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(19) RU (1D 



2 192 673 
G 11 B 20/18 



C2 



^ ABSTRACT OF INVENTION 



(21), (22) Application: 99108118/28, 19.04.1999 


(71) 


Applicant: 






SAMSUNG EhLEKTRONIKS KO., LTD. (KR) 


(24) Effective date for property rights: 19.04.1999 






(72) 


Inventor: KO Dzung-van (KR) 


(30) Priority: 20.04.1998 KR 98-14059 




24.06.1998 KR 98-23913 


(73) 


Proprietor: 


23.07.1998 KR 98-29733 




SAMSUNG EhLEKTRONIKS KO, LTD. (KR) 


27.08.1998 KR 98-34880 






01.09.1998 KR 98-35847 


(74) 


Representative: 






Kuznetsov Jurij Dmitrievich 


(46) Date of publication: 1 0.1 1 .2002 






(98) Mail address: 






129010, Moskva, ul. B. Spasskaja, 25, str.3, 






OOO "Juridicheskaja firma Gorodisskij i 






Partnery", Ju.D.Kuznetsovu, reg.Na 595 







CM 

o 



CD 
CM 



(57) Abstract: 

FIELD: handling defects in recording or 
reproducing video and/or audio data. 
SUBSTANCE: proposed record medium, defect 
handling method, and real-time data 
recording method make use of random-access 
digital video disk (DVD-RAM). Record medium 
has recording area, reserve area, and defect 
handling data area that saves information 
showing whether linear exchange is used or 
not for real-time data recording. Proposed 
medium is compatible with standard DVD-RAM. 
In case message informs that there are 



blocks which were not linearly exchanged, 
linear exchange is not made in real-time 
data recording. Record medium can store 
information pointing to plurality of modes 
for handling various defects according to 
type of data recorded. EFFECT: provision for 
real-time data recording. 46 cl, 15 dwg 



Pl|P2|P3|P4|PS|"-|Pnl SI |."| 



ORHACTbflAHHWXnanbaOBATEJW ' OMACTbl 



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-2- 




2 192 673 
G 11 B 20/18 



C2 



( 12 > OflHCAHHE H3QEPETEHKfl K nATEHTY POCCHlTlCKOfi (PEflEPAUKH 



(21), (22)3aflBKa: 99108118/28, 19.04.1999 

(24) flaTa Ha4ana fleMCTBMfl naTem-a: 19.04.1999 

(30) npnopMTeT: 20.04.1998 KR 98-14059 
24.06.1998 KR 98-23913 
23.07.1998 KR 98-29733 
27.08.1998 KR 98-34880 
01.09.1998 KR 98-35847 

(46) flaTa ny6nnKat^nn: 10.1 1.2002 

(56) CcbiriKKi: WO 96/27882 A1 12.09.1996. WO 
95/24038 A1 08.09.1995. US 4656532 A 
07.04.1987. EP 0522750 A1 13.01.1993. EP 
0631277 A1 28.12.1994. US 5237553 A 

17.08.1993. RU 94037960 A1 20.08.1996. RU 
2095857 C1 10.11.1997. RU 2051428 C1 
27.12.1995. EP 0541219 A1 12.05.1993. EP 
0798712 A2 01 .10.1997. EP 0651389 A1 
03.05.1995. EP 0612071 A2 24.08.1994. EP 
0532356 A3 17.03.1993. RU 2024966 C1 

15.12.1994. US 5271018 A 14.12.1993. JP 
58-219658 A 21.12.1983. PATENT ABSTRACTS 
OF JAPAN. Vol.8, Na 75 (p.266), 07.04.1984. 
US 5146571 A 08.09.1992. 

(98) AflpecAfiH nepenHCKH: 

129010, MocKBa, yn. E. CnaccKan, 25, crp.3, 
OOO "lOpMAMHecKas) (feMpNia ropoAnccKMti m 
napTHepw", KXfl.Ky3Hei40By, per.Na 595 



(72) H3o6peTaTenb: KOfl3ym--B; 



(54) HOCHTEJlb 3AnHCM fl/m XPAHEHHJ1 HHOOPMAU.KH (BAPHAHTbl), CnOCOE ynPABJlEHHfl 
flEOEKTAMU H CHOCOE 3AI1KCH flAHHblX B PEAflbHOM MACHJTA5E BPEMEHM 



(57) 

H3o6peTeHMe othochtch k o6naoTM 
ynpaBneHMfl flecpeKTaMH ripn 3anncn vim 
BOcnpon3BefleHHH BKifleo- n/nnn ayflHOflaHHbix c 
McnoribaoBaHneM L^cppoBoro yHusepcanbHoro 
flucKa c nponsaoribHbiM flocTynoM (DVD-RAM). 
OnucaHbi Hocurerib 3anucn, cnoco6 ynpaBneHnsi 
flecpeKTaMU n onoco6 3anncn flaHHbix b 
peanbHOM MaciDTa6e BpeMeHH. Hocmenb 
3anncn HMeeT oCnacTb 3anncn, 3anacHyto 
o6nacTb m o6nacTb HHCpopMaLjMM ynpaaneHHft 
flecpeiaaMU, KOTopan xpaHUT MHcpopMaunio, 
yKa3biBaioiflyio, ficnonb3yeTCH nn jiHHetfHafl 
3aMeHa hjih HeT, atih 3annon flaHHbix b 
peanbHOM Macmraoe BpeMeHH. 

06ecne4MBaeTCf) coBMecTMMOCTb co 
OTaHflapTOM fluCKa DVD-RAM. Ilpn coo6ifleHMM 



Toro cpaicra, hto HMeiOTca 6jiokh, Korapbie He 
6binn nnHeiiHo 3aMeHeHbi, nHHetfHasi 3aMeHa He 
ooymeoTBJifleTGfl npn 3annon flaHHbix b 
peanbHOM MacwTa6e BpeMeHM. HocHTenb 
3anncn MO>KeT xpaHHTb MHCpopMauwo, 
noKasbiBaioiflyio MHOKecTBo pewMMOB 
ynpaBJieHHH pa3nnHHbiMM flecpeiaaMM b 
cooTBeTCTBMM c TMfioM 3anncbiBaeMbix flaHHbix. 
Bnaroflapn 3TOMy flaHHbie MoryT 3anncbiBaTbca 
n BOcnpoM3BOflMTboa b peanbHOM MaciUTaSe 
5 c. h 41 3.n. t] 



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Bocnpon3BeAeHusi BUfleo- n/nnw ayflHOflaHHbix 

H3 fiaMHTU C npOH3BOJlbHblM flOCTynOM 

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k cnoco6y 3annon flaHHbix b peanbHOM 
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T6XHMKH 

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BpeMeHHoe npepbiBaHne My3biKM, npn 

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BpeMeHU o noMOiflbio yorpoiicTBa 
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B Bepcun 1 ,0 CTaHflapTa L|yfl-03y pacKpbiT 
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cnoco&a ynpaBJieHun flecpeiaaMU STanu: 
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o6Hapy>KeHHbie b npoijecce MHHLtnannsauHH, n 

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16 ceiaopaMn) 6noKa KOfla ucnpaaneHwa 
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ceicrop, wvieioiUMii flecpeia, 06pa3OBaBwnStaH bo 
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CKonb3flii(aji 3aMeHa Kicnojib3yeTCH flnn 
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win Bocnpon3BefleHMM H3-3a flecpeiaoB, b 
Korapbix Howiep xioiwecKoro ceKTopa, KOTopwfl 
Heo6xoflMMO npnoBOMTb flecpeKTHOMy ceicropy, 
npucBaMBaeTCfl oeKTopy, cneflyioifleMy 3a 
flecpeKTHbiwi oeKTopoM, o6Hapy>KeHHbiM b 
TeMeHMe npoi^ecca cepTncpMKai4HW, KOTopwfl 
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3anncbiBai0TCfi mv\ Bocnpon3BOflflTCH nyTeM 
npooKajib3biBaHMfl ceiaopa, Ha kotopom 
o6pa30Bancfl flecpeia bo BpeMn 3anncn vim 
BocnpoM3BefleHna. B stom cny^ae HOMep 
peajibHoro cpM3MHecKoro ceiaopa npoflBuraeTcn 
o6paTHO b cooTBeTCTBHn c HOMepoM ceKTopa, 
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flecpeKTHoro oeirropa. TaKoe ocTaTOMHoe 
siBneHne pa3peniaeTC5i 3a cneT ncnonb30BaHHH 
ceicropoB, coBnaflaiomMX no Hucny flecpeicroB, 
HMeioiflnxcfl b 3anacHofi o6nacTM, KOTopaa 
pacnonoKeHa b KOHeMHoR nacTM 
cooTBeTCTByiomeii o6nacTH 3anHCM. 

OflHaKo cKonbSfiinyio 3awieHy Henb35i 
ncnonb30BaTb flns aecpeiaa, KOTopufi 



o6pa3yeTca bo BpeMfl ncnonb30BaHna flMCKa. 
Korfla flecpeKTHasi nacTb nrHopupyeTcw u 
nponycKaeTOfl, b wyMepaL^nn nornMeoKoro 
ceiaopa o6pa3yeTC$i paspbiB, KOTopuR 
03Ha^aeT, mto CKOJib3fimasi 3aMeHa HapyiuaeT 
opraHM3amiio cpatfnoBotf cucTeMbi. TaKMM 
o6pa30M, nnHePiHaa 3aivteHa ncnonb3yeTCH npn 
o6Hapy)KeHHH flecpeicra bo BpeMH 
McnojibsoBaHun flMCKa, mto 03HaqaeT 3aiweHy 
SnoKa KHO, BicniOMafi flecpeKTHbiR ceicrop c 
6riOKOM KHO, cyiflecTByioinnM b 3anacHoW 
o6nacTM. 

npn MCnonb30BaHMM JIMHeMHOK 3aMeHbl 

OTcyTCTByeT nponycK Hoiwepa nornMecKora 
ceiaopa, OflHaKo nono>KeHne ceiaopa Ha flMCKe 
He ABJisieTCfl HenpepbiBHbiM m peajibHbie 
flaHHbie, cooTBeTCTByiou^ne flecpeKTHOMy 6noKy 
KHO, HaxoflflTCfi b 3anacHoR o6nacTM. 

KaK onucaHO Bbiiue, npn 3anncn b peanbHOM 
MacujTa6e BpeMeHU, npw kotopom Henb3« 
npon3BonbHO BbinojiHHTb 3aflep>KKy bo BpeMeHU 
Ann BpeMeHHO BxoflnifleH MHCpopMaL\nn, 
Hanp^Mep bo BpeMJi 3anncn 
uJupoKOBemaTeribHoK MHcpopMamin v\m 
peanbHoro n3o6pa>KeHHH, Heo6xoflMMO, mto6u 
MHCpopMauina 3anncbiBanacb b 
nnHeRHO-3aMeHJieMOM o6nacTH b pe3yxibTaTe 
npot^ecca, b kotopom peaxibHbi^ flaTMMK 
npoxoflMT BnjioTb flo 3anacHoPi o6nac™ m 
ocymecTBnfleT noncK o6nacTH, KOTopyio 
Heo6xoflMMo riUHeRHO saMeHMTb, m npoijecca, b 
kotopom peaxibHbiPi flaT4HK B03BpamaeTca 
oSpaTHO. CneflOBaTenbHO, CKopocTb 3anncn 
yMeHbiuaeTca m noaTOMy HHCpopMaunio, 
nocTynaioinyio b peanbHOM MaciiiTa6e BpeMeHU, 
Herib3fi nenpepbiBHO 3anncbiBaTb nyTeM 
npuMeHeHMfi jiUHeMHOM 3aMeHbi. 

FlpeflycMOTpeHO, hto HaKonnTerib L4yfl-03Y 
b cooTBeTCTBMH c Bepcuefi 1,0 CTaHflapTa 
I4yfl-03y o6pa6aTbiBaeT Bee sto ynpaBneHne 
flecpeiaaMU flnn yMeHbiueHMfl 3arpy3KH rnaBHoro 
KOMnbKJTepa, ncnorib3yeMoro npn flMCKOBOfle. 
TnaBHbia KOMnbiOTep KOHCTpynpyeTcn flna 
nepeflann KOMaHflbi, Korapaa BbiflaeTCfl He flna 
ynpaaneHHfl flecpeiaaMU b flMCKOBOfle, 
ncnonbsyioineMy KOMaHfly, yKa3aHHyio b 
CTaHflapTe nHTepcpeRca. To ecTb, ecnn rnasHbiti 
KOMnbiOTep onpeflermeT, hto 6yfleT 
Bbino^HflTbca ynpaBneHne flecpeiaaMU, to 
npeflnonaraeTca, hto HenocpeflCTBeHHO 
ynpaBnenne flecpeiaaMU 6yfleT BbinonHiiTbCfl c 
noMombio flMCKOBOfla. 

fla)Ke, Korfla maBHbiR KOMnbiOTep He 
ynpaBJiweT flecpeiaaMM b cooTBeTCTBUM c 
noTpeSnocTbio npnioiaflHoR nporpaMMbi, amck 
UyA-03y b cooTBeTCTBMH c Bepcwefi 1,0 
CTaHflapTa L(yfl-03y o6?)3aTenbHO flo/DKeH 
ynpaBTinTb flecpeiaaMM, KOTopue sanncaHbi b 
cnncKe nepBUHHbix flecpeiaoB (Cllfl (PDL)) m b 
cnncKe BTopMHHbix flecpeiaoB (CBA (SDL)) b 
cooTBeTCTBUM c npaBM/ioM ynpaBneHUfl 
flecpeiaaMM, ecnn cymecTByeT o6nacTb, 
saMeneHHafl npM npocKanb3biBaHMM v\m 
jiMHe^HO 3aMeHeHHa« BcneflCTBue ynpaBJieHna 
flecpeiaaMU, BbinojiHeHHoro flpyrniw 
AMCKOBOflOM. B 3tom ciiyHae npeflycMOTpeHo, 
hto6u nono>KeHne flecpeKTHoro ceiaopa, 

3aMeHeHHOrO B COOTBeTCTBMH CO CKOJlb3fll4eK 

3aMeHoK, o6a3aTeribHO 6bmo 3anncaHO b OCH, 
m nono)KeHne flecpeKTHoro 6noKa, 3aMeHeHHoro 

B COOTBeTCTBHH C JIMHeMHOM 3aMeHO«, 6blflO 

3anncaHO b CBfl. To ecTb, Korfla flaHHbie 
3anncbiBaioTCfl nocne ycTaHoaneHMf) toto 
cpaiaa, hto cneL(ncpMHecKnR fluCKOBOfl He 
flon>KeH 6bin BbinojTHflTb ynpaBneHne 



AecpeiaaMU c npuMeHemieM nnHetiHofl 3aMeHbi, 
Hejib3H rapaHTuposaTb, mto Apyrne amckoboaw 
He flonxcHbi TaioKe BbinonHflTb nHHeRHyio 3aiueHy 
Ha tom xe caMOM flMCKe. 

noaTOMy, KorAa 3anncb BbinonHJieTCfl b 
peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMeHU c noMombio 
TeKyiuiero AHCKa L(yfl-03y, MoryT B03HUKHyTb 
3aTpyflHeHMfi H3-sa o6nac™, KOTopaa 6yfleT 
Mcnonb30BaTbcp c noMou^bio riMHeviHoii 3aMeHbi. 

KpaTKoe onucaHne M3o6peTeHWH 

flna peujeHMH BbitueynoMHHyTbix npo6neM 
3aflana HacToniAero M3o6peTeHHH 
npeaycMaTpMBaeT BbinoriHeHne HOCMTenn 
3anncn flra xpaHeHkifl MHCpopMauMM ynpaBneHHfl 
AecpeKTaMM, CBsnaHHOfl c Tewi, ucnonb3yeTCH nn 
jiHHeKHaa 3aMeHa win HeT f\na 3anncn AaHHbix b 
peanbHOM MaciuTa6e BpeMeHU. 

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TunoM 3annobiBaeMbix AaHHbix. 

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ncnonb30BaTb. 

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3aMeHaeTca Ha 3anacHyio o6nacTb. 

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50 ynpaBneHMH AecpeiaaMW, npeACTaBnaioLUMX 

l^j 00608 npuMeHeHne win HenpuMeHeHne 
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O sanncbiBaeMbix AaHHbix. 

flna BbinonHeHMJi TpeTbefl 3aAaMM 
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w nHCtiopMaunn, KOTopaa npeACTaBnneT co6oti 
OTcyTCTBue npHMeHeHun nuHeflHofl 3aMeHbi ppn 
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cpeAe B o6nac™ ynpaBneHMfl AecpeKiaMM, b 

O KoropoH pa3Meu4eHa TonbKO sanaoHaa o6nacTb 
Ann 0Konb3flme« 3aMeHbi. 

flnfi BbinonHeHun HeTBepTO^ 3aAaHM 
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cornacHO HacToameMy n3o6peieHnio mm 
ycTpo&CTBa 3anncn n/nnn Bocnpon3BeAeHMfl 
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HHCfrapMamiio, npeACTaBnaioiAyio oo6oPi 
npuMeHeHne nnn HenpuMeHenne ynpaBneHna 
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o6nacTH AHOKa, n (b) onpeAenniOT, 6yAeT nn 
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3aMeHy, cornacHO HHcbopMaunn, 

npeAOTaBnmomeR npuMeHeH/ie nnn 
HenpuMeHeHne ynpaBneHMH AecpeiaaMU npn 
nuHeftHoft 3aMeHe. 

flnn BbinonHeHMJi nflToW 3aAann npeAnoKeH 
cnoc»6 3anncn ashhux b peanbHOM MaoujTa6e 
BpeMeHU npn ynpaBneHHH AecbeKTOM Ha A^CKe, 
ncnonb3yioiAeM yarpoifcTBO Ann 3anncn n/nnn 
Bocnpon3BeAeHMfi AUCKa, cnoco6, coAep>KaiAHM 
3Tanbi: (a) onpeAeraioT, 6yAeT nn 
ncnonb30BaTbcn MHCbopMaL(nsi o peacHMe 
ynpaBneHMR Aec^eKTaMM, npeACTaBnflKJiAan 
co6ofi ynpaaneHne AecpeiaaMU, ocHOBaHHoe Ha 
nnHeviHoR 3aMeHe, (b) onpeAenaiOT, ABnfliOTOfl 
nn AaHHbie, Koropue 6yAyT 3annobiBaTbcn, 
AaHHbiMn b peanbHOM MacniTa6e BpeMeHU, 
KorAa MHcbopMamif) o pe>KHMe ynpaBneHUR 
AecpeiaaMM aBnfleTcn HHcbopMai^neR o tom, hto 
nnHefiHan 3aMeHa He 6yAeT ucnorib30BaTbCfl, (c) 
onpeAenaioT, npucyTCTByeT nn nnHeflHo 
saMeHeHHbiR Aecpeia b o6nacTM Ann 3anncn 
AaHHbix, KorAa AaHHbie, KOTopwe 6yAyT 
3anncbiBaTbca, flBnnioTCfl AaHHbiMn b peanbHOM 
MacujTa6e BpeMeHM, m (d) onpeAeraioT, 
o6Hapy>KHBaeTCfl nn hobnK Aecbeia b o6nacTH 
Ann 3anncn flaHHbix, Korfla OTcyTCTByeT nnHeiiHO 
3aMeHeHHbiR Aecbeia b o6nacTM Ann 3anncn 
AaHHbix, m 3anncbiBaioT AaHHbie b peanbHOM 
MacujTa6e BpeMeHM b Tpe6yeMoK o6nacTi^ b 
cnynae, Korfla HOBbiM flecbeKT He o6Hapy>KeH. 

KpaTKoe onucaHne HepTewefi 

Cyii(HOCTb n3o6peTeHiw unraooTpupyeTcn 
ccbinKOM Ha conpoBOAMTenbHbie nepTe>KM, Ha 

KOTOpblX: 

cpur. 1 n3o6pa>KaeT bha, o6"bHCHf)ioiHMW 
cnoco6 ynpaBneHnsi AecbeicraMn 0 

a cKonb3nmeK 3aMeHbi HOCHTenn 



dpur. 2 M3o6pa)KaeT bha, o6-b?ioHaioiAHM 
cnoco6 ynpaBneHHfl AecpeiaaMU c 
npMMeHeHHeM n^HePiHoCi 3aMeHbi i 



4>nr.3 M3o6pa>KaeT Ta6nMLiy OTpyirrypbi 
onpeAeneHHH AedseicroB (Cllfl (DDS)); 

cpnr.4A h 4B M3o6pa)KaiOT CTpyicrypbi cpnara 
cepTMCpuKai^HM AHCKa m cpnara cepTHCpHKai^HM 
rpynnw (cpnr.3) cooTBeTCTBeHHo; 

cpur. 5 H3o6pa>KaeT Ta6nni^y coAep>KaHmi 
cnnoKa BTopuHHbix flecpeKTOB (CBfl (SDL)); 

cpnr.6 M3o6pa>KaeT CTpyicrypy cpnara 
nonHocTbio 3anacHoK o6nacTH (4)nr.5); 

cpnr.7 H3o6pa>KaeT CTpyicrypy BBOAa CBfl 
(donr.5); 

cpnr.8A h 8B H3o6pa>KaeT CTpyioypbi cpnara 
cepTucpMKamw flMCKa m cpnara cepTMcpHKai^MH 
rpynnbi Cnfl m» 3anncn AaHHbix b peanbHOM 
MacujTa6e BpeMeHU cooTBeTCTBeHHo cornacHO 
HacTonmeMy M3o6peTeHH»; 

opur. 9 M3o6pa>KaeT anropMTM, 
noKa3biBaioiAi™ BapMaHT ooyiAeoTBneHHH 
onoc»6a 3anncn AaHHbix cornacHO cnoco6y 
ynpaBneHnq AecpeiaaMU HacTOHinero 
M3o6peTeHMH; 

cpur. 10 M3o6pa>KaeT npMMep CTpyioypbi 
BBOAa ynyniiieHHoro CBfl OTMeHbi 
nHHetiHoii 3aMeHbi cornacHO HacToameMy 
M3o6peTeHMio; 

cpnr.11 M3o6pa>KaeT npMMep Cl~lfl Ana 
xpaHeHMfl HHCpopMaLiHH, noKa3biBaioineR 
MHO>KecTB0 pa3nnHHbix pe>KHMOB ynpaBneHHfi 
AecpeiaaMU, cornacHO HacTonmeMy 



ZD 

a: 



M3o6peTeHHio; 

cpMr. 12 n3o6pa>KaeT Ta6nM 4 y, i 
noKa3aHbi pacnpefle/ieHHbie 3anacHbie o6nac™ 
Ana 3anncn AaHHbix b peajibHOM MacwTaoe 
M3o6peTeHMa m BpeMeHM comacHO HacroameMy 
M3o6peTeHMio; m 

cpnr.13 M3o6pa>KaeT Cllfl m CTpyicrypy 
ocHOBHoro cnnoKa AecpeKTOB OCA(PDL) Ana 
xpaHeHMJi MHCpopMai4MM o pewnivie ynpaBneHMa 
AecpeiaaMM comaoHo HacToameMy 
M3o6peTeHMio Ana pacnpefleneHna 3anaoHbix 
o6nacTeR TOJibKO Ana 3anncn b peanbHOM 
MaciiiTaBe BpeMeHM (cpnr.12). 

noApoSHoe onucaHiie npeAnoHwenbHoro 
BapnaHTa ocyiAecTBneHMa 

Hn»ce onucaHbi npeAnoHTMTenbHbie 
eapnaHTbi ooytAeoTBneHMS HOCMTena 3anncn, 
xpaHameK MHCpopMai^nio ynpaBneHMa 
AecpeiaaMM Ana aamm AaHHbix b peanbHOM 
MacniTa6e BpeMeHM, cnoco6 ynpaBneHMa 
AecpeirraMU, Mcnonb3yK>LL|MM to xe oaMoe, m 
cnoco6 3anncn AaHHbix b peanbHOM MacwTaoe 
BpeMeHU co ccujiKaMU Ha conpoBOAMTenbHbie 
HepTe>KM. 

flna noHUMaHMfl HacToamero M3o6peTeHnn 
HMwe noAPofiHO onacbiBaeTca CKonb3amaa 
3aMeHa n nmeVimn 3aMeHa co ccbinraM Ha 
cpwr.1 n 2. 

Ha cpnr.1 n3o6pa>KeH bma, otibacHaiOLAMM 
cnoco6 ynpaBneHMa AecpeiaaMM, 
Mcnonb3yioiAMM CKonb3aiAyto 3aMeHy. 
<t>M3nnecKMe aApeca Ha py\CK& (cpnr.1) 3anMcaHbi 

KaK P1, P2, P3 Pn, m Ann 3anncn 

peanbHbix AaHHbix b stom cf)M3MHecKH 
cerMeHTupoBaHHOM ceiaope o6a3aTenbHO 
npeAycMOTpeHbi nornMecKne aApeca. 3tm 
nornnecKne aApeca AeiteTByioT KaK aApeca, 
no3BOJiHioLL|Me peanbHOM cpaflnoBofi CMcreMe 

npOH3BOAHTb nOMCK CBOMX COOCTBeHHblX 
AaHHblX. OAHaKO CBfl3b Me>KAy CpM3HHeCKMMM 

aApecaMU n norMHecKMMM aApecaMM 
ocymecTBnseTCH b npoi^ecce HHHL\nanM3au[MH 
AMCKa. Ecnn Aecpeia o6Hapy>KMBaeTca Ha 
TpeTbeM cpM3HHecKOM ceiaope P3 (cpwr.1), 
nornMecKMK aApec He Ha3HanaeTca 9T0My 
AecpeKTHOMy ceicropy v\ HOMep L3 nortwecKoro 
ceiaopa Ha3HaHaeTcn cjieAytoiueiviy 
cpM3HHecKOMy ceiaopy PA. 3aTeM nornMecKne 
ceKTopa nocneAOBaTejibHO npoABMraioTca 
oSpaTHO c noivioiAbio HMcna AecpeKTHbix 
ceKTopoB, n 3anacHaa ocriacTb, pacnonoweHHaa 
b KOHi4e cooTBeTCTByiomeM rpynnbi AaHHbix 
ncnorib3yeTca c noMombio npoABMHyTofl Macro. 
B stom cnoco6e CKonb3ameM 3aMeHbi 
acpcpeKTHBHaa o6pa6oTKa b MOAynax ceKTopa 
B03MO>KHa c noMombio npocTora 
npocKanb3biBaHMfi flecpeiaHoft o6nacTM n flaTMHK 
He o6fl3aTeribHO nepeMe^aTb b Apyroe MecTO 
nocne 3anncn m Bocnpon3BeAeHM« c noMombio 
npocToro nrHopupoBaHun n nponycxa 
AecpeKTHoR MacTH. TaKMM o6pa30M, Aecpeirmyio 
o6nacTb mo>kho M36ex<aTb npn yMeHbweHMM 
BpeMeHM 3aflep>KKM. B stom cnynae nonoweHMe 
AecpeKTHoro ceKTopa, kotophm 3aMeHaeTca c 
noMombio cKonb3fiiAeM 3aMeHbi, 3anMCbiBaeTca b 
OCfl. 

Ha cpMr. 2 M3o6pa>KeH bma, o6-bflCH«ioinnM 
cnocot) ynpaBneHMa AecpeiaaMM c 
npMMeHeHMeM jiMHefiHoSi saMeHbi. npn 
JiMHeMHoR 3aMeHe Ana o6pa6oTKM 
o6Hapy>KeHHbix AecpeKTOB, B03HMKaiotAMX bo 
BpeMfl Mcnorib30BaHMa p)acyb nocne 
MHMi4nanM3ai4MM, AecpeKTbi ynpaBnaHDTca b 
MOAyne 6ri0Ka KHO, to ecTb b MOAynax, 
MMeiou^MX 16 ceKTopoB. flpyrMMM ( 



KorAa b cnei^McpMnecKOM ceiaope B03HMKaeT 
oiuM6Ka m TaKMM o6pasoM o6Hapy>KMBaeTca 
Aecpeia, ecnM nepeMeu^eHMe b MOAyJi^x, no 
MeHbiuen Mepe, c 1 6 ceiaopaMM He AenaeTca 
Ana McnpaBneHna oujm6ok, MOAynb 
McnpaBJieHMa oujm6km Ka>KAbix AaHHbix, 
npeABapMTeribHO 3anncaHHbix Ha flMCKe, Aon>KeH 
6biTb M3MeHeH. TaKMM o6pa30M, Aon>KHa 
BbinonHaTbca o6pa6oTKa b MOAyne 6noKa KMO m 
cnoco6 CKonb3aiAeM 3aMeHbi c 
npocKanb30BaHMeM AecpeKTHoro ceiaopa m 
Ha3HaneHMeM norMHecKoro ceiaopa Henbsa 
Mcno/ib30BaTb, TaK KaK nornHecKMM aApec 
oBnacTM, rAe AaHHbie, KOTopbie ywe 6biiiM 
3anMcaHbi, Henb3a M3MeHMTb. KorAa Aecpeia 
BOSHMKaeT b norMHecKOM 6noKe LB3 (cpMr.2), 
AecpeKTHaa o6nacTb, KOTopaa 3anMCbiBaeTca b 
CBfl, He 6yAeT Mcnorib30BaTbca m AecpeKTHaa 
nacTb 3aMenaeTca Ha npMTOAHWM Ana 
Mcnonb30BaHMa 6jiok, cyiAecTByioiAMM b 
3anacH0M o6nacTM. 3aMeHeHHbiB 6tiok (SBk Ha 
cpMr. 2) b 3anacHoB ot)JiacTM MMeeT tot xce 
caMbiM norMMecKMM HOMep (LB3) 6noKa, KaK n 

OUJMC)0MHblti 6flOK. 

B nocneAOBaTeribHOCTM BOcnpoM3BeAeHMa, 
noKa3aHHOM Ha cpMr.2, CMMTbiBaHne 
npoAonxaeTca TOJibKO nepeA AecpeKTHbiM 
6jiokom, KaK b o6nacTM 1, 3aMeHeHHbiti 6tiok 
KMO, cymecTByiomMM B 3anacH0M o6nacTM, 
CHMTbiBaeTca c noMoinbio nepeMemeHMa 
AaTHMKa Mfin aHanorMMHbiM cnoco6oM, KaK m b 
o6nacTM 2, m AaHHbie HenpepbiBHO cnnTbiBaioTca 
M3 6noKa, HaxoAaiAeroca cpa3y 3a cneAyiouiMM 
AecpeKTHbiM OnoKOM, KaK b oSnacTM 3. flna Toro 
HTo5bi o6pa6aTbiBaTb Aecpeiabi, KaK onMcaHO 
Bbiiue, nepeMemeHMe AaTMMKa npoMcxoAMT 
TaKMM cnoco6oM, KaK b npoi^ecce noMCKa 
AaHHbix M b npoi4ecce B03BpaiiieHMa 6rioKa 
cpa3y 3a cneAyioinMM AecpeKTHbiM 6jiokom 
nocne cnnTbiBaHMa 3aMeHeHHoro 6xi0Ka. TaKMM 
o6pa30M, Ana cHMTHBaHMa mjim sanMCM AaHHbix 
Tpe6yeTca mhoto BpeMeHM, TaK hto 3TO 
ynpaBneHMe AecpeiaaMM He npeAHa3HaMeHO Ana 
3anMCM b peanbHOM MaciiJTa6e BpeMeHM. 

Ha cpMr. 3 M3o6pa>KeHa Ta6riML^a CTpyioypbi 
onpeAeneHMa AMCKa (Cnfl), cymecTByioiAeM b 
o6nacTM ynpaBneHMa AecpeiaaMM (OYfl (DMA)) 
L4Yfl-03y. B nacTHOCTM, nono)KeHMe 6atiTa (nB 
(BP)) 3, cpnar cepTMcpMKai^MM A^cKa, 
sanMCbmaeT cepTMCpni4MpoBaHHoe coAep>KMMoe 
Bcero AMCKa m nB 16-39, cpnarM cepTMCpMKaL(MM 
rpynnbi, npoM3BOAaT sanMCb c»Aep>KaHMa 
cepTMCpMKat^MM o 24 rpynnax AaHHbix. 

KpoMe Toro, nB 0 m 1 aBJiaioTca 
MAeHTMCpMKaTopaMM Cllfl m nB 4-7 aBJiaioTca 
3HaHeHMaMM cHeTMMKOB Ana o6HOBneHMa 
Cnfl/OCfl, npeACTaBnaioiAMMM co6om o6mee 
KonMHecTBO oSHOBiieHMa m nepe3anncM 6noKa 
Cnfl/OCfl. To ecTb b Hana/ie MHMUMa/iM3auMM, 
3HaHeHMe cMeTMMKa ycTaHaBHMBaeTca b "0" m 
yBeriMMMBaeTca Ha eAMHMny BcaKMii pa3, KorAa 
Cnfl/OCfl o6HOBnaeTca MnM 
nepe3anMCbiBaeTca. Bee 6tiokm Cnfl/OCfl m 

CBfl AOTDKHbl MMeTb OAMHaKOBOe 3H3HeHMe 

cneTHMKa nocne 3aBepiueHMa cpopMaTMpoBaHMa. 
nB 8 m 9 o603HaMaeT mmcho rpynn m, HanpMMep, 
24 rpynnbi 3anMCbiBaioTca KaK "0018" 
(LuecTHaAUaTMpMHHoe HMcno). 

Ha cpMr.4A M3ot>pa>KeHbi CTpyioypbi cpnara 
cepTM0MKaL(MM A^CKa, noKa3aHHoro Ha qbMr. 3. 
KorAa 6mt b7 cpeAM Tpex 6mtob b7 b6 b5, 
npeACTaanaiomMX cocroaHMe "HaxoAaiAMeca b 
npoi^ecce", paBeH "Ob", oto yKa3biBaeT Ha 
3aBepiueHMe cpopMaTa, m KorAa 6mt b7 
npMHMMaeT 3HaneHMe "1b", sto yKa3biBaeT Ha 



cocTOHHue "noflcfiopMupoBaHMH". KorAa 6mt b6 
npMHMMaeT 3HaneHMe "Ob", sto yKa3biBaeT Ha 
ycnewHoe BbinonHeHne cbopMaTupoBaHun c 
ncnojib30BaHweM noxiHoPi cepTMCpMKaijMK, m 
Korfla 6mt b6 npuHUMaeT 3HaMeHMe 1b", 3TO 
yKa3biBaeT Ha ycnewHoe BbinonHeHKie 
45opMaTnpoBaHMfl c ncnonb30BaHneM naCTWHofi 
cepTncpnKai4HM. Korfla 6mt b5 paBeH "Ob", sto 
yKa3biBaer Ha ycneaiHoe BbinojiHeHne 
cbopNiaTHpoBaHHH Ha bcbm flMCKe, n Korfla 6ht 
b5 npuHUMaeT 3HaMenne 1b", sto yKa3biBaeT Ha 
ycnewHoe BbinonHeHne cpopMaTMpoBaHMH 
TO/ibKO no rpynnaM m yKa3biBaeT, mto cpnar 
cepTucpuKauMn rpynnu mnn&jcn 
3CpcpeKTMBHbiM . Korfla 6mt b1, npeAOTaanaioiUMPi 
cepTMCpMKaijMio nonb30BaTenn, paBen "Ob", sto 
yKa3bmaeT Ha to, hto amok HHKoraa He 
cepTucpni^npoBancfl nonb30BaTeneM, m Korfla 
6ht b1 paBeH "1b", sto yKa3biBaeT Ha to, hto 
AHCK yme 6bm cepTWpMLjMpoBaH nonb30BaTeneM 
oflHH nnn HecKonbKO pa3. Korfla 6ht bO, 
npeflCTaBjiHioLAHtf co6om cepTUcpHKai^uro 
M3roTOBHTenn fluoKa, paBeH "Ob", sto 
yKa3biBaeT Ha to, mto amck HMKorAa He 
cepTUcbHijHpoBancH H3roTOBWTeneM, n KorAa 6mt 
0 paBeH "1b", sto yKa3biBaeT Ha to, mto amck 
6bin cepTMcpni^npoBaH n3roTOBMTeneM oflHH nnn 
HecKonbKO pa3. flpyme 6nTbi b4, b3 vt b2 

HBnfllOTCH pe3epBHblMM. OflHaKO 6HTbl, 

"HaxoflfHAneca b npoL(ecce", yoTaHaBnuaaioTCfl 
b "1" c noMombto nto6ofl cepTUCpMKamiM nepeA 
HananoM cbopMaTupoeaHna m noone 
3aBepweHMfl cbopMaTupoBaHun 6mtu, 
"HaxoAfliAneca b npoi^ecce", ycTaHasnMBaioTCfl 
b "000". 

Our. 4B n3o6pa>KaeT cTpyirrypy Kax<floro 
cpnara cepTMCpuKai^nn rpynnbi nojio>KeHMM 6nTa 
16-39 (cpKir. 3). Korfla 6ht b7 cpeflM flsyx 
6htob b7 m b6, npeflCTaBJiflKJinnx cocTOHHMe 
o6pa6oTKM AaHHbix b pea/ibHOM MaoiuTaSe 
BpeMeHM, npuHUMaeT 3HaMeHne "Ob", sto 
yKa3biBaeT Ha 3aBepiueHMe cpopMaTa 
cTByiomeW rpynnu, m KorAa 6mt b7 



"1b", 3T0 



MTO 



cooTBeTCTByiomafl rpynna oTcbopMaTMposaHa. 
KorAa 6ut b6 paBeH "Ob", sto yKa3biBaeT Ha 
to, mto rpynna oTcpopMaTMposaHa c 
ncnorib30BaHneM nonHOM cepTMCpMKaL\KM, m 
KorAa 6mt b6 paBeH "1b", sto yKa3NBaeT Ha 
to, mto rpynna OTCpopMa™poBaHa o 
ncnonb30BaHneM MacTMMHOM cepTMCpMKaiiMM. 
KorAa 6mt b1, npeflCTaBnaioiuMM coooR 
cepTUcbuKauMio nonb30BaTenfi, paBeH "Ob", sto 
noKa3biBaeT, mto rpynna HHKorAa He 6bina 
cepTucpni^npoBaHa nonb30BaTeneM, m KorAa 6ht 
b1 paBeH "1b", sto noKa3biBaeT, mto rpynna 
6bina cepTUCpnunpoBaHa nonb30BaTenen/i oamh 
win HecKonbKO pa3. flpyrne 6hth b5, b4, b3, 
b2 n bO ocraioTCH pe3epBHbiiwn. 

Ha cpnr. 5 M3o6pa>KeHa Taormi^a, 
noKa3biBaKDiAa?i coAepwaHMe cnwcKa BTopuMHbix 
flecbeKTOB (CBfl). nB npeflCTaBnaeT C0608 
nonoxeHMe cooTBeTCTByioinero oatfTa, HaMUHaa 
cO. nono)KeHHfl 0 m 1 cooTBeTCTByiomnx 6aiiTOB 

HBnfllOTCfl HAeHTMCpHKaTOpaMM CBfl, n 

nonoxeHMfl 2 m 3 cooTBeTCTByioiMMX SailTOB 
flBJlHKJTCa pe3epBHbiMH. l"lono>KeHMfl 4-7 
o6o3HaHaioT o6mee nncno o6HOBnsHHbtx 6noKOB 
CBfl, n o6H0BneHHbie 3HaMeHn« CMeTMUKa CBfl 
yBe/iHHMBaiOTCH Ha eflHHHL<y bcakh£i pa3, KorAa 
o6HOBJi5ieTOfl coAepjKMMoe CBfl. nonoweHMH 
cooTBeTCTByK)ii|ero 6aKTa 8-15 o6o3HaMaioT 
cpnarn noriHOCTbio sanacHoK o6nao™, m 
nonoxeHMft cooTBeTCTByiomero 6a«Ta 16-19 
o6o3HaMaiOT o6HOBnaioiAneca 3HaMeHna 



cMeTMnKa Cnfl/OCfl, Ka>KflbiR M3 KOTopbix 
noKa3biBaeT o6mee KonnMecTBO o6HOBneHHH n 
nepe3annon 6noKa Cnfl/OCfl. 3HaMeHne 
CMeTMUKa ycTaHaBJiMBaeTcj) b "0" nocne HaMana 
MHW4nann3aLinn n yBennMMBaeTOfl Ha 1 bchkmm 
pa3, Korfla Cnfl/OCfl o6HOBnneTC5i nnn 
nepe3anncbiBaeTCH. KaK ynoMHHyTO Bbiuje, Bee 
6noKM Cnfl/OCH n CBfl AOJDKHbi nivieTb 
OAnHaKOBoe 3HaMeHne cneTa nocrie Toro, KaK 
3aK0HMMTcn cbopMaTupoBaHne. nono)KeHHfi 20 v\ 
21 cooTBeTCTByiomero 6aRTa ABJinioTOfl 
pe3epBHbiMH, n nono>KeHM5i 22 n 23 
cooTBeTCTByioiAero 6aMTa noKa3biBaioT mi^ctio 
bxoaob b CBfl. OoTaBLUMecfl nono)KeHHJi 
cooTBeTOTByroiAnx 6atfTOB noKa3biBaioT Ka«AbiR 
bboa CBfl. 

Ha qbnr.6 M3o6pa)KeHa CTpyicrypa 43Jiara 
noxiHOCTbio 3anacHoR o6xiacTH nono>KeHMK 8-1 5 
cooTBeTCTByioLAHX 6a^TOB (cpnr. 5). Ha cpnr.6, 
ecnn 6ht, npeAOTasnmoiAni^ cooTBeTCTByiomyio 
rpynny, HMeeT 3HaMeHne "1", to sto 
noKa3biBaeT, mto 3anaoHbie 6noKii He ocTaioTCJi 
b cooTBeTOTByioiAeM rpynne, m ecnn 6mt niweeT 
3HaMeHne "0", to sto noKa3biBaeT, mto 
sanacHoB 6noK ocTaeTcn b cooTBeTOTByioinePi 
rpynne. 

Our. 7 M3o6pa>KaeT CTpyioypy BBOAa CBfl, 
noKa3aHHyio Ha cpnr.5. Ha cpnr.7 FRM ABJUteTCH 
6mtom, npeACTaBJinioiAUM to, mto 6bin saivieHeH 
AecpeKTHbiR 6noK. Korfla fleqbeKTHbiR 6noK 6bin 
saMeneH, FRM sannobiBaeT abommhnR "0", n 
Korfla flecpeKTHbiR 6jiok He 6bin 3aMeHeH nnn 
OTcyTCTBOBann 3anaonbie o6nacTH, FRM 
3anncbiBaeT flBOMMHyio "1 ". Bboa CBfl BKnioMaeT 
b oe6a HOMep nepBoro ceicropa flecbeKTHoro 
CnoKa n HOMep nepBoro ceiaopa 3aMeHflioinero 
6noKa. B stom onyMae, eonn AecpeKTHbiK 6noK 
He 6bin 3aMeHeH, ujecTHaALiaTnpuMHoe mhotio 
"000000" 3anncbiBaeTCH b o6nacTb, rAe 
peracTpwpyeTCH HOMep nepBoro ceKTopa 
3aivieH5iioiAero 6noKa. 

Me>KAy TeM, npn 3anncn b pearibHOM 

MaClDTa6e BpeMeHM B03MO)KHOCTb o6pa6oTKH 
cooTBeTCTByioiAnx flaHHbix b TeMeHne 3aflaHHoro 
BpeMeHn CTaHOBMTCS) 6onee Ba>KHoR, Meiw 
HeKOTopwe oujm6km peanbHbix asmhnx. B 
MacTHOCTn, b cnyMae n3o6pa>KeHMn nnn TOMy 
noAoBHoro oiunSKa o6Hapy>KMBaeTcsq Ha 
KaKOM-nn6o mqcth SKpaHa, Korfla b n3o6pa>KeHMM 
npncyTCTByeT ManeHbKaa ouji^6Ka. C APyroH 
cTopoHbi, KorAa BXOAHbie AaHHbie Herib3fl 
o6pa6oTaTb bo BpeMenn, b ashhux nocTonHHo 
B03HHKaeT oiun6Ka, KOTopan npnBOAMT k 

HeB03MO>KHOO™ HOpMajlbHOTO 

BOcnpon3BeAeHHfl. CneAOBaTenbHo, o6pa6oTKa 

flaHHblX BO BpeMeHM ABJiaeTCfl OHeHb Ba»HOM. 

TaKMM o6pa30M, pf\n 3annon b pearibHOM 
MacwTa6e BpeMeHM npeAnaraeTOfi 
ncnorib30BaTb onoco6, no3BOJinioiAnR He 
ncnonb30BaTb nnHeRHyio 3aiweHy. KorAa 
riHHeiiHafl 3aMeHa He ncnorib3yeTCfl, Aon>KHa 
6biTb MacTb, npon3BOA«iAa3 3annob Toro cpaiaa, 
mto cooTBeTCTByioiAMM amck wcnonb3yeTCH 6e3 
npMMeHeHnfi ^MHetiHOM 3aMeHbi. Cnoco6 3anwcM 
TaKoro coAepxaHnfl 6yAeT onucaH co cobiriKOM 
Ha tbnr. 8A m 8B. 

<J>nr. 8A m SB M3o6pa>KaiOT CTpyicrypbi cpriara 
cepTMCpnKaLiMM A^cKa n cpnara oepTucpuKai^nn 
rpynnw Cnfl, npeAno>KeHHbie b HacTOJiineM 
M3o6peTeHnn Ana 3annon ashhux b pearibHOM 
MaciuTaSe BpeMeHM cooTBeTCTBeHHo. 
CTpyiaypw cpnara cepTMCpMKai^MM AMOKa m 
cpnara cepTMCpMKauMM rpynnbi (cpMr. 8A m 8B) 
flBnniOTca TaKMMM Me, KaK m Ha cpMr. 4A m 4B, 
3a MCKnioMeHMeM nono>KeHMfl 6MTa b2. To ecTb, 



CD 
CM 



3 
EH 



o 



K3K noKa3aHO Ha cpMr. 8A, KorAa Becb 
cooTBeTCTBytomn^ amck Mcnonb3yeTCH 6e3 
nnHe^Hofl 3aMeHbi, nonoxceHMe Qvna b2 cbnara 
ceprncf)HKau,MM fluoKa ycTaHaBnusaeTca b "1 ", m 
Korfla Monojib3yeTcn cooTBeTCTByiomMM ahok c 

noMombio nMHeMHOM 3aMeHbl, KaK b 

npefltuecTByiomeM ypoBHe TexHUKM, nonoweHMe 
6nTa b2 yoTaHaBjinBaeTCfl b "0". Ha cbMr. 8A m 
8B MHcbopMai^a CBH3aHHafi c npuMeHeHneiw 
nnn HenpuMeHeHneM nnHe^HoPi 3aMeHbi, 
coxpaHeHHOfi b nonoaceHMM 2 (b2) 6mt, 
Ha3biBaeToa pewuMOM ynpaBneHMH AecbeicraMM 
flucKa. 

TaioKe B cnynae, KorAa TonbKO 
cneL(ncbMMecKMe rpynnu nacTMHHO 

nHni4najiM3npyi0TC!i An« npeflOTBpameHMR 
nuHe&Hofi 3aMeHbi, KaK noKa3aHO Ha cpur. 8B, 
nonoxeHMe 2(b2) 6mt cbnara cepTMCpMKat^MM 
rpynnu Ann cooTBeTCTByiomeM rpynnu 
yoraHaBJiMBaeTcsi b "1", htoou noKa3aTb, hto 
nMHeMHaa 3aMena He BbinojiHfleTCfl b oonacTM 
flaHHbix B cooTBeTCTByioLL(e8 rpynne. B 
BapnaHTe ocymecTBneHna HacToatflero 
M3o6peTeHna nono>KeHMfl 2(b2) 6mt cbnara 
cepTMtbuKauiMn flMCKa vt cbnara cepTucbuKai^nn 
rpynnu Mcnonb3yioTCS), KaK noKa3aHO Ha cbur. 8A 
n 8B, ho mo>kho nono/ib30BaTb m ApyroK 
3ape3epBnpoBaHHbiR 6mt. B stom cnynae 
pe3epBnpyeTcn Kaunas cymecTByroman o6nacTb 
b2 m ee 3HaHeHne 3anncuBaeTCH b BMfle "0". 

KorAa 6mt b2 ppn pewMMa ynpaBneHMH 
Aecpeiaa AMCKa cbnara cepTUCpHKauHM AMCKa 
Vim cbnara cepTMCpMKaijMM rpynnu 
ycTaHaBnuBaeTCH b "1" nocne MHMi(ManM3ai^MM 
AncKa, CBfl 3anncbiBaeT TonbKO aApec ceicropa 
Havana 6noKa, MMeiomero AecbeKT, 
B03HHKaiomn^ bo BpeMH ncnonb30BaHMfl AMCKa, 
3annobiBaeT 6mt FRM BBOfla CBfl KaK "1" n 
nnHefiHan 3awieHa He BbinonHaeTCH. 
LLIecTHaAi^aTupMMHoe nucno "000000" 
3anncbiBaeTcn b o6nacTH Ann sannon nepBoro 
HOMepa ceiaopa 3aMeHflioiflero 6noKa BBOAa 
CBfl. 

TaKMM o6pa30M, npn noAflepwaHMM 
ooBMecTHMOOTM MewAy onoco6oM ynpaaneHUfi 
AecbeicraMM, ocHoaaHHOM Ha TeKymeM 
cTaHAapTe i4yfl-03Y, n cnoco6oM HacToamero 
M3o6peTeHHH, to ecTb npeAnaraeTca cnoooe, 
no3BonflioiHMM oTOOpawaTb cytflecTBOBaHMe 
HennHefiHO 3aMeHeHHbix ojiokob, KaK n b 
cymecTByiomeM cnocooe ynpaBneHMH 
AecbeicraMM, to TaioKe BbinonHHeTca cnoco6, 
no3BonqK>LflHM HenMHeiiHO 3aivieHHTb flecpeicrHbie 
6noKM, TaKMM o6pa30M BbinonHHH 3anncb n 
socnpoM3BeAeHne abhhux b peanbHOM 
MacwTa6e BpeMeHM. 

OnpeAeneHne HesaBnonMo ot toto, 6yAeT 
nn 3aMeHHTbCH AecbeicmaH o6naoTb Ha 6noK, 
cymecTBytoiAHPi B sanacHoH oonacTM, 
nononb3yK)ineCi nnHeRHyio 3ai«eHy, flenaeTca c 

nOMOlflblO UHCbOpMaU,MH, CBH3aHHOM c 

npniwieHeHneM mu HenprnvieHeHMeM ynpaBneHMS 
AecbeicraMM npn nuneRHofi 3aMeHe, 3anncaHHOM 
b AecbeKTHOM oonacTM ynpaBneHMfl Ha bcsm 
AncKe mv\ cnemicbMMecKoK oonacTM AMCKa, 
He3aBMCMMO ot Tuna AaHHbix, KOTopbie 6yAyT 
3anncbiBaTbCH b cooTBeTCTByiomeCi o6nacrn. 

TaioKe onpeAeneHMe He3aBMCHMO ot toto, 
6yAeT nn 3aMeHeHa AecpeKTHaa o6nacTb Ha 
6noK, oyii(ecTByioii|HM b 3anacHOM o6nacTM, 
ncnonb3yiomeM nnHeRHyio 3aivieHy, AenaeTcn c 

nOMOIAblO MHCbOpMai^MM, CBR3aHHOM c 

npviMeHeHneM mv\ HenpuMeHeHnewi ynpaBneHun 
AecbeicraMM npn nnHeiiHOM 3aMeHe, 3anncaHHofi 
b o6naoTM ynpaBneHna AecbeicraMu Ha BceM 



AncKe nnn b onei^ncbH4ecKoW o6nac™ Ha AUCKe 
TonbKO b tom b cnyMae, ecnn Tpe6yeMbie 
AaHHbie 6yAyT 3anncbiBaTbcn b peanbHOM 



Cnorjo6, npeAOTBpamaioiAMM nnHeMHyio 
3aMeny no oTHoiueHMio ko BceMy AncKy v\m 
cnei^ncbimecKoPi rpynne auckob, 6bin onuoan Ha 
ocHOBe BbiLueynoMHHyToro BapnaHTa 
ooyiAecTBneHM^. B APyroM BapnaHTe 
ocymecTBneHna KorAa pe>KHM ynpaBneHUfi 
AecbeicraMu AnoKa ycTaHaBnuBaeTcn KaK "1", era 

MTOKHO HCnOnb30BaTb KaK MHCpOpMaL|HK) O TOM, 

hto nHHefiHaa 3aMeHa He BbinonHfleTca no 
oTHOiiiennio k 6noKy, MMeiomeMy AetbeKT b 
o6naoTM flucKa pfin 3anncn HHCpopMai^nn, 
Tpe6yioLneCi 3anncb u BOonponsBeAeHne b 
peanbHOM MaciiiTa6e BpeMeHU, ho nnHetiHyio 
aaMewy mo>kho BbinonHHTb no OTHoiueHMio k 
o6naoTH AncKa, He Tpe6yioiAeM 3anncb b 
peanbHOM MacwTaoe BpeMeHM. B stom cnynae, 
KorAa AaHHbie, He Tpe6yioiAMe 3anMOM b 
peanbHOM MaciuTaBe BpeMeHM, y«e 6unM 
3anMoaHbi b o6nacTM, b KOTopyio Aon>KHbi 6biTb 
3anncaHbi AaHHbie b peanbHOM MacujTa6e 
BpeMeHM, m AecpeKTHan o6nacTb, TaKMM 
o6pa30M, HenMHeMHO 3aMeH?ieTCfl, nMHeMHan 
3aMeHa AecbeKTHOM o6naoTM Aon>KHa MMeTb 
B03Mo>KHOCTb oTMeHbi. CneAOBaTenbHo, Korna 
pe)KMM ynpaBneHMH AecpeirraMM AMCKa 
ycTaHaBnMBaeTca KaK "1 ", sto Mo>KeT 03Ha4aTb, 
mto nMHetiHyio saMeny Aecpeicra mokho 
OTMeHMTb npM sannoM MHc^opMai^MM b peanbHOM 
MaciiJTaBe BpeMeHU. 

flnn toto HTo6bi npeAOTBpaTMTb boo 
nMHeMHyio 3aMeny no OTHoiueHMio ko BceMy 
AMCKy mv\ k AaHHOM rpynne Ha AMCKe, 

MHCpOpMal^Mfl, CBSWaHHaH O pe>KMMOM 

ynpaBneHMSi AecbeicraMM AMOKa 
yoTaHasnHBaeTCH nocaie MHMi^ManM3ai^MM KaK 
"1 ". C ApyroM cTopoHbi, KorAa nMHeMHaa 3aMeHa 
He BbinonHfieTCP TonbKO b onynae 3anMCM 
AaHHbix b peanbHOM MaciUTa6e BpeMeHM, HeT 
Heo6xoAMMOCTM ycTaHaBnMBaTb nocne 

MHML(ManM3aLlMM MHCpOpMaL(MIO o pejKMMe 

ynpaBneHMfl ppcpeKraMVi. To eoTb, KorAa 
onpeAendioT, hto oymecTByeT Heo6xoAMMOCTb 
3anMCM AaHHbix Ha amck b peanbHOM MacwTa6e 
BpeMeHM, pe>KMM ynpaBneHMfi AecpeKTaMM amoks 
ycTaHaBnMBaeTcn b "1 " TonbKO nepeA 3anMCbio 
AaHHbix b peanbHOM MacujTaOe BpeMeHM. B 3to 
BpeMa onpefleneHMe He3aBMCMMO ot toto, 

M3rOTOBneH nM GOOTBeTCTByiOlAMM mcK, 
KOTOpbIM nOAXOAMT PflR 3anMOM A3HHHX B 

peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMeHM, Ha ocHOBe 
BenMHMHbi MnM pacnpeAeneHMfl Aecpeiaa, 
B03HMKaioiiiero Ha A^oKe. KorAa onpeAenaioT, 
hto amck flBnfieTCfl noAXOA^mMM, pe>KMM 
ynpaBneHMH Ae<P eKTa MM AMCKa 
ycTaHaBnMBaeTcn b "1". C APyroM CTopoHbi, 
Heo6xoAMM npoqecc MHCbopMMpoBaHMfl 
nonbsoBaTenfl o tom, hto amck He noAXOAMT pf\» 
3anMcn AaHHbix b peanbHOM MacwTa6e 



Our. 9 M3o6pa>KaeT anropMTM, 
MnnracTpMpyioiAMM cnocoS 3anMCM AaHHbix b 
peanbHOM MacuiTa6e BpeMeHM 6e3 BbinonHeHMn 
ynpaBneHMa AecpeiaaMM c npMMeHeHMeM 

nMHeMHOM 3aMeHbi no OTHOUjeHMIO TOnbKO K 
AaHHbiM, Heo6xoAMMbiM Ana flanbHeMUJefi 
sanMCM, KorAa pe>KMM ynpaBneHMa flecpeKTaMM 
AMCKa HMeeT 3HaneHMe "1". 

Ha cpMr.9 cHanana Ha STane S101 
onpeflenniOT, MMeeT nM pe>KMM ynpaBneHMfi 
AecbeicraMM amcks 3HaneHMe "1", KOTopoe 
ycTaHaBnMBaeTcn nepeA HananoM 3anMCM 



AaHHbix Ha auck. Ecnn pe>KMM ynpaeneHMfl 
AecpeicraMM flucKa MMeer 3HaneHMe "1", to Ha 
3Tane S103 onpeAensuoT, RBnnmcn nv\ AaHHbie, 
KOTopue 6yAYT 3anncwBaTb, ashhumm 
peanbHoro MacuJTa6a BpeMeHM. Eonn peacMM 
ynpaBJieHMn AecpeicraMM MMeeT 3HaHeHne "0", to 
Ha STanax S102 n S108 Bee AaHHbie 
3anncbiBaioT Ha ocHOBe cnocoBa o6mero 
ynpaBneHMS) AecpeicraMM, KOTopbitf onpeAeneH b 
CTaHAapTHO^ khmxhom Beponn 1,0. KorAa Ha 
aTane S103 onpeAenatOT, mto AaHHbie, KOTopue 
6yAyT 3anncbiBaTb, He hbjihiotcsi AaHHbiMM b 
peanbHOM MacniTa6e BpeMeHM, nepexoAHT Ha 
3Tan S102, Ha kotopom BbinonHHioT o6mee 
ynpaBneHne AecpeicraMM. KorAa Ha 3Tane S103 
onpeAeJiwnM, mto AaHHbie, KOTopue 6yAyT 
3annobiBaTb, ABnaioTCfl AaHHbiMM peanbHoro 
MaciiiTa6a BpeMeHM, nepexoAflT Ha 3Tan S104, 
Ha kotopom onpeAeiiwioT, cymecTByeT m yme 
3aMeHeHHbi« jinHefiHbiM o6pa30M Aecpeicr b 
o6nac™, rfle Heo6xoflHMO 3anncbiBaTb flaHHbie. 

KorAa Ha 3Tane S104 onpeAennnn, mto 
3aMeHeHHbi« nMHeHHbiM o6pa30M AecpeKT 
cymeoTByeT b o6nacTM, to 3anncn AaHHbix b 
3aMeHeHHbiR nMHeMHbiM o6pa30M AecpeKT 
OTMeHfiioTOfl Ha sTane S105. KorAa 3aMeHeHHbitf 
nnHefiHbiM o6pa30M AecpeKT He cymecTByeT b 
o6nacTH Ann 3anncn AaHHbix, na STane S106 
onpeAenaiOT, cymecTByeT m BHOBb 
o6Hapy>KeHHbifl AecpeKT b oonac™ ppn 3anncn 
AaHHbix. 

KorAa Ha STane S106 onpeAenaeTCfl, mto 
hobum Aecpeicr ooHapyaceH, Ha aTane S107 
MHCpopMa 4 Mio, npeACTaBnsioiAyK) coSom to, mto 
AecpeKT He 6bin 3aMeHeH nMHefiHbiM o6pa30M, 
sanncbiBaiOT b onucKe btopmmhwx AecpeKTOB 
(CBfl) o6nacTM ynpaBneHMH AecpeiaaMM. 3aTeiw 
Ha 3Tane S108 AaHHbie 3annobiBaioT b 
Tpe6yeMOM o6nacTM. TaKKe, KorAa hobhm 
AecpeKT He o6Hapy>KMBaioT Ha STane S106, Ha 
3Tane S108 BbinonHHiOT 3annob AaHHbix b 
peanbHOM MacwTaoe BpeMeHM b Tpe6yeMoH 
o6naoTH. 

3Tan S105 OTMeHbi nMHeMHO-3aMeHeHHoro 
Aecpeiaa n 3Tan S107 3anncn MHCpopMa 4 MM, 
npeACTaBJiaioiAefl, mto AecpeKT He 6bin 
™HeSiHo-3aMeHeHHbiM, BbinonHflWT c noMomwo 
3anncn HOMepa nepBoro ceicropa 3aMeHeHHoro 
6noKa KaK ujecTHafli^aTupMHHoro "000000" cpeflw 
1/iHCpopMaijMM o nnHeMHO-3aMeHeHHbix 
AecpeKTax, 3anncaHHbix b CBfl, m c noMO^bio 
3anncn HHCpopMai^nn FRM KaK "1". B 3tom 
cnyMae, nocKonbicy pe>KMM ynpaBneHMH 
AecpeKTaMU py\cxa ycTaHaBJiMBaeTcn KaK "1", 
mojkho yBMAeTb m cpaBHeHun otom 
MHCpopMauuM o peacMMe c MHCpopMauneR FRM, 
mto 3HaMeHMe HHCpopMaujun FRM cTaHOBMTCn 

OTTlUMHblM OT cymeCTByiOLHeM MHCpOpMaL^MM 

FRM. 

To eoTb MHCpopMaL(MJi FRM, ocHOBaHHafl Ha 
oymeoTByiome^ CTaHAapTHoCi ppvyM&wf&\\WA, 
03HaMaeT, mto 6noK, HMeiomnCi AecpeKT, 
B03HHKLUHK no onpeAeneHHOM npuMUHe, He 6bin 
3aMeHeH Ha 6noK b 3anacHOM o6nacTH mjw 
3anacHbie o6naoTM Henb3fi 6bino saiweHHTb. C 

ApyroR CTOpOHbl, MHCpOpMaL(MJl FRM, 

ocHoaaHHan Ha hobom onpeAeneHnn, 
Ao6aanfieTOfl k 3HaMeHMio cymecTByioinero FRM 
n MOKeT 6biTb HHCpopMaijMeii, npeAOTaBJiflioiAePi 
co6oR to, mto, KorAa pe>KHM ynpaBJieHUH 
AeqoeKTaiwn flucxa wvieeT 3HaMeHne "1", 
jiUHefiHafi 3aMeHa Aecf>eKTHoro 6noKa, KOTopbiCi 
3aMeH5ieTC5) c noiuombio cymecTByio^ero 
cnocoBa riHHe«HoR 3aMeHbi, 6bin OTMeHeH atih 
3anncn b peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMeHM mtim 



Ae4)eKTHbiM 6jiok He 6bin 3 
o6pa30M Ann 3anncn b peanbHOM MaoujTa6e 
BpeMeHM. 

TaK KaK auck, pe>KMM ynpaBneHUH 
AecpeiaaMM Koroporo ycTaHaBJinBaeTCft KaK "1 ", 

BepOJITHO AOTlJKeH BKTIIOMaTb b ce6fl 

MHc})opMai^nio b peanbHOM MaciuTa6e BpeMeHM, 

AUCK MO)KHO MCnOJ1b30BaTb K3K MHCpOpMaUHK) 

3anpemeHMfl nepepacnpeAeneniw MHCfJopMat^nn 
Ha AHOKe 6e3 paccMOTpeHun MHCpopMai^MM b 
peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMeHM. CoBOKy n HOCTb 
MacTeSi ot cSopa MaoTeH cpaivia Ha flucKe m 
CMMTbiBaHMe nocne nepepacnpeAeneHMH MO>KeT 
BKJiiOMaTb B ce6fl, KaK cnoco6 
nepepacnpeAeneHMn MHCpopMai^nn Ha AMOKe. 
CMMTbiBaHMe nocne nepepacnpeAeneHMfl 
npeACTaBnneT co6om onoco6 cMMTbiBaHMn 
AaHHbix m AanbHeMLueCi 3aMeHbi 6noKa AaHHbix 
BepoHTHO, mto6h MMeTb Aecf)eKT C 6nOKOM, 
pa3MetneHHbiM b 3anacHoii o6nacrra. 

tpur. 10 M3o6pa>KaeT CTpyicrypy ynyniueHHoro 
BBOAa CBfl Ana OTMeHbi nMHetiHOM 3aMeHbi, 
npeAno>KeHHOM b HacTonmeM M3o6peTeHMM. B 
cnyMae, KorAa y«e 3aMeHeHHbiM Aecpeicr 
cymecTByeT Ha cooTBeTCTByiou^eM AMCKe nocne 
3anMCM AaHHbix b peanbHOM MaciiiTa6e 
BpeMeHM, cnoco6 3anncM MH(})opMai4MM o6nacTM, 
b kotopom HOMep nepBoro ceicropa 3aMeHeHHoro 
6noKa, KaK onMcaHO Bbiiue, sanMCbiBaeTCji b 
BMAe ujecTHaAi^aTMpMMHoro MMcna "000000" m 
ycTaHOBKM 6MTa FRM b "1", M3o6pa>KeH KaK 
npoi;ecc Ann OTMeHbi nMHeMHOM 3aMeHbi. 

HaCTOfll^MM CnOC06 MOJKeT MMHMMM3Mp0BaTb 

M3MeHeHMe b cyii(ecTByioiAeM CTaHAapTe. 
OAHaKo b stom cnoco6e MHiJ)opMai4Mfl 6noKa, 
KOTopwii onpeAeneH KaK AecpeKTHUM m 
3aMeHeHHbiM, Aon>KHa 6biTb yAaneHa TaK, MTo6bi 
nMHePiHyio 3aMeHy mo>kho 6bino npoM3BonbHo 

BbinOnHMTb, OTMeHMTb M CH0B3 BbinOnHMTb 6e3 

nocneAOBaTenbHoro Mcnonb30BaHMfi 3anacH0M 
o6nacTM. B MacTHOCTM, KorAa 
nMHeMHo-3aMeHeHHbiM 6noK b 3anacHOM o6nacTM 

JIBnfleTCfl ASCpeKTHblM M nOBTOpHO 33MeHeHHblM, 

MHqbopMauMfi, cBH3aHHan c 
nMHeMHO-3aMeHeHHbiM Aecp eKTHblM 6noKOM b 
3anacHofi o6nacTM, TepaeTCH. 

TaKMM o6pa30M, 6bino 6bi 
npeAnoMTMTenbHbiM, MTo6bi 6noKM b 
cooTBeTCTByiouneM 3anacHoii o6nacTM 
Mcnonb30BanMCb nocneAOBaTenbHO b cnynae, 
KorAa npoMcxoAMT nMHeMHan 3aMeHa, m MTo6bi 
na>Ke b cnyMae, KorAa nMHeMHaa 3aMeHa 
oTMeHeHa, noAAep>KMBanacb MHCpopMaL(Mfl, 
cBW3aHHafi c 6noKOM b 3anacHo£i o6nacTM, 

3aMeHf!IOlU(eM COOTBeTCTByiOti^MM AeCpSKTHblM 

6noK. KorAa o6nacTb Ana 3anMCM 6MTa FRM M 
HOMep nepBoro ceicropa saMeHfliomero 6noKa 
McnonbsyeTCH TonbKo Ana noAAepncaHMa 

MHCpOpMaL(MM, CBfl3aHHOM C HOMepOM 

saMeHeHHoro ceiaopa 3anacHOM o6nacTM, 

Henb3fl rOBOpMTb, MTO COOTBeTCTByiOlAMM 

3aMeHeHHbiM 6noK 6bin 6bi CHOBa 3aMeHeH 
BcneACTBMe Aecpeiaa MnM ecnM nMHeMHaa 
3aMena 6bina OTMeHeHa Ana 3anMCM AaHHbix b 
peanbHOM Macurra6"e BpeMeHM. 

flna Toro MToCbi peiuMTb Taicyio npo6neMy, 
OTMeHeHHbiM cpnar nMHeMHOM 3aMeHbi (CLR) 
CHOBa onpeAensieTcn c noMombio 
ncnonb30BaHM« 3anacHoro 6MTa BBOAa CBfl, 
KOTopbiM He HaxoAMTCH b Mcnonb30B3HMM. KorAa 
nMHeMHaa 3aMeHa no OTHOiueHMK) k 
cooTBeTCTByioi^eMy BBOAy OBfl OTMeHaeTcn 
Ann 3anMCM AaHHbix b peanbHOM MacujTa6e 
BpeMeHM, mo>kho Mcnonb30BaTb cnoco6 
ycTaHOBKM cpnara CLR ("OTMeHbi") b "1 ". B stom 



cnynae, Korfla cpnar c6poca ycTaHaBnMBaeTca b 
"0", sto yKa3biBaeT Ha 3aMeHaiomMM 6noK, 
paonpeAeJieHHbiR 6e3 Mcnonb30saHMa c 
noMoiflbio flaHHbix b peanbHOM MacwTaoe 
BpeMeHM. B CTpyicrype BBOfla OBfl (cpMr. 10), 
HanpuMep, HeMcnonb3yeMbiPi 6mt b31 
Mcnonb3yeTca KaK cpnar CLR. 

Meacfly T6M, MHCpopMauMio 06 ynpaBneHMM 
flecpeiaaMM flna 3anncn flaHHbix b peanbHOM 
MacujTa6e BpeMeHM moxho ynpoiijeHHO 
noflennTb Ha Tpn cnyMaa, b kotophx: (1) 
flaHHbie peanbHoro MacwTa6a BpeMeHM He 
3anncb!BaiOTCR Ha BceM flMCKe, (2) flBa Tuna 
flaHHbix, to ecTb flaHHbix b peanbHOM MacwTaSe 
BpeMeHU m flaHHbix He b peanbHOM MaciDTa6e 
BpeMeHU, cocymecTByioT Ha flucKe m cnoco6 
ynpaBneHMa nMHe&Ho-saMeHeHHbiMM 
AecpeiaaMM He Mcnonb3yeTca no oTHOweHMio 
TonbKO k aaHHbiM b peanbHOM MacwTaoe 
BpeMeHU, m (3) TonbKO flaHHbie b peanbHOM 
MaciUTa6e BpeMeHM 3anMCbiBai0Tca Ha BceM 
flMCKe, to eoTb cnoco6 ynpaBneHMa 
nnHe&HO-3aMeHeHHbiMH AecpeiaaMM He 
Mcnonb3yeTca no OTHoweHHto k bcsm 



cnyMae flaHHbie b peanbHOM MaoiUTa6e 
BpeMeHM n flaHHbie He b peanbHOM MaoiuTa6e 
BpeMeHM), m Korfla MHcpopMaL(Ma 0 pexme yfl 



MMeeT BMfl "10b", STO 



MTO 



B MacTHOOTM, b TpeTbeM cnynae 3aMeHa b 
peanbHOM MacwTa6e BpeMeHM He Mcnonb3yeTca 
Ana Bcero flMCKa Ana toto, HTo6bi 3anaoHyio 
o6nacTb Ana ynpaBneHMa AecpeiaaMM mojkho 
6bino ycTaHOBMTb c pa3MepoM MeHbwe, neM b 
nepeoM m BrapoM cnynaax. HM>xe noflpo6HO 
onMCbmaeTCfl cpMr. 12 m 13. 

Korfla stm TpM MnM HeoKonbKO cnooo6oB 
ynpaBneHMa flecpeiaaMM npMMeHaioTca k 

OflHOMy flMCKy, pa3HMHHbie COOTBeTCTBMfl 
B03MO>KHbl COmaCHO Ha3Ha^eHMK3 

Mcnonb30BaHMSi flMCKa m amck mo>kho 6onee 
acbcbeKTMBHO Mononb30BaTb. OflHaKO, 
paooMaTpMBaa ycnoBMe, Tarae KaK cnynafi 

M3MeHeHMfl M MCnonb30BaHMfl flMOKOB Me>Kfly 
yOTpOMOTBaMM BOCnpOM3BefleHMfl, yonoBMfl 

ynpaBneHMa flecpeiaaMM, b kotophx 
Mcnonb3yeTCH cooTBeTCTByioii^MW amok, 
HeoSxoflMMO onMoaTb 6onee noApo6HO. 
1-6MTOBOM MHcpopMai^MM 0 pexMMe ynpaBneHMa 
flecpeiaaMM flMCKa, KOTopaa npeflCTaBnaeT 

JO co6ofl npMMeHeHMe MnM HenpMMeHeHMe 
nMHeMHOM 3aMeHbi, onMcaHHOM Ha cpMr. 8, 

C aBnaeTca HeflocTaTOMHo Ana MHCpopMai^MM 
ynpaBneHMa flecbeKTaMM b BbiweynoMaHyTOM 
cnyMae. 

IO TaKMM o6pa30M, KaK noKa3aHO Ha cpMr. 11, 

MHcbopMai^MFi o pe>KMMe ynpaBneHMa 
■"^ flecjseiaaMM, no3Bonaioiflaa npeflCTaBMTb 
^ nMHetiHyio 3aMeHy MnM HenMHeKHyio 3aMeHy b 

3aBMCMM0CTM OT MHO>KeCTBa pa3nMHHblX 

l^j pe>KMMOB ynpaBneHMa flecpeiaaMM, coxpaHaeTca 
b pe3epBH0M 6aMTe, pacnono>KeHHOM b ClTfl 
O o6nacTM ynpasneHMa flecpeiaaMM (OYfl) na 
flMCKe. To ecTb Ha cbMr. 11 noKa3an cnynaR 
" s * McnonbsoBaHMH flByx 3HaHMMbix 6mtob b7 m b6 
»j cooTBeTCTByioiflero nonoweHMa BP10 6aMTa 
cnfl, to ecTb era oflMHHaflqaTbifl 6aflT, 
HanpMMep, c noMoiflbio Bbioopa pe>KMMa 
^ ynpaBneHMa (yfl (DM)) flecpeiaaMM b 
O 3aBMCMM0CTM ot npMMeHeHMa MnM 
1^ HenpuMeHeHna nMHeMHOM 3aMeHbi. 

KaK noKa3aHO Ha cpMr. 11, Korfla 
MHCpopMai^Ma o pex<MMe Yfl MMeeT bma "00b", 
sto noKa3biBaeT, hto cKonb3aii(aa 3aMeHa m 
nMHeMHaa 3aMeHa npMMenaeTca ko Bceiw 
AaHHbiM Ha flMCKe, Korfla MHCpopMai^a o 
pe>KMMe Yfl MMeeT BMfl "01 b", sto noKa3biBaeT, 
hto nMHePiHasi 3aMeHa Bbi6opoMHo npMMenaeTca 

B COOTBeTCTBM M C TMnOM MHCpOpMaL^MM (B 3T0M 



nMHeMHaa 3aMeHa He Mcnonb3yeTca no 

OTHOUjeHMIO KO BCeM flaHHWM. 

To ecTb, KoiAa MHCpopMai^Ma o pe>KMMe Yfl 
MMeeT bma "00b", 
nMHeftHaa 3; 
3tot pe>KMM npMMeHMM TonbKO Ana AaHHbix, 
oTnMMHbix ot AaHHbix b peanbHOM MacLDTa6e 
BpeMeHM b nepBOM cnyMae, onMcaHHOM Bbiiue. 
Korfla MHCpopMai^Ma o pe>KMMe Yfl MMeeT bma 
"01b", nMHeMHaa 3aMeHa aBnaerea 
o6a3aTenbHOM, ho nMHeMHaa 3aMeHa nna 
AaHHbix b peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMeHM 
aBnaeTca Heo6a3aTenbHo«. 3tot pe>KMM 
npeflCTaBnaeT co6om ynpaBneHMe AecpeiaaMM 
Ana rM6pMAHoro AncKa, BKnioMaa KaK flaHHbie b 
peanbHOM MacwTat>e BpeMeHM, tbk m flaHHbie He 
b peanbHOM MacwTa6e BpeMeHM bo btopom 
cnynae, onMcaHHOM Bbitue. Korfla MHcbopMai^Ma 
o pe>KMMe Yfl MMeeT bma "10b", pa3petuaeTca 
TonbKO CKonb3aiflaa saMeHa, m stot pe>KMM 
aBnaeTca pe>KMMOM ynpasneHMa AecpeiaaMM 
Ana TonbKO peanbHbix AaHHbix b TpeTbeM 
cnyMae, onMcaHHOM Bbinie. KorAa MHCpopMai^Ma 
o pe>KMMe Yfl MMeeT bma "10b", cpM3MMecKoe 
pa3MemeHMe flMCKa MO>KeT 6biTb M3MeneHO. 

Me>Kfly TeM, TaK KaK nMHeiiHyio 3aMeHy 
Henb3a Mcnonb30BaTb flna 3anMCM flaHHbix b 
peanbHOM MacaiTa6e BpeMeHM, 3anacnaa 
o6nacTb, HeoSxoflMMaa flna nMHetfHOM" saMeHbi, 
cpaKTMMecKM cTaHOBMTca Heo6a3aTenbHOM. B 
stom cnynae, b HacToaifleM M3o6peTeHMM, 
TonbKO 3anacHaa ot>nacTb flna CKonb3aifleR 
3aMeHbi ycTaHaBnMBaeTca b nocneflHeK rpynne 
6e3 pacnpefleneHMa 3anacHoCi o6nacTM flna 

nMHeMHOM 3aMeHbl (CpMr. 12). B MaCTHOCTM, 

Ha6op 3anacHbix o6nacTeM b nocneflHeS^ rpynne 
(b stom cnynae, TpMflL(aTb MeTBepTaa rpynna) 
MMeeT 7680 ceiaopoB (480 6noKOB KHO) b 
3anacHoW o6nacTM Ana cKonb3aifletf 3aMeHbi 
Ana Toro, MTo6bi o6pa6oTaTb MaKCMManbHoe 
HMcno 7679 bboaob, no3BonaioiflMX 
ocyiflecTBnaTb perMCTpai^Mio b ochobhom cnMCKe 
(OCfl (PDL)) flecpeKTOB. Ha cpMr. 12 sect 
o6o3HaMaeT ceiaop, blk - 6noK m rev - o6opoTbi. 

flna Toro mto6n o6ecneMMTb coBMecTMMOCTb 
HacToaiflera M3o6peTeHMa c cymecTByiomeH 
CTpyioypoK ynpaoneHMa flecpeiaaMM, cpnaroM, 
no3BonaioiflMM pacno3HasaTb cnyMaft, b kotopom 
3anacHbie oBnacTM flna TonbKO CKonb3ameM 
3aMeHbi pa3MeiflaioTca TonbKO flna 3anMCM b 
peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMeHM b cnynae, b 
kotopom 3anacHbie o6nacTM ana nMHeMHOM 
saMeHbi m CKonb3aifleR 3aMeHbi 
pacnpeflenaioTca b cootb6tctbmm c 
cyiflecTByioiflMM cnoco6oM ynpaBneHMa 
AecpeiaaMM, npeflCTaBnaeTca c noMoiflbio 
SHaMMMbix 6mtob b7 m b6 cooTBeTCTByioiAero 
nono>KeHMn BP 10 6aMTa b Cnfl m OCfl 
(cbMr.13). 

KaK noKa3aHO Ha cpMr. 13, KorAa ABa 
3HaMMMbix 6mt3 b7 m b6, npeACTaBnaiomMe 
pewMM Yfl b nonoweHMM BP 10 6aiiTa Cllfl/OCfl, 
MMeioT bma "00b", sto noKa3biBaeT, mto 
npMMeHaeTca cymecTByioiflMfl cnoco6 
ynpaBneHMa AecpeiaaMM, m KorAa Asa 3HaMMMbix 
6mt3 b7 m b6 MMeioT bma "10b", Mcnonb3yeTca 
cnoco6 ynpaBneHMa AecpeiaaMM TonbKO Ana 
sanMCM b peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMeHM 6e3 
nMHeMHOM 3aMeHbi, b KOTopoH TonbKO 3anacHaa 
o6nacTb Ana CKonb3aiflefi 3aMeHbi pa3MeiflaeTca 
b nocneAHeM rpynne AMCKa. TaKMM o6pa30M, 



o 



3anacHbie o6nac™ pa3MemaioTCH c noMombio 
cnoco6a, npeAHa3HaHeHHoro Ana 3anacn b 
peanbHOM MacuiTaoe bpgmghm, TaKMM o6pa30M 
^Benmman acpcpeKTKBHOCTb 6jiaroflapn 
npuMeHeHMK) npocrpaHCTBa flMCKa. 

KaK onucaHO Bbiuje, Korfla noAAep>KHBaeTCfl 
coBMecTHMOCTb cnoco6a HacTOHiAero 
n3o6peTeHvw oo cnocoSoM ynpaBneHaa 

fleCpeKTSMM, OCHOBaHHbIM Ha COBpeMeHHOM 

oTaHflapTe Liyfl-03y, nnHeMHaa 3aMeHa He 
Bbino/iHweTOfl, Korfla sanncbiBaioTosi AaHHbie b 
peanbHOM MaciuTaSe BpewieHn. TaKUM o6pa30M 
mowho 3anncbmaTb m Bocnpon3BOAWb AaHHbie b 
peanbHOM MacwTa6e BpeMeHU. 

B HacTOfiineM n3o6peTeHHM KHCpopMai^R, 
npeflCTasnnioiuiafl MHo>xecTBO pa3nuHHbix 
pexuMOB ynpaBneHna flecpeiaaMM b 
3aBHCMM0CTH ot ™na 3annobiBaeMbix AaHHbix, 
coxpaHFeTCfl ana Toro, mtoou pa3nnHHbie 

COOTBeTCTBMH 6blJlM B03MO)KHbl B OOOTBeTCTBMM 

c Ha3Ha4eHneM ncnonb30BaHna Hocmena 
3anncn. TaKUM o6pa30M, 3anncbiBaK)iAyio opeAy 
mojkho ncnonb30BaTb 6onee atpcpeKTMBHO. 

K TOMy >Ke, b HacTonmeM H3o6peTeHHM, 
Korfla AaHHbie 3anncbiBaioTCH b peanbHOM 
MaciUTa6e BpeMeHU, 3anacHbie o6nac™ 
pa3MeiuaiOTCH, HTo6bi b AanbHeRweM 
ncnonb30BaTb TonbKO Ann peanbHoro MacujTa6a 
BpeMeHU. TaKUM o6pa30M, 6narc>Aapfl 
npuMeHeHMio npooTpaHCTBa A^CKa moxho 

yBe/lMMMTb era SCpCpeKTMBHOCTb. 

Oopiwyna M3o6peTeHMH: 

1. Hocmenb 3anncn, WMeiomufl oonacTb 
3anncn, 3anacHyio oonacTb n oBnacTb 
MHCpopMaunn ynpaBneHMH, npn stom oonacTb 
MHcpopMai^nn ynpasneHun xpaHUT 
MHCpopMamiio, npeAOTaBnaraiiiyio npuMeHeHne 
i/ijih HenpuMeHeHne nHHeflHoCi 3aMeHbi npM 
ynpaBJieHUM AecpeKTaMH, npi/i KorapoH 
AecpeKTHan oonacTb Ha Hocmene 3anncn 
3aMeHneTcn Ha 3anacHyio o6nacTb. 

2. Hocmenb 3anncn no n. 1, b kotopom 
MHCpopMaL\nfl ynpaBJieHkifi, npeACTaBratomaa 



6. Hocmenb 3anncn no n. 1, b KOTopoM 
MHCpopMauufi, npeACTaBJiniomafl npuMeHeHne 
win HenpuMeneHne nnHetiHoR 3aMeHbi, 
HenocpeAOTBeHHo nepeA 
ibtx b peanbHOM MacwTaoe 



3aMeHbi, othochtca k Hocmenio 3anuicu B 

146J10M. 

3. Hocmenb 3anncn no n. 1, b kotopom 
MHCpopMaLjufl ynpasneHMfl, npeACTaBnflioiuaH 
npuMeHeHHe mvt HenpuMeHeHMe nMHetfHofi 
saMeHbi, OTHOcnTCfi k ynacTKaM HocnTena 
3anncn. 

4. Hocmenb 3anncn no n. 1, 
npeAOTaBiifliomMR co6o8 auck, 
cooTBeTCTByioiuinPi CTaHAapiy L|ncppoBoro 
yHMBepoanbHoro pyicxa (DVD). 

5. Hocmenb 3anncn no n. 1, 
npeACTaBnwoiAMii co6oiS amck, 
cooTBeTCTByioiAMS CTaHAapTy m-icppoBoro 
yHUBepcanbHoro AUCKa c npon3BonbHbiM 
AOCTynoM (DVD-RAM). 

6. Hocmenb 3anucn no n. 1, b kotopom 
MHCpopMai^nfl, npeACTaBnjiioiAafi npuMeHeHne 
mvt HenpMMeHeHne nnHePiHO^ 3aMeHbi npn 
ynpaBneHMM AecpeKTaMH, 3anncbiBaeTCT b 
3ape3epBnpoBaHH0R o6nac™ cpnara 
oepTUCpuKauuM Anwa vt cpnara cepTucpHKai^nn 
rpynnw b CTpyKType onpeAeneHun piAOfB (DDS), 
npeAycMOTpeHHoi^ Ha i4HCppoBOM 
yHUBepcanbHOM py\CK& c npon3BonbHbiM 
AOCTynoM (DVD-RAM). 

7. Hocmenb 3anncn no n. 1, b kotopom 
MH0opMai^n«, npeACTaBnaiomasi npuMeHeHne 
\aiva HenpuMeHeHne nnHe«HO« 3aMeHbi, 
3anoMMHaeTCfi Ha AHOKe b npoi^ecce 

(JjOpMaTMpOBaHMfl. 



9. Hocmenb 3anncn no n. 1, b kotopom 
TonbKO HOMep HaManbHoro ceicropa 6noKa, 
HMeiomero AscpeKT, KOTopw^ B03HMKaeT npn 
3anncn AaHHbix b peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMeHU 
Ha Hocmene 3anncu, 3anncbiBaeTCfi b cnncKe 
BTopMHHbix AecpeicroB (SDL), HHCpopMaL(MH o 
tom, hto AecpeKTHbitf 6noK 6bin ocraBneH 6e3 
3aMeHbi, sanncbmaeTCfl b 6nre o6o3HaHeHna 
c^noBoro nepeHa3Ha4eHnn (FRM) BxoAa cnncKa 
BTopuHHbix AecpeiaoB (SDL) Ann 
npeACTaBneHUfl 3aMeHbi nnn He3aMeHbi 
AecpeKTHoro 6noKa, b kotopom AecpeKTHbifi 6noK, 

HacToaiMee BpeMa, 
a MHCpopMaunn, 
npeACTaBnnioiAafl OTcyTCTBue 3aMeHbi, 
3anncbiBaeTCR b HOMep HananbHoro ceicropa 
6noKa 3aMeHbi BXOAa cnncKa BTopuHHbix 
AecpeiaoB (SDL). 

10. HocnTenb 3anncn no n. 9, b kotopom 
HHCpopMaunn, npeACTaBnjiioiAasi, hto nuHe&Haa 
3aMeHa OTMeHeHa, AononHHTenbHO 
3anoMHHaeTCH b 3ape3epBnpoBaHHOM 6nTe 
BXOAa cnncKa btophhhux Ae*eKTOB (SDL), 
MHCpopMai^ns), npeACTaBnnioiAafl, hto 
AecpeKTHbiii 6noK 6bm 3aMeHeH, 3anoMMHaeTca b 
6nTe o6o3HaHeHMsi cunoBoro nepeHa3HaMeHna 
(FRM) BXOAa cnncKa BTopuHHbix AecpeiaoB 
(SDL), a HOMepa HaHanbHbix ceiaopoB 
AecpeKTHoro OriOKa m 3aMeHnioinero 6noKa 
sanoMUHaioTca bo BXOAe cnncKa BTopuHHbix 
AecpeiaoB (SDL). 

11. HocnTenb 3anncn no n. 1, b kotopom 
MHCpopMamia, npeACTaBnatomafi npuMeHeHne 
mvt HenpuMeHeHMe nnHe^HoPi 3aMeHbi, 
BKnioHaeT b ce6n MHCpopMai^Mio, 
npeACTaBnaiomyio, hto nnHeHHaa 3aMeHa 
npMMeHHeTCH no OTHomeHHio ko BceM AaHHbiM, 
HaxoAfliAHMcn Ha Hocmene 3anncn, 
MHCpopMai^nio, npeACTaBnaioiAyio, hto nnHeRHan 
saMeHa Bbi6opoHHO npuMeHHeTcq B 

COOTBeTCTBHH C TI/inOM A3HHblX, H HHC})OpMaLlHIO, 

npeACTaBnaioiAyio, hto OTcyTCTByeT nnHe^Haa 
3aMeHa no OTHOweHHio ko BceM AaHHbiM, 
HaxoAfliAfiMcn Ha Hocmene 3anncn, n 
3anoMMHaeTC5i b pe3epBHofi o6nacTH cTpyicrypbi 
onpeAeneHna flucKa (DDS). 

12. HocHTenb 3anncn no n. 1, b kotopom 
npn 3anncn AaHHbix b peanbHOM MaciiJTaCe 
BpeMeHU nacTb 3anacHoCi o6nacTH Ana 
nnHeiiHoR saMeHbi He npHMeHaeTca n ronbKO 
nacTb 3anacH0i* o6nacTH ppn CKonb3fliAet^ 
3aMeHbi npwMeHHeTCfl. 

13. HocHTenb 3anncn no n. 12, b kotopom 
3anacHaR o6nacTb px>n cKonb3$iiAeK 3aMeHbi 
pa3MeiAaeTcq b nocneAHePi rpynne HocnTenn 
sanncn npu pasMepe ceiaopoB, no3BonnioiAMX 
BbinonHHTb o6pa6oTKy MaKCMManbHoro HMcna 
bxoaob, no3BonaioiAHX 3aperncTpnpoBaTb 
cnncoK nepBMHHbix AecpeKTOB (PDL). 

14. Hocmenb sanncu no n. 13, b kotopom 
MHCpopMai^nn, npeACTaBnaiomafl npuMeHeHne 
mw HenpuMeHeHMe nnHe^HO^ 3aMeHbi, 
o3HanaeT npuMeHeHne cnoco6a ynpaBneHi^a 
AecpeKTaMM TonbKO Ana 3anncn b peanbHOM 
MacuJTa6e BpeMeHM, b kotopom He npuMeHHeTCfl 
nnHeCiHan 3aMeHa, npn pa3MemeHnn 3anacHoi^ 
o6naoTH TonbKO ppn CKonb3niAeR 3aMeHbi, n 
sanoMUHaeTCH b pesepBHoR o6nacTM CTpyicrypbi 
onpeAeneHua AUCKa (DDS) m cnncKa nepBUHHbix 



AecpeKTOB (PDL). 

15. HocnTe/ib aanncn, MMeto^nti oonacTb 
3anncn, 3anacHyio o6nacTb u o6;iacTb 
MHCpopMa 4 MM ynpaBneHna, npn stom oOnacTb 
MHcpopMau,MM ynpaBneHMsi 3anoMMHaeT 
MHcjjopMaLjwo o pe>KHMe ynpaBneHMS 
AecpeiaaMM, noKa3biBaramyio MHOwecTBO 
pe>KHMOB ynpaBneHMfi AecpeiaaMM, 
npeflCTaBraiomMX nprnvieHeHne win 
HenpuMeHeHne nnHe^HoiS 3aMeHbi b 

C00TB9TCTBMM C TMnOM 3anHCblBaeMblX flaHHblX. 

16. HocnTerib 3anncn no n. 15, a kotopom 
oSnacTb MHcpopMaunn ynpaBJieHun nwieer 
CTpyKrypy onpefleneHUJi AMCKa (DDS), 
coflep>Kaii;yK) pe3epBHyio o6nacTb, b kotopom 
3anncbiBaeTC5i MHtpopMai^Mn o peaaiMe 
ynpaB/ieHMfl AecpeiaaMM. 

17. HocuTenb 3anncn no n. 16, b kotopom 
MHCpopMau,Mn o pe)KHMe ynpaBJieHMH 
AecpeiaaMM BKnioMaeT b ce6n MHcpopMau,MK> o 
nepBOM pe>KHMe ynpaBneHMn AecpeiaaMM, 
npeACTaBflfliomyio to, mto CK0Jib3nmaa 3aMeHa m 
jiMHeMHan saMeHa npwtjtemmca ko Bcewi 
AaHHbiM, HaxoAfliAHMon Ha HOCMTene 3anncn, 
MHCpopMau,Mio o btopom pe*MMe ynpaBJieHUH 
AecpeiaaMM, npeflCTaBnnioiflyio to, mto 
nMHeRHafl 3aMeHa BbiobpoMHO npuMeHaeTCfl b 

OOOTBeTOTBMM C TMnOM flaHHblX, H MHtpOpMaU,MIO 

o TpeTbeM pewMMe ynpaBneHMn AecfceicraMu, 
npeflCTaBJiflKnnyio to, mto nMHeflHan 3aMeHa He 
npuMeHsieTCJi no oTHomeHMio ko BceM flaHHbiM, 
HaxoflnmMMCP Ha HocnTene 3anncn. 

18. HoonTenb 3anncn a™ xpaHeHMfl 
HHCpopiwamin b o6nacTH ynpaBJieHMn 
AecpeiaaMM, npeACTasnnioiflMM HenpHMeHeHne 
nnHeCiHoW 3aMeHbi ko bcsm AaHHbiM, 
HaxoA^mnMcn Ha HoonTene sanMCM, b kotopom 
npHMeHfleTCH TonbKO 3anacHan oonacTb Ann 

0K0Jlb3HmeM 3aMeHbl. 

19. HocMTe/ib 3annon no n. 18, b kotopom 
3anacHas oonacTb Ann cKonbanifleM 3aMeHbi 
MMeeT npocTpaHCTBO aha o6pa6oTKM 
MaKCHManbHo AonycTHMoro qucna bxoaob 
perncTpai4HH cnncKa nepBMHHbix AecpeKTOB 
(PDL). 

20. CnocoB ynpaaneHMH flecpeKTaMM flna 
ycTpoMCTBa 3anncn n/nnn BocnpoM3BefleHMH 
AMOKa, coAepJKamnCi 3Tanbi: (a) 3anucbiBaK)T 
MHCpopMai^MK), npeACTaBJwroinyio npuMeHeHne 
v\m HenpuMeHeHne nMHeKHOM 3an/ieHbi npn 
ynpaBJieHMH AecpeiaaMM no OTHOiueHMio ko 
Bceiviy AMCKy mjih cneu,MCpMMecKOM o6nacTH 
AnoKa; (6) onpeflennioT, oyfleT nn 3aMeHeHa 
AecpeKTHaa o6nacTb Ha 6jiok b 3anacHOM 
oSnaoTH c npniweHeHneM jwHeMHofi 3an/ieHbi b 
oooTBeTCTBHn c MHCpopMaLineSi, 
npeACTaBJiaioifleR npuMeHenne nnn 
HenpuMeHeHne nnHe^HoPi 3aMeHbi npn 
ynpaBneHMM AecpeiaaMM. 

21. Cnoco6 ynpaBneHMfi AecpeiaaMM no n. 
20, npu kotopom Ha 3Tane (a) MHCpopMau,MK>, 
npeAOTaB/iJiioinyK) npuMeHeHne mvi 
HenpuMeHSHMe jiMHeMHotf 3aMeHbi Ann Bcero 
AMCKa 3anMCbiBaKJT b pe3epBHyio o6nacTb cpxiara 
cepTMcpuKauuM flucKa b cTpyicrype onpefleneHna 
AUCKa (DDS), npu stom amck npeACTaBJweT 
co6ofl i^ncppoBoR yHUBepcanbHbiR flMCK c 
npon3BoribHbiM flooTynoM (DVD-RAM). 

22. Cnoco6 ynpaBneHUfl Ae0eKTawin no n. 
20, no KOTopoMy Ha 3Tane (a) nHcpopMaL\Mio, 
npeACTaBriflioiAyio npuMeHeHne vow 
HenpMMeHeHne nnHeRHoW 3aMeHbi pfm 
cneLjKicpHMecKOM o6jiaoTM AMCKa, 3anncbiBaKDT b 
pe3epBH0Pi o6nacTM cp/iara cepTucpMKaunn 
rpynnbi b CTpyKType onpeAeneHna flMCKa (DDS), 



npM 3TOM AMOK HBriHeTCH l4MCppOBblM 

yHMBepcartbHbiM a^okom c npon3BoribHbiM 
AOCTynoM (DVD-RAM). 

23. Cnoco6 ynpaBneHun AecpeiaaMM no n. 
20, no KOTopoMy Ha STane (a) HHCpopMa^Mlo, 
npeACTaBJisnomyio npMMeHeHne mjim 
HenpMwieHeHne nnHeSiHoPi 3aMeHbi, 3anncbiBai0T 

npM 4)OpMaTMpOBaHMM flMCKa. 

24. Cnoco6 ynpaBJieHUfl RetyeKrawiA no n. 
20, no KOTopoMy Ha sTane (a) uncpopMai^Mio, 
npeACTaBJiHiomyK) npMMeHeHMe nnn 
HenpuMeHeHne nnHeCiHOM 3aMeHbi, 3annobiBaioT 
HenocpeAOTBeHHO nepeA sanncbra Ha amck 
AaHHbix b peanbHOM MaciUTa6e BpewieHM. 

25. Cnoco6 ynpasiieHMfi AecpeiaaMM no n. 
20, no KOTopoMy MHCpopMaL^nsi, 
npeflOTaBTiflioiiiafl npuwieHeHne mjim 
HenpuMeHeHMe jiMHeCiHOM 3aMeHbi, HBiweTCH 
MH0opMai^neM Ann 0T06pa«eHMn MHOJKecTBa 
pe>KMMOB ynpaBJieHun AecpeicraMU, m 3Ta 
MHCpopMau,MB 3anncbiBaeTca b pe3epBHOM 
o6nacTH CTpyicrypbi onpefleTieHun p/ackb (DDS). 

26. Cnoco6 ynpaBTieHUH p,e$eKraMV\ no n. 
25, no KOTopoMy HHCpopMaunn, oTo6pa>Kaiomafl 
MHO>KecTBO pe>KHMOB ynpaB/ieHMfl AecpeKTaMM, 
BKntoMaeT b oe6n MHCpopMaL^nio, 
npeflCTaBJiniomyio to, hto cKonb3ntAa!i 3aivieHa m 
nnHeMHaa 3aMeHa npuMeHnKJTCfl no OTHOiueHMio 
KO BCSM A3HHblM, HaxoAniAMMCfi Ha HOCMTerie 
sannon, MHcpopMai^Mio, npeAOTaBJisiioiAyio to, 

MTO TIMHeMHaR 3aMeHa Bbl6opOMHO npMMeHSieTCfl 
B COOTBeTOTBMM C TMnOM A3HHHX, M 

MHCpopMaL(nio, npeACTaBnnioLnyio to, mto 
jiMHeRHaR 3aMeHa He npuweHneTcn ko BceM 
AaHHbiM, HaxoflniflMMCH Ha HOCMTerie 3anMCM. 

27. CnocoB ynpaBneHMfl AecpeirraMU no n. 
20, no KOTopoMy MH0opMaM,nfi, 
npeACTaBJiaiomasi npuMeHeHne hxim 
HenpuMeHeHne nnHeiiHoCi 3aiweHbi, 03HaMaeT 
npuMeHeHne onooo6a ynpaBJieHMft AecpeKTaiwn, 
npeAHa3HaMeHHoro Ann 3anMcn b peanbHOM 
MaciuTa6e BpeMeHM, no KOTopoMy nuHeHHafl 
3aweHa He BbinonHneTca npu pa3MeifleHMM 
3anacHOM o6naoTM TonbKO Ann 



28. Cnoco6 ynpaBJieHun AecpeiaaMM no n. 
27, no KOTopoMy 3anacHyio o6nacTb Ann 
cKonb3f)ineM 3aMeHbi pa3MeiAaioT b nocneAHeM 
rpynne flucKa, a MHcpopiviai^Mio, 
npeACTaannioiAyio npniweHeHne mv\ 
HenpuMeHeHne rwHefiHoH 3aMeHbi, 3anncbiBaioT 
b pe3epBHOfi o6nacTM OTpyiaypbi onpeAeneHMfl 
AUCKa (DDS) m cnncKa nepBMMHbix Aecp eKTOB 
(PDL). 

29. Cnoco6 ynpaBneHMM Ae0eKTaivin no n. 
20, no KOTopoMy Ha 3Tane (6) b oTBeT Ha 
HHCpopMai^Mio o npMMeHeHHH unM 
HenpniweHeHMM riMHeRHoR 3aMeHN, 
npeACTaBTineTCfl HenpMMeHeHMe nnHeMHOM 
3aMeHbi, cnoco6 ynpaBneHMS) AecpeKTaMM 
coflep>KMT HenpuMeHeHne jiMHeMHoW 3aMeHbi 
Ann AaHHbix b peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMenn, 

KOTOpble AOn>KHbl 6blTb 3anncaHbi Ha AUCKe, n 

npnn/ieHeHMe TiMHeRHOM 3aMeHbi Ann AaHHbix, 
KOTopue Aon>KHbi 6biTb 3anncaHbi Ha ahck, 
ApyrMX, MeM b peanbHOM MacujTa6e BpeMeHM. 

30. Cnoco6 ynpaBJieHun flecpeKTaMM no n. 
20, no KOTopoMy Ha 3Tane (6) b OTBeT Ha 
MHCpOpMai4MK0 o npMMeHeHMM MnM 
HenpMMeHeHMM jimhgmhom 3aMeHbi 
npeflCTasnneTCH HenpuMeHeHMe nMHe^HOM 
3aMeHbi, cnoco6 ynpaBneHMn fle0eKTaMM 
coAep>KMT HenpMMeHOHMe riMHe^HOM 3aMeHbi 
He3aBMCMMO OT Toro, 6blHM m AaHHbie, KOTopue 
Aon«Hbi 6biTb 3anMcaHbi, A3HHUMM b peanbHOM 



CM 

o 



MacwTa6e BpeMeHM. 

31 . Cnoco6 ynpaeneHUfl flecpeiaaMM no n. 
20, flonojiHHTeiibHO coAepwauiMCi aTanu: (b) 
OTMeHflCT jiMHePiHyto 3aMeHy p,e<pe\sia b 
o6jiaoTH, rfle Aonawu 3anncbiBaTbCH AaHHbie b 
peanbHOM MaoiuTaCe BpeMeHM, b cnynae, Korfla 
MHcpopMaLjMfl, npeflCTaBJifnou^afi npniweHeHne 
nnn HenpniweHeHne jinHeiiHofi 3aMeHbi, 
npeACTaBnaeT HenpuMeHeHne nnHeRHoPi 

32. Cnoco6 ynpaBJieHUfi flecpeicraMU no n. 
31, no KOTopowiy Ha 3Tane (b) otmohriot 
nnHeRHyio 3an/ieHy c nonojib30BaHneM cpnara, 
npeflCTaBnsiioinero to, mto nnHe^Haa 3aMeHa 
6bina OTMeHeHa o nono/ibsoBaHneM pe3epBHoro 
6nTa b cnucxe BTopMMHbix AecpeKTOB (SDL), 
HHtfcopMai^a npeACTaBJiflioinaft to, mto 
AecpeKTHbiM 6/iok 6bm 3aMeHeH, 3anoMMHaeTCfl B 
6nTe o6o3HaMeHMfl CMnoBoro nepeHa3HaMeHMH 
(FRM) BXOAa onucKa BTopMMHbix AecpeKTOB 
(SDL), a HOMepa HananbHbix ceiaopoB 
AeqbeKTHoro 6noKa m 3aMeHflK)inero 6noKa 
3anoMHHaioT05) b onuoKe BTopuHHbix AecpeKTOB 
(SDL). 

33. Cnoco6 ynpaBneHMfl AecpeicraMM no n. 
31, no KOTopoMy Ha 3Tane (b) npn OTMeHe 
nnHetiHoR 3aMeHbi AeqbeKra b oonacTM, b 
KOTOpoH AOTDKHbl 3anncbiBaTbc$i AaHHbie 
peanbHoro BpeMeHM, TonbKo Howiep HananbHoro 
ceKTopa AeqbeKTHoro 6noKa ocTaBJistoT b cnncKe 

BTOpMMHblX AecpeKTOB (SDL), MHCpOpMaLJMlO, 

npeACTaBTiflioiAyio to, mto AecpeKTHbiM 6noK He 
6bin 3aM©HeH, 3anoMHHaioT b 6nTe o6o3H3Mshmr 
cmioBoro nepeHa3HaMeHMfl (FRM) BXOAa cnncKa 
BTopuMHbix AecpeKTOB (SDL), oToopawaioiAeM, 
3aMeHancH rw Aecf>eKTHbiM 6noK, a 
HHcJjopMaLinio, npeAOTaBDRioiAyK) OTcyTCTBue 
3aMeHbi AecpeKTHoro 6noKa, 3anoMMHaioT b 
HOMepe HaManbHoro ceKTopa 3aMeHflioiAero 
6noKa, 3anncaHHOM bo bxoa© cnnoKa btophmhux 
AecpeKTOB (SDL). 

34. Cnooo6 ynpaBneHMH AecpeicraMM no n - 
20, AononHHTenbHo coAep^aiAMfl 3Tan: (r) 
3anncbiBaiOT TonbKo HOMep HaMaribHoro ceKTopa 
6noKa, MMeiomero AecpeKT, KOTopuR o6pa30BaH 
npn ncnojib30BaHMM flMCKa, Ha kotopom b cnncKe 
BTopMMHbix AecpeKTOB (SDL) 6bina 3anncaHa 
MHqbopMai^ufi o tom, mto nMHeiwaa 3aMeHa npn 
ynpaBJieHUM flecpeKTaMM He 6yfleT npuMeHHTbcsi, 
b 6MTe o6o3HaMeHM« cnjiosoro nepeHa3HaHeHMH 
(FRM) BXOAa cnncKa BTopMMHbix AecpeKTOB 
(SDL), noKa3biBaioiAeM, 3aMeHflncn nn 
AecpeKTHbiM 6jiok, m 3anMCbiBaioT MHCpopMaijMio 
o tom, mto AecpeKTHbiM 6noK He 6bin 3aMeHeH, b 
HOMepe HaManbHoro oeicropa 3aMeHS»oiAero 
6noKa bo BXOAe cnncKa btophmhux AecpeKTOB 
(SDL). 

35. Cnoco6 ynpaBneHMH AecpeicraMM no n. 
20, AononHHTeribHO coAepxcatAMfl 3Tan: (a) 
BbinoriHflioT ynpaeneHne AecpeicraMM, 
ocHOBaHHoe Ha nnHeflHoB 3aMeHe b cnynae, 
KorAa AecpeKT o6pa3yeTca bo BpeMH 
ncnoribsOBaHMa AMCKa, Ha kotopom 6bina 
3annoaHa MHqbopMaL(Mfl o tom, mto mnewnafi 
saMeHa 6yAeT Mcnonb30BaTbCH npn ynpaBneHnn 
AecpeicraMM. 

36. Cnoco6 sanncn AaHHbix b pearibHOM 
MaciuTa6e BpeMeHM npn ynpaBnennn 
AecfjeKTaMU Ha AMCKe c ncnonb30BaHneM 
ycTpoRcTBa Ana 3anncn AUCKa, coAepwaiMMPi 
3Tanbi: (a) onpeAensiioT, 6yAeT Jin 
nononb30BaTbCfl MHCpopMam«i, 
npeAOTaBnsiioiAafl, mto pewaM ynpaBJieHUJi 
AeqbeKTaMU ocHOBbiBaeTca Ha nuHeflHotf 
3aMene; (6) onpeAenaioT, jiBnflHDToa m AaHHbie, 



KOTopbie 6yAyT 3anncbiBaTb, AaHHbiMM b 
peanbHOM MaciDTa6e BpeMeHU, KorAa 
MHCfopMaunfl o pe>KHMe ynpaBnennfl 
AecJjeKraMU aBnneTcn MHC})opMai^nePi o tom, mto 
nnHeiiHan 3aMena He 6yAeT npHMeHHTbca; (b) 
onpeAeiiRioT, cyiAecTByeT iva Aeqteicr, 
noAsepriunMCf) jiMHeRHoii saMeHe, b oSnaoTn 
Ana 3annon ashhux, KorAa AaHHbie, KOTopbie 
6yAyT 3anncbiBaTb, mmtojc* AaHHbiMn b 
peanbHOM MaoiiiTa6e BpeMeHu; (r) onpeAenaioT, 
o6Hapyw:eH nn hobhm AecfceKT b o6naoTH ppn 
3anncn AaHHbix, KorAa Aeq^eiCT, noABepnjunRcfi 
TiMHeMHoK 3aMeHe, OTcyTCTByeT b o6nacTH Ana 
sanncH AaHHbix, v\ 3anncbiBaiOT AaHHbie b 
peanbHOM MacajTa6e BpeMeHM b >KenaeMOM 
o6nacTM, KorAa HOBbm Ae4>eia He o6Hapy>xeH. 

37. Cnooo6 3anMCM AaHHbix b peanbHOM 
MaciuTaoe BpeMeHM no n. 36, AononHMTenbHO 
coAep>KaiAMM STanbi: (a) BbinonHHioT 
ynpaBneHMe Aect>eKTaMM, KorAa MHCpopMauM« o 
pe>KMMe ynpaBneHMfl AecpeicraMM jiBnaeTCfi 
MHcpopMai^MeK, npeACTaBnHio^eM to, mto 
nMHeMHan 3aMeHa 6yAeT Mcnonb3OBaTb0J! Ha 
3Tane (a) onpeAeneHMn Mcnonb30BaHMn 
MHC^opMai^MM o pe>KMMe ynpaBneHMfi 
AecpeKTaMM; (e) BbinonHfliOT ynpaBneHMe 
AecpeiaaMM, KorAa AaHHbie, KOTopbie 6yAyT 
3anncbiBaTbCii, He ABnaioTCH AaHHbiMM b 
peanbHOM MaciuTa6e BpeMeHU Ha aTane (6). 

38. Cnoco6 sanMCM AaHHbix b peanbHOM 
MacwTa6e BpeMeHM no n. 36, AononHMTenbHO 
coAep>Kau4MM 3Tan: (x) oTMeH^ioT nMHeiwyio 
3aMeHy, KorAa nMHeMHO 3aMeHeHHbiCi AecpeKT 
npMcyTCTByeT b o6nacTM pfm 3anMCM AaHHbix, 
KorAa AaHHbie, KOTopbie 6yAyT 3anM0biBaTbca, 
sisnFiioTcn AaHHbiMM b peanbHOM MacaiTa6e 
BpeMeHM, Ha 3Tane (b). 

39. Cnoco6 no n. 38, no KOTopoMy Ha STane 
(k) npM OTMeHe nMHeMHoCi 3aMeHbi TonbKO 
HOMep HaManbHoro ceKTopa AecpeKTHoro 6noKa 
0CTaeTC« b onMCKe btopmmhwx AecpeKTOB (SDL), 
MHcpopMat^Ms, npeACTaBnwomafl to, mto 
AecpeKTHbiM 6noK He 6bi 
3anoMMHaeToa b 6MTe o6o3HaMeHMfl c 
nepeHasHaneHMfl (FRM) Bxona onMOKa 
BTopMMHbix AecfceKTOB (SDL), noxa3biBaiomeM, 
6wn nM 3aMeHeH AecpeKTHbiR 6noK, a 
MHcpopMaL(Ma, npeACTaBnaioiAaa to, mto 
AecpeKTHbiM 6noK He 6bin 3aMeHeH, 
3anMCbiBaeTCJi b HOMepe HaManbHoro ceicropa 
3aMeHWOinero 6noKa bo BXOAe onMCKa 
BTOpMMHblX AecpeKTOB (SDL). 

40. Cnooo6 no n. 38, no KOTopoMy Ha 3Tane 
(jk) npM OTMeHe nMHeMHOM 3aMeHbi cpnar, 
npeACTaBnnioLUMM to, mto nMHeMHaa 3aMeHa 
6bina OTMeHeHa, ycTaHaBnMBaeTca c 
Mcnonb30BaHMeM pesepBHoro 6vna Bxofla 

CnMCKa BTOpMMHblX AeOteKTOB (SDL), 

MHcf)opMaL(Mfl, npeACTaanRiomaa to, mto 
AecpeKTHbiPi 6noK 6bin 3aMeneH, 3anoMMHaeTca b 
6MTe o6o3HaMeHMq CMnoBoro nepeHasnaMeHMH 
(FRM) BXOAa onMCKa BTopMMHbix AecpeKTOB 
(SDL), a HOMepa HananbHbix ceicropoB 
AecpeKTHoro 6noKa m 3aMeHHicii|ero 6noKa 
3anMCbiBaioTOfl bo BXOAe cnMCKa BTopMMHbix 
AecpeKTOB (SDL). 

41. Cnoco6 3anMCM AaHHbix b peanbHOM 
MacwTa6e BpeMeHM no n. 36, AononHMTenbHO 
coAep>KaiHMM 3Tan: (3) 3anMCbiBaioT 
MHCpopMauiMio, npeACTaBnaiomyio to, mto 
nMHei^Han 3aMeHa He BbinonHJieTCfl, KorAa 
HOBbiM AecpeKT o6Hapy>KMBaiOT Ha 3Tane (r) npM 
onpeAeneHMM hoboto Aecpeicra b ofinacTM ppst 
3anMCM AaHHbix. 

42. Cnoco6 no n. 41, no KOTopoMy Ha STane 



ZD 



(3) 3anUCU HHCfjOpMai^MM TOJIbKO HOMep 

HaMaiibHoro ceicropa AecpeicrHoro 6noKa 

OCTaBflfllOT B CflUCKe BTOpHMHblX fle0eKTOB 

(SDL), HHCpopMaijHK), npeflCTaBiwiomyK) to, mto 
AecpeKTHbifl 6riOK He 6bm 3aiweHeH, 3anoMHHaiOT 
b 6nTe o6o3HaHeHH« cwioBoro nepeHa3HaMeHHfl 
(FRM) BXOfla cnncKa BTopMMHbix AecpeKTOB 
(SDL), noKa3biBaiomeM, 6bin nn 3aMeHeH 
Ae$eicmbiR 6tiok, a UHCpopMat^wo, 
npeACTaBJifliomyio to, mto AecpeKTHbift 6jiok He 
6bin 3aMeHeH, 3anncbiBaioT b HOMepe 
HananbHoro ceiaopa 3aMeHf)ioiAero 6noKa bo 
BxoAe cnncKa BTopwHHbix AecpeKTOB (SDL). 

43. CnocoC no n. 36, no KOTopowiy 
MHCpopMai4Hfl o pexwMe ynpaaneHHfl 
AecpeKTaMM fisnfleTCH UHCpopMa 4 Liefl, 
npeACTaBTiflioiAefi npuMeHeHue hjim 
HenpMMeHeHne jiMHefiHOM 3aivieHbi Ann Bcero 
AMCKa, m 3anoMMHaeTcn b pe3epBHoPi oSnacTM 
cpnara cepTMCpHKamw AncKa b CTpyiaype 
onpeAerieHun AHCKa (DDS), npeAycMOTpeHHoCi 
Ha qncppoBOM yHUBepoanbHOM AnoKe o 
npon3BoribHbiM AOCTynoM (DVD-RAM). 

44. Cnoco6 no n. 36, no KOTopoMy 
MHCjDopMaij|HJi o pe>KHMe ynpaeneHHfl 
AecpeicraMM aanfieTCfi rndpopuauyiePi, 
npeAOTaBnfuoiAeii npuMeHenwe mjim 
HenpuMeHeHne nHHeKHoB 3aMeHbi ppa 
HeKOTopwx rpynn AaHHbix AHCKa, n 
3anoMMHaeTCf) b pe3epBH0« o6nac™ cpnara 
cepTn4>MKai^MM rpynnbi b CTpyiaype 
onpeAeneHHH pyicKa (DDS), npeAycMOTpeHHOfi 
Ha m^cppoBOM yHUBepoanbHOM AncKe c 
npoM3BonbHbiM AOCTynoM (DVD-RAM). 

45. Cnoco6 no n. 36, no KOTopoMy 
HHCpopMa 4 HH o pe>KWVie ynpaBJieHun 
AecpeiaaMU BicnioHaeT b ce6fl MHCpopMaqwo, 



npeACTaBnRioiAyio to, hto CKOJib3fliAan 3awieHa n 
nnHeRHan 3aMeHa npuMeHHiOTCH ko bc»m 

AaHHbIM, HaXOAHlMHMCfl H a A^CKe, MHCpOpMaLJKIO, 

npeACTaBnRioiAyio to, mto jiHHeHHaa 3aMeHa 
BbioopoMHo npuMenneTcsi b coot BeTCT b m m c 

TtWOM A3HHblX, M MHCpOpMai^MK), 

npeAOTaBnaioiAyrci to, mto jiHHeflHaa 3aMeHa He 
npitMeHfieTCH ko bcsm AaHHbiM, HaxoAfliAHMca 
Ha AHCKe, m 3anoMHHaeTC5i b pe3epBHofl 
o6riacTH CTpyicrypbi onpeAeneHnsi A^cra (DDS), 
npeAycMOTpeHHotf Ha ijucppoBOM 

yHUBepoanbHOM Anoxe c npon3BonbHbiM 
AOCTynoM (DVD-RAM). 

46. Cnoco6 no n. 36, no KOTopoMy ahck 
sianneTCfl HMCppoBbiM yHMBepcanbHbiM auckom c 
npon3BOJibHbiM AOCTynoM (DVD-RAM), 
MMeioiAMM cTpyicrypy onpeAeneHua AMOKa (DDS) 
M cnncoK nepBUHHbix aecpeKTOB (PDL) v\ 
HHCpopMamw o pe>KMMe ynpaB/ieHHfl 
AecpeiaaMU mnneTca HHCpopMa 4 i/ieH, 
npeACTaBTiflioiAe^ ncnorib30BaHne cnoco6a 
ynpaBneHUR AecpeKTaMM TonbKO a™ 3anncn b 
peanbHOM MacuiTa6e BpeMeHM, b KOTopoR 
jiMHeKnafi 3aMeHa He npwMeHaeTCfl npn 
pa3MetL(eHMM 3anacHofl oonac™ ToribKO ppn 
cK0Jib3fliAeR saMeHbi, n 3anoMMHaeTCH b 
pe3epBH0« o6nacTn cTpyioypbi onpeAeneHiw 
AMCKa (DDS), npeAycMOTpeHHO« Ha H ncppoBOM 

yHMBepcanbHOM AUCKe C npOM3BOnbHblM 

AOCTynoM (DVD-RAM), n cnncKe nepBUMHbix 
AecpeKTOB (PDL). 

npnopnTeT no nywaaM; 

20.04.1998 - no nn. 1-3, 5-7, 9 m 20-24; 

24.06.1998 -no nn. 4, 8 m 29; 

23.07.1998- no nn. 10, 30-42; 

27.08.1998 - no nn. 11, 15-17, 25, 26, 43-45; 

01.09.1998 - no nn. 12-14, 18, 19, 27, 28, 46. 



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