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No. XII. 

The Ejected 0/1662 


Ctimberland & Westmorland 

Sherratt & Hughes 

Publishers to the Victoria University of Manchester 

Manchester: 34 Cross Street 

London: 33 Soho Square, W. 

Agents for the United States 

Longmans, Green & Co. 

443-449 Fourth Avenue, New York 

The Ejected of 1662 


Cumberland & Westmorland 

Their Predecessors and Successors 




At the University Press 

^\^'-' o, 

K^ V 

University of Manchester Publications 
No. LXII. 


This group is by far the largest in the whole series, and 
the area covered is very extensive. It includes about 
two thirds of the west Cumbrian coast, stretching from 
the mouth of the Derwent on the north to that of the 
Duddon on the south ; but it will be convenient to keep it 
undivided. It almost coincides with that part of Cum- 
berland which was cut away from the Chester Diocese, 
and added to that of Carlisle, in 1856. In another respect 
it differs from the rest of the area with which we are 
concerned : the events of the 17th Century have registered 
themselves here much less in the way of Sequestration 
and Ejection than elsewhere. Calamy gives the name of 
only one Ejected Minister belonging to this district, Mr. 
Halsell of Egremont; and it will be shown that there are 
strong reasons for suspecting that to be an error; while 
the Sequestrations were comparatively few. This was the 
most remote part of a very isolated County; and the 
Churches felt but little the impact of the changes which 
swept over the rest of the country. For the most part the 
Ministers went on continuously, the holders of livings 
adjusting themselves to such new situations as the Com- 
monwealth, the Restoration and the Uniformity Act 
brought. This, also, is the area which receives such 
scanty treatment in Nicolson and Burn, the only County 
History of real value for work of this kind ; and probably 
the reason is to be found in the fact just named, that it 
was outside the Carlisle Diocese. That work is based 
largely upon the Episcopal Register at Carlisle : the 
Chester documents seem not to have been consulted. It, 
therefore, makes no attempt to tell with any completeness 
the story of the Churches in this area, and, in particular, 
to furnish reliable, Incumbent lists. It will be evident 
that in the present work the members of this group have 
less interest for us than is the case with most others. 


Originally this was a very extensive Parish and famous 
for its School, founded by Archbishop Grindal, a native of 
the district. The Church is dedicated to St. Mary and St. 
Bega. The Registers begin in 1538, the earliest possible 
date, and at that time they are, of course, in Latin in a 
fairly bold hand. The first volume is in good condition, 
but the succeeding one, which takes in so much of our 
period, has been badly disfigured and mutilated by a fire, 
which happened a few years ago. Included in them also 
are the Whitehaven Registers up to the end of the 17th 
Century, Whitehaven being part of the St. Bees Parish. 
The following names of persons who supplied the cure 
have been obtained from the Registers and other sources. 

Nicholas Luxd, 1580. 

In the Registers is the following : — 
1580 xxiij die Julij Nicholas lunde Curate St. Bees bur. 

The writing at this point is very difficult to decipher, but 
such appears to be the name. Eoster gives Henry Lunde 
of Cumberland as matriculating at Merton College, 
Oxford, Nov. 24, 1581, at the age of 19 years, and 
graduating B.A. at Queen's College, Feby. 11, 1584-5,^ 

William Hardnes, 1620. 

This was the year of his death as the Registers witness : 
October xxij 1620 Wilielmus Hardnes Curat St. Bega Sepult fuit. 

William Coates, 1620. 

The Registers give a baptism " anno Dn 1620 p me 
Gulielm Coates Curat " ; and the following under 1629 : 
XXX die Julij Henricus filius Willm Coates Curat de St. bees bapt. 

He was buried August 19th, 1636. 
I. Al. Ox. 

St. Bees 781 

Thomas Hardnes, 1621. 

The Eegisters again are responsible for the following : 

1621 Ultimo die Octobris Thomas Hardnes Clericu Sepult fuit. 

It will be noted that the dates are inclined to overlap, and 
the inference is that there must have been, at least, two 
Curates during this period. jN^o difl&culty will be experi- 
enced in relation to that when the extensiveness of the 
Parish is remembered. 

John Skelton, 1622. 

The Registers give the following : — 

1622 ix die — Johnes Skelton clericus Sepultu fuit. 

Foster gives John Skelton of Cumberland " gent " as 
matriculating at Queen's College, Oxford, April 4, 1617, 
at the age of 17 years. ^ 

Percival Radcliffe, 1647. 

No names are forthcoming to fill in the gap after John 
Skelton and "William Coates ; but the following interesting 
document respecting the living is worth insertion. 
Cumberland. Att &c December 7th Anno Dni 1646. 

By vertue &c yt ye yearely sume of ffifty pounds bee paid out of 
the rents reserved to ye Bishop of Chester out of ye Impropriate 
Rectory of St. Bees in the County of Cumberland to and for increse 
of ye Maintenance of ye Minister of the pish Church of St. Bees 
aforesaid the said pish consisting [of] Two Thousand Comunicants 
And ye Ministers psent Maintenance there being but Twelve pounds 
p annu Allowed by ye Impropriator of the said Rectory And ye 
Sequestrators of ye premisses are required to pay the same accord- 
ingly Att such tymes & seasons of the year as the said Rent shall 
grow due and payable. [name torn away]. 2 

It was shortly after this that Percival Radcliffe was 
appointed to the Cure : — 

St. Bees June 18. 1647 

Referred Percevall Radcliffe Ministr to ye Assembly for the Cure 
of St. Bees Com. Cumbrld. 3 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. S. P. Dom., Inter. F. 1 (Record Office). 

3. Add. MSS., Brit. Mas., 15671. 

782 The Ejected of 1662 

In the Commonwealtli Survey for 1649 we have the 
following : — 

At St Bees there is a religious honest Minister, Mr. Chrestopher 
Eatcliffe newly placed by the Comittee of that County, which should 
receive the ffifty pounds but cannot gitt it. There is also a Reader 
that hath twelue pounds allowed him from Sr. Christopher Louther.i 

"Christopher" is almost certainly a mistake for "Percival." 
The Registers give the following : — 

1651 V die decern. Katherin uxor Parcevill Radcliffe Cler. Sepult 
Subsequently he was at Crosthwaite in the account of 
which place the reader will find further information 
respecting him - Francis Radcliffe, possibly a brother or 
near relative, was Head Master of the St. Bees Grammar 
School during this time, and his name appears several 
times in the Registers. 

Peter Smith, 1656. 

The Registers are the authority for this name. It 
represents a person who conducted a marriage here in 
1656. It ought to be said that the name has been inked 
over by a quite late hand so that' the original is now 
beyond recognition. From what can be seen, however, of 
the original, the reading is open to suspicion. At any 
rate it cannot be definitely accepted without confirmatory 

Thomas Bolton, B.A., 1674. 

He was ordained Deacon by John of Chester, September 
21st, 1673, and Priest by Edward of Carlisle, March 5th, 
1673. He appeared and exhibited at the Bishop's Visita- 
tion June 30th, 1674, along with Francis Radcliffe, B.A., 
" Ludimagister." 

RiCHAKD Stainton, 1673. 

He was ordained Deacon by the Bishop of Chester 
August 5th, 1671, Priest, December 23rd, 1673, and 
obtained a faculty to serve there the same day. These 
two names appear thus in the Church Papers of the 

1. Lambeth MSS., Surveys, vol. ii. 

2. Vide p. 652 . 

St. Bees 783 

Chester Diocese, and perliaps Stainton- was Curate to 
Bolton for a little while, the living eventually passing 
into his hands. He removed to Barton in 1705.^ 

Richard Jackson, 1705 — 1738. 

He was instituted August 24th, 1705 on the removal of 
Stainton, being at the time Head Master of the St. Bees 
Grammar School. He was the son of Thomas Jackson of 
Swithindale, Westmorland, and matriculated at Queen's 
College, July 3rd, 1679, at the age of 19 years. "^ So says 
Foster, and he would appear to be correct, the following 
being corroborative : — 

On June 5th, 1686, Sir John Lowther, writing to Sir 
Daniel Fleming about the Head Mastership of St. Bees 
School, says that " one Mr. Richard Jackson, a physician 
near Kendal, who left Queen's College a year since, would 
do very well, if no ill habits be since contracted. "3 A 
month later he says : "I think well of Mr. Jackson on the 
whole ; " and on April 23rd, 1687, he says that he is 
" doing extraordinarily well," and that " the School has 
doubled." On July 24th, 1690, Jackson writes to Sir 
Daniel Fleming respecting an inscription near Beckermet 
" at the foot of a hill called Carnarvon Castle."' ^ 

In his early years, at least, it would appear that his 
sympathies were strongly Jacobite ; hence the following : 
CCLXIX. Mr. Richard Jackson 
For Seditious Words. 
Aug. 4. 1689. Before Richard Patricksan Esq. Mr. John Stevin, 

quarter-Master in Lt. CoU. Levy son's troope of dragoons in the Queen's 

1. Vide p. 1227. 

2. Al. Ox. Also Dr. Magrath in "The Flemings in Oxford" (p. 168, 
note 1). Wm. Jackson, F.S.A., however, thought he was the son of 
Richard Jackson, for some time a distinguished schoolmaster at 
Bampton, Kendal, and Appleby successively, and who freely corres- 
ponded with Sir Daniel Fleming (vide "The Flemings, &c."). In one 
of his letters from Kendal to Williamson, dated Dec. 15, 1659, he says 
that he writes "among the prattle of boys," some of whom he wishes 
were at Queen's. He may have been related to Thomas Jackson of 

3. Fleming MSS., H.M.C. Twelfth Report, p. 200. 

4. Ibid., p. 282. 

784 The Ejected of 1662 

regiment, saith that, on Friday, being in Company with Mr. Richard 
Jackson, Schoohnaster of St. Beese, the said Mr. Jackson did 
suddenly rise upp from his seate, and askte him who he was for. He 
replyed he was for King William, but Mr. Jackson said he was for 
King James. And being askte by his ext. if he knew what he said, 
Mr. Jackson answered he did, and clapeing his hand on the table said 
he woo'd stand by it soe longe as he had a drope of blood in his 
body. And he further said itt was noe treason to drinke King James 

Tlie following testimony to his fitness and character for 
the ministry is interesting : — 

These are to Certifie all Persons whom it may concern more 
especially the Right Reverend Father in God, Nicholas Lord Bishop 
of Chester that we know Mr. Richard Jackson Master of the Free 
Gramar Schoole of St. Bees to be a Person of a pious sober, and 
regular Life, and well affected to the presnt Government in Church 
and State as by Law Established, In witness whereof we have here- 
unto Set our Hands 

July the 22 Lancelot Teasdel 

1705 Rector of Distington 

Wm. Pennington Ra : Calvert Rector 

Jos : Pennington of Moresby 

John Ponsonby Tho : Orfeur Rector 

Joh Stanley of Harrington 

Ant. Patrickson Tho : Robinson Rector 

of Egremond 
Chr. Denton Rector 

of Gosford 
Ri Stainton 

late Curat at St Bees 
Robt. Mawsou Rector 
of Waberthwaite. 2 

In 1734, in addition to his other two appointments, he 
obtained the living at Barton in Westmorland ; but he 
enjoyed it only a short time. He died in 1738, and was 
buried at St. Bees where a monument, thus inscribed, 
perpetuates his memory : — 

Here lies the body of the Rev. Mr. Richard Jackson, Vicar of 

1. Depositions from York Castle (Surtees Soc, vol. 40), p. 298. 

2. Church Papers, Institutions (Chester Registry). 

St, Bees 785 

Barton, Minister of this Church 33 years, and 52 years schoobnaster 
of the Free Grammar School of Saint Bees. He, with unwearied 
diligence, uncommon success, and .deserved applause, discharged the 
important duties of an industrious master, a faithful pastor, and a 
good Christian. He died July 28th, 1738, aged 80 years. — Memento 

An interesting feature of the Registers is the insertion 
of the baptisms of children in the Dissenting Meeting 
House at Whitehaven. 

1. The Grammar School of St. Bees, by Wm. Jackson, F.S.A., pp. 


The Church here is dedicated to St. Michael. The 
earliest volume of Registers is of paper, and evidently has 
been copied from a still older one. On the first leaf are 
about half a dozen baptisms from 1663 to 1670, with one 
burial, that of Sir Patricius Curwen, December 16th, 
1664; marriages five, all in 1670; burials seven, in 1670. 
The Registers, therefore, would really seem to begin in 1670. 
Here again Nicolson and Burn are of no use and Jeffer- 
son's list is very imperfect. The following names have 
been recovered : — 

Lawrence Shuttleworth, 1577. 

He was instituted February 16th, 1577, on the death of 
Gregory Scott. Foster gives the following respecting a 
person of this name, though he does not identify him with 
the Workington Rector : " B.A. from University Coll. 
25 Feb. 1574-5, M.A. 6 July 1575, B.C.L. 2 July 1578 
supd for licence to preach 14 May, 1582, B.D. 19 Feb. 
1582-3; incorporated at Cambridge 1583 (2s. Hugh of 
Gawthorp, co Durham) ; rector of Kirklinton,^ Cumber- 
land, 1577, and of Whichford, co. Warwick, 1583 ; buried 
22 Feb. 1607-8, said to have died unmarried." ^ 

George Lamplugh, M.A., 1594/5 — 1634. 

He was instituted March 20th, 1594/5. Foster states 
that he matriculated Queen's Coll. Oxford, May 17. 1588 
at the age of 18 years; graduated B.A. March 15. 1591-2, 
and M.A. July 7. 1595; was Rector of Workington 1595 
and of Distington in 1616.^ The Lamplugh Registers 
contain the following notice of his marriage : — 

George Lamplugh Mr. of Artes pson CI. of Workington & Sonn to 

francis lamplugh late of Doveaibie esquire and Elizabeth lamplugh 

1. Not given by Nicolson and Burn under Kirklinton. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Ibid. 

"Workington 787 

sister to John lamplugh of lamplugh esquire married the xxviij Daie 
of Sep. [1613]. 

He held the living in Plurality with Distington. ^ 

Lancelot Lowther, B.D., 1634 — 1645. 

He was instituted on March 26th, 1634, on the death of 
Lamplugh by a Presentation from Sir Pat. Curwen, Bart., 
and held the living of Kirkby Thore along with that of 
Workington. It is said that he was ejected " by the 
Roundheads " from both livings about 1646, and that he 
was reduced to great poverty. His death took place in 
1661 as the following shows : ■ — 

Memorandum that Mr. Lowther once parson of Workington, died 
ye 16th day of April anno 1661, as my uncle Peter Sanderson's letter, 
dated December 17th 1678, under his hand, sets forth. 2 

The reader, however, is referred to Kirkby Thore for a full 
account of Lancelot Lowther, where another view of the 
matter is presented. ^ 

Richard Hutton, M.A., 1645. 

The authority for this will be found in the documents 
which almost immediately follow. He could have 
remained only a very short time and exchanged livings 
with Richard Lingard of Caldbeck. ^ 

Richard Lingard, 1645^ — 1660. 

The following documents refer to his appointment : — 
Workington. July 29. 1645. 

Ordered yt ye Rectory of Workington in the County of Cumberland 
Sequestred to the use of Richard Hutton and by him left shall stand 
sequestred to the use of Richard Lingard. Referre the said Richard 
Lingard to the Coittee of the Assembly to be exaied for the said 
Church. 5 

Julij 29. 1645. 
Whereas the Rectory of the pish Church of Workington in the 
County of Cumberland is and standeth sequestred from Lancelot 

1. Vide p. 800. 

2. Darcy Curwen's MS. Journal at Workington Hall ; vide The Rectors 
of Workington (Trans. (N.S.), vol. x, p. 145). 

3. Vide p. 1165. 

4. Vide p. 550. 

5. Add. MSS., Brit. Mus., 15669, 

788 The Ejected of 1662 

Lowther to the use of Richard Hutton who is since nominated and 
appointed to the church of Coibeck in the said County. It is 
ordered that the said rectory of Workington shall stand & be seques- 
tred to the use of Richard LingaM a godly & orthodox divine who 
is hereby appointed forthwith to officiate the cure of the said Church 
as Rector & preach diligently to the pishioners there-i 

For some reason or other Richard Hutton put difficul- 
ties in the way of Lingard's possession as the following 
attests: — 

Workington. Martij 13. 1646. 

It is ordered that the peticon of Richard Lingard to whome the 
Rectory of Workington in ye County of Cumberland is Sequestred 
concerninge Mr. Button's Keepinge the petr out of the sd Rectorie (a 
Coppie of wch peticon is hereto annexed) be referred to the Cotee of 
pliamt for the sd Countie or any 3 of them who are desired to 
examine the whole matter of fact conteyned in the sd peticon calling 
before them hearing & examining pties & witnesses on both sides 
Concerned & to determine the same if they can or to Certifie the same 
to this Cotee. 2 

In addition to the documents above cited we have the 
following : — 


Workington 1655. 

Richard Lingard Know all &c that the 14th day of November 

in the yeare 1655 There was exhibited to ye 

Rich. Lingard Commissionrs &c a Presentation of Richard 

Cert, as aforesd Lingard to ye Rectory of Workington in 

by the County of Cumberland Made to him by Sir 

patricius Curwen Baronet the patron thereof 

Rogr Baldwin of Together &c In Witnesse &c 

Penrith Dated at Whitehall the 16th day 

James Cave of of November 1655. 3 

Crosthwaite " 
Geo. Larkham of 

Geo. Benson 

of Bridekirke 

L Add. MSS., Brit. Mus., 15669, 

2. Bodl. MS., 324. 

3. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 996 

Workington 789 

This does not mean, of course, that Richard Lingard was 
only appointed in 1655, but that that was the year when 
he was approved by the Commonwealth Commissioners. 
The following relating to the tithes of the place belongs 
to this period. It is one of several in the MS, from which 
it is extracted : — 
Workington. Sept. 30. 1653. 

Ordered that Sr. Patricius Curwen have liberty to make appeare 
that the Lease of Workington in the County of Cumberland is 
expired and yt all arreares of rent thereof are paid & what the tithes 
of the said Rectory are worth [agreed] upon tke Trustees will take 
his peticon into further Consideracon. 

Jo. Thorowgood Wm. Steele Ric. Yong Jo. Pocock Wm ffarmer.* 

William Lampit refers to E-ichard Lingard, whom he 
calls " Luggard," in terms anything but complimentary, 
and says that he was previously Chancellor in Ireland. - 
What happened at the Restoration is not clear; but it is 
said that the living became vacant through the resigna- 
tion, forced or otherwise, of the Parliamentary Incumbent. 

Christopher Matteson, B.A., 1662 — 1678. 

He was at Wetheral and Warwick from about 1653 to 
1660, whence he removed to Distington and from thence 
to Workington.^ His removal from Wetheral in 1660 is 
suggestive. He was a Commonwealth appointment, and 
probably here is another case of a man conforming to the 
new requirements, who found it necessary to change his 
sphere of labour. At the Bishop's Visitation, June 30th, 
1674, it is related that " my Lord was pleased to be 
satisfyed abt his orders because he has not been at home 

since the came out." He died at Workington in 

1678 and the burial entries of himself, and probably wife, 
are given in the Registers thus : — 

Byryalls Anno 1678 
Mr. Christop. Matteson Rect. of Workington buryed Septembr II. 

Buryalk 1705, 

Mrs Isabella Matteson of Workington buryed ffeb. 26. 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1005. 

2. Vide p. 623. 

3. Vide pp. 213, 795. 

790 The Ejected of 1662 

John Bolton, 1679—1724. 

He was ordained Deacon by Edward of Carlisle, Sept. 
21st, 1673; Priest by the same, Sept. 15tb, 1674; and 
exhibited at the Bishop's Visitation in 1691 " Ires ex aula 
St. Alban, Oxon." He was instituted August 20th, 1679, 
on a Presentation by Henry Craven "Arm.," the vacancy 
being caused by the death of Matteson ; and his Induction 
took place on the 23rd of that month. The following 
entries appear in the Registers, but whether they all relate 
to his family is jiot certain. Probably they do, and are 
merely to be regarded as a birth record, without suggest- 
ing that he was resident at Workington all the time : — 

Grace Bolton born October ye 6th 1674. 

Jane Bolton March ye 8th 1676-7. 

Jo. Bolton July ye 23rd 1679. 
Christnings 1687. 

The. Bolton Son of John Bolton Rectr of Workington bapd May 5. 

His own burial entry is as follows : — 

1724 John Bolton Rectr of Workington buried Nov. 24. 44 years 
Rectr there aged 74 years. 

Possibly this is the person who was at Bridekirk as Curate 
in 1674.1 

Robert Loxham, M.A., 1724—1726. 

He was instituted December 3rd, 1724, on the death of 
Bolton, and was previously at Whitehaven.^ He was the 
son of Edward Loxham of Kirkham ; matriculated Trinity 
College, Oxford, April 16th, 1709, at the age of 18 years ; 
graduated B.A. in 1712 and M.A. in 1715. Leaving 
Workington in 1726 he was appointed to the living of 
Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire, resigning in 1749. He was 
however, immediately reinstituted, and retained that 
living until his death, which occurred on June 13th, 1770, 
at the age of 80 years. He was buried at Kirkham, and 
in the graveyard there is a tombstone to his memory. ^ 

1. Vide p. 721. 

2. Vide p. 814. 

3. Al^ Ox. ; Baines'g Hist, of Lane. (Croston's Ed.), vol. v. p. 400. 


On the coast a couple of miles south of Workington is 
Harrington. The Church is dedicated to St. Mary; the 
earliest Register Book is in parchment. The writing is 
clear, but the edges are slightly eaten away. In reference 
to it we have the following : — 

Memo. From the year 1658 to the year 1671 no regular Entry of 
either Births, Marriages or Deaths. 

This Register was cleaned and bound in the year 1835 at the 
expense of the Revd. John Curwen Rector. 

It begins with baptisms in 1653. Nicolson and Burn 
again give no help with the Incumbents and Jefferson's 
list is very defective. The following names have been 
obtained : — 

Michael Johnsojt, 1581 — 1613. 

He was instituted July 21, 1581, the vacancy being 
caused by the resignation of " Sir Jacobus Sayre.^ 

John Hudson, 1613. 

He was instituted September 27th, 1613, on the death of 
Michael Johnson. Foster gives John Hudson son of John 
Hudson of Harrington " sacerd," who matriculated at 
Queen's College, Nov. 4, 1631, at the age of 18 years, 
graduating B.A. from Pembroke College, June 2, 1635. 
From this it may be assumed that John Hudson was at 
Harrington in 1631. Certainly we know that he was here 
on December 10th, 1627 ; for that is the date of a letter, 
signed by him as " Parson of Harrington," in which he 
complains to the Provost of Queen's College about the 
state of St. Bees School.^ How long he held the living is 
not known. Jefferson simply has " Hudson occurs c. 

1. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

2. The St. Bees Grammar School (Jackson), p. 23. 


792 The Ejected of 1662 

1642." ^ The Hudsons were numerous about Cumberland 
and Westmorland; and many of tbem held livings in 
different parts of the two Counties. 

George Egberts, M.A., 1654. 

That he was here at this date is clear from the 
following : — 

Harrington Rectory Know all &c the loth day of June in the yeare 
George Roberts 1654 There was exhibited &c a presentation of 

May 1654 George Roberts Gierke Master of Arts to the 

Rectory of Harrington in the County of Cumber- 
land Made to him by Sir Patricius Curwen Knt. 
the patron thereof Together &c the said George 
Roberts of his holy &c Approved the said George 

Geo. Roberts 
Cert as aforesd 


Hn (?) Robarts of j^oberts &c admit the said George Roberts to the 
Rectory of Harrington aforesaid &c and Incumbent 
&c In witnes &c 
Dated at Whitehall the 16th day of June 1654. 2 

Sam. Kinde of 

Chr. flBower of 


Wm. Short 

John Hall 

John Thorpe 

Edward ffarly 

John Antell. 

A son baptized in 1654 received the name of " Patricius," 
doubtless in honour of his Patron. He held the Curacy of 
Camerton as well 3 The following Petition of the widow 
of George Roberts, in 1660, tells its own story: — 
Eleanor Roberts Peticon To the King's Most Excellent Matie. 

The humble Peticon of Eleanor Roberts Widdow and Relict of 
George Roberts late Rector of Harington in the County of Cumber- 
Humbly Sheweth 

That yor petrs said deceased Husband comeing lately from 
Harrington aforesaid for preferment ; fell sick by the way ; whereof 
hee Dyed at Yorke ; Leaveing yor Petr with 6 Small Children in a 
very sad & deplorable Condicon destitute of all meanes of Subsistence 
The truth whereof with her Husband's piety & Constant Loyalty is 
well knowne to and Certified by the Most Reverend Fathers in God 
the Lords Bishopps of London and Winchester 

1. Allerdale above Derwent, p. 10. 

2. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 997. 

3. Vide p. 759. 

Harrington 793 

In tender Consideracon whereof ; Shee most humbly Beseeches yor 
'Sacred Matie to graunt yor Eoyall Letter to the Governrs of Suttons 
Hospitall London To admitt her Eldest Sonne George Roberts about 
a 11 yeares of Age into the said Hospitall. 

And as in duty bound Shee shall ever pray &c. l 

In 1660 Sir Patricius Curwen writes to Williamson 
requesting Mm to suggest some Oxford man for the living. 
"The letter reads thus : — 


When I have given you my manie thankes for your late ayBillityes 
and tentered my acknowledgmts for yor unmerited favours, bee 
pleased to afforde me yor pardon if my prsmnption leade me to an 
addition of yor further trouble. Alt my returne home Sr I found 
Mr. George Robarts late Rector of Harrington (whom I thinke you 
knew) Removed from thence and gonn Southwards, It seemes to a 
better liveing provided for him, by his freinds in the South, It may 
be you have heard that my caryage to hime whilst att Harrington, 
might have deserved a faier wameinge and tyme to have provided 
another for that place (it beinge in my gift to despose of) wch I 
migSt have donn by yor good assistance whilst I was att London, 
Butt it pleased him to give me noe notice att all of his intentions, 
soe yt I am att a loss for the p'rsent, the country heer beinge butt 
meanely provided of good ministers, or indeed of good scollers for 
■such a place, wch though it be a place of noe greate yearlie vallew, 
yett is it a Competencye for a single man beinge worth att the best 
601i per ann, and it beinge verie neere me, wher I use sometymes to 
■goe to Church I would verie gladlye have an able Cyvell Minister 
ther. I prsume Sr you beinge soe lately att Oxford and haveing 
Tinowledge of divers ther, fittinge for this place, and sutable to my 
desires, may afforde me the favour as to Commend such a one to the 
place and to me as may be able to serve the place [we]ll [torn] and 
doe himeself a Curtasye and you me af[torn]r therein^ I need not 
trouble you with further [torn] of my desires I know you can easalie 
■gess att n;y desires, and it may soe fall out you may doe yor frind 
a Curtasye in it. I have sent alsoe a letter inclosed to my good 
friend Mr. Tho : Lamplough of Queenes College for assistance in this 
"behalfe; wch you may keepe or delyver or send to hime as you see 
•cause, or as you thincke you can provide one for me yor selfe or not. 
And of this Sr you shall doe me a greate favour to lett me heer from 
you as shortly as you cann what may be donne in it, for I would 
nott be overtaken in the tyme one moneth beinge allreadie gonn 
since Mr. Robts left the place. I may nott tax [blotted over] you 

1. S. P. Dom., Car. ii, vol. 9, No. 158. 

794 The Ejected of 1662 

Sr. wth yor promises when you are allreadie eoe much afforehand 
[blotted over] your Curtasyes. Otherwise I should have hoped ta 
hear some accounts [blotted over] you Butt I may nott trensh upon 
yor greate affaires butt shall att all tymes [blotted over] mch redienes 
most willingly manyfest how much I am Sr 

Yor verie affectionate Servt 

Pat. Curwen. 


My wife Sr The lyveinge hath 

the two a pretty parsonage 

Younge house upon it newly 

Ladyes and repaired wth verie 

myselfe good conveniencyes of fyeringe 

tender you &c. 

our best wishes ffor 

and many thanckes My worthy friend Mr. 

for yor Curtasyes donn Joseph Williamson Att 

them! Secretarie Sr. Edward Nicholas 

his Lodgings in Whitehall 

these psent 

(att London).' 

There is no date to this document but in pencil appears 
" 1660 or 1661." The earlier is the true date as we gather 
from the document which follows : — 


I receaved yors and fynde my selfe obledged, nott onlye to acknow- 
ledge yor curtesye in itt, butt alsoe to crave your pardon for my so 
dareing hinteinge yor nott writeinge to me, when yor favour had 
pvented it, I was bould in my last to crave yors and Mr. Lampoughs 
assistance to procure me a hopefull younge man for Harrington, to 
wch I shall need noe other incentative, butt the contentmt you will 
have by the indeavouringe Soe good a worke wch when yor conveni- 
ence, and the choyce of the gentleman is effected ; the sooner I shall 
then heare from you it will be the more acceptable, the parish beinge 
somewhat impatient for the want of a Minister, however. If it should 
bee inconvenient to haisten you to much in the choyce I shall subraitt 
it to yor better Judgmte for the tyme, since you know what tyme I 
have to provide one. My wiffe and the young Ladies heer salute you 
all whos good wishes are apparentlie yours and if I should be 

1. S.P. Dom., Car. ii, vol. 47, fol 53. 

Harrington 795 

omissive yt way wher I have soe greate an obligation I should 
deservedly forfiett what I soe much vallew that is to bee esteemed. 


Yor verie affectionate freend 
Workington and servant 

Nov 12. 1660 Pat. Curwen. 

For Mr. Joseph Williamson att 
Secretarie Nicholas his lodgings 
att Whitehall thes 

(Att London).' 

These two documents illustrate the importance of going 
behind the Calendars to the originals. According to the 
Calendar the vacancy was caused by " George Roberts's 
removal to Scotland," the transcriber having misread 
the word " Southward." What appears to have happened 
was that George Roberts suddenly left Harrington, having 
secured a living in the south; and when on his way to 
York to receive Institution, as his widow's Petition says, 
he was taken ill and died. 

Christopher. Matteson, B.A., 1661. 

He was instituted February 13th, 1660-1, the vacancy 
being caused by the death of George Roberts.^ He held 
the living for a short time only removing to Workington. 3 

Jeremiah Topping, B.A., 1662—1690. 

He was ordained Deacon by " Tho. Candidas Casa Ep." 
December 18th, 1660, and Priest the same day. He was 
instituted on the Presentation of Sir Pat. Curwen, Bart., 
on January 30th, 1662, and compounded for his First 
Fruits in' 1663. Foster states that he matriculated 
Brasenose College, Oxford, July 25th, 1655, and graduated 
B.A. March 18, 1658-9. * The following Topping entries 
appear in the Registers : — 

1. S. P. Dom., Car. ii, vol. 21, p. 46. 

^, The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

3. Vide pp. 213, 789. 

4, Al. Ox 

796 The Ejected of 1662 

Gulielmus filius Jeremias Toppinge Rectr of Harrington Baptizat 
decimo Octavo die Julij 1668. 

Barbaramaria Toppinge filia Jerem. Toppinge nata fuit undecimo- 
die Martij et Baptizata vicessimo Octavo die Martij 1672. 

Jeremia filius Jerem. Toppinge Sepultus ultimo die Novembris apud 
Harrington 1673. 

1674 Jeremiah filius Jerem. Toppinge Rectr de Harrington natus^ 
vicessimo quarto die Augusti et Baptizat Octavo Septembris 1674. 

Other entries follow, but two more will suffice : — 

Mrs. Elizabeth Beeby (daughter of Mr. Topping formerly Rector afe 

Harrington) buried in the Quire of the Parish Church of Harrington: 

on the 4th day of December 1713. 

Mrs Barbara-Maria Topping wife to the Revd. Mr. Jeremiah 

Topping formerly Rector of Harrington buried in the Quire of 

Harrington Church October the 4th 1715. 

He appeared and exhibited when the Bishop visited, June 
30th, 1674. The following refers to his time: — 
Memorandu May 20. 1672 

That George ffearon and Annie Walter of Distington paid for their 
performance of pennance in ye parish church of Harrington and for a 
certificate for ye same sexpence for either twelve pence a piece In all: 
ye usuall dues before not beinge Certainely Knowne for ye same 

Jer. Toppinge 
Rectr Ibidm. 

He held the Curacy of Camerton as well as the Harring- 
ton living.^ 

John Braithwaite, B.A., 1690. 

He was ordained Deacon Sept. 23rd, 1666, Priest June 
2nd, 1667 and instituted July 7th, 1690, on the death of 
Jeremiah Topping,^ the Presentation being by Henry 
Curwen " Ar." The Registers give the following notice 
of the marriage of a daughter : — 

Edwin Green of Grasmere in Westmrland & Margret Brathwaite 
daughter of John Brathwaite Rectr of Harrington were Married at 
Harrington the 27th day of November Ano Doi 1690. 

This suggests that John Braithwaite belonged to the 
Braithwaites of Ambleside and district. Foster says that 
he was the son of Francis Braithwaite of " Blechindon, 

1. Vide p. 760. 

2. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

Harrington 797 

Oxon, p.p. Trinity Coll. matric. 26 May 1682, aged 18; 
B.A. 13 Feb. 1685-6, M.A. 1688." This identification how- 
ever cannot be correct as the Chester Act Book states that 
he was ordained Deacon in 1666. He held the living only 
a short time, his death occurring in 1694. The following 
are the burial entries of his wife and himself : — 

Mrs. Jane wife of Mr. John Brathwait Rectr of Harrington was 

buryed Aug. 22d 1691. 

John Brawith [" Brathwaite Rector." This in a late hand] parson 

of Harrington buried ye 20 day of March Annoque dom. 1694. 

The Inventory of the goods of '' Mr. John Braithwaite 
late parson of Harrington " is dated March 25th, 1695. 

John Peocter, M.A., 1690. 

The Act Book gives this name, and states that he was 
instituted November 7th, 1690, on the death of Topping, 
the Presentation being by Charles the Duke of Somerset. 
It is not easy to see the significance of this in view of what 
precedes, unless it was a case of contested Presentation. 
Certainly the living fell to John Braithwaite. Probably 
this was the person who was at Bromfield in 1692.^ 

Thomas Orfeur, 1695 — 1721. 

He was instituted July 10th, 1695, on the death of 
Braithwaite ; 2 and was the son of William Orfeur of 
Plumbland, matriculating at Queen's College, May 16th, 
1689, at the age of 17 years. ^ During the whole of his 
time a Curate appears to have been resident here, from 
which it may be inferred that he was a Pluralist and non- 
resident. He died June 11th, 1721, and was buried at 
Harrington*. The Registers give the names of Roger 
Eigby and John Parkin as Curates. Roger Rigby's 
daughter, Elizabeth, was baptized May 10th, 1699, and 
John Parkin's name appears in the Registers from 1708 to 
1719. The latter was buried August 20th, 1719, and is 
called " Minister of Harrington." It appears also that 

1. Vide p. 642. 

2. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

3. Al. Ox. 

798 The Ejected of 1662 

Lawrence Hillyard was appointed October 6tli, 1718, to 
officiate as Deacon. 

C. Richardson, M.A., 1721. 

He was instituted on July 7tli, 1721, on the death of 
Thomas Orfeur. 

The following curious entry is in the Registers : — 
Thomas Draipe, Widdower & Bridgett Rothery Widdow, both of 

Harrington married at St. Bees (with Licence) 

November the 29th 1713. 

And- having attain'd to their degrees 
They refuse to pay their Marriage fees 
And will not now frequent the Church 
But in the Chimney corner lurch. 


This place, often called " Dissington," is a few miles 
south of Workington. The ancient dedication of the 
Church is unknown; but probably it was " St. Cuthbert." 
The Church was rebuilt in 1886, and its present dedication 
is the " Church of the Holy Spirit." The oldest Register 
Book is worn and faded in places, and on its cover is the 
following : — 

This Register Book was cleaned and rebound at the expense of the 
Revei'end William George Courtenay Hodgson A.M. Rector of Dis- 
tington in the year of our Lord 1888. 

The contents, however, are not arranged in order. They 
begin with baptisms in 1661 ; but on the inside of the 
original cover may be seen the date 1654. The entries 
however, are not legible. About two thirds through the 
book we have " Sepulturae Anno Dom. 1653 " ; but of 
these there are only a page and a half, and then we come to 
1661. Nicolson and Burn are silent about the Incumbents, 
and Jefferson's list is quite meagre. The following names 
have been obtained : — 

R. ToRNER, 1556. 

P. Wharton, 1556. 

He was instituted this year on the death of E,. Torner. 

Oswald Dykes, 1568, 

A person of this name was at Asby in 1593.^ 

Edward Dykes, 1588. 

He was instituted July 5th, 1588, the vacancy being 
caused by the resignation of Oswald Dykes. ^ A person 
of this name was at Dearham in 1600.^ 

1. Vide p. 1111. 

2. All these are from The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

3. Vide p. 728. 

8oo The Ejected of 1662 

George Lamplugh, M.A., 1616 — 1633. 

He was instituted February 13th, 1615, on a Presenta- 
tion by " Tho. Dikes in Com. Cumbr. Ar." He held the 
living in Plurality with Workington.^ 

Edward Fletcher, 1633 — 1646. 

He was instituted December 3rd, 1633. He was at 
Moresby in 1631 and held the two livings until at least 
1646/7, when he was requested by the Parliamentary 
Commissioners to decide which he would relinquish. 
Evidently he surrendered Distington.^ 

Thomas Fox, M.A., 1646. 

This name is given in the Act Book and the Institution 
is said to have been on April 12th, 1646. It is difficult to 
reconcile the date with the foregoing. 

Thomas Johnston, 1647 — 1650. 

The following is the authority for this name : — 

Distintone. Junij 18. 1647. 

Whereas the Rectorie of the pish Church of Distintowne in the 
Countie of Cumberland is & standeth sequestred by the Cotee of 
pliamt for the sd Countie from Edward ffletcher. It is ordered that 
the sd Rectorie shall from henceforth stand sequestred to Thomas 
Johnstone a godlie & orthodox Devine & that he doe forthwth 
officiate the cure of the sd Church as Rector & preach diligentlie.' 

William Lampit refers to him in 1650 ;* but how much 
longer he remained we do not know. He was, however, 
gone by 1654. 

1. Vide p. 787. 

2. Vide p. 762. 

3. Add. MSS., Brit. Mus., 15671. 

4. Vide p. 624. 

Distington 80 1 

EiCHARD Fletcher, B.A., 1654. 

The authority for this is the following : — 
Distinton Know all &c the tenth day of July in 

Richard ffletcher the yeare One Thousand six hundred ffifty 

pres. 21. June 1654. and ffoure There was exhibited to &c A 

presentation of Richard ffletcher Batchelior 

Rich, ffletcher certd as of Arts to ye Rectory of Distinton in ye 

aforesd by County of Cumberland made to him by 

Ri. Lingard of Workington Thomas Wharton cf Grayes Jnne Gent. 

John Hudson the patron thereof Together &c said 

Wm. ]Mawson Richard ffletcher &c approved ye said 

John Nicolson Richard ffletcher &,z doe admitt the said 

Peter Windser Richard ffletcher to the Rectory of Distin- 

Slat. Hunter ton aforesaid &c Incumbent &c belonging 

Tho. Sewell. to ye said Rectory &c In Witnes &c Dated 

at Whitehall the 11th day of July 1654.' 

Foster gives several persons of this name among his 

Oxford Alnmni, and suggests that one of them was Yicar 

of Isel in 1661, - This may also have been the Distington 

Rector, and what led to his removal from Distington is 

not clear unless it was the return of Edward Fletcher at 

the Restoration. 

Edwaed Fletcher, 1660 (?)— 1665. 

The letter of Francis Higginson on behalf of Thomas 
Belman shows that Edward Fletcher was in posses- 
sion of the living in 1663/4 with Belman as Curate.^ 
The following also suggests a still earlier date for him : — 

Sepultura« 1661. 

Elizabetha uxor Edwardi ffletcher Rectory de Distington sepulta 

fuit vigessimo primo die Octobris Annoq Domj 1661. 

By this time he must have been old and he held the 
living only a few years. The Cockermouth Registers also 
say: — 

Thomas the son of Mr. Edward ffletcher sometime Minister of 
Distington was bliried May 24 1683. 

The following probably refers to him : — 
Dec. 22 : 1682. 
Given to Mr. Edward Fletcher's Son, a poor minister 00 : 01 : 00. 4^ 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min), 997. 

2. Al. Ox. ; also Isel, p. 724. 

3. Vide p. 717. 

4. Fleming MSS., H.M.C. Twelfth Report, p. 398. 


8o2 The Ejected of 1662 

The Distington Eegisters have the following whose 
significance is not clear: — 

1662 Magdalena Sibson vid. de Rectore Distington Sepult fuit 16. 

Robert Armistead, M.A., 1665 — 1685. 

He was ordained Deacon by George, Bishop of Chester, 
February 19th, 1663 /4 ; Priest by the same, June 18th, 1666, 
a license being granted him to preach through the whole 
Diocese. He signs the Registers in connection with a 
burial September 2nd, 1665, as " Robt. Armistead minr," 
though the date of his Institution is given as April Ist, 
1669. In the latter year also he compounded for his First 
Fruits. He appeared and exhibited as Rector on the 
Bishop's Visitation June 30th, 1674. 
The Registers give the following : — 

James ye son of Mr. Robt. Armistead bapt Mar. 26. 1672. 

EUenor ye daughter of Mr. R : Armistead bapt. June 30. 1674. 

William ye son of Mr. R : Armistead was bapt. Apr. 10. 1677. 

Mary ye daughter of Mr. R. Armistead bapt. Dec. 20. 1681. 

His own burial entry is thus noted : — 

Mr. Robert Armistead Sp [Sepultus] 30 May 1685. 
The Institution Books give the appointment of " The. ffox 
Cr' to "Distington R. Apr. 13. 69" on the Presentation 
of the King " p. lapsu." There must, however, be some 
mistake here, as there can be no doubt about Robert 
Armistead having been instituted just twelve days pre- 
viously. Moreover " Distington " is said to be " in Lane." 
Can it be this entry and the one previously given, which 
have led some writers to say that a " Thos. Fox M.A." 
■was appointed in 1646 and held the living until 1669? 
The Fox entries are quite a puzzle and it may be doubted 
if a person of this name was ever at Distington. At any 
rate, whatever may be uncertain it is clear that no such 
person held the living from 1646 to 1669. I am inclined 
to think both entries are errors. 

Richard Tickell, M.A., 1685—1692. 

He was a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, was 
ordained Deacon, September 24th, 1671, by the Bishop of 

Distington 803 

Chester, Priest, February 23rd, 1672, by the Bishop of St. 
Asaph, and instituted to Distington September 3rd, 1685. 
The vacancy was caused by the death of Eobert Armistead 
and the Presentation was made by Sir John Lowther.^ 
He had previously been at Bridekirk,^ and along witK 
Distington he held the Egremont living, his Institution 
to the latter being on January 22nd, 1685. In the 
Presentments for 1689 we have the following testimony to 
his character : — 

Minister a man of good life, uses canonical Apparel, resorts not 

to Ale-houses without Occasions, gives not himself to servile labor,. 

nor drinking nor' mispending his Time.' 

The following entries appear in the Registers : — 
1687. William ye son of Richd. Tickell Rector of Distington was 

born Novemb. ye 9th & baptized ye 23 of ye same month. 

Patricius ye son of Richard Tickell Rector of Distington born 

Decemb. ye last & bapt. January 8th [1689 ?]. 

Richard Tickell died in 1692, the following being hia 
burial entry and that of his wife, who survived him well 
on for forty years : — 
Burials 1692. 

Richard Tickell Clerk June ye 28. 

Mrs Margt Tickel Relict of ye late Revd. Mr. Tickel Rector of 
Distington 7ber ye 30. 

In her Will, Eliz. Tickell, widow of Thom. Tickell, late 
of Whitehaven, dated August 30th, 1694, speaks of her 
grandsons Richard, Thomas, Patricius, and William 
Tickell; and of her sons-in-law as being Mr. Ebenezer 
Gale, Mr. Richard Jackson, and Mr. John Gale. Sir 
John Lowther, July 5th, 1692, says that he intends 
" to give the living of Distington to the Master of St. 
Bees School, so that the school endowments may be used 
to provide more masters. "^ This, however, was not done. 

1. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

2. Vide p. 721. 

3. Lancaster Transcripts. 

4. Fleming MSS. H. M. C, Twelfth Report, p. 330. 

8o4 The Ejected of 1662 

Lancelot Teasdale, M.A., 1692 — 1712. 

He was instituted July 22nd, 1692, on the death of 
Hichard Tickell, the Presentation being the same.^ He 
was the son of Christopher Teasdale of Sockbridge, West- 
morland ; matriculated at Queen's Coll. May 25th, 1677, 
at the age of 18; graduated B.A. February 9th, 1680-1, 
M.A. 1684; and was Rector of South Weston, Oxford, in 
1691. He died in 1712, and the following is the notice of 
his burial : — 

1712 Apr. 23. Mr. Lane. Teasdaile Rector of Destington buryed. 

A brother, William Teasdale, was a graduate of the 
same University.^ 

John Dalton, B.A., 1712. 

He was instituted July 21st, 1712, on the death of 
Lancelot Teasdale. He was the son of Henry Dalton of 
Shap, and grandson of John Dalton, Vicar of that place. 
He matriculated at Queen's College, October 10th 1692, at 
the age of 16 years; and graduated B.A. from St. 
Edmund Hall March 22nd, 1696-7.^ He was at Dean 
previous to being at Distington, and subsequently removed 
to Trinity Church, Whitehaven.^ Francis Yates appears 
to have been his Curate. 

Charles Eichaedson, 1721. 

He occurs in the Registers as Rector in that year; 
and in 1726 the Harrington Registers state that he was 
Rector there. ^ Probably he held the two livings in 
Plurality for a time. 

1. The Act Book (Chester Eegistry). 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Ibid. 

4. Vide p. 768. 

5. Vide p. 798. 


Moresby is a few miles north of Whitehaven and on 
the coast. The Church is dedicated to St. Bridget, and 
little is known of its history beyond the 18th Century. 
Nicolson and Burn are silent about its Incumbents, 
Hutchinson begins with Ralph Calvert, 1668, and Jeffer- 
son gives none between Charles Martindale in 1535 and 
Ralph Calvert. The Registers do not go beyond the year 
1717. The following is a list of Incumbents, imperfect, 
yet fuller than any yet published : — 

Thomas Calvert, 1585, 

A person of this name appears at Egremont in 1569.^ 

Thomas Brownrigg, 1588. 

He was instituted January 3, 1588; and his name occurs 
in the Will of John Lamplugh dated 1603. A person so 
named appears at Matterdale in 1655. ^ Doubtless he 
belonged to a local family. 

Robert Mandeile, 1616. 

He was instituted July 25, 1616.^ 

There was a Robert Mandeville at Holm Cultram at this 

Robert Fogg, M.A., 1618. 

He was instituted May 5, 1618, on a Presentation by 
Henry Fletcher, Gent. Foster says that he was M.A. of 
Cambridge, being incorporated at Oxford, July 9, 1616. 
He states that he was Rector of Moresby in 1618 and of 
Grasmere in 1627. " Perhaps," he adds, " rector of 
Bangor, co. Flint, intruded 1646, ejected 1660; died at 

1. Vide p. 820. 

2. Vide p. 519. 

3. All the above are from the Act. Book (Chester Kegistry). 

4. Vide p. 593. 

8o6 The Ejected of 1662 

Nantwich, Cheshire, April 1676, aged 80, buried at 
Acton." 1 Calamy gives considerable space to Robert 
Fogg of Bangor; but lie does not connect him with 
Moresby or Grasmere.^ 

Thomas Ashton, M.A., 1629. 

He was instituted June 28, 1629, on the Presentation of 
Henry Fletcher, the vacancy having been caused by the 
resignation of Robert Togg. 

Edwaud Fletcher, 1631. 

He was instituted Feb. 20, 1631, on the same Presenta- 
tion, and held Distington in Plurality with Moresby for 
some time. He relinquished Distington about 1646, and 
it would seem that he was subsequently sequestered also 
from Moresby.^ 

James Thomso?^, 1654. 

The authority for this is the following : — 
Ja. Thomson. 30. Junij 1654. 

The like order for Mr. James Thomson of Moresbie in Com. 
Cimiberland upon an ordr of ye Comrs for Approbacon &c 27 Junij 
1654 directed to Cumberland. 4 

It is very probable that he belonged to the Thomsons of 
Thornflatt. Doubtless the person who appears at Corney 
in 1657.^ 

Ralph Calvert, B.A., 1670. 

He was ordained Deacon by Richard, Archbishop of 
York, May 29, 1670; Priest by the same, Sept. 25, 1670, 
and subscribed the declaration Nov. 28, 1670. He was 
instituted the same day, 6 on the Presentation of William 
Fletcher, and appeared and exhibited before the Bishop 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 1059. 

3. Vide p. 800. 

4. S.P. Dom. Inter. G. 22 (Record Office). 

5. Vide p. 854. 

6. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

Moresby 807 

at his Yisitation June 30, 1674. In 1682 the Cleator 
Registers give his name thus : — 

1682 The fifth of Aprillis was Henry the Son of Henry Steele of 
Jacktrees buried by Ralph Ca — rector of morresby. 
He can be traced here until at least 1698. 

Francis Yates, 1711—1720. 

He was instituted May 10th, 1711, and held the White- 
haven living also. Mr. Jackson says that James Farish, 
Schoolmaster of Whitehaven, obtained Deacon's orders 
for the purpose of assisting Francis Yates at Moresby, 
who was now quite old.^ 

Peter Farish, M.A., 1720. 

He was instituted Dec. 7, 1720. Foster says that he 
was B.A. and M.A. of Trinity College, Dublin, being 
incorporated at Oxford, Oct. 16, 1720. He was previously 
at Isel and held the living at Plumbland in Plurality 
with Moresby. 2 Thomas Christian, Deacon, May 6, 1723, 
served here during this time probably as his Curate. 

Francis Yates, 1728. 

He was instituted Jan. 13, 1728, and was the son of 
Francis Yates just named. He matriculated at Queen's 
College, July 23, 1717, at the age of 17, and graduated 
B.A. in 1721. His marriage appears in the Embleton 
Registers thus : — 

Mr Francis Yates Curate of Distington and Mrs Anne Orphar in 
the pish of plymland Spinstr were mar. by a Lycence granted and 
Signed by Mr. Ponsonby Rector of Dean December 13 Day of 1725. 

He held the Whitehaven living as well as that of 

1. Vide p. 814. 

2. Vide pp. 590, 726. 

3. Vide p. 813. 


In older documents this is "Arlecden" and"Arlochden." 
It is a few miles north east of Whitehaven, and its Church 
is dedicated to St. Michael. There are no Registers 
earlier than the 18th Century; and no one has attempted 
any list of Incumbents. 

William Patrickson, M.A., 1646. 

This and another are the only ITth Century Incumbents 

known to us; and the authority for Patrickson is the 

following : — 

Arlecdon. 25 April 1646. 

It is ordered yt ye Comittee of Parliamt for ye County of Cumber- 
land be desired to make inquiry whether ye Church of Arleckdon in 
ye sd County bee voyd and how ye same became voyd and in whose 
guift ye same is and to certify ye same together with their oppinion 
of William Patrickson Mr. of Artes & whether they consider him fitt 
to officiate there And ye sd Mr. Patrickson is likewise to p'duce a 
Certificate under ye hands of ye godly Ministers of ye neighbourhoode 
of his life & Cooiversacon. upon retume whereof this Comittee will 
take such further order as to Justice shall appertain.' 

This does not make it quite certain that William Patrick- 
son was actually appointed; but in all probability he was. 
Foster has the following respecting him : — "Son of Henry 
of Fresington, Cumberland, pleb. Queen's Coll., matric. 
9 Nov., 1632, aged 19; B.A. from Pembroke Coll. 28 Nov., 
1635, M.A. 12 Dec, 1638; was referred by the West- 
minster assembly whether fit to officiate the vicarage of 
Arlecdon, Cumberland, 1646." ^ 

In an Inquisition taken at Cockermouth May 30, 1686, 
with John Lamplugh as plaintiff, and John Ashburne, 
Anthony Nicholson, and William Dixon as defendants, 
the matter in dispute being the " Rectory and parish of 
Arlecdon and lands in the parish called Frisington Parks 

1. Add. MSS., Brit. Mus., 15670. 

2. Al. Ox. 

Arlecdon 809 

owned by Sir George Fletcher, Titliss, " mention is made 
of the names and possessions of William Williamson, 
Anthony Patrickson, Henry Patrickson, Geo. Brisco, Mary 
Brisco, John Williamson, owner of Frizington Hall and 
Sarah Williamson." ^ Frizington is associated with 
Arlecdon but the Church in the latter place is quite 

Thomas Xoble, 1674, 

There is considerable difficulty here. That is the 
name given in connection with the Visitation of the 
Bishop of Chester, June 30th, 1674, and he is said to be 
absent from the Visitation. Similarly John Xoble 
" Ludimagister " in the Parish of Dean. In the Chester 
Papers for 1677 Joseph JS^oble is named under Arlecdon, 
and he is said to have been licensed Curate there on June 
30th, 1674; but John Noble appears in connection with 
the Presentation of 1677,- and he was certainly here also 
in 1698. 

Thomas Baxter, 1720. 

The Transcripts give the following : — 

Aug. ye 27. 1720 was Thomas son of Thomas Baxter Curat 

The 1721 entries are signed by " Thomas Baxter Curat 
Ibidem." ^ 

1. Ex. Dep., Trin. 1. 

2. Vide p. 1362. 

3. Lancaster Transcripts. • 


The oldest Churcli here is dedicated to St. Nicholas; 
and it was erected in 1693, being consecrated on the 16th 
of July in that year. It took the place of a " little old 
chapel," which certainly was in existence in 1642, whose 
location was in Chapel Street. The latter was "a humble 
edifice with a bell turret and a cross at the east end ;" ^ 
and served as a Chapel of Ease to St. Bees. There are no 
Registers older than the 18th Century, all earlier ones 
being in the St. Bees Registers. Only an imperfect list 
of persons who served the Chapel during the 17th Century 
has been obtained. 

EzEKiEL Harsnett, 1657. 

The following is the authority : — 




By the Comrs for propagating the Gospell in the fower Northerne 
Counties of Northumberland Cumberland, Westmland and Durham. 
March 29th, 1653. 

Whereas there is exceeding great want of a preaching Minister at 
Whitehaven in the County of Cumberland It is therefore ordered that 
the Rentall hereunto affixed being Eighteene pounds two shillinges 
and foure pence and two parts of the Seqrd. tithes of Dovenby and 
Papcastle be graunted to and for the Maintennce of a godly & able 
Minester at Whitehaven aforesayd the sayd Minister to be first 
approved by the Comttee for Plundered Ministers or at this Board or 
by any other way as the Parlt to that end shall appoint. 


Ant. Parsons. 

These are to certifie ye Honble ye Trustees for Maintennce of 
Ministers that the tithe rents pticularly underwritten were by the 
Comrs for propagacon of the Gospell in the foure Northerne Counties 
invested and setled upon the Minister of the Port of Whitehaven as 
an encouragemt. of Maintennce to him and yt Mr. Ezekiell Harsnett 

1. Jefferson's, Allerdale above Derwent, p. 362. 

Whitehaven 8 1 1 

Minister there very well deserves In testimony hereof we have sett 
or handes : Carlisle this 10th of ffebr lb56. 

Mr. Tunstall ye Caldewstones held of ye late 02 : 13 : 04. 

B pp of Carlile Mich. & Lday Day. 
Mr. Edward Wivell for bankend & Millhouse 00 : 11 : 04. 

tythes ye same day. 
Mr. Tunstall p. Braiton tythes payable 02 : 00 : 00. 

ye same dayes 
Sr. Edward Musgrave ye Aspatrick 05 : 06 : 08. 

tithes payable ye same dayes 
Sr. Timothy ffetherston ye Ivegill 02 : 00 : 00 

tithes payble And. & Purifii. 
Mr. Thompson ye Tythes of Eaughton 00 : 03 : 08. 

Sr. Edward Musgrave p. Outerby tithes 02 : 00 : 00. 

Mr. Christo Dobson p. tithes of Highwait 
& fletcher tenemt held of ye 00 : 13 : 04. 

late Deane & Chap. 
Mr. Cuthbert Blenherhasset p. tythes of 
Mealow & Hornsby :Mich. & Lady day 03 : 12 : 00. 

held of ye It d [late dean] & chap. 
Tho. Craister 
Cuth. Studholme.' 
May 6. 1656. 

The like [Approval] to Mr. Ezechiell Harsnett of Whitehaven 
in ye County of Cumberland 

Dated at Whitehall 12 Novembr 1656. 
Jo. Nye. Regr.^ 
Newlands and 
St. Johns. June 25. 1657. 

Whereas the Comrs for propagacon of the Gospell in the 4 north- 
erne Counties have Graunted by their order of the 29 of March 1653 
to and for the maintennce of a godly and able Minister at Whitehaven 
in the County of Cumberland (among other thinges) the yearely 
Sume of xviijli iis iiijd out of the pticulers hereafter menconed vizt. 
the yearely sume of Two poundes thirteene Shillinges & foure pence 
out of the tithes of Caldewstones, the further yearely Sume of 
Eleaven Shillinges foure pence out of the tithes of Blackend and 
Milhouse, the further yrly Sume of Two pounds out of the tithes of 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1006. 

2. Ibid., 968. 

8i2 The Ejected of 1662 

Braiton, the further Yearely sume of 5li vjs viijd out of the tithes 
of Aspatrick, the further yrly Sume of one pound twelve Shillinges 
out of the tithes of Ivegill, the further yrly Sume of three shilinges 
eight pence out of the tithes of Raughton More, the further yearely 
sume of two pounds out of the tithes of Outerby the further yrly 
Sume of iijs iiijd out of the tithes of Highwaite and ffletchers and 
the further yrly Sume of Three poundes twelve shillinges out of the 
tithes of Mealow and Hornsby all wthin the County of Cumberland, 
and amounting in the whole to the said yrly Sume of xviijli ijs iiijd 
And Mr. Ezekiell Harsnett Minister of Whitehaven aforesd (approved 
according to the ordinance for approbacon of publique preachers the 
12th day of Nov. 1656) hath injoyed the said Augmentacon for some 
time who desires the continuance thereof together wth the Arreares 
since his last receipt. It is ordered that Mr. Edmund Branthwaite 
receiver doe from time to time continue and pay unto the said Mr. 
Harsnett the sd yrly sume of xviijli ijs iiijd out of the pticulers 
aforesd to hold for such time as he shall discharge the duty of the 
]Minr of ye sd place or untill further order of these Trustees to be 
accoted from his last receipt. And whereas these Trustees the 19th 
of Sept. 1656 ordered unto Mr. James Cave Minr of Thornthwaite, 
Newland and St. Johns in the sd County (among other thinges) the 
yrly Sume of five poundes six shillinges eight pence out of ye tithes 
of Aspatree aforesd & ye further yrly sume of iijli iiijs viijd out 
of ye tithes of Caldew Stones Milhouse and Blackend aforesd amount- 
ing to the sume of viijli xis iiijd a yeare to be accoted from the 25th 
day of December 1655 It is ordered yt ye paymt of ye sd sume of 
viijli xis iiijd a yeare out of the sd pticulers be discharged and that 
the same be transferred & charged upon and from time to time paid 
unto the sd Mr. Cave out of the rents and profitts of the tithes of 
Cumrew in the sd County to hold for such time as he shall discharge 
the duty of the Minister of the said place, or untill further order of 
these Trustees to be accoted from the said 25th day of December 1655. 
And that the said Mr. Branthwaite doe pay the same unto him 

Ri. Sydenham Jo. Pocock Ra. Hall Richard Yong John Humfrey.^ 
In an interesting paper on Whitehaven and its old 
Churcli, the late Mr. Jackson says: — 

The only names of ministers of the old chapel that I can at present 
ascertain are those of Mr. Bennett and his successor Mr. Marr. Other 
names, the bearers being designated Clerks occur in the St. Bees 
Register, which were neither those of the ministers of the Church, 
nor masters of the Grammar School there. The ministers of the 
chapel taught the School in addition to their other duties. - 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 993. 

2. Papers and Pedigrees, vol. ii, p. 97. 

"Whitehaven 8 1 3 

It is to be regretted that Mr. Jackson did not supply these 
other names and also give dates; and it is little that we 
know of the two mentioned by him in the passage just 

Philip Bennett, 1662—1689. 

He subscribed the declaration Aug. 15, 1662, " Coram 
Geo Cestr Epo." He was licensed to serve the Cure 
Oct. 22, 1662, and to preach through the whole " Dio 
Cestr." He appeared and exhibited at the Bishop's 
Visitation June 30, 1674, and was here until 1677. Was 
this the Philip Bennett, M.A., who for some time was at 
Ulverston, and who is given by Calamy as ejected from 
Cartmel in 1662 ?^ I very strongly suspect so. In Calamy 
he is little more than a name. 

James Marr, 1691. 

The copy of his election bears this date. He was licensed 
to serve as Curate at Crosthwaite Jan. 7, 1689/90. 

In reference to the new building, whose deed of conse- 
cration is dated 1693, and for whose erection Sir John 
Lowther was mainly responsible, the latter entered into 
an agreement with the Whitehaven people, that, of two 
persons named by them, he and his heirs would present 
one to the living. The arrangement did not work very 
smoothly, and in reference to the first election Mr. Jackson 
says : — • 

Mr Taylor and Mr. Farington offered themselves as candidates. 
Taylor got preferment elsewhere and a small minority wished to 
prefer Farington ; but this was overruled and another election took 
place with Francis Yates and Xlr. Harrison as candidates. Some 
objection being raised about the method of the election a third took 
place with Francis Yates and Mr. Tomlinson as candidates the larger 
number voting for Yates. The only other candidates named at any 
of the three elections were Mr. Garnett who charged half a guinea 
and Parson Ogle, to whom one shilling and a penny was allowed. 

Francis Yates, 1693—1720. 

We have already met with him at Moresby, and the 

1, Calamy, vol. ii, 417; vol. iii, 573. 

Si4 The Ejected of 1662 

following information from Mr. Jackson's pen is worth 
inserting : — 

The old chapel had been the School, and its ministers the School- 
masters of the little Community, yet when separate buildings were 
erected the religious office of the teacher did not altogether cease, for 
the minister of the new church paid the Schoolmaster to read prayers. 
Richard Cooper, Schoolmaster, was buried Sept. 9th 1694. After him 
I believe one Jackson held the office, then Peter Farish and he was 
succeeded by James Farish. The latter is stated to have officiated at 
Burials. The Registers by their writing indicate that Francis Yates 
was waxing old and assistance had become necessary. Christopher 
Bowerbank M.A. was admitted May. 14. 1718 ; and his brief Curacy 
closed shortly after July 22. 1719. James Farish, named as School- 
master, was licensed to officiate as Deacon at Whitehaven Oct. 3. 1718. 
I believe he was intended to officiate at Moresby so far as his orders 
would allow, to still further relieve the dying man, who had also held 
that living from 1711 and to him at that place Farish succeeded when 
he died. He was buried in the old Churchyard June 18. 1720.^ 

Christopher Bowerbank was a graduate of Queen's College 
and subsequently became Rector of Weyhill, Hants,^ 

Robert Loxham, M.A., 1720—1726. 

" Considerable litigation followed," says Mr. Jackson, 
" in reference to the next appointment. Robert Loxham 
officiated at a marriage Oct. 27, 1720, and began to keep 
the Registers March 17, 1720-1. He had been appointed 
by the Bishop to officiate during the vacancy and located 
in the Minister's house by the Trustees. He was insti- 
tuted to the Rectory of Workington Dec. 3, 1724, but he 
appears to have had charge of Whitehaven until 1726." ^ 

Feancis Yates, M.A., 1726—1738. 

He was the son of Francis Yates previously mentioned, 
and at the time of his appointment was Curate of Disting- 
ton. He began to keep the Whitehaven Registers in 
1726. ^ 

1. Is not this a confusion with Peter Farish who succeeded Yates at 
Moresby (vide p. 807) ? These extracts from Mr. Jackson's paper are 
slightly epitomized. 

2. AI. Ox. 

3. Vide p. 790 for Loxham. 


This is about six miles east of Cleator, near the Lake of 
that name, and originally was part of the extensive Parish 
of St. Bees. The Church is dedicated to St. Mary; and the 
Registers begin in 1643, being in loose leaves of parch- 
ment, but the writing is easily deciphered. The follow- 
ing names of persons who have served here have been 
discovered : — 


The Registers give the following : — 
Richard sonn of Richard Willyamson Cleri [Bapt ?] April 3. 1645. 

There are no further names until we come to 1674. 

Robert Fisher, 1674. 

At the Bishop's Yisitation June 30, 1674, he is named 
as Curate of this place. He signs the Transcripts as 
Reader in 1676, and was certainly here in 1677.^ 

Joseph Benn, 1680. 

The Registers give the following : — 
Inchoatus est hie Josephus Benn Ano. Dom. Burialles 1680. 
The Benns were numerous in this district; but few of 
them appear in the Oxford list of graduates. A person 
of this name was at Brigg in 1681. 

John Nicholsox, 1690. 

The Registers again give the following : — 
1690 Burialls since John Nicholson came to read 1690. 
Christnings 1690 since John Nicholson was Reader heare. 

In the Presentments for 1691 ,we have the following : — 
Our Minister is not in Orders yet but he hopes to get them shortly. 
He signs the Transcripts in 1694 as Curate and was here 
at least until 1698. 

Anthony Nicholson, 1723 — 1761. 

He was admitted " pres. [prayers] et Homilias " Oct. 18, 
C. Nicholson, 1761, 

He was admitted on the death of Anthony Nicholson. 

1. Lancaster Transcripts. 


Cleator is a few miles south east of Whitehaven. The 
Church is dedicated to St. Leonard and the Registers 
begin in 1572. The earliest volume is in parchment and 
has suffered much from damp and age. It is worn away at 
the edges, seriously perforated and has become quite soft 
and pulpy; but in the main the writing is decipherable. 
The following is copied from a paper inside, which is 
attributed to Jefferson; but if it is his work he has not 
used it in his History : 

Register Books of Cleator (earlier than the new Registers com- 
mencing with 1813). 

No. 1. bap bur. niarr. 1572 — 1727 (Imperfect). 

No. 2. (parchment) bap. bur. 1728—1808. 
Mar. 1728—1753. 

No. 3. bap. bur. 1809—1812. 

Nos. 4 & 5. Mar. 1754—1812 (first 8 leaves deficient). 

The old book has been carefully bound with parchment 
leaves between certain portions. The first part consists 
of three leaves containing marriages from 1648 to 1716. 
The entries are few and mainly in the same hand. On 
the outside of these three leaves is the following : — 
Marriages from 1572—1698. 

This, of course, cannot apply to these leaves. The next 
section begins thus : — 

Chrystenings within the parish of Cleator from the beginning of 
April! aboue said [a little writing at the top of the page worn away] 
Anno Domini 1572 are these which foUowe videlicet. 

At the bottom of the page is the date 1577 together with 
the following : — 

Concordat with veteri libere taceo (?) chartaceo. 

Among the testators is " Guilielmus Barne Curatus 
Ecclesiae parochialis de Cleator." Several pages about 
here are almost entirely destroyed, being faded and per- 
forated, j^icolson and Burn devote only a few lines to 
this place and say nothing about the Incumbents. Jeffer- 

Cleator 8 1 7 

son begins with John Stamper in 1728 and Hutchinson 
has no names. For once Whellan appears to have care- 
fully examined the Registers, and to have discovered that 
the Century was almost entirely occupied by two men of 
the name of Barne, father and son. It would almost 
appear that the digest of the Registers previously noted 
was Whellan's work rather than Jefferson's. 

William Barne, 1609—1643. 

The first is the earliest date associated with his name 
in the Registers. It is to his painstaking efforts that we 
are indebted for the preservation of the early ones, as we 
gather from what has already been stated. Evidently he 
made a copy from still older documents, and carefully 
collated the copy with the original, signing each page as 
evidence of its correctness. Care should be taken about 
these signatures in these old Registers. They do not 
indicate the date when the living was in the possession 
of the person signing, but merely that the document is an 
accurate copy.^ Entries relating to the Barne family 
are as follows : — 

Mabella Barne filia Wilielmi Barne Clerici Curati De Cleator ij 
Die Mensis Aprilis Baptizata fuit Anno pdicto 1609. 

There is a break in the Registers from 1610 to 1641. 
Then we have the following: — 

Willielmus Barne filius Willielmi Barne Curati de Cleator Vicessima 
die mensis Junij baptizatus fuit Anno praedicto 1648. 

In the year since the birth of Christ 1651 Jane the daughter of 
William Barne was baptized the fourth day of Januarie. In the year 
aboue written 1651, 1651. 

In the year one thousand six hundred fiftie & two 1652 Anne the 
daughter of William Barne departed this life Monday the fourteenth 
day of ^larch in the same yeare, yeare 1652, 1652. 

In the year since the birth of Christ 1653 John Barne the son ol 
WiUiam Barne of Cleator Rowe in the yeare aboue written was 
baptized the twentieth & fourth day of Januarie. 1653. 

In the same full and curious way we have noted the 
baptisms of Thomas, a son, on Jan. 20, 1656, Joseph, Jan. 

1. Vide under Dean, p. 761. 

8i8 The Ejected of 1662 

2, 1659, Elizabeth, Aug. 31, 1662; and the burial of 
Thomas Jan. 1, 1676. Also: — 

1625 EUena Barne filia Willielmi Bame De Cleator xviij die 

Mensis Maij Sepulta fuit. 

William Barne died in 1643 and his burial entry reads 
thus : — 

Willielmus Barne nuper curatus de Cleator vicessimo die mensis 
Novembris Sepultus fuit Anno p'dicto 1643, 1643. 

William Barne, 1643—1699. 

He was ordained Priest, May 20, 1638, by Barnaby of 
Carlisle, and appears to have held the living undisturbed 
during the changes of the period. He is given as licensed 
to the Curacy here on July 6, 1665, by the Bishop of 
Chester, subscribing the required declaration on the same 
day. He appeared and exhibited as Curate at the 
Bishop's Visitation, June 30, 1674, and died in 1699. His 
burial entry reads thus : — 

Mr. Wm. Barne bury'd November 5th '99. 

The Transcripts give November 14th as the date of burial. 
The Will of Francis Patrickson of Stockhow in the Parish 
of Lamplugh, dated June 20, 1669, is witnessed among 
others by William Barne. 

The following interesting entries also belong to this 
period : — 

Agneta Hunter quondam uxor Gulielmi Barne de Cleator defuncti 
sed nup uxor Eichardi Hunter de Drigg xvj die Junij pdic. sepulta 
fuit apud Drigg Annoq. pdicto 1662. 

7 of March ut ante [1676^] was Joseph the son of Edward Benn of 
Hensingham buried at Cleator but no minist«riall duty pformed 1681 
[probably date of entry]. 

The twentie sixt of the said month [not given] were Anthony Benn 
of Crosfield and Bridgett his wife buried and the duty pformed by 
William Antrobus Curate at St. Johns 1682. 

Thomas Benn, 1699. 

The Transcripts give the following : — 
Cleator : 1697. 

Yt Thos. Benn our Reader is not in holy orders nor duly 

Cleator 819 

qualifyed according to Law we presnt Tho. Benn our reader for 
teaching Schoole without License ye reason is he is but lately come.' 

Probably Benn was assisting William Barne before his 
death, who would be an old man. He signs the Tran- 
scripts occasionally about this time, and appears as Curate 
in the Chester Act Book in 1701. 

Richard Jackson, 1702. 

He signs as Minister in this year, and is probably the 
St. Bees Schoolmaster. ^ He was appointed on Benn's 

C. Noble, 1705. 

He was appointed on the resignation of Jackson. 

W. Key, 1717.4 

John Kirkby, 1723. 

Ordained Deacon Oct. 18, 1723, 

John Stamper, 1728, 

On the occasion of a visit to Ennerdale, the Yicar 
brought out a small packet of documents, in a very 
dilapidated condition. They at once suggested the 
Cleator Registers. They were in the same soft, pulpy 
state, were similarly perforated and stained; and on 
examination proved to be some of the early Cleator 
marriage Registers. They go back to, at least, 1573, and 
are attested in the same way as those of Cleator by, among 
others, " Willielmus Barne Curatus de Cleator." They 
are in an even worse condition than the Cleator ones ; and 
the utmost care will be required if they are not to perish 
in the handling. Something should be done with a view 
to their preservation, 

1. Lancaster Transcripts. 

2. Vide p. 783. 

3. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

4. Ibid. 


This growing town , pleasantly situated some three 
miles from the Irish Sea, and about half a dozen south 
-east of Whitehaven, has for its Parish Church an old 
foundation dating back probably to Saxon times. It is 
dedicated to St. Mary with St. John. The first Register 
Book is an oblong volume in parchment; it is in fair 
condition, and the writing is good. The entries begin 
in 1630; they are full and continue through the Common- 
wealth period. The County Histories make no attempt 
at any list of Incumbents but the following is tolerably 
complete for the period with which we are concerned. 
The authority is largely " The Act Book " (Chester 

E. Pendleton, 1534. 

The vacancy was caused by the death of the last 

R. Newsom, 1569. 

T. Calvert, 1569. 

He was instituted Oct. 28, 1569, on the death of R. 
IS^ewsom. A person of this name appears at Moresby in 

John Fleming, M.A., 1570—1575. 

He was instituted Jan. 25, 1570. A person of this name 
was an Oxford graduate in 1539. ^ 

T. Scott, 1575. 

The Act Book gives this name and the date of Institu- 
tion is said to be July 15th, 1575, the vacancy being due 
io the resignation of Fleming. 

1. Vide p. 805. 

2. AI. Ox. 


Egremont 821 

B. Thompson, M.A., 1576—1581. 

The first is the date of the Bond which he gave as 
Minister. The vacancy here also is said to have been 
caused by the deprivation or resignation of John Fleming, 
March, 1575-6. 

William Antrobus, 1581—1622. 

He was instituted Aug. 8, 1581, the vacancy having 
been caused by the resignation of R. Thompson. The 
Egremont Rectors were Governors of the St. Bees Gram- 
mar School, and in the Registers of that School the dates 
of his first and last attendances respectively are Jan. 13, 
1585, and Oct. 22, 1622.^ 

Isaac Antrobus, 1622 — 1646. 

He was instituted Jan. 15, 1622, on a Presentation by 
"Will Antrobus hac vice Patronus." There was, however, 
a second Presentation on July 27, 1628, by the King " p 
lapsum." Probably he was the son of William Antrobus, 
his Patron and predecessor. In Hudson's letter previously 
named ^ he is referred to as the "younge gallant, the Parson 
of Egremont," who is too " proude to- joine with us [as 
Governors] until your worship come yourself." It will 
be convenient at this point to give the Antrobus entries 
as they appear in the Registers : ■ — 

1631 Isaac Antrobus sonne of Mr. Isaac Antrobiis was baptized the 
xxvij th day of November. 

1638 Pattricius Antrobus sonne of William Antrobus of Towne was 
Baptized the xxij day of Januarie. 

Liddia Antrobus daughter of Mr. Isa,ac Antrobus of Towne was 
baptized the xxiij daie of ffebruarie [1639-40]. 

Eddleston (?) Antrobus Son of Wm Antrobus was baptized the 13 
day of December 1641. 

Jonathan Antrobus son of Isaac Antrobus parson of Egremonte 
borne the 17th of July & baptized the 14 of August 1642. 

" Mr. Antrobus of Egremont " appears among the con- 
tributors to the Carlisle garrison in 1644 to the extent of 
£1 10 0.3 

1. The Grammar School of St. Bees, by Wm. Jackson, F.S.A., p. 54. 

2. Vide p. 791. . 

3. Vide p. 134. 

822 The Ejected of 1662 

It is difficult to trace with accuracy the story of 
Isaac Antrobus. His first appearance in the Eegister 
of the St. Bees Grammar School was on Jan. 1, 1630, and 
his last on April 22, 1638. By this time, however, there 
had come upon the scene Theophilus Polewheele. The 
Egremont Registers have the following : — • 

1635 Otho Pooleweele the Sonne of Mr. Otho Poo. . . was baptized 

the XX vj daie of May. 

Otho Poolewheele the Sonne of Mr. Otho Pooleweale was buried 

the xth day of June 1639. 

Undoubtedly this refers to the Minister of that name 
with whom we have met at Kirkbampton and Carlisle ; ^ 
and what led to his being in the neighbourhood of Egre- 
mont is not clear. It would seem that he was resident 
there for three or four years; and the date of the second 
entry fits in well with that of his removal to Kirkbampton. 
He appears also as an " elected " Governor of the Gram- 
mar School April 11, 1637; and during this period Isaac 
Antrobus is described in the Egremont Registers as of 
the " Towne." One of the charges against Antrobus, to 
be noted presently, was that of not preaching, and the 
presence of Theophilus Polewheele suggests that either as 
Curate, or in some other capacity, he was doing the work 
which was left undone by the wealthy Rector. Later, in 
1647, Isaac Antrobus was sequestered, though Walker 
does not note the fact. The Registers, however, suggest 
as much by his reappearance at the Restoration, while the 
following documents are decisive : — 

Egremont. Nov. 2. 1646. 

This Comittee doe appoint to take into Consideracon ye Cause 
upon the Articles & examinacons transmitted from the Comittee of 
pliamt for the Countie of Cumberland betweene Isaac Antrobus 
Minister of Egremont in ye said Countie & the pishioners thereof on 
the third day of December next ensueinge whereof the sd Mr. 
Antrobus is to have Convenient notice. 

Egremont. December 3. 1646. 

It is ordered that the Cause Concerning Mr. Antrobus Minister of 
Egremont in the Countie of Cumberland be deferred till Tuesday next 

1. Vide pp. 145, 606. 

Egremont 823 

at wch tyme the Comittee doe appoint pemtorlie to heare the said 

Cause ffirst. 

Egremont. Dec. 10. 1646. 

The Cause concerning Mr. Antrobus minister of Egremont in the 
County of Cumberland comeing to heareing this day for that he hath 
made no Answere nor defence nor examined any witnesses in the Said 
Cause It is therefore ordered that he shall have liberty & two months 
time to make his Answere & defense to the matters transmitted agst 
him before the Comittee of pliamt for the said County who trans- 
mitted the said Cause who are desired to take the said Mr. Antrobus 
his answere to the said Articles & call before them and examine such 
witnesses as he shall pduce for proof e thereof And this Comittee doe 
espescially recomend it to the Care of the said Comittee to give him 
a legall & deliberat heareing in his said defence and to certifie the 
said Answere and examinacons by the ninth day of ffebruary next- 
Egremont. Dec. 14. 1646. 

Upon the humble peticon of the Inhabitants of Egremont in the 
County of Cumberland It is ordered that the Comittee of pliamt for 
the said County doe agree to call before them and examine what 
further witnesses shall be pduced for pofe [proof] of the Articl'»« 
exhibited against Isack Antrobus rector of Egremont aforesaid as in 
the said Mr. Antrobus his defence togeather with the credit of the 
witnesses on both sides & to certifie the whole cause to this Comittee 
by the third day of ffebruary next And this Comittee doe appoint to 
heare the said Cause on the ninth day of ffebr next according to 
former order of this Comittee. 
Egremont. ii Janr. 1646. 

It is ordered yt ^Ir. Antrobus minister of Egremont in ye County 
of Cumberland shall have further tyme to make his defence to ye 
matters agt him and exane his witnesses before ye Comittee of 
Parliamt for ye sd County or any three of them and pcure ye same to 
be certyfyed to this Comittee according to ye order of 10th November 
last till ye 23 day of March next ensueing ye sd Mr. Antrobus giveing 
notice to ye psecutors of ye sd Cause agt him to ye intent their 
attendance on the Comittee on ye 9th of ffebr next may be pvented. 
Egremond. April 6. 1647. 

It is ordered that the Cause concerning Mr. Antrobus Eector of 
Egremond in the Countie of Cumberland be heard on Tuesday next. 
Egremond. April 13. 1647. 

Upon heareing the Cause concerninge Mr. Antrobus minister of 
Egremond in the Countie of Cvunberland It appeareth yt the said Mr. 
Antrobus is a comon frequenter of Alehouses and hath beene scene 
sevrall times drunke & hath expressed greate malignancy against the 
pliamt profering Sr Chresto Lowther a Colonell in the Kings Armie 
to serve as an officer under him pcuring divers of his pishioners to be 


824 The Ejected of 1662 

listed for service under the said Sr Chrestopher Lowther against the 

pliamt It is therefore ordered that the rectory of Egremond aforesaid 

and the profitts thereof shall from henceforth stand sequestred from 

him the said Mr. Antrobus to the use of some godly & orthodox 


Egremont. April 22 1647. 

Whereas the Rectorie of the pish Church of Egremont in the 
Countie of Cumberland is sequestred from Isaac Antrobus by order 
of this Comittee It is ordered that the sd Rectorie doe from hence- 
forth stand Sequestred to the use of Henry Dickenson a godly & 
orthodox divine & that he doe forthwith officiate the Cure of the sd 
Church as Rector &" preach diligently &c.* 

Lilly, in his " History of his Life and Times written 
by Himself, &c." (London, 1721),- gives much interesting 
information in relation to this case. The passage is 
wondrously illuminating in many respects, among other 
things, showing how the central authorities sought to hold 
local agents in check in various parts of the country. 
William Pennington was the representative of one of the 
chief families in this district. Lilly speaks of him as 
his friend, and this is what he says about the service, 
which, because of his knowledge of the " occult sciences," 
he was able to render him : — 

He. [Pennington] was extreamly abused by one Isaac Antrobus 
Parson of Egremont, a most evil Liver, bold, and very rich ; at last 
he [Pennington] procured a Minister of that County, in hope of the 
Parsonage, to Article against him in London before the Committee of 
plundered Ministers. I was once more invited to sollicit against 
Antrobus which I did upon three or more Articles : 
1. That Antrobus baptized a Cock, called him Peter. 
2 & 3. [Charges of immorality not fit to print]. 

4. Being a Continual Drunkard. 

5. He never preached &c. 

Antrobus was now a Great Champion for the Parliament ; but , at 
the Day of Hearing, I had procured abundance of my Friends to be 
there ; for the Godly, as they termed themselves sided with him, the 
present Master of the Rolls was Chairman that Day, Sir Harbottle 
Grimston, who hearing the Foulness of the Cause was very much 
ashamed thereof. I remember Antrobus being there, pleaded he was 
in his unnatural Condition when he acted so ungraciously. 

1. All the foregoing are from the Bodl. MS., 324. 

2. A copy is in the Rylands Library, Manchester. 

Egremont 825 

Charged by the Chairman with immoral conduct Antrobus 
said : — 

" There's no Proof of that." " None but your own Confession," 
said the Chairman, " nor could any tell so well. " " I am not given to 
Drunkenness (quoth he)." "He was so drunk within this Fortnight 
(quoth I) he reeled from one side of the street to the other : heres 
with Witness to prove it" : who presently, before the Committee being 
sworn, made it good, and named the Place and Street where he was 
drunk. So he was adjudged Scandalous and outed of his Benefice, 
and our Minister had the Parsonage. 

You cannot imagine how much the Routing of this drunken Parson 
pleased Mr. Pennington who paid all Charges munificently and 

But now follows the last and greatest kindness 1 ever did him ; 
notwithstanding the Committee for Sequestrations in Cumberland were 
his very good Friends, yt the Sub- Sequestrators of their own Heads 
and without Order and by Strength of Arms, secured his Iron, his 
wood, and so much of his Personal Estate as was valued at 70001. 
Now had I Complaint upon Complaint. Would I suffer my old Friend 
to be thus abused ? it was in my Power to free him from these villains. 

I hereupon advised what was best to do and was counselled to get 
Mr. Speaker Lenthall's Letter to the Sub -Sequestrators and Command 
them to be obedient to the Committee of the County. 

Wherefore I framed a Letter of my self unto the Sub- Sequestrators 
directed, and with it my self and Mr. Laurence Magdwell (whom 
your self will know) went to Mr. Speaker unto whom we sufficiently 
related the stubborness of the officers of Cumberland ; their Disobedi- 
ence to the Committee ; and then shewed him the Letter, which when 
he had read over he most Courteously signed, adding withal, that if 
they proceeded further in Sequestring Mr. Pennington, he would 
Command a Sergeant at Arms to bring them up to answer their 
Contempt ; I immediately posted that Letter to my Friend, which 
when the absurd Fellows received, they delivered him Possession of 
his goods again ; and, for my Pains when he came to London gave 
me one hundred Pounds ; He died in 1652 of a violent Fever. 

Henry Masy, in his letters to Lord Wharton, gives 
Antrobus a character quite in harmony with that assigned 
to him by Lilly.^ Evidently at this time he was trying 
to curry favour with the Parliamentary party. This 
probably is the person also, who appears in connection 
with the Sequestration trouble at Torpenhow in 1646, and 
whom Musgrave in Jan, 1649, names as one, among others, 

1. Vide p. 911. 

826 The Ejected of 1662 

willing to attest the truth of the charges which he brought 
against Sir Arthur Haselrig and others, i 

Heney Dickenson, 1646. 

He is the Minister referred to in the passage from 
Lilly just cited, who replaced Isaac Antrobus. He was 
the son of John Dickenson of Eskdale, and received his 
early training at St. Bees School under Francis Radcliffe, 
going thence to Caius College, Cambridge. The first date 
against his name in the Grammar School Register as 
Governor is April 30, 1645 ; but he could hardly be Rector 
at this time, and the following shows that his case was 
not definitely settled for some time after : — 

Egremont. April 22 1647. 

Referred Henry Dickenson minister &c to the assembly for the 
Cure of Egremont Com. Cumberland. 2 

The Registers give the following : — 

Katherin the daughter of Henry Dickinson Rector of Egremond 
was Baptized August ye first 1647. 

Patricius the sone of Henry Dickinson minister of Egremond was 
Baptized August the thirtye One thousand sex hudreth & fiftie. 

Henrie the sonne of Henrie Dickinson [next words rubbed out] of 
Egremond buried the xxvith of March 1659. 

The Will of Anthony Patrickson, of Newhouse, in the 
Parish of St. Bees, dated March 5, 1648, of which Probate 
was granted March 30, 1649, is witnessed by Henry 
Dickenson " Cler." 

Matters did not go smoothly with him as we gather 
from the following Petition : — 
12 Aug. Henry Dickenson. 

That he was placed in the parsonage of Egremond i Set 
uppon the eiection of Isaac Antrobus for scandall '■ Aside 
and malignancy he was eiected by the Comrs of 
Cumberland for insufficiency j 

prayes he may be referred to the Comrs at Whitehall for appbacon 
the inhabitants desiring his Continuance. 

Sevrall Certiffts of his Convsacon are annexed to his peticon.3 

1. Vide p. 621. 

2. Bodl. MS., 324. 

3. S. P. Dom., Inter. I. 93, p. 13. 

Egremont 827 

The Petition does not seem to have been successful, and 
Henry Dickenson would appear to have shared the fate 
of his predecessor. At any rate shortly afterwards he 
was gone. The last date against his name in the Gram- 
mar School Registers is April 22, 1657; and in 1658, John 
Bird comes upon the scene. 

John Bird, 1658— 1660 (?). 

This name does not appear in Mr. Jackson's list of 
Rectors;^ but his appointment is referred to in the follow- 
ing documents : — 

Egremond in Mr. John Bird. Admitted the 29th day of October 
ye County of 1658 to ye E. of Egremond in the County of Cumber- 
Cumberland, land. Upon a pres. exhib. the same day from his 
Highnes the Lord Protector under his Seal Manuall 
And Certificat. from Rich. Gilpin, Tim. TuUye, Roger 
Baldwin, Comfort Starr, &c.^ 

That John Bird was here also in 1660 is clear from the 
fact that George Larkham preached for him in April of 
that year. " April 28, 1660," says he, " I went towards 
Egremont to preach for Mr. Bird. The next day I 
preached there accordingly." ^ The following is still 
further confirmatory : — 

ffeb. the 27. 1657-8 collected for the Releife of 4 famillies whome 

had their houses & Shoopes borne downe to the ground on the 10th 

day of July 1657. 4 

The Minister signing is John Bird, and the following 
notes the baptism of a daughter.^ 

Chrestning 1659. 

Ann The Daughter of John Birde minister was borne att the 
parsonage of Egermond the 27th day of Aprill and was baptized the 
first Day of Maij. 5 

Take also the following which shows that Isaac Antrobus 

1. The Grammar School of St. Bees, p. 54. 

2. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 999. 

3. Lewis's Hist., p. 145. 

4. Parish Registers. 

5. Ihid. 

828 The Ejected of 1662 

was still in the neighbourhood and troublesome : — "John 
Bird of Egremont ' Cleark ' gets a warrant of peace on May 
31st, 1659, against Isack Antrobus, John Thompson, 
Henry Walker and Nicholas Bragg " ; and on " June 2nd 
Isak Antrobus gets a warrant against John Bird." Mr. 
Jackson has taken these facts from the Diary of Wm. 
Thomson of Thornflat, Justice of the Peace during the 
Commonwealth, the document being still preserved in the 
family. ^ The Drigg Registers note his burial thus : — 

William Thomson of Thornflat was buried on the 3rd. day of April 

John Bird's troubles were not yet at an end. In all 
probability he had to retire at the Restoration; and we 
next find him at Great Orton, where he seems to have 
suffered Ejection again. - 

— Halsell, 1662. 

This name follows that of Henry Dickenson in the St. 
Bees list given by Mr. Jackson, and against it appears the 
following: — "No attendance, ejected in 1662 for non- 
conformity." Mr. Jackson has, of course, taken this from 
Calamy. Both Calamy and Palmer give the name in 
connection with Egremont as representing an Ejected 
Minister and add — " an Antinomian." Beyond that no 
information about him is supplied, not even to the extent 
of his Christian name. There is, however, reason to 
regard the insertion of the name as an error. The 
presence of John Bird here from 1658 to, at least, 1660, 
leaves no room for Halsell. 

Isaac Antrobus, 1663 — 1672. 

These are the dates of his reappearance in the Egremont 
Parish Registers : in the St. Bees School Register his 
name does not occur after the Restoration. In all proba- 
bility, however, he returned to his living at Egremont 

1. The Mesne Manor of Thornflatt, by W. Jackson, p. 48. 

2. Vide p. 231. 

Egremont 829 

much before 1663. He died in 1672, and his burial entry 
reads thus : — - 

Burials 1672. 

Isaac Antrobus parson of Egremont died the 3 day of December and 
was Buried the 5th. 

RicHAED TicKELL, M.A., 1673—1692. 

He was instituted March 3, 1672-3, on the death of 
Isaac Antrobus, and compounded for his First Fruits the 
same year. The mandate for his Induction, dated June 
7, 1673, which took place five days afterwards, is endorsed 
" Rich. Hutton Rector de Bootle et Guil. Antrobus Curat 
of St. John's and St. Bridgetts." The Registers give the 
following : — 

Isabella ye daughter of Mr. Richard Tickell was bom January 5. 
baptized ye 20 1674/5. 

1677 Thomas ye son of Mr. Rich Tickell was bapt. Sept ye 5th. 

During this period he held the living of Bridekirk ^ also, 
and had as Curate, in 1683, John Collinson. He subse- 
quently had Distington^ as well as Egremont. There was 
for some reason a second Institution on Nov. 20, 1685,^ 
the Presentation being made by Charles, the Duke of 
Somerset and his wife. Richard Tickell appeared and 
exhibited before the Bishop, June 30, 1674, on the occa- 
sion of his Visitation, Gabriel Williamson doing the same 
as " Ludimagister," to which position he was appointed 
Nov. 20, 1665. The following will of course refer to 
Tickell : — 
Egremont : 1692. 

house of our minister is in good repair but ye barn stands in need 
of mending and he intends to have it done accordingly at all 
Convenient speed . . . paper book for names of strangers who preach. 
Our Curate has another ecclesiastical benefice but he is generally 
resident among us, and doth preach every Lord's day having no 
lawfuU impediment ... he diligently instructs ye youth in ye 
Church catechism. We have no Popish recessants. He never 
refuseth to visit ye sick or bury ye dead ; nor does he delay ye 
baptism of infants in danger of death. We know not any person 

1. Vide p. 721. 

2. Vide p. 802. 

3. So the Institution Book, but the Act Book gives Jan. 23. 1685/6. 

830 The Ejected of 1662 

unbaptized in our pish through our Minister's default . . . He is a 
man of a studious unblameable & exemplary life, no frequenter of 
Taverns or ale-houses, no comon gamester no swearer railer or 
Quarreller, he is no intemperate drinker nor suspected of incontin- 
ency; his apparrel is grave & decent . . . There are no psons wthin 
our pish who under prtence of Liberty of Conscience wholly neglect all 
publick worship. There is a Licensed Dissenting Preacher, i 

Henry Ogle, M.A., 1700. 

He was instituted Sept. 30, 1692, on the same Presenta- 
tion, the vacancy being caused by the death of Richard 
Tickell. The Registers give the following information 
respecting him : — 

Henricus Ogle Kector de Egremond natus fuit Imo die Januarij et 

Baptizatus lOmo die ejusdem Mensis Rothburiae in Com. Northum- 

briae Anno Aerae Xtianae 1668. 
The Registers also state that he was here in 1697-8 when 
he was "Aetatis suae 28." The Presentments for 1699 
say : — " Parson not resident among us so he keeps us a 
Curate." 2 

Thomas RoBiNsoisr, 1700 — 1737. 

He was instituted June 26, 1700, on the resignation of 
Henry Ogle. The Registers supply us with the following 
information about him : — 

Thomas Robinson Rector of Egremd was Baptized in Ousby Chr. 

in ye County of Cumberland September the 13th day 1672. 
His father was Minister at Ousby from 1672 to 1719.^ 
Thomas Robinson, junior, remained at Egremont until 
his death in 1737. His burial entry, and that of his wife 
who survived him only a month, read thus : — 

Burialls 1737 April 30. Mr. Thomas Robinson Rector of Egremond. 

May 28 Mrs Sarah Robinson widow of Mr. Thos. Robinson late 

Rector of Egremond. 

He had as Curat«, Anthony Davies, who, according to the 
Registers, was married by Charles Noble at " ye Parish 
Church of St. Bridget Feb. ye 6, 171^15." Anthony 
Davies " Clerk de Egremond Entred of ye place July ye 
13th 1715 & ye Steeple was Rebuilded in 1716."* 

1. Lancaster Transcripts. 

2. Ibid. ; also vide p. 1367. 

3. Vide p. 389. 

4. Parish Registers. 


This is a very sequestered place, some four miles south 
east of Egremont. The Church stands in a hollow with- 
out a house near, and its dedication is unknown. The first 
volume of the B-egisters is in parchment and begins with 
1544. It consists of baptisms, marriages and burials, and 
goes up to 1711. Many of its pages have been mutilated by 
damp and time; but the writing in most cases is legible. 
The marriages do not seem to go beyond the 17th Century. 
The following imperfect list of Incumbents has been 
obtained : — 

William Wilson, 1657^ — 1674. 

He was ordained Priest by Richard of Carlisle June 8, 
1623, his license to the Curacy here being accepted by 
the Archbishop of York, Oct. 16, 1662. The Registers 
give the marriages for 1657 to 1659 as performed by " me 
William Wilson minister " ; and his own burial entry 
reads thus : — 

1674 Will Wilson Gierke was buried the 16th of the same [January]. 

On the 30th of June previously at the Bishop's Visitation 
he appeared and exhibited. This covers the Restoration 
period; and it would seem that no change of any kind 
was effected by it. 

T. Parker, 1677. 

Thomas Milker, 1684. 

He was ordained Deacon Sept. 18, 1681, Priest 23, 
1683, and was admitted to the Cures of Ponsonby and 
Haile June 5, 1684. From this time onward through a 
long series of years the tAvo livings were held together. 
Milner signs the Transcripts as Curate in 1691, and was 
buried " Jan. ye 11, 1701." ^ 

T. Benn, 1701.2 

1. Lancaster Transcripts. 

2. Vide p. 834. 

832 The Ejected of 1662 

N. EoGERs, 1702. 

R. Jackson, 1702-5. 

Doubtless the person of that name who was at St. Bees, 
&c. 1 

John Parker, 1705. 

On the resignation of E. Jackson. He signs as Curate 
in this year. A person of this name was at Raughton 
Head in 1732.2 

Joseph Thompson, 1715. 

He signs as Curate in this year. 

Wm. Eumney, 1720. 

On the resignation of Potter. 

T. Parker, 1721. 

George Cannell, 1722 — 1778. 

He was of Trinity College, Dublin, and was " so expert 
a mathematician, that after he became blind he could 
have solved any problem in Euclid. He performed the 
duties of his church and taught a school in the parish for 
many years after he lost his sight." ^ He had Stephen 
Eeay as his Curate. Cannell signs the Transcripts as 
Curate in 1722 and for many years afterwards his name 
appears at intervals. His burial entry reads thus: — 
1778 George Cannall Minister of Haile from Egremont died Aprill 

17th buried 19th in the Church yard aged 80 years. Distemper Decay 

of nature. 

J. Waite, 1779. 

On the death of Cannell. 

1. Vide p. 783. 

2. Vide p. 505. 

3. Hutchinson, vol. i, p. 592. 


Beckermet often appears as St. John's, and is a few 
miles south of Egremont. The Church is dedicated to 
St. John the Baptist. The Eegisters are not earlier than 
1733. Along with it went the Chapel at Calderbridge, 
dedicated to St. Bridget which gave the name to the place. 
The Registers at the latter place begin in 1687, the 
earliest volume consisting of twenty two loose leaves of 
parchment. The two places were often referred to as 
John's and Bride's. No Historian attempts any list of 
those who have served these places; and the only dis- 
covered fragment dealing with our period is the follow- 

Cumberland. Martij 17. 1646. 

By vertue of &c yearely sume of fforty pounds bee payd out of ye 
pfitts of the Impropriate Rectoryes of Johns & Brides in the County 
of Cumberland sequestred from Wm. ffleming Recusant to & for 
increase of the maintenance of such Ministers as this Comitee shall 
aprove of to officiate ye Cure of ye Church att Johns & Brides 
aforesaid the present Maintenance belonging to ye said Church being 
onely a Stipend of 91i 6. 8. p annu And the Sequestrators &c payable. 
Har. Grimston. ^ 

William Antrobus, 1665. 

He was ordained Deacon by John Sodor, March 13, 
1624 ; Priest by Barnaby of Carlisle June 5, 1631 ; licensed 
Curate in his " duabus Capellis " by "Geo. of Cest." 
July 6, 1665 ; and subscribed the declaration the same day 
in his presence. 2 He is named in the St. Bees' Registers 
as " Minister " here in 1681, and " Curate of St. Bride's 
and St. John's " in 1684. 

Thos. Wilson, 1690. 

He obtained a faculty to serve the Cure here on June 9, 

1. S. P. Dom. Inter. F. 1 (Record Office). 

2. The Visitation Book (Chester Registry). 

834 The Ejected of 1662 

1690, and one to preacli throughout the Archdeaconry of 
Richmond on April 18, 1686. He was here in 1691. 

EicHARD Jackson, 1698. 

Doubtless the person to be met with at St. Bees and 

T. Benn, 1702.2 

Charles Noble, 1714. 

He was here in 1714 and he held the two livings for 
many years. 


Appointed on the removal of Charles Noble. 

1. Vide pp. 783, 832. 

2. Vide p. 831. 


This is between Gosfortli and Beckermet. The dedica- 
tion of the Church is unknown ; and its Registers do not go 
beyond 1723, the older ones having been lost or destroyed. 
Much the same has to be said of Ponsonby as was said of 
Beckermet and Calderbridge : the Historians make no 
attempt at a list of Incumbents and only a mere fragment 
belonging to our period has been recovered. The follow- 
ing is the document : — 

Cumberland. Att &c. Martii 17, 1646. 

By vertue &c sume of iSorty pounds bee payd out of the profitts of 
the Impropriate Rectory of Ponsonby in ye County of Cvmiberlaind 
Sequestred from Dame Margarett Curwen Recusant to and for increase 
of ye mayntenance of such Ministers as this Comittee shall approve of 
to officiate the Cure of the pish Church of Ponsonby aforesaid the 
pseait maintenance belonging to the said Church being onely A Stipend 
of ffoure pounds a yeare And the Sequestrators &c. 
Har. Grimston.' 

Egbert Mason, Mawson or Mayson, 1662. 

He was ordained Deacon Dec. 22, 1633, by Barnaby of 
Carlisle, and Priest on March 13, 1635. His license to 
serve the Cure here was accepted by the Archbishop of 
York Oct. 16, 1662, on which day he subscribed the 
required declaration. He appeared and exhibited as 
Curate here at the Bishop's Visitation June 30, 1674, and 
was certainly here in 1677. ^ From at least 1684 to 1779 
Ponsonby and Haile appear to have gone together; and 
for additional names the reader is directed to the account 
of Haile. ^ 

1. S. P. Dom. Inter., F. 1 (Record Office). 

2. Vide p. 849. 

3. Vide p. 831. 


This is a very considerable village between Egremont 
and Ravenglass, giving the name to the Deanery in which 
it stands. It appears in older documents as Gosford. The 
Church is dedicated to St. Mary, and the Registers begin 
in 1571. They are of parchment, in good condition, 
writing beautiful, and they have been largely copied and 
printed in the local magazine by the late Rector. The 
County Histories are of little help with the Incumbents, 
but the Registers supply their lack, and the following list 
has been obtained : — 

Thomas Thomson, 1571—1583. 

These are the dates of his appearance in the Registers ; 
but they only approximately represent the period during 
which he held the living. He is given as " Rector" under 
date 1571 ; a daughter, Helen, was baptized on May 1, 
1674; and a son, Thomas, on Aug. 24, 1576. In 1583 it 
is recorded that " all the rest which took place whilst 
Thomas Thomson was Rector are wanting." This ends 
Part I. of Yol. I. Probably he was a native of the 
district. Foster names a Thomas Thompson of Cumber- 
land, as possibly Rector of Beaumont, a little after this 

Nicholas Copeland, 1592 — 1607. 

The person of this name who was Master of the St. Bees 
Grammar School; and who probably was not resident at 
Oosforth. The Registers give the following: — 

Eegister for the Parish of Gosforth begun AD. 1592 Nicholas 
Copeland Rector. 

1592 Nicolao Copeland tunc Rectore ibm Anno dni 1592. John 
Copley 1679. 

His Curates appear to have been : — John Bewes who 
buried his wife Margaret, June 8, 1597, and married 

1. Al. Ox. ; also vide p. 219. 



" Janeta Jackson vid " Dec. 21 of the same year; Cliristo- 
pher Palmer who married " Margareta Sharp de Hall " 
Nov. 24, 1599 ; and William Frears whose " putativa " 
daughter was baptized June 6, 1600. In this year 
Nicholas Copeland records in the Begisters that they are 
" made compared and agreeing with the paper Book of 
the Registers." He signs as " Clerk, E-ector," his Church- 
wardens being John Fletcher, John Mayson and Richard 
Milton. Nicholas Copeland appears to have been a con- 
siderable Pluralist, for he held Brigham as well as 
Gosforth; possibly after being at Gosforth he was at 
Brampton.^ He was dismissed from the Grammar School, 
and doubtless we have a reflection of this in a document 
endorsed " 1599 aut circiter a clause of ye last Will of 
Mr. Copeland Scholemaster of St. Begas before Mr. 
Briscoe." It appears to be a bitter satire and he men- 
tions as his nephew "Mr. Willm Copeland parson of 
Gosforth." There is some difficulty in the date, for 
Nicholas Copeland did not resign until 1607. This was 
done on Sept. 12 in presence, among others, of Edward 
Johnson, Clerk. The Act Book (Chester Registry) gives 
William Sawrey, probably the person afterwards at 
Windermere, as giving Bond for Gosforth on July 28, 
" XXXV Eliz." It is not easy to make this agree with the 
dates above given, though it is quite certain that about 
this time Sawrey was here for a little while in some 
capacity or other. 

William Copeland, 1607—1628. 

He was admitted and instituted Oct. 1, 1607, the 
vacancy being caused by the " free and spontaneous resig- 
nation of Nicholas Coupland." ^ For some reason or 
other William Copeland was deprived. Unfortunately 
there is a break in the Registers from 1612 to 1632, and 

1. Vide pp. 250, 747. 

2. Act Book (Chester Registry). 

838 The Ejected of 1662 

consequently they do not witness to the fact; but the 
following document is decisive : — 

Willmo Copland Clico ult. Incumbens ibm per Comissarios Dni 
Regis pro Causis Ecclicis deprivat.' 

According to the St, John's College Eegister, Cambridge, 
" Nicholas Coupland son of William Coupland, rector of 
Grosforth, Cumberland," went to the College there in 
1634. This Nicholas Copeland is said to have been born 
at Gosforth, trained for three years by Mr. Rutter at 
Muncaster School, and admitted Sizar for Mr. Pryse. 
His surety was Mr. Senhouse and the date of his admis- 
sion is given as May 22, 1634, he being at the time 22 
years of age. 

Peter Hudson, M.A., 1628—1645. 

He was ordained Deacon Sept. 20, 1618 ; Priest May 23, 
1619, being then " M.A.," and was instituted Aug. 12, 
1628, on a Presentation by John Senhouse "Ar." the 
vacancy having been caused by the deprivation of William 
Copeland. He appears in the Registers in 1636 as 
" Rector " ; and the following relates to the baptism of a 
son : — 

1638 Nov. 18. Edward, son of Peter Hudson. 

He remained until his death in 1645, his burial entry 
being as follows : — 

Burials 1645. Aug. 2. Peter Hudson, rector of Grosforth. 

The Act Book gives Charles Robson, B.D,, as instituted 
Sept. 1, 1636, on the " death of William Copeland " ; but 
there appears to be no opening for him. He was at Holm 
Cultram from 1632 to 1638.- 

John Robinson, 1653. 

In an Inventory of the goods of " Thomas Curwen, late 
of Sellow Parke in the parish of St. Bridgetts in the 
County of Cumberland Esquire deceased " dated May 24, 
1653, appears the name of John Robinson " preacher at 
Gosforth." He is there said to be owing Thomas Curwen 

1. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

2. Vide p. 593. 

Gosforth 839 

"xxs." 1 How long he had been here, and how long he 
remained we have no means of knowing. That is the 
only scrap of information about him that has been 
obtained; and it is to be regretted that the curtain falls 
at a moment of interest. 

John Benn, 1657—1676. 

He was here in 1657 when he compounded for his First 

Fruits : — 

3 June [1658] ffirst Nov. 1656 
Cumberland ffirst May 1657 xvU xixs Id ob.2 

R. Gosforth John Benn CI. ffirst Nov. 1657 

ffirst May 1658 

To meet the new situation brought in by the Restoration 
he was ordained Deacon and Priest May 3, 1662, by James 
Archbishop of Dublin, and accepted in the Curacy here 
on Oct. 2, 1662, by the Ai-chbishop of York, subscribing 
the declaration on the 22nd of October following. The 
Presentation to the living was made by " John Senhouse 
Ar." The Registers give the baptism of Mary, a daughter 
June 25, 1667; and he is styled " Clerk of Gosforth." In 
the Will of John Senhouse of Seascale, dated March 21, 
1669, " John Benn Parson of Gosforth" is named. With 
1673 a volume of the Registers ends, and John Benn was 
still here; and at the Bishop's Visitation June 30, 1674, 
he appeared and exhibited as Rector. A hiatus occurs 
for 1674, 1675, 1676, 1677. Under date March 27, 1668, 
among the burials we have " Henry Ben, clerici." Who 
and what he was it is difficult to say ; but the Benns were 
so numerous in this district that it is almost impossible 
to keep them distinct. 

Thomas Morland, B.A., 1676—1688. 

He was ordained Deacon and Priest by Edward of 
Carlisle Feb. 28, 1674-5, and instituted to the living on 
April 23, 1676, on a Presentation by John Senhouse, the 
vacancy having been caused by the death of John Benn. 

1. The Curwens of Workington Hall, &c., p. 62. 

2. Composition Books (Record Office). 

840 The Ejected of 1662 

His induction by E-ichard Hutton of Bootle was on the 
5th of May following. A new volume of the Registers 
begins in 1678 with Thomas Morland as Rector; and 
whereas the other entries had been in Latin these are in 
English. The following are extracted from it: — 

Baptisms 1680 Nov. 5. John son of Thomas Morland, Rector of 
Gos forth. 

1683. Sept. 18. Mary daughter of Thomas Morland. 

1685 July 6. Thomas, son of Thomas Morland, Rector. 

1687 May 17. Elizabeth, daughter of Tho. Morland Rectr. 

Burials, 1684 

Aug. 11 Mary, daughter of Thomas Morland, Rector. 

John Morland, whose baptism is recorded above, 
graduated M.A. at Queen's College, Oxford, and was 
Rector of Skelton 1714—1748, and Yicar of Penrith 

Christopher Denton, B.A., 1688 — 1738. 

He was the son of Thomas Denton, Rector of Crosby 
Garrett, being baptized there on April 9, 1668. He was 
a graduate of Magdalen College, Cambridge, where he 
took his B.A. in 1687. He was ordained Deacon on 
June 10, 1688, by Thomas of Carlisle ; Priest by the same 
Aug. 5, 1688; and instituted to Gosforth the day follow- 
ing, being presented to the living by the " last John 
Senhouse of Seascale " at the "early age of 21." The 
Registers note his marriage thus : — 

Jan. 21, 1696-7 Christopher Denton Rector and Mrs. Isobell Sherwin 

in ye pish Church of Gosforth. 

He remained here until his death in 1738, his burial entry 
being as follows : — 

1738 The Reverend Mr. Chrestopher Denton, Rector of Gosforth 
buried June the sexth. 

He appears in the list of minor benefactors, to the St. 
Bees Grammar School. 

Peter Murthwaite, 1738 — 1772. 

He was presented June 22, 1738, and held the living 
until his death in 1772. 

1. Al. Ox. 


Drigg is on the coast a few miles above Ravenglass. 
The Church here is dedicated to St. Peter. The earliest 
volume of the Registers is of parchment and in fair condi- 
tion. The writing is clear and the first entry is a baptism 
•dated July 2, 1631. jN^icolson and Burn pass over Drigg 
with a few sentences, and Jefferson and others supply 
•only a very meagre list of Incumbents. The following 
names have been obtained : — 

John Smith, 1654. 

He was an Itinerant, having charge of a very large area 
including Eskdale, Wasdale, Irton, Drigg and Muncaster. 
The John Smiths ^ in the ministry at this time were quite 
numerous ; and it is impossible to identify this one. 

Andrew Thomson, 1658. 

This is inserted on the authority of the State Papers, 
which contain a mittimus against Richard Robinson and 
Joseph Nicholson, granted by "William Thomson of Thorn- 
:flat, Justice of Peace, because they "did vpon the 11th day 
of the moneth of June [1658] in the Church of Drigg in the 
County of Cumberland disturbe Mr. Andre Thomson & 
vpon the 13th day of the same moneth of June being 
Lordes day did againe disturbe the said Mr. Andre 
Thomson in the Church of Munkester." - At this time 
James Thomson was at Corney,^ and may be that both 
were related to the Thopisons of Thornflat. It would 
seem that Muncaster and Drigg were joined under his 
ministry as they had been under that of John Smith. 
At the Bishop's Visitation June 30, 1674, Drigg is given 
«s vacant and so is Irton. 

1. Vide p. 1030. 

2. S. P. Dom. Inter., vol. 182, fol. 136. 

3. Vide p. 854. 

842 The Ejected of 1662 

William Benson, 1676. 

Tlie following appears in the Registers : — 
Gulielmus Benson hoc Scripsit Anno Christi 1676. 

The Bensons were also plentiful in this district and Foster 
mentions several among his Oxford Alumni. William 
Benson was subsequently at Corney, possibly holding it 
in Plurality with Drigg. i 

Robert Crompton, B.A., 1677, 

He exhibited a faculty for preaching here Nov. 25, 
1676, being described as " CI. vicar de Kirkby Ireleth in 
Art. Baccall." He was here in 1677. A person of this 
name was at Corney and Whicham.^ 

Joseph Benn, 1684—1730. 

He was from the "Academy of Dublin " ; ordained 
Deacon June 16, 1680; Priest May 29, 1681; admitted to 
the Curacy of Drigg June 5, 1684; and the same day to' 
that of Irton, obtaining also a faculty to teach boys at 
Irton on that day. The Benns like the Bensons were a 
considerable family in these parts, and many of them 
entered the ministry. The following appear in the 
Registers : — 

1699 Bridgett Benn daughter of Joseph Benn Curatt bapd ye 
29th day of May. 

1709 Jon. Benn sonn of Joseph Beain Curatt of Drigg was Baptized 
ye 19th day of Aprill. 

1712 Wm. Benn son of Josp. Benn Curati Sepult ye 15 day of 

Joseph Benn signs the Transcripts as Curate from at 
least 1690 to 1729; and his burial entry is thus given in 
them : — 

Joseph Benn Clerk Sepult 25 Maij 1730. 3 

A person of this name appears at Ennerdale in 1680. 

1. Vide p. 856. 

2. Vide pp. 855, 871. 

3. Lancaster Transcripts. 



Edward Bureough, 1730 — ^1775. 

Until the appointment of the present Vicar, the Rev. 
K. M. Pughe, M.A., in 1881, the living was held in 
Plurality with Irton. 

At the end of November 1658, the Registers give the 
following, which is probably intended to express the 
opinion of the writer in reference to the Commonwealth 
period : — 

for their is noe God before then eyes. 


This place is about four miles east of Drigg. The 
Church is represented as dedicated to St. Paul; but it i& 
also claimed that the true dedication is to St. Michael 
and All Angels. The Registers begin in 1694; and they 
were largely copied and printed in the local Magazine 
during the Incumbency of Mr. Pughe. The original is 
in parchment, and is in much the same condition as the 
one at Drigg. The outside leaf is occupied entirely with 
entries of the family of Joseph Benn, at that time Yicar 
of Irton. The following is a copy: — 
Irton Register. 
Wm. Benn made a verball Will October ye 10th day 1714 
Jno. Benn sonn of Joseph Benn Cnratt was bapd ye 19th day of 
Apprill anno 1709. 

Inside the fly leaf is the following : — 
Amno 1695. 
Wm. Benn son of Joseph Benn clerk Bap. ye 8th day of July 

Anno 1695 
Wm. Benn son of Joseph Benn Clerk Sepult ye 15 day of June 
ye anno 1711. 

Ann. 1697 
Bridget filia of Joseph Benn Curate bap. ye 10th day of March, 
Bridget fiUia of Josp Benn Curat sepult ye 23d day of March. 

Anno 1699 
Bridget fillia of Josp Benn Curatt bapd ye 29th day of May 1699. 
Jon. Beoin son of Josp Benn clerk bapd ye 19th day of Apriole 1709. 

This last entry repeats the one above given. On the other 
side of the fly leaf we have as follows : — 

The Register Book of the Parish of Irton Begun Anno 1697. 
Also : — 

1730 Thomas Benson son of Wm. Benson clerk Sepult ye 16 February 
from Stangends. 

The Transcripts give the following : — 

Irton. John Thompson & Mary Birkett married the 19th day of 

June by Mr. Benson Curate 1676.^ 

The Incumbent list is, of course, the same as the one at 

1. Lancaster Transcripts. 


Eskdale is near the terminus of the miniature Boot 
Railway; and at the foot of Scawfell. Formerly a 
Chapelry of St. Bees, the Church is now dedicated to St. 
Catherine, " virgin and martyr, which is an unusual 
dedication in the north there being only one other instance 
of it in the diocese of Carlisle." ^ The Churchwardens' 
Accounts begin in 1699, and the Registers in 1626. These, 
however, are much mutilated, some entries being cut out, 
and the years 1651 — 1654 missing. There is only an 
imperfect list of Incumbents for the period with which 
we are concerned. 

John Smith, 1654. 

The following refers to him : — 

Eshdale Washdale Know all men &c the 20th day of July in the 

&c yeare 1654 There was exhibited &c An Order of ye 

John Smith Comrs for propagation of ye Gospell in ye ffoure 

Order. Northerne Counties Whereby Mr. John Smith is 

appointed to be Itinerant preacher at Eshdale 

Jo. Smith cert, as Washdale Muncaster Ireton and Drigg in the 
aforesd by County of Cumberland and to receive ye Stipends 

James Thompson & profits belonging to the said parishes and the 
of Moresby yearely sume of twenty foure pounds Thirteene 

Lawrence Wise of Shillings and foure pence payable by Sir Wilfrid 
Chatham Lawson and also another order of ye said Comrs 

Willm Thompson, for propagation of ye Gospell &c whereby ye said 

Mr. Smith is empowered to receive the yearely 

sume of Twelve pounds According to a Schedule hereunto annexed. 
As by ye said Orders doe further appear The said Commissionrs for 
approbation of pubHque preachers being thereimto desired on the 
behalfe of ye said Mr. John Smith and finding him qualified as in 
ye & by the ordinance for such approbation is required Doe by these 
presents ratify confirme and allow him the said Mr. John Smith to 
continue as Itinerant prea^^her in ye parishes of Eshdale, Washdale, 
Muncaster, Ireton & Drigg aforesaid And to receive possesse enjoy 
all Stipend or Stipends Rents dues & profits Whatsoever by vertue 
of the said orders setled upon him. In Witnes whereof they have 

1. Gosforth Deanery, by A. G. Loftie, p. 95. 

846 The Ejected of 1662 

caused ye Common Seale to be hereunto affixed and ye same to be 
attested by the hand of ye Regr by his Highnes in yt behalfe 
appointed. Dated at Whitehall ye 22 Day of July 1654.' 

William Wilson, 1676. 

He signs the Transcripts in this year.^ 

Thomas Parker, 1684—1716. 

He was ordained Deacon June 3, 1674, admitted to the 
Curacy Sept. 4, 1684; and obtained a faculty to exercise 
the gift of "pedagogy" September 22, 1686. "The 
First Publishers of the Truth," gives an account of 
William Wilson's visit to Eskdale when he encountered 
" One Priestt Parker, who in Cruell E-age did beatt & 
wound him with one of his Crutches, untill the Blood 
runn down his Shoulders. The Priestt being lame, 
and nott able as he would to effect his purpose, Caused his 
horse to be brought, on which he mounted, and in the 
Sight of the People he broke his staff in three pieces on 
William's bare head, which made the People cry outt 
againstt his Merciless Work. Butt before the Priestt 
gott home he was struck with sickness, thatt hee never 
come more to the Steeple House ; and dureing the Time of 
his sickness hee was loathsom & stinking above ground, 
and soe the wicked Priestt dyed. Wm. Willson came 
again afterwards, and visited the People about Eskdale 
for which hee mett with great suffering by another Priestt 
att thatt Place." ^ Unfortunately no date is given, but 
the reference is undoubtedly to the Thomas Parker who 
died in 1716. Hutchinson says that he was educated at 
Glasgow, totally blind for twenty years before his death, 
but that he performed every ministerial duty except read 
the lessons and psalms which his son did for him ; and that 
he was " remarkable for his obstinacy of opinion, and 
positiveness in argument, either on subjects of divinity or 
history." * 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 997. 

2. Lancaster Transcripts 

3. P. 47. 

4. Hutchinson, vol. i, p. 577, note 



William Eumnet, 1717. 

He was instituted February 6tli, 1717, on the death of 

Thomas Parker, 1722—1769. 

He was instituted on the removal of William Eumney. 

The Chapelries of Wasdale Head and Nether Wasdale 
do not call for separate treatment. They are ancient 
foundations, as witness the Commonwealth Survey of 
1649, which states that at that time " there was noe 
preaching Minister at Ashdale or Washdale.^ It is, 
Jiowever, not possible to present any adequate list of men 
who served these places. The Registers of Nether 
Wasdale are not earlier than 1711 ; and the people at 
Wasdale were accustomed to bury at Grosforth or Eskdale 
in those early times. There is mention of a James 
Sheppard, Deacon at Wasdale Head, in 1719. 

1. Lambeth MSS. Survey, vol. ii. 


This is a few miles from Ravenglass in the beautifully 
wooded and sequestered neighbourhood of Muncaster 
Castle. The Church is dedicated to St. Michael and All 
Angels, and the Registers begin with 1583. Among the 
burials are a few from 1583 ; there is also a list of christen- 
ings beginning with June 1583, and there are a few 
weddings belonging to 1586. The earliest volume is of 
parchment, writing is decipherable mostly, though faded 
in places; it is bound in paper covers and begins with 
weddings in May, 1593. No list of Incumbents has been 
attempted by any of the Historians ; and in the " Gosf orth 
Deanery " the statement that " the perpetual curates of 
Muncaster till 1844 were also rectors of Waberthwaite '^ 
is not quite correct.^ During part of our period at any 
rate the two livings appear to have been held apart. 

John Paeke, 1596. 

Over against a marriage in September, 1596, inked by a 
late hand the Registers give the following : — 

Sr John Parke Clarke of Muncaster. 
Also we read, but whether referring to the same person is- 
not certain : — 

Johannes Parke & Ellena Cady Conjugati 30 Aprilis 1632. 

The Parkes were a local family. 

Edward Cuppage, 1617. 

This name is inserted tentatively, the word " Clericus " 
not being absolutely decisive. The Registers give the 
following : — 

Edwardus Cuppage Clericus Sepultus fuit primo die Martij 1624. 
Stephanus Cuppage filius Edwardi Cuppage Clerici baptizatus fuit 
die vicessimo sexto decembris Anno domini 1617. 

Ricardus Cuppage filius Edwardi Cuppage Clerici baptizatus fuit 
prime die mensis Octobris ann. domini 1619. 

Maria Cuppage filia Edwardi Cuppage baptizata, fuit die viceasimo 
secundo mensis Julij anno domini 1621. 

1. P. 88. 

Muncaster 849 

James Thompson, 1637. 
Tlie Registers have : — 

Klerikos Jacobus Thompson & Agneta Jackson Conjugati 13 die 
Maij Ao Dnj 1637 Kl. 

Possibly the person of that name who appears at Moresby 
a little later. ^ "Whether he was actually at Muncaster is. 
not certain though it is desirable to insert the name herc 

JoHN Smith, 1654.2 

Andrew Thomson, 1658.^ 

William Grainger, B.A., 1686. 

At the Bishop's Visitation June 30, 167-4, Muncaster is' 
given as vacant. Admission to the Curacy here was given 
to William Grainger August 31, 1686, by " Tobias Wick- 
ham S.T.P. Dec. et cap. Ebor." From this point 
Muncaster and Waberthwaite appear to be joined in the 
same person and information about other occupants of the- 
living must be sought under Waberthwaite.* The 
Waberthwaite Registers give the burial of Robert 
Mawson, Minister of Muncaster, on February 24, 1707. 
He was instituted in 1704 and possibly sem-ed as Curate 
for Henry Holmes, who held both Waberthwaite and 
Muncaster. It is, however, not easy to fix Mawson, for, 
in 1705, he signs Richard Jackson's Certificate as " Rector 
of Waberthwaite." ^ 

Inside the cover of the Registers we get the following : 

Thou art always fool, or 
Always civil, that Man 
with thee is either 
God or devil. 

1. Vide p. 806. 

2. Vide under Eskdale, p. 845. 

3. Vide under Drigg, p. 841. 

4. Vide p. 852. 

5. Vide p. 784; also p. 835. 


A little north of Bootle and about a couple of miles 
from Eskmeals Station lies Waberthwaite. It appears as 
''Wayeberwhatt," "Waybergthwait," and "Abertbwayte." 
The Church is dedicated to St. John the Baptist; and the 
earliest Register Book, a parchment volume, is in fair 
condition, though the writing is faded in places. 
Evidently two or three leaves have gone; and the first 
decipherable dates are — births 1656, burials 1657, and 
marriages 1659. The following is the list of Incumbents : 

Christopher Troughton, 1580 — 1608. 
He was instituted August 15, 1580, 

William Troughton, B.A., 1608. 

He was instituted September 5, 1608, on the resignation 
of Christopher Troughton. 

Samuel Rutter, 1630. 

He was instituted August 1, 1630, on a Presentation by 
" Joseph Pennington Ar." The Act Book also has the 
following, which if correct must mean a second institu- 
tion : " Haberthwaite June 12, 1641, Samuelis Rutter on 
presentation of William Penington." Reference has 
already been made to him in the account of Gosforth.^ 
It appears that in addition to his purely ministerial work 
he taught a School. Foster has the following : " Rutter 
Samuel, bishop of Sodor and Man 1661, archdeacon 1640, 
canon of Lichfield 1660; perhaps rector of Waberthwaite, 
Cumberland, 1630 ; died 30 May 1662." 2 In the Church 
is an old oak pulpit with the following inscription upon 
it: — 

The gift of M. Abraham Chakners, Gent. Vae mihi si non verum 
praedico S.R. 1630. 
The date is on a separate piece of wood which has been 

1. Vide p. 838. 

2. Al. Ox 

"Waberthwaite 851 

inserted, but the patterns of the carving agree with the 
date. In 1707 a canopy was added to it by the parish 
at a cost of 5s. 6d.^ The initials no doubt stand for the 
name of Samuel Rutter. The author of " The House of 
Stanley " says that Rutter was sworn Bishop of Man in 

1661, that he had been "Archdeacon several years, and 
governed the Church with great prudence during the late 
wars." He speaks of him as my " learned and right 
reverend author," " a man of exemplary goodness and 
moderation," who " sat as bishop till the year 1663, to 
whose assistance I am greatly obliged for his collections 
and memoirs made use of in my present history of the 
noble House of Stanley, but especially in that ever 
memorable Siege of Latham ; in the defence of which he 
had a large share." ^ 

Christopher Stockbridge, 1657. 

This name appears in the Certificate of James Thomson 
on his appointment to Corney in that year, s Foster gives 
a person so named as of Cumberland, who graduated M.A. 
from St. Edmund Hall, Oxford, in 1609; another the son 
of John Stockbridge of Millom, who matriculated at 
Queen's Coll. Dec. 9, 1636, at the age of 18; and John the 
son of Christopher of the Meales, Cumberland, minister, 
who took his M.A. at Queen's Coll. in 1675.* There can 
be little doubt that the Waberthwaite Rector belonged to 
one or other of these. He was ordained Deacon by John 
of Chester June 2, 1642; Priest by George of Chester 
August 20, 1662 ; instituted to Waberthwaite August 26, 

1662, on which day he subscribed the declaration; and 
was licensed " Edit. p. Cancellor Cestr " 6 July, 1665. He 
appeared and exhibited at the Bishop's Visitation June 
30, 1674, along with William Caddy who had been 
appointed "Aeditus" "p Chr. Matteson Surgt Comry April 

1. Gosforth Deanery, p. 90. 

2. History of the House of Stanley, pp. 4, 606. Printed in Preston 
by E. Sargent, 1793. 

3. Vide p. 854. 

4. Al Ox. 

852 The Ejected of 1662 

30, 1674." Stockbridge appears to have been undisturbed 
in bis living until bis death in 1677. 

IViLLiAM Grainger, B.A., 1677 — 1698. 

He was the son of William Grainger of Crosby Hill, 
"Westmorland, and went from Sedbergb School to St. 
John's College, Cambridge, in 1668, being then 20 years 
of age. He took his B.A. degree in 1672,^ was ordained 
Deacon by Edward of Carlisle, September 21, 1673, Priest, 
September 15, 1674 ; and instituted to "Waberthwaite July 

31, 1677, on a Presentation by Wm. Pennington, Bart., 
"the vacancy having been* caused by the death of Christo- 
pher Stockbridge. He had charge of Muncaster as well 
as Waberthwaite until his death which took place in 
1698. His burial entry reads thus: — 

Mr Grainger of Waberthwait Buried May ye 15 1698. 

Henry Holmes, M.A., 1698—1719. 

He was of St. John's College, Cambridge, where he 
graduated B.A. in 1693 and M.A. in 1697. His marriage 
with, possibly, the widow of William Grainger, is thus 
noted in the Registers : — 

Mr. Henry Holmes & Mrs ffrances Grainger Married Aprill 13. 1702. 

He held the living until his death in 1719, his burial 
«ntry being as follows : — 

Mr. Holmes was Buried ye 7th day of April 1719. 
A person of this name, possibly a son, Mas at Bootle from 
1704 to 1729.2 

The following appears in the Registers : — 

Edward Tubman buried 14th of October [1678] parochia de muncaster 
comitatu Cumbriae. 
These are to certifie yt Wm Caddy of Ravenglass and fardinand 
Laurence of ye same both in ye pish of Muncaster did severally make 
oath before me Sr. Wm. Pennington Barronett one of his Majesties 
Justices of peace for ye sd county ye 19th of October yt ye corps of 
Edward Tubman late of Ravenglass deceased was buried within ye 
said pish church or churchyard ye day and year abovesaid and was 

1. Sedbergh School Register, p. 91. 

2. Vide p. 865. 



not put in wrapt or wound up in or buried in any shirt, shift, sheet 
or shroud made or mingled with flax hemp silke hair gold or silver 
or other then what was made of sheeps wool onely, or in any coffin 
lined or faced with any cloath, stuffe or any other thinge whatsoever 
then what was made of sheeps wool onely, according to a late act of 
Parliament in yt case made and provided 

Wittness our hands and Seales 
Jurat, apd Muncaster William Caddy 

decimo mono die 
8bris curam me 

William Pennington Lawrence 

vera copia 


In older documents this appears as "Corno," "Cornay,"" 
and " Cornliow." It lies about two miles north east of 
Bootle Station. The Church is dedicated to St. John the 
Baptist, and the earliest Registers begin only in 1754. 
The list of Incumbents is imperfect : — 

Thomas Antrobus, 1630. 

He was instituted August 1, 1630, on a Presentation by 
Isaac Antrobus " de Egremont." Foster has Thomas 
Antrobus of Cumberland who matriculated at Queen's 
College, Oxford, Feby. 27, 1600-1, being then 16 years of 

James Thomson or Thompson, 1657. 

An entirely new name and the scribe in the following,. 

which refers to his appointment, has miswritten it 

Thomas : — 
Corney in Com. 

[should be Cumberland]. James Thomas Clerk — ^Admitted the- 

26th of Augt 1657 to ye R. of Corney in ye County of Northumberland 
Upon a pres. exhibited the same day from Wm. pennington Esqr 
the patron And Certificates from Geo. Larkham of Cockermouth 
Geo. Benson of Bridestake [Bridekirk] Ric. Hutton Chr. Stockbridge 
of Waberthwayte Jo Benn of Gosforth.- 

He compounded for his First Fruits here in 1657/8, as the- 
following testifies : — 
R. Corney. 

Bound John Moore of the parish of In Hand viijli 

Whitechappell in the County of Midds ffirst Augt 1658 xvijs: 
Silke Throwster & John Thompson of ffirstffebr 1658 iiijd 
Olaves Hart Street London Cordwayner ffirst Aug. 1659 ob.3- 
ffor James Thompson CI. 

1. Al. Ox. 

2 Lambeth MSS (Plund. Min.), 998. 

3. Composition Bookfi (Record Office). 

Coraey 855 

A mittimus was granted by William Thomson of 
Thornflat, Justice of the Peace, against Richard Robin- 
son '' for disturbing of Mr. James Thompson in his pish 
Church of Corney wthin the County of Cumberland vpon 
30th day of May last past being the lord day."i Doubt- 
less this is the person who appears at Moresby in 1654.2 
He was gone by 1661 when his successor was appointed. 
It was stated earlier that this large district appears to 
have been little disturbed by the political and religious 
events of the 17th Century; it is, however, necessary to 
add that in several cases the livings changed hands about 
1660. Whether this was a mere coincidence, or was due 
to the new policy brought in by the Restoration only 
fuller light can determine. 

This is the person whose burial is thus recorded in the 
Waberthwaite Registers : — 

James Thompson minister buried the 27 of November 1664. 

FraisiCis Berkley, 1661. 

He was instituted August 20, 1661, on the Presentation 
of Wm. Pennington, the vacancy being " per mortem 
Thomas Antrobus." ^ Here again it will be noted that 
James Thomson being a Commonwealth appointment does 
not count, unless it may be assumed that Thomas 
Antrobus had been displaced, and that he returned to his 
living at the Restoration, but died shortly afterwards. 
The evidence points in favour of some sort of forced 
retirement for James Thomson. Francis Berkley com- 
pounded for his First Fruits here in 1662. 

Robert Crompton, B.A., 1666. 

He was accepted by the Archbishop of York, September 
20, 1663; ordained Deacon and Priest the same day; 
and instituted to Corney May 2, 1666, on the same 
Presentation as the last one. He compounded for his 
First Fruits in 1668, and appeared and exhibited as 

1. S. P. Dom. Inter., vol. 182, fol. 136. 

2. Vide p. 806. 

3. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

856 The Ejected of 1662 

Rector at the Bishop's Visitation, June 30, 1674. He was 
subsequently at Whicham.^ 

Christopher Stockbridge, 1677. ^ 

William Benson, B.A., 1677—1738. 

He was ordained Deacon by Henry Sodor, January 18, 
1675; Priest by Nicholas of Chester, May 21, 1676; and 
instituted July 31, 1677, on the Presentation of Miles 
Pennington. Doubtless this is the person who was at 

The following interesting letter is from his pen : — 

These 2 lines may certifie yu yt we have in our parish one John 
Pirt & his wife Isabell yt are Comon Sabbath-breakers the bake ther 
bread upon the Lords day as will Appear by the evidence of one 
Richard Jackson in Comey who was an eye witness to yt action 
Isabell the wife of the above named Pirt did bring forth her full 
born Son within 20 weeks after the were married, we did at yor Court 
at Ravenglaas present one Wm. Jackson for not receiveing the 
Sacrament of the lords supper & pirt did advise him to come to you 
& Mr. Trotter & Inform you concerning all the defamation yt ever 
were heard agst me & you would sett him at liberty & he should be 
free I pray you be not slow to punish this man who is admitted of 
all his neighbours for impiety you may by a citation (if you please) 
wch you may send by this bearer call him to Kendall the next Court, 
he is a man of noe courage but rich enough therefore cause him to 
pay for his Roguery the bearer will confirm what I averr If you 
enquire of hina; wt I have here writte I pray yu doe not discover 
for if he knew he would scarce faile to doe my cattell a mischief 
this is all from him 

who is 
Comey Maij 11th 1692 Sr. yr humble Servt 

ffor Wm. Benson. 

Mr. Josiah Lambert 

att his office in 


These. 4 

1. Vide p. 871 ; vide also Drigg, p. 842. 

2. Vide Waberthwaite, p. 851. 

3. Vide p. 842. 

4. Lancaster Transcripts. 



John Fisher, 1738—1788. 

He was instituted December 25, 1738, on a Presentation 
by Robert Pennington, the death of William Benson 
being the cause of the vacancy. John Fisher died in 

The Gentleman'' s Magazine for 1788 gives the following 
obituary notice : — 

At Corney co Cumberland, aged 84 the Rev. Mr. Fisher, 52 years 
rector of that parish. His predecessor, the Rev. Mr. Benson had it 
60 years ; the rectory has therefore had only two incumbents for the 
last 112 years. 


This is an ancient market town near the Cumbrian 
coast, and about eight miles north of Millom. It appears 
as " Betelij," " Betill als Bootle." The market ceased to 
exist many years ago. The Registers of the Church are 
disappointing; because the entries are so exceedingly 
fragmentary. They begin in 1655 ; but there are only 
two pages occupied with them prior to 1663. The writing 
is in good condition, and the following is an account of 
the earliest Registers : — 

Registers from the year of our Lord 1655 till the year of our 
Lord 1690 containing 35 years. 
Gr. Outhwaite 
Curate of Bootle 
Novr 6. 1793. 

I. 1655—1695. A few entries also for 1705. 

II. 1708—1766. 

III. 1767—1779. 

IV. 1778—1788. 

V. 1788—1799. 

VI. 1800—1812. 

In reference to the Incumbents, neither the County 
Histories nor the Registers lend much assistance. The 
following is the list as far as can be ascertained : — 

Richard Brown, 1535. • 

Nicolson and Burn make no attempt to supply any 
names ; Hutchinson begins with the Restoration ; Whellan, 
Jefferson, and the Rev. A. G. Loftie, M.A.,^ begin with 
Richard Brown in 1535 ; but they leave a huge gap of 
more than a century after him. In the Church is an 
octagonal font on the seventh side of which appear the 
two large letters "R.B." supposed to be the initials of the 
name of the Rector in question. No further information 
respecting him is forthcoming. 

1. The Gosforth Deanery. 



Henry Lovell, B.A., 1582. 

William Antrobus, 1583 — 1607. 

He was instituted January 17, 1583/4, and was probably 
the person who held Egremont from 1581 — 1622.^ In 
that case he would be a Pluralist. 

William Antrobus, B.A., 1607—1627. 
He died in the latter year. 

William Crakenthorpe, B.A., 1627 — 1629. 

He was instituted February 7, 1627/8 on a Presentation 
by William Pennington, the cause of vacancy being the 
death of William Antrobus. Foster says that he was of 
Westmorland, matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford, 
May 3, 1605, at the age of 19 years, and graduated B.A. 
July 7, 1613."^ He held the livings of St. Lawrence, 
Appleby, and Brougham, near Penrith. ^ 

Samuel Dodding, M.A., 1629—1646. 

He was instituted in November, 1629, on the cession of 
the last Incumbent ; and was probably the son of William 
Dodding, Eector of South Pool, Devon, in 1613. Samuel 
Dodding matriculated Queen's College, Oxford, January 
19, 1620-1, at the age of 14 years; took his B.A. February 
7, 1623-4; and M.A. July 2, 1627.* He was sequestered 
as the following shows : — 
Bootle. 25 April 1646. 

It is ordered yt upon Certificate from ye Comtee of Pari, for ye 
Coimty of Cumberland yt ye Rectory of iSootle in ye sd County is 
sequestred from Samuell Dud ding (wch ye sd Comtee are hereby 
desired to make) this Comittee will take care for settlinge of a godly 
and able minister in his stead. 5 

Walker does not give him a place in his list. 
was William Dodding of Great Musgrave.^ 

His brother 

1. Vide p. 821. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Vide pp. 1129, 1246. 

4. Al. Ox. 

5. Add. MSS. Brit. Mus. 15670. 

6. Vide p. 1117. 

86o The Ejected of 1662 
William Greene, 1647 . 

His appointment is given in the following ; but unless 
a very brief Incumbency intervened between Samuel 
Dodding and William Green tbe statement about the 
death of the last Incumbent must be an error : — 

May 7. 1647. Ordered that Doctor Aylett or his lawful Deputy, 
are hereby authorized and required upon sight of this Order, to give 
Institution and Induction to Wm. Greene to the Rectory of Bootle 
in the County of Cumberland void by the Death of the late Incumbent 
Salvo jure cujus cunque ; the said Mr. Greene producing his Presenta- 
tion thereunto under the Hand and Seal of William Pennington 
Esquire, the lawful Patron, and taking the National League and 

There was a William Greene at Bath in 1659 \^ and a 
person of that name at Scaleby in 1642;^ but whether the 
same as William Greene of Bootle has not been ascer- 

Thomas Millington, B.A., 1649. 

He was instituted November 22, 1649. Foster gives 
the following under this name : — 

Son of Thomas of Tiberton, Salop, pleb. p.p. Lincoln Coll. matric. 
25 Oct. 1639 aged 15 ; B.A. 20 April 1643 ; perhaps rector of Bootle, 
Cumberland, 1649, vicar of Dray ton-in- Hales 1667 and Rector of 
Adderley, Salop 1674; father of Thomas 1671.4 

The latter matriculated at Pembroke College, Oxford, 
June 3, 1671, at the age of 18 years. Thomas Millington, 
senior, is probably the person whom the Plundered Minis- 
ters' Committee attempted to put at Urswick in Dec, 
1646 (Bodl. MS. 324). He was sequestered from Bootle, 
though Walker does not name him. His Petition for 
restoration to the living, in 1660, is here appended. It 
is exceedingly piteous in its pleading : — - 

1. L.J., vol. ix, p. 182. 

2. Shaw's Hist. Eng. Ch., vol. ii, p. 594. 

3. Vide p. 290. 

4. Al. Ox. 

Bootle 86 1 

To the Right Hoble the House of Lordes 

Now Sitting in Parliament 

The humble peticon of Thomas Millington 

Rector of the parrish Church of Bootle 

in the County of Cumberland in the 

Diocese of Chester. 

Most himibly Sheweth. 

That yor peticoner haveing beene 
legally possessed of the Rectory aforesaid 
hath beene Sequestred and elected for 
many year'es to the utter ingrie of 
himselfe his poore wife and Children 
only for praying for his Matie in publique 
as in duty he ought to doe. 

Therefore yor Peticoner prayeth 
yor Lordships to take compassion 
upon yor Peticoner's sad Condicon 
And to grant forth yor Lops order 
that yor Peticoner may for his present 
maintennce receave and enioy the Fifths of all the profitts 
Ariseing from the said Rectory 
£ind that the other ffower partes 
of the said Leving may bee despose 
of into the hands of the Church 
Wardens and overseers of the 
poore of the said parrish upon 
Accompt untill the 

Intruder bee Elected by Law, • 

And yor Peticoner shall 
■ ever pray &c. 
Thomas Millington 
Rector of Bootle. Expted.' 

There is no witness to this Petition but on the outside 
appears the following : — 

23 Junii 1660 
peticon of Mr. Tho. Millington 

How far the Lords were influenced by this Petition does 
not appear; but in reference to Bootle it would seem to 

1. House of Lords' Library; also H.M.C., Seventh Report, Pt. i, 
p. 107. 

862 The Ejected of 1662 

have failed. Millington was not restored. Nor is there 
any means of ascertaining the name of the " intruder " 
referred to in the Petition unless it be Eiehard Hutton. 
Calamy gives no Ejected Minister for Bootle. If this be 
Foster's Millington he left the County and obtained a 
living elsewhere. William Lampit refers to him in the 
Musgrave Tracts. i 

Richard Hutton, B.D., 1655—1704. 

That he was here in 1655 is clear from the following : — 

ffeby 5. 1655. 



Cumberland Give Mr. Hutton time to pay first fruites 23 April. ^ 

How long he had been here we do not know, and from 
what follows it appears that at the Restoration he took 
every precaution to make his position secure. 

He was ordained Deacon by " John dernest Epon in 
Regno Hiberniae " September 24, 1660, and instituted 
September 25, 1660. He appears to have been reordained 
Deacon by George of Chester September 21, 1662, his 
license to preach being accepted by the Archbishop of 
York, October 16, 1662, and he subscribed the declaration 
July 13, 1664, " Coram Geo. Cestr. Ep." The Histories 
resume their lists at this point and give this name against 
1660. It is usual to suggest a second Richard Hutton as 
following in 1664, instituted on July 13 of that year, on a 
Presentation by the King. Doubtless, however, this is 
one and the same person who received a second institution 
for what reason does not appear. He signs the Registers 
at the bottom of the page containing the 1665 Inirials. 
In a Bond dated April 19, 1665, Richard Hutton, Rector 
of Bootle, and others agree to educate &c. Henry Crake- 
place in Cambridge. In 1672 he sought to obtain the 
living of Aldingham in North Lonsdale. Two letters 

1. Vide p. 619. 

2. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1021. 

Bootle 863 

from his pen in reference to tlie matter are among the 
State Papers in the Record Office. They are addressed to 
Sir Joseph Williamson his " friend and kinsman," whom 
he urges to " be pleased to cast an auspicious eye upon 
me to improve yor interest on my behalfe to the Right 
honourable the Earle of Arlington to obtain his Maiesties 
fiat for a psentation." The first letter is from "Bridekirk 
Sept. 17, 1672," and is endorsed by Williamson — " My 
Cousin Hutton." It states that there are " noe Compe- 
titors for the place but one Mr. ffell the Schoolemaster of 
Sedber who hath made Sr Robert Carr the Chancelor of 
the Dutchy his friende; But I question not but if you 
will be pleased to espouse the business for yor friend & 
Kinsman it will discourage all Competitors." The 
second, written a week later, is appended here in full, 
because of the interesting items it contains : — 

Honoured Sr. 

The Rectory of Aldingham in the County of Lancaster & Diocess of 
Chester being vacant by the death of the Last incumbent there (of 
wich Rectory his most sacred Maiesty is the imediat patron) I took 
the boldness in my last to begg yt favour from you to improove yr 
interest on my behalfe (wich I know is of a great influence) to pcure 
a p'sentation to yt Rectory for me. I have noe other incouragement 
for yt rude Address but yr bounty to all yr friends & relations of 
whom I take it for an honoure to be one : I confess the place is not 
much more Considerable then Bootle where I am the psent Rector; 
onely yt I have been forced for some years by gone, not onely to 
preach but fight against Sacrileg, the Patron of the place invading 
the Church's patrimony & instid of patron will needs becom 
Impropriator; So yt I have very much exhausted much of my estate 
in defending the Chuch's right (wich by the blessing of God & 
Justice of the Reverend Judge I have hitherto done maugre all 
all Sacreligious harpies) So yt being vexed with Lawsuits, I should 
take it as a happiness to spend the remainder of my time in the 
service of God, & my venerable mother the Church of England in 
peace ; & should look upon yt more obscure rurall Cure as a patmos Sr 
if you will be pleased to take notice of yr old friende & poor kinsman 
so as to espoose this Concern on my behalf to pcure a psentation for 
me I shall not only take it as a most high & noble favour but study 
to be gratefull ; I know if the place be not desposed of, yr appeareinge 
for me will silence all Competitors of whom I heare of none but one 
Mr. ffell a Schoolemaster I shall take it as an accumulated favour if 

864 The Ejected of 1662 

you will be pleased to honour me wth a line from you about the 
issue of this affair for if there be any hopes of successe I would 
take a iourney to London to sue out the psentation under the Great 
Seale or imploy a friende at London to doe it for me Thus craving 
pardon for this boldness with the tender of my most humble Service 
I take leave & remaine 

Yor most obedient Servant & 

Richard Hutton. 
Beetle Sept. 23 

1672. ' ffoT Sr. Joseph Williamson Knt at 

White Hall, London. 
23 Sept. 1672. R. 4 Oct. These. 

My Cousin Hutton. d.d.' 

The Petition was not successful and the living was given 
to Michael Stanford of Kendal. ^ 

Richard Hutton appeared and exhibited as Rector at 
the Bishop's Visitation June 30, 1674. He remained at 
Bootle until his death, more than thirty years after this. 

The following relates to the burial of his wife : — 

1677 Mrs. Margaret Hutton, wife of Rich. Rector of Bootle the 
26 day of february. 

He himself died in 1704, though no entry of his burial 
appears in the Registers. In the vestry of the Church, 
however, are three hatchments, one for Richard Hutton 
which reads thus : — 

Richardus Hutton, S-T.B. 

Ecclesiae Botelensis Rector 

Doctissimus Immortalitatem quam • 

Parochianis per Quadraginta 

Annos, tam Moribus quam 

Doctrina sedulo praedicavit 

Ipse tandem consecutus est 

Calend. Jul. A.D, M.D.CCIV. 

Cum vixisset Annos Ixxi. 

He is not to be confused with Richard Hutton, the 
Ejected Minister of Caldbeck.3 

1. S. P. Dom. Car. if, vol. 315, fol. 135. 

2. Vide p. 954. 

3. Vide p. 553. 

Bootle 865 

Henry Holmes, 1704—1729. 

He was instituted August 17, 1704, on a Presentation 
by Eobt. Pennington. A notice of his burial in the 
Registers reads thus : — 

The Rev. Mr. Henry Holmes late Rector of Bootle buried in ye 

Chancell on ye South side of ye altar Xber 24th 1729. 

Possibly he was the son of Henry Holmes of Waberth- 
waite. 1 

Daniel Steele, 1729 — 1764. 

He was instituted on December 24, 1729, and held the 
living until his death on June 3, 1764. 

1. Vide p. 852. 


The Church here, dedicated to St. Mary, is about two 
miles from Whicham, proceeding in a northerly direction 
alongside of Black Combe. The Registers begin in 1597, 
the earliest book being much faded in places. The 
following appears in it : — 

The Register booke of the Christenings Buniales and Marriges in 
the parish of Whitbeck from the yeare of our Lord 1597. 

These Registers are much more full and valuable for 
our purpose than either those of Millom or Whicham. 
The following list of Benefactions appears in them and is 
worth inserting, especially in view of the prominent 
position assigned in it to the Parke family : — 

A blessed Memoriall of the Christian and Charitable Benevolences 
of the godly Benefactors of the Parish of Whitbeck whoee number god 

John Kitching of Whitbeck deceased Anno 1580 Gave to this pish 
XX Marke the use thereof the one halfe to the poore and the other 
halfe to the Church for ever. 

Lawrence parke of Whitbeck Deceased anno 1617 gave to this pish 
ten pounds the use thereof the on halfe to the poore and the other 
halfe to the Church for ever. 

Henry pke of Kendall Alderman there Deceased Anno 1631 Gave to 
this pish ffoure hundred poimds to pious uses [" to an Hospital," 
"house built." Both in later hand]. 

Arthur Myres of Cockermouth Deceased Anno 1634. Gave to this 
pish ten pounds the use thereof to be towards the Mayntenance of a 
Sceole Master to teach the youth of this pish ffor ever. 

Henry Robinson of this Parish gave five poimds towards the 
maintance of a School Master in this pish in the year 1674. 

Henry Parke gave five poundes when he went into the Hospital 
the use thereof to be given to the Poor of the Parish of Whitbeck for 

[There are some other later ones.] 

The list of Incumbents is as follows : — 

Whitbeck 867 

John Davies, 1624—1644. 

Tlie Eegisters give the date of his entrance upon duty 
thus : — 

Memorandum that I John Davies Gierke entered as Curat of this 

parish wth the consent of the procter & parishners the xxvi March 


His wife "Anne" was buried the 10th of March, 1639-40; 
and his own burial entry is as follows : — 

John Davies Curat of Whitbeck was buried the eight day of June 
Anno Dom. 1644. 

Richard Huatson, 1654. 

He was a native of Westmorland and went from 
Sedbergh Grammar School to St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge, in 1604.^ In March, 1645, a statement appears 
in the Registers to the effect that a new Curacy had 
begun, but unfortunately the name is illegible. It may 
have been that of Huatson whose burial entry reads 
thus : — 

Richard Huatson Clark and Viccaa-e of Whitbeck was Buried the 

28th day of June 1654. 

Christopher Fawcett, 1654 — 1661. 

The name is given by none of the Historians ; but 'the 
following from the Registers is decisive : — 

Mr. Chrestopher fawcett did enter to serve this cure the 24 day of 
September 1654. 

Foster has the following, which almost certainly refers 
to him : " S, of Cuthbert, of Widope, Cumbejland, pleb. 
Queen's Coll. matric. 4 Nov., 1631, aged 19; B.A. from 
St. Mary Hall 22 April 1634." 2 
He died in 1661 as the following shows : — 

Mr. Chrestopher ffawcett Minister of Whitbeck was the Nintien 
day of Aprill Buried 1661. 

Lawrence Parke, 1661 — 1673, 

The Parkes were a local family of very considerable 
importance. Closely allied to the Huddlestons, " their 

1. Sedbergh School Register, p. 67. 

2. Al. Ox. 

868 The Ejected of 1662 

residence for several generations," says Hutcliinson, "was 
at an old mansion-house at Whitbeck, now covered with a 
thick grove, in which there is a remarkable rookery." ^ 
Poster gives Lawrence Parke, B.A., from Merton College, 
Oxford, June 30, 1638; and another of the same name as 
B.A. from Queen's College, Feb. 2, 1660-1.2 Doubtless 
both belonged to this family, the latter possibly being the 
"Whitbeck Minister. Foster also has Henry Parke, son of 
John of Kendal, who matriculated Queen's College, March 
10, 1664-5, at the age of 18, graduating B.A. in 1668. 
The Kendal Parkes were evidently a branch of the same 
family. The following Parke entries have been extracted 
from the Registers : — 

Mr. Lawrence Park did enter to serve this cure the 26th day of 
May 1661. 

1664 Clement sonne of Mr. Lawrence Parke of Woodhouses Minister 
borne May the xvth baptized May the xvij. 

Lawrence Parke sonne of Mr. Lawrence Parke was borne the 
Tenth day of October baptized the sextenth day of October ano Dni 

1668 Isabell the wife of Lawrence Park CI. was buried the 27th 
day November 1668. 

1670 Williame Parke Sonne of Mr. Lawrence Parke was Baptized 
26 day. 

Henry the Sonne of Mr. Lawrence Parke was baptized the 
Eleaventh day of July Nat 10th ano Dni 1672. 

Agnes the wife of Mr. Lawrence Parke was buried the fl&fteenth 
day of July Ano Dni 1672. 

Mr. Lawrence Parke the Minister of Whitbecke was Buried the 
twenty ffift day of March in the Yeare of our lord god one thousand 
six hundreth Seaventy three. 

Henry Parke of Kirkby Lonsdale doubtless belonged to 
this family.^ 

William Robinson, 1673/4—1679. 

He was ordained Deacon by John of Chester September 
22, 1672; Priest July 3, 1674; and was licensed to officiate 

1. Hutchinson, vol. i, p. 553, written in 1794. Jefferson (1842) says 
this old mansion is "now occupied as a farm house." (Hist. AUerdale 
above Derwent, p. 118.) 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Vide p. 1010. . 


Whitbeck 869 

in "Capella" there June 30, 1674. He entered upon ''the . 
cure of the parish of Whitbecke on the ffirst of March, 
1673 " ; and appeared and exhibited as " Curate " at the 
Bishop's Visitation June 30, 1674. He died in 1679 and 
was " Buryed the 27th day of July, 1679." His wife died 
a few days later as the following testifies : — 

Mrs. Cateren Robinson was Buried the second of August and was 
wooned in woollen accordinge to Acte of parliament 1679/ 

Lancelott Walker, 1679 — 1705. 

He was ordained Deacon March 12, 1676/7; Priest 
September 21, 1684 ; and entered upon the cure " the first 
day of November 1679." 

John Sawrey, 1705 — 1720. 

He was instituted in 1705 on the removal of Lancelot 
Walker, and was also at Whicham. ^ 

Daniel Steele, 1720—1723. 

He was Schoolmaster at Millom May 9, 1720 ; admitted 
to Whitbeck February 10, 1720/1, on the removal of John 
Sawrey ; was Priest at Thwaites in 1723 ; and subsequently 
at Bootle until 1764. ^ 

William Jackson, 1724—1727. 

He was instituted in 1724 on the removal of Daniel 

Daniel Noble, 1727—1735. 

Entered upon " ye cure of Whitbeck 8br ye 10th 1725." 
So the Registers ; but the Act Book gives 1727 as the date, 
the cause of vacancy being the death of Jackson, 

The following vivid picture of the Parish in 1790 is 
given by Hutchinson : — 

Sixteen poor people six of whom are in the hospital — Ten houses 
fallen to ruin within 20 years — Several uninhabited. 

State of Inhabitants. One clergyman — one deader in spirits — one 
house-carpenter — one miller — twelve yeomen — ^nine farmers — four cot- 
tagers and labourers. 4 

1. Parish Registers. 

2. Vide p. 871. 

3. Vide p. 865. 

4. Hutchinson, vol. i, p. 550. 


In older documents this is " Whitingham als Wickam " ; 
and it is situated about a mile from Silecroft Station at 
the entrance to the Whicham Valley, near Black Combe. 
The. Church is dedicated to St. Mary, and the Registers 
begin in 1569. The earliest volume is small and well 
bound, writing clear and easily deciphered. The follow- 
ing in its title : — 

The Register of the Chrestninges Marriages and burialls in the 

parish of Whicham from the and the yeare of our Lord God 

They present several gaps during the 17th Century. 

The list of Incumbents is as follows : — 

Henry Wailes, 1591. 

He was buried September 17, 1591. 

William Tubman, M.A., 1592—1620. 

He was instituted in February, 1592. The Tubmans 
or Taubmans were a Cumberland family, William, son 
of Eichard of Muncaster Mill, graduating B.A. at Queen's 
College, Oxford, in 1627; and George, son of Richard of 
Tallentire, graduating M.A. of the same University in 
1693.1 The following Tubman entries appear in the 
Registers : — 

1594 The xvij day of November was baptized Isabell Tubman 
daughter of WiUiam Tubman parson of the Rectory of Whicham. 

1601 The xxij day of September was baptized William Tubman son 
of William Tubman parson of the Rectory of Whicham. 

28 May 1628. Susanna Tubman ux. Willm Tubman nup. rectoris 
de Whicham sepulta fuit. 

He held the living until his death in 1620. 

John Tubman, fe.A., 1620—1680. 

He was ordained Priest January 2, 1620, by Theophilus 
of London and was instituted January 12. 1620, on a 
Presentation by Wm. Pennington " de Seaton Ar." the 

1. Al. Ox. 

Whicham 871 

cause of vacancy being the death of William Tubman. 

In the record of marriages kept by William Thomson, 

Justice of the Peace during the Commonwealth, is the 

following : — 

The 15 day of November 1656 was Robert Russell and Mary 
Beebrowne of Whitcham marryed before me at Thomflatt in the 
psence of John Brockbanke ' Willm Troughton & Richard Thomson. 

John Tubman held the living undisturbed through all 
the changes of the Commonwealth and Restoration. He 
subscribed the declaration August 14, 1662, and his license 
was accepted by the Archbishop of York October 16, 1662. 
He appeared and exhibited as Rector at the Bishop's 
Visitation, June 30, 1674. The Registers note his burial 
thus : — 

1680 The iij of August was buriede John Tubman Parson and 
Rector of the Parish of [Whicham]. 

" Mrs. Elizabeth Tubman " was buried January 12, 

Robert Cromptox, B.A., 1680—1720. 

His license as Deacon was accepted by the Archbishop 
of York on September 20, 1663, and he became Priest the 
same day. He was instituted on October 10, 1680, on- a 
Presentation from Miles Pennington, the vacancy having 
been caused by the death of John Tubman. Hutchinson- 
gives 1630 as the date of his Institution, but that is clearly 
a misprint. He was at Corney in 1666,3 and remained at 
Whicham until his death. The Registers record his 
burial on January 13, 1720. 

John Sawrey, 1720 — 1745. 

This is wrongly printed "Lawrey" by Hutchinson. He 
was instituted on January 17, 1720/1 and was previously 
at Whitbeck.* His burial entry reads thus: — 

1745 Buried John Saurey Rector of Which. December 19th. 

1. There was a minister of this name at Beetham in 1664, vide p. 984. 

2. Hutchinson, vol. i, p. 548. 

3. Vide p. 855; vide also Drigg, p. 842. 

4. Vide p. 869. 



This Church, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, lies quite a 
mile and a half away from the town. Its Registers begin 
in 1591. The oldest book is in paper, the edges being 
much worn away. The frail pages, however, are now 
carefully preserved between the leaves of a well bound 
volume. The following appears in it: — 

Register booke for the pish of Millom from the first day of Aprill 

1591 [This I imagine to be correct : the original date is rubbed away] 

Anno Dni by me Chrystofer Askewe Clarke. 

The second volume is in parchment and covers the years 
1637 — 1762. In the Churchwardens' Book are entries as 
early as 1617 and 1623. 

Nicolson and Burn give no assistance in reference to 
the Incumbent list. Hutchinson, Whellan, Jefferson and 
Loftie after naming an early Rector go on to 1661 ; and 
for some reason the Institution Books and Chester Act 
Book are almost silent about Millom, even as are the 
various MSS., so informing about most other places. 
The best effort therefore has only succeeded in producing 
the following imperfect list : — 

Cheistopher Askew, 1591 — 1623. 

How much before 1591 he was here we do not know; 
but, as already intimated, early in that year he began the 
present Registers. The following further entries relate 
to him : — 

November 26. 1591 Chrystofer Askewe viccar of Milloym and 
Elizabeth proude ( ?) were married. 

1593 June 19 Josephe Askewe Sone of Chrystofer Askewe Clarke 
["Bapt" ? worn away]. 

1600 Junii 17 Hugh the Sonne of Mr. Askew Minister. 

Christopher Askew died in 1623, his burial entry 
appearing thus : — 

Burial 1623 Dec. 2. Crestopher Askew viccar of Myllom, Quire. 

Millom 873 


He was instituted December 29, 1623, on a Presentation 
by the " Dnus Cancel Ducatus Lancastriae." For some 
reason a second Presentation was made on November 5, 
1635, by " Eex racone Ducatus " of Lancashire. How 
long he remained we have no means of knowing. 

On January 2, 1640, " Mr. Tubman " buries George 
Barker. Possibly this was the Whicham minister. 

An Inquisition was held at Millom on June 25th, 1656, 
with Guicciardine Ayloff of London as plaintiff and Joseph 
Pennington and Allan Pennington as defendants, the 
matter in dispute being " the Rectory of Milium and land 
in Milium called the 'Hardwick Tithes.' " ^ 

Roger Askew. B.A., 1661. 

He was instituted July 23, 1661, in the presence of 
^rian of Chester, on a Presentation by the King, the 
-vacancy being due to the death of the " last Incumbent."^ 
There does not, therefore, appear to have been any 
•disturbance here at the Restoration. Respecting Roger 
-Askew, Foster says : " S of William of Standingstones, 
Cumberland, pleb. Queen's Coll. matric. 17 Oct. 1634, 
aged 16; B.A. 26 June 1638, vicar of Milium, Cumber- 
land, 1661." 3 

IV-iLLiAM Wells, B.A., 1670/1—1698. 

He was ordained Deacon by John of Chester May 29, 
1670; Priest March 9, 1670/1; subscribed the declaration 
March 22, 1670/1; and was instituted the same day. 
Toster says that he was the son of Thomas Wells of 
Windermere, and was educated at Queen's College, 
Oxford, where he matriculated March 10, 1664-5, at the 
age of 16. He graduated B.A. in 1668.* 

William Wells " Cler." attests the " Bond of Bridgett 
Xerkby of Millom Widow " dated December 18, 1690, in 

1. Ex. Dep. Mich. 32. 

2. The Act Book (Chester Eegistry). 

3. Al. Ox. 

4. Ibid. 

874 The Ejected of 1662 

which she promises " to make a true Inventory of goods of 
the late Wm. Kerkby of Millom her late husband." In 
the Registers occurs the following notice of his tragic 
end : — 

Burialls 1698-9 Janry 6th Janies Both 
Danson of Little Langthwaite drowned 

Janry 7th Mr. William on 

Wells vicar of Millom. Duddooi 


On the east wall of the Chancel a tablet is thus 

inscribed : — 

Near this place lieth interred 
the Body of Mr. Wm WELLS, 
late vicar of Millom. He 
died Jan. ye 4th Anno Dom. 
1698. Etatis suae 50. 

The burial of a daughter, Dorothy, on December 1, 
1686 is noted in the Registers, 

Joseph Taylor, 1699 — 1713. 

He was instituted June 16, 1699, on the same Presenta- 
tion and held the living until his death. His burial entry 
reads thus : — 

1713 Burial May 30 Joseph Taylor Vicar of Millom. 

Thomas Benn, 1713. 

He was instituted August 17, 1713. 

The following in the Registers, written by Askew him- 
self in exceedingly large type, is worth preserving. It 
suggests that he took his position as Parish Clerk with all 
seriousness : — 

James Thomaa Askewe came in to be Clarke June ye 29th 1733. 

Take ye heed watc and Pray — For ye know not when the time is. 

In* the earlier years occur two or three names in the 
Registers to which the word " Clarke " is appended ; but 
there is nothing to suggest that they represent more than 
the Parish Clerk. George Leese is one. He appears 
under date April 7, 1624, and doubtless is the person wha 
writes under January 3, 1623-4, " uxor Leonard Leese the 
first bury by me." 




In older documents Kendal often appears as " Kirkby 
Kendal " ; and the town is still the principal one in 
Westmorland. The Church, dedicated to Holy Trinity, 
is a very ancient foundation, and its Registers begin in 
1558. There are four of these early Register Books as 
follows : — 

Book I, 1558 — 1587. Paper leaves, strongly bound, 

clearly and beautifully written. The hand appears to be 

the same throughout, suggesting that here, as frequently 

elsewhere, some skilled scribe had been employed to copy 

from older documents.^ Though paper is employed, it is 

in perfect condition, and in it appears the following : — 

The Register Booke of all Christenings Weddings and Buryings at 

Kendale Church from ye Twenty first day of March in ye yeare of 

onr Lord 1558 for one whole yeare next ensuing. 

1. "On October 25. 1597," says Mr. Chester Waters, "the clergy of 
"Canterbury m Convocation made a new ordinance respecting registers, 
which was formally approved by the queen under the great seal. It 
commences by noticing their very great utility and lays down minute 
regulations for their preservation, which were afterwards embodied in 
the 70th. canoji of 1603. Every minister at his institution was to 
subscribe to this protestation : — ' I shall keep the register-book according 
"to the queen's majesty's instructions.' Every parish was to provide 
itself with a parchment book, in which the entries from the old paper 
•books were to be fairly and legibly transcribed, each page being 
authenticated by the signature of the minister and churchwardens. 
This parchment was to be kept in a ' sure coffer with three locks, ' — of 
which the minister and each churchwarden was to keep a key ; and, 
for further security against loss, a true copy of the names of all persons 
■christened, married, or buried in the year before was to be transmitted 
•every year to the bishop of the diocese, within a month after Easter, to 
be preserved in the episcopal archives. The oldest register-books now 
■extant are usually transcripts made in pursuance of the injunction of 
1597 or 1603 at the expense of the parish." (Parish Registers in 
England, p. 9.) 

876 The Ejected of 1662 

Book II, 1591 — 1599. A smaller volume, also in paper 
but less firm. The writing is again all in one hand, and 
in places the ink has faded, whilst the paper is worn away. 
The following instructions are inserted : — 

Write all the Chresteninges buryalls and weddinges on one place 
untill all this queyr be spente addinge always att the ende of the 
line, Chrestened, buryed and wedded, Chr. Bur. Marr. and then a 
newe quiayr and do lykewise. 

Book III, 1606 — 1631. A parchment volume in a very 
legible and beautiful hand. Eaten away in places at the 
right hand corner. 

Book lY, 1679 — 1712. A paper volume but again quite 
clearly written. 

All these books are in splendid condition, and Kendal,, 
being the centre of many Parishes, they contain entries 
relating to them. 

It will be noticed that a considerable hiatus appears in 
the Registers, there being no entries for the years 1631 — 
1679, which include the whole of the Commonwealth 
period. Part of this hiatus, however, may be removed 
by the Churchwardens' Accounts, which begin with March 
25th, 1658, and fortunately contain the names of persons 
interred with the amounts paid in each case. The follow- 
ing is the list of Incumbents : — 

Samuel Heron, M.A., D.D., 1591. 

He was instituted Oct. 30, 1591, and was a Fellow of 
Trinity College, Cambridge, being incorporated at Oxford 
as D.D. July 11, 1598. He was Yicar of Trumpington, 
Cambridge, 1588, Kendal 1591, Kirkby Lonsdale 1591, 
Normanton 1594, Chesterton, Cambridge 1595, Enfield, 
Middlesex 1598—1601, Fakenham, Norfolk, 1610, and 
Rector of Tokenham, Wilts., until his death in 1616.^ 

Ralph Tyrer, M.A., B.D., in 1592. 

He was a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge; B.A. 
1576-7; M.A. 1580; incorporated Oxford, 12 July, 1580; 
B.D. 1587; Vicar of Eaton Bray, Beds., 1587, of Chester- 
ton, Co. Cambridge, 1590, whence he removed to Kendal.^ 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Ibid. 

Kendal 877 

He was instituted July 19, 1592. The Registers give the 
baptism of a son in the following terms : — 

Julie 1610. John ye sonne of Mr. Raaphe Tyrer vicar of Kendall 
xiiij die. 

Also his own burial thus : — 

June 1627 Mr. Raulph Tirer vicar of Kendall vj. die. 

Within the Communion rails of the Church is a brass 

plate thus inscribed: — 

OF JVNE ANO. DNI : 1627. 

London bredd me, Westminster fedd me 
Cambridge sped me, my sister wed me. 
Study taught me, Liuing sought me. 
Learning brought me, Kendall caught me. 
Labour pressed me, Sicknes distressed me, 
Death oppressed me, and graue possessed me, 
God first gave me Christ did saue me, 
Earth did crave me, and heauen would have me. 

He had for his Curate William Ingall who was buried 
March 21, 1612-13, being Schoolmaster also.^ 

Francis Gardner, B.D., 1627—1640. 

He was instituted Oct. 19, 1627, on a Presentation by 
the Master, &c., of Trinity College, Cambridge,^ the 
vacancy being due to the death of Ralph Tyrer. 

Henry Hall, B.D., 1640—1644. 

He compounded for his Pirst Fruits in Dec, 1640, and 
resigned his living to Henry Masy about 1644. 

Henry Masy, 1644. 

Along with William Ellison he was appointed Lecturer 
at Kirkby Lonsdale on Aug. 6, 1642, as witness the follow- 

The humble Petition of James Moore Minister, Jeremias Banes, 
and divers others in the Behalf, and at the Request, of many of the 
Parishioners of Kirkby Lonsdale in the County of Westmerland 

I was read : whereupon It was Ordered That this House doth approve 
of and recomend Henry Masy and William Ellison, Two orthodox 

1. Kendal Registers. 

2. Institution Books. 

878 The Ejected of 1662 

Divines to be Lecturers, to preach in the Parish Church of Kirby 
Lonsdale every Market Day in the Year according to the Desire of 
the Petitioners : and Mr. Buchanan, A Scottish Minister, Vicar of 
the said Place, and others whom it may concern are hereby required 
to permit them the said Mr. Masy and Mr. Ellison to preach there 
the said Lecture Days without Interruption.' 

It M'ould appear from the letter to Mrs. Goodwin (vide 
p. 880) that Masy was already resident in Kendal. In 
February, 1644-5, he states that he had obtained 
election to the Vicarage of Kendal by the Fellows of 
Trinity College, Cambridge, but that owing to the fact 
that the Fellows numbered less than 16 the election was 
not valid, and he urges Lord Wharton to perfect this 
matter. On the 14th of November, 1646, he received 
Institution, and he appears in the Westmorland Certifi- 
cate for 1646 as Minister of Kendal. ^ The following 
documents refer to his Aiigmentation : — 
Kendall. 22 Aprill 1646. 

Resolved yt ye yearely sume of 20li bee payd out of ye revenues 
of ye Deane and Chapter of Durisme to and for increase of ye 
maintenance of Mr Massye Minister of Kendall his psent maintenance 
being but 501i p aim and yt it bee &c. 3 

Northumberland [should be Westmorland]. 
Kendall. [No date but think it must be about 1650.] 

Whereas this Comtee have the 22d of April 1646 graunted ffifty 
pounds a yeare out of the Revenue of the Deane & Chaptr of Durham 
for increase of the maintennce of Mr. Massey Ministr of the parish 
Church of Kendall in the County of Westmerland [Northumberland 
erased] of wch there is in arreare unto the said Mr. Massey after the 
. rate of ffifty pounds a yeare the Sume of thirty eight pounds eighteen 
shillings from the 25 of March 1649 till the 6th of January last It 
is ordered that the Trustees for Sale of Deane & Chaptr Lands doe 
and they are desered to issue theire Warrants to the Trears for Sale 
of Deane & Chapter Lands to pay unto the said Mr. Massey or unto 
Mr Richaxd Massey [Marshall] to his use the said Sume of thirty 
eight poundes eighteene shillings due as aforesaid.* 

The sum of £38 18 is named by Dr. Shaw as being 
voted from the proceeds of the sale of the Dean and 

1. C.J., vol. ii, p. 707. James Moore was possibly Lecturer at 
Muggleswick, Durham, in Feb., 1641-2. 

2. Vide p. 109. 

8. Bodl. MS., 322. 
- 4. Ibid., 327. 



Chapter Lands to " Richard Marshall for the use of Mr. 
Massey, Minister of Kendal, Co. Westmorland, 9 months 
and 11 days to January 5, 1649-50." ^ 

Henry Masy had the advantage of Lord Wharton's 
friendship, and among the Rawlinson MSS. has been 
found a series of Letters from his pen to the noble Lord. 
They are remarkable, alike for their number, their length, 
their character, and their writing. They are extremely 
difficult to decipher. The lines are close together, the 
writing is cramped, the characters are exceedingly minute 
and almost formless ; but they have been well worth the 
labour of transcription. They are concerned with the 
critical years — 1642 to 1648 — of the Parliamentary 
struggle, and give a very vivid picture of the unsettled 
condition of Kendal and neighbourhood. Henry Masy 
was evidently a rigid Presbyterian; and, like Baillie, his 
constant regret was that the full Presbyterian system was 
not in operation. The question may well be asked if he 
and his friend and neighbour, William Cole, were not 
responsible for the Westmorland Certificate referred to 
elsewhere ; ^ and the one thing made clear by the Letters 
is that the arrangements sketched in that Certificate were 
purely paper ones, and that Presbyterianism never had 
the shadow of a chance either in Westmorland or Cumber- 
land. His own description of the religious condition of 
his County is that it was " rotten," because the " honest 
party " had so little influence and following in it. He 
was a consummate flatterer and considerable beggar; and 
Lord Wharton gives evijience, at times, of regarding his 
friendship as a somewhat doubtful privilege. Lord 
Wharton's leanings toward Independency appear to have 
greatly alarmed his correspondent, and his Letters expres- 
sing his suspicions in relation to this matter are particu- 
larly interesting. The Letters are given verbatim, 
except for one or two words which baffled every attempt 
to decipher them. The grammar is by no means faultless, 
and owing to the almost entire lack of punctuation the 

1. Hist. Eng. Ch., vol. ii, p. 546. 

2. Vide p. 108. 

88o The Ejected of 1662 

sense in places is obscured ; but generally the idea of the 
writer can be discovered. They are all from the Rawlin- 
8on MSS. Letters, 52: — 


Much Honoured Mris. Goodwine 

Evr since I sawe the Ordinance of Parliament for raiseing moniea 
& strength for ther owne Defence & p'sent peace in or Kingdome I 
have beene Dealeing wth some of my friends, able men, & such as I 
knowe ar truely welwishrs to the pliament, to send monie to & for 
the purpose of peace ajnd safety of the pliament, as we here [hear} 
many have donne in & aboute London. I have used all the arg : 
[uments] I could thinke of wn [when] sheweing them the example 
of the South pt€ [partie], but all in vayne, the gentry of or Westmr- 
land & or Clergy genrally have base thoughts and words of the 
Worthies in pliament wch I prsume is one cause of the backwardnes 
of some able & otherwise honest men ; & seeing it is so here with us 
I have thought wth my poore self e what to do in this pticular ; & 
that is this : a;boute this tyme two yeares I made bold to send a 
truncke to yor house at Winchenton, where yet it is, in that triincke 
therein in silver and gold 16011 wth some plate, linen diaper & other 
clothes. I am bold at this prsent to entreate you to send for that 
truncke to yor lodging in London, and you would be pleased to 
breake open the truncke (I canot send the key) & take the 601i & 
send it to the place in London where the monie (by ordr of pliament) 
is receaved, or if you thinke fitt let the lOOli be sent & imployed 
that way, one of these Somes I willingly & truly (as any one in this 
kingdome) sende for the service of pliament for I knowe it tends to 
the peace & welfare of the whole kingdome what is left in the 
truncke I desire you that you gett it lockt & kept fast corded for 
my use in safety till the land shall afford bettr tymes, & whatsoevr 
you shall disburse for carriage of the truncke or any way els aboute 
the casting in of my mite in the pliapient (gods) treasure I desire 
you pay yor selfe out of my monies I knowe the only ayme of 
pliament is the safety of or king & themselves the priviledges of 
pliament. the peace of kingdome, & that wch is above all, the con- 
tinuance of the Gospell & religion in the purity thereof the lord 
blesse & psper there endeavours & recompense them according to the 
kindenes they have done & intend to do for us : I desire you thinke 
it not strange that I a poore ministr should desire to add a drop of 
water to the ocean We should be exemplary to othrs of all good 
but it is not to be expected in these Northerne ptes nor (as I here) 
in or Univsities but rathr the contrary, yet (though I am late) I 
desire to sacrifice one of the formr somes mentioned (whether yor 
Worp please) to the service of the Honble & evr honoured pliament. 


Our country speceally the gentry (but they ar most papists and 
popishly affected) & the Cleargy (who are litl bettr) talkes light of 
the pliament, espeacally of the most worthy ones, such as I prsume- 
they know not but by fame, & it is that wch will be noted truely 
famous as longe as the sun shine in the heaven when they themselves 
shall everlastingly shine in the highest heavens. I had thought to 
have written to the thrice Noble Lord Wharton who is highly 
renowned amonge all good men but I am loath to trouble his Lorp 
in the midst of his multitude of publique imployments, & I suppose 
it may be bettr soUicited by yor selfe, then by my lettr : this is the 
busynes I prsume that Noble Lord hath (at Hela Manour neere Yorke), 
much cattell, sheepe, & goods wthout, and padventure much plat© 
& othr rich stuff wthin doore : now I wish amongst his publike & 
greate affayres of state, he would not forgett his owne private, I 
hope he doth not, but if yet nothing be done, that way you may take 
some fitt opportunity to mynd his Lorp of removeall of his goods, 
both wthin & wthout his house so neare York, for if tymes growe on, 
& he goe on (of wch I doubt not) in his peace resolutions & publicke 
good endeavours he being so eminent a Noble, must expect ransacking 
& the pillaging of what is moneable : Thus craveing pdon for my 
boldnes & praying for a happy union betweene the king & pliament. 
wth my service recom ended to yor selfe & right worthy Mre Good wine 
much spoken of in or county, wth the Noble Lady yor daughtr I rest 

Yours to be comanded in 

the L. Jesus 

Kendall this 1st of August 

[The letter is endorsed thus :] 
1. Aug. 1642 
Mr Masy to my mother 
Goodwin to putt in money 
given & his propositions. 

Henrie Masy. 

Right Honble 

I have lately receaved two letters from yor Lorp in both I 
undrstand yor Lorps fathrly care & confidence in furthering my 
busynes of Kendall vicaradge. I humbly thanke yor Lorp & in those 
letters yor Lorp wrote concerneinge my monies imployed for publike 
service & what yor Lord layd in that way & concerneinge attention 
of an acquittance if I disliked the layinge in of 301i beyond the 50li. 
I have formrly certifyed yor Lorp that what is done by yor Lorp is 
very well pleasing to me & whatsoevr yor Lorp shall please to do 
. wth anything that is mine, it shall be very pleasinge & content to m© 
wthout any trouble to yor Lorp to alter anything what is done doe 
what yor Lorp shall thinke fitt to be done wth any monies of myne left : 
at the very begininge of these contenstions. J sent to Worthy Mris. 

!82 The Ejected of 1662 

Goodwin (who had my truncke at Winchenton house & carryed it to 
London wth her owne) that she would be pleased to open that truncke 
& imploy ethr 601i or lOOli for service of pliament & I undrstood 
she cast in 601i into the treasury at that tyme & since from Scotland 
I wrote by Mr Marshall that more should be imploy ed to the same 
purpose, & by yor Lorps lettr I p'ceave it is done accordeing to my 
desire ; & yet there is in the truncke (beside the 201i in monies) some 
plate & diapers & sheetes wch are worth monie & othr comodities the 
pticulars ar in a note in the truncke, I am bold to mention these 
reserves in the truncke that if yor Lorp please to imploy all the 
Teliques in the truncke it shall please me, & I shall thanke god that 
I had a mite to cast into this treasury. Concearneing my Kendall 
busyness I undrstand by a lettr from Mr Strickland that I am elected 
(by the fellowes of Trinity Coll.) vicar of Kendall & that it is 
■certifyed (to whom he wrote not) undr the hand of the Coll : register 
but no prsentation could be for that ther were not the numbr of 16 
fellowes to seale wch numbr (it seemes) is required by Statutes of 
that Coll : Since yor Lorps speaciall care hath led the busynes thus 
far on to election I desire yor Lorp that yor Lorp carry it on to 
p'fection. I do confesse 1 doubte not of yor Lorps love & care of me 
haveing had so many expiments of it in formr favours & now in this 
pticular yet lest the multiplicity of so many negotiations of greatest 
concearnement at this tyme lying on yor Lorps shouldors should wipe 
the petite busynes out of memory I am bold to re-soUicite yor Lorps 
favour to further & finish my busynes wth the Coll : for newes here 
we have none, Carlile holds out and so doth Skipton, Scarborough, 
and Pomfreth in Yorkeshire Greenoe Castle in Lancashire & Latheme 
house gathrs strength, we hope to have gladsome tydings of Sr. Will : 
Breereton's p'ceedeings in Cheshire & agaynst Chestr citty (the Lord 
graunte it) Mr. Benson or [our] worthy maior is vry vigilant the Lanca- 
shire comandrs we here have sett a guard on Mr. Hudlston of Millome 
Castle though he had a furlouge from the pliament comandrs to passe 
home, they & we here [hear] that he hath (since he got his furlouge) 
beene at Oxford & is knighted by the Kinge, its likely for some 
service he may do that way, & thereupon Lancashire comandrs 
(hereing of his being at Oxford & of Prince Henrie his comeinge 
to Shrwesbury) least he might make some stirre in the country have 
an eye on him, for he is a dangrous gentleman & that country & ors 
also, by reason of disaffection t<o the cause are rotten & by reason of 
the p'sent deepe cessements on all & sequestrations of some, the 
countries some ioyne wth any for freedome wthout consideration of 
future thraldome & misery : I am lothe to acquaynte yor Lorp wth 
this of Mr Hudleston but in case any complaynte or petition come to 
the Hoble house in behalfe of him that the house be pleased to comend 
Lanchashire gentlemen rather then blame them, for their care & 
service seeinge they knowe the state of those Countries and disposi- 



tions of men here better then any. These wth my thankefuU respects 
& service to yor Lorp wth my prayr allwayse for yor Lorp & blessing; 
on yor important imployment for peace & truth 

I rest© 

Yor Lorps to be comanded 
in the Lord Jesus 

Henrie : Masy 
Kendall the 17th of ttebr. 
To the Right Honrble Lord 
Wharton at his House 
Clarkenwell these 
[Endorsed on the outside :] 
17 Feb. 1644 
Mr. Masy to mee 

about his money loaning the 20li remaynder 
to my desposing and acknowledging 
the 80li payd 

about Kendal 

about Mr. Huddlestoai of Milham. 

Right Honourable 

This day I receaved yor Lorps lettr wch much refreshed my 
droopeing Spirits, to here of yor Lorps health, & my happynes in 
yor many Noble & undeserved favours both to my self e & my Sonne ; 
about a moneth since I returned from Edenburgh towards Kendall,, 
in my ioumey homeward (at Penrith) I found our worthy Comissionrs 
Sr Will : Ermine Mr Barowis & Mr Phenoak to whom I was 
exceed eing welcome, & I waited on them there 6 or 7 dayes, I pceaved 
that (besides there owne welcome & pious despositions) yor Lorp had 
prpossed them conceameing my poore selfe & written to purpose in 
my behalfe, for Sr Will Ermine (whiles I was wth them) read a pte 
of a lettr from yor Lorp wherein he was entreated by yor Lorp to 
take speaciall care of me when I should repaire unto him, & this 
Day he told me how yor Lorp is evr myndfuU of me yor Gratious; 
lettr to my selfe assures me of yor fathrly (its more then friendly) 
care of me & myne, and that to my greate comfort in the comfortable 
tyme : I can but admire Gods greate goodnes & I desire to be truely 
thankefuU to him & to yor Lorp, my prayers shall ascend to him, 
and my prayers (for I knowe yor humble & truely Noble disposition) 
to him for yor Lorp & yors. When I came to Kendall we had not 
peace above six dayes Colonell Grey came thither wth 180 horse or 
thereabouts & gott the towne took divrs prisonrs. I blesse god I 
escaped there cruelty they sought & searched for me but the Lord 
prvented them & sent me away at foure of clocke in morninge being 

S84 The Ejected of 1662 

by a friend roused out of sleepe, otherwise they had taken me in 
bed, my good friend that awakened me & helped me out of towne 
was himselfe taken : it is one Mr Benson & newly chosen Maior of 
Kendall, an honest & godly man, the enemie discharged some they 
had taken & carried away only Mr Benson & one Captayne Gamett 
& they ar prisoners at Skipton whither the ememie retreated, there 
is hopes of deliverance by way of exchange for some at Lancastr 
Castle : the enemie entred the towne wthout any resistance, the truth 
is or towne & the Barronry for most pt ar rotten : the e.nemie 
plundred not much only some honest men suffred that way (espeacially 
an honest friend of myne 4 myles from or towne furnishing me wth 
an house to escape cruelty) suffred vry much for his poore & weake 
estate, because he was my friend : the Aldrmen of or towne 
compounded wth Colonell Grey & gave him lOOli so he depted the 
towne, but is as ready (& its much to be feared) to returne as to 
come formrly for two or three dayes before his comeing two companies 
of the country Souldiers (wch usually keept garrison in Kendall) were 
disbanded & the enemie could not want some to give intelligence, for 
twenty at least of Kendall men were wth the enemie & waited on 
them & directed them to the passable places & fittest entrance into 
the towne : the Skiptoners do but hearken for another disbanding & 
its vry likely to be for the Country beginge to refuse to ly in 
provisions & ther Comandrs ar some of them just younge men, if they 
prove sound it wilbe the bettrj so that or towne & country is yet in 
a vry despate [desperate] condition that honest men take occasion to 
ride here and there to be out of towne & this is my case at this 
prsent for I tooke occasion to come to Newe Castle to the Comissionrs 
where now I am, & I fynd much kinde respect from them ; too 
morrow (god willing) I take horse toward Kendall & according as I 
here or se I shall goe and come, till it shall please god to give me 
setlement in peace & truth, ffor all yor Lorps Noble favours I 
himably thank you myne earnest prayers for yor Lorp & right Noble 
Lady wth Mris Goodwine I am right glad to here of her health & 
for my trunke (when I shall se London) I doubt not, in meane while 
& evr. I desire blessing on yor Lorps greate & weighty imployment, 
"so prayeth 

yor Lorps devoted servant 

Henrie Masy 
Newe Castle the 14 of 

Novembr 1644. 
[There is no Endorsement to this visible.] 

Right Honourable 

I am bold to trouble yor Lorp wth these fewe lines wherein I desire 
to certify yor Lorp wth the state of or Country Westmorland & what 
I here of Cumbrland : we here from the seiage of Carlile that the 
Citty is streaytly beleagured by the Scots & Cumbrland men, yet not 



wthstanding the care of some, others do suffr pvision to be conveyed 
into that Cittie, & some (& they violent malignants) by (pt€ctiGn) 
comes out of Carlile : Sr Timothy Ffetherstonhaugh was one who 
aboute fortnight since came forth thence uppon paroUe, & like them 
of that side (nothing careing for pmisse) is as we here gone to the 
Xinge wch may pduce no good to these Northerne countries. Since 
that on friday last Sr Phillip Musgrave was pmitted (on what 
termes I knowe not) come to his house at Eadnell, & on Satturday 
last ther was a messenger sent from him to or towne of Kendall to 
buy Salt and spoones, mystard & Garlike onions & aples, & other such 
like comodities but the more pbable busynes was to be a Spie & 
bringe lettrs hither some lettrs were discovered, but to litle purpose to 
attatch any man, the men to whom they were sent gave some suspition 
of some plot, or [our] honest Mr. Maior Gervase Benson (lately prisonr 
at Skipton but since redeemed blessed be god) is this day gone to 
Applbie to sounde the depth of this mattr & so onward to Penreth 
to pay the Scotch army for Westmlahd : it is thought vry strange (by 
all the rightly affected people in or country, & it doth much grieve 
them) that any pvision of victualls should bee suffred to be imported 
into Carlile, and that any Malignants should be pmitted such liberty 
as the gentlemen above mentioned. I leave all to yor Lorps con- 
sidration, but this I must adde to the prmisses, if Sr Phillip Musgrave 
should gett any to assist him, or Country were all undone & ruined, 
for or towne & country is vry rotten, & never were we in greatr dangr 
then at this prsent for Knaresburg Castle (we here) is reduced & all 
of that Castle ar come to Skipton, & no way can they goe but into 
Westmland. We want Deputie Lieutenants undr yor Lorp & whom 
yor Lorp can nominate I knew not let Mr Eichard Branthwaite yor 
servant direct in this pticular. or [our} Comandrs in the Baronry ar all 
younge men, in yor Lorps Country at Applbie & that side they ar 
active, the Lord in mercy looke on us, we at Kendall ar in dangr 
dayly of enemies : I am psuaded were there but one Nobl Spirit as 
yor Lorp in these pts (& why may not yor Lorp come a day or twro) 
the countrie would soone be reduced to conformity to Kinge & 
pliament. I dare not say yor Lorp must come downe, but if the 
Honble pliament thinke it fitt, we here, knowe (by gods blessing) 
that it might prove a Create blessing to these countries. I humbly 
desire yor Lorps pdon comending my service to yor Lorp & yor Horble 
Lady wth Worthy Mris Goodwine & Sr Eowland Sansford wth my 
prayrs for you all & all care of the Church 

Kendall the 10th 

Decemb 1644 I rest 

Yor Lorp to be comanded 
{Endorsed :] Henrie Masy 

, 10th Dec. 1644. 
Mr. Masy to mee. 

886 The Ejected of 1662 

The following is a fragment and in the volume con- 
taining the Letters it follows the one just given : — 

Pleased, & the lord blesse it : Eight Noble Lorp, at yor Lorps 
being last at Applby Colonell Benson desired (& yor Lorp tooke a 
memorandu of it) that yor Lorp would be pleased to advise him & 
further him for his settlement in authority for Pbate of Wills, that 
shalbe in Westmerland & Cumbrland & in the Archdeaconry of 
Richmond, his formr imployment & facultie lies that way, he is (but 
I hope I shall not neede arg : ) a deserveing man, his losses (since 
these troubles) have beene greate, his Suffrings imprisonmeaits greate, 
his paynes & pills [perills], undrtaken for the publike vry greate & 
his willingnes dayly greatr then all, & it will be but reasonable that 
he should be reflected on wth the Parliaments tendrly and affectionate 
care, for his encouragement & iust reward. If yor Lorp please to 
give leave, I should desire yor Lorps Noble favour and tymely 
furtherance of him in this busynes & amonge yor greate & waighty 
imployments I do earnestly desire yor Lorp to take notice of this 
wch though it seems pticulax, yet it is for genall good of these 
Countries, & more fitt it is that honest pious Deserveing men should 
be imployed to negotiate such busynes then that it should fall agayne 
into corrupt hands. I thinke Colonell 15enso(n> will himselfe (shortly) 
waite on yor Lorp in London. Soone after yor Lorp pteing [parting]" 
towards London I made bold to write concearneing Mr Clifford at 
Acton & a lettr to him to the same purpose, & in case he should be 
unwilling to come Northward, then I nominated (in my lettr to yor 
Lorp) another man a Sonne of myne who is fitt evry way for such a 
place but seing I since heard not from yor Lorp I suppose yor Lorp 
will not dispose of it as yet & god willing as soone Eis wayes be safe 
& weathr seasonable I shall waite on yor Lorp aboute that busyness 
eyther for Clifford or my sonne, by whom god may have most glory, 
yor Lorp comfort & most content for I knowe how the case stands. I 
hope yor Lorp will remembr when occasion shalbe to gett an addition 
of lOOli p annm at least for me at Kendall. The Lord be blessead for 
all the greate things he hath done for me, my prayers for yor Lorp & 
right Noble Lady, wth all yors & my service recomended to yor Lorp 
I shall rest one of 

Yor Lorps most faythfull in the Lord Jesus 
Henrie Masy 
Kendall the 5th of Jan. 

Right Honble Lord. I do (in the behalf of many honest Christians)- 
desire yor Lorp to direct me whether any & what course may b& 
taken wth ministrs in or County & some others that refuse the 
Nationall Covenant most of the Ministrs in yor Lorps side of 

Kendal 887 

Westmland and some wth us refuse it they insult & vapour exceedingly 
keepeing the country ther owne malignant disposition, and fynd as 
much (if not more) favour then ther honestly affected neighbours, 
& this it is also in Combrland. I earnestly desire yor Lorp that the 
pliament take ordrs in this pticular. 

[Endorsed :] 

Mr. Masy to mee 15th Janu. 1645. [Note discrepancy in date.] 
about himselfe — addition for lOOli 
his Sonne for Kerby 
Coll : Benson : . 

Right Honble 

On Monday last 1 made bold to trouble yor Lorp wth a large lettr 
wch I hope is (or by this tyme) come to yor Lorps hands in wch I 
wrote divrs pticulars : the passages of the Knightes (for pliament) in 
or [our] Westmrland of that busynes this bearer CoUonel Benson can 
more at large give accounte I wrote of Mr Clifford ministr at Acton 
conceameing the place yor Lorp wotte of & if he should refuse it, 
that I might be bold to comend a sonne of myne wch I should not 
dare to do wthout assurance of Gods glory, yor Lorps honour and 
content evry way, but the speaciall busynes that then (for prsent) I 
entreated yor Lorp was concearning Colonell Benson to desire yor 
Lorps favour and furthance of him and his honest and lawefull desires 
of wch he can bettr acquaynte yor Lorp by speakeinge then I by 
writeinge all for prsent earnestly I desire yor Lorp to direct & pper 
[prosper] his endeavours : bettr it is that such a busynes should be 
carefully putt into honest mens hands. I knowe yor Lorp is suffi- 
ciently possessed of his reality evry way of his suffrings, losses & 
activenes for the pliament cause, I should not trouble yor Lorp (at 
this tyme) more then this that yor Lorp (seeinge he is purposely come 
to London to waite on yor Lorp for effecting this busynes) would be 
pleased to take it to heart & into yor hands for pfecting it I psume 
yor Lorp can do it & that yor Lorp will do what you can. I shall 
sett this yor Noble favour done to him & for him on the file of 
many done to me & for myne unworthy selfe & shall evr desire to be 
thankefuU & to pray for yor Lorp & Noble Lady wth all yors & 
rest one of 

Kendall the 10th of Jan. Yor Lorps most faithfull aervanta 

1645. in Christ 

Henry Masy 

I desire yor Lorp to signify (in two words) when I shall waite on 
yor Lorp in London. I desire to do it, for some speaciall busynes I 

The Ejected of 1662 

have to do, or rathr yor Lorp to do for me & I would willingly come 
opportunely & wrote of it lately. 

[Endorsed :] 

Mr. Masy. 

10 June 1645 [Note discrepancy in month] 

To the right Honble Lord Wharton 

at his house in Clarkenwell 

these d.d. 

in London. 

Eight Honourable 

Or County of Westmrland is dayly anoyed by the Skeptoners, very 
lately on Satturday Morning last six of or [our] friends were taken by 
them & carried prisoners to Skepton, the whole Country is in vry 
greate danger to be uttrly lost, if any enemie should but entr, the 
Country souldiers are ready to ioyne wth them they ar growne so 
much disaffected that honest men ar in dangr of ther neighbours the 
capteyne & superiour officers may comand but vry fewe or none will 
obey : or country (as I indeede weis evr afeared) since ther opposeing 
the Scots & the Scots requiteall of them, do openly declare themselves 
& spare not to vente ther formrly concealed rebellion wishing for the 
Skeptoners and others wch all good men accounte enemies, the towne 
of Kendall & the Country ar alike rotten, & fewe they be that 
considr the maladie of or country, & howe neer it is to be lost & uttrly 
swallowed up of enemies : Mr Benson or worthy maior of Kendall & 
my selfe, seeing the dangrous & tottringe estate of or country on 
Wednesday last came to Yorke, and addressed or selves & psented or 
country dangrs to the Ld Ffairfax & rest of the Commiasionrs who 
wished us to sett downe in writeing what meanes we conceave best 
for pventing future dangrs & reduceing or Country, for genally it is 
all out of frame, and this writeing beinge prsented to them this 
mourneinge the Comissionrs vry nobly answred to evry pticular. The 
first thing considred for prsent safety was that Colonell Wren wth 
his 2 or 3 hundred horse (being at psent in Barronry) might be 
ordered to continue there for Defence & safety of or county till some 
other helpe may be supplyed & raysed in or Country to his assistance. 
Secondly it was desired that a troope of Dragones might be raysed in 
the Barronry & a troope of horse already listed undr Colonel Belling- 
ham. Thirdly that an honest experienced souldier might be sent by 
the Comissionrs into the Barronry to be Comandr m Chiefe ovr the 
forces that shalbe then raysed, for Colonel Bellingham hath layd 
downe his Comission, the country beinge growne so refractory, that 
none can prvayle wth them unlesse some strangr do it. AH the 
pmissed pticulars the Comissionrs thought necessary to be graunted 
us. The lord give the blessinge I thought it not amisse to acquaynte 

Kendal 889 

yor Lorp wth the psent state of or Barronry & indeede that pt of 
the County wch we call Westmland is in vry little or no bettr posture 
then we ar the souldiers for most pte do rathr comand then obey 
comands we desire yor Lorps consayle & prayers : the lord looke in 
mercy on his afflicted Sion. 

I crave yor Lorps pdon & shall evr rest 
yor Lorps faythfull Servant in the 
L Jesus 

Henrie Masy 

Yorke the 13th of June 

[Endorsed :] 

13 June 

Mr Masy to mee 

1. of condition of Westmerland 

2. of a Comandr in chiefe. 

Bight Honorable 

Tho two Mr. Coles are lately come from London & I do (in there 
behalfe) returne yor Lorp hearty thanks for yor Noble favours towards 
them & we have all greate cause to blesse god for rayseing up such 
Honrable Patriohates of honest men. I vry lately sent yor Lorp a 
note inclosed in a lettr cooiceameing the base carriage of a ministr 
here in these pts according to direction of Sr Will Ermine & rest of 
Commissionrs at ther last beinge wth me in the Country : the speeches 
& actions of the minstr ar proved by oath of two sufficient witnesses 
before or Comittee at Kendall. I have the deposition wth the hands 
of or Comittee subscribed & shall send all to yor Lorp if it please yor 
Lorp to give me the best intimation, for I assure yor Lorp if course 
be not taken wth such ministrs we can expect little hopes of welfare 
of Church or Commonweale. Concearneing addition to my poore 
meanes at Kendall, I did according to yor Lorps Directions send, that 
the B. of Chester wch was or [our] Diocesan hath no lands nor rents 
wthin Westmerland & therefore I desired yor Lorp to considr of some 
othr way, as Durham Winchester & but I must not limitte yor Lorp 
concearneing yor Kyrby Stephen I made bold to write that (god 
willing) I shall shortly waite on yor Lorp & shall then be glad to help 
on that desposall as shalbe glory to god, comfort to his Church & best 
content to yor Lorp. I promised yor Lorp a charre pie but the longs 
frost closed up Windrmer Water untill vry late & nowe have begune 
the busynes, two charre pies will be ready this weeke, & then I f eare 
I shall wante carrier, yor Lorp shall receave them (god willing) wth 
the first opportunity. Yor Lorp may boast of yor expectations & 


The Ejected of 1662 

god willing I shall not fayle. thus with my prayrs for yor Lorp 
furtherance of all yor Honrable imployment 
I rest 
Yor Lorps humble Servant in Christ Jesus 
Kendall the 12th of ffebr 

[Endorsed] 12 Ffeb 1645 
Mr. Masy to mee 

Hen];ie Masy 

To the Right Honable 
Lord Wharton at 
his house Clarkenwell 
or his Lodgeings 


Right Honrable 

Col. Benson returned home to Kendal Wednesday last, he reports 
of yor Lorps favour towards him & greate paynes yor Lorp take for 
effecting his desires in his busynes. he is vry thankefuU & so am I 
his friend to God in rayssing up yor Lorp for the many Noble favours 
you did for him & I prsume he shall evr testyfy it in any service (to 
his powr) that yor Lorp shall comand. I am intreated by two 
speaciall friends to the cause to write to yor Lorp in ther behalfe. I 
make bold to do it knoweing yor Lorps readynes & noble disposition 
to here & help honest men, in any lawfuU & faiseable mattr. First 
one Mr. Jackson ministr of Whittingham neare Kyrby Lonsdall, a vry 
pious & honest able man haveing heretofore entred bond as surety 
wth a popish recusant (I psume it was wth hopes to gayne him to or 
Church) principall for the sume of lOOli, this was donne before these 
troubles, & the popish gentleman proveing a Delinquent all his lands & 
meanes beinge sequestred, is utterly disabled to satisfy that debt, 
whereuppon honest Mr. Jackson is like to beare the burden, but I 
feare it will breake his backe & the creditours (now tyme begineing to 
be open (?) in Lancashire where Mr. Jackson lives that suites may be 
tryed) doth labour to pursue ^Ir. Jackson & recovr his lOOli of him 
wch indeed is easyly done for the bond is cleere. Yet if lawe pceede 
agaynst Mr. Jackson & compell him to pay it as it will do, he will "be 
undone, and not able to subsist haveing wife & many children, 
14 children he hath & the 15th (is by this tyme borne for every houre 
his wife lookes for it) this is this honest ministrs desire & I earnestly 
desire the same, that yor Lorp be pleased to advise his friend (that 
will repaire to yor Lorp) what course may be taken that Mr. Jackson 
may have satisfaction, if any be to be had out of the delinquents 
estate of lands or woods, or any way whereby himselfe & the publike 
be not priudiced, we leave it to yor Lorps wisdome, & information 
of any that shall be imployed to come to yor Lorp. I am sure if yor 

Kendal 891 

Lorp can help him you shall not neede repent of it he is so honest a 
ministr. My other friend is Capteyne Rippon of Lancastr, I assure 
yor Lorp he is a vry deserveing man and hath done vry valliantly in 
this service it seemes, tho it is arreares behynde. I desire yor Lorp 
to direct him and helpe him, himselfe can best informe yor Lorp the 
case how it stands, & what he shall relate to yor Lorp conceameing 
his desires yor Lorp may credite him for he is godly & honest & such 
men deserve to be respected & encouraged thus hopeing yor Lorps 
favours will further him & finish his busynes I hmnbly desire pdon 
for my boldnes wth my continuall prayrs for yor Lorp I rest 
Yor most faythfull servant in the Lord Jesus 
Henrie Masy 
Kendall the 28th of ffebr 

[Endorsement cannot be seen except :] 

about Capt Rippon 

Mr. Jackson a minister. 

Bight Honrable 

Yor Lorp wished me to take notice what lands or rents ar in 
Westmrland beloaigeing to the Bisp of Chester. I have formrly 
certifyed yor Lorp ther ar none, & therefore if yor Lorp please to 
pcure any addition of meanes to my poore Vicaradge of Kendall, I 
desire j'or Lorp (I am resolved of yor Noble favours) that you thinke 
of Durham or any othr bysh [Bishop] estates for this purpose. 
Colonell Benson at his returne, putt me in mynde of anothr way ; 
the Earle of Worcester & the Lord Herbert now Earle of Glamorgan 
(Worcestrs Sonne) have land in Kendall parke, neere or towne to the 
value of lOOli or sixcore pounds p annu that is undr Sequestration 
(yor Lorp knowes what there conditions ar) & likely to be (by the 
pliament) disposed of wch if yor Lorp shall add to my income I shall 
take as a greate blessing from god & yor Lorp & shall endeavour to be 
really thankefull. beggars must not be choosers therefore I submitt & 
leave all to yor Lorps disposall, whether here or there, so it be done, 
I had almost sayd it must be done. I desire yor Lorp let me be bold 
to say something conceameing ye Kirby Stephen. When I was in 
London last time (since yor Lorp being in or Country) I pceaved yor 
Lorp enclined (if no more) to independent side. I confesse the 
inclination is towards many godly & worthy mens opinions, if ther 
opinions do terminate in what is knowne at psent, if discipline were all 
they stand on it were no greate mattr, but I feare (I have reade some 
thing that ther doctrine wch now is orthodoxey & they declare nones 
els) wilbe found otherwise, before yor Lorp step further into that 
streame, I desire yor Lorp to be sure there is footeing towarde safety 
for assure yor selfe they have not as yet declared themselves & many 
engredients must be of othr opinions now extant to make up a 

892 The Ejected of 1662 

miscellanious worke, I am weake I know yor Lorp is wise, the pducte 
of the pmisses is following : if yor Lorp should too much dote on and 
adore that way, it may be pbable yor Lorp will send a ministr of that 
make to Kyrby Stephen wch would be vry inconvenient ptly in regard 
novelty yet disputable in or Country though I hope he & my selfe 
should well accorde in affections though not in opiinions & ptly in 
regard of yor Lorps outward content as thus yor Lorp must pay 
him yearely so much, & gathr the tythes, for they deny & will not 
accept of tithes. & if yor Lorp should afford him (as I psame you 
will) a sufficient meanes, yet aftr a short tyme he shall undrstand 
that tithes be payd to yor Lorps servaint he canot forbeare (by ther 
owne principles) but must preach agaynst the pishioners for paying 
& yor Lorp for takeing tithes wch I knowe will come to passe 
experience in some place this side Trent proves the truth of the 
pniisses wherefore if yor Lorp please to suspend the disposall of that 
liveing but a little I shall god willing shortly aftr Eastr waite an yor 
Lorp in London aboute my pticular above mentioned & then I doubt 
not (though I am unworthy to prsume) but I shall (if yor Lorp please 
to afford me that favour) fitt yor Lorp wth a vry able, honest & 
godly ministr, for that people must be pounded in a mortal & made 
up a newe, if yor Lorp please to hearken to me one of yor Lorps most 
faythfuU devoted servants. I hope God shall have glory that people 
comfort, & yor Lorp full content for I knowe the mystry. I humbly 
desire yor Lorp pdon my boldnes 1 am yor Lorps sincere friend & 
shall remayne 

Yor Lorps faythfuU Servaint in the 
Lord Jesus 
Appleby the 3th of March 1645. Henrie Masy. 

[Endorsed] 3 March 1645 

Mr Masy to mee 

Kirby steaven 
his owne addition 

To the right Honrable Lord Wharton 
at his house in Clerkenwell 
or his lodgings at Whitehall 

Right Honrable 

I receaved yor Lorps lettr of the 10th of March wherein I pceave 
yor Lorp hath receaved the Charre-pies^ wth a charge to omitte it on 
the future. I shall pmise not to send any more this lent but for the 
next yeare we knowe not what it bring forth. I heartily thanke yor 

1. In "The Flemings in Oxford" are several references to the Chart 
and Charr Pies. 

Kendal 893 

Lorp for acceptance I have here inclosed sent yor Lorp pticulars of the 
L. of Worcestrs land in or [our] Kendall parke, in the criginall rentall 
•wch I gott of the Steward of that land the rents (as he told me) some 
of them so high that the tenants of divers pcells have layd dov?ne ther 
leases, & othrs that continue for ther necessity canot save wee hardly 
gett ther rent they yearely pay. Whereuppon I conferred wth a 
friend or two in or towne men vry honest & experienced concearning 
the worth yearely value of the sevall leases and they have according 
to truth & iudgement sett on such equall rents wch they in conscience 
be psuaded may be given & what they thinke is more likely to yeeld 
pfit for the land & a poore saveinge bargaiyne for the tenants when 
the necessarie charges, as Kings rent & Stewards fees ar deducted, Yor 
Lorp will se that such a mattr as is lost yearely will be little anough 
for addition to this church of Kendall. I doubt not of yor Lorps 
fui'therance & pfecting this busynes for me. I have experience of 
many of yor Noble favours formrly wch causeth me to depend for 
this future I humbly thanke yor Lorp that you ar pleased to passe by 
my boldnes with yor Lorp conceameing Kyrby Stephen — truly my 
love to yor Lorp compelled me — though the advice came from me yet 
I assure yor Lorp it was true to be trusted, blessed be God that 
owneth his owne worke & pspers or armies, the same god blesse 
& psp [prosper] yor Lorp in yor weighty imployments this shalbe 
the pryr dayly of 

Yor Lorps most humble servant in Christ Jesus 
Kendall the 17th of Henrie Masy. 

March 1645 
[Endorsed] Mr. Masy 

17th March 1645. 

Right Honrable 

The last weeke I sent (according to yor Lorps directions) a pticular 
of the Lord of Worcesters land neere Kendall. I hope it is come to 
yor Lorps hand er this tyme & since that I have a vry good argument 
to reitrate my humble petition to yor Lorp conceameing addition of 
the value of that land to my poore vicarage of Kendall — for though 
none is acquainted wth this yor Lorps favour intended towards me, 
yet I pceave (this beinge the tyme of reckoneing for Eastr dues) that 
or people will not pay customary dues (conscience is lost wth many or 
most) since easter last the pettie dues payable to me ar abated (at 
least) twenty markes buriall & churcheing dues ar all deteyned, 
people desire ther old mumpsimus of the service booke wch is I 
hope happily exploded, & thereuppon people will not pay — it is wth 
them no pater noster no peny, besides this I suppose the last yeare a 
third pt payd not any dues at all, nevr reckoned, & such as then did & 
now do reckon they pay but the third pt of what they should, this I 
thought fitt to acquaynt yor Lorp wthall, that yor Lorp may se what 

894 The Ejected of 1662 

a poore pittance is likely to be left to the Vicaradge & that this 
may serve to be a petition effectuall to yor Lorp, to endeavour 
(of wch I doubt not) to gett the value of Lord of Worcestrs land 
here in Kendall parks or any other to be settled & conferred firmely 
to this Kendall vicaradge. god vs^illing I shall waite on yor Lorp in 
Londooi er longe. I hope yor Lorp will gett this addition (wch will 
be little enough for such a place as this) before that tyme and then 
(if yor Lorp shall please to give me leave) I shall acquaynte yor Lorp 
wth a piect [project] I have concearneing Kyrby Stephen, & desposall 
of it to glory of God the peoples comfort & yor Lorps full consent : 
.we here a sound (yet a farre off) of vry glorious things in the West 
God hath wrought for us, the Lord carry alonge his owne worke by 
such noble instruments as he hath begune both in consell & in worke 
the God almighty blesse & psp [prosper] yor Lorp in all yor weighty 
imployments this shalbe the prayer of 

Yor Lorps most devoted 
servant in the Lord Jesus 
Kendall this 23rd of March 1645 

Henrie Masy 
[Endorsed] 23 March 1645 

Mr. Masy to mee 

about his poore vicarage & the addition. 

Right Honrable 

I have longe forborne writeing & comeing to yor Lorp uppon this 
grounde — aboute a month since ther was a Combrland woman 
(comeing from an infected place) came to or towne & dyed there (& 
it was vry pbable) of the plague so that I durst not to send & putt a 
lettr into yor Lorps hand for had it pleased God to have spread it 
furthr we knowe not who could (in sense of man) have knowne 
himselfe free, ther being so much visiteing the woman in her sicknes & 
such mingleing of people togethr. Or [our] f eare' is past & now we hope 
the best, for since that woman's death, or towne hath beene in a vry 
good condition or maior & aldrmen used their best care, & blessed be 
God it is yet vry well. We deserve the worst but we enioy the 
best, the Lord sanctify all passages of his pvidence to me. This last 
weeke I was at Yorke with the two Mr. Coles, on thursday last they 
were tryed wth Hardy — the Coles were freed from the malice of 
malignants by a Councell of Warre (they ar thankefuU to God, & to 
yor Lorp) Hardy was found & the burden of the mans death was layd 
on him, he was condemned to imprisonment for a yeare & a day, 
rankes ( ?) (as the ordr was) Genrall Poyntz or that board should take 
him off & sett him at liberty, this is substance of ending that busynes. 
If I might be bold I desire yor Lorp to write to Generall Poyntz for the 
freeinge of Hardy he is a vry poore man, & in this act of killing the 
malignant pty, I psume he is to be favourably dealt wthall for he was 



a stranger in that country where the fact was & to the pty, only a 
suddeyne quarrell fell out betweene the Coles Hardy & the malignant 
slayne & at that tyme when the Lord Digby came into Westmerland 
when all welwishrs were in armes for pservation of or county the 
man slayne ieered such as were ready to resist the enemy, & in this 
respect I doubt not but 3 lines from yor Lorp to Genall Poyntz will in 
short tyme pcure Hardy his liberty, for myne owne busynes addition 
of 501i p annu out of the Sequestrations of Deane & Chaptr of Durham 
for wch I had an Ordr (by yor Lorps meanes) & that ordr I sent 
prsently to be prsented to the Comittee at Durham, but I receaved 
only a slydeing Answr I have sent thrice since &, had no answr this 
weeke (god willing) I purpose to send a speaciall messengr thether & 
according as I here of entrtaynement of that ordr I shall at my 
comeing to London (wch will be shortly) acquaynt yor Lorp. in the 
intrim I humbly desire yor Lorp to thinke of some othr way if I 
fayle there for addition I shall thinke it very strange that many in or 
county & all these Northerne pts ar supplyed & my poore self should 
want, whereas (I desire yor Lorp leave to write it) no ministr nor any 
othr man in this County or beyond us hath suffred & done for service 
of pliament as I have, I speake this (wch is a truth) not to be registred 
but to be relieved, not to boast but to be pittyed. Yor Lorp knows 
my service in doing & I have & do feele my sufferings I desire yor 
Lorp that that addition ordered for me at Durham, or any ether 
place wch may be sure be pformed yesterday we heard from Mr 
Sheriff Branthwayte of the Comiasion for the peace wch yor Lorp 
sent & this weeke Mr Sheriffe & or Barronry men have (this day) 
appoynted a meeteing aboute it & to Conferre aboute the signing 
accounts of or County, thus humbly craveing pdon my prayrs shalbe 
for Yor Lorp & the greate work in hand desiring yor Lorp not 
to fiinke too deepe &c I rest 

Yor Lorps most devoted servant 
in the L. Jesus 
Kendall the 29th of Henrie Masy 

June 1646 
[Endorsed] Mr. Masy 

29th June 1646. 

Right Hanble 

I i^eoeaved yor Lorps lettr this last weeke & another some 14 dayes 
past wch expressions of yor Noble favours, I humbly thanke yor Lorp 
I have lately (according to yor Lorps directions) sent yor Lorp a 
rentall of pticulars of the Earle of Worcestrs lands, here in Kendall 
parke I hope er this tyme Yor Lorp hath gotten it added to my small 
meanes here at Kendall. I shall not trouble Yor Lorp wth arg : I 
knowe right well Yor Noble disposition & willingnes (though 
undeserved) towards my selfe, experience of Yor Lorps favours 

896 The Ejected of 1662 

causeth dependancie, it must be donne if not donne already. On 
thursday last a lettr came to Colonell Benson from Dr. Manring 
Chancellour of Chestr Bysh wherein he wrote that he was sueing & 
petitioneing the pliament with hope to obteyne a Comission & 
setlement in authority for pbate of Wills & administrations in all the 
Diocese of Chestr wch if he should have graunted it would be a 
contradiction to that wch is alreddy graunted (by yor Lorps speaciall 
favour) to Colonell Benson for the Deaneries graunted to him ar 
wthin that Diocese- I am bold therefore once agayne to desire yor 
Lorp to take speaciall care that Colonell Benson be not priudiced nor 
troubled, by any graunte may be made of the same given him already 
(by yor Lorps speaciall favour) I psiune Yor Lorps lawe to Colonell 
Benson shall not be pvented if yor Lorps greate & wayhty imploye- 
ments will but suffr you to cast yor eye that way to se what passages 
may be in pliament conceameing matters of that natear. I am bold 
to acquaynte yor Lorp with Dr Manerings purpose for I knowe yor 
Lorp will not suffr a nullity of that favour done (deservedly) to 
Mr. Benson : I shall not compare the Colonell & the Chancellour, only 
thus : Colonell Benson hath beene (Yor Lorp well knowes) evr firme & 
active in the good cause in hand, & hath much suffred in his pson, 
goods & liberties, & the othr hath beene evr a malignant & active 
in the popish side & stood out till the yeelding of Chestr. I knowe 
the gentleman well, & I do much pitty him for his peevishness & for 
his prsent poverty & do wish that some care be had of him, so or 
honest Colonell be not priudiced nor hindred in what is already 
graunted to him, or on his further petitioning may be conferred on 
him, for honest men must be first respected, & all speaciall favours 
bestowed on them bread of wheate belonges to them and lett othrs 
have huskes. Right Noble, since the begining of writeing this psent 
lettr, I thought of one principall thing conceameing the Earle of 
VVorcesters land in parke neere Kendall, if Yor Lorp please to make 
addition of that whole land to my poore Vicaradge it will do well, 
but Yor Lorp shall please to adde lOOli p annu (the land will beare it) 
though the pticular Yor Lorp receaved is undr that sume yet I desire 
yor Lorp charge that land to pay lOOli p ann & something will be for 
the publike, besides that annuity, for my pt I had rathr to enioy lOOli 
p annu then halfe so much more in land, the trouble of it will be greate 
to me. I humbly desire Yor Lorp to pcure so much & I psume some 
purchaser (if the pliament will sell it) I knowe will come in & purchase 
what is left, it is too litle for Yor Lorp to thinke of it, but it will 
pleasure a meane friend. I desire Yor Lorp to conferre with this 
bearer Capteyne John Archer aboute it I prsimae he will deale in 
the purchase (the yearely charge above mentioned sett on that land) 
the remaynder wch canot be much & if Yor Lorp have thought of no 
other I earnestly desire this gentleman may be the man he is one of or 
Aldermen, a man vry pious honest and active for the cause, & deserves 



more respects then extraordinary, if Yor Lorp please to conferre wth 
him you will fynd him a vry rationall man, & such on (he being a 
Comittee man) that is a;ble to rendr account* of the state of this 
County (& I suppose of othr Counties) in as undrstanding and 
intelligent a mannr as any I knowe being evry way able, for piety 
politie & purse. I prsume Yor Lorp have heard of the death of 
the Vicar of Applby the Donation I here belongs to Deane & Chapter 
of Carlile, but now in hands of the pliament, the pliament pvision for 
that place & the viaradge would be vry good meanes for an honest 
able ministr. I beseech Yor Lorp take care of it, the man must be an 
experienced labourer in Gods vineard : God willing I shall shortly 
waite on Yor Lorp — in the interim & evr I shall not cease to make 
mention of Yor Lorp & Yors in my prayers & shall evr rest 
Yor Lorps most humble 

servant in the Lord Jesus 

Kendall the 2 of Aprill 

[Endorsed] 2 Aprill 1646 

Mr. Masy to mee &c. 

Henrie Masy. 

To the right Honble &c. 
[As before.] 

Right Honable 

I receaved Yor Lorps lettr of the 28th of Aprill wherein (I 
thankefully acfcnoweledge) I undrstand Yor Lorps continued Noble 
favours in endeavouring addition for me : the manr & meanes of 
obteyneing it & from whome it shall come, I dare not pcribe : but 
that of Durham I best approve of, for there I knowe was & is greate 
& large revenues but I leave it to Yor Lorps care & wisdome being 
assured Yor Lorp is ready (as alwayes heretofore) to be my thrice 
Noble frieaid in this pticular for present far greatr then I could expect 
or deserve my prayr shalbe evr for Yor Lorp & all Yors. I must 
alwayes be thankefull to thalmighty for Yor Lorp wth abundant 
thanks to Yor Lorp for many favours to my selfe & my friend 
Mr Benson & shall evr desire really to be 

Yor Lorps hmnble servant in the Lord Jesus 
Henrie Masy 
Kendall the 5th of May 1646 

[Endorsed] 5 May 1646 

Mr Masy to mee. 

Right Honrable 

I here (& it is truth) that there is a Lancashire man petitioning 
the pliament (& he is in Londcm psenting it) for Comission of 
pbate of Wills, as Colonell Benson hath done, and by Yor Lorps 
speaciall favour or Colonell obteyned it now this Lancashire man 
petitions for a Comission throughout that whole County, some pt of 

898 The Ejected of 1662 

that County is the chiefest pt of Colonell Bensons graunte, wch 
indeede formrly belonged to the Colonell by purchase & lately 
confirmed to him by pliament, the last lettr I troubled Yor Lorp 
wthall was to this same purpose to certify Yor Lorp that Dr Manring 
late Chancellour to the Bpsh of Chester was petitioning the same 
& now I am bold to acquaynte Yor Lorp of this othr endeavouringe 
earnestly desireing Yor Lorp to take care of it, for if it should be 
graunted to ether of them, it will priudice Colonell Benson & frustrate 
what Yor Lorps favour hath obteyned for him wch I prsume Yor 
Lorp will not willingly pmitt that cavalliers Downe right violent 
«nemies shall reape pfit & honest men nothing but paynes & pills [perils] 
I hope by Yor Lorps care it shall not be so in this pticular. I should 
be glad to here of Yor Lorps pfecting my busynes addititon out of 
the Earle of Worcestrs land here in Kendall parke. I sent by 
Capteyne Archr one of Kendale aldermen to acquaynte Yor Lorp more 
then I could write I hope it it is done er this tyme. soone after 
"White Sonday I purpose (god willing) to waite on Yor Lorp in London 
We dayly here of gladsome newes cooicearneing Sr Thom Ffairfax 
pspous success I desire the Lord to give us thankefuU hearts ft 
praying spirits for pfecting his owne worke my prayr for Yor Lorp I 

Yor Lorps most devoted servant 
in the Lord Jesus 
Kendall the 13th of Aprill Henrie Masy 

[Endorsed] 13 Aprill 1646 
Mr. Masy to mee 
aboute Coll. Benson To the right &c- 

Right Honrable 

I lately receaved an Ordr (by Yor Lorps spall favour) concearneing 
some addition to my Kendall Vicaradge out of the Deane & Chaptr 
lands of Durha. I canot but acknoweledge it as an high favour 
& for Yor Lorps continued affection to my poore selfe I humbly 
thanke god that hath evr enclined Yor Lorps heart to reflect uppon 
me and made you principally instrimientall for my good. I have sent 
a coppy of that Ordr to Durham to be psented (by a vry good friend) 
to the Comittee but as yet I here nothing of ther entrteynment of it : 
only this the Clarke of the Comittee send me word that that Comittee 
hath no powr to act anything I have returned answr to him, that I 
conceave the powr he meante was only concearneing the newe modell 
and Association busynes, not the powr aboute Sequestration unto wch 
this Ordr directly poynts at, when I here his or ther answr I shall 
be bold to acquaynte Yor Lorp wth it. I have made bold at this 
psent to entreate Yor Lorp in behalfe of Mr. Samuell Cole ministr of 
Hevrsham, whom Yor Lorp knowes, who hath tasted & almost filled 

Kendal 899 

wth Yor Lorps favour towards him & his brother (by obteyning 
the finall determination of a very casuall & unhappy busynes at 
Milthrope) to that Honrable Comandr Genrall Poynts to be tryed by 
a Couinsell of Warre for wch they often expresse humble thankes to 
Yor Lorp, & this formr Noble favour towards him emboldens me 
(I knoweing Yor Lorps readynes to help an honest ministr) to 
entreats Yor Lorp to directe & furthr this bearer in pcureing addition 
for Mr Cole, this bearer can informe Yor Lorp on what they pitch. 
I earnestly desire Yor Lorps speaciall care in this mattr. I shall say 
to Yor Lorp as Sr Waltr Raweleigh to Q. Eliz. when she left giveing 
he would leave begging. I desire Yor Lorp pdon my boldnes, 
for often troubleing Yor Lorp both for my selfe & friends, or 
hearty thankes shall not be wanting, or [ourj prayrs for Yor Lorp 
shall dayly be engaged, & I doubt not but those Yor many favours 
to me shall prove blessings to Yor selfe & shall abound to Yor Lorps 
comfort in day of accompte : the greate God & givr of all gifts powr 
his blessings on you & psper Yor Lorp in all Yor high & holy 
imployments. I purpose (god willing) shortly to waite on Yor Lorp,. 
in meane tyme & all tyme I shall rest 

Yor Lorps most humble servant in Christ Jesus 
Kendall this 30th of Henrie Masy 

May 1646. 

Postscript [in Benson's hand] 

My very good Lord After psentacon of my himible service and 
thankful! acknowledgement of Yor many great favours to 
me I hiunblie crave leave to second Mr Masy his suite 
to Yor Honour on the behalfe of Mr Samuel Cole a very 
Godlie and paynfull Minister Knoweinge Yor pious disposicon 
to all such I shall onely add that 
I am 

Yor Hours moat humble and 
faithful servant 

To the Right Honorble &c. 

[Endorsed :] Mr. Masy to mee 

about Augmentation for Mr. 
Coles living 30 May 1646. 

Right Honrable 

I blesse God I am safely returned to Kendall, where I found all 
friends in health I am bold to acquaynte Yor Lorp with the feares of 
such as ar honest & well affected, wch ar but fewe in Compison : that 
when the Scots ar gone, & if ther shall be none in armes for Defence 
amongst us the malignant pty in or Country may act something to the 
disturbance of us & destruction of or peace we nowe enioy, for ther be 

900 The Ejected of 1662 

vry many amongst us that come out of garrisons lately yeelded & the 
ill affected dwelling wth us they flock togethr & have ther often 
meetings & insult us much (if not more) than evr ther prode [proud] 
& lofty carriages exceede formr tymes, what the issue may be we 
knowe not, if it be not tymely pvented, its feared some mischiefe 
may breake forth in or pts. We have one troope of horse undr 
Comand of Captyne Johnson one of the modell : if the Scots leave 
us (I cons [torn away] the County growne undr the burden) yet if 
Capteyne Johnsoai be appoynted to be pvided for by the pliament & 
to stay amongst us, it will (by Gods blessing) pvent or Dangers 
feared, he is & evr hath beene very honest & faythfull & vry 
serviceable. It is desired (& I am desired to signyfie thus much to 
Yor Lorp) that Yor Lorp considr the pmisses & pvide the best for 
or [our] safety, of wch we ar confident. Since my retume home, I 
spake wth Mr. Sheriffe Branthwayte Concearneing Mr. Benson, to be 
invested into so much land (as Yor Lorp directed me) wch will make 
him capable of Justice of the peace in or County, the Sheriffe answred 
it may be wthout it, I acquaynted Col. Benson wth it, & I prsume it 
will be donne at present without it, he haveing land of his owne in 
Yorkshire, if that will not bringe him into such a capacity, then we 
shall be bold to trouble Yor Lorp hereafter. I am wished to mynd 
Yor Lorp of that busynes (of wch Yor Lorp tooke a memorandu) 
concearneing Willia Garnet of Barbon that he be soUititour for 
Sequestrations in Westmrland, he is a very honest man & usefuU, it 
is desired he be imployed also for Cumbrland, but I leave all to yor 
Lorps wisedome & care, thus wth hearty thankes for Yor Lorps 
Noble favours, my prayr for Yor Lorp & right Noble Lady wth all 
Yor sweete litle ones 

I rest 
Yor Lorps most faythfull servant 
in the Lord Jesus 
Kendall the 28th of 

Sept. 1646. Henrie Masy 

[Endorsed] : Mr Masy's letter to my Lord 

Conserning Captaine Johnson's troope 

and of Col Benson being made Justice 

of the peace the 28th of Sept 1646. 
[This hand is not Wharton's : it differs from the rest.] 

Right Honble 

Since I pted [parted] from Yor Lorp there ar two gentlemen 
(cittizens of London) ar sued for want of payment of first fruites wch 
Kendall Vicaradge should have payd by Mr. Hall my prdecessor I 
confesse when he left the Vicaradge to me dureing his life I 
undrtooke to paye the first fruites then unpayd on his composition, 
wch was two ptes of foure & the two pts comes to 431i or 44li or 

Kendal 901 

thereabouts, nowe the sureties of Mr Hall ar sued & execution out 
agaynst them. This is it I am bold to entreate Yor Lorp (though 
I knowe its a busynes belowe Yor Lorps greate imployments) that Yor 
Lorp be pleased to send honest Mr. Wing to the first fruite office to 
Stoppe furthr pceedings agaynst those sureties & that Yor Lorp 
thinke of some course to gett the bonds up that lies in that office 
against the gentlemen into wch bonds they entred in lawe to Mr. 
Hall & indeede there is greate reason that some pliamentary way 
remitt the 2 payemnts yet behynd for that same yeare out at six 
monethes & six monethes they should have beene payd out of the 
Pfits of Kendall Vicaradge the Earle of Newecastle wth or Comissionrs 
of Array sent & settled one Mr L€ake in Kendall Church who had 
all the pfits of one yeare & pt of anothr whiles I was through the 
insolence of the Comissionrs of Array forced to fly for sheltr & 
safety into Scotland & lost all, the pmisses considered me thinks at 
is vry resonable that the payement of pt of first fruites behynd should 
be remitted & not sued for, whenas I lost all that should have payd 
& rathr to be exacted (by some pliamentary course) & recovred of the 
foresayd Mr. Leake & his executours, he is indeed dead, but hath 
left Land in Yorkshire aboute Dent wch may sufficiently pay it, the 
pties who have the land remayneing malignants to this day. I desire 
Yor Lorp to considr how the sureties of Mr Hall & my selfe may be 
freed, the losse of all (that should have payd it) suffred by the violence 
of the enemy agaynst me may pleade a discharge of the bonds in 
first fruite office : if Yor Lorp be pleased to shewe Yor selfe in it, 
I prsume it may be done. When I was lately in London I told Yor 
Lorp of the comeing of my eldest sonne from Barbadoe Hand & his 
arrivell Plymoth. Since that he came to London some 4 or 5 dayes 
aftr I left it & misseing me there, he is lately come to Kendall, & 
hath shewed me divers paprs & in them the cause of comeing, it 
seemes the hard & harsh pceedeings agaynst him by such as is 
Govrnment in that Hand he hath beene a minister 10 or 11 yeares 
vry well beneficed & well setled in land of his owne purchaseing but 
aboute March last till midle of May he hath beene imprisoned in that 
Hand, censured & deprived of all & not suffred to carry any goods 
wth him to afford him subsistence in prison, nethr suffred to take 
leave of or se his wife & 3 children but banished (as it were) come 
ovr hithr. I have sent to Yor Lorp hereenclosed a paper, wch is a 
pt of the pceedings agaynst him, & the cause, he wilbe vry shortly 
in London, to psent to the pliament his grievances, I humbly desire 
Yor Lorp in the interim to considr what course he may take & how 
to make his case knowne & to whom, the Honrable Lord of Carlile is 
Proprietor of that Hand. When he comes to London I humbly 
entreate Yor Lorp to give him Yor Lorps advise and direction & I 
desire Yor Lorp to give motion (as Yor Lorp shall thinke fitt) to 
his petitions & pceedeings for recory of his formr estate both eccall & 

902 The Ejected of 1662 

temporall, yet this much I have prvayled wth him (aftr he hath 
vindicated himselfe & be (by powr of pliament setled in his meanes) 
that he will leave that Hand & despose of his purchased land returne 
wth his wife & children into England & be a ministr amongst us here 
& I should be right glad to have him placed in or Northerne pts I 
doubt not of his ability & goodnes God hath wroughte much for him & 
in him blessed be his name I greately reioyce to se his face, .1 say no 
more, he is my sonne, & therefore I silence my pen, only this I humbly 
desire Yor Lorp (as you have been alwayes ready to bestow Yor Noble 
favours on me & myne) that if he can despose of himselfe to accept of 
a pastoral charge here in England that Yor Lorp thinke on him ethr 
for Kyrby Stephen or Appleby but Kyrby Stephen I say if not 
already gone. I doubt not of his .fitnes but I leave it to Yor Lorps 
triale of him or tryall of any othr whom Yor Lorp shall best truste. I 
crave pdon for my boldnes & comend all the pmisses to Yor Lorps 
favour & furthrance wth hearty thankes for all Yor Noble favours 
pmiseing my dayly prayrs for Yor Lorp & Right Noble Lady & 
hope full litle ones desireing the Lord to make you all happy here & 
evr hereaftr I rest 

Yor Lorps most humble servant in the Lord Jesus 
Kendall the 5th of Octobr Henrie Masy 

To the &c. 

[Endorsed in same hand as last :] 

Mr. Masye's Lettr to my Lord the 5th of October 1646 

Conseming the first fruites of Kendall 

and of his sons Business in Barbades. 

Right Honable 

I lately made bold to sende 2 or 3 lettrs to Yor Lorp. I hope 
they ar come to Yor Lorps handes : in one I acquaynted Yor Lord 
wth a suite agaynst two Londoners suerties & in bonde in the first 
fruites Office for payement of first fruites of the Vicaradge of Kendall 
payable by Mr. Hall my predecessour there 441i or theraboutes 
unpayed & the suerties sued to an execution, Mr Hall lived till aftr 
that was due, but he leaveing all to me, I undertooke the payment of 
all dues, & this monie wch is calld & sued for, should have beene 
payd by me out of the pfits of the Vicaradge that yeare that I was 
enforced (by violence of enemies entring or towne & County) to fly 
into Scotland, & lost all that yeare & halfe anothr, this was the effect 
of that lettr to Yor Lorp wth desireing Yor Lorp (though it be a 
busynes far belowe Yor greate & waighty imployment) that you be 
pleased to considr of some course how to prvent any furthr pceedeings 
agaynst the suerties & how to pserve me from payment of that monies 
seing that wch should have payd it was by enemies taken all from 
me, & me thinks it unreasonable that I should suffr both by enemies 

Kendal 903 

& friends : I hope Yor Lorp will thinke of some way to free the 
payement. In my last lettr I was bold to write to Yor Lorp con- 
ceameing my sonne lately come to Kendall from Barbado Hand & 
shewed Yor Lorp how he hath beene psecuted in that Hand by a 
ploticall Government but he (being this bearer) can relate his 
greavances bettr then I can write them. I desire Yor Lorp to direct 
him, how he may make his case knowne to the pliament & to vindicate 
himselfe, that he may wth safety & librty despose of his goods there 
& a litle land, & fetch ovr to England his wife and children & setle 
here : I have pvayled wth him to do it & thereuppon I desired Yor 
Lorp that if Kyrby Stephen be not bestowed you would be pleased 
to reflect on him. I hope he is fitted for such a place, both wth 
grace & abillities otherwise, I blesse God for him, & I doubt not but 
God shall have glory, the soules there comfort & Yor Lorp content 
& shall nevr have cause to feare a sufficient discharge of that cure, but 
I leave it to God & Yor Lorp craveing pdon for my ovr much boldnes 
in troubling Yor Lorp. my prayrs dayly for Yor Lorp & right Noble 
Lady & all j ^^^^ 

Yor Lorps evr devoted servant in Lord 
Kendall the 19th of Henrie Masy 

Octobr 1646. 
To the right &c. 
[Endorsed at length recapitulating the points of the letter.^ 

Eight Honrble 

This mourning an honest ministr of or Country sheweth me a lettr 
from his friend in London that ther be some that gette psonages from 
such as have psentations & no Institution & Inductions, prtendeing 
them to be in lapse. I psume all that have beene psented since the 
Byshops were casheered ar in this condition, for we nevr heard of 
any course taken for Institution, yet this lettr I sawe from London 
signifyed to my friend (whose case it is and myne also) that the powr 
of Institutions is in the hands of Sr Nathaniell Brent : I am bold 
thereuppon earnestly to desire Yor Lorp that you be pleased to 
considr & advise me what course is to be taken. Sr Nathaniell 
Brent (I knowe) on the least word of Yor Lorp will pvent dangr 
to me & sett us in a way to pfect my psentation with Institution & 
Induction. I beseech Yor Lorp have speedy thoughts of it & send 
me speedy directions & God willing I shall foUowe Yor Lorps consell. 
Thus Desireing Yor Lorps pdon for often troubling Yor Lorp I shall 

Yor Lorps ready servant in the Lord Jesus. 
Kendall the 27th of Henrie Masy 

Octobr 1646 

[Endorsed in same hand but nothing special in it.] 


The Ejected of 1662 

*Every witnes By ye Genrall Assembly March 17th 1645. 
either my accuser This Assembly Consists of Gov. Councell & Burgases 
or iudge or Whereas it was this day pved upon oath by sevrall 

both *witnesses that Henry Massy Clerk did deliver in 

his pulpitt in ye parish of St Phillips & elsewhere 

•No dangerous sevrall points of doctrine of A 'dangerous Conse- 
doctrine menconed quence : & for his Dissent unto ye doctrine & 
YeCheifestisof Disobedience to ye Discipline of ye Church of 
England & more particularly did say & deliver, that 
whosoever were Baptized wth ye Signe of ye Cross 
did thereby receive ye marke of ye beast & should 
paretake of ye plagues of ye beast, He is therefore 
deprived ipso facto ab officio et Beneficio & 
Censured forthwth to depart from this Hand & 
never to returne hither againe. And in meane 
tyme to stand Comitted wthout Bayle or mainprize 
untill he departe as afforesayd. 

Copia Vera cum originali. 
Deprived Censured & Ejected from my livelihood 
wife & Children Contrary to A statute of Grace 
made by yr honable house (1640 or thereabouts) 
taking away all high Comissions & ther Censures 
fines & imprisonments : besides denieing me one 
fortnights liberty to dispose of my estat, nay put 
me a;board of A ship & not suffred to take my 
leave of my wife & Children phibiting me to Carry 
any goods wth me to support me in necessity : 
notwithstanding Petions being psented in my 
behalfe by my Parish, refused & a pclimaon as 
followeth (verbatim) to phibit any either to petion 
or intreat : I having brought sevrall testimoniels 
both of life & Doctrine : & those subscribed in 
publicke meetings in my parish Church, & trayning 

ye Cross : if ye 


be dangerous 

they pverted 

ye words 

Disobedience to 
Bish. Cannons 
& not reading 
Comon Prayer 
All ther 
Justice in 
This naar 
[narrative] is 
Chamber Justice 
& not in 
not to 

By ye Gov. [Governor] 
Theis are to signify & give notice to all & evry ye inhabitants 
of this parish yt ye Graall Assembly at there last meeting have 
received sevrall peticons & requests subscribed by many & sevrall 
psons one ye behalfe & Justificaon of Henry Massey Clerk wch they 
conceived & as it is indeede a tumultuous seditious and factious 
manner of way of pceeding theese are therefore to admonish & in h'S 
Maties names stricktly to Commaund & Charge all & every ye 
Inhabitants of this parrish & all others ye inhabitants of this Hand 
yt they do not psume or take upon them to subscribe intreat or pcure 

Kendal 905 

any others to doe ye same in such a tumultuous factious & seditious 
manner as abouesayd, for or one ye behalfe of any pson or psona 
whatsoever in any time Comeinge upon payne & hazard of being 
reputed deemed & pceeded against as tumultuous ffactious & seditious 

Given under my hands this 19th Day of March 1645 
Phill : Bell. 
To be published in ye Parish Church of St. Phillips. 

Copia Vera. 
Kept in prison & none suffered to Come unto me, from ye 3d 
March 1645 untill ye 12th of May & more 1646. 

Henry Masy, junior, did not obtain tlie Appleby or 
]Kirkby Stephen living, and evidently lie returned to his 
•Church in the Barbadoes, as witness the following: — 

Theise are to Certifye whome it may Concerne yt ]Mr. Nicholas 
ffostor & Mary Barber were joyned together in Marriage in or About 
ye eleventh day of December in ye Yeare of or Ld : one thousand six 
hundred forty & seaven; in ye Parish of Philips in Barbadoes. by me 
whose name is underwritten being then Minister of ye Aboue named 
Parresh in 
[blank] America [blank] 

Hen Massey CI. Rectr.' 

Jienry Masy, senior, thus continues his Letters : — 

Right Honable 

Since my pteing [parting] from Yor Lorp I had many thoughts on 
my pposition & of my twice sealeing to Yor Lorp & that in hast wthout 
tyme to breathe to considr (undrstand it) I knowe not the meaneing 
of statement of halfe the whole some nor the abatement of the interest, 
wch by myne account out of Yor Lorps note comes to 331i 13s. 4d & at 
least I confesse I allowe not takeing interest as its usuall amongst 
ordinary useres, but this is another case, the adventure of many men's 
whole estates & for the pservation of Church & State the case is 
varied : but no more of this untill the Lord gives me opportunity to 
se Yor Lorp the next Somer [word not deciphered] only I desire Yor 
Lorp to continue Yor Noble favour & care of it, that I may not be 
alwayes in a suffring condition by enemies who robbed & plundred & by 
friends too who should recompense & requite. I assure Yor Lorp it had 
beene far bettr for an honest ministr (if conscience pmited) in regard 
of outward thinges to have taken pt wth the enemies, for malignant 
ministrs that stood out agaynst Christ & his Gos. ar in far bettr 
respect (ethr by indulgence or conivence) then sueh as ar uttrly 
undone for the cause. I speak it in truth & in griefe of heart, not so 

1. S. P. Dom. Inter. I, vol. 101, No. 75 iii. • 

9o6 The Ejected of 1662 

much that malignants ar spared but that honest undone men ar na 
bettr requited. I am bold to write once agayne concearneing errours 
& schism begining in these ptes, it is observed that Yor Lorp hath 
a cheife hand in it. for if they ar disliked here in the country, they 
imediately address themselves to yor Lorp wch if they were not 
confident of Yor Lorps encouraging them they would nevr do : at end 
of Somer last Mr. Taylour & myself e beinge wth Yor Lorp you seemed 
to countenance him, but not much, at my pteing from Yor Lorp 
aftrwards Yor Lorp pmised not to shewe Yor selfe in any measure 
whereby he might take encouragement to psist, yet since that Yor 
Lorp hath written 2 lettrs to Mr. Branthwaite & he the Comittee in 
behalf 6 of Mr. Taylour wch sounds not well, for he abuses Yor honour 
& blemishes it, by makeing Yor Lorp a patrone & ptectour of his 
errour & odd opinions : its pbable that Antrobus came to Yor Lorp 
(I sawe him wth Yor Lorp) concearneing the like busynes, if ther 
were a villayne or any base fellowe in England he was one, if God 
hath called him its well & we should reioyce in it. I wish fayre 
outeside prtences may not delude & deceave Yor Lorp. Its likely that 
Yor Lorp shalbe shortly sued unto for another come wthin or Barronry 
wthin Kendall pish, a man (I hope that hath gifts) that setts up the 
trade of preaching I say not much of them (though contrary to 
Christ's rule & practice of the Apostles) seeing there is such 
countenanceing or at least conivence of them : but for such men or 
[our] country is wholly bent to resist them & not suffr them to 
officiate for if they must have librty of conscience to disordr the- 
Church of Christ, why should not othr men have the like librty to 
keepe & pserve peace & truth. I psume Yor Lorp will here if you 
countennce such errours that the truely Godly will resolve rathr (by 
opposeing erroneous psons if any remedy be to be had any w^ay) to loose 
Yor Lorps favour then favour of God. I am bold thus to write in 
maiore(?) cautelam for whereas Yor Lorp hath had all due respect & 
Honour from or country, Yor Yorp will loose all agayne in takeing pt 
wth errours to disturbe and Comudde ( ?) God's truth & it doth begine 
already, for my poore selfe do suffr for Yor Lorp I beseech Yor Lorp 
lett not Yor right Noble Spirit be too much carried away wth delusions 
& outeside ptences of men, its the Apostles direction to all ingenuous & 
ingenious men Let no man beguile you of yor reward (or of victory) 
in voluntary humility & worshipping of angels intruding into those 
things wch he hath not seene vaynely puft up wth his fleshly mynd, 
wch things have indeede a shewe of wisedome in will worship & 
humility. I am bold to mynde Yor Lorp of that (I psume) Yor 
Lorp knowes right well, yet I canot hold because of deepe & deare 
affection to Yor Lorps Deare Soule whom I love in the truth, for the 
truthes sake "wch I hope dwelleth in me, but for the Divisions of 
Reuben ther are greate thoughts of heart© : me thinkes I se the 
troubles at Ffrankford hastening toward us. heretofore the test of 2' 

Kendal 907 

or 3 pious godly men, espeacially ministrs pcured mens acceptance 
wth there friends but now a dayes an errour or two that ar destructive 
gaynes & gettes favour & friendship — old friends & tryed ar changed 
for newe & old errours revived or newe ones trusted or countenanced 
& taken for orthodox, & all sorts of men pmitted to vent ther 
pleasure undr a ptence of religion wthout controlle. Christ's tunica 
rare unica & the Barbarous souldiers devided it not but now its 
rent to peces. It is to be feared that god hath a greater Scourge yet 
behynd for this Kingdome for abuseing his heavenly truth receaveing 
chaffe & casting wheate out of Dores the lord hath in good measure 
& in greate mercy stayed the fury of the Sword & now we ar fighting 
agaynst truth, do we thus requite the lord a foolish people & unwise, 
& if the Sword of the lord be sheathed wch is much to be doubted 
of yet the lord hath othr iudgements the pestilence cleanenes of teeth 
5carcenes of bread wch is much to be feared & this is not the most 
we dally & play wth the Gospell & desire to here men rathr then 
Christ to speake to us, he may send (& that rightly) a fearefuU 
famine not of bread nor wat-er, but of hereing the word that we shall 
run to & fro to seeke the word of the Lord & shall not fynd it, & 
this will prove the greatest misery when the light of Goshen is turned 
into Egyptian Darknes, & the Vineard taken from us & given to other 
husbandmen that shall bringe forth bettr fruites. I knowe Yor Lorp 
can do much yea very much to pvent or [our] feared miseries, reforma- 
tion begins first in or owne hearts & houses & then its spreade furthr 
-abroade, Mordecay sayd to Hestr if Destruction come, thinke not 
thou shall escape more then all the Jewes, for if thou hold thy peace 
at this tyme, then shall the Jewes have help & deliverance out of 
anothr place & thou & thy fathers house shalbe destroyed & who 
knoweth whethr thou art come to the Kingdome (the pliament) for 
such a tyme as this. I desire pdon for my boldnes, the love of Chris^t 
-constreyneth me, the god of peace & truth be Yor Lorps God, guide 
& guard wth Yor Eight Noble Lady & sweete children is the dayly 
prayr of 

Lor Lorps most affectionate & humble servant 
in the Lord Jesus 

Henrie Masy. 
Kendall the 21th of Dec 1646. 
.[End :] 21 Dec. 1646 Mr Masy to my Lord 
£ln another place same hand] P. George 

[Addressed as usual.] 

Hight Honrable 

I late wrote to Yor Lorp wherein I desired many pticulars. I hcpe 
that lettr is come to Yor Lorps hands longe er this tyme : Since that 
I receaved from Yor Lorp 2 acquittances signed by the treasurer of 

9o8 The Ejected of 1662 

Guild-hall for pposition monies the one for 601i thotiir for 2011. T 
have had abundance of experience of Yor Lorps care & Noble favours- 
to me, for wch I humbly thanke Yor Lorp but I must ccnfesse I 
undrstand not the busynes pfectly. I sealed once & a second tyme 
(at my last being in London) in such hast, that I could not rightly 
informe myselfe, nor be informed conceameing the mattr, only thus, 
I apprehend a losse & abatement, it sounds strange, that publike fayth 
should be a griefe & piudice to many godly & true hearted men & be 
exposed to the scorne & scoffes of all malignants, but no more lest I 
offend : only this I desire Yor Lorp not to trouble Yor selfe wth 
writeing to satisfy me, but after Eastr (god willing, if the Lord 
permitt) I shall se London, & thus far I am fully satisfyed already 
that nothing is or shalbe done that may tend to my hurt but Yor 
Lorps care will step in to pvent it, but this shall suffice, till the Lord 
afford me opportunity to se Yor Lorp. I make bold to send Yor Lorp 
hereinclpsed a petition to the Hoaible Comittee of plundred ministrs 
wth a coppy of ther Ordr wherebye they graunted 40li p ann out of 
sequestred tithes formrly belonging to Sr Phillip Mysgrove Sr George 
& Sr William Dauston. Yor Lorp was the speceall meanes in obteyning 
that Ordr for Augmentation to the Chappel of Grayrgg wth 4 othr 
Chappells all wch 5 ar wthin the pish of Kendall & the next day 
aftr the ordr were signed by Sr — Stricklande according to Yor Lorps 
directions I went (& tooke Mr. Banes wth me) & entred the 5 Ordrs 
at Goldsmithes hall & payd the fees upon entrajice. since that tyme 
it seemes Sr George & Sr Will Dauston have compounded for ther 
Delinquency & or [our] Mr Sheriffe Branthwhayte told me on Satturday 
last they have brought downe an Ordr & shewed it to him, revokeing 
the formr Ordr pteaiding they have compounded for tithes sequestred 
graunted for augmentation wch may anuU all the rest graunted here 
or elswhere : this petition therefore enclosed we make bold to send, 
humbly entreateing Yor Lorp that Yor Lorp direct & desire or Honred 
friend Mr Lawrence & Mr Salloway (who were psent at the Comittee 
when this augmentation was graunted and ordered & heartily voted 
it) may take this petition & psent it & pcure the Augmentation to 
continue for Grayrigg Chappell, as is fortnrly ordered, where the 
fault is I knowe not. In Yor Lorps last lettr you wrote concearneing 
Coll. Benson & his busynes I directly acquaynted him wth it and is 
no we come to London to waite on Yor Lorp for advise & consell what 
course is best for his settlement in matters of his formr imployment — 
probate of Wills & Administrations I doubt not but Yor Lorp will 
afford him Yor Noble favour & furtherance he is worthy (& I am 
instructed to desire Yor Lorp to be myndfuU of Mr John Archer (a 
worthy membr of or Kendall) concearneing Kendall parke the Lord of 
Worcester's land if it be to be sold that he may be the purchaser he 
is vry able honest & deserveing : I desire Yor Lorp (as one most 
faythfull to Yor Lorps soule) that you forbeare contenancing errours- 

Kendal 909 

in these or pts — ethr you do it or Yor honour is much abused by 
Buch. I desire pdon shall remembr Yor Lorp at throne of grace & 
evr remayne 

Yor Lorps most faythfuU Servant in the Lord Jesus 
Kendall this 6th of Jan. Henrie Masy 


To the right Honrable 

Lord Wharton at his house in 


these d.d. 

in London 
[End :] 6 Jan. 1646 Mr. Masy to Yor honr. 

Right H enable 

• I have adventured (not wthstanding Yor Lorps phibition) to send 
Yor Lorp a charre pie I desire Yor Lorp to accept it & to send one of 
Yor servants to the White horse wthout Creeple gate to fetch it from 
Thom Bateman or [our] Kendall Carrier, that is all Yor Lorp hath to do 
beside the spreading it at Yor Lorps table. I humbly entreate Yor 
Lorp to accept of this small token from Yor most thankefuU friend. 
I hope Mr. Benson doth addresse himselfe to Yor Lorp for favour & 
furthrance in his busynes & I doubt not but Yor Lorp will advise 
& direct him for the best. I pray God that home-bred enemies in 
or Country (the Scots being gone) do not rayse tumults amongst us, 
or [our] chavaliers hold up their heads & seeme to have great hopes : if 
there be not a good Accomodation between King & pliament shortly 
it wilbe necessary that care be had for pvention : I am pswaded that 
as longe as Church govrnment is unsettled & not actually putt in 
execution genally ovr the Kingdome & as longe as so many sects (I 
dare not say suffred) derogatory to the glory of God & his truth, I 
am pswaded that God is highly displeased & a fearefuU scourge will 
fall on us & the highst cedars shall feele the dreadful thundrbolt 
as well as the lowest shrobe, a dwarft in the opinion of some, may se 
as farre as he that is a tall ma<n in opinion of othrs. It will be to 
Yor Lorps greatest honour to discountenance errours & to hasten to 
sett up Christ (who is the way the truth & the life) in this Kingdome 
wth his glorious truth as longe as the Jewes (aftr returne from the 
Babielonish Captivity) were intent aboute othr mattrs (wch in ther 
seasons were good & lawefuU) & neglected the reedifyeing the Lords 
house & let it ly waste they nevr pped [prospered]. Honable Lord 
there is a fancy of 2 or 3 yeares standeing & entrteyned ptly by Yor 
Lorp (I desire pdon) & strongely mynteyned by some othrs (& these 
greate ones) in London & I feare in pliament. the fancy is (I can 
call it noothr name) librty of consc. I am bold to say & am able to 
prove its destructive both to piety & politie, if it be graunted in 

9IO The Ejected of 1662 

mattrs of religion why not in mattrs of regement of the republicke 
if librty in the greate, that imediately concearneing God, why not in 
the lesser, & if one be approved the othr must be allowed, & the 
result of it will be that all the studdie pious care & paynes of the 
Honrable pliament in setting forth any wholesome edictes, ordinances 
or Acts will be of none effect for who will not or canot prtend 
consc. [conscience] & what then will be the fruite of holy pliaments 
& heavenly prchinge, but errours in relig. & disobedience in pollity 
will be a good consequence to arg : for all peevish & men prvrted 
[perverted] I desire pdon & my prayrs for Yor Lorp dayly 

I rest 

Yor Lorps most humble & faythfuU Servant 

in the Lord Jesus. 
Kendall th'is 8th Henrie Masy 

of ffebr 1646. 
[End :] 8 ffeb 1646 
Mr. Masy to my Ld. 

[Addressed- :] To &c Clarkenwell 

The following is from Lord Wharton : — 

Mr Masy 

I have reed two or three of yor Ires, the greatest pt whereof were 
concerning the Ordinance for Bpps Lands. I forbore to answere you 
therein, because you desired mee soe to doe untill your owne comeing 
to Towne. Howevr I thought fitt to acquaint Coll. Benson therewth 
that hee might informe you how the case stands, therefore I referr 
myselfe to him, & shall onely say this in short that Divers have pted 
wth their interest in like Case, for half of the principall money, and 
the most that ever I heard wch was given for any such moneyes was 
two third pts soe that you are to have 801i from mee for that wch 
others have pted wth for 401i and for wch not any at the highest rate 
could have gott above 531i 6s 8d. If you like rather to have your 
money upon further adventure if you will repay mee wthin 3 monethes 
the 92li 12s 3d wch I laid out to secure your money out of my Love 
and care of you I shalbe very willing to re-assigne my interest unto 

I rest 

Yor very lo : friend 
P. Wharton 

London 17 Feb 1646. 

[End.] Coppy of a Lettr to Mr. Masy 17 Feb 
1646 p. Coll. Benson. 



Right Honble 

This last weeke I receaved a lettr from a Cittizen of Londoin one 
•altogethr unknowne to me by face & by name the Some of the lettr 
was as followeth — he had heard of me & that at my being in London 
I often had recourse & made my addresses to Yor Lorp (how he knew 
it I knowe mot) & thereuppon he desired me (it seemes he highly 
honours Yor Lorp) that I would write to Yor Lorp & entreate Yor 
Lorp that Yor Lorp shewe not Yor selfe in behalfe on Mr Antrobus 
a Cumbrland ministr, he being articled agaynst, its noted in London 
that Yor Lorp do begine to favour him. he desires & its myne earnest 
& humble entreaty that Yor Lorp be pleased not to engage Yor honour 
nor countenance such not wthstanding faire ptencea : it was longe 
before Paul could be receaved by the disciples, & if such fellowes 
rshalbe entrteyned & favoured wth such high & Honable respects as 
Yor Lorp may afford him it may be (if he prove not right) Yor Lorp 
may suffr, if he be a convrt I am right glad but thus; much I assure 
Yor Lorp since my comeing to Kendall, he hath once or twice 
.seemed to be same [word not deciphered] as if heaven had beene 
his home and hath apostated to be the vilest wretch & [word 
not deciphered] the best hopes of his most charitable friends.' — 
there is no wickednes hath beene unwelcome to him — he fell to 
:8uch pphaneness to mocking of Ordinances as he baptized a Cock : 
& nowe we here he is a pt«nder to anabaptisme & independency — I 
; should be right glad (the searcher of hearts knoweth I speak truth) 
if he be sound at heart, but he hath cheated so many in the country 
& some in London wth a countrfayte reformation that he begines to 
be suspected wth some of his newe credulous friends in London, it 
will be best therefore that Yor Lorp be vry carefull & spareing of 
holpeing him in acts that will not endure the sun light. There be 
many others in these northerne pts that have beene stinking malignants 
{ministrs & others) that fynd more favour & good countenance smileing 
on them then pious honest & godly men that have donne to ther 
uttmost & suffred much in & for service of the pliament its much 
admired whence it comes, the chavilleere faction hold up ther heads, 
the honest friends are delected (unlesse such sectaries) and as it were 
scorned & discouraged ministrs & others non covenantrs ar the men. 
this last Wednesday we had a publicke fast but unlesse the pliament 
suppress errours sects & schisme we may starve orselves & get no 
remedy. I confesse fasting & prayr rightly used and pformed may 
prvayle much but authority must help or nothing will be donne — let 
me be bold to aequaynte Yor Lorp wth one thing in genall, the honest 
pty ar wondrfuUy gineved to se so many tares groweing, & the worke 
■ of reformation so much retarded & I feare (I speake this undr the 
rose) that if the Honble pliament should (as god forbid they should) 
neede & call up amies agayne I feare, that many & many friends 
formrly will fayle them & rathr fly, looseing ther fortunes rathr theai 


The Ejected of 1662 

hazardeing ther fortunes and lives, ther haveing been such litle- 
recompense & greate neglect of them for formr service. The Lord- 
direct Yor Lorp & both houses, the spirit of the lord rest uppon you,, 
the spirit of wisedome & undrstanding the spirit of consell & might, 
the spirit of knoweledge & the feare of the Lord- I desire pdon for 
my boldnes, I confesse the love of Christ Constrayneth me, the Lord 
blesse Yor Lorp wth Yor Right Noble Lady & sweete children 
I rest 

Yor Lorps most humble Servant in the 

Lord Jesus 
Kendal the 15th of March 1646 Henrie Masy 

[End :] 15th IMarch 1646 Mr Masys 
letter to my Ld about Mr. Antropass 

Right Honble 

It was longe since 1 troubled Yor Lorp wth my lines. I am bold 
at psent to certify Yor Lorp of some pticulars — some concearneing 
myselfe some the church of God. for myselfe aboute a month since 
Mr Sheriffe Branthwaite wrote to me as from Yor Lorp in wch lettr- 
was desired that I would forbeare the 801i in his hands (payable to 
me at Whitstid last) untill a fortnight aftr martintide next. I 
returned him my answer vry willing to do it or any othr service to 
Yor Lorp for the publicke. I make bold to acquaynte Yor Lorp that 
aboute 2 monethes since or countrymen rose in a warlike manr & came 
to Kendall & apprehend the Comittee (sitting in ther usuall place) & 
comitted them to prison in an Arch malignants house & that being 
done they dealt the same wth me where we were kept wth watch & 
guard from one evening to anothr close prisoners. I suppose the 
Comittee do purpose to certify the pliament of these passages. I 
observe it often here aboute Kendall that many honest men's daughtrs 
are stollen & niarryed to odd fellowes in a clandestine way at midnight 
& the like wch is a greate heart breaking to pents [parents^ & othr 
frieinds. Honable Lord we here (& it seemes a truth) that divers some 
that knowe us & othrs that ar but strangrs ar ready to complayne (to 
pliament or assembly or both) agaynst some of the best friends (in 
there qualification) that evr the pliament had in these ptes & I 
confesse I admire to here of it, that Yor Lorp wilbe so easily carryed 
away from Yor best friends I name none, only this pserve us & we 
shall pserve Yor Lorp. We want some Government (in Christs way) 
for the Church of this Country. Right Honable it will not be 
seasonable (as I here is intended) to seaid men of gifts (not ministers) 
to preach in this Kingdome, its thought may be tending to settlement 
of peace, I psume it will prove the contrary, the vry heresay of such 
men is odious to the pphane & a greate griefe to the godly wise. I 
here much of liberty of Conscience, I confesse never fynd any ground 
of it in Scripture nor any authenticke author tendernes cf Consc. is- 



pleaded for, I graunt it wth this limitation, men that ar tendr should 
not be punished, but free but not liberty to vent and broache errours 
if this should be graunted then more care of Conscience should be 
had of those that dishonour God by ther errours then of those that 
grieve to se God's truth neglected. Noble Lord let the Church of 
Christ be speceally lookt unto, it hath beene neglected, till Christ be 
exalted & triimiph, let not men thinke to stand. I pray for Yor Lorp- 
& if publicke pceeding be for God I desire a blessing on it, if not 
it will not stand, pdon my boldnes 

I rest 
Kendall the 18th of Octobr Yor Lorp's most faythfuU Servant 

1647. Henrie Masy 

Right Honble 

I psume an Ordr or Ordinance (from pliamentary powr) is late come 
downe into Combrland concearneing plurallities whereuppon some 
ministrs in that County resigned one of ther liveings & Mr Sharpies 
(whom Yor Lorp psented to Crogling) has by Comand of that ordr 
resigned Crogling to this bearer Mr Musgrave Sleddall, there being as 
yet no othr way of resignation established by the Honble pliament, 
& on this resignation he is bold to addresse himselfe to Yor Lorp, 
earnestly desireing Yor Lorp to give him a psentation, & I am ovr 
bold vrth. Yor Lorp to desire the same in his behalfe Mr. Sheriffe 
Branthwaite's lettr (as he writes to me) is to the same effect : the 
testimonialls that Mr. Sledall can shewe Yor Lorp from some of the 
gentry and ministrs of Combrland will speake for him, & I hope will 
be satisfactory — -for my pt I can say much for this Mr Sledall & have 
knowne him longe, both in. Oxford & Country, for his honest carriage, 
abillities for the ministry & his pfitableness in his ministry, it is well 
knowne & approved of of all pious & conscientious men, ministrs & 
others & I doubt not but he will be able to approve himselfe to Yor 
Lorp or to any that Yor Lorp shall appoynt to try him. I psume Yor 
Noble favour in psenting him shall prove a greate comfort to Yor 
Lorp & to the poore soules of the place so that Yor Lorp shall 
nevr have cause to repent of this act but rathr many thankes will be 
rendred to God & Yor Lorp that such a ministr is sett ovr that flocke 
that God may have glory & soules saved. I could write much more 
in this younge man's behalfe but I hope this will suffice & that God 
will ordr Yor Lorp's heart to or [our] desired ends wth my hearty 
prayrs to thalmighty for Yor Lorp & all Yor greate & publike imploy- 
ments, I desire pdon & shall rest 

Yor Lorps evr faythfuU Servant in the Lord Jesus 
Kendall the 3rd of Novembr Henrie Masy 

[End :] 3 Nov. 1647 Mr Masy to mee 

about Mr Musgrave Sleddall to be 

minister att Croglin To the Right &c Clarkenwell. 

914 The Ejected of 1662 

Right Honble 

Mr Rogr Bateman (uppon his retume from London this last weeke) 
willed me from Yor Lorp to send Yor Lcrp a full & clears relation 
concearneing Henry Ffletcher his being apphended & imprisonment, 
when he came 4 or 5 yeares since wth a Comissioai for settleing the 
militia in or County of Westmrland & Yor Lorp wishes me to it in 
regard of divrs coniplaynents agaynst me conceameing that mattr as 
if I were the man that discovred him & hindred the desires & 
endeavours of pliament agaynst the advrse ptie I have often heard of 
the complaynts & of Yor Lorp's vindication, for wch & many othr Yor 
Lorp's favours I most humbly thanke Yor Lorp & shall dayly prayse 
God, & pray for so Honble a Patrote. Yor Lorp hath done nothing 
(though an high favour to my poore selfe) that shall evr cause 
repentance : the full & sincere relation I am bold to psent to Yor 
Lorp & leave my selfe to Yor Lorp's wise & pious censure. 

1. The Somr before assoone as the ppositions for sending in & 
lending monies for the use of the pliament or publike safety I moved 
some able friends to do some thing that way & told them I should 
do it, but men were affrayde & I could gett none to ioyne wth me 
notwthstanding I psently sent to that Noble gentlewoman Mrs 
<TOodwine to opeai a truncke I had in her custody & lay in. 60li for me 
wch was donne accordingly. 

2. At begininge of Michaelmas terme following Henry Ffletcher (in 
Jiis passage toward London) came into my house & asked me whether 
I had any busycnes to London, & his kinde importunity was such that 
I desired him to se Mrs. Goodwine wth a remembrance of my 
service, he spoke of a Comission, I told hiin I knewe not the way, & 
besides I knewe him [word not deciphered] of braynes to carry on 
such a busynes. 

3. Aboute the midst of this terme I heard of a lettr or two he sent 
to me wch were intercepted ethr at Neweworke or Nottingham by 
the Earle of Newcastle & the lettrs relateing to me they were sent 
to Sr Phill, Musgrave the Comandr in chief e undr him wth a warrant 
to apprehend & imprisone me wch was done on a Wintr Satturday 
night & no entreaty would serve till Monday following, that I might 
have librty on the Lord's Day for my ministry. At length I had 
choice of three thinges ethr imprisonment or a guard aboute my house, 
or 2 sufficient sureties to bring me to Sr Phillip when he should call 
for me I chose the last & gott sureties & in this condition I continued 
till ffebruary following almost to the end of it. 

4. Aboute the 20t of Decembr the same yeare Henry Ffletcher wth 
2 others came towards or Country at Kighly or thereabouts they 
shewed & vaunted of the Comission they had obteyned, the sound of 
that came to the Comissionrs of Array 6 or 7 dayes before themselves 
came, aboute the 24th or 25th of that instant Decembr they came 

Kendal 915 

through Sedbure & made the busynes & themselves so much knowne 
there that some of that towne sent to Comissionrs of Array lyeing 
then in Kendall many dayes togethr to write for him & gave them 
notice that aboute 2 of the clocke in aftrnoone Ffletcher wth 2 in 
company were come towards Kendall hereuppon watch & searching^ 
was then for Ftietcher & his company. 

5. Aboute sex at night I receaved a lettr from him as told me he 
was then come to his wives Mothrs house in Kendall parke lesse- 
then a mile from or towne at the receipt of the lettr (only I hoped 
well of the messengr) I doubted it might be a snare layd by Comis- 
sionrs of Array to entrappe me I was at a stand, yet in short tyme I 
lookt to God in it & wthall speede sent backe the messengr that 
brought me the lettr to wish him & his company to leave ther quarters 
& rine out of the County (wch they might soone have done) ffor the 
Comissionrs haveing notice of his comeing towards Kendall would 
easyly guessed of his mothrs house the messengr wch I sent was wth 
him in lesse then a quartr of an houre, but as I heard aftrwards they 
neglected mye notice & admonition & fell to drinkeing. 

6. I doubted lest the first messengr might be slacke, I sent anothr 
but he could not passe the bridges at or townes ends for watch wa& 
sett at evry passage out of or towne to pvent any notice to be given 
him & I psuaded this second messengr to wade through or Kent 
rivr, but durst not do it for dangr of his health if not his life. 

7. After this I heard Ffletcher's wife was wth the Comissionrs of 
Array that night petitioning for her husband's librty to come home, 
she not yet knoweing her husband to be so meere, & my selfe hereing 
of her being at signe of the Flax wth the Comissionr went to the 
house wth a friend of myne true & trusty to the cause of pliament 
& gott her into anothr roome & my friend & my self told her that 
her husband was at her mothrs house & told her how I had sent & 
whom yet wished her to hasten home lest ther might be any misse 
in that messengrs. she thankt me & ran homeward but the strange 
watch being sett she was taken & brought backe agayne (by this tyme 
it was ten a clock at night) to Comissionrs of Array, who examined 
her why she pted from them so suddenly she told them she heard 
her husband was at her mothrs house & she was hasteneing to him to 
acquaynte him that they were sending out warrants (& iaideede that 
was the Comissionrs worke that eveing) to apprehend him. the 
Comissionrs inquired of her how she knewe her husband there — she 
answered Mr Masy told me, I was called for & asked the question & 
I answered I heard he came through Sedbure that day they replyed 
they heard the same & urged me furthr that told his wife (as before) 
that he was at his mothrs house. I answered I heard so. & thereuppon 
I was kept close in Comissionrs Chambr till they were ready to send 
a pty of horse to apprehend him. 


The Ejected of 1662 

8. After all this when the clock stroke & chimes went twelve at 
night the Comissionrs wth a ptie of horse rode to Ffletchers mothr in 
lawes house & ther found them as the Amalekites drinkeing & danoe- 
ing & so apprehended him & his 2 companions — all the pmisses ar 
true. I desire Yor Lorp to iudge who discovred Ffletcher & whethr 
I was not his speaciall friend to convey him from out of reatch from 
■6 o Clocke when I first gave him notice to speede away to 12 a 
clocke Yor Lorp can guesse how far he might have beene before 
takeing or by removeing to some othr place. I will not trouble Yor 
Lorp wth the impossibility of effecting his purpose & executeing his 
Comission if he had come safely — for I dare say all that were 
nominated in his Comission were ioyned to tothr ptie or were undr 
ther power, besides this when Ffletcher & his company were taken & 
rifled they had but 6 or 7s amongst them all. I am bold to acquaynte 
Yor Lorp wth these (as I could Many more) pticulars to lett Yr Lorp 
fully knowe (that howevr playntifes may speake loude & make a greate 
;SOund of a greate hindrance) that nothing could likely be donne by 
him For the pliaments besides this aftr Ffletcher by God's pvidence 
escaped out of Appleby prison, his 2 Companions turned to & served 
undr the enemies. 

All this tyme was I undr sureties till Ffebruary toward the end & 
aftr one month an oath was offred to me to subscribe it, I denyed 
it & was kept close priaoner 3 or 4 houres. I pceaved that Kendall 
was no safety for me for the Comissionrs of Array & othr Comissionrs 
dealt most iniuriously wth me & all othr honestly affected in or towne 
& country. Assoone as I could gett (wch was longe first) my sureties 
loosed I desired the Lord to direct me, I could not preach in quiet 
but burdened dayly & complayned of the Lord cast me on Edinburge 
where I was 16 monethes & lost all my meanes at Kendall chooseing 
rathr to be undone at liberty than undone in prison for the last was the 
Ayme of the enemie. After 4 or 5 monethes of my being at Edenburgh 
the Scotch Army was ppareing for England, but they listed vry 
slowely & report was want of supply of monies from England & 
monies in England at that tyme (as it seemed) being not ovr plenty I 
went to Mr. Marshall (who was with Sr. Will. Ermine & the rest 
Commissionrs at Edenburgh), & told him I had lOOli in London wch I 
would willingly cast into the publike, evry drop addes something he 
reioyced at it, & I sent a lettr by him to Noble Mris Goodwine to 
that purpose wch was donne. Yor Lorp knowes this to be true : 
aboute ending of Octobr following I returned to Kendall. I came 
thithr on thorsday & twesday aftr the Skiptonrs came to or towne & 
sought oftener in my house for me then for any, wch they would not 
have done if I had beene their friend, but blessed be God I escaped 
ther cruelty. I feare I have troubled Yor Lorp too longe I shall but 
adde a little more to the truthes formrly sett downe. I knowe Yor 
Lorp can clearely se through this whole busynes. 

Kendal 9 1 7 

If I had not beene (to my powr) a constant friend to the pliament I 
should not have cast in my mite of monies for help. 

2ly I should not have beene so care full to pserve Henry Ffletcher 
by sending resending to him as I did. 3rdly I should not have neede 
to have fled into Scotland (where if the lord had not mercifully 
pvided for me, my wife & 2 children we should have pished for 
want). 4thly I would nevr escaped the cruelty of Skiptonrs who 
stadily sought af tr me & I ad this to the rest af tr my returne home & 
Ffletcher's dwelling amongst us he nor his wife nevr charged me wth 
any unkindnes but rathr thanked me for my care in sending to him as 
above mentioned & blese God that it was well with me & did acknow- 
ledge his owne carelessness ( ?) of himself & his sorrowe that his lettrs 
directed to me & intercepted should drowe so much trouble uppon me 
& thus as longe as he lived we lived comfortably together. I hope 
Yor Lorp will be satis fyed & if jMusgrave & Crakenthrop who ar (as I 
here informers) should be suffred to suggest such mattrs they ar able 
to sett stones togethr by the mores ( ?). Ycr Lorp will receave a 
certificate concearneing Mr Sherrifes placeing one Thom. Kilner Clarke 
of the peace, its conceaved that one Robt Harrison of Kendall is the 
authour of the Complaynt, if it come to Yor Lorp all honest & well 
affected to pliament can testify that Harrison is a stinking malignant, 
from the very begining of these troubles & so continues & can 
likewise testify for Kilner that he hath beene evr & is (for ought any 
in or towne & county knowe) a vry entire man for pliament. Right 
Noble Lord all that is Complayned of my selfe & knowe it pceedes out 
of no ground of truth on the playntifes side unlesse the divell be 
angry with my ministry in these ptes & he rageth & rayseth up 
informants agaynst me I blesse god I am cleare in conscience from 
any imputation of the most malignant tounges- I have beene often 
questioned by episcopall wigs, but nevr (till now) by any ptendr to 
religion, if God be wth me I knowe none can hurt me I have pleaded 
longe for myself, yet I say though I knowe nothing by myself yet 
am not I thereby iustified. Thus with my humble thankes to Yor 
Lorp & wth my prayrs for Yor & Yor Lorp's Xoble Lady 

I rest 
Yor Lorp's most faythfuU servant m the Lord Jesus 
Henrie Masy 
Kendall this 18th of December 1647. 
[Endorsed and addressed as usual.] 

Right Honrable 

This last friday I receaved a lettr from onS Mr. Allan, one of the 
sureties for Mr. Hall (my pdecessor) for payment of first fruites in 
that office, wch indeede I am to discharge as formerly I acquaynted 
Yor Lorp, & concearneing the 2 bonds in that first fruites office Yor 
Lorp (I humbly thanke Yor Lorp) gote an Ordr to suspend payment & 
trouble, but his lettr was vry formidable & full of threates he hath 

9i8 The Ejected of 1662 

beene as he writes at the office & I feare hath desired that he & the- 
othr surety Mr Austen may be sued & so they suddenly to sue me. 
I should be unwilling to be troubled & espeacially when I canot pay 
it : I am bold therefore to entreate Yor Lorp to take occasion 
to speake in my behalfe in my heareing that no suite may pceede but 
that Yor Lorp would be pleased (I knowe one word of Yor Lorp's or 
of any Yor Lorp will imploy can do it) to take up the 2 bonds 
& cancell them, its a small mattr though greate in respect of my selfe, 
I beseech Yor Lorp say Yor word & call for the bonds. I confesse I 
stand obliged to Yor Lorp for many Noble favours & therefore this 
my prayr shall be ever for Yor Lorp & I shall remayne 

Yor Lorp's most faythfuU Servant in the Lord 
Kendall This 17 of Jan. 1647. Henrie Masy. 

Right Honble 

This bearer Willia Garnet is imployed & sent up to London tc 
sollicite some busynes for the Comittee here in Westmrland conceaming 
wronges done them & others by the Country violence whyles they 
were psecuting the publike service Comanded by Ordinance of 
pliament, wch I referre to a petition from the Comittee & relation of 
this bearer other mattrs also is he imployed in Concearneing the 
publike. I am therefore bold (this bearer being a strangr to Yor 
Lorp) to certify Yor Lorp in his behalfe, that from beginning of 
these troubles he hath evr beene (& so continues) exceedeing faythfull 
to the pliament & hath served them agaynst the enemie beareing & 
pformeing the office of a Capteyne of a stoute Company wherein he 
hath beene very active hath done much & suffered much & I am bold 
to entreate Yor Lorp to direct him & furthr him in any his lawfull 
desires. I knowe Yor Lorp will fynd him vry pious & honest & his 
desires & endeavours trending to Honour of Pliament & weale of the 
well affected amongst us. Thus craveing pdon wth hvunble thankes 
to Yor Lorp for Yor many Noble favours & wth my dayly prayrs 
for Yor Lorp 

I rest 
Yor Lorps most humble Servant in the Lord Jesus 
Kendall this 24th Jan 1647 Henrie Masy. 

Right Honble 

This last Saturday I receaved a lettr from Mr. Strickland Ministr 
& my good friend wherein he certifyed me that an Ordr is obteyned 
from the Comittee of Revenue for the discharge of arreares of first 
fruites, he writes it was Graunted the 6th of March last undr the 
hands of some Lords & othr gentlemen, & Yor Lorp is one that 
graunted it wth others, the Ordr is not sent to me. this vry day I 
had a thundreing lettr from one of the sureties in the bonds lyeing 
in the first fruites office & threatens me with an extent to come 

Kendal 9 1 9 

uppon my poore vicaradge & it seemes the first fruites office psecutes 
the sureties wth much violence. I have seait to Mr Strickland (but I 
doubt he is not in London) that he exhibite tha Ordr to the office : 
my humble suite to Yor Lorp (though I confesse its not worthy 
Yor Lorp's thoughts) is that in this exigence & greate straite Yor 
Lorp would be pleased to seaid one of Yor servants to the office & 
cause a stay to be made of psecution untill the Ordr be shewed there, 
the carrier is nowe goeing from or [our] Kendall I canot enlarge but 
only this if Yor Lorp please to send it must be wth all speed. Thus 
craveing pdon for my boldnes pmiseing my prayrs for Yor Lorp 
I rest 

Yor Lorp's most humble Servant in the Lord Jesus 
Kendall this 29th of Henri* Masy 

March 1647. 

Right Honble Lord 

On friday last I receaved Yor Lorp's lettr of the 29th of Ffeb (for 
wch & all othr Yor Noble favours I humbly thanke you) wherein 
Yor Lorp willed Mr. Benson & my selfe to repayre to London Mr. 
Benson doth purpose (Gk)d willing) to waite cm Yor Lorp shortly aftr; 
Eastr for my selfe it hath pleased God to afflict me wth extremity of 
sicknes, & the same hand that wounded me hath in greate measure 
healed me I blesse the Author of life & health for both, the Lord 
sancetifye it unto me whereuppon I desire Yor Lorp to excuse me 
for not comeing so soone as I desire for though (I blesse thalmighty) 
I am in a good disposition & forwadnes to healthward yet I dare not 
fiuddeynly undrtake a London ioumey, but pleasing God towards 
Whitesontide (I hope if strength) I shall waite on Yor Lorp. in 
the interim I humbly desire Yor Lorp to have an ey to the 
[one or two words over the top not decipheredj first fruites office 
conceameinge Mr Hall's first fruites for wch I in conscience stand 
engaged, I had vry lately a thundring lettr from Mr Allan one 
of the sureties for Mr Hall that unlesse this next tearme the monie 
be payd into the office 1 must expect a storme. I desire therefore 
Yor Lorp (I shall not cease to trouble you but pdon I hope for) that 
if Yor Lorp's great imployment will pmitt that you speake wth the 
gentlemen of that office that nothing may issue out agaynst me Yor 
Lorp's formr care of this pticular emboldens me humbly to entreate 
Yor Lorp's care for the future. Right Honble Lord Aboute fornight 
since I sent to Yor Lorp humbly desireing Yor Lorp (ethr by Yor 
self or Sr Henry Vane or by whom Yor Lorp please) to send to the 
Comittee of Durham that they take care of payment of my augmentation 
out of the Deane & Chapt Land the Some of 50 li p ann wch Yor Ld 
gott for me the 22th of Aprill next two yeares (Yor past favours 
have beene to me beyond expression) but as yet nevr a peny payd : 
this aftrnoone (wch psuaded me to trouble Yor Lorp in the same 


920 The Ejected of 1662 

busynes) I here by one that is an agent for that Comittee a Durham 
man that all the Augmentations out of lands aforesayd ar by the 
Lords house Graunted to one Mr. Swart ( ?) (sometimes prebend of 
Durham) to recovr his greate & longes(?) wch deprive many minstrs 
thereabouts of meanes to live & many Congregations of the meanes of 
spiritual life, & amongst the rest myne is gone, but I imdrstand the 
Comittee purpose to petition the Right Honble house of lords for a 
remedy : & howevr matters goe yet (if Yor Lorp please) ther may be 
some psent help for me & myne arreares of 2 yeares, & I humbly 
desire Yor Lorp to take notice of it & afford Yor Noble favour (as 
evr you have done) & I doubt not but myne arreares may be payd 
for psent. My Noble Lorp there is one Mr. Isaacke Gilpin (Clarke 
of Durham Comittee) himself told me (& wisht me to use my best 
friends in it) that he hath in his hands 16011 the rent of the Deanes 
parke called beare parke, & out of that he doubts not but myne 
arreares may be payd, if Yor Lorp please to ordr it, I humbly 
desire Yor Lorp to take Knoweledge of this man & this rent in his 
hand, & that ( as I psume on Yor Lorp's word & willingness) myne 
arreares vrill be payd me by Mr Gilpine : thus craveing pdon I shall 
evr pray for Yor Lorp & Yor right Noble lady wth Yor sweete little 
ones & shall remayne 

Yor Lorp's most humble & faythfull servant 
Kendall This 20th of March Henrie Masy 

1647 Endorsed as usual. 

Right Honrable 

On the 22 of Aprill 1646 I had by Yor Lorp's meanes an augmentation 
of 50 li p ann Graunted by the Comittee of plundred ministrs, wch in 
Aprill next will be 2 compleate yeares, & since that tyme I nevr 
receaved one peny from the Comittee of Durham, for it was allowed 
out of the Deane & Chapter land of that Cathedrall. I have heard 
from thence sometymes wth hopes of receaveing, but as yet none 
comes, the Ordr was well accepted & entred by the Durham Comittee, 
but no payement I have forebome to trouble Yor Lorp in hopes of 
monies, but at psent I am bold to entreate Yor Lorp (amongst Yor 
greate imployments) to thinke of some course, ethr Yor Lorp or by 
Sr Henry Vane to send to that Noble gentleman Sr George Vane his 
brother or any othr of the Comittee, or to all of the Comittee, but 
I leave all to Yor Lorp's wisedome and as Yor Noble favour obteyned 
it so the same may pcure it, & continue it to me thus craveing pdon 
for my boldnes in this & many othr pticulars I shall constantly pray 
for Yor Lorp & shall nevr fayle to be 

Yor Lorp's most humble servant in the Lord Jesus 
while I remayne 
Kendall this 6th Henrie Masy. 

of March 1647. 

Kendal 921 

Right Honble 

I receaved Yor Lorp's lettr of the 4th of Aprill. I humbly thanke 
Yor Lorp for Noble favours hertofore and furthr expressed in that 
lettr. Yor Lorp willed me to write where Mr Allan one of Mr Hall's 
sureties may be found, he lives' in friday-streete of the signe of the 
Barge, vry lowe downe in that streete. I doubt not (if Yor Lorp 
please to send for him & to speake wth the gentleman in first fruites 
office) but pceedings agaynst may easyly be stayed. At my comeing 
to London (wch I hope the Lord will shortly enable me) I shall petition 
the Comittee (but as Yor Lorp shall advise me, I pceave Yor Lorp 
is one of them) that the bonds may be taken up wthout payment of 
the monies, for good reason may be shewed, first half a yeare before 
it came due & payeable or troubles in & aboute Kendall were such by 
the King's ptee, that no dues could be gotte, nay not demanded of 
the pishioners & aftr that I was soone enforced to fly to Edenburgh 
where I continued 16 monthes for safety, & all that tyme a Chaplayne 
of the Earle of Newcastle was sett into the Vicaradge of Kendall, & 
tooke all the pfitts. & aftr my retume wch was in October, I gotte 
not one peny till 6 monethes after & it seemes vry reasonable (that 
the enemies hindring the pfitts & takeing the pfitts from me, such as 
should have satisfyed the bondes) that the bonds should be freely 
cancelled : & if (notwithstanding the losses susteyned by the enemies) 
the monies must needes be payd, I hope the Interest of the 80li wch 
yet lies for the pliament service (since the tyme I layd it in) will 
(if not fully, yet well nigh) satisfye the bonds But I hope by Yor 
Lorp's Noble favour it may be othrwise ordred but at my comeing 
to London I shall make bold to advise wth Yor Lorp aboute it. Yor 
Lorp writte of secureing the monies (by doubling them) on Bpp lands 
& Yor Lorp writt-e me to certify my mynde, whethr I will goe that 
way : truely my Lord I canot do it, but I shall at my comeing up 
rathr endeavour to gett my monies payd me, for its high tyme for 
me to pvide some small portion for my poore wife & children. 
Yor Lorp willed me to send a coppy of myne ordr for 501i p ann out 
of Durham wch I have done in this enclosed paper. I desire Yor 
Lorp (as you Nobly pmise) to take care of it theres 2 fifty poundes 
due to me this 22nd of this instant Aprill. Thus hoping Yor Lorp 
will excuse me in that I canot doe & that Yor Lorp will be pleased 
to take care & help me in that wch may be done & I shall evr pray 
for Yor Lorp & rest 

Henrie Masy. 
Kendall this 17th of Aprill 1648. 

[Addressed and Endorsed as usual.] 

Right Honble 

I receaved Yor Lorp's lettr by this last post. I humbly thanke 
Yor Lorp for Yor Noble expressions of care & fatherly love to me 

92 2 The Ejected of 1662 

nowe & evr heretofore in the close of the lettr Yor Lorp willed me to 
write what I here & how the affayres of Westmrland ar, by this I 
doubt whethr Yor Lorp receaved my lettr by the last post comeing to 
London for therein I mentioned all I then had heard how 80 
houses of Yor Lorp's tenants were burnt by the enemie, but where 
I knows not. I wrote likewise of insolence & plundring carriage of 
the enemies in ther comeing to kendall & at ther returne out of 
Lancashire aftr the rout«ing of them (a miraculous mercy it was 
blessed be God) in that County : they spoyled all they could in & 
about or towne of Kendall. I wrote some pticulars how they dealt 
with my house, & aU thinges in it they have not left the value of a 
peny, & all my bookes & notes carried away by them, my friends 
there my daughters & servants could not save one, all or best friends 
were tied & othrs wth whom formrly we lived peaceable would not 
entrteyne any books of myne, feareing (for so they sayd) least 
themselves should fare the worse : if any of my bookes wsrs found wth 
them so that all is plundred : besides I have a sone in lawe that had in 
my house 3 or 4 purses some his owne monies, & some othr men's one 
purse wherin was 80li is found & carried away & what is become of 
the rest we here not as yet : I feare of* some monies of myne (wch is to 
be payd at micheltide next & some othrs) will be taken from me. its 
monie due for somr [Somer] pasture of Kine but as yet I heare not of it, 
the enemies some pte of them ar (as I here) in Kendall & they knows 
the tyme (for they ar my pishioners) of payment for the Cowe grasse 
& talke of it already, so that if they be not beaten out before 
micheltide, they will compeU such as should pay to pay it to thsm if 
they have not done it already : — My losse is greate & my selfe 
uttrly undone, I can account it already towards 50011 wth losses & 
cost since my banishment from Kendall & the enemie hath not only 
carried all away but spoyled my house, windowes dores & all utinseles, 
bookes & monies and they have raysed flatt to the ground some pte 
of the house & what els thsy have since done I here not ther malice 
hath gone farr agaynst me & myne, but I blesse God (the pservr of 
man) that hithrto ksept me from ther cruell hands. Right Honble 
the last weeke I made bold to signify the pmisses to Yor Lorp & 
wthall I himibly desired (& now likewise by this psent) that Yor 
Lorp when there shalbs opportunity be pleased to advise & direct me 
concearneing repations [reparations] I here of such pious intentions 
of the Honble pliamsnt that I ths poorest (yet evr the most cordiall 
friend to the pliament hoth in acting & suffring) may not be left 
naked. I humbly desire Yor Lorp to direct & help me for remedy. 
I heard yesterday that Mr. Sheriff Branthwayte is yet in Lancastr 
Castle for sheltr vry well & vry many in the Land. I wish that 
a Isttr be speedyly sent to the Aldrmen & Burgssses at Kendall, from 
the pliament or from Yor Lorp (I knowe that will do it if Yor Lorp 
be pleased to write) that they elect agayne Thom Sandes maior of or 

Kendal 923 

towne this last yeare he hath not served his tyme half out, but was 
enforced to Qy & hath suffred much, if ther shalbe librty to choose 
a maior in that towne at Michaltide the ordinary tyme of election, I 
desire (if Yor Lorp thinke fitt) that Yor Lorp write to the towne to 
that purpose that Mr Sandes be Chosen agayne I am bold to desire 
this of Yor Lorp because I know the spirits of the man that aftr 
this storme, if a calme come to bears office, he will be more stoute & 
ready & that with piety & wisdome I hope for this affliction hath 
scholed him & nowe he sees more then evr he thought could be in 
naughty men, more ready to do good service for the towne & for 
publike honour of pliament then any othr : if Yor Lorp please to 
write it must be at Kendall before Mooiday seavennight next if Yor 
Lorp send Yor Lettr to me at Chestr by the next post I shall 
receave it on next tuesday night & shall God willing send it by a spall 
messengr to Kendall & that seasonably for the purpose. I leave all to 
Yor Lorp's wisest considration praying the greate God of heaven & 
earth to blesse you wth Yor Noble Lady & Yors & to blesse You in 
all Yor greate publike imployments this shall be dayly prayr of 

Yor Lorp's poore banished & most faythful servant in the 

Lord Jesus 
Chestr this 16th of Henrie Masy. 

Sept 1648. 

[The following is added :] 

I desire Yor Lorp to take notice that I alwayes 
pay the post here in Chestr both when I send 
& when I receave lettrs. I knowe it belonges 
to me to be done but I write this lest Yor Lorp 
be troubled, & that there be not takeing twice pay 
for lettrs I pray leave that to me, for I have 

& shall continue to do it, I humbly thank Yor Lorp that You vouchsafe 
me favour to receave my lettrs 
& send to me in Yor greate importent publike 
[End.,] Mr Masey to mee 

1 about the mayor of Kendal to bee elected 

2 his losses 

3 payment of lettrs. 

Right Honble 

I humbly thanke Yor Lorp for Yor many Noble favours & for 
them continued as Yor Lorp's lettr of 31st of Octobr (receaved by 
this last post) importes for Yor Lorp's advertisements & wise cautions 
I shall God willing make a thankefull use of them, for any dishonring 
of them (I psume its meant of the Noble pliament or the valiant & 


The Ejected of 1662 

successfull army or both) to whom the Kingdome oweth so much, be 
it farre from my thoughts, if any thing hath beene spoken in private 
conference wch some may be apt to catch at & wrest it wth aggravation 
to make up a complaynt, I must say wth the psalmist, if the Lord 
should marke all what any doth amisse who were able to stand, but 
sure I am I nevr have cast any aspsion' on the one or the othr, but 
in publike & private (as all the ministrs in this Citty can witnes) have 
& do, on all occasions spoken to ther everlasting honour & renowne & 
that wch I have done & suffred from first to last in that case will 
plead for me wth any rationall men : since Whitson day last ruineing 
my house plundring of all my goods & bookes with 80 li of my son in 
lawes by the enemies. I have lost 500li wch I could have pserved or 
kept if my hearty affections had not beene wth God's cause whatsoever 
information hath come to Yor Lorp I hope Yor Lorp will not be 
ovr credulous. I doubt not but the profe of affection & fidelity shall 
appeare to any that is yet unsatisfyed, how my cariage & courses have 
beene and shalbe to all that wish well to the Kingdome of the Lord 
Jesus. I had many invitations & 2 serall ptections sent me from the 
greatest enemies at Kendall at my first flight from thence this last 
Somer but nothing could pvayle to psuade my retume & I am sure 
my flyeing drewe aftr from Kendall & the Country aboute it at least 
200 or 300 honest men who have since done vry good service undr 
Noble Lieutenant Genrall Cromwell : & this I did endeavour to the 
utmost of my powr to advance the cause of Christ. I knowe the 
enemie went on ther old rotten principles & therefore we went undr 
ptection of God & his worthy & evr honred Instruments. At my first 
Comeijig to the Citty of Chestr aboute the ending of June last (being 
indeede invited thithr by unexpected pvidence) I will not say I had 
not a ragge to my backe for I had nothing els but ragges. I found 
many worthy friends in the Citty & some of anothr opnion whom 
I entirely loved layeing aside all such differences I endeavoured to 
close in wth them & had hopes of pitty & compassion (being in a 
banished conditioin) but I found Contrary & I must confesse T nevr 
mett wth such course dealing since I knewe (if I do knowe) what 
civillity & Morrall carriage is, hence the worst is made of any thinge 
I speake or doe — opposition I call it not, but disturbance in or 
Ministrs we have found in this Citty & threates to be pluckt out 
of the pulpite but I confesse I nevr beleeve it. I shall not trouble 
Yor Lorp furthr only this, I have greatest cause to complayne but 
I desire it not (I was yet nevr of a turbulent & litigious spirit) but 
I forbeare : when God shall give me leave & opportunity to se Yor 
Lorp in London I shall acquaynte Yor Lorp in the interim I desire 
Yor Lorp & all honest friends to suspend Yor iudgement & reteyne 
Yor good opinions of me & to help in all lawefuU acts & to 
stand in defence agaynst all cavills & calumnies. I have beene putt 
in mynd to endeavour for repations some friends here in Chestr 

Kendal 925 

psuade me that it is seasonable. I am bold to entreate Yor Lorp to 
advise me & when it may be opportune tyme & what will be 
the method. I desire Yor Lor pdon my boldnes & continue Yor 
Noble favours & I shall continue my thankefulnes & prayrs to 
Gcd for Yor Lorp wth Yor Right Noble Lady & sweete pledges of 
his love 

I remayne 

Yor Lorp's most humble & faythfuU Servant 
in the Lord Jesus 
Henrie Masy. 

Chestr this 4th Novembr 1648 

To the Right Honble Lord Wharton at his house in 

these d.d. 

in London 

[End :] Mr. Masy to mee in vindication of himselfe. 

This is the last of the Masy Letters; but to them may 
be appended the following, which should be read along 
with the Letter on p. 886. 

Right Honble 

At my beinge at Preston this last weeke wth the Lancashire 
Comittee, I had information by some of my good friends and membrs 
of that Comittee. That the Comittee of Lancashire beinge desirous to 
have the pbate of Wills & grauntinge of Administrations for the whole 
County of Lancaster setled & that upon one main, had lately sent upp 
to the membrs of the Parliament for theire County to pcure them a 
Comission from the pliament for the pbacon of Wills & graunting of 
Adns wthin the sd County unto one Jonas Moore, wherein if they 
should pvaile It would take from mee two parts of my imployment 
and pfitts. Now my humble suite to Yor Honor is That in regard my 
former imployment hath beene that way, and for that I have an 
estate of freehold therein as Yor Lorp may pceive by the inclosed 
beinge true copies of the originalls and conceive my selfe to have 
done the pliament as much service in my poore abilities as any other 
of my familie have done in these parts I may not be piudiced in my 
right. But that my interest may be the authoritie of the pliament be 
continued till such tyme as the whole frame of Government concerning 
those pceedings be altred when I shaJl not doubt but by Yor Honour's 
good assistance I shall either have what now I enioy continued or 
otherwise be pvided for in some reasonable way. I have noe friend 
I can soe much depend upon as Yor Lpp and therefore am bould 


The Ejected of 1662 

uppon all occasions that conceme me to addresse my selfe to you. I 
shall crave pdon for my bouldnes And to subscribe my- selfe 

Yor Honour's most obliged Servant 
Kendall, 13 April 1646 GER. BENSON. 

I shall humble crave leave to 
add that Jonas Moore nor any 
other pson other then from me 

have any title or right to Ffor the Right Honble Phillipp 

the aforesaid Deaneries Lord Wharton 



[End :] 13 Aprill 1646 

Coll. Benson to niee about one Jonas Moore gettihg his pt of Probate 

of Wills.' 

In coiijiinction with these should also be read the follow- 
ing from the State Papers : — 

By the Comittees of both Kingdomes, and his Excy the Earle of 
Leven Lo : Gen of the Scottish Army now in the service of the 
Parliamt of England. 

Att Newcastle 21. Aprill 1645 Upon the Delivery of a Paper this 
day unto us. by the hands of Gervase Benson, Mayor of Kendall, 
Major Thorn : Braithwaite, Mr. Sam. Knipe, Mr Hen Massie Minister 
of Kendall, Geo : Cocke, and Tobias Knipe, conteyning sundry 
grievajices ; laid downe in generall as grounds and Reasons of the 
late tumultuous Assembly of Sundry Inhabitants in the County of 
Westmerland, wch were delivered in charge to bee presented as 
abovesaid, by the said gentl : on behalfeof thepartyes soe Assembled; 
We desired perticulars, might bee Condiscended upon, and 
Accordingly some were presented, and it was alleadged, upon 
Examinacon more would bee produced by the Inhabitants aforesaid, 
unto wch some of the Scotch Officers then present retcrned Answear 
(wch was delivered to the Mayor of Kendall and the rest of his 
Company) setting forth that never any Complaynt of Wrongs or 
Injuryes from any of the Country men came to their knowledge, 
but they were ready to redresse it wch was acknowledged to bee true 
by those who presented the foresaid paper ; All wch being seriously 
taken into consideracon, by the Comittees of both Kingdomes and his 
Excy the Lo : Gen Leven, It is ordered that due Examinacon, shall 
bee taken, of the perticulars named, and all others whatsoever of 
that kinde, and upon sufficient proof e made upon the place where 

1. Rawl. MSS. Letters, 104, fol. 7. 

Kendal 927 

such ffacts have beene comitted, the partyes found guilty of any of 
the offences, shall be ymediately severely punished, according to Law 
and Justice ; And to the end the Inhabitants of Westmerland, may 
have noe coUourable pretence, to keepe in a Body togither as now 
they have done for some dayes by-paat, Wee hereby declare that noe 
Taxes or Cesses shall bee layd upon them, but what is or shall bee 
appoynted by the Parliamt or their Comittees, according to the 
power given them, and the Ordinances of both Houses of Parliamt 
And if upon this Assureance from Us, They shall every man depart 
quietly and peaceably home to their owne Howses, None of the 
Scotish Army shall molest or trouble them in quartering or sending 
partyes to demand any thing from them. 

Signed by the Warrant and in 
the name of the Comittees of both 
Kingdomes, and his Excy the 
Earle of Leven by 
leven Calander 

W. Ermyne. 

21 Aprill 1645. 

Copie of The Declaracon from the Committees of both Kingdomes 
and the Lord Generall to the people in Westmerland, yt were risen 
up in Armes there. ^ 


The Destempers of the people in Westmerland have beene so 
notorious Wee need say nothing of them. But those in Carlisle, have 
by sundry papers (some of wch Wee have scene) endeavoured to 
stirre up the Humors of the Discontented people in Westmerland, and 
Wee have Considered upon their grounds, and reasons (as they 
pretend) of the Comotion amongst them presented unto us by some 
of the Comittee of Westmerland, Unto wch an Answear is retorned, 
that in the judgmt of all rationall men, may give them satesfaction if 
they bee or [our] friends; But if they shall not bee therewth content 
Wee doubt not both of you, and all honest men will joyne with us to 
suppresse such intoUerable Insolencyes ; As allso that you will consider 
amongst yorselves, what you are able to doe, for the raysing and 
mainteyning of sufficient fforces, to keepe in the Garrison att Carlile 
(which if you can undertake to performe, the Scotish Jlorse may 
bee Drawne away from Carlile, out of those Countyes) and if you bee 
not able to doe it yor selves, what helpe or assistance you desire, 
eyther of Horse or ffoote from the Scotish Army and it will bee 

1. S. P. Dom. Car. i, vol. 507. 

928 The Ejected of 1662 


afforded you, provided that a way may bee laid downe, how they 
shall bee mainteyned, dureing that service, Wee desire yor perticular 
Answear to the matter cooiteyned in these Lres^ 

Signed in the name and by the warrt of the Comittees of both 
Kingdomes by 

Yor very loveing friends 

Leven Colander 

Newcastle 2Ist W. Armyne. 

Aprill 1645. 

To our worthy friends Coll. Sr. Wilfred Lawson, Coll. The. 
Cholmeley, Coll. Ja. Bellingham Coll : Edward Briggs, and the rest 
of the Comittees of Cumberland and Westmerland. 

Vera Copia exd. 

Wm. Kowe Seer. Com. 
Ha«t€, Haste. 

[End..] Lre from ye Ld : General and Comittees of both Kingdomes 
to ye Collonells and Comittees of Ctunbland and Westmerland about 
ye Seeje of Carlile.^ 

Henry Masy must have considerably modified his atti- 
tude toward Cromwell and his party after this time, for 
he took the Engagement on Jan. 20, 1650. Nothing 
further is heard of his son, who, as already intimated, 
failed to secure a living in this country and returned to 
the Barbadoes. The curtain falls also upon Henry Masy, 
senior ; but he died probably before 1653, and his Funeral 
Sermon was preached by his friend, William Cole. The 
Editors of the " Memoir of Ambrose Barnes " say: — 

In a catalogue of the most vendible Books in England &c. 1657 
is Mr. Cole, Newcastle ; David's destress in the loss of Jonathan, or 
an explication of David's mourning at the death of Jonathan, in a 
sermon upon 2 Sam. 1. 16. at the funeral of Mr Henry Massey, 
Minister of the Gospel of Jesus Christ at Kirby Kendell in West- 
moreland 12o. 2 

Unfortunately the Sermon bears no date, and all that is 
known about it is that it was published between the years 
1650 — 1655. The name of Masy does not appear in the 
"Annals of Kendal " (Nicholson) ; whilst in Nicolson and 
Burn the Incumbent list is very defective. 

1. S. P. Dom. Car. i, vol. 507. 

2. Surtees Society, vol. 50, p. 373. 

Kendal 929 

Thomas Walker, 1653 — . 

His approval by the Cromwellian Commissioners is 
given in the following document : — 

Newcastle upon 


By ye Comrs. March 31. 1653. 

Kendal. Whereas Mr. Tho. Walker hath addressed himselfe to us 
desiring to be approved for ye work of ye Ministry and upon tryall 
& exacon of his guifts before us by divers godly and able Ministers 
according to ye rule of ye Act of Parlt. is found fitt to preach ye 
Gospell of Jesus Christ & to be duely qualified & guifted for yt holy 
employmt. & hath given us satis faccon of his holy life & Conversacon 
& Conformity to ye psent Governmt. These are therefore by vertue 
of the power and authority to us given by ye Parlt. to appoint and 
constitute ye sayd Mr. Walker Minister of Kendall in ye County of 
Westmoreland & he is hereby appointed and Constituted Minister of 
Kendall aforesaid And for his support and Maintennce it is ordered 
yt ye tythes of Dribock and Crosbystones, Morland, Langhton fflack- 
brigge & Murton in lease from ye late Dean and Chapter of Carlile 
be setled upon the sayd Mr. Walker for encrease of his Maintennce 
and yt he be discharged of his Tenthes Soe (much as in us lies) and 
he is hereby vested in ye same and as Lawfully seised thereof to all 
intents and purposes as if he had been instituted and inducted accord- 
ing to any former Course of Lawe. 

Roger Bateman Tho. Lamplugh Hen. Horsley Hen. Ogle Tho. 
Craister Tho. Cholmley Lu. Rillingworth Jo. Ogle Jo. Archer Tho. 
Langhorne Cuth. Studholme Edward Winter. 


Anth Parsons.^ 

In the John Gilpin Tract,^ bearing date July 4, 1653, 
Walker appears as " J. Walker Pastor of Kendale " ; but 
that is a mistake for " T. Walker," 

The following documents carry Walker's ministry to 
within sight of 1656: — 


The Comrs appointed approve of Mr. Tho. Walker of Kendall in 
Com. Westmerland &c Dated at Whitehall ye 28th day of Sept. 
Anno 1654. 

Jo. Nye. Regr.3 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1006. 

2. Vide p. 128. 

3. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 968. 

930 The Ejected of 1662 

Kendall April 24. 1655. 

Applicax:on being made to these Trustees for continuing an Aug- 
mentacon to Mr. Thomas Walker Ministr of Kendale in ye County of 
Westmland Setled upon him by the Comrs for propagation of the 
Gospell in the fower Northeme Counties It is ordered that upon the 
said Mr. Walker his making the pnt Value of the said Living & the 
value of the Augmentacon by him claymed appeare The Trustees will 
take his desires into further Consideration. 

Jo. Pocock Ed Hopkins Jo. Humfrey Ed. Cressett Ri. Sydenham. 1 

Kendall. August 6. 1655. 

Whereas ye Comrs for ppagating ye Gospell in ye fower Northenne 
Counties of Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmorland & Durham 
by their ordr of ye 31st of March 1653 have setled Mr. Tho. Walker 
Minr of Kendall in ye County of Cumberland & for his Support and 
Mamtennce ordered him ye Tithes of Drybeck of ye value of one 
poimd eleaven shillinges & eight pence ye tithes of Newbystones of 
ye value of five poundes six shillinges & eight pence ye tithes of 
Morland of ye value of five poundes six shillinges & eight pence & 
ye tithes of Langton fHackbrigge & Murton of ye value of Five 
poundes Thirteen shillinges & fower pence All within ye County of 
Westmorland aforesaid It is ordered yt ye rents & pfits of ye said 
severall simies yearely be from time to time Continued & paid vmto 
ye said Mr. Tho. Walker approved according to ye Ordinance for 
appbacon of publique preachers for such time as he shall Continue 
Minister of ye said place or till further ordr of ye said Trustees Ye 
said to be accompted from his last receipt And Mr. Edmund Branth- 
waite Receivr is hereby appointed & authorized to pay ye same unto 
him from time to time Accordingly. 

Jo. Thorowgood Edw. Cressett Jo. Pocock Ri Sydenham Ri. Yong.* 

Kendall Oct. 18. 1655. 

The Comrs for ppagating ye Gospell in ye fower Northeme Counties 
having by their ordr of ye 21st of March 1653 Graunted unto Mr. 
Tho. Walker Minr of Kendall in ye County of Westmorland ye Tithes 
of Drybeck in ye said County menconed by ye said ordr to bee of 
ye value of one pound eleaven shill. & eight pence wch tithes being 
out of lease are allowed to be of ye value of vili xiiis & iiijd It is 
therefore ordrd yt ye sume of 51i js & viijd to make up ye said formr 
Sume of jli xjs & viijd. vjli xiijs & iiijd be allowed & paid from 
time to time out of ye tithes of Drybeck aforesaid to & for a farther 
increase of ye said Mr. Walker his Maintennce to be Accoed from the 
last receipt & yt Mr. Edmund Branthwaite Recr. doe pay ye same 
unto him from time to time Accordingly till further Ordr of ye said 

Jo. Thorowgood Ri. Yong Jo. Pocock Ri. Sydenham Jo. Humfrey. 3 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1008. 2. Ibid., 972. 3. Ibid. 

Kendal 93 1 

Kendall. Octo. 18. 1655. 

In pursuance of an ordr of ye Comrs for propagacon of ye Gospell 
in ye fower Northerne Counties of ye 21 of March 1653 It is ordered 
yt Mr. Edmund Branthwaite Receiver doe from time to time Continue 
& pay unto Mr. Thomas Walker Minister of Kendall in ye County of 
Westmerland (approved according to ye Ordinance for Approbacon of 
publique preachers) ye yearly sume of nine poundes fewer Shillinges 
& Six pence out of ye Tenthes arising v^ithin the County aforesaid to 
bee accounted from his last receipt & to bee continued to ye said Mr. 
Walker from time to time for such time as hee shall discharge ye duty 
of ye Minister of the said place or untill further ordr of the said 

Jo. Thorowgood Ri Yong Jo pococke Ri Sydenham Jo Humfrey Ed 
Cressett. l 

Kendall March 19. 1657. 

Ordered that ye peticon of Thomas Walker late minister of Kendall 
in the County of Westmland a copy whereof is hereto annexed bee 
referred to John Archer esq Justice of peace in the said County and 
to Mr. Edmund Branthwaite Recr of the said County to examine 
matter of fact and that the said Mr. Branthwaite doe thereupon paie 
unto him such arreares claimed by the Peticonr as shall appeare to be 
payable unto him from these Trustees or in default thereof to certifie 
the whole matter of fact to these Trustees. 

Jo. Thorowgood Ra. Hall John Humfrey Ri Sydenham Jo. Pocock.- 

From the last document it appears that Walker had left 
before 1657/8, and the reading suggests that the removal 
was somewhat recent. We shall not be far wrong if we 
assume it to have been in 1657. Possibly this is the 
person of that name who appears as Incumbent of Wake- 
field March 19, 1657.^ Walker's name does not appear in 
any previously printed list. Brand gives William Cole 
as a Minister of Kendal thus : — 

March 25th 1652-3 Mr. William Cole, on the death of Woolfal 
[Newcastle]. He was minister of Kirby Kendal in Westmoreland, 
Salary 1501i per annum. 4 

This statement is quoted by Mr. J. F. Curwen in his paper 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 971. 

2. Ibid., 995. 

3. Ihid. 

4. Hist, of Newcastle, vol. i, p. 118. 


932 The Ejected of 1662 

on Kendal Yicars;^ and other writers are accustomed to 
include William Cole in their list. It is, however, quite 
a mistake. Probably Kirkby Kendal should be Kirkby 
Lonsdale ; the use of " Kirkby " as a prefix to Kendal 
having frequently led to confusion between the two places. 
The mistake, however, has a deeper cause still. About 
this time the Quaker movement had laid hold upon the 
County; Kendal, indeed, was a sort of storm centre. 
William Cole was one of its most vigorous opponents ; and 
during his residence at Kirkby Lonsdale he appears to 
have been a frequent visitor at Kendal. There, as well 
as at Kirkby Lonsdale, he came much into contact with 
the Quakers ; and the account which he gives of matters 
is certainly so phrased as to suggest that he was resident 
in Kendal at the time. A closer examination of the 
documents, however, shows that such an inference is not 
necessary. As the matter is one of considerable interest, 
the documents in question are here briefly summarised, 
in so far as they relate directly to it. The first pamphlet 
bears the following title : — 

The Perfect Pharisee, 

under Monkish Holines &c. Opposing The 

Fundamental Principles of the Doctrine 

of the Gospel, and Scripture Practises of 

Gospel- Worship manifesting himself in 

the Generation of men called QUAKERS 

A preservative against the Grose Blasphemies 

and horrid delusions of those, who under 

pretence of perfection, and an immediate call 

from God, make it their business to 

revile and disturb the mmisters of the 


Published for the establishing of the people 

of God in the Faith once delivered to 

the Saints, by Thomas Weld, Rich : Prideaux, 

Sam : Hammond, Will : Cole, Wil : Durant 

Ministers in Newcastle, London, Printed 

for Richard Tomlins, at the Sun and 

Bible Near Pie-Corner 1654. 
[The figure 4 in the date is crossed out, and 3 is inserted as well as 
"Jan : 14." A copy is in the Brit. Mus.] 

1. Trans. C. W. (O.S.), vol. 16, p. 157 


Kendal 933 

In this pamphlet mention is made of a meeting with 
James Nayler, one of the leading Quaker preachers, when 
Will. Baldwinson of Underbarrow asked him " whether 
he believed that any could be as holy, just and good as 
God himself." 

Position assumed : — That the soul is a part of the Divine Essence. 

One of us W.C. had this positively asserted by Col Benson and 
Captain Ward, at Kendale and descoursed the coaitroversie with 

With reference to the Light within : — 

The said Nayler in discourse with one of us (W.C.) at Kendale, 
affirmed — ' That every man in the world had a light within them 
sufficient to guide them to Salvation &c.' 

William Strickland walking up the Streets in Kendale naked, except 
that he had a shirt on, published the said principle [no need for 
teachings of men] one of us (W.C.) both heard it, and saw him in that 
immodest garb. 

Position assumed : — No mediate call to the ministry. 

This was asserted by Thomas Willan of Kendale in the publick 
Congregation there, on a Lecture day, in the hearing of one of us, 
. W.C. 

Some of them came to Kendale Church, about a year agone and 
pretended they had a Comission to pull down the Steeple. 

Another Thomas Castley, came in the time of the preaching of one 
of us (W.C.) to the Congregation at Kendale & had he said his 
Commission from God to pull down the Hour Glasse. And the same 
man came a long mile with no other message from God (as he pre- 
tended) but this to tell of one of us. Thou art an high Priest; which 
words having spoken, he went his way. Another time (W.C.) he 
came with a message from God (as he pretended) to the house of the 
abovesaid one of us, at which time I was not at home : yet confidently 
affirmed to my wife that God had sent him, and that I was at home. 
Again also, the same man came with the like Message to my house, 
and said, that God had sent him to me, and that I was at home, but 
it being denied, he was by the Schoolmaster, Mr. Turner taken over 
to his house, where (by providence being presently come home) I 
went to him and asked him, what message he had from God to me ? 
Whereat he denied that he had any Message to me from God at all. 
Mr. Richard Stookes, Minister at Grayrigg, told one (W.C.) of us 
that discoursing with Fox at a meeting appointed, concerning his 
immediate Call ; the said Fox affirmed He was called by a voice from 
Heaven to Grayrigg ; and at his affirming the same the simple deluded 
soules that were there with him affirmed they knew it to be true : he 
asked them whether they saw any vision, or heard any voice ? They 
answered No, but all the account they give of it was — That whereas 
he was walking towaxds Forthbanke suddenly he faced about and 

934 The Ejected of 1662 

said he was commanded to go to Grayiigg. One of these people, whem 
they were lately at Newcastle told a Merchant there Mr. H. T. having 
on his black Clothes, that he was a deceiver &c but being told he was 

no Minister, he shuffled pittifuUy, as seeing how his mistake was 


When they came to newcastle, and were with us before the 
Majistrates, they delivered not their message there; and they might 
have had liberty with freedom to come to any of our Houses nay 
some of them were invited thither by some of us (W.C.). 

But would you lastly see thier folly in pretending to an immediate 
light, take the following story : George Fox meeting with one Mr. 
Nichols in Carlile, told him that he was an Hypocrite &c he replying 
asked him if he knew his heart ? he said he did. He asked him 
again and Fox affirmed again he did. He asked him, if he knew his 
name. Fox answered I know by thy questions thou art an Hypocrite, 
shuffling so lamentably to evade his question. To whom Mr. Nichols 
aoiswered dost thou know my heart and not my name ? And so shaked 
him off as a most notorious impostor. 

Referring to their fruits we have the following : — 

Such as George Fox his cursing of Mr. Fetherston : Miles Halhead 
his cursing of Mr Walker minister of Kendale very lately in the 
presence of Mr. Archer and Mr. Cook, Christopher Atkinson (a proud 
leader of his people and a prophetical impostor) for a good while 
together, his very immodest familiarity with (to say no more) a woman 
of his way in the sight of a godly Minister at Kendale Mr Walker. 
The wife of Edmond Adlington of Kendale going naked Novemb 21. 
1653 through Kendale streets &c. 

Throughout this pamphlet William Cole is prominent. 
S.H. appears in the margin once; and reference is made 
to the book of Francis Higginson of Kirkby Stephen, in 
such a way as to suggest that it was regarded as an 
authority in relation to these matters, 

James Nayler replied to this pamphlet in the following, 
a copy of which also is in the British Museum : — 
An Answer to the Booke called 
The Perfect Pharisee &c. 
Published for no other end but 
to cleare the truth from the Slanders 
of these men, who thereby goe about 
to deceive the simple and keep them 
off from obedience to the truth 

By one whom the world calls 

James Nayler. 
May 09. 1654 [This is in ink]. 

Kendal 935 

In the Epistle to the reader reference is made to what "was 
lately set forth by five of the chiefe Priests of the Xorth, 
residing at Newcastle, who are all Strangers to that sort 
of people called Quakers, except one &c." It is signed 
"A. P." James Xayler denies having had " private dis- 
course " with William Baldwinson but throws no further 
light upon that matter. 

Christopher Atkinson denying the charge of undue 
• familiarity with a woman says : — 

I challenge thee [W.C.] and companie, to prove what you have 
spoken against me and not onely so, but against all the Church of 
God, who doth suffer by you who live in pride Dives-like. And as 
for thee W.C. thou art knowne to be of that generation which put the 
saints to death ; but the Lord shall pleade with thee, and give thee 
thy portion m utter darknesse for ever. As for Wallas your Witnesse 
herein whom yee call a godly Minister, he said in the hearing of many 
people That it was no murther in him to murther Christopher Atkin- 
son and the rest of the Prisoners at Kendall being neere twenty ; now 
how this man's testimony may be trusted, or that he would keepe any 
thing backe that might adde to the slander, any honest man may 
judge for the murtherer and the lyar are one and he that makes no 
conscience of the one makes none of the other. 
This led to the following rejoinder from the Ministers in 
question : — 

A Further Discovery of that Generation of men called Quakers : 
By way of Reply to an Answer of James Nayler to 
the Perfect Pharisee, Wherein is more fully layd 
open their Blasphemies notorious Equivocations, Lyings 
Wrestings of the Scripture, Raylings, and other detestable 
Principles and Practices. 

And the Booke called The Perfect Pharisee is Convincingly 
cleared from James Nayler's false Aspersions : with many 
difficult Scriptures (by him wrested) opened. 
Published for the building up of the perseverance 
of the Saints, till they come to the end of their 
Faith, even the Salvation of their Soules. 
[Texts Mat. 16. 18 : Rev. 2. 23.] 
Gateside, Printed by S.B. 1654. 
A copy of this pamphlet is in the Pylands Library; but 
there is none in the British Museum. The Epistle to the 
reader is signed by : — 

Tho: Weld Will: Cole 

Rich : Prideaux Will : Durant. 
Sam : Hammond 

936 The Ejected of 1662 

The pamphlet says that : — 

Three of these five have had cause to know many more of them as 
M. Taylour, John Audland, Stubbs, Holmes, Atkinson, Hodgson, 
Ayry, &c and others from whom we suffered disturbance in our 
publique Ministry. 

George Fox is charged in it with saying: — "That he 
that sanctifieth and they that are sanctified are one, and 
are equal." Asked " whether he was eqnall with 
God? he answered thus — I am equall with God." In" 
reference to this we have testimony supplied by William 
Marshall and Michael Altham Jan. 19, 1653. Then we 
get the following letter in reference to Nayler : — 
Sir January 14. 1653. 

You writ to me to certifie you of some words that I heard from 
James Nayler and Richard Farnsworth as they call themselves amongst 
us I myselfe went to George Bateman his house in Underbarrow, 
called the Crag and there was a great deale of people come into the 
house ; one Nayler and Farnsworth sitting beyond a Table upon a 
Bench ; and there Nayler speaking and teaching Perfection, and to be 
attain'd in this life : and to be without sin ; this teaching so did trouble 
me, as being contrary to the Word of God, that I stood up before 
the Table and spoke these words Friends doe you hold that a man 
may attaine to that height of perfection in this life to be as perfect, 
as pure as holy and just as God himselfe ? And they joyntly replyed 
Yea and they were So. And one in the house spake and said My 
question was not to the purpose ; And I answered and said, But was 
because I knew no such thinge by my selfe. And after these words, 
they began to teach, that every man had a light within him, if 
hearkened to would teach guide and save him : And I replyed againe 
and said, how is it that our Saviour Christ sayes There is no man 
■comes to me except my father which sent me draw him ; before God 
and Christ draw where is my light ? And to this they spake not one 
word ; So I went home from amongst them, But the day of the 
Moneth, nor the Moneth I set not downe I not fearing the danger of 
this Heresie. All these words were spoken in the Same house in the 
night time. 

Will. Baldwinson. 
We doe testifie this to be Will 
Baldwmson's owne testimony 
Tho : Walker. John Wallace. 

John Myriel. 

There is a reference in the same pamphlet to Thomas 
Holme of Kendal going naked through the streets of 

Kendal 937 

Kirkby Stephen, on Monday, Oct. 28, 1653, the informa- 
tion being supplied by Francis Higginson "under bis owne 
Tiand"; also to Tbomas Castley Jan. 13, 1653, "shame- 
lessly naked " going through the streets of Kendal ; and 
to Edmund ]S^ubyes wife " with a shift on," similarly 
" about the end of December last." 

Another of this Sect came in the same posture into Hutton Chapel 
at the time of exercise about the beginning of January. Elizabeth 
Levens, and Miles Newby went up the Streets at Kendale in the same 
posture. This we have attested from Mr. Walker a Godly Minister at 
Kendale under his hand, by Letters bearing date January 31. 1653. 

Elsewhere : — 

If James Nayler will aske M. Taylor, if he were not invited by 
W.C. to his house, when he was at that time at Newcastle, and did 
not come; he will see the debauchednesse of his Conscience; for W.C. 
doth beleeve M. Tayler hath so much honesty left, as not to deny it. 

The next exception is against our objecting Perfection (Phar. p. 
48). Christopher Atkinson his immodest familiarity with a woman of 
that way &c where Atkinson Challengeth the proofe of it. We shall 
onely say, that that immodest familiarity (if he will need force us 
from our modest covering of that carriage to speak out) it was his 
familiar Kissing of her as we are fully informed by testimony of Mr. 
Walker and Mr. Wallas, and we cannot but account it as a sinful! 
behaviour. But to weaken the Strength of this testimony Atkinscin 
tells the Eeader that Mr. Wallace said, It was no murther in him to 
murther Christopher Atkinson, and the rest of the prisoners at 

Truely we are afraid this whole generation of men are in a con- 
federacy of lying ; We have purposely sent to finde out the truth of 
this foule Challenge and shall give his Clearinge of himself Word for 
word as we received it : " Having received a Paper from the Qua^-^r-' 
that were prisoners Containing horrible blasphemies viz. That they 
were the Searchers of hearts and saying Let them be accursed from 
God for ever that will have Christ have any other Body but his 
Church. I spoke these words and no more, in the hearing of many 
viz (That I thought it was no murder in the civill Majistrate to put 
such blasphemers as they were to death, it being according to the Law 
of God) But that I ever said It was no Murder in me to murder 
■them or put them to death, I declare it to be a Manifest lye. 

Kendale Jan. 14. 1653. John Wallace. 

We whose names are subscribed did heare when Mr. Wallace 
spoke these words above written namely these which are inclosed 
within the parenthesis, but no more. 

Thomas Berket. Miles Harrison." 

938 The Ejected of 1662 

James Nayler replied to this in a further pamphlet as 
follows : — 

A Discovery of 

The man of Sin 

Acting in A Mystery of 

Iniquitie Pleading for his 

Kingdom, against the coming of 

Christ to take away Sin 

An Answer to a Book 

set forth By 
Tho : Weld of Gateshead and William 

Richard Prideaux Durant 

Sam Hammond of 

Will. Cole Newcastle. 

By way of Reply to an Answer 

of James Nayler's to their former 

Book called 

The Perfect Pharisee 

Who call themselves Ministers of Christ 

but are found Ministering for the 

Kingdom of Antichrist 

Published for clearing the innocency 

of the Truth from their Malicious 

Slanders, and descovering their 


By one whom the world calls 

James Nayler June 3 [date in ink]. 

London printed for Giles Calvert at 

the black Spread Eagle neer 

the West end of Pauls 1654. 

In this pamphlet there is a reference to Henry Holme, i 
evidently a Minister, along with John Jacques of Bolton, 
also Sanderson of " Peerce-bridge," William More "priest j 
of Kellet' ' ; and another slight one to Wallace in connec- 
tion with the Atkinson slander. In the case of Nicola-' 
also, it is stated that George Fox never saw his face. 
Nothing else relating to the matter before us appears in it. 

One or two points need to be noted here. In the first' 
place it is quite clear that during the time in question 
William Cole was in intimate association with Kendal, 
frequently visited and often preached there. Ambiguous, 

Kendal 939 

however, as the language is it is contended that he was 
never more than a visitor. It should be noted that while 
Thomas Walker is repeatedly called Minister at Kendal, 
William Cole never is. It will be remembered that there 
were Lectureships both at Kendal and Kirkby Lonsdale; 
and this fact will help to explain the frequency with 
which William Cole appears in Kendal as preacher. It 
is, indeed, distinctly stated several times that he was 
preaching the Lecture. Then the Schoolmaster Turner, 
referred to on page 9-33, and who was clearly resident in 
the same place as William Cole, was not Schoolmaster at 
Kendal. That position was filled by John Myriell (vide 
p. 961). Still further there is no opening for William 
Cole in the list of Kendal Vicars. Henry Masy appears 
to have held the living until, at least, 1651 or 1652, and 
Thomas Walker certainly comes upon the scene not later 
than 1652-3. Yet again William Cole's own movements 
permit of no Kendal ministry. He certainly was at 
Kirkby Lonsdale until 1650, and he appears at Xewcastle 
in 1663-4. These dates are the known ones; and the 
probability is that they may be extended a little on either 
side so as to show that Walker immediately succeeded 
Masy at Kendal, and that Cole remained at Kirkby Lons- 
dale until his removal to Newcastle. Lastly the Quaker 
movement in Westmorland was scarcely anterior to 1652, 
which brings us to the date of Walker's ministry in 
Kendal. From what has been said it is easy to see how 
the mistake has occurred. The first impression created 
[by the reading of the pamphlets undoubtedly is that 
William Cole during these years was at Kendal ; but when 
the known facts are carefully linked together and 
scrutinized this will be found to be all but impossible. 

John Strickland, M.A., B.D., 1656. 

This name is inserted on the authority of Ts^icholson.^ 
Unfortunately he furnishes no evidence for it. He is, 
however, usually followed by writers on Kendal Church 

1. Annals of Kendal, p. 60. 

940 The Ejected of 1662 

John Strickland was a native of Westmorland, probably" 
of Kendal. He matriculated Queen's College, Oxford,. 
May 15, 1618, aged 17; graduated B.A. Dec. 9, 1622; 
M.A. June 25, 1625; B.D. May 12, 1632. His first pre- 
ferment was a Chaplaincy to the Earl of Hertford, and 
in 1632 he became Rector of Pudymore Milton, Somerset, i 
He was appointed to the Church of St. Peter-the-Poor, 
London, on Oct. 27, 1643, and to Lancaster in 1647. In 
reference to the latter there appears to be some confusion 
as it is stated that he was instituted on Xov. 12, 1647, Dr. 
Wildbore having been ejected by law; but on the 24th of 
December following the voidance is attributed to death. 
The f olloAving are the documents relating to it : — 

12 Nov. 1647. Ordered That Dr. Heath give Institution and Induc- 
tion unto John Strickland, Clerk. Bachelor in Divinity to the vicarage 
of Lancaster in Com. Lancasheir, void by the Ejection of Dr. Wildbore- 
by Law, late Incumbent there ; Tobias Samuell and William Knipe 
gentlemen Patrons : This with a Salvo jure cujuscunque. 2 

24 Dec. 1647. Ordered &c That Doctor Heath give Institution and 
Induction unto John Strickland Bachelor of Divinity into the 
vicarage of Lancaster in the County Palatine of Lancaster, void by 
Death ; salvo jure cujuscunque Geo. Tokison Patron. 3 

To add to the difficulty the Commons Journal (vol. iii, 
p. 270) informs us that Nehemiah Barnet succeeded the 
sequestered Dr. Wildbore in 1643 ; and the Lords' Journal 
(vol. V, p. 38) says of his appointment there, Feb. 26, 
1646-47, that the voidance was due to the " death of 
Jeoffrey King." Barnet held the living only a short 
time. 4 

John Strickland appears as Minister of St. Edmund's,. 
Sarum, Wilts., in 1649, and it was from this place that 
he was ejected by the Act of Uniformity. Wood says 
that he was " always puritanically affected, sided with 
the rebellious party in the beginning of the Civil War, 
took the Covenant, was made one of the Assembly of 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. L.J., vol. ix, p. 522. 

3. Ibid., p. 612. 

4. Baines gives neither King nor Strickland in his list of Lancaster 
Vicars (Hist, of Lane, vol. v, p. 472, Croston's Ed.). 

Kendal 94 1 

Divines, preached frequently before the Long- Parliament 
exciting the members theieof to proceed in their blessed 
cause." He was one of the Commissioners for the County 
of Wilts for dealing with Scandalous Ministers ; and 
"Wood informs us that " he took upon him great authority 
in his Apostleship, especially if he had to do with the 
loyal and suffering Clergy." He further tells us that 
" he prayed several times blasphemously " ; in relation to 
which Calamy says : — " He might as well have said he 
us'd to come into his Pulpit naked and without a E-ag of 
Cloaths on. For one is not more ridiculous to those that 
knew the Man, than the other. He was eminent for 
Expounding the Scripture and an Excellent Casuist.'' 
Some of the sermons which he preached before the House 
of Commons were published, and in one the dedicatory 
Epistle urges the House " to have a care how they plant 
the towns in Cumberland and Xorthumberland Avith able 
preachers." Wood, who makes no attempt to conceal his 
animus against men of Strickland's type, says that he 
was " esteemed by the factious party " as " Prceco fidelis- 
simus," that after his ejection " keeping Conventicles in, 
and near Salisbury was several times as I have been 
informed imprisoned." Calamy, on the other hand, gives 
him an excellent character and says: — "He died on a 
Lord's Day Evening, after he had preach'd twice; from 
2 Peter 1. 11 and administer'd the Lord's Supper. Find- 
ing himself out of Order, he spoke of it to those about him, 
and sate down in a Chair and died. His Name is remem- 
ber'd with great Respect to this Day at Sarum where he 
lies buried in St. Edmund's Church-yard." ^ Pie was 
buried October 25, 1670. It will be noticed that neither 
Wood nor Calamy refers to Strickland's ministry at 
Lancaster or Kendal; and there is clearly something- 
still to be explained. The Lancaster ministry was 
evidently very brief; for Dr. Marshall was there before 
1650, but it does not clash with any other of Strickland's 
appointments. It is, however, otherwise in reference to 

1. Vide Wood's Ath., vol. ii, p. 342; Calamy, vol. ii, p. 755, and 
vol. iii, p. 865 ; Foster's Al. Ox. 

942 The Ejected of 1662 

a suggested Kendal ministry, there appears to be no open- 
ing whatever for him. The interval between Walker and 
Brownsword was only about twelve months; but a greater 
difl&culty is found in his own appointments. Unless he 
was a Pluralist of a very pronounced type, which is most 
unlikely, we are driven to the theory of two Ministers of 
that name, if there was a John Strickland at Kendal at 
all : for Calamy's John Strickland was at St. Edmund's 
from, at least, 1649 to 1662. That, however, a person of 
this name had large interests in Kendal is certain ; and 
appearances point to his identification with the John 
Strickland whose life has been brieiiy sketched. Can it 
be that the fact of his being a native of the place has led 
to the suggestion of his being Minister there? I am 
inclined to think so. At any rate until better evidence 
is forthcoming the strongest possible doubt persists in 
reference to a Kendal ministry for John Strickland, how- 
ever brief it may be made. In connection with the 
General Westmorland Sessions held at Kendal, July 18th, 
1662, we have the following ; and this document helps to 
establish his relationship with Kendal: — 

Whereas Complt hath beene made by John Strickland Gierke yt 
his Estate wthin Strikland Kettle hath beene Auntiently accustomed 
to pay all Assessmts as Customary Lawes yet notwithstanding it is 
chargd wth 30s in ye booke of rates therefore search in ye rolls hath 
beene made and in regard the said Tenemt is found to be charged 
wth 30s in ye roll wch p'ticularly in ye yeare 1635 was pd therefore 
it is ordd that the Towne shall stand charged as formrly wth 30s 
and to be assessed as demesne Lands accordinge to the booke of rates-' 

The Masy Letters also witness to his interest in the 
place. 2. 

William Brovs^nsword, M.A., 1658/9—1672.3 

In many respects he is the most remarkable and inter- 

1. Indictment Book, Kendal Town Hall. 

2. Vide p. 918. 

3. Calaray and Palmer give " John Wallis " as an Ejected Minister who 
preached some time in Kendal Church. This, however, is an error as 
will appear when we come to deal with Heversham and Grasmere 
(vide pp. 976, 1061). 

Kendal 943 

esting character in the series. On Nov. 24, 1645, he was 
admitted as a Pensioner to Jesus College, Cambridge, 1 
became B.A. in 1645-6 and M.A. in 1649. He signed 
" The Harmonious Consent " in 1648, as Minister of 
"Duglas Chappell scytuated at the furthest pte of the 
said towneshippe and parishe of Eccleston" in Lancashire ; 
" The Agreement of the People " in 1649 ; and in 1650 he 
is described as "a godlie painfull Minister," who "supplies 
the Cure," but who " did not observe the thirteenth day 
of this instant month, appointed by Act of Parliamt to 
be kept as a day of humiliacon and had notice of it by 
the Constable." - From Douglas it would appear that he 
removed to Preston, where he witnesses a marriage as 
" William Browusword, Clearke Feb. 25th, 1654-5 : " and 
again on June 29th, 1658, ^ his signature being in big bold 
letters. His removal to Preston according to the follow- 
ing must have been before June 1654 : — 

Order 15 Jiinij 1654. 
The like [Augmentation] ordr for Mr. Wm. Brownsword of Preston 
in the County of Lanr upcin an ordr of ye Comrs for approbacon of 
Publique preachers dated 12 Junij 54. directed to Lanr.4 

His book, however, on the " Romish Church not the True 
Church " was printed in that year when he was still at 
Douglas Chapel. 

It has to be admitted that it has been found impossible 
to definitely fix William Brownsword's position in Preston. 
That he held the Lectureship is clear from the following : 

Wm. Brownsword, Clearke formerly Lecturer in this Towne, now 
Minister att Kendall, admitted a free Burgess &c. Gratis. Swome ye 
28th of Febr. 1658. 5 

I do not, however, think that that fully represents his 
position. Isaac Ambrose had removed to Garstang about 
1655, though he does not seem to have actually resigned 
the Preston living until 1657, and Brownsword fills in 
the vacant time, though the evidence of actual Presenta- 

1. Dr. Worthington's Diary, C. S. (O.S.), vol. xiii, p. 23. 

2. Commonwealth Church Survey (Record Soc, vol. i), p. 116. 

3. Preston Parish Registers. 

4. S. P. Dom. Inter. G. 22 (Record Office). 

5. The White Book of Preston, MS. in Town Hall. 

944 The Ejected of 1662 

tion is not forthcoming. We gather from the following- 
statements of Henry Newcome,^ with whom he appears to 
have been on terms of intimacy, that he held the living 
at Hoole in 1658 being still resident in Preston. 

May 1658. 

' Afterwards when Hoole fell void, by Mr. Brownsword his going 
to Kendal, the patroness a good gentlewoman, to the end the place 
might be provided for well and fitly, devolved the care of the business 
upon Mr. Angier, Mr. Gee, and Mr. Tilsley.- 

Oct. 17. 1658 (Lord's day) Mr. Brownsword then living in Preston, 
riding to Hoole (where he was Minister) his wife behind him, the 
water being out, they were both in, and his wife torn from him amd 
drowned, and never found (as I could hear of) to be buried. 3 

The Preston Historians generally ignore William 
Brownsword. After a careful review of the whole matter 
I should not include him in the list of Preston Yicars 
without a query; but no account of the Preston Parish 
Church can be complete which does not give to him very 
considerable prominence. During the time of his resi- 
dence in the town he filled a large place in its life, and no 
other Vicar seems to have been resident there. His 
admission also as a Free Burgess, after his removal, shows 
the estimation in which he was held; whilst on Aug. 7, 
1656, he was added to the Commissioners for Ejecting 
Scandalous Ministers and Schoolmasters. •* 

In Feb. 1658-9, on a Presentation from Trinity College, 
Cambridge, he became Vicar of Kendal. The following 
relate to this matter, as also to his stipend : — 

Kendall. ff. 28. 1658. 

Know all men by these pnts that ye 16th day of ffebruary in ye 
yeare 1658 there was exhibited to the Comrs. for approbacon of 
publique preachers a psntacon of Wm Brownsword Gierke Master of 
Arts to ye Vicarage of Kendall in the County of Westmland made to- 
him by ye Master ffellowes and Schollers of Trinity CoUedge in 

1. John Brownsword appears among the Parishioners of Manchester 
who elected Henry Newcome as Minister Dec. 5, 1656 (Newcome's: 
Autobiog., p. 353). 

2. Ibid., p. 91. C. S. (O.S.), vol. 36. 

3. Ihid., p. 98. 

4. S. P. Dom. Inter., I. 77, pp. 322—323. 

Kendal 945 

Cambridge the patrons thereof Together &c. Dated att Whitehall ye 
16th day cf ffebruary 1658. 

Jo. Nye Regr.^ 
Kendall V. in 
Ye County of 

William Brownsword Clerke Mr. of Arts. Admitted the 16th day 
of ffebruary 1658 to ye V. of Kendall in the County of Westmland 
Upon a pres. exhibited the same day from the Master flellowes and 
schoUers of Trinity Colledge in Cambridge ye patrons. And Certificates 
from Ric. Heyricke Hen. Newcome James Hyet Tho. Johnson Edw. 
Gee Guil. Cole Paul Lathom John Tilsly Hen. Welsh Ri. Standish. 
Jo Clesse.- 

D. 13. March 7. 1659. 

Whereas ye p'sent maintennce belonging to ye Ministr. of ye pish 
Church of Kendall in ye County of Westmland doth not exceede ye- 
yearely value of Threescore poundes and ye said place is a market 
towne large & popular & the late Comrs. for ppagating ye gospell in 
ye 4 Xortherne Counties have by their ordr ye 21 of and 31 of March 
1653 Graunted ye yearely sume of nine and twenty poundes foure 
shillinges and sixpence to and for increase of ye maintennce of ye- 
Ministr. of Kendall aforesaid in pursuance of ye said ordrs of an ordr 
of ye Committee for plundred Ministrs. in that behalfe It is ordered 
that ye said xxixli foure shillinges six pence a yeare be continued' 
to & for increase of ye maintennce of such godly painfull Preachers, 
of ye Gospell as shall be from time to time setled Ministrs of ye said 
parish Church & duely approved of as by authority of Parliamt. is 
directed and that ye same be paid to Mr. William Brownsword psent 
Ministr. there of whose godly conversacon ability &c fitnes for ye said 
place these Trustees have received good testimony To hold from ye 
25th day of March 1659 for such time as he shall continue faithfully to 
discharge the duty of ye Ministr. of ye said place or further ordr. 
And that Mr. Edmund Branthwaite Recr. doe pay ye same unto ye 
said Mr. Brownsword according to ye Schedule of ye pticulars- 
following vizt. vili xiijs iiijd a yeare of ye rents and profitts of ye 
tithes of Dribeck ye further yearely sume of vli vis viijd out of ye 
rents and profitts of the tithes of Morland ye like yearely sume of 
vli vis viijd out of ye rents and profitts of ye tithes of Newbystones 
the further yearely sume of ijli xiijs iiijd out of ye rents and profitts 
of ye tithes of Langton Murton and fflagbrig & ye further yearely 
sume of ixli iijs vid out of ye vicarage tenthes of Kendall aforesaid All 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 968. 

2. Ihid., 999. 

946 The Ejected of 1662 

in ye County of Westmrland and amounting in all to ye said yearely 
sume of Nine and twenty poundes foure shillinges and sixpence. 
Jo. Thorowgood Geo. Cowper Jo. Pocock Wm. Skynner Ri. Yong.' 

It is clear from what has already been said that 
William Brownsword was not very pliant in relation to 
everything that pertained to the Cromwellian regime. 
That he was not anti-Royalist is evident from the Tract 
which he issued in 1660: — 

England's Grounds of Joy in His Majesty's Return to his Throne 
and People. 

and also from the following which is extracted from the 
Begisters : — 

1660 paid to the Ringers upon the day King Charles was proclaimed 
King upon the Thanksgiving day fcUowing. * 

Precisely, however, his attitude towards the new state of 
things which the Restoration ushered in is not certain. 
He was not ejected; but his fate would seem to have hung 
in the balance for a while; and it would appear that he 
was not quick to bend his neck to the new conditions. 
Eventually, however, he fully conformed, and to doubly 
secure his position he received a second Institution Oct. 20 
1662. ^ He complains, however, about the expense of the 
latter, which he alleges to have been forced upon him. 
Writing, on Oct: 12th, 1663, to Williamson, Sir Philip 
Musgrave commends to " Mr. Secretary's perusal the 
letter of Mr. Brownsword who has now fully conformed 
and written in defence of the Act of Uniformity, and 
against the Covenant." The following are the documents 
in question : — 


Oct. 12. [1663]. 
Though the business of the enclosed may seem not to be in the roade 
of Mr. Secretary Benits ordinary imployment, yet as it may in a 
Spetial maner concerne His Mats Service, I presume the knowledge of 
. it will not be ill recented by Him I desire you therefore that in my 
name You will request His pusal of the letter. Mr. Brownsword was 
in his iudgement differing in some perticulers from us in ye Church 

1. Lambeth MS. (Plund. Min.), 987. 
2. Institution Books. 

Kendal 947 

Gouerment but did most seasonably conforme and hath giuen extra- 
ordinary testimony of the Senserity of it, as I did informe you at my 
being at London pticulerly of his Writing in defence of the Act for 
uniformity and the unlawfulnes of the Covenant. His preaching and 
Conversation is of excellent use to the Confutation of the Separatists. 
of wch sort there are very many about Kendal, it was Docter Burrels 
persuasion & his willingnes to complie in any thing that was thought 
fit hath brought this needles charge upon him. If Mr. Secretary wil 
please by word or message to Baron Hales in Mr. Secretaries or His^ 
Mais name to intimate that He is worthy of a perticular favour I wil 
engage He wil fully recompense it in His Service to the King & 
Church We shall have an exceeding loss if He go from that place, 
descouragements ought not to be given to deserveing men of his 
profession, my dewty to the King & Church wil I hope excuse Me 
that I give Mr. Secretary this trouble & you wil both perdon & 
promote the desire of 

Yor humble Servant 
Philip Musgrave. 
Octob. 12. 63. 

Sr. Philip Musgrave 
Mr. Brownsword 
ffor Joseph Williamson Esqr. 

Keeper of his Mats Papers of State 

at Whitehall London. 

I doubt not of your pardon, whilst by yr encouragement I have 
from your many expressions of respect I take the boldnes to beg your 
assistance in delivering mee out of some trouble into wch my owine 
Credulity (to say no more) hath brought mee, 1 acquainted you at 
Appleby how by the persuasion of Dr. Burrell ; and his assurance yt 
it should bee no preiudice to my former title to my Vicarage wch I 
had in ye yeare 1658, but a ratification of it, nor at all subject mee to 
the paiment of first fruites (my feare whereof I then objected to 
him) I was induced to take institution de novo from him, Nevertheless 
after his departure hee certified into the first fruit office that I was 
instituted to a Vacant living, whereupon there have come downe two 
attachments against mee out of the Exchequer, I have endeavoured by 
a solicitor to free my selfe in the flirst fruit but am hopeless of 
freedom unles by ye Baron of the Exchequer before whom it will bee 
heard this next tearme. Sr the burden is so great my first fruits 
being 92li and my 4 subsidies 66li & my vicaridge at its utmost 
valuation but 701i p. annu, that if I cannot bee exempted from these 
first fruits, I must bee forced for Maintaining myselfe & family to 
relinquish my living wch I am very unwilling to doe upon ye account 
of that love I have to my people, & the pventing that odour wch is 
cast upon men of our coat upon their removing. Sr I humbly entreat 

94^ The Ejected of 1662 

you (if your interest in my Lord Chief e Baron Hales bee such as may 
induce you to solicit him for mee) that you would please to give mee 
your letter to him, to desire what reasonable and lawful! favour hee 
can do for mee My friend Mr. Becke with the rest of our Aldermen 
can assure you (if I did not know that you were fully satesfyed of it) 
that I have beene in peaceable possession of my vicaridge since 1658 
being then presented to it by Trinity Colledge in Cambridge, and it 
seemes hard that after five yeares possession & his Majtes Gratious 
Act of Oblivion wherein all first fruits Compounded or not compounded 
for are freely & gratiously pardoned I should Compound for my living 
as if I were newly and since that Act possessed of it. Sr I beg your 
pardon for this tediousness, assuring you that it shall bee my constant 
•endeavour according to my poore ability to approve my selfe. 
Your Worship 
Very humble & 
thankfuU Servant 
Wm. Brownsword. 

Octob. 5. 1663. 

ffor the right worshipf uU & my truely hon'ed ffriend Sr Philip 
Musgrave Baronet at his house Edenhall Cumberland — These 
wth my Service.^ 

The Kendal Indictment Book has the following but 
whether it refers to the Minister or his son is not certain : 

Easter Sessions 1667. 

Ordered that the office of Petty Coaistable within the Constable wicke 
of Skelsmergh shall passe over Mr. William Brownsword and the next 
in turn to serve. 

William Brownsword was a violent writer against the 
Quakers,'^ and they regarded him as their great foe. 
" The Quaker-Jesuite : or Popery in Quakerisme " was 
from his pen, being issued in 1660. This was answered 
by John Story of Westmorland in the same year, the title 
>of his pamphlet being : — 

Babilon's Defence Broken down, and one of Antichrist's Warriour's 
Defeated : In an Answer to a scandalous Pamphlet, Intituled, The 
Quaker- Jesuit.: or Po'ptry in Quakerisme : Put forth by one William 
Brovmsword, who calls himself Minister of the Gospel at Kendal- In 
which the Doctrines of the Quakers (so called) are more truly stated 
than he hath stated them, &c. &c. By John Stoery. Pp. 40. 

1. S. P. Dom. Car. ii, vol. 81, No. 71. 
2. Fishwick's Lane. Library, p. 358. 

Kendal 949 

The full title of Brownsword's earlier book is as follows : 
Rome's Conviction 
A Descoverie 
Of the unsoundness of the Main Grounds of Home's Religion, in an 
Answer to a Book Called The Right Religion, evinced by L. B. 

1 That the Romish Church is not the true and onely Catholick 
Church, infallible ground and rule of Faith. 

2 That the Main Doctrines of the Romish Church are damnable 
errors & therefore to be deserted by such as would be saved. 

By William Browxsvvord, M.A., and Minister of the Gospel at 
Douglas Chappel in Lancashire. 

London, Printed by J. M. for Luke Fawn, at the sign of the 
Parrat in Paul's Churchyard 1654. 

The " Epistle to the Christian Reader " is by Richard 
Hollinworth and Edward Gee. A copy of this rare work, 
small octavo, 383 pp., is in the Bodleian. He refers in it 
to " the Perfect Pharisee " ^ by way of proving that the 
religion of Quakers is " a mixture of Popery with other 

Somehow also the Quakers had influence sufficient to 
give him considerable trouble. The following will make 
this clear : — 

February 13. 1671-2 W. Brownsword, vicar of Kendal to D.F. 
[Daniel Fleming] Enclosing a copy of an Inhibition procured by the 
Quakers, Robert Barrow John Stell Milo Bateman, Milo Huberstie 
and Margaret Howgill of Kirby Kendall. A suit had been brought 
against them by W. Brownsword for nonpayment of tithes and a 
decree of excommunication obtained. They have appealed and 
obtained the Inhibition and a Citation to W. Brownsword to appear 
at York. The Vicar is anxious to have the Inhibition declared void, 
and begs for the assistance and advice of D.F. 2 

Daniel Fleming's reply three days afterwards is couched 
in the following terms : — 

Agrees with him that the Inhibition ought not to have been granted 
to those who refuse subscription and to conform. This kind of 
proceeding will in time destroy the authority of Sir Joseph [Cradock's] 
Court at Richmond, and prejudice that of the Bishop of Chester. 

1. Vide p. 932. 
2. H. M. C. 12th Report, Appendix VII., p. 88. 

950 The Ejected of 1662 

Advises him to write to the Bishop of Chester amd his Chancellor, 
Sir Joseph Cradock, and to obtain letters from friends to the 
Archbishop of York. Excuses himself from joining in the latter on 
the ground that he has lately been engaged against the Archbishop 
a Commission about Rose Castle, i 

Tlie date of William Brownsword's death is not forth- 
coming, but probably it was in 1672 f and, as that is the 
period in which the blank occurs in the Registers, they do 
not help us. His wife's burial is noted thus : — 

June 25th 1689 Jane wife of Mr. Wm. Brownsword late vicar of 

It is recorded that the freedom of the borough was con- 
ferred upon him in 1662. A son, John, Yicar of Aughton, 
near Ormskirk, married Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Bell, the Puritan Vicar of Huyton, near Liverpool. 
Probably it was another son, William, who was Mayor of 
Kendal in 1695, and who was kept occupied during the 
years 1695 and 1696 in " quieting Kendal rioters." In 
reference to this matter it is worth while to turn aside for 
a moment, in order to avail ourselves of the considerable 
light which the Kendal Indictment Book offers. 

Early in 1696, an attempt was made by Jacobites and 
Roman Catholics to assassinate William for the purpose 
of restoring James to the throne, and re-establishing the 
Roman Catholic faith in the country. The plot was 
betrayed and so came to nothing; but the matter excited 
great indignation throughout the country, and the Lords 
and Commons bound themselves into an Association to 
defend William and his Government, In the two Coun- 
ties with which we are concerned feeling ran high. 
Henry Fleming, Rector of Asby in Westmorland, writing 
to his father. Sir Daniel Fleming, under date March 30, 
1696, says : — 

My brother James writes that a relation of ours, though we have 
not seen him, was last week committed as concerned in the plot to 
Reading gaol under the name of Birkett, a Kendalian, which he deoiies 

1. H.M.C., Twelfth Report, &c., p. 88. 

2. Vide an interesting Article on " Brownsword and the Kendal 
Quakers" in Trans. (N.S.), vol. v, p. 106. 

Kendal 951 

but says his name is William Herbert Collingwood. The Corporation 
of Appleby has signed the Association verbatim.^ 

It is this that is reflected in the troubles at Kendal at this 
time. The Kendal Indictment Book gives an account of 
the formation of the Association and supplies the signa- 
tures which are exceedingly interesting : — 

Midsummer 1696. 
The Association. 
Whereas there has been A horrid & detestable Conspiracy formed 
and Carryed on by Papists and other Traterous persons for 
Assassinating his Majesties Eoyall pson in order to incurrage aai 
Invation from ffrance to subvert our Religious Lawes and Liberty. 
Wee whose names are hereunto Subscribed Doe heartily Sincearly 
and Solemnly pfes [profess] testifie and declare that his psent Majesty 
King William is Rightfull and lawfull King of these Realmes and 
wee doe Mutually pmis [promise] and engage to stand by & assist 
each other to the utmost of our power in the Support and defence of 
his Majesties Most Sacred person & Government against the late King 
James, and all his adherents And in case his Majestie come to any 
violent or Untimely death (which God forbid) Wee doe hereby 
further freely & unanimously oblige our Selves to Unite Associate and 
Stand by each other in Revengeing the same upooi his Enimies & 
their adherents and in Supporting & defending the Succession of the 
Crowne according to an Act made in the ifirst year of the Raigne of 
King William & Queen Mary entituled an Act declaring the Rights & 
libertyes of the Subject & Settling the Succession of the Crowne. 

A Register of the names and Simames of all such persons 
as have Subscribed the Association aforesaid at the Quarter 
Sessions of the peace aforesaid according to A late Act of 
Parliament intituled An Act for the better Security of his 
Maties Royall pson & Govemmt. 

William Berkhead Edward Nicholson 

John Jefferson Curate of Old Hutton. 

Schoolmr of Kendall John ffirbank 

Joseph Heath Gangr Schoolmaster of K. Loaisdale. 

Anthony Saul Benjamin Johnson 

Joseph Ward Richard Baynes 

Willm Jackson Viccr Charles Saul 

de Beathom Sam : Green 

Wm. Slater Curate Robt Heblethwaite 

of Killington Robert Cooke 

John Proctr Curate John Barker 

of Middleton Robert Philipson 

I. H. M. S. Twelfth Report, Appendix Pt. vii, p. 342. 


The Ejected of 1662 

George Dixon 

Geo. ffarmer vicr de 

Tho. Barbon vicr de 

Wm Harryson Curte 

de Staveley 
Ephrm Sandford 
William Wilson Rectr 

de Windermeer 
Tho. Murgatroyde Viccr 

de Kendall 
Nicholas Atkinson 
Tho. Browne Gaolr 
John Jackson 
Thomas Holme 
James Backhouse 
John Lambe 
Tho. Berkett 
Tho. Watson 
John Ion 


Edw. Wilson 
William Fleming 
John Hall, Sub vie 
John Wright 
Daniel ffleming 
Allan Chambre 
Edw. Wilkinson 
Edw. Tonge 
Richard Trotter 
John Brougham 

This is followed by the 
July IT, 1696, at which the 

William Johnson 
William Huddart 
Wm Ealand 
Wilhn Smith 
John Coulston 
John Raisbeck 
Tho. Robinson 
John Lowson 
Philip Machell 
Hugh Atkinson 

Georg. Bowes 
John Briggs vicr 

ELirkby Lonsdale 
Tho. Knott minister of 

Chresto Harling 
Ralph Burden 
Steph Slajng 
Tho. Daniel 
Miles Wright 
Tho. Lyon 
Willm Clarke 
Ralph Willson 
Level Thompson 
Tho Kenington 
Edw. Whinfeild 
John Walker 
Charles Strickland 
John Atkinson 
John Thompson 
JefEery Beck 

Jos. Lambert 
Richard Berkett 
Thos Heblethwaite 
Wm. Brownsword 
Joseph Simpson 
William Curwen 
Stephen Berkett. 

Then adjourned 
to Appleby till the 
17th of July instant. 

General Sessions at Appleby 
following signed : — 

Edward Addyson 

Thomas Lamb 

Ric. Baynes 

John Machell 

John Mounsey 

Robert Machell 

George Dent 

Henry Sanderson 

Thomas Milner 

Edward Wilson 



John Thwaites Tho. Browne 

Tho. Robinson Lonsdale 

John Atkinson Richard Lowther 

John Hooker Rich. Brathwaite 

James Robinson Edw. Musgrave 

Curte de Hugill Ja. Bird 

Leo. Smith William Kirkby 

John Smith Hugh Machell 

John Coniston William Atkinson 

Richard Deane Benjamin Atkinson 

Adam Bowes Thomas Harryson. 

Then adjourned to Appleby till the 18th & soe till the 25th 
of July instant. 

Appleby July 25 1696 

Then adjourned to 
Appleby till 
the last day of 
July instant. 

John Nevinson 
John Robinson 
William Wilkinson 

Viccr de Crosby Ravensworth 
Mathew Rudd Scoolemr 

de Russeaidall 
Tho Knott 
Gerard Stalker 
Richard Hind. 

Appleby last day of July 

Tho. Carleton 

Chresto Pettyt 

George Braidly 

Richard Crackenthorp 

John Jackson 

John Nicholson 
Then adjourned 
to Appleby 
till the 
ffirst day of 
next Appleby Aug 1st 1696 

Henry Fleming Rect 

de Ashby & Grasmr 
Roger Kenion 


de Orton 
William Atkinson 

Viccr de Morland 

Thomas Jackson Scholae 
Bamptoniensis Ludimagister 
Synion Battersby 
George Berkett 
Thomas Gale 

Rowland Burrow 

Rectr de Brougham 
& Clifton 

Richard Holme 

Rectr de Lowther 

Thomas Knott 

Viccar de Bamptooi 

Lancelot Sisson 

Curate de Thrimby. 

There are a few names added to this list a little later. 

954 The Ejected of 1662 

" Brownsword House," lately the Pack Horse Inn, 
opposite to Black Hall, is a memorial of the Brownsword 
family. In the Preston Guild Roll of 1662 appear the 
following names : — 

Brownesword Gulielmus Cler. Jur. 
Brownesword Johes filius ejus. [Jur. Nov. 3. 1681.] 
Brownesword Nathaniel frater ejus [Jur. Decemb. 20. 1681.] 
Brownesword Rogerus frater ejus. 

In the Guild of 1682 we have the following : — 

Brownsword Johes de Aughton Cl'icus Jur. 
Brownsword Nathaniel frater ejus. 
Brownsword Rogerus frater ejus. 
Brownsword Will'us frater ejus.^ 

The Kendal Registers give the burial of " Mr. Roger 
Brownsword of Stricklandgate " on June 14, 1687 ; and of 
William, son of " Mr. Will. Brownsword of Strickland- 
gate " on Xov. 11, 1687. 

Michael Staxfoed, M.A., B.D., 1674—1683. 

Foster says that he was Fellow of Christ's College, 
Cambridge, B.A. 1657-8; M.A. 1661; and incorporated 
Oxford 12 July, 1664. ^ He was ordained Priest by 
" Tho. Ardfert et Aghadoensis Epm " Feb. 13, 1659, and 
instituted to Bolton Aug. 10, 1671 ;^ but he held the living 
only a short time. Nicholson gives 1672 as the year of 
his Institution to Kendal, but the Institution Books have 
March 26, 1674, and state that he was collated by the 
Bishop " p. lapsum ; " and this is the year in which he 
compounded for his First Fruits as such. He was 
inducted April 1, 1674, by Thomas Bell and Henry Guy, 
A.M., of Christ's Coll., Cambridge. In 1672 he petitioned 
in the following terms for Aldingham, the living which 
Richard Hutton desired to obtain* : — 

1. Preston Guild Rolls (Record Society, vol. 9), pp. 125, 161. Vide 
also Foster's Al. Ox. for fuller particulars about this family ; and Besse, 
vol. ii, pp. 10, 18. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Act Book (Chester Registry). 

4. Vide p. 863. 

Kendal 955 

To the Kings Most Excellent Matie The humble Peticon of Michaell 
Stanford Bachelor of Divinity and fellow Christs Colledge in Cam- 
bridge &c 
Most hmnbly sheweth 

That the Rectory of Aldinghani in the County of Lancaster being 
Lately become void by the Death of Theophilus Amyas Late 
Incumbent there And in Yor Maties Gift 

That yor Matie will be graciously pleased to Grant unto ye Peticonr 
yor Maties presentaion in order to yor Petionrs Institucon & Induction 

And yor Peticonr as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c. 

At the Court at Whitehall Sept. 17. 1672. 

His Maty being gratiously inclined to gratify this Petitioner is 
pleased to refer it to the Right Reverend Father in God the Lord 
Bishop of Worcester Deane of his Maties Chappell to consider of the 
Petitioner's suite & having informed himselfe of the Petitioner's 
abilities & fitnesse to report the same to his Maty with his Lordships 
opinion what may reasonably be done for his Gratification & 
Encouragement, And then his Maty will declare his further Pleasure 


Sept 28 1672 

I have made enquiry into the Peticoner & have receaved so good 
Testimony of his Learning & all other Qualifications that I thinke 
him very worthy of his Maties favour desired in the Petition 

Walt. Wigorn. 

Peticon & Reference 

Mr. Stanford.^ 

The Petition was successful and the day following " A 
Presentation in the usual forme ' ^ was granted. This 
living he held in Plurality with Kendal. 

At the Bishop's Visitation July 2, 1674, Michael Stan- 
ford appeared and exhibited as Yicar, preaching also on 
the occasion. There appeared and exhibited at the same 
time : — 

Thomas Bell A.B. ejus Curat, ordained Deacon by George of Chester 

1. S. P. Dom. Car. ii, 315, No. 74. 

2. Ibid., Entry Book, 35 B. 

95^ The Ejected of 1662 

Sep. 5. 1664 ; Priest by the same Aug. 2. 1668 ; licensed to officiate 
the Cure Aug. 3. 1668. 

Richard St«wardson Ludimagr lie. by John of Chester June 19 1671. 

Robt. Hodgson Ludimagr Hospital. 

Wm. Gybson usher Liber Scol. Gramaticae lie. by same June 24. 

ffrancis Gray Dr. in Physick. 

Richard Lancaster pish CI. 

Eliz. Thompson & Dor. Holme Midwifes.' 

Michael Stanford had as Curate, Lawrence Parke, who 
was ordained Deacon Sept. 19, 1672, and licensed to 
officiate as Curate at Kendal in 1677, being ordained 
Priest Aug. 5, 1677. In the Registers appears the 
following : — 

Buyrialls 4th Mch 1682 Mr. Michael Stanford vicar of Kendall. 

A marble monument in the Church states that he was 
48 years of age at the time of his death, that he was 
"ecclesiae Anglicanae Hookerus alter et Fanaticorum 

Thomas Murgatroyd, M.A., 1683—1699. 

He was ordained Deacon by Richard, Arch, of York, 
June 6, 1680, and Priest by John of Chester May 8, 1681. 
He was instituted May 16, 1683, on the Presentation of 
Trinity Coll., Cambridge. The notice of his burial in 
the Registers reads thus : — 

17 April 1699, Mr. Tho. Murgatroyd Vichar of Kendall. 

William Crosby, M.A., 1699—1733. 

Nicholson says that " this vicar, a man of exemplary 
morals, has the merit of having put a stop to the revolting 
practice of burying the dead without coffins." ^ Within 
the Communion rails is a brass plate which states that 
he was " Dunelmensis," Fellow of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, from 1690, and died Dec. 7, 1733, at the age of 70. 

The largeness of the Parish of Kendal with its eleven 
Chapelries necessitated some assistance for the Kendal 

1. The Visitation Book (Chester Registry). 

2. Annals of Kendal, p. 61. 

Kendal 957 

Vicar, and in addition to Curates there was the Lecture- 
ship, a popular institution at that time, the person 
appointed being Jeremiah Marsden. This was, of course, 
independent of the Parish Church, which had its own Yicar 
at the time. Calamy gives a long and interesting account 
of this remarkable man, who was ejected from Ardesley, 
near "Wakefield, and whose "whole life afterwards," he 
says, was "a perfect peregrination." He was the brother 
of Gamaliel Marsden, Minister of Chapel-le-Bedes, Halifax, 
two other brothers being Samuel and Josiah, all Ministers 
suffering Ejection, and all the sons of Ralph Marsden. 
Jeremiah Marsden was trained at Christ College, Cam- 
bridge ; and among the places in which he laboured 
Calamy mentions Wirral in Cheshire, Blackburn, Heapy, 
Northallerton, Thornton, Halifax, and Warley. To these 
must be added Edenhall in Cumberland,^ Whalley, 
Darwen and Kendal. The movements of this man up to 
his appearance at Kendal are given in the following 
documents : — 

Friday June 2. 1654. 
Whalley, Lancaster. 

Mr. Marsden saith he hath given acquittance for 201i more than he 
hath received of Mr. Farmer. 

Mr. Farmer to be heard on Wednesday next. 2 

June 2. 1654. 

Whalley. Ordered that Mr. ffarmer Recr. attend ye Trustees on 
the next Wednesday to the end that the Trustees may be informed 
how the case Standeth Concerning ye Augmentacon due to Mr. 
Marsden Minr of Whalley in the County of Lancaster. 3 
June 9th 1654. 

Whalley. Mr. Marsden Minister of Whalley in the County of 
Lancaster Complaines that having given Mr. ffarmer Receiver a 
Receipt for ffifty poundes he hath received thirty poundes only of the 
said ffifty poundes and a Bond of Tvs^enty poundes due unto the 
Trustees from one Atkinson. It is ordered that the said Mr. ffarmer 
doe forthwith pay unto him the said Twenty poundes and take into 
his hands the said Bond from the said Mr. Marsden and take care 
himself of the Recovery of the money Due thereupon. 4 

1. Vide p. 443. 

2. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1009. 

3. Ibid., 1017. 

4. Ibid. 


958 The Ejected of 1662 

June 12. 1656. 

Ordered that the said Mr. Jeremiah Marsden doe therefore preach 
wthin the parish of Whaley according to ye order of the said Comittee 
for Reformation of the Universities & in other places there adjacent 
and in particular in the Chappell of Darwin in the said County of 
Lancaster, i 

Whalley and 

Darwen June 11. 1657. 

These Trustees haveing Setled Sexty poundes a yeare upon Mr. 
Jeremy Marsden Minister of the Gospell in Whaley and Darwen in 
the County of Lancaster Charging the payment thereof upon the 
Rectory of Boulton in the said County. It is ordered that the said 
Mr. Stockdale forthwith pay all arreares thereof to the 25th day of 
March last past as well out of the rents and profitts of the said 
Rectory as out of other the Revenues within his receipt which the said 
Mr. Stockdale is to pay to the said Mr. Marsden or his Lawfull 
Assignee or Assignes. 

Jo. Thorowgood, Jo Humfrey Ra. Hall Jo. Pocock Rich. Yong." 

Whalley. June 11. 1657. 

Whereas it appeares by Certificate from ye Auditor that the last 
halfe yeare of the Allowance of one hundred poundes a yeare graunted 
to Mr. Marsden Minister of Whalley in the County of Lancaster was 
the 25th day of March 1655 and the descharge of the said allowance 
was the 9 of August 1655 It is ordered that he be paid after the 
said rate of One hundred poundes a yeare from the said 25th of 
jj jj March 1655 aforesaid to the said 9 of Aug. 1655 And that Mr. 

Maior Lawrence Steele Trear doe pay the same unto him the said Mr. 
Marsden accordingly And whereas these Trustees have continued Sixty 
pounds a yeare imto him from the 25th of March 1656 who hath 
notwithstanding officiated from the said 9th of August till the said 
25th of March for which noe Satisfaccon is made unto him It is 
therefore further, ordered that in full descharge of the Sd Service 
the said Mr. Steele pay unto him the further Summe of Twenty 
poundes All which the sd Mr. Steele is authorized Eind appointed to 
pay unto the said Mr. Marsden or his Lawfull Assignee or Assignes. 

Jo. Thorowgood Jo. Hmnfrey Ra Hall John Pocock Rich. Yong. 3 

Prom the foregoing it will be seen that his stay at 
Whalley considerably exceeded that of other places. 
" Being invited to Kendal in 1658," says Calamy, " he 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 970. 

2. Ibid., 993. 

3. Ibid. 

Kendal 959 

accepted and obtained an augmentation of 601 for the first 
year as lecturer : but meeting with opposition be stayed 
only nine months, and removed to Hull." The following 
documents relate to his appointment and Augmentation : 

Kendall. Aprill 4. 1659. 

Upon consideracon had of ye greatnesse of ye psh of Kendall in ye 
County of Westmerland havijig within it eleaven Chappells Appendant 
to ye psh Church of Kendall aforesd to wch Chappells there belongs 
little or noe maintennce by reason whereof they are destitute of able 
ministrs. ye people inhabiting within ye sd Chappelries cannot in 
regard of their distance resort to ye parish Chunch of Kendall aforesd 
It is ordered yt. ye sume of Threescore pounds bee graunted to Mr. 
Jeremiah Marsden preacher of the Gospell within ye sd parish & 
Chappells to hold for ye space of one yeare next ensueing which wee 
humbly Certify to His highnesse ye Lord Protector and Yor. Councell. 

Edw. Cressett Ra. Hall Ri. Sydenham Jo. Pocock Ri. Yong. ' 

April 7th 1659. 

These may certifie whom it may conceme yt Mr. Jeremiah Marsden 
Had a call by ye Court of Mayr. Aldermen of Kendale in ye County 
of Westmorland in order to his settlement there ; and hitherto hath 
been continued preaching Lecturer in ye said parish Church of 
Kendale; and hath received after ye rate of 151i p ann due to ye 
Lecturr there in ye despose of ye said Court. Therefore I. James 
Cocke a Member of ye said Court in ye behalf e of myselfe and some 
others of ye said Court do nominate ye said Mr. Jeremiah Marsden 
to continue Lecturr. thereof. Given under my hand & Seale ye day 
& yeare as abovesaid 

Jas. Cocke. 2 

Kemdall 13 Aprill 1659. 

Know all men by these psents that the 8th day of Aprill 1659 there 
was exhibited to the Comrs. &c. a Nominacon of Mr. Jeremiah 
Marsden to bee Lecturer within pish Church of Kendall in ye County 
of Westmerland made to him by James Cocke Alderman a Member 
of the Corporacon in Kendall aforesd in ye behalfe of himselfe & 
others of ye sd Corporacon to whom the power of Nominating a 
Lecturer there doth belong, together &c. In witnes &c. Dated at 
Whitehall ye 8th of Aprill 1659. 

Jo. Nye Regr. 3 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1004. 

2. Ibid., 947, fol. 19. 

3. Ibid., 968. 

96o The Ejected of 1662 

Kendall in 
Westmerland Lecture. 

Mr. Jeremiah Marsden Admitted the 8th. of Aprill 1659 to be 
Lecturer in the psh Church of Kendall in the County of Westmerland 
Upon a Nominacon exhibited the same day from James Cocke Alder- 
man in behalfe of himselfe and other Members of the Corporation in 
Kendall aforesaid to whom the right of Nomination of a Lecturer 
doth belong. And Certificates from [MS. breaks off at this point], i 
Jeremiah Marsden was on intimate terms with Thomas 
Jollie of Wymondhouses, and when the wife of the latter 
died in 1658, he received from his friend at Kendal a letter 
to " comfort him," in which also was a description of the 
" state of religion in that town." ^ As Calamy says, he 
remained at Kendal only a short time. He suffered much 
for his opinions which appear to have been extreme; and 
he was much misunderstood. The better to avoid recogni- 
tion he took the name of Ralphson (son of Ralph), and for 
some time preached to a congregation in London. 
Thoresby, in his Diary, refers to visits paid to his congre- 
gation there in 16T7, though he had been charged by his 
" good Father " not to hear him " as a person less ortho- 
dox." He says that he preached [Sept. 16] " not to my 
great satisfaction seeming, though covertly, to infuse his 
own principles;" also [Oct. 28] that "he made a Sermon, 
but, in my opinion, none of the best. His subject should 
have been that sufferings precede the glory of God's 
children : he more than hinted at Christ's personal 
reign." ^ 

Jeremiah Marsden's death took place in the 58th year 
of his age about 1684.* 

The following also relating to the Schoolmaster is worth 
insertion : — 
New Castle upon 

Tine. By ye Commrs March 31. 1653. 

^ Kendall. 

Whereas there is exceeding Create need of a Schoolemr att Kendall 
in ye County of Westmrland It is therefore ordered that the tithes 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 999. 

2. Jolly's Note Book C.S. (N.S.), vol. 33, p. 129. 

3. Diaries, vol. i, pp. 2, 3, 7. 

4. Vide Calamy and Palmer for a full account of him; also History of 
The Berks, &c. Congregational Churches (Summers), p. 116. 




of Thrinbye at the rent of three poundes Six Shillinges eight pence 
the tithes of Sleagill at the rent of three poundes Six Shillinges eight 
pence the tythes of Greate Strickland at the rent of fours poundes & 
the tithe of Little Strickland at the rent of One pound thirtiene 
Shillinges & foure pence in lease from the Deane & Chapter of Carlile 
be setled upon the Major and Aldermen of Kendall for the time being 
or their Successors to & for the use of a Schoolemr there for the 
encrease of his Maintnnce. 

Tho Lamplugh Henry Horsley Heairy Ogle Tho Cholmley Lu 
Rillingworth John Ogle Tho Craister John Archer Tho Langhorne 
Roger Baternan Edward Winter Wm Dawson/ 

In all probability John Myriell was appointed, for be 
was here in January 1653-4. ^ His removal to Torpenbow 
as Minister led to a vacancy wbicb was filled by E/icbard 
Jackson, as tbe following shows : — 

Kendall. November the 22th 1655. 

Whereas the Comrs for the propagating the Gospell in the ffoure 
Northeme Countyes have setled the yeai'ely Summe of Three pounds 
Six shillings and Eight pence out of the tithes of Thimbye the 
further yearely sume of Three pounds & six shillLngs and eight pence 
out of the tithes of Sleagill the further yearely Sume of ffoure pounds 
cut of the tithes of Great Strickland and the further yearely Sume of 
T.wo pounds thirteene Shillings and ffoure pence out of the tithes of 
Little Strickland all within the County of Westmerland parcell of 
the possessions of the late Deane & Chapter of Carlisle upon the 
Schoolmaster of Kendall in ye said County It is ordered that the same 
bee continued from time to time unto Mr. Eichard Jackson Schoolmr 
of the said Schoole and to bee from time to time continued unto him for 
such time as hee shall descharge the duty of Schoohnr there or untill 
further Order of the said Trustees And that Mr. Edmund Branthwaite 
Receiver doe pay the same unto him accordingly. 

John Thorowgood Edw. Cressett Ri Sydenham Ra. Hall John 
Humfrev. 3 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1006. 

2. Vide pp. 128, 936. 

3 Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 977. 


This place is not to be confused with Crosthwaite near 
Keswick. It lies some six miles south west of Kendal, 
and about the same distance north of the mother Church 
at Heversham. From Kendal the road leads through the 
interesting little village of Underbarrow, already named 
in connection with the Quaker movement. Crosthwaite 
served as a Chapel of Ease for Heversham, and the 
Registers say : — 

Ecclesia Crosthwaitiensis santificata fuit 7 Julij Aimo Dom 1557. 

The Church is dedicated to St. Mary. The first Register 
Book is of paper and much dilapidated; but it has been 
carefully transcribed by the present Vicar. Whellan 
says the Registers begin in 1600, being therein incorrect, 
as he frequently is. The first half dozen pages are mere 
fragments but the following has been deciphered : — . 

of March 


The hole xvijs ixd 

Resayve Dicson forthe yer abouffe 

written for weddings & burialls & kirkins 

xviis ixd By me Richard Bouskell. 

The following also occurs later which supplies the earliest 
date : — 


This Booke made the xxviij daye 
of Marche in the Yeare 
of oure Lorde God [1572] for 
christnings churchings weddings 
& burialls. 

The County Histories make no attempt at any list of 
Incumbents, but the Registers supply the following 
names. It should be remembered that certain dues had 
to be paid by Crosthwaite Chapel to the " maister vicar " 
of Heversham. 

Crosthwaite 963 

Edward Whitbeck, 1572, 

The Eegisters give the following items : — 

Itm payed for Edward Whyttebecke the xxvi daye of Jvdy iiiis 
iiid Received of Nicolas Dixsoai ye xxvii of July iiiis iiid ano Dom. 

Syned (?) by me Edward 
Whitbecke prst ( ?). 
Ano 1573 I Edward Whitbeck was dyscharged the last day of June 
from receiveing off any mo churchings and master vicar shall receive 
theym from thence forthe churchinges I Edward Whitbeck retained 
the alterings frome the last day of June. 

This is the only information about Edward Whitbeck 
which has been obtained. 

Edmund Benn, 1573 — 1595. 

The Registers supply the following : — 

In itm Edmund Ben curate apud de crostwhat the xxv day of 
February ano dom 1573. 

Pd by me Edmund Ben to Mr vicar of Hearsham from Easter last 
till xxix of Sept. [1592} for altings of the church of Crostwhat iil xiiis 
from ye fifth of October. 

1594-5 [Spurious] John Lewis ( ?) sonne filij Jenat Walker bastard 
bapt xxv Feb. Godfathers — John Strickland & Edmund Ben clerk 
Godmother Willm Walker's wiff of Cartmeyell of Height. 

The " churchings " are a feature of the Registers during 
this period and the following is particularly interesting : 
1592-3 Wyf of Rich Gilpin churched iid usual charge [iiid]. 

This occurs between March 9th and 14th. Similarly the 
Tithe Apple. The following is a specimen: — 

1582 Somme total is xxiis viid Tithe aple aellin payed vis viiid 
All this Received for this present year above named by Lancelott 
Gamett to ye use of vicar of Heaversham. 

How long Edmund Benn remained after 1595 there is 
nothing to indicate. The Benn family were numerous 
and influential all along the West Cumberland coast, and 
supplied the Church with several Ministers. 

Richard Foster, 1632. 

It is not clear who immediately followed Edmund 
Benn, and there is a considerable gap here which cannot 

964 The Ejected of 1662 

be filled up. On the first page of the second Eegister 
Book occurs the following : — 

MKS. 11 Jan. 1610. 


said unto the Lord. 

Maister Rowth 

Curate of 

Whether that date is to be associated with the name of 
Rowthe cannot be ascertained : if so, then two persons of 
that name held the living as will appear later. The date 
of Richard Foster's appointment is given thus : — 

Rich. Foster came to Crosthwaite to dwell the last day of May Anno 
dom 1632.' 

The Registers also furnish this further information about 

him : — 

Richus Foster filius Francisci de Rauthmell baptizatus fuit Giglis- 
vicensis templo secundo die Mensis Februarij. 1614. 

Richard Rowthe, 1643. 

He was ordained Priest Dec. 22, 1622, being then 
" literatus Cest. Dio." There is some difficulty in rela- 
tion to Richard Rowthe. The Registers give the follow- 
ing burial entry : — 

Rich. Rowthe Minister of Crosthwait Church was buried the 7th 
day of April 1643. 

They further say : — 

Johaaanes Rowthe filius Richard Rowthe de Aldingham fuit bapti- 
zatus the 26th day of Dec. & born the 25th day before in 1622. 

Baines, however, has John, not Richard Rowthe, as Rector 
of Aldingham, presented to the living in 1614 by Francis 
Wharton. He adds that there must have been some 
irregularity about the Presentation, " for he was reinsti- 
tuted April 22, 1617, on the nomination of Timothy 
Hutton." ■' There is need of some further light if the 
" Richard Rowthe de Aldingham " whose son, John, was 
baptized in 1622, is to be identified with the Crosthwaite 
Minister. The Registers do not make this clear. 

1. Crosthwaite Registers. 

2. Hist, of Lane. (Croston's Ed.), vol. v, p. 575. 



John Clarke, 1643 — 1661. 

The Registers again are our authority, the following 
being extracted from them : — 

John Gierke did enter at Crosthwaite the 10th day of April 1643. 
John Clarke Minister of Crost. buried 28 april 1661. 

It would almost appear that there was a vacancy in 
1646, but the language of the following document is too 
loose to conclude definitely from it; and, until further 
evidence is forthcoming, it is assumed that John Clarke 
kept the position until his death : — 

At the Comttee for plundered Ministers 10 Junij Anno dni 1646. 
By vertue of an Order of both houses of parliament of ye second of 
May last it is ordered that ye yearely sume of forty pounds be payd 
oat of ye impropriate Tythes arising within the Chappellrye of 
Crosthwaite & Lyth within the County of Westmerland sequestred 
from Sr. Rich Hutton Kt. Delinqt. Annexed to the Church of 
Heversham in ye said County declare to and for increase of the 
Maintenance of a Minister to be nominated by the Comttee to the 
Chappell of Crosthwaite & Lythe aforesd his pent maintenance being 
but 4li a yeare notwthstanding all pochiall Rites are pformed here- 
with And the Sequestratrs of the pmisses are required to pay ye sume 
accordingly at such Tymes & Seasons of the yeare as the same are 

Har Grimston.^ 

Certainly there was an interregnum after John Clarke's 
death; but how long it continued we do not know. The 
following relates to the matter : — 

1661 John Cartmell Rec. of me [no name in the Registers] in 

reference to Expenses concerning ministers during the vacancy 5/-. 

Michael (?) Robley, 1664. 

He signs the Transcripts in this year. 

George Birkett, 1666—1684. 

He was ordained Deacon Sept. 20, 1665, being described 
as of the Chester Diocese; and Priest by the Bishop of 
Chester July 4, 1674, being licensed to serve the Cure on 
the same day. So says the Chester Act Book; but the 
Registers give the following : — 

1. S. P. Dom. F. 1 (Record Office). Duplicated in Bodl. MS. 323. 

966 The Ejected of 1662 

Geo. Birkett [another entry adds " minister "] & Ellin Stewardson 
married in Underbarrow chappell June 15, 1643, by Arthur Rowlandson. 

Domina Helena ux : Georgii Birkett Clerici sep. in cella eccl. 
Crosthwtieaisis duodecimo die Maij 1683. 

Mr. Georgius Birkett Clericus et curatus de Crosthwaite Sepult. 
Octavo die martii 1684. 

The following curious entry also in which his name 
occurs is worth preserving : — 
May 9. Ann. Dom. 1678. 

Memorandimi that the day abovesaid the chappel wardens of 
Crosthwait & Lith did agree with Thomas Lickbarrow to make the 
leads of the parochial! chappell there drop dry and to give him three 
pounds ten shillings for his paines & six shillings eight pence yearely 
to keepe it without dropp during his life to be payd within a weeks 
of or after 

Witnese hereof James Srickland 

Toby Knipe James Briggs 

Willm Gamett chappell wardens 

Geo. Birkett Witnes my haaid 

Clerk Tho : Lickbarrow. 

John Rowlandson 

James Heblethwaite, B.A., 1685 — 1707, 

He was ordained Deacon Dec. 21, 1684, by Thomas of 
Carlisle; Priest by Nicholas of Chester June 7, 1691, and 
obtained a faculty to serve as Curate May 14, 1685. The 

Registers contain the following : — 

James Heblethwaite bapt. at Sedburgh 8 July 1661. 
James Heblethwaite was inducted into Crosthwaite Church ye 14th 
day of May 1685 by John Pearson then Ld Bishop of Chester. 
James Heblethwait & Agnes Dickinson nupt. 7 Aug. 1688. 
James Heblethwaite was buried at Corostat. 12 of May 1707.' 

The planting of a yew tree in his day is referred to thus, 
and some difficulty appears to have been experienced in 
the spelling of the word : — 

Ja : Heblethwaite ye then Minister of Crosthwte caused ye Ewe* 
Tree to be planted at ye Church-Lane-head in Jan. 1701 

Mar. 28. 1704. 
Witoies my hand Ja : Heblethwte 
Minister of Crosthwte 
John Gibson 
John Dickinson. 
1. The Transcripts have May 20. 

Crosthwaite 967 

James Heblethwaite was the son of Thomas Heble- 
thwaite of Sedbergh, and great grandson of James Heble- 
thwaite of Heblethwaite Hall. He entered St. John's 
Coll., Cambridge, from Sedbergh Grammar School, at 
the age of 18 years and graduated B.A. in 1683.^ 

Richard Iox, 1710, 

He signs the Transcripts in this year. A person of this 
name, probably the same, signs the Witherslack Registers 
from 1713 to 1742, his death taking place in the latter 

Wm. Noble, 1712. 

The Registers say : — 
Mr. Noble entered ye place at Crosthwaite 1 Nov. 1712. 

Foster gives William Noble, son of Thomas of Bampton 
as graduating B.A. ^ Feb. 26, 1711-12. There was also 
a Charles Noble at St. Bridget's in 1714.3 

Thomas Fell, 1718. 

The Registers merely state that he came to Crosthwaite 
Aug. 2, 1718. He was ordained Deacon Feb. 2, 1718-19. 

1. Sedbergh School Register, p. 102. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Vide p. 834. 



This place, which appears in older documents also as 
Eversham, lies on the estuary of the Kent, which flows 
into Morecambe Bay; and is some half a dozen miles in 
a direct line south of Kendal. Its Church, dedicated to 
St. Mary, replaced an older structure, which was acciden- 
tally burnt down in 1601, "whereby all the monuments, 
seats, bells, organ and other ornaments were utterly 
destroyed." ^ Everything appears to date from this event. 
Nicolson and Burn make no attempt to carry their list of 
Incumbents beyond it ; and 1601 is the date of the oldest 
Register. The original is still in existence, but many of 
its pages are quite illegible. In 1778 John Preston, in a 
neat and careful hand, made a copy, in reference to which 
he thus writes : — 

A copy of all that can be found or is legible of the old Register 
belonging to Heversham Church. 

Unfortunately, occasional brief, but interesting and 
valuable, notes in the margin of the original, are some- 
times wanting in the copy. The following is the list of 
Incumbents : — 

Nicholas Browne, B.D., 1570. 
He was instituted Sept. 22, 1570. 

OiLES Ayliff, — 1588. 

He evidently resigned about that time and died some 
■two years later. The Crosthwaite Registers give the 
following : — 

Giles Ailiphe Clarke lait Vicar of Heaversham depted from this 
world the vii day of May 1590. 

Jeremiah Radcliffe, M.A., D.D., 1588 — 1591. 

He was instituted July 17th, 1588. He was Pensioner 
of Trinity College, Cambridge, May 2, 1567, Fellow, B.A. 

1. Nicolson and Bum, vol. i, p. 195. 

Heversham 969 

1570-1, M.A. 1574, B.D. 1581, D.D. 1588, Vice-Master of 
his College 1579, incorporated, Oxford, July 10, 1600, Vicar 
•of Shudy Camps 1579, of Trumpington, Cambridge 1580, 
•of Eaton Bray, Beds., 1584-7, whence he removed to 
Heversham. He went to Orwell in Cambridge abont 

Thomas Whitwell, 1591—1604. 

He was instituted Oct. 3, 1591, on the cession of 
Jeremiah Hadcliffe. The Crosthwaite Registers again, 
Tinder Feb. 24, 1591-2, have the following: — 

Pay me Thomas Whitwell Vicar 7s. 7d. 

Nicolson and Burn give him as Whitmell. He was here 
when the Church was destroyed by fire ; but he died three 
years after. In 1605, a legacy given by him for 
'' whitening the chancel " was paid.^ 

Thomas Calvert, M.A., 1604- 

He belonged to the Calverts of Cockerham, of whom 
•John and William held the living there in 1571 and 1649 
respectively. He received Institution to Heversham, 
according to the Act Book (Chester Registry), on Oct. 15, 
1604, the vacancy having been caused by the death of 
Whitwell. A second Institution bears date Dec. 19, 1606. 
He appeared before the Bishop of Chester on July 26 
•of that year exhibiting his letters of Presentation "to the 
Rectory of Heisham " [Heysham] by the King's Majesty, 
and seeking Institution which was given on the 26th of 
October following. His possession, however, of Heysham 
was disputed by the Parkinsons of Fairsnape and others, 
and a series of Depositions exists in relation to the matter. 
In the one for 1607/8, in which he appears as plaintiff, he 
is styled "Clerk, vicar of Hearsham."^ He seems even- 
tually to have established his claim and held the living 
until his death in 1638. From the foregoing it will be 
seen that Thomas Calvert was a Pluralist; and he was 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 197. 

3. Ex. Depos. (Record Society, vol. xi), pp. 12, 13; also Baines's 
Hist, of Lane. (Croston's Ed.), vol. v, p. 503. 

970 The Ejected of 1662 

Whitwell's immediate successor. He appears somewhat 
late in tlie Heversham Registers on the fly leaf of the 
original being the following : — 

Thomas Calverte vicar of Eversham 1621. 

In the body of the Registers also is this entry, which 
doubtless refers to the same individual : — 

1612 Willm sonn of Tho. Calvert bapt. the 8th day of May. 

Another entry gives " Elizabeth Daute of Nicholas Cal- 
vert " baptized on Aug. 4th, 1611, who was probably a 
relative. It would appear that Thomas Calvert was 
resident at Heysham, his place at Heversham being sup- 
plied by Curates. The names are given subsequently of 
such as occur in the Registers. Thomas Calvert's Will 
was proved within the Archdeaconry of Richmond in 
1638, and in it he is styled " Clerk, rector of Heisham.'^ 
Thomas Calvert, Theoder Herring, Edward Bowles and 
Nathaniel Rathband all appear as Ministers of the Cathe- 
dral Church of York, in 1649, the four receiving the sum 
of £450 as salary for nine months ending Dec. 25, 1649.^ 
James Calvert, M.A., was ejected from TopclifEe, and 
Richard Calvert was at Selby, Yorks., in 1654; but whether 
these were relatives has not been ascertained. 

The following are the Curates : — 

Thomas Wyllan, 1610. 

The Registers give the following : — 
Burialls : Anno 16i0 Julye Thomas Wyllan Clarke on the 15th day. 

The word " Clarck " is not decisive evidence, though, 
judging from its use in these Registers, it points strongly 
in that direction. 

James Wakefield, 1621 — 1626. 

On a fly leaf in the original Registers against the date 
1621, appears the following : — 
James Wakefield curate 

In the Registers against 1626 is this insertion : — 
Here ends Mr. Wakefield's Curateshippe. 

1. Shaw's Hist. Eng. Ch., vol. ii, p. 550. 

Heversham 97 1 

The following baptismal entries also occur : — 
Isabella filia Mr. Jacob Wakefield bapt. 15th Aprilis 1621 
1623 Aprill, Alice the Daughter of James Wakefield Clarke 15 Die. 
1625, November, Agnes the Daughter of James Wakefield Gierke 
6 Die. 

For the Wakefields the reader is referred to the Win- 
dermere account.^ 

Hi CHARD Hudson, 1627 — 1635. 

At the foot of the page of the Registers against March 
1627, appears " Eichard Hudson Curate " ; and against 

'' Julye 17, 1635," is the following : — 
Here ends Sr. Hudson's Curateshippe. 

The following entries relate to the baptism of his children. 

1629 June. Maudlene the Daughter of Richard Hudson Gierke 
28th. Die. 

1631 November. Robertus filius Richardi Hudson Cleri et Ecclesiae 
hujus Ministri baptizatus Die nono. 

1633 Aprill. Thomas filius Richardi Hudson Gleri et Eccq. hujus 
Ministri baptizatus Septimo Die. 

The following also under the list of burials : — 

1631 November Robert sonne of Richard Hudson Gierke and 
Minister of this Ghurch sepulted 27th. Die. 
So far everything is clear; the difficulty begins after 

1635. The following entries also appear: — 

1635 October. Jana filia Richardi Hudson bapt. Die. duodecimo. 
1637 February. Sarai filia Mri. Richardi Hudson baptd. vicesso 
6" Die. 

1640 June. Dorothea filia Richardi Hudson Clarke bapta primo. 

1643 Aprill. Edwardus filius Richardi Hudson, Clarke, bapt. 16°. 

Under burials : — 

1636. Jana filia Mr. Richard Hudson Sepulta Decimo nono Die 

1638-9 Januari] Sarah filia Richardi Hudson Gleri Seplta in Ecc. 
4° Die. 2 

1. Vide p. 1038. 

2. Other Hudson entries are the following, but whether referring to 
the same individual is not certain : — " Weddings. 1612 October Richard 

Hudson and Margrett Backhouse Maryd. the vi of October. 

1620 November Richardus Hudson and EUena Holme Marit. Novem- 
ber primo. 

Burial. 1620 September. Filius abortivus Richardi Hudson Sept. 
Isepulted] September 1st. 

972 The Ejected of 1662 

Whether the Clerk has made a mistake in the date or 
Hudson actually terminated his Curateship in 1635 does 
not appear; it will, however, be noticed that Richard 
Hudson ceased to be called " Minister of this Church " 
after 1635; and the word " Cleri " or "Clarke" is not 
of sufficiently definite significance to say precisely what 
position he occupied after that date.^ 

Thomas Bigge, 1638—1645. 

He was presented by Thomas Comber, S.T.P., November 
15, 1638, and his Bond bears date December 21, 1638. 
The name appears in the Registers first in 1641. The 
Bigge entries may be -conveniently given here : — 

Baptisms : — 

1641 Katherina filia Thomae Bigge Bapt. Julij 25°. 
1643 Thomas filius Thomae Bigge VicarbapEodem DieFebruarij. 4°. 
1646 Ann the Daughter of Mr. Thomas Bigge Bapt. May 10. 
1647-8 John the son of Mr. Thomas Bigge baptd March 21st. 
1654 Bridget the Dautr. of Mr. Thomas Bigge baptd July 6. 
1658 Mary the Dautr. of Mr. Thomas Bigge baptd Aprill 6°. 

Burials : — 

1649 Johannes filius Thomae Bigge Cleri Sepult. tertio Die. Julij. 

Thomas Bigge was sequestered about 1645 ; but he 
continued to reside in the neighbourhood; and it is 
interesting to note in the Registers the baptisms of his 
children alternating with those of Samuel Cole who 
succeeded him. He was still called " Cleri," a fact which 
bears upon what has been advanced in relation to Richard 

Samuel Cole, 1646. 

In the Westmorland Certificate for 1646 he is simply 

1. In the Registers also appears the following : — "1631 September 
Anna filia Mr. Richardi Benson Cleri sepulta secundo Die." This was 
during Richard Hudson's Curateship. We have also this : — " Henricus 
filius Mr. Gulielmi Benson bapt. Aprilis secundo 1621." 


Heversham 973 

called " Mini, of Heversham " ; and the Augmentation 
of his stipend is referred to in the following : — 

Westmorland. At the Comtte for plundered Ministrs Junij 10 
Anno Dni. 1646. By vertue of an Order of both howses of Parliamt. 
of ye second of May last It is orderd that ye remaindr. of ye 
pfitts of ye Impropriate Rectory of Crostwhait and Lythe within the 
pish of Heversham in ye County of Westmerland sequestred from 
Sr. Richard Hutton Kt. Delinqnt over and above the forty pounds 
a yeare graunted to ye Minister of ye Chapell of Crosthwaite and 
Lythe not exceeding thirty pounds p ann be payd to Samuell Cole 
Viccar of Heversham aforesaid the Viccaridge whereof is worth but 
541i a yeare and the Sequestrators of the pmises are required to pay 
ye same accordingly at such tymes and Seasons of ye yeare as ye said 
pfitts are due and payable. 
Har Grimston.^ 

Heversham. June 10, 1646. 

By vertue &c ordered that the remainder of the profitts of the 
Impropriate Rectorie of Crosthwaite & Lyth in the pish of Heversham 
in the Countie of Westmerland over & above the 40li a yeare 
graunted to the Minister of the Chappell of Crosthwaite & Lyth not 
exceeding 301i p. ann. be paid to Samuell Cole Vicar of Heversham 
aforesd the Viccarage whereof is worth but 54li a year, and the 
Sequestra &c.^ 

Decemb. 9. 1648. 
Heversham By vertue &c It is ordered yt ye yearely sume of 
501i 501i be allowed & pd out of ye pffitts of ye 

Rect. Beetham. Impropriate Rectory of Beetham in the County of 
Westmerland for increase of ye maintence of Mr. Samuell Cole 
Minister of Heversham in the said County his pent maintence beinge 
but 501i a yeare And ye Seqrs &c. 3 

The following relates to the Fifths for the wife and 

children of Thomas Bigge : — 

November 2. 1646. 

Upon the humble peticon of Anne the wife of Thomas Bigge from 

whom the Benefice of Heversham in the County of Westmerland is 

sequestred It is ordered that the said Mrs. Bigge shall have for 

& towards the maintennce of her & her children the full cleere 5th pte 

of all the tythes Rents gleab lands & Eastr booke of the said benefice 

(all taxes & charges first deducted out of the whole unlesse good 

1. S. P. Dom. F. 1 (Record Office) ; Duplicated in Bodl. MS. 323. 

2. Bodl. MS. 323. 

3. Ihid., 325. 

974 The Ejected of 1662 

Cause in writenge shewen to the Contrary before the Comittee of 
pliamt for the sd County the said Mr. Bigge & his wife yeilding all 
due obedience to the said Sequestracon- The examinacon of wch 
cause (if there be any) this Comttee doe referre to the Comttee of 
the sd Countie or any three of them who are desired to heare the pties 
on both sides therein & to call before them to examine the witnesses 
yt shalbe produced as well for proofe of the sd cause as on the 
pte & behalfe of the said Mrs. Bigge for the justifying of her & 
the paymt of the sd 5th pte & to determine the differences betweene 
them if they can or otherwise to Certifie to this Committee the whole 
busynes wth their opinion therein.^ 

William Cole, in his letter to Lord Wliartoiij^ refers to 
Samuel Cole, who had taken the place of the Ejected Vicar 
of Heversham, as his brother; and Henry Masy, in his 
letter of February 1645/6,^ speaks of the two Coles as 
having lately come from London. These were William 
and Samuel. He further tells about their getting into 
trouble through a struggle near Milnthorpe, where a 
" Malignant " was killed. It appears that Samuel was 
Captain in the Parliamentary Army, and his brother, 
William, may have been the same. ^ The Heversham 
Registers give the two following entries : — 

1646 William the sonn of Mr. Samuel Cole baptd May 26. 

1647 Elizabeth the Dautr of Mr. Samuel Cole baptd October 17th. 

The above named son, William, was buried on August 31, 

Samuel Cole left about 1650, became Minister of 
Wybonbury in Cheshire, and subsequently was at Duffield 
in Derbyshire, where he was silenced at the Restoration, 
though he does not appear in Calamy's list. The follow- 
ing relates to him : — 

The humble petition of Katherine the wife of Humphrey Collina 
of the Baryate in the parish of Duffield in the Countey of Darby. 

To the Illustrious and most high and Mightey Prince Charles the 
Second by the Grace of God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland 
Kinge defender of the faith. 

1. Bodl. MS. 324. 

2. Vide p. 1016. 

3. Vide p. 889. 

4. Vide p. 975. 

Heversham 975 


Sheweth to your Maiestie, that your Maties poore sublet is inforced 
to make her case plainly knowne to yor Matie shee and her daughter 
beinge Mightely wronged, by one Mr. Samuel Coles, which was a 
Minister in the unhappie time of unnaturall warre, and since yor 
Gratious Maiesties Restauration and happie enioyment, of yor Royall 
throne hath given over preachinge, because the said Mr. Samuel Coles 
would not subscribe to the Caainons of the Church of England. And 
the sayd Mr. Samuel Coles doth wrongfully and without just cause, 
detaine from your Maiesties poore petitioner and subiect, certaine 
lands with one house and other buildings theere xmto belongeimge 
hee haveinge noe just right or title to the same, which said lands 
and buildings for the space of two hundred yeares and above, did 
■belomge to the Mathewes in Tutbury — otherwise caUed Tylbury in the 
County of Stafford, which buildings are two and twentey bayes, 
and thertey foure acres of land which was but Morgiged for thertey 
pounds noe time limited for the releisment [releasement], Y"or 
Maiesties poore petitioner and subject made meanes to pcure money 
for the releisment of the sayd lands for her daughters good, which is 
the Right heire, but the said Mr. Samuel Coles doth refuse and will 
not receive the sayd mony, but saith ths land is his owne, to the 
utter ruin and undoinge of yor Maties poore petitioair and her 
daughter, beinge unable to wage law, and beinge in the times of the 
last unaturall warrs undone by souldiers. Soe yor Mateis poore 
petitionr and subiect doth most humbly beseech yor Matie, that yor 
Matie will be soe farre graciously pleased to graunt to yor poore 
petitionr such order that the said Mr. Samuel Coles may show either 
-at the Assises to yor Maties Judges or else at the Sessions to yor 
Maties Justices of the Peace and Query what Right and title the said 
Mr. Coles can hold his land wrongfully detained by. And the said 
Mr. Samuel Coles was a Captaine for the pliament im the unaturall 
warrs which kept yor Maties petitionr in subiection giveinge her 
many threateninge words and with held it by force, boastSnge that 
his purse is wider & syder than yor poore petitionrs is. Soe prayinge 
dayly for yor Maiesties health and happinesse here one earth, And 
that the lord will Crowne yor Matie with an everlastinge Crowne 
in the blessed blisse of heaven when this Mortall life is ended, 
which God grant for his Sonne Christ Jesus Sakes. 

[End.] Peticon of Katherine Colins praying his Maties ffavr against 
one Mr. Coles a Nonconformist Ministr who detained some Lands &c 
unjustly from ye Petitionr who for povertie is not able to sue him 
in Law.' 

There is no date to this document, but it is among the 
1665 Petitions. 

1. S. P. Dom. Car. ii, vol. 142, Pt. I, fol. 46. 

976 The Ejected of 1662 

Richard Tatham in 1654. 

His approval by the Cromwellian Commissioners is- 
given in the following terms : — 

Richard Tatham. 

Know all &c. the ninth day of May in the yeare 

Rich. Tatham 1654 There was exhibited to the Comrs. for 

Cert, asaforsd approbation &c. An order of the Comissionrs for 

By propagation of the Gospell in the ffoure Northeme 

Counties whereby Mr. Richard Tatham of 

Th Widdington Heversham in ye County of Westmerland is setled 
Tho. Wilson as publique preacher there And to receive and 

John Smith enioy the Tithe of Barton and Cowby in Lease 

of Kirkbey from the late Deane & Chapter of Carlisle The 

Longdale. tithe Bame of Hartley & Musgrave and two parts 

of the Tithe Corne of Selsyde and Helbecke as in 

ye said order is exprest The Comrs for Approbation of publique 
preachers being thereunto desired in the behalfe of the said Richard 
Tatham and finding him to be a person qualified as in and by the- 
ordinance for such approbation is required Doe by these psents 
ratifie conferme and allow him the said Richard Tatham to continue 
as publique preacher there and to receive possesse and enjoy all Rents 
duties and profitts whatsoever by vertue of the said Order setled 
upon him In witnesse whereof they have caused the Comon Seale 
to be hereunto affixed and the same to be attested by the hand of the 
Regester by his Highnesse im that behalfe appointed. Dated at 
Whitehall the 20th day of November 1654.' 

Richd. Tatham. 28 ffebr. 1654. 

The like order for Mr. Richard Tatham of Heversham in the 
County of Westmorland upon an order of the Comrs. for approbacon 
9 Maij 1654 directed to Westmland.^ 

Haversham. April 5. 1655. 

Mr. Tatham ye value 4011 allow him out of Warton, Lanc.3 

Richard Tatham removed to Kirkby Lonsdale, being 
instituted to the living there in December, 1657. 

John Wallace or Wallis, M.A., in 1658. 

Calamy gives John Wallis as an Ejected Minister and 
states that he " preach'd for some time at Kendal." In. 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min), 997. 

2. S. P. Dom. Inter., G. 22 (Record Office). 

3. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1021. 



the account of Kendal it was shown that that could not 
have been the case. Calamj adds : — 

He is reported to have been of so scandalous a life in several 
Respects, that his Memory is not worth preserving : And yet I was 
not willing wholly to omit him, least it should be charg'd upon me as 

Palmer in his Edition of Calamy repeats this. Every- 
thing points to the fact that this was John Wallace of 
Heversham, and that it was thence that he was ejected. 
He appears in various places as Wallace, Wallas, and 

What was conjectural up to this point has been proved 
to be true by the discovery at the last moment in the 
Walker MSS, of a list of Ejected Ministers in which 
Wallace appears against Heversham. ^ It is strange that 
Calamy who saw this list should have departed from it. 
Previous to being at Heversham he was at Grasmere, 
his Presentation to that place being dated July 28, 1653,. 
and the name is there given as Wallace. A full account 
of the charges brought against him is given under 
Grasmere. ^ The baptism of a son is thus recorded in the 
Heversham Registers : — 

1659 November William the sonn of Mr. John Wallace bapt. the 
29th Die. 

In the account of the General Sessions for the County, 
April 20, 1663, we have the following, but unfortunately 
the name of the place is not supplied : — 

Brian Walker one of the Grand Jury doth p'sent John Wallas- 
Clarke for not readinge the order of Comon prayer. 
Recog. Johnes Wallas Cleric, 
recogn xxl. 

Sur Condicon yt ye said John Wallas shall pscnally appeare at ye 
said Sessions to answer such mres as shall be obiected agt him, in ye 
means time to be of good behaviour &c. 

1. Calamy, vol. ii, p. 753. 

2. Vide p. 80. 

3. Vide p. 1063. 


The Ejected of 1662 

Order. Lett a warrt of good behaviour goe out agt John Wallas 
Gierke to bringe him before some of his Majties Justices of peace to 
enter recog. for his app. px session to answere such mres as shall be 
objected agt him &c.^ 

John Wallace was ejected and subsequently imprisoned. 
The reference is to him where Daniel Fleming, who, of 
course would know him well, in January, 1664, speaks of 
■" Wallis an ejected minister sent prisoner to appleby for 
three months on the last Act of Uniformity." ^ The 
Wallaces were a local family and the Crosthwaite E-egis- 
iers abound with the name. It is almost certain that 
John Wallace belonged to that place. 

Thomas Bigge, 1661 — 1677. 

The E-estoration secured the return of Thomas Bigge. 
He petitioned the House of Lords for this in June, 1660, 
and his suit was ultimately successful. The following is 
a copy of the Petition : — 

To the right honrble the Lords in 

Parliamt Assembled 
The humble Petition of Thomas Bigge Gierke 
rector of Heversham in the Gounty of Westmorland 

That your Petitioner was about 18 [this appears to have been rubbed 
out and written in later] yeares since lawfully presented Instituted and 
Inducted to the rectory aforesaid, and for some yeares quietly enioyed 
the same but about 16 yeares since was by the late usurped powers 
most illegally elected and kept from the same and from the exercise 
of his ministeriall duety there onely for his Loyaltie and good 
affection to his Matie of blessed memory. 

I attest the truth of this Wherefore your Petitioner 
petition and subscription humblely prayeth your Lopps 
generall order for the securing 
of the tythes, gleabes and 
other profitts of or belonging 
to the said rectory into the hands of 
the Churchwardens or Overseers 
of the poore of the seiid parish 
untill your Petitioners title 
shall be determined by due course 
of Law 

And he shall ever pray &c 
Tho. Bigge. 

I. The Kendal Indictment Book. 2. Vide p. 114. 

■witness© my hand ye 
1st day of September 
Lancelott Walker. 
J. Bamards Junr. 

Heversham 979 

These are to Certify whome it may Conceme That Thomas Bigge 
Gierke was legally possessed of ye Viccaridge of Hevsham in the 
County of Westmland And was Sequestred for his loyalty to his late 
Majesty of blessed memory amd yt since June 1644 he hath beene kept 
from possession of the sd Vickaridge. 


On the outside of this dociimeiit appears tlie following : — 
d'd ye 1st. of September 1660 the petition of Thomas Bigge Clerke 
of Heuersham in ye County of Westmland.^ 

Besse calls him Thomas Briggs, and says that in 1664 at 
his suit, Robert Story and some other Quakers were sued 
in the Exchequer for tithes, " but that after their 
Apprehension, it was discovered that the Priest had 
proceeded illegally against them, and that they had a 
manifest Advantage both against him and the Commis- 
sioners for their false Imprisonment : Nevertheless they 
rendred not Evil for Evil, but freely forgave them having 
learned the Christian Doctrine of loving Enemies, of 
doing Good to those that hated them, and praying for 
those who despitefully used and persecuted them." ^ 

He appeared and exhibited with Tho. Lodge as "Lud- 
magr." at the Bishop's Visitation July 2, 1674. Thos. 
Lodge was licensed "Ludimagister Literae Scholae Gram, 
p. John. Cest." June 19, 1661. 

Thomas Bigge remained at Heversham until his death.. 
The Registers note his burial thus : — 

1676 Mr. Tho. Bigge vicar buried March the 19th. 

Walker does not mention him among his Sequestered 
Clergy . 

William Burrell, M.A., 1677. 

He was ordained Deacon, December 22, 1672, and insti- 
tuted on August 1st, 1677, the vacancy being caused by 
the death of Thomas Bigge . 

1. House of Lords' Library; vide also H.M.C., 7th Rep., Pt. I, p. 105. 

2. Sufferings of the Quakers, vol. ii, p. 13. 

•980 The Ejected of 1662 

Thomas Milner, 1678. 

He was instituted April 30, 1678, on the resignation of 
William Burrell. 

Thomas Eidley, 1686. 

He was instituted April 1, 1686, on tlie Presentation of 
ihe Master, &c.. Trinity College, Cambridge. 

George Farmer, M.A., 1691—1723/4. 

He was ordained Priest by Thomas of Lincoln, Sept. 21, 
1689, and on the same Presentation as the last instituted 
and inducted on the same day. May 21, 1691, by Nicholas 
of Chester, the vacancy being caused by the death of 
Thomas Pidley.^ The Registers note his burial thus: — 
Burialls 1723/4 Feby. 7 The Reverend Mr. Geo. Fanner vicar of 

Hevrsham Batchelor. 

1. Vide Act Book (Chester Reg.) for these. 


This village is about two miles south of Milnthorpe, the 
nearest station being Sandside. The Church is a very old 
ioundation, and is dedicated to St. Michael. The oldest 
Register Book in existence begins in 1604. It is in the 
form of a roll, and in a most dilapidated condition, having 
•evidently been much exposed to damp. A copy was taken 
in 1769 in reference to which we have the following : — 
A Copy of the Register of Beetham Church drawn by me 
Wm Hutton vicar 
Memorandum. 1769. 

by W. Hutton 1769. 
I believe this copy of the Register will be of no Service in point of 
Law ; however It will preserve from oblivion for many Years such 
names of our Forefathers as without It wou'd have very soon perished. 
Whoever will consult the oldest of our Registers wch contains a Period 
from 1604 to 1658 will see how near It is arriv'd to a State 
of Illegibility Whoever examines this copy by It will see the 
Difficulties I have met with in this my Labour; and here I must 
declare that as the love of my mative Parish was the reason of my 
Undertaking such a work so have I faithfully executed It ; no stranger 
cou'd have done It; for my Knowledge of the names of families 
greatly assisted me: and without this had been familiar to me I must 
often have been at an absolute loss. In the first years the Hand- 
writing is of such kind ; that It took me much time to study the 
Letters & abreviations A copy here wou'd have been of no Service, a 
future generation cou'd not nave Understood It ; Many words are not 
therefore wrote in the same character, where I was sure that I knew 
the name, wherever I cou'd not be positive there I have wrote the 
words a true copy rather than pawn upon future Times a wrong name. 
For an example of the difficulty I have had I beg my Reader to look 
at this Copy as well as the Original in Christenings Augt 22d 1608. 
These observations will only hold for the first fifty years, thro the 
whole no pains have been spared to make the work faithful and 

by Wm. Hutton 

Vicar of Beetham.^ 

1. He was Vicar of Beetham from 1762 to 1811, and left in MS., 
recently published (The Beetham Repository), the results of his careful 
gleanings about his native Parish during those long years. There is, 
however, little in the pamphlet bearing upon our period. 

982 The Ejected of 1662 

It was this copy that I used though the original was care- 
fully inspected. Unfortunately the copyist is not always^ 
faithful to the original spellings, but in other respects the 
work appears to have been carefully done. Nicolson and 
Burn's list of Incumbents is defective, and from this- 
Whellan has copied. The following covers the period 
with which we are concerned : — 

Egbert Had win, 1588. 

He was instituted November 4th of that year. 

Edward Halstead, 1607. 

He was instituted August 6, 1607, and died in 1612/3 
as the following shows : — 

Mr. Halstead vicar of Beetham buried the xvth of January 1612. 

There is, however, some difficulty in reference to Edward 
Halstead's career. It would appear that for some reason 
or other he had had to relinquish his living some time 
previously, and that Edward Fisher had replaced him. 
Such seems to be the significance of the following entry 
in the Registers : — 


That Mr. Edward Halstead did reenter his Vicaradge and 
charge of this Book at Mr. Fisher's hande the te>nth Day of January 

Probably this is the person who, along with other Clergy 
of the district, figures in the dispute about the Church 
and Rectory of Heysham in 1607/8, in which Thomas 
Calvert was plaintiff.^ 

Edward Fisher, 1614—1642. 

He was instituted January 17, 1614. The Fishers were 
an important Kendal family, several of this name appear- 
ing as Oxford graduates, though the Beetham Incumbent 

1. Ex. Dep. (Kecord Society Series), vol. xi, p. 12. 

Beetham 983 

has not been identified with any of them. The following- 
references to him are in the Registers : — 

All alterages and Mortuaries due before the last of October 1615 & 
herein before expressed discharged by Mr. Edward Fisher upon an 
Accompt thats due taken by Anthony Warde 
ffr Dukett 

Anthony Warde. 
Mem. vis viiid by Sr. Edward Fisher and allowed in his wages at 
Mych. last by me Ffr. Duckett. 

At the foot of the page headed burials, in 1641, is the 
following which of course is Mr. Hutton's : — 


Many of the Dates in this year are irregular and placed at Random 
in the last Pages of the old Register from Hence till the year 1662 
I can only find a few names as follow & these with difficulty I have 
collated from the confusion in wch they are inserted. 

The Heversham Registers give the baptism of Edward 
Fisher's child in the following terms : — 

1619 February Robertus filius Mr. Edwardi ffisher bapt. Febrij. 

In the Beetham Registers his burial entry is given 
thus : — 

Edwardus Fisher vicarius de Bethom sepult vicessimo quinto die 
Aprilis 1642. 

Reference has already been made to the reinstitution of 
Edward Halstead in 1612, and it would appear that up to 
that time Edward Fisher was in charge. Information, 
however, in relation to these matters is too scanty to 
permit of a clear pronouncement. The County Histories 
say that on Edw.ard Fisher's death he was succeeded by 
George Bennison, but at least one other person held the 
living before him. 

William Moone or Mohun, 1644. 

This is quite a new name, but his Institution, on a 
Presentation by the King, was on June 10, 1644. In the 
"Westmorland Certificate for 1646 he is named in connec- 
tion with Beetham, and is described as " a very weake 

984 The Ejected of 1662 

and unable minr." How long he held the living does not 
appear but he was here at the end of 1648 : — 

Beet. ibm. Decemb. 9th Anno Dom. 1648. 

By vertue &c It is ordered yt ye yearely sume of 50li be allowed & 
paid out of ye pfitts of ye Impropriate Rectory of Beetham in the 
County of Westmrld Sequestred from Anthony Duckett delinquent 
to and for increase of ye maintence of Mr. Wm. Mohun Minister of 
Beetham aforesd the Vicarage whereof is worth but 13li a yeare 
And ye Seqrs &c as ye sd pfRtts shall grow &c.* 

George Bennisox, 1664. 

In the Registers we have the following : — 

Georgius Bennison et Elizabeth Bacchus in Matrimonio Conjuncti 
nonadie febru A.D. 1647. 

There can be little doubt that this was the person in 
question ; though he could not have been Vicar at the 
time. Possibly in view of William Moone's condition he 
became such shortly after. In 1661 it is stated that 

" Geo. Bennison vicar and John Backhouse and John 

churchwardens " bought a new Register Book for the 
" Parish of Beethome " ; while, in 1662, occurs the burial 
entry of " Elizabeth filia Georgii Bennison Clerici." At 
the Restoration he appears to have conformed; and, as in 
the case of many others, made his position doubly secure 
by seeking reinstitution. This took place on October 22, 
1662, on a Presentation by the King. Xicolson and Burn 
say that he resigned in 1665; but he was gone in 1664 
when his successor was appointed. 

John Bhockbank, 1664. 

He was ordained Deacon by George of Chester, Decem- 
ber 21, 1662 ; Priest by the same December 20, 1663 ; and 
instituted on a Presentation from the King on September 
13, 1664. The Registers give the following: — 

Johannes filius Johannis Brockbanke de Haslerigg in Parochia 
Cartmell in Com. Lane, baptizatus fuit vigessimo sexto die mensis 
Januarii Anno Dom. 1620. 

1. Bodl. MS., 325. 



In reference to this, Wm. Hutton makes the following 
" observat." : — 

This Register seems a copy of one at Cartmell entered Here by 
Mr. Brockbanke who was made Vicar a little after 1660. 

The following also appears in the Registers : — 

March the 24th (64) accounted wth Mr. John Brockbanke Vickar 
for all Marriages Crestinnings & Burialls for this year (64) In all 
amounting unto -01-07-06. Wharoff Rec. by Mr. Brockbanke wch 
he hath accounted the day and date above written unto me ffor the 
sunie off -01-04-08. The rest wharof I doe acknowledge the date 
first above written 

By mee 
James Duckett. 

John Brockbank appeared and exhibited as Yicar at the 
Bishop's Visitation July 2, 16T4. He obtained a license 
to serve the Cure of Witherslack on June 23, 1671, and 
held this in conjunction with Beetham for some time. 
Nicolson and Burn say that he resigned Beetham in 1670, 
but that must be incorrect, though he subsequently 
removed to Witherslack, where he remained until 1712. 

In the " Beetham Repository " appears the copy of a 
" Paper to shew Futurity the Poverty of the Vicarage of 
Beetham in 1670." It is addressed to the Bishop of 
Chester and from it the following is extracted : — 

About five years since, we prevailed with Mr. John Brockbank to 
become our Minister who having obtained his Majesty's Presentation 
has since been call'd on for First Fruits (which in the King's Books are 
£13. 7. 6) & for the not payment of them (there being no Vicarage 
Dues to raise them out of, which made him conceive the payment of 
them belong'd to the Impropriator who enjoys all the Profits) he was 
■ lately attached by a writ out of the Exchequer for £26. 15. 0. and 
is now a Prisoner in Kendal where he is like to continue to our great 
Prejudice & his own undoing being but low in Estate, & in danger 
also to be caJl'd on for Arrearages of Tenths both for his own time 
& his Predecessors nor shall we hereafter expect any Provision 
for our Souls, which will certainly encrease the number of Quakers 
who are already too numerous in these parts & much discourage those 
who are desirous of means of Grace, & not able to Travel to 
other Churches under all which Prejudices we have no hope of 
redress unless by your Lordships Power and Mediation.' 

1. P. 162. 


The Ejected of 1662 

A person of this name was at Ingleton in 1667. John 
Brockbank's son, Thomas, matriculated at Queen's College, 
Oxford, October 24, 1687, aged 18 ; took his B.A. in 1692 ; 
and his M.A. from St. Mary Hall in 1694.i 

William Jackson, B.A., 1683—1709. 

He was ordained Deacon by John of Chester September 
22, 1672 ; Priest by the same, September 21, 1673 ; insti- 
tuted April 13, 1683, and inducted the same day by the 
Bishop ; and obtained a Faculty to teach the School in the 
Parish, September 22, 1673. ^ He was the son of Eichard 
Jackson, Rector of Whittington, Lancashire, and was 
educated partly at Sedbergh and partly at Kirkby Lons- 
dale. He entered St. John's College, Cambridge, in 
1644.^ The following Jackson entries are taken from the 
Registers : — 

Gulielmus Jackson clericufi et Dorothea Salkeld Juncti sunt in 
conaiubio octavo die Januarij A.D. 1674. 

Tho. filius Gulielmi Jackson Vicarii baptizatus fuit sexto die mensia 
Octobris Anno Dom. 1675. 

Judeth filia G. Jackson vicar baptizata fuit quinto die mensia 
Decembris Anno Dom. 1676. 

Elizabetlia filia Gulielmi Jackson Clerici baptizata fuit nono die 
Junii A.D. 1679. 

Maria filia Gulielmi Jackson Clerici baptizata fuit duodecimo die 
Octobris Anno Dom. 1681. 

All these follow in immediate succession, and they seem 
to indicate that Jackson had already charge of the living 
at an early date. The Act Book, however, gives his Insti- 
tion both under April 13 and 30, 1683, on the Presentation 
of the King " per lapsum." Doubtless the explanation is 
that he was serving as Curate for Brockbank until 1683, 
and that that date marks Brockbank's relinquishment of 
the living. He died in 1709, the following being his 
burial entry : — 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 
3. ' Sedbergh School Register, p. 80, 



Gulielmus Jackson qui fuit hujus Ecclesiae Pastor fidelissimus 
sepultus erat decimo quarto die Septembris 1709 in hac Parochia annoe 
ferme quadraginta curam animarmn habuit obiit Aetat. 68 et nunc 
requiescit in Domino. 

This district was early affected by the Quaker move- 
ment, and that it long found considerable support here 
the following items testify : — 

In 1651. I find Chr. Bisbrown of Arnside a Churchwarden but he 
turned Quaker & wou'd not act. The Court fin'd Him 5s. [This of 
course is Hutton's entry in the Registers.] 

Marriages 1664. 

Thomas Preston et Agneta Pie de Overthwaite not married by me 
but taken one another being Quakers. ' 

Appeale. Easter 1699. 

James Whereas it appears to this Court upon the Appeale of 

Kellett James Kellett that there hath been Judgement Granted agt 
the said James by 2 of his Maties Justices of the peace at 
the Complaint of William Jackson CI. Viccor of the parish 
& parish Church of Bethome for some ptended arreares of 
Tyeth & small dues & the said Wm. Jackson not defending 
the said appeale according to notice given It is therefore 
ordered by this Court yt ye said Judgemt be Sett aside & 
made void &c.^ 

It may be added that in the vestry of the Church is 
quite an interesting collection of important documents, 
together with a considerable library of old books, which 
would probably repay careful examination. 

1. Beetham Registers. 

2. The Kendal Order Book. 


Burton lies at the extreme south of the County in the 
valley of the Ken, on the old Carlisle Road. The Church 
is dedicated to St. James. The Registers begin in 1653 
as the following shows : — 

This register begins in 1653 during ye usurpation of Oliver Cromwell 

two ( ?) years after the death of Charles I. 

Nicolson and Burn make no attempt at a list of 
Incumbents ; whilst Whellan begins his with 1655 ; and 
it is not accurate at that. The following names have 
been obtained, the Chester Act Book being the authority 
for the early ones : — 

Christopher Hudson, 1579 — 1580. 

He was instituted June 19, 1579, on the resignation of 
Richard Patchett. 

J. Williamson, 1580—1584. 

He was instituted September 23, 1580, on the death of 

H. CuRWEN, M.A., 1584—1599. 

He was instituted October 20, 1584, on the death of 
Williamson. Foster gives the following respecting him : 
" M.A. Cambridge, incorp. [Oxford] 14 July, 1584 (Henry 
Curway, B.A. from St. John's Coll. Cambridge, 1580), 
Yicar of Burton, Yorks [Lane], 1584, perhaps son of 
William, and father of another William, who died Yicar 
of Crosby Ravensworth early in April 1685, aged 93." ^ 

MiLo Dawson, 1599—1622. 

He was instituted Sept. 9, 1599, on the death of Curwen. 

Henry Johnson, 1622. 

He was instituted February 27, 1622, on the resignation 
of Milo Dawson, and was here in 1646, being referred to 

1. Al. Ox. 



in the Westmorland Certificate as " minr of Burton, one 
whoe hath formerlie Complyed wth ye enemie, but hath 
since taken the Covent, and the oath of the 5th of Aprill."^ 
How long he remained after this has not been ascertained. 
The following refers to the Augmentation of the 
Minister, but unfortunately the name, if any, is not 
given : — 

Burton in Kendall. Julij 2. 1646. 

Ordered that the yearly sume of " 501i be pd out of Impropriate 
tithes of Burton " " Sequestred from Sr John Preston papist to & 
for increase of the maintennce of the Minister of the pish Church 
of Burton in Kendall." Vicarage not worth above 321i p. Ann.^ 

There is some difficulty about the next two : — 

EicHARD Croft, 

This is quite a 
following : — 
Burton in Kendall 

Rich. Croft 
pres. 25. Nov. 1653 
Rich. Croft 
Cert, as aforesd by 
John Hewley 
Tho. Heber of 

Rich. Jackson of 
Rich, ft'awcett of 

1653 (?). 

new name, but the authority for it is the 

Know all &c the ninth day of June in the yeare 1654 
There was exhibited to ye Comrs &c a presentation 
of Richard Croft Clerke to ye vicarage of Burton 
in Kendall in the County of Westmrland Made 
to him by George Middleton Esq. the patron 
Together &c ye said Richard Croft of his holy &c 
approved the said Richard Croft &c admit the said 
Richard Croft to the vicarage of Burton in Kendall 
&c. & Incumbent. In witness &c 
Dated at Whitehall the tenth day of June 1654. 

Burton in 





These may certify whom it may concerne that Mr. Richard 
Croft was approved and admitted the 10th day of June 
1654 to the Viccarage of Burton in Kendall in the County 
of Yorke [Westmorland] by the Comrs for Approbacon of 
publique Preachers 

Whitehall November 

ye 13th 1656. Jo. Nye Regr.4 

1. Vide p. 109. 

2. Bodl. MS. 323. 

3. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 997. 

4. Ibid., 968. 

990 The Ejected of 1662 

Burton in 

Longsdale. Decemb. 2. 1656. 

Whereas the parochiall Chapell of Burton in Longsdale in the 
County of York is wthin the pish of Thornton in Longsdale in the 
said County & the Maintennce belonging to the Minister thereof is 
only a Stipend of Seaven poundes tenn shillinges a yeare, and the 
Rectory of Thornton aforesaid pcell of the possions of the late Deane 
and Chapter of Worcester is come unto the handes of these Trustees 
by the Expiracon of the lease thereof under the said Deane and 
Chapter, and the Comttee for plundered Minrs having the 23rd of 
Sept. 1646 Graunted An Augmentacon of fforty poundes a yeare out 
of the profits of the said Rectory for increase of maintennce unto Such 
Minister as should be by them approved of to ofiiciate in the said 
Chappell It is ordered that Mr. Humfrey Harwood Recr doe continue 
and pay from time to time unto Mr. Richard Croft Minister of Burton 
in Longsdale aforesaid (approved according to the Ordinance for 
approbacon of publique preachers) the said yearely Sume of fforty 
poundes out of the profitts of the said Rectory for such time as he 
shall descharge the duty of the Minister of the said place or untill 
further order of these Trustees Provided that this order be first 
entered wth the Auditor 

John Thorowgood John Humfrey Ra Hall Ri. Sydenham Richard 
Young. ' 

It must be admitted that this case is doubtful. It is 
quite open to ask if the scribe has not blundered in the 
first two entries writing Burton in Kendal for Burton in 

John Thexton, 1655. 

It is doubtful if he immediately followed Henry 
Johnson, and the date would certainly appear to be at 
fault; but it is the one given among some notes in the 
Registers. It is also stated that he was here about seven 
years; but that unmistakably is an error if the years are 
to be reckoned from 1655, as will be evident from what 

Gerard Browne, B.A., 1657 — 1664. 

This is an extremely interesting character, and, in 
reference to him, Foster says : " S. of William of Wigan 
Co. Lancaster, pleb. Brasenose Coll. matric. 15 Feb. 
1632-3, aged 20; B.A. 28 Nov. 1635 baptized at Wigan 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 988. 


Burton 991 

9 June 1612, vicar of Mottram in Longdendale, Cheshire, 
1637, until ejected in 1644, vicar of Burton, Westmorland 
1662."^ Gerard Browne was a good Koyalist, and shortly 
after the outbreak of the War trouble arose for him in his 
Church at Mottram. The opposition was led by Robert 
Worthington of Mottram, Clerk, and William Broadhead, 
Minister at Saddleworth, who represented him as a 
scandalous Minister ; and about 1643 he was forced out of 
the pulpit. Subsequently, by reason of his refusal of the 
Covenant, an order was made against him by Harrison 
and Angier, and confirmed April 25, 1644, by the Council 
of War and the Committee for the County, on the strength 
of which an order was sent by Sir William Brereton to 
bring Browne in custody to Nantwich. The Royalists in 
his Parish who supported him had as leader John 
Britland. From 1644 to 1647 Browne was succeeded at 
Mottram by one Walker. Browne himself appears to 
have gone to Aughton, near Ormskirk, and the following 
testifies to his having been Minister there some years in 
1647: — 

Ormskirk 2. 1647. 

Wee &c certify that Mr. Gerard Browne hath for some years past 
beene minister of God's word at Aughton & at ye Chappell of MaghuU 
during which tyme he hath been laborous and diligent in preaching, 
and for ought we know of good Conversation Willm Dun Jos. 
Thompson Thos. Johnson, John Rudd, Wm. Bell of Huyton, John 
Fogg, John Worrall this day approved as minister of Blackrod.^ 

Whilst he was at Blackrod he managed to conciliate 
the Bury Classis, which was no light achievement, for it 
was one of the least tolerant of all the Classes. He was 
still at Blackrod in 1650, and a good character is assigned 
to him in the Survey for that year. Sometime before 
1652 he removed to Cockerham, and in 1657 he was 
established as Minister at Burton. The Eegisteis are a 
witness to this : — 


1657 Elizabeth ye daughter of Mr. Gerard Browne Minister of 
Burton Dec. 6th baptized ye 13th day. 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Bury Classis C. S. (N.S.), vol. 36, p. 44. 

992 The Ejected of 1662 

1660 Bridget ye daughter of Mr. . Gerard Browne Minister of 
Burton Boarne ye 24th day of Aprill & Baptized Aprill 28. 

1661 Gerard ye sonne of Mr. Gerard Browne Minister of Burton 
ye first day of November [buried ?]. 

Burial 1662 Frances the wife of Mr. Gerard Browne Viccar of 
Burton in Kendall Sept. 27th. 

The Act Book (Chester E/Cgistry) gives J. Fawcett as 
instituted September 28, 1660, on the resignation of Mr. 
Anthony therrheyte (?). It is difficult to know the mean- 
ing of this. Was Gerard Browne in some way for a time 
ejected? It is quite permissible to ask the question. 
Neither Calamy nor Walker has anything to say about 
him; but it is almost certain that he conformed. In 
view of his previous character he would find no difficulty 
in doing this. Shortly after the Uniformity Act came 
into force, on October 22, 1662, he sought a new Institu- 
tion, which was given on a Presentation by " Geo. 
Midleton Ar." He remained only about two years after 
this and from this point he becomes lost to sight. 

John Ormrod, M.A., 1664 — 1691. 

He was collated by the Bishop of Chester, August 9, 
1664. Foster says that he was the son of Hoger Ormrod. 
of Lancashire, husbandman. Sizar of St. John's Coll. 
Cambridge, April 30, 1656, aged 17, graduated B.A., 
1659-60, was incorporated M.A. at Oxford July 14, 1663.^ 

The Registers give the following : — 

1671 Christenings Anna filia John Ormrod January 28. 

He was Yicar at the Bishop's Visitation July 2, 1674, 
and Thos. Wood is named as Parish Clerk and School- 
master. Wood was licensed by Burwell, Chancellor 
" Ebor.," October 20, 1662. Ormrod died in 1691, as 
witness the Registers : — 

Sepult Anno 1691 April 18 Johi Ormrod Vicar de Burton. 

John Underwood, 1691 — 1694. 

He was instituted July 27, 1691. In the notes in the 
Registers about the Incumbents it is stated that he was 
here only for one year. That, however, is wrong, as 

1. Al. Ox. 

Burton 993 

appears from the following, which have also an interest of 
another kind : — 

Midsummer 1694. 

fforasmuch as it doth appear to this Court that the Churchwardens 
of the pish of Burton in Kendall wthin this County of Westmland 
hath expended the sume of Seven pounds Nineteen shillings & sixpence 
for the psentacon & Conviction of John Dawson & Isaac Penington 
for desturbing the Minister of the pish of Burton aforesd in the time 
of divine Service, contrary to the forme of the Statute in that ease 
made & pvided ; It is therefore ordered that the severall Inhabitants 
within the pish of Burton aforesd doe pporconably contribute to and 
with the said Churchwardens for the Expense abovesd & pay the 
same to the said Churchwardeois accordingly.' 

Dawson John 

Mittimus. Midsummer 1694. 

Whereas at the genrall quarter Sessions of the yeare holden at 
Kirkby Kendall (by adjoummt) in and for the County of Westmrland 
aforesaid the twentieth day of April last past Before Sr. Daniel 
Fleming Knt. William Fleming & Edward Wilson Esqrs their Maties 
Justices of the peace for the said County ; John Dawson of Burton 
in Kendall in the County of Westmrland aforesaid yeom. stood 
Indicted for that he the Eight day of April in the Sixt year of the 
Raigne of our Soveraigne Lord and Lady William & Mary by the 
Grace of God, King, & Queen of England, Scotland, ffrance & Ireland 
defendrs of the ffaith &c Into the Parish Church of Burton aforesd 
did voluntarily and wilfully maleciously and Contemptiously enter. 
And in time of Divine Service did molest & desturb John Underwood 
CI. viccar of Burton aforesaid to the great disturbance of the Con- 
gregation there assembled, against the forme of the Statute, made in 
the ffirst year of the Raigne of our said Sovaigne Lord & Lady the 
King & Queen Intituled (an Act for exempting their Maties Protestant 
Subjects dissenting from the Church of England from the penaltyes of 
certaine Lawes) In great Contempt of the said Statute and agt the 
pea(?fe of our said Soveraigne Lord & Lady the King & Queen. To 
which Indictment At the Genall quarter Sessions aforesaid, the said 
John Dawson appeared and entered his Traverse and pleaded Not 
guilty thereto And at the Genall quarter Sessions of the peace held at 
Kirkby Kendall aforesd this day in & for the said County of 
Westmland the said John Dawson upon Tryall of his travers & upon 
full evidence was for the said offence lawfully convicted, and denyed 
to pay the ffine inflicted by the said Statute; It is therefore ordered 
& adjudged by this Court that the Keeper of their Maties Gaole for 
the County aforesaid, doe forthwith take into Custody the body of 

1. The Kendal Indictment Book. 

994 The Ejected of 1662 

the said John Dawson, and convey him to their Maties Gaole afore- 
said and him prserve in the said Gaole safely to keep, untill he shall 
from thence be discharged by due Course of Law and pay such fl5ne 
as by ye said Statute he is enjoyned & hereof the said Gaoler is not 
to faile at his perill 

P sig 

Atkinson Clio pace ibm. 

There is a similar one for Isaac Penington on the same 
day and in the same place, and then the following : — 

Attorney Genall Whereas I have reed A warrant undr his maties 

Warrt to Royall Signe Manuall Countersigned by his Grace 

acknowledge the Duke of Shrewsbury, dated the 4 Instant 

Satisfaccon (mentioning that John Dawson & Isaac Penington 

of ye Judgmt had by their peticon represented unto his Matie 

in John Dawson that they were at the Quarter Sessions held at 
and Isaac Kendall in the County of Wetmorland in July last 

Penington. ffined Twenty pounds each And were then Comitted 

to Gaole till payment thereof, and that they have 
remained in Prison ever since) comanding me to acknowledge Satis- 
faccon upon Record ot the Judgmt for the ffine of Twenty pounds 
Sett upon the said John Dawson & Isaac Penington, and to give Such 
other directions as shoula be necessary in order to ffree and descharge 
them from the said ffine and Imprisonmt These are therefore to 
Authorize & desire you forthwith to acknowledge Satisfaccon upon 
Record of the said Judgemt for the said ffine of Twenty pounds Sett 
upon the said John Dawson & Isaac Penington and to give such other 
directions as shall be neccessary in order to ffree and discharge them 
from the said ffine & Imprisonmt And for Soe doeing this shall be yor 
warrt. Given under my hands the 8th day of May 1695 

Edw. Ward. 

To the Gierke of the Peace for the County of Westmoreland or his 

Dawson John & Whereas at the Genall Quarter Sessions of the 

Penington Isaacs peace held at Kirkby Kendall (by adjournmt) in 
Liberty. and for the County aforesaid the 20th day of 

April 1694 John Dawson of Burton in Kendall in 
ye County aforesd yeom. & Isaac Penington of ye same in the said 
County yeom. Stood Indicted for that they the Eight day of April in 
the Sixt year of the Raigne of or [our] Sovaigne Lord & Lady King 
William & Queen Mary, over England &c w^thin the pish Church of 
Burton aforesd did voluntarily & wilfully maletiously & contemptiously 
enter, and in time of Divine Service did Molest and disturb John 

Burton 995 

Underwood Viccor of Burton aforesaid to the great disturbance of ye 
Congregation there assembled agt the forme of the Statute in that 
case made and pvided. To which Indictmt at the Genall quarter 
Sessions aforesd they the said John Dawson & Isaac Penington severally 
appeared & entered their Traverse and pleaded not Guilty thereto 
And at the Genall quarter Sessions of the peace held at Kirkby 
Kendall aforesaid in and for the said County the tenth day of July 
in the sixt year of the King and Queen aforesd before Sr Daniel 
ffleming Knt William Fleming & Edward Wilson Esqrs his Maties 
Justices of the peace for the said County the said John Dawson & 
Isaac Penington upon Tryall of their Traverse and upon full Evidence 
were for the said offence lawfully Convicted and denyed to pay the 
sume of Twenty pounds ffine inflicted upon each of them by the said 
Statute, whereupon they were Committed to the Comon Gaole at 
Appleby for the said County untill they should sevally pay the said 
ffine of 201i or be thence discharged by due Course of Law ; And 
whereas I have reed A warrt undr the hands of his Maties Attorney 
Generall bearing date the Eight day of May last past, thereby 
shewing that by vertue of A warrt undr his Maties Royall Signe 
manual Countersigned by his Grace the Duke of Shrewsbury dated 
the ffourth day of May aforesd the said Attorney Genall was Comanded 
to acknowledge Satisfaccon upon record of the Judgemt for the ffine 
of Twenty pounds Sett upon the Said John Dawson & Isaac Penington 
and to give such other directions as should be necessary in order to 
ffree & descharge them from the said ffine & Imprisonmt And whereas 
the said Attorney Generall by his warrt aforesd hath authorized me 
forthwith to acknowledge Satisfaccon upon Record of the said Judgemt 
for the said ffine of Twenty pounds Sett upon the said John Dawson 
& Isaac Penington and to give Such other directions as shalbe 
necessary in order to free & descharge them from the said ffine & 
Imprisonmt These are therefore to Acquaint you that in pursuance & 
in obedience to the sd warrt from the saide Attorney Genall I have 
acknowledged Satisfaccon of and upon Record of the said Judgemt 
for the said ffine of Twenty pounds sett upon the said John Dawson 
& Isaac Penington as aforesd And you are hereby desired to sett at 
liberty the bodyes of the said John Dawson & Isaac Penington (if 
for that & noe other cause you detaine them) and this shalbe yr 
warrt. Given undr my 

hand this ffirst day of June 
Anno Dni 1695, 

Atkinson Clio pace ibm. 

To the Keeper of his Maties Gaol^ 
for the County aforesd.' 

1. The Kendal Indictment Book. 

996 The Ejected of 1662 

Thomas Barbon, 1694— 1722. 

He was instituted September 22, 1694, on tlie resigna- 
tion of John Underwood. An entry in the Registers 
states that he was educated at Dublin, had been an ensign 
in the army, was present at the Battle of the Boyne, made 
King's preacher, and removed from Burton to Cockerham. 
He appears in the list of " the Sevall psons that tooke the 
Othes & Subscribed the Test at this Sessions [Xmas, 
1694]"; and is there described as " CI. viccar of Burton in 
Com. afsd." ^ Baines says that he was instituted to 
Cockerham July 2, 1722, and died there in 1737. ^ Under 
Ellel, the date not given, but it must be somewhere 
between 1722 and 1727, Tho. Barbon, Vicar of Cockerham, 
is represented as nominating his son, Robert Barbon, 
baptized at Burton, June 4, 1703, to be Curate of Shires- 
head (vacant by the death of Mr. Wilson) and of the 
Parish Church of Cockerham.^ 

1. The Kendal Indictment Books. 

2. Hist, of Lane. (Croston's Ed.), vol. v, p. 494 

3. The Visitation Book (Chester Registry). 


This was one of the numerous Chapelries belonging to 
the mother Church of Kendal, from which town it is 
distant about four miles in a south easterly direction. 
As previously intimated no attempt is made in this work 
to give a list of men who served these Chapelries, which 
were plentifully scattered over the two Counties ; but Old 
Hutton is singled out for exceptional treatment, because 
Calamy gives in connection with it an Ejected Minister. 

The following is his statement: — 

Hutton Chapel in Kendal Parish. Mr. Greenwood : He was much 
valu'd as a Preacher : But accus'd of some Things that were scanda- 
lous, by which his Memory is blacken'd.^ 

This statement is repeated by Palmer in both of his 
Editions, except that he incorrectly writes " Hatton " for 
"Hutton." Similarly respecting John Wallace of Hevers- 
ham ;2 and, whatever else it does, it serves to show that 
Calamy was not wishful to add all and sundry to his list 
with a view to inflating his numbers. 

Ministerial Augmentation was granted to this place in 
1646, but no name of any Minister, if any was then 
resident, is given : — 

Hutton. Sept 2. 1646. 

Yearly sum of 301i for increase of such Minister as Com. shall 

The attention of the Commissioners for the Propagation 
of the Gospel in the Four Northern Counties was directed 
to its destitute condition in 1653, according to the 
following : — 

1. Calamy, vol. ii, p. 752. 

-2. Vide p. 977. ■ 

3. Bodl. MS., 323. 

998 The Ejected of 1662 

Newcastle upon 


By the Comrs. for propagating of the Gospell in the fower 
Northerne Countyes of Northumberland, Cumberland, West- 
mland and Durham. March 31st. 1653. 

Old Hutton, 

Whereas there is exceeding great want of a preaching Minister att 
Old Hutton in the County of Westmerland It is therefore ordered 
that the Tythes of Preston patricke parcell of the Recory of Burton 
seqrd. for the Delinquency of Sr John preston and the Tythes of 
Crackenthroppe in Lease from the late Dean and Chapter of Carlisle 
bee setled upon Roger Bateman Esqr. and the Churchwardens of Old 
Hutton aforesaid for the time being to and for the Maintennce of a 
godly and able Ministr. att Old Hutton aforesaid the said Minister 
to bee first approved by the Comittee for Plundred Ministers or att 
this board or by any other way as the Parliament to that end shall 

Tho Lamplugh Hen. Horsly Henry Ogle Jo. Ogle Edw. Briggs Lu. 
Rillingworth Willm Dawson Tho. Cholmley Tho. Langhorne Jo. Archer 
Edw. Winter Wilhn Mawson. 

Entd. Anth. Parsons.' 

Precisely when Greenwood, whose name was James, was 
appointed is not clear. It must, however, have been 
shortly after this as witness the following : — 

Old Hutton. 

The like for Mr. James Greeoiwood of Old Hutton in the County 
of Westmerland Dated att Whitehall the 6th day of September 1654. 

Jo. Nye. Regr.* 

April 24. 1655. 

Old Hutton. Col. Banes moves for an Augmentacon out of Warton. 
Mr. Greenwood Minister there. Consider of it wth the rest.' 

We read also of a Minister at Old Hutton in 1656, 
whose Augmentation was £31 — 6 — ; and again about 1657 
he is definitely referred to as " Ja. Greenwood " of " Old 
Hutton in Kendal," with £33. 13. 4d. as Augmentation. 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1006. 

2. Ibid., 968. 

3. Ibid., 1021. 

Old Hutton 


The " Kendal Indictment Book " supplies us with the 
following interesting information respecting him : — 

Sessions Oct. 5. 1655 at Kendal. 

Upon the representation of James Greenwood Gierke Minr of old 
hutton setting forth sundrieye misdemeanrs of Thomas Hunter an 
Alehouse keeper in ye Constablewick and of ye disorders in his house 
since by an order of ye Last Sessions he was discharged from 
brewinge and ffined in Twenty Shillinges It is ordered that in regard 
ye said Hunter is verie poore (as hath beene made appeare to ye 
Court this day) that ye ffine be lessened to Three Shillings four pence 
and after paiemt. thereof he to be discharged of ye whole And tis 
further ordered that ye Gonstable of old hutton descharge ye said 
Hunter from brewinge and carrie him forthwth before John Archer 
Esqr. to enter Recognizance with good Suertyes not to brew anie more 
for three years to Comence from ye time of ye said descharge. 

Recog. taken in Gourt at this Sessions. 

Geaierall Sessions Oct. 8. 1658. 

The first daie of August 1658 

Beinge ye Lordes daie at Old hutton Ghaple in ye 

sd County James 

Greenwood Gierke Minr. of ye 

Gospell in his Sermon Preachinge 

and Collation (?) to ye Congregacon 

then and there assembled did desturbe 

and to ye Great desturbance of ye Congregacon. 

She submitted 
fine 2s 

Waugh^ of 
She refused 
to Submitt 
or Travse and 
she Stands 

What the things were of which James Greenwood was 
accused, and which helped to " blacken his memory," we 
have no means of knowing. It may be that the reference 
is to the litigation just named. It is possible that what 
happened is that a certain measure of opprobrium, as the 
result of litigation, clung to his name. If this was all the 
fact testifies again to Calamy's anxiety to keep his list of 
Ejected Ministers as accurate and clean as possible. All 
trace of James Grreenwood after this is lost. 

1. Jane Waugh was a Quaker and, in company with Anne Audland, 
she was at Banbury in 1654-5 in the interests of the faith which she 
had adopted. Vide " The First Publishers of the Truth" for additional 
information respecting her. 


looo The Ejected of 1662 

To this may be appended the names of two or three 
persons who are known to have served the Cure. 

William Whitwell, 1630. 

The Kendal Parish Registers note his burial thus : — 
September 1630 Willm Whittwell late Curat of Ould Hutton iiij die. 

PosTHUMius Wharton, 1674. 

He was Curate at the Bishop's Visitation July 2, 1674. 
A person of this name, probably the same, was Head 
Master of Sedbergh Grammar School about this time. 

Edmund Lodge, 1677. 

He was ordained Deacon May 23, 1670; Priest June 2, 
1672; and was licensed to teach the Grammar School. 

Edward Nicholson, 1687. 

He was ordained Deacon by Edward of Carlisle March 
11, 1676 ; obtained a Faculty to exercise the gift of "Ludi- 
magister," June 6, 1684, and to serve the Cure, August 13, 
1687. Under date August 15, 1687, Bishop Cartwright, in 
his " Diary " says : — 

I gave a license to Mr. Edward Nicholson to supply the Chapel of 

Old Hutton in Westmorland on Mr Fenton's Commendation of 


He was still here in 1696. ^ 

The following relating to the Schoolmaster here may be 


Old Hutton. April 26. 1655. 

Applicacon being made to these Trustees for allowing the Sume of 
ffower pounds sixtiene shillinges & eight pence a yeare out of the 
Tithes of Bongate in the County of [blank] parcell of the possions of 
the late D6ane & Chapter of Carlisle to the Scholmr of Old Hutton 
in the said County according to the Ordr of the Comrs for propagation 
of the Gospell in the fower Northeme Counties It is ordered that 
upon giving the Trustees an Account of the arrears of profitts due 
since the first of April 1653 & Satisfaccon concerning the pnte 
Schoolemr the Trustees will take into Consideracon the settlement of 
the said Allowance. 

Edw. Hopkins Jo. Pocock Jo. Humfrey Ra. Hall Ed. Cressett. 3 

1. Camden Soc. (O.S.). vol. 22, p. 72. 

2. Vide p. 951. 

3. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1008. 

Old Hutton looi 

Old Hutton. June 4. 1655. 

Whereas ye Comrs for ppagacon of ye Gospell in ye fewer Northerne 
Counties have by their Ordr of ye 31st of May 1653 Graunted ye 
Tithes of Bongate in ye County of Westmerland pcell of ye possions 
of ye late Deane & Chapter of Carlisle & in lease at ye rent of fewer 
poundes Sextiene shillinges & eight pence a yeare for increase of ye 
Maintennce of ye Schoelemr of old Hutton in ye said County & Mr. 
Hugh Bonkin Schoolemr of ye said Schoole hath praied ye Continu- 
ance thereof with the arreares yett unpaid him. It is ordered yt ye 
said yearely Sume of fower poundes Sixtiene shillinges & eight pence 
be continued unto ye said Mr. Bonkin from time to time for Such 
time as he shall discharge ye duty of ye Schoolmr of ye said Schoole 
or further ordr of these Trustees to be accompted from ye 25th day 
of March last past And Mr Edmund Branthwaite Recvr is hereby 
appointed & Authorized to pay ye same unto him accordingly. 
• Edw. Cressett Ra. Hall Ri. Sydenham Jo. Humfrey. Jo. Pocock. l 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 972. 


Firbank is a small Chapelry about two and a balf miles 
from Lowgill Station and some seven miles from the mother 
Church at Kirkby Lonsdale. The present building is 
comparatively new and lies near the road leading to 
Kirkby Lonsdale. The Churchwardens and Overseers' 
Accounts begin about 1754. The book is somewhat 
dilapidated being made of paper only; and the Registers 
begin with June, 1746, the earlier ones being included in 
those of Kirkby Lonsdale. The main interest of Firbank 
Chapel lies in the fact that it was the Mecca of the Quaker 
movement in the north. It was the gate through which 
George Fox entered Westmorland, and thence Cumber- 
land. The old Firbank Chapel was more than a mile 
away on the summit of the hill overlooking the present 
structure, whence the view is as extensive as it is impres- 
sive. The visit of George Fox was paid in 1652 when a 
thousand people are said to have assembled, and Francis 
Howgill and John Audland are named as preachers at the 
place. These eventually became converts to the new move- 
ment, and among its most faithful and enthusiastic Mis- 
sionaries. The career of these two men previous to this 
point is unknown; but there were Chapels also at Preston 
Patrick and Grayrigg, as well as Firbank, in which they 
may have ministered. Firbank Old Chapel has quite dis- 
appeared, though the outline of its foundations, overgrown 
with grass, might be recovered with no great difficulty. It 
is a square about a quarter of an acre in extent surrounded 
by a wall. In it are some seven fir trees and five tomb- 
stones, the inscriptions upon the latter being quite illegi- 
ble, except two with dates 1800 and 1745 respectively. The 
School, which was exceedingly small, was in one corner of 
the enclosure, signs of the doorway being still visible in 
the encompassing wall. There are persons in the Parish 

Firbank 1003 

jet living who remember meeting in it, when straw was 
used as a carpet. The Chapel was supposed to stand in 
the centre of the Parish. From a piece of rock opposite, 
George Fox preached, on the memorable occasion of his 
visit, to the assembly with most remarkable results. A 
somewhat recent enquiry about the holder of the Curacy 
of Firbank Chapel in 1652 dreAv from the Registrar of the 
Chester Registry the following reply : — 

After a rather troublesome search in the Registry, 1 have to inform 
you that I cannot find anything to show who was the Curate of this 
Chapel at the date mentioned in your letter, i.e., 1652. The earliest 
record I find of Curates of this Chapel is a Nomination of one Mr. 
William Stephenson on the removal of the late Curate from that 
Chapel, and which bears date the 12th June 1691.^ 

Of course there could be no record at that date because 
episcopal operations were in suspensu. 

R. Nicholson was here in 1698 exhibiting letters of 
ordination as a Deacon May 30th of that year. 

1. Westmorland Note Book, vol. i, Pt. i, p. 4. 


This is a mere hamlet consisting of a few cottages some 
four miles south of Sedbergh. The nearest station is 
Middleton from which it is distant a little over a mile ; but 
this involves crossing the Lune by means of a primitive 
looking punt, which a neighbouring farmer ferries across 
from the other side on being called. The Church is 
hidden among trees, and is close by Killington Hall, now 
in a ruinous condition. It is dedicated to All Saints, and 
the following gives the date of the earliest Registers 
extant, whose writing is very minute, but fairly legible : 
The Register booke of Killington Anno Dom. 1619 of all the 

Weddinges, Christninges burialls within Killington. 

Nicolson and Burn make no attempt at a list of 
Incumbents, and Whellan begins with 1720. The follow- 
ing is the list for the Cejitury with which we are 
concerned : — 

Thomas Bousfield, 1612. 

It is not quite certain that this name should be inserted ; 
but he appears to have been resident here when his son, 
Joseph Bousfield, Minister of Crosby Garrett, was born in 
1612. He was afterwards at Windermere.^ 

Richard Benson, 1618 — 1625. 

These dates are only approximate, the following being 
the evidence : — 
1618 Januarij. 

Bap. Hanno benson fil Mr. benson Cler. t€rtio die Apud Ejllingtcn.* 
1624 Christninges. 

Kate Benson daughter of Richard Benson Clarke bapt. April 25tiu 
1624 Burials. 

1. Vide pp. 1037, 1093. 

2. Kirkby Lonsdale Registers. 

Killington 1005 

Kate Benson daughter of Richard Beoison Clarke buried Decemb. 

1625 Samuell Benson Sonne of Richard Benson Clarke, bap. Octob. 
xvith. ^ 

The Bensons were numerous along the West Cumbrian 
coast in particular. 

Samuel Harrison, 1634—1657. 

These dates again are only approximate. The follow- 
ing appear in the Registers : — 

1634 Samuel Harrison Minister of Killington & Margaret Walker 
married Januarie xvii. 

1636 William Harrison sotnne of Samuel, Clarke, Preacher of Kill- 
ington bapt June xith. 

1637 Joseph Harrison sonne of Samuel Harrison, Clarke, bap. 
Januarie xxith. 

1639 John Harrison sonne of Samuel Harrison, Clarke, preacher of 
Killington bap. decemb. 29th. 

1642 Samuel Harrison Sonne of Samuel Harrison, Clarke, preacher 
of Killington baptized Julie xiith. 

1642 Samuel Harrison Sonne of Samuel Harrison, Preacher of 
Killington bur. Septemb. 28. 

1644 Rebecca Harrison daughter of Samuel Harrison, Clarke, baptiz. 
Julie the 3rd. 

1647 Sarah Harrison daughter of Samuel Harrison, Clarke, preacher 
of Killington baptized Decemb. 5th. 

Previous to his Killington ministry Harrison seems to have 
been Curate at Aldingham for some time. The Registers 
there give his name, but in two or three cases the page is 
torn or illegible at the place. At the foot of the page 
containing the marriage entries for 1540 are the words in 
a different hand : " By me Samuell Harrison Curat Ibm," 
which, of course, will mean that he signed that page as a 
correct record. Under 1617, which probably indicates the 
date of his Curacy, he signs the same Registers as such. 
In the Westmorland Certificate for 1646 he is simply 
referred to as '' mnr of Killington." A note about his 
Augmentation is given in the following : — 

1. Killington Registers. 

ioo6 The Ejected of 1662 

Westmerland. Julij 3. 1647. 

Killington and Whereas this Comittee have the 22th day of 

Middleton. Aprill 1646 graunted (inter als) 401i a yeare out of 

the profitts tithes & Revenues of the Impropriate 
Rectorie of Kirkby Longsdale in the Countie of Westmorlajid wch 
were sequestred from Sir Henry Bellingham & Captaine Thomas Wilson 
Delinquents sevrall lessees thereof from & under Trynitie Colledge in 
Cambridge to & for increase of the maintennce of Mr. Samuell 
Harrison minister of the Chappell of Killington annexed to the 
Church of Kerkby Longsdale aforesaid his pnte maintennce being but 
vjli vjs p ann And also 40li a yeare out of the said profitts tithes & 
Revenues for increase of the maintennce of the minister that should 
officiate in the Chappel of Middleton annexed also to the said Church 
the maintennce beloaiging to the said Chappell being but lOli p. ann 
wch said Augmentacons are become frui teles by the Composicon of the 
said Sir Henry Bellingham & Captaine Wilson It is therefore ordered 
that the yearelie simome of 401i be allowed & paid out of the surplus 
of the rents & profitts (yet undesposed off) of the Impropriate Rectorie 
of Thorneton in Longsdale sequestred from Sir John Caufeild papist 
& delinquent & the Deane and Chapter of Worcester to & for increase 
of the maintennce of the said Mr. Samuell Harrison minister of 
Killington aforesaid And that the further yearelie Summe of 40Ii be 
allowed & paid out of the said surplus of the said Rents & profitts of 
the said Impropriate Rectorie to & for increase of the maintennce of 
such minister as this Committee shall approve off to officiate in the 
said Chappell of Middleton And the Sequestrators of the pmisses 
are required to allow & paie the same accordinglie at such tymes & 
Seasons of the yeare as the said Rents & profitts shall grow due & 
payable. ^ 

In 1657 Harrison became Curate of Silverdale in 
Lancashire, as witness the following : — 


Chappell in 

Wharton pish. Sept. 25. 1657. 

Ordered that Mr. [blank]. Harrison preacher of the Gospell be 
setled Curate of the Chappell of Silverdale within the parish of 
Warton in ye County of Lancaster provided he be first approved of by 
the Comrs for approbacon of publique preachers 

John Thorowgood, Edw. Cresset Jo Humfrey Richard Young Ralph 

1. Bodl. MS., 325. 

2. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 993. 

Killington 1 007 

Silverdale in 
Com. Lancaster. 

Mr. Samuel Harrison — admitted ye 26th day of September 1657 
to ye Chappell of Silverdale in ye parish of Warton in the County of 
Lancr Upon an Order of ye Trustees for maintenance of Ministers 
exhibited the same day And Certificates from [MS. breaks off here].i 

After this date the handwriting in the Registers 
■changes frequently, and they are very irregularly kept. 
Unfortunately there is also a break in the Incumbent list. 
The Kendal Indictment Book gives an account of a law 
suit between himself and his brother Joseph Harrison on 
the one hand, and Dorothy Cooke on the other. The 
matter in dispute would seem to have been an alleged case 
of trespass on the part of the two Harrisons. It was 
tried at the General Sessions January 18 in the " reign 
of Charles duodecimo " [1661] and Harrison is still 
described as " of Killington, Clerk." The Harrisons were 
in all probability a local family. A Samuel Harrison 
compounded for his First Fruits in 1662 at Hertwell, 

John Wood, B.A., 1674. 

He was ordained Deacon by Edward of Carlisle March 
16, 1673, and subscribed the required declaration in the 
Bishop's presence on the same day. At the Bishop's 
Yisitation June 27, 1674, he exhibited as Curate. 
Besse states that in 1675 " William Baines and Joseph 
Baines were cited into Hichmond Court at the Suit of 
John Wood Priest of Killington for Wages by him 
demanded. Their Appearance there occasioned 10s. 
Charge to each of them, but before the Court-day came, in 
which their Answers were to have been given in, the 
Priest was taken sick, and died under much Trouble of 
Mind." 2 

William Sclatee, 1675—1724. 

He was ordained Deacon by the Bishop of Chester 
September 19, 1675; licensed to officiate the Cure on the 
same day; and became Priest September 21, 1691. The 

1, Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 998. 

2. Sufferings of the Quakers, vol. ii, p. 22. 

ioo8 The Ejected of 1662 

following are the Sclater entries in the Registers, the 
name appearing with and without the '' e." : — 

The Nativity tind Baptisms of ye children of William Sclater preachr 
of Killington. 

Jane Sclater borne March 22 day & baptized 28 day Anno Domi 

John Slater borne Jan. 2 & baptized 22 day Ano Domi 1679. 

Hannah Slater borne Jan. 10. day & baptized 18 day Ano Domi 
1668 (?). 

Hannah Daughter of Will Sclatr buried Jan. 16. 1677. 

Susannah Slater borne March 6 day & baptized 27 day Ano Domi 

William Sclater borne July 29 & baptized August ii day Ano Domi 

Thomas Sclater borne Novemb. 19 day & baptized Novembr 29 day 
Anno Domi 1686. 

Mary Sclater borne July 26 day & baptized Aug. 13. day 1688. 

Elizabeth daughter of Will Sclater baptized ffebr 23 day Ano Domi 

Eachel Daughr of William Sclater Clerk Bapt. August 7 day 1693. 

William son of William Sclater Clerk baptized July 5 day 1696. 

Susannah daughr of Will Sclater Clerke borne May 10 baptized May 
26 day 1700. 

Elizabeth daughtr of Will Sclater Clerke preachr at Killington 
Chapel ffebr. 6 day 1689. 

William Son of William Sclater Clerke buried May 9th day 1694. 

Hannah daughter of Wm. Sclater Cler. buried August 4th 1697. 

Susannah daughter of Wm. Sclater Clerke buried Sept. 20 day 1702. 

His own burial entry is as follows : — 
Wm Sclater Clerk Bur. Febru. 15. 1724. 

William Sclater, 1724 — -1778. 

He was the son of William Sclater just named, and 
appears to have served as Curate for some time previous 
to obtaining the living. Doubtless he is the person 
who appears in the following : — 

Mr. James Dawes of Underwinder in ye Parish of Sedber & Mrs. 

Mary Niblethwaite of HoUbeck in Killington were married at 

Firbanck Chappell by Mr. Sclater Curate of Killington June 30th 

Ano Dom 1716.' 

W. Pearson, 1778. 

He was appointed on the death of Sclater. 
1. Killington Registers. 


This little town lies at the extreme south of the County, 
abutting both Yorkshire and Lancashire; and, as its 
name suggests, it is in the beautiful Lune Yalley. Its 
Church is dedicated to St. Mary, and its Registers, which 
have been well kept, date back to 1538, the earliest 
date at which Registers began. It was the centre of a 
wide Parish including Hutton Roof, Lupton, Mansergh, 
Casterton, Barbon, Middleton, Killington, and Firbank; 
and entries relating to all these places appear in the 
Registers. There are three volumes up to 1812, known as 
the: (1) Old Book; (2) volume II.; and (3) volume III. 
The first is a small folio of parchment, and it includes 
baptisms, marriages, and burials from November, 1538, to 
February, 1649-50. As with many others, its appear- 
ance suggests that it is a copy from older documents up to 
the end of the 16th Century, and this we are definitely 
informed is the case. An entry in it states that it was 
" maide the ffirst day of December in the xlii year of ye 
rayne of our Souereigne Lady Elizabeth by the grace of 
God Queen of England ffrance and lerland Defender of 
the ffaith Anno Dni 1601 by me John "Willinson Clark 

The following is the Incumbent list : — 

JoHx Willinson or Williamson, 1559 — 1607. 

The Registers give the name of John Williamson as 
Yicar in 1560, and he would appear to have held the living 
until his death in 1607. The Registers have the 
following : — 

1607 tebruarii Sepultura Johis Willinson Cler. et vicarii Ecclesiae ibi 
p. spatio quadrigenta Octog. Anos. tertio die.'. 

1. This appears to be decisive as to the length of Willinson's ministry ; 
yet the Registers mention the marriage of " Mr. Thomas Shott Clerici " 
in 1581 and in 1583 the baptism of a daughter of "Mr. Shott Preacher." 
Foster also gives Samuel Heron as Vicar here in 1591 (vide p. 876), but 
there seems to be no opening for him. 

loio The Ejected of 1662 

A person of tliat name, B.A., was presented to Tunstall in 
North Lancashire on November 20, 1612, remaining there 
until his death in 1633^ In the Registers is the 
following : — 

1633 July Sepult — Mri Johis Williamson Vic. de Tunstall. xxvii. 

He may have been a son. 

Jerome WAterhouse, B.D., 1607/8. 

He was instituted on February 19, 1607/8, the vacancy 
having been caused by the death of John Williamson. 
He held the living only a brief period and removed to 
Orey stoke. ^ 

Thomas Adams, M.A., 1616—1617. 

He was instituted to the " Yic. of Kerckbie Lonsdale " 
August 3, 1616.3 

Henry Parke, M.A., in 1617—1623. 

He was instituted December 29, 1617, on a Presentation 
by " John Richardson S.T.P. Mgr. Colleg Scte Trinite, 
Cantab, et Socios et Schol," the vacancy having been 
caused by the free and spontaneous resignation of Thomas 
Adams.* In February, 1619, his marriage is thus 
recorded : — 

Nupt. Dni Hen. Park Cler. et Vicarii et Alice Segswick vii. die. 

A daughter, Anne, was baptized on January 1st, 1620; 
and the following notice appears of his own burial : — 
Augusti 1623 Sepult Dom. Hen. Park Cler. Vicarius xxiiij. 
He belonged, doubtless, to the Parke family of Kendal. 

Samuel Sackville, M.A., B.D., 1623. 

He was instituted January 20, 1623, on the same 
Presentation. Foster has the following respecting him : 
"'B.A. from Trinity Coll. Cambridge, 1607/8, M.A. 1611, 

1. Baines's Hist, of Lane. (Uroston's Ed.), vol. v, p. 548. He wrongly 
gives 1632 as the date of his death. 

2. Vide p. 455. 

3. Act Book (Chester Registry). 

4. Institution Books (Record Office), and Act Book (Chester Registry). 

Kirkby Lonsdale 


B.D. 1619; incorporated 13 July 1619, rector of Hatfield 
Regis, Essex, 1617, vicar of Bottisliam, co. Cambridge, 
1620, of Blythe, Notts, 1621, of Trumpington, co. Cam- 
bridge, 1622, and of Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmorland, 
1624." 1 

Charles Jones, 1637. 

He was instituted February 21, 1637, on a Presentation 
by Tbo, Comber, S.T.P,, &c., tbe vacancy being caused by 
the cession of Sackville. 

George Buchanan, M.A., 1640 — 1646. 

He was instituted July 14, 1640, on tbe same Presenta- 
tion, tbe vacancy baving been caused by tbe cession of 
Jones. The Registers contain the following: — 

1640 October Incipit Mr. Buchanan Vicar de Kirkbie Lonsdale . . . ii. 

The following Buchanan entries also appear in them : — 

ffebruarij 1641 Bapt. Marie Buchanan filia Geo vicar de Kirkbie 
Lonsdale iiij. 

September 1644 Bapt Willm Buchanan filii Dom. Geo. Vic. de 
Kirkbie Lonsdale xxiii. 

December 1644 Sepult. William Buchanan filij Mri Georgii xv. 

August 1648 Bapt. Margreta Buchanan filiae Mri Geo. Cler. xv. 

The Grammar School Books represent him as receiving 
the stipend as "lecturer" in 1643 and 1644; but Mr. W. 
Cole received it in 1647. 

Walker gives a long account of George Buchanan, 
which, he says, he had received from the Minister's grand- 
son. He informs us that he was of an ancient family in 
the west of Scotland, related to Bishop Whitford, whom 
he succeeded in the living of Moffat, Annandale, one of the 
richest- in the kingdom. Banished from Scotland for 
refusing the Covenant, with a wife and six children, 
he came into England, and applying to Archbishop 
Laud he obtained a " good living in or near the County 
of Essex." This he exchanged for Kirkby Lonsdale, 
where nearer to his own country, " his Scotch pronun- 
ciation would be less offensive and better understood." 
It is alleged that he was grievously persecuted during 
the Civil Wars by " two of his Parishioners, who were 

1. Al. Ox. 

10I2 The Ejected of 1662 

Captains in the Parliamentary Army, and got him 
not only Sequestred, but also several times taken and 
hurried to Lancaster- Jail ; once out of the Church, another 
time out of his Bed from his Wife (then big with Child) 
in a rude and barbarous manner; the last of which times 
he suffered near Three Years Imprisonment." On his 
release he fled into Yorkshire, where Sir Thomas Went- 
worth gave him the small living at Royston, worth about 
£20 per annum, " the inconsiderableness of whose income 
proved his protection." Here he continued until the 
Restoration.^ To this we are able to add from other 
sources. Scott, in his " Fasti," under Kirkpatrick-Juxta in 
the Presbytery of Lochmaben, says that George Buchanan 
had his degree from the University of St. Andrew's in 
1617, that he was on the exercise in the Presbytery of 
Glasgow November 15, 1620, was at Kirkpatrick when the 
Old Manse was built in 1626, on the Commission for the 
Maintenance of Church Discipline, October 21, 1634, and 
transferred to Moffat March 29, 1637. ^ From Moffat he 
was moved to Kirkcudbright in the Presbytery of that 
name before 1638, being appointed by Thomas, Bishop of 
Galloway, deposed by the Commission, which sentence 
was ratified by the General Assembly, August 26, 1639, 
because he declined to obey the former Assembly and 
continued in Contumacy. He got a warrant for <£100 
from Parliament May 22, 1661, on account of his suffering 
and loyalty.^ If the foregoing items be correct he could 
have held the Essex living barely a year. In the grand- 
son's communication (who was C. Buchanan) dated Dec. 3, 
1706, no mention is made of the Essex living. He says 
that on coming to England " he made application to A.B. 
Laud, by whose recommendation Trinity College in Cam- 
bridge bestowed upon him ye Yicaridge of Kerkby Lons- 
dale in Westm'land bordering upon Lancashire where he 
had not long been before ye Rebellion broke out in Eng.'-'* 

1. Walker, Pt. II, p. 211. 

2. Vol. i, Pt. 2, p. 653. 

3. Ibid., p. 688. 

4. Walker MSS., C. 3, fol. 237. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 1013 

With reference to Walker's statement above cited it 
needs always to be remembered that in matters of this 
kind he is a doubtful guide. George Buchanan was 
evidently a very aggressive Royalist; but from what has 
already been said, and from what follows it will be clear 
that there was no desire on the part of the ruling authori- 
ties to deal harshly, at least, with his family. In all 
probability it was in 1645 that he was deprived of his 
living : for towards the end of that year his successor 
appears upon the scene. Walker says that, at the Restora- 
tion, George Buchanan " repossessed himself of his own 
vicaridge " ; and it is generally assumed that such was 
the case. It may have been so, but documentary proof is 
lacking, and the evidence is rather against it. In August, 
1660, he petitioned for the Croft living in the following 
terms : — 

To the King's Most Excellent Maiesty 
The humble Peticon of George Buchanan Clerk. 

That your Peticoner hath been a deep sufferer in these late troubles 
both for his AUeagiance to yor Matys Royall ffather of blessed 
memory and his Constancy to the Church in the worst of times 
haveing first lost his Parsonage of Moffett in Scotland of 20011 sterling 
p ann for refusing the first Covenant, and since been sequestred 
of the Viccarage of Kirkby-Lonsdale Westmerland in England 
sixteen yeares agoe In which time hee hath been Chaplaine in 
Severall of his late Majestyes Garrisons and endured many 

Now whereas the Rectory of ye parish Church of Croft neer North- 
Allerton in Yorkshire is voyd by the death of Mr. [blank] Stevinson 
or otherwise your Peticoner humbly beggs That yor Maty would be 
graciously pleased to grant him a presentation to the said rectory. 

And (as in duty) hee shall ever pray &c. 

[On the top.] 

Peticon of George Buchanan 
["Humbly recommended by ye Bp. of Salisbury." Later hand 
according to ink — no date appears]' 

The grandson, in his communication to Walker, says 
that he returned to Kirkby Lonsdale for a short time, and 

1. S. P. Dom. Car. ii, vol. 12, No. 79. 

I014 The Ejected of 1662 

having had a Prebendsliip offered him he resigned because 
he did not approve of Plurality. He did not, however^ 
object to hold, along with his Prebendship in Carlisle, the 
living at Stanwix, of which place he became Vicar in 
1661.^ At his death it is said that he was " unusuallj 
lamented in ye City for his Eminent works of piety & 
charity, he was a person of yt regular life & Conversation 
Integrity & Christian Courage yt ye Greatest Enemies he 
had in either kingdom could object no Crime agst him but 
his Loyalty." 2 

William Cole, B.D., 1645—1652 {?). 

Possibly he was a native of Northumberland and 
admitted to Corpus Christi, Cambridge, in 1637, taking 
his B.A. in 1640.^ In the letter given later William Cole 
informs us that Samuel Cole of Heversham was his brother, 
and Masy in his correspondence gives several interesting 
items of information about them.* His name appears in the 
Westmorland Certificate for 1646, and he is styled Minis- 
ter of Kirkby Lonsdale. The following documents, which 
include his own letter, deal with his appointment and 
Augmentation : - — 


Lonsdale. Januar. ult. 1645. 

Upon informacon that the cure of the Church of Kirkby Lonsdale 
in the County of Westmland is unprovided for that the Cotee for the 
said County have removed George Buckenhaine vicar thereof from 
the said Church It is ordered that Willm Cole Minister of the word 
shall officiate the said cure and have ye pfitts of ye said vicarage. 
Referred Wilkn Cole minister &c. to ye Assembly to exine him for 
the vicarage and Church of Kirkby Lonsdale in the County of 
Westmerland. 5 

1. Vide p. 194. 

2. Walker MSS., C. 3, fol. 237. 

3. So Fishwick (Hist, of Preston, p. 185). A family of this name 
however was prominent at Dedham, Essex, about this time. 

4. Vide pp. 889, 894, 898. 

5. Add. MSS. Brit. Mus. 15670. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 


Westmorland. At the Comtee for plundered Ministers Aprill 22. 

Anno Dni. 1646. 

Resolved that the yearely sume of thirty pounds be paid 

out of ye pfitts tythes rents Revenues of the imppriate 

Rectory of Kirby Lonsdale wch are sequestred from Sr 

Henry Bellingham and Capt Thomas Wilson Delinqts 

severall Lesses thereof from and under Trinity Colledge in 

Cambridge to and for increase of the maintennce of Willm 

Cole Vicar of Kirkby Lonsdale aforesaid The Viccaridge 

whereof was in the best tymes worth about sixty pounds 

p ann And that the further sume of forty pounds be 

allowed & paid out of the said tythes and pfitts for 

maintennce of a minister to officiate in the Chappell of 

Hutton annexed to ye said Church the maintennce thereof 

And now being but the styppend of 51i 10s per ann And the further 

worth sume of forty pounds out of the aforesaid pfitts for 

about maintennce of a Minister to officiate Barbon Chappell also 

401i annex'd to the said Church whose maintennce is but the 

p. ann. yearely Styppend of 311. 16s And the further sume of forty 

pounds for ye maintennce of the Minister yt shall officiate 

in the Chappell of Middleton annexed also to the said 

Church whose maintennce is but the yearely Styppend of 

ten pounds And the further sume of forty pounds to and 

for increase of the Maintennce of Samuell Harrison Minister 

of the Chappell of Killington also annexed to the said 

Church his present Maintence being but six pounds six 

shillings p aim And the further sume of forty pounds out 

of the aforesaid Tythes and pfitts for increase of ye 

Maintenance of such Minister as shall officiate in the 

Chappell of ffirbanke annexed to the said Church whose 

p'nt Maintenance is but three pounds six shillings & eight 

pence p ann All which paymts to continue during the 

severall Leases of ye said Sr Henry Bellingham and Capt 

Tho Wilson in the pmises and no longer saveing & reserving 

unto ye said Colledge all rights dues, rents and pfitts to 

them due & belonging or in any wise appertaining And 

that it be reported to the house. 

Gilbt. Millington. l 

Right Honable. 

Those extraordinary favours which in the manageing of my affairs 
I have receaved from yor Honor would proclaime me the most 
ungratefull amongst men should I not ever study how in any regard 
I might be so happy as to serve you who by yor honorble respects 
and Curtesies have layd so strong an engagement upon me. The 
assurance which I have of yor tendemes over the Servants of the 

1. S. P. Dom. F. 1. (Record Office) ; Duplicated in Bodl. MS. 322- 

ioi6 The Ejected of 1662 

Gospell doth encourage me to repsent to yr honor my humble desire 
of perfecting that Order which being in London I desired from you 
concerneing my psent establishment in this place ; but haveing 
especially lately from Mr. Moore receaved advertisement of yor noble 
fcrwardnes in that my busynesse, had you any direcons from me 
concerning it, I am first obliged to give yor Honr thankes for that 
undeserved care, and then psume to certifie you of the purport of 
that Peticon. My Lord, the Incumbent at Kirkby Lonsdale, one 
Buchanan beinge fledd from his place I was by the generall vote of 
the Parish elected for their Minister, this Delinquent being still in 
the Enemies Quarters at Newarke, and thereby rendred uncapable of 
Church office, it was the humble desire of the Parish and the Ministers 
of these parts to yor Honr that an Order (as usually) from the 
Northerne Comittee might be issued out for the disablinge of the said 
Buchanan and establishing of my selfe at this place. The Coittee of 
Westmerland their articles taken agst him £ind the Ministers peticons 
for me are in yor Honors custodye : If it please yor Honr to agitate 
the said businesses and prfect this Order it will conduce much to my 
happiness and fasten in me a resolution of setlinge here who am 
otherwise unwilling to run the hazard of disturbinge. The like 
Order was by Sr Wm. Eremin and the rest of the Comrs at their last 
being at Kendale granted to my brother for the Ejectinge of Mr. 
Briggs Vicar of Hevsham a notorious malignant, and establishing him 
in fuU possion. This because Capt. Wm. Garnet an officer undr 
yor Honor and one of my Congregation a man of singular fidelity and 
zeale to the Gospell and this psent cause will more fully satisfie you 
in this matter who is by the unajnimous desire of the Parish sent up 
to intercede with the parliamt if by any meanes he may not onely 
procure my establishment here but also additionall augmentacon of 
the stipend for so great a charge beinge small and inconsiderable and 
some relief for many poore Chapelries under my charge. That especiall 
interest which yor Honor hath in the Houses cannot be better 
imployed than by yor noble using of it for the despatching of this 
businesse so conducible to the setlinge of a Conscionable Ministry in 
these remote Corners then which as nothing can be more acceptable 
to God, so nor can any thing more oblige these parts to yor service 
nor more strongly engage him to all expresses of gratitude who is 

my Lord 
Kirkby Lonsdale this Yor honours most humble orator 

April 14. 1646 to the throne of Grace 

Westmrland. . Guiel Cole, 

ffor the right Honrable my Singular good Lord Philip Wharton at 
his Lodgings in Whitehall. These 

[End.] 14 Aprill 1646 psent humblye. 

Mr. Coale of Kirby Lonsdale.* 

1. Rawl. MSS. Letters 104, fol. 17. 

Kirkby Lonsdale i o 1 7 


Lonsdale. Januar 28. 1647. 

Wheras this Comittee have the 5th of May 1647 grted 401i a yeare 
out of the tithe Barne called Dalton & other surplis of the profitts 
of the Impropriate R«ctorie of Burton in the Countie of Westmerland 
Sequestred from Sr John Preston papist and delinqt not then 
disposed of for increase of the maintennce of Mr. Cole for officiateing 
the Cure of the Church of Kirkby Lonsdale in the sd Countie And 
this Comittee are informed that pte of the aforesd Rectorie doth lie 
wthin the Countie of Lancaster It is ordered that a proptionall pte 
of the sd 401i a yeare be paid out of the aforesd profitts arising 
wthin the sd Countie of Lancaster as are answerable to soe much 
as is of the said Rectories wthin the sd Countie wch the Sequestrators 
of the sd profitts wthin the sd Countie are required to paie accordinglie 
to be accompted from the 22nd day of Aprill 1646.' 

Kirkby Lonsdale. December 9. 1648. 

Whereas this Cottee have ye 22 of Aprill 1646 granted the yearly 
6ume of thirtie pounds out of ye pfRtts tyths & revenues of ye 
Impropriate Rectory of Kirby Lonsdale in ye County of Westmerland 
sequestred from Sr Henry Bellingham & Capt. Thomas Wilson 
delinquents severall Leassees thereof from & under Trinity CoUedge 
in Cambridge for increase of ye maintennce of Wm. Cole Vicar of 
Kirby Lonsdale aforesd the Vicarage whereof was in the best times 
worth about 601i p ann & yt ye further sume of 401i be allowed & 
pd out of the said tythes & pffitts for maintennce of a Minister to 
officiate in the Chappell of Hutton annexed to the said Church the 
maintennce thereof beinge but the Stipend of 5li 10s p anai & ye 
further sume of 401i out of ye aforesd pffitts for maintennce of a 
minister to officiate in Barbon Chappell also annexed to the said 
Church whose maintennce is but the stipend of 31i 10s p ann & ye 
further sume of fourty pounds for ye maintennce of a minister yt 
should officiate in ye Chappell of Middleton annexed to the sd 
Church whose maintennce is but ye yearely stipend of lOli & ye 
further sume of fourty pounds for increase of ye maintennce of 
Samuel Harison Minister of ye Chappell of Killington also annexed 
to ye sd Church his psent maintennce beinge but 61i 15s p ann & ye 
further sume of 401i out of ye aforesd tythes & ffitts for ye increase 
of ye maintennce of such Minister as should officiate in the Chappell 
of ffirbancke annexed to ye sd Church whose psnt maintennce is 
but 3. 16. 8. p ann AH wch paymts to continue during ye seurall 
leases of ye sd Sr. Henry Bellingham & Capt. Tho. Wilson in ye 
pmisses & no longer savinge reserving unto the sd CoUedge all duties 
rents & pffitts to them due & belonging or any wages apptaining wch 
sd order upon ye delinquents Composicons for their respective 

1. Bodl. MS. 325. 

ioi8 The Ejected of 1662 

delinquencies became fruiteless for yt ye sd Sr Henry Bellingham is 
againe seqrd for delinquency since his sd Composion It is therefore 
ordered yt ye sd augmentacions be continued to ye sd Church & 
Chappells according to ye tenor of ye sd order out of ye pftitts 
tythes & revenues of ye sd Impropriacon wch are seqrd from ye sd 
Sr Henry Bellingham wch ye seqrs of ye prmisses are required to 
pay accordingly at such times & seasooifi of ye yeare as the same shall 
become due & payable wth all the arreares due.' 

It has been previously shown that with a view to 
making the Sequestration fall as lightly as possible upon 
the family of the Sequestered, a fifth of the income of the 
sequestered living was assigned to the wife on making 
application for it; and William Cole seems to have been 
particularly slow in falling in with these requirements. 
The documents which follow show what was the spirit of 
the Commissioners in relation to this matter; and the 
threat to sequester the living from one of their own 
nominees, in favour of the wife of the Sequestered Royalist 
Clergyman, unless all dues were fully and promptly met, 
is especially interesting : — 

Kirby Lonsdale. August 25. 1646. 

Upon the humble peticon of Nichocolas the wife of George Buchanan 
from whom the viccarage of Kirby Lonsdale in the Countie of 
Westmland is sequestred It is ordered that the said Mrs. Buchanan 
shall have for & towards the maintennce of her & her children the full 
cleere 5th pte of all the tithes rents gleab lands & Easter booke of the 
sd Viccarage (all taxes & charges first deducted out of the whole) 
unless good Cause in writinge be shewn to the Contrary before the 
Comittee of pliamt for the said County the sd Mr Buchanan and 
his wife yieldinge all due obedience to the sd Sequestrcon The 
Examinacon of wch Cause (if there be any) this Comittee doe referre 
to the sd Comittee or any three of them who are desired to heare the 
pties on both sides therein & to call before them & exame the witnesses 
that shalbe as well for proof e of the sd cause as in behalf e of the sd 
Mrs. Buchanan for the justifyinge of her & the sd paymt of the sd 
5th pte & to determine the differences betweene them if they can or 
otherwise to certifie to this Cotee the whole busyness wth their opinion 
thereon. 2 

The late Rev. T. W. Webb, of Hardwick Vicarage, 
Hereford, had in his MS. collection a series of documents 

1. Bodl. MS. 325. 

2. Add. MSS. Brit. Mus. 15670. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 


relating to this matter. Under date Nov. 13, 1646, appear 
the following : — 

Kendal. Certificate under the hands of Allen Gilpin, Mayor, and 
six others (the Committee for the County of Westmoreland) to the 
Committee for plundered ministers, regarding the Vicarage of Kirkby 
Lonsdale in reference to the petition of Nicocolas (sic) wife of Mr. 
George Buchanan from whom the living was sequestered. 

The Answer of Wm. Cole, Clerk, to Mrs. Buchanan's order &c. 
(He says that Mr. and Mrs. B. are malignants.) 

Mrs. Buchanan's reply to the exceptions of Mr. Cole. 

Cole's further declaration in answer to the reply. 

Mrs. B.'s reply to the objection of Cole. 

Cole's answer: 16 Oct. 1646 (copia vera).^ 

To these may be appended the following : — 

Kirby Lonsdale. Martij 17. 1646/7. 

Upon the humble peticon of Nichocolas the wife of George Buchanan 
from whom the vicarage of Kirby Longsdale in the County of 
Westmland is sequestred It is ordered that the Cottee of pliamt for 
the said County be desired to certifie to this Cottee by the 29th day 
of Aprill next the cause whereof the fift pte of the said vicarage is not 
paid unto her according to the order of the second of August last. 2 

Kirby Longsdale. April 29. 1647. 

It is ordered that the Comittee of pliamt for ye Countie of 
Westmerland shall have further daie to certifie wherefore the 5th pte 
of the Vicarage of Kirby Longsdale in the said Countie is not 
paid unto Nichocolas the wife of Mr. Buchanan from whome the sd 
Vicarage is sequestred according to the order of the second of August 
last till the [blank] next on wch daie the Comittee will heare the said 
Cause. 3 

Kirby Longsdale. Junij 22. 1647. 

It is this daie ordered by consent of both sides that the Comittee 
of pliamt for the Countie of Westmerland doe & they are hereby 
desired to examine the vaUew of the vicarage of Kerby Lonsdale in 
the Countie of Westmerland & apporcon the 5th pte thereof (all taxes 
& charges first deducted out of the whole) unto Nichocolas the wife 
of Mr. Buchanan from whome the sd viccarage is sequestred & see 
the same paide Accordinglie from tyme to tyme to be accompted from 
the 25th of August 1646 on wch day the sd 5th pte was graunted. 4 

1. H. M. C. Seventh Report, Pt. I, p. 686. Mr. Webb died some 
thirty years ago, and his MS. collection has been bequeathed to the 
Hereford Free Library. 

2. Bodi. MS. 324. 

3. Ihid. 

4. Add. MSS. Brit. Mus. 15671. 

I020 The Ejected of 1662 

Kirby Longsdale. October 9. 1647. 

Whereas this Cotee the 22nd day of June last ordered by consent 
of both sides that the Cotee of pliamt for the Countie of Westmerland 
should examine the vallue of the viccarage of Kerby Longsdale in the 
said Countie & apporcon the 5th pte thereof (all taxes & charges first 
deducted out of the whole) unto Nicholas the wife of Mr. Buchanon 
from whome the sd vicarage is sequestred to see the same paid 
accordinglie from tyme to tyme to be accounted from the 25th day of 
August 1646 on wch daie the sd 5th pte was graunted And the said 
Mrs. Buchanan complayneth that notwithstanding the said order 
Mr. Cole to whome the sd vicarage is sequestred refuseth to paie 
the sd 5th pte alledginge that he never gave his consent thereto 
It is this day ordered that the said Mr. Cole doe forthwth paie 
unto the sd Mrs. Buchanon the sd 5th pte in obedience, to the sd 
order togeather wth all arreares thereof In default whereof it is 
ordered that the said Viccarage be sequestred from him. And this 
Cotee doe referre it to the Cotee of pliamt for the sd Countie to see 
this order duelie executed & to sequester the said livinge from the 
sd Mr. Cole in case he shall refuse to paie the same & to see the said 
Mris. Buchanan satisfied the sd 5th ptes.' 

The following entries relating to William Cole's family 
are taken from the Registers : — 

November 1647 Sepult. William Cole filij William Cler. vij. 

December [date gone] 1649 [BaptJ Marie Cole filia Mr. Willm Cole 

februarie 1649-50 Sepult Marie Cole filia Mr. Wilkn Cole Cler. et 
Minister de Kyrbye 26. 

William Cole left Kirkby Lonsdale about 1652. Brand 
says that he settled at St. John's, Newcastle, March 25, 
1652—3.2 In the "Memoir of Ambrose Barnes " it is stated 
that " when the wars were over there came to K^ewcastle 
by Alderman Barnes his means Mr. Cole, a polite man 
and an eloquent preacher who afterwards conformed."^ 
He had a daughter, Elizabeth, buried there, Aug. 2, 1654; 
another, Grace, baptized Jan. 24, 1654-5; a son, John, 
baptized Aug. 14, 1656, and buried Feb. 1656-7. On 
Aug. 7, 1656, he was added to the Commissioners for 
Ejecting Scandalous Ministers and Schoolmasters in 

1. Add. MSS. Brit. Mus. 15671. 

2. Hist, of Newcastle, vol. i, p. 118; 

3. Surtees Society, vol. 1, p. 129. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 102 1 

Northumberland.^ Along with Richard Gilpin he appears 
in the list of visitors to Cromwell's new College at 
Durham, May 15, 1657, with which is associated the name 
of the celebrated Richard Frankland.^ Shortly afterwards 
he removed to Preston in Lancashire.^ The following is 
a notice of his admission to the Preston living together 
with a reference to his Augmentation : — 
Preston in ye 
County of Lancr. Feby 10. 1657/8. 

William Coale CI. admitted the 10th. day of ffeb. 1657 to ye V. of 
preston in ye County of Lancr. Upon a presentation from Sir 
Eichard Hoghton Baronet exhibited the same day, and Certificates 
from Eic. Hoghton Tho. Johnson Isaac Ambrose Edw. Gee Wm. 
Browsword Cl.^ 

He is given by Smith ^ as immediately succeeding Isaac 
Ambrose in Preston in 1658, which, of course, is an error, 
for Ambrose had been at Garstang, at least, three years 
before. He is mentioned as of Preston in the Minutes 
of the Manchester Classis on Oct. 6, 1658, along with 
Brownsword and some others.^ It was ordered on March 
26, 1658, that " the Yearely sume of 401i be paid to "Wm. 
Cole Minister of Preston," and a further grant of £20 was 

1. S. P. Dom. Inter., I. 77, 322-323. Vide Cromwell's Letters by 
Carlyle (Chapman and Hall), vol. iv, p. 224, for an interesting letter 
from the Protector's pen to the Mayor of Newcastle Dec. 18, 1656. It 
deals with the relations between the Independents and Presbyterians, 
and reference is made to a letter Cromwell had sent to Wm. Cole and 
some others. 

2. This list, which contains many Cumberland and Westmorland names, 
is given in Cromwell's Letter authorising the founding of the College 
(Diary of Thomas Burton, vol. ii, Appendix viii). 

3. Henry Newcome has the following in his Autobiography : — " July 
22nd Thursday 1658. I heard with what a discouraging providence the 
Lord met Mr. Cole, in his removal to Preston from Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne; his wife's mother going to meet them, was in the coach when it 
was overturned in a very dirty place, and was hurt, and died within 
two or three days." (C. S. (O.S.), vol. xxvi, p. 94.) What a vivid 
picture of the perils and inconveniences of travel two hundred and fifty 
years ago. 

4. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 998; vide also C. S. (N.S.). vol. 34, 
p. 216. 

5. Eecords of Preston Parish Ch., p. 59. 

6. C. S. (N.S.), vol. 24, p. 305. 

I02 2 The Ejected of 1662 

made Jan. 1658-9, giving a total of £60 in atigmentation 
of his stipend.^ He makes his first appearance in the 
Preston Registers under date Oct. 12, 1658, when he signs 
in connection with a marriage as " Cleake Ministr of 
Preston." Under date Feb. 26, 1660-1, the Parish Clerk 
records a marriage by " Mr. Willm Cole or [our] Minister 
of Preston," and on April 5th and 21st, 1662, respectively 
marriages were solemnized by " Willm Cole, Yicar de 
Preston." Calamy states that Cole was ejected from 
Preston but afterwards conformed in Essex; and relates 
the following story respecting him and Isaac Ambrose : — 

A little after the King's Restauration there was a Meeting of above 
20 Ministers at Bolton, to consult what Course to take. Mr. Ambrose 
and Mr. Cole of Preston declar'd before them all, that they could 
, read the Common-Prayer and should do it, the State of their Places 
requiring it, in which otherwise their Service was necessarily at 
present at an end. The Ministers considering the Circumstances of 
their Case approv'd their Proceeding. Mr. Cole (afterwards Dr. Cole) 
was so forward as to Express himself at the same time, in words to 
this Purpose. Gentlemen I am got to my Hercules Pillars ; my ne 
plus ultra, I shall go no farther. And indeed he was tum'd out of 
Preston ; but found some stronger Motives in other Parts : For he 
afterwards Conform'd, and was Lecturer at Dedham in Essex. But as 
for Mr. Ambrose he liv'd and dy'd a Nonconformist. 2 

The following letter from Thomas Hodgkinson, who was 
Mayor. of Preston in 1672, shows that Cole was still here 
in the middle of July, 1662. Too much should not be 
made of Lowde's statement that Cole was involved in the 
"buhmess" of the "rising": — 


Right WorrpU 
My penn shold not have assumed the Boldness of writeing to yor 
selfe but that I feared the Miscarriage hereof, if directed to my 
Brother (being sent by John Cadman now upon his iorney towards 
London) Sr the occasion is as foUoweth, yesterday there came into 
Serjeant Bostocks house in this Towne one James Bolton & [blank] 
Lowde both of Blackeborne hundd and after some discourse Boulton 
addressed himselfe to Serieant Bostocke with th^e (or such like) 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 995. 

2. Calamy, vol. ii, p. 409. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 


expressions (vizt) well now I am one that come to Preston to buy 
Come but all the presbiterians and independants about Manchester 
Joyne together and within this six Weekes you shall see mee in 
Preston with Horse and Annes amongst many others in the like 
equipage ; And for this Towne of Preston you are All Cavaliers & 
must bee sequestred againe ; And for Lowde hee asked the Serjeant 
what Mr. Cole was and afterwards said Let him be of what pswasion 
hee will hee is an honest man and is engaged in this business. Sr this 
is the Substance of what 1 remembr of the 2 sevall informations given 
by the Said Serjeant Bostocke to Mr. Maior & Mr. Rigby This day ; 
Upon which Mr Rigby hath sent forth his Warrants by Abell Mosse 
of this Towne (of whom my Brother can Informs yor Worsp) to 
apphend the blads and wee hope to see them here this night ; if not 
they will bee brought to morrow to the Justices at Ormke Sessions 
whither Mr. Rigby is already gone to waite on them ; Sr I thought my 
selfe in some measure obleiged to give yor WorppU this short & 
' sharp narrative of this transaccon, and humbly begg you will indulge 
mee that respect as not to Comunicate the Contents too publickly 
(being onely knowne to some 4 or 5 psons here) This oppertunity of 
sending hath p'vented my Coming to Wigan to morrow, which 
otherwise I had resolved to doe upon this very account. 
13 July 1662 The rest is the humble Service of 

For the Rt. Wprspll Sr. Roger 

Yor most humble & devoted 
Bradshaigh at Haigh 



That William Cole ultimately conformed may be taken 
fis certain; but what happened to him iu Preston? On 
May 24th, 1660, five days before the King's entry into 
London, he preached his Restoration sermon. This 
sermon is extremely rare, the copy in the Bodleian being 
the only one known to exist. The text is Is. I. 25, 26, 
and the sermon is in his pedantic style, Latin, Greek and 
Hebrew being freely interspersed. The dedication is to 
Sir George Booth, being dated October 31, 1660, and as it 
throws considerable light upon his position and feeling at 
the time the following from it may be acceptable : — 

Noah's Dove with her Olive-Branch : or the happy Tidings of the 
Abatement of the Flood of England's CivU Discords. As it was 

1. The Bradshaigh MS. 

I024 The Ejected of 1662 

delivered in a Sermon Preached at Preston in the Coiwity Palatine 
of Lancaster on the 24th of May 1660. Being the Publick Day of 
Thanksgiving for the Restoration of his Sacred and most Excellent 
Majesty Charles the Second. By William Cole, Batchelor of divinity 
and Minister of the Gospel there. Imaginem Caesaris Caesari redde 
quae in nummo est imaginem. Dei Deo quae in homine est. Tertul. 
de Idololatr. London, Printed by James Cottrel, for Nathaniel 
Webb at the King's Head in St. Paul's Church Yard 1661. Quarto, 
4 leaves, and pp. 36. 

In the dedication he speaks of having had — 

no small amount of adversity from those present powers. Since, 
the preaching hereof I have with no little sadness of spirit, observed 
the impetuous torrent of unmerciful reproaches pouring out itself 

upon many pretious servants of Jesus Christ within this County 

The evil will of some persons endeavours to fasten upon us the black 
imputations of Disaffection and Disloyalty and Dissatisfaction with 
his Majesties supremacie according to the law. 

He refers to the Clergy of the County as famous for 
" their Fidelity in the worst times," and " notoriously 
disavowed the Titles and Triumphs of Usurpation." He 
states that he has considerable acquaintance with many 
" Orthodox Godly Learned Men, whom God hath set up as 
glorious Lights and Stars in this Northern Hemisphere." 

Many stars of the greatest magnitude have finished their courses — 
such as Herle, HoUingworth, Gee & others. . . . They are not few nor 
small afflictions and losses which myself and some others have 
undergone now very lately, upon the account of our objected Non- 
conformity and our real desires to wait the Royal pleasure of his 
Sacred Majesty in point of Publique Worship, as also our willingness 
not to anticipate or pre-occupate the publique resolution of State, 
by our own private determination of that controversie in our own 
particular practise. We are under good hopes that the Determination 
of these things (which in their present posture may so easily be made 
the advantage of serving the particular spleens and passions of men 
against many godly, and orthodox and peaceable in the land) will 
produce such a Reformation and Moderation as will issue in mutual 
satisfaction to all of indifferent persuasions. For my own part, 
although I do profess myself zealously affected to a common 
Uniformity, provided it be bottom'd upon such foundations as 
do not carry in them just cause of dissent or discontent : Yet 
I cannot but remember what TertuUian speaks when men do 
adimere libertatem Religionis & interdicere Optionem Divinitatis ; 
which he there calls Eulogium non Religionis sed Irreligiositatis. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 


I know nothing in our Ecclesiastical Affairs, but may with comfort 
and content draw in the whole Body into a common mediocrity, if 
the sober ventilation of controverted things might have place, and the 
passion prejudice and opportunities of divided Interests might be 
exploded. I publish this, that all men may see That it was not the 
Confidence of Conformity with our Principles, that was the founda- 
tion of our asserting of the Royal Interest; that we bottom not our 
Allegiance upon the Comporting of Authority with our Judgements ; 
that subjection is owned to be our duty, although we should fall 
under the most diametral opposition of Civil Laws and Sanctions to 
our Principle in the things of God ; that we give submission to 
lawful Powers, though we should suffer the deepest affliction by 
lawful Powers, which yet we hope we shall never see. Subjection to 
Authority, and Subjection to Jesus Christ, are not things of incon- 
sistencie, but where Christian profession is made up more of the dross 
of self-interest, then of the refined Gold of the Sanctuary. 

It is clear that his position in Preston was not altogether 
easy and that he did not succeed in satisfying either 
party. His friend was Henry Xewcome of Manchester, 
who has a series of interesting references to him in his 
Diary as follows : — 

1661/2 Wednes. Jan. 8. I received a letter from Mr. Ambrose & 

Mr. Cole touchinge ye E. of Darby. Ye Ld direct us to doe wt 

may be right & for God's glory.' 

1661/2 Frid. Jan. 10 : Mr. Harrison met mee at Stockport to conclude 

our writeinge about ye E. of Derby. And after I cam home I wrot 

ye letter over yt went to London, and after wrot to Mr. Cole, & 

to Mr. Eccleston.^ 

1662 Satturdy Sep. 13. 
Ashurst touchinge Caldcot. 

1662-3. Tues. Mar. 17. 

Wrot letters to my Br. Mr. Cole & Mr. 

I wrot to Mr. Cole ys eveninge.^ 

Cole makes his last appearance in the Preston Registers 
on April 21, 1662; but the extracts from Xewcome's Diary 
suggest that he was in the neighbourhood in March 1662-3. 
The tendency of modern writers is to deny that Cole was 
ejected, and I confess to considerable suspicion respecting 
men classed by Calamy as ejected who afterwards con- 
formed; but on the whole I am inclined to think that, 

1. Diary C. S. (O.S.), vol. xviii, p. 43. 

2. Ihid., p. 44. 

3. Ibid., p. 121. 

4. Ibid., p. 168. 

I026 The Ejected of 1662 

whether Cole suffered forcible Ejection or not, in view of 
his boast about his ne plus ultra he found it in every way 
desirable that he should remove. He was presented to 
the living at Dedham June 10, 1663, by Charles II, and 
compounded for his First Fruits there in 1663. He 
resigned before 1665. In Newcourt's " B-epertorium " is 
the following : — - 
Dedham : Vicar. 
Henchm. Will. Cole CI. 6 Jun. 1663 per mort ult. Vic' 

There were members of the Cole family resident in 
Dedham in 1640. Samuel Cole and John Crosse "Clothiers 
of Dedham " were charged in that year with " speaking 
many disloyal words of his Majesty and abuse his pro- 
ceedings against the Scots whom they said were honest 
people and would do us no harm, but rather good." ^ 
Possibly their presence may explain William Cole's 
removal thither. Calamy refers to him as Dr. Cole, but 
it is possible that that is a confusion for Dr. William Cole, 
an eminent physician, who practised in Worcester and 
London, and died in 1716, aged 81 years. ^ William Cole 
married Grace, the daughter of John Jenkinson, 4 draper 
of Preston ; and the following notice of her burial appears 
in the Preston Registers : — 

1676-7 February Mrs. Cole relict of Wm. Cole Clerk of Preston. 

From this it appears that William Cole predeceased his 
wife. He was living, however, within two or three years 

1. Vol. ii, p. 210. 

2. Cal. S. P. for 1640, p. 612. 

3. Al. Ox. 

4. Among the buildings which occupied the site on which the Preston 
Town Hall now stands was a large picturesque hcuse in 1629. This date 
was inscribed upon it in two places and in addition the letters I. A. I. 
[John and Ann Jenkinson]. John Jenkinson died before the building 
was erected, but he left instructions in his Will that it should be 
proceeded with. The Preston Registers contain the following : — 
"Burialls Februarie 1628-9 Mr. Jenkinson drap. Sept 20 die." He left 
two daughters, Elizabeth died young ; and Grace married William Cole. 
Two daughters were the product of this marriage, vizt. Grace and Anne. 
(Vide "Ancient Houses in the Market Place of Preston." By Wm. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 1027 

of that time; for Henry Newcome refers to him in the 
following terms, on March 28, 1673 : — • 

Mr. Cole, in his way to London was with me to prosecute an 
invitation of me into Ireland again.' 
In the Preston Guild HoUs appear the following : — 
1662 Cole Gulielmus Cler. Jur. 
1682 Cole Ed'us filius Thomae Cole de Cole Ar.^ 

It is interesting to note that he was admitted a free 
burgess as early as 1654. The White Book of Preston 
gives the following : — 

Wm. Cole Clearke minister off ye Gospell att St. John's in New 
Caatle upon Tyne, admitted a free man by coppie of Cort Rolle 
gratis, the 31st of July 1654, att wch tyme hee tooke the oath of a 
free man. 

Doubtless we are to see here the influence of the Jenkinson 
family into which he married, and with which no doubt 
he became acquainted during his Kirkby Lonsdale 
ministry. The Administration Bond also of a " William 
Coale of Preston " was presented at Richmond in 1680. In 
addition to the Funeral Sermon for Henry Masy, William 
Cole was joint author of " The Perfect Pharisee," &c. 

During his residence in Kirkby Lonsdale he came much 
into contact with the Quakers, and was one of their most 
powerful opponents. At the Sessions held at Appleby, 
Jan. 1652-3, James Nayler, the Quaker, was tried on a 
charge of blasphemy, and among the witnesses were 
William Cole and Francis Higginson of Kirkby Stephen. 
William Cole is simply mentioned by name without the 
name of the place where he was ministering. An account 
of the trial is given by Besse, and it is interesting as 
illustrating the type of questions put to the accused 
Quakers in those days."^ William Cole also wrote a 
Prefatory Letter to Isaac Ambrose's " Ministration of 

1. Autobiography. C. S. (O.S.), vol. xxvii, p. 206. 

2. Preston Guild Eolls (Record Society, vol. ix), pp. 127, 184. 

3. Vide pp. 932, 935. 

4. Sufferings of the Quakers, vol. ii, p. 3. 

I02 8 The Ejected of 1662 

Angels," dated " Octob. 8, 1661," ^ he being then at 
Preston. It appears side by side with one from E-ichard 
Baxter dated Nov. 29, 1661, and is in striking contrast 
with it. Dr. Halley says of it : — " It is about as pedantic 
and pretentious a letter as was ever written by a doctor in 
divinity." ^ It is impossible to read it without appreciat- 
ing the justice of this remark. 

John Smith, 1652/3—1657. 

His appointment and Augmentation are referred to in 
the following : — 

Newcastle upon 


Kirkby Lonsdale. By the Comrs. March 31st 1653. 

Whereas Mr. John Smyth hath addressed himselfe to us desiring 
to bee approved for the worke of the Ministry and upon tryall and 
examinacon of his Guifts before us by divers godly and able Minrs. 
according to the Rule of the Act of Parliamt is found fitt to preach 
the Gospell of Jesus Christ and to bee duely qualifyed and guifted 
for that holy Imployment and hath given us Satisfaccon of his Holy 
life and Conversacon and Conformity to the psent Government These 
are therefore by vertue of the power and Authority to us given by 
the parliamt. to appoint and Constitute the said Mr. Smyth Minister 
of Kirkby Lonsdale in the County of Westmland and for his Support 
and Maintennce It is ordered that the Viccaridge of Kirkby Lonsdale 
aforesaid and the Tythes of Burton and al the Tythes usually brought 
to Burton by the Bame bee setled upon the said Mr. John Smyth hee 
paying the fee farme rent of nineteen poundes p Annirai to the 
purchassers thereof and that hee bee discharged and freed (as much 
as in us lyes) from payment of the Tenthes for the future and hee is 
hereby vested in the same and as Lawfully seised thereof to all intents 
and purposes as if he had been Instituted and Inducted according 
to any former Course of Lawe. 

G. Vane Henry Ogle Tho Craister John Ogle Wm Shafto Lu. 
Rillingworth Tho. Langhorne Hen. Horsly Wilhn Dawson G. Dawson 
Edw. Winter Cuth. Studholme. E. Anth. Parsons." 

Kirkby Lonsdale. 

The like for Mr. John Smyth of Kirkby Lonsdale in Count. 
Westmland Dated att Whitehall ye 9th May 1654. 
Jo. Nye, Regr. 4 

1. Vide Ambrose's Works (Ed. 1759), p. 917 

2. Lancashire : its Puritanism and Nonconformity, vol. ii, p. 201, note. 

3. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 1006. 

4. Ibid., 968. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 1029 


Kerby Longsdale. April 5. 1655. 

Mr. Smyth ye value of ye liveing 451i — 35li allow him out of Warton 
Lane. 1 

Kirkby Lonsdale 

Dec. 2. 1656. Reed. Thursday 10th Aprill 1656. 

Att the Councell att Whitehall Ordered by his Highnes the Lord 
Protector and the councell that it bee recomended to the Trustees for 
maintenance of Ministers to consider of adding to the Augmentacon 
of the Minister of Kirkby Longsdale eight poundes out of Bolton 
and two poundes six shillinges eight pence out of Cawby being not 
disposed of. 

Hen. Scobell CI. of 
the Councell. 2 

Kerby Lonsdale. May i3. 1656. 

Whereas the Comrs for propagation of the Gospell in the fower 
Northerne Counties have by theire ordr of ye 31 of March 1653 
Graunted the tenthes of the vicarage of Kerby Longsdale in the 
County of Westmerland being two pounds one shilling & six pence to 
& for increase of the maintennce of the Minr of Kirby Longsdale 
aforesaid It is ordered that the same bee from time to time Continued 
unto Mr. John Smith Minr of Kirby Longsdale aforesd (approved 
according to the Ordinance for Approbacon of publique Preachers) to 
& for a further increase of his maintennce over & above the Augmen- 
tacon of ffive & thirty pounds a yeare setled upon him by ordr of the 
2 of April last And that Mr. Edmund Branthwaite Recr is hereby 
appointed to pay the same accordingly Provided that this ordr bee 
first entred wth the Auditor. 

Jo. Thorowgood Jo Humfrey Ri Yong Ri Sydenham Jo Pocock.'' 

Kirby Longsdale. Decemb 2. 1656. 

In pursuance of an order of his Highnes the Lord Protector and 
the Councell of the 10th of April 1656 It is ordered that the yearely 
Same of two poundes six shillings eight pence be and the same is 
hereby graunted to and for a further increase of maintennce to the 
Minister of Kirby Longsdale in the County of Westmland over and 
above the Augmentacon already in charge upon these Trustees. And 
that the same be from time to time paid unto Mr. John Smith 
Minister of Kirby Longsdale aforesaid (approved according to the 
Ordinance for approbacon of publique preachers) out of the rents & 
profitts of the improprate tithes of Coulby in the said County 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 1021. 

2. Ihid., 977. 

3. Ibid., 971. 

I030 The Ejected of 1662 

for such time as he shall discharge the duty of the Minister of the 
said place or untill further order of these Trustees And Mr. Edmund 
Bra<nthwaite Receiver is hereby appoted to pay the same unto him 
accordingly Provided that this ordr be first entered wth the Auditor. 
John Thorowgood John Humfrey Ra Hall Ri Sydenham Richard 

The baptismal entry of a child is given in the Registers : 

fiebruary 1652 Baptiz'd Willm Smith fil. John Smith Clerck Kerby 

Calamy and Palmer wrongly assign " Kirkby Longsdale " 
to Lancashire, and say that John Smith was ejected from 
this place. No particulars are given beyond the mere 
statement of the fact, but both are errors. ^ The truth is 
that the ministerial Smiths, the Johns preponderating, 
were very numerous in these northern parts about this 
period, and it is almost impossible to find a clear way 
through them. There was a John Smith appointed in 
1654 as Itinerant Preacher for Eskdale, Wastdale, Mun- 
caster, Irton and Drigg; a John Smith who removed from 
Melling before 1650 to a benefice in Northumberland; a 
John Smith at Rainford Jan. 1653-4. Dr. Shaw men- 
tions John Smith of Kirby, Aug. 1655 (Kirkby being in 
Walton Parish, near Liverpool) as ejected in 1662.^ This 
surely must be a mistake, for Nehemiah Ambrose was 
ejected from that place ; and John Smith of Kirkby 
Lonsdale joined in a Certificate to P. Jackson, School- 
master of Kirkby Lonsdale, on his appointment to Warton, 
near Lancaster, in Aug. 1655. Similarly in a Certificate 
to Ambrose Rowland, dated Oct, 16, 1657, for Appleby. 
Under date 1664, Besse * says that Miles "Walker had 
goods taken from him to the value of 18s. for an Easter 
Reckoning by John Smith " Priest of Kirby-Lonsdale," 
the amount of the demand being Is. 6d. Unfortunately 
Besse is not always reliable in his dates; and there must 
be some error here, either in the name of the " Priest " or 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 993. 

2. He does not appear in Calamy's First Edition. 

3. Bury Classis, C.S. (N.S.). vol. 41, p. 254. 

4. Sufferings &c., vol. ii, p. 14. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 103 1 

the date, as John Smith had been gone from Kirkby 
Lonsdale some six years. Whatever is doubtful it is 
certain that John Smith was not ejected from Kirkby 
Lonsdale : for he appears to have left before the end of 
1657. What became of him is not known. 

Richard Tatham, 1657. 

He removed to this place from Heversham, and his 
appointment to Kirkby Lonsdale is referred to in the 
following documents : — 

Kirkby Lonsdale 
in Com. 

Mr. Richard Tatham — admitted the 16th. day of Decemr. 1657 to 
the V. of Kirkby Lonsdale in the County of Westmrland Upon a 
Pres. exhibited the same day from his Highnes the Lord protector 
under his Seal Manuall And Certificates from Geo. ffothergill of Orton 
fir. Higginson of Kirby Stephen Ambrose Rowland of Appleby Will 
Garnet Wm. Applegarth.^ 

Kirkby Longsdale. December 18. 1657. 

The Trustees having the 22 of April 1656 Graunted the yearely sume 
of thirty five poundes unto Mr. John Smith Minister of Kirkby 
Longsdale in the County of Westmerland who is since removed It is 
Ordered that the said Thirty five poundes a yeare be graunted to and 
for encrease of the maintenance of the Minister of Kerkby Longsdale 
aforesaid and from time to time paid unto Mr. Richard Tatham prete 
Minister there approved by the Comrs for Approbacon of publique 
preachers To hold for such time as he shall continue Minister there or 
further order of these Trustees out of the rents and profitts of the 
tythes of Warton in the County of Lancaster And that Mr. Robert 
Stockdale Recr doe pay the same unto him accordingly to be accompted 
from the 25th day of December instant. 

Edward Cressett Ra. Hall Jo. Humfrey Richard Sydenham Jo. 
Pocock. 2 

Kirby Longsdale. December 18. 1657. 

The Trustees having the 18th of December instant ccmtinued the 
yearely Sume of thirty five poundes unto Mr. Richard Tatham 
Ministr of Kirby Longsdale in the County of Westmland out of the 
tithes of Warton in the County of Lancastr It is ordered that the 
further yearely sume of three poundes foure shillings and two pence 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 998. 

2. Ihid., 995. 

1032 The Ejected of 1662 

be continued to the Ministr. of Kirby Longsdale aforesaid the same 
being formerly approved by his Highnes and Councel out of the 
particulars hereafter menconed vizt the Tenthes of the Vicarage of 
Kerby aforesaid amounting to Seaventeen shillinges six pence a yeare 
and, the further yearely sume of two poundes six shillinges eight pence 
out of the Rectory of Cowlby in the same County To hold from the 
25th of December instant for such time as he shall continue Ministr 
there or further order of these Trustees And that Mr. Edmund 
Branthwaite Recr doe pay the same unto him Accordingly. 

Jo. Thorowgood Edward Cressett Ra Hall Ri Yong George Cowper.i 

Further information respecting Richard Tatham is 

Edmund Tatham, M.A., 1661. 

He was of Christ's College, Cambridge, and compounded 
for his First Fruits in 1662. The name is inserted on the 
authority of the Act Book, which gives the date of his 
Institution as Sept. 30, 1661, on a Presentation by the 
Master and Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge. There 
is, however, some difficulty because, according to the 
Registers, Henry Hoyle comes upon the scene about this 
time. Edmund Tatham, a member of a local family, was 
instituted to the living at Tunstall, no great distance 
away, in 1664. Whether the two were identical has not 
been ascertained ; but he appears to have remained at 
Tunstall until 1699. 

Henry Hoyle, B.A., 1664—1676. 

He was ordained Deacon by " Tho. Candidas Casa. 
Epon. 'Nov. 13, 1661, and Priest by the same Dec. 13, 
1661." The Registers say: — 

Incipit January 1661 Hen. Hoyle Vicarius Ecclesiae. 

The Institution Books, however, have June 8, 1664, as the 
date of his Institution, the Presentation being the same 
as in the -previous case, and he compounded for his First 
Fruits in that year. Can it be that Henry Hoyle was 
serving as Curate until 1664? At the Bishop's Visitation 
June 27, 1674, he exhibited and appeared as Yicar with 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 995. MS. 1012 also states the 
continuance of the Augmentation " to Mr Ri Tatham from ye 25. of 
Dec. next 1657. 

Kirkby Lonsdale 1033 

E,obert Gardiner as " Ludimagr." According to the 
Kendal Indictment Book he was charged at the General 
Sessions held Jan. 15, 1674, with trespass upon the pro- 
perty of Jeromie Claughton of Cunrigg " infra Kirkby 
Lonsdale," and a " Billa vera " was returned against him. 
His name appears in the E-egisters for the last time in 
November 1675. 

John Briggs, B.A., 1676—1737. 

He was ordained Deacon by the Archbishop of York 
Sept. 25, 1670 ; Priest April 5, 1671 ; and on Nov. 15, 1671, 
he was instituted to the Hectory of " Heighsham in the 
'deanery of Kendal on the Presentation of Thomas Mather 
gent," ^ where he compounded for his First Fruits in 1674. 
Baines says that he was deprived on the charge of Simony. ^ 
He was instituted to Kirkby Lonsdale in Nov. 1676, on 
the death of Henry Hoyle, and inducted on the 23rd of 
ihat month by Richard Jackson, Rector of Whittingham, 
and Leonard Jackson, " de eod. Church." The Kendal 
Indictment Book for 1696 gives among persons qualified 
io serve as Jury for Lonsdale ward, " Edward Bambrigg, 
CI. of Kirkby Lonsdale, lives in Ireland." Probably this 
simply means that he was a native of Kirkby Lonsdale. 
A notice of the burial of John Briggs appears in the 
Registers thus : — 

Aprill 1737. 18th Sept. Mr. John Briggs vicar of Kirkby Lonsdale 

aged 91 and in the 61 year of his Residence at this Church. 

It has already been intimated that Kirkby Lonsdale 
had its Lectureship as well as Kendal, both Buchanan 
and Cole holding the position for some time. Previous 
"to this, however, Henry Masy and William Ellison served 
as such. 2 

1. Act Book (Chester Registry). 

2. History of Lancashire (Croston's Ed.), vol. v, p. 504. 

3. Vide p. 877. 



The Parish Church of this town, dedicated to St. 
Martin, has Registers dating back to 1610. The earliest 
volume is in poor condition, many of the entries being 
illegible and mildewed. The second begins in 1637, and 
at the commencement is the following : — " Windermere 
Baptizati Anno Salutis 1637." This volume consists of 
large, square parchment leaves ; while a third book is very 
small containing exceedingly rough entries. It would 
seem that the Troutbeck and Ambleside Registers were in 
part entered here. Nicolson and Burn treat this part of 
Westmorland very indifferently, as they do also the 
western side of Cumberland. They give little or no 
information about the Church at Windermere, and none 
whatever about its Incumbents. Whellan begins with a 
Rector in 1750, and states that the Registers date from 
1670. The following is a list of Incumbents for the 
period with which we are concerned.^ 

Adam Carus, 1548—1586. 

He was the son of William Cams of Esthwaite, Whin- 
iell, Kendal, and brother to Sir Thomas Cams, Knt., one 
of the Justices of the Queen's Bench in 1546. In the 
£rst consecration deed of Troutbeck " Chappell," it is 
stated that it was done with the " express consent and 
assent of that worshipful man Mr. Adam Carehouse, 
•clarke. Rector of the Parish Church of Windermer." He 

1. Much assistance has been obtained from Mr. George Browne of 
Troutbeck, who contributed the list which appears in the "History of 
Windermere Parish Church " by the present Rector, Rev. Euston J. 
Nurse, M.A. ; and whose paper, " The Advowsooi and Some of the 
Rectors of Windermere since the Reformation," is very valuable (Trans., 
<(N.S.), vol. ix, p. 41). 

1036 The Ejected of 1662 

died in 1586. William Carus of Westmorland, who 
matriculated at Merton College, Oxford, June 14, 1582,. 
at the age of 20 ; and Thomas Carus of Westmorland, who 
matriculated at Queen's College, Nov. 21, 1628, at the- 
age of 17, both subsequently graduating M.A., were- 
probably connections. 

John Lindow, 1586 — 1594. 

He was instituted Rector of " Winandermer on April 
28th, 1586, on the death of Adam Carus," the patrons 
Miles Philipson and Thomas Benson presenting. There- 
was a William Lindowe, Yicar of TJrswick, who died about 

William Sawrey, 1594—1610. 

He was the second son of Henry Sawrey of Plumpton,. 
near Ulverston, and Jane, daughter of William Carus of 
Esthwaite, sister to Adam Carus before named. The 
baptismal entry of William Sawrey in the Ulverston 
Parish Church Registers is as follows : — 
1564 September 4 William Sawraie. 

He was serving in some capacity at Gosforth in 1593,^ 
though he is said to have been instituted Yicar of Preston, 
Dec. 21, 1592, holding the living until Nov. 1603, when 
he resigned. In 1606, however, he had Halton, near 
Lancaster, conferred upon him, so that during the greater 
part of his Windermere ministry he was a Pluralist. He 
voided both livings in 1610, but whether by death or 
resignation has not been ascertained. On Dec. 20, 1609, 
letters of sequestration were granted to " Chrest. Phillip- 
son and Ludovicus Willins," Thomas Parker being 
" Curate and Clerk." - Roger Sawrey, the distinguished 
Cromwellian soldier and eminent Nonconformist, whose 
home at Broughton Tower was frequently a meeting place 

1. Vide p. 837. 

2. The Act Book (Chester Registry). Vide Histories of Preston by 
Col. Fishwick and Tom C. Smith respectively : also Baines's Lancashire 
(Croston's Ed.), vol. v, p. 320. These three writers give William 
Sawrey's father as John Sawrey, but Mr. Greorge Browne says Henry 



for Nonconformists in the days of tlieir exile and suffer- 
ing, belonged to this family. There was a William 
Sawrey at Urswiek, who was instituted there Jan. 11, 
1546-7, and held the living a little more than seven years. ^ 

Thomas Bousfield or Bowsfield, M.A., 1610 — 1627. 

He was the son of Henry Bousfield, and was admitted 
to the Merchant Taylors' School, June 23, 1563, where he 
attained the rank of head scholar. He went thence to 
Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, in 1568, and obtained one of 
Dr. Watts's Greek Scholarships there. He graduated 
B.A. 1575, and was incorporated at Oxford, May 23, 1577, 
taking his M.A. degree the same year. He was Lecturer 
in Logic at Queen's College in 1575, Principal of St. 
Edmund Hall 1581 — 1600, Canon of Sarum 1577-85, and 
1582—1621, Eector of Trottiscliffe, Kent, 1578—1621, and 
of Romney Xewchurch, Kent, 1581 — ^1621.- It will be 
noticed that these dates in part include the period during 
which he was Rector of Windermere, so that he also was 
a Pluralist on a very considerable scale. The date of his 
appointment to Windermere is given in the Parish 
Registers thus : — 

Memorandum that I Thomas Bousfeild Parson of the Rectorye of 
Windermer alias Winandermer have read the Articles of Religion and 
consented the xvth. of July 1610, being the saboth, in the audience 
of the Congregation. 

This is signed among others by Thomas Parker, clerk, and 
" Willm Dyckson " clerk, the former being the Curate 
until the time of his death Dec. 1623. It is surmised that 
for some time Bousfield had the living at Killington, near 
Sedbergh. Certainly he was resident there in 1612, his 
son being born there in that year.^ Thomas Bousfield 
died in March 1627, his Will in Somerset House was 
proved April 7th of that year. 

1. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 

2. Al. Ox. and Ath. Cant., vol. ii, p. 302. 

3. Vide p. 1093. 

1038 The Ejected of 1662 

Francis Magson, M.A., 1627. 

This is quite a new name, appearing in no previously 
printed list. He was ordained Deacon June 15, 1616, and 
instituted by "Agneta Fleming vid," the vacancy being 
caused by the death of Thomas Bousfield. Francis 
Magson was M.A. of Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 
1609, being incorporated at Oxford as M.A. 14th 
July, 1612.^ His tenure of the living was short. There 
was a Peter Magson, M.A., Master of the Hawkshead 
Grammar School, in 1585; and a person of that name, 
doubtless the same. Curate of Hawkshead in 1600, who 
died in 1616. Francis Magson, almost certainly the 
Windermere Rector, succeeded Peter Magson as Master of 
the Hawkshead Grammar School, in 1616, ^ and was 
probably a relative. Is Magson the same as Mayson of 
Crosthwaite and Ambleside ? ^ 

James Wakefield, 1627 — 1644. 

He was instituted June 6, 1627, on the Presentation of 
Christopher Philipson of Crook, and Gawin Braithwaite 
of Ambleside. He died about Sept. 1644. The Adminis- 
tration Bond, dated May 21, 1645, is as follows: — 

Bond, Alice Wakefield, widow, Thomas Mason, Minister of Amble- 
sett, and Gawen Mackereth, or any of them To pay &c unto 
Nicholas Wakefield, Chrisfr Wakefield, John Wakefield, and Ellen 
Wakefield, naturall and lawfull children of the said deceased, when 
they shall respectively accomplish the full age of Twenty one years. 

Foster gives, among his Oxford Alumni, John, Christo- 
pher and iSTicholas as students of Queen's College, doubt- 
less the three sons above mentioned. Nicholas Wakefield 
was at Hornby in 1655, and the following refers to Chris- 
topher Wakefield : — 

Chresto Wakefeild. 20 Junij 54. 

The like ordr for Chresto Wakefeild of Burton in Longsdale Com. 
Yorke upon an ordr from ye Comrs. for approbacon of 16 Junij '54 
directed to Yorke. 4 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Ibid. ; Hist, of Lane. (Croston's Ed.), vol. v, pp. 621, 622. 

3. Vide pp. 648, 1053. 

4. S. P. Dom. Inter. G. 22 (Eecord Office). 

Windermere J039 

An Inventory of James Wakefield's goods dated Oct. 
4th, 1654, appears among the Riclimond Wills. 

HiCHAED Archer, M.A., B.D., 1645—1652. 

He was the son of Edward Archer of Kendal, matricu- 
lated Queen's College, Oxford, Nov. 21, 1628, aged 18; 
was bateller in 1625; graduated B.A. July 24, 1630; M.A. 
June 27, 1633; was Fellow 1633 — 1646; and created B.D. 
Nov. 1642.^ He was instituted to the living at Winder- 
mere Feb. 12, 1644-5, on the Presentation of Gawin 
Braithwaite of Ambleside, Huddleston Philipson and 
Mary Philipson, both of Crook. In the Westmorland 
Certificate of 1646 he is referred to as " mnr. of Win- 
derme, lately Come from the University at Oxford, A 
Non-covenantr and disaffected." ^ " In 1642-3," says Mr. 
Browne, " along with eleven other fellows, he received for 
seven weeks 5s. a week in lieu of commons, owing to the 
college being broken up on the occasion of the coming 
t)f the enemy!" The Registers contain the following : — 

Richard Archer parsooa of Windermer buried the 16th. of November 
in 1652. 

The Archers were a leading Kendal family during this 
period. " Three of the name," says Mr. Browne, " were 
Mayors of the borough, viz., John Archer 1648-9; George 
Archer 1658-9; and John Archer, M.D., 1706-7." The first 
John Archer was possibly brother of Richard Archer the 
Rector; and he was father of John Archer, M.D. A 
daughter of the latter married William Nicolson, Bishop 
of Carlisle. 

William Kempe, M.A., 1653— 1657 (.^). 

This also is a new name, wrongly given as Kenyon by 
Baines. Foster has two persons of this name, who 
graduated M.A. at Magdalen College, Oxford : William 
Kempe of the County of Stafford, who matriculated May 6, 
1603, aged 16, took his B.A. June 23, 1607, and M.A. 
June 26, 1610 ; and the other, a son of William Kempe of 
Elberton, Co. Gloucester, who matriculated Oct. 30, 1635, 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 110. 

1040 The Ejected of 1662 

at the age of 16, graduated B.A. July 4, 1639, and M.A. 
April 30, 1642. One of this name, he says, was Hector of 
Easton Gray, Wilts., in 1615; and another was beneficed 
in Cornwall and Prebendary of Bristol in 1660,^ but he 
makes no attempt to identify either with the Rector of 
Windermere. The point left uncertain by Foster is made 
clear by the following, which also gives much additional 
information : — 

William Kemp born at Abbots Bromily in Staffordshire and Mr. 
of Arts of Magdalen Hall in Oxford where he was Greek Lecturer 
above fifty years agoe and Parson of Easton Gray in Wiltshire wa& 
marryed to Mary daughter'of Mr. William Yeman Vicar of St Phillips 
and one of the Prebends of BristoU, by whom he had eight sons and 
five daughters, who was buryed at Olveston in Gloucestershire. He 
was presented to the Rectory of Puddymore by Sr John Horner the 
patron thereof, and for his Loyalty to the King was plunderd,. 
Imprisond and Sequestred and his Children and Goods thrown out in 
the Streets. During the Usurpation he preach'd and practiced Physick 
at Hauxhead in Lancashire, and at Tachbrook in Warwickshire, & 
upon the King's Restauration was made one of the Prebends of Bristol! 
and restored to Puddymore, where he livd piously and peaceably 
preach'd Constantly and Learnedly and Studyed incredibly. He was 
TrepnraTetv fiecriTOV he exchanged this life on St. Barnaby's day 
and was buryed under the Communion Table the three and twentyth 
day of June 1664.- 

Reverend Sr. 

Charleton Adam. 

June ye 2d. 1708. 

This waites on you wth an account of my father and his sufferings 
under ye Usurpation of ye Commonwealth and Tyrany of ye OliveriEin 
Government William Kemp Master of Arts Greek Reader in ye 
university of Oxford, and Prebend of the Church of BristoU; was- 
presented by Sir John Horner to ye Rectory of Puddimore Miltoo in 
ye County of Somerset Anno Domini 1639. and in ye yeare 1642. wa» 
plundered and sequestred by Thomas Inglish of Puddimore and other 
Committy men for his good affection to ye Church, and loyalty to 
King Charles ye 1st was forced him his house with eleaven Children 
some of them naked to thier Shifts and Shoes, others of his Children 
were forced to gett their bread in foreign Countrys, his Ricks of 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. W^alker MSS., C. 3, fol. 406. In the same MS., fol. 139, is another 
communication copied from the Pudymore Registers agreeing in most 
particulars with this. It states that he had eight sons and five 

Windermere 1 04 1 

Come wasted or sold by the Souldiers, twenty of his large folios were 
sold by ye Sequestrators to one Glasbrook a dissenting Teacher near 
Crook-horne, one Wyate was the Intruder untill ye Restauration, who 
nere allowed him one penny for ye fifths he was forbid ye exercise of 
his Ministry teaching Schoole, amd practising Physick 
I am Sr. your most humble Servant 

Tho. Kemp. 
Now vicar of Charlton Adam Somsett. 
aetat. 88 [in later hand].' 

These are to certifye those whom it may Concerne that Wm Kemp 
Clerke Mr. of Arts & of Westmerland hath beene a very great sufferer, 
for his good Affection to the Church, and his Loyalty to the King 
and was Ordered by the powers late in being, to be secured with the 
King's party upon pretence of plotts. In Witness whereof we have 
subscribed our names the 27th day of August 1669 [the 9 looks as if 
it had been altered from 0]. 

This I veryly believe to be trewth. C. Howard. 

John Lowther Knight 
Thomas Dacre Knight of the North 
Guilfrid Lawson Knight 
William Huddleston Knignt 
Tho Sandforth 
Chresto : Dudley 
Jos. Patrickson. 
Sr. Wilts June 18. 1708. 

Please you to accept these from yor humble sert. 

Sam. Hill. 
I had 'em of Mr. Thomas Kempe of Charlton Adam Somerset. 
[Addressed] : 

To The Rd. Mr. Walker 
Rector of 
• St. Maries 
In Exeter 
Devon. 2 

There is no date to the first document nor is the name 
of the sender supplied ; but Thomas Kempe, the writer of 
the second, was William Kempe's son. The two docu- 
ments do not agree in reference to William Kempe's 
deprivations, and what truth there is in the son's statement 
that he was allowed neither the " Practic of Physick " 
nor to teach School may be inferred from his appointments 

1. W^alker MSS., C. 4, fol. 19 

2. Ihid., fol. 20. 

1042 The Ejected of 1662 

"both at Hawkshead, Grasmere and Windermere. In view 
also of his appointments in the north there is little point 
in the charge about receiving no Fifths from Pudymore. 

Walker embodies these materials in his work.^ What 
led to the advent of William Kempe to these northern 
parts does not appear ; nor is it clear how far, if at all, he 
modified his attitude so as to secure appointments, but in 
1645 he was instituted to Hawkshead according to Baines,^ 
and he appears as a member of the Ninth Classis for 
Lancashire in 1646, being styled "minister of Hauxhead." 
In the Commonwealth Survey for 1650 under Hawkshead 
it is said that " ye Minister for ye time being is Mr. 
William Kempe." ^ In 1647-8 he appears at Grasmere.^ 

Even in July 1654, he is still referred to as Minister of 
Hawkshead, the following Augmentation Order being 
evidence. The clerk has curiously blundered in the docu- 
ment having written Hawkshead for Kempe, and Kempe 
in the margin instead of Hawkshead. It is literally 
iranscribed thus : — 

Wm Kemp. 4 Aug. '54. 

The like ordr for Mr. Wm Hawkshead [Kempe] in Com. Lanr upon 
an order from ye Comrs for approbacon 6 July 54. 
Directed to Lane. 5 

If, therefore, his Institution to Grasmere previously noted 
1)6 not an error, it would appear that William Kempe held 
that living while also possessed of the living at Hawks- 
head. When he relinquished it and accepted the Win- 
dermere living he still held that of Hawkshead, at least 
for some time.*' His appointment to Windermere is given 
in the following terms : — 

1. Walker, Pt. ii, p. 289. 

2. Baines's Hist, of Lane, vol. v, p. 621. 

3. Rec. Soc., vol. i, p. 140. 

4. Vide p. 1060. 

5. S. P. Dom. Inter. G. 22 (Record Office). 

6. William Kempe's is more like a case of Pluralism under the 
•Commonwealth than anything yet met with. There are, however, too 
many doubtful elements in it to pronounce definitely. Until further 
light dawns it can only be regarded as a case for suspicion. 


1 04 3- 



William Kempe 

pres. 29 Aprill 


William Kempe 

Cert, as aforesaid 


Tho. Shaw of 
Tho. Walker of 
Roger Bateman 
Wm. Knipe. 

Know all men by these psents That the sixth 
day of June in the yeare 1654 There was exhibited 
to ye Comrs. &c. a presentation of William Kempe 
Gierke to ye Rectory of Windermere in ye Cormty 
of Westmerland made to him by Thomas Brath- 
waite Esqr. and Mary philipson widow the prones 
[patrons] thereof Together with &c. said William 
Kempe &c. approved the said William Kempe &c. 
admitt the said William Kempe to the Rectory of 
Windermere aforesaid to be full and perfect posses- 
sor and Incimibent thereof &c. In witness &c. 
Dated at Whitehall the 26th day of June 1654.' 

That he was here in 1655 is evident from the follow- 
ing, which may also furnish some clue to the cause of 
the troubles which overtook him later : — 

The xith daie of July 1655 with force and armes Wm Kempe 

at Windermer in ye Countie aforesd [Westmorland] of Winderm 

One assessmt bill for six monethes assessmt for ye Gierke 

army from Richard Dixon, deputy Constable of \&n. fac. 

undermilhecke did take and out of ye said Richard Cap. al. Sur,. 

his hands did wrest and extort and ye due from ye Travsed 18 

said Richard did deteyne and as yet doth detaine April 1656 

by reason whereof ye said Deputy Constable is 18 July 1656 

disabled to Collect ye rest of yt said assessmt for found guilty 

undermilheck to ye great retardacon of ye publique ffine xijs. 
Service to ye evill example of others and agt. ye 
publique peace.* 

At the General Sessions, April 18, 1656, " before Eobert 
Jackson, Mayor of Kendall, Thomas Brathwait and John 
Archer Esqrs. Keepers of the publiqe peace and Justices 
assizes " in reference to this Indictment we have the 
following : — 

Recogn. taken in Cort at the Sessions 
William Kempe of Windrmere Clke. xli. 
James Strickland of ye same, yeom. xli. 
Condition to presente a Trav'se at ye next.' 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 997. 

2. Kendal Indictment Book. 

3. Ibid. 

1044 The Ejected of 1662 

William Kempe's career is difl&cult to understand; for 
in 1657 his successor was presented but " could not be 
legally instituted on account of the late tyranny." Yet 
Kempe was deprived of his living, and in his Petition he 
refers to the powers then in being in terms similar to 
those usually employed by the Sequestered. It would 
seem that, while sufficiently modifying his position to 
secure Commonwealth appointments, he developed an 
attitude sufficiently antagonistic to the "powers then in 
being," to lead to his Sequestration in 1657. In 1660 he 
petitioned the House of Lords for restitution. The 
following is a copy : — 

To the Right Honble the Lords in Parliameint Assembled 
The humble Petition of Wm Kemp Clerk 
Mr. of Arts. 

That the Rectory of Windermere in the County of Westmerland 
was divers yeares Sequestred from your petitioner by the powers then 
in being without due Course of Law. 

Your petitioner humbly prayeth that a fifth part of the profitts of 
the said Rectory with the arreares thereof be forthwith payd unto 
your Petitioner and the glebes issues & profitts of the said Rectory 
secured in the hands of some Responsible persons untill the parliament 
take further Order therein or your petitioner be restored thereunto 
by due course of Law. 

And your petr. shall pray &c 

Wm Kemp Minister 
of Windermere in the 
County of Westmerland.'' 

In another hand and place : — " 23 of June 1660 Mr. Wm. 
Kemp Gierke his peticon Extd," The Petition was not 
successful, but he petitioned at the same time for his old 
living at Pudymore, and this he obtained, as well as a 
Prebendship at Bristol, where he remained until his death. 
Sir Daniel Fleming in his Book of Accounts has the three 
following entries : — 

May 22. 1659 Given unto Mr. Kempe whan hee gave mee phisik 

1. House of Lords' Library; also H.M.C., Seventh Report, Pt. i, 
p. 106. 

"Windermere 1045 

July 1. 1659 Given unto Mr. Kempe for giving phisick unto Will 

May 23. 1663 Given to Mr. Kemp for blooding me and other 
phisick 01—00—00.^ 

In the same volume are two other references to " Dr." 
Xempe in 1671 and 1672 ; and this may have been William 
Xempe's son. The second William Kempe named by 
Poster would also be the Minister's son. 

William Wilson, B.A., 1657 — 1705. 

He was the son of Thomas Wilson of Kendal, educated 
at Queen's College, Oxford, entering as bateller July 4, 
1648; matriculated jS^ov. 18, 1650; and graduated B.A. 
May 23, 1654, being incorporated at Cambridge Univer- 
sity in 1654.'^ His appointment to Windermere is given 
in the following : — 

Windermere in 

Com Westmerland. 
William Wilson CI. Admitted ye 18th day of September 1657 to ye 

R. of Windermere in the County of Westmland Upon a pres. 

exhibited the same day from Thomas Brathwait Esqr. the patron And 

Certificates from Edw. Corbett, Edm Brome of Sth. Reps. Tho. 

Hennant of Smalburgh Nath. Michiels of Edingthorpe Ri. Hobbys of 


The names of the persons supplying the Certificates are 
especially interesting, and from the fact that they all 
helong to a particular part of Norfolk it would appear that 
William Wilson had a living there for a brief time. But 
what is still more striking is that they are the names of 
prominent Nonconformist Ministers, some of whom appear 
in Calamy's list of Ejected Ministers; and the inference 
is that William Wilson's religious sympathies at this 
time were of a similar character. He was ordained 
Deacon May 12, 1659, "p. Radum Exon Epm." At the 
Restoration, however, he hastened to make his position 
secure by repudiating the authority that had placed him 
in the living, and petitioning for "regular" Institution. 

1. H.M.C. Twelfth Report, Appendix, Pt. vii, p. 367. 

2. Ibid., p. 373. 

3. Al. Ox. 

4. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 998. 

1046 The Ejected of 1662 

1660 Aug(?). 
To the King's Most Excellent Majesty 
The humble Petition of William Wilson Clerk. 

That whereas your said petitioner was in the year one thousand six 
hundred ffifty and Seaven psented to the Rectory of Wioidermere in 
the County of Westmerland by Thomas Brathwait Esqr the undoubted 
Patron thereof and hath ever since continued therein and been fully 
possessed of the same hitherto ; yet considering that through want of 
a legall Institution and Induction (which the usurped Tyranny of the 
then ptended Governours would not permit) the said Rectory may be 
lapsed and so in your Majesties Royall gift for this time, 

He therefore farther begs of your Majesty that you would be 
graciously pleased to grant him your aforesaid Petitioner (being a 
Person alwaies Loyall to yor Majesty and Episcopally ordained) your 
Royall Prsentation to the said Rectory of Windermere, what way so 
ever it shall come to be in your Majesties desposall, whether as lapsed 
through this neglect, or otherwise, and your Petitioner shall always 
pray, as in duty bounden, for the p'servatiom and prosperity of your 
Royall Person &c.' 

Doubtless local influence secured success for Ms Peti- 
tion ; lie kept the living and received Institution Sept. 3^ 
1660, on a Presentation by the King " p. lapsu." The 
Parish Registers note his marriage thus : — 

Conjugati-Gulielmus Wilson Rector et Elizabetha Sandys de Esth- 

waite tertio die Aprilis 1662. 

Under burials also we have the following : — 

Three sons of William Wilson parson of Windermer whereof Williami 
was baptized all buried the same day : [Nov. 2] 1663. 
He appeared and exhibited as Rector at the Bishop's 
Yisitation July 2, 1674, with Tho. Wells as " Ludimgr." 
His death took place in 1705, at the age of 75 years, and 
he was buried in the Chancel of the Church. He had 
two sons, twins, William and Edwin or Edward, both 
graduates of Queen's College, Oxford.'- A daughter also^ 
Dorothy, was baptized Jan. 6, 1662-3. 

William Bartoj^, 1705—1718/19. 

He was instituted July 3, 1705, being succeeded by 
William Crosby, M.A., who also had the Kendal living. ^ 

1. S. P. Dom., Car. ii, vol. 12, fol. 139. 

2. Foster's Ai. Ox. See Besse's "Sufferings of the Quakers," vol. ii.,. 
p. 23, for William Wilson's trouble with Quakers. 

3. Vide p. 956. 


This is a straggling but picturesque village some four 
miles north of Windermere. The Church was consecrated 
by William Downham, Bishop of Chester, July 18th, 
1562, and again on April 30th, 1563, by Matthew Parker, 
Archbishop of Canterbury. Its dedication is to " Jesus," 
and the Registers begin in 1579. They are only in fair 
condition, the earlier ones from 1579 to 1626 being all 
mixed together. These are a little worn in places and 
also torn. Up to March 1627-8, they are complete, but 
from that date to March 1633, they are wanting. 

Christenings: — From 1633 to March 1651-2, complete, 
wanting from 1651 to 1656; and, with the exception of 
one in 1661, from 1656 to 1662 all are wanting. After 
that date they are complete. 

Burials :— From 1633 to March 1651-2, complete; 1651-2 
to 1667 several breaks, afterwards complete. 

Marriages: — From 1633 to 1650 half page cut away; 
from end of 1651 to beginning of 1662 wanting ; but from 
that date to 1707 no breaks. From 1707 to 1761 several 
defects; but afterwards complete. 

Nicolson and Burn make only a brief reference to 
Troutbeck Church ; and Whellan begins his list of Incum- 
bents in 1750, giving 1585, a wrong date, for the Regis- 
ters. The following list is largely based upon informa- 
tion supplied by Mr. George Browne of Troutbeck : — 

John Dixon, 1554. 

He was here at the Bishop of Chester's Visitation to 
Windermere in that year; and was still here in 1569, 
when he wrote the Inventory of John Rawson's goods 
March 28, 1569. 

Edmund Tatham, 1583. 

He wrote the Inventory of the goods of Wm. Longmire, 
late of " Applethwatt," Jan. 16, 1583, and along with others 

1048 The Ejected of 1662 

signed a petition to the Bishop of Chester respecting the 
Consecration of Staveley Church in 1588. 

Richard Peaeson, 1596 — ^March 1633. 

Among the papers belonging to the Church is a letter 
to him from Thomas Bousfield of Windermere respecting 
an excommunicated person : — 

October the xxiijth. 1622. 

Sir Richard wth my Comendation unto you &c. these are to certifie 
you that whereas I am enjoined by Authoite from my lord of Chester 
to absolve the bearer Adam Birkett from the sentence of excom'unica- 
tion, wch I have done accordingly, the day and yeare above written, 
wherefore upon this certificate I require yourself and the church 
wardens to Receive him into the Church and Congregation, so wth my 
best wishes & Respts 

Your loving friend 
Windermer Octobr. Thomas Bowsfeild.' 

the 23. 1622. 

William Robinson, 1633— 1644 (?). 

He began a new Register Book on March 25, 1633, and 
probably resigned March 25, 1644, up to which date his 
salary was paid. Various occasional Ministers occupied 
the next two years. 

Christopher Rawlings, 1646 — 1650. 

His salary was paid from March 25th of the first date 
unto St. Peter's Day, June 29th, of the second date. 

Francis Bainbridge, 1650 — 1656. 

In the Windermere Registers, among Christenings at 
Troutbeck, in 1654, appears the following : — 

John sonn of Mr. ffrancis Bainbridge borne the 27th of November 
1654 [no date of baptism given]. 

Richard Sibson, 1656—1659. 

He died in 1660, and the making of his grave cost 6d. 
which was paid out of the Church funds. Foster names 
a Richard Sibson, who matriculated at Queen's College, 
Oxford, Jan. 17, 1582-3, aged 17, and graduated M.A. 
1589, was Rector of Bowness, Cumberland, in 1598, and 

1. The Advowson, &c., p. 46. 

Troutbeck 1049 

Canon of Carlisle in 1603;^ but whether he was a connec 
tion does not appear. 

Dudley Walker, 1663—1694. 

After the death of Richard Sibson, various Ministers 
officiated for some time, and Dudley Walker was paid for 
acting as Reader. In 1664 he is referred to as " our 
Deacon," and paid full stipend, and the following year he 
appears as " our Curate." He was ordained Deacon by 
George of Chester Sept. 20, 1663; Priest by the same 
Sept. 20, 1664; licensed to serve the Cure at Troutbeck 
Sept. 21, 1663; subscribed the declaration Sept. 26, 1664; 
and his License as " Ludimagister infra banc Cap." was 
accepted by the Archbishop of York, Oct. 20, 1662. At 
the Bishop's Visitation July 2, 1674, he " appeared and 
exhibited " both as Curate and Schoolmaster. After this 
entry in the Visitation Book the Clerk adds : — 

My Ld Bp went fiom hence to the Bp of Carlile to Rose Castle and 
came to Richmond on the Tuesday night following. 2 

Walker held the living until 1694, when he resigned. The 
Grasmere Registers give his name as Curate there in 1713. 
He died in 1725 being buried Dec. 17 of that year. Henry 
Walker, son of Dudley Walker of Grasmere, entered St. 
John's College, Cambridge, in 1703, at the age of 21 years. 

John Griesdale, 1694 — 1722. 

He was appointed on Nov. 18, 1694, and retained the 
living until his death in 1722, being buried June 18th of 
that year. A person of this name, being " literatus," was 
ordained Priest March 16, 1678-9. 

William Langhorn, 1722 — 1735. 

He was appointed Aug. 12th, 1722, and resigned for the 
Curacy of Crosthwaite, near Kendal, in 1735. 

Christopher Atkinson, 1735. 

There was a person of this name, son of Miles Atkinson 
of Windermere, who matriculated at Queen's College, 
Oxford, May 3, 1732, aged 19, graduating B.A. Feb. 25, 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. The Visitation Book (Chester Registry). 


The Ejected of 1662 

1735-6, and subsequently became Vicar of Thorp Arch, 
Yorks. Possibly he is to be identified with the Troutbeck 

William Thompson, 1738—1783. 

J. Martin, 1783. 

He was appointed on the death of Thompson. 

There appears to have been no displacement of any kind 
during the Commonwealth period, or at the time of the 
Restoration. Troutbeck was simply a Chapel of Ease to 
the mother Church at Windermere ; and the persons whose 
names have been given served as " Curates." 


As Troutbeck was a Chapel of Ease to Windermere 
served by Curates, so was Ambleside to Grasmere; and it 
was served in the same way. Here also the County 
Histories are almost valueless for our purpose ; and no 
displacement of men appears to have occurred, though 
the Braithwaites and Flemings, principal families in the 
district and closely related, took somewhat opposite sides 
in the religious controversies of the 17th Century. There 
are, however, two things of peculiar interest about Amble- 
side Chapel ; both indeed almost unique, by whose guidance 
we are able to present a tolerably complete list of men, 
who served this place during the period in question. 
First there are the Registers, which are exceedingly 
curious. They begin with baptisms in 1642, and consist 
.of three long narrow rolls which end with the date 1753. 
" They were written on oblong pieces of parchment," says 
Miss Armitt, " 15 inches by 4| ; and when each piece was 
filled, with the baptisms on one side, and burials and 
marriages on another — the burials of a whole year being 
sometimes contained in this small space — another of the 
same size was well stitched to the lower edge and the 
record proceeded. Thus a long, ribbon-like roll was 
formed; and when this became bulky, another was started. 
There are three of these rolls, that uncoil respectively to 
the bewildering length of 7^, 7, and 12 yards. In the 
last roll the stitched pieces, still only 4| inches in width, 
are 24 inches long." ^ The writing is very minute, but 
it is neat and clear, though in places the ink has faded 
or got rubbed off. 

The other thing is " The Curates' Bible," which is kept 
locked in a case in the Church. "After being lost from 
the Parish for probably nearly 200 years," says the 
inscription written in July 1906, " it was purchased by 
nine residents in the District and presented to the Yicar 

1. Ambleside Town and Chapel, p. 44. 

1052 The Ejected of 1662 

and Clmrchwardens of Ambleside, to be held in trust for 
ever for the Parishioners." " It is a copy of the first 
edition of King James' Bible, known as the 'Authorized 
Version,' " says Mr, Cooper, one of the donors, "and printed 
in 1611 by Eobert Barker, printer to the King. Of this 
edition there were three issues in 1611, varying in minor 
points, and the Ambleside Bible is a copy of the first, 
known as the great ' He ' Bible, because in the last line 
of Buth iii, 15, the text reads ' and he went into the 
citie,' whereas in the second, and nearly all subsequent 
issues (including the present text) the wording is * and 
she went into the citie (or city).' The curious thing is 
that ' He ' is the proper translation of the Hebrew . . . 
It is a big folio, measuring 18 inches long by 12 inches 
wide. The binding is the original wood, covered with 
leather (rebacked), but with brass plate and bosses. The 
clasps themselves are gone." ^ Its value for local pur- 
poses lies in the marginal notes, which appear in various 
places, in the shape of the names, of the Curates who 
served, with occasionally a moral reflection. Three lists 
of these Curates are supplied, the first of which is as 
follows — : 






The other two in the handwriting of Thomas Knott are 
identical, and read thus : — 

Mr. Mason 




Th waits 



1. "The Ambleside Curates' Bible," by H. S. Cowper, F.S.A. Trana. 
(N.S.), vol. vii, pp. 143, 147. 

Ambleside 105 3 

The second list errs in placing Mayson before Bell; and 
the first is less complete than the second. Using both 
these lists as guides, and what other help is available, we 
get the following : — 

John Bell, 1585— 1629 (?). 

He was the first to use the Bible named, and " was in 
the habit of writing in it from time to time in a very neat 
hand his name, age, and the number of years he had 
served his cure; and frequently he added a motto or 
maxim, sometimes in English, but more often in Latin. 
In all there are seventeen of these gra^ti. The earliest 
dated one is 1612, and the latest 1629, when he had served 
44 years." ^ The following is a specimen: — 

Johannes Bell hujus tenens 1613 Curatus de Ambleside aetatis sui 
circum 60 annos ubi servient viginti octo annos mea cura vacat me et 
tua te virtus post funera. 

John Bell was a many sided man, and, at least, one 
interesting tradition is associated with his name. Nicol- 
son and Burn, in their account of Rydal, say : — 

In the highway at the end of the old orchard, was a causway, which 
was charitably made by John Bell, curate and schoolmaster of Amble- 
side : every Thursday and Saturday in the afternoon causing his 
scholars to gather stones for the paving thereof, and he did then pave 
the same himself.* 

In John Fleming's deed, dated 1617, three men of Rydal 
witness, one being John Bell " curate " ; and recently the 
conjecture has been hazarded that his name is preserved 
in the Fell, known as "John Bell's Banner," east of Kirk- 
stone Pass, " banner " being probably a corrupt form of 
the word " bounder " or " boundary." 3 

Thomas Mayson, Magson or Mason, 1645. 

In that year he is named in widow Wakefield's Bond. 
It is possible that he was related to Francis Magson of 

1. The Ambleside Curates' Bible, p. 144. 

2. Nicolson and Bum, vol. i, p. 174. 

3. Ambleside &c., p. 61 ; also The Ambleside Curates' Bible, p. 145. 

I054 The Ejected of 1662 

"Windermere. ^ Tlie following notice of his burial appears 
in the Windermere Registers : — 

1647 Thomas Magson Minister of Ambleside buried ye 9th. day 
November 1647. 

Henry Turker, 1647/8—1668. 

He was ordained Deacon Dec, 23, 1638, and is referred 
to as of the Diocese of Chester. A person of this name, 
M.A., was ordained Deacon and Priest Sept. 20, 1665, 
" Cest. Dio." ^ In the Ambleside Registers appear the 
following Turner entries : — 

Henricus filius Henrici Turner Clerici Baptizatus vicesimo quarto die 
ffebruarij 1647. 

Dorothea filia Henrici Turnr. Clerici Baptizat. 12th. Maij anno 
prdicto — 1654. 

Eicus filius Henrici Tumr Cler. nat. 5th. & bapt. 7 die Septembris 

Arthuris filius Henrici Turner baptiz. 5th Die Septembris Ano Dni. 

Jane the Daughter of Henry Turnr. bapt. ye 11 day of October 1660. 

Ellen the daughter of Henrici Turner baptized the 28th of Januarie 

Agnes the daughr. of Henry Turmr bapt. the 19th of March 1664. 

Samuell filius Henrici Turner bapt. Septimo die Aprilis anoq. Domi. 

Buriall — Jane ye Daughter of Henry Turner, Gierke buried the 21st. 
of May 1668. [Windermere Registers.] 

In the Curates' Bible the signature in the margin is 
not " H." but " T. Turner," but it is necessary to say that 
the ink of the name is fresher than that of the other 
writing. Possibly the name has been added by a later 
hand, and " T " wrongly written for " H." It is, however, 
curious that neither Miss Armitt nor Mr. Cowper notices ^ 
this fact in their contributions on "the Curates' Bible." 
Henry Turner died in 1668-9, his burial entry in the 
Windermere Parish Registers being as follows : — 

Henry Turner Minister of Ambleside, buried the third day of 
January 1668-9. 

1. Vide p. 1038. 

2. Episcopal Register. 

3. Thomas Turner was ejected from Torpenhow, vide p. 581. 

Ambleside 1055 

According to the Ambleside Registers " Elizabeth Turner, 
widdow was buried the 24th day of August 1691." It 
will be noticed that Henry Turner's ministry was con- 
tinued through the changes which the Restoration 
wrought. The John Wallace episode, when Henry Turner 
went to preach at Grasmere is related under Grasmere.^ 

John Pearsox, 1669 . 

Some friction took place in 1669 between Robert 
Braithwaite and Daniel Fleming in reference to the 
appointment of a Minister, which led the latter to appeal 
to the Archbishop of York on behalf of John Pearson, 
whom he sent to York with his letter. The writer prays 
that the bearer may be "ordained deacon, licensed to read 
prayers in Ambleside chapel (which has a stipend of 
about £12) and to teach the young children of the place : 
and this he asks on behalf of himself, patron of Grasmere, 
Mr. John Ambrose, incumbent and almost all the inhabi- 
tants of Ambleside." He is certain that John Pearson 
" will read ye Com'on prayer punchually according to ye 
Rubricks & catechise ye young ones in ye Towne, wh. I 
presume will be much better than to have some Geneva- 
Blade brought in upon them."^ The appeal was success- 
ful and John Pearson was ordained Deacon June 14, 1669, 
Priest on Sept. 21 following, and licensed to serve the 
Cure on the same day. He appeared and exhibited as 
Curate at the Bishop's Visitation July 2, 1674. The 
Registers give the baptisms of the following children : — 
Susanna on May 18, 1675;^ Dorothy, Sept. 12, 1678; and 
Jane, March 7, 1679-80. 

— Thwaites, 1680—1682 (?). 

This name appears in the three lists though little is 
known of the person to whom it belongs. In Sir Daniel 
Fleming's Account Book it several times occurs, but 

1. Vide p. 1062. 

2. Ambleside &c., p. 46. 

3. This also appears in the Grasmere Begisters. 

1056 The Ejected of 1662 

Thwaites appears there more as Schoolmaster than 

preacher. Under date Jan. 26, 1680-81, is the following : 

Sent by George to give Mr. Thwaites at Ambleside for entering 

Pennis for himself, Michael, Rich, and Roger my sons OOli OSs OOd. 

July 26th. Paid unto Mr. Thwaits for my 4 Boyes for half a yearea 

teaching (with ye 10s Alice paid him) ye Sum of Olli 00s. OOd. 

October 20 1685. Given at Ambleside Chapell to a Collection for 
Mr. Thwaits OOli 05s OOd.' 

By this time Thwaites had been relieved of, at least, 
his duties as Curate, for his successor had been appointed 
two years before. 

Richard Wright, 1682—1686. 

In the Curates' Bible are the following entries : — 
29 March anno Doi. 1682, officu Diaconi suscepit Ri : Wright. 
Richard Wright March ye 29. 82. 

Roger Fleming, 1686— 1694 (?). 

He was Sir Daniel Fleming's son, and his baptism in 
the Grasmere Registers is thus recorded : — 

March 16. 1670/1 ye Chres of Roger ffleming Sonine of Daniell 

ffleming of Ridal Esquire. 

He was ordained Deacon '* p. John of Cest." August 
20, 1682; admission to Curacy was granted August 27, 
1686; and he obtained a faculty to teach boys "Anglice 
infra parish of Grasmere " September 4, 1684. In the 
Bible referred to he merely signs " Rogerus ffleming " 
without date. Miss Armitt gives the following from the 
Rydal Hall MSS. : — 

1688 'Roger Fleming Minister of Ambleside' has one Cow to grass 
'in the Lowhow by the week, at 6d in the week, 3 weeks Is 6d.' 

1695. ' Mr. Roger Fleming's Widow late of Ambleside' puts a hiefer 
to grass in Rydal. ^ 

In the Ambleside Registers the following entries will 
be found : — 

Johannes filius Rogerus ffleming Bapt. fuit vicessimo Octavo die 
mensis Decembris 1686. 

Thomas son of Roger Ffleming was Bapt. ye 6th. of September 1688. 

He was subsequently at Brigham. ^ 

1. Ambleside &c., 49-50. 

2. Ibid., p. 60. 

3. Vide p. 757. 

Ambleside 1057 

Thomas Knott, 1694—1744. 

He was previously Schoolmaster at Grasmere as the 
following at the beginning of the Grasmere Registers 
attests : — 

Tho Knott Ludimagister et Clericus Grameriensis April the 3. 1687. 

He was ordained Deacon Sept, 24, 1693, by Nicholas of 
Chester, licensed to serve as Curate of Grasmere Sept. 23, 
1693, and of Ambleside Sept. 11, 1694; but the Registers 
give the following : — 

Elizabeth Daughter of George Kelsick was bapt. ye 6th day of 
August 1694. 

Tho. Knott Clericus. 

He was probably one of the Knotts of Grasmere. The 
following letter to the Rector of Grasmere, Dr. Fleming, 
who being a Pluralist, had his residence at Asby, near 
Kirkby Stephen, is worth inserting, because of the light 
which it throws upon matters at the Ambleside School 
and Chapel at that time : — 

Ambleside Jan : ye 24th day 1723. 
Rev. Dr. 

Yours I received for wch I thank you and I send the enclosed as 
directed. Jno. Kelsick's will, you may be sure was made both hastily 
aod without much advice or consideration, for he liv'd but about four 
days after he begun. He was not to be advised but what his 
inclination and will led him too. When I found I could not have the 
advantage of the Scheie I was troubled tho' he and I were very 
gracious, yet when he prov'd so adverse after I had considered that it 
would quitt me of a great deal of Slavery wch I have been confined 
too these many years without any great gain or satisfaction I was 
rather satisfied and thought pity to slip so good an opporunity it may 
do good to some. It will be no great loss to ye minister for 6d per 
quarter will not amount to much yearly. He was for having the 
Schole built upon his own ground below the bridge yet he was 
persuaded to let us build itt as near the Chapel as we could. Those 
that live may see the Church and Schole Joyned together wch will 
make a good place tho' not in my time I shall have nothing by itt but 
trouble. The Schole will be worth, I believe, 201b per Annum after 
his Debts, Legacies and Funeral Expences are paid wch will amount 
to 4001b and upwards. I have here inclosed sent you a Copy of that 
part of his Will, it is very long there are severall small Legacies giveai 
to his relations but if you have a mind to have a Copy of the whole 
will, you shall have itt when you come over. I desire you to consider 

1058 The Ejected of 1662 

of itt and to let us have your Advice and Assistance in the managemt 
of the great Trust for the publick Good and credit of the Donor and 
I do not question but the Chapel Salary be advanced considerably 
after a little time, we have some good men yet. Pray, wink att small 
faults and let us have a kind Answer the next opportunity which will 
be a great Encouragemt to us in the managemt of itt. My humble 
Service to you and yours. I am 
Eevd Dr. 

Your humble Servant 

Tho : Knott 
Not one person knew anything of his will but I till after his death. 
The Revd Dr. Fleming att 
the Parsonage in Ashby 
this carefully & with speed 
Westmoreland. ^ 

Thomas Knott died in 1744, his widow surviving him 
only a few weeks. The following are the entries in the 
Registers : — 

Revd. Mr. Knott Ministr. of Ambleside buried December the 20th 

Jane widow of the Revd. Mr. Knott was buried the 4th. of 
February 1744-5. 

I. Ambleside &c., p. 53. 


The Church here is dedicated to St, Oswald; and the 
Eegisters, which are of parchment, begin in 1570. The 
first page is quite faded and the earliest decipherable date 
is Aug. 1571. On the same page appears 1572, a little 
lower down, and preceding several entries in 1571. In 
1885 the first page was treated by an expert from the 
British Museum and a copy taken. It gives March 1570-1 
as the first decipherable date with several entries before, 
so that it is safe to assume that the Eegisters begin in 
1570. The writing is neat and there are few breaks. 
This volume extends to 1682. The second volume is from 
1687 — 1713. The following is a list of Incumbents, the 
County Histories again being of little use in the matter : 

John Wilson, 1590—1627. 

He was certainly here at the earlier date for the Eegis- 
ters give : — 

Februarie 1590-1. The Chris, of hellen Wilson da. of John Wilson 
of Gresm. Cler. 

In connection with the allotment of seats in Ambleside 
Chapel by the Commission appointed for the purpose, in 
the year 1620, John Wilson signed for Grasmere as Thos. 
Bousfield did for Windermere.^ He died in 1627, and the 
Eegisters thus record his burial : — 

May 13. 1627 The buriall of John Willson Gierke of Gresmire. 

EoBERT Fogg, M.A., 1627. 

The Act Book states that he was admitted and instituted 
['July 26, 1627, and again on July 31, the vacancy being 
caused by the death of the last Incumbent and the Pre- 
sentation made by the King. He had previously been at 
Moresby, and held the Grasmere living only a few months. 
It is stated that he was deprived, but he was nominated to 
" Ecclestien in the Leyland Deanery on Nov. 9, 1627." 
On the 9th of Aug., 1641, he was nominated to Hoole, near 

1. Ambleside, &c., p. 41. 

io6o The Ejected of 1662 

Preston, ^ and was probably the person said, by Calamy, 
to have been ejected from Bangor, ^ 

Henry Wilson, B.A., 1628—1647. 

He appears to have disputed with Hobert Fogg for the 
Grasmere living, and, local influence being on his side, he 
met with success. Hence he was instituted May 24, 1628, 
on a Presentation by "Agneta ffleming de Pydall " the 
vacancy being caused by the " lawful deprivation of 
Robert Fogg." His marriage is noted in the Registers 
thus : — 

The marriage of Henry Willson Cler. & Jane his wife was the 

13th of November 1627. 

The following references to his children also appear in 
them : — 

March 18. 1628/9 The Chr. of Willm Wilson son of Henry of 
Grasmire Clerk. 

October 8. 1631 The Christ, of Jane Wilson Daughter of Heoir. 
Clerk of Grasmire. 

June 6. 1633 Christ, of Henrie Wilson son of Henrie of Gresmire 

25 July. 1641/2 The buriall of Anthony Willson son of Henry 
Willson Cler. 

In the Westmorland Certificate for 1646 Henry Wilson 
is referred to as " Minr of Gressmr a notorious malignt. 
and articled agt. at Parlt."^ He died shortly after this, 
his burial entry in the Registers reading thus : — 

26 May 1647 the buryall of Henery Willson Clerk of Gresmyre. 

Possibly he was related to John Wilson, his predecessor. 

William Kempe, M.A., 1647-8. 

His Institution is notified in the following : — 

January 7. 1647-8. Ordered That Dr. Aylett give Institution and 
Induction unto Wm. Kempe, Clerk, Master of Arts into the Rectory 
of Gersmore in Com. Westmland, void by Death of the last Incum- 
bent : Salvo &c. Presentation under Great Seal. 4 

A full account of him appears under Windermere.^ 

1. Act Book (Chester Registry). 

2. Vide p. 805. 

3. Vide p. 110. 

4. L. J., vol. ix, p. 643. 

5. Vide p. 1039. 



John Wallace, M.A., 1653. 

The following document contains a notice of his appoint- 
ment, and it will be observed that the name is given as 
Wallace : — 

Gresmer Recory 
John Wallace 
pres. 28. July 

Jo. Wallace cert, 
as aforesaid by 
James Cock of 
K. Kendall 
Tho. Walker of 

Greo. ffothergill of 

Bicbard Tatbam 
of Heversham 
John Archer 
Roger Bateman 
Edw. Briggs 
John Smythe of 
Kerbe Lonsdale 
Hen. Asbbome 
of Middleton. 

Know all &c. the 21st. day of Aprill in the yeare 
1654 There was exhibited &c. John Wallace Gierke 
Mr. of Arts to ye Rectory of Gresmer in the County 
of Westmorland Made to him by the Keepers of the 
Liberty of England by Authority of parliamt the 
patrons thereof Together &c. the said John Wallace 
of his holy &c. approved the said John Wallace &c. 
doe admit the said John Wallace to the Rectory of 
Gresmer aforesaide &c. Incimibent [In witnes &c. 
This passage is deleted.] Dated at Whitehall the 
21st. day of June 1654.' 

He took the Engagement March 28, 1650. 

Precisely the length of his stay at Grasmere is not clear, 
but the following letter throws some light upon the 
matter. " John Banks " was the " faithful servant and 
factotum of young Squire Daniel Fleming, who had just 
wrested from the Commonwealth and his relatives the 
long disputed ownership of Rydal Hall, and had now sent 
his servant forward to put matters a little straight before 
his own home-coming." "^ The cousin Braithwaite referred 
to was one of the Braithwaites of Ambleside Hall, whose 
sympathies were strongly Puritan. The letter is among 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 997. 

2. Ambleside Town and Chapel, by Miss Mary L. Armitt, p. 45. 

io62 The Ejected of 1662 

the MSS. of Rydal Hall and is copied here from Miss 
Armitt's paper : — 

Honoured Sir 
I praise God I got saffe to Rydale wth the oxen on Saturday at 
night where I was fforced to staye all night it was see late I 
acquainted the P'ishors that you had sent them word to get a Minister 
every Lord's daye till such tyme as you presented one, and that they 
might paye them out off the tythes, but none would meddle unless I 
would goe to the Church and appear wth them soe I was fforced either 
to neglect it or send to Mr. Turner off Amblesyd to procure him to goe 
to preach wch I did And he went to your Cousin Brathwhait to aske 
his advice and leave that he might goe, Soe he gave him leave and 
adviced him to goe, soe he came to Rydale and I went along with him 
But Wallas seeing us cum almost at the Church went quite away to 
Langdale Chappie whether he intended to goe beffore or noe I knowe 
not. But he lefft the Clarke to oppose us who would not suffer Mr. 
Turner to read in the usuall place Soe I wished Mr. Turner to goe 
into the pulpit and officiate But the Clarke begun to read a Chapter 
and I bid him give over but he would not, Soe I shutt the booke 
soe Mr. Turner read a Chappter and sung a psalme and begune to 
preach and when the sermon was done I spoke to some off the 
P'ishoners to procure every Lord's Daye a Minister and pay them off 
theire tithes. 

Conyston this 11 Feb. 1655. 

Your obedient Servant 
John Bankes. 
Squire Fleming was the Sir Daniel Fleming of later years, 
of strong Royalist proclivities, who wielded so vigorously 
against Nonconformists of all types the repressive legisla- 
tion which was enacted during these years; and already 
it would appear that he was beginning to make his 
influence felt in that direction. Clearly there was a 
determination to replace John Wallace, for what cause is 
not certain ; but his removal was effected shortly after- 
wards ; for the two Thompsons, father and son, successively 
appear at Grasmere by 1657. In Daniel Fleming's 
Accounts, under date May 24, 1654, appears the following 
which doubtless has reference to the position of Wallace : 

for ye Pareshioners of Gresmire their Caveat 00 — 01 — 00. 
Under June 27th of the same year we also read : — 

for a Cop. of ye Refferees names concerning Wallas 00 — 01 — 06. 

Dr. Magrath ^ suggests that this may have been James 
1. The Flemings in Oxford, pp. 77, 79. 



Wallas of Knaredale, a Petitioner for Compoundiug 
between 1652 and 1654; but it almost certainly refers to 
the Grasmere Minister. 

Calamy speaks about the " scandalous " conduct of 
Wallace, and the proceedings of the County Sessions for 
that period throw some light upon the matter : — 

Sessions Oct. 5. 1655 at Kendall. 
The Last daie of July 1655 wth force and armes at 
Gressmire aforesaid in and upon Clara Barwis of 
Loughrigg in ye said County Spinst. being a virgin 
of ye age of 22 by yeares then and there &c. an 
Assault did make and ye said Clara to ravish did 
attempt &c. 

The 30th daie of August 1655 at Gressm in ye 
said Countie wth force and armes in and upon 
John Hird &c an Assault &c. and him did 
beat &c. 

John Wallas 
of Gressmr 
Ven. fac 
Jur. 11 Janrj 
found not 

John Wallas 
of Gressmr 
Ven. fac. 
Jur. 11 Jan. 
found guilty 
fined Xijd. 

Recogn taken in Court at this Sessions. 
Traversed John Wallas of Gressmire Clerke xxli. 

General Sessions 

January 11, 1655 — 6 


The last day of July 1655 at Grsmr in ye said 
County ye detestable sinne of fornication with 
John Wallas Clarke did Coniitt to ye Great dishonor 
of God evill example of others agt ye Statute &c. 

Clara Barwis 
of Loughrigg 
for three 
John Hird 
of Gressmr 

ven. fac' 

The xxxth daie August 1655 wth force and armes 
at Gressmr aforesaid in ye said County in and upon 
John Wallas Clerke there &c. an assault &c. and 
him did beate &c. agt. ye publique peace &c. 

It is not easy to say exactly what happened to Wallace, 
but it would seem that the more serious charge of the 
two broke down, though the case against him in 
)ther respects is strong. He lost his living at 

1. The Kendal Indictment Book. 

1064 The Ejected of 1662 

Grasmere; but there is nothing to show that it was on 
this account ; and he became Vicar of Heversham in 1658, 
in the account of which place further information respect- 
ing him will be found. ^ The Registers name a Thomas 
Wilson as " Clarke " at " Gressmere " in 1655 ; but unless 
he was acting as Curate there seems no opening for him. 

John Thompson, 1656 ( ?) . 

It is extremely difficult to read correctly the course of 
events at Grasmere Church during these years, and to fix 
accurately the ecclesiastical character of the men who 
served. This is largely due to the Fleming influence, 
which was all powerful in the district, Daniel Fleming, 
its chief representative, being strongly Royalist. He was 
Patron of the living, and, as far as possible, he would 
endeavour to secure appointments in harmony with his 
principles. John Thompson is given by Walker in his 
list of Sequestered Clergy;- and sequestered he un- 
doubtedly was, though for what reason does not appear. 
Doubtless he is the person referred to in the following : — 

Dec. 4. 1656. 

Spent at Penrith when Mr. Thompson appeared there to showe unto 

the Commissioners by what title he officied att Gresmer 00 : 01 : 06. 3 

John Thompson, 1657. 

He is called John Thompson, " Junior," to distinguish 

him from his predecessor, who is named " Senior " by 

Walker and others. His appointment is given in the 

following : — 
Gresmire in 
Com. Westmorland. 

John Thompson the younger CI. admitted the 24th day of March 
1657 to ye Sequestration of the Rectory of Gresmire void by the ejection 
of John Thompson ye elder Upon a Nomination from Daniel fileming 
Esqr. the patron And Certificates from Hen. Wilkinson Chr. Newell I 
Jos. PuUen Wn Davenant Rob. Jenner Jo. Williams Jos. Batemanj 
Sam. Jemmatt Tho. Gilliner Will Tatem Nic. Proffet Narcissus] 

1. Vide p. 976. 

2. Walker, Pt. ii,"p. 384. 

3. The Fleming MSS. H. M. C. Twelfth Report Appendix, Pt. vii 
p. 364. 

4. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 998. 

Grasmere 1065 

It is clear that John Thompson, " younger,' was after 
Daniel Fleming"s mind, and that at the Restoration he 
had no difficulty in accepting the new order of things. 
A disturbance in Langdale Chapel, when he was reading 
the Book of Common Prayer, led to the conviction of 
William Wilson, the offender, as the following shows : — 
Quinto die October in the reign of Charles duodecimo. [1660]. 

fforasmuch as Wm. Willson of Langdale yeoman hath beene this day 
indicted for disquietinge abuseinge and disturbinge John Thompson 
Clerk vicar of Gressmire in readiiige ye booke of Comon prayer or 
Service of ye Church and in his Collacon or preachinge at Langdale 
Chappell in this Countye ye xxvith. of September last past beinge ye 
Lord's day And ye said Willim Willson beinge prent in Court and 
beinge demanded whether he would traerse ye said Indictmt or submit 
and put himselfe into ye Justice of ye Court touchinge ye said 
Trespasse but denieinge and refuseinge to doe either It was thought fit 
By the Court yt ye oath of Allegiance should be tendered unto him 
and forasmuch as he refused to take ye same It is therefore ordered 
that the said Wm. Willson shalbe Comitted to the Comon Gaole of 
the Countye there to remaine untill he pay 100 mks to his Mat's use 
wch if he faill to pay wthin 6 weekes after his said Conviction then 
he is to stand comitted for 6 moneths next followinge and to appeare 
at the next Sessions for ye refuseinge of the said oath of Allegiance 
to know ye further pleasure of ye Court. 
Obligat ad bon. port.' 

John Ambrose, B.D., 1660 (?)— 1684. 

He was the sixth son of John Ambrose of Lowick, his 
mother being Dorothy, daughter of William Fleming of 
Rydal Hall. He received his early education at Sedbergh 
Grammar School, going thence to St. John's College, 
Cambridge, where he became Fellow in 1629. ^ Walker 
says that he was sequestered from Grasmere, but the 
evidence for this is not forthcoming. The following 
letter refers to a Petition he wished to present to the 
Secretary of State, but for what purpose is not stated : — 


The Genl that psents this to you is one that I know to be a 
very honest man and a Loyall subject. He hath both done and 

1. Kendal Indictment Book. 

2. Sedbergh School Regist-er, p. 70. 

io66 The Ejected of 1662 

suffered much in the late unhappy troubles, and before He desires 
to psent a petn to Mr. Secretary to mynd him of a thing which I 
feare length of time and multiplicity of business may have made him 
forget. If it lyes in yor power either to direct or assist him in it 
I prsume you will doe it for his Country sake and some Relatives 
he hath that are well knowne to you ; otherwise I had not 
with so much confidence interposed in yor weighty affaires. For 
which I crave pardon, I am Sr yor very humble Servt 

Jo. Barwick. 
Nov. 15. 61. 

These for my much honord friend Francis Williami^on Esqr at Court. ' 
[End.] Nov. 16. 1661. 
Fr. Barwick Com. 

Mr. Ambrose. 

In an Inquisition held in 1663, John Ambrose appears 
as plaintiff and Robt. Braithwaite, Christ. Nicholson, 
Thos. Benson and John Benson as defendants, the matter 
in disjDute being the " Rectory and parish of Grasmyre. 
Tithes." 2 In 1671 John Ambrose of " Lowick Parson of 
Grassemoor " appears as " one of the Supervisors of the 
Will of Agnes Dudley of Yanwath." Writing to the 
Archbishop of York in 1669 for the appointment of 
John Pearson to Ambleside Chapel, Daniel Fleming 
says that he does so for John Ambrose, Incumbent 
of the mother Church at Grasmere, as well as for 
himself. Again in 1674, in his letter to the Bishop 
objecting to the request of the Ambleside people for their 
Chapel to be made parochial, he says that he is writing 
in the " absence of Mr. John Ambrose, Rector, now in 
residence at St. John's, Cambridge, as Fellow." ^ In Sir 
Daniel Fleming's Account Book is the following : — 
1659-60 Jan. 26. Lost att Tables unto Parson Anib. 00 : 01 : 00.4 

There are also several references to "cosine Ambrose," and 
John Ambrose of Lowick, doubtless the same individual. 
He was Lord of the Manor of Lowick as well as Rector of 
Grasmere, and in all probability his duties in the latter 
capacity were discharged frequently by a substitute. He 

1. S. P. Dom. Car. ii, vol. 44, fol. 53. 

2. Ex. Dep. Mich., 22. 

3. Ambleside, &c., pp. 42 and 46. 

4. H. M. C, Twelfth Rep. Appendix, Pt. vii., p. 368. 

Grasmere 1067 

was the last in the male line of the Furness family of 
that name, and is said to have been of the same family 
as Isaac Ambrose, the Ejected Minister of Garstang.^ 
He died on Aug. 16, 1684, at the age of 78 years, and was 
bnried at XJlverston, in whose Church a monument to his 
memory may be seen. His burial entry in the XJlverston 
Registers reads thus : — 

1684 Aug. 20. John Ambrose of Lowick Esqr. 

It would appear that he held the living until his death. 
Besse refers to him in 1670 as Priest of Grasmere, and 
again in 1682 as " Vicar or Curate of that Parish." ^ 
Tlie names of, at least, two of John Ambrose's Curates are 
known. John Browke signs as such in connection with a 
Brief on Nov. 24, 1661 ; and the other is John Braith- 
waite, of whom a further notice may be given. From 
1667, if not earlier, he- was the Rector's deputy at Gras- 
mere, the duties of the sacred office falling upon him. 

John Braithwaite, B.A. 

He was ordained Deacon by Benjamin of Lincoln, 
September 23, 1666; Priest by George of Chester, June 2, 
1667; licensed to serve Cure here on same day; and sub- 
scribed the required declaration the same time. In his 
Account Book Daniel Fleming has the following references 
to him : — 

1672 Aug. 12. Given by my wife to Mr. Brathwait for Churching 
her— 00 :05 :00. 

1675 Aug. 17. Given unto Mr. John Brathwait for preaching 
of my dear wife's funerall-sermon upon (Prov. 31. 29) and often 
visiting her during the time of her sickness and praying by her — 
02 :00 :00. 

1677 July 16. Given unto Mr. Braithwait of Gresmere for pub- 
lishing of my daughter Catherine .three Sundayes in that church 
and for his certificate — 00 : 02 : 06. 

1679 Apr. 16. Paid for seven ballads to my children 3d. given 
to Parson Br [athwaite's] daughter 6d. — 00 :00 :09. 

1680-1 Feby. 27. This day at Ambleside I mett with the sad 
newes of her death [his mother] who dyed at Conistone Hall 
February 26th 1680 about 12 of the clock, and who was buried 

1. Notitia Cest. C. S. (0. S.) vol. xxii, p. 535 note 2. 

2. Sufferings of the Quakers, vol. i, p. 318 : vol. ii, p. 28. 

io68 The Ejected of 1662 

in the Lady Bold's grave in Coningston church upon Munday the 
28th of February 1680-1 about 2 of the clock, close by her brother 
John Kirkby Mr. John Brathwait preaching her funeral sermon 
upon 1 Tim. 5. 9 and 10 and applying it very well to her. Her 
executors gave 2d dole as had been given for her husband. 

1682 Dec. 12. Given Parson Brathwait's son who brought some 
wood-cockes— 00 :00 :06. 

1687 May 26. This day Barbara my third daughter was married — 
in Rydal parlor by Mr. John Brathwait — unto John Tatham, onely 
son and heir apparent of William Tatham of Overhall in Ireby 
within the County palatine of Lancaster gentleman, where were 
many good friends.^ 

John Braitliwaite appeared and exhibited as Curate at the 
Bishop's Visitation July 2, 1674, with John Mallison as 
" Ludimgr." 

Henry Fleming, M.A., D.D., 1684—1728. 

He was. ordained Deacon by Thomas ot Carlisle, Nov. 23, 
1684; Priest by the same, .Dec. 21, 1684. He was the son 
of Sir Daniel Fleming of Rydal; his baptism appearing 
in the Registers thus : — 

7 Aug. 1659. The Chr. of Henry ffleming sonne of Daniell ffleming 
of Ridell Esquire. 

He matriculated Queen's Coll., Oxford, July 24^ 1678, 
aged 17; graduated B.A. 1682, M.A. 1685; and became 
D.D. in 1696.2 In the Rydal Hall MSS. are several 
letters which passed between the father and son during 
his University career. His Institution was on Jan. 1, 
1684, on the Presentation of his father. In Daniel 
Fleming's Account Book appears the following note of 
his first sermon at Grasmere : — 

1687 Dec. 11. This day my son Henry Fleming preached his first 
Sermon upon Rom. 13. 10 in Gresmere Church, where I would have 
been had I had notice of his preaching.' 

1. H.M.C., Twelfth Report, passim. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. H.M.C., Twelfth Report, passim. 


Grasmere 1069 

The curious custom of touching the King for cure of the 
" King's Evil " obtained in his day, and the following 
from the G-rasmere Registers relates to the matter : — 

Wee the Rector & Churchwardens of the Parish of Gresmeere in the 
County of Westmerland do hereby Certify That David Harrison of the 
sd Parish aged about ffourteen years, is afflicted as wee are credibly 
informed with the disease comonly called the Kings Evill & (to the 
best of or [our] Knowledge) hath not heretofore been Touched by His 
Majesty for ye sd Decease. 

In Testimony whereof wee have hereunto set or hands & seals the 
ffourth day of ffeb. Asao Doi. 1684. 

Henry ffleming Rectr, 

John Benson 

Jon Mallison Churchwardens. 

Registered by John Brathwaite, Curate. 

From this it appears that Henry Fleming was E-ector 
while John Braithwaite was still Curate; and the extract 
above given about preaching his first sermon at Grasmere 
three years after his Institution is odd. It seems that 
not even occasionally had his Grasmere Parishioners the 
advantage of his ministrations during those three years 
of his Rectorship. This lets in a flood of light upon the 
evils of non residence and Pluralism, which had run to 
greatest excesses in his day. Later Henry Fleming had 
added to his Grasmere living that of Asby in Westmor- 
land. ^ 

Henry Fleming appears among the persons who took the 
" oathes and subscribed the Test " at the Kendal Sessions, 
Christmas, 1694, being described as of Rydal. ^ He held 
his two livings until his death in 1728.^ He had Dudley 
AValker as Curate for a time. 

1. Vide p. 1114. 

2. The Kendal Indictment Book. 

3. Vide "The First Publishers of the Truth," p. 270, for a reference to 
" Henry ffleming, Preist of Grasmore," and his prosecution of the 
Quakers for " theire Testemoney against that oppreissive & antixtian 
yoke of Tyths." 


The Ejected of 1662 

George Fleming, M.A., LL.D., 1728. 

He was Sir Daniel Fleming's fifth son and his baptism 
is thus recorded in the Registers : — 

June 30. 1667 ye Chr. of George Fleming Sonne of Daniell ffleming 
Esquire of Ridell. 

He subsequently became Bishop of Carlisle and died 
July 2, 1747.1 

Little Langdale, several times referred to in the 
accounts of the Churches in this group, is about three 
miles west of Grrasmere. Its Chapel is an ancient founda- 
tion, and, as previously intimated, it was an appendage to 
the mother Church at Grasmere. 

1. Vide under Great Salkeld, &c., p. 382. 


This town, considerable for tlie County, lies at the 
extreme east of Westmorland. The Parish Church is the 
most imposing structure in it, and the foundation is very 
ancient. The Registers begin in 1647 as the following 
indicates : — 

Register of all Christenings Weddings and Burials from April 


Unfortunately there is a break from April 1659 to March 
1676. After 1659 we thus read: — 

The old Parchment Register Book wants all this Book from this 
Place to the End wch is ten years and about seven years more. 

The list of Incumbents for the period with which we are 
concerned is as follows : — 

Anthony Wetherell, 1607. 

He was instituted July 5, 1607, and was here in 1620; 
but beyond these facts nothing is known about him. He 
was gone before 1645 when the living was vacant. 

In 1646 Henry Masy of Kendal endeavoured to secure 
Kirkby Stephen for his son ; and, in that year, the people 
themselves earnestly petitioned Lord Wharton, the Patron, 
for Anthony Shaw, subsequently of Appleby.^ Their 
Petition with signatures is here appended : — 

Sept. 1646. 
To the right honourable Philipp, Lord Wharton, Lord Lieut, of 
the Countie Westmorland, and Patron of the Vicarage of Kirkebie 

The humble Peticon of the Inhabitants and Parishonrs of the said 
Kirkebie Stephen 
Humblie sheweth 
That wee the Inhabitants of the said Parish are not a litle troubled 

1. Vide p. 1131. 


The Ejected of 1662 

in oui" Consciences that we have not as yet a Sufficient able 
Minister and such a one that is able to give us satisfacion in our 
doubts that may any way trouble our Consciences, he who hath 
supplyed our great Chardge this year and about is not qualified 
accordinge to ordinance of Parliament, and it troubles us much 
Concerninge the Prime Covenants betwixt God and us, the Holy 
Sacraments, that he who is not Qualified accordingly should adminis- 
ter these amongst us or to us, Wee are very loath to trouble your 
hour with our troubles but yt we are persuaded of your Lopps 
Religious Intencions for the propagatinge of Religion amongst us 
wch animateth us to make our greavances knowne to your honor. 
There is one Mr. Anthony Shaw which as wee are given to under- 
stand shewed yor Lopp. a Testimoniall of his conversation from 
the Parishioners of Deane in Southampton and was likewise recom- 
mended unto your Honr by some of the Members of the House 
of Comons, Lieut. Colonell Branthwaite and wee have heard him 
Preach severall tymes to the full satisfaccon and Content of us all, 
upon whom we dare hazard the welfare of our SouUs for matters 
of instruction in the Misteries of Salvation. 

Wee therefore humblie pray yor Honor that the said Mr. Anthony 
Shaw may be our Vicar and as in dutie bound wee shall ever pray &c. 

William Willis, Archididascal. 

Robert Atkinson 

Christ. Hindmer 

James Peares 

Humphrey Willmson 

Rich : Wmson 

Wm. Hindmer 

Tho : Knewstubb 

Jo : Hindmer 

Wm. ffawcett 

Henry Wardell 

John Page 

James ffawcett 

Hugh Wilson 

Wm. Shaw 

Wm. Blewbarne 

Tho : Hinde 

Edw. Hartley 

Adam Howard 

Tho : Lowson 

Jo : Tomson 

Rich : Hindmer 

Rich : Darbye 

Rich. Crakhalt 

Wm. Ewbanke 
Edward Wilson 
Robt. Wilson 
James Tomson 
ffrancis ffawcett 
Thomas Shaw 
Wm. Musgrave 
Tho. Denyson 
John Bilbow 
Tho : Ranison 
James Tomson 
John Tomson 
Tho : Dawson 
Wm. Dawson 
James Bowland 
Robt. Addinson 
Edw. Ambler 
Geoffrey Harrison 
Jo. Skelbecke 
John Milner 
Tho : ffawcett 
Edward ffawcett 
Robt. Islipp 
Mich : Waller 

Kirkby Stephen 


Tho : Raw 
Wm. Bamet 
Tho: Kiplin 
Wm. Tomson 
Wm. Barnet 
Rich : Screwton 
Tho : Rud 
Christo : Dent 
Tho. Rudd 
Wm. Bell 
Tho : Wmson 
Geo. Wilson 
James Taylor 
Robt. Scaife 
John Brackin 
Jo : Haisthwitle 
Jo : Shutt 
James Scaife 
Wm. Atkinson 
Jo : Atkinson 
Geo. Rudd 
Wm. Blacklin 
Tho: Waller 
Jenkin Waller 
Lawrence Garsdell 
Tho : Willmsn 
Rich : Waller 
Tho : Waller 
Christo : Ranson 
Henry Salkeld 
Edward Scaife 
Jo : Blackburne 
Wm. Wmson 
Jo, Bousfeild 
Henry Wharton 
Tho : Newton 
Wm. Scaife 
Jo : Dent 
James Hur 
James Banke 
Jo : Morland 
Cuthb : Morland 
Row. Ewbanke 
Mich. Morland 
Lane. Morland 
Edw. Waller 

Wm. Parkin 
Xpo. Parkin 
Rich. Waller 
Ja. Parkin 
Row. Scaife 
Wm. Waller 
Rich. Spenceley 
Rich : Holme 
Law. Bousfeild 
Gabr. Morland 
John Morland 
Robt. Addeson 
Geo. Dent 
Tho : Cleasby 
Jenkin Morland 
Jo : Hutchinson 
Robt. Rackstrey 
Miles Bonson 
Edw. Cockin 
Edw. Hulton 
Hugh Mason 
Wm. Hetherinton 
Tho : Hutton 
Robt. Collin 
Rich. Battersbie 
Nicholas Walker 
Nath. Devis 
Edmond Dent 
Tho : Benson 
Wm. Busir 
Wm. Tomson 
Tho : Walker 
Geo. Pettie 
Michaell Wolfe 
Rich : Brunskell 
Jo : Waller 
Tho : Whitehead 
Edw. ffaijrer 
Jo : Waller 
Robt. Spraerley 
Rich : Spenceley 
Jo : Waller 
Wm. Waller 
John Bland 
Wm. Morland 
Robt. Wright 


The Ejected of 1662 

Eich : Scaife 
Row. Orton 
Hen. Huginson 
Rich : Rogrson 
Tho : Harrison 
James Bell 
Jo. Waller 
Jo. Laidman 
Edw. Hindmer 
John Knewstubb 
Wm. Pettie 
John Knewstubb 
Rich. Law 
Jo : Waller 
Hen. Bousfeild 
Edw. Walker 
Miles Morland 
John Robertson 
Mich : Wharton 
Tho : Waller 
Tho : ffothergill 
Edw. ffothergill 
Gabr. ffothergill 
Tho : ffothergill 
Robt. Knewstubb 
James Wetherell 
Jo : ffothergill 
Symon ffothergill 
Jo : ffothergill 
Jo. Collinson 
Robt. Mosse 
Jo : Banke 
Jo : Wastall 
Tho : Blenkame 
Tho : Bousfeild 
Tho : Hallyday 
Tho: Waller 
Tho : Mosse 
Tho : Wharton 
Jo : Pettie 
Christopher Bell 
Rowl : Pettie 
Hen. Law 
Tho : Cooke 
Jo : Unthanke 
Edw. Cooke 

Hen. Pettye 
John Tebey 
Geo. ffranckland 
Jo : Barnes 
Tho : Laidman 
Jo : Pettie 
Jo : Grainger 
John Harrison 
Wm. Hugginson 
Peter Wharton 
Wm. Hutchinson 
Rich : Wharton 
Wm. W^harton 
Tho : Orton 
Wm. Orton 
Adam Goodbame 
Wm. Blenkame 
Christo : Hindmer 
Tho : Addison 
Jo : Wharton 
Hen : ffawcett 
Robt. Jackson 
John Orton 
Regnold Raikstrey 
John Spooner 
James Simpson 
Edw. Walker 
Edw. Birkdale 
Wm. Bland 
Jo : Wharton 
Hen. Parkin 
Geo. Harrison 
Edm. Shaw 
Jo : ffothergill 
Willm Wharton 
Jo. Atkinson 
Geo. Berkbecke 
Jo. Croasdell 
Rich. Bell 
Wm. Shaw 
Robt. Shaw 
Rich. Shaw 
Sym. Shaw 
Hen. Whitfeild 
Edm. Shaw 
Tho : Shaw 

Kirkby Stephen 


Hen. Shaw 
Hen. Hugginson 
Jo : Hugginson 
Jo : fothergill 
Brian Huginson 
Tho. Shaw 
Rich. Shaw 
Robt. Shaw 
Rich. Shaw 
Tho: Whitfeild 
Geo : Berkdaile 
Antho. Shaw 
Giles Hall 
Tho : Wharton 
Heai. Birkbecke 
Jo. Warricke 
Math. Robinson 
Antho. Dixon 
Mich, ffothergill 
Expo. Kinge 
Geo : Kinge 
Leo. Ewbanke 
Rich. Wharton 
Mich. Wharton. 
Rich. Waller 
Robt. Waller 

Robt. Wilson 

Tho : Turner 

Wm. Turner 

Rich. Morland 

Wm. Darbie 

Lane. Parker 

Jo : Haisthwitle 

Jo : Darbie 

Tho : ffawcett 

Rich. Haisthwhitle 

Ed. Haisthwitle 

Geo. Wilson 

Mich. Huitson 

Tho : Ewbanke 

Robt. Smart 

Wm. ffothergill 

Charles Dent 

Wm. Dixon 

John Dixon 

Tho : Mason 

Phil. Wharton. 

[End.] Sep. 1646. 

Petition from Kirby Stephen 
Parish for Mr. Shaw to bee 
Minister there. ^ > 

Lord Wharton, however, did not appoint either, but 
fixed upon Francis Higginson. 

Francis Higginson, 1648. 

This remarkable man was the son of a still more distin- 
guished father, a Minister of the same name. Francis 
Higginson, senior, was born in the year 1587, educated 
j at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, " that Seminary of 
Puritans in Cambridge until he was Master of Arts," and 
for a time was at " one of the five Parish Churches in 
I Leicester." His chief persecutor was Archbishop Laud, 
and he resolved to seek refuge in New England, whither 
80 many harassed Puritans were turning for relief. 

Cotton Mather says : — 

Three vessels, filled with Godly and honest passengers, amongst 
whom were two other Nonconformist Ministers, set sail from the 

1. Rawl. MSS. Letters 52 (Bodleian), fol. 25. 

1076 The Ejected of 1662 

Isle of Wight about the first of May, 1629, and when they came 
to Land's End Mr. Higginson, calling up his children and other 
passengers unto the stem of the ship to take their last sight 
of England said : " We will not say as the Separatists were wont 
to say at their leaving of England — Farwel Babylon ! Farewel 
Rome ! But we will say Farewel Dear England ! Farewel the Church 
of God in England and all the Christian Flri^ends there ! We 
do not go to New England as Separatists from the Church of 
England ; though we cannot but separate from the corruptions in 
it : but we go to practise the positive part of Church Reformation 
and propagate the Gospel in America" ; and so he concluded with 
a fervent prayer for the King and Church and State in England, 
and for the presence and blessing of God with themselves in their 
present undertaking for New England.^ 

He lived to serve only a little over a year in the New 
World, dying in August 1630, in his 43rd year. The 
following epitaph was placed upon his tomb : — 

Jacet sub hoc Tumulo 


Franciscus Higginsonus 

Jaceret et ipsa virtus 

Si mori posset 


Et. Sis hujus Ordinis 


His two sons were John and Francis. John had a 
brilliant career for some time as a Schoolmaster, and 
subsequently he became his father's successor at Salem, 
Massachusetts. Cotton Mather gives him a high charac- 
ter, speaks of him as " another Origen," and, writing in 
1696, says that he was still alive, " arrived unto the 
Eightieth Year of his Devout life and about the Sixtieth 
of his Publick work." John's son, Francis, received his 
early training at Sedbergh Grammar School, and in 1678, 
at the age of 18 years, entered St. John's College, Cam- 

1. Magnalia, Book II., pp. 71 — 76 : Brook's Lives of the Puritans, 
vol. ii, pp. 369 — 374. The information about the Higginson Family 
above given is mainly from these works. Vide also Congregationalists 
in America (Dunning) ; and Brown's Pilgrim Fathers in New England. 

Kirkby Stephen 1077 

bridge, from that place. Respecting Francis, the brother 

of John, Mather has the following : — 

For a time Schoolmaster at our Cambridge ; but having attained 
as much learning as New England could then afford he was desirous 
to visit some European University : and being recommended to 
Rotterdam some Dutch ^Merchants, out of respect unto an hopeful 
Scholar of New England, contributed Fourscore Pounds in Money 
to assist his Juvenile studies at Leyden. Afterwards having visited 
some other Universities in those parts he returned to England where 
he declined a settlement in some other which he thought more 
opinionative and so more contentious and Undesirable Places to 
which he was invited and settled at Kirkby Stephen in Westmorland 
hoping to do most good among the ignorant People there. But 
it pleased the God of Heaven to permit the first outbreaking^ 
of the Prodigious and Comprehensive Heresy Quakerism in that 
very place ; and a multitude of People being betwitched therein 
it was a great affliction unto this worthy man, but it occasioned 
his writing the first* book that ever was written against that sink 
of Blasphemies Entituled — The Irreligion of Northern Quakers. This 
learned person was the Author of a Latin treatise : De quiq Maximis 
Lmninibus ; De Luce Decreta : De Luce Creata ; De Lumine Naturae, 
Gratiae, and Gloriae. And having Illuminated the House of God 
in that part of it where our Lord had set him to shine, he went 
away to the Light of Glory in the Fifty Fifth year of his age.' 

His Institution to Kirkby Stephen was on Oct. 27, 1648, 
though probably he had already been here some time : — 

Ordered, That Doctor Heath give Institution and Induction unto 
Francis Higginson, Clerk, to the Vicarage of Kirkby Steven in the 
County of Westmorland void by death : Salvo Jure cujusque : Lord 
Wharton Patron.'' 

He married Edmund Branthwaite's sister, whose home 
was at Newbiggin,^ and the following interesting letters 
from his pen bear that address: — 

1. Higginson in his pamphlet written in 1653 says : "The last 
Summer there came or rather crept unawares into the County of 
Westmorland, George Fox, James Nailer, one Spoden, and one Thornton, 
all of them Satan's Seeds-men." 

2. This is scarcely correct. In his first pamphlet Higginson himself 
refers to " The Querers and Quakers cause at the Second Hearing," a 
production in opposition to the Quaker movement. 

3. Magnalia, &c. 

4. L. J., vol. X, p. 567. 

5. This would be Newbiggin near Ravenstonedale. 

1078 The Ejected of 1662 

Right Honourable 

It hath pleased God to retunie me safely to Kirkby Stephen, where 
I have been now four Lone dayes since. I left Hela [Healaugh]. This 
Country hath been so farre impoverished by the last warre and 
our Parish among the rest that men generally think it will scarce 
recover itself in 7 yeares of Peace. The harvest this . . . being 
very ill gotten and much of the com [MS. torn] of our Parish this 
year, and it may be for some few yeares following will be worth litis 
more then half so much as formerly; but for that the will of ye 
Lord be done. For ye gleab the Taxes which the Town hath 
layed upon it this year have carried all the profitts of that away. 
Whether their taxing of the gleab be regular or not and whether or 
no I might seek to free it I know not. Our losse in our household 
stuffe was lesse I thank God then I expected, it being preserved in 
some poor peoples houses whither it had been conveyed out of the 
way. The Scotch Irish when they were quartered in the Town 
did somewt deface the house we dwell in by breaking down all the 
wood in, and about it they could well tell how, for the fire. And 
among the rest they burnt a Bedstead of Your Lordshipps ^hich 
I had from Wharton Hall when I came first. Your Servant Michael 
Wharton was somewht plundered for your Lordshipp's sake I sup- 
pose more then his own. Among your Lordship's Tenants and 
Parish none was more ready to shew himself to his power a friend 
to ye Parliament then Robert Waller Richard's Son of Wharton 
who had gotten together a small company of men and was noted 
to doe very good service at Preston fight and Rible bridge against 
the Enemy. While I continued at Hela I became very well 
acquainted wth your Lordshp's Servant Mr. Gunter who is by 
what I could hear or perceive by him a man truly honest and one 
yt desires to be faithfull according to his ability. This is all 1 
shall make bold to [MS. torn] onely I doe further entreat your 
Honour's prayers to God in my behalfe that he would vouchsafe to 
blesse my weake Endeavours in the ministry of the Gospell and shall 

An unfeyned and Earnest Suppliant to God For your 
Lordship and your Lordship's faithful Servant to my 

Francis Higginson. 


Novemb 7th, 1648. 
[Letter is somewhat dilapidated and endorsed.] 

7 Novemb 1648. 

Mr. Higginson to my Lord. 

To the Right Honourable Philip, Lord Wharton, these present.' 

1. Rawl. MSS. Letters 52 (Bodleian). 

Kirkby Stephen 


In 1653 Higginson appeals to Lord Wharton on behalf 
of the education of some of the sons of his Patron's poorer 
tenants : — 

Right Honourable 

May it please your Honour we have here sent the names and 
ages of some yong youths, the sonnes of your Honours Tenants all 
of them except one, and some that are orphanes whose fathers also 
were some of your Lordship's poorest Tenants while they were 
alive. They are all such as we (and some others whose advice we 
had) conceive it would be a work of mercy and much charity to 
procure their bringing up to some learning in their yonger yeares : 
their parents or friends being so needy, that they are able to doe 
very litle of anything att all for them that way. 

We have sent the names of Diverse that your Honour may 
have some choice among them. 

Kerkby Stephen. 

1. John Hindmere an Orphan of the age of 4 years his Father was 
your Lordship's Tenant, he hath a brother and sister elder than 
himself. They all live upon the charity of some of their next 
friends their parents having nothing considerable to leave them 
when they dyed. 

2. Hugh Cawland, 11 years old. He never yet learned to read, but 
knitts for his living, his parents are both dead, and were your 
Honour's Tenants while alive. 

3. Chrestopher Parkin about 7 years old. His Father keeps a litle 
shop in the towne but is conceived by his neighbors to be 
very .... [poor] in his estate and hath foure children more. 

4. Michael Waller about 11 years old, he goes to schoole to Mr. 
Willis, his Father hath some three children besides him, they 
are not yet able to shift for themselves and he is a poor honest 

5. Robert Sourby about 6 years old. His Father hath other two 
children and is a poor man. 

6. Robert Mason an orphan of 8 years old, a very pretty boy and 
apt to learne. He had nothing left him by his parents, and 
is now only maintained by the charity of a (E'ather in law who 
is a very poor cobler. He is we think a very fitt object of 
charity, only his Father had not the Relation of a Tenant to 
your Honour while he was alive. 

7. Michael Wilson about 7 years old, his Father a very poor 
labouring man. 

1. Richard Moreland about 5 years old, grandson of old Richard 
Moreland that is now blind. His Father is a very poore man 
and hath six children the Eldest not above 10 yeares old. 

io8o The Ejected of 1662 


1. James Mason about 7 years old, his Father they say is an 
extreme poor man and hath a great charge. 

2. Henry Wharton, the Son of Philip Wharton under 7 years old. 

3. Philip Whitehead 5 years old. 

If your Honour please to have more nominated, we suppose that 
your Lordship's Servant Michael Wharton is better able to doe 
it and to give you a character of them and there parents condition 
then our selves with our humble prayers to God for your Honour 
we rest. 

Your Honours 

Very humble Servants 
Kirkby Stephen, Francis Higginson 

Sep. 19, 1653. William Willis 

On a separate slip is the following : — 

The names of poore men that is not able to keepe theire children 
at Scole 

Gyles flothergill one 

Thomas Johnson one 

Anthony Pinder one 

Mychaell Bousfell one 

Christopher Rogerson one 

Rychard Goldrington one 

Stephen Bousfell one 

[End.] 19 Sept. 1653. Names of children to bee taught att 
Kirkby Steaven, Russindale, For the Right Honble Philip Lord 
Wharton att Aske. These' 

The following also relates to this period : — 

Branthwaite Mr. ffeb. 8. 1654. 

Ordered yt Edward Briggs ; Tho. Burton of Brampton & firancis 
Sisson of Barton in ye County of Westmrland Esqrs. Justices of ye 

peace, Major Arthur Scaiffe Mr. [blank] Jennings Maior of 

Kendall Robt. Scaiffe of Winton Robert Atkinson of Kirby Stephen 
& John ffawcett of Kendall aforesaid in ye County of Westmrland 
Gentlemen or any one or more of them be & are hereby desired to 
See Edmund Branphwaite of Kirby Steven in ye County of 
Westmrland Scale & deliver to ye use of ye said Trustees one 
Indenture bearing date ye Eight day of January made betweene ye 
Trustees therein named & ye said Edmund Branthwaite As also the 
bond bearing ye same date from ye said Mr. Branthwaite & Robert 
Branthwaite of Bewly Castle Gentleman & ffrancis Higginson of 

1. RawJ. MSS. Letters 52 (Bodleian), fol. 69. 

Kirkby Stephen 1081 

Kirk Stephen Clerk for pformance of ye Covenants of ye said 
Indenture & to Subscribe their names as witnesses thereto & to 
Certifye ye same. 
Ea. Hall, E. Hopkins, R. Sydenham, Rich. Yong.' 

Nicolson and Burn refer to Higginson's " two very 
notable pamphlets " as " extremely scarce," and cite 
largely from them with a view to " preserving some of 
the contents of the same." ^. In illustration of what 
Cotton Mather says about Francis Higginson's aggressive- 
ness in relation to the Quaker movement may be taken the 
following, which refers to a visit to these parts, near the 
end of 1652, by James Nayler, a prominent actor in the 
movement : — 

The next day he [Nayler] went with severall others in to Maler- 
stang to the house of John Knewstub, where the next day, being ye 
ffirst day of the weeke was a very large fleeting and many convinced 
and perticularly John ffuthergill and Sevrall relations of his. To 
wch place, one Burton a Justice, on ye day following, being the 
Second day of the weeke (at the Instigation, as was supposed, of 
one Higison preist of Kirby Stephen) sent some officers, who tooke 
James Nayler and francis Howgill went along with him and some 
other ffriends to before the sd Justice Burton at preist Higinsons 
house, who Comited Ja : Nayler and ffrancis Howgill to Appleby 
Geoall in Westmrland, where they lay for sevrall weeks, viz from ye 
ninth Month to the Sessions at Easter, where they were discharged. 3 

Jso : — 

Ixxviii. Thomas Tayler. For Brawling in Church. 
Aug. 21. 1657. Thomas Tayler at Appulby, did openly say to 
Francis Higginson, preacher there in the publique place of meeting, 
"Come down lyar, for thou speakes contrary to the doctrin of 
Christ, for Christ hath said Sweare not att all," whereby nee 
did not only molest the said Francis Higginson, but alsoe did cause 
greate tumult and disturbance amongst the people then and there 
Fined £3 6. Sd." 

Among the documents in the Parish Chest, in a very 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 1008. 

2. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 536. 

3. The First Publishers of Truth, p. 248 ; vide also for his connection 
rith William Cole, p. 932. 

4. Depos. from York Castle (Surtees Soc, vol. xl.), p. 79. 

io82 The Ejected of 1662 

dilapidated condition, though now carefully preserved, 
is one from which the following has been extracted : — 
3 November 1654. Buryed the same day John Petty of Sowleby 
some tymes Servant to Sr Philypp Musgrave. The same day Mr. 
Higginson preached his funerall Sermon out of the 3 Chaptr. of 
Lamentations Vrse 26 : "It is good that a man doth quietly wait 
and hope for the Expectacon of the Lord." Upon this Text he 
desired Mr. Higginson in the tyme of Sickness to preach at his 

Unlike Henry Masy of Kendal Higginson did not 
unduly trouble his Patron with letters, and Lord Wharton 
reminded him of the fact. This drew from him the 
following valuable communication. Unfortunately it 
bears no date, but it must have been written about 1655 
or 1656 : — 

Right Honourable. 

The true reason vrhy I write so seldome is, because I see almost 
nothing of such Importance or pertinency as to invite me to sett my 
pen on work to your Lordship. Sir If it might please God so to 
setle the greatest affaires of the Kingdome, that you might have 
liberty to come downe into these Northerne parts, to stay some while, 
I am verily persuaded, your presence would do a great deale of good 
here, both to encourage all the well-affected, & to discountenajice the 
contrary party wch excells (I hope) only in number The Inhabitants 
of our Parish are yet stift'e in retaining their old though groundlesse- 
Customes : & they have I think the worse opinion of me reporting me 
to be an Independent because I endeavour sometimes when a necessity^ 
lyes upon me to persuade them to forsake them. But they are not 
words that will persuade them, that have not either reason or witt 
enough to understand them. It must be Authority ; that only will be 
a Convincing Argument to refractory men. There appears to be a 
great want indeed of an established Government in the Church. 
It yet seems almost strange (me thinks) that it hath pleased God to 
bring me downe into Westmoreland to be married Shee that is now 
mine in the relation of a wife is Sheriffe Branthwaits Eldest Daughter. 
One She is, thank God, of a very good repute, Nature, & inclination 
to Religion. I hope I shall have cause to be thankful! to God, & 
under him to your Lordship (who sent me down into this Country 
where God had provided this happiness for me) all my dayes for 
this mercy. I must acknowledge, it hath been my intention, & my 
promise to God & my self since my last arrival! in England from 
East India, not to delay the first opportunity of a suitable marriage 
wch divine Providence should offer me. And now I have obtained 
this favour of the Lord; Blessed be his name. The Augmentation 


Kirkby Stephen 1083 

that was made to Mallerstang Chappell failing Mr. Jackson is lately 
removed from thence to Grayrigg (another village in this County. 
Some of the best of the dale desire Mr. Preston to be their Preacher. 
I think it is better he be there then that they should be utterly 
destitute or have a worse. I have promised them tenne pounds p ann, 
while It pleases God to continue me here, untill there may be some 
Augmentation obtained & setled upon that Chappell. 

The Schoolemaster at Kirkby Stephen is about to remove to a 
benefice in Cumbrland ; & so the Schole is like to be void within a 
litle while. There are diverse that seek to obtain the place ; & among 
the rest one Mr. Kiplin hath gott the grant of diverse of the Feoffees 
of whom I am none (they say) till I be elected. I heare many of the 
parish & some others report, that according to Queen Eliz. Grant, 
your Lordship hath nothing to doe, either for the Nomination or 
Approbacon of a man for the place, whereof I desire to give your 
Lordship notice Sir, my earnest prayer to God for your Lordship is, 
that it would please him long to preserve you, to be a great Instrument 
for his glory the good of his Church & for the setlement of this 
destracted nation : & my hearty desire is that according to my 
bounden duty I may ever approve my self 
Your Honours 

Most obliged & (however weak, yet) 
faithfull Servant, especially in the 
Ministry of the Gospell 

Francis Higginson. 
To the Right honorable Philip Lord Wharton att his 
Lordships house in Clarkenwell near London. 
[Endorsed.] Kirkby Steaven 
Mr. Higginson.' 

In 1662 he writes, again from Newbiggin, recording the 
sudden death of Edmund Branthwaite : — 

Right Honourable 

This Letter will come to your Honour upon a very sad occasion. 
On Friday last the 14th of the Month my Brother Edmund Branth- 
waite your Honours Servant was at his own house at Newbegin in 
as good health to our thinking as ever we knew him, and the next 
morning about six a clock I heard him call up the Servant maid 
and tell her it was almost day. After that he lay still till about 
nine of the clock and we thought him to be in an innocent and 
natural sleep ; at wch time my wife wondring he lay so long contrary 
to his custome went into the room to call him and could not waken 
him ; whereupon calling me to him I presently saw cause to f eare 
that which proved too true that God had visited him with an 

1. Rawl. MSS. Letters 104 (Bodl.), fol. 49. 

1084 The Ejected of 1662 

Apoplexy. I sent with all speed to Kerkby-Stephen to one that 
hath some skill in physick who was with us presently after tenne 
a clock and we used all meanes we could think of to awaken him 
out of that dangerous sleep, but all our Endeavours proved ineffec- 
tual. I sent also with all hast to Kendall to Dr. Steel, but before 
the messenger could gett thither, his disease grew so violent that 
it first made his breathing exceeding difficult and then putt an 
end to his dayes in this world about one or two a clock in the 
afternoon the same day being the 15th of the ^lonth. Thus it 
hath pleased God to deprive your Honour of a faithfuU Servant 
and myself and wife and others of his relations of a deare friend ; 
and herein to lay us under a very great affliction. The Lord 
make us to consider our end that we may know how frail we are & 
learn by such sad dispensation of his providence to undervalue this 
uncertain world & life & live only henceforth in order to the Enjoy- 
ment of a happy Everlasting life with God in Heaven. 

My Brother was not able to speak one word to us after that deadly 
disease had seazed on him. So that I scarce know anything of the 
state of his affaires either towards your Lordship or in respect of his 
own Estate touching which I was not envious to inquire any thing 
of him in the time of his health. But I shall be carefuU that 
whatever books or papers of his do Concern your Honour may be 
safely kept till your Lordship shall appoint oaie to receive them from 
me : & shall endeavour herein & every way as sure as I am able to 
approve my Self 

Your Honours faithfull & ever obliged thankfull Servant 

Francis Higginson. 
Newbiggin Novemb 16th. 

[Endorsed] 16. Nov. 1662 

Mr. Higginson to my Lord 

of ye death of Ned Branthwaite 

The Ld. Sajictify his providence 

to mee. P. W.' 

Calamy places Francis Higginson in the list of those 
who were ejected by the Uniformity Act, but who after- 
wards conformed. Neither he, however, nor Palmer does 
more than just supply the name. Such, however, was the 
case. The following letters to Lord Wharton bear upon 

1. Rawl. MSS., Letters 52 (Bodl.),fol. 117. "Edmund Branthwaite of 
Kerby Steven in the County of Westmrland gent. Commissioned the 
8th day of Jany 1654 to receive the Tenthes of the Counties of Cumber- 
land and Westmerland from time to time." Lamb. MSS. (Plund. 
Min.), 1014. 


Kirkby Stephen 1085 

the matter and furnish much other interesting informa- 
tion. It is clear that Lord Wharton was using his 
influence with a view to securing such measure of con- 
formity in Higginson as would enable him to return to 
his living. Sanderson's letter has been slightly abbre- 
viated : — 

Right Honourable 

I receaved your Honours letter dated Febr 21 & give your Honour 
the thanks I am able for your undeserved favour to me. 

Your Lordship w^as pleased to direct me to write two letters to 
your self, both of them such as might be shewed to our Reverend 
Bishop, the one Concerning the things I am dissatisfyed in more 
particularly & the other more in general : wch I have endeavoured 
to doe. But Sir the former of them after my review of it I somewhat 
dislike, & therefore if it be your Lordship's Judgment I rather 
desire the latter may be shewed him only if you think meet. But I 
committ my selfe & all my Concernments to your Honour's descretion. 
I intreat your Lordship to intimate to me when it may be convenient 
for me to expresse my thanks to our Reverend Bishop for that favour 
& particular good wUl which he hath manifested towards me, to 
more then one or two : for I have never done it yet, & may be 
accounted too insensible of the kindness I never did deserve. 

Sir for my Brother's Estate of wch my wife now solely hath taken 
administration Wee have yet received in all but about 291i & payed 
of it about 25li for his funreall Expences & to the Shops at Kirby 
& to some Workmen for making wells & other work about his house 
& grounds, wch was unpayed when it pleased God to take him. 

Wee have endeavoured already to gett up some of his debts, of 
wch some are denyed others promised to pay when they can, but in 
short we have the promise of but about 30li already to be payed at 
Whitsontide next, & if we can as I hope we shall gett up 301i more 
of his debts afore that time Your Lordship shall have 60li from us 
then : wch is more then I can absolutely promise, but I will doe my 
Endeavour. And before that time, I am but too certain that I 
cannot answer your Lordship's desire in this kind. We must have 
time before we can pay my Brother's debts, wch prove more by farr 
then at first I dreamed of. Within a while I will give your Lordship 
a particular account of them. In the meantime I think my self 
obliged to inform your Lordship of this one particular before your 
Honors Courts are kept in Orton parish : that the matter may be 
determined then. 

My Cousin Thornbrow tells me, that after his best enquiry he finds 
that my Brother Rich. Adamson took a Morgage from John Haber ye 
elder, & John Haber the younger & Agnes his wife of the Moiety of 
their Tenement at Wood End for the consideration of 55li whereof 

io86 The Ejected of 1662 

theer were two fines of the Summe of 12li lis 6d due to Lord 
Wharton And that my Bro Rich. Adamson after that made an 
Assigment of the said Morgage to my Bro. E. Branthwaite, for mony 
he ought him, the said fines being unpayed still & unknown to my 
Bro. Edmund, till after my Brother Adamson's decease. This seemed 
a litle strange to mee & because I thought it might possibly concern 
us, I lately desired Mr. Fletcher's opinion whether the heir of yr 
land or the Administrator of my Bro. Edmund's present estate would 
be engaged to pay it; & he tells me it is his opinion your Lordship 
ought to seek it from the Possessor of yt land. However some of 
us must pay it, I entreat your Lordship to consider the case, & give 
some particular about it, when the Courts in Orton parish shall be 

Sir I beseech you pardon the trouble of these letters to 
Your Honrs most obliged Servant 

Francis Higginson. 
[Endorsed] 28 Feb. 1662/3.' 

Rgt Honble 

Give me leave I humbly intreate you once more to represent to 
your Lop in what condicon I find our affaires here : As I tould yor 
Hcnr. when you were in the Countrey, so I am every day further 
confirmed in it, that the Viccarage of Gilling is designed to be rent, 
and that by the Ecclesiasticke Superiours tunongst us, I had not the 
happ to be believed then nor dare I promise this intimacon any 
other success, It is very palpable to me, & I thinke it probable to 
yor Honnour, if you consider that Cowton, Barton, Eryholme & 
Hutton are already settled by their Authority, as distinct parrochiall 
and yt ye Ministrs in ye sd Cures rest confident of that Establishmt 
& disclaime all dependence upon Gilling their constant practice and 
open expressions declare; I know Mr Dickinson when questioned by 
yor Honnr in that very pticular, had not ye ingenuity or courage to 
speake his intencon, but since he hath sufficiently discover'd himselfe 
& indeed the whole business, for after his vehement denyall that 
ever he made any promise before yr Hcnr. to give me satisffaccon 
about ye arreares due, being shamed out of that plea, then he 
alleaged he could not tell what he spoke, he was so urgd & hastened 
by yr Lp. In sume after 5 dales attendance upon him in severall 
meetinges & the trouble of diverse gentlemen & neighbours about 
composing the debate many strange shuffles being used by him, he 
att last gave this flatt & finall answere, yt if there were a condicon 
or promise made it was but nudum pactum without any consideracon 
for he & his Church had no relacon or dependance either upon 
Gilling or fforcett, nor had the Incumbents in either place, ought to 
do with him nor would he pay one penny. ... To a due order & 
compliance a greedy untoward people to deale with, who will not 

1. Rawl. MSS. Letters 52, fol. 104. 


Kirkby Stephen 1087 

kindly brook the least contradicon either to sin or selfe, for since 
my truly worthy neighbour Mr Shutleworth is disabled for publique 
Comunion I find even fforcett also a very uncomfortable place, popery 
& prophaness doe so rage & domineer amongst us, & the litle tast I 
have had of Gilling convinceth me; that who ever medle there must 
resolve either to buy or want their respects; and the rate must be 
of their own setting downe. I thanke God I have improved Forcett 
since I came to my great charges in repaires both of houses & ground 
& I have as great a share of their love, as any that will be honest 
and painfull must expect, and att Gilling I know none that will 
open their mouthes agt either my person or paines, yet I humbly 
crave leave to say that a man of a richer purse, and more litigious 
spiritt (rebus sit stantibus) were fitter to enter upon Gilling : I 
should long to be where I might peaceably spend my selfe and reap 
some comfort in ye Comunion of Christians, indeed I think it is in 
yor Honrs power to put me in such a place if Kirkby Stephen be not 
otherwise desposed, I have more then once been moved by some of 
yt pish & related to yr Lop to mencon it to you, & on Satturday one 
of the pish was with me & put me upon the same account. 

My Lord I find my selfe exceedingly inclined to pursue Providence 
in it, And doe make it my request, in all humility & submission, that 
you will take it into yr good consideracon : ffor since good Mr. 
Higginson doth not continue there I should rejoice to succeed such a 
pious painfull labourer, besides it is my native Countrey, and I have 
many choice friends & some neer Kindred in the parish. I know I 
may be rash & selfish in what I say, we would avoyd crosses & create 
Comforts to our selves, but I am not conscious either of pride or 
covetousness in this proceeding : I can freely referr my All (next 
under God) to yr Honrs prudent disposall & I resolve to acquiesce 
in yr Judgemt hopeing shortly to hear what you determine. If yr 
Honr peruse this enclosed it may possibly prevaile for some speedy 
care about the (at present) unsettled estate of 

Yr Honrs humblest Servt 

& daily oratour att ye 

throne of grace 
Gilling Jan. 5. '62.' Geo. Sanderson. 

In the Episcopal B-egister at Carlisle also are notices 
respecting Higginson's reordination and license to preach 
in the following terms : — 

In Sacrum presbyteratus ordinem admissus est ffranciscus Higgin- 
son diaconus. [Dec. 20, 1663.] 

Licentia praedicandi concessa p'fato ffrancisco Higginson vicario de 
Kirkby Stephen vicesimo primo die mensis decembris anno dni 1663. 

1. Raw). MSS. Letters 52, fol. 106. 

io88 The Ejected of 1662 

In the Churchwardens' Accounts, which begin in 1658,^ 

appear the following : — 

1663 pd to Mr. Bancks for preaching — 5 — 0. 

1663 Pd. by Math. Bell when Severall Ministrs. came — 4 — 6. 

This was probably during the period of Higginson's 

Joshua Stopford, M.A., 1663. 

He was instituted, October 5th, 1663, on a Presenta- 
tion by Philip Wharton, but he could not have remained 
more than a few months, as Francis Higginson, on his 
submission in December 1663, was restored to his living. 
On Stopford's resignation, which whether suggested in view 
of Higginson's conformity does not appear, the people peti- 
tioned in the following terms for the living to be given 
to one Mr. Lawson, and it is interesting to notice that 
Stopford supported the candidature : — 
Right honoble and our Singular Good Lord and Patron. 

May it please yor Lopp to accept of the hearty thanks of the 
Inhabitants of the Parishioners of Kirkby Stephen for that it pleased 
yor Lopp for ther Piety, Zeal for the Glory of God and for the 
Good of our Soules, after we have had a long want of a Ministr 
amongst us to provide and prsent to us Mr. Joshua Stopford a person 
in all parts Qualified for the worke of the Ministry. And whereas we 
are fully given to understand that notwithstanding your presentacon 
of him to us wch we unanimously accepted, Yet for some urgent 
Reasons he will Resigne the same againe to yor Lordshipp We the 
Churchwardens whose names are hereundr written with the full 
Assent and Consent and in the name of the whole parish humblie 
desire yor Lordshipp will be pleased to bestow upon us one Mr 
Thomas Lawson of Garstall a person well knowne to be able in the 
Ministry, his Doctrine Sound and Orthodox to our owne knowledges, 
as also approved by severall orthodox devines, wch if yor Lps please 
to do we shall heartyly and willingly receive him and in our daly 
prayers to the throne of grace pray that the Almighty God will 
shower downe his plentifuU blessings upon you and yors in this life 
and Everlasting ffelicity hereafter 

Yor Lopps humble Suppliants 
John Smith 

Mathew Bell Church 

Christopher King Wardens. 
John Mosse 

1. These documents are extremely interesting and are well worth 


Kirkby Stephen 1089 

[Note oji side] 
Right honble 

In regard we are very Sencible that Mr. Stop ford would also have 
Mr. Lawson to be our Minister himselfe Resigneing it wee further 
humblie desire him. 

Kirkby Stephen 
30. Nov. 1663. 

For the Right Honoble and our Singular Good Lord and Patron, 
Philipp Lord Wharton nere St. Gyles Church in London. 

fEndorsed] From ye Churchwardens of 
Kirkby Parish in ye behalf 
of Mr. Lawson to bee ye 

Francis Higginson, 1663 — 1673. 

He remained liere until his death, a notice of fiis burial 
appearing in the Registers thus : — 

20 May 1673 Buried — Mr. ffrancis Higginson Vicar of Kirkby 
Stephen. The last sermon he preached was the 11th of May 1673, 
and His text was 68 Psalme and the 20th verse. ^ 

John Eawlet, M.A., 1673. 

He was instituted September 5th, 1673, on the death of 
Francis Higginson. He was the author of " The Chris- 
tian Monitor," and a book of poems. ^ 

Samuel Shaw, 1681 — 1691. 

He was ordained Priest March 16, 1678-9, and insti- 
tuted May 11, 1681. Foster gives the following: — 
" Shawe Samuel, B.A., from Queen's Coll., Cambridge, 
1673-4, M.A. 1677 : incorporated 10 July, 1677 : perhaps 
vicar of Kirkby Stephen." ^ 

1. Rawl. MSS. Letters 104 (Bodl.), fol. 5. 

2. Vide "First Publishers of the Truth" for "Priest Higison" and the 
Quakers, p. 248 and note. 

3. Nicolson and Bum, vol. i, p. 538. 

4. Al, Ox. 


I090 The Ejected of 1662 

The Registers contain the following : — 

Jam 23rd. 1686. 

That on the 23d. Jan. '86 there was collected in ye pish Church of 
Kerkby Stephen 8s 5d to Release Stephen Bovel of Ravenstondale out 
of prison at ye Request of ye Ministr Churchwardens and Divers of 
that pish who have promised to doe ye like for aaiy of the poore of 
this pish in distress if we apply to them for Reliefe 

Recorded by me 
Sa. Shaw Vicar 
of Kirkby Stephen. 

They also record the burial of " the Reverend Mr. Samuel 
Shaw vicar," on May 13, 1691. 

John Atkinson, M.A., 1691—1733. 

He was instituted January 26, 1691, on the Presentation 
of " Thos. Dmus Wharton." Foster says that he was the 
son of John Atkinson of Appleby, pleb. ; matriculated 
Queen's College, Oxford, 2 March, 1687-8, at the age of 
18; graduated B.A. in 1693, and M.A. in 1696; was Vicar 
of Kirkby Stephen in 1700, " preb. of Carlisle 1702, and 
rector of Brougham, 1708."^ John Atkinson was a 
Pluralist on a very large scale. He was appointed Pre- 
bendary of the First Stall in Carlisle by the Crown in 
1702 2 on the elevation of Nicolson to the Episcopal throne. 
In the Registers appears the following : — 

1701 Nov. 11 wedd Mr. John Atkinson Vic, of Ky. S. to Mrs. Lydia 

Possibly this was the widow or daughter of his predecessor. 
He died in 1733. 

In the Account Book previously named are the follow- 
ing interesting items : — 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Jefferson's Hist, of Carl., p. 260. 

Kirkby Stephen 

109 1 

1663 Charges at the Woodside about giving in Recusants names 
1 0. 

[about 1666] Quakers 
Richard Pinder & Bridgt his 

wife of Kirkby St. 
Petr Dennyson & Isabella his wife 
Elizabeth Grosedale 
John Shaw & Agnes his wife 
Thom. Wright & Dorothy his wife 
Tho. Knewstub & Eliz. his wife L Mallerstang. 

Jo. Knewstub 
Wm Shaw of Cocklack 
Hen. Whitfeild Junr. & 

his wife 
Charles Gibson of Wharton 
Thomas Cleasby & Mary 

his wife of Stowgill 
Hugh Bailey of K. 
Henry Waller formly 

excommunicated for 


The Wharton interest was very powerful in this district^ 
and the Musgraves, who were of the opposite way of 
thinking, wielded also considerable influence in it. 


This is a small village some four miles due west of 
Kirkby Stephen. Its Churcli, dedicated to St. Andrew, 
is a quaint structure, standing on the summit of a con- 
siderable elevation, from which circumstance the place 
often appears in older documents as Crosby-on-the-Hill. 
The Registers begin — weddings and burials — in 1559. 
The first clear entry is 1571 ; but this is preceded by about 
a dozen others, the dates of which have been worn away. 
The* writing is good, bold and distinct. The following is 
the list of Incumbents : — 

Richard Fallowfield, 1596 — 1636. 

He was instituted on a Presentation by Thomas Ambler, 
yeoman, of Kirkby Stephen. Possibly this is the person 
referred to by Foster in the following : — " Of Westmor- 
land, gent.. Queen's Coll. matric. 13 Dec. 1588, aged 18; 
B.A. 1 Dec. 1592, M.A. 7 July 1595." i In the Registers 
appear the following Fallowfield entries : — 

Buriales : 1612 June 18. Thomas son of Mr. ffallowfeilde. 

1616 July 23. Elizabeth wife of Mr. ffallowfeilde. 

1630 Decern. 24. Thomas ffallowfeilde lisquire. 

1631 Decern. 27. Mary daughter of Mr. ffallowfeild. 

1636 Octob 13. Mr. Richard ffallowfeilde parson of Crosbygarett. 

On April 12, 1629, Richard Fallowfield, "parson of 
Crosby Garret " gave £3, " the use to go to the mainten- 
ance of a schoolmaster there ; and when there is no school- 
master to be given to the poor. The said £3 to remain 
to the said use for ever." ^ 

Edmund Mauleveeer, M.A., 1636 — 1645. 

He was instituted Dec. 10, 1636, on the Presentation of 
^' Phil. Musgrave, Mil. et Baronet de Edenhall, Patron." 
Walker does not give him a place among his " Suffering 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 532. 

Crosby Garrett 1093 

Clergy," yet that he was sequestered is quite certain. 
The Registers have the following entries respecting his 
family : — 

1639 July 10. Elleonar daughter of Mr. Edmund Mauleverer. 

1642, March 9 Wilyam sonn of Edmund Mauleverer Rhector Ibid. 

1645 March 26. Philippe sonn of Edmund Mauleverer. 

Whether after his Sequestration he modified somewhat 
his views does not appear, but soon after he obtained a 
living at Marske, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The 
following gives the date of his appointment : — 

6 Feb. 1646-7. Ordered &c. That Doctor Aylett or his lawful! 
Deputy are hereby authorized and required, upon sight of this Order, 
to give Institution and Induction unto Edm. Maleverer Clerk IMaster 
of Arts to the Rectory of Marsk in Com. Richmond, void by the 
Death of John Jackson Clerk, the late Incumbent, Salvo, the said 
Mr. Maleverer taking the National Covenant, and producing his 
Presentation thereunto under the Hand and Seal of Jo. Hutton 
Esquire, the lawful Patron, pleno Jure.' 

Joseph Bousfield, 1646. 

This name is not given in Nicolson and Burn, but the 
Westmorland Certificate of 1646 has " Mr. Joseph Bous- 
fell ministr of Crosby Garratt." ^ In addition we have 
the following : — 

Nov. 21. 1646. 
Crosby Garret Refer Joseph Bousfeild Ministr to ye Assembly for 
ye Church of Crosby Garrett Com Westm.3 

He was the son of Thomas Bousfield,* Rector of Win- 
dermere; was born at Killington near Sedbergh; received 
his early education at Sedbergh Grammar School, and, in 
1631, at the age of 19 years as a Knewstubb Exhibitioner 
and Lupton Scholar ^ entered St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge. The Registers give the baptism of a son, Joseph, 
(on June 21, 1646; also the burial of his wife " Mabell " on 

1. L.J., vol. viii, p. 711. 
I 2. Vide p. 110. 
Ila Bodl. MS., 324. 

4. Vide p. 1037. 

5. Sedbergh School Register, p. 74. 

I094 The Ejected of 1662 

June 26tli of the same year. The following document 
refers to his approval by the Commissioners : — 
Grosby Garrett. Mali 19. 1647. 

Whereas the Rectorie of the pish Church of Crosbye Garrett in the 
Countie of Westmerland is & Standeth sequestered from Edmund 
Mauleverer by the Cotee of pliamt for the sd Countie It is ordered 
that the sd Rectorie shall stand sequestred from henceforth to the use 
of Joseph Bousfield a godlie & orthodox divine & yt he doe forthwth 
officiate the Cure of the sd Church as Rector & preach &c. & to 
certifie the same & what triale they have of his guifts and abilities 
pticularlie. ' 

How long Joseph Bousfield remained here has not been 
ascertained. The Bousfields, however, appear numerous 
in these parts, the Ravenstonedale Registers, in particular, 
containing several entries relating to the family. 

Christopher Jackson, B.A., 1657 — 1660. 

Calamy gives the following account of this interesting 

man, retaining the old name of Crosby-on-the-Hill for 

Crosby Garrett : — 

Mr. Christopher Jackson. Bom at Leeds in Yorkshire, and design'd 
for a Trade, and put out an Apprentice : But his Friends observing 
his Bookishness, took him from his Trade, and sent him to Magdalen 
College in Cambridge, where he studied under Mr. Joseph Hill. He 
was a very Pious Majn, and of competent Learning, He was first 
turn'd out somewhere in Yorkshire, and afterwards in this Place. He 
liv'd a Mean but yet an Holy Life having a little Estate in the Parish 
of Ravistondale. He sometimes preach'd occasionally. Some Ministers 
that had Conform'd once telling him that he had a bare Coat, he 
made Answer that if it was bare, it was not turn'd.^ 

Further research makes it possible to supplement that 
account considerably. The Tutor of Magdalen College in 
supplying an extract from the Matriculation Register 
says : — 

"Junii 22. 1652 Christopherus Jackson filius Thomae de Leedes in 
comitatu Eboracensi annum agens vigesimum primum e schola ibidem 
Leodiensi admissus est Pensionarius Tutore Mro. Hill." There is 
however no further trace of his having been admitted to a Scholarship 
or Fellowship at Magdalen. The University Registrar informs me 
that a Christopher Jackson of Magdalen College took his B.A. in 
1655, but does not appear to have proceeded to any higher degree. 3 

1. Add. MSS., Brit. Mus., 15671. 

2. Calamy, vol. ii, p. 753. 

3. Ravenstonedale Registers, vol. iii, Intro., p. xvii. 

Crosby Garrett 109 5 

All this is confirmatory of Calamy; but there is some 
difficulty in reference to the statement that he " was first 
turn'd out somewhere in Yorkshire." It is quite true 
that the position of any holder of a living — Royalist and 
Cromwellian alike — was considerably affected by local 
influences, consequently an Ejection of a Commonwealth 
man was possible, but it would be exceedingly rare 
between the years 1650 and 1660 ; and the reader is 
referred to the account of Dalston where the point is 
discussed.^ It is curious to find about this time a Chris- 
topher Jackson at Mallerstang Chapel as witness the 
following : — 

Novembr 21. 1646. 
Malerstang Chapel. 

Whereas this cotee have the third of June last ordered that the 
yearelie sume of ffiftie pounds should be paid out of such of the tithes 
of the Impropriate Rectory of Kerkby Stepheai in the Countie of 
Westmerland as are Sequestred from Sr Phillipp Musgrave & Sr Wm. 
Dalston Delinquents to & for increase of ye maintennoe of the 
Minister of the Chappell of Malerstange annexed to but distant from 
the Church of Kerkby Stephen aforesaid about 4 miles the pnte 
maintennce belonging to the sd Chappell beinge but 61i 13^s 4d p Ann 
It is ordered that the sd yearlie Sume of 501i be paid to & for increase 
of the maintennce of Christopher Jackson the psnte Minister of the. 
sd Chappell. And the Sequestrators of the pmisses are required to 
paie the same unto him accordinglie at such tymes & seasons of the 
yeare as the said tithes shall grow due & payable. 2 

Francis Higginson, in his letter to Lord Wharton about 
1655, says that this Christopher Jackson had left Maller- 
stang for Grayrigg.^ 

In October 1657, Christopher Jackson appears at Crosby 
Garrett. * Nor did he wait for 1662 to be "outed," as is 
generally assumed ; but, as in the case of most of the 
other Ministers ejected in this area, the Restoration led 
to his almost immediate removal. The patronage of the 
living, held by Cromwell during his regime, would, with 
the return of the King, at once revert to Sir Philip Mus- 


Vide p. 244. 


Bodl. MS., 323. 


Vide p. 1083. 


Vide Appendix ii, p. 1304 

1096 The Ejected of 1662 

grave, from whom it had been wrested, and he would not 
be slow in making his influence felt. At any rate we 
know that Mauleverer was already back at Crosby Garrett 
in June 1661. Around no person does local tradition 
gather more strongly and persistently than it does around 
Christopher Jackson, His name is almost a household 
word in these parts ; and all writers on local Ecclesiastical 
History repeat Calamy's statement, amplified and empha- 
sized, that after his Ejection he continued to reside in 
the Parish on his own estate and " preach'd occasionally." 
It is also confidently affirmed that the present Congrega- 
tional Church at Ravenstonedale originated in his labours. 
It is a little disappointing to find no historic evidence in 
support of this. Christopher Jackson's name does not 
appear in the Conventicle Returns for 1669 ; in the Pre- 
sentment Lists for 1670; or in the Indulgence Licenses 
for 1672. It is not intended in this to throw doubt upon 
the traditions which gather so plentifully, and in such 
strength, in this neighbourhood; indeed it is scarcely 
possible to deny that such traditions must have a solid 
substratum of fact. Nor is it difficult to account for the 
silence of historic documents. Christopher Jackson would 
enjoy the sheltering care of Philip, " the good Lord 
Wharton," and in his case a License might not be neces- 
sary. At any rate all that it is intended to make clear is 
that this is tradition only; not historic fact. That 
Christopher Jackson continued to live in the neighbour- 
hood is tolerably certain ; and " when and where he died " 
are no longer "unknown" facts. ^ The Registers supply 
the lacking information : — 

1689 May 29 Mr. Christopher Jackson buried in woolen according 
to Act of Parliament.^ 

1. Vide Trans. Cong. Hist. Soc. for 1907, p. 92. 

2. This Act, which came into force, March 25. 1667, was professedly 
"for the encouragement of the woollen manufactures and prevention of 
the exportation of moneys for the buying and importing of linen." It 
enacted that no person should be buried in "any shirt, shift or sheete, 
other than should be made of wooU onely," and its provisions eveai said 
that the "quilting round the inside of the coffin, and the ligature round 
the feet of the corpse were required to be of woollen." Frequent dis- 

Crosby Garreft 1097 

The Eavenstonedale Registers record his marriage in the 
following terms : — 

1664 Aprill 7. was wed Mr. Christofer Jackson & Annas Taylor. 

A notice possibly of her burial appears in the Crosby 
Garrett Registers thus : — 

1688 Janu. 17th. Agnes Jackson was buried in woollen and a 
Certificate brought according to Act of Parliamt. 

The Registers at Great Asby contain niimerous Jackson 
entries, and some years ago Joseph Jackson, a native of 
Little Asby, left a sum of money for the erection of the 
present Congregational Church there, in memory of the 
Ejected Minister, from whom he claimed to have de- 
scended. The Ravenstonedale Registers also record the 
marriage of a " Christofer Jackson and Sarah Handley," 
on Nov. 25, 1647. 

Edmund Mauleveeer, 1660 — 1663. 

Along with many others he petitioned the House of 
Lords in June 1660, for restitution to his living at Crosby 
Garrett, the following being the terms of his Petition : - - 

To the right honorble the Lords in Parliamt assembled. 

The humble Peticon of Edm Mauleverer CI. p'sosn and minister 
of Crosby Gerratt in the County of Westmland. 

That ye petnr for these silxteene yeares last past hath beene most 
illegally ejected and Thurst out of his psonage of Crosbye Gerratt in 
the County of Westmland and from the exercise of his Ministerial! 
duty there onely for his Loyalty and good effecon to his matie. 

May it therefore please yor Lordpps to Grant yor ORDER for the 
secureing of the Tythes Gleabes and pfitts thereof into the hands of 
such persons as yor Lordpps shall thinke fitt ujitill yor petnr's tytle 
to his said psonage shall be determined by due Course of Law 
And he shall pray &c. 
Edm. Maulever. 

obedience of the law led to a more stringent Act in 1678 which required 
the "clergy to make the entry in the register that an affidavit had been 
brought to them within eight days after the burial, certifying that the 
requirements of the law had been fulfilled" (Parish Registers by Chester 
Waters, p. 19). The law was only finally repealed in 1814, though it 
had long previously falleoi into disuse. 

1098 The 'Ejected of 1662 

I can Testifie The trueth of this petition for the petitioner was 
presented by Mee and forcebly eiected for his Loyalty to his Maty 
And is a conscientious worthy Devine 

Philip Musgraue 

Sr. Phil. Musgraue of Edenhall, Barrt. 

On the outside of the document, in another hand, is the 
following : — 

23 of Junij 1660 Mr. Edm. Mauleverer Gierke his peticon Exd.^ 

Along with George Buchanan he was elected Clerk of 
Convocation on June 8, 1661, ^ being styled E-ector of 
Crosby Garrett. In 1662 the Episcopal Register names 
him as a Commissioner. On Oct, 22nd, 1663, he volun- 
tarily surrendered his living at Crosby Garrett to Bishop 
Sterne, probably owing to advancing years. 

Thomas Denton, B.A., 1663—1702. 

He was instituted to Crosby Garrett on Nov. 13th, 1663, 
on a Presentation by " Phil Musgrave Baro," and had 
previously been at Edenhall and Brigham.^ He held the 
living until his death. He compounded for his First 
Fruits in 1666. His burial is thus recorded in the 
Registers : — 

1702 May 10 Mr. Thomas Denton Buried in woolen who was Rector 
of Crosby Garrett 39 years And Dyed the 70th year of his age. 

Bishop Nicolson, writing in 1703, says : — 

Both ye Quire and parsonage House were left in a Slovenly Condi- 
tion by the late Incumbent Mr. Tho. Denton . . . Register Book 
begins at 1559 and has been neatly enough preserv'd . . . The 
Parsonage-House owes its best part (ye west End) to Mr. Mauleverer, 
who was Mr Denton's immediate predecessour : But so little care has 
been taken of it since, yt this seems to be now in almost as wretched 
a Condition as the rest They have a good poor-Stock, and no 

1. House of Lords' Library : H.M.C., Seventh Report, Pt. i, p. 107. 

2. The Episcopal Register at Carlisle. 

3. Vide pp. 443, 753. 

4. Miscel., p. 41. 

Crosby Garrett 


Thomas Denton had a large family, the names of the 
following children appearing in the list of baptisms : — 

1664 June 23 Mary. 
1666 Juine 28 Anne. 
1668 Aprill 9 Christopher, l 
1669-70 March 3 Elizabeth. 

1671 November 16 Julian. [This was the name of his wife.] Buried 
Sep. 9. 1682. 

1672 August, Richard. 

1675 November 18 Margaret. 

1678 May 3 Barbary. Buried 1687 May 24. 

1680 Jan. 13 John. 

1683 May 13 Julian. 

1. Christopher Denton became Rector of Gosforth (vide p. 840). 


This is a very considerable village some four and a half 
miles south west of Kirkby Stephen. It lies under the 
shadow of Wild Boar Fell and Pendragon Castle. Not 
far distant is Wharton Hall, the home of the Wharton 
family, a fact which in large measure accounts for the 
particular cast of religious life in this neighbourhood 
during the period with which we are concerned. The 
Church, dedicated to St. Oswald, is of ancient origin, 
though the present building does not date beyond 1744. 
An interesting feature of the interior is the pulpit, a 
" three decker," in excellent condition, common enough 
in Nonconformist buildings of that period, but not fre- 
quently found in Episcopal Churches. The Hegisters 
begin in 1571. They have been carefully transcribed and 
published by the late Vicar, the Rev. R. W. Metcalfe, 
M.A., who took much interest in matters of this kind. 
With reference to the first volume Mr. Metcalfe in his 
Introduction says : — 

A long narrow volume, measuring 15^ by 7^ inches and cooitaining 
186 pages of parchment rudely bound together, forms the earliest 
"Eegister Booke of ye Church of Rayvinstondall." Like most of its 
kind it has suffered from neglect and ill-usage, which have combined 
to render portions almost illegible. The last pages, in particular, 
recording the Burials from 1648 to 1655, are so much discoloured from 
the effects of damp or some other cause as to add considerably to a 
transcriber's difficulties. ^ 

The first four pages are occupied with baptisms from 
December 1571 to February 1576-7. At the bottom of this 
4th page is the following : — 

These ar all the Xpestneyngs that Cowld be found in the Church 
of Rayvinstondall before the xiith of Maye Ano 1577 whare the booke 
begineth heare in the next leaft'. 

1. The Ravenstonedale Parish Registers, vol. i, Intro., p. v. 

Ravenstonedale 1 1 c i 

The County Histories are quite useless for our purpose 
here, Nicolson and Burn dismissing the Church with a 
sentence, and Whellan incorrectly dating the Eegisters 
from 1570, whilst he supplies the most meagre list of 
Incumbents. The following is the list, in so far as it 
concerns our period : — 

Robert Calvert in 1594. 

This name is suggested merely as a probability, the 
evidence for it in the Registers not being decisive. 
Among the " Christneings" for 1594 appears the follow- 

Apprell 21 was bap. Edmond sonn of mr. Robartt Calvertt. 
The " Mr." was invariably applied to a Minister, or to a 
person of high social position, and in these Registers, in 
particular, it seems to have been deemed sufficient as a 
description of the Minister. This is the way in which 
Thomas Dodson, of whom more presently, is repeatedly 
marked out. 

Richard Benson, 1619—1622. 

On the same principle is this name inserted, the follow- 
ing entries relating to him being extracted from the 
Registers : — 

Chrestneings 1619-1620 Janewary 9 was bap hannay daw to mr. 

1620—1 March 22 was bap. Josya sonn to mr. Benson, hie meum 
nomen est. 

1623 March 28. was bap. Isack sonn to Mr. Richard benson. 

Thomas Dodsox, 1628—1673. 

Thomas Dodson, who always spells his name without 
the " g," being then " literatus," was ordained Deacon 
May 23, 1624, but his first appearance in the Registers is 
in 1628; and it will be noted that he has only the simple 
" mr." just as Robert Calvert and Richard Benson had. 
The significance of this will, perhaps, be more apparent 
if at this point are given the Dodson entries as they occur 
in the Registers : — 

Chrisnings 1628 the same day [Nov. 23] was baptized Grace 
dowghtr to Mr Dodson. 

May 26. 1630 was baptised John sonn to mr. dodson. 

II02 The Ejected of 1662 

Decern 24. 1634 was bap. Marye daughter to mr. dodson. 

1658 July 3 was bap. Grace daughter to Johnathan dodson. 

1660-1 Feby. 19 was bap. George sonn to Johnathan dodson. 

1662 Novembr 2 was bap. George sonn to Johnathan dodso. 

1656 July 25. was wed Eobart Shawe And Mary dodson at Kendall 
by Mr. Archer. 

1654 [month illegible but between Aug. and Dec.] 16 was buried 
John Sonne to Mr. Dodson. 

1661 Sept. 4. was buried G«orge dodson. 

1668-9 ffebruary 25 was buried Jonathan Dodson. 

1669 Decembr 29. was Buryed Sara dodson. 

1672-3 Jan. 22 was buryed mter Thomas Dodson. 

1672 Aprill 18 was maried William Holme of Witherslack and 
Cattrin Dodson of this parish. 

1676 May 24. Was Buried mrtris mary wife to Mrter Thomas 

Jonathan Dodson was Thomas Dodson's son, and in the 
Records of " ye four and twenty " we get the following : — 

We doe constitute and make Jonathan Dodson our Register during 
Pleasure, having special Confidence in mr. Thomas Dodson his father 
and our minister that he will see him keepe the same in good order. 

In the Westmorland Certificate for 1646 Thomas Dodson 
appears as " ministr of Ravenstonedale " ; ^ and his Aug- 
mentation and approval by the Cromwellian Commis- 
sioners are referred to in the following documents : — 

Westmerland. Att ye Comittee for plundered Ministers 21 January 

Anno 1645. 

Resolved that ye yearely rent of Twentie pounds therteene shillinges 
and fower pence reserved to ye deane & Chapter of Carlisle out of ye 
demesne of Cowly Lathes and cf ye tythes of Cowly and of one & 
Twenty pounds one Shillinge & eight pence reserved to ye sd deane 
and Chapter out of ye Tythes and severall Lands of and in ye towne 
of Morland & is 13li 6s 8d reserved unto ye sd deane and Chapter 
for severall lands in Bolton & Newby beinge in all Seaven and forty 
pounds one Shillinge and eight pence bee by ye Comtee of ye 
Sequestracons payd yearely and from tyme to tyme as ye sd sumes 
become respectively payable unto Thomas Dodson Minister of Russen- 
dall his psent maintenance being but 201i p ann. and that &c as passed 
by ye Comtee. 2 

1. Vide p. 110. 

2. Bodl. MS., 322. 

Ravenstonedale 1 1 03 

New Castle 

upon Tine July 2. 1651. 

Ravenstonedale. Ordered that ye yearely Sume of forty poundes 
shall bee allowed to Mr. Thomas Dodson Minr of Ravenston- 
dale in ye County of Westmorland his prsent pfits being very small ; 
And yt ye Trear of ye County doe make paymt of ye same from time 
to time every halfe yeare accordingly. 

Art. Hesilrigge Ralph Delaune Wm ffenwick Wm Shafto Tho. 
Craister Hen. Ogle Tho. Bonner Roger Bateman Jo. Ogle Rich. 
Branthwaite Ger. Benson Jo. Archer. 

Exd. Anth. Parsons.' 

. Ravenstcmdale. ffebr 15. 1654. 

Whereas ye Comrs for propagating ye Gospell in ye fower Northerne 
Counties of Northumberland Cumberland Westmerland and Durham 
by their order of ye 2d of July 1651 Graunted ye yearely sume of 
forty poundes to Mr. Thomas Dodson Minister of Ravenstondale in 
ye County of Westmland It is Ordered yt ye said yearely Sume of 
forty poundes be & ye same is hereby Continued to ye said Mr. Dodson 
Minister of Ravenstondale aforesaid (approved &c) for such time as 
he shall discharge ye duty of ye Minister of ye said place or till 
further order of ye said Trustees ye same to be accompted from ye 
time of his last receipt. And Mr. Edmund Branthwaite Recievr is 
hereby appointed and Authorized to pay the same unto him from time 
to time out of the Revenues within his receipt. 

Jo. Thorowgood Edw. Cressett Edw. Hopkins Jo. Humfrey Ra 
Hall. 2 

Ravenstondale. The Comrs appointed by An Ordinance &c In 
pursuance of the said Ordr approve of Mr. Thomas Dodson of 
Ravenstondale in ye County of Westmerland to bee a person qualified 
to preach the Gospell &c In testimony whereof they have Caused this 
Approbacon to be entered and signed by the Register thereunto 

Dated at Whitehall ye 23rd day of ffebr. 1654. 3 

The Lord of the Manor of Ravenstonedale had among 
other rights that of Probate of Wills and granting of 
Letters of Administration ; and Philip, Lord Wharton, 
appointed as his deputy in this matter the A'icar of the 
Church. In connection with the Will of Pichard Fawcet, 
bearing date March 5th, 1661, we get the following: — 

This present Will and Testament of Richard ffawcet was proved 
and approved according to the custome of the Manner of Ravenstone- 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1006. 

2. Ihid., 972. 

3. Ihid., 968. 

1 104 The Ejected of 1662 

dale by and before me Thomas Dodson Clarke, and Officiall to the 
right Honourable Phillipp Lord Wharton and to the sayd petition 
lawfully deputed. Dated the twenty-eighth day of march in the yeare 
one thousand six hundred sixty and two. 

Thomas Dodson. 

From the Parish Book also the following is extracted : — 

Be it known unto all men by these presents that whereas William 
Chamberlain in his last will and testament did give his tenement unto 
Stephen Chamberlain and bequeathed out of the same the svun of sixty 
pounds towards the maintenance of the miaiister, or else so much 
ground as shall be thought convenient in lieu thereof the said Stephen 
Chamberlain and Mr. Thos. Dodson minister of Ravenstonedale with 
the general consent of the Parish did refer the same unto the 
coaisideration and determination of us whose names are underwritten, 
who have done as foUoweth — Viz — that Air. Dodson during the time 
of his ministry in Ravenstonedale and his lawful successors in the 
said ministry during the time of their abode shall have or enjoy to 
his or their use a<nd behalf three parcels of land in haber [now howber 
or Hober] containing by estimation two acres and half a rood be it 
more or less and one parcel in Mufflegill containing half an acre be it 
more or less, and that the said Thomas Dodson shall pay the yearly 
rent yearly to the said Lord of the premisses and that he the said 
Mr. Thomas Dodson shall be admitted and his lawfuU successors 
tennants of the same for their right abode in the ministry of Raven- 
stonedale but not otherwise . and that our order shall be as fully 
confirmed and established as shall be lawfully devised, advised or 
required by both or either of the said parties according to the true 
intent and meaning hereof. In witness whereof we the said Arbi- 
trators have subscribed our names the 5th day of September in the 
year of our Lord God 1650. The rent for the ground above named 
is agreed by us to be two Shillings. 

Richard Branthwaite Henry Finder 

William ffothergill James Parkin 

James Fawcet Thomas Green 

Richard ffothergill Richard ffothergill 

George ffawoett. Edward Adamthwaite. 
Simon Alderson 

I do allow devise by will so farr as tis agreable to the custom of 
the Mannor of Ravenstonedale at the Court holden Aprill the 16th 

(here it is presmned the parish had intended to have got the Lord's 
or his Steward's hand in confirmation of ye above written devise in 
which they appear to have been disappointed for bnything that 


1 105 

The 30th of Aug. 1664. We the Grand Jury being called about one 
rood of ground being retained from the minister as ordered in the 
order within written, we the Jury do confirm that order aind that 
Stephen Chamberlain shall yeild possession to Mr. Dodson for his 
time being and so to him which shall be minister hereafter and that 
Stephen Chamberlain shall give possession to Mr. Thos. Dodson at 
All Saints next ensuing and to this order we subscribe our names : 

Richard ffothergill William Robinson 

Thomas Parkin Simon Bousfield 

John Alderson Philip Bousfield 

John ffawcet William ffothergill 

Stepheai Dent William Ffawcet 

James ffawcet Richard Robinson.' 

These dates have a most suggestive story to tell. It is 
generally assumed that Thomas Dodson was ejected by 
the Act of Uniformity; but that he subsequently con- 
formed. Calamy places him in his list of those who 
conformed " afterwards," and the late Bryan Dale ^ says : 

In Westmorland there was little need of his [Lord Wharton's] 
assistance ; for most of the ministers under the Protectorate, like 
Thomas Dodson of Ravenstonedale, Francis Higgi.nson, of Kirkby 
Stephen (presented by Lord Wharton in 1654)' and John Dalton of 
Shap, fell in with the terms imposed- by the Act of Uniformity.^ 

Again he writes : — 

Unwilling to comply with the Act of Uniformity, Dodgson was 
ejected from the living, but under the pressure put upon him by the 
gentry of the neighbourhood afterwards conformed (1664) aaid con- 
tinued at Ravenstonedale till his death in 1673. » 

These statements are based upon a passage in Palmer's 
Edition of Calamy which certainly seems decisive; and 
the passage is of very considerable importance in other 
respects : — 

The following remarks are taken from an original MS. in the ha/nds 
of a gentleman in the County of Westmoreland, which bears date 1669. 
In mentioning that unhappy year 1662, he says as follows : — "We 
have in Westmorland perhaps fewer clergy who have been deprived of 

1. From MSS. in the possession of the late Mr. Metcalfe. 

2. He gives 1634 as the year of Dodson's Presentation to Ravenstone- 
dale, on what authority he does not indicate ; but it is an error. 

3. A mistake by several years (vide p. 1075). 

4. The Good Lord Wharton, p. 85. 

5. Ihid., p. 96. 

iio6 The Ejected of 1662 

their livings than most other Counties in England ; not because they 
favoured Efiscopacy ; for they did not ; but on different motives they 
have mostly conformed. The gentry have exerted themselves to the 
utmost in their respective neighbourhoods, to prevent Nonconformity. 
The most active in this matter are as follows : In the East Ward, 
the Countess of Dorset, Pembroke and Montgomery who constantly 
resides here being three months at each of her castles : viz. the Spring 
at Brough ; the Summer at Pendragon ; the Autumn at Brougham ; 
and the Winter at Appleby. She diffuses her charity where it is 
wanted and has great influence amongst the Clergy. Also the Mus- 
graves of Hartley Castle ; the Dents of Helbeck Hall ; the Dalstons 
of Smardall Hill ; the Sandfords of Ormside and Hougill Castles have 
all endeavoured to prevent Nonconformity. In the West Ward the 
following nobility ajid gentry are exerting themselves in favour of 
Episcopacy : viz. Lord Clifford at Ashby ; the Nevisons at Newby ; 
the Thwaites at Naddle ; the Tathams at Askam ; and the Flemmings 
at Crosby. In Kendal Ward the Flemmings at Rydall; the Phillip- 
sons of Ambleside ; the Stricklands of Syzergh (who are papists) ; the 
Behnghams of Levens; the Willsons of Dalham Tower &c. In 
Lonsdale Ward the Wilsons of Casterton ; the Mydeltons of Middleton 
Hall; the Otways and the Brathwaites are all exerting themselves. 
After such united force, we cannot expect the Dissenters to be much 
encouraged. Conformity is not by choice but by constraint. Mr. 
Francis Higginson of Kirkby Stephen ; Mr. John DdLton of Shap ; Mr. 
Thomas Dodgson of Ravenstonedale are all conformed and the 
generality of my acquaintance think much against their inclination." ' 

That is exceedingly strong testimony, especially as coming 
from one who was actually a contemporary, and yet it may 
be seriously questioned whether the word " conformed " 
can be appropriately applied to Thomas Dodson. Cer- 
tainly he does not seem to have been ejected, and the 
document just cited does not say that he was. The dates 
above given show a continuous ministry until his death. 
It should be remembered that the benefice was the gift of 
Lord Wharton, who in the early part of the Civil War 
was a prominent Parliamentary leader, a devoted sup- 
porter of the Puritans, and afterwards the patron of 
Nonconformity in these parts. There is no evidence 
whatever of Dodson's submission, and of his subscription to 
the thirty nine Articles. His case differs quite from that of 
Francis Higginson. It is possible that in forms of worship 
Thomas Dodson made some changes to meet the scruples 
1. Non. Mem., Preface, vol. iii, pp. iv, v. 

Ravenstonedale 1107 

of some of his parishioners; but the Restoration and the 
Uniformity Act seem to have made little difference to him, 
sheltered, as he was, by the powerful personality of Lord 
Wharton. This receives strong confirmation in what 
follows relating to Anthony Procter, his immediate 
successor. Thomas Dodson died in Jan. 1672-3. 

Anthony Procter, M.A., 1673 — 1689. 

He was the son of Thomas Procter of Linton-in-Craven, 
and went from Sedbergh School to Magdalen College, 
Cambridge, in 1641, at the age of 20 years,^ where he 
graduated M.A. In reference to him Mr. Metcalfe says : 

The Masham Regist€r says that in 1651 " Mr. Anthony Prockter waa 
curate under Mr. Christopher Lancaster, who had obtruded himself 
into the Living (to the exclusion of the Revd. Benjamin Brown, the 
rightful Vicar) July 12. 1649." In the year following, Lancaster left 
Masham and Kirkby Malzeard and Procter " intruded under the hand 
and seall from Mr. Brown, vicar of Kirkby " with the consent of the 
" fower and twentye. ' In 1655 " Mr. Prockter did leave Masham and 
goe to the Vicaridge of Well " an adjacent parish. In the Well 
Register he is described as a " Nonconformist," and is stated to have 
been " dispossessed ' in 1662, when Wm. Stead a previous vicar was 
"restored by the Bartholomew Act."^ 

Anthony Procter appears as a recipient from the Annual 
Tenths in Augmentation of his salary thus: — "Anthony 
Procter of Well (6 months to 1658 Dec. 25) £10 0." ^ 
After his Ejection he remained in that neighbourhood, 
and, on the Declaration of Indulgence in 1672, he took out 
his License thus : — 

Nov. 20. Licence to Anthony Procter Mr. of Arts of Kirby 
Massard in the co of York presbyterian. 

Eight months after this he was appointed to Ravenstone- 
dale by Lord Wharton, as witness the following : — 

Know all men by these prsents that I Philip Lord Wharton Baron 
of Wharton in the Co of Wstd do hereby constitute and appoint 
Anthony proctar Clerke to be curate of the Church of Ravenstonedale 
in the sd Co of Westd and to officiate there and to Take and make 
Probat of Wills and exercise all rights and jurisdictions and ta 

1. Sedbergh School Reg., p. 83. 

2. Ravenstonedale Registers, vol. iii, Intro., p. vi. 

3. Shaw's Hist. Eng. Ch., vol. ii, p. 599. 

iio8 The Ejected of 1662 

Receive all profitts of the Curate or Curacy there belonging during my 
pleasure. Given undr hand and seal at toun The 24 day of June in 
the 25 yer of the Reigne of our Sovrgn Lord Charles 2 by the grace of 
God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King Defendr of the 

Anno domi 1673 
P. Wharton. 1 

*^ In a very old book of accounts at Masham Churcli," 
continues Mr. Metcalfe, "certain sums (6d., 2s. and Is. 3d.) 
are stated to have been spent 'in charges when Mr. 
Procter preach't' there in 1673, 1675, and 1676 respec- 
tively. From this Procter seems to have occasionally 
visited the scene of his former labours after he became 
Minister at Eavenstonedale." ^ In connection with 
Richard Fawcet's Will, Anthony Procter makes the follow- 
ing statement : — 

Collacone facta fideli vicesimo sexto die mensis Augusti Anno Dom. 
Millimo sexcentimo septuagimo quinto concordat Hac copia una cum 
Original! tunc remanend. cum quodam Johanne ffawcet utpote hujus 
testatoris modo de newbigin Examinato per me Anthon Prockter 
Officialem presentem et Notar Publicum. 3 

The Chester Visitation Book states that Procter was 
ordained Deacon and Priest Dec. 24, 1671, by the Bishop 
of Chester, and that on Sept. 19, 1673, he obtained a 
faculty for preaching through the whole province of York. 
This date would appear to mark the time of his conformity 
or semi-conformity. Bishop Nicolson in the following 
passage, written in 1703, refers to a curious custom in 
which Procter was the principal figure: — 

In the dayes of Mr. A. Proctour (who was a great many years 
Curate here and is now Rector of Dean, in Cumberland) , this Bell used 
to be rung in ye Conclusion of ye Nicene Creed; to call in the 
Dissenters to Sermon, l 

In 1689/90 he removed to Dean where further information 

will be found. ^ 

1. Machell MSS., vol. iii, pp. 305-6 (Dean and Chapter Library, 

2. Ravenstonedale Parish Registers, &c., vol. iii, Intro., p. vi. 

3. MS. in possession of Mr. Metcalfe. 

4. Miscel. Accounts, &c., p. 42. 

5. Vide p. 767. 

Ravenstonedale 1 1 09 

The case of Anthony Procter is by no means clear being 
complicated by the presence of others of that name. The 
Episcopal Register at Carlisle gives Anthony Procter 
ordained Priest March 16, 1678-9, and he is described 
as from " Dimelm." "Another Anthony Procter, A.B.," 
writes Mr. Metcalfe, " is mentioned in the Episcopal 
Register as having been licensed to the Ky. Stephen Free 
Grammar School 29 May, 1691; ordained deacon Feb. 
1691-2, priest 24 Dec, 1693, and licensed to Greystoke." 
This was doubtless the person of that name whose mar- 
riage is referred to in the following from the Kirkby 
Stephen Parish Registers : — 

1702 June 4 wedd Mr. Anthony procter and Mrs. Mary Solly with 

a Licence. 

The following also relates to a person of this name at 
Arkholme : — 

March 12. 1677. 

Archolme par Mailing 
Against Anthony Procter Curate there not licensed He appeared 
and showed his lie. obtained from the Bp 3rd August last. 
Dismissed 2s 6d.' 

It has to be admitted that the exact position of Thomas 
Dodson and Anthony Procter is not easily defined. The 
evidence seems to show that they were far from being 
Conformists in the ordinary sense of the word; and yet 
they were scarcely Nonconformists as usually understood. 
Probably, as in many another case, under the protection of 
the Wharton influence they were left free to act as they 
thought best, and eventually adopted a very modified 
Episcopacy. This would in part explain the ringing of 
the bell for Dissenters to come to the sermon. Clearly an 
attempt was made to meet the needs of both parties in the 
Parish, though the attempt did not succeed sufficiently to 
prevent Dissent from appearing and obtaining permanent 
foothold there, and that too with the sanction of Lord 
Wharton himself. 

1. Presentments in Chester Diocese (Chester Registry). 

mo The Ejected of 1662 

Thomas Huntee, 1691. 

He was licensed Curate here on June 2, 1691, and 
removed to Croglin August 2 the same year, on the death 
of George Sanderson.^ A person of this name appears as 
Vicar of Ulverston from 1662 to 1685. Baines gives the 
latter as the year of his death,^ but there is no entry of 
his burial in the Ulverston Registers. The Crosby Garett 
E,egisters also note the burial of Hannah, daughter of 
"Mr. Thomas Hunter,' on March 16, 1681. 

Arthur Tempest, B.A., 1692. 

He was licensed Curate May 23, 1692. 

John Wright, B.A., 1693-4. 

He was licensed Curate February 7, 1693-4. 

John Dalton, B.A., 1697—1705. 

He was the son of Henry Dalton of Shap ; matriculated 
at Queen's College, Oxford, October 10, 1692, aged 16; 
graduated B.A. from St. Edmund Hall, March 22, 
1696-7;^ was ordained Deacon, December 22, 1695, and 
licensed Curate of Appleby, became Priest, May 20, 1697, 
being licensed May 31 of that year as Curate of Haven- 
stonedale ; and in 1705 he removed to Dean, succeeding 
Anthony Procter there. He became Rector of Distington 
in 1712.4 

1. Vide p. 416. 

2. Hist, of Lane. [Croston's Ed.], vol. v, p. 603. 

3. Al. Ox. 

4. Vide pp. 768, 804. 


Great Asby is so called to distinguish it from Little Asby an 
adjoining village, though frequently it appears as Asby only. 
It lies about midway between Appleby and Crosby Garrett, 
somewhat to the west. All traces of an ancient Chapel at 
Little Asby, in existence in the early part of the 18th 
Century, have disappeared. The population is so scanty 
that two Churches so near to each other are unnecessary. 
The Church at Great Asby is dedicated to St. Peter; and 
its Registers begin in 1657. They are in a good state of 
preservation, and easily read. They were transcribed and 
published some little time ago; but they are not well 
done, the vicious plan of alphabetical arrangement having 
been adopted. The following is the list of Incumbents : 

Thomas Fairfax, M.A., B.D., 1578—1593. 

He removed from Asby to Caldbeck. Foster gives 
Anthony Fairfax as his sixth son, who matriculated 
Queen's College, Oxford, November 21, 1628, at the age of 
20 years. ^ 

Oswald Dykes, 1593. 

A person of this name was at Distington in 1568. ^ 

Gerard Hudson, 1607. 

This is on the authority of Foster, who says that he was 
" of Westmorland, Cler. fil. Queen's College, matric. May 
7, 1602, aged 18; rector of Asby, Westmorland, 1607." ^ 

Lancelot Dawes, M.A., D.D., 1617—1653. 

He was instituted February 19, 1617, on a Presentation 
from the King. Born at Barton , near Penrith, he 
matriculated. Queen's College, Oxford, October 14, 1597, 
at the age of 17 years; graduated B.A. June 30, 1602, and 
M.A. June 6, 1605; and received the St. Andrew's .D.D. 

1. Vide p. 547 ; also Al. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 799. 

3. Al. Ox. 


1 1 1 2 The Ejected of 1662 

about 1618.^ He became Canon of Carlisle in 1618, and 
in addition to Asby, beld the living at Barton. In the 
Westmorland Certificate for 1646 he is given as " Ministr 
of Bartow [Barton], and Parson of Asby, a pluralist, and 
Mr. Thomas ffawcett, curate of Asby." ^ It would appear 
that he resided at Barton. His death occurred in Feb., 
1653, and he was buried under the Communion Table in 
the Chancel of Barton Church. A sermon by him, 
preached at St. Paul's Cross, June 25, 1609, on " God's 
Mercies and Jerusalem's Miseries," is in Queen's College 
Library. It is dedicated to Henry Robinson, Bishop of 
Carlisle. In the Rydal Hall Library also, are several 
sermons preached by him and printed in 1652. His son, 
Lancelot, who also graduated M.A. at Queen's College, 
Oxford, was buried near his father May 9, 1655. 

Thomas Fawcett, 1654 (?)— 1661. 

A person of this name, being " literatus," was ordained 
Deacon May 23, 1624. It has already been intimated that 
Thomas Fawcett was acting as Curate here in 1646 under 
Dr. Dawes ; and it would appear that on the death of the 
latter he received Institution to the living. The following 
testifies to this fact : — 

Asby in Com. 


Mr. Thomas ffawcett — Admitted the 29th day of July to ye 

Rectory of Great Asby of Westmerland Upon a pres. exhibited 

the 12th day of June 1657 And Certificates from Tho. Wilsonn 

Tho. Dodson of Ravenstondale John Smith of Kerby Lonsdale 

Hen. Ashburne of Middleton.' 

In 1658 he compounded for his First Fruits : — 
ffebruary 1858-9. 
Westmerland. Bound Thomas Smith of Covent garden 
R. Ashby. Middx. Taylor, and Edmund Adamson of 

Dunstans in ye West Lond. gent, 
ffor Thomas ffawcet cl. 
In hand xxili 

fiirst Nov : 1659." vjs 

1. Al. Ox. and "The Flemings in Oxford," p. 340, note 1. 

2. Vide pp. 110, 1224. 

3. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 998. 

4. Composition Books (Record Office). 

Great Asby 1 1 1 3 

It is be regretted that more is not known of this man, 
-who is not even mentioned in the County Histories. It 
woiild seem that he was replaced in 1661 by George 
Tibbold ; but how and why is not clear. Nor is it easy to 
explain the following entries which appear in the 
Registers : — 

January 1677-88. 26. Magrie wife of Mr. Thorn. Fawcet was 

1682. November. Thom. ffawcett Clark was buried. 

It is quite possible that the retirement was voluntary on 
account of age, that he continued to reside in the neigh- 
bourhood, and that the term " Clark " was retained by 
him as a Minister. Over against this, however, it needs 
to be remembered that his was a Commonwealth appoint- 

George Tibbold, B.A., 1661—1694. 

This person's name appears in all sorts of forms. 
Tibbol, Tibboll, Tibbols, TibboUs, Tibball, Theoballs, 
Theobald, Thoballs have all been found. He matriculated 
Corpus Christi College, Oxford, November 22, 1650, and 
graduated B.A. May 5, 1655.^ He joins in the ordination 
Certificate for James Cave in October, 1656, being then 
Minister at Skelton.^ His collation to Asby was on 
October 9th, 1661,^ from which it is evident that he 
conformed when the new order of things came about ; and 
doubtless it is this person who was ordained Priest, March 
16, 1678-9. He held Thursby also for a few years. ^ The 
following entries relating to his family appear in the 
Registers :■ — - 


1661 February 20 Mary the daughter of George Theobold Cler. 
was bapt. 

1663 April i 9. Catherine ye daught. of Geo. Theobald Cler. 
was bapt. 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 481. 

3. Institution Books. 

4. Vide p. 545. 

1 1 14 The Ejected of 1662 

1664-5 February 7. Thorn the son of George Theoball Cler. was 

1666 9ber 8. Edmond the son of George Theobald Cler. was 

1670 Nov. 30 Mariana the daughter of George Theobald. 

1682 [before Oct. but no month given] Charles son of George 
Theoballs Cler. was Bapt. 

1683 October 19 James son of George Theoballs was bapt. 

1687 May 19 Sarah daughter of George Theoballs Cler. was bapt.. 
Burials : 

1668 ^larch 24 Catherine ye daughtr of George Theoballs Cler. 
was buried. 

1670 Dec. 2. Miriana daughtr. of George Thoballs was buried. 

1670 Dec. 3. Anne ye wife of George Theoballs was Buried. 

1694 April 10 ^Ir. George Theobald Parson of Asby. 

Two other sons, who would be born at Skelton, George and' 
Richard, became graduates of Queen's College, Oxford. ^ 

Henry Fleming, M.A., D.D., 1694—1728. 

He was instituted Sept. 18, 1694, on the Presenta- 
tion of Greo. Fletcher, Bart., and held the living of 
Grasmere as well as Asby; but he resided at the latter 
place. His death occurred in 1728.^ 

The Registers contain the following account of a very 
curious benefaction : — 

The Revd Mr. Simon Pindar's Account to the Parishoners of Asby ol 

his Charitable Donation of 6 loaves &c. 

As a proof of my Sincerity how willing and desirous I am to 
promote a publick charity I have put into the hands of John Bowness 
Sixty pounds which money, for some months last past I have 
Endeavoured to lay uppon a Freehold Estate which Estate I wou'd 
desire to be charg'd with the payment of two pounds twelve shillings 
yearly for a perpetuity which two pounds and twelve shillings I 
desire that it may be receivd quarterly at four Equal Payments by 
any one of the Trustees hereafter named and the money to be 
appropriated to discharge the Price of six two penny Loaves which I 
desire may be given Every Lord's Day in the Parish Church of Asby 
to three of the poorest widdowers and three of the most indigent 
widows who have a legal Settlement in the parish And not otherwise- 

1. AI. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 1069. 

Great Asby 1115 

and my further desire is that the Persons on whom these Loaves are 
bestowed are members of the Church of England and that they do 
frequently attend the worship and Service of Almighty God. And my 
further desire is that John Bownes of Asby be appointed a trustee of 
rthe Charity during his natural life and that the Rector of Asby the 
Churchwardens of Asby Little and the two Church Wardens of 
Asby Winderwath do act in conjunction with him from the commence - 
jnent of thia charity and after the death of the said John Bownas my 
desire is that he be succeeded in the same trust by the Churchwarden 
of Asby Cotsforth and for ever after that the whole trust of the said 
Charity to be vested in the rector and Church wardens of the Parish 
■of Asby for all time being for ever and any three of them shall be 
accepted as a majority to fill a vacancy when a Loaf of bread is to be 
desposed of 

And my further desire is that Thomas Wilson late of Goodal-Hill 
John Wilkinson & Agnes Pindar be admitted as the first present 
objects of the said Charity they being all to my certain Knowledge 
stricken in age and infirm and in narrow circumstances (I suppose) in 
regard to the common necessaries of Life the other three (vixfc) one 
widower and two widows Brother Robert if he pleases may nominate 
them and if they have the Trustees approbation the same will be very 
satisfactory to me when a member dies I wou'd have the Parish Clerk 
to have the Loaf that belonged to the deceased the Sunday following 
the Death & he to signifie to the Trustee that a new member is that 
afternoon to be elected in the Room of such a one deceased. 

Thus gentlemen I heartily bid ye farewell 

Sincerely wishing that Unity Peace and Concord may for ever 
flourish and abound amongst ye which is the Unfeigned desire of 
Simon Pindar. 

This copy is from the original amongst the writings belonging to 
"the Parish now in the Hands of John Bowness by R. Machell Rector 
July 16. 1761, 

The above writings are my possession at psent January 1st. 1768. 
Richd. Machell. 

The above original Letter of Mr. Pindar ' is now in the Parish 
Box at Asby Hall January 1st. 1773. 

1. Vide p. 1118. 


This is a village in the Eden valley, a few miles to the- 
north of Kirkby Stephen. The Church is dedicated to St^ 
Theobald ; and the Registers, which are in a confused and 
worn condition, begin, not in 1559, as Bishop Nicolson 
says, but in 1558, the following being witness : — 

A trewe Booke of all the wedinges wthin the Parish of Musgrave 
since the yere of or [our] Lord 1558. 

Elsewhere is the following : — 

A booke of Burialls made in the yeare of our Lord 1558 newly 
written the xxiiij of August 1561 ( ?) by me John — ■ — cm'at of 

The baptisms begin in 1559. 

The following is a list of Incumbents : — 

Beenaed Robinson, B.D., 1599—1612. 

He removed to Torpenhow in the latter year.^ 

John Spencer, 1612—1634. 

He was collated March 11, 1612. Foster gives several 
persons of this name, in relation to one of whom he has the 
following: " B.A. from Peterhouse, Cambridge, 1600-1, 
M.A. 1604; incorporated 9 July, 1605, perhaps beneficed in 
Westmorland." He also names James Spencer, son of John 
Spencer of Musgrave, who matriculated Magdalen Coll., 
Oxford, June 30, 1641, at the age of 17, and graduated 
B.A. at Queen's College. ^ The Registers give the follow- 

1618 Maie the viij. day was John sonne of John Spencer and 
Rebecca his wife baptized. 

John Spencer, senior, held the living of St. Michael's,. 
Appleby,^ along with that of Great Musgrave; and his 
burial entry in the Great Musgrave Registers reads thus : 
1634 March the vij was John Spencer Eector of this Church and! 
Vicar of St. Michael's in Appelby buryed. 

1. Vide p. 574. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Vide p. 1137. 

Great Musgrave 

1 117 

William Doddung, M.A., 1634—1637. 

He was collated by Bishop Potter, July 3, 1634. 
Probably he was the son of William Dodding, M.A., 
B-ector of South Pool, Devon, in 1613; matriculated at 
Queen's Coll., Oxford, May 15, 1618, at the age of 15; 
graduated B.A. October 23, 1621, and M.A. July 5, 1624; 
and became Canon of Carlisle in 1632.^ He was the 
brother of Samuel Dodding, M.A., of Bootle.^ He died 
in 1637, his burial entry in the Registers being as follows : 

1637 The xvth. day of ]Maij was Willyam doddinyge Eector of 
this Church buryed. 

John Yaux, M.A., 1637—1670. 

He was collated by the same Bishop, May 16, 1637. In 
the Westmorland Certificate for 1646, he is wrongly given 
as Thomas, and is described as " Parson of Musgrave, a 
Noncovenantr & disaffected." ^ This is a case where no 
attempt appears to have been made to disturb the occu- 
pant of a living, though known to be hostile to the 
Cromwellian regime. Indeed, in much of this district the 
men were largely of the same type, " disaffected." John 
Yaux held the living until his death in 1670. The follow- 
ing entries in the Registers show a continuous ministry : 
1642-3 February 19 was Julian daughter of Mr. Vaux Eector 
of this Church and Mary his wife baptized. 

1645 Aprill was Mary daughter of Mr. Vaux Rector of this 
Church and Mary his wife baptized. 

1650 December the 8th day was Isobell the daughter of Mr. John 
Vaux Eector of this Church and Mary his wife baptized. 

1653 May ye 26th was Maybell the daughter of Mr. John Vaux 
and Mary his wife baptized. 

1655 Aprill the 7th day was Chrestopher the sonne of Mr. John 
Vaux and Mary his wife baptized. 

1651-2 ffebruarie the 9th was Isobell the daughter of Mr. John 
Vaux Buried. 

1662 June the 4th was Mr. Thomas Denton ■* and Julian Vaux 
married together. 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 859. 

3. Vide p. 111. 

4. This was the Edenhall and Crosby Garrett Minister. Vide pp. 
443, 1098. 


The Ejected of 1662 

Mr. John Vaux Rector of Musgrave was chosen at Carlile in 
June 1661, to goe to Yorke to sitt in ye Sinnod's house. 

1670-1 Januarie 21st was Mr. John Vaux Rector of Great Mus- 
grave buryed — Sermon preached by Mr. Ardrey the same day. 

Thomas Yaux, probably a relative, appears to have had 
a school at Great Musgrave in 1662. 

John Ardeey, 1671^ — -1684. 

His collation was on July 13, 1671, by Bishop Rainbow; 
and he compounded for his First Fruits in 1672. The 
Registers note his burial thus : — 

1684 October the 10 (?) was Mr. John Ardrey buried. 

He was at Cliburn in 1657, Prebendary of Carlisle and 
held Kirkland along with Great Musgrave for some time.^ 

Christopher Thornton, M.A., 1684 — 1719/20. 

He was collated October 31, 1684. A daughter, 
Elizabeth, was buried November 10, 1687; and his own 
burial entry is thus given : — 

1719-20, buried Chrestopher Thornton Rector of Musgrave FebyyeS. 

Simon Pindar, 1720 — 1755. 

He died in the latter year. Probably this is the person 
who made the bequest of loaves to the Parishioners of 

1. Vide pp. 398, 1243. 

2. Vide p. 1114. 


Usually this is given as Brougli-uiider-Stainmore, a 
•decayed market town, lying some five miles nortli east of 
Kirkby Stephen, and about two and a half east of Great 
Musgrave. The Church is dedicated to St. Michael; and 
ihe Registers, which are in fair condition, are distinctly 
interesting. They begin in 1556 as the following shows : 

Brough under Steymoore An Inventorye or Regester Booke of 
Burialles 1556 October. 

■Christenings begin in 1559 and marriages in 1560. 

The following is the list of Incumbents : — 

Lancelot Shaw, M.A., B.D., 1568—1594. 

Foster says respecting him : " B.A. from Queen's Coll. 
4 July, 1531, M.A. 22 June, 1534, fellow, B.D. 14 March, 
1643-4, provost 1563-5 ; vicar of Brough-under-Stainmore, 
Westmorland, and of Burnham, Bucks, 1547, rector of 
'Crosby Garrett, Westmorland, 1549." ^ He died in 1594, 

U-OGER Salkeld, M.A., 1594 — 1611. 

He matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford, Xovember 
17, 1581, aged 22 years ; graduated B.A. June 19, 1583, was 
Fellow in 1586, and took his M.A. June 15, 1586.2 He 
was instituted Jan. 23, 1594/5, and died in 1611. Roger 
Salkeld's name has not been discovered in the Registers, 
l)ut that of Richard Salkeld appears frequently ; and John 
.Salkeld " Clarke " was buried Sept. 25, 1649. ^ 

David Heckstetter, M.A., B.D., 1611—1623. 

He was instituted August 16, 1611, and belonged to the 
Heckstetters of Keswick. He was educated at Queen's 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Ibid. 

3. Parish Registers. 

1 1 20 The Ejected of 1662 

Coll., Oxford, where lie matriculated June 28, 1594, at the 
age of 20, graduated B.A. January 28, 1596-7, M.A. June 
17, 1600, and took his B.D. June 3, 1611. He was the 
father of Daniel, subsequently Rector of Bolton, Meals- 
gate.^ The following entries refer to members of hi& 
family : — 


1614 September 18. Daniel son of Mr. David Hechstetter. 
1616 Novem. 14. Davide son of David Heckster. 
1618 November 12 Timothie son of Maister David Heckstetter.^ 
1620-1 Januarij 4 Hanna doughter of David Hecktetter. 

David Heckstetter died in 1623. 

William Eichardson, M.A., B.D., 1623—1664. 

He was instituted December 12, 1623. Foster gives a 
person of this name, native of Westmorland, who gradu- 
ated M.A. Queen's College, Oxford, in 1607, took his B.D 
in 1614, and was licensed to preach February 4, 1618-19.^ 
In all probability it is the person in question. In Lord 
William Howard's " Household Books ' we have the 
following : — 

Oct. 27. 1634. To Mr. Richardson Person of Brough towards the 
mending the high wayes over Staynmore xls.^ 

In the Westmorland Certificate for 1646, William 
E-ichardson is called " a non covenantr & disaffected," * 
and evidently he in conjunction with his brother continued 
to be troublesome. Hence the following: — 

Ixxii. Wm and James Richardson. 
For Seditious Words. 
Aug. 13. 1655. Before Edward Briggs Esq. Margaret Eubanke, 
of Stainmore, and Captain Thomas Eubanke, her husband, say that 
on the 28th of February last, beinge with Wm. Richardson, Minister 
of Brough, and James Richardson, his brother, they said that both 
her husband and she v,ould lose both life, lands, and goods, within 
a little time and all the rest of the Parliamentary party that have- 

1. Vide p. 567. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. P. 319. 

4. Vide p. 110 

Brough 1 1 2 1 

beene against the Kinge, the lawfull heire of this Kingdome, unlesse- 
they would revolt within three moneths time. They would be laid 
lower than ever yet and they deserved death and they and such 
like had beene suffered too longe.i 

Like John Yaiix of Musgrave, however, "William Richard- 
son was not disturbed in his living. The following 
supports this view besides being interesting in other 
respects : — 

The XX day of 1661 Michael Powly ye day and yeare above 

written chosen parish Clerk of Brough under Stainmore by 

ye Consent of ye minister there and ye whole parishioners not 

opposinge or contradictinge yt^ ye said Michael Powly shall 

ringe ye first bell att five a clocke every morninge and ye great, 

bell at eight of ye clocke every night from till (?) St. 

Day till Candlemas next after yearly. 

Witnes our hands 

Willm Richardson vicar 
John Boousfeilde 
Robert Rudd 
Willyam brunskell 
Thomas Blenkensop 
Chur : Wardens. 

He is by his place and office to looke to ye safe keepinge of ye- 
two volumes of Mr. ffox Martarolidges, Bishop Jewells works ye 
statute booke ye great bible in folio and a little box wth papers 
in it in a deske reserved for ye paresh use also ye hand bell used 

at Buryalles and he is also to look after oyleinge of y& 

clockes and to see yt ye Bell strings be kept in good order and 

fashion and ye same to be repaired used shall require by 

ye churchwardens and ye parish ye said Michael Powly is to have 
his wages yearly payed by ye parishioners upon St. Andrew's day 
or wthin ten dayes after. Also it is agreed ye day and yeare 
abovesaid yt ye said Michael powley shall reade ye singinge 
psalmes constantly. 2 

At the foot of this document is the signature of " Michael 
powley." Unfortunately the document is indecipherable 
in several places. What became of William Richardson 
is not known. 

1. Depositions from York Castle (Surtees Soc, vol. xl), p. 73. 

2. Parish Registers. 

1122 The Ejected of 1662 

Christopher Harrison, M.A., 1664 — 1695. 

He matriculated Queen's College, Oxford, June 14, 1649 ; 
graduated B.A. May 15, 1651; M.A. February 2, 1653-4; 
became fellow in 1654, and was incorporated at Cambridge 
in 1658. He was instituted to " Burgh Subters Stainmore 
8. 7bris 1664." ^ The names of several of his children 
appear in the E,egisters. He died in 1695. 

Joseph Fisher, M.A., 1695—1704. 

He was the son of Richard Fisher of Whitrig, 
Cumberland, matriculated Queen's College, Oxford, 
December 4, 1674, at the age of 19; graduated B.A. 1679 
and M.A. in 1682.^ He was instituted to the vicarage of 
Brough May 28, 1695, on the Presentation of " Col. 
Eegina, Oxon," and according to the Registers inducted a 
few days afterwards : — 
Jun. 6. '95. 

Mr. Joseph Fisher M.A. was inducted into ye vicarage of Burgh 

under Stainmore by Will Nicolson Archdn of Carlile. 

In ye psence of 

The. Machel Rector 

of Kirkby thore 

Tho Kobinson 

Jo Bird 

John Kidd. 

In addition he became Rector of Great Salkeld in 1702, 
and Archdeacon of Carlisle. " He never seems to have 
come into residence at Great Salkeld," says Mr. Loftie, 
*' but lived at Brough-under-Stainmore, near Kirkby 
Stephen, in Westmorland. He is said to have been a 
person well skilled in Hebrew and the Oriental 
languages." ^ He died in 1704. 

Francis Thompson, S.T.B., 1705—1735. 

He was instituted April 11, 1705, on the same Presenta- 
tion, and died in 1735. 

1. Al. Ox. ; also the Episcopal Reg. at Carl. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Great Salkeld, &c.. Rev. A. G. Loftie, M.A., p. 124. 


This village, in older documents " Warcup " and 
" Warcoppe," is about two miles north of Great Musgrave,, 
and five south east of Appleby. The Church is dedicated 
to St. Columba; and the Registers according to Bishop 
Nicolson begin in 1597.^ Certainly they are quite as old 
as June of that year; but a couple of pages before this 
date are occupied with a variety of matters, and 1597 does 
not appear to quite represent the beginning. These two- 
pages are not very legible. The following is a list of 
Incumbents : — 

Nicholas Deane, M.A., 1585—1589. 

In the latter year he ceded for Bromfield.^ 

Egbert Robson, 1589 — 1597. 

Probably a member of a local family. The Registers 
give the following : — 

1599 Mali 28. John Robson the son of Mr. John Robson of Warcop 

Anthony Jaques, 1597. 

Nicolson and Burn place this name after Robert Robson 
and say that the latter died in 1597. They add that 
Anthony Jaques remained at Warcop until his death in 
1625.^ There is, however, some call for explanation here," 
for at least two names must be inserted during this 

Nath. Allon, 1607. 

The Registers give the following : — 

Mem. 1581 — Ano. Dn. 1607 Jacobj Cook filij Josephus Cooke 
baptizatu fuit vicessimo quarto die Septembris Anno Dni 1581 p. me 
Nath. Allon Minister ibidem. 

1. Miscel. p. 46. 

2. Vide p. 638. 

3. Vol. i, p. 601. 

J 1 24 The Ejected of 1662 

Evidently this name was inserted by Allon himself in 
1607 ; he signs at the top of the page for the year 1612. 
He was here in 1614. 

James Dover, 1622-3. 

Foster gives the following : " Dover James of Cumber- 
land pleb. Queen's Coll. matric. 31 Oct. 1606 aged 19, 
' paup. schoL' B.A. 31 Jan. 1610-11 ; M.A. 6 July 1615."i 
Possibly this is to be identified with the James Dover of 
Warcop, who died in the year above given. His burial 
■entry appears thus in the Registers : — 

1622-3 Januarij die the xv day was James Dover Curate of 
Warcoppe buried. 

It is quite possible that both he and Allon served as 
'Curates whilst their Ticar resided elsewhere. 

George Martin or Marton, B.A., 1625—1642/3. 

In the Episcopal Register he appears as George Mawson 
ordained Deacon Dec. 22, 1622, B.A. "Cest. Dio."; Priest 
rSept. 21, 1623; and collated by Bishop Milburn June 8, 
1624. A daughter, " Dorathie," was baptized June 21, 
1629 ; another, " Isbelle," on April 3, 1631 ; a son, George 
October 1, 1632; and another son, "Wilyam," on Dec. 5, 
1639. His own burial entry is thus given : — 

1642-3 January 30th was Mr. George Marton vicar Buried. 

In the Registers the name throughout is some form of 

John Hawton, 1643. 

Nicolson and Burn give this as the year of John 
Hawton's decease, but if he was here at all it could only 
Tiave been for a month or two. Foster gives a John 
Hawton or Hauton of Westmorland who matriculated 
Queen's Coll. May 10, 1622, at the age of 16 years, gradu- 
ating B.A. July 3, 1627, and M.A. 1630.^ 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Ibid. 

Warcop 1125 

John Yaux, M.A., 1643. 

This again is on the authority of Xicolson and Burn ; 
l)ut in this case also he could only have held the living a 
very short time. ^ 

Edward Mawson or Mowson, M.A., 1643 — 1663 (?). 

Foster gives the name of Edward Mowson son of Robert 
of Whitwell, Westmorland, pleb. who matriculated at 
Q/Ueen's Coll. Xov. 9, 1632, aged 17.' He supplies no further 
information respecting him. The Registers say that 
Edward Mawson " Cleark & Yicar of Workehop read 
Articles &c. Nov. 1, 1643." The Westmorland Certificate 
for 1646 ^ merely states that he was " Yicar of Warcop 
p[arish]." The following marriage notice appears in the 
Registers : — 

1648 Julie 17th were Edward Mowson viccar and Jane Dows'jn 

A daughter, Phillis, was baptized .June 20, 1649, Robert, 
a son, on September 23, 1651, and Jane, a daughter, on 
October 1, 1656. There is no reason to think that the 
political and religious principles of Edward Mawson 
differed much from those of his neighbours at Brough and 
Great Musgrave ; and his ministry appears to have 
continued until 1663 when his successor was chosen. 

Charles Crow, 1663—1683. 

He was instituted August 26, '63, " per cessionem of 
Ed. Mawson." He was a native of the Isle of Man, and 
in the Warcop Registers he gives a full list of his children, 
together with the following respecting himself : 

Charles Crow now 1670 vicar who was bapt. the 28th of June in 

the K. Christ. Leyzare ( ?) in the Isle of man 1630. 

Several of his children were born at " Hauxhead hall," 
Lancashire, where he held the living from about 1653 to 
1656. It would appear that he went thence to Castletown, 
Isle of Man, where a daughter, Dorothy, was born in 1659, 
and a son, Nathaniel, in September, 1662. This son subse- 

1. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 601. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Vide p. 111. 

1 1 26 The Ejected of 1662 

quently graduated B.A. at Queen's College and was Rector 
of Stoke Climsland in Cornwall in 1692.^ Another son, 
Charles, who matriculated at Queen's College June 8, 1671, 
at the age of 16 years, would be born at Hawkshead. He 
became Bishop of Cloyne in 1702.^ The Registers say that 
on Sept, 6, 1663, Charles Crow " Gierke Vic. of Warcop 
read the 39 Articles on the day above given." In 1674 
he sent the following letter to Sir Joseph Williamson, 
urging him to use his influence to secure for him the 
living of Winston in Durham : — 
Honoured Sr. 

It was a happines to me that I had the honour of yours (tho short 
acquaintance) and have the Neighbourhood of your good Mother (my 
Dear Freind) the Kindnes of many of your loveing Freinds, and 
Perticularly might have the help of Mr Christian's letter, but the 
time is short, this gives me (and not otherwise) this Confidence. Ther 
is a Vacancy of Winston in Bppwick by the very late death of Mr. 
Cudbert Morland Incumbent and the Donation in the L. Bpp of 
Durham (in whom I am assured) you have great & PowerfuU interrest. 
I humbly beg it may Please you, to Promote me a Petitionr to his' 
Ldp. the Benefit is rendered to me near a hundred Pound, which 
would be a great relief to me and Family : My distance and this 
Sudden hast intrudes me upon your favour, with my poor single 
addresses, tho my Ld Buckingham (if I had time) whose Chaplain 
I am would recomend me to you, there are some Competitors, but none 
Considered equall to Countervayle your Interrest, for if you Please to 
appeare or move for it, it will be easily obtained. Dear Sr. be freind 
me now in this good act, which will intaile — Perpetuall Gratitude, 
wth the dayly Prayers, & Service of him, who is ambitious to manifest 

Good Sr 
Warcopp Near Stainmore Your obedient humble Servant 

Feb. 22nd (74). CHARLES CROW. 

This Poast I Presume is the First. 
I have entrusted a freind to wayt 
& receive yr answer wch 
I pray grant me. 

For the honourable Sr Joseph WilliamsonJ 
at the Chamber in White Hall one of hi« 
Majties most honourable Servants of State. ^ 

humbly prsent 
London These. 

1. Al. Ox. hast' 

2. Ibid. 

3. S. P. Dom. Car. ii, 368, No. 106. 

"Warcop 1 1 2 7 

Nothing appears to liave come of the appeal, and he 
remained at Warcop until his death. This took place in 
1683, and his burial entry reads thus : — 

1683 August The 12 day was Charles Crow Buried Vickar of 

EiCHARD Ward, M.A., 1684—1714. 

He was the son of Edmund Ward of Firbank, near 
Kirkby Lonsdale ; received his early education at Sedbergh 
Grammar School; and went thence to St. John's College, 
Cambridge, in 1676, at the age of 18 years. His son, 
Matthias, subsequently held the Warcop living near 50 
years. ^ Richard Ward died in 1714 as witness the 
!p,egisters : — 

1714 Sept 5. was Mr. Eichard Ward vicar of Warcopp buried. 

A person of this name was ordained Priest March 17, 
1668-9, and is given as from " Dunelm."^ He may have 
been the Curate of Greystoke in 1686.^ 

1. Sedbergh School Register, p. 99. 

2. Episcopal Register. 

3. Vide p. 477. 




(a) St. Lawrence. 

Appleby, the County town of Westmorland, has a popula- 
tion of not more than 8,000. To day resposeful enough, in 
the period with which we are concerned, it was often the 
centre of strife. During the Civil War it played a very 
important part, and those who suffered from the repressive 
legislation which followed upon the Act of Uniformity, 
were frequently sent for imprisonment to its gaol. The 
Church, dedicated to St. Lawrence, is a principal object 
in the town, and its history goes back to very ancient 
times. Unfortunately its earlier Registers have disap- 
peared, the oldest known, beginning with January, 1694. 
The following is a list of Incumbents : — 

Christopher Walker, 1582 — 1623. 

He was instituted on a Presentation from Richard 
Dudley of Yanwath. Doubtless this is the person who 
along with Richard Burton and Lancelot Dawes on Feby. 
13, 1619/20, answered John Dudley's question in the 
affirmative as to " whether a man may lawfully marry 
the cousin german of his deceased wife.^ He held the 
Dufton living in Plurality with Appleby for some tirae.^ 

William Crakenthorpe, B.A., 1624 — 1628. 

He was instituted March 8, 1623/4, on a Presentation 
by Francis White, S.T.D., Dean of Carlisle; and is given 
by Foster as Crakanthropp. Respecting him he says: — 
"Of Westmorland, gent. Queen's Coll. matric. 3 May 1605, 
aged 19; B.A. 7 July 1613, vicar of Appleby St. Lawrence 

1. Fleming MSS., H. M. C. 12th Report, Appendix Pt. vii, p. 16. 

2. Vide p. 1153. 

1 1 30 The Ejected of 1662 

1624, rector of Bootle, Cumberland, 1628, and of Broug- 
ham, Westmorland, 1629." 1 

John Scott, M.A., 1628—1636. 

He was ordained Deacon, Sept. 20, 1618; Priest, Feb. 1, 
1618-9 ; and is given as of Chester. He was instituted 
June 21, 1628, on a Presentation by the Dean and Chapter 
of Carlisle. Foster gives the following, which cannot be 
quite accurate: " Siibscribed 3 Dec. 1613; B.A. from 
Queen's Coll. 8 July 1614, M.A. 3 July 1618; vicar of St. 
Lawrence in Appleby, "Westmorland 1623," ^ 

Edward Guy, M.A., 1636—1646. 

He was instituted November 21, 1636, on the same 
Presentation. The Westmorland Certificate for 1646 
calls him " minister of Appleby, a non-covenanter." ^ 
Foster refers to him in the following terms : " Son of 
Edward of Appleby, Westmorland, pleb. Queen's Coll. 
matric. 30 April 1624, aged 15; M.A. 25 June 1634, vicar 
of St. Lawrence, Appleby 1636." * Mr. Edmund Guy, 
probably a relative, is given as one of the Elders in the 
Westmorland Certificate. Edward Guy the Vicar died in 

It was about this time that provision was made for 
" increase " of the ministerial " maintenance " as the 
following indicates : — 


Att the Comitee for Plundered Ministers Aug. 5th 
Anno Dni 1646. 
By vertue of an Order of both Houses of Parliament of the second 
May last It is ordered that the yearely Rent of Two pounds Thir- 
teene Shillings foure pence reserved to the Deane and Chapter of 
Carlile out of the Parish of Crakenthorpe and one pound sixe 
shillings eight pence to them reserved out of the Parish of Hilton 
and one pound sixe shillings eight pence to them reserved put of 
the Parish of Merton and foure pounds sixteene shillings eight 
pence to them reserved out of the parish of Bongate and sir 

1. Al. Ox. : also under Bootle, pp. 859, 1246. 

2. AI. Ox. 

3. Vide p. 112. 

4. Al. Ox. 



shillings eight pence to them reserved out of the Parish of Langton 
and one pound sixe shillings eight pence to them reserved out cf 
the Parish of Rutter and Tenn shillings to them reserved out of 
the Ladie Boners Tithes and three pounds sixe shillings eight pence 
to them reserved out of ye Parish of Appleby and one pound tenne 
shillings eight pence to them reserved out of the pish of Dribecke 
being all in ye County of Westmorland, and doe amount in the 
whole to Seaventeene pounds and foure shillings; And also the 
farther yearely sume of Twentie pounds out of the Tithes and 
profitts of the Impropriate Rectory of Appleby aforesaid which are 
sequestred from the Earle of porke, bee allowed and paid to and 
for increase of the Maintenance of the Minister of the pish Church 
■of Appleby aforesaid the psent Maintenance belonging to the 
said Church being but 50li p Ann, and the Towne of Appleby is the 
Shire Towne of the said Countie 

And the Sequestrators of the pmisses are required to allowe & pay 
the same accordingly at such times and seasons of ye yeare as 
the same shall grow due and payable 
vera copia. Exd p. • 

Johem Philpes Miles Corbett/ 

Anthony Shaw, B.A., 1647. 

In this year tlie Kirkby Stephen people petitioned for 
him to be appointed to the living there, and reference is 
made to his work at Southwark.^ Foster says of him : — 
" S ' E-andolphi ' of E,avenstonedale, Westmorland, pleb. 
Queen's Coll. matric. 10 Oct. 1634, aged 20, B.A. 4 July 
1639; Yicar of Appleby St. Lawrence, Westmorland, 
1647. ^ His appointment to Appleby is given in the 
following : — 

Lawrence in 

Appleby Maij. 28. 1647. 

Whereas the viccarage of the pish Church of St. Lawrence in 
Appleby in the Countie of Westmerland becoming void by ye death 
of the former Incumbent the sd pish hath been destitute of a 
Minister to officiate there for the space of one whole year now last 
past. It is therefore ordered that Anthony Shaw a godlie & ortho- 

1. S. P. Dom. Inter. F. 1 (Record Office), fol. 185. 

2. Vide p. 1071. 

3. Al. Ox. Careful search through the Ravenstonedale Registers 
has failed to yield "Anthony son of Randolphi," but in "August 1612 
was bap. Anthony Sonn to Rawff Shaw." 

1 132 The Ejected of 1662 

dox divine doe from henceforth officiate the cure of the sd church 
there as viccar and preach diligentlie to the parishioners there.* 

St. Lawrence in Maii 28. 1647. 

Appleby. Referred Anthony Shaw to the Assembly for 

This was ye same the cure of St. Lawrence in Appleby Com. 

day ordered to ' Westmland.^ 

ye next Classis 

in' Lancashire. 

St. Lawrence in Appleby. Maii 28. 1647. 

It is ordered that Anthony Shaw, Minister of ye word bee referred 
to the next Classical presbeterie in the Countie of Lancaster whO' 
are desired to examine the fitnes of the sd Mr. Shawe to officiate 
the cure of the Church of St. Lawrence in Appleby in the Countie 
of Westmorland and to Certifie the same and what triall they have 
of his guifts and abilities pticularlie.^ 

Applebie St. Lawrence [1649] 

The present Incixmbent there is Mr. Anthonie Shaw a preaching 
Minister and well approued off by his parishioners.'' 

Among the orders made by the Countess of Pembroke 
" to be observ'd in the Aims-House in Appleby," " Signed 
and Sealed by her Honour ye Sixteenth day of May, in 
the year One thousand six hundred fifty and three," is one 
that requires that " Prayers may be duely said every 
morning about eight or nine a Clock, in the Chappie of the 
said Almshouse by Master Anthonie Shaw now vicar of 
Appleby, or who shall succeed him there." 5 It would 
appear that Anthony Shaw died shortly after this. 

Ambrose Eowland, 1656—1660 (?). 

He was already at Bongate and the union of the two 
Parishes under his ministry is referred to in the- 
following : — 

Bongate and 

Appleby. June 10. 1656. 

Whereas the Cure of the parish Church of Apleby in the County 

1. Add. MSS. Brit. Mus. 15671. 

2. Ibid. 

3. Ibid. 

4. Lambeth MSS. Survey, vol. ii. 

5. Nicolson's Miscel., p. 37; also Trans. (N.S.), vol. ix, p. 192. 

Appleby 1133 

of Westmorland is at psent destitute of a Minister and the care of 
the said Church is in the provision of these Trustees and whereas 
the parish of Bongate is neare adjoyning to the said parish of 
Appleby and may (as these Trustees are well informed) with Con- 
venience be united Thereunto and care is now taken for a due 
inquiry thereof by Comission undr the great Scale of England 
to the end that the Inhabitants of the said parishes may not in 
the meane tyme be destitute of the word It is ordered that Mr. 
Ambrose Rowland Minister of Bongate in the sayd County (approved 
according to the ordinance for Approbacon of publique preachers) doe 
preache dilligently instruct the parishers. of both the said parishes 
and have the Liberty of the pish Church aforesd for that purpose 
as well as of the said pish Church of Bongate aforesd and have and 
enjoy ye pfitts of ye viccarage thereof. 

Jo. Thorowgood, Jo. Humfrey, Edw. Cressett, Ri. Sydenham, 
Rich. Yong.^ 

To the Commissioners for approbacon of publique preachers and all 
others whom it may concerne We William Steele Lord Chancelor of 
Ireland Sr John Torowgood of Kensington Kt. George Cowper Richard 
Yong John Pococke Ralph Hall Richard Sydenham John Humphrey and 
Edward Cressett Esqrs. Trustees by Severall Acts of Parliament for 
maintenance of Ministers And by an Ordinance of his Highnesse the 
Lord Protector and the Councell Intituled an Ordinance for the better 
Maintenance and encouragement of preaching Ministers and for uniting 
of parishes the true and undoubted Patrons of the Vicarage of the 
Church of Appleby in the Countie of Westmorland now become void 
by the death of the last Incumbent or by any other wayes howsoever 
Have nominated and presented and doe hereby nominate present and 
appoint Ambrose Rowland — Minister of the word to the sayd Vicarage 
and Church prayeing that the sayd Mr. Rowland may be admitted to 
and settled in the sayd viccaridge and Church and vested with all the 
rights, members and appurtenances thereof which we doe hereby 
conferre upon him And that it would please you to doe and performe 
all other things requisite and necessary to be done in the premises In 
witnes whereof the parties above named have to these present Inden- 
tures interchangeably sett their hands and Scales the first day of July 
In the yeare According unto the Computation used in England one 
thousand Six hundred fiftie and Seaven 

John Thorowgood 
Ri. Sydenham 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 374. 

1 1 34 The Ejected of 1662 

Richard Yong 

Jo. Pococke 

John Humfrey. 

[Endorsed on back] : — Mr. Rowland 

July 9th 1657 

Appleby Com 


Octr 16th 1657.' 
Appleby in ye 
County of Westmrland. 

Ambrose Rowland Clerke — Admitted the 16th. day of Oct. 1657 to 
Vic. of Appleby in ye County of Westmrland Upon a pres. exhibited 
the same day from ye Trustees for Maintenance of Minrs the patrons 
And Certificates from Jo Smith of Kerby Lonsdale Geo ffothergill 
of Orton ffrancis Higginson of Kirkby Stephen Tho Dodson 
Ravenstondaile Tho Burton Robt Branthwait.^ 

By deed bearing date February 2, 1656, the Countess of 
Pembroke conveyed an estate at Temple Sowerby to " Sir 
John Lowther and Sir Thomas Sandford baronets, E-obert 
Hilton, and Lancelot Machel Esquires, Robert Branth- 
waite esquire Mayor of Appleby John Thwait^s, John 
Thwaites the younger, John Smith, Thomas Yare, Edmund 
Guy, John Lowson and Thomas Rowlandson, Aldermen, 
the reverend Ambrose Rowland vicar of Appleby and the 
vicar of Appleby for the time being." The rents and 
profits of this estate, which was then let at £6 per year 
were to be employed "for the repairing and decent keeping 
the tomb in the quire of the Church at Appleby where her 
said mother lies interred, and one other tomb which she 
the said Countess was then preparing to be set up for 
herself; and for the repair of the grammar school house 
and the moot hall or court house, both in and belonging 
to Appleby aforesaid; and likewise for the repair of 
Appleby Bridge." ^ What became of Ambrose Rowland 
is not clear; but he was gone before 1661. 

James BrcHA?fA>% M.A., 1661—1680. 

He was instituted September 10, 1661 ; was the son of 
George Buchanan, the Sequestered Yicar of Kirkby Lons- 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 945. 

2. Ihid., 998. 

3. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 327. 

Appleby 1135 

dale; and obtained his early education at Sedbergh 
Grammar School. He passed thence to Queen's College, 
Oxford, where he matriculated 14 June 1649 ; graduated 
B.A. November 28, 1651 ; was incorporated at Cambridge 
1655; and became M.A. from Sidney Sussex College the 
same year. He was admitted to St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge, April 2, 1657, to qualify for the Head Mastership 
of Sedbergh School. This appointment he received, and he 
held it from 1657 to 1662.^ In her Accounts for October 
8, 1673, the Countess of Pembroke enters £1 — — paid to 
James Buchanan " when he preached a good Sermon to me 
and my family in my Chamber att this Appleby Castle " ; 
and another £1 — — " when he administered the Blessed 
Sacramt of Bread and Wine to me." ^ He became in 
addition E-ector of Dufton in 1675, dying there in March 
1680. He married Emma Burton, June 29, 1658, and had 
three sons and one daughter. One of the sons, Charles, 
«ntered St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1678, at the age 
of 17 years. 

Bishop Nicolson, under date March 8, 1708/9, refers to 
■" visits from Young Buchanan wth Mrs. Nicol's money 
and begging for his Father " ; and the day following he 
says : " Mr. Ch. Buchanan, begging for himself." ^ 

Michael Hodgson, B.A., 1680—1681. 

He was ordained Priest September 25, 1670, and insti- 
tuted April 6, 1680.* Foster says: " S. of Mich, of 
Brough-under-Stainton, Westmorland, pp. Queen's College, 
matric. Oct. 30, 1663, aged 17; B.A. 1667, Vicar of 
Thursby, Cumberland, 1675, of Morland, Westmorland, 
1679, and of St. Lawrence, Appleby, Westmorland, 1680."^ 

Oabriel Smallw^ood, M.A., 1681 — 1698. 

He was of St. Peter's College, Cambridge, graduating 
B.A. in 1671; M.A. in 1678; and was instituted October 25, 

1. Foster's Al. Ox. and Sedbergh School Register, pp. 44, 79, 97. 
Poster incorrectly places him at Bongate, Appleby. 

2. Trans. (N.S.) vol. v, p. 196. 

3. Ibid., vol. iv, pp. 45, 46. Young Buchanan would be Charles's son. 

4. Institution Books. 

5. Al. Ox. ; vide also pp. 397, 544, 1184. 


1 1 36 The Ejected of 1662 

1681 on a Presentation from the Dean and Chapter. He 
was previously Curate of Wetheral for some time.^ A 
tablet in the Church states that he died March 7th, 1698, 
aged 48 years; and the Registers say that he was buried 
on the 16th. 

James Lamb, M.A., 1698—1720. 

He was instituted March 23, 1698, on the same Presenta- 
tion. He was previously at Bewcastle and for some time 
held the Carlisle Lectureship. ^ 

(6) Bongate or St. Michael's. 

This Parish lies about a mile to the south of the town, 
and its Church, a very ancient foundation, which gives 
the name to the Parish in which it stands, has for its 
companion in the beauty of its situation, Appleby Castle. 
It is dedicated to St. Michael ; and the Registers begin in 
1582. They consist of long slips of parchment written on 
both sides, many of the earlier entries being quite illegible, 
and, as usual with the writing of that period, much of it is 
exceedingly minute. The following appears in them : — 

The Eegister Booke of all Christenninges Weddinges and Burial Is 
within the parish of Sainte Mychaills in Appleby from the xvth Day 
of December 1582. 

The list of Incumbents is as follows : — 

Thomas Fairfax, M.A., B.D., 1579—1582. 

He was collated by Bishop Meye and resigned in the 
latter year. He lield livings also at Great Asby, Lowther 
and Caldbeck.^ 

William Porter, M.A., 1583—1611. 

He graduated B.A. at Queen's College, Oxford, Dec. 18, 
1579, and M.A. June 30, 1582.^ The Registers give the 
following which possibly refers to his son : — 

Christenninge 1598 Mar. 20. Robert sonne of Willm Porter. 

1. Vide p. 214. 

2. Vide pp. 184, 294. < 

3. Vide pp. 547, lllL 1234. 

4. Al. Ox. 

Bongate ^^Z7 

John Teasdale, M.A., 1611 — 1613. 

He was instituted January 31, 1611-12. There is no 
reference to John Teasdale in the Registers, but "William 
and Thomas Teasdale occur, from which it would appear 
that the Teasdales were a local family. Foster gives the 
following : " Teasdell John, of Westmorland pleb. Queen's 
Coll. matric. 12 March 1596-7, aged 19, B.A. 30 June 
1602, M.A. 6 June 1605; Vicar of Appleby St. Michael 
1611, and rector of Lowther, Westmorland, 1613." ^ 

John Spencee, M.A., 1614 (?)— 1634. 

The first date is queried. The Institution Books give 
John Simpson as collated on October 14, 1614. I am, 
however, inclined to think this is a mistake for Spencer. 
He was appointed to Great Musgrave in 1612 ^ and held it 
in Plurality with Bongate until his death. Nicolson and 
Burn, after Teasdale, merely say : "After him one John 
Spencer M.A." ^ If this is correct the two Listers, whose 
names follow, were probably Spencer 's Curates. On the 
top of the page of the Registers, bearing date 1616, 
appears the name of " John Lyster, Curate" ; and under 
1621 they have the following : — 

Burials Julii 18 James Lister Minister wythin ye quire. 

Egbert Simpson, M.A., 1634 — 1653. 

He was collated by Bishop Potter June 23, 1634. 
Foster has the following concerning him : " Rector of 
Clifton 1632, vicar of St. Michael, Appleby, 1634 and 
rector of Ormside (all Westmorland) 1636." * The 
Registers give the precise date of his Induction here : — 

Mdm That Robert Symson Gierke and Vicar of St. Michael's de 
Appleby alias Bongate did publiqueley reade the whole Booke of 
Articles the twentieth day of July according to the Computacon of 
the Church of England 1634 in the Parish Church of Bongate 
aforesaid on the Sabboth Day att morning Prayer in the tyme of 
Divine Service and did thereunto willingly and ex animo give his 

1. Al. Ox. : also vide p. 1235. 

2. Vide p. 1116. 

3. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 342. 

4. Al. Ox. : vide also p. 1144. 


The Ejected of 1662 

full Assent and Consent in the publique hearing and presence of 
those whose names are under written and many others. 


John Bainbrigg Peter Rowlandson 

John Tomson Anthonie Harrison 

Reynard Smith Robert Langton 

The Registers note the baptisms of : John, 1339 Jan. 9 ; 
Mathias, 1641 ; another son whose name is illegible in 
1643 ; and Sarah, Jan. 27, 1647-8, all children of " Mr. 
Robt. Symson." The Westmorland Certificate of 1646 
gives him as "Minister of Bongate" and "Parson of Oime- 
side," " a noncovenantr & a pluralist." ^ Nicolson and 
Burn referring to the resignation of Robert Simpson in 
1661 say that he " seems to have held through all the 
changes of the times." ^ That, however, is an error. 
Walker does not include him in his Sequestered list ; but 
it is quite certain that he was compelled to surrender, at 
least, the Bongate living before 1653. This, of course, 
was because of his Pluralism; for it would appear that he 
kept the Ormside living. The following interesting 
documents corroborate this statement, while they are 
significant evidence of the strong determination of the 
new regime to put an end to Pluralism. 
Barton ffebr. 23. 1646, 

Bongate & Upon Informacon that Doctor Dawes is Viccar of 
Dufton. Barton & Rector of Asby in the Countie of Westmerland 

& Mr. Simpson is Incumbent of Bongate & of Ormeside 
in the said Countie & Mr. Burton is Incumbent of 
Dufton in the said Countie & of Orton in the Countie of Cumberland 
& evry one of them has Cure of Soules This Cotee doe referre 
the examinacon thereof to the Cotee of pliamt in the said Countie 
of Westmerland or any three of them to examine the truth thereof 
calling before them & hearinge pties and witnesses on both sides 
therein concerned & to heare what cause each of the said Ministers 
can respectivelie shew why one of the said benefices should not be 
sequestred from him And in case it shall prove that each of the said 
Ministers hath pluralitie of benefices to give a fortnights tyme to each 
of them respectivelie to make his elecon wch of his sd respective 
benefices he will adhere unto & wch he will relinquish & to Certifie 
the same to this Committee.^ 

1. Vide p. 111. 

2. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 342. 

3. Bodl. MS., 324. 



Barton Sep. 8. 1647. 

Bongate Upon Informacon that Doctor Dawes is vicar of 

Dufton Barton and Rector of Apleby in the Countie of 

Westmerland and Mr. Richard Simpson is Incumbent of 
Bongate & of Ormeside in the said Countie and Mr. 
Burton is Incumbent of Dufton in the sd Countie and of Orton in 
the Countie of Cumberland every one of the sd benefices having 
cure of Soules It is ordered that the sd Dr. Dawes Mr Burton & 
Mr. Simpson doe every one of them Sevallie make their eleccon 
before the Comitee on the 20th. day of October next wch of 
the said respective benefices they will adhere & wch they will 
relinquish or signifie such their eleccon under their hands to this 
Comittee by the same day.i 

The word "Apleby" should be "Asby," of which Doctor 
Dawes was Rector, and " Robert " should be read for 
" Richard." Simpson relinquished the Appleby living 
shortly after this. 

In connection with Bongate the Survey of 1649 has 
the following : — 

All last mentioned pmisses lesed June 22. 1641 by late Dean & 
Chapter of Carlisle to "Orfeure" of ye City of Carlisle. 

To hold from the date to him his executors and assignes to and for 
the use (as he confesseth) of Mary Tunstall, Late wife of ffrederick 
Tunstall and her Children ffor the terme of 21 years. 2 

No Incumbent's name is given. 

Ambrose Rovtland, 1653 — 1660 (?). 

A gap occurs of several years, Rowland being appointed 

as the following indicates about 1653/4. 
Bongate Know all men &c. the Seaven and twentieth day of 

Ambrose Rowland June in ye yeare 1654 There was exhibited &c A 
pres. 30 Jan. presentation of Ambrose Rowland Clerke to ye 

1653. vicarage of Bongat* in the County of Wstmrland 

Made to him by his Highnes Oliver Lord protector 

Am. Rowland of the Comonwealth of England &c. the patron 

Cert as aforesd by thereof Under the Great Seale of England Together 
fira. Higginson &c said Ambrose Rowland &c approved the said 
of Kirkby Stephen Ambrose Rowland &c. admitt the said Ambrose 
Robt. Branthwaite Rowland to the vicarage of Bongate aforesaid &c. 
John Thornbrough and Incumbent &c. In witnes &c. Dated at 
E. Branthwaite. Whitehall the 27th day of June 1654.3 

1. Add. MSS. Brit. Mus. 15671. 

2. Commonwealth Surveys, vol. ii, Lambeth Library. 

3. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 997. 

1 140 The Ejected of 1662 

His Approval is further noted in the following : — 


The like [Approval] for Mr. Ambrose Rowland in the County of 
Westmerland Dated att Whitehall the 27th of June 1654. 

Jo. Nye. Regr. i 

The following, also belonging to this period, relate to 
the titties of the Rectory : — 

Bongate &c. Deer. 7. 1858. 

R. 15. Upon motion in behalfe of the psent tennt of the tithes 
of Bongate Langton fflackbridge and Murton pcell of ye Rectory 
of Applebey St. Michael in the County of Westmorland the Lease 
whereof expires the 29th. of September next insueing The Trustees 
doe appoint to treate with him for the said tithes without a 
Competitor on ye 25th day of October next when he is to make 
appeare yt all arreares of rent are paid and the Covenants of the 
Lease duely performed. 2 

Bongate &c. Dec. 7. 1658. 

R. 15. Whereas these Trustees have appointed on ye five and 
Twentieth of October next to contract wth ye psent tennt of the 
tithes of Bongate Langton fflackbridge & Murton in the County 
of Westmorland for a new estate in the pmisses wthout a Competi- 
tor Ordered yt Mr. Edmund Branthwait Recr doe inquire the true 
yearly value of the said tithes and Certify ye same to these Trustees 
of the said time.3 

It is unfortunate that information respecting Ambrose 
Rowland after this time is entirely wanting. Whether 
he remained until the Restoration, and, if so, what 
happened to him, are points about which we have no 
certain knowledge. Calamy does not mention him, and 
yet the evidence points strongly in the direction of an 
Ejection. Two facts, at least, are certain. In the first 
place the dual Incumbency ended with the Restoration. 
James Buchanan was instituted to the St. Lawrence living 
in 1661 ; and in 1660 Robert Simpson returned to Bon- 
gate. The second fact is that Robert Simpson was 
restored by force of law. 

1. Lambeth MSS. Plumd. Min.) 968. 

2. Ibid., 980. 

3. Ibid. 

Bongate 1 1 4 1 

Robert Simpson, M.A., 1660. 

His Petition to tlie House of Lords for restitution to his 
living is here appended : — 

To the right Honorble the Lords in Parliament 

The humble peticon of Robert Simpson Gierke 
Minister of Bongate neere Apleby in 
Shewith : 

That yor petr for these twelve yeares last past hath been most 
illegally ejected and Thrust out of his Vicaridge of Bongate in the 
County of Westmland and from the exercise of his Mini»-teriall duty 
there only for his loyalty and good aifeccon to his IMatie 

May it therefore please yor Lordpps to grant yor Order for the 
Secureing of the Tithes, Gleabes and profitts thereof into the hands cf 
such persons as yor Lordpps shall thinke fitt untill yor petrs title to 
his said Vicaridge shall be determined by due Course of Law 
And he shall pray &c. 

Ro. Symson. 
[Thils signature is in a different haaid from the rest of 
the writing.] 
I can certefy the petitioner He was euer wel 

was Minister of Bongate and affected to his Masty 

is a conscientious able Divine and elected without 

PHILIP MUSGRAVE. any lawfuU authority 

in An. 1651. P.M. 
Sr Phil. Musgrave Knt. and Bart, of Edenhall in Cumberland.' 

In the inside at the foot of p. 3 is the following : " Sr. 

P.M. in fullers rente (?) next doore to Warrington 

bridge ; " and on the outside : " The petition of Mr. 

Robert Simpson Gierke. 


With reference to the restoration of Robert Simpson to his 

living we have the following from the Registers : — 

By vertue of a writt from his Majesty yt now is Charles ye second 
by the Grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, 
defender of the Faith &c to Thomas Gabettis,- Sheriff of the County 
of Westmorland to give permission to Robert Symson Cleark of the 

1. House of Lords' Library; vide also H.^LC, Seventh Report, Pt. I., 
p. 108. 

2. Probably of Crosby Ravensworth. An inscription on the east 
wall of Brough Church states that he had been " Sheriffe " " Forty years 
and more." He died Mar. 25, 1694, aged 86. 

1 142 The Ejected of 1662 

vicarage of Bongate, the said Thomas Gabettis did give quiet and 
peaceable possession according to ye force of the aforesaid writt upon 
the 20th day of September in the year of our Lord God, one thousand 
six hundred and sixty and in the twelvth year of ye reign of our 
Soverane Lord King Charles to the aforesaid Eobert Symson, Clearke, 
of ye Messuage Vicarage or dwelling house in Bongate in the name of 
all the lands, profitts, privileges and appurtenances whatsoever 
belonging to the Church and vicarage of Bongate, aforesaid in the 
presence of us whose names are underwritten. 

Richard Lambe 

Miles Holme his X marke 

Thomas Salkeld his X marke 

William Yaire 

Robert Dover. 
Robert Simpson did not long retain the Bongate living ; 
he resigned, September 20, 1661, in favour of bis son, and 
accepted tbe living of Long Marton.^ 

Bahnabas Simpson, M.A., 1661 — 1712. 

He was instituted November 1, 1661, and was the son of 
Robert Simpson just named. He matriculated Queen's 
College, Oxford, July 15, 1652; graduated B.A. July 11, 
1656, and M.A. April 21, 1659.2 He " publiquely reade 
ye whole booke of Articles ye twenteth day of Aprill 
1662," " in ye parish Church of Bongate aforesaid on ye 
Sabboth day and in ye time of divine Service and did 
therunto willingly and ex animo give his full assent and 
Consent." ^ He accepted both this living and Ormside 
from his father; and subsequently added Long Marton to 
his list. The baptism of his daughter, Elizabeth, on 
October 29, 1662, is noted in the Registers. Bishop 
Nicolson, writing in 1703, says: — 

Mr. B. Sympson of Long Marton is Vicar here; And, haveing 
not resided in the parish for above twenty years past, has suffer'd 
the Vicarage- House to fall into decay. The walls are tolerably 
good : But little within that's sound. His Curate is one Blamire 
a B. of Arts in Queen's College, Oxford; but has not lived so 
regularly, since his takeing Orders, as were to be wish'd. He's said 
to behave himself more soberly of late than heretofore. * 

1. Vide p. 1151. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Bongate Registers. 

4. Miscel., p. 39 : also Trans. (N.S.) vol. iv, p. 33. 


This is a small village a few miles south of Appleby. 
Frequently it appears as " Ormshead " or " Ormeshead." 
The Church, dedicated to St. James, stands on a gentle 
elevation overlooking the beautiful river Eden. It is very 
ancient and exceedingly quaint. The Registers begin in 
1560, the first page being in part mutilated; but the 
writing is bold and clear. The Churchwardens' Accounts 
commence in 1704. The late Rev. Joseph Brunskill care- 
fully compiled from " ancient records " a list of 
Incumbents. It follows somewhat closely the one supplied 
by Nicolson and Burn, though it contains a few additions. 
He informs us that the Church was founded in 1087, and 
"until 1248 served by a priest from the Abbey of St. 
Mary at York. In 1248 it was granted to the Bishop of 
Carlisle." There is a cross in the Churchyard whose 
pedestal bears date 1643. Cromwell's soldiers are said to 
have knocked the other part down. It was restored in 
1897, on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of the late 
Queen, and, in addition to the date, it bears the letters 
" V.R." The following is the list of Incumbents : — 

John Hudson, 1587 — 1591. 

The Hudsons belonged to Cumberland and Westmor- 
land. Foster gives quite a number of Oxford graduates 
of this name, hailing principally from these two Counties, 
among them several " Johns," though he does not identify 
any one with the person in question. The Registers have 
the following : — 

Buriall Anno Domi 1591. The 23rd daye of Aprill Sr John Hodge- 
son [Hudson] parson of Ormside. 

Richard Burton, M.A., 1591—1635. 

The Burtons also were a local family of considerable 
influence and importance. It is not easy to trace the 

1144 The Ejected of 1662 

career of Richard Burton, who appears to have been a 
Pluralist. Indeed this part of the area was especially 
fruitful in Pluralism, and the difficulty of the narrator 
is greatly increased on that account. jS^icolson and Burn 
under Long Marton say of Richard Burton that he died 
in 1640. There was a Richard Burton at Dufton in 1646 
who was also at Great Orton in Cumberland ^ during this 

Robert Simpson, M.A., 1636 — 1661. 

He was collated by Bishop Potter March 15, 1635. In 

the Registers appears the following : — 

Mm. That Robert Syrason Gierke and Parson of Ormshead did 
publiquely reade the whole Booke of Articles the twenty Seaventh 
day of March according to the Computation of the Church of 

England 1636 in the parish Church of Ormshead aforesaid being 

att morning prayer and did thereunto willingly ex animo give his 
full assent and consent in the publique hearing of these whose 
names are here under written [names not copied]. 

A full account of Robert Simpson, who was a Pluralist in 
a high degree, is given under Bongate.^ He resigned 
Xov. 4, 1661, and went to Long Marton.^ Mr. Brunskill 
has the following as "Assistant priests " during this 
period : — 

Jon. Burbank 1594. 

George Parker 1636. 

•John Atkinson 1636. 

Barnabas Simpson, M.A., 1661 — 1679. 

He was collated Xov. 5, 1661, taking both Bongate and 
Ormside from his father, who resigned in his favour. 
Afterwards he added Long Marton to his list. He appears 
to have resigned the Ormside living in 1679.* 

John Simpson, B.A., 1679—1726. 

He was ordained Deacon, March 11, 1665-6, and the 
same day licensed to read prayers at Long Marton.^ He 

1. Vide pp. 229, 1154. 

2. Vide p. 1137. 

3. Vide p. 1151. 

4. Vide p. 1152. 

5. Episcopal Register. 

Ormside 1145 

was collated, March -3, 1679, and was tlie brother of 

Barnabas Simpson having previously been at Lazonby. 

The following from the Registers supplies the date of his 

Induction into the Ormside living : — 

Memorandum That John Symson Gierke and parson of Ormeside 
did Reade the whole booke of Articles publiquely the Seaventh day 
of March 1679 According to the Computation of the Church of 
England in the parish Church of Ormeside aforesaid in the time 
of Divine Service being the first Sunday after his induction and 
thereunto willingly and ex animo give his full assent and consent 
in the publique hearinge and presence of these whose names are 
under written, with many others [names not copied]. 

John Simpson died in 1726 as the following from the 
Eegisters shows: — 

Burialls 1726 
July 10th Mr. John Symson ^Minister of Ormside. 

He was one of few men in the Diocese, of Avhom Bishop 
Nicolson, writing in 1703, was able to speak in terms of 
Mgh praise. He says: — 

The present Eector (Mr. John Sympson, brother to Mr. Barnaby, 
of Long-Martin) is a very good man ; but wholly under the Guidance 
of his Brother William, with whom he lives here in Ormeshead 
at a little distance from his Parsonage-House. I found this in the 
same unfinish'd Condition, wherein I had seen it several years 
agoe ; with Floors unlaid, no Glass in the Windows, no Plaister 
on the Walls &c. Willm promises that all shall be very speedily 
perfected to my full satisfaction ; and I am willing to hope the 
best. The Barn and other Out-Houses are pretty well : some of 
'em very lately built from the ground.' 

The following also from the Registers in which John 
Simpson's name occurs are of sufficient interest to admit 
of their insertion here : — 

Agreede the 18th of Nov. 1724 With the consent of Mr. John 
Simpson Rector of Ormside that Robert Winder son of Tho. Winder 
is Bound or shall be Bond to Tho. Outhwait of Little Ormeside a 
Taylor for the tearm of Seaven year & ye sd Tho. Outhwaite is to 
have for his Prentis iTee the Sume of two pounds to be pd by the 
Church Wardens of Ormside 

John Simpson Rector. 

Memorandum That whereas there was fformerly fforty poundes 

1. Miscel. &c. p. 41. 

1 1 46 The Ejected of 1662 

given by Richard Burton p'son of Ormside, the rent to be deducted 
yearely for bindeinge of poore Legittiment Childringe to Appren- 
tices and that one William Barton of Breaker in the said parish 
of Ormside did Borrow the said Sum of the said Richard Burton 
and was to pay yearely the sum of Three pounds and for Securitie 
of the said sum did ingage the demisne at Breaker by indenture 
and the sum of Three pounds hath beene formerly payd yearely 
by the [said] William Barton and Robert Barton his son but now 
one John Pattieson of Pennreth did purchase the said Demisne at 
Breaker of Robertt Barton sonne of the said William and the said 
John Pattieson dening to pay the said pearely rent of Three pounds 
the parishioners of the parish of Ormeside did destraine and suite 
beinge Conamenst betwixt the said John Pattieson and the Parish- 
ioners of the aforesaid parrish the said John Pattieson did produce 
an intaile that the said William Barton was but onely Tennant for 
life and soe Could make noe Securiety for the said sum of fforty 
pounds and by advice of Counsell did receive the sum of fforty 
pounds of the said John Pattieson for the [title] abovesaid by 
the Consent of us whose names are under written Witnesse our 
names the day and yeare abovesaid. 

John Symson Parson 

&c &C- 
[Date not given.' 


This place is about the same distance north of Appleby 
as Ormside is south. The Church is dedicated to St. 
Mary. Its Registers date from 1586, and the following is 
a description of the earlier volumes : — 

The oldest Register in the Parish Chest at Long Marton dates from 
1586 and continues (with omissions) till 1627. 

There are no Entries from 1593 to 1598 ; and only a few Entries to 
1599 and none in 1602. 

There is a blank apparently from 1627 to 1654. 

The second Register dates from 1654 aJid continues to 1671. A blank 
then occurs up to 1695. 

A Third Register dates from 1695 & continues to 1714. 

The Registers for 1715, 1716 & 1720 are apparently missing and 
there are no Burials & Marriages for 1717 to 1732. i 

The oldest Register Book consists of five long slips of 
parchment, and begins in 1586 "ffebruarie the vth daye," 
with a baptism. The second consists of nine long slips 
of parchment headed thus : — 

The Register Booke for 
Long Marton of all the 

Srancis Gregson Christeninges Weddinges 

Allowed & Sworne & Burialls from 

Parish Regester May 9th one 

of Long martin thousand six 

aforesaid May hundred & ffiftie 

9th 1654 before foure. 

me Tho Burton. 

All these names [which follow] are renewed on ye next side least 

they should weare out. 

The third is a small paper volume of about 20 leaves. 
The following is the list of Incumbents : — 

Richard Burton, 1591 — 1640. 

In the account of Ormside reference is made to the 
difficulty experienced in relation to Richard Burton, 

1. Copy of Paper in the Parish Chest. 

1 148 The Ejected of 1662 

whom we meet at Ormside, Long Marten, Diifton and 
Great Orton, Cumberland, about tbe same time. Appear- 
ances point strongly to two persons of that name in this 
district. The person who held Great Orton and Dufton 
was one and the same ; and it Avould seem that Richard 
Burton of Long Marton had also Ormside in Plurality 
for many years, resigning that living in 1635, when he 
was succeeded by Robert Simpson. The Long Marton 
Rector, I imagine, was father to the Dufton one, and 
according to ?^icolson and Burn he died in 1640. " The 
ancient manor house, called Brampton-hall," write 
Nicolson and Burn, " was built anew by Thomas Burton 
esquire, grandson of Richard Burton, rector of this parish ; 
which Thomas Burton was a Justice of peace for this 
County in the time of Oliver Cromwell,^ and was after- 
wards knighted by King Charles the second for divers 
services he had performed (though an Oliverian) to the 
loyal party. The said Sir Thomas sold the same to the 
ancestor of the present George Baker of Ellemore-hall 
esquire, who sold the same to divers of the inhabitants, 
who demolished the hall, leaving only so much remaining 
as was sufficient for fitting up a farm house." ^ The 
Burton entries in the Registers are numerous and are 
here appended: — 

1591 August the viij daie Katheringe Burton the daughter of 
Mr. Richarde Burton and Alice his wife was baptized. 

August 25. The aforesaide Katheringe Burton was buried. 

1657. August Mrs Ann Burton ye daughter of Thomas Burton Esq 
and Mrs. Elizabeth his wife of Brampton baptized ye 13th day. 

November Mrs Ann Burton ye daughter of Thomas Burton Esq. 
and Mrs. Elizabeth his wife of Bramptoai buried the said 9th day of 

1658 August Mr. Thomas the Sonne of Thomas Burton Esq. and 
Mrs Elizabeth his wife of Brampton Baptized ye 5th day. 

1659 July Mr. Richard the Sonne of Thomas Burton Esq and 
Mrs. Elizabeth his wife of Brampton Baptized ye 2Lst day. 

Nov. Mr. Thomas ye son & hier of Thomas Burton Esq. & Mrs 
Elizabeth his wife of Brampton buried ye 10th day. 

1. His Diary of the Parliamentary proceedings 1656 — 1659, published 
in 1828 in four vols., is rare and most valuable. 

2. Vol. i, p. 363. 

Long Marton 1 1 49 

1660-1 Janua Sr. Thomas Burton of Brampton buried ye 3d day. 

1661 June Thomas the Sonne of Sr Tho Burton Knight late of 
Brampton & ye Lady Els. his wife Baptized the 20th day. 

1661. December Thomas ye Sonne of Sr. Thomas Burton Knight 
late of Brampton & ye Lady Elizabeth his wife buried ye 26th day. 

Henry Huttox, M.A., 1640—1654/5. 

He was instituted Feb. 11, 1640, on the Presentation of 
"ffran. Comes Cumbr."; and was the son of Judge Hutton, 
of the younger branch of the Huttons of Hutton Hall, in 
Penrith. He was a Prebendary of Carlisle in 1643, and 
appears in the Westmorland Certificate for 1646 as 
" parson of Long Marton, a Non covenantr and dis- 
affected." ^ Walker says that he " was educated at Jesus 
College, Cambridge, of which he was Fellow and Procter 
in 1639." 2 "He was ejected from his livings," says 
Jefferson, " by the commissioners of Cromwell ; and it is 
said, would have been promoted to the episcopal see of 
Carlisle at the Restoration, had he not died a few months 
before that event. His library, in which was a collection 
of the Fathers, in Greek and Latin, came by the favour 
of Arthur Savage, one of the prebendaries, into the posses- 
sion of the dean and chapter and was the foundation of 
their present well furnished library." ^ Nicolson and 
Burn, on the contraiy, say that he died soon after his 
Ejectment from the Prebendship. Here, as frequently in 
these matters, is considerable exaggeration. Henry 
Hutton does not seem to have been a very serious sufferer. 
That he lost the Prebendship at Carlisle is doubtless true : 
for the whole Cathedral system was swept away with the 
abolition of Episcopacy. His enjoyment, therefore, of 
this emolument was only brief seeing that the appoint- 
ment was made in 1643 ; but he was not disturbed at Long 
Marton until his death, in relation to the date of which 
both the above named Historians are at fault. The 
Registers record his burial thus : — 

1654-5 March Mr. Henry Hutton Parson of Marton buried ye 22nd 


l.Vide p. 111. 

2. Walker, Pt. ii, p. 10. 

3. Hist, of Carlisle, p. 266, Note. 


The Ejected of 1662 

It is pathetic to note that " Henry ye Sonne of ye said 
Mr. Henry Hutton and Mrs. Elizabetn his wife of Marton" 
was baptized five days afterwards. Foster says that 
Richard Hutton son of " Henry of Marton, Westmorland, 
sac " matriculated Queen's Coll. July 19, 1662, and was 
"bar-at-law Gray's Inn, 1671." ^ The passag-es just cited 
serve as a good illustration of the way in which Walker's 
statements, in the particular case before us quite 
restrained, have helped to weave around the Sequestered 
Clergy quite fanciful stories about the deprivations, which 
they suffered at the hands of Cromwell and tlie Common- 

Lancelot Lowther, 1654 — 1661. 

The reader is referred to Kirkby Thore and Addingham - 
for an account of Lancelot Lowther, and an attempt to 
deal with the difficulties which surround the two 
persons of that name. He had previously been at Kirkby 
Thore and Workington, and his appointment to Long 
Marton is given in the following terms : — 

Long Merton Know all men by these psents That 

Lancellot Lowther the Thirtieth day of May in the Pres. 

yeare One thousand six hundred flSty 23 

and five There was exhibited to ye Mayi 
Comissionrs for approbation of pub- 1654. 
lique preachers A presentation of 
Lancellot Lowther Gierke to the 
Rectory of Long Merton in the 
County of Westrland !Made to him 

by the Right Honble Anne Countesse 

Dowager of Pembroke &c the patroness 
thereof Together with a testimony 

in the behalf e of the said Lancellot Lowther of his holy and good 
conversation Upon perusall and due consideracon of the premisses 
and finding him to be a pson qualified as in and by the Ordinance 
for such approbation is required. The Conmiissioners above menconed 
have adjudged & approved the said Lancellot Lowther to be a fit 
person to preach the Gospell and have Graunted him admission 
and doe admitt the said Lancellot Lowther to the rectory of Long 
Merton aforesaid to be full & perfect possessor and Incumbent 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Vide pp. 352, 1165. 

Lane. Lowther Cert, 
as aforesaid by 

John Dalton 
Matt Wilkinson 
Ambr Rowland 

Long Marton 1 1 5 1 

thereof And doe hereby signitie to all persons concerned therein 
that he is hereby intituled to ye pfitts & pquisitts & all Rights 
& dues incident and belonging to ye said Rectory as fully & effec- 
tually as if he had beene instituted & inducted According to any 
Such Lawes and Customes as have in this Case formerly beene 
made had or used in this Realme In Witnesse whereof they have 
caused the Comon Seal to be hereunto afl&xed and ye same to be 
attested by the hand of ye Regr by his Highnes in yt behalfe 

Dated at Whitehall the 30th day of May 1655.' 

He remained here until his death in 1661, the following 
being the burial entry in the Registers : — 

1661 Aprill Mr. Lancelott Lowther Minister of the parish of Long 
Marton buried the 16th day. 

His Petition for one of three vacant Prebendaries at 
Carlisle only a few months before his death did not meet 
with success. The following is a copy : — 

1660 June(?). 
Peticon ' To the Kings Most Excellent Majestie 

of The humble petition of Lancelot Lowther Clerk. 

Lancelott Lowther. 

Himably Sheweth. 

That a prebendarie of Carlisle is void by 
the Death of ffrederick Tunstall, and 
now in your Maties guifte 
May it therefore please yor 
Sacred Majestie 

to Conferre the same uppooi yor 
And he (as in duty bound) shall 
ever pray for yor Matie. 2 

Robert Simpson, M.A., 1661. 

The Episcopal Register at Carlisle states that he 
resigned Bongate " Sept vie. 1661," also that he was 
inducted to " Long Marton vices, sexto Sept. 1661 " ; still 
further that he resigned " Ormeside alias Ormeshead, 
,Nov. 4, 1661." He read "the whole booke of Articles," 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 996. 

2. S. P. Dom., Car. ii, vol. 6, No. 19. 


The Ejected of 1662 

Oct. 20, 1661, " on the Lord's day at Morninge prayer and 
in the time of divine service." ^ 

Barnabas Simpson, M.A., 1679 — 1712. 

He was instituted, Jan.- 8, 1679, on the Presentation of 
" Johes Tufton Arm." He succeeded his father at Bon- 
gate and Ormside, and subsequently took from him also 
Long Marton. He died in 1712 ; the two following entries 
note the burial of himself and his wife, who predeceased 
him by a little over two years : — 

1709-10, ffebruary 20 Mrs Elizabeth Symson ye wife of Barn : 
Symson Rector of Marton who dyed feb. 18th betwixt 8 and 9 of ye 
clock at night was buryed aforesd on ye 20 of ffebruary 1709. 

1712 December the 12th Barnaby Simson Rector of Marton Buried. 

1. Parish Registers; also vide pp. 1141, 1144. 


Dufton is about two miles east of Long Martoii, ap- 
proaching the wild mountain scenery which forms the 
eastern wall of the County, Dufton Pike, 1,578 ft., being 
only a short distance away. The Church is dedicated to 
St. Cuthbert, and its Registers begin in 1571. Several 
pages appear to have gone from the beginning of the 
earlier volume, and some of the remainder are very 
dilapidated. It ought also to be said that 1571 appears 
to be written by a later hand. The first vohime cove rs 
the years 1571 to 1617: the second 1619 to 1652; the third 
1653 to 1672. With reference to the third we have tlie 
following : — 

The Regester Booke for the Parish of Dufton for Marriages 
Berthes and burialls beginninge September 2.3. 1653. 

Be itt remembered that the 24th day of September 1653 Wilhn 
Atkinson came before me and was swoi'ne & approved of to be the 
Paresh Regester for the Parish of Dufton aforesd Acccrd'nge to Act 
of Parliamt of the 24th of August last m the year appended 
Thcs Burton. 

A new " Regester booke " was begun in 1679. This is in 
paper and much torn at the edges. The others are in 
parchment; the ink is worn away in many places, but 
much is recoverable. The following is a list of Incum- 
bents : — 

John Dent, 1566 — 1575, 

He died the latter year and his burial entry is thus 
given : — 

1575 October xth day John Dente parson of Duftcn was buryed. 

Chhistopher Walkee, 1575 — 1624. 

His burial entry in the Registers reads thus : — 

1624-5 iJebruarie the 28 was Chrestofer Walker pson of Dutton 

Christopher Walker, possibly a descendant, by his Will, 
dated 1670, gave £40, the interest of which was to assist 

1 1 54 The Ejected of 1662 

in the support of " a Schoolmaster at Dufton to be 
appointed by the rector, the lord's bailiff and six sufficient 
men of the town of Dufton." ^ He held Appleby, St. 
Lawrence, in Plurality for some time.^ 

Richard Burton, M.A., 1624. 

He was instituted April 8, 1624, on the Presentation of 
*' Johes Simson de Appleby." This was the person who 
was also at Great Orton, and who was compelled to relin- 
quish one of his livings. An account of him appears 
there ^ and all that is further necessary is to append the 
Burton entries in the Registers : — 

1627 Julye The 22 was Thomas Burton the Sonne of Richard Burton 
and Anne his wife Baptized. 

1628-9 The ffirst day of March was Richard Burton, the son of 
Richard Burton the yonger baptized. 

1629-30 March ye 4 was Richard Burton yonger ye son of Richard 
Burton baptized. 

August ye 1st 1632 Pearse Burton son of Richard Burton parson 
was Babtyzed. 

1634-5 January Anne daughter of Mr. Richard Burtonn and 
Mistresse Anne his wife bap. 18. 

1641 Novem. 4 Robert fili. Richard Burton Clerk baptized. 

In the Westmorland Certificate for 1646 he is referred to 
as " parson of Dufton, a pluralist." * How long he 
remained here is not known ; but he was certainly here in 
1650. On Dec. 2, 1650, he " maketh oath that he hath 
made noe release of ye Manner of Soulby to Sr Philipp 
Musgrave or to any person for his use, but to Thomas 
Burton [of Brampton, Co. Westmorland] his eldest son, 
in trust for ye maintenance & preferrmt. of himself e, & 
other of bretheren & sisters, all wch the said Richard 
Burton ans[we]rreth to be true upon oath." This was in 
presence of Ger. Benson, Rich. Crackanthorpp, Roger 
Bateman, John Fallowfield.^ 

1. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 358. 

2. Vide p. 1129. 

3. Vide p. 229. 

4. Vide p. 111. 

5. Westmorland Note Book, vol. i, p. 88. 

Dufton 1 1 55 

Edward Preston, 1657. 

This is quite a new name. He appears in the Survey 
for 1657 ^ ; and the following establishes his appointment 
to Dufton : — 

Dufton in Edward Preston CI. Admitted ye 1st day of 

ye County of December 1658 to ye R. of Dufton in ye County of 

Westmerland. Westmland Upon a pres. exhibited the same day from 

the Keepers of ye Liberty of England by authority of 

parliamt under ye great Seal of England the patrons. 

And Certificates &c Jo. Dalton Jo. Thwaite* Math. Wilkinson of 

Bampton Tho. ffawcett. 2 

Evidently he conformed and received reinstitution Aug. 
25, 1661, on the Presentation of Christ. Clapham. He 
removed shortly afterwards. 

Simon Webster, 1661 — 1675. 

He had been previously at Brougham, ^ and was insti- 
tuted to Dufton on the same Presentation on Sept. 27,. 
1661. He duly read the " 39 Articles " as the following 
shows : — 

ffebr 25th 1662-3 were the 39 Articles of the Church of England 
Read in the Church of Dufton in the time of divine Service by 
Mr. Symond Webster Clerk Rector of Dufton and declared his assent 
and his consent to ye use off the things contained in ye booke of 
Common prayer and read ye Ordinaries Certificate off his. subjection 
to ye declaration according to ye Act off uniformitie. 
Witnesses hereof 

Richard Deane 

William -Ewbancke 

Thomas Watson mke X 

John Gargate mke X 

Willm Atkinson. 4 

He held the Penrith living in Plurality with Dufton for 
some time. ^ A daughter, Jane, was baptized, Oct. 25,. 
1666. He himself died in 1675. 

1. Vide Appendix II, p. 1310. 

2. Lambeth MSS (Plund. Min.) 999. 

3. "Vide p. 1247. 

4. Parish Registers. 

5. Vide p. 432. 

1 1 56 The Ejected of 1662 

James Buchanax, M.A., 1675 — 1680. 

He was instituted, July 3, 1675, on the death of 
Webster, the Presentation being the same. He was the 
son of George Buchanan of Kirkby Lonsdale, and was 
previously at St. Lawrence, Appleby. ^ The following 
baptismal entry appears in the Registers: — 

John Buchanan son of Mr. Janies Buchanan and Emma Buchanan 
his wife was Baptized ye 20th day of May. 

This is the first entry in the " New Register Booke " for 

1679. His burial is noted thus : — 

Anno Dni 1680 Mr. James Buchanan buried Aprill Isfc 1680. 

JoHX LixDSAY, 1680—1728. 

He was instituted on the same Presentation, May 7, 

1680, and after a lengthened ministry of nearly 50 years 
died. His burial entry is as follows: — 

1728 The Reverend Mr. John Lindsay Rector of this Parish Buried 
Sept. 11th. 

His wife had predeceased him only a few months as 
witness the Registers : — 

1727-8 March 18 Mrs Lilias the wife of Mr. Jchn Lindsay Rector 
ibid buryed. 

1. Vide p. 1134. 


This is about three miles north of Long Marton. The 
Church is dedicated to St. Edmund, and the Registers 
begin in Dec. 1571. The earlier volume is well bound, 
but many of the pages have faded, and, in some cases, the 
leaves have been mutilated. The entries are continuous 
through the period with which we are concerned. The 
following is the list of Incumbents : — 

EoLAND Yaux, 1580—1626. 

He was presented by Henry Crackenthorp, Esq., whose 
seat, Crackenthorp Hall, is almost adjoining the Church. 
The following interesting entry occurs in the Westward 
Registers : — 

Item Upon the same day [2nd day of Feb. 1619] did Mr. Rowland 
Vauxe pson of newbigging make and preache a Sermon att Westward 
there wth this text who so doth these things shall nev. fall Psalmes 
the 15 verse last. 

Roland Yaux died in 1626 as the following from the 
Registers shows : — 

The viij of June 1626 Mr. Roland vauxe who had bene pson of 
inewbigin fforty odd yeares was buried the day and yeare above 

John Morland, 1655. 

He was ordained Deacon, Sept. 21, 1623, and instituted 
on the Presentation of the King. The baptism of a child 
is thus recorded in the Registers : — 

1634 Aprill 28 Richard the Sonne of John Morland Rector of 
Newbegin was baptized. 

How long before this he had the living does not appear; 
but in all probability he was the immediate successor of 

1 1 58 The Ejected of 1662 

Roland Yaux. His death took place in 1655, the follow- 
ing burial entry being witness : — 

1655 May 19 this day was Buried Mr. John [Morland] clerke & 
Rector of the Church of newbygin. 

In the Westmorland Certificate he is given as " Minister 
of Newbiggin a non covenantr." ^ William Morland " of 
Winton (sometime rector of Graystock) gave to the 
Church at Ravenstonedale £100." ^ Whether he was 
related to John Morland of Newbiggin has not been ascer- 
tained. Foster gives quite a number of Morlands, natives 
of these two Counties, who were graduates of Oxford 

Christopher Barrow, 1658. 

The Commonwealth Survey for 1658 states that he was 
here in that year^ ; and the two following extracts from 
the Registers contain his name : — 

October 1664 

2d die Collected at Newbiggin in the Countie of Westmland for 

Henrie — of the sume of one shilling tenn pense : Chresto 

Barrowe Curate there Heoirie Porter and John Barker. Churchwardens. 
1675-6 Januarie The last daie of this Month Anne the wife of 

Chrestopher Barrowe Rector of this pish buried. 

Possibly Christopher Barrow fills up the whole period 
from Morland to Dawson. There was a Christopher 
Barrow, son of Christopher Barrow of Cartmel, who 
graduated B.A. in St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1671.* 
Thomas Dawson, 1679—1697. 

He was instituted Aug. 23, 1679, on the Presentation of 
" Edward Baynard Arm." The Registers have the 
following entries : — 

Anne the daughter of Mr. Thomas Dawson was bapt the 27th day 
of June 1663. 

Mr. Thomas Dawson, Rector of Newbiggin, was buryed 5th day 
of March 1697-8. 

A person of this name was at Temple Sowerby. ^ 

1. Vide p. 111. 

2. Nicolfion and Bum, vol. i, p. 523. 

3. Vide p. 1309. 

4. Sedbergh School Register, p. 89. 

5. Vide p. 1173 



Thomas Jackson, B.A., 1698—1730. 

He was licensed Curate July 31, 1698, and instituted 
Rector, on the death of Dawson", Sept. 26, 1698, on a 
Presentation by Richard Crackenthorp, Esq. A very 
unfavourable character is given to him in Nicolson's 
Diaries, both he and his wife being compelled to do 
penance for scandalousness.^ He died in 1730 as the 
following shows : — 

Mr. Thomas Jackson Rector of Newbiggin was buryed the 
December 1730.^ 

1. Trans. (N. S.), vol. iii, pp. 54 et passim. 
2. Registers. 



This is a village a few miles north of Kirkby Thore, the 
nearest station being Newbiggin. It was formerly a 
Chapel of Ease for Kirkby Thore, and is an ancient foun- 
dation. It is dedicated to St. Cuthbert, and Nicolson and 
Burn say that in the "Sandford ile, there is a monument of 
Anne wife of Hichard Sandford of Howgill-castle esquire, 
who had 18 children, and died Jan. 29, 1605." i The 
Hectors of Kirkby Thore had charge of it, as they had of 
Temple Sowerby, though in earlier days it would appear to 
have enjoyed much greater importance than it did later. 
In 1625, for example, it is described as a "Rectory" of the 
value of £9 Is. 5|d.^ Its Registers begin in 1678, and the 
following interesting note in reference to them has been 
copied from a paper in the possession of the present 
Yicar : — 

3 Eegisters anterior to 1813 belonging to the Chapelry of Milbourne. 
1 Register containing Marriages Baptisms & Funerals beginning 
A.D. 1678 & terminating A.D. 1719. Very imperfect it appears spoiled 
with radn water but how or by whose negligence cannot now be 
ascertained. It is said to have been discovered in its despoiled state 
by the Revd W. Ealner formerly Curate of the Chapelry of Milbourne 
so early as A.D. 1759 it being then in the keep of a chapel Clerk. 
There is not a page which is not more or less defaced, some entries 
are legible some not, they perhaps need not to be enumerated, it would 
be infinite labour to do it. 

1 Register containing Marriages Baptisms & Funerals beginning 
A.D. 1719 & ending 1812, the marriages ending Feby 26. 1754. This 
is defaced in part in the Baptisms from 1721 to 1726, but not entirely 
illegible, perhaps they may be deciphered. How this has happened 
is not known, perhaps from bad parchment or the ink or both. 

1 Register of Marriages beginning June 11. 1754 & ending 14th Nov. 
1812 perfect. These are all the Registers belonging to the Chapel of 
Milbourne anterior to 1813. 

A copy of the above annexed to a Schedule of the Registry of 
Milbourne for Marriages, Baptisms & Funerals was made in April 1831. 

P. Threlkeld Senr 
April 23. 1831. 

1. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 389. 

2. Institution Books. 

Milbum 1 1 6 1 

The following is a list of persons who have served the 

Cure here : — 


John Spedding, 1572. 

This is given on the authority of Mr. C. B. Robinson 
of York, who in 1879, compiled a list of perpetual Curates 
of this place. No further information about him has 
been obtained. 

EiCHARD Fleming, B.C.L., 1625. 

He was instituted, Feb. 8, 1625, on a Presentation from 
the King. Doubtless the person of this name in reference 
to whom Foster says : — " Subscribed 15 Oct. 1613; B.C.L. 
from New Coll. 9 Nov. 1620, rector of Clifton, Westmor- 
land, 1625, and of Cliburn, Westmorland, 1626." ^ If 
this is the same in all probability he held the livings in 
Plurality. How far the statement about Lancelot 
Lowther of Kirkby Thore having charge of Milbum is to 
be accepted as correct ^ is not clear ; but it would appear 
that Milbum went rather with Cliburn than with Kirkby 
Thore. There was a Richard Fleming at Great Orton 
about this time,^ who was probably the same individual. 

Timothy Tullie, M.A., 1639. 

He was collated, June 19, 1639, by Bishop Potter, suc- 
ceeding Richard Fleming. Further information respect- 
ing him will be found in the accounts of Cliburn and the 
Carlisle Churches.* 

Alexander Bates, 1646. 

This is quite a new name, the authority for it being the 
Westmorland Certificate for 1646.^ He is there referred 
to simply as " minister of Milburne," and the two sug- 
gested Elders are : — " Sir Richard Sandford Kt. and Mr. 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 1165. 

3. Vide pp. 229, 1243. 

4. Vide pp. 157, 1243. 

5. Vide p. 111. 

1 1 62 The Ejected of 1662 

Thomas Harrison." He was here in 1651, and signed 
certain Articles against Sir Richard Sandford, who is 
.described as a Delinquent : — 

3 November 

1651. ARTICLES exhibited against Sr. RICHARD SANDFORD 
Knt. touchinge his delinquency to ye Parliament of the Common- 
wealth of England by Alexander Bates ministr of Milbume. 

That Sr. Richard Sandford Knight did by [buy] armes, vizt twentie 
musketts or thereabouts which armes were imployed in yt service agt. 
the Parliament, under tho command of his sonne Sr. Thomas Sand- 
ford, who was a coll. for the King in the first and second warre. 

That at the time the Parliaments forces entered the county of 
Westmerland the Castle of Howgill was Garrisoned and not before, 
the sd Sr. Richard remaining within it all the while it was garrisoned, 
he maintaining the soldiers and when the Parliament forces came, 
went forth himselfe and commanded others to goe to disarme of the 
Parliaments soldiers that came up towards the castle of Howgill. 


In the days of Thomas Machell, Rector of Kirkby 
Thore, Milburn fell to much the same position as that 
occupied by Temple Sowerby. The following from the 
Registers is evidence of the fact : — 

1678 These 5 Affidavits were delivered to me by Mr. Hall (my 
Reader att Milbume) as Presented to him wthin 8 Dayes, after each 
funerall & were enter'd in this Register May the 27th by me 

Tho : Machell Rector 
of Kerkby thore. 

Registers begining March 1678-9 

Mem here wantes the account of all Christenings in the time of 
Thomas Jackson of Kerkhouse while he was Clerke, They never being 
delivered by him to me Thom. Machell. 


Thomas Atkinson of Milbume was appointed Clerke for Milbume 
Chappel dureing my Pleasure & declared to be soe by me Tho Machell 

1. Royalist Composition Papers, Ist Series, vol. cxi : Westmorland 
Note Book, vol. i, p. 197. 


Milburn 1163 

Aug. 6 1683. This Register subscribed at Kirkby thore by us 
Tho Machell Rector 
William Staveley 
John Bell 
and John Bell 
Church Wardens 
of Milburne. 
— Hall, 1678. 

As stated above he was Reader here in 1678, but there 
is no further information about him, 

Egbert Moore, 1704 — 1716. 

Robert Moore "de Ormside" was ordained Deacon, Sept. 
20, 1668, and Priest Sept. 25, 1670. The following entries 
relating to him appear in the Registers : — 

1704 Rebecca the wife of Mr. Moore Curate, buried Sept. 14. 

1707 Robert Moor Curate & Jane Hunter Marryed April 20. 

1716 Mr. Robert Moore Curate Buried May 2. 

Matthew Wilkinson, 1719 — 1731. 


This is a village some five miles north west of Appleby. 
The Church is dedicated to St. Michael ; and the Registers 
begin in 1593. This first volume is of paper, and the 
first page is occupied with the Act relating to burial in 
woollen. The Registers begin on page 3, and are prefaced 
thus : — 

A register of Christnings, burialls and Weddinges within the parish 
of Kirby thure beginninge in the yeare of our lord God 1593. 

The first page appears to be a copy, but the other would 
seem to be original entries. The writing is exceedingly 
good and clear in the early pages, but the edges are a 
little worn. Later we meet with the following: — 
Here wants 1609 — 1643 all which see in the parchmt Book. 

Unfortunately this book cannot be found. In another 
place : — 

The old Register Breakes of at June 4th 1643. This Supplement 
beginning 1646 : So yt 3 years are lost. 

Then follows : — 

A redgester of Christninges and burialls and weddinges within the 
parish of Kerkby thure beginninge in the years of our lord 1646. 

The following is the list of Incumbents : — 

Robert Warcop, 1568 — 1597. 
He resigned in 1597. 

Thomas Warcop, M.A., 1597. 

How long he held the living is not certain, but that he 
was here in 1622 the following shows : — 

1622 The christninge of Mary the daughter of Mr. Thomas Warcopp 

pson of Kerbithure the xxiiij day of October.' 

Foster has the following respecting a person of this name : 
1. Newbiggin Registers. 

Kirkby Thore 1165 

" Thomas Warcopp of Westmorland pleb : Queen's Coll. 
matric. entry 8 June 1588, aged 13, B.A. 21 Feb. 1592-3, 
M.A. T July 1596." ^ This he identifies with the Yicar 
of Wigton of that name, who was instituted to the living 
there in 1613, and whose tombstone in the Wigton grave- 
yard states that he died in 1653. ^ Is this person to be 
identified with Thomas Warcop of Kirkby Thore? 
Appearances point strongly in that direction; and, if so, 
he must have held the two livings in Plurality for a time. 

Lancelot Lowthee, 1629. 

He was instituted, Sept. 25, 1629, on a Presentation by 
Francis, Earl of Cumberland. Xicolson and Burn say 
that he had also the Chapels of Milburn and Temple 
Sowerby. Considerable difficulty has been experienced in 
relation to Lancelot Lowther, partly because of the system 
of Pluralism so prevalent in those days, and partly because 
there appear to have been two persons of this name with 
livings in the same area at the same time. Foster 
has the following:- — "B.A. Trinity Coll. Dublin; in- 
corporated 11 Oct. 1624; M.A. from Christ Church 
20 June 1625 (S. of William of Ingleton, Yorks.) ; rector 
of Kirkby Thore, Westmorland, 1629, and of Workington, 
Cumberland, 1634, which he had deserted in 1645, though 
in the following year he was sequestered by the West- 
minster Assembly to the Vicarage of Addingham, Cum- 
berland ; brother of B,obert 1631, and father of Christopher 
1646." 3 Also : " Lowther Lancelot ' eq. Aur. fil ' : B.A. 
from Oriel Coll. 14 May, 1614, M.A. 21 Jan., 1616-T (3 s. 
Sir Christopher), rector of Long Marton, Westmorland, 
and died in 1661." * It is quite certain that Foster has 
somewhat confused matters here, though in so doing he 
has followed ^icolson and Burn. Their statement under 
Long Marton is as follows : — " The next incumbent 
[following Henry Hutton] seems to have been Lancelot 
Lowther, son of Sir Christopher Lowther of Lowther, 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 522. 

3. Al. Ox. 

4. Ihid. 

II 66 The Ejected of 1662 

which Lancelot died in 1661, being very old; it being then 
54 years after the death of his father, who died at the 
age of 77." ^ It is at once frankly admitted that a solu- 
tion to the whole problem has not yet been found but the 
following things seem to be clear : — Lancelot Lowther, 
son of William of Ingleton, who was the eighth son of 
Sir Richard Lowther, had Kirkby Thore and Workington 
in Plurality for some time. In the Westmorland Certifi- 
cate for 1646 he is described as "parson of Kirkbytheuer, 
a Malignant & pluralist lately come from ye Kings 
Quarters." Hugh Atkinson of Appleby states at Kendal 
on Oct. 18, 1648, "that he did see Mr. Henry Button 
Gierke, and Mr. Lancelott Lowther amongst the Kings 
fforces in Carlisle when that Carlisle was a Garrison agt. 
ye Parliament."^ Walker gives him a place among his 
Sequestered Clergy.^ His so called Sequestration by the 
" E/Oundheads " in 1645, however, appears to have merely 
meant that he had to surrender one of his two livings, the 
policy of the new regime being to put an end to Pluralism 
which was a crying evil. The living which he sur- 
rendered was Workington. Contrary to the statement in 
the Petition, which says that he was sequestered from both 
his livings, he continued to hold Kirkby Thore, and was 
here as late as 1654. In proof of this is the following 
from the Registers : — 

1652 Jarret ye sonne of Mr. Lanslot Lowder baptized October ye 

1653 Margrat the daughter of Mr. Lanslot Lowder died and was 
buried Aprill the 16th. 

1654 John the Son of Mr. Lanslot Lowder baptized May ye xxvi. 

Moreover, we know that William Walker succeeded 
Lancelot Lowther in 1654, the year of his appointment 
to Long Marton. Why did he leave Kirkby Thore? 
Thomas Machel is quite positive, and so are Xicolson and 
Burn, that he was " ejected from Kirkby Thore," and the 
latter add that he " seems to have had interest to keep 

1. Nicolaon and Bum, vol i, p. 361. 

2. Westmorland Note Book, vol. i, p. 200. 

3. Walker, Pt. ii, p. 299. 

Kirkby Thore ' 1167 

Harton of which place he died rector in 1661." ^ This 
sentence illustrates the way in which these Historians 
generally viewed these matters. It was not a question of 
" interest " at all; and if it was a case of Sequestration he 
was not long out of a living, because his appointment to 
Long Marton synchronizes with the baptism of his child 
at Kirkby Thore. The whole story indeed of Lancelot 
Lowther shows how greatly this matter of Sequestration 
by the " E-oundheads " has been overdone. That it was 
tlie Kirkby Thore E-ector who was at Long Marton seems 
certain, and it is not less certain that he died here in 1661 
in possession of the living; but the matter is very greatly 
complicated by the following Petition from his widow. 
It is curious that though the date of this Petition is given 
as 1661, it appears in the Calendar of State Papers for 
1665-6 against " 1665 ( ?) " : — 
To ye King's most Excellt Matie 

The humble Peticon of Sarah widow of 
Lancelot Lowther Batchellor in Divinity and 
late Chaplaine to ye Rt. hoble ye 
Earle of Cumberland Deed. 

That yor Petrs said Husband being by ye said Earle prsented to 
ye Parsoinage of Kirby Thure in ye County of Westmoreland and 
after that to ye parsonage of Workinton in ye County of Cumberland 
by Sr Patricius Curwen Knt was (in ye yeare 1646) Sequestred from 
both ye said Benefices meerely for his Loyalty to yr Mats Royall 
Father (of blessed memory) and Soe Continued till his Death being 
upon ye 7th of Aprill 1661 at wch time haveing waited Long in hopes 
of being restored to the said Benefices and for other preferments in 
Recompence of his said great Sufferings, he left yor Petr who had 
brought a considerable Fortune to him, wth a Charge of Seven 
Children in a deplorable Condicon for want of maintenance and 
haveing (to add Gall to Bittemesse) made foure Severall Journeys 
hither of two hundred Miles an end (at great Expence and to her 
further Impoverishment) in Expectacon of relief e wthout any effect. 

Most humbly prayes That yor Matie (in consideracon of ye 
premisses) will be Gratiously pleased to conferr a SchoUars Place in 
Sutton Hospital upon yor Petrs Son Gerrard Lowther 2 ye first that 
shall happen to be voyd and in yor Maties Proper Guift, and that he 

1. Nicolson and Bum, vol. i, p. 374. 

2. Baptized in 1652, vide p. 1166, where he appears as Jarret. 


The Ejected of 1662 

may have yor Maties Warrant in usuall forme Containing a grant 
thereof directed to ye Governrs of ye said Hospital! to ye end that he 
may be presented, elected and registered at thier next Eleccon of 
Schollars accordingly, or if that cannot be obtained That yor Matie 
will vouchsafe her Some other releife tovsrards ye Maintenance of her 
selfe & seven fatherlesse Children 

And yor Petr (as in duty bound) shall 
Ever pray &c. 
The Peticon of Sarah Lowther Widow. 
These are to Certifie all to whom these prsents shall come. 

That Mr. Lancelot - Lowther Batchellr in Divinity was Chaplain to 
ye Rt. hoble ye Earle of Cumberland who presented him to the 
Parsonage of Kirkby Thure in ye County of Westmoreland & also was 
prsented to ye Parsonage of Workinton in ye County of Ciunberland 
By Sr. Partricius Curwen from both wch Benefices he was Sequestred 
in ye Yeare 1646 meerely for his Loyalty to his late Matie of ever 
blessed memory & remained so Sequestred and Ejected till his Death 
wch was in ye 7 of Aprill last at Westmr. whither he came about 
Eight Months before waiting to be restored to his Liveings & for other 
prferment and that he hath left a widow who brought a Considerable 
Porcon to him in a Sad and deplorable Condition & 7 young Children 
all unprovided for. Dated ye 

Twenty day of May 1661. 

I am able to Certifie ye Truth of this Certificate and to add more 
of the Loyalty and Worth of the Deceased Mr. Lowther & of the 
Deplorable Condicon of the Religious Widow 
I. Philip Musgrave. 

I knew Mr. Lancelot Lowther to be a very honest and a very well 
affected person both to the King & to ye Church as appeares by his 
long and Constant Suffering for them both I know himselfe that he 
was a Gent of a very good ffamily and one that lived formerly in a 
very good Condition but was by ye Callamity of these times reduced 
to very great want which is all he hath left to his wife who as I am 
Credibly informed brought him 150011 Portion besides ye Charity of 
good Christians to Support herselfe & 7 Children. 

George Worster 
Jo. Earles Dean of Westmr.* 
Gilbert London 
June 18. 1661 
Vera Copia. 

How is this Petition to be reconciled with the position 
here assumed? It cannot be; and after an examination 
of several such I have come to the conclusion, not that 

1. S. P. Dom., Car. ii, vol. 142, No. 151 (Record Office). 


Kirkby Thore 1 1 69 

they were fictitious, but that they were toned, coloured and 
shaped for the occasion. The impression intended to be 
produced is that Lancelot Lowther had been without bene- 
fice of any kind from the time of his Sequestration in 1645. 
Such, however, we have seen was not the case. Of course 
it would be considered a hardship to be compelled to 
relinquish any living, no matter how many the holder had. 
Over and over again we meet with this sort of thing, and 
the men so deprived claimed to be the greatest sufferers; 
but that is not quite the idea which the expression "Suffer- 
ings of the Clergy" suggests unto us. Lancelot Lowther 
petitioned for a vacant Prebendship, in June 1660, but 
without success; and his burial entry, dated April 16,^ 
1661, appears in the Long Marton Registers. Can it 
be that he had somewhat adjusted himself to the new 
conditions, and that this was remembered against him 
at the Restoration? Unless there was something of this 
kind it is difficult to account for the non success of his 
Petitions, and especially to understand why he was not 
reinstated to one or both of his old livings. At any rate 
the suppression of the information about the Long Marton 
living in his widow's Petition is highly singular. His 
brother was Robert Lowther, B.C.L., of Jesus College, 
Oxford, and Rector of Bewcastle in 1663. ^ For the other 
Lancelot Lowther, son of Sir Christopher, the reader is 
referred to Addingham.^ 

William Walker, M.A., 1654^1677. 

Nicolson and Burn say that a third Warcop of the 
, name of Thomas had the living after the Ejection of 
[Lancelot Lowther, and died during the usurpation. They 
[give as successor to Thomas Warcop, William Walker. 
This is clearly a mistake, and this third Thomas Warcop 
is a fiction. According to the Registers Lancelot Lowther 
would seem to have been here in May 1654, and Willi&m 
Walker was in possession of the living -shortly after. The 

1. The date given in the Petition is April 7th. 

2. Vide p. 293. 

3. Vide p. 351. 

1 1 70 The Ejected of 1662 

Machell MSS. are the authority for Nicolson and Bum's 
statement; but, though it is perfectly plain, they have 
evidently misunderstood the passage. It is as follows: — 

Kirkby Thore. 

Thomas Machell is the present Incumbent being a second brother 
of this ancient family of the Machells of Crakanthorpe. Other 
Incumbents since the restoration of King Charles the second there 
have not been any but William Walker Mr of Arts of Christ's CoUedge 
in Cambridge & sometime Schoolmaster of Gigleswick in Yorkshire ; a 
man skilled in physick & well deserving in other respects if he had 
not been imposed on this parish by an high hand in Oliver's time 
instead of Mr. Lancelot Lowther (an eminent preacher) who 'was 
turned out of place in those most dismall & rebellious times for his 
Great Loyalty to King Charles the first & his fidelity to the Church 
of England, aaad though it be beyond the due limits of this Enquiry 
to add any more yet having a Catalogue of Severall other Rectors by 
me I shall not scruple to make mention of them : being generally 
persons of good note & quality for before Mr Lowther was one Thomas 
Warcop Mr. of Arts a younger brother of an ancient family in this 
County of Westmland tho now in decay, the chiefe of which is 
Thomas Warcop of Colby gentleman Alderman of Appleby.* 

The MSS. say that Thomas Warcop was before Lancelot 
Lowther, and this we know to have been the case. They 
further make it clear that William Walker was the imme- 
diate successor of Lancelot Lowther. The Episcopal 
Register has the following respecting Walker : — 

1665 ( ?) William Walker, M.A., of Kirkby Thore admissus fuit in 
Capellan. nostriun Domesticu. 

The following are the Walker entries in the Kirkby Thore 
Registers. They all appear together, under the year 1672, 
and were probably entered by William Walker himself. 
They do not in every particular agree with the entries 

Ellen the Daughter of William Walker Rector of Kirkby Thore 
borne the nineteenth of March 1654. 

Ann the daughter ot Mr. William Walker was borne the 17tb 
of, March 1656. 

Dorothy ye daughter of W. Walker Rector ibid the eighth Day of 
August 1658. 

Henry ye sone of W. Walker Rector ibid borne the 6th of September 

1. Machell MSS., vol. i, p. 530. 


Kirkby Thore 1 1 7 1 

Henry the sone ibid buried the eleventh of Februrary 1659. 

Elizabeth the daughter ibid Borne the last of December 1660 

Gulielmus filius Guliel. Walker natus 4 die Augusti 1663. 

Bridget the daughter ibid borne ye 20th of October 1666 obijt An 

Obijt Uxor Charissima sumo gradu delectissima vigessimo nono 
Januarij An. Dom. 1669, Alice Walker 

Henory the son of Mr. Wilyam Walker died & was buried 
Jenneware 17. 1659. 

Elizabeth Daugh of Mr. William Walker Bap. Jan 24 1660. 

Bridget the daughr of William Walker died April 8. 1668. 
Mrs Alice Walker the wife of Mr. William Walker Rector [by a 
later hand] died & was Buried Jan. 30. 1668 

His own burial entry is as follows : — 

Mr. WiUiam Walker died & was bur. May. 26. 1677. 

It will be noted that William Walker connects the 
Commonwealth with the Restoration, retaining his living 
amidst all the changes of the time. He must have 
adjusted himself to the new conditions. He had the 
Uldale living in Plurality with Kirkby Thore. ^ 

Thomas Machell, M.A., 1677 — 1698. 

He was instituted Aug. 14, 1677, on the Presentation of 
" John Lupton, Ar." and inducted Aug. 15. Foster says 
that he was the son of Lancelot of Crackenthorpe, West- 
morland, gent. ; educated at Queen's College, Oxford, 
matriculating there Feb. 5, 1663-4, at the age of 16 years; 
graduated B.A. in 1668; became Fellow and M.A. March 
11, 1671-2; the "antiquary" F.R.S.; Rector of Kirkby 
Thore in 1677 ; and Minister of Temple Sowerby besides 
being Chaplain in ordinary to Charles II. in 1679.^ He 
was a diligent gleaner in fields of local lore, and his MSS., 
some six large volumes in the Dean and Chapter Library, 
Carlisle, a miscellaneous' but most useful collection, are a 
monument of patient industry. The Registers bear the 
imprint of his interesting personality in the shape of 
numerous notes and comments. He died in 1699. 

1. Vide p. 555. 

2. Al. Ox 

1 172 

The Ejected of 1662 

Edmund Wickins, M.A., 1699—1722. 

He was of St. Jolin's College, Cambridge, where lie 
graduated B.A. in 1680 and M.A. in 1683; was instituted 
April 10, 1699, on the Presentation of the Earl of Thanet ; 
and inducted five days afterwards. He died in 1722, the 
following being his burial entry : — 

Mr. Edward Wickins, Rector of Kirkby there was buried on the 
North Side of the Altar in the Chancel of the Church of Kirkby thore 
in Woollen only on friday July 27. 1722. 


Temple Sowerby is a considerable village a couple of 
miles west of Kirkby Thore. The earliest Registers begin 
in 1662. They are a thin paper volume in good condi- 
tion, and the writing is easily deciphered. Temple 
Sowerby served as a Chapel of Ease to Kirkby Thore, the 
Rector of that place appointing as his substitute a person, 
whom he called " Curate," " Reader " or " Chaplain." 
The Church is dedicated to St. James. It has already 
been stated that during the Incumbency of Lancelot 
Lowther at Kirkby Thore he had charge of Temple 
Sowerby; but the name of no Curate of that period has 
been preserved. From Thomas Machell's day, however, 
it is otherwise ; the Registers provide us with the names 
of men who served in one capacity or the other well into 
the next Century : — 

Robert Brockell, 1668. 

He is given as "de Temple Sowerby," when he was 
ordained Deacon, Sept. 20, 1668. 

Thomas Dawson, 1669. 

At the beginning of the Register Book is the following : 
per Thomam Dawson, Lectorem p'psertem — 2 — 0, 1669. 

He was ordained Deacon, Sept. 25, 1670. Other entries 
respecting him in the Registers are the following : — 

Thomas ftawcett of Temple Sowerby hath Temi Shillings of the 
Church Stock which Thomas Dawson Minister of Temple Sowerby had 
Richard Stable beinge Churchwarden in the Yeare of our Lord God 

Mr. Thomas Dawson Curat of Temple Sowerby And Mary West- 
garth of Melmerby was married ye 7th day of June 1674. 

Deborah daughter of Mr. Thomas Dawson Curate was baptized ye 
18th day of April 1675 (and she was borne ye 10th day of Aprill). 

Another daughter, Catherine, was baptized May 15, 1676; 

1 1 74 The Ejected of 1662 

and Deborah was buried, June 2, 1678. The following 
also is from the Registers : — 
Aug. 16 

Mem. That I doe hereby appoint Mr. Thomas Dawson Chaplain of 
Sowerby and the succeeding Chaplaines my Substitutes for the 

Tho. Machell 

A person of the name of Thos. Dawson was at Newbig- 
gin in 1679.^ 

The following entries doubtless refer to the Parish 
Clerk: — 

Mem. Here want the account of Marriages (if there were any) in 
the time of George Atkinson, Gierke 1679 from the 18th of November 
1678 till August 1682 Being never brought in by him to me. T. M. 

1682. William Caile made Gierke of Sowerby by Mr Machell at 
Martinmas 1683. 

Thomas Gash, 1695. 

His name as " Reader " appears in the following : — 

May 1. 1695. I doe hereby appointe Mr. Thomas Gash Reader of 
Sowerby & Robert Speight the Gierke & their Successors in the said 
Offices for the time being to Bee my Substitutes for Takeing a True 
and Exact account & entering the same in the Register Booke of all 
Xtnings Marriages and Burials in the Chapel of Sowerby for the time 
to come. 

Tho. Machell 
Rector of K.» 

William Bueton, 1699. 

The Registers refer to him as Curate here, in a note of 
a collection, for the " poor distressed Protestant Yaudois 
banished out of their Country for the sake of their 
Religion." The following shows that he was still here in 
1725: — 

1725 William Burton, Gierke & Anne Cape, Spinster, were Marryed 
at Milbume Ch. Decemb. 30.* 

1. Vide p. 1158. 

2. Parish Registers. 
8. Ibid. 


This village lies about five miles north west of Appleby, 
and is to be distinguished from Bolton or Boltongate, near 
Wigton, in Cumberland. The oldest Register, which 
consists of about 20 sheets of parchment beautifully 
written and easily deciphered, begins in 1675. There are, 
however, a few earlier entries, evidently by a later hand, 
for the year 1664; and one even for 1647. The County 
Histories are quite valueless for our purpose, and the 
Registers are almost the same owing to the lateness of the 
date. Xor does Bolton find a place in the Westmorland 
Certificate of 1646.^ A Parochial Chapel then, as it still 
is, it appears to have been served by Curates and neigh- 
bouring Clergy. The difl&culty in relation to what seemed 
to be a continuous ministry on the part of William 
Fairfax at Boltongate, excited the suspicion that John 
Forward, usually associated with that place, really 
belonged to this. A careful review of the question, how- 
ever, has led to the conviction that he is rightly located 
there. Little can be said in reference to this place. No 
list of Curates or Incumbents is forthcoming : only frag- 
ments of information are supplied by the Registers. 

The Survey for 1649 gives Bolton Chapel as belonging 
to the Vicarage of Morland " with one house for the 
Curate abutting upon the Churchyarde." Premises were 
leased to Lancelot Dawes, Yicar of Barton, Feb. 22, 1624. 
Names of several members of the Dawes family appear in 
the volume, and it contains a large amount of information 
about Morland. 2 

Nathaniel Beck, 1663. 

On the 17th of Nov. of this year he obtained a license 
to teach school and read " praiers in Capella de Bolton in 
parish of Morland, Westmorland, 17 Nov., 1663." ^ The 

1. Vide p. 108. 

2. Lambeth MSS. Survey, vol. ii. 

3. Episcopal Register. 

1 1 76 The Ejected of 1662 

same authority gives Robert Wayte " de Bolton " as 
ordained Deacon, Sept. 20, 1668 ; ^ but whether he served 
the Curacy is not clear. 

From the fact that the names of " John ffenwicke rector 
of Cliburne " and " Barnabas Sympson " testify to the 
burial of certain persons about 1687, it would appear that 
they had some sort of supervision over the place. 

Christopher Knight, 1687. 

The evidence for his presence at Bolton is the following. 
It is, however, necessary to say that there is just the 
possibility that Christopher Knight was simply a neigh- 
bouring Clergyman officiating on the occasion : — 

June ye 13. 1687 was Edward Stodart and Isabell Wilkinson 

marryed by Mr. Christopher Knight as appear'd by his Certificate. 2 

John Breecke, 1694, I 

The Registers again are our witness : — I 

1694 July ye 25th was Sarah ye daughter of Mr. John Breecke 
Curate de Bolton bapt ( ?) 

He was subsequently at Watermillock where he appears 
as John Breeks.^ 

Daniel Hudson, 1728. 

This name occurs in the Registers against Sept. 7, 
1728; and appended to it is the word " Curate," 

1. Episcopal Register. m 

2. Parish Registers; vide under Carlisle for a person of this name, 
p. 185. 

3. Vide p. 512. 


Morland is about two miles and a half from Cliburn, 
which is the nearest station. The Church is dedicated to 
St. Lawrence; and its Registers go back to 1538, the 
earliest possible date. The first entries are not, of course, 
the originals; but they are a very ancient Transcript, as 
will be evident from what follows. The volume has been 
newly bound, and the Registers generally are splendidly 
kept, with the exception of a page or two being easily 
deciphered. The following interesting account has been 
extracted from them; the first two pages are almost 
illegible : — 

Morland .... Machel of 

Pishe .... Crackenthorp 


.... of Thrymbye. 


The triew Register book of The pishe of Morlande wthin the 
Countie of Westmorl. in the Diocesse of Carliell of all the weddings 
Burialls & Christennings beginge in ye 30th yeare of Kinge Henrie 
ye eight & in ye yeare of or [our] Lorde God 1538. And for Continewinge 
from yeare to yeare as foloweth wthout Anie other Boke of Longer 
Yeare Mr. John Blyth Vicarr there att ye begininge of This Booke 
& Mr. Thomas Warwicke Vicarr now Present 1598 

Thomas Warwick 

Vickerr Then 

John Cooke of Morlande 

Richard Dente of Kings Meburne 

John Champlinge of Newbye 

Robert Westgarthe of Thrimbye 

Henrie Backhouse wrote this Booke by the Appointment of The 
Vicarre & Churchwardens Above said Ano. dni Elzb. Regina Quad- 

Payed for writeinge 

1 1 78 The Ejected of 1662 

On page 2 are mixed entries beginning with Nov. 11th 
1538, and at the foot is the following : — 

The first two pages of tfie Morland Parish Registers having been 
for many years undecipherable have been lately restored by chemical 
means : but from fear of their again becoming illegible ; they are now 
copied as above, and have been carefully examined by us who hereby 
testify to their accuracy Witness our hands this twenty eighth day 
of October 1867 

G. F. Weston Vicar of 

Crosby Ravensworth 

M. H Lee 

Curate of Morland. 

The following is the list of Incumbents : — 

John Blyth, 1538—1563. • 

George Neville, D.D., 1563—1567. 

He was the son of Hichard Neville, Lord Latimer, hy 
his wife Anne, daughter of Sir Humphrey Stafford. Born 
July 29, 1509, he was educated at Cambridge University^ 
where he took his B.A. in 1524, ultimately becoming D.D. 
" but where or when he took that degree does not appear." 
He was instituted to the living of Burton Latimer, 
Northamptonshire, July 17, 1552, and became Master of 
the Hospital at Well in Richmondshire about the same 
year. He was Archdeacon of Carlisle, in 1558, and died 
about 1567. In addition to "his mastership, archdeaconry 
and the rectory of Burton Latimer he held the livings of 
Spofford Bolton and Leake in Yorkshire, Rothbury in 
Northumberland, and Salkeld and Morland." ^ No 
wonder that he died " exceedingly rich." His Will was 
proved Nov. 4, 1567. 

Thomas Warwick, 1567—1606. 

He was probably a Pluralist and had as Curate, Myles 
Rigg, the following referring to him : — 

1603 September Christened George son of Myles Rigg Curate ye 

xxvj day. 

Thomas Warwick resigned in 1606. The Dufton Regis- 
ters give the following; but how these were related to the- 

1. Ath. Cant., vol. i, p. 250. 

Morland 1 1 79 

"Warwicks who held the Morland living is not clear. It 
shows, however, that they were a family of some strength 
in the district : — 

1576-7. March v daye Thomas Warwicke sonne to Michaell 
Warwicke and Elizabeth his wife was baptized. 

Thomas Warwick, M.A., 1606—1620. 

The following appears in the Registers : — 


memorandu that Thomas Warwicke Maister of Arte in Queens 
Colledge in Ox. was inducted by Mr Tho. Warcop then parson of 
Kirkbythuer into this Vicarage of Morland the 10th day of Julie 
1606 he succeeded Mr. Thomas Warwicke his father who was vicar of 
this curacy 40 yeares or theraboute and then resigned the same unto 
his Sone 

Witnesses to this induction 

Mr Thos Warrcup 

John Nicholson 

Roger Strickland. 

Probably he acted as Curate to his father for a short time 
previously, the following doubtless referring to his child : 

1604-5 ffebruarie Christened Anne daughter of Mr. Thomas War- 
wicke the xvij day Julie. 

Other entries are as follows : — 
1606 August 

Christened dorotheie doughr of Mr. Thomas Warwicke the xvij day. 
Ib^^o Male 7 

Chrestined George Sonne of Mr. Thomas Warwicke. 
1611 August 25. 

Chresn'd frances doughter to Mr. Thomas Warwick 

1613 June Christened Richard Warwick sonn to Mr. Thomas 
Warwick xvjth day. 

1616 Maie Baptyzed Elsabeth filia Mr. Thomas Warwick 2d. 

In the account of Brampton reference is made to the 
■difficulty of tracing the Warwicks. That there were two 
persons of this name exercising their ministry at the same 
time in this area seems certain, and in all probability it 
was the Morland Vicar of this date, who removed to 
Brampton, and who also held the Bowness living.^ 

1. Vide pp. 250, &c. 

ii8o The Ejected of 1662 

Thomas Warwick, M.A., 1621—1624. 

This was a third Thomas Warwick, and he was insti- 
tuted, July 26, 1621, on a Presentation by the King. The 
following from the Registers probably refers to him, 
though there is some conflict in the date : — 

Anno dni 1620 Decemb xvi Thomas Warwicke clericus in Artibus 
Magister fuit in ecclesiam hajnc et vicarius inductus eiusdem de — per 
me Greorgiu Warwicke Archidiaconu Carliol et p Mandato reverendi in 
Chresto patris ac domini dei Koberti episcopi Carliolen his testibus 
Richard bachus Richard Kirkebride Thomas Cookson Thomas bellingem 
John Nicolson. 

On the 12th of Aug., 1621, he read the required Articles. 
Nicolson and Burn give us no help in the difl&culty merely 
giving the first Thomas Warwick as successor to George 
Neville, and passing on to the appointment of William 
Hall, in 1624. As already intimated Foster gives two 
Oxford graduates of this name, one thirty years later than 
the other, both Morland Rectors; and this may have been 
the younger of the two. Is this the one who became 
Rector of Beaumont in 1625 ? ^ 

William Hall, M.A., 1624—1654. 

He was instituted, July 9, 1624, on a Presentation by 
the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle. Foster says that he 
was of Westmorland; matriculated Queen's College, 
Oxford, Nov. 3, 1615, at the age of 16 years; graduated 
B.A. from St. Edmund Hall, July 13, 1619, M.A. July 3, 
1622; and was Vicar of Morland in 1624.^ In the West- 
morland Certificate of 1646, he is described as " minister 
of Moreland, formrly complyd wth the Enemie, but since 
taken the Covenat."^ The following are the entries in 
the Registers : — 

Wm. Hall M.A. St. Edmunds Ox. inducted decimo sedimo die Julie 

1638 March Chrestened Thomas Sonne of Mr. William Hall vicar 
the last day. 

1638-9 Januarie Buried Anne daughter of Mr. Willm Hall Vicar 
the same [13th] day. 

1. Vide p. 220. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Vide p. Ill 



1641 Maye Chrestened Ann daughter of Mr. Willm Hall vicar the 
16th day. 

1646 October Chrestened John Sonne of Mr. William Hall vicar the 
first day. 

1648-9 Februarie Buried John Sonne of Mr William Hall vicar the 
same [27] day. 

1654 Aprill Buried Mr. William Hall Vicar of Morland the 20th 

Pearse Burton, 1654 — 1667-8. 

jSTicolson and Burn, who call him Piercy Burton, say 

that he was instituted in 1660,^ but this is quite an error, 

unless it refers to a second Institution, as the following 

shows : — 

Morland Know all &c the 13th day of November in the 

Peirce Burton yeare 1654 There was exhibited to the Comrs &c 

A psentation of pierce Burton Gierke to ye Vicarage 

Pei. Burton Cert, of Morland in the County of Westmerland Made to 

as aforesd by him by his Highnesse Oliver Lord Protector of the 

Comonwealth of England &c the patron thereof 

ffr. Higginson of under the Great Scale of England Together &c the 

Kirkby Steven said peirce Burton &c approved the said peirce 

Rich Singleton Burton &c and doe admitt the said Peirce Burton 

Gt. Salkeld to the Vicarage of Morland &c Incumbent thereof 

John Ardrey of and doe hereby signify to all persons concerned 

Clibome therein that hee is hereby intituled to the profitts 

Amb. Rowland pquisitts and all Rights and dues incident & 

of Bongate belonging to the said Vicarage as fully &c Realme. 

Tho. Burton In Witnesse &c Dated at Whitehall the 13th day 

ffra. Sisson. of November 1654. 2 

Morland These may certify whom it may concerne that the 13th 

12 March day of November lbo4 Mr. Peirce Burton was approved 
1658. & admitted to the vicarage of Morland in the County of 

Westmerland by the Comrs for approbacon of publique 
preachers Upon a Presentacon from his Highnesse the Lord protector 
undr the Great Scale of England 
Whitehall Jo. Nye Regr. 

ffebruary 28 
1658. 3 

Morland Whereas the Vicarage of the psh Church of 

& Morland in the County of Westmland is of the 

Greate Strickland. yearly value of three & thirty pounds thirteene 

shillings & fower pence As by an Inquisicon taken 

1. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 445. 

2. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 997. 

3. Ihid., 968. 

1 1 82 The Ejected of 1662 

by Vertue of a Comision under the Greate Seale of England in 
pursuance of An Act of Parliamt entituled An Act for providing 
maintennce for preaching Minisrs & other pious uses appeareth And 
Whereas all those the tithes of Come & Sheaves of Come Graine and 
hey with their appurtennces Comeing growing issuing & yearly 
renewing within the Township feildes closes limits bounds & terre- 
tories of ye Towne of Greate Strickland pcell of the Rectory of 
Morland & wthin the parish of Morland aforesd pcell of the possession 
of ye late Deane & Chapter of ye Cathedrall of and in the City of 
Carlisle & late in the tenure of Allen Bellingha. are of the yearly 
value of five & Twenty pounds ten Shillings As by Survey of the 
said Rectory & tithe taken by the Surveyors appointed by Act of 
Parliamt for Sale of Deanes & Chapters lands & other Evidences 
Appeareth And the Lease of the said Rectory is lately expired and 
Mr. Peirce Burton preacher of the Gospell & psent Minister & 
Incumbent of the sd Vicarage & parish Church of Morland aforesaid 
was approved & admitted by the Comrs for approbacon of publique 
preachrs the thirteenth day of November 1654 to the said Vicarage of 
Morland Therefore upon due consideracon had of the pmisses Wee 
William Steele Lord Chancellor of Ireland Sr. John Thorowgood of 
Kensington Knt George Cowper Richard Yong John Pocock Ralph 
Hall Richard Sydenham John Humfrey and Edward Cressett Esqrs 
Trustees appointed by Severall Acts of parliamt for Maintennce of 
Ministers in whom the Rectory of ye psh Church of Morland aforesd 
is vested Doe hereby ordr that the said tithes with their appurtennces 
bee & they are united & annexed to the sd Vicarage of Morland to 
and for increase of the Maintenance of the sd Mr. Burton for such 
time as hee shall continue in the faithfuU discharge of the duty of 
ye Minister of the said parish & of such other godly & orthodox 
Ministers his Successors as shall bee Incumbents of ye sd Vicarage 
And it is further ordered that the sd tithes bee left out of the charge 
of ye Revenue vested in these Trustees whereof the auditor is to take 
notice And that the Recr of the sd County doe forbeare any further 
to intermeddle with the sd tithes or the rents issues or profitts of 
them or the Receipt of them or any of them but that he permitt the 
said Mr. Burton & such other godly & orthodox Ministrs as shall 
succeede him as aforesd quietly to have hold possesse & enjoy the 
same and all person & persons are therefore to sett out & pay their 
tithes to the said Mr. Burton & his Successors Incimibents of ye sd 
Vicarage accordingly And it is further ordered that upon Expiracon 
of ye Leases of any other tithes within the sd parish due care shall 
be taken for annexing soe much thereof uaito ye said Vicarage as shall 
& may together with the tithes hereby annexed thereunto make up 
the same a competent maintennce for the Vicar of ye sd Church 
according to the Statute in that behalfe made & provided 

Dated the Seavententh day of March in the yeare according to the 

Morland 1183 

Computacon used in England One Thousajid Six hundred ffifty and 

Jo. Thorowgood Ra. Hall Jo. Pocock George Cowper Ric. 
Sydenham. ' 

The Registers also have the following confirmatory 
evidence, the second passage being evidently by a some- 
what later hand : — 

1654 Be it remembered that the 29th day of December 1654 John 
Pears came this day before me and was sworne and allowed to be 
parish Regester for the parish of Morland in the County of Westm- 

Witnes my hand the day above said 
Tho. Burton. 

Mr Pearse Burton of Queens Colledge Oxon then succeeding Mr. 
HaJl in the sayd Vicaridge of Morland. 

Foster has the following, doubtless referring to him 
though he knew it not : — " Burton Pearse ' Serviens ' 
Queen's Coll. matric. 18 Nov., 1650." ^ He was a native 
of the district, probably the son of Richard Burton 
■" Parson " of Dufton, being baptized there Aug. 1, 1632. ^ 
He died in 1667-8, as the following shows: — 

1667-8 February Buried Mr. Pearce Burton the 28th day who was 
Minister of this Parish for the space of 13 yeares who dyed much 
lamented for by the generality of the Parish. 

In this case the Restoration appears to have made no 
change. It was during his ministry that the following 
occurred which are noted in the Registers : — 

1660 May Memord That three children whose fathers were quakers 
•were Chrstened the 14th of May vizt John Sonne of Richard Wilson 
•of Newbie of the age of 4 months Mabell doughter of the said Richard 
Wilson of the age of Two yeares & Three quarters And William 
Sonne of John Hidson ( '!) of Newbie of ye age of Two yeares and 
Seaven months. 
1664-5 January 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 995. 
•2, Al. Ox. 
■3. Vide p. 1154 

1 1 84 The Ejected of 1662 

Chrestened the 4th day These children of George Birdson of 
Thrimby formerly a Quaker vizt. 

Jane a daughter borne Novembr last 1654 
John his Sonne borne August 21st 1656 
Mary a daughter borne October 18th 1658 
ff ranees a daughter borne Octobr 5th 1660 
Sarah a daughter borne Decembr 8th 1662. 

John Hutchinson, M.A., 1668—1678-9. 

He was ordained Priest, Sept. 20, 1663, and instituted 
to Morland, July 1, 1668, on a Presentation by the Dean 
and Chapter of Carlisle. Foster says: — "Gent. Queen's 
Coll. matric. 23 July 1656, B.A. 1659, M.A. from St. 
Edmund Hall 1662, Vicar of Morland, Westmorland, 
1668-79, father of Michael." The latter was afterwards 
D.D. and Rector of Newnham, Hants., in 1719.^ John 
Hutchinson compounded for his First Fruits in 1668. 
The following appear in the Registers : — 

June 1670 Chrestened Philip Sonne of Mr. John Hutchinson Vicar 
ye 23 day. 

1677 December Chrestened Michael Sonne of Mr. John Hutchinson 
Vicker ye 13 day. 

1678-9 January Buried Mr. John Hutchinson Vicar the 26th day. 

Philip, like his brother Michael, was a graduate of 
Queen's College, Oxford. His Will was proved at Oxford 
Aug. 9, 1701.^ John and Lancelot Hutchinson were 
Vicars of Askham but whether related to John Hutchinson 
of Morland does not appear. 

Michael Hodgson, 1679. 

He was instituted on a Presentation by the Dean and 
Chapter of Carlisle, Mar. 31, 1679. jSTicolson and Burn 
wrongly call him Hudson. He had previously been at 
Thursby and after a short time removed to St. Lawrence, 

William Atkinson, M.A., 1680 — 1721. 

He was a Glasgow graduate ordained Deacon and Priest 
Sept. 21, 1673, and had previously been at Thursby.* 

1. AI. Ox. 

2. Ibid. 

3. Vide pp. 397, 544, 1135 

4. Vide p. 544. 

Morland 1185 

Foster queries if this be identical with William Atkinson, 
a Queen's College graduate, who was " ensign of a com- 
pany of scholars in 1685 on the breaking out of the Duke 
of Monmouth's rebellion," and whose administration Bond 
at Oxford bears date Nov. 6, 1700.^ As the Morland 
Atkinson did not die until 1721 it cannot be the same. 
He was instituted April 6, 1680, on a Presentation by 
Thos. Smith, S.T.D. His son, William Atkinson, matricu- 
lated Oct. 27, 1703, at the age of 17 years, and graduated 
M.A. Queen's Coll. The following entries appear in the 
Registers : — 

1681-2 January Chrestened Mary daughter of William Atkinson 
vicar of Morland ye 26th day. 

1720-1 January Buried Mr. Wm. Atkinson Vicar of Morland the 
3d day. 

The following items of information respecting the 
School at Morland, evidently quite an important institu- 
tion, are worth insertion : — 

upon Tyne. By ye Comrs for ppagating ye Gosple 

in ye fower Northern Counties of Northumberland 
Cumberland, Westmorland & Durham March ye 31st. 
Morland. Whereas there is exceeding Create need of a Schoole at 
Morland in ye Couiuty of Westmorland It is ordered yt ye tithes of 
Scattergate & Burrells of ye yearly value of Twenty pounds late of 
ye Deanes and Chapters Lands be Graunted to & for ye Maintenance 
of a Schoolemr at Morland aforesaid & being satisfyed of ye ability 
and due qualificaton of Thomas Todd for yt employmt Wee doe hereby 
Constitute & appoint ye said Mr. Todd Master of ye said Schoole- 
And for ye more Certeine Continuance of ye said Schooles Main- 
tenance It is therefore ordered yt Edward Nevison John Morland 
John ff allow feild and Richard Bowerbank Gent, be hereby appointed 
ffeoffes for ye said Schoole who are desired to take Care thereof & 
upon ye removall of ye said Thomas Todd to chuse and appoint 
another fitt man to Supply ye said Schoole & soe Successively for ye 
future & upon ye death or discontinuance of any ot ye said ffeoffes 
by ye Space of one whole yeare ye three Surviveing ffeoffes are to 
elect to themselves another fitt man to pursue ye trust hereby layd 
upoai them yt posterity be not deprived of ye good & benefitt intended. 

1. Al. Ox. 

J 1 86 The Ejected of 1662 

Hen. Horsley Hen. Ogle Tho. Lamplugh Rog. Bateman Luke 
Rillingworth Wm Shafto Thos Langhorae Jo. Archer Jo. Ogle Wm. 
Mawson Wm. Dawson Edw. Winter. 

Ent. Aintho. Parsons.^ 

Morland. December 1654. 

According to an ordr of the Comrs for propagacon of ye Gospell in 
ye four Northerne Counties of the 21 of March 1653 It is ordered that 
ye yearly Sume of Twenty poumdes bee and ye same is hereby 
continued unto ye Schoolemr of ye Schoole of Morland in the County 
of Westmorland out of ye rents and profitts of the Tythes of Scatter- 
gate and Burrells in ye said County and that Mr. Edmund Branth- 
waite Recr doe pay the same accordingly from time to time tmto Mr. 
Thomas Todd the psent Schoolemaster there together wth all Arreares 
of ye yearely sume of Twenty poundes to him due out of ye pmisses 
by ye said ordr of the Comrs aforesaid hitherto unpaid. 

Jo. Thorowgood Ra Hall Jo. Pocock Ri. Yong John Humfrey Ri. 

Thomas Todd removed shortly after this, and it is con- 
jectured that he may have been the Minister of Hutton- 
in-the-Forest.^ His successor was John Pears with whom 
we have already met as Registrar.* The following docu- 
ments relate to him : — 

Morland. Decembr. 13. 1655. 

A Peticon being preted for ye Continuance of ye Augumentacon 
formerly setled upon Mr. Thomas Todd Schoolmr of Morland to Mr. 
John Peares It is ordered that Mr. Archer & Mr. Burton Justices of 
peace & Mr. Mathew^ Wilkinson Minister of ye word in ye said 
County or any two of them whereof ye said Mr. Wilkinson to be one 
be desired to informe themselves of ye piety of ye said Mr Peares 
& fitnes to be Schoolemr there whereupon ye Trustees will take ye 
Peticon into further Consideracon. 

Jo. Thorowgood Ri. Sydenham Ra. Hall Jo. Humfrey Jo. Pocock. 5 
Morland School 
d.d Mr. Urwyn. July 1. 1657. 

Whereas the late Comrs for propagating the Gospell in the foure 
Northerne Counties have Graunted the tithes of Scattergate and 
Burrells of the yearely value of Twenty poundes to and for the 
maintennce of a Schoolemr at Morland in the County of Westmland 
and Ordered the same unto Thomas Todd then Schoolemr of Morland 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1006. 

2. Ibid., 972. 
■3. Vide p. 491. 

4. Vide p. 1183. 

5. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 1008 

Morland 1187 

aforesd who is since removed, and Mr. John Peares Succeedeth. 
him in the sd place of whose fitnes for the sd works these Trustees 
have received Certificate It is ordered yt the said Twenty poundes 
a yeare be continued and from time to time paid unto the said 
Mr. Peares out of the profitts of the sd tithes to hold for such 
time as he shall descharge the duty of the Schoolemr of the sd 
place, or untill further order of these Trustees And that Mr. 
Edmund Branthwaite receiver doe pay the same unto him accord- 
ingly to be accoted from the first day of June 1655 

Jo Thorowgood Edw. Cressett Ra Hall Jo. Humfrey Ri. Yong.^ 

The Registers give tlie following concerning him : — 

On the 18th day of January 1664-5 Buried Mr. John Peares 
Schoolmaster and Parish Clarke of this parish for neare the space- 
of 30 yeares who dyed lamented by the generality of this parish, 
and amongst 

P. Burton 

Vicar Ibid. 

The Sedbergh School Register has John Peares, son of the 
"Rev. John Peares of Ormside near Appleby," as entering 
St, John's Coll., Cambridge, in 1697, being then 20 years 
of age. He took his B.A. in 1700.^. No person of this 
name, however, appears to have held the Ormside living,, 
though a John Peares was ordained Deacon, Sept. 21, 1673. 
Possibly the other John Pears was succeeded in the 
Mastership of the School by Thomas Lawson. The Epis- 
copal Register at Carlisle contains the following : — 

Absolution from Excomunication of Thomas Lawson 12 July 1671. 

Granted a licence to read and teach in Parish of Morlands July 12.. 


1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 993. 

2. P. 108. 



The Churcli in this place is dedicated to St. Michael; 
and the two earlier Register Books cover the years 1559 — 
1620 and 1664 — 1763. It will be noticed that a very large 
hiatus occurs at the most important point. Invariably 
1559 is given by writers as the date when the Registers 
begin; but it ought to be stated that a few of the earlier 
leaves have disappeared from the older book'; while of 
those remaining some are very dilapidated and the ink in 
them is quite faded. The first entry is under "Aprill the 
xi daye," but the year is not given. The following year, 
however, is 1559. The writing is in a neat, small hand. 
One of the peculiarities of these Registers is their habit 
of appending to the names, in the case of burials, the 
words " Singlewoman " or " Singleman." The Incumbents 
appear to have been regularly appointed until towards the 
end of the 16th Century, and, in reference to the subse- 
quent career of the Church, Nicolson and Burn have the 
following : — 

This vicarage being so very small, few persons have been willing 
to be at the expense of institution and induction ; but it hath been 
generally suffered to go in lapse, and supplied by Curates under a 
sequestration. But having received augmentations by the governors 
of queen Anne's bounty it hath since become necessary to have vicars 
canonically appointed. Accordingly in 1759 William Langhorne, clerk, 
was presented under the great seal.' 

Whatever significaiice there may be in that we are fortu- 
nately able to fill up much of the Century with which we 
are concerned, two men, father and son, one of them a 

1. Nicclson and Burn, vol. i, p. 469. 

1 1 90 The Ejected of 1662 

particularly interesting character, covering most of the 
period. The following is the list in so far as it has been 
obtained : — 

John Whinfell, 1574. 

He died in this year. 

John Brockbank, 1574 — 1605. 

In the burial entries are the following : — 

1601 August Burials The VI. day Randall Brockbank Reder att 
Mardale the sone of Sr. John. 
1605 May The XIIII day Sr John brockbanck Vicker of Shappe. 

It was during his ministry that the Plague raged in this 
district, the Registers witnessing to this terrible visita- 
tion : — 

1598 August. This yeare 1598 was the plague hoote in Carlile, 
Kendall, penreth, Appelbie and all over this Countrie. 

A person of the name of John Brockbank was at Dacre 
in 1671.1 

Miles Bousfield, B.A., 1605. 

This is an interesting name. He was a graduate of 
Cambridge University, and ordained Priest, October 12, 
1600, being instituted to Shap, May 22, 1605. He prob- 
ably held the living near 20 years. Thomas Bousfield,. 
Rector of Windermere, in his Will, dated March 2, 1626, 
gives to his son, Samuel, " a certain portion of ground 
given me by the last Will and Testament of Mr. Miles 
Bowsfeild, late vicar of Shapp." The Bousfields had a. 
tenement at Killington, Sedbergh.^ 

JohnDalton, B.A., 1672. 

The two persons referred to previously are John and 
Henry Dalton, and it is curious that Nicolson and Burn 
are quite silent about them. Unfortunately we have no 
means of ascertaining when John Dalton entered upon the 
living at Shap. Foster has the following : " John Dalton 
of Cumberland pleb. Queen's Coll. matric. 19 March 

1. Vide p. 507. 

2. Advowson, &c., p. 47. 

Shap 1 1 9 1 

1618-19 aged 19; B.A. 16 April 1619, one of these names 
vicar of Little Abingdon Co. Cambridge, 1634." ^ The 
probabilities point strongly in the direction of his being 
identical with the Shap Dalton. He was ordained Deacon 
and Priest, December 19, 1619, and is given as " B.A." ^ 
In the Westmorland Certificate for 1646 he is simply 
described as "minister of Shap p[arish]." He took the 
Engagement November 18, 1649. His Augmentation and 
examination by the Cromwellian Commissioners are 
referred to in the following : — 

24 ffebr. 1645. 

Resolved yt ye Summe of ten pounds reserved to ye Bpp of 
Carlisle for ye demesne of Bewley and ye further sume of 81 
reserved for ye tythes of Kings Meaburne and of 2li. 13s. 4d. 
reserved for ye tythes of Sleagill and is 2li. 13s. 4d. more reserved 
for ye tythes of little Strickland & ye further rent of 2li. 14s. 4d. for 
ye tythes of Thirmby & ye further sxane of 4li for ye tythes of Great 
Strickland and ye further sume of xxli for great Strickland demesnes 
tythes rent being all wthin ye paresh of Morland & reserved to ye 
deane & Chapter of Carlisle bee allowed to and for increase of ye 
maintenance of Dalton Minister of Shapp ye vicaridge whereof is 
worth but xli p ann. & yt &c.3 

New Castle upon 

Shappe. By ye Comrs. March 31. 1653. 

Whereas Mr. John Dalton hath addressed himselfe to us desiring to 
bee approved for the worke of the Ministry and upon tryall & 
Examinacon of his guifts before us by divers godly and Able Ministers 
according to the Rule of the Act of parliamt is found fitt to preach the 
Gospell of Jesus Christ & to bee duely qualified and guifted for that 
holy Imployment and hath guiven us satisfaction of his holy Life and 
Conversacon and Conformity to the psent Government These are 
therefore by Vertue of the power and Authority to us given by the 
parliamt to appointe and Constitute the said Mr. Dalton Minister of 
Shappe in the County of Westmerland & hee is hereby appointed and 
Constituted Minister of Shappe aforesd & for his Support & Increase 
of his Mayntenance It is ordered that a Moyety of Bongate adjoyning 
neere to Appleby bee setled upon the said Mr. Dalton & hee is hereby 
vested in the same & as lawfully seized hereof to all intents & purposes 
as if hee had been Instituted & Inducted according to any former 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Episcopal Register. 

3. Bodl. MS., 322. 

1 192 The Ejected of 1662 

Course of Law and that (as much as in us lyes) hee bee discharged 
from payment of the tenthes for that Vicarage for the future. 

Edw. Briggs, The. Craist«r Tho. Lamplugh, Tho. Langhorne, 
Edw. Winter, Tho. Cholmely, Hen. Horsley, Cuthbert Studholme, 
Luke Rilling worth, Hen. Ogle, Jo. Ogle, Wm. Dawson.' 

Mr. Dalton 

The Comrs appointed by an Ordinance of his Highnes the Lord 
protectour with the Advice of his Councell for Approbacon of preachers 
having received a Certifycate of the holy and good Conversacon of 
Mr. John Dalton & having taken knowledge of his Grace and Gifts 
doe Judge him qualifyed according to the said Ordinance as a fit person 
to preach the Gospell & such a one as deserves all due encouragemt 
In witnes whereof they have caused this Testimoniall to bee signed 
by their Register Dated at Whitehall the Second day of ffebruary. 

John Nye Regr.^ 

Shappe. June 10. 1656. 

In pursuance of an order of the Comrs for ppagacon of the Gospell 
in the Counties of Northumberland Cumberland Westmorland and 
Durham of the 31st March 1653 It is ordered that Mr. Edmund 
Branthwaite Recr doe from time to time pay unto ^Ir. John Dalton 
Minister of Shappe in the County of Westmland (approved according 
to the Ordinance for approbacon of publique preachers) the yearely 
sum of Seaventeene shillinges and Sixpence out of the tenthes of 
the Viccarage of Shappe aforesaid to be accompted from the last 
receipt and to be from time to time continued unto him for such 
time as he shall discharge the duty of the Minister of the said 
place or untill further order of these Trustees. 3 

Shap. Novr. 18th. 1658. 

Ordered yt the yearly Sume of thirty pounds bee and ye same 
is hereby graunted to and for increase of the Maintennce of the 
Minister of Shap in the County of Westmerland his liveing being 
but five pounds a yeare And that the same bee from time to time 
paid unto Mr. John Dalton Ministr there hee being approved by 
the Comrs for approbacon of publique preachers to hold for such 
time as he shall Continue to discharge the duty of the Minister of 
the said place or further order Which wee humbly Certify to his 
Highnesse the Lord Protector [and] the Councell 

Edw. Cressett Ra. Hall 

Jo Humfrey Jo Pocock 

Ri Yong.4 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 1006. 

2. Ibid., 968. 3. Ibid., 971. 4. Ibid., 1004. 

Shap 1 193 

Shapp. Nov. 22. 1658. 

Ordered that the yearely sums of thirty poundes bee graunted to 
and for encrease of the maintennce of the minister of Shap in the 
County of Westmerland his psnt maintennce being but five poundes 
a yeare His Highnes and Councell having approved thereof & that 
ye same bee from time to time paid unto Mr. John Dalton minister 
there approved by the Comrs for approbacon of publique preachers 
To hold for such time as hee shall continue to discharge the duty 
of the minister of the said place on further ordr of these Trustees 
and that Mr. Lawrence Steele Trear doe pay the same accordingly. 

Jo. Thorowgood Ea Hall Jo Pococke Jo. Humfrey Ri. Yong.i 

Shap. Thursday 16 December 1658 

Mr. John Dalton Minister of Shap in the County xxxli 

of Westmerland. 2 p. annu. 


January 10th. 1658. 

The like to Mr. John Dalton of Shapp in the County of West- 

Dated at Whitehall the 23rd day of January 1655. [Date in MS., 
but surely should be 1658.] 
Jo Nye Regr. 3 

Both Calamy and Palmer merely place John Dalton in 
their list of men who " afterwards conformed " ; but the 
case is not nearly so simple as that statement would seem 
to suggest. That Dalton kept the living at the Restoration 
appears to be clear; but it is equally certain that he was 
somewhat contumacious, and gave his Bishop consider- 
able trouble. He was summoned before him at Rose 
Castle on January 26, 1663, " inter horas nonam & 
undecimam ante meridiem." This was followed shortly 
afterwards with "a significavit into ye Chancery against 
John Dalton pretended vicar of Shapp dated the fifth day 
of ffebruary anno Dni 1663-4." ^ Whether this was 
actually enforced and Dalton ejected cannot be ascer- 
tained. It is much more likely that he held on his way 
little disturbed in this poor living, enjoying also the 
protection of Lord Wharton, whose influence in all this 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 995. 

2. lUd., 977. 

3. Ihid., 968. 

4. Episcopal Register. . , 

1 1 94 The Ejected of 1662 

part of the County was very considerable. What, how- 
ever, we do know is that he was still here in 1670, and still 
somewhat obstreperous, as the following shows : — ■ 

Shapp 1670 Nov. 29 John Dalton curatum ibm for not usually bidding 
holydayes nor observing of them.' 

Nicolson and Burn preserve the following curious story of 
Dalton's dealing with a Quaker intruder, when, on one 
occasion, he was exchanging pulpits with George Fother- 
gill of Orton. The story lets in considerable light upon 
his character : — 

They [the Quakers] made it a constant practice to enter into the 
churches with their hats on during divine service, and to rail openly 
and exclaim aloud against the ministers with reproachful words, 
calling them liars, deluders of the people, Baal's priests, Babylon's 
merchants selling beastly ware, and bidding them come down from 
the high places. One instance of this kind (ludicrous enough) 
happened at Orton. Mr. Fothergill, vicar there, one Sunday ex- 
changed pulpits with Mr. Dalton, of Shap, who had but one eye. 
A Quaker, stalking as usual into the church at Orton, whilst Mr. 
Dalton is preaching, says, "Come down thou false Fothergill." 
"Who told thee," says Mr. Dalton, "that my name was Fother- 
gill?" "The Spirit," quoth the Quaker. "That spirit of thine is 
a lying spirit," says the other; "for it is well known I am not 
Fothergill, but peed Dalton of Shap." 2 

It appears to have escaped the Historians that John 
Dalton for sometime held the adjoining living of Bampton 
as well as that of Shap. Miss Noble mentions a gift of 
his to the Bampton Grammar School " of thirty two 
shillings,'" ^ dated November 29, 1655 ; but she does not 
include him in her list of Bampton Vicars. Yet that he 
was such, and had his residence for a time at Beckfoot, in 
Bampton Parish, is put beyond doubt by the following 
from the Shap Registers : — 

1671-2 ffebruary The 1 day John Dalton dyed att beckfoote in 

Bampton Parish Ministr there & att Shappe buryed. 

His wife, Mary, was buried November 21st, 1666, 
Henry Dalton, B.A., 1672—1709. 

- 1. Vide p. 1360. 

2. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 537. 

3. Hist, of the Parish of Bampton, p. 115. 



He was the son of John Dalton and was licensed to 
teach " pueros et adolescentulos apud Shap Sept 25, 
1672." ^ He was ordained Deacon, September 15, 1674, 
being described as " de Shapp " ; and Priest February 19, 
1674-5. He remained here until his death, his burial 
entry in the Registers being as follows : — 

1709 April The 10th day Mr. Henry Dalton late vicar of Shapp. 

Henry Dalton had a son, John, who graduated B.A. 
Queen's College, Oxford, and was subsequently Yicar of 
Dean and afterwards of Distington.^ 

Two ancient Chapelries — one at Swindale and another 
at Mardale are connected with the Parish Church at Shap. 
On November 24, 1663, a license to teach school and read 
prayers was given to Edward Stephenson " literatus in 
Capella de Mardale." 

1. Episcopal Reg. 

2. Vide pp. 768, 804. 


In older documents " Crosby Ravenswath," " Ravens- 
wart," and "Ravensthwaite," is a little village, beautifully- 
situated in a valley, some five miles east of Shap. The 
Churcli, dedicated to St. Lawrence, is a very old founda- 
tion. The Registers begin about 1568 with baptisms; 
marriages, June, 1573; and burials, 1572. The first page 
in the earliest volume is much defaced, and the second 
leaf appears to have been cut out. The writing generally 
is good. Nicolson and Burn give a fairly complete list of 
Incumbents, which is copied by Whellan. The following 
cover the period with which we are concerned : — 

Edward Smith, 1576 — 1597. 

He was presented by "Richard Bacon of London, baker; 
by virtue of a third or fourth assignment of a grant made 
of the next avoidance by the Abbot and Convent of 
Whitby in the year next before their dissolution." ^ The 
Registers contain the following entries : — 

1596 Aprill Marie ye wife of Edward Smith vicar the iv day. 

1597 Julie Edward Smith Clafck vicar of this Church the xxvth day. 

William Willain, M.A., 1597—1617. 

He was instituted on a Presentation by Thomas Belling- 
ham of Garthorne, and read the usual Articles as the 
following shows : — 

Memoranda that all the Articles tuching Religion appointed to be 
Red by Order of the pamt. were openlie plainlie and' destinctlie Redd 
in the pishe Church of Crosbie-ravenswth in the Time of divine Service 
in ye forenone on Sonday the xxi day of August Anno Dom. 1597 by 
Wm. Willain R.^" 

Foster has the following respecting him : " Of Westmor- 
land pleb. Queen's Coll. matriculated 16 Oct. 1584 aged 

1. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 496. 

2. Parish Registers. 

Crosby Ravens worth 1197 

20, B.A. 5 July 1587, M.A. 1 July 1590; vicar of Crosby 
Ravensworth, Westmorland 1617." From the Registers 
also we get the following : — 

Burial 1600 August Elinor the wife of Mr. Willm Willaine Vicar 
the xix day. 

Matthias Braddel, 1617. 

In reference to this appointment Nicolson and Burn 
say: — 

In the year 1617, July 24, bishop Snowden upon a pretended lapse, 
collated Matthias Braddel ; but afterwards, on the 14 of October in 
the same year, he gave institution to William Willaine clerk, presented 
by Sir James Bellingham Knight.' 

A person of this name was at Aspatria in 1617. ^ 

William Willain, 1617. 

He is given as Willans and was instituted October 14, 
1617. Nicolson and Burn say: — 

It seemeth that this William was the son of the aforesaid William, 

and therefore by the Canon law incapacitated to succeed his father; 

and that he had afterwards obtained a dispensation.^ 

The Registers give the following : — 
1620 September. 

Lancellote the Sonne of younge Mr. Thomas Pickeringe Christened 
at ye Churche by Mr. Willan Vicar upon Sonday in ye aforenoone 
beinge the xxiiii of Sept. 

Burial March 164 — Katherin ye wife of Mr. Willm Willan Vicar. 

Unfortunately in the latter case the last figure is gone 
from the date ; but it must have been sometime in the 
early forties. 

William Curwen, M.A., 1643. 

Nicolson and Burn give no date of his appointment, 
merely saying : — 

In the time of Oliver Cromwell, William Curwen, M.A., appears 
to have been vicar, and by Oliver's commissioners ejected, but 
restored on the restoration of King Charles the second in 1660.'' 

1. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 496. 

2. Vide p. 643. 

3. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 496. 

4. Ibid. 

1 198 The Ejected of 1662 

The Rev. J. Gordon, M.A., in a Paper on Crosby Ravens- 
worth, gives 1650 with a query ; ^ but his Induction into 
the living was on August 28, 1643. In his presence Sir 
Henry Bellingham, who was fined for " Delinquency," 
took the National Covenant in the Parish Church, Sept. 
12, 1645; and he administered to him the Negative Oath 
on June 30, 1646. - In the Westmorland Certificate for 
1646 he is simply described as " vicar of Crosby Ravens- 
wath." ^ He received Augmentation about this date: — 

June 10. 1646. 
Crosby Ravenswath yearely sum of £50 out of rents profitts & 
revenues belonging to Dean & Ch. of Carlisle for increase of the 
maintenance of Will. Curwen Minister : Vicarage in peaceable times 
did not exceed 30li p annu. and now not worth 20li.4 

Nov. 6 1646. 
Crosby Ravenswath by order of June 10th. 50li to be paid out 
of rents &c of D & Chapter for maintnnce of Wm. Curwen — further 
sum of 23li of the residue of aforesaid rents &c out of ye impropriate 
tyths of Crackenthorpe. 5 

Walker gives him a place among his " Suffering Clergy " ; 
but he supplies us with no information concerning him 
beyond the statement that he " had no Fifths paid him." ^ 
The statement about his Sequestration, however, is correct. 
He belonged to the Curwens of Helsington, a branch of 
the Workington Curwens. His father was Harry, " said 
to have been Bishop of Sodor and Man " ; but his name 
does not appear in the list of Bishops of that See. He 
married a daughter of Mr. Jackson of Warton, Lancashire. 
Their son, William, the Crosby Ravensworth Rector, 
inarried Susan, daughter of Thomas Orton of Cambridge.^ 

1. Trans. (N.S.), vol. viii, p. 233. 

2. The Bellingham Diary (Hewitson) Introduction, p. vii. 

3. Vide p. 110. 

4. Bodl. MS. 323. 

5. Ibid. 

6. Walker, Pt. ii, p. 226. 

7. The Curwens of Workington Hall and other Families by W. 
Jackson, F.S.A. 

Crosby Ravens worth 1 1 99 

Chables Kiplixge, 1657. 

The Survey for that year states that there is no settled 
Minister here but that the Cure is supplied by " Mr 
Charles Keplinge." The Registers also give the follow- 

1657 June. John ye late sonne of John Dy ( ?) deceased lately 

dwelled at Yarmouth Christened by Mr Charles kipling the xxvth. 
Doubtless this is the person of that name who was 
educated at Sedbergh Grammar School, and who went 
thence to St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1635, being 
then 18 years of age. He was the son of John Kiplinge 
of Baldersdaile, E-ichmondshire, and was born at Balders- 
daile. ^ He is mentioned by Francis Higginson in 
connection with the Kirkby Stephen Grammar School.^ 
Whether he continued to serve the Cure until William 
Curwen's return is not clear. No other name, however, is 
forthcoming, and somebody must have been displaced at 
the time of the Restoration. 
William Curwen, M.A., 1660—1685. 

He retained the living until his death in 1685. The 
following is taken from the Registers : — 

Burial 1685 Aprill. Willm Curwen vicar of Crosby Ravensworth 

95 years of age ye vth. 

William Wilkinson, 1685—1708. 

He was instituted April 13, 1685, on a Presentation 
from Allan Bellingham. A note about his Induction 
appears in the Registers to the effect : — 

yt Gulielmus Wilkinson inductus fuit by Wm. Atkinson vie. 

of Morland tertio die Junij 1685. 
The Wilkinsons were a Westmorland family who supplied 
several Ministers to the Church. William, son of the 
Crosby Rector, matriculated Queen's College, Oxford, 
March 17, 1698-9, at the age of 17 years; and John, 
another son, was a graduate of the same University.^ In 

the Registers appears the following : — 

1707-8 January Mr. Wm. Wilkinson Vic. of Crosby Ravenswth the 

James Watson, 1708—1747. 

1. Sedbergh School Register, p. 75. 

2. Vide p. 1083. 

3. Al. Ox. 


Orton is a contraction of " Overton," under which form 
it frequently appears in earlier documents. It is called a 
" Market Towne " in the Survey of 1657 ; but to day it 
is a mere village, consisting of a few houses only. It lies 
some five miles north east of Tebay, the nearest railway 
station. The Church is dedicated to All Saints; and the 
Registers begin in 1596. The earliest volume is long and 
narrow, the main portion being paper, but a few parch- 
ment leaves have been inserted. The writing is clear, and 
the Registers generally are in excellent order. The 
following appears in the first volume : — 

A Register booke of all the Christenings Weddinges and burialls 
ffrom the yeare of our Lord god 1596. 

There is a break of about ten years between this volume 
and the next which commences in 1654. The Church- 
wardens' Accounts take up half of Volume I. and are most 
valuable. The Parish Chest contains some other interest- 
ing documents, partly used in the following account, and 
others referring to the dispute at the Nonconformist 
Chapel at Ravenstonedale in the 18th Century.^ Bishop 
Nicolson, writing in 1703, is in error in saying that the 
Registers begin in " March, 1654." ^ Evidently he was 
shown only the volume then in use, and did not know of 
the earlier one. Nicolson and Burn give a fairly complete 
list of Incumbents. The following cover our period : — 

Robert Cornet, 1573 — 1594. 

The Historians just named say that he was instituted on 
a Presentation " by queen Elizabeth, in right of her duchy 
of Lancaster (after the dissolution of the priory of 

1. Vide p. 1285. 

2. Miscel., p. 44. 

Orton 1201 

Conishead)."^ Robert Corney was born in Yorkshire and 
received bis early education at the Sedbergb Grammar 
School. He went thence to St. John's College, Cambridge, 
in 1565, and graduated B.A. in 1568. ^ He remained at 
Orton until his death in 1594. 

Henry Atkinson, M.A., 1594. 

Nicolson and Burn say that on the death of Robert 
Corney, Gerard Lowther, Esquire, High Sheriff of Cumber- 
land, entered a caveat " in claim of the right of 
Presentation of Sir John Puckering lord keeper of the 
great seal. But in about a fortnight after, the Bishop 
granted institution to Henry Atkinson M.A. presented as 
before by queen Elizabeth in right of her duchy of 
Lancaster." ^ They further state that he died in that 
year, and give John Corney as his immediate successor. 
Another name, however, must be inserted here. 

Nicholas Deane, M.A., 1595. 

He was instituted on the 22nd of December, 1595, but 
on whose Presentation is not stated.^ Nor do we know 
how long he remained here; but probably his stay was 
very brief. There was a Nicholas Deane at Kirkbride in 
1587, Bromfield in 1589, and Great Salkeld in 1602, who 
became Archdea,con of Carlisle; and this may have been 
the Orton Rector. 

John Corney, M.A., 1609—1643. 

Nicolson and Burn say that this appointment was by 
Presentation " in the same form as before by queen 
Elizabeth," and suggest 1595 as the year; but from what 
has already been advanced it will be evident that this is 
hardly likely. The first date in the Registers in which 
his name appears is 1609: — 


1609 July ffrances the daughter of Mr. John Corney Vicar of 

Orton xvith. 

1. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 483. 

2. So the Sedbergh School Register, p. 60. Cooper, however, in his 
Ath. Cant, does not mention Robert Corney. 

3. Vol. i, p. 483. • 

4. Institution Books. 

I202 The Ejected of 1662 

Other entries are as follows : — 

Mtrs Grace Corney the wife off Mr. John Comey \icar of Orton 
xxijth. [Date will be 1610 and about July.] 

Georgius Corney filius Johis Corney vicarij de Orton iiijfli 1612-3 

His second marriage is thus given in the Great Musgrave 
Registers : — 

1612 July the 24 was Mr. John Comey Vicar of Overton and 

Mrs. Sarah Salkeld widow Maried together by Lycense for publishinge 

of banns. 

He received his early education at Sedbergh Grammar 
School, and went thence to St. John's College, Cambridge, 
in 1585. Mr. Wilson states that he was brother to Robert 
Corney, his predecessor in the living, and was born in 
Yorkshire.^ He died in 1643, and the following is a notice 
of his burial, as also that of a daughter, in 1630 : — 

1630 June Mtris Grace Comey daughter of Mr. John Comey xvith. 

1643 July Mr. John Corney Vicar of Orton xvth. 

The Ravenstonedale Registers note the burial "of . . . 
mistr Corney 1650." The entry is mutilated and whether 
it was his wife or child cannot be ascertained. Nicolson 
and Burn say : — 

During the incumbency of this John Corney, the rectory and 
advowson were purchased of the crown by Francis Morice of the city 
of Westminster esquire, and Francis Phelips of the city of London 
gentleman (who purchased divers other rectories, for the sake of 
making an advantage in selling them again). They sold the rectory and 
advowson of the parish of Orton, in the year 1618, to the said John 
Corney, Edmund Branthwaite, and Philip Winster, for the sum of 
5701, in trust for the land owners within the parish ; and these three 
conveyed to 12 feofees in trust, to present upon an avoidance smh 
person to the vicarage, as shall be chosen by a majority of the lanfl 
owiners at a meeting to be appointed by the said feofees within three 
months next after the avoidance ; and in trust, when the number shall 
be reduced, to convey to other feofees to be chosen by such majority 
as aforesaid. And so it still continues. Nevertheless, notwithstanding 
the said purchase, in the year 1637, a caveat was entred by one 
Edward Newburgh, claiming to be called on the death or resignation 
of John Comey. And itti 1639, a like caveat was entred (Mr. Comey 
being not yet dead) by Thomas Barlow, M.A., Edward Birkbeck, and 

]. Sed. School Reg., p. 63. 


This village lies about four miles nortli east of Sliap, 
having Hawes Water in its Parish. The Church is 
dedicated to St. Patrick; and the Registers, which have 
recently been copied and published by Miss Noble, date 
from 1637. She states that the earlier ones are very 
imperfect, "practically indecipherable prior to 1699. I 
got a few entries from the old volume but my copy is 
almost entirely from the diocesan abstracts at Carlisle 
which commence in 1655." ^ 

The following is a list of Incumbents : — 

Christopher Sympson, 1580 — 1586. 

Two persons of this name are given by Foster as 
receiving their training at Queen's College. One of them 
graduated B.A. July 2, 1515, and M.A. February 10, 
1519-20 ; and the other who is described as " of Cumber- 
land pleb." has his " matric. entry under date 1572," ^ at 
which time he was 24 years of age. It is very possible 
that one of these is to be identified with the Bampton 
Symson. The Penrith Registers give his marriage in the 
Parish Church there to Mabel Birkbeck on June 24, 1578. 
A person of this name, probably the same, resigned the 
living of Holm Cultram in 1581.^ Christopher Symson 
died in 1586. In the Askham Registers is the following : 

1686 September The xxvth was Chrystofer Symson minister and 
vicar of Bampton at Penryth buried. 

The same entry appears in the Penrith Registers, and 
there are several references in them to his children. It 
would appear that he had his residence in Penrith. 

1. Miss Noble's Letter. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3 Nicolson and Burn, vol. ii, p. 179. 

1212 The Ejected of 1662 

Baenabas Scott, 1586—1634 (?). 

He was instituted February 23, 1586. Foster calls Mm 
Bernard and gives the following under Leonard, his son : 
" S. of Bernard of Bampton, Westmorland, sacerd. Queen's 
College,. matrie. 10 Oct, 1634, aged 20; his father vicar of 
Bampton 1587."^ Possibly he was here in 1634, certainly 
he was in 1627 : for in that year he appears in an endow- 
ment Deed to the Bampton Grammar School. - " Parson 
Scott," who is called "vicar of Thornethwaite," which is 
in Bampton Parish, is several times referred to in Lord 
Howard's " Household Books." 

James Atkinson, M.A., 1637 (.^)— 1641. 

The earliest Registers begin with him and the family 
intermarried with the Wilkinsons of Moorah Hill, of 
whom more presently. The following appears in Lord 
William Howard's " Household Books " : — 

Church Dues 

September 20. 1640. To Mr. Atkinson Vicker of Bampton for 

Composition for arrearinges of the tythes of Thornthwaite till this 

day by Sr Francis Howarde vli. 3 

Nicolson and Burn say that he died in 1641. 

Matthew Wilkinson, M.A., 1641 — 1669. 

Probably a native of Moorah Hill, Bampton. His 
University training was obtained at Queen's College, 
where he matriculated November 21, 1628, at the age of 
19 years. He graduated B.A. June 1, 1633, and M.A. 
May 11, 1637. * It appears that both he and James 
Atkinson held the Mastership of the Bampton Grammar 
School, as well as the living of the Church. In the 
Westmorland Certificate for 1646 he is described as 
" minister of Bampton." ^ His approval by the Crom- 
wellian Commissioners is given in the following : — 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Noble's Hist, of Bampton, p. 97. 

3. P. 358. 

4. Al. Ox. 

5. Vide p. 112. 



Newcastle upon Tyne. 

By the Cdmrs. March 31. 1653. 
Bampton. Whereas Mr. ^lathew Wilkinson hath addres.sed 
himselfe to us desiring to bee approved for the worke of the 
Ministry & upon tryall and Examinacon of his Guifts before us 
by divers godly and able Ministers according to the rule of the 
Art of parliament is found fit to preach the Gospel] of Jesus Christ 
& to bee duely qualified & guifted for that holy Imployment 
& hath given us Satisfaccon of his holy Life and Conversacon 
& Conformity to the psent Government These are therefore by 
vertue of the power and Authority to us given by the parliament 
to appoint & Constitute the said Mr. Wilkinson Minister of Bampton 
in the County of Westmorland and hee is hereby appointed & 
Constituted Minister of Bampton aforesaid & for his Support and 
Meyntenance It is ordered that the tythes of Bolton by Lease from 
the late Dean and Chapter of Carlisle bee setled upon the said 
Mr. Wilkinson for Increase of his Maintenance and hee is hereby 
vested in the same and as Lawfully Seized thereof to all Intents 
and purposes as if hee had been Instituted and Inducted according 
to any former Course of Law & to bee freed and discharged of his 
tenthes as much as in us lyes for ye future. 

Tho. Cholmly, Tho. Craister, Tho Lamplugh, Edward Briggs, Tho. 
Langhorne, Eogr Bateman, Hen. Horsly, Luke Eillingworth, 
Edward Winter, Hen. Ogle, Jo. Ogle, Willm Dawson, Jo. Archer. 
Entd Ant. Parsons.' 

Mr. Wilkinson 
of Bampton. 

The Comrs. appointed by an Ordinance of his Highnes with the 
advice of his Counsell for Approbacon of publique preachers having 
received a Certificate of the holy and good Conversacon of Mr. 
Mathew Wilkinson & having taken knowledge of his Grace and 
Guiftes doe Judge him qualifyed according to the sd ordinance as 
a fit person to preach the Gospell & such a one as deserves all due 
Incouragement In witnes whereof they have caused this Testimoniall 
to be Signed by their Register 

Dated att Whitehall the second day of ffebruary 1655. 
Jo. Nye Regr.^ 

Matthew Wilkinson's sympathies were strongly Non- 
conformist. Miss Noble says: — 

According to Mr. Wearing [a subsequent vicar] he was a most 
able man, of whom Dr. Thomas Smith, Bishop of Carlisle, says 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 1006. 

2. Ibid., 968. 


The Ejected of 1662 

that "though he himself got the Fellowship (at Queen's College) 
Mr. Wilkinson was the better scholar." He was eleven years at 
Queen's College, and then seems to have become vicar and school- 
master of his native place, and from the register we gather that 
Bampton, led by the vicar, was on the side of Cromwell, 1662 : 
"The priest and people were not yet well recovered. They had a 
baptistry elsewhere, — alas ! our brightest jewel had a flaw, etc," 
but in reference to him as schoolmaster Wearing says : "Mr. Matthew 
Wilkinson, a native, was then vicar, 1663 ; a most learned man, who 
laid so lasting a foundation of grammar or improved it to that height 
in this school, as hath been ever since (and we trust ever will be) if 
not envied yet justly admired." ^ 

It will be inferred from the foregoing tliat Matthew 
Wilkinson held the Bampton living through the changes 
of the Restoration, and was left undisturbed by the Act of 
Uniformity. Calamy does not mention him in any way; 
and yet it will also be evident from Mr. Wearing's state- 
ment that his Nonconformist sympathies were of a 
pronounced type. In " 1662 our brightest Jewel," says 
he, "had a flaw . . . priest and people not yet well recovered. 
They had a baptistry elsewhere." Whether subsequently 
he did completely conform, or as Mr. Wearing puts 
it " recover " from his attack of Nonconformity, does not 
appear; but his position in the village, a member of one 
of the most important families there, would somewhat 
protect him amidst his Nonconformist aberrations. At 
any rate he continued Minister until his death in 1668-9. 
In the Registers appears the following burial entry : — 

Burials 1668 Mar. 1. was Mr. Matthew Wilkinson minister buried 
in the quire at Ba. 

John Dalton, 1669—1671/2. 

This was the Yicar of Shap. 
during this period.^ 

He held the two livings 

Thomas Knott, 1672—1698. 

He was instituted August 27,1672, on the death of the 
last Vicar, the Presentation being made by the King. A 
daughter, Mary, was baptized on September 23, 1677, by 

1. Hist, of Bampton, 158. 

2. Vide p. 1194. 



" J. H. vicar of Barton " ; and there is the following 
singular entry in the Registers in reference to him : — 

Christenings — 1697, Dec. 9 Jane daughter to Thomas Sampson of 

Over Knipe being the first that our vicar Knott used Spectacles to 

baptize withall. 

He died the following year, and his burial entry reads 
thus : — 

1698 Dec. 14 Mr. Thomas Knott Late vicar of BamptoJi. 

A person of this name was at Watermillock and Amble- 
side. ^ 

Thomas Wearing, M.A., 1698/9—1742. 

He was instituted March 21, 1698/9, on the same 
Presentation. The notice of his advent is thus given in 
the Registers : — 

1698—9 Mar. Here came ye vicar — Wearing. 

It is to him that we owe so much of the interesting 
information to hand respecting the previous history of the 
Church. This he w^s in the habit of collecting and 
inserting in the Registers. Thomas Wearing had pre- 
viously been Curate of St. Lawrence, Appleby, being 
licensed as such June 20, 1698. He died in 1742. 

The Quaker movement somewhat affected this Parish; 
and the Churchwardens made frequent Presentments of 
persons of that persuasion. The following relating to this 
matter are extracted from the Registers : — 
1670 Presentment of Nonconforming quakers. 
Thomas Braidley and Margret hia wife 
Robert Bowman and Margret his wife 
John Hottblacke 
James Ayery 
Thomas Thomson. 

1672 We the Churchwardens of Bampton for 1672 
William Hudson, Thomas Braidley, John Castleshow, John Wright, 
doe present : — Susan Denison of Clattercollackhow for a child base 
begott«n Likewise we present William Gibson Agnes Gibson Mary 
Baxter Margrett Yeal and John Sampson Non Communicants. 

1676 We have no preseintments to make but what has been formerly 
presented viz. We have Thomas Braidley and Margaret his wife, 

1. Vide pp. 512, 1057. 


The Ejected of 1662 

Richard Simpson, John Hottblacke and Syth Gibson quakers and 
noe other we have in our parish but doe duely resort to Church nor 
any other offence presentable to our Knowledge Antho Hottblack 
Will Noble, Thomas milne Richard Wright, Churchwardens. 

1683 We have none to present but what have been formerly 
presented and doe stand excommunicate viz. Mr. William Hower and 
Jajie his wife papists Richard Simpson and Margaret Braidley widow 
Quakers all that we have. 

1688 We have noe papists or other dissenters in our parish only four 
quakers three whereof we present viz. Richard Simpson of Scarr John 
Clarke and his wife Moorhed, the 4th Margrett Braidley is very old 
not able to go abroad, scarcely help herself. 

1695 Presentation of dissenters from the true Protestant Church 
we have but onely one and he is a lukewarm quaker who haa often 
been presented heretofore his name is Richard Simpson and for 
anything else we have nought to present. 

There is a similar entry for 1696, whicli further says 
that E-ichard Simpson is presented every year, " tho. he 
absent the Church yett he payes his tythes." 


This Parish adjoins that of Bampton on the north, and 

the village lies some five miles to the south of Penrith. 

The Church is dedicated to St. Peter. The Registers here 

also have been recently copied and published by Miss 

Noble ; and in reference to the oldest volume she says : 

In many places it is very worn and faded, from which it is evident 

some earlier pages have, with the front cover entirely disappeared. 

A scrap obviously torn from a missing leaf bears the date 1561.' 

The first entry is April " the seconde day " 1566. The 
following is a list of Incumbents : — 

John Ayray, 1563—1673. 

Foster has several Ayrays or Airays in his list of men 
trained at Oxford, principally from Westmorland, one of 
whom Henry Airay was M. A. andD.D. Henry was the son of 
" William Airay, the favourite servant of Bernard Gilpin, 
the apostle of the north." ^ It is very probable that John 
Ayray was a native of these parts. His burial is thu& 
recorded in the Registers : — - 

1573 The eight of December was Sir John Ayray vicar of Askham 
buryed Sic vita vacat. 

John Simpson, 1574 — 1604. 

His entrance upon duty here is thus referred to in the 
Registers : — 

The entry of John Simpson vicar of Ascame begonne the xxist day 
of Marche Anno Dom. 1574 and in the sixteenth year of our Sovreign 
Lady Elizabeth. 

His burial is noted thus : — 

1604 on Aprill 15 was Sr John Symsonn Clarke and Vickar of 
Ascham buryed, being Low Sonday Anno Dni 1604 and Mr. John 
Haystye preached. 

1. The Registers of the Parish of Askham from 1566 — 1812, p. ix. Intro, 

2. Al. Ox. 

12 18 The Ejected of 1662 

Thomas Warwick, M.A., 1604—1610. 

He was instituted January 28, 1603/4. Nicolson and 
Burn, say that on the vacancy caused by the death of 
John Simpson, a case was stated in reference to the matter 
of Presentation and the " opinion of Sir Edward Coke " was 
sought thereon. The case states the death of John Middle- 
ton, of Farlam, to whom Thomas Sandford, Esquire, had 
granted the right of Presentation on the next ''two avoid- 
ances " in consideration of the " good counsel and advice," 
which John Middleton had given to him " in his causes." 
It further states that John Middleton by Will had given 
" the next turn back again to the heirs of Thomas Sand- 
ford; that the heirs had refused the bequest; and one of 
the questions is whether the executors of Middleton should 
present or it would fall to the bishop. On the margin of 
this query Sir Edward writes : ' The presentment of the 
executors is good in law, and the bishop ought to allow of 
it.' However the living was suffered to lapse and the 
bishop thereupon collated Thomas Warwick, M.A." ^ 
Nicolson and Burn add that Thomas Warwick resigned in 
1611. There is something requiring explanation here; 
and indeed in refeience to the last Vicariate also. For the 
Registers, under date " 1591 Aprill 29," give the follow- 

Visitation at Aplebye "Mr. Johannem Hutchinson vicar." 

The Historians date the Vicariate of John Hutchinson 
from 1611 ; and yet it would appear that he had been here 
already ten years by that time. Were John Simpson and 
Thomas Warwick both Pluralists with John Hutchinson 
as their Curate at Askham? That is the explanation 
which suggests itself. The Pluralism, which was so much 
in vogue in these days, adds greatly to the difficulty of 
forming an accurate list of Incumbents for the various 
Parishes. There is no mention of Thomas Warwick in 
the Registers. 

John Hutchinson, 1611 — 1635. 

Nicolson and Burn state that he resigned in 1635. In 
1. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 421. 

Askham 1 2 1 9 

the Eegisters appears the following, but whether referring- 
to him is not quite certain : — 

1644 Sept. The viij day was John Hutchinson buried. 

Lancelot Hutchinson, 1635 — . 

He was instituted March 18, 1635, on a Presentation by 
the King, the place being described as "Astan vie. als 
Asakam." He was the son of John Hutchinson, his 
predecessor, his baptismal entry in the Registers reading 
thus : — 

1609—10 March the xxi day was Lanclott Hutchinson the sonne 

of Sir John Hutchinson of Askham baptized. 

His University training was received at Queen's College, 
Oxford, where he matriculated November 21, 1628, being 
then 18 years of age.^ In the Westmorland Certificate 
for 1646, he is referred to as " Minister of Askham Hall 
formrly Complyed wth the enemie, but since taken the 
Covenant." ^ Ultimately, however, he was sequestered,, 
though Walker does not find him a place in his list. 

Christopher Langhorne, 1660. 

Probably a native of the district and like his predecessor 
trained at Queen's College. Foster gives the following: 
" Ser. subscribed 7 Nov. 1655; vicar of Askham, Westmor- 
land, ejected for Nonconformity in 1662." ^ He was 
appointed after 1657, as in that year the place was 
vacant.* Both Calamy and Palmer content themselves 
with the mere mention of his name; but scraps of infor- 
mation have been gleaned in other directions. " The 
Langhornes," says Miss Noble, " were another old Bamp- 
ton family. There is a tradition that the name is derived 
from an ancestor who was keeper of the King's deer in 
his forest of Thornthwaite. In the sixteenth century we 
find the family at Beckfoot, and from wills of 1574-5 it 
appears that they had intermarried with the Salkelds 

1. Al. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 112. 

3. Al. Ox. 

4. Vide p. 1308. 


The Ejected of 1662 

and with tlie Wicklifees of Torpenliow Park." ^ Not 
only in Askham but in adjoining districts the family 
were numerous and influential, and several of that name 
appear in the Presentment Lists for Nonconformity of one 
sort or another. Thomas Langhorne of Penrith licensed 
his house for Nonconformist preaching in 1672,^ and John 
Langhorne is mentioned as one of the suggested Elders 
for Shap in 1646.^ The Registers, however, come to our 
assistance in a remarkable fashion as the following extract 
shows : — 

Anno Dom. 1660. 

The 24 day [June] was Mabell the doughter of William Herryson 
of Askham baptized by Willyam Smith of Lowther minister because 
they did not tell him the day before Cristafer Langhorne Minister 
of Askham coulde nott baptize it butt the next day he coulde a 
downe it. 

What prevented Langhorne from doing this service is not 
said; but the entry is important. It, at least, establishes 
the fact that he was Minister here at the time of the 
Restoration; but his Ejection must have taken place 
almost immediately, as Lancelot Hutchinson was back in 
the living by August, 1661. In the Bampton Registers 
appear the following, but whether referring to the 
Ejected Minister is not certain : — 

1667 Baptisms Dec. 26. Mary daughter to Mr. Christopher Lang- 

1691 Burialls July 4. Jane daughter to Mr. Christopher Langhorne 
of Beckfoot buryed in ye Church. 

Lancelot Hutchinson, 1661 — 1677. 

The following is decisive as to his return, at least, in 
1661: — 

1661, Gathered in Askham church 

The collection for Pontefract being payed in to Mr. Tho : Jackson 
of Carlile the third of Aagust was fower shillinges two pence. 

The collection for Scarburrough payed in to Thomas Rigge High 
Constable about the same time was one shillinge eightpence. 

1. Hist, of Bampton, p. 184. 

2. Vide p. 1368. 

3. Vide p. 112 

Askham 1 2 2 1 

The collection for Drayton payed to the sd Mr. Thomas Rigge 
was two shillinges fiowerpenee half pennye. 
Robert Bowman \ Ita testar Lancelot 

Tho. Kendaile I Churchwardens. Hutchinson Vicar ibid. 

Joh. Kirkbride j John Slee pish Clarke. 

Lancelot Harrison. Robert Mounsey 

Edward Bowman. 

Owseeres for ye poore.' 

On "ffebruary" 20th, 1676-7, " Dorothye," his wife, 
was buried ; and he survived her only a few weeks as the 
Registers testify : — 

1677 Aprilis the 30 Lancelotuo Hutchinson CI Vicario de Askham 

Joseph James, M.A., 1678—1680. 

He was instituted May 5, 1678, on a Presentation by 
" Wm Sandford Ar " the vacancy being caused by the 
death of the last Incumbent. He was a graduate of 
Glasgow University; ordained Priest, March 7, 1676/7; 
and resigned in 1680. 

Thomas Bell, M.A., 1680—1690. 

He was instituted September 7, 1680, on the same 
Presentation and was also a Scotch graduate. The 
Registers give the following respecting him : — 

1680 This year at Easter did Mr. Tho. Bell Master of Arts enter 
upon his vicarage of Askham. 

He was deprived June 9, 1690, according to Nicolson and 
Burn, " for not taking the oaths to king William and 
queen Mary." ^ 

There was a Thomas Bell at Lanercost in 1679.^ 

David Bell, M.A., 1690—1695. 

He was instituted August 10, 1690, on the same 
Presentation; and was brother to Thomas Bell just 
named, being like him a graduate of a Scotch University. 
He ceded Askham for Kirklinton in 1695.* 

1. Askham Parish Registers. For a reference to Hutchinson and 
the Quakers in 1672 vide Besse, vol. ii, p. 22. 

2. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 422. 

3. Vide p. 279. 

4. Vide p. 313. 


The Ejected of 1662 

John Sisson, B.A., 1695—1696. 

He was instituted May 23, 1695, on the same Presenta- 
tion; was the son of Theodore Sisson of Kirkbarrow-in- 
Barton, "Westmorland ; and matriculated Queen's College 
May 23, 1683, at the age of 18 years, graduating B.A. in 
1688. Foster says: "vicar of Askham 1695 until 1711 
when Lancelot Sisson succeeded."^ This, however, is 
quite wrong, for John Sisson died in 1696, his burial entry 
in the Askham Registers appearing thus : — 

1696 Jan. The 31st. John Sisson vicar of Askham waa buried at 


Jeremiah Seed, B.A., 1696—1707. 

He was ordained Deacon by John of Chester June 3, 
1683 ; Priest by the same May 25, 1684 ; and was Curate 
of Kendal in 1691. The Kendal Registers give the 
following : — 

Burial, September 29. 1691 Jonathan Son of Mr. Jeremiah Seed of 

Kendal Clerk. 

He was instituted to Askham February 4, 1696/7, on the 
same Presentation as the last. His wife, Elizabeth, was 
buried at Askham, March 8th, 1699/1700, and the 
Registers also say : — 

The same day Dorothy Sissooi Vid : was buried. 

This was probably the widow of John Sisson. Jeremiah 
Seed resigned in 1707, and removed to Clifton.^ 
The following Presentments were made in 1684 : — 

We the Chwardens of Askham doe present those persons following 
— John Browne Robert Hutchinson Tho. Airay sen : for Hilton — Tho. 
Langhome Mary Langhorne Mary Dawson, Will : Dawson, Isabell 
Lowes quaker John Lowes for not baptizing his childe. We want a 
Terrier of the Glebe lands. We have no book of banns. 3 

Archer Chambers, M.A., 1707 — 1711. 

Possibly he was related to Bishop Nicolson's wife who 
was an Archer of Kendal. Chambers was instituted Dec. 
31, 1707, and buried February 7, 1710/11. 

1. AI. Ox. 

2. Vide p. 1241. 

3. Parish Registers, p. 108. 

Askham 1223 

Lancelot Sisson, 1711. 

He was instituted April 30, 1711. 

Bishop Nicolson, in his Diary, thus writes : - — 

1704. July 20 Thursday. After Dinner a short visit (wth most of 
ye Company at Askham ; where the Church put into beautiful order 
by ye Commutation of Innocent prisoner Langhorn.^ 

In 1684 the Langhornes of Penrith were under sentence 
of excommunication and the Bishop wrote John Child to 
respite the same.^ The Askham Registers repeatedly 
refer to the children of " Prisoner Langhorne," and 
continue to do so after the date above given. It would 
appear, therefore, that the name stuck to him after his 
release. What was the nature of the charge against him 
we do not know. 

1. Trans (N.S.), vol. ii, p. 199. 

2. Vide p. 436. 

yi. BAETON. 

This is a very extensive Parish, thinly populated in the 
neighbourhood of the Church, which lies about two and a 
half miles north of Ullswater, and about four and a half 
south west of Penrith. The Church is dedicated to St. 
Michael; and the E^egisters begin in 1676, the first few 
pages being faded. There are many Martindale entries 
in them. The volume is in a leather cover, and the later 
writing is bad. The following is a list of Incumbents : — 

John Hudson, 1566—1608. 

He died in the latter year, and George Hudson, possibly 
a relative and afterwards at Kirkbride and Uldale,^ and 
Lancelot Dawes were presented at the same time. The 
ultimate decision was in favour of the latter. A John 
Hudson was at Ormside in 1591. ^ 

Lancelot Davs^es, M.A., D.D., 1608—1653. 

He was instituted, July 18, 1608, and was a Pluralist, 
holding along with Barton the living of Asby. He died 
in 1653.3 

Timothy Eoberts, B.A., 1655 — 1660. 

He was educated at Jesus College, Oxford, where he 
matriculated July 21, 1651; and graduated B.A. from 
New College June 22, 1655.'* He compounded for his 
First Fruits in 1656. For once Nicolson and Burn find a 
place in their work for an Ejected Minister. They merely 
say, however : — 

A Welshman, who was ejected after the Restoration for Noncon- 
formity. 5 

1. Vide p. 554. 

2. Vide p. 1143. 

3. Vide p. 1111. 

4. Al. Ox. 

5. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 404. 



His appointment to Barton is given in the following 
terms : — 




Tim. Roberts 
Cert, as aforesd 


Geo. Marshall 
Jo. Johnson 
Tho. Neast 
Tho. Pelham 

Know all men by these psents that the 
9th day of November in the yeare one 
thousand six hundred ffifty and five There 
was exhibited to the Comissionrs &c A 
presentation of Tymothy Roberts Gierke 
to ye Vicarage of Barton in ye County 
of Westmorland made to him by William 
Dawes gentleman the patron thereof 
Together &c. approved the said Timothy 
Roberts to be &c. doe admitt the said 
Timothy Roberts to ye vicarage of Barton 
aforesaid to be full &c. In witnesse &c. 
Dated at Whitehall the 14th day of 
Nov. 1655.' 


3 Oct. 

Timotliy Roberts was ejected in 1660, and Calamy's 
account of him is as follows : — 

Barton : Mr. Timothy Roberts. A Welchman of considerable 
Learning. He was a Man of great Humility and Self-denial, a 
close Student, and profitable Preacher. He was particularly famous 
for his great Skill in the Hebrewe Tongue. He was imprison'd at 
Appleby, for preaching contrary to the Act. He is the same 
Person that Mr. Baxter mentions, who died of the Plague. He 
died between Shrewsbury and Oswestry, upon a little Straw, none 
daring to come near him, because of the Infection.^ 

It would appear that after his Ejection he sought 
shelter in the solitary neighbourhood of Martindale; and 
whether he actually imbibed the wild views attributed to 
him in the appended extract, or it is merely to be regarded 
■ as a reflection of the excited and hysterical condition 
which everywhere prevailed, cannot be ascertained. There 
is no reason to think that he was ever beneficed at Martin- 
dale as is here alleged : — 

Information of A. W. 

Saith that one Gapt. Lei f tenant Strange (a rash heady person) was 

perswading the 5th monarch men, in whome he hath some Interest, 

to taike this juncture of time to attempt Whitehall 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 996. 

2. Calamy, vol. ii, p. 752 ; vol. iii, p. 864. 

1226 The Ejected of 1662 

That some of the Soberer phanatiques sent to him and Argued the 
case with him and perswayded him, that it was more rationall to 
stay, and see what advantages they might have by the war with 

That Strang in a very Imperious way tolde them, he would stay 
one moneth longer in which time, if they would come to noe resolutions 
he would taike his owne way 

That they found by him (if he did attempt any thinge) it should be 
first upon the Kiiige and Whitehall and Monke as he termed him 
and his Logings which they conseiaved was fesable 

That one Capt. Cox he that served in Sweed land saith he was 
Courted to taike the Command of A Frygatt, that the one Designing 
to fitt him with a merchant man and in which he will freely ingage 
against the Duch but taikes this way that he may without Suspicion 
bringe into England (If occationble) any of theere Banished party or 
Lambert from his imprisonment; who is of good repute with the 
Sober phanatiques ; but not with the 5th ^lonarchy people. 

That one Eoberts, or Robart or such a name for he could not 
exactly remember it about sume 6 days since, was with them, he is a 
Scoch Minister turned out of his Living, was beneficed in Marten Dale, 
he asshured them that things were in a good Posture in West Morland 
& thos Countrys and upon the Borders of Scotland, and waited 
expecting A fitt oppertunity to appeare Mr. John Groodwine (whom he 
beleeves writt Mene tekill) is wrighting another verse of the same 
nature, and its all most reddy for* the presse, he shewed me both the 
parts of Mene Tekeil in one volume, which they gave" him, and would 
have had him to have gotten it reprinted ; but he waived the 
undertaikeing he pretended he was not accquainted with the prisses. 
[On the outside] 

Informacion agt Capt. Lieut. Stange : his tampering with ye 
Cheleasts to murder ye King &c. 

England :' 
[The document is very faint and difficult to read. It bears no date 
except a pencilled one, 1663.] 

There is somethiiig very pathetic in Calamy's account 
of Roberts's end as previously given. Probably he was 
making his way to Wales, his own country, when the 
infection overtook him. 

John Harrison, B.A., 1662/3—1705. 

He was instituted February 3, 1662/3, and compounded 
for his First Fruits in that year. In 1671 he appears as 
one of the supervisors of the "Will of Agnes Dudley of 

1. S. P. Dom. Car. ii, vol. 114, fol. 11. 

Barton 1227 

Yanwath. A son, Jolm, matriculated at Queen's College, 
May 23, 1683, at the age of 18 ; and another son, Thomas, 
is entered in the Registers as baptized " May ye 15th 
1673." Probably this is the person referred to in the 
following : — 

Buriales 1692 Thomas Harrison Schoolmr Son of John Harrison 
Vic. of Barton 9br. 18. ^ 

Besse (Vol. II, p. 11), under date 1663, mentions 
" Eichard Brown Priest of Barton," at whose suit 
William Cartmell, Richard Thompson, and Arthur 
Burrow, Quakers, were cast into prison; and the Kendal 
Indictment Book gives a list of inhabitants petitioning 
for a bridge between Askham and Lowther at Easter 1685, 
in which, under Barton, appear James Webster, Minister, 
and Mr. Airey, Schoolmaster. The significance of these 
is not clear. 

John Harrison's burial entry reads as follows : — 

The Reverend Mr. John Harrison who was vicar of Barton for 
forty four years departed this Life on St. John Baptist's Day being 
the 24th of June 1705 and was Buried the 25th day of the same 
month and in the 74th year of his Age. 

RiCHAED Stainton, 1705 — 1734. 

The following notice of his Institution and Induction 
appears in the Registers : — 

1705 Memorand. That Mr. Eichd Stainton was Instituted vicar 
of Barton at Rose Castle the 17th day of July by the Rt. reverend 
Wm. Ld. Bpp. of Carlile and Inducted the 20th of ye said Month 

Bi. Stainton. 

He had previously been at St. Bees, and died in 1734. ^ 
At the end of the Register Book beginning with Sept., 
1676, is a record of grants from the benefaction of 
" Mrs. Agnes Dudley of Yanwath," " for the aged poore 
decrepitte & impotent persons of the parish of Barton." 
The interior of the Church is extremely interesting. 
It contains two arches and within the Communion rail is 
the following curious brass : — 

1. Bassenthwaite Registers. 

2. Vide p. 783. 


The Ejected of 1662 

Hie Jacet Francisca Dawes filia 
Thomae Fletcher de Strickland Armigeri 
natu Maxima perquam Charisima quidem 
et perdilecta uxor Lanceloti Dawes de 
Barton Kirke generosi quae huic mundo 
spe multa melioris vicessimo tertio 
die februarij valedixiit Anno 
Aetatis Suae xxiii Annoq Domini 1673. 

Under this stone Reader Interr'd doth lye 

beauty and Vertues true Epitomy 

Att her appearance the noone sun 

blush'd & Shrunke in cause quite out done 

In her Concenter'd did all graces dwell 

God pluck't my Rose yt he might take a smell 

He say noe more but weeping wish I may 

Soone wth thy Deare Chast Ashes come to lay. 


Patterdale is under the shadow of Helvellyn at the 
south end of Ullswater, and in the heart of the majestic 
scenery of the Lake District. The Church is dedicated 
to St. Patrick and is an old foundation, being formerly 
a Chapel of Ease to Barton. The Registers begin in 1612, 
and the following is an account of them : — 

The first volume of the Registers begins with an entry on 
November 22nd 1612, and ends with one in the month of May, 1642. 
This volume is in fair condition. The exterior leaves show signs of 
wear and fading of the ink owing to exposure to the light. There is 
not much of special interest in this volume. A gap in the Register 
occurs between May, 1642, and October, 1653, when the second volume 

The first page of the second volume is nearly illegible, but it could 
probably all be made clear by judicious treatment. It continues with 
only one break until June 1st, 1755 ; the break occurs between 
April 2nd, 1738, and April 4th, 1740. Two copies of the Register for 
the years 1743 to 1748 are to be found in this volume; in the second 
of these copies there are some slightly fuller particulars. The two 
first volumes are on vellum. 

Volume III. which is on paper, begins on April 6th, 1763, thus 
making another gap of eight years from the close of Voliune II., and 
goes on to the beginning of the nineteenth century, after which the 
modern formal Registers commence. At the end of Volume III. 
there is an interesting sketch and plan of the old church, drawn in 

The County Histories make no attempt at any list of 
persons who have served the living. The following fairly 
cover the period with which we are concerned : — 

Michael Hirde, about 1623. 

In the Will of Eichard Threlkeld of Kelhouse, Patter- 
dale, dated 1623, appears the name of " Mr. Michael Hirde 
our late Curate." A Michael Hurd was at Dearham in 

1. Records of Patterdale by the Rev. W. P. Morris, p. 21. 

2. Vide p. 728. 

1230 The Ejected of 1662 

Peter Birkett, 1631—1671/2. 

He was ordained Priest, December 14, 1623. In 
the Will of Ambrose Threlkeld of Patterdale, dated 
1631, " Peter Byrkett Curate " is named. How long he 
had been here at the time we do not know. The Common- 
wealth Survey for 1657 calls him a " Eeader." In the 
Will also of Jennett Threlkeld of Glenridding, Patter- 
dale, dated 1661, and proved December, 1662, " Peter 
Byrkett Clerk," again appears as a witness. The changes 
of the Commonwealth and Restoration do not seem to have 
been felt here. Peter Birkett held the living until his 
death. The Registers give the following: — 
1671-2 March 15th Mr. Peter Birkett Minister buryed. 

A Richard Birkett, possibly a relation, served the neigh- 
bouring Chapel of Martindale for a period of sixty years. 

Langhorne, 1675. 

The Registers give the following : — 
1675 December 23rd Mr. Langhom, minister buryed. 

It is much to be regretted that the information respecting 
him is so scanty, and that, at least, the Christian name has 
not been supplied. The Langhornes were a local family, 
and Christopher Langhorne was ejected from Askham a 
short distance away. It is interesting to note that neither 
in the Bampton nor Askham Registers does his burial 
entry appear. Can this be the Christopher Langhorne in 
question? Did he seek asylum in this secluded place 
from the persecutor, as his neighbour Timothy Roberts 
seems to have done? There is no confirmatory evidence, 
but the query is worth starting. At any rate, possibly the 
Patterdale Langhorne was a connection. 

Edmund Kilner, 1690. 

Whether he immediately followed Langhorne does not 
appear. His burial entry reads thus : — 

1705 November 20th Mr. Edmvmd Kilner Curate of Patterdale, 


John Mattixson, 1706 — 1765. 

He was born in 1669 being the son of Henry Mattinson 
of Patterdale. His marriage with Elizabeth Dockwray, 

Patterdale 1 2 3 1 

on December 1st, 1726, is given in the Registers. The 
following account of this interesting man is worth 
inserting : — 

He was curate of Patterdale for nearly sixty years ; the income of 
his curacy was £12, and never exceeded £18 per annum. He married 
and lived comfortably, and had four children — he buried his mother — 
he married his father and buried his father, he christened his wife, 
and published his own banns of marriage in the church — he christened 
and married all his children, and educated his own son till he was a 
good scholar, and fit for the college ; he lived to the age of 96, and 
died possessed of £1000. It has been alleged that this provident 
curate assisted his wife to card and spin the portion of tithe wool to 
his lot; that he taught a school, which brought him in about fiva 
pounds a year ; add to this, that his wife was a skilful midwife. 

It is further related that the wife " performed the opera- 
tions as a midwife for the small sum of one shilling ; and 
according to ancient custom, she was likewise cook at the 
christening dinner, for which she also received some 
perquisites. On the day of her marriage her father 
hoasted that his two daughters were married to the two 
best men in Patterdale — the priest and the bagpiper." ^ 
The Episcopal Register has : " John Mattinson licensed 
Curate and Ludim. at Patterdale May 20, 1706." The 
Patterdale Registers give his burial thus : — 

1765 Dec. 19 John Mattinson, Curate of Patterdale, Buried. 

1. Records of Patterdale, p. 29, and note. This story is given in the 
Monthly Repository for 1824 (p. 123) and is said to be taken from the 
Westmorland newspapers which " record the recent death of an indus- 
trious and saving clergyman of the name of ^lathson, at the age of 90, 
the minister of Patterdale." 


This place is on the left of Ullswater and some five 
miles from Barton, to which originally, as in the case of 
Patterdale, it was a Chapel of Ease. The Registers, which 
begin in 1633, have been transcribed by Mr. Henry 
Brierley and recently published. The following are the 
Curates with whom we are concerned : — 

Richard Birkett, 1633—1699. 

He was ordained Deacon, June 16, 1633, and Priest in 
March, 1635. The Registers note his marriage thus : — 

1685 Nov. 23 Richard Birkett & Anne Browne. 
If this was his first marriage it was a late one, for he 
must have been a very old man at the time. His burial 
entry is as follows : — 

Burial 1699 Dec. 27. Bdchard Birkett, Curate. 
His Will, dated May 31, 1692, mentions as his nephew,. 
Richard Birkett. He lies in Martindale Churchyard, and 
a tombstone thus inscribed perpetuates his memory : — 

Here lyeth interred Eichard 

Birkett Clerk who 

procured this Chappell 

to be consecrated with parochial! 

rights. As Curat he remained 

here 67 years and as a 

Benefactor he gave to ye 

Chappell one hundred pounds. 

As a most affectionate husband 

he left to his wife 

a comfortable subsistence 

who in token of her 

gratitude and to perpetuate 

his memory caused this 

tomb to be erected. He 

dyed on the 25th of 

December in the 95th year 

of his age Anno Domini 

A person of this name was at Brigham in 1582.^ 
1. Vide p. 746. 



Jonah Walkee, 1699. 

He was licensed as Schoolmaster and Reader by the 
Bishop of Carlisle May IT of that year. 

William Brownhigg, 1700 — 1747. 

The following from the Registers notes his license to 
serve the Cure : — 

1700 May 26 ' was Wm. Brownrigg admitted into Deacon's orders 
& by the presentation of Mr. Wm. Davies (was licensed to supply 
the Cure of ye Chappie of Martindale) who was ye undoubted 
Patrone thereof. 

He married Mary Martindale, May 24, 1736, and was 
buried, Feb. 25, 1747, in Martindale Churchyard. His 
widow survived until June 1759. His Will, dated Oct. 5, 
1741, mentions as " beloved nephews " Thomas Todhunter 
of " Graystock Castle " and Robert Clark of Martindale. 

1. The Episcopal Register gives May 29, and says that he was Curate 
and Schoolmaster. 


This is a village some four miles south of Penrith. The 
Church is dedicated to St. Michael and the Registers 
begin in 1540. With the exception of a few years, they 
run on continuously and are in excellent condition, being 
beautifully written with scarcely a page faded. The list 
of Incumbents is as follows : — 


Thomas Fairfax, M.A., B.D., 

He was at Caldbeck in 1583,^ and evidently held 
Lowther in Plurality with it for some time. 

Leonard Lowther, M.A., 1587 — 1609. 

He was instituted on the Presentation of Richard 
Lowther. Nicolson and Burn, on what authority is not 
stated, give him as Leonard Hudson alias Lowther. A 
"Sir" George Hudson was an occasional preacher here, 
and the Historians have evidently confused the two. 
Leonard Lowther, like so many of that time, was a 
Pluralist, having the living of Greystoke as well as 
Lowther. This will explain why so frequently the names 
of other preachers appear in the Registers. In March, 
1606, for example, it is said that " Mr. Todd Dyd peach 
here the 30 daye his text was in the first of St. Paulle to 
ye Correnthenes the 9 chapter & 24 verse in these wordes — 
so runne that you may obtaine." Mr. Thomas Warwick, 
Sr. Edward Willson, Sr. George Hudson, Peterston, 
Leonard Scott, Richard Burton, Mr. Dawes and Mr. Hastie 
are among the names that occur. This is a feature also 
of the Watermillock Registers, but unfortunately the 
scribe has not been so careful to add the name of the place 
represented by the preacher, in the case of Lowther as in 

1. Vide p. 547. 

Lowther ^235 

the other. Leonard Lowther died in 1609 as the follow- 
ing shows : — 

1609 December Mr. Leonard Lowther p'son of Lowther was buried 
the third daye. 

He was also at Great Orton and Bowness.^ 

Christopher Lowther, B.A., 1610 — 1613. 

He was instituted May 10, 1610, on a Presentation by 
his father, Sir Christopher Lowther, and a note of his 
Induction is thus given in the Registers : — 

1610 June Sr. Chrestofer Lowther was inducted pson of Lowther 
by Mr. Leonard Scott the 2 day. 

Foster says that he was " of Westmorland, militis fil. 
Queen's Coll., matric. 30 May, 1606, aged 19; B.A. 21 
March, 1609-10 (S. Sir Christopher, knighted 13 April 
1603), rector of Lowther. "^ He would, therefore, be brother 
to Lancelot, of Kirkby Thore and Workington, and to 
Richard, Barrister and M.P. for Appleby in 1640. He 
died quite young as the following shows : — 

1612—3 March Mr. Chrestofr Lowther was buried the xxith daye. 

John Teasdale, M.A., 1613—1656. 

He was instituted Sept. 10, 1613, and his Induction is 
thus referred to in the Registers : — 

1613 Mr. John Teasdaill was inducted pson of Lowther the xviij 
daye [Month— (?)]. 

In the Westmorland Certificate for 1646 he is merely 
described as " parson of Lowther," The following entries 
appear in the Registers : — 

1635 October Mistres Dorithy Teasdell wife of John Teasdell 
buried the 4th day. 

John Teasdell sonne of Mr. Chrestopher Teasdell borne the twentie 
third dae of November & was baptized the third of December 1655. 
1656 Dec. Mr. John Teasdell pson of Lowther buried the twentie 
1st day of December. 

John Teasdale held the Bongate living previous to being 
at Lowther.^ 

1. Vide pp. 227, 600 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Vide p. 1137. 


The Ejected of 1662 

Lowther in Com. 

Devereux Spencer, 1657. 

This is an entirely new name and the authority for it 
is the following : — 

Devereux Spencer Gierke — admitted the 10th 
day of June 1657 to ye rectory of Lowther 
in ye County of Westmland Upon a pres. Ex- 
hibited the same day from Tho. Disney Esqr 
the patron and Certificates from Jo. Templear 
Eobt. Carre of Streatham in ye Isle of Ely 
John Courtman of Thorpe Malsor.' 

He could only have held the living for a very short time, 
as William Smith was here in that year. A person of 
this name compounded for his First Fruits for "Chedall" 
Staffs., in 1659. 

William Smith, 1657—1676. 

Foster has a large number of persons of this name but 
he does not identify any one with the Lowther Rector. 
The following entries appear in the Registers: — 

1658 Octo. Elizabeth Smith daughter of Mr. William Smith bap- 
tized the 10th day. 

1659 Mr. John Smith Sonne of Mr. William Smith baptized the 
10th day. 

1661 Nov. Mr. William Smith Sonne of Mr. William Smith 
baptized the sixth day and buried the eighth day of December. 

1663 Aprill Mathew Smith Sonne of Mr. William Smith baptized 
the 2 day. 

1665 Sep. William Smith Sonne of Mr. William Smith baptized 
the 21st day. 

1667—8 March George Smith sone of Mr. Willyam Smith baptized 
the [5th] day. 

1670 Oct. Joseph Smith son of Mr. Willyam Smith baptized the 
Thirteenth day. 

1672-3 ffeb. Beniamin Smith son of Mr. Will Smith baptized the 
20 day. 

1675 Apr. Samuell Smith son of Mr. Willyam Smith baptized the 

1676 June Posthumius Smith son of Mr. Willyam Smith was borne 
the 10th day and baptized the 27th day of June Anno Domini 1676. 

1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.) 998. ' 

Lowther 1237 

William Smith lived on undisturbed by the Restora- 
tion, though the following suggests that enquiry was 
made into his position : — 

Mandate from the King to Certify when and how ye Rectory of 
Lowther became void Nov. 28. Anno Regni decimo quinto [1663]. 

Answer to ye Mandate ye Lowther Rectory became void by ye 
resignation of Teasdell January undecenio 1663.' 

Yet the Episcopal Register speaks of the admission of 
William Smith in February, 1656, on the voluntary 
resignation of Teasdale, and it should be noted that no 
reference is made to the occupancy of the living by 
Devereux Spencer. Smith's burial entry appears in the 
Clifton Registers thus : — 

1675 Mr. Smith Rector of Lowther [was buriedj upon the first 
day of December in Lowther Church. Mr. Child Vicar of Penreth 
preached his "ffuneral Sermon" — his text was Zech. I. 5 Your 
fathers where are they? and the prophets do they live for ever? 

Doubtless we have a reference to the fact of his death in 
the name of the child born and baptized the year after. 
George, another son, received his early education at 
Sedbergh Grammar School, and went thence to St. John's 
College, Cambridge, in 1689, being at the time 20 years 
of age. ^ 

Richard Tiirelkeld, B.A., 1676 — 1694. 

He was instituted April 19, 1676, on the death of 
William Smith, the Presentation being made by Sir John 
Lowther. Foster says: — " ' Ser ' Queen's Coll. matric. 
1 April 1664, B.A. 1668; perhaps rector of Lowther, 
Westmorland, 1676, and of Aikton, Cumberland, 1695." 
He was the father of John Threlkeld, whose matriculation 
entry into Queen's College is dated Oct. 10, 1692, he being 
then 14 years of age.^ The Registers give Jan. 16, 1675-6, 

1. Episcopal Register. 

2. Sedbergh Grammar School, p. 103. 

3. Al. Ox. 


The Ejected of 1662 

as " the first Sunday yt Mr. Threlkeld preached at 
Lowther," and the following entries appear in them : — 
1676-7 ffeb. Katherene Threlkeld daughter of Mr. Richard Threlkeld 
borne the 27 day of Jan. and baptized 22d day of ffebruarie. 

1691 May Richard ye son of Mr. Richard Threlkeld buried ye 
30th day. 

He was subsequently at Aikton.^ 

Richard Holme, M.A., 1694—1738. 

He was instituted 26 Feb. 1694/5, on the Presentation of 
Sir John Lowther. He was the son of James Holme of 
Sedbergh, and in the Grammar School of that place he 
received his early education. He entered St. John's 
College, Cambridge, in 1672, being then 16 years of age, 
and graduated B.A. in 1675. Previous to being at 
Lowther he was at Aspatria ; and the Registers state that 
he was inducted to Lowther by " William Nicolson Arch- 
deacon of Carlile" on Feb. 28, 1694-5. He appears to have 
held the living at Aikton ^ for some time as well as the 
one at Lowther; and was a Prebendary of Carlisle in 
1727. He died in 1738, his burial entry being as follows : 

November 10, 1738 Buried Mr. Richard Hohne Rector of this 

He bequeathed £100 for the maintenance of a poor Scholar 
at Cambridge, and also endowed two Girls' Schools at 

1. Vide p. 637. 

2. Ibid. 

3. Sedbergh School Register, p. 92. 


This is a small village about three miles south east of 
Penrith, and one mile from Clifton Station. The Church is 
dedicated to St. Cuthbert ; and the first date in the earliest 
Registers is 1675. The volume is made of paper and was 
rebound some time ago, being then in a most dilapidated 
condition. The Churchwardens' Accounts in the same 
book are for the years 1678 and 1679. Both Registers and 
Accounts are extremely interesting, containing all sorts 
of entries, which serve as sidelights iipon the condition of 
things in the times to which they belong. The entries 
in the Registers are arranged in columns under the three 
headings — Christenings, Marriages and Burials — on the 
same page. Bishop Nicolson, writing in 1703, says: — 

I saw not the Registers of Brougham and this Parish [Clifton] ; 
But the Rector (at whose House they are kept) assures me that they 
are each above 100 years old, and that the former gives a particular 
acct of King James the First entertaining (hunting &c) at the Castle, 
as he retum'd this way from Scotland.' 
The following is a list of Incumbents : — 

John Wybergh, M.A., 1566—1583. 

He was a native of the place. Foster says: — " B.A. 
28 April, 1559, M.A. 10 July, 1568; Rector of Clifton, 
Westmorland, 1566." ^ 
Edward Maplett, M.A., 1583. 

He was collated by Bishop Meye, and was probably the 
person of that name who appears as Yicar of Addingham.^ 

John Fletcher, 1632. 

Nicolson and Burn say that he died in this year. 

Robert Simpson, M.A., 1632—1634. 

He was collated by Bishop Potter, March 6, 1631/2, and 
ceded for Bongate, Appleby, in 1634.'* 

1. Miscel. &c., p. 68. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Vide p. 349. 

4. Vide p. 1137. 

a d 

1240 The Ejected of 1662 

John Winter, M.A., 1634—1668. 

He was collated by the same Bishop on June 24, 1634, 
and is referred to in the Westmorland Certificate for 1646 
as " minister of Clifton, one who f ormly complyed wth the 
Enemy, but since taken ye Covent." 1 Foster gives the 
following: — "Of Westmorland, pleb. Queen's Coll., 
matric. 10 Nov., 1621, aged 19, B.A. 21 July, 1625 ; rector 
of Clifton, Westmorland, 1634." ^ Nicolson and Bum say 
that " he was ejected by Cromwell's Commissioners, but 
outlived the storm, and was restored in 1660." ^ There is 
no evidence whatever for this, and it is almost certainly 
incorrect. John Winter has no place in Walker's list of 
" Suffering Clergy " ; and in the Commonwealth Survey for 
1657, he is named as still Incumbent of Clifton.* He died 
in 1668. The following in the Registers refers doubtless 
to his wife : — 

Mrs Mary Winter was buryed in woolen onely upon the 27th day 

of June 1691. 

Doubtless this is the person who was at Crosthwaite in 
1643 .5 

EowLAND Burrow, M.A., 1668—1707. 

He was the son of Robert Burrow of Beetham, received 
his early education at Sedbergh Grammar School, and 
went thence to St. John's Coll., Cambridge, in 1657, at 
the age of 16 years. ^ He was collated June 7, 1668; 
compounded for his First Fruits in 1669 ; and also held 
Brougham.^ The Registers give the following interesting 
entry : — 

1699 Brabazon, the Son of Alonzo Vere & ye Rt. Honoble Lady 
Kathrine his wife Daughter of the Rt. Honble Wm late Earl of 
Meath (deceased) of Irland was baptized upon the 19th day of May 
1699 at the house of Mr. Rowland Burrows Rector of Brougham and 
Clifton at Emojit Bridge in the parish of Barton. 

1. Vide p. 111. 

2. Al. Ox. 

3. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 415. 

4. Vide p. 1309. 

5. Vide p. 650. 

6. Sedbergh School Register, p. 84. 

7. Vide p. 1248. 



The following notes his burial : — 

1707 Mr. Rowland Borrow Rector of Browhame and Clifton, 
Chaplain to the Earl of Thannet M.A. St. John's College, Cambridge 
was buried in Clifton quire Nov. 26. 1707. 

A house at Eamont is said to bear his initials. His 
nephew, Joshua Burrow, B.A., was Rector of Hutton.^ 

Jeremiah Seed, B.A., 1707 — 1722. 

He was collated Dec. 10, 1707, and was previously at 
Askham.2 He died in 1722. 

The following notice of a Brief is worth recording : — 

1692 October 9th collected in ye parishes of Cliftcm and Brougham 
ten Shillings for the Redemption of Captives taken by the Turkish 
Privateers of Algiers, Sally and Barbary and other places.^ 

1. Vide p. 491. 

2. Vide p. 1222. 

3. Parish Registers. 


Cliburn is a small village about a mile to tlie right of 
the railway station of that name. The Church is dedi- 
cated to St. Cuthbert, and the Registers begin in 1565. 
There are two books in parchment, the first being bound 
in the leaf of an old missal and a legal document, in which 
" Wm. Tallentrye " is a prominent name. The writing is 
good and decipherable, except here and there on a few 
leaves. On the first page is the following : — 

The Register booke of Mariges Christninges and Burialls within 

the pish of Cliborne since the year of our Lord God 1565 untill this 

present year of our Lord Grod 1599. 

It begins with a " Chestening xviij day of August 1565." 
They are mixed up to 1568 and after that separate. 
Burials follow from 1568 and go on to 1573; then mar- 
riages in another hand, 1578. The first volume ends with 

The second volume also is of parchment. The date on 
the top is 1662 burials. These Registers are quite dis- 
appointing and contain little of interest. 

The two County Histories give a fairly complete list of 
Incumbents, the following being sufficient for our pur- 
pose : — 

Christopher Witton, 1577 — 1587. 

He resigned in the latter year, say Nicolson and Burn, 
with a view to collation to Scaleby.^ Previous to this it 
appears that he was at Crosby Ravens worth for a few 

William Meye, M.A., 1587—1625. 

He was collated by Bishop Meye to whom he was pro- 
bably related, Foster says that he was B.A. from 
Catherine Hall, Cambridge, 1585-6, M.A. Oxford, 23 
March, 1586-7.2 The following interesting item appears 
in the Registers : — 

1. Vide p. 290. 

2. Al. Ox. 

Clibum 1 243 

" On tlie earnest mociou of Mr, mei or [our] pson" the 
wages of the Parish Clerk were increased " the 22d Maie 

Jefferson says that he was a Prebendary of the Second 
Stall in 1596, succeeding his brother, John Meye, LL.B., 
to that office.^ 

EiCHARD Fleming, M.A., 1625—1639. 

He is mentioned in connection with Great Orton ^ and 
his burial entiy is thus given in the Cliburn Registers : — 
Buryed Mr. Richard Fleming pson the xiij of June 1639. 

Timothy Tullie, M.A., 1639—1656. 

The Episcopal Register gives the date of his Institution 
as June 16, 1639. In the Westmorland Certificate for 
1646 he is described as " Minister of Cliburne a non 
Covenantr and disaffected, but hath taken ye oathe of ye 
5th of Aprill."^ He considerably modified his position 
judging from his after career. In 1656 he was appointed 
to St. Mary's, Carlisle. 

John Ardrey, 1657 — 1673. 

He was here according to the Survey for 1657 in that 
year, and Nicolson and Burn say that he ceded in 1673. 
In this case the ministry appears to have been continuous 
through the changes of the Restoration. A person of this 
name was at Kirkland and Great Musgrave. ^ 

John Fenwick, M.A., 1673—1687. 

" William" is the name given by Nicolson and Burn, by 
the Editor of Nicolson's Diaries and by Foster. He was 
collated on the resignation of John Ardrey by Bishop 
Rainbow on Oct. 9, 1673. Foster has the following 
respecting him: — "Fenwick William, M.A., Edinburgh 
University 1671, incorporated from Christ's Coll. Cam- 
bridge, and incorporated at Oxford 14 July 1674; one of 
these names vicar of Shilbottle, Northumberland, about 
1671-6, rector of Cliburn, Westmorland, vicar of Lesbury, 

1. Hist, of Carlisle, p. 262. 

2. Vide pp. 229, 1161. 

3. Vide pp. Ill, 157. 

4. Vide pp. 398, 1118. 

1244 The Ejected of 1662 

Northumberland, 1673." The Registers give the follow- 
ing : — " John ffenwicke eler legally instituted and in- 
ducted Oct. 9, 1673, and next Lord's Day being the 12th;" 
they state that he read the usual Declaration &c. John 
Fenwick compounded for his First Fruits in 1674. His 
burial entry is thus given : — 

Buried John ffenwick Rect. of Clibum July the first 1687. 

It will be noted that the name here is " John," and not 
"William," and it needs to be said that all through the 
Registers that is the name used. How the discrepancy 
has occurred it is not easy to say. Foster's Cliburn dates 
also must be at fault. 

The following from the same source during Fenwick's 
Ministry is worth noting : — 
Aprill the 21 1679. 

Memorandu that it is agreed upon by the comon consent and by the 
appointment of us the minister Church wardens this psent yeare and 
likewise by the Major part of the twelve men concerned in the 
business that our Minister's Servant should have a convenient Seate 
and roome in that Seate next to the north church doore 

And that John Cowper shall have a roome and place in that Seate 
which is just before the pulpit and that John Coup wife should have 
a Seate & place in that Seate which is next to the South Dore. 

Witnesse our hands Joh. ffenwicke Ministr. William Cowp Jo. 
Bolton Willm Warton Richard More Henry Dalton, Tho. Martin 
Joh. Cowp Tho. Cowp Joh. Dalton Rich Dalton, Senior, Edward 
Workeman Rich Clibbome. 

Bishop Nicolson, under date Nov. 17, 1684, speaks about 
being entertained at Cliburn by Mr. Fenwick when " old 
stories of Sequestrations &c." were related. He died in 

Nathaniel Spooner, M.A., 1687. 

He was of St. John's College, Cambridge, where he 
graduated B.A. in 1682, and M.A, in 1686. He was 
collated by Bishop Smith, July 5, 1687, and remained only 
about a year. He had livings at Stanwix and Kirkland.^ 

1. Vide pp. 197, 398. 



Richard Shepherd, 1688 — 1739. 

He was licensed Curate of Kirkby Thore Dec. 20, 1680, 
and collated to Cliburn on the cession of Spooner Mar. 8, 

The Registers of St. Mary's, Carlisle, give the following 
notice of his marriage : — 

Castlegt Mr. Richard Shephard & Mrs. Stalker married by Mr. 
TuUie the 8 day of Octobr 1685. 

He is one of few men of whom Bishop Nicolson speaks in 
high praise. The following is his testimony : — 

1703, Aug. 20. The Church and Chancel here are both (in proportion 
to the small extent of the parish) very little ; but neatly enough kept. 
This Decency is chiefly owing to the< good care of the present Rector, 
Mr. Shepherd ; who (tho, he nevr had the Advantage of any 
University-Education) is a discreet and worthy Clergyman. I now 
gave him the offer of the Vicarage of Lazonby (of somewhat better 
Value than this Rectory) likely to be shortly vacant, by ye removal of 
Mr. Hume to Aspatrick : but he modestly declin'd the acceptance of 

He was at Rocliffe and Carlisle. 2 He died in 1739. The 
following are the burial entries of his wife and himself : 

1696 Nov. 2 Buryed Mrs. Jane Shepherd ye wife of Mr. Richard 
Shepherd Rector. 

October 13th 1739 The Revd. Mr. Richard Shepherd Rector waa 

1. MisceL, p. 77. 

2. Vide pp. 182, 315. 


This is about two miles from Penrith. The Church is 
dedicated to St. Ninian and is commonly called " Nine- 
kirks." Connected with it is St, Wilfrid's Chapel. 
Nicolson and Burn say : — 

This church and chapel being both much in decay, the Countess of 
Pembroke, in the years 1658 and 1659 pulled them wholly down and 
rebuilt the same, more handsomely and strongly, all at her own cost.' 

As stated in the account of Clifton the older Registers 
have disappeared. The earliest bears date 1681. The 
Transcripts, however, come to our help. They begin in 
1644, a very much earlier date than Transcripts usually 
have. The following is the evidence for the date just 
given : — 

A true and perfect Register booke of Broughsim pish — 

Christenings Wedings and burials since the yeare of our Lord god 

Anno Dom. 1644 unto this present year 1661. 

This is a small book in itself and though in paper is in 
good condition. Is this the missing Register? The 
following is a list of Incumbents : — 

CuTHBERT Bradley, 1583 — 1624. 

He was instituted on a Presentation by the Earl of 
Cumberland. Nicolson and Burn say that he died in 

Christopher Beecroft, 1623/4 — 1629. 

He was instituted, March 14, 1623-4, on a Presentation 
by Francis, Earl of Cumberland, and Henry, Lord Clifford, 
his son and heir apparent. 

William Crackenthorpe, 162^, 

He was instituted, Oct. 15, 1629, on the same Presenta- 

1. Nicolson aaxd Burn, vol. i, p. 391. 

Brougham i 247 

tion, and had previously held the livings of St. Lawrence, 
Appleby, and Bootle.^ 

Aethue Savage, M.A., 1644. 

Nicolson and Burn say that in this year he was dispossessed 
of his living, and " about three years after he got it again 
and kept it till the year 1655, but without receiving any of 
the profits all that time, except one year." ^ Foster gives a 
person of this name as the son of John Savage of "Wootton 
Hall, Salop, equ." who matriculated at St. John's Coll., 
Oxford, 16 March, 1637-8, aged 16 years.^ Whether this 
was the Arthur Savage with whom we are concerned does 
not appear. It would seem from the Survey of 1657 that 
the profits of the Rectory were sequestered from him in 
1649. He subsequently obtained the living at Caldbeck, 
and became also a Prebendary of Carlisle Cathedral.* 

Thomas Robinsox, 1646. 

This is a new name and is given on the authority of the 
Westmorland Certificate for 1646. He is merely referred 
to there as " minister of Browham." ^ 

Simon Webster, 1656. 

This again is a new name. He is mentioned in the 
Survey of 1657, and the Transcripts also give the follow- 

1657 Robert Webster sonne of Mr. Simond bap ye 27th of October. 
1659-60 Ane Webster daughter of Mr Simond bap the 2 of March. 

Everything points to the fact that Simon Webster was 
compelled to resign the Brougham living; and the Epis- 
copal Register at Carlisle gives the form of his submission 
as precisely similar to that used for John Rogers of 
Croglin, and Samuel Grastie. It would appear that he 
immediately conformed to the requirements of the new 
times, for he received Institution to Penrith and 

1. Vide pp. 859, 1129. 

2. Nicolson and Burn, vol. i, p. 392. 

3. Al. Ox. 

4. Vide pp. 177, 553. 

5. Vide p. 111. 


The Ejected of 1662 

Dufton in 1661, holding the two livings in Plurality for 
a short time.^ 

Arthur Savage, M.A,, 1660 — 1664. 

Nicolson and Burn seem to confuse matters here. They 
refer to " one Anthony Savage M.A." as resigning in 
1664 ; but this of course would be Arthur Savage, returned 
to his living at the Restoration, whence he had been 
sequestered. He signs the Transcripts at the bottom of 
the page for the year 1660-1, and resigned for the living 
at Caldbeck about 1664. ^ 

Samuel Grastie, M.A., 1664. 

He was instituted, Sept. 8, 1664, on a Presentation by 
Anne, Countess of Pembroke, the living being vacant "by 
the free and spontaneous resignation of Arthur Savage." 
He compounded for his Eirst Fruits in this year; and 
signs the Transcripts as Rector in 1678. In the Diary of 
the Countess of Pembroke we have the following refer- 
ences to him : — 

1676 February 23rd To day there dined with my folks in the painted 

room Mr. Samuel Grasty, our parson, and afterwards he said Common 

prayers & read a chapter and sung a psalm as usual on Wednesdays 

to me and my family. 

Afterwards I paid Mr. Samuel Grasty his twesnty shillings for 

saying prayers to me and my family for a month last past and then 

they all went away. 3 

Samuel Grastie had been previously at Bridekirk.* 

Rowland Burrow, M.A., 1680 — 1707. 

He was instituted March 16, 1680, on a Presentation 
by the Earl of Thanet. He held this living with Clifton. 5 

John Atkinson, M.A., 1708. 

He was instituted April 14, 1708, on the same Presen- 
tation. Foster says that he was the son of John Atkinson 
of Appleby, was educated at Queen's College, where he 

1. Vide pp. 432, 1155. 

2. Vide p. 1247. 

3. Diary of a Westmorland Lady, by W. Jackson, F.S.A. 

4. Vide p. 717. 

5. Vide p. 1240. 

Brougham i 249 

matric. March 2, 1687-8, at tlie age of 18 years, graduated 
B.A. in 1693, and M.A. in 1696. He was Vicar of Kirkby 
Stephen in 1700, and became a Prebendary of Carlisle 
in 1702. A person of this name was at Cumrew in 1695. ^ 

Caeleton Atkinson, M.A., 1711 — 1722. 

He signs the Transcripts regularly as Curate from 1711. 
Foster says that he also was the son of John Atkinson of 
Appleby, was educated at Queen's Coll., where he matricu- 
lated Oct. 27, 1703, aged 16, graduated B.A. March 12, 
1707-8, and M.A. in 1710, becoming Hector of Kirkby 
Thore in 1722. 2 

The following Presentments appear in the Transcripts : 

We psent Mr. Thomas Birkbeck Mrs Elinor Birkbeck Tho. Allason, 
William Colston & Eliz. his wife Edmund Lecock, Edmond Sutton & 
Jane his wife John Nelson & Bridget his wife for refusing to come 
to Divine Service. 

John Nelson & Bridget his wife Edmond Sutton & Jane his wife 
William Colston & Eliz. his wife & Thomas AUasoai were presented 
the next year for the same reason and Thomas Waller Willia. Spedding 
& Jeffrey Blamire for refusing to pay towards the Repair of the 

In 1668 we get the first list again. 


We have nothing to present in our parish but onely some papists 
ajid Quakers who have been formerly and frequently presented. Their 
names are here underwritten : 

Mrs Margaret Berkbeck 

Mrs Elinor Berbeck . 

Mrs I. Katherick ^ ^^^^^ ^ 

Mr. Richard Berbeck. 

Edmond Sutton & Jane his wife \ 

William Lycott & Jane his wife \. quakers. 

Hugh Wise. I 

These are presented year after year. 

1. Al. Ox. ; vide also pp. 269, 1090. 

2. Al. Ox. 



In a previous Chapter it was pointed out that the two 
events, which gave character and permanence to English 
Nonconformity were the Uniformity Act of 1662 and the 
Indulgence Declaration of 1672. The first was an Act 
of exclusion. It sent adrift a countless host of Ministers 
and people from the Church, in which they had been 
accustomed to worship, and from which many of them 
were most unwilling to separate. The second gave some 
sort of oflScial and national recognition to these outed 
people, beside making provision for them. The provision 
was quite temporary it is true; but the fact that any 
attempt at all was made in the direction of meeting 
these " tender consciences " out in the religious wilder- 
ness, gave lasting significance and permanence to the 
Nonconformist movement. In every County in England 
the results appeared in the establishment of Noncon- 
formist congregations, that ceased to have any thought 
of a return to the Church from which they had been 
exiled. In the area with which we are concerned the 
results were less numerous and striking than in many 
other parts of the country. Nonconformity has never 
been strong in these two Counties — that is Nonconformity 
of the older type, exclusive of its modern developments as 
represented by the various branches of Methodism, and 
leaving out of account also the Quaker movement, some 
notice of which has already been given. In Cumberland 
there are fourteen only of these old foundations, which 
date from the 17th or the early 18th Century, two of 
which have ceased to exist; and in Westmorland only 


The Ejected of 1662 

four, one of which became extinct long years ago. How 
is this fact to be accounted for ? For in this, as in several 
other respects, this area will be found to stand in clear 
contrast to many others. Almost everywhere else the 
number of Nonconformist causes which can be directly, 
or indirectly, traced to the heroisms of the 17th Century 
is quite respectable, while in these two Counties it is out 
of proportion to their population and size. The answer 
must be sought in several directions. 

(1) In the first place an unsually large number of men 
conformed at the time of the Restoration; and in every 
case a conforming Minister would have a serious influence 
upon the people to whom he ministered. The few places 
where Nonconformity asserted itself and obtained per- 
manent foothold, were not those in which conforming 
Clergymen had laboured; but just the opposite. There 
were cases where these conforming Ministers were troubled 
by nonconforming people in their Parishes, but these 
troublers of the religious peace of the Parish were com- 
paratively few, and as time went on the volume of their 
protest was diminished. Generally it was a case of " like 
priest like people." With reference to these conforming 
Ministers, there is a further fact which is worth noting. 
Not a few of them, whose previous associations had been 
with Presbyterianism, made their Conformity synchronize 
with their removal to a new sphere. Samuel Grastie, for 
example, is given by Calamy as a Nonconformist in 
Cheshire : he appears at the Restoration as a Conformist 
in Cumberland. George Yates of Ainstable conformed 
and removed to Croglin; George Tibbold of Skelton did 
the same and removed to Asby; similarly Timothy Tullie 
of Carlisle, who transferred his labours to Durham; 
and George Fothergill is given as a Nonconformist 
at Orton in Westmorland, whilst he was an undoubted 
Conformist in Nottinghamshire, whither he removed 
shortly after the Uniformity Act came into force. The 
list could be enlarged and the cases are too numerous to 
be explained by mere accident. It would appear that 

Cumbrian Worthies 1253 

either tlie men themselves felt that it would be better to 
begin their new career in a new place, or that the people 
gave some indication of lack of respect for mere oppor- 

(2) Many of the Ejected Ministers left the district. 
Richard Gilpin went to Scaleby and afterwards to New- 
castle; George Benson fled for safety to Kendal and after- 
wards to Kellet, paying only occasional visits to the scene 
of his former labours ; John Davis went into Northumber- 
land, though he hung a little on the Cumbrian border 
about Alston ; Comfort Starr went away south into Kent ; 
Roger Baldwin into Lancashire ; James Cave became 
Pastor of a Church at Daventry in Northamptonshire ; 
John Rogers removed to Durham ; and a number of others 
quite pass out of sight after 1662. In this immense with- 
drawal from this area of the really strong men, the men 
who could have given power to Nonconformity, we may 
find an explanation of the weakness of its Nonconformity. 

(3) Many of the men were quite obscure. We know 
absolutely nothing about them. Evidently even Calamy 
did not, or he would not have been so silent in relation to 
them. It is no reflection upon them to say these things. 
Doubtless they were faithful in their way and served well 
the people tq whom they ministered ; but their personalities 
were not such as were likely to leave a deep impression 
upon their age. Upon the shoulders of very few, there- 
fore, the burden rested ; and in the centres in which these 
men lived and laboured, Nonconformity established itself 
and still remains. Such men were George Larkham of 
Cockermouth ; George Nicholson and Simon Atkinson of 
Kirkoswald and neighbourhood; and Anthony Sleigh of 
Penruddock. The Presentment Lists, The Conventicle 
Returns, The License Lists which appear elsewhere, have 
a striking story to tell in justification of this point. They 
show, as clearly as anything can, that, in the degree in 
which men remained and faced the storm, they had their 
reward in " works " which abide even " until this day." 


The Ejected of 1662 

It is not intended in this work to sketch, even in briefest 
fashion, the history of these old foundations. That is 
quite sufficient for a work in itself. The idea is merely 
to indicate their origin, as far as that may be; showing 
which are directly traceable to the influence of the 
Ejected Ministers, and which are traditionally and 
indirectly so; also to carry each cause on through the 
earlier stages until the history becomes continuous and 



The Churcli here was founded on Oct. 2, 1651, eleven 
years anterior to the Act of Uniformity. It is attributed 
to the influence of Thomas Larkham, Pastor of Tavistock, 
Devon, whose son, George, was one of the first seven 
" foundation stones." What brought Thomas Larkham 
into these parts is not known, unless it was his duties as 
military chaplain. He was at Carlisle in 1651, and Dr. 
Todd refers to the advent to these parts of Polewheele, 
Larkham, Madder and others from the West,^ " New 
Lights," sent to illuminate these benighted northern 
regions. George Larkham was both Incumbent of the 
Parish Church at Cockermouth and Pastor of this gathered 
Church, whose membership was made up of people from 
all the surrounding districts. He had as helper George 
Benson, the Bridekirk Incumbent, who filled the office of 
Teaching Elder. After his Ejection, with the exception 
of a few years, George Larkham continued to reside in 
the district and minister to the people as opportunity 
permitted. A grant of £10 was made from the Presby- 
terian Fund on Nov. 17, 1690, to " Mr. George Larkh. on 
condition hee keep up ye Lecture att Cockerm " ; and the 
same amount was voted from the Congregational Fund 
[Board on April 13, 1696. George Larkham held the 
Pastorate until his death, in 1700, being succeeded the 
[following year by John Atkinson from Crook, near Kendal. 
[The Minutes of the Congregational Fund Board, under 
April 7, 1701, have the following : — 

Ordered that the Church at Cockermouth when they are provided 
with an approved Pastor bee allowed £5. 0. 0. 

1. Vide p. 375. 


The Ejected of 1662 

Atkinson died in 1732, and after a brief Pastorate by- 
Thomas Walker, Thomas Jollie settled in 1737, and 
retained the charge until his death in 1764. The history 
of the Church need not be continued further, and it is 
brought to this point to note an interesting experience. 
The Church was divided in the choice of a successor, the 
Arian trouble being the cause. Elsewhere it is stated 
that this area differs from Lancashire in its comparative 
immunity from that movement, but this appears to have 
been the time of real " peril." Thomas Lowthion was 
" called " by a majority, and a secession took place in 
1765, Selby Ord being appointed Minister to the seces- 
sionists. It would seem that the sympathieir of the 
Ministers, who formed the Cumberland Provincial, went 
with Lowthion, and they refused to ordain Ord, with the 
result that the managers of the Congregational Fund 
Board took action. The following extracts from the 
Minutes give the interesting story : — 

June 8. 1767. 

The Congregational Fund being concerned by their 

Exhibitions to encourage what they apprehend to be a 

Gospel Ministry and to support the undoubted Privilege 

of Christian Communities to choose a Minister by the 

Mr. Potts of Approbation of a Majority among them, and it appear- 

Brampton ing to them that several Ministers in Cumberland who 

Deane of receive the Benefit of their Exhibitions have refused to 

Huddeskew ordain a Minister at Cockermouth though chosen by a 

Sanders Majority^ of the Congregation at that place, of unexcep- 

Blenerhasset tionable Character and of Sentiments agreeable to the 

Thompson Fund — The Board have resolved to dismiss the Ministers 

Workington who have thus refused (whose names are in the Margin) 

Bigger from their further Regard till they shall think fit to 

Keswick alter their Conduct in a Point that so evidently Con- 

MoncrieiJ cerns what the Fund conceives to be Evangelical 

Penruddock Sentiments and that is so deeply interesting to the 

Rights and Liberties of Protestant Dissenters. 

1. This, of course, has no reference to the other Congregation. It 
merely means that Selby Ord was the choice of a majority of the 
Congregation where he ministered. 

Interesting Tradition 1257 

Oct. 5. 1767. 

Letters from Messrs Saunders, Thomson, Biggar, Deajie and Potts 
dated Penreth 19th Aug. 1767 were now read but their Defence was 
not Satesfactory to the Board. 
June 4. 1768. 

Agreed that the Ministers in Cumberland who were under the 
Censure of this Board for refusing to joyne in the Ordination of Mr. 
Ord at Cockermouth, upon their humble Petition be restored, at the 
same time that they be inform'd if they offend in a Case of the like 
Nature, they must expect to forfeit any future Exhibition from this 

The Church has had a continuous history up to the 
present time; and its Congregational character, stamped 
upon it at the beginning, has been preserved throughout. 

In Somerset House are Registers— Births and Baptisms 
from 1737 to 1835. 

2. Beoughton. 

About three miles west of Cockermouth, on the northern 
side of the Derwent, and about a mile from Brigham, is 
the Broughton Nonconformist Church. Tradition attri- 
butes its foundation to the preaching of an officer in 
•Cromwell's army about 1648, when Cockermouth Castle 
was being besieged.^ "What measure of truth there may 
be in the tradition we do not know; but there is evidence 
that the Church was in existence in October, 1650,^ twelve 
months before the date given for the founding of the 
Church at Cockermouth. Already, too, it had its owb 
peculiar stamp, some of its leaders having an objection 
to swearing in a court of law; and early it gave evidence 
of differing on Baptism from the sister Church on the 
other side of the Derwent. It is, however^ clear that, 
whether they were divided or not at the time of their 
origin, by 1651, when the Cockermouth Church was 
founded, the two were one. Three months after this date 
we read : — 

The Twenty eigth day of January (or rather of the 11th month) 
1651, The Church [Cockermouth] thinking of branching (or rather of 
swarming) foorth into two Congregacons, one of the one Side of ye 

1. Hist, of the Northern Baptist Churches, by Douglas, p. 4. 

2. Vide p. 621. 


The Ejected of 1662 

water of Derwen, and the other of the other Side, They thought it 
meet to make choice of another Deacon, who might be ordained 
together with the forenamed Chosen officers. Accordingly John Bow- 
man of Broughton was unanimously elected, i 

The two divisions of the one Church appear to have acted 
more or less together for several years. Early in 1654 
the Church at Broughton began to be " generally shaken^ 
most of them inclining to Quakisme." John Wilkinson, 
the Incumbent of Brigham, was their Minister at the 
time, and the Cockermouth Church Book under June^ 
1655, notes his defection to Quakerism along with the 
greater part of his people. After this the Broughton 
Church disappears from the Cockermouth Church Book, 
and " Brother Bowman " and his wife are among the 
members " lleiected and apostatized," though they seem 
also to have been "Transferred" to Broughton. Evidently 
the Church was early reclaimed from the Quaker defec- 
tion, but John Wilkinson went off and became one of 
George Fox's ablest co-workers. The Presentment Lists 
contain the names of many "Anabaptists &c." for this 
district. 2 In 1655 John Ward is named as Elder, having 
charge of the Church at Broughton, where he laboured for 
a period of 62 years, the next known Minister being Mr, 
Ware who was here in 1713. ^ 


This name is intended to apply to the district. In the 
Cockermouth Church Book, the Church is always referred 
to as the Church " in and about Kirkoswald." There 
must, therefore, be included under it Huddlesceugh, 
Parkhead and Melmerby or Mellerby. It appears that 
the last named place was the first centre ; at least, it was 
the place where the Church was first gathered, the date 
being Sept. 7, 1653. As in the case of Cockermouth, 
seven persons are named as founders : — " William Hop- 
kins, Minister of Mellerby ; Simon Atkinson, minister of 

1. MS. Min. Bk. Cock Oh. 

2. Vide pp., 1354—1358. 

3. Hist, of the Broughton Baptist Chapel, by J. Mandale Lister, p. 10 

Richard Wilson 1259 

Lazonby; M. Singleton; Jolin Maughan of Mellerby; 
John Harrison of Parkhead; Thomas Harrison; George 
Green of Mellerby." ^ The following November the Cocker- 
mouth Church appointed Bros. Benson, Blethwaite and 
Bolton to " go to ye Chu. gathered in & abt. Kerkoswald " 
to be its representatives at " ye ordinacon of their 
Pastour." This would be John Davis who also preached 
at Renwick. Nowhere in the County were stronger 
influences working for Nonconformity than here. The 
district furnished, at least, five Ejected Ministers 
beside John Davis; viz. Simon Atkinson from Lazonby, 
William Hopkins from Melmerby, Daniel Broadley from 
Addingham, John E-ogers from Croglin and George 
Nicholson from Kirkoswald. This was the Church of 
which Richard Wilson of Crosfield was Elder, whose 
daughter, " the Virgin Saint," has been repeatedly men- 
tioned. The License and Presentment Lists together 
with the Conventicle Returns tell their own story in 
relation to this district.^ During the period of religious 
repression the Kirkoswald Church suffered greatly. In 
this respect it contrasts strongly with the Cockermouth 
Church, whose meetings were kept up almost continuously, 
thus illustrating the point frequently emphasized, that 
local feeling counted for much in the administration of 
the law. George Nicholson was probably the immediate 
successor of John Davis.^ He died in August, 1697, and, 
on June 4th preceding, the Minutes of the Congregational 
Eund Board have the following : — 

Ordered that Mr. Nicholson of Cumberland be allowed £6. 

The Minutes supply this further information : — 

July 4. 1698. Ordered that the Consideration of the case of Mr. 
Threlkeld of Hudleshugh in Cumberland be deferred untill Mr. 
Nesbitt be present & shall then be considered. 

1. Cc.ngregational Magazine for 1822, p. 387. This is taken from a 
MS. presented to Caleb Threlkeld by Mrs. Rebecca Nicholson, relict of 
George Nicholson, late pastor of the Church at Huddlesceugh. This 
MS. appears to be lost. 

2. Vide pp. 1338, 1367. 

3. Vide pp. 334, 337. 


The Ejected of 1662 

March 20. 1698/9. Ordered that Mr. Tho. Threlkelde in Cumber- 
land be allowed for this next year £6. 

Aprill 22. 1700. Ordered &c. Mr. Threscall be allowed £6. 

It will be noticed that " Thomas " is the name given, and 
whether that is a mistake does not appear. Caleb Threl- 
keld, M.A., M.D., says that he was ordained here July 4, 
1700; and in the Kirkoswald Registers we have under 
"Baptismes": — 

1700 John, son of Mr. Caleb Threlkeld May the first. 

Several other children follow. He removed about 1712. 
The Will of Thomas Threlkeld of the Slack, dated Sept. 5, 
1720, directs that he shall be " buryed in the burying 
place of my ancestors in Kerkoswald Churchyard," and 
mentions among others " my son Caleb." i The Church 
has a continuous history and is represented by the Park- 
head Congregational Church. 
The Registers in Somerset House are : — 

Baptisms, 1700—1804. 
Burials, 1762—1802. 
Baptisms, 1806—1836. 

4. Penruddock. 

This place is in the Parish of Greystoke, and the Non- 
conformist cause here is undoubtedly the product of 
Gilpin's labour. After his Ejection and removal from 
that place, the people in sympathy with his teaching were 
assembled under the ministry of Anthony Sleigh, M.A. 
He was a native, his baptismal- entry in the Greystoke 
Registers being as follows : — 

September 1634 3d daye Baptized Anthonye the Sonne of Anthonye 
Slee of penruddock. 

Some part of his training was received at a private 
Academy in Durham, and proceeding thence to Edinburgh 
University he was laureated M.A. July 19, 1660. Calamy 
says that " he preach'd occasionally in the Publick 
Churches of Cumberland and "Westmorland till '62. and 
then was a Nonconformist, and Silenc'd, tho' he could not 

1. The Threlkelds of Melmerby, by W. Jackson (Trans. (O.S.), vol. x). 

John Noble 1261 

be said to be Ejected." ^ Thos. Gibbon in his letter to 
Walker quite misreads Calamy, and states that Anthony 
Sleigh was Dr. Gilpin's servant. ^ 

One of the pillars of the Penruddock Church was John 
Noble, who died in 1708. Appended is an account of his 
Funeral Sermon, because of the interesting material 
supplied in the Postcript in reference to religious matters, 
during this period in the district. 



Preach'd at the Funeral 


Mr. John Noble 


Penruddock, Near Penrith in 

Cumberland, March 14. 1707/8 

by Samuel Audland 

To which is added a Postscript 

Concerning the Deceased, by another 


London : Printed for John 

Clark at the Bible and 

Crown in the Old Change 


The Text is Acts xiii, 36, 37, and a copy is in the British 
Museum. In the Jackson Library is another copy, and 
its front page states that it was by the " Rev. John 
Atkinson of Stainton in Westmorland." That this is an 
error admits of no doubt ; and it would be curious to know 
how it has arisen. In 1820 " a pious individual, de- 
scended from Mr. Noble, was induced to reprint a few 
copies of this discourse for the use of some remaining 
branches of the family,"^ and the printing, style and 
type of the page in question together with the paper 
belong to that date. I am inclined to think that the 
reissue of 1820 was by some mistake sent forth with this 
title page, though in the " review " the Sermon is dis- 
tinctly attributed to S. Audland; and that one of these 

1. Calamy, vol. ii, p. 161. 

2. Vide p. 370. 

3. Evangelical Magazine for 1821, p. 71. 


The Ejected of 1662 

title pages lias become attached to the Carlisle copy, which 
itj an original. The Sermon proper contains little refer- 
ence to John Noble. Near the end the preacher says that 
the deceased was better known to the congregation than 
to himself. " His Days," says he, " were driven into 
narrow Compass, and his Strength was become only 
Labour and Sorrow, when my Acquaintance with him 
commenc'd." He states that he " made it his Business to 
plant Religion in his Family," and adds: — 

I believe this Neighbourhood would not have been this Day pos- 
sess'd of their Estates, if a great deal had not been owing to his 
Faithfulness, and Diligence in asserting the Rights of the Poor, the 
Fatherless, and the Widow, in a Controversie, which lasted, as I am 
infomi'd near Threescore and Ten Years. 

It is stated that he was " very industrious among the 
Sick " ; that at the time of his death he had " fill'd up his 
Eightieth Year, yet did not outlive his Religious Impres- 
sions " ; and that " in his Younger Days his Piety and 
Knowledge were so remarkable, that Dr. Gilpin thought 
he might very well sustain the Character of a Deacon, 
which accordingly he bore to his dying Day." What, 
however, the Sermon lacks the Postscript by " another 
Hand for the use of Posterity," abundantly supplies. It 
is to be regretted that the writer has not disclosed his 
identity. It is, however, highly probable that it was 
John Atkinson ; and it may be this fact that has led to 
the confusion of his name with that of Samuel Audland 
in the Carlisle copy. We are, however, not yet at the 
end of our difficulty. There were two John Atkinsons in 
the ministry at this time. One was at Cockermouth, who 
had removed to that place from Crook, near Kendal, in 
1701 ; and the other at Stainton, five miles from Kendal, 
in another direction. One of these was almost certainly 
the John Atkinson, who had previously been Schoolmaster 
at Motherby, Penruddock, and who appears in the list of 
persons presented at Greystoke for Nonconformity, as early 
as 1675 and as late as 1685.^ His residence and position 
there would give him full opportunity to command the 

1. Vide pp. 477, 1343—1345. 

John Noble 126 


precise knowledge he has embodied in the Postscript, and 
I am inclined to think this was the Stainton Atkinson. 
It will be noticed that he writes throughout as one who 
lived at a distance. The following are the important 
passages : — 

John Noble Lived in Graistock Parish, in Cumberland, Born of 
laudable Parents in a Neighbour Village, about 1627 or 1628, of whom 
he inherited two Estates in the Mannor of Hutton John, in that 
Parish, which now descends to his Sons. His Youth fell in with 
those Times of dismal Confusion by our Civil War. In such publick 
Disorders contending Parties are wont to take Advantage to serve 
their private Interests and thence it might be that we heard of his 
early suffering Imprisonment, and Pursuit by Soldiers, who when 
they had him, would not hurt him ; and God provided one to avert 
the Blow when Sir Ti. F. attempted to Kill him with a Battle Ax. 
He was very far from loving Strife and Law-Suits, yet being a Tenant 
in the Mannor aforesaid where there was a long Struggle with the 
Successive Lords about Fines and Customs, he was obliged to share 
in that Trouble and Cost : It was begun in his Infancy, for I find an 
Award in that Cause by Mr. Baron Trevor, in the Exchequer June 
27. 1635. That fatal Suit was long and burthensome, it cost him many 
Journeys to the Term to the great prejudice of his Family, and private 
Affairs ; but there are many Living Witnesses of his self-denying 
Fidelity therein. He never regretted any Pains to serve the Publick 
in a just Cause, and 'tis known that this has oft been judged such in 
Westminster- Hall and in County Assizes. It was of late Years that 
the Master of the Rolls Decreed for the Tenants, the lat« Lord Keeper 
oonferm'd that Decree, and when an Appeal was made, the House of 
Peers Affirm'd the same the 20th of January 1704. That Controversie 
is abridg'd in a Paper called The Eesporrdents Case then deliver'd to 
every Peer in the House, so that J.N. did outlive that heavy Quarrel 
three Years of which I'll say no more but this, that during the Suit, 
the Tenants oft appeal'd to Supream Justice, by Solemn Prayer. To 
dismiss all Law at once, there happen'd in his Time another Suit, 
about a Sort of Tithe, which the Mannor aforesaid pays to the Parson 
of Graistock, call'd Bushel-Corn ; Collected by a Measure which it 
seems anciently contain'd only 16 Gallons, but by a Certain Art had 
been enlarged to contain far above 20 ; the Tenants refusing to pay 
by that oppressive Bushel had no Relief, but in the Law ; and there 
was so full and clear Witness of the Encroachment, that the Form 
of Law could Cover it, wherefore it was rectified to the Common 
Ease; and J.N. had no cause to repent his Share in that Fatigue. In 
all these Troubles of his Life, he had no small Help by a prudent 
and vertuous wife of his Youth ; a Person Beloved for her Piety, 
Modesty, Industry and various Usefulness in her Generation ; whom 


The Ejected of 1662 

God spared to him above 40 Years, and by her gave him 10 or 11 
Children, of whom the greater part yet remain, and 4 Famihes of them 
took Root in that Neighbourhood, each of them Blessed with hopeful 
Posterity. This Couple being of one Heart, did the more chearfully 
bear the Cares and Burdens, as Yoke-fellows indeed, and the House 
became noted for Exercises of Religion, for Hospitality, and other 
good Offices : When God broke that Root and left him Alone. In- 
firmities of Age soon prevailed on him so that he quickly ceas'd his 
House-Keeping, but continued Dwelling in his own House, with his 
youngest Daughter, who was Married to a worthy Son of another 
Religious Family in that Country. This Young Couple, by their 
unwearied Duty to him were the Staff of his Age, and had the 
Comfort to see him finish the Work of his Generation. The chief 
Thing I wou'd record of him, is his Concern about Religion, in 
himself, and the Parish, and in Posterity. The World knows, that 
about 1640, a Considerable part of this Nation apprehended, not only 
their Civil Rights and Liberties were Invaded but that the Reforma- 
tion it self was in Danger by Lawless Men. In that Juncture Counsels 
were taken in Parliament to oppose that evil Design ; and in the Year 
1643, the Parliament advis'd with an Assembly of Divines, of the 
Establish'd Church, how to advance the Work of Reformation in 
England, nearer to Scripture Rule, in Worship and Discipline, and 
more conformably to the Reformed Churches abroad. The Puritans 
in the Church had all along desir'd and petition'd for this, and the 
Counsels began to operate at Graistock, about the Year, 1649, where 
the then Powers, laid aside Mr. Moreland the Incumbent, for what 
Cause or Pretext, I know not. In his room certain Commissioners 
put others to supply the Parish, when J.N. was a little turn'd 20 
Years old. In the Year, IBoO, Mr. West was sent a zealous Preacher, 
and one mighty in Prayer, but Sickly, and he soon Died of a con- 
sumption. Such Men's Doctrine being exemplified in their own Lives, 
was very effectual on many in that Parish, and particularly en J.N. 
which receiv'd lively convictions of Divine Truth, and of the World 
to come and so began earnestly to enquire about the Life and Power 
of Godliness. Mr. West resting from his Labours, Mr. Richard 
Gilpin of Scaleby- Castle, in that County, was introduced to Graistock ; 
a Gentleman, and a Christian indeed ; one of singular Gravity, Temper, 
Learning, and all valuable Furniture for a Minister ; of a good Family 
too, and a fair Estate, a Witness and an Honour to the good Cause 
of a further Reformation. Of what Esteem he was then in the 
Churches^ and that deservedly, one might judge by this, That in the 
Year, 1658, the Associated Ministers of all that County, oblig'd him 
to Preach to them at Keswick, and then to Print his weighty Sermon 
on Zech. 6. 13. The Temple liebuilt, in which the present Generation 
might yet learn Things of Peace ; and till we do so who can ever 
expect to see the Temple Rebuilt? The Ministers then manag'd the 

John Noble 1265 

Church Affairs with much Harmony, Meekness and Brotherly Love ; 
and apparently with the more Success. All lamented a sad decay of 
true Religion, and most agreed that one cause thereof was want of Godly 
Discipline in the Church ; Diversity of Opinions in some smaller 
Things hinder'd them not to essay the restoration of it; and in the 
Essentials thereof Men of Piety and Peace did easily agree, as appears 
by their Account Printed in 1656 from which the Associating Ministers 
in Essex &c. thought fit to copy some Sentiments of the united 
Counties of Cumberland and Westmorland (according to which I 
presume Dr. Gilpin practised) are thus expressed [Quotation omitted]. 
Graistock Parish was large, and had a fair Glebe, and liberal 
Revenue. It had four Chappels, the nearest three Miles distant from 
the Church ; Mr. Gilpin provided worthy Preaching Ministers for 
those, and allow'd generously for their Support; himself residing at 
Graistock where he had a Society of Communicants, prepar'd by the 
foregoing Efficacy of the Word on their Minds and Hearts and 
manifested in a new Life; an'd to deserve this, each Person in order 
to admission, past under some proper Examination. For the better 
ordering of particular Societies, the Ministers generally desir'd such 
as the Apostle seems to call Helps & Governmeiits, 1 Cor. 12.28. 
Foreign Churches and the two Assemblies at Westminster and the 
Savoy, agree therein, and call'd them Ruling-Elders, that is, some of 
the most Judicious, Pious & Prudent exemplary Persons noted in the 
Church, and Chosen by the Brethren, to help the Ministers in inspect- 
ing the Manners of all &c. Whether Mr. Gilpin had such, called by 
that Name, I find not; but several Deacons he had, and in 1656 J.N. 
was judged worthy to bear that Character, according to the Holy 
Rule in that Case 1 Tim. 3.8, &c. So remarkable was his growth in 
Religion and Esteem in the Church. Family Worship had been so 
rare as to make it now a Wonder in a Neighbourhood ; this Young 
Man and such bthers set up the Exercises of Religion in their Families, 
by Prayer, Praises, and Reading the Scriptures, Morning and Evening ; 
and Teaching all their Houshclds. J.N. also in his Village promoted 
a Weekly Meeting of Serious Christians to repeat Sei-mons, Pray, and 
Confer thereon. In the aforesaid Spring Time of Religion, we might 
expect some Artifices of Satan to stop its progress ; one of which was 
a strange Spirit working in the People called Quakers ; the Name was 
fitted well enough to the Persons, and sometimes their own Writers 
affect and glory in it, while others were reviving old Scriptural 
Religion, these People avow themselves to be wholly New ; such 
indeed were their Doctrines and Way ; tho' not unparallel'd in 
Antiquity. They went forth in a most avowed Contempt of, and 
opposition to Scripture Rule, as well as to written Revelation and the 
Ministry; nor like humble sober minded Men, that wou'd convince 
any Body but Foaming and Reviling, and Trampling on all Order. 
They do not now so commonly act these Extravagances ; but have they 

1266 The Ejected of 1662 

ever repented the iniquity of their Fathers ? Would to God, that they 
who have now fomi'd this odd Party into some Shape, would besir an 
honest open Testimony against the horrid Blasphemies and scajidalous 
Disorders of their first Leaders, and of many later Quakers. This 
impetuous wild Spirit soon troubled the Parish of Graistock, insulting 
the Church and its Ministry, as usually it did elsewhere and even to 
this Day in some Places. It was then attended with a preternatural 
Power like Fascination in many ; It« Operations, Impressions and 
Effects, were totally different from those of the Divine Spirit; and for 
a time the Delusion was strong, and Subverted many. There is yet 
living in that Parish one Henry Winder, who in a Narrative of his 
own Case, relates thus — "The Quakers were so Bold and Resolute that 
he, and others of the Church, were sadly shaken, and left their former 
Communion, and that his Wife was Seduced with him; which the 
pious Minister and People resenting, set a Day apart of Humiliation, 
and came to the Persons Seduced, desiring them to be present, and 
they were so ; and a Day of very great Melting and Tenderness it 
proved; many that were Doubtful were Confemi'd and Satisfied, for 
the Rent was like to be very great, and by such Godly Means H.W. 
and Wife, were after a while recover'd. At the King's Return, 1660, 
Mr. Moreland, the old Incumbent surviving, Mr. Gilpin soon gave way 
to him ; and somewhat Remarkable happen'd at his resuming the 
Pulpit which some Living can tell, but I omit it. After this, some 
offered to put up one Mr. Jackson in the Pulpit ; which the contrary 
Party did so violently oppose, with Threats to crush them into the 
Earth, that Mr. Jackson went with them to the Parsonage- House, and 
Preached there. The King's Declaration from Bredah gave hopes still 
to the lovers of more Reformation, that the good Work should not 
be crush'd, as some would deal by its Abettors ; But I find worthy 
Mr Gilpin no more in his Parish-Church. Yet in that critical Year I 
find him called in September, to Preach at Carlisle before the Judges 
of Assize ; which he did on Psalm 2. 12, with that Freedom and 
Authority as became the Pulpit, and an Embassador of Jesus Christ, 
the Prince of the Kings of the Earth ; urging Magistrates to do 
Homage to the Lord Jesus, and to serve and promote his Righteous 
Kingdom in their Places on pain of his Displeasure. Its known what 
need there was of such Doctrine at that Juncture; what a loose and 
profane Spirit brake out, and was countenanced to pave the way unto 
Popery. The Judges well accepted the Sermon, when some expected 
their Frowns upon the Preacher. And in 1700, the old Doctor Printed 
the Sermon in favour to the noble design of the Reformation of 
Manners, Dedicating it to the Magistrates of New-Castle, where he 
continued his excellent Ministry many years till the Lord of the 
harvest had ripened him, and others by him for his Glory. The Act 
of Uniformity in 1662, having dismiss'd about 2000 such Ministers 
from publick and quiet Opportunities of serving their Generation, 

John Noble 


After a time of Consternation and Confusion, such to whom Non- 
conformity was a matter of Conscience, began to Assemble with the 
ejected Pastors, where they might, and soon were further discouraged 
by other Penal Laws ; The Ministers separated to that Work were 
obliged to take what care they could of their scatter'd Flocks 
adhering to them and craving their Labours : If God commanded to 
speak, they must not at Man's Prohibition forbear, tho' all their 
outward comforts were hazarded, and often lost thereby. Now in 
Doctor Gilpin's Absence he moved the Church to call another. Then 
Mr. Anthony Sleigh, a Native of the same Parish, and bred in th© 
College of Durham was obtained to become their Minister, and so 
continued about Forty Years, induring much Hardship to feed the 
Flock, tho' he had only slender Encouragements there. Their Meeting 
was held mostly in the House of J.N. and sometimes under covert of 
the Night. And now J.N. was call'd to bear new Trials. One Winter 
many of the Ministers, and he with others such, were kept six Weeks 
Prisoners in Carlisle ; the Gaol was throng'd at that time, and there 
was a great deal of Thunder. After this, they were as arbitrarily 
Dismissed as Committed, ajid never knew the Cause; the .Court 
perhaps aiming, by any means, rough or smooth, to bring the Dis- 
senters to beg for a general Toleration. They could not but desire a 
peaceable Liberty, to worship God according 'to their Judgment and 
CcHiscience, yet would J.N. never comply to such Arbitrary ways of 
enervating all Laws, being then design'd in favour of the Papists 
alone ; yet not so Humoursome to continue in Gaol when the Doors- 
were open. He often said to the day of his Death, that in his 
Imprisonment he had much Spiritual Comfort and Satisfaction ; that 
those sharp Times were made the best Dayes to him and were improved 
for Searching his Heart, and examining his past Life, but alter'd not 
his Judgment as to the Cause he had own'd and suffered for. In 1672 
The Court openly took a liberty without Law, to allow the Dissenters- 
Meeting-Houses, by which the quiet People went on more free and 
easie in their Duty; their Rule of Conscience was steady, however the 
Wind shifted at Court; nor durst they cease to worship God, nor 
forsake their holy Assemblies, as the Manner of Some is, tho' Revil'd 
and Persecuted for it. When the Parliament caused the Licenses to be 
called in, many of the Congregation Travell'd far, the Minister 
laboured hard ; in Season and out of Season he Preach'd the Word, 
Catechised Youth, Edified the Church as he could, justly Offending 
none ; And while they were thus doing three Men, (Whitfield, an old 
officer in the Army, Robson, a Proctor, and Servant to Doctor 
Smallwood, Parson of Graystock, and Wilkinson, a Drunkard) 
Informed one Justice Musgrave, of a Conventicle held in the House 
of J.N. which was accordingly Convicted, and the Fine Levy'd by 
Distress; but this Triumph was short, and Wilkinson died in Sorrow 
for it. In these disheartening Times to Nonconformity when they 

1268 The Ejected of 1662 

could scarce find Bread or Rest J.N. perceiving the need of successive 
Pastors devoted a Son to the Service of Christ in the Ministry, and 
bred him thereunto in the best way that he could afford, declining, 
for Conscience sake, the Favour that was then offer'd him in Queen's- 
CoUege in Oxford by a kind neighbour. Dr. T.H. since Vice- 
Chancellour. A few Years after J.N. designed another Son the 
same way, and carry'd him through his Academical Studies, but that 
proceeded not. And was it not worthy of a conscientious Dissenter, 
to take these Steps to preserve the Truth and cause he had own'd ? 
But this Constancy did not degenerate into Bigotry ; for I remember 
that on just Occasions, he paid Respects to, and received Courtesies 
from divers of the Bishops of Carlisle at Rose Castle; and that in 
times of need, he would hear the best of the parochial Clergy ; and in 
his London Journies, Lodging in Holboum, would sometimes hear 
Dr. Stillinglieet, visited Mr. Baxter, Dr. Annesley, and the Dissenters 
call'd by other Names, for he honoured them alike. The prudent 
Associations aforesaid, in Cumberland, had effectually buried the 
Names of needless Distinction, and party among Dissenters. Dr. 
Gilpin had well armed his People's Minds against such Follies And 
when an Union or necessary Coalition of Presbyterian and Congrega- 
tional was endeavour'd in ItiyO, the good Doctor was as forward as 
any Man to promote it. That Motion was surely of God and will be 
more thorowly pursued when Men are more taught of God. 

The Postscript further states that John Xoble had some 
^'little insight into Surgery, which he never Professed, nor 
chose to Practice; but in Extremities, when the Sick and 
Wounded had no other resort, he would in the name of 
God, endeavour their Relief " ; that in his last years he 
was " much confined to his House and often not able to 
appear where he most delighted, in the Courts of the 
Lord ; tho' He and His, had lately erected a Tabernacle 
near his own House, for the more decent and commodious 
Worship of God " ; that " two of his Children had 
gloriously finished their Christian Race before him," 
John, his eldest Son, being taken early home and Anne, 
who had married " a Godly Man " similarly ; that the 
three other Daughters were " all Married to Men of 
Serious Religion, who labour'd to preserve it in their 
Families " ; and that upon the rest of the sons is the 
*' greatest obligation to know the God of their Father." 
It is added that " tho' it cannot be expected of one so 
exhausting himself for others to leave his Children Rich 

Anthony Sleigh 1269 

in the World, especially not in that Barren Country, they 
all have Food convenient, and a little that a Righteous 
Man hath is better than the Treasures of Many Wicked." 
Urging the reader to remember the shortness of time the 
interesting record says : — 

Your former Pastors were held long upon Duty : But Dr. Gilpin 
now is not ; and worthy Mr. Sleigh is not ; and now J. N. is not. 

If there were any doubt as to the origin of the cause here 
that sentence removes it. Up to the time of John 
Noble's death, apart from the one then in charge, there 
had been two Ministers only, Gilpin and Sleigh. The 
Minutes of the Presbyterian Fund state that a grant of 
£8 per annum was made on Nov. 17, 1690, to " Mr. 
Anthony Sleigh at Threlkeld." This grant is continued 
in this form for two or three years, and " Penruddock " 
is not mentioned until well into the 18th Century. The 
Minutes of the Congregational Fund Board, however, have 
under April 13, 1696 : — 

Ordered that Mr. Sleigh at Penruddock in Cumberland have 
paid him 5li. 

In this form it appears for several years. Anthony 
Sleigh died June 13, 1702. Calamy says that he was 
twice " Imprisoned for his Preaching and once thrown 
into the Dungeon for praying with the Prisoners " ; that 
for " Twenty Years together he had not above Twenty 
Shillings a Year from his People." ^ He appears in the 
Cockermouth Church Book giving occasional assistance 
to the people there, and his name will be found in the 
License, Presentment and Conventicle Lists. ^ ' The fol- 
lowing from Nicolson's Diary is significant : — 

1706. Sept. 13. Friday. Mr. Slee of Penruddock, son to ye late 
Dissenting Preacher there, applying for Deacon's Orders.' 

To the same congregation belonged Henry Winder, 
who for a time was caught by the Quaker movement. He 
became " a great man " among them and was actually 
made " Receiver General of all the Collections in the 

1. Calamy, vol. ii, p. 161. 

2. Vide pp. 1329, 1344, 1368. 

3. Trans. (N.S.) vol. iii, p. 54. 

1270 The Ejected of 1662 

County." Samuel Audland, who probably immediately 
succeeded Anthony Sleigh at Penruddock as Minister, 
gives an account of Henry Winder's experiences and 
return to his former faith in : — " The Spirit of Quakerism 
Cloven-footed." Henry Winder lived to be over one 
hundred years old as the following from the Greystoke 
Registers shows : — 

1716-7 Feby 9. Buried Henry Winder Senr of Button Soyle 
who dyed of a Dropsy in the Hundred and first Year of his Age. 

Audland removed to Kendal before 1709. He appears that 
year as a recipient from the Presbyterian Fund of a 
grant of £10 for Kendal. The Greystoke Registers note 
the burial of Mr. Cotley, " Presbyterian Minister at 
Penruddock " June 1, 1710. This is a new name. He 
was followed by Joseph Dodson, M.A., who is first named 
in the Minutes of the Presbyterian Fund under June 8, 
1713. He was, however, here in 1712, his name occurring 
in the Trust Deed of that date ; but in 1721 he removed to 
Faringdon, Bucks. ^ The Minutes, under date Jan. 8, 
1721-2, " ordered that allowance bee continued to Mr. 
Sam. Threlkeld of Penruddock recommended by nine 
neighbouring ministers." He removed to Penrith; and 
his successor at Penruddock, Samuel Atkinson, appears, 
under date Oct. 26, 1725, with a grant of £6. He seems 
to have left about 1732, being succeeded by John Helme. 

The Church has had a continuous history, and certainly 
was connected with the Congregationalists in the days of 
Andrew Rattray, who died in 1829. ^ It is now in associa- 
tion with the Presbyterian Church of England. 
5. Brampton, 

Nathaniel Burnand was the Minister ejected from this 
place; and he remained about the neighbourhood and 
Alston Moor for, at least, ten years, preaching as he had 
opportunity. The Conventicle Returns and Presentment 
Lists show that there was a considerable body of Noncon- 
formity in the district. James Noble, M.A., was Minister 
here in 1688, and he continued about two years. In 1690 

1. Hist, of the Berks, &c., Congl. Churches (Summers), p. 229. 

2. Cong. Mag. for 1822, pp. 384 : 555. 

John Kincaide 1271 

Leonard Deane was presented for keeping " a Meeting 
house unlysensed "' ; and " Mr. John Kingrade " similarly 
" for preaching there unlysensed." The Minutes of the 
Congregational Fund Board, under date April 13, 1696, 
give " John Kincaide " with a grant of £3 ; and, under 
April 17, 1699, we have the following : — 

Ordered that Mr. Kinkade if he Continues at Brampton for this 
next years shall be allowed £3. 

Year by year he appears" as a recipient. He remained at 
Brampton until his death, the date of his burial being 
Oct. 25, 1707. His successor was James Campbell, M.A., 
who remained only two years, being followed by Robert 
"Wight, M.A., about 1712.^ In June 1713, it was decided 
that the sum of £2 be granted to him from the Presby- 
terian Fund as an " Extraordinary Supply," in case the 
allowance from the Congregational Fund was dropped, 
and Brampton remained on both Funds long years after- 
wards. From Wight onwards the history is continuous, 
and the Church is now in connection with the Presbyterian 
body. Among other early documents the Church possesses 
a Baptismal Register beginning Aug. 24, 1712. 

6. Alston. 

Nathaniel Burnand retired to this district after his 
Ejection from Brampton, and preached as the times 
would permit. John Davis also licensed a house here in 
1672; and Calamy states that Thomas "Tailor lived about 
ten years after his Ejectment [from Edenhall] preaching 
at Alston More and other places." ^ Xhe Presentment 
Lists give the names of several Nonconformists; but the 
first evidence of an organized congregation is near the 
end of that Century, the Meeting place being Garrigill. 
The earliest known Minister was Thos. Dawes, possibly 
related to Dr. Dawes of Barton, and a student of Richard 

1. Vide an exceedingly interesting Paper on "Early Brampton Pres- 
byterianism " by Henry Penfold (Trans. N.S. vol. iii, p. 94): also 

'Whitehead's "Brampton xviith Century Presbyterians" (Trans. (O.S.), 
vol. viii.) 

2. Vide p. 446, reasons for doubting Tailors's Ejection from Edenhall. 


1272 The Ejected of 1662 

Frankland's. He is given as Minister of Garrigill in the 
Will of John Yipond dated 1692/ and was probably here 
from 1692 to 1703. He appears as a recipient from the 
Congregational Fund Board, under March 28, 1698, to the 
extent of £4 "for this year " ; and died in 1703. - It was 
towards the end of his time that the Meeting House at 
Loninghead, Garrigill, was erected. Thomas Dawes was 
succeeded by Thomas Dickinson, in reference to whom we 
have the following : — - 

March 8. 1707-8 

Adieton Moor in Cumberland. Mr. Dickenson their Minister was 
proposed by Mr. Stretton to have 5li p. ann. adjourned till next 

He was subsequently at Carlisle. Two persons of this 
name appear in Frankland's list of students. The one 
who entered the Academy July 3, 1689, when it was at 
Attercliffe being probably the Carlisle Minister. In a 
MS. copy of the list as given in Daniel Madock's Funeral 
Sermon is the following note against his name : "Minister 
at Carlile : living 1747." Dickinson's successor was John 
Turner, who appears to have held the Pastorate from about 
1712 to 1714, being followed in 1716 by Adam Wilson in 
reference to whom we have the following : — 

Oct. 7. 1717 

On a motion from the Chairman & a Letter from ^Ir. Thomas 
Dickson of Whitehaven & others respecting the Case of Mr. Adam 
Wilson of Alston Moor & Wiredale in Cumberland that he has 
serv'd those Congregations for two years past ending at Midsumr 
last & not only one as represented by Dr Calamy May 6th last 
Agreed that the allowance be paid him for two years past & not 
only one as agreed at this meeting in May.* 

The present Church at Alston replaced the old one at 
Garrigill, in 1804. It is in connection with the Congre- 

1. Vide " Notes on Early Nonconformist Ministers at Alston Moor " by 
Mr. J. W. Robinson for much useful information; also Congl. Trans., 
vol iv, p. 254, and vol. v, p. 33. 

2. Vide Kirkoswald Registers ; also vide pp. 343, 1342 of this work. 

3. Min. of Presby. Fund. 

4. Min. Presb. Fund. 

Simon Atkinson 1273 

gational body. The following are the Eegisters in 
Somerset House : — 

Births and Baptisms 1764—1801. 

Burials 1782—1837. 

Births and Baptisms 1801—1816. 

Births and Baptisms 1817 — 1837. 

7. Great Salkeld. 

This is in the neighbourhood of Lazonby whence Simon 
Atkinson was ejected. After his Ejection he continued 
to reside in the district, and the License and Conventicle 
documents, together with the Presentment Lists give 
evidence of his activity. During the later years of his 
life, at least, he made his home at Calthwaite and minis- 
tered to a congregation there. The Minutes of the Pres- 
byterian Fund have the following : — 

May 9. 1692. Ordered That Mr. Kichard Stretton doe write to 
know the Circumstances of ye people of Cawthwayte in Cumberland 
to which Mr. Simon Atkinson is Pastour. 

He died in 1694, and whether any one immediately 
succeeded does not appear; but the congregation kept 
together, and, under date Dec. 25, 1703, the Minutes of 
the Presbyterian Fund give the following : — 

To Mr. Rigby at Cauthwait and Great Salkeld 6/m. £2—10—0. 

This was Richard Rigby who graduated M.D. Edinburgh, 
and removed to Hereford before 1717. The Minutes note 
the grant year by year to " Cauthwaite " or Salkeld. The 
Minutes of the Congregational Fund Board also, under 
^ April 3, 1704, have: — 

Church of Cathwet in Cumberland £3. 

[t would appear that the Calthwaite cause subsequently 
f«ame to be known as the Plumpton one. The Plumpton 
[Meeting House, bearing date 1709, was transferred to the 
["Wesleyans some time ago ; and the Great Salkeld Meeting 
[House, now used as a barn, was probably erected a little 
[anterior to the one at Plumpton. In 1822, the Congre- 
[gational Magazine gives both Plumpton and Great 

Salkeld as " Independent," under the ministry of Timothy 


The Ejected of 1662 

Nelson; but in the Magazine for 1826 is the following 

note : — 

There is a Chapel at each of these places, but supplied by one 
Minister. They were formerly Independent, but are now in the 
hands of the Unitarians. The present Minister is Rev. — Nelson.^ 

In the same Magazine for 1832 ^ are two lists of recipients 
from the Lady Hewley Funds in 1830, one consisting of 
those " who are understood to hold Anti-Trinitarian sen- 
timents." In this appears " T. Nelson — ^Salkeld and 
Plumpton " with a grant of £8. It was in 1830 that he 
died and Great Salkeld passed with the next Minister over 
to the Presbyterian body with which it is now united. 

1. P. 701. 

2. P. 726 : In the list for the same year, however, given by James 
(Presby. Chapels and Charities, &c., p. 738) the two places are 
marked "Presbyterian Secession," but it is necessary to point out that 
in the original the denominations are not so distinguished — the names are 
James's own work though he says "great trouble has been taken to 
ascertain them." 

1. Carlisle. 

The Ejected Minister here was Comfort Starr. There 
is no evidence of an organized congregation until about 
30 years afterwards, but the License and Presentment 
Lists supply the connecting links. These show that 
certain Nonconformists were in the City, who made provi- 
8ion for their own form of worship; and something like 
a settled congregation appears in 1690, the Minutes of the 
Presbyterian Fund for Dec. 29th of that year intimating 
that it was " ordered that £10 per annum be allowed 
towards the Propagation of the Gospel att Carlisle in 
Cumberland." In 1692 there were both congregation and 
Minister. The Minister was Daniel Jackson, admitted to 
the Church at Cockermouth July 31st, 1692, from the 
Broughton Tower Church in Lancashire. He is described 
as " a preacher of the word, who is called to preach the 
Gospel at Carlisle." ^ It would appear from this that 
whilst there was a congregation no separate Church 
existed; and other things seem to indicate that Elder 
Eaglesfield had gone from the neighbourhood of Cocker- 
mouth to reside at Carlisle. Daniel Jackson gave the 
Cockermouth Church some trouble, as we gather from the 
following : — 

Jan. 27. 1692/3. The Church had a meeting at Cockermth, where 
after a sermon preacht by the Pastr from 1 pet. 2.9. There were 
read several letters from elder Eaglesfield at Carlisle, giving an 
Acct of the scandals of Mr. Dan. Jackson, some time before received 
into communion : upon which this letter was written, and sent by 
a chosen Messenger to ye sd Mr. Jackson at Carlisle. 

Yr. relinquishing of yr wife for no cause, at least no cause by 
Scripture Rules warrantable made out by any testimony, but your 
owne ; As also yr positive & resolute refusal to cohabite wth her, 
Tho advised for to doe by Severall Godly Minrs, and admonished 
Soe to doe by or [our] Beld [Beloved] Bro : & Revrd. [Revered] Elder 
Mr. Richard Eaglesfield : As also some other very fowle Miscarriages of 
yrs both heretofore in Lancashire and since yr cominge to Carlisle 
{which will be proved 'gainst you though you may deny them) 
having been this day laid before the Brethren, by whom you were 

1. MS. Min. Bk. Cock. Ch. 


The Ejected of 1662 

too charitably, if not too precipitantly admitted into Church Com- 
munion (which they feare they may have cause to be humbled for) 
of which Comunion you are (as now they finde to their Griefe) a 
Scandalous Member : These are to signify to you, That upon Serioua 
consideration of the prmisses made out to the Church (partly by 
letters from Godly Minrs and otherwise : Some of which things are 
not denied, but owned, yea, & justifyed by yr Selfe, To wit. The 
casting off of yr wife, and utter refusal to live with her declaring 
thus to or elder dealing with you : That you would never for all 
the men & Minrs in England Cohabite wth her, or Seeke to be 
reconciled to her, for shee was divorced from you, wch is false &c) 
They judge & declare unanimously That you have walked, & do 
walk disorderly, irregularly, and to the Great Scandal of religion ; 
This the Church have ordered mee to Signify to you : And withall 
the Brethren doe as hereby admonish you of your Sin, and calf 
upon you to be humbled for it and to repent of it (namely, ye Sin 
of Causelesse leaving, and wilfull living from your wife) So they 
doe hereby declare and make known to you by these lines, (sent 
to you by a chosen Messenger, and Brother) That if you reject 
this their admonion, and psist in yr obstinacy Soe living in Sin 
notoriouslj' Scandalous, They must & shall be found in their 
duty. To put yu away from among them ; I have not further to 
signify to you, except mine owne pticular disatesfacon, manifested 
(tho : not much minded) when you were lately at my house. 
Your complyance to yr duty (1 pet 3.7) will be as your Grieved 
Brethren's only Satisfacon Soe yr owne Comfort, and what will make 
for the Furtherance of the Gospell ; Your Non-Compliance (which 
is much feared) will draw upon you the Churches Censure ; Cause 
the Farther withdrawing of Godly Minrs and Serious judicious 
Christians from owning of you & yor Ministry ; And aboue all pull 
downe the wrath of God. 

Written and signed (as ordered by the Church att their meeting at 
Cockermth the 27th of the 11th Month) 

By mee George Larkham 
Daniel Jackson did not remain very long after this, for 

in 1696 a Mr. Menzies was here, as we gather from tlie 

following : — 

July 6. 1696. allowance to Minister for six months to the 24th 
of June past. 

To Mr. Menzies att Carlisle £3—0—0.= 
April 13. 1696 

Ordered that Mr. Menzy of Carlyle be put off till another time.* 

1. MS. Min. Bk., Cock. Ch. 

2. Minutes of Pres. Fund. 

3. Minutes of Congl. Fund Book. 

Thomas Dickinson 1277 

In May, 1697, lie appears as a recipient to the extent of 
£3 ; and year by year his name occurs in that capacity. 
A writer, in the Congregational Magazine for 1822, says 
that in his day there existed the " remains of an ancient 
meeting house, on the west walls, between the Cathedral 
and Court houses, but the date of its erection is unknown. 
Mr. Miles Baxter, one of Mr. Frankland's pupils, is 
supposed to have officiated in this meeting house. "^ 
Miles Baxter was admitted to E-athmell January 29, 1697. 
He had a grant from the Presbyterian Fund of £6 — — 
for December 25, 1703, to December 25, 1704 ;2 and is said 
to have removed to Wimborne in Dorset in 1713.^ This, 
however, is too late by two years as we gather from the 
following : — 

Jan. 8. 1710/11. Resolved that the allowance formerly made to 
Mr. Baxter of Carlisle be still continued to the Congregation at 

The meeting house in Fisher Street took the place of 
the one just named early in the 18th Century. Thomas 
Dickinson previously at Alston followed about 1710, his 
name appearing in the Minutes of the Presbyterian Fund 
for that year. He is said to have remained here until 
1745,^ and during part of that period Carlisle disappears 
from the list of recipients from the Fund. The reason is 
given in the following : — 

Aprill 23. 1723. 

Upon a report from Dr. Calamy relating to Cumberland agreed that 
the allowance to Carlisle be Discontinued ]\Ir. Dickenson haviaig an 

It reappears, however, subsequently even during Dickin- 
son's time. The following interesting extracts from the 

1. P. 216. 

2. Minutes, &c. 

3. Cong. Mag. for 1822, p. 216; also Congl. Churches of Dorset 
(Ogle), p. 390. 

4. Minutes, &c. 

5. Congl. Mag. for 1822, p. 216. 

6. Minutes, &c. 

1278 The Ejected of 1662 

St. Mary's Registers at Carlisle have been supplied by 
Mr. J. W. Robinson : — 

Castle Street — Elizabeth & Mary drs of Thomas Dickinson were 
bapt at A Conventicle house Aug. 3. 1712. 

Castle .St. Mr. Dickenson's wife A non Conformist Ministr buried 
[no date but between A. 18. to 29 Nov. 1723]. 

Rogers Lane. Andrew Small child was bapt by Mr. Dickinson & 
buried here July ye 20. Witnes his note to hand [entered between 
June 9 & Aug. 1. 1731]. 

Under the ministry of Robert Mylne, M.A., the con- 
gregation developed Arianism with the result that about 
1775 a number of people seceded. Early in the 19th 
Century the seceders obtained possession of the premises, 
and the Church is now in connection with the Presbyterian 
body. Congregationalism began about the time of the 

The Registers in Somerset House (Independent) are : — 

1. Baptisms. 1785—1836. 

2. Penrith. 

Roger Baldwin was the Ejected Minister here, and a 
License was taken in 1672, for Thomas Langhorne's house, 
the Langhornes being a prominent family both in the 
town and district. The Presentment Lists are rich in 
suggestion. There was a Lectureship here in 1694 at 
which Simon Atkinson, then resident at Calthwaite, 
preached; and from that time we have the history of an 
organized congregation. The first minister was James 
Coningham, M.A., who settled here in 1694, and removed 
to Cross Street, Manchester, in 1700. The Minutes of the 
Congregational Fund Board give the following : — 

May 3. 1697 Ordered that £5 be paid Mr. Cuningham of Penrith. 
March 28. 1698. Ordered that Mr. Cuningham of Penrith in 
Cumberland if he Continue there this year bee allowed £5-0-0. 

Coningham's successor was Thomas Andrews who 
appears here in 1701. The Minutes of the Presbyterian 
Fund note a grant to him of £4 — — for the year, 
December 25, 1703 — December 25, 1704. He was gone by 
1709, in which year Peter Seddon is named as a recipient 

George Larkham 1279 

of the grant. The history is continuous from this point, 
and the Church is now in association with the Presbyterian 
body. The E-egisters in Somerset House are : — Births 
and Baptisms, 1799 — 1836. 

3. Blennerhasset. 

There was no Ejected Minister here; but several persons 
of this district were members of the Cockermouth Church 
in George Larkham's days. It appears also that a house 
had been licensed for public worship, at least, early in 
"the 18th Century. Hence the following : — 

July 12. 1704, Wednesday. 

The Licence for a preaching House in Blennerhasset revers'd. 

July 17. Munday. In ye morning John Wallas of Threepld and 

anothei- Dissenter desireing Restitution of yir licens'd House in 

Blennerhasset; and both confess'd yir imploying Preachers of different 

Perswasions. ' 

The first known Minister here was Mr. Stewart, who was 
a recipient from the Presbyterian Fund in 1714/15. How 
long he had been here we do not know, and, in April, 1715, 
the Minutes speak of his removal and the advent of James 
Mallison. The latter was gone in June, 1716, and Mr. 
Seyer had succeeded him. The Church is Congregational. 

4. Keswick. 

James Cave was the Ejected Minister of Crosthwaite; 
and in the Cockermouth Church Book is reference to a 
meeting in Thornthwaite Chapel of the two " sister 
Churches " of Keswick and Cockermouth, on June 24th, 
1657, when the two Pastors preached. On May 15, 1668, 
at a Church Meeting at Embleton, " The Pastour of the 
Ch. at Keswick mett him [Larkham] also"; but on Sept. 
29, 1672, " one of ye broken people of Keswick " is said 
to be present at a meeting of the Cockermouth Church. 
It is clear from all this that a Church existed during these 
years in close connection with the one at Cockermouth; 
and, it may be assumed that, during Larkham's lifetime, 
the Nonconformist tradition would be kept alive at 
Keswick. It was in 1715 that a " House " for religious 
worship was conveyed on trust by the gift of Mrs. Ann 
Waterson. How long the congregation had been already 

1. Trans. (N.S.), vol. ii, p. 198. 

i28o The Ejected of 1662 

organized we do not know. The Evans MSS. give as the 
first Minister, Mr. Sayers, probably, John Seyer of Blen- 
nerhasset. Robert Stott from Broiighton Tower in 
Lancashire, was possibly his immediate successor. He 
appears as a recipient from the Presbyterian Fund in 
December, 1715; and his successor was John Kirkpatrick 
about 1731. The Church is Congregational. 

5. Whitehaven. 

Here again was no Ejected Minister and Whitehaven 
Nonconformity owes its origin to Cockermouth. There 
does not appear to have been a separate Church in Lark- 
ham's day; but persons from the town are found in 
fellowship with the Cockermouth Church as early as 1671. 
Isabella Dixon of Whitehaven, licensed her house for 
public worship in 1672 ; and a sectional meeting of the 
Cockermouth Church assembled at Whitehaven on Sept. 
4, 1672, when the child of " Bro. Nicholas Gibson " was 
baptized. It may again be assumed that George Larkham 
would continue to interest himself in the little body of 
Nonconformists here. Tradition has it that a large influx 
of Dissenters from the north of Ireland, refugees from 
persecution, about 1694, led to the erection of a place of 
worship in that year. The St. Nicholas Church had been 
consecrated the year before. The Trust Deed, dated April 
23, 1695, appoints Roger Anderton, the Minister, and 
Elisha Gale with some others as Trustees.^ Thoresby, 
under date September 20, 1694, refers to a visit to White- 
haven, when he had " pleasing converse with Sir John 
Lowther, Dr. Jaques, and Mr. Anderton (one of Mr. 
Frankland's pupils and the Nonconformist Minister there) 
with much good company." ^ This is the first known 
Minister. Four years previously, however, there were 
regular preaching services as the following shows : — 

Dec. 28. 1690. Ordered that £6 per ann. be allowed towards the 

propagation of the Gospell at Whitehaven in Cumberland.^ 

1. Vide Principal Gordon's note in Roberts's "Hope Street Church,. 
Liverpool," &c., p. 15. 

2. Diary, vol. i, p. 270. 

3. Minutes of the Pres. Fund. 

Dr. Dixon 1281 

Eoger Anderton removed to Newcastle in 1704-5 and 
was succeeded by Dr. Thomas Dixon, who, in addition to 
his ministerial work, kept an Academy. He was the most 
prominent man of that day in Cumbrian Nonconformity. 
It was he who supplied Dr. Evans with material for his 
work, and similarly Calamy; whilst the following show 
that the interests of Nonconformity in this area were his 
special charge : — 

May 4. 1713. Mr. Dickson of Whitehaven offering an account of the 
distressed State of Severall Ministers in Westmorland and Cumberland, 
severall of them being reduc'd by the Congregational Funds discon- 
tinuing their allowance tis agreed that Mr. Tong, Mr. Henry, Mr. 
Gunston, and Mr. Martin be desir'd to confer with Mr. Rich Tailor 
and others of our Congregational Brethren and the Case be further 
Consider'd at next meeting. 
June 8. 1713. 

Mr. Dickson's Acct reconsider'd — agreed that £5 a piece be allow'd 
to Mr. Audland of Kendal, Mr. Seddon of Penrith and Mr. Dickenson 
of Carlile For an Extraordinary Supply and £4 to Rossendale for an 
Extraordinary Supply when they shall have a Ministr settled among 
them approv'd by this Board £3 to Mr. Rigby of Salkeld £2 to 
Mr. Bourn of Crook £2 to Mr. Dodson of Penruddock £4 to Mr. 
Turner of Alston Moore & Wiredale all of them as Extraordinary 
Supply's and not to be expected any more. Also £2 to Mr. Wyght 
of Brampton if his allowance from the Congregational Fund be Dropt 
this also as an Extraordinary Supply. 

The " necessitous Congregations " in these tw'o Counties 
were again under the consideration of the Board, in 
October, 1714, and on March 7, 1714/5, we get the 
following : — 

Upon the report of the State of the Ministry in ye Counties of 
Cumberland and Westmorland tis agreed as follows :■ — 

That Ten pounds be allowed to Mr. Dickenson of Carlisle, ten 
pounds to Mr. Seddon of penrith, ten pounds to Dr. Rigby of 
Cauthwaite or Salkeld eight pounds to Mr. Dodson of penruddock 
five pounds to Mr. Michael Hope of Hudlescough eight pounds to 
Mr. Wyght of Brampton eight pounds to Mr. Stewart of Blynerhasset 
all these in ye County of Cumberland and six pounds to Mr. Bourne 
of Crooke in Westmorland all these payments to commence from 
Midsr last. 

That besides these allowances there be a further Allowance of six 
pounds to Alston Moor & Wiredale in Cumberland granted when 

1282 The Ejected of 1662 

provided of a Minister to the satisfaction of this Board. And ten 
pounds to Kendall in Westmorland on the same Condition And that 
ye case of Rosendale in ye same County be consider'd when they 
have a proper Minister settled among them.' 

Dr. Dixon removed to Bolton in 1723 ^ being succeeded 
by Lemuel Latham. The story of the Whitehaven 
Church is particularly interesting in relation to changes 
of polity; it approximates closely to that of Noncon- 
formity in most Lancashire towns. During the latter 
half of the 18th Century Arianism to some slight degree 
appeared, and there was a moving off on the part of those 
who desired a more Evangelical ministry. Thus origin- 
ated the present Congregational Church. The older 
interest fell back to the Evangelical position and William 
Rose from Rotherham College ministered here for about 
six years, wben he died. The Trustees interfered and the 
building was closed for some time, the E-ev. Walter 
Fairlie, Presbyterian, being appointed in November, 1819. 
A few months previously the congregation gathered by Mr. 
Rose joined the other body of Congregationalists, and the 
Chapel altered and enlarged was opened for public 

The Registers in Somerset House, all " Independent," 
are : — 

Baptisms, 1789—1819. 

Baptisms, 1818—1836. 

Burials, 1823—1836. 

6. OuLTON. (Extinct.) 

This place is some twenty miles distant from Broughton ; 
yet tradition has it that some of its people were members 
of the Baptist Broughton Church, the cause at Oulton 
originating with them. In all probability it was a branch 
of Broughton, and there is no trace of it before the 18th 
Century. It is a few miles from Wigton, and appears as a 
recipient from the Lady Hewley Funds in 1830. As 
a Baptist cause it .became extinct a few years later, 

1. Minutes of the Pres. Fund. 

2. Was he in any way related to Isabella Dixon? 

Wigton Congregationalism 1283 

and the building is now rented by the Primitive Methodists. 
For some reason or other the Congregational Church at 
Wigton is given in the Denominational Year Books as 
originating in 1666. This a quite a mistake. It is not 
older than the 19th Century. An earlier Nonconformist 
interest of about 1789, whose Minister " adopted Socinian 
sentiments," was abandoned about 1813; but Congrega- 
tionalism does not appear to have been connected with 
this movement, though it arose about this time through 
the preaching of the Rev. J. Whitridge of Carlisle,^ the 
first Minister, John Walton, from Hackney College, 
taking charge in 1816. 

7. Egremont. (Extinct.) 

There was a Baptist cause here in 1691, which was 
connected with the Association for Northumberland, 
Durham, Yorkshire, &c. '^ How and when it came into 
existence we have no means of knowing. There was 
probably an Ejected Minister here,^and George Larkham's 
influence would also count for much; but there is no 
possibility of connecting him directly with the cause. 
Nothing appears to be known of its history. In the Evans 
MSS. (1717—1729) Egremont, Oulton, and Broughton are 
given as Baptist causes then existing. 

1. Vide Congregational Mag. for 1822, p. 713. 

2. Hist, of the Northern Baptist Churches (Douglas), p. 109. 

3. Vide p. 827. 


1. Ravenstonedale. 

Christoplier Jackson was the Ejected Minister of Crosby 
Garrett, a short distance away. After his Ejection he 
came to reside in this neighbourhood and the reader is 
referred elsewhere ^ for a consideration of the tradition 
which links him with the origination of the cause here. 
The first known Minister after him was Timothy 
Puncheon; and he certainly was here in 1691, when some 
sort of Meeting House was in use. The Minutes of the 
Presbyterian Fund have the following: — 

June 8. 1691 : Ordered that £5 be allowed to Mr. Puncheon at 

Rosendale in Westmerland for 6/m to the 24 Instant. 

The appended letter, to Lord Wharton, in a wonderfully 
neat, clear hand, from the pen of Dr. Gilpin in reference 
to Puncheon is interesting : — 


Aug. 10. '91. 
My Lord 

I received yours of July wth ye papers inclosed. You are pleased 
to desire an account from me of Mr. 'Puncheon wch in briefe is 
this. He is a very modest humble man, I believe him to be very 
pious & sincere, exact & carefull in all his Conversation, he was 
bred up under Mr. Franklin, where he made a considerable progress 
in Logick, philosophy & divinity, but he is still upon ye growing 
hand being studious, & hath good edifying ministeriall parts. As 
to your Curacy of Russindale, I can say nothing, I know none fit 
to be recommended to yt place, nor do I expect to meete wth any, 
because such kinde of men ly out of my way. I pray God direct 
& Counsell you in all things & preserve you to his everlasting 
kingdome I am 

My Lord 

Yor very humble Servant. 
Rich Gilpin 
[Endorsed] 10th Augst. 

from Dr. Gilpin.^ 

1. Vide p. 1095. 

2. Rawl. MSS., 104. 

Caleb Rotherham 1285 

Puncheon was followed by James Mitchell, who was 
here, April 5, 1697, when £4 was allowed him from the 
Congregational Fund Board as a " pticular gift." On 
August 24th of that year he married Mary Adamthwaite 
*' at the meeting house." iSTotices of his children appear 
in the Ravenstonedale Parish Registers and his own burial 

entry reads thus : — 

1712 Sept. 12. Mr. James Mitchel of Lockholme Buried. 

In May, 1699, he is allowed £6. The Minutes of the 
Presbyterian Fund name him with a grant of £6 for the 
year ending December 25, 1704. 

The course of events after Mitchell is not easily traced, 
but something like the following would appear to have 
happened.^ Mitchell's successor was John Magee, 
appointed in 1713/14; but it seems that a secession took 
place favoured somewhat by Dr. Dixon of Whitehaven. 
The secessionists had for their Minister, Caleb Rotheram, 
in 1715. The following refers to his appointment : — 
Oct. 3. 1715 

An allowance being Granted Mar. 7. 1714/5 to ye Congregation 
of Russendaie in Cumberland [ ?] when a Ministr Approv'd shall be 
setled there notice being now given from Mr. Dickson of White- 
haven that Mr. Caleb Rotheram is sent thither by the Neighbouring 
Ministrs & well Approved by them this Society thereupon approves 
ye said Mr. Rotheram & that five pounds be allow'd him next 
Xmas & five pounds more next Midsr if he continue a year out to 
satesfaction. - 
He remained only about a year removing to Kendal, and 
Mas succeeded by James Mallison from Blennerhasset, in 
reference to whom we have the following : — 
July 2. 1716 
£510 to James Malhson who succeeds C. Rotherham at Rosendale.3 

1. Several sketches of this place have already been published, all 
of which are more or less defective. Vide Lane. Nonconformity 
(Nightingale), vol. i. : Ancient Meetmg JBouse at Ravenstonedale by 
Dale and Crippen (Trans. Congl. Hist. Soc. for May, 1907) : Non- 
conformity in Cumberland and Westmorland by CoUigan (Tians. &c. 
for Feby. 1908) : The Ancient Meeting House &c. by Nicholson 
and Axon (Trans. &c. for Jan. 1909) : and Hist. &c. of Ravenstonedale 
by Nicholls. 

2. Min. Presb. Fund. 

3. Ihid. 

1286 The Ejected of 1662 

His name appears regularly in tlie Minutes until 1722, 
and under April 23, 1723, we get the following: — 

Upon a report from Dr. Calamy relating to Westmorld. agreed 
that the allowance to Rosendale be discontinued they not needing 
it And that the allowance to the several other meetings in this 
County be as setled for former Ministers.^ 

Probably this marks about the date of Mallison's removal 
and the collapse of the secession. Magee left about 1732, 
and his successor, appointed by the "major part of the con- 
gregation," September 9, 1733, was James E-ichie or 
Ritchie, M.A., M.D. He appears in the Minutes in 1736 
with a grant of £7 — — 0. Things were not yet quiet, and 
an attempt by the trustees to remove him and secure a fresh 
appointment failed, the charge against the Minister being 
that his doctrine was contrary to that of Calvin and the 
Westminster Confession. He removed about 1742, until 
which time he appears in the Minutes of the Presbyterian 
Fund, and subsequently held Pastorates at Alston and 
Great Salkeld. Changes in the Pastorate for a few years 
were frequent, but the following names have been 
recovered: John Hardy, 1743; Samuel Lowthion, 1744; 
John Blackburn, 1745 ; Mr. Collier, 1746. The last name 
is from the Minutes of the Congregational Fund Board; 
but the others are from those of the Presbyterian Fund. 

In 1747 the place is said to be vacant and shortly after- 
wards "Westmorland drops out of the Minutes for many 
years. Mr. Colligan suggests that Saunders may have 
been here from 1753 to 1756, but the Minutes of the 
Presbyterian Fund show that he was at Blennerhasset 
during those years, and equally decisive are they in refer- 
ence to Blackburn's ministry which Mr. Colligan suspects. 

The Church has a continuous history from this point 
and is connected with the Yorkshire Congregational 
Union. The Registers in Somerset House are: — 

Births, Baptisms, and Burials, 1775 — 1837. 

1. Min. Presb. Fund. 


1. Kendal. 

There was no Ejected Minister here, William Brown- 
sword conforming to the requirements of the new times ; 
but the License and other documents make it clear that 
Nonconformity was of considerable strength in the town 
and district. Thomas Whitehead, the Ejected Minister 
of Dalton, and George Benson, the Ejected Minister of 
Bridekirk, transferred their influence to this place, and 
preached in houses licensed for the purpose. The advent 
of Richard Frankland to these parts, two years afterwards, 
would tend to strengthen these forces greatly. The 
Kendal Parish Registers record the burial of a son thus : 

June 1679. 20. John son of Mr. Richard ffrankland of Natland. 
Another later reads thus : — 

21 March 1682. Samuel son of Mr. ffrankland of Natland. 

The following curious passage relating to him and the 
Kendal Vicar appears in Heywood's Diary : — 

May 29. 1681. Mr. Stanford of Kendal was to publish an absolu- 
tion of Mr. Frankland wch was procured by Mtris Jackson cf 
Cradock, and instead of reading that he said thus : — ' ' I am to give 
you notice that Mr. Rich. Frankland the ring leader of the Sectarys 
hath voluntarily submitted himself to the orders of the church, and 
is reconciled to it. What his design is therein I cannot divine 
except it be to sue for his schollars to pay to him, but methinks 
I see him come with bended knees, tears in his eyes, confession in 
his mouth that he hath wronged the church of England, begging 
pardon, promising reformation, and to be an obedient Son of the 
church, and resolving to come to the beginning of the service and 
wn he comes, good people, let him come freely and doe not hinder 
him, but youl say how know you all this? I ans. I know no more 
of it than you doe " — but the report spread abroad of ^Ir. Fr. 
conformity, and people sd he had surely got a good living.' 
Application was made for a license for the house of 

1. Diaries by Horsfall Turner, vol. ii, p. 282. In the "Christian 
Reformer " for 1862 is an extremely full and interesting account of 

1288 The Ejected of 1662 

" Mr. Eichard Ff rankland of Eathmell October 8, 1689" ;i 
and the following is a notice of his licensing a house for 
public worship, near Kendal : — 
Xmas 1691. 
The house of James Garnett called Morrside in Crosthwaite is 
Licensed by this Court for Mr. Richard ffranckland to preach in.- 

Wlien the congregation here was organized does not 
appear, but the first Register begins in 1687. James 
Hulme is mentioned as Minister in Feb. 1688-9, that 
being the date of his death.^ A grant of £10 for nine 
months was made to Kendal from the Presbyterian Fund 
in 1699, and one of £6 for the year ending Dec. 25, 1700, 
from the same source, the Minister being Mr. Thorneley. 
To him succeeded William Pendlebury, M.A., who appears 
in the Minute Books of the Presbyterian Fund under date 
Jan. 5, 1701-2, when it is said that it is agreed that his 
allowance be augmented from £6 to " £10 p. ann." He 
removed to Mill Hill, Leeds, his successor appearing in 
the Minutes under the year 1709. This was Samuel 
Audland who had previously been at Penruddock. He 
died in Oct. 1714; and in reference to the vacancy which 
occurred we have the following : — 
April 4. 1715. 

Upon Mr. Dickson's representation of ye State of ye people of 
Kendal, that they not having a setled Minister since Mr. Audland's 
Death but being at a great Expense for occasional Assistance, need 
ye Allowance formerly granted, Agreed That that allowance of ten 
pounds be continued to that Congregation to commence from Midsr 

Shortly afterwards Caleb Rotheram was appointed. The 
congregation became Unitarian during the 18th Century 
and still is, Congregationalism being an offshoot from it. 
The Registers in Somerset House are : — 

Births and Baptisms 1687—1789. 

Baptisms and Burials 1789—1834. 

1. Northowram Register by Horsfall Turner, p. 145. 

2. Kendal Order Book. 

3. So writes Mr. Francis Nicholson in "Kendal Unitarian Chapel," 
Trans. (N.S.), vol. v, p. 175. The Kendal Parish Registers, however, 
have the following under burials : — " 17 October 1688 Mr. James Holmes 
Non : Con : Minister, Underbarrow. " Can there be some confusion here ? 

4. Minutes of the Presbyterian Fund. 

John Atkinson 1289 

2. Stainton. 

This place is about five miles south of Kendal. In the 
primitive structure which still exists until recently were 
pews bearing dates 1698 and 1699 ; but there is nothing to 
say whether the cause was earlier than this. Nor is there 
anything to show how it came into being. As Richard 
Frankland's influence would be much felt in all this neigh- 
bourhood, it may be that Stainton is to be regarded as the 
fruit of his labours. The earliest known Minister was John 
Atkinson. " John Atkinson CI." took the oath of allegi- 
ance to the reigning house in the Midsummer of 1708.^ 
Probably this was John Atkinson of Motherby, School- 
master, and author of the Sketch of John jN^oble's life 
appended to Samuel Audland's Sermon in memory of him.^ 
Atkinson was still at Stainton in 1726, and probably his 
immediate successor was John Kirkpatrick, who certainly 
was here in 1734, He was at Keswick in 1731. In June, 
1740, James Scott is named with a grant of £5 ; and on 
April 7, 1746, Mr. Burgess with the same amount. The 
cause is worked in connection with the Lowther Street 
Congregational Church, Kendal.^ 

3. Crook (Extinct). 

This is about five miles from Kendal in a northerly 
direction. Equally obscure with those of Stainton are the 
date and cause of the origin of Crook. Possibly it also 
was the outcome of Frankland's labours joined with those 
of Gabriel Camelford, ejected from Staveley, near Lake 
Side, the latter being particularly active in these parts in 
preaching as he had opportunity after his Ejection. The 
first known Minister here also was a John Atkinson, 
educated at Frankland's Academy, and who removed to 
Cockermouth Oct. 5, 1701. The Minutes of the Presby- 
terian Fund have the following : — 

Jany. 5. 1701-2. Agreed [name not given] and Crook nere Kendall 

3 miles each in Westmorland have 2 Ministrs & to Lessen the 

Allowance of Kendall from £24 to £17. 

1. Kendal Indictment Book. 

2. Vide p. 1262. 

3. Vide Lane. Nonconformity, vol. i, p. 291, for further information. 

1 290 The Ejected of 1662 

Mr. Stevenson is named as Minister in 1704, so that 
possibly he was Atkinson's immediate successor. Samuel 
Bourn, member of a distinguished ministerial race in 
Lancashire, followed; and in 1719 we have Henry Knight 
receiving a grant of £6 from the Presbyterian Fund for 
Crook and " Harborough." He appears to have removed 
about 1724, and Abraham Ainsworth is named as his 
successor in Oct. 1725. John Helme followed, being 
mentioned in the Minutes in 1731 ; but in 1733 no 
Minister's name is given. In 1734 appears John Jackson 
with a grant of £5 for the two places. In 1738 there 
seems to have been no Minister, and none is named until 
we come to March 3, 1745-6, when we get the following : 

At the motion of Dr. Benson agreed that the allowance formerly 
made to Crook and Harborough be granted to Mr. Jno. Blackburn at 
Russendale from Midsumer last till the Congregation at Crook and 
Harborough revive.' 

The Minutes of the Congregational Fund Board