Skip to main content

Full text of "USPTO Patents Application 08479810"

See other formats


REMARKS 

Reconsideration is respectfully requested in view of any changes to the claims and the 
remarks herein. Please contact the undersigned to conduct a telephone interview in 
accordance with MPEP 713.01 to resolve any remaining requirements and/or issues prior 
to sending another Office Action. Relevant portions of MPEP 713.01 are included on the 
signature page of this amendment. 



Claims 361 to 410 are added. These added claims correspond to the existing claims 
according to the following table. 



Added claim 


Corresponding original claim 


361 


1 


362 


2 


363 


6 


364 


7 


365 


8 


366 


9 


367 


17 


368 


19 


369 


23 


370 


32 


371 


52 


372 


53 


373 


58 


374 


59 


375 


65 


376 


72 


377 


73 


378 


75 


379 


77 


380 


80 


381 


82 


382 


94 


383 


96 


384 


97 


385 


98 


386 


103 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 110 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




387 


104 


388 


144 


389 


149 


390 


150 


391 


151 


392 


156 


393 


187 


394 


165 


395 


166 


396 


170 


397 


171 


398 


175 


399 


176 


400 


180 


401 


181 


402 


240 


403 


241 


404 


242 


405 


247 


406 


248 


407 


256 


408 


257 


409 


261 


410 


262 


411 


266 


412 


267 


413 


272 



The new claims are the same as the corresponding existing claim with the following 
changes. 

"Layer-like" is changed to "comprising a layered characteristic" 
"Perovskite like" is changed to "comprising a perovskite characteristic" 
"Rare earth like" is changed to "comprising a rare earth characteristic" 
"Layer type" is changed to "comprising a layered characteristic" 

This change has been made to avoid the formal rejection of the claims under 35 USC 112 
for indefiniteness with the terms "Layer-like", "Perovskite like", Rare earth like" and "Layer 
type". As stated in the prosecution of this and the parent application these are terms well 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 111 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



know to persons of skill in the art. However, as noted by the Examiner the MPEP formally 
objects to term so this type as indefinite. "Comprising a layered characteristic" is to be 
understood to mean what a person of skill in the art understands "layer-like" to mean. 
"Comprising a perovskite characteristic" is to be understood to mean what a person of 
skill in the art understands "perovskite like" to mean. "Comprising a rare earth 
characteristic" is to be understood to mean what a person of skill in the art understands 
"rare earth like" to mean. "Comprising a layered characteristic" is to be understood to 
mean what a person of skill in the art understands "Layer type" to mean. 

Notwithstanding these added claims 361-413 the terms "Layer-like," "Perovskite like," 
"Rare earth like," and "Layer type" are accepted by the USPTO as definite under 35 USC 
1 1 2. This is clearly shown by the following list of US Patents which use these terms. This 
is clear and convincing evidence that the USPTO considers there terms as definite under 
35 USC 112. Each patent numbers followed by a representative claim with the identified 
term in bold and underlined. 

i 

THE FOLLOWING IS A LIST OF ISSUED US PATENTS FOLLOWED BY A CLAIM 
THEREFROM USING THE TERM " perovskite-like " 

US6559469 

1 . A transistor comprising a first source/drain, a second source/drain, a channel, a gate 
electrode, and a layered superlattice material located between said gate electrode and 
said channel, said layered superlattice material comprising a material having the formula 
A1 w i+a1 A2w2+a2 . . . +Aj W j+aj S1 x i+s1 S2x2 s2 . . . Sk xk +sk B1 y1 +b1 B2y2+b2 . . . Bl y i+bl Qz^, 
where A1 , A2 . . . Aj represent A-site elements in a perovskite-like structure, S1 , S2 . . . 
Sk represent superlattice generator elements, B1 , B2 . . . Bl represent B-site elements in 
a perovskite-like structure, Q represents an anion, the superscripts indicate the valences 
of the respective elements, the subscripts indicate the average number of atoms of the 
element in the unit cell, and at least w1 and y1 are non-zero. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 112 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




US5863869 

5. The structure of claim 1 . where said superconducting film exhibits a perovskite-like 
crystallographic structure. 

US5563331 

1 . A magnetoresistive sensor having a layer system comprising at least two layers, 
including: 

• a first layer; and 

• a second layer; 

wherein each of said first and second layers comprises a sensor material that possesses 
a perovskite-like crystal structure and exhibits an increased magnetoresistive effect, 
such that the sensor material of each of said first and second layers has a composition 
based on (Ai)i- X (A2) x MnO z , wherein A1 is a trivalent constituent which is selected from a 
group of the lanthanides including lanthanum (La), or from yttrium (Y), wherein A2 is a 
bivalent constituent selected from a group of alkaline-earth metals, or from lead (Pb), and 
wherein: 

• 0.1 <=x<=0.9 and 2.0<=z<=3.5; 

wherein the sensor material of the second layer of the layer system differs, in terms of 
proportion and/or element of at least one of its constituents A1 , A2, Mn, and O, from the 
sensor material of the first layer of the layer system, a temperature correlation of the 
electrical resistance of the sensor materials of said first and second layer being different 
and compensating at least partly for one another so that the temperature correlation of the 
electrical resistance of the layer system is reduced with respect to a temperature 
correlation of the electrical resistance of each individual layer. 

US6582972 

1 . A method of fabricating a thin film of layered superlattice material in an integrated 
circuit comprising the steps of: 

• providing a precursor containing metal moieties in effective amounts for forming a 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 113 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




layered superlattice material upon heating said precursor; 

• wherein the layered superlattice material may be represented under the formula: 
A1 w i+a1 A2w2+a2. . . Aj W j+aj S1 x i+s1 S2x2+s2. . . Sk xk +sk B1 y i+b1 B2y2+b2. . . 
Blyt+bl Qz q 

where A1 , A2 . . . Aj represents A-site elements in the perovskite-like structure, S1 , S2 . . . 
Sk represent superlattice generator elements; B1, B2 . . . Bl represent B-site elements in 
the perovskite-like structure; and Q represents an anion; 

• applying said precursor to a substrate to form a precursor thin film; and exposing 
said precursor thin film to a substance selected from the group consisting of: (a) a 
strong oxidizing agent; and (b) oxygen under pressure; to from a metal oxide thin 
film. 

US6362503 

US6638895 

1 . A method of fabricating high aspect ratio ceramic structures, comprising providing a 
perovskite o r perovskite-like crystalline material; exposing a selected portion of the 
crystalline material to a high energy ion beam for a time sufficient to cause the crystalline 
material contacted by the ion beam to have substantially parallel columnar defects, and 
thereafter etching selected portions of the material having substantially parallel columnar 
defects leaving material with and without substantially parallel columnar defects in a 
predetermined shape having high aspect ratios of not less than 2 to 1 . 

US4887186 

1 . A multi-layered dielectric element which comprises a multi-layered unit including a 
plurality of dielectric layers formed of a perovskite oxide capable of sintering at a 
temperature of from 900° to 1 1 00° C. and a plurality of internal electrode layers which are, 
respectively, sandwiched between adjacent dielectric layers so that the respective 
internal electrode layers have exposed portions which allow contact with external 
electrodes, said internal electrodes layers being each made of at least one conductive 
composite oxide of La, Ba and Cu having a perovskite-like structure wherein the atomic 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 114 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




ratios of the metals are such that (La+Ba)/Cu=1 and La/Ba=4, or at least one conductive 
composite oxide of La, Sr and Cu having a perovskite-like structure wherein the atomic 
ratios of the metals are such that (La+Sr)/Cu=1 and La/Sr=3 or 4, said unit being sintered 
at a temperature of from 900° to 1 100° C. 

US6635603 

7. A crystalline single phase composition having a Perovskite-like structure, exhibiting 0 
electrical resistance at a temperature of 72° K. or above, having the formula M'M 2 Cu 3 
0 9 -d wherein M 1 is Y, La, Eu, or Lu; M is Ba or a mixture of Ba and Sr; and d is at least 1 
and is a value that provides the composition with 0 electrical resistance at a temperature 
of 72° K. or above. 

US5739086 

1 . A method of preparing a biaxially textured laminate article comprising the steps of: 

• a. providing a substrate having a biaxially textured Ag surface; 

• b. depositing onto said surface of said substrate an epitaxial buffer template layer 
of ReBCO using a pulsed laser deposition technique at a temperature in the range 
of about 600° C. to about 700° C, and at an oxygen pressure in the range of about 
50 mTorr to about 300 mTorr; and, 

• c. depositing onto said buffer template layer another epitaxial layer of 
perovskite-like material using a pulsed laser deposition technique. 

US5648114 

14. A method of fabricating an integrated circuit including a ferroelectric layered 
superlattice material containing at least three different metals, said layered superlattice 
material having alternating ferroelectric and non-ferroelectric layers, said method 
comprising the steps of: 

• providing a substrate; 

• depositing a thin film on said substrate utilizing a chemical vapor deposition 
process, said thin film including said at least three different metals in effective 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 115 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




amounts for yielding said ferroelectric layered superlattice material having the 
formula A1 w i+a1 A2w2+a2 . . . Aj wj +aj S1 x i+s1 S2x2+s2 . . . Sk X k+sk B1 y i+b1 
B2 y2 +b2 . . . Blyi+bl Q z " 2 , where A1 , A2 . . . Aj represent A-site elements in a 
perovskite-like structure, S1 , S2 . . . Sk represent superlattice generator elements, 
B1 , B2 . . . Bl represent B-site elements in said perovskite-like structure, Q 
represents an anion, the superscripts indicate valences of the respective elements, 
the subscripts indicate an average number of atoms of the element in the unit cell, 
and at least w1 and y1 are non-zero, and wherein said A-site element comprises 
one or more elements from a group consisting of strontium, calcium, barium, and 
lead, said B-site element comprises one or more elements from a group consisting 
of titanium, tantalum, hafnium, tungsten, niobium zirconium, said superlattice 
generator element comprises one or more elements from a group consisting of 
bismuth, scandium, yttrium, lanthanum, antimony, chromium, and thallium, and 
said anion comprises an element from a group consisting of oxygen, fluorine, 
chlorine and hybrids thereof; and 
• heating said thin film to crystallize it into a layer of said layered superlattice 
material less than 1 micron thick. 

US5519234 

2. A ferroelectric memory as in claim 1 wherein said ferroelectric layered superlattice 
material comprises a material having the formula A1 w i+a1 A2w2+a2 . . . Aj wj +aj S1 x r s1 
S2x2+s2 . . . Skxk+sk B1 y1 +b1 B2 y2 +b2 . . . Bl y i+bl Q 2 ~ 2 , where A1 , A2 . . . Aj represent A-site 
elements in a perovskite-like structure, S1, S2 . . . Sk represent superlattice generator 
elements, B1 , B2 . . . Bl represent B-site elements in a perovskite-like structure, Q 
represents an anion, the superscripts indicate the valences of the respective elements, 
the subscripts indicate the average number of atoms of the element in the unit cell, and at 
least w1 and y1 are non-zero. 

US5389603 

1 . An article comprising a superconductive element comprising at least one 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page116of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



superconductive material having a perovskite-like crystal structure and nominal formula 
(Pb 2 A 2 Cu')BCu2 0 8 +.delta. with (A selected from the group consisting of Sr, Ba, Sr and 
Ba, Sr and Ca, and Sr, Ba and Ca; Cu' is selected from the group consisting of Cu, Ag, 
and Cu and Ag;) (B is selected from the group consisting of one or more RE and Ca, one 
or more RE and Sr, and one or more RE and Ca and Sr; where RE is Y and the elements 
of atomic number 57-71 ); wherein 0<=.delta.<=1 ; wherein divergence of the composition 
of the superconductive material from the nominal formula amounts of Pb, A, Cu', B, 
and/or Cu is at most about 1 0 atomic %; wherein associated with the crystal structure is 
an ab-plane, the crystal structure comprising a central crystal plane that comprises Cu 1 , 
and further comprising two Pb- and oxygen-containing crystal planes sandwiching the 
central plane, with all three said planes being parallel to the ab- plane; and wherein the 
composition is selected such that the superconductive material has a transition 
temperature of at least about 30K. 

US4980333 

1 . A composition comprising a perovskite-related layered oxide containing an 
interspathic polymeric oxide of an element selected from Groups IB, MB, IIIA, 1MB, IVA, 
IVB, VA, VB, VIA, VIIA and VINA of the Periodic Table. 

US4975415 

3. The method of claim 1 wherein the particles have a spinel or perovskite-like structure 
comprising: 

A x A'i- X By B'2-y D z O q 

wherein: 

• A and A' are each independently selected from lanthanum, yttrium, samarium, 
europium, gadolinium, dysprosium, holmium or mixtures thereof; 

• B and B' are each independently selected from barium, strontium-calcium, 
barium-strontium or barium-calcium; 

• D is selected from platinum, copper, silver, tin or mixtures thereof; 

• x is about 1 ; 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 117 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




• y is about 2; 

• z is about 3; and 

• q is 7-d, where d is between 0 and 1 . 
US6372519 

5. A method of making a semiconductor device, comprising: 

• providing an oxide containing substrate having a titanium layer formed thereon; 

• exposing at least a portion of said titanium layer to perovskite-tvpe metals in a 
manner that cause the perovskite-type metals to become incorporated into the 
titanium layer; and 

• heating the oxide containing substrate and titanium layer incorporated with the 
perovskite-type metals such that titanium in the titanium layer reacts with the oxide 
containing substrate to reduce the oxide containing substrate and to form a metal 
containing layer. 

58. A method of making a semiconductor device, comprising: 

• forming an overlayer with a plurality of metals that react to form perovs kite-like 
structures and at least one of the metals forms a metal silicide in a thermal reaction 
with silicon dioxide, wherein the overlayer is on and in contact with a silicon dioxide 
containing assembly on a substrate; 

• removing preselected portions of the overlayer; and 

• heating the overlayer. 

US6337991 

1. A temperature sensor structure comprising a single crystal substrate; 

• a buffer layer comprising Ce0 2 deposited over the substrate and YBCO deposited 
over the Ce0 2 buffer layer; and 

• an epitaxial thin film of an oxide material having a perovskite-like structure which 
undergoes a ferromagnetic phase transition. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 118 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



US6320213 

7. A semiconductor device, in accordance with claim 1 . wherein: 

• the first and second capacitor electrodes are metallic materials selected from a 
group of materials including aluminum group metals, tungsten group metals, 
platinum group metals, palladium group metals, ruthenium group metals, iridium 
group metals, rhenium group metals, rhodium group metals, gold group metals, 
silver group metals, copper group metals, conductive metal compounds, 
conductive perovskite like materials, reactive metals, doped silicon, and doped 
germanium. 

USRE36814 This patent is a reissue of patent US5661112 
US5916700 

1 . A solid oxide fuel cell air electrode composition comprising a perovskite-like crystal 
structure of the formula ABO3, wherein: 

• (a) the A-site consists of La, Ca, Ce and at least one lanthanide selected from the 
group consisting of Sm, Gd, Dy, Er, Y and Nd; 

• (b) the B-site consists of Mn; and 

• (c) the ration of A:B is from about 1:1 to about 1 .02:1 ; and Ce is present from about 
0.5 to about 2 atomic percent. 

US5661 112 This patent was reissued on Aug. 8 , 2000 as patent USRE36814 
1 . A superconductor comprising an A--B-Cu oxide film deposited on a metal film formed 
on a substrate, said A--B--Cu oxide containing elements A and B and Cu and O, the molar 
ratio of said elements A and B and Cu being in a range of [Figure] wherein the element A 
is one element selected from Tl, Bi, Pb, Y and lanthanum series elements (atomic number: 
57-71 ), and the element B is one element selected from the Group lla elements; and said 
metal film being a transition metal element selected from Pt, Au, Ag, Pd, Ni and Ti the 
composition A-B--Cu--0 of said oxide film being in the form of layered perovskite-like 
structure. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 119 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




US5340796 

1 . An article comprising material perovskite-like structure and of nominal composition 
X 2 +x M 4 -x Cu 3 Oio+0.5±.delta., where [x=p/q<0.4, and p and q are positive integers] 
0<=x0.4, X is Bi and Pb, M is Ca and Sr, the Pb/Bi ratio is at most 0.5, and the Ca/Sr ratio 
and the value of .delta, are selected such that said material manifests superconductivity 
at a temperature of 77K or above. 

US5213908 

9. The electrochemical cell according to claim 8 . wherein said metal oxide is a 
perovskite-like or a pyrochlore-like structure. 

US51 22505 

8. The process of claim 6 wherein the particles have a spinel, perovskite, or 
perovskite-like structure comprising: 
A x A'i-x By B'2-y D z O q 
wherein: 

• A and A 1 are each independently selected from lanthanum, yttrium, samarium, 
europium, gadolinium, dysprosium, holmium or mixtures thereof; 

• B and B' are each independently selected from barium, strontium-calcium, 
barium-strontium or barium-calcium; 

• D is selected from platinum, copper, silver, tin or mixtures thereof; 

• x is about 1 ; 

• y is about 2; 

• z is about 3; and 

• q is 7-d, where d is between 0 and 0.7. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 120 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



US5063202 

1 . The compound YBa2 Cm O10- wherein is such that said compound has a 
perovskite-like unit cell structure of approximately the following dimensions a=3.8.ANG., 
b=3.9.ANG., and c=13.55.ANG.. 

US4933317 

1 . Superconducting element comprising at least one superconductive composition, 
associated with the superconductive composition being a perovskite-like crystal 
structure comprising two inequivalent lattice sites (to be referred to as the A-site and 
B-site, respectively), the superconductive composition having the formula ABi0 3 -.delta., 
wherein A is Bai- X M x , where M is at least one monovalent element selected from the 
group consisting of K and Rb, with A and Bi occupying essentially only A-sites and B-sites, 
respectively, and wherein 0<=.delta..ltorsim.0.1 , and x has a value in the approximate 
range 0.2-0.24. 

US4921834 

1 . A process for preparing an oxide-superconductor which comprises preparing a starting 
material composed of at least one member selected from among a polycrystal of an 
La-M-Cu oxide system or a Y-M-Cu oxide system (wherein M is Sr, Ba or Ca) which is a 
composite oxide of a K 2 NiF 4 crystalline structure or a perovskite-like crystalline 
structure having a copper ion in the body center of the oxygen octahedron and a mixture 
having a stoichiometric composition ratio similar to that of the constituent elements of said 
composite oxide and a flux comprised of CuO having a melting point lower than that of 
said composite oxide, dissolving said starting material in said flux while maintaining the 
dissolution temperature at a value which is lower than the melting point of said composite 
oxide and causes said composite oxide to be dissolved in said flux, and growing a single 
crystal of said composite oxide from the resulting saturated flux solution which have been 
prepared by dissolution of said starting material. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 121 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




US4831006 

10. The method of claim 1 wherein said layered metal chalcogenide is a 
perovskite-related layered oxide 

1 1 . The method of claim 10 wherein said perovskite-related oxide is represented by the 
formula M m [A n -i B n 0 3n =1 ] wherein M is a charge-balancing interspathic cation, [A n -i B n 
0 3n +1 ] represents a perovskite-like layer, A is one or more metal atoms capable of 
occupying 12-coordinate sites, B is a metal atom capable of occupying 6-coordinate sites, 
m is greater than zero, n is greater than or equal to 2 and each layer comprises a cubic 
arrangement or corner-shared B06 octahedra with A occupying a 12-coordinated site in 
the center of each cube. 

US4596750 Published / Filed : 1986-06-24 / 1985-03-15 

7. A support tube according to claim 6 wherein said coating is electronically conductive 
and comprises a solid solution having a perovskite-like crystal structure that contains 
manganese. 

US4001371 

Published / Filed: 1977-01-04 / 1975-03-06 

1 . In a catalytic process for the removal from a gas flow of at least one material from the 
group, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides of the formula NO x , at 
elevated temperatures, the improvement comprising contacting said gas flow with a 
catalyst containing an active ingredient consisting essentially of a perovskite-like 
manganite of at least one rare earth element selected from the group consisting of La, Pr, 
and Nd in which the said rare earth element is partially replaced, in that the said 
manganite is of a composition represented by the atom formula REi- x M x Mn03 in which 
RE is at least one element selected from the group consisting of La, Pr, and Nd; M is at 
least one element selected from the group consisting of Na, K, and Rb in which x is from 
0.1 to 0.4 and in which the amount of any of the indicated cations may be reduced by up to 
about 15 atoms percent to accommodate vacancy structures. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 122 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



US3884837 

Published / Filed: 1975-05-20 / 1973-07-02 

1 . Catalyst containing an active ingredient consisting essentially of a perovskite-like 
manganite of at least one rare earth element selected from the group consisting of La, Pr 
and Nd in which the said rare earth element is partially replaced, characterized in that the 
said manganite is of a composition represented by the atom formula REi- x M x Mn0 3 in 
which RE is at least one element selected from the group consisting of La, Pr, and Nd; M 
is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Na, K, and Rb, in which x is 
from 0.1 to 0.4 and in which the amount of any of the indicated cations may be reduced by 
up to about 15 atom percent to accommodate vacancy structures. 

ii 

THE FOLLOWING IS A LIST OF ISSUED US PATENTS FOLLOWED BY A CLAIM 
THEREFROM USING THE TERM " layered type " 

US6217158 

1 . A layered type ink jet recording head comprising: 

• at least one actuator unit and at least one ink supply unit coupled together; 

• said actuator unit including: 

• an elastic plate, made of piezoelectric material, having a first common 
electrode formed on a first side of said elastic plate and a at least one drive 
electrode formed in a deformable region on a second side of said elastic 
plate; 

• a spacer having a first side which is directly sealingly covered by said elastic 
plate; and a second covering member which sealingly covers a second side 
of said spacer, said spacer having a hollow interior, said spacer along with 
said elastic plate and said second covering member, defining a pressure 
generating chamber, said drive electrode being disposed within said 
deformable region and above said pressure generating chamber, said 
second covering member including a first through hole which connects said 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 123 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



pressure generating chamber to a first portion of said ink supply unit and a 
second through-hole which connects said pressure generating chamber to 
a second portion of said ink supply unit; 

• wherein said first portion of said ink supply unit includes a common ink chamber 
and an ink supply port which connects said first through hole to said common ink 
chamber; 

• wherein said second portion of said ink supply unit includes a discharge orifice and 
an ink discharge through-hole which connects said second through-hole to said 
discharge orifice of said second portion which receives ink from said pressure 
generating chamber in order to discharge an ink droplet, said ink originating in said 
common ink chamber; and 

• wherein said deformable region of said elastic plate includes at least one curved 
portion which faces said pressure generating chamber. 

US5912526 

1 . A layered-type piezoelectric element for producing a pressure fluctuation within a 
cavity of an ink jet print head to eject the ink from the cavity, the lavered-tvpe 
piezoelectric element comprising: 

• piezoelectric ceramic layers; and 

• internal electrode layers stacked in a stacked direction alternately with said 
piezoelectric ceramic layers to form a stacked body, the internal electrode layers 
including an odd-numbered electrode layer group and an even-numbered 
electrode layer group; 

• wherein elongated holes that are elongated in an elongation direction 
perpendicular to the stacked direction extend in the stacked direction through a 
central portion of the stacked body, the elongated holes defining therebetween a 
plurality of actuator portions that extend in the elongation direction and that are 
attached at both ends in the elongation direction to other portions of the stacked 
body, portions of each layer of the odd-numbered electrode layer group being in 
opposition in the stacked direction with portions of each layer of the 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 1 24 of 1 49 Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



even-numbered electrode layer group at least at the actuator portions of the 
stacked body. 

US6320262 

2. A semiconductor device comprising: 

• a bonding pad; 

• a first metal layer including a plurality of separate sections each individually 
connected to said bonding pad; 

• a second metal layer including a single section connected to a circuit block; and 

• plural aluminum wirings respectively connected between said plurality of separate 
sections of said first metal layer and said single section of said second metal layer, 

• wherein said first metal layer and said second metal layer are formed in respective 
layers of a multiple-layered type device and wherein said plural aluminum 
wirings have a length equal to or shorter than Blech Length. 

US5248572 

1 . A lavered-tvpe manganese dry battery comprising a plurality of unit cells stacked one 
above another to form a cell stack, each unit cell comprising: 

• a positive electrode composition, formed in a pellet shape, consisting essentially of 
manganese dioxide, conductive material, and electrolyte; 

• a separator of a cup-like shape surrounding the positive electrode composition, 
said separator absorbing and holding the electrolyte by itself; and 

• a zinc-carbon bonded electrode made of a conductive carbon coat integrally 
bonded to a flat zinc negative electrode facing the positive electrode composition 
so as to sandwich the separator therebetween, the zinc-carbon bonded electrode 
being provided with protrusions on the surface of the conductive carbon coat 
formed on the outer surface of the flat zinc negative electrode, wherein the 
protrusions formed on the surface of the conductive carbon coat have a height of 
0.05 to 0.15 mm. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 1 25 of 1 49 Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



US51 73384 

1 . A lavered-tvpe organic electrophotographic photoreceptor in which a charge 
generating layer containing organic charge generating material and a charge transporting 
layer containing organic charge transporting material are constructed on an 
electroconductive support, characterized in that the photoreceptor has a value n of not 
greater than 0.5 in the following equation (1) of an approximated straight line obtained by 
plotting both the electric field of from 1 x1 0 5 V/cm to 5x1 0 5 V/cm and the quantum yield in 
a logarithmic scale: 
n=n 0 E n ( 1) 

where n represents a quantum yield as the whole photoreceptor, E represents an electric 
field of from 1 x1 0 5 V/cm to 5x1 0 5 V/cm, and n 0 represents a constant determined by said 
approximation, and specific to the photoreceptor, that a film thickness of said charge 
transporting layer is from about 30 to 60 urn (micrometer) and that said organic charge 
generating material comprises at least one material selected from the group consisting of 
azo dyes, phthalocyanine dyes, quinacridone dyes, perylene dyes, polycyclic quinone 
dyes, indigo dyes, benzoimidazole dyes, pyrylium salts, thiapyrylium salts, and 
squarylium salt pigments. 



US5131072 

37. A neuron computer, comprising: 

• an input layer; and 

• at least one intermediate layer comprising an analog neuron processor operatively 
connected to said input layer; and 

• at least one output layer operatively connected to said analog neuron processor, 
thereby forming a layered type network. 



US5044732 

1 . A liquid-crystal display device comprising: 

• a double-lavered-tvpe liquid-crystal cell that is composed of a first cell layer and a 
second cell layer, said cell containing liquid-crystal molecules with a twisted 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 1 26 of 1 49 Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




nematic orientation therein and 

• a voltage-applying means in one of the first and second cell layers, 

• wherein the angle of twist of the liquid-crystal molecules in the first cell layer is 
opposite to that of twist of the liquid-crystal molecules in the second cell layer, said 
angle of twist of the liquid-crystal molecules in each of the first and second cell 
layers being in the range of 180° to 360°, and the orientation of the liquid-crystal 
molecules in the first cell layer in the vicinity of the second cell layer is at right 
angles to that of the liquid-crystal molecules in the second cell layer in the vicinity 
of the first cell layer, wherein 

.DELTA. n 2 d 2 <0.85.DELTA.ni di, 

• wherein the relationship between the pitch p of twist of the liquid-crystal molecules 
in the cell layer that has the voltage-applying means therein and the thickness d of 
the liquid-crystal layer in the said cell layer is as follows: 

.theta./2.pi.-1/4 

• wherein .theta. is the angle of twist of the liquid-crystal molecules. 
US6667110 

15. A cord according to claim 13 , of the layered type , with a structure (X+Y+Z), 
consisting of a core of X wire(s) surrounded by at least a first layer of Y wires, itself 
possibly surrounded by a second layer of Z wires, preferably with X ranging from 1 to 4, Y 
from 3 to 12, and Z from 8 to 20, depending on the case. 

US5869846 

5. The superconducting junction device according to claim 1 , wherein Josephson currents 
of the Josephson junctions are coupled in anti-phase and the Josepson junctions are 
connected in series by adjacently disposing two lavered-tvpe Josephson junctions 
across a coupling portion and each layered-type Josephson junction is formed by 
laminated-type a lower electrode, a barrier layer of a dielectric or a conductor, and an 
upper electrode. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 127 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



US5825080 

5. A multi-lavered type semiconductor apparatus comprising: a plurality of 
semiconductor devices, each of said semiconductor devices formed on a semiconductor 
substrate, said plurality of semiconductor devices laminated in a direction of thickness of 
each of said semiconductor substrates, 

• wherein each of said plurality of semiconductor devices comprises: 

• said semiconductor substrate having two surfaces opposing to each other 
and having a circuit including a transistor having a plurality of electrodes, 
said circuit formed on at least one of said two surfaces; 

• insulating films respectively formed on said two surfaces of said 
semiconductor substrate; 

• connecting electrodes formed on a surface of said insulating film and 
electrically connected to said circuit; 

• a surface grounding conductor formed on a surface of each of said 
insulating films so as to cover the surface of each of said insulating films 
except for portions where said connecting electrodes are formed; 

• through holes respectively formed in said insulating films so as to penetrate 
said insulating films in a direction of thickness thereof; 

• through hole conductors respectively formed in said through holes; and 

• an internal grounding conductor formed on the surface on which said circuit 
is formed, 

• wherein said multi-lavered type semiconductor apparatus further 
comprises: 

• connection means for electrically connecting the surface grounding 
conductors of adjoining ones of said semiconductor devices with 
each other, 

• wherein one electrode out of said plurality of electrodes of said 
transistor is electrically connected to said surface grounding 
conductor by way of said internal grounding conductor and said 
through hole conductor, 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 128 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



• 



• wherein each of said through hole conductor and said surface 
grounding conductor has a thickness greater than a thickness of said 
internal grounding conductor, and 

• wherein the thickness of said through hole conductors and said 
surface grounding conductor efficiently transmits heat from the 
transistor to outside the semiconductor device. 

US5416888 

• 1 4. A neural network of a multi-layered type for a fuzzy reasoning in which an if-part of a 
fuzzy rule is expressed by a membership function and a then-part of the fuzzy rule is 
expressed by a linear expression, the network comprising: 

• input means for inputting data; 

• a first neural network, connected to the input means, having first neurons for 
receiving if-part variables of all fuzzy rules and calculating if-part membership 
values of all the fuzzy rules; 

• a second neural network formed of second neurons, connected to the first neurons 
with a given weight of connection based on the if-part of the fuzzy rules, for 
calculating, as a truth value of a premise of each fuzzy rule, a product of the if-part 
membership values for all the if-part variables; and 

• a third neural network, connected to the second neural network with a given weight 
of connection based on a then-part of the fuzzy rule, the third neural network 
having a neuron for calculating a first sum of the truth value of the premise of all the 
fuzzy rules, a neuron for calculating a second sum of a product of the truth values 
of the premise of all the fuzzy rules and the-part outputs of all the fuzzy rules, and 
a neuron for calculating a division of the second sum by the first sum to obtain a 
quotient as an inferential result; 

• output means connected to the third neural network, for outputting said quotient as 
output data; and 

• training means for causing said neural network for a fuzzy reasoning to perform 
training to decrease an error such that a weight of connection between the first 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 129 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




neural network and said input means and a weight of connection between the 
second neural network and the third neural network are changed, and a weight of 
connection between the second neural network and the first neural network is not 
changed. 

US5318114 

1 . A multi-lavered type heat exchanger for a refrigerant circuit comprising: 

• a plurality of substantially parallel flat tubes; 

• a partition wall mounted in each flat tube for dividing its interior into two fluid 
passages; 

• a plurality of fin units disposed between said plurality of flat tubes; 

• a header pipe having a plurality of slits for receiving first ends of said flat tubes; 

• at least one partition wall mounted within said header pipe to divide the interior 
thereof into at least two chambers, said chambers being in fluid communication 
with different ones of said fluid passages in each of said flat tubes; and 

• sealing means mounted on second ends of said flat tubes for sealing the second 
ends of said flat tubes so that refrigerant fluid flows from one of said chambers of 
said header pipe to one of said fluid passages in each of said flat tubes to the other 
of said fluid passages to the other of said chambers in said header pipe 

• wherein said sealing means comprises a plurality of seal members each having a 
curved shape projection for facilitating flow of a refrigerant fluid. 

US51 55608 

1 . A liquid-crystal display device comprising: 

• a multi-lavered-tvpe liquid crystal cell that is composed of first and second cell 
layers, each said cell layer containing liquid crystal molecules with a twisted 
nematic orientation therein, 

• in the absence of an electric field the liquid/crystal molecules in the first and 
second cell layers assuming opposite direction twists substantially in the ranges of 
180° to 360° and 150° to 390°, respectively; the orientations of the most proximate 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 130 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



liquid crystal molecules in the first and second cell layers being at an angle of 70° 
to 1 50° relative to each other; the difference between the angle of twist of the liquid 
crystal molecules in the first cell layer and the angle of twist of the liquid/crystal 
molecules of the second cell layer being in the range of 30° to 90°; the relationship 
between the product .DELTA.ni .multidot.di of the birefringence .DELTA.ni and 
the thickness di of the first liquid crystal cell layer and the 
product . DELTA. n 2 .multidot.d2 of the birefringence .DELTA.n 2 and the thickness 
d 2 of the second liquid crystal cell layer being represented by the following 
inequality: 

0.7<.DELTA.ni .multidot.di /.DELTA.n 2 .multidot.d 2 <1.4 
• the dependence of the value .DELTA.ni on the wavelength of light being larger 
than that of the value of .DELTA.n 2 on the wavelength of light. 

US4545651 

3. The optical system according to claim 2 wherein said dielectric film is a multi-lavered 
type which is prepared by laminating a plurality of dielectric layers. 

US6329740 

8. The piezoelectric/electrostrictive device according to claim 1 , wherein the 
piezoelectric/electrostrictive element is a layered type piezoelectric/electrostrictive 
element in which a lower electrode, a piezoelectric/electrostrictive film, and an upper 
electrode are laminated. 

US6322466 

9. The chain-belt transmission of claim 5 , wherein the damper insert is of a layered type 
of construction. 

US6132914 

4. The electrophotographic photoconductor as claimed in claim 1 . wherein said 
photoconductive layer is of a single-layered type . 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 131 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



US6027845 

1 . A lavered-tvpe electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising an electrically 
conductive support having thereon a charge generating layer, comprising a charge 
generating organic material, and an electron transportable carrier transport layer, 
comprising an electron transport organic material and a binder, in this order, wherein said 
electron transport material aggregates mutually in said binder whereby a new absorption 
component is generated at a wavelength which is at least 20 nm longer than a maximum 
absorption wavelength of said electron transport material is molecularly dispersed of said 
electron transportable carrier transport layer, and a weight ratio of said electron transport 
material to said binder of said electron transportable carrier transport layer ranges from 
25/100 to 200/100. 

US5853902 

19. A metal honeycomb core body as claimed in claim 1 or Error! Hyperlink reference 
not valid. . wherein said metal honeycomb core body is any type selected from rolling 
type, multi-lavered type , radial type, S-shaped type, conjugated-comma type, and X-lap 
type. 

US5492784 

1 . A positively-chargeable sinqle-lavered type organic electrophotographic 
photoconductor comprising an electroconductive support and an organic single-layered 
photoconductive layer comprising a charge generating material, an organic positive hole 
transporting material and an organic acceptor compound which are dispersed in a matrix 
binder agent, with the relationship of the oxidation potential (E ox ) of said charge 
generating material<=the oxidation potential (E ox ) of said organic positive hole 
transporting material being satisfied, 

• wherein the relationship of the reduction potential (E re d) of said charge generating 

material<=the reduction potential (E re d) of said organic acceptor compound is 

satisfied, and 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 132 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




• said charge generating material is a p-type (positive-type) azo pigment. 
US5449581 

1 1 . A double-layered type electrophotographic photoreceptor having a charge 
generation layer containing the phthalocyanine composition according to claim 1 as a 
charge generation substance and a charge transport layer containing a benzidine 
derivative represented by the formula (I): [Figure] wherein R 1 and R 2 each independently 
represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, an aryl 
group, a fluoroalkyl group or a fluoroalkoxy group, two R 3 s each independently represent 
a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, Ar 1 and Ar 2 each independently represent an aryl 
group, and p, q, r and s each independently represent an integer of 0 to 5. 

US5304445 

3. A double-layered type electrophotographic photoreceptor which comprises a charge 
generation layer containing the phthalocyanine composition according to claim 1 as a 
charge generating material, and a charge transport layer containing a benzidine 
derivative represented by the following formula (I): [Figure] wherein Ri and R2 each 
independently represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group, an alkoxy 
group, an aryl group, a fluoroalkyl group or a fluoroalkoxy group, two R 3 s each 
independently represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, An and Ar 2 each 
independently represents an aryl group, and k, I, m, and n each independently represents 
an integer of 0 to 5. 

US5247374 

6. A layered type white and black super-twisted nematic liquid crystal display device 
comprising: 

• a driving cell and a compensating cell formed in a layered structure; 

• a common heater interposed between said driving cell and said compensating cell 
for simultaneously heating both said driving cell and said compensating cell; and 

• wherein said heater comprises a single electrically conductive thin film. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 133 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



# 



US51 87584 

3. A device according to claim 1 . in which said light-receiving sections comprise an 
amorphous silicon layered type charge-coupled devices. 

US5171651 

1 . A double-lavered type electrophotographic photoreceptor which comprises an 
electroconductive support and a carrier generation layer containing a pigment or a dye as 
a carrier generation material and a carrier transport layer which are provided on said 
support, wherein the carrier transport layer contains an organic low molecular weight 
carrier transport material, a binder resin, a hydroquinone compound represented by the 
following formula (II): [Figure] wherein R 7 , R 8 , R 9 and R 10 each represents a hydrogen 
atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group, an alkoxy group, a carbamoyl group 
or an alkylthio group, and a compound represented by the following formula (III): [Figure] 
wherein R 11 , R 12 , R 13 and R 14 each represents a hydrogen atom, a hydroxyl group, an 
alkyl group or an alkoxy group with a proviso that at least one of R 11 -R 14 is hydroxyl group, 
R 15 and R 16 each represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group or an alkenyl group and Z 
represents a group of atoms necessary to form a 2H-chromene skeleton, chroman 
skeleton or dihydrobenzofuran skeleton together with the benzene ring in the formula and 
the group of atoms may be further substituted. 

US51 48299 

1 . A double-lavered type super-twisted nematic liquid crystal display device, comprising: 

• a display cell; 

• a compensating cell laminated on said display cell with a spacer interposed 
therebetween to define a space between said display cell and said compensating 
cell; 

• said compensating cell comprising at least one glass substrate having opposed 
surfaces, and said compensating cell being arranged on a front surface side of 
said display device; 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 134 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



• said display cell being arranged on a rear surface side of said display device; 

• illuminating means arranged on the rear surface side of said display cell for 
illuminating said display cell, said illuminating means comprising a light source and 
a reflector for reflecting light from said light source toward said display cell; 

• a transparent electrode formed over the whole of at least one of said opposed 
surfaces of said at least one glass substrate of said compensating cell; and 

• connecting means for connecting said transparent electrode to ground potential. 

US5090794 

1 . A method for driving a multi-lavered-tvpe liquid crystal display device which includes 
stacked plural cell layers, each plural cell layer containing liquid crystal molecules twisted 
between two transparent substrates so as to have a large birefringence .DELTA.n x , a 
thickness d x , a twist angle .theta. x , wherein x, for birefringence, thickness and twist angle, 
is an integer corresponding to the cell layer, and having a varying light transmittance 
varying responsive to a voltage applied thereto, 

• said method comprising the steps of: 

• determining voltages to be applied to each of the plural cell layers so as to vary the 
light transmittances of the individual cell layers to pass a predetermined color light, 
and 

• driving each of the plural cell layers by applying said determined voltages to 
corresponding ones of each of the plural cell layers to display an image having the 
predetermined color light on the liquid crystal display device due to the 
transmittance of each of the plural cell layers varying responsive to the determined 
voltages applied thereto. 

US4952029 

1 . A liquid crystal display device comprising: 

• a double-lavered-tvpe liquid crystal cell which is composed of a first cell layer and 
a second cell layer, said liquid crystal cell containing liquid crystal molecules with a 
twisted nematic orientation therein; and 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 1 35 of 1 49 Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




• voltage applying means for applying voltage to said first cell layer; 

• wherein the twist angle of the liquid crystal in said first cell layer is opposite to that 
of the liquid crystal in said second cell layer, the orientation of the liquid crystal 
molecules in said first cell layer in the vicinity of said second cell layer is 
orthongonal to that of the liquid crystal molecules in said second cell layer in the 
vicinity of said first cell layer, and the dependency of the birefringence on the 
wavelength of light of said first cell layer is larger than that of said second cell layer 
such that when voltage is applied to said first cell layer, the dependency of the 
birefringence of the first cell layer is lowered to become approximately equal to that 
of the second cell layer. 

US4407452 

2. The apparatus of Error! Hyperlink reference not valid. , wherein said slot means are 
so arranged that the pressure and flow speed of the cold gas are adapted to the pressure 
and flow speed of the hot gas for providing a laminar, layered type gas flow just 
downstream of said slot means and upstream of said nozzle neck. 

US3721849 

1 . A cathode ray tube for presenting a color display of differing persistence comprising: 

• an envelope having a viewing area with a screen supporting surface related 
thereto; 

• electron gun means oriented within said envelope and structured to generate and 
project defined low and high velocity electron beams to impinge said screen 
supporting surface; and 

• a layered type dual persistence image display screen formed on said screen 
supporting surface, said screen comprising a first phosphor layer disposed directly 
on said supporting surface, said first phosphor layer being formed of a first 
phosphor material responsive to optical excitation and exhibiting a 
phosphorescence of substantially long persistence; a second phosphor layer 
uniformly disposed over said first layer, said second phosphor layer being formed 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 136 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



of a second phosphor material to furnish said optical excitation for said first 
phosphor material, said second phosphor being an electron responsive material 
whereof each phosphor particle has a modified peripheral non-excitable portion in 
the form of an integral electron energy absorbing barrier of predetermined depth to 
effect an energy threshold surrounding the unmodified core of the particle and 
limiting the excitation thereof to said high velocity electron beam, said second 
phosphor layer being disposed to a thickness sufficient to substantially totally 
absorb the energy of said high velocity electron beam; and a third phosphor layer 
uniformly applied over said second phosphor layer, and being of a thickness less 
than that of said second layer, said third phosphor material being responsive to 
both low and high velocity electron excitation and exhibiting a phosphorescence of 
substantially short persistence, said third phosphor material having a peak 
wavelength of spectral energy emission at least equaling that of the phosphor 
material of said first screen layer. 

iii 

THE FOLLOWING IS A LIST OF ISSUED US PATENTS FOLLOWED BY A CLAIM 
THEREFROM USING THE TERM " rare earth-like element " 

(("rare earth like" ) <in> CLAIMS) 

US5863869 

1 . A multilayer structure exhibiting high superconducting T c , comprising: 

• a substrate, 

• a film formed on said substrate, said film being a superconductive copper oxide 
having a superconducting transition temperature T c in excess of 70° K and 
exhibiting superconductivity at temperatures in excess of 40° K, said films also 
including a rare earth or rare earth-like element selected from the group 
consisting of a lanthanide element, Y, S c , and La that is at least partially substituted 
by an alkaline earth element, said films being continuous and smooth and having 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 137 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



therein a superconducting cooper oxide phase said substrate being a material 
which does not react with said film to adversely affect the superconductive 
properties of said film. 

US51 62298 

5. The device ... where said superconducting material includes an atom selected from the 
group consisting of rare earth atoms and rare 
earth-like atoms. 

iv 

THE FOLLOWING IS A LIST OF ISSUED US PATENTS FOLLOWED BY A CLAIM 
THEREFROM USING THE TERM " layer like " 

US6645833 

1 . A method of manufacturing a laver-like structure in which a cavity exhibiting or porous 
layer is produced on a crystalline semiconductor substrate and wherein the layer-like 
structure is subsequently provided on the cavity exhibiting or porous layer and is 
subsequently separated from the substrate using the cavity exhibiting or porous layer as a 
position of intended separation, the surface of the substrate being structured prior to the 
generation of the cavity exhibiting or porous layer and the structure of the surface of the 
substrate being preserved after separation of said layer-like structure from the cavity 
exhibiting or porous layer. 

US4214255 

8. The gate turn-off semiconductor triac device recited in ... wherein: 

• said first region comprises first and second layer-like portions, said first layer-like 
portion having a comparatively lower conductivity than said first first-type emitter 
region and said second layer-like portion having a comparatively lower 
conductivity than said first portion, said second laver-like portion being adjacent to 
said gate region and being spaced apart from said first first-type emitter region and 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 1 38 of 1 49 Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



said second second-type emitter region by said first layer-like portion. 



US6259348 

1 . A surface mount solid electrolytic capacitor comprising: 

• a capacitor chip; 

• an anode wire connected to a first portion of the capacitor chip; 

• a safety fuse wire connected to a second portion of the electronic element; 

• a resin package enclosing the chip together with the fuse wire and the anode wire; 

• the resin package having a first end face and a second end face opposite to the 
first end face; 

• the anode wire having an end face substantially parallel to the first end face of the 
resin package, the end face of the anode wire being exposed from the first end 
face of the resin package and plated with a metal; 

• the fuse wire having an end face substantially parallel to the second end face of the 
resin package, the end face of the fuse wire being exposed from the second end 
face of the resin package and plated with a metal; 

• the first end face of the resin package and the plated end face of the anode wire 
being commonly covered by a firs t laver-like terminal; 

• the second end face of the resin package and the plated end face of the fuse wire 
being commonly covered by a second laver-like terminal; and 

• the capacitor including no lead dedicated only for electrical connection. 

US4458858 

1 . In a cassette of the type including a case, two spools rotatably mounted in aligned, 
axially parallel, spaced relationship within the case, a length of tape having opposite end 
portions helically wound in coils about the spools and having a portion extending 
therebetween, means on the case defining a path for the portion of tape extending 
between the coils, and a pair of shims of resilient elastic polymeric material on the 
opposite sides of said spools between said spools and said case, the improvement 
wherein said shims each comprise a first laver-like portion adjacent said spools and a 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 139 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




second layer-like portion adjacent said case with said first layer-like portion applying a 
stress in all directions along said second laver-like portion to form in the free, 
unassembled state of said shim a spherically convex outer surface on said first layer-like 
portion, said shims being resiliently deflected between said case and said spools to bias 
said spools to central positions therebetween. 

US4494401 

1 . Pressure sensor to determine pressures within the combustion chamber of an internal 
combustion engine having a plug element including a ceramic portion adapted for 
introduction into the combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine, 

• and a sensor element (1 3, 21 ) comprising a layer-like resistor made of a material 
which, under influence of pressure to which the resistor is exposed, changes its 
resistance, supported on the plug element 

• wherein, in accordance with the invention, 

• the laver-like pressure-sensitive resistor is formed as a layer on the surface of the 
ceramic portion of the plug element. 

US4818596 

1 . An article which is rendered waterproof by a microporous memberane of a hydrophobic 
material, the pores of the membrane in a laver-like region on or towards a surface thereof 
being plugged with a hydrophilic material, leaving hydrophobic material exposed on the 
said surface between the pores. 

US5434411 

5. An infrared spectrum measuring apparatus comprising: 

• a) an infrared radiation transmitting medium having a total reflection plane; 

• b) means for generating infrared radiation and directing the same from the outside 
of the infrared radiation transmitting medium to the inside thereof so as to cause 
the infrared radiation to be incident on the total reflection plane; 

• c) a metal layer; 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 140 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



• d) a spacer disposed between the total reflection plane and the metal layer for 
forming therebetween a layer-like space comprising means for holding a liquid 
sample and bringing the same into close contact with the total reflection plane and 
the metal layer, 

• (i) the thickness of the spacer being so set that the infrared radiation is 
transmitted through the liquid sample and partially absorbed by the same, 
and 

• (ii) the incident angle of the infrared radiation on the total reflection plane 
being so set that the partially absorbed infrared radiation is substantially 
total-reflected; and 

• e) means for detecting the total-reflected infrared radiation. 

US4489596 

16. Spark plug according to ... (FIGS. 10 to 12; 15, 16) further including an electrical 
heater element applied, in layer-like form, to one of said at least one elongated insulated 
carrier elements; 

• and wherein the heater element has a return connection line (2471 L, 2472L) and 
is electrically connected to and forms part of a connection line for the ground or 
counter electrode (2674, 2675). 

6. Spark plug according to ... , wherein the elongated insulated carrier element (37/1 , . . . ) 
is plate or layer-like, and said ignition electrode (25, . . . ) comprises a conductive strip or 
track applied on a major surface of the plate or layer-like carrier element, and is carried 
thereby; 

• further including an electrical heater element applied, in layer-like form, to one of 
said at least one elongated insulated carrier elements; 

• and wherein all said heater element, sensor element, and the respective 
connection lines to the terminal end are in the form of layers, or flat strips or tracks. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 141 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



US51 28277 

1 . A method of manufacturing a conductivity modulation type semiconductor device, 
comprising the steps of: 

• preparing a semiconductor anode substrate of a first conductivity type, having a 
first impurity concentration, and having first and second surfaces; 

• preparing a semiconductor substrate of a second conductivity type having first and 
second surfaces, said semiconductor substrate having a laver-like region, with a 
second conductive impurity concentration, formed on said first surface thereof, 
said second conductive impurity concentration being lower than said first impurity 
concentration, and having a drain region, with a third impurity concentration, which 
is lower than said second impurity concentration, formed on said second surface 
thereof; 

• joining said second surface of said semiconductor anode substrate to said first 
surface of said semiconductor substrate; 

• heating said joined substrates to form an inversion layer on the side of said first 
surface of said semiconductor substrate by rediffusion of the impurities in said 
semiconductor anode substrate into said layer-like region, and a pn junction 
located between said laver-like region and said inversion layer; 

• forming a body region of said first conductivity type in said drain region, said body 
region being exposed at said second surface of said semiconductor substrate; 

• forming a source region of said second conductivity type in said body region, said 
source region being exposed at said second surface of said semiconductor 
substrate; 

• forming an insulating layer on an exposed portion of said drain region, an exposed 
portion of said body region, and an exposed portion of said source region; and 

• forming a gate layer mounted on said insulating layer, said gate layer extending 
above a portion of said body region which is between said source and drain 
regions. 

Serial No. 08/479,81 0 Page 1 42 of 1 49 Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




US61 40590 

1 . A stator winding insulation comprising: a mica band with at least one layer-like carrier 
composed of longitudinal threads having a first uniform cross-section and transverse 
threads having a second uniform cross-section different from the first uniform 
cross-section, and a mica-containing layer fixed to at least one face of the carrier with the 
aid of a binder, wherein, in the layer-like carrier the volume ratio of the longitudinal 
threads to the transverse threads is greater than or equal to 2.5:1 , and wherein a weight 
ratio of the mica to the layer-like carrier in the mica band is greater than or equal to 6:1 . 

US5059001 

4. A non-linear device for generating light of an angular frequency 2.omega. from incident 
light of an angular frequency .omega, by means of a non-linear optical effect, comprising: 

• a substrate body comprising a material selected from the group consisting of a 
semiconductive material and an insulating material; 

• an embedded member embedded in said substrate body and comprising a 
direct-transition type material, selected from the group consisting of a 
semiconductive material and an insulating material, different from the material 
comprising said substrate body, wherein said embedded member has a band gap 
Eg satisfying a relation Eg.apprxeq.2h.omega. in which h=h/2.pi. and h is Planck's 
constant, and has a size comparable to that of an exciton; and 

• means for providing each of an electron and a positive hole in said embedded 
member with an asymmetric potential in such a manner that the wave functions of 
said electron and said positive hole have mutually different centers of gravity from 
each other, 

• wherein said embedded member comprises plural I aver- 1 ike shapes each having 
a thickness approximately equal to the Bohr radius of the exciton, said plural layers 
being alternately laminated with plural layers formed by said substrate body. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 143 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




US4549430 

3. Sensor according to wherein the support carrier comprises an essentially cylindrical 
ceramic element (40) having a closed bottom region (41); 

• and said conductor (21 ) comprises a conductive track or laver-like conductor 
applied to the bottom region of said cylindrical element. 

US6055180 

1 . An electrically addressable device for at least one of recording, storage and processing 
of data, said electrically addressable device comprising: 

• a functional medium in the form of a substantially laver-like continuous or 
patterned structure, the functional medium undergoing a physical or chemical 
change of state by a suitable energetic influence, the functional medium including 
a plurality of individually addressable passive cells provided in a two-dimensional 
pattern, the functional medium being realized as a homogenous or stratified 
structure comprising at least one substantially organic material, and a given 
physical or chemical state in a cell representing a recorded or detected value or 
are assigned a predetermined logic value for the cell, the cells being provided 
between the electrodes of an electrode means which directly or indirectly contacts 
said functional medium in each cell to effect a direct or indirect electrical coupling 
therethrough, whereby each cell can be supplied with electrical energy for 
detection of the physical or chemical state or a change in the physical or chemical 
state therein, 

• a plurality of substantially parallel electric conductors being provided on each side 
of said functional medium such that overlying and underlying conductors intersect 
each other in a substantially orthognal mutual relationship, said electrode means 
for each cell being formed in an intersection point between a respective overlying 
and underlying conductor, such that said cells in said functional medium and 
assigned electrode means form the elements of a matrix whose rows and columns 
are defined by respectively the overlying and underlying electric conductors which 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 144 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




in the intersection points form the electrodes of said electrode means, that said 
functional medium in each cell having an overall non-linear impedance 
characteristic, and that said at least one substantially organic material of said 
functional medium being a polymer material. 

US4743311 

Una method for manufacturing a metallic part including the steps of: 

• forming an intermediate product of at least a first alloy component in powder form 
and of a second alloy component in powder form wherein at least one of said first 
and second alloy components has magnetic properties and wherein each alloy 
component in the intermediate product has at least one dimension of not greater 
than about 1 urn in extent, wherein said step of forming said intermediate product 
includes a compacting step; 

• and transforming the intermediate product into a metal alloy part by a diffusion 
reaction at a predetermined elevated temperature; 

• the improvement comprising: 

• producing a crystalline mixture powder by milling a mixture of at least said first 
alloy component powder and said second alloy component powder and 
terminating the milling at a time at which the particles of the produced mixture 
powder are formed of a predominantly layer-like structure of the alloy components 
each layer of said layer-like structure having a thickness of said dimension of not 
greater than 1 pm; 

• thereafter subjecting the produced particles of the mixture powder to a magnetic 
field at a time when the powder particles have mobility thereby aligning the powder 
particles by said magnetic field with the direction of said magnetic field coinciding 
with the direction of said compacting; 

• ultimately effecting said compacting step by compacting and deforming the 
produced mixture powder of particles aligned by said magnetic field to form said 
intermediate product having a predetermined shape. 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 145 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




US4562028 

1 . A method for forming a shim adapted to be inserted between a case and side surfaces 
of spools in a cassette, said method comprising the steps of: 

• providing a thin sheet of resilient elastic polymeric material having opposite 
surfaces; 

• causing particles to impact at least one of the surfaces of the sheet until a 
laver-like portion of the sheet adjacent one of the surfaces applies a stress in all 
directions along a layer-like portion of the sheet adjacent the other of the surfaces 
to cause the sheet to bow uniformly; and 

• cutting the sheet to form the shim. 

US4437971 

1 . In combination with an exhaust system of an internal combustion engine having an 
exhaust component (E) subject to vibration, 

• an electrochemical sensor to determine the oxygen content of gases, particularly 
of exhaust gases from an internal combustion engine, said sensor having 

• a body (1 1 ) of solid electrolyte material; 

• a layer-like porous measuring electrode (1 4) applied to a first surface region of the 
body; 

• means including another surface region of the body defining a hollow chamber 
(21); 

• a laver-like reference electrode (22) located on said other surface region of the 
body and positioned within the hollow chamber (21), said hollow chamber being 
open to ambient air, the oxygen of which providing a reference gas; 

• and comprising 

• movable granules (39) loosely retained and located in at least part of said hollow 
chamber (21) in which the layer-like reference electrode (22) is located, said 
granules being inert with respect to oxygen and having a surface hardness which 
is at least as great as that of the layer-like reference electrode (22). 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 1 46 of 1 49 Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




US3945417 

1 . A vehicle tire of the lugged type, comprising: 

• a carcass component having a substantially smooth outer circumference formed 
primarily of tread rubber material; 

• a plurality of lug components spaced about and extending outwardly from said 
outer circumference of said carcass component, said lug components being 
formed of retread rubber material precured under heat and high pressure 
separately from said carcass component and having a greater cut and abrasion 
resistance than said tread rubber material of said carcass component; 

• a layer-like mass of cushion gum material, having a minimum thickness of 
approximately three-eights to one-half inch, overlying substantially all of said 
circumference of said carcass component between said carcass circumference 
and said lug components in permanently bonded interconnecting relationship 
thereto; said cushion gum material having a faster curing rate and a greater 
flexibility than said rubber materials of said carcass and lug components, and said 
layer-like mass of said cushion gum material having been cured in situ between 
said carcass and lug components. 

US5540047 

7. The method according to claim 1 . wherein a sensor element that is fashioned laver-like 
and that is contacted by an electrode pair is provided. 

US5286582 

1 . A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising: a negative electrode having 
lithium or a material capable of absorbing and releasing lithium as an active material; a 
lithium ion conductive nonaqueous electrolyte; and a positive electrode having an active 
material composed of a laver-like structure composite oxide 
Li x M y L z 0 2 (1) 

wherein M is one or more transition metal elements selected from Groups IIIB, IVB, VB, 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 147 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 




VIB, VIIB and VIII of the periodic table and L is one or more elements selected from the 
group consisting of nonmetal, metalloid and semimetal elements selected from Groups 
MIA, IVB and VA of the periodic table, alkaline earth metal elements and metal elements 
selected from Zn and Cu, and x, y and z are 0<X&LT;=1 .15 FONT < 0<=1 .3" 

US4710236 

1 . In a method for manufacturing an amorphous metal alloy body including the steps of: 

• forming an intermediate product of at least a first alloy component and a second 
alloy component in powder form wherein each alloy component in the intermediate 
product has at least one dimension of at most about 1 urn in extent said forming 
step including a compacting step; and 

• converting the intermediate product into a body having an amorphous metal alloy 
structure by a diffusion reaction at a predetermined elevated temperature; 

• the improvement comprising: 

producing a mixture powder by milling a mixture of at least said first alloy component 
powder and said second alloy component powder and terminating the milling at a time so 
that the particles of the produced mixture powder are formed of predominately laver-like 
structures of said at least said first and second alloy components; and then effecting said 
compacting step by compacting and deforming the produced mixture powder to form the 
intermediate product having a predetermined shape. 

In view of the changes to the claims and the remarks herein, the Examiner is respectfully 
requested to reconsider the above-identified application. If the Examiner wishes to 
discuss the application further, or if additional information would be required, the 
undersigned will cooperate fully to assist in the prosecution of this application. 

Please charge any fee necessary to enter this paper and any previous paper to deposit 
account 09-0468. 

If the above-identified Examiner's Action is a final Action, and if the above-identified 
application will be abandoned without further action by applicants, applicants file a Notice 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 148 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ 



* 



of Appeal to the Board of Appeals and Interferences appealing the final rejection of the 
claims in the above-identified Examiner's Action. Please charge deposit account 09-0468 
any fee necessary to enter such Notice of Appeal. 

In the event that this amendment does not result in allowance of all such claims, the 
undersigned attorney respectfully requests a telephone interview at the Examiner's 
earliest convenience. 

MPEP 713.01 states in part as follows: 

Where the response to a first complete action includes a request for an interview or a 
telephone consultation to be initiated by the examiner, ... the examiner, as soon as he or 
she has considered the effect of the response, should grant such request if it appears that 
the interview or consultation would result in expediting the case to a final action. 



Respectfully submitted, 




IBM Corporation 

Intellectual Property Law Dept. 

P. O. Box 21 8 

Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 



Serial No. 08/479,810 



Page 149 of 149 



Docket No. YO987-074BZ