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12. (Amended) A superconducting combinationf^l^uding a superconductive 
composition having a transition temperature 

means for passing a superconducting electri£af current through said composition while 
said composition is at a temperature > 26°{<. and less than said transition temperature , 
and 

cooling mea^rC?6( cooling said composijtfon to a superconducting state at a temperature 
Tn excess of " " 

24. (Twice Amended) An apparatus comprising: 



a transition metal oxide having a phaf^herein which exhibits a superconducting state 

If 

at a critical temperature in excess oi 




means for maintaining the temperature of said material at a temperature less than said 
critical temperature to produce said superconducting state in said phase, and 



for passing an electriaal [supercuiwit] superconducting suff^nt through said 
transition metal oxide while it is in said supgrcooduet^^ 

34. fAmended^ A superconducting apparatus having a superconducting onset 
temperature in excess^^6^/thy<^niposition being compris2€Pdfa mixed copper 
oxide doped with an elempm chosferMolcreate] to result irr Cu 3+ ions in said 
coipp^sition and a means for passing a superconductind^cuiT^nt through said 
" superconducting composition . 



36.(Amended) A combination comprising: 

a composition having a superconducting onset temperature in excess of 26°K. said 



composition being comprised of a substituted coppenoxide exhibiting mixed valence 
states and at least one other element in its crystalline structure, means for passing a 
superconducting electrical current through said composition while said composition is 
at a temperature in excess of 26°K and less thar/ said superconducting onset 
temperature , and 

co^tifig means for cooling said composition/to a superconducting state at a temperature 
in excess of 26°K. 

38. (Amended) The combination of claim &3, where said at least one other element is 
an element which [creates] results in Cur + ions in said composition. 

39. (Amended) The combination [composition] of claim 36, where said at least one other 
element is an element chosen to [create] result in the presence of both Cu 2+ and Cu 3+ 
ions in said composition. 



4Q. (Twice Amended) An apparatus comprising superconductor exhibiting a 
superconducting onset at an onset temperature in excess of 26°K, said superconductor 
being comprised of at least fdur elements, none of which is itself superconducting at a 
tefnperature in excess of 26m . means for maintaining said superconductor at an 
operating temperature in excess of said onset temperature to maintain said 
superconductor in a supe/conducting state and means for passing current through said 
superconductor while ir/said superconducting state above 26 fi K_. 




42. (Amended) A apparatus having a superconducting onset temperature greater 26°K, 
said superconductor being a doped transition metal oxide, where said transition metal 
f is itself non-superconducting and means for passing a superconducting electric current 
threqgfTsaid composition . 



46. (Amended) An apparatus having a superconductor having a superconducting onset 





temperature greater than 26°K, said superconductor being an oxide having multivalent 
oxidation states and including a metal, said o*ide having a crystalline structure which is 
oxygen deficient a means for passing a superconducting electric current 
thredofTsaid superconductor . 

43. (Amended) A superconductive apparatus comprising a superconductive 
composition comprised ofaJransition metal oxide having substitutions therein, the 
lount of said substitutions being sufficient to produce sufficient electron-phonon 
interactions in said composition\hat said composition exhibits a superconducting onset 
at temperatures greater than 26° 



55.(Amended) A combination, comprising: 



°0 



a trans/Rota metal oxide having an superconducting onset temperature greater than 



about 




and having an oxygen deficiency, said transition metal being 



• — T7 

non-sujDer/Conducting at said superconducting onset temperature and said oxide having 
multivalent states, means for passing an electrical superconducting current through 
said oxide while said oxide is at a temperature greater than 26°K, and 




T§ans for cooling said qxide in a superconducting state at a temperature 
greater than 26°K. 



57. (Amended) A combination including; 



0 



a superconducting oxide having ar superconducting onseUemperSture in excess of 

/ ele-me^O' 

26°K and containing at least 3 [npn-superconducting elements] which are 

/ I ^ 

non-superconducting at said onset temperature . 




means for passing a [supercurirent] superconducting current through said oxide while 
said oxide is maintained at a temperature greater than 26°K, and 



means for maintaining said oxide in a superconducting stated a temperature greater 
than 26° K and less than said superconductive onset temiferature . 



58. (Amended) A combination, comprised of: 

a copper oxide superconductor having a/superconductor onset temperature greater 
than about 26- K. including an elemenr which [creates] results in a mixed valent state in 
said oxide, said oxide being crystalline and having a layer-like structure, 

means for passing a [superourrent] superconducting current through said copper oxide 
while it is maintained at snemperature greater than 26°K and less than said 
supejg^nduc^ onse^temperature . and 



means for cooling said copper oxide to a superconductive state at a temperature 
greater tha/ 26°K and less than said superconducting onset temperature . 



59. (Amended) A combination, comprised of: 



[superconducting cerami 
onset temperature in excess of 




e] material having an onset of superconductivity at [a] an 

A 



means for passings fsupercurrent] a s\iperconductino^lectric current jthrouoh said 

[superconducting ceramic-like]/material while said\[ceramic-like] material is maintained 

/ / \ \ A 7 

at a temperature in excess^tf 26°K. and less Than said onset temperature , and 




means for cooling^aid superconducting [ceramic-like] material to a superconductive 
state at a temperatur^greater than 26°K and less than /aid onset temperature, said 
Material being supercon^bictive at tempferatures belo^ said onset temperature and"a 
ranr^ aboWsaid onse^^mpefature. 

64. (Amended) A combination, comprising: 



a mixed copper oxide composition having enhanced polaron formation, said 
composition including an element causing said copper io have a mixed valent state in 
said composition, said composition further having a ^started octahedral oxygen 
environment leading to a T greater than 26°K., 



means for providing a [supercurrent] superconducting current through said composition 
at temperatures greater than 26°K and less thj/n said TV . and 



cooling means for cooling said composition to a temperature greater than 26°K and less 
than sajd T. 



69. (Amended) A superconductive combination, comprising: 



a superconducting composition exhibiting a superconducting transition temperature 
greater than 26°K, said composition being a transition metal oxide having a distorted 
orthorhombic crystalline structure/ and 



ans for passing a superconducting electrical current through said composition while 
said composition is at a temperature greater than 26°K and less than said 
superconducting transition temperature . 



\ 

\ 



77. (Amended) A combination, comprising: 



a mixed copper oxide composition including an alkaline eartn 3lement (AE) and a rare 
earth or rare earth-like element (RE), said composition having a layer-like crystalline 
"structure and multi-valent oxidation states, said composition exhibiting a substantially 
z!ero resistance to the flow of electrical current therethrough when cooled to a 
superconducting state at a temperature in excels of 26°K, said mixed copper oxide 
having a superconducting onset temperature greater than 26 fl K and electrical means 
fcjppa^sing an electrical [super-current] superconducting current through said 
composition when said composition e^nibits substantially zero resistance at a 
temperature greater than 26°K andAessthan said onset temperature . 

84. (Amended) A superconducting combination, comprising: 

a mixed transition metal oxide composition containing a non-stoichiometric amount of 
oxygen therein, a transition metal and ay least one additional element, said composition 
heaving substantially zero resistance to /he flow of electricity therethrough when cooled . 
to a superconducting state at a temperature greater than 26°K, said mixed transition 
metal oxide has a superconducting pnset temperature in excess of 26 a K and 




electrical means for passing an electrical [supercurrent] superconducting current 

gh said composition wheirsaid composition is in said superconducting state at a 
temperature greater than 26°K, and less than said superconducting onset temperature . 



86. (Twice Amended) An apparatus comprising: 



a composition including a transitioi 
alkaline earth element, and oxygen 
[metla] / 



r metal, a rare earth or rare earth-like element, an 
, where said composition is a mixed transition 



V 




metal oxide having a non-stoichiometric amount of oxygen therein and exhibiting a 
superconducting [state at a] onset temperature gre/ter than 26°K, 

means for maintaining said composition in said superconducting state at a temperature 
"greater than 26°K and less than said superconducting onset temperature . and 

ns for passing an electrical current through said composition while said 
composition is in said superconducting stati 



109. (Added) A superconductive apparatus ofomprising a composition having a 
transition temperature greater than 26°K, tbre composition including a rare earth or 
alkaline earth element, a transition metayelement capable of exhibiting multivalent 
states and oxygen, including at least one phase that exhibits superconductivity at 
temperature in excess of 26°K means/for maintaining said composition at said 
t&mperature to exhibit said superconductivity and means for passing an electrical 
superconducting current through ^aid composition while exhibiting said 
superconductivity. 






0. (Added) The combfnatign of claim 15, where said additional element is rare earth 
or alkaline earth element. 

111. (Added) A device comprising a superconducting transition metal oxide having a 
superconductive onset temperature greater than 26°K , said superconducting transition 
metal oxide being a^a^lemper^tyre l^ss than said superconducting onset temperature 
and having a superconduting current flying therein. 

112. (Added) A device comprising a superconducting copper oxide having a 
su&er6onductive onset temperature greater than 26°K, said superconducting copper 



8 



# 



oxide being at a temperature less than said superconducting onset t§prfperature and 
having a superconduting current flowing therein. 

113. (Added) A device comprising a superconducting oxk}& composition having a 
Superconductive onset temperature greater than 26°K/said superconducting copper 
oxide being at a temperature less than said supepdonducting onset temperature and 
having a superconduting current flowing therem, said composition comprising at least 
one each of rare earth, an alkaline earthy^nd copper, 

114. (Added) A device comprising/a superconducting oxide composition having a 
superconductive onset temperature greater than 26°K , said superconducting copper 
oxjffeTDeing at a temperaturVJess than said superconducting onset temperature and 
having a superconduting /Current flowing therein, said composition comprising at least 
one each of a group MLB element, an alkaline earth, and copper. 



115. (Added^ A device comprising a transition metal oxide having a T c greater than 
26°K carryingVa superconducting current. 

116. (Added) Arvapparatus comprising a transition metal oxide having a T c greater than 
26°K carrying a suWconducting current. 

117. (Added) A structure/comprising a transition metal oxide having a T c greater than 
-26°K canyipg-a- superconducting currei/t. 

J>67 (Added) An invention comprising a transition metal oxide having a T c greater than 
26°K carrying a superconducting current. 

119. (Added) A deviae comprising a copper oxide having a T c greater than 26°K 
carrying a superconducting current. 



120. (Added) An apparatus\omprising a copper oxide having a T c greater than 26°K 
carrying a superconducting current. 



(Added) A structure comprising a copper oxide having a T c greater than 26°K 
rying a superconducting current. 



122. (Added) An inventionycomprising a copper oxide having a T c greater than 26°K 
carrying a superconducting current. 




123(Added). A superconductive app^r^tus comonsing: 
a composition of the formula Sa£^^ug^r ^vherei 





therein x is from about 0.75 to about 1 

^and 

/y is the oxygen deficiency resulting from ^(finealing said composition at temperatures 
f(om about 

540°C to about 950°C and for times gfabout 15 minutes to about 12 hours, said 
composition 

having a metal oxide phase whic|/exhibits a superconducting state at a critical 
temperature in 
excess of 26°K; 

a means for maintainiprfil the temperature of said composition at a temperature less 

lan 

said critkjaHemperati^ to induce said superconducting state in said metal oxide 
pha^r^nd 

a means for passing an electrical current through said composition while said 
metal oxide 

phase is in sqfti superconducting state. 

124. (Added) A device comprising a composition of matter having a T c greater than 
26°K carrying a superconducftng current, said composition comprising at least one 
each of a NIB element, an alkaf^ie earth, and copper oxide. 

125. (Added) A strtjctu e comprising a composition of matter having a T c greater than 
26°K carrying a supercsnducting current, said composition comprising at least one 
each of a rare earthXs n alkaline earth, and copper oxide. 

125. (Added) A structi re comprising a composition of matter having a T c greater than 
26°K carrying a superconducting current said composition comprising at least one 
ch of a IIIB element, an\alkaline earth, and copper oxide. 

26. (Added) A structure comprising a composition of matter having a T c greater than 
'26°K carrying a supelconducung current, said composition comprising at least one 
each of a rare earth , and copper oxide. 



127. (Added) A struc 
26°K carrying a supe 



ure comprising a composition of matter having a T c greater than 
conducting current, said composition comprising at least one 



each of a IIIB elemer t, and copper oxide 



128. (Added) Atrar 
superconducting cun 



sition metal oxide comprising a T c >26°K and carrying a 

;ent. 



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