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Book ..LiAlzJiS 



6Sth Congrbss \ 
jd Session ) 



HOUSE OF REPItESENTATlVES 



EBENEZER J. HILL 

(Late a Representative from Connecticut) 



MEMORIAL ADDRESSES 

DELIVERED IN THE 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

OF THE UNITED STATES 

/JT SIXTY-FIFTH CONGRESS 

SECOND SESSION :' - ' / ■< 



Proceedings in the House 
March 3, 1918 



Proceedings in the Senate 
September 27, 1917 



PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF 
THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING 




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-■z6r?-s 



■WASHINGTON 
1919 






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Bo 01 -, 

JAM 28 ;92;T 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Page. 

Proceedings in the House 5 

Prayer by Rev. Henry N. Couden, D. D 5, 8 

Memorial addresses by — 

Mr. Schuyler Merritt, of Connecticut 11 

Mr. Champ Clark, of Missouri 18 

Mr. Claude Kitchin, of North Carolina 20 

Mr. James R. Mann, of Illinois 23 

Mr. Joseph W. Fordney, of Michigan 24 

Mr. J. Hampton Moore, of Pennsylvania 29 

Mr. William R. Green, of Iowa 31 

Mr. Charles H. Sloan, of Nebraska 38 

Mr. John Q. Tilson, of Connecticut 42 

Mr. James P. Glynn, of Connecticut 46 

Mr. Augustine Lonergan, of Connecticut 50 

Mr. Richard P. Freeman, of Connecticut 53 

Proceedings in the Senate 55 



[3] 




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HON.E3ENEZER J".HILI^ 



DEATH OF HON. EBENEZER J. HILL 



Proceedings in the House of Representati\'es 

Thursday, September 27, 1917. 
The House met at 12 o'clock noon. 

The Chaplain, Rev. Henrj' N. Couden, D. D., offered 
the following prayer: 

Our Father in Heaven, " in whom is no variableness, 
neither shadow of turning," constant in Thy ministra- 
tions, upholding, sustaining, guiding those who wait upon 
Thee, we thank Thee for past blessings and most earnestly 
praj' that we may lean with greater confidence upon Thee, 
that as individuals and as a Nation we may march onward 
and upward in righteousness, truth, and justice. 

Once more in the dispensation of Thy providence we 
are called upon to mourn the loss of a Member of this 
House. Wise in his counsels, firm in his convictions, pure 
in his motives, he leaves behind him a worthy record. 
Comfort, we beseech Thee, his colleagues, friends, and 
the bereaved family with the promises of the Gospel. 

We know not what the future hath 

Of marvel or surprise; 
Assured alone that life and death 

His mercy underlies — 

so we trust, hope, aspire, and pray in the spirit of the 
Master. Amen. 

Mr. Glynn. Mr. Speaker, it is my painful duty to an- 
nounce to this House the death of my distinguished col- 
league, the Hon. Ebenezer J. Hill, who for more than 20 
years has represented his State in Congress with remark- 
able integrity and fidelity. 

[5] 



Memorial Addhkssds: Hkphesentative Hn.i. 

At some later day i shall ask that a day be set aside 
when fitting tribute can be paid to his distinguished char- 
acter and to his eminent public sei"vices. At this time I 
offer a resolution and ask for its immediate considera- 
tion. 

The Speaker. The Clerk will report it. 

The Clerk read as follows : 

House resolution 155. 

Resolved, That the House has heard with profound sorrow of 
tlie death of Hon. Ebknezkr J. Hill, a Representative from the 
State of Connecticut. 

Resolved, That a committee of 23 Members of tlie House, with 
such Members of the Senate as may be joined, be appointed to 
attend the funeral. 

Resolved, That the Sergeant at Arms of the House be authorized 
and directed to take such steps as may be necessary for carrying 
out the provisions of this resolution, and that the necessary ex- 
penses in connection therewith be paid out of the contingent fund 
of the House. 

Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the 
Senate and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased. 

The Speaker. The question is on agreeing to the resolu- 
tion. 

The resolution was agreed to. 

The Speaker. The Chair will announce the House Mem- 
bers of the committee to attend the funeral. The Chair 
would appoint the entire Committee on Waj's and Means 
were it not for the fact that Messrs. Kitchin, Rainey, Dixon, 
Fordiiey, Garner, and Moore of Pennsylvania are on this 
conference committee on the war-revenue bill. If any of 
them want to go, I will appoint them. I do not think they 
can go, and I do not tliink they ought to go, although, of 
course, everybody had great respect for Mr. Hill, and the 
entire House would like to go. 

Mr. Kitchin. It will bo impossible, 1 will say, Mr. 
Speaker, for the first five Members to go. 
[6] 



Proceedings in the House 



The Speaker. I will appoint the committee as follows: 
Mr. Lonergan, Mr. Tilson, Mr. Glynn, Mr. Freeman, Mr. 
Gillctt, Mr. Hull of Tennessee, Mr. Garner, Mr. Collier, 
Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Oldfield, Mr. Crisp, Mr. Helvering, Mr. 
O'Shauncssy, ]\Ir. Carew, Mr. Wliitc of Ohio, Mr. Green of 
Iowa, Mr. Sloan, Mr. Longworth, Mr. George W. Fairchild, 
Mr. Sterling of Illinois, Mr. Martin of Louisiana, Mr. Tread- 
way, and Mr. Rodenberg. 

The Speaker. The Clerk will report the next resolution. 

The Clerk read as follows: 

Resolved, That as a further mark of respect this House do now 
adjourn. 

The Speaker. The question is on agreeing to the resolu- 
tion. 

The resolution was unanimously agreed to. 

Accordingly (at 12 o'clock and 20 minutes p. m.) the 
House adjourned until to-morrow, Friday, September 28, 
1917, at 12 o'clock noon. 

Friday, September 28, 1917. 
A message from the Senate, by Mr. Waldorf, its enroll- 
ing clerk, announced that the Senate had passed the fol- 
lowing resolution : 

Senate resolution 138. 

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with deep sensibility the 
announcement of the death of the Hon. Ebenezer J. Hill, late a 
Representative from the State of Connecticut. 

Resolved, That a committee of eight Senators be appointed by 
the Vice President to join a committee appointed on the part of 
the House of Representatives to take order for superintending the 
funeral. 

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a copy of these reso- 
lutions to the House of Representatives and to the family of the 
deceased. 

Resolved, That as a further mark of respect to the memory of 
the deceased the Senate do now adjourn. 

[7] 



Memohiai. Addhkssk.s: Ri:riu:sENTATivK H11.1. 

And that in compliance wilh the foregoing resolution 
the Vice President had appointed as the committee on the 
part of the Senate Mr. Brandcgee, Mr. McLean, Mr. Dil- 
lingham, Mr. Fernald, Mr. James, Mr. Overman, Mr. Pom- 
erene, and Mr. Newlands. 

Friday, February 8, 1918. 

Mr. Merrht. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that 
Sunday, March 3, 1918, he set apart for addresses upon 
the life, character, and public services of Hon. Ebenezi;r 
J. Hii.i., late a Representative from the State of Connecti- 
cut. 

The Speaker. The gentleman from Connecticut asks 
unanimous consent that Sunday, March 3, 1918, be set 
apart for addresses on the life, character, and public 
services of the late Representative Hill. Is there objec- 
tion? 

There was no objection. 

Thursday, February 28, 1918. 
The Speaker. The Chair designates Mr. Tilson, of Con- 
necticut, to preside next Sunday. 

Sunday, March 3, 1918. 

The House met at 12 o'clock noon and was called to 
order by Mr. Tilson as Speaker pro tempore. 

The Chaplain, Rev. Henry N. Couden, D. D., offered the 
following prayer: 

Infinite Spirit, our Heavenly Father, we bless Thee for 
the faith that holds our course to Thee; for the hope that 
cheers us on our way; for the love that reflects itself from 
a thousand angels in crystallized thoughts and acts, in 
deeds of kindness and generosity, in the sacrifices around 



[8] 



Proceedings in the House 



the fireside wliich pour tlieniselves out in motlierly solici- 
tude and fatlierly care, in the heroism for the principles 
we love, and in the glory of the holy sacrifices on the field 
of battle; for these angels enthroned in the heart of man, 
the wireless telegraphy that keeps us in touch with Thee. 

We are here to-day in memory of a statesman who has 
finished the work Thou didst give him to do for his con- 
stituents, State, and Nation. Strong in his conceptions, 
pure in his motives, firm in his convictions, he leaves 
behind him a record worthy of a place on the pages of 
historj'. 

Comfort his colleagues, friends, and those who were 
near to him in the ties of love; and bring us all, in Thine 
own good time, to dwell together with the faithful in Him 
who taught us life, liberty, truth, justice, mercy; and ever- 
lasting praise be Thine. Amen. 

The Speaker pro tempore. Tlie Clerk will read the 
special order. 

The Clerk read as follows: 

On motion of Mr. Merritt, by unanimous consent, 

Ordered, That Sunday, March 3, 1918, be set apart for addresses 

upon the life, character, and public services of Hon. Ebenezer J. 

Hill, late a Representative from the State of Connecticut. 

Mr. Merritt. Mr. Speaker, I offer the following resolu- 
tion. 

The Speaker pro tempore. The gentleman from Con- 
necticut offers a resolution, which the Clerk vAll report. 

The Clerk read as follows: 

House resolution 263. 

Resolved, That the business of the House be now suspended, 
that opportunity may be given for tributes to the memory of Hon. 
Ebenezer J. Hill, late a Member of this House from the State of 
Connecticut. 



[9] 



Mkmoriai. Addressfs : Represkxtatix-k Hii.i. 

Resolved, That as a particular mark of respect to the memory of 
the deceased, and in recognition of his distinguislied public career, 
the House, at the conclusion of these exercises, shall stand ad- 
journed. 

Resolved, That the Clerk comnuinicate these resoUilions to the 
Senate. 

Resolved, That the Clerk send a copy of these resolutions to the 
family of the deceased. 

The resolutions were agreed to. 



[10] 



MEMORIAL ADDRESSES 



Address of Mr. Merritt, of Connecticut 

Mr. Speaker : It is hard for me to appreciate that I speak 
here not merely as Mr. Hill's friend and constituent but 
as his successor. He had for so many years and so ade- 
quately represented the district that he had become an 
institution, and, I may add. an institution which the dis- 
trict and the countrj' could ill afford to lose. The district 
regarded him with confidence in his honesty and wisdom, 
and those who knew him with affection also. While it is 
true that he was a strong party man, it is true also that 
he regarded all individuals and all interests in his district 
as under his care, and they received it. Democrats and 
Republicans alike; so that after election was over all par- 
ties regarded him as their Representative, and he accepted 
the trust in that broad way. He had a peculiar right to 
represent Fairfield County. There have been in this coun- 
try no hereditarj' titles or privileges, but fortunately there 
are some families with hereditary, abilitj' and character. 
The Hill family is one of these, and its paternal ances- 
tors have been residents in Fairfield County from its 
earliest settlement. Andrew Ward, the only man ap- 
pointed by the Colony of Massachusetts on both its Com- 
mittee of the Church and Committee of the State to 
organize the Colony of Connecticut, was an ancestor. 

William Hill, the first Hill ancestor in America, was a 
member of the first colonial Connecticut Legislature, at 
Hartford, and so continued until his death. 

Two hundred and fifty years later his descendant, 
Ebenezer J. Hill, was a member of that same legislature, 
by that time, however, the legislature of a sovereign State. 
[11] 



Memohiai, Addhkssks : Hei'rf.sentativk Hii.i. 

During that interval of 2.")0 years there was no time 
when members of the family were not serving the church 
and State. 

The Rev. John .Tones, of Concord, Mass., the first min- 
ister of the town of Fairfield, was an ancestor, and was 
publicly recognized as active in forwarding the interests 
of the Colony. 

Many other persons prominent in the county history 
from colonial times down to the present are among his 
ancestors. 

And a study of this ancestry shows also how and why 
he was among the earliest to form and avow the convic- 
tion that women should have equal rights and opportu- 
nities Avith men. 

Mr. Hill's own mother was the wife of a minister of 
Hartford, and when her husband was ill for some weeks 
she conducted the services to the satisfaction of the con- 
gregation. His grandfather Hill was one of the early 
Methodists in Connecticut, and was also a leading aboli- 
tionist and suffered considerable persecution on that 
account. 

His maternal ancestors were Scotch and came to Port- 
land, Me., then called Falmouth and under the jurisdic- 
tion of the Colony of Massachusetts. 

These ancestors were of the same sort, and, being nearer 
the frontier, took even a more active part in the Indian 
and colonial wars. 

Pacifists were at that period neither popular nor numer- 
ous, and if there were any slackers they were not in the 
Hill ancestry. 

Time will not permit to follow this inquiry over the 
seas, but it is of interest to note that the wife of the first 
Hill in America was the daughter of Ignatius Jourdain, 
who was deputy mayor of Exeter, in England; and he, 
during a plague, when the mayor had fled, remained at 



[12] 



Address of Mr. Merritt, of Connecticut 

his post and did almost superhuman relief work. Later 
he was summoned before the star chamber under the 
Stuarts for refusing to yield Ms religious convictions. 

And so, to represent this line of God-fearing and man- 
serving people, Ebenezer J. Hill was born in Redding, 
Conn., in 1845. 

This lineage and this background were a precious in- 
heritance and a strong incentive, and well did he profit 
from the first and respond to the second. 

His ability and industry were early shown by the fact 
that he passed his entrance examination for Yale at the 
age of II, but owing to the regulations he could not enter 
until 1861, in the class of 1865. 

The young men of that time, like our young men now, 
felt the call of country, and in his sophomore year, 1863, 
he tried to enlist, but was still too young, so he took the 
only opening that presented itself and entered in the 
Quartermaster Department as assistant to his brother, 
Maj. Asburj' Hill, and there remained until the end of 
the war. 

He did not complete his undergraduate course, but in 
1895 Yale conferred upon him the degree of A. M. in 
recognition of his public services. 

Upon reentering civil life after the war he at once went 
into active business, not neglecting his public duties and 
responsibilities. 

To indicate his varied activity it may be mentioned that 
for 25 years and until he was elected to Congress he was 
in the lumber business; and also, at different times, he 
was president of the Norwalk Street Railway Co., Nor- 
walk Gas Light Co., Norwalk Mills Co., and later vice 
president and then president of the National Bank of 
Norwalk, which office he held at the time of his death. 

During this period he was active in performing his 
duties as a citizen in the town and borough of Norwalk, 



[13] 



Mkmohiaj, Ai)i)nt;ssi;.s : Rkphesentative Hili. 

serving as a member of the city government and also upon 
the board of school visitors. 

In 1884 he was a delegate to the Republican national 
convention at Chicago, which nominated James G. Blaine; 
and in 1886 he was elected a member of the Connecticut 
State Senate, and some valuable constructive legislation 
was credited to him at that lime. 

In 1894 he was elected to the Fifty-fourth Congress, and 
began that service which lasted, with the exception of a 
single Congress, the Sixty-third, until his death, in 1917. 

This period of service in the House, consisting of more 
than 20 years, was longer by over 2 years than that of 
any man who had j)rovi()usly represented Connecticut. 

His ability and industry early gave him a standing in 
the House which time and experience confirmed and 
strengthened. Aside from other committee work, he 
served for 8 years on the Banking and Currency Com- 
mittee and 14 years on the Ways and Means Committee. 
Of his work on those committees and in Congress his col- 
leagues here present can speak with more intimate knowl- 
edge and greater authority than I. We in his district, 
however, had good reason to know of his untiring devo- 
tion to his work, his constant study of economic condi- 
tions, especially with regard to manufactures in this coun- 
try and abroad, and his wonderful accumulation of facts, 
which was indeed encyclopedic. 

In his later years he had a deserved national reputa- 
tion as an authority on matters of the tariff and banking. 
In addition to his studies he added to his store of knowl- 
edge by wide travel and careful and accurate observa- 
tion. Scarcely a vacation passed without his going to 
some foreign land for pleasure and study combined, and 
he always added to his store of useful information. I say 
useful advisedly, because he was no collector of dry facts 
but rather of facts as tools for use. 



[14] 



Address of Mr. Merritt, of Connecticut 

He cared for this knowledge not as a historian but as 
a forward-looking statesman. Tliis is shown by the fact 
that he not merely helped on good measures, but he 
either originated or was among the pioneers in legis- 
lation which was then and still is most beneficial in this 
country. 

He had a leading part in establishing the gold standard, 
his speech in Congress on that subject being used through- 
out the United States as a textbook and authority. To 
his credit largely are to be placed the establishment of 
rural free delivery, his own district being the second 
district in which rural free deliver^' was established; 
free alcohol for the arts; and the chemical schedule in 
the present tariff bill, wliich promises to establish the 
dyestuff industry in this country. 

He was also an ardent supporter of national enfran- 
chisement of women — and this years before it became a 
political issue or even popular. Indeed, he stood on this 
platform in the face of threats that it might imperil 
his renomination. He was prominent in the Methodist 
Church and in the Order of Odd Fellows. 

And with all this tremendous activity and diversity of 
interest and occupation he had a fine capacity for friend- 
ship and good-fellowship. 

There was no town in his district where he had not 
hosts of friends; no assembly w'here he was not welcome 
nor where his coming did not add to its pleasure. To 
illustrate one phase of his character which did not always 
appear on the surface may I give one personal anecdote? 

Among his friends was a Catholic priest. Father Fur- 
long, of Norwalk. Before his trip to the Holy Land 
Mr. Hill called on his friend, then sick unto death, and 
asked him if there was anything he could bring liim. Said 
the father, " If I live so long, I should like above all 
things to have you bring me a rosarj' from the Holy Citj'." 



[15] 



Memorial Addresses: Representative Hill 

When Mr. Hill was in the Garden of Gethsemane, which 
was under the care of monks of the Franciscan order, he 
noted an old olive tree said to have been there since the 
days of our Lord. In conversation with the abbot he 
learned that the olive stones were carefully preserved and 
niade into rosaries, hut were reserved strictly for the 
members of the order and never sold. Thereupon Mr. 
HiLi. told the abbot the story of his dying friend, the priest 
in NorwalTi, and what a solace and inspiration this rosary 
coming from this particular place, and made by the monks 
of his order, would be to this dying man. The abbot was 
touched by the storj', and said that he felt justified in 
breaking the rule, and presented Mr. Hill with this ro- 
sary, which, fortunately, he was able to place in the hands 
of his friend before he died; and when he died this rosary 
was clasped in his hand. 

Mr. Hill's high devotion to duty never left him. Al- 
though he was too ill, he made a special trip to Washing- 
ton last July in order to speak on an important pending 
measure. On the 25th of July he made a brilliant speech 
in the House that attracted the attention both of the House 
and the country. Then he went home, and on the very 
next day, though suffering from exhaustion and overwork, 
he went to the station to join in the farewell to the boys 
of the Sixth Company of Coast Artillery', of which his own 
nephew, Albert Mossman, is captain. He spoke inspir- 
ingly to those young men, pointing out to them that they 
were not going out for conquest, but for the fulfillment of 
a patriotic duty, and then called on those remaining at 
home to fulfill their duly in the maintenance of democracy 
in its best form. 

That was his last public appearance, and from then un- 
til the 27th day of September, 1917, when he died, he gi-ew 
steadily weaker, until his splendid constitution was worn 
out, although his mind remained clear and alert until the 



[16] 



Address of Mr. Merritt, of Connecticut 

last. And I think we can say of him that he, like his 
friend the priest, died clasping to his heart his rosary of 
public duty. 

Gentlemen, tliis seems to me a record of a happy and 
well-spent life. President Eliot has said that the only 
real happiness is in doing some good tiling well. Our 
friend did many good things in the service of his town, his 
State, his country, and his fellow men; and he did them 
all well. 

We can readily believe that he has heard the Master say 
"Well done, thou good and faithful servant; enter thou 
into the joy of thy Lord." 



116938°— 19- 



[17] 



Address of Mr. Clark, of Missodri 

Mr. Speaker: I served several years with our lamented 
friend, Ebenezer J. Hill, on the great Committee on Ways 
and Means, long service on which is, within itself, a liberal 
education. First and last, strong men of almost all occu- 
pations or professions testify or argue before it — in fact, 
every class of men except fools. So far as 1 know, they 
never appeared before that committee. Mr. Hill was a 
working member of both the committee and the House. 
He was one of the most industrious of mortals, and by 
constant toil he accumulated a vast quantity of informa- 
tion on a variety of subjects — particularly on economic 
subjects, on which he was an expert. 

One of my college professors frequently said that some 
people had memories like a tar bucket, to which everj'- 
thing that touched it stuck. Certainly Mr. Hill's memory 
was of that variety. Consequently he probably possessed 
as much information as any other man in the House. 

He was not an orator, but a forceful speaker — a crack 
debater. He was exceedingly tenacious of his opinions, 
advocating and defending them with energy- — indeed, with 
vehemence. He enjoyed a mental and linguistic contest, 
and when he thought he had the best of a clash the evi- 
dences of his pleasure were patent to all obsers'ers. 

A staunch Republican partisan, he was a thoroughgoing 
American, fighting for his countrj' in his youth, serving 
her faithfully in his mature years in this great arena of 
intellectual struggles. 

He was a seasoned traveler, and illumined his speeches 
and his conversation with facts and illustrations garnered 
in foreign lands — always to the edification of liis hearers. 



[18] 



Address of Mr. Clark, of Missouri 



He was an intense protectionist, but he never fell out 
with men of different views or underrated their capacity. 

He was an agreeable companion and estimated highly 
the value of friendship. 

His death was a positive loss to this House, to his State, 
and to the countrs-. 



[19] 



Address of Mk. Kitciiin, of Noktii Cahoi.ina 

Mr. Speaker: When I first met Mr. Hill, back in the 
Fifty-seventh Congress, his fourth term and my first, he 
impressed me as a most forceful character and a most 
courteous and considerate gentleman. In my l.") years of 
service with him here I never saw anything to impair, but 
everything to strengthen, that impression. For more than 
a decade preceding liis death Hill was a commanding 
figure in the House. His intellect, his integrity, his cour- 
age, his sense of right and truth, his diligent study of 
legislation, his courteous deportment, his sympathetic im- 
pulses combined to qualify him as such. .\nd he looked 
the part. 

If we except the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. Mann], 
the incomparable minority leader, I doubt if any man in 
Congress in the last 1.^ years was as tireless a worker or 
as diligent a student of legislation as he. While well in- 
formed on every subject of legislation, he was more of an 
expert on questions of finance and the tariff. I doubt if 
the late Mr. Payne in his best day had more accurate 
information with respect to the tariff or gave to it closer 
study than had Mr. Hill. 

I remember hearing Speaker Clark say once that Mr. 
Payne knew more about the tariff than any living man. 
In the Sixty-second Congress, when the House under 
Democratic control was attempting to revise the tariff, 
schedule by schedule, I regarded Mr. Hill the most ag- 
gressive, the most agile, and the most dangerous opponent 
of the several revision measures. Frequently I was struck 
with amazement at the fund of information, and the accu- 
racy of it, he displayed on this floor. He was a splendid 

[20] 



Address of Mr. Kitchin, of North Carolina 

debater, with a keen, penetrating mind. He saw at once 
the weak and strong points of every question, argument, 
or position. He was a factor to be reckoned with in every 
contest. His logic and arguments seemed convincing. 
He was never rhetoricak He expressed his thoughts with 
emphatic clearness. His deliverj' was earnest and force- 
ful and oftentimes picturesque. At times he rushed on 
his opponent like a whirlwind. In the fiercest combat 
he never gave offense, but remained civil and courteous 
througliout. He was a foeman worthy of the best steel. 
He was a hard hitter, but never an unfair one. He struck 
always in the open. He and I had many a lively tilt, both 
on the floor and in the Waj's and Means Committee, of 
which, for many years, he was a leading member. We 
have given and taken many hard blows, but they never 
left a sore spot on either. I admired him and held him in 
the highest esteem. I am happy in the belief that we 
tnjoyed one another's confidence and friendship. 

He frequently visited my office, especially in the Sixty- 
fourth Congress. The last time he visited the Capitol we 
spent together in my office an hour of most pleasant con- 
ference. He was then a sick man, but his mind was as 
vigorous as ever. He was then keenly interested in and 
anxious over coming legislation. I never saw him, well 
or sick, that his eagle eye and nose did not reveal the 
fighter. I observed it with admiration on this last occa- 
sion. As the gentleman from Connecticut, his honorable 
successor, indicated in his interesting and splendid ad- 
dress, he came from a race of fighters. Yet he was as 
genial and sweet-spirited and lovable a gentleman as one 
cares to meet. He was of unimpeachable character. I 
never heard the slightest reflection cast upon him. The 
breath of the faintest suspicion never blew about him. He 
led a clean, pure, open life, both private and public. He 
was a Christian gentleman in the truest sense. The State 



[21] 



MkMOKIAI. AdDKKSSES: RKPRESENTAin-E HlI.I. 

and the district which he served so long, so faithfully, so 
ably, were most fortunate in having such a man to repre- 
sent them at the Nation's Capital. 

His loved ones who mourn his death have full right and 
reason to he proud of his career and of his name. The 
House in honoring to-day the memory of one so worthy 
does honor to itself. The opportunity' extended me by his 
distinguished successor to speak these simple words of 
appraisement of our deceased friend and comrade I count 
as a real privilege, as it is a genuine liappiness. 



[22] 



Address of Mr. Mann, of Illinois 

Mr. Speaker: I was shocked and inexpressibly sad- 
dened when I learned of the death of Mr. Hill. Of 
course, I knew that he had been ill, like myself. We 
had mutually advised each other to cut out work and 
rest. 

Mr. Hill was a real statesman. He became a recog- 
nized authorit}', particularly upon economic problems, 
and especially upon finance, and under that on banking, 
currency, and the tariff. 

When I became the Republican leader in the House I 
often turned to Mr. Hill for advice and information. 1 
had a number of sessions with him, and his remarkable 
fund of information was very striking. He was one of 
the most intense characters that 1 have ever met. I used 
to wonder sometimes, in the House, when Mr. Hill was 
in debate, with that fiery earnestness and intensity, with 
his hand and finger pointed as though his words would 
burn — I used to wonder sometimes, looking at him, 
whether he would come down to earth again. Then 
would come that genial smile following the intense argu- 
ment, showing that his feet were on the ground all the 
time. I never saw him when he was so intense that he 
could not be a good-natured, smiling, sweet-tempered 
gentleman. 

If it were not for my own condition 1 should be glad 
to speak longer. This is the first time, Mr. Speaker, that 
I have spoken in the House since toward the middle of 
last July, and it was only because of my intense admira- 
tion and affection for Mr. Hill that I felt obliged to-day 
to satisfy myself in making these few remarks in memory 
of one of the great men of the House, a distinct loss to 
the House and to the country, and also my particular 
friend. 

[23] 



Address of Mr. Fordney, of Michigan 

Mr. Speaker: Every great country recognizes and 
honors its great men. To-day we meet to honor the 
memory of a veteran Menihcr, who for more than a score 
of years stood among the foremost in the framing of 
legislation. Almost from the first he was known as a 
strong, fearless, ahle, and intelligent advocate of all that 
tends to make us great and keep us free. He came here 
an accomplished, energetic, successful man of affairs, and 
in all matters pertaining to business, revenue, and finance 
his advice was early recognized as wise, conscientious, 
and sound. In the days when Payne of New York, Dalzell 
of Pennsylvania, Grosvenor of Ohio, and Boutell of Illi- 
nois were often spoken of as the big four of the Repub- 
lican side, it would have been hard to say that Hill of 
Connecticut was not just as mucli entitled to membership 
in the leading quartet. 

He represented an element of which there is always too 
small a representation in Congress — the constructive, suc- 
cessful man of affairs. In its hours of ease the Congress 
has been prone to bait and belittle the men of this coun- 
try who organize and finance its business, and to imagine 
that in some way the lawyer and politician can run 
things; but after doing a great deal to hamper and handi- 
cap the men who accomplish results, the recent months 
of stress and peril have seen the Government turn its ap- 
pealing hands to these men as the hope of the country. 
And they are. 

Mr. Hill came here at the opening of the Fifty-fourth 
Congress, on the first Monday in December, 189."). Of the 
Members who outranked him in length of service, only 
six remain with us— Joseph G. Cannon, of Illinois, with 

[24] 



Address of Mr. Fordney, of Michigan 

21 terms to his credit; William A. Jones, of Virginia, 14 
terms; Henrj' Allen Cooper, of Wisconsin, and Frederick 
H. Gillett, of Massachusetts, 13 terms; Champ Clark, of 
Missouri, and J. Fred Talbott, of Maryland, 12 terms each. 
George Edmund Foss, of Illinois, Frank W. Mondell, of 
Wyoming, and Richard Wayne Parker, of New Jersey, 
each with 11 terms of service, came to this House in the 
same Congress and stood before the Speaker's desk to 
receive the oath of office at the same time as did Mr. Hill. 
Two Members of shorter service, Charles R. Crisp, of 
Georgia, and Renjamin L. Fairchild, of New York, also 
served in the Fifty-fourth Congress. 

A glance at Mr. Hill's early speeches will show that 
from the very start he shov.'ed that broad, piercing vision 
that alvi-aj-s is found in the statesman and the man of 
large affairs. The very first speech that he delivered, on 
Februarj' 11, 1896, reads almost like a prophecy. He said 
that the issues were three: First, adequate revenue, based 
on protection lines, to fully meet expenses, reduce to some 
extent the national debt, and develop the resources of 
the Nation; second, a sound system of national finance 
to give the business interests of the countn,' peace; third 
(and could he have said it better if he had been speaking 
to-day?) : 

We must maintain the honor and protect the rights of the 
American people everywhere, abroad as well as at home, and 
give sympathy, encouragement, and hope to men who are fighting 
for freedom in other lands. 

Througliout his whole membership here he was always 
the champion of the rights and prerogatives of the House, 
and his verj' last utterance on this floor was on July 25, 
1917, when he rose to a question of privilege and, as a 
member of the Ways and Means Committee, called atten- 
tion to the fact that he thought the privileges of the House 
were being invaded by the action of the Senate in propos- 
ing to raise money by certificates of indebtedness, the 
[25] 



MivMORiAi. Ai)i)Hi:.ssi:s : Rki'Ki:.si;ntati\t; Hii.i, 

fuiKiion of tliis House to originate. He said the Repub- 
lican iNIenibers of tlie House proposed to stand by tlie ad- 
ministration, but they wanted to do it "legally, fairly, 
and squarely." Legally, fairly, and squarely! That was 
the way Mr. Hill always did things. He was manly, 
straightforward, direct, affirmative, constructive — an 
American of whom his associates, his State, and his coun- 
try arc proud. 

Mr. Hill's two great specialties in legislation were our 
financial system and the tarifl". In matters relating to 
banking and currency he possessed a practical knowledge 
and a breadth of vision rarely equaled and never sur- 
passed by any Member within this generation. 

He was sent here by a constituency that recognized the 
value of long service, and so was able to develop his 
capacity as a legislator, and to give to his district and his 
country the benefit of the ripe experience that can come 
only from years of apprenticeship in the business of being 
a Congressman. 

I have said that there were six men of longer service 
than Mr. Hill remaining in the House and two others who 
had served as long. It is only a little while ago, and j'ct, 
of the great company of 357 men who formed the House 
of the Fiftj'-fourth Congress, where are the rest? Some, 
like Pitney, of New Jersey, and McMillin, of Tennessee, 
now occupy high posts in other departments of the Gov- 
ernment. A few others, like Bankhead, of Alabama, 
Curtis, of Kansas, Shafroth, of Colorado, Smith, of Michi- 
gan, and Underwood, of Alabama, now hold places of 
honor in the Senate of the United States. Some are pros- 
perous in private life. But we have held solemn services 
like these for many of them, and many others have died 
since their membership here was ended. 

In that Congress the Speaker was Thomas B. Reed, of 
Maine, who was cx-officio chairman of the Committee on 
Rules. Nelson Dingley, of Maine, was chairman of the 
[26] 



Address of Mr. Fordney, of Michigan 

Committee on Ways and Means. Among the other mem- 
bers of that committee were Sereno E. Payne, of New 
York; Charles H. Grosvenor, of Ohio; Jonathan P. Dolli- 
ver, of Iowa; Charles F. Crisp, of Georgia, ex-Speaker and 
father of our honored colleague Charles R. Crisp. Joseph 
G. Cannon, of Illinois, was chairman of the Comniittee 
on Appropriations. In his right hand is length of days, 
in his left hand honor and affection. Long, long, indeed, 
may he be spared to us and to his country. The chairman 
of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce 
was William P. Hepburn, of Iowa; on Banking and Cur- 
rency, Joseph H. Walker, of Massachusetts; on the District 
of Columbia, Joseph W. Babcock, of Wisconsin; on Edu- 
cation, Galusha A. Grow, of Pennsylvania; on Foreign Af- 
fairs, Robert R. Hitt, of Illinois; on Indian Affairs, James 
S. Sherman, of New York; on Invalid Pensions, John A. 
Pickler, of South Dakota; on the Judiciarj', David B. 
Henderson, of Iowa; on the Merchant Marine and Fish- 
eries, Sereno E. PajTie, of New York; on Naval Affairs, 
Charles A. Boutelle, of Maine; on Pensions, Henry C. 
Loudenslager, of New Jersey; on the Post Office and Post 
Roads, Eugene F. Loud, of California; on Public Buildings 
and Grounds, Sefh L. Milliken, of Maine. 

On what was the minority side of the House were 
Leonidas F. Li\'ingston, of Georgia; Francis G. Newlands, 
of Nevada; James D. Richardson, of Tennessee; James E. 
Cobb, of Alabama; David A. De Armond, of Missouri; 
William H. Grain, of Texas; Hernando D. Money, of Mis- 
sissippi; Josiah Patterson, of Tennessee; and Henry G. 
Turner, of Georgia. Scores of others that I might men- 
tion call up vivid memories of great debates and great 
service. As we hear their names their voices echo again 
in our ears. We see their faces; we recall their hearty 
handclasps as we greeted them session after session. 
They make for us a moving picture of friendship, of char- 
acter, of manly strength. Yesterday they were with us. 
[27] 



Memorial Am)iu;.ssEs: Rki'resentativk Hii.i. 

Now the calling of the roll of their names is answered 
only by silence and our own heartache. Our Members 
fall like soldiers. And, Mr. Speaker, what a scene of 
struggle this Hall has been. The issues for which the 
men of 22 years ago were fighting here have many of them 
gone. Then Grover Cleveland was in his second term, 
and the country was divided on the question of the free 
and unlimited coinage of silver. Since then the legisla- 
tive pendulum has swung both ways on the tariff ques- 
tion. Government operation of utilities, the efficient coor- 
dination of all business activities, the development to the 
utmost of national resources, the conservation of food 
and fuel, the quick development of a great merchant fleet, 
these and the other paramount questions now under dis- 
cussion were unborn and unknown subjects in legislative 
halls. The great roll of missing men, as well as the new 
subjects that we must discuss and settle as best we can, 
serve to remind us of the thought so eloquently expressed 
long ago by Edmund Burke, when, on hearing of the death 
of liis opponent for a seat in Parliament, he exclaimed, 
"What shadows we are and what shadows we pursue! "' 



[28] 



Address of Mr. Moore, of Pennsylvania 

Mr. Speaker: We call the flower of American man- 
hood for the purposes of war. The aged wc leave behind 
for counsel. The infirm, the halt, the unfit we do not 
take. It is one of the curious inconsistencies of our times 
that when the sound of battle calls we send forward to 
the supreme test the best we have and leave behind, even 
as a burden or a menace, much that the body politic 
might well dispense with; but this is the soldier's way. 

If we go into the orchard when the fruit is ripening 
we take not the gnarled and unfit fruit. We leave it to 
sap the strength of the tree and take that fruit only 
which is wholesome, that which is rosy-red. When we 
enter the garden we do not pluck the thistles and the 
thorns nor the rose that is shedding its bloom. We pick 
that flower which is purest and fairest. 

Sometimes I think it is so with men in private and in 
public life. We yield up those who have been most 
serviceable, those who are most capable by experience 
and learning to sustain our aims. Strange, is it not, 
that when one has perfected liimself for public work and 
has acquired such knowledge and information as has 
been accurately attributed to our lamented colleague, 
Mr. Hill, that we should suddenly be bereft of his asso- 
ciation and services? But this surely is not our way; it 
is God's way, and we may neither question nor resist it. 

Ebenezer J. Hill, as has been so eloquently stated by 
the distinguished leader of the majority [Mr. I\itchin] and 
by our beloved minority leader [Mr. Mann], was of states- 
man stature. He was a strong legislator. The foundation 
was in him. He had grown step by step, through the in- 
fluences that environed him yonder at Norwalk and 
[29] 



Memorial Addresses: Representativi: Hu.i, 

throughout Connecticut, until he was the peer of those 
with whom he came in contact here. 

He had specialized upon economics, upon finance, upon 
the national revenues. He made these great national 
topics his special study, but he equipped himself in other 
ways to match the masters of debate in this House and to 
bring credit to his State and his countrj'. He was a genius 
at figures, and he noted the small things, so (hat he might 
be able to control the larger ones. Did he give informa- 
tion to the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. Mann], as indi- 
cated in the feeling speech so recently delivered? Yes; 
because he had studied, because he had investigated, be- 
cause he had made notes, and was sure of his facts. Pass- 
ing events of importance did not drift from his memorj'; 
he noted and preserved them for such emergencies as 
might arise. He did not let the incidents of the day pass 
by so that Ihey might be useless to-morrow. Therein was 
much of his strength as a debater. 

My personal acquaintance with Mr. Hill began about 
that time when he was a contemporary in this House with 
Mr. Payne, Mr. Dalzell, and Mr. Fordney on the one side 
and with Mr. Clark, now Speaker, Mr. Underwood, and 
Mr. Kitchin on the other. 1 came here in the Fifty-ninlh 
Congress when Mr. Hill was in the heyday of his activi- 
ties. It was my privilege to observe and to follow him in 
all essentials, for in the larger, broader sense Ebexezer J. 
Hill stood for the rights of America and the preservation 
of those rights. He had observed and studied the eco- 
nomic conditions that prevailed elsewhere. He believed 
in American ideals, and hoped for the perpetuation of all 
that was superior in American life. 



[30] 



Address of Mr. Green, of Iowa 

Mr. Speaker: I first became acquainted with Mr. Hilx 
when I entered this House in 1911. As a new Member, my 
attention was naturally called to him as one of its leaders. 
I well remember in the early days of my membership 
seeing him take the floor in the midst of an exciting po- 
litical conflict to deliver one of those powerful addresses 
for which he was noted. The impression which he made 
I shall not easily forget. With all the energy he pos- 
sessed he struck without fear or favor, and like some 
champion of old, whose blows sounded upon his enemy's 
shield, his voice rang out in challenge to his adversaries. 
Striding back and forth in front of the rostrum, with 
gestures as vigorous as his speech, always in attack and 
never in defense, he seemed the impersonation of a par- 
liamentary debater. 

He who rises to eminence in so great a parliamentaiy 
body as a House of Representatives selected from a hun- 
dred millions of people must possess both ability and in- 
dustry, and one or the other to a marked degree. Nor is 
that all. The path to that elevation is usualty a long and 
wearj' road, ascended through struggle and combat, by 
toil and labor. At rare and long intervals some genius 
has speedily risen, but often generations pass without any 
quick and dazzling success. In the few years that I have 
been in the House I have seen lawyers of rare talent, 
jurists of high standing, authors of note, scholars of repu- 
tation, business men of renown, coine, and in many cases 
go, only to find that a high position here must be estab- 
lished by capacit}' shown for the new work which they 
were undertaking. 

In truth, the science of legislation is the most compre- 
hensive of all studies. He who would understand it fully 
[31] 



Memorial AnonEssEs: Representative Him. 

must know not only the history of his own country but the 
history of ail countries. He must be familiar with the 
development and growlli of societj', the principles upon 
which civilization rests, and the lines upon which it must 
advance. Nor must he be a mere theorist or a dreamer. 
In no place is a capacity for the practical so much needed. 
Nowhere is a vision for the future so much desired. The 
learning of the past, the tendency of the present, the 
demands of the future, the methods of business, and the 
toil of labor must be considered. The field is limitless. 
None can hope to cover it all, and many must content 
themselves with but a small portion of the ground within 
its boundaries. But the field is divisible; and if a legis- 
lator has thoroughly mastered one of its important divi- 
sions we say that he has done well. 

Mr. Hill brought to his duties a mass of useful material. 
He had been both a student and a man of affairs. No 
economic work worth while had escaped his attention. 
There was no kind of business with which he did not have 
an acquaintance, and his personal experience and prac- 
tical knowledge in connection with and in relation to 
some of the most important lines of industry qualified him 
to speak as an expert. He had traveled widely, both at 
home and abroad, not with the carelessness of the sight- 
seer but as a student of world conditions, and often made 
use of the knowledge thus acquired to illuminate discus- 
sion and shape the course of his own legislative action. 
Few men in this House have brought to their duties such 
a wealth of acquired knowledge and practical experi- 
ence. As a result, his counsel and advice was sought not 
only by Members of the House but by Cabinet Secretaries 
and Presidents. 

But no amount of information and learning, however 

great it may be, will complete the finished legislator. 

There are many who are able to see what ought to be 

accomplished, and to the uninitiated the enactment of a 

[32] 



Address of Mr. Green, of Iowa 



statute seems an easy task. Knowing the object of leg- 
islation, they fancy it is easy to so express it in a law 
that the purpose will be carried out. In fact, it is most 
difTicult. Hence the orator, no matter how great he may 
be, has his limitations in Congress. Speeches seldom 
change votes. Debates may possibly turn the tide of 
liistorj^ But the man of high legislative ability must be 
capable of originating constructive policies and forming 
statutes which will efTectuate their purpose. For this 
there is needed not only a creative mind, but also one 
which is logical, accurate, and precise. Men have passed 
through Congress and emerged with the fame of great 
orators, sometimes with the reputation of great debaters, 
and yet have left upon the statute books not so much as 
a mark to indicate that they have ever been Members of 
that body. Their abilitj^ was, in fact, conDned to a flow 
of eloquence or a capacity for sharp retort and stinging 
repartee. Mr. Hill was not one of that class. In fact, I may 
say truthfully he rose far above it. His abilities were of 
the solid and enduring type, and his course in Congress 
marked by definite achievements. He could not only 
shape and defend a policy, but he could look beneath the 
glitter and veneer which covers the vagaries of the thought- 
less and the wiles of the demagogue and expose their 
fallacies with merciless logic. As he passed along the 
evidence of his work remained behind him. We find it 
securely preserved in the laws of the land. 

While connected with large enterprises, Mr. Hill 
realized fully that the greatness of this country must de- 
pend upon the prosperity and advancement of the masses 
of its people. Indeed, he was too just in his perceptions 
and too clear in his thought to in any event deny them that 
to which they were justly entitled. While never a theorist, 
his dream was to make this land one which throughout 
its boundaries would be inhabited by a prosperous, 
contented, and enlightened people. He believed that the 

116938°— 19 3 [33] 



Mi;m()IU.\i. Ai)1)hi;ssi:s : I{i;i'hi:si;nt.\tivi; IIii.i. 

laborer was worlhy of liis hire and that his wages should 
always be comniensurale with his jjroduction. He wished 
to put hope in the mind of the toiler and ambition in his 
breast; to have our social system and laws so maintained 
as to give opportunity for all and justice to everyone. 
Thus the great problems of labor and capital were ever 
studied by him to find some solution which would right- 
fully apportion the share which each could claim, always 
regarding the necessities of the toiler as coming lirsl and 
endeavoring that conditions should be so adjusted that 
his reasonable demands should be met. He rightfully 
considered that the policies of this Nation should be such 
as would give the greatest return and the widest oppor- 
tunity possible to the workingman. To accomplish this 
purpose he advocated that the foundation for this policy 
should be laid on a system of protection to our industries, 
and no one was better able to present the argument in 
favor of this position than he. He believed in it Avith all 
his heart and soul and mind and brought to its support a 
wealth of argument, experience, and logic which made 
him one of the great champions of this cause. 

The ability and industry which Mr. Hill possessed in 
such a marked degree and the natural bent of his talents 
drew him into a branch of work in which industn,' of 
the highest order was absolutely necessary' to complete 
success. While I was not in Congress during the early 
stages of his career, I can readily see why he was chosen 
to sit as a member of tiie Ways and Means Committee, 
that great committee which not only provides the means 
of carrying on our Government but also outlines to a 
large extent our fiscal policies. For proper service on 
this committee unremitting toil and study is necessary. 
So, also, a thorough mastery of every system of taxation 
nmst be acquired, and the application of these systems 
is so highly technical that it produces a never-ending 
round of labor. In this division of legislative work none 

[34] 



Adiikkss of Mr. Green, of Iowa 



excelled Mr. Hill, and few equaled him. He was inde- 
fatigable in his labors, but it was not the mere routine of 
the pedant. He reveled in figures, but in his hands they 
were not cold and dull, but lifelike and speaking. He 
explored all the labyrinths of the tariff until its provisions 
became so familiar to him that it was easy for him to 
enlighten others, and only one who is a member of the 
Ways and Means Committee can fully understand Mr. 
Hill's wonderful grasp of the legislation which fell under 
its jurisdiction. I had the honor to become a member of 
that committee and the good fortune, sitting by his side, 
to receive the benefit of his study and application. 

It must not be supposed, however, that Mr. Hill con- 
fined himself to the duties of his committee, vast as they 
were, or that his duties were discharged with a thought 
single to the benefit which might be received by the 
region which he represented. His mind was too broad 
and comprehensive to be so confined. With far-seeing 
vision and discerning eye he looked beyond the bound- 
aries of his own State, with its whirring spindles and 
clanging hammers. He saw the great city, with its sky- 
scrapers and its port teeming with ships from every mart 
of the world, toward which all our commerce centers; he 
saw the regions where boundless supplies of coal and iron 
are brought together, marked by the smoke of thousands 
of chimneys; he saw the broad expanse of the prairies, 
where, under a smiling sun and beneficent sky, a bounte- 
ous soil brings forth its stores to feed the waiting nations; 
he saw the rugged sweep of the western mountains, 
wherein were hidden treasures surpassing the fabled 
wealth of the Orient and the dreams of magic; he looked 
across the broad expanse of the ocean to our islands 
blooming with tropical verdure, then again far beyond 
the Arctic Circle, where the midnight sun still shines upon 
our possessions, and south to where the Atlantic and 
Pacific are joined by that great canal which is the nionu- 
[35] 



MeMOKIAI, AdDIIESSES : RKI'RESENT.VriMi IIlLI. 

incnt to the yt'iiius and entoriirise of tlic American people. 
His was the vision of the statesman whieli had no limita- 
tions but that of the world itself. 

Mr. Hill was first of all and above all an American. He 
had unbounded confidence in the people of this Nation, 
its institutions, its form of government, its future, and 
believed that its destiny was to lead the march of civiliza- 
tion in the triumph of democracy and representative gov- 
ernment. Well might he say with the poet: 

When the centuries behind nie like a fruitful land deposed, 
WTien I clung to all the present for the promise it reposed, 

When I dipt into the future far as human eye could see, 
Saw the vision of the world and the wonder that would be, 

Yet I doubt not through the ages one increasing purpose runs, 
And the thoughts of men are widened with the process of the suns. 

He saw, as many did not see, that we had come to be 
a world power, with duties which M'e must perform and 
responsibilities from which we could not escape. He 
saw that our future depended to a lai'ge extent upon that 
of other nations and that our policies must be broadened 
and our actions shaped to meet the crisis which might, 
and eventually did, arise. When the resistless tide of 
time carried us into the great European war his patriot- 
ism, ever present, arose to meet every emergency which 
confronted us. 

Unfortunately he was sick. His mind was as active as 
ever, but he was weakened physically' by age, incessant 
toil, and disease. The strain imposed by the new and 
staggering problems which the war brought upon us was 
too much for him to endure. The frail body could no 
longer contain the soul which still burned with tireless 
energjs the weakened cord snapped, and he j)assed away 
just as tile curtain was rising upon the greatest drama 
which all history has ever known. 

[36] 



Address of Mr. Green, of Iowa 



I had thought that perhaps he would have liked to have 
played his part in these eventful scenes which are now 
about us, just as we would have wished to have had the 
benefit of his judgment and capacity in this crisis of our 
Nation's affairs; but an all-wise Providence has said that 
his work is done, and we can say that it has been well 
and nobly done. A great debater, a great legislator, a 
statesman in the best of all that word implies has left 
us; but his work will endure, inelfaceably recorded in the 
history of his countiy. 

Mr. Freeman took the chair as Speaker pro tempore. 



[37] 



Address ok Mr. Sloan, of Nehraska 

Mr. Speaker: It is iitting that this House should set 
aside this sacred Sabhath to do honor to the memorj' of 
Ebenezer J. Hill. The tribute to him should be the prod- 
uct of careful thought and choice construction. His life 
and work are subjects that would call for the beauties 
of the poet's dream and the most profound thought of 
the philosopher. I regret that the halting sentences I 
may offer will not be a more finished tribute to his life 
and memory. 

I came here in the Sixty-second Congress, when he and 
those who had wrought with him had been reduced from 
the majority to the minority. As a new Member I watched 
with interest the changed conditions, observed how men 
met these changed conditions. The course of the once 
majority leaders had changed. There was demonstrated 
what we often see among men. They are often strong in 
battle when the offense is on, but when reverse comes it 
takes a strong and peculiar character to still show that 
militancy which quails not before adversity but can battle 
in the minority as effectively as in the majority. 

It is easy to advance to the blare of the bugle, but it is 
sometimes dillicult in the forced retreat to save as many 
positions as may be possible. I thought, among the char- 
acters of the few men I studied, that there was in the 
eminent statesman from Connecticut that which made 
him not only a strong and militant character when the 
offensive was on but a mighty force in defeat. 

When legislation reversing that which he had aided 
in passage was presented upon this floor never did I see 
a debater who seemed to successfully save as much of 
the situation as did Ebenezer J. Hill. 
[38] 



Address of Mr. Sloan, of Nebraska 



He was a remarkable character here. He was persist- 
ent, intense, and industrious in laying out plans and aid- 
ing the plans of those with whom he worked. When he 
came to the floor in debate he was militant. He charged 
like a Rupert, a Navarre, a Stonewall Jackson, or a Sheri- 
dan. He threw all his intellectual force and all the might 
of liis militant being into the debate. Seldom, if ever, did 
I see Ebenezer J. Hill worsted in an intellectual combat 
on this floor. He combined the two qualities of militancy 
in debate and persistency in preparation. 

Years ago Prof. Swing, in criticising the then great 
iconoclast, Robert G. IngersoU, attributed Mr. IngersoU's 
peculiar course to an interesting trait of human nature 
that compelled a man who had been a great advocate, 
once having taken up a cause, to follow it so far that it 
became liis master. Out of his discussion Prof. Swing 
crj'stallized liis thought into this expression, " The master 
of a learned profession at last becomes its slave." 

The best that we have in life, those things that we 
idolize, those virtues that we extol, often become the most 
tyrannic of our being, the most destructive of our lives. 
As I sat here tliis afternoon and listened to the words of 
our eminent and beloved leader, James R. Mann, paying 
rich, deserved, and loving tribute to his deceased col- 
league, I thought of him and Ebenezer J. Hill together; 
not that they were of the same trend and bent of thought — 
because they frequently differed — but because in the mat- 
ter of industry they resembled each other so much. True, 
our deceased brother had passed his tlireescore years and 
ten; yet he seemed vigorous, and promised well for years 
to come. I have no doubt that, speaking by and large, 
call the malady to which he succumbed what you will, it 
was industry, excessive, overwi'ought industrj', that called 
him home. That industry is calling home so many I hope 
the warning will be eft'ective to some who are now strain- 
ing under the lash and scourge of tyrannic industry. 
[39] 



Memorial Aimmiksses : Representati\-e Hfll 

Our Brother Hill had his triumphs. They have been 
recounted here. But one remarliable triumph I must 
advert to which must have been a matter of distinctive 
pride to him. He was a lifelong supporter of a policy 
on which he believed the welfare of America and xVmeri- 
cans rested, the protection of American industry' and 
American labor. He was in the minority. Yet when the 
great world war came on, after a great line of industries 
had been neglected in America, over the repeated warning 
of Heprescntalive Hill, he presented to an adverse Ways 
and Means Committee the facts developed by his study 
on the dye industrj'. He pointed to our national need 
and overcame the prejudice of a majority of that commit- 
tee. They said, in effect, " Yes, Mr. Hill, we accept your 
facts, we acknowledge the force of your reasoning, and 
we will write into law a concrete admission to you that 
you are right, and the countrj' will profit by it. We will 
lay a measure of protection around this great industry 
that we need so much to keep our textile industries going 
and furnish a measure of preparation for the conflict that 
is on." 

The protection that Mr. Hill obtained for the dye indus- 
try will be the greatest legislative monument which can 
be raised in his behalf. It will stand as a tribute to his 
industry and a vindication of his life's course. 

With others I was permitted to attend the last rites 
accorded him up there in that New England State. They 
were held on a beautiful, bright autumn afternoon in 
Norwalk, the city of his home. The silenced mill wheel, 
the closed business doors, the vast concourse of people, 
the coming from every part of the State of the Common- 
wealth's greatest, attested the esteem in which he was 
held. The tributes paid from tlie pulpit before which he 
had so often sat were worthy of the gifted men who spoke 
them and of the great subject wiiich called them forth. 



[40] 



Address of Mr. Sloan, of Nebraska 



Under the soft radiance of a sinking sun we repaired 
to the hillside resting place of Norwalk's dead. We 
passed under the trees which were already paying tribute 
to earth for their season's glorj' and annual life. 

There was the fading leaf. Eveiy color of the rainbow 
was depicted in the foliage of Connecticut's fields and 
forests. There was the maturing of corn. There were 
the ripening pome and grape ready for gathering before 
the winter came. Nature was giving evidence that time's 
penalties were being exacted as well as man's rewards 
were being granted. There on that afternoon we laid 
away all that remained of that stahvart character — a char- 
acter as rugged as the rocks and hills round his Con- 
necticut home. I saw the rich fruitage ready for the 
gathering, but the richest ripened product of all New 
England that day returned to earth was this eminent 
citizen, mightj' legislator, and true American. 



[41] 



Address of Mr. Tilson, of Connecticut 

Mr. Speaker: Others have referred to the long and 
honorable history of the Hill family in Connecticut. I 
shall touch upon that subject no further than to say that 
with Mr. Hill it was not only a matter of pardonable 
family pride but it was both a source of inspiration and 
a challenge to his best efforts not only to maintain the 
high record already made by his progenitors but to add 
to it. Instead of being content to rest upon laurels won 
by those gone before, he acted upon the belief that he had 
a heritage which could be maintained only by his own 
highest endeavor. The record of Mr. Hill as business 
man and public official prior to his first election to this 
body has been referred to also and may be summed up 
by saying that both were worthy of the man whom later 
you came to know here, worthy of the long line of his 
forbears, and worthy of the great State that he loved, 
served, and honored by serving. 

He took his seat in this body in 1895 at the beginning 
of the Fifty-fourth Congress. He came with no previ- 
ously acquired reputation as a public speaker. In fact, 
there was nothing on the surface at that time to indicate 
that he would prove to be more than simply a worthy 
Member of that honorable class of substantial men of 
affairs known here as safe, level headed, and dependable, 
but not leaders of the thought of other men. 

In this respect Mr. Hill furnishes in some measure a 
parallel to another distinguished son of Connecticut. I 
refer to the lamented Senator Orville H. Piatt, who, com- 
ing to the Senate without being known outside the bound- 
aries of his own State and with no outward apparent 
promise of special distinction, rose slowly but surely by 

[42] 



Address of Mr. Tilsox, of Connecticut 

his own fine effort and the irresistible force of his own 
high character to be one of the truly great Senators of 
his time, known throughout the land and across the seas. 

The development of Mr. Hill into one of the most force- 
ful and convincing debaters this House has produced in 
many years is an interesting story well known to the 
older Members of the House. The fact that he was such 
is well known to all of us, having been demonstrated 
many times on the floor of this House and on the stump 
in many a hard-fought campaign. 

The secret of Mr. Hill's success as a public speaker 
and debater is really no secret at all. His power lay not 
so much in fine phrases or rhetoric of anj-^ kind as in the 
irresistible force of the logic of facts. So buttressed with 
stubborn facts was everj' argument that it was a most 
difficult matter to dislodge him or drive him from a po- 
sition. He spared no pains, toil, or expense in thoroughly 
equipping and arming himself with essential facts, and 
so carefully were they marshaled that he was ready at 
all times to use them to advantage against all comers. 

During the vacation periods between sessions of Con- 
gress — and, strange as it now may seem, there were for- 
merly vacations — while other Members enjoyed a needed 
rest or replenished depleted bank accounts by attending 
to business at home, Mr. Hill made it the rule rather than 
the exception to journey abroad, sometimes to our out- 
lying possessions, frequently to foreign countries, and 
one time all the way around the world. These trips he 
made not simply for pleasure, not even for his own in- 
formation or education, but for the purpose of more 
thoroughly equipping himself for the effective perform- 
ance of his duties as a Representative of the people. The 
natural result followed. He became a tower of strength 
in his own political part}', a power in this House, and a 
most effective and useful Representative of his people. 



[43] 



Mi;m()hiai. Addhkssks: Rki'uesentativi; Hii.i. 

Whatever else may be said of the House of Represent- 
atives, good, had, or indifTcrent, this is true: The Member 
who knows what he is talking about, knows his subject 
thoroughly, knows it better than other Members know it, 
invariably commands the attention, the interest, and the 
respect of the House. On this sound premise Mr. Hill 
proceeded and by adhering to it preeminently succeeded. 

Others might be content with skimming the surface. 
He insisted upon going to the bottom of whatever subject 
engaged his attention. Recognizing the illimitable realm 
of human knowledge and the narrow limitation upon 
human endeavor, he did not attempt to cover the field 
of the universe and did not pretend to know all that is 
to be known. The field chosen by him, however, was 
always covered in a most thorough manner. He never 
hesitated to admit his lack of information or to seek in- 
formation from others on a subject with which he had 
reason to believe them to be more familiar than himself. 

On the other hand, he was ready to impart information 
to those less informed on any subject than himself, and 
he was so widely known to be thoroughly posted on a 
number of such highly important matters that he was 
being called upon constantly to give information. 

The two most important specialties to the study of 
•which Mr. Hill devoted his tireless energy and command- 
ing ability were revenue legislation, especially tariff leg- 
islation, and banking and currency. On these two sub- 
jects he was the peer of any Member of either branch 
of Congress. 

It is often said of him that he was a tireless worker. 
He needed no prodding. The spur of a biennial election 
was misapplied in his case. His district, his State, and 
the country would have been the gainer if he could have 
been elected for 20 years at one time, so that he could 
have given his entire time and energies to the work he 



[44] 



Address of Mr. Tilson, of Connecticut 

loved so mucli. He did not complain, however, but in 
every even year for 12 successive times he made a vig- 
orous campaign, never failing of success except in 1912, 
when his own party, rent in twain, went down before the 
united opposition. 

As we saw him toiling here under the load that grew 
heavier year by year we knew what would be the in- 
evitable and all too early result. 

Near the close of the twenty-first year of his service 
here he fell in the harness. He had passed the allotted 
span of threescore and ten years and yet appeared to be 
unusually vigorous until he suffered a breakdown less 
than a year before his death. After that he made a brave 
fight, appearing in his place in the House oftentimes, and 
on one occasion, not many weeks before the end, making 
a somewhat extended speech with much of his old-time 
zeal and vigor. However, the inexorable destroj'er would 
not be denied, and on September 27, 1917, all that was 
not mortal of this able, loyal, and faithful son of Con- 
necticut and servant of an entire Nation passed to the 
beyond. Of him it may be said as truly as of any man 
who ever died on the field of battle that he gave his life 
for his country. 



[45] 



Address of Mn. Glynn, of Connecticut 

Mr. Speaker: A considerable portion of the district 
wliich I represent was formerly a part of the district long 
represented in Congress by the Hon. Ebenezer J. Hill, 
whose memory we honor to-day. My home county of 
Litchfield was a part of his district, and for 18 years he 
was our Representative. We were proud of him in those 
days, and wc continued to be proud of him until the day 
of his death. Wc knew of his ability, his integrity, and 
his energy. We realized that he was one of the leaders 
in this great body and that we did honor to ourselves in 
returning him to the halls of legislation term after term. 
From the Fifty-fourth to the Sixty-second Congresses, 
inclusive, his district comprised the counties of Litchfield 
and Fairfield, and because of the great confidence we 
had in him no other candidate was seriously considered 
during all of those years. We had learned to know him 
and to love him. We had learned to admire his force of 
character, his tireless energy, his keen and penetrating 
intellect, his power to cope with and to solve diOicult 
economic questions. 

He was not one of those who measured his value to his 
constituents by the amount he was able to obtain for his 
district in the way of appropriations, and to the honor 
and glory of his constituents be it said that they never 
measured his worth by any such yardstick. The scope 
of his vision was too broad to be limited by any such 
narrow horizon, and while he was always loyal and faith- 
ful to the interests of his district and State he was of 
that splendid type of men who lliiiik and legislate from 
a national viewpoint. 

My acquaintance with Mr. Hn.L commenced more than 
a score of years ago and gradually grew in intimacy. In 
[46] 



Address of Mr. Glynn, of Connecticut 

the early years I knew him as the average man knows 
his Member of Congress back home, meeting him only 
infrequently when he happened to be in that part of the 
district where I resided; but I early realized, as did his 
constituents, that he was a tower of strength. When we 
were asked by a stranger the name of our Representative 
in Congress we were proud to say that it was E. J. Hill. 
We somehow felt that we had contributed more than our 
share, that we had a man in Congress great enough to 
be a leader. Respect and admiration ripened into genu- 
ine affection. He made enduring friendships and never 
went back on a friend. He was faithful to every trust. 
It was not in his nature to wrong any human soul nor 
to take a mean advantage of any man. He was a friend 
to every man in need. 

Others have spoken of his ancestrj' and his business 
activities, and it is unnecessary for me to dwell upon 
these. During his service of more than 20 years in Con- 
gress he was identified with practically all of the impor- 
tant legislation enacted during that time and rendered 
invaluable service as a member of the Committee on 
Ranking and Currency and the Committee on Ways and 
Means. He possessed a constructive mind and was a 
statesman of the best and truest type. He abhorred sham 
and hypocrisy. He had the courage of his convictions 
and would never compromise upon a question of prin- 
ciple. He had no sympathy for the demagogue or time- 
server. As a speaker and debater he was always ready, 
always eloquent, keen and irresistible in his logic — a 
veritable intellectual gladiator. 

Mr. Hill's last appearance in the House was on July 25 
last, when he rose to a question of privilege involving 
the constitutional rights of the House of Representatives. 
In the course of a five-minute talk he vigorously assailed 
the attempt on the part of the Senate to invade the pre- 
rogatives of the House, and called attention to the fact 
[47] 



Memorial Addhkssks: Ri:i'uesentativk Him, 

that under the Constitution the power of issuing honds 
and incurring indebtedness must originate in the House 
of Representatives. The day before the Secretary of the 
Treasurj' had appeared before the Finance Committee 
of the Senate and proposed $5,000,000,000 of additional 
funds, part to be raised by bonds and part to be raised 
by certificates of indebtedness, matters within the func- 
tion of the House to originate. 

In closing, he dre\y vigorous and prolonged applause 
when he said : 

I feel it my duty, Mr. Speaker, to call the attention of the House 
of Representatives to this invasion of its prerogatives, so that in 
the future, when such a bill comes to us for consideration, if 
nobody else does it, I will move to send it back, as Mr. Sereno E. 
Payne once did under similar circumstances, and the House re- 
fused to consider it. I think we ought to stand on our rights and 
have this business attended to more promptly than it has been 
attended to. If 1 am not mistaken, I have the support of tlie Re- 
publican Members of this House in standing by the administration 
during the war, but we want to do it legally, fairly, and squarely, 
and I therefore call the attention of the House to this invasion of 
our prerogatives. 

The story of his life is the story of a boy reared from 
good New England slock, who early learned the value of 
time and the value of a dollar, because he had little of 
either to spare in his early days. It is the storj' of a boy 
who made the most of his opportunities and was not 
afraid to work, a boy of splendid mental attainments, 
rugged honesty, and force of character, who would com- 
mand respect anywhere and who knew no such word as 
failure. Others might spend their time complaining be- 
cause of lack of opportunity, but not so with E. J. Hn.i,. 
He turned stumblingblocks into stepping-stones, and could 
succeed where others failed. All his life he was a student 
of men and things, and was never satisfied with a superfi- 
cial knowledge of anything. He was an encyclopedia of 
[48] 



Address of Mr. Glynn, of Connecticut 

information. He has carved for himself an enduring 
name in the history of his countrj', and his work will be 
a lesson and an inspiration to the young men of this 
Nation through the coming years. With many things yet 
undone, with many splendid dreams yet unrealized, with 
his intellectual powers still undimmed, he passed from 
this earthly abode, leaving as a rich heritage a splendid 
record of accomplishment and the memory of a life well 
spent. 



[49] 



Address of Mr. Loneroan, of Connecticut 

Mr. Speaker: It was not my privilege to know Eijenezer 
J. lluA. intimately. 1 first jnit him five years ago, but 
from the opening of the Sixty-fifth Congress to the time of 
his illness I was associated with him on several occa- 
sions, and had opportunity to observe his work as a 
legislator. 

He was a companionable man, ready and effective in 
debate, a leader not only in his own party but in the 
House. His record stands out as one of service and 
achievement. His appointment to the Ways and Means 
Committee was a merited recognition of his ability. 

Mr. Hill was always informed, because he was always 
a student. With unflagging industry he applied to every 
new problem the test of experience of years. There was 
not a subject of financial or economic importance which 
might affect the welfare of his district, his State, or his 
country on which he was not informed. He worked 
always with directness of purpose and sureness of plan. 
He believed that a public office is a public trust. 

To his duties he was ever faithful, and in this he was 
true to the best traditions of New England. 

The power of New England in the Congress of the 
United States has always been recognized. In April, 
1910, the Hon. Thetus W. Sims, of Tennessee, present 
chairman of the House Committee on Interstate and 
Foreign Commerce, quoted from an article in the Kansas 
City Times, in which it was pointed out that the aggres- 
siveness, the sagacity, the courage of the people of New 
England commanded admiration, for despite a sterile soil 
and an inhospitable climate they controlled the politics 



[50] 



Address of Mr. Lonergan, of Connecticut 

and policy of the United States. And, further, it was 
added: 

The six States which form the New England group have figured 
prominently in the settlement of every question that has been 
presented to the Repuhlic. 

The reason given for the recognized leadership of New 
England by the writer was that long service of Members 
from the States mentioned naturally entitled such men 
fo greater influence. 

Mr. Hu.l's life was a conspicuous example thereof. No 
man in Connecticut's liistory served the State in the House 
of Representatives so long as he. The Hon. E. Stevens 
Henry, it is true, entered Congress at the same time, in 
1895, but his service numbered 18 years. Mr. Hill was 
completing his twenty-first year. The late Senator Joseph 
R. Hawley, whose 28 years of public life at Washington 
stand unequaled for Connecticut, was in the House but 
four years, advancing to the United States Senate in 
1881. The Hon. Orville H. Piatt was 26 years in Wash- 
ington, during all of which time he was in the Senate. 
Excepting these two illustrious men, the only other pub- 
lic servant of the State whose record as a national legis- 
lator exceeded that of Mr. Hill's was the Hon. Samuel 
W. Dana, of Middletown. Mi\ Dana was in the House 
from 1796 to 1810 and in the Senate from 1810 to 1821, 
a total of 25 years in Washington. In his own district 
one must go back to the days of the Hon. John Davenport, 
of Stamford, who was in the House as Representative at 
Large and later as Congressman from the fourth district 
from 1799 to 1817, 18 years, to approach the service of 
the man whose memory we have come to-day to honor. 
Mr. Hill's record is indeed a unique one, and one that 
will not be excelled in Connecticut in many years. 

There are but nine men in Congress to-day who sat in 
the Fifty-fourth Congress when Mr. Hill first entered 

[51] 



Mkmoiiiai. Ai)1)hi:ssi:s: Hi:i>Ki:si:NT.\rtvi: Uri.i. 

nalional life — Mr. Cannon of Illinois, Mr. Jones of Vir- 
ginia, Mr. Cooper of Wisconsin, Mr. Gillett of Massa- 
chusetts, Mr. FairchikI of New Tork, Mr. Crisp of Georgia, 
Mr. Foss of Illinois, Mr. Mondell of Wyoming, and Mr. 
Parker of New Jersey. Our beloved Speaker had been 
in the Fifty-third Congress, and returned in the Fifty-fifth 
Congress, from which time he had been associated %vith 
Mr. Hill in many important matters, and has on more 
than one occasion indicated his admiration of our de- 
ceased colleague. 

The longer an industrious man remains in service the 
more valuable he is to his constituency, the greater op- 
portunity he has for the development of his talents, and 
the richer is his State for his achievements. 

Mr. Hill was in Congress when the United Stales 
declared war against Spain in 1898 and when the exist- 
ence of a state of war thrust upon it by the Imperial 
German Government was formally declared in 1917. 
He has seen other problems, less historic, indeed, but in 
themselves large, met and overcome by tlie country he 
served so faithfully. 

He left to his family tiie priceless heritage of a life 
well spent. It should be to them a rich source of con- 
solation, and it should be to every man an incentive to 
added effort. 

When a man has worked so ceaselessly as did Mr. 
Hill for the things he thought best, one wishes that an 
all-knowing Providence had granted him more years 
in which to contiiuie his constructive activity and to 
enjoy association with those for whom and with whom 
he labored, but in his being taken off " still achieving, 
still pursuing," his family and his friends are comforted 
with tile assurance that when he entered into his reward 
his ste^\•ardship was accounted for a hundredfold. 

Mr. Tilson resunied Die chair as Speaker pro tempore. 
[52] 



Address of Mr. Freeman, of Connecticut 

Mr. Speaker: It is acknowledged by all that in the 
death of the late Ebenezer J. Hill the State of Connecticut 
has lost an able and faithful Representative and this Con- 
gress and the Nation at large has been deprived of a 
strong and experienced legislator at a time when such 
effective services as Mr. Hiix was able to render were most 
sorely needed. 

I remember in 1894, when he was first elected to repre- 
sent the fourth district of Connecticut, and since that time 
I have watched his career here in Congress with ever- 
increasing interest and appreciation^ It was my privilege 
first to meet him personally in the summer of 1903, when 
he paid a visit to his son at the cncampinent of the Con- 
necticut National Guard, and at that time I was impressed 
with his thorough knowledge of the subjects he dis- 
cussed, his wealth of information, and his strong, sincere 
convictions upon the financial and economic questions of 
the day. At that time his party was in control of the 
affairs of the Government, and he certainly devoted to 
his share of the task all his energy, industry, and talent. 
Because of the unfortunate division of our party in 1912, 
Mr. Hill failed of reelection; but I had a long talk with 
him at Bridgeport in the winter of 1913-14, and I was 
surprised at his intimate acquaintance with the affairs 
of Congress — his knowledge of the state of the National 
Treasury and of many other matters which indicated 
that, with the exception of not being daily upon the floor 
of the House, he was as active and as interested as if still 
a Member of Congress. 

When he was reelected by his district in 1914 it was 
my fortune to be elected as his colleague, and from that 
[53] 



Memoiuai. Ai)i)iti;s.si:s: Rkpiiksentativk Hiij, 

time until his dcatli I relied upon his counsel and advice. 
I found him one of the most hard-working Members of 
Congress, hut never too husj' to aid, encourage, and advise 
a new Member of Congress. During his last illness he 
remained constantly in touch with the situation here, with 
intellect unimpaired; and when " God's finger touched 
him " he had well earned eternal rest and peace. 

Mr. MERRnT. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent 
that Members desiring to print remarks on the life and 
services of Mr. Hill may have permission to do so. 

The Speakkr pro tempore. The gentleman from Con- 
necticut asks unanimous consent that Members desiring 
to print in the Record remarks on the life and services 
of Mr. Hnx may have iiermission to do so. Is there 
objection? [After a pause.] The Chair hears none. In 
compliance with the resolution already adopted, the 
House will stand adjourned. 

Accordingly (at 1 o'clock and 58 minutes p. m.) the 
House adjourned until to-morrow, Monday, March 4, 1918, 
at 12 o'clock noon. 



[54] 



Proceedings in the Senate 

Thursday, September 27, 1917. 

A message from the House of Representatives, by J. C. 
South, its Chief Clerk, communicated to the Senate the 
intelligence of the death of Hon. Ebenezer J. Hill, late a 
Representative from the State of Connecticut, and trans- 
milted resolutions of the House thereon. 

The Vice President. The Chair lays before the Senate 
resolutions from the House of Representatives, which 
will be read. 

The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows: 

In the House of Representatives of the United States, 

September 27, 1917. 

Resolved, Ttiat the House lias heard with profound sorrow of 
the death of Hon. Ebenezer J. Hill, a Representative from the 
State of Connecticut. 

Resolved, That a committee of 21 Members of the House, with 
such Members of the Senate as may be joined, be appointed to 
attend the funeral. 

Resolved, That the Sergeant at Arms of the /louse be authorized 
and directed to take such .steps as may be necessary for carrying 
out the provisions of these resolutions, and that the necessary 
expenses in connection therewith be paid out of the contingent 
fund of the House. 

Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the 
Senate and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased. 

Resolved, That as a further mark of respect this House do now 
adjourn. 

In accordance with the foregoing resolution, the Speaker 
appointed Mr. Lonergan, Mr. Tilson, Mr. Glynn, Mr. Free- 
man, Mr. Hull of Tennessee, Mr. Gillett, Mr. Gai-ner, Mr. 
Collier, Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Oldfield, Mr. Crisp, Mr. Hclvcr- 
ing, Mr. O'Shaunessy, Mr. Carew, Mr. White of Ohio, Mr. 
Green of Iowa, Mr. Sloan, Mr. Longworth, Mr. George W. 
[55] 



Memorial Addresses : Representative Hill 

Fairchild, Mr. Sterling of Illinois, Mr. Martin of Louisiana, 
Mr. Treadway, and Mr. Hodenberg. 

Mr. Brandegee. Mr. President, the Hon. Ebenezer J. 
Hn.L served continuously in the House of Representatives 
for 23 years, with the exception of a period of two years. 
He was one of the great leaders of the Republican Party 
during that entire period. He occupied a prominent posi- 
tion upon many of the most important committees of the 
House. He was a great expert upon banking and cur- 
rency, tariff questions, and all commercial questions. His 
name was a household word in bankers' conventions and 
upon political platforms in this country for many years. 

At some future time I shall ask the Senate to set aside 
a day when proper tribute may be paid to the life, char- 
acter, and distinguished public services of this great man. 

I send to the desk resolutions, which I ask to have read. 

The resolutions (S. Res. 138) were read, considered by 
unanimous consent, and unanimously agreed to, as fol- 
lows: 

Resolved. That the Senate has heard with deep sensibility the 
announcement of the death of the Hon. Ebenezkr J. Hill, kite a 
Representative from the Slate of Connecticut. 

Resolved, That a committee of eight Senators be appointed by 
the Vice President to join a committee appointed on the part of 
the House of Representatives to take order for superintending the 
funeral. 

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a copy of these reso- 
lutions to tlie House of Representatives and to the family of the 
deceased. 

The Vice President, under the second resolution, ap- 
pointed Mr. Brandegee, Mr. McLean, Mr. Dillingham, Mr. 
Fernakl, Mr. James, Mr. Overman, Mr. Pomercnc, and Mr. 
Newlands the committee on the part of the Senate. 

Mr. Brandegee. Mr. President, as a further mark of re- 
spect to the memory of the deceased I move that the 
Senate adjourn until 12 o'clock noon on Saturday next. 

[56] 









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