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state Solid 
Adopted By Board 

The Board of Health and Environmental Sciences formally 
adopted the proposed state solid waste management plan and 
the rules for the implementation of S.B. 175 at the board's 
September meeting. 

As directed by state law, the draft state plan as well as the pro- 
posed rules for Senate Bills 175 and 200 was circulated statewide 
for public review and comment. Senate Bill 175 provided for 
development of a state solid waste management plan and Senate 
Bill 200 provided for the development of a program to handle 
and dispose of wastes including hazardous wastes. 

Over 800 copies of these materials were distributed to local 
governments, governmental agencies and concerned citizens. In 
addition, five public hearings were held to solicit public com- 
ment. The final plan was prepared based on comments received 
during the public review period. 

Three particular areas of interest received the greatest atten- 
tion: the relationship of the state strategy to the state plan; 
the use of the Governor's Planning Regions; and the pay-back 
provision of the plan. 

The Preface of the state plan was expanded to provide a clear- 
er distinction between the state strategy and the plan. The 
strategy, which was the result of the solid waste management 
study conducted by the department, recommends a suggested 
least-cost configuration for areawide sanitary landfills and re- 
source recovery facilities. The plan does not require local govern- 
ments to adopt these suggested systems. It only provides techni- 
cal and financial assistance to local governments to develop the 
systems economically and politically acceptable to their area. 

The pay-back provision of the plan is required by House Bill 
708 which was the appropriation bill for S.B. 175. The house 
bill contains an amendment which says if money appropriated for 
a grant is spent for planning purposes and the planned project 
is constructed, the planning money shall be repaid, but if the 
planned project is not constructed, the grant does not need to 
be repaid. 

This requirement received the most severe criticism. Because 
of its statutory status, it can only be eliminated by the legislature. 
However, the Bureau is currently examining several suggestions 
which may minimize the impact of the pay-back provisions. 

In general, the draft state plan and rules were favorably re- 
ceived. With the adoption of the final plan by the Board of 
Health, the Bureau and local governments can begin working on 
development of local solid waste management plans. 



Rules Proposed 
For S.B. 200 

The Department of Health and Environmental Sciences has 
proposed rules to govern solid waste management systems state- 
wide. The rules provide uniform standards for the storage, treat- 
ment, recycling, recovery and disposal of solid wastes, including 
hazardous wastes and for the transport of hazardous wastes. 

The proposed rule received public comment from June 
through September of this year. 



The provisions of the rule include the classification of wastes 
and disposal sites into three groups. It also establishes criteria for 
the physical characteristics required of each type of site including 
soil type, permeability and water table. Operational requirements 
are also included. 

License Application to be Sent Out 

S.B. 200 provided for the licensing of solid waste management 
systems including storage, treatment, recycling, recovery or dis- 
posal of solid waste. The law states that "no person may dispose 
of solid waste without a license from the state" with the excep- 
tion of those disposing of waste on their own lands. 

The department shall furnish application forms and, with the 
approval of the local health officer, issue licenses. These forms 
will be mailed out within the next couple of months. 

According to the rules developed for S.B. 200, application 
forms will include: 1. Name and address of applicant; 2. Gen- 
eral and legal description of the system's location; 3. Total 
acreage involved; 4. Population served and proximity to popula- 
tion center; 5. Water quality, soils and geology information; 
6. Description of present uses of adjacent land and proposed use 
of land after disposal areas are closed; 7. Applicable zoning in- 
formation and 8. An operation and maintenance plan including: 
days and hours the site will be open for use; how access will be 
controlled; equipment to be used; how traffic will be directed 
and controlled; maintenance schedule; provision for litter control 
and types of waste to be accepted. 

Following receipt of application, the local health officer will 
be notified in writing within 15 days. If the license is issued, it 
must be validated by the local health officer. However, the 
health officer may refuse to validate the license if he finds the re- 
quirements of the law are not satisifed. In this case, the law con- 
tains provisions for appeal by the applicant. 



First Mate 
Becomes 
The Captain 

Duane Robertson, 36, is the new chief of the Solid Waste 
Management Bureau replacing Terry Carmody who resigned to 
become director for the Environmental Quality Council. He 
has worked with the Bureau since 1972 when he was hired to 
administer the Junk Vehicle Program. 

Duane graduated from Montana State University at Bozeman 
with a degree in animal science and worked for five years as Lake 
County sanitarian before joining the Bureau as one of its first 
staff members. 

Since he has worked closely with the former chief in devel- 
oping the Bureau's programs, Duane says the "ship will stay on 
the course it has been following." 

Duane and his wife, Barbara, have two girls: Darci, 7 and 
Jennifer, 8. 



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Forty- six on the 
Way To Local Plans 

To date, forty-six Letters of interest from local governments 
have been received by the Solid Waste Management Bureau. 
Those initial steps for applying for solid waste management plan- 
ning grants will be followed through with pre-application con- 
ferences. 

At the informal meetings between the Bureau and applicants, 
the steps to begin the planning and development of solid waste 
management plans will be reviewed and all interested parties will 
make at least a tentative choice of the members of the selection 
committee which will choose the planning consultant. 
Letters have been received from; 

South Central Montana including Carbon, Stillwater and 
Yellowstone Counties; 
Teton County and municipalities; 
Madison County and municipalities; 
North Central Montana including Hill and Choteau 
Counties, Havre and Big Sandy; 

5. Phillips County including the towns of Malta, Dodson 
and Saco; 

6. Valley County and municipalities; 

7. Richland County and municipalities; 

8. Blaine County; 

9. Sheridan, Daniels and Roosevelt Counties and munici- 
palities; 

10. Mineral, Missoula and Ravalli Counties and municipal- 
ities; 

n. Granite County and Drummond. 

Beware of Spills 
From the Bandwagon 

Solid Waste has become the new "bandwagon" with experts 
emerging from behind every garbage can. Systems, solutions and 
programs are being offered or proposed in increasing numbers. 

The Solid Waste Management Bureau can help local govern- 
ment officials get through the maze of information, identify the 
most appropriate material and avoid the danger of making de- 
cisions based on inadequate data. The Bureau has access to both 
state and national information retrieval systems, if the informa- 
tion required is not available in the Helena office. 

The following is a partial list of other services available from 
the Bureau which will assist local planning efforts in establishing 
new or more efficient waste management systems. Assistance 
for: 

1 . Development of applications for planning grants; 

2. Selection of appropriate planning consultants; 

3. Study of alternate waste management systems; 

4. Information on improved waste management practices 
such as collection, disposal, billing, accounting, routing, 
collection and disposal equipment. 

The Bureau will also help establish contact with other agencies 
and industries which can provide technical help such as the 
Workers Compensation Division, waste management consultants 
and waste marketing experts both in and out of state. 



from the 
MAILBOX 



Dear SWMB, 



I understand the Bureau has adopted some rules concerning 
the transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes. Can you tell 
me what the definition of hazardous wastes is? 



Dear Student, 



Signed : Student of language 



You will be disappointed in the definition used in the rules. It 
states "Any solid waste or combination of solid wastes shall be 
termed a hazardous waste if so classified or identified by the En- 
vironmental Protection Agency." You see, the problem is that 
EPA is working on this identification now and it should be an- 
nounced in the next several months. Therefore to insure com- 
plete consistency between the federal and state laws regarding 
hazardous waste, the Bureau decided it would be better to wait 
and use the EPA definition. 
Dear SWMB, 

In the last issue of Forward, you announced that Terry Car- 
mody was leaving. Who is the new Bureau chief? 



Dear Neighbor, 



Signed: Nosey Neighbor 



Duane Robertson is the new chief of the Solid Waste Manage- 
ment Bureau. A story in this issue introduces Duane. Take a 
minute to meet him. 
Dear SWMB, 

I attended a public hearing about the state plan. Whatever 
happened with the whole thing? 



Dear Meeting, 



Signed: Meeting goer 



The state plan and the rules for S.B. 1 75 were adopted by the 
Board of Health and Environmental Sciences. A great deal of 
public comment was received and reviewed for incorporation into 
the final plan prior to its adoption. The Bureau is very pleased 
with the interest shown. On the first page of this issue, some of 
the particular comments and suggestions are discussed. 
Dear SWMB, 

My mailbox is full of information about solid waste manage- 
ment lately. A lot of it is being put out by groups I 've never 
heard of. How can I judge its validity? 



Dear Skeptic, 



Signed: Skeptic 



You are right to be concerned. One of the Bureau's jobs is to 
help local governments and individuals who are seeking particular 
kinds of information. We either already have it or we know 
where to get it for you. We will put you in touch with sources 
which are respected in the field with years of experience. That's 
one guarantee of validity. A partial list of the Bureau's services 
are presented in this issue. Please call on us to help. 

Signed: The Staff of the Solid Waste 
Management Bureau 



► State Solid Waste Plan Adopted By Board 



State Department of Health 
and Environmental Sciences 
Helena, Montana 59601 



Second Class 
Postage Rate 
PAID 
Permit No. 096050 
Helena, MT 59601 



► Rules Proposed For S.B. 200 



► Duane Robertson New Bureau Chief