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IXut !Kt IS urn 

F icJ June 7 l<A55 

hvi HWRVOKDVi U\\ ii)\U\)l \OS HW HKiH H< WnI HON 

1 ru^od Mdtes P<i{<.nt haJtin isk Ofilce 
P.O. BoK 1450 

Please charge any fee necessar\' to enter this paper and any previous paper to deposit 
accouot 09-0468. 



Decisjoij an Appeal dated 09/17/2009 

Rcspct lib! K subsviitict-i 

L)r Dm^A P Morns K^:; 

1 eaJ Ait(»ne\ 

Inteltectua! Property Law Dept. 
PO Box 2 IS 

Vorkfovvr? HeigK?s, Ne\\ York I05'>H 


fin ?.i 

PRIOR HisHm\ r^''*: \i'n \i 

' ^Wkw Non.^s \i\ .^'s^ 

ovins'jsvr'^^ ^Icva 

l/:SC'.S. <5 ii ?, appellants' discbsm^ was not 

thu'NO \K^lKd n-i ?ho a^s LiO\ lo Jo^si;:* ro^^ 

niOn^ 10 ^0 lOliS l^>Ou^J!^ jbO 5^0^ 

H OMF; ^ i i?^-^ o-Hv* ar 

fvS^aiivu xvac^ .^lYirokxi K>;x!^o ari\J.$>si.N 
felled to show thai tbe teachmgs embodied iti 

. x>KI n . N \ 

- -|v> jcs, :5>c J IciKVh. rian!'i'\ 
sng. '-kilkxl divt-rgesri., vaiiaUoii, movabk^ psis- 

5!!sn! -acdlx >l;k\Vt* 
c«5isomh?g5, sallslactory 

yiHIj FafenI claims j^ay be Ioq broad to the 
pojsu of bwalidit}- by reason of rcadmg on sig- 
TVillcani .uumbe.r& of iBoperaiive embodiments. 

/Vi, < jSj:ws >|S\ (/,Si\j?i>*fn ^ 

Offke as well as courts decidiTig mBii-jge- 

' h'!.!k^ oliK!^ >ncoJx kiciuNC 0 $oayf~ 
sums!kit!.a .ouoibors:-! iooperaiive ^^pecies. 

\v Xx V ^ ^ s i 

sVal-.o d■\'■^ n^^i ru-xoot .ilS'^'-vjru.c oi bo-ad 
o;i$s?os, wheo tlio: exaoiaier sets Ibrth reasonable 
>o .nv!^;h-^~ sa s\-s v-oN^vvK^oo d.a5 ss^ 
>i * aos . I ojt! ^ n\ix rc td ^■'-^ i^^^pc; Ksxi- sub- 

the approxsoKUe ares where opemdveBes;s i-ias 

> iialkos,. Oii\v.r b\ \'i^5O5-Ni<>0 y^f jopiON 
tadve. evkleace. or by persuasive argurneuis 
based on kr^owo laxvs of physics snd chen-iisiry. 

Pisre^fr > C7«^fm- <l 5/.fr:'<-pr\'Wl«>,*f5 > £>o- 
abiemem' Requiremenf > €ieneri)ii Owrvkw 
Patent Lan' > Jumdivihm iSi Renew > Sui^Ject 
MMtef- JHrisdkni.m > Appeais 
Fmeni lan^ > .?<^'i.mahHomm$s > Eiemems i& 
feUi > Ordinun: SkU! Stamk^rd 

\n ^ s V. 5N t 

numbers of irsoperatrve erufeodirneots in the 
j'.^'at ocnse th; e ?xi i-'on 'ke.v's-- 
whkd> oiust be presurr^ed to be xvitbk'j the k-vei 
; ouJsnasx shU tu^ .05 ■.^;xd o^^^ ^<5-c ussl 
00 orobodd-neois so \-v"!rk:b sueh fbetors rrsay be 

bovl^no,<ot-? inopc>;ltr^e Us-v^t, o^ n<Hbuv x\o^'\e 
tbo; NO !^■ng as a wouki bo obwa.N U^ esse 
el vi^^JnroN -^-kdl so Ike R'b'^^ OH rs b^A^ \^ 

t|v .--.obodr.oeoi operatoe faoser ds iu o>opv.o.> 

Fiir^e??^ .l0w Cii^ims Si Spevifivin'hns > De- 
srTff^t^^^^? .l?ef/«*^lf-si^f;i<rf«' > <«\ffer«-/ f^v^rv^Vn^ 
,fV«<s*?? aIj^s*^ > ../«nkr/k'tiofs <f /sk'VfVn' > Ss^ct/et.t 
3fj^.r/er Jmisdlenfm > /l/:J/?s?«ik 

The "s-i>v!>>u-'- ^ r.ndof o.'^ ; « ' ^ ; 
//2 >^K.sOi^ thai dioNO 4dk\; 0. .of id I 
bn!>o hox\ ox ditteroisne orou> wahvoa ku\-oa 

O ■> 0 . V V V 0 ~ V .V J .X. x> > >^ 

ressoBabie el:f<>rt. 

Pafeni Ian' > <7r.oo?n *S S>i?<:*/or«?k>o\v f>e- 
vriffVfJO 4Vij'j«>omefO~ - ^^V^^e^^'o^' «-kefwV!4- 
.Pjf/e^sr £.«so > ir^r/5i/k'.rd-.J0' ,A'r>vkoi^' ■> >SVxo*):/eer 
Mi^/rer i«m(/rcr/r.>0' > ..d,r^f'4-.'s?i.v 

5971 CCFA IJ-KIS 3751 VS*? SJ.S.P.Q, sBNA) 29Ss 

|liN6| jJ l/S:c!S I /i2 fequifes iKJt that the 
V -^r^ ;vc?~- s\ v\ ho\s i!-- the 

rrus. sn Aict tinsblirsg. 

col \Nri ; If .;ff,-j<V .»>>.^^< 

.'■■>. ^ ^ . ^ ^ ^ 


P*?30| I"* 1 0491 I 

avid FORD, Judge, ^^ 
RKJK Judge, dellve . 

58 c;;,C,P.A. *; 439 F.2d 73(i, **; 

ol'toe Fait^nt. CrUlce Btuuxl of Appeals atllrmlng 
thj; sxamffiefs fqjectkjn of I ■■2? in ap- 

^opionskr l'o\ V'h^^? <>biC!.u\Co of 
l.'ho hiveolion 

1 bo uioc!> J .iso f*>i .^fSi^^^cJU isr- 

p <>^oJ !v^r. o! ivirocufir kiO^I <.>f "opuCvfi 

^ . ^ s ^ ' \ 

' . loi^ ^CinPh> i\ oac so, ^^hiC^! fs>o IxwJ 

I ^^,5.* .w^suv^i^ V!.roo ..-o;osK 

P'\"!^ fii \<u> UK NO,-Je vO uv- iu^ago v\uhom 

^ N \ o ^ 0 

io> Ss-ai E->?cn!-^- i> ibo ou\ot ono of 

ohich 5-- vsxsaiiy movable h^-i l<KUMng piu'p^>?o^ 

of which aio axial I y movable to pmduce tte 
■/oomiog ellect,. and ihe binomiost one of which 

iN . . . ^ ^! 0 ' ; N SN > O ' On 5!0 OX' 

s;i.rvb v,uuri.!lo\ b'osn fhc ^.tflioal Jc^i.^i"; x-ksnJ- 
ps-5in: fx'^ -b\ c\-ci!pbN soi fonb bi .cppoHaniN 
N ^ J V ^ V y over 

•■no bundrcd related parameter':;. The rejeckid 
^:L^bo-^; rccit-v- 0Jc?1;bn s\!,s5i.^blp^ ani^'O;:; rohs- 
I \ :bv s-ni.di cwoK*; o^' fbs,-^-x •*;ira50!Cli;'S> the 

vo'cr ubKM I V Nofv, shv b,(-sapo oro\ iJcd by 

Ulv X ^\ \ In n ^ \ 

Iccyff). can he varscd xv.ithoui cxpcnonoiioi an 
.!KK0O^>v.b1\ bsx;! dopjoo s>i Oi\ipo f. H-^'Knia^ 
n-^ p-' ni a" 1 s !>$op,o 

! Aoooniirsg to appeLbi;>ts~ ffTJcf. "dc^ 
ssgnoT.s have heen hereioibre unahkt io 
dcsigis a lesis havbag both adeqtiate cor- 
coo^^;oaa! p''>H\";^^~ ^ at.1 a . !.\aoo»i; KO!i.'v. 

nn V ^ a s N , < ^ 
s\".al leanih." \p-p<.K,nUN o\rapk^v Use 
opoi;n>\. ao^v o^' vvhsch r^^s bo-.-.^ 
oKakai;,lod. aic of kav^ .las ,a^ahON in 
^xhkP fb- oooaaa,o ? c?co -o ^vS; K> 
vuo I hen- IS no toidoicc ra tl o ux*\fd U.j 

>^ !, S S ^ ! !. ! ! < 

six to oris h.aa soi heretofbrt; been. p«s>si" 
hk, bui v.hcdKa o? 001 •-l $n tu^*, ^.s .amr 
poTlarst. No poor art being rehed on, ap- 
por.^ao? had r. > Uuco v>f k\ uaj^o a> xdtw 
dve indicia, of oanobviooaness- Wbethor 
' 5a>; n aaphvan-- n .v.ahe\ i ^\ to 
a>ako ^tue> -*»^r5 l:aoO nsob^xa'O a^ 
da: i.N^^oc before on 

""^^ ^ I I aa-i ' d o.Na a'\v > ^ 
* \^ V ( N N a I 

( is ^>! shs.- iNfo baxiap felatiNofs nua<-Jdv. 
UK-i>sKa-s v^bart'ip the oqoa.alcni b\ad ion.pab 
of die ol'\va\c ^\a bo >.>oaaa->a\K vva^^.l 
^ ^a\f\> e .a. i oa ^ * 

p-^^NUhiU die in^jpo t>lc>>x>, es^nveu.; b>i 
apherk-al aad chroa'saiic ahemaiisns, ca»aui., 

i V id I ! 


a eoavergeat first member vvhich lor a 
^ V ^ ' as ^N ^ s as 

aa axafd^ oa>x.d>ie di•5^.r^.alU second a>- 
bcT brii'ad lb.*; fa si a>cnfacr h.*Map o^\a^ i- a? 

^ s a N. ^ I ^ t x^ 5 ' 0 
^ aaa"--^ d^o ^.da^ ^n' fai, asto fan 
ov^usvakaa focd Icagda ^a 

5ho v\i>rj JViCsus-.; iMv;>5>; c>|Ui\.>Joni 

ibe total axkl movement of tbe third mem- 

tbe c^-ai\ .^Icui bx\»l lonuib of die obie>>- 
; ^e ^ viies f'^^o i\*h x^n^.eo ^,!,s,!0 s 

:hc hX^X.ihjO \- SV- S.t -;0(,05>J 5S;etul\r ,o5*- 

Jsent wHh its surlbces convex lo iJie feiit and a 
os\ei\;esn ^v^u^nvr^d cosooont-Si! sujij^ij s^s^h 

Tn.^ s ;i d-.ibb,t conHH^oooi ha'-nx; n's frosu 
sutbace concave to Ibc lioTsi with radius of eut-- 

i h-. Rc-.cib>si 

fbcfo ni> Tcjceboo ^^n prior .ui I ho 0\ 

^><niitbe lim sjsd -X'.-on.i |\5r.5;.irapb ^ i>i ob'* / M 
I he bojrd alTin>iod bodi 5\x\-^'oo.^ It -\ 
e^e* vH osal o;,> Xv;e dv ^ un^ ^ d.o. 

. * . N ^.i. so ! ^ V 

ond paragraph of | i/^ [***5| were "prior to 
ibe s.ou?r'5 d.C!.os?o$i-= >S! Robn-i= |<V; >• ^ A\ -X-^-^ 
.bCb b> / :o'Ob /toi o-e,\\ 

b ' n ^ > ' ; \ ' 

.'K^b * r'-*~~f''s, bs f o /.b<b-, . ?; ^ ^ s J vbi" 

-^^ -^bb „\/ / / / 1>" V "v ■> I ; V . . .$nd 
b? re ^f^^be/JeM 57 C:x:bbl b22 b:2i/ #b7; 
> : ^„bN , V >i ;/ ^u«c I sb.n I Osb^\ vve 

^ i > V S.O - - V. , i - 
.sLileoi- xt v\o $o^e^^o rbo >\i.-co*»-$ uebe: dx^ 
^vCOOd Oi5aj!K5|il ot .x^ ^b' > ' ! 'bo ^X>-'- 
of U;t' .ih>^ve-eitod i,a^xs 

h\o diMuxt xtboo.fie> vjrc .ii^ix^i..;;! dx-^ 
rei^.a^-sn K k-^^^ nud> r dx^ fn-^' p-susxi^spb ^ 

S ! ^ s O , > s V I 

^ . " Xv N - i ^ b ^ ^ ^ 
svtosxb-' b>r 5 'ibdkxl sciv dc^^n-'55er. ^x^rbbio 
xvxb Shi' ax! of .1 cosx?putOf lo .X l -o 'b:^o ip.e 
^ ^ . X s -^w s \o < J k^>?N 
,*vvo,^d^ odx^^ d^ 50 bx^ >\ ^pvv,..<.oK dx- 

cb\W\1 bi'COod, 5p|Xdi.«xb di^eixvOSO v.^t-;: ,N,bd 

- O - " ^ ^ S X ^ ' ^ ^ 

js>ipk> .-ue fx>l R-|'sx-xn!viioe of dx^ roi j.^.^ x> 
s \ 0 X" - ' ^ i ^ ' 0 


5S C,C.P,A. 1049, 439 F.2d 730, 

l'^- 1 052 1 dkl nt>t give a .sallsikctary expkv 
5Mjors of [***6j Che ofigiii of the rasige limita- 

^sik^u;!ie^ iu lern, 

A. Diflkully of designing aii operative em- 

ll \eenK to have bst:en agriHua by ab eon- 
eorood that the dosign of eomToorciaiiy satbfac- 
.--v^oto ^^ o-t the kiiui iouiluNi hea- ^.e . 
" . i-o »U s ei'"^o-^! ^ 0^ e\;s"e;oel,^ 

e^*oe>f,^ . od u'lK \oU>es*^j>ve opes it^oo, c\>u 
wfd5 04> Od o| ri«>.;c!n <.v5nfsUcr K-'.hok|\K.--, 
I'buS; quits apsit Ifom jippeOnnta' teachings, st 
vvoeid take o k^ns designer seuiog out io ciosigrj 
.V i v\n ~ .COS of f\s\ t\pe in.5f\\ irooff-s-;, or 
oven ycar.s, to eeine up with i5 rnarketabk^ k^os 

c! o>e Uio > oo.N !-v,,U;: po^*-dooo «o.^'\-s' hi 
kio J, ^ns;u 3 oovv hos- iO>k\k, 0^ $he OvkOt 
ihi :o,kr o. oioofnipN .okl TiOw c.'Jcokosoo.N o> 
i r xH--^iio>s'i 0"<0) ieoNci. ihe> oes\ even heve 
--ioce .xoJ ^-f,, Osoe aqu^oe Who do 
eh-oioi i\5 bovt- done is have diseovered a siso 
pie «et of s-ektiooslkps; aoioog soine of the 

;-:oorn ^on;5e:^ wliieh, if respeeied, vvill ro'^uhJ io 
^•■i>ooi 'eo;N ijs^ierohhes whicb xvHi be eapabie of 
!i ^. kso^ s/h . \x Oe^ " o-joi;. doo5 

pj«viou$ zooo:^ k\oses vvitheut expericr.oing an 

^ ^fo\ Oi d.^oe > ' ^ V 

aoy p>>ao ns titco saoees xO o\,ieri foeal 
■e!ii;.;ih xao.^noo, Iho^ sfo ooss, a soeus^ ?o us, 
-^MO•.^M^;U in ihe po^i*t$on of ^xopvos»'n> 
bridge i-.n.d[def ivbo has discovered dial o-sain- 
i.aining eertaln relationships between the height 

V. V ^ s , ! K s V ^ s 

- ^ . . X V y -S. V \ ^ 

bv die bridge boii-Je? of this TehoJon- 
ship would certainly ftot solve all the tk^ie- 
eonsunnog problems of bridge designing or 
boildhig. bul ii vx^oibi, \xe diiuk. ».nahk -oiv 
person skilkxl no (he ari to practice d"\c inven- 
tion. N ^ " we e M ^ V 

s \ ■'NX < ^ O \i b 5 i X 

V ee > e V X <^ ^ - - * 
s^y-leiv n Oiuehl ^buNO \l ki<-.i a the ao h^xv 
in ' 
ek^aotd wo-h'-oi: endoe ekbn fiie -e-^u.^i- 
kv;e.^\■e ^^asv^os V ^ONO^tKiJ eo I as oaoNuie 

E, d'sppojt for UK f o\ee lanurjoUs in Ps 

Idle ^second preblerro bowever. is rofn'e dii- 
s>,Kt \pf kar?. jvc-ek-v Noee!§>. e\ .-o 
V V e s s^ ^ "^"-b 
^xv. . \ ^ ^e . i! \\i I > V. 

in tenns of broad .raagt^s within whieh va.rioroi 

paoianelers shall lid.b wbieh sr^eiudc hur. also* g;.; 

far beyond the specific examples. The exarn- 

uies !,faaUeoged foe hw\idrb ot 

[*I053J appellants range.s, ?isking. ^liow 
Cv^iiM ;hc>~.. ^■. oh) kiv- vK\^i;.in six;>!it\cu5!t,e tor 

ihc value:^ ihat can be chosen whiyn the 
bu\^e ne*>, ^ .e^l ^k"b. ;*.h;*i: VM 
tioisal espboalsos * * * to tjxplaln the bs'eadth 
oS ihx. ;urc^e^.'' .'v- farao can detcfesisie iVosn 
ih-c:. abbseviatCiJ record hi this case, appersams 
! r\s^; ^> o\.v1s\1 Moh Vix.1 ^-ion.*! <;\plK\Uu^^, 
e-'snesrun: 1v\'se-xKo\ wuh .!S4iappor$e>l as-xr- 
ih^^u^ sn x.u-^i^.J jn ihisal aeiKHu ih.U d^i 
raof e hmuaiions 

'2 § V ^ \-^xi'-^i 5he^^ m s\! have eeree to 
evphanisjL' she orn.isn o§ the hi 

51 noil ni i-ion^ h\ .^ss* =s her kev^'h.Nrkn\i- 
V.'S ihe hvaul N vku5sk^e, Ih^f!, 

"|,\pps-!han'^"M ho- |h!5\v-''| m hi^ 
[dieh-?| possession a stack of paper three 
^eei "h. \.h v>>\i.5sxl v^hih ■..akuiauvris 
whkh resiihed io the defsoitirm of the 
mnges set forth in the speciikation," 

* * eoopeime with (>ne another to form a. 
eosTsplete combinatiori, such that sutlleiently 
^.^w; iONohs.av aes^i;.\i.xi. h^; .di >.dues 
v\l n >l o Ncx\~»f'x-i ia;>iN^^ \a;ns\^n 5r> 
dishlea? pararvKHers, to produce die desired im- 
provemera over ktjowii obieetivcs, provided of 
v:oursc rlu-n d-e desigoer makes apprciprj&te use 
^M!,;e r.e-e~\^it} x-s dv ^n>r> of >xsen>on ge^?- 
eral kr?e-vvicdge Vvb.ieh alt experts have." 

On that record, the board affirmed the ex- 
.ir>r>ed- siKvix*si 1br suh\nn>dad^ ihc reaMsns 
stat:ed by the Esarninerf birt made addi- 
; d pxn-\ P\ uotsnc 

Fsge 7 

. 43<j F.2d 710. 

\^'e consider the reasons v^hseh pronepi ihe 
e:esnal ^l hj.xiPl ^.losn^ tx> a ^-hesnscx' Cv^ojpound. 
x^r a oroxov^ ds.e ;s Kicked on a ^-apV 
diseiosed e.Katnple are rs)ore tharr applicable 
V ^ e V V o'vHO^^^N ^ coon- 
poonds nixolxc .is snanx p.n.anxlCis o^ a^' a 
high degree [as high a degs^ee?! of ps^eisioo as 
.\iOciK\d the ^ .\e uc - y.v of a 

Ihx ^vinied resells .ite muxh ies- fean \vouPi be 
present in most ehcmicai reactions. 

Appciiarils rely oo ibis coust's dccisicjn in /fs 
^. ( ^V'^ ^ V- < \ bi 

claims hi a meehaiucal leading on oil weli 
pumpmg apparatus m which two valves svere 

vO ' > , - s - - J 

appcdaat^ ^P'-.v.u'.v.itsN'' dovt^vvxl .ixleUxil oi' 
die IV o \ .d^e.-> b\ diOVreni po.txa.s I k <-.\.a 
ne-r Kie \i.iKxi ihal hi * ^ h^^o -x^l a.acx\;$ 
akb e\\id' lo ban hxHv h.-p^ \a ^os eoxiPt he 
leniaicd b^ 5 N.axfe p\no'i .nid Ui.xs ap'^l .aeo 

^ . f Ov\ h^ K x>. o 

atYnaied. --^sattoc. x is pararhrasx.\; .n fv opirio.-x 
of ibis eoxjsu ".as i ntreh. idsks .k-' .nxt en 
obvious eoiistrrictioo liom that shows In appeh- 

ON - O O! oKiei 10 eoanot fae v d'^ es bv x >eie 
psNUm lb!\ xMnri staioxl shai u v-is 'noah;e k> 
xx^ivxir ai ihe \x-*\v x^-"' ibe ^^dsoc.-^ d ai apox 
hens .^pe^itKMlion ^tocs n.a snx;-iM ih a ^ * 
[both valves! eoid.d be operated p*?34i by a 
\ ^ ^ ^ '\ vO V \ I is 

phiinly suggested in appidtanis' specifK-f-aio.e 
that tbe accimulator piston alone oiay operate 
iio ^ d\i- an fae jnnpo^ ^b-~-1^ in iv xo 

[*K)54] accepted fbe expiai-jatmn offered 

M<>^v.xo5 too i'psOv^^u ii^ \ K'\OS> il^VN not. 
slop Ok"\. U ^i>s•)00oc^ o-^so's^; Na noi .io.saco 
^ i-o vU,-o-^t;oo ; o <i! lo oouo^^^l lor 
O00^'-.^;sot-i lo ^v:K«hc? Ihc uU^ifkslN of 
P.aori niiK^- h.i^c 4^noon!> lo foico^ a ^foa^^ 
\ 4' ? snciol\ fii.$uso 0 E>$.$\ io\.ro;x''>M 554vr» 

s $h.\v k-sJ i- h -i^!ih^^f S\, Shi- hofdoo X^.is OT? 

.\ ?\-;<uo^\ - |v .ioJ '^^i o;' ^s^. 

\, \ joosvUirv^ \iO!. Joi-e ,sh\5,iii-- \jn.50'<.^S! 
of .fx^!c-o>I $v^^> rsMoo ^ .KHssatisx^ 
vua-~o co.oi -^.4 vn - > \n o^.- fee 
f-siv! ; «>"Kvv L.iJ K>^s ^3aK\1 bJKks! Ac- 
wOiii 4J\. sl J ^svsi orr'^^foiSo f..i.J suf-p-TUxl 

^,J, foOO) I0< ckliO.s'.d -ipr-^'-^^^J^ 

\ 'Ck^iN vUC'J in if>o Xfsrso.i^ of r.isens r\~ 
ainining Proeedore, | 7{56.CB(Z), for the propo- 
N ihr "hi u\\li«Vi..s^ "i\c^\ bs-vi.i-i ihsK*5 
i > pi\>;*-rS\ fs -!ipn<.*n\\1 0\ a -osl-sc !o~ao !.>f 
ao .ippvii^Oi-s so NtE\!ciuro Tbo: v^.^H-nx^ni ,5s 
s!\ x'-oi\!-.i>J VwU no vik ;e <.Kcr>K\ii 
cases'' that ''the dbclosure of a sbigte specses 

ts5-:uallv do«s TH5I. provkk a.n adoi|uaie basis to 
support generic ciaims * "* * becaiise io ciKni-sis- 

sisre of oise xpecies, what, olhe? species \*viH 

tii see deoomioalcd a diehoto.fn> belvveeo pre- 
dicbabie and anpredietable faetors in iisiy an 
unboi tbaa 'vn\o*-o ' oa ^ baa. OiS csVn' and 
-,0^ V tov.^ bee . . V b^ ; !, 5 . ~ a .i . 
of i!:a arjiooKn? bv-ro .^ppoiiaao; ooiaer.ojre 
ti-ail bieK ;ai< erUifKal b> dseir broad oiaa^a^ hv 
\inaa <>f ^ siaelo opara.oxs o^aaiaie 
dils i-^ a "a^coiuiaical caac" v\ibic fee ^dioika 
ccTaoitds that appeliairb: are ofttitkxi ooiy to 
^hna- fe.iJnsp oo ok^s fa^oooO.t oor>:\ba-.c5~'N 
aad obvioasiy opemiive variatioos thereof 

brcbroiaanK. ii ;d\^uid -k sasd faai ^^^ 
regard the "question raised by coaaaei" and is-.-ft 
ofvo M fas^ c^xju iu ibo Mekef\ c iso to 
aud?orily of the Paterb Office tr> rejoci broad 
^.iaios.s iocrat^ bi.a.aoa s !■-> seat --o o^a or 
■ rsare inoperadve species, aa beeo a.o- 

V, V \ \ i f < ! N \ S ^v. 

y Ns. N ^ - s ^ " s 

\ I dte 
p^^^r >a ovabdr.N av ^\*M>n o^' v\!do < on 

^ - "^ V 1 P^ y d V 

nier.aa^. fMava?' Jb.>r4 <fr A//ip bbs v /..bfa<V ,-lir 
/Vo^fe,^ c i.', df--* db' d'<"' "^^ t^W'V 
.>a: ^\^' i^^^^^'^ Kdaa-ia,aa;rv.oaal 

\ V J ^ "had 

\v ihc l\ncsif I'^'ffkV ^hU a.-^ the 
V O ■» ' ^ ^00 ^ ^ ^ ^ , r s I 
5Ko;- '1i8Vf: ?i■.iL^^O:■hy Co roject a broad clahii 
nicrely because it * * * [reads on a slgnilk&nt 

3 tbv-^ u-^Viniau. "Ibc bi^x.^^nUix^s! 
ol' ^^>K»re I |!x~bi\K\^ a 

40 JFCjS 745 imd Esnbom. 

Enlbrceabsbty of Fyterst Qam^s Ej^coits.- 
rs^ 5- b\%v!r.'\ , 45 

JPO-S ■-o\ U ,nKh4J E)05cd sb.a 

b<4b obxxbi's.o^ .snJ I iohv'ir, t\>cin- on 

^\beiv s\junabb Ci'^isKlouoi^sio uia> be 
presejst wliicb are BOt present during Cl>e 
^ o X ^ V ^ V. o since 

- \. ^ ~ . - ^ . ^" 

5^1/, i5C^-i b/i^d9i, and l/ar^^^ooi:?; 

^ ^ „ s \. >^ 
/>b (mid"! f>7?5 /ib^.¥^ 
I Pi MKo W^^ix -.c b,o.. Heid Sh.u 
ibo n«ro |\^--iHdn> sncbKioo of b^- 

o:- u s I vOv.\^ , ot bKMd ebii ^sn t 

iflDJ, 101,9. i# (./S/'C^ ^^^b 4<sd fl^b^i. 
xvdeo riv .\oEso<K-> ^xt^^ fonb x.^^oiui^b. 
urooruis in support of bii? ccnlcbjsifKi dsat 
ao anplicanfs clabiv^ may read on iaop- 

sv.^iJos osojxTibxx. ooK u-> iho scn^c of b* 

^ \ s ^ s X ! X N N 

not boeo chalienged or rcl'^ot d^.e exanv- 
iney^s chalieiige eiiber by the ixjbnsnsyb;.>n 
of represemative evbience, in re Har- 
waad fiupra 920, i9o /■b2<;l or M'x 
(^■'' <^ \7\^ or h^ pof^o,!s>^o af" 

arjd chemisiry. i?r re C~/5itoH'.¥l:v, dJ 
br/*.d 775, 7^2, 222 F 2*2 ^^5 7. y02. 

0^■^!^, .*:Si^5r«. 

|\5ient^-d vhnb> roJ oo ^ s^s s-iuod't-r.- lo-' ^ko- 
erative orTsbodinKnits in vbe trivial .sense 
tiiey V V \ 00 o X o ^ X < \ \ 

pe^SS>X\i vO Iv \U5bi;?> ibv' ^. U . lO oKh\^;\ 

skid hs the artf' ,/n rc ,Strh-¥rft 27 d'bYbl 1202, 

A ^ ^ ^ . N'x ^ 
and read on cnibodiax^nis in whjcii 
such iaetors may be included In sooh a manner 
as to nialvc the ernbodhnonts inoperative, 'fhcre 
>N ^K^tbsov; vvion^, ^\-d^ f'-xs .^.^ ioa^- a^ u ^> ' 5 
be .d^^^^e^^ >^!^o of OS bji.ry -^kdl d\^ udo 

\ Sx ^ \ ! 

SYUinner a« to roakc the es-sibodirnont opcoaivc 
ralhor than inoperative. Ibid.. See also (}ooO- 
snan,-p ebc, u^Xv ^< .ir ^18. i ^ o4>v-;n of oi 
nrjte 3 at 7 1 9, 

d\N > ov 4n\d\sci\ !;v\ o^x•iiOi\i <n 

O ^ <\ \ s .-^v iO - i . 

N O \ s " y s i. s • V ! 

^hips are loos v\-sbsa iho wiroO soou^-i^ ^Md v 
"f.sofui" a-^ a .xvn-^ tens sr i;^ .<os-. ot 2.^ < 
'!> . ao^ st^ii sbo ^^iwsfso soos; U..>obe^ o 
used' \, V \ ^ 
xxbicd no aos 'bxt'^us vV --\">sloa- ^ fas 
ar|\dlani-5 c<uucsid ss Ibat ccnaio of =>soh fosss- 
member Ions assemblies will bo oso&l as Eoom 
les^ses i^'-'^hS] (.indeed, thai they wsU be .suoe- 
. leiM -•no -on^e to n^'^os as? ssvs> 

1971 CCPA l;..EXIS 376, 169 U.S.F.Q, iBNA)298 

^.fedm^rarwMli'ih^ H^^^^ ^^^^ which led us to rejea the 

^eoom loBS, Compare M 5? CC;::Fi Mst pamgmph o,t |i i Z 

~ ' -0 U^A^O^O^ .SiT>.''5a5it^ .50;U^;i. ^\ 

* \ ; X-^ si ~ - i! u>o $ViS reach ^hc h^v:; o>'' tUi ^ - o^s I M iu^u. o 

(leiemiine utility without having to build asd bisviisg been chisilsBgod to «fc so by tbe exam- 

uv -so-!voo V I --r^lwiiOK-K a!\; ^-vihi J ^ ^SKO K-vk\l I- >Xou^ovu5\ xh^v .ai^e. 
\ N ! ^ s o . ' i s e ! ^ \-' u o ^ > ^ 
s> s> X ^- > .H'^ - ^ iXK.i^iiiO^ >>i 1^0 vSai^i^ !Oiv\!cbu r>c .iK.^ \N!n!5.s 

V s do ^ ■'\..;~|\^ led i'le eeu'KaicJ ^^ssc^d hv o\h;uux dcMor .^\di s ! '\,or^roi 

uaiiou, while routiiie, could bo very tsmo- smbodlmeMs to be found, t?ot oidy t:5eaf the sisj 

~ ai uutoo^ .ooon\ U50*..-«si k d>o 
5 See Jatdcbe, i^ateot Djsclosurc ~ Some broader claiiJied ranges, which would he opera- 
s' .d-^\^;oN seo vu\r5 Iw^le-nveK o\. xpoci o\N av^pco n c' J\^v > i0..d 
;\et n s Kli c o^.odth o i>:v:>^s;a . i^tei iMoo^ ui\ch >\>ol r> do -ie; -^t 

!0| the Tckdionsbip betweeu lack of i' they never produced those cidcuiadons to sub- 

> X .d\v Kohoc o> d>c occcifwitve .vv.ea^ $o ^ho ud5Hu! Ox-s Ou k.^ih.Ci; ! > > i 

nOvVs^-c iS-oo V ns^oix w hox^ ^--c 

^\:::r^:^^:/~^^'^^~^'^'^'r cha.vM ..xc.oee dx .och bo 

^ ^ ^ -^^^ ^--^ . . cv^ ' 

^ ^ ^ ' . ^ ^ ^ la IX 

^ >ox >\ ai^ lV^ KOs. oi. o^ce , vo.v .^.^v^kn o\\;i \o5lds'\ Ki> >i sco^.-,^ nh.o 

■ * . . , ' ^ . ;i . ; reasouafelY chidiengeo to do so by tr^e exam- 

since -St aeema to^oe eonceoeu Umi a porsois ^^^^^ tbat'"the Fstsjnt Office pioperly 

^^''V' ?^ .r .00 0 uoc^e.ov -k^ ,.,,^vv Jvocc^oo^^m 

- o^~s^.ho v;\nao\- oo^ csocccs 

.1 c >>s ^-.ix c o dM 5 ^ ^i^^sau l\ .-ceuacd 




i Or nC AI <;BJK<.:ilVES OF V.4RiA^?J-: 
5\Ql:SVA5.i\Nl" FOCAL. IJ-NCiTH 

r^Js isven^sfs- Q(>s-sS«« M«ssrj? CoijM* Ostdby,, IsTSi^iasvJ 
ill; Aspi No.; l5:2,aS4 

! >:r( a ssjt- .^-i') \';<> .i^^ 

f J r; 5fiS, ci <;§i»» ? UK U'Zb ; 5 ■ s ^ 

PSI Ffey,«?S«swJ! :SS0/?S4, ISfj 


isWof; objfJKi^ ifestaaee rsssiasBs sta^sssissfy iSsirisi^ ^hs 
\i5Vi;;r.sisst s«cG-?x1 ^«si!TsS)«r b«hs!id tl?« imt s-sissTib^f 

ssv« 5« sHij /-susmhej' s,b« objsssms ssi S.b« ya«gs: of 
b«hs8d lis* s«»:j»« asessibs^f ha^'tng: «?5f<:ms|srs>: k'>v»l 


<.> ^ ^ f V < ^ >. ^ ^ 

|«s-igi.ii fiS: the ohjecS. sa gf«a«,e?- '.teas .b&SI.' itsi sssxissi^s.^i 
<.«s;o»si sii«jsib*f: cc!fi5S5J?,iag ssf a dsvefg^iBS: sj!«<>ie; 
jVossv asiS a iSsvejgest sttsaiKswasi c<ss»p4>a«s5 b-shssd 

i«g itii' coacBYs; tbs frajst "»:5ih ra^sas 95 
c«fYa',«f<; Syb.'i^ naa'!s;5'is.-&iiy bfiS.Nvas;.fi S.S.j'f aab i. 

.52 €5aifS!-S: !.b~a«ss5j, ? sfj^jr*-;: 




'.^ <V 

. ^^^v rr^^^ ^ 

.^^^r L.■•■■ 

0 i>s3.5s.' « '.m? 

% .S;>5 

PA. Afer/4c.M 

SHtE^ 3 or 3 


I. 2 

ayi^iicstioss Ssr. Ho. SOs, Slkd Sep-;. S fi, 11*65, !ss«fssb«fs<>c:i;a?s-i5ig wte Jh« e^vis-^'aseS? ?oc<sS isrssjti-i of 

:its.:i;-i!li>f:4.Hl 5 SJ5« fjbjssctive is gr«sit»r iJiiSB, ha§f sis mjssssfjum 

.■jbfijtaskxi, eC'j^'ia, assigt«s?isrss- fieid Cisr^'a^ys^ sssssgk sKss^isssjs campossssjsS with sis; ss^i^ce;. s">:J«v«>; so 

fesa?s«« movs;s««nts, she >>ot>s metisbsr ;>f the ohkc- sssd 2,S -ssJtjlsi: ihs divefgsfs? fSKJvubte tbsfiS !««mh«f 

iiv;: s S ' V X V ^ i^N "is * ^ xs 

^ V s V X s ' » ^ ^ ^ X x^ <: ^ \^ C \ X < ! 

Si , 10 5 o' .05- 5~ i-5o'»!^«, S iCss ^ a> 'vOi • > Of t' vl>\ >Oe!i. !H^i\WH'-e 0 ! 0> ~ sti > 

i-¥ s?< scljfevo sfs 5i-oo*aso<i fasiss o? v&fsaskfo «5 aqtssva- iha ra.o§» of vsjifiSkm s foSsf asbl sKsvorsoos. Jj-sog os- 

ftso&i kssstfi sfi-i, «b«!« postihfe. iibo aj* ffsoyoased merscahy belwee« 0.3S/f as*«i 0.5/^. 

,!O0!,iOf oO:J -Si-vx kU->-!H>'V U^i0^a !b> O.^VS N<fvOfi§ -iHVifs^ e<;jO>;ik>5v =n ,^p'S., ^i iih -Ct XO'i ,K 

ok so siahsSsKs ths ahoHafioriS S-bsosighoes: the stssgs of jog-sibss: whls ass scooe-ipsfsyirsg isxpfsfsstios showissg 

v,io.!0-o\ oo>n '0:h:b>ei s'-estuW-^ sbos^ h.^«s; - •us-^ ^ Jsse r'iVof U ssus^s ^ho'^pyr*">'^^'*"'f^^S~-« s^hsob s-i! cex 

s cojs-seiskst poskisse, Thi-i io t«ro isivoSvfts'tite sssss «f i? is f*> fe« ti«di«'stiiOd tfKst fiie tsross "ffosr ;stss 

>"i}iaiive>v sstso sfs>S iissvy fso^shia jnessshsirs Si'sd oos. ''ioaf ^.tsss! bsrsio, yefeje mjssetiveiy to ^he jirfos 

Oiisy (j5efe«4fis fbe baik 3,od sisss of ihs ctssssfilei*; ofsjec- of tl^e objas?.sva tsesrsr to is-ssti fiinbiJf fr«m ss* iosgef 

Si-- i'-sis. i.s. o. -.--cso e-Ki--Oi - ,^5---i- !esT> s ^ ,os jVii^U i - -\ - -^'CS, -s^e -^/h i.b5 s, oo5-c'5.->(- 

ooi-iwoSkfig She ioovemef!i.s, *iS^?«ciaky bsJaymg msad f« ssfdkiosi, lb* fern 'koiaS asi&f ssov-sstsfes;*" is iis<;<f 

saftk jseffersn e soovsmoisi bsjajso^ a aofskhsear rssle- ioomsfsg fross:! ooi; osiJ <sf the ssjtsgo so J^^e osbo?, iss- 

tknsfists t« the fno^^!SS1^i^s^^of tfi« xoosK cesstrol eiism^ ilejss;s5<f««f5y of xhs dkociioss of tsiovs«osjot Tbsjs, e 

5<?af-:v ssiorsspt* io esiessd the rasgo of vaHskiSss o? the ^ ^ rsioe-ihe?- esisy sjovo ibfwa):?^ sftd 4h«s fssck doKRg tlse 

oijisi^sskeS kscsi kosstfs k;i¥e fssk^. becaoso sbsy k;fve t&Rge of variaSkisi, and is ibis eaiss; ?bi! ioi«S asks s«o¥b- 

.s«i-oa;.xi-.o ■sep,!!>«rci. ff-siXi kocc-s-ky of a^OMsrtst-su tiiooi ss eysr.ecic&f v;ea of tho so--^^' :>:-••; f.b<i,->.ticf 

svhsoh afs isisJOscSkafile aiocfsssticshV, ssra ofteti kw aso^sii sshss 5ke feiSK^srsI«ifsce sisiveti, 

-s.iseih - h-o ^s^ :viOa< ii-vss^v jsie hsdv «k i- shouki ^iso be s-> idv ci^vO ib^S ib^ t- s--': -i -^i 

siffis of xbs obieoike io ofisssaoagsshfe pfopos-tioas or ^ cesssset", wheo esetS s« cimH«eti>j« wiffj a s:o«ipf>«;sd 

have: ie?fOiiei;i;:k foo i^evers ostscstf ksffkssk-ses is^ oossispoeoRh k fujeirfe^f ks mci«de.,oot««)y aoajsssfiSsrf 

a<;b;irv!8s shattsiioa ehv?»e5tQe. ' oossssct, isiJi aiao vshst is cofiiiiososy soi^w« ssa s ''ok;- 

t<! so asrseg*: she sysjosa ikas the fsost metiiber does sutfei^** have shgbtfy dsffsfftitit tas^k of csKvaJsite, the 

N ^ s> ^ V V s X V V s t 5^ s ^ i 

^ ^...s ' ^ ^ ---.i^x^ i^ 

i-f:?ysi?Ii oskv with kwosssfiii saoeeateoss as^sS k teSsevesj tere of shis iodkkSosI eosstaotsssg, Sijffaoes, *fkfss ibs; o»- 

iii'si wet o!; te<i> tis'osse eoosaci ss 5,b« bsitssofoe sTse.-s-O 

X N . i ,0 <fx K ! 

o^sk^s ^sra^^' ^rotf^^^ aftaf3g«sae«s of she The ehas-aoserkties of tfso foovsbfe sacoak sssd thsKf 

ioXvaJiie Jfsoasias ^vsseie of she ohkctive^ whkb cass bs; oies-ahets. a&o^« speeifiasS eojstdbssi* iowasks bsjepsog 

"s- .od.i v-ih'"x - k-fss--es--s affa-xoiT-eo!'! .-f -h-: -he sooivkf dimesi"OA- -f ttie -k\ssos<<o >s)xa s as, t-<"- 

X , ^ N ^-.^^0 ^ ^ > S ^-VV^O O 'E-i V^xv^ 

sb- -a- - ^ Si i^i e.- o k-- e,hii,ved sh-n-x^v -i s .^-ke*- , i -^i^-u-. =e.i sb ,e-,.o-o .?s-ks.os -^S ,-ke„ 

--\i-io- fsa» -s -sfiesii-i-- -k^ --^c - ..5».sai--nt f-\-s. ' ^nitbofs >f ku; oJi-Oi-osi, -sak aiio i>e!<-s!if ^i- - o\ sii 

s, - ^ c ^ ^ "^^ ' ' 1 s 's > 

,-.-0— v.- :..-.0.,-.-. . V, s s O N N ! V 

Sf^liF SUMfi^Ah^V DF Thifs if^iVE^iHON s.^^.^ ^^j^ ^jj^jy sectteusuJkei.e ib« desked sso^efaesxts 

■Sie ocoicai absa^-ii--s of sba ?oo!o iypa &ci;-'^rksi".8 w.. of iks ities-sbss^ Vc-!ib;;«i tbfe of io-aistsg hii^^-ssrss ska 

iiJ ".v.-c<;ljvi- %v--<-0"i'< is as ksijf ssiamfsets of «kich ike isieosisors aod wssh sistsuRois ifiotoaa* ia ibo ovof&si 

;;;aoe^;^o;;a»;: ;;^biia;y'ks;t';ig;ke Joooks^g-telakve pmirii^e bosweea ib. kiamoioes .ak rikstke e?ierSo.iJ. 


3 4 

.iSi^e of ssajsrish whoss Ahbs V ftsijsbisrs differ !>om ^'s^^^ shsJ fss? si^rfews «ofs«sv« ks 5ha «o;st fol- 

f«)s= saifsce ^^^'^ '^'^s*^* fssSsrifS |j<;Tms!. th» fs&f sod&i «i: tfse 

lisc!^* <:<;«xs>ojses!. of th« sec;j)«d m<f ? s'Sf snasRbsr k> he fsf 5<* ihe rst-if sjstS sr^feyjsijsy hsJsiS^I 

K'ijiciSy U~>f-;iif:f-' ffOBf ^"^iidai ^'xsif, o 

Afid S/o ths iMff«fen»e bstwssrs tfsa f^-ssJit- 
dices of she maieyiass «;f >.hs; tw« eiifs-ifint 

C!>sstf shute sossjsrds sssbihsasbf! of sprssri 

^ ^''-'^ -"'^^ "^"^ ^"';r^' ...v. so..^.u> * coj..f.>>H> . . . <u-v. o.; sc>>^.f 

cossHsoesin. !v us^^siiy as; yvs^ftsifsse >c» k i^;;;^^;;,, ^jj^ 5.^;^* |jsf<, Jhew s»?feee,« ssk;!; 

, .^ .c; c .vv .vi.. . CO-, , ^ ^ ,^ , . 
ijiemsst fse^vsess s»o oivergesn efesisssstsi, 1 .v^j^ii s„;face af the fhsS- of ssich sfsi?:pl<s cfJi«pose«fs 

-v^t- 5 -f.i.sM^o tivnsaN ^.^.^^ ^(s^.v- !b^e tse oS 

X X x<x X t S ! S V 

sjssmsofss w;S.hf!«s sxcssisv;; Cissvistssrs oi; 5sss hvSiSfS) fisgfss5«f thSi'^S '?S/<.Tha^^ 

X "V - X X ' X x^ x\ s O S x^ vV A ~ x-^ >. X 

XN S XX xS" ^ ^ XX X X X X X 

^^.^.^^!^x- ■ \ .x h > "x^C 4o,vi . ->\Xx ■ v. 1- \ nwf s^Jff.ive x> t!v . > ^Wsos-! x ! r>x- 

X ^ - X XX V x .X , XXX XX - X 

•■c-.>! sr> s«i.h stiefsshi;;- iif> aef ■'i;ffer f!--?«i {>!•« isfi- vsfvsfs be5^-<-'asR Sf'^ a«fi "/.^ I'hi;. f.;&fyfs cf.-etfd.Vxsk-s 

y «iorf thss 0. ! 5. '.ni« ;sj-ishc«!-:bf. sKsan b-yt^sw u;w8kU sisbshxASifiSX of prirssry «4s-i!-iiaS:5:i5 iiow.ijfi- 

' ' ^ X s ^ X \v X, > xv ^ S X 0 f . 

X- ^ X XX X :^ ^ ^ X XX x--> * X X < 

or eisfsssfsfs by st fss*!. 25< ^ s;s.;xgs< (s| x':ifis5so« Df «i^»svaf«s\s. faeaS SsjJgrb. 

S 'XX X, \ xx x ^ xx! X 

;;H"!pe:'K OS ras* fir«!: !-S!emb«5' ^'^ay be k- o li- xxi-s ■ • ,V -\ ^^'"5 

xO !^^,S\! S-^S r 0 J '"i X,! xi .5x,>Vi-i> 0 m "v xix-; -S-SK i.?*.' >!S - V IxxO 

fijrsbh bas e coheeiis-g »!,- ssri«j;Se s«esKtORi:fSs fbareol »«efs fw^e hessg 

■ h'ofl? ^vish fisdHis ol essrss- ,^ gs'ssfsr Jbsfi 0.(!?5/i, Tfsese jeartsres ecsstrfeide so-^ 

X ^ xxx S ^ X-X ex-^ XXX X 

^x 50!-< i\\x\ - xO -SI'* ! ;\ !i-< s ! r «s>-«b' i 

F -^sji, sf-tSsmsbc measi &«rwse» d e x v v >^ « 
bsjfs. of tfea (sistsrssS of fbfea cosvecvi v eva^e^s n 

ft^Bieriish exceeds SS, Tbasa oJ' dso fifs? rfi.y«ihef viTsy ;:>;eaft.:l by i«ai« 20 fbe Ahbs: 

asxi; ib-xbCNS-J -i^bib.wix-^ !>r \ j>,ti«,e! x« «Kxtx=.>5; x^f if*- dovi-gof! v-x-fsS -k- 

!;i afid eojsa and siso fiieditafe tosr* of rfisjfdscas^ 

XX -,x>„x -5x^,,x;,^,5 t J, ;x.xxOj i^jSx ^ -jx- o-ixio.s,. -n \- iiS te^x;l^ % x-!e ^ < - 0 - ; 

^X^ . X x X ^ X X ^ X xX 0 . ^ V> X X- ""N ^ X x^ 

-->e-<^i> ,x^)Oit-f if xx-^ ; xO-^,x^oo- V- exSxs-x<(.. It 5 C&S iwc-*'- ^ b o"\ X 

XV .liil'v xno-x i-o.iv- aoxi -bi^ tx? sbe f-s^ef«bar x^f !b- obj.xcw'xl- Ca, f,5fi,!- - 


S 6 

■-iS.fSfftS', X^s^- f.!> 5t^> 

\ \ ^ ^^^^ ^ \ 

^x V 

vesv >i!«stfat>;: teas- «sampi«? 

Sb:if tbS SUSi'SC* is CCiSSVsX tfj ih« iTOfiS iiSld tfeij 

SIS b<;sweefi ibs cca^posssrsi's !>f vbs i>ijses;i!Vi! tli* 
e sif $pircS!'!..<;^-> Snd sae Abbs V fi«s?5bi:TS of fe» 

by«c vsibbb its^sis air sofssfstsoss Ibe fo«r 

;5; s,t;Hi5>fiisry f«&f J!Ta!bb«f m '.bsf 0,&i58'?9i?Z v'* 

Ux>.v;.t... givs. fcr .«Cb *«vjbaJ J, ^ a07^HS4Sft 

tiissb^ vt«ir>g lb* f&dsws cwj- 

f 5be sustice. The fos-^gfi^i Esiisvspte cks«obes a K:omp!«ta !.bsci 

scb ssbk' sfe fJvee b-^ scfn-sa of F,, d§&igfK ^vkb va;««i c.asc«l%!:ed b^ n>5i«y c-ase^i tb< 

yak isf tbe rsdses sob d<ici!!!aS plsce, ssd sev>;y?d iid<Si«ft«sS Essmpis: 

wbssb'ff 5b« ssirfaca cojrvsj; b ss, bcs<sfii¥Sj, obvsoosly ss?sp5'a«Sscai x& provios sud 

L is ?<sf asjafoftfiby wbk 5ba isssjas fikly caScid&tsrf sbick kjss iie fof ^-aksss SKJasJs; 

. srid b k 5» ba ss!sd8rsb5«<i ShaS akSTsbwisd tbsca5gb«;^{ iba pravjoiisSv sfadfkd rasgs: 

-i ba b-ii-efpfetsd »baS5¥ i« ibeir sof ab ib« ssgsssfk&sk psramawrs. 

c5b^§ the fbosa "g^ss-RSKsfofS, a«d detsjosisjfa* 


? H 

iVt -jV i ■..:;\;'^f !ik<-if\!U- u-s^ii? « !, siH^ >^ !'«r ;>co; ^■>s■' ^^'^5 i'g s"^ ^S5;"<^f 

Yiijssfs of she lisss csssssrucvicsi! &f!f5 S-y,, it cas he tha$ s«crs & j«s<isfss4 iess 

s fis'sS Stsyss; jssemlsKj-s. sicij,^ (St winch scstk 5^i|h fiosTspksitf w<s5j;d scsS Jss ps;- 

?5g sahie, s ^ ^-^ V ^ i,t<> -^i" ^ ^ > 

ii ;-;!'s^-jh of 5^5^ ihiffS fsieiTsae)-. mussssg F/, .-it Sts k>»-i;y sskI is^pss limstS:, 

;iSiah-;-K->vi\t«f:!n^->f 'ht^ jet-io^fl msssibss" Lirns >S ^hssws. tise ssfscs of j>;r;!if;g Lis* W!ai sxi«; 

i sxss.i s»fjvefrs-s«t iff ihs shit<i «'!>5R\h-sr; irsovsmisnS <«' f,hK s«««jkJ sTiemiaaj .4?. its «|jp«f sIsTut, $s; 

iisriijyri vahj« of rstio of sho foftfis fsej, hi ■:>f<Ssr to sfo thiS, it iS s^ecsj^ssry ts> psss st isss- 

!!i ks^gih h-o:fi i^i* ->? ths ■.:bjsc.-i)s!T ' " fi5!^d8«fi.-:r!<.a5 §sv>'S of^intics, ak- : ifs «-si«c. 

s 5>ss5-sa; j^jg sss|issys*msj»S 5« ko«p the foe&l {SBg» fw^ighiy ths 

«5UBi dsassseSss: ;st shs; ffosss sf vSxs »fe]«e- j^^^^^, How«yss, «f!««? is »<^«? not *?si!te sssis S; 

i« S>:«i;.« S to 5. hecsoss o»>3 asist tnovsmesis !>.ow ass^c 

iisvo Si.>s.'1«f« -jf the f!f« f!i«sjsl>sj\ Is,;.; 5. i;.; Hasit. t§sys< ^hS chasg* fa i. asd O fto?y 

i-si<;mi3«:f C?:^!« thsfd K-ssssih*? > ss fy*s-s«s«<S h«>: ths oiSiw; 

ihv« spifvuifs of the 5:f5mi instssbfir j^^., i^diss^^d- Lss5es 7 ts> S sS5j>w sssslkr sffecis.; 

is:si thsK kiss i>a«««es:«t5 ssj? foftfs sfs tJio axSssii fyoss gsstsjsle i, as ssfeo s;« Fsf<. Fj<5 a«<i f 

s SC^ » ^ \ - \ !^ V V >^<4 O ^ 0 ^ ^ ^ f ^ ! ^ v N i ! 

;\ .s!Hi f , , t^-:u - aJwe-^ f> » i-. .= !TsohewS.-h ^:sai; r.v!, -j-o-s^riisiv its'sJS iir^or 

fa Hse s of she tahfc- S« ihs-s Fcj is siorsisl scak of sbssctive Isavtsg ii sKedisjss selsssv^ 

'St .>S '4^) .--f l^H- S'!a!f> ^S-iS-!!, asS.J i'i !i>enWf4\ -AU-SiVvl^ S!Tl>5SS-,S >;>e!t<!JO v» 

Ejje si;itsey Utnis sSR}. sfs iisies «s5d S I-.- j^sird s^gssihes sishes f>!Jt s»«fs sSs «cjs»pfexh'y 5>6 to 

- f^ f > ^te -seah n sm-sLv siw^svU", .4&f'U;\,>ise\> o> itsris iiO!.v>v 

.oofhet i jhis is refecrsii to agstss SisSet), cats fse saas fsrsss She sTjodiSc^iffosis of ihsos ? to ^, 

!ii ftfis; psfsjsfiaar is ses Sfs ssi sRd iifssB, its geastaS theyefors:, it csfs s^sdily ise ^^^^:t^ ffom ^ht 

ha oshsf^hav* ^ee« 8d]i.«ti<i hulie la- >s lahle Sk>w i.hs- ^>aras?5stes-5 of sha jn;hn cisisn can 

^ fas-!g« of vsTsatsofs «f focai iesgtJs s«- tahsrs 5o 5hi;i!- ««sf hssm tf> s>fO¥j<i« hsUeffag efie;;;; 

jiatsjiy ofichiisiged- soit«d s.o diflbjiiiij issitsai raasiitaa-ses^s, Th® k;;s he 

: osahS« s.i-sick satis psfion: 
i ; ' \ . s ^ -eii --a 

ivarags fora-sst 

s io«:?5- iisns; si 
^ aisft t«dseesS, 

S.!«S fsl§h «f;ii- 
r. SSis gs-«at«y 

«in^ssu-!f;t eaa work 

of SfiC 

a q^iestios' 

isaios-e. a k<xsj« Sass wss.iissx th« 

sad feutsfi matjsjsefj, Ohvioii 
s Is favoSvad ii« Jhis poiBt, bat i.f:8 opiyiioss of the iftveiStei- 

^0 ^ O ^ S 

;"o«-*i> sT^es-ahsts m xo -^cl-ss^i^'e ots >^e4fa-;!OS5 
eertacitoa ;k ths f«fth«t widsfsed f«khve apsftas-a. 
waais sender s oKscticsl cojisttyctiwn a aoo- 
J vomtrsefeia? t)v-ts?sOS.stio« to «tsha f-;, t^>iyoi-d 

ssrsjehoK of a pyaeticsiS corraiiied ofsjecovo so sweh s 

{siissadfm. T^te same facSA>« ains as:!?.a the siiosdwa- 
i tio«s of h«as d 50 ^lse« cs>iipiah ^*?d.h the fasiosrs ' 

ic.h i 

sal ohject »f 

:ai ii 

3;/ 36,048 

ias;4 Rj of the <tc<«hl«t <;oss>.x!aasU is ;lkp«mvi; ;<s<S vos- 
Viix tfs she fs-optj asisi has mdiiis «;f c«fvsj«fs ^qss; tJ> 
S 017 /<; i« ail four esamjs^ss. Tfes ds&fesee bst*esft 

Ths ssssbsasd gi|ui:vaks!« Ib^sS issgifj of tfs« Swo jissj- 

;0,<m4F.i55 ^ 5 ^ ^o - s ^ - rsfss (:<s sis^ > ^ > n ^ < ^ 

f?»sss s«!f *st8 of Sfse sscorsfl of sisfh ssfsipfo e«!5^poff«!!>5; 
h O.S8f}/< ali fo>.)r ij^swspk*. The suffece of 

SSiCh SSCOfSd COSKfJOfiSRi. SS 0O«V;!X S-O tfs* froisS 

sssSh jS!3i«S.oS\-«f^aUiro ' ^'^.i .\ if: .sii ;os-! Cv-s^ij U-s 

Tfs« axlsl s;h!cki!«ss (Di D.j of 5hs Jfionkcjss sioa--- 
tsSet co!Tspoi?«r« of She fiysf i»*mbsr L,< is 0,?fs6 
gxams^k J, i,f><;4 b Esssrspies ar^d fif, ai^ii 
F... SB esassj^jfc 5\ f r >\ o> K »0! s o^c^'-^s^ os ^ b- 
siissi «! !h« s:Si>sS ibivS-fsO^Ki. of s«o s,f!-ph o-nrv 

^ N \ ^ ^ V N N t . ^ ^ 

j« Esarsspk fV. -i? {s 5 >4 /, i« aiS feof ^ixasfipks. 

«rts« si:;«s«-ss. s \ »» ^ V V 

first sKss«feef j» sSJ Ksat «sas«efes ss SfJ 'JX si'rf fsus 
«xc'«ds S-bfi Afsfx:: V osj.sjbof of ths s-satsrisf of the \fs- 

^ !• ^ ^ ' 0 V* a' * .0'5 \C 0 

«i§!Ti ifS !0>>i 0VV«r'^OS Ss. taroji^n -5,^, «V!^^S!v«^> ,aN)0 fiU- n\ - O! ; vl.r. A 

:«bs:f If,. 5=5 Essmpfe t the ^ 5 j?^ BsajapSe f. 3.5? F,:, k Exampfes §1 

--^ "■ • -ji^ ^,4 s 3S F, is EsjiHsijfa 5;V< s<s thai, in f«m 

ys;i*.s s \ \ 5 ^ 

■! -;\o « -v^^s• o„oj»' I vi ^■•*o->oc'^N 

; foSadvo apofSssrs; /?*.0> whsils-, f3j(s.«:sj;k>$ 0 s«d III 

io SV is cos!eei.o«i fot a foiaiiyo apeftys-is of //i.d. 
«5-;.ios 51 aa.:i sfi drffof fst;!!-* siee asmh»r«>kly ssjjise 

^ , ^R ! ! <• < i,^ - e! 

; aiffjsbort J..., 5.,,,j sjso; f..- of .f\S'asTij.>Sft i, ds.a^fcss- 

!no<"f" 0, i t 5o 5\ao\5'Sc* S 
0 ^ " ^ " < 

J of Fx 

■ •.-.-■ar a-ssa-ihof f....: of ■? 
S.Tsotf!Sr sksj-fisiSive 

t<.'\vha> iVo«; a ves- ■ 
M up ht the rasio 

assal3.f fiakf of view 

ss, d.{5b25 F„ ui frositortFs 
. b *• X <"\-5 1- Hi <5! i^f a \ t ^ ^ i 


Hi-faaa i 

iSSJJt o 

■ijsv Siiffscs <s:f ':iss " 
svo i^-: ibo bTiSgft pijs'^a !s i.SJiH f-.-o-i Exasspk' f, 
i F. JO FKSj^pk Jl, 2.302? F, m Esasixpso iU aJ5d 


Tia-. ^cs.iivaioa? foi-ai ie.s-gti; --^f Sba «aika-Svuy fsf^ 
oa-ibar L; k <F45SS F. ia Fsaa^pia F -i- 6364* F^, 

F><a?naks U aad OS asd i 1. 54 i J>s m E>:as8?*5« iV; 
a- e<§aiV;i!eav Fx-.aJ Seas^f; fs, oi -;h« aiovab;* iccijaf-i 
■«oksf i , is ~ i 4?fS3 F- «5 Exaatoiis 1, " 2 .l«)&a E« 

b^ . -H-^^^ 51 a.d iii ,.a.i'- 3 F. -e b.^^i^pia F, > , na^.a^v^i 
i¥ a'^aivsieiii &5cai iaseth fV of «F« movsfsi* fhs!:ss ■" 
.-avx^r Lo iS; - ! ^^J-'*^ ?■= n^E.^asapk- L - 2,5$f,6 E. 

5 Na"-5 F a v> is; o^ a f b<i -a>5\a 5^ 
■<a tsie aaik^'akai foasi ioags.b /« of 4he siMsofsas-y 

. i asd F^, ia Esafajsk-: F. 2 3232 F., sii Eaassspk- bk a,ad 
4,<}45i> ia fsxaaipk JV; jbo posiSfis aad fisgassva 
igfjs raspaodvoiy sadsoasaig coa^-ergeaea iiad slivaf- 

>s:i^sF¥aSj?!5t foaa! \m$lh% /» of s««;h saamiwis ar 
\^ ^ vCf ^ a > ^ ^f o\ > ' : " uan-s ira as V5> s. f ! x > i 

■i'he s<a->^.'abk. ?oaaad aiiaxke;- 10 a;> x«ot esao>pk 
f.Os-; of a dh-'esgasa -ao-ipis a's^ ass. (•.:-;a;jX.-aa.' 
vao'h .as isiviaeaf. caav«.^ to ihe froai ib;b.>a-aa by <s 0 

rsaga of s'aristios is aaa-sedcaily sf(^> !.» 
■The froai. asd teas s«ttaaes 5^* assi f4.s,of the sa; 
fksoas oorap»oafiS isf siii;b foaaibar fespaoo^ 
(I U > a a a »a^a .51 so > ^'-^ > 
<s >a ak k-^ a visaa^Fi- \ absbi s'so -otO .!t?d : 

^ \ ^-^^ \ V. a as sOf o i s^; 

V > sN X "^-^ s ^ 

^ 5 V o s^ks 5 U$ a d . >s - i sa ^ a . 

asvesgcixs s' 
sbuplo oof 

! f ba a-sovaf^k-- taisd a!aa->ba! i - a\ ak icao- --^aiao 

^ X < V V s^ sb a \ a ss'-v a ^ ^ s > o 
\ s s s ^* ^ 

; s ^ \ ^ \ s ^ =* -^^ ^ > 

5 a- V si o a oi a^ s'^a- 'o>-Nsa o a-o^ ^s 

13 14 

^ ' so , 

^ \ ^ ^ ^ \ 0.« 

> s'V \ \\\ 5 - > , 

! s?>' ^f.^ »• "-^ ^ < ^ ^ j : 

.Ns5«!t.-5 rV ^Oh >S'5> STCSI^Vf n^sX ™ 

Ifs Exsmpks; I Mxd tl. viOi rtm Kmnbm sssty tJs;- ,, : , rJ,!!:.^'!.::. 

x;s,«::pfes &si>hejk aisrl'&c** is cj^ks to assist <So«fei«t coi^jsovisssit &f« gs->«s is te«tsi; oHfee sssftisnisss 

:Offee!bo oi' spStenesI shsjtstssbR sskS cossss with mms- Be«s s!> «s,«ii s^sse s;os&gt3 of a eo»vecg«fii ebmesit is 

N N ^ ^ S ^ N N ^ N t s ^ ^ 

ffCfftS^--!- !s cscc,, -ivsv b-' iS" rt;>~s-it o? OiX\»es 'h* - a;=t?S. 'h-, et>vj>i5lt-s:i k!\ <-!\N'fs !u t!«'~ 

.t<?s5;<;f5««:Ss isss sisri^, ttse fits-t agssa bsisig cosv siSssfeci by Sh« dowbk^ i;<jts5Sxi3e«t s rss-sgs rfi>sn j J 

•e!«iftt <S5 ordss- gsvs: Shs i5«fis!sssrv%«K>f5jj ccsssvsf ■ s* ^/F,- Th« dossbkt cosTsssojsest of £x^s!T>|>k Vi acis 

■«iit ths sixtts scosvfsigest Aif^exsgb so «spfc«jsc Esstfiplii L slws gs^mg a fes» 3 F^, « 38 5-% w&sss 

o:f:i<?Li- :5.Ufir«6t!s^!J cs'!istf\Siitii>s fcf Sh« sSatiofS" of She festjhssst i-fsta-ss ss m gxsmjjls V 

>^t^'^^•">- S.-^i o ■""■'^^ 'b=>~- "''^ C-^;e■^U^■: • tH"« It? .va>5invM- -5: 

i;!!!^i..v^<.55 N^pN^fic ssirfsc* is isgssji «s.ed, Shis is Exs?!^5Jte VL Tha s««n-;«sgsiis? fteSsl whish foy £,s- 

ftoH! ss«fsc6- Kjx ihs fsam^ss cO!»poHe»t, afs|si« § *ioss« vsjiss ffwss! SI d«8?«es st 1% to l,"? i5« ■ 

sas'iNts^svW a«ssl« V ssSfSdtiiS) fTOSvi S S degs-e«s at S .5 F,, ts ; .§ t!ss- 

■f5«fsi;er of ijse alsi^iti-^^ii. aucF iJOvsfejef csj!«jjcssss4, ' ss5sti« ^ahl&t compom^ so ass sskiStta? vf»;ct«<S 

.^>-S^ ^^ -^-^ >S""a .^OS^S-^S; V >CM5S-,v>>i S!V\pi- oh--;CUS ¥ " UX<- -C^ SCM.'v ""t , V^vS.*? ivja^' ^>■ 

,4 A IV t i . «s St\-- 'sVU- ^.>!>X.- . s !^c s i o!u>« CC^>R\ ■ih.^iX X*-? ^WFict u « s\ s. ^ 

IX? ^is" vafe«s of t?s« aii«sv»teji4 fecal ksissSh sfs, pl&ce- tho isxsssassj^ s^^BsvafesH fecal iatsssls sftst 

! OtX\0v SnO sa O-.-V^-^iV >FU>>1.^' SS^X' f.^ -OiUCfU i>J.\S!^C Sr*"^^»~^ .v-C^iat SU' vi .io i^ I O^sSS 

y ^ !^ , i - !>vaS M V O', S> X^vVd S ^Of.^Ot OJi OoUl.!>»C J " '^i SK v\ s> 


15 M, 

fjssy !>« m Ksysts os csssr grooves 8 a!5<i S wtssch dcsybte': compoftsfU corsstisyfsrsg: Jhft thifd 

■r Sisrsscft i>i Si twbss&f f?i«fniset C r<jt;s,SKd iVi^snfessv has a cQth<iihi: isntm-&\ es^svtset vs>rv«s iS^s 

s ^ - ^ s !^ V, 5 f;is)js;: J. 

on se;isuv<;:|y fixed css5«§ ^- <::! Sha v^hich fw)?!^ s«yfacsi ijf sihsi C!3S?i<S4jrsd c«$»fSOss?ns of 

" -. ^ - " C \ - - N ^ V I ! > O - 

■•*;! fey wsy of sssiOspS*; orssy i«!5d thaS J!5e «s)Tip<5mfi5. h;iv*fsg V nBB-sS«fs *fsi5 sisf- 

S5g miBisvcSy f?Ksv;sbk: f!5«ssS>«is whofshy ib* &S£0;i«S mrttnbss' fB i^Ctncavs io file ftf^sit s«*5 $s* fe;ss' 

^ N ^ \ v^ ^ \ xvv N ^ ^ O' v ^ < ^ V K \ > \ 

^^ V ^ ^ ^ X X - ^^ V si! ( S 

I, ttbiffSiisi:?: sbsffatioss, cosTix. sistignia- ^^^^ f-<>ss!SSs of s fyifsfe? «o>«p<i8*Rt |]:s,vf^^ 

ffi ««!;!^-.:ss«rt! f-j<:ai isr'i>tt5 ai. Ssiss: 6 t<tii5;s '-''^ sscofSiS m«fs-!bs5- h&vjs;g masB 

. \/ ' , ^ ^ ^ ^'■^ XvxS^C^ ^ ^ ^ C> > - V 

.^H,.^ f-. . p,.c!^ >v.;ct-i .ti-icj. u-«ii«s ti>*> Xb>H^ \ X . «^ 

yij^^,. jj^^ vi5j-,rt5ij;, 8i« msfes'ssss of SSe eSjvssfgatsC s-sssfsests sfjiSiesjife of 

b.o-v inv ..cmN.Mv- ^N«M^f«o..i ->^,«xiv. . i.^.^.x^ . 

X .... . « ciasrsi i,« 

'«l""!f ^-^cX ritio cosssp<n!jsd eOSSffsOSSiSf «f fl)« S«C<sj!d hs^ss- 

:;fesf!««f hssw-se^ tw:-? flivftfjiesis sjiamssis, 
la. AS! of:.!;iC5l objecfiv® as 0!&sss«d iR ci&isi ,U\ iS 
^ ^"j wfdefs the dsisfdef ccis«,y-o f cosissifwtsfis.! fe-s JhsfsS" 

« td« rs»g« of va^a- _ ^ i^slT fifi^~'<^i-^sbs^r-^SsSi^ 'o 

•» ' ^ '"^ 0 R^ ic-<-a -foe -^o ok-f>on!xo V. r 

^ faf:ge poRasji: havjRg A.t<bo V rsKssbsrs; ss-hiah dbilof by ahoiK 
ar-' v's^as^.H-^ ss^ s- >o v»r ac> i \ ^.e> 

:-a':i-;V>of ;:.ccs;rfifsg -^eft tf;o a'-raivsiarvt iocs; of j^y^ obKcJWe as. ds^mxS t-.!;>b-:v 1, r! 

Ui* obja^hvs ;s giasiftJ fhas f;aif :fs sriissOTs^r!! vj^ye m jj^^ ba«bkf «;s>fss;xi«e!Sf oasvsssfwfissj; ids ds^?*!-- 

" . O t ^ V . ^ . ^ NN . . , . 

riiejTshaf co.a-^io.ifix; >>f a db-sfgf:j!t sb-fs^sb? mefij««s t.oasaar conv«\ so sba frsiOJ vk'ish f;:.-i«;s .jf s:^ja-abefc 

c«m|50fi:e«; wish iss SMts^ices cossvax b> !,b« frosis afssi a s«fes{.Sf«!)aliy !» S-^?/;-. 5'5« <SifferiJfiCA b«;w«ss 

\v V V s s ^ ^' ^ . . . ^ V vS ^ !. . O 

coKsjsosiast and the j-aovabse bSvsrgeai shifsS msniber ^l^matSi of suob sovrifsoftos': bs>s^ aboist R,b§, »bbe 

eef5sis?.;ss|j; c.-f a ■•i<s!.b>k-:t c^>»sjsiJ«as5^ .bavisig sts h-essiswr- sbtT^ dUTos-eiWis f,50twao;-i Abbe V a»jsbof s af swsb 

vv"v e 5"a -o<. \> -j^roxes^M ^,!\o'^s-5^ , os "v. ^\.a\}!!. .b^ii'^ies^^bsca oaf jU.s ' a^^ 

'o>'e--s.S v> ! bos- aj, \bb^ \ ' a.sioi;, OS U-e a^e:!^ *b:f>! fousS ia'f>gfb of tf'O •.■^"vOX>.b\ 

3. opsscsi fsbwessve as. ciasss^as sss cksa;* s cbosess ra?ici jSrougbesiS tfje rassge of fass;RH>a. 

■a-ha,-'a Sbe Ifoas -..yd'aa-'; .if iSso c<.<.5>5iO:iO!:: eo.'«p!):-sass! of h^, .-^Xs; o;jticaS ofj>aaro<a of sbs ;^KiS> syfo (Sbas :s of 

!ha saoofib sjsefsibaf is cs>ocsve so sSse ffors): seci sba rssr ' ifs« tyys^; bavisig joSabsseb iiaovable faasrsSaes'ss vySsefeby 

saffsjca of saeh efss^possofil i!S ca-ssisas So fbs fs'sJaf, sba «q«ivai«»l fsJoaS ioogsb of Sbs ob|ects¥« eas bs; coss- 

0 "b- s osaas*H"f a 
las ^'bsraby opssiss 
^is.s O" \^a-> 
;;!.edi wbefess; ibss 

■s S.iS.f;. afib f! ; 


It is c«rJ:i.Fls5d Eihat fi-^rror iippsars Is <:ha above-- ;;<isiKs:if lad |!at5?«t 

f\saip;r>@g; Tr-e Hank Organ! sat ioy- Limited 

Signed ami ;?eaied this 27tb. day oC Noveii^ber 1973.