Skip to main content

Full text of "USPTO Patents Application 08479810"

See other formats


07/11/2086 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE, 02/24 



CENTRAL PAX CINTER 

JUL 1 1 2006 

REMARKS 

The Examiner has stated without comment in the footnote: at page 4 of the Rejection 
mailed 7/28/04 "See Ex parte Remark, 15 USPQ 2d 1498, 1500 (BPAI 1990); Ex parte 
Kristensen, 10 USPQ 2d 1701, 1703 (BPAI 1989); Ex parte Attig, 7 USPQ 2d 1092, 1093 (BPAI 
1988); and Ex parte Copenhaver, 109 USPQ 118 (POBA 1955). " Applicants have addressed the 
holding of these decisions in pages 106-108 of applicants response dated 03-01-2004 - received 
by USPTO 03-03-2004 entitled "Fifth Supplementary Amendment" in which applicants have 
given extensive reasons why these decisions do not apply in the present application. The 
Examiner has provided no rebuttal of these comments. The Examiner has made no attempt to 
satisfy the Examiner's burden that one of ordinary skill in the art would not understand the 
objected to terms. Thug the Examiner has not made a prima facie case of indefiniteness and the 
rejections for indefiniteness should be revered. In addition to the extensive evidence applicants 
have submitted to show that the USPTO does not follow a rule that claim terms which are 
combinations with the words "type" and "like" are per se indefinite applicants have stated in 
applicants' SECOND SUPPLEMENTAL AMENDMENT submitted March 8, 2005 applicants 
state in the paragraph bridging pages 22 and 23: 

In Ex parte Copenhaver, the Board stated in regard to the terminology 
"Friedel-Graftz type" catalyst. 

"fw]e are of the view that the word "type" when appended to 
another wise definite expression so extends the scope of such an 
expression as to render it objectionably indefinite from the stand 
point of patent law and procedures*" 

We are not led to a different conclusion by the fact that the 
expression may have been used in certain technical and scientific 
publications which are not subject to the rigid legal requirements for 
definitions that apply to patent claims. The fact that the expression 
may have been used in claims of certain patents likewise does not 
alter our view on the question." 

Applicants note that Ex parte Copenhaver decided in 1955 was not cited by 
the Board in the later Board decisions cited by the Examiner. This decision has 
not been cited by any other Board or Court decision. 

Page 2 of 21 



PAGE 2/24 * RCVD AT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight rime] * SVR:USPT0£ FXRF-1/19 ' DNIS:2738300 * CSID:19149453281 * DURATION (mm-ss):1 1-22 



07/11/2006 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 03/24 



The undersigned attorney searched the term "Friedel Crafts type" in the claim field the 
USPTO patent search webpage http://patft.uspto.gov/netahtn^/PTO/search-adv.htm which has 
the warning "Patents from 1790 through 1975 are searchable only by Issue Date, Patent Number, 
and Current US Classification." Attachment A is a printout of this page showing this warning. 

The result of this search is in Attachment 0 which lists 32 issued US patents with the 
term "Friedel Crafts type 1 ' in the issued claims. A claim from each of those 32 patents is listed 
below. The text of these claims were copied from the USPTO web site. An additional 1 1 patents 
were found with the term "Friedel Crafts type" in the issued terms which were not identified in 
the search, possibly because their text fell out side of the full text search time window identified 
in the warning noted above. A claim from each of those 1 1 patens is listed below (items 33 to 
43 in the list.) The term "Friedel Crafts type" is in bold, italic, underlined text to be readily 
identified " Friedel Crafts type ". It is clear that the USPTO does not consider the term "Friedel 
Crafts type" when used in a claim to be per se indefinite not withstanding the decision of Ex 
parte Copenhaver and thus this decision does not establish a rule that claim terms which include 
the words "type" or "like" are per se indefinite. Therefore, the Examiner cannot reject claims as 
being indefinite merely because the terms include the words "type" or "like." The Examiner must 
provide a reason for why a person of ordinary skill in the art would not understand the meaning 
of such claim terms in view of the specification and what is know to a person of ordinary skill in 
the art. Since the Examiner has not done this, the Examiner has not made a prima facie case of 
indefiniteness for the claim terms used by applicant that include the words "type" or "like." Thus 
the rejection for indefiniteness should be withdrawn* 

Since the evidence submitted herein is data from the USPTO website the information that 
the Examiner is deemed to be aware or since it is evidence of standard USPTO practice. 



Page 3 of 21 



PAGE 3/24 t RCVD AT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Tme] 1 SVR:USPT0«EFXRF-1/19 1 DN1S:2738300 1 CSID;19149453281 * DURATION (mnws):11-22 



07/11/2086 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 04/24 



RECEIVED 
CENTRAL FAX CENTER 

PATENT AND CLAIM LIST JUL 1 I 2006 



1) US 5,196,630 

1 . A process for the removal of halogen-containing catalytic residues from olefin polymerization 
products comprising: 

(a) admixing an olefin polymerization product with a quantity of a quaternary ammonium salt, 
having the structural formula 

wherein R is alkyl, aralkyl or alkaryl and X is a halogen selected from the group consisting of 
fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine, effective to facilitate the removal of greater than 80% of 
contaminating halogen-containing FriedeUCrafts type or Ziegler-type catalytic residues upon 
subsequent washing with aqueous solution and separation of the aqueous phase; 

(b) washing the mixture of step (a) with an aqueous washing solution; 

(c) allowing the washed solution of step (b) to settle for a period of time effective to cause the 
aqueous and organic phases to separate; and 

(d) separating the aqueous phase from the orgainic phase to provide an organic phase that i$ 
substantially free of contaminating catalytic residues. 



2) US 5,196,607 

1 . A process for preparing the (4S)-enantiomer of 

4-{3 ) 4-dicblorophenyl)-3,4-dihydro-l(2H)-naphthalenone in a highly optically-pure form, starting 
from 3,4-dichlorocinnamyl chloride, which comprises the sequential series of steps that involve: 

(a) first reacting 3,4-dichlorocinnamyl chloride with at least an equimolar amount of 
L-(-)-ephedrme in a chlorinated lower hydrocarbon solvent at a temperature ranging from about 
-20.degree. C up to about 25.degree. C. to form the corresponding chiral 
N-methyl-N-(.beta.-hydroxy^ 

(b) subjecting the chiral unsaturated amide product obtained in step (a) to a Grignard reaction 
with a large excess in moles of phenyl magnesium chloride or bromide in a cyclic or lower 
dialkyi ether at a temperature ranging from about -8Ckdegree. C. up to about 25.degree. C, 
followed by hydrolysis, to effect a conjugate addition of the phenyl group and the hydrogen 
element to the aforesaid .alpha.,.beta.-propenoamide and so selectively form the corresponding 
chiral N-methyl-N^.beta.-hydroxy-.beta.-phenylisopropyl)-3-(3,4^chlorophenyl)- 
3phenylpropanoamide; 

(c) hydrolyzing the aforesaid chiral 3-phenylated propanoamide product of step (b) in a lower 

Page 4 of 21 



PAGE 4/24 * RCVD AT 7/1112006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Tone] 1 SVR:USPT0-EFXRF-1/19 * DN1S:2738300 1 CS!D:19149453281 * DURATION (mm-ss):11-22 



07/11/2006 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 



alkylene glycol solvent in the presence of an alkali metal hydroxide as base to form the 
corresponding 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-(3R)-phenylpropanoic acid; 

(d) esterifying the stereospecific (3R)-phenylated propanoic acid obtained in step (c) with an 
appropriate lower alkanol in the presence of thionyl chloride or a lower alkanoyl chloride to form 
the corresponding lower alkyl 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-(3R)-phenylpropanoate; 

(e) reducing the stereospecific (3R)-phenylated propanoic acid ester of step (d) with an 
appropriate carbonyl reducing agent in a reaction-inert polar aprotic organic solvent at a 
temperature ranging from about O-degree. C. up to about lOO.degree. C. until the reduction to 
form the corresponding desired 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl>(3R)-phenylpropanol intermediate is 
substantially complete; 

(f) chlorinating the stereospecific phenylated n-propanol compound obtained in step (e) with 
carbon tetrachloride in an excess of said reagent as solvent and in the presence of 
triphenylphosphine at a temperature ranging from about SO.degree, C up to about the reflux 
temperature of the reaction mixture to form the corresponding 

3-(3 ,4-dichlorophenyl)-(3R)-phenylpropyl chloride; 

(g) reacting the stereospecific (3R)-phenylated n-propyl chloride obtained in step (f) with an 
alkali metal cyanide in a reaction-inert polar organic solvent at reflux temperatures to form the 
corresponding 4~(3 > 4-dtcWorophenyl)-(4R)-phenylbutyronitrile; 

(h) hydrolyzing the stereospecific (4R)-phenylated butyronitrile product of step (g) in a lower 
alkylene glycol solvent in the presence of an alkali metal hydroxide as base to form the 
corresponding 4-(3 ? 4-dichlorophenyl)-(4R>phenytbutanoic acid; and 

(i) thereafter converting the stereospecific (4R)-phenylated n-butanoic acid compound obtained 
in step (h) to the corresponding4-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-(4R)-phenylbutanoyl chloride by 
treatment with thionyl chloride in a reaction-inert aprotic organic solvent, followed by cyclization 
of the aforesaid butanoyl chloride compound in the presence of a Friedel-C rgfts type catalyst at a 
temperature ranging from about -5 .degree. C. up to about 2S.degree. C. to finally yield the 
coriespondmg(4S)-4-(3>4-dicM^ enantiomer in the 
desired isomer weight ratio in the resultant isomeric product mixture that allows for the ready 
recovery of said individual isomer therefrom in a highly optically-pure form. 



3) US 4,918,143 

\. a polyphenylene ether resin composition comprising as the major components: 

(a) 1 00 parts by weight of polyphenylene ether resin, and 

(b) 1 -30 parts by weight of a hydrocarbon resin which has a softening point of 
140.degree.-180.degree. C and a ratio of weight-average molecular weight to number-average 

Page 5 of 21 



PAGE 5124 * RCVD AT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time) • SVfcUSPTO-EFXRF-1/19 * DWS:2738300 ' CSID:19149453281 * DURATION (mm-ss):1 1-22 



07/11/2006 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 



molecular weight M.sub.w /M.sub.n of 2.0 or less, and is prepared by polymerizing a raw 
material oil of hydrocarbon in which the total content of indene and methylindene is 80% by 
weight or more by the use of a Friedel-Crafts type catalyst. 

4) US 4,877,916 

1 . A process for producing a polyalkyl tetrahydronaphthalene compound comprising contacting a 
partially substituted benzene compound, wherein said benzene compound is substituted with two 
or more substituents that do not substantially interfere with a FriedeLCrafts-tvoe alkylation 
reaction said substituents including at least one secondary alkyl group having only one 
alpha-hydrogen, and wherein said benzene compound is unsubstituted in at least one position 
adjacent to said secondary alkyl group, with an olefinic compound of the Formula ##STR15## in 
the presence of a reagent of the Formula ##STR16## provided that said reagent has greater 
electron releasing properties than said olefinic compounds, 

an alkyl halide or a hydrogen halide, and 

a Lewis acid, 

wherein 

R.sup,4> R.sup.5, R.sup.6, R.sup.7, R.sup.8 ? R.sup.9, R.sup.10, R.sup.ll, R.sup.12 and R.sup.l3 ? 
independently, are substituents that do not substantially interfere with a Friedel-Crafts-type 
alkylation reaction, provided that 

(i) R.sup.5, R.sup.6 and R.sup,7 are each other than H, 

(ii) no more than one of R.sup.8, R.sup-9 and R.sup.10 arc H, and 

(iii) no more than one of R.sup.l 1, R.sup.12 and R.sup.13 are H, wherein said process is carried 
out in the substantial absence of elemental iodine. 

5) US 4,877,915 

1. A process for producing a polyalkyl tetrahydronaphthalene compound comprising contacting a 
partially substituted benzene compound, wherein said benzene compound is substituted with two 
or more substituents that do not substantially interfere with a Friedel-Crafts-type alkylation 
reaction said substituents including at least one secondary alkyl group having only one 
alpha-hydrogen, and wherein said benzene compound is unsubstituted in at least one position 
adjacent to said secondary alkyl group, with an olefinic compound of the Formula ##STR1 5## in 
the presence of a reagent of the Formula ##STR16## provided that said reagent has greater 
electron releasing properties than said olefinic compounds, and 

a Lewis acid, 

Page 6 of 21 



PA(£ 6/24 * RCVD AT 7/1112006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight rime] 1 SVR:USPT0-EFXRF-1/19* DNIS:27383D0 * CSID:19149453281 * DURATION (mm-ss):11-22 



07/11/2006 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 07/24 



wherein 

R.sup.4, R.sup.5, R.sup.6, R.sup.7, R.sup.8, R.sup.9, R.sup.10, R.sup.l 1 and R.sup.12, 
independently, are substituents that do not substantially interfere with a Friedel-Crafts-type 
alkylation reaction, provided that 

(i) R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 are each other than H, 

(ii) no more than one of R.sup.7, R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 are H, and 

(iii) no more than one of R.sup.10, R.sup.U and R.sup.12 ore H, 

wherein said process is carried out in the substantial absence of elemental iodine. 

6) US 4,877,914 

1 > A process for producing a polyalkyl tetrahydronaphthalene compound comprising contacting a 
partially substituted benzene compound, wherein said benzene compound is substituted with one 
or more substituents that do not substantially interfere with a Friedel-Cmfts-tp pe alkylation 
reaction said substituents including at least one secondary alkyl group having only one 
alpha-hydrogen, and wherein said benzene compound is unsubstituted in at least one position 
adjacent to said secondary alkyl group, with an olefinic compound of the formula ##STR10## 
wherein R.sup.4, R.sup.5 and R.sup.6, independently, are substituents that do not substantially 
interfere with a Friedel-Crafts-tvpe alkylation reaction, provided that R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 are 
each other than H, in the presence of 

an alkyl halide, 

a Lewis acid, and 

a phase transfer agent. 

7) US 4,877,913 

1 . A process for producing a polyalkyl tetrahydronaphthalene compound comprising contacting a 
partially substituted benzene compound, wherein said benzene compound is substituted with two 
or more substituents that do not substantially interfere with a Friedel-Crafts-type alkylation 
reaction said substituents including at least one secondary alkyl group having only one 
alpha-hydrogen, and wherein said benzene compound is unsubstituted in at least one position 
adjacent to said secondary alkyl group, with an olefinic compound of the Formula ##STR1 5## in 
the presence of a reagent of the Formula ##STR1 6## provided that said reagent has greater 
electron releasing properties than said olefinic compounds, and 



Page 7 of 21 



PAGE 7/24 ■ RCVD AT 7(11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] ' SVR:USPT0-EFXRF-1I19* DN1S:2738300 ' CSID:19149453281 * DURATION (mm-ss):11-22 



07/11/2086 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YQRKTOWN 



PAGE 08/24 



a Lewis acid, wherein 

R.sup.4, R.sup.5, R.sup,6, R,sup.7> R.sup.8 5 R.sup.9, R.sup.10, R.sup-l 1, R.sup.12 andR.sup.13, 
independently, ate substituents that do not substantially interfere with a FriedeUCraft$-1ype 
alkylation reaction, provided that 

(i) R.sup.5, R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are each other than H, 

(ii) no more than one of R.sup.8, R.sup.9 and R.sup.10 are H, and 

(iii) no more than one of R.sup.1 1, R,sup.l2 and R.sup.13 are H, wherein said process is earned 
out in the substantial absence of elemental iodine. 

8) US 4,877,911 

1 . A process for producing a polyalkyl tetrahydronaphthalene compound comprising contacting a 
partially substituted benzene compound, wherein said benzene compound is substituted with two 
or more substituents that do not substantially interfere with a Friedel-Cra fis-tvpe alkylation 
reaction said substituents including at least one secondary alkyl group having only one 
alpha-hydrogen, and wherein said benzene compound is unsubstituted in at least one position 
adjacent to said secondary alkyl group, with an olefinic compound of the Formula ##STR9## 
wherein R.sup.4, R,sup,5, R.sup.6, and R.sup.7, independently, are substituents that do not 
substantially interfere with a Friedel-Crafts-tvpe alkylation reaction, provided that R.sup.5, 
R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are each other than H, in the presence of 

an alkyl halide, 

a Lewis acid, and 

a phase transfer agent. 

9) US 4,877,910 

1 . A process for producing a polyalkyl tetrahydronaphthalene compound comprising contacting a 
partially substituted benzene compound, wherein said benzene compound is substituded with two 
or more substitutents that do not substantially interfere with a Fried?Wrafi$~t\>pe alkylation 
reaction said substituents including at least one secondary alkyl group having only one 
alpha-hydrogen, and wherein said benzene compound is unsubstituted in at least one position 
adjacent to said secondary alkyl group, with an olefinic compound of the Formula ##STR16## in 
the presence of a reagent of the Formula ##STR1 7## provided that said reagent has greater 
electron releasing properties than said olefinic compounds, 

an alkyl halide or a hydrogen halide, and 

Page 8 of 21 



PACE 8/24 * RCVD AT 7/1 1/2005 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] 1 SVR:USPT0-EFXRF-1/19 1 DN1S:2738300 * CSH):19149453281 * DURATION (nun-ss):11-22 



07/11/2086 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 09/24 



a Lewis acid, wherein 

R.sup.4, R.sup.5, R.sup.6, R.sup.7, R,sup.8, R.sup,9, R.sup.l0 7 R.sup.l 1 and R.sup-12, 
independently, are substituents that do not substantially interfere with a Friedet-Cwfis-type 
alkylation reaction, provided that 

(i) R.sup.5 and R.sup*6 are each other than H, 

(ii) no more than one of R.sup.7, R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 are H, and 

(iii) no more than one of R.sup.10, R.sup.l 1 and R.sup.12 are H, wherein said process is carried 
out in the substantial absence of elemental iodine. 

10) US 4,849,190 

9. The process for making aluminum hydroxide according to claim 1 where the acid liquid waste 
contains waste products from Friedel-Crafts type reactions resulting from washing the products 
from the Friedel-Crvfts type reaction with water to remove the catalyst of the Friedel-Crafts 
type reaction. 



11) US 4,794,069 

8. A process of preparing the compound of claim 1 which comprises subjecting a compound of 
the formula (II) ##STR49## wherein R.sup.l, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, R.sup.4, R.sup.5, R.sup.6 ? 
R.sup.7, R.sup.8, R,sup.9 and R.sup.10 are defined a$ defined in the frrmula (I), to 
dehydrogenation ring closure by the action of Friedel-Crgfts type catalysts. 

12) US 4,777,288 

1. A process for preparing 4-(3,4»didilorophenyl)-4-phenyIbutanoic acid, which comprises the 
steps of: 

(a) subjecting 4-(3,4-dichlorophenyl>4-keto«butanoic acid to the selective action of a carbonyl 
reducing agent in a polar protic or an aprotic solvent at a temperature of from about O.degree. C. 
to about lOO.degree. C until the reduction reaction to form the desired 

4- (3,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-hydroxybutanoic acid intermediate is substantially complete; 

(b) converting the intermediate hydroxy acid formed in step (a) to 

5- (3,4-dichlorophenyl>dihydro-2(3H)-furanone; and 

(c) thereafter reacting the resulting gamma-butyrolactone compound formed in step (b) with 
benzene in an excess of said reagent as solvent or in a reaction-inert organic solvent in the 
presence of a Friedel-Crafts type catalyst at a temperature of from about O.degree. C. to about 

Page 9 of 21 



PAGE 9/24 * RCVD AT 7/1 f/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] * SVR:USPTQ«EFXRF»1/19 * DNIS:2738300 * CSID:19149453281 1 DURATION (mm-ss):11-22 



07/11/2096 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 



100-degree. C. until the alkylation of benzene by the aforesaid gamma-lactone compound to form 
the desired 4-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-phenylbutanoic acid is substantially complete 



13) US 4,443,353 

1. An aqueous bleaching agent having increased viscosity and having cleaning action composed 
of an alkali metal hypochlorite, at least one surfactant and an alkali metal hydroxide wherein 0.1 
to 30 grains of said surfactant are present per 100 grams of said alkali metal hypochlorite and 
said surfactant is selected from compounds having the general formula R-(OCH.sub.2 
CH.sub.2).sub.x OCH.sub.2 COOM, wherein said formula R represents an alkyl group having 
from 8 to 18 carbon atoms, x is a number representing a narrow distribution of the average 
number of oxyethylene units and having an average value of 0-5 to 8 and M represents an alkali 
metal atom, wherein said compounds having an narrow distribution of the average number of 
oxyethylene units are derived from an ethoxylated alcohol obtained by reacting an alcohol with 
ethylene oxide under the influence of a £riedeI-Crafts type acid catalyst, said alcohol having the 
fotmula ROH wherein R represents an alkyl group having from 8 to 1 8 carbon atoms. 



14) US 4,439,610 

1 . A process for preparing a triarylmethane derivative having the structural formula ##STR212## 
wherein each R.sub.l and R.sub.2 represents at least one of hydrogen, halogen, nitro group, alkyl 
group, amino group, alkyl-, benzyl-, phenyl-, tolyl-, or pentylene-substituted amino group, 
hydroxyl group, alkyl-substituted hydroxyl group, thiohydroxyl group or alkyl-substituted 
thiohydroxyl group, each R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 represents hydrogen, cyano- 7 hydroxyl-, halogen-, 
methoxy-, ethoxy-, or ethoxycarbonyl-substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, cycloalkyl group, 
alkyl-substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group, aryl group, or unsaturated alkyl group, or one or 
both of R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 together with the adjacent nitrogen atom may form a moipholine 
ring, a pyrrolidine ring, a pyrazolidine ring, a piperidine ring, an imidazoline ring, a pipexazine 
ring, or a pyrimidine ring, R.sub.5 represents at least one of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl group, nitro 
group, lower alkyl-substituted or unsubstituted amino group, lower alkyl-substituted or 
unsubstituted hydroxyl group, or lower alkyl-substituted or unsubstituted thiohydroxyl group, 
R.sub.6 represents at least one of hydrogen, halogen, lower alkyl group, lower alkoxyl group, 
amino group, lower alkylamino group, nitro group, phenyl group or phenoxy group, R.sub.7 
represents hydrogen, alkyl group, aralkyl group or phenyl group, R.sub.8 represents an alkyl 
group or alkyl-, halogen-, or alkoxy-substituted or unsubstituted phenyl group which comprises 
oxidizing a triarylmethane derivative having the structural formula ##STR213## wherein 
R.sub>l, R.sub.2, R.subJ, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, R.sub.6, R.sub.7 and R.sub.8 are the same as 
described hereinbefore, said triarylmethane derivative having the structural formula (I) or (II) 
being obtained by the reaction of 3-phenyIpbthalide having the structural fonnula ##STR214## 
wherein R.sub.l and R.sub.2 are the same as described hereinbefore with the aniline derivative 
having the structural fonnula ##STR21 5## wherein R.sub.3, R.sub.4 and R-sub.5 are the same as 
described hereinbefore, or with the indole derivative having the structural formula ##STR216## 

Page 10 of 21 



PAGE 10/24 * RCVD AT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] ' SVRiUSPTO-EFXRF-1/19 * DfBS:2738300 1 CSID: 1 9149453281 * DURATION (mnvss):11-22 



07/11/2006 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 11/24 



wherein R.sub.6, R.sub.7 and R.sub.8 are the same as described hereinbefore in the presence of a 
Friedel-Crafts type catalyst. 

15) US 4,312,811 

6. Process according to claim 1 , 2, 3 or 4, weherein said dehydrochlorinating is carried out in the 
presence of a catalyst of the Friedel-Crafts type. 

16) US 4,220,740 

9, A process according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the Lewis acid is a Friedel-Crafts type 
compound or a complex salt compound. 



17) US 4,205,145 

2. A process for the preparation of a resin for printing inks, comprising the steps of: 

reacting (A) a conjugated double bond-containing five-membered cyclic compound represented 
by the following formula ##STR3## wherein H is hydrogen, R is an organic residue having 1-24 
carbon atoms, X is halogen, and 1 , m and n are each an integer of 0-6 with the total thereof being 
6, or a Diels- Alder reaction product thereof, with (B) a phenolic compound in a ratio by weight 
of from 60:40 to 95:5 in the presence of a Friedel-Crafts tvue catalyst at -30.degree. to 
60.degree. C. for 10 minutes-20 hours to produce a resin, 

addition reacting the thus produced resin with (C) an unsaturated caiboxylic acid in an amount by 
weight of 2*20 parts per 100 parts by weight of the resin at 150-degree.-250.degree. C. for 30 
minutes- 7 hours to produce an acid-modified resin and then 

reacting the thus produced acid-modified resin with (D) a resoi-type phenol resin in an amount 
by weight of 5-40 parts per 1 00 parts by weight of the acid-modified resin at 
160.degree.-300.degree. C. for 30 minutes- 15 hours, the resol-type phenol resin (D) being 
obtained by reacting with formaldehyde in the presence of a basic catalyst phenol or an 
alkyl-substituted phenol selected from the group consisting of cresol, ethylphenol, 
isopropylphenol, tert-butylphenol, tert-octylphenol and nonyiphenol, thereby to prepare the 
resin for printing inks 

18) US 4,181,791 

1. A process for preparing a curable resin containing phenolic groups, which comprises reacting 

(1) an aralkylene ester of formula R'(CH.sub.2 OYR.sub/).sub.a, wherein R' is a radical selected 
from the group consisting of divalent or trivalent aromatic hydrocarbyl groups and aromatic 

Page 11 of 21 



PAGE 11/24 ' RCVD AT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] ' SVR:U$PT0€FXRM(19* DHK:273KW0* CSID:19149453281 * DURATION (rraiKS):11-22 



07/11/2086 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 12/24 



hydrocarbyl-oxy-aromatic hydrocarbyloxy groups, each of which may be substituted with at least 
one substituent selected from the group consisting of alkyl of 1-4 carbon atoms, halogen atoms 
and a phenyl group, R.sub. 1 is a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups of 1 to 
6 carbon atoms and aryl groups of 6-1 3 carbon atoms, Y is a radical selected from the group 
consisting of carbonyl and sulphonyl groups, and a is 2 or 3 » with 

(2) a molar excess of a phenolic component which also may be substituted by non-hydroxylic 
substituents which are inert under the reaction conditions, 

said reaction being carried out in the presence of a catalyst for condensation of ester groups with 
nuclear hydrogen atoms in the phenolic compound, said catalyst being selected from Erledel 
Crafts type catalysts, and dialkyl sulphates with 1-6 carbon atoms in each alkyl group, at a 
temperature between lOO.degree. and 200.degree. C. 



19) US 4,127,710 

1, A method comprising: 

copolymerizing a 1 ,3-cyclodiene comonomer and a linear conjugated diene comonomer in the 
presence of a catalyst formed from a mixture comprising 

(a) a triorganoaluminum compound represented by the general formula R.sub.3 "Al wherein R M is 
a hydrocarbon radical containing from 1 to 20 carbon atoms selected from the group consisting 
of alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, alkaryl, aralkyl, and mixtures thereof; 

(b) a nickel (II) compound; and 

(c) a Friedel-Crafts type Lewis acid co catalyst wherein the amount of the triorganoaluminum 
compound is in the range of from about 0.5 to 30 moles per mole of the nickel (H) compound, the 
amount of the Friedel-Crafts type co catalyst is in the range of from about 0.5 to 30 moles per 
mole of the nickel (II) compound, and the amount of nickel (II) compound is in the range of from 
about 0.05 to 50 millimoles per hundred grams of total comonomer. 

20) US 4,127,490 

1. A textile treating composition consisting essentially of a mixture of (1) a major amount of a 
lubricant and (2) a minor effective amount of stabilizer sufficient to prevent oxidative 
degradation of said lubricant upon exposure to heat said stabilizer a reaction product formed by 
reacting, in the presence of Friedel-Crafts type catalyst, one mole of dicyclopentadierle and at 
least one mole of p-cresol, and further reacting said reaction product with at least one half mole 
ofisobutylene. 



Page 12 of 21 



PA(£ 12/24 * RCVD AT 7111/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] ' SVFLUSPTO-EFXRF-1/19 * Dfffi>:2738300 1 CSID:19149453281 * DURATION (mnvss):11-22 



07/11/2006 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 13/24 



21) US 4,107,144 

1 . A dialkylphenol antioxidant having attached to the phenol in the 4 or 6 position on the ring a 
vinylic polymer tail of molecular weight from about 1000 to about 5000 as determined by vapor 
pressure osmometry or by gel permeation chromatography, said vinylic polymer being in the 
form of a pendant chain attached to said ring at one end of the chain derived from vinyl 
monomers which polymerize cationically with an acid catalyst of the Lewis Acid or 
Friedel-Crafts type . 



22) US 4,056,513 

1 . Process for the preparation of terpene-phenoi resins by reaction of a carene with a phenol in 
the presence of an acidic condensation catalyst, comprising: 

a. reacting at a temperature of 80.degree.-120.degree. C one molar proportion of a phenol having 
at least two reactive sites with 0.4-0.6 molar proportion of a carene, in the presence of an acidic 
condensation catalyst selected from a Lewis acid type catalyst and a Friedef-Crafis type catalyst: 

b. reacting at a temperature of 80.degree.-120.degree. C the reaction product from step (a) with 
0.4-0.6 molar proportion of said carene, in the presence of said catalyst, said carene being added 
in steps (a) and (b) at a temperature of 20-degree.-100.degree. C; and 

c. subsequently reacting at a temperature of 80.degree.- 120-degree. C the product from step (b) 
with a reactive terpene, the molar ratio of reactive terpene to amount of carene added in step (b) 
being comprised within the range from 0.5 to 5; steps (a)-(c) being carried out under an inert 
gaseous atmosphere and in the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent; thereby obtaining a 
terpene-phenoi resin of clear stable color having a Ring and Ball melting point range of 
95.degree.-98.degree. C. 



23) US 4,045,458 

L A process for preparing a triarylmethane derivative having the general formula: ##STR21 1## 
wherein each R.sub.l and R.sub.2 represents at least one of hydrogen, halogen, a nitro group, an 
alkyl group, a substituted alkyl group* an amino group, a substituted amino group, a hydroxyl 
group, a substituted hydroxyl group, a thiohydroxyl group or a substituted thiohydroxyl group, 
each R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 represents hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a 
cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group, substituted or unsubstituted aryl 
group, or a substituted unsaturated alkyl group, R.sub.5 represents at least one of hydrogen, 
halogen, an alkyl group, a nitro group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino, group, substituted or 
unsubstituted hydroxyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted thiohydroxyl group which 
comprises reacting a 3-phenylphthalide derivative having the general formula: ##STR212## 
wherein R.sub.l and R.sub.2 are the same as described hereinabove, with an aniline derivative 
having the general formula: ##STR213## wherein R.sub.3» R.sub.4 and R.sub.S are the same as 

Page 13 of 21 



PAGE 13/24 1 RCVDAT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Timej * SVRiUSPT0€FXRF-1/19 1 DMS:2738300 1 CS1D: 1 9149453281 1 DURATION (mnws):11-22 



07/11/2986 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 



hereinabove defined, in the presence of a Friedel-Crafts type catalyst. 

24) US 4,035,495 

24. The process for preparing a compound of claim 1 , comprising: 

condensing a compound of the formula 2 ##STR28## in which R,sup. 1 is as defined therein and 
X.sup.l is hydroxy, mercapto, -S-SO.sub .3 ~-Na or --S-Sosub.3 -K with a compound of 
formula ##STR29## wherein R.sup.3 is lower alkyl, n is an integer from zero to two and A is 
COOR.sup.6 in which R.sup.6 is hydrogen or lower alkyl, in the presence of & Eriedel-Crafa 
type catalyst to obtain the corresponding compound of formula 3 ##STR30## in which R.sup.l, 
R.sup.3, n and A are defined hereinabove, X is oxy or thio and R.sup.2 is hydrogen; subjecting 
said compound of formula 3 to hydrolysis to the corresponding acid in the case where R.sup.6 is 
lower alkyl; subjecting the acid compound to amidation with an appropriate amine for formula 
NHR.sup.4 R.sup.5 in which R.sup.4 and R.sup.5 are as defined in claim 1 to give the amide and 
reducing the amide with a suitable complex metal hydride to give the corresponding compound 
of formula 1, wherein the compound having the formula ##STR31## is added to a mixture of the 
compound of formula 2 and the Friedel-Crafts tone catalyst 

25) US 4,035,495 

24. The process for preparing a compound of claim 1 , comprising: 

condensing a compound of the formula 2 ##STR28## in which R.sup.l is as defined therein and 
X.sup.1 is hydroxy, mercapto, -S-SO.sub.3 ~Na or -S-So.sub.3 -K with a compound of 
formula ##STR29## wherein R.sup.3 is lower alkyl, n is an integer from zero to two and A is 
COOR.sup.6 in which R.sup.6 is hydrogen or lower alkyl, in the presence of a FriedeU(?rafis 
type catalyst to obtain the corresponding compound of formula 3 ##STR30## in which R.sup. 1 , 
R.sup.3, n and A are defined hereinabove, X is oxy or thio and R.sup.2 is hydrogen; subjecting 
said compound of formula 3 to hydrolysis to the corresponding acid in the case where R.sup.6 is 
lower alkyl; subjecting the acid compound to amidation with an appropriate amine for formula 
NHR.sup.4 R.sup.5 in which R.sup.4 and R.sup.5 are as defined in claim 1 to give the amide and 
reducing the amide with a suitable complex metal hydride to give the corresponding compound 
of formula 1 , wherein the compound having the formula ##STR3 1 ## is added to a mixture of the 
compound of formula 2 and the Friedel-Crafts typ^ catalyst 



26) US 4,020,260 

1 . A hydrocarbon resin having a softening point of from about 100 .degree, to about 160.degree. 
C and being substantially gel-free comprising about 

95-35% by weight of units derived from 1 ,3-pentadiene, 



Page 14 of 21 



PAGE 14/24 ' RCVD AT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Tlmel * SVR;USPT0-EFXRF-1/19 * DNIS:2738300 * CStD:19149453281 * DURATION (mm-s$):11-22 



07/11/2006 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 15/24 



1-50% by weight of units derived from 1,5,9-cyclododecatriene, and 

0-40% by weight of units derived from at least one monoolefin containing 5 carbon atoms, said 
resin obtained by polymerizing a monomelic mixture comprising about 

95-35% by weight of 1,3-pentadiene, 

1 -50% by weight of 1 ? 5 ,9-cyclododecatriene, and 

0-50% by weight of at least one monoolefin containing 5 carbon atoms, 

in the presence of a solvent containing at least 50% by weight of an aromatic hydrocarbon and 
about 0.1-5 parts by weight, per 1 00 parts by weight of the monomeric mixture of a 
Friedel-Crafts type m etal halide catalyst selected from aluminum halide and boron tri fluoride. 



27) US 3,997,706 

1 . A process for the chloromethylation of styrene-divinylbenzene copolymers by using a 
methylating agent, a chlorine donor and a catalyst, characterized in that the copolymer to be 
chloromethylated is treated in either the presence or absence of swelling agents, and of inert 
dispersants, with a mixture of methylal and thionyl chloride in the presence of a Friedet-Crafts 
type catalyst or of a catalyst consisting of an acid, the methylal/thionyl chloride ratio being 
comprised between 0.5 : 1 and 2: 1 . 

28) US 3,956,357 

8. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the condensation catalyst is a Friedet-Crafts type 
catalyst. 

29) US 3,954,897 

1. A process for preparing a colorless, odorless and transparent polymer oil having a low number 
average molecular weight of 300 - 1000, low iodine value and low viscosity and a high flash 
point, comprising copolymerizing 20 - 90% by weight of n-pentene-1 and 80 - 10% by weight of 
at least one other chain pentene in the presence of a Friedet-Crafts type catalyst selected from the 
group consisting of halides of aluminum, iron, tin and boron, at a temperature of from 
-SO.degree, to 150.degree. C and a gauge pressure of from 0 to 50 kg/cm.sup-2 for 10 minutes to 
10 hours thereby to produce a liquid polymer having a number average molecular weight of 300 - 
1000 and then catalytically hydrogenating the thus produced liquid polymer at a temperature of 
from room temperature to a temperature below the temperature at which the liquid polymer 
commences its thermal degradation, at a pressure ranging from normal atmospheric pressure to 
300 aim. for about 1 0 minutes to about 20 hours to an extent that the hydrogenated liquid 
polymer has an iodine value of not more than 1 0, thereby obtaining the desired polymer oil. 

Page 15 of 21 



PAGE 15/24 1 RCVD AT 7/11/200$ 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] 1 SVRUSOTO-EFXRF-1/19 * DHK:27383C0* CS[D:1914W53281 ' DURATION (mm-ss): 11-22 



07/11/2086 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 16/24 



30) US 3,950,453 

1. In a process for producing a petroleum resin by providing a starting oil composition 
comprising chain conjugated diolefins having 4 to 5 carbon atoms and monoolefinic unsaturated 
hydrocarbons having 4 to 10 carbon atoms and being copolymerizable with said conjugated 
diolefin and cationically polymerizing the starting oil composition in the presence of a 
Friedel-Crafte type catalyst, 

said process comprising the steps of: 

providing (I) a first feed portion comprising at least one of the chain conjugated diolefins and at 
least one of the monoolefinic unsaturated hydrocarbons in a proportion of from 20 to 80% by 
weight of the monomers contained in the first portion and (II) a second feed portion comprising 
at least one of the chain conjugated diolefins and, if desired, at least one of the monoolefiruc 
unsaturated hydrocarbons in a proportion, which is less than said proportion in the first feed 
portion, by weight of the monomers contained in the second feed portion, the starting oil 
composition consisting essentially of the first and second feed portions (I) and (II), 

polymerizing the first feed portion (I) in a first step and 

successively polymerizing in a second step the second feed portion (II) in the presence of the 
resulting reaction mixture from the first step, thereby obtaining a petroleum resin having a low 
melt viscosity and satisfactory compatibility. 



31) US 3,942,997 

4. A paint composition according to claim 1 , in which the liquid polymer is the product of the 
copolymerization of the 1,3-pentadiene and the 1,3-butadiene in the presence of a homogeneous 
Friedet-Crqfts type catalyst. 

32) US 3,935,140 

1. An aqueous coating composition comprising a water soluble or dispersible material prepared 
by addition reacting a mixture containing (1) 90-50 parts by weight of a natural drying oil and (2) 
10-50 parts by weight of a liquid copolymer having a number average molecular weight of from 
500 to 5000 and containing 90-50% by weight of 1,3-pentadiene polymerization units and 
1 0-50% by weight of 1,3-butadiene polymerization units, the liquid copolymer being obtained by 
polymerizing a corresponding monomelic mixture of 1 ,3-pentadiene and 1 ,3-butadiene in the 
presence nf a Frivdel-Crafts tone catalyst with at least one .alpha.,.betfL-unsaturated 
dicarboxylic compound represented by the following general formula ##EQU2## wherein R and 
R* are each a hydrogen atom, halogen atom or alkyl group, and A and B are each a hydroxy! 

Page 16 of 21 



PAGE 16/24 1 RCVDAT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] ' SVR;USPT0-EFXRF-1/19* DN1S:2738300 ' CSfD:19149453281 * DURATION (mn>-$$):11-22 



07/11/2006 10:25 19149453281 



IBM I PL AW YORKTDWN 



PAGE 17/24 



group, alkoxy group or --O- together formed by A and B with the proviso that A and B do not 
take an alkoxy group at the same time, thereby to form an addition product which is then 
neutralized to make it soluble or dispersible in water. 



33) US 4,036,842 1 , A process for preparing a polyclclic heterocycle compound having a pyran 
ring which comprises reacting in the presence of a Friedel Crafts tvne catalyst a compound of the 
formula II: 

wherein B is ##STR80## with a compound of the formula HI: ##STR81## in which L and M 
each represent lower alkoxy or together represent the ethylenedioxy radical or oxo, and wherein 
R.sup.1 is hydrogen, lower alkyl, phenyl or p-halophenyl, and R.sup.2 is 2-furyl, 2-thienyl, 
2-pyridyi, 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl; or R.sup.2 is ##STR82## wherein R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 are the 
same or different and each represent halo, hydroxyl, carboxyl, carb(lower)alkoxy, or R.sup -1 and 
R.sup.2 together with the carbon atoms to which they are both joined to form a radical of the 
formula ##STR83## in which R.sup.6 is lower alkyl. 

34) US 3,893,986 

1 . A process for the preparation of hydrocarbon solvent-soluble hydrocarbon resins, characterized 
by polymerizing a monomeric mixture comprising 35 - 85 percent by weight of 1,3-pentadiene, 5 
- 30 percent by weight of cyclopentene and 10 - 50 percent by weight of diisobutylene, in the 
presence of a Friedel-Crafts type acidic metal balide catalyst 

35) US 3,886,207 

1 . A process for producing a compound of the general formula ##SPC1 0## 

wherein X represents a halogen atom, and n is 1 or 2, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts 
thereof, which comprises reacting a compound of the general formula: ##SPC1 1## 

wherein X is as defined above, with a compound of the general formula: ##SPC12## 

wherein n is as defined above, and A represents — CH-CH— or ##SPC13## 

and wherein Y represents a halogen atom, hydroxyl group or sulfonic acid residue of the formula 
~OSO,sub.2 -R, wherein R represents a lower alkyl group having up to 4 carbon atoms, phenyl 
or a phenyl substituted by a lower alkyl group, in the presence of a Friedel-Crafts type catalyst or 
an 



36) US 3,884,712 

1 . A process for preparing a liquid polymer having an average molecular weight of 300-10,000 
and an iodine number of at least 250 and being capable of forming hydrocarbon solvent-insoluble 

Page 17 of 21 



PAGE 17/24 x RCVDAT 7/1112008 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight rime] 1 SVfcUSPTQ€FXRM/19 1 DfflSOTQO 1 CStD:19149453281 1 DURATION (mnKS):11-22 



07/11/2006 10:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTDWN 



PAGE 



coatings, comprising copolymerizing a monomelic mixture containing 90-50% by weight of 
1,3-pentadiene and 10-50% by weight of 1 ,3-butadiene in the presence of a homogenizable 
Friedel-Crafts type catalyst selected from the group consisting of boron trifluoride and 
complexes thereof, tin tetrachloride, ferric chloride, titanium tetrachloride, solubilized aluminum 
chloride, alkylaluminum dichloride, sulphuric acid and hydrogen fluoride. 

37) US 3,886,110 

1 . An aqueous coating composition comprising a water-soluble or water-dispersible copolymer 
prepared by addition reacting with at least one .alpha.,. beta.-unsaturated dicarboxylic compound 
a liquid copolymer comprising 90-50% by weight of 1,3-pentadiene units and 10-50% by weight 
of 1 ,3-butadiene units and having an average molecular weight of 500-5,000, the liquid 
copolymer having been prepared by the copolymerization of 1 5 3~pentadiene and 1 ,3-butadiene in 
the presence of a Friedel-Crafts type catalyst and neutralization of the thus-obtained modified 
copolymer to make it soluble or dispersible in water. 

38) US 4,181,791 

1 . A process for preparing a curable resin containing phenolic groups, which comprises reacting 

(1) an aralkylene ester of formula R'(CHsub.2 OYR.sub. , ).sub,a, wherein R* is a radical selected 
from the group consisting of divalent or trivalent aromatic hydrocarbyi groups and aromatic 
hydrocarbyl-oxy-aromatic hydrocarbyloxy groups, each of which may be substituted with at least 
one substituent selected from the group consisting of alkyl of 1-4 carbon atoms, halogen atoms 
and a phenyl group, R.sub/ is a judical selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups of 1 to 
6 carbon atoms and aryl groups of 6-13 carbon atoms, Y is a radical selected from the group 
consisting of carbonyl and sulphonyl groups, and a is 2 or 3 7 with 

(2) a molar excess of a phenolic component which also may be substituted by non-hydroxylic 
substituents which are inert under the reaction conditions, 

said reaction being carried out in the presence of a catalyst for condensation of ester groups with 
nuclear hydrogen atoms in the phenolic compound, said catalyst being selected from tfriedet 
Crafts type catalysts, and dialkyl sulphates with 1-6 carbon atoms in each alkyl group, at a 
temperature between lOO.degree. and 200.degree. C. 

39) US 3,929,736 

L A process for preparing a resin suitable for printing ink use which comprises using as the 
starting oil to be polymerized a mixture selected from the group consisting of a reaction mixture 
obtained by heating at a temperature of lOO.degree. - 300.degree.C. that fraction containing 
diolefins of 5 carbon atoms and of a boiling point in the range of 20.degree. - 80.degree.C. of the 
thermally cracked product oil of petroleum fractions and a mixture of said reaction mixture with 
that fraction of a boiling point in the range of HO.degree. - 280.degree.C of the thermally 
cracked product oil of petroleum fractions, polymerizing said selected mixture in the presence of 

Page 18 of 21 



PAGE 18/24 • RCVD AT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] 1 SVR:USPT0€FXRF-1f19 ' DHK:2738300*CSID:19149453281 1 DURATION (mm*s):11-22 



07/11/2086 10:25 19149453281 



IBM I PL AW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 19/24 



a Friedel-Crafts Woe catalyst, and thereafter reacting the resulting thermoplastic resin with a 
compound selected from the group consisting of the unsaturated carboxylic acids and the 
anhydrides thereof, said compound being used in an amount of 0,01 - 0,2 mole per 100 grams of 
said thermoplastic resin, thereby forming a resin which is soluble in a nonaromatic hydrocarbon 
solvent and having a softening point of above lOO.degree.C. 

40) US 3,887,633 

1 . A process for preparing a polymer oil of pour point of not higher than -30.degree.C, a flash 
point of not lower than 180.degree.C, a specific gravity of 0.92 - 0,94, an acid value of not more 
than 0.02mgKOH/g, a saponification value of not more than 0.02mgKlOH/g, a Hazen number of 
not more than 50 7 a number average molecular weight of 300 - 1,000, and an iodine number of 
not more than 60 comprising the steps of: 

polymerizing a monomer containing at least 80 percent of 1 ,3-pentadiene at temperatures of from 
-30.degree.C to lOO.degree.C in the presence of a homogenizable Friedel-Crafts type catalyst to 
produce a liquid polymer having a number average molecular weight of 300 - 1,000 and an 
iodine number of not less than 250 wherein at least 70 percent of the pentadiene units is of trans 
structure, and then hydrogenating the thus-produced liquid polymer to the extent that its iodine 
number is decreased to not more than 60 as determined by Wijs method, thereby obtaining said 
polymer 

41) US 3,880,807 

2. The method of producing a rubber tackifier and stabilizer resin which comprises reacting 5 to 
50 parts by weight of furfuraldehyde and 100 parts by weight of tire pyrolysis oil obtained by 
distillation of vulcanized tire scrap at a temperature in the range of lOOO.degree. to 250O.degree. 
F., at a temperature of -25.degree. to 250.degree. C. in the presence of a catalyst of the class 
consisting of sulfuric acid, p-toluene-sulfonic acid, the sulfur- and phosphorous-bridging 
condensation type catalysts an d Friedel-Crafbs type catalysts, which oil has the following 
analysis (volume percent): 



42) US 3,862,024 

1. A process for increasing the viscosity index of a petroleum hydrocarbon lubricating oil base 
stock having a viscosity within the range of 35 to 100 SUS at 210.degree.F. and an original 
viscosity index of about 50 to 95 which comprises the steps of halogenating the said base stock 
to the extent of from 0.1 to 1 atom of halogen per average molecule of said base stock, and 
thereafter reacting the halogenated base stock with from 20 to 200 wt. percent of linear alpha 
olefin of from 2 to 40 carbon atoms in the presence of an alkylation catalyst of the frtedeUCrafts 



Page 19 of 21 



PAGE 19B4 1 RCVDAT 7111/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] 1 SVR:USPT0€FXRF-1/19 1 DWS:2738300 1 CSID:19149453281 • DURATION (mn>ss):11-22 



07/11/2086 18:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTDWN 



PAGE 28/24 



43) US 3,714,264 

1, An alkylation reaction product prepared by alkylating 4(methyltWo)phenol with an olefin 
selected Scorn the group consisting of 

2-methyl- 1 -propene 

2-methyl-l-butene 

2-methyl-2-butene 

2-methyl-l-pentene 

2-methyl-2-pemene 

3 -methyl-2-pentene 

2 -methyl- 1 -hexene 

2- methyl-2-hexene l 

3- methyl-2-hexene 
3-methyl-3-hexene and 
2,4,4-trimethyl- 1 -pentene, 

wherein the alkylation occurs at a temperature of from 20.degree. C. to 150-degree. C. in the 
presence of a JFriedel Crafts type catalyst at least one mol of olefin being charged per mol of 
4(methylthio) phenol. 



Page 20 of 21 



PAGE 20/24 1 RCVDAT 7/11/2006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] < SVR:USPT0-EFXRF-1/19 * DNB:2738300 ' CSID:19149453281 1 DURATION (imfrS$):11-22 



07/11/2006 16:25 19149453281 



IBM IPLAW YORKTOWN 



PAGE 21/24 



Please charge any fee necessary to enter this paper and any previous paper to deposit 
account 09-0468. 



/ 



Respectfully subriuttjpd, 



Dr. Daniel P. Morris, Esq. 
Reg. No. 32,053 
(914)945-3217 



IBM CORPORATION 
Intellectual Property Law Dept. 
P.O. Box 218 

Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 



Page 21 of 21 



PAGE 21/24 * RCVDAT 7/1112006 11:23:30 AM [Eastern Daylight Time] ' SVR:USPT0-EFXRF-1/19' DlflS:2738300 < CSID:191494532S1 » DURATION (mm-ss):11-22