruckl, 3/4 M. to 
the S.W. (omnibus from the Universitats-Platz at a.m. and 2 p.m.), and 
near Scfiloss Leopoldskron, V/t M. to the S.W. (p. 123; omnibus from the 
Stadt-Platz at 9.30 and 11.30 a.m., 4.15 and 7 p.m., 30 7*.). Dr. Breyers Sana- 
torium and Hydropatldc (open May-Oct. incl. ; pens, from K.) and the 
Oberes Kurhaus at Parsch (p. 122), with hydropathic, swimming-baths, etc. 
(pens, from 5 A".). Mud. Pine-Cone, and Peat baths at the Ludwigsbad and 
the Marienbad, I74 M. from the town (omnibus from the Hot. Krone 4 times 
daily, 20 7i.), and at the Schallmoos Moorbdder, in the Schallmooser Haupt- 

Cabs. From the station into the town , with luggage, 1 K. 40 h. or 
(two horses) 2 K. ; at night, 2 or 3 .S". By time: V4 hr. 80 or 1 K. 20ft.; 
longer drives, the first 1/4 Iir. 80 or i K. 20, every following '/* ^^- ^0 or 
60 ft.; half-a-day S K. 40 ft. or 12 iT.; whole day 16 iT. 80 ft. or UK. — To 
Berchlesgaden, see p. 100. To Parsch Station and back 2 or 3 A"., to the 

yotes. ^ SALZBURG. II. Route lU. 117 

Sanatorium and back IK. 70 or 4^. 20/i.,- to Aigen, Klesheim, or Marien 
had and back 2 K. GO h. or 4 K.; to Hellbrunn 3 or 4 ^. 40 A. ; to Maria- 
Plain 5 or 6 A". ,• to Glaneek 5 or 7 £". ; to Furstenbrunn 5 A. £0 or 7 £". 60 ;». ; 
from tbe station at Salzburg 60 or 80 ft. extra in each case. Waiting, 
each 1/4 ^^- ^^ or 60 a. — Tolls and fees included in all cases. 

Electric Tramway (Loialbahn) from the Terminus (PI. D, 1) through 
the town hourly in summer to St. Leonhard and (1 hr. 54 min.) Berchtes- 
gaden (p. ICO). Tickets should be taken at the booking offices, as those 
issued on board the train cost double. The stations within the town are: 
Fiiti/haut, Kurhuus, Bazar., Franz-Josephs-Briicke, Mozartsteg, and Aeussere 
Stein (branch to Parsch, p. 122), beyond which the line crosses the Karo- 
linen-Briicke to the (2 M.) Kiinstlerhaus-Nonntal (PI. F, 5). Thence to 
Berchtesgaden. see p. 100. — Electric Tramway every 6 min. from the station 
via the Westbabn-Strasse and Stadt-Briicke to the Ludwig Viktor- Platz 
(20 h.). — Cable Railway to the fortress, see p. 120. — Lift to the Monchs- 
berg, see p. 120. 

Post and Telegraph Office (PI. 32; E, 4) in the Residenz-Platz, entrance 
to the right, bv the guard-house. Branch-offices at the railway -station 
and in the Makart-Platz. 

Theatre (PI. 26: D, 3), Makart-Platz. — Theatre of Varieties in the 
garden of the Hot. Mirabell (p. 116). — Panokama (Salzburg in 1825), in 
the Stadt-Park (p. 121), with a diorama (adm. 40 h.). 

Art Exhibitions. In summer at the Kiinstlerhaus (p. 121 ; adm. 1 A"., 
Sun. & holidays 40 h.). Swatschek's Art Saloon, Ludwig- Viktor -Platz 
(daily 8-7, Sun. 9-11, adm. free). — Permanent Exhibition of Industrial 
Art in the Mirabell-Schlos.% (p. 121). — Photogkavhs (views), Wilrthle <i- 
So/in, Schwarz-Str. Photographic 3Iatehials, Figncr d- Lauterbach, in 
the Platzl. 

Money Changers. Bank fUr Oberosterreich und Salzburg, Ludwig-Viktor- 
Plalz 4; Bohinische Union-Bank., Rathaus-Platz 4; Max Kohn , Dreifaltig- 
keitsgasse 7. — Strangers" Enquiry Offices, Schwarz-Str. 7 and Ludwig- 
Viktor-Plat/, 7; list of lodgings, etc., at Ed. Hollrigl's bookshop, Sigmund- 
Haffnergasse 10. — Inclusive Ticket (Kollektiv-Karte). admitting to most of 
the chief sights and ciillcctions, 3 A"., at Schwarz-Str. 1 (advantageons). 

English Church Service in the German Protestant Church (PI. 14; C, 3) 
on Sun. at 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. 

Salzburg (14*20'), the ancient Jiivatjum, was once the capital 
of the wealthiest and most powerful ecclesiastical principality in S. 
Germany, which was secularised in 1802 and converted into a tem- 
poral Electorate. It afterwards became Austrian, then Bavarian, 
and J5nally , in 1816, Austrian again, and is now the seat of an 
archbishop and of the government and law-courts of the district. 
Few German towns can compare with Salzburg for beauty of sit- 
uation. The town (40,000 inhab. ) lies on both banks ofi\\eSalzach., 
bounded by the abrupt castle-hill and the Monchsberg on the left 
bank, and by the Kaputinerberg on the right bank. Owing to fre- 
quent fires and to the building activity of Archbishop Wolf Dietrich 
(1587-1611) and other rulers, few mediaeval buildings have been 
left. The domed churches and other handsome buildings in the 
Italian style invest the town with the characteristic features of a 
sumptuous archiepiscopal residence of the 17th and 18th centuries. 
The shady promenades on the broad quays afford charming walks 
on both banks of the Salzach, from the Ludwig Victor-Briicke to 
the Karolinen-Brucke. 

The older part of the town is on the left bank of the Salzach, its 
central point being the Bbsidbnz-Platz (PI. E, 4), In the middle 

118 //. Route '21. SALZBURG. Cathedral. 

of which is tlie handsome Residenz-BrunnenoTHof-Brunnen (PI. 3), 
46' in height, executed in 1664 by Antonio Dario. Each of tlie 
sea-horses and figures of Atlas is hewn out of a single block of 
marble. At the summit a Triton spouts water from a horn. On 
the "W. side of the Platz rises the spacious Resideuz-Schloss, or 
Palace, erected in 1592-1724, and now partly occupied by the 
(irand-Duchess of Tuscany (adm. daily 11-1, in summer also 6-7, 
40 /i.; ceiling-paintings, tapestry, and furniture of the arcliiepis- 
copal era). Opposite to it is the Neugebaude (PI. 34; E, 3), begun 
in 1588, including the Government Buildings, Law Courts, and 
Post and Telegraph Offices (PI. 32) with a tower containing chimes 
(at 7 and 11 a.m. and 6p.m.). On the S. side is the '-'Cathedral. 
erected in 1614-34 by Solari in the Italian baroque style, with florid 
stucco-ornamentation. In the left aisle near the entrance is a font 
in bronze, dating from 1321, with a modern cover; high altar- 
pie^^e by Mascagni. The interesting treasury is shown on appli- 
cation at the sacristy in the right transept. — In the Dom-Platz 
rises a Column of the Virgin (Pi. 26), with allegorical figures in 
lead, by Hagenauer (1771). 

*Mozart's Statue (PL 28), in bronze, by Schxvanthaler, erected 
in 1842, adorns the Mozart-Platz (to the E.). The house in which the 
great composer (1756-91) was born, No. 9 Getreidegasse (PI. 27j, 
contains the interesting Mozart Museum on the third floor (MSS., 
portraits, piano, Mozart's skull, etc, ; adm. 1 K.'). 

On the S. side of the cathedral lies the Kapitel-Platz (Pl.E, 4), 
with the Kapitel-Schwemme (Tl. 4), a handsome marble horse-pond, 
with the inscription 'LeopoLDVs pkInCeps MeeXstrVXIt' (1732). 
On the E. side of the Platz is the Archiepiscopal Palace (PI, E, 4). 

In the S.W. corner of the Platz is the entrance to the ancient 
Cemetery of St. Peter (PL E, 4), adjoining the steep clifl" between tlie 
Monchsberg and the citadel. The late-Gothic Chapel of St. Margaret 
[ PL 16) in the middle, erected in 1483, restored in 1864, contains 
tombstones of the 15th century. In the arcades on the N. side is the 
Chapel of St. Veil, containing the tomb of Luther's friend Johann von 
Staupitz, who died in 1524 as abbot of the Benedictines in Salzburg. 
The Kreuz-Kapelle, in the S.W. angle, dates from the 12th century. 
A littlehigheris the Chapel of St. Egidius{St. Giles), whence rock- 
steps ascend to the Chapel of St. Gertrude and the Hermitage of 
St. Maximus, with vaults resembling catacombs and dating as far 
back as the 3rd century. The hermitage, the oldest Christian shrine 
in Salzburg, occupies the spot whence St. Maximus and his com- 
panions were, according to the legend, cast down by the Heruli in 
477. The keeper, who opens the closed chapels (fee 20/j.), lives 
in the first small house behind the vaults. — An archway leads to 
the court of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter (PL 6; D, E, 4), 
founded by St. Rupert in the 7th cent., though the present build- 
ings dale only from the 17-18th centuries. To the left is St. Peters- 

Seutor. SALZBURG. 11. Route -21. 119 

StifUkeUer (p. 116). To the right is the Chukch of St. Peter 
(PI. 18), a Romanesque edifice of 1131, badly restored in 1754. 
The original portal, with 13th cent, sculptures, has been preserved 
within the tower. The right (N.) aisle contains a poor monument 
to the composer Michael Haydn (d. 1806), brother of the more 
celebrated Joseph Haydn, and the 15th cent, tombstone of St. 
Rupert (d. 718). — To the left of the church is the entrance to the 
old cloisters. At this gate permission is obtained (generally at 
1 p.m.) to inspect the convent-library (^70,000 vols., numerous in- 
cunabula and ancient MSS.), the treasury, and the archives. 

In the vicinity is the Franciscan Church (PL 9; D, 4), of 
the 13th cent., with a Romanesque S. portal and a Gothic tower 
restored in 1866. The hexagonal choir borne by columns, with its 
net-work vaulting and its series of chapels, dates from the 15th cent- 
ury. In the Franciscan Monastery opposite a performance is given 
daily at 10.30. a.m. (ladies not admitted) on the 'Pansympliouicon', 
a n instrument invented by Father Singer, one of the monks (d . 1882). 

.\djoining are the stables of the former prince -bishops, now 
AW artillery-barrack, and the Summer Biding School (PI. 35; adra. 
'20 ft.), with three galleries hewn in the rock of the Monchsberg in 
1693. The Winter Riding School has a ceiling-painting of a round- 
about (date 1690). 

Un the N. side of the barracks in the Sigmund-Platz is a horse- 
ponil (PI. 31 ; D, 4), with a group of horse-tamers by Mandl (1695). 
Thence to the W. runs the *Neutor, a tunnel 150 yds. long, hewn 
in 1765-67 through the conglomerate rock (breccia) of the Monchs- 
berg, to the suburb of Riedenhurg. Over the entrance is a medallion 
of Archbp. Sigmund HI. . the constructor of the tunnel, with the 
inscription 'Te saxa loquuntur', and at the exit rises a statue of St. 
Sigismund, by Hagenauer. About 200 yds. to the left of the exit, 
in the Monchsberg, is a small stalactite cavern (lighted by electri- 
city; adni. 20/».). — In the Universitats-Platz rises the Kollegium- 
Kirche (PI. 22; D, 4), a handsome baroque edifice with a lofty 
dome, built in 1696-1707 from plans by Fischer von Erlach. 

On the Kranz-.losepli Quay i> the Museum Carolino-Augusteum 
(PI. D. 3; adnt. 1 A'., on Sun. 60 /<. ,- daily 9-4 in summer, Sun. 
and holidays 1-4 in winter; good light necessary). 

Ground Fi.oou. In the Vestibule are a handsume bronze fountain of 
the 17th cent, and the arms of several archbishops in stone. The Ball 
of Antiques contains Roman mosaic pavements, milestones, monuments, 
etc. — FiBST Floor. In ihe Hall of Industry arc works of the art-handi- 
crafts and a Guild Room, with ma.«terpieces. Music Room, with a line 
collection of musical instruments of the last three centuries. Mathe- 
matical and Physical Instruments. Weapon Saloon: weapons of the last four 
centuries. Ancestral Hall; Mediaeval Kitchen; Study; Slate Room of the 
time of the Thirty Years' War; Hunting Room; Sitting Room, with oriel 
and old stained glass; Dining Room; Romanesque Chapel and Sacristy, 
fitted up in the Gothic style ; Gothic Hall; Rococo Room; Renaissance Hall. 
— Second Floor. Historical Topographical Section, including document.';. 
seals, coins, work? by Salzburg painters, and interesting relief-maps of 

120 II. Route 21. SALZBURG. Hohen-Salzburg. 

Salzburg and the Salzkammergut by Keil and Pelikan, and of the Dach- 
stein and the Glockner by Pelikan. Emigration Room, containing remin- 
i3cences of the emigration of the Salzburg Protestants in 1731 ; \Vo1f- 
Dietrich Room; Ceramic Collection; Coatuines ; Peasants." Furniture and Wea- 
pon$; Antiques (brun/.e helmet from the Pass Lueg); Minerals; Salzburg 
Furniture {cs,. IStXO^ panelling from the Chateau of Goldegg (1606) ; popular 
ecclesiastical art; Stores and Stove-tiles; Renaissance doors from Salzburg 

The houses of the adjacent Gstdttengasse (PI. C, 3; lift to the 
Monchsberg, see below) cling to the side of the Monchsberg like 
swallows' nests, with rooms and cellars hewn in the conglomerate 
rock. The Klausentor was formerly the termination of this part of 
the town, lying between the hill and the river. The latter is now 
bordered by the broad Franz-Josef Quay, planted with trees. Be- 
yond the gate is the iron Franz- Karl-Brucke (foot-bridge). 

Above the town, on the S.E. point of the Monchsberg, rises 
the fortress of *Hohen-Salzburg (1780'), now reached in 2 min. by 
a Cable Railway, starting in the Festungsgasse, close to St. Peter's 
Cemetery (PI. E, 4; fare 60, up and down 80 h. ; admission to the 
fortress and the view-tower, incl. guide, 40 A.). Halfway up is the 
station Monchsberg, adjoining the restaurant Zur Kntz (approach to 
the Monchsberg, see below). Farther on the train threads a short 
tunnel below the wall of the fortress and reaches the upper station 
in the Hasengrahen (restaurant, with tine view). The View Tower 
(82' high ; platform 560' above the town) commands a splendid 
panorama. — The fortress, now used as barracks, was founded in 
1077 under Archbp. Gebhard and extended at different periods; the 
greater part of the present buildings and towers dates from 1496-1519. 
The Church of St. George in the castle-yard, erected in 1502, con- 
tains reliefs of the Twelve Apostles in red marble. On the exterior 
is a relief commemorating its founder Archbp. Leonhard (d. 1519). 
The Fnrsfenzimmer, restored in 1851, are worth inspection. The 
(ioLdene Stuhe contains a fine Gothic stove of 1501. 

The *M6nchsberg (1645'), a wooded hill about IV2 ^- "' 
length, bounding the town on the W., may be reached from the 
above-mentioned station of Monchsberg . or by means of an electric 
Lift (200'- fare 40 ft., dowu 20 ft., up and down 50 ft. ), ascending 
every 10 min. from Gstattengasse 13 (Pi. C, 3) to the top of the 
plateau [ResUturant , with frequent concerts). The View Tower 
(20 ft.), 360' above the Salzach, commands a splendid panorama, 
more picturesijue though less extensive than that from the fortress. 
The view of the town, overhung by the castle, is especially attrac- 
tive. — Shady paths lead hence to the S. to the Biirgervehrs'nller 
(restaurant), to the Franz Josephs-Hohe (PI, D,5), and to the Bichter- 
Hohe (1645'), a fine view-point, with a monument to the geographer 
Eduard Richter (d. 1905). 

The most direct footpath from the town to the Monclipberg is by a 
flight nf 117 steps the Summer Riding' School (p. 110), then to the 
left by the footpaths to the Richter-Hohe, and finally to the right by 
apother flight of 183 steps to the Burgerwehrsdller (see above). An easy 

Mirabell-Schloss. SALZBURG. 11. Route 21. 121 

carriage-road leads from the suburb of Miilln, past the AtiguiUne Church 
(PI. 5; C. 2), to the electric lift and the St. Johann-Schlosschen (PI. B, C, 3). 
A third route leads from the suburb of Nonntal (Zum Roten Hahn) through 
the Scharten-Tor (PI. B, 5). 

The E. spur of the hill, below the fortress, is the Nonnberg 
(PI. E, F, 4), so called from a Benedictine nunnery situated here. 
The Gothic Convent Church (founded 1009. restored in the loth 
cent.^ possesses a fine winged altar with a stained-glass window of 
the 15th cent, behind it, a crypt with interesting columns, and 
in the tower ancient frescoes. The cloisters, dating from the end 
of the 11th cent., are the oldest now extant in Germany (no ad- 
mission). Charming view from the parapet. — Above the Karolinen- 
Briicke. on the bank of the Salzach. is the Kiinstlerhaus (PI. F, 4), 
for exhibitions of art (p. 117). 

To the S.W. of the suburb of Nonntal is the Cemetery (tramway 
station Kommunal-Friedhof), with an obelisk and several monuments of 
artistic interest. 

The Salzach is crossed in the middle of the town by the iron Franz- 
Josephs-Brucke or Stadt-Briicke (PI. D, 3), 300 ft. long and 36 ft. broad . 
In the 'Platzl", near the bridge, on theright bajikof the Salzach, No. 3, 
is the House of Paracelsus (PI. 30: D, 3), the celebrated physician 
and empiric (d. 1541), indicated by liis effigy. — In theMakart-Plat/. 
near the Platzl to the N.W., is the Theatre (PI. 36; D, 3), a hand- 
some roi'oco building by Fellner <t llellmer(lS93), opposite which is 
the house (PI. 20) occupied by Mozart's father in 1769-77. 

The Mirabell-Schloss (Pl.D,2l, erected in 1606 by Archbishop 
Wolf Dietrich, rebuilt after a fire in 1818, is now the property of 
the town. The staircase is adorned with sculptures by Kaph. Donncr 
(1726). The Mirabell-Schloss contains the natural history department 
of the Museum (p.ll9;adm. Sun. 10-1, Wed. 1-4, 40 /i.) and (to the 
right of the entrance) a permanent industrial exhibition (p. 117). 
Behind the Schloss lies the Mimhell Garden^ laid out in the old 
French fashion, with fountains, marble statues, and an aviary. — 
Adjoining Schloss Mirabell on the N. is the well-kept 5<adtparfc 
( PI. C, D, 2), containing a Kurhaus and Bath House (restaurant; con- 
certs, see p. 116), several monuments, and a Panorama (see p. 117). 
— Near the station is a tasteful marble statue of Empress Elisabeth 
(PI. I), 1), by E. Ifellmer (1900). 

On the right bank of the Salzach below the Stadt-Briicke extends 
the Elisabeth Quay (PI. C, D, 3, 2), with a number of villas and the 
Protestant Church (PI. 14), a Romanesque building by Goetz (1867). 
Above the Stadt-Briicke is the Gisela Quay (PI. E, F, 3, 4). with 
a monument to the stadtholder Count Sigismund Than (d. 1892), by 
Breuner. Beyond the Karolinen-Briicke is the Franz- Joseph - Park 
(PI. G, 4), the 'Prater' of Salzburg (swimming-baths, see p. 116 I. 

In the Linzergasse, on the right bank, about 200 paces from the 
Stadt-Briicke, a vaulted ar«hway under No. 14 ( PI. D, 3 ), on the 
light, is the entrance to the *Kapuzinerberg (2130'), The Capuchin 

122 J I. li. 21— Map, p. 124. SALZBUKG. (inisherg. 

Monastery {¥1. 11 5 E, 3) is reached in 8 min. by a 'Route de 
Calvaire', with 225 steps, or by the Kapuziner-Stiege (Steingasse 9; 
also with steps). At the top visitors ring at the gate (2/j.1 and enter 
the park. On the left stands the '■ Mozart- Hduschen' (brought from 
Vienna to its present site), in which Mozart completed his 'Zauber- 
tl(")te' in 1791 (adm. 20 /t.). In front is a bronze bust of Mozart by 
E. Hellmer. We ascend hence through the wood by about 500 steps 
luore. After V4 ^r- ^ finger-post on the left indicates the way 
to the 'Aussicht nach Bayern, whence we survey the new town on 
the riglit bank and the railway-station in the foreground, to the right 
Maria-Plain, to the left Miilln, in the centre the Salzach stretching 
far into the plains of Bavaria, About 2 min. farther on another 
direction-post shows the way ( diverging from the straight path to the 
restaurant) to the (5 min.) ^Stadt-Aussicht'' (1985'), the finest point 
on the Kapuzinerberg (pavilion) : admirable *View of the town and 
fortress, the Hochstauffen, Sonntagshorn, Latten-Gebirge, Unters- 
berg, Sohonfeldspitze, Hohe Goll, Pass Lueg, and Tennen-Gebirge. 
In 5 min. more we reach the Franziszi-Schlossl, or Kapuzmer Schlbssl 
(2200'; restaurant). A back gate here (opened on request) gives on 
a path wliich descends to the N.E. to the (20 min.) Gablerbrau 
Restaurant (PI. G, 1), in the Schallmooser Hauptstrasse. 

Aigen, a chateau and park of Prince Schwarzenberg, at the foot 
of the Gaisberg, 33/4 M. to the S.E. of Salzburg, merits a visit (rail- 
way-station, see p. 125). At the entrance to the grounds (3/4 M. from 
the station) is the Park Hotel <S- Restaurant (R. 1.20-2, pens. 0-8 A"., 
good), with a shady terrace. Those who are pressed for time may 
obtain a guide here (60 h.). The Kanzet is the finest point. 

An easy bridle-path leads from Aigen lo the (I'/z hr.) Zistel Alp 
(p. 123l, passing throvigh the park, and then, by the waterfall, to the left, 
thrniigh the woods, to the Steinwandtner Farms, where it merges in a 
cart-road. Another route leads frojn the Kamel (see above) through fine 
woods to the hamlet of Oaisberg, whence a path ascends to the left. 

About 11/4 hr. above Aigen is Count Platz's chateau of St. Jakob am 
Thurn (ITOO*), an excellent point of view (Vzhr. from stat. Eltbethen, y. 12o). 
Tlie chateau is nccupicd by the cure (*l{cstaurant, with fine view). From 
the 'Aussicht', 5 min. from the chateaii, we enjoy a view of tlie moun- 
tains and the plain of the Salzach, most picturesquely grouped. The Ten- 
nen-Gebirge, the Hohe Goll, Watzmann, Hochkalter, TJntersherg, and Hoch- 
staullen are especially conspicuous. In the background lies Salzburg. 

The *Gai8berg (4220') is the finest point of view near Salz- 
burg. A Z.\HNRAi)BAHN, or raf k-aiid-piuion railway, ascetids in 
summer to the summit from Parsch (1410'), reached from Salzburg 
by railway (p. 125) in 7-8 min., or by steam-tramway in 15-20 min. 
(p. 117). The Hotel Post and Pern. Gaisbergbahn adjoin the station 
at Parsch ; farther up, to the right, are Dr. Breyer's Sanatorium and 
the Obere Kurhaus (p. 116). The ascent or descent by the railway, 
which is 23/4 M. in length, with a maximum gradient of 25:100, 
takes 35-47 min. (fares, up or down 3 K. 50 ft., return-ticket, valid 
for two days, Q K. ; last up train about 5 p.m.). The line ascends on 
the S.W. side of the hill, passing the station of Judenberg Alp 

Hellbrunn. SALZBURG. Map, p.l24. — II. n.2l . 123 

(2415'; inn), to (I3/4M.) the Zistel Alp (3270'; restaurant), and then 
mounts in a wide curve towards the E., through cuttings in the 
Tock, to the upper terminus (4190'). A little to the W. of the ter- 
minal station is the Hotel Gaisberg. open in summer only (R. 1.60- 
4 K., pens. 8 A'.), with a view-tower (20 h.). The *View from the 
(5 rain.) summit embraces the Salzburg Alps and the plain, in 
which seven lakes may be descried (comp. the annexed Panorama). 
The town of Salzburg is seen to advantage from the hotel. 

For pedestrians (3 hr3.) the best route (shadv in the morning) leads 
from Partch to (10 min.) the Obere Kurhaus (p." 122), at the N.W. foot 
of the hill. It then ascends to the left to the (1 hr.) Gersherg (or Zeis- 
herg) Alp (2615'; inn), and thence in zijrzags through wood on the N. side 
to the (i'/j hr.) summit. [A marked path leads from Gersherg to the 
Judenberg Alp in 40 minutes.] — From Parsch to the Ziitel Alp (see ahove) 
via the Judenberg Alp, on foot, l'/.- hr. ; thence to the top, 1 Jir. Route Aigen to the Zistel Alp, see p. 122. 

The Nockstein (3410), a rocky eminence on the N. side of the Gais- 
berg, also repays a visit ('i'/ihrs.; marked path, guide unnecessary). We 
follow the Ischl road, past the Kapuzinerberg, to (3'/2 M.) Ouggental 
(Hatschek), whence the Lamberg-Steig, diverging to the right immediately 
behind the inn, a'^cends in easy windings to the (l'/4 hr.) summit (fine 
view). Another path ascends from the Gersberg Alp to the top of the 
Nockstein in 3/^ hr. 

The imperial chateau of Hellbrmm, 3 M. to the S. of Salzburg, 
may be reached either by the Berchtesgaden electric tramway (p. 1 17 ; 
station with restaurant outside the garden, to the W. ; large ^Gar- 
den- Restaurant below the castle], or from the Karolinen -Briicke 
via the Hellbrunner Allee, with its magnificent old trees (carriages, 
see p. 117). The garden is open to visitors; tickets for the interior 
of the chateau and the water- works 20 h. (automatic machine at 
the entrance). The chateau was built by Archbp. Marcus Sitticus in 
1613 and is adorned with frescoes by Mascagni and others (1615 |. 
There are also a mechanical theatre (with organ and 154 figures) 
and fountains in the taste of the ISth century. The flower-garden 
is adjoined by the Park (adm. free). Ascending the wooded hill 
to the right, we pass the Monat- Schlosschen (so called because 
built in a single month) and arrive at (1/4 hr.) the Stadt-Aussicht. 
commanding a view of Salzburg. Thence throujzh wood to (10 min. ) 
the Watzynann-Aussicht on the other side of the hill, from which 
thf Watzmann is seen to sireat advantage. On our way back we 
descend to the right, after 5 min., to the 'stone theatre', hewn in 
the ro.-k, and return by the drive, skirting the hill to the left. — 
At the station is a large relief-model of the Salzburg Alps (scale 
1:3000), showing the geological formation (adm. 40/i.). 

About I'/y M. to the S. of Hellbrunn (electric tramway, p. 117), is the 
Gothic chateau of Anif (Countess Sojiliie Moy), with a fine park (no ad- 
miFsion). — From Hellbrunn to the station f^i Hellbrunn- Glasenbach (p. 12 J). 
V2 hr. ; to Aigen (p. 122) a walk of about 50 min. by a sunnv road via the 
Sigmund-Thun Bridge and the Stanzinuhof (inn). 

To the S.W. of .-^alzburg (IV2 M.) is the chateau of Leopoldskron 
(comp. PI. ]», 1)^ with a fish-pond and Swimming Bath (p. 116 ; restaurant; 
rowing and sailing boats). From this point the extensive LeopoMtkrouer 
Moot stretches southwards to the base of the Untersberg. On the 'Moos- 

124 //. Houte -n. SALZBURG. 

Strassc', which traverses the moor to Glaneck, are a group of 200 houses 
inhabited by peat-cutters, and the 'Moos-Bader' or peat-baths (omnibus, 
see p. 116). The Ludwigshad is 1 M. from Leopoldskron, and the Marien- 
bad IV.' M. 

Fiirstenbrunn and Marble Quarries. From the station Grbdig (p. 100 ; 
electric-tramwav in 3/4 hr.) a path (marked) leads at the foot of the Unters- 
berf;, past the (l'/? M.) Rosittenicirt, V2 W. to the S. of the old castle of 
Glaneck to the (IV2 M.) Kugelmiihle Inn. Thence ascending by the 
falls of the Olan it leads to P/i M.) the Fiirstenbrunn (1950'), the excellent 
water of which (41° Fahr.) is now conducted to Salzburg. In the vicinity 
are the Quarries which yield the beautiful Untersberg marble (Inn zum 
Furstenbrunn). Visitors to the quarries requir.e a permit from the manager. 

To the N. (31/2 M.), on the ri^ht bank of the Salzach, rises the con- 
spicuous pilgrimage-church of Maria-Plain (1845'), erected in 1634. The 
terrace of the Plainwirt (good inn) commands a splendid view of Salzburg 
and the surrounding mountains (evening-light most advantageous). 

The Untersberg, the most conspicuous mountain in the environs of 
Salzburg, culminates in the Geiereck (5925'), the Salzburger Hoehthron 
(6080'), and the Berchtesgadener Hoehthron (6470'). The paths are indicated 
by red marks, so that experienced mountaineers may dispense with a guide 
in good weather (guides, Jos. Havtzinger, Andreas GriinbacJier, and Josef 
F^tarlinger at Salzburg; Jos. Kiilbel at Untersberghaus). — For the Salz- 
burger Ilochtliron (5'/'i-6 hrs.) a path leads from Grodig (see above) to the 
W to the (V2 hr.) Rosiitmwirt (see above), then to the S. through the wooded 
Rositten-Tal to (1 hr.) the Lower Rositten Alp (2655'; deserted), which we 
may also reach from Grcidig by a steep path over the Gvodiger Tori 
(3190'; 1^4 hr.). We then ascend to (IV2 hr.) the Upper Rositten Alp (4220'; 
also d'eserted). About 10 min. farther on is a finger-post pointing to the 
left to the (3/4 hr.) Schellenberger Sattel (4700'), whence we may descend 
(guide essential) to the left, via the Drachenloch and the Kienberg Alp., to 
the Rerchtesgaden road (to Schellenberg 3 hrs.). — From the above- 
mentioned finser-post the path to the right leads to a second way-post, 
pointing (right) via the Kolowrai- Sattel to the ('/•-' hr.) Kolowrat-Hohle 
(1560'), a cavern containing fantastic ice-formations; a flight of steps in 
liie rock, protected by railings, descends to the bottom of the cavern, 
which is 200 ft. deep. Proceeding to the left ('Nach den Gamslochern 
und Geiereck'), we reach (5 min.) a third finger-post indicating the position 
of the Gamslodter. a curious series of grottoes (fine view from two openings 
in the largest, the 'Halle'), which lie a few paces from the path. We now 
ascend to the right by the Dopplersteig. boldly hewn in the rocks of the 
Geiereck (345 vds. long; perfectlv safe but requiring a steady head), to 
the (I'/i hr. from the Upper Rositten Alp) Untersberg- Haus (541()'; Inn, 
open in winter also). We may thence ascend the Geiereck (5925'; iron 
cross at the top) in 1/2 hr. and proceed via the ridge, passing the Jung- 
fern- nriinnl., to the (25 min.) Salzburger Hoehthron (6O8O'), a magni- 
ficent point of view. — The descent from the Geiereck by the E. arete 
(Piirtscheller-Steig) to the Schellenberger Sattel (see above) requires an 
absolutely steady head. 

Another path to the top of the Geiereck leads from the Rosittenwirl 
(see above) to the S.W. through wood to (I'/z hr.) the Fivmian Alp (3250'; 
deserted); then up the Steinerne Stiege and past the Schafleck to the 
(21/2 hrs.) T'nter.sberg-Haus. — An interesting but fatiguing descent from 
the Salzburger Hoehthron leads via the (IV2 hr.) SchweigmuUer-Alpe (4895'), 
then to the left below the Sau.%ende Wandio the (IV2 hr.) Veitlbmch quarry 
and to (I hr.) Glaneck (?ee above). About 1/2 hr. after leaving the summit 
this route passes within 5 min. (to the right) of the Eiskeller., a large 
cave with ice-formations. — The ro\ite from the Salzburger Hoehthron to 
the Berchtesgadeiier Hoehthron {('jilO') by the ifittag-Scharle takes 3-3 V2 hrs., 
and is very trying (guide desirable); see p. 108. 



S^j)L\~ -flSML^m ^ ,f-^ 



22. From Salzburg to Hallein and Golling. 

18 M. Railway (comp. R. 20) to (11 M.) Hallein Id 21-35 min. •, to (18 M.) 
Golling in 37 min. - 1 hr. 

Salzburg^ see p. 115. To the left as we quit the station is the 
church of Maria-Plain (p. 124). I3/4 M. Gniyl (Fuchs ; Neuhauser 
Hof). The train describes a wide curve round the Kapuzinerberg 
(p. 121). On a hill to the left lies the chateau of Neuhaus, belonging 
to Count Thun. 3 M. Parsch [^Gaisbtry Railway, see p. 122) ; 32/4 M. 
Aiyen ( p. 122). The Salzach is now approached and the precipitous 
Untersberg becomes more prominent, with the Watzmann and Hohe 
Gull adjoining it on the left. 5 M. HelU>runn-Glasenbach, i^/iM. 
from Hellbrunn (p. 123). — 62/4 M. Elsbethen l7Aeg\&n Inn), with a 
chateau, a monastery, and the school of GoLdenslein. St. Jakob am 
Thurn (p. 122) lies IV2 M. to the S. — Heyond (S'/.j M.) Puch- 
fiberalm, on the left bank of the Salzach, is the large brewery of 

11 M. Hallein. — Hotels. •Gor.uFyKR Stern, with salt-baths, near the 
station, 80 R. at 1.60-3, pens. 5-7A'. ; Altk Post; Stampflbrau, with 
garden; •Aubock ; Zuk Schunen Aussicht, with terrace and baths; ScnoN- 
uorfer; Eailway Hotel. — Pension Grukelschlossl (J)r. K. Herger), 
with saline and peat baths, R. 3-6, pens. 9-12 A".; Obkkalm Hydkop.^thi.;, 
'/•i! M. from the station, with fine view. 

Hallein (1450'). an old town (7000 inhab.) on both banks of the 
Salzach, is noted for its salt-works and frequented as a health resort. 
Pleasant Stadtpark ; saline baths, with inhaling room; swimming 
baths; small museum with Celtic and Roman antiquities. The salt 
works produce annually about 2000 tons of salt (adm. 40 h.\ 

The salt-mines on the Diirnberg (2625'; Sonne; Bergmannsireu), whence 
the brine is obtained, are easily reached from Hallein in 3/^ hr. on foot 
or by carriage (two-horse 8 K. and fee of 2 K.). The route ascends to the 
left at the (11/4 M.) Weg^-cheide Inn (p. 12G). The mode of extracting the 
salt from the earthy matter with which it is mingled is described at 
p. 143. About 2U0 miners are employed here. Those who have not yet 
explored a salt-mine may avail themselves of this opportunity, and expert.s 
will find several points of great interest. — Visitors are admitted to the 
mines daily (including Sun. and holidays): 1 person 6, two or more pers. 
each 3 K. In summer daily at 3-4 p.m. a cheap excursion is orfianized (2 A", 
each pers.). Gratuities are forbidden, and the proceeds are devoted to 
charitable purposes. Tickets are obtained at the entrance to the mines. 
The donning of mining-attire and the mode of 'travelling in the interior' 
are much the same as already described (p. 103). The vi.sit occupies 1 hr. 

ExccRSioNs from Hallein (guide, Joh. Kurz of Diirnberg). Pretty view 
from the RaspenhUhe (2935'), V2 br. from the Diirnberg (marked path). The 
*Kleine Barmstein (2750') commands a magnihceut view of the surrounding 
mountains and of the valley of the Salzach. A marked path leads from Hallein 
by Theresensiuhe and past the ruins of Diemdl to (IV2 hr.) the summit. 
The Orosse Barmstein (2790'), V* br. to the N.W. of the Kleine Barmstein, 
is less interesting. This expedition may be made also from Berchtesgaden 
(p. 107; 3 hrs.): from (2 hrs.) Zill (p. 126) we proceed to the left to 
(25 min.) the hamlet of Mehlweg (\iew), which lies about Vz br. from the 
top of the Kleine Barmstein. — A marked path leads to the N.W. from 
Mehlweg via the Lueg-Biihel to the (','2 hr.) top of the GoUchen (p. 100) and 
thence down tu (11/4 hr.) St. Leonhard (p. lOU). 

126 //. R. 22. — Map, p. 124. GOLLING. From Salzburg 

The RoBsfeld, the N. spur of the Hohe Gcill, may be ascended in 3'/'2 hrs., 
by a steep path (way-inarks defective) leading via the Diirnberg and thmugh 
wood to the f2 hrsj Pechhdutl Inn (oGSO') and thence via the Ross/eld Alp 
(470;')'; rfints.) to the (I'A hr.) Iltnnenkdpji (5090'; splendid view); thence 
along the rid^e. leaving the Ahornhiiclisen (the highest summit, 52G5') to 
the left, and via the Upper Ah or n Alp (inn) to the (I'A hr.) Ecker-Sattel (p. 108). 

— The ascent of the Hohe G611 (8275') is not difliciilt for experts (fr. m 
Hallein T'/z hrs. ; guide 14 A'.). From the church of Durnbevg (p. 125) 
we ascend bv a marked path to the (2 hrs.) Truckeutann Alp and, skirting 
the K. .-^lope "of the Ro.-sfeld, via the DUrrfeichten Alp (4415'), to the (IV2 hr.) 
Ecker-Sattel and the (1 hr.) Furtscheller-Huus on the Eckerfirst (p. 109), '6 hrs. 
below the ti>p (comp. p. 127). 

The Schlenken (54U0') is easily ascended in 41/2 hrs. by a marked paJh 
via Waidach and Spumberg (Zillreut Inn); or from Hallein direct via Renger- 
herg (the route via Adnet, with marble-quarries, is Y* b""- longer). A marked 
path leads from the Schlenken via the Schneide to the (1 hr.) Schmittenstein 
(5555'), commanding a tine panorama. 

To Bekchtesgaden (7 M.), a pleasant road, recommended to walkers 
(steep at the beginning and end and not very suitable f(ir driving). The 
route pa.cses the church and leads to the (25min.) Wegscheid Inn (1975'; to 
the left, the route to the Diirnberg). The road here turns to the right, 
crosses the (V2 M.) Austrian frontier, and reaches the ('/4M.) Bavarian 
custom-house of Zill (2150'; Inn). We then traverse a hilly plateau (view 
of the Untersberg to the right), and finally descend rapidly through the 
wooded Nesseltal-Qraben to the (3 31.) Salzburg-Berchtesgaden road (p. JOO), 
reaching it near the station oi Reckenberg on the electric tramway (p. 100). 

— Another road runs from the Diirnberg via Oberau direct to (9 M.) Berchtes- 
gaden or to (9 M.) Hintereck (p. 1C6). 

To the Almbachstrub. Road through the Wiestal (or Almlal) to the 
(10 M.) Neuhdusl (inn), and thence by a new road, the highest point of 
which {Franz - Reyl - Steig) commands magniQcent views of the Ravine of 
the Slrubbach, flanked with huge precipices (to the Leopoldinenklause 1 hr.). 
Road thence to (IV2 M.) Faistenau (2580'; Post, well spoken of), 2 M. to the 
S. of which is the Hintersee (2250'; Ebner). To the E. of Faistenau an 
easy path leads over the (3 hrs.) Faistenauer Scha/berg (5110'; fine view) 
and through the Tiefbrunnau to (2V2 hrs.) Fuschl (p. 134). 

13 M. Vigaun. The train crosses the Taugelbach, which issues 
from a deep gorge, 3 M. to the E. From [16 M.) Kuc.hl (1525'; Neu- 
wirt), an old village with a Gothic church, a path leads to the right 
across the Salzach direct to the (274 M.) Schwarzbach Fall (see 
below). — 18 M. GoUiny-Abtenau. 

Golling. — Hotels. " Alte Post, in the village, 70 R. at 1.60-4, pens. 
(j-iOK. ; Neue Post ; Schwarzee Adleb, R. 1-2 ^., well spoken of; 'Hot.-Pens. 
Bahnhof, at the station, 40 R. at 1.60-3, pens. 6-8 -ff. ; "Golt.inger Hof, 
2 min. from the station, 60 R. at 2-5, pens. 7-9 K. 

Golling (1535'), a village with 800 inhabitants, is a favourite 
summer-resort. Above it rises an old castle (now occupied by the 
district authorities). The cemetery, adjoining the church, commands 
an admirable view. On the E. side is the (10 min.) Bachstatt, a 
spur of the Rabenstein, with pleasant grounds and fine points of 
view. — The route to the (21/4 M.) *Gollinger Wasserfall or 
Schwarzbach Fall cannot be mistaken (one-horse carr. for 1-2 pers. 
3, 3 pers. 4 K. and fee). We turn to the right from the station, 
cross the Salzach near the Gollinger Hof, and follow the road to the 
right in the direction of the church oi St. Nikolaus, on a hill, at the 
foot of which is the (1 1/2 M.) *n6tel Torren (R. from 80 h., pens. 

loGolling. GOLLING. Maps, pj>. 124, 154.— II. R. 2^. 121 

4-6 A'.), with mineral baths and a charming view. Thence in about 
1 mill, more we reach the Gasthaus zum Amerikaner, and 6 min. 
beyond it the WasserfalL Inn, beside a mill. An easy path, protected 
by railings, leads along the wooded slope of the Kleine Gbll to the 
(^74 ^r.) spot (^1900') where the Schxrarzbach issues in a copious 
stream from the rooks and is precipitated through an aperture over 
a clitf 200' high, in two vast leaps. The Schwarzbach is tabled to 
be one of the outlets of the Kijnigs-See (p. 105), which lies about 
9 M. to the J^.W. and 75' higher. 

The *Sal2ach-0efen, 2 M. to the S. of Golling. on the W. side 
of the highroad to Werfen (one-horse carr. in '20 min., 3-4 K.; 
halfway is the Leopold Hofer Inn) , are curious and picturesque 
ravines, tilled with huge blocks of rock heaped together in wild 
confusion, between which the SaUach has forced its passage for 
upwards of a mile. At the N. and S. entrances to the Oefen are 
finger-posts indicating the approach, and not 1/4 ^^- apart, whilst 
the walk through the rocky gorge occupies 1/2 b'^- ^ V'^^^ leads 
along the left bank of the Salzach to a point of view ('der Oefen 
Ende') commanding the best survey of the Oefen as well as a glimpse 
of the Salzach-Tal, and to the (1/4 hr.) Kroaten-Hohle, a fortified 
cave on the slope of the Hagen-Gebirge, at the entrance of the Pass 
Laeg. — At the S. entrance to the Oefen is the Maria Brunneck 
Chapel (see below). 

The *Pas8 Lueg, a grand ravine of the Salzach, 6 M. in length, 
between the Tennen-Gebirge on the E. and the Hagtn-Gebirge on the 
W., forms a fitting portal from the lower to the higher Alps. (It 
should be traversed on foot or in an open carriage as far as Sulzau, 
see below; one-horse carr. 9 K.) The pass is frequently men- 
tioned in the records of the struggles of 1809, in memory of which 
the Strubtr Monument was erected in 1898 near the chapel of 
Maria- Brunneck ( 1815' j. About 1/4 M. from the diapel are forti- 
fications constructed in 1836, and 3/^ M. farther on is the bridge of 
the Innsbruck railway (see p. 153). The road follows the right 
bank, passing (2 M.) the unpretending Stegenwald Inn, to (1 Y2 M.) 
5uizai/ (station, p. 153; Struber's Restaurant). 

Fkom <ioLLiNG TO Berchtesg A DEN (6'/2 hrs. ; guidc, SK.. unnecessary 
for experts). From the (2 M.) Wa.'^serfall Inn a path (red marks) ascends 
the N. side of the valley (opposite are the precipices of the Hohe GoU, 
forming the Wilde Freitfiof) to the (3'/4 hrs.) Diirrfeichten Alp (4425'; 
accommodaiion) and the ('A hr.) Ecker-Sattel (4635'j, between the Eckerjirst 
and Ahornbiichse, with a view of the Hohe G611. Tennen-Gebirge, Dach- 
stein, and Salzach-Tal (to the Purtschelhr-Haus, I hr.. see p. 1C9), From 
the Sattel we descend via Binlereck (p. 106) to (3 hrs.) Berchlesgaden. A 
longer (by IV2 hr.) but finer route from the Diirrfeichten Alp leads to 
the (1 hr.) top of the Hennenkopfl (p. lOS), then down to the Rott/eld Alp 
and via Resten and Unterau to the Laroswachl (p. 107). — The 'Hohe GoU 
(8275') mav be scaled from the (4V2 hrs.) PurUcheller- Haus in 3 hrs., see 
pp. 109, 126 (guide 16 .ff.; if. Reiter at Gulling). 

From Golling to the Konigs-See via the BIuntau-Tal and the Torrener 
Joeh, 7-8 hrs., see p. 106 (marked path, guide not indispensable). A carriage- 
I .ad leads to the (3 M.) Jagdhavt (ilW), above which, to the left, is the 

1^8 //. R.23. — Map, p. 136. LAMBACH. 

picturesque Torrener Water/all, and thence via the Alpwinkel Alp to the 
(9 M.) Joch Falls (p. 106). 

Koute from Golling to Abtenau and Ootau, see p. 153; the *Lammer- 
ofen are about 6'/.; M. from Golling, and the Aubach Fall about 9 M. (one- 
horse carr. to the former and back, in 4-5 hrs., 8 A', two-horse carr. 12 A"., 
to the Aubach Fall and back, 10 or 16 AT.). 

The Schwarze Berg (5190') may be ascended from Golling by a marked 
path via St. Anton and Kellau in 3V2-4 hrs. (fati^tiing; guide useful); fine 
view from the summit. Descent via the Lehngries Alp to Scheffau (p. 153). 

23. From Linz to Salzburg. 

lV/-i M. State Railway. Express in 23/4-3 hrs. (fares 15 K. 60, 9 K. 50, 
6 A'. 10 h.) ; ordinary trains in 3V2-5 hrs. (11 K. 80, 7 K. 20, 4 K. 60 h.). 

Linz, see p. 542. — 6 M. Hbrsching ; 11 M. Marchlrenk. — 
If) M. Wels (990'; *Greif, R. 2.50-4 K.; HromaiUas Railway Hotel, 
R. 1.80-2.40 A'.; TCaiserin von Oesterreich, butli at the station,- Post; 
hrei Kronen; Weisses Rossi; Kaiserkrone ; Rail. Restaurant^, a town 
of 12,200 inhab., on the Traun, has a restored Gothic church and 
an old castle in which Emp. Maximilian T. died in 1519. The muni- 
cipal Museum (8-12 & 2-5, Sun. 8-12 only; adm. 40 /t.) contains 
Roman antiquities, weapons, and industrial exhibits. Thii (1/2 hr.) 
Marienwarte, on the Reinbery (1280'), commands a wide prospect. 
Wels is tlie junction for Passau (see Baedeker s Southern Germany). 

From Wels to GeOnau, 29 M., railway in 2 hrs. through the piclur- 
es(iue Almtal. — 3 M. Schauersberg, with an old Gothic pilgrimage-church. 
Beyond (5 M.) Steinhaus we enjoy a fine view of the Priel group, the Dach- 
stein, and the Traunstein. From (9V2 M.) Sattledt a branch -line diverges 
to the left for Kremsmunster and Unter-Rohr (p. 561; lO'/z M. in 40 min.). 
The line turns to the S. and enters the pastoral valley of the Aiterbach before 
(15 M.) Voitsdorf; then, beyond (20 M.) Pettenbach (Aitzetmiiller), an ancient 
industrial place (the Rinnan Vetonianum), it enters the densely peopled 
Almtal. To the left appears the castle of -Seisenbuj'g (restaurant; view). 
Beyond (21 M.) Heiligenleiten, with its pilgrimage -chapel, we proceed via 
Steinbachbriicke and Viechtwang to (25V2 M.) Scharnstein-Miihldorf (*Lidauer ; 
Abpurg), with a .scythe-factory and a chateau. Abcut II/2 M. to the S.E., 
in the Tissenbach- Graben (rhododendrons), is the interesting ruin of Scharti- 
stein. The Hochsalm (4600') may easily be ascended in 2V2 hrs. (tine view) 
from the station. Road to (9 M.) Gmunden via St. Konrad. see p. 139. — 
The railway goes on via Kothmilhle and Traxenbichl to (29 M.) Griinau (1715'; 
* Schaitenwirt ; Hochhaus Kirchenmiihle), a finely situated village, at the fooj. 
of the Kasberg (5720'), ascended hence in 3V2 hrs. by a marked path via 
the Farrenan-Alp and the Kasberg Alp (rfmta.). An interesting path leads 
to the W. from Griinau via the Hauergraben and the Durchgang (3780') to 
the (4 hrs). Mairalm (p. 139). — From Griinau a good road (carriages 14-16 .ff.) 
gradually ascends to the (9 M.) 'Almsee (1930'), grandly situated on the N. 
margin of the Tote Gebirge (good accommodation at the Seehaus, belonging 
to the Abbey of Kremsmiinster). We may ascend hence to the IJlmgrubc 
(p. 148) and to the top of the Grossc Priel (p. 562). Passes to Steyrling, the 
Offensee, and Alt-Aussee, see pp. 562, 141, and 148 (guides at Griinau). 

20M. (runsfcirc/ien.— 231/2 M.Lambach (1200'; Rail. Restaurant, 
with rooms; Rossi, R. 1.60-4 K., well spoken of; Elefant), a small 
town (1700 inhab.) with several large buildings. Among these is 
a Benedictine Abbey (founded in 1032), containing a considerable 
library and nine altar-pieces by Sandrart. From a wooded height 
on the right bank of the Traun, below the month of the Ayer, peeps 

TKACN FALL. //. lioule 'j:i. 129 

I lie pilgrimage - church of Paura , triangular in form, with three 
towers, and paved with marble of three different colours, founded 
in 1722 in honour of the Trinity. 

Feom Lambach to Gmdnden, 171/2 M., branch railway in l>/4 hr. The 
line crosses the Traun and runs towards the S., in view of the Trauu- 
stein (p. 13J), the outline of which is said to resemble the profile of 
Louis XVI ; to the left beyond it the glaciers of the Dachstein , to the 
right the Hollen-Gebirge. 8 M. Roitham; 9V2 M. Tvaunfall , from which a 
path descends to the right, through wood, to the (20 min.) "Traun Fall 
(/»» at the foot of the fall), with electric power works. A long, indented 
ridge of conglomerate extends halfway across the river towards the left 
bank, over and through which the clear green Traun is precipitated 
from a height of 43'. The fall is best seen from the bridge, and from 
the projecting rock below the bridge. On the right bank of the river is a 
Canal ('Der gute Fall'), 400 yds. in length, constructed in 1573, with a fall 
of 50*, which carries the salt-barges past the waterfall (in about 1 min.). 
For a fee of 40-60 h. one of the miller's men closes this canal and so 
causes the whole of the water to be precipitated over the rocks. The 
descent from Gmunden to the falls by one of the salt-barges (fare 3 K.) 
is a pleasant trip, quite unattended with danger; the start is usually 
made on Thurs. or Frid. at 9 a.m. and on Sat. at 7.30 a.m. and the fall 
reached in iVchr. ; passengers (who must give notice the day before at 
SchiiT.^lande 4) disembark about V* 31 lower down, and return by train. 
Special passenger-barges also make occasional trips. — Footpath to Gmunden 
(3-3V2 hrs.), see p. 139. 

Next stations Aidiberg-Steyrerinilhle, with a large paper-mill, Laa- 
kirchen, Obericeis, And Engelhof. 171/2 M. (Jwiunrfen (Seebahnhof, IV2 M. from 
the station of the State Railway; see p. 137j. 

25 M. Markt Lambarh, The line quits the Traun and enters the 
valley of the Ager (p. 130). On the left are the Priel group, Traun- 
stein, and Hollen-Gebirge; between them the Dachstein, — 28 M. 
Breitenschiitzing ; SO'/o M- Schwanendadt (Hirsch; MarschellerJ, 
41/2 M. to the N.W. of the Traun Fall (see above). — 34 M. Attnang- 
Puchheim (1360'; Rail. Hotel ^ Restaurant), the junction of the 
railway to Ischl (R. 26). 

From Attnasg to Scharding,41 M., railwayin 2'/2-3hrs., see Baedeker''s 
Southern Germany. From (6 M.) Manning -Wolf segg^ the second station, a 
pleasant road leads to the E. to(2 M.) "Wolfsegg(22y6'; "Hiiltl with view ; Po$t\ 
a small town charmingly situated on the slope of the Hausruck. The park 
of Count St. Julien (particularly the 'Schanze') commands a beautiful view 
of the hilly environs, with numerous villages, beyond which rise the Alps. 

To the left is the ancient chateau of Puchheim ; in the background 
the Hollen-Gebirge (p. 140). — 361/2 M. Vocklabruck (1430'; Rail. 
Restaurant; Post, R. 1.50-5 TT.,- Fuchstorfer) is a little town (2000 in- 
hab.) on the Ager, with old gate-towers and remains of walls. On a 
height to the E. is the old Gothic church of Schl'mdorf. — Branch- 
line to Kammer on the Attersee, see p. 130. 

The train twice crosses the Vockla, which flows into the Ager 
liere. 4OV2 M. Timmelkam ; 43^/2 M. Neukirchen-Gampern ; 44 M. 
l?cc/i-Zjj)/'(Traumuller),with a large brewery (right) ; 47 M. Vockla- 
markt ; 49V2 M. Frankenmarkt (1675'). The railway now quits the 
Vockla and winds through the wooded hills which form the water- 
shed between the Trann and the Inn. 54 M. Pbndorf. The highest 
point (197^) is near (56 xM.) Ederbauer. To the left, above (08V2 M.) 

Baedkkek's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 9 

130 JJ. liouWJS. MATT8KE. 

liabenschxcand- Oberhofen, we observe the ovorhangiiig buiuuiit oi 
the Scliatberg and the Schober (p. 133). 

A road (diligeuce daily to Moiidsee iu 2 hra.) runs hence, skirting the 
Zeller See ur Irr-See, to (41/2 M.) Zell am Moos (Bahn'a Inn) and (9 W.) 
Mondsee (i». 133). Pleasant baths in the Irr-See (V* M. from Oberhofen): 
vicAv from the Schafberg, etc. Near the lake arc Celtic barrows and other 

GO M. Strasiwalchen (Alte Post); 617.2 M. Steindorf {Ri.\\. Ke- 
stauraut), the junction for Braunau; 62l/o M. Neumarkt-Kostendorf 


The Tannberg (2570'; Restaurant^ with view -tower), easily ascended 
from Nenmarkt via KSstendorf in IV2 hr., is a splendid point of view (marked 
path). Descent to Mattsee (IV2 hr. ; see below). 

Beyond (66 M.) Wcng* the train skirts the pretty Wallenee (1663'), 
33/4 M. in length. — From (67 M.) Wallenee (Sigl), a small electric 
launch plies to Henndorf, on the E. bank of the lake. — 69 M. See- 
kirchen (1675'; inn). 

A diligence plies thrice daily in 50 min. from Seekirchen via Obertrum 
to (8 M.) Mattsee (1650'; Post; Igelhauser; Kapitelmrt) , a summer - resort 
(531 inhab.), charmingly situated on a headland between the Ohev-Trumer 
See and yieder-Trumer See (the '■Mattseen''). It contains an abbey founded 
in 777 (library; collection of fossils). On the W. bank of the Ober-Trumer 
See i.s Seeham (Hot. - I'eus. Kohlbergor, with ground.^), another summer- 
resort. About IVs M. to the N.W. is the smaller Grabensce. The Schlossbenj 
(1S55'; 1/4 hr. from Mattsee) affords a iiood survey, and the Buchherg (2610"; 
I'/z br.) an extensive panorama. 

■■ The train then enters a wooded tract and crosses the deep ravine 
of the Fischach (outllow of the Wallersee) several times. 71'/2M. 
Kuj/cnrfor/- (p. 133); 7372 M- Hallivang-Elixhausen (Graachl). 'J'he 
train turns sharply to the S. and runs through a wooded ravine into 
the valley of the Salzach (to the left the cone of the C-Jaisberg, to the 
right the Hohe Gcill, Tennen- Gebirge, Untersberg, and Stauffen ; 
over the last the snow-fields of the Uebergossene Alp). 76 M. Berg- 
Maria-Plain (p. 124). — 771/2 M. Salzburg, see p. 115. 

24. The Attersee and Mondsee. 

Kailwat from Vocklabruck to Kammer, 7V2 M., in 32 min. (fares 1 A'. 40, 
90, 50 ft.). Steamboat on the Attersee from Kammer to Unterach six times 
daily in summer in 2V4 hrs. (fare 3 AT. 20 or 2 K. 10 /».). — Electkic Tkamway 
from "Unterach to /See, hourly in summer, in 1/4 hr. (60 h.). — Steamboat 
on the Mondsee ten times daily from See to Mondsee in I-IV4 hr. (fare 1 ^. 80 
or 1 A'. 20 h. ; to Scharfling in V-' hr., 90 or 60 h.). At Plambei-g (pp. 132, 134) 
wo may quit tlic Mondsee steamer for the i-ailway. 

Vocklabruck, see p. 129. The Attersee line diverges from the 
State Railway a little to the AV. of the Vdckla-Brucke and skirts the 
winding Ager. 2^/2 M. Oberthalheim-Timmelkam; ^M. Pichlwang. On 
the left, beyond the finely wooded hills, rise the Traunstein and the 
Hollen-Gebirge. 4V2 M. Le?ism</,- b^j^^- SitbenmiXhltn^ so called 
from the seven mills in the Au^ to the left. The train now crosses 
the Ager. 

ATTliK^KE. Map,p.l30. — IL li.l'4. 131 

7*/«> M. Kammer. — Hotels. *11ut.-Pens. Skehof, with garden and 
baths, 80 R. at 1.50-iir.. closed iu winter-, Hofwikt, 30 R. at 1.60-3 JT., well 
spoken of; TKAUBb, unpretending; Stallingeu, Haupl, at Seetoalchen, 1 M. 
to the X.W. ; Blale Tkaube, Mittknookfek, at Schoi-fling, Vj M. to the K. 
Lodgings at the chateau and at several villas. Baths in the Ager. 

Kammer. a village prettily situated at the N. end of the Atter- 
see, with a chateau, is a favourite summer-resort. — To Gmunden 
via the Honyar, see p. 138. 

The Attersee, or Kammersee (1525'), 12 V2 M- i" lengtli, 1-2 M. in 
breadth, and 660 ft. in depth, the largest lake in Austria (18 sq. M.), 
is bounded by picturesque mountains at the S. end. To the right 
the finely-shaped Schafberg rises precipitously from the water; to 
the S.E. is the broad range of the Hollen-Gebirge, stretching towards 
the Traunsee. 

The steamer, leaviug the quay near the railway-station, skirts 
the E. bank to Weyregg (Post), a village on the site of an ancient 
Roman settlement, and then crosses the lake diagonally to Attersee 
(*H6tel-Pens. Attersee, with baths, R.2-4, board 4 A'. 50 /i.), charm- 
ingly situated at the foot of the Buchbery (2650'), with a Roman 
Catholic aud a Protestant church. On the W. bank «e next touch 
at Morganhof, Xussdorf (Hofmann), Panschallen , and Stocktvinket 
(inn), and on the E. at Steinbach (^Zum llollengebirge) and al 
Forstamt Weissenbach, prettily situated at the foot of the Hollcn- 

Fkom Stkinbavu to thk Langbath Lakes, 3V-j hrs. (.red waj -markjs"). 
A road diverging to the left at the (','2 M.) Inn aum Hollen-Gebirge (path 
via Fettchten preferable in dry weather) leads to the P/4 hr.) Kim-Klniisi 
(1940'). Then through wood and over the Kraberg-Ta/erl ('^780') to the (1 lir.) 
Aurach-Klausc; thence down the Aurach-Tal to the Grost-Ahn (p. 138) and 
over the Lueg (p. 138 •, vellow wav-marks) to the (I'A hr.) Hintere Langbath- 
See (1). 140). 

The steamer now steers close to the precipitous rocks at the 
upper end of the lake, and touches at Weissenbach (*Post Hotel, 
of the first class, 180 beds at 2-8, board A".), whence a good road 
leads through the sequestered Weissenbach-Tal, between the Hollen- 
Gebirge and the Leonsberg, to (91/2 ^0 Mitter- Weissenbach (p. 141 ; 
motor-omnibus to Ischl thrice daily in ^/4 hr., fare '6K., see p. 144). 
The steamer coasts the pine- clad Breitenberg to Vnter-Burgau (Hotel 
Burgau) and — 

TJnterach (*U6tel am See, 50 R. at 1.20-4, pens. 5-8 AT.; 
■^Post; Zum Kastanienwald, R. 1.60-4 A'., good; Schiff; Anker), a 
summer-resort, beautifully situated at the mouth of the <Sec-i4r/<(, 
which descends from the Mondsee. 

Excursions (guide, Jot. Forstner). A pleasant walk may be taken along 
the lake to the (20 min.) Kaiserbrunnen and past the (10 min.) mouth of 
the Burggraben, and thence to (20 min.) Unter-Burgau and (40 min.) Weissen- 
bach (see above). In the Burggraben is the (2J min. from the entrancej 
romantic Burggraben - Klamm, accessible by those with steady heads. — 
A marked path, protected with railings at difflcult places, leads through 
the Burggraben, crosses the O/2 hr.) stream, and proceeds via the Moos Alp 
to the (IV2 hr.) Schwarze See (p. 135) aud (i'/a hr.) St. Wolfgang (p. 135j. 

132 11. R.'-J4. — Map,v.lJ0. MUNDSEE. Salzkammerynt. 

AriCKNT OK TiiK ScuAFBEKG (p. 135) FBOH Untkkach, 4-4'/: hrs. ; guide, 
aiivisable for the inexperienced, 6^., from See on the Mondseei^. 80 /i.)- 
We follow the Mundsee road to Oh M.) a guide-post indicating a path 
leading over a bridge to the left, and ascending the right bank of the Ache 
through fine wood. Where the path forks (3/4 M.), we take the branch 
to the left (the footpath to the right leads to the Jlondsee, see below), and 
loUow the red marks to (I'/s-Q hrs.) the Eisenauer Alp (3350'; rfmta.)- Hence 
in 1 hr. to the Suissen Alp, above the picturesque little Griinsee (almost dry 
in midsummer) ; we then ascend again for about 5 min. and skirt the rocks 
of the Schafberg to the right by an almost level path for 25 min. (fine view 
of the Attersee and Mondsee). Finally, beyond the Kaiterquelle^ the path 
ascends in zigzags and by steps cut in the rock (provided with a railing, 
and quite safe) to the Himmelsp forte, a passage hewn through the rocks of 
the Scha/loch, on emerging from which we have a magnificent view of the 
Dachatein and Hochkonig, previously concealed. A few paces farther on 
we reach the (V2 hr.) Schafberg Hotel (p. 136). — An interesting route (steady 
head essential) leads from the Suis.-^eu Alp (see above) past the Griin-See 
and over the Schafberg- Gatterl to the (1 hr.) Miinich-See (4140') and thence 
by the 'Purtscheller-Steig' (rope) to the (8/4 hr.) Wetterloch (p. 136) and the 
C/j hr.) Schafberg Hotel. From the Miinich-See a marked path leads via 
the Aurissen Alp and through the Dietlbach-Tal to (li/-2 hr.) St. Wolfgang. 
— Those ascending the Schafberg from the Mondsee do not need to go the 
whole way to Unterach, but follow a path ascending direct from the lake, 
which joins the Unterach route in '/'^ hr. 

Between "Unterach and the Mondsee (electiic tramway, seep. 130) 
we may follow the road on the left bank of the Ache via the Miihl- 
liilner-BruckednA.Au, or we may take the heautiful shady path on the 
ripht bank, -which passes 06cr-jBurgfat^(InnzurWiesenau, well spoken 
of), and reaches (B M.) the steamboat-station See (inn), at the E. end 
ot till! Mondsee (1570'). The Schafberg here rises abruptly from the 
lake; opposite us to the W. is the Drachenstein, and beyond it the 
Schober. The lake is 7M. long and 1-1 1/4 M. broad, and is bounded 
on the N. by wooded hills of moderate height. A road skirts the S. 
bank of the lake from See to (li/4hr.) Scharfling, piercing the Kien- 
bergwand by means of a short tunnel. The steamboat calls at Wald- 
hotet Kreuzstein (R. 3-5 K.) at the foot of the Kienhergwand (S. 
bank; to the Altershach Waterfall^ 8 min.), and at Pic//i (*Auhof, R. 
1 .'20-2.40 ^.), situated in a small bay on the N. bank, and then crosses 
to Scharfling [Hotel Wesenauer, R.'2-3^.), on the S. hank, 1/2 M. 
from the railway- station of the same name (p. 134). 

Ascent of the Schafberg (p. 135 ; 4 hrs. ; guide 8 A'., unnecessary). 
We follow the St. Gilgen road (p. 134) to the S., ascending through wood 
jiast the small Eghee. After 1 M. (finger-post) we take the good bridle- 
path to the left, which leads mostly through wood, j)&st the Elisabeth- Hdhe 
(pretty view of the Mondsee), to the (^4 hr.) Kessel Alp (rfmts.), where 
we have a view of the Krottensee and St. Gilgen. In about 1 hr. more 
the path emerges from the wood, and skirts the mountain-slope to the 
right to the (»/•.- hr.) Schafberg Alp (p. 136). 

Beyond Scharfling the steamer hugs the S. shore, along which 
runs the Salzkammergut railway. After calling at Plomherg (^Hotel, 
with garden on the lake, R. 1 K. 60 /t.), which is also a railway-station 
(see p. 134), it steers obliquely across the lake. Retrospect (E.) of 
the imposing Schafberg, in the background the Hollen-Gebirge; to 
the left (S.) the Drachenstein, through which an aperture is seen 
near the top; then the double-peaked Schober. 

TITALOAr. Map.-<. j^. 1D4. 136.— II. Ti. ?/>. 183 

Hondsee. — Hotels. Post, Kuoxe, R. 2.50-4 A"., boih very fair; Traube, 
R. 1.40-2 K.; Bracuaus Kofler; Adler ; Weisses ROssl. — ^'Hotel KOnigs- 
BAD, on the lake, V2 M. to the E., R. 2-3, pens, fr-m 8 ^. ; Dr. Lechners 
Sasatobidm ; Dr. Mullkr's Hydropathic. — See Restaurant, on the lake. 

Afondsce ( 1575'), a thriving place (1500 itihab.), with a chateau 
of Count Almeida (formerly a Beneiictine abbey), a large church, 
and numerous villas, prettily situated at the N.W. end of the lake, 
attracts many visitors in summer. Beautiful walks on tho banks of 
the lake. The Mariahilf Chapel (10 min.) aflfords the best survey 
of the lake. 

ExccRsioNs i^uiJe. Jos. Fink). A.<^oent of thf Kulmspitze (3590'), vifi 
the Stahauer-llof by a marked path in 2 hrs., easy and interestint; ; ad- 
mirable panorama. — Kolomans-Berg (3660'), 3 hrs., a.'scended by a marked 
path from the (''2 hr.) scytbe-works via Leiten to the (2 hr.s.) ' Schevntann 
(3135'; rfmts.i, ' i hr. from the top (view somewhat marred by foliage"). — 
The Schober (4i}55'; 3'/j hrs., with gaide) requires a steady head: from 
(1 hr.) TeufelmUJtle (see below) via Schwand to the (IV2 hr.) ruin of Wartev- 
/el« (shelter-hut; rfmts.), a good point of view; then by a steep ascent to 
the top. The descent may be made to (1 hr.) Fuschl (p. 134) or to (1' 2 hr.) 
Thalgau (.see below). — Drachenstein (3S35'), from Plomberg (p. 132), in 
3 hrs., with guide, rather fatiguing. — The -HoUkar (3896'), easy and 
well worth the effort, may be ascended in 3 brs. by a marked path from 
Plomberg. The descent may be made on the W. side to the (I's hr.) 
Eben-See and to (1' ■: hr.) FuscM, or on the E. side to (13,4 br.) Hiitten- 
stein (p. 134). 

For the Salzkammergut-Lokalbahn (narrow-rgauge railway) from 
Mondsee via St. Lorenz to (20 M., in l'/2 l^r.) Salzburg^ see R. 25. 

25. From Salzburg to Ischl. Abersee. Schafberg. 

41V2 M.Salzkammergct Lokalbahn (narrow-gauge railway) in2'/2-3hrs. 
(fares 8 ^. 50, 4 K. 30 /».; return-fares bO/i.. 12A'., on Sun. and holi- 
days 3rd cl. return-fare 5^.; no 2nd This is an attractive excur- 
sion. \vith which a visit to the "Schafberg may ea.sily be combined (4-5 hrs. 
more); steamboat preferable from station Lueg (p. 135). Tourists' seasou- 
ticket.s. see p. 137. — Return-ticket from Salzbur;i to the Schafberg, 1st cl. 
18 A'., 2nd cl. 14 A". 40/<. — Cheap excursions are run several times a week 
(3rd cl. return 7 A"., incl. steamer and mountain-railway) and from Mond- 
see and Iscbl (6A: 40 A.). 

Salzburg, see p. lio. The station of the Salzkammergut line is 
opposite the State Railway Station (p. 115). Our line mns parallel 
to the Linz railway, then passes under it to (IV4 M.) Itzling, with 
the Untersberg, Hohe Goll, Gaisberg, and Nockstein to the right. 
Farther on we ascend gradually amid wood -clad hills to (3 M.) 
Sbllheim and (6 M.) Eugtndorf-Kalham (1830'; to the left the large 
village of Eugendorf\ p. 130). The train then crosses an upland 
plain, with numerous farms. 8 M. Kraiwiesen. At (IQl/o ^^-^ 
Enzersberg (2070') we reach the watershed and begin to descend 
in windings. Beyond (12 M.) Irlach we cross the Fischbach. — 13 M. 
Thalgau (1770'; Neuwirt; Brauhaui\ a pleasant little town (670 
inhab.) on the Fuschler Ache. To the E. rise the Schober (ascended 
in 21/2 Ijis.; see above), Drachenstein, and Schafberg. — The line 
follows the pleasant valley, passing Vetterbach and Teufelmiihle 

184 //. /?. ?5.— Maj),p. 73<?. ST. GILGEN. From Sahhnrg 

(Restaurant, with river-baths). — I71/2 M. St. Lorenz (1600'; Rail. 
Restaurant) is the junction of the branch-line (21/2 M., in 10 min.) 
to Mondsee (p. 133). 

Near (lO'/o M.) Plomberg (change for the steamer) the train 
reaches the lovely Mondsee (p. 132), into which the Schafberg 
descends abruptly on the right. We ascend gradually (tunnel), 
first on the open hillside and then through wood, and turn to the 
right through a tunnel 105 yds. long. — 2OV2 ^- Scharfling (1770'). 
Tlie village (p. 132), with the small Eglsee, lies to the left, below 
the line. — Farther on the line is carried along the hillside by 
rock-cuttings and two tunnels, one of which, the Eibenberg Tunnel 
(1900'), is V4 M. long. Beyond the wood-girt Krottensee we reach 
(211/2 M.) "RixttenBtein (Hotel Krottensee), with a chateau to the 
left (ascent of the Schafberg, see below). We descend, at first 
through meadows and wood, and then along the steep face of the 
hill (gradient 1:4), with a fine view of the Abersee. Beyond 
(23 M.) Billroth the line sweeps round and reaches — 

24 M. St. Gilgen (1805'; Rail. Restaurant; "^See-Hotel, on the 
lake, R. 2.50-5, pens. 8.50-12 K.; *Post, R. 1.50-3, pens. 7-10 K. ; 
'^Restaurant Am See, with rooms and baths; Ochse; Radetzky ; 
h'endler, R. iK.IOh.), an attractive village (700 inhab.) at the 
N.W. end of the Abersee. 

ExcDRSioNS (guide, Franz Schubert). To Lueg (good inn, Bee p. 135), 
20 min. by road, '/« hr. by a pleasant path through the woods, or 1 hr. 
by the Marie Leuk path (red marks ^ for experts only) via the Weisse Wand. 
— In the wood, about V/2 M. to the N.W. of St. Gilgen, are the Stein- 
kliifte, the remains of an extensive landslip (for paths, etc., see placard 
at the entrance). — Falkensteinwand, I-IV4 hr. We proceed to Furberg 
(Ebner, good) either by yteamer (10 rain.) or on foot round the N. end of 
the lake via Bruunwinkel (72 hr.). Thence, passing (I/4 hr.) the Scheffel 
Momiment (a pyramid, 13' high), we ascend to the (V2 hr.) pilgrimage-chapel 
and hermitage of St. Wolfgang. (The path leads on, pai-sing the steamer- 
.stalion of Falkemte'nRied and Villa Hai.«er, to St. Wolfgang; IV2 hr.) — 
A marked path, starting 12 min. from the beginning of the ascent, leads 
to the right to ('/4 hr.) the Abersee Panorama and (2 min.) the Scheffel- 
Blick, on the top of the Falkensteinwand. — The Zw5lferhorn (4985') may 
l)e ascended from St. Gilgen in 21/2-3 hrs. by a marked path via the San- 
stall Alp (rfmts.); easy and interesting; picturesque view. 

Ascent of the Schafberg from St. Gilgen (see p. 136); bridle-path, 
Ij'/z hrs. The best plan is to take the train (10 min.) to HUitenstein (see 
above) and proceed to the E. from the Krottensee Restaurant over meadows, 
to the (5 min.) Reitberg Inn. This point may be reached also on foot, 
from St. Gilgen via Winkel in 35, or from Fiirberg (see above) in 20 minute.«. 
A few paces farther on we ascend the steep path (with red marks) to the 
left, through wood to the (V2 hr.) Fiirsten Alp (SISO*). We then ascend 
in a straight direction, and afterwards again in windings through wood 
to the (IV4 hr.) Schafberg Alp (p. 136). 

From St. Gilgen to Salzbcrg, IT'/a M. The road passes (4V2 M.) 
Fuschl(2195'; Mohr, Brunnentpirt^hoth plain), at theE. endof the small Futchl- 
See i'2^/2 M. long). [.Marked path hence via the ruin of Wartenfels (rfmts.) to 
Teufelmilhle station (p. 133).] — From Fnschl through tbe Tiefbrunnan to 
the top of the Faistenauer Schafberg (5110'), 3V2 hrs., interesting and not 
difficult. Descent to Faistenau, and thence via Wiestal (Almbac/istritb) to 
(7 hrs.) Hallein, see p. 126. — Revond Fnschl the road ascends near the 

to held. ST. WOLFGANG. Map, p. 136. — II. Rr? 5. IHf) 

S. bank of the lake to (91/2 M.) Ho/ (2415'; Post) and then descends, 
passing the ^'^ockstein (p. 123), to Gvggental (1995'; Hatschek) and (17^/2 M.) 
Salzburg (p. 115). 

TheAbersee or St. Wolfgang-See, a greenish-blue lake (1800' ; 
5 sq. M.), 7 M. long, I74M. broad, and 374' deep, is bounded on 
the N. by the Schafberg, while on the S.. beyond the wooded banks, 
rise the Zwolferhorn, Konigsberghom, Hohe Zinken, Sparber, and 
other picturesquely shaped mountains. A Stbambo.vt (preferable 
to the railway if time allows) plies in summer (1 times daily, in 
IV4 hr., from St. Gilgen via St. Wolfgang to Strobl, and vice versa. 
The boat touches first at Furberg (p. 1341 , on the E. bank , to 
the E. of which is the Schtffel Monument (p. 134). It then steers 
across the lake to Lueg (*Hotel), at the railway-station of that name 
(see below). On the face of the Falkenstein, to the N., in red letters 
a yard high, is an inscription in honour of the poet Victor von 
Scheffel. After halting at Falkenstein - Ried the boat passes the 
Frauenstein, threads the narrows of St. Wolfgang, and calls at the 
Station of the Schafberg Railway and at St. Wolfgang (see below). 
Thence we steer (to the left the PUrgUlein) to Strobl, '/-i M. to the 
W. of the railway-station (p. 136). 

The Railway leads from St. Gilgen along the S.W. bank of the 
lake via ('251/2 M.) Lu€(7 (steamboat-station, see above) and (2672 M.) 
Gschicandt (restaurant), and at (28 M.) Zinkenbach (Kronsteiner) 
crosses the Zinkenbach. — 29 M. St. Wolfgang (Erzherzog Franz 
Karl) is the station for St. Wolfgang and the Schafberg Railway 
(steam-ferry to the village in 5 min., to the mountain-railway in 
10 min., 80 /*. there and back). 

St. "Wolfgang. — Hotels. "Hotkl-Pension Peter, in an elevated 
situation, with baths, 140 R. at 2-4, D. 3, pens, from S K. ; 'Hot. Peter 
7XR ScHAFBEROBAHN, 866 p. 136; "Weisses Rossl, with vcranda on the 
lake, 12D R. at 2.40-6, B. 1.20, pens. 7-12 AT.; ZimmerbrAu, R. 1.60-3 A'., 
good; ZoM TocRiSTEN, Well spoken of; Alter Peterbrao, R. 1.50-2.50 K. ; 
•Hot. -Pens, zum Cortisen, at the W. end of the village, with garden; 
KOlbmnger, well spoken of; Weisseb Hirsch, unpretending. — Guide, 
Josef Lang. 

St. Wolfgang (1800') is a considerable village (600 inhab.), pret- 
tily situated on the narrow strip of shore at the foot of the Schaf- 
berg. The Gothic church contains a winged *Altar-piece, carved in 
wood by Michael Pacher of Bruneck in 1481. In the court is a foun- 
tain with good reliefs by Lienhart Raunacher of Passau (1515). 

Pleasant walks to the Zt/klamen-Wiese (Sleins-Ruhe; '/< hr.), the Dietl- 
hach-Wildnis (20 min.). the Villa Haiser on the Frauenstein (1 hr. ; adm. ti> 
the park on application), etc. — To St. Gilgen via, the Falkensteinwand 
and Fiirberg, 2 hrs., see p. 131 (from the St. Wolfgang station of the moun- 
tain-railway to the Cafe -Restaurant Falkenstein- Ried, 20 min.). — A 
pleasant excursion (red way-marks) may be taken via the Strubeck to the 
dVz hr.) Sch-warze See (233U'; Inn), at the S.E. base of the Schafberg, 
then across the moor to the (1 hr.) timber-dams, and thence down to 
fl>,4hr.) iJn^erac/i or to (l»/4 hr.) Weissenbach (p. 131). Or from the timber- 
dams down to the S.E. to the Ischl road and then to (P/^ hr.) St. Wolfgang 
or to (2V'j hrs.) Ischl. 

The *Schafberg (5840'), an isolated mass of Alpine lirnf'.«;toiie 

136 //. Rnule 2/J. SCHAFBERG. Sakhnmnerytil. 

rising between the Abersee, the Mondsee, and the Attersee, com- 
mands one of the finest and most picturesque views among the 
German Alps. A Rack - and - Pinion Railway ascends from St. 
Wolfgang to (31/2 M.) the top in about 1 hr. (fare 6 K. 30, down 
AK.20h., up and down 9 /T. 50 /».)• — The Railway Station 
Q^Hot.-Pens. Peter zur Schafbergbahn ^ with caf^- restaurant and 
garden on the lake, 160 beds at 2.50-4,50, D. 3.50, pens, from 8 K.) 
lies 1/2 M- to the W. of the village. Soon after starting the train 
crosses the Dietlbach (p. 135), and then ascends through wood, with 
an average gradient of 1 : 4, to a (IV2 M.') station for taking in 
water. The lake sinks farther and farther boneath us. Below the 
line, to the left, lies the Dorner Alp (3130'). Magnificent view to 
the S.W., embracing the Uebergossene Alp. Ilohe GoU, Watzmann, 
etc. Near the station of (2^/2 M.) Schafberg Alp (4465' ; Inn, R. 
1.20-2.40 A".), which commands a splendid view, the train quits the 
wood and ascends over grassy and stony slopes. Below, to the left, 
are seen the Krottensee and parts of the Mondsee and Zeller-See. 
lieyond a tunnel 110 yds. long (windows should be closed) we reach 
the (3V2 M.) terminus Schafbergspitze (5665'). An easy path leads 
hence to (5 min.) the summit (*Hotel, R. 3-4, D. 4, pens, from 7 K.; 
advisable to order rooms in advance by telephone from St. Wolfgang). 
The *ViEW commands the mountains and lakes of the Salzkammer- 
gut, Upper Austria as far as the Bohemian Forest, the Alps of 
Styria and Salzburg, and the Bavarian plain as far as the Chiemsee 
and Waginger See. The Dachstein group, rising to the S., is most 

The Adler-Hdhle, 3/* M. to the E. of the hotel, is a cave if'O ft. long and 
30 ft. hitih, commanding a view of the Atter-See — The Wetterloch-Hohltn 
are n( w closed. — From the Wetterloch to the (^ji'ht.) Munich- See and the 
(1 hr.) Suissen Alp (steady head essential), see p. 132. 

The Bridle Path from St. Wolfgang to the top of the Schafberg 
(3V2-4 hrs. : blue and red marks) starts at the W. end of the village and 
beyond ttie (12 min.) Forsferheim Inn ascends to the right, keeping below 
the railway. l'/4 hr. Dorner Alp; 1 hr. Schafberg Alp (see above); I'A hr. 
(stony path) the summit. — Paths ascend the Schaflterg also from St. Oilgen 
or HuUemtein (see p. 134), from Scharfling (see p. 132), and from Unterach 
(see p. 132). 

The Railway to Ischl leads from the station of St. Wolfgang 
(p. 135) along the Abersee. In front rise the Sparber andRettenkogel, 
in the background the Tote Gebirge. — 311/2 M. Strobl; the village 
(*H6t€l am See, with garden and lake -baths, ICO R. at 3-8^.; 
Brandauer; Aigyier ; Restaurant Miinchnerhof) and steamboat-station 
(p. 135; to St. Wolfgang 1/4 br.) lie 1/2 M. to the N., at the E. end 
of the lake. Farther on we cross the Weissenbach and pass (331/2 M.) 
Aigen-Voglliub (Voglhub Restaurant) and (35 M.) Wacht (inn), at 
the mouth of the Schiffau-Tal (p. 143). We cross the Ischl, flowing 
from the Abersee, to (351/2 M.) Aschau and recross it to (361/2 M.) 
Pfandl (restaurant, B min. from the station). The train now sweeps 
round to the 8. and penetrates the Kalvarienberg by a tunnel 



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Ooeranh Anstalt vot 

Salikamincrgut. (iMlTNDKN. 77. 7?w//f ?^. 1^'7 

730 yds. long. Beyond (39V2 M.) Kaltenbach (p. 141), at the S.W. 
end of Ischl, we cross the Traun at the foot of the Siriuskogel 
(p. 14'2). skirt the suburb of Gries, and, recrossing the Traun, enter 
the station of (411/2 M.) Jschl (p. 141). 

26. From Attnang to Gmunden and IscM. 

State Eatlway to (8 M.) Gmunden in 20-30 rain., to (28 MJ Jsctd in 
I'/rli'i hr. — From Salzburg to Ischl via Attnang (TU/i'M.) in 2V2-4 hrs. ; 
from Vienna to Ischl vifi Attnang (179 M.), express in tJ hrs., via, Amttetteu 
and SehUtl (191 M.) express in 8^* hrs. — Season Tickets I'or excursion-* 
in the Salzkammergut (State Railway and Salzkammergut Railway) lor 

15 .tavs, 1st class 6G, 2n.l cl. 46, 3rfl cl. QG K. ; for 30 days, 9S, GG, 40 A. 

Attnany, see p. IQO. The railway crosses the Ager (on the right 
Schloss Puchheim, p. 129) and the Aurach, and then follows the 
smiling Aurach-Tal via (11/4 M.) Wankham and (3V2 M.) Aurach- 
kirchen (15'25'j to (6 M.) Pm^c/or/" and (8 M.) Gmunden. 

Gmnnden. — Eailway Stations. The State Railway Station lies above 
the town, to the W., l'/4 M. irom ihe lake (electric tramway, see below; 
hotel omnibiis 60 A.-l A'.). — The Lake Station (Stebd/mhof) for the line to 
Lambaoh (p. 129) lies to the S.W. of the town, V* M. from the bridge 
over the Traun. 

Hotels. 'Hotel Acstria (PI. a), R. 3.50-7, B. 1.20, D. 5. pens, from 
10 A'.,- -Bellevue (PI. b), K. 3-20, board TAT., both first-class, on the lake, 
and open in summer only; 'Hotel Mccha (PI. d), on the lake, with garden. 
R. 2-AK.; 'GoLDNES ScHiFF (PI. c), R. 2-6, B. 1, pens. 10-14^. — 'Krone 
(PI. e). R. from IV2 K.; 'Po-st (PI. p), R. 220-2.40 A". ; »GoLDE>reR Brunnen 
(PI. 0, Traungasse. R. 1.60-4 A'., good ; 'Goldne Sonne (Pl. g), R. 2-3 A'.; 
'ScHWAN (PI. k), Rathaus-Platz; Goldner Hirsch (PI. i), with garden; 
Stadt Gmunden iPl. n); Goldener LOwe (PI. r), II. 2-i K. — Bahnhof- 
HoTEL (PI. m), R. 1.6U-3 K., near the state rail, station. — Kcr-Hotel 
(PI. h), Satori-Str. 18, R. 4-10, pens 11-18 A"., with grounds and line view 
(inhaling-room for saline and pine vapour; hydropathic; electric and chaly- 
beate baths, etc.). 

Cafes. Kursaal. on the like, with veranda, restaurant, and reading- 
r.-om (adm. free); Kaffie- Pavilion ^ Caf-i Corso. on the Esplanade; Brandt, 
Goldenes SchiJT, both in the Katbaus- Platz. — Confectioners: Grellinger, 
Franz Joseph-Platz ; Schallmeiner, Graben 5; WdU, in the theatre. 

Baths of all kinds at the Ku>--Hotel, Bellevue, and Austria; Theresien- 
bad. Elisabeth -Str. 76; Swimming Baths, by the Esplanade (bath willi 
towel, etc., 70 h). 

Theatre (PI. 2), from June to September. — Visitors' Tax, 50 h. per 
day alter the third day; after six weeks' stay 20 A. for the rest of the 

Carriages. Drive within the town, one-horse carr. i, two-horse 1 A'. 
40 h. ; to the State Station 2 or 3, at night 3 or 4 K.; to the Satori Garden? 
2 or 3, Altmiinster BK.QOh. or 5, Baumgarten 4 or 6, Ebenzweier 4 or 6 A", 
(via Satori Gardens 5 or 7 K.) ; Traun Fall 9 or 14, Kammer on the Atter- 
8ee (4 hrs.) 12 or 20, Almsee (6 hrs.) 19 or 30, Langbath Lakes (whole day 

16 or 24 A".; no e.vtra charge for returning, and a stay of 1 hr. allowed, 
beyond which 40 or 60 A. per V* hr. is charged for waiting. 

Electric Tramway to the State Station (1/4 hr., fare 40 A.), starting at 
the Rathaus-Platz 1/2 hr. before the departure of the trains. 

Boats. To Ort or Weyer with one rower 60 h.. Steinhaus 1 K. 30, Alt- 
munster or Kleine Ramsau 2 X, Ebenzweier 2 A. 20, Hoisen 2 K. 40, Stai- 
ninger 3 K. 20 A., Lainaustiege 4 K. (return-fare included); with two rowers, 
one-half more ; fur waiting. 2b h. per V* br. ; boat per hr. with one rower 
1 A. 60 A. 

1P)8 II. R.9fi. — Map,r.inr,. GMUNDEN. Sahknmmeujut. 

Gmunden (1395'), tlie capital of the Salzkammergut, is a busy 
town (7500 inhab.)aiKl favourite watering-place, charmingly situated 
at the efflux of the Traun from the Traunsee. The Parish Church 
contains an altar in carved wood of 1626. Handsome modern Pro- 
testant Church in the English Gothic style. The Salzkammergut 
Museum, near the bridge over the Traun, is worth a visit (daily 
9-11 and 2-5; adm. 50 A.). The s\\d.dy * Esplanade (band 8 to 9, 
11.80 to 12.30, and 5 to 6.30 or 7; Sundays 5-6), on the W. bank, 
(commands a good survey of the lake: to the left is the wooded 
(irunberg (8295'), then the Traunstein (5550'), rising almost per- 
pendicularly from the lake, and the Erlakogel (5150'); farther to the 
right, in the background, the Wilde Kogel (6865') and the Kleine 
Sonnstein (3030'), apparently terminating the lake; to the right of 
it the Sonnstein-Hohe (3430'j, then the broad Fahrnau (3940'), the 
Alberfeldkogel (5600'), and the Hollen-Gebirge (p. 140). Pleasant 
gardens and villas in the environs. 

8noET Walks (routes all indicated by marks). To the N. the 0/4 hr.) 
Kalvarienberg (1575'), with excellent survey of the town and environs; 
to the N.W. (10 min.) the Hochkogel (1770'), best ascended from the Satori- 
Str. by an easy zigzag path ; to the W. (10 min.) the Town Park (pretty 
views); above it the (1/4 hr.) Satori Gardens, a charming private park 
(interesting Brahms Museum); to the S.W. Ort (IV2 M.), with two chateaux, 
i)ne on an island connected with the mainland by a bridge, 140 yds. long. 
— On the right bank of the Traun (footpath over the Marien-Briicke) lie 
the shady Kronprinz-Rudolf-Anlagen (pleasure-grounds), with a restaurant 
('/2 hr.). To the N.E., on the height, is the (Vz hr.) chateau of the Duke 
of Cumberland, with fine grounds. To the E., Baumgarten ('/< hr.); to 
the S.E., Sieberroilh (3/4 hr.), on the N. slope of the Griinberg (both with 
restaurants). Pleasant road on the E. bank of the lake (shady in the morn- 
ing) past the restaurants Alpentteig Q/t hr.), Echo (20 min.), Steinhaus (40 min.), 
Klei7ie Ramtau (1 hr.), and Hoisen (70 min.) to the Staininger (1*/* hr. ; 
the last four are steamboat-stations). From Hoisen a steep path (red marks) 
ascends to the (I hr.) Uberraschung ('surprise'), with splendid view; and 
another ascends to the Kaltenbach-Wildnis tgroteaque rocks) and thence 
10 the Staininger (IV4 hr.). 

LoNGEii Walks. By the Elisabeth-Strasse, past the chateau of Ort and 
the villas of the Grand-Duchess of Tuscany and the Duke of Wurtemberg, to 
('<J'/2 M-) Allmunster, (3 M.) Ebenzweier, and (71/2 M.) Traunkirchen (p. 139). — 
Through the Satori grounds (see above) by a marked path to the (IV2 hr.) 
Omundner Berg (2700'; fine view; inn at the top); we descend to (1 hr.) 
the Reindl-Miihle in the Aurach-Tal (see below) and return via the Dichtl- 
Miihle, or via Ebenzweier to (2 hrs.) Gmunden (4V2 hrs. in all). — A path 
(yellow marks) ascends via Altmiinster to the (IV2 hr.) top of the Gras- 
berg (2i35'; inn), with a fine view. — Descent on the left bank of the 
Traun to the Theretien - Tal cotton -mill, (2 M.) AUmiihle, and (4V2 M.) 
Ohlstorf (inn). — Past the Staats-Bahnhof and via Pinsdorf to the (iVahr.) 
Ruben -Miihle (inn); or from Pinsdorf to the W. to the (1 hr.) Kufhaut 
(Touristenheim); 5 min. to the N. is the Dichtl-Mtlhle. From the Kufhaus 
we may ascend the Aurach-Tal to the (IV4 hr.) Reindl-Miihle (inn) and 

Proceed via Neukirchen (inn; reached also by a road via Ebenzweier in 
'/2 hrs.) to the (2V2 hrs.) Gross -Aim (2100'; Wolfsgruber's Inn); thence 
either by a shady path across the Lueg-Sattel (2730') to the (i'A hr.) Hintere 
Langbath-See (p. 140); or via the Kraberg-Taferl to the Kienklause and by 
road thence (or by a footpath via Feuchlen) to (2 hrs.) Steinbach on the 
Attersee (p. 131; guide from Gmunden 8^.). — From the Dichtl-Miihle 
(see above) a path (red and yellow marks) ascends v\% the Kronberg (26^' ) 
and Hohe LvU (2910') to the (IV4 hr.) top of the Hongar (3095'; inn), with 

Theresigptal AitnviiMef oMstc 

T R 

ElOdr. BaJm 


/Ischl— iS 





RAT ir ■ 


Slnhknmmergul. TRAUNSl^R. \fap, p. llifi. — IL Jir^n. IBV) 

view of the Atfer^ee. Thence we may proceed over the ridge to ('/-^ hr.> 
the Alpen'^erg (3170'). whence a path descends to the right through wood 
to the Poin'ner Alp and crosses the Sickingerbach to Schorjliny and (I8/4 hr.) 
Kamme)\ on the Attertee (p. 131). — The "Traun Fall may be visited on foot 
(3>/2 hrs.) or by carriage (IVahr.); better by the Lambach railway (p. 129) 
or by one of the salt-barges mentioned at p. 129. 

Longer ExcDRSioNs. Across the {IV2 hr.) £rtmmeJr«icA-Trj>«e (2590'), 
the (V« hr.) Schnee-Wieie^ and the (V2 hr.) Hocfigschirr (31.o0'), with :i 
view of the glaciers of the Dachstein, to the (8/4 hr.) Laudach-See (2890'), 
picturesquely situated on the N.E. side of the Traunstein ; we return either 
by (2hr3.) Fvaml im HoU (inn), or by (l>/-2 hr.) the Kleine Ranuau (p. 138) 
and take a small boat or the steamer thence to Gniuuden. Finger-posts 
on this route, so that a guide (6 K.) may be dispensed with. 

Traunstein (5550), 4 hrs. from Lainaustiege, not difficult (gxxide, ad- 
visable, 8K.; permiaaion must be obtained from the Tourist Club or in 
the Forestry Office at Gmunden). The lake is crossed to the (35 min.) 
Staininger, whence the 'Jliesweg', a path constructed by the Austrian 
Tourist Club, leads to (''4 hr.) the Lainaustiege (reached also direct by 
rowing-boat in IV4 hr. ; 4 A'.) Thence we ascend by steps hewn in the 
rock (130* high) and then by a road to the (1 hr.) Kaisersilz in the Lainuu- 
Tal, 20 min, above which is the prettily-situated Mair-Alm (2820'; rfmts. 
and beds.). From the Kaisersitz a marked path ascends steeply to the left 
tu the ('2^/ihr6.) W. peak, or Fahnenkogel (545<3'i v-mundener Htitte and 
view), and the (20 min.) Pyramidenkogel (SocC/i the highest peak). Tlio 
ascent on the N. side (V2 Ixr. thorter, but for experts only) by the Harnt 
Herler Steig leads to the left a little short of the Staininger. — From 
the Mair-Alm (see above) to the N. over the Scharte (red marks) to the 
Laudach-See 2V2hrs., laborious; to the E. over the Durchgang to (3V2-4hrs. ; 
guide 7 A'.) Griinau (see p. 128). 

The Almsee is reached by carriage from Gmunden in 6 hrs. (carr. 
with one horse 19, two liorses 30 A.). The road leads via Baumgarten 
(p. 138), Kranichtteg (inn), and St. Konrad, to (9 31.) Schamitein-Muhldorf 
in the pretty Almtal, a station on the railway from Wels to (3 M.) Griinau 
(thence to the Almtee 3 hrs. more, see p. 128). 

From Gmunden to LsCHL. — Railway to Ebensee in 26 min., to 
Ischl in 'mI hr. — Steamer on the Traunsee to Ebensee in 1 hr., pre- 
ferable to the railway ; tickets are issued available both for the steamboiit 
and the train. Steamboat-stations: Omunden-Stadt, Gmunden-Seehahnl-of, 
S'einhaut, Altmiinster, Ebenzteeier, Kleine Ratnsau, Hoisen., PiireCfi, .Staininger, 
Stein- Will kl, Traunkircfien, and Ebtnxee. 

The train (best views to the left) passes the Duke of Wurtein- 
berg's chateau, and at Altmiinster approaches the beautiful *Traun- 
see (1385'; 71/2 M. long). — IO1/2 M. (from Attiiang) Ebenzweier 
(restaurant), with a chateau belonging to Don Alfonso de Bourbon 
(now partly occupied by a girls' school). The scenery becomes more 
severe as the S. end of the lake is approached. Behind the Traunstein 
are the Hochkogel (4865') and the fine cone of the Erlakogel (p. 140). 
— 131/2 M. Traunkirchen ; about V* M. from the station, on the 
lake, is the Stdn Inn, with a garden and veranda (K. 2-5, pens, 
from 7 K., good). 15 M. Traunkirchen- Ort is the station for the 
village of Traunkirchen (Post, K. from l/T. 60 ft,; BurgstalUr, 
with a terrace, both unpretending but good; lake-baths), charm- 
ingly situated on a peninsula. The church contains a quaintly carved 
wooden pulpit in the form of a ship, with nets and fish. 

Fine view from the (20 min.) "Kalvarienherg^ especially in the after- 
noon and evening. On a rock jutting into the lake is the Johannif-Kirchlrin . 

I '10 //. R. 'JG. — Map, p. / 30. KB>:NSRE. Snlzkammrnm I . 

— (In the opposite bank of the lake, in a cave on the slopes of the Erla 
kogel (see below), is the interesting Rdtelsee: boat across the Traunsee from 
the Karbach-ifilhle V2 br. ; then a steep ascent of 1 hr. (guide with torch, 
necessary, 5 A'.). A marked path leads from the Karbach-Miihle via the 
Karbach Waterfall to the (2V.; hrs.) Mairalm (p. 139). — Direct paths lead 
in 21/2 hrs. from the Hotel am Stein to the A'r«/< , in the Langbath-Tal 
(see below), either via the Jiabenstein-Sattel or (easier) via the Hochsteinmese. 

The Kleine Sonnstein (yUcW; l'/4 hr. ; guide, 5 /?., advisable for novices) 
commands a charming view of the lake. From Traunkirchen we follow 
the Ebensee road for '/4 M., then take a marked path to the right to the 
(I'/zhr.) top (last 20 min. over rocks). 

The train passes through two short tnnnels, and then the Sonn- 
stein Tunnel, 1570 yds. in length. (The road runs hetween the 
Sonnstein and the lake; its construction is commemorated hy a lion 
hewn in stone. ) The train stops at(lT'/2^-) F-bensee-Landungsplaiz 
(See-Restaurant; Post, R. 2.50-3 A".,- Backer wirt, good; Krone; 
Sonne ; two hath-establishments, hath 40 /i.}, crosses the Traiiw, 
and reaches (18 M.) Ebensee - Bahnhof (1395'; Hotel zum Auer- 
hahn'), a prettily situated place of some importance (5860 inhab., 
including Langbalh), with salt-works, a watch-factory, and a large 
ammonia-factory. The brine evaporated at Ebensee is brought from 
Ischl and Hallstatt (p. 148) in pipes. The salt-baths are well fitted 
up. Good view from the Kalvarienherg. 

Excursions (guide. Johann Hiidl). Pleasant walk on the left bank of 
the Traun , along the brine-ciinduit, to (2/4 hr.) the Sleinkogl Inn. a fine 
point of view, opposite the station of that name (see below), and (1 hr.) 
the Fall of the Rinnbach (rfmts. at the mill, halfway). I^OmnibuS from 
Ebensee-Landangsplatz to (1/4 hr.) Rinnbach, live times daily in July and 
August iiOh.). 

The "^Langbath Lakes (23/4 hrs.) deserve a visit (omnibus thrice daily 
from Ebensee-Langbath to the Vordere See in IV2 hr., 2 K., returning from 
the Kreh in ^/^ hr., 1 K. 20 ft., there and back BK.; carr. there and back 

II K.). The road ascends the Langbath-Tal to (41/2 M.) the Kreh Inn (2130') 
and (1 M.) the Vordere Langbath-See (2215'). whence a marked path leads to 
the smaller but liner (2/4 hr.) Hiniere See (2385'), grandly situated at the 
foot of the Hollen-Gebirge. In the wood, a little to the N. of the E. end 
of the Hintere See, is a spring of excellent water. A narrow 'trail' runs 
through tlie wood all round the Hintere See. — To the Gross-Aim viii 
lyiieg, see p. 138. The return fr^m the Kreh to Traunkirchen station may 
be made via, the Ilornnver Wiese and the Miihlbachberg in 2V2-3 hrs. 

The excursion to the Kranabet-Sattel, in the Hollen-Gebirge. is attract- 
ive (3'/4 hrs.; guide c.invenient). * Marked paths lead via the Kalvarien- 
herg (seeabo'C). or from Steinkogl (see below) via the Miihlleitengraben, to 
the (2 hrs.) Gsoll (3705'), and thence to the (IV4 hr.) Kranabet-Sattel Alp 
(accommodation). The Feuerkogel (5325'), ascended hence in 1/4 hr., com- 
mands an admirable view, surpassed, however, by that from the Alber- 
feldkogel (5600'), reached in 3/4 hr. via the arete (with guide). From the 
Feuerkogel the descent may be made via the Pledl Alp to the (2 hrs.) 
Kreh Inn (see above). 

The Erlakogel (5150"; 4hrs. ; guide, 7 .ff.), a fine point of view, is 
ascended from Rinnbach (see above) via the Spitzsitin Alp (steep towards 
the end). 

The line follows the wide Trauntal to (191/2 M.) Steinkogl (1435'; 
Steinkogl Inn, see above; Marien Inn, 1/2 M. to the E.). 

To the Offensee (2135'; 7 M.) a road leads through the Traunweissen- 
bach-Tal and the Offenseebach-Tal. The lake, with an imperial hunting- 
.'^eat (no accommodation), lies picturesquely in a green basin, commanded 
on the S. by the Tote Gebirge (p. 148). From the Offensee a path leads bv 

Salikammerg ut. 1 S CHL . Mar, P-i'i6.— IL li. 'J 6. 141 

the WeiueNeck Alp and the Hohe Pfad (3445') to the (SVi- liri«.) Almsec (p. 128; 
red marks; guide 8 iT., needless); another (fati-iuini;") by the Wilde See (olOO") 
and the Wildensee Alp to (1-S hrs.) Alt-Aussee (p. 146: puide from Ebensee 
15 A'.). From the Wildensee Alp the Grosse Woiiin(/ (67G0') may be ascended 
in 2 hrs. fguide 14 A". •. interestin-). 

The Hohe Schrott (5850 is ascended from Steinkogl via the Gimbach 
Alp (road thus far) and the Dielau-Alpe in 4' 2 hrs. (fatiguing, guide 9 A. ; 
better from Ischl, comp. p. 143). — The Bromberg (540J'; attractive; 
guide 7 A".), the N. spur of the Hohe Schritt, is ascended Steinkos:! 
via the Bromberg Alp in 3'/2 hrs. — Th ■ Schonberg (Wilde Kogel^ 68 5'; 
fine view; guide 12, with descent to Auasee or Ischl 14 A".;, ascended 
from Steinkogl through the Traunweissenbach-Tal in 6 hrs., is fatiguing 
but repaying (cump. p. 143). 

The train crosses the Trauniceissenhach. '21'/.) M. Langwies (inn 
and cafe); 25 M. Mitter- Weissenbach (1480'; to Weissenbach on the 
Attersee, p. 131). Near ls;'hl t)ie train crosses the Traun. 

'28 M. Ischl. — Eailway Stations. The joint station (Restaurant) 
of the State and the Salzkammergut lines lies on the E. side of Ischl. 
The station of Kaltenbacf) on the Salzkammergut line (p. 137) is conveniently 
used for the W. side of Ischl and for excursions to St. Wolfgang, the 
Mondsee. Salzburg, etc. 

Hotels. *Kaisebin Elisabeth (PI. a), 80 R. at 5-14, B. 1.25, pens. 
15-24, omn. 1 A., with the Rathauskeller Restaurant (D. 3 A".), *116tel 
HAi:fc:R (PI. I)), charminglv situated on a hill to the W of Ischl. 1(X) R. 
at 5-'20 A., closed in winter, both of the first class; Post (PI. c). R. 3-10, 
pens. 10-15 A.; *Goli>kne3 Krecz (PI. d). R. 3-15, B. 1.35, pens. 10-14 A'.; 
Hotel Austria (PI. e). Esplanade, R. 3-4 A'., good; Victokia (PI. f), Pfarr- 
Str. 2. R. 3-4, pens. 8-12 A.; Erzhekzog Franz Karl fPl. ^), R. 2'/j-6, 
pens. 10-16 K., good; -Kaiskkkkokk (PI. h), R. 3.50-7, B 1.23, pens. 8-12 A,; 
the last five with garden-restaurants. — Goldnek Stern (P\. i), R. from 
3 A^., plain but good; Golueses Uui-Eisiof (PL k), Pfarrgasse 13, R. 2-4 A'., 
with restaurant; *Batrischeb Hof (PI. 1); Schwarzer Auleb (PI. m), 
Grazer-Str. 10, R. 1.80-3, pens, from 6 A., Kood, Drei Mouken (PI. n), 
GoLDNER Ociis (PI. o), these three at Gries; Zur Neuen Welt; Sandwibt 
Stadt Prag (PI. r), both Eglmoosgasse; Zcm Wilden Mann (PI. p), 
Elisabeth-Str. 74; Zhm Staats & Lokal-Bahnhof ; Auekwastl's Beauhaus 
RssTACBANT, with R., the last five unpretending. — At Kaltenbach (see 
above), 1/2 ^I to the W. : -Hot. -Pens. Rl'i>olkshohe (PL v), finely situated 
near Kaltenbach Station (p. 143), nine houses with lOO R., pens. 9-15 K. ; 
Hot.-Pens. Habsbdrger Hof (PL t); Flora (PL v), Lindau-Str., R. 3-10, 
pens. 8-12 A. — Hotels Garnis : Rampauek (PI. w), Post-Str., R. 2^/-z-bK.; 
Athen. Edelweiss, Kreuzplatz. — Hydropathic Establishments : Dr. Hertzka 
d: Dr. Winternitz (PL H), ' '2 M. from the end of the Esplanade, pens, from 
62 A', per week; Dr. Emil Wiener (PL x), Kaltenbach-Str. U, pens. 12-20 A". 

Cafes. Walter, Atutria, on the Esplanade; Kur-Saal (see p. 142); CaU 
Ramsauer (see above); Rudolfshoh" (see above). — Confectioner: Zauner, 
Pfarrgasse 7; Dutch, Kreuz-Platz 24. 

Theatre, Kreuz-PIatz (during the season). — Swimming Bath, on the left 
bank uf the Ischl. — Gi/mnastixche Heilan.^talt, Kreuz-Platz 24; JJi'. Bulling's 
Inh'ila'orium, Valerie-Str. 4; Pneuiaatische Ansialt, Rudolfs-Park. 

Visitors' Tax (Eurtaxe). Each visitor whose stay exceeds one day 
pays a daily 'Kurtaxe' of .50 h. and a music-tax of 30 h. For a stay of 
three weeks or more the Kurtaxe is 24 A", (wife 12 A"., children less) and 
the music-tax is 12 K. (wife 9 A"., children less). Visitors ranked in the 
2ad class pay less. — The band plays twice or thrice daily in the Rudnlfs- 
Park, the Kur-Park, or on the Esplanade. 

Carriages. From the station to the town or vice versa, with one horse 
1 K. 20 A., two horses 2 K. ; at night 1 E. 60 or 2 E. m h. Drive within the 
town SO or 1 A". tO /»., at night 1 A". 40 or 2 E. 40 h. — To HalUtatt (21/2 hrs.), 
13 E. 20 h or 22 A. ; Gosav-Srhmied (4 hrs.). 18 iT. 3U h. or 30 A. 30 A ; Weissen- 

142 11. lirJ6.—Map,p.l30. 1«C11L. JSaUlcmiwuryut. 

hath oil tbe Attersee ('iVii hrs.), 14 or 25 K. These fares iuulude the returu- 
journey and the driver's fee. 

English Church Service iu the season at 10.30 a.ui. and 4 p.m. 

hchl (1530'), or Bad Iscfd^ the central point of tbe .Sal/.kammer- 
j;ut, beautifully situated on a peninsula formed by the Traun and 
the hchl, is a highly fashionable bathing and summer resort. Pop. 
9655. Besides the salt-baths (which contain 25 per cent of salt^ 
there are mud, sulphur, pine-cone, vapour, and other baths, iu 
addition to the whey-cure and the saline and sulphurous drinking- 
springs. Well kept walks, with shady resting-places, intersect the 
beautiful valley in all directions. 

The Bahnhof-Strasse leads from the station past the Rudolfs- 
bad^ the Rudolfs - Park , and the Post ^ Telegraph Office to the 
Parish Church (PI. 11), built under Maria Theresa , restored in 
1877-80, and adorned with altar-pieces by Kupelwieser. In the 
Kaiser-Ferdinands-Platz, to the S. of the church, are the Trinkhalle 
(PI. 5), with a covered promenade, where whey and mineral water 
are dispensed in the morning, and beyond it, to the right, the 
Giselahad (PI. 1). To the left are the extensive Salt Works (PI. 4) 
and tlic Salme Vapour Bath (PI. 3\ 

Krom the Kaiser-Ferdinands-Platz the Pfarrgasse leads to the W. 
to the Franz-Karl-Platz, which contains a handsome bron/,e fountain 
ill memory of the parents of Emperor Francis Joseph (Archduke 
Francis Charles, «l. 1878, and Archduchess Sophie, d. 1872), and 
10 the. Tranii Bridge. On the left bank of the Traun at this point 
I'ocius tUo. Sophien- Esplanade, with its pleasant avenues and cafe. 
(Thence by the Franzens- Alice to Kattenbach, etc., sec p. 143.) — 
The AVirer-Strasse, in which is a colossal bust of Dr. Wirer von Retten- 
bach (d. 1844), who tirst brought Ischl into notice, leads to the N. 
from the Franz-Karl-Platz to the Kur-Park and the handsome Kur- 
haus. Adjoining the swimming-school, 8min. to theN. of the station, 
is a small Museum (adm, on week-days 9-12 and 2-5, 40 /i.), with 
natural history specimens and other objects from the Salzkammergut. 

Walks. The Imperial Villa, with its beautiful garden and ground? 
(no admission during the residence of the family, usually from July to Sep- 
tember). — The (IV2 M.) Orosse Schmalnau, a cafe to the left of the road 
to Ebensee, affords good views of Ischl; we return by the (1 M.) Gstdtten Inn 
and follow the brine-conduit to (IV2 M.) Ischl. — The 'Sopfiien- Doppel- 
blick (cafe ; view of Ischl, the Dachsteiu, and the Wolfgang-Tal) may 
be reached in '/.: br- This walk may be prolonged to the (V< hr.) Dach- 
stein-AnsicM and the Hohemollern Water/all (usually inconsiderable); we 
return either to the right by Trenkelbach (3/4 hr.), or to the left through 
the Jainzen-Tal and by the Gstatten Inn (1 hr. to Ischl). — Right bank 
of the Traun: ascent of the Siriuskocfel or Ihmdskoijel (lOfiC-, Vv: br-) ; 
finest view of Ischl and its environs fmm the Kaiser-Franz-Josephs- Warte 
(small restaurant). — Across the Sfeinfeld-Briicke to the (V2hr.) Eettenhach 
Mill (cafe; to Aussee, see p. 143) and the («/« hr.) Retteribach-Wildnis (a 
pretty ravine) ; return through the Hubhunsl-Au or by Sterzen''s Aheridsitz (fine 
view) to (3/4 hr.) Ischl. 

To the W. to the O/2 hr.) Kalvarienberg (1990*) ; thence to the left to 
the (V4 hr.) Ahornbiihl fcafe), or to the right, (before the chapel) by the 
attractive Kaiitr in- Elisabeth- Waldweg to (V2 hr.) F/andl (p. 136). 

SUzkummcrijul. ISOllL. Map,p. 136.~ IJ. Kr^6. 143 

From Gries to the S.E., via Sterten^s Abtndsiiz (p. 142) and tlie 
Kaiser-Fram-Jo»q>hs-Jubildum9-Weg over the Hubkoffel, then, after 3/4 hr.. 
to the left (guide-post) through wood and over steep pastures to the 
flW* hr.) Hoitenrad-Alpe (3170*; inn) and the (20 min.) Kolowraft-Hohe 
l3o20'; view). We may descend to the E via the G.^chictndt-Alpe to the 
(IV4 hr.) Rettenbach-WildniS3 (p. 142), or to the W. to the salt-mine and 
Perueck (see below). 

From the Esplanade through the Franzens-AlUe and past the station 
oi Kaltenbach (p. 141; to the right is the H6t.-Restaurant Rudolf shohe. in 
the grounds near which are monuments to Empress Elizabeth and Job. 
Brahms) to the Fiirst-Metternich-Platz and to the Villa Waldeck, where we 
diverge to the right for the O/'hT.) Kaiser-Franz- Josepfis-Platz; or we pro- 
ceed beyond the Villa Waldeck, past the Cafe Zierler, to the ruin of (1 hr.) 
Wildenstein, on the slope of the Kater-Qebirge. — Via the Cafe Zierler and 
passing above the Rudolf-Brunnen (rfmta.) to flV* hr.) Lau/en (p. 144). — 
To the Nuiten-See (igTO*), !>/■.• hr. (carr. 8, with two horses 12 A'.), by road 
from Kaltenbach to Lindau^ then to the left (guide-post) to the Inke 
(rfmts.) at the fo' t of the Hainzen (see below •, road throu<;h the Sophien-Tal 
to Aschau, 11/2 M., see p. 136). — By road to the N.W. via Trenkelbach 
to Kreutern (inn), or by train to Pfandl (p, 136), and thence into the Zimitz- 
Tal, with the Zimitz- Wildnis (inn) and the Eii-Kapelle {V;2hT. from Ischl). 
To the Ischl Bait Mine {Ischler Salzberg, anCf), 11/2 hr. (one-horse 
c9.Tr. '6 K.). We follow the road to .R«i7erdor/ (Bachwirt; Biirenwirt). and 
then ascend the road to the left in the Sulzbach-Tal., passing the Sulz- 
bachttrub (beyond which a path diverges to the Valerie - B lick) , to (3 M.) 
Pemeck (Cafe zum Salzberg), where permission to visit the mine is |)rocurf'd 
at the mining-office (3 persons 6^. 9U, without carr. 4 A". 80 ft.). The (25 min) 
mine, an inspection of which takes IV'.: hr. , consists of 12 horizontal 
shafts or galleries, one above the other. The brine, which is conducted to 
Kbensee and there evaporated, is obtained by filling the different chambers 
with fresh water. After 4-6 weeks it becomes highly saturated with salt, 
and is then drawn off. — A marked path (keeping to the right at the 
small chapel) leads from the mine via the Rein/nlz Alp(l^b') to the (I'/ahr.) 
-Hiitteneck Alp (4065'; rfmts.), which affords a magnificent view of the 
Dachslein, the Lake of Hallstatt, etc. Hence by the Rossmoos Alp to the 
Predigttuhl (see below) in ^/t hr. Descent by the lAchtenecker Alp to (lV2hr.) 
Goisern (p. 144). 

Mountain Excursions (paths all marked with red; guides, Franz 
Furtner, Matth. Rdchenhauer, Alois Watzinger, Joseph Bromberger). — Ascent 
of the Zimitz {Leonsberg-Zinken, 5720'). through the Zimitz- Qrdben and by 
the Sehiitt Alp in 4 hrs., rather fatiguing (guide 7 K.):, pretty view of the 
Dachstein, St. Wolfgangs-See, Mondsee, and .\ttersee. — The Hohe Schrott 
(5850'-, guide advisable, S K.). highly attractive, is ascended in 4-41/2 hrs. 
via the Hohenau Alp, Halbweg Alp, "and Mitter Alp (comp. p. 141). — The 
Schonberg ( WUde Kogl, 6865'), by the Reitenbach Alp (see below) in 71/2 hrs., 
with guide ('.), is laborious but repaying-, extensive view. — "The Hainzen 
(5370'), via the Eater Alp in 3V2 hrs. (6 A".); descent on the N. via the 
Karl Alp to the Nussen-See (see abive) and (3 hrs.) Aschau (p. 136; guide 
8 A'.), or on the W. via the Rosskogel (5450') to the Ahoi-nfpld Alp and (3 hrs.) 
the station of Wacht (p. 136). — The Predigstuhl (Torlwand; 4195'), from 
the (IV2 hr.) salt-mine via the Rossmoos Alp in V/-2 hr., op by the Hiitleneck 
Alp (see above) in 2 hrs. (guide 2 K. 60 /».), easy and attractive. Descent to 
Ouisern (I'/s hr.), see p. 144. — The Sandling (5630') is ascended by a marked 
path in 5V3 hrs. (guide 8 A".), via the Hiitteneck Alp, Raschberg Alp, and Vordere 
Sandling Alp (attractive; comp. p. 147). — The Rettenkogel (SSiJCf), ascended 
tVom the Wacht (p. 136) through the Schiffau-Tal and via the Sonntagfkar 
Alp in 3V2 hrs. (guide 6 A'.), is a curiously shaped mountain commanding 
a fine view. 

Fkom Ischl to Alt-Acsskk direct, by a new road following the brine- 
conduit (4V2 hrs. on foot ; attractive). We ascend the Rettenbarh-Tal (p. 142) 
to the (l»/4 br.) Rettenbach Alp (2090*; rfmts. at the forester's), at the S- 
base of the Hohe Schrott, then enter the Strubeck ravine by means of a 

144 //. Uoutt i'7. (JUlSEIvN. Salzkutnnttrguf. 

luunel iu the rock, cross the Ahornberg-Steg, and proceed past the 'Solcn- 
ftuben' of Nagelsteg and Brunnkogelvvald, to the (IV2 hr.) Blaa-Alpe (ca. 
3110'; inn), which commands a view of the Loser (p. 147). We fheuce 
descend in 1 hr., via Ramsau and through the Angatbach-Tal, to (11 M.) 
Alt-Aiusee (p. 146). 

Fbom Iscul to the 'Sohafbekg, a charming excursion for half-a-day 
(not to be missed), see p. 135; return-ticket, 3rd cl. 12 K.^ excursion-ticket 
(comp. p. 133) 6 K. iOh. — To Aussee, see R. 27; to Hallstatt and Gosau^ 
see R. 28. — To Weisietibach on the Attersee (p. 131) motor-omnibus (3 A'.) 
thrice daily in summer in 3/4 hr., via Mitter- Weissenbach. 

27. From Ischl to Aussee. 

21 JI. Austrian State Railway in 1-1 V* hr. (S K. 40, 2 K., 1 A'. 10 A.; 
express 4 K. 90, 3 JT., 1 K. GO h.). 

Jschl (1530'), see p. 141. The train (views to the right) crosses 
to the right bank of the Traun, skirts the base of the Siriuskogel 
(p. 142), and recrosses the Traun. — 3 M. Laufen. The picturesque 
village (1570'^ Weisses Rossi, with garden, good; Krone) lies on 
the opposite bank, 1/4 M. to the S. The rapids of the Traun here 
are called the 'Wilde Laufen'. Footpath to Ischl, seep. 143. The 
Ldufencr i]^o//e (2430'; •V4hr.; marked path) is a good point of view. 
— • The train again crosses the Traun. 5 M. Anzenau (Inn zuin 
iiamsfeld). On the opposite bank lies Obcr- Weissenbach (Petter; 
Schilcher), with extensive stores of timber. 

Abijut 1^4 hr. up the Weissenbach- Tal is the Ghorinsky-Klause (2055' j, 
;t large dam with three sluice-gates, built to accumulate the water of the 
W'viisenbach sufficiently to float timber down to the Traun, but now no 
longer used for that purpose. — A shady path ascends to the left behind 
Pdtter's inn to (li/j hr.) the Hochmut {Jochwand; 2800'), which affords 
a charming view. — "The Hochkalmberg or Kahlenberg (6010'; see below) is 
a-icended in 4 hrs. via the Hochmuth (see above) and the Scharten-Alpe. — 
The attraciive ascent of the Gamsfeld (6U40'; 7 hrs., with guide; see p. J51) 
leads via the Chorinsky-Klause and the Eohe Knall Alp, and along the 
Breltkogel (5216') and the Jdgerkogel (6035'). 

The valley expands. On the right is the Hochkalmberg, on the 
left the Sarstein (p. 149). — 6 M. Goisern(1630'; "Petier, R. 1.50- 
5 K. ; *Gois€r€r Miihle, with swimming-bath and cafe, R. 2-4 K. ,• 
Ramsauer, R. 2-10 K. ; Zur Wartburg; Bar, R. 2-b K.), a consid- 
erable village (1200inhab.),is frequented as a summer-resort. About 
1 M. to the N. is the Erzherzogin- Marie- Valerie- Bad (R. 2-4, pens, 
from 7 K.), with sulphurous and iodine springs. 

ExcDRsiONS (guide, Jos. EUmer). Pretty walk alonp the Ramsau road 
to (1 M.) the Cafi turn GrUnen Wald. — Ascent of the Predigstuhl (4195') 
via the Lichteneck Alp in 21/2 hrs., p. 143. — The •Hiitteneck Alp (4065'; 
p. 143) is ascended hence in 3 hrs. via the Krieimon Alp (marked path, f(jr 
the most part shady) ; the descent may be made to (2 hrs.) Isihl or (3 hrs.) 
Aussee (guide not indispensable). — The Hochkalmberg (eOlC/) is ascended 
via the Ram-^au and the Trockerton Alp and Scharlen Alp (rfmts.) in 4- 
472 hrs. (guide 6 A.). Descent via Iglmoos Alp to Gosau 2-2V2 hrs. Or 
we may proceed from the Scharten Alp via the Hohe Knall Alp to the 
(S'/a hrs. ;^ guide 12 A'.) top of the Gamsfeld (comp. p. 151), and descend 
thence via the Angerkar Alp to (2 hrs.) Russbach (p. 151). or through the 
Weissenbach -Tal to Sirobl (p. 136). — Sarstein (B470'; p. 149), marked path 
in 4'/^ hrs. 


% T I 5« ^ 



"SSlIT •ir.a^.: 

' i-^jftjiy - .■ -llSiS :^ 

Salzkammerfnu. AUSSEE. //. Koute l>7. 145 

From Siambach^ 1 M. to the S. of Goisern, the old Potschen road ascends 
ti» the left via St. Agaia and the Potschenhdhe (3220') t( (10 M.) Aussee 
(footpath tc» Alt-Au8see to the left, at the Bachtcirt, see p. 146). 

8 M. Steeg (_*Goldne3 Scbiff; Zauner's Inn, at Au, well spoken 
ofj, at the N. end of the Lake of Hallstatt (p. 148). On the lake, 
at the efflux of the Traun, is the Vienna siimtner-camp lor boys. 
The train skirts the E. bank of the lake, the line, 50' above the 
water, having been hewji at places in the precipitous rocks of the 
Sarstein (^p. 149). 11 M. Gosaumuhle (-p. 150; ferry in 13 min. to 
the W. bank, 20 ft.). The train passes through a short tunnel and 
crosses the deep Wehrgraben. 13 M. Hallstatt; the station is oppo- 
site the village of that name (p. 148). We then pass to the rear of 
the small chateau of Grub^ with its four towers. — 14*/2 M. Ober- 
tratin (Zum Sarstein)^ at ^he S.E. angle of the Lake of Hallstatt 
(p. 148j. 

A carriage-road runs round the S. hank of the lake to the Lahn and 
(1 hr ) Hallstatt, see p. 149. — To Aussee over the Koppen (2200'; 3 hrs.), a 
pleasant walk, chiefly through wood. A visit to the Kopptnbruller-Edhle (in 
the Briilleiffraben, to the left below the road, 4 M. from Obertraun) is interest- 
ing in spring only, when the brook, which rushes in a subterranean course 
through the cavern, is swollen by melting snoAv (guide and torches requisite). 

The line, relaid at a higher level after the floods of 1897, runs 
through the wild and narrow Koppen - TaL. It passes through a 
tunnel and crosses the foaming Traun three times. The gorge ex- 
pands, and we soon reach (21 M.) the station of Aussee (2090'; 
Hot. Bahnhof, R. 1-3 K.; Railway Restaurant), at Unter-Kainisch 
(salt-works), 1 M. to the S. of the town. 

Aussee. — Hotels. 'Kaiseu vox Ostkkbeicu (Hackixgek), 11. 3-6, pens. 
10-14 E., onui. 6J h. ; 'Ekzherzog Franz Kakl (Post). R. 3-6, pens. 10-12 K. ; 
Ekzuekzog J.jhanx, opposite the Kurhans, R. 3-4.50. pen". 8-12 K.. good; 
Sonne, R. 2-8 A'. ; Wilder Mann, R. l.mS K. ; Hot. Hdemer, Ischler- 
Str. 81 ; Hot zcm Touristen, plain; Blaue Tkacbe. pi .in; Rossl, R. 120- 
2 A'. ; Stadt WiEN, next the Kurhau'^ well spoken of. — 'Pens. Hurscu, 
on the Alt-Ausseer Promenade, R. 3 30-14.30 pens. 13.^0-24.20 A".; Pens; 
8zamvald, Ischler Str., pens. 7-10 A'.; Pens. Eichelhof, Bahnhof-Strasae. — 
Ca/i Vesco, in the Kurhaus-Platz and at Piaunfalk. 

Kluhals, with cafd, reading-room, etc. — Visitors" Tax for a short 
stay 60 h. per day, for a stay of more than a fortni;2;ht 14 K. 

Baths of all kinds in the Kaiser- Fram- Josefs- Bad ^ Bahnhof-Str. 
Vitzthum, Haupt-Str. 145; in the Kur-Anstalt Alpenheim (p. 146), etc. — 
Swimming-baths on the Traun. 

Carriage from the station to the town lA'. 60. with two horses 2 j^.40/^.,• 
to the Grundlsee, or to Alt-Au.spee, 3 A. 60 A. or 6 A"., there and back, with 
stay of 1 hr., 6 A. or 9A'. 20/i. (from the station, 7 or 11 A); to Gossl via 
Grundlsee and back, with stav of 1 hr., 8 A. 60 h. or 13 A. (each additional 
hour's stay 1 A. 20 A. or 2 A.). These fares include the driver's fee. 

Guides. Alois and Mich. Grieshofer, Franz Angerer, Matth. Oasperl and 
Joh. HUdl at Aussee, Joh. and Alois Wimmer at Alt-Aussee, Alois Pressl at 
<Trundlsee (key-plan to the system of marked paths exhibited in the Kurhaus). 

Aussee (2135'), aStyrian market-town (IGOOinhab.), charmingly 
situated on the Traun, is much visited as a watering-place (salt- 
baths , etc.) and summer-resort. Close to the town are fine pine- 
woods, traversed by pleasant walks. The small Spital-Kirche contains 

ISaeuekek^s Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 10 

140 II. li.l'7. — Map,j>. 114. AUSSEE. SuUkummcryul. 

a good oarly-Cierujan winged altar-piece of 14 i'J. A little to the N., 
on the road to Alt-Aussee (sec below ), is the *Kur~Anstalt Alpen- 
Iteiitt (hydropathic establishment, with various baths; pens. 9-15 A'.), 
open from 15th May to 30th Sept., and about 1/2 ^1- farther on, at 
Praunfalk, is the *Bade-H6tel Elisabeth (R. 3-6," board 8 K.). 

Shout Walks. Eur-Park and Mecsiry Promenade.^ adjoining the Kur- 
liaus ; Wildleiteu and Schvodbenwald Promenade., on the right bank of the 
Alt- Aussec-Tniun; thence via the Erzherzog-Johann Promenade to the 
Sixlleiten ( '/« br.), which affords a good survey of the environs. Elisabeth 
Promenade and Payer Promenade^ on the way to Alt-Aussee iCaf6 Vesco, 
in the Praunfalk, 20 min. to the N.). — To the Tauscherin and the Dichter- 
ruhe, »/< M. to the S.-, to the N. via the shady Cramer Promenade to the 
C/j hr.) Cafi Loitzl in Ober- Tressen , with fine view of the Dachstein : 
thence through wood to the Bdrenmoos (1/4 hr.) and the Fuchsstein-Blick 
('/■J hr.), or to the GrundUee (1 hr. ; p. 147j; to the S.E. to (V2 hr.) S(. Leon- 
/lafd, with its old church (rfmts. from the sacristan); to the W. to the (2/4 hr.) 
^Vasner., to the N.W. to the (V2 hr.) Schmidgut, both with cafes and views. 

Mountain Ascents. A path, indicated by yellow marks, ascends via the 
\yasner (see above) in 2V2 hrs. to the P/ei/erin Alp (3280'), on the E. slope 
of the Sarstein (guide 2 A"., unnecessary). — The "Sarstein (6470'; A^jz- 
;■) hrs. ; guide 6 A.) is ascended by red-marked paths leading via the Wasner 
(see above) through the Knappenwald and over the Scharte (5640') above the 
Lower Sarstein Alp (p. 149), whence a path ascends to the left to the (^/h hr.) 
summit. — The Rotelstein (5'280') is easily ascended in 3 hr.s. (guide 6 A.); 
r.iad via Sl.Leonhard (see above) and Anger to (Ibr.) Struussenlal, on the 
Padling- Sattel (p. 566). then by a path (red marks) to the left via the Lang- 
mooi Alp to the (2 hrs.) top. — The Zinken (6090') is another easy and 
attractive ascent of SVz hrs. (red marks) from Unter-Kainisch (p. 145) via 
liie Handler Alp (guide 5 A.). 

To Alt- Alssee [2^2 ^1-); ^ drive of V2 ^r- [carriages, see 
l>. 145); omnibus thrice daily from the railway- station, in 1 hr. 
(I A'.). The road (the Elisabeth Promenade and Payer Tromenadc 
preferable for walking; l'/4 hr.) ascends the wooded valley of the 
Ali-Aussee Traun, which it crosses thrice, passing a mill, to Alt- 
Aussee (2360'; Kitzerhof, with garden-restaurant; Brunthaler, with 
baths, K. 2-8 A"., plain but good; Griiner Baum; Pens. Nassau; 
Bachwirt). About 1/2 M. farther on is Fischerndorf (2352': *h6t€l 
am Ste & Park- Hotel- Pens. Seehaus, R. 3 K. 60-14, board 7-8 A'.), a 
favourite summer-resort on the charming *Alt-AuBsee Lake (2320'; 
2 M. long and 72^- broad), overshadowed by the precipitous 
Trisselwand on theE., the Tressenstein on the S., the Loser on the 
N., and the Sandling on the W. A trip in a small boat (obtained 
at t!ie Hotel am See) should not be omitted. Swimming-bath 
beside the sluice at the S.W. end of the lake (ferry AO h.). 

KxcLKsioNs. The Seevciese (on foot along the ^\ bank 3/4 hr., by boat 
',•2 hr.), a meadow at the N.E. end (restaurant), commands a view of the 
Dachstein. Thence we may proceed through wood to (1 hr.) the O'ais- 
knechtstein, affording a good view of the lake and the Dachstein. From 
the Seewiese we may return by the Erzherzog Franz Earl Promenade along 
the S. bank of the "lake tu (l'/* br.) Alt-Aussee. — To the W. a shady 
promenade leads to the ('/•_' hr.) I'uchsbauer (inn), with charming survey of 
the Alt-Aussee valley, the Dachstein, etc. Thence to the (3/4 hr.) ruin of 
Pflindsberg, with a small waterfall (usually dry in summer), or (preferable) 
via Lichtertberg to the (3/4 hr.) Bachwirt (restaurant) at Lupitsch, afid by 
the Ischl road past the Schmidgut (view) to (IV4 hr.) Aussee. — To the 
Aussee Salt Mine on the Sandling, 1 hr. •, adm. 2 A. each person, duration 

Sa'.ikaimncTtjH'.. GKLfNDLSKE. Map,p. 144. — lI.RrJ!. 147 

of visit 1 hr. Tiie JJo/ie UriHdlmt/ (063U'j may be asceuJed from tlic luiiu-. 
in '2Vi hrs. with guide (6A'.J, by a path provided with wire-ropes at the 
steepest points (p. 143). — The •Loser (6020'; 4 hrs. ; guide 6 K.), an ad- 
mirable point ii{ view, presents nn difficulty. From the Hotel am See we 
follow the road up the Flvderg raheii for 25 miu., then diverge by a bridle- 
path ascending to the right, past a spring, to the (23,4 hrs.) Angst Alp 
(472o') and the (V4 hr.) Loser-Biilte (4920' •, inn in summer). The summit 
(1 hr. more) commands an extensive and beautiful view. A shorter but 
steep rjute a-cends to the right from the Alt-Aussee church to the Lo.'^er- 
Hiitte in 3 hrs. — The *Br&uningzinken (6200'), reached in 2 hri. from 
the Loser-Hiitte by a path leading past the little Augsi-See (5360') and the 
Brduning Alp. enjoys a still more comprehensive panorama. — From Alt- 
Aussee to IschL via the Rettenbach-Tal, see p. 144; via the Wildemee to the 
Offensee and Ebemee, see p. 141. 

Feom Alt - Alssee to the Geusdlsee , direct, across the Battel . 
2'/2 hrs. (guide 2 K. 40 A., unnecessary). The path (marked) leads to the 
right from the Seeklause, at the S.W. end of the Alt-Aussee lake and 
ascends (for the most part blasted through the rock, but quite safe) the 
Sleigwand to the (iVi hr.) Tressen-Sattel (3140'; Caft Kaum ; line view). 
The path then descends through meadows and wood to the (1 hr.) Hot. 
Schraml. An easy ascent of » 4 hr. leads from the saddle to the W. to 
the Tressenstein {i^^')\ equally attractive but fatiguing C-'/a hrs. ; path 
marked) is the ascent of the Tr'isselwand (5815'), to the N.E. — .\ still easier 
route leads from Alt-Aus^-ee via the Dachslein-Blick, the Ca/e Loitzl (p. 146), 
and the Cramer Promenade to the (1V2-2 hrs.) Grundlsee. 

From Au.xsee to the Grundlsbk, 3 M. to the Seeklause [car- 
riages, p. 145; omnibus from the Kurtaus-Platz in ^/ihT., fare 
1 A'.). The roai leads for the most part through wood, on the left 
bank of the Orundlaee Traun, to the (-^ M.) Seeklause (restaurant). 
^Valkers should follow the Rebenburg Promenade along the Traun 
( 1 hr.) or the shaded path via the Cafe' Loitzl and the Cramer Pro- 
menade (l'/-.'hx,). About •^/4 M. short of the Klause stands the 
*HoUl BeUerue (U, 3-6, pens. 9-14 AT.), with a terrace overlooking 
the lake. A steamboat plies 6 times daily from the Klause via 
Schraml (see below) to Gijssl. at the head of the lake (^o ^r. ; fare 
90 A.). The road runs along the N. hank of the lake, passing the 
Stockl Inn, to the {^U y^)* Hotel Schraml (R. 2-5 K., with salt and 
lake baths), a charming point of view. It next leads past the (2 M.) 
Ladner Inn to (I72 M.) the Restaurant Veit. in Gossl, 8 miu. from 
the steamboat- pier. The *GruiidlBee (2325'), 3^/4 M. long and 
V2 M. wide, is enclosed by wooded mountains and abounds in fish. 
The E. background is formed by the bare precipices of the Tote 
Gebirge. From the Restaurant Veit a rough road skirts the base of 
the perpendicular Gosslwand to (1 M.) the beautiful *Toplit2-See 
('2350'J. IV4 M. long, with two waterfalls (boat across in 25 min.). 
About 1/4 M. farther on lies the sequestered Kammer-See (2360'), in 
a gran i situation at the base of the Tote Gebirge. This 'Drei-Seen- 
Tour', or tonr of the three lakes, makes a very charming excursion 
(from the Klause to the Kammer-See and back, 3 hrs. ; fare there 
and back, including the row across the Toplitz-See, 2 K. 70 h., 
from Schraml's Inn 2 K. SOh.; small fee to the ferryman). About 
1 M. to the W. of G0S8I is the Ranft-Muhle^ beside a picturesque 
fall of the Ziynitz. 


1 48 //. li. 2S. — Mail, p. 111. II ALLSTAT'I". Sidzkammvrijul. 

Tlic exploratinii (if the Tote Uebirge is intcrestiiif; Imt attended with 
latigue. From Gossl (p. 147) a path indicated by red marks fguide 6 M. 
not indispensable for experts) ascends to the (S'/-^ hrs.) Gvosse Lahngaiirj- 
See (olOU'), and thence past the Kleiue Lahngang-See to (3/4 hr.) the Elm- 
Jagdhaus, a club-hut in the Elmgvuhe (5260'; 12 mattresses), whence the 
Wilde G'dssl (6660) may be ascended by a marked path in I1/2 hr. From 
the club-hut we may proceed to the ('/'^ hr.) Elm-See (5480 and thence 
via the liotkogel and the Schneetal to (5 hrs.) the summit of the Grosxe 
Friel (S250'-, a fatiguing ascent), and down to (3 hrs.) Stoder (p. 562). 

From Giissr. to Stoder over the Salzsteig (8-9 hrs.; guide 16 K.), im 
inlercstiny; route for experts. We proceed (blue way-marks) via the 
iSchwecken Alp to the Salza-Tal, ascend the Salzsteig to the Oedeni Al}), 
cross the Oederer-Torl (5210') to the Gross-See and the Tauplitz Alp., on the 
picturesque Steyver See (refuge-hut, see p. 566) and reach the Schuarze See 
(see p. 562), where the route joins that from Klachau via Tauplitz. 

Railway from Aussee to Stainach and Selztal, see R. 96. 

28. From Ischl to Hallstatt and to Abtenau and 
Golling via Gosau. 

R.MLWAY to (13 M.) Hallstatt station in 40-45 minutes. — Steajiboat 
l«etween the station and town of Hallstatt in 7 min., in connection with 
each train (fare 50, return 80^.). Railway and steamboat tickets are issued 
at the Hotel Kainz in Hallstatt. — Omnibus (9 seats) between Hallstatt 
and Gosau-Schmied every morning in summer in 272 hrs., returning in the 
afternoon; fare 3if., there and. back 4 A". Another omnibus plies daily in 
summer from Gosaumiihl to Gosau (Brandwirt) and Gosau-Schmied in 
ca. 2 hrs. (fare 8, there and back 4 A".); and a third from Gosaumiihl to 
the Brandwirt every afternoon in lV-2 br., returning early next morning 
in l'/4 hr. (fare 2, there and back 3 A.). — One-horse carr. from Ischl to 
Hallstatt in 2V2 brs.. 13 A. 20 A., two-horse carr. 22 A.; to Gosau (Brand- 
wirt) in 3V2 brs., 14 A. 30 or 2i A. 60 h. ; to Gosau-Schmied in 4 hrs., 16 A. 30 
or 28 A'. 60 /i. (driver's fee included). Carr. from Hallstatt or from Gosau- 
muhl to Gosau-Schmied and back, 16 A'., with two horses 24 A'., from 
Steeg (Goldnes Schiff) 14 or 22 A. (fee included). — Diligence from Gosau 
to Abtenau dailv in 3 hrs. (3 A. 40 h.) ; from Abtenau to Golling twice 
daily in 2V4 hrs'. (2 A. 60 h.). Two-horse carr. from Gosau to Golling 36 A. 
One-horse carr. from Gosau (Brandwirt) to Abtenau 12 A".; from Abtenau 
to Golling 8 A., and 1 A". 20 A. to the driver; two-horse 14-16 A., and 2 A. 
to the driver. From Golling io Abtenau, one-horse carr. 9, two-horsi 
16 K. ; to Gosau-Schmied 22 or 40 A'. ,• to Hallstatt 32 or 60 A. 

Railway from Ischl to (13 M.) Hallstatt station, see pp. 144, 145. 
Tlie *Lake of Hallstatt (1620'), which is 5 M. long and i/2-lV4^^- 
broad, is bounded on three sides by lofty mountains (E. the Sarstein ; 
S. the Krippcnstein, Zwolferkogel, and llirlatz; AV. the Plasscn, 
(Josauhals, and Ramsauer Gebirge). 

Hallstatt {*H6tel Kainz, with terrace on the lake, R. 3-6, D. 4, 
pens. 7-12 K.; Gruner Baum, R. 1 K. 20 /i.-3, pens. 5-8 K. ; Zur 
Simonyh'dtte , R. i K. QOh.-l K., well spoken of; Adler, Lamm, 
Loitzl, Anker, unpretending), a village with 800 inhal). (Va Prot.), 
lies within very narrow limits between the hillside and the lake. In 
the middle of the village the Miihlbach forms a waterfall. The Parish 
Church contains an altar in carved wood of the 15th cent. ; numerous 
tikulls are preserved in the ossuary (fee). The Protestant Church is 
modern. In the former 'GefaiiL'nii^haus", or prison, an old biiildinL' 

Saltkammergut. HALLSTATT. Map,p.144. — II. n.2S. 149 

partly liewii out of the solid rock, is a small Museum (open 8-12 
and 1-G; adm. 40 h.), with two Celtic graves and other local anti- 
quities. A road leads to the S. to (2/4 M.) the Lahn (inns), a small 
plain formed by the alluvial deposits of the Waldbach^ with the Salt 
Works. The Kalvarienberg ('Vesper-Blick'), 10 min. higher, com- 
mands a good view. 

ExcDRsioNS. — The Rudolfs-Turm C2800'), occupied by the manager of 
the mine, is reached by a good zigzag path in 50 min. from the market- 
place. An inscription by a bench, halfway up, dated 1504, records that the 
mines were visited in that year by Emp. 3Iaximilian. The bench in front 
affords a One view of the lake. Excavations made since 1846 have bmu^'ht 
to light an ancient burial-ground in the vicinity. The graves (of which 
about 2000 have been opened) are probably those of Celtic salt-miners of 
the 3rd or 4th cent. B. ('. Numerous relics, especially bronze ornamouts, 
have been discovered. The important of these are now in the Im- 
perial Museum at Vienna and in the Museum Francisco- Carolinum at 
Linz ; but there are also a few in the Hallstatt Museum (see above). — Tlio 
mining-offices and the entrance to the Hallstatt Salt Mine (3675') arv 
reached in 2/4 hr. more. A visit to the interior lakes about 1 hr. (comp. 
p. 143; tickets of adm. at the offices: 1 pers. 3 K. 30, 2 pers. i K. 20, 
3 pers. i K. 80 /».). The descent may be made down the Oangsleig (red 
way -marks; guide unnecessary) to the (1 hr.) Waldbach-Strub. — Path 
by the brine-conduit to the (1 hr.) Gosau-Zwang. see p. 150. We ascend 
to the right by a somewhat steep path beyond the Roman Catholic cemetery 
(20 min.); or' we may start from the Rudolfs-Turm. 

The Waldbach-Strub ('2060'), in the wooded Ech<rn-rnl, 1 hr. to the 
.S.W. of Hallstatt, is precipitated in three leaps from a lieisiht of 305' throuy,h 
a cleft in the rocks. The path leads to the right from the Lahn (see above), 
passes (V-2 hr.) Croatia's Inn and the (10 min.) Jnn zur Gn'inen Wiese., and 
finally ascend.s to the right to C^O min.) a point of view opposite the fall. 
The Schleier Fall, of about eijual height, descends into the same abyss. — 
A picturesque path ('Malerweg') leads along the right bank of the Wald- 
bach from Croaito's Inn (see above) to the Lahn and back to Hallstatt. 

A road leads from the Lahn along the S. bank of the lake through 
the Hirsehau, passing the Hirschbrunn and the Kettel (two intermittent 
springs), to Winkl and fl hr.) Obevtrann (p. 145). About 1 hr. from the 
Lahn (path diverging to the left from the route to the Kalvarien-Berg) 
i.s the flirtchnu Alp, affording the best view of the lake. 

MoiNTAiN Ascents (guides, Franz Unterberger, G. Grill, Joh., Alois, 
Jos., and I.eop. Seelhaler, Franz Fnckne). — From Hallstatt to the JJintere 
Gotau-See (S hrs.; guide 12 JT., convenient), fatiguing but repaying. A 
red-marked path diverges tn the right from the Kaiser-Franz-.Tosefs-Rpit- 
weg '^p. 150), crosses the Wablb.ich near the waterfall, and ascends via 
the Klaus Alp., Landner Alp, and the Eadltal Alp to the Anger- Iliitlen and 
Beencuvzen-Sattel, between the Angerkogl and the Beerwurzenkogl. Thence 
we descend to the Nasstal-Hiittf.n and the saddle between the Brettkogel 
and Hofner, and. more steeply, through the Knglgaste to the lake (p. 151). 

Stein^aben-Schneid (or Schneidkogel, 5055'), path (red marks) via the 
salt-mine in 3 hrs. ; guide (6 K.) not indispensable ; admirable view of the 

Flassen (6405'). an ascent of 5 hrs. by a blue-marked path via the 
salt-mine and the N.E. arete (guide 8 K., advisable) ; magnificent view of 
the Dachstein, the Alps of Salzburg and Styria, and the valleys of the 
Traun and the Gosau. The descent may be made by the Schreier Alp to 
(3 hrs.) Gosau. 

The Hirlatz (6505') may be ascended via the Wies Alp (p. 150) in 
5 hrs. (guide 8 K.), and the Zwdlferkogel (6490') in 51/2 hrs. (guide 10 K.). 
The latter is more difficult and less attractive. 

The *Sar8tein (6470* ; 5 hrs. ; guide 10 K.) is best ascended from Ober- 
traun by the (2V2-3 hrs.) Vordere Sarstein Alp (SSiO*) ; we then mount the 
broad rounded ridge of the mountain ( Steinhiittelgrat) to the (IV2 hT.)Holin 

ir)() U. n.':i8.— Mav,'p.lii. r.OSAU. ^aUlutmmergul 

f^antein Alp and the (^U hr.) summit. View one of the most extensive in 
the Salzkammergut. The ascent may be made also from Goisern (p. 144) 
via St. Agata and the Niedei-e Sarsfein Alp (inn in summer) in 4V2 trs. 
(■easiest route), or from Aussee (p. 146) in 41/2 hrs. 

Krippenstein (69(J5'-, 5 hrs.; sjuide 10 A'.), an interesting accent. We 
ftrry to Winkl and ascend steeply I0 the iMedere Schajeck Alp and thr 
(■2V4 hrs.) Hohe Scha/eck Alp (4430'). We then proceed through the Krippcn- 
gaise to the (3/4 l»r.) Krippenbrunnen (5085') and the (8/4 hr.) Krippened: 
(5700'), turn sharply to the left, round the Niedere Krippensfeiji, and reach 
(IV2 hr.) the summit of the Hohe Krippenstein, which affords an excellent 
survey of the Hallstatter See and the Dachstein range. About 10 min. to 
the W. of the Krippeneck lies the Gjaid Alp (5S60'), whence a route leads 
via the Zirhengrvhe and the Taiibenkar to the (2^4 hrs.) Simoiuj-IIHIte (see 
below). — To the S. of the Gjaid Alp a path marked with stakes crosses 
the limestone plateau 'Am Stein' and the Feister - Schnvte (7250') to the 
Uamsau (see p. 569-, to Schladming, 6V2-7 hrs., guide 20 /T.). 

Hohe Gjaidstein (9140'; 71/2 hrs. ; guide \% K.), another line point: ascent 
from the {Wivs) Gjaid Alp (see above) via the TaubenkogelOb^ib^) Niedere 
(ij'aidstein in 3'/2 hrs. (or from the Simony Hut, see below, in 13/4-2 hrs.). 

The ■=Dachstein(9815'). the highest peak but one of the N. Limestone Alps 
(Parseier Spitze 9965', Zugspitze 9720'), is usually ascended from Hallstatt 
(§-91/2 hrs. ; trying; guide 20, with descent to Gosau 24, to the Au'^tria-Hiitte 
or IIofpiirgl-Hiitte 26 A'.). Those who are not vigorous enough to make 
the whole ascent should, at least, go to the Simony Hut, 5V2-6 hrs. (guide 
8 A"., overnight 13 K.). A bridle-path ('Kaiser Franz Josefs Reitweg') ascends 
from Croattos Inn through the Echet-n-Tal to the (IV2 hr.) AUe Herd; it 
(•ends to the left here, passes the Tropfwand and the (lV2hr.) Tiergarten- 
firvnnen (rfmts.), and proceeds through the Tiergarten to the (^/i hr.) Tier- 
garten-Hohe. We then ascend to the right, leaving the Wies Alp and the 
Ochsenwies Alp to the left, to the (IV2 hr.) Ochsenwies-Hofie (6520* -, view of 
the Dachstein) and through the Wildkar to the (1 hr.) Simony Hut (7220*; 
Inn, bed 4 A". 80, mattress IK. 40 A.), on the margin of the Karls-Eisfeld 
or Hallstatt Olacier. From the hut (steady head henceforth necessary) 
we cross the glacier to the (2-2V2 hrs.) arete (8860*; fme view from the 
'Dachsteinwarte'), ascend to the right (rope and iron pegs) to the top of 
the Shoulder, proceed high above the 'Randklaft' (large crevasse) to the foot 
of the peak, and finally mount to the (I-IV2 hr.) summit of the Hohe Dach- 
stein. Superb view, extending to the Schneeberg, Terglou. Canin, Tauern, 
Stubaier Ferner, and the Bohemian Forest. — Descent to Gosau., see p. 151; 
to Schladming (more difficult), see p. 569. — From the Simony Hut to the 
Adamek-Hiitte (p. 151), via the Steiner - Scharle (ca. 11,975') or the Simonp- 
Scharte (ca. 8695'), ca. 3 hrs. (with guide). Descent to the Gosati Glacier, 
steep and difficult. 

The HoAi) FBOM Hallstatt to Gosau (872 M. ; steamer froin 
Hallstatt to Gosauraiihle, twice or thrice daily in 25 min., 50 /(. ; 
omnibus, see p. 148) skirts the lake to the (2'/2 M.) Oomu-Zwany 
(see below), V2 M. to the W. of Gosau-Miihle (Inn, R. 1.60-2.40, 
pens, from 5 K., good ; ferry to the station, see p. 145), at the moiitli 
of the Gosaubach. [Pedestrians should take the more interesting 
Solenleitungs-Weg^ or path by the brine-condnit (V4 ^r. longer: 
see p. 149); at the Gosau-Zwang it joins the road.] "The road now 
turns to the W., passes under the Gosau-Zwang (an aqueduct, 
146 yds. long and 140' high at its highest part, by which the salt- 
water conduit crosses the valley ), and ascends the narrow wooded 
ravine of the Gosau-Bach. Near the long village of (8Y2 M.) Gosau 
(2390'; *BTandwirt, 45 R. at 1 /ST. 20-3, pens, b-7 K.; Kirchenwirt) 
the valley expands. Towards the S. tower the Donnerkogeln (p. 152). 

Snhkamweraut. ZWIKSKT. A T.P. }fap. p. / 44. — 11. Ti. ?.9. 1 f)! 

An almost level road (omnibus, see p. 148) leads from Gosau to 
the (3M.) Gosau- Schmied (2540'; *Inn, R. 1.20-3 K.\ prettily 
situated. A road ascends thence through the wood to the \^l\ hr. ) 
beautiful green *Vordere Gosau - See (^OSO'), 1 M. Ions, ^U^\. 
broad, surrounded by woods (small tavern at the sluice). To the 
S.E., in the background, towers the lofty Dachstein with the two 
Gosau Glaciers; to the left the Hohe Kreuz, to the right the Tor- 
stein and Donnerkogel (a splendid picture, best by evening-light), 
liowing to the S.E. end of the lake (V4 hr. ; there and back 1 K. 20 /». ), 
or walking round by the S. bank (20 min.), we next ascend by a 
steep and stony path, passing the Gcsaulacke ('tarn'; 3180'), to the 
(2 hrs.) light- green *Hintere Gosau-See (3790'), about half the size 
of the Vordere See, grandly and wildly situated. 

ExccRsioxs (guides. Matth. Ganujager, Daniel Fail, Pram SpielbUcfiler^ 
Chr. Urstoger, Leopold ^y^alln^r^ Joh. Gapp). At the upper end of the Hintere 
See (ferry, small fee) lies the Hintere Seehiitte. Hence a bridle-path (guide 
8 K.y unnecessary) ascends past the (I'/s hr.) open Grobgettein-Hutte (5580') 
to the (l»/2 hr. ; 'S'/z hrs. from the Go.sau- Schmied) Adamek-Hiitte (70V)'; 
24 beds at 4 A'. 80, and 30 mattresses at 1 K. 20 ft.), built by the Austrian 
Alpine Club, near the Gosau Glaci'r^ a .starting- point for the Dacli- 
stein and the Torstein (both difficult). Ascent of the Dachstein OSl"*'), 
3-3Vshr3. (guide from Go<au 20, with descent to Il.Ustatt 21, to the .Vu.sfria 
Hiitte 25 A'): from the hut a laborious ascent up the crevas*ed terraces of 
the glacier to the (2 hrs.) Ohere Windlurke (8860'), between the Mitterspitze 
and the Dachstein, and over the W. arete to the (IV2-2 hrs.) summit (see 
p. 150). — Ascent of the Torstein (96€5'), 31/2 hrs. from the Adamek Hut 
(guide 26 K.): over the Gosau Glacier to the right to the (2V? hrs.) Utitere 
Windlucke (8990'), between the .Mitter.spitze and the Torstein, where we 
turn to the right and ascend round the S. side of the Tor.«tein, to the (4 hr.) 
summit. ^'View remarkablv imposing and picturesque. — Linzer Weg from 
the Adamek-Hiitte to the (4" hrs.) Hofpiirgl-HiUte (guide j2 A'.), see p. 571. — 
To the Simony-HUtte via the Sfeiner Scharte or the Simomj-Scharte, see p. 150. 

From the Vordere See a somewhat toilsome but interesting path (6 hrs., 
guide 10 K.) leads over the Scharirand Alp., the Ahomkar., and the (SV^ hrs.) 
Steigl (6900*), a depression of the Gosauer Slein, down to the (1 hr.) Hof- 
pnrgt-HiUte and (IV2 hr.) Filzmoos (p. 570). 

From Gosau to Abtenau, 8^2 ^- The road ascends for i'^/^ M. 
to the Pass Gschutt (3185'; inn), the boundary between Upper 
Austria and the district of Salzburg, It then descends to (81/2 ^J- 1 
Russhach (2660'; two inns), at the foot of the Gamsfeld (6640'), 
which may be ascended via the Angerkar Alp in 3^2 l^rs. (see p. 144), 
and leads through the Russbach-Tal to the (6 M.) Schiveiyhof Bridge 
over the Lammer (2030'; about V2 ^^« t^ the S.E. is the Zwieselbad, 
p. 152) and to ( 8V2 M.) Abtenau. 

A preferable route for pedestrians leads over the *Zwie8el Alp 
(5195') : from Gosau to the Zwiesel Alp 3, to Abtenau 6 hrs.; guide 
(not indispensable) to the Zwiesel Alp 4, to Abtenau 8 K. The path 
(way-marks), beginning at the Brandwirt, ascends over the Kalvarien- 
berg, chiefly through wood. At the foot of the summit, beyond an 
enclosure, the path to the right leads to the (21/2 hrs.) Ed Alp (see 
p. 152); the path to the left, ascending on the E. side to the summit, 
is shorter but steeper. 

152 II. R.28.— Maps,pp.l44,l54. ABTENAU. 

From the Gosau-Sclimied (p. 151) a path ascends to the right throogh 
wood by a finger-post, 25 min. on the way to the Gosau-See, to (2 hrs.)" 
the Ed Alp (Alpcnrosc, 18 beds at 2-3 K., clean), 20 min. below the summit. 
Or we may ascend direct from the Vorderc See, through the so-called 
'Kraut^arten\ close below the Donnerluigel (2 hrs. ; recommended for the 
descent). Bnih these paths also are indicated by red marks. 

*ViEW. To the S., in the distance, to the right of the Donnerkogel, 
rise the Hochalmspitze, then the Tauern chain, and the conspicuous 
Gross-Glockner, with its snow-fields ; adjoining it is the Wiesbachhorn; to 
the right, through an opening, the Gross -Venediger is partly visible. 
To the S. W., in the foreground, the Tennen-Gebirge; more to the left, 
the Uebergossene Alp and the Hochkonig. To the W. the Hohe Gcill ; to 
the right, rather more distant, the long Untersberg. To the E., above the 
Gosau-Tal, rises the Dachstein, with the Gosau glaciers; far below lie 
the Gosaulacke and the small green Hintere Gosau-.See. From the slope, 
about 50 paces farther on, we obtain also a view of the Vordere Gosau-See. 

The Grosse Donnerkogel (6730') may be ascended from the Zwiesel Alp 
in 2 hrs., with guide {% K.). 

Travellers bound direct for the Pongau proceed in V2 hr. to the three 
chalets below the summit of the Zwiesel Alp to the W. Marked path thence 
in 2 hrs. to Annaberg (2515'; Post; Neuwirt), whence a road (diligence daily) 
leads via Lungotz (Penn) and (6 M.) St. Martin (*Post) to the (2 hrs.) station 
of Brunnhtiusl (p. 572). — From Lungotz an attractive route (5 hrs.) leads 
via the Jockel-Riedel (5640*) to Werfen (p. 164). From St. Martin the ascent 
of the Frommerkogel (G190'; view), to the W., is made in 3 hrs. 

To Fti.zMoos (U hrs. ; guide advisable, 8 K). P'rom the Zwiesel Alp 
an attractive but fatiguing path leads Hinter dem Stein round the W. side 
of the Donnerkogeln to the (2 hrs.) Stuhl Alp (4500'), which affords a fine 
view of the Tauern. It then ascends the steep Stuhl-Klamm and crosses the 
Stuhlloch-Hohe (5250') and the Looseck to the (2 hrs.) Sulzkar Alp whence 
we proceed via the Hacklplatten (4830') to the (1 hr.) A\i Alp and (1 hr.) 
Fihmoos (p. 570). 

Ekom the Zwibsbl Alp to Abtenau (3-3V2 hrs.). The path 
[red and white marks) descends from the Ed Alp (see ahove) to the 
depression on the N.W., leaving the fence to the right. Beyond the 
meadows straight in front it turns to the left and follows the guide- 
posts, passing at first tlirough wood, beyond which (2/4 hr.) we 
obtain a fine view of the Lammer-Tal, with the Tennen-Gebirge 
and Uebergossene Alp to the W. Then past the hamlet of Ed to a 
(11/2 ''i^- ) bridge over the Lnmmer. We may now either cross the 
bridge and follow the Annaberg road to (4^^ M.) Abtenau; or, 
without crossing, follow the cart-track to the right to the ( 17-2 ^•) 
*Bad Abtenau or Zwieselbad ('2335'; 90 beds from 1 K. QOk, pens, 
from 7 K.), with a bitter spring and baths, and join the Gosau road 
(p. 151) at the (10 min.) Schweighof Bridge. We cross the Lammer 
to (IV4 hr.) Abtenau (2335'; Roter Ochs; Post; Brda), a village 
with 750 inhab. at the N.E. base of the iennen-Oebirge (p. 154). 

The Bleikogel (7900'; guide 12 A'.), the central summit of the Tennen- 
Gebirge, may be ascended from Abtenau via the Tori and the Tenn-Alpe in 
6 hrs. (fatiguing). Excellent view. The descent may be made via the 
Pitschenherg Alp to JVerfen (comp. p. 154). Guide, Matth. Guggenberger of 

From Abtenau to Golling (12 M.; diligence and carriages, 
see p. 148). The road leads to the N.W. to DoUerhof and (IV2 M.) 
Muhlrain and then descends into the deep and well wooded valley 
of the Schwarzbach, which it crosses near its junction with the 

BLl)ttNBACH-TAl.. Afap, p. 754. — //. fi. 2.9. 15B 

Lammer (1 i/o M.). We then follow the left bank of the latter, passing 
(1/4 M.) the Voglau Inn^ opposite the hamlet of Pkld (right bank). 
The valley contracts and is shut in by lofty wood-clail cliffs. 1/4 ^f- 
Finger-post indicating the way to the right across the Lammer to 
the (l/o^rO *i'ichl'Fall or Aubach-FaU (230' high) and the Ofen of 
the Aubach. About I74M. farther on, to the right, below the road, 
is the St. Veil's Bridge, which affords a fine view of the Lammerofen 
(see below). The road now descends to (1 M.) the Lammer-Brilcke, 
crosses it (Briickenwirt, on the right bank), where it is joined on 
the left by the steep old road via the Strubberg^ and follows the right 
bank to (3 M.) Scheffau and (3 M.) Golling (p. 12G). 

Visitors to the 'Lammerftfen (' Yeits- Brilckl- Klamuien' ; guide advisable 
for novice?) turn to the right trom the road at the finger-post about I72 M. 
below St. Veit's Bridge, tuUow the somewhat trying path (steps) through 
the upper and narrower portion of the gorge, wnich afterwards expands, 
and in ca. 25 min. reach the inn at the Lamnier-Briicke (see above). 

From the point, IV2 31. shf»rt of Gollins, where the road and the 
Lammer separate, a footpath leads to the left towards the bridge crossed 
by the Salzburg road. Less than 3/* M. beiure the bridge is the entrance 
to the Sahach Ofen (p. 127), so that visitors to that gorge save 1 hr.'s walk 
if they proceed thither direct fruni h.M-e. — Ascent of the Si-lnntrze. Hcvij from 
Schefian, see p. 128. 

29. From Salzburg to Zell am See and Saalfelden 

(WdrgI,, Imisbruckj. 

Austrian State Railway. To Saalfelden. 70 M. in 2'/2-3V2 hr.'^. (10 K. SO, 
6 K. 60, 4 K. 2 J /»., express 14 A'. 20, 8 K. 70, 5 K. 50 h). Dining-car (D. 3 K. 
60 y>.) by the midday- express. — To Zell am See, 62 M. in 2'/4-3V4 hrs. 
(10 K, H /T. 10, 3 K. 90 h., expre.^.s 11 K. lO, 7 K. 30, 4 A'. 60 h.). 

From Salzburg to (18 M.) Golling -Abtenau, see pp. 126-126. 
The railway traverses the broad valley towards the S., passing on 
the right the entrance to the Bliintau-Tal (p. 106) and on the left 
that of the Lnmmer-Tal (see above). It crosses the Lammer and 
the Salzach, passes through a tunnel (1000 yds. long) piercing the 
Ofenauer Berg^ a spur of the Hagen-Gebirge, and again crosses the 
Salzach by an iron bridge of 105 yds. span, beyond which it enters 
the *Pa88 Lueg fp. 127). 24 M. Sulzau (1665'; Struber Restau- 
rant). — 26V2 ^1- Concord ia-Hiltte (1705'; Rainer), the station for 
the iron-works of that name on the left bank, at the entrance to the 

In the Bliihnbach'Tal, a favourite haunt of the chamois, a fine new 
road leads through the picturesque gorge, between the Imlau-Gebirge on 
the left and the Hagen-Gebirge on the right, and past the (2 hrs.) Shooting 
Lodge of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (2685'; no accommodation). From the 
(I'/z hr.) head of the y&\\e.Y {Tennboden, 4225') fatiguing passes lead to the 
W. across the Bluhnbach , Tori (7015') or the Mauer - Scharte (7155') to the 
(7-8 hrs.) Obertee (p. 105); another to the S., over the Tor-Scharte (7490'), to 
rr hrs.) Hintertal. in the upper Urslau-Tal^ and thence either to the right 
to (3 hrs.) Saalfelden (p. 160), or to the left by the Filzen-Sattel (p. 161) 
to Dienten and (5V2 hrs.) Lend (p. 167). 

The line follows the right bank and crosses several torrents. On 
the left risers the abrupt Tennen-Gebirge, with the Raucheck. To 

154 H.I!ontei^9. RISCnOFSTIOFEN. From SatzhUrg 

the right, farther on, romantically percheb on a rock 345' above the 
Salzach. is the ancient castle of Hohenwerfen (2075'), built in 107Hj 
restored in the Ifith cent,, and now the property of Archduke Eugene 
(visitors admitted ). — '281/2 M. Werfen ( 1 720'). The village (*H6t.- 
Pens. Post; Loxce; Hirsch; Aupuldl; Zum Tiroler; Adler; Rossi), 
with 725 inhab., lies on the opposite bank, at the foot of the Ueber- 
gossene Alp (see below), and is frequented as a summer-resort. 

The "Erzherzog Eugen-Klamm^ a gorge with picturesque waterfalls, 1 M. 
to the E. of the village, deserves a visit. — The Tennen-G^ebirge, the huge 
lauuntain-mass between the Salzach, Lammer, and Fritz valleys, 18 M. long 
and 12 M. broad, is best visited from this point. From Pfarr-Werfen (see 
bflow) we proceed to the E., passing the village of Werfen tceng (Eberharter), 
to (4 hrs.) the Werfener Hutte of the Austrian Tourist Club, on the Elmaver 
AV/7«m (6330'-, rfmts. in the ueighbouring Sennhiitte). The Hochthron (Ti&iy -, 
lV2-2hrs.; diliicult), the Hintere Fieberhorn (7805'; 11/2-2 hrs.), and the 
Rimcheck (7965'; 2V-.' hrs., with guide), the highest summit of the Tenuen- 
<lobirge, may be ascended hence via the dries- Scharte (7365'). From the 
Raucheck we may descend over rockv slopes, passing the Ilochpfeiler 
(7875'), the.ffoc/*4:op/(7475'), and the Tirolerkopf {imO ; all ascended without 
much trouble), to the Vordere Pitschenberg Alp (5600'), with a .shooting-box 
(no accommodation). Thence we descend the SteinertK SHege to the Pans 
Lveg and the (2V2 hrs.) Stegenwald Inn (p. 127). 

30 M. Pfarr-Werfen. The valley expands. The train crosses the 
Fritzbach (p. 572) and then the Salzach. 

33 M. Bischofshofen (1795'; *Rail. Restaurant (?- Hotel, 30 beds 
at 2-4 K.; Neue Post, 15 beds at 1.60-2.40 /if., plain but good; 
Bocklinger; Alte Post, 20 beds at 1-2 K.), an old village with 2000 
inbab. and three churches, is the junction for the Ennstal Railway 
( li. 96). The (1/4 hr.) Fall of the Gainfeldbach (167 ft. high) is worth 

The ascent of the 'Hochkftnig (9640' •, 9-10 hrs.) presents no difficulty 
to experts (guide 18. from Mitterberg 10 K. ; Felix Reich, Joh. Bachler, Mat- 
thias Jutig/rau and Ewald Oranegger of Bischofshofen , Rupert Deutinger 
and Jos. Hutteger of Miihlbach, or one of the Miihlbach miners-, apply to 
the managerj. A road leads through the narrow Miihlbach-Tal to (7V2 M.) 
Miihlbach (2800" ; "Oberwirt), and then ascends, passing some copper-mines, 
to the (6 M.) Mitterberg Inn (4966'; a shorter way from Bischofshofen leads 
through the Oainfeld-Tal, 3V2 hrs. ; marked). The mines have been worked 
Irom time immemorial , and various prehistoric discoveries (stone and 
bronze tools, etc.) are exhibited in the house of the manager. Thence in 
•/2 hr. (marked path) to the Milter/eld Alp (5480'), then by the Oaisnase 
into the Ochsenkar, past the pinnacled Mandlwand (good echo) and the 
.striking Torsdule (85(X)'; beyond it, a cold spring) to the (3 hrs.) (lebergossene 
Alp, or Ewige Schnee (86350, a glacier about 2V2 31. long and IV4 M. broad, 
sloping gradually to the N. Lastly an ascent of 1 hr. over snow and finally 
over rocks to the summit, on which is the Kaiser- Jubildums-Haus of the 
Austrian Tourist Club (Inn, 9 beds and 23 mattresses). The 'Panorama is 
extensive and magnificent. — The descent via the Teufelsloch to (3'/2 hrfl.) 
Hintertal (see p. 161) is not very difficult for experts with steady heads, 
but a guide is necessary. The descent to the Erich-HiUte and to Dienlen is 
of a similar description (4 hrs., with guide; seep. 161). — The "Hochkeil 
(5835'; ascended from Mitterberg in 1 hr. ; guide not indispensable) com- 
mands an admirable view of the Tauern and (E.) the Dachstein. — Another 
easy and interesting ascent is that of the Dientner Schneeberg (6290'), 
from Miihlbach in 3 hrs. (guide 8 K.). 

The 'Hoch-Griindeck (5995') may be scaled in 3V2-4 hrs. from Bischofs- 
hofen by a marked path via Arzbevg (easier ascent from St. Johann, see 
|). 155, or from Hiittau, p. 572). 

) . ..^„ 


^-, 5?<'^r^- ■"-- y ^ 



to Saalfddm. ST. JOIIANN TM PONnAT\ //. Tioule ?f). IT)*) 

The line traverses the broad valley, on the left bank of the 
Salzach; tine retrospect of the bare and jagged peaks of the Tennen- 
Gebirge. 3o M. Ausserfelden (Abfalters Inn, with 'slag-baths'), with 
large rnpper-works, at the eiitranoe of the Mi'ihlbdch-Tal (p. 154). 

38V2 ^I- St. Johann im Pongau. — Hotels. Near tbe station : 
•PONGALER HoF, with garden, 40 beds at 180-3.50. pens. 6-8 A". ,• Brucken- 
wiBT, on the right bank of the river, Linde, both 4-5 luin. from the station, 
plain. — Above, in the village: 'ScniFFKE zdr Post, 40 beds ai 1.50-3, 
pens. b.oO-6K.; Lacksek, 30 beds from 1.30 A'.; Franz Prem (Nede Post) ; 
/UM Andr.all i GoLi>NES Kkelz, tbcsc five all good, mostly with garden.s; 
ScHWAiOEK, near the church, bed 120-2A'. ; Hirsch , moderate. — Feat 
Baths near the station. Weninger''» mineral baths and swimming-bath in 
he village. — Guide, Jos. Ande.xer. 

Si. Johann im Pongau (1845') is a large village (1340 inhab.) 
and frequented summer-resort, "^4 M. from the station, on the mou/i- 
tain-slope on the right bank of the Salzach. The road leads straight 
on from the bridge and then (1/4 M.) ascends to the left; a some- 
wKat shorter footpath diverges to the left immediately beyond the 
bridge. Above is a handsome church with two towers. Pretty view 
from the Rabenkanzel (^74 ^^0- 

Excursions. — To the -Liechtenstein-Klamm (on foot there and back 
3'/2hr9.-, one-horse carr. from Ihe station in i hr., there and back, includ- 
ing a stay of I'/j hr., 4 A. 40, two-hor.'^e carr. 7 A'. 20 h. ; omnibus via 
Plankenau to the entrance of the gorge, 1 A. 60 h.). The road diverges to 
the right >/* M. from the bridge, then crosses the Wagreiner Bach and skirts 
the hills to the village of ('2'/* 51.) Plankenau (plain inn), where it forks. 
The road straight on ascends the wooded valley of the Orossarler Ache, pass- 
ing the old foundry of Oberarl; the path to the left leads through wood, 
past Oberlechner't Inn and the Liechtemteinklomm Jnn, and then either directly 
or past the Inn zur SchSnen Aussic/it to the (V2 hr.) entrance of the Klamni, 
where tickets are procured at Schartmr t Rextaurant (adm. 60/*., closed iu 
winter; waterproof advisable 5 best light in the morning). The wild rocky 
gorge, through which the Ache descends in a series of cascades, ia one 
of the finest in the Eastern Alps. A visit takes 3/4 hr. there and back. The 
path, hewn in the rock in many places, is 970 yds. in length from the 
entrance of the gorge to the tunnel, and is perfectly safe, being a yard 
wide and provided with a railing. At the end of the first gorge is a huge 
cauldron with rocky sides, 330* high. The path winds round a project- 
ing cliff and enters the second "Qorge^ only three or four yards wide, and 
apparently closed overhead. The path crosses the Ache and leads through 
a tunnel , beyond which the best view of the gully is obtained, to a 
-Waterfall, 165' in height, at the end of the gorge (950 yds. from the en- 
trance). From this point the path (now unattractive) leads in V2 hr. to the 
'Bad', a ruinous hut where the warm springs which arise close by were 
formerly used by the inhabitants of this region. Hence a path ascends to 
the left to the Grossarl road and to (I hr.) the Inn zur Liechtentteinklamm- 
Hdhe. The other path proceeds straight on from the Bad and then ascends 
a steep wall of rock ("Sautersteig") to the Grossarl road, which is reached 
near the Stegenwacht (p. 156); thence to St. Johann, l>/4 hr. — A path 
to the W. of the entrance to the Klamm crosses the hill to (1 hr.) stat. 
Hchwarzach-at. Veil (p. 156). 

The 'Hoch-Griindeck (5995') may eaaily be ascended in 3-3V2 hrs. by a 
marked bridle-path, most of which is in shade (guide, unnecessary, 7 K. ; 
mule 14 iT.). Refreshments at the Schurzach-Bauer, Ihr. from St. Joliann. The 
summit (Hochgriindeck-Haut, Inn, with 18 beds and 6 mattresses, 10 min. 
below) aftbrds a splendid view of the entire chain of the Tauern, the Ueber- 
gossene Alp, the Hagen-Gebirge, the Tennen-Gebirge, the Dachstein, etc. We 
may .le'scend on the N.W. to (21/2 hrs.) Bischofshofen (p. 151), on tlie N.E. to 

156 //. /?.2.9.-Afoi)s,pp.754,i«i. SCrtWARZACtt. FromSatzhurg 

(2 hr?.) HUitau (p. 572), or on the S.E. to (2V2 lira.) Wagi'ein{,sce. below ). — 
The ascent of the Sonntagskogel (BOoT)'). from St. Johann via, the Wachelbevg 
Alp, in 3i/j-4 hr.s.. with guide, is easy and interesting also. Descent (marked 
path) via the Gra/eTibefg Alp (5580'^ acconnnudation) to Wagrein. 

The Grossarl-Tal (20 M. Ion-;), the eaaternraost of the valleys stretching 
down from the Hohc Tauern mountain-chain to the Salzach, is traversed 
by a road (diligence to Grossarl daily in 3 hrs., A K.) passing at a con- 
siderable elevation above the Liechtenstein-Klamm (pedestrians should go 
through the Klamm, see p. 153) to the (2 hrs.) Inn znr Liechtensteinklamm- 
flo/ie (well spoken of), near the defile of Stegenwacfit (3610'). Thence it 
descends steeply to the Ache and continues at first on the left and then 
on the right bank to (I'/e hr.) Orossarl (3020'; ^Alle Post, kept by Linsinger, 
18 B. at 1, pens. 3 A'. &)h.; A'enwirt), a, y\Uagewi\h 60S inha,bi\a,n\a. Fron\ 
Grossarl we may reach DorfGastein via the Arltdrl (5910') in 5 hrs. (guide 
8 A'.)-, Hof-Gastein in o'/a hrs. (guide 9 A.), via the Aigen Alp and the Rastetzen- 
Sc/iai-te (7110'): and Bad Gastein in 7-8 hrs. (guide 12 A.), via the Backer Alp 
and the *'Qaimkarkogel (p. 166), or via. the TofererScharte (0850' ^ guide 10 A'. ; 
ascent of the Gamskarkogel from the Scharfe, 1 hr.). — The road proceeds 
to (I'/zhr.) Eiittschlag (3345'; Lederer) and to (^\hT.) Kardeis (3325'; inn), 
at the entrance of the Kardeis Graben^ with deserted copper-mines (via the 
Kardeis Alp and the Tappenkar - Hiihe to the 2'appenkar - See, 3V2 hrs., see 
below). Thence via Aschau and past the mouth of the Kreh-Tal (see below) 
to the (IV* hr.) Seegut (3410'), a shooting-lodge on a small lake, where the 
road ends. We then ascend, to the left, through the Schoder-Tal to the 
(I'A hr.) Schuder Alp or Stockham Alp (4595'), belov? the small and marshy 
Schvder-See. Here the valley forks. An interesting path (red marks, but 
guide advisable, 11 A. from Iliittschlag) leads hence through the Knlmtal 
and over the Arl-Scharte (74o5') to the (4 hrs.) Samer-Hutle' in the Hinten- 
Malta -Tal, and thence to the right to the (l^.^ hr.) Osnabrucker Hiitte 
(p. 610), to the left to the (2 hrs.) Gmiinder HiUte [p. 609). — From Aschau 
via the Kreh Alp and the Mur-Tdrl (7425') to (6-7 hrs. ; guide 12 A.) Afoi-itzefi, 
see p. 573. 

A road (diligence 1 A. 40 h.) runs to the E. from St. Johann via (5V2 M.) 
Wagygin (2745'-, Neuwirt) to (13 M.) Alienmarkt (p. 571). — Immediately to 
the S. of Wagrein opens the Kleinarl-Tal, the westernmost valley of the 
Xiedere Tauern. This valley is traversed by a road leading past (I'/* hr.) 
Mitter-Kleinarl (3325'; inn) to the (IV4 hr.) Jdge.r-See, on which is a shooting- 
lodge of Baron Imhof. From the Schwabach Alp (3935'), ^/i hr. straight on, 
a bridle-path ascends steeply to the (i^/a hr.) Tappenkar Alp, on the N.W. 
side of the beautiful Tappenkar-See (5fiS0'), A fine panorama is obtained 
from the Tappenkar - Ifo/ie (65()0'; to Kardeis, see above). — From the 
Tappenkar Alp a marked path (guide desirable) crosses to the Ldngau. 
It ascends over grass to the Haslloch (6890'), or head of the pass, to the 
N. of the Klingspitze (7975'; ascent in 1 hr., recommended), and then de- 
scends abruptly to (1 hr.) the Kiinigs Alp (5415'), in the Rieding-Tal, and 
to (4 hrs.) Zederhaus (3985'), 3 hrs from St. Michael (p. 573). 

411/2 M- Schwarzach-St. Veit (1935'; Rail. Restaurant; *Lin- 
singer's Station Hotel, 45 beds at 1 K. 60 h.-A K.), the junction of 
the Tauern Railway to Gastein and Spittal (p. 165). 

About V* '1- from the station, on the left bank of the Salzach, lies 
the village of Schwarzach (-Hdt. Egger. with garden-restaurant, 35 beds 
at 1-3, pens. 6-9 A'.; Schwarzacher Hof. 40 beds at 1.20-3 A'., clean; 
Holzer't Inn), where the Protestant peasantry and miners held their last 
meeting in 1731, after which Leopold, Archbishop of Salzburg, issued a 
decree banishing no fewer than 22,151 'heretics'" from his dominions. The 
Egger inn, where the peasantry solemnly ratified their league by the 
ancient custom of dipping their fingers in salt, still contains the table at 
which the ceremony took place, with a rude painting representing the 
event. A book lying before one of the men contains the words : '■ Dilexerunt 
tenfbras magis quam lucem. Joan. c. 3, v. 19\ 

On the hill '/z hr. to the N.E. lies the village of St. Veit ('229r)': 

t'j iiua!f€(d€t^. LKM). Mups, pp. 154, 164. — I J. A'. '."J. 157 

Doppler; Neuwirt). — From Schwar^ach-St. Veit the LitcHTKNSiEiN-KLAMM 
is reached in 1 lir. by followiiii; the narrow road opposite the station, 
which descends along the right bank of the Salzach (red way-marks). 
After 10 min. we pass under the railway-line to the right and ascend, 
obtaining a fine retrospect higher up of Schwarzach and the chateau of 
Goldegg above it; 20 min. the farms of Weiding ; 5 min. Oberreith Farm, 
whence a beautiful path to the right leads through wood to (Vi hr.) the 
entrance of the fiiorge (p. 155). — From Schwarzach a road leads to (3 M.") 
Goldegg (2705'; Seehof Inn), with a small lake and an old chateau of Count 
Galen, containing an interesting room with coats-of-arms. The road then 
leads via the March or via Wengg (Neuwirt) to the Scheibling-See. and 
through the ravine of the Dientenbaeh. to (12 M.) Dienten (p. 161). Ascent 
of the Sochkonig, via the Erich-Hutte in 6 hra., see p. 154. — The 'Heukareck 
(6875'), ascended from Schwarzach via the Thurn Alp in 4 hrs., with guide 
(no diflicolty for adepts), commands a superb view. 

The train crosses the Salzach and follows its narrow valley, 
passing through a tunnel and several cuttings in the rock. It soon 
crosses the Salzach again and reaches (47 M.) Lend (2070'; Post; 
Turri ). 

Kear the aluminium-factory below the village ('/a M.) a fine waterfall, 
over '20y in height, now much injured by the factory, is formed by the 
Oatteiner Ache just before it joins the Salzach. The bridge below the fall 
forms the boundary between the Pongau and I'in/.gau. Pedestrians may 
make a pleasant excursion by the road through the magnificent Gasteiner 
Klamm to (l'/4 hr.) the station of Klammstein (p. 163). 

Above (SO'/o M.) Eschenau the line crosses the Salzach twice 
and then passes through a tunnel, 350 yds. long. 52 M. Rauris- 
Kitzloch. at the entrance of the Rauris-Tal (p. 175). 

•Kitzloch-Klamm, l'/4 hr. there and l>ack. We cross the Salzach to 
the Restaurant Lackuei\ and then the Rauriser Ache (adm. 40 A.), and ascend 
the right bank of the latter. At the (V4 hr.) beginning of the ravine the 
path crosses to the left bank and leads past a small stalactite grotto to 
the (8 min.) Kessel. into which the Ache is precipitated in four leaps from 
a height of 330 ft. We cross the bridge and ascend in zigzags and by 
wooden steps, passing two projecting platforms from which we obtain a 
good survey of the seething abyss. At the top we turn to the right and 
pass throngh three tunnels, one of which is 58 yds. long. The bridge 
beyond the long tunnel ('/4 hr. from the station) commands a striking view 
of the chasm, and of the Oedwandspitz in front (thence to the Landsteg 
V2 hr.. see p. 175). We now return to the upper end of the wooden steps. 
where we ascend to the right through two short tunnels, and then descend 
by a good path to the ('/z hr.) station of Rauris-Kitzloch. 

Immediately beyond Rauris-Kitzloch the train traverses a tunnel 
(295 yds.). — 53 M. Taxenbach (2330'). The village [2475'; Alte 
Post, Nctie Posty both good), with 480 inhab., lies 1 M. higher up, 
to the K. ; the castle, on a rock above the Salzach, is the seat of the 

The *Hund«tein (6945') may be ascended hence in 5 hrs. without diffi- 
culty (red way-marks; guide unneces.'^ary), via the LumTnerttein and Kuchel- 
kopf; on the top is the Sia>zer-Uaut of the Aus'rian Tourist Club (Inn, 
5 beds and 10 mattresses). Splendid view. Wrestling-matches take place 
here on Julv 2oth. Desceut tu the S. to (21/2 hrs.) Gritx (see below) or 
(3 hrs.) Bruck-Futch (p. 158), to the W. to (2'/2 hrs.) Thumer$bach (p. 15?). 
or to the N. to (2'/2 hrs.) Aim (p. 161). 

The valley now expands. To the right, on a hill near (56 M.) 
firies (Gmachl; marked path to the top of the Hundslein, 3^/2 hrs., 
sec above), is the pilffrimairc-fliTirfli of St. Geor 'J en {2110'), On 

158 //. U.'J'J.— Mai>,i>.I64. ZKLI. AM SEK. From t>alzOur>j 

the left riso the Drci Briider (see below) ;m(i the ice-clad Horhtcnn 
(p. 178). The train crosses the Salzach and the Vuscher Ache. 

f)8l/2 M- Bruck-FuBch (2485'; Hotel Kronprinz von Ofterreich, 
at the station, 40 beds at 2 A'. 40 /(. ; Hotel Lukashanul, 50 beds at 
1/20-2.50, pens. 6-7 K., GmacfU , 40 beds at 1.40-2.40 A'., both 
in the village of Bruck, good), a village with 410 inhab., lies opposite 
the entrance to the Fuscher Tal (see p. 178). To the N.W. ('/4 hr.") 
rises Schloss Fischhornli 1th cent.), the property of Prince Liechten- 
stein, tastefully restored by Fr. Schmidt of Vienna (not accessible 
without special permission). 

Excursions from Brtick (guide. Peter Stockl). The Honigkogel or 
Konigkogel (60^5'), an attractive ascent, is accomplished easily by a marked 
path in 3 hrs. — The 'Hundstein (6945') {■< ascended by a marked path 
past the Honigkogel in 41/2 hrs. (see p. 157). — The ascent of the Drei 
Briider {Stohkopf 7175', Breiikopf 7165'. Avchenkopf 7405'), by a marked 
path from Ones station (p. 157) via the Fiirstau Alp, is attractive also 
(4-4V2 hrs. ; guide not indispensable for experts). — The Imbachhorn (8110'; 
hrs.; with guide) is ascended without difficulty by a marked path leading 
to the S.W. via the Rettenbachkogel and the WachWerg Alp (comp. p. 176). 

The train crosses the Salzach (view to the left farther on of the 
Uber-Pinzgau; to the S.W., the tine pyramid of the Kitzsteinhorn), 
traverses the Zeller Moos, which has been brought under cultivation, 
and reaches the Zeller See. 

62 M. Zell am See. — Hotels. Rohm's Ghand Hotel am Ske, o|>cn 
June Ist-Sept. 18th, 170 beds, R. 4-7, B. 1.10. board IK.; Hot. Kaiskbin 
Klisabeth, on the lake, opposite the sution, open end of Biay-Oct. 1st, 
I'^C) beds at 3.50-S A'.; Hot. Lkbzklter, with the di-pendance Hochfenti- 
h'lus, 80 beds at 3-4 A'.; Hot.-Pens. Austria, 90 beds at 2-4, pens. 8-10 A. ; 
I'lNZGADER HoK, near the station, 70 beds at 1.60 5, pens. 7-10 A'.; Kronk 
<fe Hot. Central, on the lake, 140 beds at 2-5 A'., gt)od ; Nele Post; 
AltePost; Metzger Schwaiger, with the de'pendance Villa SchmiUenhoh^.., 
76 beds at 1.60-3, B. 1 A'.; Geisteks Cafe-Kestaurant Seehok, on the 
lake, 32 beds at 1.60-3 A'.. Bodingbaik, GO beds at 1.60-5 K.; Hot. 
Elektra, 80 beds at 1.50-3.50, pens. 7-10 A'.,- Hot.-Pens. Skespitz, at the 
S.W. of the lake (p. 159), 30 beds at 2-3.50 A^.; Neuwirt, 70 beds at 1.60- 
3.50 A". ; Gbuner Bacm , well spoken of; Goldonkel's Hotel &, Caf^, on 
tlie Schmittenhohe road, plain. — Pensions. * Villa Olga, Zellerhof, Kauer, 
at each pens. 6-7 A'. Lodgings abound. — Confectioner, Jenny. — Visitors"' 
tax 20 A. per day. 

Guides. For ascents: Joh. Machreirh, Jos. Nusshaumei\ Jos. Andexer, 
Peter Miihlbauer ; for shorter expeditions: Joh. Buchner. — Enqviry Office 
\\\ the Hot. Lebzelter. — In the Parsonage is a small relief-map of the 
environs of Zell (1:25,000); adm. 8-6, 20 A. 

Zeff am 5ee (2470'), a market-town with 1600 inhab., beautifully 
situated on a peninsula on the \V. bank of the lake, is a favourite 
resort both in summer and in winter. During an insurrection in 
1526 the Zellers remained faithful to their archbishop, who as a reward 
granted them an annual pilgrimage to Salzburg, at the conclusion of 
which they were regaled at his expense. 

The *Zeller See (2460') is 2V2 -M. long, 1 M. broad, and 225' 
deep. The water is pleasant for bathing (three bath-houses ; tem- 
perature 68-75° Fahr. Two electric launches ply on the lake, 
making the round nine times a day in 1 hr. (1 A'. 20 //.1; from Zcll 

toSaoLffldcu. SCUiMllTElNHUHE. Map, i>.l64.— 11. H/JH. 15V) 

to l buinersbach hourly in the morning, half-hourly in the alttM- 
noon in 10 min. (fare 40, there and back 70 h.). Small boats may 
be hired (ferry to Thumersbach 1 pers. 40, *2 pers. 60, B pers. 70, 
4 pers. 80 h.; per hr. 80 /i., 1 A'. 12, 1 K. 40, 1 A'. 60 h.). The 
llnest *View is obtained from the middle of the lake: to the S. we 
obtain a striking survey of the Tauern (due S., between Fusch and 
Kaprun, are the Imbachhom and the Hochtenn, to the left of which 
are the Brennkogel and Schwarzkopf, to the right the Johannisberg, 
Grieskogel, Hohe Eiser . and, in the foreground, the beautiful 
Kltzstelnhorn with the Schmiedinger Kees); to the W., above Zell. 
extends the broad Schmittenhohe ; N. the Birnhorn group, the 
Steinerne Meer, anil, in the background, the three Miihlsturzhor- 
n'^r; E. the Hundstein. Evening-light most favourable. At the 
S.W. end of the lake the boats stop at Seeapifs (hotel). On the E. 
bank of the lake lie Thumersbach (*H6t. -Restaurant Bellevue. 
80 beds at 2-6, pens. 6-10 A'.,- Restaurant Lohninghof) and the 
station of Kitzsteinhorn- Restaurant (view), and on the N.W. bank is 
Seehdud ( restaurant). — Good view of the lake from the Wimm Inn. 
about 10 min. above the road to S<hmitten (see below), to tho left. 
A promen;ide leads alDn*; tbe banks of the lake to its S. end (Hoi. 
Seespitz, see above), and past tbe llirsch Inn to ISchlost Fischhoiit (p. l.OS) 
and Bruck; another leads to the N. through tbe Public Park, with a bu.«t 
of Kiemann, a prominent Alpinist, to the Villa Fvei/berff, next tbe Kal- 
rnrienberg . and on to Seehdutl (»ee above), whence there is a carriag<'- 
road to Thumersbach, via PrielaUy and a footpath via tbe Jnii am Rirlil 
to (1 hr. from Zell) Mais/io/en (p. 16U). — The lake and mountains arc 
illuminated on June 28rd and Aug. 17th (worth seeinj:). 

The *Schnuttenh6he (6455') is one of the best and most acces- 
sible points of view In the Austrian Alps (3-3 '/i hrs.; guide 5 A'., 
unnecessary, horse 12A'. ,• one -seat vehicle 12, there and back, 
with stop of 2 hrs. 16, including a night on the top 24 A'.,- light 
luggage iu*y ^e sent by post twice a day). The route leads to the 
W. from Zell through the Schmitten-Tal to (1/4 hr.) Schnitten 
(2745 ; Stadt Wien). Here we turn to the left and follow a some- 
what steep bridle-path, which ascends in windings, mostly through 
wood. In 20 min. we pass the Stefanie Spring and , a few min. 
higher up, a bench commanding a good view (to the left is the route 
to tbe Ebenbery Alp, a fine point of view 1/4 hr. distant, and to the 
Restaurant Wimm. see above). — 1 hr. Schweizerhaus Inn or Mitlel- 
Sl-dion (4490'; 7 beds at 1 K. 60 /».). — 3/^ hr. Inn zum Grosa- 
(Jlockner (5215'; fine view of tho Glockner group). We then mount 
the crest of the hill to the (IY4 hr.) broad summit (*i/asc/i/ce'.s 
Hotel, open all the year round, 90 beds, R. with one bed 2.50-5, 
with two beds in the new house 5-9 A'., in the old 3 K. 20 h.; post, 
telegraph, and tilephone office). On the summit stands also the 
Chapel of 8t. Elizabeth, built in 1904. — The superb panorama 
embraces to the S. the entire Tauern range; to the N. the Lime- 
stone Alps from the Kaiser-Gebirge to the Dachstein. (Comp. the 
aauexed Panorama.) 

160 11. H.JU.-Map.p.lbiJ SAALFELDEN. From Sahbunj 

The Finzgauer Spaziergang, a rcd-markcd path which at places i.<* 
rather indistinct, leads from the Schmitlenbdhe along the crest of the 
hill to the (9 hrs.) Gaisstcin (p. 232), and commands a series of splendid 
views of the Tauern. It is, however, somewhat monotonous and fatiguing. 
Provi>)ions and guide necessary (see p. 15S-, from Zell to the Gaisstein 
16 K.). From the Schmittenhdhe the path at first descends to the W. into 
a basin, then ascends, and follows the crest of the hill (about 5900'), via 
(he (5 hrs.) 5o/«meyior (6435'), to the (lV-2 br ) Murnauer Scharte {'oibb'). It 
then passes above the Biirgl-Hiltte (p. 186) and ascends the (2'/^ hrs.) 
Gaisstein (p. 232) from the S.E. side. The descent mav be made to (3 hrs.) 
Mittersill (p. 186), or by the Sintersbach Alp to (3 hrs.) Jochberg (p. 232). 

The *Hundatein (6945') may be ascended from Thumersbach by a 
marked bridle-path in 4 hrs. (guide 9 A"., not indispensable; horse 15-18 K.). 
The descent may be made to Brack, Gries, Taxenbach, Saalfelden, or 
Aim (pp. 157, 153, 161). 

From Zell am See to the Kapruner Tal, see p. 182; to Kvimml (Obcr- 
I'iiizgau)^ see p. 185. 

The train quits the lake near Schloss Prielau, now occupied by 
peasants (rfmts.). — 65 M. Maishofen (2515'; Post, 15 beds at 
1-1.50, pens. 3-4 AT. , well spoken of), at the mouth of the Glsmm- 
lalj from which the Saalach issues. 

The Saus'eigen (6280'-, 3-3i/2 hrs) and the Schwalbenwand (6590'; 3Va hrs.), 
two interesting ascents from Maishofen, command views like that from 
the SchmittenhiJhe. 

A road (diligence from Zell to Saalbach daily in 33/4 hrs.) runs through 
the monotonous Glemmtal, passing Viehhofen (Oberwirt), to (I2V2 M.) Saal- 
bach (3290'; Xeuhaus: Oberwirt; Unterwirt), a ski-ing resort in winter, 
and (18'/v; M.) Lengau (36S5'; inn), whence the 'Gaisstein (7765') may be 
easily ascended in 31/2-4 hrs. (comp. p. 232). A road, practicable for carts, 
runs" to the N, from Saalbach, via the Alte Schanze (43i)0'), to the S.W. 
of the Spielbergfiorn {QUO' -^ ascent of 2Vu hrs. \ia. the Spielberg-Tori), to 
(12 M.) Fieberbruitn (p. 233). 

The train crosses the Saalach and traverses the broad grassy 
valley of the Mitter - Pinzgnu. From (671/2 M.l Gerling (inn) a 
marked path leads in 3 hrs. to the Schwalbenwand (see above). 

70 M. Saalfelden (9440'; *Rail. Restaurant, bed 2 K.,- Dick's 
Hotel, 34 be^is at 1.30-2 Ti:., good). The village (*Neu€ Post, 
with garden, 60 beds at 1-2 K.; Post, 50 beds at 1-2^., well 
spoken of; Slocklwirt; Oberbrdu; Hirsch) , with 1800 inhab., is 
prettily situated on the Vrslauer Ache, V/^ M. to the E. of the rail- 
way (omn. in 10 min., 20 h), in the middle of a broad and sunny 
valley. Fine view from the cemetery: N.W. the Leoganger Stein- 
bergc, N. the Steinerne Meer, E. the Hochkonig (Uebergossene 
Alp), S. the Hochtenn, Kitzsteinhorn, etc. — About ^/^ hr. to the 
S. is d Bath Establishment {pca,t - \\a,tev) , with swimming-baths, 
restaurant, and rooms to let (20 beds, pens. 5 AT.). 

The Kiihbiihel (2815'), s/* hr. to the S. (pavilion at the top), commands 
an extensive view. — To the N.. at the base of the towering PersaUtom, 
stands the (1 hr.) castle of Lichtenberg (2990'), with line view. About 
10 min. higher up are a hermitage (rfmts.), hewn in the rock, and the 
Chapel of St. George, with a rock-hewn pulpit. A still liner view is 
commanded by the Steinalm (4105'), ^k hr. farther on (marked path). — 
From Saalfelden the Hundstein (694o'; see above) may be ascended in 
o'/z hr:?. (with iruide) by a marked path via the Unt>ii-berg (4820*) and t)|0 
Schontcieskopf (6J35'). 

to Saalfelden. LEOGANG. Map, p. 154.— I J. R. -29. 161 

The route from Saalfelden to the Steinerne Meer (comp. p. 1C9) is shorter 
bat steeper than that from the Konigs-See (guide necessary for those sub- 
ject to giddiness, to the Kimigs-See iSK.; Georg Fuchslechuer. Jos. Pfeffer). 
A marked path {'Kaiser- Jiibilaums-We^'j, entering the wood to the right 
at the customs-station, leads to the (2 hrs.) Fiirstenbrunnen. Thence a 
grand mountain-path, pmAided with rings and wire-rope, ascends to the 
(2 hrs.) Ramseider Scharte ((>S95), < n which is the Riemann-Haus ((3990'; 
•Inn, 26 i eds at B K. 60 h. and 26 mattresses at i A'.), in a magnificent 
situation (interesting fossils found in the neighbourhood). From this point 
the Sommerstein (T56o') is easily ascended in i 2 hr., and the * Breithorn 
(8190'; splendid view) in l'/^ hr! The ascent of the Schon/eldspitze {Hoch- 
ein/t, 8700'). '2-2*/2 hrs., is attractive for experienced mountaineer.', with 
guide. — From the Riemann-Haus across the Steinerne Meer to (3 hrs.) 
the Kdr linger- Ha" s and thence to the KoiUgs-See. see p. 109. — t>ther passe? 
(all toilsome; guide indispensable) from Saalfelden to the Kiinigs-See are 
the Weissbachl-Schavte (7365), between the Uollermaishorn and the Achsel- 
horn, the Buchauer Scharte (748o'). between the Selbhorn and the Schon- 
feldspitze, and the Diesbach- Scharte (ca. 6 65'), to the S.E. of the Kleine 
Hundstod (in each case 8-10 hrs. to the Funtensee). 

A road (one-horse carr. to Hintertal in 1^ 2 hr., 8 .ff.) ascends the 
Urslau-Tal to the E. to (3»/4 M.) Aim (SeiO"; Almerwirt; Bichlerwirt), 
where there is a pilgrimage-church, and whence the -Hundstein (69)5') 
may be ascended in 41/2 hrs. (cinp. pp. 157. 158, ICO), and the Selbhorn (8710'; 
highest summit of the Steinerne Meer) in tj hrs. with guide, cither via the 
hunting-lodge on the Pragttein (5925') and the Ltieg-Scharte, or (more diffi- 
cult-, for experts only) t>y the club-path (wire- rope) up the S. face. 
Guides, Joh. Herzog ten. and Jr.. at Aim. About li M. farther up the 
valley lies Hintertal (3315'; Botenwirt), at the foot of the Uebergossene 
Alp. Bad Hintertal., 3|^ m. farther on, is now ]>rivate property. The 
Hochkonig (9640') may be ascended hence in 6 hrs. by experts, with 
guide, via the Pirchl Alp (43(50') and through the impressive Schneekar, 
between the Lau?kopfe on the right and the Klammeck on the left, to 
the (2'/2 hrs.) little Be rtgen- Hiitte (6400'; rfmts.), and thence by the steep 
and trying 'Moo^hammer-Steig' through the Grosse Teufelsloch to the 
glacier of the Uebergossene Alp and to the (BVz hrs.) Kaiser- J ubilaums- 
Haus on the top (p. 154). — The Hochseiler (9125'), tLe N.W. summit of 
the Uebergossene Alp, is another ascent for experts only (5-G hrs., with 
guide): either by the 'Mooshammer-Steig\ as above, to the glacier and 
thence to the left to the top, or by a club-path, leading via the Tor-Scharte 
(see below) and then skirting the N. precipices of the Hochseiler to the 
right, and reaching the summit from the E. side. — From Hintertal a 
road leads across the FiUen-Sattel (4240') to Dienten (3515'; inn) and (12 31.) 
Schwarzach (p. 156). From Dienten to the Hochkonig via the Schonberg Alp 
(50S5'), with the Erich- Hiitte (14 mattresses), and through the Birgkar. 
6 hrs.. for experts, with guide, see p. 154. — To Muhlbach via the Dientner 
Alp (4430'), commanding a fine view of the Hochkonig. marked path in 
3 hrs. — From Hintertal across the Tor-Scharte (7490") to the Bluhnhach- 
Tal (to the shooting-lodge 7 hrs., with guide, fatiguing), see p. 153. 
From Saalfelden via Lo/er to Reichenh^ll., see R. 30. 
The train now turns to the N.W., crosses the Saalach, and ascend.s 
at the base of the Leogang Steinherge to (75 M.) Leogang (2755'; 
iiin), the last station in the province of Salzburg. About '^/^ M. to 
the N. is Bad Leogang (2820'; unpretending); below the line, about 
IV2 M. to the S.E., lies the village (2580'; Kirchenwirt). 

The 'Birnhorn (SGiO*), the highest point of the Leogang Steinherge, may 
be ascended from Bad Leogang in 5V2-6 hrs., with guide (Jot. Oberlader 
I and II of Leogang; laborious). The marked path leads through the 
Birnbach-Graben to the (3'/2 hrs.) Patsauer HGtte, finely situated on the 
Afiltag - Scharte (oG^; Inn. 6 beds at 2 £".). Thence a club-path (easier 
than the climb via the Melkerloch and the S. face) ascends the N. side 
Baedkkke's Eastera Alps. 12th Edit. 11 

162 //. /?. 30. — Map, p. 154. WEISSBACH. From Saalfelden 

to the (I1/4 hr.) Kuchlnieder (7955'; easy and attractive ascent hence of the 
Kuehlhorn, 8192', in 20 min.) and to the (3/4 hra.) summit (magnificent 
view). The descent (marked path) may be made from the Passauer Hiittc, 
via the Niedergruh Alp, to ('2-3 hrs.) Diesbach (see below). 

From Leogang via Hochfilzen (Tyrolese frontier) to (98 M.) Kitz- 
biihel and (120 M.) WbnjL, see R. 43. 

30. From Saalfelden to Keichenhall via Lofer. 

32 M. Diligence to (16 M.) Lofer twice daily in summer in 31/2 hrs. (3^.) •, 
from Lofer to (16 M.) Reichen/iall motor-diligence twice daily in IV2 hr. 
Cabkiage to Lofer, with one horse 12, with two horse's 20, incl. the Vorder- 
kaser-Klamm 16 and 24 K. ; to Reichenhall 24 and 44 JT. ; via the Hirschbichl 
to Berchtesgaden, one-horse carr. and trace-horse 48, two-horse carr, 
75 K. and driver's fee. 

Saalfelden (2440'), see p. 160. The road leads to the N. through 
the wide valley of the Saalach, in view of the Leoganger Steinberge 
on the left and tlie Steinerne Meer on the right, and with a fine 
retrospect of the Tauern to the S. After about 3 M. the valley con- 
tracts. The (47-2 M.) Brandlhauer is the only point in the valley from 
which the Gross-Glockner is visible (view-indicator). The road 
enters the Diesbacher Hohlwege, a ravine 6 M. in length, watered by 
the Saalach. To the right of the (6 M.) Dieshach-Muhle (2220') is a 
tine waterfall, to the left is the club-path to the (S'/^ hrs.) Passauer 
niitte (p. 161). — 91/2 M. Frofmwies (Post, bed 1-S'K.). — 10 M. 
Oher-Weissbach, or Weissbach bei Lofer (2140'; *AuvogL bed 1 K. 
20 h.-2 A'.), where the road for Berchiesgaden over the Hirschbichl 
diverges to the right (*Seisenberg-Klamm, see p. 112). 

The road crosses to the left bank of the Saalach. To the left, 1/4 ^r. 
farther on, is the entrance to the Lamprechts-Ofenloch. 

The 'Lamprechts-Ofenloch Caverns, made accessible by the Passau 
Alpine Club and lighted by electricity, are well worth a visit (open all 
the year round ; adm. IV2 K.). A path, alternating with steps, leads to 
the waterfall in the 'Johaun-Sleiner-Halle', 385 yds. from the entrance and 
170' The fine chambers and curious rock and other formations 
due to ercsion are interesting. 

In another 1/2 ^^- we reach the mouth of the Schiittach-Graben 
on the left. 

About 21/4 M. up the Schiittach-Graben is the *Vorderkaser-Klamm, au 
impcsing goriic V* M. long, between frequently overhanging clifis, 195-23U' 
in height, which are often only 2 ft. apart and hold suspended boulders 
wedged between them at the top. In 1881 the gorge was made accessible 
by the construction of numerous bridges and steps. A road runs as far 
as the Vorderkater Jnn, where tickets of admission (40 A.) are sold, and 
whence we ascend in 'A hr. on foot to the entrance to the gorge, an inspection 
of which takes ^/i-l hr. (umbrella or waterproof desirable). — Frum the 
Vorderkaser-Klamm to Hochfilzen (p 233) a marked path leads via the 
Dalten Alp, E&mer-Sattel {imb"), Schiittach Alp and Willeck Alp in 31/2 hrs. — 
To St. Ulrich on the Pillersee (p. 227 5 7 hrs) a red-marked path leads through 
the romantic Rottchtitt- Graben (steep ascent) to the Schieder Alp (49tO'), 
magniQcently situated on the ridge forming the boundary between Salzburg 
and Tyrol, and descends thence to the Niederkater and through the romantic 
Schmidt- Qraben to the chalets of Weiileiten and to St. Ulrich. 

to Reichenhall. LOFER. Maps,pp.l54, 124. — II.E.30. 163 

The roail goes on through the Pass Luftenatein (inn), which was 
formerly fortified, to (14 M.) St. Martin (*Post ; Steiner), where the 
route via Wildental to the Kleine Hirschbichl (p, 112) diverges to 
the right. We proceed via tlie Hochmoos (see below) to — 

16 M. Lofer. - Hotels. -Post, CO beds at 1.40-2 5"., «Bral, 
50 beds at 2-3 K., 'Zdm Schweizek, with bath-house, 30 beds at 1.20- 
3 jr., pens. 5-7 K., all three with gardens; Metzgekwht; Steinerwirt; 
BoTENWiKT. — One-horse carriage from Lofer to Unken 5, two-horse 9 £^ ; 
to Frohnwies 4 or 8 JST. ; to Saalfelden 13 or 25 K. ; to Waidring 4 A'. 60 
or 8 A'. liO A.; to St. Ulrich on the Pillersee 6 or 10 A'.; to St. Johann in Tirol 
13 or 25J5r.; to Berchfesgaden 36 cr 64 .ff. ; one-horse carr. from Lofer to 
Reichenhall 12, phaeton 20, landau '2i K. 

Lo/er (2095'; 510 inliab.), a frequented summer- resort, lies 
amidst striking environs. On the E. is the Reiteralpe^ to the S.W. 
the Loferer Steinberge (splendid view from the Kalvarienberg^ ^4 ^^• 
to the W.). 

Excursions (marked club-paths ; guide.*, Oeorg Sock,, Jos. Ensmarm). 
Beautiful walk to the (2omin.) Exenbach-iluelle (Lofever Briindl), a spring to 
the S. of the Waidring road, at the entrance to the -Loferer Hochtal, a 
grand rocky valley enclosed by the Loftrei- Steinberge (Br-ithorn. Hinter- 
horn, Reifhorn. Ochscnh" rn) of whii-li a full view is obtiined 1/2^4 ^I- "ip 
the valley. Fmm the Exeabach-*^uelle the green-marked 'Salzbnrger-VVeg' 
leads to" the left across the WecJuel (3611)*) to (IV4 hr.) Kirctiental (see 
below), while another marked path (blue and wliite) returns via the 
Karolinen- Uohe to (V2 hr.) Lofer. — Other pleasant walks may be taken 
to the S. aling the Saalfelden road to the (25 miu.) Uochmooi^ (inn), with 
peat baths, and thence to the right by the 'Tiroler Steig" 10 (•'A hr.) the 
pilgriuiageresort of Kirchental (2810'; inn). — To (U/a hr.) Wildental^ on 
the right bank of the Saalach, on the path to the Kleine Hirschbichl (p. 112). 

— To the N.E. via the TfU/tUtteg to the shady Baierau Park and {^/t hr.) 
the village of Au (Cafe Ennsmann), with fine view, returning by the Auer 
bridge (see below) and on the left bank of the .^aalach. About IV2 hr. 
from Au is the pretty Mairberg Klamm (marked path along the Auer Bach). 

— By the Tyrol road (see p. 227) or by the Auj;usten- Promenade to the 
(20 min.) Hinterhorn Inn., at the entrance of the P;:ss Strub (p. 227). — 
The Loferer Alpe (4195': rfmt^. at the MadL'^a.ier. in the 'Obertrett") is 
another fine point, reached by a marked path (red and white) in 2V2-3 hrs. 
(guide, not indispensable, 6 A'. 1. Fine views irom the Schonbic/il (5340'; 
1/2 hr.), the Sc/iwarzeck ^Ganiskvpf, 5140'; V2 hr.), and the ' Gruhhorndl 
(5740'; 1 hr.). From the Loferer Alpe via Mitter/ufstal to the Schwavzberg- 
Klamm 2'/2 his.; via Mitterfusstal and the Kaminerkohr Alp to Waidring 
3 hrs. (comp. p. 164). — Ascent of the •Hinterhorn or Mitterhorn (8220'), 
not difficult for adepts (6 hrs^ with guide, 9 K.). A marked path ascends 
through the Lf.ferer-Tal past the (2 hrs.) Steinbenjalm-Hutte (4190'; closed) 
to the (2 hrs.) Schmidt- Zabierow-Hiitte (65SO': Inn, 5 beds and U 
mattresses; guide, Simon Widmoser)., in the Crosse We/<rgrube, and by the 
Waidringer xMeder, between the Hinterhorn on the left and the Breithorn 
(7920'; ascended in '2 hr.) on the right, to the (2 hrs.) summit (imposing 
prospect). From the Waidringer Nieder we may descend by the 'Gries- 
bacher Steig' (marked path, but guide necessary) to (3 hrs.) Waid- 
ring (p. 227). — The Ochsenhorn (8240'). ascended from the Schmidt- 
Zabierow-Hiitte through the Kleine Wehrgrube in 3 hrs., and the Kreuz- 
Reifhorn (7975'; 3-3V2 hrs.) are both difficult; still more difficult is the 
Grosse Reifhorn (8195*), scaled from the Kreuz-Reifhorn via the S. arete 
in 3/4 hr. 

The Reichenhall road descends along the left bank of the Saal- 
ach, passing (IV2 ^1-) Maurach (to the right a road leads across the 
Saalach to Au, see above), and HaUenstein ( init 1. Leaving (cJi/s M.) 


164: 11. IL30. — Map,p.l24. UNKEN. 

Reit on the right bank (to the Traunsteiner Hiitte, see below), we 
then pass through the Knie Pass^ cross the Unkenbach near (5 M.) 
Oberrain (*Pens. Oberraiu, 40 beds, pens. 4.50-6 Jf.\ a prettily 
situated watering-place, and reach — 

51/2 M. Unken ^1810'; *Post, 36 beds at 1.40-1.80 A". ; Zum 
Kramer; Kaltenbach; yisitors' tax, for a stay of some time, 1, 2, or 
5 K.), a favourite summer-resort. 

Excursions (marked paths; guide, Sebastian Wimmer). Attractive ex- 
cursion to the ('i'/z hrs.) *Schwarzberg-Klamin (guide, needless, 3, horse 
9^.)- A bridle-path (rather dull as tar as the Kngstiibl) ascends the 
Unken-Tal to the W. from Unken or Oberrain to (3/4 hr.) a forester's house 
(guide-postj. From (10 min.) the Friedl (inn) we ascend to the left for 

min. ; V2 hr. bridge over the Unkenbach or Schwarzbach (small water- 
fall to the left). We almost immediately traverse the Eibl-Klamm ; then 
pass a workmen's hut (-Engstiibr ; generally closed), and reach the (1 hr.) 
entrance to the Klamm, or gorge of the Schwarzbach, which was rendered 
accessible in 1830. This gorge is especially remarkable for the spiral 
contortions of the huge rocky sides, 1(X3' in height, which nearly meet 
at places. At the entrance is an inscription from Propertius (placed 
there by Louis I. of Bavaria): 'Gutta cavat lapidem non vi sed saepe 
cadendo\ The gorge, V* M. long, is quitted at the upper end by flights 
of wooden steps leading to the gamekeeper's hut of Schwarzberg, where 
there is an excellent spring. — Thence over the Kammerkohr Alp (5405') 
to Waidring (p. 227) in 41/2 hrs. (guide 7 K.). By Mitferfusslal and the 
Loferer Alpe (p. 163) to Lo/er 4-5 hrs. (guide 6 A".). By the Winkehnoot 
Alp to Reit im Winkel V/2 hrs. (guide to the Alp desirable; see p. 94). 

The 'Staubfall (2V2 hrs. ; guide not indispensable) is a fine cascade, 
especially after rain. Same road as to the Schwarzberg-Klamm as far as 
P/i hr.) the forester's house, where we diverge to the right by the road 
into the Heutal. When the road divides, at the base of the Sonntagshom, 
we ascend the vallev to the left, passing (lV2hr.) the Schneider Alp (3160'), 
to Oh br.) the fall (655' in height). The path leads behind the fall. (Through 
the Fischbach-Tal to Seehaus and Ruhpoldifig , see p. 94.) These two excur- 
sions may be combined, but not without a guide (6 K.). 

Sonntagshorn (6435'; 4'/.r5 hrs.; guide, not indispensable for adepts, 
('. A'.) A marked path leads through the Heutal., where the road forks 
(see al)>VL') vve keep to the right to the Hochalm and the (3 hrs.) Sonntagt- 
horn-HuUe (5415'; Inn, 12 beds), whence we ascend to the (3/* hr.) Rosskar- 
Sattel (5415') and the {'^/i hr.) summit. Superb view. A shorter route 
(marked with red, hut guide desira!)le) leads from Melleck through the 
Steinlach-Tal to tlie (3'/2 hrs.) Rosskar-Battel and the (»/4 hr.) summit. 

To the Reiteralpe, an interesting excursion. Road from Unken through 
the to (3 M.) Reit (1785'), see above. We cross the Saalach and 
ascend the Donnersbach-Tal via the Alpa Alp (4020') and the Guggenblihl- 
Sattel ti> the (31/2 hr.s.) Traunsteiner Hiitte (5250'; Inn, 6 beds and 6 
mattresses), finely situated. Hence we may ascend the Weitscharlenkopf 
(6495*; IV* hr.). the Drei Briider (6105'; the Grosse Bruder to the W. in 

1 hr. easy, the Kleine and Mittlere Bruder very difficult), the H&uselhorn 
(7505'; 21/2 hrs.; marked path), the Wage/idrischelhorn (7385'; 3 hrs.), the 
Stadelhom (7500'; 3V2 hr.s.), etc. Descent from the Traunsteiner Hiitte to the 
N. over the Schreck- Sattel (52-0') to Jeltenberg (p. Ill); to the N.E. via 
the Griinanger Alp and Schwegel Alp to the SchwarzbnchwacM (p. Ill); to 
the S.E. via the Bijsehteig and the Haltgrube to the Hintertee (p. 111)-^ 

The road leads through the Steinpass, a rock-cutting, passes the 
Austrian custom-house, crosses the Steinbach (the Bavarian boun- 
daryj, and ascends in a wide curve (short-cuts for pedestrians) to 
(71/2 M.) Melleck (2015'; *Inn, with fine view), the seat of the 
Bavarian custom - house. Ascent of the Sonntagshorn, see above. 

HOF-GASTEIN. II. Route 31. 165 

The road now passes Ristfeicht, and descends the Bodenhuhl, to 
(10 M.) Schneizelreut (1670'; inn), in the wide valley of the 
Saalach. From this point we may proceed by the new road (better 
for carriages) to (12 M.~) Jeltenbery (p. Ill) and through the Saalach- 
TaA to (iG M.') Reicher)hall. Or (more interesting for walkers) we 
may follow the old road to the left, which rapidly ascends between 
the MuLlnerhorn on the right and the Ristfeichthorn (5130') on the 
left Chamois are frequently to be seen in the morning and evening 
on the Ristfeichthorn. Before we reach tht (3/4 hr.) pump-house 
of Ne^selgraben (2120'), on the top of the pass, the road to the 
Mauthausl (p. 99) diverges to the left. We descend past the Thum- 
see to (2 hrs.) — 

Reichenhall (1540'), see p. 95. 

31. Tauem Railway from Schwarzach-St. Veit via 
Oastein to Spittal in Carinthia. 

65 M. AcsTRiAN State WAir-WAr tu Bad Gastein in I'/^-lVohr. (t;irrs4 A'. 
70, 2 K. 9<», 1 K. 80 h. or 3 K 6\ 2 K.. \ K.^Oh.); to Spittol in 23/4-31,, hra. 
(fares 13 K. 10, 8 K. 10, 5 A'. 10 /»., or 10 A'., 6 K. 10, 3 K. SO h.). The Taucrn 
Railway is the most X. portion of the gv^At Alpine railway constructed in 
1901^ to form s direct connection between Sjilzburg and Trieste (comp. 
ttie Karawanken and Wochein Rnilways, R. 107). Munich-SalKlmrs-Villach- 
Trieate express in 12'/4 hrs., Berlin -Landshut-Miihldorf-Salzhui^- Trieste 
in 23 hrs. 

Schwarzach-St Veit (1935'), see p. 156. The Tauern Railway 
ascends (1 : 40) along the steep slopes overhan^ring the Salzach and 
the Salzburg and Worgl line-, soon affording a beautiful view of the 
valley and of the massive Hochkonig to the N. Tunnels, viaducts, 
and supporting-walls follow each other in rapid succession. Beyond 
(5V2 M. ) Loifarn (2370') the line turns to the S. and enters the 
Lower Klamm Tunnel (800 yds. long), in the imposing Gasteiner 
KLamm, in which the Gastein valley descends rapidly to the Salzach 
valley. The line crosses the Ache (glimpse into the ravine on the 
right) and ascends through the Upper Klamm Timne^ (813 yds.) to 
(8I/2 M.) Klamm^tein (2615' ), a station in the lower part of the ver- 
dant Gastein Valley. To the right rise the twin peaks of the Bern- 
kogel (p. 176). 12 M. Dorf-Gaste'n (2700'; Egger's Inn), whence 
the Bernkogel may be ascended in 5 hrs. 

15 M. Hof-6astein. — Railway Station, 2 M. to the N. of the town ; 
m. tor-diligence 7 times daily, 60 h. ; hotel omnibusf s 1 K. 

Hotels (with baths). 'Mo3EK zdm Goldxen (16th cent, house, 
vaulted on every floor), 60 beds at 3-5 A^.. B. 80 A., pens. 7-10 A". ; *H6t. 
rESTKAL, 80 beds at 2-i, pens. 6-12 A". ; Hot. Tckbi. 50 beds at2-4Jr.,- 
SAr.ZBDRGEK HoF , 70 beds at 2 6 K. ; Post, 40 beds at 1.40-4 K. ; Eisl 
zcM Boten. Hri beds at 1.10-3 A'. — Lod'_'in°:s with baths: Kvrha'is; 
YUla Ida, 30 beds at 6-b pens. 8-12 A.; M. Schmeller , 70 beds at 3-6, 
pens 8-12 K- ; Gutenbnmn, 30 beds ; Irnher<jer; Oesterreichitcher Uof, 50 bed.'^ ; 
Winkler, 33 1 eds, iicns 5-8 A" ; Edelweiss; Anna; Rainer ; Jo.«ef Moser; Villa 
Engel; Friedriehshurg ; Elisabethof. — Baths at the Zentral-Bad , in the 

166 II. R. 31— Map, p. 164. HOF-GASTEIN. Gastein 

hotels, and in many private homes. — Visi(or''s Tax., for a stay uf more than days, 3-24 K. (five classes). — Reading Rooms at the S. end and in the 
middle of the villay;e, in the Kaiser-Platz. 

Hof-Gaatein (2860'), the capital of the valley (1000 Inhab.), was 
in the 16th cent., when its mines still produced considerable quan- 
tities of gold and silver, the wealthiest place in this district next 
to Salzburg. It is now a quiet and inexpensive health-resort, to 
which thermal water is conducted, with little loss of heat, from the 
springs at Bad Gastein, by means of a conduit completed in 1906, 
A bust of Emp. Francis I. commemorates the construction of the 
first conduit in 1828. On the external walls of the Church and also 
to the left of the choir in the interior are tombstones of the Strasser, 
Weitmoser, Zott , and other families (16th cent.). Small Kur- 
Garten. On the slope of the W. hills, along which runs the railway, 
are several cafe's with fine views : to the N.W. (20 miu.) the Kalt- 
hrunnen-Miihle; a little higher, above the railway, Cafe- Restaur ant 
Tivoli; to the W. (25 min.) the Pyrkers Hbhe; and to the S.W. 
(25 min.) the Weltmoser-Schlosschen (built in 1545), with two round 
towers. On the E. side of the valley (20 min.) is the pretty fall of 
the Rastetzenbach. 

Excursions (gtiide. Felix Moises). S.E. to the (IV2 hr.) Planitzer Bauer., 
with view of the Sonnblick; N.W. to the (2V2 hrs.) Biber Alp, with fine 
view of the Ankogel group. — The 'Gamskarkogel(8090'; 41/2 hrs. 5 guide 10, 
to Bad-Gastein 11 K., not indispensable^ horse and attendant 25 K.) is 
easily ascended from Hof-Gastein. After an ascent of V2 ^r. we leave the 
chapel to the right, and a few paces beyond it take the less trodden path 
to the right, ascending through wood in the Rastetzen-Tal, to the (2 hrs.) 
Rasietzen Alp (5665'; rfmts.); thence to the summit (refuge- hut) 2 hrs. 
more. The snow-covered Ankogel, with the Hochalmspitze, and the moun- 
tains round the Nassfeld (Sonnblick and Hochnarr) are most conspicuous to 
the S.; to the W. the lofty double-peaked pyramid of the Gross-Glockner 
and the prominent Wiesbachhorn ; N. the Uebergossene Alp ; N.E. the 
Dachstein and the Hochgolling. Descent to Bad Gastein, see p. 170; to 
Grossarl, see p. 156. — The Tiirchlwand (8440'; 51/2 hrs. ; guide 12, with 
descent to Kucheben 16 K). ascended from Hof-Gastein by the Anger-Tal 
(see below) and the Bock/eld Alp, commands a splendid view (ascent fati- 
guing but repaying). — An easier ascent is that of the Silberpfennig 
(So20'), reached in 51/2 hrs. through the Anger-Tal (guide 11, to Bockstein 
16 A". ,- repaying; comp. p. 171). — Another easy and interesting ascent is 
that of the Haseck (6950'; guide 7 iT.), the top'of which is reached from 
Dorf Gastein in 4' 2-5 hrs. by a marked path via Grub and the Mairhofer Alp. 
— The Bernkogel (76i25'; guide ^K.) is ascended in 5 hrs. fnm Dorf Gastein 
(laliorious; comp. p. US). — To Grossarl over the .4r^<dr^ (guide 12 A') or 
the Rastetzen-Scharte (guide 16 K.), see p. 156. — 'To Bucheben through the 
Anger-Tal and over the Stanz (6 hrs. ; guide 16^), see p 176. — To Rauris 
over the Seeba'-h-Scftarie or Luggater Scharte (6545'), 6-7 hra, path marked 
witli rod, but guide advisable (14 K.). 

The railway now ascends more steeply to the upper part of the 
valley. 18 M. Hof-Gastein, Secondary Station (2290'^ Tivoli Inn, see 
above), 1 M. above the town (paths); fine view of the Gamskarkogel 
and, to the S.E., of the Kotschach-Tal, with the Ankogel and Tischler- 
kar Glacier. Farther on we cross several viaducts, including the 
iron Angertal Briicke (120 yds. long), spanninethe Anger-Tal, 272' 
above the foaming La/"enn-Bac/t. 2OY2M. An^crfai (3200'). Below, 

^I. » 

^4. ^'iSchxxcherv 

- OIL-^ -^ — 

'^/ diMiffTotsiTwhe 

1: 25000 

o loo aoo 30O «oo glO J 
iJ^Gl.' OtetschemriMen 

I A -Bocksteixt Bo,^igt^ "SpittalB 

Valley. BAD-GASTEIN. Map,p.l64. — II.R.31. 167 

on the left, at the end of the Kotschach-Tal (p. 169), lie the villages 
of KliUchach ^ni-Badbrack. Continuing to ascend the line now runs 
high above the Erzherzog-Johaiin Promenade (p. 168). 

25 M. Bad-Gastein. — The Railway Station (3ooo'; PI. A, B, 4) is 
.sitaated <in tbe upper ledge of the valley, beyond Gastein (p. 16'j), ^j\ M. 
fr>im the Straubinsier-Platz. Omn. of the first-mentioned hotels meet the 
train?, as long as thev still have rooms to let. Carr. with one horse 2 K. 40- 
3 ^. 60 /»., with two horses 3 K. bO-h K. 20 h. 

Hotels (season, May to end of Sept. ; it is advisable to engage rooms 
beforehand in June, and absolutely necessary in July and Aug. ; prices are 
considerably raised at the height' of the seasonl. 'Kaisekhof (PI. B, 3), 
on theE. slope of the valley, Kaiser-Promenade, 3/4 M. from the Straubinger- 
Platz, with an open view down the valley, of the verv first class, open 
May 1st Oct. 1st, 15') beds, R l.o-SO, B, 1.50, D. 6.5"., wiih the d^pendance 
Habsburoer Hof (PI C, 2, .3 ; see below ; 4u beds at 5-15 K.) ; 'Hot. Strau- 
BINGER (PI B,4). Straubinger Platz, 100 R. at 3-10, B. 1.40, D. b K., with 
the dependance •Austria (PI. a; 115 R. at 5-14 Z.); "Badeschloss (PI. b; 
B, 4), dating from 1T94. in the Straubinjier-Plaiz, a family hotel with 30 K. 
and restaurant -. 'Hot. Wkismatr (PI. f: B 4), beside the Kur-Casino, 65 R. 
at 3-10 iT.; 'Gb.-Hot. de l'Edrope {V\. B, 4), on the W. slope of the valley, 
comfortably fitted up, open May 15th-Sept. 15th, 150 beds at 8-12, B. IV2, 
D. from 4 k.. with the old Villa Solitude as a di'pendance. On the K. slope 
of the valley, below the 11. C. parish church: 'Gasteiner-Hof (PL B. 4), 
1(X) R. at 4-10 A"., with dependances and terrace (view of the lower waterfall) ; 
•HiRSCH (PI. B. 3), 55 R. at 4-8 A'. : •Germania (PI. g; B. 3), T5 beds. B. 
1.20, D. 31/2-0 A'., both in the Kaiser-Promenade, with view. Near the station -. 
Salzburceu Hof (PI. c : B, 4), 50 R. at 3-6, pens. 7-11 K.; Bellevie (PI. d; 
B, 4), 34 R. at 3-5 K. The hotels all have a restaurant in connectii n, and 
some have als > rather ciieaper wine-rooms and brasseries on the lower (loor, 
.Ml have thermal baths in the house (2-:i K). — Passing travellers vvill find 
plain but good accomm idation at the Krone (PI. k; B, 5). near the, 
ami at the, Todristenheim, 1* 2 M. from 'he town, on the road to Bocks ein. — 
Lodging Houses, with baths (B. is usually the only meal supplied). To 
the W. of the Straubinger-Platz : Elisabkthhof (PI. e; B. 4), opposite 
the Kur-Casino, R. 3-10 A". ,• Villa Meran ; Villa Victoria •, Villa Clara; 
Annen'heim; Angerer; Villa Hollandia. Below the Straubinger Platz : 
Villa Luise, Villa EIlla. On the E. slope, beside and beyond the R. C. 
parish church: Schwaigerhaus ; Grcber; Lainer; Moser; Irnberger; 
Imperial ; Villa Dr. Schideu; Muhlbekgek; Villa Dr. Wassixg •, Laura 
Windischbauer. Without baths: Waldheim; Villa Rieder; Villa Bbrg- 
FRiEDE; Edelweiss; Villa Gravenegg; Ah'Bnrose; Dectsch ; Moller; 
Villa Frohsixn. — Cafes and Confectioner's. ' Spon/elder (with 18 R.), 
beside the bridge adjiining the Kur-Casino, with a terrace; Gasteinerhof, 
see above; Habshurger /Tn/ (see above 1, in the Kaiser-Promenade, V2 hr. 
from the Straubinger-PIatz; Erzherzog Johann, see p. 16S. — Posl d- Tele- 
graph Office in the Straubinger- Platz. — Bank of Upper Avstria d- Salzburg 
(Sleeping Car Agency), opposite the Kur-Casino. — Vi.'<itor\ Tax. for a stay 
of live days Or upwards, 15-52 A', according to the class in which the visitor 
is ranked. The springs have belonged to the emperor since 18':'6. Baths 
(l'/2 3 K.) are given only by order of one of the doctors (from 4 a.m. on). — 
Band daily, 12-1 & f)-8, in the Straubinger-Platz or at the Wandelbahn ; 
also on the promenades in the morning or afternoon in line weather. — 
Illuminaiion of the Waterfalls by electric light on Tues., Thurs., & Sat., 

8 30-9.30 p.m., nfter Aug, 1st. — The Franz-Joseph-Stollen (to the E. of the 
Badeschloss), where the chief springs unite, is shown to visitors on Tues., 
Thnrs , & Sat., 3-4. 

Carriages. To Bockstein, there and back, one-horse carr. 6, two-hurse 

9 K.: to Hi>f-Gastein 8 or 12; to the Griiner Baum (p. 168) 8 or 12 K. 

Guides. Peter Kogler, Joh. Schweiger, Joh. Klausner, L. Mayer. Joh. Weinig 
I and //, Adam Waggerl, and Ed. Unterganschnigg. at Bad Gastein ; Paul 
Giigganig and Ballh. and Leopold Mayer at Bockstein). 

16S IJ. h\:il.— Map,p,16]i. HAD-GASTEIN. Uastein 

75ad-6'a.'«€m (3250-3430'; 800 inhab.i 8-9000 visitors annually) 
is picturesquely situated at the upper end of the Gastein Valley, on 
both sides of the Ache, the more important part lying to the E,, at the 
base of the Graukogl, and the smaller part to the W., at the foot of 
the Stubner Kogel. Since the opening of the railway the latter half 
has been growing rapidly. In the middle of the village the Ache is 
precipitated through narrow gorges, forming two magnificent Water- 
falls, the upper 207', the lower 280' high. The warm springs (113- 
1'20" Fahr.), known since the middle ages, attained their modern 
celebrity owing to the annual visits of the late Emperor William I. 
(in 1863-87). Their efficacy in cases of debility, nervous affections, 
gout, and rheumatism is now ascribed to the radium which the water 
was discovered to contain in 1898. The climate is fresh (mean 
temperature in summer 57.4° Fahr.; May 51°; Sept. 52°) and brac- 
ing, but at the same time damp and subject to frequent showers. 
The rallying-points of visitors are the small Straubinger- Platz 
(PI. B, 4) to the E. and the Wandelbahn (a long glazed gallery, used 
as a promenade in wet weather), with the Kur-Casino, to the W. of 
the bridge at the upper waterfall (good view of the fall from the 
bridge). On the E. side of the valley are the Roman Catholic Parish 
Church, completed in 1875, and, farther on, the old church of 
St. Nicholas (PI. B, 3), of the end of the 14th century. A good view 
of the lower fall is obtained from a lookout behind the Parish Church, 
between Moser's and the Gasteiner Hof. The highroad and the 
Bahnhof-Strasse fromHof-Gastein end on the W. slope of the valley, 
where, between the huge Hot. de I'Europe and the Pension Viktoria, 
the small Protestant Church (1873) is visible. The carriage-road to 
Bocksteiu (p. 169) continues to ascend the wooded slope above the 
Elisabethhof; the road into the Kotschach-Tal (see below) diverges 
to the left from it and crosses the Hohe Br'ucke (PI. B, 4), During 
the excavations necessitated by the railway several old glacier mills 
(PI. Gl.; A, 2, 3, B, 5) where discovered on the Bahnhof-Strasse 
and the Bocksteiu road. 

Bad - Gastein is surrounded by pleasant walks provided with 
numerous benches. On thb W. Sidb of the Vallby. To the right, 
below the road, are the Schwarzenberg Grounds (PI. B, 3, 4) ; farther 
on, to the left, above the road, is the Erzherzog-Johann, Promenade, 
beginning at the Erzherzog Johann Cafe' (lodgings) and ending at the 
Cafe Oswald (PI. A, 1 ; 1/2 hr.). — On the E. Sipe of the Valley 
the Kaiser- Wilhelm Promenade (PI. B, C, 3, 2) extends from the 
Hirsch Hotel into the Kotschach-Tal ; beyond the Kaiserhof is a mon- 
ument to Emp. William I. To the right of the Kaiser-Promenade a 
path ascends to the Srhwnrze Lienel Cafe- Restaur ant (PI. C, 3 ; V2 ^r. 
from the Straubinger-Platz); on the left is a path descending to tlie 
Koniy Carol- Promenade (PI. C, 2), passin^r the falls of the Kotschach 
( across the bridge to the Cafe' Gamskar, see p. 169). in the Kotschach- 
Tal, •y4-l hr. from tlie Straubinger-Platz, is the Griine Baum, a 

VaUey. BAD-GASTEIN. Map,p.l64. — II.Ii.3l. 169 

frequented cafe-restaurant and garden, with a view up the valley as 
far as the Kessel Glacier (see helow ). At the entrance to the Konig 
Carol-Promenade a guide-post indicates the way down to the bridge 
over the main fall of the Kotschach-Bach : crossing the bridge and 
ascending to the left we reach the (^V4^^- J Cafe -Restaurant Gamskar 
(PI. B, C, 1; 3370'), a conspicuous new building with a terrace and 
the finest view of Bad-Gastein (rooms also, pens. 8-10 A".). The old 
Lut/i«r/»o/' (properly Lodingerhof), a few steps farther on, belongs 
to the same proprietor. 

In the Uppbk Part of the Vai^lby (260' above Gastein), or 
basin of Boekstein, enclosed on the W. by the Hirschkarkopf, on 
the E. by theHohe Stuhl, and on the S. by the Radhansberg, the 
Kaiaerin-Elisaheth Promenade (PI. A, 6; nearest approach from the 
Bahnhof-Strasse, by passing under the railway to the right, a 
little short of the station) follows the left bank of the Ache to 
Boekstein (IV4 tir. ; p. 170), passing a rock with a bronze medal- 
lion of the Empress Elisabeth. Beyond the road to the Hohe Briicke 
the highroad (p. 168) passes the Echo lodging-house and then 
beneath an overhaiiging rock (right) which resounds from the roar 
of the waterfall. To the right, farther on, is a path to the Pyrkers 
Hohe (PI. B, 4; 3710'; view; descent to the station). The highroad 
forks ; the right branch leads to the station (road to the left under the 
railway to the Elisabeth-Promenade), while the left branch crosses 
the Ache, passes under the railway, and beyond the Tourhtenheim 
(p. 167; 3565') and fl^jrscWiar hotels reaches (1 hr.) Boekstein (p. 170). 

Between the Straubinger-PIatz and the Schwaigerhaus footpaths 
ascend the slope to the road to the Hohe Briicke and the Kotschach- 
Tal ( p. 168). About 2 min. short of the bridge a guide-post in- 
dicates a steep path ascendiiis to the right to the (8/4 hr. I Windisch- 
yratz-Hohe (PI. B, C, 5; 4120'), whence we have a fine view across 
the Boekstein valley to the Tauern, and to the N. across the Gastein 
Valley to the Hochkonig. An easier but longer route ascends from the 
highroad to Boekstein (to the left after crossing the Ache and before 
passing under the railway). From the Windischgratz-Hohe we may 
proceed along the path to the Palfuer Alp (p. 170) to (I/2 ^f- ) a 
clearing, whence we have an uninterrupted view of the Nassfeld. 

Excursions. — From the Griiner Baum Restaurant in the Kotschach- 
Tal a path ascends through wood, passing the precipitous Himmelwatid. 
to the left, on the other side of the stream, to the (IV2 hr.) Prossau Alp 
(4250': restaurant). From a point 1 M. farther on (path to the right just 
short of the alp) we obtain a good view of the head of the valley, where 
several streams are precipitated in lofty falls. Beyond the Prossau Alp 
a club-path leads across the Kestel Alp (592.0'), the Kessel Glacier, and the 
Klein -Elend-Schavte (9015') to the Osnabriicker Hiitte in the Malta -Tal 
(p. 610; S'/a hra., toilsome, gaide necessary. 24 K.). — A finger-post 40 min. 
from the Griine Baum on the path to the Pmssau Alp indicates the route 
to the right across the Kotschach to the Reedsee (t3035'; 2^4 hr.s.; guide, 
not indispensable, P> K) . thenc*' over the Palfner-Scharte t<> the Palfner 
Alp, -ee p. i7f). — 1 he Tischlerkarkopf (98800 may he a-^cended from 
the Pmsaau Alp by the 'Biirensleig' (defective), the Titchlerkar Glacier, 
and Titchlerkar- 8charte in 7-S hrs. (difficult and fit for experts only, with 

110 U. R. 31.— Map, p. 164. BOCKSTEIN. Gastein 

guide, 20 A'.). The ascent of the Tiscfilerspifze (9835'), which ia equally 
difficult, may be combined with the former (2 hrs. more; guide 22K.\ 
comp. below and pp. 174. 611). 

The ' Gamskarkogel (8090'; comp. p. 165) is ascended from Bad-Gastein 
in 4'/2 hrs. (guide not indispensable, 10 Z^.). The club-path ascends steeply 
to the right before the CatV; clamskar is reached, and proceeds through 
wood to (IV2 hr.) the Egger Alp (53 tO'5 rfmts.), beyond which it is less 
.«<teep. — The Hiittenkogel (7340'), easily ascended by a marked path via the 
Reihiiben Alp in 3'/-.; hrs.. is a pleasant excursion (guide not indispensable, 
8 A'.). About 3/4 hr. more (41/4 hrs. from Gastein; guide 10 iT.) brings us 
to the Graukogel (S190'), which affords a view similar to that from the 
Gamskarkogel. The glaciers, however, are much nearer, and at its E. 
base lie the Reedsee and Palfner See. — The route into the Kotschach- 
Tal (S-9 hrs. ; guide 12 K.) proceeds from the Windischgratz-Hohe to the 
Palfner Alp (4790'; ^ji hr.) and then ascends steeply to ^he Palfner See 
(6790') and the Palfner Scharte (.7650'), between the Graukogel and Kreuz- 
kogel; descent to the Reedsee, etc., see p. 169. 

Fbom Bockstein (see below) a road runs through the Anlauf-Tal to 
(I/2 ^I-) the Restaurant Kummetz (with rooms). High above on the right is 
the Hiorkar Fall. An Alpine path, stonv at places, ascends farther on past 
(1 hr.) the Tauembach Fall to the (IVz'hr.) Upper Radeck Alp (5480'; rfmts. 
and haybeds), with a view of the Ankogel, Tischlerspitze, etc. The ascent 
of the Ankogel (10.705') may be made hence via the Radeck- Sch arte (9485') 
and the Kleine Ankoyel (10,160') in 5^/2-6 hrs., but is laborious (lor experts 
only; guide from Bockstein 18. with descent to the Osnabrucker Hiitfe 26, 
via the Hannover Haus to Mallnitz 20 K.); easier by railway to Mallnitz 
and theni-e by the Hannover-Haus (p. 174). — The Tischlerspitze (Fasch- 
nock , 9835'), ascended by the Grvbenkar - Scharte (9785') and the S.K. face 
in 51/2-6 hrs., is difficult and fit for experts only (guide from Bock- 
stein 22, with descent to the Osnabriicker Hiitte 30 K. ; comp. above and 
p. 174). — An easy and attractive path, preferable to that by the Mall- 
nitzer Tauern, leads over the Hohe or Korn Tauern to the Hannover Haus, 
in 8 hrs., or direct to 3Iallnitz (p. 172) in 71/2 hrs. from Bad-Gastein 
(guide from Bockstein 14 A"., unnecessary in fine weather for experts). 
Near the Tauembach Fall (see above) we cross the bridge to the right 
and ascend by a club-path (indicated bv stakes) to the Grosse Tauemtee 
(6970') and the Hohe Tauern, or Korn-Tauern (8105'; 41/2 hrs. from Bock- 
stein), whence a fine view is enjoyed. On both sides of the pass there 
are considerable remains of an ancient Roman or pre-Roraan road. We 
descend to the C'/2 hr.) picturesque Kleine Tuuerntee (7550'), below which 
the path forks, the branch to the left leading to the (IV2 hr.) Hannover- 
Haus (p. 174), that to the right descending to (2V2 hrs.) Mallnitz (p. 172). - 
From the Korn-Tauern we may proceed to the right, passing the Qriinecker- 
/See(75S5') and the Gamskarlspitze (S. ; p. 174) and crossing the Woisken Glacier, 
to the ^Voisken- Scharte (8030*), and descend to the Nassfeld-Haus (see p. 171; 
6-7 hrs. ; toilsome; guide 14 A".). 

The ascent of the Zitterauer Tisch (7905') from Bad-Gastein is attract- 
ive. The path leads to the W. via the Zitterauer Alp and through the 
Hirschkar (4 hrs.; guide SAT., not indispensable for experts). 

The Tauern railway crosses the Ache and ascends along the E. 
side of the valley to — 

Bockstein, where there are two stations.- 26V2 M. Secondary 
Station {yilQ' ■, Villa Waldfriede), nearest the vilFage, to which a 
footpath only descends ; 28 M. Main Station (3840'; Rail. Restau- 
rant), close to the Tauern Tunnel (p. 172j, for excursions into the 
Anlauf-Tal (see above). Bockstein consists of an E. part (Scholz's 
Cafe'-Restaurant zur Tauernbahn, with rooms), which has come 
into existence since the building of the railway and which is first 

Valley. NASSFELD. Map, p. 164. —11. K. 31 . 171 

reached by the highroad from Gastein , and of the old village 
(3700'; Hot. Kurhaus, with garden -restaurant, pens. 10 K.; Ed- 
linger, R. from 1 K. 60 /i., pens. 5-8 K., well spoken of), 3/^ M. to 
the W., at the foot of the Radhausberg^ which bounds the Bock- 
stein valley on the S., at the entrance to the Nassfeld valley. On 
the hill to the N. of the village , where the Kaiserin-Elisabeth 
Promenade (p. 169) ends, are a domed church of 1766 and a 
shooting-lodge (1883) of Count Czernin. In the village are the 
offices of the now unimportant gold-mines in the Radhansberg. 

The Nassfeld-Tal, through which flows the Ache, is ascended by 
a narrow road (to the Xassfeld 2 hrs.; small carriage there and back 12, 
two pers. 16 K.'). From a height 5 min. to the left of the Kurhaus 
a view of the Ankogel is obtained. Beyond (35 min.) the Straub- 
inger-Hutte I 4000') the road ascends through the Asten, a gorge in 
which the Ache forms a series of cascades. At the entrance is the 
*Kess€l Fall, at the end (1 hr.) the Daren Fall. Below the latter 
the stream which drains the Pochhard-See (see below) falls over a 
precipice 380' high, forming the graceful Schleier Fall ('veil-fall'). 
By the bridge, 10 min. farther on, the road enters the Nassfeld, 
a valley 21/4 M. in length, partly surrounded by snow -covered 
mountains (from left to right, the Geiselkopf, Murauerkopf, Sparan- 
gerkopf, Schlapperebenspitze with the Schlappereben Glacier, Strabe- 
lebenkopf, and the lofty, pyramidal Schareck; to the N.W. the Kolm- 
karspitzt rising over the Siglltz-Tal). About 8 min. from the bridge, 
just below the mouth of the Siglitz-Tal, stands the Erzherzogin- 
Marie-Valerie-Haus (5265'; *Inn, 20 beds at 4 K.). 

ExcL-KSioNs. The Herzog Ernst (9 '2.5'), a.ecended from tlie (23/4 hr.s.) 
Bifel-Scharl'^ (see below) by the Xennerkoyel-Grat (ia&rV.ed. pa.\h) in 13/4 hr., 
with !?nide, is easy aad liiteresliDg. — The 'Schareck fl0.2'75'i may be 
ascended either from the Valerit-Hau«, by the 'Neuwirt-Weg' across the 
N.E. arete, in 4' 2-0 hr.«. (for experts only; '^nide 14 A'.), or from tlie 
(41/2 hr-.) Herzog Ernst (see above) by the N.W. arete (wir.^ -ropns) in 
3/4 hr. (guide 18, via the Goldbert.' Glacier to the '^onnblick 24, to Heiligen- 
blut 32 A'.). Jla'^nificent panirama. Descent to Kolra-Saiga.'n or to the 
Duiiburoer Hiitte, see po. 176, 613. 

From the Nassfeld to Kulji-Saigdrn over the Pochhabd-Scharte, 
an attractive route of 4V2 hrs. (guide, desirable. 9 K.). From the Valerie- 
Hans we ascend at the entrance of the Siglitz-Tal to the right by a path 
indicated by red marks to (IV4 hr.) the Fochhard-See (6075'; shelter-hut). 
We then proceed past the (3/4 hr.) Ohere Pochhard-See (6760'), with deserted 
silver mmes, tu the ('A hr.) Pochhard-Scharte (7.:i4ryj, between the .See- 
kopf (1.) and the Silberpfennig (r.), wlience a fine view is obtained of the 
Rauris 'glaciers and the Ankf)gel. [A more extensive view is obtained frcim 
the "Silberp/ennig (9175'), easily ascended from the pass in I1/2 hr. (guide 
not indispensable).] We descend (path well marked) by the Filzen Alp and 
the Durchgang Alp to (IV2 hr.) Kolm-Saigurn (p. 176). 

Over the Riffel-Scharte to Koi-m-Saigurs (5 hr.s. ; guide 12 K.) or 
TO THE SosNBLicK (7 hrs. ; guide 18 A'.), not difficult. From the (■/< hr.) 
Moser-Hiitle (535.5'; rfmfs.) in the Siglitz-Tal the path ascends rapidly to 
the (21^2 hrs.) Riffel-Scharte (7S90'), a magnificent point of view (club-path to 
the left to the Herzog Ernst and the Schareck, see above). We then descend 
t" the Jeft by the ^Verwaltersteig' f'maia^er's path) on the steep slope of 
the Riffelhdhe to the (l-l'A hr.) Neuhau (p. 176) and (»'<, hr.) Kolm-Saig"rn 
or to (3 hrs.) the Sonnblick (p. 177; guide from Gastein to Heiligenblat 26 K.) 

172 II. R.3l.-Map,p.l64. MALLNITZ. From Schxoarzack 

From Gastbin to Mallnitz ovkk the Mallnitzer Tadkbn, 5V» trs., a 
fair bridle-path -, guide not indispensable in line weather (from the Valerie- 
Haus 11 A'.; horse from Bockstein to the Tauernhaus, incl. fee, 15 K. 60 A., 
to Mallnitz 21 K. 60 A. ; the steep descent beyond the Tauernhaus is disa- 
greeable on horseback). From the Valerie-Haus to the Reck-Hutte at the S. 
end of the Nassfeld, 3/^ br. The bridle-path, indicated by stakes and not 
to be missed, winds up a steep slope (good spring at the top) and then 
ascends less steeply through the Eselkar (retrospect of the Hocharn and 
Pochhard-See) to the (272-3 hrs.) Mallnitzer or Niedere Tauern (7945'), a 
depression forming the boundary between Salzburg and Carinthia, on 
which are two finger-posts. A few hundred paces below the saddle stands 
the Mallnilzer Tauern/iaus (7610'), which is now being completely rebuilt 
and is to be renamed the Hagener Hiltle. From this point the *Geiselkop/ 
(9740') may be ascended in 2 hrs. (see p. 173). A club-path is being con- 
structed to the W. to the Feldsee-Scharle and the Duisburger Hiiite (p. 613), 
to the E. to the Hohe Tauern aud the Hannover Haus. — Farther dovvn a 
view is obtained to the S. as far as the Terglou, and to the W. as far as 
the Glockner, while the Mallnitz valley lies far below. The path passes 
(1 hr.) the Mannhart-Hiitte (6035'; p. 173; to the right, the Mallnitzer Weg 
to the Feldsee-Scharle and the Duisburger Hiitte, see p. 173) and near 
(10 min.) the Jamniger-HiiUe (5735') crosses to the right bank of the brook. 
It then descends, at first steeply, but afterwards more gradually through 
wood and meadows (after 1 hr. on the left bank of the stream), passing 
the mouth of the Seebach-Tal (fine view of the Ankogel to the left), to 
(V'j hr.) Mallnitz (see below). 

The 'Kreuzkogel (8815'), the highest peak of the R idhausberg, com- 
mands a majinificent panorama. It is ascended from Bockstein in 41/2 hrs. 
(guide 11 A") by a bridle-path diverging to the left from the road to the 
Nassfeld, 3 min. above Bockstein, which ascends rapidly to the (2 hrs.) 
KiKtppenhaus beside the gold-mine (6235'), 2V2 hrs. from the summit. Eich 
flora. Easier descent to the Nassfeld-Haus (p. 171-, guide 11 K.). 

The Railway now enters the Tauern Turvnel (9300 yds. long; 
cleared in 8-10 min.), by which we pa^s through the ridge of the 
Hohe Tauern, the S. boundary of Salzburg. On emerging from the 
tunnel (4000') we find ourselves in the Seebach-Tal, in the province 
of Carinthia. To the right we have a view of the Tauern-Tal, to 
the left of the Seebach-Tal with the Ankogel. 

3G M. Mallnitz (3865'), 3/^ M. from the village of that name 
(3910' at the church ; inns: Drei Gemsen, an old house, better rooms 
in the de'pendances, with baths and trout-breeding ponds ; .lifter's 
ALpen- Hotel ^' Touristenheim, bed 1.60-2 K., well spoken of; Hot. 
Ankogel; Hohemcarter's Inn ^ Cafe %u den Hohen Tauern; Elise 
Noistemig), which lies in pretty surroundings on the left bank of 
the Mallnitz- Bach, at the junction of the Tauern -Bach and the 
Seebach, and is frequented as a summer-resort (good fishing). 

Walks. The (10 min.) Heiligers Euhe, a moraine- deposit, and the 
belvedere on the Winkler palf en, '/* hr. to the S.W. of Mallnitz, on the 
right bank of the Tauern-Bach, command beautiful panoramas. — The 
(Vz hr.) Park am Wether (3945), a pretty natural park at the foot of the 
Lieskehle, may be reached by diverging to the right at the Drei Gemsen 
Hotel or by ascending along the left bank of the Tauern-Bach and turning 
to the right beyond the Villa Mojsisovics. — Crossing the Seebach (large 
guide-board at tbe bridge) and passing the houses of Stappitz we ascend 
along the left bank, pass under the "Tauern railway (just beyond a p;ith 
from the Park am Wciher), and then near the mouth of the tunnel cross 
the Seebach and follow the right bank, finally leaving the path to the 
Hannover-Huus (p. 174) on the left, to the (IV* hr.) Stappitzer Set (WvQf), 

to Spittal. MALLNITZ. Map, p. 164. —1I.R.31. 173 

whence we have a fine view of the Ankogel and Hochalinspit^e. Farther 
on we pass some waterfalls and reach the (V2 hr.) Lover and (V4 hrj 
Upper Lcusacher Alp (4405'), in splendid environs. — Up the Tauei-n Tal 
to the (2 hrs.) Mannhart - Hutte , see p. 172. — To the S.E. to the (4 hrs.) 
Ddssentr See, see below. 

Mountain Ascents (guides, Jot. and Joh. Offerer. Jak. and Joh. Rota- 
kopf, Ulr. Ladinig, Chr. Manhart, and Al. Stranig). The S^uleck (iOjlSO*; 
7-8 hrs. ; guide 14, with descent to Maltein 24 K.) is an interesting though 
fatiguing ascent. From Stappitz a marked path leads through the Dossever 
Tal (numerous chamois) to the (3V2 hrs.) Eggtr Alp (6503') and to the 
(^4 hr.) Arthur - von • Schmid- Hiitte on the picturesque DStsener See (7485'; 
Inn, 20 beds), and then to the left over rocks, debris, and snow (construc- 
tion of a path projected) to the S.E. arete and the (3-4 hrs.) summit. Or 
from the lake we may ascend to the right to the (iV* hr.) Dossener Scharte 
(see below), then turn to the left along the Groue Ooss t» the S.E. arete and 
the (1^/2 hr.) summit (line view). The direct descent into the Gos.^graben {p. QiO) 
should be attempted only by experts. — The Hochalmspitze (11,030) may 
be ascended in 41/2-5 hrs. from the (4 hr.s.) Arthur-Vdn-Schmid-Hiiite via 
the gap between the Grosse Goss and the Sauleck, and the Hohe Gdsskar, 
whence the W. Tripp Glacier is crossed (guide 18 £"., with descent to the 
Osnabriicker Hiitte or Villacher Hiitte 22 K.). The ascent from the Han- 
nover-Haus (p. 174) is le=:s laborious. — The Gamskarlspitze (93 0'; 5-6 hrs. ; 
guide 12, to Bockstein l'^ K) is laborious. We ascend the Tauern-Tal to 
the (I hr.) Stacker Alp (4215'), then ascend steeply through wood to the 
Passhuber Alp and Resmer Alp , and cross the scree-slopes of the Woisken 
and the Woisken Glacier to the (3 hrs.) Oamskarl-Scharte. Thence via the 
W. arete to the top, ^ « hr. The ascent from the Oriinecker See (p. 174) 
is more difficult. — The *Geiselkopf (9T40' ; 5-ti hrs.; guide UK.), not 
difficult, is ascended from the (2 hrs) Mannhart-Hiitte via the Feldsee- 
Scharte (see below) in 2V» brs , or from the Mallnitzer Tauernhaus (p. 172) 
in 2 hrs. The summit affords an imposing view of the Goldberg and Glock- 
ner groups on the W., and of the Ankogel group and the Hochalmspitze 
on the E. — The Lonzahbhe (7145'; 8-4 hrs.; guide 5, with descent to Ober- 
Vellach 7 K.) is best ascended by the club-path in the Tauern-Tal, diverg- 
ing to the left at a (20 min.) guide-post to the Hdusler Alp (6115') and 
crossing the broad ridge to the cairn on the top. The other ascents are 
steep and fatiguing. Kich flora. — The Afaresenspitze (d55(f ; 5-6 hra. ; 
guide 10 K.), Feldseekopf (936V; 472-5 hrs. ; 12 K.\ Boseck (9315'; 5-6 hrs. ; 
ICK".), and Lieskehlenspi'ze (7885'; 3 hrs.; 8 K.) may also be ascended from 
Mallnitz. — Over the Ddtsener Scharte to Maltein (10 hrs. ; guide to Pfliiglhof 
l7Jf. ; construction of a path projected), see p. 609; the ascent of the 
Sauleck (see above) may be combined with this route. Over the Niedere 
Tauern or the Kom- Tauern to Qastein (9 hrs. ; guide to Bockstein 12 K.), 
see p. 172, 170. 

To THK D018BDBGER HiJTTE, 51/2-6 hrs., with guide, attractive. From 
Mallnitz we ascend the Tauern-Tal to the W., cross to the right bank in 
1/2 hr., and reach the (I'/i hr.) Jamniger-HUtte (5735) and the (V4 hr.) 
Mannhart-Hiitte (6035'; good accommodation, 6 bedsj, where the path from 
the Mallnitzer Tauernhaus descends on the ri^ht (see p. 172). Hence the 
•Walter-Buninger-Weg' leads to the {V/i hr.) Feldsee-Scharte (8795'), be- 
tween the Feldseekopf (9365'; ascent in »/< ^r- from the Scharte) on the 
left and the Geitelkopf (9740'; 1 hr. from the Scharte, see above) on the 
right, with a fine view to the E. of Mallnitz and the Hochalmspitze, to 
the W. of the Goldberg group. Descent to the snow-field below the Qeiael- 
kopf, beyond which we follow a nearly level path (ca. 8365') on the slope 
above the Wurten- Tal, beneath the precipices of the Murauerkopfe, the 
Schlapperebenspitze, and the Weinflaschenkopf, to (2 hrs.) the Duitburger 
Hiitte (p. 6l3j, the starting-point for the ascents of the Schareck, Sonn- 
blick, etc. (see p. 613). 

The best centre for ascents on the S. side of the Hohe Tauern is 
the Hannover-Haus, to which a bridle-path (red marks) ascends in 

174 II.R.31. — Map,p.l64. HANNOVER-HAUS. 

numerous zigzags from the Seebacb-Tal (p. 172), 3 M. from Mall- 
iiitz (guide-post 'nach Gaslein'). We turn to the right at the 
(l'/2 ^r-) Viktor-Quelle (>;uide-post ), cross the Lackenboden to tlie 
(1 '/2 lir-) Old Hannover- Hutte situated on the Elsche-Sattel (8235'), 
and thence ascend the ridge to the N. to the (40 min.) new 
Hannover-Haus on the Arnold - Hohe (8920'; 26 beds at 3 -fiT.), 
opened in 1911, commanding a beautiful view, including the Dolo- 
mites and the Gross-Glorkner. 

Mountain Ascents (guides, see p. 173). — The ascent of the *Ankogel 
(10,705'; 2-2V2 hrs. ; guide 10, with descent to the Osnabriicktr Hiitte 13, to 
Bockstein 20^.) i.-; not difficult for the moderalely expert, though the 
upper h;.If is fatiguing. The panorama is very fine. The descent 1o the 
Gross-Elend-Scharte, or via the Klein-Elend Glacier and the Bchwarzhornsee- 
Schorte to the (3V2-4 hr.*.) Osnabrilcker Hiitte^ offers no serious difficulty 
(see p. 610) \ but that to the Anlauf-Tal (p. 170) is steep and troublesome. — 
The -Hochalmspitze (11,030'; 7-H hrs.^ guide 14, with descent to the Vil- 
lacher Hiitte or the Osnabriicker Hiitte "20, to the Arthar-voii-"-chnnid-Hiitte 
22 A'.), ascended via the Gross Elend-Scharte, the Eannover-Scharte (9550'), 
the Gi-vss-Elend Glacier, the Preimel- Scharte (9720'), and the Hochalm Glacier^ 
is not difficult for proficients. Tlie Arnold-Weg offers a sh' rter (S'/z-B hrs.) 
but more difficult mute. This leads from the Eannover-Scharte (see above) 
across the Gross-Elend Glacier to the right to the foot of the Gross-Ehnd- 
Kopj (10,865'), ascends that peak, passing to the Lassuch side about half- 
way up I wire-rope) and linally ascends through a snow-couloir to the top 
of the Hochalinspit/.e. Descent to the Villacher Hutte, 2 hrs., see p. 6(9. 
From the Hannover-Haus under the W. cliffs of the Hochalmspitze and 
via the Lassucher-Scharle or Winkel- Scharte (94"20') to the Avthur-von-Schmid- 
Hiitte in the Diissener Tal fp. 173), 7-8 hrs., with guide, fatiguing (club- 
path under construction). — The Gamskarlspitze (92o5' ; 41/2 hrs. 5 guide 10, 
with descent to Bockstein 14 A.) is laborious. We follow the Korn-Tauern 
route to the Kleine Tavernsee (753u'), then ascend to the W. past the 
Griinecker See, and linally mount over steep slopes of debris and neve 
and the S. arete to the summit (p. 173). The descent may be made to the 
Woisken Glacier and via the WoiskeTi-Scharfe (p. 173) to (4-5' hrs.) Bockstein. 
— The Grauleitenspitze (9060'; guide IV2 A.), reached from the new Han- 
nover-Haus in Vzhr., is easy and attractive. — The Tischlerspitze (/ascA- 
nock, 9^35'), 5-6 hrs. with guide (to Bockstein 25 A.), should be attempted 
by practised and powerful climbers only. It is best ascended after crossing 
the Ankogel from the Klein-Elend Glacier (comp. p. 17(_'). 

Over the Gross-RIlend-Schabte to the Malta-Tal, S'/a hrs. to the 
Osnabriicker Hiitte (guide 10 A'.), an easy and attractive expedition. A 
marked path leads from the Hannover-Haus to the (IV2 hr.) Gross-Elend- 
Scharte (S795'), whence it descends over the Plessnitz Glacier to the Gross- 
Elend -Tal and the (IV2 hr.) OsnabrUcker HUtte (p. 610). At the waterfall 
under tlie Plessnitz (Jlacier (see above) a path ascends to the left past the 
Scliwnrzhorn Lakes (p. Ull) to the (l'/-.' hr.) Schwarzhormee- Scharte (ca. 84G5'), 
commanding fine views of the glaciers of the Klein- and Gros^-Elend-Tal, 
whence the "Schicarzhom (p. 611) may be nscended in 1 hr. From the 
Scharte marked path to the (IV* hr.) Osnabriicker Hutte (p. 610 ; guide 
12 A.). — To (USTEiN an easy pass leads over the Eo/ik Tauern, or Korn- 
Tauern, in 5-6 hrs. (path marked with red; guide, not indispensable for 
adepts , to Bockstein 12 A. ; comp. p. 170). — Over the Radeck - Scharte 
(9435') to Gastein, 6-7 hrs. with guide (12 A.), difficult, to be attempted 
only by prollcients. 

Ihe road from Mallnitz to Obkr-Vellacu (p. 612) crosses the hill of 
the Rabisch (39^5') and descends to (2/4 hr.) Lassach (3320"; Briickenwirt), 
opposite the mouth of the Diissener Tal (p. 173 1, in which rises the Sauleck; 
it then crosses the Mallnitz-Bacb (on the right the castle of Groppenstein 
and the Groppenstein Fall, p. 613), enter* the Moll- Tal, and reaches (3/4 hr.) 
Ober-Vellach. — Travellers from Wallnitz to Hkiligenblut save about 

RAURIS. Map, p. 16 J. — 11. R.3^. 175 

»/4 br. if tbey proceed from Latsach (p. 174) to the right roand the luoun- 
tain-slopp. passing above the castle of Groppenstein (p. 613), direct to Sems- 
lach (to Flattach. 2hrs., see below). The finest route for adepts leads via 
the Feldtee-Scharte, the Dw'sburger Hiitle, and the Sonnhlick ; from Mallnitz 
fo Heiligenblut 13-14 hrs. (see p. 173). 

The Railway crosses the Mallnitz-Tal , passes through the 
Dossen Tunnel, and descends along the wooded slope high above 
the Mbll-Tal^ crossing several viaducts. Magnificent view across 
the broad valley, which is dominated on the S.E. by the Polinik 
(p. 613). We pass the castle of Groppenstein (p. 613) before reach- 
ing (41 V2 M.) the station of Ober-Vellach (3445')- 1180' above the 
village (p. 612). Farther on are tvro tunnels , between which we 
catch sight of the restored castle of Unter - Falkenstein and the 
extensive rnins of Ober-FaLktnstein, above Stallhofen (p. 612). Via- 
ducts (the first crossina- the Kapponig-Tnl) and tunnels alternate. 
47 xM. Penk (2945'), 935' above the village (p. 612). The wooded 
Davielsbery (p. 612). surmoiinted by a chapel, interrupts the view 
into the MoU-Tal, irom which it rises. A lofty viaduct now crosses 
the Rickengraben, whence we again have a view of the fertile valley. 
531/2 M. Kolbnitz (2450'; p. 612). The line crosses the Rottauer 
Graben and the Muhidorfer Bach by a viaduct 173 yds. long (above, 
to the left, the steel-works of MiihMorf with the Wa'dschlos?chen, 
p. 612). Beyond (57 .M.) Muhldorf-Mollbrucke (2045'; see p. 612) 
the floor of the valley is reached. — 60 M. Pusarnitz (1845'; 
Puller; Schmblzer), a prettily -situated village. At Lendorf the 
Tauern railway approaches the broad Drau or Draue, on the left 
bank of which it runs along beside the S. Railway (p. 601). — 65 M. 
SpittaL and thence to Villach-Klagenfurt, see pp. 600, 597; from 
Villach to Trieste, see K. 107. 

32. The Rauris. 

The little-visited Rauris Valley, which opens to the S. at Taxen- 
bacb, is traver.sed by a monotonous route leading across the Heiligenhhdei' 
Tauern to (11 hrs.) Heiligenblut. The head of the UuUwinkel-Tal (p. 176), 
or S.E. arm of the Rauris. noted for its gold-mines, is enclosed by magni- 
ficent glacier-scenery, which mountaineers will find it well worth their 
while to explore. The *Sonnblick here commands a magnificent panorama 
and may ea-ily be included in a highly interesting passage to Heilij;;en- 
blut (lG-17 bra.: to Kolm-Saigurn 7V-J hrs., Sonnblick 41/2-0, Heiligenblut 
41/2 hr'i.). — A road leads from Taxenbach to Rauris and a narrow rOiid 
goes on thence to Bodenhaus. Mail-cart to Rauris in summer twice daily 
in 2V4 hrs. (fare 2 K. 70 h.). 

Taxenbach^ see pAbl . The road crosses the Salzach at the railway- 
station and ascends in windings to the top of the March (3325'), 
above the Kitzloch-Klamm. At the (5 M.) Landsteg (see below) it 
joins the old road from Lend via Ernbach. — The shortest and 
pleasantest route for pedestrians leads from Rauris- Kitzloch station 
through the Kitzloch-Klamm (p. 157). The path crosses the Ache 
by the (1 hr.) Landsteg (2920' ; inn), whence the road (see above) 

176 11. R.32. — Map,p.l6i. KAURIS. 

leads on the left bank (soon affording a view of the Schareck, IIocli- 
arn, etc.) to (3 M.) Eauris (2990'; *Alt€r Brduer, with garden and 
view, 16 beds at 1-2 Z.,- Ilofmann, well spoken of; Neue Post ; 
Heitzmann)^ an old market-village, prettily situated and frequented 
as a summer-resort. 

ExccKSioNS. The Bernkogel (^armiofifgi, 7616'; 4V2 hra. ; guide, S K., 
advisable) commands a fine view of the Tauern, the Uebergossene Alp, 
etc. From Rauris the marked path proceeds to the E. into the Oais- 
bach-Tal, and ascends the slopes of the Grubereck (6890') to the (3'/2 hrs.) 
Slatin-Satlel (6890') and tbe^open Bernkogel-Hiitte 0220') to the (^A hr.) 
summit. Descent to the K. via tbe Kokaser Alp to Dorf-Oattein (p. 165 j 
guide \2 E)^ or to the N. through the Leiten-Tal to Lend (p. 157; guide 
11 K.). — Over the Seebach-iScharte or Luggauer-Scharte to (6-7 hrs. ; guide 
IDA") Hof-Gaslein, see p. 1G6. 

At(3M.) WoH/i (3090'; Zembacher; Pfeiffenberger, with mine- 
rals to sell ) the valley divides into the SeidLwinkel (right) and the 
Hiiitwinkel (left). — Over the Weichselbach - Hohe to Bad Fusch 
(5-6 hrs.), see p. 179. 

The Tauern Route (to Heiligenblut, 8 hvs. •, guide 18 K.) leads through 
the Seidlwinkel-Tal, with the scattered village of that name, and past 
the Schock- IlilUen , the Reiterhoj, and the Fall of the Spritzbach. to the 
(3 hrs.) Raurii^er Tauemhaus (4965',^ rustic inn). It then ascends more steeply, 
passing the Annenderwirt Alp (5960'), and crossing tracts of slatey debris 
and snow, to the (2 hrs.) Fiiscfier Wegscheide (way-post; 7940'), where the 
path from the Fuscher-Tdrl joins ours on the ri^iht (p. 181). Passing a 
de5!erted miners' house, we next reach the (^/i hr.) Hochtor of the Heiligen- 
hluter Tauern (8440'). Descent to (2 hrs.) Heiligenblut, see p. 181. 

In the Huttwinkel-Tal, 3^/^ M. above Worth, is the Frohn 
Inn (3480'; fair). To the left on the hillside is Bucheben (3750'; 

A fairly easy path (red marks; guide 9 K.) leads hence over the 
Stanz (6900') and through the Anger-Tal to (6 hrs.) Hof-Gasiein (p. 166). 

The route crosses the Ache and then the Krumelbach. In front 
of us rises the Ritterkopf, to the left the Herzog Ernst and Schar- 
eck. At the (11/2 hr.) Bodenhaus (4020'; Seidl's Inn; telephone) 
we cross the Huttvrlnkcl-Bach and ascend in windings through wood 
(farther up fine view of the head of the valley with its glaciers) to 
fl'/ohr.) Kolm-Saigurn (5240'; * Hoher Tnuernhof Inn, 8 min. 
short of Kolm-Saigurn, 42 beds at 1.60-3, pens. 5-8 /T.), in 
a grand situation, with abandoned gold-mines. Telephone to the 
Zittelhaus, see p. 177. The former wire-rope railway and the engine- 
house to which it ascended are both quite out of repair. The bridle- 
path ascends to the left to the (l^/g ^r.) Neubau (7130'; to the left, 
the 'Verwaltersteig' to the Riffel-Scharte, see p. 171 ; to the right, 
the path to the Sonnblick, see p. 177) and to (8/4 hr.) the Knappen- 
haus am Hohen Goldberg (7680'; no accommodation), on the 
moraine of the Goldberg Glacier, which has covered part of the 
old mines. 

ExcoKSioNS (guides, at Kolm-Saigurn, Matthias Mayacher, Jos. Winkler., 
J. G. Salchegger, Jos. Trigler, Seb. Miihlthaler, Christ. Fleissner, and Peter 
Saupper). The Herzog Ernst (9625') may be ascended from the Knappen- 
hausin2hr8. (not difficult; guide 9 JT.). — The ^Schareck (10.275'). which 

RAuRlS. Map,r.irj4 —IT. R.3^. 177 

commands a more extensive view, may he reached the Herzog Ern.^t 
in 3/4 hr. (comp. p. 171), or from tbe Rnappenhaus via the Fraganter- 
Scharte and the Wurten Glacier in 2V2 hrs. (guide 12 £.). 

The *Sonnblick (10.180') is ascended from Kolm - Salgurn in 
A^/o-bhTs. (guide 12 K., to Heiligenblut 20 /T. ) by a good path, 
which diverges to the right above the (1^/2 ^r. ) Neubau and crosses 
the tongue of the Eastern SonnhLick Glacier to the rocks of the S.K. 
arete, on which is the (2 hrs.) Roj acker- Hi'itte (9025'). The route 
then leads across the somewhat steep Vogelmaier-Ochsenkar Glacier 
or (for adepts) by the arete, to the (i'/2 hr.) Zittel-Haus (*lnn, 20 
beds at 4, and 19 mattresses at 2 K. ), on the top, "with a meteoro- 
logical station (the highest in the German Alps), inhabited through- 
out the year. Magnificent *View (panorama by Siegl). 

The descent mav be made via the SonnblicJc- Scharte and ihe Kieine 
Fleits Glacier to the (IV2 hr.) Seebichl-H^iut (p. 21il) and to ('i'/a hrs.) Heilujen- 
blut (p. 2J6; guide 2) A".), or by the Tramer - Scharte (9195') to the Oro.«t- 
Zirknitz-Tal and (4 hrs.) Dollach (p. W5; guide 20 ff.). Over the Rifftl- 
Scharle to \h& Nassfeld (4 hrs.: !|uide 13 Z.), see p. 171. Over ihe. N>edere 
Scharte to (he Duisburger Hiit'e and Ihence over the Feldt-^e-Scharte (8TW) 
to Mallnitz (9 hrs.; guide 34 A".), ^ee below and pp. 17:6, 613. 

The ascent of the Hocharn or Hochnarr (iO,i39U'), tlie highest of the 
Goldberg group, takes 5-6 hrs. (fatiguing; tjuide 12, with descent to 
Heiligenblut 'i^K.\ comp. p. 210). We priceed to the Hocharn Glacier, 
and then ascend to the summit either by the Gold ztch- Scharte (p. 'ilO) or 
by the snow-ridge extending to the K. from the Hocharn to the Grieswies- 
Schicarzkogel (*View). De c^nt to the Seebichl-IIau.«, see p. 210. The passage 
from the Hocharn to the Sonnblick, cro'^sin'.; the Goldzech - Scharte and 
skirting the W. side of Ihe Goldzecfikopf {iOXIi^') by tlie steep upper snow- 
slope of the Kieine Fleits Glacier, is difficult (3-4 hrs. : for experienced moun- 
taineers only; guide to Kolra Saignrn 22, to Heiligfnblut '2-iE.). 

Passes. To Fragant in S-9 hrs. (guide IB Z.). We ascend to flic left 
from the (2Vj hr.s.) Knappenhaus past some deserted .shafts, then 
the Wintergatse (snuw-fleld) either to the riu'ht to the (l'/4 hr.) Niedere 
Scharte (8890') between the Goldberg-Tauernkop/ (9090') and the Alteck. or 
to the left to the (1 1/4 hr) Fraganter- Scharte ((roi(7?>e."fir- rattt^rrt,- 9070'), 
between the Goldberg -Tauernkopf and the Herzog Ernst. Descent over 
the Wui'ten Glacier to the (I hr.) Duitburyer HUtte and (3 hr.^.) Ausser- 
Fraganl (p. 613), or over the Feldsee-Srhnrte (p. 173) to (0-7 hrs.) Mallnitz. 

To Heiligenbl'tt, crossing the *Sonuhlick (9-10 hr.s. ; guide 20 K ). strongly 
recomme.nded (see above and p. 210). — Over the Goldzech- Srfia^-te (■< lirs., 
guide 20 K.), see p. 210 — To Dollach over the Klein-Zirknitz-Scharte (8920') 
in 9 hrs. (guide 15 K). From the (2'/2 hrs.) Knappenhaus we cross the 
Goldberg glacier to the (V}\ hr.) Niedere Scharte (see above), anri then 
traverse the upper Wurten Glacier to the (^fthT.) Klein-Zirknilz-Scharte (8S90'). 
Descent over the Klein- Zirknitz Glacier int<i the Kieine Zirknitz-Tal. and to 
the right, above two small lakes ('G'ro«5->S«e a,x\A Kegel-See)^ to the (2 hrs.) 
highest chalets (6910'). The Kieine and Grosse Zirlnitz unite at the Untere 
Kater Alp (b2\.Qf), about 2/4 hr. lower down. Thence n better path (bridle- 
path) past the Neun Brunnen (waterfall) crosses the Zirknitz gorge by a 
bridge 105' in height: and the footpath to the left beyond the next f.jrm 
descends to (2 hrs ) Dollach (p. 205). — By the Windisch-Scharte (S94ry), 
between the Windischkopf (9385') and the Trumevkopf (9310'), or by the 
Brett- Scharte, between the Tramerkopf and the Goldbergspitze (10,060'), 
descending into the Or ois- Zirknitz-Tal and to Dollach, 8-9 hrs. (guide 15 K) : 
both laborious. 

Over the Pochhard- Scharte or the Rijfel-Schartp t.i Gastein , 6-7 hrs., 
see p. 171 (gnide to the Nassfeld 7, to Biickstein 9 K.). 

Baedeker's Eastern Alps. I2ih Edit. 12 


33. The Fuscher Tal. From Ferleiten to Heiligenblut. 

A visit to the "^Fusch Valley, usually combined with one of the routes 
over the Tauern (pp. ISO. 181), i.s highly recommended. Cakriagk Roau 
from Bruck to Ferleiten (IOI/2M.; diligence from Bruck to Fusch in 
summer twice daily in 3 hrs., tare 3 K. ; omnibus from the Hot. Lukas- 
hansl twice daily, 3 K.) and to Bad Fusch (71/2 M. ; diligence daily in summer 
in 23/4 hrs., 3K.). — Omnibus from Zell am See to Ferleiten in summer 
(July 15th-Sept. 1st) twice daily (6 a.m. and 3 p.m.) in SVz lirs. (4 7l., 
there and back IK.). — Carriage and pair from Brack to Ferleiten or 
Bad Fusch 1(3, from Zell am See 30 K. 

Bruck-Fusch ('2485'}, see p. 158. The road follows the left bank 
of the Fuscher Ache via J udendorf (inn) to (4^2 M.) the village of 
Fusch (2650'; *H6t. Imhachhorn, 50 beds at 1.50-3, board 4 /f. ,• 
Embacher, plain). Beyond the church (20 min.) the Hirzbach forms 
a fine waterfall, and 25 min, to the N.E. is the picturesque Sulz- 

ExcDKSioNS (guides , Qeorg Schram, Jakob Oberhollemer^ Alois Heugen- 
fiauser, and Seb. MUhlthaler ; tariff as from Ferleiten, to which the guides 
carry wraps, etc., without extra charge). A road (guide to the (rleiwitzer 
Hiitte 7 A'., unnecessary; mountain -carriage to the Hirzbach Alp 10. 
there and back 13 A'.) ascends the Hirthach-Tal, which opens here on the 
VV.. to the (2V2 hrs.) Hirzbach Alp (5605'). An attractive short-cut leads 
through the Hirzbach-Klamm (adm. 40 A.). From the Alp a good bridle- 
path ascends to the W. to the (IV2 hr.) Gleiwitzer Hiitte ((7ii80'; "Inn, 
14 beds at 4 K. and 8 mattresses), whence the 'Imbachhorn (8110'), a fine 
point of view, is ascended in Ihr. via, the. Brandl-Schartef^lib':, guide from 
Fusch 10 A'., unnecessary). The descent from the Imbachhorn may be 
made to the N.E. , via the TUrkelkopf and the Wachtberg Alp to (3 1/2 hrs.) 
Bruck-Fusch (p. 158) i or from the Brandl-Scharte by a bridle-path on the 
W. side to the Rosskopf (6560') and thence mostly through wood to the 
&I2 hrs.) Kestelfall - Alpenhaus (p. 182; guide 15 A:.). — The 'Hochtenn 
(11,060'), 5'/2-6 hrs. from the Gleiwitzer Hiitte. with guide (from Fusch 
20-21 .ff.), should be attempted by experienced mountaineers only. An 
excellent path leads to the S. from the hut for 40 min. and ascends 
(well-protected; several ladders), to the Scharte above the Spitzbreit{S2Q0'). 
Thence we follow the arete (wire-rope) of the Spitzbrettwand on its E. 
side to the (21/2 hrs.) J dger- Scharte (89&)') and then the N. arete almost 
to the top of the Bauernbrachkopf (10,265'), enjoying a continuous fine 
view (Max Hirschel-Weg' to the Moserboden, 6-7 hrs., see p. 184). We skirt 
the Bauernbrachkopf to the (1 hr.) Hirzbach- Tdrl (9980'), between the 
Bauernbrachkopf and the Hochtenn, and proceed via the Kleine Tenn and 
the N.W. arete (wire-ropes and iron pegs) to the (IV2 hr.) Hochienn- 
Schneespitee or Gletschergipfel (10,900') and to the (IV'a hr.) Hochtenn-Berg- 
tpitze (11,060), with a most magnificent view. The descent may be made 
to the E. to the Zuingkdpfi (9940') and thence either to the N.E. via the 
Schmalzgruben Alp to the (3V2 hrs.) Bar Inn (p. 179), or to the E. via the 
Watcher Bratschen to the Walchei- Alp and (31/2 hrs.j Ferleiten (p 179). A 
more difficult descent leads to the N. from the ZwingkopQ along the 
Bratschenkopf (88S5') to the Brechelboden and the (4 hrs.) Hirzbach Alp; or 
from the Brechelboden via the Streicheck-Hohe to the (41/2 hrs.) Gleiwitzer 
Hiitte. The descent on the W. side from the Hochtenn-Bergspitze via the 
Wietbach-Schartl (9945') to the Rainer-HUtte or to the Moserboden Hotel (p. 183 ; 
guide 32 A'.) is very difficult. Still more difficult, though well worth the 
exertion, is the route along the ridge vi.a the Kleine and Orosse Wiesbach- 
hom to the Maimer Hiitte (p. 180; guide to Ferleiten 45 A^.) or to the 
Heinrich-Schvaiger-Haus (p. 184; guide 50 A.). 

[A road (carriages, see above) diverges to the left just above the 
village of Fusch, crosses the Ache, and gradually ascends on thcE. 




; Kn|l.Miles 

FERLEITEN. Maps.pp. 178,164. - II. n.3:i. 179 

side of the valley, with fine views of theHochtenn and the Wiesbach- 
horn, to (3 M.) BadFusch, or St. Wolfgang im Weichselbach-Tal 
(4040'; *Orand Hotel, open xMay loth -Sept. loth, 150 beds at 
2-5, pens. 9-11 K. ; *H6t. Grimm zur Post, pens, from QK.), a 
health-resort, with five indifferent chalk springs (41-45° Fahr.) 
and well-kept promenades. Visitors' tax after 3 days. 10 or 7 K. 

Excursions (guide?, Peter Qschwandtner and Joh. Lanyegger). Pleasant 
walks to the (20 luin.) Restaurant LeberhrUndly and to the (IV2 br.) Dierzer- 
Hiitte, via the Thallmaver-HUtte and the Jlarien-Eiitte, returning by the 
Embach Alp (rfints.). — Another point for a walk is the Loninger Alp. 
— The Kasereck (52(X»'), ascended in 1 hr. via the Better Alp (rfmts.), 
affords a fine view; on the top is the HUdaHiitte. Hence a new path 
(marked) ascends i<> (l'/2 hr.) the top of the Ovteben (I3180'j, which cum- 
mands a tine panorama; descent to (272-3 hrs.) the village of Fnsch. — 
A more extensive panorama is obtained from the 'Kiihkarkopfl (7430'; 
::}-3V2 hrs.; guide 5 K.), ascended via the Reiter Alp, the Omachl Alp, 
and the deserted Adelen-Hutte. Shelter-hut on the top of the E. peak. — 
The 'Schwarzkopf ('JOtlo'; 41/2 hrs.; guide, not indispensable, 8, with de- 
scent to Ferleiten lU K.) is a superb point of view. The marked club- 
jiath, which is somewhat fatiguing, leads to the S.E. to the Rieger Alp 
(5875'). then traverses a deiile.and ascends over debris and the OrHnkar- 
Scharte to the summit. Descent from the Griinkar-Scharte by the Durch- 
eck Alp to (2 hrs.) Ferleiten, see below. — From Bad Fusch across the 
Weichselbachhohe (7275') to Worlh in the Rauris (p. 176), 51/2 hrs., an 
attractive mute (blue marks, but guide desirable. 10 JT.). — The Fiirsten- 
weg, a path with fine views, leads from Bad Fusch to (l'/2 hr.) Ferleiten, 
skirting the wood as far as the carriage-road (numerous way-posts ; shady 
before 11 a.m.).! 

From the village of Fusch the road to Ferleiten follows the left 
bank of the Ache, crosses it, and beyond (7 M.) the Biir Inn 
(2695'; well spoken of) ascends the E. side of the valley, above 
the Bdren - Schlucht (through which runs a shady footpath; adm. 
40 /i.}, to (IOV2M.) Ferleiten (3775'; * Hotel Lukashansl, open 
May 20th-Oct. 15th, in an open situation on the right bank of the 
Ache, with post and telegraph office, 70 beds at 1.20-4, pens. 7-8 AT.,- 
* Bemstciner' s Tauern Inn, on the left bank, open May Ist-Oct. 15th, 
80 beds at 1.40-3. pens. 5-8 A".), a hamlet situated on the level 
floor of the valley, commanding a fine view of the imposing snow- 
clad mountains at its head. 

ExcLBsioNS (guides , Joh. and Jot. Burgsteiner, Georg and Joh. Em- 
backer, Jos. Granitzer, Hebast. Eerzog, Egid. Holzl, Joh. Flutter, P. and R. 
Mitterwurzer. Georg Riesa., Joh. Laimgrnhev, P. Mitteregger, Jos. Rathgeb, 
Alois and Jos. Voithofer, Jos. Reichholf, Oeorg Lechner, Jakob Obei'hollenzei\ 
Ant. Unlerberger, and Joh. Machreich). A level path leads t<> the (1 M.) 
Oberstall Water/all (view of the Wic^bachhom). — A fine view is obtained 
from the (2 hrs.j upper Durcheck Alp (.o995'; rfmts.), to which a good wind- 
ing path (in shade until 9 a.m.) ascends from Ferleiten on the E. side of 
the valley, passing the (3/4 hr.) Olockner-Bank (view). We pass through 
a gate to the left 5 min. beyond the lower alp (iGW). A good view of 
the Steinerne Meer, Watzmann, etc., is obtained beside the spring, 2 min. 
beyond the chalet. — The Schwarzkopf (see above) may be ascended from 
the Durcheck Alp in 3 hrs., via the Griinkar- Scharte (marked path). — 
About 2 M. tc the \\., on the way to the Walcher Alp (see p. 180), are 
the picturesque fa'ls of the Ferleitenbach. — To the (2 hrs.) Trauner-Alpe, 
see p. 180. — The excursion to the Kafer-Tal (p. 180) is attractive; we 
follow the route to the t'fandl-Scharte as far as the (1 hr.) finger-post 
indicating a path to the right across meadows, which we ascend to the 


180 77. R. S3. - Map,p.l78, 200. PFANDL-SCHARTE. Fuscher 

(1/2 hT.)Jude>i Alpe (4890'), whence it proceeds along the slope for another 
'/4 hr. into the B 'ckkar. Imposing waterfalls and ice-avalanches. — To 
the Mainzer Hiitte (3V2 hrs. ; guide unnecessary), by an easy and well- 
marked bridle-path, see below. — The Hochtenn (11,060') is ascended from 
Ferleiten via, the Walchev Alp {p^f^') and the Walcher Br atschen in l-^hrs.., 
with guide (with descent to the village of Fusch 20, to the Kesselfall- 
haus 24, to the Moserboden 28 K.) fatiguing (better from the Gleiwitzer 
Hiitte by the Hirzbach-Torl ; see p. 178). 

From Ferleitbx to the Glocknerhaus over the Pfandl- 
ScHARTE, 6Y2 ^rs. (guide 12 A".), somewhat fatiguing for novices, 
but interesting and not difficult (accommodation for the night at 
the Trauner Alp ; better in the reverse direction, see p. 209}. Beyond 
the Lukashansl Inn we cross (10 min.) the Ache and follow its left 
bank, passing the finger-posts pointing (20 min.) to the right to 
the Mainzer Hiitte (see below), (1/4 hr.) to the left to the Hochtor 
(p. 181 ), and (10 min.) to the right into the Kafer-Tal (see p. 179). 
About 1/4 hr. farther on we recross the Ache and ascend rather 
steeply to the (8/4 hr.) *Trauner Alp Inn (oOoo'; open June 10th- 
Sept. 30th, 25 beds at 2-5, pens. 6-8 K.; telephone), which over- 
looks tlie Kafer-Tal (see p. 179), with its waterfalls and the majestic 
mountains of the Fuscher Eiskar surrounding it (from left to right, 
Sinnabeleck, Fuscherkarkopf, Breitkopf, Hohe Docke, Bratschen- 
kopf, Grosses and Kleines "Wiesbachhorn, Hochtenn). A footpath 
ascends hence to the right (riding practicable to the glacier) via 
the Pfandlboden. To the right, far below, is the Pfandlhach. After 
21/2^^8. we reach the N. Pfandl-Scharte Glacier or Spielmann 
Glacier, and in 1 hr. more (5V2 hrs. from Ferleiten) the Lower 
Pfandl-Scharte (8745'), between the Spielmann (9935') on the left 
and the Bdrenkopf (dX26') on the right. We now cross the 5. Pfandl- 
Scharte Glacier, and then descend by a bridle-path over gravelly 
and grassy slopes to the (1 V4 li^O Glocknerhaus (p. 207). 

In dry weather we may descend through the Nassfeld to the (I hr.) 
Fram- Josef s-Hohe (see p. 207^ guide 3 JST. extra), by turning to the right 
"iO min. below the Pfandl-Scharte. 

From Fbrleitbn to the Glocknerhaus via the Hohe Gang 
ANn the Bockkar-Scharte, 9 hrs., a highly interesting glacier 
expedition, not difficult for the tolerably expert (guide 18 Tf.). 
A bridle-path (red marks; guide unnecessary), diverging to the 
right at the finger-post from the Trauner Alp route (see above), 
ascends past the Vogal Alp (4185') in easy windings to the (3*/2 hrs.) 
Mainzer Hiitte, formerly called the Schwarzenberg - Hiitte (7835'; 
Inn, consisting of two houses, 22 beds in the new one at 4-5 K., 
14 mattresses in the old one at 2 K.), finely situated on the Hoch- 
gruber Glacier, at the foot of the Hohe Dock. 

Mountain Asuknts from the Mainzer Hiitte. The 'Hohe Dock (10,990'; 
3 hrs.; guide from Ferleiten iQ K.) is very attractive and not difficult. 
A new club-path diverge.^ to the right at the Eemsscbartl (p. 181) and 
ascends in windings to the first peak (10,715') and thence along the arete 
to the summit, wliich affords a magnificent view of the whole of the 
Glockner group. Descent either to the W. to the gap (10,605') between 
the Hohe Dock and the Grosse Barenkopf and thence via the Bockkar 

Tal. FUSCHERTORL. Maps, pp. 178,206.-11. R.33. 181 

(Tiacier to tho (1 hr.) Bockkar-Scharte (see below); or to the N.W. to the 
(iniber-Schayfe 3Lnd thence to the Wieli»ger Scharte aivl the Heinrlli 
Schieaiger - Haus (comp. p. 184). — The *Grosse Wiesbachhorn (11.715': 
5-6 hrs. ; guide V2, with descent to the Mo."'erboden '2fi, to tbe Glookncr- 
Haus 2^) K.) is without danger for adepts under normal conditions. From 
the Mainzer Hiitte the club-path crosses the Hochgruber Olacier and .i.-cend.s 
(wire-rope.s) the Brafschen-Wdnde almost to the sumniit of the Vordere 
Brattchenkopf (11,166'). then turns to the right acros.s tUo neve of the 
Teu/elsmiihl Olacier towards the Wielinger Scharte, whence it ascend.s to 
the right acn^ssj snow and rucks to (1 hr. ) the summit (easier route via 
the Hohe Dock, see above and p. 18i). — The Grosse Barenkopf (11,175'; 
guide 10 A'.), the Fuscherkarkopf (10.94.V; 18 -fi".)- the Vovdere Bratschenkop/ 
(ll,lfi5'; 20 A'.), and the Hinlere Brolschenkopf (11,210'; 20 K.) may also be 
ascended from the Mainzer Hiitte 

From [the Mainzer Hiitte a marked path leads via the Rems- 
sr.hartl{SQ&0') ami the Hohe G'anjf (broad band of rock; to the Bockkar 
Glacier and the (2 hrs.) Bockkar-Scharte (9995'), which commands 
a magnificent view (more extensive from the Eiswandbuhel, 10,490', 
to the NV'., easily reached thence!in V2 hr.). Descent by the Pasterze 
Olacier (to the right the Grosse Burgstall with the Oberwalder 
liiitte, p. 208) and along the slopes of the Fiischerkarkopf to the 
(II/2 hr.) Ho fmanns- Hiitte (p. 207). the (1 hr.) Franz- Josef. ^- Haus. 
and the (3/^ hr.) Glocknerhaus (p. 207). 

Fkom Ferleitkk to Heiligenbllt over the Hoghtok, 8V2-9 hrs. 
(guide, 13 E., not necessary for experts in settled weather). 'This route is 
attractive as far as the Fuscher Tori (provisions should be taken). Diverging 
to the left from the Trauner Alp route at (2/4 hr ) a tinger-prst (p. 180), we 
cross the Ache and ascend to the right by a marked path, command! nt; tine 
views. The path afterwards turns sharply to the Ictt and leads through 
the Unlere Nassfeld to the (2'/2 hrs.) Petersbrvnnen (6540'), whence we enjoy 
a superb view of an imposing amphitheatre of snow -clad peaks and 
glaciers, from the Brennkogel to the Hochtenn. We ne.xt ascend through 
the Obei-e Nassfeld to the (2/4 hr.) Fuscher Tori (7S9(V), between the Brenn- 
kogel (see below) on the right and the Barg^rkogel (8435') on the left, before 
reaching which the Gross-Glockner suddenly comes into view to the^S.W. 
We now descend to the right to the (35 min.) Fuscher Eiilacke (spring), 
skirt the of the Brennkogel, and then mount again '0 the (3/4 hr.j 
Mitter-Tdrl (7830'), and over stony slopes to (2/4 hr.) the Fuscher Wtgscheide. 
(7940'; finger-po^t), where the path from the Rauris comes up on the left 
(p. 17t>). The path here turns to the riglit and a.scends, occasionally over 
snow, to the {^l\ hr.) Heiligenbluter Hochtor (Bluler Tavern; S4i0'). the 
boundary between Salzburg and Carinthia. View limited. A bridle-path 
descends from the pass to the (20 min.) Samerbmnnen (7925'). a gofd springe 
crosses the brook, and skins the sb pe to the left, soon affording a, fine view 
of the Gross-Glockner. From the (3/4 hr ) chapel on the Kasereck (6280'). 
where the Molltal comes into view, the path descends to the left to (^4 hr.) 
Heiligenblut (p. 206). — The Brennkogel (9910*), an excellent point of view, 
mav be ascended from the Mitter - Tori (S'.e above) by the N.E. arete in 
2 hrs. (guide 16 K. ; see o. 209). 

Feom Ferleitex to Kaprun by the Keil- Scharte (10,455'; from the 
Mainzer Hiitte to the Moserlioden Hotel 5 hrs.), fatiguing; preferable by the 
Bockkar-Scharte (see above) and the Riffitor (10.220'; p. 2Cw ; to the Mo.ser- 
boden Hotel 7 hr.^i.; guide'.). Another route (for experts < nly) le.ifl.s 
via the Vordere Bratschenkop/ &nd the Wielinger-Sriiarte (ascent of the Wies- 
bachhorn, see above) to the Heinrich-Scfiwaiger-Hau.t and the (7 hrs.) ifo«er- 
boden Hotel (p. 183). 


34. The Kaprun Valley. 

A visit to tbe *Kapruner Tal and the Moserboden from Zsii am See is 
slmngly recommended. The excursion to the Jloserbodcn and back takes a 
full day if the traveller remains until evening at the Kesselfall-Alpenhaus. 
It is better to devote IV2 day to the expedition, spending the night at the 
Ki.8solfalI-Alpenhaus : leave Zcll at 330 or 6.05 p.m., visit the Sigmuud- 
Tluin-Klaram, and view the illumination of the Kessel-Fall by electricity 
in the evening ^ next morning, before 6, vvhen the path is in shade, 
ascend to the Moserboden. — A good road ( Kaiser-Franz- Jo-seph-Strasse) 
leads to (11 M.) the Kesselfall-Alpenliau."', and thence a narrow r( ad ('Fiirst- 
Liechtenstein-Weg''), practicable for small vehicles, goe« on to the (3 hrs.) 
Moserboden. Omnibus from Zell am See (starting from the market-place) 
to the Kesselfall-Alpenhaus, thrice daily from June 1st to Sept. 20th (5 times 
daily from July loth to Sept. l-^t), in 2' 2 hr.s. (ind. halt at the Sigmund- 
Thun-Klamm), returnin-^ in 13 4 hr. (fare 3 K. 40, return 6 £". 30 /». •, by 
express with four houses 3 A'. 10 and 6 K. iOh.). Return-tickets are valid 
for 8 days. — Omnibus from Zell to the Sigmund-Thun-Klauim and back, 
twice daily in S'A hr. (incl. halt at the Klamm); fare each way 1 K. 70 h. — 
('AEKiAGE from Zell to the Kesselfall-Alpenhaus and back in 1/2 day with 
one horse 16 A'., with two hor.^es 23 AT., whole day 17 or 28 K. Riding-horse 
from the Kesselfall-Alpenhaus to the Moserboden and back 16 K.^ chair 
vehicle 20 K. 

Zdl am See, see p. 158. The road to Kaprun crosses tlie Pinzgau 
railway and passes tbe Bruckberg station (to the right, a monument 
to Emp. Francis Joseph, with relief-portrait), and then leads across 
the moor to the Mayreinod Bridge (2485'; inn) over the SaLzach. It 
then gradually ascends the mountain-slope, passes behind the half- 
ruined Schloss Kaprun, and descends to (5V2 MO the village of 
Kaprun (2505'; Zwn Kitzstemhorn, 15 beds at 1-1.20, pens. 6-7 K".; 
Neuwirt Orgler; Mitteregger), prettily situated on both banks of the 
Kapruner Ache. 

The road ('Kaiser-Franz-Joseph-Strasse') follows the right bank 
of the Ache and winds up the Birkkogel (3125'), which forms a 
barrier across the valley. Near the beginning of the ascent (I1/4 M. 
from Kaprun; I1/4-IV2 l^^.'s drive from Zell) a notice-board on the 
right indicates the path, 150 yds. in length, leading to the *Sig- 
mund-Thun-Klamm (adm. 60 h., including the Kessel Fall 1 K.'), 
a gorge Jiamed after the late Count Thun, Governor of Salzburg (d. 
1898). We leave the carriage here and regain it at the upper end 
of the gorge (1/4 hr. ; umbrellas should not be forgotten), through 
which a well-made path leads. At some points this gorge rivals 
the Liechtenstein-Klamm and the Seiseiiberg-Klamm. — The road, 
ascending in windings, crosses the ravine by means of the (6V2 ^0 
BUinski Bridge, returns 1/4 M. later to the right bank of the Ache 
(where the Klainm^path is rejoined), and leads through the open 
valley to the (9^ '0 M.) Wustelau (2870'). [To the right is the Grub- 
bach Fall;'to the Salzburger Hiitte and Krefelder Hiitte, see p. 183.] 
After |12 min. more, at the Inrh zum Kapruner Tori (29 beds at 
1 .K'.20-2, pens. 5-7 K., well spoken of), we enter the Ehenwald, and 
ascend in a wide curve, passing a small grotto called the Kaskeller 
('cheese-cellar), to (11 M.) the *Ke8Belfall-AlpenhauB (3465'; hotel 

KATRUN VALLEY. Map,p.'J06. II. R.34. 183 

the first class, with post and telephone office; 75 eds at 3-6, 

as. 9-13 K".), ill a narrow and beautifully wooded valley. Plain 

•ommodation may be had at the house beside the chapel. Steps 

descend on the right to the gorge of the *Kes$eL Fall (adm. 60 h. ; 

illuminated with electric light at 9-9.30 p.m. ; worth seeing). 

ExcDRSioNS (guides, see p. 184) Fr-m the Ke>3elf.ill-Alpenhaii8 a steep ( Erzherzo?-Rainer-\VLg' ; marked) ascends through wO'd and 
across the slopes of the Breitwieseualp to (2 hrs.) ihe small SaUburger 
HiUtt on the Upper Hdmel Alp (6095': inn), which is reached in 6 hrs. also 
by a marked club-path from the Wiistel iu (p. 182), through the Orubbach- 
Tal. Thence we proceed along the N.W. slope of the Oaisstein (7815'; 
reached from the Krefelder Hiitte in ^l>hr.: raagni'icent view) to (H/4 hr.) 
the Krefelder Hiitte, linel'y situated on the Rotskopf (7515'; *Itin, 20 beds 
and 10 mattressc*;). — Mountain Ascents. The "Eitzsteinhom ("560' ; 3- 
3V2 hrs. ; guide ISA") is not diflicult for experts. About ''4 hr. from the 
hut we reach the Schmiedinger Glacier, where the accent i:^ gradual, beyond 
which we cross the N.W. arete (,wire-rope) to the (2V2 hrs.) summit (magni- 
ficent panorama). Steep descent (steady head essential) direct to the Wasser- 
fallboden or Mo'serboden (uuide 20 JT.). — T\i^ Schmiedinger (9710') and the 
Mauverkogel (9845'). both attrictlve and not difficult, may each be ascended 
in 2' '2 hr?. (guide 15 A".) via the Schmiedinger Glicier. — From the Krefelder 
Hiitte to the Moserboden, club -path in 8V2 hrs., see p. 184 — From the 
Krefelder Hiitte a club-path lead" to the W. to the. p/* hr.) Lakar-Seharte 
(818C0, whence we may descend through the Miihlbach-Tnl to (^ hrs.) Niedern- 
sill (p. 185). 

From the Kesselfall-Alpenhaus to the Gleiwitzek Hctte, 4'/2 hrs. (guide 
8 A. ,• not difficult): the club-path (red mark^ a'^cends thraugii wood and 
skirt-! the Roatkopf (6.355') to the (4 hr.4.) Brandl-Scharie (7715'), whence the 
'Imbachhom (8110') is e >sily ascended in 20 min. ; descfnt from the Brandl- 
Scharte to the O/jhr.) QleiwUzer HiUte (p. 178) and to (3 hrs.) the village of 
Ftuch (p. 178). 

The broad road ends here. The narrower road ('Fiirst-Liechten- 
stein-Weg'; toll for pedestrians 10/t.) to the (3-31/2 hrs.) Moserboden 
crosses the Ache and ascends in windings, at first through wood. 
From the (IV2 1'^.) Konigsstuhl^ at the top of the bill, where the 
glaciers come into view, we obtain a fine retrospect, extending to 
the Steinerne Meer. The route then follows the left bank of the 
Ache to the (20 min.l Limberg Alp (5145'; rfmts.), at the beginning 
of the Wasserfallboden{with the Wiesbachhorn on the left\ and then 
leads past the Bauem Alp (on the right bank), with a fine view of 
the mountains enclosing the Moserboden, to the (25 min. j Orgler- 
Hiitte and (6 min.) the Rainer- Hiitte (5320'), both belonging to 
Orgler of Kaprun and together containing 50 beds (at 1.60-2 K.; 
plain). Fine view of the Hochtenn, Wielinger (ilacier, Fochezkopf, 
Glockerin, and Barenkopfe. To the right, in the background, are the 
falls of the Ache and the Ehmatbach. 

The road crosses to the right bank of the Ache beyond the 
Rainer-Hutte and ascends in a long curve to the (1 V4 ^r.) Moserboden 
Hotel (50 beds at 3-8, pens. 10-15 Z., good; telephone), at the en- 
trance of the *Moserboden (6455'), or highest level of the Kapruner- 
Tal, 11/2 M. in length. The majestic amphitheatre of mountains and 
glaciers surrounding the Moserboden, which is watered by numerous 
Btreamlets, presents a most impressive spectacle. From leftto right 

184 ILU.JJ.^ Map,p.2uO. KAPRUN VALLEY. 

are the Hochteiiu, Fochezkopf, Hintere Bratscheukopf, Glockeriii, 
Bareukopfe, Riffltor, Hohe Riflfl, Torkopf, Kapnnier Tori, Eiser, 
Grieskogel, and Kitzsteinhorn. In the centre is the imposing Kar- 
Linyer Glacier^ descending from the Riffltor. A path on the right, 
at the foot of the W. slopes, leads past the Kaiserstein (commemorating 
a visit of Emp. Francis Joseph in 1893) to the (8/4 hr.) end of the 
glacier (6590'), where the Wiesbachhorn becomes visible next to the 
Fochezkopf. Visitors may walk on the end of the glacier without 

A fine survey of the Moserboden is obtained from the 'H&henburg 
(6925'), a barrier which separates it from the Wasserfallboden [ascent tu 
the left from the Moserboden Hotel, V2 br.). The snow-clad Johanniaberg 
is herR seen ri-^^ing over the Riflltor. 

ExcDKSioNs FROM THE Kaprdner Tal (giiides, Jos. Hetz, Thorn, and 
Jos. Alte/iberger, Joh. Jfaierho/er, Franz 3.nA Kaspar Nusshaumer^ G. Hdller, 
P. Mitteregger., Jos. Schranz^ and 0. Mayrhofer). From the Mo;-erboden lo 
the Krefelder Hutte, 4 hrs. (guide advisable). The cl'ib-path, at first 
ascending gradually and then more steeply, leads to the (3 hrs.) Kammer- 
/Scharte (860O'), to the S. of the Hohe Rammer (8655'), then descends to the 
Schmiediuger Glacier^ which is cro?sed in 20 min. (keep to the left), and 
in another 1/2 br. reaches the Ki-efelder Hiilte (p. 183). 

The -Grosse "Wiesbachhorn (11,715'), an ascent of 5-5V2 brs. from (he 
Moserboden (guide IS K., with descent to Ferleiten 24, to the Olocknerhaus 
30 A".), should be attempted by experts only. A club -path ascends from 
the MoserVoden Hotel to the (21/? hrs.) Heinrich Schwaiger-Haus of the Munich 
Alpine Club (9710'-, Inn, 12 beds at 6 and 4 mattresfes at 4 K.; adm. iO h.). 
We then ascend by a club-path (wire-rope?) via the Fochezkopf (10,365') and 
the ice-covered Kaindlgrat. a sharp arete high above the Wielinger Glacier 
(steady head necessary), to the (I1/2 hr.) Wielinger Scharte (10,720'), and 
finally mount a i^teep snow-slope to the (1 hr.) summit, which is approached 
from the W and commands an imposing view. Descent by the Bockkar- 
Scharte to (he (51/2 hrs.) Franz - Josef .t • Haus (p. 208). by the Bratschenkopf 
or the Hohe Dock to the (3V2-4 brs.) Mainzer Hiilte (p. IcO), or (very difficult) 
over the Hochtenn to the Gleiwitzer HiUte (p. 118; guide 45 A'.). 

The Hocheiser (10,520'), ascended from the Moserboden in 4 brs., by a 
shooters' path acruss the Grieskogel (10.065'), is fatiguing but attractive 
(guide 14 A'., with decent over the S. arete 16, to the Rudolfs-Hiitte 21 K.). 

The Hochtenn (11,060'), ascended in 6-7 brs. (guide 10 K.) from the 
Moserboden, by the Hiischel-Weg (p. 178) across the Hirzhach-Tdrl, is diffi- 
cult (preferable from the Gleiwitzer Hiitte, p. 178). 

Passes To the Mainzer Hiilte via the Heinrich Schwaiger-Haus., Wielinger- 
Scharte, and Hohe Dock, or (more fatiguing) via the Vordere Bratschenkopf, 
Bratschen-WcLnde., and Hochgruber Glacier., 8 hrs. with guide ('.; very in- 
teresting for experts), see p. 181. — Over the Riffltor (see below) and the 
Bockkar- Scharte (p. 181) to the Mainzer Hiitte, 8-9 brs. (guide to Ferleiten 
20A'. >, not difticult for experts (Oberwalder-Hutte on the way, p. 20S). 

Over the Riffltor to the Glocknerhads, 8 hrs. from the Sloserboden 
Hotel (guide 52 A'.), a very interesting route, not difficult for experts. A 
club-path crosses the moraine of the Karlinger Glacier., then ascends below 
the Schwarzkopf! over ea.^y gri und for ca. 2 hrs.. and crosses the elacier 
(here not much crevassed and sli piiiK very gradusUv) to the (I'/z br.) Biftltor 
(10,220'), whence the Hohe Rifji (10,9hO') or the Johannisherg (11,375') may 
be ascended in 1 and IV2 hr. resiiectively (see p. 2r8). We descend to the 
S.E. via the upper Pa.'^terzenboden to the OheruaU er - Hiitte rn the Grosse 
Burgstall (p. 2()8) and (o the Franz-Josefs Haus (p. 207); or fn m the Kitfltor 
we may cros^ the Paslerzenboden to the S., past \he Kleins Burgstall., and 
join the Hofmanns- Weg to the Gross- Glockner (p. 209; from the Moserboden 
to the Adlersruhe 9-10 hrs.). 

Over the Kapruner T6rl (8645') to the Stubach-Tal (from the Moser- 
boden Hotel to the Rudolfs-Hutte 6^/2, to Kale 11-12 brs. ; guide, adrisable 

UTTENDOKF. Map.s, pp. 186, 206.-11. E.35. 185 

lor ihe inexperienced, to the Rudolfs-Hutte 10, to Kals 20 iT.)? not dilticult 
Krum the (5/4 hr.) end of the Moserboden we akirt the tongue of the Kar- 
Ungtr Olacier and proceed through the Wintergasse. covered with debris 
to the (2 his) Tori, a depression between the Tovkopf on the left and the 
Kleine Eiser on the right (fine view of the Granatspitze, Wiesbachhorn, 
Hcchtenn, etc.). De.scent to the Rifjl Olaciev; then to the left across its 
terminal moraine (glaoier-tabKs) and by a clab-path into the valley, de- 
.-•cendiu grapidly to the stream and rta.«cending on the other side, partly by 
stefs (care necessary), to the (2V2 hrs.) Rudolfs- Hutte (see below) 

To the Olehcitzer Hiitte by tbe Hirschel-Weg t6 hrs., with y:uide), see p. 178 

35. From Zell am See to Erimml. Upper Pinzgau. 

33 M. PiNZGAc R.4ILWAY in l^li-'i hr-^. (fares b K. 60, 2 A'. iOh.). 

Zell am See (2470'). see p. 158. The railway skirts the lake for 
a short distance and then turns to the right. To the left opens the 
Fuscher Tal, with the Drei Briider (p. 1581 rising above it on the 
left, and the Hochtenn and Imbachhorn on the right. At (2 M.) 
Bruckherg the line turns to the W. into the valley of the Salzach, 
here upwards of I'/i ^1- broad and swampy at places. To the left 
opens the valley of Kapriin, commanded by the Kitzsteinhorn, with 
the Schmiedinger Glacier. From (d'/o^l-) Fiirth-Kaprun (Touristen- 
heim) a road leads to the left to (2 M. ) the village of Knprun (p. 182j. 
— 51/2 ^- Piesendorf {p.X%b' \ Mitterwirt; Neuwirt; Restaurant be- 
side the station); 7 M. Walchen (Kofler). — 9V'2 M. Niedernsill; 
the village of that name (Oberwirt. well spoken of; Bachler) lies on 
the right bank of the Salzach, at the mouth of the Miihlbach-Tal 
fvia the Lakar-Scharte to the Krefelder Hiitte 6 hrs., see p. 183). 
IOV2 M. Lengdcrf. At (13 M.) Uttendorf (2555'; Inn at the station ; 
NiederbichUr ; Post, well spoken of; Liesenwirt) the Stubach-Tal 
opens to the S., and in its background, farther on, appear the 
Johannisberg and the Eiskogele. 

From Uttendoef to Kals through the Stubach-Tal and over 
the Kaiser Tauem, an attractive route of 13-14 hrs. (to the Rudolfs- 
Hiitte 7 hrs. ; guide desirable, to the Rudolfs-Hiitte 7. to Kals 17 K.: 
Peter Muhlbauer of Piesendorf, Franz Griesenauer and Bernhard 
Kaltenhnustr of Uttendorf). Road (one-horse carr. to the Schneider 
Alp in 172 hr., 10 /T.) as far as the (6 M.) Fellerer Bauer (3140') 
and the (3/4 M. ) Schneider Alp (inn ; horses for hire); to the right 
opens the Dorfer Oed, traversed by an easy pass via the Landeck 
Olacier and the Weite Scharte (8860') to (8V2 hrs.) the Landeck Saw- 
MilL (p. 195). From this point a bridle-path ('Fischer-Weg' ; red 
marks) sscends to the (13/^ hr.) Enzinyer Boden (4765') and (2/4 hr.) 
the picturesque Griinsee (5575'). Farther on it passes the shooters' 
hut of Franzosach (5860') and skirts the slopes of the Schafbiihel 
(p. 186) to the Weiss-See (7275') and the (IV2 hr.) finely situated 
RudolfB-Hutte (7355'; Inn, 24 beds AiAK.AOh. and 24 mattresses 
at 2 K.). 

186 II. lioute 35, MITTERSILL. From Zell am See 

The Einlere Scha/biihel (7710'^ 20 min.) commands a superb view of the 
Oedcnwinkel Glacier and its imposing environs. — From the Rudnlfs-Hiitte 
over the Kapniner Tori to the Moterboden (guide iO K.), <ee p. 185; over 
the Obere Oedenwinkel-Scharte to the Glockmr-Haus (guide 22 A'.), see p. 209. 
— The Granatspitze (10,120') and the Sonnblick (10,130') may be ascended 
from the Rudolfs- Hiitte. via the Granat - Scharte (9735'), in 31/2 hrs. each 
by experts (guide 10 A'.). Descent from the Granat-Scharte over the Oranal- 
spilz Glacier and through the Landeck-Tal to the (S'/i hrs.) Landeck Saw-Mill 
(p. 195), or over the Granafspitz Glacier and the Taber Glacier to the (d'/z hr.s.) 
Matreier Tauernhaus (p. 195). 

From the Rudolfs- Htitto tho path ascends over rock and a patch 
of snow to the (174^1.) Kaiser Tauern (8240'); view limited. 
There is a fine view of the Glockner and Granatspitze groups from 
the Tauernkopf (8765'}, Y2 li^- ^0 the W., but caution is necessary. 
Then a steep and stony descent to the (20 min.) Tauernbrunnl 
(7290') and via the Grund Alp to the (IV4 hr.) Dorfer See (6330'); 
then, beyond the remains of the landslip that formed the lake, along 
the left bank of the Seebach or Kaiser Back, and across the streams 
draining the Laperwitz and Frusnitz Glaciers, and via the (8/4 hr.) 
Dorfer Alpe, with its fine meadows dotted with chalets, to the (I/2 hr.) 
Schuss-Hutte (simple accommodation), on the Rumesoi-Eben. Lower 
down the brook runs through a narrow gorge, and the path ascends 
the (^l^hr.) Stieyenwand. Fine view from the 'Eck'(5970' ) at the top. 
Descent to Kals (p. 202), crossing the Telschnitzbach, in 2 hrs. more. 

From the Eck a marked path leads through the Teischnitz Valley to 
the (4 hrs.) Stiidl-Hutte (p. 202), saving a whole day for those who intend 
to ascend the Glockner. 

Above Uttendorf the whole valley was formerly occupied by the 
river and its numerous stony islets, but much of this area has 
lately been reclaimed. The railway leads by (15 M.) Pirtendorf^ 
(151/2 M.) St'uhlfelden (Post), and the small sulphur-baths of (16 M.) 
Burgtoies to — 

171/2 M. Mittersill (2585'; Rail. Restaurant; *Post^ near the 
station, on the left bank, 20 beds at 1.20-1.60 K. ; *Brdurup, 
(jrundnerwirt, on the right bank ), the principal village in the valley 
(700 inhab.). The old Schloss (3095'), V2 M. to the N., commands 
a good view. 

ExccRsiONs (guides, Jo/i. Brugge)\ Friedr. Steinberger. and Joh. Stockl). 
The ^Gaisstein (7765') is ascended without difficultv in 41/2-5 hrs., with 
guide (10 A'.). The path leads through the Mnhltal via the B^rgl Alp (5575') 
to the (3V-' brs.) Buvgl-Hutte (6660'; Inn, 7 beds), I'm hr. below the summit. 
Comp. p. 232. — The Pihapper-Spitze (8250'). ascended by a marked path 
via the Lach Alp in 6 hrs., with guide (8 A".), is another fine point. — 
R(jad over Paxs Thtirn to Kitzhilhel. see p. 232. — Over the Felber Tauern 
to Windisch- Matrei, see p. 196 (guide 18 A. ; laborious and not very inter- 
esting •, night .spent at the Schosswender Tauernhaus. 2 hrs. from Mittersill, 
or in tlae Tauemhans-^pital, V4 hr. farther on ; travellers must bring guides 
with them). About 8 min. short of the Schosswender Tauernhaus a path 
diverges to the left for the Bchosswend-KUimml, a gorge with curious water- 
worn rocks, and rejoins the Tauern route higher up. 

191/2 M. Rettenbach, — 20^2 M. Hollersbach (Railway Restaurant, 
with 10 beds). The village of that name (2640'; Kaltenhauser, 

•^"^^ 'Ronnriu,«rf , ^-^^t^ S"***^^ '-CT^— ^^ 

-, '««^fo^J^< I^'.«il«»^- -?'•§«„«, .v>-;?^- « faJ-l^"-^' -_^ 

„ Lrl:Sp; =• ^ ■ -. - 


r Ti f ,^ Jttan-', StAjrtr 




Jaitknd' '^ 

^ ^^"^ *:^P>-. .^^v.,^ ^.^,,^ -..-.-^L.,.-^-^. -i 

t |»^^»i .... . 

-^ 1:250000 



to Kriminl. BKAMBERG Map,p.l96. — n.R.35.lSl 

16 beds at 1-2 /iT., good). 8 miii. from the station, lies ou the right 
bank, at the mouth of the Holler shach-Tal. 

Through the Hollersbach-Tal. a valley about 12 31. loug (guide, tVanz 
Ctwier of Hollersbach), a road ascends past the Leitner Alp to the (2 hrs.) 
Dor/er-Alpe (4185'; Edelweiss Inn, 8 beds, good), whence a marked club- 
path leads to the (s/i hr.) Rossgrub Alp (46t«5'), at the base of the Lieri- 
zinger-Spitze. Beytind the (V2 hr.) Ofner Alp (5185"). the valley forks : 
through the right (W.) branch a club- path leads past the picturesque 
Kratzenberger See (TCCS) and then ascends t<> the left to the (37? hrs.) 
Sandeben - Tori (9050'; fine view). We may then descend to the left to 
(2 hrs.) Inner-Gschloss (p. 196; ^iiide ISA'.), ':r to the right to the Pleniti- 
Scharte (S83c)'), and thcnoe via the Viltragen Glacier and the Kestel-TorL 
to the (3Va hrs.) Prager liiitte (p. 196; guide 21 A'.). — In the left (E.) arm 
of the valley the path lirit ascends over the pastures of the Weisseneck 
Alp, and then toils over a stouv tract to the (3 hrs.) Weissenecker- 
Scharte (864a). between the Dichtenkogel (9270') and the Fechiebenkogel 
(9400. The steep descent leads past the .small Dichtetute (8015') to the 
(2V2 brs. ; guide Ki A.) ifatreier Tauenihatis (p. 195). — Via the Larmlogel- 
ficharle to the Habach-Hutti.\ see below. 

211 2 M. i)or/"-Pa5s- T/iurn. — 23 M. Muhlbach (^2290'; OtWs 
Inn; Restaurant at the station), at the mouth of the Muhlbach-Tul 
(over the Stanqen-Joch to Kirchb^rq, see p. 229 ; footpath to Pass 
Thurn, p. 232). 

24 M. Bramberg (2705'; *Seningerbrdu. 30 beds at 1-1.60, 
pens. 4-0 /T., quaint old rooms on the first floor; Ledererwirt), 
whence a marked path leads to (3 hrs. ) the Wildkngel-Haiis (see 
p. 188). — 26 M. Habachtal. To the right is the Weyerhof (Inn, 
with old wood-panelling) with the ruined Weyerburg above it. To 
the left opens the Habach-Tal, with the Haback Glacier, the Hoht 
Fvrlegg, the Habachkopf, and the Kratzenberg in the background. 

A toilsome pass leads throngh the wild Habach-Tal to the Prager 
Hiitte (lOi/o-U hrs.; guide to the Habach-Hiitte 6, to the Prager Hiitte 
14 £. : G. Hchragl and A'tit. and Karl Wumitsch of Bramberg recommended). 
From Bramberg (where the best night-quarters are obtained) the path 
crosses the Salzach and leads through meadows via the Einodhofe to the 
P/4 hr.) entrance of the Habach-Tal. We then a'^cend to the left, .soon 
cro.>isiug to the left bank of the Habach, and proceed through wood, with 
a view of a (1/2 hr.) waterfall on the opposite side of the valley (spring a 
little farther on). On (20 min.) emerging from the wood we obtain a view 
of the Schwarzkopf, and '/* br. farther on we cross to the right bank (3595') 
and command a view tif the head of the valley from the Schwarzkopf, on 
the E., to the Hohe Furlegg and the Leiter Glaciers on the W. ; to the 
right is the precipitous Fesc/'toand (7525'). We proceed via the Kramer Alp 
and the Brotinger Alp to the (IV^ hr. ; 3 hrs. from Bramberg) Alpenrose Inn 
on the Mahdl Alp (4690'). Beyond the Maijr Alp the path passes throngh 
a gorge called the Keesau (5690) and th^;n asceids to the left in numerous 
zigzi^s tu the Grosse Weid Alp and the (3 hrs. ; 6 hrs. irom Bramberg) 
Habach-Hutte (777U'; Inn, 13 beds at 3 K. 20 h.), close to the Habach Glacier 
and commanding a magnificent view. The 'Larmkogel (9S90'; 2-2V2 hrs.; 
guide 6 A.), via the Larmkogel - Schaite (see p. 188), not difficult, the 
'Kratzenberg i^iff; 2V2-3 hrs.; guide 8 A.), via the Schwarzkopf-Scharte 
(see below), the Plattige Habachkopf (10.560'; 3'/2 hrs. ; guide 14 A.), via the 
crevassed Habach Glacier and the Habach - Scharte (see below), and the 
Hohe Fiirlegg (10,645'; l-l'/a hr. to the W. of the Plattige Habachkopf 
over ne've'; guide 14 A.) may be ascended hence. — Fr^m the hut we 
may cross the Habach Glacier ia the Schwarzkopf-Scharte (9il0'), between 
the Schwarzkopf and the Kratzenberg, or (more difficult) to the Habach- 
Bcharte (97250, between the Griine and Plattige Habachkopf, and in both 

ISS n.R.:j5.'Maps,pp. 186,196. NEUKIRGHEN. FromZell amSee 

ca-^ea descend acruas snow and rock to the Viltragen Glacier (%ibU) and 
iigain ascend, via the Kestel-Torl^ to the (41/2-6 hrs. ; guide 8 K.) Prager 
HUtte (p. 198). Over the Larmkogel - Scharte (9055') to the Hollersbach - Tal 
(31/2 hrs. to the Ofner Alp), see p. 187 (guide to Hollersbach 12 A'.). 

Beyond ('27 1/0 M.) Neukirchen ('28C0'; Redaurant at the station; 
Post, 50 beds at"l.60.-'2 A'.,- Kammerlander, 20 beds at 1-1.40 /T. 
Neuwirt), a considerable village with an old castle , the railway 
enters the Rosen-Tal. 

Excursions (guides, Signivnd Stockmaier, Dominik Kronbichler, Kajetan 
and Franz Nusihaumer, J. G. Schwarzler, Joh. Kogler, Alb. Ritsch, and Jos. 
Steinev; comp. the 31 ap, p. 228). The Rechteckbauer. on the slope of the 
Rossberg, 1 hr. to the N,\V., affords a splendid view of the Venediger and 
the two branches of the Sulzbach-Tal. — A grand view is obtained also 
from the *Wildkogel (7305'; 3'/2 hrs. ; guide unnecessary). A road, practi- 
cable for mountain-vehicles, leads from Neunkirchen to the (3 hrs.) Wild- 
kogel Inn (BSSO"; open June l.'t-Oct. loth. 30 beds at l.GO-2, pens. 5-6 if.; 
telephone), whence a footpath ascends to the (35 min.) top (shelter-hut). — 
A route leads from the Wildkogel Inn via ('/a hr.) the Filzen-Hohe (6685') 
and along the E. slopes nf the Braunkogel, Friihmesser, and Lanbkogel 
to the (2i,'2 hrs ) Slangen-Jock (5780'), and thence to (2 hrs.) Aschau in the 
Sperten-Tal and (2 hrs.) Kirchberg in Tyrol (p. 229). Those who wish to 
combine the ascent of the Grosse Rettenstein (7755'; 2 hrs. more; guide 
advisable) with this excnr-ion diverge to the left before reaching the 
Stangen-Jocb, ekirt the S.E. side of the Retten.«tein across slopes of de'bris, 
and proceed to the N.W. by the 'Miinchner Weg' (p. 229), which ascends 
from the Schontal Alp, to the (iV2 hr.) W. summit. Descent through the 
Untere Orund to (3 hrs.) Aschau (p. 229). — Over the Geig en- Scharte into 
the Sperten-Tal (7 hrs. to Kirchbtrg). see p. 529. 

30 M. Eosental - Grossvenediger (2834'; *Huber$ Hotel, R. 
1-3 K.). To the left, separated by the Mitterkopf, open the Unter- 
and the Ober-SiUzbach-Tal. In the former appear the Klein and 
the Gross-Venediger with the Unter-Sulzbach Glacier; in the latter 
is the Ober-Sulzbach Glacier with the Maurerkeeskopf. 

ExccRSiONS (guides, see above). To the Unter-Sulzbach Fall (3/4 hr.). 
The path from the station of Roaental (finger-post) croases the Salzach. 
and ascends along the left bank of the TJnter-Sulzbach stream, mostly 
through wood, affording fine views of the waterfall (165' high). — A steep 
path ascends through the Unter-Sulzbach- Tal to the (3 hrs.) hunting-lodge 
on the Upper Ascham Alp (5235'), s/^ hr. below the end of the Unter- 
Sulzbach Glacier. The Venediger (see below) may be ascended from this 
point in 7-8 hrs. (arduous). Over the Unter-Sulzbach-Torl (9400') to Gschloss 
(p. 196), 8 hrs.. difficult fguide 21 K.). 

A tolerable path (at first practicable for riders; to the Kiirsinger-Hiitte 
BV'ihrs.; guide 9 K., not indispensable) ascends the Ober-Sulzbach-Tal on 
the right bank of the stream, past Hollaus, the beautiful Seebach Fall, 
and the (2V2 hrs.) Berndl Alp (Inn, 7 beds) to the (1 hr.) Post Alp (55C0'; 
inn). Then a steep ascent by the Stierlahner Wand and Keeslahner Wand 
to the ('2V2 hrs.) Kiirsinger-Hiitte (5^395'; Inn, 14 beds at 4 A'., adm. during 
the day 20a.) in the Keeskar. Slagnificent view of the huge Ober-Sulzbach 
Glacier (the ice-fall of which is called the 'Tiirkische Zeltstadf), surrounded 
by the peaks of the Venediger group : the Gross-Venediger, Grosse Geiger, 
Maurerkeeskdpfe, Sonntagskopf, and Schlieferspitze. The ascent of the Gross- 
Venediger (12.010'; 41/2-5 hrs.) from the hut is laborious (guide from 
Rosental 'J2, with deacent to the Prager Hiitte cr the .Tohannis-Hutte 25 K.). 
The mute leads via the Ober-Sulzbach Glacier, the Zwischen-Sulzbach-Tdrl 
(9445'), and the Venediger-Scharte {'), between the Klein- Venediger and 
the GrosB-Venediger, then bends to the right snd crossea the N.E. arete 
to the summit (p. 196). — Among other ascents which may be made from 
the Kiirsinger- Hiitte are those of the *Keeskogel (10,820'; 3 hrs.j guide 

to Krimml. KRIMML. Maps, pp. 186, 196. — IJ. R. 35. 189 

16 jr.). the Orotfe Oeiger (11,040'; 4 hr^. ; euide 24, with descent lo the 
Johannis-Hiitte 30 A'.), and the Hinttre Muurerkeeskopf (10,880'; 6 hrs. ; 
guide 23, to Pragraten 3i K). — Over the Ober-Sulzbach-Torl or the Maurer- 
Torl to Pragraten (guide 2 i A".), see p. 198; over the Zwischen- and the 
Unter- SuUbach-Torl to Gscfil6.^s (guide 22 A'.), see p. 196; over the Krimm- 
ler Tori to the Warnsdorfer Hiltte (recommended; gnide from the Kiir- 
?ingep-Hiitte 7 A'.), see pp. 19:i, 19S. 

On the slope to the right is the ruined Hieburg. Passing the 
Teufelsstein we next reach C30'/.2 M.) Wald ('2900'; Strasser, 
35 beds at 1 K.), where the direct route to (13 M.J Gerlos, via 
Ronach, diverges to the right (p. 236). The railway turns to the 
S.W., crosses the Salza, which descends from Konach and here 
unites with the A>jmmier ^c/i€ to form iheSalzach, and reaches 
its terminus at (33 M.) stat. Krimml (3020'; Railway Hotel, 30 bedp 
at 1.50-3 A'.), at the foot of the Falkenstein (3470'), which may be 
ascended in 25 min. (*Inn on the top; fine view ; thence to Krimml, 
1/2 hr.). Hotel -omnibuses (1 AT. ) here meet the train, to convey 
travellers via Unfer- Krimml to (2 M. farther up) — 

Krimml. — Hotels. *Hut. Krimmlerhof, with view of the falls, 
open June ln-3ept. I5tb, 96 beds at 1.604, D. 3, pens. 6-10 /T.; 'Hot. 
Waltl zuR Post, 150 beds at 1-3, pens. 5 9 A'., with baths; Hofer's Hot.- 
Pf.ns. Krimmlerkai-le, 35 beds at 1.50 3.50, pens. 5 8 A". ; Krimbaciiek's Isn 
zu OEN, 40 beds from 1, pens, from 5 A'. 

Krimml (3600'). a village with 360 inhab., occupying a sheltered 
position in a beautiful wooded valley, is frequented as a summer- 
re>ort, but is chiefly visited on account of its magnificent **Water- 
falls, the finest among the German Alps. 

The Krimmler Ache, the discharge of the great Krimml Glacier, is 
precipitated in three falls into the valley below, a depth of about 1250'. 
The finest poinf.s of view (best in the morning) have been rendered 
accessible by an eiisy and well-kept path (to the 'Scbett-Kriicke' and back 
3 hrs.; toll 40 7j. ,• small vehicles procurable). Passing the Inn zu den 
Wasserf'allen we reach (25 min.) the first point of view, where we gaze on 
the "Loweit Fall a'' it thunders into its basin at our feet and bedews us 
with its spray, in which the morning sun forms beautiful rainbow hues. 
Returning a few paces from this point, we ascend to the (10 min.) /Zej^en- 
Kanzel, which commands another and still finer survey of the lowest 
fall, and to (5 min.) a third and (G min.) a fourth point of view overlook- 
ing the same fall. We next reach the (4 min.) Riemann Kanzel, a pro- 
jecting rock with a parapet and seats, above the beginning of the lowest 
fall. Passing two points with view of the Central Fall, we reach ('/4 hr.) 
Ho/er't Hotel (42-5'; 20 beds at 1.50-3.50, pans. 6-8 A'.) on the Schonangerl, 
with a splendid view of the "Ifiyhest Fall, which descends from a height 
of about 460". From the inn we reach in 10 min. the foot of the highest 
fall, whence we proceed through wood to the *Bei'ger-Blick, the finest view- 
point. Thence a winding path, affording beautiful views, ascends to the 
(20 min.) top. Here, close to the brink of the rocks over which the Ache 
is precipitated, a bridge CSchett-Brueke" ; 4800') cro.sses the stream to the 
Tauern route (p. 190). The carriage-road crossing another bridge a little 
higher up also joins the Tauern route. 

Other Excursions from Krimml (guides, Peter ffofer, Joh. Unierberger, 
Joseph and Simon Krabichler, J. Mdtchl, Joh. Schorr, Michael Wechselberger, 
Mich. Kirchler. Franz Heim, From Lechner, A. Oeittler, and Peter Kogler 
of Krimml, and Peter Gasser of WaldJ. To the (SVz hrs.) Seekar-See 
(7365'; guide 6 A".) and thence to the (I/2 hr.) ArbeskogelOSW ; guide 9 A".) 
or the (IV2 hr.) -SeeA-arAop/ (8595'; guide 11 A".) ; both interesting. — Gern- 
kogel (7445'), 4-4V2 hrs. from Wald (see above), via the Bacher Alp to the N., 

190 11. R.36.— Maps,pp.l80, 196. KRIMMLER TAUERNHAUS. 

easy and attractive (guide 9 K.) ; the descent may be made to Hopfgarten 
(7 brs.). — Several interesting circular excursions, involving no difficulties, 
may be made 5 e.g. via the waterfalls. Warnsdorfer Htitte, Gamsspitzl, 
Ki'irsinger Hiitte, Ober-Sulzbachtal, and Dack td Krimnil; or via the Platte, 
Zittauer Hiiite, Krimmler Tauornbaus, Warusdorfcr Hiitte, to Krimml (or 
to the Kiirsinger- Hiitte, etc., as above) ; nr, via the Platte, Zittauer Hiitte 
Pvichter - Hiitte. Krimmler Tauern. Neu- Gersdorfer Hiitte, Birnliicke, and 
Warnsdorfer Hiitte, etc. 

To Gerlos over the Platte, 5 brs., bridle-path, guide (6 .K'.) un- 
necessary (horse to the Filzstein Alp or Vorderplatte 5, to the Mitter- 
platte 6. to Gerlos 12, to Zcll 25ir.)i see p. 237. Ascent of the Flatten- 
kogel (6695'), from Krimml '2^1-z hrs. (no guide required): a bridle-path 
ascends to the (IVj br.) Fihstehi Alp (53S5'; inn in summer), whence a 
footpath leads to the left to tlie (1 br.) summit. We may return via the 
MiUerplatten Inn (p. 237) t.. (2 hrs.) Krimml. — From the (2 hrs.) Mitter- 
platlen Inn a path, commanding fine views but in poor condition and 
defectively marked (guide 8 A. ; new path direct from Krimml projected), 
leads via the slopes ot the Plattcnkogel, the Wild Alp., and the Trisnel Alp tu 
(ca. 4 hrs.) the Zittauer Hiitte (p. 286). A better route from the inn descends 
to the point where the path ft)rks (on the right, to Ronacb, see p. 189) 
and then follows the marked path to the left through the Wild-Gerlos- 
Tal (p. 236; to the Zittauer-Hiitte, 4V2 hrs.). 

36. From Krimml via the Krimmler Tauern or via 
the Birnliicke to Kasern [Taufers). 

From Krimml to Kasem via the Tauern 9 hrs., via the Birnliicke 

10 hrs. (via the Warnsdorfer Hiitte and the Birnliicke IIV2 hrs.; via the 
Birnliicke and the Neu-Gersdorfer Hiitte 11 hrs.); via the Richter- Hiitte 
and the Krimmler Tauern 11 brs. All the paths are marked (bridle-path 
to the Warnsdorfer Hiitte); guides, who must be brought from Krimml, 
are not indispensable for experts but are advisable in unsettled weather 
or in fresh snow. — The route via the Krimmler Tauern affords a mag- 
nificent view from the top of the pa«s and the Neu-Gersdorfer Hiitte, 
while the more interesting and more usual route via the Warnsdorfer 
Hiitte and the Birnliicke commands a finer survey of the glaciers of the 
Krimmler Achen-Tal. The Lausitzer Weg (p. 192) connects the two passes. 

Luggage may be sent on during July and August, by a vehicle leav- 
ing Krimml at 6.3'' a.m. and arriving at the Krimmler Tauernhaus at 

11 a.m. {QOh. per kilogramme or 2V5lbs.), and at the Richter-Hiitte or at 
the Warnsdorfer Hiitte at 6 p.m. (4UA. per kilogramme); the return jour- 
ney begins at 9. a.m. from the Richter-Hiitte or the Warnsdorfer Hiitte, 
reaching the Tauernhaus at 2 p.m. and Krimml at 5 p.m. Luggage should 
be banded to Frau Agnes Hofer, besidu the church, in Krimml, and notice 
should be given not later than 9 p.m. on the previous evening. From 
the Warnsdcrfcr Hiitte luggage may be sent on to the Neu - Gersdorfer 
Hiitte and to Kasern (see p. 484). 

FaoM Krimml to the Taubrnhaus, 31/2 brs. (guide 5 K., un- 
necessary; horse 10 K.). As far as (IV2 ^^•} t^e Schett-Briirke^ see 
p. 189. Thence the Tauern path (a bridle-path 5 ft. wide) ascends 
gradually along the right bank of the Ache, finally crossing to the 
left bank to the [1^/4-2 hrs.) Krimmler Tauernhaus (6350'; Inn, open 
all the year round, 34 beds at 1 K. 60-3 /T. 60, B. 80 ft., good; 
luggage, see above). 

ExcDRSioNS (guides should be brought from Krimml; tariff from the 
Tauernhaus). — Hiitleltalkopf {%1%^') \, 3J/2 hrs., guide i2 K. -., attractive and 
not difficult); Hohe ScAa/?*op/ (10,046'; 4 hrs.; guide 16 A'.) and Tritseh 
Aop/ (10,100'; 5 hrs.; {iuide 13 A".), both fatiguing; i?oM*oj3/ (9335' ; 3'/-.( hrs. ; 

RICHTER-HUTTE. Maps.pp. 196,238. — II. R. 36. 191 

guide 12 K ; see below) ; Glochenkarkopf (9560'; 41/2 trs. ; gxiide 14, to Kasorn 
17^.; see p. 192), fatiguing. — Ovek the Rainbach - Schakte to the 
ZiTTAUER Hdtte (i-i'/a hrs. •, guide 6, to Gerlos 12 A"., desirable), attractive 
and not difficult. From the (40 inin.) finger-post short of the Rainbach Alp 
(see below) we ascend to the right, past the liainhachkar - See (7915'), to 
the (21/2 hrs.) Rainbach-Scharte (8l'65'), between the Hohe Schaflkopf and 
the tios-kopf. then descend, pa-sing the Upper Gerlos-See, to tLe {i hr.) 
Zittauer Hiitte on the Lower Gerlos-See (p. 236) and through the Wildgerlos- 
Tal to (3V2-4 hrs.) Gerloi (p. 235) or (5 hrs.) Krimml (p. 189). — Over the 
Rostkar-Scharte, see below. 

From the Tauebnhaus to the Richter-Huttk, 2^1-y hrs., an 
attractive excursion (guide from Krimml 7 K., not indispensable;. 
The club-path leads to the W. across the Rainbach and winds up 
the left bank of the stream; beyond the (40 min.) path to the Rain- 
bach-Scharte (see abovel we reach the ('20 min.) Rainbach Alp 
(6170'), where we cross to the right bank r.nd ascend gradually to 
(3/4 hr.) the head of the valley, surrounded by the Gabelkopf, 
Reichenspitze . Zillerspitze, Schwarzkopf, Rainbachspitze , and 
Zillerschartenspitze. The path now mounts more rapidly (to the 
right the path from the Rosskar-Scharto, see below I to (3/4 hr.) the 
finely situated Kichter-Hutte (7745'; Inn, 16 R. with 40 beds at 4 
and 12 mattresses at 2 A". ; avlm. 40 h. ; luggage, see p. 190). 

ExccusiONS (tariff reckoned from the Richter-Hiitte). Rosskopf (9335'; 

3 hrs.; guide 6 .fi"., wiih descent to the Zittauer Hiitte), easy; Mandlkar- 
Ao;)/ (9425' ; 3 hrs. ; 11 K.). easv; Gabelkopf. or Hohe Gabel (10,721/; 31/2 lirs. - 
lU.K'.j, moderately difficult; Rucheti^pitze (10,8i5'; 3-3y2 hrs., guide 12, 
with descent to the Plauener Hiitte 16, to the Zittauer Hiitte 14, to Gerloy 
22 jr.), moderately difficult (rope and step.s ; across the gap to the Gabel 
kopt" 1 hr.. descent to the Zittauer Hiitte 2 hrs.); Zillerspitze (10,18C''. 
3-3V2 hrs.; guide 13, to the Plauener Hiitte 11 K.), m )derately diflicult, 
Ricfiterspitze (10;0J5'; 2V2-3 hrs. guide 5, to the Plauener Hiitte 7 A'.), eas, 
(marked path; iron cross on the top); Northern Schwarze Wand (10,170'; 

4 hr'.), very difficult; Southern Schwarze Wand (9945'; 31/2 hrs), difficult; 
Spaienspitze [TiXQ' : 31/2 hr-*.), verv difficult; Nadelspitze. (9675'; 3 hrs.), diffi 
cult; Schwarzkopf {i(\'Sib' . 31/2 hrs.; guide 15, to the Plauener Hiitte 19 A'.) 
difficult; Zillertchartenspitze (10,290"; 4 hr.s.), difficult; Rainbachspitze (10,035'; 
3 hrs.; guide 13 A".), moderately difficult; Zillerplattenspilze {lO^'i'ifJ' ; 4 hr-.), 
moderately difficult; Windbachtalkopf (9.340': 2 hr.'^. : guide 2, to the Neu- 
Geri-dorfer Hiitte 7 A'.), easv and attractive (marked path); Windbachkar- 
kopf (9030": 3 hrs.; guide I'i A'.), easy; Wildgerloispitze{iQ,ll<^'; 41/2-5 hrs.; 
jiiuide 16, to the Plauener Hiitte ISA'.), difficult. — Passes. Over tjie 
WiNDBACH-ScHARTE TO THE Taiern, 3i/2 hrs. (marked path; 
guide, 5 jr., .-idvisable in fresh snow or fog). The club-path ascends rapidly 
to the N.E. to the (1 hr.) Windbach- Scbarte (8860*), then, after a steep 
descent of a few min., proceeds to the S. by a fairly level course alonii 
the slope high above the Windbarh-Tal. In ^h hr. we come to the path 
(right) descending from the Plauener Hiitte via the Zillerplatte (p. 2o9j, 
and 20 min. farther on begins the ascent to the (2/4 hr.) summit of the 
pass, before reaching which the path from the "Tauembaus (see p. 192) 
join ours. — Over the Gams-Scharte to the Plauener Hutte, 372-4 hrs. 
(guide 6 AT. . advisable even for experts when the cnditiun of the snow is 
unfavourable), attractive and free from danj^er. A marked path ascends 
from the Richter-Hiitte to the (2-21/2 hra.) Gams-Scharte (9615'; shelter-hut), 
between the Richterspitze (see above; ascent hence in V2 hr.) and the >. 
Schwarze Wand, commanding a fine view. Descent by a marked path 
(rope) to the (IV2 hr.) Plauener Butte in the Kuchelmooskar (p. 235) and 
via the (2 hrs.) Bdrenbad Alp and firandberg to (5»/2 hrs.) Mayrhofen (p. 237); 
or via the HeiUggeist-Jochl to (5 hrs.) Kasern (p. 483). — Over the Ross- 

192 U. R.36.~-Map,p.]90. KRIMMLER TAUERN. 

KAR-ScHAKTE TO Gerlo3, 7 hrfl., easy and interesting (club- path; guide 
desirable, to the Zittauer Hutte 5 K.). From the Richter-Hiitte over the 
(2 hrs.) Rosskar-Scharte (8830'), between the Kosskopl" and Mandlkarkopf, 
to the (1 hr.) Zittauer Hiitte (p. 236) and to (4 hrs.) Gerlos (p. 235). 

FaoM THE Tauernhaus over the Krtmmler Taubrn to 
Kasern, 6 hrs. (marked path; guide not iiidispen sable for adepts; 
from Krimml 16 K.^. About 25 min. from the Tauernhaus, below 
the Unlaaa Alp (5445') the path turns to the right (route straight 
on to the WainsdortVr Hiitte, see below) and crosses the Ache. 
We then ascend, steeply at first, by a bridle-path along the Wind- 
hach, crossing the stream and passing the (50 min.) Windhach Alp 
(6160'), to the upper end of the valley, then cross the stream 
again and at a (l'/4 hr.) guide-post recross it and ascend by a steep 
winding path to the (1^4 hr.) Krimmler Tauem (8640', on which 
is a cross and where a splendid view is obtained of the Dreiherrn- 
spitze, the Rbtspitze, and the Rieserferner. A few min. to the E. 
of the pass, on the Lausitzer Weg (see below), is the beautifully 
situated Neu - Gersdorfer Hutte (8530'; ^Inn, 10 beds at 4 and 9 
mattresses at 2 A'.,- luggage forwarded, see p. 190). 

ExcDRSiONS (tariff from the Xeu-Oer.'dorfer Hiitte; guide thither from 
Krimml lu A'.). The ^Olockenkarkopf {%b^'\ shelter-hut), reached by two 
marked paths in 2 hrs. (guide 5, with descent to the Birnliicken-Hiitte 6, 
to the Warnsd( rfer Hiitte S K), aQ' a magnificent panorama. Amonji 
other ascents are those of the Tmicmkopf (95(5': guide 6 K.), Pfaffenspitze 
(9425': 6 K.), Steinkarspitze (d325'; 6 A'.), Dreiecker (Feldnpilze, }j490'; 5 A".), 
Keeskarkopf (l!53U ; 6 A'.), Zillerplatienspitze (10,320'; 8 E.). and Rauchko/el 
(10,670'; marked path via the Heiligengeis^-Jochl in ca. 4 hrs ; see p. 4':^4). — 
Passes. To the E. by the Lausitzer Weg to the (2 hrs.) Birnliicke, and 
thence to the (2 hrs.) Warmdorfer Hulle (p. 193), easy and attractive (guide 
advisable in fresh snow). — Over the Windhach -^' chart e to the Richter- 
Hutte, see p. 191 ; over the Zillerplatten - Scharte to the Plauener Hiitte 
iiV2-5 hrs.; guide 7^.), see p. 239; over the Heiligengeist- Jochl to the 
Plauener Eiitte (new marked path in 3V2-4 hrs. ; very attractive), sec p. 239. 

From the Neu-Oersdorfer Hiitte, or direct from the top of the 
pass, a good bridle-path descends past the Herzogs-Brunnen (good 
spring) to tlie (1 hr.) Tauem Alp (6640'; milk) and the (1/2 l»r.) 
Trinksiein^ on the floor of the valley, where the path from the Birn- 
liKke (seep. 193) is joined on the left. The road begins at Mair's 
Inn zum Trinksiein (omnibus to Kasern thrice daily) and leads 
past the church of Heiligengeist (p. 483), on the other side of the 
valley, to (84 hr.) Kasern (p. 48 5). 

From the Krimmler TAUHiiNHAus via the Birnlvcke to 
Kasern, 7 hrs. (guide from Krimml 16, via the Warnsdorfer Hiitte 
18 K., not indispensable for experts), an interesting and much fre- 
quented route (easily combined with the descent via the Lausitzer 
Weg and the Neu-Gersdorfer Hiitte by taking 1 hr. longer). From 
the (25 min.) Unlass Alp (see above) we follow a marked bridle- 
path on the left bank of the Ache, passing the Jaidbach Alp and 
the Ausserkees Alp^ to the (IV4 hr.) Tnnerkees Alp (5910'). About 
20 min. farther on we ascend either ou the left via the Warns- 
dorfer Hiitte (p. 193) or to the right (S.W.), by the direct old path, 

WARNSDORFER HUTTE. Map,p.I96. — II.R.36. 19 

with a view of the great Krimmler Glacier, and 911 by a marked path 
(comp. below) to (2^/2 hrs. ) the Bimlucke (8765'). Splendid view 
from the Leitenschneide, 10 miu. to the lett. Below the pass, to 
the right, diverges the Lausitzer Weg to the Neu-Gersdorfer Hiitte 
(p. 192). Descent (with the Prettau and Lahner Glaciers on the left) 
to the (25 mill.) Bimliicken-Hntte 011 the Bcckeck (8135'; Inn, 20 
beds ; adm. 20 /«.) and thence by the Lahner Alp and the KthrerAlp to 
(13/4hr.) the Trinkstein (Mair's Inn, see p. 192) and (2/4 lir.) Kasern. 

From the Birnliicken-Hutte to. the Lenkjochl- Hiltle (p. 4^3) via the 
Hintere UmbaL-Torl, 5 lirs. with guide (6 A'.), not diiliculi for experts. — 
The ascent of the Dreihen-nepitze (11,50j'J, from the Birnlucken-Hiitte by 
the Lahner Glacier in i-i^/z hrs., with guide (13, with descent to the 
Klara-Hiitte 10 A'.), is laborious (comp. p. 199). 

Eeyond the (IV4 hr.) Innerkees Alp (p. 192) the bridle-path 
(marked; guide unnecessary) ascends to the left in zigzags to the 
[v/i hr.; 6 hrs. from Krimml) Warnsdorfer Hutte (7975'; *Inn. 
24 beds at 1.60-4 K.; luggage, see p. 190j, in a striking situation 
opposite the Krimmler Glacier, surrounded by a grand semicircle 
of snow-clad peaks (^the Schliet'erspitze, Sonntagskopf, Maurerkees- 
kopfe, Simonyspitzeu, and Dreihermspitze) ; to the W., the moun- 
tains of the Kiimmler Achen-Tal and the E. Zillertal (Keichen- 
spitze, etc.). 

A marked path (guide, desirable when there is I'resh snow. 3 A'.) leads 
from the hut to the (IV4 hr.) "Gaimspitzl (9500'; splendid view), beside 
the Krimmler- Tori (see below). — Modntai.v Ascents (guides' tariff cal- 
culated from the Warnsdorfer Hutte). Sonntagskopf llU,'285' ; 2V2 hrs. ; i^uide 
12 A".) and * SchUeferspitze (lU,79o'; 3V2 hrs.; 15 A.}, both easy; Qrost-Vene- 
diger {U.QiQf; 6-7 hrs.; 21 A), laborious; Oroise Geiger (11,040'; 6 bra.; 
19 a:.), Hintere Maurerkeeskopf (10,^80'; 4-5 hrs. ; ISA".), Simonyspitze (11,445'; 
5 hrs.; 30 A".), and Dreiherrnspi'.ze (11,500"; 6-7 hr?.; 21 A.), all diflicuU. — 
Passes. From the Warnsdorfer Hiitte by the Krimmler - Tori (9270'), or, 
better, by the Oamsspitzl (see above) and the Obersulzhach Glacier, to the 
Kursinger-HutU ip. 188; 3'/.' hrs.; guide 6 A^.), attractive and not difficult; 
over tbe Gamsspitzl and the Maurer-T'Jrl (10,185') to Prdgraten (p. 197), 
71/2 hrs. (guide 19 A".), not difficult when the snow is in good condition 
(club-path from the Maurer Glacier). A hi;ibly attractive two days' tour 
(15-16 hrs. ; not difficult under normal conditions) may be made from the 
Warnsdorfer Hiitte via the (IV4 br.) Gamsspitzl, (l»/4 hr.) Maurer- Tdrl, 
Maurer Glacier. Turml -Joch (IIOOO*; between the Kleine Geiger and the 
Tiirml), (1 hr.)Johannis-Ha'te, &/2 hr-i.) Defregger-Hulte (where the night 
is spent), (27^ hr.-;.) Gross- Venediger, (2'/s! hrs.) Kiirsinger-Hutte^ and back to 
the (3 hrs. J Warnsdorfer Hiitte. — Across the Bimlucke to Kasern (61/2 hrs. ; 
guide 8, via tbe ^'eu-Gersdorfer Hiitte 10 A'.), see above and p. 4S4. The 
upper 'Gletscherweg', diverging to the left ju.<>t below the hut, should 
nut be attempted without a guide; the marked 'Moranenweg', diverging 
the left from the bridle-path 20-25 min. lower dov.n, is easy. 

37. From Lienz to Windisch-Matrei and Pragraten. 
The Isel-Tal. 

Diligence from Lienz to Windisch-Matrei (I8V2 M.) twice daily in 
summer (at 6 and 9.15 a.m.) in 4-5'/< hrs. (fare SAT., to Hnben 2K.)\ also 
Omnibus twice daily (at 10 a.m. and 6 p.m.) from the Sonne Hotel. — 
One-horse carr. to Windisch-Matrei (4 hrs.) 15, two-horse 26 A". ,• to Huben 
9 or 16, St. Johann im Wald 7 or M K. 

Baedekee's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 13 

194 II. E. 37. — Maps, pp:404, 186. W.-MATREI. From Lims 

Lienz (2220')y» see p. 474. The road passes Schloss Bruck 
(p. 474), crosses to the left bank of the Isel, and then leads through 
scanty wood, leaving Ober- Lienz on the right (in the background to 
the left the Eicham OUicier in the Isel-Tal is visible). Beyond (5 M.) 
Ainet [Schneeberger; Egger) the road leads straight on along the Isel, 
passing Bad Weierbury and Vnter-Leibnig, to (8 M.) St. Johann im 
Wald (2400'; ^Vereiner's Inn), where we recross the stream. 

Excursions (guides, p. 474). The Weisse Wand or Rudnig (7970'), a 
good point of view, is ascended by a path, indicated by red marks, in 
5 hrs. (fatiguing; guide 10 A'.), via. Mic/telbach. — The Hochschober (10,665'-, 
.s hrs.-, laborious; guide IQ K.) commands a superb view. From St. Johann 
we ascend rapidly to the E. throuuh the wooded Leibnig - Tal to the 
(3V2 hrs.) Leib/itger Alp (6190') and to the (11/4 hr.) Nassfeld (7605'), and 
thence over debris to (1 hr.) the Qartel- Scharte (8575'), beside the little 
Oai'tel-See, and across the S.E. arete to the (2 hrs.) top. The descent may 
be made to the Lienzer-HiiUe in the Dehant-Tal or through the Lesack-Tal 
to Kals (see pp. 475, 203). 

The road passes (1/2 hr.) the ruined Kienburg^ and then crosses 
the Isel by a new bridge (shortest way to the Kaiser Tal, 3/^ hr. 
shorter than via Huben, see below). Farther on to the left, 10 min. 
above the road (guide-board j, is the * Glockner-Ansicht, affording a 
striking view of the Gross-Glockner. We then cross the Schwarzach 
to (12 M.) Huben (2800'; *Zur Hube, 24 beds from 2 K.'), a hamlet 
at the mouth of the Defereggen- Tal (p. 485). Ascent of the Rotten- 
kogel, see p. 195. 

From Huben to Kals through the Kaiser Tal, 3V2hrs., a cart-track, 
hardly suitable for driving. We turn to the right beyond the inn and 
traverse meadows to a (2 min.) bridge over the Isel. Then through 
wood, ascending to the left at a (20 min.) but, to Q/2 hr.) Ober-Peitchlach 
(3470'; the village remains to the left), where the route turns into the Kaiser 
Tal. Beyond this point the track is generally good, ascending slightly 
and at places skirting the profound ravine of the foaming Kaiser-Bach. 
Near (40 min.) Straniska (3605'), a magnificent view of the Gross-Glockner, 
with the Olocknerw^and and the Kodnitz and Teischnitz Glaciers, is dis- 
closed. The valley expands at (40 min.) Haslach (3600'; inn); to the right 
a fine waterfall. Farther on we observe numerous traces of the ravages 
of mud-torrents, which sometimes destroy the path in rainy weather. To 
the right, at the entrance to the Lesach-Tal (p. 203), lies the hamlet of 
Letach (in the background the Glodis and Ganot). Farther on the path 
crosses the deposits of a torrent and soon reaches (1 hr.) Kals. 

The road from Huben now gradually ascends through wood on the 
right bank of the Isel, and crosses it to — 

18'/., M. Windisch-Matrei (3200': *ZMm Rauter, 40 beds at 1-2, 
pens. 5-6^.,- Wohlgemuth, 17 beds from \K., Weisses Rossi, both 
plain but good; Schneeberger ; R. and B. at Fr. Wibmer's), the chief 
village (640 inhab.) in the Isel-Tal, the upper part of which is 
called the Virgen-Tal, near its junction with the Tauern-Tal (see 
p. 195). The Bretterwand-Bach ^ noted for its destructive floods, 
flows through the village between massive stone embankments. — 
To the N. is the (1/4 hr.) finely situated Schloss Weissenstein (3410'; 
*Pension, recommended for a stay, 77-91 K. weekly; no restaurant 
for passing tourists), with grounds and well-made paths through 
the wood. 

toPrdgraUn. GSCHLOSS. Maps,pp. 186,196. — II. R. 37. 195 

Excursions (guides, Joh. Untersteiner. Vimenz Gamer, Alex. Wibme)\ 
Joh. and Karl Amoser, Joh. Eder. Peter Stacker, Anton Steiner., Ant. Presslaher, 
and Tobias. Josef, and Alois Trost). To the Tauernbach-Klamm (Prosegg- 
Klatnm), as far as (U/4hr. ; blue marks) a view-point below the imposing; 
Steiner Fall (see t.elovv). A new path leads hence through the Toten-Klamm 
(tunnel . TU' long) and joins the Tauern path farther up. — Past (8/4 hr.) 
the church of St. Nikolaus (restored frescoes) and the Ouggenberg Farms to 
the (3/4 hr.; guide 3 JT., unnecessary) Lukas-Kireuz (41U0'), commanding 
a view of the Lasorling and the glaciers at the head of the Virgen-Tal. 
A more extensive view is obtained from the Reiterboden (7515'), ascended 
by a club -path from the Lukas-Kreuz in S'/z brs. (guide 6 Z"., not in- 

The "Kals - Matreier Tori (7235'; p. 200), a splendid point of view, 
is ascended in 3'/2 brs. ; guide unnecessary (5, to Kals 9 K.^. — The 
~K.ottenkogel (9055'; 6 hrs. ; guide 11 iT., unnecessary for experts) is reached 
in 2Y2 brs. from the Tori (path marked in red). The ascent may be made 
also from Huben (p. 194), via Ober-Peischlach and the KegeUtein, in G hrs., 
with guide. — An excellent view is obtained from the Nussingkogel (9805'; 
6 hrs. with guide, 14 K. ; faliguing but interesting). The bridle path ascends, 
partlv through wood, pa^t Schloss Weissenstein to the (3 brs.) Aeussere 
Steiner Alp (b320' ; beds). Thence to the N., passing the Ti-ugenkopfl (8595'). 
to the (3 hrs.) summit. — The Groase Muntanitz (10,600'; 7-8 brs.; guide 
il K.), the highest peak between the Dt)rfer-Tal and the Tauern-Tal, is 
faliguing but attractive. The as>.-cnt leads from the (3 hrs.) Aeussere Steiner 
Alp over steep shpes of grass and debris and finally for 2 brs. over the 
Oradotz Glacier. Descent in 41/2 hrs. to Eals (p. 202; 'guide 20 .ff.). — The 
Eendlspitze (10,125'; 7 hrs.: guide ISA'.), a difficult rock-climb, commands 
a fine view. — The Zunigspitze (9o85'; 5 hrs. ^ guide 10 A".), the E. peak 
of the ridge between the Defereg'^en-Tal and tht; Virgener Tal, is attractive. 
— The Kristallkopf (9865'; ii-7 hrs.; guide 14 K.), ascended via Zedlach and 
the Mitteldorfer Tal, ^is difficult but repaying. 

To *G8chl68S, 0-51/2 hrs. (guide 6, there and back 9, to the 
Prager Hiitte 11 and 18, overnight 20 K.; horse to theTauernhausl4, 
to Gschloss 18.^.). a fine excursion. A bridle-path ascends through 
the Tauern-Tal towards the N., passing Scfdoss Weissenstein (p. 194) 
on the right, and after 20 miii. crosses to the right bank of the 
Tauemhach, wliich here issues from the Tauernhach-Klaram (see 
above). Beyond Prose^j; (fine retrospect of Windisch-.Matrei; opposite 
us, on the left bank, the beautiful Steiner Fall, and high up the 
houses of Stein) the path reaches (i/o hr.) a chapel and, passing 
through a fine valley, returns In 1/4 hr. to the left bank of the Ache. 
About 1/2 lir. farther on, the huts of Qruhen (3725') are seen to the 
left at the mouth of the Frossnitz-Tal. Thence the path gradually 
ascends, crossing the brook twice, to the (2/4 hr.) hamlet oiRane- 
hurg (4215') and the (V2 hr.) Landeck-Scige (4365'5 Inn, 18 beds). 
at the mouth of the (E.) Landeck-TaL through which an inter- 
esting pass leads across the Granat-Scharte (9735') to the (7 hrs.) 
Rudolfs- Hiitte (see p. 186). Then acros.^ the Landeckbach and up 
the left bank of the Tauernbach, occasionally through wood, passing 
the.Hofer Alp (opposite which is the Schild Alp\ to the (II/4 hr.) 
Matreier Tanemhaus (4925'; plain inn, 14 beds). The Tauern path 
(p. 196) diverges to the right at the Ganzer Alp, I/4 hr. farther on; 
we, however, keep straight on, cross a bridge (fine fall of the Tauern- 
bach. with the Venediger in the background), and reach the rhalets 


196 //. Route 37. VENEDIGER. From Lienz 

of Atisser-Gschloss and (34 hr.) Inner-Gschloss (5530'; *Schn€eberger < 
Venedigerhaus, 26 beds at 2-3 K.). The crevassed Schlaten Glacier 
here descends into the verdant valley, overshadowed by the Klein- 
Venediger, the Gross -Venediger, the Schwarze Wand, and the 
Kristallwand. To the right, separated from this glacier by the 
Kesselkopf, is the Viltragen Glacier. The chapel hewn in a huge 
Idock of gneiss is interesting. 

Excursions (guides must be brought from WindiscL-Matrei, p. 195). 
The Rote Saule t98'2o'; 3V2-4 hrs. with guide, from Gschloss QK.), not 
difficult; good view of the Venediger. The descent may be made to the 
Hollersboch-Tal (p. 187). — From Gschloss a direct path (marked) leads to 
the Felber Tauern (see below). — Over the Sandeben-Torl or the Weissenegger 
Sdiarte (guide 19 K.) to HoUersbach, see p. 187; over the Unter-Sulzbach-Tdrl 
to the Kilrsingei'-Hutle (guide 24 A'.), see p. 188. 

The ■Gross -Venediger (12,010'), 6V2-7V2 hrs. from Inner-Gschloss, an 
easy ascent for experts (couip. p. 197). Guides (one suffices for 1-3 pers.) from 
Windisch-Matrei -'4, with descent to the Kiirsinger-Iliitte 26, to the Warns- 
dorfer Hiitte 32, to the Habach-Hiitte 30 K. Beyond Inner-Gschloss we skirt 
the right bank of the Gschlossbach and then ascend by a good path over 
grassy slopes and moraines to t2V2-3 hrs.) the old Frag'er Butte (8140'-, dis- 
used) and thence in 1 hr. to the new Prager Hiitte (92C©' ; "Inn, 20 beds at 5 
and 24 mattresses at 2 K. ; adm. 40 ft.), grandly situated at the foot of the 
Hintere Kesselkopf (9f)30'-, interesting ascent of 25 min.). Hence (starting at 
3 a.m., with lanterns) we ascend along the rocky slope of the Kesselkopf 
to the Niedere Zaun (9700') and thence up slopes of neve. The Klein-Vene- 
diger (11,420') remains on the right. The Rainerhorn (p. 197) soon becomes 
visible on the S. •, then, facing us, the rounded crest of the Gross-Venediger, 
which is reached on the S.E. side in 3-3V2 hrs. from the Prager Hutte. It 
is not advisable to go to the extreme and highest point of the long snow- 
dad crest on account of the overhanging masses of snow. The *View is 
most magnificent and extensive. — Descent to Pkagraten : we traverse 
the neve of the Schlaten Glacier to the Rainer-Torl (p. 198), and cross the 
Rainer Glacier to the (IV2 hr.) Defregger-Haus (comp. p. 197; to Pragraten, 
5 hrs.). — To THE Ober-Sulzbagh-Tal or Kbimmler-'I'al, an easy descent 
by the Venediger-Scharte^ the Unter-Sulzbach Glacier, the Zwischen-Sulzbach- 
Tot-l (9445'), and the Ober-Sulzbach Glacier (the last with some broad cre- 
vasses, see p. 188), at first over gentle snow-slopes, and then (for the last 
3/4 hr.) across moraine and rock to the (3 hrs.) KUrsinger- Hutte (p. 188). 
"■ihence we descend (guide unnecessary) to (5 hrs.) Neukirchen (p. 1^8), or 
(with guide) over the Erimmier Tdrl (Gamstpitzl) to the (3V2-4 hrs.) Wavns- 
dorfer Hiitte (p. 193). 

From the Prager Hiitte over the Kestel - Tori (9360') to the Viltragen 
Glacier, and thence over the Schwarzkopf-Scharte or the Habach-Scharte to 
the (5 hr.«.) Habach- Hiitte, see p. 188 (guide from Windisch-Matrei, with as- 
cent of the Venediger, 30 K). 

From the MatreiebTadernhaus via the Felber Tadkbn to Mitteesii.l, 
71/2-8 hrs. (guide, advisable fur the inexperienced, from Windisch-BIatrei 18, 
to Schiisswend or Spital \i K.). The bridle-path (marked, stakes at the 
head of the pass) diverges from the path to Gschloss at the (20 min.) 
Gamer Alp and ascends steeply to the right, affording a fine view of the 
Schlaten Glacier and the Venediger, to the (IV4 hr.) Zirben-Kreuz (6505'), 
where it is joined on the left by a path from Gschloss; it then follows 
the left bank of the Tauernbach, past a ruined shelter-hut, to the (IV2 hr.) 
Felber or Velber Tauern (8350'; St. Poltener Hiitte projected). The view 
here is limited, but the Tauernkogel (9795'; guide Z K. extra), to the W., 
ascended from the Tauern in IV2 hr. by experts, commands a splendid 
prospect. The path crosses snow and debris and descends steeply (new 
bridle-path) on the left side of the valley, beneath the precipices of the 
Freiwand (leaving the small Plattsee on the left), to the Nassfeld, whence 
we proceed on the right side of the valley. The path then runs high on 





to Pruyraten. PKAGRATEN. II. Route 31. 197 

the slope of the Schrankleiteu. passing a dilapidated shepherd's hut (tlie 
Hintevsee. 4305', lying below, to the left), to (1 hr.) a cros«, whence it descends 
to the left in steep zigzags to the SchSnau Alp and thence down the Felber- 
Tal to (1> 2 hr.) the Tavenihaus Snital (3850 and the (1/4 hr.) Tauernhaus 
Schossuieyid (3290; plain inn at each). Thence we may proceed either by 
the path through the valley or (shorter and more interesting) through the 
Schosswend-Klamml to (13/4 hr.) Mittersill (p. 186). 

From Wixdisch-Matrki to thb. Virgen-Tal. A rough road 
leads to (11 M.) Pragraten (horse 10. porter bK.^. The road crosses 
the Tauernbach and ascends through wood on the left bank of the 
Isel, via Mitteldorf^ to (5 xM.) Virgen (3910'; Zum Panzl, plain but 
good), a village with 300 inhabitants. On the hill to the right is the 
ruin of Rabenstein (4625'); to the left (S.W.) the Lasorling. 

The Lasorling (10,160'; 6-7 hrs. ; guides, Alois and Jos. Gasser, Paul 
Retinger, and Joh. Wurnitsch, 14, to St. Jakob IS Jf.) is fatiguing, but attract 
ive. From (V4 t"".) Welzelach (see below) we proceed to the S. through the 
Mullitz-Tal to the (2 hrs.) Stadler-Hiitte. on the Rainer Alp (5905'; inn); 
then round the Rossleiten-Eofie (8600') to the right into the rocky valley of 
the Olaurat, and over a slope of detritus to the S. base of the peak, wliicii 
is attained after a laborious ascent of 3'/2-4 hr.^. vis the S.W. arSte. Im- 
posing view. Descent to St. Jakob over the Prdgrater Tdrl, see pp. 198, 485. 
— The Mullitz-Torl, see p. 19^. 

The cart-track to (51/4 ^0 Pragraten leads on the right bank of 
the Isel via (2'/4 M.) Welzelach (3670'). The footpath from Virgen 
by (20 min.) Obermauer (4605'), with its old pilgrimage -church, 
running high up on the N. slope, and descending through wood to 
(50 min.) Bobojach and (40 min.) Pragraten, is preferable. 

3 M. Pragraten (4305'; Steiner ; Ploner, unpretending), 
prettily-situated village (311 inhab.). 

Mountain Ascents (guides: Thomas Berger, Johann and Joseph Sieiner\ 
Anton Krdll., Franz and Andrd Leitner, Andrd Mariacher. Ferd. Kratzer, Jakob 
Trojer, and Joh. Pichler). The Bergerkogel (8715' •, 4 hrs. with guide, 7 K.t 
commands a very fine view, particularly of the Venediger group. "We ascend 
to the S., through the Zopatnitzen-Tal, to the (2V2 hrs.) Berger See (7135'), 
and in IV2 hr. more to the top. — Similar view from the Toinig (872(J'; 
4 hrs. with guide, 8 K^, between the Lasnitz-Tal and the Kleinbach- Tal. 

The Lasorling (10,160'; 6V2-7 hrs. with guide. IG K.) may be ascended 
from Pragraten by the Prdgrater Tffrl (difficult^-, better from Welzelach and 
through the Mullitz-Tal (see ab'>ve). 

The -Gross -Venediger (12,010'; guide 18, with descent to the Prager 
Hutte orKiirsinger-Hutte 22, to the Warnsdorfer-Hutte 28, to the Habach- 
Hiitte 30 £".), a most interesting ascent of 8-9 hrs., and not difficult for 
adepts. We follow the cart-track through the valley to the W. (p. 198) and 
ascend to the right either at the (V2 hr.) guide-post beside a crucifix, 
whence a footpath leads to the bridle-path, or at (3/4 hr.) Einterbichl (4365'), 
where the bridle-path (guide-boards) into the Kleine Isel-Tal or Dor/er-Tal 
begins. Near its mouth this valley forms a deep gully; on the left rise the 
precipices of the Schliisselspitze and the Niklaskopf. The IsUtzbach with its 
numerous falls remains on the left, and farther on rushes through a wild 
subterranean gorge (the *Gumpach Fall). Near the (2 hrs.) Gumpach-Kreuz 
(6425*) a view is suddenly disclosed of the Gross- Venediger, Hohe Aderl, 
Rainerhorn, and the Dorfer, Rainer. and Mullwitz glaciers. Then past_ a 
herdsmans hut to (V2 hr.) the small JohannisHiitte, on the Dorfer Alp (6855'; 
Inn, 6 mattresses). Beyond the hut we ascend to the right over slopes of 
turf, detritus, and rock, and skirt the Kapiinizach- Kdpjl (9195') towards the 
right (the Zettalunitz Glacier lies to the right, the extensive Dorfer Glacier 
below, to the left) to the (2V2 hrs.) Defregger-Haus (9710'; Inn. 9 mattresses 
at 3 Jr., adm. 60 A.), finely situated on the Mullwitz- Aderl (10,636'), a rocky 

19S J 1. R. 37. — Map, p. 196. MAURER-TAL. From Lienz 

crest between the Mullwitz and Rainer Glaciers. We now descend to the 
Rainer Glacier, and ascend across it to the Rainer-TSrl (11,245'), between 
the Hobe Aderl and the Rainerhorn, and over neve to the (2V2 hrs.) summit. 
— Descent by the Schlaten Glacier to the Prager Hiitte^ see p. 196; to the 
Kilrsinger-Hiltte or the Warmdorfer Hiitte, see pp. 188. 193. 

P.\ssES. From Prageatex to the Kursingeb-Hotte over the Ober- 
Stlzbaou-Tobl (8 hrs. ; guide IB, to Neukirchen 24 .S^.). From the (3 hrs.) 
.Toliannis-Hiitte (p. 197) we cross the gradually-sloping Dorfer Glacier to the 
(3 hrs.) Ober-Sulzbach-Torl (9600') : admirable view of the N. side of the 
Venediger group, to the left the Sonntagskopf and Schlieferspitze, to the 
right the Keeskogel. (The attractive excursion from Pragraten to the 
Tori and back takes 10 hrs. ; guide 12 K.) Descent, steep and fatiguing, 
over the Ober-Sulzbach Glacier, and then to the right, above its fall ('Tiirk- 
i?che Zeltstadf), to the (2 hrs.) Kiirsingev-HUtte (p. 188). 

To the Warnsdorfer Hutte bt the Ober-Sdlzbach-Torl and Krim.m- 
lef; ToRL (9hrs. ; guide 17 A'.). From the (6 hrs.) Ober- Suhbach-Tdrl (sec 
above) we proceed to the left across the Ober-Sulzbach Glacier, and below 
the Grosse Geiger and the Maurerkeeskopfe, to the (2 hrs.) Gamsspitzl (9500') 
above the Krimmler TSrl., whence we descend to the (3/4 br.) Waittsdorfer 
untie (p. 193). 

To THE Warnsdorker HCtte via the Maurer-Torl, without difficulty 
;ind highly attractive (9 hrs.; guide 20 K.'). The -Maurer-Tal, to the W. of 
the Kleine Isel-Tal (p. 197) and parallel with it, is well worthy of notice. 
We follow the Isel-Tal as far as (I'A hr.) Streden (p. 199), cross the 
Maurerbach, and enter the valley to the right; 8 min., the Maurer Alp; 
cross the brook to the (1/4 hr.) Goriach Alp (iTlO*); then ascend gradually 
on the left bank. As soon as the forest-zone is quitted a beautiful amphi- 
theatre of ."snow-mountains and glaciers is disclosed: to the W., the Malham- 
spitze and Gubachspitze , between them the Reggen-Torl; N.W. . the 
Simonyspitze; N.. the Maurerkeeskopfe and Grosse Geiger; E., the Grosse 
Happ and Kleine Geiger. We next pass (l^/* hr.) a shepherd'a hut (6405') 
and ascend the grass-slopes and moraine-deposits to the (IV4 hr.) tongue of 
the Maurer Glacier (74'^o'). The route traverses the gradually -ascending 
Maurer Glacier, and finallv mounts a rocky slope 100' in height, to the 
(21/2 hrs.) Maurer-Torl (10, 1*^5'), between the Hintere Maurerkeeskopf (10,880') 
and the Grosse Geiger (11,040'; a difficult ascent from the Maurer Glacier). 
Then a walk (to the left) of 1 hr. across the Ober-Sulzbach Glacier to the 
Gamsspitzl and down to the [}/i hr.) Warnsdorfer Hiitte (p. 193). 

Reggen-Torl. From the upper part of the Maurer-Tal we ascend to 
the left, over the slopes of the Dellacher Keesflecken, to the Simony Glacier., 
and follow the margin of the S. arm of the glacier, steep at places, to the 
(51/2-6 hrs. from Streden) Reggen-T6rl (10,030'), a pass between the Malham- 
spitze and the S. Gubachspitze. Fine survey of the Dreiherrnspitze and the 
Umbal Glacier. Gradual descent of 3 hrs. by the latter to the Klara-Hutte 
in the Umbal -Tal (p. 199). Those bound for Prettau may go direct from 
the Reggen-Torl to the (IV2 hr.) Hintere Umbal- Tori (p. 200) and the (li/a hr.) 
Lenkjochl-HUtte (p. 483; guide to Kasern IS K.). 

The Defereggen-Tal may be reached from Pragraten by the Defer- 
egger Tori, the Prdgrater Tori., or the Bachlenke. The path (marked) to 
the first (uninteresting ; to St. Jakob 8 hrs. ; guide 15 K.) ascends from 
(1 hr.) Welzelach (p. 197) to the S. through the Mullitz-Tal to the (2 hrs.) 
atadler - Hiitte (p. 197) and along the S.E. base of the Lasorling (p. 197). 
It then turns to the left, crosses the brook, and ascends abruptly to the 
(2V2 hrs.) Deferegger Tori or Mixllitz - Tori (8585'), whence we obtain a 
view of the Venediger behind us. Descent to the right into the wooded 
Froditz-Tal, to (2 hrs.) Bruggen and (1 hr.) St. Jakob (p. 485). — From 
Pragraten to St. Jakob over the Prftgrater T6rl (9240'), 8 hr.«. (guide 15 A'.), 
fatiguing. We ascend the Lasniizen - Tal by a marked path to the (5 hrs.) 
pass, S.W. of the Lasdrling, which may be scaled hence by experts in 
2 hrs. (see p. 197); descent into the Togisch-Tal and to (3 hrs.) St. Jakob 
(p. 485). — The route oyer the Bachlenke is finer^ hrs. ; marked pathj 

toPragraten. UMBAL-TAL. Map, p. 106. — IL R.37. 199 

guide, not indispensable, 15 A'.). From Prigraten we ascend the valley to 
the (IV2 hr.) Pthell Alp (see below), above which we turn to the left, cross 
the Isel , and mount through the picturesque Grosshach-Tal . with its 
waterfalls, to the Lower Alp. Thence a steep ascent (on the left a line 
waterfall) to the Upper Alp. and over slopes of turf and debris to the (3',;; hrs.) 
Bachlenke (or Trojer-Torl ; 85T5'), between the Gosleswand and the Graue 
Wand. Shortly before reaching the top of the pass we enjoy a beautiful 
retrospect of the Venediger and Dreiherrnspitze. We descend, at first turn- 
ing to the right and passing the small Bodensee on the left, into the upper 
Trojeralm-Tal (on the left the Alplesspitze and Seespitze), follow the steep 
grassy slopes on the left side of the valley (path soon improving) to the 
Upper and Lower Trojer Alp (5960'), and traverse the picturesque and narrow 
valley to (3 hrs.) St. Jakob. 

The path to the Umbal-Tal, or highest region of the Isel-Tal 
(from Pragraten to the Klara-Hiitte 4 hrs.; guide, unnecessary for 
adepts, 7 K,') leads past the Bichl, crossing the Islitzbach (p. 197) 
at the houses of (8/4 hr.) Hinterbichl, to (25 min.) Streden (4605'), 
the last farm, at the mouth of the Maurer-Tal (p. 198; in the 
background rise the Maurerkeeskopfe). At the Pehtll Alp (4975'), 
V2 hr. farther on, the path crosses the Isel (to the left the fall of 
the Kleinbach, 330 ft. high; 10 min. farther on the beautiful fall 
of the Orossbach, see above). A steeper ascent, through wood, 
passing a fine fall of the Isel on the left , brings us to a higher 
region of the valley. After 1 hr. we cross the Isel by the Lessensteg 
(6120') and follow a narrow path on the steep grassy slopes of the 
left bank, passing a (1/2 hr.) stone hut (6*245'). To the left opens 
the Daber - Tal (p. 200) , at the head of which rise the Toten- 
karspitze and the Panargenspitze, with their glacier; facing us is 
the Rotspitze. The path now crosses a rocky barrier to the (3/^ hr.) 
Klara-Hutte of the Prague Alpine Club (6900'; Inn, 3 beds at 5, 
and 10 mattresses at 2K.; adni. during the day 40ft.). About V2 hr. 
higher the magnificent Umbal Glacier (not visible from the hut) 
descends into the valley. 

MoCNTAiN Ascents (guides' tariff from Pragraten, see p. 197). The 
*Dreihermspitze (11,500'-, 5V2-6hrs.; guide 22 K.) is fatiguing, and fit only 
for experienced mountaineers. We first cross the lower and nearly level 
part of the Umbal Glacier (I1/2 hr.), then ascend the grassy and rocky slopes 
of the Schlaitner Keesfiecken to the upper region of the glacier, and cross 
the latter to the right, below i\xe Althaus- Schneide. Lastly a steep ascent 
to a rock projecting towards the S.W. , which we mount (with caution 
owing to its friable nature) to a snowy plateau immediately below the 
summit, whence we reach the top by traversing a snowy arete. The descent 
may be made by the Hintere Umbal-Torl to the Lenkjochl-EuUe and to Katern 
(p. 483; guide 24 or 28 A'.), or by the crevassed Lahner Glacier to the Birn- 
liicken-Bulte (p. 193). 

The •Rotspitze (Welitz; 11,470'; 5-6 hrs.; guide 18, with descent to the 
Lenkjcichl-Hiitte 24. to Kasem or Jagdhaus 26 K.), is also toilsome. The 
Isel is crossed to the W. of the Klara-Hiitte, and the steep grassy slopes 
are ascended in zigzags, the end of the Welitz Glacier being avoided by 
keeping to the left. The neve of the glacier is then ascended (rather steep) 
in the direction of the gap between the Daberspitze and the Rotspitze, 
before reaching which we ascend to the right across the S. arete to the 
broad rocky summit. — Descent across the N.W. arete (wire-ropes) and 
the Rot Glacier to the (2 hrs.) Lenkjbchl- Hlitte fp. -183); or to the S.W. 
across the Welitz-Seharte (10,545') and the Schwarzarh Glacier to the (3V2 brs.) 
Jagdhaut Alp (see p. 481; for experts only). 

200 U. R. 37. — Map, p. 196. UMBAL-TORL. 

The Simonyspitze (W. peak. 11,445'; 5-6 hrs. ; gnide 24. with descent 
to theWarnsdorferHiitteSOi'.) the Malhamapitze (11,065'; 4-5 hrs.; guide 
16. wilh descent to Kasern 26 K.), and the Daberspitze {Hohe Sdule, 11,180; 
6-7 hr.'?. ; guide 22, with descent to the Jagdhaus Alp 28 K.) may also be 
ascended from the Klara-Hiitte. 

Passes. Ovek the XJmbal-Torl to Kasern. 6 hrs., a remarkably fine 
route, somewhat trying (guide 15, to the Lenkjochl-Hiitte 12, to the Birn- 
liicken-Hiitte 16, to the Neu-Gersdorfer Hiitte 18 A'.). From the Klara-Hiitte 
we ascend the Umbal-'Tal for about 3/4 hr., then (finger-post) turn to the left 
and traverse the Umbal Glacier (V2-V4 ^r.), the first part only being some- 
what steep. On the W. side of the glacier we ascend abruptly over debris 
iind rock and finally over snow to the (2 hrs.) Vordere TJmbal-Torl (9605'), to 
the S. of the Ahrner-Kopf {\^fi\fy:, ascended from the Tori in 25 min. ; repay- 
ing). During the whole ascent we enjoy magnificent views of the Umbal 
Glacier, the Dreiherrnspitze, Simonyspitze, Gubachspitze, and Malham- 
spit/.e; from the top the long chain of the Zillertal Alps becomes visible 
to the W. Descent by the Windtal to Kasern (2V2 hrs.), see p. 488; or, 
better, over debris and the crevassed Windtal Glacier to the (IV4 hr.) 
LenkjocM-Hutte (p. 483 1. — The passage of the Hintere Umhal-Torl (9350') 
also is free from danger, and presents no difficulty when the snow is in 
good condition (guide to Kasern 15, to the Birnliicken- Hiitte 16 K.). We 
cross the Umbal Glacier and ascend a snowy slope, between the Schlaitner 
Kee^/lecken and the Ahrner-Kopf, to the (2Vj hrs.) Tori. Descent by the 
Win'd/al, at first steep, to (3 hrs.) Kasern (p. 483), or (preferable) to the 
left across the R6t Glacier to the (2 hrs.) Lenkjdchl-Hiitte (p. 4'^'3). Travellers 
bound for Krimml proceed fmm the Hintere Umbal-Torl via the Althaus- 
Schneide and the Lahner Glacier direct to the Birnliicken- Hiitte (p. 193). 

Laborious routes (for experts only; guide 16 A".) lead through the wild 
Daber-Tal (p. 199) and over the Rotenmann - Tbrl OSSO*), between the 
Rotenmannspitze (10.090') and the Totenkarspiize (10,230'), to the (5 hra. from 
the Klara-Hiitte) Seehach Alp (p. 486). or over the Schwarze Tori (9650'), 
to theN., between the Rotenmannspitze and the Torlspifze (10,015'), to the 
Hchwarzach-Tal and the (5 hrs.) Jagdhaus Alp (p. 481). 

38. From Windisch-Matrei to Kals and Heiligenblut. 

To Kals from Windisch-Matrei the most attractive route is by the 
Kals-Afatreier Tori (bridle-path, to the Tori 3-3V2, to Kals 5-51/2 hrs. ; guide 
9 jr., unnecessarv; horse to the Tori 12 K). — From Lienz to Kals, 7 hrs. ; 
road as far as Huben (p. 194); then a bridle-path through the Kaiser Tal 
(p. 194). — From Uttendorf in the Pinzgau to Kals over the Kalt-Stuhacher 
Tauern. 12 hrs., an interesting route (better in two days, with a night at 
the Rudolfs-Hiitte. see p. 185; guide 'XI K.). — From Heiligenblut ta Kals 
by the Berger-Torl, Vh hrs. (see p. 204). 

Windisch-Matrei (3200'), seep. 194. Passing the post-office we 
ascend the pilgrimage -path, go straight past the (20 min.) chapel, 
and a cross, and ascend to the right at the (^/a^^-) houses of Klaunz. 
Farther on we pass (40 min.) a guide-post and continue to ascend, 
through wood and past a small chapel, keeping ahove the gorge of 
the Bretterxuand-Bach. In 40 min. we cross the Goldriedbach and 
in 25 min. more emerge from the wood. The path becomes steeper 
and ascends to the right over turf, crosses the brook twice (above, 
the inn at the Tori comes in sight), and mounts in zigzags, partly 
through wood, to (1 hr. ; 3-3V2 ^^s. from Windisch -Matrei) the 
*Kal8-Matreier Tori (7235'; plain inn). Splendid view of the 
Venediger, Glockner, and Schober groups (comp. the annexed 

KALS-MATREIER TORL. Map, p. 196, — II. B. 38. 201 

202 JL R. 38. —Map, p. 196. KALS. From W.-Matrei 

A much finer view is obtained from the second height, to the S. of the 
Tori, with a trigonometrical column, easily reached by following the crest 
of the hill for 1 hr. (guide unnecessary). —Ascent of the Rottenkogel i%5b' ;, 
red way-marks), in 2V2 hrs., see p. 195. 

The path to (I3/4 hr.) Kals descends towards the left and 
then leads through wood. At the bottom of the valley, avoiding the 
path to the left which leads first to the Grossdorf, a circuit of 
1/4 hr., we hold to the right straight towards the church at the 
lower (S.) end of Kals (better enquire about the way before leaving 
the Tori). Then, descending to the Kaiser Bach, we cross the 
bridge, and descend along the left bank either to the right to the 
Glocknerwirt, or ascend to the left to the Oberwirt. 

Kals (4335'; Glocknerwirt Johann Oroder, 30 beds at 1 K. 60 h., 
plain but good, with the interesting 'Glocknerbuch', containing 
accounts of early ascents from Kals; Oberwirt '■Zum Alpenverein\ 
30 beds at 1 ^. 8O/1.), a village of 1046inhab., pleasantly situated 
in a broad basin, is a good starting-point for expeditions among the 
Glockner group. 

Guides: Andrd Hiitter, Johann and Alois Kerer, Joh. Unterweger, Josef 
and Joh. Oroder, Rup. Entstrasser, Rup. Figer, Peter Schneider, Paul and 
Stefan Schnell, Veit Oberlohr, and Peter Seeber. An extra charge of 3 K. is 
made when a night is spent in the Erzherzog-Johann-liiitte on the Adlers- 
ruhe, and of 4 Z'. when a night is spent in the Glocknerhaus on the 
Elisabethruhe, the Haritzer-Haus, or the Kudolfs-Hiitte. 

The ascent of the *Gross-Glockner (12,460'; to the Stiidl-Hutte 
by a marked bridle-path 4-41/2 hrs., to the top d^/2-^ hrs. more; 
f^ulde 21, with descent by the Hofmannsweg to the Glocknerhaus 
30 A'.) from Kals is shorter and less difficult than that from Heiligen- 
blut (p. 208), but is recommended to experts only. A bridle-track leads 
past the church and ascends the Kodnitz-Tal to the farms of (1 hr. 
10 min.) Groder (5640'), where we take to the left. In 25 min. we 
cross the Kodnitzbach (guide-board indicating the route to the right 
to the Berger-Torl, p. 204). Beyond the (40 min.) Jorgen-Hutte 
(6425') a club-path (leaving the Luckner-Hxitte on the right, see 
p. 203) ascends the slope of the Freiwand to the (2^2 hrs.) Studl- 
Hiitte, on the Vanitscharte (9195'), erected by Hr. Studl of Prague 
in 1868 and subsequently enlarged (/wn, 7 beds at 4, and 15 mat- 
tresses at 2 K.y Fine view of the Ampezzo Dolomites to the S.W., 
beyond the Kaiser Tori. If we ascend the Freiwand to the S. for a 
short distance, we obtain a view of the peak of the Glockner to the 
N., apparently quite near; to the N.E. are the Kodnitz Glacier and 
the Adlersruhe; to the W. is the Teischnitz-Tal, with the Teischnitz 
Glacier. — From the Stiidl-Hiitte there are two routes to the sum- 
mit. The old route ('Alte Kaiser Weg') ascends to the N., over 
de^bris, to the Teischnitz Glacier, crosses the ridge of the Luisengrat 
to the Kodnitz Glacier, and ascends the latter, which becomes steep 
towards the end, to the (21/4 hrs.) Erzherzog-Johanii-Hutte on the 
Adlersruhe (11,365'; Inn, 70 mattresses at ^ K.), commanding a 
magnificent view. Ascent from the Adlersruhe, over snow and rock, 

to HeUiyenblut. KALS. Map, p. 196.-11. R. 38. 203 

to the (l-I V* hr.) top of the Klein-Glockner (12,3500. On the N.W. 
side of this peak we descend steeply about 25-35' (facilitated by 
iron pegs and a wire-rope) to the Ohere Glockner-Scharte, a sharp 
snow ridge, about 30' long and 1-2' wide, between the Little and 
the Great Glockner (descending to a depth of about 4300' on the 
right to thePasterze, and of 2600' on the left to the Kodnitz Glacier), 
the passage of which requires a steady head, but is facilitated by wire- 
ropes. Lastly a steep ascent over rock (wire-rope and pe;;s, useless 
when mu<h fresh snow has fallen^ to the summit of the Gross- 
Glockner (25 min. from the Klein-Glockner). — On the summit are 
a wooden pyramid, used in 1879 in connection with the measurement 
of latitude, and an iron cross about 8' high, erected by the Austrian 
Alpine Club. The **VrEW is almost unrivalled in extent and magni- 
ficence (panorama in the Stiidl-Hiitte). Towards the W. it extends 
to the Rhaetikon chain and the Silvretta; on the S.W., to the Bernina 
and Adamello; S., to the Adriatic Sea, whifh is sometimes visible 
as a bright streak on the horizon; S.E., the Terglou ; E., the Carpa- 
thians; N.E.. the Moravian and Bohemian Mts.; N,, the Bavarian 
plain, as far as Ratisbon. 

The 'Neue Kaiser Weg' or Stiidlweg, the most interesting ascent for 
adepts (guide 21 K ; climbing-irons necessary, thick woUen gloves advisable), 
ascends the Luisengrat (p. !a)2), between the Teischnitz and Kddnitz Glaciers, 
with the aid of wire-ropes and in>n stanchions attached to the rocks (to 
the top 3-3V2 hrs.)- This ronte avoids the Klein-Glockner and the Scharte, 
hut is impossible in certain states of the snow and is fit only for experienced 
climbers with steady heads. 

Another route, the 'Neueste Kaiser Weg'' or Miirztaler Steig (for 
climbers with steady heads only) ascends the Kodnitz-Tal from the (I hr. 
10 min.) Groder (p. 202). crosses the stream above the Jorgen-HHtte (p 202), 
and reaches (l'/2 hr.) the Luckner-Eiitte (7375' ; accommodation, 4 beds). Hence 
we ascend to tlie riizht by the 'Miirztaler Steig', on the slope of the Lange 
Wand and the Blaue Kdpfe (wire-rope and iron pegs), high above the Kodnitz 
Glacier, to (3V2-4 hrs. ; direct but very steep) the Ersherzog-Johann-HHtteip. 202). 

Descent by the Hofmannsweg to the (3 hrs.) Franz-Josef s-Eaut (recom- 
mended to adepts when the snow is in good condition), or through the 
LeUer-Tal to (G hrs.) Eeiligenblut. see p. 209. — In 1879 the t^^ross-Glockner 
was ascended by Hr. Grciger of Vienna for the first time by the N.W. arete 
(Untere Glockner-Scharte or Teischnitz-Scharte, 11,885' i very difficult). The 
direct ascent from the Pasterze to the Obere Glockner-Scharte (see above) 
was for the first time accomplished by the Marquis Pallavicini in 1876 
(see p. 206) and for the second time by Hr. Pilhvax of Vienna. The la.«t 
mentioned ascended the Glockner direct from the Kodnitz Glacier in l'^91 
and direct from the Teischnitz Glacier via the W. flank in 1906. 

^Romariswandkopf (11.530'; 7 hrs.: guide iS K.). From the (41/2 hrs.) 
Stiidl-Hiitte we ascend to the Teischnitz Glacier, which we cross in the 
direction of the Glocknerwand. We then cross the (1 hr.) Gramul- Sattel 
to the Frusnitz Glacier, and ascend to the (U/? hr.) top without much diffi- 
cultv by the snowv arete. Descent across the Pasterze to the Obencalder 
Hiitie or the (31/2 hrs.) Franz-Josef-Eaus (p. 207). 

The Schonleiten (9210'; 4 hrs. , with guide), the W. spur of the 
Schober group, between the Kodnitz -Tal and the Lesach-Tal, which 
presents no difficulty, affords a splendid view of the Glockner. Schober, and 
Venediger groups. — The Hochschober (10.665'; 71/2 hrs. ; guide iSK.) is 
ascended via Ober-Lesach, the (2V2 hrs.) Lesacher Alp (5990*; night-quarters), 
ihe Rolf-Femer, and the Schober -Tori (9525'); fatiguing but interesting 
(comp. p. 475). — The Glttdis (10,515'; 5 hrs.; guide 18 £^.), ascended vii 

204 1I.R.38. — Map,p.iy6. KERGEll-TORL. 

the Lesacher Alp and the Kalttr Tori (9195'), is difficult also. — The Groase 
Rote Knopf or "Wanschuss (10,815' ; 57= hrs. ; guide 22 K.), the highest sum- 
mit of the Schober group, is ascended via the Lesacher Alp and the Scharll 
Cdifficult). — -Rottenkogel (9055'; 4-41/2 hrs. ; puide 10, to Windisch-Matrei 
15 A'.), see p. 195. — The Grosse Muntanitz (10,600' i 6-7 hrs. ; guide 18, to 
Windisch - Matrei 20 K.), ascended via the GradStz Glacier^ is a fine point 
oi view, but fatiguing; see p. 195. 

Over the 'Kals - Matreier Tori (7240") to Windisch-Matrei (41/2-0 hrs.; 
guide, 9Z., not indispensable), see pp. 202, 200. The noble view from the 
Tcirl amply repays a visit to it (5 hrs. there and back •, guide 5 K.)^ even 
by those who do not proceed to Matrei. 

To Uttendorf via the Kaiser Tauern (8240), 12 hrs. (guide 22, to the 
Uudolfs-Hiitte \Q K.), see p. 186; to the Moserboden via the Kaiser Tauern 
and the Kapruner Tori (12 hrs. \ guide 20 A.), see p. 185. 

From Kals to Hbiligbxblut over the Berger Torl, 71/2 hrs. ; 
l>;itli n)arked ; guide (13 KJ) not indispensable for experts. A bridle- 
track leads past the church, and ascends the Kbdnitz-Tal to the (1 hr. 
10 min.) farms of Groder (5640') ; 25 min. farther up the path crosses 
the Kodnitzbach, and ascends abruptly to the right (guide-post; path 
to the left to the Stiidl-Hiitte, p. 202) over Alpine pastures to thfe 
(21/2 lirs.) broad saddle of the Berger -Tori (8680'), on which is 
the Glorer-Hutte (Inn, 7 beds). Admirable view: S. the Schober, 
S.W. the Deferegger Mts. and the Dolomites, W. the Hochgall, 
E. the Gastein Mts. with theHocharn, Sonnblick, etc. In descending 
we obtain a view of the Leiter Glacier, Adlersruhe, and Glockner 
to the left. The path descends steeply into the Leiter-Tal (with the 
Soliwert and the Leiterkopfe to the N.) and crosses the brook to the 
(lV4hr.) Upper and(S mm.')the Lower Leiter-Hutte (6615'); 25 min. 
farther down it forks (to the left to the Glocknerhaus, see below); 
here we cross the brook again and ascend to the Trog Alp (6120'), 
beyond which the path descends through wood. Finally we cross 
the Gossnitzbach (Gossnitz Fall, see p. 206), then the Moll, and 
ascend again to (IV2 ^r) Heiligenblut. 

The Peischlach-Tdrl (8240'), to the S. of the Berger -Tori, is not re- 
commended (guide 14 AT) on account of the defective path. 

Travellers bound for the Franz- Josef sH6he or Ferleiten save a day by 
proceeding to the left at the bifiircation 26 min. below the Leiter -Hiitte 
(see above), by the Ohere Leiter -Weg (guide not indispensable) crossing a 
natural rock bridge, direct to the (2 hrs.) Glocknerhaus (see p. 207; from Kals 
to this point 7-71/2 hrs. ; guide 12, to Ferleiten via the Pfandl-Scharte 24 A.). 

39. From Dolsach to Heiligenblut. 

Fkom the South, Heiligenblut is most conveniently reached from 
Dolsach in the Pustertal by the road via Winklern (8 hrs.). Diligence 
from Dolsach railway-station to Heiligenblut (2372 M.) daily in summer in 
7 hrs. (6 A. 40 h.; 11 lbs. of luggage free). Omnibus (from the Tiroler Hof) 
daily in July and Aug., in 8 hrs. (6 A.). One-horse carriage from Dolsach 
to Heiligenblut and back 28, two -horse carr. 48 A". Omnibus from Lienz 
(Hot. Post) to Heiligenblut daily in 9 hrs.; one-horse carriage there and 
back in 2 days 36, in 3 days 44 A., two-horse 56 and 12 A. It is better to 
walk as far as Winklern (3 hrs. ; porter 3 A.) and take a carriage from 
there (to Heiligenblut 10-12 A.). — From Mdllhriicke via Oher-Vellach to 
Winklern, see R. 104: from Kals to Heiligenblut over the Berger Tori, 
see above. 

WINKLERN. Maps, pp. 598, 104. — II. R. 39. 205 

Fbom theNokth, the most attractive and frequented route to Heiligen- 
blut leads through the Fuscher-Tal and over the Pfandl- Scharte (p. 180) or 
the Bockkar-ScharU (p. 181). — From Rauris over the Hochtor of (he 
Heiligenbltit-Rauriser Tauern. see pp. 176, 181 ; over the Sonnblick, see p. 177. 

By railway (in 8 min.) from Lienz to (3 M.) Dolsach (2145'; 
Rail. Restaurant ; Putzenb acker's Hotel, 5 rain, from the station), see 
p. 603. The village of Dolsach (2295'; Tirolerhof. 50 beds at 2-3, 
pens. 6-8 A'.) lies 1^/4 M. to the N. of the station. The church con- 
tains an altar-piece (Jloly Family ) by Defregger (born near Dolsach 
in 1835). — The road ascends in wide curves, which maybe shorten- 
ed by red-marked paths, commanding fine views of the valley of the 
Drave, Lienz, and the Lienz Dolomites, to (3^4 ^L) the hamlet of 
Iselsberg (3645')) to which a red-marked path also leads via Nuss- 
dorf and Debant in 8I/2 lirs. Beyond (5 M.) the Inn zur Wacht we 
cross the boundary of Carinthia, and reach (5^ o M.) the top of the 
Iselsberg (3950'; ""Hot. Defreggerhof, 50 beds at 1.60-2 K.). Thence 
the road descends to (6 M.) the *II6t,-Pens. Bad Iselsberg (90 beds 
at 1.80-2.20 K.) and through wood to — 

8M. Winklern (3125'; Post, good; Geiler, 20 beJs at 1.10- 
1.60 A"., well spoken of; Trojer; rooms at Villa Merzinger}, a vil- 
lage with 359 inhab., finely situated high above the Mblltal. 

Excursions. The Geiersbuhi (6230'), ascended via St. Benedikt in 2'/2- 
3 hrs,, commands a view of the Schober group, the Lienz Dolomites, etc. 
— A still finer view is obtained from the 'Ederplan (6505') which is easily 
ascended in 31,2 hrs. The bridle-path diverges to the left, after 1/2 M., 
from the Iselsberg road and ascends round the E. slope of the Stronachkopf 
to ZwUchenhergen and the (3 hr.s,) Anna Refuge Hut (6430'; 4 beds, 9 mat- 
tresses), 10 min. below the summit. — A marked path leads from the 
Ederplan to the (2 hrs.) top of the Zietenkopf (SUO*; comp. p. 475). 

The road descends into the valley and crosses the Moll. At 
(I23/4 M.) Mortschach (3050'; Wallner; Josef Kaponig. plain but 
good) the Asten-Tal opens to the right; at (14V2 ^0 Stamp fen, 
where we recross the stream, the Wangernitz-Tal (p. 475) diverges 
to the left. — 171/2 M. Dollach (3360'; Ortner, 34 beds at i-2K.; 
Posf), a village with 319 inhab., at the mouth of the Zirknitz- 
hach (p. 177). Higher up in the the gorge (marked path) are the 
(10 min.) Zirknitz Grotto and (V4hr. farther on) the *Zirknitz Fall, 
165' in height. 

Excursions (guides, Joh. Schmidl, Joh. Plossnig, and Joh. Zlobl). The 
•Stellkopf (y340'), which affords a splendid survey ot the Goldberg, 
Glockner, and Schober groups, may be ascended from the Steinerkaser (5695') 
in the Klein-Zirknitz-Tal, via the" Kluid- Scharte (8200') and the Stell-Eohe 
(9220'), in 3 hrs. (guide 12 K.); or from Dollach via the Goritzer-Torl (8045'), 
to the N. of the Mauerkopf, the Wutchgang (old gild-mine), and the Kluid- 
Scharte in 6 hrs. (rather fatiguing). — The Petzeck (10,770'), the E. summit 
of the Schober group, ascended hence in 7 hrs. (tuilsome; guide 22 iBT.), 
through the Graden-Tal to the Gvaden Alp (5605'; hay-beds), and thence 
via the Oraden Glacier and the Petzeck - Sdiarte (,%>'^) , also commands a 
magnificent view. The descent may be made via the Graden- Scharte (9105') 
to the Liemer Hiitte (p. 475; guide 26 Z.), or from the Petzeck-Scharte to 
the Wangernitz Lakes (7915') and through the Wangernitz-Tal to Stampfen (see 
above). — An easy and interesting ascent is that of the Stanziv^rurten (8870'; 
4V2-5 hre. with guide, lO^".), via the Zirknitzbauer, the Eulmer Alp, and the 

206 JL Route 39. HEILIGENBLUT. From Dblsach 

Rieger Alp. — The Sonnblick (10,196'; 71/2 hrs. ; guide 20, with descent 
to Heiligenblut 22, to Kolm-Saigurn 24, over the Riflelscharte to Bockstein 
28^.) is not difficult for experts. A marked path leads through the Zirknitz- 
Tal via the Hohe Briicke and past the Nine Springs (waterfall) to Ihe (2 hrs.) 
Unterkater Alp (52iU'j, and then ascends to the left via the Bochkaser to 
(41/2 hrs.l the Brettscharle (9195'), and across tlie Vogelmaier- Ochsenkar 
Glacier \o (li/shr.) the Zittet-Haus (p. 177). — Over the Klein- Zirknitz-Scharte 
(8920) to the Duiihurger HiUte (7 hrs.; {iuide 16 .ff.), or to Kulm-Suigurn 
(9-10 hrs.; guide 18 .K".), see pp. 613. 177; via Albiizen and the Schohev-Torl 
(7730') to Auster-Fragant (7-8 hrs.; guide 16 .ff.), see p. 614. 

Beyond Dollach the road reaches (19V2 ^^^0 PutschaU (3470'), at 
the entrance to the wild Graden-Tal (p. 205), crosses to the 
right bank of the Moll, and returns to the left bank 11/4 M. farther 
on. On the left (3/4M.) is the Jung fern sprung, a waterfall 425' high. 
At (23 M.) the hamlet of Pockhorn (3565'; Kramser), with a Gothic 
church, the summit of the Gross-Glockner appears. The Molltal here 
appears to be terminated by a wall of rock 330' high, called the 
Zlapperriegel, over which the Moll dashes into a wild gorge (foot- 
path to the fall, rejoining the road higher up). The new road as- 
cends in windings to the right (the old road is shorter). 

25 M. Heiligenblut. — Hotels. -Hot.-Pens. Kcpertihaus, five houses, 
comfortably fitted up, open May 2Uth-0ct. 1st, 50 beds at 1.20-5, B. 1.20, 
D. 3.20. pens. 7.20-12 Z., good cui.«ine. •Post, bed 1.60-3 X, these two 
v^ith fine view; Schober's Inn, near the church, bed i K. 80 h. ; Johans 
Pichler's Tourists'' Inn, 10 beds at 1-2 A'., plain. 

Heiligenblut (4195'), a small village (165 inhab.) in a green 
Alpine valley, overlooked by the bold snow -pyramid of the Gross- 
Glockner, derives its name from a phial of the 'Holy Blood' said to 
have been brought from Constantinople by St. Briccius. This relic 
is now preserved in a tasteful tabernacle in the church, a building 
of 1483 which contains also a handsome carved altar, by Wolfgang 
Mailer (1520), and the tomb of St. Briccius (in the crypt). In the 
churchyard are the graves of the Marquis Pallavicini (p. 203) and 
Ilerr Crommelin, with the guides Ranggetiner and Rubesoier, who 
all lost their lives on the Glocknerwand in 1886. 

E.xrnRsioNS (guides, Joseph Tribuser II., Veit, Lorenz, Anton, and Alexander 
Oranogger. Matth. and Georg Asslaber, Anton Lackner I and //, Oeorg Lacknev 
I and //, Joh. Lackner., Jos. Bemhart , Jos. Bernsteiner, Jos. Kellner, Jak. 
and Oeorg Pichler, Joh.., Peter., and Vi7ic. Rupitsdi, Ant. Schmiedl, Peter 
Obtrdorfer. Anton and Mkolaus Wallner). The headman of the guides calls 
every evening at the inns for the purpose of making arrangements as to 
guides and porters. — Horse from Heiligenblut to the Glocknerhaus i1 K. 
(descent also 12£'.); to the Pfandlscharte Glacier i.% K. — One-horsk Car- 
riage to DoUach 5, Winklern 10, Dolsach 18 j^. 

The Obere Fleiss (4765'), V< ^r. to the E. of Heiligenblut, is reached 
by a good path ascending to the left at the Rupertihaua via the SchUlerbiichel 
and proceeding straight on at a nearly uniform level; 25min., the houses 
of the Untere Fleiss. In 5 min. more the path crosses the Fleissbach (p. 210), 
and then ascends to the right through wood to the (10 min.) Inn zur Obern 
Fleiss (plain but good, bed 1 K.). The Hatt Chapel (4725'), V2 hr. farther 
on (through the courtyard of the inn and ascend to the left), is the best 
point of view. — To reach the Gdssnitz Fall (3/* hr.) we follow the bridle- 
path to Kals (p. 204) as far as the (10 min.) opposite bank of .the Moll, 
and then ascend to the left by a i)leasant path through wood to the fall 
of the Oossnitzbach (330' high). — To the Leiter Fall (li|-^ hr.), see p. 207. 


to Heiligenblut. GLOCKNERHAUS. 11. Route 39. 207 

The excursion to the *Fbanz- Josbfs-Hohb is very attractive 
and should certainly not be missed: to the Glocknei-Haus 3-3V2^rs.; 
thence to the Franz-Josef-Haus 1 hr. ; descent to Heiligenblut 3 hrs. ; 
guide unnecessary; horse 12^.,- one-horse carriage to the Glockner- 
Haus20, there and back 2-5, \%ith spending the night 3'2K., two-horse 
32, 44, and 50 K. The Kaiserin-Elisaieth-Hochstrasse [1 M. long; line 
views) ascends in numerous windings (short-cuts), crosses the 
Guttal beyond the Gipper Alp (5350'), reaches (^2^/2 ^rs. ; 51/4 M. 
from Heiligenblut) the top of the Pallik (^6400'; Schober's Inn, bed 
1 K. 60 /i.), with a line view, and finally makes a bend into ihe 
Moll-Tal to the (1 hr.; 7 M.) Glockner-Haus. The Haritzersteig di- 
verges from the road to the left at (10 min.) the first bend ('HimmltT- 
Schleife') and gradually ascends along the hillside to the (1 hr.) 
Sattelalm (4990'), whence a fine retrospect is obtained of the MoU- 
tal. A few paces farther on the Pasterze Glacier comes in sight. The 
path now ascends over Alpine pastures to the (20 min.) Briccius 
Chapel (5290'), opposite the fine Leiter Fall (42o' high). After a 
rapid ascent of 3 4 hr. we reach the Marx-Hutte, whence a marked 
path to the Leiter Fall diverges to the left. Here the Glockner and 
the Franz-Josef-Haus are tirst disclosed to view. We next mount 
a rocky saddle by zigzags to the Base Platte and the (1/2 hr.) Vntere 
Brettboden (6880') and proceed across Alpine pastures to the (Y2 ^^r.) 
Glockner-Haus on the Elisabethruhe (lOio'), affording an excellent 
view of the Pasterze Glacier and the Glockner {*Inn^ 13 R. with 36 
beds at 2 K. 40 /»., separate room with two beds 8 K.; adm. by day 
40 ft.,- telephone to Heiligenblut). 

The path now crosses the Pfandlbach (p. 180), then ascends to 
the left to the (1 hr.) Kaiser Franz-Josef-Haus (*P. Haritzer's Inn, 
30 beds at 1 K. 60 /i. -4 K., and 15 mattresses at 1 A'.) and (5 min.) 
the **Franz - Josefs - Hohe (7935'). on the slope of the Freiioand, 
which commands a complete survey of the huge Pasterze Glacier 
(6 M. in length by 1 M. in width; area nearly 8000 acres). Immed- 
iately before us towers the Gross -Glockner, with its two peaks; 
to the left of it are the Adlersruhe, Hohenwartkopf, Kellersberg, 
Schwerteck, Schwert, and the three Leiterkcipfe; to the right of 
the Glockner rise the Hofmann-Spitze, Glocknerwand, Teufelskamp, 
Romariswandkopf , Schneewinkelkopf , Eiskogele, L'ntere Oeden- 
winkel-Scharte, Johannisberg, Obere Oedenwinkel - Scharte, and 
Hohe Riffl; the three rocky peaks in the upper basin of the Pasterze 
are the Kleine, Mittlere, and Hohe Burgstall. A slab of marble on 
the Franz-Josefs-Hohe, protected by an iron grating, is to the memory 
of Karl Hofmann of Munich, a distinguished mountaineer, who fell 
at Sedan in 1870. 

In order to reach the actual glacier travellers are recommended to extend 
their walk to the Bo/manns- HUtte (guide desirable; from the Glockner-Haus 
and back, 5 E.). The path descends a little, skirting and traversing the 
moraine, then crosses the Mittlere Pasterzenboden, a nearly level part of 
the glacier, and finally ascends to the (IV4 hr.) Hofmanns-Hiitte (8015'), 

208 1I.R.39. — Map,p.2n6. GROSS-GLOCKNEK. From Dolsach 

the Oamsgrube^ a hollow at the base of the Fuscherkarkopf. The hut, 
erected by Archduke John, and subsequently restored by Hr. Hofmann and 
Hr. Stiidl, was the starting-point for a number of first ascents, but is now 
no longer used. 

Ascents fkom the Glocknek-Haus or fbom the Franz-Josef-Hads 
(for experts only i the charges given are from the Glocknerhaus, where 
guides are usually to be found; telephone from Heiligenblut). — The 
Fuscherkarkopf (10,945') , aftording an excellent survey of the Glockner 
'^roup, is ascended from the Hofmanns-Hiitte through the Oamtgrube in 
31/2 hrs. (guide 14 K.); rather fatiguing. — The Sinnabeleck or Sonnenwelleck 
(10,705'), the E. neighbour of the Fuscherkarkopf, is ascended from the 
Glockner-Haus via the Obere P/andl-Scharte (9005') in 3I/2 hrs. (guide UK. ; 
fatiguing and not particularly interesting). (From the Fuscherkarkopf to 
the !?onnenwelleck, by following the arete, which sinks towards its centre, 
1 hr.) 

The Grosse or Hohe Burgstall (9730'), reached from the Franz -Josef- 
Haus in 3 hrs. (guide 9 K.) by crossing the upper plateau of the Pasterze. At 
the top is the Oberwalder-Hiitle (opened in 1910; inn), forming the nearest 
starting-point for the Barenkopfe, RilHtor, Johannisberg, etc. From the Burg- 
stall to the Bockkar-Scharte (p. 181). a glacier-route indicated by stakes, 1 hr. 

The Grosse B&renkopf (11,175') is ascended from the Franz-Josef-Haus 
in 51/2 or from the Oberwalder-Hutte in 2'/2 hrs. (guide 22. to the Mainzer 
Hiitte 2i K.). The route runs via the Bockkar-Scharte (p. 181) to the Bockkar 
Glacier and the Eeil-Scharte (10,455'), between the 3Iittlere Barenkopf and 
the Grosse Barenkopf, and then ascends to the right to the top of the 
latter. The descent may be made to the E. via the Hofie Dock (10,991)') to 
the Mainzer Hutte (p. 180). 

The 'Grosse Wiesbachhom (11,715'; from the Franz-Josef-Haus 71/2-8, 
friim the Oberwalder-Hutte 5-6 hrs. ; guide 26, to Ferleiten 2S, to the Moser- 
boden 32 K.\ a trying expedition. From the Franz-Josef-Haus we cross 
the Keil-Scharte (see above), skirting the Grosse Barenkopf on its N.W. 
side, to the Gruber-Scharte (10,150. We then traverse the n^ve, pass the 
Glockerin (11,235') and the flint ere Bratschenkopf (11,210'), and thus reach 
the Wielinger-Scharte (p. 184), whence we follow the S.W. arete to the 
summit. H&sc&ni io ih& Heinrich Schwaiger-Haus^ see p. 184; to the. Mainzer 
Ilutte, see p. 181. 

The •Johannisberg (11,375'; from the Franz-Josef-Haus 6 7 or from the 
Oberwalder-Hutte 3-4 hrs. ; guide 18 K.). The route ascends from the Grosse 
Burgstall across the highest Pasterze basin and by the E. arete ; or by the 
Obere Oedenwinkel-Scharte and the N. arete, to the summit. On the W. 
side the mountain descends in huge precipices to the Oedenwinkel Glacier 
in the Stubach-Tal. Splendid survev of the Glockner group, and extensive 
view towards the N. (Zeller See, etc.). — The Hohe RiflFl (10,980'), from 
the Franz-Josef-Haus in 5-6, from the Oberwalder-Hiitte in 2-3 hrs. (guide 
18 A'.). From the highest Pasterze basin we ascend via the Obere Oedentoinkel- 
f<charte and the S. arete; or we may ascend via the Riffltor (p. 209). — The 
Eiskogele (11,285'), the Schneewinkelkopf (11,450'), and the Romariswand- 
kopf (11,535'; coiiip. p. 203) also maybe ascended from the upper basin of 
the Pasterze Glacier, the two latter via the Scfineewinkel-Scharte (ca. 10,825'); 
from the Fran/Josef-Haus 5, from the Oberwalder-Hiitte 2-2V2 hrs. each, 
with guides. The three ascents may be combined by robust climbers in 
one expedition. 

The ascent of the *GroBS- Glockner (12,4600, 9-10 hrs. from 
Heiligenblut, is fatiguing but not very difficult for practised moun- 
taineers with steady heads (guide via theLeiterweg orHofmannsweg 
and back 30, with descent to the Studl- Hiitte 34, to Kals 3S K.). 
The Klein - Glockner was ascended for the first time in 1799 by 
Count Hohenwart, while the Gross-Glockner was first ascended the 
following year by a pastor named Horasch (first ascent from Kals. 

to HeUigenblut. RIFFLTOR. Map,p.l74. — ILR.39. 209 

3ee p. 202). The Old Glocknbr Path f Salmweg or Leitertalweg) 
leads from Heiligenblut via the Trogalm (p. 204) to (3 hrs.) the Leiter- 
Hutte [6615'). Above it we diverge to the right from the route to 
Kals and ascend to the (2V2 l^rs.) abandoned Salm-Hutte (^9040'), 
on the Hasenpalfen, and thence across the Letter Glacier to the 
(i^i'o^^-) ^ohenwart-Scharte (10,445'1, between the Hohenwartkopf 
and the Kellersberg, and the (1 hr.) Erzherzog- Johann-Hiitte on the 
Adlersruhe (11,370'), where the route unites with that from Kals 
(see p. 202), I'/q hr. from the summit, — From the Glockner-Haus 
(p. 207) the Leiter-Hiitte is reached in 2V4 hrs. via the natural 
bridge and the Obere Leiterweg (see p. 204). 

The HoFMAXNSWEG is much more interesting than this, but 
should be attempted only by experts and only when the snow is in 
a favourable condition (5^2-6 hrs. from the Franz -Josef- Haus ; 
guide from the Glockner-Haus 22, with descent to theStiidl-Hutte26, 
to Kals 30 K.). From the Franz-Josef-Haus (p. 207) we descend by 
a narrow path to the Pasterze Glacier and in 3/^ hr. cross it dingonally 
to the club-path which ascends through the Aeiissere Glocknerkar and 
over the crevassed Aeussere Glocknerkar Glacier in the direction of the 
Hohenwart- Snharte, and thence to the right below the ar«"'te to the 
(3V2-4 hrs.) Erzhtr%og- Johann-Hiitte (p. 202\ 

The Sandkopf (10,120') , easily ascended in 5 Lrs. from Heiligenblut 
(guide 14 A'.), is a fine puint of view. From the Fleiss Inn (p. 206) we 
ascend across the pastures of the Mdnchsberg (edelweiss), passing two cresses 
(7925' and 903o'). The last part of the ascent is over debris and rock. — 
The Brennkogel (9910'), ascended through the Guttal in 5 hrs. (guide 12, 
to Ferleiten 23^.), is fatiguing but interesting (easier from the Fleiligen- 
bluter Tauern, see p. 181). 

Passes. From the Glockner-Haus to Ferleiten over the P/cmdl-Scharte 
5V2-6 hrs.. to the Trauner Alp 4-4';-j hrs. (guide to Ferleiten 11. from Heiligen- 
blut 16, including the Franz-Josefs-HOhe 19 K. ; not indispensable for adepts). 
The pass is much easier in this direction than from Ferleiten (p. 180). 
Horse from the Glockner Haus to the clacierT A". — Over the Bockkar-Scharte 
and the Hohe Gang to the Maimer Hiitte and Ferleiten^ 9-tO hrs. from the 
Glockner-Haus (guide 19 A'.), a grand glacier -expedition, ni>t difficult for 
•he moderately expert ; see pp. 181, 180. 

From the Glockner-Haus to KaU over i\ie.Berger-T5rl (7 hrs., guide 13 A'.; 
from Heiligenblut direct 8 hrs., guide 14 A'.), see p. 204. 

Over the Riffi.tor to tuk Moskbboden (8-9 hrs. from the Franz-Josef- 
Haus; guide 23. from lleiligeublut 32 A".), very attractive and not difficult 
for adepts. The Riffltor (10,220'), between the Hohe Riffl (10,980*) and the 
Vordere Bdrenkopf (].0J(^' \ easily ascended in 1/2 hr.), is reached in 5 hrs. 
(2 hrs. from the Oberwalder-Hiitte) via the upper Pasterze Glacier. Descent 
(keeping to the right) across the Karlinger Glacier (not much crevassed in 
its upper part; comp. p. 184) to the (3 hrs.) ifoserboden Hotel (p. 183). 

OvEE THE Obere Oedenwinkel-Sch.\rte to the Rudolfs-Hutte (10 hrs, 
from the Franz -Josef- Haus ; guide 23 A".), rather difficult. The route to 
the Riffltor (see above) is followed as far as the middle of the upper Pas- 
terze basin. Here we turn to the left and ascend to the Obere Oedenwinkel- 
Scharte (10,560'), which lies between the Hohe Riffl and the Johannisberg 
(both ascended hence, see p. 208). The descent to the Oedenwinkel Glacier 
and the Rudolfs- Hiitte (p. 185) is precipitous and difficult. — The ITntere 
Oedenwinkel-Scharte (10,480*), between the Johannisberg and the Eiskogele, 
is very difficult and dangerous on account of falling stones. 

Baedeker's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 14 

2 10 //. R.39.— Map, p. 206 . HOCHARN. 

From Heiligenblut over the Heiligenbluter Hochtor to FerUiten or Rauris 
(8-9 brs.; guide 16 or 19jSr., not irnlispensable), see p. 181. 

UvEK THE SoNNBLiOK TO Kolm-Sajgckn (Rackis), 10 hrs. (guidc 22 iL.), 
not difficult for experts. From Heiligenblut to (V* br.) tbe Fleiss Inn, 
see p. 206. A bridle-path ascends hence on the right bank of the Fleitttal, 
which (V4 br. farther) divides into the Grosse Fleisstal to the N. and tbe 
Kleine Fleisstal to the E. We ascend the latter to the (3 hrs.) Seebichl-Haus 
(8085'-, /«», 9 beds), near the Zirm-See (8200'), a small lake in a rocky 
basin at the foot of the Goldzechkopf (10,015'). The Gjaidtrog-HShe (9790'), 
between the Kleine and the Grosse Fleias, is easily ascended from this 
point in 2 hrs. and affords a fine view of the Glockner and Goldberg 
groups. — From tbe Seebichl- Haus we may ascend to the S.E. via the 
Seebichl and across the Kleine Fleitt Glacier^ latterly climbing a steep slope to 
the (2V2 hrs.) Kleine Fleiss - Scharte (9775') and across the arete to the left 
to the (»/2 br.) Zittel-Haus on tbe top of the Sonnblick (10,180' ^ p. 177). The 
descent is made by the Vogelmaier-Ochsenkar Glacier and past the Rojacher 
Hiitte to the Neubau and (3'/--! hrs.) Kolm-Saigura (p. 176), or from the Neubau 
via the Riffel->Sc/iarte to (4 hrs.) the Nasg/eld (p. 171; guide from Heiligen- 
blut via the Sonnblick and tbe Riffelscbarte to Bockstein 32 K.). A longer 
and more fatiguing but for experts highly attractive route leads from the 
Sonnblick bv tbe Herzog Ernst (9630') and tbe Schareck (10,275') to tbe 
(6-7 hrs.) Nassfeld-Haus (comp. pp. 171, 176; guide to Bockstein 86 £".). 

OvEE THE GoLDZECH-ScHABTE TO Kolm-Saigoen, 8Vi-9 brs. (guide 22 .ff.), 
for adepts only. From (4 hrs.) the Seebichl-Haut (see above) we ascend the 
S.E. bank of the Zirm-See, then across ice and rock to a deserted miners' 
house and to the (IV4 br.) Goldzech - Scharte (9220'), lying between |the 
Hocbarn on tbe N. and the Goldzechkopf on the S. [From the pass to 
the summit of the Hochaxn or Hochnarr (10,690'), an easy ascent of IV2 br. 
(from Heiligenblut 6 hrs. •, guide 3 K. extra); view magnificent. To the S. 
a fatiguing route leads round tbe Goldzechkopf and across the Kleine Fleist- 
Scharte to the (2 hrs.) top of the Sonnblick (p. 177).] We descend from the 
pass over tbe Hocharn Glacier (sometimes much crevassed) to (3 brs.) Kolm- 
Saigurn (p. 176). 


40. Kuf stein and Environs 214 

Tierherg. Duxerkopfl. Braudkogel. Kaiser-Tal. Hinter- 
Harenbad-Hiitte. Stripsenkopf. Elliuauer Halt. Sonneck. 
Griesener Alp. Feldberg. Vorder-Kaiserfelden. Naun- 
spitze. Pyraraidenspitze. Hintersteiner See. From Kuf- 
siein to Koasen. ^Yalch3ee, 215-218. 

41. From Kufstein to Itinsbxuck 218 

Mariastein. Haring. Kramsach, 219. — Alpbacb - Tal. 
Galtenberg. Gratlspitze. Vorder-Sonnvvend-Joch. Mark- 
spitze. To Falepp through theBrandenberger Tal, 220. — 
St. Georgenberg. Frt)m Jenbacb to the Achensee, 221. — 
Excnrsions fromSchwaz. Weerberg. Kellerjoch. Lamsen- 
Joch. Stanser-Jocb. Vomper-Tal, 222. — Wattens. Geisel- 
Jocb. Rastkogel, 223. — Ab.sam. JudenMein. Gnaden- 
wald. Haller Salzberg, 221 — Bettelwurfspitze. Volder- 
Tal. Navis-Jocb, 225. 

42. From Worgl to Lofer via Ellmau and Waidring. . . 225 

The Gaudeamus-Hiitte and Grutten-Hutte, 226.— Kammer- 
kiihr Alp. Fellhorn. Pillersee, 227. 

•43. From Wcirgl to Zell am See via Kitzbuhel 228 

Hohe Salve. Kelcbsau-Tal. Salzach-Joch, 223. — Windau- 
Tal. Fil/.en-Sattel, Sperten-Tal. Grosse Rettenstein. 
Haarlas3aoger, 229. — Excuraions from Kitzbuhel. Schwarz- 
see. Reith. Kitzhuhler Horn. Steinbergkogel. To Mitter- 
sill over the Paa^ Tburn, 'J30. — Gaisstein. Gamshag. 
Kleine Rettenstein, 232. — Excursions from Fieberbrunn. 
Wildseeloder, 233. 

44. Tlie Zillertai 234 

Schlitterberg. Kellerjoch. Kreuzjocb. Hammcrer-Scharte, 
234. — Excursions from Zell. Klopfelstaudach. (ierlos- 
wand. Marchkdpf, 235. — E.xcursions from Gerlo.s. 
Schouach-Tal. Torhelm. Kreuzjocb. Brandberger .Toch 
and Kolm. Wildgerlos-Tal. Zittauer Hiitte, 236. — Over 
the Platte (.r the Plattenkdgel to Kriinnil. Astegg. Stillup- 
Klamm, 237. — Ahornspitze. The Zillergrund. Gruud- 
schartner. Hiirndl-.Joch. Hundskehl-Joch. Rauchkofel. 
Kapfspitze. Plauener Uiitte, 238. — Heiliggeist - Jochl. 
Stillup-Tal. Keilbach- Joch. Frankbach- .Toch. Lapen- 
Scharte. 239. — The Tuxer Tal. Griinberg. Rastkogel. 
Fraueuwand. Spannagel-Ilaus. Rifner-Scharte,240, 241. — 
Kxcursiondfrom Gin/liug. Tristner. Floiten-Tal. Greizer 
Hutte. Grosse LtiBFler. Gii^t-litz. Schwarzenstein. Trip- 
pach Saddle. Morchner Scharte. The Guukel, 242. — 
Melker-Scharte. Ingent. Feldkopf. lliffler-Hutte. Rifller. 
Schwarzensteingrund. Berliner Hiitte, 243. — Ochaner. 
Kotkopf. Feldkopf. Gr^sae Morchner. Grosse Luffler. 
Schwarzenatein. Hornspitzen. Schunbicblerborn. Grosse 
Greiner. Tratter- Joch. Ro-i^sriick- Joch, 241, 245. — 
Olperer-Hiitte. Olperer. Riepen-Scharte. Furtschagel- 
Haus, 245 — Alpeiner- Scharte. Landshuter W^g from 
the Pfit3cher-Joch lo the Brenner, 246. — Wiener Hiitte. 
Hochfeiler. Hocbferner. Weiaszint. Wilde Kren/apitze. 
Pfunders-Joch. Sandjoch, 2i7. 

Innsbruck and Environs 248 

Berg Isel. Weiherbarg. Hungerburg. Miihiau. Krane- 
bitter Klamm. Hafelekar. Schloss Amras. Igls. The 
Laoserkcipfe. Patscher-Kofel. Schonberg, 255-259. 




46. From Bregenz to Landeck. The Arlberg Railway . . 260 

Excursions from Bregenz. Gebhardsberg. Pfander, etc., 

261. — Excursions from Dornbirn. Zanzenberg. Giitle, 
etc. Bodele. From Dornbirn to Egg via Alberschwende, 

262. — Hohe Kugel. From Gotzis via Klaus and Rotis 
to Rankweil. The Laternser Tal. 263. — The Hohe 
Freschen. Excursions from Feldkirch. Margareten- 
kapf. Aelpele. Drei Schwestern. From Feldkirch to 
Buchs, 264. — Vaduz. Gaflei. Kuhgratspitze. Siicca. 
Gallinakopf. Naaf kopf, etc. From Vaduz to Maienfeld, 
265. — Lavena Alp. Falknis. Luziensteig. Gamper- 
dona-Tal. Nenzinger Himmel. Straussweg to the Scesa- 
plana, 266. — The Grosse Walser-Tal. Schadona Sattel, 
267. — The Hohe Frassen. Mondspitze. Brandner Tal. 
Douglass -Hiitte. Luner See. Scesaplana. Strassburger 
Hiitte, 268. — Cavell-Joch. Zimbaspitze. From Dalaas 
to Schruns over the Kristberg, 269. — From Langen to 
St. Anton by the Arlberg. Ulmer Hiitte. Reutlinger Hiitte, 
270. — Excursions from St. Anton. Darmstadter Hiitte. 
Konstanzer Hiitte, etc.. 270-272. — Almejur-Joch. Kaiser- 
Joch. Kappler-Joch,272. — Riffler. AnsbacherHutte,273. 

47. From Bregenz to tbe Schrocken. The Bregenzer Wald 274 

From Lingenau via Hittisau to Oberstaufen or Oberstdorf. 

274. — Excursions from Egg. Winterstaude. The Bezegg, 

275. — Hochalpele. tjchnepfegg. Mdrzelspitze. Canis- 
fluh. From Au to Rankweil via Damiila. Mittagspitze. 
Excursions from the Schrocken. Widderstein, Kinzel- 
spitze, etc. From the Schrocken to Oberstdorf by the 
Gentschel-Joch. From the Schrocken to the Arlberg, 277. 

48. From Reutte to the Arlberg through the Lechtal . . . 27<S 

From Weissenbach through the Rotlech-Tal to Nasse- 
reit. Thaneller, 278. — Namloser Wetterspitze. Hahntenn- 
Joch. Hanauer Hiitte, 279. — Lichtspitze. Gramais-Tal. 
Gufelgras- Joch. Uhde-Bernays- Weg. Hermann -von- 
Karth - Hiitte, 280. — Memminger Hiitte. Seescharte. 
Spiehler-Weg to the Augsburger Hiitte. Grossberg-Joch. 
Alperschon-Joch. Flarsch-Joch. Wetterspitze. Simms- 
liiitte, 281. — Kaiser-Tal. From Lech via the Formarin- 
See to Dalaas and to the Walser-Tal. Rotewandspitze, 
282. — From Lech to Klosterle via the SpuUer-See. Schaf- 
berg. Flexensattel. Excursions from Ziirs, 283. 

49. The Montafon and Paznaun Valleys 283 

Excursions from Schruns. Tschagguns. Vandans. Bar- 
tholomaberg. Silber-Tal. Monteneu. Itonskopf. Lobspitze. 
Mittagspitze. Schwarzhorn. Drusenfluli. Drei Tiirme. 
Wormser Hiitte. Kreuzjoch. Ilochjoch. Madererspitze, 
284, 285. — Sulzfluh. to the Liiner- See through the 
Rellstal or the Gauer-Tal. Liudauer Hiitte. Ofenpass. 
Alp Verajochl, 286. — Passes to the Pratigau (Schweizer 
Tor, Drusen-Tor, Gruben Pass, Plasseggen-Joch). To St. 
Anton through the Silber-Tal. The Gargellen-Tal. Rot- 
biihelspitze. Madrishorn, 287. — Madrisa. Heimspitze. 
Excursions from Gaschurn. Tiibinger Hiitte. Platten- 
spitze. Hochmaderer. Versailspitze. Schafbodenberg. 
Madererspitze. By the Gaschurner Winter-Jochl to St. 
Anton. Vallula,288. — Zeinis-.loch. Bielerhijhe. Madlener- 
Haus. Saarbriicker Hiitte, 289. — Wiesbadener Hiitte. 
Hohes Had. Piz Buin. Vermunt Pass. To Klosters over 
theFnorcla del Confin. Tiroler Scharte, etc., 290.— Jamtal- 
Hiitte. FutscholPass. Urezazs-Joch. Jamjoch. Vesulspitze. 











Biirkelkopf, 291. — From Ischgl to Stuben over the 
Zebles-Joch. Heidelberger Hutte. Fimber Pass, 292. — 
Kappler-Joch. Petziner Spitze. Ascher Hiitte. Rot- 
pleisskopf. Furgljoch. Furgler. Hexenkopf, 293. 

From Innsbruck to Fianzensfeste by the Brenner . . 
Maria-Waldrast. Serlesspitze. Blaser. Mieselkopf. Noss- 
lacher Joch. Bendelstein, 295. — The Gschnitztal. Natur- 
freunde-Hau.«. Bremer Hiitte. Pllerscher Pinkel. Tri- 
bulaun, 296. — Schmirner Tal. Valser Tal. Geraer 
Hiitte. Obernberg-Tal, 297. — Kreuzjoch. Padaunerkogel. 
Wolfendorn. Kraxentrager. Landsbuter Hiitte, 298. — 
Schliissel- Jocb. Excursions from Gossensass, 299. — 
Amthorspitze. Landsbuter Weg. Rosskopf. Pflerschtal. 
Tribulaun. Magdeburger Hiitte, 300. — Elles-Joch. Mag- 
deburger Scharte, 301. — Excursions from Sterzing. Ross- 
kopf. Telfer Weisse, etc., SOI, 302. — From Mauls to 
the Brixener Hiitte. Jakobspitze. Tagewaldhorn, 302. 

ITie Stubai-Tal 

Saile, 3 3. — Serlesspitze. Hohe Burgstall. Stark enburger 
Hiitte,3(>i. — Pinniser Joch. Habicht. Oberberg-Tal. Franz 
Senn-Hiitte. Schwarzenberg-Joch. Brunnenkogel-Scharte. 
Holltal- Scharte, 303. — Pfandler Alp. Fafheson-Tal. 
Ruderhofspitze. Lauterer-Seejoch. Tranljoch. Langen- 
Tal. Numberger Hiitte. Wilde Freiger. Ostlicher Feuer- 
stein, 306. — Simming- Jochl. Niimberger Scharte. 
Pflerscher Hochjoch. Rote-Grat-Scharte. Weite Scharte. 
Freiger-Scharte. etc. Sulzenau. PfaflFen-Nieder. Mutter- 
berger Joch, 307. — Dresdner Hutte. Eggessen-Grat. 
Zuckerhiitl. Bildstockl-Joch. Isidor-Nieder. .Schaufel- 
spitze, 307. 308. 

The Ridnaun-Tal 

Gilfenklamm. Mareiter Stein. Hohe Ferse. Wetterspitze, 
309. — Uebeltal Glacier. Grohmann-Hiitte. Egetjoch. 
Schwarzseespitze. Teplitzer Hiitte. Kaiserin-Elisabeth- 
Hau3, 310. — Over the Schneeberg to the Passeier, 312, 813. 

From Innsbruck to Landeck 

Adolf- Pichler-Hiitte. Kalkkcigel, 313. — Martinswand. 
Solstein. Neuburger Hutte. Hochmunde, 314. — Peter 
Anich Hut. Stamser Alp, 315. — Excursions from Imst. 
Starkenberg. Tschirt;ant. Muttekopf. Platteinkopf. 
Laaggers. Grabberg 317. — Aelpleskopf, 316. — Excur- 
sions from Landeck. Lotzer-Klamm. Stanz. Thial- 
spitze. Venetberg. Augsbnrger Hiitte. Parseierspitze. 
Gafschkopf, 318. 

The Sellrain-Tal 

Excursions from Gries and St. Sigmund. Gleiersch-Tal, 
319. Excursions frtm Kuhtai. Finstertal-Scharte. Uieder- 
reich- Scharte. 319. — Lisenser-Tal. Excursions from 
Praxmar. Wesifalen-Hau.s. Fernerkogel. Sebleskrgel. 
Brunnenkogel. Winnebach-Jrcb. Langentaler Joch, 320. 

The Oetztal 

Pipurger See. Auer Klamm. Wetterkreuzkogel. Acher- 
kogel, 321. — Stuiben Fall. Feiler. Wildgrat. etc., 322. — 
TheSulztal. Gamskogel Winnebachsee-Hiitte. Amberger 
Hutte. Schrankogel, 323. — Daunjoch. Otterkar Jochl. 
Breitlehner Jochl, 324. — Brunnenkogel. Hildesheimer 
Hiitte. ><oderkogel, 326. —Breslauer Hiitte. Wildspitze. 
Vernagt-Hutte,326. — BrandenburgerHaus. GrosseRamol- 
kogel, 327. — Taufkar-Joch. Sexten-Joch. Taschach- 






Joch. Tiefenhach-Joch. Seiter-Jiichl. Ocpatsch-.Toch. 
Kesselwand- Joch. Sammoar-Hiitte, 328. — Kreuzspitzc. 
Schalfkogel. Similaun. 'Niederjoch, 329. — Gross-Vernagt 
Glacier. Hochjoch. Weis-skugel. Langtanfcrer Joch. 
Steinschlag-Joch, 330. — Oberettes-Joch. Ta.=chel-.Toch. 
Mastaun-Joch. Pfossen-Tal. Eisjochl, 331. — Niederjochl. 
Excursions from Gurgl. Gurgler Glacier. Karlsruher 
Hiitte. Gaisberg Glacier. Hohe Mutt. Hangerer. Schalf- 
kogel, etc., 332, 333. — From Gurgl to Vent over the 
Ramol-Joch. Passes from Gurgl to the Passeier and to the 
Schnalser Tal. Rotmoos-.Toch. Langtaler Joch, 333. — 
Gurgler Eisjoch, 33i. 

50. The Pitztal 334 

Piller-Hohe. Venetberg. Rofclcwand, 334. — Wallfahrt- 
Jochl. P^xcursions frona Plangeross. Kaunergrat-Hiitte. Ma- 
datsch-Joch. Verpeil-Joch. HoheGeige. Puikogel. Wei«.«!- 
maurach-Joch. Braunschwciger Hiitte. Mittagskogel, 335. 
— Hintere Brunnenkogel. Rechte and Liuke Ferner- 
kogel. Kaarleskogel. Polleskcgel. Wildspitze. Pit/tjilcr- 
Jiichl. Polles-Joch. Taschacb-IIaus. Riflfelsee. Oelgruben- 
Joch, 336. — Wurmtaler Joch. Watze - Joch. Rostiz- 
Joch, 337. 
57. From Landeck to Spondiiiig (Trafoi, Meraii) .... 337 
Obladis. Schonjochl, 337. — The Kaunser-Tal. 
Hiitte. Gepatsch-Haus. Kauhekopf-Hiitte. Vordere and 
Hintere Oelgrubenspitze, 33S. — Weissseespitze. Glock- 
turm. Passes to the Pitztal. the Oetztal. the Langtauferer 
Tal, and the Radurschel-Tal. Serfaus, 339. — Radurschel- 
Tal, 3i0. — Piz Lat. Schmal/kopf. Langtauferer Tal. 
j Weisskugel-Hiitte. Weissktigel. Weissseespitze. Frei- 

I brunnerspitze. Schafkopf. Dan/ebell, 841, 342. — Spitzige 

Lun, 342. — Schlinig-Tal. Pforzheiraer Hutte. G-lurns. 
' From Mais to the Miiuster-Tal, 3)3. — Matscher-Tal, 344. 

i 58. The Passeier-Tal 345 

I To Sterzing over the Jaufen, 335. — Zwickauer Hiitte. 

Stettiner Hiitte, 346. — Stieber Falls. Essener Hiitte, 

' 347. — To Gurgl over the VerAvall-Joch. Granatkogel- 

' Scharte. HoheFirst. To Solden over the Timmel-Joch, 348. 

40. Kufstein and Environs. 

The Railway Station (see p. 83; Restaurant; Austrian and Bavarian 
cnstom-honse examination) is on the left b;ink of the Inn, 2 min. from 
the bridge. 

Hotels. *H6t. Eggek, in the upper Stadt-Plat/, with terrace, J 30 beds 
at 2-5, B. 1.25, pens. 7-10 A'.; •Aurachek, 80 beds at 1.60.-5, pen.«. 
6-10 /T.; 'Dbei Konige, 56 beds at 1.80. pens. 6-8.60 K.; *Post, on the 
Inn, with terrace, 60 beds at 15') 6, B. 1, pens, b-1 K. ; Stebn ; Neu- 
wirt; Hirsch; ZcbGrafin; Zum Waldl; Buchauer, with garden, 26 beds 
at 1.40-2.60 a:., well spoken of. — On the left bank, near the ."tation : 
'Hotel Gisela, 60 beds at 1.60-5 K.; Tkaube, 30 beds at 1-3 K. — 
Zellerburg (I/4 hr.) and Edschlossl (1/2 hr.), sec p. 215. 

Carriage per 1/2 day 8 A'., with two horses 14 K. — Money Changers & 
Goods Agents, Reel <<• Co. — Photographic Materials at A. Karg''s. — 
Guides: Michael Kaindl., K. Schreier, Joh dMd. Jos. Schwoighofei\ Franz Sloger., 
and Joh. Tavernaro. — Strangers' Enquiry Office in the Rathaus. 

Kufstein (1685'), a small town with 5000 iiihab., is frequented 
as a summer-resort for the sake of its beautiful environs. An inter- 

■SI Joluinji 

KUFSTEIN. ///. Route 40. 215 

esting visit may be paid to the deserted foTtress of Geroldieck (1990'), 
the only frontier-fortress retained by the Bavarians at the end of the 
campaign of 1809, and delivered up to Austria in 1814. It lies on 
a steep rock above the town (adm. 20h.). In the barracks is the 
Museum of the Historical Society (open 9-6, adm. 20 h.). Fine view 
from the Kalvarienberg , 1 M. from the railway-station, on the E. 
side of the town. In the cemetery is the tomb of Friedrich Lht 
(d. 1&461, the political economist, to whom a monument, by 
Pfretzschner, was erected in the Hoerfarter Promenade to the E. of 
the cemetery in 1906. About t/3 M. above the cemetery, at the 
month of the romantic Kiengraben^ are the baths of Kienbergklamm, 
with shady promenades (pens, from 5 AT.). 

Environs. On the left bank of the Inn, '/< M. from the station, is the 
II6tel Zellerburg fwell spoken ufj, at the foot of the wooded Zeller-Rain 
(1945'; shady walks and pretty views). — Crossing the railway at the 
station we may proceed, past Zell (Birnberg) and the swimming-baths (well 
fitted up), to the ( V2 hr.) Pens. Ed-Schldttl (pens. 6-7 K.}. Thence we may 
ascend in 20 min. to the little Pfrillen-See (2(00'^ swimming-bath) and 
(20 min. farther on, to the N.) to the Lang- See (2' 60"), whence we may 
return by the Tiersee road (to Kufstein i? hr.). Or we may proceed from 
the Lang -See through wood to the (25 min.) Hecht-See (see below). — 
Another walk follows the highroad along the Inn to (Ve hr.) the Klaute 
(p. 88; inn), near the Otho Chapel. — The 'Tierberg (2465'; 1 hr.) may 
be ascended by a carriage-road via Zell (see above), passing the villas of 
Hohen-Stafng ; from the (V2 hr.) Ed-Scfildssl (see above) by a marked path 
in V« ^-i or by a shady path diverging to the left below the station, past 
the upper Tierb'erg Farm. Beautiful view from the tower on the top, which 
dates from the 11th cent, (key from the 'hermit'). A forest-path descends 
hence i.n the N. to (25 min.) the Hecht-See (ITCKy), embosomed in wood, and 
affording an admirable view of the Kaiser-Gebirge from its W. bank (best 
light in the evening). From the S. end of the lake we descend to the 
Otho Chapel and the (25 min.) Klaute (see above). — Ticrsee-Tal, Landl, 
and Bayrisch-Zell. see pp. 85, 84 (one-horse carr. from Kufstein to Urspring 
24 K.). A partly new path leads from Knfstein in 3-3'/-' hrs. to the top 
of the =Pendling (5135'; 2'/2 hrs. from Vorder-Tiersee, p. 85). 

A pretty walk from Bad Kieubergklamm follows the Hoerfarter 
Promenade along the slope of the Duxerkiipfl to the (1 hr.) Dickicht 
Chapel (2300"). in the Kaiser Tal, opposite the GeisUnchmiede-Wand. Short 
of the chapel a fatiguing path diverges on the left for the ('/« hr.) Veiten- 
hof. — The Duxerkdpfl (2415'; V4-I br), with fine view of the Inn Valley, 
Kaiser-Gebirge, etc., is ascended either by a new road ascending to the 
right, bfehind the cemetery, to ('/z hr.) Vorderdux (good inn), 1/4 hr. from 
the top. or by a footpath, to the right, from Bad Kieubergklamm (the 
route via the Hochteand is preferable for those free from dizginess). — 
The Brenten-Joch (4140*; 21/2 hrs.; ea^y and attractive) is ascended by a 
marked path via the Duxerkopfl to the (IV2 hr.) Duxer Alpl and the saddle, 
whence we mount the green summit to the right (rfmts. at the forester's, 
2 min. below the top). It is preferable to ascend from the saddle to the 
left to the (V4 hr., or 3 hrs. from Kufstein) *Brandkogel, or Gamskogel 
(4760'), which affords a splendid survey of the Kaiser-Gebirge and the Inntal. 
Descent via the Bettlertteig to (3'/2 hrs.) Hinter-Barenbad (p. 216), rather 
trying (guide desirable); or, better, to the Gaithach-Tal on the S., thence 
up to the (1 hr.) Kaindl-Hiitte, finely situated on the Steinberg Alp (4325'; 
inn), at the foot of the SchelTauer, and via the Waller Alp to (IV2 hr.) the 
Hintersteiner See (marked path; guide, not indispensable for experts, ^ K.) 

*Eai8er-Tal (3-3V2 ^rs. to Hinter-Barenbad; marked path; 
guide 4^., unnecessary). A road and a shorter meadow -path 
(guide-boardsj lead to the right to the ( 1 V4 M.) Sparchen-Miihle, with 

216 III. It. 40. - Map, p. 2/5. KUFSTEIN. Hinter-Bdrenbad. 

the Kufstein electric power works, at the narrow mouth of the 
valley. We ascend the path beyond the bridge, just behind the 
mill, and the steps to the right by the cross ^ 25 min., a bench 
affording a charming view of the Inn Valley up to the Stubai 
glaciers. Thence by a good path, high above the valley, passing the 
six 'Kaiserhofe', the (1/4 hr.) third of which {Veitenhof, 2325') is 
a good inn, whence a marked path leads to the left to the (20 min.) 
Teufelskanzel (2635'; view). — 10 min. Guide-post pointing (to 
the left) to the Vorder-Kaiserfelden-Haus (p. 217); 10 min. Pfandl- 
/io/'(2865'; inn); 1/2 hr. Hinter- Kaiserhof (2875'). Two paths lead 
hence to Hinter-Barenbad. The usual route, a good bridle-path, 
descends through wood to the right to the Vordere Trifiklause 
(24S0') in the Kaiser-TaL crosses the Bdrenbach, proceeds through 
the Bdrenbader KLause to the left bank of the Sparchenbach, and 
finally reaches the (1 1/4 hr.) Anton Karg-Haus. The other path (red 
and white way-marks), with better views but 1/2 hr. longer, ascends 
steeply to the left and then leads up and down hill (little shade) 
via the Boden Alp, the Hochleiten Alp, the Bdren-Tal, and the 
Ldngeck, to the jrrandly situated Hinter-Barenbad with the Anton 
Karg-Haus (2725'; *Inn, 92 beds at 2-2.50^.), a meteorological 

Excursions (guide, Michael Gschwendtner). A bridle-path ascends from 
Hinter-Barenbad to the (2 hrs.) Stripsenjoch (5185'), with the Stripsenjoch- 
Haus of the local Alpine Club (Inn in summer, 38 beds at 1.50-2.50 K. 
and 20 mattre,'se>i ; telenLone; fine vievr), between the Totenkirchl ^7195'; 
ascent very difficult, guide 2i A'.), on the right, and the Stripsenkopf. The 
Stripsenkopf (6035'J, ascended hence in 3,4 hr. (marked path; guide 6 .K"., 
not indispensable), commands an excellent survey of the Kaiser-Gebirge. 
From the Stripsen-Joch to the Oriesner Alp, see below; via Tristecken to 
the top of the Feldberg^ see p. 217; to Vorder-Kaiserfelden., see p. 217. — An 
interesting but difficult ascent is that of the '-^EUmauer Haltspitze (7690'), 
the highest summit of the Kaiser-Gebirge, which may be accomplished 
from Hinter-Barenbad in 4V2-5 hrs. (guide 12 K.), via the' Scharlinger Boden, 
the Bote Rinn Srharte, and the Achselrinne (comp. p. 226). On the top are a 
shelter-hut and an iron cross 10' high. Descent (steep; wire-rope) from 
the Rote Rinn-Scharte to the S.E. via the Gamsdnger to the Orullen HUtte 
(p. 220; guide, 14 A"). — Ascent of the Sonneck (7410'), a splendid point 
of view , from Hinter-Barenbad via the Jdgereck and through the Gams- 
kar in 41/2 hrs. (guide 9, to Barnstatt 12 K.), fatiguing. Descent by the 
Wiesberg and the Eaiter-Hochalp to (3 hrs.) Barnstatt (p. 217), steep at first 

Fbom Hintek-Barenbad. to St. Jobann in Tirol, 71/2 hrs., a fine route 
(guide li, to the Griesner Alp 6 K., not indispensable). The path over the 
(2 hrs.) Stripsen-Joch (see above) descends to the (IV4 hr.) Griesner Alp 
(2950'; inn) in the Kaiserharh-Tal. This is a good starting-point for the 
ascents of the Akerlspitze (7650'; guide iSK.), Ldrcheck (6970' : 13 K.), Goinger 
Haltspitzen (72C0' and 73(J0'; 9 and 11 A".), and Predigtsiuhl (6890'; very diffi- 
cult, guide 50-70 A.), as well as for the passes leading over the Kleine Tori 
(6920') or the EUmauer Tor (6825') to the Gaudeamus or Grutten-Hiitte 
(p. 22ij; guide 8 A.). An enjoyable circular tour (way-marks defective), 
with splendid rocky scenery, leads via the Kleine and Groste Griesner Tor 
to the Oriesnerkar (guide 6 A'.). — From the Griesner Alp a route leads to 
(IV4 hr.) Griesenau, where we mav take either the road to the left leading 
to Schwendt and (2«/2 hrs.) K6ssen'{p. 218), or that to the right to Oasteig 
(p. 76) and (2 hrs.) St. Johann (p. 218). 

HintersteinerSee. KUFSTEIN. Map, p. 215. -II. R.40. 217 

From Hintsb-Babenbad to the GRUTTEy-HuTTE over the Eop/ldrl (6725'), 
4 hrs. (good marked path; guide, 10 /ST., not necessary for experts), interest- 
ing btit laborious The ascent of the Ellmauer Halt (p. 216) may be 
combined with this route in 2 hrs. more. The route via the Hote Rinn- 
Scharte (6825) and the 'Joseph Egger-Steig', from the Stripsen-Jich via the 
Steinerne Rinne and the Ellmauer Tor (p. 226), are more diflicult. — From 
Hinteb-Baresbad TO THE HiNTEKSTEiN Lake, 4V2 hrs. (guide 9 K.). We 
follow the Bettler-Steig (way-marks, but guide useful, S E.) to the (3 hrs.) 
Eaindl-Hiilte (p. 215), and descend thence via the Waller Alp to the (2 hrs.) 
lake (see below). — From Hinter-Barexbad to the Walchsee, 4'/2-5 hrs. 
(guide, 10 E.. not indispensable) A marked path leads via the Ldngeck 
(p. 216) and the (2 hrs.) saddle (4685') between the Stripsenkopf and the 
Kopanzen to the (V4 hr) Feld Alp (442U') , wjience the Feldberg (5950'; 
fine view) is ascended in IV2 hr. (from the Stripsenkopf to the Feldberg 
via Tristecken IV2 hr , interesting for experts). The descent may be made 
via the Hcheiben'tichlbei'g to Grie<enau or .Schwendt (p. 216). — Descent from 
the Feld Alp through the Habersauer Tal to (21/4 hrs.) Walchsee (p. 218). 

About 5 mill, beyond the Veitenhof (p. 1{&) a path, indicated by 
red marks, leads to the left via the Rietz Alp to the (2 hrs. ; 3-372 ^rs. 
from Kufstein ) Vorder-Kaiserfelden-Haus (4550'; *iTin, 24 beds at 
2 K.80h. and 15 mattresses at 1 A'.), commanding a beautiful view. 

Excursions. Naunspitze (5355'; V* ^'r-; guide unnecessary), easy and 
attractive. — The " Pyramidenspitze (6560'; not difficult; guide b E. ; 
splendid view), the highest peak of the Uintere Eaiser, is ascended via the 
Hinter-Eaiserfelden Alp in 21/2-3 hrs. (at the top is a cross 21/ high). An 
interesting path (red marks; guide advisable, 9 £".) leads from the Naun- 
spitze across the plateau of the Hintere Kaiser and past the Einser to the 
Zicolfer^ on the E. slope of which it joins the direct ascent. We descend 
through the Vogelbad-Eamin to the Vogelbad (6105') and ascend past the 
Elfer to (2»/2 hrs ) the Pyramidenspitze. — A direct descent leads from the 
Pyramid enspitze (marked path, but guide advisable, 9 JT.) to (2V2-3 hrs.) 
Hinter-Barenbad (p. 216). From Vorder-Kaiserfelden to Hinter-Bartnbad, 
2 hrs. (marked path; guide 4 £"., not indL-^pensable) ; to the Stripsen-Joch 
via the Hochalpe (4605') and the Ropamen (5165'), 3V2-4 hrs., a fatiguing 
route (guide 6 E.) commanding fine views. 

To the HiNTERSTEiN Lake, 3hr5.,*an attractive route (guide 
4 A'., needless). A path (red and white marks) leads to the S. from 
Kufstein via Mittemdorf, passes beneath the wire-rope railway of 
the cement-factory, and at (1/2^1.) a finger-post ascends to the left 
through wood, passes the Locherer Kaptllt and Egersbach, crosses the 
Gaisbach, and reaches (1 hr.) the farms oi Eiberg (2205'; Schmiedl- 
wirt). We then follow the footpath to the right and after 1/4 hr. to 
the left, via the Steinerne Stiege, a path hewn in steps in the face of 
the cliflf (without danger), to (3 4hr.) Widauers Inn (plain), 1/2 M. 
from the W. end of the picturesque *Hmter8teiiier See (2630'), 
which mirrors the abrnpt precipices of the Vordere Kaiser. Bdrn- 
statt, with its inn, lies 84 hr. farther by the N. bank of the lake. 

Mountain-excursions hence, see p. 226. — From Barnstatt via Schefau 
to Ellmau, marked path in 2 hrs.. see p. 226; to the Gruten-Hiitte (p. 226) 
4-4V2hrs.; to the Kaindl-Hiitte (p. 215) 3 hrs. — We may return through 
the Wdtsach-Tal from Eiberg (see above) to (2V2 hrs.) Kufstein, via Egersbach 
and Klemm (Bayrischer HoQ. 

From Kufstein to Kosskn, 17 M., diligence daily in 41/4 hrs. 
(3 jr.); carriage 12, with two horses 21 K. (light railway projected). 
The road (motor-cars forbidden) leads from the Sparchen- Muhle 

218 ///. R. -in. — Map, p.8S. KOSSEN. 

(p. 215) via the Schanze Tnn and Oberndorf to (5 AT.) Ebbs (1550'; 
Oberwirt; Post), a thriving village with a large church. [A short- 
cut for walkers, diverging to the right short of Ebbs, ascends to the 
right, past the chapel of St. Nikolaus [iQW; inn), to (li^hr.) 
Durchholzen (see below).] About l'/2M. farther on our road is 
joined by that from Oberaudorf (p. 87) via the Zollhaus and Nie- 
dorndorf, and ascends the wooded valley of the Jennbach via (7 M.) 
Sebi (good inn), (8 M.) Primau (Weinwirt), and (10 M.) Durch- 
holzen (2245'; Blattl). At Sebi a route ascending to the Priental 
through the Stein (p. 90) diverges on the left. — IIV2M. Walch- 
868 (2190'; Post or Fischerwirt, 70 beds at 1 - 1 ^. 40 h., Kramer- 
wirt, 36 beds, both good), a summer -resort (bathing; boating), 
prettily situated on the lake of that name. On the S. rises the 
Ilintere Kaiser (p. 216). 

Excursions (guide, Peter Schtcaiger). The Brennkopf (4425' ; IV2-2 lirs.), 
to the N., commands a fine view of the Tauern, etc. — The Winkel Alp 
(3965'), 21/2 hrs. to the S., via Durchholzen (see belnw) and the Grosspoiter 
Alp, is situated in the imposing Winkelkar, between the clifTs of the Ross- 
kai«er and Pyramidenspitze. — The Geigelstein (5930'; arduous hut attractive) 
is reached via the Baumgarten-Graben in 31/2 4 hrs.; see p. 93. — TheHeu- 
berg, or Habberg (5260'), ascended from Durchholzen (see above) via the 
Grosspoiter Alp and the Jochl in 4 hrs. with guide, commands a magnifi- 
cent view of the Kaiser-Gebirge, Loferer Steinberge, and Tauern. — From 
Walchsee to Hinter-Barenbad over the Feld Alp (5V2 hrs. ; guide), see p. 217. 

The road crosses the Weissenbach twice beyond Kranzach, and 
passes th(! Kapelle Inn (pens. 6 K.; good). 

17 M. Kossen (1930'; *Neue Post, bed 1 K. ,• Erzherzog Jtainer; 
BarUn; Metzgerwirt; Auwiri) , a summer -resort (1700 inhab.), 
prettily situated in the broad valley of the Grosse Ache. The best 
view of the valley is obtained from (5 min.) the Schlechter- Hohe 
and (12 min.) the Kalvarhnberg (S.W. the Kaiser-Gebirge). 

ExouRsioxs. To Rett im Winkel, 41/2 M.. carriage -road, see p. 93. 
To the (13/4 hr.) Tauben-See and (21/2 hra.) Afoser-Alpe. see p. 93. — The 
Eggen-Alm and Fellhorn (4 hrs.), rather arduous, see p. 93. The easy and 
attractive ascent of the Unterberghorn (5805') may be made in 3 hrs., via 
the Vnterberg Alp (red marks). — Through Pass Klobemtein to Schleching, 
see p. 93. — A road leads to the S. throngb the monotonous Kossener Tal., 
between the Unterberghorn on the right and the Fellhorn on the left, to 
(7>/2 M.) Erpfendorf (p. 227). A pleasanter route is the rather longer road 
via Schwendt (2285'; inn) through the Kohlntal, passing the Hohenkendl Inn, 
to (2V2 hrs ) Griesenau, at the mouth of the Kaiserbach-Tcd (thence to the 
Griesner \\m and over the Stripsen-Jnch to Kufstein. see p. 216), and via 
Gasteig (Todwirt; Vorderjager; *Mitterjager), with a beautiful view of the 
Loferer Steinberge, to (IV4 hr.) St. Johann (p. 227). 

41. From Kuf stein to Innsbruck. 

4572 M. Southern Railway ; express in 1 hr. 12-1 hr. 26 min. (fares 8^^.20, 
6 K. 10 h, 4 K.), ordinary trains in 2 hrs. 5-2 hrs. 18 min. (fares 6 K. 30, 
4 K. 70, 2 K. 10 /».). 

Kufitein (1585'), see p. 214. The railway ascends the left bank 
of the Inn. — 41/2 M. Langkampfen (1805'; Griiner Baum), at the 
foot of the Penciling (p. 215). 

BRIXLEGG. Maps,pp.228,78.— IIl.E.-il. 219 

A road leads fruin Laniikimpftn -via Nteder- Breifenbach to (3 M.) Maria- 
stein (ISOC; two inns), a pilgrimage-resort, with an old chateau including a 
tower containing three chapels, one above another. Thence we may pro- 
ceed on foot over the Angerberg to (3/4 hr.) Angath (IGiCK; two inns) and 
cross the Inn to (I/2 hr.) Wdrgl; or follow the ridge of the Angerberg to 
the S.W. to (IV2 hr.) Klein-Soil (1950'; inn 5 good view), descend via Bveiten- 
bach (1683') and cross the Inn to ('/z br.) Kundl (see below). 

The railway now crosses to the right bank of the Inn. To the 
left, near (0 M.) Kirchbichl (1716'; *Oberreiter, R. 1.20-2 A'.; 
Post, n. 1.40-1.60 A'.; Bahnhof), a village of 3000 inhabitants, is 
the Perlmoos Cement Factory. 

A road leads hence to the E. to (2'/4 31.) Hftring (2130'; Neutcirt; All- 
tnrt), with the Fvanziszi - Bad (sulphur-spring; water 102' Fahr. ; pens. 
5-6 JS:.). The attractive ascent of the Jufinger Jochl (Pai^selberg ; 3?80) from 
this point takes 2 hrs. That of the Kleine Bolf (SISC; 3 hrs.), a line 
point of view (p. 226), is more fatiguing. 

The train now crosses the Brixentaler Ache. 

8V2M. Worgl (1680'; Rail. Restaurant; Hot. Bahnhof, 34 beds 
at 1.60-2 K.')., the junction of the Austrian State Railway (R. 43). 
The village (167;'/; NeuePost; ALte Post; Rose; Lamm), with 1800 
inhabitants, lies 1/2 ^- *" ^^^ S. About 1 M. from the station is 
the small Bad Eisensteln (15 beds at 1.50-3, pens. 4-7 A'.), with 
chalybeate springs. — Ascent of the *Hohe Salf^e. see p. 228; road 
to St. Johann via Ellmau, see pp. 226. 226. 

To the left beyond (I2V2 xM. ) Kundl (1735'; Brauhaus), on the 
highroad, is the church of St. Leonhard, said to have been founded 
by Emp. Henry II. in 1019. On the N. side of the broad Inntal 
extends the long Brandenberger Joch (p. 220). — 17 V2 M. Katten- 
berg (1685'; Post; Kramerhrdu ; Ledererbrdu, well spoken of; Plalz- 
brdu ; Adler; Krone; Rait. Restaurant) is a quaint little town (750 
inhab.) with a picturesque ruined castle, beneath which we thread 
a tunnel. 

18 M. Brixlegg (1770'; *Brixlegger Hof; Herrenhaus; Juden- 
wirt; Wolf; Gratlspitz; Schreyer ; Siegxcart), a large village (1200 
inhab.) at the confluence of the Alpbach and the Inn, is a favourite 
summer-resort. Patriotic plays are performed here in summer, and 
Passion plays every ten years. 

Excursions (guide, /. G. Horhager of Kramsach). The MariahUf- 
Kapelle. 20 min. N.E. of Brixlegg (ascent to the right from the Rattenberg 
road), affords a charming view. — About 1/2 M. to the S.E. are the mineral 
baths of Mehrn. — The chateau of Matzen (Herr W. Bailie -Grohmann), 
'/* M. to the S.W., is open on week-days 3-5. on San. 10-12 (adm. i K., 
for charitable purposes). — To (1 M. ; 1/2 M. from Rattenberg) Kramsach 
(1705'; 'Geiger zum Olashaus, pens. 5-6^.; Luchnerwirt; Eiche), a summer- 
resort (1650 inhab.), prettily situated on the left bank of the Inn, at the 
mouth of the Brandenberger Ache, with glass works and a large timber- 
boom. On the left bank of the Ache is Ac?ienrain (Gappenwirt, with 
garden, well spoken of), with a chateau of Count Taxis and a brass- 
foundrv. In the Achen-Tal, '/« br. farther on, is the convent of Mariatal 
(1758'; ^Mariatal Inn. 24 beds at 1.20-1.60, pens. 6 A'.). A marked path 
ascends hence to the right fN.E.), pas.«ing the Buchsee and Krumnuee 
(with baths, 30 ft.), to the (V2 hr.) pretty blue Reintaler See (1820'), at the 
base of the Brandenberger Jocb (p. 220). Still farther up (3/4 hr.), em- 
bosomed in wood, is the small Berglsteiner See (fine view of the Inn valley 

220 HI. R. 41.- Map, p.78. JENBACH. From Kufatein 

from the hill, 2510', 1/2 M. from the E. end of the lake). — To Strass 
(p. 234), at the moulh of the Zillertal, I'/a hr. The road leads past the 
chateau of Matzen (p. 219) and the castle of Lichtwer., and proceeds via 
St. Oertraudi (ruins of Kropfsherg on the right) to the Inn zum Klihlen 
Keller, where it crosses the Ziller (fine view to the left up the valley). 

— A pleasant excursion may be made to (Vz hr.) Keith (2155'; Stocker]., 
and (2 hrs.) the top of the Reitherkogel (4387'; guide 4 K.). The summit 
is overgrown with trees but affords a few pretty peeps. — Through the 
Alpbach-Tal via Reith to (2V2 hrs.) the prettily-situated village of Alp- 
bach (32(X)'; Knollenwirt, or Post, 12 beds, moderate), at the foot of the 
Gratlspitze. Passes lead hence to (2 hrs.) Wildschonau, (3 hrs.) Fiigen in 
in the Zillertal (p. 234), and (3 hrs.) the Mar/.engrund (p. 234). The 
' Galtenberg (7955'), commanding a splendid view, is easily ascended 
hence via the Greil and Formkeil Alps in 41/2 hrs. •, the descent may be 
made on the S. side via the Mdrzengrund to Slumm in the Zillertal (p. 234). — 
Gratlspitze (6215'), by a marked path from Brixlegg in 3V2-4 hrs. (guide 
5 K., unnecessary), not difficult. Beautiful view. Small inn on the Eolz 
Alp, V/i hr. below the top, on which is a club-hut. The descent may be 
made via the Hosel-Joch (4615'; chapel) to (2 hrs.) Alpbach. — The 'Vordere 
Sonnwendjoch (7295'; 4i/2-5 hrs. ; easy and repaying) ia ascended from 
Kramsach by a marked path to the (3 hrs.) SonntDendjodt-Rofan Hut (inn), 
on the Bergl Alp (5165'). Fine view from the top (lV2-2hrs.; descent to the 
Erfurt Hut, see p. 80). — From the Sonnwendjoch a path leads to the N. over 
the ridge, via the Sagzahn (wire-rope), to the top of the Rofanspitze (7415'; 
see p. 80), whence we may return over the Schafsteig-Sattel (p. 80) to the 
Zireiner Alp (.^ee below). — The Markspitze (6565') is a.scended from 
Kramsach in 4V2 hrs. by a marked path leading past (2 hrs.) Lipperhdde''s 
Ruh (fine view) and the Ludoi Alp (4825') to the (IV2 hr.) finely situated 
Zireiner Alp (5795'), then up past the Zireiner See (5885') to the' (50 min.) 
Markgatlerl (6270') and to the right to (1/4 hr.) the summit (beautiful view). 
Marked path from the Markgatterl to the Schmalzklausen Alp and Steinberg 
or to the Achentee, see p. 79. 

From Bbixlegg to Falepp through the Brandenberger Tal , 9 hrs., 
fatiguing but attractive on the whole. From Kramsach we ascend to the 
right via Achenrain (p. 219) to (2V2 hrs.) Brandenberg (3025'; "Ascher), the 
high-lying church of which commands a fine view. Hence to the Branden- 
berger Joch ( Voldepp - Spitze , 4955'), an interesting ascent of 21/2 hrs., with 
guide. — From Brandenberg we descend to the Brandenberger Ache, cross 
to the right bank, and proceed via the (I'/z hr.) forester's house of Pinegg, 
at the continence of the Steinberger Ache, and (1 hr.) the Eaiserhaus (inn). 
Thence to Falepp, see p. 82. — A shorter route from Kramsach leads via 
Mariatal (p. 219) and through the ravine of the Brandenberger Ache to 
(2'/2 hrs.) Aschau (inn) and (1/2 hr.) Pinegg. — From Aschau to Steinberg 
(p. 78), 2V2 hrs., a rough route via the Wildmoos-Sattel, with a steep 
descent to the Steinberger Ache, the left bank of which we ascend to join 
the route coming from the Kaiserhaus (p. 84). 

The train crosses the Inn. On the right bank, on the rocky hills 
between the river and the highroad, rise the chateaux of Matzen and 
Lichtwer, and, farther on, the ruin of Kropfsherg. 21 V2 M. Ziller- 
tal (ferry to Strass, p. 234). 

24 M. Jenbach. — Hotels. Peantl's Bahnhotel Tolekanz, at the 
station, 60 beds at 1.50.-3, pens. 6-8 K. ; Alte Tolekanz, 3 min. from the 
station, 30 beds at 1-2 X; "Brauhacs, in the upper village, with veranda, 
54 beds at 1.40-2, pens. 5-6^.; Post, 26 beds at 1.20-2 A^; Stern ; Zdm 
Alpenverein ; PkinzKarl; Neuwikt; Rofner; good rooms at .ffr. .filow^ner's. 

— Suntnming Baths. 

Jenbach (1846'), a large village (1900 inhabitants) with smelting- 
works and a scythe industry and frequented as a summer-resort, is 
the station for the Achensee (p. 221) and the Zillertal (R. 44). 

to Innsbruck. SCHWAZ. Map^p.78. — III. R.41. 221 

ExcDKSiONS. Walks to (1 M.) Burgeck^ to (IV* M.) St. Margarethen, on 
the right bank of the Inn (ferry), and to (2'/* 31.) Bvch^ with waterfall. — 
The handsome chateau of Tratzberg (2080'), on the hillside, ^jt hr. to the 
W., has been tastefully restored by its owner, Count Enzenberg, and 
contains a collection of arms (adm. 1 K.). Excellent view of the Inntal 
from the grounds above it. — An attractive excursion (from Jenbach via 
Tratzberg 21/2 hrs. ; from Schwaz via Fiecht by road, 6 M.) may be made to 
the pilgrimage-church of St. Georgenberg (2935'; clean inn), in the Stallen- 
Tal. to the W.. romantically perched on a rock overhanging a wild ravine. 
Above it (20 min.) is the picturesque Gamsgarten-Klamm, I'/o M. in length. 

•To THE AcuENSEE, 4 M., narrow-gauge railway (on the rack-and- 
pinion system as far as Eben), S times daily in summer in 36 min. ; a 
highly attractive excursion (fare B K., down 2K.; return-ticket available 
for 10 days 4 K.). The railway ascends (10 : 100) in a curve round Jenbach, 
with a pretty view on both sides of the Inn valley, and ,-tops at (8/4 M.) Surg- 
ed (200G'), at the upper end of the village. Thence, with a steeper gradient 
(16:100), it ascends the E. side of the wooded A'«M6acA Valley (seebelow), 
curves to the right, and passes the Stungelgut. Fine view to the right of 
the Inn valley as far as the Kaiser-Gebirge, and of the entrance of the 
Zillertal, with the above-mentioned castles; to theN.E. rises the Sonnwend- 
joch. The highest point of the line is reached at (2V4 M.) Eben (3160^; 
Kirchenwirt), a frequented pilgrim-resurt, with the tomb of St. ^'otburga 
(d. 1313). In front of us we have a view of the Achensee. [From Eben 
a marked path leads to the right to the A.^rhenan Alp, 4?6ry, with fine 
view, I'/z hr.l The line now runs along the level to (3 M.) Maurach (3145'; 
Xeuwirt) and reaches the (4 M.) terminus Achensee (3U30'), beside the 
Seespitz Hotel (p. tO). The steamers ply in connection with the trains. — 
The attractive Road to the Achensee (41/2 M. to Seespitz), through the 
wooded Kasbach-Tal, may be recommended to walkers. Comp. p. 80. An 
attractive footpath leads also via Eben (see above) ti> the Achensee; the 
path (blue and white way- marks), with Stations of the Cross, diverges to 
the right at the saw-mill beyond Jenbach. 

Oil the hillside to tlie right is the chateau of Tratzberg (see 
above). — 271/2 M. Stans (1855'; Zum Alten Marschall; NeuvHrt), 
a village (GOO inhabitants) with a hydropathic and a Gothic rhurch. 

About I'/zM. to the N.W. is the picturesque Wolf sklamm, a gorge of the 
Stanser-Bacb, with cascades, tunnels, etc. (inaccessible at present). 

Near Schwaz, to the right (V2 ^^- from the station), rises thi; 
Benedictine abbey of Fiecht ( I860'; inn, good wine). 

29 M. Schwaz. — P.ail. lleslanrant. — Hotels. I'osr, 15 beds at 
1.20-1.80 A'.; ZuK Bkuukk. on the Inn, 30 beds at 1-2, pens. 5-7 A'., Hotkk 
TUKM, 2) beds at 1.40-2 A'., ZcM Freundsbkko, 24 beds from 1 K., all 
with gardens; Goldske Sters, well spoken of; Krone; IIOlzl, at the 
station. — Wine Rooms: Grafeneck^ Krlppe, Mohrenwirt. — Guides: Ant. 
Jiirlinger, at Freundslierg castle; Seh. Mirettl of Vomp. 

Schwaz (1765' I, an interesting old mining town with 7000 in- 
hab., commanded by the castle of Freujulshery (see beelow) lies on 
the right bank of the Inn, 2/4 M. from the station. The Church, 
roofed with copper, has a line fa(;ade; to the N. is St. Michael's 
Chapel in a rich late-Gothic style. The cloisters of the Franciscan 
Church are adorned with frescoes of the early 16th century. Near the 
bridge is the old Fugger House, with an oriel window and a painted 
facade. The large imperial tobacco factory employs 1200 women. 

ExcLK.sioss. To the small chateau of Friedheim (view; ^/i hr. to 
the S.); t.) the ca^stle of Freundsberg (2320*; 25 min. to the E), the ancestral 
seat of a family celebrated in mediaeval warfare, with a fine view from 
the keep and an interesting visitors' book (key kept by the attendant). 

222 JILR.4L — Map,p.78. SCHWAZ. From KufsUin 

To Wkeeberg (2 hrs.)- We follow the highroad on the right bank itf 
the Inn, passing the chapel of Heilig-Kieuz, to (2 M.) Pill (1826'; inn), 
and then ascend to the left of the church, over the Oswaldhohe, to (1V< hr.) 
Mitter-Weerberg (2SS'5' ; inn). lleuLC vni Inner- Weerberg and the Geisel-Joch 
(7515') to ((5-7 hrs.) Lanersbach, see p. 240. From Weerberg we may return 
to Schwa?, via PiUberg, the chateau of Friedheim, and Pirchanger. — Other 
attractive excursions on ihe right bank of the Inn may be made to (lV-2 hr.) 
Koglmoos and (IV4 hr.) Gallzoin (pretty views), and on the left bank to 
(IV2 hr.) the chateau of Tratzberg (p. 221). 

The ascent of the 'Kellerjoch (7690'; 5-6 hrs.) is easy (guide 8 K., 
needless). A good marked path leads through wood past the castle of Freunds- 
berg to the (2'/^ brs.) 'Rodelhiitte' (tobogganing in winter) of Grafenast 
(4368'; inn) and to the ('3'/2 hrs.) Kellerjoch-Haus of the local Alpine Club 
(7340'; Inn, 15 beds and 8 mattresses), 20 min. below the summit. Or 
beyond the (20 min.) chateau of Freundsberg we may proceed to the 
right (marked path) tn the (3V2 hrs.) Loas Inn, '/< ^r. below the Loas-Sattel 
(5520'), between the GUfert (8220'; ascended hence by experts in 2'/2 hrs.) 
and the Kellerjoch, the top of which is reached in l'/-.' hr. more. The 
extensive •View includes the valley of the Inn, the N. Dolomites, the Tauern, 
and the Zillertal, Stubai, and Oet/.tal Mts. The descent may be made to the 
E. to (3V2-4 hr,«.) Fugen(p. "234), or to the N. via the Schwade (iron -mine) 
to Koglmoos (see above) and (4 hr^i.) Schwaz. An attractive mountain-walk 
(marked path) leads fnm the Loas-Sattel via, the Gilfert, PfaQ'cnbiihel, 
I'funds - Joch , and Rastkogel , to Lanersbach (p. 240). 

From Schwaz to IIinter-Riss over the Lamsen-Joch, an interesting 
and easy excursion of IOV2-II hrs. (guide 15 K.^ unnecessary). The path 
(marked) diverges to the left from the St. Georj^enberg route at the Weng- 
hof beyond Fiecht, passes the Bauhof^ and ascends along the right side 
of the wooded Stallen-Tal to (3 hrs.) the Stallen Alp (4360'). Thence we 
ascend to the left, along the N. base of the Hochnissl^ to (2 hrs.) the Lamsen- 
joch-HUtte (6475'; Inn, 26 beds at 4, and 40 mattresses at 1-2 if.) on the 
E. saddle of the Lamsen-Joch (6:J70'), between the Rotwandlspitz and Schaf- 
jcichl; thence to the (20 min.) W. Lamsen-Joch (6340'). to the S.W. of the 
llahnkampl, whence we descend to the Bins Alp (4730'j, the {V-jzhr.) Eng 
(3990'; inn), and (872 hrs.) II inter Hiss (p. 72). Among the ascents to be 
made from the Lamsenjoch-Hiitte are those of the Schafjdrlil (6^50'; 1 hr.) 
and the Hahnkampl (BSSO"; 1 hr.), both easy ; the Sonnjoch (8060'; 3V2-4 hrs., 
with guide) via the Grammai-Joch^ not difficult (see p. 79) ; and the Lamsen- 
spit-e (8215'; 21/2 hrs , with guide) via. the Ldins-Schartel^ difficult. 

Over the Stanser-Jocu to the Achensee, 7 hrs., laborious (guide 
10 A'.). From (2 hrs.) St. Georgenberg we mount rapidly over the Platten 
Alp to (3 hrs.) the Stanser-Joch (6895'; *Vie\v). Descent to the Weissenbach 
^^jo(5545') and via the Bdrenbad Alp to (2 hrs.) Perlisau {\k 79), or through 
the Weissenbach- Tal to (2 hrs.) Seespitz (p. SO). 

About 3/4 hr. above Schwaz is the mouth (W.) of the Vomper Tal, 
one of the wildest valleys of the N. Limestone Alp.s. From the Inn bridge 
a road runs to the S.W. to(l'/'.!M.) Vomp (1855'; "Vomperhof, 24 bods at 1, 
pens. 4 A'.; Pelikan) , with the chateau of Higmundslusi (p. 223). Hence a 
furest-path leads to Ihe (V2 hr.) Pfannenschmiede {i%lh' \ inn), in a romantic 
rncky gorge traversed by the V&mperbach (see below). Adjacent are electric 
works, whence a footpath ascends be.side the stream to the (20 min.) lock. 
Hence we ascend to the left by a marked path (guide advisable) through 
wood, skirting the Walderkamm, to (2V2 hrs.) the Gan Alp (3900'), whence 
Ihe path to the Walder Alp (p. 224) ascends to the left (at first difficult to 
distinguish): and then follow the toilsome 'Knappen-steig' (wire- rope), 
pa.sssing (l^/z hr.) a bank commanding a fine view, and finally descending 
steeply to the (I'/a hr.) imperial hunting-lodge In der Au (3525'). [This 
point is better reached from Vomp by adepts with steady heads in 6-7 hrs. 
by a path (red marks) on the N. side of the valley, leading via the Melanser 
Alp, the hunting-lodge in the Zwerchloch (3305'), and the Katzenleiter (wire- 
rope).] From the poor Loch-HiilU (4080'), at the heid of the valley, V2 hr. 
beyond the Au. a steep route (marked) leads via the Ueberschall (6280') to 

to Innsbruck. HALL. Map,p.78. — III. R.41. 22'd 

the (3 hrs.) Haller-Angev-Haus (p. 62). — The following difficult peaks of 
theVomper chain may be ascended by experts (with guide): Mittagspitze 
(7660'). from Vomp via Vomperberg in 5-6 hrs. (guide 10 K.) ; Hochnitsl (8345'), 
via Vomperberg in 5-6 hrs. (guide 12 K.) •, Lamsentpitze (8215'). from the 
Zwerchloch Hut in 7-8 brs. (guide \b K.)-^ Grubenkartpitze [SliOf), from the 
Loch-Hiittl via the Orubenkar in 5 hrs. (guide 18 K.). 

To the right appears the charmingly situated village of Vomp 
(p. 222J, with the chateau of Sigmundslust. The train crosses the 
Vomperbach and approaches the Inn. 33 M. Terfens-Weer (Rest. 
Klinger, at the station, very plain ; *Arnold, Neuwirt, both moderate). 
— So'/oM. Fritzens - Wattens (1820'; inn at the station). 

A bridge (toll 8 ft.) here crosses the Inn to (V^ M.) Wattens (I860'; 
-Greiderer ; Pott; Adler ; Xeutcirt), a summer-resort at the entrance to the 
Watten-Tal, the stream of which forms a beautiful fall (35 min. from the 
Fritzens station). — From Wattens an .Mpine path leads past the (8V2 hrs.) 
Walchen Inn to the (2 hrs.) Lizum Alp (6550'; hut_ under construction), 
whence we mav either cross the Klammtr-Joch (7740'), to the right, to 
(3V2-4 hrs.) Navis (p. 295), cr the Junt-Joch (8165'), to the left, to (41/2 hrs.) 
Lanersbach (p. 240). — The Roctk over the Geisel-Jocu is preferable (to 
Lanersbach S'/j hrs. ; guide 16 K.. not indispensable for experts-, conip. 
Map, p. 234). We ascend above the left bank of the Weevbach, passing (V2 hr.) 
the Lourdes chapel, the ('20 min.) ruin of Rettenburg , the Kolsassberg^ 
and several farms. Farther on we traverse wood (I'/s hr. plantation), 
crossing the Krovenzbach and the Nurpenbach. From the saw-mill we ascend 
to (3 hrs. from Wattens) the Innerste Wirt (4220'). From this point a red 
marked path leads through the Krovenz-Tal and past the JVa^n^ .4/^ to the 
(31/2 hrs.) Geisel-Joch (7515'; fine view) and then down, passing the Geisel 
Alp, to (2 hrs.) Lanertbach (p. 240). — A much more attractive route from 
the Innerste Wirt (^uide 20 A'.) leads to the left via the (5'J min.) UtaUn Alp 
(5270') and the Nurpen-Tal , passing the Nurpen Alp and the Hagl-Hiitien, to 
the (i hrs.) Nvrpen-Joch (82s5') and thence to the left to the (1 hr.) top of 
the "Rastkogel (9055'), which commands a splendid view of the Zillertal 
Alps. The descent via the Ldmmerbichl Alp to Lanersbach takes 2 hrs. 

371/2 M. Volders-Baumkirchen. About 1/2 M. to the N.E. are the 
baths of Baumkirchen (bed 80-1 K. 20, pens. 4 K. 40 A.). (Jii the 
right bank, at the mouth of the Volder-Tal (p. 225), lies (I'/.j M.) 
Volders (*Post; Brauhaus), with the castle of Friedbery. 

4OV2 M.Hall. — Hotels. ^Bak, E. 1.20-1.80, pens. 5-6 K.; «Post- 
GASTHOF ZOB Kbone^ Bahnhqf-Hotel, R. 2-3 K. ; Engkl, Stkeh, with gardens, 
bqjh very fair; Pens. Plainek; Tomlschlossl, 1 M. from the station, pens. 
4-5 .K".; HiKscH; Rossl; Lamji. — De. Scheolbadee's Sanatorium, pens. 
10-15 .ff. — 'Hot. -Pens. Voederwaldhof, finely situated 1 M. to the E., 
on the right bank of the Inn, R. 2-3, pens. 5-8 K. — 'Artists' Room' in the 
Inn zur Bretze. — Reading-room of the 'Stuben-Gesellschaft' (founded in 
the 16th cent.). — Well-equipped Public Baths; Salt-Batfu (see below). 

HcUl (1895'), a quaint old town of 6400 iuhab., has salt-baths 
and salt-works, to which the brine is conveyed from a distance 
of 6 M. (see p. 224). The evaporating houses and the district- 
court are situated in the lower Stadt-Platz, near the station. The 
former chateau of Hasegg, behind the court-house, incorporates a 
curious old tower called the Miinz-Turm, a relic of the ancient 
'mint' established here in the 15th century. The 'kreuzers' and 
'zwanzigers' Issued by Andreas Hofer in 1809 were coined here. The 
Rathaus has a fine portal and interesting rooms (adm. daily, 10-12 
and 2-5, 60 /i., free on Sun., Tues., & Frid.). The Gothic Parish 

224 ///. 72. 41. — Map, p. 78. HALL. 

Church, of the 15th cent., rebuilt in the rococo style in 1752, 
contains fine late-Gothic smith's work, tombstones of the 16th and 
17th cent., and, below the organ-loft, a fresco-painting of the early 
16th century. On the S. wall is a bronze statue (by Penz; 1908) 
oi Speckhacher (d. 1820; the companion-in-arms of Andreas Hofer), 
who in 1809 succeeded three times in storming the bridge over the 
Inn, the key to the position of the French and Bavarians. — Steam- 
tramway to Innsbruck, see p. 249. 

Excursions (guides, Stefan Steinlechner and Andrd SuHner at Hall and 
And. Rathgeber at Absam). To the S. over the Inn (bridge) and by shady 
paths to the (12 min.) Kienbergsteig. — To the N.W., beyond (V* M.) the 
l)aths oi Heil!gk7-euz {'GdiS&^T., with salt baths, 40 beds at 1.60-2.40 ^., pens. 
Iroin bK.; Traube), is the (t M.) village of 7"Art«.r (2075'; Stangl) ; fine view 
from the (Vz hr.) rained castle (2625'). — The village of Absam (3070*; 
'Bogner, with garden and view; "Ebner^ with garden), l'/^ M. to the N., 
with a frequented pilgrimage-church, was the birthplace of Jacob Stainer 
(d. 1683), the famous violin-maker, to whom a monument has been erected 
near tlie church. — A road leads to the S. over the Inn bridge and 
ihrough the Zimmer-Ta I to (41/2 M.) Judenstein (2975'; Fen^. Erlacher), with 
a pilgrimage-church. [About 3/4 M. to the N.E. is the Speckbacher Hof, 
the house of Speckbacher, marked by a memorial tablet.] Thence the 
walk may be pleasantly extended (road) via Rinn (3025'; *not. Rinnerhof, 
K. 1.60-5, pens. 5-10^.; Neuwirt; Arcbe), with the Lavieren-Bad (inn), 
or, l)etter, through the woods direct to (IV2 hr.) Aldrans (p. 258). Or we 
may diverge to the left about '/« ^^'- beyond Rinn and proceed via Sistravs 
to (2 hrs.) Lans, whence we may make our way to Innsbruck either by 
tramway or on foot (1 hr.). 

The Gnadenwald, the hilly plateau on the N. bank of the Inn, may 
be reached by the omnibus which plies thrice daily from Hall to St. Martin 
(I A'.; one-horse carr. in IV4 hr., 6 A'., (wo-horse 8V2 A'.). We follow the 
road to the Salzbcrg (see below) for 8/4 hr., and then ascend to the right 
past the "HOt.-I'ens. Wiesenhof (Qd beds at i.50-5, pens.6-8 K.), beautifully situat- 
ed, to (V4 hr.) St. Martin (2920'; Hot. Gnadenwalder-Hof, 40 bods at 1.50-4, 
pens. 4-8 A"., with baths; Speckbacher, unpretending; guide, Franz Kern). 
Thence via (V2 hr.) St. Michael (2880') to (V-2 hr.) the Gtmgl Inn (2865'), 
whence we descend to ('/a hr.) the church of St. Maria-Larch (2230') and 
('/4 hr.) Terfeiis (p. 223): or from St. Martin we may return by a shady 
patli (red marks) via Mils to Hall. — A marked path leads from St. Martin 
to the (I74 hr.) Walder Alp (4925'; rfmts.); the Walder Joch (5340'), 25 min. 
to the K., commands a splendid view of the Inn valley, the Tux and Stubai 
glaciers, and the N. Limestone Alps. A similar view is obtained from the 
Hinterhorri Alp (5(X)0'; inn), i/.^ hr. to the W. of the Walder Alp and 13/4 Jir. 
from St. Martin. Descent from the Walder Alp either on the N.W. side 
by the 'Knappensleig' (wire-rope) to the (2V2 hrs.) hunting-lodge In der Au 
(p. 222) in the Vomper Loch, or on the N.E. side to the (IV4 hr.) Gan Alp 
(p. 222), and thence via Vmmelberg to (2 hrs.) Ter/ens, or to the (IV2 hr.) 
I'fannschmiede (p. 222). 

The Haller Salzberg C6 hrs.) deserves a visit. The road ('Salzstrasse') 
leads to the N., past (left) Absam (the path via Absam, which joins the 
road in 1 hr., is preferable), and ascends the Halltal to the (V/ 2 hr.) Belt el- 
tBvr/eck (Bettelwurf-Hiitte, see p. 225). Thence we may continue to follow 
the road, or take the path to the left via /Sif. Magdalena (^ij^ \ inn) to the 
(iVa hr.) Herrenhduser, beside the shafts of the Salt Mines (4860*; rfmts., 
bed only by special permission of the manager at Hall). A visit to the 
mines is interesting (on Mon., Tues., Wed., and Thurs. only; duration 
11/2 hr. ; adm. 1 pers. 4 K. incl. light, each addit. pers. 2 K.). The Kaiser- 
iditrf* (5580"), reached by a red-marked path via the Tori (5820') in 11/4 hr., 
commands a fine view; another still more extensive is obtained from the 
Zunderkopf (6450'; ascended by a club-path in 3/4 hr. from the Tori). A 
steep descent (marked path; guide necessary for novices, 8 A^.) leads from 

HALL. Map, p. 78. — III. R.41 . 225 

the Tori to the Thaurer Alp, TAaur (p. 224), and (3 hrs.) Hall. — From the 
Herrenhauser a cart-road ascends to the Iss-J6chl (5605'), whence a carriage- 
road goes on to the (V2 hr.) Iss-Anger, in wild environs. An interesting 
pass leads hence over the Lafatscher-Joch (eSiC) to the (272 hrs.) Haller- 
Anger-Haut and through the Hinterau Tal to (S'/a-* hrs.) Scharnitz (comp. 
p. 6'2); another (fatiguing) crosses the Slempel-Joch (7275') to the Samer- 
Tal (to Scharnitz 8-9 hrs. ; comp. p. 63). 

The 'GroBse Bettelwurfspitie (SQW) is ascended from Hall in 6V2-T hrs- 
(not difficult for adepts; guide 12 K.). We ascend the HallUl to the Bettel- 
tcurfeck (p. 224 ^ spring). Thence we either take the steep path (red marks) 
to the right via the Bettelwurf-Reisse and the Klamml (wire-rope) to the 
(31/2 brs.) Bettelwurf-Hufte; or (easier) follow the road to the (IV2 hr.) 
Herrenhduier (p. 224), and thence proceed via the Iss-Anger to the (2 hrs.) 
La/aUcher-Joch (p. 63 and above), whence a good path <blue and red marks) 
ascends to the (IV* hr.) Bettelvourf-HUtte (7380'; 'Inn, 18 beds and 14 mat- 
tresses), in a commanding situation. The summit is reached thence by a 
steep ascent of 2 hrs. (wire-ropes). \ difficult route crosses the arete to 
(1 hr.) the Kleine Bettelwurfspitze (8505'). 

The Volder-Tal. The road leads across the bridge over the Inn via 
the (1 M.) HCt.-Petu. Voldevwaldhof (p. 223) and the O/2 M.) Kreuzhdusl Inn 
to (IV2M.) G^ai/eigr (2160*), and thence ascends via Klein -Volderberg (3375') 
and round the Windegg to the (U/z hr.) Wildbad Voldertal, or Volderhad 
(3660'; 90 beds at 1.20-2. pens. 5-6 A'.), with its alkaline spring, prettily 
situated in the woods. [The Wildbad may be reaL-hed also from Volders 
(p. 223) in 2 hrs., by a good new road through the valley (carriage, to be 
ordered beforehand, from Hall 22, from Volders 18 A'.).] Fine view from 
(20 min.) the Hof Windegg (4a (V; Inn, pens. 5 AT. 40 A.-b JT.). The Lavgatz 
Alp (7265'; 3 hrs. ; guide not indispensable), the Rosenjocti (9025'; 6 hrs., 
guide 15, with descent to Matrei 16 A".), the Hanneburger (8670*; 41/2 hrs.; 
guide from Hall 10 A:.), and the OlungeUer (8790*; 5V2 hrs.; guide 10 A^.) 
are ascended hence without difficulty. — Ovkk the Navis-Joch to Matrki 
on the Brenner railway. 8 hrs., easy and interesting beyond the pass (comp. 
Map, p. 234; guide 10 A"., unnecessary in good weather; Andr. Po.«ch of 
Volders recommended). From the Volderbad we follow a red-marked path 
up the left bank of the brook, crossing to the right bank after IV2 hr., to 
(V2 hr.) the Vorberg Alp (5585'), at the foot of the Afalgi-ilbler (9240'; marked 
path in 4 hrs. ; guide 10 A"). We then proceed via the (1 hr.) Steinkasem 
Alp (6560") to (IV2 hr.) the Navis-Joch (8200"), with a fine view of the Tux 
and Stubai Alps. Descent over steep pastures to the Navis-Tal, with the 
Zehenter and Stipler Alps., and to (IVzhr.) Navis (4405'; quarters at the cure's, 
good wine), whence a cart-track leads to (2 hrs.) Matrei or Steinach (p. 295). 

The train quits the Inn. On the right rises the Zunderkopf, 
with the white Kaiseradule (p. 224); at their base lie the villages 
of Thaur (p. 224), Rum (rail, station), and Arzl. To the left, on 
the hills at the foot of the OLungezer (see above), is the village 
of Rinn, the home of Speckbacher (p. 224). Farther down is the 
chateau of Amras (p. 266). The train crosses the Inn, above the 
influx of the Sill, opposite Miihlau (p. 257), and traverses the valley 
on a long viaduct. 

451/2 M. Innsbruck, see R. 45. 

42. From Worgl to Lofer via Ellmau and Waidring. 

331/2 M. High Eoad. FromWorgl to (11 M.) Ellmau no public conveyance ; 
from Ellmau to (7 M.) St. Johann diligence daily (fare 1 K.) in 1 hr. 10 min. 
(railway from Worgl via Kitzbiihel in IV2 hr., see R. 43). From St.Johann 
to (9V2 M.) Waidring diligence twice dailv in 2»/4 hrs. (fare 2 A".); from 
Waidring to (6 M.) Lofer daily in IV* hr. (1 K.). 

Baedeker's Eastern Alps. 12th Edit. 15 

226 ///. R. 42. - Maps,pp. 228, 215. ELLMAU. From Worgl 

Worgl (1680'), see p. 219. The road crosses the Brixentaler Ache 
near the Grattenbergl, runs along the right bank (opposite is the 
railway, with the Soll-Leukental station, p. 228), and ascends to the 
N.E., in view of Schloss liter (p. 228), to the low saddle separating 
the Sblland, or valley of Soil, from the Achen-Tal. To the N.W. rise 
the Juflnger-JocU and the two Bolven. — 6 M. Soil (2305'; Post; 
Feldwebel ; Egger). Ascent of the Hohe Salve (3-31/2 trs.), see p. 228. 
The Kleine Bolf (5120') may be ascended hence in 21/2 hrs. (at- 
tractive ; comp. p. 219). Leaving Scheffau to the left, we next reach 
(3 M.) the Blaiken Inn,. 

From the Blaikan Inn a marked path leads via Scheffau (2355'; rustic 
inns) to (1 hr.) Bdrnstatt (3030'; inn), V* hr. from the E. end of the Hinter- 
ttein Lake (p. 217; thence bv the Steinerne Stiege to Kvfsiein, 3 hrs). The 
Schefauer (7365'; S'/-' hra. ; guide 6 K.), the Sonneck (7410'; 41/2 hrs.; 9 A".), and 
the Treffauer (7560'; 5 hrs. ; 10 K.) may be ascended from Barnstatt by adepts 
(see below). From Barnstatt to the Grutten-HiUte (see below), 4 hrs. (guide 6 if.). 

11 M. Ellmau (2665'; 850 inhab. ; *Post; Hochfilzer; Lobenwein) 
is prettily situated at the foot of the Wilde Kaiser. 

The Kaiser-Gebirge consists of two ranges separated hy the Kaiser- Tal 
and the Kaiserbach- Tal (p. 216) : the N. chain is the Hintere Kaiser^ while 
the S. chain, at the base of which our road runs, is called the Vordere 
or Wilde Kaiser. The latter and higher chain culminates in the Ellmauer 
Halt., Treffauer., Sonneck, KarlspiUen, Ackerlspitze, and Mauktpitze. Most 
of these peaks are difficult and should not be attempted except by adepts, 
btit the ascents from this side are now facilitated by the erection of tw(j 
club -huts, the Gaudeamus- Hiitte and the Orutten-Hiitte (guides, Josef 
Schlechter of Ellmau , Georg Ilochfilzer imd Seb. Klausner of Going, Jak. 
Brunner and Joh. Rothart of St. Johanu; comp. also p. 214). — From Ellmau 
a good path ascends to the N. via, the (IV4 hr.) Wochenbrunner Alp (3555') 
to the (3/4 hr.) Gaudeamus - Hiitte (4165'; Inn in summer, 14 mattresses), 
erected by the Berlin Alpine Club in the Kubel-Kar and affording a beautiful 
view of the Tauern. This hut is the starting-point for the ascents of the 
Ellmauer Halt (7690'; 372-4 hrs. ; guide 7, with descent to Hinter-Barenbad 
II A'.), the Vordere and Hintere Karlspitze (7505' and 7530'; guide 12 A'. eacL, 
15 fur both together, to Ilinter-Barenbad 15 and 19 A'.), the Vordere Goinger 
Haltspitze (7365'; guide 7, with descent to the Griesner Alp via the Steineni' 
Kinne 12 A.), the Torlspitzen (7225'), the Ackerlspitze (T660'), and the i^a«/. 
spitze (7305'), and for the passes over the KopftSrl or the Rote Rinn-Scharte to 
Hinter-Bdrenbad (p. 216; guide 8 A".) and over the Ellmauer Tor (6425') or 
the Kleine Tori (6925') to the Griesner Alp (p. 216; guide SAT.). 

About 2V2-3 hrs. to the N.W. of EUiuau (ascending to the left from the 
Wochenbrunner Alp, see above; guide 4 A". ; steeper marked path from the 
Gaudeamus-Hiitte through the Klammtrl in V* l»r.) is the Grutten-Hutte of 
the Munich Alpine Club (5225'; Inn, 5 beds and 16 mattresses), finely situated 
near the Gruttenbrundl (good spring), whence experts may ascend the 
Treffauer (Ibiuiy ; 4 hrs. ; guide 10. to Ilinterstein 12 A'.), the Ellmauer Halt- 
(769'J'; via the Gamsdnger and the Achselrinne in 272-3 hrs., see p 216), 
the Sonneck (7410'; 4 hrs. ; guide 12, to Hinter-Barenbad 15 A".), the Vordere 
and Hintere Karlspitze {IbOb' and 7530'), the Hintere Goinger Halt (7200'; marked 
path, easy and interesting), the Vordere Goinger Halt (7365'), the Torlspitzen, 
etc. — From Kufstein the shortest route to the Grutten-Hiitte leads via the 
Hintersiein Lake (p. 217) : to Barnstatt 3 hrs , thence to the Grutten (marked 
path) 4-4V2 hrs. — Passes : over the Kopftdrl (6725') and the Hofie Winkel 
(marked path) to (3 hrs.) Hinter-Bdrenbad (guide, not indispensable for 
experts, 8 A".) or to the (37^ hrs.) Stripsmjoch- Haus (p. 216; guide 9 A^) ; 
via the Gamsdnger, \Rote Rinn-Scharte (6825'), and Scharlinger BSden to (4 hrs.) 
Hinter-Bdrenbad (p". 216; guide S K.)-, and over the Ellmauer Tor (6425') 
and the Steinerne Rinne to the (574 hrs.) Stripsenjoch-Haus , to the (5 hrs.) 
Griesner Alp (p. 216), or to (672 hrs.) Hinter-Bdrenbad ('Joseph Egger-Steig'), 

to Lofer. WAIDRING. Maps, pp. 228, 88. — III. R. 42. 


A good panorama of the Kaiser-Gebirge is obtained from the Eart- 
kaserkopjt (5(n5'), a spur of the Hohe Salve, IV2 hr. to the S. of Ellmau ; 
descent to (IV2 hr.) Kirchberg and (Q'/z hrs.) Kitzbvihel. — The Gamskogerl 
(5085'), under the Maukspitze, ascended via the Reg Alp in 3 hrs. (with 
guide), commands a fine view of the Tauern, etc. 

The road now descends to (1272^^0 Going (2400'; Schnabl; 
Schlechter), a village with 750 inhabitants. — About -/3M. farther 
on is the Stangl Inn. 

To the right is a lane leading via the Rohrerhiihel (once an important 
silver -mine) to (Q*;* M.) 06emdor/ (p. 232) and (6 M.) KitzbUhel. A more 
interesting walk may be taken along the 'Romer-Weg' through the Biihlach 
(p. 230) to:(2V2 hrs.) the Schwarzsee (p. 230), via the Rettenberg (2830'; fine 
view) and the Gieringer Lake. — A marked path leads from Going to 
(2 hrs.) the Gaudeamus-Butte (p. 226). 

Farther 011, we follow the Reitner Ache to Spital (p. 232) and 
then cross the Grosse Ache. 

18 M. St. Johann in Tirol (2160'), a railway-station (p. 232), 
at the N. base of the KitzbiihUr Horn (p. 230). 

The following route is more attractive than the moudtonous high- 
road via Erpfendorf toWaidring: by railway to Fieberbrunn (p. 233); then 
walk by St. Jacob im Haus to St. Ult-icfi am Pillersee and (3'/a hrs.) Waidring 
(flee below). 

The road leads to the N.E. through the wide valley of the Grosse 
Ache (Leuken-Tal), quits it at (23 M.) Erpfendorf (2(}Sb' ; inn; 
route to Kossen. see p. 218), and turns to the K. via Reiterdorf. 

27V2 M. Waidring (2560'; *rost, 60 beds from 1.40, pens. 5 K.; 
Waidringer Hof, well spoken of; Mengg\ a summer-resort on the 
watershed between the Achen-Tal and the Saalach-Tal (840 inhab.). 

Excursions. To the (1 hr.) Ilnusherg (3640'). with view of the Gross- 
Glockner; to the (1 hr.) Dalsen Alp (3216'; rfmt,'?.). — By the Grunwald- 
Hutte to the (2V2 hrs ) Kammerkdhr Alp (54U5') and through the Schwarzberg- 
Klamm to (4 hrs.) Unken, see p. 164 (guide necessary). The Kammerkdhr- Platte 
or Stein -Platte (eiSO") may be ascended from the Alp in 1 hr. ; view very 
fine. — The Fellhorn (STSC; 3Vi-4 hrs., with guide; attractive) is ascended 
via Reiterdorf. On the N. .«ide, 20 min. below the top, is the Eggenalm Inn. 
The descent may be m;ide to Rcit im Winkel (p. 93). — The Hinterhorn 
(8220*; 6-6V2 hrs. with guide), ascended by the Griesbacher Steig via the 
Waidringer Xieder., is very interesting for experts (see p. 163). 

A road leads to the 8. through the Waidringer Oefen a gorge of the 
Orietlbach, and past (8/4 hr.) the chapel of SI. Adolari (2780*; plain inn) to 
the (»/4 hr.) sequestered blue Pillersee (2735'), at the S. end of which lies 
the (IV2M.) village of St. Ulrich (2775'; =^Gasthans am .See, 30 beds at 1-2^.; 
Zum Brau; tn.ut at both; guides, Clem. Widmoser and Joh. Wagstatter), 
with sulphur-baths. From St. Ulrich by St. Jakob im Haus to (2 hrs.) 
Fieberbrunn., see p. 233. 

The road from Waidring almost all the way to Reichenhall leads 
through grand mountain-scenery. The profound and picturesque 
valley of the Loferer Bach, between the Hochplatte and the Steinberg, 
gradually contracts. In the narrowest part is the Pass Strub (2255'; 
inn), the frontier between Tyrol and Salzburg, which was once 
fortified, and was heroically defended by the Tyrolese peasants in 
1800. 1805, and 1809 (obelisk erected in 1887). Beyond the Hinter- 
horn Inn, at the end of the defile, we enter the broad Saalach-Tal. 

331/2 M. Lofer and thence to Saalfelden or Reichenhall, see R. 30. 



43. From Worgl to Zell am See via Kitzbilhel. 

58 M. Railway ( Oesterreichische Staatsbahn) in 21/4-3 hrs. (express fares 
11 K. 90, 7 A'. 30, iK.GOh.; ordinary fares 9 Z., 5 ^. 30, SK.50h.). 

Wdrgl (1680'), see p. 219. The railway follows the left bank of 
the Brixentaler Ache to (27-2 M.) Soll-Leukental (restaurant), with 
large cement-factories. Below Schloss liter, which stands on a spur 
of the Hohe Salve to the left, the train enters the Brixentaler Klause, 
a rocky gorge, in which, beyond a short tunnel, it crosses the Ache. 

51/2 M. Hopfgarten (1970'; FUiale Post, at the station, 14 beds 
:it l-l"60 K.), 1 M. to the W. of the large market-village of that 
name (2030'; *Post, 20 beds at 1-1.60 iT.; Rose, 20 beds at 1.20- 
1.60 K.; Diewald; Krdmerwirt; Oberbrdu; Unterbrdu), a summer 
and winter resort with 2890 inhab. and a large rococo church. 

The 'Hohe Salve (6000'), the Rigi of the Lower Inntal, is one of the 
most popular and most easily accessible points of view in the German Alps. 
The conspicuous summit of the mountain is covered with turf, and forests 
and farm-houses extend more than halfway up its slopes. The ascent 
is most easily made from Hopfgarten (31/2 hrs. ; route marked; guide un- 
necessary j horse 10^.; 'chaise-a-porteurs' with 4 bearers 24 A".). — From 
the station we follow the road to the right to (20 min.) the village, then 
by the (5 min.) finger-post ascend to the left (path and marks defective 
in places) to (IV2 hr.) the Thennwirt (3820'; 12 beds, plain but good; horse 
to the summit 5 K.). The path now ascends to the left, and then to the 
right (numerous ^shortcuts), past the (1 hr.) Kalbn Alp (4935'), to the (1 hr.) 
Inn (40 beds at 1.20-2 A.), situated a little to the S. of the summit, 
on which stand a chapel and a cross 26' high. The *"View (comp. the 
Panorama) is magnificent, particularly to the S., where the complete Tauern 
chain is visible from the Hochtenn and Wiesbachhom to the Zillertal 
glaciers. Due S. rises the Gross -Venediger, to the left of which is the 
fantastic-looking Grosse Rettenstein in the Sperten-Tal; farther to the W, 
are the Northern Limestone Alps, with the Steinberger Spitze, nut unlike 
a church; to the N., the Grosse and Kleine Bolven, the Miesing, Wendel- 
stein, and, beyond the deep valley of the Inn, the imposing, serrated 
ridge of the Kaiser -Gebirge; E. the Loferer Steinberge, the Steinerne 
Meer. and, in the foreground, the Kitzbiihler Horn. 

From Brixen (p. 229) the Hohe Salve is ascended in 3 hrs. : we ascend 
by a bridle-path to the right, at the (1 hr.) chalets keep to the left (not 
straight on), apd at the (3/* hr.) chapel to the left to the Alp, and ascend 
in zigzags to the ('/4 hr.) top. — From Wesiendorf (p. 229), by bridle- 
path in 3 hrs. (last third of the route in poor condition). — From Soil 
(p. 226), poor bridle-path in 3-3V2 hrs. We proceed to the 8. to the Slamp- 
fanger Graben^ turn to the right before the (20 min.) chapel, and ascend 
via the Salven-Moser, the Angern Alp, and the Kolh Alp to the summit. 

To the S. of Hopfgarten opens the Kelchsau-Tal , watered by the 
Orundache and traversed by an interesting path over the Salzach-Joch to 
(9 hrs.) Krimml. Road (one-horse carr. 5 K.) via Horbrunn to (2 hrs.) 
Kelchsau (2590'; Neuwirt; Fnchswirt). About 1/2 hr. farther on the valley 
divides: on the right is the Lange Qrund, from which an uninteresting pass 
(guide advisable) leads through the Frommgrund and over the Frommel- 
Jock (7535'), between the Pollspitze and the Frommelkogl, to (8 hrs.) Gerlo$ 
(p. 235) ; on the left is the Kurze Grund, traversed by a bridle-path (guide 
not indispensable for experts) leading via the (2 hrs.) brandy-distillery of 
Schelchenrain (4680': acciimm )dation, 12 beds), the Kuhwild Alp (5695'), and 
the (2 hrs.) Salzach-Joch {Markkirchl, 6520'; magnificent view of the Tauern 
chain) to (-3 hrs.) Ronach in the Pinzgau (p. 189). The ascent of the "Schaf- 
siedel (8035'; 3-3V2 hrs., with guide) from Schelchenrain, via the Rosawild 
Alp and past three small lakes, is attractive and not difficult. — The route 
through the Windau-Tal (p. 229) to the (21/2 hrs.) shooting- hut of Retten- 

Vos! 3013 

scherEiskahr- Gr.Clockntr 3796 


GrRettensteih2362 Habach. 

Kl Reuen stein Velber Tau err 2242 Habachkees 

_ ..^ 


KITZBUHEL. ///. Route 43. 229 

bach (2655';rfmts.) and over the Filten- Sattel (5555'J to (6-7 hrs.) Wald 
in the Pinzgau (p. 189) is fatiguing. 

Above Hopfgarten, at Haslau, the train crosses the Brixentaler 
Ache, which here forms a waterfall, and turns to the right into the 
Windau-Tal (see above), on the W. side of which it ascends a steep 
gradient. Beyond a tunnel 360 yds. long the line bends back, 
and crosses to the E. side of the Windau-Tal by means of a curved 
viaduct 75' high. A second tunnel (220 yds. long) then leads to the 
upper level of the Brixen-Tal. — IIV2 M- "Westendorf (2500'; Zur 
Hohe Salve, at the station; ascent of the Hohe Salve, see p. 228), 
1 M. to the N.E. of the village (2575'; Kohlerwirt; Jakobwirt). 
Bad Westendorf (2&06'., 40 beds), with mineral and peat baths, lies 
VoM. to theS.W. — 13'/2 M. Lauterbach is the station for the vil- 
lage of Brixen im Tal (2610'; Mairwirt), 1 M. to the S.W. of which 
is the Maria- Luisenbad (2650'; chalybeate spring). — 16 M. Kirch- 
berg (2700'; Rail. Restaurant; Zum Bechl, 20 beds at 70 h.-i K.; 
Kalswirt; Raimoirt), a large village (1700 inhab.), at the entrance 
to the Sperten-Tal. 

Thrnngh the Sperten-Tal a cart-track leads past the Rettenstein Inn 
to (6 M.) Atchau (3325'; Gredwirt, plain but good-, guide, Joseph Sc/iroU), 
where the valley forks. The W. branch is the Untere Grundy through 
which an easy pass leads over the Geige (6660') to (1 hrs.) Neukirchen (p. life) 
in the Pinzgau; while throngh the E. branch, or Obere G'ri/ncf, we ascend 
the Stangen-Joch (5640') and thence either proceed t«» the left to (3 hrs.) 
Miihlbach (p. 188), or descend along the Ikluhlbach (guide advisable), by- 
and-by crossing to the right bank, to (2'/2h'S.) Bramberg (p. 188). From 
the Stangen-Joch an imperfectly marked path crosses the Fihenhohe to the 
(3'/2 hrs ) Wildkogel-Haui (ascent of the ''Wildkogel thence in 35 min.) and 
descends to (1^/4 hr.) Neukirchen (p. 188). — A somewhat fatiguing; excursion 
from Aschau is the ascent of the 'Grosse Rettenstein (7755'; d'/z hrs., 
with guide). The marked path leads through the Untere Grand and over 
the (IVzhr.) Sonnwend Alp to the Lower and the (IVzhr.) Upper Schontal 
Alp (6170'; hay-beds), and thence, past the 'Steinerne Frauen', to(lV2hr.) 
the jr. peak, which is marked by a trigonometrical signal (imposing view). 
Descent to the (3 hrs.) Wildkogel Inn. see p. 188. 

A marked path leads from Kirchberg to the S.W. via the Bdrstdtt Alp 
to (2 hrs.) the pilgrimage-report of Haarlassanger f5('25': Inn). Marked 
paths hence ascend to the Gampenkogel (eiSC), the Fleiding (6220'), and 
the Brechhorn (6665'), all with fine views. 

At Klausen (to the left, view of the Kaiser-Gebirge) the train 
crosses the Aschauer Ache. I872 M. Schwarzensee^ to the S. of the 
lake of that name (p. 230). We next cross the Kitzbiihler Ache and 
the Pass Thurn road, and reach — 

211/2^- Kitzbuhel. — Hotels. -Gb. -Hotel Kitzbdhel, in an open 
situation, with a park, open also in winter (Drc.-April), 120 beds at 3-8, 
B. 1.50. pens. 10-16, omn. 1.25.5'. - Tiefenbrdnner, 60 beds at 2-5 JT. ,• 
HiNTEBBBAD, 44 bcds at i.W-2 50 K.; Goldnee Greif; -Pens. Schloss 
Lebexbebg (English landlady), 1 M. to the N (pens. SK.); Pens. Tirol 
(for ladies); Hot-Pens, zcm "Wilden Kaiser, 60 beds at 1.20-2.60. pens. 
Q-8K.; ScHWARZEK Adleb; Amkergeb bed 1.20-1.80 .ST. ; Daimee; Roter 
Adleb; Weisses ROssl; Stebn ; Haas, at the station. — CafS Reisch 
(also rooms; bed 2-3 iT.). — Numerous furnished apartments. Strangers' 
Enquiry Office. 

Carriage (incl. driver's fee) from or to the station one-horse 1 K. 40, 
two-horse 2 JT. 80 h., Schwarzsee 2 K. and 3 K. 40 h.. Mittersill 13 and 22 K. 

230 III. R. 43.^ Map, p. 228 JOCHBERG. From Worgl 

Kitzhuhel (2526'), a small town (3500 inhab.), charmingly sit- 
uated on the Kitzbiihler Ache , is mnch frequented for summer- 
quarters and winter sports. — About ^/^ M. to the S. of the station 
is the Kitzbiihler Bad (50 beds at 1.20-2, pens. 4.60 K.), with an 
earthy saline spring. 

Excursions (way-marks). To the E., past the chateau of Kaptburg, 
to ('A hr.) the Ebnev-Kapelle^ with a fine view; thence to (>/« hr.) the 
Scftleier-Fall ('veil -fair) in the Edgier - Grahen . and back through the 
Zephirau (1 hr.) ; from the Kitzbiihler Bad to the S.E. to (1 hr.) the Buchen- 
wald (beech forest), and back via Bicheln; both these walks aflford good 
views of the Gross -Venediger. — To the S. to (Vz hr.) the Ehrenbach 
Falls, in a romantic ravine, 20 min above which, on a rocky bluff, is the 
Einsiedelei Inn (spring and attractive view); hence in 'Ai hr. (or from 
Kitzbiihel via Ecking and Kuselbalde in IV* 1"".) to the Seidl Alp (3955'; 
restaurant), with a fine view. — To the N.W. a road leads via Ecking and 
the Hinterbrdti- Keller^ or via Hirzing and the Seehichlhof^ to ('/2 hr.) the 
Schwarzsee (2665'; rail, station, see p. 229), with restaurant, boating, and 
mud-baths (72 81° Fahr.). — From the Schwarzsee a road runs to the 
N.E., via Munichau (inn), to (2V4 M.) Reit (2tj95'; Reiterwirt; Tischlerwirt)^ 
a village commanding a fine view of the Kaiser-Gebirge. — Bounding the 
Schwarzsee on the N. is a hilly wooded district called the Biihlach, with 
numerous walks (marshy in places, after rain): from the Seebichlhof (see 
above) via Eaus to Steuerberg (2745'; plain inn), witti a pretty view; from 
Hau3 to the W. via Wald to Bi^ck (walk round the Schwarzsee); fritm 
Hau9 t) the N.W. to the Gieringer Lake and to Munichau (see above), or 
via Bicheln and Rettenberg (view) by the 'Romer-Weg'' to Going (p. 227), etc. 

The -Xitzbiihler Horn (6555'; 3'/2-4 lirs. ; guide, 7 A"., unnecessary ; horse 
10, there and back 14, small car 12, there and back with 3 hrs.' stay 16, 
returning the following day 24 K.) deserves a visit. From the station we 
proceed to the right along the railway or the Ache, turn to the left at a 
(4 min.) finger-post, cross the railway, and then ascend by a road (benches 
and several springs) to the (1 hr). Obholz Inn (3530'), with a charming view 
of the Jochberg vallev and the Tauern range. Thence the road proceeds 
to the (l'/2-2 hra.) Alpenhaut (5475'; 30 beds at 1 ^. 60 h.-l E. ; open in winter 
also) above the Trait Alp, and to the (1 hr.) Hotel (6465'; 40 beds at 2-3, 
pens. 1 E.^ plain but good; post office and telephone), 3 min. below the 
summit, on which stands a chapel. The *View, particularly of the Tauern, 
surpasses that from the Hohe Salve, and is remarkable for the picturesque 
grouping of the seven valleys converging at the foot of the mountain. 
Compare the Panorama. — Descent on the N. side by the 'Ludwig-Scheiber- 
Weg' via the Ruppen Alp to St. Johann (p. 232); on the E. side by the 
Rheintal Alp to (4 hrs.) Fieberbrunn (p. 233; path marked in white and red; 
not recommended). — From the Kitzbuhlek Horn to the Gaisstein (p. 232), 
8-9 hrs., toilsome. The path (way-marks defective; guide and provisions 
necessary) leads along or beside the ridge running towards the S., via 
Ldmmerbiihl and the Gobra-Joch, and past the Bitchof, Staffkogel, Tristkogel, 
and Gamshag. 

The Bteinhergkogel (6165') is easily ascended by a marked bridle-path 
in 3';2 hrs. (guide not indispensable). The first part of the route leads 
thro.ugh wood via the Eintiedelei (see above) and then either via the Leitner 
Alp and the Blaufeld Alp (55511'), or via the Ehrenbach Alp and Streiteck 
Alp to the (3 hrs.) Jufen Alp (6140') and to the left to the (20 min.) summit 
(fine view). — Another path (red marks) from the Jufen Alp leads past 
the Pengelttein (6365') along the ridge to the (3 hrs.) Eleine Rettenstein (p. 232). 

From Kitzbuhel to Mittebsill, 19V2 M (no diligence; carr. with one 
horse to Pass Thurn 10, with two horses 16, to Mittersill 14 and 24 E). 
The road crosses the Ache and leads hj \ht Eitzbiihler Bad {see above) And 
(left) Aurach to (3 M.) Wietenegg (to the S. the Gross Venediger). Then 
past a deserted copper-stamping mill across the Jochberger Ache, and up 
a steeper ascent to (61/2 M.) Jochberg (3030*; Euber zur Post, Schwarzer 
Adler, both good), a summer-resort with 949 inhabitants. 

toZeUamSu. KITZBUHLER HORN. Map,p.228.-III.R.43. 231 

W 6 



jcg #-, . . ^ .. ^. V'.. , '^ - 

"^^ I^^^I;' -^l.' ■ (' 'rj "ii '^, v\ ■ . : ' aJlS ° 

i iii^, 

232 III. R. 43. — Map, p.228. ST. JOB ANN. From Worgl 

The ascent of the ^Gaisstein (7765' ; 4V2-5 hrs. ; path marked in red, 
but guide advisable for novices) is made through the steep Sintersbach- 
Qrdben (fine waterfall) to the Lotcer and (3V2 hrs.) Upper Siniershack Alp 
and over the Sintersbach-Scharte (6770') to the (IV2 hr.) summit, which com- 
mands a magnificent view of the Tauern. An easier route is the marked 
path from Kitzbiihel via Wietenegg (p. 230), Kelch Alp, and Tor (rich flora) 
to (5V2-6 hrs.) the summit. — Descent to the Burgl-Hutle (Mittersill), see 
p. 186; to Saalbach, see p. 160; to the KitzbiihUr Horn, see p. 230. Pinzgauer 
Spaziergang to the (9 hrs.) Schmittenhohe^ see p. 160 (provisions and guide 

The Gamshag (7140'; SVs hrs.; guide not indispeosable) is an attractive 
ascent. We follow the road to the Pass Thurn as far as the first path 
on the left (ca. 5 rain, from the church), which leads via (l*/* hr.) the 
Luegeck Alp and (IV* hr.) the Wild Alp to (1 hr.) the summit. 

The Kleine Rettenstein (7275'; attractive ; guide convenient) is ascended 
in 4 hrs. from Jochberg either via the Saukaser-Oraben or via the Aubach- 
Graben. Fine view of the Tauem. The de-cent may be made via the 
Trattenbach Alp and the Hangler Alp to the Pass Thurn (see below). 

The road ascends gradually, paaang the (73/4 M.) TTacW inn (3280') and 
crossing ihe Ache at (9'/4 M.) Jochbergwald (3490'; Waldwirt). It then runs 
in long windings through wood (which a path to the left cuts off) to the 
(ll'/4M.) Pass Thurn (4175'; plain inn), the boundary between Tyrol and 
Salzburg. The Elisabeth-Ruhe, 1/2 hr. to the W., affords a fine survey of 
the Tauern; still liner view from the ResterMhe (6220'l, 2 hrs. farther up. — 
The road now descends past the (I2V2 M.) Inn zum Weissen (1020'), afford- 
ing a magnificent view of the Pinzgau and the Tauern, and the [W/* M.) 
Soke Briicke Inn (3280'), and winds down (short-cuts for pedestrians) to 
(19V4 M.) MUiersill (p. 186). — Walkers on their way to Krimml take the 
footpath (marked) to the right about 200 yds. below the Inn zum Weissen, 
which descends to (IV* hr.) Miihlbach (p. 187) or Hollersbach (p. 186). 

The Railway to Zell am See follows the right bank of the 
Kitzbiihler Ache (magnificent view on the left of the Kaiser-Gebirge) 
via (26 m.) Wiesenschwang-Obemdorf (21A0'; Lindner) to — 

28 M. St. Johann in Tirol. — Hotels. Zum Hohen Kaiseb, at the 
station, 25 beds at SO h.-2 K. iQ h. ; *Po8T, with garden; *Bab, 40 beds 
at 1-3, pens. 6-8 E. ; Lowe, 24 beds at &Q h.-2 K. 40 A., Madt, both in the 
chief square. 

St. Johann in Tirol (2160'), a large village (3100 inhab.) with 
picturesque Tyrolese houses, pleasantly situated in the broad Leuken- 
Tal (Achen-Tal), is frequented as a summer-resort and as a centre 
for winter-sports. About 2 M. to the S.E. of the village is the Theresien- 
had (restaurant); 1 M. to the W. on the Ellmau road (p. 227) lies the 
village of Spital, with a Gothic clapel of the 14th century. 

Excursions (guide.<*, Jak. Brunner and Joh. Rothart). From St. Johann 
to the Grietner Alp in the Kaiser- Oebirge, 31/2 hrs., to Ellmau (Gaudeamus- 
Hiitte and Grutten-Hiitte), 2'/4 hrs., see pp. 216, 226. — To Waidring and 
Lofer^ see p. 227; via Griesenau and Schwendt to KHssen, see p. 218; over 
the Stripsen-Joch to Kuf stein, see p. 216. 

The 'Kitzbiihler Horn (6555') is ascended hence in S-S'/z hrs. by the 
'Ludwig-Scheiber-Weg\ which passes the Angerer Alp (inn) and Ruppen 
Alp (easy and interesting; see p. 230). 

Beyond St. Johann the line-passes Reitham (Fischer), a summer- 
resort, crosses and recrosses the Filler see- Ache, and then ascends 
rapidly to the right in the valley of that stream. 

toZdiamSec. FIEBERBRUNN. Map,p.228.'~ 1I1.R.43. 233 

33 M. Fieberbrunn. — Hotels. Wieshofek, at ihe station, with fine 
view; Obermeikb. beluw in the valley, on the right (5 min.). Uammek- 
wiKT, in the valley, on the left (5 min.), near the iron-works ; Huttenwirt, 
AuwiRT, farther on; Po3T or Neuwirt, 'Sikbeker, Mktzgerwirt, all in the 
OA hr.) village. 

Fieberbrunn (2585'; 1800 inhab.) is a picturesquely situated 
summer-resort, with mineral baths. 

Excursions (guide, Franz Miedler). An attractive walk may he taken 
up the Pillersee-Ache ps'St (1/4 hr.) Uandler s Jnn and through wood to 
{'/4 hr.) the Inn zur Eisernen Hand, then to the S.W. by the Schtcarzachen- 
Tal to the ('/< hr.) Drei Schreiends Brunnen, the water of which (said to 
Mow from the Wildalpsee, see below) de>cends in picturesque cascades. — 
From the Eiserne Hand to Eochfilzen (see below) via Feutenou, ^/t hr. — 
The Hochkogel (3460*) is reached in 1 hr. by ascending from the Auwirt 
to the right, through the Pletztr- Graben (good view of the environs; 
rtmts. at the Hochkogel- Bauer). — The Buchensteinwand (4785'; 2 hrs. ; 
easy and attractive) is ascended from Dandler's Inn to the left by a shady 
path (red marks) to the hamlet of Buchau and thence over pastures to the 
top (beautiful view). — An easy ascent is that of the •Wildseeloder (6950'; 
4 hrs. ; guide not indispensable). A marked path ascends from the Auwirt 
through the Pletzer-Graben ; where the vallev forks, we proceed to the 
left, via the ZilUtatt Alp, to the (21/2 hrs.) Wild Alp (rfmts.). Another 
marked path leads from Sieberer's Inn via tlie Ldrchenfilz Alp and the 
Grietlboden Alp to the (2V2 hrs.) Wild Alp. Thence we ascend by a club- 
path to the (3/4 hr ) Wild seeloder- Han t (63^; Inn. 8 beds and 10 ma'ftresses), 
on the dark green Wildalpsee (trout), and in 3/4 hr. more gain the summit, 
from which there is a splendid view. — Gobra-Ruiken (6755'; 4V2 hrs.; 
guide advisable). The path leads from the Auwirt through the Pletzer- 
Graben and via the Fahrvianger Alp to the (S'/z hrs.) iron-mine of Gdbra- 
Lannem (5455'), 1 hr. below the summit. — The ascent of the Spielberghom 
(6710*; 41/2 hrs., with guide) is repaying. We ascend the valley to (1 hr.) 
the Eiterne Hani Inn (see above), then via the Spitlberg Alp and Brdu Alp 
to the (3''2 hrs.) summit. The descent mav be made into the Leogang-Tal 
(see p. 161; E.) or to the AUe Schanze (p. 160; S.W.). — Kitzbiihler Horn 
(BoeiO'), via the Bdrfeld Alp and Rheintal Alp in 5 hrs., fatiguing (better 
from Kitzbuhel or St. Johann, comp. p. 230). 

From the EiMer-ne Hand a road leads to the S. to the Alte Schanze and 
to (3 hrs.) Saalbach, in the Olemmtal (comp. p. 160). — From Fieberbrunn 
a road leads to the N. to (2V4 M.) St. Jacob im Haus (JSOO*; Rieger- 
trtrO, on the low saddle between the Pramau-Tal and the Strubachen-Tal. 
Thence it descends via Flecken (Strasswirt) to f33'4 M.) 8t. Ulrich on the 
Pillersee (p. 227), and through the Oe/en to (4V2 M) Waidring (p. 227). 

Beyond (36 M.) Pfaffenschwendt the train ascends a sharp 
gradient on the N. side of the Pramau-Tal, or Pillersee-Achental. 
— 38V2 M. HocMlzen (3165'; Dartkl, at' the station; Wieshofer, 
Wurtl, in the village) lies on the watershed between the Inn and 
the Saalach. 

From Hochfilzen a road leads to the 'N., past Warming and the little 
Wietensee (3045*), to (9 M.) St. Ulrich (p. 227). — A footpath runs over the 
Ramem-Sattel or Romer-Saltel (3965') to the Vorderkaser-Klamm in 3 hrs. 
(comp. p. 162). 

The train now crosses the Salzburg frontier, descends past the 
marshy Griessen-See, and crosses the Griessenbach and the Weiss- 
bach. 4479 M. Leogany (p. 161). Thence via Saalfelden to (58 M.) 
Zdl am See, see R. 29. 


44. The ZiUertal. 

Railway from Jenhach (Siidbahnhof) to Mayrhofen, 20 M. , in 1 br. 
40 min. ; fares (no Ist class) 3 K. 80, 2 iT. 40 A. — The ZiUertal in its lower 
part is a broad pastoral valley enclosed by wooded heights, bat higher up 
it ramifies into numerous narrower valleys ('Griinde"'; p. 237), usually run- 
ning up to the region of snow and ice. Some of the Griinde' have been 
rendered more accessible by numerous paths and huts constructed by the 
German and Austrian Alpine Club, and are much frequented. Easy passes 
friding practicable) lead hence over the Gerlos Pass to the Pinzgau (p. 236) 
and over the Pfitscher Joch (p. 247) or Tuxer Joch (p. 241) to the Brenner 
Railway. More fatiguing routes lead to the Ahrn-Tal from the Ziller- 
Grund (Heiliggeist-Jochl, etc., pp. 238, 239), Floiten-Grund, and Schwarzen- 

Jenbach, see p. 220. Tlie line crosses the Inn to (IV4 M.) Rot- 
holz (Esterhammer, 50 beds at 1-1.50 K.), with an agricultural school, 
and at (2 M.) Strass (1710'; Post) enters the ZiUertal. To the right, 
ahove us, is the Brettfall Chapel (2235'), a good point of view (I/2 hr.). 
Near (31/2 M.) ScMitters (Jdger; Stem), with a mineral bath, the 
Brandberger Kolm, the Torhelm, the Gerloswand, and the Ahorn- 
spitze become visible in the background of the ZiUertal. 

A marked bridle-path ascends to the right to the (l'/4 br.) Schlitterberg 
(3120*; Hot. Schlitterberghof, 20beds at i-iK. 80 A.), a partially wooded plateau 
with charming views and several farms, which may be reached also from 
Rotholz (see above) by an easy cart-road (tobogganing in winter), and from 
Strass via the Brettfall Chapel in I'/h br. From the height V4 br. to the N. of 
the inn the view comprises the Achensee and the Rofan and Karwendel Mts. 
The Kellerjoch (see below) may be ascended hence by a red-marked path 
through the wooded Oechsel-Tal and over the Damjoch (5565'J in 4 hrs. (guide 

5 M. Gagering. — 6 1/4 M. Fugen (1785'; Post, Stern, Aigner, 
Sonne, all very fair"), a pleasant village (685 inhab.) and summer- 

The -Kellerjoch (7690'; 6V2 hrs., not difficult, but better from Schwaz ; 
guide, not necessary for adepts, iOK.) is ascended from Fiigen by a path 
leading up the Fiming-Tal to (2 hrs.) a guide-post on the Pankrazherg (3735') ; 
thence either to the left via the (V2 br.) chalet of Schellenherg and the 
(H'o br.) Loas- Battel (5520'; inn) to the (2 hrs.) Kellerjoch-Haus and the 
(20 min.) top, or to the right (red marks) via the (i^jihr.) Oart Alp direct 
to the (2 hrs.) top. Descent to (3 hrs ) Schwaz, see p. 222. 

71/2 M. Kapfing (Mayer zur Schonen Aussicht; Rose; Huber); 
then, beyond the Finsingbach, (8 M.) Uderns (Pachmair; Erzherzog 
Johann Inn at Finsing, 2 min. from the station). Farther on the 
line proceeds via (91/2 M.) Ried (Mayer; Pirch3r) to (IO1/2 M.) 
Kaltenbach (1835 ft.; *Post, bed 80 /i.-l K. 20 h. ; Bruckenwirt; 
Rieger), a prettily situated village with 419 inhabitants. 

On the opposite bank of the Ziller (V4 hr.) lies the pleasant village of 
Stumm (1815'; Nester; Pinzger; Linde; Zum Schiessstand). about V2M. to the 
N. of which is a pretty waterfall in the Mdrzen-Grund. — The easy and 
attractive ascent of the Kreuzjoch (8230') is accomplished from Stumm in 
51/2 hrs. (guide 5 K.) via the Kapauns Alp (6270'). The descent may be 
made on the S.E. via ihe Riedei'-Tal to Gerlot (p. 235), or on the S.W. via 
Krduielcute and Rohrberg to Zell (p. 235). — A fatiguing route (7 hrs, ; guide 
8 .8".) leads through the Marzen-Grund to the Gmund Alp (443(7; quarters) 
and via the Hammerer- Scharte or Maurer Scharte (7645'), between the Katzen- 
kopf and Torhelm, to Gerlot (p. 235). 



u^ 235 

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ZELL. ///. Route 44 235 

We now follow the ZilUr via (I2Y2 M.) Aschau (Lowe) and 
(IS'/o M.) Erlach, finally crossing to the right bank. 

15 M. Zell am Ziller. — Hotels. Bain, with reading-room and shady 
ijarden, 50 beds at 1.20-3, pens. 4.50-6 .£■., Zum Wklschen, Schnkebekger, 
Nkuwibt, Tdschek. Esgel, Waldheim, on the right bank; Post, 40 beds 
1.20-3, pens. 5-7 K., Daviter, with garden, on the left bank. — Baths at 
Dengff't, WeindVs, and Eo/er^t. 

Zell am Ziller (1885'), a village with 750 inhab., frequented as 
a summer-resort, lies mainly on the right bank of the Ziller. To the 
E. rise the Hainzenberg . with the Maria-Rast Chapel, and the Gerlos- 
wand (7105'), resembling a huge wall; S. the blunted pyramid of 
the Tnstner (9065') and the snow-flelds of the Ingent (9570'). 

ExccBSioss (guides, Franz Schdnhen; Stanislaus Thaurer, and Joh. 
Schwendberger). On the left bank (10 min.) is the pretty Erzherzog-Eugen 
Wald-Promenade, and on the right bank, beginning behind the Brau Hotel, 
is the Troger-Promenade. — A marked path from the Po.'«t Hotel a.icends 
to the W. to (V* br.) Klopfelstaudach (2490'j. a farm -house on a spur of 
the Zellberg, commanding an e.vcellent view. — On the right bank of the 
Ziller, about »/4 M. lo the S.E. of Zell, is a small gold-mine. A marked 
p-ith ascends hence through the gorge of the Gerlosbach to (IV2 hr.) the 
Erzherzog Ferdinand- Karl Water/ally V'2 hr. short of which a path to the 
Oetschen Inn diverges to the right (see belnw). — The Gerloswand (7105'; 
4V2-5hrs.. guide 8, returning via Gerlos 10 .£".), reached via the village of 
Hainzenberg (see below) and the Gerlosstein Alp, is a fine point of view, 
which present.' no difficulty. — A more extensive view is commanded by 
the Marchkopf (82OO0, reached from Zell to the W. via the Zellberg and 
the Hirschbichl-Aste in 5V2 hrfl , with guide. 

To the E. of Zell opens the 6erlos-Tal, through which a well- 
trodden but not very interesting bridle-path leads to the Pinzgau, 
To Gerlos 41/2 ^rs., from Gerlos over the Platte to Krimml 4, over the 
Plattenkogel 5 hrs. (guide, not indispensable, from Zell to Krimml 
over the Platte 11, over the Plattenkogel 12 A''.). The route leads 
from Zell to the S.E. to the ( V4 l^r.) foot of the Hainzenberg, and 
then ascends to the right (roughly paved cart-track), past the 
(20 min.) Maria-Rast Chapel (2320'; inn), to the vUlage of (V2 hr.) 
Hainzenberg, where the better path from Mayrhofen is joined (see 
p. 236). At the (35 min.) Oetschen Inn (8545') we obtain a capital 
view of the lower Zillertal as far as the Sonnwend-Gebirge (p. SOj. 
The hilly path, leading chiefly through wood, now skirts the Gerlos- 
bach, which flows through a gorge on the left, passes (1/4 hr.) Mari- 
eek (two houses), and crosses the (10 min.l Schbnberg-Bach and the 
(V2 iif-) Zaberbach. We next cross the (20 min.) Weissbach, the 
(10 min.; 3hrs. fromZell)ASc/jicar£ac/i, ne&xt]xe*JnnfurKuhlenRast 
(14 beds; good trout), and the (20 min.) Wimmerbach, and immed- 
iately afterwards the Gerlosbach, and reach (5 min.) the hamlet of 
Gmund (3880'; K roller, 25 beds at 60-120/.., well spoken of), where 
the valley expands. The path crosses the Gerlosbach twice and the 
Riederbach once before reaching the (3/4 hr.) long village of Gerlos 
(4070'; Alpenrose, bed 80-120 h., well spoken of; Stbckl; Kammer- 
lander, 25 beds at 60-120 ft., good). 

236 in. R.44.— Map,p.ii34, ZITTAUER HtfTTE. Zillertal. 

Excursions (guide, Johann Kriegler). "Op the Sch6nach-Tal to the 
(IV2 hr.) Iss-Aste (4810'); fine view of the head of the valley (Schonach 
Glacier, Zillerkopf, etc.)- — The Ebenfeld-Aste (6155'), I'A hr. to the N., 
affords a fine view of the Reichenspitz group. — Ascent of the Torhelm 
(8185'; 3V2-4 hrs., with guide), not difficult: the route ascends the AVwmm' 
bach-Tal to the N. to the end of the valley (Wilde Krimml), then turns to 
the right to the Hdmmerer- Scharte (p. 234) and mounts the W. side to 
the summit (excellent survey of the Zillertal Alps). — The Kreuzjoch 
(8230'), ascended by a marked path via the liieder-Tal in 3V2-4hrs., com- 
mands a similar view (see p. 231). 

From Gerlos to Matrhofen, 5 hrs., by a marked path descending 
at the village of Hainzenberg (p. 235) to the left, via Ramsau and Hol- 
lenzen. A preferable route leads over the Brandberger Joch (7 hrs.; marked 
path; guide, iOK., not indispensable for adepts). From the (1 hr.) Inn zur 
Kiihlen Rast (p. 235) we ascend the Schwarzach- Tal to the left to the 
Untere and Obere Schwarzach Alp and to the (1^/4 hr.) Brandberger Joch 
(7580*), between the Brandberger Kolm and the Torhelm (*View). Then we 
descend through the Brandberger Kar to Brandberg (p. 238) and (3 hrs.) 
Mayrhofen (p. 237). — From the Joch the Brandberger Kolm (8860'; guide 
2 K. extra), with a fine view of the Zillertal glaciers, may be ascended by 
experts in IV2 hr. without difficulty. 

We next pass the entrance to the Schbnach-Tal (see above), 
cross the Krummbach (4155'), and ascend through wood to the (1 hr.) 
Durlasboden (4600'), with view of the Pinzgauer Platte ; thence 
straight on across meadow-land to a (20 min.) guide-post pointing 
to the Zittauer Hiitte. Here the valley bends to the S. (^Wildgerlos- 
Tal, see below), and the background is formed by the Hohe Gabel, 
Reichenspitze, and Wildgerlosspitze, 

"Wildgerlos-Tal. A bridle-path (guide from Gerlos 7, from Zell 12, in 
connection with mountain-ascents iOK.), leading to the right at the above- 
mentioned guide-post, proceeds at first on the level via the Finkau Alp 
and Trissel Alp, then ascends in windings to the (4, from Zell 5V4 hrs.) 
Zittauer Hiitte (7645'; -//m, 10 beds and 8 mattresses; innkeeper and guide 
A. Ritsch), a club-hut finely situated on the Lower Oerlos Lake (boating). 
The rm<eW-oj9/ (10,100' ; 2V2hrs.; ynide 10 A'.), the iJoasitop/ (9335'; IV2 hr., 
easy ; guide 5 K.), the Mandlkarkop/m^'; 2 hrs.; 7 K.). the Oabelkopf {iO;i'iO'\ 
3-3'/2 hrs.; 9 A.), the Reichempitze (10,845'; 4 hrs.; guide 12, with descent 
to the Richter-Hiitte 14, to the Plauener Hiitte 16 A'.), and the Wildgerlos- 
spitze (10,770'; 4-4V2 hrs. ; 15 A^.), maybe ascended hence (the last two are 
difficult). — Easy and interesting passes lead from the Zittauer-Hiitte over 
the Rainbach- Scharte (S965') to the (3'/2 hrs.) Krimmler Tauern-Haut, and over 
the Rostkar - Scharte (8-30') to the (3 hrs.) Richter-Hiitte (comp. p. 191). — 
From the Trissel Alp to the Mitterplatten Inn via the Wildkar Alp^ path in 
bad repair (better route down the vallev via the Durlasboden, see above 
and p. 191). 

The path proceeds to the left angle of the wood descending from 
thePlattenkogel, and crosses the (10 min.) HoUenzer-Bach^ the fron- 
tier of Salzburg and Tyrol. About 7 min. farther on the road divides : 
to the left to Ronach and Wald, straight on to Krimml, and to the 
right to the Zittauer Hutte (see above). The direct route to the 
Pinzgau turns to the left and ascends along the Hollenzer-Bach, 
crossing the stream twice. It then turns sharply to the N. and 
reaches (2/4 hr.) the flat saddle of the Gerlos Pass or Pinzgauer Hohe 
(4875'), beyond which it descends to (1/2 hr.) Ronach (4625'; plain 
inn), Waldberg (^U hr. ; 3840'), and (8/4 hr.) Wald (p. 189). 

A more attractive route is the marked bridle-path crossing the 

ZilUrtnl. MAYRHOFEN. Map,p.234.— III. Ii.44. 237 

Pinzgauer Flatte to Krimuil (4 his. ; guide not iiidispeusable). 
The path leads straight on at the cross-road (p. 230 ; 1/2 l^r. from 
the Durlasboden), and ascends the N.W. slope of the Plattenkogel, 
then to the left to (3/4 hr.) * Waltl's /nn (^5560'; 24 beds at 1-2, pens. 
5-6 JT.) on the Mitterplatten Alp. Marked path hence to the [^ min.) 
Reichenspiti-Ansirht. — Proceeding towards the E., past the (i/o hr.^ 
Leitner Alp (5670'), we reach (^10 min.) the FUzstein Alp (5380; 
inn) on the V order platte^ beyond which the Pinzgau and the Krimml 
valley and its cascades come in sight. We now descend in zigzags 
through wood to (1 hr.) Krimml (p. 189). 

An even more picturesque route (red uiarks) , though 1 hr, lunger, 
crosses the Plattenkogel (guide not indispensable). At the (2V4 hrs.) Mitter- 
platten Inn (see above) we diverge to the right and ascend in a S.E. direc- 
tion, parsing (40 min.) three chalets (finger-post) to the (20 min.) green top 
of the ♦Plattenkogel (6690'), which commands a fine view of the Pinzgau, 
with the Dreiherrnspitze to the S.E., the Reichenspitze and Gerlos Glacier 
to the S.W . and Krimml and its waterfalls far below. We descend past 
the F.chwarzenberg Monument^ the route at first loading in a N.E. direction 
along the edge of a deep precipice, pass through a gate at the Handl 
chalets, and descend to the right or (better) keep straight on (marked path) 
to the Filzstein Alp (see above) and (IV2 brs.) Krimml. 

Beyond Zell the railway ascends the right bank of the Ziller, via 
( 17 '/o M. ) Ramsberg-Hippach and (18 M.) Biihel (Berger's Inn). 

20 M. Mayrhofen. — Hotels. •Nkcuads, COR. at 1.60-2.50, pens. 
C-10^.; Stern, 7U beds at 1.40-2, pens. 5-7^.; Alte Post, M beds at l.(X)- 
'J.40, pens. 6-7 A"., well spoken uf; Brcogek, min. to the N. of the 
station, on the left bank ..f the Ziller, 52 beds at 1.20.-2, pen.'«. 5-7 AT. ; 
Rose-, Kramer. 36 beds at 1-1. '.■0 .ST.. good; Biculwikt-, Geisi-ek, tit Strass, 
'/2M. above Mavrhofen (p. 241) U> bedst al.t'OJST. ; ."^tillupklamm Isn, at 
Haut, Vj M. farther, 40 beds at 1-1.40, pens. 5 A'., omnibus 60//., well 
spoken of. 

Mayrhofen (2065'), a village with 1300 inhab., the terminus of 
the Zillertal railway, is a much froquenteti summer-resort, beauti- 
fully situated in a green valley amidst lofty mountains (Ahoruspitze, 
Filzenberg, Tristner, Griinberg). The valley divides here into four 
branches ('Grunde'): E. the Zillergrund, S.K. the Stillup, S.W. the 
Zemmtal. W. the Tuxer Tal. 

Guides: Georg Kroll, Josef Danner, lAidwig Fankhai'ser, Jos. Wechsel- 
berger, Jos. and Simon Wegscheider, Joh. and Alex. Lechner, of 3Iayrhofen, Andrd 
Pfister, Franz MUterer, Joh. Dengg, Joh. Erler. and Andr. Hotter of Finken- 
berg; comp. also Ginzling and Rosshat; (pp. 2i2, 243). Tariff': to Ginzling 
(3 hrs.) 4, Ros.-shag (4 hrs.) 5, Breitlahner (5 hrs.) 6, the Berliner Hutte 
(8 hr.'*.) 10, Dominicus-Hiitte (7 hrs.) 9. Olperer-Hutte (10 hrs.) 12, Riffler- 
Hntte (7 hrs.) 9, Greizer Hiitte (71/2 hrs.) 9, Planener Hiitte (8 hrs.) 10^. 

An attractive walk may be taken from Brugger's Hotel, along the easy 
Mariensteig on the left bank of the Ziller, through wood, up to (l»/4 hr.) 
Astegg (3850*; '^EherVs Inn) commanding a good view of the four 'Grlinde'' 
and of the mountain- chain from t!ie Gerlnswand to the Griinberg. We 
return by a stony footpatb (pretty views) via Finkenberg to (2 hrs.) Mayr- 
hofen. From Astegg we may ascend the 'Penkenberg (687U'; 2^/4 hrs.), via 
the Mdsing Alp (rfmts.); a fine point of view (guide not indispensable for 
adepts). — Another pleasant walk of 2 hrs. (there and back) may be taken 
to the Stillup - Elamm. A new rocky path, diverging to the left at the 
(20 min.) Inn zur Stillupklamm (see above; finger-post), ascends the right 

238 ///. Route 44. BRANDBERG. Zillertal. 

bank of the Stillup-Bach (see p. 239), passing fine waterfalls, to the (*/* hr.) 
Wasserstes! (3000'), where it joins the old path (p. 239), by which we return. 
The *Ahomspitze (9T5U'i 6-6V2 brs. ; guide, not indispensable for adepts, 
12^.,- not difficult) cnmuaands a ma[;nificent view. Immediately beyond 
the (10 min.) bridge over the Zillerbach (see below) a winding path (red 
marks) ascends to the left mostly through wood via the (I'A hr.) Alpenrose 
Inn on the Loicer Fellenberg Alp (4565') to the (2'/2 hrs.) Edel-Uiitle in the 
Fellenhergkar f7340'; Inn, 24 beds at 3, 7 mattresses at 1.60 iT.) and to 
02 hrs.) the top. The descent may be made from the Edel-Hiitte by a club- 
path to the (1 hr.) Filzen Alp (6250'; fine view of the Stillup glaciers) 
and thence to the S.W. via the Kretzlherg Alp (5275') to (V4 hr.) the Lackner 
Inn in the Stillup- Tal (p. '259). 

The Zillergrnnd, which opens to the E. and is drained by the 
Zillerbach, is traversed by several fatiguing passes leading to the 
Ahrntal. The most frequented of these crosses the Heiliggeistj'dchl 
(13 hrs. from Mayrhofen toKasern; guide, not indispensable, 16 A".). 
From Mayrhofen a path (a new route is being made along the stream) 
ascends through wood to (IY2 ^ir-) Brandberg (3580'; Tanner), a 
picturesquely situated village (over the Brandberger Joch to Gerlos, 
see p. 236), and then proceeds on the right bank of the Zillerbach to 
[i^/-2hx.) HdiLsling (3450'; KroU, plain) and past the Hohenherg Alp 
to the (IV2 hr.) inn In der Au (4185'; bed 1-2 A'., well spoken of). 

The Grundschartner (10,030'; not difficult for experts) may be ascended 
hence via the Kaimen-Hiitten and the Kaimen Qlacier in 6 hrs. (guide".; 
splendid view). The descent may be made to the (2V2 hrs.) Birberg Alp 
(p. 239). — Through the Sondergrund. which opens to the S. at the Au. a 
monotonous path (red mark?) via the Kainzen-HUtten (dlSO"), the Mitter- 
HiitUn (5630"), and the SchSn-Hiilten (58330, ascends, finally over debris, to 
(5 hrs.) the Horndl-Joch (8380': fine view of the Rieterferner. etc.), and then 
descends through the Hollenz-Tal to (2V2-3 hrs.) St. Jakob in the Ahrntal 
ft>. 483). — Instead of crossing the Horndl-Joch to St. Jakob, we may (in 
the .«ame time-, guide advi.sable) proceed over the Mitter-Joch (864.0') to 
St. Peter in the Ahrn-Tal. 

Ill the Zillergrnnd. 1 hr. above the Au Alp, is the Bdrenbad Alp 
(4700'; *Wegscheider's Inn ; the innkeeper is a good guide), where 
the valley divides: to the right the Hundskehl-Grund, to the left 
(straight on) the Zillergriindl. 

A much - frequented route (12V2-13 hrs. from Mayrhofen to St. Peter; 
guide, IG jr., advisable for novices) ascends to the right through the Huvds- 
kehl Gi-und past the Sulzen Alp, Neuhiitten, and Mitter-Hutten, and, beyond 
three small lakes, over debris ti) the (4 hrs.) Hundskehl-Joch (84*^0'), with 
a view of the Rieserferner, etc.. and thence descends to (3 hrs.) St. Peter 
(p. 4S3). — The Rauchkofel (10,670'; 5V2-6 hrs from the Barenbad Alp; 
fatiguing but interesting) may be ascended by diverging to the left at the 
first lake in (he Hundskehl-Urund and ascending the detritus-slope on the 
W. side (guide necessary, from Mayrhofen Fine view from the top 
(comp. p. 484). The descent may be made to the HeiliggeistJochl (p. 239) 
or to the Waldner-See and St. Valentin (p. 483). — The Napfspitze (10,320'; 
3 hrs.), an attractive peak, not difficult for adepts, is ascended from the 
lower lake (see above) via the Hundskehl Glacier (guide 15, to St. Peter 22 A'.). 

Above the Barenbad, in the Zillergriindl, are the Zillerplatten 
Alp (5515'), the (1 hr.) Zillerhiitten Alp (5650'), and the (20 min.) 
Kuchelmoos Alp (5835'). Beyond the last the path ascends to the 
left to the (1 '/4 hr.; 8 hrs. from Mayrhofen) Plauener Hutte (7465'; 


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ZUkrtal. STILLUP-TAL. HI. Route 44. 239 

20 beds at 4 and 8 mattresses at 1 K. 20 /».), magnificently situated 
in the Kuchelmoos- Kar. 

Mountain Ascents (tariiV reckoned from the Plauener Hiitte ^ thence 
from Mayrhofen 12 A'., or lO^K". in connection with mountain-tours). The 
Reichempitze (10.845') may be ascended in 4 hrs. with guide (10 A'.), via the 
crevassed Kuchelmoos Glacier (see pp. 191. 236). Other ascents are the Kuchel- 
mootipitze (10,660'; 3' -hrs. ; guide 9 AT.), t\ie^Wildgerlot»pitze (10,770'; 41/2 hrs. ; 
guide 10 AT.), the ZilUrplattempitze (10,320'; 31/2 hrs.; marked path; guide 
10 a:.), the Zillerschartenspitze (10,290'; 3'/2hrs , guide 10 AT.), and the Schwarz- 
kopf [lO. 070' ; 3'/o-4 hrs.; guide i2K)\ descent from either of the three last 
to the Richter-Hiitte 2 K. extra. Comp. p. 191. — From the Plauener Hiitte 
over the Gamsscharte (9610') to the (4 hrs.) Richter-Hutte (p. 191), not difticult 
for experts (guide IK.). From the pass the Richtertpitze (10,150') may be 
ascended in 1/2 hr. (guide 2 K. extra), see p. 191. — An attractive marked 
path lead.s via the ZiUerplatte (9315") to the (5 hrs.) Neu-Gersdoifer HiUte on 
the Krimmler Tauern (p. 192: guide advisable after fresh snow or in foggy 
weather). — The expedition (13-14 hrs.) from Kasern via the Plauener 
Hiitte, (iamascharte, Richter-Hiitte, and the Krimmler Tauern-Haus to 
Krimml is highly recommended (comp. p. 192, 191). 

From the Plauener Hiitte a club-path gradually ascends the E. 
slope of the Zillergriindl to the (2V2 l^rs-) Heiliggeist - Jochl o