Skip to main content

Full text of "USPTO Patents Application 10670332"

See other formats


(51) Int. CI. 7 



1 2 174716 3 C2 

G11 B 20/18 



< 12 > ABSTRACT OF INVENTION 



(21), (22) Application: 97121497/28, 11.03.1997 

(24) Effective date for property rights: 1 1 .03. 1 997 

(30) Priority: 25.03.1996 JP 8-068528 

(43) Application published: 10.10.1999 

(46) Date of publication: 10.10.2001 

(85) Commencement of national phase: 25.12.1997 



) Mail address: 
103735, Moskva, ul. Il'inka 5/2, 
"Sojuzpatent", Jatrovoj L.I. 



(72) Inventor: JaMAMURO Mikio (JP) 



(54) DEVICE WITH OPTIC DISK AND PROCESS OF REPLACEMENT OF OPTIC DISK 



(57) Abstract: 

FIELD: recording and playback devices 
with optic disks. SUBSTANCE: breadboard data 
for time of processing or for initial time 
such as time of run of benchmark problem are 
recorded on optical disk subject to 
recording of data in units of single ECC 
block formed by 16 sectors. Then breadboard 
data are played back to determine sector 
with primary defect, address of sector 
having primary defect is recorded on optic 
disk, data are recorded in units of ECC 
block as data are run through sector with 
primary defect. Then data recorded during 
recording time of data different from 
initial time are recorded on optic disk on 
which data in units of single ECC block 
should be recorded. Later data are played 
back to determine ECC block having sector 
with secondary defect and data of ECC block 
which is determined as one having sector 
with secondary defect are recorded into ECC 



block that is prepared separately. Again 
breadboard data are recorded during time of 
processing or during such initial time as 
time of run of benchmark problem on optic 
disk on which data in units of single ECC 
block should be recorded. Then breadboard 
data are played back to determine sector 
with primary defect, address of sector which 
has being determined as one with primary 
defect are recorded on optic disk. Data are 
recorded in units of single ECC block at 
same time as data are run through sector 
with primary defect. Data are recorded for 
time of recording of data different from 
initial time. Data are played back to 
determine ECC block having sector with 
secondary defect and data of ECC block which 
is determined as one having sector with 
secondary defect are recorded in ECC block 
which is prepared separately. EFFECT: 
improved functional reliability of device. 
12 cl, 20 dwg 



-3- 




(51) MflK 7 



2 174 716 

G 11 B 20/18 



C2 



7i 



< 12 > Oni/ICAHUE I/I30E-PETEHHA K nATEHTY POCCMMCKOPl 
q>EflEPAI4HH 



(21), (22) 3asBKa: 97121497/28, 11.03.1997 

(24) flaTa Hanana fleftcTBMfl naieHTa: 11.03.1997 

(30) npnopnTeT: 25.03.1996 JP 8-068528 

(43) flaia ny6nnKaLinn 3anBKn: 10.10.1999 

(46) flaia ny6jiMKaiJiiiM: 10.10.2001 

(56) CcbinKn: US 5235585 A, 10.08.1993. US 5237553 
A, 17.08.1993. US 5202876 A, 13.04.1993. EP 
0420211 A2, 13.04.1991. RU 2051428 C1, 
27.12.1995. SU 1831167 A, 27.05.1995. 

(85) flaia nepeBOfla aanam PCT Ha Hai^oHanbHyio 



(98) Aflpec ana nepenncKn: 

103735, MocKBa, yn. HnbMHKa 5/2, 
"Coio3naTeHT", fltpoBoCi Jl.H. 



(72) M3o6peTaTenb: HMAMyPO Mmkmo (JP) 



(54) YCTPOMCTBO C OnTHHECKHM flMCKOM M CnOCOB OCyiMECTBJlEHMa 3AMEHbl flJIH 
OriTMM ECKOfO flHCKA 



(57) 

Hcnojib30BaHHe: b 3ariMCbiBaiomMX m 

BOCnpOM3BOflfllflMX ycTpoiicTBax C OnTMMeCKUM 

flMCKOM. CymHOCTb M3o6peTeHMH: Ha onTMMecKnti 
flMCK, Ha KOTopbiK flon>KHbi 3anncbiBaTbCfl 
flaHHbie b eflMHMuax oflHoro ECC-6noKa, 
c<popMnpoBaHHoro 16 ceicropaMU, 

3annobiBaK3Tcsi MaKeTHbie flaHHbie 3a speMH 
o6pa6oTKM min 3a HananbHoe speMH, TaKoe KaK 
BpeMfl aanyoKa nprnaiaflHofl 3aflaHM, 3aTeM 
MaKeTHbie flaHHbie BOcnpoM3BOflHTcs nnn 
onpefleneHMfl ceiaopa c nepBUHHbiM flecpeKTOM, 
aflpec ceiaopa, KOTopbifi, KaK onpeflenneTCfl, 
MMeeT nepBMMHbift flecpeia, 3anncbiBaeTCfl Ha 

OnTMHeCKMM flMCK, M 3a BpeMfl 3anMCM flaHHblX 

3anMCb flaHHbix ocyiflecTBrifleTCH b eflMHuqax 
OflHoro ECC-6noKa, b to BpeMH KaK npoMcxoflMT 
nporoH Hepe3 ceKTop c nepBMMHbiM flecpeKTOM. 
KpoMe Toro, Ha onTMMecKMM amck, Ha KOTopbifi 
flon>KHbi 3anMCbiBaTbC5i flaHHbie b eflHHML\ax 
OflHoro ECC-6noKa, flaHHbie 3anMCbiBaioTCfl 3a 
BpeMsi 3anMCM flaHHbix, oTHMMHoe ot HananbHoro 



onpefleneHMn ECC-6noKa, MMeiomero ceKTop c 
BTopMHHbiM flecpeKTOM, m flaHHbie ECC-6/ioKa, 
KOTopbiM, KaK onpeflenaeTCfl, MMeeT ceiaop c 

BTOpMMHbIM flecpeKTOM, 3anMCblBaK)TC8 B 

ECC-6noK, KOTopbiM noflroTaB/WBaeTca 
OTflenbHO. KpoMe Toro, Ha onTMHecKMM flMCK, Ha 

KOTOpbIM flOTOKHbl 3anMCblBaTbCH flaHHbie b 

eflMHMi^ax OflHoro ECC-6noKa, 

ccpopMnpoBaHHoro 16 ceicropaMM, MaKeTHbie 
flaHHbie 3anMCbiBaiOTOfl 3a BpeMfi o6pa6oTKM wm 
HaManbHoe BpeMn, TaKoe KaK BpeMH 3anycKa 
npMKnaflHOM 3afla4M, 3aTeM MaKeTHbie flaHHbie 
BocnpoM3BOflHTcn flna onpefleneHMH ceiaopa c 
nepBMHHbiM flecpeKTOM, aflpec ceiaopa, KOTopbiM, 
KaK onpeflenaeTCfi, MMeeT nepBMMHbiCi flecpeia, 
3anMCbiBaeTcn Ha onTMMecKMM flMCK, 3anMCb 
flaHHbix ocyii4ecTBJiaeTCfl b eflMHMi^ax oflHoro 
ECC-6noKa, b to BpeMH KaK npoMcxoflMT nporoH 
Mepe3 ceiaop c nepBMMHbiM flecpeKTOM 3a BpeMH 
3anMCM flaHHbix, flaHHbie 3armcbiBaioTCfl 3a 
BpeMfi 3anMCM flaHHbix, ot/imhho6 ot HaManbHoro 
BpeMeHM, flaHHbie BocnpoM3BOflflTcn p,nn 
onpefleneHna ECC-6noKa, MMeioii|ero ceiaop c 




-2- 



20 

c 



CD 

O 



H3o6peTeHne othocmtch k 3anMCbiBaioineMy 
m Bocnpon3BOAflineMy ycTpoiicTBy c onTHMecKMM 
flMCKOM Anfl 3anncn aaHHbix Ha omwecKMM amck 
m Bocnpon3BefleHnn flaHHbix, 3anncaHHbix Ha 
onTMMecKMPi amok, k 3anncbiBaK3U4eMy ycTpoCicTBy 
c onTWHecKMM auckom, Mcnonb3yeMOMy 
MCKnioMHTejibHO flnfl 3awicM flaHHblX Ha 

OnTMMeCKMM flMCK, K BOCnpOM3BOflS1lHeMy 
yCTpOMCTBy C OnTHHeCKHM flUCKOM, 

Mcnonb3yeMOMy MCKfiroHMTenbHO pfm 
Bocnpon3BefleHMfl flaHHbix, 3anncaHHbix Ha 
onnmecKOM flMCKe, m k cnooo6y ocymecTBneHMH 
3aMeHbi ana peannsaqnn npoLjecca 3aMeHbi 
flecpeKTHOM o6riacTH nnn flecpeKTHbix o6nacTeft b 
ycTpoiicTBe c onTimecKMM amckom. 

TpaflMi^MOHHO BHeflpanocb ycTpoiicTBO c 
onTMHGCKHM flucKOM fliisi 3anucn flaHHblX Ha 
om-MHecKMfl flMCK, viMewwyiv! flopo>KKH 3anncn, 
mjim flnn BocnpoM3BefleHnsi flaHHbix, 3anncaHHbix 
Ha omnMecKOM flMCKe, 3a cneT ncnonb30BaHnn 
na3epHoro n3nyMeHnn, McnycKaeMoro 
nonynpoBOflHMKOBbiM na3ep0M, 

CMOHTHpOBaHHblM Ha OnTMMGCKOM rOJIOBKS. 

B onucaHHOM Bbiiue ycTpoficTBe c 

OnTMHeCKMM AMCKOM flaHHbie 3anMCblBaiOTCfl Ha 

onTMMecKMM flucK b eflUHMi^ax oflHoro 6noKa KOfla 
c ncnpaBneHMeM owm6ok (ECC), 

CCpOpMMpOBaHHOrO MHOWeCTBOM ceKTopoB. 

B 3tom cnynae npeAnaraeTca ycTpoiicTBO c 
onTMHecKMM flMCKOM, b KOTopoM onpeAenaeTca 
tomho mjim HeT 3anMcaHbi flaHHbie b eflMHMuax 
OflHoro ceKTopa 3a speMH o6pa6oTKM mjim 3a 
HaMaribHoe BpeMH, TaKoe KaK BpeMH 3anycKa 
npMKnaflHOM 3aflaMM, m ecjiM ceiaop cflecpeiaoM 
o6Hapy>KMBaeTCfl c noMoiflbio onMcaHHoro Bbiiue 
cnocooa onpefleneHMH, ECC-6noK, BicnioMaiotuMM 
ceiaop, onpeflenneTcn KaK flecpeKTHbiM 6noK m 
aHaiW3MpyeTC8 KaK HenpuroflHbiM 6hok. 

rioaTOMy, ecnn 3anMCbiBaioTCH 
nocneflOBaTenbHbie aneMeHTapHbie rpynnbi 
flaHHbix, TaKMX KaK peMb Mnn KMHOM3o6pa>KeHMe, 
m ecnM npMcyTCTByeT ECC-6noK, KOTopbiM 
frenaeTca HenpMroflHbiM, ocymecTBJiaeTCfl 
npcmecc 3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBMra flns 3anMcn 
flaHHbix Ha cneflyiomuM ECC-6noK nocxie 
nporoHa <nepe3 ynoMfiHyTbiM Bbiiue ECC-6noK, t. 
e. onepai^Mn 3anMCM flaHHbix npepbiBaeTcs Ha 
nepMOfl BpeMeHM, cooTBeTCTByraiflMM oflHOMy 
ECC-6/ioKy. 

TaKMM 06pa30M, yCTDOMCTBO C OnTMHeCKMM 
flMCKOM MMeeT HeflOCTaTOK, COCTOflmMfi B TOM, 

mto onepaLiMn Bocnpon3BefleHMfl npepbiBaeTCH 
Ha nepnofl BpeMeHM, cooTB6TCTBy ioiam m OflHOMy 
ECC-6ri0Ky, KOTopbiii HBnaeTCH flecpeKTHbiM, 
HanpMMep, Korfla BocnpoM3BOflHTca 
nocneflOBaTenbHbie aneMeHTapHbie rpynnbi 

flaHHblX, TaKMX KaK peMb MnM KMH0M306pa)KeHMe. 

KpoMe Toro, npeflnaraeTCH cnoco6 
onpefleneHMS Toro, tomho urn hot 3anMcanbi 
flaHHbie flnn Kaacfloro ceiaopa 3a BpeMH sanMCM 
nocne HananbHoro BpeMeHM paccMOTpeHMfl 
flecpeKTHoro ceirropa KaK HenpMroflHoro ceiaopa, 
ecnM flecpeKTHbiM ceiaop o6Hapy>KMBaeTCfl 3a 
cweT onMcaHHoro Bbiiue cnoco6a onpefleneHMR m 
3anMcn flaHHbix npM Mcnonb30BaHMM ceiaopa, 
noflroTOBneHHoro b flpyroM o6nacTM flnn 



cnyMae cTaHOBMTca Heo6xoflMMo 
BocnpoM3BOflMTb ceiaop Ana 3aMeHbi B xofle 
BocnpoM3BefleHMSi ECC-6noKa m 3aT6M 
nocneflOBaTenbHo BocnpoM3BOflMTb ceiaopa 
nepBOHananbHoro ECC-6noKa. CneflOBaTenbHO, 



B 3tom cnyMae, ecnM flaHH 
Ha ceiaope flpyrofi o6nacTM, He 

BOCnpOM3BOflflTCfl OflHOBpeMeHHO C 

BocnpoM3BefleHMeM OflHoro ECC-6noKa, He 
MO)KeT ocyiflecTBnsiTbCfl BocnpoM3BefleHMe 
L^enoro ECC-6noKa. T.e., nepBOHaManbHO, 
ceiaopa OflHoro ECC-6noKa MoryT 
BocnpoM3BOflMTbca nocneflOBaTenbHo, ho b stom 



L4enb HacTOfii^ero M3o6peTeHMH - co3flaHMe 
ycTpoiicTBa c onTMHecKMM amckom, cnoco6Horo 
3anMCbiBaTb flaHHbie TaKMM o6pa30M, HTo6bi 

6bina B03MO>KHOCTb BOCnDOM3BOflMTb MX 

HenpepbiBHO, Korfla BocnpoM3B0flflTcn 
nocneflOBaTenbHbie sneMeHTapHbie rpynnbi 

flaHHblX, TaKMX KaK peMb MnM KMH0M306pa>KeHMe, 

flawe ecnM npoi4ecc 3aMeHbi flecpeiaa 
ocymecTBnseTCfl 3a BpeMfl o6pa6oTKM MnM 3a 
Ha^anbHoe BpeMsi, TaKoe KaK BpeMH 3anycKa 
npMKnaAHOM 3aflaMM. 

flpyroii ijenbio HacTOflu^ero M3o6peTeHMn 
flBnaeTcn co3flaHMe ycTpo&cTBa c onTMHecKMM 
flMCKOM, cnoco6Horo HenpepbiBHO 

socnpoM3BOflMTb flaHHbie, Korfla 

BocnpoM3BOflaTca TaKMe nocneflOBaTenbHbie 
aneMeHTapHbie rpynnbi flaHHbix, KaK penb MnM 
KMHOM3o6pa>KeHMe, flawe ecnM npoi^ecc 3aMeHbi 
flecpeiaa ocyiAecTBnfleTCfl 3a BpeMH 3anMCM 
nocne HananbHoro BpeMeHM. 

Eifle oflHOM i^enbio HacTonmero M3o6peTeHMn 
flBnfleTcn co3flaHMe ycTpoRcTBa c onTMMecKMM 
amckom, cnoco6Horo HenpepbiBHO 

BocnpoMSBOAMTb AaHHbie, KorAa 

BocnpoM3BOA«Tcn TaKMe nocneflOBaTenbHbie 
aneMeHTapHbie rpynnbi flaHHbix, KaK penb MnM 
KMHOM3o6pa>KeHMe, fla>Ke ecnM npoL|ecc 3aMeHbi 
flecpeiaa ocyinecTBnneTca 3a BpeMa o6pa6oTKM 
MnM 3a HananbHoe BpeMH, TaKoe KaK BpeMfl 
3anycKa npMKnaflHoCi 3aflaMM. 

KpoMe Toro, eifle oahom L(enbio HacTonmero 
M3o6peTeHMa aBnneTcn co3flaHMe ycTpoMCTBa c 
onTMMecKMM flMCKOM, cnoco6Horo noflaBnaTb 
CHM>KeHMe ckopoctm BocnpoM3BefleHMn, fla>Ke 
ecnM npoL(ecc 3aMeHbi flecpeiaa 
ocyiflecTBnjieTcfl 3a BpeMH 3anMCM nocne 
Ha^anbHoro BpeMeHM. 

B cooTBeTCTBMM c oflHMM acneiaoM 
HacToamero M3o6peTeHMa npeflnaraeTcn cnoco6 
ocymecTBneHMH 3aMeHbi flna onTM^ecKoro flMCKa, 
KOTOpbIM MMeeT flopo>KKM Ann 3anMCM flaHHblX, 
pacnono>KeHHbie KOHL|eHTpMHecKMM o6pa30M MnM 
no cnwpanM, m b kotopom onpeAenaeTCH 

CpOpMaT, MMeiOlUMM MHOJKeCTBO 

nocneAOBaTenbHbix oSnacTefi ceiaopa, Ka>Kflafl 
M3 KOTopbix MMeeT saflaHHyio flnMHy flOpOJKKM M 
BicntoMaeT none aflpeca flnn 3anMCM flaHHbix 
aApeca, yKa3biBaK>mMX no3ML)Mio Ha Aopo>KKe, m 
none 3anMCM Ann 3anMCM flaHHbix 3anMCM, m 
3anMCb AaHHbix 3anMCM ocyinecTBnaeTca b 
eAMHMi^ax oahom o6nacTM 6noKa, coAepJKameM 
rpynny 3aAaHHoro MMcna o6nacTeCi ceiaopa 
cpeflM MHO>KecTBa oSnacTeM ceiaopa m 
BicnioMaioineM o6nacTb sanMCM AaHHbix 
KoppeKi^MM oujm6km, b kotopom aneMeHTapHbie 
rpynnw AaHHbix KoppeKHMM oljm6km, 
Mcnonb3yeMbie Ana AaHHbix 3anMCM, 
3anMcbiBaeMbix b 3aflaHHOM HMcne o6nacTeM 
ceiaopa, b coBOKynHOCTM 3anMCbiBaioTca atia 
rpynnbi 3aAaHHoro HMcna o6nacTefi ceiaopa, 
coAepjKatflMM CTaAMM nocneflOBaTenbHOM 3anMCM 
AaHHbix 3anMCM m AaHHbix Koppe^MM oujm6km bo 
MHomecTBe nocneAOBaTenbHbix o6nacTeM 6noKa 
Ha onTMHecKOM AUCKe, m nporoH Mepe3 o6nacTb 
ceiaopa c AecpeiaoM b eAMHMi^ax oahom o6nacTM 
ceiaopa n 3anMcb AaHHbix 3anMCM m AaHHbix 
xoppeKLiMM oujm6km b cneAyioiflyio o6nacTb 
ceiaopa b cnynae, KorAa AaHHbie 3anMCM m 
AaHHbie KoppeKL|MM oujm6km nocneAOBaTenbHO 



3 

or 



3anncbiBai0TCfl bo MHOwecTBe oonacTefi ceiaopa 
b Ka>KAOM M3 o6jiacTe£i 6noKa. 

<t>nr. 1 npeflCTaBJineT co6om 6noK-cxeMy, 
cxeMaTMHHO noKa3biBaK>Lnyra CTpyiaypy 
ycrpoMCTBa c onTMHecKMM amckom ajia 
oSbflCHeHMSi oflHoro BapnaHTa peann3ai4nn 
flaHHoro M3o6peTeHMfl. 

0nr. 2 npeflCTaBnneT co6ofl bma CBepxy, 
cxefciaTMHHO noKa3biBaM3ii(MM CTpyiaypy 
onTiwecKoro flMCKa, M3o6pa>KeHHoro Ha cpur. 1. 

<t>Mr. 3 npeflcTaBnneT co6om cxeMy, 
cxeMaTMMHO noKa3biBaioLnyio CTpyiaypy 
onTMMGCKoro flMCKa, M3o6pa>KeHHoro Ha cpur. 1. 

<t>nr. 4 npeACTaBJineT co6ofi cxeMy Arm 
o6"bsicHeHMn CKopocTO BpameHMH onTiwecKoro 
flMCKa, n3o6pa>KeHHoro Ha cpur. 1, Arm KaJKflofl 

30HM H HOMepa CeKTOpOB Ha OflHOM flopo>KKe. 

(t>nr. 5 m 6 npefloTaBnnraT co6ofl cxeMbi, 
Kawan H3 KOTopbix noKa3biBaeT CTpyiaypy 
ECC-6noKa onTMHecKoro flMCKa, M3o6paweHHoro 

ct>nr. 7 npeflcTasnneT co6om cxeMy, 
noKa3biBaiomyK> CTpyiaypy KaxcAoro ceiaopa 
ECC-6noKa cpur. 6. 

tpur. 8 npeflCTaBnaeT co6om bma nnn 
nxiniocTpaLiMM flaHHbix b saflaHHOM cpopMaTe b 
MacTM 3aronoBKa onnwecKoro flucKa cpur. 2. 

<Dnr. 9 npeflCTaBnneT co6om cxeMy, 
noKa3biBaK>myK) cpopMaT ceiaopa ECC-6/ioKa 
cpur. 6. 

ctur. 10 npeflCTaBnsieT co6o£i cxeMy, 
noKa3biBaioi^yio npuMep 3anncn b o6jiac™ 
ynpaBneHns flecpeKTOM, co3flaBaeMOM b 30He 
onTM4ecKoro flucKa cpur. 2, rfle B03MO)KHa 
nepe3anncb. 

Our. 11 npeflCTaBnaeT co6ofi bma, 
unniocTpupyioiuMki neieiaopbi ana o6Hapy«eHMH 
npucyTCTBun nnn OTcyTCTBMJt onTH4ecKoro flucKa 

Cpktr. 1 M OTKpblTOTO MJ1M 3aKpblTOTO COCTOflHMH 



0nr. 12 npeflCTaBnneT coSofi 6noK-cxeMy 
flrw miniocTpai^MM HaHanbHoro npoi^ecca 
cpopMnpoBaHMfl cnncKa flecpeiaoB. 

cDnr. 13 m 14 npeflCTaBnnioT cofioR cxeMbi, 
noKa3biBaiou4ne cooTHOweHMe Mexcfly HOMepaMM 
tpM3H4ecKMX ceiaopoB m HOMepaMM nornMecKnx 

JO ceiaopoB, fljin MJiniocTpaqMM 3aMeHbi nyTeM 

cflBura b eflMHML(ax OflHoro ceiaopa. 

C ctinr. 15 npeflCTaBnneT co6o£i cxeMy nxw 

unniocTpaL^MH npoi^ecca 3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBura, 
ocyuiecTBnfieMoro b eflMHMLjax OflHoro ceiaopa, 

K> Korfla nocneflOBaTenbHbie sneMeHTapHbie 
rpynnw flaHHbix, TaKMX KaK KMHOM3o6paweHMe, 
3anncbiBaioTcsi Ha MHO>KecTBe ECC-6jiokob. 

^, Our. 16 npeflCTaB/weT co6ofi cxeMy flnn 

unniocTpaqMM nnHeCiHoro npoqecca 3aMeHbi b 

^ eflMHML(ax OflHoro ECC-6noKa. 

c&nr. 17 npeflCTaBnneT co6om cxeMy flna 

""J unmocTpaqnn nopnflKa Bocnpon3BefleHna 

ECC-6jiokob b nnHePiHOM npoijecce 3aMeHbi b 

~* eflMHMi^ax oflHoro ECC-6noKa. 

0) Our. 18 npeflCTaBnaeT co6om cxeMy, 

noKa3biBaiomyio cooTHOweHMe Me«fly HOMepaMM 

CpM3MMeCKMX CeKTOpOB M HOMepaMM JlOrMMeCKMX 

ceiaopoB b ECC-6noKe ana tqkom 3aMeHbi, Korfla 
O ocymecTBHaeTca HMHeMHbiM npoi^ecc 3aMeHbi b 
I^j eflMHMuax oflHoro ECC-6noKa. 
v * <t>Mr. 19 m 20 npeflCTaB/wioT co6o£i 

6noK-cxeMbi flnn MnxiiocTpat^MM npoL(ecca, 
ocymecTBJifleMoro b tom cnyMae, Korfla flaHHbie 
3anMCbiBai0TCJi b 3aflaHHOM ECC-6noKe. 

Tenepb 6yfleT onMcaH BapMaHT peanM3ai4MM 

3TOTO M306peTeHMS1 CO CCblnKOM Ha 

conpoBO)KflaioinMe 4epTe>KM. 

OMr. 1 M3o6pa>KaeT ycrpoCicTBO c onTMHecKMM 



flMCKOM, Mcnonb3yeMoe KaK ycTpoficTBO 3anMCM 

MHCpOpMai^MM. YcTpoClCTBO C OnTMHeCKMM flMCKOM 

Mcnonb3yeTCfl flna 3anMCM flaHHbix 

(MHCpOpMaL(MM) MflM B0CnpOM3BefleHM5) flaHHblX 3a 

cMeT HanpaBneHMn Ha onTMHecKMM amck 1 
(DVD-RAM), Mcnonb3yeMbiM b lOMecTBe cpeflbi 
fljw 3anMcn, cxoflRinerocfl CBeraBoro nyMKa. 

HanpMMep, amck 1 npeflCTaBJweT co6o£i amck 

C B03MO>KHOCTblO nepe3aHMCM M M3MeHfleMOM 

cpa30M, KOTopbiM CKOHCTpy m poBaH nyTeM 
cpopMMpoBaHMfl cnofl MeTanriMMecKoro noKpbiTMfl 
Tennypa mjim BMCMyTa TopoMAanbHoCi cpopMbi Ha 
noBepxHOCTM ochobhom nnaTbi, KOTopan 
ccpopMMpoBaHa M3 CTeicna mjim nnacTMKa KpymoM 

cpopMbi, Ha KOTOpOM flaHHbie 3anMCblBaiOTCn M 

3anMcaHHbie flaHHbie BocnpoM3B0A^Tcn 3a cneT 

MCnonb30BaHMfl K3K KOHL^eHTpMHeCKMX, T3K M 
CHMpajIbHblX 6op03flOK M KOHTaKTHblX nnoiAaflOK 
m Ha kotopom sneMeHTapHbie rpynnbi flaHHbix 
aflpeca 3anMCbiBai0TCj) na 3aAaHHbix MHTepBanax 
npM Mcnonb30BaHMM MeTOK 3anMCM Ha aTanoHHofi 



3 CpMr. 2 M 3, OnTMHeCKMM 

amck 1 MMeeT o6nacTb BBOAa 2, o6nacTb flaHHbix 
3 m o6xiacTb BbiBOfla 4. 

06nacTb BBOfla 2 MMeeT 30Hy 
LUTaMnoBaHHbix flaHHbix 5, ccpopMMpoBaHHyio 
Aopo>KeK, M 30Hy A3HHblX c 
o nepe3anMCM 6, ccpopMMpoBaHHyio 
a flopo>KeK. B 30He ujTaMnoBaHHbix 
flaHHbix 5 onopHbiM CMman m ynpaBrimoiflMe 
flaHHbie 3anMCbiBaioTcq 3a BpeMn o6pa6oTKM. 
3ona flaHHbix c BO3Mo>KH0CTbio nepe3anMCM 6 

CCpOpMMpOBaHa 3a CHeT 30Hbl 3aii(MTHOM 
flODO>KKM, 30Hbl npOBepKM flMCKa, 30Hbl npOBepKM 

ynpaB/ieHMH, 30Hbi flaHHbix MfleHTMCpMKai^MM 
AMCKa n 30Hbi ynpaBneHMfi 3aMeHOM 6a, 
Mcnonb3yeMOM KaK o6nacTb ynpaBneHMa 



OSnacTb AaHHbix 3 ccpopMMpoBaHa 

MHTOKeCTBOM 30H, HanpMMep, 24 30Hbl 3a, 
3X, KOTOpbie C0OpMMpOBaHbl MHTOKeCTBOM 

Aopo>KeK, pacnonoweHHbix b paflManbHOM 
HanpaBneHMM . 

06nacTb BbiBOfla 4 npeflCTaBnneT co6om 
30Hy flaHHbix c B03MO>KHOCTbio nepe3anMCM, 

KOTOpafl CCpOpMMpOBaHa MHOJKeCTBOM AopoKeK, 
n0A06H0 30He flaHHbix C B03MO>KHOCTblO 

nepe3anMCM 6, m b Hefi MoryT 6biTb 3anMcaHbi 
TaKMe »e AaHHbie, KaK m coAepwMMoe 3anMCM 

30Hbl flaHHblX 6. 

KaK noKa3aHO Ha cpMr. 3, onTMMecKMM amck 1 
MMeeT 30Hy UjTaMnoBaHHbix flaHHbix 5 m 30Hy 
flaHHbix c B03MO>KHOCTbio nepe3anMCM 6 o6nacTM 
BBOfla 22, 30Hbi 3a, 3x o6nacTM flaHHbix 3 

M 30Hy flaHHblX 06fiaCTM BbiBOfla 4, 

nocneflOBaTenbHO pacnono>KeHHbie b 3tom 
nopsiflKe ot newameM my6oKO BHyTpM MacTM, p,m 
nepenMcneHHbix Bbiuie 30H Mcnonb3yeTcn oamh m 

TOT >Ke CMman CMHXpOHM3al4MM, M CKOpOCTb 

BpameHMfl onTMMecKoro AMCKa 1, m hmctio 

CeKTOpOB OAHOM AOPOWKM HBJWIOTCH 
pa3flMMHblMM B COOTBeTCTByiOli|MX 30H8X. 

B 30Hax 3a 3x o6nacTM AaHHbix 3 

CKOpOCTb BpaifleHMH CTaHOBMTCH HMJKe M MMCflO 

ceiaopoB oAHofi A°po>KKM CTaHOBMTca Sonbuje 
Ann 30Hbi, ne>KaiJL(eM Ha BonbLueM paccTosiHMM ot 
jiewaifleR rnyooKo BHyTpM nacTM onTMMecKoro 

CoOTHOUUeHMe Me>KAy AaHHbIMM CKOpOCTM K3K 
CKOpOCTM BpaifleHMfl M MMCHOM CeKTODOB flnfl 

ynoM^HyTbix Bbiiue 3oh 3a 3x, 4, 5, 6 

3anMCbiBaeTca b Ta6nML(e 10a naMHTM 10, KaK 



3 



KaK noKa3aHO Ha cpMr. 2 m 3, Ha flopo>KKax 



7J 
C 



30H 3a 3x o6nac™ flaHHbix 3 

aneMeHTapHbie rpynnbi flaHHbix npeflBapHTenbHO 
3anncbiBaraTcsi b eflUHMLiy flaHHbix 6noKa ECC 
(rafla c ncnpaBneHneM oujh6ok) (HanpuMep, b 
eflMHkmy M3 38688 GamoB), KOTopaa 
o6pa6aTbiBaeTCfl KaK eflMHUi^a 3anucn flaHHbix. 

ECC-6noK o6pa3yeTcn 16 ceiaopaMH, b 
kotopnx 3anucbiBaioTcn 2-Knno6afiTHbie flaHHbie, 
n, KaK noKa3aHo Ha cpur. 5, Ka>KflbiR M3 

CeKTOpOB ID (flaHHblX MfleHTM(pMKaqMM) OT 1 flO 

16 ceiaopa ID 4-6awTHoR (32-6mtobo&) 
KOHCpurypai^nM, ncnonb3yeMbix KaK flaHHbie 
aflpeca, npacoeflHHfleTCfl k rnaBHbiM flaHHbiM 

(flaHHbIM CeKTOpa) BMeCTe C KOflOM c 

McnpaBneHUGM olum6ok (I ED: ID koa c 
oSHapyweHiieM oujm6ok) 2-6aMTHofi 
KOHCpurypaLiMM b KawflOM ceiaope, m 
3anncbiBai0Tcsi nonepeHHbie ECCs (KOflbi c 
ncnpaBJieHneM oujm6ok) 1 n npoflonbHbie ECCs 
2, ncnonb3yeivibie KaK KOflbi c ncnpaBneHneM 

OWH60K flJTO flaHHblX BOCnpOM3BefleHMB, 

3anncaHHbix b ECC-6noKax. ECCs 1 m 2 
npeflCTaBjisTOT co6ofi KOflbi c McnpaBneHMeM 
owh6ok, npucoeflUHeHHbie k flaHHbiM KaK 
pe3epBHbie cnoBa flnn npeflOTBpau^eHMH 
CMTyauuM, Korfla flaHHbie flenaioTCH 
HeBoonpon3BOflMMbiMM 3a CMeT flecpeiaa 
onTMMecKoro flMCKa 1 . 

flna 3aMeHbi ncnonb3yeTCH 3aflaHHoe 

KOJIMHeCTBO ECC-6flOKOB CpeflU MHO)KeCTBa 

ECC-6noKOB 30H 3a, .... 3x o6nac™ flaHHbix 3. 

KaxtflbiR H3 ceiaopoB cpopMnpyeTcn 3a cneT 
flaHHbix o6teMOM 172 6aflTa Ha 12 pflflOB (172 x 
12), nonepeMHbiM ECC 1 10-6aPiTHOM 
KOHCpn ry paL|M m npucoeflUHneica k Ka>KflOMy pnfly 
m npoflonbHbiPi ECC 2 182-6aflTHOM 
KOHCpn ry paL|M m oflHoro pafla npncoeflMHaeTcfl k 
Ka>KflOMy ceicropy. 

Korfla ECC-6noK 3anncbiBaeTCfl Ha 

OnTHHeCKKW flMCK 1, KOflbi CMHXpOHM3at^MM (2 

6aMTa: 32 6nTa KaHana) flnn flocTkiweHHfl 
cnHxpoHH3aL(HM no 6a^TaM, Korfla 
Bocnpon3BOflflTcs flaHHbie, npwcoeflWHHioTCfl flnn 
Kawfloro 3aflaHHoro KontmecTBa flaHHbix (npn 
3aflaHHbix MHTepBa/iax flnnHbi flaHHbix, 
Hanpniuiep, flna Kawfloro 91 6a(<Ta: Ka>Kflbifl 1456 
6mtob KaHana) Kawfloro ceiaopa, KaK noKa3aHo 
Ha (pur. 6. 

KaK noKa3aHO Ha (pur. 7, KawAbifi ceiaop 
cpopMkipyeTca M3 26 6jiokob flaHHbix ot HyjieBoro 
6noKa flo 25-ro 6noKa, n koa CMHxpoHM3aLinn 

(KOfl CMHXpOHH3aLiMM 6jlOKa), npHCOeflHHeHHblfi K 

Ka>KflOMy 6noKy, tpopMnpyeTca 3a chot 
3aflaHHoro KOfla (1 6am: 16 6mtob KaHana) m 
o6mero KOfla (1 6av\r. 16 6htob KaHana), 

KOTOpblM 5TO/WeTCfl 06lHMM flnfl Ka>Kfloro 6j10Ka 
flaHHblX. 

T. e., KaK noKa3aHo Ha (pur. 7, HyneBofl 
6hok flaHHbix npeflcTasneH SYO, BTopofi, 
flecflTbifl m BooeMHafluiaTbiii 6noKM 
npeflCTaBneHbi SY1, MeTBepTbiCi, ABeHaflLiaTbiw m 
flBaflqaTbifi 6noKM npeflCTaBneHbi SY2, uiecTovi, 

MeTbipHaflL(aTblM M flBafll^Tb BTOpoii 6/10KM 

npeflCTaBneHbi SY3, BocbMoft, LuecTHaflLiaTbiCi h 
ABaflLtaTb neTBepTbiCt 6noKM npeflCTaBneHbi SY4, 
nepBbifi, TpeTnii, nsiTbiw, ceflbMofi vi fleBHTbifl 
6noKM npeflCTaBneHbi SY5, 0flHHHaflL(aTbiPi, 
TpnHaflL(aTbiCi, nflTHaflLiaTbiti m ceMHafli(aTbiB 
6hokm npeflCTaBneHbi SY6, m fleBflTHaflqaTbiti, 
flBaflLiaTb nepBbifl, flBafli<aTb TpeinCi m flBaflLjaTb 
nflTbifi 6noKM npeflCTaBneHbi SY7. 

KaK noKa3aHo Ha (pur. 2, Ha flopo>KKax 30H 

3a 3x o6nacTM flaHHbix 3 nacTM 3aroflOBKa 

(none aflpeca) 11 b kotopom 

peca m TOMy noflo6Hoe, 



npeflBapHTenbHO cpopMaTnpyioTcsi rrh 
cooTBeTCTByioinMX ceiaopoB. 

4acTb 3aronoBKa 1 1 cpopwinpyeTcn 3a BpeMfl 
(popMnpoBaHna 6opo3flOK. KaK noKa3ano Ha cpur. 
8, nacTb 3aronoBKa 11 cpopMKipyeTca H3 
MHO>KecTBa BbieMOK 12 m npeflBapHTenbHO 
OTCpopMaTupoBaHa flna 6opo3flOK 13, w i^eHTp 

rpaHHL(a Me>Kfly 6opo3flKotf 13 m KOHTaKTHoii 
nnoiflaflKoCi 14. 

KaK noKa3aHO Ha (pur. 8, qenoMKa BbiewioK 
ID1 o6pa3yeT nacTb 3aronoBKa 6opo3flKM 1, 
t4eno4Ka BbieMOK ID2 o6pa3yeT nacTb 3aronoBKa 
KOHTaKTHOM nnoinaflKH 1, L<enoMKa BbieMOK ID3 
o6pa3yeT nacTb 3aronoBKa 6opo3flKM 2, LjenoMKa 
BbieMOK ID4 o6pa3yeT nacTb 3aronoBKa 
S nnoiflaflKM 2, L^enoMKa BbieMOK ID5 
b 3aronoBKa 6opo3flKM 3, h 
LienoMKa BbieMOK ID6 o6pa3yeT HacTb 3aronoBKa 
KOHTaKTHoC^ nnoiflaflKM 3. 

TaKMM o6pa30M, nacTH 3aronoBKa flnn 
6opo3flOK m 4acTH 3aronoBKa flnn KOHTaKTHbix 
nnomaflOK pacnono>KeHbi npoTMBononowHbiM 
o6pa30M no OTHOujeHMio flpyr k npyry (b 
KacKaflHoCi cpopiuie). 

OopwiaT flnn Ka>Kfloro ceicropa noKa3aH Ha 
(pur. 9. 

Ha (pur. 9 oamh ceiaop o6pa30BaH 2697 
6aiiTaMM m c<popMnpoBaH 3a cneT nona 
3aronoBKa us 123 6aCiTOB (cooTBeTCTBycii^ero 
Mac™ 3aronoBKa 11), nona c OTpa>KeHneM 17 m 
2 6aPiTOB m nonfl 3anncn 18 m 2567 6aCiTOB. 

EMTbi KaHanoB, 3anncaHHbie b ynoMHHyTOM 
Bbiiue ceiaope, cpopMiipyioTCH b cpopMaTe, 
nonyHeHHOM 3a c>neT nepeKOflnpoBKM 8-6nT0Bbix 
flaHHbix 16-6nTOBbie 6nTbi KaHana nyTeM 
ocyinecTBneHMfl 8-16 koaobom MOflynnLiiw. 

flone 3aronoBKa 11 npeflCTaBnneT co6om 
oBnacTb, b kotopom 3aflaHHbie flaHHbie 
3anncbiBai0TCfl 3a BpeMfi o6pa6oTKi 
flncKa 1. none 3aronoBKa 11 o6pa30BaHO n 
nonewi 3aronoBKa 2, n 



nonn 

a 4 cpopMMpyeTca 
3a cneT 46 6aRTOB vim 18 6a£iTOB m BioiKwaeT 
nepecTpaHBaeMbiM reHeparap (VFO) c nacTbio 
36-6aflTOBoro vim 8-6a«TOBoro KOfla 
cMHxpoHM3ai^HM, 3-6aMTOByio MeTKy aflpeca (AM), 

4-6aMTOBblil MfleHTMCpMKaTOp n03HL|MH (PID) C 

MacTbio aflpeca, 2-6afiTOBbiii koa c 
McnpaBneHHeM ouum6ok I ED (ID koa c 
McnpaBneHHeM ohimdok) ia 1-6aiiT0Bbiii 
3aBepiuaiomMii HfleHTMCpMKaTop PA 

(WfleHTMCpMKaTOpbl). 

Ka>Kfloe M3 noneR 3aronoBKa 1 m 3 BKnKwaeT 
nepecTpaMBaeMbiii reHepaTop (VF01) c nacTbio 
36-6afiTOBoro KOfla cnHxpoHH3aL(MM, vi Ka>Kfloe M3 
nonefi 3aronoBKa 2 m 4 BKnranaeT 
nepecTpaMBaeMbiii reHepaTop (VF02) c MacTbio 
8-6aCiT0Boro KOfla CMHxpoHM3aL(Mti. 

nepecTpaHBaeMbie reHepaTopw VF01, VF02 
ABnnioTca o6nacTAMM, ncnonb3yeMbiMM flnsi 
ocyii|ecTBneHna BxowfleHMa b cmhxpohm3m 
cxeMbi cpa30BoPi cnHxpoHM3aL|MM, reHepaTop 
nepecTpaMBaeivioCi HacTOTbi VF01 c MacTbio KOfla 
cwHxpoHM3amiM cpopMMpyeTC« 3a cneT 3anncn 
nocneflOBaTenbHbix aneMeHTapHbix rpynn 
flaHHbix "010..." b 6nTbi KaHanoB no "36" 
6aRTOB (576 6mtob b TepMHHax 6htob KaHana) 
<npn 3anncn KapTMH c 3aflaHHbiMH MHTepBanaMM), 
m reHepaTop nepecTpawBaeMofi MacTOTbi VF02 c 
MacTbio KOfla cnHxpoHM3ai;MM cpopMkipyeTcn 3a 
cneT 3anncn nocneflOBaTenbHbix aneiweHTapHbix 
rpynn flaHHbix "010..." b 6nTbi KaHanoB no "8" 



=) 

OH 



6aiiTOB (128 6htob b TepMMHax 6mtob KaHana). 

MeTKa aflpeca AM npeflcraBraeT co6o£i KOfl 
cnHxpoHH3aLiun n3 "3" 6aMTOB, noKa3biBaioLJ4HM 
nosMt^MK), Ha KOTopofi HaHMHaeTCfl aflpec 
ceicropa. B KawecTBe KOMSwHaLjMM Ka>Kfloro 6aCiTa 
MeTKM aflpeca AM nononb3yeTcn cneqManbHan 
KOM6nHaLinsi, KOTopasi He noflBnaeTcn b HacTM 
flaHHbix "0100100000000100". 

Mac™ aflpeca ot PDI1 flo PDI4 HBnaioTCfl 
o6nacraMM, b KOTopbix aflpeca ceiaopa 
(coflep>KaiflMe ID Howiepa) 3anncbiBai0TCfl KaK 
4-6aMTOBaa aflpecHan MHcpopMaL(Msi. Aflpec 
CeKTOpa HBfWeTCfl HOMepoM cpM3MHecKoro 
ceiaopa KaK <pM3M4ecKMfl aflpec, noKa3btBaioLHMM 

CpM3HMeCKyK3 n03ML|MK> Ha flopcwKKe, M, 

cneflOBaieribHO, HOMep cpn3imecKoro ceiaopa 
3anncbiBaeTCfi Ha STanoHHoii cTaflnn, n 
HeB03MO>KHo nepenMcaTb to we caMoe. 

HoMep ID ecTb "1" b cny^aeT PID1, 
HanpuMep, n sto HOMep, noKa3biBaramnii HOMep 
fleMCTBMd cpeflu MeTbipex fleMCTBMM, 3a c«HeT 
KOTopbix MacTb aflpeca nepenncbiBaeica b oflHotf 
qacTM 3aronoBKa 11. 

Kofl c o6Hapy>KeHMeM owm6ok I ED 
npeflCTaBnaeT co6om KOfl c o6Hapy>KeHMeM 
oujm6ok fl/w aflpeca ceiaopa (coflepwaiflero 
Howiep ID) ia MO>KeT 6biTb ncnonb30BaH fl/in 
o6Hapy>KeHMH npncyTCTBua mjim OTcyTCTBMa 
owm6km b HfleHTMCpMKaTope no3nmin 



3aBepiuaioiflMM MfleHTMCpMKaTop PA 
COflepWMT OCHOBHyK) MHcpopiuiaqiiio, 

Heo6xoflMMyio ana fleMOflynfliiMM, n wrpaeT ponb 
HacTpoMKH flnn nonnpHocTM TaK, mto 3acTaBnaeT 
MacTb 3aronoBKa 11 3aKaHHHBaTbca b 
npoMe>KyTKe. 

none c oTpaKeHneM 17 Mcnonb3yeTca flnn 
KOMneHcai^nn CMemeHMfl flim cumana oujm6km 
TpeKMHra, ynpaBfieHMn bo BpeMeHU CMmanoM m 
nepemiioHeHMfl KOHTaKTHaa nnoiflaflKa/6opo3flKa 
m TOMy noflooHoro. 

none 3anncn 18 cpopMMpyeTca 3a cneT nana 
npoMe>KyTKa pa3MepoM ot 10 flo 26 6afiTOB, 
nojw 3ainnTbi 1 pa3MepoM ot 20 flo 26 6aftToa, 
nona VF03 M3 35 6aiiTOB, noxin cnHxpoHHoro 
KOfla BocnpoM3BefleHMSi (PS) m 3 6aCfroB, nona 
JO flaHHbix M3 2418 6aRTOB, KOHe^Horo nonn 3anncn 
3 (PA3) M3 oflHoro 6afiTa, nonn 3aiflMTbi 2 
C pa3iwepoM ot 48 flo 55 6afiTOB m nona 6ycpepa 
pa3MepoM ot 9 flo 25 GafiTOB. 

none npoivie>KyTKa npeflCTaBnaeT co6o(i 
IO o6nacTb, b KOTopoB Hwnero He 3anncbiBaeTCH. 

none 3auiMTbi 1 npeflCTaBnneT co6om 
o6nacTb, co3flaBaeMyro flna npeflOTBpaifleHMfl 
yxyfluieHMfl KaMecTBa KOHeMHoR 3anncn, 
npucyiflero 3anwcbiBaioLfleH cpefle c <pa30BbiMM 
^ M3MeHeHMflMH, npoMcxoflniflero 3a BpewiH 

noBTopnioifle^cfl 3anncn M3-3a nio6oro flaHHoro 
B03fleficTBmi no OTHomeHMio k oSnacTH VF0 3. 

none VF0 3 npeflCTaanaeT co6oft o6nacTb 
Ann CMHxpoHH3aMMM cxeMbi cpa30Bofi 
O) CMHxpoHM3aqnii (PLL) m Taione McnonbayeTca ana 
BdaBKM KOfla CMHxpoHM3amw s Ty >Ke caMyw 

KOHCpMrypamiK) M flOCTHWeHMSl CMHXpOHM3aqMM 

rpaHML|bi 6aCiTOB. 
O none KOfla npeflBapnTenbHoi* 

l^j CMHxpoHM3aL(MH (PS) npeflCTaBnfleT co6om 

o6nacTb cnHxpoHM3aL(MH flnn cba3m c noneM 

flaHHblX. 

none flaHHbix npeflCTaBnneT co6o« o6nacTb, 
ccpopMnpoBaHHyio M3 flaHHblX ID, KOfla c 
ncnpaBneHneM olum6ok IED flaHHbix ID (KOfla c 
o6Hapy>KeHi4eM ouimook flaHHbix ID), KOfla 
cnHxpoHH3ai^MM, ECC (KOfla c McnpasneHneM 
ouim6ok), EDC (KOfla c o6HapyweHueM oujm6ok), 



flaHHbix nonb30BaTena m TOMy noflo6Horo. 
flaHHbie ID BKnioMaioT ceiaopbi ot ID1 flo ID16 
4-6a«TOBoPi KOHCpurypaunn (32 6nTa KaHana) 
Ka)Kfloro ceiaopa. Kofl c McnpaBneHneM oium6ok 
IED flaHHbix ID npeflCTaBnneT co6om koa c 
McnpaBneHMeM oujh6ok 2-6aC^TOBoii 
KOHcpurypamin (16 6mtob) flna flaHHbix ID. 

Ceiaopbi ID (ot 1 flo 16) cpopMHpyiOTcn 3a 
cneT oflHo6aiiTOBoCi (8 6mtobom) HHC^opMaqnn 
ceiaopa n 3-6a^TOBoro HOMepa ceiaopa (HOMepa 
nornHecKoro ceiaopa KaK nonmecKoro aflpeca, 
noKasbiBaroiflero norMHecKyio no3tmnK> Ha 
flopoKKe). HHCpopMaqnn ceiaopa cpopMnpyeTcn 
3a cneT oflHo6nTOBoro nonn Tuna cpopMaTa 
ceiaopa, oflHo6nTOBoro nonn cnoco6a TpeKMHra, 
oflHo6nTOBoro nonn c oTpa>KaTenbHoii 
cnoco6HOCTbio, oaho6mtoboi-o pe3epBHoro nonn, 
flByx6MTOBoro nona Tuna oSnacTH, 
oflHo6nTOBoro nonsi Tuna flaHHbix m 
oflHo6nTOBoro nonn HOMepa cnoa. 

HoMep nornHecKoro ceiaopa flenaeTcn 
OTnuHHbiM ot HOMepa 4>kt3HHecKoro ceiaopa 3a 
CMeT ^po^ecca 3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBura, KaK 6yfleT 
onncaHo no3flHee. 

Korfla qwcppa "1" 3anncbiBaeTcn b none Tuna 
(popMaTa ceiaopa, OHa noKa3biBaeT tmh 
cpopMaTa 30Hbi. Korfla qncppa "1" 3anncbiBaeTcn 
b none cnoco6a TpeKHHra, ona noKa3biBaeT 
TpeKMHr 6opo3flKM. Korfla i^ncppa "1" 
sanncbiBaeTcsi b none c OTpa>KaTenbHoCi 
CnOC06HOCTbK5, OHa noKa3biBaeT, hto 
OTpa>KaTenbHasi cnoco6HOCTb 6onbiue MeM 40%. 
Korfla b none Tkina o6nacTM 3anncbiBaioTCfl 
L|ncppbi "00", ohh noKa3biBaioT o6nacTb flaHHbix, 
Korfla 3anncbiBaioTcji qncppbi "01", ohm 
noKa3biBaioT oSnacTb BBOfla, Korfla 

3anMCblBaK3TCfl L(MCppbl "10", OHM nOKa3blBaiOT 

oSnacTb BbiBOfla, m Korfla 3anMCbiBaioTC« qMcppbi 
"11", ohm noKa3biBaioT "pe3epB". Korfla LiMcppa 
lone TMna flaHHbix, OHa 



m Korfla 3anMCbiBaeTca ^MCppa 
noKa3biBaeT 3anMCb flaHHbix c 
nepe3anMcn. Korfla i^cppa "0" 3anMCbiBaeTcn b 
none HOMepa cnoa, OHa noKa3biBaeT "cnoM 0". 

KoHeHHoe none 3anMCM 3 npeflCTaBnneT 
co6om o6nacTb, coflep>Kaiflyio MHCpopMai4MK) o 
coctohhmm, Heo6xoflMMyio flna fleMoflynsmMM m 
yKa3aHMa OKOHMaHna nocneflHero 6afiTa 
npeflwecTByioiflero nonn flaHHbix. 

none 3aii(MTbi 2 npeflCTaBnneT co6om 
o6nacTb, co3flaHHyio flna npeflOTBpaifleHMa 
yxyfliueHMfl KanecTBa koh6mhom 3anMCM, 
npMcyiflero 3anMCbiBaioLLieM cpefle c cpa30BbiMM 
M3MeHeHMRMM, npoMcxoflstflero 3a BpeMn 
noBTopaioifleMCH sanMCM M3-3a nioSoro flaHHoro 
B03fleMCTBMfl no oTHoiueHMio k nonio flaHHblX. 

none 6ycpepa npeflCTaBnneT co6om o6nacTb, 
co3flaHHyio flnn nornoifleHMfl cpnyiayai;MM bo 
BpaiflaTenbHOM flBM>KeHMM aneiapoflBMraTenw, 

KOTOpblM BpamaeT OnTMMeCKMM flMCK 1 TaKMM 

o6pa30M, MTo6bi npeflOTBpaTMTb paciiJMpeHMe 
nonn flaHHbix Ha cneflyroiflyio MacTb 3aronoBKa 
11. 

npMMMHOM, no KOTopoii none npoMewyTKa 
MMeeT pa3Mep ot 10 flo 26 6aCiTOB, ABnaeTca 
HanMHMe bo3mo>khoctm ocyiflecTBneHMn 
onepaL(MM npoM3BonbHoro cflBMra. Onepai^a 
npoM3BonbHoro cflBura 3aKnioMaeTCfl b tom, 
qTo6bi cflBMHyTb HananbHyio no3ML^Mio flaHHbix, 
KOTopbie 3anMCbiBaioTcn TaKMM o6pa30M, mto6m 
yMeHbiuMTb yxyflmeHMe KaMecTBa b 
3anMCbiBaioifleM cpefle c cpa30BbiMM 
M3MeHeHMflMM M3-3a noBTopflioifleMCfl onepai^MM 
3anMcn. flnMHa npoM3BonbHoro CflBMra 



3 



nofl6npaeTca b cootbstctbum c flnnHofi nonsi 
6ycpepa, pacnonoweHHoro b nocneflHeii nacTM 
nons flaHHbix, m no/iHaa fl/iMHa oahoto ceiaopa 
2697 6afiTOB 



7) 
C 



B COOTBeTCTByiOlUHX 30Hax 

o6nac™ flaHHbix 3 co3flatoTca 
ceiaopbi n Ka>KflbiM M3 hux Mcnonb3yeTCH K3K 
KOHeMHbiR pe3epB, Korfla b tom me caMOM 30He 
ocymecTBnaeTcsi npoL(ecc 3aMeHbi nyTeM oflBura 
(anropHTM 3awieHbi nyTeM cflBura) b eflMHMLiax 
oflHoro ceiaopa. 

KaK noKa3aHo Ha cpur. 10, b o6nao™ 
ynpaBneHun 3aMeHOM 6a sohw flaHHbix c 
B03MO>KHOCTbio nepe3anncM 6 flonrceH 6biTb 
3anncaH cnncoK nepsn^Hbix flecpeKTOB (PDL) 15 

M CnHCOK BTOpMMHblX flecpeKTOB (SDL) 16. 

CnncoK nepBMMHbix flecpeKTOB (PDL) 15 
npeflCTaBnneT co6om ctimcok HowiepoB 
cpMSMHecKoro ceiaopa (cpM3MMecKMX aflpecoB) 
ceiaopoB, KOTopbie onpeflennioTCfl KaK 
flecpeKTHbie 3a BpeMH o6pa6oTKM wm 3a 
HananbHoe BpeMH, TaKoe KaK BpeMH 3anycKa 
npuKnaflHof^ 3aflaMM. HoMepa ceKTopoB 

nOKa3blBaK>T CeKTOpbl, B KOTOpblX 

ocymecTBnaeTcn npoL|ecc 3aMeHbi (anropnTM 
3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBura) 3a cneT npoijecca cflBiira 
b eflMHML(ax OflHoro ceiaopa. 

B cnncKe nepBMHHbix flecpeKTOB 15 
sanncbiBaioTCfi flaHHbie nfleHTucpMKaqnn cnncKa 
nepBM4Hbix flecpeKTOB, HOMep aflpecos KaK 
HOMep flecpeKTOB m HOMepa cpM3M4ecKoro 
ceiaopa, noKa3biBaK)U4ne flecpeKTHbie ceiaopbi. 

CnncoK BTopuHHbix flecpeKTOB (SDL) 16 
npeflCTaB/weT co6om ctimcok ajw ECC-6noKOB 
(flecpeKTHbix 6tiokob), MMeiotnnx ceiaopbi, 
KOTopbie onpeflennioTcn KaK flecpeKTHbie 3a 
BpeMH 3anncn, MHoe, MeM onucaHHoe Bbiuie 
HaManbHoe BpeMH, T.e. oh npeflCTaBnneT coBoPt 
ctimcok HOMepoB cpn3MMecKMX ceiaopoB 
(cpM3MHecKnx aflpecoB) nepBoro win ronoBHoro 
ceiaopoB ECC-6noKOB (flecpeKTHbix 6jiokob), 
MMeiomux ceiaopbi, KOTopbie onpeflenflK)TC?i KaK 
flecpeKTHbie, Korfla flaHHbie sanMCbiBaioTcn flnfl 
3aflaHHbix ECC-6roKOB n HOMepoB cpM3kmecKoro 
ceiaopa (cpM3MMecKnx aflpecoB) nepBbix 
ceKTopoB ECC-6noKOB (6jiokob 3aMeHbi: 6noKOB 
pe3epBa), KOTopbie ncnonb3yioTCfl flnn 3aMeHbi 
flecpeKTHbix 6noKOB. 

B CnMCKe BTOpMHHblX flecpeKTOB 

3anncbiBaioTCfl flaHHbie MfleHTMCpuKat^nn cnncKa 

BTOpMHHblX flecpeKTOB, HOMep BBefleHHblX 

flaHHbix KaK HOMep flecpeKTOB, HOMepa 
cpM3vwecKoro ceiaopa, noKa3biBaiomwe nepBbie 
ceiaopbi KaK aflpeca flecpeKTHbix 6jiokob, m 
HOMepa cpn3MMecKoro ceiaopa, noKa3biBaiomne 
nepBbie ceiaopbi KaK aflpeca 6noKOB 3aMeHbi Ana 
flecpeKTHbix 6jiokob. Aflpeca flecpeKTHbix 6noKOB 
m aflpeca 6jiokob 3aMeHbi fln« flecpeKTHbix 
6noKOB 3anncbiBai0TC5) bo 

B3aMMHO-OflH03Ha4HOM COOTBeTCTBMM. 

B ycTpoRcTBe c onTMHecKMM flMCKOM cpur. 1 

OnTHM©CKHM flMCK BpamaeTCH C pa3nMMHblMH 
CKOpOCTflMM BpalHeHMfl B COOTBeTCTByiOU^HX 

30Hax, HanpuMep, no OTHomeHMio k 
aneiapoflBuraTexiio 23. 3neiapoflBMraTenb 23 
ynpaBJineTCfl c noMomwo cxeMbi ynpaBneHna 
aneiapoflBuraTenn 24. 

3anncb flaHHbix Ha onTiwecKkitf ahck 1 nnn 
BocnpoM3BefleHkie flaHHbix, 3anncaHHbix Ha 
OnTMMeCKMM flMCK 1 , ocymecTBnHeTca c noMomwo 
onTHMecKOM ronoBKM 25. OnTMMecKan ronoBKa 25 
cpuKcupoBaHa Ha ynpaBjiRKH^eii KaTytuKe 27, 
cocTaBnaioiflefi noflBMWHyro naorb nMHefiHoro 
sneiapoflBuraTenn 26, m ynpaBnaramafi KaTyujKa 



27 CBfl3aHa co cxeMofi ynpaB/ieHkin nMHePiHbiM 
3/ieiapoflBnraTejieM 28. 

fleTeKTOp CKOpOCTH 29 CBH3aH co cxeMoti 

ynpaBJieHkin nnHePinbiM 3jieiapoflBMraTeneM 28, 
m cuman ckopoctm onTunecKoCi ronoBKM 25 
nepeflaeTca Ha cxeMy ynpaBneHMfl nnHeiiHbiM 
aneiapoflBuraTejieM 28. 

riocTOfiHHbiki MamHT (He noKa3aH) 
pacnonaraeTCH Ha cpuKcupoBaHHoii nacTM 
riMHeCiHoro aneiapoflBMraTensi 26, m Korfla 
ynpaBuniomaH KaTyuiKa 27 B036y>KflaeTCH 
cxeMoR ynpaBneHMH nnHefiHbiM 
sneiapoflBuraTeneM 28, onTMHecKan ronoBKa 25 
ABM>KeTC5i b paflwanbHOM HanpaBneHMM 
onTiwecKoro flMCKa 1. 

OS-beKTMB 30 ncnonb3yeTCH b onTMMecKOM 
ronoBKe 25 3a C4eT npnMeHeHMfl npoBonoKM unn 
nnocKOki npy>KMHbi (He noKa3aHa), m o6-beiaMB 30 
MOJKeT flBuraTbcn b HanpaBneHnn cpoicycupoBKM 
(b HanpaBneHUM onTMMecKOM ocu nnH3bi) c 
noMoi^bio ynpaBnnioiflePi KaTyuiKM 31 n 
flBMraTbca B HanpaBneHMM TpeKMHra (b 
HanpaBneHMM, nepneHflMKynsipHOM onTMHecKOM 
ocm nnH3bi) c noMoi^bio ynpaBJWioi^eM KaTyujKM 
32. 

nonynpoBOflHMKOBbiM na3ep 39 ynpaBnaeTcn 
c noMombio cxeMbi ynpaBneHMfi na3epoM 33 flnn 
reHepaL|MM na3epHoro M3fiyHeHMfl. CxeMa 
ynpaBJieHMfl na3epoM 33 KoppeKTMpyeT CM/iy 
Tia3epHoro M3nyHeHMSi ot nonynpoBOflHMKOBoro 
na3epa 39 b cooTBeTCTBMM c KOHTponbHbiM 

nOTOKOM OT KOHTpOnbHOTO CpOTOflMOfla PD 

nonynpoBoflHMKOBoro na3epa 39. 

CxeMa ynpaB/ieHMH na3epoM 33 fleiicTByeT b 

CMHXpOHM3Me C CMHXpOCMrHariOM 3anMCM OT 

cxeMbi PLL (He noKa3aHa). CxeMa PLL flenMT 
MacTOTy ocHOBHoro CMHxpocMrHana ot 
reneparapa (He noKa3aH) flnn reHepaL(MM 
cMHxpocMmana 3anMCM. 

Jla3epHoe M3nyMeHMe, reHepMpyeMoe 
nonynpoBOflHMKOBbiM na3epoM 39, 

ynpaBJiaeMbiM c noMoiiibio cxeMbi ynpaB/ieHMft 
na3epoM 33, nonaflaeT Ha onTMHecKMM amck 
Hepe3 KonriMMaTopHyio nMH3y 40, nonynpM3My 41 
m o6T»eKTMB 30, m 0Tpa>KeHHoe ot onTMHecKoro 
flMCKa 1 MsnyneHMe HanpaBnaeTcn Ha 
cpoTOfleTeiaop 44 Mepe3 o6T»eKTMB 30, 
nonynpM3My 41, KOHfleHcopHyio nMH3y 42 m 

l4MJlMHflpM4eCKyiO J1MH3y 43. 

CPoTOfleTeKTOp 44 CCpOpMMpOBaH HeTbipbMfl 

aneMeHTaMM cporofleTeiaopa 44a, 44b, 44c, 44d. 

BbixoflHOM cMman sneMeHTa cpoTOfleTeiaopa 
44a cpoTOfleTeiaopa 44 nepeflaeTcn Ha oamh 
Bxofl cyMMaTopa 46a Mepe3 ycMJiMTenb 45a, 
BbixoflHOM CMman aneMeHTa cpoTOfleTeiaopa 44b 
nepeflaeTca Ha oflMH Bxofl cyMMaTopa 46b nepe3 
ycMnMTerib 45b, BbixoflHOM CMman aneMeHTa 
cpoTOfleTeiaopa 44c nepeflaeTcn Ha flpyrofi Bxofl 
cyMMaTopa 46a Hepe3 ycMnMTerib 45c, BbixoflHOM 
CMman aneMeHTa cpoTOfleTeiaopa 44d 
nepeflaeTcn na flpyroM bxoa cyMMaTopa 46b 
Mepe3 ycunMTenb 45d. 

KpoMe Toro, BbixoAHoPi CMman aneMeHTa 
cpoTOAeTeiaopa 44a cpoTOAeTeiaopa 44 
nepeAaeTca Ha oamh bxoa cyMMaTopa 46c Hepe3 
ycMnMTenb 45a, BbixoAHoK CMman aneMeHTa 
cpoTOAeTeiaopa 44b nepeAaeTCH Ha oamh bxoa 
cyMMaropa 46d Mepe3 ycMnMTenb 45b, BbixoflHOM 
CMman aneMeHTa cpoTOfleTeiaopa 44c 
nepeflaeTca Ha flpyrotf Bxofl cyMMaTopa 46d 
nepe3 ycMnMTenb 45c, BbixoflHOM cwman 
aneMeHTa cpoTOfleTeiaopa 44d nepeflaeTcsi Ha 
Apyroii bxoa cyMMaropa 46c Hepe3 ycMnMTenb 



o 

CD 



45d. 



BbixoAHoii CMman cyMMaTopa 



46a 



nepeAaeTcn Ha MHBep™pyioiAMM bxoa 
AMCpcpepeHL\ManbHoro ycminTena OP2, m 
BbixoflHofi CMman cyMMaTopa 46b nepeaaeTca 
Ha HenHBepTupyroiuuM bxoa 

AMCpcpepeHi^anbHoro ycunnTenn OP2. 
C/ieAOBaTejibHO, AHdxpepeHL(ManbHbiM 
ycM/iMTerib OP2 nepeAaeT cnman (CMman 

OLUM6KH CpOKyCHpOBKH), OTHOCfll±(MMCfl K TOHKe 

cpoKyca, Ha cxeMy ynpaBneHMfi cpoKycupoBKofi 

47, B COOTBeTCTBMM C pa3JlHMMeM E 

cumanoB cyMMaTopoB 46a u 
CMman cxeMbi ynpaBneHMfi cpoKycMpoBKofi 47 
nepeAaeTCH Ha KaTywKy ynpaBneHMfi 

CpOKyCMpOBKOM 31, M MM ynpaBJWKDT T3KMM 

o6pa30M, MTo6bi na3epHoe n3XiyMeHne BcerAa 
6bino tom ho cqtoKycwpoBaHO Ha onTMMecKuCi amck 
1. 

BbixoflHoB onman cyMMaTopa 46o 
nepeAaeTcn Ha MHBepTMpytoinMM bxoa 
AMtpcpepeHi^naribHoro ycMnnTenn OP1, m 
bwxoahom CMman cyMMaTopa 46d nepeAaeTCfi 
Ha HeMHBepTMpyiomM(i bxoa 

AMCpcpepeHUManbHoro ycMnMTena OP1. 
CneAOBaTeiibHO, flMcpcpepeHi^ManbHbiCi 
ycMriMTerib OP1 nepeAaeT CMman olum6km 
TpeKMHra Ha cxeMy ynpaBneHMfi TpeKMHroM 48 b 

COOTBeTCTBMM C pa3f1MHMeM Me>KAy BblXOAHbIMM 

CMmanaMM cyMMaTopoB 46c m 46d. CxeMa 
ynpaBneHMfi TpeKMHroM 48 co3AaeT cumaji 
ynpaBneHMfi TpeKMHroM b COOTBeTCTBMM c 
CMmanoM oujm6km TpeKMHra, nepeAaBaeMbiM ot 
flMqbdpepeHL(ManbHoro ycMnMTenn OP1. 

BbixoAHOM CMman ynpaBneHMfi TpeKMHroM ot 
cxeMbi ynpaBneHMfi TpeKMHroM 48 nepeAaeTCfi 
Ha ynpaBnaiomyio KaTyujKy 32 aha ynpaBneHMfi 
o6"beKTMBOM b HanpaBneHMM TpeKMHra. KpoMe 
Toro, CMman oujm6km TpeKMHra, Mcnonb3yeMbii4 b 
cxeMe ynpaBneHMfi TpeKMHroM 48, nepeAaeTCfi 
Ha cxeMy ynpaBneHMfi nMHeMHbiM 
aneicrpoABMraTeneM 28. 

rionHbiii cyMMapHbifi CMman BbixoAHbix 
CMmanoB aneMeHTOB cpoTOAeTeirropa ot 44a ao 
44d cpoTOAeTeKTopa 44, nonyieHHbiM nocne Toro, 
KaK ocyLqecTBniiioTCfl onepaL(MM TpeKMHra m 
cboKycMpoBKM, T.e. CMman, nonyMeHHbiCt 3a cneT 
cyMMMpoBaHMfl BbixoflHbix CMmanoB cyMMaTopoB 
46c m 46d b cyMMaTope 46e, OTpawaeT 

M3M6H8HM6 B OTpa>KaTenbHOM CnOCo6HOCTM 

BbieMKM (3anMcaHHbix AaHHbix), 

ccpopMMpoBaHHOM Ha A°po>KKe. CMman 
nepeAaeTCfi Ha cxeMy BocnpoM3BeAeHMfi AaHHbix 
38 m 3anMcaHHbie AaHHbie BOcnpoM3BOAfiTCfi b 
cxeMe BocnpoM3BeAeHMH AaHHbix 38. 

flnfi AaHHbix, BocnpoM3BOAMMbix b cxeMe 
BocnpoM3BeAeHMn AaHHbix 38, ocymecTBnfieTCfi 
npoqecc KoppeKLfMM olum6km b cxeMe Koppexi^MM 
oujm6km 52 c noMombio npMcoeAMHneMoro KOfla c 
McnpaBneHMeM olum6ok ECC m nocneAyioLMero 
BbixoAa Ha cxeMy ynpaBneHMfi ( 
Amckom 56, Mcnonb3yeMyK) Ka 
ycTpoPicTBO Mepe3 cxeMy MHTepcpeifca 55. 

KpoMe Toro, b to BpeMfi KaK nepeMeujeHMe 
o6-beKTMsa 30 ocymecTBnneTCfl c noMombw 
cxeMbi ynpaBneHMfi TpeKMHroM 48, cxeMa 
ynpasneHMn nMHeCiHbiM aneicrpoABMraTeneM 28 
ynpaBnaeT nMHeMHbiM aneicrpoABMraTeneM 26 
MnM onTMMecKOM ronoBKOM 25 TaKMM o6pa30M, 
HTo6bi ycTanoBMTb o6i>eKTMB 30 b i^eHTpanbHyio 
MnM 6nM3Kyio k HeCi no3ML(Mio b onTMMecKOM 
ronoBKe 25. 

Ha npeAiiiecTBytomePi ct3amm cxeMbi 
ynpaBneHMfi na3epoM 33 npeAycMaTpMBaeTcn 
cxeMa co3AaHM« AaHHbix 34. CxeMa co3AaHM« 
AaHHbix 34 BKnionaeT cxeMy co3AaHMfi AaHHbix 
6noKa ECC 34a Rnn npeo6pa3oaaHMfi AaHHbix 



apopMaTa 6noKa ECC, Mcnonb3yeMbix KaK 
AaHHbie sanMCM, KaK noKa3aHO Ha cpMr. 5, m 
nepeAaBaeMbix M3 cxeMbi KoppeKi^MM oujm6km 52 
b sanMCb AaHHbix cpopMaTa 6noKa ECC, 
MMewiAMX KOAbi cMHxpoHM3ai4MM 6noKa ECC, 
npMcoeAMHneMbie k hmm, KaK noKa3aHO Ha cpMr. 
6, m cxeMy MOAynauMM 34b Ana MOAynai4MM 
AaHHbix 3anMCM ot cxeMbi co3AaHMfi AaHHbix 
6noKa ECC 34a b COOTBeTCTBMM c CMCTeMOM 
nepeKOAMpoBKM koaob 8-16. 

CxeMe co3AaHMn AaHHbix 34 nepeAaioTca 
AaHHbie 3anMCM, MMeiomMe koa KoppeKi^MM 
oluh6km, npMcoeAMHSieMbiM k hmm c noMoiAbio 
cxeMbi KoppeKL|MM oujm6km 52 M MaKeTHblX 

AaHHblX Anf) npOBepKM OUJm6kM, CMMTblBaeMOM M3 

naMfiTM 10. CxeMe KoppeKqMM olum6km 52 
nepeAaioTCfl AaHHbie 3anMCM c ycTpoficTBa 
ynpaBneHMfi onTMMecKMM ahckom 56, 
Mcnonb3yeMoro KaK BHewnee ycTpoficTBO nepe3 
cxeMy MHTepcpeMca 55 m uJMHy 49. 

CxeMa KoppeKLiMM oljm6km 52 C03AaeT 
AaHHbie cpopMaTa ECC SnoKa, KaK noKa3aHO Ha 
cpMr. 5, 3a cMeT npMcoeAMHeHMH koaob c 
McnpaBneHMeM oujmSok (ECC1, ECC2) pjm 
nonepeMHoro m npoAonbHoro HanpaBneHMM 
aneMeHTapHbix rpynn AaHHbix 3anMCM, KOTopbie 
ycTaHOBneHbi b eAMHMqax oahoto ceiaopa M3 2 
K6aMTOB m BioircweHbi b 32-KMno6aMTHbie AaHHbie 
3anMCM, nepeAaBaeMbie c ycTpoiicTBa 
ynpaBneHMfi onTMHecKMM amckom 56 m 
npMcoeAMHeHMfi IDs ceiaopa (HOMepoB 
norMHecKoro aApeca) k cooTBeTCTByioiAMM 
aneMeHTapHbiM rpynnaM AaHHbix 3anMCM. 

KpoMe Toro, b ycTpoMCTBe c onTMMecKMM 
amckom npeAycMaTpMBaeTca LjMcppoaHanoroBbifi 
(D/A) npeo6pa30BaTenb 51, Mcnonb3yeMbiM ppa 
nepeAaHM MHCpopMaL(MM Me>KAy L(eHTpanbHbiM 
npoL|eccopoM (CPU) 50 nrm ynpaBneHMfi uenotf 

MaCTbKJ yCTpOMCTBa C OnTMHeCKMM AMCKOM M 

cxeMoCi ynpaBneHMfi cpoKycMpoBKO^ 47, cxeMOM 
ynpaBneHMfi TpeKMHroM 48 m cxeMOM ynpaBneHMfi 
nMHeMHbiM aneKTpoABMraTeneM 28. 

CxeMa ynpaBneHMfi aneKTpoABMraTeneM 24, 
cxeMa ynpaBneHMfi nMHeMHbiM 
aneKTpoABMraTeneM 28, cxeMa ynpaBneHMfi 
na3epoM 33, cxeMa BocnpoMSBeAeHMfi AaHHbix 
38, cxeMa ynpaBneHMfi cpoKycMpoBKofi 47, cxeMa 
ynpaBneHMfi TpeKMHroM 48 m cxeMa Koppe^MM 
oujm6km 53 ynpaBnnioTCfi c noMombio 
i4eHTpanbHoro npoijeccopa 50 Hepe3 UJMHy 49, m 
iieHTpanbHbiii npoqeccop 
3aAaHHbie onepaLiMM b 
nporpaMMaMM ynpaBneHMfi, coxpaHeHHbiMM b 
naMfiTM 10. 

llaMfiTb 10 Mcnonb3yeTCfi pjm xpaHeHMfi 
nporpaMM ynpaBneHMfi m AaHHbix. riaMHTb 10 
BicnioHaeT Ta6nM4y 10a, b Korapofi 3anMcaHbi 
aneMeHTapHbie rpynnbi AaHHbix ckopoctm KaK 

ckopoctm BpameHMfi pfls\ 30H 3a 3x m 

HOMep CeKTOpOB A™ Ka>KAOM aopo>kkm, M 
Ta6nML|y 10b, b kotopom sanMcaH cnMCOK 
nepBMHHbix AecpeKTOB (PDL) 15 M cnMCOK 
BTopMMHbix AecpeKTOB (SDL) 16, CMMTblBaeMbie 
M3 o6nacTM ynpaBneHMfi 3aMeHOM 6a 



KaK noKa3aHo Ha cpMr. 1 m 11, AeTeKTop 21 
Ana o6Hapy»eHMfi npMcyTCTBMfi MnM OTcyTCTBMfi 
KacceTbi 20, b KOTopyio npM hm MaeTCfi 
onTMHecKMii auck 1, m AeTeKTop 22 Anfi 

06Hapy>KeHMfl npMCyTCTBMfl MnM OTCyTCTBMfl 

ckbo3hoto oTBepcTMfi 20a KacceTbi 20 
pacnonaraioTCfi HM>Ke onTMMecKoro AMCKa 1. 

KaXCAbIM M3 AeTeKTODOB 21, 22 CKOHCTpyMpOBaH, 

HanpMMep, c noMoiAbio MMKponepeicnioMaTenfi. 
KacceTa 20 cpopMMpyeTCfi TaK, HTo6bi 



o 

CD 



npuHMMaTb onTMMecKMM flMCK 1 , m, ecnw KacceTa 
20 OTKpblTa no KpafiHefi Mepe oflHa>Kflbi (ecnn 
onTMHeciow ahck 1 BbinyT), b KacceTe 
cpopMnpyeTca cKB03Hoe OTBepcTue 20a. 
Cnmanbi ooHapyweHna ot fleTeiaopoB 21, 22 
nepeflawrcfl Ha qeHTpanbHbifi npoijeccop 50 
nepe3 LUMHy 49. 

L4eHTpanbHbiti npo 4 eccop 50 onpeflenneT, 
npucyTCTByeT v\m h©t KacceTa 20 b 
cooTBeTCTBMM c cwrHanoM o6Hapy>KeHMfl ot 
fleTeiaopa 21. Kpowie toto, ecnn onpefleneHO, 
hto KacceTa 20 npucyTCTByeT, qempanbHbifi 
npoL<eccop 50 onpeAenaeT OTKpblTa unu HeT 
KacceTa 20 no KpatiHeCi Mepe OAHa>Kflbi b 
cooTBeTCTBMH c CMmanoM o6napy>KeHna ot 
fleTeiaopa 22. 



cpopMMpyroiUMfl npou;ecc, ocymecTBnaeMbiii 3a 
BpeMa o6pa6oTKH mjw HaManbHoe BpeMa, Tarae 
KaK BpeMa 3anycKa npmcnaAHofi 3aflaHM, 
o5bacHaeTca co ccbi/iKOM Ha 6hok- cxeuiy cpur. 
12. 

npeflnonaran Tenepb, mto onTMMecKMM ahck 1 
3a BpeMa sanycKa npMKnaAHoii 3aflami 3arpy«eH 

B yCTpOMCTBO C OnTMHeCKMM flMCKOM, 

iieHTparibHbiCi npoqeccop 50 onpeAenaeT 
npoMecc 3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBura Ana CMWTbmaHMa 
MaKeTHbix flaHHbix H3 naMATM 10 n ynpaBneHtta 
onepaL|neM 3anncn Ann KaJKAoro ceiaopa 
o6nac™ AaHHbix 3 onTUMecKoro p/acvb 1 3a cneT 
ncnojib30BaHMfl MaKeTHbix AaHHbix (ST1). 

CneAOBaTenbHO, b to BpeMa KaK onTMMecKHfi 
flucK 1 npMBOAMTcn bo BpauieHiie co CKopocTbio 

BpaiHeHMfl, 0TJ1M4H0M A™ KaWAOfi 30Hbl o6nacTM 

AaHHbix 3, cxeMa ynpaBneHwa na3epoM 33 
ynpaBnaeTca c noMombio curHana, nonyMeHHoro 
3a CMeT MOAyna H nn MaKeTHbix AaHHbix m 
BbixoAHoro cumana ot cxeMbi co3AaHna AaHHbix 
34, Ana ynpaB/ieHUfl no/iynpoBOAHUKOBbiM 
na3epoM 39 TaKMM o6pa30M, HTo6bi na3epHoe 
M3nyMeHne, cooTBeTCTByromee 
MOAynnpoBaHHOMy CHmany MaKeTHbix AaHHbix, 
nonaAano Ha onTunecKuCi ahck 1. KaK 
pe3ynbTaT, AaHHbie, cooTBeTCTBywmne 
MOAynnpoBaHHOMy cumany MaKeTHbix AaHHbix, 
3anncbiBaK)TCfl b none AaHHbix Ka>KAoro ceiaopa 

^0 o6nacTM AaHHbix 3 onTMMecKoro AncKa 1 . 

nocne 3Toro, rarAa onepamia 3anncn Ana 

C Kaxfloro ceiaopa oonac™ AaHHbix 3 onTMMecKoro 
flMCKa 1 3aKaHHHBaeTCfl, LjeHTpanbHbiK 
npo 4 eccop ynpaBnaeT CMHTbiBaHkieM MaKeTHbix 

K> AaHHbix Ana Ka>KAoro ceiaopa (ST2). 

CneAOBaTenbHO, b to BpeMa KaK onTOHecKHki 
ahck 1 npuBOAHTcn bo BpameHkie co CKopocTbio 

„. BpameHna, oTnuHHotf Ann Ka>KAoii 30Hbi oSnacTM 
AaHHbix 3, OTpaweHHoe na3epHoe M3ny4eHiie Ha 

ji, ocHOBe M3nyMeHnn na3epa Ana 

Bocnpon3BeAeHnn ot nony npoBOAHM koboto 

"■4 na3epa 39 HanpaBnaeTca Ha cpoTOAeTeiaop 44 

T3KMM 06pa30M, HT06bl HOMep CpM3HMeCKOrO 

ceiaopa, 3anncaHHbi& b Mac™ 3aronoBKa 11 
0) Ka>Kfloro ceiaopa, mtokho 6bino BOcnpon3BecTM c 
noMombio cxeMbi Bocnpon3BeAeHna AaHHbix 38, 
n AaHHbie, 3anncaHHbie b none AaHHbix ceiaopa, 
mo>kho 6bino AeMOAynnpoBaTb m Bocnpon3BecTM. 
O Ha ocHOBe onucaHHoro Bbiuie 

^ Bocnpon3BeAeHM« qeHTpanbHbi^ npo 4 eccop 50 
onpeAenaeT, hto AaHHbie 3anncaHbi tomho b 
cnynae, KorAa HOMep cpM3MHecKoro ceiaopa 
HacTM 3aronoBKa 11 KawAoro ceiaopa MO>KeT 
6biTb tomho Bocnpon3BeAeH, nnn KorAa 
3anncaHHbie MaKeTHbie AaHHbie cpaBHWBaioTca c 

BOCnpOM3B6AeHHblMM AaHHbIMM, M 

onpeAenaeTca, mto KonnnecTBO oujm6ok b 
ceiaope He npeBbiwaeT nepByio 3aAaHHyio 



BennHMHy, m Aanee ^eHTpanbHbli^ npoL(eccop 50 
onpeAenneT nponcxowAeHne nepBMHHoro 
Aecpeiaa (HaHanbHoro A©4>eKTa) M3-3a Toro, mto 
AaHHbie 3anncaHbi HeraMHO, n onpeAenaeT 
Aeqbeia KaK i^enb npoi^ecca 3aMeHbi nyTeM 
CABura b cnynae, KorAa HOMep cpM3HMecKoro 
ceiaopa b MacTH 3aronoBKa 11 He MO>KeT 6biTb 
BocnpoM3BeAeH tomho nnn HOMep ouin6oK b 
ceiaope npeBbiiuaeT nepByio 3aAaHHyra 
BenuMMHy (ST3). 

riepBan 3aAaHHan BenuMMHa onpeAenaeTcn 
TaK, mto HOMep psiAOB, coAep^auiufi, nanpuMep, 
MeTbipe nnn 6onee 6aPiTOB ouim6km b oahom 
ceiaope, HMeiou^eM KOHCpurypaqnio 182 6a«Ta Ha 
13 paAOB, ycTaHOBneH paBHbiM 5 unu 6onee. 

KaK pe3ynbTaT onucaHHoro Bbiuje 
onpeAeneHMH, ecnki L^eHTpanbHbiii npoL(eccop 50 
onpeflenneT Aecpeia KaK qenb ^po^ecca 3aMeHbi 
nyTeM CABMra, i4eHTpanbHbifi npoi^eccop 
onpeAenaeT ceiaop KaK AecpeKTHbiK n coxpaHaeT 
3tot HOMep cpM3MMecKoro ceiaopa KaK 
AecJ)eKTHbiii ceiaop b naMATM 10 (ST4). 

flanee, KorAa npoL(ecc npoBepKM Bcex 
ceiaopoB b oSnacTM AaHHbix 3 3aKaHMMBaeTcn 
(ST5), qeHTpanbHbiii npoL|eccop 50 ynpaBnneT 
onepai^neii 3anncn Ana oSnacTH ynpaBneHna 
3aMeHoii 6a onwHecKoro flucKa 1 cornacHO 

AaHHbIM, C KOTOpblMH MMeKDT A^nO, M KOTOpbie 

npeACTaBnaioT co6oii cnncoK nepBUMHbix 
AecpeiaoB, coAep>KamMCi ^1HcpopMa^^1^o 
HAeHTnqbuKai^nM cnncKa nepBUMHbix AecpeiaoB n 
KonMMecTBO HOMepoB cpM3MMecKoro ceiaopa, 
npucoeAMHaeMbix k HOMepaM dpn3MMecKoro 
ceiaopa AedpeKTHbix ceiaopoB, coxpaHaeMbix b 
naMATM 10 (ST6). 

CneAOBaTenbHO, b to BpeMfl, KaK onTMMecKUM 
Auck npuBOAHTca bo BpauieHne co CKopocTbro 
BpaiAeHna, cooTBeTCTByiomeSi 30He AaHHbix 6, 
ynpaBneHkie cxeMofi ynpaBneHna na3epoM 33 
ocyaiecTBnaeTca c noMoiAbio cumana, 
nonyMeHHoro 3a CMeT MOAynnL<MM AaHHbix, 
nepeflaBaeMbix KaK cnncoK nepBUMHbix Aeq^eiaoB 
M3 cxeMbi co3AaHMfl AaHHbix 34 Ana ynpaBneHna 
nonynpoBOAHMKOBbiM na3epoM 39 TaKMM 
o6pa30M, MToSbi na3epHoe M3nyMeHne, 
cooTBeTCTByioiiiee MOAynnpoBaHHOMy cumany 
AaHHbix, KaK cnncKa nepBUMHbix Ae<peicroB, 
nonano Ha onTHMecKnK a^ck 1. KaK pe3ynbTaT, 
AaHHbie, c KOTopbiMM HMeioT Aeno, 
cooTBeTCTByiomne MOAynnpoBaHHOMy cumany 
AaHHbix, npeACTaBnaioT coSofi cnncoK 
nepBUMHbix Aecp eKTOB 11 3anncbiBaioTca b 30He 
ynpaBneHna 3aM6Hovi 6a o6nacTM AaHHbix 3 
onTMMecKoro AMCKa 1. 

3aTeM oetacHaeTca npoi4ecc 3aMeHbi nyTeM 
CABHra (anropnTM 3aMeHbi nyTeM cABMra), 
ocytnecTBnaeMbiii b eAMHuqax OAHoro ceiaopa 
Ha ocHOBe cnncKa nepBUMHbix AecpeiaoB co 
ccbinKoi* Ha cpur. 13, 14, 15. 

T.e. KorAa AaHHbie sanncbiBaioTca b 
eflUHni^ax OAHoro ECC-6noKa Ha onTMMecKOM 
flucKe 1, ocymecTBnaeTca npoqecc 3aM6Hbi 
nyTeM CABMra b eAUHMi^ax oahoto ceiaopa 3a 
CMeT cABMra unu nporoHa Mepe3 AecpeKTHbiii 
ceiaop Ha ocHOBe cnwcKa nepBUMHbix Ae$eKTOB. 

HanpuMep, npeAnonaraa Tenepb, mto 
AaHHbie OAHoro ECC-6noKa 3anncbiBaioTcn c 
ncnonb30BaHneM 16 ceiaopoB, Ana Korapbix 
HOMepa cpn3MMecKoro ceiaopa M3MeHaioTca ot 
HOMepa cpM3MMecKoro ceiaopa (m-1) a° HOMepa 
opM3MMecKoro ceiaopa (m+14) onTMMecKoro flMCKa 
1 , AaHHbie oahoto ECC-6noKa 3anncbiBaioTca 3a 
CM6T ncnonb30BaHna 16 ceiaopoB, Ana KOTopbix 
HOMepa cpM3MMecKoro ceiaopa M3MeHaioTca ot 
HOMepa cpM3HHecKoro ceiaopa (m-1) ao HOMepa 



7) 
C 



(pM3HHecKoro ceirropa (m+15), 3a HCKnioHeHHeM 
ceKTopa HOMepa 4>H3MHecKora ceiaopa m, ecnn 
ceKTop HOMepa cpM3HHecKoro ceiaopa m b 
onuoaHHbix Bbiuie ceiaopax 3anncbiBaeTCH b 
cnncKe nepBUMHbix flecfjeKTOB. 

B 3tom cnynae, ec/in (m-1) npncoeAHHfleTCfl 
KaK HOMep nornHecKoro ceiaopa a™ HOMepa 
cpM3MHecKoro ceiaopa (m-1), KaK noKa3aHo Ha 
cpur. 13 n 14, HOMep noniHecKoro ceiaopa m 
3anncbiBaeTcn An* HOMepa cpH3HHecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+1), HOMep noriiHecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+1) 3anncbiBaeTCfl flnn HOMepa cpM3MMecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+2), HOMep noranecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+2) 3anncbiBaeTCH ajw HOMepa a>M3WHecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+3), HOMep jiornMecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+3) 3anncbiBaeTCfl HOMepa cpusnMecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+4), HOMep nornnecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+4) 3anncbiBaeTCfl Ana HOMepa cpn3MHecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+5), HOMep xiornnecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+5) 3anncbiBaeTca flna HOMepa cpM3HMecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+6), HOMep jiornnecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+6) 3anncbiBaeTcn flJiR HOMepa a>M3MHecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+7), HOMep nornMecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+7) 3arwcbiBaeTcn flnn HOMepa a>M3M4ecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+8), HOMep norimecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+8) 3anncbiBaeTca flnn HOMepa a>H3MHecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+9), HOMep jiornHecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+9) 3anncbiBaeTC5i pj\* HOMepa cpM3H4ecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+10), HOMep nornMecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+10) 3anncbiBaeTcsi pjm HOMepa a>H3MHecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+11), HOMep noranecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+11) 3anncbiBaeTCfl Ann HOMepa cpM3M4ecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+12), HOMep nornHecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+1 2) 3anncbiBaeTca fljia HOMepa cpM3HHecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+13), HOMep nornmecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+1 3) 3anucbiBaeTCH fl/ia HOMepa cpM3MHecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+14), HOMep nonwecKoro ceiaopa 
(m+14) 3anncbiBaeTCfl fliw HOMepa cpM3MHecKoro 
ceiaopa (m+15). 

CneflOBaTenbHO, KaK noKa3aHO Ha cpur. 15, 
ecjin npoLiecc 3aMeHW nyTeM cflBura b eflHHML|ax 
oflHoro ceiaopa ocymecTBnfleTca b oahom 6noKe 

n b ECC-6noKax (n-1), n, (n+1), (n+2) 

b KOTopwx 3anncbiBaioTC5i nocneflOBaTe/ibHbie 
sneMewapHbie rpynnbi flaHHbix, TaKnx KaK 
KMHOM3o6pa>KeHMe, onepaL^a 3anucu TonbKO am 
necpeKTHoro ceiaopa, coAep>Kaii(erocfl b 
ECC-6noKe n, npepbiBaeTcs, m cooTHomeHne 

Me>Kfly CpM3MHeCKMM CeKTOpOM M ECC-6flOKOM 

(nornnecKUM ceiaopoM), b kotodom 
3anncbiBaioTCR AaHHbie, cflBnraeTC« Ha oamh 

B pe3ynbTaie, ecnn nocneAOBaTenbHbie 
aneMewapHbie rpynnbi AaHHbix, Taioix KaK 
KHHOM3o6pa«eHne n peHb, 3anncbiBaioTcn b 
ynoMAHyTbiCi Bbiiue ECC-6noK, nponcxoAHT 
npepbiBaHMe BOcnpon3BeAeHua M3-3a 
npucyTCTBMJi AecpeKTHoro ceiaopa, ho TaK KaK 
nepnoA npepbiBaHna Bocnpon3BeAeHMfl nnn 
OAHoro ceiaopa ABnaeTCH kodotkmm, He 6yAeT 
OKa3ano cymecTBeHHoe annaHne Ha 

BOCnDOM3B0AHMbie KMH0M306pa>KeHHe m peMb. 

["Iohhtho, hto nepnoA npepbiBaHMfl ABnaeTCH 

OTHOCMTenbHO KOpOTKMM no CpaBHeHMKJ CO 

cnynaeM, KorAa onepatjMsi 3anncn npepbiBaeTCH 
Ha nepnoA OAHoro ECC-6noKa, ecnn npoi^ecc 
3aM6Hbi nyTeM CABura b eAMHMqax oahoto 6/ioKa 
ECC ocyiAecTBnfleTca, KaK b M3BecTH0M ypoBHe 
TexHonornn. TaKUM o6pa30M, 

nocneAOBaTenbHbie aneMem-apHbie rpynnbi 
flaHHbix MoryT 6biTb 3anncaHbi noMTM 6e3 
npepbiBaHMH. 

TaK KaK npouecc 3aM6Hbi nyTeM CABura b 
eAMHULjax oahoto ceiaopa ocyiAecTBnfleTCfl Ha 
ochobo cnncKa nepBMHHbix AecpeiaoB, 



43M3H4ecKne ceiaopbi Ann Kax<Aoro ECC-6noKa 
sreraiOTCH pacnpeAeneHHbiMM, m aw* Ka>KAoro 
ECC-6noKa onpeAenaeTca cooTHOiueHMe 

CpMSMHeCKMX CeKTOpOB nO OTHOWeHHK) K 

noranecKMM ceiaopaM m oho coxpaHseTCH b 
naMHTH 10, KorAa ommecmfi wck 1 
noMemaeTca b ycTpoiicTBo c onTimecKHM 
Amckom, n cnncoK nepBMHHbix AecpeiaoB, 
cMMTbiBaeMbiCi M3 o6nacTM ynpaBneHun 3aMeHO& 
6a onTiwecKoro flMCKa 
Ta6nni4e 10b naMATM 10. 

3aTeM nnHeviHbi^ npoqecc 3aMeHbi 
(nnHeCiHbiM anropiiTM 3aMeHbi) b eAUHnaax 
OAHoro ECC-6noKa o6"bficHsieTCfl co ccbinKOM Ha 
4>nr. 16, 17M18. 

HanpuMep, npeAnono>KMM Tenepb, 4to 
nocneAOBaTenbHbie 3neMeHTapHbie rpynnbi 
flaHHbix, TaKMe KaK KMHOM3o6pa)KeHMe nnn penb, 
3anncbiBaioTcn b ECC-6noKax, KOTopbie 
ABnnioTCfl nocneflOBaTenbHbiMM Ha onTMHecKOM 
AMCKe 1, nnn b ECC-6noK (n-1), ECC-6noK (n), 

ECC-6noK (n+1), ECC-6noK (n+2) KaK 

noKa3aHO Ha cpur. 16. 

Ecnn onpeAeneHO, hto BTopuMHbie Aecpeiabi 
noflBnaioTCii b oflHOM H3 ceiaopoB ECC-6noKa 
(n) 3a cpaKTMMecKoe BpeMii 3anncn AaHHbix, 
ECC-6noK (n), coAep>KamMM BTopunHbiii 
AecpeKTHbiPi ceiaop, 3aMeHaeTca ECC-6noKOM 
3aMeHbi (1) nyTeM nMHefiHoro npouecca 

3aMeHbi b eflMHMLiax oahoto 6noKa, m saTeM b 
Hero 3anncbiBaioTCfl cooTBeTCTBytoinne AaHHbie. 
B to we BpeMH, AaHHbie, noKasbiBaiomne, hto 
nMHeflHbifi ^po^ecc 3aMeHbi ocyiAecTBneH, 
3anncbiBaioTCfl b naMATb 10. nopaflOK 
Bocnpon3BefleHMfi tbkmx aneMeHTapHbix rpynn 
3anncaHHbix AaHHbix ycTaHaBnnBaeTcn TaK, hto 
ECC-6noK (n-1) Bocnpon3BOAHTca nepBbiM, 
noTOM Bocnpon3BOAMTCfi ECC-6noK (1) una 
3aMeHbi, cneAyiomuM BocnpoM3BOAHTcn ECC 
6noK (n+1), m ECC-6noK (n+2) 
BocnpoM3BOAHTCH, KaK noKa3aHo Ha cpur. 17. 

B 3tom cnynae, He noxoweM Ha 
TpaAnmioHHbiCi cnyHaii, HeT Heo6xoAMMOCTM 
ocymecTBnsiTb npoqecc 3aMeHbi b eAMHML\ax 
oahoto ceiaopa, T.e. HeT Heo6xoAHMOCTM 
o6paiAaTbcn k ECC-6noKy Ann saMeHbi b xofle 
BOcnpon3BeAeHMfl oahoto ECC-6noKa, 3aTeM 
B03BpamaTbCH k ncxoAHOMy ECC-6noKy n 
npoAonwaTb onepamiio Bocnpon3BeAeHnn arm 
mcxoahoto ECC-6noKa, m, TaKMM o6pa30M, 
MOJKeT 6biTb AOCTurHyTa CKopocTb 
BocnponsBefleHna, KOTopas flBnaeTcn 

AOCTaTOHHO BblCOKOM, TaK, MT06bl H6 0Ka3blBaTb 

nioBoe BpeAHoe B03fleficTBMe. 

B cnynae, KorAa ocyLiiecTBnneTcsi npoi4ecc 
3aweHbi b eAMHUi^ax oahoto ECC-6noKa h 
HOMepa nornHecKoro ceiaopa ot m ao (m+15) m 
HOMepa cpM3MHecKoro ceiaopa ot m ao (m+15) 
ceiaopoB b ECC-6noKe (n), coAepwameM 
BTopMMHbiM AecpeiaHbiM ceiaop, nonyHaioTcsi 
nepeA nuneMHbiM npoueccoM 3aMeHbi, KaK 
noKa3aHO Ha <t»nr. 18, HOMepa nornnecKHX 
ceiaopoB ot m ao (m+15) npucoeAMHSiioTCfl k 
HOMepaM cpn3nnecKoro ceiaopa ot y ao (y+15) 
ceiaopoB b pacnonoweHnn ECC-6noKa (1) nocne 
OKOHHaHna nnHefiHoro npoqecca 3aMeHbi. 

flpyniMM cnoBaMM, HOMep norkmecKoro 
ceiaopa, KOTopwPi pa3MemaeTCH Ha none 3anncn 
18, 3anncbiBaeTCfl KaK AaHHbie aApeca 
pa3MemaioiAero nona 3anncn 18, m 3Ta 
onepa4Mfl 3anncn BbinonHfteTcn 6e3 ccbinKM Ha 
AaHHbie aApeca (HOMep cpM3MMecKoro ceiaopa), 
coxpaHfleMbiPi b pa3MeLAaiomeM none 3aronoBKa 
11. 

3aT6M npouecc, ocymecTBnsieMbiM KorAa 



o 

to 



3 



7J 
C 



a ECC-6noK, 
06-bRCHneTcq co ccbinKoii Ha 6noK-cxeMbi, 
noKa3aHHbie Ha cpMr. 19 m 20. 

HanpuMep, npeflnonowMM Tenepb, mto 
naHHbie 3anncn m cneqkicpkiKaijMfl 3anncn flaHHbix 
b 3aflaHHbifl ECC-6jiok b o6nacTM flaHHbix 3 
omwecKoro flucKa 1 nepeflaioTca ot ycTpoficTBa 
ynpaBneHMH onTHHecKMM amckom Ha ycrrpoMCTBO 
c onTMMecKMM amckom Mepe3 cxewiy MHTepcpeiica 
55. lloTOM cneijMcpMKauwi 3anncn flaHHbix b 
3aflaHHbiR ECC-6noK nepeflaeTca Ha 
ueHTpanbHbifl npoqeccop 50, n flaHHbie 3anncn 
eflMHMLibi ceiaopa, nonyMeHHbie nyTeM 
npucoeflMHeHtw KOfla c McnpaBneHMeM oujm6ok k 
onucaHHbiM Bbime flaHHbiM 3anncn c noMombio 
cxewibi KoppexqMM oujm6km 52, nepeflaioTCfi Ha 
cxewiy co3flaHMS flaHHbix 34 (ST10). 

3a speMfl 3arpy3KM om-MMecKoro flucKa 1 
LjeHTpa/ibHbifi npoueccop 50 cMMTbiBaeT cnncoK 
nepBMHHbix flecpeiaoB n cnncoK BTopuHHbix 
fleipeKTOB, 3anncaHHbix b o6nacTM ynpaBneHMH 
3aMeHo£i 6a onTMMecKoro flHCKa 1, 3anncbiBaeT 
mx b Ta6jiML(y 10b naMHTii 10 m onpeflenaeT m 
3anncbiBaeT HOMepa cpM3MMecKoro ceiaopa (flrw 
nepBM4Horo flecbeicrHoro ceiaopa casur ywe 

OCymeCTBfieH) COOTBeTCTByiOLUMX CeKTOpOB flTlfl 

ECC-6/ioKa Ha ocHOBe cnncKa nepBUMHbix 
flecpeKTOB (ST11). 

Kpoiwe Toro, 4 eHTpanbHbiM npoqeccop 
BpamaeT onTMMecKMR amck 1 co cKopocTbio 
BpaifleHun, cooTBeTCTByioLMeM 30He, b KOTopoCi 
coflepwuTCH 3anncHBaeMNM ECC-6noK (ST12). 

B 3TOM COCTOflHMM, Korfla HOMep 

cpM3MHecKoro ceiaopa nepBoro ceiaopa 
ECC-6noKa nonyMaeTca 3a CMeT 
Bocnpon3BefleHM5i Mac™ 3aronoBKa 11, cxeiwa 
co3flaHnn flaHHbix 34 npeo6pa3yeT flaHHbie 
cpopMaTa ECC-6noKa (nepBoro oflHoro ceiaopa), 
ncnojib3yeMbie KaK flaHHbie 3anncn b flaHHbie 
cpopMaTa ECC-6fioKa 3anncn, k KOTopbiM 

npMCOeflMHfllOTCH KOflbl CMHXpOHH3aL(MM fljlfl 

ECC-6noKa, noflBepraeT nx me koaobom 
MOflynaqnn 8-16 m 3aTeM bwboamt 
pe3ynbTMpyiomne flaHHbie Ha cxeiuy ynpaBnenna 
na3epoM 33. rionynpoBOflHMKOBbiM na3ep 39 
ynpaBrmeTca cxeMoti ynpaBneHMa na3epoM 33 
Ana HanpaB/ieHMa na3epHoro M3nyMeHHfl, 
cooTBeTCTByioiflero MOflynMpoBaHHOMy CMmany 
flaHHbix cpopMaTa 6noKa ECC, Ha onTMMecKMM 
flMCK 1 . KaK pe3ynbTaT, flaHHbie 3anncbiBaioTcsi b 
nepBOM ceiaope 3aflaHHoro 6noKa ECC o6nacTM 
flaHHbix 3 omwecKoro flucKa 1 (ST13). 

nocne 3Toro flaHHbie eflHHuqw ceiaopa 
3anncbiBaioTca TeM >Ke cnoco6oM, KaK onncaHO 
Bbiiue (ST13), Ka>KflbiM pa3 Bocnpon3BOflMTCfl 
HOMep qbn3MMecKoro ceiaopa, cooTBeTCTBy iou^m m 
Hoiviepy cpn3MMecKoro ceiaopa, 3aflaHHOMy 
qeHTpanbHbiM npoLieccopoM 50. 

B to we BpeMH flaHHbie 3anncbiBaioTCfl Ha 
ocHOBe HOMepoB cpM3M4ecKoro ceiaopa ceiaopoB 
Ann ECC-6noKa na ocHOBe cnncKa nepBMMHbix 
flecpeiaoB, sanncaHHora b naMHTM 10. T.e. 
flaHHbie 3anncbiBai0TCfl b to BpeMH, KaK 
ocymecTBnaeTCfl onMcaHHbiM Bbiwe npoijecc 
3aMenbi nyTeM cflBura flnn cflBkira vim nporoHa 
Mepe3 flecpeKTHbiM ceiaop. 

Korfla 3anncb flaHHbix b 3aflaHHbiM ECC-6jiok 
3aKOHMeHa, qempanbHbifl npoqeccop 50 
onpeflenaeT npucyTCTBMe vinvi OTcyTCTBHe 
(3arpy>KeHHoe cocTOHHMe win HeT) KacceTbi 20 b 
cooTBeTCTBMM c cMmanoM o6Hapy>KeHM 9\ OT 
fleTeiaopa 21 (ST14), m, ecnn onpeflenneTcn 
npucyTCTBMe KacceTbi 20, 4 eHTpanbHbiM 
npoqeccop 50 onpeflenneT, 6bina jim KacceTa 20 
OTKpbiTa no KpaMHeCi Mepe oflHa>Kflbi mtim hot b 



cooTBeTCTBMM c cnmajioM o6Hapy>KeHMii OT 
fleTeiaopa 22 (ST15). 

Ha ocHOBe pe3yjibTaTa onMcaHHoro Bbiiue 
onpefleneHMfl, ecriM onpefleneHa 3arpy3Ka 
KacceTbi 20, KOTopaa He 6bma OTKpbiTa flawe 
oflHajKflbi, qeHTpanbHbiM npoqeccop 
onpeflenaeT, mto HeT Heo6xoflM moctm npoBep^Tb 
flaHHbie 3anMCM m 3aKaHHMBaeT npoqecc 3anMCM 
flaHHbix (ST16). 

Eohm sarpy3Ka KacceTbi He onpefleneHa Ha 
CTaflMM ST14 mjim ecriM 3arpy3Ka KacceTbi 20 
onpefleneHa m onpefleneHO, mto KacceTa 20 
oTKpbiBanacb no KpafiHeM Mepe 0flHa>Kflbi, 
L\eHTpanbHbiM npoL(eccop 50 ynpaBnaeT 
flaHHbiMM, cMMTbiBaeMbiMM flnfl Ka>Kfloro ceiaopa 
6noKa ECC (ST17). 

KaK pe3ynbTaT, OTpaweHHoe M3nyMeHMe Ha 
ocHOBe na3epHoro M3nyMeHMH flna 
BocnpoM3BefleHMfi ot nonynpoBOflHMKOBoro 
na3epa 39 HanpaBnaeTcn Ha cpoTOfleTeiaop 44, m 
cxeMa BOcnpon3BefleHnn flaHHbix 38 
Bocnpon3BOflMT HOMepa cpM3MHecKoro ceiaopa, 
3anMcaHHbie b Macrax 3aronoBKa 11 ceiaopoB, 
Ann KOTopbix npoBOflMnacb onMcaHHaa Bbiwe 
onepaL|nn 3anMCM, m fleMOflynMpyeT m 
BocnpoM3BOflMT flaHHbie, 3anMcaHHbie b nonax 
flaHHNX cooTBeTCTByiomMX ceiaopoB (ST18). 

Ha ocHOBe onMcaHHoro Bbiiue 
BocnpoMSBefleHMSR qeHTparibHbiM npoqeccop 
onpeflenneT, mto flaHHbie 3anMcaHbi tomho b 
cnyMae, Korfla HOMep cpM3MMecKoro ceiaopa 
nacTM 3aronoBKa 11 Kawfloro ceiaopa MoweT 

6blTb TOMHO B0Cnp0M3B6fleH nnn Korfla 

3anncaHHbie flaHHbie Kax<floro ceiaopa 

CpaBHMBaiOTCfl C BOCnpOM3BOflMMblMM flaHHbiMM 

Ka>Kfloro ceiaopa, vt onpeflenneTcsi, mto 
KonnMecTBO olum6ok b ceiaope He npeBbimaeT 

3aflaHHOM BenMMMHbl, M LieHTpanbHblfl 

npoqeccop, KpoMe Toro, onpenenaeT HanMMMe 
BTopMMHoro flecpeiaa BcneflCTBue toto cpaiaa, 
mto flaHHbie He 3anMcaHbi tomho, m onpeflenneT 
mx KaK u;enb nMHeMHoro npoqecca 3aMeHbi b 
cnyMae, Korfla HOMep cpM3MMecKoro ceiaopa b 
MacTM aaronoBKa 11 He MO>KeT 6biTb tomho 
BocnpoM3BefleH MnM KonMMecTBO oujm6ok b 
ceiaope npeBbimaeT 3aflaHHyio BenMMMHy 
(ST19). 

flna onpefleneHM* coctoahmh olum6km b 
ceiaope Mcnonb3yeTcn oaho M3 cneflyiou4MX 
MeTbipex ycnoBMii. 

nepBoe ycnoBMe: HOMep cpM3MMecKoro 
ceiaopa b MacTM 3aronoBKa 11 He MoweT 6biTb 
TOMHO BocnpoM3BefleH. 

BTopoe ycnoBMe: KonMMecTBO olumSok no 
KpaMHeii Mepe b oahom ceiaope npeBbiuuaeT 
nepByio 3aflaHHyio BenMMMHy. 

TpeTbe ycnoBMe: KonMMecTBO oium6ok no 
KpaMHefi Mepe b oflHOM ceiaope He npeBbimaeT 
nepByio 3aflaHHyio BenMMMHy, ho npeBbimaeT 
BTopyio 3aflaHHyio BenMMMHy, m KonMMecTBO 
omM6oK b i\enoM ECC-6noKe npeBbimaeT TpeTbio 
3aflaHHyio BenMMMHy. 

MeTBepToe ycnoBMe: KonMMecTBO omM6oK no 
KpaMHeii Mepe b oahom ceiaope He npeBbimaeT 
nepByio 3aflaHHyio BenMMMHy, ho npeBbimaeT 
BTopyio 3aflaHHyio BenMMMHy m, KonMMecTBO 
olumGok b ceiaopax qenoro ECC-6noKa 
npeBbiiuaeT MeTBepTyio 3aflaHHyio BenMMMHy. 

ripMMMHa, no KOTOpOM TpeTbe m MeTBepToe 
ycnoBMii ycTaHaBnMBaioTCfl KaK usnb nMHeMHoro 
npoqecca 3aMeHbi, coctomt b tom, mto flaHHbie 

MOiyr 6blTb CKOppeKTMpOBaHbl b L(enoM 

ECC-6noKe, flawe Korfla npoMcxoflMT 6onbmoe 
KonMMecTBO omM6oK m ecnM ohm npoMcxoflMT 
TonbKO b ceiaope ECC-6noKa. ECC-6noK MMeeT 



ZD 



208 paflOB KaK qenbiM, m MoryT 6biTb 
CKoppeKTupoBaHbi flaHHbie, BKntoMato^ne rwrb 
v\m 6onee ouim6ok, BnnoTb flo 16 psfla. flpM 
3tom ycxioBMH onpeflenaioTCfl ynoMHHyTbie Bbiiue 



c 



T. e. nepBi 
onpeflenneTcn TaK, mto KonnnecTBO paflOB, 
coflepwaiflMX, HanpuMep, HeTbipe mjim 6onee 
6aPiTOB oujh6kh b oahom ceiaope, HMeiOLfleM 
KOHCpurypai^ura 182 6afiTa Ha 13 pnflOB, 
ycTaHaBnuBaeTcn paBHbiM nsm m 6onee. 

BTopaa 3aflaHHan BeriMMMHa onpeflexiaeTCfl 
TaK, hto KonnnecTBO paflOB, coflepwaiflMX 
HeTbipe vim 6oxiee 6aCiTOB oujh6km, 
ycTaHaBfiMBaeTCH paBHbiM Tpewi nnn 6o/iee. 

TpeTbn 3aflaHHaa sennHMHa onpeflejiaeTca 

TaK, MTO KOfiMHeCTBO pflflOB, coflepwauiMX 

HeTbipe unM 6onee 6aflTOB oluh6kh, 
ycTaHaBiiMBaeTcq paBHbiM necHTM nnn 6onee. 

MeTBepTasi 3aflaHHan BejiMHMHa 
ycTaHaBDMBaeTCfl paBHOM flByM ceKTopaM. 

KaK pe3ynbTaT onpefleneHMfl Ha CTaflMM 
ST19, onpefle/iaeTca Ltexib jiMHeflHoro npou,ecca 
3aivieHbi, n ECC-6jiok, onpeflenaeMbiM KaK i^e/ib, 
o6pa6aTbiBaeTcn KaK flecpeiaHbiM 6hok, m 
ocyinecTBJisieTCfl onucaHHbiR Bbiiue jwiHeMHbiM 
npotjecc 3aMeHbi ann 3anncn flaHHbix eflWHMUbi 
ECC-6jioKa, KOTopbie flOTWKHbi 6biTb 3anncaHbi b 
flecpeKTHOM 6xioKe b ECC-6ji0Ke 3aMeHbi (ST20), 
m ecjiM i^enb jiMHe&Horo npoiiecca 3aMeHbi He 
onpefleneHa, npoL(ecc 3anncn flaHHbix 
3aKaHHMBaeTcn. 

Ec/iki onucaHHbiM Bbime nnHefiHbifi npoL(ecc 
3aMeHbi ocymecTBjroeTcn, L;eHTpanbHbiM 
npoL(eccop 50 KoppeicrnpyeT 
Howiep cpH3M4ecKoro ceKTopa (£ 
6noKa) nepBoro ceiaopa flecpeKTHoro 6noKa m 
HOMep cpM3WMecKoro ceiaopa (aflpec 6noKa 
3aMeHbi) nepBoro ceiaopa ECC-6noKa 3aMeHbi 
Ha CnHCOK BTOpMHHblX flecpeKTOB naMATM 10 M 
3aKaHMMBaeT npoL(ecc 3anncn qna flaHHbix 
(ST21). 

KpoMe Toro, Korfla onTHMeoKUM flucK 1, me 
ocyiflecTBJweTCH JWHeMHbiCi npoijecc 3aiuieHbi, 

BblHUMaeTCH H3 yCTpOMCTBa C OnTHMeCKMM 
flMCKOM MVA KOrfla CnHCOK BTOpMHHbfX flecpeKTOB, 

3anncaHHbifi b Ta6nni^e 10b, KoppeKTupyeTCH, 
L(eHTparibHbifi npot^eccop 50 KoppeKTM pyeT m 
3anncbiBaeT coflepwaHne 3anncn cnncKa 

BTOpMMHblX flecpeKTOB naMflTM 10 b o6nacTb 

ynpaBneHMfl 3aMeHofi 6a onTiwecKoro flMCKa 1 . 

KaK onucaHO Bbiiue, b onTMHecKOM flMCKe, Ha 
kotopom flaHHbie 3anncbiBaK5Tcn b eflMHMi4ax 
ECC-6noKa, ccpopMMpoBaHHoro 16 ceiaopaMM, 
MaKeTHbie flaHHbie 3anMCbiBaK)TCfl 3a BpeMH 
o6pa6oTKW mjim 3a HanaribHoe BpeMH, TaKoe KaK 
BpeMa 3anycKa npuKnaflHOM 3aflaHM, MaKeTHbie 
flaHHbie BOGnpoM3BOflflTcn fl/w onpefle/ieHMfl 
ceiaopa c nepBMHHbiM flecpeKTOM, aflpec ceiaopa 
c nepBMMHbiM flecpeKTOM 3anncbiBaeTCH Ha 
onTM4ecKMM amck, m flaHHbie eflMHULibi 
ECC-6noKa 3anncbiBaioTcfl 3a BpeMfl 3anncn 
flaHHbix, b to BpeMfl KaK nponcxoflMT nporoHKa 
Mepe3 ceKTop c nepBMMHbiM flecpeiaoM. 

KaK pe3ynbTaT, ecriM nocneflOBaTertbHbie 
aneMeHTapHbie rpynnw flaHHbix, Taiaie iok 
KHHOH3o6pa>KeHMe mjim peMb, 3anncbiBaioTCfl b 
onuoaHHOM Bbiiue ECC-6noKe, BocnpoM3BefleHne 
flaHHbix BpeMeHHO npepbiBaeTcn M3-3a 
npucyTCTBun flecpeKTHoro ceirropa, ho TaK KaK 
BpeMH npepbiBaHMR Bocnpon3BefleHMfl f\m 
oflHoro ceiaopa nBnneTCfl kopotkmm, 3to He 
6yfleT 0Ka3biBaTb BflMflHun Ha KMHOM3o6pa>KeHMe 
wnn pe^b, KOTopbie BocnponsBOflflTCJi. 

HOHSITHO, hto onMcaHHoe Bbiiue BpeMfl 



npepbiBannfl ABnaeTCfl oTHocnTeribHO 6onee 
kopotkmm no cpaBHeHHio co BpeMeHeM 
npepbiBannfl 3anncn oahoto ECC-6noKa npn 
ocyiflecTBneHMM npoi^ecca 3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBura 
b eflMHMLtax OflHoro ECC-6noKa, kbk b m3b©cthom 
ypoBHe TexHonorMM. TaKMM o6pa30M, 
nocneflOBaTenbHbie aneMeHTapHbie rpynnbi 
flaHHbix MoryT 6biTb 3anncaHbi iiohth 6e3 
npepuBaHUfl. 

KpoMe Toro, Ha onTunecKOM flMCKe, rfle 
flaHHbie 3anncaHbi b eflMHML(ax OflHoro 
ECC-6noKa, flaHHbie 3anncbiBaioTCfl 3a BpeMH 
3anncw flaHHbix, OTnimaiomeecfl ot HananbHoro 

BpeMeHM, flaHHbie B0Cnp0M3B0flS1TCfl flrifl 

onpefleneHun npncyTCTBun ECC-6noKa, 

MMeiOLHerO CeKTOp CO BTOpMMHbIM flecpeKTOM, n 

flaHHbie b ECC-6noKe, KOTopbiPi, KaK 
onpeflenaeTcn, MMeeT ceiaop co BTopn^HbiM 
flecpeiaoM, 3anncbiBaioTcn b ECC-6noKe, 
KOTopbie noflroTaBJWBaeTCH OTflenbHO. 

TaKMM o6pa30M, fla>Ke Korfla npoLiecc 
3aMeHbi flecpeiaa ocyiflecTBnneTca 3a BpeMH 
sanwM nocne HananbHoro BpeMeHM, cHMweHMe 

CKOpOCTM BOCnpOM3BefleHMS1 MO)KeT SblTb 

noflasneHO. 

T. e., b OTJWHMe ot TpaflMi^MOHHoro cnyMan, 
HeT Heo6xoflM moctm ocyiflecTBUHTb npoi^ecc 
3aMeHbi b eflMHMqax OflHoro ceiaopa, T.e. HeT 
Heo6xoflMMOCTM o6paiflaTbCH k ECC-6noicy fina 
3aMeHbi b xofle BocnpoM3BefleHMfl OflHoro 
ECC-6noKa, 3aTeM B03BpaiflaTbcn k McxoflHOMy 
ECC-6noKy m npoflonwaTb onepaLiMio 
BocnpoM3BefleHMW flnn McxoflHoro ECC-6xi0Ka, m, 

TaKMM 06pa30M, MTOKeT 6blTb flOCTMmyTa 
CKOpOCTb BOCnpOM3BefleHMR, KOTopaa S1B™eTCfl 
flOCTaTOHHO BblCOKOM, TaK 4T06bl He OKa3blBaTb 

nioSoe BpeflHoe BnMflHMe. 

OopMyna M3o6peTeHMJi: 

1. Cnoco6 ocytflecTBneHMfl 3aMeHbi flnn 

OnTMHeCKOrO flMCKa, KOTOpblM MMeeT flOpKKKM 

flria 3anMCM flaHHbix, pacnonoweHHbie 
KOHueHTpMHecKM Mfin no cnMpanM, M B KOTOpOM 
onpeflenneTcn cpopMaT, MMeioiflMM MHO>KecTBO 
nocneflDBaTenbHbix ceiaopHbix o6nacTeM, 
Ka>Kflaf) M3 KOTopbix MMeeT 3aflaHHyio flnMHy 
flopowKM m BKnioHaeT none aflpeca flnn 3anMCM 
flaHHbix aflpeca, yKa3biBaK3iflMX ^03M^MI0 Ha 
flopoKKe, m none 3anMCM flna 3anMCM flaHHbix, 

3aKJllO>HaiOlflMMCa B TOM, MTO C03flaiOT ECC-6J10K, 

3anMcbiBai0T ECC-6noK b nonn 3anMCM 
ceiaopHbix o6nacTeM, onpeflexwioT, MoryT nM 
flaHHbie 3aronoBKa KawfloR ceiaopHOM o6nacTM 
6biTb tomho BocnpoM3BefleHbi, onpeflensiioT 

KOnMMeCTBO OUIM60K B Ka>KflOM M3 pflflOB 

ECC-6noKa m onpeflenwoT, npeBbiujaeT mjim HeT 
PflflOB ECC-6noKa, b KOTopbix 
oujm6ok npeBbiujaeT BTopyra 
3aflaHHyio Be/iMMMHy, nepByio 3aflaHHyio 
BeriMHMHy, onpeflenaioT ceiaop KaK flecpeiaHbiM 
Ha ochobb BbiLueyKa3aHHbix onpefleneHMPi m b 
cnyMae, ecnM no MeHbLuetf Mepe oamh ceiaop 
onpefleneH KaK flecpeiaHbiM, ocyiflecTBnfiioT 
npoL(ecc 3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBMra nyTeM nporoHa 
Hepe3 flecpeiaHbiM ceiaop m 3anMCM 
cooTBeTCTByioiflMX flaHHbix b nocJieflyKHflMe 
ceiaopHbie o6nacTM. 

2. Cnoco6 no n.1, OTHMMaioiflMMcn TeM, hto 
ECC-6/iok o6pa30BaH 16 ceiaopaMM, Ka>KflbiM M3 

CeKTOpOB CCpOpMMpOBaH M3 12 pflflOB, Ka>KflblM 

p«A coflep>KMT 172 6aMTa, npM stom k Ka>KfloMy 
psfly npMcoeflMHeH nonepeMHbiCi ECC, 
coflepwaiflMM 10 6aPtT, m k Ka>KflOMy ceiaopy 
npMcoeflMHeH npoflonbHbiM ECC, coflep>KamMM 
182 6aMTa. 

3. Cnoco6 no n.1 mjim 2, oT/iMMaioiflMMCfl TeM, 



7} 
C 



••J 



MTO OnTMMeCKMkt flMCK flOnonHMTenbHO COflepWMT 

30Hy ynpaBneHHH 3aMeHo£i, h TeM, mto b 30Hy 
ynpaBJieHMfl saMeHofi 3anncbiBaraT flaHHbie 
aflpeca ceirropHbix o6nacTeM, onpefleneHHbix kqk 
flecpeKTHbie, m npouecc 3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBura 
ocyiuecTBnsroT b OTHOiiieHnn ceiaopHbix 
oSnacTefl, flaHHbie anpeca KOTopbix 3anncaHbi b 
30He ynpaBiieHna 3aMeHOM. 

4. Cnoco6 ocymecTBneHMH 3aMeHbi flna 

OnTMMeOKOrO flMCKa, KOTOpbIM MMeeT flOpOWKM 

fljw 3anncn flaHHbix, pacnonoweHHbie 
KOHLieHTpuMecKH mjim no cnnpann, M B KOTOpOM 
onpefle/weTcn cpopMaT, MMeioujMM MHO>KecTBO 
nocneflOBaiejibHbix ceiaopHbix oSnacTeii, 
Ka»flaH M3 KOTopbix MMeeT 3aaaHHyio fl/inHy 
flopo>KKM m BKraonaeT none aflpeca flna 3anncn 
flaHHbix aflpeca, yKa3biBaK3Li\MX no3MUMio Ha 
AopowKe, none 3anncn ajih 3anncn flaHHbix m 
30Hy ynpaBJieHns 3aMeHofi, 3aicnioMaiomMMCfl b 
tom, mto co3flaioT ECC-6noK, 3anncbiBai0T 
flaHHbie aflpeca flecpeiaHbix ceiaopHbix 
o6nacTeR b 30Hy ynpaBneHun 3aMeHoii, 
3anncbiBaioT ECC-6noK b nona 3anncM 
ceiaopHbix o6nacTe£i, na ocHOBe flaHHbix 
aflpeca, 3anncaHHbix b o6nac™ ynpaBJieHMfl 
3aMeHoR, onpeflennioT flecpeKTHbie ceicropHbie 
o6nac™ m b cnyMae, ecnM no MeHbiuePi Mepe 
oflHH ceKTop onpefleneH KaK flecpeiaHbiM, 
ocymecTBJWioT npouecc 3aMeHbi nyTeM cnaura 
nyTeM nporoHa Mepe3 flecpeKTHbiii ceiaop n 
3anncn cooTBeTCTByiomux flaHHbix b 
nocneflyioujMe ceirropHbie oCnacTM. 

5. Cnoco6 no n.4, 0TnMMaiouj,MMC8 TeM, mto 
ECC-6jiok o6pa30BaH 16 ceiaopaMU, KaatflbiM M3 

CeKTODOB CCpOpMMpOBaH M3 12 p^flOB, Ka>KflblM 

psifl coflep>KMT 172 6a£iTa, npn stom k Ka»<flOMy 
pflfly npMcoeflMHeH nonepeMHbifi ECC, 
coflep>KainM^ 10 6afiT, m k KaxcflOMy ceiaopy 
npucoeflMHeH npoflonbHbifi ECC, coflepwamMM 
182 6a«Ta. 

6. Cnoco6 ocymecTBneHMH 3aMeHbi flna 

OnTHHeCKOrO flMCKa, KOTOpblfl MMeeT flOpOWKM 

flna 3anncn flaHHbix, pacnonoweHHue 
KOHi^eHTpuMecKM linn no cnnpann, vt B KOTOpOM 
onpeflenneTca cpopMaT, MMeiomMM MHO>KecTBo 
nocneflOBaTexibHbix ceiaopHbix o6nacTeii, 
Ka»<flafl H3 KOTopbix nMeeT 3aflaHHyio jywHy 
A BKniOMaeT none aflpeca flna 3anncn 
aflpeca, yKa3biBaram,MX no3MUMK> Ha 
t none 3anncn flna 3anncn flaHHbix, 
3aKnioHaiou(MpicH b tom, mto co3flaioT ECC-6noK, 
3anncbiBaioT ECC-6noK b nonn 3anncn 
ceiaopHbix o6nacTefi, onpeflenswT, MoryT m 
flaHHbie 3aronoBKa KaacfloCi ceicropHOM oonacTM 
6biTb tomho Bocnpon3BefleHbi, onpeflexiflioT 

KOnMMeCTBO OUIM60K B KaWflOM M3 pflflOB 

ECC-6noKa n onpeflennioT npeBbiiiiaeT h™ HeT 
KOJiMHecTBo psiflOB ECC-6noKa, B KOTOpblX 
KonnnecTBO olum6ok npeBbiiuaeT BTopyio 
3aflaHHyio BenuMMHy, nepByio 3aflaHHyio 
BexiHHWHy, onpeflennioT KonnnecTBO oujm6ok b 
ica>KflOM M3 pflflOB ECC-6noKa m onpeflennioT, 
npeBbiujaeT mjim HeT Komi^ecTBo pflflOB 
ECC-6noKa, b KOTopbix KonMHecTBo owmSok 
npeBbiujaeT TpeTbio 3aflaHHyro BejwHUHy, 
MeTBepTyio 3aflaHHyio BexiMMMHy; Ha ocHOBe 
onpefleneHMM, MoryT fin flaHH 
Ka>KfloCi ceKTopHofi o6xiacTM 6biTb 
Bocnpon3BefleHbi 14 npeBbimaeT vinv 
KorikmecTBO pnflOB ECC-6noKa, 
KO/WMecTBO oluh6ok npeBbiujaeT BTopyio 
3anaHHyio BennHMHy, nepByio 3aflaHHyio 
BennHMHy, onpeflenaioT ceiaop KaK flecpeKTHbiPi m 
b cnyMae, ecnii no MeHbiuefi Mepe oflMH ceiaop 
onpefleneH KaK flecpeiaHbifi, ocymecTBnnioT 



npoqecc saMenbi nyTeM CflBura nyTeM nporoHa 
Mepe3 flecpeKTHbiii ceiaop m 3anncn 
cooTBeTCTBywiflux flaHHbix b nocneayioLi(Me 
ceiaopHbie o6nacTn; Ha ocHOBe onpefleneHMM, 
MoryT nn flaHHbie 3aronoBKa Ka>Kflofi ceiaopHovi 
oBnacTM 6biTb tomho Bocnpon3BefleHbi n 
npeBbiujaeT unn HeT KonnnecTBO pflflOB 
ECC-6noKa, b KOTopbix KoromecTBO oujm6ok 
npeBbiujaeT TpeTbio 3aflaHHyio Benn4MHy, 
MeTBepTyio 3aflaHHyio BenuMMHy, onpeflennioT 
ceiaop KaK flecpeKTHbift m b cnyMae, ecnn no 
MeHbUjefi Mepe oahh ceiaop onpefleneH KaK 
flecpeKTHbift, ocym,ecTBnnioT 

nnHetiHbiti npou,ecc saMeHbi nyTeM 3anncn 
cooTBeTCTByioiii,ero ECC-6noKa b 6noK 3aMeHbi. 

7. Cnoco6 no n.6, oTnMMaiomMRcfl TeM, mto 
ECC-6noK o6pa30BaH 16 ceiaopaMU, Ka>KflbiM M3 

CeKTOpOB CCpOpMMpOBaH H3 12 paflOB, Ka>KflblK 

psifl coflepjKMT 172 6afiTa, npn stom k Ka>KflOMy 
pnfly npncoeflnneH nonepeMHbiti ECC, 
coflep>Kam,Mii 10 6afiT, n k Ka>KflOMy ceiaopy 
npucoeflMHeH npoflonbHbiM ECC, coflep>Kauj,n£i 
182 6a«Ta. 

8. Cnoco6 no n.6 vim 7, OTnuMaioiuMMca TeM, 
mto onTUMecKUM flucK flononHHTenbHO coflep>KMT 
30Hy ynpaBneHna 3aMeHoii, m TeM, mto b 30Hy 
ynpaBneHMii 3aMeHOM 3anncbiBaioT flaHHbie 
aflpeca ceiaopHbix o6nacTefi, onpefleneHHbix KaK 
flecpeKTHbie, npoi^ecc 3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBura m 
nnHeMHbiiS npouecc 3aMeHbi ocymecTBnsiioT b 
oTHoujeHnn ceiaopHbix o6nacTePi, flaHHbie 
aflpeca KOTopwx 3anncaHbi b o6nacTM 
ynpaBneHun 3aMeHo(i, m 3anncbiBaioT 
HHCpopMaLi,Mio, yKa3biBaioinyio, mto 6bin 
ocyiflecTBneH nuneiiHbifi npoLi,ecc 3aMeHbi b 30Hy 
ynpaBneHun 3aMeHofi. 

9. Cnoco6 ocymecTBneHMfl 3aMeHbi ana 

OnTMMeCKOrO flMCKa, KOTOpbIM MMeeT flopo>KKM 

Ana 3anMCM flaHHbix, pacnonoKeHHbie 
KOHi^eHTpMMecKM MnM no cnMpanM, M B KOTOpOM 
onpeflenneTCii cpopMaT, MMeioii^MM MHO>KecTBO 
nocneflOBaTenbHbix ceiaopHbix o6nacTeM, 
Ka>KflaH M3 KOTopbix MMeeT 3aflaHHyio flnMHy 
flopo«KM w BKnioMaeT none aflpeca flna 3anMCM 
flaHHbix aflpeca, yKa3biBaiouj,MX no3MU,Mio Ha 
flopoKKe, none 3anMCM flnsi 3anncM flaHHbix m 
3ony ynpaBneHMsi 3aMeHoft, 3ai<nioMaioui,MMcn b 
tom, mto co3flaioT ECC-6noK, 3anncbiBaioT 
flaHHbie aflpeca flecpeiaHbix ceiaopHbix 
oBnacTeK b 3ony ynpaBneHMSi 3aMeH0M, 
3anMCbiBaioT ECC-6noK b nonn 3anMCM 
ceiaopHbix o6nacTeii, Ha ocHOBe flaHHbix 
aflpeca, 3anMcaHHbix b o6nacTM ynpaBneHMfl 
3aMeH0M, onpeflenaioT flecpeKTHbie ceiaopHbie 
o6nacTM m b cnyMae, ecnM no MeHbweK Mepe 
oflMH ceiaop onpefleneH KaK flecpeKTHbiii, 
ocymecTBnnioT npou,ecc 3aMeHbi nyTeM CflBura 
nyTeM nporoHa Mepe3 flecpeiaHbifi ceiaop m 

3anMCM COOTB8TCTByiOUJ,MX flaHHblX B 

nocneflyioLLi,Me ceiaopHbie o6nacTM, Ha ocHOBe 
flaHHbix aflpeca, 3anMcaHHbix b o6nacTM 
ynpaBneHMfi 3aMeH0(i, onpeflennioT flecpeKTHbie 
ceiaopHbie o6nacTM m b cnyMae, ecnM no 
MeHbwefi Mepe OflMH ceiaop onpefleneH KaK 
flecpeKTHbiii ocymecTBnaioT nMHePiHbiM npoi^ecc 
3aMeHbi nyTeM 3anMCM cooTBeTCTByiouj,ero 
ECC-6noKa b 6noK 3aM8Hbi. 

10. Cnoco6 no n.9, oTnMMaioiii,MMcsi TeM, mto 
ECC-6noK o6pa30BaH 16 ceiaopaMM, Ka>KflbiM M3 

CeKTOpOB CCpOpMMpOBaH M3 12 pflflOB, Ka)KflblM 

pflfl coflep>KMT 172 6aMTa, npn stom k Ka>KflOMy 
psqfly npMcoeflMHeH nonepeMHbiM ECC, 
coflep^ainMM 10 6aMT, m k Ka>KflOMy ceiaopy 
npMcoeflMHeH npoflonbHbiM ECC, coflep>Kauj,MM 
182 6aCiTa. 



ZD 
0£ 



11. YCTpOMCTBO C OnTHHeCKMM flMCKOM, 

coflepwamee cpeflCTBO co3flaHMfl ECC-6/ioKa, 
cpeflCTBo 3anucn ECC 6noKa b nona 3anncn 
ceiaopHbix o6nacTeCi, cpeflCTBO onpeflejieHun, 
MoryT jih aaHHbie 3aronoBKa Kax<flofi ceiaopHoPi 
o6nacTM 6biTb tomho Bocnpon3BefleHbi, cpeflCTBO 
onpefleneHMH KonnMecTBa olum6ok b KawflOM m 
pnAOB ECC-6/iOKa n onpefleneHna, npeBbituaeT 
kinn HeT KOjinnecTBO pnfloB ECC-6noKa, b 
KOTopux KonnHecTBO owmcok npeBbiuiaeT 
BTopyio 3aflaHHyra BennMUHy, nepByio 3aflaHHyio 
BennHUHy, cpeflCTBO onpefleneHkia cem-opa KaK 
flecpeKTHoro Ha ocHOBe BbiUJeyKa3aHHbix 
onpefleneHkifi, BbinonHeHHoe c B03MO>KHOCTbK) b 
cnynae, ecnu no MeHbiueCt Mepe oamh ceiaop 
onpeflenen KaK fleapeKTHbifl ocyiflecTBneHHn 
npoijecca 3aMeHbi nyTeM cflBura nyTeM nporoHa 
nepe3 flecpeiaHbM ceiaop h 3anncn 
cooTBeTCTByroiunx naHHbix b nocxieflyromne 
ceiaopHbie o6nacTM. 

12. YcTpoflCTBO C OnTMHeCKMM flHCKOM, 

coflepwaiflee cpeflCTBO coaflaHun ECC-6noKa, 
cpeflCTBO 3anncn ECC-6noKa b nous 3anncn 
ceiaopHbix o6nacTefi, cpeflCTBO onpefleneHMH, 
MoryT /in AaHHbie 3aronoBKa Ka>Kfloii ceiaopHOM 
06jiaCTM 6blTb tohho BocnpovraBefleHbi, cpeflCTBO 
onpeAeneHMfl KOJiHHecTBa oluh6ok b Ka»<AOM H3 
paflOB ECC-6noKa n onpefleneHnn, npeBbiiuaeT 
una HeT KonnnecTBO psiflOB ECC 6jioKa, b 
KOTopbix KonnnecTBO oium6ok npeBbiiuaeT 
BTopyio 3aflaHHyio sennHMHy, nepByio 3aflaHHyio 
BeriMHMHy, cpeflCTBO onpefleneHua Ko/innecTBa 



OlilMDOK B Ka>KflOM M3 pflflOB ECC-6noKa n 
onpefleneHHH, npeBbiiuaeT nnn HeT KonnqecTBO 
psiAOB ECC-6noKa, b kotopwx KonimecTBO 
oujm6ok npeBbiiuaeT TpeTbio 3aAaHHyio 
Be/inMMHy, neTBepTyio 3aflaHHyio BennnnHy, 
cpeflCTBO onpefleneHna ceiaopa KaK flecpeKTHoro 
Ha ocHOBe onpefleneHMM, MoryT nn AaHHbie 
3aronoBKa Ka>KAOM ceiaopHoCi o6nacTM 6biTb 
tomho Bocnpon3BefleHbi n npeBbiiuaeT nnn HeT 
KonwHecTBO pflflOB ECC-6noKa, b KOTopbix 
KoriMMecTBO owh6ok npeBbiiuaeT BTopyio 
3aflaHHyio BenviHMHy, nepByio 3aflaHHyio 

Be/lMMMHy H BbinOJlHeHHOe C B03MO>KHOCTblO B 

cny^ae, ecnn no MeHbiueH Mepe oflMH ceiaop 
onpefleneH KaK AecpeKTHbiii, ocymecTBneHHfl 
npoL|ecca 3aMeHbi nyTeM cABnra nyTeM nporoHa 
nepe3 flecpeKTHbiw ceiaop n 3anncn 
cooTaeTCTByioi^MX flaHHbix b nocneflytomne 
ceiaopHbie o6nacTM, n cpeflCTBO onpefleneHnn 
ceiaopa KaK flecpeKTHoro Ha ocHOBe 
onpefleneHMM, MoryT nv\ AaHHbie 3aronoBKa 
Ka>KflOM ceiaopHotf o6nacTM 6biTb tohho 
Bocnpon3BefleHbi n npeBbiiuaeT mu HeT 
KonnMecTBo pnqoB ECC-6noKa, b KOTopbix 
Konn>necTBo olum6ok npeBbiiuaeT TpeTbio 
saflaHHyro BennnnHy, MeTBepTyio 3aflaHHyio 

BejTMHMHy, H BbinOnHeHHOe C B03MO>KHOCTblO B 

cnynae, ecnn no MeHbiuefi Mepe OflMH ceiaop 
onpefleneH KaK flecpeKTHbifi, ocyuiecTBneHnfl 
nnHeCiHoro npoL(ecca 3aMeHbi nyTeM 3anncw 
cooTBeTCTByioiiiero ECC-6noKa b 6noK 3aMeHbi. 



CM 
O 



7> 
C 



=> 



O 




o 



OBJIACTb 
BBOJXA j 



\ 

OBJIACTb 
flAHHHX i 



30HA dTAMIIOBAHHblX MHHblX 



30HA IIEPE3AIIHCbIBAEMI>IX J5AHHHX 
(OBJIACTb ynPABJIEHHfl flE*EKTOM) — 



BJIOK 3AMEHH 



ECC BJIOK 3AMEHH 



OBJIACTb BHBOflA 



3OHA0 



O 

CD 



a: 



O 



-18- 



■a 



30HA UITAMIIOBAHHBIX 



CKOPOCTb 
BPAmEHHH 
(HO 

37.57 



30HA IIEPE3AIIHCbIBAEMHX 
4AHHUX ( OBJIACTb ] 39. 78 
YnPABJIEHHfl .0E3EKTOM) 



MHCJIO 
CEKTOPOB 
HA flOPOXKy 

18 



17 



3W- 



30HA 0 



30HA 1 



30HA 2 



39.78 



37.57 



35.59 



16.91 



17 



18 



19 



40 



OBJIACTB BMBOflA 



16.91 



40 



-19- 



r 



f ■ 




CEKTOP 
ID 1 


KOfl c 
OEHAPYXEH 
OIHHBOK 


JEM 

cektop 1 (no 


ECC 

nEPEqHfcm) 




CEKTOP 

ID 2 


KOfl C | 
OEHAPYXEHHEM 

OIDHEOK | 

1 - - n Inn 


ECC 

IEPEqHWft) 






I 


CEKTOP 
ID 16 


KOfl C j 
OEHAPYJKEHHEM 
OIHBOK 1 

1 i C 


ECC 

nEPEHHblfl) 




ECC 2 


(npoflOJibHwa) 



•HP. 5 



2 EAflTA 


91 BAHT 


2 EAHTA 


91 BAHT 


A 


A 












mm 




KOflbl 




CHHXPO 


CEKTOP 1 (1/2) 


CHHXPO 


CEKTOP 1 (2/2) 


HH3AIIHH 




HH3AHHH 






1/16 ECC 2 




1/16 ECC 2 




CEKTOP 2(1/2) 




CEKTOP 2(2/2) 




2/16 ECC 2 




2/16 ECC 2 




[ 




i 

i 

i 
i 




CEKTOP 16 (1/2) 




CEKTOP 16 (2/2) 




16/16 ECC 2 




16/16 ECC 2 



12 PflflOB 
• 1 PHfl 

► 12 PHflOB 

► 1 PHfl 




o 

CD 



73 
C 



3 



73 
C 



BJIOK CHHXP0HH3AUHH BJIOK CHHXPOHH3AIJHH 

32 BHTA 1456 BHTOB 32 BHTA 1456 BHTOB 
KAHAJIA KAHAJIA KAHAJIA KAHAJIA 
(2 BAftTA) (91 BAflT) (2 BA8TA) (91 BAST 















SYO i 


WJIEBOft BJIOK 


SY5 


IIEPBMfi BJIOK 






SY1 




SY5 








SY2 




SY5 








SY3 




SY5 




o 




SY4 




SY5 








SY1 




SY6 








SY2 




SY6 








SY3 




SY6 








SY4 




SY6 








SY1 




SY7 








SY2 




SY7 








SY3 




SY7 








SY4 




SY7 





B0P03flKA 1 - 
KOHTAKTHAH - 

njiowKA 

E0P03flKA 2- 
KOHTAKTHAH „ 
nHOIOAilKA 

B0P03flKA 3 - 
KOHTAKTHAH 



BHEMHHH CTOPOHA flHCKA 

4 i ♦ 




EOP03AKA 1 
KOHTAKTHAH 

naomAWA i 

BOP03flKA 2 
KOHTAKTHAH 
nJIOBUUIKA 2 
B0P03flKA 3 
KOHTAKTHAH 
IHIOIHAflKA 3 
BOP03flKA 4 



lACTb 3ArOJIOBKA 11 BHYTPEHHHH CTOPOHA flHCKA 
( IIPEflB APHTE JIBHO OT40PMATHPOBAHHHE flAHHUE ) 



Mr. 8 




OBJIACTb YIIPABJIEHHS flE*EKTOM 6a 



CnHCOK IIEPBPWHblX flE*EKTOB 
(PDL) 



CnHCOK BTOPHWHHX flE*EKTOB 
(SDL) 



.15 



73 



Mr. 10 
1 



^20 



II 1 



22 



.23 



K IIJHHE 49 
*Hr. li 



0£ 



^ CTAPT ^ 



OnPEflEJIEHHE nPOUECCA 3AMEHBI IIYTEM 
CJPBHrA H KOHTPOJIbHOft OnEPAUHH 3AIIHCH 
J5JIH KAXflOrO CEKTOPA OBJIACTH 

mrnux onwreECKoro ahcka 

L— HA OCHOBE MAKETHHX ,E[AHHMX 

i 



j^ST1 



KOHTPOJIbHOE C^HTblBAHHE MAKETHblX 
AAHHBIX flJIfl KAXflOrO CEKTOPA 



J—ST2 



^^--^OnPEflEJIEHHHa J> 
nEPBOTHbia flESEKT (HAqAJIbHbffi 
flE*EKT) HBJIflETCH HEJIbM IIPOUECCA 3AMEHW 
IIYTEM CflBHrA 



11 

HET 




OIIPEflEJIEHHE HAJIIWHH flE*EKTHOrO CEKTOPA 
| H 3AIIHCB HOMEPA *H3IWECK0ro CEKTOPA| 
3T0r0 CEKTOPA KAK flESEKTHOrO CEKTOPA 



7) 
C 




CO3.0AHHE CnHCKA nEPBHqHMX flESEKTOB H 
CnHCKA 3AIIHCH B OBJIACTH ynPABJIEHHH* 
3AMEH0H OnTIWECKOrO flHCKA J 



*HI\ 12 



-24- 



HOMEP «H3HHECKOrO CEKTOPA 

^ HOMEP JIOrHqECKOrO CEKTOPA 

(ra-1) } 18 (m) 



(1 3Aro- 

j] JIOBOK 


m-1 | ' 


3AT0- 
JIOBOK 




3ATO- 
HOBOK 


^ I 


3Aro- 

JIOBOK 


m+2 | 


3AT0- 
JIOBOK 




11 j 

( f A. 




CEKTOP 


I 5 X ! \ ! \ I 

3B 1 flE*EKTHb!fl \J %J \ j 
j CEKTOP "k S. 

♦ ♦ x fN 
(m) (m+1) X (m+2) V (m+3) X 


[( 3 ArOJIO - 


JHlJ 


3AT0- 
JIOBOK 




3Aro- 

JIOBOK 




3Aro- 

JIOBOK 


m+1 | 


3Aro- 

JIOBOK 


J5±2j 



HOMEP CEKTOPA IJACTH 3ArOJIOBKA HOMEP CEKTOPA 4ACTH flAHHMX 



7J 
C 



HOMEP $H3HqECKOrO CEKTOPA m-] I 
| J 

HOMEP *H3HqECK0rO CEKTOPA m I 
I m J 

HOMEP *H3H«lECKOrO CEKTOPA m +l 

HOMEP *H3H*IECK0r0 CEKTOPA m +2 



HOMEP *H3HqECK0r0 CEKTOPA 



m+3 
~m+4~| 



HOMEP $H3Ht|ECK0r0 CE KTOPA 
HOMEP *H3HqECKOrO CEKTOPA m+5 



HOMEP *H3HMECKOrO CEKTOPA m+13 
HOMEP 4H3H1ECK0F0 CEKTOPA m+14 



HOMEP *H3HyECK0r0 CEKTOPA m+l 5 



HOMEP JIOrtWECKOrO CEKTOPA m-1 

I I 



homep JionreECKoro CEKTOPA m 



HOMEP JIOriWECKOrO CEKTOPA m+ l 



HOMEP JIOrHqECKOrO CEKTOPA m +2 



HOMEP JIOrKWECKOrO CEKTOPA m +3 ° 



HOMEP JiorHqECKoro CEKTOPA m+4 O t- 



homep JionraECKoro CEKTOPA m+l 2 



HOMEP JiorHqECKoro CEKTOPA m+ 13 

I 

m+14 



HOMEP JIOrHqECKOrO CEKTOPA 



3 



tt JJ° C B JI0K | ECC BJIOK (n) J ^ ECC EJIOK (n+1) jJBCC BJIOK ( n +2) ^ 

' CEKT0P0B ' 32 KEAftTA 16 CEKTOPOB, 32 KBAflTA 16 CEKTOPOB, 32 KBAflTA 16 CEKTOPOB, 32 k BAflTA 



4 



CEKTOP J 
ECC EJIOK. (n) 

ECC BJIOK (n) ECC EJIOK (n+1) 



it 



ECC BJIOK (n+2) 



nPEPHBAHHE 3AIIHCH ^ B030BHOBJIEHHE 3AIIHCH 

nEPHOJl nPEPUBAHHH (OJIHH CEKTOP) 

•war. 15 

H | ECC EJIOK (n-1) J ECC EJIOK (n) ^ ECC BJIO K (n+1) ^ECC EJIOK (n+2) ^ 

16 CEKTOPOB, 32 KBAflT A 16 CEKTOPOB , 32 KBAflTA 16 CEKTOPOB, 32 KBAflTA 16 CEKT OPOB, 32 KBAflTA 



o 

CD 



ECC EJIOK 3AMEHU $ E CC EJIOK 3AMEHH 



j- BPEMH B0CnP0H3BEflEHHH 

I ECC BJIOK (n-1) 



D 



I ECC EJIOK (n+1) J ECC EJIOK (n+2) 



I ECC BJIOK 3AMEHN ($ ) 



-si 

O 



ECC EHOK (n) 





(ra-1) 






(m) 


(m+1) 


„ (m+15) 


(lTH-16) 




3ArOJIOBOK 
1 ^ 


m-1 


3ArOJIOBOK — 

^ 1 t 


?! 1 ■ M-1 | 
| — 1 SArOJIOBOK,— -j— 5 

— .. 1 1 1 


« 1 lm+15| 1 

3ArOJIOBOK— 3AT0JI0B0K 


mf16j 




<11 




ECC BJIOK 3AMEHH 


it) 








(y-D i 


(y) 


(y+D { 


„ (y+15 


i (y+16) 




3ArOJI0BOK 
1 , 


nt-1 1 


3Ar0JI0B0K m 3Ar0JI0B0K ffi+1 I 
.II II— 1 


aArojioBOK """ 15 ! 3ArojroBOK 

JLL. I I 


BH-16J 




<11 




<18 













*Hr. 18 



73 
C 



-27- 



CTAPT 



IIEPE.ZtfWA HAHHHX 3AIIHCH EflHHHUH CEKTOPA, 

HMEDDJHX KOR C HdlPABJIEHHEM OHIHEOK , L_,ST10 
nPHCOEflHHEHHtia K HHM, CXEME C03MHHH 4AHHHX 



CWHTHBAHHE CIIHCKA nEPBHMHHX flEMKTOB H CIIHCKA 
BTOPIWHUX flESEKTOB, 3AIIIiCAHHBIX B 6BJIACTH 
YpABJIEHHH 3AMEHOH OIITH^ECKOrO flHCKA, 
3AIIHC& HX B IIAMHTb OIIPEflEJIEHHE H 3AlIHCI> 
HOMEPA *H3IWECK0r0 CEKTOPA (q E PE3 iZSJl] 
nEPBJWHHH flESEKTHbBt CEKTOP OCYIKECTBJIEH CilBHr) 
KASWOro CEKTOPA flJIH ECC BJIOKA: j 
HA OCHOBE CIIHCKA nEPBJWHHX flE*EKTOB 



|bpau(ehhe onTHqECKoro ahcka co ckopoctbh 

BPAflEHHJI, COOTBETCTByMmEH 30HE, B K0T0P08^ST1 2 
COflBPXHTCH ECC BJIOK, KOTOPMB 3AIIHCBlBAETCg 



3AHHC& AAHHUX EflHHHUH CEKTOPA (IIPOUECC 
|3AMEHH nYTEM CflBHrA ) KAXflHft PA3 I 
HOMEP SHSH^ECKOrO CEKTOPA COOTBETCTBYiET^ 
1 3AMHH0MY HOMEPY $H3HqECKOrO CEKTOPA | 



7J 
C 




3 



^KACCETA OTKPMBAJIACb , no 
KPAHHEfl MEPE, 



OIIPEflEJIEHHE , 



ST16 

mo npoqEcc 



CMHTHBAHHE flAHHHX OTfl 



,ST17 , N 1 * nPOBEPKH MHHBIX 
LlIHCH HE | 



KAXflOrO CEKTOPA ECC 



BJIOKA JIBJIHETCH HEOEXOflHMHM 
1 | • 

H OKOHMAHHE I1POUECCA 3AIIHCH JH 



-28- 



1 



^ BOdlPOHSBEflEHHE HOMEPOB 4H3ireECKOrO 
CEKTOPA , 3AIIHCAHHHX B tJACTSX 3AT0JIOBKA CEKTOPOB, B K^Om^ 
nPOHCXOflHJIA OIIEPAKHS 3AITCCH H flEMOflYJISIWH , H B0CTIP0H3BE4EHHE B 



nOJIHX AAHHHX CEKTOPOB 

I OHPEflEJIEHHE HAJHWHH BTOPOTHOrO 
J5[E*EKTA H OnPEflEJIEHHE ErO, y BJUI 
JIHHESHOrO nPOUECCA 3AMEHBI — - 



^ST19 



JiHHEaHBia npoqEcc 3amehm [ -^ST2Q 

. KOPPEKIJHH H 3MlHCb HOMEPA 



*H3HqECKOrO CEKTOPA {AflPECA AE*EKTHOrO BJIOKA) nEPBOrO CEKTOPA 
flE*EKTHOrO BJIOKA H HOMEPA *H3HHECKOro CEKTOPA (A^PECA BJIOKA 
3AMEHH) nEPBOro CEKTOPA ECC BJIOKA 3AMEHBI B CHHCKE BTOPHHHMX^ 
flESEKTOB IIAMJITH H OKOHMAHHE OIIEPAUHH 3AIIHCH MHHHX I 



L 



C_KOHEii ^ 



c *Hr. 20 ^ 



O