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^ FOREIGN 


AGRICULTURE 


CIRCULAR : 


\'-\0}-'\fl--T%4^-- 1 

i:i:i:i:^//r?|j|^ 




















Sill 


UNlT£D STATES DEPARTMENT OF 


AGF^ICULTU-RE 










WASHINGTON, D. C. 


D C. n V 1 u t 





















CURRLNF SEHIAL REGURD 

■i^ SEP 1 71953 ^ 

U. S. DEPAa i^Iv'^^^ 




August 31, 195C 



OF 125 /iT /\y/lIL'J3IZ; FCR 



The total supplies of r-er.t available ??or consuiiption in specifiel 
countries Vj clurinc 1952 e::cerde.?. 1"51 b^r about 4 percent ancl t.'ie 19 ••.■6-30 
ayera^-:e by 11 rerconto ^ir.CG t io population increases fror.i 1 to 3 percent 
annuallj'' in tJiis croup of countries tbe 195£ supplies rej^resent a per- 
capita 0 on Gurn.pt io.n 4 percent lar.:::.er t^ian 1951 ancT equal to or sli;';;htl3/ 
,r<reater t.Vian the 1916-30 level. 



'eat ;?ui;nlics by /ireas 



In Ilortl.i .AJierica the 1933 supplies of meat -.iue to an increase in both 
produetion and net iiiports i.^ere 6 percent .preater t;''.an 1'''31 end 4 i-^erceirb 
larger tban the 1946-50 level, riven thou.-h the denE.nu for .rr.eat has been 
relatively stron.,:, espcrially in the United States, the Luerease in 
supplies for rc'^ent years has been beloxv population ; ains. The per capita 
consur'.jption for this area du.rin3 1933 T.'as about 5 per'-ent belov; the 1946-50 
level, Burinc 1953 the per capita cor:oUi-iptio.n ra.n.-;ed from 39 pounds in 
hexico to 144 pounds in the United otatesa 

In the Ziurouean countries the 193.3 supplies of meat erceeded 1931 by 
6 percent and the 1945-50 averape \ y 30 per:v3nt. These larpor supplies 
have resulted from substa.ntial i:":cr;;ases in production above the early post- 
v.'ar lovj. The large increase in 'jrouuction was partially offset by an 
|cippreciabls decline in net i;.ipcrts, Iloivever, per- !:-^.pi+-'^ consuipption in 
Uurope during 1952 ..'as probably 4 percent greater than 1951 and more than 



. 10 ■'•)ercent greater tiian t.,[e 1943 



.0 average B .'Duriag 1958 the per capita 



ccnsumption by coantries in trds area ranged frn.ai. 25 pou'icis in Greece to 
108 rounds in Denmarh, 



In the So uth ijierican countries the 1932 cojisU::iption of meat exceeded 
1951 by 5 percent and tlie 1946-50 average by 12 rercent. These increases 
ma^' be attributed to a substantial decline in exportable surpluses from 
the .■j^.-entine and a corresponding increase in domestic oonsuiuption 



1/ suiiiiDary of ti 
of 3'crei''n Crous and Uarkets, 



,.3 published in the ^JAgust- 31, 19t)3 issue 
;ee ta'i-le for countries i.i:cluded. 



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acconpanied by appreciable increases in neat production in Brazil and 
Uruguay, Per ^capita consuiiption in these countries during 1952^ ranging 
from 57 pounds in Braail to 24o pounds in Uru£;uay, possibly averaged 5 per- 
cent above the 1946-50 level* 

In Oceaina t!:e supplies ofnsat channeled into doraestic outlets during 
recent years have been about equal to ^ai^isin population, .additional increases 
in production have permitted increases in exportable surpluses from this area. 
During 1952 the per -capita consumption of r.ieat totaled 208 pounds for .lustralia 
and 220 pounds f or 1 ei; Zealand, 

Per-Capita Consumption by ^ Countries 

The per capita consuiiiptioh of meat continued during; 1952 at a high level 
in those countries vjhere meat production is v;ell ai)ove domestic requirements 
and priced favorably i-ith other foods. During 1952 per' capita consumption 
e;:eeeded 200 pounds in 4 countries - Uruguay, .Argentina, Nexv Zealand and 
.•Australia, rangin.3 dovjnvjard from 243 pounds in Uruguay to 208 pounds in 
.Australia, Per capita consumption at a high level varies considerably from 
year to year in this group of countries* 

relatively high level of per capita consumption (144 to 100) pounds 
prevailed during 1952 in 5 countries. These countries in that order vjere the 
United States, Canada, remv.ark, France and Siveden, The trend during recent 
years in per capita consumption has been dor/nrrard in these countries except 
for France and ii/eden. 

The per capita consumption during 1952 ranged from 99 pounds to 50 pounds 
in 14 of the countries (mostly "uropean) included in the accom.panying table. 
Generally, the available supplies of meat in these countries have increased 
during recent years at a rate substantially above population gains. The 
largest increase in supplies for this group has occurred in European coun- 
tries as a result of an increase in meat production from an early postxvar 
Ic;, jUren v.'ith some tendency tovjards a leveling off of production in some 
of tliose coujitries the available supplies for the group are lilcely to 
increase at a rate above population gains at least for another year or two. 

Per capita consumption during 1952 continued below 50 pounds in 4 coun- 
tries, lortural, Tenico, Italy and Greece, The available meat supplies have 
incresssd during recent years at a rate e^cceediug population gains in only 
one of these countries, Italy, 

Per Capita Consumption byT y;pe of Meat 

The total supplies of meat available for consumption' in the specified' 
countries durin>-; l;-52 consisted of about 52 percent beef, 41 percent pork, 
and 7 percent mutton. These proportions and consequently the per capita 
consuiiption of the different types of meat vary greatly from country to 
country. 



In Uruguay about 72 percent of tlie total per capita eonsuiription of 
neat 'jas beef in contrast to 63 percent as pork for DenrAarlc, Beef accounts 
for a very large share of the total meat consuiiied per capita in 7 countries 
inclucling Uruguay, -jr^^entina, Brazil, Union of ocuth ..friea, Australia and 
New lealand. In cost of the remaining countries (except Itenriark) beef and 
pork, combined on .^ore of an equable basis, account for the larger share of 
meat consumed. 

During; 1952 the per capita consumption of pork -.'as equal to or e::ceeded 
beef in 50 percent of the countries viheve comparable data were available; 
while pork e:::eeeded beef in only 25 percent of these same countries during 
the 1945-50 period and 33 percent prior to "or Id ar II, This shift to 
larger supplies of pork has not been confined to ICrropeaii countries; a 
similar shift has also occurred during recent years in both the United 
States and Canada, 



Heat l/'. Per Capita Consumptioj^, by types, in sjpecified 
countries in 1952, uith. comparison 







:.verar:e 


19.- 


.-5-50 




: 1952 2/ 




. Beef 


: Pork 


: rut ton 






. Beef 


: lork 


:] utt on 




Country 


: and 


:{e:.:el 


: and 


: T 


otal 


• snd 


: ( e-cl 


! n lid 


: Total 




! Veal 


; lardj^ 


: Iamb 






; Veal 


la-'^d ) 


: T.'irnb 






Pounds 


il'ounc' s 


; Founds 


■> Pounds 


'Pounds 




Pound s 


Ponnds 


Canada 


70 


: 55 




4 


•3/ 


134! 


: 52 


; 62 


! 2 


5/ 123 


United -States 


: 73 


: 59 




5 




147 


68 


: 72 


4 ■ 


~" 144 


Belgium ; 


35 


: 33 




2 


:4/ 


85- 


41 


42 


: 1 


^i/ 91 


Deniiiark 


48 : 


70 




2 


:5/ 


126 


36 


58 


; 1 


15/ 108 


Finland 


S4 


28 




3 


57- 


26 


29 


: . 3 ' 


5/ 60 


France ! 


49 , 


36 




6 


'2/' 


94: 


53 


42 


. 6 


5] 105 


Ireland 


37 • 


44 




13 


94: 


35 


42 


13 


90 


HetherlaEds : 


on 

27 


27 




1 


:5/ 


58 


; 34 ■ 


40 


1 ' 


5/ 78 


NoCTJay : 


28 


24 




10 


:5/ 


64: 


29 


27. 


11 


5/' 69 


Siveden I 


41 . 


50 




1 


:5/ 


96; 


40 : 


55 


1 


5/ 100 


Switzerland : 


42 J 


34 




1 


15/ 


79 


44 


44: 


1 : 


5/ 91 
—J 


United ICiagdom ; 


43 ' 


17 




24 


;!/ 


99: 


33 


37: 


22 : 


Z[ 96 


xiTgentina 


194 ■ 


19 




19 




232: 


202 


14' 


14 


230 


Brazil 5/ ; 


40 


10 < 




1 






45 ! 


11' 


1 


7/ 57 


Chile : 


49 J 


10 




14 




73: 


42 ' 


10: 


11 • 


7/ 64 


Uruguay : 


14S ! 


5 




70 




218: 


174 : 


17: 


52 : 


243 


Union of ;3outh : 






















..vfriea : 


56 : 


7 


"7/ 


15 




78: 


52 : 


7: 


1/ 15 : 


74 


Australia : 


115 : 


22 




59 




212: 


123 : 


17; 


54 : 


3/ 208 


Nevj Zealand 8/ : 


107 : 


33 




71 


♦ 


211: 


115 : 


28: 


77 : 


220 



T7 Carcass meat-ercludes edible offal, lard, rabbit and poultry meato 
2_/ Prelir.iinary . 3/ Total includes canned meat, 4/ Total includes goat, 
horse and canned meat, 5/ Total includes goat and horse meat* 6/ j^iccludes 
farm production and consui^ption* 7/' Includes goat m.eat. 8/ Year ended 
:3eptenber 30, 



Foreign .^igricult ural GervicOo Prepared or estimated from, official statistics 
of foreign governments, reports of united States Foreign Service officers, 
and other information, — .lUgust 19536 



MEAT* PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA 



SPECIFIED COUNTRIES 

PRODUCTION PER CAPITA IN POUNDS 
100. 200 300 400 500 600 



NEW 
ZEALAND 

URUGUAY 
DENMARK 



y/////////////////////////////////////A 



AUSTRALIA yfy^^y^y^^^/y^ 
ARGENTINA W///////^^^^^^ 



UNITED : 
STATES 

CANADA- 
IRELAND 
FRANCE 

NETHERLANDS 

SWEDEN 

BELGIUM 

SWITZERLAND 

UNITED 
KINGDOM 

MEXICO 



y///// //A 



V////A 





AV. 1946-50 
1952 



CONSUMPTION PER 
CAPITA IN POUNDS 

0. 100 200 300 



y///////////A 



V//////////A 




V//////////A 

y////////////A 




* 

U.S.D.A. 



CARCAS MEAT - EXCLUDES OFFAL. LARD, RABBIT AND POULTRY MEAT 

^NOT AVAILABLE 

FAS-NEG. 146