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?rT?I TTC^U SRTTH^ ST^tft | 

L.B.S. National Academy of Administration g 




Accession hlo._ 

Class Ao. 

Book No. 










Revised bv 


Revised and enlarged by 




A portion of this book has been printed on Concessional paper made available by the 
Govrnment of India. 

First Edition : 1932 

Second Edition : 1938 

Copyright strictly reserved by the successor of the author 

Marketed by : 

LBS Publication G. N. B. Road, Ambari : Guwahati 

Price : Rapees Seventy only 

Publis.,jj by Khagendra Narayan Dutta Barooah, Guwahati, Assam and Printed by 
Sreeguru Press, Maligaon : Guwahati 

Late Buddhindra Nath Dilihial Bhattacharyya 

The author of the Dictionary was born at Singia Potani Village, Nowgong, 
October, 1865, his father being Dharmadatta of an orthodox Brahmin family— 
agentleman with a good reputation in the district. Rai Bahadur Gunabhiram 
got him admitted into the Nowgong Government High School and having 
passed the Entrance Examination in 1885, he entered a Calcutta College where 
Rai Bahadur Radhakanta Handique and Satyanath Bora were among his nota- 
ble companions. He had a brilliant career in the College ; but owin to indigent 
circumstances, he was compelled to leave it after completing the F.A. course of 
the Calcutta University and became a school muster at Jorhat Goverment High 
School. Luckily, he got an appointment in the Jorhat Court as Criminal Peskar 
from which he was in due course, promoted to be the Head Clerk of the 
Deputy Commissioner’s Office. After retirement from Government service, he 
opened a tea estate at Barpathar, which is now a flourishing concern He had 
been to England in 1902 as Private Secretary to Rai Bahadur Jagannath Barooah 
who was invited to attend the Coronation Ceremony of Edward the Seventh. 
In 1924, he was appointed to work as a Valuer of Golaghat Municipality and 
on March 5, 1945, he died leaving behind him a big family to mourn. 

The Chief of Buddhindra Bhattacharyya’s w ritings are his various essays 
and arricles in the Assam Hitaishi, Books on Problems of the Hindu Society ; 
Ramani Gabharu and Chitrangada Milan — two dramas, Chengeli Gaonburha 
in instructive farce on the co-operative business, Hindu Dharmar Vaignanik 
Tatta — a scientific analysis of the Hindu religion ; Bilat Jatra — a voyage to 
England and specially the book at hand — his life blood — the best — Anglo- 
Assamese vocabulary. 

Hail pioneer Buddhindra Nath Bhattacharyya ! 


Born 1865] 

B. N. Bhatiacharyya 

[ Died 1945 


T he want of an English to Assamecc Dictionary has long been felt by the 
Assemsee Students, as well as by the literate public in the province. As a conse- 
quence of this they are obliged to resort to Dictionaries in other languages to 
the detriment of their ow . terature. The publication of the Hema-Kosha, the 
Assamese to English Dictionary, through the good gjace of the most popular 
officer, the Hon’ble Col.P.R.T. Gurdon, T A. in 1900, has given a new impetus 
to the Assamese literature and proved itself to be the sheet- anchorof the 
Assamese language. Since then, with the introduction of Assamese into the 
University Examinations, the want of a Dictionary of this type has been more 
and more felt and those who are entrusted v/ith the education of the children 
of the soil must have realised the difficulty of translating into Assamese the 
English words and phrases in the absence of a reference book of the kind. 
With a view to remove this longfelt want the author was deiermind to devote 
his spare moments to the task, avid by the grace of God, he has now been able 
to submit the work, after a labour of about five years, to the candid judgment 
of the generous public, ft will highly recompense his labour and will be a 
source of gratification to him if the book proves to be a useful addition to the 
Assamese literature. 

The author has carefully avoided as far as possible the free use of Sanskiit 
words in the Dictionary, and he has no hesitation in saying that the Dictionary 
being the first of its kind in the province, has not been as complete as it could 
be desired, but he hopes that with the help and co-operation of the educated 
public it will be possfble for him in no time to bring the book into a perfect 
condition. He will be highly obliged to any gentleman who will be pleased to 
point out to him the defects in the dictionary and assist him with suggest and 
advice for its improvement. 

Some hints on Assamese Grammar have been inserted in the book for the 
convenience of the foreigners to learn Assamese. 

Dated Jorhat 

the 14th October, 1931 B. N. Dilihial Bhattacharyya 


It is gratifying to note that the first edition of the book was well received 
by those for whom it was intended. Through their indulgence the Editor has 
now been able to issue its second edition with certain addition and alterations 
called for specific progress of the day, as well as by various lexiography in 
compilin the book the Editor often consulted, above all others, the Chamber’s 
Twentieth Century Dictionary as the best guide in every respect. The Editor 
is highly thankful to Srijut Gangadhar Barkataki, the proprietor of the Annada 
Printing House, for his prompt compliance to lake up the job by surmounting 
all the drawbacks. 

Dated Jorhat 
the 1st April, 1938 

B. N. Dilihial Bhattacharyya 


Late B. N. Bhattacharyya's Anglo-Assatnese-Pronouncing Dictionary was 
out of print for the last several years. The book is highly spoken of by eminent 
scholars and is in demand by students of Enghsh Literature. Many are even 
inclined to say that the book is superior to many other existing dictionaries of 
the kind so far as their rcquirmentis are concerned. 

Although the publication of a book of this size is more costly, that what a 
publishing agency can take up without some disadvantage to it J, at the request 
of the heirs to late Bhattacharyya, have undertaken the task to meet the public 
demand by way of doing some service to those for whom the book is intended. 

In this edition many new words and phrases have been incorporated in the 
book at their proper places and constitutional and scientific terms with their 
equivalents in Assamese as accepted by different committees appointed by the 
Government of India from time to time and also the table of measures as 
adopted by the Republic have been appended to the book in the form of 
appendices. ACaihematical symbols and Greek Alphabets have also been inclu- 
ded in the book. In fine, 1 have to than, Sri R. K. Mahanta, M a Lecturer in 
English, Cotton College, Guwahati, and Sri Benudhar Sharma, Ex-president, 
Assam Sahitya Sabha, for revising the whole book. Sri Mahanta has done the 
proof reading as far as practicable in the midst of his heavy duties. He has 
endeared himself to me by his selfless work as my own son and I pray to God 
for his long life and prosperity. 

I only hope the book will be found to be useful by the reading public. 

Guwahati Bichitra Narayan Dutta Barooah 

15.3.62 Lawyeyr’s Book Stall, Guwahati 


It is a pleasure to note that the 3rd edition of this dictionary has gone out 
of print within such a short period. This fact alone justifies our belief that late 
B N. Bhattacharyya’s work still commands the unstinted respect and confi- 
dence of almost all Anglophiles in Assam It is because the book stands on 
the solid granits quaytli. We trust that the students of Assam can illa-flbrd to 
dispense with this ready-reference from their desks. 

We have taken this opportunity to get the whole book revised by Sri 
Mahendra Bora, M a.. Principal, Goalpara College. Wc are vr ry thankful 
to him that he readily agreed ti> do that. In fact, he has not only revised the 
whole book very sincerely, but also did a fine job of enlarging its size. He has 
polished the prononciation, straightened up the meaning, added other mean- 
ings of some words so as to cover up all the nuances and corrected certain 
meaning-content in the light of recent research in the field of lexicography. 
There were certain words though such words were too few, which were mis- 
placed in the alphabetical order. He has cushioned them in the proper places. 
Besides, he has incorporated into the main body of the book altogether 489 
new words. After all, English is a dynamic language, with a tremendous 
capacity for absorpton. Yet, he has incorporated only such words which ought 
to be within the mental ken of a student Further, he has also prepared a 
glossary of scintiSc terms, which he does not claim to be entirely exhaustive. 
But we are confident that it would go a long way to satisfy the demand of 
our student community. We must admire his painst^^king revision, though he 
is head-long deep in his other tasks and responsibilites 

Lastly, we must inform our customers that the book has grown its size in 
this edition. Besides, we have also taken a great care to improve the quality 
of paper and printing. Yet, we refrain from raising its price, so that it mav 

not be out of everybody's reacli. After all, late Bhattacharyya took so much 
pain in making this book only to help our not-too-rich students. May his 
great soul rest in peace ! 

We crave the indulgence of our readers to make an appial that if any 
suggestion which they may feel to offer for its future improvement should 
kindly be communicated to us. 

Guwahti B. N. Dutta Barooah, B.L. 

1st March, 1960 Proprietor, Lawyer’s Book Stall, 

Panbazar, Guwahti. 


It is a pleasure to note that the fourth edition has gone out of print 
within a short period. In this edition to improve tiie quality 28Ibs paper has 
been used. Still now the price h is not been increased for the interest of the 
students at large, though various cost of printing, etc., has increased. 

Guwahti, B. N. Dutta Barooah, B.L., 

21st July, 1965 Proprietor, Lawyer's Book Stall. 


It is a pleasure to note that the filth edition has gone out of print within 
a short period. In spite of the various rise o’ costs, such as printing, binding, 
price of paper, transhipment charges, for the interest of the students at large 
the price has not been increased. 

i offer gratitude to the Guardians and students. 

B. N. Dutta Barooah, 


It is a pleasure to note that the sixth edition has gone out of print within 
a very short time. In spite of the rise of costs, such as printing, binding, 
price of paper, transhipment charges, for the interest of the students at large, 
the price has not been increased. 

I offer gratitude to the guardians and students. 

Guwhati, IstApril, 1969 B. N, Dutta Barooah, 

An Excuse 

On account of the rise of the prices of paper and various kinds ofexpenses, 
su:h as printing, binding and transhipment from Calcutta, we have been 
compelled to increase the price to Rs. 16/- against our will and beg to be 

Panbazar, Guwahati-1, 24thJune, B. N. Dutta Barooah, 


We regret the delay in bringing out the ninth edition of the present work. 
This has been due to the fluctuation of the paper market. The price too has 
been increased to Rs. 26/- for the same reason. 

Panbazar, Guwahati-1, 1st August, 1975 K. N. Dutta Barooah. 


We regret the delay in bringing out the tenth edition of the present work- 
This has been due to the fluctuation of the paper market. The price too has 
been increased to Rs. 70/- for the same reason. 

Ambari, Guwahati, 6/9/82. K. N. Dutta Barooah. 


a or adj. »= adjective 

abbreviation, abbreviated. 
ad , adv. » adverb. 

aJg. algebra, algebraical, algebraically. 

ar. = article. 

arith. = arithmetic. 

astr. ^ astronomy. 

astrol. “astrology. 

astron. =* astronomy. 


bot. “botany, 
c. “Circa, 

cal or colloq. “ colloquial, colloquially. 

€om. “Comparative. 

con “Conjunction. 

contr —contraction, 

corrwpr. —corruption, corrupted. 

def. ar. — definite article. 

— diminutive, 
eg.,— as for example. 

Electr —electricity. 

Eng — fnglish. 

€S p — especially. 

fern. — feminine. 

fig. — figurative, figuratively. 

geog. -geography, geographical, geographically 

gram -grammar, grammatical, grammatically, 

i,e. — that is. 

indef nr -indefinite article. 
inf — 'nfinitive. 
i«/., !«//. — interjection. 
intr —intransitive. 
lit -literal, literally. 
mas^ =« masculine. 

math, — mathematics, mathematical, 

myth, - mythology, mythological. 
n «=noun. 

ns, — nouns 

opp. — opposite. 

orig. — originally. 

pa. - participle adjective. 

part, — participle. 

phon, — phonetics. 

pi. — plural. 

poss, a. — possessive adjective. 
p. p. — past participle. 
pr. — pronoun. 

pr. -present participle adjective. 
p. a. - past participle adjective, 
jp. flj. -participle adjectives. 
pred. adj. — predicative adjective. 
prej. — prefix. 
prep. — preposition. 

— present. 

Prob. - probably, 

Fron. - pronoun. 

Pr. p. - present participle. 

Pr, I. - present tense. 
p. t ^ past tense. 

R. C.— Roman Catholic. 

S. - South. 

^ans. - Sanskrit. 

Sim. - Similarly. 

- singular. 
suffl - suffix. 
sup. — superlative, 
jyn. - synonym, 
tr. — transitive. 

V. aux. - verb auxiliary. 

V. I. —verb intransitive, 

V. i7. — verb transitive. 

V. I. & t. — verb intransitive and transitive. 
viz. — namely. 

V n.- verbal noun 

V. t. & i. - verb transitive and intransitive. 

1st person 

Sing. 37 ^ ?r«r [ I go ] 

[1 1 

Verb ^r=to go 
Present tense 
2nd person 

vnr [ you go ] 

Piur. WlP* [ we go ] ZWNt^ 

wrz^rz^T^ vm 

J you go ] 

1st person 

Sing, 'i^fZWf 

[ I have gone ] 

PI. wrf^ l^rwf 

[ we have gone ]. 


[ I went J. 

PI. wtftr 

[ we went ] 

Present perfect 
2nd person 


[ you have gone 

Past tense 
^f37 f 


[ you went ] 

Sing, 5)r^/, 

[ mai gaichilo 1 
= I had gone 
= I had gone 

Past perfect 
[ tumi gaichila ] 


( apuni gaichil ) 

( tai gaichili ); 
=you had gone 

3rd person 

f Z^^^ 
i =he goes. 

I TO®* wrv 

= he goes. 


= he goes. 

= she goes 

z^tc^r Tfir 

= that goes 

this goes. 

I- vn 


in plur I there are no changes. 

3rd person 

Z^Z^IS, TO®* 
/% etc. '1‘^Z^ 
= has gone. 

USZ^y TO®* 
etc. / 

= he went. 

TO?^ [ tckhet ] 
[ CS\§ tcou ) 

/5r ( shi ) 

Wt^ ( tai )\ 

( ci ) 3 



[ J] 

1st person 

PI. Wtfk ; 


2nd person 

C^tWtZWt^ ; 


WtZ^tWtZWt^ } Ivf^ 


3rd Person 

cszws ^ 


'Z^fw^ 1 

Sing. 37 ^ TTtW ( mai jam ) 

= I shall go 

Future tense 

Verb 3^/=to go. 


= you shall go. 

:^\§ wTw, wtw, 

c^\§ wtw, fw wrw, 

wtw, VTW = he or 

she shall go. 

PL ^Tfk 

= we shall go 

Z^TWTZ^T^ wr^l ; 



TTtf^ssyou will go. 

z^'Sz^r^, cszw^ 


= they will go. 

1st Person 

Sing, wfw Tt\i 
= If I go 

Subjunctire mood 

Present tense. 

V«rb W1 — to go. 

2nd person 

wfw ZVW i 

wfw wt'^fw Wf?l, 
wfk ^ if >ou go 

3rd person 

rs\§, z^zw^, fw, 
wfff mtf 

= If he or she gose. 

PL wfw Wtf^ WPS 

*» If we go 

wfw z^stwfz^^ cwtwi, 
wfw wTzwMtw^^ wrw, 
wfw = lf you go 

wfw z^s*z^pp, 

-If they go. 

Sing, wfw ^ZW! 

ZWZ^ } 


= Tf T had gone 

Past perfect 

wlw ^ wwi zwcs^ > 

- tffv zwtwi WZW f 
^%fw wfw ZWZ^W f 

wfw ^ ’rfw z^zm ; 

ZWtWl WZ^ 

= If you had gone. 

Z^S, Z^*P5, fW, 
z^s^ z^r^ zTtwi wzw, 
z^s z^t^ wfw zwcsw 
etc. - If he or they 
had gone. 


Imperative mood 

Present tense 

Fuinre tense 

2nd person 


; ( honorific ) 

; ( less honorific ) 

^7/ ; ( contemptuous ) 

= you go 

wf^ vr^ ; 
wr^i ; 
vrf^ ; 

=-you will go. 

„ Plu. 

z^tzw^ ; 

; ( same as in singular ) 


z^srsrrz^r^ i 


3rd person 


t honorific ) 

( less honorific ) 

( contemptuous ) 

^ ( Do ) m9^ 

<S9 ( less honorific mas. or fern ) 

( con tern ptus fcm. ) 

^ t Do ) 

- Let fiim go. 

= Let him go. 

Plu. Mas. 

j Z^9Z^P^ „ j 

„ j 

” f* =Lethergo 

„ I 

,, Fern. 

1 (U^'vi „ ' 

Example of verbs 

undergoing changes in different persons and tenses. 

Present tense 

less honorific 

1st person ar^ 

2nd person 

3rd person Z^ , 

Verbs :-»f ( take ) + 9 -^^9 

+mi --zwt^ 


W ( wait )+^»* 



V ( keep ) + lF 

+ 9wl-=zm 


^ (hold)+W-^:^ 

4-wy= w 

( do )+ 

+ Wt = WW1 

vy ( eat ) + 9=-vr9 


+ 17-^ 

Wi ( go )4.»»arr« 

+w = rv/vy 


*rr ( geti+w»*rf»* 



Ist Person 

2nd Person 

3rd person 

( take away ) + ® = fs 7 j 

+ tS = f^ZT} 

C¥ ( give ) + ^-pf\§ 


+ (£l^fwZW 

WW ( die ) + \S = -s[Z^ 

+ ^ = ;7^/ 

4-c«7 = 2V2'^ 

C*ri ( sleep )-\-\§ = c^r\3 


W/^ ( roine = 


4-c5 = «7y2:'^ 

( stuy )+\s=<y/r^y 


( cry )Jr^ = ^rz^l 

+ ^r=^]ri?^/ 


Present tense 

less honorific 

+ '^z^=1^zw 

+ „4-?^ 

]st person 

2nd person 

3rd person 

VerbSo" — <y + = ^fifZW! 

+ ^^7 = (fw 

4-^T^ = <^^^' 

4- „=^r^z^ 

4- ,, = <jf^ZW 

'V/+ = 

4- „ = 

4- „ = nft^z^ 

+ „=?7fy 

4- ,, = ^7:^ 

+ „=’rr^^ 

4- „^nr^zw 



4- ,,^f^Zk 


4-^7 = 

4- ,, = fffC^ 


4- „ = ^fwz^ 


+ v='2^^ 

4 „ = 5’|r^ 


4* ,,— wy/^^y 

4- „ = W]rf^Tf 

4- „ = 

4- ,,=i^f^:z-^ 

~<^PW + ,, = ^tpffZWl 

4- „=?5yf%^ 

4- ,y=^ff^ZW 

* The verb ^ is transformed into Z‘^ in all other tenses 

except in present 

and future. 

Past tense 

less honorihe 

1st Person 

2w^/ Person 

3rd person Cs\§ 

Verbs + C^y = 

4-C^ — 

^ + ,,WZ<=^1 


4-cf = ^c7 



4-c<7 = ^r^ 

-f- 5f ^ = 5)r5f 





-k- yy-fkz^r 






L M] 

1st person 

2fid person 

3rd person 

4“^^/ = 

4-^^= ^rfk^ 




Past tense 

less honorific 

Verbs : 1st per. 

2nd per. 

.^rd per. 

^ 4- 

4-^/^of / = 

W „ = 

, , = 

. . = ^wfwz^ 

.. =wfwfwz^ 

^ =^r^f^z^r 

" = 9frpf^^r 


,, =t-’7r^<nr 

4 - = Nf^z^ 

4- fkzm = 

-4- = firf^-s^y 

,., = fwf^z^ 

cw „ ^fwf^zwr 

^ , = fwfwwr 

„ =firfkzw 

+ tHfzwr = ^fwfmz^ 

4 - ^f»wr « wtfkfw-<^t 

-]-f^w =-srtfwz^ 

c*rr .,, ='js^f9zwr 

,, = 

wr^ ^ =wrf^wr 


i?rt^ ,, =9ftf^fkzm 


,, ^wnPwf^zm 

Future tense 

less honorific 

1st per. 

2nd per. 

3rd per. 


<y ^ 



+ ^= 


,, =-wr<r 

•^r „“*rr3v 

,, =-Ar=?r 

cw „ - f^ 

„ “ 


-4-%^]r = a7-/^^r 


c-r/ 4-37 ’ -'537 






For honorific and contemptuous forms of the second and third persons 
see verb given above. 


Negative prefixes 

I Assames ( not ) is the negative prefix used before verbs, and 
wy, W, fk" are the prefixes used before adjectives and nouns as in 
Sanskrit. The verbs undergo changes in the negative according to the vowel 
sound of the first letter of the word unless it be a consonant having the 
sound of *"37/” in which case it changes into or / 


















less ho- 



less ho- 













( take ) 

57 4- cf = s7if(don'ttake) 


57 ^?/ 




( kcet ) 





W ( wait ) 


= 7^37 


( do ) 


57 ^^ 


( cat ) 










*rf( get) 




( grind > 








i drink ) 








C=r( take away) 








Cff ( give ) 







( sleap ) 




c^rcrtjf I 




( wash ) 







( strain ) 







ewr ( throw ), 






( hear ) 


( stab ) 






C«vr& ( peek ) 





( stay ) : 






^ ( can ) 






Wf^ ( have ) 

^ 7 ^ 

= 77 ^ 

= 77 ^ 

(come ) 














♦Some grammarians, with a view to make the negative inflexions uniform, 
use the Bengali verbs and for Assamese and ''c’f” which arc 
derived from Sanskrit and ^W1'* i is the Assamese prefix for the 

Bengali J 



It rains=^^*y l (barashun aniche ) 

lthails=f^ I ( shil parichc ) 

The weather is cloudy = 

( batarto daoria ) 

He is sleeping in hjs room = c®iy 1 Z^tip3 
I ( teou teour kothat sun ache ) 
Who are you = wr%fw or ? 

( apuni, or tumi kon ) 

Come in please — m^1 
or I ( anugrah kari bhitaralai ahan, 

or ahak ) 

What can 1 do for you ? = 

^ftZ^l ? ( aponar hake mai ki 

kariba paro ? ) 

Man is mortal =^7/^ I 

( manuh maranshil ) 

Tiger kills man = ^r^ ^fZ^ / 

( baghe manucb mare ) 

Birds lay eggs = 5^^/T*T]T^ ^zw i 
( charai biiake kani pare ) 

Man eats fish « ¥3^ i 
( manuhe mach khai ) 

Go away = '»/^ ( guchi joa ) 

He is a gentleman = / 

( teou ajan bhal manuh ) 

Is he a gentleman (Si^ Wt^ ¥)^ Z^ 

( teou ajan bhal manuh ne ? ) 

1 am in need of it = a?^7^ ZWPW i 
( aito mor darkar ) 

He has gone»=t\5\sr or ^^515* i 
( teon gaiche or teou gol ) 

Hc has gone=r^\S* Z^ ? ( teou gol ne ) 

I want it = cfl^C^ ZNt^ WtZV I 
I have it = (fl^7 Z^T^ ^TZ^ I 
Do you want or require it = a?|r^ Z'^T^ 
Wfznz^ T 

Man sleep « ¥7^ V*rtZ9 I ( manuh shoe ) 

Money fetches money / 

( dhane dhank ane ) 

Money is the root of all evils = ¥¥ ^^Z^ 

^ I ( dhan shakalo anistar moal ) 

Where do you stay ? = w7^f¥ f 

( apuni kot thake ) 

1 would have gone to India if I had got 
money = ¥^ ^7 ^Z'^1 

ZWZ^^ ( mai taka poa-hale Bharatbarshalai 
galo heten. ) 

He cannot earn more than 400/- a month = 
¥)T^ 8oo,3rfk^hp z^f5 z^urtzwj 

( teou mahe charishatki besi arjiba 
noara ) 

Dear Sir, I am glad to receive your letter = 
ftSfJl ¥ ( or f£fW ) ¥^ 

fbfi I ( pria mahasai ! 

( or pria dangaria ) mai aponar chithi pai 
sukhi haicho. ) 

Keep it on the table = ®*y¥® ¥7^7 ¥7 

Z^W / ( mejar oparat rakha or thoa ) 

If you come 1 may go — ^f¥ '^Tf^Z^ ¥^ ¥7¥ 
¥72¥7 / ( tumi ahile mai jaba paro ) 

The tree connot be cut with the axe=s¥^- 
ZWt^l fitz^z^ z^t^tfw / (gasjopa 

kutharere katiba noari ) 

That can be done by man = ¥7:[¥¥ ¥7¥7^ 
Z>f^Z^ ¥/¥¥ *77/% / ( manuhar dwarai aeito 
kanda pari ) 

I do not want = r¥7¥ Z^^KV ( mok nelage ) 

I have no want=r¥7¥ WW7¥ ¥/% ( mor abhab 
nai > 

Give me abook=r¥7¥ iSBt f%®7*7 fwnt / 
(^mok eta kitap dia) 

How many sons you have got=r®7¥7¥ «f¥7 
r¥^&7 ? ( tomar loro keita ache ? ) 

What do you want=OT¥7¥^ /% WtZ'n ? 
tomak ki lage 1) 

Shut the door behind you=r¥7¥7¥7¥ *7T5^ 
^¥7¥^¥ W*77^ W7¥7 / [ somoar pachat 

duarkhan japai aha ] 

He is ill ¥ ^¥7¥ / ( teour bemar ) 

God bless you»=^¥^¥ Z^sPTt^ ¥¥^ ¥¥^ 
(^Ishwarc tomar mongal karak.^ 



[ ak ] I dui ] 









[ chari ] 

[pach J 

[ chai J 

[ sat I 




B. N. Bhattacharyya 



Anglo— Assamese Dictionary 

A ( ^’ ) tiir fiisi Idler in English 

alphabet. Ii is a broken down form of 
‘an’ used bel'ore words lieginning with 
the sound of a ( onsonant 

I — ( indt'f. art. ) any, one, a 

man^il^l Tt^9, a worm C'^\^ \ 

on, into ?1 to ^ f sffa ; a 

year = on year i 

Aback ( ) adv. backward nl55Pt»l^n^1 I 

Taken aback “taken l)y surprise 

Abaction ( ) n. ilie stealing of a 

number of ealtle at a time 
^J’9 r*l'91 t 

Abacus ( ) ». .i couniing frame 

Abaddon ( hell ^4 ; the devil 


Abaft ( ) adv. toward the stern, 

behind i 

Abandon ( ) v. t. to give up, to 

forsake wholly C«f, i 

Abandoned adj. given up, as to a vice ; very 
wicked t 

Abandonment ti. state of Ixdng given up vflsH 
; self-surrender ; free- 
dom of manner I 

Abase ( ) v. t. to Itring low 

^S|1 ; to humble sit'W ; to degrade 

I — ment «. humiliation 

Abash ( ) r. /, to confuse with shame 
•STl Sr® ?il. q}5r I 

ed fm. p. ( witli at or by i 9Tt«f^ C^F 


Abate ( -ii v. t. to lessen, to reduce in 

amount “TfSTT-tt? I — v. i. to grow less 
"<1^5??; fl5?H, yf^l I — ment n. decrease 
; > 1^1 1 

Abbattoir ( ) n. a public slaughter 

house ^Ftt^rf^ll I 

Abbess ( ij^-iJF" ) n. the head woman of a 
nunnery l 

( masc. Abbot ). 

Abbey ( ) n. the church attached to 

a monastery ^atf5t ; 

C>rt I 

Abbreviate ( ) v. t. to shorten, 

to abridge ^R? i — ation n. 

contraction \ 

Abdicate ( ) v. t. formally to give 

up an olhce (?f I 

Abdomen ( ) n. the lower part of 

the belly i — adj. abdominal. 

Abducent ( ) adj. drawing back or 

pull away >r5rfF^, C^tF ; 

abducent muscle. 

Abduct ( ) V. t. to carry a person by 
fraud or force <d41H Tl W9\ ^1% ( «rT^ ) 


Abduction ( ) n. 



[ 2 J 


Abecedarian ( ) adj. 

I a, b, c, d, — vilt '»rf<r^ 


Abed adv. in bed, on the bed 


Aberrant ( ) adj. n«r^ ♦r^l 

; ?nf^3F5r, abnormal ; 
straying from the natural type. 

Aberration ( ) n. deviation from the 

right path *f«f Tl «»|5T ; 

; c*r«rf^ 

c^Tc^n tit > 

Abet ( ) V. t. to incite or aid ( used in 

a bad sense ) ^*W1 

T1 ^ I — ment n. c?ii1 >1^T? 


Abettor n. c^^J^ Tl 

Abeyance ( vur^’r^^" ) n. suspension 

Abhor 0 . t. to dislike ; to detest '<1^1 ; 

f^n^, C^T5 «n i—rence n. 

fwi«l I —rent adj, detesting i 

Abide ( ) v. i. to stay or dwell in a 

place «rt^ t — V. L to tolerate >[f5 

«rr^, ( with ) I 

Abiding adj. lasting ; continual ; ’T'ftn 
«t^1, I 

Abigail ( <4r^5t’^^ ) n. 

-«>rr5f^ f^UI I 

Ability ( ) n. power ; skill ; 

^<fT I Abilities = powers of the mind 
>rf5Rf5T^ I 

Abiogenesis ( ) n. 
w1?r»T'sn ars^JT i 

Abject ( ) adj, mean, worthless 
5ft^ ; ^3p*t«n I 

/' hju're ( ) V. t. to renounce upon 

oath, to repudiate »rn«f ’«rf^ ’^rtt 

ft ^ I I 

Abkarl ( ) n. or adj. il?, mw, 
fsj^TT^ Tl ^ I 

Ablative ( -xra'l^^ ) adj. t 

Ablation i W tilt 

Q^Z^Vil I 

Able ( *1)^ ) adj. having strength or means 
; C^tr=?1 N'TF, ntt^ I 

~bly adj. f^^«l ^tr?r » 

Ablaze ( ) adj. in a blaze or on fire 

Ablution ( ) n. the act of washing 

Abnegate ( ) v. t. to renounce 

J Self-abnegafion=^t^^}t^ ; C^Tr^n 

Abnormal ( oQ^Jtc^s^ ) adj. irregular ’5i5^t<ft^<l, 

; isitc®rt«r1 » 

Aboard ( ) adj. in a ship or a boat 

>Wl^t«r^ I When he went aboard— 

tfe®l I 

Abode ( ) n. dwelling place «|?P1 itt ; 

Abolish ( ) V. t. to make void, to put 

an end to i 

Abolition ( ) n. the act of abolishing 

A>Bomb C^t^l ' 

Abominate ( <iJ-5’f^C5T| ) v. t. to hate bitterly 
f^'l I 

Abominable ( ) adj. hateful i 

— ation n. ^ « 

Aboriginal ( ) adj. first ; primitive 

Aborigines ( ) n. ; 


i ?ll ) I 

Abortion ( ) n. W’JT, ; 


Abortive ( ) adj. unsuccessful ; pre- 
mature ^1^ • 

Aboond t 

Abound v. i. to be in plenty «rt^ ^ ^ 

( with preposition in or with ) 'e»f5‘-'*n 
About prepo. around ; near to ; concerning 


ary you about? 'jffsr ^tn ? 

Have you got a rupee about you ? 

>65^^ i>t^1 ? About to die=:^‘src^ 

; About three rupees =f«5T 


Above prepo. ; Above board 

C'^tsTl ; \ 

Abracadabra ( ) ft. 

^js ; 'fi #t’N ^ wt^Ti c^rrr^ 


Abrade 2 ;. t. to rub off ; to grate 
f^Tt I 

Abrasion ( ) n. 

9r\t 51911 %^, » 

Abreast ( viir3’^" ) adv. side by side, •Tt'^‘‘1tf^, 

Abridge ( cofa?®?' ) v. t. to shorten, to make brief 
5f*Nr’>?’T f —meat 

Abroad ( ) adv. out of doors 

5Tra>G?PlraT ; C^^<S I 

Abrogate ( uoa’Cti^ ) v. t. to repeal 5tt( 

^ ) I — gation ft. 

Abrupt ( *iiaT<^: ) sudden C9l?n Tl 

^ I — ly adv. 

'SiZ^Blz^, I —ness n, 'Ot( ai fVa ; 

C5tai 'srari I 

Abscess ft. I 

Abscond ( ) v. i. to hide one’s self 

^1, I 

Absconder «. one who hides himself *f»Rlal, 
cmai i 

Absence n. being away, what ^TsVfll ; 

'srmvj ; i 

Absent adv. not present « Absent- 

minded I 

0. t. ^ ; IRlftrW^ f I 

] Atisnrd 

Absentee n. one who absents himself f3l 

Absinth ( ) n. vJif^ij c>T ^^11 aw i 

Absolute { 'll ) adj. unlimited ; un- 

alterable ; arbitrary 5^?r ; 

c^uu^ , \ 

— ly adv. completely ; positively ^1*^4- 
afrn ; >iii:^atr^t i 

Absolution n. release ; remission of sins 

^ i 

Absolve ( ) v. t. to set free ; to pardon 

«rt»it5 or ; I 

Absorb ( ) v. t. to suck in ; to engage 

wholly ont?, ctl’i ; 

Absorption n. act of absorbing • 

Abstain v. t. to refrain from ^ ; C^Tf*n 

Abstemious ( ) adj. temperate 

ostsfsr nesa 

ft. C'St^R I — ly adn. 

Abstinent ( ) adj. 

^¥^1 I — nence n. tsrf^r i 

Abstract v. t. to draw from ; to separate 

; afn !(f^ ; ^*1 

I — tion n. absence of mind ; 

W ^5T5^- 

f5’51 ; I 

Abstract ( existing in the 
mind only ( opposite of concrete ) 

c^z^ ( n'Pt ) «it^ 

\ Abstract noun= 
*tw I Abstract number 
^ir ( i, e t^irffr ) I Abstract «. a 
summary >lt3| i 

Abstraction = absence of mind i 

Abstruse ( ) adj. difficult to be 

understood ; nti, i 

Absurd ( 4)^61^ ) adj. unreasonable 

csrrcmrsrtTl, i 



[ 4 ] 

Absurdity n. 

^«n I 

Abundance ( ) v. plenty 

sTRf^sT, 1 

Abundant adj. f^RR, 


Abuse ( ) V. t. to revile ; to illuse 


Abuse ( ) n. i 

— ive adj. i 

Abut ( ) V. i. to bo-der on 

«1^1 I — ment n. ( 

^ZVi ) ?I’\5 «ft^ C»r^ 

Tl C^t ; a lateral support 

ci?t^l I 

Abyss ( ‘Uf^5 ) n. a bottomless depth 

Acacia ( ) n. » 

Academy ( ) n. a school of arts 

and science fjf^l 

?1 esz^ c^?i 

I —demical adj. i 

Acarpous ( ) adj. unfruitful ; 


Accede ( ) v. i. to assent ^’Sr® 

illf% ^ ( with to ) I 

Accelerate ( ) v. t. to hasten, to 

increase the speed of IPC’sr c^ 5T C'^f^ 

3PC^ C^^Ttt ?1 ^»11 ; «R^r?n I — atlon 

n. ?f%' — ative adj. ^ff^r ♦f^l i 

Accent ( iflf ) n. ^tru 

c^tr=ti c's^t^, c^dr^ii 

sen^^ fwTi1 ch^ ^1 cl^'i 

f5iT I —V. t. C^z^ WR c|f1 I 
Accentuate (. ) v. t. 

C^51 ftf I — ation ti. 
C^t^ ^1 ct^l I 

Accept ( ) V. t. to receive ; to agree 

to 5I^«I ^ I — able adj. 

91^ I — ance n. 

\ — ation n. the commonly received 

meaning of a word »Ptf53 7rt<l'f?*l 

— er, —or n. ft 5I5«1 Tl 9i^ i 

Access ( ) Tt. liberty to come to 

^5f'51, «?:?»[ ; approach 
C^n^Itt Ctll3l ; increase i — ible 

adj. 5tftt^ ♦Rl, I —ary, 

— ory n. one who aids to commit a crime 
C*Tl?^^tsi5 ft ft:? ?1 

9t^f^?1 ; anything additional 

?t:w ^ I 

Accession ( ) n. act of coming to 

; increase ?lft, C^sft i 

—to the throne ; 

C25t?n I 

Accident ( ) n. an unforeseen 

event, chance ft? 

t5l^fT3jir^l c^lTl ^t^T, I — dence 

n. ( ?lt?5?eTt5 ) »T^? I —dental 

adj. happening by chance '55?P’?rt^ C^t^Tl, 
5l9Ti?I?1 I —ally 

adv. by chance ft?t<; l 

Acclamation ( ) n. a shout of ap- 
plause ^.ft »i9i5Ttfti ?1 -a»T“N^ I 

Acclaim v. t. ^WZ^ ft?'ft '^, i 

Acclimatise ( 'ii?i'jrt5i:’si&1^W7 ) v. t. to inure to 
a climate 

?>?, ♦ift:?*!? ^rtn 
C9lt?1 I — sation n. ?1 

5T5W I 

Acclivity ( ) n. ascent ( opposite to 

declivity ) 3?:^! vfln^tar ve? ft c?i?l ; 

ft? ?i1? I — vious ( vii^ftft?? ) 

adj. 3)I?^?t^t:? ft? I 

Accolade ( ) n. a ceremony of 

conferring Knighthood ?'t^\5 '35:?t?tt9ir? 

ft?i ft^t 1 

Accommodate ( ) v. t. to furnish or 

supply with conveniences 
^ft?1 ?sft C^, ; to adjust 

?53r, fe?i ?»? I — ing adj. ^ft? i 

— dation n. «f?d? ; compro- 



[ 5 ] 


Accompany ( ) v. t. to go with 
?1 ^1, I — iment n. 

911^5 ^ ; -yrt^T i 

Accomplice ( ) n. an aseociatc in a 

crime C?t^ l 

Accomplish ( ) v. t. to effect, to finish 

entirely C»T^ i — «d 

adj. complete in acquirements refined 
*1^1 ^1 'sitfes I An 

accomplished fact^fe^^tf C^t?n ^«f1, 

I — nient n. graceful acquirement 
««i I 

Accord ( ) V. i. to agree ?, f^®T 

? I — V. t. to grant C? I — n. harmony, 
consent fVar, I Of one’s own accord— 


Accordance n. ( with ) conformity i 

In accordance with - according to 


Accordingly adv. 

Accordion ( ) n. a imisit al instru- 

ment with keyboard on one side 

Accost ( ) V. t. to spi'ak first to, to 

address «t- ^11 

^si I lit? I — able 

adj. easy of access >T^r5f 

; fB^Ttf^ I 

Account n. a counting ; statement 

; value ; sake i 

Account V. t. to reckon f5?t< i — c. i. 

f5Bt5^ CW I To 

render an account f^?t? r^?1 i To settle an 
account f^?t? i Square accounts 

I To open an account 
C'^it^l • To account for ; C^ftcsitst 

f%5t^ Of I On account of 
^^^Z^ t On one’s own account 
t To take into account 
Account current or open account f^^t?[ i 

Account book f^?t^ ' Cash-flcroant 

» Turn circumstances to good 


Accountable adj. liable, answerable ?t?*t {fo^ 
a thing, to a person ) l 

Accountant n. f??t^-^«n i 

Accoutre ( ) v. t. to dress, to furnish 

>itsf y\w\ ( ) I — ments 

n. equipage >Tt^*ft^ ; ' 

Accredit ( ) v. t. to countenance, 

to give credit or honour to 

' To accredit 

with --C 515 W1 Vl 

Accresent ( ) adj. growing, increasing 

c^t'^n I 

— cense n. • 

Accretion { n. continuous growth, 

external addition ^*51 


Accrue ( 33?; ) v. i- to a^ise, to grow 

The interest which 
accrues to the creditor amounts to Rs. 400 

BOOv,^ §^*'1 ' 

Accunibcnt ( ) adj. to lean, recline 

towards or against fw 

«[^1 i 

Accumulate ( f t;o amass WSl1 

C^1S1 ' — V. i. to increase 
«r1, ^1 Arrears have accumulated 

?'?[ *1^ '^Z'^ >1^^ ' 

— tion n. a{n, 1 

Accuracy ( ) n. exactness 


Accurate ( ) adj. without errors, 

done with care ^ > 

— ly adv. I 

Accurse ( 3^1^ ) v. t. to curse, to doom 
to misery •Tt'e c*f, "tin C? • — cd adj. very 
wicked ' 


Accoiatloii [ 

Accusation ( ) n. the charge of 

a crime 

Accusative n. i 

Accuse ( ) v. t. {of) to bring a 
charge against, to blame CTt^ C?, <R, 

Wt? Of I — able adj. C^tft 
I — ed adj. or n. 
W-STfltil C*flft *«1 
( (0F^af?t4\-C^lt^^t^ ) I —cuser n. 


Accused i 

Accustom ( ) v. t. {to) to make 

familiar by use 'Sf'Sjtvf C^t^1 ^ 

^^1 I He is accustomed to it— C’lt 


Ace ( ) ”• cards or dice 

'8?5f | French 

airman who destroys ten enemy planes— 
•jap^ 5P^1^ C21t?» I 

I The complainant 
will not abate an ace of his claim— 

I Within an ace 

of=.-=fsi(:5t wi^«l I 

Acephalous ( ) adj. without a head 

^ ( isTt? ) I 

Acerbity ( ) n. bitterness, harshness 

c^sfc?«fi$ c^t^, f^^i, c^5ri 

CFt^1 ^*1 ; Tl C^C«ft9l I 
Acervate ( ) adj. to help up vii^'sr 

’5[?t$ C«rt^ ; growing in heaps or 
clusters as certain fungi 
arr^i i 

Acetic ( ), acetous ( ) adj. 

sour C^Z^f\'^^ I — cetify ( air^|?tpt? ) v. t. 
or V. i. cl>«1 ^ C^«1 ? ; pertaining to 

vinegar i 

Acetone ( ) n. a colourless liquid 

solvent JlV9 

^ I 

Acetyline ( ) «. W*11^ ^ 

crt^i c’tp: ( ) « 

6 ] 

Ache ( ) n. a continued pain aic^tCf 

fk^\ —i. e. Head-ache 

; Tooth-ache i 

Achieve ( ) v. t. to perform ; to 

gain ; 

•ft's I — chievable adj. 

*f^1 I — ment n. an exploit, heroic 
deed » 

Achromatic ( ) adj. W c^n?f>r 

f^s1 ; giving light free from colour. 

Acicular ( ) adj. needle-shaped 


Acid ( ) adj. sour i — n. a sour 

substance C^«>1 i — ness u. C^!fc1 '0®l » 
— ulate V. t » — ify v. t. 

C&«1 I — ulous adj. i 

Acidity ( ) n. the quality of being 

sour ; Acidity of the stomach 

Acknowiedginent ( ) ti, admission, 

receipt I 

Acme ( ) n. the highest point ; crisis 


if»t1 ; b'<5) ^511 1 

Aconite ( n. poison 


Acorn n. tlie seed of the oak 

^15 I From a small acorn grows a mighty tree 
=-fstCF^ >XC^UWtnl 

-JT® i^tr, I 

Acosmism ( ) n. • 

Acoustics ( ) n. the science of 

sound I 

Acquaint ( ) v. t. to inform, to 

make familiar ( with with ) C^, 

C^, * — nnce n. y f^- 

C’ll^, f^tr^ \ — ed adj. i 

Acquiesce ( ) v. i. to comply, to 

assent to ( With in ) 5, 

f i — escence ( ) n. silent assent 

i — escent adj. submissive 
Wt»l ^ \ 



[ 7 I 

Acquire ( ) v. t. to gain something, 

to attain m, C<ftWl ^ 

♦n J — ment n. that which is acquired by 
learning or effort Tl ^ 

cnt?i fV^i, t 

Acquisition ( ) n. act of acquiring ; 

the thing acquired 

I — tiveness n. i 

Acquit ( ) V. t. to free, clear, from 

blame ^ C*r, Tl 

«rt31t^ C? 1 He acquitted 

himself weII-^cV'5 %t»l 

Acquittal n. formal release fVst^ 

ntf5 I 

Acquittance ( ) n. a discharge from 
debt ; a receipt in full <M®1 ; irT^ 

I Acquittance roU~*f*^^ f^TTlI 

^fr I 

Acre ( ) n. ^WW 

\ = \5 f^ai C»ltl1 

aftf?=8V8o ?5Tiii?=io I 

Acrid ( 'il bitter, pungent C^W- 

I — ity n. ?[1 

^*1 I 

Acrimony ( vnf^alR ) n. bitterness of feeling 
or language '®«| i 

— monious adj. sharp C5t^1, 

c^1al ; I 

Acrisia ) «• a condition of disease 

which presents no decided symptoms 

from which diagnosis can be made 

c^tr=n c^t^r TMv 

Acrobat ( ) n. a rope dancer 

3t5l C«ir»it?T=^ I — ic 

adj. » 

Acropolis ( vfl3l»‘^f^lF ) n. ; the fortified 

upper part or citadel of a Greek city 


Across ( ) prepo. or adv. from side to 


^t»l, ?r«Ft^rr#bP I ^rrojj the river= 
tnt^^n^l Ornt^t^r I I came across 
him=?it wi^r ♦rt:^ i 

Acrostic ( oQ3l»f%^ ) n. a poem of which the 
first or last letters of the line form a 
name C^t^sil ♦RI Tt?f ^1R 

Ti nt^ cw‘t^traT ‘flti i=rt«r ^ I 


Act V. t. to perform ; to play 

CW I — V. t. to behave, to produce an effect 
^5^, ‘^»T, ^*1 1 To act on or upon c^t 

I To act up to 
I — ing n. act of performing 

I —adj. :yr»jlR ^5t1 ; 


Act n. something done ; division of a play ; 
a law passed by a legislative body ?5t^r ; 
sttN 'Bl^ ; I In act to=^^t»l 

Action ( ) n. a deed ; a battle ; a suit ; 

a law ; gestm’e, behaviour ; 

Tl ^*1 ; ; iU ci^9 ; 

i — able adj. liable to a suit 
Tl *R1 I —Committee 

Active ( ) adj. diligent, busy, practi- 

cal, quick 

C^¥t9T, ^:T!I't‘ifr, 'iimi? C^tC^T^I, 

1 ( I Active 

capitals i Active 

service i Active measures 

Actively adv. in an active manner 

Activity ( vS^R>f«i!» ) n. nimbleness 

Actor n. stage player i 

—tress n. i 

Actual ( ) adj. real, true ^Tt^ST, 

, — jy adv. really 



[ 8 ] 


Actuary ( ) n. a registrar especially 

of an insurance oUkc 

Actuate ( ) r. /. to inllucnce 

“ffl C'«1^ ; motive for aclion 

Acumen ( ) n. quickness of percep- 
tion ^911 *1^1 

*1^1 *1% I 

Acute ( ) adv. sharp, keen 

I —ness n i 

Opposed to — dull, ch ortic, obtuse. 

Adage ( a proverb, an old saving 

Adamant ( ) w. a very hard stone 

7^^ I — ine adj. ex- 

tremely hard 

I Be adamant— stubborn not to 
comply c^t:5Tl I 

c^tw I 

AdamVappIc n. ?1 i —Adam’s 

ale^ntJft I 

Adapt ( ) v. t. to fit, to suit 

I — able adj. 

— ation n. fitness ; 


Add t;. t. to join or put to, to sum up C^I^T 
C*f, ^1*51 

I To add to t To add 

fuel to flame- 

^s\'\ I 

Addendum ( vi)t®''0t‘5{ ) n. anything to be 
added STtC-tr, 

I Plu. Addenda. 

Adder ( ) n. a viper >ftn, 

irrt»r I 

Addict ( ) V. t. to give one’s self up 

to C^^I1 1T5T ; 

^t‘n^ ^^1 I — ed {to) adj. ^51 i — «dness 
or —diction n. ^t^rfv, i 

Addition ( ) n. C^t’f i 

^Pt^rc&l, C3It^ I ~al adj. ^n5p?'l, 

'ons’f^P I 

Addle, Addled ( ii3>5«S; ) adj. puirid 

barren, morbid c^»11 ; C’^C’«liT*l?l1 

( ) I 

Address ( ijirT^’s; ) v. t. to speak or write 
to, to direct to fbfe^33^ 


I To address one's self to a task f^CW 
51 I — ed I 

Address n a speaking to, a speech 

®19|^1 ; skill ; 

direction of a letter ; manners 

'Q'l I — es ( plu ) 

C*19[?1 I 

Adduce ( ) V. t. to bring forward, to 

cite 911 Ctf I ( CTIC^T 5l?tt*l CF ) ; 

Ademption of legacy - i 

Adept ( ) adj. ( in ) proficient 

I — n. a person skilled in any 
art ^n*r® C51t^, i 

Adequate ( ) adj. sufficient,- equal 

U) 9[):9[tf5'®, I — ly adj. 

c^r<1^-CSft9l1?. I — ness,— quacy 

71. c$:t?ftc^i, c^t^iii:-^ i His 

punishment was not adequate. to the 
offence Off^ =1551, 

»nf% =1551 I 

Adhere ( ) v. i. ( with to ) to stick 

to, to remain fixed or firm 5itt% *i5t, 9Pm5i 
9ft^ 1191, ^15^51 XU, ^T&9rrt «R i 
— «nce 71. 5itfii ^1 ; 5i^ c^ptitr^l i 

— ent n. one who adheres ftl 5Ttf^ 
5151^^1, tf51^ TTSft, Tf91^ 5lt^5, 51^1 ; ; 


Adhesion ( ) n. act or state of 

adhering to, steady attachment 5it1% 9|^1 
I — sive ( ) adj. sticky, ad- 
hering to c^xtai, 

5T^T9J ^1 I Ctfr=T adhesive stamp 

5i<Frf^ ♦i ;^1 I opp. impressed 


[ 9 ] 



C*it^^ I — sively adv. 
-'“Siveness n. tenacity 13®! ' 

Ad-hoc ( I 

Ad-interim C^IW1 i 

Adieu ( ) adv. farewell ^*SC^ >1^^ 

C? ! — 71. f^*rt^ I To bid adieu 

f^sri <1 C^1^1 1 f^«ft?r ^1 

f^<R c^1?rf 5?r, — “«t^, 

oQf^?ri «Jlf¥^*’, “^f^i ^1 

Adipose ( ) n. animal fat 'a?^? 

I ~-~adJ. fat ; fatty f>7 | 

^^1 I 

Adjacent ( ) adj. lyitig close to I 

contiguous '65^1- 

'cpf^ ( —ccncy /t. 1 ~Iy ' 

adv. I 

Adjective ( ) n. ; i 

nfi«5TH, f^if, m ^l 

f I — tival adj. 

c^t?1 I I — ly adv. I 

Adjoin ( ) V. i. to lie next to 

I — ing adj. adjacent 

Adjourn ( ) v. t. to postpone 

?t«r, cllrltc^l I 

— ment n. >}5i?r, dtc^1- 

Adjudge ( »i)’$;wtW” ) v. t. to decide judicially 
f^f% ‘f'O, C*f I —judg- 
ment n. sentence ’f’^5, *rlf% I 

Adjudicate ( ) v. t. ^1 v. i. deter- 
mine according to law f^5t^ 

^1^ C*f I 

— cation n. trial or a judicial order 

Adjunct ( ifl^5;wtN%; ) n. something joined 

or added to another 
C^PtCSlI T| 

f^1 ^1 I — ive adj. joining. 

Adjuration ( ) n. act of charging 
on oath I 

Adjure ( ) v. t. to charge solemnly, 

to enjoin earnestly C*r ; C^g^1, C'^t>l1^ 
<ri ^(sT c^tcsfl ^t«riTj ^1 

c^f I 

Adjust ( V. i. to set right, to settle, 

to fit c5*i^t ; cwl 

«!", I — pble adj. n^1, 

<^'<1 I — ment n. settlement, 
arrangement I 

Adjutant ( ) ?i. 

I? I 

Ad litem =:= for a suit 

Administer ( ) v. 1 . or v. i. to 
conduct ; to serv^e ; to impose 

; c'f, c'T^?fl^ c^r ^1 
^5t?rwl I I —ed i ■ 

Administration ( ) n. rule, govern- 

ment, the act of administering 
»rt>15=l, I — trative adj. »Tt>l51^’5r€t^ i 

— trator n. ruler ; one who manages or 
directs »r!7f;i^^j ; 

TRIX, letters of administration ‘-^^1 

ntf^ f^1 i —func- 

tion -a*ft^?r I 

Administrator General i 

Admirable ( ) adj. worthy of being 

highly praised >ff»r^>f5f[?r, 

I — bly adj. 

I surprisingly. 

Admiral ( ) n. chief officer of a 
navy '8«T^t5 

•5^1^ I —ship rz. C^ C^51ln1%^ ^1 5!rt^ I 

— ty n. R^ThJl 3=f^i Tf^i 

I — I 

Admiration ( <iii5;[f^i:55isp^ ) n. wonder, esteem 
»Rt^, I 


C 10 I 


Admire ( ) v. t. to have a high 

opinioa of or regard for ^It^, *f*Tt‘n, 

a*ls^1 I — mirer n. one who 

admires n®TtU^|\5l, ; a lover 

'®t®T I 

Admissibility ( ) n. the quality 
of being admissible ^51 
fift^ I 

Admissible ( ) adj. that may be 

admitted ; allowable 5ft^, 

), 511^ \ 

Admission ( ) n. act of admitting ; 

; anything admitted ; j 

leave to enter l j 

Admit ( ) V. t. [to or into), to allow, to j 

enter C®f ; to acknowledge tw, 

c^t^'^511 ) I 

His ivords do not admit of such a construe- 

C^t^tf^, CSZ^\ I — tance 

n. I —ted pa. p. 

I It is an admitted \ 

- fact=| fr^t^ 515^1 I 

I — tedly adv. i j 

Admixture ( ^ ) n. anything mixed j 

TTt^rfwi^fai, '®~tW I j 

Admonish ( ) v. t. to warn ; to 

advise C«r, W\^m tf ln ; 

C*r, I — ^monition n. a gentle 
reproof ; advice <1^^, I 

I j 

Ado ( iD^’ ) n. trouble, dilficulty, bustle, fuss 

Adolescent ( ) adj. growing to 
manhood I — lescence n. youth 


I ( i>8— ^6 

) I 

Adonis ( ) n. a beautiful youth, a 
dandy C®^1, I 

Adopt ( ) V. t. to choose, to take up »!, 

-51^*1 ; to take a child as one’s own 

C^t9J I — tion n. the act of adopting 

I Adopted 

son cni, C^t 5i^«l I 

Adore ( ) tk t. to worship ; 

to love highly '5!1?^ ^*3rlsT I — rable 
adj. I — ration n. divine 

worship, homage ; deep 

regard I 

Adorn ( ) to deck, to embellish 

f^^t, I --nient n. decoration 

TTtw ; I 

Adrift ( ) adj. or adv. floating at 

random \snf^ ^^I1, I 

Adroit ( ) adj. skilful, dexterous 

I — ly adv. 

I --ness n. ^<cnt5. 


Adulate ( ) v. t. to flatter 

<fr< \ 

—tion n. flattery I 

— tory adj. i 

Adult ( ) adv. grown up I 

— n. a grown-up person 
CiS^t I —suffrage ; I 

Adulterate ( ) v. l. to make corrupt 
by mixing C'f, f't 

I —tion 71. ^f3f R5rh:^l, C^1 

Adultery ( ) n. a violation of the 

marriage-bed i — terer or — teress 

n. ^1 I 

Adumbrate ) v. t. to give a faint 

shadow of c*r^^1 ; to exhibit 

imperfectly C? I 

Advance ( ) v. t. to put forward ^tvf 
Ttb ; to promote C^t^, ^5[f^ 

^5?, C? ; to pay be- 
forehand 9t C? I — V. i. to go for- 
ward ^^*s\ ^ ; to rise 

in rank or value I ~n. 

a going forward C^t?tC^1 ; improve- 
ment ; payment 


t H j 


beforehand I In advance ; 

— ed pa. p. I 

Advantage — ( superiority 

; benefit 

I — tageous adj. useful 
I — tageously adv. l 

To take at advantage of ^ I 

cnt?[l I To 

take advantage of I c»ft?1 i 

Advent — ( ) n. a coming ^tf<- 

4t? ; 8 ^r<?T (^0 

I ) I 

Adventitious ) ad/, accidental, 

additional C^r<li ^1 

coming from williout 
^^1 I 

Adventure ( 'il'S^C^^lbU ) n. an enterprise 
<pj5i ; (^ 5^1 ; ail cxlra-ordinary 

event ; a commercial specula- 


■<l^ I — turer n. i 

— turous, — turesomc adj. daring enterpri- 
sing I 

Adverb ( ) n. a word which modifies 

a verb, adjective or another adverb 
!^C*T^«1 I — verbially adv. 

C^:,\^\ I — verbially adv. f^?rtf%rn^*l- 

Adversary ( ) n. an opponent, 

an enemy Hn’*!’, *T35 ; the devil l 

Adverse ( ) adj. ( /o ) opposed to, con- 
trary , unfor- 
tunate I — sity n. afTiciion misfor- 


I — ly adv. 

^Rc'® 1 

Advert ( ) v. i, {to) turn the mind 

7^\«\ I — ence n. heed i 

— ent adj. heedful I — tently 

adv. with heed to I L.=vertere, 

to turn. 

Advertise ( ) v. t. to give public 

notice C?, Wt^l^ C*f, ^ CTi — ment 

n. a public notice 

I — tiser 

n R R?rl, I 

Advice ( ) n. instruction, counsel 

^]® ; {pi.) intelligence 
Tr®Rr I Letter of advice 

Tt®R R?n ncs i 

Take advice i 

Advise ( ) v. t. to give advice 
C*f , Of ; {of) to inform ^ c^f, 

C^f I — V. i. ( with) I —able adj. 

fit to be done, expedient ^Q®, \5tVT 

I — ability; — ablencss n. expedi- 
ency ^R® I — visedly adv. '®R- 

lsT, I Well- 

advised^Ti®^ i — er n. 

R'8®t I Illadvised=^^f% ts^l i (Tf^*| i 

Advisory council~^g«11 i 

Advocate ( ) n. one who pleads for 

another I — y. {. 

to plead for 6^r«^f® ^■\9\. 

I — cacy n. defence 
s^t^r® I Advocate General^ 


Adze ( ) n. carpenter’s tool for cliip- 
ping wood I 

Aegis ( ) ^\my 'sri'^R i 
Aeolian ( ) adj. of pertaining to 

wind — Aeolius is the god of wind ^®t9 
) Aeolian harp n. a musical 
instrument producing sounds as the wind 
passes ^®i^® si lc’imi ^lfw ^iiRrif 

C5®i^-^1®1?1 ^\ms I #15^ I 
Aeon, Eon ( ) n. an age of the universe 


Aerate ( ) v. i. to supply with air or 
some sort of gas ?[®t5^^ I Aerated 
waters Rs»rr^ i 

Aerial ( ) adj. belonging to the air 
; lofty 'e^r ; etherial, visionary 


[ 12 ] 


1 — ?Z. 

Aerie ( ) n. 1%<isllt 


Aeriform ( ) adj. ^t'nlir ; 

unreal I 

Aerify ( ) v. L io fill with air, lo 
change into air?f'®!^ 

I - fication n. 

Aerodrome ( ) n an aviation station 

^1 ^tl55l ; 

Aerolite ( ) «. a meteoric stone 

Aerometer ( ) n. t 

Aeronaut ( ) n. one who makes 

ascents in a balloon or on aerial car f^ 
^1 6^i5r I 

Aeroplane ( ) n. a flying machine 

heavier than air and driven by gasoline 

^1 I I 

Aery ( ) adj. aerial, visionary 


/Esthetics ( ) n. the feeling of 

beauty in objects philosophy 

of the fine arts 

»rt31 I I y^sthetical— 

adj. I 

/fither ( ) n. the upper air ^W15^ i 

stftsT ?rr^- 

wtw? I 

/Etiology ( ) n. 

1^4? f^ttJl I f^*f i=l I 

Afar ( ) adv. from a great distance 

from ) I 

Affable ( ) adj. easy of manners, 

easy to be spoken to 

n^tl, I -“bility,-- ness n. 

^«tl is«i, I 

Affair ( ) n. business, matter ^t^f, 

I — pi. transactions 
'^U I Private affairs— i 

Affect ( ) V. t. to act on, to produce 

a change upon C^lHl 

^5| I 

This will not aject the trade=|?1=i;'^^j 

Affect V. t. to move the passions ; ^1 

; ^1-CiTWl ; to make a 
show 5ST I He ajjected friendship =c^'Q 

I — ed adj. ; 

«f'8 <R1 I — tation n. pretence #(f^, 

C«^l I ing adj. pretence 


Affection ( ) n. love, kindness 

Ca?, 35^1 ; disease c^sit^ i —ate 
adj. loving 

I — ately adv. i 

Affiance ( ) marriage contract 

; trust f?ng1>i i — anced 
adj. C^Ui I 

Affidavit ( ) n. a written declara- 

tion on oath 

Affiliate ( ) v. t. to adofJt, to 
receive into a society ; to connect with 
C‘?i] ^ ^ ^-n 

^T'jri I The college is ajfiliated to the 

university i^zw i 
-ation n. cn! ^H«l ; 

Affinity ( ) n. relationship 

^I'nl ; C^tC^Tl 

fsi^'T ; chemical attraction 
'©•I, 'JTOTfn I 

Affirm ( ) v. t. assert positively, to 

declare tsjfe ^tl ^ji^oT -^1% ^ C^Tt^f i 

— ^ation n. that which is affirmed, solemn 
declaration I 


— ative adj. ^ C^toTl I — atively adv. 

^f»f, I — I 

Affix ( ) V. t. { to, on, upon ) to 
attach C*r^ ®i-yf i — n. syllabic 

or letter added to the end of a word 
I Affix a signature Of i 

Afflict ( ) V. i. to give pain or 

grief, harass C*t1^ C*f> C*f • 

— ed pa. p. ( with ) harassed C^1^l, 

I — ing adj. harassing 

I -tion n. C*n^, 

I — tive adj. I 

Affluence ( ) n. profusion ^‘‘15 

; wealth *R- 

I — ent adj. {in) plentiful 
C^t^l ; wealthy I — ent n. 


Afflux ( v£itp“jpt^5" ) n. a flowing to 
C5ll?(tC^i I 

Afford ( vfi5p;3is’!^ ) v. t. to yield 

; Of ; to bear the expense of 
^^'4 C^r^l I The land did not ajjord 
paddy-::: ==^lfb“vi! *fR i 

Affray ( ) n. a brawl, a quarrel with 
violence (^tsr^l^^). 


Affright ( ) V. i. to frighten 

^1 I — ment n. sudden fear '®?r I 

Affront ( ) V. t. to insult 

*t^ ; I --;z. 


Afield ( ) adv. to or on the field 

Afloat ( vilC|pt§ ) adv. or adj. in a floating 

state C^W l 

Afoot adv. on foot I 

Afore in front I —hand adv. 

I — said adj. named before 

I —thought adf. 


Afraid ( »iliap’^ ) ad/. struck with fear 


i I am afraid=^ 

Afresh ( ) adv. anew i 

Aft ( ) ^dj. or adv. behind, astern 

After ( ) pre. and adv. -^15^, 

nlr&, ^z^ t After all— 

^Z^, I —birth 

) I —clap *115^^1 ; C^1C=T1 'i)^l ^«rl 

C^t^l I — cropl%^?r 

I —pains C^1^1 i 

—thought C^UU ntCb 

^«(1 I 

Aftermath ( consequences, 

results C*f?5p5^ ; second mowing 

of grass in the same season ^'5^’® f^^lT- 
4^1 I 

Afternoon ( ) n. the time from 

noon to evening 

Afterward ( ^ttp“T>R'6?l1^;‘ ),-- wards ( 

) adv. subsequently 


Again ( ) a second time, one more 

I Again and again= 

^\Z'^ ^\Z^ I 

Against ( ) prep, in opposition to 

; in provision for 

; opposite to I You should not 

have gone there against his advice— 

Agape ( ) adj. or adv. 

^*n I 

Agate ( ) u. vi3f?t*t ; a kind 

of precious stone. 

Age ( ) n. duration of life ^t|[^ J 

a period of time ^1oT, I The Golden 
age=^^T I The Bronze age— C'^^1 i 

The Middle age=^1<^^ i The Iron age= 

, _ed adj. i Of age=* 


Agency ( ‘uQCW’f^ ) n. office of an agent 

[ 13 ] 



; business of an agent or his 


C^iT^I ^1 b'5^1'^^1 ; instru- 
mentality throug/i his 


I — I 

Agent ( ) 71 . a deputy, a manager 


Agglomerate ( ) v. t. or v. i. to 

form into a ball or mass o^tf1 ?[t^, 
clt^' I —ration n. 


Agglutinate ( ) v- t- to cause to 
stick together by glue C^'1^1 I 

— nation n. ^^1 clif^ i —native adj, 

tending to unite C®rt:nS‘?n, I 

Aggrandise ( ) v. t, to make 
great ^l5f^ Tl ;il5T 7[^5i ^i 

?bf, I — nient n. enlargement <T^ 

®i5f< ^f%, I 

Aggravate ( ) v. t. to make worse 
c^fb c^?r l w^, c^f& ; to 

provoke I — rating adj. 

I — vation n. C^l?rt< 

C^'i^l I {ad=io, gravis —h^civy) l 

Aggregate ( ) v. i. to collect 

I — formed of parts taken 
together I ~n. C«ft% I 

broken stone etc. for concrete 

; f%51 I In 

the aggregate i — gation n. 

I ( flflf=to, grex=rto flock) ) I 
Aggress ( ) v. i. to bring a quarrel 
JfStf cnfj^l^ C^t^l ; to intrude 
C^t^1 I — gression n. the first act of 
injury -ffsttsf I — gressive 

adj. c^t^l, c^f^i, 

CSftC^i^l, I — orti. one 

who makes a first attack 

C'rt^ I 

[rieve ( to pain, to injure 

C*f, C^Wt^ Ctf, I ( passive 

l4 i Agony 

voiced IfW I I am much aggrieved— 

5]^ c^wt^ I ) 

Aghast ( ) adj. terrified f^^f% I 

Agile ( ) adj. nimble active 

I — lity n. quickness 
^«1, I also Agileness. 

Agio ( ) n. percentage charged on 
exchange of paper money ; discount 

c*t*T? *f?i 

C^t^l I 

Agitate ( v£if^’t^§ ) V. t. to stir violently 

; to discuss 

cm I — tation 

I — tator 

n. Rl ^t?r, 


Agnail ( uQ^’C^Tcl ) n. an inflamation round 
the toe, a whitlow I 

Agnate { ) adj. related by the 

father’s side >[51^1^1, 

m\T^, I 

Agnostic ( ^tlbi^^ ) n. one who maintains 
that the existence of God and an unseen 
world are unknown and unknownable f?l 

^>8^ ?n 

— ticism ( ^ii?fb:f5fb^5r ) m 1 

Ago ( vflC'Jfi ) adv. gone, past m, m, 

I Several years ago—^ 1 

Agog ( 'il'Jf'JT;; ) adv. or adj. eager ^ 


Agoing ( ) adv. going on 

bf^ I 

Agonist ( ) n. one who competes in 

an athletic combat I 

Agonise ( ) v. t. to put in severe 

pain ^1^1 C^, ^3ff«f1 Cf, C^V^U] »rtf% 

I — nising adj. 5igf«ft(rt?r^ I 
Agony ( ) «• extreme pain ; the death 

struggle ^t«5Ti ; ( 


[ 15 ] 


Agrarian ( ) <^dj. relating to land ; 

Agree ( ) v.t. {with,nn,in, for, to) to be of one j 

mind, to assent to ; 

I can not agree to the proposal— O’® 

^>n:® "Sit c®t^i^ 

4«[t® >1*»® ; to be consistent ! 

with f^9[ ^ ; to suit '^3^; The climate 

docs not agree with me=^C^^ 

I — able adj. suitable, conformable 
; pi^-asing 
; consenting to ^*51® t 
— ably adv. pleasingly ; alike 

(with to) I — ment n. concord, 
conformity f^®f, ; contract 



Agrestic ( ) adj. rural ; rustic 

5^1, i 

Agriculture ( ) n. the act of cul- 
tivating the land 

I — tural adj. C^'lf® i 

Agricultural Bank^C’lf®^ • 

Agricultural implements ^C^f® i 

— turist n. farmer l 

Aground ( ) adv. on the ground 

^8^^®, \sn^®, I The steamer 

ran aground 5^® i 

Ague ( ) «. fever accompanied with 

shivering I 

Ah, Aha ( ®11, ) inter. 

^t5f^® *1^, Wc, 

^lt^, C*ff? vf^ I 

Ahead ( ) adv. in advance, farther on 

Aid ( ) V. t. to help l — n. help 

assistance ; c^lt^^^t® 

^i:tt®1 I — ance n. 

Aided school=^^t^^ C^1^t I 

Aid-de-camp ( ) n. an officer who 

carries the orders of a general 

f^Wl, 'Sr'tf< 

s'T'yf® I 

Ail ( ) V. i. to feel pain *>[1 C^?ri I ~v. t. 

to affect with uneasiness <P% C^tlfl 

I What ails you ?=c®t^lt^ ? 

— ment n. pain ^«r ; indisposition 
%\ C^?t, I 

Aim ( ‘'ifst ) V. {. or v. t. [at) take sight, 
to point as a weapon o^’^l 
I — n. the thing pointed at 
Cnt^Tit intention 

I — less adj. without aim 5^^, 

I — lessly adv. i 

Air n. the fluid we breathe ^1^, 

^®i!^ ; the atmosphere ; 

a melody w1® ; {pi.) affected 

manners I To take air^£t^t“T, 

^^1»r ^ I To take the air= 

5t®f^- ei^rt^, ^U] «rf^t<?T I Air-bladder:---= 
cn^® CT})z^] I Air gun^ 
f^JTl f^tsT I Air- 
plane or Aeroplane n. i Air- 

pump— 5J2[ I Air raid precau- 

I Air-navigalion==f^ili^ i Air- 

traffic=^f^^ltJl 5I1®1?r1® I Air maiI---T?r^^1sT 
®t^ I Air shaft ^t®t5: 

^'^'\ I Air-ship-- 

'<^ { t ^®t?®t^ n1®^ $?r) I Air- 
tight I 

Air ( ) V. t. to dry by air and warmth 

?t®t^® R ^t®t^ !9i?ri I Aircraft 

n. flying machines generally I 

—way n. 's^l9t'W 5C^t^l I 

Air-force i Airways— 

I Air forces \ Air 


I Air lift=R^rfil R?rl c^t^m I 
Airy ( ) adj. open to the air ^®t^ 
Cnt^1 ; unsubstantial ; fickle 

Aisle ( ) n. part of a church on either 


Ait [ 

C?p1Z5(1 ^il^t-ST I 

Ait (’^^7) «• a small island in a river or 
lake U ^1 ^1®?^ 


Ajar ( ) adv. partly open 


Akimbo ( vS-f^“^ ) adj. with hands on hips 
and elbows bent outward 

^tw • 

Akin ( ) Sj. allied by blood 'ilt^ ^N*r< ; 

having similar properties {to) 

Alabaster ( ) «. a variety of fine 

limestone i 

Alack ( ) inierj. ! 

Alacrity ( ) n. briskness 

; cheerful willingness 

Alarm ( ) v. L to give notice of danger, 

to call to arms 

C^, ; to fill wfih dread ^?1- 

^51 I — n. notice of danger ^1 'efH | 

I — ist n. one who excites alarm : 

' clock I 

I I 

Alas ( ) inlerj. expression of grief C*T1^ I 

^ ^ 

Albatross n. 

c^t?b ^f%«f I 

Albeit ( ) adv. although 5if^\8 ^i 


Albion ( ) n. ' 

Album ( ) n. a blank book for the 
insertion of protraits &c. wf?, 
fq«[1 ^1 tlf5 C«ft^l W1 I 
Albumen ( ) n. the white of an egg 
555 ^^ I — minous— 

frwafl?i, i 

Alchemy ( ) n. the first stage of 


16 ] 

f%ttJl I —chemist n. f^ CSZ^ f^ttJl 

Alcohol ( r<lc=[5is^0i ) n. pure spirit 

>11^ I — ic adj. 


j Alcoran ( ) n. the Koran C^t=^1®r*rta[ l 

: Alcove ( ) ;/. a recess 

) I 

j Alderman ( ) n. any head-man 

of a guild C^tr^Tl 

; a city magistrate below the rank 
of mayor I 

Ale ( ) n. a fermented malt liquor C^f& 

Ale-house 1 
Alert ( vac![-^t^' ) adj. watchful ; brisk 

I — n. sudden attack 
^t35»5j*i I Upon or on the alert = 

9(^1 I 

Alexin ( ) n. class of albuminoid 

Algebra ( '£ic^?:®r’3r| ) n. science of calculating 
by symbols i — brie, — brical adj. 

Alias ( ) adv. otherwise 1 

~^n. I 

Alibi ( ) n. plea of absence from 

the place of occurrence 

I To set up an alibi 

^ I 

Alien ( ) adj. foreign different 

; (to) adverse 1 

— n. foreigner I 

Alienate ( ) v. i. to transfer a 

right or title ; to estrange ^i?5[ 

^ ^ i — nable adj. 

3^1^=^ I —nation n. ; 

tsi^ I I ^*1 I 

Alight ( ) V. t. {from.) to descend, to 

come down • 

Alight adj. on fire ^9fi, 1 


C 17 ] 


Align ( ) V. t. to lay out by a line, 

to arrange in line *ft4\ 

I — ment n. the fixing of a line 

; rearrangement of soldiers in 
lines ; ground- 

plan of a road 

Alike ( ) adj. similar JIZ^, TTsjtsi i 

—adv. I 

Aliment ( ) n. nourishment ; food 

C^t?r1-^w i—tarya^^'. 

pertaining to aliment 

Alimony ( ) n. an allowance for the 

mainlenance of a wife 

Aliquant ( ) adj. not dividing 

a number without a remainder 

s—'se^ ^t#l 


Aliquant part =^t#i i 

Aliquot ( ) adj. dividing without 

a remainder ^#1 

C^Z^ %—b^ ^ aliquot part^f^fi?T c^t^j 

I • 

Alive ( ) adj. living ; 

disposed to know I He is not alive. 

to the grievances of others— ^"*1 

Alkali ( ) n. a substance which has 
acrid taste such as potash, soda and lime 

I Alkaline adj. i 

All ( ) adj. the whole of, every one 

f^?|s I, —adv. wholly, I 

All but=«t1^ I All over^C-JflC^I- 

•^^z^ I All along=='5i^'^r^n^1, i 

All in all=C^$ C^l 

I All right=5rr^, ^5T I A. all= 

C^Z^^t (M I For all= 
^'G I For good and all=finally 

I Once for all='i)^t^ 

51t3i I All the whiles >1^11 l 
All over with=^^C^I i 

All the year— i All the better— 
'^t«T I At all=:ilt^TtCs?l 
I All on a sudden ==^^T?, 

I At all events=C^r5^ 
t All outsat full 

speed l 

Allay ( ) y. /!. to relieve 'Q51 ( 

^^1 ) ; to repress vf'Wl, 513^1 I 
Allege ( ) V. t. to assert ^ ; to plead 

in excuse \ I 

Allegation ( ) n. assertion 

; plea C‘nt5^ ; l 

Allegiance ( ) n. loyally 
; '®% I 

Allegory ( ) «. a story with an 

undertone iif l 

I — gorical adj. I 

Alleviate ( ) v. 1. to make light 

5T^ ; to lessen i — viation 

n. act of relieving ^TT^TiT, 

^“^51, alleviation of pain or miseries. 
Alley ( ) n. a narrow walk or passage 

in a garden or in a city 

All-fours ( ) n. pi. on four legs, on 

hands and feet 

; a game or cards li)^- 

I Togo on all fours=?im^ 

>r3rr5T ^ I 

All-hail ( ) inter, all health ( used 

in salutation ) l 

Alliance ( ) n. union by treaty or 
marriage I 

Alligator ( ) n. an animal of the 
crocodile class, a gavial I 

Alineation, Allineation ( ) n. 

Alliteration ( ) n. the recurrence 


[ 18 ] 

of the same letter in two or successive 


I tif^ Itfl ^Tft 


Allocate ( ) v. t. to assign shares 
^t'Jf I — 'Cation n. allotment 

Allodial ( »ilcT-?ff®c?|ST ) adj. freehold 
cnt^fl, I ( 0 pp. to Feudal ) 
Allopathy ( ) n. i 

— pathic adj. I 

-pathist, path. n. 

Allot ( ) V. t. to divide by lot, to distri- 
bute \»‘f[|, ^|f5(.Jf, «f1^T I — ment n. part 
or share allotted ^"r'JT, ^^*r, f^%1, I 

—ted adj. K\i], i 

Allow ( <ilc=|®ll S ) V. t. to grant, to permit C*f, 
i to make allowance for 
C^f I — able adj. that may be allowed law- 
ful I — ance n. 

penriission ; that which is allowed 

®]||; abatement 

^ttf, I' To make allowance for— 

c^f i 

Alloy ( tS^-s^’Sr ) V. t. to mix with a baser 

metal; to debase 

C^?1 ifl^ CRT I — n. ^'V^l 1 

Allude ( ) V. i. [ lo ) to . refer to 


Allure ( ) V. t. to entice 

5^ I — ment n. enticement 
I — ring adj. seductive 
(:«it^l I 

Allusion ( ) n. indirect reference 

Treats, > — sive. adj. 

Alluvion ( ) n. earth deposited 
by rivers i^Z^ v£)^1 I 

Alluvium ( ) n. C^t^1 

^9\7[ I —vial adj. i 

Ally ( ^o^-STtl^ ) u. t. to form a relation 

5 I — -n. a confederate 


f^iS, iJWl ^t'^T I 

— Allied adj. 1 

Almanac ( ) n. a calender of days, 
months &c. '^tfsf i 

Almighty ( ) adj. all-powerful 

I The almighty 1 
Almond ( ) n. |ti{ 1 

Almoner ( ) n. one w^ho distributes 

alms I 

Almost ( ) adv. nearly >£tt? 1 

Alms ( ) n. relief given to the poor 

pi. ) I -house n. 

I man n. 1 

Aloe ( ) n. a genus of plants of medici- 
nal importance 'SlT'f*, l — pi. 

Aloes 51 51"^- ^"<31 I 

Aloft ( ) adv. on higli, above '6^^'®, 

\8«l®, 1 

Alone ( ) adj. single, solitary 'Sf^er, 

^^81*1^3, C^?15T I 

adv. I 

Along ( ) adv. onward C^'\Z^, 
prepo. by the side of 

^ir®c?r '^5Z< I Along side--=== 

'■^Az^ ^\Z^, ^if®® I Along with= 

^■JT® I AH Along -•-^- I, ‘<’<^1^^ I 
Aloof ( ) adv. a'( a distanci: ^!®51®, 
^jffir^i — ness n. 1 

Aloud ( ) adv. loudly fsipR, 

Alpaca ( ) the Peruvian sheep 

; ®1-« C^lTO-s' 

Alpecn t 

Alpha ( ) n. the first letter of the 

Greek alphabet Si\^ l 

Alphabet ( ) n. the letters of langu- 
age arranged in order I 

the rudiments of a subject C^1C5=11 

I -ical adj. in the order of an 
alphabet I — ically 

adv. ^ ^ I 



i 19 i 

Alpine ( ) adv. pertaining to the 

Alps ; very 

high \65| I 

Already ( ) adv. previously, before 

this time I 

Also ( ^,^5’ ) adv. further i After that 
also=^Nnr5t^l I He also=f>i6 i 

Altar ( ) n. an elevated place or 
structure for offerings 

; the communion table 

Alter ( ) V. t. to change 

I — V. t. to become 

different $, ^ I -- able adj. 

Vf^l, <^«r<T n<1 I '-ation n. change 
I — ative n. ^4r« 
n^h I Alter ego^^-si^'W^ 
; counter part I 

Altercate ( ) v. i. to contend in 

words <ts^ , I — cation 

n. contention 

5n5,t5rfr6i, i 

Alternate ( ) ^4j- a^ter the 

other, by turns ^5^ 

C^l?l '^Z'A c^l?fl 1 

— ly adv. “*11^ 

Alternative ( ) adj. offering a 

choice of two things 

^1 fjfiri I — n. a choice 

between two things vs^l 

C’EICR :— I have no 
alternative ^nl?f ^1 

I — ly adv. 

Although ( ) conj. notwithstanding 

Altitude ( ) n. height 

elevation above the sea I 

To fire at high altitude==>TH^^ nt? 

5m]Z] I 

Altogether ( ) adv. wholly, 

without exception 
>lf^ i 

Alto-relievo ( ) n. high relief 

^1irf^f?T \ 6 n<^«T I 

( f%5R 

C*r ^1 ) I 

Altruism ( ' 5 It 2 i§~f?r' 5 f 5 |^ ) n. the principle of 
living for the interest of others 

«f ^1 n«l I 

Alum ( ^.'9\\'S[ ) n. a mineral salt -sfsitf 

Aluminium ( ) n. a kind of metal 

Alvine ( vijcri'ijff ) adj.^ belonging to the belly 

Always ( ) for ever 

'ec^'G, c^'f-c^'f i 

Am V. i. the first person singular of the 
verb to be { (7 am—'^X i Thou art^ 
rs I He h=fy| ) i 

Amain ( ) adv. with main force 

*rr^^<i, c^-yftl i 

Amalgamate ( ) v. t. to mix mer- 

CU 17 with another metal ^t^;[ *rt^^ 

(‘^1*^1 ) ; to compound I 

— V. i. to blend ^ l 

—gam n. «11| 1 — tion n. 

union v}fhTQ*|55[, I 

Amalgamation of E. B, with Assam 


Amanuensis ( ) n. one who 

writes to dictation ; 

a copyist I 

pi. = Amanuenses. 

Amaranthus ( ) n. a genus of plants 

with flower that never fade 

I — ranthine 

adj. unfading W't; I 

Amass ( ) v. t. to acciunulate, to 

collect in large quantity ®r'.i 1 


[ 20 ] 


Amateur ( ) n. one who cultivates 

a particular art for the sake of pleasure 
( opp. Professional ) <f=T 

Amateur theatre party^";^^ 


Amative ( ) odj. amorous I 

— ness n. propensity to love I 

— tory adj. relating to love ; 

fffSTi I 

Amaze ( ) v. t. to confound 

I --ment 

adj. astonishing I 

—mazingly adj. i 

Amazon ( ) n, a I'abulous warlike 

woman, virago i — ian 

adj. like an Amazon J 

Ambassador ( ) n. a diplomatic 

representative sent by one sovereign to 
the court of another I — iship 

n. ^^4)^ ?! I 

Amber ( ) n a fossil resin i 

Ambidexter ( ) n. &. adj. capable 

of using both hands with equal dexterity 
>1^1^ ift, n^1 ; a double- 

dealer I 

Ambiguous ( ) adj. of doubtful 
meaning' i 

— guity ( — ) , - biguousness n. doubt- 

fulness of meaning «|5[ 

I - -guously adv. 

Ambit ( ) n. precincts ; bounds ; 


Ambition ( ) n. eager, desire of fame, 

power or honour \S«f 

I — tious ( ) adj. aspiring 

I — tiously adj. 'e^f- 

Amble ( } i"'. i. to move at an easy pace 
affectedly -fjl cWft ^1, 4U<rt'ai 

C«lt«f I— ». a pa^ •f a Imvm iu 

which the two legs on the same side 
move together C^lRt^ 

c^rtsr I 

—bier n. ^■\ 

^\z^, wrn?rtt wtn^rt^ c^it^ i 

Ambrosia ( ) n. tlie fabled food of 

the gods which gave immortality 

I —sial adj. delicious C^Rt'f 


An ulance ( ) n. a carriage used as 
r moveable hospital for the wounded in 

w ;r 

f^T. ^t#l 1 c^ttdi 

Ambulant adj. walking I 

Ambulation n. the act of walking i5^*l l 
— latory adj. moving from place to place 

Ambuscade ( ) n. a hiding to 
attack »rjj5^ ^t3F5?q 

C5tn c5Tt?lC^1, ^51^ I —v.i. to lie in 

ambush c^tn, «r'tn si, C^Rtst^ «ll^ I 

Ambush ( ) n. the act of lying in wait 

to attack C5ln N ; a hidden place 

ewt^Rtfisf cBdn 'C^ i —v. i. 

Sff^ I 

Ameliorate ( ) v. t. to improve 

^f[15 ^4, ^o1 I ~'V. i. to grow better 
'olsT — ration n. improvement 

^jsi ^?i^1 I — rative adj. 


Amen ( ) interj. so be it I 


Amenable ( ) adj. ( to ) easy to be 
led 7[^-^ ; 

liable to sft#! i — ably adv. 

Amend ( ^Z^’^Q ) v. t. to correct 

; to alter i —able adj. 

alterable I — ment n. correction ; 

alteration 5T<c»fT«r5T, 

I Amends «. {pi. ) com- 
pensation I 


[ 21 ] 


Ament ( ) n. C=Tm^1, 5'Q c*ft^, 

C^1 «rtt I 

Amenity ( ) n. agreeableness of situa- 
tion, climate or manners 51^1 

; ^53^^ I I 

Amerce ( ) v. t. to punish with a fine 
I -raent n. a penalty 

American ( ) k. a native of America 

Amethyst ( ) n. a precious slone of a 

bluish-violet colour lilf?*! 


Amiable ( ) worthy of love 

311^41 I -—ness n. quality of 

being amiable «*1 I — ^bly adv. 

Amicable ( ) adj. friendly 

I — cably adj. in a friendly 
manner The case 

has been settled 


Amid, Amidst ( viif;:®;', ) prepo. in the 

middle, among I 

Amiss ( ) adj. wrong, improper ^*3) t?t, 

I — adv. I 

To go amiss- 5ii, ^ i To 

take amiss *t^, C^?n -^1 t 

Amity ( ) n. friendship, good will 
'f\^U I 

Ammeter ( ) n. an instrument for 

measuring the force of electricity 

^sr I 

Ammonia ( ) n. a. pungent gas 


^«Ti I 

Ammonite ( ) n. a kind of fossil shell 
f%9ii w ^19)^ cwi$i 


Ammunition ( ) n. military stores 

'$itf^9Tl, i 

Amnesty ( ) n. general pardon of poli- 
tical offiinilers | 

Amnion ( ) n. the membrane in 
which the foetus or embryo of mammals, 
brids and reptiles is enclosed before 
birth f^I 

ai«ft ' 5 \^ «ft| 

Amffiba ( ) n. a class of microscopic 
animalcules always changing shape ^*f|?r 

211 'Tt I 

Among ( ), Amongst ( ) prepo. 

amidst ( 1 

Amorous ( ) n. i 

Amorous ) adj. passionate, inclined 

to love 

I ■ — Jy adv. I - - ness n. 


^Amorphous ( l 

Amount ) v. i. to reach ?1 

S— The cost amounts to Rs. 5 
^^5 ; to come in meaning 

to ^|5^j y\A^^ <t^, t— This crime 

does not amount to theft— 

^1% «ff4?t ?i^?r I — n. 

the sum total ( C^Z^ 

; effect I — n. ^tf»T ; I 

Amour ( ) ri. a love intrigue 

I Amour propre=5i^^t^ C<t^, 


Ampere ( ) n. current that one volt 
can send through one ohm 

Amphibia ( ) n. (pi.) animals that 

live both on land and in water 

ntsfl 2ri^ I — bious 

adj. ntsft 5^1 1 

— sing. Amphibian. 

Amphibian ( )— 


Amphitheatre ( )n. an edifice of 

a circular feria having rews of seats 


Ample ( v£i"PtQjf" ) a^^'. spacious, wide, large 
enough f7ji;'{^ 

CWt^ |\C‘ C^i?[!, I — ply ( fV ) adv. abun- 
dantly, liberally I 

—ness n. «fcc^vr|'^ i 

Amplify ( ) ?-’. /. (o enlarge 

; to add to 

CH I — fication — ( ) n. C®rf^ 

I — tier 11 . an instrument to magnify 
the sound *t^ ^<i i 

Amplitude ( ) w. abundance £ft^l ; 

extent ; wide range of mind ; 

ni'C'^3 ; 

an arc ol the horizon between the east 
and west 
^fil5inn»r t 

Amputate ( ) v. t. to cut off a limb 

‘»Tf^ C^IC^I ^5f C^*ll I — tation n. the 
act of cutting off, as a limb 
c^tof^?n I 

Amuck, Amok ( ) adv. madly 
I To run amuck 

C^l^l I 

Amulet ( ^T^^Z9\>^; ) n. anything used as 
charm to w'ard off sickness, evil or harm 
Wifi'S?, -sia^z^i I 

Amuse ( ) v. t. to occupy agreeably 

I ---ment 

n. that which amuses C*f^tf% i — musing 
adj. affording amusement 

An ( ) adj. one >ii&1 ; the indefinite article 

used before words begiriing with the 
sound of a vowel — a, e, i, o, «, 

( A CBt?1 ) ; an M. A., 

a European, a usage, an historical event 

Anachronism ( ) n. an error 

relating to time in an account of event* 


^tTB C 51?1 

^9t, ?Pt«f i5tf% I 


Anaclastic ( ) adj. bent back, 
refracted i 

Ansmia ( *i]RR’5il ) n. a disease having the 
principal characteristic of the poorness 
of blood tf^t^ ^Z^ 3?r^I C*l^i 

vi^] C-TI^ I —adj. Ansemia 

Anaerobic ( ) adj. capable of living 
without air, esp. of bacteria which do 
not require oxygen for their existence 



Anaesthetic ( ) n. a substance 
producing insensibility *^54® 15?t 


I — tise V. t. 7\\n 


Anagram ( 'i3R15Jl5J ) n. a word or sentence 
formed by transposing the letter of ano- 
ther word or sentence "f^ 

'$19 ^t^t, ^5rj-c^t<i 

— FauI ^ Live, Lake < Leak. 

Anal ( ) adj. pertaining to anus 

Analect ( ) n. collection of literary 

Analogy ( ) n. resemblance, simi- 
larity fiioT, ; a reasoning from 

parallel cases i — logous ( a^MB’ ) 

adj. bearing some resemblance 

>1^*1, ^arn —logically, — logously 

adv. — ^logue n. parallel word or thing 
'sr^^*r *T^ 5 ti Qr[z^ analogue 


Analphabetic ( ) adj. expressing 
the ioundi of ipeech by lome other 

[ 22 ] 


[ 23 ] 

graphic means than by letters 

Analyse ( ) v. t, to resolve into 

component parts 

c^c»i5[ 1 —lysis (— ) n. 

a resolving into elementary parts 


{opp. Synthesis) ; (pi.) Analyses. -lyst 

( — ) n. one skilled in chemical 
analysis I -lytics n. (pi.) 


Anamnesis ( ) n. recollection of' 

events etc. of a supposed previous 

Anarchy ( ) n. want of Government, 

political disorder “11^^ I 

— chical ( — ) adj. being without 

I — chist ( — ) n. 

C5^i ^r/^y C^!^, 

^!tf^ I --chisra n. i i 

Anathema ( ) n. an ecclisiastical 

curse I — matise v. t. 

Anatomy ( ) n. the art of dissecting 

any organised body "I 

»rl^, » — mic, — mical adj. 

Ancestor ( ) n. a fore-father 
I — tral adj. 

I — try n. lineage ^^*ri?|3ft i 
Anchor ( ) n. an implement for 

holding ships at rest in water 

; a source of security *r^«l I 

To cast anchor =91^^ ^^1 i To way 

anchor =«T5r^ Wt^tW <Jtl^ i To be or to 
ride at anchor «lt^i Anchor- 
ground wi9f^ I —age n. 

Anchorite-ret ( ) n. a hennit, 


a recluse >T-Nnt^-^ytfr, >l?iyt^, 1 Fern. 

— Anchoress. 

Ancient ( ) adj. old, of former times 

i —n. 

an aged man, a partiarch ; 

( pi. ) the classical nations 
I — ly adv. 

Ancillary ( ) adj. ( to ) subordinate 

Ancon ( ) n. bend, elbow vst^f ; 

; a console bracket for supporting 
the cornice of a doorway 

And ( vS'Q’ ) conj. a word used to connect 
words and sentences i And so forth 
t®yi.^ 1 

Androgynous ( ii'Q ) adj. having the 

characteristics ol both the sexes 


Androphobia ( ) n. unhealthy dread 

of male sex 
«t^i I 

Anecdote ( ) n. a short story 

I —age n. time of life at 
which trivial anecdotes form the staple 
of a person’s conversation f?l 

Anemometer ( ) n. Gauge for 

measuring the speed of wind 

Anent ( ) prep, in regard to, concerning 

Anew ( ) adv. newly, afresh syt^, 

^\Z^), 1 

Angel ( ) n. a divine messenger, an 

attendant spirit ^15, 

CtfJT^sij <yi I — ic, -deal adj. 

possessing the qualities of angel CW^^®yy, 

Anger ( ) strong emotion excited by 


[ 24 ] 


injury Ts, C^t?, C3pt«r, I — t. to 

enrage «(?. I — Angry adj. moved 

with anger I — grily adv. 

with anger C3S5U<tC^ I 

Angle ( <i59F"c^ ) «. a point where two lines 
meet otherwise than in a straight line, a 
corner i Acute angle— 

Right angle i Obtuse angles 

I — gular adj. having an angle 
C=^1®l ^1 I 

Angle ( ) w. a hook i — v. i. to fish 
with a rod and hook C^1^1 I — ling n. 

C^f^1 fw1 I 

Anglican ( h^donging to tlic 
church of England f?r- 


Anglist ( ) n. man well versed in 
English literature and culture 

Angry ( ) see Anger. 

Anguish ( ) ri. agony 

Angular see Angle. 

Anile ( ) ad/, imbecile i - -lity ri. 


Animadversion ( ) n. criticism, 

reproof C'f t^ <1^^, ^1% f 

Animadvert v. i. C'ft^ *1^ ; to censure l 

Animal ( ) «. a living being having 

sensation and voluntary motion ai®lT, 

I — adj. belonging to animal 
I Animal food^^^r?r^ i Animal 
kingdom i Animal spirits=^5T 
*rf^ I — ism (- n. brutishness 

Animalcule ( ) tz. a small animal 

Animate ( ) v. t. to give life to 

I — adj. living 

1 —mated adj. lively i 

— mation ( — C^’SjsT ) n. liveliness, vigour 

Animism ( ) n. a theory regarding 

the origin of religion from the belief 
arising simply from the evidence of the 
senses I — ist n. C*f^- 

I — istic adj. 

Animosity ( ) n. extreme hatred, 

j enmity 


Animus ( ) n. prejudice against 

Anion ( ) n. an electro negative wire 

Aniseed ( ) n. i 

Ankle ( ) n. the joint between the foot 
and the leg ^ife i — klet n. 

c^r*^ I 

Ankus ( ) n. an elephant goad | 


Annals ( ) n. (pi.) records of events 
related in order of time 
f%5T<^«l I 

'Annex ( ) v. t. (to) to join, to attach, 

to append 

C'T, I — ation n. act of 

annexing ^fc-sTl^tr^i i ure 

n. any statement or copy annexed to a 
letter, enclosure, appendix 

Annex or Annexe n. supplementary building 
m cm5q-lf??l1 W< I 

Annihilate ( ) v. t. to reduce to 

nothing | —hilation 

( of destroying ; the 

destruction of the soul as well as the 
body 9t?r I 

Anniversary ( ) adj. annual 

I — n. the day on which an 
event is celebrated annually 


[ 25 j 

Annotate ( /. to make notes 

upon I — tation n. an 

explanatory note l 

-tated adj. 3ti «[^i i — tator n. 

one who annotates, a commentator 

Announce ( ) v. l. to declare, to give 

notice of v2f^l»T CW I 

— nient n. a declaration hf?r1C^I, 

C’^lt^'Tl I 

Annoy ( ) v. l. to trouble, to tense 

<5^ I -ance «. that 

which annoys 

Annual ( ) yadj. early 

C51?I I — n. a plant that lives but 
one year \6^r«f ; 

a book etc. publislied annually 

Pear's annual. — ly adv. ?5C^- 

I —Financial statement 

Annuity ( ) n. an income or allowance 

falling on in each year 

^1 I tant 

11. I 

Annul ( ) f. t. to make void, to set 

aside ^11%9T i — ment 

n. the act of annulling 

Annular ( ) adj. having the shape 

of a ring *rc^ l 

Anodyne ( liisTSftsT ) n. a pain-killer f%^- 
*r^^, I 

Anoint ( ) f. t. to smear with oil O'®®! 

^5, Q^\^\ ; to consecrate 

I —ment n. i 

Anomaly ( ) n. irregularity C^tC^fSftf^, 

I — lous adj. irregular f^?r^ 
c^r5jwtr»i I 

Anon ( ) adu. immediately, 



I Ever and anon='sitC'5r 

Anonymous ( ) adj. nameless C^^tf^, 

I — ly adv. 

Another ( ) adj. some other, one 
more vD^I, ^*31, ^£l^i I One an- 

otlier---|c&tC^*f3i^^lt:il,“^f^^r^^ I 
Anoxia ( i 

Answer ( ) y. /. or v. i. to reply to 

<T| c?, C*f, 55tt5 C5f, 

He could not answer the paper— C^'4 

5j?t^ ; to repay 

^4 ; to suit, to correspond 
^'IC'n r^lsT The copy 

does not answer to the original = iilt 
f?irb?li ; (for) to be 
responsible for *ft#l C^m, Who will 
answer for the loss ?— C5^tC®T Q^'{^ 

? — n. reply, defence 5li^, ; 

solution tsf I — able adj. *^41, 

»f1#l I To answer a judgement =f®3!pt 

I To answer a debt=«tt<t^ i 

This will not answer the purpose 
C^lH ^1^4 ?TI =5P15I iRbc&i I To answer the call 
of nature =*^1^ c^t?1 l 

Ant ( 'ii=^ ) n. a small insect i White 

ant^^'t I Ant-hill=^"^ l:1?r=a^ i 

Antagonism ( ) n. ( to, with ) 

opposition I — gonist (— ) n. an 

opponent I nistic 

adj. opposing I 

Antarctic ( ) adj. relation to the 
south pole wf^e] I 

Antecedent ( ) n. (gram.), that 

which goes before I — adj. going 

before in time ^1^^, I —dents n. 

( pi. ) previous conduct or history 

Antechamber ( ) n. a room leading 

to another 5^1 I 

Antedate ( ) v. t. to date before the 



[ 26 ] 


true time '®It‘5T^ 

C'f t —ft. I 

Antediluvian ( existing 

or happening before the Deluge or Flood 
in Noah’s days ; primitive asi?r ; 

'cnf^r i— «• c^t 


Antelope ( ) n. a kind of deer 

Antemeredian ( ) a<li- before 

A. M. C^lC^, 


Antemundane ( ) adj. before the 

creation of the world '■5it’r< I 

Antenna ( ) n. conductor 

^(•51^ «f^1 'Sn I 

Antepenult ( ) n. the syllabic or 
the last word of a syllabic but two 

<iif^ I 

Anterior ( ) or^’. before in time or 

in place Crl?h I 

Antivenene ( ) «• a snake-poison 

antedote I 

Anthem ( ) n. a sacred song '^'5, 

Anthrax ( ) «• — 

Anthropoid ( ) n. & adj. a being 

that is human in form 

i manlike monkey. 

Anthropology ( ) n. the natural 
history of man » —gical adj. 

Anthropometry ( ) «• the measure- 

ment of human body for detective pur- 
poses CWt^l f^'^1 I ( C51^ 

) I 

Anthropomorphism ( v«^a{ «• ascri- 

bing human attributes to God 

«rf f® i 

Anthropophagy ( ) n. cannibalism 

C^t^l ^lf® I — phagi (-- -ctp®f ) 

71 . ( pi. ) man eaters I 

Anti-aircraft ( ) adj. preven- 

ting action of air-slnp ; disabling air- 
ship c®i^ ) 

( Gr. <7n/i=^ against). 

Antibiotic ( ) 'spis'rq 

Antibody ( ) n. a substance produced 

in the blood as a natural antidote to 

Antic ( ) adj. grotesque '^fl- 2 , f^<l'i? 14!"^ I 

— n. a fanla.stic figure ctl ’> I 

Antichrist ( ) n. opposer of Christ 

»[2!b I 

Anticipate ( ) V. i. to foresee, to 

presuppose '<^4, 

I — pation n. expectation, fore- 
taste ^1“Tb In 

ondcipalion of your sanction^-^^'iil^^f^ 

Anticlimax ( vflftj^ltcV'S: ) n. a sentence in 
which the ideas bcccjme less important 
towards the close 

C^1?1 ; a fall from rise 

Antidote ( ) «. a remedy against 

tlic bad effects of something 


Antifebrile ( ) adj. good against 

fever l I 

Antilogy ( ) n. a contradiction in 

terms or ideas I 

*1^ I 

Antimacassar ( ) «. a piece of 

muslin often embroidered and ornament- 
ed, used originally for protecting backs 

of chairs from hair-grease 

C®tiyf1 ; later 


[ 27 3 


applied to small piece of fabric used as 
ornament on tables C"!'!®!- 


Antimony ( i*^5jf5( ) «. a kind of bluish 

white metal used in medicine 

Anti-national ( ). i 

Anti-social ^^ilw i 

Antinomy ( ) n. contradiction or 
ijiconsistcncy be I -ween two laws or 

Antipathy ) n. { to, against^ between) 

a dislike, aversion 

Ctf Rl^ C^1?I^1 1 —pathetic adj. I 

Antiphlogistic ( ) n. & adj. a 

medicine reducing inllammaiion C'®W 

Antiphony ( ) n. alternate singing 

Antipodes ( ) n. [pi.) those living 

on the opposite side of the globe 

cnlrj=i ^it- 

I — podal, — podean adj. 

Antiquary ( ) n. one who studies 

old thing such as monuments and 

i —quarian ( ) adj. per- 

taining to antiquities 
-—n. I 

Antiquated ( ) adj. grown out 

of fashion, obsolete 

Antique ) adj. ancient, old fashioned 

The antique=^l^^ Rsfi^l 

Antiquity ( ) n. old times 

^51?r, • — ties pi. relics of ancient 

times l 

Antiseptic ( ) adj. preventing 

decay I 

Antispasmodic ( ) n. & adj. 

preventing convulsions 

Antithesis ( ) n. opposition, 

contrast ^1?, a counter 

proposition ( I 

— thctical ad.]. 

Antitoxin ( n. C^Sr^ 


Antler ( ) n. the branch of slag’s 

horn I 

Antonym ( ) «, a word which ex- 
presses the exact opposite of another 
word >1*^4 ^4 

^5111 I I ^’^1 I 

Anus ( ) n. I 

Anvil ( ) n. an iron block upon 

which metals arc hammered C^1®1, C^ll 
l^nf^ I To be on the 


w ci=i1i:^t?ii, I 

Anxiety ( ) n. uneasiness 

Anxious ( 'ilN’515' ) adj. solicit ious, uneasy 

I — ly 

adj. I 

Any ( vi)f^ ) adj. one indefinitely, every, 
whoever C>1^, I Any 

one, anybody=c^r?l C^:w, i Any 

how^C^^^l I Anywhere i 

At any rate, any way, any wise, in any 

casc=-c^c^C®l^ CW ^ 

Aorist ( ) n. f^?f1 

( ) I —adj. indefinite 


Apace ( adv. quickly, fast 


[ 28 3 


Apache ( ) n. a lawless luflian 
^1^51 I 

Apart ( ) adv. separately, aside 

I Apart from that — 
5!rtr^ I To set apart 

csi1?l1, C^tl^n I 

Apartheid ( 


Apartment ( ) ??. a separate room 

) I Inner 

apartments i 

Apathy ( iflC’tR ) n. want of feeling, 
indifTcrence i 

— thetic ( ) adj. 

Ape ( ) n. a monkey ^1 

I — V. t. to imitate as an 
ape w:a 

I — Apish ac/J. like an ape ] 

I I 

Apepsia ( ), Apepsy ( ) n. j 

indigestion i i 

Aperient ( ) adj. mildly purgative j 

Cn^ C=«ftr5Tf&1 ^=^1 I a mild purgative 

cf!^ I 

Aperture ( ^£^(^1^5") n. an opening 

f^i, I 

Apex ( ) a. the summit, the point of 

anything ; tip ; top C^U5R1 A^ ^A, 

\3^AA C®Tt5r( «{'?[ I (/d.) Apexes, — 


Aphasia ( ) n. loss of speech 


Aphelion ( that point in the 

course of a planet or comet which is 
farthest from the sun 51^ 

— npp perihelion. 

Apheliotropic ( ) n. property 
possessed by certain plants of turning 
away from the sun 

^^JA fA^Al^ fmA 9IAi1 I 

Aphis ( vfl’f^b-- ) csil?l I /"/. Aphides. 

Aphorism ( ^llJpf^w;5I ) n. a pithy saying ^3i ; 
adage, I 

— ristic adj. 

Aphrodite ( ) n. Goddess of Love 

Af^ZAA^ I 

Aphrodisiac ( ) adj. tending to 

produce sexual desire ; diaig 

or agent which does this 
^^1 ^AA ; «1^ I 

Apiary ( ^if ) n. a place for keeping 

bees C^\-c^t?1 i 

Apiculture ( ) «. C^'l-cnl?! i 

Apiece ( ^£^5 ) adj. for each, to each 

Apiology ( ) 71. scientific study ol 

bees C^V-sitf^ ' 

Apocalypse ( ) n. <£^i ; 

a revelation A]^ I 

Apogee ( ) n. same as ajihelion Opp. 


Apologise ( ) V. i. {for ) to make 

excuse ’SSfl c'ft? i 

logy n. an excuse, frank admission ol’ 
an offence •VfA\ C'fl? I 

Apologue ( ) n. a fable, a parable 

Apophthegm ( } ?i. a pithy maxim 

>11 ^^1 t 

Apoplexy ( »iinc^Tia ) n. a sudden loss of 
sensation and motion 

C^r>itsf — plectic, — plectical adj. 

C^5lt^ >1^^^ I 

Apostate ( ) n. or adj. one who for- 

sakes his religion, a renegade 
nR5^, I — tacy, — tasy n. 

C^l?ltC&), ^isT A'i C9fW&i I 

Aposteriori ( ) adj. empirical, 
derived from experience C'ffV TSf^ Cl^HI 
( ), ( igat^l ?1 ) ; A^9f qaVa 

^f^'e^l I Opp. A priori. 

Apostle ) n. one deputed to preach 

Apostrophe t 1 

the gospel ( ' 

ntsfjT, I — toiic adj. I 

Apostrophe ( ) n. (in grammar) 1 

a mark ( ’ ) showing the omission of a | 
leMter I 

^1^^^ fb^ ; a sudden turning away of a ! 
speech to address some one dead or ab- I 
sent "<iIS8[t^ ^ I 

C^t^l W I — phise ( —m^vi ( 

V. i. I ! 

Apothecary ( il'irti’c^pR ) n. a compounder 
and seller of medicines 
^1"-?!^ I 

Appal ( ) V. /. to terrify I 

- palling adj. si locking l 

Appanage ( ) grant of lands and 

feudal rights to the royal family C^t?^- 
R?fi c^9i-'5pt5 ^1^ R^?r, I 

Apparatus ( ) n. set of instru- 
ments, tools 

Apparel ( ) n. garments, dress ^t®r, 

C‘<l*r I —V. t. to dress >It®r Rf^1, 7[W\ I 

Apparent ( ) adj. visible 
C'f’*tlC»fR( ; obvious I ~|y adv. 

I — Heirapparent= 

5T1 I 

Apparition ( ) n. an appearance, 

ghost I?n3)i?n, I 

Appeal ( ) V. i. {to) to refer to a 
superior authority ^8^^^ 

; to make an earnest 

request C^nt^tR ^=11 I — n. ^STt^fl^T, 

; c-stt^tR I To 

prefer an appeal to the High Court 

\ —able adj. n^i. 

Appear ( ) v. t. to be into sight, 
be visible, to present one’s self C'f’*!! 

C*r, ^^Rs 31t^, i^tRf< ^ ; to seem 

C5Tt<r ^ I It appears=i)tc^j C*f'*ri ^tn, 

C^R IR I To appear in person=Rc«f ^RPf 


? I To appear by a person 

Appearance ( ) n. act of appear- 
ing ; a coming into 

view 'ec^TRtC&j ; outward look C^*1C j 

Cbi^RI, '$11^1, I 

To all appearance C*f^1 i To 
keep up appearances u tRs^-^ 

RRc^ ^ ; «t5iR C^19I1 1 To 

put in an appearance Rt:'^ 


Appease ( ) v. i. to pacify, to allay 
>11^5=11 R?rf, 

( Rrr ) 1 

Appellant ( ) n. one who makes an 
appeal R R R^C?1 C'^tt^lR 


Appellate ( ) adj. relating to 

appeals 1 

Appellation ( ) n. a name by which 
anything is called ^nlR, I 

— lative adj. >l1«ft^«i, 

R^^^ I 

Append ( attach to, to add 
^tR cw, nib^ »1M1, 

>lN»I‘a I — dant adj. 

Appendage ( ) tt. an addition c^t'fT 

R^1 ^^*1 ; c«tt^1 R ^z^U\ I 
Appendix ( vflC3lT'9^ ) «. a supplement ^Rl*T^, 
C»t^^ i^n(l ; Q^-\m\ ^I-Jt I —pi 

— dixes, — dices. 

Apperception ( ) n. selfconscious- 
ness ( ) R^^ R^C^ J 

Appertain ( ) v. i. to belong to 

I — tinent adj. pertaining to 
I — ing adj. I 

Appetence ( ), — tency ( — c^’R* ) n. 
an ardent desire ( of, for, after ) 

I — tent adj. 

Appetite ( ) n. natural desire for 
something ; hunger C^t^l 

Applaud [ 30 1 Approbation 

— tising adj. tending to whet appetite 

Applaud ( ) V. t. to praise by clapping 
the hands, to commend loudly 
^5?!^ »T5y!^, ^5^ I — ing 


Applause ( ) n. approbation loudly 


Apple ( ) n. a kind of fniit 

; pupil of the 

eye :t]f«T i Apple of discord 

Urn I 

Appliance ( ) ti. anything applied 

c^tc^Tl 5f3 I 

Applicable ( ) adj. suitable 

I bility fi. 


Applicant ( ) n. a petitioner 

Application ( ) n. the act of 

applying ’$11 ; external use 

of a remedy ( ff^?r ) : use 

; diligence, close atten- 
tion I 

Apply ( ) t’. /. to put to ; to use 
externally as a medicine ; to 

pay close attention to C^f ; to 

employ ’*{^11 — V. i. to petition 

; to suit «[!&, c^z^ 2— That 
example docs not apply to me=C^^ 

^^ZW I He applied to the 
Doctor for permission to apply the medicine— 

Appoint ( ) V. t. to fix 

; to name to an office 
C^f I — ed adj. edf^^ i — ment n. 

engagement ; situation 

; decree, order I To make 

an appointment W 
^iz'i^z^ I 

Apportion ( ) v. t. to portion out 
to divide Cff, ^tf5 I 

Apposite ( ) adj. proper, suitable 
) —ness n. i 

Apposition ( ) n. placing of two 
nouns in the same case Tj^gsi »r^ ^Z^ 


Appraise ( ) v. f. to set a price on 

Bl? C^5 

CSJi^l I — ment n. valuation I 

Appreciate ( ) v. t. to estimate 

highly C'*J!^ 

C^f5 J —able adj. perceptible “^i^r 
I — tion n. m c^jsl 
I —tive adj. 'Q'T® i 

Apprehend ( )?’./. to seize C5I^;§t^ 

, to consider C^t*t ; t(j 

fear $l!*T^l i —hensible-- per- 
ceptible I — hension n. arrest 

C519l^ ; fear $li*r^l, ; conception 

— hensivc adj. quick to comprehend 
; afraid of someth- 
ing adv'erse I 

Apprentice ( ) n. a person bound 

to another to learn a trade or some oilier 
work vsr2ll^^, —ship 

n. I 

Apprise ( i£m''att'5r' ) v. t. to infonn 
C'f, '^^=1 C^f, ^ CW I 

Approach ( vU^T^{5" ) v. i- to come near 
I — V. t. to draw 
near to ; approximate 

$l^^n ^1 —Ji. access ; 

a path The approaches to the 

ferry='^l^’^1^N i —able 

adj. The king'' is not 

approachable to all--=7f^^5rl^^ 

^5^ 5rfn?r ’f^i ^T^?r, 


Approbation ( ) n. approval 

$l^CSJt»f5T, I — batory adj. 


[ 31 ] 


Appropriate ( ) r;. t. to set apart 

for a purpose or for one’s self 

I —adj. suitable 

I — Jy adv. properly' iS^- 

5 ^ 1 :^ I — priation n. application to a 
particular use. 

— b:ii Pi<rr?i^ i 

Approve ( ) v. f. to sanction 

C't, ; lo commend 

<15^ I — proval ( — ) 71. sanction 
I — prover tt. one who 

approves ; one 

who turns Ivout’s evidence "'^^1 

‘^.‘3 1 I 

Approximate ( t. or v. i. to 

bring near, to cause to approach ^1, 
^t?r ^*dl5T c^l^'l ^ ' — ^^d/. nearest ^^5^1 

'C-bf^, tTid C'^f?! — ly cidv. 

nearly £1^ i 

Appurtenance ) n. that which 

belongs to something else 5^*514 

I Appurtenance of Ian(I= 

«r<pi i 

Apricot ( ) 71. a kind of eatable fruit 

( I 

April ( ) n. the fourth month of the 

year s4 -;1?, 6’^^ C*T5 

I April-fool =^ra51 a«f5] 

f^JTl C*tW!pT ®ll^" I — fish= 


Apriori ( ) n. reasoning from cause 

to effect C'ff^ fd«t? 

Apron ( ‘s3.2(?T ) n. a piece of cloth worn to 
protect the dress c^ffdl d'SWtfId 

d^lint^ I To be 

tied to a woman’s apronstrings=5Jt^^ 
Itfs ffCd 

ill I 

Apropos (iflEtn’) adv. or adj. (to, of) in 
reference to*d^:^, ( Cdl ) ; opportune 

dsjnnfb^ I 

Apt ( ) adj. liable nd1 ; fit, qualified, 

suitable ^^1 ready, prompt 

•JTI^ I —ness n. 1 — ly adv. 

properly l 

Aptitude ( ) 71. fitness C^t^T^I, 

dlid ; (for) tendency I 

Aqua ( 13 ^^ 1^1 ) n. water ni^ 1 

Aquarium ( ) ii. an artificial tank 

for keeping aquatic animals 
cnl^i ill I 

Aquarious ( 'iir^tC^fd^Ttb; ) n. the eleventh 
sign of the zodiac ^d dlf*! I 

Aquatic ( >5i:^ii:'<[i^^ ) adj. living or growing 
in water W^TW, ntdl^ C?1?d d| 8v^^'| W^d 1 
—ties (pi.) ^fdt^ ?^di I 

Aqueduct ( ) v. an artificial channel 
for conveying water ntdt 
dlf% r^f^l •Stfid. I 

Aqueous ( af. watery 
fdfldl, ndi^h ’t'.dilTJ I —vapour n. 
d|5^f I — quosity 7i. ^id i 

Aquila ( ) n. f^ddtft ^d'l, Cd!d;«^ 

“f3dd bdtl I 

Aquiline ( ) ) adj. like the eagle or 
like the beak of an eagle Rlld 

c^!&d d:d c^t«i I 

Arable ( vfl]:dd;pt ) adj. fit for tillage CdRfd 
Cdi^y, d;tldt?t I 

Arabesque ( ^tdt(:d^: ) ‘dU^l^l ^fd 

tflf^ Ic&t ^fd f^?td^ C^1di dt5 I 

Arbiter, Arbitrator ( ^if^^td;, ^t1%:S&d ) 
n. one chosen to decide a dispute 
5tf^b C^'!«3[td I — Fern. — tress, — tratrix. 

Arbitral Tribunal i Arbitration 

ddi’^ld'^?! I 

Arbitrary ( dRtf^c^fd ) adj. despotic ^firntd 
I — rily adv. ^l^dd 
cdffe^tditd^, ^TC^^Id I — riness «. 

Arbitrate ( ) v. i. to decide 


[ 32 ] 


C^9\ I —tration n. 
I To submit or refer 

to arbitration 

Arboriculture ( ) n. the culture 

of trees {Arbor =={rct) I 

Arbour ( ) n. a bower 



Arc ( ) n. 'd segment of a circle 

^’n-T I 

Arcade ( ) n. a walk having arches 

over 511 

"rfift I 

Arcadian ( ) ?i. a native of Arcadia^ 

an ideal rural region of Greece, hence 
an ideal rustic 

I — adj. pastoral, simple, as 

Arcadian bliss ^t?9!l?II I 

Arcanum ( ) n. a mystery 'O^ ; 

I pi. Arcana. 

Arch ( ) fi. cons tRict ion in a brick or 

stone building in the form of a segment 
of a circle 

I — ed 

adj. «l¥l I •— way= 

Arch ( ^{1^ ) adj. chief a«f1^ ( ), 

C^IC^T an arch enemy — f^*r1^, W I 

Archaeology ( ) n. the seience 

of ascertaining the histoiy of mankind 
by the study of ancient remains <^«f| 
f65ic5ii^i5i W 

I — legist n. 

I — logical adj. 

Archaic ( ) adj. obsolete 

I — chaism ( — ) n. 

I — use ac?rt^T i 

Archangel ( ) n. a chief angle 

fififtJT I 

Archbishop ( ) n. chief bishop 

Archdeacon ( ) n. a chief deacon 

( s?1^5r ) I 

Archer ( ) n. one who shoots with a 

bow I — y n. art of shooting with 

a bow I 

Archetype ( ‘he original 

pattern or model ^ l 

Archipelago ( ) n. a sea con- 
taining many islands '»1C^Wl?l s|^| 


Architect ( ) n. a cliicd' builder 

I — tecture ( ) n. the 

science of building >T5f| 

I tectural, 

—tectonic adj. f »151 i 

Archives ( ) ;/. a place where the 

government records are kept ; 

(pi.) public records 5#f?l ; vf#t?ri 

^^\9\ I 

Arctic ( ) adj. relating to the extreme 


i Arctic circle— i -ocean 

I — regions— c^*r i 

Ardent ( ) adj. hot ; passionate 

^151, ^St5l?r1 ; zealous ®5f, 

I — dency u. eagerness 
l—ly adv. ^5 I Ardent 

spirits=^5l 5iJf I 

Ardour ( ) u. warmth, eagerness 

«ri^i%, ^51^, I 

Arduous ( ) adj. diOicult to accom- 
plish, laborious i 

— ly adv . — ^ness n. I 

Are ( ) plural of is, sec Am 1^5, 

^ I 

Area ( ) n. an open surface 

il^ ; the superficial contents of a georiie 

trical figure 


Areca ( ) n. a genus of palm such as 

betel-nut i 


[ 33 ] 


Arena ( ) n. any open place of public 
contest i 

Arenaceous ( ) adj. i 

Areography ( ) n. 


Areola ( ) n. small open space ^«f5Jt5T 
; rose circle surrounding nipple 

Argent ( ) adj. ^5tI i 

Argil ( ) n. white clay, potter’s earth 

c®f’^?ri ^rtf? ; I 

Argue ( ) V. t. ( agaitist, for, with, 

about to discuss, to reason 

; to prove • — gument 

n. discussion ; reason I For 

the sake of argument— 

111^^ I — tation n. i 

— tative adj. i 

Arid ( dry, parched 

«f^?rl I — dity, — ness n. 

' 0*1 1 

Aries ( ) n. the Ram of the zodiac 
3Itf«f53|i'4 ^tf% I 

Aright ( ) adv. rightly, 


Arise ( ) v. i. to rise up, to get up 
'S^Tl, ; originate ?! I — pa. p. arisen 
( ) I 

Aristocracy ( ) n. government by 
nobles ^t«- 

casi^ ; the nobility 

or the chief persons of a state 

I — crat n. one who belongs to an 
aristocracy ; 

an arrogant person * — cratic 

adj. ^:si C«f^, 


Arithmetic ( ) n. the science of 
numbers I '—metical adj. 

^»riarf%^^ > — metically ado. i 

—metician n. Arithmetical progression— 


o, 8, ^1 9, 

Ark ( ) a chest, a rough wooden vessel 

( as Noah^s ) cn^1, I 

Arm ( ) n. a limb of the body from the 

shoulder to the hand ; anything 
projecting from the main body 

; (pi.) Arms 

I Arm-chair ^Tt^r i 

Arm in arm^^t^^ » At arm’s 

length ^'25tf5STtf^ I With open amis= 
Wr-^r^ I Arm of the sea=>it^^^ C®t?[t^ i 
Firearms=r^t^ i Man-at-arms = C^ftWl i 
Of all arms=^?pr5n i Stand 

of arms=^^^ 

I To lay down arms= 5 t^ 
f\^U I Up in arms=^^t^ ^ I 

A passage at arms='5i^^^ ; ^# 5 ^ j Armed 
forces I 

Arm V. t. to furnish with arms 

7\Vf I — ed adj. Armed body=--^^<ft4\ 

Armada ( ) n. a collection of armed 
ships Winter 

idVb ?f1 ^t?!W >T^3^ I 

Armageddon ( ) n. final battle- 
field of supreme conflict between the 
powers of good and evil C*l^ 


Armament ( ) n. forces armed for 
war ^<1 ; the guns with 

which a battleship is equipped 

Armature ( ) n. arms ; armour 


Armistice ( ) n. a short cessation of 
hostilities ; 

Armlet ( ) n. ornament worn on the 

arm I 

Armour ( ) n. defensive dress STt^ 


[ 34 ] 


C^t? ; heraldic insignia 


1 — morial ad;, belonging to armour 
I — er n. 

<n:7*1^1, I — ry,— ory ( ) «. a 

repository of arms ^l ^1 'SIoJ C^t?1 


Armpit ( ) n. the hollow undf*- ^he 

shoulder i 

Army ( ) n. a large body of armed men 

C*1^W, C^1 ; a great number ^s’*fTl I 

Army corps ( ) comprising 30,000 

to 40,000 strong of all arms, divided into 
3 divisions =6 brigades =24 battalions 
I Standing army =Tt#t im 

Amotto ( ) n. a kind of tree the seed of 

which is used in colouring yellow I 

Aroma ( ) n. sweet smell 

; a subtle charm «*l I 

— matic adj. fragrant ^5Tf%, 
cirrriii?i I —tics I 

Around ( prep, or adv. on all sides 

of I 

Arouse ( ) v. t. to awaken (see rouse) 

W'nl, c^t^, >lt^ ; to stir up 

into activity i 

Arquebus ( ) n. a hand-gun used 

in olden times I 

Arraign ( ) v.t. to call one to answer a 

charge in court, to accuse 
45^ I 

Arrange ( ) v.t. to act in order 

«r, ar^rl, ■>TW1 ; 

to settle <4rST?? C^|-w1 tS^- 

^1 — ment n. f^fwsT, f?5l, ’5^»r1, 

C^1-W1, ^r?t«R, I — ging 

Arrant ( ) adj. downright '*^^1 ; 

infamous I Arrant thief= 

I Arrant fool=^«^9f, i 

Array ( ) v. t. to arrange f??1 mU ; 

to equip 9i5[1 | —n. dress ^tW ; order 
f?5l, >5W»r1 i In military 

array=^^ jTfirw^^, i 

Arrear ( ) n. that which remains 
unpaid or undone <R, I 

To fall into arrears=^t5ft i T6 be in 
arrears=c?=Tl W?l1 

«rt I 

Arrest ( ) v. t. to obstruct, to restrain 
?is^, ?R ; to seize by warrent 

CST^t? I — n. seizure by warrant 

I Under arrest = 

CfiT^^ ^511, I —Hook 

irf^ C^t*f ^1^ f^sits^ ^(6 I 

Arrive ( ) v. i. (at) to reach, to 

come to a place C^IC^TI nt ; 

to achieve one’s purpose W®T 3J, 

This movement has arrived— 

I — rival n. the act of coming 
cnt?fc^1 ; persons or things 
that arrive ^1 nt?K 

C*ftal W I Until his arrival 

Arrogance ( ) n. insolence of bear- 

ing, undue assumption of importance 
WSTt^tf^ I — gant 
adj. overbearing C*r^t^, I 

— gantly adv. 1 

Arrogate ( ) v. t. to claim unduly 

and proudly '5rtC’^|J=T 9T5^t»l 

^Z9\Z^ ^ I 

Arrow ( vil^;T5|1 ) n. a pointed weapon for a 
bow c«f^^ I Arrow-head=^1^^ i 
Arrow-shot=ft?:^ ]ffV cnt?[1 ^ 1 — y adj. 

Arrowroot ( ) «. 

^t2g[4 nn 

Ares ( ^'\i : ) n. C^H i 

Arsey-versey adj. 1 


t 35 ] 


Arsenal ( ) n. a magazine or 
manufactory of military stores 'Biaf- 

»f3ff ^«ri 311 I 

Arsenic ( ) n. a mineral poison 

I Yellow arsenic i 

Arson ( ) n. the crime of burning a 

house maliciously ^ 

cnt^l c»ft^ ; I 

Art ( ) n. practical skill 

; (/>/.) skill as applied to subjects 
of taste ; a craft 7[K'^U^ 

; an academi- 
cal course of learning ^65 

Master of Arts= 

; artifice I —full 

adj. I —less adj. 

S1W=T1, CftWl I Fine arts {opp. 

useful arts) 


I To be art and part in=3i5tc<1 
9{^ 0^1^511 C^51 I Black art = 

ta'5ft3»T, I The liberal 

Artel ( ) n. I 

Artery ( ) n. vessel conveying blood 

from the heart 

n^1 C^t^l I 

Artesian ( ) adj. relating to boring 

of wells until water is reached 
(?rr9!t?^t^ «r5Ti f^iR i 
Artichoke ( ) n. 

Article ( ) n. particular substance 

; a single clause or term ; a 

point in an agreement, a condition 
*fV1, iRUt^ ; a literary composition 


a, an, the ^[CWt^1 I — v. i. to bind by 

articles Wtm^ I Articled clerk= 

I Articles of A 880 ciation= 

f^<ft5T I Articles of war= 
^ I 

Articulate ( ) adj. having joints 

; distinct I — v. t. to joint 

CWt^l ; to pronounce words distinctly 
I — lation n. ; CWt^1 nt^r ; 


Arit^ ( ) n. a device ^pf^, 

; a trick I — ficer n. a 

skilful workman 

I — cia! adj. made by human 
skill, not natural 

; affected, — Moon 

I — cially adv. C^t^- 


Artillery ( ) n. ordnance C^tn, 

, the men who manage the offen- 
sive weapons of war such as connon etc. 
C^spiftsf mu I 

Artisan ( ) n. one who is versed in 

any art f%^r3T»Ul- 3^511 ; a mechanic 

^tb?, f^]f^ I 

Artist ( ) n. one who practises one 
of the fine arts as painting, sculpture 

I — tic, — tical adj. according to art 

^ 1 , « 1 ^ 1 , 

^?rl I — cally adv. 

Arum ( ) n. i 

Aryan ( ^ f^^rt^T ) n. & adj. relating to the 
family of civilised nations of the olden 
times '5[t^T I 

’ As ( ) adv. conj. & pron. in like manner 
; for example ; because 
;that I As to, as for=f^^ I As it were 
9[:9f, OT As well=f>!c^t«, «rf«r^ i 
As well as=^5ltC5T, 'e c'SCsrtaiJ I As if, as 
though =wt^?1 I As far as=f^>ft5T ^ I As 
soon as=C3lf^tt i As yet='^f^t^z^ i 
Asafotida ( ) n. %, »ilf^n 
^ ^i\ I 


t 36 ] 

Asbestos ( ) n. white or greyish 

mineral substance 

ftFirn ^ I 

Ascend ( ) v. t. or v. i. to climb, to 

mount up I — cendent, 

— dant adj, superior mi^y i 

— cendency, — dancy n. controlling’ mflu- 
cnce I 

Ascension ( ) n. a rising up 

Ascent ( ) n. upward movement, 

; acclivity \e^ ?rl ; a 

flight to steps ven^tsf I Line of 

ascent^^Wf^aft i 

Ascertain ( ) v. t. to make certain, 
to determine f^»6^ 

SffsT, »f, I —able adj. 

1 — ment n. f^»5? i 

Ascetic ( ) n. a hermit, an austere 

recluse 5T?iTt3f*l, I 

— al adj. austere 
f^t^, I — icism n. 


Ascribe ( ) v. t. to impute, to attri' 

bute 'crru^tn c*f, 

^ I — bable adj. Afk^- 

♦f^1 I — cription n. i 

Aseptic ( ) adj. not liable to 

putrefaction 'STtf^ I 

— surgery i 
Ash ( 'il*r:) n. vflfitir 5r? I {pi.) the 

remains of what is burnt w\t ; {jig. ) a 
dead body I Ash'bucket=?t^«rT5^? 

cnc^ftifl nt3i I Ash leach i To 
lay in ashes=‘’j[f% i — y adj. ash- 

coloured like ashes f i 

—can wm nrfs I — tray f5STlC^^«rt^ I 
Ashamed ( ifl'C5rs[^ ) ad;, {for, of) affected 
with shame ®ltwrnt?[1 I 

Ashore ( ) adv. on shore 


Asiatic ( ) or Aslan adj. & n. 

; ^nfhrtTf^ i 

Aside ( ) adv. on one side 

; apart ; 


^Z^y I To set aside 
( a judgment ) =^if l 
Asinine ( ) adj. like an ass 


Ask ( ) V. t. to question, to inquire 

c^1*r ; to claim Jrt’ft I — v. i. 

( about, for ) to request C«ftW, I 

— ing «. petition It can be had 

for the cnT?( i 

Askance, Askant ( ) adv. 

sideways, obliquely I 

To look askance— C5t?1, 

C5t^1 I 

Askew ( ) adv. obliquely I 

Aslant ( ) adj. or adv. in an 

oblique manner 

Asleep ( ) adj. or adv. in sleep 

Asp ( ) n. ®t^9l >rl*f I 

Asparagus ( ) n. a garden plant 

»[t^ I 

Aspect ( »iir"Pl%; ) n. a look ; view I 
appearance ; position 


Aspen ( ) n. 

^1^ #fn «[tr3p I -^adj. trembling ; 

timorous '®? C’^Tf^l I 

Asperifoliate ( vi}’«p(tf^^*f«Tnr&: ) adj. having 
rough leaves ( ^ ) I 

Asperse ( ) v. t. to slander fjpjfl 

; to be sprinkle with nt^ 5f5?rt^ C*f i 
—Sion n. slander ^nf1, ; spinning 

I — sire, — sory adj. 

Asphalt ( ) n. vsf^if 

^rrf^ ^ 



[ 37 3 

Asphyxia ( ) n. ^ C^51 i 

Aspirant ( ) n. ( afUT, for ) one 

who aspires ; candidate ^ 


Aspirate ( ) v. t. to pronounce 

with full breath ^1^*1 

) I —n. ( I 

To drop one’s aspirates— “if” ^651^«T 

®t»i c^tcnt^i ^1 C3sr^^ f55t I 
— ration n. (;^C5T^?ri I — rator n. 

C^tC=Tl ^3 I 

— ratory adj. 

Aspire ( R ) v. i. to desire eagerly 

( followed by to or after ) ^1»I1 | 

— ration n. an ardent wish ^56 

—ring adj. i —ingly 


Aspirin ( ) ^tts 


Asquint ( ) adv. or adj. obliquely 


Ass ( (iiS" ) n. a quadruped of the horse 
family ‘!Tt«t ; a stupid fellow C^?1, 

^11^5 I Asses’ bridge (i^ 

) I To mount 

the ass=:c*f^f^^1 5 i 

Assagai ( ) n. 

f^ft vnf^K I 

Assail ( ) V. t. to attack ^t3R«l 

I — able adj. I — ant n. one 

who assaults I 

Assassin ( ) n. one who kills secretly 

^<r i 

Assassinate ( ) v. t. to murder 

by secret assault 23 [^l ^«r 

I — nation n. ^1, I — nator n. 

Assault ( ) «. a sudden attack 

<1^1, I — r. t. to 

attack upon 

«f^ ; 51^ ^1 I 

Assay ( ) v. t. to examine by trial 

51 ( *ilij ) i —v. i. to 
attempt C5^1 » —n. I 

Assay-master=c^1«l-^n^ C51?I1 

Kl^ I 

Assemble ( <il5;-C5’^9T ) v. t. to collect, to 
gather C'nt^l, ; to congregate 

6nl \ —V. i. to meet together <11, C^tl? 

— blage ( — "C^Sf ) n. a collection of 
persons or things 5^, I — bly 

n. a gathering of persons >Tsitw, 

I Unlawful assembly 

Assembly ^^1^1 i 

Assent ( ) v. i. {to) to concur 

with, to agree to as true >TT1 

5 I — n. an agreeing I 

Royal assent 


Assert ( ) v. t. to affirm ^ ; to 

lay claim to anything ^^5 

I — tion n. affirmation 3p«lt ; claim I 

— ti?e adj. positive I To assert 

one’s self=-^^flf%^1 
3P«I1 ^ I 

Assess ( i55~-C5’5f ) V. t. ( upon ) to fix as a 
tax, to impose a tax upon 

; to estimate the value of a 
property I 

—able adj. — ment n. ; 

I —or n. trt^ ; C^C^Tl 

Csit^^5i1 ?iytf^S&^ I 

Assets ( ) n. ( pL ) effects of a 
deceased or insolvent person Tl 

C^tCSlIs^^ ; the entire property of 

a merchant or company 

I Personal assets= 

• ( sing . ) item in a balance 

sheet sf^Fl ; any useful possession 

or quality I 

Assiduity ( v4i5>f5^^f? ) n. diligence ^ \ 
— duous adj. diligent J 

I — duously adv. 


[ 38 ] 


I ) V. t. to allot c? ; 

to make over ; to ascribe 

; to fix, to determine 

f^4r*r ^5?, ; to bring forward rea- 
sons I — able adj. — ^signee n. 

one to whom any right or property is 
assigned, one charged with the martagc- 
ment of a bankrupt’s estate \ 

C^C^TI ^ 

R?ri I 

— ^mcnt n. anything assigned ?^tf% 

f^^«r I —of property 

ni5 I 

Assimilate ( ) v. t. { to, with ) to 
make similar fk^ ; 

incorporate I — v. i. ^ I 

— lation n, i — lative 

—adj. n^l I 

Assist ( ^31-Tb^ ) V. t. to help I 

— V. i. to be present at a ceremony 
C^tzm «ft^ I — ance n. 

help ; relief I —ant «. i 

Assize ( ) V. t. to fix the price 

fe<P I — es n. ipL) C55R 

Associate ( vfl5-5T»r’nf^: ) v. t. to join in 
company | 

— V. i. ( with ) to keep company 

I —n. W, I 

— ation n. union ; a society >[^1, 

I Association of ideas 
^ Ctff^ c®r^i C^niRI 
^S11 3}5^ cnt:31t?rl l —live adj. 

Assoil ( ) V. t. to absolve from sin 

ntn3? n^i ^^Tt^f® *rH 


Assonance ( ) «• similarity in sound 

'^9fT®i ^1 I 

Assort ( *11^-51?; ) V. t. to distribute in 

classes %<f f^Ctf tst^f 5^? ; to arrange >isf1, 

I — ment n. act of assorting 
®t^ ®t^ 5R«I I 

Assuage ( ) v. t. to soften 
^ ; to mitigate 1J51, ^3?, <»rt®»n I 

Assume ( ) v. t. to adopt »!, 

^ ,* to take for granted ^ ®tf^ ®T ; 
to usurp ^5i\i>1 v\ ; to 

pretend to possess <Tff® i — mable 

adj. »T3T I — ed adj. ^fl®, fff®, 

3|sf^® I — ing adj. haughty I 

Assumption ( ) n. a supposition 

f%3Tl 5r^«i ; i 

Assure ( ) v. t. to assert positively 

^ ; ®tfe ^ ; to make sure C?, 

®^>11 C*f I — ranee n. confidence 
®^>11 ; Insurance I — ed 

adj. certain f^*6?r, l — edly adv. 

certainly f^»6^ i — edness n. lRf»5® ®R i 
— er n. I 

Assurgent adj. i 

Astatic adj. I 

Asterisk ( ) n. the mark ( * ) used in 
printing ®^(-fsi^ ( * ) I 

Asterism ( ) n. a cluster of stars 
f®51^1 ®^1 (***)! 

Astern ( ) adv. towards the hinder 

part of a ship ’ll? 3Fl«lb^ I 

Asthma ( iilW^sil ) n. a kind of disease 

characterised by wheezing and shortness 
of breath OTR, 

I — matic adj affected by asthma 

Astir ( ) pre. or adv. on the move 
>iwt‘»r^®tc:3r, ^:'5fw®®tc?, i 

Astonish ( ) v. t. to amaze, to surprise 
®irt»l'yi1 I —ing adj. 
wonderful I —ment I 

Astound (. ) V. /.to amaze to strike 

dumb with sudden fear or wonder ®^ir 
91^1, I — stounding adj. 

®«fTfl^l1, ®rl®^® I 

Astraddle ( ) adv. in a straddling 

position ®f^ 'e»rf5t 1 


t 3§ ] 


LStragal ( ) n. hard shell as of 

snails ; 

convex, rounded moulding ^5 
5T^ ; moulding or ring round a cannon 
near the mouth fnc^T 

LStral ( ) adj. belonging to stars 

; starry <5^1 I Astral 

plane '9‘fT^ i — body l — spirits= 

Lstray ( ) adj. out of the right way 

( To lead astray 

=^5Ttc& &»n I 

Utridc ( ) adv. with the legs across 

Astringent ( ) adj. binding 

< — a. a medicine that 
causes costivencss if^^, 


istrology ( ) n. the first stage of the 

science of stars 

I — ger n. ^«T^, I — trological adj. 
\stronomy ( ) n. the science of the 

heavenly bodies cW3lf^^*Il5f I — nomcr n. 
C®rTtf^f^^ I — nomical adj. 


Astute ( ) adj. shrewd, crafty, 

C^sr^, I — ly adv. —ness n. 

Asunder ( ) adv. into parts C'fl- 

‘ I As poles asunder 

I Tear asunder = tear to 
pieces C^t«r^ C^W « 

Asylum ( «il5l^8iTlx ) n. a place of refuge or 
protection especially for the invalid and 
the helpless I Lunatic Asylum= 

I Leper Asylum— sfT^^ 


Asymmetry ( ) n. absence of symmetry 

1 — icai 

adj. » . 

At ( ) prep. '«RTir 

■r^-~-^yr4^?rt^ c^sr ‘‘t5” ( ^wi-^ ) i 

At all=c^ti:J11 vffcs}, I At once = 

I At school — If I 

Atavism ( ) n. reappearance of 

remote ancestral qualities 
'Slf^ ai^5T fsi? ; rever- 



Ate ( ) past tense of eat ^Tfr^r ; i 

Atelier ( ) n. workshop, artist's 

studio f535«rt5I1 I 

Atheism ( ) «. disbelief in the 

existence of God 5}^, I 

—theist n. i 

I Athirst adj. thirsty ; eager 

I for ?Tt^9T, ‘it^l I 

j Athlete ( ) n. a contender of victory 

I at strength sjtsf, l — ^letic adj. 

strong ?rs?l, I Jctics n. ( pi. ) 

Pri^ii I 

Athwart ( ) prep, across and side- 

wise I 

I Atlas ( ) n. a collection of maps 

j I 

! Atmosphere ( ) n. the air that 

surrounds the earth ; any 

surrounding influence 

I — pheric adj. 

Atom ( ) n. a particle of matter too small 

to be divided >1^ ^'*1, 

C«^tirtf^, ; anything 

very small C^1C:=71 I Atomic 

philosophy i Atomic theory = 

I —Bomb C’TI^I I Atomic warfare 

Atone ( 'i!^ ) V. i. or v. t. ( for ) to make 

reparation, to expiate K J to 

make amends \ — ment n. 

•flitter, I 


I 40 ] 


Atrocious ( ) adj. extremely wicked 

I— city n. i 

Atrophy ( ) n, wasting away, emacia- 
tion C^t-sT ; ^\5 I 

Atropos ( ) n. f?? i 

Attach ( vii&"C^Q5 ) V. t. to seize C-2FT^ ; to 
fasten I — v. i. to adhere sit^, 

iR I — ed adj. seized ; fixedf ; 

joined by affection i — ment n. 

affection ; seizure of 

property by certain legal process C3J»t^ I 
Attache ( ) n. jne attached to the 

suite of an ambassador 

Attack ( ) V. t. to assult ?P?, 

; to fall upon ( as of diseases ) 

I —n. an onset I 

Attain ( ) v. i. to reach by effort, to 
obtain ^11 ~v. i. {to ) to arrive 

at 'srtf? I —able adj. I —ment 

n, fif-ffg ; •yf^Pir I (/>/.) acquirements 

Attar ( ) n. I 

Attemper ( ) v. t. to mix in due 

proportion, to temper ( of metals ) | 

; to moderate a»lf5]t5 5^5^, 


Attempt ( to try, to make an 

effort ; to attack '5ft3?51«T I ~v.i. 

3^ I — n. endeavour CS^I, 51^ ; attack 
I To attempt the life of=^tt^?t3T C5^1 

Attend ( ) v. t. & V. i. {on) to wait 
upon l ; to accompany to 

be present at ; (to ) to fix the 

mind on ?5t«i i To attend on a 

person=9i‘!t^ i To attend 

to an advice i 

— ance n. act of attending ; 

presence i To dance 


' »Ttf^f I Attendance register • 

— ant adj. accompanying i— ant 

n. one who attends ^t^KRl, 

ntf^^ I 

Attention ( ) n. head ; civil- 

ty ; care i 

— interj. f»r?ri 5(1^ I 

To pay attention=^55f«3st«i 
— tions ( pi. ) 

I — tive adj. mindful 
I — tively adv. carefully "sm fif, 

CTl^ I 

Attenuate ( ) v. t. to make thin 
^ I — r. h grow less 

5 I — ation n. • — ative 


Attest ( ) V. t. to testify, to subscribe 

53ft I — ed adj. C^t^t! I 

—ation 5|t I 

Attire ( ) n. dress cnlSt^P, i 

—V. t. to dress fn^l, >IfW ( 

Attitude ( ) n. posture ; 

gesture ; feeling c^^- 

I To strike an attitude ; of 

mind=5j?l^ I 

Attorney ( ) n. a solicitor, one legally 

authorised to conduct case for another 

^«rr, csit^t^, I 

—General i Power of attorney 

=C^W\^ ^t5f1 I —ship n. 

Attract ( ) V. t. to draw to 

h^y to entice I —traction n. 

* I — ive adj. alluring i 

' = tively adv. — tiveness n. 

Attribute ( ) v. i. to ascribe, to 

impute I — «. a quality '®«i, 

I — table adj. that may be ascribed 
I — bution n. imputation, 
commendation I — butive adj. ^*1- 

?i65p I — «. ( *r^ I — ly 


[ 41 ] 


Attrition ( ) n. act of wearing out by 
friction ^ 


Attune ( ) V, t. to put in tunc 


Auburn ( ) adj. reddish brown ^W(- 
I Aureate i 

Auction ( ) n. a public sale to the 

highest bidder i — v. t. to sell by 

auction I — eer n. 


Audacious .( '3r,TO'g't5^ ) adj. daring, bold 

— city, —ness n. daring spirit 
I — ly adj. 

Audible ( ) adj. to be heard ^1, 

I — bly adv. I 

Audience ) n. the act of hearing 

; judicial hearing ; a ceremonial 

interview ®t3r< C^r^T 

They had the audience of the king=C^'5- 

MZ^ ; an 

assembly of hearers * To give 

audience to=^i’^t^ C'f i 

Audit ( ) n. an examination of accounts 

under authority \ -~v. t. f^b!?r 

I -—or n. 

Audition ( C^Z^ 

; '(S^\ I 

Auditor-General C^l^l 


Audiometer ( ) n. 

Augean ( ) adj. filthy ; 

difficult I To cleanse the augean sta- 
bles=^5 •^zm^ ; 


Auger ( ) n. a boring instrument 


Aught n. anything (TJ^ C^tC^lbf^Tl i 

Augment ( ) v. t. to increase f 

C^fb I — V. i. to grow larger C^ib 
^ I — mentation n. increase c^fb i 

Augur ( ) n. a diviner >T^^- 

iBfR I —V. t. to foretell 

^ I —V. i. to guess 
I To augur ill or well= 
C5^S1 ^1 «t9T ^5511 I — y n. 

7i\ I 

August ( ) n. I 

( ) I 

August ( ) adj. venerable ; 

majestic >3t5|nrf^^ I 

Aunt ( ) n. a father’s or a mother’s 

sister, or the wife of one’s uncle ; 

cn?l ; I 

Aureola, Aureole ( ) n. a. circle of 

radiating light, as in eclipses 

blF ; celestial crown supposed 

to be granted to the saints, martyrs and 
doctors \5t^?r, ’sflf 

Auricle ( ) n. the external ear 3Pt«T^ 

; ipL) C^t^l ^^1 I 

— cular adj.' pertaining to the ear 


Auriferous ( ) adj. producing gold 

C>Tt^^’3n I 

Auriform ( ) adj. car-shaped ^1«f^ 


Aurora ( ) n. the Goddess of dawn 

; the dawn 'si^c] i Aurora Borealis 
( the meteoric light seen in 

latitudes tPli:»T ^Z^W C'strtf^’t^VT I 

Aurora Austrealis ( 

Aurum ( ) C>rt«f^ ^Tt^i i 

Ausculate ( ) v. t. art of sounding 

or listening the noises made by heart, 
lungs and other internal organs ^pfsrafl, 
»T=?f C<n 
I —ion n. TM'^^ 1 

— ory adj, i 


[ 42 ] 


Auspice ( ) n. an omen drawn from 

observing the flight and the cries of birds 
I (/»/.) patronage 
I Under the auspices i 

Auspicious ( ) adj. having good 

omens of success, favourable '95, ' 

I — ly adv. — ^ness n. j 

Austere ( ) adj. severe ; j 

sober I — ly adv. — terity n. i 

severity of manners of life i 

I I 

Authentic ( ) adj. real, genuine j 

'5ft 6ST, I — ticate v. t. to make ; 

authentic 'Sf'^ST ; to certify 

as true 5 ft I — city n. genuineness : 

>15:^1 I —cation i 

Author ( ) n. one who produces anything 

?p4i ; a writer or an original book C^'^f^, 

Authorise or — rize ( 

authority to I Authorised version^ 

?'?fJ^t^ C^t^l Si%\ ■ 

I -Hsation n. i 

Authority ( ) n. legal power or right 

; document giv- 
ing certain power ; permission 

^^5} ; {pi-) persons in power 

?r1 5^t? I 

— tative adj. fw?rl ; 

I — tatively adv. — ness n. 

Autobiography ( ^,c5t^f5r’fiftf^ ) n. life of a 
person written by himself 
f^<f) I 

Autocrat ( ) n. an absolute sovereign 

?wi, I 

— cracy n. »rt^?T i 

Autograph ( ) n. one’s hand writing 

I — ic adj. f^C«f 

Automatic, — al ( ) adj. selfmoving 

^Tr*rt5Tl-^t<2[f?T PVI1 I —cally adv. • 

«ftc^ ) I 

— mation n. '3rtcnT5Tl-’5f1<:(f^ 59f1 ?ff I 

Automation *i\ \^ ; 


Automobile ( ) «. a motor car 

Autonomy ( ) n. the power of self- 

government f^CBf 

V5]t5( ; >Jp^\85l I — nomous adj. I 

Autotype ( ) n. true copy 

; a photographic printing pro- 
cess c^^»fvif?[r*i^ I 

Autumn ( '5f,^t^ ) n. the third season of the 
year '5fi:%t^? 

3)1 ^ft^ ) — al adj. I 

Auxiliary ( ) adj. helping, assisting 

I — n. ; ( in grammar) 

Avail ( 'ii’c^sT ) V. t. {of) to be of service to, 
to benefit C^tC^Tl ^Tsf 

5?f 3)C?f s\ I To avail 

one’s self an opportunity 51^ i 

— V. i. to be of use l — n. 

benefit, service 311® | — able adj. 

able to obtain ; profitable 

Avalanche ( ) n. a mass of snow or 

ice descending from a mountain 
5)51 ?r<j5qj^ *f’5f ; I 

Avant-courier ( 'S\V5^^ ) n. scouts of an 

army 'Sfl^^ «f^'1 5^ I 

Avant-garde ( ) «. the vanguard of 

an army '^^'1 ^^j^tf^sit^ I 

Avarice ( 3it:5f^5;^ ) n. excessive desire for 
wealth I 

- — cious adj. greedy of wealth «f5lC9rt^, 


Avast inierj. I 

Avaunt ( ) interj. begone C'^C*rt?j 
“95: I 95: 1” 

Avenge ( 3|i:®’?j'ssf~ ) v. t. ( on, upon ) to take 
vengeance ( upon ) «tf^?:»rr«f Vf, 

C^t»r I —er n. vf'dH i 

Avenue ( ) n. an entrance into a 



[ 43 

place, a handsome street lined by trees 


Aver ( ) V, t. to affirm positively 

^ I — -ment n. (law) 
the proof offered to a plea <213n«l, ^ fftt 

Average ( ) «. a mean proportion 

I On an ave- 

rage— I —adj. ordinary 
I Men of average intelligence= 


Averse ( ) adj. {to ) disinclined, dis- 
liking '5?^'®, I — sion n. dis- 
like, hatred ^‘=tj I —ness n. 

Avert ( ) V. t. to turn aside, to ward 

off ^<y ?t^«l f^5Tt4«l 

I — ed adj. —able adj. ^!^«1 n<1 I 

Aves ( I Aviation 

( ) n. I 

Aviary ( ) n. a place for keeping 

birds {pi. Aves.^ birds) 

Cnl5l ht I — rist n. | 

Aviate ( ) v. t. to manage or travel 

in flying machines ^1 ^W*fl 

I — ation n. ^ i — ator 

n. one who conducts a flying machine 

a flying man 

Avidity ( ) n. greediness 
C9It® I Avid adj. greedy i 

Avizandum ( ) n. withdrawal or 

suspending of a case by a judge for 
further consideration 

Avocation ( ) n. business, occupation 

Avoid ( ) V. t. to keep at a distance 
from, to shun ; to 

make void i —able adj. 

n^l I — ance n. v£i?i*i, i 

Avouch see Vouch. 

Avow ( ) V. t. to declare openly, to 

affirm, to confess sf, 

4R I — al n. I — edly adv. 


Await ( ) V. t. to wait for 
; to attend ^ I 

Awake ( v. t. to rouse from sleep 

I —V. t. to cease 
sleeping >it? nl I —adj. ; 

awake to danger. Wide awake = 

I Awaken=-to awake 
'sp^l I — ing n. & adj. ^1'5T^«1 i 

Award ( ) v. t. to adjudge 

C'f ; <o assign, to grant 
(?f ( C'^Z^ To award a prize ) —n. 

; nspf% ; a prize 1 i 

Aware ( ) adj. {of) apprised isst^, 


Away ( ) adv. at a distance ^l®^® I 

Away with him— ®t^ i Make 

away with ^ 51^ i To do away with= 
C»i^ ^5}, I To fall away=‘il4, 

I Go away^-'Sfs ^1 i 

Awe ( ^, ) n. reverential fear I 

— some ad/, i — struck adj. ®1® i 

Awful ( ) adv. dreadful 

( awful awfully =^'5tf®»T?r ) 

—ness n. 

Awhile ( ) adv. for a short time 


Awkward ( ) adj. clumsy 

; difficult to deal with 
^51, I — ly, adv. —ness 

n. I 

Awl ( ) «. a tool for piercing holes in 

leather | 

Awn ( ) n. the bread of paddy, barley 

etc. K\^, ^®Ilf^3? I 

Awning ( ) n. a screen 
n^i, I 

Awry ( ) adj. distorted, oblique 

; perverse I —adv. 

t 44 ] 


unevenly, aside I 

To look awry=c^^tftN 51 1 To walk 
awry=-«i5rtc^ i 

Axe, Ax ( ) n, i He has an axe to 

grind i 

Axil ( ) n. {Bot. ) I 

Axiom ( ) n. a self evident proof Wtf^^ 

I — matic adj. 

<2r5]tef^^ I 

Axis ( n. the axle or the line on 

which a body revolves I — pi. 


Axle ( ^=512^ ) n. a shaft in the nave of a 

Babacoote ( ^ ) n. species of lemur 
found of Madagascar C*lt^[1 

Babble ( ) v. i. to speak like a baby, to 

talk idly ; to 

tell secrets ^Stfw ^ I —n. senseless 

talk, prattle I — bier 

i —Wing n. 

Babe ( ) or Baby ( ) n. an infant 

) ; the reflection of 
oneself seen in another's eye 5 ^;^ 

» — farmer=f^ 

»TV1-Cft?ta^ I — hood n. 

I — ish adj. I Baby n. 

{coUoq) sweetheart ca?^, 

^1^ ) I —sitter »l’^1 I 

Babel (C^^»l)"n. '«<!’»! ^1?^, 

511^^4 ^1^41 »Ttf%f%W ; confused 

sound produced by a number of persons 
c^t^i f^* 5 W 

wheel on which it turns '$rw*f'Q ; an 
imaginary line on which a planet is 
supposed to revolve I 

Ay ( ill ) inierj. ah ! alas, as in ay me ! ^T?r ! 

! ^^1 1 

Aye, Ay ( ) adv. yes i For aye, for 

ever or aye=>itft?r 1 
Azure ( ) adj. sky-coloured 

^^1 ; cloudless I 

— n. I 

Azygous ( ) adj. ‘unyoked' 

CW1& 9i9it$ ^4^1 ; not one of a pair 


■T^; sound produced by a number of 
persons speaking dilTcrent languages 

45«f1 Ci^l31 

»Pif ; a place where several different 
languages are spoken f4 ^1^1- 

Baboon ( C^<[^ ) n. a large monkey C^'S’C^ 
vU^lf^ ®t9r4 I 

Bachanal ( ) n. one who indulges in 

drunken revels I 

— Han adj. i — lianism n. 

Bacchus ( ‘C^4Jtb ) The Greek god of wine 

Bachelor ( ) n. an unmarried man 

m’;^iy ; one 

who takes his first degree at a university 

c*it^i c’lt’iF, 

fij. ill ; I — s* button n. uQfV<r ^ 

( c*rf^?^ C5t9it^ ) I 

Bacillus ( C’^fblTtb: ) n. ( ) <ilf^4 

C511^41 w ent^ fr? cf 1^1 

^91*1 1 —pL 

Bacilli ( C^fsirrl ) I 

Back ( ) n. the hinder part of the body 

in man and the upper part in beasts 

f»lfe ; the part opposite to the front side 
; a foot-ball player 

behind the foi-wards 

I —adv. to a former 
place or state ^t‘»K 

I —V. t. to help y\^\^ ; 

to support I On or upon the 

back ?l I To be 

on one’s back=*T5t]t«itCt if, 

^ I To break the back of= 

Cl5l35ir-^ C^lCiRl I 

To set or put up the back=W t T 
turn one’s back upon=C^tC^1 
^ I To turn the back^f^fe C«r^?[t, i 

With one’s back to the Wall=f^r5^ 

I To back ahorse=C^t^tC^I 
^rs\ I To back the oars=-‘^l5t»l 

f5^?1 I To back down=fsi^^ tll ^1 W v£if^ 
C? I To back out=af^®1 i To 

back up =^^4^1 I 

Back n. i 

Backbite ( ) v. t, to speak evil of any 

one in his absence ^**[1 

»1^1, I —biter n. 


I — biting n. 

Backbone ( the bone of the back 

CX^pf'Q, ; the main support of 

anything mU Cl?t^1 I To the back 

bone=^r^'?1C<^, i 

Back-door ( ) n. a door behind a 

house I 
Back end ( ) n. 


Backgammon ( ) n. nW 

C^9[ I 

Back-ground ( ) n. ground at the 

back C^U^n 

tit ; a place of obscurity tit i 

To keep one’s self in the back-ground= 


Back saw ( C^^-’g ) n. saw with a bar of 
stiff metal welded to the upper edge to 
give strength and rigidity ^-ittpc^l 

Back- side ( ) n. i 

Back stop ( ) n. player who fields 

in a straight line behind the wicket- 
keeper ; long stop 


Back room boys=i 5<3 i 

Back-slide ( c^^*?ilt® ) v. t. to fall back in 
faith or morals 
Ckn^ I — er n. 

Back-stairs ( ) n. private stairs of 

a house i 

Back-ward adj\ keeping back 

; unwilling ; slow 

I —s adv. 

f^^lt I —ness n. dullness ntblj 

I Back woods man=^]^^in^ ^1 R<tt^ 
5=lJft^ I 

Bacon ( ) n. swine’s flesh salted and 

dried I 

Bacterium ( ) n. extremely small 

single celled fungoid plants 

^5?'® ^r^«l «fc^ I Bacteriology =« 

f^tui I —pL 

Bacteria ( ) «. low forms of plant 

life consisting of single cell averaging 

1,20,000 inch in length ^l%*f 

Baculus ( ) official staff or rod 

emblem of authority 

'SfifPtP C^lir^ ) I 

Bad ( ) adj. ill ; wicked ; 

t 46 ] 


hurtfull ; unfavourable I 

Bad blood=c^tn^t? i Bad diaracter= 
I Bad liveIihood=^f^-®?Pt|f% 

I Bad debts=^5rty 
K\^ I Bad shot==^t^ 

C5^rc^t?1, I To go bad=c^f^ 

^1 511 I To go to thebad=sT^ ^ 

^ I With bad grace i — ly adv. 

I To be badly l 

—ness n. Baddish n. i «r^«r^ i 

Badge ( ) n. a mark of distinction 

I Badge of honoiir= 

Badger ( ) w. a kind of quadruped 

t — V. t. to worry, 

to pester ^11*51*1 I 

Badinage ( ) n. a banter I 

Badminton ( ) «• 

c«[s^i, ntf^ ct?in wi i 

Baffle ( C^?P"9|“ ) V. t. to make ineffectual, 
to foil ^5|| 1 Baffling 

winds =c^f^ i It baffles des- 
cription C^Tl^ff^, t I 

Bag ( ) n. a sack, pouch Iml, 

; the quantity of game secured 
«[^1 ^1 ^tvrj1 I ~V. t. to put 

into a bag especially of game 

^511, I - gy adj. puffy 

I A waterman's bag— C^§, 

515^ I A bag of bones =^t^t5T «r^l 
511^^1 A bag of cloth^^tcnT^^ C^tC^t^Tl i 
The whole bag of tricks— 

I To give one the bag to 
hold--^1t5^ c^tcntsh ? t To let 

the cat out of the bag=«fl&sT ^s[1 

«r?Pt»r ^^1 To march out with=: 
bag & baggage=to clear out completely 

Bagasse ( ) n. 


Bagatella ( ) n. a trifle 

; a light music I 

iilf^tl C^9T I 

Baggage ( ) n. necessaries of an 
army ; traveller's luggage 

5!Ptcnf^'C5ln^ I 

Baggy (c^'Jr:-!^) adj. pufYy W ; 

hanging in an irregular fold C^'l^-C^^l? 

I trousers baggy at the 

knees, baggy skin below the eyes. 

Bagpipe ( ) «. yfxeitl 

\Z^Z^ ^C'Srl^l I 

Bail ( ) «. a surety for another’s appear- 
ance in court, the security given I 

— V. t. to release on the security of an- 
other ^ \ — able adj. 

I To give 

accept, to admit or allow bail — C*f, 
^1^15 C*f I To stand 
bail^wtfiid ^ I Bail bond— i 
Bail n. 

3Jc?f.C«|3d^ f»f?1 3|tf< 


Bail ( ) V. t. I 

Bailee ( ‘C^f^ ) n. i 

Bailer ( ) n. person who bails 

ol'S'Sl ; vessel used in bailing 5d^^ 

nf^ 4S^1 


Bailiff ( ) n. custodian, magistrate 

land agent f^sfcs^ 


Bailor ( ) n. person who commits 

goods to another in trust under some 
contract ®75}1 i 

Bait ( C^’^~ ) n. food put on a hook 

f^?n c^tn ; allurement ; re- 

freshment taken on a journey 

I — V. t. to put on a bait C^t^l ; 
C*lt® C'f^l ; «ri ; to worry C<(f^ 


I ^7 ] 


C^t»T C^Z^, bullbaiting 
c^c»it?[l C'«r»r I —V. i. ^1^^ ^ I 

Bake ( ) v. l. to dry ; to cook by 
the heat of the sun or of fire 
® f«f I —er 3?5i^gtsi1 I Baker’s dozen=c^^ i 
— ry I 

Balance ( ) n. pair of scales <^f5Tl, 
f^f%, ; surplus or the sum due on an 

account ■<T(^ ; just proportion 

mm I —V. t. to make equal mm ; 

to weight in a balance I Cash- 

balance 1 m] I Out-standing 

balance^Mv5f^*5^t^ i Balance-sheet 

r^-9t1 Rsin*? I Balance of 

power ^=’T'*j»Tr^, m^^ ^nrl 

mm I To be 

thrown off one's balance=i5t9i «rlt “* 1 ,^, 
? I To keep the balance even— 

I To strike a balance=^^it«f^5^ 
fii^ I To tremble or hang 

in the balance f% 5? 

Balcony ( } n. a platform projecting 

from the wall 

>1^1 ^m\^\ ; I 

Bald ( ) adj. without hair on the head 

I — ness n. i —head 

I —faced ^‘JTI l5m^K 

C^l^l I —pate v£iwt[% 


Baldachin ( ) n. covering or canopy 

of silk borne on four poles, carried over 
the Pope and over the Blessed sacra- 
ment ent^ mn^ 

structure of stone or marble supported 
by four pillars over the alter 



Bale ( ) n. a bundle, a package ^1, 

I — V. to bale out water 
I — ful adj. full of sorrow I 

Balefire ( ) «. a beacon fire 


; funeral pyre 


Balk, Baulk ( ) n. a wooden plank used 

as a gangway C^r^i 

; a principal beam 
in the house mm 

; a division of billiard table from 
which the play begins 

Tim ; 

piece of land left unploughcd between 

; a hindrance, 

obstacle, cause of delay 

Ball ( ) n. anything round C^tC^l 

C5t^f ; any solid missile '©f^, 
I Ball of the eye=5^^^ ^®5ft i 

To have the ball at one’s feet- 
mm, mm \ To keep the ball rollings 

c^tr^i I 

Ball ( ) n. dancing C5]^-^t5’ I 

Ballad ( ) n. a narrative poem in 

short stanzas -ifi® ; 

‘jfi® I ( 

‘^r,® ) i — ‘^1® i ^tf^®i i 
Ballast ( ) n. a heavy weight em- 
ployed to render anything steady 

®5i® ©r^fvril f^?rl 

^^1!% Rsi ) ; gravel, 

broken stone etc. forming the bed of 
a railroad nlR f%51 

I —train c®C^f^1 f*T®l 

^r#t I 

Ball-cock ( mm ) n. device for regulating 
inflow of water cistern, consisting of 
a floating ball, which rises or falls with 
the height of water, thereby, shutting or 
opening valve of pipe through which 
the water comes in 


C ] 


f^?ra®i I 

Ballerina ( ) n. a female ballet-dancer 

Ballet ( ) n. an elaborate series of 
dances forming a theatrical display 


Ballistic ( ) adj. pertaining to 

projectiles C^t f^SSH 

I — S. n. the theory of projectiles 
: the means of propelling 
and controlling the ilight, direction and 
distance of projectile by explosion 

Balloon ( ) n. ^«1 1 

Ballot ( C^fl^ ) n. a little ball used in voting 
c«i^ jmu ( alz^ 

), n!f^?rt(:^‘& 

I —V. i. {for) 

to vote by ballot C*«l^ 


Bailey bridge ?P^1 


Ball ( ) ^<9 ; I 

Balm ( ^r'5[ ) a fragrant ointment ^?r*f ; 

anything that heals pain f<5^ ; 

a soothing influence I — y 

adj. I 

Balneology ( ) n. the science of 
curing disease by bath in mineral springs 

‘JTI ^1^ 

Balsam ( ) n. I a fragrant 

resinous product ^tff% ; a soothing 
agency *lf^ I 

Baluster ( ) n. "silW^n 'QZ^t^ 

<l(<fi| '5^!^ I 

— strade pL 

Bamboo ( ) n. a gigantic Indian reed 

with hollow jointed stem I 

Bamboozle ( ) v. t. to deceive i^r 

¥f?, C?. v\t\\ I 

Ban ( ) n. A proclamation ; sen- 
tence of banishment ; 

interdict 5lT=T1, ; anathema ; 

I — V. t. to interdict or prohibit 
Ctf, ^5?f I 

Banal ( ) adj, commonplace i 

— ^lity n, triteness 5^1 


Banana ( ) n. Jiss^-yr? tyfaj if9\ 

( ) I 

Band ( ) n. anything that binds 

I Hat-band = 5 f¥®1 i 

Waist-band i 
Neck-band =^9Tl'?T^, ?PfRjW i 

Band ( ) n. a number of persons 

bound together for any common purpose 

A band of robbers — ?ot ; 

a body of musicians CWt^1 I 

—master 5Tt?i;T i —stand 

3ttsr^l \83<t^ f??ri I 

Bandstone— i 
Bandage ( c^’c^sr" ) n. 

I —V. t. i 

Bandit ( ) n. an outlaw, a robber 
I —pi. Bandits or Banditti. 

Bandy (c^f^) v, t. to strike to and fro^^PtC^l- 
^f< ( C^Z^ ) ; to 

give and receive ( as blows, words etc. ) 
to discuss 

<P^J, I —n. 

Bandog ( ) n. a dog kept chained up 
as a watchdog or on account of its fero- 
city r«r5is%^ I 

Bandolier ( ) n. shoulder belt with 

small pockets for holding cartridges 

^pm Wj I 


[ 49 3 


Bandy ( ) adj. crooked i 

—legged C^n[i:«(9n 


Bane ( ‘c^jt ) adj. destructive 

I — n. death, destruction 
; poison i 

Bang ( ) n. sudden loud noise 

C^tn •P'ff I — V. i. to strike violently 

I To go bang- 


Bangle ( C^3|^ ) «. a bracelet or anklet 
<(t¥ I 

Bani(y)an ( ) n. a big Indian tree 

( Ficus Indica ) C^1»l1 ; 

Banish ( v. t. ( fiom, out, of ) to 

drive away, to expel C«(f^ C*r, 

'^tf^ I — ment n. exile C^f-lt^^- 


Banjo ( C^C3f1 ) n. a musical instrument 

cw5t^^ *rc? I 

Bank' ( n. a ridge of earth C«i>1 ; 

the raised edge of a road 

; the side of river i 

Bank ( ) n. a, place where money is 

deposited, an institution for lending, 
depositing and exchanging money 
*t^ W^1 <tlc? f^yl, 

K9ft?n I — er n. i 

- ing n. ^J9>TT?r i Savings Bank ^ 

<t5T 'Bfin I —bill I —note 

Banking business i 

Bankrupt ( ) n. one who cannot pay 

his debts «fT^ C5fT5t=f1 i 

— adj. insolvent ; { of ) destitute 

tffw I — cy n. insolvency, failure in trade 
csfrttTi mT\ \ 

Banner ( ) n. a flag or ensign bearing 

certain device, a military standard W? 
♦nrf^Pl I To raise one’s banner— 
irr^^l I screen 1 

Banquet ( ) n. a feast i —v. t. 

to give a feast to f^?1 i 

Bantam weight n. Boxer not exceeding 116 
pounds in weight 

Banter ( ) v. t. to joke, to jest at 

\ —n. raillery 

Bantling ( ) n. a child 

( ) I 

Baptise ( ) v. t. to christen 

9\^ I —ism n. sprink- 
ling with water as a religious ceremony 
»r^«l «i:-5Tt3l I Baptism of blood 

at*1 *TTiT I Baptism of fire=^ 5 ?[t< 
5^*1 I — mal adj. — ist one who 

baptises Vfl ^1 

»T^*I I 

Bar ( ) n. a rod ; a bolt ; 

an ingot of precious stone *11^^ 

; an obstruction i Bar- 

beU--!?n^t5i ^19? i 

—gold c>it*i I —maid C^1:N 
C«TW^^ I — &. t. to 

hinder i 

Bar ( ) n. the legal profession \6^tai1% ; 

the whole body of pleaders ; 

the wooden railing in front of a magis- 
trate in court i To be called to 

thebar - ntb i To appear at the 

bar--^twt^^^ ^11%^ Barred by limita- 
tion Q\W I To join the bar ^ 

^ » To cross the bar^C^^^ 

C’ltsn ; ®t'N ^ t 

Barb ( ^1^;^ ) n. anything like a beard 

I Barbed wire=-'^:^r^1 
C.v\U I 

Barbarian ( ) n. or adj. a sa\ age 

cxi^ I 

— rism n. rudness of manner 

I — ric adj. foreign ; 

uncivilised 1 — rity n. savage 


[ 50 J 

cruelty i — rous adj. 

uncivilised, savage '®rt^ ; cruel 


Barber ( ) n. one who dresses hair 

5?tf^ I 

Barbette ( ) n. a platform or mound 

of earth for mounting guns within a 

TRttt^ Fl<ft ; circular armoured 

platform with hood protecting heavy 
guns in warships 

Barbican ( ) n. outer defences of a 

city or fortress W?n ^fk.1 

^rffTl I 

Barbkon ( ) n. an ancient instrument 

of music like a lyre having many strings 

^ I 

Barcarole ( ) n. song of Venetian 

boatnxen Cirtn ^f^if 

Bard ( Tllf ) n. a poet ; minstrel f 

Bardolater ( ) n, enthusiastic ad- 
mirer of a bard i 

Bare ( C^ncf^ ) adj. uncovered, naked, 

C’*rt»l1, ; scanty, mere, only 

^^11, I —bone «rrf^ «r^1 

I — faced =impudent 

1%»rtw, I — ly adv. 4«rr^ifn, 

Bargain ( ) n. a contract f f^, ; 

an advantageous transaction 

V[\WS C<rrt1 ^ I —V, i. to .make a 
contract TTl I Into the 

bargain =over and above ^*tfa'6 1 To 

strike a bargain =c^n-f^ ^ i To 

make the best of a bad bargain=c^1 

Barge ( ^t4r ) n. a pleasure boat 


Bark ( Ti'f^ ) n. the covering of a tree car a 
branch of it 5t»T I — y adj. 

Bark ( ) n. the cry uttered by a dog 

or wolf I — V. i. to yelp like a 

dog I Barking dogs seldom bite=^t^ 

I To bark at the moon« 

I His bark is worse 
than his bite=^t? 1 

Bark ( ) n. a barge, a small ship "yi^F 

'«rr^t3r I 

Barley ( ?tf»l ) n. a. kind of grain tf ijt^l ; 

Barn { ) n. a storehouse, a granary 

I — yard i — door 


Barnacle ( ) n. a kind of shell-fish 

; an instrument placed on 
the nose of horses to keep them quiet 

^sr I —pi. spectacles 1 

Barometer ( ) n. an instrument to 

measure the weight or pressure of the 
atmosphere Tlj, ?r^t^ CWt'Tl l 

— metric, — al adj. 

Baron ( ) n. the lowest title of rank in 

the House of Peers Jj&l 

^1 I —Fern. Baroness. 

Baron =:a great merchant, as a beef-baron, 
a beer-baron c^istT^ll C^Fl 

C^ntsTl I 

Baronet ( ) n. the lowest hereditary 

title in Great Britain and Ireland 
v£ifel I — netcy *l? 1 

Baroscope ( ) n. instrument which 

shows the pressure changes in the atmos- 
phere Cfl^ 

cwjtTt ’Eiar I 

Barrack ( ) n. a building for soldiers 

( generally pi ) C^^fl sti » 

Barrage ( C^’W7 ) n. artificial obstruction 
placed in a river to direct the stream, or 


f 51 3 


cause increase of depth 


f farsr i 

Barrator ( ) n. one who excites 
lawsuits or quarrels CritT^ ftltt 


Barratry ( ) n. vexatious litigation f^1 

sTst^m I 

Barrel ( ) n- a kind of wooden 

vessel fnni ; ; a cylinder l 

— V. t. to put in a barrel ( ^aC^T 

fn*ttt5 ffllT ?r*r ^ 

Cifn^ I — ed adj. 

^ZT\^9^ I 

Barren ( ) adj. incapable of bear- 

ing offspring or fruit ^hafl ?n 

; fruitless, unprofitable ^ta, 

I —land ^tR) i Barren- 

ness n. 

Barricade ( ) n. fortification 

erected to prevent the advance of an 
enemy C^t^, i — v. t, to fortify 


Barrier ( ) n. a fence or railing 

C5Wt3t, ; a defence C^i>1 ; an 

obstacle i 

Barring ( ) prep, excepting afw, 

^trw I 

Barrister ( C^fk^U~ ) n. f^art^ atF ^ 
^f^ai I 

Barrow ( C^7C?1 ) n. a small one-wheeled- 
carriage used to carry loads c^Wtt 
5isf9'0n ; a mound 

raised over graves i 

Barter ( ) v. t. {for, away) to exchange 

one thing for another 
»f, Orfaft^ af i — v. t. to exchange C*ltai1 1 
— n. traffic by exchange 
^ artai^arfSt i 

Base ( ) n. foundation C^RJ ; root 

^ ; support ; C^^Tt ; the 

starting point ^ 

5Sf?3Ttar '<1 C^fl 

carin itt I — adj. low ^ ; mean ; 

worthless ^^fttai'j i — o. /. to found 
; to lay t — ment n. n^1 

«ai;i sr^ari ; c^R> i —string i 

—metal <rt'J i — bom = illegitimate 

I Based on or upon i — less 

fsi^1 I —ness ^Ft^ i —basic adj. 
fundamental ^ i 

Bashful ( ) adj. modest, shy att^^l, 
ailw^^Fl I — ly aJv. —ness n. 

Basil ( C^fFa[ ) n. t Holy basil= 

'^ai‘3^ 1 

Basin ( ) n. a wide open dish Ff^HI, 

W^1, ?5ai C<lin ♦flai ; that part 

of a country which is drained by a river 
and its tributaries C*Tt?1 

(Tf»r ; I 

Basis ( C^fFF; ) n. foundation ; 

support ^t«ni I pt. Bases. 

Bask ( ) V. i. to expose oneself to sun- 
shine w\ ; to be in the warmth i 

Basket ( ) n. a vessel made of plaited 

twigs or some other materials 
♦TtfF, I —work 
mfF-^^tf^ ’TWI I The pick of the 
basket=«rt^|^t5F \ 

Bass ( ) n. the lowest part in music 


Bastard ( ) n. an illegitimate child Wt?W, 

Wll^, ^^1^ I —adj. W^1 ; not 

genuine i — y n. Bastard ^4*TfR i 

Baste ( c^^7 ) v. t. ^Tcw'tr^ 'en?^ 

Of ; to sew slightly 

» — ing C^Ft^ I 

Bastile— tille ( ) n. 

^tfF ^ 

1?^ ; a small fortrees ^4 i 

Bastinado ( v. t. to beat with a stick 

csp. on the soles of feet 
Tl C?r|^ I —n. ^ » 


[ 52 3 


Bastion ( ) n. a kind of tower at a 

fortification '6^ ^ 

c«f5, I 

Bat ( ) n. C^ei1 *ft§ i 

— fowling n. catching birds at night ' 

55?t^ <f^1 I Bats-nian=<Tt^ i 

— V. t. to play with a bat ?»f i 

Batch ( C?f557 ) n. the quantity of bread baked 
at a time ; a 

set ^ ClW 

» —by batch 

Bath ( ) n. immersion in water 

‘STtC^i'tn ; water for plunging the body in- 
to ; a house or place for 

bathing Ttcirral ^1 I Vapour-bath = 

'5t*f c»ft?n I Foot-bath ^*r5 
Cv\U^ I Blood-bath 
= massacre ^^1 i Order of the Bath= 

CT[z^—G. C. B, ; K. C. B. eit^ C. B. ) i 
Bath-room =5ltr«(tn f%^^1 

I Beth-bun=iHfit*( \ Bath-chair 

^^1 v\^1t ^ I 

Bathe ( ’c^ ) v. t. wash in a bath sfl 
?rr^T 5T1 f%Tl, I ~v. i. to take a 

bath C«f1 I — er n. i 

Bathetic ( ) adj. trite, characterized 

by bathos 

355ir?f^ 5?tf^ 


Bathometer ( ) n. an instrument for 

measuring the depth 

^1 ^f^«i I 

: Bathymeter. 

Bathos ( ) n. (in Rhetoric) anticlimax 


Bflthorse ( ) n. a pack-horse C^tC^Tl 

Batik ( ) n. method of colouring fabrics 

in marbled designs, in which the parts 

not to be dyed are protected by a wax 
D^tf^ ^’«rl I 

Baton ( ) n. a staff, especially of police- 
man ciMr^t^r i 

Batta ( ) n. an allowance to officers in the 

army ^1 ; i ; Batmoney. 

Battalion ( ) n. a division of an 
army consisting of several companies 
400^ *f?1 voo iv\z^ ^ I 

Batten ( ) v. i. to grow fat »Rpt5 

^ ; a strip of wood for fastening 

Batter ( ) n. to beat often and often 

with blows ; to wear with 

beating ^'9 f^T?1 I — n. 


I — ing charge '•it^ i 

— ingram <1^1 Tl i 

Bettery ( ) n. a number of cannon with 

equipment »Itif ’If Wt ’Tj 

; the men and horses 
attending one battery 5C»l1?n 

C>Rtf^t^ ; the place on 
which the cannon are mounted 4tt'® 
ntt^ ^TT ; ( Law 
term ) unlawful beating 

; an instrument for generat- 
ing electricity ?I, 

Battle ( C^^»l ) n. a fight, a combat \ 

—army firmft ’flWtal i —axe 

\%15 fita I —field 

< — ship wl^lar i Line ' of 

battle »itft »rt^ «R1 i 

To join, do or give battle =to fight 
I To give the battle-fw^l OT i Pitched 
battle-ifni1 C^ftesn fsiftr* 

^ ^^1 i Drawn battle =c^r5i1 nsp 
^ fw^ C^CTtn ^ I —V. {. ( against or 
with ) to contend in fight ^ i 


[ 53 ] 


Battledore ( ) n. wooden implement 

with a long handle and a flat round 
blade, shaped like a tennis racquet, 

used for beating clothes that are being 


Battlement ( ) n. a wall on the 

top of a building with openings 
'en^^ f%i «f^i 


Battle piece ( ) n. painting of a 

battle j 

Bauble ( ) n. a child’s plaything 

'6Trr»l'ni1 ; a trifle filf1 ^=T, 
c«firtf^ I 

Bawd ( ) n. {fem. ) a procuress of 

women for immoral purposes 

< — y adj, obscene 

f^tw, I — Iness n. Bawdy house =a 

brothel i 

Bawl ( ^’*^ ) V. i. ( at or against ) to shout 
nt?, I —n. T^fw, 


Bay ( ’c^ ) adj, reddish brown imeil 

( <rrcil ) i — ard n. w ; 

;tw^1 I 

Bay ( ‘C? ) n. an arm of the sea i 

Bay ( ‘c^ ) n. the laurel tree iff, (T^W- 

*lt^4 ;(/>/.) a garland of victory w^- 

^•11 ; f^51 I 

Bay ( ’C^ ) n, barking of a dog ^^^^4 ; 

— V. i. or V. t. to bark at ^4?, 

4l I To bring or drive to bay=:j 4 ^ 
cn»rtl^ •! I To hold or keep at bay=arf^f5 
iRi To stand at bay= 
4rriff^ 44 1 

Bayard ( ) n. a very highly bred, 

chivalrous gentleman of high courage 
and exquisite manners ^65 4^»r-vf^ 
4t4 irT5t4 4rrfir® 


Bay-salt ( ) n. coarse salt obtained 

by evaporation of sea-water ^444 *ft^ 
^®4t4 4R1 44i?1 W\^'^ f444 I 

Bayonet ( C4'4-4’$ ) n. a stabbing instru- 
ment at the end of a musket F9?t4, 4^f4R 
^4^ CerlTl 4*lSf i —v. t. to stab with 

a bayonet Fsplr4r4 i At the point of 
the bayonet by military force 
ffs, I 

Be ( f4 ) &. i. to exist, to live 4, \ 

To be off=ti5 ; ^Ri4 4 i Be off with you ! 
tS5 ; To be after=f4irr4 4^4 i To be at = 
»ltf%<rt4ti To be upto^^^^^n^'S* 4 « To be 
for='5l^^ 4, 454 I Be-all and end- 

all =SI4'R I Be it so=t54t^ I Be 

that as it may=C4r4t ! 

Beach ( ) n. the sandy shore of the sea, 

strand >rt^44 ^5*t4 i — y adj. pebbly 

^ fWr»lC4 I 

Beacon n. a signal fire, alight used 

as a warning of danger ^t44 41 '®1W4 ^44 
TTtW^ C45tC4^ ^64 eiriTtn (444^ Ftf^ 
41 56rc^45B« I — V. t. to light lip 

cnt44 454 I 

Bead ( ) n. any small ball of glass or 

metal etc. pierced for stringing 4f4, 

4t»rt«f5 1 To say, tell or count one’s 

beads = to offer a prayer 4l»rt W4, ^4l44l 
454 I 

Beadle ( ) n. an inferior officer in a 

church 1 

Beadledom ( ) n. stupid interfe- 

rence of subordinate officials, bumble- 
dom 45*t5t4l4 ^^4*1, 4|t44 

4^454 I 

Beagle ( ) n a small hunting hound 
vilf44 ft45T4'^f^4 I 

Beak ( 4^^ ) n. the bill of a bird 54t^ ; 

anything pointed like a beak 54tt4 C^l^ 
4:4 CWt'ftI 4^ I 

Beaker ( ^45t4 ) n drinking cup ^4t4l^> 
4f^Ft»R:4l4l t44rt¥ I 

[ 54 } 


Beam ( ) v. t. or v. i. to emit light 
C*ltf4 ; to shine. 

Beam ( ) n. a straight piece of timber 

or iron used as a support against the 
pressure of building 

t>?1 C»[1 ; the bar 

of a balance 41 *rffrf4 ^TfST ; the pole 

of a carriage chief timber of a 

plough ^5 ; the cylinder in a loom 

^ ; a ray of light i 

— V. t. to send forth light C*ft54 4R i — y 
adj. shining l 

Bean ( ) n. the name of several kinds 

of pulses >rT9, f6i( I 

Bear ( C^’-arr? ) v. t. to carry *rtf^ 

^1 ; to endure ^ ^9^- ; to sustain 

^ ; to bring forth '6*TWl, 

Win ; to behave ^ i — v. i. to have 

reference to «r1^ ; ( on or upon ) 

to press C?, c^*5l ; to be situated 

^ <(T^ I To bear the blame =Wt7 W^4, 
C*T1TI I To bear the expenses 
I To bear witness 

C^1 I To bear a date=-15tf^^ i To 
bear hand=vT9t^ i To bear away= 
wt9tw C^rt^l J To bear down= 

( upori or towards ) Cnt^ «ff% 

Wt^t«P C*nnl I To bear out=to corroborate 
TpsrofsT I To bear up= 
not despair i To bear in mind = 

I To bring to bear ( upon or 
against ) i To bear 

through ^4 1 To bear up=^? 

5r^4tt^ «rt^, I To bear 

fniit=^*t I To bear small 

With=^ft[ «rf^ I —able adj. i 

Bear ( ) n. a -quadruped with long 

shaggy hair and hooked claws ; 

any rude, ill-bred fellow 
C®rt<is ; speculator for fall in price of 
stocks etc. c^trsn 3TT? ’Biw m 
• ( see bnll ) Bear-baiting 

C’»r»T I Great and the little 


I — ish adj. 

Bear-leader ( ) n. one who acts 
as tutor or travelling companion to a 
rkh young men ipfl 
gsf-i JTjft 95r«i^i wn I 

Beard ( ) n. the hair that grows on the 

chin of a grown man ; prickles on 

the ears of corns i — ed 

I To one’s beard i 

To beard the lion in his den— C^tC*Tl 
*T3p^ 44 I To attack one 

by the beard =Ji4t4 'sltaF?!*! 4^4 \ 

Bearer ( ‘C4-4n4l4 ) n. a carrier, a messenger 
C4t^1 I 

Bearing ( ‘C4-^lf4^ ) n. behaviour 4ra4T4 ; 
deportment ; relation ^4% ; rela- 

tive situation of an object vii^l 4^4 
'8rf4 va^l 4^ ; a family device 

C4t^1 f64 ; {pi.) those parts of 

the machine which bear the friction 414 
f4 C4f5t45 4t4 I To lose one’s 

bearings -fw«nl9t4l 9. 4t4-f4^ C4tC9t4l 4, 
C59f4 4 s'^ ^rtri 44451 1 To bring 

one to his bearings =451^^41 ^t^4C4 f%4f4 C4, 

^ 1^4454 I 

Beast ( ) n. an irrational animal 4r9, Flf4- 

ci)4fl4l I — ly adj. beast-like 4414 
W4«aj ; obscene 1 — liness n. W44r 

4\5l4 \ — of burden— ^14 C4t4l > — of 

prcy=f94it=rr «ftC4t4t4 1 

Beat ( ) V. t. to strike with repeated blows 

«9t4 454 , 4t4, 4tr4 4t:4 551t4t'® 4^4, C45141 ; 
to bruise ; to thrash ( C4T4, 4t4 

4t4 ) ; to overcome C94 C4art, 94*Jfl » 
throb ^^451, f44;r44l ; to thin something 
by. beating fniJ 1 — n. a stroke recurring 

at inteivals 41^4 4^ uQ^454tC4 ^45 &45 4l 4^ 
44 ¥41 44? ( C4C4, 4 ft 41 4t#t4 '» ; a 

round or course 14^, ( C4R, 41 

¥^4^4 ) f44t4f4f4 ¥4t4¥ ¥f4 ^4 


[ 55 ] 


•rtc^ I —pa. p. adj. fatigued ?Pt« i Dead 
beat='^®^^( I — en adj. worn by use 

; mdde even by use C9t^1 ; made 
hard by beating i>T«T ^^1 i A bea- 
ten work=fnll) «ft^ 1 A beaten 

path to track =^TF»T ^5»51 

I To beat the drum^ctrm i To 
bear an alarm =(:^r^1 

I To beat about =f^t^ i To 
beat about the bush=^nT5=^tt^ 

I Beat away=c<f^^ Cf i To beat a re- 
treat == to retreat ^ i To beat off— 

to drive back C*f, i To beat the 

brains = to puzzle one’s brains about 

^ I To beat the air “to fight for 

nothing i To beat up 

=to attack suddenly i To 

beat up for recruits C^1 
I To beat the tattoo if 

f^itl i To beat time=^^ CW i To beat 
one black and blue^^rt^ ^’»n 

Of, 1 To beat down 

C^f^witn I To beat hollow 
ij¥Tl I To beat into=^«f1 
«rtf% ^t<f I To beat up the quarters of = 
W^Tt^ CH I By beat of drum = c^t»l fnf5 i 
Beatify ( ) v. t. to make happy, to 

declare to be blessed in heaven 

»i1'® ^fkzw I —tic, 

— fleal adj. 91^1 I — fication n. 

I — fic ¥18100=9^11 ^9^ 

Beatitude ( ) n. heavenly bliss 

; iP^’) blessings pronounced by 

Ghirst in the Sermon of the Mount ^919 

I Final beatitude =igf^, i 

Bean ( C91 ) n. dandy, a fop 

lf9l C®91 I ipl. ) Beaux ( C91W ), frm. 
Belle I Beau-ideal 9(f^ $^9 

J Beau-monde=the fashionable word 
^ 911 C9t91 I 

Beauty ( ) n. pleasing qualities in a 

person or thing O*! ; loveliness 

C^W^T ; a beautiful woman afl, 

J — teous, — ful adj. fair, lovely 
t59f9, (Pf9f99t9, I —fully adv. 

I — tify V. t. to adorn 
95?, »f9l, ?5^, ?5^ I 

— teousness n. i Beauty sleep =wrtn- 

f?*rt? cUtnf? I Beauty spot=fe^t®t? 
9^»r5 W 9t5 ?1 f®»T I Beauty and the 
beast =-?5^tfEr 9t^95?t? ?tffl?5l w\w ?tif9i, 
^?in ?in?r f^r?t^95 f?iii ?5?tr»i 95 ? 1 

Beaver ( ^®t?7 ) n. an amphibious quadruped 
or its fur ^^5? 91 ^1? C?t9 i 

( c?t:9r? ?t^(:9W, c99Ft^t? 

995»1? Wt99f ^'59t? ^9 ) I 

Becalm ( ) v. t. to make calm ?1 

»rt9 95?, ?:? 9:? 9951 I — ed adj. 
f9’«OT f?^t95, f99q[9 1 

Because ( f995’W ) adv. and conj. for the reason, 
on account of 95t91, f^9C91 i Because of= 
91:? c?^^95 I 

Beck ( C?’^ ) rt. a sign with the head or hand 
^WH, iFt91, tf^^y it? I —V. i. ?s^ 

^5t?1 C'f I —v. t. to call by a nod ^ ^fnutt 
9t^ I At one’s beck and call=at one’s 
command 9rtC?1 f?^9^ F*I1, 95tC?1 ?1^9€\ 
C?t?1 I 

Beckon ( C?'95?t ) v. t. to make sign to trt9l 
95?, 95?, 9tS9l 9t^ I 

Becloud ( f?3Pt^^ ) v. t. to obscure by cloud 
®t?9l, ®t?:?t? Itt95, \8C»»ft»l1 I 

Become v. i. {of) to pass, to come to be 91 
— V. t. to suit cM'Jfl 9, t5?1 I — ming adj. 
proper C9t9T ; graceful 1 

P. pi. Became. 

Bed ( C9X ) . «• a place to lie on »T?n, C»rt?1- 
*(t^, f?9?1 ; a plot in a garden where the 
seeds or plants grow 91^1^ ?1 ^rt? 

C95t^ *19 nr^tTl iti ?1 9^ ; the bottom of 


t 56 1 

a river ; a layer or stra- 
tum I — ding bed «r^Tl ; materials 

of a bed i —room cntTl 

c^lii Ti ^ I —fellow c»rtc?r i 

—maker *rtr^ i 

—pan ^1 

*rt® J — post ^ I —rock 

I —sore »r3JlW5, ^ 
C^W Tl J —spread 
I — Stead = a frame for abed^TfS i 
—rid or — ridden or — fast = worn out »rf^- 
*rtnw i --of 

honour i —and board 

= board and lodging <?^t9l-C^^ J — of down 
or roses = any comfortable place 

I — of thorns «I?Tl • Lords 
of the bedchamber =^Wt^ 

'Sr?r I To be- brought to bed of=tobe 
confined in child birth i To keep 

one’s bed «rt^, C?T9t^ ^ i To 

leave one’s bed=OTt^ ^ i To lie in 
the bed one has made=f^^ CiftTt 

C^5l1 I Between you & 

me & the bedpost=^f5l ^ Cl, ^ 

I To make a 

bed=f5tf^ Trr1^-»ift vfrwt^l f 
Bedabble ( ) v. t. to wet 

f^?1 1 

Bedaggle ( ) v. t. 


Bedaub ( ) v. i. to smear with paint 
etc. I 

Bedazzle ( ) v. t. to. overpower by 

a strong light i 

Bedeck ( fkus'^ ) v. t to adorn ^Wl i 

Bedel ( ) n. A university officer, 
whose duties are to attend the Chancel- 
lor or Vice-chancellor and carry the 
mace in procession ’arfsT^ 

JOTts C5'dr»rt^^ ^tw*r'« 



Bedevil ( v. t. to throw into con- 
fusion, torment C^flTl 

^1^^^ ^ I — ment n. 

Bedew ( f^f®^ ) V. t. to cover with dew 

Bedim ( ) v. t. to make dim 

Bedizcffl ( )) v. t. to dress gaudily 
entrr^ fh% I 

Bedlam ( C^’®^r»r5( ) n. a mad house rmi- 
srT^t[ I — iiiite=a mad man *rfsrrT i 

Bedraggle ( ) v. t. to make wet and 

dirty with rain and mud 

C^irSTl ^ I 

Bedouin) Bednin ( ) n. a class of Arabs 

leading a nomadic life 
; gipsy I 

Beduck ( ) v. t to plunge one under 
water f i 

Bee ( ^ ) n. insect that makes honey C>I^- 

I —hive i —line ^-\W^ 

C*rt*T I — s-wax i To have a bee ill 

one’s bonnet = a whimsical fancyjc^^^f 
Ithi «rt^f® I 

Beech { f\W ~ ) n. Oak with edible acorns 
^ 1 A forest tree having 
fine thin smooth bark and glossy oval 
leaves l?tf^ Cnt^ 

t'^U f® 

Beef n. the flesh of an ox or cow CVf1 

TRWi \ —steak 

> — witted, — brained^dull, stupid 

C®TI, I { pL } — ves. 

Beer ( ) n. a kind of malt liquor 
I Small bear=^t?t 51 W ; 

^ I Beer-skitties^f>ri 


Beestings ( ) n. the first milk 

obtained from a cow after calving I 

Beeswing ( ) n. thin crust formed in 

wine, after being long in bottle 


[ 57 ] 


W nt^a?r 71^ 

^ 5tirf^ I 

Beet ( ) fi. a kind of vegetable ^tC^’ 

»rr^5f *rt^, 

tiu C5f^ I 

Beetle ( ) n. a four-winged insect 

^1 I —head, —brain 

C^^t* I — browed adj. having prominent 
brows ^nr»l ^1 «(^1, 

; scowly C^t?«fT^t5^1 i Black 
beetle i 

Befall ( ^tP5T ) V. t. to happen to ^r}1 i — v. i. 

to come to pass ?, I 
Befit ( ) V. t, to be suitable to 

C*Tt«1 ’Tl 1 — ting adj. — tingly 
adv. Befitting one’s position 
at^i c?T?fi, ctf<ii I 
Befool ( ) V. t. to deceive 


Before ( ) prep, adv.^ conj. in front of 

( time or place or person ) ^ItC^ni, 

i —hand i —long •Ties ; 


Befriend ( f^cip’^; ) v. t. to favour 

Beg ( C^’iT" ) V. i. ( of, from, for ) to solicit, 
to pray, to ask for C’iftW, 

; to take for granted without 
proof as in begging the question 

*1^ I To beg 

leave =f^wttr C’^itwfl i To beg off--’*P^1 
Tsrt^T \ To go a begging 

I Beg 

your pardon ! 

ilHl 5^91 vfl^ ?p«(1 

) I —gar ( ) n. one who 

begs I — garly adj. poor 

*r41ir, ; mean i — gary n. extreme 

poverty 1 Beggars must not be 

choosers -=?HTl^llT3f 1 Beggar- 

my-neighbour n.=a simple card-game 
played by two persons. 


Beget ( C?rT?l^ ) v. t. to produce 'snwi i 
Love begets Iove='*r^5r >iasr •ft?, 
firc?i I — ter 

Begin ( ) v. t. {at, with, upon) to 

commence ^js^, ^ i — v. i. 

^ I To begin life=^t>rf^^ 
^3C^“T I To begin with ='5tTf^^'® 

^fC»l I — ning ^tr?, T^q, '©1% i The 

beginning of the end^q^^lq^ 3g[C5*ft^ i 
— inner-” novice JT ^tuff ; originator 


Begird ( ) v. t. to surround *t^, 

Begone ( ) inter, get aw'ay ! I 

Woe-begone c“TT^t^^ i 
Begrime ( ) v. t. to soil deeply 

^tfq?l5T ) 

Begrudge ( fVltta^ ) a. t. to envy 5^, 


Beguile ( ) i;, t. to deceive l^q^l 

\f^qi I To beguile the time= 
cti^Tfq ^tq T^%^ I 

Behalf ( ) n. favour, sake nw, i 

On ( or ) in behalf of ^qnC’*?, 

?r^, h « On his behalf ^r^^cq, 

, I 

Behave ( ) v. t. or v. i. to bear, to 

conduct, to act 

He does not behave himself 
well with me^C'®^ tstq 

I — viour ( — ) n. conduct, 

manners ^mU ^tq^q^T, C^n i 

Well-behaved— ^3" \ Ill-behaved— 

5^ I 

Behead ( ) v. t. to cut off the head 

qti? cqqi i 

Behest ( ) n. command ; charge 

c?iitirRl I 

Behind ( ) prep, at the back of qtTlS 

qtc^> fqsptcq, qt^teq ; coming after 
nt5C'® ; back- ward qtstq ; inferior t 

[ 58 ] 

C9[ZIV, *rr5*fTl, I Be- 
hind tiinc=n»r?r, t 

Behold ( ) t;. /. to see fife to 

look upon FI, «r!T C? I — en adj. obliged 
( with to ) I — pa. t. & pa. p. Be- 


Behove ( ) v- t. to be fit or right 

It does not behave you — 
Ultrtl cmrv FI FFF ; t C^TFt^ 


Bein ( ^*1 ) adj. & adv. ; 

Beii^ ( ) n. existence ; anything 

that lives «£rt^ i For the time being = 
viFlF I The supreme being = 

♦PinRR I Well-being ^VT, ^TSF^r ( pr. p. of 
be Ft1% ) t 

Bejewel ( ) v. t. to ornament 
with jewels FTFCF i — ed adj. 


Belabour ( fFCvprTF; ) v. i. to beat soundly 
Ff^l I 

Belated ( fFCvtc^’®: ) adj. out of date ; 

benighted Ftf^nfFTl J 

Belch ( CF'V[5B;, ) V. t. to eject wind 

from the stomach by the mouth 


Beldam, Beldame ( CFi^C^ ) «. an old woman, 
a hag t 

Beleaguer ( fF^flFTF^ ) v. t. to besiege eRfFtF 
FrraF*r*i f^f i 

Bcliigr ( CFVift ) n. a place where bells hang 
in a church f^ra^tF Ffel 'S^tratFl ^ i 

Belgian ( CF9 [%CFs^ ) n. CFSlfwFtF CF»rF » 

Belial ( ) n. the spirit of evil i 

Sons of Belial =ntfni, i?FtrtF i 

Belie ( fFFit ) v. t. speak falsely of fFFt^ F*, 
ftcl C*f®n ; to present in a false character 
fF*fflW OTt*l FSF I 

Bettflf ( fWtar: ) n. trust iFltF, OTJF, nf^FF, 
ifWl^ ; conviction FtFFI i To the best of 
my beOef=CFtF FtFFtFt:^, CFtF f^TF I 

Believe ( fFF^'S* ) v. t. to trust in, to have 
faith nf^Fl, fFFtF FTF, a^TF F^F ; to think 
or suppose ^F, ^F^tF F^F I To make 
believe = to pretend ^t'Q FF i — llever 

fFFtF Fs:tft5l, a^IF FT'^^I, W, 

^^5tF ( opp. Infidel ) I — able adj. 


Betflce ( fFFt^^f ) adv. perhaps f^WtfF i 

Belittle ( fFf^l^T ) v. t. to make small, to 
depreciate C^F F^F, CFF F^fF ^Ftt CF, 

F^F, F^F I 

Bell ( CF’V[ ) n. a metallic vessel to produce a 
ringing sound Ffel i — founder =Ffel ^^FtF 
I —man Ffel FFfI srfFJfT fFFl Ftff i 
—metal i —tower Ffel FFH 'OF ff i 
—wether Ffel FF51 FtF^F CFlFl 

; the leader of a mob FVIFf^, 
FltFF^Fl I Diving bell=‘m4\F ^ f? 

®t:9TfFfF FF Flf%F FFl ^^FF^F FI I To 
bell the cat = to take the leading part &tF 
FTtF'® FitF Ft? I To carry off the bell= 
aFF F, m I To lose the bell=Ft1^ 

Ft I To curse by bell, book and candle — 

Bell ( CF’<p[ ) v. i. to bellow ; to roar 
Ftd Ft^; CFF1 I — n. FFfF Ft^ FiFF 
— n. a bubble in a liquid ♦nltFl FVF 'GFF^ 


Bell-buoy ( CF'vt-^f|1^ ) n. buoy carrying a 
bell, which is rung by the movement of 
wave?; used as a signal of danger from 
rocks and shoals Ffel ^tfF CFtFl ‘*fFF 
FF' Ft^S, Clj^F Ff^F VTTF Ffet 
FtfW FtCFS FTfF? FTIfI ^ F^1 


Belladonna ( CFFt^Fl ) n. «afFF ?FF i f'jfFtF 


Belle ( CF’*^ ) «• a beautiful woman 

tWf#t F1 I —Masc, Beau. 

Befles lettres ( CFr»I-CFlltF ) n. elegant literature 
F^FtFFFtft^M FFTF^tl 

[ 59 ] 

BeUetrfst ( ) n. one given to the 

study of belles-lettres Tl 


BelMiop ( f ) n. page boy at a hotel 

Bellicoie ( ) adj. contentious^ war- 
like fwiw \ 

Bellied ( c^l%t5; ) adj. C<l95l i 

Belligerent ( ) adj. waging war 
^:[n, I — n. a nation, 

party or state waging war Wtf^, ft C?"f 
^ ft ^«i arfc^T I 

BeB-meUl ( ) n. an alloy of 

copper and tin t5t»l I?*? ftftrs ilft^ 

Bello ( C’T’Cfn ) V. i. to roar like a bull ft?^ 
^51 ftw, cfr^l I 

— n. i|t^ I 

Bellona ( C?CfrR1 ) n. Goddess of war 
njftityft C*f^ ; a tall fine-looking woman 
'Q'»( I 

Bellows ( GT’Cirfw; ) ft. ( pi. ) an instrument for 
blowing up a fire ) \ 

Belly ( ) n. part of the body below the 

breast ; stomach i the 

interior of anything C^T^*n « 

—4mad c^^Pf ftf^^^ PotbelKcde= 

ci^ftl 1 —god w^?rl, I —pinc- 
hed I — ful 1 —worship 

♦(Wl, I The belly has no ears= 

BeUyache t 

Belong ( ftsit ) V. i. to pertain to, to be 
one’s property If, 5TR f, C^TR, It 

belongs to me— (511 sr i He belongs 

to a respectable family tgiar 

Bcloni^hlgS ( ftwftft^F^ ) n. possessions 

’Ttrft^T ; relatives er^rt^’STl TRl^tf i 

Birtpyed ( ftwptr^'®;; ) adj. very dear ftf?, RR, 
C5R.ft, I — n. one who is much 

lowed nlsjl, miffl I 

Below ( ftvf’ ) prep, beneath V5W9, WW « 
It is below one maund=^ i 

— adv. in a lower place 
•Ttf^T ; unworthy i 

Belt ( ) n. a girdle or band C*t9, 

Uatftl i — V. t. to surround with a belt 

C^15t-?1W, ; to encircle CRtt R, 

R I — ing n. ^ft?T i 

Belvedere ( ) n. a summer house 

on an eminence 'e^f R i 

Bemoan ( ftrsJt^ ) v. t. to lament (Wt^ 
ft»Ttn ftPtl I —V. i. ^a|, CRTft ^ I 
Bemuddle ( ftirt®*^ ) v. t. to confuse 

Bench ( ) n. a long scat 

; a judge’s seat ftslRRI ; 

the body of judges ftst^T ; a tri- 

bunal arttfT^T^ I Bench and bar^THtd# 
elt¥ I — er n. a senior member 

of an inn of court ^,^ft4t? I 

Bend ( ) v. t. to curve, to incline 

f^sn, i9[\, c^, cefti, cwtr^i, 

I — V. i. to lean, to bow I 

— n. a curve 'S^tW, C^^ft GTtR I 
Beneath ( ft'^®!; ) prep, under ^5ST^, \ 

Beneath the dignity == unbecoming *1^ 

wn®;?, i Benpth nDtlce= 

®r*R ^ ^ ^ I He married 

beneath him— (tsd ftirl ¥Htln « 

Benedict ( ) n. a man who has 
newly married after remaining a bache- 
lor for a long time ®rtftr 

c*nf^ ft«i ^ ri i --adj. 

blessed • 

Benediction (c^’ftfOT*VH) n. a blessing 

irt^T I — tory adj. i 

Benefaction ( ) n. benefit con- 
ferred I —factor one 

who gives a benefit ; a patron 


Benefice ( c^’ftft^®" ) «. a kind of church 

OltOR ; an ecclesiastical living i 


[ 60 ] 


Beneficence ( ) n. kindness ; 

charity i — cent a.Ij. kind, charitable 
; useful I 

Beneficial ( ) adj. useful, advan- 
tageous U5r^»FST<jf> I — 

ficiary n. 

r^t'n ^^1 I 

Benefit ( ) u. advantage ; 

profit c>Tl« ; a favour ; a 

charity performance ^ti:<M 

) i --i'. t. to do 

good to I —y. i. ^V'5 5, 

You will not benefit from it 

Benevolence ( ) n. generosity, 

disposition to do good 

^lf^^1, l —volcnt adj. charitai)le 

— lenlly adv. 

Benighted ( ) adj. overtaken l)y 
night ?iraj5!'3, ignorant 

«/^1 I —night 

V. t. to involve in darkness 

; to disappoint 

f^?1»T I 

Benign ( } adj. gracious, kindly 

; salubrious 

; propitious £i^rr i ( 0/if). 

Malign ) — nignant ( ) adj. kind, 

beneficial i)ro])iiious * 

— ity ( ) n. kindness ; 

salubrity • — ly adv. 

Benison ( ) n. Idcssing of God 

Bent ( ) pa. t. & pa. p. of bend — ft. 

curved foim ; tendency, 

natural inclinatiini ‘Jibs, ‘Jlbs, 

trfffi I He was bent upon doing this 

I Bent wood chair 

I Bent- 

grass I 

Benumb ( f^rsit^ ) v. t. to paralyse, to stupefy 


Benzoin ( ) n. •ST^^ ^1^1, 


Bequeath ( ) v. t. to transmit property 

by will <pr^ C*f » - al, — ment n. 

=tsf? fW5l I 

Bequest ( ) n. legacy ^^5f3p:ir 


Bereave ( ) t'. t. to deprive a person 
of anything {pa. t. & pa. p. Bereft) 

I — reaved adj. 
robbed by death of some dear and near 
C»it^^ I —ment 

( ) 11 . the slate of being robbed 

by death of a friend or relative f^C'?t‘>I, 

C^5f1^ I 

Berg ( ) n. a floating mountain or 
mass of ice I ^^P? 

I — 

Beriberi ( ) n. a name of disease 
m C*It*il I 

Berry ( C^’f^ ) n. any kind of succulent 
fruit tlf5 gooseberry, 

blackl)crry, barberry, bilberry, straw- 
berry, raspberry, mulbciry 'Of5, 

Berth ( ) n. ( nout. ) anchorage 

tit ; sleeping place in a ship’s 
cabin *1^31 ^1 C*lta1 

; an oflicial situation or employment 
^^’s^, sl4b« I To give a wide berth to=^t^^ 
JtlT^ I 

Beryl ( ) n. a precious stone 

f?pT^i^i I 

Beryllium ( ) n. a metal harder 

than steel used for manufacture of air- 
craft and other apparatus 
&15I ijbl^ *t1^ I 

Beseech ( ) v. t. to entreat, to implore 


i 61 3 


1 {pa. &. pa. 

part, besought). 

Beseem ( ) v. t. to be fit for 

^w, ^?n ; to seem c^t3i, 

c^r^^ I 

Beset ( ) V. t. { only, in p. pt ) to 

surround *t?r, ; to assail 

I Beset with difficulties 

Beside ( ) prep, by the side of, near 
'<35^^ I Besides adv. over and 
above, in addition ?tC'5fv8, i 

Besides the mark, the question —irrelevant 

I To be be- 
side one’s self^f^C^-m 

Besiege ( ) v. t. to lay siege to 

sp?, »I3R I — er n. 

Besmear ( ) v. l. to bedaub fiin, 

C»lf5^1 I 

Besom ( ) n. a broom c*rfi>1 ; 


Besought ( ) pa. t. and pa. p. of Beseech. 

Bespangle ( ) v. t. to adorn with 
anything shining >IWt^ 

^ I 

Bespatter ( ) v. t. to sprinkle with 

water CH'lit ; to 

defame i 

Bespeak ( ) v. t. to speak for before- 
hand \ 

Besprinkle ( ) v. t. to sprinkle over 

f»IT, I 

Best ( ) adj. most excellent 

^t®T, I — n. one’s utmost ability 

?l«rty|tifF, I — adv. in the highest 

degree 'Sif^ i At best = 

Best man or maid— ?1 ^91 «H1 C«rt7 i 
All is for the best=nft*n^t5 aifvi i 

I were best = it were best for me 

^r^T'5^ I To the best of 

one’s ability i 

To the best of one’s knowledge and belief 
f^>St7T I Life is at best but short 
C7[f5 I To have 

the best of it^^o^ts cW, » To 

put one’s best foot foremost 

Bestial ( ) adj. like the beast ♦fCR 

*rr5f ; rude I — ity n. 

Bestir ( ) v. i. ( used reflexively ) to 

arouse into activity 

^t3l1F ar^tl, C^T I 

Bestow ( ) V. t. ( on, upon ) to confer, to 

give r.ff, I — towal n. dis- 
posal I —slower n. 


Bestrew ( ) v. t. io strew over 
Ol*fF f^Tf1 r —n. & p. p. 

Bestride ( ) v. t. to stride over it 

tri, ^f^3S»si tl1 ; to sit upon a horse 

TI1 I 

Best-seller 51^1^ ( 

) I 

Bet ( ) V. t. or v. i. to stake *f«| 

?l«r, Tl ^1^ I — «. n«i, 

^1#1 I —tor n. one who bets i 

^«rf®TB I — ting n. act of betting ^1#! 

I An even bet— equal chance >lTDt^l 
I Youbet=( 


Beta ( ) n. the second letter of the 

Greek alphabet ; 

indicative of second class, order etc. 
caff^ I 

Betake ( ) v. t. to have recourse to 

^ j to apply oneself to (siiar 

sj-m I 

Betel ( ) n. a kind of creeper with pun- 

gent leaves •(t*i i Betel-nut =the areca 
nut I 

[ 62 ] 


BetMnk ( to think on «rt^ ; 
to propose to one’s self 
^ ( used reflexively followed by of) 
Wtc^n I 

Bedde ( ) v. i. to happen to i Woe 

betide i ^ f^n*f ! ^tn*f i 

Bedmes ( ) adv. in good time 

; c \rly ; speedily 


Betoken ( ) v. i. to show by a sign 

’rC¥C'®^< i to Ibrcshow ^ i 

Betray ( ) v. t. to c’-xcive the faithful 

filajcgrt^ ; to disclose 
treacherously »fGP? i|f^ Of ; to show 

signs of ©^t»r 3P®[, C? I — er n. trai- 
tor ; seducer 

•fdtst I — al «. breach of turst firajnftft, 

fkfmvs^^ I 

Betroth ( f5r}’«i; ) v. t. to contract marriage, 
to affiance 

iftif \ — al, ment n. a contract in order 
to marriage fsT^ 


Better ( ) adj. ( comparative of good ) 

preferable c^tC^Tl ; 

improved in health 'srf^t^ > — adv. 

( comparative of well ) more fully, more 
than i — v. t. to improve ^Hv5 

VS\W[ ^ \ Betters 'Q¥®R » 

Bettering, Betterment n. i Better- 

lMitf=wife ifl I To better one’s setf=^f^ 
'St®! I To be better oir== 
^t»r 5 < To get the better ; 

m, 0?^ c*f9il I 

Between ( ) prep, in the middle, 

expressing joint relation or action sitW^, 

I To go between— to act as a 
mediator UkJW H, 

\ I Between oorselves^in con- 
fidence I Between yon and me^ 

I His (qpeech mutt be lend between 

the lines ==^1^ vslM 


Betwixt ( ) prep, in a middle position 
irtw^, I 

Bevel ( ) n. inclination of surface 

Beverage ( ) n. any agreeable 
drink *^1 W3H ^ I 

Bevue ( CTr’f®^ ) n. a blunder fsf^ ^ i 

Bevy ( ) n. a flock of birds Wt^ ; 

company of ladies *fW ijlf I 

Bewail ( ) v. t. to lament, to weep 

aloud for the dead f^RI, 


Beware ( ) v. i. {of) to be cautious, 

to take care f, 1?, 

K\^ ( Tin^ ) I 

Bewilder ( ) v. t. to perplex, to 

puzzle =0^ I — ed 

adj. I — ing adj. i —ment 

n. I 

Bewitch ( ) v. t. to fascinate, to enchant 

I —ment 

n. I 

Bewray ( ) v. i C%r\ I 

Beyond ( ) prep, on the further side of 

^HW ; out of the reach of 
cs?t?:«Tf5t® ; past or»V5 i Beyond mea- 
sure ^excessively I Be- 

yond the seas ^ abroad 

I Beyond power =WW^5t^ 

I Beyond the limit— 

I Beyond the mark=^^«lf^f®V i Bey- 
ond one’s jurisdiction ^trw 
^1 I Beyond question —Tswn i To go 

lieyond— to surpass C*fsi1, W? i 

Beyond the range of mind^^c^ 

C5RT«tqi I This is beyond me— wt 

carmen I 

Bezel ( ) «. the oblique face of a cut 

gem nPTHl^ WTWClM ; the 

grooved rim for setting a stone or glass 

[ 63 } 


iFt^ftlJl { sloping edge of a chisel 

m *!?! I 

Bez^pie ( fiiflr^ ) n. c<f»r • 

lirrnsT? Wi «it¥ c-fTtm^r 

w c*rr5i c«r^ i 

Bezonhu ( C^wf^=T ) n. i 

Bezor ( ) n. « 

Bias ( ^Tnilf;^ ) n. weight on one side ^^l^lrt»T3r 
^(^1, ; one sided inclination of the 

mind, partiality *fss*r^5, «lt"rf^ i — v. t. to 
incline to one side C=ffi!T1 C*f ; to 

be prejudiced *f*V*rr^ *f^1 Tit^f Wf i 

Biaxial ( ) aJj. of crystals having 

two axes ^1 \ 

Bib (f5i^) «. a piece of cloth put under 
the infant’s chin 

— V. t. or V. i. to drink, to tipple 

iiw *rt^ I Wine bibber i 

Bibble-babble ^«n i 

Bible ( ) n. The sacred book of the 

Christian church 

' — lical ( ) adj, relating 

to Bible I 

BibUography ( f^[%?rt5IlfiF ) n. an account of 
books f^tsTn^ I 

BibUolatry ( ) n. Respect or en- 

thusiasm for literal meaning of the 
words of scripture ftf c^tC^I *Tl3r^ 

—Bibliolater n. i 

— Bibliolatrous adj. «r1% areft>T"^5[ t 

Bibliomania ( ) n. Book madness ; 

excessive enthusiasm for collecting books 

— C n. afflicted with bibliomania 

BibUophiie ( ) «• a book lover ; 

fond of books, rather as a collector than 
as a reader Sf%fh^ ; f^^Tn 
C-nttrt C^, I 

Bibliopole ( f5r%«n’9T ) n. Book-seller, esp» 
seller of rare books fwt*f 

'5‘wtnT c»it^ I 

Bibliotheca ( ) n. a library 
^fT»T. I 

Bicameral ( \ 

Biceps ( ) n. a double-headed 

muscle, esp. the arm flexor f%f%? Htt’f- 
Cn^ ; >TtC^TF^T 

Bicentenary ( 5rttC5*I^C^?f5r ) adj. the two hun* 
diedih anniversary I 

Bicephalous { ) adj. double-headed 

Wild t 

Bicker ( ) v. i. to contend about trifles 

^ni51-]^<Tf« ; to quiver fnl, 

; a patterning sound ^aPTl 

»r^ 1 — ing n. a quarrel tr% 

Bicycle ( ) n. a two-wheeled carriage 

propelled by feet ^ft^, 

( c^1^1 Bike ) I Ride on 

bicycle— i 
Bid ( ) V. t. to command 'WrtX?*t 

^ai, artwi ^ ; to offer nt5, tplap ; 
e. g. To bid at an aoctioii=f^t^ i 
— n an t^er of a price 

e. g. What is your 6i4/?=c^WW 

? — der n. one who bids t5tr¥, 
f^rd^l I —ding n. tgfair, niw i To 
bid fair=^tni 5, ^ i To bid wel- 
come to one=^ti:^ \ 

Biennial ( ) adj. occuring once 
to two years 

Bier ( ) n. an wooden frame for 

carrying the dead to the graveyard iWt 
fji^i FUPt Ti I 

Bifocal ( 1 adj. having two foci 
^«rlTt 'f%W> ; 

^ ^5 t 

Bifhrcute, Bifurcated ( ^V:4^ ) acfj, having 


[ 64 ] 


two branches CtpC4!rfiI 

«f^1 I — cation n. division into two 
^^*1 I 

Big ( ) adj. large, great, bulky 

; picgnant ( —ness 

n, size i To talk big=^?r ^«n 

^ I To look big=Bt^< 


Bigamy ( ) n. the act of having two 

wives or two husbands at once tilC^ 

5IB1 I 

—mist n. fjf ^ls^ <1 \ 

Bight ( ) n. a small bay ; a 

bend in a river ; coil of a rope 

Bigot ( ) n. blindly devoted to certain 

creed or parly ' 

— ed adj. unduly devoted ^1% 

I — try ti. blind zeal 


Bijou ( C*f^1 I 

Bike ( ) n. a nest of wasps > 

( Bicycle C^W ) i 

Bile ( ■?rtf «T ) «. yellow or green fluid secreted 
by the liver of man or animals ; 

(Jig. ) ill humour 1 

— lious ( ) adj. affected by bile 


Bilge ( ) u. the prolubci ant ])art of a 

cask ^1 ^ItirC^W, 

I Bilge-water- -wafer lying on a 
ship’s bottom ^1 ^T1 

^4151 I 

Bilingual ( ) adj containing two 

languages C»Tt5t^t?1, 


Bilk ( ) V. i. to cheat c*f i 

Bill ( f4«T ) n. the beak of a bird ; 

the pointed fluke of an anchor 9I3 r^ I 
c^tsn I 

Bill (f^cT) 71. an account f^»T, ; a draft 

of a law C^t5tf^f1 ; a placard ; 

a wi'ittcn complaint ; a note of hand 

I Bill of exchange 

n® I Bill of fare=CtJtc5«T'® i 

Bill of indemnity— i Bill of 
lading ^C?9T ^1 iit»f 

I Bill of sale^f^jpv nar, i 

Bill of conditional sale^’*[^-^^9i'|, «|3isl 

naj «fi5 i Pay bill='T*t5t^ i 
Travelling allowance bill— fV^T i 

Billet ( ) n. a short note ; a ticket 

to soldiers ^lt f5^i> 

(dim of bill) i Billet— ^t*} ( c^t?f1 
515 ) I 

Billet-doux ( ) n. a love-lcUer ca^f- 

naj I 

Billiards ( ) rz. a kind of game 
placed with a mace and balls on a 
table I 

Billingsgate ( ) n. abusive language 


Billion ( ) 71 . a million of million 

(inAmeiica ) one thousand 
millions i 

Billow ( ) n. a great wa\ c of sea 

C15^ I — y adj. 

Billy-goat n. a he goat tet'S I i 

Bi-metallism ( ) 71. the system 

of standardizing the value of gold and 
silver U^r9 


Bi-monthly ( ) adj. appearing once 

in two months or twice in a month 

Bin ( ) n. a vessel for storing corn et( . 

■s^’5f 55fff? maj I Dust 

bin^^m '?f^1 I 

Binary ( ) adj. composed of two 

parts, double »ri3 *fl35 

C^Z^^ ; a double star 

^^1 I 

Bind ( ) V. t. { to, iip07t ) to bring together 

<Tt^ ; to fasten !8f4^^ ; to 

[ 65 ] 

encircle round ItJ, ^ ; to lay 

under obligation TtifT ^ I To 

Undovorto keep the pe«ce=^t%SV 

if, e. g. He was bound over in 
the sum of Rs. 100 to appear in 'court— 
^tfw^ ^oo>^ 

C*nU1 ?»r I I dare or will be bounds 
^ iit «nft • 

— er n. one who binds ( CHr^t f^Ttn ), 

I — ing txdj. obligatory 
c^rtrNl ; w I — 

crrtfd^, I 

Maocle ( f%5Tn*[ ) «. a telescope for viewing 
objects with both the eyes 
ai \ — cular ( Wt? ) adj. adapted to 

the use of both eyes ; 

sf¥l I 

Bteonlal ( ) adj. or n. a quantity 

having two parts a+b ^ l 

Bio-genesis ( ) n. the process of 

natural generation of life from life d!t*R 
•fUl «t«rf {opp. Abiogeneais=8pon- 

taneous generation ) i 

Biography ( ) «, an account of the 
life of a person 

KBtB i --grapher n. a writer of a biography 
flhPf I —graphical adj. iflVT- 

fitB nt^Nf I 

Biology ( ) n. the science treating of 

living beings d^Ttrs^ i —legist 

a. one who studies the science of biology 

*ffBB I —logical adj, d?^- 

fdwtsT I —warfare d?l;BT5 » 

Bioscope ( ) «. an optical instrument 

by means of which actions of living 
beit^gs are shown dptli^yw C’T’ipin ttlTl- 

( ) adj. giving birth to 
two at a time 1?^^ 

wrirtn i 

Bipartite ( ) adj. divided into two 

pafts ^ f^W9 \ ' bipartite 

leaf having drawn up in two correspon- 
ding documents as shared by two 

parties T1 jfw l?ll 

^sri ; fi I C^m bipartite contract, 
treaty etc. 

Biped ( ) ». a two footed animal If- 
ci#l¥l WB, fin? I 

Birch ( Btt ) «. a kind of forest tree «a1%ir lltB 

Btiw in, m » 

Bird ( ) n. feathered animal i 

— catcher i ^-cyed=quick 

sighted cwfin ^ nTl, '0*n- 

I Bird's aeot*=Fitt^ i Bird's eye 
view— BnrB CFiTl 1 Bird of Paradise 

=^^1^ BlfinBl F^l I Bird of 

pa8sage=a migratory bird BBn itt 

c?*^ Bsrt^ Ifun I A little bird told me«» 
lit Btcrntwri bwt? tifSir^ i 

Biretta ( fdnji ) n. a clergy's cap TlWBB 
ftp*n I 

Birth ( ) a. the act of cpining into 

BWl ; off BMring entitle, WtB ; origin 
; Hneagir W, fi|, WTB » 

—place Jit » 'day Bfffwd i 

— right or privily to whii^ 
one b entitlod l>y birth wnwi IB, BB1- 
firBtB » 

Bbeuit ( ) n. a, kind of hard and dry 

bread f^il ( Latin Wj= 

twice) . 

Bisect ( ^TtTF’t ) V. i. to cut into two parts 
’ntrsi BtJ I 

Bisexual ( ) adj. herma-phrodite 

tBfsiB, ff fbB I 

Bishop ( ) n. a spiritual guide in the 
Christian Church under an Archbishop 
«r«rr!i Bt#i FtrtBi 

m\ CBBtJt Bli> f^»ra I — ric ( Bn:f^Y ) 
«Ptt5i •rtift BBtBi BtB i 

Bismuth ( ) n. a kind of metal of 
reddbh green colour BB*T BWBl 'Sftil 


[ 66 J 

Bissextile ( ) adj, having an in- 

tercalary day ; a leap-year 
I I 

Bison ( Tt^55T ) n. a wild bull ^ i 

Bit ( ) n. a small piece 

; the part of the bridle 
which remains inside the mouth of a 
horse osN? i Bit by bit 

=in small piece 

I To take the bit in his teeth= 
to be beyond restraint C^TlTf^l, 

Tl CHt?t^1 ^ « To put 

the bit in the mouth— to restrain ^ti1, 


Bitch ( f^55: ) n. (fern. ) ^1 i 


Bite ( ) ». t. to seize with the teeth 
^31 ; to pain ; to cheat 
; to nibble 

TtCf ) I — n. a wound caused by the teeth 
WtmU, C^t& ; a mouthful I 

To bite the dust=to die iR i To bite 
the thumb =c^5 ^ C*r^1, «R ; 

( pa. t. bit, pa. p. bit or bitten ). 

Bitter ( ) adj. having acrid taste 
; painful Cl^T^Pl I —n. 

^ ; iP^-) I —ness n. %t 5 l 


Bitumen ( ) n. ^t%w ^ i 

Bivouac ( ) n. encamping of soldiers 

at night in the open air 

3ftf% 4rrlt5 

1 —V. {. n53t1 f? f 

Bi-weekly ( ) occurring or appear- 
ing twice a week or once in two week 

cw ^ '6r»rt?n ; 

Bizarre ( f4Wt^ ) adj. queer, eccentric 


Blab (C^) V. i. to talk nonsense C^[»[nmi, 

I —her n. a talker 

l^«tl ^^1 


Black ( C3r^) adj. of the darkest colour 
W, I —n. 

f5^ I — en V. t. to 
make black 1 — ish adj. slightly 

black ^'»l1 i Black- 

beetle:-- cockroach c*tt^ ; I 

Black board 1 

Black boding 1 

Black-browed - sullen i 

Black chalk ^’^1 ^rtf5 i Black- 
faced— gloomy sifai^T 

I Black Fever \ 

Black-guard ( a vile fellow 

3r?trlF, I Black list— list 

of defaulters iRRt? ; 

C^51 I Black sheep f sHwt? W»R 

CF^1 ^f3Pi I Black 
smith=one who works in iron I 

Black-book = a book for recording 

punishment ^rif^jtfF C?t^ ?[1 
W I In black and white =in writing 
t 5 wi <511 I To be 

in one’s black books 
C?t^1 i Black-art = magic ^T^- 


Blackmail ( CJ^’Z'Si^ ) n. money extroted 
by robbers, hush-money 

^Iwt9 ^^1 I —V. t. «igjt?^cn 

Bladder ( c?®t^ ) n. a vessel containing 

air or liquid in the body T^art<tt?, ; 

C^) I 

Blade ( fir®' ) «. the leaf or flat part of 

grass 3t1 *(t® ; the cutting part of 

an instrument *ft3r, CFt^ 5pt*r ; the 

flat part of an oar 3rit^ C5f*lih ^t»r ; ^31 I 

Blade-bone — 1 

Blame ( Cir’*{ ) n. imputation of a fault, 

censure *rfir, W^R, C^ft^t, r — r. t to 

find fault with, to censure iftl 

I 67 1 

—able adj. cwt^t 
W^r^irl I — less innocent fsrrtrrft, i 

—^worthy liable to blame i 

Blanch ( fftai" ) v. t, to whiten i 

— f. n? ^ ? I 

Bland ( Cd'®^) adj. smooth mild c=VTa»l, 


Blandish ( orRli: ) V. t. to flatter, to caress 
^pn I —ment n. 

coaxing, soothing speech 
^«n, ipBriffsr I 

Blank ( ) adj. withoul writing sTtfa^, 

; empty, vaccant ^Tffir. 

unrhymed f W )'l —n. an 

unwritten paper ; a lottery 

ticket without any number ipt^ ; the 
white mark in a target 

i — ahot ^HtW i 

Blanket ( ) ft. a woollen covering 
^1 I — ing ft. cloth for blankets 
^sr»pr ; the punishment , of being 

tossed in a blanket C^nit^ CWt^RI 

•Itf^ I A wet blanket 


Blare ( arsU: ) V. i. to roar C'S1 ^ i 

—n. 0§1 »T^ i 

Blaspheme ( CTF ) v. t. & v. i. to speak 
impiously of God ; curse 

*ft>6 cw, »rtn I — er n. I ph e m y 

n. contemptuous uttering against God 
1 — phemous adj. i 

Blast ( il^J n. a gust of wind Wtfa 
C^FI ; sound of a wind instrument 

?t*W »rar Tt in'® ; explosion of 
powder srt^ Tra«r fjn ^srtr, ^rtvf 

^¥11 I — V. t. to split with powder STtC^ICa 
'em) ^1 ; to wither B¥1, CW ; 
to frustrate ^rtw ¥^, m i — ed 
dltr^tn i Blasting furnace =a smelting 
furnace etf «n:»rtri Blaadnc- 

powder:«nt«r^ ¥1 Pw 'evrrtn srf^ i In fall 
Wast«i^4rw, I 

Blatant ( circtl^ ) i 

Blatter ( ) v. i. to talk too much ^ 


Blaze ( ej’w: ) n. flame f ^ ¥t^r, fWI ; 
breaking forth a¥l*r ; a white 

spot on the face of a horse cW, dWM ; 
'a mark made on trees to trace a path 

c^in drw 

Tt I — V. i. to burn as flame vft W, 
®1T^ I — D. t. to proclaim OTt^ m I 
— Xing adj. emitting light WftW I 

Go to blazes i =1^*rr® 5 ! To blaze iip= 

f ^ *n I 

Blazer ( eywT^ ) ». a bright-coloured sporting 
jacket ^»r ; light flannel 

coat, often dyed with colours of some 
particular institution CffT^faR 

c¥ti>, m«rr?[-rry c¥t^ d>¥i 


Blazon ( } v. t. to display, to make 

public wsrfwt¥ m, m, oFlw m i 

Blazon ( Cirwsi ) n. a heraldic' coat of arms 
« — ed 

nrtf? vtH i 

Bleach ( ttW^ ) a. t. to make white c*n, 
m I —ing ¥tr*rr^ ccw i —tag pontiff 
aif%a srtentf ccun ntn i 

Bleak ( ) adj. cold CSTI, cTO*r^tTt ; csqKJsed 

^¥f»r, cheerless tR n»inl, 

I —ness a. 

Blear ( Qtie ) adj. dim with inflaxnatkm 

Biaitn csfr?<n I —eyed 1 

Bleat ( frt) V. t. cS c® ■!¥ 

¥n, OTl I — tag fi. the cry of a sheep 
ntB I To Meat oat=^to speak foolishly 
cnarrtbri I 

Bleed ( ) v. i. to let blood issue, to lose 

blood C¥W B®n, nv ntW ¥? ; to die by 
slaughter pB f t — o. t. to export money 
from Nl fftTrtf nr I Xha heaft 
Weedf ^ ^ f, anw cwm ¥ta \ 
p. a. letting of blood to cope 

fl « 1 

out cw c«mi < — ivtw I ( A. t 

and pa. p, bled ). 

Blemish ( ) n. a stain ; 

disgrace ; defect ffJT, *ffl l —v. L 

to defame ; to disfigure 

»I^1, I 

Bleoch ( CS*7 ^ ) ». /. to shrink 
«nr3P «ri i 

Blend ( CSf^'O ) V. t. to mix together 

f^r^^n, ; to compound in a mass 

I — V. i. to mingle f ; 

? I 

Bless ( C3r5‘ ) V. t. to wish happiness to, to 
invoke divine favour upon 
to make happy ; to praise 

I — ed adj. happy, enjoying heavenly 

I — ing n. a prayer for 
happiness i Blessedness 

^♦rl I Single blessedness ^Tl, 
Tl I Bless God=--t f^P 

«rl6f<^ I Bless my soul ! Bless your 
heart-’Bt c^l1^ ! ( c^lr^Tl 

ir^iT c^W 

) f 

Blight ( ?rt^^ ) n. a disease of plants it? 
W*l^ *t?1 I — V. t. to effect with blight 
w*!” c*r^, •f?l, <R ; to 

frustrate f?iF^ f5Rl»r i 

Blind ( Jtt'O; ) adj. destitute of sight ^*11, 
5^ 5|«f»1, ; oJ?5CW 

ignorant ^TTf^ l>KW* Tl ^ ; 

'';i '‘iiii'iai '.‘’fw 

twWrt io-^rrw of 

light W 1W, ff to 

decciw dWII W, — ^i. 

windofT sereeit *1^, Wfjt, 

wrw ; I — ^ w^'*f ffh, 

5IW?1*fhffV(t«if I -*‘mm '"% want of sight 
^ wrf, ; ignorance tjpfn \ —fold 

to cover the eyes gH, cWirt i 

— ftith= W f^t»T I Love is lillnd«=«ff 

Blink ( fim ) V. i. or v. t. to wink, to sec 
obscurely with the eyes half-closed 
^5U, 15^ »n&1 ^ftr ; 

to shine in a flickering manner 

^fk C*ft54 t - -n. wink, glimpse 
; a gleam of light 

iS’f^iSnr^T I — ers n. C^Tlr^ 

^l% f»f^1 

W<\ 5’^ I — ard ftl «I51t5 

(TT:«t I 

Bliit ( mi?' ) v. i- to burst into tears ^5rtTt5 
5^-C^ ^ I 

Bliss ( ?/. the highest happiness 

out?-! I — ful adj. 

I —fulness n. i 

Blister ( ) n. watery bladder on the 

skin CT?1 ; ointment or plaster 

to raise a pustule C^*! C^15T1 I 

— V. i. to cause a blister C>] *{1^ 

cwt 2 ii mtF I —fly c^t?ir 5 ent^, I 

Blithe ( ) adj joyous, sprightly 

i —ness i 

— some-mirthful i 

Blither ( ) v. i. to talk nonsense garru- 
lously ; cgr»tyrtf% 

cw^n I 

Blitz-krleg ( fll^-f^’T ) n (see war), a violent 
aeroplane attack WtftW^ 

orrsnt«i ; ^anr«i i 

( 1^1^ ) n. a blinding Strom of 
^nd and snow t(fft \ 

( f '1^ ) V. t. to cause to swell 'OIWl, 
nf*tf5p tf ) t 

{ IW) n. a drop of liquid 

: a round spot ; gooseberry 
or anything like h Wt^ «frf 

Block (r^) n. an unhewn piece of wood 
or stone vi^, 5fori, cult ^14 

m ; a piece of wood or metal on 

t 69 j 


something is eBgmv*ed in printing 
m apfrt ; m pulley irfllil ; a group 
of houses oirontll ; an obstruc- 
tion 1 to shut up 

^ — i^ud «. a 

fool nsr*, cvn owtc»i c^^- 

wift 4 Wirt wfin ^tit?i 

fsniT I --«■ if MKk 

I To art Moehs wMi a razor 

=^«n C5^1 I 

Blockade ( gTO® ) n. blocking up of a place 
by surrounding with troops or ships 

^1^1, wirrts « — 1». /. 

to surround by troops 

cufk *Rr I . 

Blonde ( ir*^ ) n. a person of fair com- 
plexion 5|oro, c>Tt«ft»rr 

( opp. Brunette ' i 

Blood ( II®; ) n. the red fluid which flows 
in the veins and arteries of men and 
animals C^W ; relationship Ofl'jftl ; 

descent ^•■T, ; temperament CWWtW 

tRTt?! ; murder ; red juice of anything 
wn on I His blood is up=«t? rtt i 

— bought ^procured by bloodshed nwntts 
entn I —heat ntn nntn 
sRn 1 —horse Btrt WtWn ^tmi » —hound 
rtftir ^ I —money WK^^ 
wmu w-tpi rt^rrl ot# 1 i —poisoning c^w 
CftTi I —relation -related by 

blood or marriage Wlrnt^T i 

— shed— slaughter T8rb ^ t - — shot 
srS1 tftrt ) I — stained ^stained with 

blood wrw I —thirsty f^t3S i 

— yesael cw frti *itr^ i —less 
C^«1 I — ^(lux C^W 4t'0 J In hot blood=r 
from excitement i In cold blood 

«from deliberate judgment i 

— ^y adj\ stained with blood ; cruel 

1^, fTl-WT 1 Blood and iron 

pollcy=^«n^f% I Of the royal blood= 
I Blue blood-=t5tO^ i 

Flesh and blood i Blood 
is thicker than water —C^af-W^< 

Blood-bank csww^fl i —shed 

) —sports I 

Bloom ( ) V. i. to flower ^1, '^^1 C^*T, 

; to be in a state of youth or 

vigour ?, ? ' —n. 

a blossom ; youthful vigour and 


^■<•1 I --ing, --y adj. ^»n, 

; shining I To take the 

bloom off a thing -C^tr^Tl ^1 


Blossom ( ) n. a flower- luid i 

— r. i. to pul forth flowers I 

Blot ( S’! ) n. a stain C5^i1, ; infamy, 

disgrace i - -r. t. to stain ?t'>T : 

to obliterate (Slff 'Si1^ ; to 

wipe off, dry 1}% I Blotting 

paper i Blot 

out ■sifV C^9(1 1 A blot on the escutcheon - 
f Blot one’s copy book=^cJirt 

Blotch ( ?15: ) n. a pustule ‘Jrt'3 C^tTl lift^T, 

f^sf I ~i>. t. to mark with dark 

spots on the skin jft'H' i 

—adj. Blotchy i 

Blouse ( ) n cFt^n i 

Blow (CS1) n. a stroke 

; mishap I At a 

blow = suddenly i To 

come to blows, to exchange blows 
»Tt^, > Without striking a blow 

I To strike a blow for 
I — V i to produce a cunent 
of air ^?1, I ~v. t. cib, 

C’f, j To blow away - 

I To blow down 

7(^'\^:s c^t?1 I To blow up-- ^^t| cn*l1 

( ) » To Wow out 511 I To 

blow hot and cold ^19T 


[ 70 ] 

c<r( c*m I To 

blow off=^9r»rrf ti ^tn ttw ^ i To 
blow np=^f? f^tn I To blow over=to 
subside »rrTsr^& i To blow one’s own 

tnnnpet=1%w? To blow 

one’s brains ont=^^ tif^ t Blower= 

f^1 I 

Blowze, Blowzy ( ) adj. coarse looking 
cfsrt^ rs^tiT ^ ?srf*fn I 

Blubber ( ) v. i. to weep vehemently 

i -— ed 

p. adj. of a face swol'en with weeping 

Bludgeon ( a1®;;«iFJT ) «. a short stick, having 
one end heavier than the other ^ ; 
iStFfrsi ^r^3T I 

Blue (f^) n. one of the seven primary 
colours ; the sea ; the 

sky I --adj. of the blue colour 

1 — ish ^dj, slightly blue 
I —beard n. c^t?Tw^'6 ♦nft W 
I -^inck ®tw i 

— book=parliamentary reports and re- 
turns i —bottle 

c^ti f ¥ ) « 

— jacket =a seaman srtf^^ i 

— stocking = a learned but pedantic lady 
I —devil i 

— ribbon = any great prize vRtJ 

I —water i The blues 

^rsrtrrfft tI 5^ » —stone 

—vitriol I To look blue=to be 

down spirited «ft*P i 

Bluff ( adj. out-spoken \5t'5n*lTl, 

; blustering » — ^ly 

adv. C«rt>rt^f5Tt^, <r*Rtt l —n. a high 
ri^rer bank f«f? ^1 ; a boastful swagger 

Blunder (irt't^t^ ) n. a great mistake 
I — I. to make a gross mistake 
^ ^ I — er W ‘ 

Blunderbuss ( ) n. 


Blunt C Jrt^, ) adj. rough, not sharp CVhffI, 
WSil, ^l?«1 ; dull evtn ; frank c^TTWl i 
— V. t. to dull the edge C«t^ ^ I — ly 
adv. I —ness n. Bluk-wittcd— 

C^l, I 

Blur ( jrt^; ) V. t. [ out or om ) 

ci5^ »fTi, c»in:r^n ^ i Pa. p- 


Blurt ( Sti^ ) n. sudden utterance 

c^tn I To blurt out— 

c*f»fi I 

Blush ( ) n. sudden appearance of red 

glow on the face C^tTl 

^W1 W, cw 

I — y, X. to express shanae sTfO 

Wtrsrtsn I — ing n or adj. 
esm ^^1, sai®t?r, i At the first blush 


I To put to the blush - ®ltUF i 

Bluster ( ) v. t. to make a loud noise 
like wind C^Ufl C^tC5t?1, ^^STi I 

—n. I —ing n. swagger- 
ing »r8tf»T, I — OUS adj. 

Bo, Boh ( » 

Boa ( ) n. a general name for the largest 

species of serpents 

Boar ( C^t^‘ ) n. the male of swine Wl 

^Tl I —ish aty. like a boar brutal 

Board ( ) n. a broad wooden frame 

Off^, liW\> C^iw; ; food orTft^, ; a 

table round which a council is held 

C^W ; 1 ® council of some autho- 

rised persons C^tC^ 

cat??, The board of revenne^atwa faaa^e 
vpgl ; the deck of a ship Wtatwa 
«naa • — t'* ^ ' to provide food on 

payment ca ; to enter a ship 

by force WtatWW catal i -O *• to take 

[ 71 ] 

food I — er n. one who lives in 

a boarding and receives food there 

«rtr^ i — ing n. act of cover- 
ing with board ; act of 

supplying with food on a fixed payment 
<R ^»T f^1 I Black-board=^»r® 

5jrtiir I Pasteboard = 


I Board and lodging 
C^l^, tpiT) I Board school 

f •! I —wages C^t?l1 

Above board=a^t:% I 

By the board=^Wt^tW^ i To go by 
the board c^t«1, C^C^TTi j To go on 
board the ship = c^tr^ sfT^tW® ^6 C^t^t i 
Boast ( ) V. i. or v. t. to brag, to talk 

proudly irm, ^tf»l i 

— n. vaunting • 

— fal adj. given to vainglory 

' ~ing I 

Boat («!$)«. a small ship i — ing 

=thc art of plying a boat ^Tt'SCTtn 
I —man i —swain 

I In the same boat^«si:^ 

?n I To have an oar in another man’s 
boat = to meddle with another’s affaiis 
anw*ti t 

Bob ( ) V. i. or v. t. to move up and 
down in a jerking manner C^^Tl, 1%*n I 
— n. bait used in angling f?n, C&t*f ; a 
jerking motion arltWt^ ; a familiar form 
of Robert ht*r ; a policeman 

I Bobbed hair— ^ atf 
]^ ; *rt^ l(fii I 

( ) ft. a small round piece of 

wood on which thread is wound 
cir^tt c^tTt ^ I 

Ib4niled with a tail cut short 

citw^wif Bod-taU • 

( C^I ) »• *• »* to prophesy, to fijee- 

show »rw«l 

n\ I In bodes no good=t «t®l ^ 

(TJf^n C!T^a, ^ ®tar •rtstr i — ^ful =ominous 
e. g. A bodeful message— 

I — ing n. an omen 

ataw»rr i 

Bedkc ( c^t^D' ) «. a woman's jacket 

^11^5 C5tsn, wifk^ C6t»n, I 

Bodkm ( ^®rf%5T) ft. large blunt pin 5t®- 
WW1 I To sit or ride bodkin=c^5J1- 
^ ^1 I 

Body (^Tf®)ft. the whole frame of an animal 
<n C<fS ; a person iSW=r, C»lt^ ; 

middle of anything sitW®Tir, sTfW ; a num- 
ber of men ifsr, wt^ » Bodied i 

Bodiless adj. Bodily adj. relating to 

the body ^tC^, I — adv. distinctly, 

without reserve of’ei-offithir 

e. g. He denied it bodily =fJT 

In a body nrt^ ♦Itf®, 
^•1 I Body and soel=ort^r^? i 

— guard ft. a guard attending on the ruler 
of a province or the king ^ ^whrl 

j —politic ^Twh=if®® ’>T»r i 

— servant CFtffI i — warrant irtx 


— snntcher=W *1^1 ifk 

C^\^^ I 

Body corporate— f^^tl i 

Boffin esrt^ ; < 

Bootian ( ) adj. pertaining to 

Boeotia in Greece, hence dull, stupid 
C5TI, ’8lTW»n I 

Bog ( ^^ ) «. a marsh W1? i — gy adj. 
CWinf^, I —blitter fulfil® 

cntTl ^ I — trotter = 

one who lives in a boggy land, hence an 
Irishman «Rr| \ 

Boggle ( ) V. t. to hesitate OT5 

WFl^r^P I 

Bogie, Bagey ( ^ ) a. ^Tt% i 



[ 72 ] 

( ) n. goblin i 

Bogus ( ) adj. spurious ftrrl, 

Bohemian ( ) n. and adj. a person 

of loose habits, one who sets aside social 
conventionalities >Tt^rtfw^ 
c*r^'3'a5l i —life i 

Boil ( ) V. i. to bubble up by means of 
heat •tit 'et ; to be hot 

^ ; to be excited ^C^fwtS ^ i — v. t. to 
heat ^5?rl, ^*1^1 ; to cook t%UFl, I To 
boil down C i To boil over 

I Boiling point— ♦(1^ 
*1^1 I Boiler C^«T 

'SItfw *11 


Boil ( ) n. a tumour l 

Boisterous ( ) adj. wild ; 

noisily merry fa^, 

; Boisterousness n. 


Bold ( ^’^ ) adj. having courage ; daring ; 

; wanting foresight ^f%- 
; striking to the sight 
n^n, <1^1 ; steep '8<f I Boldfaced 

adj. impudent ' fstaftW I Boldly adv. 

I Boldness n. bravery ; 

I To make bold = to take the liberty; 
to be forward in speaking c'-^lCHI 

I To show a bold frost— W- 

Bole ( ^'9T ) n. the body of a tree Wl, sfi ; a 
recess in a wall I 

Boll ( 3l’\9*f ) n. the seed vessels of poppy, 
flax & the like W Tff ; a 

measure of capacity for grain CWlSl 

c?1^ Tt •hfk \ 

Bollard ( ) n. a post on a wharf to 

which the vessels are tied WtftW 3|if1 ittw 

Bolometer ( ) n. an initniment 

for measuring radiant heat 

cm^i I 

Bolshevik ( ) n. a member of the 

Russian socialist party of revolutionary 
character C«f"T=l 

ewt^ I 

Bolster ( ) «. a long round pillow 

I — V. t. a pad or a cushion ctsi 


Bolt ( ) n. a pin to fasten a door etc. 

faffir ; an arrow 

W? ; a thunderbolt ^ I — v. t. to fasten 
with a bolt ^ ■T^iarl *8tf^ ; to 

expel suddenly r — v. i. to 

rush away 'SWtl^ 2?R I Cupid’s bolt= 


Bolt or Boult ( ) V. t. to sift Ft»r l 

Bolter n. Ft»T^ » Bolt hole =:^ a 

place of shelter * 

Bolus ( ) n. a round mass »rt^ *, i 


Boma ^tan ; artlt^t ; C^lti ; i 

Bomb ( ^ ) n. an explosive of destnictive 
nature ; war ^ WT^trl wtwl ; 

csrtmvtai wirn w^ i 

Bombay-dack n. a fish of the salmon and 
trout kind in a dried condition aiVkWW 

WtW I 

( V. t. to attack with bombs 

csrrwr^i c^twtwfir atf% wraM*! ^ \ 

cwtw, cwtwwtw i 

( tr*rc^l^ ) n. a Wigh sounding style 
i)nm ¥1W^ WW nm mw\ l --ic adj. high- 
sounding ?laaf WWI Wl I 

( C^rt*n Wtl® ) adj. or adv. gemiine 
«fW. mim i la good &ith «ffw wWl, waw 

A' ao,n of swtietmeat 

that ^rf^ 

I 73 ] 

union ; a document ?fV[»r ; 

ai^t^itT*n ; the process of connecting one 
biick with another I (/>/•) 

—s= chains, fetters i — ed 

ttdj. irtfn I — er 

stores or warehouse m»T *tSl 

«?ttr I — maD=cirt»rt«r ; w*r, 1 

— s-man n. a slave C<rf»rf*l ; a surety 
I — maid-woman— i — debt ?r»T»ft 
^#1 \ — servant i — age n. slavery 
irmi I 

Bone ( CTf*^ ) «. a hard substance in the 
body of a living being ; (/>/.) 

the bones collectively, the body 

) I Bony adj\ full of 
bones i — dust, — metal 

I A bone of contention 
I A bone to pick = a grie- 
vance Wif? I To make no bones 

of=:Tl5r^6t^l ^^*11 I To 

the bone=5t^t»lC^ i A skin and bone = 
«1«P1 f Bred in the 

bone— ftmrtvrt? I 

Bonfire ( ) n. a large fire in the 

open air to express rejoicing C^fw i 
Bonhomie - ( ) n. good nature « 

Bonnet ( ) n. a covering for the 

head f cover of a 

motorcar engine wlN ^1^^ i 

Bonny ( ) adj. handsome i 

Bonus ( ) n. an extra dividend or 

gratuity ?(tf^, i 

Boob, Booby ( ) n. Tl «rw»n i A 

booby wifi never make a handle 
srtn? dh^^ C*inrrt^ » Booby trap== 


Boodle ( ^^53^ ) w. a crowd, pack WtO?, i 
stock-in-trade C^nt^l^r ^ iT^ll i 
Book ( ) n. sheets of paper written or 

blank bound together 

sft^^raf ; the division of a book dj^ii 


I — v. t. to enter in a book C^T’^f ; 

to transmit by entering in a book iJt®! 
C*f ; to take a ticket for 

3T I —binder 

> —case f«P\5t*R i Booking 

office =c^ f??1 t —keep- 

ing f^r? f^vol I —learning *(f«R 
( 33T?rfTf4^ ) I —let 

^ i —mark f^'5ftn fcfST i —post 

—shelf f4s^tn 3|«I1 C*r^t«f, I —seller 

fo^tn c^t^l I —shop i 

—stall C^51 C*n^1iT I 

— stand ’l^l m \ —worm 

cnT«p, r^i f<p^n i To be 

upon the books i To 
bring to book=to bring to account tttd 
3^^, I To take a leaf out of 

another’s book=^|3q? ; 

Boom ( ^ ) ti. a pole for stretching out a 
sail ^tt ; a hollow roar 

W, ,' sudden increase 

of business activity C^C^Tl C^nt^ 

I ( opp. 

slump ) — V. i. to make a hollow roar UST- 
fisrl, Ijsr »l^ 3|5f% ^ ; to make a 

rush to become prosperous 
^»TC^ I — ing== rushing with 

violence I A boom year 

Boomerang ( ) n. 


Boon ( ^ ) n. a gift or favour Tt^=T, ; 

a prayer i — adj. { e. g. a boon- 

companion ) gay, merry 

Boor ( ) n. a rustic, a coarse person 
F^l, I — ^ish adj. rustic I 

— ishly adv. — ishness n. 

Boost ( ) V. t. to shove ^Itf^ 

•frtm ; to advertise i 


I 74 ] 

to help to promote 

Boot ( ) w. a leather covering for the 

foot ^ cwt^1 I —lace i —last 

ewt^t^ TI its I Six 

feet in his boots i 

To die in his boots 'ST^Tt^ i To 
have one’s heart in one’s boot— ^ ^ 
C^t«1 I Bootlegger n. CSt^tfst^ ^ i 

Boot ( ^ ) «. advantage i — less = with- 
out profit I To boot= 

in addilion ^nf^NQ, TfrW'G I 

Booth ( ) n. a temporary hut or stall at 

a market place C^tm 

Cnt5t4 I 

Booty ( ) n. spoil from vanquished 

enemy, plunder, pillage "5^^, Of#Tl 

Booz ( ) V. C^t«1 I 

Bo-peep ( ^ P^^V’ among child- 
ren C«f^1 1 

Borax (^CW) n. a kind of mineral salt 
^**[1 I Boracic adj. pertaining to borax. 

Border ( ) n. an edge, margin, 

boundary of a country ^*<1, 

; embroidered edge of a garment or 

cloth ; a flower-bed ^ 

C^l? I — V. i. { on) to approach fiftH 
? I —V. t. ( upon, with ) 
to be adjacent >65^ ^t*r, ; to 

adorn with a border ♦ftf^ • — er=one 

who lives near border of a country 

Bore ( ) V. t. to make a hole by piercing 

(?f, ^ ; to annoy 'srT^rfJT 

^ I — n. a hole ^^1 ; a person who 
gives trouble ; the cavity of 

a gun I — dom jPtf% » ’ — er n. an 

insect that pierces wood C*ft^ ; ^t4 

; a person or thing that bores 
I — ings r^w\ 

I Boriiig-iiistnimeBt=^f^^1, t 

Bore = past tense of bear. 

Boreas ( ) n. north wind fir»ra 

nai 'sr^i atst? i 

Born ( a4 ) p. p. of bear ( '6*fWl ) i Bom 
in or with = inherited by birth 
'onwi Tfliin ^'Batr*fa5ta\ i In one’s bora days 
I Bora in the 
purple =atW^t»iaFt^ i Born with a silver 
spoon in one’s mouth 
wai *1 I 

Borough ( atral ) n._ a town that has the 
privilege of sending members to Parlia- 
ment CUT? 

^ai *111? 1 Country borough=:do,ooo 
c^wtaa 'ona «iati fam^sa 1 
Borrow ( arai ) v. t. to take on loan ata a^a, 
atca »T ; copy from others aita 4tta*fai a1 
caitasa*fai ^s^asa*! a^a ; to derive power 
from others ^Tfaanai >^1^51 nl i —or ata 
a^rlt^l, aa^al 1 — ed feathers or phimes— 
ff^ain ; ajtaam^s 1 

Borstal system ( ac^^»i ) n. Borstal a f1al 
anfa^® na.f^%»rai a^attiaaif ainar^las 
astatansi a^fa >itr»flaa asai aatafl 1 
Boscage ( acaJar; ) n. thick foliage aa 

caJtcnTai ; woodland ^'oaa I 
Bosky ( afw ) adj. woody, shady cat*nia1, 
alfaa^ai 1 

Bosh ( ) n. nonsense, humbug faH ^ 1 

interj. ca^ ! 

Bosom ( awa ) n. the breast of a human 
being igaa ; the heart ajBa i — adj. 
intimate <CTar»r »nn, *faa I 

Boss ( a^; ) n. knob ca^ ; a raised ornament 
^^rttas ^aslh arunta, ^^ta> vix 1 
Boss ( a57 ) n. a leader, a political wire- 

far;ytfl a*fa c»nn i •--adj. chief ^rirm, 
I — V. t. to guide i^wtaaf aw, 5111 1 
Botany ( ) rti science of plants fwi, 

^fwafaaiaf »rfm 1 — nist wr nfw 1 

%4i. an-afi!f*r I 


t 75 ] 

Botch ( TtW" ) n. a swelling on the skin 
cStrntail ; a clumsy work C’rt^fnsi^l 

I — V. t. to mend carelessly 
^tf»l 511 I — y adj. full 

of botches i 

Botfly ( ) n. ’Itfsf i 

Both ( ^*91) a4j. conj. ^jr\, 

Bother ( ) v. t. to trouble 

^4, f^sf I — ation n. trouble, teas- 
ing msrf^, I — er n. 

— some adj. — head - stupid i 
Bottle ■ ( 5^^ ) n. a hollow vessel for holding 
any liquid f^FI ; the contents of 

such a vessel «f^1 i — v. t. to 

fill in a bottle f55tl5 i — friend 
^ I Feeding bottle ^6^1 
fsFl i To bring up on the bottle^ sjt 5 ^^ 

I —gourd 

VTt'O I To look for a needle in a bottle ( or 
bundle of hay 1 

Bottom ( ) «. the lowest part of any- 
thing ; foundation ; 

the keel of a ship wlJ^t'SR 1 — less 

adj. I —less pit-^hell 

I — ry WtTtW • At 

bottom I To beat the bottom of 

^1 tif^^ ^^1 I From the bottom of 
the heart n^^l, ^9^?- 

♦f^1, 1 To go to the bottom = 

♦fl I To sift out to the bottom 
♦1^1 51 I To stand on one’s 

bottom 5 1 

Bottom-dran'er >llf5 C<i1?1 W*«Tt, 

WTf5t I 

Boudoir ( ) «. a lady’s private apart- 
ment finest c^iii I 

Bough ( ^t'O ) n. a branch of tree ^ 

«1»l > 

Boulder ( 5^’»|irta ) n. rounded stone re- 
moved by current of water 
Wii t»i»i 1 

Boulevard ( ) n. a street lined with 


trees "It^Tl »rt4^ ^fJ^I 


Boulter ( ^’»T6t5f ) n. long stout line for 
fishing, with a number of hooks attached 
c^^Tfi»t'6 nt^ 

’Itff <tf^5T I 

Bounce ( ) v. i. to spring suddenly 

; to boast ^ 1 — n. 

a heavy sudden blow ; a 

boast 1T^, *f^ I — er caTl^ i 

— ing=largc and heavy 

C^'Urfsil ; swaggering 1 

Bound ( ) p- par. of bind, Bound in 

cloth ?i;i 1 —up in f^»ra 
«f^1, 1 He is bound to 

do--=rC^'fi Tt*lb I 

Bound ( ) .K. liniit, boundary ^'STl ; 

{pi. ) circuit, a land within certain limit 
I —V. t. to set a limit 
to 5?^^ ; ^’Tl ^1^ ; to surround C^*T 

^5? I — ary n. termination ^t[l, 

\ — less I — Bound adj. ready to 

start ( as homeward bound ) 

OJrs? Wt3rtv'® t To break bounds— ^trl ni^ 

» To bring within bounds — 

I To go beyond the bounds of— 
^^1 ^ I Know no bounds— 

Bound ( ^ 1 ^fS ) V. i. to leap Wtn C 5 t ^1 1 
— n. leaping '^tn 1 By leaps and 
bounds 1 
Bounden ( 551^'®’^ ) adj. binding, obligatory 
Tt*n, I 

Bounty ( ) n. liberality in giving ift^T- 

; a gift ; a premium ^iM I 

— teous, — tiful adj. liberal ; 

> — teously, — tifully adj. 

generously \ 

Bouquet ( ’ ) «• a bunch of flowers, a 

nosegay C«lt^1, 5tf5P l 
Bourgeois ( ) n. a citizen ; 

middle class person ; a trader 


[ 76 ] 


I ( mod meaning ) a person with 
vested . interest i — ie 

Bomli or Bourne ( ) n. a boundary ^?rl, 

'SlW I 

Burbon ( i 

Bourse ( ) n. foreign money market 

Bouse ( ) V. i. to drink copiously 

fn I • — sy adj. 'STtf'*?! i also 

Booze, — zy. 

Bout ( ) n. a turn ♦f't^ ; a trial an 

attempt C5^ i A drinking bout — 


Bovine ( ) adj. relating to cattle 
; inert, sluggish 

05^1 I 

Bovril ( ?fvg?j) n. i 

Bow ( ) V. i. ( to, down, in ) to bend 
the head or lx)dy in saluting ^ C^t91, 
cv|?1 ; to submit 

?[»n5 I — n. salutation c^T^I, a^Tf^T i —backed 
C^Titl Cvrt?1, I A bowing acquaintance— 
^rc^^Atin I To make one’s bow^-~- 

»T I Bow ( C^ll ) n. a 
piece of wood or bamboo bent by means 
of a string C*f^; fiddie stick ; 

a necktie with a knot 

^W\ fV^1, I —bent 

^^51 1 — boy I —compasses 

I —hand i —legged 

Ctpr?^1 I — man t — string c*f^^ 

C«F*t^, C*t^^ ts«i I On the bow-hand 

I To draw the long 
bow=«7tl[9 I To have two 

strings to one’s bow=f^tC5i1 
^t5 lf§1 Ctri«1 1 To draw a bow at a 
venture=5TW5n-^^iilN v i 

Bow ( C?1 ) n. the forepart of a ship wtftW? 

Bowels ( ) fl. ( pi. ) the entrails sTlft- 

^ ; interior part ^STWJBq I i 

Bower ( TtTt^ ) n. a shady enclosure in a 

Bowl ( C3q^ ) ft. a Wooden basin for house- 
hold use ; a round drinking cup 

Bowl ( ) n. a wooden ball ^ (CUtn) l 

— V. t. to throw a ball C^^TflT^ 

( I — V. i. to play at bowls 3^*f- 

I — ing n. the act of throwing a ball, 
as in cricket l — er n. f^El ^ 

Box ( ) n. a case or receptacle 

5=^^, C§si1, ?rt3PF ; the contents of a box 
3^^ ; an enclosure with 
seats in a theatre ?34^ ?r^1 

; the seat of a driver on a carriage 
^itr^t^tst ^r\ « ~~v. t. to 

inclose in a box ?t^Ft5 :g?i1 \ A 

sentry box=F«tA or«1 C^t^1 ^ i To 

be in the wrong box— n3r, 
n? I To be in a box = to be in difficulty 


Box ( ^^5" ) n. a blow on the head tpM, 

I — V. t. ^ 35 ^ 15 ^ 1 , ^ 1 

—ing 3 ^ 35 ^ I 

Box ( ) n. a kind of hard tree vnf^q 

t\w I 

Boy ( 3>ni ) n. a male child WTai ; a boy- 
servant WT351 F1^ ; a familiat term of 
addressing equals * 

—hood 7{^f I — ish »rTt^ 

fjtfpsil I — ishness •R’tfwi 1 —Scout ^ iRl 
cFt^n cFt?n I 

Boycott ( ) V. t. exclude a man or 

thing from social or commercial inter- 
course TTatW3<*Rl ^tw ^ 

Boy-scout ( ) n. IWTi- 

vfkn, Ti, p ^zmv9 3>raTw? 

5f5T I 

Brabble ( caff^ ) v. i, to clamour f>aiRr 


[ 77 ] 


I — n. a trifling noisy quarrel 
Vt I 

Brace ( ‘csre" ) n. that which draws any- 
thing tightly ; a pairs 

a h'ace of birds ; ( pi. ) straps for 
holding trousers tight C^an 


; a mark connecting two lines 

or words ( { ) t — adj. invigorat- 
ing as a bracing climate »rf^- 

I —v. t. to fasten tightly 

!(?n I 

Bracelet ( ) n. an ornament worn 

on the wrist «rf=^ i 

Brachial ( ) adj. relating to the 

arm i —artery mU 

^^f \ I 

Brachycephalic ( ) adj. having 
a skull of which breadth is at least four- 
fifths of length fir 

tst^T^ 5tRr • 

Brachylogy ( C3lf^»lfw ) n. concise form of 
speech ; omission of word in a sentence 
which is essential to grammatical cons- 

♦rrf% I 

Bracket ( ) n. a support for some- 

thing attached to a wall 

C^^IS ; the mark 

—( ) { } [ ] writting I 

—V. t. C^3| ; — ed=equal 

^^5? I 

Bract ( C3P^ ) n. small leaf at the base of 
a flower f ara ♦ttf^a «rasi ^ai i 

Bradshaw ( car5;*j ) caaR nff ^1 ; ; 

( ^k«;a Fats srrra ^al {R*ra irtt^ 

’81^’rfa ) I 

BrakliA ( ) adj. salty ^^a1 i 

Brag { ) V. t. to boast veirrljatt atal ar, 

ana, arain ata, ^ar ata, aa aa aal 
¥ I — atia, I 

Braggadocio ( ca^at^’faa’ ) n. a boaster 
^&!ir^fa I 

Braggart ( ) n. an empty boaster 
at^5, c^t^raCi, i 

Brahmin ( iat^T ^t^*i i —adj. aT^^al i 

Braid ( ) v. t. to plait cw»!taa^ a1 

> —n. CF^taa^ I — ed adj. 

embroidered i — ed hair=ca^ i 

— ing n. c^lifa I 

Brail ( ) n. small ropes at corner of a 

sail used for hauling in a sail, before 
furling ^f»l^a 

if)t vft\^ fa ‘^^9\ c^9ii 1 —v. t. 

to haul in shorten, sail by use of brails 
nifa <^t9T ca 1 

Braille ( C3f f^l ) n. system of reading and 
writing for the blind, in which the 

letters are formed by raised points 

pricked on paper ^laia atca 

ast-nwa > 1 ^ ck^tal 

vi i 

Brain ( ‘c^ ) n. the seat of the intellect 
and of sensation ^VW, fa*® ; I 

—less I — y=clever CJTt^l i 

—fag ^aata i —fever caia'® 

catai va 1 —pan ijaa » —sickness 

aawa caata 1 To blow out one’s brains = 

^a® «5ft atfa ^tsr 1 

Braird ( ) n. newly sprouted blade 
of corn or grass VWl ^Ta a1 Cata- 

«ltaa I — 1 >. t. to sprout aw I 
Brake ( ‘caj^ ) a place overgrown with 

ferns ; a harrow ; a contri- 

vance for stopping the speed of a carri- 
age aifta wcaiai as ; atafa ; an instru- 
ment for dressing flax »f«| al 

®fW'6?[1 a!? ; a handle or lever for 
working a machine CWt^l WWa W'rfi 

FWlaa fafac^ ai fafarw wcatai 

at®fa-atfa 1 — sman caa asratn 

wta® at^a ' —van cawattffa caa afcatal 
ai a¥i cwtii \ —wheel caa acatai F¥a*t \ 

t 78 ] 


Bramble ( ) «. a wild prickly shrub 

I —berry « 

Bran ( ) n. the inner covering of grains 

shifted from the flour 
C®Tc^t^1, » — ny adj. i 

Branch ( arfa»~ ) n. a limb, a shoot of a tree 
•rt<rl, ^*1 ; a section i — v. i. 

or V. t. to divide into branches 

c^r»r i —office »rt«n i 

Root and branch ^thoroughly 

Brand ( C^'?s~ ) n. a piece of wood half 
burnt ^<1^1 ; a 

mark made with a hot iron C^1 
f»r5l ; a stigma ^9[W, C®^1, ?rt*f ; 

goods having a particular trade-mark 
«rl^i ^^1 

Monkey brand ei7=^t’tR ^It^l C'®®! ; a 

sword ; a general name for 

certain diseases of crops i 

— V. t. to mark by burning Jft'*! C’T ; 

to stigmatise C?, i — new — 

quite new ( also Brannew ) 

— ed adj. 

Brandish ( ) v. t. to wave a weapon 

^^1 1 

Brandy ( C3ffb ) n. a distilled spirit 3rtfb 
tpfi;^1 I 

Brash ( ) n. ; 

1 Water-brash ntifl 

Brass ( i®!?') n. a yellow metal composed of 
copper and zinc f^'®9T ; utensils etc. of brass 

fntjat? I —brand 

?T5J I —plate 

— visaged ^imprudent ^^^*1 i 

— y adj. shameless i 

Brattling ( cai^f^I-N ) «. quarrel i 

Bravado ( ) «• an arrogant threat 

Brave ( ) adj. courageous 

; handsome i 
—V. t. to face boldly, to defy ^ntf^ *1^, 
' — ly gallantly 
I — ery n. courage, hero- 
ism ■ showy dress ^TfW i 

Bravo ( carrel ) n. a daring villain 

I — interj. well done ! 

I C5®tt5 ! c^s: [ 

Brawl ( 5^ ) n. a quarrel, squabble ?»*f, 

I — V. i. to quarrel, noisily 

aitq i — ing adj. quarrelsome 


Brawn ( ai'q ) n. muscular part of the arm 
or the leg tsfa® 70 

; a boar’s flesh ; strength 

^9[ I — adj fleshy ; hard, 

unfeeling I 

Bray ( C3 ) v. i. to make a noise like an ass 
1 —V. t. to break in a 
mortar ^»*rl C«f^:t5»rt i — 

51t^, I — iog n. the noise of an 

ass I 

Braze ( ‘cata?;^ ) v. i. to solder or cover with 
brass ms) I — n adj. I — 

faced = imprudent fsfafTW » 

Brazier, Brasier ( ) n. one who 
works in brass ; 

a pan for holding lighted charcoal 

ntoi I 

Breach ( alw; ) n. an opening arltfcfsT, ; 
violation of a law ^1^5? ; a quarrel 

I — V. t. to make an oj^ening %^W, 
f^1 I — of contract » —of the 

peace «r®n6t^ i 
promise == a f®wt®9r, af^wl i 

tra8t-f®®l1>l®1®5Ji®1 1 

Bread ( ) n. food made by baking 

flour ; livelihood ^sfw, 

^ni? I —fruit a»it« 

vflfaa I -^winner 

1 —and butter ; 
iTffa^PI I -—and butter mis8=- school girl 


[ 79 ] 

\ —buttered on both sides = 
prosperity » To take bread and salt 
I To take the bread 
out of one’s mouth =to deprive a person 
of the means of livelihood 

Breadth ( ) «• width ^^»r, ; 

liberality, toleration >rf^ 

9(w\ tl«l I — ways ♦f«rrfiTr« i —Spend or 
Waste =talk vainly i — Takc= 

rest ; pause ^^1 ; VfB l?! i 
Break ( cai’’^ ) v. t. to part by force ; 
to tame C^t^1 ) ; to violate 

w Wlirt^l ; to interrupt 

; to make bankrupt c*f^- 

f»[Tn ; to degrade from office 
sTWtt ; disclose 
C? I — V. i. to become divided 
into parts ; to appear, as morning 

C^K\ C? ; to dissolve ^rl ; to 
collapse in foam, as weaves C<^C*{Cirtdh- 

I ( /»«• t- broke ; pa. p. 

broken ). — n. the act of breaking ; 

an opening 1^1, ^ ; an interrup- 
tion -JTttn, i —dawn 

^ I — age n. a breaking ; 

an allowance for things broken ^sfTfwsrf? 

^*r *R I — cr n. a wave broken 
on shore '«rrf^ c^t9l cvi\ I 

—down n. a collapse w'^ ♦tfir C?t^1 ^«Tl ; 
a failure in health WtTfT^f^ i — ^fast n. the 
first meal of the day 
^tf? cstsR I —V. i. c^w^T ^ I —fast 
set 1 

—neck adj. anything liable to break the 
neck nt?r-vn1, i — promise n. one 

incapable of keeping his promise 
C*rt^ I — ^water n. a barrier to interrupt 
the force of the waves *(1^^ ^ ct5l 

Ttfw fSrfircB f?«1 cwiM. i To 

break in a pony=c^1 » To break 
the tUence^^Cttlit ww \ To break a 

Jest=^nrrw | To break a 

Joumey=’^&^ »t i To break a lance 

with=^9l CWt«r, ^ I To break away= 
to go away without giving notice 
tn:5T '6JFitt tn, ♦fan i To break down = to 
destroy, to fail completely ^ «rt»f Vt*T 
?, f^i1 I To break forth=» 
f4tt f ^1 I To break from the 
syce=5f^^ ^1 ' To break 

ground or the land=^t’W at(? i To 
break in or into=to force into 

ar55»T To break loo8e=?n:?TO 

fsfw tn I To break 
news==cMt^^*\tI ^<»(1 OT1»1 ^ Tl CW i 

To break off=to separate by breaking 
c®t<ni ^ ; to put an end to 

C*T^ ^ I To break open=^fsF CiR i 
To break out=to open, as a boil ; to 
appear suddenly C*f^ C? T( 'e»n, 
Cholera broke out in the village 

»rrf^, ^ tartan ewtr^ cwai 
I To break the heart=(?Tta5^ Ufdk- 
a’frt aw artt I To break "be lce=to 
overcome difficulties in the beginning 
^fk c*rtw srarat 
c^rwl ^ta \ To 

break through =acaca ^5^ 'ewt^ al t To 
break up=to dissolve w cara Tbe 

school broke up at 2 P. M.=^a aitrafa ^ 
awt^ « To break wlnd=ar| ^ i 
To break with a friend =ai:atfaahf f, a|f- 
a ' To break one off a habit=^in 
cam arsita tin i 

Break or Brake ( ) n. a frame used for 
breaking in horses cttWl twcartal 
a^a I 

Breast ( ) n. the part of the body 
between the neck and the belly ; the 

mammary gland of a woman , ffW ; 

heart 1%a1 i — v. i. to meet iti front, to 
oppose boldly IR, f, atWl 

ca I —deep i’ — high w i 

t 80 ] 


—plate mw I — wall=- 

a retaining wall 

^ I — work = a low earthen work for 
defence C^ti, l»tn; i To make a clean 
breast of=^Z^m^t cartel 1 
Breast-stroke =^rr c^r^Tl i 

Breath ( car’ll ) n. air respired f^nrt^ ; 

life I — less adj. out of breath 

^■ir^ ; eager fsttTT^ i In a 

breath * To take away one’s 
breath i To take breath = 
ifir »T, fw?1 I To waste breath 

With bated breath m^Z^ 


Breathe ( ) v. i. to inhale and exhale 

air ^»I1^ »r ; to Jive «(t^ ; to take 

breath V[ \ —y. t. ^'\7[ at, Wf, to 

whisper ^ i — ing n. 

respiration \ To breathe 

again, to breathe freely ^ i To 

breathe one’s last— ^ i To breathe 
upon='5jf^'l^ \ 

Bred ( C3f ® ) pa- of Breed. 

Breech ( 3?t5S" ) n. the lower part of the 
body behind ; the 

hinder part of the gun i — n. 

( pi. ) trousers nTTTWt^n, C^3F1 i —Breech- 
loader 3jstcST5:-«lt»l1 ( opp. Muzzle- 

loader ). To wear the breeches 

ven^tj I 

Breed ( 3*1^ ) v. t. to generate «r^1, 'an«?1 ; 
to bring up fW C?, ; to 

occasion l — v. i. to produce 

offspring w^1 ; to conceive 

^ I — n. progeny, offspring C*fTTt«T^ ; race 
or king Wt^, i — ing n. act of bring- 
ing forth ; education fwi ; 

manners i Close breeding, breed- 

ing in-and-in— i 
Crdss-breeding=f%^ Wtf^^ 

\j\ I Cattle breeding farm=iWt^t 5 

^f¥ cmifl nR I To be breed 

In the bone=<=amFt^^ ? i Well-bred = 

I Of a good breed— t5t«i wm, 

^t»i I 

Breeze ( ^Wf~) n. a gentle wind 

; a quarrel ; a 

rumour af5?R, i 

Brethren ( t^rsr’sr ) n. pi of brother 


Breton ( ) n. sptssa 

ttrsj'sa c^f i 

Breve ( fai^ ) n. al ^aa atif1 i 

i?ill semibreve C^W ai«fal 

Macron a 'STfai atai1 I 

Brevet ( fire's^ ) n. document conferring a 
privilege I document 

conferring upon an officer in the army, 
an army rank one degree superior to that 
which he holds fa®tR faaat^ f^pra 

^«{tn o<( ♦ttita ^tca*j»tas i 

caca brevet major ata captain 

taqjfa'ttiR atf^a^ cawaa 
^faasia ata a^ai i 

Brevity ( ca’f^Rl ) w. shortness ^15, 

'8i»in as«Mtca «ast*i a^at^l i 

Brevity is the soul of wit C^1ai- 

c&T:a^ ffaa fsatf^ i 

Brew ( 3i } V. l. ' make beer from malt 

nvft^ aa ata, ^ai ; to plot ftpf^a 

^c*T ^t»is ata, asa ; to be 

gathering ^ai ai C^&aal I — er n. 

one who brews tsCt i — ery n. place where 
liquor is brewed «tll>-'atai, ^aa ^fl? l 

Bribe ( iSt^a; ) n. anything given to win 
favour illegally i — v. t. to influence 

by a bribe cW ca, ^[al I — er n. fa 
faca ai fa*^; ^ta » — cry— n. act of 
giving or taking bribes 

catal a^a i 

Brlc-ft-bmc ( f^f-<i|-C«a* ) «. articles of 

curiosity <pfaas^al cacaal aB- 

at^jTfH I 

Brick ( ) n. an oblong piece of burned 


[ 81 1 


clay I —bat i —dust tUtof^ I 

— ^6eld I — kiln « —tea 

»r®1 Ftii I —layer ?twf^ i 
Bricole ( ) n. an old military engine 
for hurling stones at the walls of a 
fortress ’nw 

; in 

tennis a stroke off the side wall 

c<r9T^ w\r^^ ir5?i i 

Bridal ( ) adj. relating to marriage 
f^?1 : fkvtl^ f?5l I — «. a marriage 

feast C®tW, '31ti:-’srwwn i 
Bride ( ) n. a girl newly married 

Wl, sr:rf?ltart I —chamber C»rr?rl 

I — groom n. a man about to be 
married i — s-man, — s-maid 

f^vi I 

Bride's party i 

Bridewell ( ) n. a house of 

correction \ 

Bridge ( f^air^ ) n. a structure built across 

a river ; a raised platform 

on a ship used by the captain on duly 
5irr^-5t^ itt ; v<i^3{^sr c<r»l1 » 
— V. t. to make a bridge over (Tf, 

CTf; I Bridge of the nose= 

Bridle ( 3rr^®7[ ) n. an apparatus to restrain 
a horse c^t?1 ; any 

restrain fiR \ — v. t, to put on 

a bridle ; to check Jfsn, 

^ \ — V, i. to hold up the head proudly 

CW ^1% IJ? CWT»T I —hand 

^ wfttffar 1 — path--=a path 

for horseman C^^ i 

—rein OTt^T-^iRI w4*t i To bridle up= 

%n cn%in ^ w\K \ 

Brief (tliF:) adj. short, concise 

I — n. a short account of a lawsuit 
Tl ; a writ 

^>esn 1 — ly adv. 

>1 i In hrief^feWvnr® I To 

be brief •nz^ i To hold a 

brief ^ i To take a 
brief— c^rt ^^511 »T » 

Briefless barrister =^r^»T c^rhr^t^l i 

Brier ( artr^'sf ) n. a prickly shimb 
f|\5l-Ciftuitn5t sff I 

Brig ( ) n. *rt9lt5?1 Wt^W \ 

Brigade ( ) n. a body of troops 

consisting of two or more regiments 

» Brigadier- 

general =tfl3p l^w- 

OTT*tl% I 

Brigand ( ) «. a robber, a free hooter 

Bright ( ) adj. shining ; 

full of light ; cheerful 

; clear ; of quick in- 
tellect ; promising 

*y^1 I — ly adv. I —ness n. 

W91^ 1 

Brighten ( ) v. i. or v. t. to make 
bright %^9\ 

Bright's disease- \ 

Brilliance ( ) n., Brilliancy ( —nifti* ) 

n. sparkling lustre 

af»rsi»lf^ I — ant adj. shining, splendid 

I — n. a 

diamond finely cut i 

Brim ( f^5[ ) n. the margin, rim, edg^ 

I —V. i. to be full to the brim 
'oni^ ^ \ — V. t. to fill to the brim 

I —less= without a 
brim i 

Brimstone ( ) n. sulphur {Jig. ) 

Brinded ( 4t?rflX ) niarkcd with spots 
Tt-ST fw ^5(1 I 

Brine ( artts^ ) n. salt-water C^1*I1 *11^ ; the 
sea 3Ttsf? I — y adj. pertaining to the sea 
; saltish ^^91 f — ish i 

—pit c»n«i *n:sntBi •rt»i ^tai t 


[ 82 ] 


Bring ( ) v. t. to fetch ; to convey or 
carry to ; to occasion, cause 

I — about =to effect C^tn i 

— back I Bring down— to 

humble »R1, ^ C^'O ^ i —forth 
=to produce i — home 

W’lri » — in— to introduce 
; to collect Wtai^ 

l^*n, I — off I — out ( as a 

book or subscription ) ; to ex- 
press ^ I — on=to cause to begin 

^3t1 I — over=xo bear 
across ♦ft^ ^ ; to draw to one’s party 
^ I —it into line with 
ui^Trtt»T i — around to 

restore to health 

; to make one change his side or opi- 
nion I — under =to subdue 

^ ?R, ?1I5T I — up=to rear or to edu- 
cate C^tW, fn«n C? I —up the 

rear— to come last i 

—to book TriTf ^ I —to light 4f^t»T 
URtWT^ I —to pass I —a suit 

^ 1 It will bring on disease^:^ 
c^^irf? ipt, I cn»it^T I —to terms 
f^, f^Hl, Wnl§ \ Bring it up to me= 
cirt? i9\ -ertl! « —word i 

( past. t. brought ; pa. p. brought). 

Brink ( ; ) n. the edge or border of a steep 
place ; {fig-) at the very verge 

of time i 

To be on the brink of death =iTC^t^c^1 

I? I 

Briquette ( ) n. small brick-shaped 

mass t&r? IT?? y\W ; coal-dust 

mixed with saw-dust used as fuel «f^? 

>rei^ ?r?1 

Brisk ( ) adj. lively, active, full of life 

’^RtW, vawl? 

C?tnrmi, ; effervescing esp? 

(C'JIt:? w) I — ly 

CWtIf, I — ^ness «. activencss «!?- 


Brisket ( fam’| ) n. part of the breast next to 
the ribs of an animal ^1? ^ i 

Bristle ( ) n. short, stiff hair, as of 

swine ^?f?? c?t?? ?C? C?t»r I —V. t. to 
cover with bristles C?tt'?r? \ 

— V. t. to stand e -cct as bristles fw’tBTf> 
f?tr ?s?, I — ed adj covered'with 

bristles i?W1 C?tiri|V i — ly adj. rough ^?Wl I 
To set up one’s bristles— to show anger 
C?t? ^^1 r 

Britain ( ) n. England, Wales and 

Scotland ( called Great Britain ) ttWtt, 

I — tannic adj. i British 

( fa^*T" ) adj. pertaining to Great Britain 
or its people ?1 

I — sher tt^1W i Briton - a native of 
Britain t 

Brittle ( ) adj. easily broken 

tg-JTl, I —ness n. 

«•! I 

Broach ( a’lr ) n. a pointed instrument used 
in boring f?lRl, ; a churchspirc f^dh- 
??? 'ew?? CWttI 1 — t. to open up, 
begin 4r?jrj»T at? ; to pierce i — er 

n. a spit wail ; To broach to=Wt?t«r ?t5li[? 

m f?a1 I 

Broad ( adj. wide ??iT ; open ; 
outspoken C?tw1, i —arrow 

?tW t?al ^t?^’^?1 f^? I — cast ad/, or 
adv, sown abroad by hand atl^? fwfs 
f??1, ?1 fw^1 I 

—V. t. or V. i. issue news by wireless 
WfW ?T'®r? mu ?t? I —cloth ?1*f5 
?ttrwt? » —side wiftw? c?ttr?i ?1? i 

—sheet C^m rtwl ??1 <«??, ?afl 

\ —gauge ( cww; ) c?wwt'?l c?w 

ww? Sltw? w? «lf? 

C?f? cm^ ) * Broads ». t?? c«'1^(t?, 
c®1?1 1 —sword ??•! ?rhn? t8r?t?1W I 


[ 83 ] 

V. t. or V. i. to make broad ; to extend in 
breadth ? I 

Broadcasting i 

Brocade ( ) n. a silk stuff on which 

figures arc wrought with gold or silver 
threads ^ C^t»n 

I — ed 


Brocoli ( i 

Brochure ( 3ft5^5i; ) n. a pamphlet ^ 

al I 

Brogue ( 3i^ ) «. a strong coarse shoe 
CWt®1 ; a peculiar dialect 

Broil ( ) n. a tumult, a noisy quarrel 

Broke ( ) />a. t. of Break; — en pa. p. of 

Break; — adj rent asunder ; infirm 
^r«(5r-^f5R, ; routed ♦Rtfir® i — down 

I Broken-hearted = crushed by 

gi'ief I —meat c^t«R 

I — money = small change 
^^1 n^lBl, I —tea FfC^ltC^ ftl 


Broker ( ar^t^ ) n. an agent who buys and 
sells foi others iptC^f^, Wt91t«T I — age n. a 
commission charged for transacting 
business for others 

I Exchange-broker =f%JT 

Bromide-print ( ) n. ^ 

3ir>mrf^^ c^t»n 


Bronze ( ) n. an alloy of copper and tin 

’, the colour 

of bronze I — adj. made of bronze 

^ts{^, I — 1 >. t, to give 

the appearance of bronze to 
^ ; to harden 3R i —age 
¥Tl ^ir I 

®WK)cli ;( ) V ornament^ pin consisting of 

a rhig or disc for fastening any part of 


a dress >ltw 

Brood ( ap^ ) v. t. to hatch by sitting up 
^5}1, l?rf% I —V. i. to 

meditate «rt^, ; ( on or 

over) to hover over Cnt^tfx 

U «lt<F I —n. offspring C^^tf%, ; the 

number of birds hatched at a time 

; a race or parentage Wt¥, 
¥•■1 I — mare = a mare kept for breeding 
^’*f1 ^ I 

Brook ( 3P^ ) n. a small stream Wt»t, ^ i 

Brook ( ap^ ) v. t. to enjoy C^fST ; to 
endure, to submit to >T^ ^-1, >11^ l 

Broom { aFSI ) n. a bundle of twigs or materials 
used fer sweeping ; a shrub 

I — V. t. to sweep i 
—staff or —stick ^1% i 

Broth ( } n. a decoction of meat and 
vegetable in water C^t»l l 

Brothel ( 3rc«f'?^ ) n. a house of ill-fame 
C3?>»t»R, I 

Brother ( ) n. a male born of the same 


; an associate ; a fellow 

member of a religious order or guild ^1%- 
( pi. Brothers, Brethren ). —ger- 
man • 

Half brother urCtfrf® i Brother-in-law 
cfsfzifk, ^ ^n-Ttifr, cw]h% 

I — hood n. an association of men 
for certain purpose Tsrf^«r, 

>T^ I — ly adj. like a brother 
; affectionate 

, _iy^ — fecUng i Elder 

brother i Younger brother 

\ Brother like^^S5t^a\l ; \ 

Brougham ( ) n. a kind of closed 
carriage drawn by one horse 

i?^1 'Ttft I 

Brought ( ¥’$) p. t. and p. p. of Bring. 


t 84 ] 


Brow ( art'« ) n. the eyebrow gr, 

C^ar ; forehead ; the 

edge of a hill I —less f5r»ltw i 

— ^beat ( arf'ef^^ ) v. t. to bear down with 
stern looks, to bully *R, m 

C?n I To knit the brow=^¥ C^tTl, 


Brown ( ) adj, dark reddish t5[srl, 

— n. dark reddish* colour ^sri 
W, 3rf«rr^ I — Ish 1 --hread 


’•rt'B I — study =absem.-nindedness 

I — coal=f^?p^tt^ Kt^ I 

Browse ( ) v. t or v. i. to feed on the 
shoots of plants VI T! 

Vtt vr^ f -~fi. fodder ^tV, 


Bruise ( apir ) v. t. to crush by beating ^fuf 

Tl trfsvrt VTV, CtfTSWl, ^4 I 

a wound made by anything blunt 
^ «rf^ C^UI ^1, ^ i — er n. a 
boxer CVWI tlt»T i 

Bruit ( 3R^ ) n. report, noise, rumour 

^1 I — V. t. to noise abroad 

C^ 1 iri-OT 1 ?rv, c*f, i 

( with, about ; abroad). 

Brume ( ) n. fog i Brumal adj, 

relating to winter Wt4^t1%, i -—ous 

adj. foggy ur^Tl I 

Brunette ( 3^^’^ ) a. a woman of dark 
complexion VI fa|tT4^^ ; 

^'W1 I 

Brunt ( 3it^ ) n. shock, the force of a blow 
cIfI, CVl^, ejen I To bear the brunt of= 
tffvrsr ct5i •rrv vi » 

Brush ( Vhf ) n. a hairy instrument for 
removing dust evrth, ; 

a hair pencil used by painters 
ceitr^ ; a skirmish VtVlV ^ Vl V»Tf ; 
the tail of a fox fvVfPTa CVW i — v. t. to 
sweep with a brush VtV, ^ tl5l, ; 

‘ te touch gently while passing Vl 

I To bmsh off~to remove tlF1 1 To 

brush up=to brighten V?r, f%V- 

fcr??lvl V3| I — ^wood=a thicket UW Wl 

^li»n cvini-^rt1%, cwtc*itn ^tfv i — y a#. 

rough vvl-'^vl, W^VI, cWtniW^ I 
Brusque ( 3Pi;^ ) adj. rude in manner «l?n57, 
V*iM I 

Brute ( ap^ ) n. a beast, one of the lower 
animals Vts ; a savage, a brutal person 
^>1^1 trt55U, i — adj. rude, irrational, 

savage I — tal 

adj. like a brute VtlVTI? ; cruel, unfeeling 
I —lise V. t. to 
make like a brute *ftl? I — v. i. 

I — lity n. savageness fSrJrvrl, 

’j'st? i Brutish =brutal ert»[fav i 

The brute creation =vti Wtf^ i 
Bryology ( ) n. the study of mosses 

f^vi4 f^vi i 

Bobble ( Vt^ ) n. a small bladder of water 
raised by air 

fVbi ; an empty project, a cheating scheme 
Vtt, I — V. i. to rise in 

bubbles ^ Ct5t»T I — v. t. to 

cheat ^5to5i1 vv, 4v I To bobble over=«fq^ 
VI 1 

Bubo ( fvtsi' ) n. an inflamatory swelling in the 
groin or armpit Vl ClftVl 

Vt^fVBUII, C^1 I 

Buccaneer, Buccanier ( ) n. a pirati- 
cal adventurer WtPtTWTV 

vT^^ I — ing 

VVl VT^Vt^ \ 

Bucephalus ( ^[tTCVmv: ) «• 

CW«t4? ctfvr^ VfV ; C5tvl?l d^tVl I 
Budk ( Vtf ) n. the male bf the deer, goat, 
hare etc. Vl|1 VI 

Vjrl ; a dashing young fellow Vtfllt*! 
C 5 Vli~r. j. and v. t. to jump vertically 
with back arched and feet dravpii^ t^ 

gcthcr ftfve efe WtVVtqi 


[ 85 3 


^ it»r t *--ihot nwi 

B»fr I — tooth ^w»n I 

Buck P. t to soak, steep clothes in lye VTCtft^ 
5^^ I — n. 

^tc^U mn Ryi I 

Bucket ( ) n. a vessel to carry or draw 

water in i — ^ful ^^1 i 

Buckle ( ) n. a metal instrument for 
fastening straps & bands ^fl5, i — 

V. i. or p. i. to fasten with a buckle 
^Vfi ; to engage with zeal ^t^rTc^lT^ C^tC^Tl 
^tsjiF <Rr I To buckle on one’s 

annoar=^'^9F ^ i 

Buckram ( ) n. a coarse cloth used in 

linings or for book-binding C^t&1 

5StC*1t^ I 

Bucolic ( ) adj. pastoral, rustic 

^«»nn I —n. ; 15^ fl^- 

5It5^ I 

Bud ( ?lt^ ) n. the first shoot of a plant 
I — V i to begin to grow ^1W, 

C*R ; 'es»1 1 —V. t. to graft 

Iff, fsf I To nip in the bud=c«lt^i:^ 3^t»r 
vnc'® ^5f I 

Buddhism ( ) n. the religion founded by 

Buddha CA\m ft i 

Budge ( ^tsiF7 ) V. i. or v, t. to move or stir 
cttlss citctt^i 1 — CBVl 

C’ltJT I 

Budget ( ) n. a bag or sack with its 

contents C^I'W, CWtC^lW, 

N>f'l , the annual financial statement of 
miscellaneous matters iri:¥- 


Bnff ( ifliP; ) n. a soft leather made out of 
light ox or cow hides c^fsT^l 8t*r^1 ; 
the light yellow colour of buff 

; a military coat fb*ttCtCK 

(rrr»n» — « (pi) c»tP!l 

tIN;: cniitw wtv I 

Buffalo ( ) n. a kind of wild or house- 

hold ox n'f I 

Buffer ( ) n. a contrivance to deaden 

the force of concussion C^sfsft^ 


Buffer-state =9^ atui? »rrw^ 


Buffet ( ) «. a slap Ff^, «itnf, Ufsl i 

— D. t. to strike with the hand, to contend 
against «ifnFI-«rfn 

cw*tl5l ^fi> I —ing «if*i^rr«rfn, cw*tlli- 


Buffoon ( ) n. a clown, a fool 

ISK, I — ery n. vulgar jesting 

c^tf 15, I 

Bug ( ) n. an object of tei ror C^tlT^^I 

f —bear m, m » 

Bug ( ) n. a generic term for various 

insects i Rice-bug— i 

Boggy ( ) »*• ^ two wheeled carriage 

drawn by a horse ( fiftg 

) I 

Bogle ( ) n. a hunting horn, a mili- 

tary instrument of music like the trum- 
pet f%sri, f5fr^r»f, ^rurtn c^i 

C^1 W cmi ; a slender kind of bead 
made of glass uiffif fsffl i 

— u. i. to play upon the bugle C?, 

f^rr^Ptrr W1 r — er n. i 

Build ( fwj V. t. to construct, to ei*ect as a 
house or bridge JftiF, ?rl^i, I— 

V. i. to depend upon I — n. form 

; construction K^, sftW ; make 
fry I To build up u reputation =^t>r ^tir 
9? I A man of strong build—^?!^ 

fPI oititiT r — er n. one who 
builds »rew't®1, fo'itil i — -ing 

( Wst ) n. a house^ anything created 
yw, Vrtj, ^ pa.A built, 

( ) o. a roimd root, any protube- 
rance urr^, ; anything round like an 


[ 86 ] 


onion ^ ; an 

electric light container 

C^il1 I — V. i. to swell, to form 

bulbs iR, ^ i — ous 

adj. having round roots ^1^1 

Bulge ( ) n. the swelling in the 

middle as of a cask '5t^, C^t 

c>rt cir¥«i i —v. i. 

to swell out «f»f, I 

Bulk ( ) n. size W\^U ; the greater 
part ; the whole cargo 

in the hold of a ship C^tOtt 

irt»l I — y adj heavy and unwieldy 

C»ir«fnl ; of 

great size i — iness n. largeness of 

size i To sell in bulk=«lt^^r5 

Tl I To load in bulk=^^ 

I Factory bulked = 

Bulk buying j 

m \ 

Bull ( ^*1 ) n. the male of the ox kind ^'®?1 
^^ZWt^ tRSn ^ ^1’?, ; a sign of 

the zodiac ; an edict of the Pope 

^C*r»Tn3f ; person trying 
to raise prices of stocks and shares 
( opp. to Bear ) 

I — V. t. to try to raise the price 
of shares C^t:^1 'BIW ^gr^I C^fF 

crf>1 I —baiting fw 

«fN C^t*n C^l^ltf^ I —calf 
cntFlfil I —dog 0 Qf^«f I Bull- 
frog 1 —fight 51^? 

^*wi —headed = obstinate 
CTtSTt^l I — s’-eye 

WI, ; 

John Bull— I A bull in a 
china-shop =a man completely out-of- 
place I To take the bull 

by the horns— to face a danger with courage 

sreti I 

Bullet ( ) «• a small ball of lead 
discharged from a gun 'OsTt i 

Bulletin ( ) n. an official report ^tW- 

c^5rr*i!if I 

Bullion ' ( ) n. uncoined gold and silver 


Bullock ( ) n. an ox, castrated bull 

iPU, i 

Bully ( ) n. a quarrelsome fellow 

^tfwirrr^rt? ; a hired 
ruffian i — v. t. to threaten in a noisy 
manner iR??t i —v. i. to bluster 


Bulrush ( ) n. a kind of marshy 

plant <1^1 i 

Bulwark w. a fortification 

C^ti, f^Pl ; means of defence W, 

1 — V. t. to defend l 

Bum ( ) V, i. to make a humming noise 

—bailiff ^sr^r 

i — boat n. 

f^Fl ^t'Q I 

Bumble-bee ( ) n. a large kind of bee 


Bumble-footed ( adj. club footed 

C^T^U ) « 

Bump ( ^t"^" ) V, i. to make a loud noise 
I — V. t. str’ke against ^*^f1 ’•(I i 
— n. a thump, a heavy blow ct’M, 

; wTnFtI c^1^i1 ( c4^1 ) I 

Bumper ( ) «. a glass filled to the 

brim ; any- 
thing in a large measure C^tFll 

I — CWI, I 

A bumper crop^B?*^ ^♦ifF c^tTl 


Bumpkin ( ) ^* awkward rustic 

Bumptious ( ) a4i. s^f-important, 
impudently self-assertive • 


[ 87 ] 


Bun ( ) «. a small sweet cake 

f^1 I 

Bunch ( ) n. a cluster, something tied 

together or growing together 
CW*t&1, c«rt^, I — V. t. to make a bunch 
of I — ed adj. i 

— y adj. C«rt»rt^^1, I 

Bund ( ) n. i 

Bundle ( ) n. a number of things 
bound together 

I — V- i- to be together 
I — V. i. to pack up, to set off 


I To bundle off or to bundle 

out -c?r^rn^f^^ C*f I 

Bung ( ) n. a stopper for a barrel 

^1 I — r. /. to 

stop with a bung ilt^, I 

Bungalow ( ) n. a four-roofed house 

Bungle ( ) n. anything done clumsily 

'5f*f»rtt=?P ^1 1 —V. t. to do 

clumsily i — ing 

adj. awkward W«r^1, i 

Bunk ( ^ir ) n. a box or recess in a cabin 
c?*i-WTffw^ ’5f»i c«rrr- c^wtf^ ; a 
sleeping berth C3|Ul-WtftW^ » 

— -v. i. to sleep together 1 

— er n. a large receptacle for coal etc. 

^t9\^ «rtf«r c«rr?n i 

Buiikum ( ) n. empty oratory 

Bunt ( ) n. A disease of grains 


Bunt ( ?t^) V. i. to butt ^ c4»n 

i — n. a push ctFl, ci»l1 i 
Bunting ( ^tl^* ) «. a thin cloth of which 
flags are made i«8r Tl 
sptent^t I 

Buoy ( ) n. a piece of wood or cask floated 

on the water to mark a shoal 

^«rl, I —v. t to 

keep afloat 'OWl^ 3lt«r ; to sustain 
I — age n. a series of buoys 
. fBrgf?|i^?p I — ancy n. capacity for 
floating 'enf^ »f% ; specific 

lightness ?T^ '^•1 «r^1 ; vivacity of spirit, 
cheerfulness i — ant adj 

light ; cheerful ; 'onfV I 

Bur, Burr ( ) n. a prickly seed of 
certain plants which sticks to clothes 

; a knot on a tree, or at the lower 
end of a deer’s horn I 

— tbistle ( fV5T*[ ) n. the spear-thistle 

Burbot ( ) n. a kind of fish f 

Burden ( ) a load c^tWl, ; anything 

which is difficult to bear ^«I1 ; 

I — V. t. to load ^ ; 

to oppress c?P*T C? i — some adj. heavy 

; oppressive i Burden 

of proof a^rtn^r \ 

Burden ( n. chorus, refrain ^^1, 


Bureau ( ) n. writing table faitTfa^ 

c*IW ; a department of an office 
I pi. Bureaux ( CTtm ) or 
Bureaus ( ) < Translation Bureau = 


Bureaucracy ( ) n. a system of 
Government having departmental heads 

af^ a«rr^T 

a«rt^ I — crat n. 

»rt>TJT a®Tt^"^ I 

— cratic adj. I 

Burgee ( ^tfuF ) n. a kind of flag v£i^^ 2 jss[ 

*ff«n I —n. 

Burgb or Borough ( ) a corporation 

town competent to send representatives 
to Parliament af«- 

cat?1 \ — er an 

inhabitant of a borough ^ 


t 8» ] 

Bnrgo-master ( -Cm 


Burglar ( ) n. one who steals by 
breaking into a house by night 
C5t^, Cist^r I — y n, breaking into 

house by night f^?1 ; 

c?rr«^«n I 

Burgundy ( ) n. vnf^n iT? i 

Burial ( ) «. interment iRl 

C»Tt®1 I — ground or place >R1 

Cnt®1 it^ I 

Burke ( ) P- to murder by stifling 
if9ii-t5fn ^ 

Burl ( ) n. a small knot in a thiead 
C^Trnt^l \ — 'ly adj. knotty; ; 

large and strong ; boisterous 


Burleaque ( ^1x^9 ) n. a ludicrous representa> 
tion ^a, 5t, Itf^-C^W C^?r5tf% I 

^4j, jocular f??1, I 

Bum ( ) P‘ 1- to destroy by fire, to injure 

by fire C*tT^, ^»I1 i —v. i, to set 

on fire V*l1 ; to be inflamed with 

passion f — n. a mark caused by 

fire fCI ^ *ffr, « ~-«r n. part 
of a lamp from which the flame arises 
f 5 Uftirtgl *fTl[5p , — iag con- 

flagration cnt^*l, *rr?, cnt^1 ; inflama- 
tion I —tag adj- very hot 

tsn^, ; vehement gtstl 

I Bumtag glass ®tn «R1 

»sf^<r *rrc»it*i i —point '6»it’tn?i 
I — question i — sensation 

I —ground ’««»t5T, nftr- 
•npT I Bumt-offertag c^U, trw^ ^ i A 
burnt child dreads the fire=q[C^ c»ft^1 URtk 
m ; c>T^ •tUejC^ c4c^ I To bum 
Itl ^ I — ta==to cat into as fire 
•ItC? IRI 5^ ; to imprint on the 

mind ift^ C?, C^felt'6 

^ «tn sfi —out mK^i 

^1 I — up=to be burned 
completely ^1% 5tt»r f —a hole 
In one’s pocket s:<r i 

—one’s fingers =c*it^^ e5«fT^ 

•n I — the dead=to cremate tff? CW, 

C^TR • Bum the water =cwt^ trtf i 
Burnish ( ) v. t. to polish, to brighten 

Pf53?i?n triw — «. a 
gloss, polish n\f^s, srtuf2», f%trw 1 — er 
n. an instrument for polishing f^TfST ^Tl 

Burnt ( ) p. pa. Bum. 

Burrow ( ) n. a hole dug by certain 
animals for lodging C^tC^Tl 

ViPs W^^ I — p. i. to make 
holes in the ground sitfU® ^ STf^, ^1® 
«rff^ at®® ; to investigate 

hidden matter ftatl? sf i 
Bursar ( ) n. the treasurer of a college 
^%-c*rrgl IT® I 
Burst ( ) v. t. to break open suddenly 

IjJtt i — P. t. to break into pieces 
IFt® at ; to break forth ijStt C^rai 
®«rl figfaa a, «»TT^ na i —n. sudden 
outbreak CafTi i —in 

acuta catai i —out oen i 

— into tangiiter— ®«ataf » — into tear8= 

caac® I —out crying =ci^tca^t® 

®tfarat»! *R I 

Bury ( cafa ) v. t. to inter in the ground, to 
cover cat®. al® fa ; to hide 
a, aaan^t tll?1 i —the hatchet == to cease 
strife 'fm afaata ^sa i Burrytag-place or 
ground=aai c*<t®l asaa-atat i 
Bus or Boss ( at®^ ) n. contraction of 
omnibus aq® at^a ^ta ^aa-aa»i 


Bush ( ) ». a shrub q[*(fa iff, CWtCatal 

qjnfir, cwTcatTi aai —shy o^/j. full of 
bushes curtcatai ; thick wawfw, aa j 
Bushman at^«^ i To beat about 
the buih^arfw it^® ftPiyifa faitt 

Bush Telegraph 

[ 89 ] 


\ Good wine needs no bush=^ 

Bush Telegraph ; 

C^l-^t9I I 

Bushel ( ) n. a dry measure of 8 gallons 

( at^r yjiiio ) i 

Business ( ) «. employment ; 

trade, occupation ; a 

matter ^1^«T1 ; one’s affairs 'JT^t'st, 

I — like adj. methodical 

I To mean business— to 

be in earnest 

^1^ ^ I To mind one’s own business— 
«(t^, ^111^ 

I To send about one’s business — 

CW I Business Tycoons^ 

rulers of business C^U^A ^W1 ^1 

Busk ( t- or V. i. to dress one’s self 

> — n. a corset 


Buskin ( ) n. a tragic drama ^ 

; a half boot I 

Buss ( ) n. a rude kiss t — v. t. 

|^S[1 I — V. a kind of fishing vessel 
'Sftjym'i I 

Bust ( ) n. a statue representing the 

head and breast of a person 
^t<(f^5fr^1 ^1% ; upper half of the 

body I 

Bustard ( ) n. a kind of large bird like 

the cranes 


Bustle ( ?t55f ) V. i. to busy one’s self noisily 

^ I — n. 

hurry, tumult 

^1, I 

Busy ( t%fw ) adj. employed with cai'n- 

estness, active, diligent 

I — y. /. to make busy 
^1^ ?, I Busily 

adj. diligently t It is a 

time=::'ii %111 \ Busy- 
body ^^1 ^^^1 1 Busy about 

nothing i 
But ( ) conj. yet, still 

* — ^dv. only 1 — prep, except, 

without, besides 

3itrw I I cannot but admire him=T?|; 

1 But ; 

wtem^ I 

Butcher ( ) n. one who slaughters 

animals for food and sells it «I5F5 C^C^t'5'i, 

; one w^ho takes delight 
in slaughter ♦fiTl I 

— V. t. to slaughter animals for food 

I — y n. a slaughter-house 
’q:? ; massacre ^t5)1 i 

Butler ( ) n. a servant who takes care 

of liquor, plate etc. «rt5Pt?n, «rt»T, ^tf? 

Butt ( ) V. i. or V. t. to push with the 
head ^ ; IfHH'm i 

Butt ( ^1^ ) n. a large cask >iw C^tTl 
fn*l1 1 

Butt ( ) n. a mound raised behind targets 

HTn ; one that is ridiculed 
nm, jv\ I 

Butt-end ( ) the thick and heavy end 

of anything C^tC^I 

»r^ tst^r, ■ trunk of tree 

just above ground i 

Butter ( ) n. an oily substance obtained 

by churning milk ^ftxJST, 

>ltT I — V. t. to apply butter 
y\^^\ — milk=the milk that 

remains after separating butter 
CS^v\^ ^r«l1 ^1^ I —knife 

c^t&i I —fly 

( ) n. class of beautiful winged 

insect 1 



[ 90 ] 


Buttery ( ) n. a storeroom for liquor 
etc. sf? ^<f1 C^til t 
Buttock n. upper part of the thigh 

behind the rump 15^1, i 
Button ( ) w. a knob of metal or bone 
used to fasten the dress ; a 

knob at the head of anything 
'O^^l I —V. t. to fasten with 

buttons 'i —hole n. a hole 

in a coat for button Tl 

fifU I I don’t care a button=:^r^ 

CS^ Wtl, I A boy 

• in biittons=a servant iii livery 
1 ^1 I 

Buttress ( ?ftl5’5 ) «. a projecting support to 
a wall *fr4t f^TI1 ci^1 ; 

any prop ci^, OS'^I « 

Buxom ( ) adj. gay, jolly, lively 

Buy ( Uti') V. t. to purchase ft ; 

to bribe OiSt Of ; to exchange for some- 
thing orftn, 1 — er n. fkz^^^ \ —in 
no«u ftft 9 [\ 

Buy off or out=«R ft n^1 i 

—over I — up=to pur- 
chase wholesale ftR i 

Buzz ( ) I', i. to make a humming noise 

like the bees C'Stif ) 

— y. t. to whisper 

I — n. a humming sound C^tsf- 

C^ft ; whisper C^tTlC^lVTl ?R, 


Buzzard ( ^turt'6 ) n. 3. bird of the falcon family 
OTJf Ht?, ; a blockhead 

irt*t, \ 

By ( ) prep* near to, at the side of 

through the agency of ?[1?1, 

I — adv. in the direction of, near 
ftic:?, 'e 5 ^t 5 , I He passed by me= 

C^U I Send it by a servant 

=il^1 ft ^ziU] I The plaintiff 

appeared by a pleader— 

^W\t I The house is destroyed 

by fire=- W&1 ' He went by boat 

AlZ^Z^ I It is only sold by 

maunds=-^^t^ C3jt«i C^Z^ i 

— corner n. an out-of-the-way place = 

I —election i —end 

n. private aim I —gone 

adj, past ^1^^ i — lane =a side 

lane I —product 

I — stander-a looker on ^Pn^js, 

I —name n, nickname 
I — time leisure time 
I —way n. i —word n. 

a common saying, a proverb 
CF^ I By-law, Bye-law, ( ) n. an 
additional law ftft, C'afim ft?1 i 

By-and-by= presently, soon C’lt^f- 

^Z'H I —that way c^^Pu^t i —his 
own account-'®!^ • Day by 

day=«ftftl^t, ftJT^ftlJT I Year by 

year=^ft^^fti —this time=iif^ n^ts, 
^Z^ 715}?t5, I —himself ft ftew 

ftc^ir, I By tum=-^4i&1 

♦ItF^ ^i>t$ I —accident 
^^511 ^Z^ 1 By the by or by the by, by the 
way=in passing ; incidentally 

—rote I 

Byzantine ( . adj. 

C, the third letter of the English alphabet 

'ioo m 
“^i” I 

Cab ( ) n. a carriage of various sizes 
drawn by one horse i|&1 
ftf^l ^'\f\ 1 —boy or man r, ^lft^ 

I —stand n. \ 

—hire 'JTlft ®t®1, 1 

Cabal ( ) n. a secret party 

; a secret plot i[5«n i 

— c. ?. to plot Wi, tpf% I 

Cabbage n. a kind of kitchen 

vegetal )le l 

Cabin ( ) ri. a small room in a ship 

C^iil ; a hut i —boy 

I — passenger vsJ? 

utJt I 

Cabinet ( ) n. a private apartment 

c«^til ; a case of drawers ; 

a private loora used by a king 
for consultation i The 

Cabinet=^ ^tw- 

I — maker = a maker of fine 

furniture hlU T^fl ; 

I — photograph ^ X 8 

3t1 I 

Cable ( ) n. a strong rope or chain 

used in ships 

; a nautical measure 'boo 
^ ; a rope for submarine tele- 


; a cable message ^^1 ci>r*15rt^ 

?lt^r^ I — r;. t. to send message I 

— gram n. a message sent by cable 
^1 I 

Caboose ( ) n. room on ship’s deck in 

which cooking is carried out 

Cacao ( ) n. a kind of tree from the 

seeds of which chocolate is made 

iTf I 

Cache ( C^*r ) n. a hole in the ground for 
hiding treasures C^TlTl i 

—v. L to hide «f i 

Cachination ( ) n. loud laughter 

lift, I 

Cacholong { ) n. opaque variety of 

opal I 

Cackle { ) n. the noise of a hen or 

goose I —V. i. 

to make a noise like a goose 

I —ling n. I 

n. a talkative person i 

Cacogastric ( ) adj. dyspq>tic 

Cacophony ( ) n. a hanh sound 

c^c5*?1 I —nous adj. cWH, C^- 

Cactus ( ) n. a tropical plant with 

prickly leaves ^1; iTt^Pt-C^, 

51t^-5P*n ; I 

Cad ( ) n. a mean fellow Itf 

; a bus-cottdyctor ^ 

Cadastral ( ) adj. pertaijuiig to 

survey on the scale of 16 inches to the 
mile ft W, ft^^l^ I 

Cadaverous ( ) adj. pale like a dead 

body, having sickly appearance C’Tt^- 

Caddie ( c^ft ) n. a boy who attends a golf- 
player and carries his clubs tlK 
»I^iT •IF'ST I 



L ’0 

Caddy ( ) n. small box for tea Ft? 


Cade ( ) n. cask f^<Tl i — adj. or n. a 

pet lamb or colt f^ZBt C^5t»!l 

Cadence ( ) n. the fall or modulation 

of the voice »f9 J Cadenza 

«. a flourish I 

Cadet ( ) n. the youngest son f^C5^ 

>r¥C^l c^tciTi vDwst, 

; a volunteer in the army 
serving for becoming an officer 

Cadge ( C^'S^;) v. i, to beg I 

Cadre ( ) n. a framework ; the 
permanent constitution of a service 

either civil or military 

I Cadre of the Judicial 
service=f?^t^ i 

Caducous ( ) adj. falling early 

as leaves of flowers ’T^l, 

I Caducity n. ^^1 ; perish- 
ableness I 

Cssar ( ftwl^ ) w. an absolute monarch 
>13rt&, ~ean adj. ^1 

fFwt^ I C&sarean operation= 
cn& I 

Cnsura or Cesura ( ) n. cutting off of 
a syllable in a verse I 

Cafe ( ) n. a coffee-house, a restaurant 

Cafeteria ( ) n. a cafe with a 

counter for self-service f^rw 


^ I 

Cage ( C^'9~ ) n. a place of confinement 
; a box or frame for confining 
birds and animals ^Iwl, « — v, t. to 

confine in a cage ^ i — ed adj. 

confined ^^1 l 

Cairn ( ‘c^lll4 ) n, an ammunition wagon 

f^TI1 ; a case for keeping 

out water while building a bridge 

cs^ ^«r1 I 

Caisson ( ) n. movable covered chest 

on wheels, an ammunition wagon 

; a large water-tight chamber 

sunk below the surface of a river from 
which the water is excluded by pump- 
ing air into it and in which men work 
under water 

fH*!! ; large iron receptacle 

sunk into the bed of a river and filled 
with cement in which the piers of a 
bridge are embedded 

f??1 *1taj » 

Caitiff ( ) n. a mean fellow sTt? i 

— adj. mean, base ®l*t^ i 

Cajole ( C^W’ 81 ) V. t. to coax, to deceive by 
flattery i — ment 

n. flattery fsif1 i -— er n. one 

who flatters i 

Cake ( ) n. a small loaf of bread ; 

any flattened and solidified mass 9i«rl, 
^<1^1 1 Oil cake— i Cakes and ale 
— I You cannot 
both have your cake and eat it^^fsT 

c^tFt^l I Cakewalk=^t5m ; 


Calabash ( ) n. a kind of American 

tree bearing large fruits FC? 

«tl? ^ 'Ofl> > 

Calamity ( n. a great misfortune, 


I — tons = disastrous 
• — tousness n. distress, misery 

Calcaneum ( ^ 

^65^^ I 


[ 93 ] 


Calcareous ( ) adj. like lime 

'S«i «r^l \ 

Calcine ( ) v. t. or v. i. to reduce to 

powder by means of heat 

Calcium ( ) n. the metallic subs- 
tance contained in chalk <^1^1 Tl 

Calculate ( ) v. t. to count, to 

compute ^«i, ^«r5t1 C»l<f 

; to ascertain ; ( with /or in 

the passive voice ) to adapt l{ ; to 

think I — lation n. the art of cal- 
culating -5T*rsi1, c»l’*r, 15^1 I — lating 

adj. selfish, scheming i 

— lator^one who calculates 

Calculus ( ) n. the stone like 

formation in certain parts of the body 
; a brhnch of mathematics 
I ( pi Calculi ). 

Caldron see Cauldron. 

Caledonian ( ) n. a Scotchman 

Calefaction ( C^f^rtinpjR ) n. act of heating 
sn ^ ^^sTJT, | Calefy 
V. t. or V. i. to grow warm tsliT c*f, 
tsn^ ^ I 

Calefactor ( ) n. a small stove ^ 

>r^ I 

Calendar ( c^2'®I''ST^ ) n. an almanac 

; a list of docu- 
ments 1 

~v. t. to register ^lf9isir| 

I —clock 3?t;f I 

—month I 

Calender ( ) n. machine or hot 

press for smoothing and dressing cloth 
sfsicnt^ ^Tf? f^w'sf ?r^5( I /. to 
smooth with a calender Ijft i 

CnleQds ( ) n, the first day of each 

month iTt^ 


Calf ( ) n. the young of a cow ele- 
phant and some other animals 31’^? 
cntat^, ; a calf skin leather 

; a stupid person 

I ~pL Calves ( ) i Half calf== 

I —love 
a«rfl I Golden calf— 

I Mottled-calf ='«Tr^®l 
5t3l^1 I 

Calf ( ) n. the thick fleshy hinder p2irt 

of leg I 

Calibre, Caliber ( ) the size of the 

bore of firearms ^’*1^ C«fH 

sjs^sjnf n«Vlf^ nf^3rt«I ; intellec- 
tual capacity ; weight 

of character. 

Calico ( ) «• plain white cloth ^1 

I — printing=the art of prin- 
ting cotton clothes 

Calif, Caliph ( C^tW" ) n. a chief priest 
among the Mohammedans 3l^*5r*R ^^1- 


^ I 

Caligraphy see Calligraphy. 

Calk ( ) n. ( see also Caulk ) a sharp 

point on a horse-shoe 

Calk, Caique ( ^’^ ) v. t. to chalk a draw- 
ing ; to copy by tracing 

*rr^ fw *rt^ ^ i 

CaU ( ) y. t. to name 3it^ ; to summon 

^ ; to proclaim C^t^*r1 ^ ; to 

designate C^ai, 

He is called to be an 

apostle=c^'d^ i He is 

called to the bar=c^'d^ ^ 

; c^'d » 

— V. t. ( oa/, to, after, at, down, up ) to 

cry aloud 'HVS ; 


E 94 ] 


( upov, for, at ) to make a short visit 
(Tf^rl C*r«(1 He called on 

or upon me — c^'4 

csrr^ I Please call at my 

house on your way=^irt^r« ^^33^ ^1% C’lt? 

I To call bad names to 
some one=^tr^1 ( c^t?1 ^«rr^ 

^ ) » — n. summons ; 

demand ; ; invitation ; a short 

visit c®rTl y^W\^ ; cry of bird 3r1^ ; 

admission to a rank (as a barrister ) 
^51% I — er c?^1 \ 

— ing n. occupation, trade or profession 
?ri-t?r-5Tst^, I Payable at call^c’^ft^l- 

5}t3!T^ I —bird = a decoy bird 


I —boy 

I — money 1%^- 

K'^ t —note tsr^ Tl 5^tr5 C^t?[tf^ 

I —of nature i To call back 
— ^rtf^ ^tsr, i 

— attention to=to point out C^, 

^rr^tr^rt^ i — away = to divert the 

mind fstTI i — for=^to 

demand, to ask loudly C^t^, ?ra( , ttforl 
This matter calls for investigation 
^«(1 fk^U 1 He has called for 

an explanation =c«'5 i 

— forth=to summon to action »f‘si'| 

^ ; *rt^) I — in=to collect 

Cirfilt^ ^5T, 5Tt5f5 ; to bring in 

; to invite friends i 

— inquestion=to express doubt, to challenge 
^51 f^?1 ffll|t«l 

1^5i3r I — off ^il1% 'tri, \ — on 

or upon = to invoke, to appeal to 
^ I — out = to bawl, to challenge to fight 
f^f«ll1, ; to 

summon to service ?rt^ l 

—over list of names— iii>1 

^ 1 — up c^rtt^ I —to account 

? » —to mind c’Tsil » 

5|1^ I 

Calling ^5|1 ^1^1 I 

Caller n. one who pays a call or visit C^'»f1 
C^lt^ I 

Callet ( ) n. a scold, a w oman of bad 


Callid ( ) adj. slircwd ^4, i 

Calligraphy ( ) n. fine writing 

C®!^1 I 

Callisthenics ( ) exercises for 

promoting beauty and strength 

Callosity ( ) n. a hard sw^elling on 

the skin 

Callous ( ) adj. hardened 

; unfeeling 
i — Callous n. ; ^lt- 

f5i1?1 I —ness. 

Callow ( ) adj. not covered with feathers, 

unfledged 'Siwtyil ; 

low-lying ^ ; 

— unbearded 

callow youth. — n. an alluvial piece of land 
^1 ' 

Callus ( ^’9115; )n. < 

Calm ( JFU ) adj. still, serene, quiet 

*11«, ' —a. absence of 

wind ; repose ; tran- 
quility »ltf%, ^f^ar, I —V. t. to quiet, 

to make calm ■T1’9 ; 

— ness n. tranquility 

f^®1, ^r*i|a^ I — ly adv. quietly 

Calomel ( ) n. chloride of mercury 

Caloric ( ) n. the principle or chief 

element of heat ' 

— rific adj. causing heat \ ■^lori* 


[ 95 ] 


meter n. an instrument for measuring heat 
nj 1 

Calumny ( ) «• malicious accusation, 

slander i — niate v. t. 

or V, i. to slander ^«rtsr C? i 

— ^nious adj. i 

Galvanism ( ) n. the doctrine of 

the Genevan reformer Calvin 

Calve ( ) V. t. to bring forth a calf 


Calvities ( ) n. baldness 

Calx ( ) n. chalk or lime ^1 ^«l l 

Metallic calx^^t^*! i { pL Calaxes or 
Calces ). 

Calyx, Calix ( C^f^^ET ) n. the covering of a 
flower ^91^ 

I ( pi Calyces,— -xes ). 

Cambist ( ) n. one skilled in the 

science of exchange 

; one who deals in bill 
of exchange l 

Cambrel ( ) «. a bent wood or iron 

for hanging up carcasses ?s^tni 

; the joint on the hinder 
leg of a horse I 

Cambric ( ) n. a kind of fine white linen 

Camel ( ) n. a domestic animal of 

Arabia with humps on its back 
Cif»T^ vuf^n «(^1 c<twtt \ —leer n. a 
camel driver or rider 
C5t?t^ ; — ry n. ( c^t^l CJPTt?®! i ) 

— backed adj. hump-backed i 

Cameleon see Chameleon. 

Camelopard ( ) n. the giraffe 

Cameo ( ) n. ^ i 

Camera ( ) a photographic instrument 

^1 c^t9I1 I — obscura ^'t^U 

^1^1 C^T911 ^ar I 

Camera ( ) n. an arched room, a pri- 
vate chamber I In 

camera i 
CamouOage ( ) n. a device to deceive 

^tf^, I — V. t. or V. i. to deceive ; to 
disguise ; ^31 C*f ! 

Camouflet i 

Camp ( ) n. the place where an army 

pitch their tents CTTiTl C^ISTI ht, 

; temporary quarters for travellers 
; a niilitary station ; a 

fortified site i — v. i. to encamp 
“^1^ I — bed, — stool, — chair, — table 

F^, C’Tif I —follower ^1^1^ 

91 C^1^1 I —equipage 


9lt^f^^t9T ^tf^9l1-n11% I A division in the 

Campaign ( ) «• an open field or plain 

7\^\^ ^*r?9T ; the time an 

army keeps the field ; 

an excursion into the country 

'5rh^*l I — er n. an old experienced 
soldier fFntCt ' 

Campanile ( ) n. a bell tower 


Camphor ( ) n. a solid white substance 

obtained from the camphor laurel I 

— rate v. t. to impregnate with camphor 
^ I — ic adj I 

Can ( ) V. i. ( pa. t. could ) to be able nt^, 

«[t^ I 

Can ( ) n. a vessel for holding liquids 

^ ^ iTtSf, C9|t^ ^1 

f^nl, P>5t ( C^i:5T C^^tfFsr fijS? ) ; a 
chimney pot C«(ltl C^1?1 ^f?R TTf^^ i 
— V. t. to put in cans for preservation 
1^51^ ^tfF I 

Canaille ( ) n. the mob i 

Canal ( ) w. an artificial watercourse 


C 96 ] 


wt=?, «rrf^ cTt^i ; a 

pipe or duct i —boat ^1 

FC-wfT?n =Tt« Tl Wt^tW I 

Canard ( ) «. a false story f^TSl 

>Itfw I 

Canary ( ) n. a kind of wine from the 

Canary Islands ; a bird of the 

Canary Islands f*tn? 

I —bird ; 

^«I1 I 

Can-can ( ) w. an immodest dance 

of French origin '?5(3?r<r?ft 

Cancel ( ) v. t. to obliterate 

c»i«n ), c»it^tf? cw ; 

to annul ; to strike out 

common factors ( '$1^5 ) >rsrt^ ^^51 
«tl5 ; to suppress in printing 

c*i ( ) I — lation 

n. ^^* 1 , ; {pa. p. Cancelled, 

pr. p. Cancelling). 

Cancellated ( ) adj. marked 

by lattice work » 

Cancer ( ) n. a malignant ulcer »s*y- 

C^fr ; a sign in the zodiac Ttf^ t 
— ate V. i. to become cancerous 
f I — ous adj. like a cancer 
«R1 1 Cancriform ( ) or Cancroid 
( ) adj. Crab-like fta i 

Candelabram ( ) a candlestick in 

several branches 

Candent ( C^C'Q’^ ) adj. glowing with heat 

Candid, ( ) adj. frank, ingenuous 
I — ly adv. 

I — nessn. I — Camera 

^rr^i ^c5T c»it?n i 

Candidate ( ) n. one who offers 

himself for an office 

I — tore, — ship n. ^ 


Candle ( ) n. a solid preparation of 

tallow or wax with a wick for lighting 
; a light I —light 

ent^^, 5tf« -yr^fsT I —power 

— ^stick=^an instrument for holding a 
candle i —waster 

f^»f1 iiffn nc?t®1 I To burn the candle at 
both ends= ^t»r i Not 

fit to hold a candle - not fit to be compared 
with I The game 

is not worth the candle— the thing is not 
worth the trouble 

fsial » To hold a candle to the devil = 

snf^ ^ 1 

Candour ( ) n. sincerity, openness 

«*I I 

Candy ( c^fn ) n. sugar-candy, crystalised 
sugar ‘ 

to become congealed 5 • 

— V. t. to preserve in sugar 
% \ —led adj. C»l'© T^V \ 

Cane ( ‘C^^) a. the pliable stem of a creeping 
plant ; a stick of canc 

BTf’Kl^ ; sugar-cane i — v. t, 

to beat with a cane C^t^1 1 

— ^brake— a thicket of canes i 

— chair i — mill = a sugarcane 

mill "Tt^ \ — trash n. the refuse 

of pressed sugarcane 
Cany adj. 

Canescent ( hoary ^5rt5tr5T#tll1, 


Canicide ( ) reckless killing of dogs 

Canine ( ) adj. pertaining to the dog 

Wt^ i' —teeth ^ 

^ ^t® I 

Canister ( ^ n. a small tin box for 

holding tea, shot etc. <1 

« — shot. Case-shot— (4i^3t3p?I 



C 97 ] 


Canker ( ) n. a disease in trees or in 

horses ’iTft t\frs CK^ 

c?t?i ; 

anything that corrodes f5[^?rn?1 
irtTl ?? I — V. t. to eat into or destroy 

9fT^ C5J, I —V. i. to 

become corrupt nS, C^tl1 9, t — worm 
rt. ir¥r9rt?f1 C’tt^ I — OU8 adj. 

Cannibal ( ) n. a man-eater f% 

^ C»rt^ < —Ism fi. 

the practice of eating human flesh ^11^5 

Cannon ( C^in=i ) n. a great gun ; ^r^- 

C'®t^ I Cannon-ball >J41 i 

— ade n. the act of attacking with can- 

I — V. t. to attack with cannon 
i)tf^ *R»^Tr «!s^, I 

— ry ( ) n. artillery C>f^1, 

C5rf5T**rtw ; cannonading C^t*f I 

Cannot ( ) v. i. to be unable 

y, ? \ 

Canny ( ) adj. shrewd, cautious 

; gentle "it^, ^ ; comfor- 
table ; sly I 

Canoe ( c^JT’ ) n. a boat made by hollowing 
the trunk of a tree I 

Canon ( ) n. a rule in ecclesiastical 
matter ^ f^iTt^T- 

Prwit^, -Ttifr? ; rules f^fk ; 

; a list of saints 
, _ist i — ise v. t. 

to enrol in the list of saints 
CW^'® I —law »n3r ; —leal »rtj- 

I Ecclesiastical canonicals 
—the recognised dress of the clergy 

Canopy ( ) «. a covering over a throne 

or bed 5®t®^ l — v. t. to cover with a 
canopy i Canopy of heaven = 

the sky i 

CanopoB ( ) n. a bright star in 

the southern constellation 
^ oqt? ®TI I 


Canorous ( ) adj. melodious ^HTf^ i 

Cant ( ) V. to speak in a hypocritical 

style -s;^ ^?r, <(45^ 

®t<i ^ I — n. affected speech 

<if> C^rln ; a jargon *rer^ 

^trw \ 

Cant ( ) a. an inclination from the 

level Ctjwr^ul ^ '8?T'6F^?l1 ®raTl ; a jerk 

t — V. t. to tilt or toss suddenly 
Ftsi^ ^1, Cl I 

Cantab ( ) a^. pertaining to Cam- 
bridge C^f^W I abbr. Can- 


Cantankerous ( c^^9rt^9tr ) adj. ill tempered. 

quarrelsome I 

Canteen ( ) n. a tin vessel for liquors 

f^nl ; a refreshment house in 
a garrison CFt^Pt^t l 

Canter ( ) n. an easy gallop 

ectsr I — V. i. or v. t. to move at a moderate 

gallop I 

Cantbus ( ) n. the corner of the eye 

where the eyelids meet l 

( pi. Canthi ). 

Canticle ( ) n. one of the prayer-book 

hymns C^t« i 

Cantle ( ) n. a fragment or edge of any- 

thing C'O, C®t<r^, frtP®, ; the hind part 
of a saddle CfF^t^ar 'O^ 

I — V. t. to cut a piece from uir®TC? 
I — ^Ings n. i 

Canto ( ) n a division of a poem *Rt- 

«rr«m, I ( pi. Cantos ). 

Canton ( ) n. a division of a territory 

c^tc^n (Tfc^r cjuiar i 

— V. t. to divide into districts 

cc«r ^ ; to allot 

quarters to troops fstfrrc® 

^ I — ^meot n. a military 


I 98 ] 


station or district ^Tt, 


Cantrip ( ) n. trickery l 

Cantus ( C^^'51 ) n. a melody ^ i 

Canvas ( ) «. a coarse cloth for sails, 

tents etc. ^f^*| Olt&l ; the 

sails in general Tl 

I — -v. t. to cover with canvas 

irf^ I — work=an embroidery 
^9T C^t»l1 I Under canvas = 
under sail living in tent C^t«1, 

«f^1 I 

Canvass ( ) v. t. or v. i. to examine 

; to discuss ; (for) 

to solicit votes C^t& ?1 

-51^ irr«f^1 I — n. solicitation ; 

close examination I — er 

Caoutchouc ( ) n. India-rubber or 

gum clastic CI7T<T1-^?R i 

Cap ( ) n. unbrimmed covering for 

head ; a cover ; the top 

C^tCiTI I — V. t. to put on a cap 5*fl 

; to excel 

I — V. i. to take off the hat in 
salutation ^^8 ^•STfST I Cap and 
bells==5«^ *\U I Cap in hand=wfi? 

» A capful of wind=?^t55f i 
A feather in one’s cap^^c^tc^il >P5rT^rJf 
Wf5T ^rFf?1 I To throw ur one’s 

cap='wt=^’5f^ To 

set one’s cap at=f^C5it^t^ 

I The cap fits=-'S^r^'6?n 
'«rrR?ri[ I 

Capable ( ) n. having power or ability 

; competent 

C^Kr, m?r^ I —ability, —ness «. 

; 5fT«fF, »if%» I 

Capacity ( ) n. the power of receiving 

or holding <rt?*l-»r(%, ; power of mind 

?rJT^Wsryl ; extent of space 

fw*T *ff3rn Ti f^?rm 's^t^ ntf^— c^»t, 
The hall was filled to the utmost capacity 

; state or 

position enabling one to do something 
on behalf of others '*^^^'1 ' In 

the capacity of= «tc^, i 

Legal capacity 

c»rf^ VTiii5\ ( ) I — tate 

( ) V. L to make capable 

nsr cat^ ; to qualify a?a I 

— cious ( Ca5r*15i5;; ) adj. roomy, extensive 

Cap-a-pie ( catrn-f^^ adj. from head to loot 
^raanal i 

Caparison ( catc’lfawa ) n. a rich ornamental 
covering of a horse C^tala *R1 a^- 

^»nai casnasal al ; (fig. ) equipment 

’TtW^lta I — V. i. to dress pompously 

f’lari, fa^fa^ a^a, >iwi i 

— ed adj. 

Cape ( ‘can; } «. a head land 

W^^n ; a sleeveless cloak vflaaa^l 91 ti 
^raatl C9tnl I The Cape ==- The Cape of Good 
Hope, Cape Colony in Africa. 

Caper ( ‘canta; ) v. i. to skip like a goat c®6 
Of, C^'e f? sjl^f I — n. a leap Ct5'6 i 

Capercailzie ( ca5ntac«t?||> ) n. largest 

species of grouse, the wood grouse or 
cock of the woods ajt^T^^tas ^«»a faaa 


Capillary ( C^fncnfa ) adj. as fine as a hair 
na*, ^’*5 l — n. a small tube 
having a bore as fine as hair 
faflil ; { pi- ) fine blood vessels in 

animals na? fnafas^taj i —attrac- 

tion --fnacataa ^5fl?l a^ c»it91 ii«i I 

Capital ( c^fnci>8^ ) adj. relating to the head 
^a ; punishable by death fnaCB^tf 

catni ; chief, principal aata, aitsn ; 

excellent l — n. the upper 

part of a column or pillar ^na ; 

t $9 ] 


the chief city of a country 
; the principal sum 
; a large letter i — ist 

n. one who has capital 

i — ise V. i. to convert into capital 
or money ^ i Capital 

sentence i To make capital 
out of =^f5»in »l I 

Capital goods ♦rtf^ » 

( c^l ^ ) I 

Capitalize ^fe«n C*11TI i 

Capitation ( ) n. a poll tax 

nHs sfc^rtn S5T, •ni-*»5T, ; a 

numbering of every head i 

—grant ?if sit^ af^ •ml 

ei fill i 

Capitol ( C^f^S’si ) n. the temple of Jupiter 
in Rome ; 

wrnrlR^'pi wts i 

Capitulate ( ) v. i. to surrender on 

certain conditions *^3iR 

\VS^ ; stipulate I 

— lation n. 

Capon ( ) «. a castrated domestic 

fowl ^^^1 ; a cowardly, poor- 

spirited fellow I 

Caprice ( ) n. a sudden change of 
opinion or humour, a freak C^‘*[C^ 

^^4, c^rai ’0‘i, w^f^, 

I — cious ( — ’ll 5 ; ) adj, whimsical, 
changeable *1^ C^n, 

; '*pr«! I — ly a^v. 

Capricorn ( ) n. a sign of the Zodiac 

sr^ ^tr*r I ( L. caper— 2 i goat, Comtt=a 
horn ) . 

Capsicum ( ) n. the chillies 1 

Capsize ( C^a751^sf ) v. t. to overturn 

C*(sn, sil^rt \ — V. i. to be upset ^1 

%\ I 

Capstan ( ) n. an upright machine 

to raise the anchor on board ship 
• c^\m ^ I 

Capsule ( ) n. the seed vessel of a 

plaht ; a small dish 

<n^*Psrt5T <(t®1 I — lar, adj. hollow like a 
capsule gill i 

Captain ( ) n. a chief officer atJt^T 

; a commander in the army or 
navy ; the 

leader of a team 1 — cy 

n. the rank of a captain 1 

Caption ( C^*r,>S5[ ) n. an arrest 

; an arresting headline 
I —tious ( — ) 
adj. fault, finding, critical, peevish 
I —ness n. 

Captivate ( ) v. t. to fascinate, to 


s^5T1 I — ing adj! charming 


Captive ( ) n. prisoner of war 

I — adj. ; charmed by any- 
thing I — vity n. subjeciion, bon- 
dage ^?S^1 I Captor n. one 

who takes a prisoner I — ^ture 

( ) «. the act of taking, seizure, 
an arrest 

I — V. t. to take or seize by force 

V\, ^5^ I 

Car '( 5^51^" ) n. a vehicle, a railway or tram- 
way carriage ‘titit, I —man n. 

Carafe ( ) n. a glass water bottle 


Carapace ( ) n. the shell of tiic 

crab or tortoise 1 

Carat ( ) n. a weight of 4 grains 

I — gold-=-^-i c>i1«i «(^1 I (^I6y| 
^8 ) I 

Caravan ( ) a company of traveuers 

a large closed carriage 

I — eer n. the leader of a caravan 
I — sary, —serai n. a 

Caraway t 

kind of inn where travellers stop at 

night I 

Caraway ( ) w. aromatic plant 

fsr^l I 

Carbine ( ) n. a short light gun 

55*^15 I — eer^^rfe ?5^t» 

Carbolic ( <l5t^fsl-^ ) n. Carbolic acid ^t^T- 
CBt^l C&«1 I 

Carbon ( ) n. an elementary substance, 

as pure charcoal 

I — na-ceous, — i ic adj. — niferous — 
producing carbon I Carbonic 

acid s5rr^« 

c5«1 I Carbonate 
C^!S1 ^ I 

Carbon paper 

C?t«1 ^ I 

Carbuncle ( ^t^t^'cT ) n. a red gem 

; a malignant infla- 

matory ulcer f5l5C^tC5t4\ Cttfll i 

— ed adj. set with carbuncle gem 

; afflicted with carbuncle l 

— cular= inflamed <^1^5 i 

Carcanet ( ) n. a collar of jewels 

Carcasr Carcase ( ) a dead body 

»r, ; a frame work of anything 9f^^ 


Card ( ) n. a piece of finely cut paper 

with certain figures, or with a person’s 
address upon it 

; playing card C^9\-\ 

heart, diamond, 

spade, club, ace, 

Knave or Jack, King, c'si^i Queen, 

C^l$1 Pip, a pack, shuffle i — 

V. i. to follow suit 

; visiting card 

I — board — a fine paste board 
t 5 t^ \ To play at 

cards c^^ , A sure card==7«t7l«^ 

] Care 

To have the cards in one’s hand= 

I House of cards=^1^CR^ 
W1 ^18 • On the cards 

I To play one’s cards well=^f^<rl 
I To show one’s cards=f«t55p- 
^Js«n i5rtrii?t»T I To throw up the 
cards 511^ i To count on one’s cards= 
>?tp9it9T^ w'f-n 7fi-4 I Trump card=T^*»? t3^5 ; 

Card ( ) n. an instrument for combing 

wool « — V. t. to comb- 

wool, flax jute etc. ®*r, 

^1 ctt5 I 

Cardamom ( ) n. a kind of aromatic 

and pungent spice Jattfs I 

Cardiac ( ) adj. pertaining to the 

heart ; cordial i —n. 

a disease of the heart C^>lt^, 

C^5IT^ ; a cordial i 

Cardinal ( ) adj. principal, chief, 
fundamental l — n. a dignitary 

of the Roman Catholic Church 

u't^ I — numbers=the 

numbers J,2,3 etc. ^ i 

— points = the four chief points of the com- 
pass c^c5t— ^18^, I 

— virtues— the natural virtues, namely 
justice, prudence, temperance and forti- 
tude m, 
mtJT I 

Care ( ) n. anxiety ci>‘t5, 1%^, 

; caution 5!^#i81 ; 

charge fw’JTI i — v. i. to be anxious 

5 ; to be disposed or in- 
clined ; to have regard for 

I — ful adj. watchful >I't8«('|;r, 

>it5^ I —fulness n. i — ^fully 

adv. 5it9»jtC»[, I —less adj, heedless 

^urcsrfc^i-tfl, ^5Ti8<fT;T, CW81, 

« — lessness n. «l>ft8- 
I — ly ado. 

I —worn 

adj. crushed with care 1 


t 101 3 

In the care fif"srt^ i To take 

care=to be careful 

1 To take care of = look after 
CW, \ He does not care 

CB'd cll‘t5 I He does not care for 

me=r>T R«tC5T, ffltip 

5T^C^ I 1 do not care 
to go there='sr5 C^tr^ftCWl, 

Careen ( ) v. t. to incline a ship on 

one side to repair it 

?n 1 —age n. irtlTlW 

^tM«r 31^1 I 

Career ( ) «. a course, a race »!?*(«{, 

it 5 ; manner of life I — v. i. 

to run rapidly 9\f^ ?I1, C^T^I I His 

past career =«t? «JW ^HV ' In the 
whole career of my service ==^i5 


Caress (‘t?PC^’6” ) t'. /. to fondle, to embrace 
«rrr»i3fiT (.-^zs^ztij ^r^UTf^i «i^, 
«rw C9?5?c*f5i I 

Caret ( c^Z*-^ ) n. a mark ( A ) noting 
omission in writing »lf^ 5fc«i 


Cargo ( ) n. the load of a ship 

c^tat^, aJtt iiT*T I 

Caricature ( ) n. a ludicrous re- 
presentation of anything f^3i, 

I — V. t. to 

represent ludicrously fk^t'35 

1^05 I — rist n. one who 
caricatures fsi l 

Caries ( C^fkw~ ) n. an ulcer of a bone 
I — rious. adj. decayed ♦IFI I 

Cark ( 3P1# ) V. i. to harass 

I — V. t. to be anxious i — ing 

adj. perplexing, distressing 

Carl ( ^ti^^ ) n. a churl W i 

Carminative ( ) adj. a medicine to 


relieve flatulence and bowel’s complaint 

Carnage ( ^Pt’t^w;) n. slaughter i 

Carnal { ) adj. fleshy 

; sensual i — list n. one 

given to lust i — lity n. state 

of being carnal 1 

Carnival ( ) n. a festival observed 

by the Roman Catholics twelve days be- 
fore Lent C«1W i 

Carnivora ( ) n. ( pi. ) the class of 
flesh-eating animals I 

— vorous adj. flesh-eating 

Carol ( ) a song of joy 

I — V. i. to warble ^Tl, C'f i 

— V. t. to praise in song 

Carotid ( ) adj. relating to the 

principal arteries of the neck ^1$ 

Carouse ( J-'OW; ) n. drinking bout 

I —V. i. to drink 

freely and noisily 

♦nf^ ^1? '»n I —sal n. a drunk- 

en revel or feast 
C®t«r I 

Carp ( ) V. i. {at) to catch at small 

faults ^*'3 tft? c«ltP^, ^*3 I — er 

n. I — ing adj. fault finding 

Carp ( ) «. a fresh water fish 


Carpel ( ) n. a part of a compound 
pistil c#t? i 

Carpenter ( ) n. a worker in timber 

for building purposes Tft? i 

— try n. the work of a carpenter ^ltn 
^T*I, I 

Carpet ( ) n. a coarsely woven 

covering for floor ^ trf»T5l • — v, t. 

to cover with a carpet t On 



[ 102 ] 

the carpet— under discussion 

C5t^1 srrt I —friend 

I —knight 

cm^ c»Jt^ ; C»JT^ I — ing n. 

carpets in general, materials for the 
carpet TffeT^I, ?f»lFl C?t?1 ^ I 
Carpus ( ) n. the wrist 

I Carpal adj, i 

Carrat ( ) n. a measure weight for 

precious stones ( 3J grains ) 

( at? ) ; a measure of the 

purity of gold ftlW Cvin^ 

C^t?l=^8 ) I 

Carriage ( ) n. act of carrying ^*11- 

; the cost of carrying ; 

a vehicle ^ 

tltst ; behaviour, 

deportment ^tR*i i — horse 

I —stand <11^ ^t®51 i A carriage 

and pair— C^T^tl «Ril i A carriage 
and four==5tf? i Carriage 

free=fa(5n i 

Carrion ( ) n. putrid flesh or body 

C’f^ll *r, C^»11 **1^1 ?19r^ I —adj. feeding on 
putrid flesh Cir^H »l I 

Carrot ( ) n. an edible vegetable 

root of reddish or yellowish colour 
I — y adj. carrot-coloured 

<«f^1 f 

Carry ( ) v. t. to convey, to 


cat, 511, ; to effect ^^1, 3^t«»5T ; 

to obtain by force 

; to behave '5rtF^«l ; to get some- 
thing passed ^^1 l — v. i. to reach 

certain range C^tt^n ^ ♦fl ( 

) I — ier n. one who cairies 
for hire ®t=?f l — all n. a light 

four wheeled carriage 5=^1? C^t^1 

I —ing {par. n. ) C^al ^¥l I 
—all before one ='51^1:911 
^ I — away ; to excite the 

feelings ^^1, c^z^ The lecturer 

carried away the audience with hini= 
WTt »TC1T (:«rr'5tf^»lt^Wl ; 

c®d^ ^«(1 y{^zw\ ^1 c«t»i 

ir’»l I — off=to kill to gain fw^ I 

— on=to promote 5®n, i — one’s 

point=ii^ ^<n I — out=to 

accomplish i — over 

I —the day— 
1^, fwv I —through =“5^^ t«l 1 1 

— ^too far— to exceed reasonable limits 
^511 I — up='6*15^t»l I 

— weight=to have force f, 

If ; I 

Cart ( ) n. a vehicle for carrying loads 

c^v«f^t 5Pf?'G«i vit^ I —V. t. to 
carry in a cart C^IWH i — age 

n. the cost of carting i — horse 

5=^1 C^^l I — load— as much as a 
cart can carry ; Jl^^l i —way 

CTOl ^1? I To put the cart before the 

horse it’P i 
Carte ( ) n. a bill of fare C’^Tt^l^^ I 

—blanche ( ) n. a blank paper 
given to some one after being signed to 
be filled up by the receiver as he pleases 

^W1 ^1^w, 5PlP|®f I To have 

carte-blanche=^to have authority to do 
something for others ^51 

C*11«1 I -de-visit ( ^1^- 
) n. a small photographic por- 
trait on a visiting card >l«0 

«n#i ; ^z^ wf»i(:^ 5: 1 

Carthamine ( ) n. a dye obtained 
chemically from safflower 

Cartilage ( ) ri. a firm, elastic 

substance found in vertebrate animals 
<|5jr| %}VS fRfwl CWlH- 

T5|9ff 1 — ginous adj. gristly 

<f^1 I 


[ 103 1 


Cartography ( ) n. map-making ?rt^- 

I Cartographer 

I — ic adj. 'Jit5?fcraj 

Cartomancy ( ) n. divination by 

playing-cards CiPt3l 

fjJJin I 

Carton ( ) n. box made of card-board 

; a white disc within the 
bull’s eye of a target Ft^atfi ^1 v[nf] > 
c«fin i 

Cartoon ( ) «. a design on strong 

paper for fresco or tapestry 

m\9[ fbn 

c^t^1 ; any large sketch 

or design on paper for comic paper 

C^tC^I I — V. t. to make 

a cartoon fsai^ ’dtf? ; to caricature 
by a cartoon f5'3l i — Hist n. 

c^tc^t^i ; 1^31 

C»lt^ I 

Cartouche ( ) ) «. a case for musket 

balls cartridges ^tcl? tfe C^Tl^ri i 

Cartridge ( ) n. a case containing 

the charge for a musket l 

Blank cartridges i Ball 

cartridges «fl3t ^Uhw \ 


^fsTW t 

Carve ( ^14") v. t. to cut wood, stone etc. 
into devices Tl ^ti> ; 

to cut up meat into slices ; to 

distribute '©tTl l — ver n. a sculptor 

; a carving knife il'fc? I 

— ing n. the act of cutting up meat 

; the art of carving wood 
or ivory I 

To cut and carve— to refine ^ i To 
carve out - W i To carve 

one’s way=Tl^ wf, (niM 

^ I 

Cascade ( ) n. a waterfall 

'6«f 4 t??*r 1 ’»rtr*f \ 

Case ( ) - w. a covering box or sheath 

<1^1, cS«n, c?i^, c^»i, 

l>t^^ I —harden v. t. to make 
hard the outside 'en^ 
t?t<n »!^1 I —knife c^t?n *f1 i 

Case-law =law with a settled precedent 
'5rt»f^ I — ment— the frame of a win- 
dow I history — 

sft^n I 

Case ( ‘C3|s^ ) n. event ; particular 
state or condition ^?rTl> ’f*!! ; a 

legal statement of fact, a suit 
C*It^4f3Jl ; a subject of inquiry 

^*tsrf^>Tl 3pf^319l^^1 ; a question 

; a person under medical treatment 

( gram. ) the inflection of nouns 
( ) I In any case= 

at all events C^t^, » 

I In case=tifvf, 

^1^1 ), I To make out one’s case= 

i Cas$ 

is serious =c^^lT^ 1 

Casein ( C^fF^r ) n. the curd, or the coa- 
gulable substance contained in milk 
^*51, » — ous adj. per- 
taining to cheese i 

Casemate ( ‘C^F'-C^J^ ) a vaulted chamber 

Casement (c^’l5C*i^r) window made to 
open like a door, though not reaching 
to the ground, hung on hinges from 
sides of opening f^fFs^l 


Caseous ( C^jsfp^gtl ) adj. cheeselike ; resem- 
bling cheese in texture C^«rt^ 
f^fFsil ; I 

Caserne ( ) n. barracks ; soldiers’ 
quarters in a fort-area Ft^f^T ; 

*R1 » 


[ 104 3 


Cash ( C^~ ) n. ready money 

I — V. t. exchange for money, to pay 
money for I — ier=a person 

in charge of money transactions 

’<fTwr%, I —account i 

— book I — price ^ft^r • 

Hard cash, spot cash =5TM'r i In cash^ 

I Out of cash=5T^? 5^1 i 

Cash in hand=^^^(r i 

Cashew ( C^'®1 ) «• an edible nut 

Cashier ( ) v. t. to dismiss from 
office in disgrace 

; to annul ( 

Cashmere ( ) n. a kind of shawl 

made from the fur of Cashmere goat 


Casino ( ) a public dancing room 

5JTW^«1 I 

Cask ( C^?ir ) «. a small barrel, a hollow 
round vessel for holding liquor ^*r 
f*fm I 

Casket ( ^ ) «• a small case for jewels 

etc. I 

Casque n. a helmet 


Cassia ( C^spfquil ) ti. a fragrant plant like 
cinnamon i 

Cassock ( ) n- a long loose coat 

worn by clergymen 

Cast ( ) r. t. ( pa. 1. and pa. p. cast ) 

to throw, to fling, to drop 
CW, ; to reckon sf«), ; 

to mould urn, ’I’n f — '' 

to warp »T, 5 I —n. act of 

casting ; a fishing 

line W'^ ; the thing thrown 

C^C®rt?rl ; a turn of the eye 

; a chance ; 

a mould ^ftF, ; manner or 

quality ; a tinge of 

colour I — away «. an outcaste 

I —adj. rejected 

^qtnqi, i 

Casting ( ) n. act of moulding 

I Casting net=c«rati% att^T i Cast- 
ing vote — the vote of the president in a 
meeting to cast the balance on the side 
^< 51 ^ Jirg I To cast or draw lots = to deter- 
mine an event by certain chances ^fiTT 
^isr^T j To cast 

about =to look about, to contrive 

>Tt«p I To cast a slur upon= 
to disgrace i To 

cast a nativity, — a horoscope^ to make 
an astrological calculation ^*t1 'ST*!, 515 
sfef^Tl ^5r I To cast anchor = to moor a 
boat 9f5f< 9r5F^ I To cast an 

eye, or a glance = to look at i 

To cast a thing in one’s teeth --to bring a 
reproach on some, one Cif, 

^tr^1 C'f I To cast in one’s 

lot with any one=to share in common 
with some one ^tl^l 

ql, I To cast 

in the same mould — 

^1 ^5, ? I To cast into the 

shade = to conceal dSrt^ i To 

cast Into prison =>Ptc^^'5 i To cast to 
the wind=S^t^ (?r, i To cast 

aside -= to reject vHtpaft^T <*f, vnf^ cW, 
^yf*! I To cast away — to wreck or 
waste C<1»Trt C^, CW l 

To be cast-down— to be dejected in mind 
t»»T^5T 3js^ I To cast 
loose I To cast out^^tw 

• To cast up — to throw up 
; calculate f^^tn i 

To cast one’s self on -to resign one’s self 
Tfni To be cast in a suit = 

I To cast into the shade 

I To cast pearls 
before the swine q^ 


r 105 ] 


f? I To cast to the H'inds 

Cn^Tl I 

Castanet ( ) n. a rattling instru- 

ment used in dancing 

Caste ( ) n. classes or sections of 

society atlts, i — distinction nrlfi- 
I To lose caste vn^r i 
Castigate ( ) u. t. to cfiastisc, to 

correct »TTf^ i 

— gation n. severe punishment i 

—gator n. i 

Castle ( ) n. a fortified house ; 

the residence of a prince or noldcman 
S14 ; a piece iti 
chess *r5I1 i Castellan 

71 . governor of a castle i — build- 

ing-forming visionary projects 

' Castles in the air - 

Castor ( iK-aver 

; a hat made of its fur 

; a small wheel attached to the 
legs of furniture >1^ C^fW ?rrf6^1 

t —oil ( 

) n. oil obtained from the plant 

Palma christi I 

Castrate ( ) v. t. to emasi ulate, to 

geld, to remove the testicles ’*rt^ 

), ^'15 I —ted adj. gelded 

^^1 I — tion n. I 

Casual ( C*P^C?f5T ) adj. accidental, occasion- 

al, unthought -of 

c^u^, ^1 cn'f?i, 

I — ly adj. occasionally 

1 Casual acquain- 


I Casual leave 
fti) 1 

Casualty ( ) «. an accident, a 

mishap i 

— ties n. (pi. ) losses of livens ; 

I Casuality-ward 


Casuist ( ; It. one who dec ides eases 

of conscience i — ry v. 

a’a ; 1 

Cat ( ) n. dotnestic animal 

; a spiteful w^oman > 

-eyed i — like--- 

noiselcss 5j1il < 1^1 i — 

witted spiteful i Catcall 

a shrill cry f5'6"|5.4T, I Cat stick 

or Cat-o '-nine-tails- i 

CatVpaw a dupe, a tool of another 
<T.f^ I To l?ell the 

cat ^ see Bell. The cat is out of the bag 

a^1»r atc^ < 

Sick as a cal-'O^t's’T i Care 

killed the cat i A 

cat has nine lives #t?r i 

It rains cats and dogs-^tfai? 

I See which way the cat 

jumps I 

To be cat-and-dog 

I A cat may look at a king ^^f^'O 


r^.5? ^55 ? 

Catachresis ( C'T-^tC31irbt>' i n. )n!sa])])lu'ation 
of words l 

Cataclysm ( ) u. a deluge 

Catacomb ( C=?5(:5^’'SJ ) ?/. an underground 

extavadon for ])urying the dead 


Catacoustics ( ; «. ( pi. ) science 

of echoes or sounds reflected 

»iiaf I 

Catalectic ( ) adj. wanting a 

syllable in the last foot 

«itN^ I 

i opp. acatalectic ---'^«f-«^»fr i 

Catafalco or Catafalque ( ) n. a 

temporary structure of carpentry re- 



[ 106 ] 


presenting a tomb ; 

a funeral car fir^l ?«f i 

Catalepsy ( ) n. a disease causing 

loss of sensation and the power of motion 
c^i I 

Catalogue ( ) n. a list of names of 

books etc, I —v. t. 

to make a list of ^ i 

Catalysis ( ) n. the chemical in- 
fluence of a substance not itself changed 

13«1 ' Catalytic adj. 

Catamaran ( ) n. a kind of raft 
made of three pieces of wood fastened 
together ; an 

illnaturcd woman ^1^ i 

Catamonnt ( ) ”• ^ * 


Cataplasm ( ) n. a poultice 

5T:^t?1 C91\q, I 

Cataplexy ( ) n. the sleepy 

appearance of animals when under a 
shock of terror 

Catapult ( ) n. a small forked stick 

with a rubber strap used by children for 
throwing stones etc. 

Cataract ( ) n, a great waterfall or 

cascade ^ ; 

a disorder of the eye occasioning blind- 
ness > 

Catarrh ( n. discharge of fluid from 

the nose, the cold in the head 

Catastrophe ( ) n. a final event, an 

overturning, a calamity 

I — phic adj. I 

Cat-bird ( ) n. 


Catch ( C^PW : ) V. t. ( pa. t. caught ; pa. p. 

caught ), to seize suddenly ; to 
ensnare ; to understand 

; to take by infection 
*511® \ — V. t. to be entangled 

^1, I — «. act of seizing 

; anything caught ; a 

sudden advantage ; a form of 

musical composition 

Uz^'^ I —able adj. that 

may be caught I — er n. one who 

catc hes l — iog ( ) part. n. 

; a nervous twitching 
I — adj. infectious ; attrac- 
tive I —penny n. a worth- 
less publication i 

—word ;?. the cue cAU- 

fifSl ; the last word in a 

page repeated at the top '5^1^ 

fmi f*i«n ^«ii \ 

— pole, — poll n. a constable I 

To catch at.^to snatch at ^^ \ 

To catch hold of^to seize <t^ i To catch 
on - to comprehend i}^, I To catch 
OUt ^ ^ 7iV\ «(f< '5lt$S 

CFfn*t^, I To catch sight of= 

C*t«n I To catch up^to over- 
take 'srlM^ ; to seize forcibly 

I Caught red-handed ^ 5T:^ *1^1 

-^•1 \ To catch fire-y^^^l^l, 5 i To 
catch one on the hip^«»f 5t? *f< i 
Cate ( ) n. dainty i 

Catechise ( ) v. t. to instruc t or 

interrogate by questions anJ answers 

c^i«f f 

— tical adj Stz^^m fcf^l 

I — chesis n. religious instructions 
given orally i 

— chism n. a book of instructions given 
in the form of questions and answers 

Catechu ( ) n. an astringent subs- 


[ 107 ] 


tancc obtained from certain trees 
c^t9i « 

Catechumen ( ) n. one who is 
newly taught rudiments of Christianity 

Categorematic ( ) adj. capable 

of being used by itself as a term 

Category ( ) n. what may be asserted 

of a class «•! ^ ; 

a class or order cai^, ^*T i — rical 

—adj. absolute, positive 

I — cally adj. absolutely 

I — gories n. ( pi. ) philoso- 
phic classification of all that exists 
caff-'Tf I — gorise v. t. to class 


Catenary ( ) n. or adj. the curve 

formed by hanging the two ends of a chain, 
chain like i —nate 

V. to CO inect like links 

I — nation n. 

Cater ( ) v. t. {for) to provide food, 

tiffin etc. C^1^1 I — er n. one who 

provides food and drink 

I —ring n. 

C?itrsrt?1 I Cater n. 


Caterpillar ( ) n. the larva or 

worm-state of insects, a grub that feed 

upon the leaves of plants C^1«1 

Caterwaul ( C^^t^€?sT ) v. i. the cry of a cat 
cit5 CV5 ; '6? 

W*l^ ^t'35 I — y. i. to cry as a cat, to 

quarrel like cats C*l^ C^l'5 ^4, 

Catgut ( ) n. string made from the 

intestines of animals for musical instru- 
ments C154V?1^5 t1^ 4S41 


Cathartic ( ) adj. purgative 

C’^rrr»lt5l ^1, ^9Tl*f ^41 I Catharise v. t. 
to clean fiFl i 

Cathead ( ) n. a beam of timber 

on the bow of a ship for raising the 
anchor W4l ~<^^ 4^1^ i 

Cathedral ( ) the principal church 

of a diocese f4»r’^4 «f45l 


Catheter ( C45f«tJ^4 ) n. an instrument for 
drawing urine from bladder 


Catholic ( C4i«rf91^ ) adj. C4-«tf4I4f 

; universal, liberal 
I — city, — cism n. liberality of 
views, universality i 

Catkin ( C4.5-f<f;T ) n. a tuft of flowers C«ltni 
^flF I 

Cattle ( ) fi. ( pL ) beasts of pasture 

^45, 'W^, I 

— breeding see under Breed. — show ^4^- 

I —lifter ‘)t45-c&t4 I —pound 

^4 I 

Caucasian ( ) adj. 

Caucus ( ) n. a private meeting of 

political agitators 
4541 ^lt^54 I 

Caudal ( ) adj. having a tail C^l®1, 

41 f^5l tttiil I 

Caudle ( 4>’®'c^ ) «. a warm drink for sick 
persons 41 a^f^45 f»f4l ^4^ ^44^ J 

Caught ( 45’^ ) pa, t. and pa. p. of catch. 

Caul ( 4s’fJ^ ) n. a net or coveiing for the 
head 4l ^4 Ut4»f4 ; a membrane cover- 

ing the head of infants at their births 
'enc'8j‘tc^ ^1^ ^^1 wt4i I 

Cauldron, Caldron ( 45'91§^t ) n. a large kettle 
C^1i:4l 4^ f4r^l4l W451 J 

CauliOower ( ) n. a species of 
cabbage 45f4 i 

Cause ( 4s’'Sr^ ) n. that which produces an 
effect, reason, sake ^t4*l, 4t4, 



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109 ] 


Celebrate ( ) v. t. to make famous 

; to solemnise a festival or an 
event ; to praise m 

I — brant n. one who celebrates 
; the principal oflTiciating piicst 
I — brated adj. famous f^ant^, 

I — bration n. act of celebrating a 
solemn ceremony t 

—brator n. i — brity ». 

fame, distinction ^»r, ; a person of 

distinction l 

Celerity ( r5:»ir^f5 , n. rapidity, quickness 
«r55:nt^, C’?’T I 

Celery n. kitchen vegetable 

»rt^ I 

Celestial ( ) lieavenly ; an 

inhabitant of heaven i The Celestial 
Empire ( c«(5 ?1 cw*T? ) i 

Celibacy ( ) n. single life, an unmar- 
ried state $5Tt^5T ' 

1 — ^bate n. unmarried person 

; living single 

c^?5^Tn I 

Cell ( C5'?f ) a small apartment in a prison 
> 1 ^ ; a cave TI 5551 ; a 

collection of living matter in the young- 
est stage of all organism ^1 ^ifk 

Cellar ( y n. an underground cell tj? 


'S^tST^ I 

Cellular ( ) adj. containing cells 

I Cellulose adj. 

Celluloid ( ) -n. a hard elastic subs- 
tance used for ivory 

Celt or Kelt ( ) n. one of the primitive 

inhabitants of Western Europe *Tf^?r 

CfItV ; a stone or bronze 

implement of ancient time 

^;y I Celtic adj. 

Cement ( ) «. an adhesiNc substance 

that unites bodies §^1 C9\\G, 

; mortar 57tfl? ; a band of 

union 1 — r. t. to join c loscly 

f(f C^U1 ^^1, / 

Cemetery ( ) u. a burying ground 

tit I 

Ceoobite, Coenobite ( ) n. a monk 

living in community ♦ttf^ 

arils’! I 

Cenotaph ( ) n. a monument to one 

u'lio is buried elsewhere 
ft^?i J-jjvftir I 

Censer ( ) n. a pan for l^urning incense 

^^fiF mat, i 

Censor (_ } n. a Roman oOlccr C^t^I 

f?Ftn ; 

one that examines manuscripts for the 
press *tas 

; one who censures vi-\x- 

I —-rial ndj. belonging to a censor 
I — rious adj. 

fault-finding < — ship n. 

office of a censor C^ttrm 

mu c5tt?tr^ i 

Censure ( C5’^«»;?s57 ) n. blame reproach 
srf??qt, I — r. ^ to blame, 

to reprove si 5 , 

cm»f ; ^4, I —able 

adj. blamafiie 1 

Census ( C5’*Tb5") n. an official enumeration 
of people mg? rtg? fnxtar 1 
Cent ( C?^") n. a hundred ; an American 
coin ' 

—age 1 Per cent =- by 

the hundred 1 

Centaur ( ) w. a fabulous monster 

half-man and hrlf-horse 'e'^4 Utg? 

, A4U 

41 ^^ ) 



110 ] 

Cerebmm • 

Centenary ( ) adj. pertaining to a 

century or hundred years i — n. 

a hundred years vfi»r ; a celebration 
after a hundred years ooin ^^>1? l 

I — rian i 

Centennial ( ) adj. happening 

once in a century *1'®- 


Centering ( ) a frame work for the 
construction of a vault ^Tl 
jt5" I 

Centesimal ( ) adj. hundredth 

I — ly adj. i 

Centigrade ( C6’l^ f5r®: ) adj. divided into 
hundred degrees (ii^TStCiT i 

Centimetre ( c5l«6rs.^T< ) n. a lineal measure 

$r?p ) • 

Centipede ( n. a reptile having 

hundred feet 

Cento ( CF:^1 ) n. a composition made up 
of scraps from one or more authors; a 
patch work composition iftJR 


^ ' 

Centre, center ( ) rt. the middle point 

of a circle inw i — i. 

to be placed in the middle c^l-Tf®® «ft^ • 
— tral adj. remaining in. the middle ^ItW® 
«(t^, ; principle aittst, i 

— lise V. t. to draw to a centre 

I — lisation n. act 
of centralising administrative functions 
in one person 

\ Centre of gravity =ir*fn^- 4*1 
C?F^ » — bk n. an instrument for boring 

round holes in wood ^1;^® 


Centrifugal ( ) adj. tending aw^ay 

from the centre 

7ti<T c«rrwi ; C^artr®5r ; efferent 
{hot.) pioceedirtg from the 

apex towards the base ♦Ptl 


Centripetal (CSl^fnc&VT) adj. tending to- 
wards the centre ; 

afferent I ( bot. ) proceeding 

from the base towards the apex (8%?? 

nrt^i ; 


Centuple ( ) adj. hundredfold ja»PTt^ 


Century ( ^1 ) n. a hundred 

years t 

Centurian ( ) n. the commander 

of a hundred men *1tR 

Ceorl ( ) n. 


Cephalic ( ) adj. belonging to the 

head i — lous adj. having a 

head i 

Ceramic ( ) adj. pertaining to 

pottery I 

Cerate ( ) an ointment composed of 

wax and other medicinal substances 
CSl^pT^IC^ 5 ?s;4-1 I 

Ceratoid ( ) adj. horny fWt ; 

f»Tt t 

Cere ( ) v. t. to cover with wax 

i?i^, '^zxm I 

'e’l?® I — reous 

( ) adj. waxy int « Cero- 

plastic — modelled in wax ^16® ^ i 

Cerecloth i 

Cereals ( ) n. ( pi ) food grains such 

as wheat, barley etc. triJf. «llf? 

I —rial adj. irt? Wf? »t^ | 

Ceres ( ) n. ijCts 

'BifijitoTl c^?l, •I’^l I 

Cerebrum ( CU’f35ars[ ) n. the front and larger 
part of the brain tllij | 

— bral adj. i ---liration n. ?l%TPr 


[ 111 3 


fjp?1 1 Unconscious cerebration 

filial I 

Ceremony ( ) n. a sacred rite 

^^1, C’T?'*, ^^5 ; an empty outward 

form ; pomp 

I — nious adj\ particular in observing 
formality, formal, exact 
I — ly 

I Master of ceremoney^:F^1, 
V5ifif^??p, I Xo stand upon ceremony — 

f»T^l5T-^ I 

Cerography ( ) n. art of engrav- 
ing on wax 5?^1 ‘<^^1 i 

Certain ( ) odj. sure, undoubted 

; fixed 

; resolved fstit?, ^1^t“ ; some one 

^ ) ; r^f, 

I On a certain day^ 

I Certain person- 

c?5i:7n i — ty n. 

assurance I — ly 

adv. truly 

^?r»n I For certain i 

Certificate ( ) w. a testimonial in 

writing i — fy v. t. 

to testify in writing, to make known as 
certain CW, ^ I 

— fler n. i —fied ^?1- 

^I’sp-Tt I 

Cerulean ( ) adj. dark blue 


Cerumen ( ) waxy matter in the car 


Cervical ( ) adj. belonging to the neck 

Cervine ( ) adj. pertaining to a deer 

; like deer I 

i Cess ( cbX ) n. a tax i — v. t. to 

I impose a tax i 

I Cessation ( Cb:b’*8^ ) n. act of ceasing, rest 
I vij3q«i, f>(^f^, ( sec 

Cease ). 

Cession ( C15’^ ) n. a giving up, surrender 
^nsr, I (see Cede). 

Cesspool ( Cb’ir^pi ) n. a ditch in which 
filthy water collects i 

Chafe ( ‘551^ ) V. t. to make warm by 
rubbing ( at or 

against ) to fret ; to wear 

by rubbing ’SRi i — v. i. to rage 
I — n. heat caused by friction ; 
rage • 

Chaff ( t56JF7 ) n. the husks of grain 

; worthless matter ; a 

banter I — y 

CbtC^t^l «i^1, ^^r-Tt I — er v. t. or v. i. to 
bargain, to haggle about the price 

^^1 I — ery > 

Chaffinch ( ) n. a little songbird 

Chagrin ( cufiR ) n. ill-humour, vexation 

fil ^ts5f^, 

^^t*T I ~v. t. to vex 5isn, 

cm^ 1 

Chain ( ) n. a series of rings or links 

arranged in a line 

a number of things 
arranged one after the other 

; anything that binds I 

— i?. t. to restrain ?1^, 'SlT^^p i — ed 
adj. fastened with a chain 
si^i I — stich 

I — work-:^a network 
311 ^121^ wc^ ^1^ I — bridge^ 

a suspension bridge 
'6r9irs<tf ^^1 ) —man 'sl^^ csl^l 

I To put in chain ^tr tec- C*f, 
[ In the chain of arrangement = 
Cy\t ^1 I 

Chair ( ) «. a moveable seat with a 

back to it ; an official scat 

; a president 


[ 112 ] 


I — maii^one whc 
presides o\’er a meeting 

Chairmanship^ <l*r f To take the 

chair C^t?1 i Chair ! Chair ! 

c^i?n ! 

C^t^l ! Deputy chairman i 

Chaise ( cB5»7 j «. a two-wheeled open 
carriage i 

Chalcography ( C59fC^fi:5ir?p ) ;/. art of 

engraving on copper plate C^j^t 

Um t 

Chaldron ( ) n. rn old coal-measure 

(25.1 cwt) ?J59I13| TiU 

5’^ 5.411 I 

Chalice ( ) n. a howl ; any- 
thing shaped like a cup hell of a 

flower f^?9itsjfr 


Chalk ( 56’^ ) fi. the white earth ?^f1 

l?3T I — V. t. or V. I. to ntark with 
chalk Cif, 81^1 I — y adj. 

Fsjsitll? I —for cheese 

siT^l ^sr 5=f^i I —out c^r, ^f^is 

Challenge ( ) r. 1. to invite one to 

come to a decision by sonic (onlrst 


c5ir^ srt^, 

‘9nf^ ^ ; to claim 

^ ; to object to 

tf4l I — n. summons to a contest C^PC’^f^, 

; an exception to a jury C^lC^tl 
I — er n. <5111151^1 

Challis ( CwRiK ) fi. i 

Chamber ( ) n. an appartment, a room 

^^*1, ^5*11“’^^ ; a corporate body 

>r®1 ; a hall of legislation 
; a cavity C^1^, ; the lower 

end of the bore of a gun 

®*TtPf8T3r ^$1/ — er n, an intriguing man 

(TSTt^p-, t —fellow 

C^Ti>t9rtrt5 I -maid-- a female 

servant i —pot 

5f^?n I Chamber of commerce = 

5^151 I 

Chamberlain ( j n. a houselmld 

officer of the king or a nobleman to 
perform domestic duties ^Irt^ i 

Lord Chamberlain 9 

Chameleon ( C-'^f^^9T5R ) v. a lizard-like 
reptile famous for changing its colour 
carSl^ «iaT*T *[^15 af^ ; 

Chamfer ( CB5*ipt^" ) v. l. to bevel symmcti i- 
cally a right-angled edge or cornel 

Chamois ( ) n. a wild goat inhabiting 
the Alps Tl I 

Champ ( C^*^■ ) v. ?. to make a noise wiiii 
the jaws in chewing 

I — V. t. to clicw, to bite C^l?1, 
lel^ I — ing n. ai t of ( hewing ^5^1 


Champagne ( ; n. a kind of liglit wine 

Champaign ( ) 7i. an open, lc\el 

country C^“f i 

Champerty ( ) n. a bargain struck be- 

tween two panics with the promise of 
mutual help 

5J5f^ C»IT3T^ C5}1^^5}t® >r$t?[ 

It?? C»f1^ I 

Champion ( ) r?. a combatant for 

another or for himself ; one 

who becomes succes.sful in any trial of 
strenglti or skill 5f«lt55 fw^T^, ; 

a defender of a cause i 

—ship n. i 

Chance ( ITWSP' ) n. that which happen.s ; 
an unexpected occurrence 


[ 113 ] 


; opportunity, luck iff'e, 5®!, 

; probability ^Hl, I (/'M 
misfortunes i — v. t. to 

hazard i — v. ?'. to happen 

I By chance 1 

Even chance -^T9f W, C^tC^I 

/ Stand a good chance — >|^?[ 

I To take one’s chance ^^6=^ 

^far C5t?ri ; vffsrfit ^^^1 i 

Chancel ( C66C«P’c=f ) n. the part of a church 
where the altar stands ?1 

Chancellor ( C66>si;«; ) tl,c president of a 
court, jury or university etc. 

I Chancellor of the Exchequer 
=^-^(55 mu I 

Chance-medley ( C66^:-C^’^:r»r ) n. homu ide 
by an accident i 

Chancery ( c^caif^ ) n. a division of ilie 
High court of England 

C^fTl^ I 

Chandelier ( ) n. a frame whi( h 

branches for liolding lights 

Chandler ( ) «. a dealer in candles 
etc. «llfg C^51 

I Ship-chandler 

Change ( 'CWd«%~ ) v. t. to alter, to give one 
thing for another, to exchange 

c*f, ^ir»n ; to give a 
smaller coin for «9|nl ( ) I — v. i. to 

become changed >fai1 i 

— n. act of changing, alteration >T«rif^, 

; small coin 

iR I —able adj. liable to change, 
fickle I — 

ableness ^*1 t —less adj. 

constant Rtr^t^l l 

er n. one that changes or exchanges 
’Wt'4'51, iw I Change colour =aitv 

•n : f r Change one’s mind to alter 


one’s opinion 'Sf^ ’^‘ysTl, i 

Change one’s self-RstrnR^Ptf^ 

Wi Change one’s tune 

uf5 c*TT^ 5 I Ring the changes 
15^1 5*11 ; ^91 

b«^5l 3f ; I 

Change hand--<ii&Hn^1 cw, ^^1^? 

I He has gone down for a change 

Changeling n. ^1 ®1^1- 

C5l?rt^ anything substituted by stealth. 

Channel ( CSSfiR’cT ) n. the bed of a stream 

a narrow sea C*lWl, a*It^, 

C^l^l ; means of passing ^si1-fa^1 ^^1 
I Through the proper channel — '6^^- 
ift*lH C^ir^T, 'Cll^si « 

Chant ( f- lo sing ^\!i ; to recite 

in a singing mariner ^p» ^1 *11^ 

I — n. a song, melody I — er n. a 

singer ‘nt?^ I 

Chaos ( C^-^5" ) n. confused mass, disorder 
?1 «l?^1 ; the state of 

matter before the creation 
'3I5TI t —tic adj. confused 

Chap ( ) V. i. to crack C^t*l ; to knock 

» — n. a chink ; 

a fissure in the skin "JlR 5Ept^ ( 

WU<S 511 ), I — ped adj. C’l’ll 

( t*rtR> ) I — py adj. C^ail ; 

Chap ( ) n. a young fellow *1T1, C®lt^, 

He is a clever chap=^c^^ 

C*it^ I — s. n. jaws «f5Sl 51 ® i 

— fallen adj. ( See chop fallen ). 

Chape ( 'C^^~ ) n. metal cap for the point of 
a scabbard ^1^1 5tf% 

; metal mounting at top of 
scabbard which bears ring for attaching 
to a belt 


[ 114 J 


^ remaps 5 ft? fnc?T K1^4 «ita^ ?1 
trc^t&i f 

Chapel ( CWC*f’»T } n. a place of worship 

«rt»f^n «r ^1 ^111 1 — «. a body of 
musicians I 

Chaperon ( (?ir*r^^ ) n. one who attends a 
lady as protector C^tC^n 

Chaplain ( ) «. a clergyman attaciied 

to a regiment, a public institution or a 
private family ^UU*i 

Chaplet (a55^C«l’|) n. a garland or wreath 
for the head ; rosary i 

Chapman ( ) n. a pedlar ^=51 


Chapter ( ) n. a division of a book 

«Tt«irl, ^K]lJy ; an organised 

branch of some society 
I Chapter house 
I Chapter of accidents 

I To give chapter and verse =c^tC^1 
^ 97 ^ wc^lf 2 t*r «rTr«i ^ 1 

Char ( Wt?' ) V. t. to burn to carbon ^1% 

; to scorch C®1|[1 ( See also Chare). 

Character ( ) n. a letter ; 

a symbol in writing ; the manner of 
writing C»l’«rt< ; the pecu- 

liar quality of a person, thing, or nature 
H*! ; moral qualities 
; official position or 
rank; < 1 *f, fvf«tn ; the particular part 

taken in a play ^'6 ; certificate 

; an imaginary person created 
in a play or novel ^1 

Tl I — ^rise V, t. to describe by 

peculiar qualities, to delineate tl«| 

Ff^ar-^flns nn \ 
— ^ristic n. that which marks character 
Wt^, ,n% I —tic, —cal 

adj, marking the peculiar nature 

f^, t A manof chara- 

cter=viw^ 5^31? C»IT^ i A bad character^ 
I In character = appro- 
priate I 

Charade ( ) n. a riddle i 

Charcoal ( ) n. coal made by burning 

wood I 

Chare, Char ( ) n. an occasional piece of 
worlf I Char- 


Charge ( Ft#: ) ^ ( with ) to load, to fill 

^W, ; to lay on ; 

to command ^tr?"r ; to impose as a 
tax v\%\ ; to entrust to fw*at® 

%W\ ; ( on ) to bring an 

accusation CTl^ C^, CWy 

; to set to in an account 
I -—V, t. to attack «liaji5J®| \ 

— n. anything given to one’s custody or 
care C*lt^, 

; custody 1%*in, 

; cost ?t^I ; the load of 
powder for a gun Wtt ; attack 

WlaFslt ; care as of an office 

; command ; an accusation 

?t?, W^T^f, C’lt^? ; (pi.) expenses 

•RF, i — able adj. liable to be char- 
ged ; 

W I — er n. a large dish tstW 

«rt»I ; a war-horse i How much 

do you charge for it 

f^Ft^l ? t'91^ 

? He has been charged with mur- 
der=t5't7F CWtC^ CTtfl 

\ To give in charge = 

^1 f»ri1 I Charge sheet 
^Iw I In charge of = 

^^rairr^T® « 

Charge-d ’affaires ( airwf^ ) n. a deputy 

ambassador ®»T<fTn? ^1 ; 


Chdrily ( ) adj. frugally n^faiwn, 

4tff: I 


[ 115 ] 


Chariot ( ) n. a four-wheeled carri- 

age of pleasure, a car used in ancient 
times I — V, i. or v. t. to ride in a 

chariot i — eer n. one who 

drives a chariot • 

Charitable ( ) adj. relating to 

charity ; liberal *rt^, 

I — nesS n. I — ity ( ) 

n. universal love, liberality tf?rl '0*1, 

; almsgiving 

I Cold as charity 

ck5i«.l ( i?t=T at^r c^t 

) I Charity begins at home=^^trnrtr 


'OFf^^T Ft^ I Charity-boy, 

girl-=:«r5rt«;tai^t!> ai^l ^1 i 

Charitable dispensary fFf^^^^i? • 

Charivari ( ) n. a wild tumult and 
uproar in contempt of a person 

Charlatan ( ) n. a quack 
Tptt C?[W I —adj. 

aJtsp^ • 

Charles’s Wain ( ^Fteid^;-C?5=[ ) n. the seven 
bright stars • 

Charm ( ) n. a magic power 

; an amulet ; {p^-) female 

beauty tl«l i — 

V. t. to fascinate c^t?, 05T*[ ^ 

f^1 ; to subdue ^ ; to enchant f^HTl- 
l^tj u?? ^1, I — er n. 

I — ing adj. highly pleasing 

firr*i irc^Tt?^, f^=T»*riTil I 

To bear a charmed life—^t^’lj 
U ^ I 

Charnel ( ) adj, of a burial place 'srtI- 

c*tt^1 I —house tsrU 

cm^l 1 

Chair same as Char. 

Cliart ( ) n. a map showing islands 

and seas fFlT ; a tabular statement 

of any kind C^tC^n A) i 

Charter ( ) ”• formaV writing in 

evidence of a grant ^tW ; a 

patent, grant ^tW?ii^Xr ^1 i 

— V. 1. to establish by charter 

; to let or hire, as a ship Wt3?lW 
®t?1 3rf C? I —party «ft?tw 

licensed, privi- 

ledged c*rf?i, 

’asTTtstfirt^, I —ism n. 

ait^r^ 3r.^i wtprT^i^t « 

— ist n. ^^rsrf*f5T^t4> I —house n. 

Alms house in London for aged pensioners 
T51 f^?ii I 

Char-woman see under Chare. 

Chary ( C^f^l ) adj. careful, cautious sparing 

I Charily adv. 

M I 

Chase ( ‘CWW; ) v. t. to pursue, to drive 
away C^1% C^, C«rf^ *1^ ; to hunt f^Ft^ i 
— n. pursuit ; C^l-C^t^ll ; hunting 

fF?Pt3f ^51*1 ; that which is chased lF^t^ i 
Beasts of chase = wild beasts that arc 

generally hunted 

I Wild-goose chase —any foolish 
attempt 5- ’ • 

Chase ( CWBT ) v. t. to de- . metal work 
by engraving irf^^ i 

Chase ( C^5W7 ) n. a printer’s frame for 

holding types rt^Tt 

Chasm ( ) n. an opening or gap 


Chassis ( ) n. the motorcar machi- 
nery, wheels etc. 


Chaste ( ‘C?B^ ) adj. pure t9%, ; 

virtuous ; refined l — ness n. 

the state of being chaste 

I — ty n. purity of body or speech 
^QlvU < 

Chasten ( ) v. t. to correct, to refine, 

to restrain ^ 


I — ed adj. purified, 

refined I 

Chastise ( ) v. t. to correct by 

inflicting punishment »rtf% f? 

»Ttf« I —ment n. correction, 
punisliment »lTf%, ^'0 i 

Chat ( CiS6§ ) V. i. to talk idly 
♦ft^, ^t^tn I —n. idle talk 

I — ty adj. talkative 

Chateau ( ) n. castle ^‘sf ; 

Chattel ( ) «• uny movable property 

I Goods and chattels mov- 
ables 5rf9i^^ I 

Chatter ( CSb^Ul ) v. /. to talk idly 8T*f»fn1, 

I —box n. 1 — er n. 

I — ing adj. 


Chauffer ( ) ) /?. a portable furnace 
'0^^ ^»T ♦Rl *R1 Tl \ 

Chauffeur ( ) n. a motor-car driver 
^^ 3 ^ 1 1 

Chauvinism ( ) n. pride in one’s 

country with hatred for others f^*»n 


Cheap ( 15^^~ ) adj. of low price 
j easily obtainable 

cnr?1 I — ly adv. TfiStN I —ness n. >f^1, m 
I — en V. t. to ask the price of 
a thing ?Tt, ; to lower the price 

of 5p?rl, I —labour \ 

— ^trip I Dog cheap, 

Dirt cheap==^^ ^ i To hold 

cheap I 

Cheat ( ) V. t. to deceive, to defraud 
Of, firarf?«n 5p?, I — n. one who 
cheats, a fraud Jif;, SVSU^, 

^*0^ I Put a cheat upon= 9 VRr^ i 
To cheat the deva=^5lst4T TtTft *R 

Check ( c^5*^ ) V. t. to restrain, to curb tfill, 


W1, IfVT’n, ^ ; to rebuke 

-55? ; to examine an account f^St*T 
51 ; to mark with stripes ^5" > 

— n. a restraint, a sudden stop 
«5r^1, ( CJIOR ) I — er n. 

one who checks or hinders ♦fft’Vl 

5t4?1 I Check-clerk ^^1 


Checker sec Chequer. 

Checkmate ( ) v. t. a movement in 

( hess tliat ends tlic game, to defeat 

1 —n. overthrow, 
rlieck f^l% I 

Checkers (Cbb^l!^:) n. {pL) the game of 
draughts C«l^1, ' 

Chee-Chee *ft^ 


Cheek ( j n. the side of the face below 
the eyes ^^v\ i To have the ch( ek to do 
anything- ?ntw 
I Cheek by jowl - ; inti- 

mate vnr^r^t^ I — y adj. saucy 

I To one’s cheeks- to 
one’s private use I 

Cheer ( ) n. joy ; a 

shout of joy or welcome W1 I*Pi1r ; 

entertainment i -~v. t. ( up ) to 

comfort, to encourage 'S'Rf ^^Tl, 

^^1 i — fui“ gay, lively 

fully adj. i —fulness n. 

gaiety \i, '511 ^1*f, » —less adj. 

gloomy C’RT'R^^I, ^^1, 

'51^1^51 I — ry adj. lively i Of good 

cheer cheery i The fewer the 

better cheer •-= UnU ^1^? 

«t91 I Three cheers -?rr?1Pl^, 

I To make good cheer -C^IW 

^'S?1 I 

Cheese ( ) n. curd of milk coagulated 

and pressed into a round form 

c^rt^ ’IRI nf^ i —monger 

[ 116 1 


[ 117 ] 


= I — {slang )=a thing of 

excellent quality ^ i 

Cheirography ( i — griqiber 

«rr<fr^r^ i 

Cheiromancy ( 5^5t^^trsrf?P ) n. the art of 
telling fortunes by the lineaments of the 
hand, palmistry i 

Also Cheirosophy. 

Chemise ( ) n. a loose shirt used by 
woman ClpfaW, C^t»l1 i 

Chemistry ( ) n. the science that 

treats ol' the nature and properties of 
elementary substance and their com- 
pounds fV^tn, i 

— ist n. one versed in chemistry 

I —cal adj. relating 
to chemistry l 

— cals n. {pi.) substances producing 
chemical effects i Chemi- 

cal affinity '5rr^^«i i 
Organic chemistry = 

I Inorganic chemistry 


Cheque, Check [ ) n. an order for money 

payable on demanci 

fjTTlI I 

—book w 

«nii 3ttn f*r?i i 

Chequer ( ) V. t. to mark in squares 

of different colours 


^ *Tf^ I n. a chess-board 

ut»l I ( See also check ). — ed, — kered 
adj. variegate i 

Cherish ( CW’f^’5" ) v. t. to nurture, to treat 
with affection ; to entertain 

in mind V i 

Cheroot ( ) «. a cigar i 

Cherry ( ) «. a kind of edible fruit or 

the tree that bears it 

<nr?l«t y\^ if9\ ^ I Cherry 

brandy 3^1 t 

Cherub ( n. a celestial spirit having 

wings ; a beautiful 

child »!^1 ’Tl I — bic adj. 

angelic nsft^irr^ i {pis.) Cherubs, 

Cherup ( ) v. l. to urge on CFt*tf51 utfir 

C^^ I 

Chess ( ) ”• ^ game played on a 

chequered board with piei^eS C^*n, 

?3ii c«r9Tl I —board irr»T t —men 

figures or pieces used in the game of 
chess I 

Chest ( ) n. a large box C^TTi, ; part 

of the body l^elow the neck ^ i 
Chestnnt, Cbesnut ( ) n. the tree and 

the fruit of a large tree 3jt*?t3Sl • — adj. of 

the colour of the chestnut ^<6^ » 

Chevalier ( ) n. knight, a horse- 


I ( L. caballus~a horse). 

Cheviot ( ) n. a kind of w^oolen cloth 

«iiv3t3i5ir c^tm I 

Chevron ( C5S®^ n. a V-shaped band to be 
worn on the sleeve by the non-commi- 
ssioned army officers 

fnt%^ vurt V I 

Chevy ( ClSSf® ) n. a hunting cry 
f5v<133| ; pursuit f5^t^ ^1^ I 

Chew ( 65'] ) V. t. to bruise and grind with 
the teeth C5t<1 ; {fig.) to meditate ; 
t — n. anything chewed C6^trTtal 
) » Chew the cud = to 
ruminate ^nZ9\ ) i 

Chiaroscuro ( ) n. effect of 
light falling on some objects whereby 
some parts are brightly illuminated and 
some are in varying degrees of shade 
c^tr^i 31^^ c3i5tr3Ri 

^511 ; treatment of these 

effects in pictorial art 


[ 118 ] 


ttTI tl-CntW f?5l ; use of 

strong contrasts of light and shade in 
art or in literature 
OT'Pn I 

Chic (f%^ ) n. style, adroitness ertu^, 

tl*l I —adj. stylish 
I “up to the mark” 


Chicane ( ) n. a trick, an artifice 

I — V. i. use tricks 

^ I — V. t. to deceive 

Wei, I — ry n. trickery 

fjpf^a tFfjpt?, Tpptf, I 

Chick ( f5^ ) n. the young of fowls, a child 

I — en n. the young of 

fowls ; a child a!?1- 

I Chicken-broth— ^4 1? i 

Chick-pea=«sf^(r W1^ nfe? itt^i 

Chicken-hearter=^a timid person 
I Chicken-pox =^r^, 

I He is no chicken— 

I To count one^s chicken before they 
are hatched ==5MeiC5ifii^ v^] ^sr, Oi) 

^*n I c^) 'entw’tc^^ *11^ 

^ I 

Chicory ( ) n. a kind of plant having 

long roots i 

Chide ( ^i'S; ) v. t. ( pa. chid ; pa. p. 
chid, chidden ) to scold, to rebuke ^t1n, 
C*^, C*f I —V. i. C^CSlT^I, 

cw I 

Chief ( fwp; ) adj. highest in office, head, 
principal i — n. a leader, 

a headman 

the main part of 
anything i — 'dom, ship n. sove- 
reignty » 

— ^ adv. principally, especially 

i -4ahi n. a leader, the 
head of a clan itt¥^, c»Rlnf», 
tRt^ I Id cUef«at the head dTirm i 

— commissioner i — Judge • 

—Justice I —Minister i 

Chiffon ( ftftpst ) n. an ornamental part of a 
woman’s dress »»tW I 

Chignon ( ) n. the long back-hair of 
women folded into a roll on the back 

Chilblain ( ) n. an inflamation on 
hands and feet during cold-weather 

c^tsT I 

Child ( ) n. a young person, cither 

son or a daughter Tl 

Clt«t^ 1 (pi.) Children 

I Childhood -state of child 
I Childish = 

of or like cl i 

»RtTErt^5? I -ishness=»^^tf»T, i 

Childlike=innoccnt ’Btwarl i 

Child’s-play =»r^1 i Second 

childhood ^W1 l Childwife = a very young 
wife ^1^11 ; Childless 

I With child “pregnant 
I ( as Get with, Be or Go with 
child). Child is the father of a man=^^ 
n«rnf ’ft’® d*i 

a^l»T I 

Chill ( ) n. coldness, shivering cold 
nrt^ » — V. t. to make cold C^Fl *y’f1 ; 

to discourage 5^*f i — ing 

CFFI, I — y adj. C’Ttf?!- 

'fl?1 I ( opposite of Cordial ). 

Chilli ( fwfPf ) n. the wcllknown pungent 
fruit used as a spice i 

Chime ( ) n. the harmonious sound 
of bells or other musical instruments 


^rwiTl ^5^1 I — P. t to strike in 

harmony ^Wl i —v. i. to agree in 

sound f^»f1 I To chime in with— ^ 
fkvri. 1 1 To* keep chime with— 



[ 119 ] 


Chimera ( ) n. a fabulous monster 

»lt*T^ '6911^ ; 

a vain idle fancy fill 1 i — icai 

fanciful, highly imaginary 

Chimney ( ) n. a passage for the 
escape of smoke either of a lamp or of a 
hearth C^I31 

CTfffI I —piece 

'6‘nr< ^ 

I — Sweeper 5tpi i —shaft 

'e*fr^ «f^1 cn*1?1 c^1?1 i 

( P^- ) — s* 

Chimpanzee ( ) n. a kind of African 

ape I 

Chin ( ) n. the projecting end of a face 

C<i*TOt<1 I 

China ( Wtlsti ) n. fine earthen ware 
3ltl!)3| I 

Chinchilla ( ) n. rodent of peru, 
about the size of a squirrel 
f^f5^ ; the soft grey fur 

of this animal ^ 

C^U I 

Chinese ( ) n. a Chinamen 
C»rt^ I 

Chincough ( ) n. the whooping cough 

Chine ( ) n. the backbone of an animal 

; ?tit? I 

Chink ( ) n, a small opening «r»T^1, tPtet l 

— V. i. to crack tPt^ i — y adj, CWU^t- 
W«1 «f^1 I 

Chink ( ) n. the jingling sound as of 
coins 15t i5t 1 

Chintz ( ) n. a cotton cloth in several 

colours ffU 

Chip ( ) fi. a small piece of wood or 

anything cut off 

I — V. t. to cut into small pieces 

c®t«ra c®t«R I — py 

adj. full of chips C®T«tai ; seedy on 

account of excessive drinking 
«*Ty C5(?[1 » A chip of the 

old block — son resembling father 
6t^ cmaif^, '©•I w »iai I 

Chippendale ( ) n. drawing-room 

furniture of a light style ^1^^ 

5#l-i:siw I 

Chirl (155|c^;) V. i. to utter musically ©•!- 
OTl I 

Chirm ( 561^ ) v. i. to chirp f5Ti>*lI1 i 

Chirognomy ( ) n. palmistry 

CBU^ f^, I 

Chirology ( ^lIC^TSTrasf ) n. the art of con- 
versing with the hands or by signs 
aiU] ratlin ; 

( G. A. ) A:/<«r = hand. 

Chiromancy see Cheiromancy. 

Chiropody ( ) n. treatment of corns, 

bunions, warts etc. -nife'® C^it 

C^W cat^R 

I — podist^^'^ Rt5R I 

Chirp ( ) V. i. to make the noise of 
small birds l — -n. i?t*- 

I — ing adj. or part. n. 
C#C#ii)9§1, ; cheering «2[Tg^ft ; the 

cheerful noise of birds l 

Chirrup ( ) v. i. to chirp or cheer up 
cw, I 

Chisel ( ) n. an iron tool for hollow- 
ing out wood t — v. t. to cut with 

a chisel c’«[T9f c«rf»lf^ Of i 

Chit ( ) «. a note C^t?pi, fsfe ; a lively 

young child I 

Chitchat ( ) n. an idle talk 

BTtmn I 

Chitin ( ) n. hard substance which 
covers the bodies of certain invertebrates 
forming the shell 1%|3rR at^ 

C’«rRn I 


[ 120 ] 


Chivalry ( ) n. tiic usagos and 
qualification of kiiiRluhood in ancuMit 
times 'SJt^ 

I — rous, ric adj. p(a taining to 

chivalry ; gallant 


Chlorine ( ) n. a kind of gas 

^1 I 

Cklorodyne ( ) «. -liTl 

Chloroform ( ^^1 

I - fi to makt! insensible by 
ehloroform . 

Chock ( ) n. a wedge, a log 

I —v. t. C^<i1 C*f, C®W1 Ctf I 

Chocolate ( ) n. a kind of small 

sweet cake prepared by grinding the seeds 
of cocoa-tree ; 

dark brown colour i 

Choice ( ) n. act of choosing, the thing 


; preference ♦H^sr, ^3j*t, 

t ^adj. select 

' Make choice 
of=^tf*l ^ » At choice — \ Without 
choic§=fsife5t^5t » 

Choir ( ^?t^' ) n. a band of singers in a 
church ^»1 ; a part 

of a church set apart for the singers 

itt I 

Choke ( ) V. t. to step the breath 

^ ; to throttle or suffocate 
C5^*rtf? *R I — V. i. to be suffocated ^tf- 
fst-n^ C5^tr*fin 51 --damp ^»rt5 

«t*» » — er H. ^5 ^^15^ » 

—off if5 ai«n 

I — adj. tending to choke ^tf 
f3CC5t5^ » 

CMer ) «. the bile W ; 

anger i --ric a4j. passionate 1lht#t?r(, 
vftltVT I 

Cholera ( ) n. a deadly disease attended 

with purging and vomiting 5tlWl 

C3isit^ I 

Choose ( l»‘W; ) V. t. ( pa. t. chose ; pa. p. 
chosen ) to select ^rlfw nl, *1551 

I —V. i. to will iBTl 

^5? I Not much choose between^ 
c^?i, viir^l \ 

Cannot choose i 

Chop ( ) V. t. to cut into small pieces 

^^5 ; to 

barter C^151 ^5 i — v. i. to change 

abemt a55t^ i 

— n. a blow et^T ; a small piece of meat 
C'SttR, ; a change i — per n. 

a cleaver > Chopping knife 55.5 

^§1 I — ping adj. plump C5tl>1 

C^lDft^ I — house = a dining house ^t-Tl 
5l5t»T f?5l C^t5l5 55l —sticks n. (pi.) 

^t5t5 c«rf5i ( #tiM- 

5tC5t55 *ff55c4 5355t5l ) l — in=to 

interrupt 555t55l ^55 i —at 5l 

5fn5l5t*l d>*l5l I —up ^5 I 
Chop ( wn; ) n. ( pi. ) jews 5t? 

; one ' who has fat cheeks 'aC5»t5rt5»l1 
I — fallen =cast down SR551, 5®t"l » 
Choral or Cnnrak ( ) adj. belonging 
to a choir ifl5 51 C5l5l 4t| »Wnlhl » 

Chord ( 5^^ ) n. the string of a mu»cal 
instrument 5151515 ^5 ; harmonious, 

union of sound 5l5f5t5 5t^5 ; the 

straight line forming the segment of a 
circle 5^ C5rfr5l cm? « To 

tonch the right chord=5't -*14 55, 55I5 

5rtr5^ 5 I 

Chorus ( 5 '55* ) n. a band of singers or 
dancers 5155 5l *^5415155 C5t5l ; a part 
of song in which all the singers join 

5155 ^51, CW1515 I 

CbOQ ( 5^ ) a. an ornamental knot of ribbon 

cm ft»m Ti cst^w f»wi ftf I 


[ 121 ] 


Chough ( WJP ) f/. Tim? flC-iPl 

Chouse ( iS6t^8f7 ) ?». /. to cheat iiT 

#ir^ c^r I 

rhowry ( cWj’I^'1 ) ri. i 

C'hresloinalliy C c^>l{3C^lf^ ) //. .i ( olicciion 

(»('( h()i< r jKissagcs (5<^^ ^6^14 I 

Chrism ( fil*w^v ) «. c onscf rated oil, unction 
♦tfflJS C«»T, I - alory ^ 

&tr«J I - -mal rtr//. ♦ito >IV^?I I 
Chrisom ( ) >/. a white lohe t(vhe worn 

for a month by a child alter its ba])tisiu 

Christ ( ) H. the Anointed, the 

Messiali i Christendom 

n. the whole body of Christians 

I Christian 

I --name ^tt^r i 

—era I —science 

55«l^ ^t9t ^^1 a«Tl^ I Christianity 

*t't I - -cn i'. t. to baptise in tlie 

name of Cliirist »T^«1 

5jt'< I ianisc v. t. to convert to ( ihristi.iii- 
ity in^TIti^ 3t5?[ I —mas ( f®s;"5lt5; ) n, an 
annual festival in the memory of the 
Ihrth of Christ 

( » ) Christmas 

Card n. fsat 

>T^ T{5^s I — eve - --evening before' 

( 111! I 

— ophany n. appearance of Clirist to men 

Chromatic ( ^rsrlS'^ ) adj. relating to colours 
; musical semitones C^ltM 
I — tics n. the srienc c of colours 
*rlaf I —ate fi. a salt of 
chromic acid > 

Chrome «. a metal used in preparing 
colours Vv <(t^ I 

Chronic ( ), -cal adj. lasting a long 


lime, long continued ( as a disease ) 

5Tfsn^, ( 5T?4*t ) i 

Chronicle ( ) n, a record of events 

relating to time C'^dC^I 

t _ ( />/ ) 

, — r. / rrronl 

e| I ler a. hisir,i tan i 

Chronogram ( ) //. an inscription 

having the dales wi n ten in big letters 
c<?sirsti ?ti rpf^® «rr«fr^r^ 

Chronology ( t v. the scienre of 

time ■JPl'ii ; a register of 

events and dates l — gical 

adj. 1^>lti=5r ; fjrst.-JTf^ 1 — cally 

adj. ' -- logist Ji. 


Chronometer ( ) n. an instrument 

for measuring time tia’ ; a 

time])ie( c i 

Chloromycetin ( S5-^’5rf?rbR?H ) 

tf^vi I 

Chrysalis ( i (>r Chrysalid n. the 

sh(dl covering llie pupae of a butterfiy 

c<^h, n^. *9^1 ' pi- 

— Uses, - — lides ( fjQiinssil Jf^S's^'' ) i 

Chrysanthemum ( ) n. tw 

^21 I 

Chub ( ) Ji. a short and fat river ftsh 

vuPtti t —by adj. c«U§t^1, i 

—faced - plump faced C^tC^t-^'d I 

Chuck ( ') n. the call of a hen 

Tft® ; a gentle blow under the chin 
1 — V. i. 

*t«ff '<1^^ I ~"t' »• to touch 

the chin gently 

Chuckle ( ) C. O to laugh in a 

supprcssi'd manner 1 — 1>- h to call 

as a hen ; lo 

cat ess i 

Chum ( ) TL a chamber-fellow in a school 


[ 122 ] 


or college, an associate i — v. t. 

or V. i. to Jive and mess Avith another 
«rr^ I — my adj. sociable 

Chump ( ) n. the thiclc end of a pici c 

of wood C*T5 'St^r ; a blockliead 

; the head i 

Church ( ) 71 . a place of worship 

; the whole body i>r 
Christians i 

— V. t. to perform the giving of thanks 
in a church ^tf*f 

I — going=the act of going to 
church CUtisn i — 

C5rt?tt?&1 » — man-^a 

clergyman i — warden 

I —yard -a 

graveyard near the church 

i —militant 

I Established 

church *(’t- 
I As poor as a church mouse— 

I To go to church ^^1 i 

Churl ( ) H. an ill-bred fellow, a rustic 

'siTf®! co^t^, 1 — lish adj. 

rude, ill-bred, surly 

Chum ( ) n. machine for producing 

butter from milk cyst^H i 

— V. t. to agitate cream from making 

butter ^r«f I — V. i. 'Sth^R c^t^f i —ing 
n. the act of making butter i|t«R i 

—drill I Churn milk 

=’si«n cwt®T 1 

Chyle ( ) n. a white fluid formed from 

food in the intestine 

Chyme ( ) n. the pulpy matter formed 

in the stomach by digestion 

C’*rf^ «r^»r I —v. t chymify. 

Cicada ( ) n. an insect remarkable 

for chirping fifaff i 

Cicatrix ( ) or Cicatrice n. the 

scar of a healing wound ^1 ^1 

t%iT, tl!?^ C5tr^t^1 I — trise V. t. to heal a 
wound or ulcer by forming a new 
skin *t^ I — V. i. to heal ^ 

^^1 I — sation i 

Cicerone ( ) n. one who sliows 

strangers the objects of interest in a 
place, a guide C^^T^Tl ^ 

^^1 C2Tf^, 

I —V. i. act as a guide 
aT'H^ I — adj. Ciceronian, — nic. 

Cider ( ) n. drink made of fermented 


I —press n. CFfn^t 

n^1 ?l!S I —cup n. 'Slt^ 

C^t®1 ! 

Cigar ( ) n. a roll of tobacco leaves 

for smoking CWC^^ t -- -ettc ri. a small 
cigar > 

Ciliary ( — ated adj. having cilia or 

hair like lashes ^9rt»T, i 

Cimmerian ( ) adj. relating to the 
Cimmerii ( a fabulous tribe ) 


very dark c^'R i 

Cinch ( f&5P" ) n. a saddle girth 

I —V. i. 1 

Cinchona ( ) n. a kind of tree called 

Peruvian bark from which quinine is 
^Z<) t 

Cincture ( ) n. a belt 

ftr^1 C'^^ \ —V. t. to incompass 

C^, ' 

Cinder ( ) n. refuse of anything charr- 
ed by fire *il9rt^, i 

Cinderella ( ) n. a maid employed 

to clean kitchen utensils 

Cinema ( ) n. cinematograph theatre 


[ 123 ] 


c^t^n ^t<Rl ; 


Cinematograph ( fR^Ti::T?:iJt5rt«r ) n. an anima- 
ted picture machined for screen projec- 
tion, bioscope I Also 

Kinematograph, abbreviation Cinema, 


Cinerary ( ) ad/, pertaining to ashes 

Cinereal ( ) adj. gray like ash 


Cingalese ( feF:5Ffi^^" ) a native of Ceylon 

Cinnabar ( ) n.' Vermillion l 

— ic adj. I 

Cinnamon ( ) n. the bark of a tree 
used as a spice 
^t8T I 

Cinque ( ) /?. the number five as on dice 

“^15 ^3f1, ( ^1 ) I 

Cipher ( ) ) n. the figure ( o ) ; a 

person or thing of no value ?1 ^^1- 

^1 ; the initial letters of a 

name interwoven f^’tl 

'Sllf? '^U ; a secret 

writing ) i - -v. i. 

to perform sums in arithmetic ; 

to write in cipher 1^«t1 i Also 


Circa ( Fl^1 ) adv. and prep. about or 
around 'e^Ff'vSFf'ij 


Circean ( Ft^^K ) adj. pertaining to Circe 
of the Gieck Mythology 

Circinate ( Flf5i^§ ) adv. ring-shaped F^F1- 
I [hot.) rolled in- 
wards «rt^ CFtFl ; I 

Circle ( 6f^«T ) n. a plain round figure of 
one line, every point of which is equally 
distant from a certain middle point 
^IFtr^r ; an orbit ; 

persons of a certain society >fFtW, Wl ; 
a coterie C»ltF^- 

; a territorial division ^q»9T, 

I -—V. i. & V. t. to move in a circle 
F^sf CW, FI ; to incompass CFF1 I Dress 
circle:^ TtnF 

caff ‘ft I Upper-circle =:\9nF <rt^ 

I To argue in a circle^ 

fFC^1 5tFt«| 

Ff? ?PF1 

I To square the cir- 
cle CF^I I To run round in cir- 
cle- Flf^ I 

Circuit ( Ftf^^ ) n. the act of moving in a 
circle F3J»lF^tF ; space inclosed, extent 
5ftFl, ; a round made in the 

exercise of one’s duties WWF I 

To make a circuit to go round 
CFtFl I — tous ( 5tf%^F" ) adj. round about 

Circular ( Ftf^-^Ft?: ) adj. round 

F'QFtF^tF I — n. a note or order 
addressed to a number of persons FtFtF*! 

Ft ftfe i 

Circulate ( ) i'. t. to cause to go 

round mV4 

WtF^ I — V. i. to move round aFtF 5, 
WFlWt^ ? I — lation n. a passing round 
■aFt^, FF^ts^iF, aF^F, aFtF ; the sale or 
publication ol' a book or paper FFTf%, 
aF^F I — lalor aFlFF^' i 

Circumambulate ( Ft^t’S[>ii^’tai^ ) v. i. to walk 
round a^f^ff F^F I — lation n. 

Circumcise ( ) z>. t. to cut off the 

foreskin ^F ( CFTF FTtF ) I 

— sion n. F^FF i 

Circumference ( Fl^lFF^tlF’qs- ) n. the bound- 
ary line of a circle afFfF, CUF, CFF p 

compass CF^F, CFFF afFFt«l I ... 

Circumhect ( ) v. t. to mark with a 

circumflex ^^FtFFF CW I —flex n. 

^mFnF fsF ( CF:F a CF^n?1 fFF ) I 


[ 124 ] 


Circumfluent ( ) ailj. flowing 

round » 

Circumfuse ( ) v. /. if> pour 

around ; lo spread 

around f%^^| i - ed ndj. 

^tc»i 1 

Circurnadjacenf ( ) udj. lying 

on every sid<- b'lf^ i 

Circumlocution ( ) n. .an ol' 

speaking in a lound-ahout way 
^«r1, I Circumlocutory 

^r?pr?i-'^C5T>ni, csc^jbaq*!^! i 

Circumnavigate ( ) v. t. io sail 

round ^4 i 

— gation n. a5i«) i -- gator 

IK 1 

Circumpolar ( ; adj. situated 

ar</und liic pole C^f< 'Sl«f^'5 i 

Circumscribe ( Fi4d 5) i v. t. to enelos<- 3?t^ 1- 
^3t, ; tt) abridge i 

Circumspect ( ) adj. prudent, 

cauLious 'SH^i-ntE) ^«T1 i 

— tive ad], I spection ti. watt lilnl- 

ness ; I 

Circumstance ( ) n. something per- 

taining to an action, (‘vent, incident 
I — S (/(/.; ft. liu' stale ol one's 
affairs i 

— V. t. to ])Li( c in certain eireiimstance 
'5t<’^T''S C’isi'l I — taiitial adn. altonn- 
ding witli details, minute 
fw*l C^ICST. Cir- 

cumstantial evidence 

a^t*i I — tially adv. in every particular 

b1?, >ir«tc»f^ I —tials 
n. (pi. ) ineidcni i 

Under the circumstances 4tC4, vii^- 

nf^-'Stf^ I In good circumstances- 

Circumvallate ( ) v. i. to enclose 
with a rampart 3JT4, i 

— yahation n. a fortification ^ i 

Circumvent ( ) v. t. to dect'lve, to 

outwit ^^1 c^, I - tion n. 

I — ivc adj. deceiving i 

Circumvolution ( ) n. a rolling 

round C*14 I 

Circus f bl4d5" ) ;/. a ( iia nlar hnilding or 

plae(‘ lor the exhihition of gam<‘ 

C»l^llf9T h^, I 

Cirrus ( fb^lb^ ) n. the highest forni of 

( louds I —cirri fd. 

Cisalpine ( fb5“-vfli6l1^i{ ) adj. on this side ol 
the Alps tpUffl «|^1 I 

Cismarine ( ) on this side of the 

oeean I 

Cispontine adj. on tljis side* of lht“ bridge 
( L. (ds. ■• on this side,!. 

Cist ( fb^^ ) ft. a piehislorie stone eollin 

»i4i*ti4 1 

Cistern ( fbb'i)^*^ ) //. a, large reee])liie!e lor 

water, a reservoi? i 

Citadel ( fbci?c\5'?[ ) tt. a Ibnress i 

Cite ( b1?^) i'. i. U( summon to ajipear in 

court 55R ; to (pioie 'SCgtsif 

; to ttariM', to give 
instances itivi ; CH, l 

tion ( ) n. the af t of ([uoling 

; a snniitions i 

C itizen ( fbiC'C'^'it ) at, an inhahitant ol at ity 
; a Ireemaii 

'Sl'Sfi I ship ri. tli(‘ right of a < it i/.cn .21®^- 
^'5 ; I A citizen of the 

world a cosmojxditian 

Citron ( fb^^r) a(. a kind of lemon or its tree 

<T1 I ic adj. 

obtained from citron i 

— ^rinc ad/, greenish yellow^ l 

City (fbf5) n. a large town ®1iS4 b^4 I 

— Commissioners 

f3r^^it>i3js®T i Eternal 
city ^ « 1 31 5111? I Holy city - i 

The city or The city of London— 5nr4<f 


( *25 


it? I City of a hundred 
Towers I City of palaces i 

City of the prophet » City of tfic 

dead 1 Civic atij. pertaiipur^ to a 

city 5J1 C'^l^ I 

Civet ( f&rvtj^ ) n. a MiKilI rai iiivorous 

animal i 

Civics ( ) aflj. tlie sciciu r of citi/.tm- 

slup csit^ <1 

*tta I 

Civil ( fttf'SiiSI j iiilj. jx i lalulii^ («► No( iciy 
; rafiiKHl. i>olil(' 'Hr.T, ; 
sci:ular C<r)lf'T.«i* ; « nnuncrc ial 

C<9lC^’^1-3 i 

ian w. one <'Mi| »l<)y< tl in < 1 il |uo(’( vsinns 

I isc <■'. /, lo re. !aim Imm.i 

harharisrn Tf-^I -fot, y r,r^ < 9 rj-| , 

-ised adj. relin.vl >fra i isatioii n. 
of r.'lin.M) ViM5l, C^1 3 B^a:- 
^‘^«1 y*l I ity n. polit.aiess 

I - ly adv. 

politely ^*7 i 

court c»r'^1^'l I law C^riSt^l 

I service *li>R- 

vi^9|;q bt'T'^l’l I death >(t^lf 

i war ' li">< 

-si5rtvj4l^1 ^'Ib, »11>ia '^>(PT’ 

1 suit I 

( Civil il nj^pose.l In iia^jil, luililary eccle- 
siastical or criminal ) i 

Clack ( ) V. i. to tiiake a nnis<‘ as l)y 

striking *t=»f ^<1, I 

Clad ( ) fm. f. ik f>a. />. of Clothe. 

Claim ( cs^ ) v. t. to (hrmand 
VQS11 I - n. a (hanand 

I —able adj. that may be demanded 
C^lt^lT, I “-ant n. 

I To lay claim to 

Clairvoyance ( ) w. the alleged 

power of seeing things by supernatural 
influence cstr?<tl1 *ff^, 

t — voyant n. ^'4^- 

; on<' who sres things not ywesent 
to the sens<'s. 

(’lam ( CrkH ) 7-. /. to dog i 

my adj. .-Klhcsiv.' v£)^1-.4lfe 1 

ClamanI { ) ad], r;illl>ig Jihntd or 

<‘;irneslly ; 

51^1 t 

Clamber ( i. to climb with dilFi- 

culty 7f1? ) I 

Chiiiioiir ( CS'^ll'k ) !>■ -L loud oul.ry C^tbtay, 
fb.-‘l^'1-'’fl1'^H, 'typ: I I V. i. lo Tnak<- Jin ont- 
< ry ill demand C-rdbl-#) 

'5tf'^l 5> >rH ) oils adj. ®ili:‘n 

^fci ^>;| I l o clamour down 

fwsi l 6 I 

C’lamp ( C^t ) a. ao iloii or a wooden 
rjisleniiig C‘^t5l ‘tdid 

I 7'. I. to bind vvilli 
chiMips •HMijl 111^ <p <p4, 1 

Clamp ( ) a. heavy Ins'id 'nb'1‘1 I - v. t. 

to tread heavilv I 

Clan t C;3-M j n. ;i nmuber ol‘ I'aniilies under 
a diidiaio, a iribc, a sc. t I 

small 77. a mimberora clc.ii rd-UHl 
<: ' ■'*op V''& iR* P!?, 

<l”*l « 

C'iandestine ( ) adj. ( oik cjiled, sly 

'<3<9, I ly adj. C4C<I 


Clang ((d* ) V. i. to ynodiuo ji shrill sound 

Clank ( C^-SP^ ) V. I. or r. i. to iiKike a ding- 
ing .somul .IS by'- Ji ( luiin 

Clap ( C 5 P*t~ ) n. a noise niJide by striking 
two things together ; a slap 

Uisl I — 7 .’. t. to strike quickly, to 
pjil ; to 

fasten promptly «|^" 3pr?f ; to applaud 
with the hands 5t*tf^ *r»lt^ i — v. i. 

to strike the Iiands together ^T^lRl ^W1, 


[ 126 ] 


I —ping pa. n. 

— net n. a kind of net pulled by a string 
C«r<rf^ I — per n. one that claps 

) ; the tongue of a 
bell I — trap n. a trick to gain 

applause, empty words 

I At a clap 
I Clap eyes on=C^«[ ; ^1 i 
Claque ( ) n. a body of hired applauders 

^^1 I 

Claqueur ( ) n. i 

Claret ( ) n. a French wine of dark-red 

colour ^^6^51 I 

Clarify ( ) v. t. to make clear R*^5^ 

' — V. i. to become clear 
fk^9\ ^ I — fication n. i Clarified 

butter =R^ I 

Clarion ( CSPR?I*T ) n. a kind of trumpet of a 
shrill deal* tone Utt? i 

Clarionet ( ) «• a wind instrument 

of wood ^tft I 

Clash ( ) «, a noise, such as that of stri- 

king together of weapons 

*r^ ; opposition, conflict 

I — V. i. to dash noisily 
against «r1 ; to act in a con- 
trary direction ^*11 ^^1, ? I 

— ing n. act of striking against ; 

opposition, disagreement ^T*(1, i 

Clasp ( ) n. a hook for fastening 

; an eml^race «rtC'*r'f5:, 
i — V. t. to fasten with a clasp 
; to embrace 

^tR *t^ I er n. anything 
that clasps «f<5l ; a tendril 

I ■ — knife— a folding knife 

Class ( ) n. an order or rank of persons 

or things liir^ C^t^- 

; a division '0*1 ?[1 
R^t^n I — V. t. to arrange into a 

class C2t^ R^N I — V. t. to take rank 
? I —fellow —mate 
I —man Rt’JPt® ^^4 c^f^l 

I The classes— ^1 RfTw 
( ^PP- The masses ) i — ic n. an author of 
rank ; a standard work 

51^ I — ic, — ical adj. famous for literary 
merits mu ca^, «tv 

ca^'^ ; chaste I Cla- 

sical language i icism 

^«t1 I — -ify V. t. to form 
into classes R*( R«f ca4*t Ca4*f 

R'St'sr I — ific adj. —fica- 

tion rt. act of arranging into classes ca4^ 
R'St^, I Take a class-- 

Clatter ( ) n. a rattling noise 

I — V. i. to make a rattling 
noise ; to talk fast 

and idly i —ing n. i 

Clause ( ) fi. a part of a sentence 

; part of a contract, will do 

Claustral ( ) adj. of the cloister 
; secluded; ; narrow 

at#t4 t 

Clavate ( ) adj. club-shaped srift^ 


Claver ( ) n. a gossip i 

— rc i. ^«(1 I 

Clavicle ( ) n. the collar-ljone 


Claw ( ^ ) n. the liooked nail of beast or bird 
I — c. /. to scratch, 
to seize fbZ^-ti^ ^tR I To 

claw upon--=to flatter tjtijR ^a1, ^fs^lR 

cial I Claw hammer n. 

tt^R I Claw me and I will Claw 



Clay ( C?F ) n. a plastic earth 

; earth in general ?ltf^ ; 


[ 127 3 


the human body ^rl, CS^ i — ey adj. 

made or covered with clay ^71, 

I — ^isb adj.. of the nature of clay 
?i:^ I Wet one’s clay— to drink <f1 i 

Claymore ( C?FCirt?; ) n. a large sword 

Clean ( f\7[ ) adj. free from dirt 
; neat 

^9T, I —V. t. to 

free from dirt ^31, l 

—adv. fully, entirely 

'dwirni I — ly adj., adv. pure, 

neat i — liness fkm 

I — ing I Have 

clean hands 5 , 
5 I Make a clean breast 
of— to confess fully l 

To show a clean pair of becls=»lf^ 


Cleanse v. t. make clean 

Clear ( ) adj. pure 

tp^in ; briglu ; open C<rt^1 j 

free from obsiruction C^tC^I 
; transparent 

; distinct t — ly adv. distinctly, 
plainly ; 
quite I — V. t. to make clear, to 

free from obstruction 

C*rr^ «61 ; to settle 
5t?Fl ; to make profit a^T® He 

cltars five percent 

; to leap over ^1, 'W't’tsiTf^ 
^1 1 — V. i. to become clear or bright 

^ The weather dears 
up— • —age n. piece of 
land cleared ^tfiy ^rlt5 1 — ance n. 

act of clearing ^^*1 : a permit to 

the ship art^tW f??1 'sy^nyf^n® 1 

— headed adj. sagacious 1 —sigh- 

ted— I — eyed adj. discerning 

«Ptrl I —ing jt, ^fk^U WW 5ttF; 

?W1 »rft5, I Clearing 

house viim'iw 
4tt I —away rubbish ?r 1 ^ 1 

—off a debt=«ft^ ^ar, «n^ i —up a point 
— c^tr^i c’^rfr»it5i c?Pirsii 

ttftar I —the land ^Tf^r ^Tfl? 1 —out 
from this place =bc off vii^ 

^ I Clear the way=?tiJ 

I The coast is clear C^tf^n ^trl- 
?ytl I —away ; C’>rt «1 

CW^*t3l1 '»im^ ? I —goods 

I —Ship for action 

f^f^C'3 wt^W > 11 ^ I Clearance sale 

f^3pr I 

Line clear ^9T c^vf Tfsyt®^ f?lI1 
>rcT® I 

Cleat ( ) n. wedge; piece of iron or 

wood bolted on for fastening ropes ^ 

?Ft^ CWt^l f*f^1 C^lt^ I 

Cleave ( ) v. t. ( pa. t. Clove or Cleft ; 
pa. p. Cloven or Cleft ) to split, to divide 
^rptsi tFts^ I — V. i. to part asunder 

I — able adj. capable of being 
cleft I — age n. quality of spliting 

up naturally C^l^l 

H*! { ) I — cr n. one who or 

that which cleaves tFtC^ <1 tp«Tl 

; a butcher’s instrument 

I —ing n. tF»t1 ?r- i tn In a cleft 
stick I 

Cleave ( #r\y^ } v. i. ( pa. t. Cleaved or Clove ; 
pa. p. Cleaved ) to slick, to adhere 
C'ir1^1 C9|U^ i —Ing n. CW\A^ 


Cleek ( ) «• nn iron licadcd golf club 

csTi^rc^ 2 ti6 / 

— V. t. to seize ’«fT^r5^ «t< ; to hook 
61^1 I 

Clef ( CSP’^p: ) «. a t liaractcr used to show 
the key in music *!T^4 ^Z^U) 


Cleft ( ) ti. iin opening made by split 


[ 128 ] 


ting, fissure, a chink ( Also 

pa. t. & pa. p. of Cleave ). 

Clemency ( ) n. mildness, tenderness 
f ’ll I — ent n. gen- 
tle, mcrcirul I 

Clench same as Clinch. 

Clepsydra ( ) n. devi< e for measuring 

passage of lime l>y ine.ins of a giaduaied 
flow of water, ihrough an appertiire in 
a blow T'^srz:^ 

Clergy ( ) «. llu* minislcrs of il»e 

Gospel aTl^r^i I —man ' 

Cleric or Clerical ( ) adj. pertaining 

to a clergy or a clerk 

I Clerical error— 
■^Z^Z^ C9\Z^1Z^ ^^1 I 

Clerk ( ) ti. a clergyman n*t?rt'5f?r- ; one 

employed as a vsiiter for anotlun' in an 
office C^Z^^, I —ship 


Cleromancy ( ) ”• divination by 

casting lots i 

Clever ( ) adj. .'ible, skiiiul 

/ ness h. 

skill, dexterity i - Jy ndi’. 

in a clever maimer l 

Clew or Clue ( ) «• a ball of thread ^v}6*ytfj?, 

; anything serving to soKe a 


; the corner of a sail ts^rl^'^Sf^ 

I — V. 1. to coil up iriio a hall 
?ri I 

Cliche ( fjP^I ) n. verl)al formula, stereoty- 
ped expression ; c citch-v/oi d 


Click ( ) tt. a short sharp sound 

^'1 ; a latch for a gate 

l I — V. i. to make a sharp sound 
^ I (Slang), secure 

one’s object • 

Client ( ) t!. one who employes a law- 

yer *fC3t ; 

a dependent i —tele n. the 

whole body of supporters ^^1 


Cliff ( f^-ip ) ?/. a sieei^ '’1^^' ' 

— y adj. having sleep rocks <l< f«ftB 

Climacteric ( ) n. a ( ritieal 

period in human life happening some 
bodily ehang(‘- C4ltst1 >1^.^ >1^1^, 

I —adj. criti- 

( al i 

The grand climacteric tlu* sixty-third 
year of one’s life 25^3} 25577 | 

Climate ( the lamdltion of ( oun- 

iry 7‘i' place in rrs];)e( t of temperature, 
moisture, cti . I — fic or 

— tal adj. ix'iating to {liniate 
^^#1^ I tise see Acclamatise. 

Climax ( ) ji. tlK- highest point, acme 

; giadual ascent of a discourse 
mv cl5^ fwv^ 

^5ign?i I 

Climb ^ ; v. i. or .v t. tf> asMmd i)y 

using both hands and i'rei, to mount 
'5ttC23‘t I — er n. one who or 

that whicli climbs f?] :^'t ; 

creeper 3»t;5i 1 

Clime ( , iL a country, a tract 

311 t 

Clinch ( ) or C'lcnch ( ) v. t. to 

grasp tightly, to iasten on 

*R, TRtf< <t*t, «rni ( c^z^ ), 

5ttf% <(^ ( ) ; to rivet a nail 

I —n. something set fast 

— er ri. a decisive argument ^1^1* 


Cling (" t e. i. to adhere around CSfsrriftt^ 
it^ ; to stick close ; to shrink 

C#t& SCI I —p. 1. to attach »55T1, 


[ 129 ] 


; remain faitliful to ( habit^ idea, 
faith, friend) I (M t. & 

pa. p. clung ). 

Clinic, Clinical ( ) adj. pertaining to 

a sick bed I ■ — n. 

a patient confined to l)cd 

I — lecture instruction 

given to medical students at the bedside 
of the sick 

Clink ( ) n. jingling sound 

ijt *T4f I — V. t. or V. i. to jingle 

I — er n. the slags of iron 
furnaces I 

Clip ( ) V. t. to cut off ; 

debase a coin by cutting the edges 

; to 

cut short I — n. the thing clipped 

olT ‘4^1 ) I 

To clip one’s wings i 

Clip ( ) V. t. to hol3 fast C^ntsitf^ «t^, 

1 _;i. anything that holds firm 

*1^1 I 

Clipper ( ) n. one that clips 

^ti:^ ; a fast sailing vessel C^iTl 
‘^^9\ artel's? I 

Clique ( ) n. a party united for a 

purpose ?9T, cl^fTl 


Cloak, Cloke ( 3f’^ ) ti. a loose garment 

Wt^1, ; a covering ; 

a disguise or pretext I 

— u. t. to cover with a cloak, to conceal 
511 55^1 I — room-^C^tcsil ^rtw 

c«rr?n c^ttl I 

Clock ( ) n. a machine for marking 

time I — work— steady and well adjust- 
ed machinery ^1 I — tower 

I — wise ^ti»1 

\Z^ trftst I To tell the clock =’T’lTr 

^«f5Tl I 

Clod ( jp® ) n. a lump of earth tff%, I5*f^1 ; 

a siupid fellow 1 — v. t. or v. i. 

to pelt with clods 1 — hopper 

n. peasant ^51 l 

Clog ( 2S5T^ ) n. anything hindering motion 
^^^ 1 , Ci^ 1 , C®^ 1 , an destruction 

I — V. t. to obstruct 5tfv5 j 

to fasten a pic( c of wood to retard motion 
CW ; to cause olesti uc.tion by accumu- 
lating into a mass C^‘l& 1 — gy adj. 

sticky I 

Cloister ( ) n. monastery ^t 3 S^, 

; an enclosed place 
C'JTt’f'Tr? f^^^l I — ral or — fral 

Close ( jp’w- ) V. t. to shut \^ni, ; 

to finish I — V. i. ^ with ) to 

come to an end iT^Ttf ; to come together 
'015^ I — ri. a stop, the end 

C*1^ ; an enclosed 
place f?^1 C«I^1 tit I —adj. shut 

up, confined C^^l, ^^1 ; 

compact C^t^1, C«(nC«l*1*l?1 ; 

private ; intimate ; near 

f^t 5J1^ C^5T1 ; miserly i —adv. 

tightly ; nearly 

'6F^1-'€Bf^t’^, ^5*5 I Close-handed 
or — fisted— penurious ^^*1, 

I Close-bodied <1?1 1 

Close-grained \ Close-quarters 

I Close-season, Close- 
time = a senson closed by law against 
killing animals 

TTSf^ I Close-tongued = 5T^^^ I 

To close in upon='3rfap^«f 1 With closed 
doors - nr I A close contest =^>I?ltr^ 
51TS[tr^ I At the close of=ni^' 3 ^ 1 

Draw to a close n^ 1 To close ranks or 
files %^1t I To close 
with — to accede to n*5rj 5, ^rtf% ^ 1 Close 
the bargain — ^1% 1 Close 

the file=5ifn 311 I Close the 

door behind ='5itrtir^ wnt5 1 


[ 130 ] 


Close the eyes— ^ i Come close 
Ftf^ I The court is closed 
^1 It is a closed day^«ftfw 'Sltfw 
I It is a close way==:<ii^:iM 
I It is close at hand==vii|j^1 
^85?r\5 'srtr? I There is a close relation 
between them=-f^^^ «rf^i >1"*^#, 

1 Keep it close to you^ 
I It is a close 

translation ^ \ 

Closed electric current or circuit 

5f»I <»r?jr) fij^ar^ I 

Closure ( ) n, the act of closing 

^^•1, I 

Closet ( ) n. a small private room 

; a privy 

« —V. t. to conceal ^t’»r ( pa. p. 

closeted ). 

Clot ( ) n. a mass of soft matter coagu- 
lated I — V. i. to coagulate 

CitT& Iff?, I — ty adj. 

CS^^-C5^^ I —ted hair =w’^1 » 

Clot ^wr-nl, w«rr^4 i 

Cloth ( ) n. a woven material used as 

covering for the body i — of 

state ~ canopy ; (pi. Cloths). 

Clothe ( ) V. t. ( pa. t. & pa. p. 

clothed or clad ) to provide with 

clothes, to dress fniFl, C^5t^ 

fW^1 I — es ( ) n. { pi.) garments 

>frsr, cnt^t^, f^w\ > 

Vo clothe in words i 

I / clothe on or upon— to cover, to invest 
I — ing n. 

garment >ltW, C^TlFt^jr I Clothes brush = 

Cloud ( ) n. a mass of collected vapours 

in the atmosphere ; anything 

that obscures like a cloud 
iU^it< l>tf^ I — V. t. to darken with 
clouds '6?l1-C'>Tt5n ^U<\, I 

— V. i. to become clouded ®1^1, f. 

I — €d=darkened 

ift'ff «f5Pl I — y adj. covered with clouds 
car^tB^tT ; gloomy, obscure 

?tif «(^1 I —less adj. 
clear I — iness n. state of being 

cloudy « — burst 

I Under a clouds in 
trouble Tl i Wait till the 

clouds roll by =^t»r i 

In the cloud =5js^sTl ^twi^ i To be under a 
cloud 5 I 

Clough ( ) n. a. ravine ^ sjtW-f 


Clour ( ) n a knock or a swelling 

caused by it ^»n 


Clout ( ) n. a patch ; 

a blow ^*»rl I — V. t. to mend with a patch 

Clove see Cleave. 

Clove ( SFt®" ) n. Indian spice l 
Cloven ( CffrSTl ) adj. divided CWta1- 

•T^l'tTl I Cloven-footed or hoofed CiTWCl 

’5(^1 «rspi I 

Clover ( ) n. a kind of grass I 

To live in clover 
^ I 

Clown ( ) n. a rustic ; a buffoon 

^If91 I — ish adj. like a clown 

W<1^1 I — nishness n. i 

To play the clown ^t'G C*r i 

Cloy ( jpi^ ) ». t. to fill to satiety, to satiate 

cIntJii n»ii, c*i& <n i 

Club ( JFl^ ) n. a heavy tapering stick 
VUVTC*! ; a suit 

at cards Cn9\^ ; 

an association for social, literary and 
political ends ; a place or house as 
a common resort >rwl ; combination 
*f»r, c«rfnl TI i —v. t. to beat 

; to combine C^1(Tl, C«rini i 

— p. I to unite ’Cl, m 


[ 131 ] 


I — footed adj. having a deformed foot 
^ I -—law n. 

I —headed i Indian 

club=^^ f 

Cluck ( SFtf ) n. the call of a hen 

>lt® I —V. i. 

■r^f ^ I 

Clue see Clew. 

Clump ( jFt"»T~ ) n. a short and thick piece 
of any unshaped thing ‘Jflij sraTCirUl 
ffl? 5*1^1 ; a cluster of trees 

cwTni f5t^l ^5iT»Tf¥^ c«rt*f i 

— y adj. cwtr*ft?l, FW-'enn? t —v. i. to 
walk heavily C^tt I —v. t 

C^m ^ I 

Clumsy ( SFts{fw ) adj. awkward ^Tf^Wl, 

Wif^, I — 3ily aiv. i 

Clung pa. t. & pa. p. of Cling. 

Cluster ( ) n. a group; a bunch 

C^*n, c«rfi>1, CWt*n ; a crowd Wt^ I — &. t. 
to collect into cluster ^STfl^ C^rTTI ^ ; 
C«rr^ I — V. i. to grow together C'lt’H 

«n I 

Clutch ( SFtW" ) V. t. to gripe, to grasp, to 
hold firmly 35(fejrrr^ <R i 

— n. a grasp trtrsrts I (/?/.) — es=thc 

hands, claws i In the 

clutches i 

Clutter ( ) n. a noise, a confusion 
I — V. i. to crowd 
together, to go about in a disorderly 
manner ’•ftt ^1 l 

—V. t. to pack I 

Co ( ) an abbreviation for Company C^t* 

) ; a common prefix 
signifying jointness ^It^T ■PIR SRt^ 

Coach ( ) n. a large closed four- 

wheeled carriage ; 

a tutor sr¥^1 I — v. t. to convey in 

a coach irf^t C^r ; to prepare others 

for an examination etc. if^l ^1 

nftipl frr f»T^i i 

— box=srtfh5 ' —horse 

&5T1 I —man 

/ — office=a booking office 
cwi I —stand W 

I To drive a coach and six through an 
act^^l^st I 

Coact ( ) V. t. to compel ^<(1 i 

— action n. compulsion 

I — active adj. obligatory 

Coadjacent ( ) adj. contiguous 

Coadjutant ( ) adj. helping each 

other I — ^jutor n. assistant 

I ( Fem. Coadjutress, 

Coadjutrix ). 

Co-agent ( ) n. 0^13*1^ ^ 


Coagulate ( ) v. t. or v. i. to 
curdle, to congeal 

br tita, tra^n \ — lable,— lative,— latory 
adj. ^ 1 — lation a. C'Hl^ 

I — lum n. I 

Coal ( ) n. a solid black substance used 

as fuel ; cinder 

I — V. t. to supply \Vith coal ^5^1 

v—v. i. I— field ^Z9\U^ 

CiT»T ^1 I Coal-mine i —tar 

I Coaling station = 
wt^'fsf^ ^3^1 C»11^1 '51tt55l I Blow the 
coals == to excite i Carry coal 

to Newcastle = to take a thing to a place 
where it is not needed ?r’l5 ’^tb^ 

C^y I 

Haul over the coals— to scold i 

Heap coals of fire on the head=f5?.^5p^ 
^1% c?wt^ I 

Coalesce ( ) v. i. to unite into 

one body ^ i — scence n. 

union CTt^, I — scent adj. 

uniting iT^STl, I 


[ 132 ] 


Coalition ( ) n. act of uniting 

; alliance 
7rr*;aTf'r1%^t^ f^»i i 

Coarse ( ?r*^* ) adj. rough, harsh ’*15^1, C^lt&h 
VGC^KI-C^jtc^t^l, ^fnl» ; rude 

I — ly adv. l 

—grained I 

Coast ( ^’5'^ ) n. border of land next the sea, 
the seashore *\U, 

^♦f^o*T I — V. i. to sail near a coast 

w.'ii *41 1 —V. t. N 

I — er n. a vessel sailing 
along the coast ^*4^^ Wt^tW I 

— ing n. sailing near land 

—line n. a shore line i 

— wisc^along the coast l 

Coat ( ) tL a kind of wellknovvn 

garment ; any covering 

^1 ; the hair of a beast 

; a rnernbiane ^I’^tWt^, 

; a layi;r as of paint C^I'S, l 

— t. lo co\ er C31S CW ; ( 

I — ing n. a covering C®!'^ I 

— of alms --.- arnioi ial devices 
fF4 I — of mail 

C5i«^1 I Turn one's coat — to change side 

or ])i in( i])l(;.s 4=1 ^1 >f9l1 I 

To cut the coat according to the cloth— '5|t?r 
I To dust one’s coat=^aj5t5t 

I To turn one’s coat=tf?[ | j© 
wear the king’s coat i 

Coax V. t. to persuade by flattery, 

to sootlie, to pet 

— er «. I — ing w. 

Cob ( ) w. the spike of maize 

'Ot ; a short and strong hoise ^^?r1 
C^t^l ; a male swan il^l f^9l1v5^ I 

Cobalt ( sjy-^1c^; ) n. a metal i 

a blue pigment prepared from meteoric 
stones ^^1 I 

Cobble ( <1^^ ) n. a round stone 
f^lf5 C^t^l ^^?f1 f»t9t \ 

Cobble ( ) V. t. to mend coarsely ( as 

shoes ) ) l 

— n. a small fishing boat ^V6 i 

—bier n. one who mends shoes 

Cobra ( ^’-3rl ) «. a very poisonous snake 
c^1^i ^tn I 

Cobweb ( ) «. a spider’s net or web 

si^sjl <^1ci ; a device to entrap ; any- 
thing flimsy oi- obscuring 

Cocaine ( ) n. a preparation from ihe 

leaves of Coca tree wliich produces in 
sensibility i 

Cocagne, Cocaigne or Cockaigne ( ) n. 

an imaginary country of delight and 

pleasure CT»T I 

Cochineal ( ^%f^r?r«T ) n. a dye stuff obtained 
from certain insect ?5^1 


Cock ( ) n. the male of birds especially 

of the domestic fowl "iiSI ^^^1, ^'71 5^1 1 ; 
a strutting chief ; a 

weather cock ; a 

tap 71^ f??n fe»l1 ; 

lock of a firearm C^1^1 ; a pile of 

hay I — v t. to set erect 

; to pull back the lock of a gun 

W ; to set up '^4^ «(^1 Tl fngn I 
— V. i. to strut I — y ad/, im- 
pudent I — crow 

or — crowing = 7 early morning 5ltf^- 

I — fight==a 

cock match l — ^pit — an enclosed 

space where cock fighting is held ^^1 
; a frequent fighting ground 
— ed hat--=a three cornered 
hat • — eyed=C^5l1 i — tail = 

an untrained race horse 

Of^il af[\^ I —sure adj. 


[ 133 ] 


quite sure I —boat n. a 

small boat \ —loft n. a 

room in a house next the roof 

I Cock of the walk-- 
I Cock and bull story ^«I1, 
I Cock-a-hoop— C^\s*nf^ 

I Cock of the school 

I That cock won’t fight 
C5t«rtf5^ I 

Cockade ( j n. a knot of ribbon worn 

on the hat I 

Cockatoo ( ) n. a species of parrots 


Cockatrice ( ) n. a fabulous serpent 

Cocker ( ) v. t. to fondle, to pamper 

; «t®l ^iff I — n. a small 
dog 'y\^ ! 

Cocket ( ) n. a certificate from the 

custom house 

w r®fTi I 

Cockle ( ) n. weed among corn 

; a shell-fish »T1^^ l —v. i. 

to wrinkle C«^t*n l? i — brained - 

c^^i, I 

Cockney ( ) ;/. a townsman ^tsp^TlTn 

one born in London i 

Cockroach ( ^3J»’B6; ) n a kind of beetle 


Cockscomb ( ) the crest of a cock 

W ; a fop I the name of 

certain plants 
^•15^ I 

Cockswain see Coxswain. 

Coco, Cocoa ( ) n. a plam tree pro- 

ducing coco-nut or cocoa-nut 

I Coco-nut I 

Cocoa ( ) n. the seed of the chocolate 

tree vflf^sj ) i 

Cocoon ( ) n. the sheath spun by the 

silkworm <1 C^l&l i 

—ery n. oifT c^t^l ilt i 

Coction ( ) n. the act of boiling or 

cooking fJTrwtTi ^1 ' 

Cocktile adj. hardened by fire 

<n c*tt^i I 

Cod, codfish ( ) ”• ^ 

sea fish ; a husk 

CBtr^t<1 I Cod-liver oil-^®:-'5l'tw^ 

^^1 I 

Coddle ( ) V. t. to fondle 

I — n. a pampered being 
511^5 I 

Code ( ) ri. a digest of laws ; a system 

of rules I 

— ify t. to reduce to a code 

I — telegram 

I — ification n. i 

Codex [ ’?riC^=5I ) n. a manuscript ; 

“^raf I pi. Codices. 

Codger ( ) n. a mean fellow I 

a queer old fellow I 

Codicil ( ) 71 , supplement to a will 

Codilla ( ^'hm ) n. ^1 ^t^T, 

cm^^^ I 

Co-eds ( ) n. ( Slang ) co-educaticn 

Coefficient ( ) n. that which co- 
operates with another thing ^ ; 

{Math. ) a factor I 

Coequal ( ) adj. equal with another 

c»it^ I — lity 


Coemption ( ^P’-vUvr-SR ) n. the purchasing 
of the whole of a commodity C^tC*11 

Coerce ( ) v. t. to compel, to restrain 

by force ^t<f7 ^4, 

^ I — cion n. restraint, forcible 


xfTm I — cive adj. compelling 
'5r^^*T^, I — ly adv. 

by force I 


t 134 J 


Co-essential ( ) adj. partaking 

of the same essence 
'••R I 

Coeval ( ) adj. of the same age 

I —n. 

Co-exist ( ) v. i. to exist together 

^Z^ I —tence n. W I 

Co-extensive ( ) adj. equally 

extended i 

Coffee ( ) n. a drink prepared like 

that of tea by infusion of the powdered 
seeds of the coffee plant i — berry 

, —house c»rr^l^ i 

—pot c<ft?n f^nrr»ii i 

Coffer ( W ) n. a chest for money or 
treasure «fiT cm*l cn?1 i 

Coffin ( ) «• a chest for a dead human 
body ^t| I To drive 

a nail in one’s coffin =c^5Tc^ Ti 


Cog ( ) n. a tooth on a wheel 

I —V. t. to stop a 

wheel by putting something before it 

^1 C«W1 f? 5^t«f I — wheel =a toothed 

wheel i 

Cog ( ) V. t. to cheat, to wheedle Of, 

I — n. deception ^315^1, l 

Cogent ( ) adj. forcible, convincing 

«R9l, I — cy n. 

power, urgency "iftp i 

Cogitate ( ) v. i. to meditate, 

to ponder f5^ «flt^ i 

— tation n. deep thought vf^sf 1%V1, • 

— tative f^«T>?l»r, »lirl i 

Cognac ( ) n. ^'€\ i 

Cognate ( ) adj. of the same 

family, related by blood 
<rr^»iin, ; ( opp. Agnate ) 

Cognation W9W i 

Cognisable ( ) adj, that may be 

known ; liable to be tried 

or investigated f^Ff? W, 

fSrfifos o^r^— Cognisable 

case=i»t*ft»f^^ C3TtC^tFtt^ ^fk\zw. 

^fk^ *1^1 osrt^^^n, ^fk[w. 

CVt55J4f?n I — sance — zance ( ) n. 

knowledge W08?, ^W, ; judicial notice, 

jurisdiction «il»rf^1, ; a 

badge Ft^f^t^ I 

Cognisant ( ) adj. having knowledge 

of WtH I 

Cognition ( ) n. certain knowledge 

^w, wt® fk^i'^, 1 

Cognomen ( ) n. a nickname ^n^Wl 

Cohabit ( ) v. i. to live together as 
husband and wife ^I'sn 

^Z^ «ft5F I — tion WIJTfW I 

Co-heir ( ) n. joint heir 

>11^ vS^tflF I 

Co-here ( ) v. i. to stick together, 
to be consistant »itf^ ww n, 

I — rence n. a sticking together »llf% 
It3r*i, union of 

parts I Coherent adj. connected 

consistent fil*l i — ly 

adv. ' 

Cohesion ( ) n. act of uniting together 

* 1^1 ^ 

nn »ifv, i— she 

adj. sticking into a mass, having the 
power of uniting C^^1) *f4l, 

I Cohesiveness n. W i 

Coif ( ) n. a tight cap ’Cft 

I -^v. t. to cover the head 

fn^: i 

Coiflfeur ( ) n. a head dresser 

TTt«f ^zf\^^ I 

Coign ( ) n. a projecting corner 

^1W *14^1 ^1*1 1 Coign of 

vanti^e=an advantageous position ^ 0*1 



t 135 ] 

Coil ( ) V. t. to wind into a ring 

®rt<rtf^ ; to twist ^ I — n. a rope 

or wire which has been gathered into a 

ring ^1 ; 

tumuit noise Wapt^l i Coil up= 

csr^r ), «rr^ t Mortal 

coil = trouble of human life Waft^T, 

^*rrf% I 

Coin ( ) n. piece of metal stamped as 

money ^;n, 5tn 

^ err*! I —V. t. to stamp metal 
c^t*i ’Bitr? 5t*r m?, ; to 

make or invent ^f^1, • — ing n. 

minting ^1 ; 

\ — age n. the act of coining 

money ‘JfBJt ; fabrication of something 
newly >ltfw l 

To pay a man in his own coin— 

^ esz^ enz^ 

C'f \ Coinage of words » 

Coincide ( 5P’^JT6t^®7 ) v. i. to agree faar ^ ; 
dto fall in with »lt& >^Z^ ^ i — dence 

n. agreement CWt^l i 

the occurrence of an event at the same 
time with another arsn’vP 

^ »ji^ ^^1 1 

— dent adj. I 

Co-inheritor ( ) n. joint-heir 

I — tance n, 


Coir ( ) n. the fibre of the cocoanut 

Coition ( ) n. sexual intercourse 


Coke ( ?p*^ ) n. fuel obtained by heating 

coal '5f1*ftcnt^1 I 

Colander, CuUend ( ) n. a vessel 

having holes in the bottom used as a strainer 
I eolation n. act of straining Cf ^1 

Cold ( ) adj. not hot C5FI, ; 

spiritless f5r¥^»rtft, c^tTW^i, ; 

reserved ; unfriendly 

C‘t|lT^1 1 — n. absence of heat, coldness 

; a disease caused by cold 

I — ly adv. without 
warmth i — blood- 
ed = without feeling i — ^bloodedly 

I —hearted f^TJRfW^r, 
csftr^^l I To take cold, to catch 
cold=nt^ »1TI I In cold-blood 

I Throw cold water = to dis- 
courage i Cold weather == 

i Cold-war i 

Colic ( ) n. a pain in the bowels 

Collaborator ( ) n. an associate in 

labour tur^atc-jf I 

( mf^T ^srt^ i ) 

Collapse ( ?»rai^n5^ ) n. a falling away ^*1, 
ci^rn^i nn i 

— V. i. to fall together, to break down 
n?, ; to lose heart 

<rf^ Tl I — lapsable, — lapsible 


Collar ( ) n. something worn round 

the neck 

Ti «rm c^^z^^^ >rfw i —v. t. to put 
on a collar >rtW f*W1 ; to capture 

*ff » Collar beam=^f% i 
Collar-bone i 

Collate ( ) v. t. to examine and com- 

pare fimt 

), C^t^tf^l ; to present to a bene- 
fice it*iR ^C«il ; to gather and pdace 

in order ^ C#trtt 

\ — ation n. act of collecting 

rnn cumf^ ; a 

repast W*f*rt5t ; a gift to a benefice 

«!t51 I — ator n. one who collates 
>Ttartf ^ I — lative adj. 

Collateral ( ) adj. being side by 

side •fsrhs'lf^, ; corresponding 

I — relations =wtf%, 


[ 136 ] 


dence^?[tCi^ a^ltl i — security^ 

'Sftf^ I 

Colleague ( ) «. an associate in office 

I — V. i. to unite 
^ ; to conspire i 

Collect ( ) v. /. to bring together, to 

assemble ^“^1, ^’51^ to raise 

subscription ^ ; to 

inter ' — v. i. to accumulate 

\ 1 Collector n. one who 
collects money ; 

the officer of a district collecting revenue 
I — roate=the Revenue 
office I Collection n. any- 

thing collected ; the money collec- 
ted '51teft5 I — tive 

adj. formed by gathering ; 

) I — tively adv. in a 
body f^f^, 1 To collect one- 

self =t 5 ^ <*T1 I Collectivisation n. 

vHC^5T ; 3pft^1 Ctf»T^ 5t^5T 

^z9\z^ '^'^u 


CoUege ( ^Cot'ss^ ) n an assembly >1«1, ; 

a seminary of learning, an institution 
'e<f «itn^ I Collegian n. 

a member or inhabitant of a college 

I Collegiate adj. pertaining to a 

college '0<f ^1"^^ I 

Collet ( ) n. the part of a ring in 

which a stone is set 

Collide ( to dash together 

^ 1 , I 

Collier ( ) n. one who works in a 

coal-mine ; a 

ship to carry coal 1 

Colliery ( ) n. a coal mine 

«ff^, I 

Colligate ( ) v. t. to bind together 

vi|C^f[iT I 

Collingual ( ) adj. speaking the 

same language »i):^ I 

Collision ( ) n. clashing, conflict 

C^^1, 1 

Collocate ( ) v. t. to set in order 

Collocution ( ) n. mutual discourse 

Colloquy ( ) n. mutual discourse, 

conversation i 

Colloquial adj. used in conversation 

C^191, I — lism 

= cxpression used in familiar talk 
^1 ^«I1 1 

Collude ( ^5^ ) V. t. to conspire in a 

fraud 5ait« i 

— llusion ( — ^ 11 . a six’rct agreement 
to deceive, deceit 

C^t'n I —sive adj. deceitful 

n;s1, I -ly adv. 

'^U I 

Collyrium ( ) n. a kind of eye-salve 

or eye-wash 
^’»T1 1 

Coiocynth ( ) «■ tt kind of purgaiivc 

C^t^l I 

Cologne ri. a jjci fumed liquid 

I Eau de-cologne 
C^t9!l ^•i\f^ If I 

Colon ( ) n. the lower pa'-t o^' intestine 

C»T^ I 

Colon ( C5t5T»!st ) n. the mark (:) 

515^1 fb^T I 

Colonel ( ^C®Tc=T ) n. tlie commander of a 
regiment ^Z^9\ bt?t?, 

1— cy n. 1 

Colonnade ( ) n. a range of columns, 
or a row of trees ^'1 »T1'41 I 

Colony ( ) n. a settlement in a distant 

country, a body of persons who form a 
settlement in another country 

^nr^c^»r, c*r»T^n^i ^U 


[ 137 ] 


I — nial adj pertaining to 
a colony ^tSFI *^^1 ^tWI^ I 

— nist n. an inhabitant of a colony 

C’lT^ I — nise v. t. to plant a colony 
in SI, ^ » — isation n. 

act of colonising I 

Colophon (^sr-5I^5T) n. ^^"5 

CST^il Jltsi-irrsi I 

Colophony ( ) n. | 

Colossus ( ^®T6tf> ) w. a gigantic statue 
<21^1 0 ^fs I — sal adj. gigantic 1 

Colostrum ( ) n. the first milk of a 

mammal ‘*TfS? i 

Colour ( ) n. a property of light, hue 

; appearance 

; a pretext, false show, guise 
; kind ' Colours (/>/.) 

a flag t«W1, ; paints c?t5f I — 

V. t. to dye, to stain C<t^i ; to ex- 
aggerate I 

— V. i. to l:) i — rable adj. 

designed to conceal C^t^- 

I Coloured adj. having a colour 
C?TC»it?n I — blind 
^!8>4 Cstttf I — less = transparent ^P^- 

I Colouring = act of dyeing 
C^tca^tai ^tsr I A person of colour. Coloured 
people --'Bi trip ^1 fsican I Primary 

colours ---^91 51591^^^1, C3It6~?nTl ) » 

Secondary colours i Water- 
colours >I9ffsT I 

Change colour^ ip, 9it^ »ft4r, 

^tC5rt9y| I To come out in one’s true 

f^sf «t^ I To desert one’s co!ours=to 
abandon one’s duty 5 • 

To fight under false colours 

^4 I To stick to one’s colours = 
>it5 ^1 ?9f c;;t 4 I Under colours of^ 
under the pretext of C15^^ F9T ^9T i 

Without colour i To give colour 

to:=7^tf^ I To strike one’s 

colours I To see things 
in their colours =«:tF9T ^fw <11 i To 

paint in bright colours 9t^t^ ^’tfl ^ i 

Colt ( ) n. a young horse c^t4tC<lt2Tf^ ; 

an awkward person i — tish adj. 

like a colt, frisky, wanton I 

Colter’ Coulter ( ) n. ^t9Trsn?1 c^iT^ 
^t*l^ 1 

Columbine ( ) adj. of or like a dove 

• — n. a genus of plants 

^9T ; the heroine of a pantomime 

Columbary, Columbarium n. dove cot or 
pigeon-house <lt4? ^W1 ; ^41 


Column ( ) n. pillar 

; a body of troops in files ^9^3r 

; a row of lines in a book in a perpen- 
dicular division A^ 

Colure ( one of the two gi*eat 

imaginary circles intersecting each other 
at the poles C^t?1 


Coma ( ) n. stupor ^1:515^ 

; a tuft cwtcntcl C’^t’Tl, C^tfi I Coma- 
tose adj drowsy C&t’ff^-iT-^Tl, ; 


Comb ( ^ ) n. a toothed instrument for 
clearing hair, wool &c. ; the crest 

of a cock W ; the collection of 

cells for honey i — v. t. to dress 

with a comb I — ings n. 

( pL ) hairs combed off fttrl 


Combat ( a si niggle, a fight 

CtfTl I — V. t. or V. i. to fight ’§[’w ; 
to oppose, to contend ^T*f1 l 

Combatant n. one inclined to fight I 

— -tive adj. I 

Combine ( ) v. t. to unite, to join 

together C^T< 91^1, *• 



[ 138 ] 


come into close union 

1 — nation n, ?»T, ^Tf^, »ii^- 

I Combination-room i 

Combust ( ) adj. burned by the sun 

'ftK I ~v. t. I — tible adj. 

liable to burn n^1, ^1 I 

— n. n^1 3?^ I — bustion n. a 

burning *r%, i — tive adj. liable 

to take fire fHl *1^1 i 
Come f ) V. i. ( pa. t. came ; pa. p. 

come ) to move toward this place, to 
draw near, to arrive at 'STt?, 'Q»T1 ; to 
happen ^ ^1 ^ i — ^ing n. approach, en- 
suing I Come what may = Ctrl 

I — about = to happen 5 i — across = 
lo meet ts\% nl, ^ i — at=to reach 

*(1, ‘*Tl • — between=to intervene 

irtW^ I — by=to pass, to come near 
^1, ^65^ ; to obtain «T1 I — down 

upon C^, \ —down 

with « —high or low 

?ttrctrf5 1, ^1 ? I — ^home to=( c^tr^l 

^ »rt5T I — in=to enter, 
to yield I t — In for 

1%Ti ^ut9\ 'sit-n tn iTtf% \ — of= 
to spring from, to descend from 
«r^ as He comes of a respectable family 
=C’®^ trVH I — off = to escape, 

to come away trl, tfl, trl i — out 
=to depart from ^sarl ; to result tjfiT- 
; to be published I I 

— out with=totcll ^•Tt, ^ I — over=to be- 
fall ^ ; to surpass ^ \ — o’ will 

'5(Trnttn cit^1 ; W|^1 I —round 

=to happen in time ^ 

vU?|s ♦fw vaf% •T'tr •! ; to recover 

^ Wt^T a1 I — short = to fail, to be 
deficient C^tCWt^l 1 1 —short 

of=^f^^t^ ^ I — to— to amount to 

5 ; to obtain altl ; to consent ^ ; 
to recover from a swoon C^*T *T1 i — to 
bl 0 W=f^t^f«! I —to Jlght n? I 

—to terms=^% firaT ^ i —to the point 
==^Far «rf| i —to grief=<«3| ^1, 

CWf5| at I — to pass = to happen ^ \ 
—true %1 wt?t, Vff^ I —under =to be 
included ^ | i — upon = to attack 

TftPl — up with = to reach 

ara <rai i May I come in, Sir ! = 
^tw4^Tl ! c^rfSTT^ atr^W ? How did he 
come by it ? = fa ^ulclt c^c^tb^s atca V I will 
see, when yon come in my way^c^rt? 
af%ca 111 nl ^1| 

car’ll I He is a new-come ^cts^d 
c^'d lutta <5rff|n i 

Comedy ( ) n. a humorous dramatic 

piece i Comedian n. a writer 

of comedies C*frJiahl1 C»r<l^ ; an actor 

Comely ( ^t'Sjfa ) adj. pleasing, handsome 

tsjap, t Comeliness n. i 

Comet ( ) fi. a heavenly body with 

a tail I —adj. Cometary, 


Comfit ( ) n. a dry sweet-meal T5?j5t^ 


Comfort ( ) n. ease, relief, consola- 
tion • 

— V. t. to relieve from pain or distress, to 

I — table adj. enjoying or giving 
comfort C^TCSTI arf^akT^t 

atfWR^^s, I — tably adv. ^ar?l, 

c^U'^ ’wTa^ta i — ter— 

one who comforts ; the Holy 

spirit a^a ^tVI ; a long woolen neck- 
wrap aat^Wl I Job’s comforter 
icarjf c<w\H cafli ^ i 

Comk ( ) adj. rdating to comedy, 
droU Itft C5tal, i —cal 

adj. funny I Comi- 

qoe ( ) n. a comic actor C*fC^l1 
«rrtrflTl I 


[ 139 ] 




Comity ( ^far(!> ) n. civility ^ 

®t»r I Comity of nations =«rt^ (?P*f? 

c«pt^ c?*r« 

^ 537^1 1 

Comma ( Wl ) n. the point (,) noting 
a division of a sentence ^?r! t%9 i Inverted 
Cornmas^^^ ( “ ” ) i 

Command ( ) v. t. to order, to 

direct ; to have within 

control *^Wt^ \ — v. i. to 

have authority \ \ — n. order, 

injunction, authority *^*<^1, 

I — dant n. commanding officer CVR1- 
'e*Rt5 'Brn:Tr«r 1^1, i 

' n. a naval officer under a captain 

1 Commander in chief =«i«rt^ C^RV 

I Commanding adj. fitted to 

control or impress *Tt3R? 'en 

( <nffV^n»r m ti wr wrvRi ) i 
ConunandiBeiit n. a command, a precept 
of the moral law ^TtlVRr, i 

Comnumding view —a view that can be 
taken to a great distance ?rij- 

enn I At Command 

Wl ; J On 

command = under orders STt’Q \ 

The officer in conimand=(R^ '6»rr® 
'BinT’V tif ORtnf^ I Ten 

commandments ^ 

Commemorate ( )v.t, to celebrate, 
to preserve the memory by some public 
act cn»rRt»r 

^tl^RR fsrftiC'a 3^ ^ I — able 

'WfWtiTJ \ — ratkm n. a solemn 
ceremony in memory of a person or 
thing C^TW1 ^^9 Tl f%f5( i — rative adj. 

( ) 0 . i. to begin, to 

originate f , 9. i — v. t. to begin 

I — ment n. beginning 

i To commence M. A.= 
^‘‘Ttfir *T I From the commencement = 


Commend ( ) v. t. to praise, to recom- 
mend ^ ; to give 

into the charge of i —able adj. 

worthy of being praised, laudable 
c^t^, i — dation 

n. praise a»r^>n, i — datory adj. 

containing praise i Commend 

me to = kindly remember me to 
5p1^ C9U ^«n 

1%^ I 

Commensal ( ) adj. messing together 

I — n. a mess- 
mate C*lt^ I ( L. com. = together ; 

mensa= 2 L table. ) 

Commensurable ( ) adj. having 

a common measure >rt«rR*l 'sjy <f3|rj i 
— surate adj. equal in measure or extent 
^19 CWt’«R, >RtH I — rately 

adv. >RR af^?rfr*i, I 

Comment ( ) an explanatory note, 

an observation or remark 
^t^1, 'SPSTF I — V. t. to annotate, to make 
a critical note OftV 

tl*l I — tary n. a book containing 

notes on another book, a comment ^Rr], 
^t<fn > — tation n. i — tator n. 

one who comments I 

L. com, and mtfnj=mind. ) 

Commerce ( ) n. interchange of com- 

modities, an extended trade (R*rR-TtftWT, 
^)a>lU ; social intercourse C^llTt, 
f^, C^, 5»rtF»l, 1 — 0 . i. to trade 

C^*rR ^ ; to have communication with 
^ \ — cial adj mercantile Tlfwi 

I Commercial 

traveller C^TtniRsI i 

( L. mtfrcij= merchandise. ) 


[ 140 ] 


Commination ( ) a threatening 

tg? I 

Commingle ( ) v. t. to mix witli 


Comminute ( ) v. t. to break into 

small ])articlcs i Comminuted 

fracture i 

Commiserate ( ) v. t. to pity 

91^^ ewf^ 

I Commiserable adj. pitiable C*Tt^ 


Commissary ( ) n. one in charge of 

something, a deputy C^1^1 ^t'*r 

; an onicer en- 
trusted with the duty of supplying 
provisions etc. to an army 

f^Wf I 

Commissariat ( ) n. the depai t- 

ment for supplying provisions to an 
army ^ 5 W i 

Commission ( ) n. act of committing 

C^tC’s^’l ; that whi( h is committed 

^■<^1 '®I1?:^15T ; a trust ; authority 

; a written authority 

; an allowance made toa.notlicr 
for trails. i '.ting I)usiness 

fir^l ; a body of 

persons appointed to investigate some- 
thing ^>1^1 I — z’. /. to give a 

commission to, to empower, to appoint 

c^, »JP5i'3l ctf, fsTC^t’T I — sioner 
fi. a member of a commission 15 ) 1 ? 2 rf^ 

I To issue 

commission for the examination of a 
witness Ci^t?rr?1 

Commit ( ) r. t. to intrust C'^, 

; to consign fsr'VT'as ; to do ; to 
pledge i»n ; to endanger 

C^»11 I — meat n. act of sending to 

prison C5t**t^ l — tal ft. 

commitment ; a pledge I 

—to memory i —a crime 

I —to prison 

C'f I — to custody i — to 

sessions Cb 5^ 

I —one’s self f^TCw <f1, 

Committee ( ) n. a number of persons 

selected for the performance of some 
spe< ial a^'t 

Commix ( ) lk t. to mix together 

I — turc n. f5I2f«l, f5I5:5^t(il I 

Commode ( ‘<^>1’'®; ) v. a box for holding a 
chain’ncr utensil 6f<'<n ' 

Commodious ( j adj. aflording czise 

iiiid conveniciK C ; 

spacious I —ness n. ( onvenience 

3gf<*fb 65^ I 

Commodity ( ) n. lomeniencc ; 

an article of iraHic I { P^' ) 

goods ;^<t, I 

Commodore ( ) n. the ( ommandcr of 

a scpiadron ; 

llie jiriiu'ipal shl]i in a (haU of mere liant- 

Common ( many, 

public ^*11^*1, ; usual, 

ordinary «t^1, ; vul- 

gar ; of little value 

^911 I — n. a tract of open land 6^'^ 

I —age n. 

^'5 » — alty n. the general body of people 
' — er »• one of the com- 
mon people as opposed to nobles 

^^1^1 I — ly adv. usually 
5r*irf^«I'3; i — place n. a common topic 
7rr*ft^t*i C^t31 ; 

a remark i — adj. hackneyed >Tt?r1W, 

I Commons n. { pL ) the repre- 


C 141 ] 


sentativcs of the common people in the 
House of Commons 

; common land iftt ; 

food at a common table 

I House of commons — 

OT I — sense = ordi- 
nary understanding 

I —forms f^trl 

I —law 

t —property 

^IS I —room ^1 «f^1 

c^iii I 

— pleas (The court of—) 

I In common^ 

equally with others l 

Make common cause with = to have same 
aims and interest with f^»Ttf^f^ ^1 

591 , 5 1 

Commonweal ( ^ n. pul)Iic welfare 
WT^«i ^1 fk^ I 

Commonwealth ( ) n. a form of 

government by the people 

Commotion ( ) ) n. agitation, tumult, 

a violent motion 

Commune ( ) n. a territorial division 

in France 3PI^^ CW*[ i — v. i. 

to converse together 

^t9l1n c^ST ; to receive Holy 

communion fif 

a^Tt^f v\ I 

Communicate ( ) y. t. to impart, 

to bestow C^, OTt^T ; to have inter- 
course with ^'\Z^^ 9\5Tt5 U »11 ; to par- 

take of the Lord’s Supper 
'SITT't? v\ I — cable adj. that may be commu- 
nicated n^l ; affable vQ5^ 5tfn 

*1^1 I — nication n. act of communi- 
cating gjtn^t, ; intercourse ; 

; correspondence ; passage 

from place to place ; news I 

— icative adj. ready to give information 
; unrcsei-ved C’*rf911, 

5T^»1 I 

Communion ( ) n. intercourse 

59ITF^ ; fellowship ; union in reli- 

gious service 

I — nist n. one who 
holds the principle of holding all things 
in common y^^Z9\^ 

'Sltr? K<^ C9tt^ I — nity 

n. common possession C^t‘>T*f’*f9T, 

; the public, people having 
common rights ; a body 

of persons in the same locality ^1 

Communique ( l 

Communism i 

Commutator ( ) n. one or that 

which commutes ft ; an 

instrument for diverting electric current 

ft^s^t ’tft I 

Commute ( v. /. to exchange ^»lft 

; to mitigate a punishment tf'O 

9t^ I — table adj. that may be exchanged 

>rTaT3T9fft I — tation n. 

exchange, alteration ^9) ft, ; 

substitution of a penalty fiom a greater 
to a less ^*1 I — tive adj. 

interchangeable 7t»ift^ C^^y, ^\9\^7^ 1 

Compact ( ) adj. fastened together 

; firm, close ^Tf^*T, 
5t»f:(:’*rt?rl, ft^ft ; brief >ItC’*pn I 
— n. a mutual agreement ; 

union ^fti i — ness n. closeness, solidity 
«rr(5»y i 

Companion ( ^:*nft?^ ) n. an associate ^y^yCftl, 

I —ship n. fellowship C^t^»Tt^ i 


5^tft C^?n I 

Company ( ) n. a number of persons 

associated together for certain purpose 


cwt&T»rf^-?rari c^t*^t4^, 

; state of being a companion 
’TV f Keep company = to associate ^T'^T ^1 

’TV V I A man is known by the company 
he keeps 

*Ttf^, C^CST ’TV® 

?1T I In company i (L. com.= 
with ; bread). 

Compare ( ) v. t. to examine how 

far one thing agrees with another, to 
liken f?v1, f^1, Ctrl TiU ; {Gram) 

to inflect an adjective W 

^ I — rable adj. i — ratiye adj. 

— tively adv. 

®T®t^ I Beyond compare = 
without an equal ^C’Tf^TT, i 

— ^rison=the act of comparing 
^’Ti I 

Compartment ( ) n. a division 
; a room C^ft^tf^ i 

Compass ( ) n. a circuit, space, 

extent, girth W, C’l^ ; limit ift’H, 

; an instrument containing a magne- 
tic needle for steering ships by l 

— es n. {pi-) an instrument with two 
legs for describing circles and drawing 
maps I —V. i. to sur- 
round ; to obtain »ri ; to 

contrive vf®’Tf^ ; to accomplish C^tC^I 
I —saw i 

Within compass ^ f®®^® i 

Compassion n. pity, fellow-feel- 

ing ^TTI, ’T^t^f®, “^C®! I — ate merciful 
I — V. t. to have mercy upon 
’I5(?r C*T^1, I — ately adv. I 

Compatible ( ) adj. consistent 
with, suitable to ’TV®, ^t>®, I — bility 
n. suitableness C’Tt^I®! i 

Compatriot ( ) n. one of the same 

country C’Tt^, t 

Compeer ( ) n. one who is equal, 


a colleague, a companion ’T’RtlTl 

Compel ( ^•n'^T ) V. t. to urge on by force, 
to oblige C^jstcarl ^’T Tf«TT I 

— {pr.p. Compelling; pa. p. Compelled). 
Compend ( ), Compendium ( 

) n. an abridgement, an epitome 
’T^rV^T, C^tC5T1 ‘ — dious adj. 

short, concise ’T'fvtSf, f 
Compensate ( ) v. t. to make 

amends for, to recompensate vf®^*l 

VI1&1 Ctf ; to reward OT I 
— sation n. reward, recompense 

I — sative,— satory adj. 

f??i 1 

Compete ( ) v. t. to strive with 

others for something, to contend CVt^ 
CW, £lf®r’rt^^ I — tition n. rivalry 

etp?, cn^ir^t’T ’I?, 

af^C’Ttf^®! I — titive adj. pertaining to 
competition Ctpt%?1-C5pf^, CtR 

I — titor a rival, an opponent C’Tl 
’itr?t®i, CTH af®c^?t I 

Competent ( ) adj. qualified C’Tt'JTT, 

♦Tt^^ ; suitable, fit »ltW, 

CBt^, ^'^®r® ; legitimate V’T®t^ir I — tence, 
— tency ns. fitness, capacity C^^n®1, VST®!, 
’Tt’T*^! I 

Compile ( ) v. t. to write by collec- 
ting from other books, to compose 

^Ttf^ ’Ttai^ 5??, ^5T^n^1 C®t»T, C»T’*f, 
«ff®?1 I — lation— a literary work written 
by collecting from other authors 

'f^«n f^®tn i — n. Com- 
piler=f^ =^«11 ^ I 

Complacent ( ) adj. showing satis- 

faction ; willing to please, civil ’ItW^, 

I — cance,— cency n. plea- 
sure satisfaction 5f’TII®1, ’Tl^^ ’®*l f 

• — ^ly adv. v i t I 

Complain ( ) v. i. to express grief, pain 

or iniury, to murmur 

[ 142 ] 


[ 143 ] 


\8W? ^ ; to accuse 'OW^ (?f \ 

— plaint n. a complaining, accusation 'OW?, 
C^rl^, «flf«F ; illness <81^, l 

— nant n. one who complaint, a plaintiff 

'€W^ I He complains of 

a headache— ^ i He 
has got bowels<omplaint=^t^ 

I He files a complaint against me=t% 
f^zw ?n i 

Complaisant ( ) adj. willing to 

please i — sance 

n. civility «•! ( 

Complement ( ) n. that which com- 
pletes, full number or quantity ^ 

^?r, *^1 ^ 

I — tary adj. completing 

Complete ( ) adj. finished, perfect, 

entire <^1, c*1^, i —v. t. 

to finish, to accomplish C*!^ ^1 

I — ly adv. entirely 

— tion n. the state of being complete ’T'STf^, 

^5^1, I 

Complex ( ) adj. composed of many 

parts, intricate, 

I — ity n. CWlil, I 

Complexion ( ) n. colour or look of 

the face ^^*1 ; colour ^«1, ; general 

appearance ; disposition 

srff% l — ed adj. having 
a certain temperament I 

Compliance ( ) n. an yielding, con- 
sent ; submission (in bad 

sense ) ^J*r5l, artf% I — ant adj. yielding, 
pliant br^ftsT, C’f®, f>lWl I In compliance 
with =in agreement with ^IX^, 'STtf^, 

♦It»R ^1% I ( See verb Comply ; L. complere 
=to fulfil). 

Complicate ( ) v. t. to twist toge- 

ther, to entangle, to involve ♦p^, C^1, 
ewt^^, I — adj. complex ♦fX^tXT), 

'srtWttn, CWtk^ftxrl, i — ^ted adj. 

intricate fetST, 

c^c^irtf^ 1 —cation n. com- 
plexity ^^*1, c<>CVWlf^, CW*t& i — city n. 

state of being an accomplice 
9[% ^1 »l^Tn ^<3^ I 

Compliment ( ) n. an expiession of 
civility or regard 

*1^, '21‘Tl^ ; praise a present 

I —V. t. to praise cei^n, Weitir, 

C^, a3Pt»[ ; to express respect 

for W3^1 I — tary adj. conveying 

praise or civility a»r^>rt^?P, 
f^5l, I To pay or present one’s 

compliments Wfs? WX^ Tl 

Comply ( ) V. i. ( with ) to yield to, 

to consent ♦Tl, 

5, ^®rl I — ing adj. yielding f%Wl, 

; civil ST® i ( See Compliance 


Component ( ) adj. constituent, 

making up v\i\\s ftei ^ 

^ ^ I — n. one of the 

elements of compound ^ 

Comport ( ) V. i. {with) to suit 

5, I — V. t. to behave, to conduct 

one’s self 'BitM*! \ — ment 

n. behaviour ^rf^tirRf I 

Compose ( ) v. t. to put together, to 

arrange Wl, C'ftiMt Tl efif eiiftt 

^t«r ^1 RRR ; to settle, to calm tRI, 

^R1 ; to arrange types for 
printing ^*n CW’1^ ^ ffwl, 

i^ti» 7twl I It is composed of three tilings 
=^xit^ f^fsdh trrts 

wrtr^ I — ed p. adj. calm, quite 
Wt^, I — er n. a writer of a song 

Composite ( ) adj. made up of 

several distinct parts OTXeiif 


C 144 ] 



I — carriage caEI'fi^ 

♦f^1 J — sition n. the act of putting 

together >T*NC5rr’'T, ; a 

writing or printing ; style 

; an agreement, a compromise 
f^9f, I — sitive adj. I 

— sitor n. one who sets up types for prin- 
ting C»Jt^ I 

Compost ( ) «. a mixture for manure 

Composure ( ) ”• calmness, a com- 
posed state of mind 


Compot, Compote ( ^"*1^ ) n. fruit preserved 
in syrup CSfT^I 


Compotation ( ) n, the act of drin- 
king together CS1«T i — tator= bottle- 

companion Tfsft I 

Compound ( ) v. t to mix 

; to settle ?ipi ^ i 

— V. i. to agree f^s’T 5 ; to bargain 

C^tC^I ^ I — adj, formed of two 

or more ingredients i — n a 

mixture, a mass consisting of parts fsiif 
; the enclosure within 
which a house stands C&1*1, 

^1^^^ I — er n. one who compounds 


f^ai c^t^T I —fracture ^ 

i — interest j 

Comprehend ( ) v. t. to under- 
stand C^t<( ; 

to include, to contain ^■?5» 

^1 I — sive adj. that can be understood 
I — ^hension n. power of 
understanding »lf^, C^t«f l — sive 

adj. embracing much, extensive, full 
^91, I — siveness n. 

Compress ( =^5[-C«a'er ) v. t. to press together, 
to condense Ftn^, ; to 

force into a narrow space i 

n. a soft bandage of folded linen used 
in sergery > 

— cd adj. C51% ^1, I 

— sibility n. quality of being compressible 
C'«lt?rl -Q®! I — sible adj. that may be 
compressed 5 [’I I — sion n. act of 

pressing together ^14 t, i 

— sive adj. able to compress 

Comprise ( contain, to in- 
clude ^3J’|, I _ed adj. included ^ 

sf^1 1 — sing p. adj. including I 

Compromise ( ) n. settlement of 

difference i —v. t. to settle 

by mutual agreement fsi'* 

; to involve to hazard one’s selff^r^r 


Comptroller ( ) a, see under 


Compulsion ( ) n. the act of com- 

pelling, force ^91, 

I —sive adj. coercive 

\ — sory adj. compelling, 


^tC91C^ ^Z-aUX 1 — riJy 

adv. 1 

Compunction ( ) n. uneasiness of 
conscience, remorse I 

Compunctious ( ) adj. causing regret 
c«riT'^;T^ i Without compunc- 
tion— '51^^ C-H^ I 

Compurgation ( ) «. vindication 

riT:4nf^®i «5iie| I 

Compute ( ) v. t. to calculate, to 

reckon i —table 

—adj calculable 5r«l^?f i —tor n. calculator 

I — tator n. 

Comrade ( ) «. an associate, a com- 
panion yi??| I 

Con {^) A contraction of Latin Contra ~ 


[ 145 ] 


against. Pro and con— for and against 

Con ( ) V. t. to commit to memory 

; to direct the steering 
iR I — ning n. ^*1 i 

Concatenate ( ) v. t. to link 

together, to unite in the series CWt^1 1% 
»Ttf^ »ITI, I —nation n. a scries 

of things united aitf^, »It^, i 

Concave ( ) adj. curved, arched, 
inner side of any rounded body 


( opposite of Convex ) » — n. a hollow 
C<rr»f ; a vault i 

— vity n. the inner surface of a hollow 
body C^TTciMt 

I Concave- 

convex c^V>[ 

) I 

Conceal ( ) v. t. to keep secret, to 
hide, to disguise 

» — cd adj. c^tn4*tT, I — ment /.. 
the act of concealing, secrecy C^t*R 
; hiding place itt, «t3Tl^ > 

Concede ( ) v. t. to give up, to sur- 
render C? ; to grant, to admit ?t«=l 

I — V. i. ( L. cedere 

=to yield ). 

Conceit ( ) i. self-importance, over- 
estimate of one’s self, vanity 

CW, i — ed adj. vain 

I Out of conceit with 

—having no more liking for 
^5t»T 5r»T^, I 

Conceive ( ) v. t. to form in the 

womb ; to imagine, to think 

^ I —0. i. to 
become pregnant If ; to 

think I — able adj. that may be 

conceived or understood CTt«f<r5ri, <n?*n 
^1%^ ’Tl I ( L. con —together, 

capere^io take ). 


Concentrate ( ) v. t. to bring to 
a common centre or to a closer union 
nrrf^ tUR^T^ 
^ I — tration «. condensation 
^*1, C^i> ; act of keeping the 

mind fixed i — tive 

adj. tending to concentrate 

c«*rr«n t 

Concentric ( ) adj. having a 

common centre ( with ) 
vfl&i *it3t L^ot I 

Concept ( ) n. an abstract idea, a 
general notice CTt*(, 

Conceptacle n. a receptacle 

; a follicle, or seed vessel 
RTfr^n 'oiJt I 

Conception ( ) n. the act of 

conceiving ; the thing conceived, 

a notion irt^*n, C^t*t I can form 

no conception of CUR 

5?fi, ‘«c®i nn 5?tt I 

— tive adj. capable of conceiving 
«fR«ri • 

Conceptualism ( ) n. mediaeval 

philosophical doctrine concerning the 
reality of things perceived by the senses, 
asserting that universals have reality but 
only in the mind vfl® 


c^c^n .itt— ^Rsc^n 

®rr:¥, i 

Concern ( ) v. t. to belong to, to 

affect or interest ^p*l, 

^ »rf^r I — n. that which 
belongs to one »T5ft®irl ; a 

business C^IR^T, ; interest 

; anxiety ^51® 1 \ Concerning prep. 
regarding, relating to \ 

— ^ment n. an affair ^t^l, fipR ; interest 
; importance tf^R i I have no concern 
in the matter =(R^ c>lR 

( It is a matter of moch concern^ 


[ 146 ] 


viitc&l ^«n » It has been noticed 

with much ^55 

^I 5 r c^tn I He has a big concern=^ 

Concert ( ) n. union in any undertaking 

uQ^t5l ; harmony 

TT^Rt^ f^, I —V. L to 

frame together, to arrange *^1^4 


I — ed adj. mutually planned ^ST5 

^=^1 1 —pitch ^snf^wrr^ imit 

^511 I 

Concertina ( ) n. a musical instrument 

&tf^ ^cwt^ vnf^it cn5tf? I 

Concerto ( ) n. 1 

Concession ( ) n. the act of conceding 

a grant ^rt^t « — naire n. 

^ I Concessionary adj. 

Conch ( ^5P" ) a marine shell used as a 
trumpet »T^, I — iferous 

adj. having a shell C^Tt^fl «r^1 I 

Concierge ( ) n. door-keeper of a 

hotel or public office ; person 

in charge of a set of apartments, lodgings 
or flats C^tCTI ^ Tl -Jir. 


Conciliate ( ) v. t. to win over, 
to reconcile, to pacify 

I — V. i to become friends 
f^rar ^ I — nation n act of reconciling 
f5r9lT^%, ^JTf%9[5T I — liatory adj. 

«f5T^3|t, fVwl ; tending to reconcile 


Concinnity ( ) n. harmony, elegance 

f^9l, I —nous adj. elegant 

nf<ntf5 1 

Concise ( ) adj. brief, short ^( 5 , 

C?rt^55[fi> I — ly ado. in a few 

words I — ness n, terseness, brevity 

in speaking or writing t 

Concision ( ) n. a cutting off, 

brevity 1 ( ) 

Conclave ( ^-‘CsP57 ) n. an assembly of 

cardinals cnt*r^ 

any close assembly C^rfc^rl C*trf*l4lir C*!^ ' 


Conclude ( ) 0. t. to bring to an end. 

to close Iwr^ ^TR?, <?*r^ 

?R I — V. t. to come to an end 15 , c*r^ 

? ; to infer C*r^ 

I — ing adj. closing final C*i^, C*W 1 
— elusion ( ) n. act of conclud- 
ing ^«l ; the end ; judgment, 

inference C*!? ifl5rtt>n, I In 

conclusion 1 — sive adj. final, 

decisive ^t?[5i, 1 — sively adv. 

I To try conclusions 
=to ex^jeriment ^»T, \ 

To jump to a conclusion 

^ I 

Concoct ( ) V t. to prepare, to devise, 

to fabricate >lfw, C?, 

^31»Tt5 I — tion rt. a medical preparation 

2P^«i ; a plot !,-3Fr^, I —ted 

story C^t«1 ^«n, CWt^l 

<»«: ^'j I 

Concomitant ( ) adj. accompany- 
ing, conjoined with \ 

— tance, — tancy n. accompaniment 

'BTffTl • — tantly adv. conjointly 

v«R55Tr^, I 

Concord ( ) ?n ( ) n. harmony, 

union, agreement far»l, 1 — ance n. 

agreement, an index to the leading 

words or passages of a book C^tC*t1 

I — ant adj. harmonious 

1 % 91 , \ 

Concourse ( ) n. an assembly of persons 

or things fe IRt^, 

Concrete ( ) adj. existing in material 

form ’|91 ; formed into one mass C^ftih, 
C^TO, ’ITI ; ( opposite of Abstract ) 


[ 147 ] 


c^Ptr^l i —n. a 

concrete thing ; a mixture of 

lime, sand, pebbles stc. 

5TSf1 ^ I — V. t. or V. i. to form into 
a solid mass to harden C<n^>lt4 i 

— tion n. a mass concreted 

Concubine ( ) >*. a woman in keep- 

ing, a woman who lives with a man 
without being married 

^’*11 I 

Concur ( ) v. i. to run together <iir^- 

STIT^ ; to coincide f*[»r 9 ; to unite in 
opinion ?, ^ ; to assent to 

5f*jr^ ^ I — rence a. union fil2?PR, ; 

joint action ; assent 

>n[f« I — rent ( ) adj. acting or 

existing together, united ; 

I — rently adv. 

I — ^ring adj. agreeing 
I Concurrent jurisdic- 
tion =>1^5? I — list>i«f^^ -^#1 1 

Concuss ( ) V. t. to compel by threats, 

to over-awe '51 ^t«(T CW i 

— sion n. shaking a violent shock 
(A^1, ^1, ; undue force 

'©^'5 I 

Condenm ( ) v. t. to pronounce guilty 

{Trr^ ^51, ; to censure 

f^P*n ; to sentence to punishment 
^tnJl ; to declare unfit for use C^1 
C^»l, Of I —able adj, blam- 

able if'Ol^ i — atiou n. blame 

gtf^, I — ed adj. (Tft^ 

>fT^ c^’nn, w<r\ti, ti 

I — atory adj. implying con- 
demnation ortfl ^ i 

Condense [ ) v. t. to compress cat^^Rl, 

I — V. i. to become dense 4tli, 
^ ? I — sation n. act of condensing C'*rt§ 
TiVT I — sate V. t. or V. i, to condense, to 
harden ' 5 [^, » — ser «. an 

apparatus for condensing vapour etc. 
'5T*T '8rtf% JTJJf I 

Condensed milk— i 

Condescend ( ) v. i. to waive a 

privilege of rank, to lower one’s self 

C^t®l1 ; to deign, to comply 5^^ 

at<r ; to act kindly ’©C®l ^ l — ding 

(uij. courteous, obliging ^ar, 

1 — sion affabi- 
lity to inferiors, courtesy 7rfirf;5«] , 2 ff^ 


Condign ( ) adj. deserved, well- merited 

5f^r5'5, I 

Condiment ( ) n. a seasoning used at 

table a59?1 i 

Condition ( ) n. state, position, quality 

'5I^’91, 5f»r1, -nf^ ; rank naft caCH 

— a man of condition = ♦!«'’? aifs', ; 

stipulation, a term of a contract f^aa, 
a^ata, ; arrangement a*^a^ l — v. t. or 
V. i. to agree upon, to make terms fa^a 
asa, aara^? ata i On condition = provided 
a fa, vf)$ ac4 I — nal adj. depending on 
conditions faaaT^a, ciai canral 

♦itaia aifar^ ai aa^fa^et capital a»at ?.a 
nal Tl catalal a=^^ w \ —ally adv, a^a^^, 
faaat?!ta l — ed adj. having a certain 

cx>ndilion or state, depending ca^tJal 

fac»ra aai i 

Condole ( ) v. t. to grieve with others, 

to sympathise in sorrow C*Tlasira5t’*T 
a^a, astral ca'^ta a^a i — latory adj. 

expressing condolence CTta^SJ^l’Tas, cawla 
C*f’5^al \ — lence n. expression of grief for 
another’s sorrow C*rfaJ, ^5rfaa 

•fST® caafta t ( L. row = with ; doUre —to 
grieve. ) 

Condtme ( a^^l-'Sff ) v. t. to forgive, to overlook 
aR, a1a» aR, ata-cala •na i —nation n. 
forgiveness apiij, irt^ » 


[ 148 ] 


Conduce ( ) v. i. to tend to 

c^tC5?1 ^??iP9r ^ 

C^rfn I — cible, — cive adj, tending to pro- 
mote ; beneficial I 

Conduct ( ) V. t. to lead, to guide, to 

manage F^Tl, C*f^1 ; to 

behave I — n. management 

; behaviour 

j g^ide I — tion 

n. act of transmitting ( as heat ) ♦ff^Ft^R I 
— ^tor n. the person cr thing that con- 
ducts, a leader 

*Tf^FRl^, t Conduct 8hcet= 
a record of soldier’s offences and punish- 
ment c^5l I 

Conductivity n. the power of transmitting 
heat or electricity titn ^ i 

To conduct a case=c^^^R 

F»l1 I 

Conduit ( ) n. a waterpipe or a canal 

♦rr4*t Tl I 

Condyle ( ) n. ball at the end of a 

bone which forms joint with a socket of 
another bone 
tif? ! 

Cone ( ’JPR ) n. a soild figure with a circular 
base tapering to a point at the top 

cwt«l CTr?rl ^4^11 ^ i — nic or 

— ^nical adj. tapering like a cone 3|*^ 
fF*Fl, Wtf^§^1 I Conics n. §«?lTI 
; "^IF W3tf^f% I Conic jBnger= 

Coney see Cony. 

Confabulate ( ) v. i. to chattoge- 

ther OT ♦Tt^, J —lation n. 


Confect ( ) v. t. to prepare with 

sugar fijitt hsThf ^ i 

— tion V. t. to prepare sweetmeats f5|t4 Tl 
ftlitt I — f5i4tt I — ner n. one 

who makes sweetmeats fsrJt^ 

I — ery n, the business of a 

confectioner, or his shop f^it^ 

» — ary n. a place where 
sweetmeats are prepared 

^1 Stt, I 

Confederacy ( ) n. a mutual 

contract or league, persons or state 

united by a league C^P1T*11 f^fVe'd 

»RT 3Tt!|R, CFt^1 

^tsrrlWfT ; a conspiracy i — rate n. 

an ally fsrar, I —adj. 

allied lar^STti? C^, I —V. t. or 

V. i. to league together FtW, FtW, 
tnsRrtsT \ — ^ration n. a league or alliance of 

princes or states 

f^rOTFl, I 

Confer ( ) v. t. to bestow, to give C?, 

^’T*l I — V. i. ( with ) to consult 

together f ) 

— feree ( ) n. ^ ^ I 

— er n. '8rr»lF F1 n?ttn4 aR i — ence n. 

an appointed meeting for consultation 
CF»1 I —rable adj. 

Confess ( ^*T-CtF’F7 ) v. t. to own, to admit, to 
acknowledge something wrong 

CFt^ FtiF »1, I — ediy 

adj. avowedly i 

— sion n. acknowledgement of guilt 
CRtF I — nal n. a place where 

confession is made to a priest 1% 

ntn f\^U I — sor ft. one 
who professes the Christian faith 

Confetti ( ) n. paper imitations of 
sweetmeats flung at carnivals, or thrown 
at departing bridal pair after wedding 
fiiFtF Frt»r FfifTtF nn 


Confidant ( ) n. a bosom friend 
I Confidante Fm. 

Confide ( ) v, i. ( witk, in ) to trust 

iully, to rely upon ftTfF i — v. i, to 


[ H9 ] 

C onfuse 

entrust to, to commit to, the charge of 
cyt I — er n. • 

— dmee n. trust, faith, reliant e 
; self-reliance, boldness 
f2rw<r ; firmness ^"51, 

I Confident adj. having belief 
IWl"^ ; positive i I am 

quite confident 

f^^rTtZ^V I — ly adn. wilhriut 

doubt, assuredly i 

Confidential adj. given an confidence, 
private i — iaily adv. 

privately i Confiding 

adj. trustful \ 

Configuration ( ) n. external form 

; relative 

position i Configure v. t 

to give shape to i 

Confine ( ) j. limit, boundary ^^1, 

( generally in pi. ) i — ? . t. to 
be adjacent to ^1«1 ; to limit, to 

enclose «r, ; to restrain, 

to imprison tsitN -ijs?, ^rtavf 

I — ment n. restraint, imprison- 
ment I Be 

confined— to be limited 5 , to be in 

child-bed «n^, I 

Confirm ( } v. t. to make firm, to 

make certain, to establish ^ 

^ I — mation n. making 
sure ; convincing proof 

I — mathe, — matory adj. 

I — ed adj. settled inve- 
terate OTtr^^, 'BTSin He 

is a confirmed opium-eater 

Confiscate ( ) v. t. to take posses- 
sion of cvtqr ; to 

appropriate to the state ^ J —cable 

adj. liable to be confiscated f*rfsn l 

— cation n. the act of confiscation 


Conflagration ; ibe great fire 

Conflate , ‘ blow together 

Conflict { ; n. a ( ontest, a struggle 

; violent 

collision i — v. i. to contend, 

to clash at1^, ? « 

ing— contradictory, opposing 

Confluence f ) a flowing together 

^^T w^r »1W, 

! — cut ad) uniting 

C^?rt, t — n. a river uniting with 

another i —flux n. conftuerKe 


Conform ' v, t. to make like, to 

adapt ^s^l^ ' -t ■ i- 

to be of the same form with ^ ; 

to comply with '5}lcvr*rsil^ ) -to rules- - 
^ i —able adj. {to) 

suitable i —able adv. 

agreeably, suitably 

tgCIJ \ — miiy n. compliance with, likeness 
r^l»t I In conformity with — 
in t uinpliancc with i 

— mation n. particular form or shape 
'*1^ 1 - mist n. 

9\f \ I 

Confound ( ) v. t. to perplex, to 
confuse ; to 

mix or blend ; to defeat ^^1^ I 

— ed adj. confused > 

Confraternity ( ) n. a brotherhood 

Confront ( ^^T-3P^" ) v. t. to stand in front 
of, to oppose ^f5 *1^, ^t*(1 C^, 

C^t«f ; to compare 

fkw)\ — ation n. 

Q^U I 

Confuse ( throw into 
disorder, to perplex 


[ 150 ] 


» — ed adj. per- 
plexed f<c5rt^, 

I — ^sion ri. disorder 

C^C^rvtf^, ; perplexity ; shame 

mw ; termoil ; defeat 


Confute ( ) V t. to disprove, refute, 

to prove to be wrong fJT^I 

I — able adj. i Confuta- 

tion n. I 

Congi, Congee ( ^t-C'SS’ ) :i. dismissal f^t?f ; 
departure ; a bow l — v. i. to 

take leave f<«rf?r ®r, t 

Congeal v ) v t. to freeze 

I —able adj. 

Congener ( ) n. a person or thing 

of the same kind viic^f^iR 

C^tCSTl c®lt^ I —generous adj. 


Congeneal ( ) adj. of kindred 

nature or tastes ; suit- 

able, agreeable ( to ) ^t®! 

I — geniality n. suitableness 

^»fCTii<n^\5i I 

Congenital ( ) adj. existing from 

birth, hcreaitary ^51 ( C^C^, 


Conger ( ) n. a kind of marine fish 

>TT'sr41l I 

Congeries ( ) n. a collection of 

small bodies in a mass ?'3f, i5iT?C^ 

< (L- Cc«.^ together ; 

gnire—Xo bring ) l 

Congest ( ) v. t. to heap up 

C<Tt5 * — gestion n. accumulation of 
blood in any part 

Uf^n ?'e5? ; an overcrowded condition C?r(- 
C^*n, «rre*l l — gestive odj. indicating 
an accumulation of blood CSW C'»Tl^-C’*rT^, 
CW I Congested place^^t^f ilf, 
ir^ c«rw c««rniwfn ^ <f^i ‘ 

Congiobe ( ) v. t. or v. i. to collect 
together into a round mass ^1^ Tl 

555^ I — ^bulate V . i . to gather into a small 
globe • 

Conglomerate ( ) adj. gathered 
into a mass I — 

V. i to gather into a ball C<rHl«rt^ 

9 I — ration n. state of being gathered 
into a mass ^f’^T ; a collection Of things 

f ’51 I 

Conglutinate ( ) v. t. to glue toge- 
ther -cwcn&l 

«l1 I — nant adj. tending to unite or join 
C^1^1 ; healing KKW, 

I — native adj. 
cwt^l t 

Congratulate ( ) v. t. to wish joy 

to 515^91 

I — lation n. an expression of joy or 

3|»t5Rl \ — latory ( ) adj. 

expressing joy I 

(L rorf=togcthcr ; pleasing.) 

Congregate ( ) v. t. or v. i. to 
assemble, to flock together 

®lt‘>T I — gafion n. an assemblage 
of persons or things ’i'SpW I — galional 

adj. pertaining to a congregation ^T'JJtW 
; prayer | —gationalism 

( ) n. a form of church 

government managing its affairs indepen- 
dently OTtai <1'^- 

Congress ( ’TtrfflT?: ) n. a meeting together 
for political purposes I 

— man n. a member of congress 
»i5nf^ I 

Congruence, Con^uency ( ) 

n. agreement fspl ; suitableness >l8f'5 
^5Tt i — gruent adj. agreeing ; suita- 
ble I — gniity nxonsistcncy- 


t 151 ] 


fsR ; I — gruons adj. fit, 

consistent f 

Caific see Cone. 

Coniferons ( ) adj. bearing cones 

( as pines and fir trees ) 

cwtsi c^1?i, ), 

'BItf ' — fer n. 3^*1 

CW1$1 ^5 ^5, m I 

Conjecture ( ) n. a. supposition, an 

opinion formed on imperfect evidence, 
SJVllt’SC I —V. t. to 

infer, to guess I — tural 

orij. given ic ( onjeclurc 
'SJC^-^ ! — turable adj. 

-^1 I 

Conyee ( ^irfw ) n. water in which rice has 
been boiled 3Jt^, i 

Conjoin ( ) V. t. to join together 


C<n§ «f1 I — ^joint adj. CW15I1 I 

-tly adv. unitedly 3iC33p9\c^r I 

Conjugal ( ) adj. relating to marriage 

fw I 

Conjugate ( ) v. i. ( in gram. ) to 

inflect, as verbs t 

— gation K. the act of joining ; the 

process of showing inflectional changes 

of verbs I Conjugate mirrors = 

Conjunct ( ) adj. conjoined ^TtnrTsr^, 

I — tive adj. clrsely united 

I — ction n. union ; ( in 

grammar ) a connecting word 

W I — ture n. a crhical time, crisis 

^«Tl I 

Conjure ( ) v. i. to practice magical 

arts Il3-5l1t5, ^*11 I —v. t. 

to call on in ? solemn manner' >15^4, 

CW, 1[3I >ltf% Wt^, 

I — ^ration n. enchantment ; 

^4) ^n, I — ing 7. 

5f ^*1 I — er n. an enchanter 

C^«n I — y n. magic 


Connate ( ) adj. bom with one’s 

self >r?arf^, ; allied uicti53|?p^ i 

(L. ron=with, «fl/;/j=born.) 

Connatural ( ) adj. of the same 
nature with another opc^PWItTl? l 

Connect ( ^1*!'%;; ) v. t. to fasten together, 
to unhc >1?^^ ^4, cvi^i cw, >i?rTrr^f 

55^^, '^4 1 — ^ted adj. united >Tt^, 

cwt<t*ic*nt^ I 

— tedly adv. i — tion, 

— xion n. act of joining CWT^1, CTf^, 

; relation ; ( pi.) 

a relative c®lt^ ; a society united 

by a bond ^I^t5 C5H1 

I — tive adj. binding together 

Tttctrrw^t I I have no connection in the 
matter ---C>T? T44\^ C^14 » 

Connive ( ) w. ^ to wink at a fault 

^4y I? I 

— vance n. act of conniving cTt^ Off^ 

^t63isi*l, C4l44^ I 

Connoisseur ( ) n. a critical 

judge of the fine arts 'eif'l, 

f4V[44i ; I 

Connote ( ) v. i. to signify, to imply, 

to include in the meaning 
^4, c^^l, C^tc^b ^4 I — tation n, 

the aggregation of attributes implied by 

a term 

^4 I — tative adj. i 

Connubial ( nuptial 

Conoid ( ) n. anything cone-shaped 

Co>nominee ( ) n. a joint nominee 

15t5?>5qt5f5?, C5t51 ^'4R4 

vliw^ • 

Conqner ( ) v. t. to gain by force, to 

overcome »ltW WH tfSR 

Consanguinity [ 

that may he overcome I — ing odj. 

victorious ^ I — er n. a victor Wtl^t4il, 

' --<iuestrt the act 
of conquering ^^*1 ; that 

which is acquued bv force 
fwf^ c^t?1 I To make a conquest^ 


Consanguinity 1 ) «• relationship 

b> blood (as opposed to by marriage^ 

^t«T, f^zvt I 

Conscience ( n. moial judgment 

as to right and wron^ 

CTl*! , sense of dmy 

I — scientious adj. scrupulous 

i —ly adv accord- 
ing to conscience 

r?j«8t5T5ir-f i ness t. tpiyti ' 

— scionabit* ■ ) adj. regulated 

by conscience, reasonable ’Ulf JT9P5 ' 
Binding on one's conscience Tav\^ 

C?t^i, ' Conscience-money = 

'®ltif5Ttt5 f^nr! 

I Tender conscience ->ls*l’S i With a 
clear conscience = i In 

conscience =f^*6^ > 

Conscious ( ) odj. having the internal 

knowledge oi, aw'arc Mt'S, * I am 

co^uwus of it *1:51 Tit 

t — iy adv. know- 
ingly . -ness ^ihe 

faculty of the rnmd to know 
c^tK I ! 

Conscript ( ) adj. enrolled 

' —n. fsntfl I — tion = 

compulsory enrolment for military or 
naval service ?:59ir^ 


Consecrate ( ) v. t. to set apan 

for a holy use 

; to hallow *(fTO « 

— ted adj sanctihed i “tion 

] Conseqnence 

n. the act of dedicating to sacred uses 


Consecution ( ) n logical 

sequence ; sequence of words, tenses &c. 
in writing 1?T( ; C^TTlty 

mt5 »TilR I 

Consecutive ( ) adj. following 

in order, succeeding iffr'Sl, 

I — ly adv. in succession iS'C'Sl 

Consensus ( ) n. agreement in 

opinion, unanimity (as consensus of opinion) 
f^o^, I — sion n. mutual consent 

Consent ( ) n. agreement, concurrence 

; advice i — ^. t. 

to agree, to give assent to cw, 

Ttfw-?, I W'ith one consent — 

> Age of consent 

^t|5t Tf:^ <rt^ i 

Consentaneous ( ) ad;, consistent 

with, agreeable >l?r5, I 

Consentient ( ) adj. agreeing in 

opinion Jic^^rs C^t?l ' 

Consequence ( ) n. effect, that 

which comes after as a result 

CFlC^^b «•!, ; importance 

^*11, fkz^ ^*11 I 

— quent adj. following * 

Consequently adj. 

I quential adj. following as a 


^qi9f I It Is not a matter of such consequ- 
ence '.£ir?p'^ ^'*rl 

^«n I He is a man of 
consequence - c^'d jhw^ i In 

consequence of=on account of 

^ttc^ \ You will feel the consequence 
t5t^ CT\^^ ♦it^ Consequent on=a[t^ 


r 153 ] 


Conserve ( ) v. t, to preserve, to keep 

entire Ttvf, ^tfli «f I — W- 

sometliing preserved in sugar, (as fruits) 
I — vancy n. the act of preserving 
3jsf^ «n wtH, 

\ — vation n. preservation fi'om loss 
or injury CTtT^TlTt^ 

^5^.^ I Conservation of mnttcr^^vi 

1 Conservative adj. 
tending to preserve I — n. one 

averse to political changes, a tory 

-vatism n. ihe principle of a Conservative. 
— vator n. a preserver from injury or 


^tC I ( /'t'w. Conservatrlx ). — vatory 

M siorc-house, a green-house, a music 
school vffvrffit 'ajlf?? 

♦It 5^57 it?, 1*141 

Consider ( ) v. t. to think on, to 


to attend to 44 ; to take into account 
VT'TI 44 I — i to think carefullly tgtf4 I 
— able adj. worthy of regard vr«n, «f^4T ; 
important ; moderately large 

«Tr4tf^f4, I “-ably adv. in a consider- 
able manner ♦ff^TCI, C^%t4, 

I — ate — thoughtful, prudent 

f4C:454, #ft4 I — ately adv. thought- 
fully >T'5^4C<^, ^5jr4 I — ation n. delibera- 
tion r<ir4^4l, f4Ff4, ®t4 ; reason 
4t^*l, ; an equivalent, a compensa- 
tion C4lr41 4t4j4 4tC4 fwn 41 C4t«1 

( *j^), 41 ^4^4 I — ing prep, in 

view of r4C4BiT1 4f4. C4^ (Tffif » In 

consideration of=4ti:4, • All things 

considered --5T4r»n 44r4i Under considera- 
tion -=f4C45^Tt4*l5T I 

Consign ( 43^rtt=^ ) v. i. to give to another 
transfer C4, 4f4 ; to entrust VfVI, ^514 

(Tf ; to send to an agent C4f54t4| 41 W41 


44t«l nil ; to sign or seal C^]t54 4f4 

CW I — signee n. one to whojii any tiling is 
consigned 4t4 C4t?:^n 4'^ ^^1? fv»4l ^4, 

C4»l WT^TW 4lt«l 1 — er 

ft. Vt4 ' — nient n. act of 

consigning, that wlu( h is placed in the 
hands of another 4^^ ; 

f^t^4 44*1^^35 I To consign to the flames — 
C*lt4 1 To consign to the tomb 444 i 
Consist ( 4iTf6^ ) V. i. to t o-evast, to subsist 
4t4 ; to agicc t J he book consists 

of three parts f4in^!>1i i 

Consistence, -- lency li-'.ed stale 

^t^fl, ; agtiH;ineni 

I - -tent ntj. i'wrd 4R, f^4, 
C^T^41 ; agiei-ing nnilonn 
v£ii:4 I Consistent wlih i 

Console ( 4H5’c| ; r. t. lo ( onifori, :o clicer 
under sorrow 4'., aj:4l4 CW \ 

—lable adj. y\m^) 4i*.4 i 

— lation n. solace 4c<l4, i 

Consolation match [^r<5^T4 $K4 

C4?t4#\144 C4i:4 4d't!4lfB4 ^1^4 

tst4 <141 ’41 C5141 «14 I 

Consolidate ( ) v. t. lo make 

solid, to unite into one C‘ntb'441, ^544, 
C4t^4l, ststiyifnl vfli:4lJl 44 i — i>. i. to grow 
firm C^'li?41^, f^<l ^ ; to unite | 

Consolidate, — cd pa. adj. united 
Ctt^44i1, ^i < - tion n. a( i ol making or 
becoming firm 144 44‘1, C'itf[;4T'^4, ?? 44*1 I 
Consoles ( 4^^6^]tgf ) u. ( pL ) consolidated 
annuities 4t4 1 

Consonant ( ) ai j. consistent, 

harmonious I — 7i. a 

letter of the al]duibet otlua- th in a vowel 
4rt444^ I — nance n. unison of sounds ^44 
— ^nancy n. harmony t — nantly 
adv. agreeably I ( L. con. 

==with ; — sound. ) 

Consort ( a partner 'Jisft, ; 

a wife or husband 41 i — v, i. to 


[, 154 J 


associate with I In consort =in 

company I 

Consortium f ) n. co-operation of 

several powers to effect some common 

41 C4rr:4l 4T44t44 

Conspectus ( ) n. a synopsis 

>rf^ I 

Conspicuous ( ) adj. visible, 

prominent, 5^:4 CW^^ll, 'S^ » — 

cuity, -cuousness n 

’©«! I — cuously adv. C4<(lt45 ; ©4^1*®- 

4iC^ ; «f45lt4s I To be conspicuous by 

absence W 41:4^ -yi^Z^lZ^ 

^4 I 

Conspire ( 454 14" ) v. i. to ]:lot, to unite 

for an evil purpose 4*4, 4^43 4S4» 

454 , I — racy u. a plot 4 ^ 545 , 

5PtT I — ration n. • 

— rator n. 1 

Constable ( 4S4(:^4;«i; ) n. a police-officer, a 
policeman *rtf%4'*F^, 45f44>^ 1 

— bulary n. the police forces in a town 
«rff%44F444f I Special constable =4r9TC4 
»Ttf%4’iP4 1 Outrun the constable^^to 
go too fast 44 C44 C4 ; to get into debt 

4t4 9141 I 

Constant ( 4S4r^^; ) adj. firm, unchangeable, 
faithful «l&9i, ^314, 914154 C^n^trl, 

Tf^l I Constancy n. fixedness Ttf44 ; 

I — ly adv. invariably C14-C^4 
C4T:?ll4lt4S, ^fl<:454TC:4, 4r4-4r4, 4Tr44f^ t 

Constellate ( 4S44fl>’t9i&; ) v. t. or v. i. to 
cluster ^n-4l 1 — Ilation n. a group of stars 
44^1 t54tr49lt^, 44*31^8?, 4Tf^63|i ; 

^4l ; an assemblage of distin- 
guished persons C^tlT^I '044® C9lt4t4^9f4 
C49f I ( L. row = together ; stellare Stella 
= a star. ) 

Consternation ( 4ni^t4r4®4 ) n. dismay ; 
f4^ ; astonishment 414^1 

Constipate ( 4S4j5’C^^ ) v. t. to stop up, to 
make costive 4^4, 4^51 4^4, 4^4 I 

— pation n. constiveness C*1^^ 4^, 4151, 

C4tr9Tt5l C4tr^4l 414^1 : c^1?1 I 

Constitute ( t. to set up, to 
establish 4S4, *11® ; to form or 

compose 4*4^4 4^4, ^ ; to appoint 44, 

454 I — tuency n. the wliole liody 
of electors for the member of a parlia- 
ment *ttf4nrz:4^ 4®I 4:4141'« 

4J41 C4tr4l il^t^4 C4t44^5 I — tucnt ti. an 
elector 54^4 4^ Ttf^l C4ti:41 

tDW4 ; an essential part 4t4 '4l‘'“T i -~ad). 
essential, component 

414 I — tution n. the act of ( otisiitming 
4*4^4 ; 4tf44l4 ; the frame of Ixidy or 
mind 44^4 41 444 4t^f44> 

'5tt4Sl4-5J45l4, *>1^4 ; a form of government 
^9[ »TT44-a'ft^ ; a particular law or usage 
*tT444T419l ^<4 f444 1 — tional adj. inherent, 
natural 'en»T4^4l «t4n, 4li5lt44i ; essential 
9rf’rfi5419t ; 1^4 r44?l4i; : physical 

»rt^lf44i ; consistent with laws *Tt44 49€l4 
f444lft4, 4ft4'5l4 4^4:^ ^^1 I Constitu- 

tional form of Government 4^1-fi«1 ^®44 
4^4^ ef4n »rr44->a<Tl9[\ C4^4 I?l9i'04 I 
Constituency f4^154 c’>93i 1 

Constrain ( ) v. t. to urge with force, 

to compel 4t41 4S4, 4C4r4 441 ; to t onfine, 
to limit ^4t4^ 454, ^t(54J 454 I Constraint 
n. compulsion 4t4T®1, 49153rirt4 ; confine- 
ment ®tli^4s ; repression 444 1 
Constrict ( 454%%; ) v. t. to press together, 
to cramp C^, ^^1^41 I — tion n. compres- 
sion, tightness '5rl^4 1 

Constringent ( 45?1%^-C^’^: ) adj. having the 
power of contracting 5^1^414 ^141 ; 

C%115 C4t4l I 

Construct (4^1%:) t-. t to build up, to 
make >TtW 4*4, 4*4, ^®4t4 4*4 I —tion 

n. the act of forming or constructing 
^W4, ?^t4 4*4^1 ; structure ^t4f4, f4*tt*l > 


[ 155 ] 


( in gram. ) the arrangement of words in 
a sentence ^«(1- 

CW*t^f^ ; meaning i— tive adj. inferred, 

deduced ; capable of construc- 
tion I — tional adj. i 

To put a construction on a sentence = 
^ I To bear a cons- 
truction \ 

Construe ( ) v. t. to explain ; 

to interpret 'Siaf ^ ; to infer 

Consubstantial ( leaving 

the same substance or essence vnr^ 

«ac^ I — tion n. ift 

^tCl <K1 I 

Consuetude ( ) n. custom ; 

I — tudinary adj. 
or n. ^ fW? I 

Consul ( ) n. the chief magistrate in 

ancient Rome c^t^T 

; an officer appointed to reside in 
a foreign country as an agent for 

mmv9 f^in, i — lar 

adj. I —late n. the office, 

residence See. of a consul f^i:w*fl TIwaf^f^Rw 
^ 'asrt^l I —ship n. ^ ^ 
^ *!»r I 

Consult ( ) V. t. to 8isk advice to 

•I, C^<-Catl •[ ; discuss, to consider 

^ I — tation n. delibera- 
tion of physicians or lawyers '«rf*I^, 

irartr^ftm i -^thig adj, n5rt^ cirfiBl ^ 


Omsame ( ; v. t. to destroy, to use up, 

to devour, to exhaust 

trtt cn»ii, V? «rT5 ^ I — cr n. 

I —able adj. that may be consumed 

an, i 

Consummate ( ) v. t. to perfect, to 

complete caa yrta i— 

adj, complete i — mation n. perfec- 

tion ; completion of a marriage 

by subsequent intercourse ^t^T- 

taf%, Rim ; termination 

"sia n > 

Consumption ( ) «. the act of con- 
suming ; a disease of 

the lungs (3W C5l1^, ^ 

tian I — tiye adj. 


Contact ( ) n. touching cn?R, 

; close union ciitit ; meeting aa, 

aw, aa am i To come in contact atw, 
at*-^ 1 1 

Contactman a^gf 


Contagion ( ) n. communication of 

a disease by contact a^a^^n^l C^U^ C^lta, 
C^ta atpta, c^5a«l I — gious adj. » 

Contagious diseases Acts=^C^t^1 al C^tsn 
aitftf f^5P i 

Contain ( ) v. t. to include *ta, 

?R ; to comprise ^ • — able adj. that 

may be contained aa ’lal, *1^1^ i This 
book contains four chapters— >ii^ ^^1^35 Ftfa 
3f<frfa Wtr? I This vessel does not contain 
one seer==viitr&1 vflcaa a«ica i 

Contaminate '( ) v. t. to defile, to 

pollute, to corrupt 'W’lRiiB 4a, a^a, caal 
asa I — -nation n. pollution c^a^1 • 

— native adj. 

Contango ( 4aC^*Ca1 ) n. a percentage paid in 
stock-selling ^ana aiaata^ carst^ta^ 

»r5wal » 

Contemn ( ass^i:^ ) v. t. to despise, to neglect 
c^samta aia, a^a, ait^4t*i 4a, aia^i aa i 

Contemplate ( a5i:^^[’i:?($ ) v. t. to mediate 
on, to consider t%W1 4a, ^a » — v. i. ( on 

or upon ) to meditate aitaan 
^ I — lation n. a serious and continued 
thought of a particular subject ^1aal, 
ftwl, tflta I — lative adj. given to contem- 
plation «taat^ I 


[ 156 ] 


Contemporaneous ( ) adj. liv- 

ing or hajvpening at the same time 

C 51 ^' I — \y Mb. ^z^ 

i Contemporary n. one who lives 

at tlie same lime iiir<is ; a rival 

newspa;)er i — adj. 

( wi/h ) contenijioraneous 


Contempt ( scorn, disgrace f^’irl 

^0^1?, ^51'! T I — tuoos adj. 

scornfnl ; insolent 

‘n’tlci I — ly adr. s( ornfully OT- 

I —ness >L I Contempt 

of court or of orders ispvfl®!^ l?^it 

I — tibic adj. despicable, vile iff^. 

Contend ( ) r. i. ( a^avisty withy /tir, 

ahovt ) to sii i\'o for C5^1 ; to 

fight witli or against ; to dispute 


' — ing add. striving i 

Content ( ] adj. satisfied <5^ 1 

—ted I — tedness, — ment n. 

^UziS^'^, I —i>. t. to satisfy the 

mind, I0 quiet ■5[^ 

*bii To one's heart's content- cl’lt? 

Content ' ) n. ihe capacity of any- 

tliing «?i^1 I — s n. 

{pi. ) ilic tilings (ontained 

cm c<n^i 

<ti I A table of contents 

-■- ^&Wcfi- I 

Contention ( ) n. strife f^I^1*f, a«lfw^1 ; 

ohjccilon ; debate 5f&?rttF » 

tious adj. quanclsome 

Conterminous ( ) adj. having a 

common Ijoimdary ; con- 
tiguous I Also— minablc, minate 


Contest ( ) n. strife, struggle ^W, 

fwf, f4«t<f, ; 

debate I —V. t. to call in question 

«imf% ; to ftrivc for fajnr^ a>^1 

; to dispute 'eVf 1 — ed 

adj. c^^nr^fir etttn ; I 

— table adj. that may be contested '81t*Tf^ 

Context ( ) the parts of a discourse or 

treatise that precede or follow a sentence 
^<11 "<1 

If the contrary does not appear from 
the caiitext=^Tn^ 

n imt I 

Contexture (^r^-'5‘R3) n. the structure or 
composition of parts 

Contiguous ( ) adj. adjoining, 

near 1 — guity n. 

^^1%, •I'R, 1 — guousness r?. nearness 


Continent ( ) n. a great di\’ision of the 

earth ; the mainland of Fairopc 

I — adj. self-restraining, 
virtuous I — ncnce, 

— ncncy n. chastity >ps3iv, 1 

— tal ad;, pertaining to a continent 

>re#>T, • 

Contingent ( ) adj. depending on 

something else enc^TC^f C^dC^tl lii^l 

; accidental 

C?tlBl » — n. a possible event ; 

a proportion of troops I 

— goicy n. an incidental expense 

ipl j a fortuitous event l 

CoBtfaigent charges ^1CW 

Contimie ( ) v. t. to prolong, to extend 

5»rrt «tt^, ^z^ c^t?i ’ill 

saf’f <(t^, I — V. i. to remain in the 

same state U «lt^, ‘ 

adj. firw, I —nuance n. dura- 


[ 157 ] 


tion i 

— nually adv. ; ^r^* 

C»l«fTf^J?[ I — nuation n. constant succession, 
extension I — nued 

adj. uninterrupted 

WI5T1, I — nuify n. uninterrupted 

connection I — nuous adj. 

united without interruption 
c^Tfc^1?1, I - nuously 

adj. unintci 1 uptedly, unceasingly viic<p- 


I In continuation of my previous 
letter c^U i 

Contort ( ) V, i. to twist, to writhe ^^1, 

I —tion 71. a violent twisting 
I —ted adj. twisted C3I1?1, ♦It^ 


Contour ( } n. the outline of a figure 

51^1 fw?n ^f5, ; c-5«nf5® i 

Contra ( ) adv. and pref>. opposite, 

against I Per 

contra i 

Contraband ( j adj. prohibited , 

illegal I —n. 

prohibited traffic 

Contraception ( ) n. resisting 

conception by artificial means i 

Contract ( ) v. t. to draw together 

; to shorten 

; to acquire 'Sltfi »1, *11 ; to bargain for 
; to betroth 

f^ar^l I — V. i. to shrink ’*rt, 

C^n^U^ cmt^TTl ? I —ted adj. narrow, 
selfish ci'ii, I To contract friendship 
=1%CS^1 ^ I To contract a debt^ilt-t ^isn i 
To contract a disease =^Ttr*t 9\ ; 

'«nfw-»f I 

Contract ( ) n. an agreement, a formal 

bond I —tor 

I — tile, — tible adj. capable of being 
contracted W, I 

Breech of contract- i Verbal con> 
tract ; work done 
for a fixed sum ‘ Contract work=&^ 


Contradict ( ) v. t. to oppose by 

words ; to gainsay, to 

deny ; to prove to the 

contrary ^f'm^ I — diction 

n. denial, inconsistency 

I — dictory adj. inconsistent, disagreeing 

Contradistinction ( ) n. distinction 

by contrast '0«TC'5^, I — guish 

V. t. to mark the difference 

Contralto ( ) n. the lowest vioce in 

music fTJ3Jl I 

Contrary ( ; adj. opposite 

I — n. anything of opposite 
nature • 

Contrariety ) n. ^t?, » 

Contrariwise, — rily adv. on the opposite 

I On the contrary -*rub!5:^, ^ 

^Z^ ; I 

Contrast ( ) v. t. or v. i. to set in 

opposition for comparing 

I — n. 

exhibition for differences 2 1'®? \ , 

Contravene ( ) v. i. to oppose, to 

obstruct 5^1 ^<11 ^t«n OT1 I 

— vention ( — ) n. opposition, violation 
^leinr, ^3^11, I 

Contretemps ( ) n. an untimely 

accident ClW ^6^1 i 

Contribute ( ) v. t. to pay along 
with others for a common purpose C*f, 
TO ^«ri c*f ; to supply 
an article to a journal 

CW I — V. i. to bear a part in c^lT^l ; to aid 
>rTO ^ ' — bution «. a collection, anything 
paid in aid ^51, ; a written article 


t 158 ] 


supplied to a journal 

' “butive, — butory adj. helping 
I — butor n. one who contributes 

» To lay 

under contribution 

I Contributory negli- 
gence-negligence of an injured person to 
take proper care against a<'{ idem 

Contrite ( ) adj. worn with sorrow 

for sin, penitent 1 Contrition n. 

remorse ‘ Also Contriteness n. 

Contrive t,. /. to invent, to 

plan ijiiir, 1 

— vance n. invention ; plan ^*1111, 

; an artifice 1 — ver n. 

an artificer t 

Control ( 5 J 5 JT I'gij ) ,j. restraint, command, 

authority to check W^IST, tjf%^ 

I — u, t. to check, to govern tjt% 
»rrvi5T 1 Controllable 

adj. subject to control 

I Controller, Comptroller 
n. one who c;hecks the accounts 

Controversial ( ) adj. relating 

to controversy irS|^ 1 

— ist 11. disputant 1 Controversy 

n. a discussion, a debate 

I Controvert v. t. to oppose, 
to argue against 

I Controvertible adj. 

Contumacious ( ) obstinate, stu- 

bl)orn RSf^f i 

— ly adv. Contumacy n. dis- 


I Contumely ( inso- 
lence, reproach 1 

Contumelious ( ) adj. 

insolent, obstinate l 

Contuse ( ) v. t. to bruise ’!f5l 1 

— tusion n. a bruise in the body 

Conundrum ( ) n. a sort of riddle 
; &t 5 T ait I 

Convalesce ( ) v. i. to recover 

health in i — lescence, 

— lescency n. gradual recovery of health 
from sickness ^^'\, 

^■9^1 I Convalescent adj. 

in k$t?n I 

Convection ( ) «• ulltSF 

Convene ( ^sT-%iT ) v. t. to call together 
^ 1^5 Cin6l I —V. i. to assejnl)lc 
iJta, >T^1 nfts I Convener n. 


Convenient ( ) adj. fit, suitalde 

; handy 35591 1 — nience 

n. an adv'antagc, suitableness 591, 

I — ly adv. advantageously 
59f I 

Convent ( ) n. a monastery, an 

association of religiously scefiuded persons 

Convention ( ) «. an asseml)ly of 


>^^51 j a temporary treaty 
; ‘^m cstablislied usage C«f»TtBt^ l 
— tional adj. formed b)' agreement fitC'Sf 
♦flf 5 c^r^i, ; 

customary 1 Conventionality 11 . 

C?*Tt 5 t^ I 

Converge ( ) v. i. to lend to one 

point ^1, 

5tfn I - gent, - ging adj. - 

Conversazione ( ) n. a 

meeting for conversation 

"^531 >1^1, Vl«1 I ( f)l. 

— versazioni ). 


[ 159 3 


^lonverse ( ) v. i. to talk familiarly 
^ I Conversable adj. 
sociable 'Blfsit’ft Conversant adj. fami- 
liar Wt^, ; acquainted by study 

I Conversation n. 

familiar discourse 

I —sational adj. i 

Converse ( ) n. that which is opposite 

of another Tl i — ity 

adj. reversed in order I 

— ly adv. I —version n. changing, 

alteration i 

Convert ( ) v. one that has changed 

his religion '5rt^ t{*6^ 

> — V. t. to change 

to another form, religion or state 

^»|1, I — tible adj. that 

may be converted 
*R1 I 

Convex ( ) adj. rising in a vault 

outside ' ( oppo- 
site of Concave ) • Convexo- 

concave i 

Convexity n. « 

Convey ( ) v. i. to carry 

l9\ 511 ; lo transmit ; to impart (pf ; 

to transfer ^STR^js c^f ; to steal 

I — able adj. I 

— ance n. means of conveying 

; a vehicle Tn5TT[t^ 

'^u vrpfi, 

C*Tt»l1 ; act of conveying properties 

I It does not convey 
the idea=-? ^ i 

Please convey my thanks to='®i^ii? 

C5it^ I A deed of conveyance 

njf' — ancer=^m^5r^^«i ^ 

Convict ( ) V. t. to prove to be guilty 

^ I — n. one convicted of a crime 

• — viction n. act of proving 

or declaring guilty ^*1, «rtl, 

; strong belief 

«r«l« I — tive adj. I Carry 

conviction fiTiTli atvt i 

Convince ( ) v. i. to satisfy by 

evidence finsi? f^l, filTt’l WVI, 
nrf^ I — cible, — cing adj. f^TTWR^, 

5r5T?W^^ \ 

Convivial ( ) adj. festive C15tW 

; jovial I —ity 

n. I 

Convoke ( ) v. t. to call together, to 

convene «;t^9 V\^, I —voca- 

tion n. act of convoking «rT55T^, an assem- 
bly of the heads of a university 
<5r<ltV ; a synod of clergy 

>1^1 t 

Convolve ( ) v. t. to roll together 

CSR , ♦t*!, I Convolution n. the act 

or rolling together, a twisting cspf, 

I —luted adj. CW^TtTI, 

^ I 

Convoy ( ) n. a protecting force, an 

escort at9TW3!^91 ; C^r>-C^*I1^ 

Cirtn fW1 ; 

I — V. t. to accompany for 
defence visits m 1 

Convulse ( ) v. t. to agitate violently 

cwTeita, ir1% vn ewt-^^ 1 

— vulsion n. a violent spasm ^tW- 

I ( ) I 

— vulsive adj. spasmodic vf^Tt afw 

Cony, Coney ( 59 -f^ ) «. a rabbit "f^nW i 
Cony burrow =-»r9t*fa^ 1 

Coo {'^ ) v.i. to make a noise as a dove 

irr« I To bill 
and coo = to converse amorously CSTSTWt^f 

Cook ( ) ) t;. t. to |Mrepare food for the 

table t^wl, ^1W 1 ( colbq ) to tamper 

with account &c. Wt*T 


t 160 ] 


I — n. one who cooks ; j 

—room I — ery n. the art j 

or act of cooking i Too j 

many cooks spoil the broth ^ltl> j 

*(^^1 > Cook up— to concoct | 

mfw ^ I I 

Cool ( ) adj. somewhat cold cS&1, j 

; calm “T1^ ' ~v. t. or v. i. ' 

to make or grow cool 

“It'S I — headed “It'S, 

I ' — ness 1 . slightly cold ; 

want of zeal I — Iv adv. i 

Coolie, Cooly ( ) n. an Indian labourer 


Coom ( ) n. coal that gathers at the mouth j 

of an oven i 

Coomb ( ) n. a hollow i^ctwven two hills 

^3^^ ; a measure —4 bushels 8 ^C*I3^ 


Coon ( ’'^*1 ) ^ sly fellow i 

Coop ( ) n. a cask ; a cage for 

small animals i — v. t. to con- 

fine ^ I — per n. a maker of casks 

tubs etc. ^1, ^<11, C5c^f>l 


Co-operate ( ) v. i. to walk with 
others i 

— ration n. joint lal^our 

I — rativc adj. working togetlier 

I ^o-operator n. 

7i?5:5n€l t 

Co-opt ( ) V t. to elect by the 

members to be one amongst them 

«T I —option n. 

election by votes of the members 
?s^«l I 

Co-ordinate ( ) adj. holding the 

same rank or degree ; R^1R 

I — V. t. to make equal in rank 
R 5 R I - n. >1?1^»1T 

Coot ( ) n. a short-tailed water fow'l 

with a white spot on the head 

Cootie ( ) n. ntf^l «1^1, ( C^CR 

) I 

Cop ( ^*1' ) n. a conical bail of thread on 
a spindle i ( Slavg ) a j^olice 

man I ^v. t. ( Slang ) to 

capture itR i 

Copal ( ) n. a resinous substance 

Coperciner ( ) n. a joint licir 'R^JlR 


Copartner ( ^’-'®tl$Rr«^ ) n. a joint itariner 

t5fsi:5t«? I ship n. C®r1Clt"nsT^, 

C5t?n ^^’31, I 

Cope ( ) Ti. a <:ov(‘ring for the head 

I Coping , Stone ^^^*1 
f»r^ I 

Cope ( ; r, i. to conltMid cNcnly c^l- 

C'jf, 5 ; to vie wiili nr« ! 

Copious :' ■-'515; ) adj. o\'ci How iiig ])!entiful 

Copper ( ) n. a metal oC wliich pices 

arc made i — adj. anything made of 

copper I - plate i 

Copperas ( ) n. sulphate of iron 


Copra ( ) ft. dried kernels of coconut 

R!r<<5Sl I 

Copse ( ) n. ii wood of small growth 

for periodic cutting I 

Copula ( ) n. lliat which joins together 

; the word that unites the suljject 
and predicate Rt5ig1?d i —late v. 1. or 
i. to unite in pairs i — lativc 

adj. uniting I — lation n. 


Copy ( ) n. a transcript, that which is 

imitated or is to be imitated R^^»l, 

C^«n ; any single book »<1«IR, 


[ 161 ] 


( ) I — V. t. to imitate, to write 

from an original i — book '5rtw4- 

I —right 51^5jst^5| c^U^^ f^tsTn 

I — ist =T^«T 

Hf^BT I —writer Wt^4> CcTT^t^l ' 

Coquet ( ) v. t. to attempt to excite 

admiration or love *loTl^ 

61, I 

— V. t. to trifle in love, to flirt with 
^»rtl 316; 

^1-C^STt? C*f«n i —try n. act of 

coquetting ill I 

— quette «. a vain woman, <a flirt ^1$^^ 
^6#, I —adj. Coquettish 

^6^ I 

Coral ( ^c:?c=^ ) «. a genus of animals and 

their shells growing in the sea C'^Tltsi, 

I Coralline adj. of or like coral 
C*ftflT»I^ I Coral-reef cm ^1c?l 
C5t3l I —head i 

Corbie ( ) n. a raven i — 

messenger —1% 

I — steps •^--■ scries 
of steps like projections on cither side of 
gable ft«R TO 


Cord ( ) n. a small rope > 

— age w. a quantity of ropes used for rigging 
. something resembling 
a cord C^tcm 

Spinal cord^^tW^t® i 

Cordate ( ) adj. heart-shaped leaf or 

shell etc. 


Cordial ( ) adj. hearty, sincere 

1%^^ I — any- 
thing that cheers the heart 111 ^^1 

' — ity n. sincerity 

’RTO I — ly adu. ^^Z^Z^, 

C^C^, t (L. cor, 

cordis —hc^rt.) 

Cordon (^^s[) n. tt ribbon as a badge of 

honour cw\^ m ftf'^1 ; 

a line of sentries guarding a place 

I Broke through the 
cordon ir»i i 

Cordovan ( ) n. 

«tire?i< I also Cordwain. 

Core ( ) n. the heart <1^f%w1 

the inner part of a fruii ^c], 

*TT9 I Cored adj. without core »tt5 
«3r^i?i I 

Co-rclative see Correlate. 

Co-religionist ( ] n. one of the 

same religion *1*^^ '^1'^?^, i 

Co-respondent ( y t.’ a man 

sued for adultery 

Corf ( j n. cage for keeping fish alive in 
water >twl ; 

large basket formerly used for hauling 
up coal from the mine 


Coriander ( ; n. an aromatic' plant 

and its seed m CSTC^pf, *f^^1 'Of^ I 

Corinthian ( ) adj. ;eT5^ 

Cork ( ^^; ) a species of oak nee or its bark 
§1^ ; a. stopper ! 

— V. 1. to stop with a cork 
C»f I — screw ti. a screv\' for drawing corks 
from Ijottlcs |^‘^1 

Cormorant ( ) n. a kind of voracious 

sea-birds vafjjit 6^1^ ; a glutton 

?[1 > 

Corn ( ) «. a grain, grain of all kinds 

^tf^f *1^, »T? I — V. t. to preserve 
grains with salt 5!t’*r I 

— binmw, I —field c«ff^ 

I — chandler » — flour 

I —fly c^iT-^ I 


[ 162 ] 


— weevil— a small insect destructive to 
stored grains ^(5 i 

Com ( ) n. a small hard growth on the 

loc ?tf% I 

— y adj. horny, hard like corn 

I Tread on one’s corns 

Cornea ( ) n. a horny transparent 

membrane in the fore-part of the eye 

Corner ( ^«it^ ) n. an angular point, a secret 
place ; a difficult position 

1 — V. t. to put in a 

corner, to put in a difficult position 
C»f9l1, I —stone 

n. principal stone of the corner of a 

foundation i — v»ise i 

Cut off a corner =10 take a shortcut 

I Keep a comer tit 
«f I Done in a corner C^U^I 
^5r I Turn the corner 


Cornet ( ) n. a musical instrument of 

brass I 

Comice ( ) n. the top of a wall, a plaster 

moulding ^tf%, 

1 —hook 

^T^-STt^l I 

Cornicle ( ) n. a little horn ; 

— -culate adj. f^®t®T, *fnr 1 —form 

1% I 

Corny I 

Corolla ( ) n. the inner circle of a flower 

f%'3^5r c«rf»i I 

Corollary ( ) an inference trom estab- 
lished facts, a result t%9it^, 


Corona ( ) the luminous circle 

round the moon isw^ 


Coronal ( ) n. a crovm, a garland 

^rfiPlI ; the frontal bone in the 
head vtw i 

Coronation ( ) n. the act of crowning 

a sovereign ^Wl ^jstsr, ^tW 

Coroner ( officer that inquires 

into the causes of suspicious deaths 

Coronet ( ) n. a crown worn by the 

nobility tst®? 


Corporal ( ) n. a non-commissioned 

officer in the army 

Corporal ( ) adj. pertaining to the 
body, not spiritual 

<Tt^ t — ly adv. Corporate adj. united, 
legally formed into a body 'srt^sT’IC^ 

I — ^ration n. a society authorised 
by law to act as one individual 
’^'STStat^ ^ef I —punishment 

»ftf% i 

Corporeal ( ) adj. having a body 
*r4*l^ «t5ir), ; material 1 

— ist n. materialist * 

Corps ( ^'^ ) pi. Corps ( ) n. a divi- 
sion of an army t 

Corpse ( ) n. the dead body of a human 

being 1 

Corpulence,— cy ( ) n. fleshiness 

^r^Tl • —lent adj. 

fat, fleshy 

C9itt<rt?n I 

Corpus ( ) n. a body C?^fj ; the body 

of literature on a subject C<Plt*l1 
»lt3r»l^ • 

Corpuscule ( ) n. a minute parti- 
cle * 

Corral ( '^Tt»r ) n. a cattlc-pcn 

I — V. t. to form a corral with 


[ 163 ] 


mv ; to confine in a 
corral ?t«r » 

Correct ( ) adj. right, free from 

fault T99i, I • — V. t. to make right, 

to amend C»f1^ 

tl5l , to punish I — ly adv. 

I --ness n. state of being correct 
( — tion n. amendment 

C*rt<(=T ; punishment W'Q i 

— tive adj. capable of correcting 

Correlate ( ) v. i. to be mutually 

related 91^ i-®'5rj I — ^tive 

adj. mutually related 


Correspond ( ) v. i. ( too, with ) to 

write to, communicate by letter f5lS^i3 
, to suit, to answer 5, 

5 I — dence n. harmony, agreement 
fsT^, ; interchange of letters 

fb'fenca ; letters 

which pass between persons • 

Correspondent adj. suitable i 

— n. one with whom an intercourse is 
held by letters ; one who 

contributes to a journal 

I — ding adj. agreeing 
with ; suiting 


Corridor ( ) n. an open gallery or a 

passage in a building 

Corrigendum ( ) n. that which 

requires correction i (pi) 

Corrigenda n. necessary corrections in a book 
^•sZ^U^ I 

Corrigible ( ) adj. that may be 
corrected i 

Corroborate ( ) v. t. to confirm 

I —Corroborative adj. 
tending to confirm \ — ration n. 

confirmation I 

Corrode ( ) to eat away gradually, 
to rust IjiZ'St W9 WA. «rft C^t, I 

Corrodent adj. having the power of 
corroding n^1, I 

Corrosive adj. eating away gradually aa»nr 

Corrugate ( ) v. t. to draw into folds, 

to contract C^t5 I Corruga- 
ted-iron ^9rl 

Corrupt ( ) V. t. to make putrid 

C-^Tc^l, ; to defile ; to 

debase ; to bribe i — adj. 

putrid C'5T9Tb *tFl ; depraved » 

— V. t. to become impure C^, OT1 
? f — tive adj. i — tible adj. capable 

of being corrupted ^fkA n^1 i 

— tibility n. i — ruption n. rottenness 

; depravity 

; bribery c®^-C«Jtn I 

Corsage ( ) n. the bodice of a woman 

Corsair ( ) n. a privateer *f3P-Wt^W 

C7\t ; a pirate i 

Corset ( ) n. a closely fitting innci 
bodice of a woman 
Trt»(f^^1, -tfl 1 

Corslet, Corselet ( ) r?. an armour for 

the body ; CW^aSt-l l 

Cortege ( ) n. a train of attendant ^ 

C^t«1 I 

Cortex ( ^6^ ) n. bark ; the outer 

grey matter of the brain ; 

the outer part of the kidney 
« —pL Cortices. 

Cortical ( ) adj. belonging to bark 
; external i 

Corundum ( ^^t'Ots{ ) n, a precious mineral ajf^ir 

ah; i 

Coniscant ( ) adj. flashing vpp?rtn \ 

Coruscate v. i. to sparkle » 


[ 164 ] 


Corvee ( ^-c«’ ) n. an obligation on the 
rayats to work gratuitously for the sove- 
reign W1 i 

Corvine ( ) adj. pertaining to the crov 

Co-sharer { ) n. one who shares 

equally with others I 

Co-signatory ( joining with 

others in signing tiCt i 

Cosine ( ) n. {abbr. cos) the sine of the 

complement of an angle ^'*S- 

c^t*r^ I 

Cosmetic ( ) adj. improving beauty 

I —n. a 

wash for beautifying the hair and skin 

TS?lf 5 { ^511 J[ 9 \’S^ ; I 

Cosmic, sec Cosmos. 

Cosmogony ( ) n. the theory of the 

origin and creation of tlie world 
5 s! I — nist ?i. one who investi- 
gates the theory of the creation 

Cosmography ( ) n. the science of 

the constitution of the universe ^5!^^ 

— phical adj. i 

Cosmology ( ■<P'Sf^'stsjis^ ) n. a treatise on the 
con.stituiion of the universe 1 

— logisf fL I 

Cosmopolitan, Cosmopolite ( 

^ ) n. a citizen of the world 

; one who is free 

from al! prejudices 

C^T^P, ftr I 



Cosmorama ( ) n. a series of 
views of the world t 

— ramie adj. 

Cosmos ( ^«r-ir67 ) n. the world ^ 

I -— mic adj. orderly 
f^tf^ I ( opp. to Chaos ). 

Cosset ( ) n. a pet lamb ; 

I —v. i. to pet 


Cost ( ) n. price paid C^ 5 , W^, * 

— s ( pi.) expenses of a suit C*rt 4 S^>lt 4 
I — V. t. to require to be laid out 
^5|F 5lt^, I — ly adv. high priced, 

valuable i The suit 

was decreed with costs 

I It cost me five rupees ^ 

I At any 

^1 I —free 

^1^15 I —price ?t?r I Prime cost== 


Costa ( ) n. a rib nafJf, 1 —I 

adj. I 

Costard ( ) n. a kind of apple 


Costermonger ( ) n. a seller of 

fruits tp»f i 

( »T5Jf ) I 

Costive ( ) adj. constipated 

I —ness n. c*1^5 C<(t!:»ltFl C5=ltnjm 

Costume ( ) n. style or mode of dress 

5 Tt‘W, <t^«l 1 — mer ti. one who 

makes or deals in dress 

Cosy, Cozy ( ^’-fv ) adj. comfortable 1 

— n. a covering for a tea-pot i 

Cot ( <p'^ ) n. a hut, a cottage ♦f^Fl ; a 
small bed *I?J]1 ; a swinging bed of 
canvas in a ship 55«f1 


Cote ( ) n. a pen, place for animals 

I Dove cote or Dove-cot 

Cotemporaneous sec Contemporaneous. 

Coterie ( ) «. a number of persons 
meeting togetficr in some purpose 


Coterminous same as Conterminous. 

Cottage ( ) n. a small dwelling house 


f 165 ] 


a hut ♦fWl, yjij I — ger n. one 

who dwells in a cottage 

Cotton ( ) fi. vegetable wool obtained 
from the seeds of cotton-plant ; 

cloth made of cotton i 

— adj. made of cotton ( — v. i. to 

associate with, to agree v[*!\ ^ j 

Cotyledon ( the seed leaf 

•ft^j C^'G 

Couch ( ) V. t. to lay down on a bed or 

squat «f, ; to lower stul ; to arr- 

ange in language, to express 

?S‘< I — V. t. to lie down »l5rrf^ 

; to sloop as in fear 
or reverence C^Tt^CUti^ 5 I ~n. a bed W1, 
"fl^ ; a place for rest ; 

the lair of a wild beast W'^ «r?sl 

C^N I - -chant adj. lying down of a beast 
with the head up iftf« C^Wt «f^1 ; 
'0^ «r?5l I To couch a spear ^?l«rr^T5T^ 

I Couch grass 

Cough ( ) n. an effort of the lungs to 

throw ofl' phlegm ^1? i — v. i. 

t — r. t. C<J^ 


Could ( ) pa. t. of Can. 

Couloir ( ) n. a ravine filled with 

snow c»lH1 t 

Coulter, Colter ( ) n. the iron cutter 

in front of a ploughshare ^31 I 

Council ( ) n. an assembly conv'ent^d 

for consultation or advice 

I — lor n. member of a council 
’T^T, \ Legislative council ==^1^ Wl, 

^^1 I Privy council— '51 

I Council-chamber =5[9<n< 

I Councillor n. member of a council 
I —of ministers t 

Counsel ( ) t?. deliberation, advice 
; a barrister or advocate 
I — r. t. to advice 
Of I — llor ti. one who counsels 

f?d®1 1 To keep counsel— to keep 
a secret ^T«r i 

Count ( ) /•. a title of nobility of the 

rank of an English Earl lil^l ^’51t*T^F^ 

I ( —fern. Countess ) . 

Count ( ) V. t. to reckon, to number 

C®T^, 5f«l, ‘5T*f5?1 ; to esteem, to consider 

esftf^ 9T, t5l^, srqj I —V. i. to 

depend, to add to ^?r, CtTf^ I — n. 

act of numbering ^T*TST1, ; number 

; an item of a charge c^tr^^l 
ifTPi I — ^blc adj. I To be counted 

on one’s finger's end — i 

Count upon- - to rely upon 

I That does not count 

Countenance ( ) n. the face, appear- 
ance I — -:a /. to support, 

to favour, to patronise ^'*1^ C^, 

I In countenance = unabashed 

I To change 

countenance ^ i His count- 
enance fell - - ^1 

=^3fl I 

Counter ( ) adv. against in oppo- 
sition U^l^, —adj. con- 
trary I Run counter 

^ I Counter claim = oppo- 
site claim ttdft 5T1 I 

Counter ( ) «• a table on which 

money is counted or transacted 


Counteract ( ) v. t. to act in opposi- 

tion, to hinder 

I — action n. opposition ^1W5, 

Counterbalance ( ) v. t. to weigh 

against >1^15? l — /i. an equal 


[ 166 ] 


weight or influence on the opposite side 
y['sr\^ ’R'tiR I 

Counter-blast [ ) n. something 

done in opposition to another thing 

Counter-bond ( ) w. 

^ ^1 
f??1 i 

Counter-charge ( ) n. an opposite 

charge, a cross charge 

Counter-charm ( ) n. any charm 

which baffles another charm 'ec^ttsl- 


Counter-cheek ( ) n. a rebuke 

Counter-current ( ) «• a current 

in the opposite direction ^1^^ 

^sTf5 I 

Counter-evidence ( n. 
asit*i I 

Counterfeit ( ) adj. pretended, 

forged, false irt^l, f^Wl, >iWl, f l — v. t. 
to imitate, to forge 

-yif 5^1 >j-|<^ I — er n. «rt»f 


Counterfoil ( ) n. the correspon- 

ding part of a cheque or a receipt ^^9!, 


Countermand ( ) n. a revocation 

of an order already given l 

— V. t. to revoke an order 


Counter-march ( ) n. a marching 

in an opposite direction ‘ST^^, 

C^t^tciJl I — V. i. to march back 
in a contrary direction I 

Countermark ( ) n. an additional 

mark on goods i 

Countermine ( ) v. t. to mark a 

contrary mine Wt^W Tl 

; to defeat by 

secret means C^ttn^^T 

^v\ TSZ9\ f^tpsi <5^ 1 — n. I 

Counter-motion ( ) n. opposite 

movement i 

Counterpart ( ) n. a corresponding 

of part » 

Counterpoise ( ) v. t. to balance 

to weigh against etp^ i — n. 

an equal weight in a scale 


Countersign ( ) v. t. to sign in 
addition to the signature of another 

— n. a military private sign or word 
r^f^ai I —signature n. 

5fl, I 

Countervail ( ) v. t. to act against 

with equal effect ^ ; 

nl ; to compensate -15^? i 

Counterview ( ) n. contrast, 


Counter-work ( ) v. i. to work 

in opposition to ?1 T^^Z^ C4tC^1 


Countess, see Count. 

Countless ( ) adj. numberless, 


Country ( ) n. rural region around a 

city, a tract of land '35{SP#T, C^*f ; native 
place ^1 it?, I —adj. rural, 

rustic I —folk n. ( pi . ) 

I ■ — chouse, — seat 
vr< I — man=a farmer 

; one of tlic same country 
C»lt^ i —made goods t 

County ( ) n. a shire, a district ^5p»T, 

fw»l1 I 

Coup ( f) n- a blow, a stroke ci^Tl, ^[*»n, 
<611 I — de grace = any decisive stroke 
c*r»i > —de main=^^il^ 

[ 167 J 


I Coup d’etat ( ) a violent 

or illegal change of government 

ouple ( ) n. a pair ; two of a kind 
joined together c^t^, ; man 

and woman ^r?r1 I —v. t. or 

V. i. to join together ^Tf1 ; to mate 

'ouplet ( ) n. two lines of verse 
rhyming with each other fg’lift ¥Hf i 
'oupling ( ) n. that wliich connects 

an appliance in machinery 


’’oupon ( ) n. a slip of ])aper attached to a 

counterpart C§t^‘1 ; billet I 

’ourage ( ) e. bravery, daring spirit 

5^15 I — geous adj. fnll (»!' vourage, brave 

f'' »a, I 

'Jourier ( ) n. luesseuger, a runner 

; a travelling 

attendant I 

Course ( running 5tf^ ; 

a passage ; the direction in which 

one goes ; a 

race 91^ ^1 ; progress C^tCHl 

; staled method or proceed- 
ing HU], 5Tf% ; ; 

a prescribed series C^HTsil 
^1 ^^-61 ; a division of a meal 


C^tC^Tl ; conduct i {pi . ) n. the 

niemes i In due course 

lieu's I He knows not what course to 
pursue =-1^ f% I 

Of course i In course =^9it3i*^^r, 

I The course of a river ^ 

I The Entrance Course= 
♦iftvFt? » The race course== 

C^t^1 9l^^1 C^t^1 C«f»K tit • 

Court ( ) n. a space surrounded by 

houses «rc?r? tit, CFh5t»T ; the 

residence of a sovereign 

^W1-^ ; the retinue or council of sovereign 
^tW->f®1, ; a place of justice 

"Sltsitsi^, tn, ; >3)t?it5T5 I 

To pay court =- to pay attention, to show 
civility i — t. to 

solicit, to seek c<r1^, 

C*R I — ing «. wooing i 

-~ly adj. elegant i --dress 

C^ltFl^ I —fool 55®rf^ 31^1 

C^tCi^l 1 —house 

I ~~of small causes i Civil 

court 1 Revenue court 

I — day i 

—yard C^W\^ , ®t5F3^ i -martial n. a 
court to try oOcnees under the military 
laws fkv\^ I {pi.) Courts- 

martiak High court i 

Courteous ( j adj, jtolitc, obliging 

I — ness ?/. i 

Courtesy ( ) a. ])o!iieiics.s, civility ^"Sl 

I —titles I 

Courtier ( ) n. one who Ircquont.s a 

court ?1 ; one 

who solicits favours '®r^a 

Courtship ( ) ;». the act of wooing 

Cousin ( ) n. llio son or daughter of 

an uncle or aunt <11 

3^1 'sflrTi^ I — german n. a first ( ousin 

‘-^1 3!i i 

Cove ( ) ”• a small creek or hay 

Ci5l^t^ ; a cevern Ctttni ; a 

concave vault i 

Covenant ( ) to a mutual agree- 

I — V. t. to enter into 
an agreement ^^5 i 

adj. holding a position under a contract 


[ 168 ] 


Cover ( ) V. t. to hide, to screen iTt^, 


; to incubate ^STl ; to extend over <1t4, 
; to be sufficient for 
; to shelter C'f, ^**^1 l — v. i. 

nt^, I The land cover- 
ed by Patta ---nfet^ ^tf5 i — «. that 

which protects t»l?5ST, 

; a shelter ^U, ; 

the table-requisites for a person 

( c^i:^ 

) ; pretence Wo»i i — ing «. anything 
spread over Wt^, 

Ctt5, U^PI I To cover a 

landings to give shelter to land 


I Covering i Coverage 

^1 Wts?#tC9 *f^1 I Cover-girl i\U ^f<Z^ 


Coverlet ( ) n. bed-cover t55i«-n^1 i 

Covert ( ) adj. concealed, secret, 

'O'® I — n. a shelter i 

Coverture ( ) n. shelter ; the 

condition of a married woman as under 
the protection of her husband 

I — ly adv. in 

concealed manner 

I —coat ^z^] C6t211 I 
Covet ( ) V. t. to wish for eagerly C^t’® 

I — able adj. 

I — ous adj. avaricious, greedy for 
a gain i 

— tousness n. eager, desire for gain 

Covey ( ®’f® ) n. a brood of birds 
^w\^y cntTfsil^ I 
Covinous, Covenous ( ) adj. deceitful 

Si^U^ I 

Cow ( ) n. the female of the bull 

C^Z^1 C^tZ^I C^Z^ Cow-buffalo, 

Cow-elephant, — berry i — boy ^- 
^^^1 »ITI I —calf W, C*rf?t«^^ I 

— herd=one who herds cows i — Chouse 

C^t^tf^ I —leech c^vpf Cbtn i 

—pox C'iji Vl^ ^Z^i^ I Cow- 

pea ^C91ZW^1 5115 I 

Cow ( ) r. t. to subdue 5*T wt CW ; 

to intimidate ; dishearten 

I — ed adj. depressed ®S® C&’ftC’irUll, 

Coward ( ) n. one wanting courage, a 

timid fellow 5tt^^ i — |y adj timid, 

mean I — liness n. 

I —dice /z.timidity ®ii, 


Cower ( ) v. i- to crouch in fear ®?® 

c^m ^1 I 

Cowl ( ) n. a monk’s hood 

chimney cover Cn'Hll at^1 

Cowrie, Cowry ( ) n. \ 

Cowslip ( ) n. a kind of primrose 

n«rf^® i 

Coxcomb ( ) n. a fool, a fop W‘^ 

^1^ f«r5 
5ltf^ ^^1 I 

Coxswain, Cockswain ( ) n. an officer 

who takes care of a boat under a superior 
officer ort5t«R^t:5|^ i 

Coy ( ) adj. modest, shy I 

— ^ncss n. 

Cozen ( ) v. t. to cheat ^»i1, 5»l i — er n. 

a®1^^ i 

Crab ( ) n. a well-know shell-fish 

; a sign of the zodiac t 

a kind of wild apple tree or its fruit 
?I1 —louse 

1 Crabbed adj. harsh, peevish 

C^&5l-C«n:«^1 ; difficult C^N, 

Crack ( (ap5^ ) n. a sudden splitting sound 
»r^ ; a chink ^ f^Tl i 
■—V. t. to split ^ WW1 ^f»ra1 I — r. *. 


[ i-j ] 


'6»I1 I — er n. one who 
or that which cracks ^1 ; 

a boaster ; a small fire- 
work I — ‘brained adj. crazy ^t«rl- 

; damaged 'SSfl i 

Crackle ( ) v. L to give out frequent 
^1 «t<f I 

Chicknel=<i)f^«( i 

Cradle ( C3F^®"*1 ) n. a bed for rocking 
children ; 

infancy C^^?rl ^5Tl ; place of rearing 
c??t?[1 I —V. t. to lay 
in a cradle c^^?n i From the 

cradle i 

Craft ( ) n. art, trade fkm, 

; an employment ; small 

vessels WTi^t^ ; artifice f ^tf%, 

I — man n. a mechanic 

I — loess n. ^^1, I Crafty 

a4j, cunning, artful FT^T^, 


Crag ( ^ rough steep rock 

C*ftC<rt^1 f«f? I — gy adj. rough, 

rugged i 

Cram ( ) v. t. to press close ; 

to fill full '6*n5^^ ; to prepare super- 

ficially for an examination 

'Gn:^ f^iPl (Tf I —V. i. to eat 
greedily C^Tt^f^f <rl ; to get up a 

subject by cramming ^«ns c^tc^l 

^<*rl 'srr'STl \ — ming n. i 

Cramp ( C3P*^ ) n, a. spasm involuntary 
contraction of muscles ; 

a piece of iron bent at the ends wt^f^ 
C»|1 I — V. t. to confine, to affect with 
spasms C#t5t^ «r?, «, 

I Writer’s cramp— ; 

c»i'*n I 

Crane ( CJf^ ) n. a large wading bird with 
long legs ^ 

tfT^r Mtl, ; a machine 


for raising heavy weights 
C^9ttn^1 ; a bent pipe 

I —V. t. or V. i. 

C3p5t ^t:9Tr5r ; to stretch the neck 
c^»r, 'Tin m I 

Cranium ( C3pf%f?T ) n. the skull C'«rW i 
Cranial adj. i 

Crank ( C3P5r; ) n. a bend ; a 

whim ; a lever moved by hand 

I Cranky adj. crooked ; slack 


sided I 
Cranny ( cap^ ) n. a chink tpt& ; a 

crevice i 

Crape ( Clp’T;] ) n. a thinly woven silk fabric 
of black colour used in mourning 

Crapulence ( ) n. sickness due to 
excessive drinking "spr 

C5t?1 ; intemperance I 

Crapulent n. f^W^, 


Crash ( cap’a ) n. a loud noise ^ 

I — V. t. to dash into pieces '5lf^ C^t^T? 

Crasis ( capfs^ ) n. a temperament 

^?rTl « 

Crass ( C3P5 ) adj. thick, dull, dense ’^•T, 
c^iti>i, I 

Crate ( ‘cap^ ) n. a wicker-work case for 

packing something ^fTI 

ntfcf ^^Ttf*r i 

Crater ( ‘captt^ ) n. the mouth of a volcano 

Cravat ( ) n. a neck-cloth ^faTt^Vl, 

c'sic^i » 

Crave ( "cap^r ) v. i to ask for earnestly 
C^rtW ; to long for I5tf^t^ 

I Craving n. desire, long- 
ing for I 


( 170 ] 


CraTen ( ) adj. coward, spiritless 

I —v. t, I 

Craw ( ) n. the stomach of birds or animals 

generally ciJ*tdrtW1, i 

Crawl ( ) V. i. to creep to move slowly 

along the ground ^1, 

Tl 1 — er n. i — ing n. 

cTr?n, I 

CrayjBsh or Crawfish ( ) n. the small 

spiny lobster fw1 ^tl » 

Crayon ( ) n. a pencil made of chalk 

used for drawing ^ 

Cnfwrwt^ fsjff I 

Craze ( 'CIFW; ) v. t. to weaken the intellect 
5J5^, I — V. i. to bcocme mad 

5 I — n. insanity i 

Crazy ( Cfffw ) adj. deranged, frail 

flPPl, 1 Craziness n. 

Creak ( ^ ) n. a sharp grating sound 
^ *nw I 

Cream ( ) n. the oily substance of milk 

W? ; the best part of anything 

I — V. t. or V. i. to 
gather cream, to skim * 

Cream laid— "Jf!? W i 
Ice-cream =^^JP ' — 7 ^dj. 

Crease ( ) n. a mark made by folding 

3|iTcnt< 'Stw f'^, wni 

C^9\rs Ttfw 1^1 I — u. t. to mark 

by folding Wtfn 'StW %Z\ i —v. i. to become 
creased (pnl^iitF <n, ^ i 

Create t'- t, to form out of any- 

thing, to bring into existence 

^ ; to produce WV), 

; to make or invest with an office 
cartr^n C’f I — tion n. the act of 

creating ; the universe 

WWt I — tive adj. having power to create 
^wwast4\, nal I --ator n. a maker 

a^l, 3jwawtwaf, I The Creator=^God 

Creature ( f ) it. a being or thing created 
^ ; a dependent W^T, 

I Creature 

comforts =7Tt?7rrrs85p c^ir, i 

Credence ( ^-c^sp; ) n. belief feTf’T, i 

Credential ( ) adj, giving con- 

fidence 5r^T?W=T^ I — n. ( p[. ) letters assur- 
ing confidence among strangers 

Credibility ( ), Credibicness n. just 

claim to belief i 

Credible (CUf’f®^) adj. that maybe belie- 


I Credibly adv, 


Credit ( C3ff’f%^ ) t. faith f^>T ; honour irR, 
^5^ ; reputation ; sale on trust 

f4#, the time 

given for payment ; the 

side of an account endorsing receipt of 
payment ; (opposite to debit). On 
credit * — V. t, to believe, 

to trust ; to sell or 

lend on trust «rt< C^, C*f, l 

To give on credit=^^t^ C^r \ To carry to 

one’s credit cw i —able adj. 

trust-worthy f^’lT^TC^vir ; praise worthy 

>2t»rt^iri«, »r»tt^-C5T^T t —ably adu. without 
disgrace i — tor n. one 

to whom debt i.s due *Jtr^ fWl <rf^ 

•i^r\ I 

Credulity ( ) n. easy of belief 

f!tTr>T ^^1, i ~OUS adj. 

easy of belief, unsuspecting 
^9 w5ti, I 

Creed ( afl'S^ ) n. any system of belief 
n«f, 4*if^ I 

Creek ( 3P*>^ ) n. a small inlet or bay J#! 9f1 
#tW I 

Creel ( ) r. an angler’s basket \ 

I 171 ] 


Creep (f*r^) ». i. to move like a snake 

; to move slowly 9it:^ Jf5f^ tti i 

( fir, fi. Creeping ; fia. fi. Crept ). 

Creeper ( ) n. creeping plant *1^1, 
^*1 ; a kind of bird 

Cremate ( f ) v, i. 'SRl c*f, ^l^il cntJ i 
— ^tloo n. burning of the dead *rT5, ^^1 
C*fW, I Crematory 

n. a place for burning of dead 

Crenate ( ) ac(i- having the edge not- 
ched ^lti, ) i 

— tion n. I 

Creole ( ) n. a native of American 

colonies descended from European blood 

Creophagous ( f ) aJJ. flesh-eating 

C«ft5l t ( Gr. Ar«aJ~ flesh ; phagein= 
to eat ) . 

Crepe ( ) sec Crape. 

Crepitate ( ) v. i. to crackle 

■1^ ; beetles etc. discharging an 

offensive fluid 

Crepuscole ( ) or Crepuscle 

twilight I 

Crescendo ( fapr^r'Ol ) adj. and adv, gradually 
increasing the musical loudness 


Crescent ( C3PC5^ ) adj. increasing 

; shaded like the new moon 
I — n. the increasing moon 
^•11 ; a figure like the crescent moon 
1%5T ; the Turkish Standard 

Crest ( ) n. the comb on the head of 

a cock or other birds W* ; the 

summit of anything i Crestfallen adj. 
dejected i 

Cretaceous ( ) adj, of or like chalk 

Cretonne ( ) n. a printed covton 
fabric used for curtains *^31^ ^Ttfw 

Crevasse ( fipr55 ) n. a crack or split, espe- 
cially in a glacier 

Crevet ( a goldsmith’s melting pot 

♦ttai I 

Crevice ( Clp’fes" ) n. a crack ; an opening 
1%a>t I 

Crew ( ^ ) n. a ship’s Company ajt^tSFI 
; a gang W9f i ( Crew 

fia. t. of Crow. ) 

Crewel ( ) n. a fine yarn used in em- 
broidery ^^^1 ^^1 tint? 

m 1 

Crib ( ) n. manager c^tTT^s Wt?1 f??1 «Tt3 ; 

a stall for oxen ??1 ; a 

child’s bed C^pl ; a hut nVt?? I 

— V. t. to confine t5rt??i ns?, ?1W ; to pilfer 
?^ ]f? I 

Cribbage ( ^C^Wl ) n. a game at cards 3nr?^? 


Cribble ( ) ”* ^ 

I — V. t. to sift I 

Crick ( ) n. a spasm affecting the neck 

c??tn I 

Cricket ( ) n. an insect allied to grass- 
hopper 1 

Cricket ( ^cns’S" ) n. a game played with bats 
and balls I — er n. ?5T cn«5[?tfl i 

Cried see Cry 

Crier ( 3pt^ltn' ) n. one who cries ^1^1, an 
officer of the court whose duty is to pro- 
claim something publ city '3rT?t»lt5? 
f? tiF-flni c?^t?st:? ?1 T«\^U ^r?t i 

Crime ( 3*1^^ ) n. a violation of laws, offence, 
sin ?t9, ?f^?, CW\^, ^<1?T«f, I 

Criminal ( flpf?:?8=[ ) n. a person guilty of a 
crime C?t?> ?1 ^nnt^ • —adj, 

relating to crime ; guilty of a 

crime c?t^, ?in?1?t, 1 Cnminil 


[ 172 ] 


i — ly adv. 

I Criminality n. i 

Criminate ( ) v. t. to accuse 

I Criminatory 

adj. accusing | 

Crimp ( ) adj, brittle I 

— V. t. to make crisp 

; to decoy ^1 

^51% 1 — n. one who decoys f^ 

Crimple ( ) v. t. to plait, to curl 
C^:%T^1-C^r> ai’fl I 

Crimson ( ) n. a deej^ red colour 

^^•1, ^<61 I — V. t. to dye crimson ^[<&1 

C?t»r C^, ^J61 I 

Crinal ( ) adj. of or relating to hair 

^ I Crinite adj. 

hairy CSTtsit*! I 

Cringe ( ) v. t. to bend with servility 

«tvS 5, f^z^t 5^31 c?t^1 ; to 

flatter meanly f^sf^W'StC^ ^ 311 

9ITI I — ingly adv. C^'G^^S i 

Crinkle ( ) v. t. to twist *[^1, ^1, 

I wrinkle | 

Crinoline ( ) a hooped petticoat 

f? ; a fabric of horse- 
hair and flax »I«1 


Cripple ( ) n. a lame person C«rf<1 3^1 

' —adj. lame C’<rt3|1 ^1 I —v. t. 

to make lame C«rt^1 ; to 

disable \ — ing n. a prop against 

the side of a building C^tt^l i 
Crisis ( ) n. a critical time or turn, 

the decisive moment ci^tc4f% 

C3rt:*a^I^It^ i —pi. Crises ( ) I 

Criss-cross ( fii5-3P5 ) n. a cross-like intersec- 
tion Gn f^f%5n 3;t^t^l!>| —adj. and 

adv. crosswise WZ^ i — v. i. to intersect 
crosswise 3^s^ i 

Crisp ( ft*"**^ ) V. t. to curl or to twist 

^t<P I — adj. having a wavy sur- 
face ^«1, CW'Q^^, C3Pr3»rt^1-C3ir^f^ ; 

brittle > Crisp-cake f^Jl I 

Crisp air I Crisp style of 

writing 3i^3p5t?1 c»l«n, C»I«n i Crispy 
adj. c^5t:’»rt«i, C5i3it’trr9l, i 

Criterion ( ) n. standard of judg- 
ing c^tcstl f^z^ ^w\ 

I ( pi. Criteria ; 

Critic ( fa5f5?f ) n. one skilled in judging the 

quality of any work 0*l 3|r^4h^1, 

Critical ( ) adj. relating to criticism 

CTf^O*! n3ir| ; 

captious vft? <1^1^ *1^ I Critical moment 

Tfii? I 

Criticise ( ) v. t. to judge the merits 

of >rntCW1t^3l1 3^.^ ; to 

censure fwl i Criticism ( ) 
the art or act of judging C^Trt- 

««1 W I 

Critique ( ) n. a criticle examination 

; a review C3irt^1 


Croak ( C35»1^ ) v. i. to utter a hoarse sound 
as a frog or raven C^3(-cM^1, 

3l1 ^fi:^ ?rt® I —n. croaking 

c^«3r I 

Crochet ( C3|»1 C^S’ ) n. a kind of fancy handi- 
work c^«n wt»i-3istc^rf^ i ■- 

Crock ( C3Ft3^ ) n. an earthen pot ^rtfpst *rt3ff ; 
dirt It^, I ( slang ) a disabled or 
inefficient person ^ 

1 — V. i. to become disabled ®l?|r|- 

f^1 5 I 

Crockery ( ) n. earthenware irtf?3| tTfai, 

Crocket ( apf%& ) n. an ornamental decora- 
tion on the sloping side of a pinnacle 

31st^^srtT I 


[ 173 ] 


Crocodile ( ) a kind of alligators 
or gavials i Crocodile 

tears=affected grief 
C^Wt^ I 

Crocus ( 3if«St5‘ ) n. a kind of plant with bril- 
liant purple flowers ; saffron WtSPl-T I 

Croesus ( ) n. a very rich man 

car»r5f • 

Croft ( ) n. a small farm adjoining a 

dwelling ^Ttf? i 

Cromlech ( 3pa{-C»l’<r^ ) a horizontal stone placed 
on a group of standing stones 

aft I 

Crone ( ClPt5=[ ) an old woman (usually applied 
in contempt) i 

Crony ( a*^ ) an old and familiar friend 

Crook ( ^ ) n. a bend or turn 

; an artifice i 

( slang ) a thief C^t?, | — v. t. or v. i. 

to bend I — ed udj. 

bent perverse, not straight C^^1, 

csrrrj^ni, I By hook or 

by crook i Crook- 

edness n. state of being crooked 

Croon V. t. to hum i — ing n. 

ti«f««rrf^ I 

Crop ( ^1^® produce of a field 
»rgF ; an entire ox-hide ^mn^1 

; the stomach of a bird 
I —V. t. to cut off ; to 
mow Clt9f ; to reap or gather 

»rv 5ni ^1 ; to yield I 

Crop-sick i Double- cropped land 

=>iic^ c«rf^ c^t«i ^tRi I Crop 

out='6^t»l n< I Crop up=to come 

up incidentally C^tC^n 

'6*11 1 Neck and crop - entirely 

Cropper ( aF*rt^ ) one who or that which 
crops >1?, 

I Come a cropper=to have a 
fall ^ I 

Croquet ( ) n. an outdoor game 
c^9n I 

Croquette ( 3|i-c*P'^ ) a ball of fried meat or 
fish %w\ I 

Crore ( ) n. the sum of ten millions 


Crosier ( ) n. a staff mounted with 

a cross ap5 W'5 ( 

«t^1 ) I 

Cross ( 3P5; ) n. a gibbet for hanging offen- 

; the symbol 

of the Christian religion 

( + ) • Cross and pile —obverse and 
reverse side of a coin C^1c*^1 ^^1^ 

^R> i 

Cross ( ^51 ) adj. transvei se, lying across 

; inter- 
changed ; peevish 

C^tCsrt^l ; dishonest l — n. mixing of 
breeds ( as of cattle ) t — v. t. 

to draw a line across another 

viitstsT •f’ldRlN «f, "HU; 

to cancel by drawing cross lines 
C9\9i'\ ; to thwart ^t*t1 ®r^1, 

; to pass from one side to other 
^11 nl^ I 

—V. i. ^ I —action Nscstt^l i 

— bar=a transverse bar 'St* i 

—beam isf^ i —bill 

I —birth 1 

— bow I —breed or breeding 

'*(5R, C®T1^ ^1 I —cut 

t — cut V. t, to cut across Cl, Cl^e 
C*T t — eyed=having a squint eye C^^1- 
I — grained CWC^*t1, ^Ct?1 ; perverse 
I — purpose ^contrary purpose 
I -reference 

^^1 I — road a road crossing 

another i At cross road=1^cit^^ 


[ 174 3 


I — staff = a surveying instrument 


•—wind ^ZhU) I --wise=across 

I —examine v. t. to be 
examined by the opposite party in a case 
CW^1 I — examination s= cross 
question :w^1, f?t9f i Cross as two sticks = 
To cross the 

path of anyone ==:?rt<f1 i 

— one’s mind = to flash across the mind 
I Cross section— i 
Crossword puzzle =|t5tP c«f»f i 

Crotchet ( ) n. a note in music 

^rwT^rt® ^3ri f^, J ; 

a conceit ; in 

printing the third bracket 
wf5wr fpJT [ 3 I — y ad/, whimsical 

Croton ( ) n. a genus of tropical plants 
I iTfi I 

Crouch ( ) V. i. to cringe ; to crouch 

If ; to stoop low C^I'O 

<n, I 

Croup ( aP*!" ) K. a disease in the throat of 
children accompanied by hoarseness 

; the rump of a 

horse fSspi | 

Crow ( C3H ) n. a large black bird 

^’511 ; the cry of a cock 

?[1 I — V. i. to croak «I3tf ; 
to boast ( over ) ?rt^ i 

[ pa. t. Crew ; pa. p. Crowed ) i — ^bar 

I As the crow flies— in a 
straight line C’l'ltiT i At cockcrow = 

f^Z^t I To eat crow =to do some- 
thing disagreeable c^T^I ?|rtir 

^t<n ^ I 

Crowd ( ) n. a number of persons or 
things gathered without order ctFf?1?^b 
I ->.p. t, to press 
close I — V. i. to press on, to swarm 

*R I Crowded adj, 

; irf CVttS'l I 

Crown ( ) n. the diadem 

; the top of anything '6^^ 

; the sovereign ; the regal 

power ; honour ; comple- 
tion ; a coin stamped with a 

crown t — f. /. 

to invest with a crown 
^wi *ftt5 ; to complete 
^ I To crown alJ=*ff^:»rc^ i — colony 

^T*15T ^TWl I 

— jewels==pertaining to the crown 

I —land «itf? i — paper=a 

printing paper of the size 15''x20'' inches 
(38x51 ems ) viifoii ^tsrw i —prince 

= thc prince who succeeds to the crown 
<i5si I — saw~^^?i I 

— let n. small crown i 

Crucial { ) adj. searching, testing 


Crucible ( ) n. an earthen pot for 

melting metals *it3i i 

Crucifix ( ) n. a figure of Christ 
fixed to the cross 
«y^i capc^$<t t 

Crucify ( ) v. t. to put to death by 

fastening to a cross ; 

to torment, to mortify *rtt^ C*f, ^ I 

Crucifixion n. » Cruci- 
form adj. r® I 

Crude ( ) adj. raw, unfinished c#Fl, 

C*n«I^T ; 

undigested i — ness n. un- 
ripeness C^5) • 

Cruel ( ) adj void of pity, merciless 

I ty— n. 

I >_iy odv. I 

Cruet ( ) n. a vial for sauces and con- 
diments C9\^\ c^»i, t^nf? ^ 

f5*5l 1 — itand^^W f5*FI C«nTI fif i 

Cruiae ( qfW7 ) v. i. to move to and fro ^ 


the sea 5ri[5»t^*lsT » — n. a voyage 

in search of enemy 

I — er n. a person 
or vessel that cruises fk 

m^tw I 

Crumb ( ) «. a bit of bread ^(5? »ijfer^&i. 

TIV I — V. f. to break into 

crumbs i 

Crumble ( ) v. i. to break into small 
pieces ^fw 

I — V. L to fall into decay nfF 

Tl \ 

Crump ( 3Ft"^" ) adj. crooked ; 

crump, easily broken €[TC?Pt^1, l 

Crumple ( ) v. t. to contort, to draw 

into olds \ --adj. 


Crunch ( ) v. t. to crush with the teeth 

CFt^l ^ 1 

Crupper ( ) n. a strap of leather pass- 
ing under the horse’s tail to keep the 
saddle in proper place iTl^^ 91^1^ 

'®C9ir«f C^, 


Crusade ( ) a military expedition to 

recover the Holy Land 

^ ; a 

daring undertaking ' Cru- 

sader n. one engaged in a crusade 
I ( L. Crux —a, cross. ) 

Cruset ( ) n. goldsmith’s crucible 
C’TI^ I 

Crush ( 1F\W ) V. t. to bruise or break by pressure 
^t*s f^, C5*Ttxt^, cnr^^i 

; to subdue ^51*1 ; to ruin 

5rr*f ^ J — V. i. to become broken by 
pressure «tir, ^ i — «• a vio- 
lent collision cIfI- 

d5*n I — ed adj. CST^lM ; subdued 


Crust (aFl^ ) n. a hard outer coating of any- 
thing c’'iT«n> 


'®T^ I Crusty adj. having a crust 
?f1 C^tsn W ; hard &t3T i 
Crustacea ( 3Fr^;-c^-ftrc^ ) n. (pi.) certain 

aquatic animals having a crust 

Crustacean adj. CBK^Pt^l, C^»l1 

Crux ( ) n. something that causeg 

difucuUy ; a cross c^c^Vl i 

Cry ( aFf$ ) P. i- to utter a shrill sound 

fkiip^, fsBfWTH ; to lament, to weep 
*Tt^ I — p. f. to proclaim 

f5i|®r? I — n. any loud 

.sound ; lamentation 

; prayer i — ing n. weep- 
ing 3l*®»r^ I — ing ad;, claiming 

notice notorious 

I (/>/. cries ; pa. t. 8c pa. 
p. cried). Cry against to protest 
^3? I Cry down— to condemn 

I Cry off-^vDsn I Cry on 

=to invoke i Cry up 

—to extol I Great cry and little 

wool f^?r) I Raise a hue and 


C^TfT®! I Within cry of=wit.hin 
hearing distance ^Tfl^ I 

Crypt ( ) n. a cell or chapel under a 

church «[^1 ’T¥Tft’|T5t i — Ic 

or — ical adj. secret 'OU i 

Cryptogam ( ) u. a flower less plant 

^ C5^TC5t51 I 

Cryptography ( ) w. secret writing 

Crystal ( ) n. an icelike transparent 

quartz oaf^ij bfst, i 

Crystal or Crystalline adj. 

I Crystal palace = ^ ua i 
Crystallise ) v. t. to reduce to the 

form or"'a crystal ^A^ W»lur^Tl 

?C3| ; forni into definite shape 

irT5i‘i ^ I 

[ 175 ] 


[ 176 ] 


Cub ( ) the young of certain animals 

as bears, foxes, lions etc. 

UHR TN, ; a 

junior boy scout C5t?[1 

^3^1 I 

Cub \ 

Cube ( ) n. a solid square having six 

sides ^Tsitsj C^t5l 

; the third power of a number 
C^tr^l I Cubic or Cubical adj. 

pertaining to a cube, solid >Wt*l 
C^Tt^l 1 

Cubeb ( ) n. C5f?l i 

Cubit ( ) n. the measuie of a man’s 

fbre-arm from the elbow to the tip of 
middle finger i 

Cuckold ( ) n. a man whose wife 
has become unchaste ^3^1*31^ Tf^ ; 

C'S^^I I 

Cuckoo ( ) n. a bird which cries cuckoo 


Cucumber ( ) «. a garden plant 

or its fruit f^t®f ; '?tf^ i 
Cud ( ) n. the food brought from the 

first stomach of an animal and then 
chewed again ntH^Tl i 

To chew the cud = to meditate i 

Cuddle ( ) V. t. to embrace, to hug 

3??, i9[ I — n. 

; a close embrace I 

Cuddy ( 3jjrtfe ) n. an officer’s cabin in a 
vessel ^*t5t3?t3r ; rent due to 

lord <rt«Rl I 

Cudgel ( ) n. a thick heavy stick 

cfrtC^*T^ I — V. t. to beat with a cudgel 
d^tTiPt:^ I To take up the cudgels= 
^ 3^31, f^Rt^ I 

Cue ( ) n. the end or the last word of 

an actor’s speech C»RR ; 

a hint ; a straight rod used 

in playing billiards 

; a roll of hair at the back of the 
head C^tm, i 

Cuff ( 3^T3^) n. stroke with the open hand 
^3^ ; the end of the sleeve 

I — V. t. to strike with the open 
hand U^l Tff, i 

Cuirass ( ) n. a defensive covering for the 

breast l 

Cuisse ( ) n. an armour for the thighs 

Cul-de-sac ( ^9T-T!r-CP3p ) n. a blind alley u^fi 

-HU CSTt^tf^ I 

Culinary ( ) adj. pertaining to kitchen 

3t^T^iy I 

Cull ( ^pP[ ) V. t. to select from trtff »T ; to 
gather >T?5J? i 

Cullion ( ) n. a wretch sTrs ?i1^9 i 

Cully ( ^%)) n. a dupe »T^ir 

C'SBI I — V. t. to deceive meanly 

«i;^a»5?i 5P?r I 

Culm ( ) n. the stalk of corn or of 

grasses 3SR1, 

'St^f ; coal dust I 

Culminate ( v. i. ( in ) to reach 

the highest point 'Sn^ ^ ni i 

Culminant adj. 3^<rr^1 1 Culmination 
n. the top ^ I 

Culpable ( 3ipt»icnn«l[ ) adj. blamablc CWti?t, 

I Culpable homicide~«'R3^ 
srtcti ?141 I Culpable negligence— 
'BiwtHBls? I — llity or —ness n. 
blamableness *ft?r, W<T3? i 

Culprit ( ) n. a criminal, one in fault 

c»rfBs, wTPt^, I 

Cult ( ^ 0 ^ ) n. a system of religious belief 

S*tPIt5 I 

Cultivate ( ) v. t. to till, to prepare 

for crops C'^f^ 

; to refine, to improve 
^ ; to foster fi 1 To 

cultivate friendship i 


[ 177 ] , 


Cultivable adj. that may be tilled CJIt-flJ i 

Cultivated i 

Ciuitivatlon ( ) n. the act of culti- 
vating, tillage^f^?; i 'IT, ; refinement 

>feT'51 ; improvement I 

Cultivator ( <^tilti^n- 
tes^w, I 

Culture n. cultivation 5t5 ^^=1, 

; refinement ; training 

I — V. t. io in)]>rovc, lo cultlvati-* 

<5|'5]tvT I able ar/j, fnT?*?T5, 

a /;'. vvcll-cducalcd 
f 1 C ultural meeting 
I —show C-^'lr*T'?T I 

Culver ( ) ’^ wnod- pigeon 

5<!r? I 

Culvert ( ) v; nn arebnd channf ! 

made of bricks or sinnc i.) llic road 
♦1^1 'ir^ 

c^?n ^9 ti I ■' 

Cumber ( ) r. t. i<> hinder, to rcLarcl 

?t*t1 cm?!tsjlb^ 

ct51 ; to trouble ^tcT^T ‘t;<I i 
Cunibrance adj. burden c^lirl, c^5l, i 
Cumbersome a(t. hcav 7 , burdensome 
wi^r^-c^t?rr^h i cumbrous ( 

adj. heavy, hindering C<5T^- 

C5!^tri I 

Cumin, Cummin ) n a kind of 

aromatic pl^t or its scctls i 
C umulate ( .' ) ’’• f- accumulate 

C^ft^h • W^r) I - - lalion ?i. tljc act of 

heaping together ; accumulation 

I Cumiilative adj. increasing gradually 
by addition CM15- 

C^^l, I Cumulative evidence^- atsit®r=« 


Cuneiform ( ) or Cuncal adj. wedge- 
shaped c^rnfrl I 

Cunning ( ) adj. artful, crafty, skilful 

fmn^, c^, ^^1, ^tt- 

Cup ( n. a drinking 

C5t1^1 n1>^j ; contents oi 
’flif'I? I —.7. /. to 

the body by means ^ 
f^1 (T?-^ ^1^1 

f^f <551 I — full 
- — man — a l)Ot>n ( 

— glass fnwl 
cry cupboard — to cry 
7*?1?tc1 I 111 his 

state ^55Ti’4-j '-Jn 

slip between the cup na 



'©5^5 atlf^Cvt'G ci 

»iir^^ ^1 r<' 

51'® I 

Cupboard ( :i 

cups, dishes etc, 

^5't ' Cupboard love n. 
Cupel ( ) n. a sm 

assaying metals C^1‘1 ' 

'<^'11 i 

Cupid ( ) ,7. ;;■>■' 

^■1'sX‘f?( I 

Cupidity ( 

C5^t5 ; inordinate d<';;lu 

Cupolae ( Ndip-r-C^ / n. a 
dome -i ; 

Cupreous ( ) ndi 

Cur 1 ^1^7 ) a woniij! 

— rish adj. ciunlisli 

Curate ( ) r>. a clei 

a rector or vicar 
—ship n. Curator ( ■^•^7 

c »ll 

'irs' ^ ’Its.-*, ?1*11 

C< K^tJjU 

■ fi5 

^1 I 

ti ed for 
t<» "Wf 


; a 

appointed by 

Curb ( ^1^7 ) t*. i. to subdue 
check ^?[, ^’*1 

I — K. a check, < h 


E 178 ] 


restraining the horse 

w»r, I 

Curd ( ) n. milk coagulated 
Cf5?1 I — y adj. 


Curdle ( ) v. i. lo congeal, to thicken 

'^U ( ) ' 

Cure ( fsp^^; ] n. act of healing, lemedy 


I — r. /. to 

heal, to restore lo hc.dlh 

C^siT^ «51. C‘f1^ ; tq })rcscrve by 

drying, salting etc. 

C5T51 «f^1 I — able adJ. that 

may be cured 'ST^T 

♦Rl I Cure-all «. a panacea i 

Curing-house i 
Curfew ( ) n. an evening bell 

^^1 1 

Curio ( ) n. any rare or curious 

article f% C^tC^Tl 
?[V I 

Curious ( ) «. inquisbive 

; singular, rare, nicely made 

c=TTc?r^i, > 

Curiosity n. state of being curious 
; anything rare 

'art^^'sTt^l I — 'ly odj. carefully, 

singularly, aticiitively ^jjaj ^ 


Curl ( ) V. t. to twist into ringlets 
nt^ ’5[9l, I — r. t 
to shrink into ringlets 5, '*1t^tri I 

— ft. a ringlet of hair ; a bend- 

ing » Curly adj. having curls 

• Curly-headed — 

Curlew ( ) ft. a long-beaked moorland 

bird fn«f^ W»lt 5 ^1 


Curmudgeon ( ) n. a miser, an ill- 

natured fellow ^n*l, I 

Currant ( ) n. a kind of raisin vaf?|if 


Currant ( ) n. running, a stream, 

course C^t^, «lt^, I —adj. flowing, a 

passing from hand to hand, in circula- 
tion ; present ft*l l 

Currency v. circulation ; 

money in circulation ^1 

^9fl I --office fn 

'Slt^sp fUBtn I To 

give currency to— i To pass 
current - ^f»t i 
The current year Tj^r, p:?, 

« A news is current=^^l «t!54 

'6«7T^:^ I 

Curriculum ( ) n. the course ol 

study in a school or college 
mil I {pf. Curricula ). 

Curry ( ) «. a kind of slew .seasoned 

with spices 'iTtafl i Curry powder 
ft|TI1 I 

Curry ( ) v. t. to leather, to rub 

and clean «t»T C^^tTl 

^3n, tr^5Tl TfU ; to scratch ^rcbl3r I 

Currier n. one whe dresses tanned leather 
bt5r^1 -^151 6151 I — comb m f2??fr(- Wl 

I To curry favour = fo seek favour 
by flattery 

Curse ( ^1^^ ) ft. t. to invoke evil upon *rt*f, 
»rT'0 C«f, c*r l — n. invocation of evil 

upon ^'S\^9\ ?jt3p1, ^f««1tn, ; torment 

^t^*I CIP*T I Cursed adj. under a curse 
»ftn51?5, i 

Cursive ( ) adj flowing nc^t31 ( C»!tf1 ) i 

Cursively adv. > 

Cursory ( ) adj. hasty, superficial 

^9lt’5(*l1 I Cursorily adv. 

I On a cursory 

view-" Wi^t9lf^t<|f 5t'5c^ I 

[ 179 ] 



Curt ( ) adj. short, brief, concise 

I — ly adv. 

Curtail ( ) v. i. to cut short 

; to abridge ^tf? 

C^1 I —mcnt n. abridgement 

^ir I 

Curtain ( ) n. a drapery hung round 

a bed or a window n^1, 

I Draw the curtain ^1 

ti5l I Behind the curtain 

I Curtain- 1 ecturc^^f^^'ttafsn i 

Curtsy or Curtsey ( ) n. a salutation 

made by bending the knees 'dt^ 

C^ral I — V. i. to make curtsy i9[ 


Curvature ( ) n. ?w bending, a curve 

CVIt^, m t 

Curve ( f . a bent, an arch 

C^, C?«f1 I — z'. i- to bend 

dst, C^t?n I Curved adj. bent in a 

regular form C^U C<lt^1, dtC^PtTl, 


Curvet ( ) «. a leap of a horse 

'Wtn I 

Curvilinear or — al ( ) adj. bound 

by curved lines (^21^1 I 

Cushion ( ^*9^ ) a flat pillow for a seat 

I Cushion-tire— 

Cusp ( ) «■ the point or horn of the 

moon Cdt«>1 i Cuspidate 

adj. I 

Custard ( ) n. a composition of milks, 

eggs, sugar etc. C15ld dtf^ 

\ Custard-apple n. 

w\ I 

Custody ( dt5;i5f® ) n. a keeping or guarding 
fddb ; security, 

imprisonment ^ tWV5,. i To 

take into custody =C5PP;Jlt^ ^t<f, C5^Fl- 
\ Custodian n. one who has 
the care especially of a public building 

Custom ( dtl5"^'S[ ) n. an established practice, 
usage Ctf»rtFt^ ; regular 

business C^Pl-C?nt^ ; a tax 5p^, ^Tfpl, 

I Custom-duties=(;^- 
I Customs house= 

>rt^9T dtwn dlf^5 I 
— ary adj. conformable to custom 
f^nw d^1 1 — er n. a 

regular buyer 5Jt5^. 

Cut ( ) t^. t. to make an incision, to 

carve, to hew, to chop, to cleave cw, 

I — V i. to make an 
incision i — n. a cleaving, a stroke 
dt^5T, ; an incision 5pi>1 ^1 I Cut- 
off— a shorter road ; a short-cut 

I Cut a dash or figure=^5i^?l^t^ 
'e»Tl, I Cut and dry or cut and 

dried = ready made fdl t To 

cut down— to curtail ^^Tl, i To cut- 
off— tc destroy, to stop 

CW I To cut out ^ to contrive, 
to debar ^Tp, ^^1 To cut short 

— to abridge, to check ^a[, 

^t<n CW I To cut the coat according to 
cloth— d?Tl I To cut up— to crave 

cn^1, I To cut up rough== 

vf^^1 ^ 1 Short cut or near cut=C*lt*T 


Cutcherry ( ) «. a court-house 

^ I also Cutchery. 

Cuticle ( ) n. the outermost skin 

I Cuticular adj. 'srtf^WTd’t i 

Cutis ( ) n. the skin •nU ltd i 
Cutaneous adj. ltd • 

Cutlass ( dt^dts;; ) n. a short broad sword •rdt> 
W] ! 

[ 160 ] 


one who makes or sells 

roll I 

’f^ ) R. the business of 
•i; bi^triiniciUs in t!:cncral 

■ rS ^v- 

Mi I 

?\ :: sryi:i:! 

• O’;:, wlio incasiues an'l 

■«f >»»■> 

*rr:saiS '’ 

xoq 4^ csjcca ^ .uoi; 
il c\ere pun if .' 

ri. an assasin ; 

in IrKision ; 

•'•■'; : a twig 

^ ; a ;>.o agraph Ih ?n j 
n :•• rut up ( 

■Kg > 1 ; ; :i picoc of 

^f'^J f Cyclopean adj. 
giantlike I 

Cycioiityle ( ) «. C9\^ 

=T><11 4'^ i 

Cygnef ( ) r:. a young swan 

Cyisialer { ; a. a long circular body 

->r nnifonn diamev'r i^:?n 

i —ad;. Cyiiud.n'cal C^tlJt>l^'i?n t 

C}Mibai ( f 5 Tt?<a e. ?> hollow musical instru- 

ir.. lit of '::; c.uair for 'll like a dish, beaten 

togi ihvir in pail ' ' t?1 I 

Cyme 'yigp ' a young shoot C^kI 

^1^1 : 

vVnegede ( ■', ' .//, of hunting 

C}iiic, — al ( C -; y; v. dog-likc, sUrly 

I — n. a misan- 

ilii^jje, a morose man C^t^, 

y;:- p;;5p r>;pr: •*.■;-•-: p ' | 

C>jifC)-:n :; " * . surliness 

V.-K ; mis.a;tl 

; ypo-my..- - » 

fT c'^filpt 

CWII*. ■'•■': ! 

water tl idt-,:o i: ; of a shijfs prow j 

^ nT« W:'*T I j 

Cvek ’'■ <'■♦1' J-bne i:.. ! 

whifH ^ta r 'em liappen a* mtervab. i 
<TtC 4 'v!o t I 

C>cle Of e W' o. ar'S.p bh; i Cyclic adj. 

( y:'-; «iK4i 

tst f tdoym ; I 

Cyckst ( ;■■ '■ on 1 wilo rides a bicycle 

pn-g'stip' f'-; i '^''''' ' 

a violent rotatory storm 

ry ) n. a work con* 

n i,i.fcion of various kinds arran- > 
»(!i' :\hy Cj>S-K-p4, i 

!. a falnilous giant 4^1 | 

Cynosure ( the northsiar and 

iJs ( onsieiJation i -K 

^ <! ! a ^ ; a V ; i 1 i 1 t ; . K attracts aclmi ration 
-Tk ; 

Cypher sec Cipher. 

Cypres:: ' i n. an evergreen tree the 

bran.. lie'; :-i whi, i- arc used as emblem 
of rnof-ti nirig 4 f< 5 < • 

Cvprian ( ) n. adj. lewd, licentious 

. -1*^1?, 41^ I 

Cyst (fs^T&y) a le.ig in anil^ bodies con- 
•‘t.inirig matt'.n pKf «if?r.y \ 

CysKina ( ■ n. .' tumour containing 
n^orbid m.ater C*r^«l I 

Cytx^ingy ( 'i r. a part of biology 

\vhuh liiVi.,: of the unit mass of living 
matter fkmt^ ^t»r ; 

cdt-r< I 


[ 181 ] Dainty 

Czar, Tsar ( ) n. ihc Emperor of son of Czar i Czarevna 

Russia I Fern. Czarina ( i 

(C'»f^C«l)i Czarevitch n. a 


^ The fourth letter in the English 
alphabet ; the 

second note of the natural major scale 

( ‘C^’ I 

Dab ( ) V. t. to strike geiuiy with some- 
thing moist ?1 sy^f-4111 ; 

to smear I — a gentle blow 

; a soft lump of anyiliing moist 
C’lT'I'l ; a Siiiall 

flat fish I 

Dabble ( ) v, t. to wet by little dq^s 

or strokes, to spatter f^yl, 

t — V. i. to play in water 
with hands or feet ; to 

work in a supcriicial manner 

I — bier 11 . a supcriicial meddler 
^^^1 '©nr? I 

Dace ( ‘C®^” ) n. a small rive fish of silvery 
colour I 

Dacoit ( ) n. one of a gang of robbers 

in India l Dacoity n. robbery 


Dactyl ( ) «. a pociii:al foot of three 

syllables i 

Dactylology ( ) the art of talk- 
ing with the fingers 

Dad, Daddy ( c®®;, ctsf® ) ti. father ( a word 
used by small children ) 

*1^ nt^ t 

Daddic ( ) to walk in a tottering 

manner ^^1 ?1 m C^1®f 

?SiF. 1 

Daedal, Dacdalc ( ) adj. artistic 

5t^>tr'^'4 ; skilful I 

Daemon ( 'STc'.jJT ) n. a spirit holding middle 
place between gods and men c^fa^t 
C£i^r^1 ; I 

Daffodil ( ) n, a kind of yellow 

flovver .£iWtf« 1 

Dart ( ) adj. weak-minded ; 

insane I 

Dagger ( ) ri. a short sword, a 

poniard I At daggers 

dravMV^'in a slate of Iiostllity , 

c4:<J I To look 

daggers ■ to look angrily 

FI « To speak dagger's v|1"5 i 

D'ugide ( ) V. t. ov P. i. to trail so as 

to wet or grow wet 

?1 ??, c»ii^ ®1 I — tail^ 

a slattern, an untidy woman 

Dagon ( C'S^»T ) n. a God of Pliilistincs 

®it*n ) t 

Dahlia ( ) n. a kind of large flower 

Daily ( ) adv. every day vfWt5, 

fffLA j — n. a daily news paper 

Dainty ( ) <2dj. nice to the taste 


[ 162 ] 


; fastidious ; delicate 

I — «. a delicacy ^ 


Dairy ( ) n. the place where butter & 

cheese are made, an establishment for 
the suppiy of milk 

C^»fl I —maid i 

Dais ( ) n. a raised floor with a seat 

and a canopy over it 

Daisy ( cstfw ) n. a common wild flower 

7(^ 7J^ ^ar I 

Dale ( ‘c^ ) n. the lov' ground between 

hills, a vale ilt ' 

Dally ( ) V. i. to trifle away time 

; to play f^fV- 

^ ; to fondle 
I — lliance n. toying C«(^tf^, 

; delay i 

Dam ( C5^ ) n. an embankment to confine 
water ; water thus confined 0^1 
?’<n I — V. t. to shut in water by 

dams i — n. a mother of brutes 


Damage ( C®’CSHW^ ) n. injury, loss 

C»lt^5t5T, I (P^. ) compensation 

for loss sustained i — v. t. to 

injure, to harm 

I Damaged 

goods=C«lt^5t^ «It9r, 5ftsT I 

Damask ( ) n, linen or cotton stuff 
with flowered patterns in gold or silver 
thread I 

— V. t. to ornament with flowery pattern 
I —rose ^fkn 

I —steel cs^lv^^v: 

t^«n • 

Dame ( ‘05^ ) n. a respectable lady, the mis- 
tress of a house 

^fk^^ I 

Damn ( (®i{ ) r. f. to condemn «rf«*Tt*T 

CW I —able adj. hateful 

I — ation n. condemnation 
•Tt6 I — atory adj. tending to condemn 
I — ed adj. hateful f^*l »l^1 i 
The damned=^the souls in hell 

I The damning evidence =f^ 

«f5rt*T^ ^51^ fir5l I 
Damocles ( ) n. iDVf^ f^al- 

C=atW^t^ I Sword of Damocle8== 

eminent danger in the midst of happiness 

Democlean adj. like Democles 

WZ^ I 

Damp ( ) n. mist, moist air 

I — adj. moist, foggy CW^i^l, C’Tf^T^I, 
c^rr?^, f^^l, I — V. t. 

to wet slightly C’Tf’ST^I ; to dispirit 
tgy ?!•? I — er n. that which 

checks I —ness n. 

humidity caF^f^T, C’Tr^JJSI tl«l I 

Damsel ( ) n. a young maiden ^TtV¥ 


Dance ( c®a»; ) v. i. to move to music with 
measured steps, to spring ^TIF, C^'S C’F i 
— V. i. to make to dance ?T]^i I — n. the 
movement with measured steps 

CF'® I — ceil n. one who dances 
' Dancing 
I Dance of Death 
j To dance attendance— wtrw’q 

I To lead a person a dance— to 
delude ^t»n W, 

'6^ I To dance and pay the piper— f^W 
I To dance on a 
rope=^t% ^1 1 To dance to one’s tune= 

C»Jt5P^ ’Tl I 

Merry dancer— the meteoric lights seen 
towards the polar-region i 

Dandelion ( ) n. a plant with yellow 

flower *Tti:^ ?t»i?hn y»i? 


[ 183 ] 


Dander ( ) n. anger ; an idle walk 

Dandle ( ) v. t. to fondle in the ^rms 

as a baby 'SUail, m 1 t 9 \ 1 

Dandriff, Dandrufif ( c^f'S ^7, n. scurf 

on the head c^T?n 1 
Dandy ( ) n. a foppish fellow sit^, 

I — dyism f,. 1 — n. strong 

cloth hammock C«t^1 1 

bane ( ) «. a native of Denmark 

I —nish 1 

Dancgcld ( ) n. a tax imposed on 

the English people to bribe the Danes 


Danger ( ) n. risk, peril, insecurity 

'aitn?, ^t»rin 1 Dangerous adj. 

full of penl, unsafe 

n^y '5r?it^, t He is danger- 
ously ill=c^'8^ ^ I Danger 

signal I 

Dangle ( ) v. i. to hang loosely, to 
follow anyone 'Sr^C? ntCF *ftC5 
\Q«Tf*I I -- i’. t- to swing 
«f I Dangler n. one who dangles about 
others ^tC5 <Tfr5 1 

Dangling adj. 'eraitsr-C«{tJ«1t^ 1 
Daniel ( ) n. an upright Judge 

I A Daniel has come to judgement 
=¥trt fwfst I 

Dank ( ) adj. moist f^^1, f 

Dap ( c^*f ) V. i. to bounce WT*f \ 

to drop bait gently into the water 
c^tn CW I ~n. a bounce 

Wt^f ; a bait dropped gently into the water 

Dapper ( c®*rta“ ) n. a little and smart ^- 
; quick | 

Dapple ( C5n7[ ) n. variegated \ —v. t. 

to mark with spots i 

Dare ( c^- 41 ^ ) v. t. to have courage, to ven- 

ture ni, ^ I —t), t. to challenge 
c4^:nr> *i1^, 1 Daring 

adj. bold, fearless I 

— n. boldness I I dare to say=I 

suppose sf^ I Dare- 
devil =a rash fellow C'5'e^^l i 

Daring-do— daring action 

Dark ( ) adj. wanting light 

; black C^t^n ; obscure 

«rciTtR, ; secret C^rf^^^Tf, 

«tl I — n. absence of light ; 

a state of ignorance ^5^11 Darken 

V. t. to make dark C^lt^l ; 

to sully ^'9Tb \ — !y 

adv. I —ness n. want of light 

; ignorance i Dark ages=^-= 

aJiwf, I Dark lantern = C5t3r1 

» Land of darkness***^^ i The dark 
continent I The power of darkness 

'8ita» ^F3[ I The prince of 

darkness«=?l^t^ i To keep dark=«^?:^ 


Darling ( ) n. one dearly beloved 

Darn ( <514;; ) v. t. to mend a hole in cloth 

Dart ( ®t!>‘ ) n. a pointed weapon for throw- 

ing ewtt, CW»i I — V. t. to hurt suddenly 
C*rai ^t^r, CWt«1 c4t5 I ~v. i. to 

shoot forth rapidly 'esftt 
'ean, I 

Dash ( C®*ir ) throy/ violently, to break 

by throwing suddenly '*rta, 

;^|fk 'Blt^Ftar, vflci^ irtJf ; to bespatter 

C*t»n ' — *• to strike against 5[»*n 
W1, Cii^1 ^1, I ^ blow, a violent 

striking ^t»t4, ; a mark like 

( — ^ fpH ; a violent onset 1 

— ing adj. reckless, rash and hasty 

^ ^••11 1 

— board— a board behind a carriage to 


I 184 ] 

keep off splashes of mud 

I To' dash 

c^Tc^l W 

I To dash out=?rl^v[t^ I At a 

dash^xx^^T:^, \ To dash about 

I To dash at 

m3p5l‘>i I 

Dastard ( ) n. a coward 

Cc1t<y I — adj. cowardly 'o^t^ I — ly adv. 
and ndj. I 

Dasymelcr ( ) n. an instrument for 

testing density of gtscs 
nt JSI CSftSfl ( 

Data ) n. ( pi. ) facts given and ad- 
mitted I ( Stng. Datum ). 

Date ( ‘c'^l ) n. the time of an event ; 

period of lime =7*1 *1 i — v. t. to alhx 

a date to C*f ; to count or begin 

from SHUT ^'4, C^r^^—It 

datis back from 1874= ^<n 

ufif Dateless =^5i^, i 

Out of date— i Up to-date 
; modern viif^TBl^ 

Date ( ) ft. the fruit of the datepalm 

’*fT^''T, I Dafe-paim 

Dative ( ‘C'5f5i»" j n. a dative ease 

I — . 

Daub ( ) V. t. to smear, to paint coarsely 

>TlJi, CffTt? C'f, Cey^.T^rn: 4K ^1^1 I 

— y adj., sticky i 

Daughter ( ) n. a female child 

J Daughter-in-law = a son's 
wife C^tTtCl » — ly adj. becoming a 

daughter CTfvrj i Daughter 

of Eve=f«C^T'®1 I 

Daunt ( ) y._ h ""to frighten 

; to (iisliearten to subdue ; 

to press down clft i —less adj. 

fearless, not to be daunted C^- 

♦rRtTf ) 


Dauphin ( ) n. eldest son of the king 

of France 2 Pt^ i 

David and Jonatlmn n. any pair of bosom 
friends ^^1 4^ i 

Davit ( ) 71. a piece of timber or iron 

on the side of a ship used for raising a 
boat ^T^tW^r 4^'Q C«lt?1 ^(§1 ; ^^4 
'^.^ 1 535 I 

Davy Jones ( )‘ n. thc^ spirit of the 

sc.a I ' 

Daw ( vS, ) «. jackdaw ‘■pt'ei>1 l 
Dawdle ( ) V. i. to dandle 

ve^3i i 

Dawn ( '5,^T ) n. daybreak ' — t’. i. 

10 become day 5 , » 

Day ( ) u. the time from sunrise to 

suiiset r?sT ; the time or period 
*mt Day-book= 4m) 

4H) I Day-dream = ft? TI-’JV, 4:^4) i Day- 
labourer =!>' 8';^ 5 1 ^9ft, fS*P1 f Day- 
time C*y511 I Day by day=%^ 
Uc4^ 1 Day of doom=the 

day of judgement 

C^t^l I Day of grace=<«i ^tRTTt*! 

f'fsu To name the 
day=lR?t^ T>R 44 1 The other day = 

I From day to 1 

To-day ^ I Day of the month= 

I Jo carry the day='Bt?3^® 
f 3 'T 42 r) 5 I This day week='Jsrt^< 

I In the days of yore - 1 

Better day^^ftf^ j Day-boarder itaj^ 
?tail?t>T'^5 «rf^ 4)f^ < 

Day in, day out=cinc&^ f44 \ His days 
'' ‘ '‘arc numbered = W ^ : 'CM 1 

Sufficient for the day is the evil the^epf= 
Vn c^r5 

1 ^ 4 1. The day after the fair=^f^ 

I To fall on evil days==^;inT?r^ 
^4y 5r»»f ^ I To keep the day= 

f44Z^ f^?n I To win or gain the day = 
^'am 44 \ 


[ 185 ] 


Daze ( ‘C^w; ) v, t. to stupify 

^ I 

Dazzle ( C® ^‘2=^ ) v. /. to overpower with 
light or splendour »T^T1 ; to con- 

found by splendour or beauty 
9\U I —ling adj. 

<R1 I 

Deacon ( ) n. an officer who attends to 

the secular affairs of the church 

Dead ( ) adj. devoid of life ; 

death-like ; lifeless 'BTCF3sr ; cheer- 
less I stillness f^5S^3l 

f^i5ntt%~c^C5T, At the dead of nigth= 

I — en V. t. to 

make dead, to lessen ^1 fW, 

I — ly adj. fatal 

at«r5Tt*T?P t — adv. destructively 

^Z"^, » Dead and alive=duil 

f5(5rt6^ts ' Dead beat ♦Rtw? i Dead- 
born == still-born I Dead drunk 

=C^<?*5“ I Dead-house = a mortuary 

tR I Dead- 

letter^-sT^t^ CSTtr^l?! 1%fe, C^ltC2^t3l 

I Dead-lift =iV-5'r *11 h ^^1 C^^1l 
Dead-lock = complete stand-still 

^*1 • Dead-set— a continued effort 
Cy^l I Dead-shot = an unerring 
marksman ^ ^Z^^ ’TfiT®! I 

Dead-weight = a heavy burden 
CA^^^ I Dead-wind— wind opposed to a 
ship’s course WlTtW^ I 

Dead-Ianguage=^a5f«T^ i To be 

dead set against =:to be opposed to 
^IZ^t ^1 ^ J The dead=n. 

ipi. ) I 

Deaf ( C®’^: ) adj. dull of hearing 

; inattentive i — en v. t. 

to make deaf, to stun ^f®rl 

I — ness n. W) ^RfTt • Deaf- 
iinite==79n ^^W \ 

Deal ( ) n. a portion, quantity 

«lt»r, ; distribution of cards 

^t31 I — /. to distribute 
I — V. i. to transact business C^*rt^ 

; to act 1 to 

distribute cards I He deals with 

revenue cases=C5d ^STW 

C^5 ^z^ I He deals in silk=c®'d Tl 

I I have long dealt with 

him=5i^ esAz^ i 

Deal out cards=^SlT i To deal with 

according to law=^^^??n:® 4^^ i 

(pa. t. dealt, pa. par. dealt ). Dealer n. 
a trader C»lt^ I Dealing n. 

manner of action, behaviour 
^5^-1 ; traffic C9H1-C*R1, I 

I have no dealings with hiin=c®'^^ OTt^ 

Dean ( ) n. a dignitary of a diocese ^l^- 

I Deanery n. the office of a dean 

or his house «(*^TFt^y^ ^ ^ I 

Dear ( ) adj. costly, scarce spTSf, 

; beloved IRU^, l 

Dearly adv. at a high price ^ Wt«r® ; 

> Dearness n. i 

Deary n. one who is dear fa7®tr i 

Dear ( ) interj. indicating surprise or 

pity ‘O dear’, ‘Dear me’ = «lT^ 1 ^ I 

C? ! 

Dearth ( ®t^ ) n. dearness, scarcity, want 

Death ( C®«t; ) n. extinction of life W, r 
Death-agony=^R‘K ^t*n i Death-bed=: 
^^p*nm I Death-trap=^tg9^^1 

?n ^t«r I Death-rate = the proportion of 
death to the population ’TtWp ; »r^t< 

• Death-rattling ="511%?^ WiTK® C^tTl 
I Death-blow=a mortal 
blow I Death-Warrant=san 

order for the execution of a criminal 
» To pat to death=«to kill 
f®rt 45^, ^4 ^ » Accidental or 
death==®l*m^ r 


[ 186 ] 


Debacle ( ) «• sudden flood of water 

stopping its path with debris 

collapse or downfall as of a Go\- rninciil 
»tm ; a confused rush J 

Debar ( ) v. /. lo cx< hulc, to hindc'- 

from being employed (u- from entering 

I Debar .i 

pleader t 

Debark ( ) v. t, or i. i. it) land from 

a boat or ship ^TtG ?lt5l i 

Debarkation oi Debarcation art (»i 

disembarking -^.14) i 

Debase ( ) v. t. m degrade, to Jowtrr, 

to adulterate fi* 

t Debasement n. 

degradation iftJtTi, I 

Debate ( i a publi< dist ussion '^4- 

I —v. 1. or e. i. lo dispute, 
to contend for, to dclilx^rate 

3|t:91t55Tl I 

Debatable ndj. liable to be disputed 
C^tRl, r«lRr<^ 1 Debating society 
^91^ t 

Debauch ( fsRW" ) v. t. to pcivert, to corrupt, 
to seduce • —v. i. 

revel 'P^ ^1 

♦ft? I —n. debauchery ^jfl55T< I 

Debauchee ( ) «. a rake, a libertine 

• 1 "^^, I Debauchery n. 

excessive intemperance, Icwdncss Rjf^Ff^, 

Debenture ( ) n. a written acknow- 

ledgement of a debt c^tCRl 

DebUity ( c®’f%f^fTj ) n. weakness, feebleness 
I Debilitate v. t. 
to weaken 1 

Debit ( ) n. something due C^RI ; the 

debtor side of an account book 
RRM Vfr»l I — V. i. to enter on the 

debtor side of an account faisf t 

Debonair ( ) adj. elegant, of good 

apjtearancc and manner 

Debouch ( ' v. i. issue out fio/Ti a jiarrou' 

1>1.1CC I 

- - churc ( i 

Debris ' 1 n. 1 

Debt ( ; tt- that whif h is due to another 

*ft^, < Jo run into debts iiR 1 

Debt of nature tliMih 1 Debtor n. one 
wlio owes money (o another 

s1, ; the side of an account mt 

wliich d(‘bis arc entered 
rmi r^ff^ I 

Debunk ' ) <'• /• m < 1 /m» of Im/nbug 

^f s V|t^ ; rai-S 'Sjl^ 

; to remove the scuiimcni (ff)m a 
misled reverem c ISf"*? 51? 't<i I 

Debut ' ) fh a lirsi a.])peaiani;e, a 

atumipt (^"^1 I Debutant 

( Cv5^c^Ǥ ) ti. one who makes his first 
appearance before the ])uhli(; 

R!R55t»l C®ltR- I 

—fern. Debutante. 

Decade ( fs’CR®' ) a series of ten years ?t? 

( Gr. Dcka -ten ). 

Decadence ( ) a. a state of decay 

»«n>T, 51^ < Decadent adj. decaying 
I ( L. £/t? --do\vn ; 

cadere to fall ) . 

Decagon ( ) n. a plane figure of ictt 

sides and ten angles CVa I 

Decahedron ( ) «. a .solid figure with 

ten faces ; 


Decalogue ( ) n. the ten command- 
ments I 

Decamp ( ) v. i. to go away secretly 

n»rrl 1 

Decant ( ] v. t. to pour out from one 

bottle into another iiStW 

\ Decanter n. a glass vessel 1 


r 187 ] 


Decapitate ( ) v. t. to behead 

I Decapitation \ 

( L. rftf=from ; caput -a. head). 

Decapod ( ) n. any of the ten-footed 

crustraccans C^tC^Tl 

I -TstT^ I 

Decasyllable ( ) a. a word or a 

verse-line with ten syllables ; 



Decay ( ) u. t. to decline, to waste away 

3Ptii tii, np, ri-’i3f, 

»f1 I --W. a falling off, decline 
mi1, I Decayed pa. adj. 

^51 I 

Decease ( ) «. a death U^*!. i —.v, j, lo 

die W ?, ^ I Deceased adj. dead 


Deceit ( ) n. art of deceiving, fraud 
WVfiff!, ^tf^, «r^s»5ri, let, i Deceitful 
adj. full of guile, insincere 

Deceive ( ) v. t. to mislead, to impose 
on, to cheat tf^T ?5'<, 

Cif, ^t'|f?tt5l3r, ^^^^1 I 

Deceiver n. «r^a»3!|s, l?tl5?P, ijsif^qtw 

c»rt^ I 

Deception ( ) n. the act of deceiving 

^tf^^tfw, «t5l^«ri I Deceptive adj. 

misleading i 

December ( ) n. the twelfth month of 

the English year %5tr3r i 

Decemvir ( ) n. one of the ten magis- 
trates in ancient Rome C^t^T^tWI^ 

41 I Decemvirate n. 

( L. Decern -ten ; virt—znen ). 

Decennial ( ) adj. continuing for 
ten years ; happening 

every ten years C^W i 

Decenaium n. a period of ten years 

^tf! I 

Decency n. propriety, modesty 

Decent ( ) adj. seemly, becoming proper 


t^b***! I Decently adv. in a decent manner 

Decentralise ( f®-Cbi:*^»Tt^iF ) v. t. to transfer 
the functions ,ff central Government lo 
lotal Governinenl >1^1^ 

Tf^^r i — lisatlon n. 

Decide ( f<FbtJ?®“ ) v. t. to determine, to settle 
<54, bxif^»6tr 

^ I Decided adj. deter- 
mined I —adv. 

clearly, unmistakable. Decidedly adv. 
c*f«ftc^, I 

Deciduous ( C®fbf?^^tb: ) adj. falling off, as 
leaves in autumn 

I f^K ntf^ fwtii I 

Decimal ( ) n. a tenth tf«nil i — 

adj. a fraction having ten for its denomi- 
nator, tenth I Decimalise v. i. 

to reduce to decimal fraction i 

( L. decern — ten ). 

Decimate ( f^b'C*!^ ) v. t. to take one in 
every ten v\ ; to put to 

death to the tenth man 

Sit^. 'Hifk ^ i 

Decimation n. a military punishment by 
which every tcnlJi man is put to death 
4i:<isiiJi ftyn ifti i 

Decipher ( ) v. t. to make out 

what is obscure, to unravel 


Decision ( ) n. the act of deciding, 

conclusion, final judgment 
f^l^, It I Decisive 

adj. final, positive \ 

Decisively adj. i 


[ 188 ] 


Deck ( ) V. t. to clothe, to adorn, to 
cover, to provide with a platform 

I — H. 

a covering ^^<«1 ; a platform as in a 
steamer ^1^ i Deck- 


I Main-deck ?f"45r i 

Deck-chair=-^t5T'»^ ^$1-C^t?[1 

Declaim ( ) v. i. to harangue, to make 
a speech in public 

I Declamation «. a 

passionate speech 

I Declamatory adj, appea- 
ling to the passions 'St^T 

Declare ( f%C?P?rf^ ) v. t. to make known, to 
announce v£t?it*T 

C^^*n I ■ — V. i. to make a state- 
ment ^^511 I To declare on oath=’*t»l^ 

I He has been declared an insolvent — 

I Declaration 

n. affirmation that which is declared 
«rrfw, I Declaratory adj. 

! Declaratory decree ^ 
f ^ ^fer a^T*r f®3>1 ' Declara- 
tion of right I Declaratory 

Act^^-5^^*n M I 

Declension ( ) n. a falling oft' ^*ts- 

<1^5? ; variation of nouns I 

Decline ( ) v. i. to bend away, 
to fall, to decay 5, 

C^l ^ 1 , ^ I - V. t. to refuse 

^ • to fail ^ I — V. z. to 

lefuse St 1^1^^ ; to bend 

clowm ; to inflect ^ I - -n. 

decay, diminution, a falling oft* $1^, 

apCii I Declinable adj. that may be 

inflected i Declination n. act 

of bending, deviation, decay ^T'ei5'^t5l 
^f^,C^T'e3l ^lir ; 

distance from the celestial equator ^tf*^- 

I Decline and fall of the 

Roman Empire^ C^tsi^tWR l 

Declivity ( f®Rfaf5 ) n. inclination down- 
ward Jffrsf 

it? I Declivitous or Dcclivious adj. 
sloping I 

Decoct ( ) V. t. to boil, to get the 

extract I 

Decoction n. an extract obtained by boiling 

Decode ( 1%^’®" ) v. t. to decipher 

Decolourize ( ) v. t. to deprive 
of colour ?tf5 

C‘^®t1 I — alion ». 

Decollate ( ) r’. t. to behead 

Decompose ( ) v. t. to resolve into 

original elements ‘**fR*T^ 

I —V. t. to decay, to 
rot-^B, WR ^rt I Decomposition n. 

decay C-ST^tl ^^^51 i 

Deconsecrate ( ) v. t. to secularize 

«t ; I 

— ation n. 

Decontaminate ( ) v. t. to free 

from contamination C^1^->fv3?'SI*I^ 

W< I — ation rz. 

Decontrol ( ) v. t. to remove the 

ollicial control from 

^'5* ^ I — n. removal of 

control RR?f«l I 

Decorate ( ) v. t. to adorn, to 

embellish, to honour with a badge 
R^Ri 5 TfiSfb 

R >nit^ I Decoration n. orna- 
ment »f1>T C^*f I 

Decoratite adj. i Decorous 

adj. becoming decent, suiia])Ic 

^93^1 I Decorum n. 
propriety of conduct, decency ’TWT^ll, W 


[ 189 ] 


Decoy ( ) v, t. to allure, to entrap 

C»f»f1 I anything 

used to ensnare ! 

Decoy bird i 

Decrease ( ) v. i. to become less 

^,5t>T I — V. t. to make less^sil, 5t>l 

^5? I — n. act of becoming less ^^1%, 

5pf?I ; lessening i 

Decree ( ) n. an edict, an order of the 
civil court I — v. t. to 

determine judicially, to order c^f, 
Of, I To execute a decree 

I Decree-holder^ i 

Decree-iiisi= order for divorce unless 
cause being shown within a certain 

*f^1 I 

Decrement ( ) «. a decrease ^fs?, 


Decrepit ( ) adj. infirm, wasted 

I Decrepitude n. ; 

state of being worn out with age #1^ 


Decrepitate ( ) v. i. or v. t, to 

crackle in the fire i|s^ 

^tfw I 

Decrescent ( ) adj. becoming 

gradually less, wanting i 

Decretal ( ) adj. pertaining to a 

decree f?ri ^1 i 

Decry ( c^’iShtl ) v. t. to cry down, to blame, 
to censure 

Decumbent ( ) adj. lying down 

prostrate nf%t[i?r|, «[<P1 i Dc- 

cumbency n. a reclining posture 

Decuman ( ) adj. large and power- 
ful ( of waves ) f^»rt«T, ; principle 

W5t, I 

Decuple ( ) adj. tenfold ??-<55«) : 

— V. t. to make tenfold if? 3*1 i 
Decurrent ( ) adj. running down- 
ward ^1^531, I 

Decussate ( ) cdj. crossed '5r«itfs^ 

'e’lTl-e’lf^ I ~-v. i. ^ I 

Dedicate ( ) v. t. to set apart for 

some sacred purpose, to consecrate, to 
devote to 

^3T I Dedication r. consecration, 
inscription on a book addressed to a 

patron or friend I Dedicator 

fi. I Dedicatory adj. pertain- 
ing to dedication i 

Deduce ( ) r. t. to draw from ; 

to infer I Dcduci- 

ble adj. that may lie inferred 
-* 1 ^ 31 , ) 

Deduct ( ) V. i. to separate, to sulitract 

^1^ w< I Debuction 

n. inference ; conclusion 

; abatement ; subtraction 

^ Deductive adj. that may be 
deducted ^r<1> 

' ( opp. Inductive). 

Deed ( ) n. an act ; an exploit tq?^- 
; the wi ilten evitleiK r of a Ic'gal 
Iransar.tioTi '>y'^. i^f^'o^ i Deedv adj. active 
I In Deed in reality 

iRlRc^ I Deed of mortgage - 
I Deed of award - I 

Deed of conveyance- =! -‘'^3 i 

Deed of dower::=^C^I^^‘<P-nt5, i 

Deed of compromise^ i Deed 

of trust- I Deed of sale- f^T3?l 

iff^^t I Deed of gift - iflstnai i 

Deem ( ) e. t. or v. i. to think to judge, 

to suppose c^1it C«Tt«f ?, '51^®^ 

Deep ( ) adj. extending far to the 

bottom tf, \ Very still, profounp 

[ 190 1 



C^t^, ; intense, heart- 
felt ; artful 

; grave i — n. the sea 

I Deepen ( ) v. t, to make 
more deep, to grow deeper Bit# *f ^it? 

^t¥ ‘tiT? ? I Deeply adv. profoundly, 
to a great depth l 

Deep-sleep “CWtC^tsf • Deep black 

:---.'8lf^ I Deep browed ^ • 

Deep-read i Deep in 
mud “in debt ; cnt^ ^1 i 
Deer ( ) n. a kind of stag i 

Deface ( ) v. t. to obliterate ; to 

disfigure C^»l1, nf^ CW, 

?.< I Defacement «. art of defacc- 
ing #5J(«l I 

Defalcate ( ) v. t. to deduct a 

part of 5t5^ ; to embezzle 

money i Defalcation n. em- 
bezzlement, misappropriation of funds 

#?•) I 

Defame ( ; v. t, to destroy the fame, 

to slander (.W, i Defama- 

tion n. calumny ; slander 

I Defamatory adj. 

injurious to jepulalion 


Default ( ) «. failure, omission, 

neglect of duty ^t6#t«l, U*^, 

; nouappearance in court ; 

defect, oftcncc ; failure to 

pay up dues nf^:»rT«r i 

— V. i. to fail to fulfil to a claim #4^7 

C5*I1 C^UU^ ; to 

fail to appear in court «l1trf»lt5t5 
^ I Defaulter n. one who fails to pay up 
a debt or to appear in court 

*ft5 I Judge- 

ment by default==4^^trl i In default 
of payment=«R ^t?tTr t 

Defeasance ( ) n. undoing 

I Deed of Defeasance ii’P 

Defeat ( ) v. t. to frustrate, to rout 

5#?rf, \ - n. overthrow, a 

frustration ?t^, l 

Defecate ( ) v. 1 . to clear from dregs 

5 ; to make or 
become purified C"Tti(sr f i 

^ ation n. 

Defect ( f®’C5q5%; ) n. a want, a deficiency, 
fault, impcrfaction «It^r, C^Tt^, 

I —n. a failure, 

revolt #^571 C5»11, ^9F«ltiT, 

I - adj. imperfect, incomplete, 

faulty ; 

insufficient I 

Defence ' ) n. anything that 

defends ; a defendant’s plea 

5^1 WW ; protection ^SFl, 


Defend ( ) r. /. to guard, to pro- 
tect ^*#1 #5^, ; to resist as a legal 

claim W?t5l 

#3| I — n. the person accused, one who 
defends I — er n. 

one who guards I Defensive 

adj. serving to defend ^*#1 t%*f? 

I — n. 1 Defensi- 
ble adj. I Be on the defensive^ 

f^vw ^11 

7fm ; fgw^ m I 

Defer ( ) v. t. to put off, to de- 
lay '8I15T %, 

c#t^ c%tzlV9^ I 

{pr. p. Deferring, pa. p. Deferred) Deferred 
( ) adj. to be paid on a fature 

date on fulfilment of certain conditions 
♦TTC? :#n^1 *lt^ I Deferred 



[ 191 

Defer ( ) v. t. to submit to 

^«ii I ~v. t. 

to yield to the opinion of another 

ST ^«rl I Deference n. 

regard, submission I 

With due deference to -3ir:?»T Tqrf^, 

' Deferential adj. expressing 
respect I 

Defiance ( fs’?Ptc^5p; ) ndj. a challenge lo 
figlu, contempt of opposition 

I Bid de- 
fiance to - I In defiance of ^ 

I Defiant adj. insolcmly 
bold I 

Dcficiencc ( i u. dclcct, im- 

perfee tioji i Deficient 

adj. wanting, inipcrfocl 

1 To be deficient -- 5, 

I Deficiency diseases 



Deficit ( CS’f^r&5' 1 n. deficienc.y ol' revenue 
'-313:'?, I 

Defile ( ) V. t. to pollute, to corrupt 


V. n lo march off in files 
5rl I — n. a narrow passage, as Ixnween 
hills ?T&, I Defilement n. 

pollution I 

Define ( ) v. t. to fix the limit of 

C^, C'T, ; to 

describe, to explain ^l5r, 

Definite ( ) adj. defined, precise, 

exact t 

Definitely adv. clearly i 

-ition n. a description of a thing ^n^1, 

C^t:5Tt5l ; an explanation 
I — tive adj. positive 

Deflagrate ( t%’:jF’CSi^ ) v. 1. to burn down 
‘ift? I — -gration «. 


a rapid combustion C^stc^ t«?>T i 

-grator n. a galvanic instrument for 
producing rapid comlnislion 
^51 I 

Deflate ( i v. f. io l('i out gas 

; to reduce the inllation ol 
( urrcncy 5r>T i Defla- 

tion n. 

Deflect ( ) c. /. or i. to turn aside, 

lo deviate from a proper course ! 

5 ?ii 

^ I -tion, Deflexion v. deviation 
Sffis, I 

Deflower, Defloiir ( to depriv(! 

IO ilower ; to ravisli 


Defluxion ( ) n. a discharge of fluid 

in the body Q'C^V^), r,m) i 

Defoliate ( ) v. t. to deprive of 

leaves > 1 ^ 1 , i Defoliation 

n. the time of slicdding leaves 
>1^1 I 

Deforce ( } v. t. to keep out of 

possession l>y force i 

Deforcement n. a resistance to the execiuioii 
of a legal writ or warrant 
5^31 «}srt^ I 

Deforest ( ) v. t. disforest 
c'f 1 d m'\ 1 

Deform ( ) v. t. to disfigure, to injure 

the form of 

*^5^ I Deformed adj. disfigured, mis- 

happen i 

Deformation n. a defacing i 

Deformity n. disfigurement an unnatural 
shape f^T^f^, I 

Defraud ( f%’3P®“ ) v. t. to cheat, to deprive 
of anything by fraud 


Defray ( f®’C3P ) c. t. to liear the expense 
of, to pay C^, *ts C>rfnh ^^4 i 

Deft ( )«<//. clever 


[ 192 ] 


^5^ 1 Deftly adv. clearly, skilfully 

I Deftness n. i 

Defunct ( ) adj. dead i — n. 

a dead person I 

Defy ( ) V. t. to challenge, to dare 

nt«, <1^, ^^^551 

C^R’TT^ I 

Degenerate ( f®’CW’ir^’C^5 ) ^41- having 

declined from the high qualities of race 

( — V. *. to grow worse, to 

decline from a nojlcr state 

I Degeneracy, 
Degeneration n. the state of being 

degenerate I ( L. De-= 

down from ; genus — kind ) . 

Degrade ( ) v. t. to lower in rank 

or grade, to disgrace 

I — ation n. disgrace, 
a lowering in dignity fiTta?^1, ^^«I, 

Degree ( f®’f^ ) n. a grade or step n*r, ; 

a relative position, extent 

; rank 

^’TtR, a mark of honour conferred 
by universities f^f^tTrr«T5^ C^CH— 

( f^. ifl ; ^s^ ) ; the 360th part of a 

circle \5'J50 jj®t^ ; nearness of 

relationship ; one 

of three stages of an adjective in grammar 
i Fever rises to 
104 degrees=iqf?[^ i08 f®f^ \ By 
degrees gradually ajEC^T Ctfln^-C^ftcn I 

We are within three degrees of consangui- 
nity To 

a degree^to an extreme ^'3iT'®, i 

( L. ^mi«j=step ). 

Degust ( ) V. t. to taste ^ i 

—V. i. c^rt^jt? ni I 

Ddiisce ( ) V. i. ( of seed vessels ) to 
l)urst open tll5 ^Ptl? i — ncc n. 

tflf5 n-ri 'ifMl I -nt adj. ^Tf5 i 

Dehumanize ( ) v. t. to divest 

of human qualities 
c^tr^t^i ^ I 

Dehydrate ( ) v. t. to deprive of 

C*f I 

Dehortation ( ) n. dissuation C<|stC^1 

Deify ( ) v. t. to exalt, to treat like 

a deity 

C^t^T, ^ I Deification n. 

CW?r®1 ®stJT I 

Deign ( ) n., v. i. condescend, think fit 

^ I ~v. t. to give, 

to grant C?, I 

Deist ( ) n. one who believes in the 

existence of God but denies a revelation 
f?«sn>T c^trsii 

C^TsitC^? I Deism n. the creed of deist 

Deity ( ) n. godhead, a god or goddess 

; the Supreme Being 


Deject ( ) V. t. to dispirit, to cast 

down the countenance C^Wt4 

ST-yfl, I Dejected adj. dispirited 

"ST^IST^I f Dejection n. mental depress- 
ion 5ir-iTr®3P, I 

Dejeuner ( f^’-WtCJT ) n. breakfast ^?ft4 
c'stafJt I 

Delay ( ) v. t. to put off to another 

time, to detain I — v. i. 

to pause c^lf^ I ~n. a deferr- 

ing, a lingering 

Delectable ( I%’C8T’5 ^-c5^7^ ) adj. pleasing, 
delightful i Delectation 

n. delight 'BTtsT’vr I 

Delegate ( C^’f^’irvf^ ) v. i. to send as a 
representative, to entrust ^Ptsity 

ctf, ^4 I —n. a 


[ 193 ] 


representative i Delegation n. a 

delegating I 

Delegation of powers=’*F>l^1 , 

Delete ( ) v. t. to erase, to efface 

1J51, I Deletion n. 

Deleterious ( ) adj. destructive, 

poisonous I 

Deliberate ( ) v. L to weigh well 

in the mind f5f% I 

~~v. i. to reflect *511^ ^1, 

'5TtC^t6^1 I — adj. well considered 
; circumspect 

Deliberately adv. i 

Deliberation n. mature reflection, coolness 
f^1 I Deliberative 

adj. acting by delil)eration 
5I!^1 I 

Delicacy ( ) n. refinement, nicely, 

anything delicate f^f%- 

' 0 «; ; luxuriousness 

I Delicate adj. nice, pleasing 
to the taste, dainty 
; tender 

; refined in manners 

star i I feel some delicacy ==c^t^ 
^TtC-n, ^1 »ltW I 

Delicious -adj. sweet to the taste, pleasing 
to the senses » 

Deliciousness n. i 

Delight V. t. or v. i. to please 

highly tn-nh »T9n, ^9f ni, 

^ I — n. extreme satisfaction, 
great joy or pleasure 
^»rt?r I Delighted adj. greatly pleased 

^1 I Delightful, Delightsome 
adj. full of delight 

’iWsrir, ajsp aiT5Tl i Delightness n. >TC«t^, 


l>elimin8tion ( ) n. a fixing of 
the limit » 


Delineate ( ) a. t. to draw the 

outline, to portray, to describe C^«r C?, 

5T^1 '^IF, I — ation n. act of 

drawing the outlines, a sketch, a des- 
cription '^T^, I 

Delineator n. one who delineates 


Delinquent ( ) arfy. failing in 

duty CVftfr i —n. a trans- 

gressor, a criminal 

I — ency n. failure in duly, a fault, 

a crime 
*fi?r, I 

Deliquate { ) v.t. to melt n^l, 

I — V. i. to become liquid 
tn I 

Delirious ( ) wandering in mind, 

light-headed i 

Delirium n. state of being delirious, a 
raving strong excitement OTt^, 

ig;i, ^f^?rtf5T i Delirium-tremens=?r? 
«rt^ c^tn i 

Delitescent ( C\5’f5^l5r5’^; ) adj. concealed 

( ^F1 ), «»r«P1 i 

Deliver ( ) v. t. to set free 

Ctf ; to rescue 

^sr, ; to part with c^, ^ ; to 

pronounce ; to dis- 

burden a woman of child >3>T1 I To 
deliver over^>T^^«l i Deliverance n. 

act of freeing, rescue ^f%aft«l, 

; parturition 

; utterance of a judgement 
I Delivery n. rescue nt^arr«l, 

; manner of speaking in public 
; the act of giving or 
transmitting f^r?rl ; childbirth I 

Delivery of letters=f^fe ^^*1 i Delivery 
of possession =W’q9T i 

Dell see Dale. 

Delta ( ) n. the fourth letter of the 

Greek alphabet 8^ ; a 


[ 194 ] 


tract of land of the form of a triangle 
formed at the mouth of a river 

Deltoid ( ) adj, triangular i 

Delude ( ) v. t. to impose upon, 
to deceive ^ Of, i — sion n. 

the act of deluding, a false belief 

\ — sive adj. 

tending to delude l 

Deluge ( 05’f^^w; ) n. a great Hood, inun- 
dation I —V- t. inun- 

date, to overflow, to overwhelm as with 
water ^ ‘ 

Delve ( ) v. t. or v. i. to dig with 

a ^ade ’»rt5^ i — n. a cave 


Demagogue ( ) n. a leader of 

the people ^ 


Demand ( ) v. t. to claim, to require 
rf'8^1 91t^, firnftW^T ^ ; to ask 

for C<rTW, «rf^, ; to question C’lt^f i 

— n. a claim by right ; a great 

call for anything ; an 

asking 7rt<rf^ < Demandable adj. that 
may be demanded Tl 

»T^ln, I What price do you 

demand ? Who 

C«rtW ? In great demand = eagerly 
sought after ( The 

note is payable on demand 


I Notice of demand i 

The demand for this is very great=^?rf^ 
aC?(t«R ^ C<f5 ; C?fflN f%i?l 7^^ 


Demarcation, Demarkation ( ) n. 

division, boundary 

Demean ( ) v. t. to behave, ( with 

self ) «rrFa«i i —v. t. to make 

mean, to lower l 

Demeanoiu: w. conduct, deportment 

Dement ( ) v. /. to render insane 

( Demented adj. in- 
sane C^lf5, I 

Demerit ( ) n. ill-desert, fault c*f1^ 

»rf?, ' 

Demersed ( ) adj. growing under 
water t5»It5 51W1 i 

Demesne, Demain ( ) n. a manor 
house and the land attached to it ^tsR 

Demigod ( ) n. half a god, a deified 

hero i 

Demimonde ( ) n. a kept woman 

Demise ( f®3jt^;5?" ) «. death of a distinguish- 
ed person ; transfer 

of the crown or estate T1 

I — V. t. to convey by lease to 
bequeath by will C*f, 

Cff I 

Demit ( ) v. t. relinquish, to resign 


Demobilise ( ) v. t. to disband 

*f»T«9f I Demobilisa- 
tion n. I 

Democracy ( C^’tirap1% ) n. Government by the 
people awt^J, 9t^1 ^•f^3r t 

— crat n. one who promotes democracy 
J — cratic adj. 

relating to democracy 

Demolish ( ) v. t. to destroy, to ruin 
'5tf9F lition n. act of pulling 

down cnc9rt?n i 

Demon ( ) n. an evil spirit ^?^li 

I Domoniac adj. belonging 
to or pbssesseti by a demon 

C^91, f^^nflTl I Demonism tt. belief in 
demons i 

0eiio«8 Irate 

r 195 3 


Demonstrate ( ) v. t. to point out 

clearly, to prove fully 0r<r1, 

— atkm n. a proof beyond 
doubt "Pti asrt*l ; expression of feelings 
lt=t1 «^t»r 1 — strative 

adj. making evident, conclusive 

I — strator n. one who 
proves beyond doubt, one who teaches 
physics, chemistiy or anatomy asrf*l 

r«pv^ I 

Demoralise ( ) adj. to corrupt 

?I5^, I Demoralisation 

n, corruption in morals 

Demote ( ) v. t. to reduce in rank 

I ( opp. promote ). 

Demotic ( ) adj. pertaining to demos 

— the people, popular 
:gsni^5, I 

Demulcent ( ) adj. soothing 

Demur ( ) v. t. to hesitate, to scruple, 

to object c«rir^tc^Ti 'Bitnf^ 

I —<«. hesitation ; 

pause I Demurrer n. one who 

demurs ; a plea in law 


Demure ( ) adj. affectedly modest, 

sober i 

Demurrage ( Cts’sjtC^w: ) n. allowance for 
under-detention or delay ^•Tl 

irt»T^ sr5f^ I 

Demy ( ) n. a size of paper 18" x 22'' 

inches ( 45.5 x 56 eras ) 


Den ( C5*5[ ) n. a cave, the lodge of a wild 
beast W1 ; a haunt 

of vice 

Tt^, C^WIRTtH^i ^t®5l « 

Denary ( ) adj. containing ten 

^9lftn, • Denarius n. 

Denationalise ( ) v. t. to de- 
prive of national rights 
<gfs|i^ 1 

Dendriform ( ) adj. having the form 

of a tree <15? ^Tl^Pt?? I Dendroid 

adj. I 

Dendrochronology f?wt? ; <ff sit 

f?4? ?JT1 f^1 I 

Denial ( ) n. refusal, contradiction 

srtsri^? 1 

Denizen ( ) n. an inhabitant, one 

made a citizen ?lf5Rrl, » 

Denizenshlp=5T<T??t^ (RTt^? 55 \ 

Denominate ( ) v. t. to give a 
name to, to call Of, (Rt^l i — ntion 
n. the act of naming, a title, a religious 
body on sect ^Tt^Tl, TOWtl I 

Denominator n. the lower number in a 
vulgar fraction >r¥ C?rt0^1 

^t<T I 

Denote ( ) v. t. to mark off Of ; 

to signify by a sign tRC^ I — n. 


Denouement ( ) n. the final event of 

a story C^C?1 Rl <m? C»R ^ ?»<n, ^ 


Denounce ( ) v. t. to accuse openly, 
CTft^tlRtn ?R, f?»n ?R I 

Denouncement n. any formal 

declaration C*lt?rtC?t*f ; a threat 

^ I 

Dense ( ) adj. thick, close ??, isrt, it? 

ctrt51, c?TnJRl » — ly adv. I Dense- 
ness, Density n. thickness ^ 51 

Densimeter ( ) n. an instrument 

for measuring the density f%5l5 ®t4 51 
5^ CWt5l 55 I 

Dent (05^) n. a small hollow made by 
the prcsstire of a hard body 5t5, 4tif, 


C«r8 I Dented p. adj. marked with dents 

Dental ( C®’C^»T ) adj. pertaining to the 
teeth ; pronounced by the aid 

of the teeth i — n. a letter pronou- 
nced with the teeth 5^4 i 

Dentate Dentated ( ) adj. 
notched, toothed <TW i 

Denticle ( ) n. a small tooth w 
I Denticulate, —d adj. notched 

Dentiform ( ) adj. of the form of 

tooth ^ I 

Dentifirice ( ) n. a certain pov^dcr 

to cleanse the teeth ^51 


Dentist ( ) n. one who treats disease 

of the teeth or inserts artificial teeth 

I — ry 

n. the business of a dentist 

I Dentition n. the cutting 
or growing of teeth ^ ^1 5rcwt?1 


Danude ( ) v. t. to make nude or 

lay bare i Denudation 

n. ai^1 I 

Denunciate ( ) v. t. same as 

Denounce, — elation n. i — ciatory adj. 

Deny ( ) v. t. gainsay 

^fsT ^ ; to reject 
5JR I Self-denial i To 

deny one’s self^lf^? 

(II ^ I There is no denying 

Deodar ( ^ of cedar 


Deodate ( ) a gift from Gk)d c^npf^ « 
( L. D^o— God ) . 

Deodorise ( ) v. t. to take away 

bad smell C^1 C^t9i » 

Deoxidate or Deoxidise ( ) 


V. t. to deprive of oxygen 
^ I 

Depart ( v. i. to go away «fTt^ 

'Of^ T( ; to forsake, to die OT1 

I The departed=-^^ ^»r, 


Departure ( ) n. act of departing, 
going away ; death ?R«|, ; 

deviation sff^, I A new departure 

=a new course f2ni^, 


Department ( ) n. a separate 

office, a separate part of business 

t Departmental adj. pertaining 

to a department 

nsji ^^1 1 

Depauperize ( ) v. t. to remove 

from the state of a pauper f5T:^7»T 

Depend ( ) v. t. to hang down ; 

to rely ; to be pending 

5tP»f I 

Dependant ( ) or Dependent n. 

one subordinate to another, a hanger on 

Dependent ( ) adj. relying on, 

contingent 5^5;, ^5rt%^ 

I Dependence n. state of being 

dependent ; that on 

which one depends ; reliance 

I Dependency n. a colony, 

subordinate to the mother-country 

^^?ri ^Twi, 

Depict ( ) V. t. to paint, to describe 

Depilate ( ) v. t. to remove the 

hair from i Depilatory adj. 

Deplete ( c^'f^ ) v. t. to empty, to cxlmust 
I Depletion n. CW 

t 1^6 ] 


[ 197 3 


Deplore ( ) v, i. to express grief for, 

to lament c*It^ C<Wt5| i Deplor- 

able adj. lamentable »T^1, 

« Deplorably adj. i 

(L. Florare =to weep). 

Deploy { ) v. t. to extend i 

— V. i. to extend into a line, as troops 

f I 

Deplume ( ) v. t. to take feathers from 

Depone ( ) v. t. to testify upon oath 

i9\ 35ir, ^ I Deponent n. » 

Depopulate ( ) r. t. to deprive of 
population i Depo- 

pulation n. havoc, destruction «'W1 W, 
f^5tt“r I 

Deport ( ) V. t. to transport 

♦f4l, ; to behave 

I Deportation ii. exile 
^^•1 I Deportment n. behaviour 


Depose ( ) v. t, detlirone, to degrade 
from a high position <1?- 

^yty ; to give evidence 
C? i Deposition n. act of deposing 'e^f 
; removal 

’5SF1 ; testimony taken on oath ; 

sediment i 

Deposit ( ) V, t. to place, to lay up 

W¥t Tf«r, «r ; to entrust 

fW’St'® I — n. that which is deposited 

; a pledge 

Tf*fT I Depository n. ^Tt’, 

I Depositor n. i 

To deposit papers in court ?Pt^8f- 

•fai I Deposit of money— 

Depot (f^»11) n. a store-house 

; a military station where stoics 

arc kept and recruits arc trained 
f^t9l C«ftTl I 

A coolie depotos^i?! ^1®51 i 

Deprave ( ) v. t. to corrupt, t() vitiate 
C?ni1 c«n??b' I De- 
praved. adj corrupt 2;'^, ' 

Depravity n. corruption of morals, 
extreme wickedness 

Deprecate ( ) v. t. to try to ward 

off by prayer ; 

to plead against ^ ; 

to regret deeply i Deprecation 

n. act of deprecating ^^1 

Depreciate ( ) r;. /. to lower the 

value of, to discharge 

I Depreciation n. act 

of depreciating r5y»»f1, 

5T1-n^;T I Depreciative adj. 5^1 


Depredate ( ) v. t. to plunder, to 

waste I De- 

predation n. act of plundering 

I Depredatory adj. 
plundering i 

Depress ( ) v. t. to press down 

ctb, ; ^11, ; to lower 

bW1, ; to humble ; to cast a 

gloom over Vf't i Depressed 

adj. lowered C|51 

; dejected i De- 

pressed class —untouchables 

I Depression n a sinking or lowering 
^'S\^ ^51 ; a hollow 

’*[131 ; dejection C^^U, I 

Depression of the barometer - ?rt^ 

Deprive ( ) v. t. to take from, to dis- 
possess 3Ptf^ «T ; to bereave 

t Deprivation n. act of depriving 
; suffering from hard- 
ship \ 

Depth ) n. deepness ?, ; a deep 

place ? ^ ; the sea ; abstrusencss 


t 1^8 J 

c5it:Tr?i n?r?ii ; 
the middle «JtWtrr^1 i Depthless adj. 
having no depth tSTft i Out of one’s depth 
=in water where one cannot touch 
bottom c^U’T'tn, 

I The depth8=»ffir^^1, 

f^*n'Br?Ti I 

Depute ( ) V. t. to send by appoint- 

ment c^li:5ti 

I Deputation n. act of deputing 
; the person or 
persons deputed l 

Deputy n. one appointed to act for 
another, a delegate 

I —speaker i 

— eoimnissioner i 

Derail ( ) v. t. to put out of rails ^1^- 
cn»ii I 

Derain ( ) v. t. to justify ; to 

win by fighting -^fk ; to prepare 

for battle i 

Derange ( ) v. t. to disorder 

I Derangement n. a state 
of disorder CiTt»T^»f, C«rf^C5lf%, C^C^lWtf^ ; 
insanity i 

Derate ( f® ) v. i. to remit local rates 

sittP ^1 I 

Derelict ( ) adj. abandoned 

I — n. anything forsaken 
f^^tr I Dereliction n. act of forsaking 
; remissness 3*15, ; 

5srt'eCijai1 ; land abandoned by a river 
wf^ I 

Deride ( ) v. t. to laugh at, to mock 
tt5, I De- 

rision ( ) n. mockery, a laughing 
at in contempt f^**ri, 

I Derisive adj. mocking 

Derive ( ) v. t. to draw from ^f«T 

( C^— ) ; to receive from a 
source *f1, ^ ; to infer »1, 

^5? ; to trace a word to its origin 
^ I Derivable adj. 

I Derivation n. a drawing from 
mn, I Derivative 

adj. derived from something else, not 
original vijUt^n^l 

C?1T1 I — n. a word 
formed from another word *1^31- 


Derm ( ) n. the skin ^t»l i Derma), 

Dermic adj. pertaining to the skin ^1WR, 
l^t»l I 

Dern ( ®t^ ) adj. secret t Demful or 

Deamful adj. solitary ; mournful 


Derogate ( ) v. i. detract from, to 

diminish by taking away 5t?T 

I Derogation n. detraction, de- 
preciation 5^1, ’0*t^ \ Derogatory 

adj. detracting, injurious 
SI’S, I 

Derrick ( ) n. an apparatus for raising 

heavy weights ^1 spei ^ 

^9\ I 

Derring-do ( ) n. a daring action 

Dervish ( ) orDervis n. a Mohammedan 

monk I 

Descant ( ) n. a song in parts 

; a discourse l 

— V. i to comment VTHtC^t^sTI l 


Descend ( fs’-c^'O; ) v. i. to come down STt^r, 
^1? ; to be derived nl ; to 

invade i — v. t. to go to the 

bottom of 1 The property 

has descended from father to son— 

Descendant ( ) n. one who descends 

from an ancestor ^*r, i 

Lineal descendant 


[ 199 ) 


« Collateral descendant 


Descendan t ( ) adj. coming down 
5TtfV ; proceeding from an ancestor 
^•N»Pr, I Descendible adj. that may 
descend or that may be descended 

♦Rl ; heritable 

Descent ( ) n. act of descending, 
progress downward ; 

i a slope 51^1 ^1 

At^, I?Rl C<rr5l ^snr^, Fi*f^ Al^ ; a generation 
?t*r, ; a falling upon 

'iati5rar*l \ Ascent and descent =^Al •I’Tl, 'e«( 
!rf*i? I 

Describe ( ) v. t. to delineate 

5S3|, ; to give an account of 

^4^11 1 Describable adj. 

capable of being described ^4^1 ^4^ ^1, 
♦R'l I Description ( ) n. 

the act of describing, an account ^4n, 
WStM ; sort, class or kind ^^^1, 

I Descriptive adj. 

containing description C'*rfC^lt5l 

^4srr^^ 1 

Descry ( ) v. t. to discover by the eye 

Of<(, 51 1 

Desecrate ( ) v. t. to profane 


Desert ( c^WtS ) n. anything deserved C^^TT- 
; reward ; 

merit ti*! i Desertless adj. ti*fft5T i 

Desert ( c^irtS ) v. t. to leave, to forsake 

; to run away ♦Rftt 51, 

51 ; desolate, barren, uncultivated 55- 
55551, 55»^f5 (— n. a barren 
place, a wilderness 55F^f5, f5(#5 

515, ^fl5t*f5tf«T I Deserted adj. W5*^5r ; 

*<5155^ I Deserter n. one who quits a 
service without permission 55rCt51, 

^^5 1 Desertioo «. act of deserting 

5^T5lt5, 5®rt95 ; wilful abandonment of 
one’s duty 5st5 ilfA 55t^ C5t5t^ij1 i 
Deserve ( t%’sfl4;; ) v. t. to earn by service 
5*15 5f5 51 ; to merit 5155 C5l5T 5, 5t55* 
5 I Deserving adj. worthy 5155*, i 

Deservingly adv. justly C515P5C5, 

5C*5 I 

Deshabille ( C®’5-a-f581 ) n. an undress ; a 
careless mode of dressing ,* C^5l C55tf5t5* 
f55n 5t«f, f55rr®5tt5 5l55l5fi C5lr5l5l C5l5* I 
Desiccate ( (?5’f5’C5fe ) v. i. or v. t. to dry 
up I Desiccant or Desiccative adj. 
drying ^55*^, 555 I 

Desiccation ( C®’fB’r5*55 ) n. process of making 
dry «^5*151 5551. 51 b^5*r?l1 555 i 
Desiderate ( C®’i5®1’r5| ) n. something much 
desired 5l5*fl5t5 55i, Cl5t55 5^ I —pi. 
Desiderate, Desideratum n. something much 
wanted 55 515^515 5« J 
Design ( f%’Wtt5 ) v. i. to form a plan of, 
to draw or sketch C5*t«1, 5Wl 5*5, ^5* ; 
to contrive 5*151 5*5, l%5fl 5*5;5?5tl5l 
— n. a sketch, a plant 5H, 5Tl^f^ ; a plot 
blFT®, ^51551 ; intention 5® 55, 
^fial5 1 Designing adj. artful deceitful 
5*f^55* I Designer n. 5*ctr®1, 
5*^55* C5t5* I 

Designate ( ) v. i. to point out 
l5f%^ 5*5, ^5 ; to name 5t5 5*5 ; to 

show * 

Designation n. addition to a name, a title 
^5t?t, 5«f5?l, 515, 5^W1 I 
Designedly ( |%’5ftlz:5®;;’f5 ) adv. intentionally 
tei1<;(^5S, Wtf5-^f5, 55r® 5tt5C555l 5tfl ; 
5tl%5fl 5*f5 \ 

Desire ( %’wl5it5” ) v. t. to wish for, to re- 
quest, to ask |S«1 5*5, 515 C5tW, 5l5t5 
Cl5t^ 5*5, 5r^5l5 5*5 I — n. an earnest long- 
ing for, a wish to obtain ct5t?, 5tf^T5, 
5*1551, 5lf1, iBfl, 5C5155, 51*^^ ; the 

object desired c|5l^ 51 i Desirable 

adj. worthy of desire, pleasing 5tf^5, 


[ 200 ] 


t Desirableness, 
Desirability n. t Desirous adj. 

anxious to obtain, eager 


Desist ( ) V. i. to stop, to cease 

Desk ( ) «• an inclined table for writing 

often fitted with drawers 
CVW, ; a pulpit i 

Desolate ( ) r. t. lo lay waste, to 

make solitary 

I — ^dj. solitary, 

destitute of inhabitants / 

Desolation n. waste, destruction tgr*^, 



Despair ( j •'. i. to be without hope 

5 1 --n. want of hope, 

hopelessness I Desparing p. adj. full 
of despair I 

Despatch or Dispatch ( ) v. t. to send 

away hastily, to execute hastily 

*^^1, mu u ; to put to 

deatli ^*t ; lo dispose of 

quickly i —n. 

speedy pei foj’nianccs : haste c^-rfh 

C^f% ; a public letter or message 

sending away b'tert^^ i A dispatch-box — 

c^t?i 1 

Desperado ( ) w, a reckless man 

511^5, ■'51lq^t5 ^«*T1 I 

Desperate ( ) adj. hopeless ; 

rash, fearless of danger 

CJRtC5t?fh c^5t*fl5T i Desperately adv. 
rashly, furiously Mf*?P l 

Desperation n. hopelessness, fury 

Despicable ( ) adj. contemptible, 

base f 5frer, i 

Despise ( ) v. t. to scorn, to look 
down upoti f%*l t 

Despite ( ) «• violent hatred 

^•r1, '5RnS!l, ^tr^fW I — prep, inspitc of, not- 
withstanding '53tF, C^r*l I 

Despoil ( ) V. t. to spoil, to rob ^♦ft^ 

^rfspts I Despoliation n. slate of 

being despoiled ^*15^*1, < 

Despond ( ) v. i. to lose hope or 

courage 5, C#t5 ’J1, 5 ' Des- 
pondence or Despondency dejection, 

hopelessness $^t*r > Despondent 

adj. despairing sad 

Despot ( ) n. one with absolute power, 

a tyrant C=?95t5tl*I =5^1, i 

Despotic ad/'. having absolute power, 

tyrannical f^W 

1 Despotically adu. ; Despotism a. 
absolute power, tyranny ^51^1, 

Desquamate ( ) i'. t. to scale 

off 1151 I 

Dessert ( ) n. the last course of a 
dinner comainiiig fruits, confections etc. 

C*T5'5.<ri?lt9t tP9t, filiti t^ltfw I 
Dessert-service =tpt9i 

^1*^ I Dessert-spoon 

'srt^ 5t5 C«lt?l1 

^f<«f 5j^aft?n 6di:?rt^ « 

Destine ( ) v. t. to appoint to a certain 

use or state, to fix ?i5r, ?p^ ; 

to doom I Destination fi. 

end, purpose, place to which one is going 
$C**?’8r, ; fate i Destiny 

n. state or condition predclerniincd 
; unavoidable fate ®tVTT, 

^•f1, I 

Destitute ( ) adj. forsaken, needy 
^5^, ; want- 

ing * 5 rar, i Destitute of knowledge 
I Destitution n. derivation poverty 


[ 201 J 


Destroy ( C® ) »• t- to ruin, to unbuild, 
to demolish 

I Destroyer 

rt. one that ruins ; a torpedo- 

boat c^W «?t?tw ^1w^ ^T« i 

Destruction ( ) n. ruin, overthrow, 

death ®«5{, •{f-r, i 

Destructive adj. mischievous, deadly 

Desudation ( ) n. • profuse sweating 

; an eruption on children 

c^r^i I 

Desuetude ( C'S|['^f5^S' ) n. disuse 5I3?[5t^ 

^( 51 ^ I 

Desultory ( rambling un- 
connected, hasty 

^1=1 *<5T'5 <(T1 ; 

loose I Desultoriness «. 

Detach ( ) v. t. to unfasten, to separate 

i ^^atf ; to send off 
a party on special service fVc**l^ 

I Detachr 

ment n. a body of troops sent from 

the main army ; 

state of being detached t 

Detached adj. separate ^t*!**!, ; free 

from worldly anxieties 
irtfll I Detachable adj. ; 

'BTtvivi W I 

Detail ( ) n. an item, a minute 
account C^TTl^lSl ; a small part 

I — V. t. to narrate, to enumerate 

ctrtf^rtBTi 3P^, f%c»f^^cn 

I ( mil. ) to depute 
on special duty vf|^TB-| i 

Detailed adj. exhaustive C«rtc»\t5l « 

In detail =point by point 

I Details of troops =sinall 
detachments ^ i 

Detain ( ) v. t. to withhold, to stop, 

to keep in custody 

(see Detention n. ). 


Detect ( ) v. /. to find out, to bring 
to light IR, ^finn ; ^ai^pr i Detectable or 
Detectible adj. that may be detected 
a^pif *R1 I Detection 

n. discovery W\^, |fV 

^?*| I Detective n. or adj. one who is 
employed in detecting tltr 
C5t^fs:FR1 I 

Detent n. a catch to regulate striking of a 
clock C5t»itTl ’iTtrsTtSl I 

Detention ( ) n. act of detaining 
; restraint ^^*1, ; delay 

«rf3R I (sec Detain). 

Deter ( ) v. t. hinder, to prevent 

(Tf, «f*jrl I 

Deterge ( ) v. t. to cleanse by wiping 

31R ’( ), Tff^ cn»l1 I 

Deteriorate ( ) v. t. to make 
worse C^?1 i — p. i. 

to grow worse a^rir 3Fnr ^fir ^rr^, 

ci?:?ra^1 ♦R i Deteriorated adj, 
spoilt C5IRSI1 W, I Deterioration «. 
making or growing worse 

JTtn I . 

Determine ( ) v. f. to limit, to 

settle, to define 

^ ; to put an end to 
5^? I — V. i. to resolve, to decide 
^3?, I Deter- 

minate nJj, fixed, decisive 1%^^, ^TtlTt^, 

I Determined adj. firm in purpose, 
resolute t Determination n. that 

which is resolved on, resolution, fixed- 
ness Mr*!, I 

Determinative adj that determines or 
limits i 

Deterrent ( ) adj. serving, to deter 

I — n. that which deters 

Detersion ( ) n. the act of cleansing 

' ( sec Deterge ) 

Detest ( ) V. t. to hate extremely f^*| 


[ m ] 


I Detestable adj. very hateful 

I Detestableness «. 
I Detestation n extiemc hatred 

Dethrone ( ) v i. to remove from a 

throne ^Wl ^ i Dethrone- 
ment n. I 

Detonate ( ) v. t. to explode 

?Fti? i Detonator n. a detonat- 
ing substance I Detonation n. 

explosion C'srm ^^1 i 

Detour ( ) n. vvinding, a circuitous 
way I 

Detract ( ) v. t. to take away 

^1, 5t^ ^ ; to defame 

^ I — V. i. ( with from ) to take away 

reputation Of ; to diminish ^psi tj, 

I Detraction n. depreciation 
; defamation I Detractive 

or Detractory adj. derogatory 

Detriment ) n. damage, loss ftf^, 

Wl%, ; diminution 5t^ i Detrimental 

adj, injurious, causing loss ^tR«rW<p, 
>isfw5T^, I 

Detrition ( ) n, a wearing away 


Detrude ( ) v. t, to thrust down 

cn»i1 I 

Detruncate ( ) v. t. to cut off from 

the trunk Tl ; 

to lop off. 

Deuce ( ) n. a card or die with two 

spot^ Tt I ( In lawn 

tennis ) a term denoting “forty all” 

ci?tn so 

; a devil i 

Deuteronomy ( ) n. the fifth book 

of the Bible I 

Devastate ( )\ ^ waste, 

to plunder, to ravage 

^ I Devastation 

«. a laying, waste, havoc 

Devalue ( ), Devaluate ( ) v. t. 
to reduce the value of ^ ; ^y 

CW I — ation n. 

Develop ( ) a. t. to unfold 
^ ; to lay open to view 

; to promote the growth of 

I — r. i. to grow into ^ ni, 

5 ; to open out 5, 5 i 

Development n. a gradual growth, an 
unfolding i 

Deviate ( ) v. i to go zistray, to 
turn aside from the proper course 
^t'enz:«f ^1, ^ ; 

to err ^ I — v. t. to cause to diverge 
<F?, I 

Deviation n. a turning aside 

; a departure from rule ; 

error aftf% i 

Device ( ) n. anything designed, 

a contrivance, C^V*T^, ; an 

emblem, a picture of some kind C^llTSil 

Devil ( C5'f^ ) n. any evil spirit 

; a very wicked person C^Tf^ I 

Pevilisb adj. malignant fn»I?!TI1, C^^1, 

I Devil worship n. worship of 
the devil I Devil’s books = 

playing cards i Devil’s dozen = 

Devil’s duDg=% I Printer’s 
devil = a printer’s errand boy 


?R1 91 ’^1 Play the devil with = to bring 
to ruin f%yfft>f5yl Jyt"! I To whip 
the devil round the post=^tf% fif 

Devious ( f®f©5tF~ ) adj. round about ^*1, 

; erring ^WW^yv, I 

Devise ( fs^lW" ) v. t. to contrive ^yjRl 
>ytW, ; to be- 
queath *rt5y ^ l — n. a will. 


[ 203 ] 


^tsTnoffi Deviser «. one who 
contrives i Devisor /*. one who 

bequeaths i 

Devoid ( ) ac/j. destitute, free from 

Devoir ( ) n, duty, an act of civility 

^ir5i, I 

Devolution ( ) n. act of passing 
from one person to another 

c^trrciJi, ^^*1 1 

Devolve ( Ct5’'5ei^; ) v. t. to roll down 
; to hand down 
I — V. i. to pass over 
? I 

Devote ( 05®’^ ) v. t. to vow, to dedicate 
solemnly ^<>1^ ?R, 

f{^, ) ; to set apart 

C^CSTI ^ t He 

devotes three hours to study— Old f^fit 
C»l«ltn9tt5 ^1 I Devoted adj. 

doomed ; strongly attached ' 

’«ltW I 

Devotee ( Ct5®’f5 ) n. one devoted, especially 
to religion I 

Devotion ( ) n. consecration 

prayer ; strong 

attachment ^>1%, ai^l, i 

Devotional adj. pertaining to devotion ^f^- 

Devour ( ) v. t. to eat up greedily, 

to swallow <11, <ltt 

C*ien ; to waste ; 

to graze intently on Cl^ltr^r? 51 l 

Devourer n. wn^t^, ^iT'fi'Bl i To devour 
the way {in poetry)— to go fast 
C5t5tf*r ^ I 

Devout ( ) adj. pious, religious, 

earnest ^?V5»13rt5«i, 

I Devoutly adv. solemnly «!%- 

’15vrw I 

Dew ( ) n. moisture deposited on the 

surface of objects at night i Dewy 

adj. f^v? vrsf) I In dew of his youth— 
5W55t»l^ Dew-drop or Dew-fall 

*R1 »H15, ^15^^ I Dew-point 

=the temperature at which dew begins 
to form 
mJr 55 I 

Dewlap ( ) n. the fleshy skin under the 

throat of an ox <15*5 <T5f55^ i 

Dexter ( ) adj. on the right hand side 

C^11 I 

Dexterous ( ) adj. adroit, skilful 
55^5, 1 Dexterity n. 

cleverness, adroitness f5^*ra1, 


Diabetes ( ) n. a disease marked 

by excessive discharge of urine 55^ C5t<r, 
W»l>Tt5 ; C5t<TI 

Diabolic, Diabolical ( ®tr55f^r5sc^ ) n. devilish 
f^*rf*l5l, I Diabolism n. devilish 

conduct I 

Diaconate n. the office of a deacon 

a^T^<rfr»rt«f5* (55515 • 

Diacritic or Diacritical adj. 

distinguishing, as letters of various languages 
^555 ^Wt5«l ^5t5t»T 5W5t5 5*51, ^155- 
C5t*15* f55l I 

Diadem ( ) n. a crown, a badge of 

royalty worn round the head • 

Diaresis (^5f5r55: ) n. a mark (...) placed 
over second of two adjacent vowels to 
show their pi enunciation 555^ ^Wt55 
^n5t»l 5lt555 '6n5'® f5Tl f55 I { pL 

Diagnosis ( t5lT55’f^ ) the art of 

distinguishing a disease by its symptoms 
«t5 (5^5, C5t?r5 C5f5 C55t5 f551 5*15 ; 
a brief description f5555 i ( pi 

Diagnoses ). 

Diagnose ( ) v. t. to ascertain a disease 
by its symptoms C5t<f 5*5, C5515 f55 I 
Diagnostic adj. or n. characteristic symptoms 
Wl \ 


[ 204 ] 


Diagonal ( ) adj. joining or going 

through two non-adjacent angles of a 
plane figure 

CW\n^ C%yf^ i a straight 

line drawn between two opposite angles 
of a rectilineal figure 

^1 c^Pina ; 

^ 4 1 

Diagram ( ) n. a figure drawn in 

outline faal i 

Diagraph ( instrument for 
teaching drawings f^TC^tal 


Diai ( ) n. an instrument for showing 

the hour by the sun’s shadow ; 

the face of a watch or clock showing tlie 
divisions of an hour Flat l 

Dialect ( ) n. a local form of speech, 
a non-literary vernacular C^TC^Tl 
'Sfnacs^f ®t?l I 

Dialectic or Dialectical ( ) 

adj. pertaining to dialect 

t Dialectics n. the 
science of reasoning I 

Dialogue ( ) n. discourse between two 

or more persons j 

Dialogist n. c^1 Cf ^691 

Dialysis ( ) n. dissolution of substance 

Diameter ( ) n a straight line 
passing through the centre of a circle 
» Diametrical adj. 
like the opposite ends of the diameter 
^1*^4 'QC^lUl ; relating to a 

diameter c^Sfr'S’ft C4<n i Diametrically 
adv. directly C’Tfri? C^tT^, 

^Ttrw ^ITCW ; exactly 4tC^ I 

Diamond ( ^tnrsTO: ) n. the most valuable 
and hardest gem ; one of the foui- 
suits of cards ^ ; a kind 

of small type 

I Diamond cutting 
>l¥ >1^ cvfm I Diamond cuts 


♦ITC^ I Rough diamond =^^^1 
Cli>1 I A diamond of the 

first water = a man of highest merit 

Diana ( ) n. a Roman goddess of 
fertility ; a horse woman 


Diaper ( ) «• a linen cloth woven 
in figmes CTtrl 4ricnl4 l 

Diaphanous ( ^CTlCtP^Tl?;[ ) adj. having power 
to transmit light, transparent irtnif? 
trt^ i —ness n. 

«•! I 

Diaphoretic ( ) adj. causing 

perspiration *tTl i — n. 

Diaphragm ( ^rjir3Pt|[ ) n. the muscle which 
separates the chests from the abdomen 
trrw4 ifST^i^T ; a 
photographic instrument with a hole in 
the middle W '«i1<h 

C^t»l1 ; thin partition of membrane 

Diarchy ( ) n. government by two 
»rt^st I 

Diarrhoea ( ) n looseness of the 
bowels 05«r, i Diarrhoeic adj. 

Diary ( ) n. a daily record 

C4t«r=THlFl, I 

Diarise ( ) v. t. to enter in a diary 
(Rtsrstt^nsl ^ \ Diarist 

n. one who keeps a diary «rf^st 


Diastema ( ) n. a natural space 
between two teeth C^C^1 

4tt I 


t 205 ] 


Diatfaennal ( ) adj. letting heat 
through trr^ *1^1, I 

Diathermy n. application of electricity to 
prjduce heat in the tissues of body 
-WTO 'stn fwi I 

Diathesis ( tsinifefss; ) n. a particular condi- 
tion of the body c^tr^l 
^^^1 I 

Diatoms ( ) «. a kind of microscopic 
cellular sea weed forming fossil deposits 
at bottom of sea t5»lt5 

Diatribe ( ) n. a continued discourse 

DIb ( ) D. t. to dip cnai1, cfel*!l I Dibs 
n. Vrsz^ ca»il i ( aataj ^arta ) i 
Dib-stones c®t ca»i1 tif!) i 

Dibble or Dibber ( ) n. a pointed tool 

used for planting seeds atfa, 

I — V. t. to plant with a dibble a^sitca 
cn I — v. i. to make holes 
^ ; to dip as in angling C^tm i 

Dicacity ( ) n. raillery ^^1, 
fJian I 

Dice ( ) ( /)/. of Die ) n. 

♦ii«n I —0. i. •ft»n caai i 

Dicephalous adj. two headed 

Dickens ( ) n. the devil ; a(tna i 

To play the dickens, what the dickens^ 
•rc^ eia”® 

Dicky, Dickey ( ) n. an ass ata i Dicky 

bird n. aiasaatf^T iratlt \ 

Dictaphone ( f^c^ciFtsi ) n. a machine for 
recording speech and to reproduce the 
same before a typist I lut 

'•catai 5a I 

Dictate ( ) 0 . t. to tell another what 
to say or to write ^r*fCa a^, fWart^ Cf ; to 

suggest, to command aiian 5^ asa, 
faai ca i 

Dictation ( ) n. act to dictating 
ai'fla, fiial ; 

I Dictator n. one invested with 
absolute authority ^or a time 

C»lt^ I Dictatorial adj. at^Tla 
filltl I 

Diction ( ) n. manner of expression 
c»ial ai c^iata a^a, a*ri«7l ; style. 

Dictionary n. a book containing 

explanation of words arranged alphabe- 
tically i 

Dictum ( ) n a saying ^TtT'TT, 5^ l 

( pL Dicta ) . 

Did pa. t. of Do. 

Didactic ( ) adj. intended to instruct, 

instiuctive I pL Didactics 

n. the art or science of teaching f^Vl- 
fkmt^ I 

Didactyl ( ) n. an animal with two 

toes only 5^ I 

Didapper ( ) n. water bird, also 
called Dabchick I 

Diddle ( ) v. t. to swindle I 

Die ( ) V. i. to lose life, to perish, to 

expire 5^1 5 i ( illness, 

disease, — by the sword, —from wound, 
through neglect, — in battle, —for some 

one). Die away = to disappear gradually 
»rtC5 ^ c^ltn 5 * Die ont= 

to become extinct *11 I Die hard — 

si^, I Die- 

hard = obstinate politician C^TC^ri 
^itRi «i=i5i I 

Die n. a small cube used in gaming 

*rr»n I pi. Dice ). Dice play*=*tt*n c«r»f 1 
The die is cast = the question is decided 
finally l^Z9 ; 51^ 

c»tcmfill5l 1 Die n. a 
stamp for impressing coin ( pi. Dies ) 
^3S1 9(V1 ^ 5t»r, C5t5^ 


[ 206 ] 


I Die-sinker = ^6 

^ctr^1 1 

Diesel ( ) n. 

> —oil 

csm I 

Diet ( ) K. food prescr ibed by a physi- 
cian *r«fF, «rt^ ; allowance of pro- 
visions I — V. t. or V. t. to 

supply with food ♦(«(! I 

Diet ( ) n. the chief national council 
in some countries in Europe ; a confer- 
ence on national or 'nternational busi- 
ness Trw^« ^tcwitF^rl 
c^-i^ I 

Dietary ( ) n. course of diet 

fsF??r ; allowance of food i — adj. 

♦f«a I 

Differ ( ) v. i. to be unlike ( follo- 

wed by uuith^ from, to) \ to disagree with 
[from, with) ^5, 'Bitw 

to dispute ( with ) ^ I 

( pr. p. Differing ; pa, p, differed ) 

Difference ( ) n. disagreement, 

quarrel ; 

distinction i — v. t. 

to make a difference i 

Different ( ) adj. distinct, separate, 
unlike, ( with from ) 

I Differently adv. <5^- 

Wen, ; separately. 

Differential ( ) adj. per- 

taining to a difference 

; special '5Ft»rrf?*fl i Differentiate 
V. t. to make a difference, to classify as 
different i Differ- 

entiation n. the act of distinguishing a 
thing by its qualities «•! 

?SC*f ^45 f 1 I Differential calculus ==f5[r6t 
I Differential gear=c^?:^ tfk^^ 


Difficult ( ) adj. hard to be done, 
not easy c4t5^, 9^? i 

Difficulty ( ) n. labouriousness ijfw, 
&t5F ; obstacle TT^TI ; trouble CJH ; 
perple.Kity Wf t^, C»F<l1, ci^, ; a quarrel 


Diffidence ( f^“-ftP-CF5i|» ) «. a want of con- 
fidence, modesty SFiirFIl I 

Diffident ( ) adj. wanting self- 
reliance, modest 

^U«, I Diffidently adv. I 

Diffract ( ) v. t. to break into-parts 


c’ft^ ) 1 «t<r i 

Diffuse ( ) V. t. to pour out all 
round, to spread, abroad, to scatter 

; to publish OTt^l I — v. i. 
to spread •f^, 

?, I Diffused adj. spread widely 

4t^ ewt^b ^]t^, «imR I 

Diffusible adj. that may be diffused 

n^i, *1^1, ♦Ki I 

Diffusive adj. extending > Diffuse 

adj. not concise • Diffusion 

n. expansion, spreading abroad 
^Tl, I 

Dig ( ) V. t. to turn up the earth, to ex- 
cavate «rt5T, I —V. i. to till the 

ground Ft? I —n. thrust C«rtF ; 

I Diggings ( pi. ) n. c»Tt«l ’•f^rl Srfit- 
I Dig in=«(tr^:n»Ft^ Ft^ ; to work 
hard I 

Digamy ( ) n. second marriage 

f^^t? I Digamous ( f^^TtltF; ) adj. inflorcs- 
cense of both male and female flowers 

Digest ( ) V., t. to disolve food in the 

stomach apl*! ; to 

soften by heat or moisture Wt?f^FBl ; to 
think over nt^, ’RFF ^fw «f » 

Digest ( collection of laws 

vital?, 'dtC^ltF#! ; compendium 

vit? vrtdl? I Digestible a4j. ^*1 fSiit? 


[ 207 ] 


; that may be digested. 
Digestion n. the process of digesting 

; orderly* arrangement i 

Digestive adj. promoting digestion 

Digit ( ) n. a finger’s breadth ; 

any one of the nine numbers 

; the twelfth part of the diame- 
ter of the sun or moon 
wt^>ntt«r I 

Digital ( %fwri»2T; ) n. pertaining to the 

fingers I Digitalis n. a medi- 

cinal plant used chiefly for improving 
the action of the heart >1^ 

Dignify ( ) V. t. to exalt, to invest 

with honour \ Digni- 

fied adj. exalted, noble 
^rrtrfl, I 

Dignitary ( ) n. clergyman of 

dignified position I 

Dignity ( ) n. elevation of mind or 
character «ntf^ ; elevation in rank 

mu, ^)TTl, ^U, I 

Digress ( ) v. i. to go from the main 
subject ^5»r ^<n IR, ?tr8? 

I Digression n. a turning from 
the main subject TW I 

Dike, dyke ( ) n. a trench, a ditch 

«rt*[ ; a mound raised to prevent inunda- 
tion I 

Dilapidate ( ) v. t. to lay waste, to 

go to ruin cml, 

C? I Dilapidated adj. in ruins 

'swar, w^i^i I 

Dilapidation ( ) w. state of ruin or 

decay • Dilapidator 

n. I 

Dilate ( ) i/, t. to spread out ^^f«T 

» Dilation n. i —v. i. to 

speak at length, to widen 

I Dilation or Dilatation n. 

expansion. With dilated eyes=?^ d^tsT- 


Dilatory ( ) adj. slow, tardy \ 

Dilatoriness n. slowness 

Dilemma ( t%cvi5n ) n. a perplexing state 
c*flT«rt^r?rt^, On the 

horns of a dilemma \ 

Dilettante ( ) n. a superficial 

lover of fine arts 

fipui 'en:^ '6^^ mzv\) 

C»lt^ I I (pi.) 

Dilettanti ( — ) i 

Diligence (f®f^CW^) n. steady application 
to business, persistent effort SRSTl- 

; a French stage coach 
-Stlfl I 

Diligent ( ) adj. industrious, steady 
and earnest I 

Diligently adj. steadily and carefully 
vitRr I 

Dilly-Dally ( ) v. i. to loiter 

«rT^ ; ^ I 

Dilute ( ) V. t. to diminish the strength 

of a substance by mixing with water' 


Dilution n. act of diluting 


Diluvial ( ), Diluvian adj. rela- 

ting to a flood, caused by a flood 
1)51 I 

Diluvium or Diluvion ( ) an in- 
undation t>3t, ’TT^ ; ( 

Dim ( ) adj. not clear or bright, obs- 
cure csin^nn ; i>^i- 

FSf^ \ Dimness n. 

I Dimly adv. i -~v. t. to 

obscure i To take a dim view 

Dimension ( ) n. extent, bulk, size 


adj. 'G«r, I The three 


[ 208 ] 


dimensions of space 

I Fourth di(nension~^^5?^Btt^- 


Diminish ( ) v. t. or v. i. to make 

or become less 5t^ ; 


Diminution (fsfsrF^^irJf) n. a lessening, decrease 
^e^T, JfT I 

Diminutive ( ) adj. small, con- 
tracted 'ci^«nit5i I ( w 

»r5if I ) 

Dimissory ( ) adj. sending away, 
giving permission to depart to another 
place f^?1 

Dimity ( ) n. a striped cotton cloth 

Dimple ( ) n. a. little hollow in the 

cheek i 

— V. i. to form dimples C^»r f 

entm i 

Din ( %T ) «. a loud continued noise, f^fvflf«l, 

^ ^rf^to, I — V, t. to annoy with 

clamour ( as to one’s complaints into the 
ears. ) C^tFf»r 5jrfn;8t*r «T^1 I 

Dine ( ) V. i. to take a dinner 

C^tW*i ^ I — V. t. to give a dinner C’BtW ^?1, 
C®tW cTf I Dining-room =C'5TW5T vrt^n 

C«rt5l C^til I To dine out=vr^ ^Tew 
itt® « To dine with Duke Hnm- 

.phrey=f5T^t?ti:^ W i 

Ding ( f®*s ) V. t. to throw, to hurl 

cnarl I 

Ding ( f®N ) V. i. to keep sounding 1^1 1 
<rt^ I Ding-dong=4ii:^^t:^ i 

Dingle ( ) n. a narrow valley 

i Dingled-angle 
adv. in a swinging manner C^tCirT*!- 

Dingy ( ) adj. dull, solid 

^ I Dinginess n. ’iifiili? i 

Dinner ( ) n. the chief meal of the day 
w\f\^ ; a feast c«tw, ( m«rr^«r5: 
♦IT:^ ) Dinner time C«tW5R 

>r>lTl I Dinner without grace 


Dinoceras ( ) n. an extinct animal 

( 09^ WM f«f5r- 

f^t, ^Tf?*T ) I 

Dinosaur ( tFtIrsttf ^ ) n. an extinct reptile 
^fsstrr? wt^ir wi 

{ tits ^^C»i iro 'ntff »T ) I 

Dint ( ) n. a blow ; mark of a 

blow ; Ut^l^'^rUT f55T, ; force or 

power. By dint of courage i 

Diocesan ( t5ta’C55T^ ) n. pertaining to diocese 

Diocese ( ) n. extent of a Bishop’s 
• jurisdiction I 

Dioptric ( ) adj. pertaining to 

dioptrics cnTt^ I Dioptrics 

n. a part of optics which treats of the 
transmission of light 
ntvfi I 

Diorama ( ) n. a contrivance for 
exhibition of pictures 

C^)^9\ I 

Dip ( ) D. U to plunge, to immerse 
^ I — V. i. to sink, to incline 
downwards ^ ? Tl 

’•n, If fit tn I ( coUoq. ) involve 

in debt irt^^ cnt^ vfl • Dip of the horizon 
=5^? c*ttc^ entr^f «t?i cust 

C^t«l i Dipping needle =C^1"^t5 sfSR 
^1^1 1 Dippy ( slang ) = crazy i 

Diphtheria ( ) n. a throat disease 
d&HI nersfl 
C^«ft5| I 

Diphthong ( «it ) n. a union of two vowels 
in one syllable or in one sound »all 
C^W I 

Diploma ( ) n. a document conferring 


some privilege or degree 

i Diplomacy n. political skill & 
dexterity ^i«n, 

dliRtf% I 

Diplomatic adj. skilful in negotiation faaiar, 

^3|Pt I —n. aifv \ 

Diplomatist or Diplomat n. one skilled in 
diplomacy aft i 

Dipsomania ( ) n. a morbid crav- 
ing for alcoholic drinks a?? cl^Tf? I 

Dipsomaniac adj. aaft, aafn^rT^ i 

Dipterous or Dipteral adj. two winged 

Dire ( ) adj. dreadful, calamitous 

cata i 

Direct ( ) adj. straight, outspoken, 
sincere cnTa, aaer, i A direct 

descendant a'*!, 
c»it5P I 

Direct ( ) v. t. to point or aim straight- 
ly Coital ; to guide, to order ajtc?*! f^F^I 
C’f, i Direct him to my house= 

cata C^t51 f^Tl ; to write 

the address ata*(Ta i Direct this letter 
to Commissioner =oqt 

I Direction n. act of 
directing, command ^<*1, 

«rtm1, ; the line of course 

a^t^T, fna, ( cara vuB’pffa, 

cat^a ) ; address of a letter 

I Directly adv. in a direct manner, 
immediately C^TC^, 

; openly ( Directness 

n. a straightness I Director n. 

one who directs, a manager or governor 
*rt>Tit^4l • ( Fern, ) 

Directress or Directrix, Directorate, 
Directorship n. the office or a body of 
directors i Di- 

rectorial adj. pertaining to a director, 
guiding R9tm I Directory n. a 

body of directors ^*1 ; a guide 



book «Rtl 

Rtrtn I 

Dirge ( ) n. a funeral hymn 

catn I 

Dirigible ( ) n. capable of being 
guided aal ; a balloon or airship 

c^rR *R1 c?i^ ^1 i 

Dirk ( ) fi. a poniard i 

Dirt ( tstij ) n. any filthy substaticc C5^, 

; loose earth I Dirt* 

cheap = very cheap ^ ^<51 i Dirteating = 
a morbid impulse to eat dirt C<n^, 

C<rr^ \ To eat dirt=’«rW5T 

>1^ I Dirty adj. foul, filthy 

; unclean i Dirtiness 

n. «•! I 

Disable ( f®rw^ ) v. t. to deprive of power, 
to weaken 

2R, I Disability 

n. want of power, disqualification 

Disabuse ( ) v. t. to undeceive 

; *Slf% ^ ^<f^1 I 

Disadvantage ( 

advantage, what is unfavourable «lt5wr 
cW ; loss, injury 
I Disadvantageous adj. 
unfavourablcncss ’srt^ST ^f^- 

I — ly adv. I — ness n. 

Disaffect ( ) v. t. to make unfriendly 

«T»l C^^TCTt^n I Disaffected adj. 
unfriendly, disloyal 

1 Disaffection n. want of 
affection, dislike, ill-will C^X* 

^ Disaffectionate 

adj. I 

Disafforest ( ) v. t. to reduce a 

state forest to common land 
c*f I 

Disagree ( f^S^viiRr ) v. i. to dissent 

; to differ ^ ; to be imsuitable 

It disagrees with the stomach = 

[ 209 ] 


[ 210 ] 


I ) Disagreeable adj, not 
agreeable ; unpleasant 

I Disagreeableness n. . Disagree- 
ment n. difierence ; 

unsuitableness ; dispute 

f?i3Ti*r, I 

Disallow ( ) V. t. to refuse permis- 
sion 5 ; to deny the authority of 

; to reject CW • 

Disaliowable adj not allowable 
C^T^r I Disallowance n. ; 

prohibition I 

Disannul ( ) v. t. to annul com- 
pletely i 

Disappear ( ) v. i. to vanish 

from sight ?, C^itW ♦fl, sit? ?1 ; 

l[, I Disappearance n. 'bi^*® ?\65T ; 
removal from sight C’lt’t? 'StC? 

OTt? I 

Disappoint ( v. t. to deprive 

one of what is expected ^at»r ???, 
?5^? I Disappointment 
n. defeat of hopes or expectation 

^iisrc?t?«r, 15 ? c?t?tf? cnT?i 

»lt«F I 

Disapprobation ( ) « dislike 


Disapprove ( ) v. t. to regard as 

bad, to condemn C^T»T, •I’T^It^, 

I ( with of) Disapproval n. dislike 
5rrns«*f, isisit^, c^^ 1 

Disarm ( ) v. t. to deprive of arms 
f??ar ^'? ; ^^31 ?‘ti% v[ I 

Disarrange ( ) v. t. to derange, to 
disorder ?s?, f?’|p5r?l 

?r?, ^5? I Disarrangement n. disorder 

Disarray ( Jir? ) v. t. to throw into 
disorder ?^?, f^BUT i 

Disassociate ( r®F-iirFfrBr^& ) v. t. to discon- 
nect things associated ?s?, 

C?r?HT I 

Disaster { ) n. a mishap, a sudden 

misfortune, calamity 5^i5?1, 

f?*ffS5. I Disastrous adj. calamitous, 

ruinous l 

Disavow ( 6 ) v. t. to disown, to deny 

sf?, 1 Disavowal n. denial 

Disband ( ) v. t. or 0 . i. to disperse 

( especially of troops ), to break up a 

band ??, ??, 

^ I Disbandment n. 

Disbar ( ) v. t. to expel from the bar 
^^91 WBI I 

Disbelief ( r®sT^f>ltp; ) n. refusal of belief 

I Disbeliever n. 

Disbelieve ( ) y. t. to discredit 

'Siatsp I 

Disburden or Disburtlien ( ) to 

rid of a burden, to free tlBI, ^9 


Disburse ( ) v. t. to pay out ilBtl 

I Disbursement n. the 
act of paying out, the sum spent 

Disc or Disk ( ) any flat round object, 

the face of a celestial body 
'en? ^Tif, I 

Discard ( ) v. t. to cast off, as not 

needed wfam? ( \Jt5 C’«I91^ ), j 

to reject ^il? i 

Discern ( f^W-'Bit^ ) v. t. to distinguish 

clearly, to judge ?lff 9T, 

C?fw 5ri 

♦{t< I Discernible adj. that may be seen 
^?1 I Discernment n. 
act of discerning ; faculty of dis- 
cerning ; judgement f?5t? *rfv, 

W I Discerning a:^'. discriminating 


Discharge ( ) v. t. to unload ^ 


t 211 ] 


C^twi 5T«n ; to set free 
CW, ^ ; to acquit vfl^ ; 

to perform ( as duties ) ^ ; to 

pay ( as an account ) ^W, f^Ff?r fsT^t*f 

; to fire ( as a gun ) ; to 

dismiss from service *[^1 CW ; to 

let out TTW C*f»l1 I — act 

of discharging ; unloading 

’«rt»Il5 ; release ; 

dismissal trfw ; that which is discharged 
f?lfil»tt3S5 ^TW ^^1 fTF I To discharge an 
order i i 

Disciple ( ) n. a follower f^^r, ; 

an adherent to a faith l 

Discipline ( ) n. training according 
to rules ; subjection to control 

»rt>f^ antsTi ; order 

punishment *rff% ; severe training 

»rT^ I — V. t, to train, to bring 
under control C^f, »rt^5t 

UTI ^ Disciplinarian n. i 

Disciplinary adj. intended for discipline 
•rT>l5T4f ^C’Wenff I 

Disclaim ( ) r. i. to disown, to 

renounce all claims to, to reject 

»rT^, « —V. t. to give up 

all claims ( with in ) «ftf^ 
vuf^ CW \ Disclaimer n. denial, disavowal 

Disclose ( f®5'CJFtW ) V. t. to open ; 

to reveal nn ^«r| i 

Disclosure n. a revealing 

; that which is revealed 

Discolour ( ) v. t. to stain, to 

change the colour of, to disfigure 

CWI *1^, ^1 

I Discoloured adj, stained 

f^rw I 

Discomfit ( ) V. t. to disconcert 

^ ; to defeat nTHr? ^ \ 

( pr, p. Discomfiting ; pa. p, Dis comfited ) 

Discomfiture n. a defeat ♦RtWir, ♦RtfR, 
^ I 

Discomfort ( f%67^t[tp§ ) n. want of comfort, 
uneasiness ^t*T i 

Discomfortable adj. causing discomfort 

Discompose ( ) v. t. disarrange, to 

disorder C3Ti:»rWtf»T I 

Disconcert ( ) v. t. to deprive of 
harmony, to disturb ^ ; to frus- 

trate ^ ; to confuse 
^3|, ^ I — n. disunion I Dis- 

connect V. t. ( with from ) to separate 

Disconsolate ( ) adj. without 
consolation, sad 

t?tnr, I Disconsolation n. 

Discontent ( ) n. dissatisfaction, 
uneasiness I — ed. adj. 

dissatisfied » --cd- 

ly adv. I Discontentment n. 

dissatisfaction, ill humour 

Discontinoe ( ) v. t. to cease, to 

leave off, to stop ui^, 

• — 0 . t. to cease ^ I 

Discontinuance n. a ceasing Wtf%, 

» Discontinuons adj. 
not continuous, separated 

Discord ( ) n. disagreement, strife 

wbl^T I Discordance n. 
disagreement ' Discordant 

adj. without concord, inconsistent 
m^ws, C5?tr^t?n ; harsh 

Discount ( ) «• deduction of a 

sum in advancing money on a bill ; an 
allowance ^Sl, 1 — v. t. 

to allow discount ?n5l C*t ; to advance 
money deducting interest 'ollTOH 


[ 212 ] 


*1^ ; to put a reduced value on 

7^9 lTr I At a 

discount = below par ; super- 

fluous, depreciated in value 


Discountenance ( ) v. t. to 

abash, to discourage 

Discourage ( ) v. t. to dishearten, to 

^ts I Discouragement n. act of discourag- 
ing, dejection f Discouraging adj\ 

disheartening ^9r1. 'srTT-^n 

Discourse ( ) n. conversation, speech 

; a treatise, a 

sermon i 

— V. i, to converse, to reason f, 

^8rr^t5^1 t I Discoursive 

ac(;. I 

Discourteous ( ) adj. uncivil w;?, 
HV, ; rude ; (TlW^lflST i 
Discover ( ) r. t. to uncover, to 
find out, to make known 

m, I Dis- 
covery «. the act of finding out ; 

; disclcsure 'sdf^art^, i 

Discoverer n. i 

Discredit ( f®5"C3Ff%§ ) n. want of credit, 
ill repute ^3Tt»r, 'ST^ntf^, I 

—v. t. to refuse belief in 

; to disgrace f%«1 CW, i 

Discreditable adj. disgraceful 

Discreet ( ) wary, prudent 

Discrepancy ( ) «,• variance of 

facts, disagreement 
C^fl? I Discrepant adj. contiary f®!l, 


Discrete ( ) adj. separate <y«f^, 
having discernment ; prudent 

I ( opposite Concrete ) i Discretlve 
adj. disjunctive i 

Discretion ( ) n. prudence, liberty 
to act at pleasure C^IC^I 

I At discretion 
=f^«p ^rs I Age or 

year of discretion «r«TI, 

I Be at one’s discretion 
= 5»tl To 

surrender at discretion =f^*11 
^^'5 t Discretionary adj. 

left to discretion 

Discriminate ( ) v. t. to distin- 
guish, to select from others <Sfi:^W 

C^^i^ ^tfF, 1l*rr«-! f^5t^ I 

— V. i. to make difference ^[Wl i 

Discriminating adj. discerning 
«Tt»l I 

Discrimination ( ) n. acuteness 

; discernment SJZ'^ «8t^, fair^5^1, 
f^Fl? "Ttv, ^»T C^«i I Dis- 
criminative adj. marking distinction iSTCW 

Discursive ( ) adj desultory, roving, 

digressive iRl, 

; proceeding regularly to arrive at 
a conclusion > 

Discursion ( n. act of reasoning 

; desultory talk 

Discus ( ) n. disc ^^W[, ^1? \ 

Discuss ( ) V. i. to examine in detail, 

to debate 5p;f, 

Discussion ( ) n. debate 

f?r5t^ tl*ft^<l1, I 

Dlscussive ( 1%5”^t5^-f^'5" ) adj. able to dis- 
cuss ; tending to dis- 
perse tumours ^1*1 ^1, 

CU^1 tl?«1 • 

Disdain ( f%5;rs|s[) v. i. to scorn, to think 


[ 213 ] 


unworth 'ew1, ^*11 

I — n. scorn, haughtiness ^*11, 

Wtf^ I Disdainful adj. scornful, haughty 

55 r«rrw^T^, I 

Disease ( f®fww; ) n. ailment, mental or 

bodily disorder C^t^f i 

Diseased adj. affected with disease 

Disembark ( ) v. t. to go on shore 

to land, to put on shore ^*11, 

Wt^tW C8t»f 

^1 ?TTsn I — 1 \ i. to land I Disem- 
barkation n. a landing or going ashore 

;n»i5r. i 

Disembarrass ( ) v. t. to free 

from perplexity f^^n^Tst •f^l 


Disembody ( ) v. i. to take away from 

the body ift^ <1^1 j to 

disband ♦lal C<i?1 i 

Disembowel ( ) v. t. to take out 

bowels of cn^ TtW 


Disemploy ( ) v. t. to deprive of 

employment ♦Rl tl^ i 

Disencumber ( ) v. t. to disburden 

^ CftWI tin I ( Disencumbrance 
n.)y Disencumbered estate Act^tirars^ 

Disengage ( f^y:-ai5^-cnw; ) v. t. to free from 
an engagement, to set free W 

C?, f9 CUtr^t^n ; to separate 
^ I Disengagement n. release, 
leisure ^[fv, i 

Disennoble ( ) v. t. to degrade 
^♦nrv ’tR, ♦Rl 5 RI 1 I 

Disenrol ( ) v. t. to remove from 

a roll JTtTT \ 

Disentail ( ) II. t. to break or re- 
move the entail of an estate 
>rfc» >p^ fSiftt esrmt? c»it ^Ti w 
« ^ ’Bt? w ? I 

Disentangle ( ) v. i. to free from 

entanglement or disorder f3|w1%^ 

H ; to unravel wtl 

C^t»l I 

Disenthral ( W[) v. t. to free from 

bondage <1Rl ^ l 

Disentitle ( ) v. t. to deprive 

of title Tff I 

Disentomb ( ) v. t. to remove from 

a tomb trffsT I 

Disentrance ( ) to awaken from 

a deep sleep or meditation ail^ W 

Disestablishment n. the act of taking away 

what has been established vijTf^ Cljtn 

Disfavour ( ) n. (Jislike, displeasure 

emn l —v, t. to with- 
hold favour from n1, il^, 

^ I 

Disfeature ( ) v. t. to mar the features 
of ^ ; to deface 

^tt% 1 

Disfigure ( deform, to 

deface CTff<Rt»r (R?1 

I — n. Disfigurement, disfiguration. 

Disforest v. t. to strip of trees, to disafforest 



Disfranchise ( 1%^rapf^w; ) v. t. to deprive of 
the rights of voting for an M. P. "siW^ttw 

Disgorge ( ) v. t, to discharge from 

the throat, to vomit t 

Disgrace ( ) n. state of being out of 

grace or favour, dishonour 

« — V. t. to bring disgrace or 

shame upon »itW C«f, I 

Disgraceful adj. dishonourable, causing 

shame »ltW »l<n, 

^tnlf^RR t 


[ 214 ] 


Disguise ( ) v. t. to change the 
appearance of, to dissemble «f5l, 

^51, c^n^f^T 45 ? 1 — n. a 

false appearance C«»rs*T I 

Disgust ( ). n. distaste, dislike, loathing 
^*11 I Disgusting adj. 

provoking dislike 
W I 

Dish ( ) n. a plate, the food in a dish 
tfT’n, C^tW=?»lTai I Dish up = 

to serve up old material cooked anew 
fiiuftt cw I 

Dishearten ( ) v. t. to discourage, to 

depress ^^l«r i Disheartened 

adj. depressed i 

Dishevel ( f®C*SC4i*^ ) v. t. to disorder the hair 

^f#l I 

Dishonest ( ) adj. not honest, insin- 
cere ^ I 

Dishonesty ( ) n. want of honesty 

Dishonour ( ) v. t. to disgrace, to 

; to treat with indignity 
•Itif ; to refuse payment, as of cheque 
^ull? I 

Dishonourable adj. disgraceful 
«insiTs?wJ?^p, I 

Disillude ( ) v. t. to free from illu- 
sion 311^ I Disillusion «. freeing 

from illusion csths i 

Disinclination ( ) n. unwilling- 
ness I 

Disincline ( ) v. t. to turn away 

inclination fr-om «i \ Disinclined 

adj. averse 1 

Disincorporate ( f ) v, t. to deprive 

of corporate rights Wf 

Disinfect ( ) v. t. to free from in- 

fection, to purify 

^4, C?t^f4 *141 ^ ^tf4 

'•9% ^ I Disinfectant adj. n. ^itfir 

I Disinfection. 

Disinherit ( ) v. t. to deprive of 

an inheritance 

TV I Disinheritance 

n. VT C»lt*( i 

Disinter ( ) v. t. to take out of a 

grave I Disintegrate 

V. t. to separate into parts ui^>*rf«iert^ 
; to break up C®t<W 1 

Disinterested ( ) adj. having no 

interest, impartial 

I — n. Disinterestedness 

adv. Disinterestedly « 

Disjoin ( f^-w|sT ) v. t. to separate what 
has been joined CWt^1 CUTt^l 

I Disjoin v. t. to separate joints 
cutr^W, c^ceiir I 

Disjointed ( ) adj. unconnected, 
incoherent i 

Disjunct ( ) adj. disjoined 

I Disjunctive adj. disjoining f55[C^T#T, 
CTt*l^ I — n. a word which disjoined 
Uzulw^, I 

Disk see Disc 

Dislike ( ) n. to have an aversion to 

’Tl, ^*11 ^4 I — n. disinclination, aversion 

Dislocate { ) v. t. to displace, to 
put out of joint 

C»t^1 'BTT^ *1^1 5SV I 

Dislocation n. displacement 
^^•1 I 

Dislodge ( ) v. t. to drive from a place 

of hiding or rest W *14'! C*tVl, CTtW 
♦R1 ctii? or I 

Disloyal ( ) adj. not loyal, faithless, 

treacherous Viwrjrtf^, 1 Dis- 
loyalty n. want of fidelity 4Eif^ 


[ 215 ] 


Dismal ( f95W;T«I»I ) adj. gloomy, scornful, 

C^n^al I Dismals ». ( pi. ) mournings 

Dismantle ( ) v. t to strip, to raze 

the fortification 
CnsTl I 

Dismay ( f®s;-ctr ) v. t. to discourage, to terrify 
^ I — n. loss of courage 
irf»T, f5rr5^l, f^TTir i 

Dismember ( fs^^C^^T? ) v. t. to separate limb 
from the body 

; to divide up a country Of*r I 

— n. Dismemberment. 

Dismiss ( ) v. t. to send away 

C?, ; to remove from office 

; to reject as a suit 
I Dismissal n. 


Dismount ( ) v. i. to come down ^T^r, 

C^lTf^^fai I — V. t. unhorse, to over- 
throw 'ew»R1 ^1, cn»It^ C? I 

Disobedient ( ) adj. refusing to 

obey ^'0, ^<11 I Disobedience 

n. violation or neglect of orders 

Disobey ( ) v. t. to refuse to do what 

is ordered f ^ 

«r?ml I 

Disoblige ( ) v. t. to fail to oblige 

TfUTs aisn. f^i»r i 

Disobliging adj. unkind, not obliging ^^^1, 
C^tlT I 

Disorder ( ) n. confusion, distur- 
bance c^c^rwtfai, f5j>5OT, ; 

disease C^'at^, l — v. t. to disarr- 

ange, to disturb C^r^lWtf^r 

^ ; to cause disease si1 ^ l 

Disorderliness ( t%^-«4tf»r-ca[5 ) n. state of 
being disorderly 
mfil I 

I Disorderly ( ) adj. out of order, 

confused ; lawless, vicious 

«*r'9, ^Ifw?nsrra, \ 

Disorderly house Act — c^t*w 

I Disorderly house =a brothel 

CWT»Tir I 

Disorganise ( ) v. t. to destroy 

the organic structure of fsi^.»nsf 
»f^1 ; to disorder 

Disorganisation ( f® 5 :- ) «. breaking 
up of order or system C^CSfWlfsT, 


Disown ( ) V. t. to renounce, to deny 

arf® i 

Disparage ( ) v. t. to undervalue, 

to take slightingly of 
ata, 'Sflf'i, \ Disparage- 

ment n. act of disparaging 'Btaan, 

^l-rtaa I Disparagingly adv. ^fa, 

aqami a^fa i 

Disparity ( f®5^-cn:ai5 ) n. inequality 
f4caiasi, ^aa?ib i 

Dispart ( ) v. t. to separate, to divide 

W ^a, tp-m, a^a I differ- 
ence of thickness of the barrel of a gun 

a^^^a a»ia c^ta i 

Dispassion ( ) n. freedom from pas- 
sion aiv aaa i 

Dispassionate ( ) adj. cool, clam, 

impartial f^a, ^a, »rT^, faacna'. atawtaf 

Dispatch same as Despatch. 

Dispel ( ) V. t. to drive away lya ata, 

^a, CWt. ca I ( L. (/w=away ; 
pellere ~io drive). 

Dispensable ( CFa®^ ) adj. that may 

be dispensed with tSH^ asfaa nai, 

faa nai i 

Dispensary ( C5fa ) n. a place where 

medicines are given away gratis 
ca»a\ ^^aatai, at^ai i 


[ 216 1 


Dispensation • ( ) n. distribution, 

various methods of God’s dealing with 
His creatures f?Tr1 ?5t^r, 

^T^Tl» ; permission to neglect 

a rule I Dis* 

pensatory n. a book containing medical 
prescriptions i 

Dispense ( ) v. t. to deal out in por- 
tions ; to distribute C*r ; to 

administer WTt% C? • Dis- 
pense with = to do without 1151, 

CW, 5»n I He has dispensed 

with his services=:^^^ 

'n5treT I 

Dispeople ( ) v. t. to depopulate 

Disperse ( f®5-^ft§ ) v. t. to scatter, to diffuse 
srtsr^itJT ; to drive 

asunder ^ ; to cause to vanish 

C<f*f1 I — V. i. to separate, to vanish vil^l 

3^, f^f^rrn i 

Dispersion ( ) n, state of being scat- 
tered I ( medi ) 

removal of inflammation ^1 

I — adj. Dispersive. 

Dispirit ( ) v. t. to discourage ^^1*1 

I Dis- 
pirited adj, dejected I -ly 

adv, \ 

Displace ( f®5-C?[6;; ) v. t. to put out of place, 
to remove ; 

to disarrange f^’5'%r®T I Displacement n, 

the act of displacing l 

Displant ( ) v. t. to remove from 

where it was once planted ^«tr«T ; 

to drive from an aljode C^^lt i 

Display ( ) V- f- to exhibit, to spread 

out ; to 

make prominent ®1»f1 i 

— n. exhibition, show 

I Displayer n. i 

Displease ( ) v. t. to offend 

Utl? *1111, C^tC^Pt^l C^t»l I 

Displeased pa, adj. vexed 1%^^, 


Displeasure ( ) n. anger, cause of 

annoyance, dissatisfaction C^t9, 

cw?n, I 

Disport ( ) V. t. or v. i. to amuse one’s 

self isitrnt5l1 OTtf»i 5jr^, 5^? ; to 

move in gaiety ^1 cn5 ?rtf^ 

Dispose ( f%5nw ) V. t. to arrange «f ; 
to make over by sale, gift etc. ^tF| 

C? ; to apply to certain purpose C’PTC^I 
; to incline IT^I, 

CiftW, I I nm not disposed to do 

lhis=?l^ ^\Z^^ orfr«rtcnp1 i He has 

disposed of his properties 
t^art^ TfJT I The case 

has been disposed of— ^»1 i 
He is not well disposed towards me-c^^ 
c^rnt?, i 

Man proposes God disposes ntCW 

^tcar I 

Disposal ( the act of disposing, 

power of bestowing, management 3J1P1, 
nf^Ffaist, fw?n^l ’assitji, 

I At his disposal 


Disposition { ) n. order, arrange- 
ment ; natural ten- 
dency ST^, ; 

inclination ^5g1 ; a conveyance 

^^•1 l 

Dispossess ( ) v. t. to j)iit out of 

possession i Dispossession n. 


Dispraise ( f^6;;*ca^«f } v. t. to blame 

I — V. blame, reproach 

Disproof ( [®5-a*5J> ) n. refularioa 


[ 217 ] 

Disproportion ( ) n. want of pro- 
portion, inequality ^c6n1, 

» — v.t. to make tmsui table nitrwt^ 
^ I Disproportionate adj. unequal, un- 
symmetrical ^nrt«n i — ly 

adv. I 

Disprove ( ) v. t. to prove to be false 

ntfjat-l ^ «ftrR ^ ; to refute 

«rin«i vcttH 5js?r i 

Dispute ( ) D. t. to oppose by argu- 

ment, to contend for al%et*f 

; to call in question fasi 
^[f«T 5faT*l C^T»l I — V, i. to argue, 

to debate ^^1- 

I — n. a contest in words 
; a quarrel i 

Disputed adj. ; having 

a dispute. Beyond dispute —certainly 
( Disputable adj. that 
may be disputed erf*tf%iR^, i 

Disputation n. a controversy, a contest 

Disqualify ( ) v. t. to make 


I Disqualification it. anything 
that disqualifies CTI^t, 

^«-l 'BRjlJl I 

Dis-quiet ( ) v. t. to make un- 
easy, to disturb CWt^, 

nR I — n. want of quiet, imeasiness ni»rff%, 

Disquietude ( ) a, uneasiness 

c#tf ^t*T I 

DisquisitlQn { ) it. a careful inquiry 

«tTc»it5!n, ; ’feui essay i 

Disregard ( ) it. slight, want of 
attention ; neglect nit'SVtn, ^tt, ’on!W1| 
— V. t to pay no attention 
arre^«i ^sitiT ata, caiFR, arawi ^a, c^i 
aFa, atdTtW ^ ; to slight ; to pay 

no l|eed» 

DiareUsh (f^-cat^) v. t. to dislike the 

taste of vtar ca»rta, caii m, aiaifiF isa i 
— n. distaste, disgust dislike a^wfp, 
aifaBfi I 

Disrepair ( f^-^mta ) «. state of being out 
of repair caata® cattatal annrl ; bad con- 
dition for want of repairs CVala^ CatCatH 

aira can awn » 

Disrepute ( ) a. dishonour, di^ 
credit atanf^, aina»r, aaaia i ( also Dis- 
reputation n. ) Disreputable adj. disgrace- 
ful aiaitf^aa. fa*a;R>?, aaatfl » 

Disrespect ( ) n. discourtesy, 
want of respect appirR, SRtaa, arnata, 
aif»f^®1 1 

Disrespectfnl adj. uncivil ajft^, away, aia 
awal i Disrespectfidiy adv. navaarrn, 
appsta afa i 

Disrobe ( f®57-a'a ) v. t. to undress faai aa, 
atw carraw i 

Disrupt ( ) V. t. to burst asunder 

aa | Disruption ( facran-nf ) n. the 
act of breaking asunder ai&a ^a, faat<«l ; 
breach dta^ta i 

Dissatisfaction ( f^-C^5-cani^ ) «• discon- 
tent, uneasiness ajaiata, eaata I Dis- 
satisfactory adj. causing discontent apicaia- 
waa, fqaf^aa i 

Dissatisfy ( ) v. t. to displease 
atacata an, c^ata aal, fa^ aa i Dis- 
satisfied adj. discontented, not pleased fa^, 
aam^n, atata i 

Dissect ( ) V. t. to cut asunder, to 
divide and examine ^ta aa, aifa ftfa Fl; 
to analyse atata i DissectloB 

II. the art of cutting into parts an animal 
for examination aai* a aifa aa*lai aa*i, aa 
cay ajTOga \ Dissector n. aal a at^ a^tal 
ai^tFt I 

Dissemble ( ) v. t. to conceal real 
views, to disguise wTasn aa, caiaa aa, nr 
aa, atat? aa t — 1 >. i. to assume a false 


C 218 ] 


appcaraace CWT^ ; to dissimulate 


Disseminate ( ) v. t. to sow, to 

spread abroad, to diffuse I 

Dissemination «. act of propagating, as seed 

Dissension ( f®S- ) n. disagreement, 
discord 5l'3r®«r, i 

Dissent ( ) v. i. to differ ( with 

from) ; to disagree 9, 9 i — n. 

difference of opin'on ; a 

protest I Dissenter n. a 

nonconformist %iSai3T9»i9^ i 

Dissentient ( rs5;-C^^l*f5:9^ ) adj. disagreeing 
f^CatiTl, l —n. one 

who d sagrees cai1^, ftr 91 i 

Dissertation ( r$5;-6Tl-C^lPT ) n. a discourse, a 
treatise a 11, «rfC»IT95r' i 

Disservice ( ) «. injury, mischief 

iTf^, I 

Dissever ( ) ». <. to part in two, 

to separate ClTC^Tll 1*1, 91«T»I 1*1, UTirn 

1*1 I Disserved adj, disunited 
^Tvisf I 

Dissident ( ) adj. dissenting wbfH, 

I Dissidence n. disagreement *5ffiikT, 
flCltl i 

Dissimilar ( %5--f5rsr»itl ) adj. not similar, 
unlike fl*®!, itfint, Clcm 11*11 i 

Dissimilarity n. unlikencss *lT^l*7, ac*5«r, 


Dissimulate ( ) v. i. to pretend 

falsely, to conceal 1*1, cvifni iPi i 

— V. i. to play the hypocrite CWtl, 

ltf9Cl ^afli* I Dissimulation n. 

false pretention, hypocricy ITf^Cl 

It-Ft. ^Tl*‘'^ I 

Dlislimte u. t, to scatter, to 

waste ifitlTf Cnm. it*tinr 1*1, 'Btltir-miTfl 
1*1 4 — V. i. to waste away iitaHl 1, 

CiTlj t9 at«r f I. Diasipated p. adj. 
dissolute ll^Tt I Diaripatlon n. 

dispersion, a d'ssolute course of life IWDl, 
fVsif® 1*1«I, ^^oTfir ; scatieicd 

attention %•! I 

Dissociate ( ) v. t. to separate 
from a society y\w voi, il, 

C1C®11 1*1 I Dissociable adj. not so iablc, 
incongruous ill ISf nil milll, 

I Dissociation n. separation 
isi*, lf«ir« 9i:=Ti 

Dissoluble ( ) adj. capable of 

being dissolved llTl 111, lltl W, f^Ull 
111 I 

Dissolute ( ) c^dj. loose in morals 

n«l^, ij^n, UlTBtl^, lewd, 


Dissolve ( f'S-Wl's; ) v. t. to separate, to 

break up, to melt Ctsi^l ctSlll 1*1, 

ml, ;^i 1*1, W9\ 111, 11^11 1*1, el'll! ; to 
destroy, as by fire 1*1 ; to put an 

end to as a meeting 1*1, ^1? I — v. i. 

to melt ifl 11, 115, ifl n ; to break up 
^4 f, tl*l 5 ; to waste away 11 • 
DissolufiDu ( ) ti. act of dissolving 

ifl ltd, fll^l ; destruction, 

death Utl, fllTl, li«i, ni ; the breaking 
up of an assembly 1®1 1*1^, i 

Dissolvable adj. capable of being melted 
mti mi, wif f^iti mi \ • 

Dissolvent ( ) n. or adj. a solvent 

having power to melt nil Ugl* mll mi, 
iyill* 1^ ( Ciei— ^111 ) I 
Dissonance ( ) n. disagreement, 
of sound, discord >[11 nfin, fi^l > 
Dissonant adj. disagi-ccing nfin, i#»f 1 
Dissuade ( ) u. t. to advise against 

iTii m, 111 * Cl, ciT.n 1 * 11 ! ii*fiitn mii^ 
Cl » DissiUitioii ~£irt9CiTi • Dissuasive adj. 
tending to disshade Itll nfll ml, CltlTl 
mi, af^niiin 

Dissylllble ( ) n. a word of two 

syllables «1C1* nilTci twtl«l ml 

ftmn mf I 

i 219 J 


Distaff (%Gr>c^?F") n. a stick from which 
wool or flax is drawn in spinning 
"fan W1 ; woman*# work 
vfit I Distaff •Ide^fac^'nst^ 


DIstain ( ) v. t. to stain csal »isn i 

Distance ( f^s d>ai ) n. a space between two 
things, remoteness 

; reserve of manner C?tTf^ 

I — V. t. to leave at a distance ‘•115 
cnwif^ 'S?, a i To keep one at a 

distance 5^ 51 ala ; 

carf I To keep one's 
dist£nce=to keep aloof from 
#rf#r, ^5^tr4s^tC^ at^i Distant adj. 
remote in time, space or connection 
; indistinct 

5fC^ RUt^l ; reserved C*IT^^ 


Distaste ( f55"-cl>^ ) n. dislike, disgust 
^#r5, f^«r# I Distasteful adj. 

C¥:il>1, ^*1 5i»|iri ; unpleasant, 


Distemper ( n. a morbid state 

of the body or mind alilfn¥ ■I1-^lf5l^ 
; a disease 4^^?! Wl^ c^VU ; ill- 
humour C^1 *1<l 9«1?[ I — V. t. to disorder 
sT'n C»t^, Tuf^na t Distempered p, adj. 
d sordered i Distemperate 

adj. immoderate ^•if<r«nsl5t‘rt ; diseased 
; ill-humoured ^1^, tsrtC«t<1 i 

Distend ( ) v. t. or v. ». to stretch, to 

swell ^5»11, 1?, fips?, i Distensible 

Oi^. that may be stretched ^5»l1^l nn I 
Distention n. ; stretching 

W»TTn I 

Disticb ( } n. a couplet wm i 

Distil ( ) V. L to drop, gently, to 
extract by heat uitill^n »atil1<Ttt^ Ti 
cf* R P?irai. •fkiTi ; to 
extract spirit vr!l> f? Wf ^ i 

Distillation n. the act of distilling ^sr«t, 
ew w I 

Distillery ( ) n. a place for 
distilling ^ffi-ais^l, STW nrsTW ^ I 

Distinct adj. separate ertW ; 

different C^caHT, ; clear "•i^, vUvtJltl I 
Distinctive adj. marking difference 
caiaa, feiaa i Distinctly adj. 

:at:»ii5it^ i 

Distinction ( ) n. difference SVSW, 

♦rr«laJl ; eminence ; 

honourable treatment »l*lll5t, ailTfa, 
firsts I 

Distinguish ( ) v. t. ( with from ) 
arw aR, ^ ; to note the difference, 

to discern critically CaH 

ala ei itsai ; to make known 

Prailts fiiailTS ^ \ Distinguishable 
adj. capable of being distinguished ffptw 
•R1 I Distinguished adj. eminent, celebra- 
ted «rarr«, fdaii^ i 

Distort ( ) v. t. to turn a different 
way, to twist C^a5l C#T5 C^#iai 
; to pervent I 

Distorted adj. deformed CffirW5l, 

fSfsrft f 

Distortion ( ) n. a twisting, crooked- 

ness c«ia5i era’ll, 'Srur, catrsiai, c’n^-cata i 

Distract ( f®5;*c5f ) to draw in different 

; to confuse f^cuia ?R, cn^jai I Dis- 
traction n. perplexity, frenzy 
f?iaa, I Distracted adj. 

asi af<Hl, I 

Distrain (f®5-C&^J^) v.i. to seize goods for 
debt CVt7 I Distraint n. seizure of 
goods ClFt^Wlfa, I 

Distress ( t^5-cn57 ) n. extreme pain, calamity, 
misfortune fana, 


of distraining C»1¥ I Distress warrant-^ 
Cvffl^ •PieHl I DistressiBg adj. rttparv, 


[ 220 ] 


3?t;f5rr«rrv¥ i Distressful adj. calamitious 

Distribute ( ) v. i. to divide 
amongst several ^srl, ; to classify 


c«rr«1 I 

Distribution ( ) ». allotment, 

classification «t<r 

\ Distributive adj, that which distri- 
butes or divides ^»lsTr?1«t5P i 

Distributor n. one who distributes 

District n. division of a province; circuit 

fwtni, ; a part of a province for 

administrative convenience »rt^^ 3^5^^ 

«rsp»r i 

District Board =finTl^'OfiT*t i 

Distrust ( ) n. want of confidence 

; doubt I •— y. t. to dis- 
believe atsu c^trf I 

Distrustful adj. suspicious « 

Disturb ( ) V. t. to disquiet, to 


I To Disturb the p€ace=»rtf% ; 

^31 I Disturbance n. agitation, 
tumult, perplexity ^5t1- 

f^ti? I 

Disunion ( ) «. want of union 

I Disunite v. t. to separate 
3jy^ ; I 

Disuse ( ) n. cessation of use 

3|f9^ I — V. i. to cease to 

use ?f^t5 

Disusage ( f®57-t^r5W" ) n. cessation of 
customary use fif^Tt C®1t*f » 

Ditch ( ) n. a trench in the earth vjt*r I 
— V. t. to dig a ditch SRH i 

Ditdier n. <rrc*Tmi i 

Ditto ( ) contracted form Do n. the 
same thing repeated i ^adj. as 

before ^ \ Dittos n. 

( pi ) »mr i 

Ditty ( f®l? ) ft. a song I a little 

poem to be sung. 

Diuretic ( ) adj. promoting 

discharge of urine ^ ), ipi 

Diuresis ( ) n. heavy discharge of 
urine I 

Diurnal ( ) adj. daily, performed in 

a day fsrsr^^l ; a diary ; 

a collection of poems \ 

Divan ( %r®3T ) n. in Turkey, a council of 
state ; a sofa ^1 

«rt>R ; a smoking room ; a 

collection of poems I 

Divaricate ( ) v. t. or c. i, to 

divide into two branches ORi, 


Dive ( ) V. i. to plunge into water 

; to go deeply into a matter 
I — n. a plunge into water 

Diver ( ) n. ; a bird expert 

at diving ; a pearl diver 

C®lt^ I 

Diverge (f^»t«) v. i. to incline or turn 
apart, dilTcr, deviate vin>f»Rl 

^ » Divergence n. a ten- 
dency to diverge C^f5lf<?T, I 

Divergence of opinion i Divergent 

adj. CTITI f 

Divers ( ) adj. sundry, more than 
one I 

Diverse ( ) adj. different, unlike ; 
various C^zm C^C»|iT, ’Itsil- 

T^^-< I 

Diversify ( ) v. t. to make 

different UTm gRf, 

f«t<l * 

Diversification a. the act of giving variety 
to f^ggtn w, fg«r I 

Diversion ( v u. art of fuming aside 


[ ] 


; amiucmcnt 

MK cmnf^, "JOF^ ^tn I 

Diyersity ( VtIvrfS® ) «. difference, variety 
f^f^l, OW I ' 

Divert ( p. t, to t\irn aside 

0 t*r cmn, c*nr ; 

to t\ira die mind from business 
cvfoi ^snrrr 

Dives ( ) n. a rich and luxurious person 

I Divitism ( Wi( ) 

n. a state of being rich and luxurious 

Divest ( ) V. t. to deprive of anything 
*1, I 

Divide ( ) v. t. to part asunder «t<t 
vn, yf^ ^ ; to allot cw ; to 

separate into two parts ^ i — v. i. to 
open ^^fir VTi> ; to separate and 

vote C*^ I ( L. rfw.= asunder ; 

tjid^xo separate). 

Dividend ( ) n, the share of interest or 

anything to be divided ffVl, ^ifp, 

sivfliri ; ei«nt»r I To declare a 
divMeiid— at^j i 

Divider ( ) n. that which divides ft 

{pi,) a kind of 
compass ojfta at i 

Divination ( fef«c»nr( ) n. act of divining, 
prediction nftw^ sf«Rl i 

Divine ( ) adj. pertaining to God 

; holy, sacred ♦tftil, i 

-^n. one skilled in devine things ; 

a theologian I — p. t. or p. i. 

to practise divination ¥W, 


Diviner or Divinator ( ^ ) 

«. one who divines, a coiyecturer 
'nnt'n » vi i 

Diving bell a. ^MW\ ng, n^n ^SWS Sftft(*t *R1 

^ I 

Divbilty ( ) n. Godhead, God, a deity 
CWf«t; theology 

Divisibility ( ) n. quality of being 
divisible ftmwTOl I 

Divisible ( ) adj, capable of being 

divided W, ft^TWT i 

Division ( ) n. act of dividing ^*1, 

a partition ; 

a part ©t^f ; part of an army ; 

a barrier ; difference in opinion 

; part of a province divided for 
administrative purposes ^Sig, tfgft, 

uisrr^l I Assam valley division ^»r5T^ 

ftnt*r I Divisional adj. pertaining to a 
division I 

Divisor ( fe«ttsrt^ ) n. a number that divides 
another \ 

Divorce ( f®5’t ) n. dissolution of marriage 

ftsc^rsi W’l y 

— P. t, to separate »ai, 

CW ; to put away 

Divulge ( ) V, t. to make public, to 

reveal gift? gg ^ I 

Dizziness ( ) n. giddiness ^ ^ft, 

Dizzy ( f^ftr ) adj. confused, giddy 
ft35g I 

Do ( ^ ) V. t. { pa. t. did ; pa. p. done ) to 
perform, to accomplish, to prepare gg, 
^ai, ttSTB-tai gai, »T»n*l1 ?sai, 4»I^ ; to 

cheat c’f • — v. i. to get on, to be- 
have gt^, ^ I — n. a trick i^ftf i To do 
business with him=t 5 t^ g1 

Cg^tc<raT1 I I have nothing to do with It 

=Cgt^ ggl ; GTfar gig 

vsrgl > How do yon do*=^ft fgrg 

arm I This will do-anr gg, atm I 

I do love hfan^gt ftpgg grrg *lte i 
Ordered that be do pay a flne-=gfw gg or 
ft gftwui ftg I Do you think 80 «>^ 
egrg vt^teg ? Do away witfaasto destroy, 
to remove gg » Do ior«>to 


[ 222 I 

provide ror» to suit 5, ; 

to ruin sjfn i To do translation into 

t To do Bhim=«>?J^ ^0 ^ i 
To do over— to do again »|in i 

Do up = make tidy fs**! ^;| ; repair 
^ ; wrap up i Do to death=to 

murder 9«n i Be done for=to be 

ruined m\y\ ? I Do your best=^«it>^1«(i C5^1 

Docile ( ) adj. teachable, easily 

managed »ni, wtf^ i Docility n. 

»lt5 c^t?1 tl-l, C»lt5^lT5T5t, I 

Dock ( ^ ) V. t, to cut short ^^1 
Iff? I — n. C=^af ; a kind of weed 

Dock ( ) n. an enclosure for ship Wt^lW 

ill ; a box in court where the accused 
sjands «rr&Ts> 

5^11 I Dockyard n. a yard for 
naval stores wt$tw ^T¥ ^rT»l?l 

Docket ( ) n. a summary 

Tjst t — V. I to make summary 

^5r<is { 

Doctor ( ) n. a physician ; 

one who has received the highest degree 
in a faculty C*tH1 

I — IK t. to treat medically 
91t5T ; to adulterate, to 
falsify #1«f C»f, WtPf ^ I 

{fern. Doctress). 

Doctrinaire ( ) n, an unpractical 

theorist aie»T^¥, «r>it«a 


Doctrine ( ) n. a principle of belief, 

what is taught -f I i (L. 
Doctfe^to teach) ; Doctrinal adj, relating to 
doctrine at^ J 

Document ( ) n. written instrument, 

record* deed T W, wjnj i Documentary 
evideiicc»frfn«^^ OTti, f^(%w 0mn i 


Doddy n. a cow without horns C^Tfritn iltt« 

Dodecagon ( ) n. a figure with tWdvc 
angles and sides » 

Dodge ( ) V. i. or v. t. to start suddenly aside 

Vfvift ^ ; to evade 

^rf<f C*f. ^Tew Cf I 

— n, a trick ^tf% ; a quick side move- 
ment » Dodger ( ) n. an artful 

person i 

Dodgery ( ) n. tricking T^9^, 


Dodo ( ) n. a large clumsy bird 

Doe (ts*) n. the female of the buck 

Doer ( ) n. one who does anything 

^^1 I 

Dog ( ) n. a domestic animal ; a term 

of contempt sTtf»i n^l C^USTI C^tC^ri «ia| 

; cn.sf (dog-fox, dog- 
ape). — V, t. to follow as a dog 
WC^ »ttC5 *»tCU ntCIi ^?f, 

9\^Tt[ Go to 

the dogs=to be, ruined ♦tl, *m>r f I 
Throw, Give or Send to the dogs— to throw 
awaywrvi^T? cn#\1 i Dog-cart 
^ 2 ^ 1 , srf'sTl I Dog cheap = very 

cheap >1^1 I Dog coIIar=^^^5| 

I Doggish = like a dog ; 

churlish. Dog-ear=thc corner of a leaf 
of a book turned down 
*f^1 Dog cared==^^^ 

Dog sleep=f^^ 
c^r*!rJt, ^fkz9\^ CMC! I Dog 


Dog-Days ( ) n. ( pi. ) the period when 

the dogstar appears ^ ^1 

fir ewt 

vrr? ^1, I 

Dogged (9Zirs) rOd;* sull^hi obstinate 
fiKfinfIn nrfw i Dogged^ 

t 223 ] 

adv. obstinately iriC^T? 

Doggeral ( ) n. a kind of irregular 

measure in poetry f ^ *1? i 

Doghead n. 


Dogma ( ) n. a settled opinion, a tenet 

?r3, f>T^T^ I Dogmatic or Dogmatical adj. 
authoritative, overbearing 

' Dogmatically adv. 
Dogmatics n. systcniatic theology iC^sity, 

Dogmatise ( ) r. *. to assert one’s 

opinion arrogantly 


Dogstar ( ) n. a big star called Sirius 

sMh 1 ( «rr# 

irt? ^t? ) I 

Dog-tooth n. I 

Doings ( ) n. ( pi.) things done, behaviour 

Dolce ( ) adj. sweet f^r^l •t^tl ; a 

sweet-toned stop in an organ 
vuUi c»t*r*T Ftfsf I 

Dole ( ) n. a charitable offer of food etc. 

ft*? ; a small portion ^1*1 ; relief 

given by Government to the unemployed 
fstrti 6#tCf f‘^?n ff I — 0 . i. to distri- 

bute relief in small portions ^t^f 
lif tt Cf I 

Dole ( ®'f[ ) n. pain, grief qF»l, C^Wlf I 

Doleful adj. melancholy ffast, I Dole- 

some adj. dismal I, 

Doldrums ^ ) n. (pi. ) parts of the 

o:ean near the equator 
'eSff ; low spirits I 

Dolichocephalic ( ) a^ff. skulls of 

which the breadth is less than fourfifths 
of the length ff at 

fsf i (opp. Brachy- 


Doll ( ®f[') ft. a puppet ; a toy-baby. 

Dollar ( ) n. a silver coin of the United 

States of America, worth about 7s. UTftf 
q*oo ?Tft3? Cf "Tf 5n | —Area 

6»p c^"i I 

Dolly ( ) V. t. to wash clothes in a tub 

^rc*ttf fS ; to hammer red hot iron c»n 
^*f I — n. a complementary offering 
of sweets etc. on a tray ff HI f »1- 


Dolman ( ) o. a robe with slight 

sleeves cf f Cf f1 ' 

Dolmen { n. a structure of unhewn 

stones 3rff 4 ff43 3rf4»rTr*^^ C*TT^1 r»rs| I 

Dolour ( ) n. grief, pain 

' Dolorific adj\ causing pain or 

grief Cfft4 »!f1 » Dolorous o^’. 

painful 5;f > 

Dolphjn ( ) n. a kind of sea fish aff H 

sftf fif \ 

Dolt ( ) n. a stupid fellow C^1 

C»Ttf « Doltish adj. i 

Domain ( ) n. tenitory, an estate 

ft*!. ; range of knowledge WRf 


Dome ( ) n. an arched roof or cupola Hf f, 

n^f4a ^n, f ’f i 

Domestic ( ) adj. belonging to the 

house fs^Sf 51 ; tame 9\ 
private. — n. a household seinrant ( pi. ) 
home-made articles Cfl^l 

I Domestic economy 5*8 
fftsf I Domesticate v. t. to make 
domestic, to tame ; 

ff CfT?[1 ' 

Domicile ( 5t3f[ ) n. a house, a fixed 
residence l — v. t. to establish 

a fixed residence f f1 i 

Domiciled adj. firf Cf«»^ f ; 

Domiciliary adj. pertaining to the domicile 
ff fffTtl ? 

Dominant ( ) adj. prevailing afff, 


t 224 ] 


; ruling ; the inherited 

characteristics of hybrids from one of the 
parents «•! i 

Dominate ( ) v. /.to govern, to rule 

over i — v. i. to prevail 

over ^ I Domination n. absolute 

authority "TT^TSf, ayj I 

Domineer ( ) v. /. to rule with 

insolence ^1% 

?n:*rni I Domineering over-bearing 

Dominical ( ) adj. belonging to the 

Lord 1 Dominical letter— one 

of the first seven letters of the English 

Dominicans ( ) n. ( pi. ) an order of 


Dominie ( ) «. a tutor i 

Dominion ( ) n. sovereign authority, 
lordship ; the persons 

governed ^fitf ^ C*f»r ^tWT, *1^91 9t«J I 
Dominion status =^nf^C9’*i ■it^^tant’^l i 
Domino ( ) n. a long cloak into a hood 

worn by a priest ^*•11 

Don ( ^5;[ ) ^ to put on, to assume f^ni, 

af9«rf*t 9*9 I — n. a Spanish title corres- 
ponding to Sir 99t*r9 I Fem. 


Donation ( ) «. act of giving, a gift 

irt9, ^5l I Donative n. a gz*atuity *rl9 ; 
adj. vested by donation 9t999icn C^t91, 
?t9 9*91 I Donor ( ) n. one who 
makes a gift *rt9 r*f4tn; 91^1 i Donate ( ) 
V. t. to make a gift 9t9 9*9 I 
Done ( ®t9 ) pa. p. of the verb Do. Done-up 
or Done out=j i*T9t, 9F9 i 
Dtmee ( ^f9 ) n. receiver of a gift tfl*! 
9|4«1 I 

Donjon ( ) n. a strong central tower in 
a castle I 

Donkey ( ) n. the ass irt9 i Donkey 
engine^Wt9tWt5 irr»T-9^ C^t»n-n9l 9*91 >1^ 

Ifir^ I 

Do-nothing n. an idle person 9f9-C9t9l C«Tt9*, 
f9f«<ft1 I 

Don’t ( ) for “do not*’ — C9, ( C9C9 don’t 
know=C9Wtr91 ) I 

Doom ( judgment, fate, destiny, 
luin c*I9 r95t9, 9*n, ; condem- 
nation I — V. /. to sentence, 

to condemn c*f, C9 i Doomed 

adj. under sentence I Crack of 

doom = the signal for the final destruc- 
tion of all things «i»iii9 f59 I Dooms- 
day n. the day of final judgment 
9*;»!, C»f9 f96t^9 f*r9 1 Doomsday- book => 
t*v»l>09 9W1 ^lf^999 f«r9t5 9Tf?9 f95tn 
9Ct • 

Door ( '5’9 ) n. entrance into a house or room 
'I}9t959 ; a framework for the entrance 
into a house ^919 ; a means of approach 
'0i:»rt91 C9TC9191 9T& I Door keeper b. pfl9*l i 
Death’s door = on the point of death 
«t9 9C9 9C9 I Next door to=near to 
'6!f999l9l, «Wl-'e5f9, ; very nearly 

at 9 I Out-door work=9tft9l 
9*19 1 Show to the door**9i»f9t9 9sf9 
c<nfil c*r I 

Dorian, Doric adj. belonging to Doris in Greece 

Dormancy ( ) n. quiescence wi9 «WTl. 

'5l9»r «I991, ^f9iT®1, 9>rt»l*t»l I Dormant adj. 
sleeping, at rest, in sleeping posture 
99*1 «19"r, ^fSy 99*1 ; not used 9fil9t9 


Dormer windqw n. a vertical window Fl99 'e9C9 

n9Tf9t9* f99l f9r^9rt I 

Dormitive ( ) adj. causing sleep (of 
medicine) c&T9f9 91C9t?1 ( 999 ) I 


L 225 J 


Dormitory ( ) n. a large sleeping 
room *[^1 C^l l 

Dormouse ( ) «. a small rodent ani- 

iini i 

Dorsal ( ) adj. belonging to the back 

Dose ( ) n. a quantity of medicine to 

be taken at a time ; a portion 

I ~ -v. t. to give in doses ♦ttf% 

5T5=r 1 

Dossier ( ) n. a set of documents 

'aft’T I 

Dost ( second person singular num- 

])cr of ific verb Do. 

Dot ( ) n. any small mark 

f5i^ I — V. t. to mark with dots C*t I 
Dotted adj. > Dot and 

carry - c?it^ C^tW^ 

Dotage ( v5'C&^ ) a. childislincss of old age, 
excessive fondness 

'Q*!, • 

Dotal ( ) adj. pertaining to dowry 

Dote ( ) c . i. to be weakly affectionate 
m ; ^tanf*t5js i 

Dotterel ( ) n. a kind of plover 

C^^Wte^T ; a fool I 

Double ( t5t^ ) adj. two fold f9««l ^1 

C'ftCSt^l, I twice as much fttl*!, 

^'Stsf ; an actor’s substitute ; 

a trick i — t. to multiply by two 

§«•! ; to fold, to repeat ^'StW 

1 — r. i. to be twice ^ ; to pass 

round ^ I Double deal- 

ing^^ duplicity • 

Double- edged «rl^ i Double- 

faced hypocritical l 

Double-hearted —treacherous C^i?- 

I Double-locked ^9\^ »|srt? 

1 Double-minded 5- wavering 5W \ 

Double-tongued -ideceitful C*rt®t5- 


Doublet ( ) n. a close-fitting garment 

for the upper part of man’s body ; 

C5t»rl I Duplicate ; one of 

a pair ^t®T^ i 

Doubling ) n. the act of making double 

^51'^ ; a turning back in 

; a trick i 

Double entendre ( ) n. a pair 

C^t^, ; an inner grament CWSTt^ 

^'Sf ; same vcords with different 
spelling or meaning 

Doubt ( t5t^^ ) n. suspicion, fear, distrust 
i --v. i. \o be un- 
certain, to suspect, to hesitate 'K[1*fyi 


Doubtful ( ) adj. uncertain, not 

clear ; suspicious C^t^- 

I Doubtfulness n. 5? i 

Doubtless ( ) adj. certainly, Avith- 

out doubt I 

Doubtlessly adv. 

Douceur ( ) n. a present or a biibc to 

please I 

Douche ( ) n. a jet of water thrown 

upon the body from a pipe 
5Tt^ ^5e?1 *lt^ ; an apparatus for 

throwing water 
♦Pti I 

Dough ( t5^ ) n. a mass of flour moistened and 
kneaded ♦Tt^ wttsrl, 

I Doughy ( t5'^ ) adj. like dough, 
soft I 

Doughty ( ) adj. valiant, strong, able 

Dour ( ) iidj. obstinate CW^ ; 

grim ; severe ' 

Douse or Dowse ( ) v. t. or v. i. to 



[ 226 3 


plunge into water CWtCTt^l 

^ I 

Dove ( ) n. a pigeon ^*13 ; a word 

of endearment vfiJi :rtT? i Dove- 
cot =^T? >T'5r'|, I Dove eyed= 

nt4 I Dove-like = innocent »rt«, 

<8rtf% I To flutter the dove cots= 

I Dove- 
tail i;. t, to fit one thing into another 

CWt^l ^rw ; ^tw cwt^1 I 

Dowager ( tgtr^Wt^ ) n. a widow with a 

dower 1>T?rl I Dowager queen 

=^tW5rtN8, \ 

Dowdy (t5l^^) n. an untidy and ill-dresscd 
woman I 

— adj. untidy, badly dressed 

Dowel ( t 5 U?e^ ) ;z. a wooden or iron pin C^Tl 

^1 "It?!, ( 

■51^1 ) I — V. t. to fasten boards together by 
means of dowels ^^9\ sit^, ^ll^r ! 

Dower ( ) n. part of husband’s pro- 
perty enjoyed by his widow «R, ; 


Down ( t5t 6^ ) «. the soft feathers of fowls 
«rt^, ; hairy 

covering of the seeds of certain plants 

'tSi ; {pi.) a tract of hilly treeless land 

m ht ; a 

sand bank on the sea side 
^^151 ^1 t?§ I 

Down ( ) adv. below the horizon on 

the ground, in a low state, from a higher 
to a lower position 

I —pi. along a descent 

\ To come down=«^t»l ^tf*r 
«rf? I To cut down^’Ptl^ CW i To 
knock down=?n? i To kneel 

down=’BrtJj n? I Down-cast adj. 

dejected i Down-come 

n. a fall, ruin ; a heavy fall 

of rain • Down-fall n. 

fall, ruin i Down hill 

adj. sloping t 

Down pour n. a heavy pout of rain 
I Down right 

adv. utterly » — adj. 

plain spoken, utter C^ftsT^, 

( as Downright madness — 
<Tf^r5llfs? ) I Donnstairs adv. to a 

lower story i 

Down stream adv. with the current 

s?rsir^ TPtr^r I Down 
train, Dotvn steamer=^t^ C^®T 

7(1 I Down-trodden adj. trampled 

on C^?1 ' Downward, 

Down-wards adj. from higher to lower 
tjsT 5Fi8it«T, Tpr^it^, \ 

Down with your money = pay in C?, 

N cw I Down with him=sit^5rif4, *lR> 

C*l»l1 I Down on one’s luck — l^f^Ji^ *1^ i 

Dowry ( ^t^Ct ) a property given to a woman 
at marriage and brought to her husband 

Doxology ( ) w. a hymn expressing 
praise of God C^f3(, ^f%STt^, t 

Doxy ( ) a w'oman of loose character 

C^’SIl jft, I 

Doze ( C®T«r ) V. i. to slumber, to be half 
asleep ^V(?rrtjTI1, K'< I —n. a 

short light sleep t Dozing n. 

( Dozy adj. drowsy | 

To doze away - to spend in drowzincss 
cilrnPtflt? ^tvt 5pi5i ( 

Dozen ( ®ws[ ) n. twelve things 

I — adj. twelve 7(t^i5l i Baker's Dozen 
= thirteen \ 

Drab ( CS'^ ) n. a whore, a slut C^^1, 5(11)^ ; 
a gary or dull brown colour ; a 

thick gray woollen cloth ♦i"f^ 

^Tr^TR I 

Dribble ( ) v. t, to besmear with dum 


f 227 ] 

and water 

Drachm ( ) see Dram 

Drachma ( ) «. a Greek coin 

■^1 I 

Draconion ( ) adj. severe, as the 
laws of Draco C^»f^ 

C^4S3r Xfm ) I 

Draff ( ) n. dregs i 

Draft ( ) n. a rough sketch 

•r?ri ; an order for money, a bill 
of exchange f 'Ol‘, 15 ftlS ; a detachment 
of army ; the depth to which 

a vessel sinks in water ^rf'G ♦11^'® 

UnU I —V. t. to draw out- 
line of ^3|. C^l5tC3rtf5t^ C»l<( ; 

to detach for special duty ♦ffttll, 

^ I Draft horse ( as opposed to Saddle 
horse )~a horse for plough or carrying 
loads ) cA\wit c^w i 

Draftsman «. c^rn ^ still 

t Drafts or Draughts n. ( pi . ) 

C«f«T \ 

Drag ( ) V. t. to draw by force, to pull 

violently CPtCPtll^ 

«rt5r I — V. i. to move slowly J5f< Tl 
in ; — n. a net for dragging along C^C^l5l 
Wl»T ; any obstacle to retard progress 
; a long open carriage *nf® 

istri irffl *(11 ^^»( I Dragchain=a 
strong chain to connect railway carriages 
>Cs»(t 15^1 I To 

drag ln»rs®?t*( CFfcstit^ «i1?( i 

Draggle ( c^n»I ) v. t. or v. i. to soil by dragg- 
ing along ?rtl5c® C»l15«tt » 

Dragoman ( ) n. an interpreter in 

Eiistem countries 

^Wtdfl I {pi.) Dragomans. 

Dragon ( Cljnsr ) n. a fabulous winged serpent 
nrlx iiarj Tin I Dragonfly n. an 

insect with long body and brilliant col- 
ours ‘afii ^a^Ki ^5, f^*i 


C*rf^ I Dragonise v. t. to watch like a 
dragon Tftni ^Cl Pit I 

Dragonnade ( ) n. devastation by 

soldiers 1^1*1, (7(5(11 ^®]t5t1 I 

Dragoon ( ) n. a horse soldier ^HtCltft 

; a rough and fierce person (5’5l, 
©flat'sri t — V. t. to give up to be 
oppressed by soldiers 
«af< Of I 

Drain ( C^t^f ) v. t. to draw off gradually, to 
clear of water, to exhaust «r(f^ *(t^ 
Citll, 15^ ; to make dry W^- 

W^lTII 1^1, 15^ I —V. i. to flow off N 11 I 

— a water course *(t^ CX1T1 

=(^11, ^511 I Drainage n. a drawing 
off l^l*! ; system of drains «ltn T1 

5(9(1 *(5(1 I Drainer n. an 

utensil on which articles arc placed to 
drain *f1lRl 1C1 nl^ *(t3l I 

Drake ( ) n. the male of the duck ITl 


Dram ( C^’1 ) n. also Drachm "ife 

(SHi 'a®t*(, caft*( ; iiii 

'5(1^111 ^ ; a draught of raw spirit »(*f 

^s^zm^^ I 

Drama ( ^^(1 ) n. a story of human actions 
intended to be represented on the stage, 
a stage play 5(15, 5^t5is i 

Dramatic, — al ( ) adj. pertaining 

to the drama 5T(5 m^'9, C?^111 

\ Dramatical performance =®t55(1 i 

Dramatise ( C^:5(5t?w; ) v. t. to compose in 
the form of a play 5(t5-Pt»T 41, 5(15 

C»l*r I 

Dramatist ( ) n. a writer of plays 

®i(B5(t?r 5r(5it cKC^(®i \ 

Dramatispersonae ( Gfl>r!55-nil^ ) n. ®tr(Vn, 

Dramaturgy ( ) ^t5nta(1 « 

Drank pa. t. of Drink 

Drape ( C5*(7 ) v. l. to cover with cloth 
vr:mrin i —n. mjn, v i^r^i » 


[ 228 ] 


Draper ( ) n. a dcaici in ..loth 


Drapery ( ) n. cloth goods, hangings 

of any kind ^istcnt^ 

; occupation of a draper 

Drastic ( ) adj. powerful, vigorous 

C5t^1, \ - ~n. a medicine that 

purges quickly 
RSi1?f1 I 

Draught ( ^ fi. act of drawing, ihc 

act of drinking C"11^1 ; the quantity 

drunk at once c^t^1 ( *lt^ ) ; 

that which is taken in a net by drawing 
ilie net at a time irt^^ 

C^re^ ) ; a current of air 3J1, ; 

; the depth of water replaced 
by a ship 5It« 

; a sketch of a picture 5t5l1 ; 

a detachment of soldiers for military 

service i 

Draught-engine =^5»I1 &5T1 

5^51 I Draught-net--^ drag net §?T1 
!g?l9T I Dra«iglits ( /;/. ; n. C«l^, 

CT«1 I Draught-board = '3ft;5^5P I7f9f i 

Draughts-jnen- i Draughts- 
m3n==^^1 I ( see Draft }. 

Dravidlan ( ) n. the non-Aryan 

people of '.culhern India ^|%»i 


Draw ( 5 ) V. t. to pull along ; 

to attract •■p? ; to extract ^pi?, 

; to allure ®T ; to finish 

without win or loss 

c»r^ I ( p. t. Drew, pa. p. 
Drawn) To draw a bow i To 

draw pay <t1 ; To draw money from 

a bank-^:?y-^ ^[^1 i To draw a 

line 51t< I To draw a picture 

I To draw an inference ^ 

I To draw water from a well=^ 
I Draw a 


c*r I Draw blank C5^1 

Draw back = to withdraw i 

Drawcuts=to cast, lots I 

Draw aside — iltFf^?r1 ^1 ? i Draw 

in — to contract 5lnf-’«rl, i Draw it 

fine- $ I 
Draw it niild-c^t^l l 

Draw near to approach '65^1 i Draw 
off lo take out of a barrel "*1^1 

«T, to refirc 3t1, ^ I 

Draw on=^^( ) ; 

^ I Draw on one’s memory^ 
to try to rciucmber i Draw out 

( ewr*^ ) I Draw over-- 
$ 1 Draw rein 

-stop ^>11 I Draw the line - lo fix a 
limit Draw up=--to 

arrange as troops 

; to compose C9i«f, ; to stop 

as a carriage ^1«I, l 
Draw'back ( ) n. a disadvantage 

; dn^y rcrnii<ed on 

goods I 

Draw-bridge ( ) «. a iiridge that can 
be drawn up or aside Ptfv 
^^1 ?9T* I 

Drawee { ) n. a person on wlioni a bill 

is drawn ^1^ n^1 ^?r i 

Drawer ( '5-'5lt^ ) n. one that draws 
^rfblit33l ; one who draws a bill of cx- 
rl.angc I5'Q*1 ; a sliding 

box in a case i Drawers 

{ pi. ) •sftC'S »ilf^ *1^1 C^-Sl I 
Drawing (^^s) n. a picture, a sketch 

I Drawing-room «. a room for 

iweiving persons 
b'^'i I 

Drawl ( ) V. I. or v. i. lo speak in an 

affected and Icngilicned tone C^e «!f5i ^«f1 
^ I -n. lengtliened utter- 

ance eJ'^e I 


[ 229 ] 


Drawn ( ' 5^7 ) pa. p. of Draw oHj. undecided 

( as a Prawn game or battle • 

^vtw Tisitit I At daggers 

drawn - --hostile 


Draw-well f ) n. a d(“cp well from 

which water is drawn by ropes and 
l)U(’k<'t.s sft'f I 

Dray ( ) n. Sli-oug low carl ‘^fb‘'63! 


Dread ( i fear, awe- '5Ji»T?Pl i -v /• 
to tcganl wilhtcjror or reverence C'»*tb“ 

1 Dreadful aij. fearful, terrible 
I Dreadless -free from 
dread ^t?^, ^5? C^l7:?t?1, t 

Dread-nought ( ) .'c who dreads 

nothing C'^t^ ; the name of stiong 

warships ; a garment of thick 

cloth c^sn I 

Dream ( ) u. thought-s and fancies in 

deep, a vision i —r. /• 

or i. I. to lanry something in sleep, lo 
think idly \ 

[pa. (. and pn. p. dreamed or dreamt ) . 

l>ieaj:»y ' f^fsT ) adj. bill of dre.anis. visionary 

Dreary f ) adj. cheerless, gloomy 

f^3rt-H*Tt-, I Drearisomc 

udj. desolate, forlorn i 

■n. Dreariness. 

Dredge (c^Sf;)«. a drag-net 4jr<«t 

; a aiacblnc for deepening 
a harbour by taking ujj mud 

<f.5T I 

Dredgvr } ?i. a Hoating machine for 

tlcepcning a river or channel t59l^ 

«{1f^ *r -t-tft I Dredge t-. t. 

to g, idler or deepen with a dredge 

cvia, *r ; to 

sprinkle Hour on meat 

rl5?1 I Dredging-box 

ctsti ad 1 

Dregs r f /;/. '; dross, lees, refuse 

erw, Wi, «i<n, 


Drench ( ) v. t. to wet thoroughly 

I — n. a- draught, a dose 
of physic for a beast \ 

Dress ( ) v. t. to clothe ’ItW 

; to prepare ^ST ; to 

<-ook fwl ; to trim 

; to deck ; to cleanse 
a sore ^ C*t1, ^^1 ; to manure >rtat CW ; 

to ■})ut in oiflcr, as trooyis 
si^1, 1 r. i. to put on c lothes 

?1 ^Isr r^l^1 I n. c lothes worn 
>Ttw, 0*^1 I Dress-circle ti. 

the first gallery in a theatre 

C’flbtiis fW ^51 

I Dress-coat ti. a fine black 
coat wo.n when in full drc'ss 
C'«rt211 rf^get 1 


gstc^tat i Pressing 
n. clothes C^tblgs ; manure gi\en to land 
; the bandage etc-, applied to a sore 
gi -Tote’ll ; matter 

applied to clodi to make it stift’ and 
glossy C«|1131 ?1 ^1^ i 

Dressing n. scolding or thrashing (witli 
doicn ': apa;«i i Give him a 

good dressing down ^t^ 

I Dresser n. one wlio dresses i^lsr 
®1<3y^^a^lai c*tC<fb ; a kite heir 
table it.^1 c^jia? i Dress- 

ing case ri. a c ase of roilci rcquisiics 

I Dressing-gown 7t. a loose garment 
’ll \t f^WU g-.^l 

‘T^g»T I Dressing-room ti. 

C^i^1 I Morning Dress, Evening - , Nighl 
Full—, Courl 
>1t«fg 1 

Drew ( « ) pa. f. of Draw. 


I ^30 J 


Drey ( Tt? i 

Dribble ( v, i. to fall in d.ops 

; to slaver as a child CV|»I1, 

; to move the foot-ball little 
by little aiTC? 


Driblet or Dribblet ( ) n. a small drop 

^ 1 «rntq cf>tni \ 

Drier ( ) n. that which dries C^t^T 

?ri 5J52T I 

Drift ( ) n. a driving C^»l1 ; a heap of 
mattei driven as snow <8151 

C^t5? 31^ ( ), 

^151 w*tw ; a slow current in 

the sea >rt^lt9 C^tts ; the direction 

in which a thing is driven f4 c^tT^I 
; meaning of words used, the 
object aimed at <51^, 8ir«5ltir • 

— V. t. or V. i. to drive into heaps ; to be 
floated along Hi, ^$1^ C^, 

H 1 1 Drift-net = vn tvT 1 Drift-wood = 
^(5 ^51 I Drift way=^3P-Ht^ 1 

Drill ( ) V. t. to bore ; to pierce fn^il 

^^1 ; to train soldiers or pupils 

Tl HI r*T^l CH ; to sow seeds 

W"*! *nt^N »f51 I 

Drill ( ) an instrument for boring 
metal, stone etc. C^1H H^’® fHtSi 

Th^I ; a ridge with grow- 
ing plants on it «n>T, "TT^ CHtHi 

C®fl? ; a machine for sowing 
seeds tlH Hf'n ; military exercise 

I Drill-master =*^TI1W fn^4®1 1 

Drill-sergeant *= a military officer who 

drills soldiers ^WW f-rcHrlil fw, 

CH^r H5H I Drilling or Drill =■ a stout cotton 
cloth HsnTfr f'S^ I 

Drink ( fi?3r ) p. t. ( p. t. drank ; pa. p. 
drank ) to swallow as a liquid fW, 

HOT, cf »• to take liquor ^ • 

—.1. something to be drunk nt4*H1 Htl, 
; intoxicating liquor t 

Drinker » a tippler 1 Drinking boat=- 

vvf • Drinking p. 

n. HiiritH, sr«r ChTHI i Drink in=to absorb 
(rain etc.) C»Tt 9 , c*T1H«i i Drink off = to 
quaff at a gulf Hi 1 Drink up=* 

Ht? ^«1 I Drink to the health of=H9f9T 
HifH HSH, hTh H1 I 

Drink the others under the table CHt^l 
CHTfltC®1 fnew ffCHCH 
( sec Drunk below ). 

Drip ( ) I', t- or v. i. to fall in drops 

♦tH, fnqH I Dripping = that which falls in 
drops ct>Tni, 

♦tisft I Drip n. falling in d;ops 
nni ; the edge of a roof HHH 1 

Drive ( ) V. t. ( p. L Drove ; pa. p. 

Driven ) to force along CH"?! ; to guide 
as cattle ; to force ( as a nail ) 

^H1 ; to compel H1H] CWtH ; 
to send away with force as a ball 
H1 'SlH't^llf ^feni ( Cl?l*f ), 

HtfH *lfe9l ; to carry in a carriage 
CH ; to urge as a point of argument 
\ — V. i. to go in a carriage Hit?! 
H1 I — n. an excursion in a carriage 
3H-I, Hl^l ChWhI ; a road for driving 
Ht^.; the chasing of game 
CHHl ; pressure cIlSl \ Drive a 
bargaui=?H HSHtnt®! C^J^h-cwh i Drive 
a trade fH3?t C5^1 HtH, CH*rtH 
^1 I Drive at=to aim at vpVT » 

Drive away«CHTll^ CH » Drive back=^ut*l 
cJvf 1 Drive at one's wit’s end = to perplex 
feCHte HSH, I 

Driver (®Tf®TH) n. one who drives or that 
which drives 5Vlt4®1, ctcvi*1Tl, CH<rt4®1, 
sfimits? i 

Drivel ( rfC®v[ ) «>• *• to 

CVT»11 ; to speak like an idiot cvtH^ceiHl 1 
— slaver DriveUer n. 

a idiot, fool cm^ I 


C 231 ] 


Drizzle ( ) d. f. to rain in small drops 

I — n. a 

small light rain 

I Drizzily, Drizzling adj. 

Droll ( ^ ) adj. odd, amusing, laughalile 
Itr? I — w. a jester 

?1 I —V. i. to 

jest ^ Itf? C^19! I Drollery n. 

ii5i I 

Dromedary ( ) n. a camel with one 
hump x&i <V^1 I 

Drone ( §’*T ) «• the male of the honcy-bce 
ai^1 ; a lazy fellow 

I —V. L to make a humming 
sound <3'f' "T^ I 

Droop ( ) V. i. to h i rig down ’J? 

; to grow weak ? I 
Drooping Jk n. 'W^-Td. i 
Drop ( ) n. a small pivticle of liquid 

; nnyihlng hanging like 

a d.-op 

; pnn of a gallows 

vecaitlttltfll ; a fall I Dropnef 

I Drop-scene 

Drop ( ) V. i. ip. t. and pa. p. Dropped ) 

to fall in d'O'ps C^in;t^ ; to fall 

suddenly ; to fall lower 

I — V. t. to let fall 71^1, C§t*t1- 
C'»TC*t C*t9t1 ; to let go, to set aside vnf^ C’l’lh 
^11^T ; to write and send a 

note I Let the matter drop=c^^ 

^fifS Of • Please drop a Hue 

to the Commissioner 

I Drop away or 

off ^ to depart it? ^1, 5 » Drop 

down=tgf5zl? I Drop in 

=to come in unexpectedly ^it^ t 

Drop out-- to disappear illctS f. 

Dropsy ( ) «. a collection of water in 

the body C*tt?, t Dropsical adj. 

affected with dropsy c*rf«np'!rf?1, TS^tH, 
C*lt5C^1^ • 

Dross [ ) n. a scum of metals, refuse, 

worthless matter *t1^ 

®tiT 1 Drossy adj. worthless 

Drought ( ) a. dryness waul of rain 

•R, I Droughty adj. very dry 

I ~n. Drought!- 


Drove ( tj’®- ) pa. t. of Drive. -*«. a number 
of cattle driven nfat, i 

Drover ( ) n. a cattle driver 

flittat t 

Drowse ( §T^'9?“ ) a. i. to be heavy with sleep 
t5-<t5 «n»IWT9f I 

Drowsy adj. sleepy, heavy with sleep 

t Drowsiness n. 

sleepiness i 

Drub ( ) V. t. to beat ?lt^, I 

Drubbing n. a beating f’iSJT, l 

Drudge ( ’5?I'S5F; ) y. i. to labour hard esr^t^Tt 
•n^, fm I — n. a slave 


Drudgery ( WttsSrfst ) n. hard and mean labour 
^tsr, I 

Drug ( '5t^ ) n. any substance used in medi- 

I Intoxicating drug-~^1^^ i 

Druggist ( ) n. one who deals in drugs 

'^39 «! c«i:§T^1 I 

Druid ( ) n. an ancient Celtic priest 

C*l\<lTl«I?P C?'^ *t*tnTW51K I 
Druidism=^?« H't^-nTsTl t 

Drum ( ^fsT ) n. a musical instrument 

Ci>r«T, »f^1, ; the middle portion of 

the car <^1*1^1 I — v. i. 

to beat a drum c^l^i i — y. t. to drum 
out, to summon CW, 

CTJfsi I Drummer n. one 

who beats a drum i Drum stick=> 


( 232 J 


Sf1f^ I Kettle-drum « 

Drum-major or Serseant-drummer^^^^f^^ 

Drunk ( ) a4j. ( pa. p. of the verb Drink ' 

intoxicated '^t’TlT'tsT > 

Drunkard ( ) «. a habitual drinker 

Drunken ( ) ai(/. given to excessive 

drinking NT^trT»T t Drunkenness w. 

excessive drinking 


Dnip ( ) n. a fleshy fruit with a stone 

inside »rt? '5tt^ ^^1 5qr»l, ifvf i 

Dry ( ) a'//, free from moisture Tl^s?, 

C^l-C5pkl, ; 

not giving milk ; uninteres- 
ting c^r^frtn, i {Coiioq.) 

thirsty rjin ; teetotal 

; tnr, i Dry coughs 

I ( up ) V. t. or V. i. to free 
from water TJ?P1, i 

( pr. p. Drying ; pa. p. Dried ). Dryness n. 

^5^1 ; draught I Dry- 

goods=drapery 515TJ'*Tl5r ?5tf^ i 

Dry-light i Drye- measure — 
c«rr«r, «n^ cwt«f i Dry- 

nurse=t%«F^ <rt^ i Dry-plate 

«t1^l c«it3l spc^tuttp^r 

I Dry-rot = a decay of timber caused 
by fungi i Dry-shod adj. 

without wetting the feet iit? 

I Dry-salter^ a dealer in drugs, dye- 
stuffs etc. 'Qlst^T C^cSt^l I 

Dual ( ) adj. consisting of two ^<2, 

1 Dual monarchy TlWi^r 

-irtwi I 

Dual-school =:= 91^1 ’crt^ i 

Dualism n. the philosophical doctrine of 
two distinct principles of spirit and 
matter ^gsrt^l 

?r^l4 W I 

Dub ( 'St^r ) V. l. to confer knighthood 

C^'f ; to smooth with an adze 

=^4 1 

Dubious ( ) adj. doiihiful, uncertain 

F5t^*5!I >IC’tT?'5Fvtip | DubioufinCtK 

n. doubtfulness CWt*1t^- 

c^»rf^ I 

Ducai ( ) adj pertaining to a duke 

4T^gsgt4 I 

Ducat ( ) n. an old gold coin 

5»11 v<lf44 ^^1 I 

Duce (. ^-ce ) n. chief of the Fascist Italy 

Duchy ( ) n. a dukedom 4tW^^T44 

5R*f«T I 

Duchess { ®fC5 b; ; n. tlic wife of .i clukr ^f^ 7 - 
^Slt44 nft, I 

Duck (' ; u. a watcr-fow! mfs It5, 

I mule is called Drake ,. Dnckloggetl — 
sport-legged cii OPC*'i4ii i Bombay- 

duck=a small fish dr ic;d and salted 

I To play ducks and drakes to 
use recklessly, to wa.sle '51^41? 45 4, 
^41^41^45 414914 4-4 ; 04*4 | 

i Cricket ) Break one’s duck 4si 
asj5}4t4 5113 451441 I 

Duck ( J V. /. to diji in wMtci lor a tinier 
34^45 4 I r. i. lo lo3V( r 

the head qui« kly 44, ^4 ^t»t4l ; to 

cringe ^4 cA14I ; to dive ^4 414 I Duck- 

weed— I Duckling 7/ a young cluck 

Ductile ' ) adj. easily led, fiexiblr 

C9i^c4?n, c»T'jr4^, C4?f^:4 c^t^fiic^t 

C4t4l I Ductility V. qtialhy t.l licing 
easily extended i 

Duddery ( ®tC®4^ ) n. a shop where old clodics 
arc sold ^441 45^^14 C45;1 C‘ft'Td4, 4>&rf5&l 
4StC*rt4 I Duddy a lj. ragged Tjs&trs^l I 
Duds Ji. laticrs 45&l45tf4 i 

Dude ( - /I. [ \lamf I our imuatiug 

the English dress and luanners ; dandy, 

Dudgeon [ 233 ] Dummy 

swell ci'S «t6 

C*lt^ I 

Dudgeon ( ) n. ill-will, grudge 

'eittJTnP' ; a small dagger I 

Due ( ) adj. owed, to be paid or done to 
another ♦it'esti, fiTt^tT ; proper 

'6?rtfw^,, ; appointed to be ready or 

to arrive »fTl, « He is due 

at Bombay on the 13th .»« 

I — adv. exactly ft^P i Due 
north=fe^ ^^31 ^tC9l I — M. a debt, that 
which is due, claim *(1^1, ^*1, 

I Give the devil his due— to give 
fair hearing to a notorious character 
al% I 

Duel ( ) n. a combat between two per- 

sons 51t®l I — V. i. to figlit in a duel 
5WCSI »ltM I Duelling, Duellist n. 

aitifST, 5lT»l I 

Duenna ( ) n. an old lady who act.s as a 

guardian to a younger 3?t 

Duff ( ) n. decaying vegetable matter ^51 

; coal dust l —v. t. to 

manipulate an at tide to look like new 

^3|«T1 I To duff 

cattle^^g I Duffer w. 

a peddler of sham jewellery 
C^cSt^l » 

Dug ( t5liT ) n. the nipple of a eow Vftl5 

I ( Dug pa. t. and pa. p. of 
Dig ). Dug-out n. a boat made by hollowing 
out the trunk of a tree 
STt'S I 

Diikc ( ) n. Oiie of the lilghest order ol 

nobility next to prijice, a sovereign prince 

>l«t^ C»Tt^ I Dukedom 
«. estate of a duke C*ll5iy^ 

Dulcet ( ®T91csi| ) adj. sweet to the taste, 
melodious '<1 

Dulcify ( ) V. L to make sweet C^TUt^f- 

^ Tl fPlil I 

Dulcimer ( ) n. a musical instrument 

in a box like frame played on with sticks 
>1^ I 

Dulcinca ( ) «. a sweet-heart 

caf^^i I 

Dull ( ) adj. insensible, slow of hearing 

or of understanding etc. ; blunt 
C^t^n, C^^1, ; sleepy 

m9\K, ; cloudy, 

dim, obscure 

^>1^1; not bright or clear C^U^Tt^l, 
sad, cheerless l ~v. t. to 

make dull, to blunt C^1&1 ; 

to cloud I ~v. i. 

to become dull C'Stlll ^ i Dullness n. the 
state of being blunt or dull C^t^l 

Dullard ( ) n. a stupid person, a dunce 

C'S^I ci^JTfv I Dullbrowcd adj. 

having a gloomy look Dull- 

sighted adj. I Dull- 

witted adj. C^T^I I 

Duly ( ) adv. fitly, properly, at the 

piopcr limes 

Dumb ( ®t5r ) adj. mute, without the power 
of speech, silent C^t?l1 l 

To strike dumb^ 91^1 i Dumb-bells 

«. double headed weights used for exer- 
cise c®w i5l9|i^l 

^^1 C^rl^ I Diimb-show— pantomine 

5s » Dumbness w. muteness 
C^t^1 ^311, C^Tl<i1^l "513^11 I Duiii- 

founder /. to aslonish 
<p<i, c^t«l1 1 

Dummy ( ®lf^ ) adj. a dumb person C<t^1 ; 
a mere tool of anollier 

C»l1?P ; 

; a package in a shc»p 


[ 234 J 


Uunips ( ) tf. t. to throw down 

\ — n. a place for rubbish Vt-TS? 

C«ft ?1 C5}? I 

Dumps ( } * 7 . ( pi. ) gloomy slate of 

raind '51?, I Dumpish adj. 

depressed iu sprits • 

Dumpy ^.^j. slioit aud thick 

Dun ( ?.tJT ) adj. of a daik brown colour ^5t1- 
I — v. 1. io demand pay- 
ment with noise i<f 4 

I — 71. a deni md for payment *Jt?^ 

Dunce ( ^STu;;' ) ti. a blocklicad, a stupid person 
C5^1, 15 ^^ I Dunderhead, Dunderpate n. a 

stupid person 1 

Dune ( ) n. a low hill of on the 

sea coast >T'K-<t^ 


Dung ( ) fj. excrement of animals 

r<^1 I — V. t. to manure with dung 
C^TW C»f 1 Dimg-hill=c^l 575 fit *f'' 5 i 1 
Dung beetle C^ft^ ' 

Dungeon ( ) n. a close dark ]u ison 


Dunk V. t. C^i?) i 

Duo'Jfccnnial ( ) adj. occui- 

ling every twelve yea is ?rf^ 
crr?1, I Duodecimal adj 

iwclfih < Duodecimo adj. 

Iiaving twelve IcavTs to a slicet in a book I 

Duolitcral ( fsilfsiC&c^sT ) adj. consisting of 
two letters ’ $ » 

Dupe ( ) n. one easily clicatcd C'5'^1, 

5T?rsf n^n ( — V. i. to deceive 

f C^f I 

Duple Duplex ( ) adj. dou- 
ble, twofold I 

Duplicate ( , adj. double, two 5 J 1 

I --- •/!. anoihci- ihlng of the same ■ 
kind, a copy yi-ls^T, I i 

— V. t. to double I Dupli- 
cation n. doubling ^*1, '^•l, 

C^tr^t^l 1 Send a statement in duplicate— 


Duplicity ( r5^r?tf&!? ) n. a deceit 

^»i I 

Durability ( ) n. durablcness 
Q1, fi??’ I 

Durable ( ) a !j. lasting, Iiauly, 

pcrmancni fwi? C’T|<51, 


Durance ( ) n. iniprisonmonl 

Duration ( ) n. touiinuance in time, 

time during wliich a thing lasts '*t?rr^ri5, 

*11’:?^, ’3Ti?r I 

Durbar ' a rcf cjuion, a lc\’cr wv, <T'!.;, 

5fiJl K-cl ; ih,' 

body of oilivialsat an Indian Clomt 

Duress ( ) u. imjirisonment constraini 

During ( ) ptep. in the course ol', lor 

the lime a thing lasts 7;zr^<! 

'5ltC5t5I fjfJT-'S ) I 

Durst i Isl^' ) pa. t. ol Dare. 

Dusk ( t 5 l^ I n. twilight C^l^lC^Kd, >i?5o! 
C’rfsi'fl. 5?5l5t-15|i --adj. oi a dark 

*o!our I Dusky ndj. daik 

coloured, gloomy £’3)1^, 

5?»!1 t 

Dust ( i5t^ ^ V. particles of dry earth, poivdcr 
*(f^, C^*|, tiftf ; the grave ; 

a low condition i — v. t. to free 

from dust ^fiHi ; : :> sprinkle with 

dust ^r«T t Dusty adj. full of dusts 

I To dust a person\s jacket 
give him a drubbing I To 

bite the dust — to fall, to die sfsj 1 Kick 
up a dust - to make an upioar 

^1-31 9 'T-? I Rise a dust = to create a 
disturbance 1 


[ 235 1 


riuo>v dii^f in a person's e\'>- ' > 

M prr50n Vf'»; i D»s» hSn 


iii^ rubbish. 

DuskT ) one \vl:o remove .s d\ist 

5^1 ; a brush for i cnioviiijT dusi 
OJrbt^fl I Dusty adj. covered with 
dust I 

[)u'ct« ( 51^5“ ) c7i'/t. bclouf^ing to Holland 

or its i^coyilr vr^t} I Talk like a 

Dutch itncle^^^lo rebuke Wiili kindness 

Duly ( ) ;e ^v}i;^ h is due, ia.\ on 

tri'ods '<•'<. 'dj-'-l, ''7d5'5^, ; \v lull one 

is bniuid to do ^.^TI W, 

<;'!>; ( C>.'C« fJi ^V< 'its’* «^tc^ ) ; 

• lue's ])ioj)er luisine.'S *'^f< ; obodicni'e. 

• r'sue.-t 7:1»ityh ; ijiilitary service 

i'-: fa4'>r':'i > Sense of duty - -rT'-t'U- 

:<!»f I Duteous alj. dc'.otcd to duty 

; oljcdicnt I Dutiable 

<:d:. suljjeet \<\ custom duty ^Tl 

b* <)\vt'ir‘;5 ! I Dutiful adj. attentive fo duly, 
re>yK'riliil • Dutiful- 

fiiss /, I 

Di)u.nduate ( ri'S-'5i^-bSC<<i5 ,i n. a lonu of 
lO'jvri'uinrut by two persons in ilir same 
o!'i:c (.-^Tx; sit'SSfT^ 

ih?\ n. the head boy in a r]a>.s or 

S' liool T' ^4:1^ ; 

a leader f 

Dvarf ( ) n. n per-^,oii or ])lant Vk-Iow’ 

the natural size fefr<l 

^tV<n, I -- 1’, i. to 

holder fiom growing -Ki, ’cT^ctl 'f*^, 

*tS"l9i '<>^^1 I Dwarfish, Dwarf adj. like' a 
dwarf, short I 

Dwell ( ) v. t. to live in a plai r ^1>| 

I ipa. /). dwelled or dwell Dwell 
upon=^ ^*1, 1 

Dwelling n. ])Ucc of rcsldenrc. alic^df. 

i..thuatinn ^ ' Dwelhisi:- 

hoj,'**- 51*11 ^r*f I Dwelling place ’■'»* .it | 

Dwindle ) •'■ ’ hi-' <riir to 

grow feeble, to br; r»mr deV: r.eiane 
51>! ?. •*?? ni, 1?:^ -T-Dl f, 

5 ! 

Dye (tBliJ ) v. t. colour, to si ah; i 

{pr. p. Dyc-ing ; pa. p. Diecl ) : — n. < oiour, 
colouring liquid C'^\\^, ^*?*l I Dyc- 

house^ ^'v 4*5! i Dye-wood- *.g 

■<*t^ f ■'T*T> ) . 

Dyer ( ) ti. (,»nc w iiosc' trade is to 

..ohiur clotlias. ih’ e.ids e'c. *T C^f DT1?1 

; Du’s and dyeing 

C^UrlVd *M5I i 

Dyeing l ) n. art of colouring cloths 

^dC^ft^ C^t«l r^tll U^^ I Dye-stiifr--?T’ 
«n'71'tx^:7 ’I'J? f Dye- mordant = -- 

<5f£ t 

Dying ( ) p/\ p. of Die. — adj. mortal, 

cxYtinng l — .’c ^leatti 

I Dying declaration ♦ bx I i 

t ^ *fft , t "f C'd- 1^1 ■'T- t i 

Dyke same a.s Dike. 

Dyiirtmic, — al ( ) 'C/V. rehi'-lug to 

force , 

Dynamics ( / a ihr scirn e h 

treats of the u^uicr aud uiotioa a:.. I e - 
riaUij c .mrl < .Uit' c'yi;<v g: ,; « * 

fg^T^-T. ; Sth; ; 

Dyoamite ( ) n. a ■ rverjai fNi;!*;- 

sive matcri.d ii'T*2; vi'C ; 


Dynasty ( .i. a :.. - -h 

kings of the same thraiiy - ^ 


Dyscrasia ( ) ?/. morbid < orab- 

tion of blood vS: fluids in rhe .‘vstem caus- 
ing dro]v.y, delirimn et('. ; 

Dysentery ( ) n. a disc.o.c* c rusing 

discharge ol" Mood and mucus fiota the 


t 236 ] 


bowels 415^ ^f^. 

>lt< I Dysenteric adj. 

Dyslogistic ( ) adj. opprobrious 

Dysmenorrhiea ( f^^-CSTST ) n. difficult 
menstruation ^t«f^ CW^, 

tK^rfs? I 

Dyspathy ( ) n. dislike, ( opposite of 

Sympathy ) • 

Dyspepsia ( f®5:-C*f*f:fl?1 ) or Dyspepsy n. 
indigestion i 

Dyspeptic,— al adj. i 

Dyspnoea ( f®"Pf:-fsrc? } n. difficulty of breath- 
ing Tt>T«t<fWl, C3Tt9t^ C^?rr^ I 

Dysuria ( ) n. a difficulty of pass- 
ing urine ; 

I also Dysury. 


* The fifth letter of the English alphabet 

Each ( ) adj. every one in a group 
separately i Each other = 

Eager ( ) adj. keenly desirous, ardent 
to do or obtain ?i4r, ^3rf^ i Eagerly adv. 

I Eager- 
ness n. ardent desire ^15It5l, 

Eagle ( ) n. a bird of prey C^T^T 

*r^t5 ; a gold coin of the 

United States worth ten dollars 

an c:t ^^1 I Eagle- 
cyed=kecn sighted, discerning 
I Eaglet ti. a young eagle 
cnt«t®fr I 

Ear ( ) n. a spike of corn *ft*l 

rSK ^1 CWtsrI ^til I Eared adj. 

having ears i 

Ear ( ) n. the organ of hearing ^*1, 

; attention ^TfiTtCtfn i Ear-ache=^T*f5| 
f^<f, I Earbob= earring ; 

I Eardrop=#4*l?n, i 

Eardrum C^Tl*! i 

Ear-hole=^«R i Ear-mark=a distinc- 

tive mark i Earpick= 

^•l I Earring ==: an ornament for 

the ear i Ear-shot=rW5t 

^n I Ear-wax=^W^f^ i 
Earwitness=tsmi i Be all cars=to 
give attention I Give 

ear=to attend ^t*l i To have 

itching car=^f^^t»l i To lend an ear 

= lo listen ^71 1 To set by the 

ears=#tf^^ i To speak in the ear= 
I Tickle the ear = to flatter 
I Turn a deaf car— ^t'e?Pt*l 
to refuse to listen. Walls have ears=C^^^ 

^nc«?\s »it5g[c^ ntn I 

E^l ( ) «• an English noble man 

vu^i ^wf\. 

tsm I Earl- 

dom=^9t> I 

Earliness ( ) w. state of being early 

Early ( ^pffi ) adj. in good time or season, 
happening in the near future 

I —adv. soon CWIF, 

cmsi^jrtcaf, i Early and late 

=at all times ^^*11 

Eariy bird^one who 

L 237 ] 



rise early ^ritl5l i 

Keep early hours =c^T5T^C»l C“ri C^^- 
^PtC^T I The early bird catches the 
womi=totfr »r»finr “c^sri 

jrr^ ^31, 'bj'51? I” 

Earn ( ) v. i. to gain by labour wit^, 

I Earnings n. ( pi. ) money 

saved <f5t. / 

Earnest ( ) adj. eager, determined 

; sincere ^TstaT, I 

Earnestly adv. <T1\5 »rtf^, i 

Are you earnest ? 
Earnestness n. seriousness, reality 
f?^1, I 

Earnest ( ) or Earnest money n. money 

advanced ^55*1 i 

Earth ( ) n. the world ; soil, dry 

land ^rtl5, I Loose earth— i 

Earth worm=c^^ i Earth-work=?it(^? ; 

itttS I 

Earthen ( ) adj. made of earth or clay 

^PJnB I Earthenware = crockery 

ntaf I 

Earthly ( ) adj. belonging to the 

earth, worldly, vile 

^5 I Earthliness n. 

Earthquake ( ) n. a shaking of 

the earth i 

Earthy ( ) adj. consisting of earlli 

Ear-trumpet n. a sm^ill tube used to aid in 
^sr I 

Ease ( ^8F~ ) ti. freedom from pain, rest, 
freedom from difficulty 'Cft^ttPT, 

f^irtsr, » —V. t. to relieve from 

pain, trouble or anxiety ^1 ’tisnl 

1151, C?, ; to calm 

I To ease one's self=to relieve 
nature i 111 at ease 

—uncomfortable i Stand 

at ease=^f^»l®t:^ ^ i Easiness w. 

I Easement relief ^51 


Easeful ( ) adj. ease-giving 

Easel ( ) n. a frame on which pic- 

tures arc placed while painting 5R=5I1 C*^?r1 

Easily ( ) adv. with case 

East ( ) n. the direction in which the 

sun rises fg»T, I Eastern, East- 

ward adj. toward tlic cast 

I Easterly adj. or adv. looking to- 
wards the cast, on the east 

I The cast=|^:^t^?, ‘^^pjstcsi 

; the countries to the cast of 
Europe al5] i 

Easter ( ) n. the festival commemo- 

rating Christ’s resurrection 

Easy ( ^<#1 ) adj. free from pain, not 
difficult, giving case ^5^, 

I Easy-ciiair=^t^ir5t ^#1 i Easy- 
going— good-natured, indolent C^l'^'1, 
i Take it easy- to be quite un- 
concerned Ptl C^, 


Eat ( ) V. l. to chew and swallow, to 

lake food '»!'<, ^1^1^ I ( pr. p. eating ; 
pa. i. ate; pa. p. eaten). Eatable adj. fit 
to be taken i Eat away ^ ^ to 

destroy gradually '•fit i 

Eat one’s heart ^ i Eat one’s 

terms 5 i 
Eat out=«l1^ C“l^ I Eat up^io devour 
^^1 I Eat one’s words— to 
retract ^A i - -cr l 

He is a big o])iuin cater, 

Eau-dc-cologiic ( ) //. 

I Eau-de-vie - lira ndy >ffr i 

Eaves ( ) v. { pi. ) the edge i)f the locf 

'5d'^35l1, < Eaves drip or Eaves drop 


[ 238 ] 


<nan I board --='9l-»T»? 

^T’rnt^n Tti i 

Ebb ( ) H. thr going back ol' iicic 

C?itS1, ♦llifl^ 
; a decline i — v. i. 

to flow back ?t^fR ?I1 » Ebb-tide - 


Ebon, Ebony ( ) n. a species of hard 

black wood J 

Ebricty ( ) n. drunkenness ^l*f 

C^T^t^-^51 I Ebriated adj. intoxicated 

Ebullient ( ) adj. boiling iro, agitated 

Ebullition ( «. act of boiling : 


Eccentric ( ) adj. not having tliC 
same centre as another ; 

anom -lions, odd, irregular 

fe^'5 ^t?|^ I 

Eccentricity ( 'ii^Cb^fcarsf? ) //. the deviation 
from the centre of the snn 
5115^ ; singularity ol' i ondm t 

^f&l9Tf^, I 

Eedysis { vS Is'Ffl’fbS' ) //. the shedding ol 

skin l)y sinkcs ;i( certain ])riiods 

>Tlcn c«fii5 >Tr^l?ii i 

Eclampisa ( ; n. a c onvulslve 

attack due. to poisoning of the system 
that occurs during ]ncgnanry or after 
f lilldbirih f<^f3r>n C5t«1 

C^lsf I 

Ecclesiastic, al ( _) adj. belonging 

to llic clmrcli i 

- -n. a ]n'irst i 

Echelone ( esf^sr^T ) t. l. to arrang<* troops 
in di\'islons 

Eehinate ( ■iif'<J^^ ) adj. set \vith bristlos 
or prickles i Echinite n. a 

fossil sea uichiii '511 e 
’in?!?! ^(1135 I 

Echo ( 1 r. the repetition of a sound 

reflreferl >£jH?»«rs7 ; imjiatirm i 

— v. 1. to reflect sound afetfUbt ^=*1 ; to 
repeal a thing s^tid *?'< i 

[pa. i. and pa. p. echoed) 

'^'£ I 

Eclat ( oQ,.^ ) n. splendour 

Eclectic ( ) a.ij. c.lioosing the best 

from every source ( o]jpositc of Exclusive ) 
^Tlst5rl5d I 

Eclipse ( rr the ».»bslMi; ilo/j ol one 

of the heuveui/ bodies by auotlicr 
5Tr 5:^*1 ; daiki.e.,; spcKU ; -r. i. 

to darken, to throw iti'o the .^i!....!e IdPt' 

; tc^ :.;apass ::»«l iPlu'. i 

Ecliptic ( ) n. the ioppa-cnl ]: nli (;f 

tliC sun from ncc'I to <',iSL i -- ij. 

pnt.dnihg to r>n c- lipise 51?^; i 

Eclogue { oQ ’?[-• ', ,'<-, a p,c.Ccarai poem 

Ecology ( ' > 1 . a In-anrii uf ],vio!','gv 

whi<!i treats of lire effects (d the exienud 
juatters on li\'ing' liodirs ‘T- < blf<t'’2- 

UvU '<*«^l : 

Economy f > n. liaigal ev; ''■‘ndirniT 

of mon-'v I House- 
hold economv l': < v I Political 

economy-^ i Economy 

of natiHc-- i 

Economic ( £, i. .Economical adj. fmgal, 

<-arcful <fEl, 

I Economics n. the science 
«jf jitdicious rKpCTiditure I 

Economic condition -'511 '512’ifl i Econo- 

mist n. well versed in rconoinv 

-products.-^4<---?l mt 1 

Economise ( j <■ . f. to spend with 

economy *tr», <-?l 


[ 239 ] 


Ecstasy ( ) n. cxccfisivc joy, any 

exalted feeling 'JSintf I 

Ecstatic nc/j. rapturous ^t:€t»r, 

licuiiicnic - al ( universal 

c’Tlc^^ I 

I'czeina ( ) n. a common skin 

disease C^t«1 C^t^l, 

C<1 \ 

kdacious ( ) adj. given to eating, greedy 

I Edacity n. greediness 

Eddy ( vflfs ) II. a circular motion of water 
or air : a w]in'l})OoI ; a wliirl- 

wind I ”1’. ?. to tvliirl, to move 

round ;md round *f-? I 

( pr. p. eddj ing ; pa. p. eddied ). 

Eden ' n. .i i)aradise ; 

the garden wlicie Ada.m and live dwelt. 
Kdenic ndj. i 

Edentate ( witliout teeth 

C"*^tt5l?i ; ; c^l’Ftl 1 

Edge ( ) to the brink, the sharp side 

ol an instrument ^t«|, *tf®, l 

— V. t. to urge on C^1 i to place 

a bonier on C*f ; ; to 

sharpen >{^1, i. to move 

sideways U ^1, I 

Edge of water— I Play 
with edge-tools=CM^1 

I Edged adj. AU 
«i^1, C3l^1 I Edgelcss adj. C^1^1, 

I Edge-tool n. a sharp instrument 
C^1^1 » Edgewise adv. in the direction 

of the edge nVAJ i Set on edge = to cxite 
Ts I Set the teeth on edge 
=to cause a grating feeling in the teeth 
ci^Sfl I Edging n. a border round a 
garment or box «|t^, 


Edgy ( 4ifH( ) adj. «rt^ i 

Edible ( ) adj. fit to be eaten 

Cirt^I I — fi. something for food 

^ I 

Edict ) «. a decree, an order issued by a 

king ^■r^'S3l, 1 

lildifice ( ) n. a large building 

J Edification n. instruction, 



Edify ( ) V. t. to Imild up, to im- 

prove the mind 

I Edifying adj. instructive, improving 

Edit ( ) V. t. to prepare for publi- 
cation a^i»T ; to 

compile, to conduct ?P^, 


Edition ( viif®>sfiT ) n. (he number of copies 
of a book published at a time 

the ]>ublication of a book 

Editor ( ^ ) V. one wlio edits a book 
or a journal tn 

» Editorship n. 

j Editorial adj. of oi belonging to 
an editor i — n. a leading article 

in a news pa])cr 

Si-A% I *\A^t I 

Eiducate ( ) v. t. to uain, to bring 

up children C2T^t*f91 f%^1, C»f I (L. 
out ; ducere =^io lead). 

Education ( ) n. series of instruc- 

tions intended to strengthen and develop 
the mental faculties f^Wi, 

ftf^l i Edu- 

cational adj. relating to education f^ni»1 
I Educationist n. one skilled in 
methods of teaching f^1 

cm^. • 

Educe ( ) V. t. to draw out, to elicit, 
to extract a^r|*r ^ \ Education 

n. the act of drawing out ^*1 I 

240 3 




Eddction-pipe— ^^1 

Edulcorate ( ) v. t. c&«1 
c^tc^tn ^^1 I 

Eel ( ^ ) «. a fish with a slimy body 

E’en ( ) a contraction of Even. 

E’er ( ) a contraction of Ever, 

Effable ( ) adj. capable of being 

expressed ♦f^l, i 

Efface ( ) V. t. to rub' out, to obliterate 

I Effacement n. 


Effect ( ) n. result, consequence 

'©•I, I Effects n. { pi. ) property 

I — V. t. accomplish 

I With effect from = *1^1 
( <1^1 ) I Give effect to=^- 

C5t31 I To take effect to 
come into force «tt^, b»l, ¥t*I, 

I To this effect 'StC^ i 
For effect — for making impression 5^^ 

I Effectible adj. feasible W, 


Effective ( ) adj. powerful, operative 


Effectual ( ) adj. producing 

desired effect, successful ^F31*ft?^, 


Effectuate ( accomplish, 

Effeminate ( ) adj. womanish, weak, 

I Effeminacy n. womanish delicacy 

Effervesce ( ) v. i. to boil or froth up 

c^*T I Effervescence «. ^^far 

^ii I 

Effervescent ( ) adj. bubbling 


Effete ) adj. worn out with age 

?rrc^ ^4 1 

Efficacious ( ia^;-f?p-c^>rT^ ) adj. productive 
of desired effects I 

Efficacy ( ) n. virtue, power 
to produce an effect '^•1, 

( ) I 

Efficient ( ) adj. capable, competent 

4sT^? 11, ; effective i 

— Jy adv. I Efficience, Efficiency n. 

power producing the desired result ^t4j- 
JfV®-), ; fitness C?fNJ^1 ( 

C<FTC=?1 ) I 

Effigy ( ) n. likeness of a person 'Splipf^, 

I Burn in effigy =C^tC?n 

cnt?fl c^tRl 5ii^i^?is 

c*it^ I 

Effloresce ( vi)’tp;-gr|T^5~ ) v. i. to blossom 
forilr <t^ ; to I'orm a mealy powder 
on the surface ^♦irst '^^Z^ W 

Efflorescence or Efflorescency ( ) n. 

production of flowers, time of flowering 

^s\ '^9\ ^9i-\ ; a redness of the 

skin i 

Efflorescent adj. forming a white dust on the 
surface I 

Effluent ( ) adj. flowing out C^t^1, 

I — n. stream flowing out from 
another ^’1%, C%^51 ( 

Effluvium ( »ii5p^f%flt5l ) n. ( pi. Effluvia ) 
exhalation from decaying matter -^^1 


Efflux ( ) n. act of flowing out 

i also Effloxion. 

Effoliation ( ii?F;-sp’fST:il’JriT ) n. fall of the leaves 
of a plant >T^*I \ 

Effort ( ) n. exertion, attempt CU^I, 
I Effortless adj. passive I5t^ 
C5^1 I 

Effrontery ( vu^p^^tf^ ) n. impudence, 
shamelessness ; insolence 



[ 241 ] 

Efnilgence ( ) n. groat brightness 

ent??, cwrrf« i Emugeot adj. 

C^ntf^'tir , extremely bright <81®!^ 


Effuse ( ) V. t. to pour out 
( C^C=1 I 

Fvffusion ( ) «. act of pouring out, 

that which is poured out 

^4*1, 3Tr^V ?65f I Effusive wy. 
pouring out largely, gushing 4t4l>lT4, H- 
*141 ; expressing emotion 
’ITO, I Effusively ado. 

^4^4t4» 1 

Egad ( ) interj. by God C? ?f4, 

^414 ! 

Egalitarian n. >lf3n^t4^— 'iic^ 

®41 C®lt4r t 

Egestion ) n. evacuation of the 

Eaf '( ‘*’f: ) n. an oval body laid by birds 
and certain animals 4s^, I Egg- 

plant— the brinjal C4t9^ i Egg-cup— 
4S^ 4Tl >T4* I Egg-shell 

= thc outward covering of an egg 4*^4 
CFtr4|tt4l I 

Eggery ( vu’s^^-^i}’f4 ) n. a place where eggs are 
laid 4S^ ^fsi f4TBl i 

Eg8 ( instigate, to urge on 

C^l Of, I 

Eglantine ( ) n. a species of rose ««f44 

Ciit^rtn ^ » 

5^80 ( ^*’1’ ) «• I ft ^45T:tnl 

45tf:4l I Egoisan n. excessive love of self 
; the doctrine of auiscrting our 
existence and nothing else i 

Egoist ( ) n. an egotist, one who thinks 

too much of himself ftfCW 

ft ^ «TC4 I 

Egotism ( ) n. self-exaltation ^tWT^I, 
ft^ \ Egotist n. one 

always talking of himself ft ftrsf^ 



mn 4Tt<fn » Egotistic,— al adj. con- 

ceited «r59rtCr, ?r^?[4 i 

Egotise ( ) V. i. to talk much of 

oneself 4^4, ft4f4s ftrw 44 C4t»n I 

Egregious ( ^nfsiftf^l^ ) adj. prominent, extra- 
ordinary 4RJl1i(t4«l, 1%ftl45l, ; 

outrageous ; notorious i 

Egress ( ^-C'SIF~ ) n. act of going out 4ft^f5R, 
'6^1^ C4t5l ,* departure ; the way 

out C^t«1 *14 ; right to depart 'fl»ltl 

4T44 *V5r^1 I 

Egyptian ( ^ftr*l'’ff4'r4 ) adj. belonging to 
Egypt '5flf3PJfl4 cWlir I —n. 

ft544t4*l I 

Egyptology ( ) u. the science of Egyp- 

tian antiquities ^fw^4 «Slt5l^ ^'9 i 

Eh ( iD’ ) inUrj. an expression of slight 
surprise and enquiry uqjf" i \ 

Eider ( '5it^-®t4 ) n. a species of sea-duck 

Itif I Eider-down =•>1144^4 

*ltf4 I 

Eight ( ) n. the figure 8 i — adj. 
twice four I Eighth n. or adj. 4(^4 I 

On the eighth day=4^ti ft 44 ft4l i 

Eighteen ( ) n. eight and ten 'e^4 t Eigh- 
teenth adj. I 

Eighty ( vu’® ) n. four score 

JT*x411 I Eightieth adj. 454tC^1, 


Either ( ®t4 ) adj. or pro. one of the 

two, the one or the other itnft 

41 > 

Ejaculate ( ^-C4f4s-^^-C»l^ ) v. 1. to eject, to 
utter suddenly ^ftl4tt CWI, 

4*1" 4tli4 4f 1 — V- i- to utter ejaculations 
C4fU4t4l 41 C41W41 4t4 I Ejaculation n. a 
sudden utterance C4C’t4l, CWtC^t4l i 
Ejaculatory adj. 

Eject ( ) V. t. to cast out, to expel 
C441. 4tft4 454 ; to dispossess 
C4448i 4t4, Of I Ejection p. discharge 


[ 242 ] 


1 ( L. e~out ; jicere^io 

throw ) . 

Ejectment ( ) n, expulsion, disposs- 
ession stsTc^T^i 

Eke ( ^^ ) V. t. to increase, to lengthen 
I Eke out=to supplement 
^^•1 C^t:^n ; con- 
trive to make *51^1^ C5^1 ^ T1 ^♦ftTT 

^ I 

Elaborate ( ) adj. finished with 
exactness I 

— r. /. to produce with labour 
I Elaborately adv. 

I Elaborateness or Elaboration n. 
refinement f^tf^ ; act of elaborating 


Elan ( vHa^tt ) «. vivacity ; dash a violent 
rush ; C561, i 

Elapse ( ) V. i. to pass away, to glide 

away i 

Elastic ( ) adj. having lendna y to 

recover original form ; flexible, 

yielding Bin C«Jl?rh 

Elasticity ( ) n. springiness 

c?t?n Bincnl?ii 


Elate ( } adj. jniffed up ^vI(Il success 

\9tFl% n? I - -r. /. lo exalt, to 

make proud n^, nnt»r 

I Elation ri. self-esteem, 
pride arising froin success ‘sin, 


Elbow ( iil’5^-? ) t!. the joint where (he arm 
bends i ~t’. /. to jostle, to pnsli 

with the elbow' i 

Elbow-room —space enough ibr doing some- 
thing 'BTt^sT ^1^1 At one’s elbow— 
close at hand cnt^t'® i 

Elder ( ) adj. prior in origin, older 

08^, t --tt. one 

who is older CSTTi'Stl ; an ancestor 

; an ecclesiastical officer i 

Elderly adj. somewhat old 
Eldest adj. oldest 

f Elder n. a kind of plant bearing 
berries 5|^ i 

El-Dorado ( ) n. a fabulous region 

where w'calth is easily to be made 
; c^*f^ I 

Elect ( ?-C9l%) V. t. to choose for ofiicc, to 
select by vote 

I — adj. chosen for an office 
n^1 I —n. one cliosen 

2ftf^ I 

Election ( ) n. the an of choosing 

Electioneer ( ) v. i. to try to 

secure the election of a candidate C^tC^TI 

Electioneering ti. tlic soliciting of votes 
for election C^R^Tt 
?1 I 

Elective ( ) adj. pertaining lo (dioii c 


Elector ( ) >t. one who elects vSjf^fRftt 

; a voter ; one 

having the riglit to elect the Emperor 
of Germany cw»t^ 

{Jem. Electress, Electoress). Eiectpral 
adj, -pertaining to electors 

I Electoral-roll— <j1 af«- 

Electorate ( ^cer^-^cs^l ) n,, ibc dignity or 
territory of elector ?1 

the body of electors i —college 

p[^5ntlT«1 I 

Electric or Electrical ( ) adj. pertain- 

ing to electricity 

1 Electric light ^1 entf ^ t 

— shock c^t¥t^ I Electric- 


i 243 ] 


meters instrument to measure electricity 
Cl)) ‘carton I 

Electrician ( ) n. one versed in 

the science of electricity, or one who 
studies it f^HTl 

Cm^ I 

Electricity ( ) n. name of the 

natural consequences arising fiom fric- 
tion and contact of bodies and substances 

Electrify ( ) V. t. to communi- 
cate electricity ; to 

astonish t5«n i 

Electro ( ) n, a prefix denoting the 

agency of electricity ^1 


Electrocute ( ) v. t. to cause 

death by means of electricity 5T^t^ 


Electro-magnetism ( ) n. 

production of magnetism by electric 


^•1 I 

Electrometer ( ) n. 3. instru- 

ment for measuring electricity 
^ I 

Eiectromobiie ( ) n. a vehicle 

moved by electricity 

Electron ( ) n. n^irf*} ; a very 

minute particle of negative electricity. 

Electrocution ( ) n. »tf^C5t 

^511 I 

Electroplate ( ) v. t. to cover 

with a coating of silver by electricity ^cnC4 

^ I Electrotype n. the 
art of copying an engraving by means 
of electricity 

Electrum ( tc»f^-Stsr ) «. an alloy of gold and 
aUver C>T|n-3f{»f fsrWl 4S^1 KlJ l 

Elegant ( adj. pleasing to the eye 

or taste, graceful, nice 
^^*1^ I Elegance n. state or quality of 
being elegant i 

Elegy ( (ijfsifiif ) n. a mournful song or poem 

I Elegiac 

adj. mournful i Elegist ri. 


Element ( ) n. a first principle, an 

essential part of anything 

I Elements n. ( pL ) the rudiments 
of learning fire, air, earth, water, ctlier 

), I 

Elemental ( ) adj. pertaining to 

elements fundamental n*r1et 


Elementary ( ) adj. f^imary, un- 

compounded, of a single element 

Elench ( ) or Elenchus ( ) n. 

refutation ; false argument 


Elephant ( ) n. the largest quadruped 

having a trunk I A white 

Elephant = a gift which occasions trouble 
to the recipient 

I —catcher ?pt^ i 

Elephantiasis ( ) n. a disease 

in which the legs become tliick and 
heavy c^»t1 i Elephantiac adj 


Elephantine ( ) adj. pertaining to 
an elephant ; like an elephant, 

very large i 

Elevate ( ) v. t. to raise to a Iiigher 

place C^t»T, m *fn ; to 

improve, to cheer i 

Elevated adj. raised, dignified 

Elevation ( ) ri. the act of raising 


[ 244 ] 


elevated plac i 

height \9<f, 51 ; exaltation I 

Elevator { ) n. one who or that 

which lifts ^ 

Eleven ^ ) n. the figure 11 '3ltW, 

I Eleventh adj. or n. 

I Eieverah hour — the last moment 

c-r^' I 

Elf ( ^cT^” ) 'i- ioi imagitiary spirit 

riT?ii ; 

' />/. Elves. ) a tricky being I Elfin 

adj. relating to elves ^5^1^ I — n. a 

child I Elfish or Elvish adj. elf-like 

mischievous i 

Elicit ( j V. t. to bring to light, to 

deduce i 

Eligible ( ^iieT-t-l%-<12T ) adj. fit to he chosen 
qualified 9rtTl^, ; desirable i 

Eligibleness, Eligibility ». fitness, desirableness 
C^It^^l I 

Eliminate ( to cancel, to 

remove ^i)?, C*^, C^f i 

Elimination n. i 

Elision ( ) n the supression of a 

vowel or syllabic ^ 


Elite ( ) n. a cht/sen part of any- 

thing, the best 

Elixir ( ) n. an invigorating tinrtur< 

Elk ( ) n. the largest species of deer tstf^ 

Wl??1 *T?l 1 

Ell ( viliq ) fi. a cloth measure equal to IJ 
yd. cwt«r I EH- 

Hand=?Pt:nt^ I Give him an inch 

and hj’ll take an ell=wi1t f*rnr 
•i\^l^z^ <1111 1 

Ellipse ( ) n. an oval figure 

C**R!f ; I 

ptipsis ( ) ( pi. Ellfpsw ) n. omission 

of a word or words in a sentence 

Elliptic ( ) or Elliptical adj. oval 
; having a part understood t![«- 

W I 

Elm ( ) n. a kind of forest tree vilWt1% 

Elocution ( ) n. the art of public 

speaking, eloquence 

fifg *r4l ««! I Elocutionist n. one versed 
in eloc ution » 

Floin or Eloign ( ) v. t. to separate 

and remove to a distance 

Elongate ( ) v. t. to extend 
; to lengthen. 

Elope ( ) V. {. to run away privately 
with lover ^ * Elope- 
ment n. a secret departure of a woman 

with a man ^»Ttl Tl 


Eloquence ( ) n. effective and 

persuasive speech 

»if^, I 

Eloquent ( ) adj. fluent and per- 
suasive art^ 

7T55spn^lt^ 3P«n ^ ^ Eloquently adv. 
fluently i 

Else ( ) pio. n. other CTlT^I, 

I ( There is no one else^tgp® 

'd'!^ CW511 ) I 

Else ' ) adv otherwise, besides 


Elsewhere ( ) adv. in or to another 

place I Elsewiic^- 

otherwise ^*1 i 

Elucidate ( ) v. t. to make clear 

C’^lr»lt5l c*f ; to illustrate ^fw- 

♦Itf^ ^ I 

Elucidation ( ) n. act of making 

clear C^Tfmtn ; illustration I Sloel- 

[ 245 ] 


dative or Elucidatory adj. explanatory 
cvitnnFi ^511, w i 

Elude ( ) V. t. to escape by stratagem, 

to evade >rt?, ^tTl Cf i 

Elusion ( ) n. evasion >rf4*l, 

C^1, I 

Elusive ( ) adj. deceptive tnt^ral, 

W^TTtfw, I 

Elusory ( ) adj. evasive ; deceitful 


Elvan, Elvish see EIf=^5^5t^, ^ i 
Elysium ( ) n. the abode of the blessed 

after death, a delightful place 


Elysian ( ) adj. exceedingly delight- 
ful I 

Emaciate ( ) v. t. to make lean fStlwtl 

sTtlf^n ^ I - -v. i. to become 
lean, to waste tj, ^*(1, 

TTl I Emaciated adj. lean f^»n, 


Emaciation ( ) n. state of being 

lean, leanness fSllfr! ^*1 'srafl, f »I^ i 
Emanate ( ) v. i. to proceed from, 

to arise ^6^3? 5, 'e»l1 ; to flow out ^1 i 
Emanant adj. issuing from 'er*rrt1 i 
Emanation ( ) n. that which issues 

from some source, issuing i 

Emancipate ( ) v. i. to free, from 
bondage ^ C«nr*Pt*l1, CW I 

Emancipation ( ) n. state of being 

set free, liberation «rhTtF, 


Emancipator ( ) n. one releasing 

from servitude i 

Emasculate ( ) v. t. to deprive 
of masculine power, to castrate <rt^t 
), Va I — n. 

Emasculation vrtfr ^^*1, «rtirw>r*i i 
Embalm ( ) v. t. to preserve from 
decay by aromatic drugs WW1 
^t<f ; to perfhmt ^|Sft% i 

( vi|’i{r4E ) V. t. to protect with a 
bank i 

Embankment ( ) n. a bank or 

mound constructed to prevent the flow 

of water Tlt^ 

•nt^, «nl>r5i I 

Embargo ( ) n. order prohibiting 

arrival or departure of ship 

wt^tw «r^-cTrr?[l 5 R«i ; 

; a stoppage of trade 

TtfnWT I ( p/. ) Embargoes 

V. t. to restrain l 

Embark ( ) v. t. or v. i. to put on 
board a ship VfttTt'ST® *rt?r5 
; to engage in 

C^tt5Tl ; to go on board a 

ship I Embarkation 

n. going on board a ship ?1 

^1 wt!riw?rt3ji I 

Embarrass ( vs’sic^s; ) v. t. to perplex, to 
involve in difficulty 

C<ivn, C^VS «f1 ; to encumber 

cl5l ; ’Vnai’® ^ i 

Embarrassment ( ) «• perplexity, 

pecuniary distress C^il, 

Embassy ( vil’TS^-C^f^ ) «• the function of an 
ambassador, the person or persons sent 

tc a foreign country ^T^T, ^Wtf^ i 

Embattle ( ) v. t. to form in order 

of battle b *ltft ^VS l 

Embed or Imbed v. t to place in a mass of 
matter I 

Embellish ( iaT[-C4f^"t: ) v. t. to adorn, to 

Embelliahment ( ) n. act of 

adorning, decoration 

Embers ( ) "• iP^‘) 



t 246 ] 


Ember-days ( ) n. ( pL ) certain 

fast days C^t^1 ^^41^ l 

Embezzle ( vu’sr-C^W^s^ ) v. t. to misappro- 
priate what has been entrusted ♦RRT 

^1, I 

Embezzlement n. fraudulent misappropria- 
tion of another’s property 

Embitter ( ) v. t. to make bitter 

; to increase ill feeling 

Emblazon ( ) v t. to adorn with 

figures of heraldry T^^ 

; to deck in blazing colours 
I Emblazonment n. act of 
adorning wiili Jicraldic devices 
5C»rff%® I 

Emblem ( ) //. a symbol, a type fsj, 


Emblements ( ) ;/. {pi.) crops 

grown by cultivation for profit f C^f^st 
^^<15 »r®, c«tf®^ I 

Emblematic or Emblematical ( ) adj. 

symbolic I 

Embody ( ui’'5t?[% ) v. i. or v. t. to form 
into a body, iiicorpoiuLe 

flS* ^-<1 ; lo collect into a whole 
^*51? I Embodiment n. act or state 
of being emiiodicfl ^^*1, 


Embolden ( ,, r. /. m make bold >lt^^ 


Embolism ( ) n. 

Embonpoint ( ) n. a plump woman, 

I -adj. f^cnt^wi I 

Embosom ( ) v. t. to take into bosom, 

to caress <f5f, aftt^ 

at^sf ^4 t 

Emboss ( ; ?. l. lo oruameut with 

rarsed work C^, ^1»( I Em- 
bossment n raised work l 

Embuochure ( ) n. the mouth- 
hole of a musical instrument ; 

the mouth of a river ^«ri4 C*rt?J5tl i 
Embowel ( ) f- I- to remove tlic 

entrails from C*tJ 4^^ ( 

: Embower ( ) v. t. to form into a 

I bower «t, 

I I 

! Embrace ( jov-C3&; ) v. t. to take in tiie 
arms, to take eagerly <1^, 

*J<, ^ttf^sr^T ^4, 4^4 ; to adopt 

5 f^«l ; lo include ^'4 I Hc has 

embraced Christianity 

I n an embracing I 

Embracer ;c one who influences the 

jurors liy corrupt means 

- I Embracery n. ^^4* 

f*fn I 

Embrangle ( ) v. t. to ])crplcx 

^4 ; 4S4 I 

Embrasure ( (£i’'si-cg“3^<4; ) n. an opening in 
a wall for cannon f^t4 ‘>1?® 

*ftf®44 45^1 fW « 

Embrocate ( ) v. t. to moisten and 

rub a diseased part C®»T ^tf«r »T^t^ C5rt?jrf4 
! Embrocation n. a lotion for outward 
use 4^41 I Embroglio see 


Embroider ( i v. t. tea omainent 

with figured needlework 451:^14® C4, 

^ntC4 44 4i4, 5^t*4^rn 4St^ 4t4 i 
Embroidery ( i}'v[-i9^-C'£f4 ) «. ornamental 

needlework «*rt4 44, 4st®f I 

Embroil ( ) v. t. u> involve in a 

broil, to entangle C451?PP 4n^t4 

^41, ^4t^4l ^4 I Embroilment /i. disturb- 
ance 1541^41 i 

Embryo ( <il> the young of an 

animal 4®rfst, C*f&® CftSI , 

the beginning ol anything C'llt4, 

f4Ct>l ( . Embryonic ndj. i 

Emend ( ) to ;com^^ to i^move 


[ 247 ] 


faults from W1, '«Fl, 4*4 I 

Emandable a^j. that may be corrected 
’94414 n4l I Emandate v, U to 
correct 9441, 4^4 i 

Emandation n. correction 4tt*r1»f4 I Eman* 
dator n, one who corrects errors in writing 
>Ttr»rt*(44stft, 94 ; 45^41^1 1 

Emerald ( t4t4-ii^ ) n. a precious stone of green 
colour nt?Tl, 444*® l 

Emerge ( ) v. i. to rise out of, to come 

into view '6411^ 4tf44t»f ^4!1, f45f9 4 , 
irt4 I ( L. tf = out ; mergsre —to 

plunge ) . 

Emergence, Emergency ( ^4T4-C4ffv ) n. a 

sudden appearance 4t44 ; an 

unexpected occurrence 45114*1^4* 4&41 ; a 

pressing necessity ^t^4*, 44 4^4, &t44t%^ ; 


Emergent ( ) adj. urgent 94P4\, 

; suddenly appearing 4^1^, ^^141 I 
Emergently adv. W4S4‘>t4*, 1 

Emeritus ( tC4f4&5; j adv. honourably retired 
from oflicc 4*14 45f4 4!Rr44 » 

— n. one honourably discharged from 
public duties 4t4 4*14 ^444 cnt4l 

C4I14S I /)/.Emerit. 

Emersion ( t4l^^ ) n. act of emerging, reappe- 
arance 1 

Emery ( >44114 ) n. a mineral used as powder 
for polishing Aiif44 4l^ 1 Emery paper 
4*14W I 

Emetic ( ^C4l5^ ) adj. causing vomiting 

^iist4*l4^ J a medicine that 

causes vomiting ^lf®'>94l 444j 4444*1^ 

444 I 

Emigrate ( ilf4li5I^ ) v, i. to remove horn one 
country to another for residence >^4* C4*I 
’Sfl^ C4»r® 4*14 ^f4 4lt>4t»r 41, C4»fl94 
444 4*4 I 

Emigrant ( <af4C®^ ) «. one who emigrates 
4C44 Vflf4 ftm® «nf^t41 C4t4l C»rt4*, 
®4^il4 I —adj. fjmigiratmg ®4*Tl41 1 

Emigration ( ) n. act of emigrating 

414 4*f444 f4ftrC*5 f4C*f»r 444, ^ta4t4 I 
Emigration act=4rr4 C44® 4*14 4ff44t4t 
C4t4l ^4 «Tlt4 I 

Eminent ( iflf4r4^ ) adj. conspicuous, 
distinguished 4St9, ©411®, '64, 44^4*141 I 

Eminence, Eminency n. rising ground 'e<i 
^Tf?, f?4*1, f&®4l ; distinction 

454 / 

Emir ( iaf44 ) n. an Arabian chief 4f1i|r- 

4tf4Tf44 491 I 

Emissary ( ) n, one deputed on a s^ret 

mission ^l9tf®, 9954 » 

Emission ( ) n. the act of sending out 

f45f5r4, ^4^4*1 i Emission theory =^f94l4 
v5I5f44t4*444l 44l4 C4i:4r4 r4*ff4l4 4441^ 
\89Jl$ C4144 4*^4 ^f4 C4*l4l 4® I 

Emit ( ) V. t. to send out, to issue 4l9 

4*4, ^41 I 

Emmenology ( ) «. the facts 

about menstruation f®C4l®1 49441 C4l4l 
®4 I 

Emoliiate ( t4f4C4§ ) v. t, to soften C4*t44 4*4, 
^4t^4l 4*4 I 

Emollient ( t4f4^4^' ) adj. softening C4*l4- 
C4t4l, C4r^1 9514 441 444 ( C4r4 C4Slr41 
4444 C4'6 41 t[4t?5; ) I 

Emolument ( ^f4^C4‘^ ) n. profit, gain 4l®, 

C444®^ ; ^44f% I 

Emotion ( ^-4-44 ) n. agitation of mind 444 
354 , ^4, *5rrf4 444 94 ^ 1 1 

Emotional adv. 1 

Empanel ( U)'sifi^fr44 ) v. t. to enrol the names 
of a jury ^^4 4*^ 4*4 I 

Emperor ( »fl?[4t44;; ) n. the highest title of 
sovereignty 4Sli?, 4l9lf44l9 1 — Fm. Em- 

press=4lal1, 4?141^ 1 

Emphasis ( <ai{-C4Ff^7 ) n. stress laid on a 

word 4*4l4 >644® fHl CWt4 41 {:|5l J ( pi. 

Emphasise ( Ji'4-C95tt9t ) v. t. to make 


[ 248 ] 


^ I 

Kmphatic, Emphatical ( ) adj. 

uitered with emphasis, forcible t 5 l 1 ^ 

I Emphatically adr. firmly 


Eninire il dominions of an cmpeior 

C*f»l 1 

Empiiic, finipirical ( — il?[ ) adj. 

known only by experience i 

Empiric //. a quack C^i? ; 

knowledge obtained by making trials 

5J5f< I 

Emplane _( ) y. ^^1 i 

Employ ( ; r. /. to use, to give work tovi'> 

engage »ri>1, 

I •«■ ijusiness, occupation 

=Ptai, I 

Employe ( ) n. one who is employed 


( also Employee). 

Employer ( ; n. one wito employs 


Employer’s liability i 

Employmeat ( ) n. act of employ- 
ing, occupation, business ^*1, 

^tW, I 

Emporium ( ) n. a great mart, a 

place to which goods arc brought for .sale 
from different parts aiTt^l 


Emporia ). 

Empower ( ; v. i. to 


Empress n. Fern, of Emperor i 

Emptiness ( a»’^^i5f5T57 ) n. state of being empty 
^^14-51 I 

Empty ( ) adj. void, without effect, 

unsubstantial «rf^, »f«, i 

— V. t. to make empty sflf^ 

I —V. i. to become empty 

^iff^ ? I Empty handed 1 

Empyreal ( ) adj. formed of pure 

fire or light, sublime CWltf^^ 1 

Empyrean n. the heavens 

Emulate ( Ji’fsr^cai^ 1 n. to vie with, to 
rival- CM 


Emulation ( ) n. rivalry, com- 


Emulative adj. inclined to competition 
C^f^TItC^Pfg I 

Emulous ( ) adj. eager to emulate 
?|rfg ^1, 

C^^ ^15^ I 

Emulsion ( ) u. a milklike mixture 

<'onsi sting of oil, water etc. vDf^it 
c>mii? I 

p:nable ( ) v. t. to ^nake able •tW jp^, 

Enact ( ) v. t. to establish by law 

^]9Ti ; to perform 


Enactment n. the passing of a bill into law, a 
law or act UTtf^ 


Enamel ( ; n. a vitrified substance 

applied chiefly to coat metals ^5^1 i 
- -V. t. to paint in enamel ^1 vpg i 

Enamelled adj. ^ \ ( c?rr^ ) '6-n^^ 


Enamour ( ) v. t. to inflame with love, to 

< harm CUtf^ '*1^ ^W1, \ Be 

enamoured of with^to be in love 
csfviyj^ c^9r n 1 

Encamp ( oQsj^-c^"®!^ ) *'• or v. i. to pitch, tents 
^1 ; to halt on a march 

Encampment n. the place where an army or a 
company is encamped f«Tf^ tRs1 ; a 

camp f%r^, It^f^ i 

Encaahmeot ( ) n. payment in 


[ 249 ] 


cash of a bill or note v»^:3rt?r1 

Enceinte ( ) adj. pregnant with 

child I 

Encephalic ( ) adj. belonging to 

the head or brain i 

Enchain ( chains 
f%«Pf9T ; to link together 

cwt^l si-frl I 

Enchant ( v£ 1 ^-:b^ ) v. t. to charm 

C'6t»l f^^1, C51t5 C^1?1 > Enchanted adj. 

delighted ; possessed by- 

spirits I 

Enchanter ( ) n. a sorcerer, a 

magician I ( Fern. En- 

chantress ) . 

Enchantment ( ) n. act of 

cncliaating, fascination C®C3>|<p^- 

Enchase ( jewels 
; to engrave 

^If5 ^ I 

Encircle ( ) v. t. to enclose in a 

circle m C?, i 

Enclave ( ) u. ^InfA «(^1 

C*r«T I 

Enclose ( vii’^-SP’«r; ) or Inclose v. t. to 
surround, close ; to fence 

C^it1 C?, ; to shut in 

W< \ 

Enclosure or Encloser ( the 

act of enclosing, that which encloses 

c^^i, 6Tt5, 5c^t?n i 

Enclosure to a letter 

Encomium ( ) n. praise, eulogy 
*r9fl^ I Encomiast n. a praiser 

Encompass ( ) v, t. to surround, 

to enclose ' 

Encore ( } adv. once more ’srfc^^, 


I — V. t. to call for a repetition 

^ I 

Encounter ( ) v. t. to meet face 

to face suddenly ^ ; to oppose 

^ t — n. a sudden meeting 
C^&1 ; a light "^st, i He encountered 

many difficulties in the way~(r®'S <1^^ 
'Siftm I 

Encourage ( ) v. t. to inspire with 

hope and courage, to incite 
CW, ; to patronise 

>T^t9 I 

Encouragement ( »i)sT-^tr^W7 CT(^ ) n. incite- 
ment, hope for success 

Encouraging adj. giving hope 

'SfSt^ I 

Encroach ( ) r. i. to intrude on the 

rights of others, to trespass 

C^9f I 

Encroachment n. act of encroaching, un- 
lawful intrusion 

I Encroach- 
ment of a river='>p5l » 

Encrust or Incrust ( j)’?r ^?T-3Pt^) v. t. to 

cover with a crust Ft^f^ I 

—v. i. to form a crust C5t:?rf^1 

I Encrustation a crust or layer of 

Encumber ( ) v. t. to impede the 

motion by a load or burden, to embarr- 
ass ^ *R, 5R ; to 

involve heavily in debts KPi *1^ i En- 
cumbered Estate’s Act^tifsia^j 

Encumbered Estate ='5t^ aw ‘ 

Encumbrance ( «a’?T-^^rbs;[-C3JT5;; ) «. that which 
encumbers cm«n, 11^51^, 

CTR1 ; a legal claim Ttf^, » A widow 
without encumbrances=>lf%-’l^t^ 



[ 250 ] 


Encyclical ( ) adj. circulated 

to many persons or places 

mPf \ 

Encyclopaedia, Encyclopedia ) 

n. a work containing the whole circle 

of human knowledge 3StR< 

^t»r I 

Encyst ( ) v. t. or V. i. to enclose in a 

cyst C^ti:^t9Tl I 

End ( ) n. the extreme point C*r^t^, 

C*W ; termination '®iw, ; death 

^5^1 ; ultimate object 5tf®at?r ; consequ- 
ence ni^«rt5l, I — V. t. to bring to an 

end C»T? 1 —V. i. m close 15, 

\Q^ 5 1 Endless adj. v/itliout 

end ^^51, ; objectless 

^57 I Ending n. conclusion i 

To this end=i)t i In the end=at 

last I Latter end-^ 

^f%31 I Be the end of^5|^«l i At 
one’s wit’s end— i Begin 
at the wrong end=^9lt«l5 

I Have at one’s finger-ends— to be 
thorouglily acquainted i 

To make both ends meet=to live within 
-ne’s income 

I On end=ercct [ Go (in) off the 
deep end=«r^^ C?t?1 i 

Endanger ( ) v. i. to put U) danger 

cn»t1, I 

Endear ( ) v. t. to make dear f^Il- 

♦t1« W I 

Endearment ) ) n. affection, 

caress I 

Endeavour ( ) v. t. to try, to attemi)t 

^ I —n. effort, 

attempt cufel, i 

Endecagon ( ) n. a plane figure of 
eleven sides CVai i 

Endemic, — al ( »i|7r-osf5r^ ) or Endemial ( ^’R>- 
) adj. peculiar (o a people or a pro- 
vince i 

Endermic ( ) adj, 


Endocarp ( ) n. ti^e inner shell of a 

fruit Z^ C«[t^1, 

5t»l I 

Endogamy ( ) n. the custom of mar- 
rying a kindred f^5l 

«2t«n I Endogamous adj. 

^C^U1 I 

Endorse ( «a''Q^ ) or Indorse v. t. to write one’s 
name on the back of 

; to give one’s sanction to ^1^^ 

I Endorsement n. act of 
endorsing C^tC^I ^tr»T fWTl 

; sanction, a remark 

Endow ( ) v. t. to give a dowry, to 

present C^, 1 

Endowment ( ) n. act of endowing, 

])ropcrty settled on any person or insti- 
tution tftST, 

f^^rl ; natural faculty 


Endue ( ; v. l. to clothe with, to invest 

Endurable ( ) adj. that which 

can l)c endured 1 

Endurance ( 'ii’sT-%?r^--S5J» ) n. state of bearing 
; continuance ; patience 

Wt, I 

Endure ( ) tc t. to tolerate i 

~-v. i. to last, to remain firm fl>^, f?*? 

? I Endurer n. i 

Enema ( ) n. an injection into the 


^CTr§1 I 

Enemy ( ) n. a foe, an adversary »fais, 

I The enemy— ilie devil 
Cif6 I The last eneiny=death ?i>r 1 
Energetic ( ) adj. active, having 


[ 251 ] 




Energy ( j n. intcmal strength, imwer of 

doing work 
m I 

Enervate ( ) v. t. to deprive of 
strength or courage ; io enfeeble 

I —adj. spirit- 
less ^t»r5Tt^Tl I Ener- 

vative adj. weakening i 

Enervation n. i 

Enfeeble ( ) v. t. to weaken 

I Enfeebicmeiit n. 

i[^9n5l I 

Enfetter ( ) v. t. ^ 


Enfilade ( ) r. t. to rake with shot 

throughout the whole Icngili of a line “tl^ 
♦itf^ «f^'i I 

— n. a number of rooms having doors 
facing to a common passage ?lt<T 

»Tt^ *111% W mh I 

Enforce ( ) v. t. to put in force, to give 

effect to tF*t ; to put 

in execution If i To enforce a decree 

=f®afNH^f I To enforce an order= 


Enforcement ( ) «. act of enforc- 
ing, compulsion i 

Enfranchise ( ) v. t. to set free 

’•TtP'TfF C^i ^1% CW ; to -give a franchise 

C*rr»[ ’V^f'31 C'T ; to admit to 
civil or political privileges 

C? I Enfranchisement n. admission to 
civil or political rights C^1C^?1 

Tf I 

Engage ( vijiTC^fW ) V. t. to bind by a contract 
; to lender liable ^rlfl 
5|;^ ; to employ, to occupy 
3^t^tl »fin PT&l ; to Uilici one’s self as 

Sdrety ^ ; fp , Itetiotfi 

I — r;. i. to pledge one’s word 

; to enter into conflict ^'Sp 
STtvf ; to become lioimd vfl, ? I To 
engage for ^ C*fI^ ? i 

Engaged ( promised in marriage 
; betrothed 
; occupied 

; Engagement n. state of being 
engaged ; employment ; obli- 
gation ^*trf^, ; a figlit i 

Engaging ( ; adj. attractive 


Engender ( ; v. t. to beget, to pro- 
duce 'e*15r1, I 

Engine ( isfapH ) «. a machine ^91, ; a 

contrivance i Fire 

engine— i Steam 
engine=-«t^ ^^1 i Engine room— 

^tt^n «t^1 c^lil I Engine-driver or Engine- 
man-— one who drives an engine 


Engineer ( j n. an engine maker or 

manager i — c. /.to contrive 


Engineering ( j n HlFffl ; 


Enginery ( n machinery Kfit3l 

f^itFb I 

English (In%*F'; n. pertaining to England 

or its inhabitants 

^1^1, I Englander, Englisher n. 

) Do you speak English^ 
'^r>T ? The English--=^^^t«f 

Wlf^ I 

Engraft ( ) or Ingraft v /.to graft 

a .shoot or one tree into another 

*f5|; to fix 

deeply I Engrafiment n. 

Engrail ( ) v, t. to surround the 

border with rough indented linos or 

dots -<5^1 ( C^iTST 

Fn grftin 

[ 252 3 


) I Engrailment n. 'e<r 

^ ^ C^K\ I 

Engrain ( or Ingrain v. t. to dye 
of a fast colour 35* 51^911 ; to infix 

deeply ^’Tl t 

Engra?e ( ) v. t. to cut with a chisel 

or graver *rr^ 

; to imprint iTTlt I 

Engraver n. one who engraves ; 

Engraving n. art of cutting designs on 
metal, wooa etc. «rr^ W\V 

. f^tin I 

Engross ( <il’ 5 T-aiW 7 ) v. t. to monopolise 

art^ ; to occupy or ‘buy the 

whole »T ; to absorb ; to 

copy in a large hand 
cn«( \ Engrosser n. 

f^fsr artw ^1 I Engrossing n. 

^ l 

Engulf ( ) or Ingulf v. t. to swallow 

up wholly 057^1 f’rf^ CW ; to overwhelm 
aiifJT ir^, titp iitf% «Rr 1 

Enhance ( ) v. t. to increase, to 
aggravate ^Fl, ^ • Enhance- 
ment n. act of enhancing I 

Enhancement of revenue 1 

Enigma ( ) n. an obscure question, 

a riddle ^«n 1 

Enigmatic, — al adj. intricate, puzzling 

wi^, f^Torr^l ; I 

Enjoin ( ) V. t. to command, to order 

Ti ^ I 

Enjoy ( «as[-W^ ) v. t. to take pleasure in, to 
feel ^1% 

^ ; to have the use of ^ I 

How did you e^joy your holidays f% 
^an, ^dh (T^vrcat i How did 

you enjoy your stay in Calcutta=^f»T^^t^ 
«rrf^c^tv(^ 9 rrl%»r, ^isfirwr^R 
♦ft^ I He enjoyed leave only for three 
days==c^'6 irf^«rr5T fl? 

i Enjoyment n. pleasure, happiness 

’artsTHf, : 5 <f I Enjoyable adj. ; 

I Enjoy oneself = take delight in ; 
enjoy pleasure ^ I 

Enkindle ( ) v. t. to set on fire uiSTl, 

W®l1, ; to rouse ^U5W*rl ^ I 

Enlarge ( ) v. t. to make larger, to 
expand ^F), ; to set 

free CSTtt^^ » — v. i. to grow 

larger ^ i Enlargement n. increase, 
extension WW ^'>1, ^ipnaiTtn ; 

release ^pf»T i 

Enlighten ( ) v. t. to throw light 
upon, to impart knowledge to C^TfRl, Vfait^ 
wt^ f%Wl c? I Enlightenment n. 
state of being enlightened WW C^TR, 
WtrsrtlT% I Enlightened p. adj. 


Enlist ( ) V. t. or v. i. to enrol sflar 
»T‘*T1, to engage in public 

service OTt^, C*rm»r ¥? I Enlist- 

ment n. enrolment ^5t%, •Tt^T 
FI ^*1 I 

Enliven ( ) i'. t to animate ; to 
make active and cheerful FR, llF^ltUT 
FR, I 

Enmasse ( ) adv. ; 'HCFt FftF 1 

Enmity ( vji ) n. ill-will, hostility 
'SRFltF, •np^'l, CFF, ^TtaFtF I 
Ennead ( ) n. the number nine 

S) r — ic adj. FF FlFTF^ I Eoneagon n. 
FFT^^f CW3[ I 

Ennoble ( iJi'^F’-Ffr ) v. t. to make noble, 
to elevate ®t«F FR, FR, ^W9 


Ennui ( ) n. langour, a feeling of 

weariness ^iR, wrtFf2r» FTllpffJi 1 
Enormous ( ) adj, immense, exces- 
sive FTF^ItFi, fiTFt'tl, FfV ; atro- 

cious ^ I ~iy adv. nmfIrfHFrcn, cFf&h^, 
Wtf^nt^FT I 

Enormity (IFfW?) n. a state of tMisg 
enormous I a peat wiclte4- 


[ 253 ] 


ness ♦ft’f, ^¥^<1 ! 


Enough ( (iiiRJir ) adj. sufTicicnt 

T7\hU I —fi. suiricicncy 
I —adj. sufficiently i 

It will be enough for nie=c«Jt^ i 

You know well enough i 

Enounce ) v. t. to utter ; to 

proclaim C’*rt^*T1 i 

Enow ( ) adv. just now vii^ irtil i 

En passant ( ) adv. by the way 

lilt I 

Enquire f ) see Inquire. 

Enrage ' ( ) v, t. to make angry 

C15T«T, cwt5J5'( I Enragemcnt n. 

C^tn I 

Enrapture ». to transport 

with delight iiti 3js^, f^l9t 

I Enraptured p, adj. delighted l 

Enrich ( ) i,. /. to make rich, to adorn 

to fertilise qs^, >ft¥?1 

^ I * Enrichment n. iRtttl ^* 1 , ; 

that which enriches «(5?, >T»prf% i 

Enrol or Enroll (vu'sr^j^) v. t. to register, 
to enlist qt;?, 

vfsr\ I Enrolment n. 

«f^1 I 

En route ( ) on the road qt'firs qtHtF i 

Enscoi^e ( ) ». t. to protect with 

earth work, to hide safely qtfqi 

qsq I 

Enshrine ( ) y. t, to enclose in a 

shrine, to cherish qr?, C^rcqcq 

'HWS qtq, ^cm*m»ltqr q t 

Enshroud ( 'S'sf'SrttJtsr ) p, t. to cover up vg •R'® 
qncntq fk irffv q i 

Ensiform ( \i|5[fkiN ) adj. cartiflage 


Ensign a sign, the national 

flag, a badge qqwi, *r5tnsi, cqi^qs 

/ Eiisigii-betrer=*fTfqrfqtq*t, ^FtsTqtf^ i 

Fjislltgc ( ) n. a mode of preserving 

green fodder in pits c#&1 
^1% c^ftqi fqqq I 

Enslave ( va’q-dW®" ) v. t. to deprive of liberty, 
to subject to qnfl qiq, q»T q»^ | Enslavement 
n. slavery, bondage C’lt^ll^, I 

Ensnare ( ) v. t. to entrap, to catch 

in a snare qst»*r^ i 

Ensue ( ) v. i. to come after ; to 

result ( with from ) ^iq q, 
q| I 

Ensure ( ) p, t. to make sure fq*5^ 

qt&ttbqf c^tql i ( see Insure ). 

Entablature ( ) n. an architec- 

tural design above the columns 
*[^tq ^*R? qjqi i 

Entail ( ) v. t. to settle an estate 

on successive heirs 

^qtt^ tftq qsq ; to bring 

on, to produce as a consequence 

I It will entail heavy expenditure— 
t?rt^ qi?v nfqq i Entailment n. >r^f^ 
W qifqq cqtqtqi I 

Entangle ( viiq-ct^g^ ) v, t. to involve, to make 
intricate, to ensnare C^iq^ql, 

q^t*»n5 cn»I1 I Entanglement n. intricacy, 
perplexity “^tqs, >ttC9r1q, fq^^iR, 

>rqr& i 

Entente cordiale ( ^rr&&-qsffeciT5T ) ti. friendly 
understanding between stales cqtcqi 
cq^tcqi qt^qq f^^q^ fqc*iq >i^q qi 


Enter ( lU’^tq ) v. i. to go or come in 

'£f:q»r qsq, qi i —v. t. to join, to 

engage in Of, ,* to enrol qrq, qtil 
9r^1 ; to begin 'Bllq^ ^q ; to put into 

q^q I To enter a protest— 
®^qtq qsq i To enter into = to become 
a party to, to engage in cqt^ C?, 

To enter on or upon = to begin 
^q¥ qsq, \ i He entered upon liis 
ninth yeiir=C 5 ^q q qqq i To enter 
appearance=^qtfwq q, q i 


[ 254 ] 


Enteric ( ) adj. of or pertaining 

to the intestines 

Enterprise ( ) «. a bold under- 
taking ; an adventure 

C^1 ; I 

Enterprising ( ) adj. adventurous 

Entertain ( til^tsrdJJT ) v. t. to treat hospit- 
ably ^t«r, ; 

to amuse ; to maintain 

^5? ; to cherish if?m ^tfV «f, 

I Entertaining adj amusing 

Entertainment ( ) n. a banquet 

C®t«F, ; an amusement 

C«Rtf% ; appointment 
I Entertainment of a substitute in one's 
place —vii'aps^^ i 

Enthral ( ) v. t. to enslave i 

Enthralment «. slavery i 

Enthrone ( ) v. t. place on a' throne 

nr®, f^’N^t^rsf® ^irti i 

Enthronement «. ^W1 n®1 ?Ptsr, i 

Enthusiasm ( ) n. ardent zeal 

Enthusiast ( ) n. one full of 

enthusiasm i Enthusiastic, — al 

adj. zealous, ardent 

Entice ( v. i. to incite, to induce 

CW I Enticement n. induce- 
ment, allurement i 

Entire ( ) adj. an unbroken whole, 

complete ^4, ®ta^, ; 

not castrated, as of a horse 
ntil ( C^t^1 ) I — the whole csrtc^l 
Rf^ ; a stallion nt4l C^t^1 f Entirely adv. 

Entirety ( ) or Entirencss n. the 
whole ^"«;j4®i, ^sRHTi ; 


Entitle V. t. to style 5rr*r 

C? ; to give a claim to f, 

5 I 

Entity ( va1^>6t ) n. existence ; a real 

substance ^ f 

Entomb ( to bury C^, 

ent® I 

Entomology ( ) n. the science of 

insects c*Tt^ f^ast^T I Entomologist n. 

Entourage ( ) n. followers »I1- 


Entozoa ( ) n. {pi.) animals that 

live inside some other animals ^Sf 
C’i^® c?t?1 f I 

Entrails ( ) n. (pi.) the internal 

parts of an animal, intestines 

cn^ I 

Entrammel ( ) v. t. 


Entrance ( ) n. act of entering 

; power of entering 

«rf«r^t^ ; the place for entering 
^1^, n^fir ; the 

beginning I The Entrance Examina- 

tion —matriculation 

( L. intrare — to enter ). 

Entrance ( ) v. t. to fill with ex- 

cessive joy ^9f® 

I Entranceroent n. stv® CftTl 

I Entrancing pa, adj. charming 


Entrap ( ) v. t. to ensnare, to catch 

in a trap trfflr® Cn^, Wt^® IR, 

I Entrapment n. 

Entreat ( ) v. t. to beseech, to 

supplicate <at*^5l1 I 

Entreatment «. f 

Entreaty ( ) w. earnest- prayer ^t^f®, 

Entree ( ) n. admittance 


[ 255 ] 

; a prelude in music ; a 

formal entry ; a made-dish 

c^ftrfJirtsr fJrwtl f^n \ 

Entrench ( ) or Intrench v. t. to 

fortify with a trench around 

I Entrenchment n. a ditch 
and a parapet made as protection against an 
enemy «ilt« t 

Entropy ( ) n. {In physics) the amount 

of thermal energy that can be utilised 
for mechanical work 

Entrust ( ) or Intrust v. t. to commit 

to the care of ^51, C? ; 


Entry ( the act of entering ; 

a passage ; 

item wiitlen f?bt^, W1 W, W1 I 

Entry-money i Port of entry 

( see Port ). 

Entwine ( j t- to interlace CW, 
¥1^, I 

Entwist ( ) V. t. to twist round C^t53|, 

n^ l I 

Enumerate ( ) v. t. to count the 

number of W<, i 

Enumeration n. act of numbering 

^.^•i I Enumerator n. one who enu- 
merates I 

Enunciate ( ) v. t. to stale, to prono- 
unce disliir tly i 

Enunciation ( ) it. a distinct state- 

ment, utterance of vvoids C^'tC^tUl ^4^1 1 , 
nti, ^3, I 

Envelop ( ) d, /. to cover on all sides 

by wra’ijping 

Envelope ( ) ti. that which w^arps 

or covers srt*f, c^lCipJpl I Enveloi)roent 

n. covering on all sides l 


Envenom ( <ii»TC’551sf ) v. t. to infuse venom into 
C^, I 

Enviable ( ) adj. that may excite 
envy ; desirable I 

Envious ( ) adJ. feeling envy f«r?ri?l?1, 

r^“N>Tl^4^?n I Enviousness 

n. ^'1 I 

Environ ( ) n. t. to surround 
to invest C^f% i 

Environs ( ) n. ( pi. ) places 
that lie around a city, neighbourhood 

Environment n. surrounding, influence 
cxciciscd by the neighbourhood 

Envoy ( ) n. a messenger to a foreign 

country ^fgp i 

Iliivv ( 'iiJtf'5 ) V. I. to grieve at the prosperity 
of others I —n. grief at 

the sight of another’s prosperity 
C^n, i>^^1 o«i I —pr. p. En- 

vying ; ( Pa. t. and Va. p. Envied ). 

Enwrap ( vsi’?T-C^»f~ ) v. t. to wraj, up. to per- 
plex C^^1, I 

Epaulet, Epaulette ( ; ;?. a badge >\’o:‘n 

by a military or naval oiTiccr 

Ephemera ( ) n. an insect that 

lives a short time only ^-1%, ST^1 


Ephemeral ( ) adj. shortlived, 

lasting for a day only 

Epic ( fuij. ca>iilainlng hcr<.>l<- n.uiaiion 

in poetry >rs51t^ >1^^^ I —n. 

a hc'roie ■jioeiii 

) I 'Ihc epic uget. 

Epicentre • ) n. ai ca of lie- earth's 

surface immediately above ilic ca.-uirc of 


I 256 ] 


origin of an earthquake 

Epicurean ( ) adj. pertaining 
to the Greek philosoper Epicurus ^5 

; given to 

luxury I — n. CSlW^Tm C^lt^ I 

Epicureanism n. l 

Epidemic, — al ( ) adj. affecting many 

at a time ; general 

I Epidemic n. prevailing 

disease ’Tt^, 

C^5f I y\’<9P^ I 

Epidemiology ( ) n. 

f^wt^r I 

Epidermis ( 4ir*n5lfa57 ) n. the cuticle or scarf- 
skin I 

Epiglottis ( ) n. the cortilage at the 

root of the tongue 

Epigone n. i 

Epigram ( vnf^r^arsr ) «. a short poem on one 
subject C^tC^I 5T¥ n?<:[r«f ; a con- 

cise and pointed saying 
?F«f1 I Epigrammatic, — al adj. concise and 
pointed 1 

Epigraph ( ) n. an inscription on a 

building, a motto ^ W '6^^^ 

f^<n nii«5^ I 

Epilepsy ( ) n. a disease accom- 

panied by convulsive seizures 

5WIt^ CTfiT I 

Epileptic ( (Urnrsin^f ) n. an epileptic 
patient » —adj. 


Epilogue ( ) n. a concluding speech 

^<n, (p*r^ I Epilogic or Epilo- 
gistic adj. 

Epiphany ( ) n. the manifefstation 

of Christ aTl^ 


Episcopacy ( ) n. the Government 

of the church by bishops ’I'TO 

I Episcopal adj. belonging 

to the bishops I 

Episode ( ) n. an interesting story or 
event in a narrative 

^sn I Episodal, Episodic adj. i 

Epistle n. a letter *fa[, fi»fe 


Epistolary ( ) adj. consisting of or 

pertaining to letters i 

Epitaph ( inf^f-C^tP" ) n. an inscription on a 
monument *^11% 

f^fir^ ^«ri I 

Epithem ( ) «. a soft medical appli- 

cation viis ^51 ^1 

Epithet ( ) n. a title, an expression 
denoting certain quality 
•rf5} I Epithetic adj. 

Epitome ( »af^''S[ ) n. an abridgement as of 
a book mfwfl yfU, I 

Epitomise ( ) v. t. to abridge, to 
condense i 

Epizoon ( ) «. an external parasitic 

animal i pi Epizoa. 

Epizootic ( ) adj. diseases prevalent 
among animals, corresponding to epide- 
mic among men CTf®f I 

( ) I 

Epoch ( ) n. a remarkable period of 

time C^vc^^ fkz^'^ »f^ I Epoch- 

making = capable of making a new era 

I To make or mark an epoch=: 
•T^ W ; to begin an era 

53? I 

Epodc ( ) n. a kind of lyric poem 



[ 257 ] 


Epopee ( ) n. epic poem i 

Epos ( ) n. the elementary stage of epic 

poetry I 

Epsom ( ) ft. ; salt C^t*t t 

Equable ( ) adj. equal and uniform, 

not variable ; of even tem- 

l)ci I Equability, equableness n. 

uniformity Tfsj'j'l, i 

Equal ( ) adj. of the same value, iden- 
tical, uniform, fit ^'STT, 

; just fe>, ; adequate I 

— n. one o the same rank or age 

I — V. t. to make equal to i 

Equal to Ihe occasion i 

Equality ( ) n. sameness 


Equalise ( ) v. t. to make equal 

535)1^? ^5? I Equali- 
sation n. I 

Equally adv. in the same degree or pro- 
portion I 

Equanimity ( ) n. evenness of 

mind or temper i 

Equation ( ) ti. reduction to a mean 

proportion, the act of making equal 

I Personal equation= 

Equatorg ) n. a great circle dividing 

the lobe into northern and southern 

hemispheres C^«n, 

c^«n I 

Equatorial ( ) adj. ■j:)crtaining to 

the equator 

C^«11 I — n. an astronomical instru- 
ment I 

Equerry ( ) n. an official in the 

royal household who has the care of horses 

Equestrian ( ) udj. pertaining to 

horses or horsemanship 

I —n. C»lt^ 

( ) I 


I EquI ( ) «. a prefix meaning equal 5TSl1»T 

j I 

I Equiangular ( ) adj. of equal 

angles i 

Equidistance ( ) n. equal distance 

Equilateral ( tf ) adj. having all 

sides equal l 

Equilibration ( ^-fV-^-f^-C^-’>SSi[ ) n. equipoise 
•s^xm 'euR, I 

Equilibrium ( ) n. equility of 

force or weight ^ ; level 

position C^tC^tiTI 

>i^rr5? I 

Equine ( ), Equinal adj. pertaining to 

horses I Equinii: ( ) n. 

horse-pox I 

Equinox n. the time when the 

days and nights are of equal length 

c^«n c9.i?n 

:t's ) I 

Equinoctial ( ) adj. pei taining 

to the equinoxes >3^1 ^1^3 I 

— Ti. the celestial equator I 

Equip ( ) V. t. to furnish with every- 

thing needed for any work 
cin-^1 c’T, ^Va cw, 

^^■5 C*r, Wl I 

Equipage ( ) n. furniture, a carriage 

and attendants '53t5^?3, ’53lt^5lTntf^, 

I Equipment n. outfit ^^«I, 

Equipoise ( ) z’- ^ to counter- 
balance >353t»3 I — n. equality of 

weight or force >353R I 

Equitable ( j adj. impartial, 

fair, showing equity ^t^3, 

I Equitableness n. 

Equity ( ) n. moral justice, fairness 


Equity of redemption 


[ 258 1 



f Court of equity =v£n:^5rt(:^t 
f^5t5T ?T^f^ 

T^^ftTs vnt^^ I 

Equivalent ( ) adj. equal in value, 

worth, meaning etc. ^5}t^ ^1 

i — n. a thing equivalent 

?TsrijyTT i 

Equivocal ( t-f ) adj. of doubtful 

meaning, ambiguous ; susi)irioiis 

Equivocate ( ) v. t. to speak 

ambiguously with a vie-w to mislead 


^^t?l ^ I Equivoke, Equivoque n. equi- 
vocation ^t5l% ; a quibble 

^«n, CtfT^t^ C^»lt^ ^«I1 ( 

Era ( ) n. a period of time from which 

a scries of years is reckoned *1^, b^, 

»RJt^ I 

Eradiate ( ) v. i. to shoot, out as 

rays of light Nsr^ft^urff i Eradia- 
tion n. I 

Eradicate ( ) v. t. to uproot, to 

extirpate >T^r»r 5?1*r 

I Eradicated adj. i Eradica- 

tion n. act of pulling up by tlie roots 

Erase ( ) v. t. to sciape out Slfb C^^i, 

I Eraser n. one who or that whicli 



Erasure ( ) n. act of nil)bijig‘ out 

; the ])Iace vxhicli lias hern nib- 
bed out Cbtbl C^t^'^1 tst'Jf, 


Ere ( il)?~ ) adv. ov pre/). before, sooner 
than i Erelong adv. 

soon I Erenow' adv. 

before tliis time ^IZ^nz^ I 

Erew'hiie adv. some time before 

Erebus ( ) n. the lower world, hell 


Erect ( ^-C^’% ) v. t. to set, upright, to raise, 
to build Tm ^5l1, >ltW, I 

—adj. upright f^TI, I Erection n. a 

setting upright act of building a struc- 
ture y\iw^, ^31 I 

Eremite ( ) n. a hermit, a recluse 

Erg ( ) n. the unit of work done by 

a force which acting upon a mass 
produces a certain velocity ^3^ 

t^f^sr I (Gr. ergon 

= work ). 

Ergo ( ) adv. therefore I 

Ergot ( ) n. a disease of certain plants 

and grasses I 

Ermine ( ) n. a species of animal or 

its fur uEif^n 

dSt^ C^1?I I 

Erode ( ) v. t. to eat away ’iPTi 

^1^3? ) I 

Erosion ( ) «. act of eating aw^ay 

Erosion of a river l 

Eros ( ) n. i 

Erotic ( il’3t-^-f5^ ) adj. amatory 
C5l5I1>i^ » 

Err ( ) V. t. to go astray, to mistake 

1 ^, Rnflt^r-Tl ?53^ I To err on the side 

of liberality not to be too )il)cral ^^i>1- 
b^«] t 

Errand ( 'iiC3?['Q ) n. a message, a commission 
to do somelliing >f>|tbt^, 

ca^*l I To go an 
errand f®! i To make an errand = 

c^ir^n ^ \ A fool’s 

errand-^ ^t»r, 35^1^1 i 

Errant ( ) adj. wandering, roving 

f^tfn I Errantry 

n. a wandering stale i 


[ 259 3 

Erratic ( ) n. a wanderer i 

— al adj. C5ttC?l3l, ; wandei iiig, 

irregular l 

Erratum ( ) ( pi ) Errata n. an error in 

writing ^«f1 ; a list of errors in a 

book I 

Erroneous ( ) adj. erring, wrong, 

Ci^ I 

Error ( ) n. mistake, blunder, fault ^«T, 

JStr«. CTm I 

Erstwhile ( ) adv. formerly 


Eructate ( ) v. t. to l)e!ch out "HU ! 

Eructation n. a violent ejection of wind 

Erudite ( ) adj. learned i 

—n. C^t^, CS'i'tiip I 

Erudition ( ) u. knowledge gained by 

study, learning i 

Eruption ( ) n. a bursting forth, a 

breaking out of poslulcs on the skin 

3f«i ^1 I Volcanic criiption== 

'5rtctrr«u*tt^ i 

Eruptive ( f<T*f;f5'5' ) adj. bursting out 
vQ^artsi I 

Erysipelas ( ) n. a disease in tlie 

face marked by redness of tlic skin 

Escalade ( ) n. the act of mount- 

ing the walls of a fortress by means of 
ladders W^»!1 f? i —v. 1. to 

scale the walls of a fortress 

♦it^ 5 I 

Escape ( ) V. t. to free from, to 

evade by flight >T1^, ii<1, 

^T\^ ; to issue l —u. i. to 

become free, to flee nsTll ’fb, 

I —n. act of escaping 
I Escapees ( tc^fnw ) n. 


(/>/.) iJcrsons evading confinement 

Escapade ( ) n. an escape ; a 

mischievous freak 

1 Escape clause 

^t«fT 5^ I 

Escapement ( ) n. means of es- 
cape ; a contrivance in the time- 

piece allowing the tooth of a wheel to 
escape at each vibiation tj)$1 


I Escape value n. a value in a boiler 
to let the steam escai^c 

Escarp ( ) or Escarpment n. a steep 

slope Tl 

-T-t^ I 

Escheat ( ) fi. forfeiture of land for 

want of an heir 

Cf1?1 ^Ili5 I — V. t. or V. i. to confiscate, to fall 
to the lord of the estate 
F^tf^ I 

Eschew ( ) V. t. to shun ^?r, 4ifk 

CW ; to flee from ♦fsyt I 
Escort ( <11^6 ) n. a guard, an attendant 

I —V. t. to 

attend as a guard I 

Esculapian ( i3F;-f^^-Coi-fn:?IST ) adj. rela- 
ting to the art of healing I 

EscuIapius~God of medicine 

Esculent ( ) adj. c^atable, fit 

to be used by man as food 
C^t?l I 

Escutcheon ( ) n. a family shield or coat 

of arms l A 

blot on the escutcheon i 

Esophagus ( ) ;?. the gullet 


Esoteric ( ) adj. inner, secret 9^^, 
Especial ( ^a’F-C’IC’Sf*! ) adj. special, principal, 


[ 260 ] 


particular i 

adj. particuUrly i 

Esperanto ( ) n. an artificial 

language designed as a medium for all 
races fto i 

Espionage ( ) practice of employ- 
ing spies C6l^t<t CSl?l3f 


Esplanade ( ) n. an open space 

before a citadel ; 

any level space for wall'ing 

Espouse ( ) V. i. to give in marriage, 

to wed f^?1 C^, ; to embrace, as a 

cause W'O 


Espousal ( ) n. act of espousing f^Tl1 
I ( ^/. ) a mairiage contract 

Espirit de corps ( ) n. regard 

for the character of the party to which 
one belongs 'ot^T, 


Esprit fort ( ) n. siiong-mindcd 

person i 

Espy ( ) v. t. to see at a distance, to 

observe, to watch 
?R, I Espial n. 

Esquire ( ) n. a landed proprietor 

; a title of dignity or of courtesy 

Essay n. a trial C5^1, •fjfl’ipl ; a 

written composition -a?llF i — v. t. to 

iry, to make experiment of C5^1 
^1, I Essayist n 


Esse ( v£if 5 ) n, actual existence 
>r5l I In esse~f^Jirilt5l i 

Essence ( ) n. the inner nature of a thing 

^t5*T ; the extracted virtues 

of any drug ^^5 ; a perfume C^lw 

C^»I, I 

Essential ( ) ^4i- higWy necessary, 

indispensable ; 

highly rectified • — «• 

something indi^pcnsable, a leading 


I l/^sentiality ri. 

tBiy I 

Establish ( ) v. t. to settle, to fix, to set up 

^ nt^ ; to prove a point 

^8(1 if sit *1 I 

Established adj. fixed, instituted by law 
^aist I 

Establishment n. fixed stale 

; a place of residence or business 
; ofi'icers connected with an 
establishment ^et, ; 

^tsiR5Itfl1 I 

Estaniinet ( } n. a cafe i 

Estate ( ) n. condition ; landed 

property j 

fortune | ( pi ) dominions i 

The estate of the realm 

Esteem ( ) v. t. to value, to regard with 


AiA ; to consider, to think c^T*( 

^ i — ri. high regard, high esti- 
mation Htsi, '51'f'r^, af^l I 

Esteemed adj. respected » 

Estimate ( } v. t. to calculate, to set 

a value on %•{, i — 

reputation ^“1^1, ; a valuing in the 

mind 'sit^tW, i Estimable 

adj. worthy of esteem Vl'FflW 


Estimation ( v£if%c^l’rr ) n. act of estimating 

^3t*l, 51^1 «!ti»isi ; 

conjecture esteem, honour I 

Esthetic sec Aecthetic. 

Estop ( ui^n: ) V. t. to stop *nwi ^t<fl mi i 
Estoppel ( ) n. a conclusive 


261 ] 


evidence which cannot be denied 
; the stale of being estopped 

; {legal) the being precluded 
from an action by previous acts of one’s ! 
own c^t^l I 

I Estoppage ?i. i 

Estrange ( ) v. t. to alienate in feel- ■ 

ing ■4><, 51^4 [5!| 

'^* 31 ! 1 

Estray ( j n. a beast wandering or lost 
I ( see. Astray ). 

Estreat ( ) «. a true extract, copy 

£tf%fa^fh I 

Estuary ( ) n. a wide lower part of a 

river when it meets the sea 


Et cetera ( >£i^ ) usually written etc. or 

&(;. = nnd so on i 

Etch ( 1565' ) r;. t. or v. {. to make designs 
on metal or glass with nitric acid by i 
drawing lines through wax | 

^rt% I Etching n. i 

the an of engraving ! 

1 I 

Eternal ( ) adj. having no end or 1 

begining, everlasting, ceaseless 
^^5^, 1 The Eternal i 

Eternity ( ) n. eternal duration 

; the time after death i The 

eternities he eternal trutli 

Eternise ( v. t. immortalise ^51^ 

Etesian adj. periodical i 

Ether ( ) n. the subtle fluid supposed to 
pervade all space ^ 1 ?| 5 t»T, 

'Stn I 

Ethereal ( ) adj. consisting of ether, 
heavenly I 

Ethics ( ) n. ( pi. ) the science of morals 

I Ethic or Ethical adj. relating to 
morals i 

Ethiopian ( Ethiopic adj. pertaining 

to Ethiopia, the countries south of Egypt 

Etlmic, — al ( ) adj. concerning races 

> — ;i. a heathen 

C^t^r: I 

Ethnography ( ) n. scientific des- 

crii)tion of the races of the earth «tf^- 
lit® I Ethnographic adj. 

Ethnology ( ) n. the science that 

treats of the varietise of the human race 
I Ethnological adj. 

^ 7 lf% I 

Ethology ( ) n. the science of the 

formation of character f?t53t^ 1 

Etiology ( ) n. the science treating of 

the origin and causes of a disease 
f^?r«R I 

Etiquette ( ; n. forms of ceremony tsjj 

; the unwritten la\vs of 
courtesy I 

Etymology ( ) n. the investigMion of 

the origin and history of words 

I Etymologist n. one skilled 
in etymology 1 

Eucharist ( )/?. the sacrament of the 

Lord’s suppci- t 

Eugenics ( ( pi . ) the science 

of race culture 

Eulogist ( ) n. one who praises 

anotlirr i 

Eulogium ( ) n. praise, commenda- 
tion 2t»Tt>l1, 1 

Eulogise ( ) V. t. to praise, to speak 

well of ant^i 'Q*i i 

Eulogy ( } n. a speaking well of 'Q*i- 

I Eulogic adj. containing 
praise c^U^, i Eulogistic 


Eunuch ( ) n. a castrated man 

»rt|*l I 


[ 262 J 


Eupepsy ( ) n. good digestion ( oppo- 
site to Dyspepsia ) i 

Euphemism ( ) n. milder descrip- 

tion of an offensive or unpleasant thing 


Euphony ( ) n. an agreeable sound 

V?, ^9 I Euphonic, — al 

adj. agreeable in sound 

Euphoria fi. yr«r ^B51 i 

Euphuism ( ) n. an affected or arti- 
ficial style of language i 

Eurasian ( n. one born of a 

European and Asiatic parents 
C»lt«P ; 

c^tn 1 

Eureka ( ) int. v. ) i 

European ( ) n. a native of Europe 

I — adj. belonging to Europe 

Euthanasia ( ) n. a mode of death 

free from all anxieties as if in sleep 
c^tnf^ a«fi t 

Evacuate ( ) v. t. to make empty, to 
discharge ; to withdraw 

from vilf^N ufb' ^1, ^Tt^f I 

Evacuee ( ) n. pi. person who 

removes from his nativ'c land ; troojxs 

who withdraAV from a certain place for 

safety ^t^ait^l 

; c»r»it«^ C5t?il ^1^5 I 

Evacuation ( ) n. act of emptying 

out ; withdrawing fiom '69itt 


Evade ( ) v. t. to avoid, to baffle 

irt?, >rt<, I 

Evaluate ( ) v. t. tg[vty f^ct^ 


Evanescent ( ) adj. fleeting ; 

vanishing JPCIT C^ltn i Evane- 
scence fi. I 

Evangelical ( ) adj. of or per- 

taining to the gospel iTl®!? 

Evangelist ( ) «. one of the four 
writers of the gospel, a preacher 

I Evangelise v. t: 
to make kno^v the gospel 
5J&1? I 

Evaporate ( ) v. i. to fly off in vapour 

*11, '6»11 ; to vanish C*1tn 

*11 t 

Evaporation ( ) n. act of passing off in 

steam or gas ^1 I 

Evaporator ^2T, ^^?[1 i 

Evasion ( ) n. act of cv^ading, an at- 
tempt to escape an acc usalion C*ft^ 

^<tt*5t9T a^l, I 

Evasive ( ) adj. not straightforward 

Eve ( ^6; ) n. evening *1^}1 ; the time 

preceding an event 

aitB *=f*I*l 1 On the eve of his 

departure =C'^^ C*ri^(t? tS?P i ( also 

Even ). 

Even ( )adj. flat, level ; smooth 

1 Even number— 

f^f^C>l1?l1 'Cli^ I An even temper—^ i 

To be even with=cTO ’ll, C®t»l, 

C'Srf<jt$-c^t»fll ^ ) 

Even ( ) adj. likewise, indeed 

"511^ r«P, ; still ®as1^ i Even- 

handed just I 

Evening ( ) the cLose of the day time, 

the end of life 

^t«t I Evening par- 

C>f^1 *11 I Evening-dress 

f*i%) c*n5t*ts I ( 

ht, ^*R1 ^1^: 

c«r"t®i ) > 

Event ( ) n. that which happens, any 

occurrence, issue, result 


t 263 J 


^f5f<rt5i I Eventful i At all events 

= in any case C^t 


Eventual ( ) adj. consequential, 

final C^1?I1, I In 

the event of=?lf? ‘ Eventu- 

ally adv. finally, at length 


Ever ( <11 ’'5t? ) adv. always, at any time 

Tf-PCsil I Ever- 
more = unceasingly I Ever and 

anon = now and then < 

Ever so=f?l5itC5lt i For cver^fs^^T^IST, 

I Evergreen ?i. a plant that remains 
always green <>t1^ C^51 

^5 I Everlasting adj. lasting for ever, 
endless, eternal 

I The ever- 
lasting I Did you ever go^^fil 

Every ( <ii^;f^ ) adj. each of a number 

C^, I Everyday-^ every person 

I Everyday 

I Everywhere \ Every 
now and then=at intervals vrtrw 

I Every other day = 
every alternate clay viifwst <ilf^»t I 

Evict ( ) r. t. to dispossess by judicial 

process, to expel from 
C*r ?1 I Eviction n. 

Evidence ( <ll’f®r®^ ) v. that which proves a 
fact ; a witness i Oral 

evidence- i Cir- 
cumstantial evidence -^^1^ i 

Written evidence i 

Evident ) adj. that ran l)c seen, 

obvious I Evidential 

adj. afTording evidence a^t«T^f-rf I 

Evil ( ) adj. iniscliievous, wicked 

"511*1^^1, t —adj. 

badly i — n. harm, wickedness, 

sin Pin'f, ntn I Evil- 
doer I Evll-eye=a supposed 

power to cause evil by the look of the 
eye I Evil-minded = malicious 

i The evil one = the devil 

Wtb I Speak evil of=to slander 
; In an evil hour=m 
an unfortunate moment i 

Evince (ilf^stb") v. t. to prove clearly, to 
show C?![?n, vSfJTrt»r ^ I 

Evincement n. 

Evirate ( ) v. t. to castrate ; 

C^t^f ; to deprive of manly 
qualities ( L, ^. = out ; j:;ir. = aman). 

Evoke ( ii’«^ ) V. t. to call forth, to bring 
forth I ( L. «. = out ; 

vocare=^to call ). 

Evolution ( ) n. the act of unfold- 

ing, gradual development from a lower 
to a higher state of life ajiTqf^^1»[, 
3?C^ftS[f« ; ( I (/>/.) 

movement of troops or warships 
Ffai^ll I 

Evolutionary ndj. pertaining to evolution 
I Evolutionist n. 

; <11^ 2i^u ^ ^^4 n4l 
h 441 ^r54 i 

Evolve ( ) r. t. to disclose, to unravel 

®4P"T 4^4, ^f^4l I — V. i. to disclose itself 
a44t»r 4, 4tf^4 Tf I 

Evulsion ( ) n. act of plucking out 

«itr<5f't4, I 

Ewe ( ) ri. a female sheep '5lt^4?[ 


Ewer ( l4t4 ) n. a large jug to hold water 
4^31 ^r«ft4 ^1^4 cirtn ♦It®, I 

Ex ( <11’^: ) adj. late ( as, An ex tea garden 
coolie-- 41 f^^t4 ^41 51151 

), «l1'5T4, al^^ I 

Exacerbate ( <a’^4F^<«bl4-C4| ) v. t. to provoke, 
to render more violent C4f5 454, 

C45lt4 &14 4R, fflr45tr<T^ 454 I 


[ 264 

Exacerbation ( ) n. cmbitier- 

ment, incixased violence 

Exact ( ) v. t. to lOrcc from, to 

extort, to demand ®T, 

Exact ( ) adj. prec’ise, regular 

; true I 

Exactly adv. / 

Exaction n. an oppressive demand 

Exacting p. n. compelling full payment ^^1 

Exactitude ( v£i^i^«r"-J3% ) n. exactness 

Exaggerate ( ) v. t to .magnify 

unduly ^Fl, 

^4 I 

Exaggeration ( ; n a state- 

ment in excess of the truth 
^9ft I 

Exaggerative adj. ^C?1?l1 i 

Exalt ( <i3’vfs^;;-t5i^ ) v. t. lo elevate, to fill 
with excessive joy, to extol «f K ^1, 

Exaltation ti. elevation in rank or dignity 
i Exalted adj. lofty 

Examine ( ) v. t. (o test, to ins- 
pect, to question 's\m\ 

51, ^W, 5?at9I !(■<< I 

Examination n. trial, careful enquiry 


Examinee n. one who is examined ; 

qfi^1 I 

Examiner n. one who examines 
qjfl’^1 I 

Example ( ; //. a pattern, an 

instance 'Sl^^ l 

For example=^«n i 

Exasperate ( ; e. t. to make 

] Exceptional 

very angry *<(*n 


Exasperation n. provocation, rage c^PK, C^-lq, 
q*N 'E|?l’?1 I 

Excavate ( ) v. t. to dig out, to 

make hollow ap??, l 

Excavation ?l ait of excavating, a liollow or 
cavity made by culling or digging 
«f(»I I 

Exceed ( »ii’3f'f5'5 ) v. t. or v. i. to surpass to 
excel ?, C3S^ ?, C5^ cqsi'l ; to go beyond 

Exceeding p. adj. surpassing 
b1^ I 

Exceedingly adv. grcaily, very much 

Excel ( ) V. t. or V. i. to surpas.s, 

lo c.xeced C2li !i, C5'<cqq1, 5^11 ^ 1 

( pa. p. 12xcelling ; p. p. Excelled ). 

Excellence, Excellency ( ) tn worth, 

greatness ; a title 

of honour yiS?!?! ^qif*} I Your 

Excellency- - C5 ! C? i 

Excellent ( i adj. of great virtue 

or worth, .superior 
cari, ^qic'T^i i 

Except ( i v. t. to leave out, to 

exclude <}1w cqail, 5?»f4 i —prep, not 

including, leaving out 
C5^t^ 1 

Excepting prep- ui'li the c.aaquion of 

Exception ( JQf-C^q^d j «• exclusion 
fjjj'if ; o^ijecium, oficnce 

lo ( 

like an exception to—^itqf^ 



object ional)le ^1qf% I 




'srl^nq, / Exceptionally adi>. in an 

exce-pti anal manner 


[ 265 ] 


Excerpt ( vii’f-sMJ ) n. an extract 

♦TTI cwt»n C&tnr| I — y. t. to 

select ^ I 

Excess ( ) n. more than enough 

; that which exceeds C^f?, 

; surplus ; intemperance 

I Excess fare == Extra fare 
for travelling without ticket in any class 

Excessive adj. immoderate, violent 

; exceeding just limit 


Excessively adv. immodertaely 

Exchange ( vH^R'-cs’if ) v. t. to give one 
thing for another ; to give and 

take mutually Wl ( as 

rupees for pices). — n. barter, tlic thing 
exchanged ; 

difference between the local value of 

money ; the 

building where the merchants meet for 
business 5T*Tt^(4^ I Exchange 

compensation allowance 

Exchangeable ( ) adj. that may 

be exchanged I 

Exchequer ( n. a division of 
the superior court of justice ^tt- 

; the public treasury 

Excisable ( ) adj. liable to 

excise duty »rtp[ »TC^Tt5l t 

Excise ( ) n. a duty on certain 
home commodities ; the de- 

partment which administers the levy of 
taxes '5rtq^t4*t 1 Exciseman n. an 

officer who collects the excise 
srtf»T I ( L. ad.^io ; censtts 

—to tax ) 


Excise ( ) v. t. to cut off 
C*T®ri I ( L. JE'x=out ; coedere—io cut ) 
Excision ( ) n. a cutting off, extir- 
pation c^TT, ^^*1 I 

Excitable ( ) adj. easily exci- 
ted I 

Excitant ( ) n. a stimulant 
5 qt^?tei I Excitement n. 

that which excites, agitation 
^9*51, I 

Excite ( ) V. t. to stir up, to 

irritate, to rouse 
C^t«T I 

Exclaim ( ) y. i. to cry out ^#tf 

ntf^ fFiP? 1 

Exclamation n. an out-cry 

^^1 5p«l1, C’ICJT I the 

mark ( ! ) 

( 1)1 Exclamatory adj. expressing 
exclamation l 

Exclave ( ) n. a, part of a country 

separated from the main part ac*f*f 

I appo. to Enclave. 

Exclude ( ) V. t. to shut out, to 

hinder from entrance ^tsf C^, 

c^»r I 

Exclusion ( ) n. a shutting out, 

ejection ^IW 

Exclusive ( ) adj. tending to 

exclude ; not including 

; sole I He 

has exclusive rights 

I Exclusive of cost=^F f 
Exclusively adv. R, 1 

— Jurisdiction 1 
Excogitate ( ) v. t. to think 

out I Excogi- 

tation n. invention, contrivance 

^f8T'6?n ^ 1 ^ 1 , I 

Excommunicate ( ) v. t. to 
exclude from communication 


[ 266 j 


5^, ?t®f m I Ex- 
communication n. act of expelling from 

the communion of a church 

^1%'5 I 

Excoriate ( ) v. t. m strip the 
skin from ft»t I 

Excrement ( ) n. matter dis- 

charged from the animal system, dung 
f^Al, I Excrcmental afij. i 

Excrescence ( ) n. that which 

grows out from anything else, a protu- 
berance I Ex-crescent 

adj. supcrliuous W i 

Excrete ( ) v. t. to eject, to dis-charge 

Excreta, Excretes v. (pi.) matters discharged 
from the animal system f^^1, 5}»f, ^It'f I 

Excretion ( ) ?i. act of ejecting 

from the animal system, that which is 
excreted ^9!, i 

Excretory adj.^ having the power of excreting 
I — n. a duct to excrete matter ^js^- 
at 91 I 

Excruciate ( ) v. t. to torture, 

to pain 93t«I1 a, 9t5^Tl C?, *itf^ C? i Ex- 
cruciating adj. extrcmly painful, torturing 

Exculpate ( ) v. t. to clear 

from the char[\* of a crime, to absolve 

^9 I 

Exculpation v. Exculpatory adj. tending 
to free from the charge of a crime t:?t9 

Excursion ( ) n. a trip for health 

or pleasure, an expedition 5q5i«i, ; a 

digiession 95«(1, i 

Excursionist «. one who goes on a plea- 
sure trip st5T5r t 

Excursive ( ) adj. rambling 

^1 9^199 I 

Excuse ( ) V. t. to free from blame, 

to forgive 9t9, 9*9, 9t9 ; 

to release C9, <ilf9 C9 I — n. a plea 
««f9, 9Jt9«l ; an apology ilt9lat*^!n I 

Excusable adj. that may be excused 
^91 9Jf999 aNT I 

Execrable ( iii9tr5-C3j»99[ ) adj. detestable, 
accursed »lt'e C«rt9l I 

Execrate ( ) v. t. to course "ft's 

C^, 199 9^9 I Execration n. a curse 

pronounced, act of execrating ’3i1%*rt^, 


Execute ( ) v. t. carry into 

effect 9^9 ; to perform 9^^! 

; to give effect to the sentence 
of law 99 ; to put to death by law 
^ff5 C9, 99 I To Execute a 

decree 9^9 i To Execute a deed 

- ?T1 f«it9 :? I 

Execution ( ) n. carrying out ; 

art of performing ; completion 9^1 
^19191 ; carrying into effect the 
order of a law court '5T191«1159 ; 

infliction of capital punishment ’i^t^9 
nt«19, C9«9, «n'T‘f^ ; seizure of 

properties of debtor in default of pay- 
ment C3?t939l^ I 

Executioner ( vil’^f&-f9^-9f9T9“ ) n. one who 
inflicts capital punishment 

Executive ( ) adj. designed to 

execute 9rtl r9^ti^9, 9t^J9l^, 9t^nt9l9 I 
— n. the persons or the authority in 
Government that carries the laws into 
effect »It>T9 9r^t^1, »lt’R9 9rtl99 

9t^T f9^l9^ 9399r1 I 

Executor ( f9^^9;; ) n. orie that adminis- 
ters the will of a testator ^^9^9 

^^<99 >T"^% ^9199 9C^'r5l, 99^ I .( Fern. 
Executrix ). Executorship n. office of an 
executor ^t»I9 «9t99 9rtr^t9 *!9 I 

Executory adj. performing official duties 
9t^T9t^ I 

Exemplar ( ‘fl’^W-ifl9?rt93 ) n. a person or 


[ 267 ] 


thing to be imitated, an ideal, model 
5tC=Tflt I 

Exemplary ( ) adj. serving as 
a model C3^191, 

’8^’f I 

Exemplification u. illustration by example, a 
copy ^^fk, I 

Exemplify ( ) v. t. to illus- 
trate by example ; to 

prove by an attested copy f? 

mu I 

Exempt ( ) V. t. to free, (with 

from ) ^it^f C^y itf, (,^ I —aij. 

not liable to, freed ‘<l5f i 

Exemption ( ) n. state of being 

exempt, immunity 3ll3p, 


Exequies ( ) n. ( pf. ) funeral rites 

or profession ?PtW-*r^1, f3F?1, W 

C^t?1 1 

Exercise ( ) n. practice, exer- 

tion of the body for the sake of health 
^^rr>T, ; a lesson 

or task i — v. t. to put in practice, to 
use ; train U\^^y 


Exert ( ) v. t. to put in action ; 

to do or perform ^ CW, 

»tt^ I Exert oneself ~ strive to do 

Exertion ( ) ;n effort, attempt 


Exfoliate ( ) v. t. or v. i. to come 
of in scales w\9\ orfC^t^l 

1151 I — n. Exfoliation. 

Exhale ( ) V. t. to emit as vapour, to 

evaporate Cn'W C^U)y ^"It^ I 

—V. i, to rise as vapour «t*1 TTl, 

'e^ll I Exhalation n. evaporation passing 
off of vapour, steam «t»f cut^l ; C<l^?rl ^tW 

Exhaust ( <i|’irW7*^r^ ) v. t. to draw out the 

whole of, to wear out, to consume 
entirely ^1, C»f^ C^^ly 

; to tire out 

1 Exhaust-pipe — c*l"1^1 


Exhaustible that m ly be exhausted ^1 

^^1 I 

Exhausted p. adj. tired out ^1^, consu- 
med I 

Exhaustion ( ii'‘5TiF;-'5t5-->si;T i «. act of consum- 
ing Tf?! C*I^ ^^*1 ; extreme fatigue 

'sm, I 

Exhaustive adj. tending to exhaust C*f^ 
C^C»1191, ; comprehensive 

Exhibit ( ) V. t. to present to view, to 

display C?^?[1, a^1«I ; to present 

formally W\fk^ \ — n. a 

document produced in court as evidence 
^1 ^1=^^ ; any- 

thing displayed at an exhibition 
Of^ri I 

Exhibition ( ) n. display c^^(?rl 

^^'s^ ; a i)ubUc show ; an allowance 

to a scholar ^tC5^f% i To make an exhibition 
of one’s self = to behave foolishly 
f^CW I 

Exhibitioner n. one who enjoys a pension at 
a university i 

Exhilarant ( ) adj. exciting 

mirth i — n. an exhila- 
rating medicine I 

Exhilarate ( ) v. t. to cheer, to 

make merry ^ert^ si'STl, 

wt^rl \ Exhilarating adj. cheering 

Exhilaration ( ) n. cheerfulness 
T^iy I 

Exhort ( ) V. t. to incite, to deeds 

W ^*Wt, ’IW ^t3l4 C? ; to advise 

or warn 35, C*r « 

Exhortation ( ) n. a persuasive 



[ 268 

discourse, counsel 

^nc»r»r, i 

Exhume ( ) v. t. to disinter, to take 

out of the place of burial ^1 

Exigency ( ) n. pressing necessity 

*r#t< ; emergency I 

also Exigence. 

Exigent ( ) adj. pressing, emer- 
gent wfr, I 

Exigible ( ) adj. that may be 


Exile ( ) n. expulsion from one’s 

native country, banishment 
C*T"Tt«^l ; a person banished 
C»rt^ I — V. t. to banish • 

Exist ( ) to be, to live «(t^, 
^?fi^ «rr^ I 

Existing adj. continuing 
«r?J 5 l I 

Existence ( ) n. a state of 
being, life, a being 
'#l9, i 

Existent adj. at present existing 

Exit ( ) n. going out, departure of a 

player from the stage ; 

death ; a way out ^li> • 

Exodus ( ) n. departure, the 
second of the Old Testament 


£x>officio adj. fJRf (Rst^1 

f?(:»R • 

Exogmnous ( ) marrying outside 

of one’s own tribe ?**R ^1 ^ITW 

I Exogamy n. ^*1 
r»Rl a'll ‘ 

Exonerate ( ) v. t. to free from 

a charge, to acquit ^3 Cf, 


Exoneration n. act of freeing from a blame 

Exorablc ( ) that may be moved 

by entreaty 

*t5t1 I Exoration n. entreaty ^WR, 

Exorbitant ( excessive 

C^f^, I 

Exorbitance n. extravagance, enormity 

Exorbitantly adj. excessively 

Exorcise ( «a^X-^5R^-5t$aF7 ) v. t. to adjure 
by some holy name, to drive away, as 
evil spirit by adjurations WU, siS^Ttf® 

,4«rjrl I Exorcism n. act of exorcising Wlf^ 
C«rc*ft?1 I Exorcist n. one that 

pretends to expel evil spirits ^t5 ^^1 
(R^ I 

Exordium ( ) n. an introduction, 

preface ' 

Exordial adj. introductory. 

Exoteric, -al ( ) adj. external, fit 

to be communicated to the public 

^tf^, ’i^l; I 

Exotic ( ) adj. foreign ( opposite of 

Indigenous) RilfR 

R1 K^1R1 t — «• anything cf foreign origin 

’f®’, ‘ 

Expand ( ) ?’• t- to open, to spread 

out, to enlarge RIl’T, CRlC»TtPttR* 

I — V. t. to become opened RR»l R, 

5 , ‘ 

Expanse ( ) n. a wide extent of 
space C^tRl '« CRtRl iltl ; 

firmament t 

Expansible adj. capable of being expanded 
R^aitR *Rl » 

Expansion ( ) n. state of being 
expanded, extension, enlargement 

RtR, fR^R, Rl?^ 4t^ 

•rfRRR t 

[ 269 ] 


Expansive ( ) adj. widely 

extended iti C'Wt^l i 

Expansively adv. i 

£x«parte ( ) adj. on one side only 

c^u^ I ( cTim 

C’lt«( ^ ) I 

Expatiate ( *i|^5;-cnrir:il^ ) v. t. to enlarge 
in discourse C»f:’^tCt5 
^lfP m I 

Expatiation n. act of enlarging in an argu- 
ment I Expatiatory 

adj. I 

Expatriate ( ) v. t. to send out 

of one’s native country 

^ I Expatriation ' n. 
exile C*f*rr5^ I 

Expect ( ) V. t. to look forward to, 

to anticipate, to l\ope '8rt»l1 

Expectancy ( vii^s;.c*(^-c5fsp ) n. hope, that 
which is expected ♦ 11^1 

«•! I 

Expectant n. one who expecis ^1»rt«(t^, ^t*l1 

Expectation ( ) « act or state 

of expecting ’5lt»n ; ho^^ or 

prospect of future good i 

Expectorant ( ) n. a medicine 

that promotes discharges from the lungs 

Expectorate ( 'H’f ) v. t. or v. i. 

to expel from the lungs 
W ; to spit forth Cn»l1 i 

Expectoration n. act of expectorating, 
that which is discharge fiom the lungs 

Expediency ( ) n. desirable- 
ness ; fitness C?1VT?^i, 

; self interest « 

Expedient ( ia^-fn-fter^ ) adj. suitable, 
proper Kf^’8* * — means to 

an end, contrivance ^nTf, fVf^, r 

Expedite ( ) v. t. to hasten, 

to dispatch 

I — adj. quick ; free from 

obstacle i 

Expedition ( ) n. promptness, 

haste ; a hostile 

march, an enterprise ; persons 

who form an expedition 
*r9T I 

Expeditious ( ) adj. speedy, 

prompt I Expeditionary 

adj. forming an expedition 
?1 I — n. Expeditiousness n. 

Expel ( } v. t. to drive out, to eject 

cw, c^, ■3Jt^ 


Expend ( ) V. i. to spend, to lay out 

^5}^ 7fS^^ ^tr?T I 

Expenditure ( ) n. act of 

spending, money spent ^T?I, 

C^t?1 ^^*1 i 

Expense ( vil^S^C^sp ) n. cost, charge VR5, 
^*1], I Travelling expense =531^ i 
Fooding expense i Be at the 

expense .xf<^ -^fa; i Expen- 

dable=c^t^^‘ vitfu^tsi «(1?p ^?l 


Expensive ( ) adj. costly 

; extravagant I 

Experience ( ) h. trial, 

practical acquaintance with any matter 

v[^^ ml5t i 

Without previous experience— ^^1 

W^T1 I — V. t. to try, to know by 

use C5^1 U1, ; to 

suffer I 

Experienced adj. skilful, \visc Wt^, 


Experiment ( ) n. a trial, test, 

essay *nTtr, I — V. t. to make 

a trial ♦mvr ^w, arx11 F1 l 



Experimental adj. founded on trial, tentative 

Expert ( ) adj. having a familiar 

knowledge, skilful 

— n. a specialist '8Wl ^1 | 

> Expertise • 

Expiate ( ) to atone for, to 

make reparation for 

• Expiation n. act of 

atoning for ' 

Expiatory adj. having the power to make 
atonement I 

Expire ( ) v- i- to breathe out, 

to emit ^n, ’Srt^ I —V. i. to die, 

at*l ^It^r *tt^ ; to die out ( as 

fire ) 5^^ ; to come to end '®1^ C*T^ 5 ' 

Expiration ( ) «• of 

breathing out termination, end 
t53tn ^^*1, C*l^, ' 

Expiratory ( pertain- 
ing to expiration • 

Expiring ( ) /»• adj. dying 

«lt^ ^ttr 1 

Expiry ( ) n. the end, termination 

C*f^ ^'5 > 

Explain ( ) i'- to make plain 

C*f ; to illustrate the 
meaning of^]i«in ; to account for 

I Explain aSvay='5(tst<*ilc^^s 

Explanation ( v£i‘^5:-C?t-CWT ) n. act of 
making plain ^it^lTI, ; an accounting 
for I 

Explanatory adj. serving to clear up 


Expletive ( ) adj. filling out 

♦r|ifi^si*t?|rt^ I — n. a word inserted to fill 
up a vacancy X3l1 C^t^1 ' 

Expletory adj. i 

Explicate ( ) v. t. to unfold, 
to explain ^ 

Explicable adj. that can be explained 
*f^ j, '51% *tt% I 

Explicit ( v£i^5:-%-fPi? ) clearly 

plain, unreserved C«rfr»l1^, 


Explode ( >■ ‘o '■■y 

<f«. f?&re»l ; to cause, to blow up IfUl I 
— 1 >. i. to burst with noise ^ i 

to burst into laughter ^1% ^1^ • 

Exploit n. a heroic deed, a 

feat ‘ 

utilise for one’s own ends 

r^fs : to work up ( as a mine ) 

3Pl^] • 

Exploitation ( ) the act o 

successfully applying any industry to 
any object 

Exploration { >*tlts;-«-C^'*tl ) «■ act 

exploring or searching 


Exploratory aiij- searching out 

Explore ( Jt’p:-*’*; ) to »'a«h thoroughly 
»it^»lttstt|! tSlJlN 

Explorer n. one who explores «ltniWl^ 

Explosion ( >t|tP5-?l’-'=l'=t ) «• exploding 

^sr tsS 

outburst of feeling 5|!t^ *C«’I ' 

Explosive ( ) «• anything liable 

to explode fie «W ’W. ’Wt 

I —«4i- bursting out with noise 

Exponent ( oif s:--n’-C5l*: ) "• one who or 
that which points out 

f*r«^8l, algebraic figure shying 

how often a quantity is to be multiplied 

Export ( ) i'- <• 8®®®* 


[ 271 ] 


from o:ie country to another 
^lt»l ♦iftin ; < — n. a commodity 

sent out to a foreign country 

^9[U ; 5f<3tr?T 1 

^ \ 

Exportable adj. that may be exported 

Fr*lt5t I 

Exportation n. act of conveying goods from 
one country to another 

\ ( opposed, to Importation). 

Expose ( ) v. t. to lay open fo 

view CW^?n, «l ; to disclose UfC^td 

W, «f ; to make liable to 

?t^ ; to show up C'f ; to 

abandon an infant 3I1 7J1 

5P3r ; to display ; to put up for sale 
^Vsi^ C*T I 

Expose ) n. a showing up 


Exposition ( ) ”• exposing 

or laying open to view 
C?$pe?1 ; an explanation 

tsisfft, I 

Expositor ( ) n. one who 

expounds, an interpreler '5^^^ 'g1csrt®1, 


Expository adj^ explanatory 

^Wt^l I 

Expostulate } v. i. to remons- 

trate, to reason with 

?F^, ^irfg c? I 

Expostulation n. remonstrance i 

Exposure ) n. art of laying 

open, state of being laid bare ^ 

«iw, -srt'® 5«i-sn 

^9ltP3 ^?Tf1 ; act of showing up an 

evil ♦Itn act of exposing 

photoplale or film to the light 

Expound ( explain, to 

interpret i 

Expounder n. i 

Express ( a9?|r5;-C®5; ) v. t. to force out 

^tfd C5fn ; to emit TfV ^ ; to 

represent by words 5f^T»r ?7V ; to 

reveal ^ I 

Express ( ) a^'. plain, explicit, 

clear ; sent for a parti- 
cular. — adv with haste ; especially 


Express ( 'a^5‘-C5r5" ) «. a special messenger 
or conveyance 

^t|*f I An express train—^^ i 

Express delivery = immediate delivery by 

special messenger f^f»l 


Express-rifle =^v5t^^ i 

Expressible adj. that may be expressed 
a^l»r n-^1 i 

Expression ( ) «. act of forcing 

out by pressure C^f*^ ^tW ; utterance 
or representation Tl 

if^®l ; look, feature *i\^, ; a 

musical tone or sound Tl 

Expressive ( j adj. serving to 

express ; emphatic, signi- 
ficant Um M 


Expressly adv. plainly ; distinctly 

Expropriate ( ) c. t. to dispossess 


Expulsion ) n. act of expelling 


Expulsive adj. serving to expel W\t 
♦1^1 I 

Expurgate ( cleanse, 

to purify, to expunge ?lfiT C*tTC?t?1 

C»lHJ5T I 

Expurgation ( ) n the removal 

of anything noeious C*It*R, 


[ 272 3 




Expurgatory ( ) adj. purifying 

Expurge ( ) v. t. to purify 


Exquisite ( ) adj. of superior 

quality, excellent ; of delicate 

perception ; fastidious 

; very keen, 

extreme C^fu l — n. a fop 

Exquisitely ( ) adv. extremely 

; excellently I 

Exquisiteness «. nicety, keenness 

Exscind ( ) v. t. to cut off ( ^«r^1 ) 

q5l^»R C’SfOStS ) ^If5 C^el1 I 
Extant ( ) adj. still existing 

; standing out 

Extemporaneous ( ) adj. 

extcmporal, done without preparation 
; hastily prepared 
^^1, I 

Extempore ( <ii^B"-ci5’5r-n^ ) adu. without 
previous piCparation ; 

suddenly l —adj. 

sudden, without previous study 


Extemporise ( ) v. i. to 

speak off-hand without preparation 
2 j> ; to speak extempore 

^ ; Extempore speech 

^^1 ^•^31 I 

Extend ( va^5^.ci?« ) v. l. to slretcli out f^^1- 
fqt5 ^<r ; to prolong, enlarge, to widen 
?9^1 ; to impart C? i— 

V. i. to be continued in length or breadth 

SI 5 1 To extend a time allowed 
=f^!llt? C^, r.vf I It will 

extend for some time = it will be continue*^ 
^ t Extensible adj. 

that may be extended ^^sitq 

n?1 I 

Extensor ( ) n. a muscle that 

straightens out a part of the body 

c^tc=?i <1^1 ' 

Extent ( oq^5"-{.^^ ) n. bulk, compass, space 
occupied by a body 

I To such an extent=t^rt^ 


Extension ( ) n. act of extending 

^^sitNGSt ; prolongation ; 

that property of a body by which it 
occupies a portion of space »1%, 

Extension of a period of leave— f?}? 

^t^l, >1^1^ I 

Extensive ( ) adj. large 

ifl^st ?J 5 Sf I Extensively adv. largely f^^1- 

Extensiveness extent, largeness 


Extenuate ( t. to lessen, 

to palliate, to weaken the force of 
CWt8 5JST 5t^ I 

Extenuating adj. palliating 

Extenuation ( ) n. palliation of 

a crime, mitigation ^^*1, C'Tt^ 

Exterior ( ) adj. outer, outward 

; foreign l — w. out- 

ward ijart <.r form 

Exterminate ( ) r. t. to root 

out, to dest) oy utterly 
cn^ii I 

Extermination ( ) jt. complete 

destruc tion l 

Exterminatory adj. tending to exterminate 

External ( ) adj. outward, extc- 


C 273 ] 


rior Tt3if, W, ; 

foreign i — n. outward part ?tf^ar4 

®fir (/>/.) outward forms and ceremonies 
I Externally adv. 
arff^Xai, | 

Extinct ( ) adj. extinguished ; 

dead ; no more existing 


Extinction ( 'ilf ) u. destruction, 
suppression f^Ca^tn, i 

Extinguish ( i v. i. to put out, 

to quench ^■s^^ ; to destroy qt*T C^1‘^ 

to obscure by superior 
splendour C*f9i1, I 

Extinguisher n. one who extinguishes 

cm*r ; an instrument for putting 

out a caudle i 

Extinguishment n. the act of extinguishing 


Extirpate ( i r. t. to root out 

; to exterminate l 

Extirpation »/. total descruction ^t»T, 

Extol ( 'i V. t. to praise greatly 

Extort ( ) V. t. to wrest . or gain by 

force 9\, < 5 ^ 91 t 

Extortion ( ) n. illegal exaction <T9t- 

^4^^ 91 sat, ^^1 C9t1^1 ?|sr4j I 

Extortionate adj, oppressive i 

Extra ( ) aij. more than the usual, 

additional TtfW i 

--//. something over and above *fat 

^191*17^^1 I Extra-dotal = 

some filing given beyond the dowry 

cai^^'15^ fffVl sit9l I Extra-foraneous -- 

out-door ^1 I Extra-mural 

labour ^1 ajtCW air^l ^ 

Capt^ apaf1 ^5^, ap^1 ; 

ap<i I Extra mundane i 
Cxtrapolation—TTWatl i 

Extract ( ) v. t. to draw out b> 


force &tf^ ; to choose out 

?ffe 9f ; to distil gtt«r i — n. 

anything drawn out from a substance 

by heat or otherw'ise ^?=P, 

^f9T6?1 ; a passage taken from a book. 

C&tiPb c^tc^ri $|[i3 ^<f l =p«rl I Ex- 
tract the square root of— ^sf^iT i 

Extraction ) n. act of extract- 
ing Cpf^ ^rar ; lineage, 

birth ^t»f, i ( L. /u-out ; 

frahere ~io draw). 

Extradite ( ) r. t. to deliver 

up to justice r<SU^ 

Extradition ( delivering Tg") 

of fugitives from one govermnent to 

another n91t^ C^t^1 

Extramural sec Extra. 

Extraneous ( ) adj. externa), 

foreign 'STt^T ' 

Extraordinary { ) adj. unusual, 

exceptional '5l>7tS|1^, f<C»T^ ; 

wonderful i Extraordinary 

leave i 

Extravagant ( ) aij. 

due bounds ; un- 
restrained ; excessive ; 

lavish in expenses t Ex- 
travagantly adv. I 

Extravaganza ( ) n. a fantastic 

composition or language ^6?ri 

?P9t1 I 

Extravasate ( i 

Extreme ( ) adj. outermost, last 

^1 ; greatest, excessive 

; most violent 

^>1^, Tt^*l I — n. utmost limit ; 

great necessity 


Extremely ( vA^r-f^f^r ) adv. excessively 
'snn^^cn, ' Go to extremes = to 


[ 274 3 


take extreme measures ffTt’f, 

t In the extreme ^ extre- 
mely I The last extremity 

“the highest degree of misfortune C*l^ 

: deatli I In extre- 

mis -at the point of death 
I Extremist n. i 

Extremity ) «. the utmost 

limit C"f?, ; greatest distress 

I (pL) ilie hands and feet 

'Sfk » 

Extricable ( ) adj. that may be 

extricated \ 

Extricate ( ) v. t. to disentangle, 

to set free 

’Q51 ; to free from i)ci])lcxitics 

I Extrication n. act ol' setting 

free I 

Extrinsic, — al ( ) ndj. foreign 

( app. to Intrinsic ) 


Extrovert ( ) ti. <.)nc who is 

mainly com erned wiili what is external 
or outwards 

41 4ir^ I {opp. Introvert) 

V. t. to turn outward 4tf^44 ®r\5 
*44 I 

Extrude ( ) v. i. io drivu olf 

I Extrusions. 

Exuberant ( ) adj. over, ovcrliowing C4i^l, 

<6 “fit ^ 5 I Exuberantly adj. 


Exuberance a. f>vcr ai)und'ui' r, super- 

fluousiicss f3^b, I 

Exude ( ) V. t. to discharge by 

sweating 4t4 41^41 i - — v. i. to flow 

out through the pores ^6911, i]il 'C9{1 i 
Exult ( ) V. i. U) rejoice greatly 

5, 4^ 91t^, ^^4 I 

Exultation ( 'ii^T7W^«^-i)’SR ) n, great joy 

Exultant adj. exulting I 

Exuviae ) n. ( pi. ) cast off skins, 

fossil shells of animals C4t&, W14 ^rt4^4l 
^fk *141 4tf54 1591^ C*rf4l C4t^, 
4t4Jf^ 41 C4t»11 ; I 

Exvoto adv. n. C4t4t4 I 

Eyas ( ) n. an unhedged liawk 

Mt^4 C*ll4tf^ I 

Eye ( ) n. tlic organ of sight b^, ^44 ; 

.sight ?*T4, ; anything like an eye 5^4 

*114 4^, f44i1, ; aim i ~ v. t. to 

look on b1, 4^4, 4^4 i Be all eyes - 

to give all attention 4if44l l 

Give an eye to^--to attend to 44 4*4, 

4r4t:4tvr C*f I Green eye -jealousy C4*l, 
f^^>f1 1 Have an eye to ~ to have regard 
to 4*t*l 4*4, 44^ 414 I In the eyes of da 
the estimation of 414^, 4r^r4 i In the 
wind's eye — against the wind 4'®t^4 
r45C4 I Keep one’s eye on=to watch bf 
c*i, 44 4*r4 4t4*, Ff^ 4t4* I Make eyes at -- 
to ogle ca4 *5t!:4?:4 b1 I Put the finger in 
the eye b^4t4l C^t4* i See eye to eye ~ 
to think alike if 4*1 4^ 5, 4tf% ^ I 

Under the eye of -under the observation 
of *5?t44*'^ I Sec with half an eye — to see 
easily C*f4 t Up to the eyes deeply 

engaged 44 41^ I 

Eyeball u the globe or apple of tlic eye 

b^4 4r«i, b^4 I If you had half an 

eye - 4r*t ^f4 4t^f4C4* 4*41 ; 4f4 

^f4 b^C4 4f44 »lt4l t‘ 

Eyebrow ) a. the hairy arch al)ovc 

the eye b^4 C5^t^f4 i 

Eyeglass n. a glass to assist the sight b^4 
b“f4l t 

Eyelash «. hair on the eyelid b^4 *1^14 

C4t4 ) 

Eyelet-hole n. small hole for cord 
^^41 f44i1 I 

Eyelid n. the cover of llic eye b^4 i 

Eye-piece [ 275 ] Face 

Eye-piece n. the lens at the eye end of a 
telescope I 

Eye-salve w. an ointment for the eyes 

3r:^l?rl i 

Eye-servant n. a servant who works only when 
watched by his master 


Eye-service n. 15 lt i 

Eye-sight ( 'SftI 5 ) n. pow'cr of seeing 
; view I 

■ ( ) The sixth letter of the English 

alphabet i The 

three F*s~fair rent, fixity of tenure & free 


Fabian ( ) adj, delaying 

I ~-?i. 

I Fabian policy »f3P^ <»T 

Fable ( ca*’2T8T ) n. a fictitious narrative 
having a moral instruction, a fi< lion or 
myth I — y. /. to 
feign to invent 3=[lt% i Fabled 

adj. mythical, told in fables >11^ 


Fabric ( ; n. workinansliij> ; 

manufactured clotli ; texture C^t?1 

^ ^13? ?h ; building 

I Fabricant ru a manu- 
facturer 1 Textile fabric 


Fabricate ( ) v. /. to devise falsely 

Wt»l ^5t, >ltf^ ; to form by 

Eyesore ( ) «. something offensive to 

the sight I 

! Eye-tooth ?i. \ 

I Eye-wash n. n^Tll i i 

i Eye-witness n. one who secs an occurrence lo 
be able to testify C^f^l 1 

Eyre (»«’ ) «. a circuit of judges ^1^1*51'^ 

5 *P^, t Justices in eyre=‘^f^i 5 ^«f^Tft 


Eyry, Eyrie ( ) n. the nest of a bird of 

prey fe^l-Tl '^115 I 

art and labour ^t®?, ; to produce 

Fabrication n. construction ; a 

story, a falsehood >ftrs? f^Wl ^afl, 

m I 

Fabulist ( ) n. one who invents 

fables \ 

Fabulous ( , /-,//. feigned, false, 

unreal, imniciHe fv&i, 

Facade { ) n. the exterior front of a 

building ; Tl*a«R i 

Face ' (7^'b ) fi. the front part of tlie liead 
including eyes, nose, cheek etc. ; the 
outside appearance ; front 

or surface of anything 

; look t —V. t. 

to meet in front f, 

; to resist «tg’, i 

Face down - 5^ i 

Face out --5^ cntC'fft^tt nfk i 

Face to face i Accept one's 


[ 276 ] 


face- to grant one’s request ^t^T, 

^^5515 \ To fly in the 

face of=to set oneself directly against 
35 . «rvi I On the face 
of it = palpably plain 1 

Pull a long face = to look unhappy 
'€r^l*»rb ’^’*r « Put a 

good face = to assume a bold or cheerful 

1 In the face of 

C^:5TC5lir1r^1 ' To set one’s face against ^ 
to oppose vehemently 
^t«n (HT I To show one’s face^to appear 
I To shut the door on one’s face - 
'HU I To make faces 
at ^f^Ti‘1? I Face value «rt^r ; 
nominal value y\mv[1zz «r^1 

Facet ( ) n. one side of a manysided 


I — V. t. to cut a facet upon 

'on^^ ^ti>, • 

Facetious ( ) adj. humorous, witty 

I — ly adv. 

Facetiousness ( ) n. jocosencss 


Facial ( ) adj. pertaining to the face 


Facile ( ) adj. easy to be done 
; affable i 

Facilitate ( ) v. t. to make easy 

Facility ( ) n. dexterity 

5TfSf, ; easiness ; pliancy 

nar«il 1 

Facilities n. ( pi . ) means that render anything 
easy ) 

Facing ( CiP’f^ ) n. a covering in front 

>rf I 

Facsimfle ( ) n. an exact copy 

I Make a facsimi]e-»«lf^^«r 

^^fV{ I 

Fact ( ) n. anything done, a deed 

^ ^14t ; reality, truth ^«n, 

t5«rj I Factum n. a thing done 
5Pt^I, I As a matter of fact— in reality 
♦ir'iF I In fact -in reality 


Faction ( ) n. a contentious party 5lf^- 

?»1, ?»T ; dissention 

Factious ( ) adj. given to faction, 


Factitious ( C^F^-I^-’SF^ ) adj. conventional 

Factor ( ) n. an agent in trade 

; ( Math. ) part 
of a number produced by multiplication 
; component clement 


Factorage n. commission paid to a factor 

Factory ( ) n. a manufactory 

^ I 

Factotum ( } n. a person employed to do 

all kinds of work for another ^t^at 

c^nrai i 

Factual ( ) adj. 


Facnla (c*Pf%^C9l), {pi. Faculae) the bright 

spot on the sun ift® Tf^, 

Faculty ( ) n. any particular ability 

or aptitude, any physical capacity 

c^tiJTi ^1 

»T% ; a department of learning at a uni- 
versity c^tcsii Ti 

The four fticiihies--^ 
Theology, Medicine, Law, Arts 

Fad ( C^F5^ ) «. a hobby, a crotchet, erase 
W irtW, Fad- 
dish, Faddy adj. ■at^r i 


[ 277 ] 


Fade ( ) v. i. to loac colour or fresh- 

ness, to vanish f 

^11, C^Tt^f 5 I —adj. insipid 
I Fadeless adj. unfading 

y{z^^ I 

Faces, Feces ( fipt%W ) n. ( />/. ) sediment, 
dregs ; excrements f^1 I 

Facal adj. 

Fag ( ) V. i. to become weary, to work 

hard jrV9 ^t^f, i 

- -V. t. to weary, to use as a fag 

I — n. a school-boy forced to 
do menial work for one older ; 

drudgery ( Fagging n. 

hard and mean labour C^t?f i 
Fag-end ( ) n. untwisted end of 

a rope or cloth, the meaner part of a 
thing Tl 

tst^T I 

Faggot, Fagot ( ) n. a bundle of 

sticks for fuel «rff5 I —v. t. to 

tie together Tt’fli i Faggot vote a 

fictitious vote Ti ^5’^ t 

Fall ( C«P’8>[ ) V. t. to fall short ^ ^1 ; 

to prove deficient under trial 

C5^1Ut^ ; to die, to decay ^rf»r If, 

; to miss, to be disappointed 
?, ^t5t*r ? I — V. /. to desert any 

one t5j1^ 7(i7(^ vilf^ in I Failed p. adj. 
decayed ; bankrupt i With- 
out fail--®f^^, I 

Failing ( C?F’f»Tt. ) n. a fault, \veakness 3J»!?, 

Failure ( ) n. a deficiency, omission 

1?^, ; bankruptcy 

^Tl I 

Fain ( C^’»T ) adj. glad ^ ; inclined 
( with to ) I — adv. gladly 


Faineant ( ) n. & adj. -n^, F^t^- 

Faint ( ) adj. lacking strength 

; fading ; nn\ 

Vjright riF^ll ; weak in 

spirit I — V. i. to, become weak ’*^®l 

?, 5 to fade i[fVi5T ?, ; 

to swoon ^ I — n. swoon > Faint- 
hearted adj. cowardly t Faint- 

ness n. feebleness of colour, light etc. 
i?rrofi5T Otc^S^I ' 

Fail ( ) adj. clear, bright ipfei^, 

W ; beautiful ; pure 

; free from clouds 
( ) ; frank, impartial 

; just •St^y ; pleasing 

; pretty good =!ft5P ; hopeful 

'5lt*Tt®f5T?p I -^v. t. to make fair i 

— adv. honestly clearly 

I Fair and square honest 
ly^, lyt^ I Be in a fair way to- 
C5t?[1^ T^t I Keep fair with 

^9\ 1 Stand fair with 
» The fair or the 

fair sex the female sex 3 I I To 

bid fair “ to seem likely C^tfl 
c^<t I Fair-copy Tmi 1 
Fair-play -honest dealing ?y^51^, 

I Fair weather-- ; 
favourable circumstances ^>yun 1 Fair- 

hand I Fair weather friends 


Fair ( Cip’-'Stt^ ') n. a great periodical inarkn 
C^l»t1 I Faii-ing - -a gift 1 

Fairness n. just conduct ; 

clearness of skin i 

Fairy ( ) n. a beautiful imaginary 

being of human form n'4^, 

I — adj. like a fairy, fanciful FCif, 

I Fairy-land n. imaginary 
land of fairies 'srcnvflTT^^iT it? ' 

Fairy-rings, — circles n. ring-like spots in 
pastures, ^tC«f 

cwtcnt^l 1 Fairy-tale « an 
incredible story ^ap} l 


t 278 ] 


Faith ( confidence, trust, belie 

in God i 

The faith— l Bad faith ^ treachery 
I In good faith with sin- 
cerely I 

Fait accompli «. C5it?f1 ^*^1 

Faithful adj. full of faiili, loyal 

worthy of belief ; worthy 

of belief ; true I 

Faithfully adv. siurcrely 
^fCf, I Faithfulness n. sincerely 

Faithless ( ) adj. without faith, 

disloyal ; 

delusive I Faithlessness n state of 

having no faith » 

Fake ( ) «. a single turn or coil of 

rope etc. i — f. to coil 


Fake ( ) v. t. to deceive, to conceal 

defects of ^?I1 Cd, 

I Fakement n. a swindling 
device I 

Fakir ( ) n. a mendicant i 

Falcate ( ) adj. lient-like ckle 

Falchion ( ) it. a sliort crooked sword 

Falcon ( a bird of prey 5^1^ i 

Falconer n. one wlio sports with falcon 
I Falconeyed 

—keen eyed I 

Falconry ( , n. C'^'^ l i 

Faldstool ( //. a folding stool 

n -^1 6*1 

Full ( ; V. i. ( pa. t. fell ; pa. p. fallen ) 

to drop down ^f< ; lo descend 

downward ; lo slo'pe do\en 

^t6‘ff^?ri ? ; to lose strength ^4^9] 

^ ; lo uei line in p.>wer, w'callh, value or 
reputation ?, ^ ; lo die away 

i;, ^t*T ? ; lo be overtlirowu 

^ ; lo yield to temptation C®lt'5'$ ; to 

sink into sin ? > to befall 

Fall ( 5pcT ) n. the act of falling, descer ' by 
gravity ^lib 

overtlirow ; death 

; a .slope 'SIW ; 

descent of water ; outlet 

of a riv^er ; decrease in value 

I Phrases :— Fall across 
= to meet by chance • Fall 

among -■511^^ i Fall away 

— to languish, to decline ^1> ^*t ^ ; 

to revolt ^ ; lo rcuoimcc one's 

faith g*t*6 ^Tt^T ^ I Fall back - 

to retreat i Fall back 

upon- to have recourse to some means 
I Fall behind --^ 

^to slacken I Fall flat--^to fail 

completely 5 i Fall foul of— to 

quaricl I Fall in 

with to agree, to tomply ?, 5rtt% 

^ I fall off “lo separate, to perish 

n^, Jtt"T 5 ; 

lo revolt ; Fall on to 

begin eagerly Ck'^U^X^ C^ItTS^'l ; 

to attack : to meet ^ i 

Fall on one’s feet ?. 

C>tHt^'n3?r^l 911 5 AiA I Fall out ■ to quarrel 
A^A ; to happen Fall 

short of to be deficient 

^ I Fall through to come to 
noiiiing 2?, 5 : Fall to to apply 

one’s self lo .^dC^TI A'. 

oil'iT I Fall upon - to attack ; to 

attempt Cl^^l AA i Try a fail - ‘pf-ft'ifl 
5pt>3Tt»r »lTf^r FI, ^r«f FI I Fallen adj. ruined 
I Falling-^tar ;/. a rneieoi- 
I Falling-sickness a. epilepsy 
C^tsrlg I 

'allacious ( j adj. misleading, not 

well fininded i 


[ 279 ] 


Fallacy ( ) n. deceptive appearance, 

illogical argument 

Fallible ( ) adj. liable to error 

I Fallibility n. liability to error 

tStf% I 

Fallow ( ) adj. left uncultivated for a 

lime, unlilled i 

— n. land untillcd for a time i 

To lie fallow 8(1 s?; i 

Fallow ( ) (idj. of a brownish yellow 

colour I 

False ( tpfffs ) adj. untrue f^?1 ; not 

genuine ; unfaithful ; not 

^^■ell founded I — uJr. faithlessly 

I False-face n. mask Cb'1, 

I False-hearted “irenchcrous 

I Put in false position =- 
to bring anyone to a delicate position 
C6\:^5pH1 c^^ll > Play one false 

to act falsely to a y)crson C^, 


Falsehood n. want of tJuih, a lie f^Tfl i 

Falsely ( ) adr. untruly, ti-eac IumousIv 

Falsity u. a false assertion f^l5l ^9(1, i 

Falsetto ( tpey ) n. a false voice beyond tin- 
natural d-d f 

Falsify ( Tpsrfs-iplt ) v. t. to forge ^^3, 

I to prove uni) usiworthy f^5l C^^l, 
r^ifi I 

Falsification ( ) ». the ac;t of 

making false ^‘3*1 i 

Falter ( ) i^. t. to stammer in ,s])re< h 

(;8rf5?s1^f^t^ ^8(l sp ; to Irembh! or 1f)ltei- 
5J5^ I 

Faltering ( ?^5T ) u. feebleness 

I Falteringly adv. iji 

a hesitating manner 

Fame ( ) «■ reputation, i eiiowii 

^tf%, 1 House of ill-fame a 

brothel CW1»I^ l 

Famed ( ) adj. l enowmcd 


Familiar ( ) adj. intimate, well 

acquainted with 

; domestic 1 

Familiarise ( ) v- t- to make 

acquainted, to accustom 

^ I 

Familiarity ( ) n. intimate ac- 
quaintance fevTi'SRi, ^1511<^ t 

Too much familiarity breeds contempt - 
C?jf% C*Ttf I 

Family ( ) ti. all those who live in one 

house under one head ; the 

children of a person ; race 

C^tfe ; a group of animals or 
plants I Family man 

I Be in the family way to be preg- 
nant 5, >1M^1 I In a family way 

♦ —in a domestic manner 

Famine ( ) n. a general scarcity of food 

^1^151, I 

Famish ( cqsfij»i: ) e. t. to starve 

I — V. i. to die of extreme hunger 

Famous ( ) adj, renowned, noted 

I — adv. Famously. 

Fan ( CJPd^ ) n. an instrument to cool the 
body by blowing ; an instrument 

for winnowing grain | — v. t to cool 

wiib a I'an ; to winnow ^1 fsf ^1^ ; to 
vcniilaic I Fan-light^ 

5?t4[ I Fan-palm ti a species of plam with shaped leaves I — ii. ( Slanv^ ) 

devotee of a particular amusement, as 
Film fans. Football fans 

Fanatic or Fanatical ( ) adj. excessively 

enthusiastic i 


[ 280 ] 


Fanatic n, C»rf^, 


Fanaticism ( CtFr^rf^f^W^ ) n. religious frcnry 

Fancy ( ) u. creative faculty of the 

mind *1^ ; an, image form- 

ed in the mind ^^^1 ; a whim 
^'itf^ I - ^ 4 /- elegant, })leasing to 

t —e. /. to imagine 
; to have a liking for ^ 1 , 

?jt»l I Fancied adj. imagined 

1 Fanciful adj. imaginative, whim- 
sical <1^1 I 

Fancy-ball f^t% ^rf5 ' 

Fancy dress c*ftb't^, >rl9F. 

msF I Fancy-fair 
» Fancy-goods ^1 
Fancy-work --ornamental need 'e -work 
^fT I 

Fane f ) n. a temple i 

Fanfare ( - or Fanfarade u. a 

flourish of trumpets 

Fanfaronade ( ; «. vain boast- 
ing, ostentation i 

Fang ( C^P* ; n. the venom tooth of a 
serpent claw or talon 

of a ravenous animal 5T«f ?I1 

I Fanged adj. having fangs 
«;?pi I 

Fantasy, Phantasy ( n. a fancy, 

imagination, whim 

Fantastic, Fantastical ( ) ftdj. 

fanciful, whimsical 
^^1, I 

Far ( ?PT^ ) adj. remote i — adv. 

at or to a great distance 

; very much '®tC»rr«rfiT, I Far- 
off -distant ^ I Far-fetched = 

brought from a remote place, forced 
^fsr ^sTl, / Far-sighted 

; incapable of seeing near objects 
C^«r1 I Far-spent =- 

far advanced 

C^it5l I Far and away —by a great deal 
I By farcin a great 
degree I In SO far 

as ijl I Far from it-- 

C^f%?Ite ^95 I Far East— Eastern Asia 
Clhina, Japan etc. ) Far West = the 
( ountries of North America on the side 
ol Pacific ocean 

Farce ( ) n. a ludicrous play 5*, 

I Farceur n. a joker i 

Farcical adj. ridi< ulous 

Farcing ( j n. stuliing «P 23[^1 

Farcy ( iplf? ) n. a disease of the horse 

Fare ( d^pat^t" i v. i. to get on, to be in any 
Slate 5t»l 5Tt ^ ; to feed 

^51 I Faren, the price of passage Jtt'S, srf^tW 
?1 ; food ^TfHJ I 

Farewell ( ) n. a wish for safety 

; act of taking leave i 

-~adj. parting i 

Farina ( C^f^®n ) n. pollen of flowers 

; ground corn I 

Farinaceous ( C^Pf^t^lfwtb ) adj. mealy fn^1- 

Farm ( *Pt^ ) n. a land rented for cultiva- 
tion ^^91 C^t^1 ?lti5 ; land 

for cultivation with necessary buildings 
I — V. t. to let out as lands ^*^91 
9T^f ; to cultivate land C’*f% • Poultry 

farm=mt i Cattle-farm- 


Farmer ( ) n. one who cultivates land 

f ^?P, C^t5l I 

Farm-house n. a house attached to a farm 


t 281 j 


nttr, vfst, w< I Farm yard n. 

Farrago ( ) «• confused mass 

Farrier ( ) n. one who treats the 

diseases of horse, a smith that shoes 
C»Tt^ I 

Farriery ( CtFrs)C?r5ft ) n. the art of curing 
diseases of horse i 

Farrow ( ) n. a litter of pigs 

C^t?rtf^ I -~v. i. or V. t. to bring forth 

pigs I Farrow-cow — 

^ -STt? t 

Fart ( tpt^ ) r. i. to break wind »ft?, ^1^ i 
—n. nt*f I 

Farther ( ) adj. ( rnmp. of Far ) more 

distant i — adv. beyond, 


; moreover '5It^ I 

Farthest adj. ( Snpr. ol‘ Far ), 

1%C5^ I 

Farthing ( ) n. the fourth of a penny, 

anything trifling 

) ; c^tc^l ’Tltit^r I 

Fasces ( C?*fFW ) n. f ^t^- 

^Tf5 ; I 

Fascinate ( Ctpf5C^t§ ) t. to charm, to 

enchant, to captivate 'ShiSC^t ^*1 

I Fascinating adj. charming 

Fascination ( ) n. the act of charm- 

ing, an attractive power 

■r^, I 

Fascist ( ) n. a political party in Italy 

opposing So:ialism and Communism 
«wt^ w\w5 ifsitcsf 
^z^9[z^ ^ ^i^Ti- 

»T*5rftir ; ^ i 

Fashion ( ) n. the cut of a thing, form, 

pattern f^, ^'S ; mode 


of dress ; a prevailing 

custom ; appearance I 

— V. t. to form, to mould 
’Tt^, ^7, ^ I 

Fashionable ( ) adj. according to the 

pi'cvailing manlier 

; observant of fashion in dress 
or living i After or 

in a fashion l In the 
fashion -a i 
Fast ( ) adj. firm, fixed &1R, 

; sound ( as of sleep ) 

( C5taf^ ) I —adv. firmly ; 

quickly C^'Stt^, ; close l 

F^ast by— close to sT^T5lfqt<t^ i Play 

fast and loose -to say one thing and do 
the contrary <a&1 

; fusil c’lU^it^ I 

Hard and fast i 

Fast ( ) adj. quick, rapid I 

— adv. swiftly i 

F'ast ( ; n. abstinence from food 31^, 

I • — V. j. to abstain from 
food «ft^, »T:«tt*t 

cw ' Fasting n. l 

Fast-day n. a day of religious fasting 
f^, 33 I 

Fasten ( tPtF^^T ) v. t. to make firm, to attach 
firmly »l^1, 9^11 l -—v. i. 


Fastening ( ) n. that which fastens 
3t^, W ^3=1, ’trlcaiTiUl, *r»T«t1 I 
Fasti n. *1^ ' 

Fastidious ( ) adj. over-nice 

difficult to please ^ f^^TbHrl, 

f^3a1, I Fastidiousness n. 

Fastness ( ) n. fixedness, a fortress 

^1, ^ I 

Fat ( ) adj. plump, fleshy C*H^, 

^ ; cmcwt^l, ; fruitful 

I — ff, an oily substance of animal 


[ 282 ] 


bodies ; the best part of 

anything I —v. t. or 

V. i. to make or grow fat 
C^t^1 ^ I The fat is in the 

5 t Fat witted^dull i 
Fatalism ( C^’C&f3l[W;’S{ ) n. the doctrine that 
all events arc subject to fate 

I Fatalist w. one who believes in 
fate I 

Fatal ( ) adj. mortal, calamitous 

; belonging 

to or ordained by fa*'c ' 51 ^^'^ 

^^1 I 

Fatality ( ) «• the state of being 

fatal ; mortality ; a 

fatal occurrence ^1^1'%'^ i 

Fatalize r. i 

Fattally ( CJP’C^^fT ) adj. mortally 

Fate ( CJP’fe ) n. iuevilaltle destiny ^5^), 

v'jl'tfT ; ill-fortune ; doom 

1 The fates - 1 />/. : the 
tliree goddesses nl late who dcietiuiiK'd 
the l)irih, life and deaili ol men 

fsf^ CW^T , also ( billed 
the Fatal sisters. Seal one’s fate to decide 
one's fate f^faj '^‘{^'1 ( As fate would 

have it - f?J 

Fated ( ) adj. doonud 


Father ( ) n. a male parent f’i'Jl, 

; an anc estor ; a title of 

resp)ect ^*51 1 — r. t. to adopt 

5 J^*i I Holy Father the Tope 


Fatherhood ( ) «. the state of 

being a father I Father-in- 

law n. the fatlicr ol one’s husband or 
wife I 

Fatherliness ( ?Pt^7 ) «■ tenderness 

of a father * Fatherly adj. like 

a father, paternal f^'^STT, 


Fathom ( ) n. a nautical measure equal 

to six feet 'b W I — v. t. to try the depth 
of f5(^tsT Jf ; to comprehend 

8T I Fathomless adj. 
bottomless i 

Fathom-line n. C«ft«n 


Fatigue ( ) n. weariness fioni labour, 

toil I —i. 1. to ex- 
haust one’s strength, to tire 

®m W, I 

Fatiguingly adu. 

Falling ( C5P^f^* ) n. an animal fatlciied lor 
slauglitcr ■»r1?T^ ^1 ^^1 

«9f^[ I Fatness n. lleshiness 
; ( of the soil ) l 

Fatten ( ) u. L to make fat 

; to make fertile ( as soil ) 

C't, ■^l^^'l ^*5 f 

Fatty ( CifU ) adj. containing I'ai C'SC‘^51, 


Fatuity ( ) n. weakness of mind, imlie- 

cility I Fatuous adj. 

foolish, silly I 

Fauces ( ) «. (pi-) the upper |>an of 

the throat Irom the root of the longue 
C^5, I 

Faucet ( 5PCb| ) n. a ])ipe for' drawing liquor 
from a barrel ; tap for barrel 

^jiTr ( 

Fault ( ,, 71 . a (ailing, a defect, a sliglit 

olTcnce trig, Sf*?!-? 1 

Faultiness /«. c»ft^ 1 At fault open to 
blame cw1^1f, 1 Faultless adj. fj cc 

from fault 1 Fault- 
finding -flat H^1, C^U I 

Faulty ( ) adj. defective, imperfect C®f1^- 

^«1 -^1 <|5q5i I 

Faun ( j n. a Roman deity c^t^f 
>i|«F5T I 


[ 283 ] 


Fauna ( ) n. the entire group of animals 

belonging to a particular country or a 
period C^tr^l 

I { pi •) Faunae, Faunas. 

Faux pas ( C^-‘nl ) a false step i 

Favour ( ) n. a kind deed, good will 

; indulgence ^tai9, ; a 
knot of ribbons worn at a wedding 

; a letter t — 
V. t. to regard with good will 
tf^l1 ; to be on the side of ? I III 
favoured or well favoured = i 

Find favour in one’s eyes ^ to be kindly 
treated ♦rl3I ? i In favour of^>rni’^, 

I By or with the favour of i 

The favour of an early reply is requested - 
fw 1 To 

curry favour of=^<tti>f^ ^I'STl i 
Favourable ( ) adj. friendly 

; advantageous, conducive to OTC, 
Sim, ( Favourably adv. 


Favourite ( ) n. one unduly loved 
I — adj. esteemed 
fhv, I 

Favouritism ( ) n. the practice of 

showing undue favour ' 

Fawn ( ) n. a young deer 

c^n^tf^T I — adj. of a colour of a fawn 

Fawn ( ) V. i. ( with upon ) to flatter in a 

servile way f^ZZ^i ^nl>n ^1 

•nfH i Fawning n. a mean flattery 

^ I Fawningly adv. 

with servile adulation i 

Fay ( C^’ ) n. a fairly I — v. i. or v. t. 

to unite closely af1, ^ i 
Fealty ( c?p-aw! ) or ( ) n. the oath of 

fidelity to a lord, loyalty ^’SJtSl, 

Feju: ( ) n. an emotion excited by danger, 

apprehension of danger V?, *T5F1, ’5lt’*nir1 i 

— V. t. to apprehend evil C\5t5 

I —V. 7. to be afraid of m 
5 I Fearful ( ) adj. timo- 
rous ; terrible I 

Fearfulncss n. state of being fearful 

Fearfully adv. with fear i 

Fearless ( ) adj. without fear, 

])rave I Fearlessness n. 

courage >rl^T=T, I Fearlessly adv. 

courageously I 

Fearsome adj. fr iglitful ^^ST^Tl I 

Feasible ( ftpr^^ITcT ) adj. practicable 

^>rt*f7, 1 Feasibleness, Feasibility n. 

practicability ^t<tT, I 

Feast ( ) n. a rich and abundant repast 

C^tW ; a joyous day, a festival 
f<??, I --~v. t. or r. i. to eat or to enter- 
tain sumptuously ; to re- 
ceive intense delight '*^^1 • Feastful 

adj. joyful, festive i 

Feat ( 5^^ ) n. a courageous deed >TT?1^3r 

I Feateous adj. 

dexterous l 

Feather ( ) n. a plume nlf^ ; a 

feather like ornament C»Tt®t^T^ 

; anything light or trifling 
'Ci^'lfg5T’l I — V. t. to adorn with feathers 
ntr«( i Birds of a same 

feather i 
Feathered adj. fitted with feathers ^^1 ; 

swift I 

Feathery ( ) adj. covered with or re- 
sembling feathers ‘^tNf 

ntf^ I Feather an oar^’Tt^'® 

*14 I Feather one’s nest = to 

enrich one’s self by the management of 
properties kept in trust ^1 

15?^^ I A feather in one’s cap ^ C^tC^Tl 
f4C*T4 >T*?rt^4 fbst I Be in high feather = to be 
highly dated ^ I Show the white 

feather — to sliow cowardice 2j45t*r 


[ 284 3 


I Feather brain —-.i frivo- 
lous person • 

Feature ( f^Ft4 ) «. form of the face 

count enanrc 

Febrifuge ( ) n. a medicine for 

removing fever ' 

Febrile ( Cip3t?^ ) adj. pertaining to fever 

February n. the second mo.i'h of (lie English 
year 5=1^ 1%^? i 

Faces see F»ces. 

Feckless ( ) adj. spiritless 

C*rtiltft5t ; helpless ; futile i 

Feculent ( ) adj. muddy, foul 

I Feculence n. 

Fecund ( c^P’^t'Q ) adj. fruitful, prolific 

Fecundate ( ) v- t. to make fruitful, 

to impregnate >1^^ 

^ I Fecundity n. prolific ness 

^^1 »Tfv, W5R »r% I 

Fecundation n. act of impregnating 

Fed pa. t. of Feed. 

Federal ( ) adj. pertaining to treaty 

or contract >lfi5 f^3S^1 

I — €a)vernment=>ff^?l^ 41 WT, >15^^ 

»rt>R«i3 I — court 1 

Federate ( C4*®1C4^ ) adj. united by league 

Federation ( C4*’®1C4*5^^ ) /i. act of uniting in 
a league ^U^ ^4^ 4S^«I, 4tWI I 

Fee ( ) n. price paid for services as to 

lawyer ^5tV4 41 ^^914 14*5 ; wages 4145, 
C?4 ; a grant of land n1^45l4 4l!5 ; 
the sum realised for any special privilege 
4tJ9T I Fee-simple == having the right of 
absolute possession and ownership of 
land «ff4^t4 ; ?4 

«i|45lf4n\5I 44914 I 

Feeble ( f4»4;;9T ) adj. weak, infirm ^2^9j 

; faint-, dull 

fcr4l-C4lC4lii I Feebly ndv. faintly, weakly 
f^4ll-f44l^ I 

Feed (f^^“ ) c. ^ to nourish, to gixT food 
to cm5'4l9l C*f, ^ 51 , £tr^4l»14 454 I - V. i. to 
take food 14 4^4, {pa. t. and pa. p. 

Fed ). —n. food, pasture 4141, I 

Feed-pump - 41^ fvrsl \ 

Feeding n. act oT eating pasture ’5('6?1 4rt4, 

I Feeding-bottle ^441^ i 

Feeder ( ^4^514 ) n. he who or that which 
feeds f4 ^1^14 t(4t^ 4l «ll5l4 f4r4 ; a 

tributary stream C4i14 C^ISTJ^^I ^4 I 

Feeder Steamers 44»t4iJ 4^41 WlftW f 

Feel ( ) V. t. or r;. i. ( pa. t. and pa. p. 
Felt ; pr. p. Feeling ) to perceive by the 
(ouch 4;^«4 4S4, ^9il| ^1 ; to be 

conscious of 4^ 41, ®1t5 ; to handle 

CW1 I To feel hot =114 »1t4, 444 9!l4 I 
How do youfeeI = C4JC4 n1t5l, C4SC4 9itf4af ? 
Feeler ( f^51l4 ) n. a cautious remark to sound 
the opinions of others ^1^44 ^14 
514S14 4i4l 4^41, 44 4S4l I 
Feeler ( pi . ) n. joined fibres in the heads of 
insects n^9P4 ^^411 44^1 'Ot I 
Feeling ( ??tf9i^ ) n. the sense of touch 

41^®4 4%, 414 ; consciousness of 
pleasure or pain ^4 ^4 ; sensibility 

emotion 444 ^14 ; tenderness if 41 1 ( p/. ) 
the aftectiens or passions 441-4141 ; C?14, 
4t4l5f^ \ — adj. expressive of great 

tenderness 4V1 «f4l44t, l 

Feekless adj. ^4T4, f4t1, '81C4tifI I 
Fee-simple see under Fee. 

Feet ( #1^ ) pi. of Foot. 

Feign ( CiF’4 ) v. t. to pretend, to simulate 
C«fl4, 4Pt4sf« 414 I Feigned adj. preten- 
ded f4t1, 4^^a4 I 

Fcignedly ( C4^’-C4if% ) adv. with dissimulation 
^1'C t^f4 I 

Feint ( ) «. a false Jhow^ a pretence 44141 

^tf^, 4‘t4Jf« I 


[ 285 ] 


Felicitate ( ) v. t. lo express pleasure 

to, to congratulate £1^1*1 

W^1, C^, •T'Jfl I 

Felicitation ( ) n. the act of 
congratulating ^^*1, ^3F»1 

I Felicitous ( ) adj. happy, 

delightful ; appropriate 

I Felicity ( rtp--f^5:4f5 ) «. happi- 
ness, delight f »f»f, 'Sltst’^T I 

Feline ( ) adj. pertaining to cats, like a 

cat Wt^lT, I 

Fell ( C?p’9t ) pa. t. of Fall 

Fell ( C?P’ST ) V. 1. to cause to fall, (o cut down 

I Feller n. one 

who cuts wood i 

Fell adj. ciuel, fierce i 

Fellmonger ( ) u. a dealer in skins 

Felloe see Felly 

Fellow ( C^’2^-^8 ) n. an associate, a companion 
; a member of a university f^Ht* 
f^Vt^nr >r®{? ; an individual 

W^, I Fellow-citizen n. one belonging to 
the same city 

I Fellow-creature n. one of the same 
race i 

Fellow-feeling n. sympathy 

^\A I Fellowship ( ) n. friendly 

intercourse fail, ^ ; 

an endowment in a college i 

Felly (C^’fif) or Felloe ( C^»l’ ) n. one of 
the curved pieces of a w heel 6?^^^ 

f^Sm I 

Felode se ( ) n. self-murderer ’srl^- 
; self murder I 

Felon ( C^’»f5R ) n. one guilty of felony, a 
wicked person C*rt^ 

I Felonious ( ) adj. wicked 

9^ I 

Felony ( ) n. a grave crime punish- 
able with death »r^t*rrn i 

Felt ( ettp’e^ ; pa. t. and pa. p. o^' Feel. 

Felt ( ) n. a woollen fabric formed without 

weaving I 

Female ( ) adj. the sex that bears young 

I — n. a woman l 

Femerell ( ) n. an opening on the 

roof of a kitchen to escape smoke 
c<l1?[1 C^t9l ; a louver. 

Feminine ( ) adj. pertaining lo woman 

^ t ; tender ; vvomanly 

Femoral ( fip-'srt^sT ) adj. Ijclonging to the thigh 
^5ii* I ( also Femural ) 

Fen ( ) f7. a marshy land, a morass 

I —adj. Fenny. 

Fence ( ) ?/. a hedge or w'all for pro- 
tecting land C^'41, ; a receiver of 

stolen goods C5l?t?n»T l 

— V. t. to enclose with a fence * C'f, 

^1 OT f — V. i. to practise fencing 


Fencing ( ) n. the act of electing a fence 

c?[^1 fif^l ^tsr, ^ the art of 

defence with a sword ^ 

I To sit on the fence— 
orfi:*rf^l^t^t5 ♦r i Sunk fence-- a ditch 

Fend ( ) y. t. to defend, to ward off 

I — y. t. to offer resistance 

Fender n. a metal guard before a fire 

<rr^ i Fender board 



Fenian ( ) n. 

Feoff ( c^ip" ) n. a fief ^tl? I — y. /. 

to gi'ant possession of land on condition 
of military service ^‘'Rr*! 


[ 286 ] 


^fsr ;ftsr ^ 5 , 5rt!5 C? I Feoffment n. 

- the grant of fief ?tsf t 

Ferine ( C^f^«| ) adj\ pertaining to or like a 
wild beast Wl? 

; savage I 

Ferae nature n. wild animals \ 

Ferai ( ) adj. deadly ; funeral 

Feretory ( ) n. a shrine for relics 

carried in processions C*lt^t5It3l1 

c»f^t?r:»i^ >r«n 


Ferment ( ) n. any substance that 

excites fermentation 

), agitation, tumult 
I — V. t. to cause fermenta- 
tion ’Itn s^t’I I — I’, h 

to rise and swell by the action of 

fermentation tsin ^1 

fipHtt etp^ 5rtn 91^1 ; to be excited 
^ I Fermented liquor 

3l5f I Fermented p. adj. if^1, 

Fermentation ( ) fi. the act or 

process of fermenting 

; mental excitement 

Fern ( ) a kind of flowerless plant 

^5T I 

Ferocious ( ) adj. savage, fierce 

v5?tST^, ) I 

Ferocity ( ) n. fierceness, cruelty of 

'disposition f%K'S 

^^4^1 I Ferociousness n. J 

Ferreous ( ) adj. made of or 

pertaining to iron ^1 c^l 


Ferret ( ) v. t. to drive out of a hiding 

place ^?r1 ; to search 

out. I — ^ variety of the pole 

cat v£|f?p( I 

Ferrule ( fip’f^^j ) n. a metal cap on a staff etc. 
9rf^3i ?ri 'srr^ c^zm 

C11?, I also Ferre. 

Ferry ( etp’f^ ) n. a place for crossing a river 
or lake ; a ferry boat ^t'O i 

Ferryman n. one who keeps a ferry 
I —V. t. to convey over a 
water by boat 1 Ferry-toll = 


Fertile ( ) adj. able to produce 

abundantly, fruitful ^IWf, i 

Fertilise ( tPtt^arl^'SP^ ) v. t. to make fertile or 
fruitful ^ I Fertiliser n. 

one who or that which fertilises ^t3( f^'5’31, 
>imi ^^1 I 

Fertility ( tptfl>f^l!> ) n. fruitfulness, richness 
^Uy ^4if^ “tfV I 

Ferule ( ) n. a rod or cane used for 

punishing children at school C^tt^t?r1 

^1 I 

Fervency ( ) n. eagerness, zeal 

5^15^51, ; warmth of devotion 

^tn I 

Fervent ( ) adj. ardent, warm in feel- 
ing I Fervently adv. 

ardently ^T513(iC»T 1 

Fervescent ( tpT^"-f®-C5^ ) adj. growing hot 

Fervid ( ^Pt^;*f®ii[ ) adj. very hot 

; having burning desire, zealous 
^TSt, ^51, ^s, I 

Fervidity n. burning desire ^79^, 


Fervour ( ?Pt9"-^3r ) n. heat of mind, zeal 
^T®F51, I 

Festal ( ) adj. pertaining to a holiday, 
joyous 1 

Fester ( crp’^t^ ) v.' i. to become corrupt or 
malignant ^ ; to suppurate, to 

ulcerate Cflrcwf*l1 •It'nj Cir*!, ^»f, I 


[ 287 ] 


— y. t. to cause to rankle "^1 i — n. 

a suppurated wound C^»l1 ^ I c®^- 


Festive ( ) adj. joyous, mirthful 

Festival ( ) n. a joyful celebration 

r*f5T I 

Festivity ( ) n. joyfulness, social 

mirth I 

Festoon ( ) n. a garland suspended 

between two points Eft’ll, 

I - V. t. to adorn witli festoons 

Fetch ( ) v, t. to go and bring 'StH ; 

to obtain *11 ; to cause to yield i 

— n. a stratagem C^)*r3T, I 

Fetch and carry i 
Fetch to= to revive as from a swoon 
Wt5t <^1 ( Fetch up— to recover §5ri, 
irt? i 

Fate ( ) n. a festival i 

Fetich, Fetish ( C3pI5f“ ) f?. any object of 

worship supposed to have been inhabited 
by a spirit C^Q ^ 

Fetichism, Fetishism ( ) //. a belief 
in charms 


Fetid ( ) adj. stinking C^»I1 C’fl^ at^l, 


Fetlock ( ) n. a tuft of hair that 

grows above a horse’s hoof 


Fetters ( ^ ehain for the feet, 
anything that restrains 

I Fetter v. t. to restrain 
^^1, I 

Fetus ( ) n. the young of animals in 

the womb i ( also Feetue ) . 

Fetkk)^ or Feticide n. destruction of the 
fetus i 

Feud ( ftp'S'F; ) «. a quarrel, a bloody strife 

Feud ( ) n. a fief, territory held in fee 

5rt(5, I Feudal adj. pertain- 

ing to fiefs 

«rtl5 c^tTl ^itf^ I 

Feudalism n. the system of holding land on 
condition of military service 

5I1I5 Ceit^ ^^1 I 

Fever ( ) n. a disease marked by 
excessive bodily heat and cjuickening of 
the pulse m ; agitation I 

Be in fever ^ to be excited 
Brain fever = i Remittent fever 

m i intermi- 
ttent fever I Typhoid fever— 

I ~v. t. or V. i 

m 5 I 

Feverish ( ) adj. slightly fevered 

; fickle 

I Feverish excitement 

•nt-it I 

Few ( ) adj. small in number 

I A few 

— some I A good few— considerable 

liumbcr I In few~^ 

1 )!• icily 1 Fewness n. ^^^1, 


Fiance ( ) n. one’s bctrotlied 

^1 {Fern. 

Fiancee ). 

Fiasco ( ) n. a failure of any kind 

Fiat ( ) ti. a short order, a formal 

command 15^^, ; authorisa- 
tion I 

Fib ( ) fi. something said falsely f^5l 
^«11, I ~~v. i. to tell a fib 

f«lf1 ^ I 

Fibre ( ) «• threadlike tissues in 

animals or vegetables »ltt% 


[ 288 J 


; material \ Tough-fibre 
of body=ilt< I 

Fibred adj. having fibres i 

Fibril ( ) n. a small fibre ^ i 

Fibrous ( ) adj. consisting of fibres 

W I 

Fickle alj. inconstant, changeable 

55J931, i Fickle- 
ness n. I 

Ficlile ( ) adj. J 

Fiction ( ) «. a false story ^n^«rl ; 

the novel I 

Fictitious ( ) adj. imaginary, feigned 

f^l1, f I Fictitious purchaser 

Fiddle ( ) n. a stringed instrument of 

music C21^^911, ^*t1 >13, » —V. t. or 

V. i. to play on fiddle ^«l ^^1 ; to trifie 

> 11 ^, ; ^^1 ; 

I Play second fiddle — to take 

a subordinate part ^tc?1 

I Fiddling adj. futile, contemptible 

Fiddle-faddle n. trifling talk ^«n, 

>P5i? ^«rl I — V. i. to trifle ^n»t8Fl ^ i 
Fiddler ( ) n. one who fiddles C^9»f1 

fr*! I 

Fidelity ( ) n. faithfulness to a 

husband or wife ^1 ®f% 

; faithfulness ; 

honesty i 

Fidget ( ) V. i. to move uneasily 

I —n. rest- 
lessness I 

Fidgety ( ) adj. uneasy, restless ^5- 

555f53i, I Fidgeti- 
ness n. I 

Fiducial ( ) adj. showing confidence 

ai5T3W5f^ I 

Fiduciary ( ) adj. held in trust 

mfk ; I —8. one who 

holds anything in trust f^f[V 

C^W I 

Fie ( >Pt^ ) inter, denoting disgust 
fw I 

Fief ( ) see Feud, land given on con- 

dition of any military service 

5itf5, ^nti) I 

Field ( f^5T®" ) n. an open country in general, 
a piece of enclosed land for tillage 
n^TTst, ^r3«rf5t, C’vai ; a battle ground 

C^, ; room for action l — 

V. i. or V. t. to stand in position and to 
catch & stop a ball in cricket 

^tnir i 

Field allowance c^U^ > 

Field-book 5t3ri 

^1*1, I 

Field-day f*rst ; a day of 

tumult fw*t I Field-glass -a binocular 


?lf I Field-gun=^3i 

I Field-marshal = a military officer 
of the highest rank I 

Field-officer 'e’R vflW^t 

» Field-piece = a small cannon 
>T^ ^1 f^t»l I Field-preacher = 

one who preaches in the open air 

I Field of vision ^ 

f^srr^ p *itc^ 

I Keep the field —to maintain one’s 

ground W| ^ 8rt^ I Fielder 

n. one who fields i 

Field n. CW C«r»rTf»f ^1 ?r3*ft=r ; in cricket 
the persons on the side not batting 

?Pt»l3 C*lt^ i 

Fiend ( f^'O’ ) n. the devil CiTB, f*piftF, 
; an implicable enemy 

Fiendish, Fiend-like adj. f^^1, 

ifC? I 

Fierce { ) adj. ferocious, angry 

W»1 » 


[ 289 ] 


Fiercely a^/v. violently i 

Fierceness n. i 

Fiery ( ) ac/j. ardent, irritable C^, 

; Wt»r I Fieriness «. 

Fiesta ( ) n. i 

Fife ( 3P1??P^ ) n. a small flute 

I — t'. i. to play on the fife C^’ll ^efl i 
Fifer n. one who playi on a fife 

Fifteen ( ) ar//. & n. five and ten 


Fifteenth adj. the fifth after the tenth i 

Fifth ( ) adj. next after the fourth 

I Fifthly adv. in the 
fifth place ♦f^Psr I 

Fifth n. one of five equal parts 

Fifty ( ) adj. and n. five times ten 

I Fiftieth adj. the ordinal of fifty 
«r^t:i?1 l —a. one of fifty 
equal parts n?»t*r i 

Fig ( ) n. the fig tree or its fruit ; 

a thing of little consequence ^55 1 

( L. Ficus. ) I do not care a fig ■- 

Fight ( ) V. i. to contend in war or 

single combat ^*ip »lt^, I — v. t. 

to war against, to englige in conflict 
with ?Mr I [ pr. p. fighting ; pa. t. and 

pa. p. fought (^l^)]i To fight it out.- 
vitf^l FI I To fight shy of=to 

avoid TUm 

Fight ( ) n. a struggle, a battle 

?[*W, I Fighting adj. 

engaged in war I — n. the act of 

fighting ^11) I Fighting-cock n. a gamecock 
; a quarrelsome fellow 

Figment ( ) n. invention, fiction 

Flfw W I 

Figuline ( ) adj. fictile, made of 

earth i (pi-) 

m I 

Figurable ( ) adj. capable of being 

formccT “^^1, I 

Figuratc ( ) adj. of a certain deter- 
minate form C^U^^ Uzm I 

Figurative ( [tp‘5Ttr-^i?'iJ' ) adj. abounding in 

figures, flowery I 

Figure ( ) n. form, shape 

'51'f^l, ‘sri*! ; a drawing ^^[1, Pb35 ; a charac- 
ter denoting a numlicr 

; a figure of speech ; the 

form of a syllogism in Logic 1 

- — v. t. to form or shape 

‘5T? I — V. i. to make figures, to appear 
as a distinguished personage 

^ I 

Figured adj. adorned wiih figures Wl, 

fbOi'i, I 

Filaceous ( ) adj. composed of threads 

Filament ( ) n. a slender thread, a 
fibre ^t5, ^31 I Filamentous 

adj. threadlike 1 

Filariasis ( ) n. a kind of disease 

5?rnw C^1?n i Filaria 

n. #tn»r ftwtsi I 

Filatory ( ) n. a machine for spinning 

thread I 

Filature ( ) n. the reeling of silk from 

cocoons I 

Filch ( ) V. t. to steal i Filcher n. 

a lliicf t 

File ( ) n. a wire on which papers are 

strung pT C«ft?r1 “T^ll ?I1 C5i^ ; the 

papers placed in order on a string or 
wire irf^, C^tCSlI 

^<(1 ‘^31 ; a list ; a line of 

soldiers cai?! n^1 I —v. t. to 

place in order as payiers upon a file 
^f«r^ Mf^»l «1 ; to represent officially 
^ \ ( as to file a suit 

[ 290 ] 



or a complaint ) . — v. i. to march in a 

line as a soldiers i File-house 

File ( ) n- a tool for smoothing iron 

CW^ C5?r^ ; a pick pocket C5T^ 


Filemot ( ) adj. of the colour of a dead 

leaf5l^?1 I 

Filial ( ) adj. pertaining to a son or 

daughter i ( L. 

Films = a. son). 

Filiate, Filliate same as affiliate. 

Filibuster or Fillibuster ( ) « a. 

lawless military adventure 

; a member 

of the legislature who obstructs the 
passage of a bill by incessant talking 


Filibustering adj. i 

Filiform ( ) adj. having the form of a 

thread, long and slender i 

Filigree ( ) n. ornamental lace wojk 

of gold and silver 

I Filigreed adj. ornamented with filigree 

Filings ( ) n. {pi.) particles rubbed 

off with a file ^fk I 

Fill ( ) V. t. to make full ; 

to put into ^ ; to supply a vacancy 
^ ; to satisfy, 

to glut ^ — V. i. 

to become full ^ l — n. a full supply 

i Fill up 1 Fill in— 


Filling n. anything used to fill up 

Fillet ( ) n. a little band to tie round 

the head ^1 ; meat or fisli 

rolled and roasted '^^1 ^tl% ?1 

I — V. t. to bind with a fillet ftp^l 


Fillip ( ) V. t. to strike against the 

thumb with the nail of the finger 

; to incite ^5i>1 I — n. the 
sound caused by striking the nail of the 
finger against the thumb I Give a 

fillip to I 

Filly ( f?pf^ ) n. a young mare 
; a lively wanton girl 

Fille de cliambre i — de joie C^’tul ; 


Film ( ) n. a thin membrane 

^toi ; a very slender thread as that 
of a cobweb fsicst W ^^1 ; 

the coating on a photographic plate 'BTt^l 
'511^ '^U C®t'Q ; white coated thin 

cinema paper containing series of pic- 
tures I Film star, Film fan -»t?1 

f^3j <^^<1 ;fi4^ I 

Filler ( ; n. a contrivance to strain 
liquid I 

— V. t. to purify liquid by straining 
tlnough I — V. i. to- percolate 

511 1 

Filth ( ) n. foul matters fVAl, il»t, 

j Filthiness n. state of being filtliy 

Filthy ( ) adj. unclean, foul CVft^1&, 

Filtrate ( ftpp^-Cvi^ ) i. t. filter, to percolate 
I Filtration n. act of filtering 

Fin ( ) n. the organ of the fish by which 

it swims I Caudal 

fin I Finny adj. o|^i i Fin- 

footed m I 

Finable ( ) adj. liable to a fine «?-?!- 

Final ( ) adj. last decisive c*r^, 

I Finally adv. at last 
I Finality n. com lusivcness 


[ 291 ] 


Finale n. the end c*r^, i 

Finance ( ) n. public money, state 

revenue 5rtW^, 

fat® I — V. t. to furnish with money a'TT 

faatsR asa, ^atl f? 5»»1 i — faaaa^ i 
Financial ( ) adj. pertaining to 

finance atw^ faaaai, tsit^-a^a i 

—obligation fat^a tsta i 
Financier ) n. one skilled in 

financial matter atwa faaatS 
t5jta-aia fa*it=T^t6l, i 

Find ( attiJ’O" ) v. t. to discover ^f^al ; to 
meet with, to obtain ♦fl ; to experience 
ai'ta, 3js^ ; to arrive at a conclusion 

asa i ( pr. p. Finding, pa. t. and pa. 
p. Found ). Find out = to discover fa5Tfa 
^r»Tal I Find fault with-cTta aa, nrira aa i 
— n. . anything found cntal Utf? 

a^ aai i 

Finding act of finding C^ttai ; that 

which is found C*Tlal a^ ; a judicial 

verdict a;it«Tl»T^a ata, f5R»nf%, (?^a i 

Fine ( ) n. a sum of'money impossed as 
a penalty wfaaal, I — r. t. to punish 

by fine ata, Bffaaai aa, W'9 fa? i In 

fine— conclusion i 

Fine ( ) adj. not coarse faf? ; excellent 

^•aa, ; slender, thin ; elegant, 

showy •tfantf^ l Finely adv. 

elegantly faf^ta^ I Fineness n. 

slenderness, showincss ^**19^1, C*rt«1, 

fa'^»i?n I Fine-arts =aa^al?i fatutfaaitas, 
( caca ala atwai, ft® ItsTTft ) i 
Finer see Refiner. 

Finery ( iFtlcaa^ ) n. splendour irt^wa^, 

C^Jf ; a place where anything is refined 
caiirai a?r cataa *jiai i 
Finessa ( fv:a57 ) «. an artifice aa, fvf^a ; 

cai^a ( fac^atat tStsa caa® ) i 
Finger ( fiFi-ata ) n. one of the five termi- 
nal parts of the hand t — v. t, to 

handle with the finger, to pilfer 

®ia1, *C^1, ^ asa I — V. i. to use the fingers 

on a musical instrument i The 

fore finger i The middle finger = 
a<(tai, at^a i The third or ring finger 

=watfaai i The little finger -aft c^®>1 
1 Have at one’s fingcr-ends^to be 
master of a subject fta?'® fac»fa 

aa i A finger in the pie=-arfaa 
catra-i ataa ? i May count on 

the fingers --^^a caifta <^lfa I Finger 

board -atar asa aii^ftr fwitats^ ftal ast^ 
a^ I Finger bowl or glass =6t?taaa5raf 
aft?ta ?tiF ftal ^tfl> i 

Finger hole=^tfta i Finger mark, 

Finger print ai>*f1 i Finger post= 

ali>^ ftai ?t^a avi na i 

Fingering n. act of moving the fingers on a 
musical instrument at^ aiT® 
arfa I 

Finical ( fiFftc^aj ) adj. foppish, precise in 
trifles 15^, I 

Finis ( ftpft^; ) n. the end c*ra, aatftr i 

Finish ( fa*ft5 ) v. t. to bring to an end asft 
'E[^. c*na a^a ; to put an end to att aa, 

ais 5 all ai aisata asfa ^a cn»il i 
— n. that which finishes or completes 
ftc5| C*T?a arta, alaaft i Finished adj. 
complete i Finisher n. one who 

completes aafta^ I 

Finite ( ) adj. having a limit 

^ataaf i ( opposite of Infinite). 

Finny sec Fin. 

Fiord, Fjord ( ) n. a long narrow rock- 

bound inlet aa^fat»t calatl at^faa 

ata f»r»T atrv i 

Fir ( iFfa* ) n. the nime of several species 
of coniferous trees aaa ®faa, 

caa«Tt¥ I 

Fire ( ) n. the heat and light caused 

by burning ^1, ailll ; conflagration ajftT- 


[ 292 ] 


ardour of passion, enthusiasm "SISTSi 
I — /. to set on fire, to 
inflame ; to dist harge as 

a gun ; to irritate 

Cv:rf9f I - — r. i. to take fire WiN i Fire 
was opened on 

I Fire off -to discharge a 
shot I Fire up - to start a 

fire, to fly into a passion i 

To set the Thames on i 

To set on fire= M^^ i To take fire ^ 

I To hang Lre^si^f^ 

^ I To go through fire and waters 

face ail perils 

^ I Fire-arms i 
Fire Insurance 

Fire-arms ( ) n. weapons which 

are discharged by fire 

I Fire brigade n. a com])nny of men 
for extinguishing fire I 

Fire-bucket n. rt^ft i 

Fire-engine n. ^5T, F3t?T*j=f i Fire- 
fly n. I Fire-line tt. ?f ^\5 

I Fire-Jock 

n. a musket | Fire-man n. a man 
who takes care of the fire in a steam 
engine I Fire-pan n. 

<>^1 *115 I Fire-raising n. the crime of 
arson i Fire-ship n. »T3P^ 

«rt5tW, I I 'ire-side n. the hearth 

^^is\ I Fire stick n. C'3t«Tl i 

Fire-works n. {pi.) prcjiaradons of [low- 
der to be fired for dis])lay ^If^, 

^tr^f I Fire-wood n. ^bir, l Fire- 

worship '^fhi I 

Firing ( 5Ff?Tf^v ) n. act of putting fire to 

; discharge of guns CW< 

^«t; fuel *f^1 I 

Firkin ( ) n. a measure equal to 

9 gallons 5? c^v\^ I 

Firm ( ) adj. fixed, compact, resolute ^7, 

Firmly adt/. i Firmness n. i 

Firm ( ) n. a business house or partner- 

(Tft^rjT I 

Firmament ( ) n. the sky 


Firman ( ) n. a decree of the Turkish 

^tSrtiS5l I 

First ( ) adJ. foremost, chief ^5111%, 

aiTfs?, ^9ri I ~adj. before anything else 

I From First to last^ 

“^1 I First of all --C‘^t^ 

l First born - -■ 

^., '5151'^ I First fruits fruits first 
gatheted in a season *t^ i First 


entn I Firstling n. the 
first ons]')ring of any animal 

I Firstly adu. in the first place 
I First-rate adj. of the high- 
est excellence I First 

water adj. of the highest quality 'Sifij 
) I 

Firth ( ) or Frith ( flP't; ) n. the mouth of 

a river as it fidls into the sea I 

Fiscal ( ) adj. pertaining to the 

])ubHc treasury or revenue 

I — ti. a 

treasurer ^^1'^ I 

Fish ( r^*t; ) n. an animal living in water 
and breathing through gills I ( pL 
Fish or Fithes). — v. t. to search for fish 
; to draw out ^f^lll I 
fish for to seek to obtain by cunning 
means ^5^ i A queer 

fish - a person of odd habits 'BJt'Q 

I Be neither fish nor flesh— to be 
of no fixed principle cll&l 

tve 51^^ 

I Have other fish to try==«(1^ 


[ 293 ] 


®lt^ I Make fish of one and 
flesh of another 

»! I Fish carver, Fish knife 

C^W I Fish creel n. a 

wicker basket for carrying fish ^TftaT I 
Fisher ( ) w. one wlio fislics 

^4^?rl, I Fisherman n. 

one whose occupation is to catch fish 

; wu^ui, 


Fishery ( ) n. a place for catching 

fish fsitST, I ( as 

Fishery Act). Fish weir, Fish garth n. an 
cnciosurc In a river for the ])reserving 
of fish ^1^ I Fish hook n. a hook for 
catching fish I 

Fishing ( ) n. the art of catching fish 

5lt5 I Fishing rod n. 

a rod used in angling I Fishing 

tackle «. I 

Fish monger ( ) ) tz. a dealer in fish 

^Itp^r i Fish wife, Fish 

woman n. “Slt® ; a woman who sells 


Fishy ( fipfV ) adj. like a fish ; 

dubious as a sioi y i 

Fissile ( fifpftST ) adj. that can be cleft 'STllI 

n^l i 

Fissive adj. 

Fissure ( fip5t^ ) n. a chasm, a cleft I 
Fissured adj. cleft i 

Fist ( ) ti. clenched hand 

C^t5l I — V. t. to strike with the fist 
C^t5l ?lt?, I Fisticuffs «. blows 

with the fist i 

Fistula ( ) «. a narrow passage ^9['\ ; 

a deep narrow ulcer c^tJl ’*11, 

C^t^T I Fistulous adj. 
cvt:*rr»i1 t Fist-Iaw=cartstW^^ 

Fit (f^ ) a4j. suitable, convenient 

Cirt^, 6^, I — V. t. or i>. t. to 

make fit or suitable «n, mf^ ; to 
suit, to adapt 5, ^ 1 Fit 

for=qualified CTl^T, i Fit out = to 

supply with stores •tt'O ^Wl, C’^Tfill 

CW I Fit up=to provide with 
suitable things »T, 

^trw 91*511, *it'® I ( pa. p. Fitted ) 
m I 

Fit ( ) «. a sudden convulsive attack 

; a sudden attack of anything 
ttf^, 511 C5t^, 

I Epileptic fit - a disease characterised 
by convulsions and loss of consciousness 
I Fits and starts-^ 
impulsively and irregularly C^l^'9 C^tC’l I 
By fils irregularly l 

Fitful ( ) adj. full of fits 

&a»5i, c^tc^ii 1 

Filly ( ) adv. conveniently, suitably 

fec5i5-in^ I 

Fitness ( ) n. slate of being fit 

Fitter ( fV|t^ ) n. he who fits 

511 ^91 nn^l^ 5r( CWt^l Sl-tfl^^l, fvil^u 

Fitting (fVr^* ) adj. appropriate 

0511*5111^5^*1, C^l5i1^ C«f1«lll I Fittingly adv. 

Fittings n. { pi. ) anything used in fitting 
up 911*511^^191 


Fitz ( ) n. { a prefix ) son of ( 

Five ( 5|5tl^ ) «. or adj. four and one ^15 i 
Five fold^*it5 «•! i ( see Fifth ). 

Fix ( 1^515^ ) V. t: to make firm 91^1, 

^1^ ; to settle 5|i^, irt^y | (as to 
fix a rent ). Fix n. ( coll.) a difficulty 
filir^rr^, ?lf«9T, f^^f% I Fixable adj. capa- 
ble of being fixed ^?l1^ *1^1 ^1 *t<1 i 

Fixature ( ) n. jfai vnriH^I ^il i 


[ 294 ] 


Fixity n. fixedness 

«r?T|1 I Fixed adj. settled *(t^I ; 

fast ; permanent I 

Fixture ( ) n, anything firmly 

attached to 

^ »It1% «1^1 'Cltsi iii^1 I 

Fizgig ( ) n. a flirtatious young 

woman ; a cracker 


Fizz ( ) or Fizzle r. /. to make a hiss- 
ing sound ( n/) ) i Fizz 

n. C’P*! ^^1 ?r*f I 

Flabby ( C?pf^ ) adj. yielding, easily moved 
C»l^r>T^, C^t^r^T ; hanging loose 
CffWf\U I 

Flabbergast ( ) v. t. to confound 


Flaccid ( ) adj. flabby, soft and 
weak I Flaccidity n. 

want of firmness f^»11 nx ^*91 i 

Flag ( CJF^l' ) V. i. to grow languid f l^T ^ 
? I Flaggy adj. 


Flag ( ) «• reed-grass Wt^^f 


Flag ( CIF’f: ) n. ensign i 

Flag of distress 

) I Flag of truce — 
>Tt% C^ 1 »n ^ST 1 I Black 

flag-^-CFt^ 1 To show 

black flog ^ 1 White 

flag=^f^^ I Yeliow flag--=^Wlinw^ 

c^irr?[ 1 Hang 

oat the red flag=iS[^t»T 1 Strike 

or lower the flag-=f^iytiT 
CfsTl I Flag stone=C 5 C*t^i f^»i ( 
in^t^ =vr^ I 

Flagellate ( ci^fwcei^' ) v. t. to whip c^t^1, 

I Flagellation n. whipping 


Flageolet ( ) n. a straight flute 

ttft I 

Flagitious ( C|pfW>Sf5: ) adj. very wicked «lt% 
I —ness n. i 

Flagon ( ) «. a vessel with a narrow 

neck for holding liquids C^t^1 l 

Flagrant ( dP’^sr-C^^' ) adj. glaring, noto- 
rious "p(^, C^t4 I Flagrancy 

H. enormity ^41^1 I 

Flag-ship ti. the ship that bears the 
commander of a squadron 
C^t^1 I Flag-slaff n. a pole on 

which a flag displayed 
^^1 «^'&1 I 

Flail ( ClP'^ai ) n. an instrument for thra- 
shing grain I 

Flake ( Cll^ ) n. very small loose mass as 
of snow or wool vn:^ 

C^trs^l C’J^tel ; a small flat layer 

I Flaky adj. «3rni-^«?r, 


Flambeau ( C|F^{-^ ) «• a lighted torcli V»rl 

cw*1^ I ( pi. ) Flambeaux. 

Flamboyant ( ) adj. gorgeously 

coloured or decorated ; ijayfr I — 

n. ^»T, ^ I 

Flame ( ) n. light emitted from fire 
^fhf^’*n, ^^4 ; ardour of temper 


C^ir, I ~v. i. to blaze 

Flaming adj. blazing, gaudy, violent 

; red l 

Flamingo ( Cjpf^tsr’ ) n. a kind of bird uof^lii 


Flange ( C1?^W" ) n. a raised edge as of a 
rail 'e'lr «1^1 *J14 nt^ ( c^m 

c»rt^ ) I 

Flank ( Clf9l ) n. the side of an animal from 
the ribs to the thigh nnc? 

iliFifT ♦ft’t ; the side of an army or fleet 
^14 Wt^lW 

^1 C^’il ' — t'. t. to attack or 

turn round the lidc of <4 


t 293 ] 


I In flank at the side ; 


Flannel ( CIPC^s^ ) n. a soft woollen cloth 

Flap ( CIPn ) n. anything broad and hang- 
ing loose 'eaifit 

I Flaps of a file board - 
c«rt5l 15%^ ; the blow or motion 

of a broad loose object 

"T-^f I — V. t. to beat with a 
flap ♦itRr? I — V. z. to move as 

wings CWt=^t^, t ( pa. t. 

flapped ). Flapdoodle 71 . gross flattery 

^ni>n I 

Flap ( Cff*f ) be in, get into a C911I1 1 

Flare ( ) v. i. to burn or shine with 

an unsteady light 

? ; to glitter, to display, to glow as 
with fire ^ I Flar- 
ing adj. gaudy I 

Flash ( CF*r; ) n. a sudden burst of light 
5^^, 1 - -v. t. or v. i. to 

cause to flash, to brust out into brilliancy 
^ I Flash-house 

a brothel C?*zrf9|? t Flashing n. a sudden 
burst of light or of water 
^*(f1 I To flash into one’s mind — 

sjijty I Flash in the pan Ci5^i 1 
Flashily adv. with empty show I 

Flashy adj. dazzling for a moment 5^5|^?1, 

Flask ( CIP^^ ) «• bottle, a narrow rici ked 

vessel I 

Flat ( C|P§ ) adj. smooth, level ; 

insipid ; dejected 

; positive i — ri. a level plain 

; a story of a house 1 

suite of rooms on one floor »11C^ 

Flat boat 1 Flat- 

footed = resolute I Flat- 

iron^l© I Flatly adv. peremptorily, 


I Flatness n. evenness 
CK*li^1 H-l I 

Flatten ( ) v. t. to make flat CK^fill 


Flatter ( cS^t^ ) v. t. to please with praise, 
and false hopes ^1^1, 

»l^n, I Flatterer n. 

I Flattery n. false 

praise fiHI 

Flatfish ( ) adj. somewhat flat 

Flatulence ( ) n. distension of the 

bowels, wind in the stomach C*lt> 

C*l& I 

Flatulent ( CiPfS^CSI^ ) adj. affected with wind 
in the stomach C^l> 'e3P**ri, ; empty, 

vain CtftcnT^n, cni?^ W^ll I 

Flaunt ( ) V. i. to wave in the wind 

; to carry 

a gaudy appearance 

I Flaunting n. 


Flavour ( CJP’®1^ ) a peculiar taste or smell 
C^t^, ^9t*f I Flavourous adj. pleasing to 
the taste or smell l 

Flaw ( JP ) n. a gust of wind «ltf^ 

C^mi citil ; a sudden rush ; 

a crack, a defect fk^T, 3?!?, 

Flax ( CJP^ ) «• the fibres of flax-plant »f*I 

^®1, »l*l f\t I Flax-seed n. a linseed 1 

Flaxen adj. like flax ; fair and 

flowing I Flaxy adj. of 

a light colour i 

Flay ( C|P’ ) V. t. to strip oflf the skin 
tl5l, ' ( pa- P- Flayed ). 

Flea ( fjP ) f" a wmigless insect of great 
agility v£f<«t ^If’l 

•i\U C*lt^, ^1^), 

I A flea in one’s car anything 

Fleek [ 296 ] Flimsy 

irritating ; a rebuff i Flea-bitten 

adj. C^tC^ ^5, C?<3n^1 ; mean. 

Fleck ( C?P’^ ) n. a spot or speckle *ft^, 

I Flecked adj. spotted i 

Fleck or Flecker v. t. to spot C?, 


Fled ( c?Pff ) pa. t. and pa.p of Flee. 

Fledge ( ) V. t. to furnish with wings 

or feathers ♦itRt W \ 

Fledged I Fledgling 

n. a little Ihrd acqiiiriug feathers for 

flying 6<!1^ I 

Flee ( fjp ) V. i. to mu away .is from 
danger :gl ( [pa. t. and pa. p. 

Fled. ) 

Fleece ( ) n. the coat of wool obtained 

from a sheep I — v. t. to 

clip wool from ; the plun- 
der I Fleeced adj. having a 

fleece I Fleecer n. a plunderer 

Fleecy ( ) adj. wooly i 

Fleer ( ) v. t. or v. i. to mock 

^ I Fleering n. mockery 


Fleet ( 5^^ ) n. {pi.) a numbei of worships 
in company ; a division of 

the navy C^] f^®t^ I 

Fleet ( ) adj. nimble, swift 

I Fleeting adj. transient 

I — V. i. to pass swiftly to 
flit C^lTt^ I 

Flesh ( CIP’5" ) n: the soft substance which 
covers the bones of animals ) ; 

the body, not the soul c^1 ; animal 

nature ; mankind ; 

kindred ; the soft substance of fruit 
'e^f^ *1®? I — V. t. to train to eat 
flesh ; to use ( a 

sword ) upon flesh '5[3R *fr^ 

^ \ In the flesh alive '•Tgrif'® ; in 

the carnal state i 

Flesliinciiis ( C?P’f%f5T5“ ) n. corpulence 'SfSft??! 

<1^1 ^^^1 I 

Fleshings ( Cjp’f%“s5 ) n. ( pi. ) thin ilcsh- 
colourcd dress used by d.mccrs 

I Flesh- 
less adj. lean I Fleshly 

adr. corpoi-.d, carnal 

Fleshy ( CiP&t ) adj. fat, plump 

I Mesh pollery n. sumptuous living 

‘^r<l i Flesh-monger n. dealer in 

flesh I 

Flew ( ^ ) pa. 1. of' Fly. 

Flexible ( cjr j adj. ])liaiU, easily 

l)eiii C’^S'l I also Flexile. 

Flexibleness, Flexibility a. ])liancy 

I I 

Flexion ( ) or Flection n. a bend, a 

fold I ^^]?1 I 

Flexure ( ) ri. a bend or tui nlng 

Flicker ( ) v. t. to flutter as the wings 
of a bird ; to burn ujislcadlly 

^'iy ^t'O I lie 

is going to the flicks to-night 
^t'O I Flickering adj. unsteady 

Flight ( 5^1^^ ) n. act of flying ; excur- 
sion a scries of steps ; a flock 

of birds ; 

a volley or shower C'tTt^l 
»ii:^ ; act of fleeing 

; distance that bird, aircraft or 
any missile can fly ®rU1W, 

C^U^^ ntC^ I 

Flighty adj. changeable 5^»1, 

I Take to flight -= run away 
nait^ ^1 I 

Flimsy ( ) adj. thin without strength 

or reason 


C 297 ] 


Flinch ( fiR*r“ ) v. i, to draw back <f1> 

Fling ( flPt ) V. t. ( pa. t. and pa. p flung ) 
to throw from the hand, to dart 

-HU ; to scatter Tl « 
—n. a cast or throw 

‘•R*! ; a taunt i Fling out to act 

recklessly C^t:=Tl 

I Full fling — at the utmost speed 

Flint ( ) n. a hard stone 

f%5T, I Flinty adj. like 

flint, very hard, cruel » 

Flip ( ) V. t. to fillip, to toss with the 

fingers I 

Flip-flap n. viif<K 

nra^ Rm \^tis i 

Flippancy ( fjpcnf^ ) n. pcrtncss '^•1, 

Flippant ( ) n. quick of speech, talkative, 
pert Clj 2 ^^afl?l i 

Flirt ( jptl ^ ) V. t.. to move about quickly 
I — V. i. to trifle 
with love ; Jlo move briskly 

about f CVt^T^ I — n. a pert, 

giddy girl 5^5^ 155P911 ^ I Flir-. 

tation n. the act of flirting ^ 

eWt^t^R ; coquetry ^t^- 


Flit ( ) V. i. to flutter ; to fly quickly 

; to change one’s place l 

(with about, by, to and fro) Flitting n. wander- 
ing I 

Flitter ( ) v. i. to flutter i 

— mouse == bat i 

Flitters ( ) n. ( pi. ) rags, tatters ^h- 

Float ( Jp’§ ) V. {. to swim on the surface 
; to circulate as a rumour 
15 , '< 3^1 ; to launch to bring into 

operation C^Tf^l ; «m 

I Float a company =c^tc^1 

C®rt^ I — V. t. to cause to swim 
'e*f«T ; to set agoing I — n. any- 
thing that swims i 

Floatage ( ) n. the floating capacity of 

a thing ''em^ I 

Floating adj swimming '<5^1% I 

Floating debt=«lRf»6^ i 

Flock ( ) n. a company of animals, as 

sheep 'srt^ > — v. i. to gather in flocks 'ift^ 

♦tt^, •It'JT I Folck n. a lock of wool 

c^t^, I Flock bed^-c^t^r 


Flog ( IF'JT; ) V. t. to best, to lash, to strike 
I pa. p. Flogging i 

Flood ( ) n. a great flow of water, inun- 
dation, a deluge U»I, ’ITsfl, W- 

I — V. t. to inundate, to overflow 

to bleed profusely ^n, I 

Flood-gate n. a gale for letting in or pre- 
venting water ni^ 
ftr?n I Flood-tide «. 

^tfv5^ I The flood -^15^5591^ C’ltaR 

; the deluge in the days of 
Noah. Flood of tears = 

5^^ C»11 I 

Floor ( ) n. the lower i)art of a room on 
which we stand 

5J1 ; any levelled area I 

— V. t. to furnish with a floor 
C^it? I First floor- the floor of a 

house above the ground floor 

ven^^ ^^911 I Ground floor 


Flooring ( JP’R* ) )i. material for floors, a plat- 
form T5tt, I 

Flop ( ) V. t. to cause to hang clown 

'ece^t^l < ( see Flap ). — n. a fill plump on 

the ground C««T^'5f I 

Flora ( ?P’=?r1 ) n. the collective plants or 
vegetables of a country ; a 


[ 298 ] 



k on jikinis ) 




Floral { 

} nf. 

per! a 

ining to flowers 


Florenline ( ^ c- ) 

adj. pertaining to 


ciicc in Tus! 

Many C'f\t 

tv 1 

Florescence ^ 

^ ) (li 

e season of llowering 

in p' 

?? a’>-'V >ivv, 

1 i lorosccnl 

M,'/. ') 

>:i; sling into flowers 



tore ( ]rU^‘1 


??. the culture of 


'.M'S or jiLsuts 


C?t^i I 


( ) adj. 


it in colour, orna- 


, ■'It 5#lVl 1 


r ; ;c r 

111 Fari 

:lish silver coin worth 

2r x 

r^^i\ 1 


( / n. , 

a cult 

ivator of flowers, a 


er on llowcrs 

; ^ 

«1 C5>[r5*'f'3'j 1 

Floss ( 

:, ) n. (!ic 


downy substance in 


liusks of rer 

tain ] 

dants C315|^1 




also riosli ). 


< silk n. 

T 1 Flossy ntj 


>€m 1 


sec Moatage. 

Flotation ( ) 

I ;?. t 

the act of floating 

»'r^1 7|R 

3m ; act 

of f 

1 oaring a cm, 





( ) n. ;■ 

i fie cl 

of small ships >1^ 

Flotsam ( ) n. goods lost Ijy ship wreck 

and lloating on the sea 'Onf^ 9f^1 

C?1^1 <?^ I 

Flounce ( ) v. i. to move impatiently 

I ~n. an impati- 
ent gesture I Flounce ti. 

a plaited strip in the skirt of a dress 

I ~v. i. to 

deck with flounces C#t5 91^1, 


Flounder ( ) v. i. to struggle with 
violent motion 

I —n. a small flat fish 

Flour ( ?P'-^t=T ) n. the fine soft powder of any 
substance '5rf&t«f^, I —v. t. 

to reduce into or sprinkle with flour 

I Floury ( ) adj. 


Flourish { ) v. i. to be prosperous, to 
thrive ^1?*^!^ ; to display 

ostentatiously i 

— r. t. to brandish, to s^ving about by 
way of show 

( ) ; to embellish 

I — «. decoration ; a 

fimciful stroke of the pen C*Tl? ; the 

waving of the weapon ^^1 

'SIS ; showy splendour ; a 

musical prelude I Flourish of 

trumpets -any ostentatious display 

I Flourishing adj. thriving, prosperous 

Flout ( ) V. t. or V. i. to treat with 

contempt, to mock I 

Flow ( ?p’ ) V. i. to run as water ; 

to move as air ^ ) ; to glide 

smoothly ; to circulate as blood 59T 

( C'J'Sf ) ^ ; to rise as the tide 

^ I ( oppo. to ebb ) to hang loose 
\ — }i. a stream 

; abundance <3^^ 

3r^<'Sl1*l ; the setting in of the tide ; 

free expression i Flowing adj. 

moving as water C^tTl ; fluent 


Flower ( ) n. the blossom of a plant 

; the best portion of anything >rt^ 
^t*=T, ; the prime of life C'B^d 

; a figure of speech ^«rt^ 

\ — V. t. to embellish 

with figures ^ ) I 


[ 299 3 


— V. i. lo l)]ossoin i Flower 

Ct>tnl I Flower show an 
exhibition of Jlowcrs ^ ^«»r 

I Floweret n. a floret 3=isp t 
Flower-stalk iiR I Flowery adj. lull 

of flowers ; Jloi id, lilghly o: Jirrmeuied 

1 ^, i Flowery pekoe 

=•511% f’f^' 5t5, f rfJj f 

Flown ( ) jm. p. of fly. 

Fla ( ^ ) n. {coll) influenza C^'HU i 

Fluctuate ( ) v- i. to waver, to float 

backward and forward 1?, 

f I Fluctuant, Fluctuating adj. unsettled 

I Fluctuation n. 

motion hither and thither 
5t^ I 

Flue ( ^ ) «. a smoke-pipe C*t*t?n C^1 ^ 

; soft fur C^t^T i Fluey adj. 

Fluent ( ) adj. voluble, rapid in the use 

ofw'ords ^«n ^^11, 

I Fluency n. rapidity of utterance 
?5«(1 ?P^ n^1 *Tf^ i Fluently 
adj. I 

Fluff ( ) n. a soft down from cotton 

etc. I 

— y adj. I 

Fluid ( ) adj. tliat which can flow 
I — n. a liquid substance 
^1 ^sT*i¥i I 

Fluidity ( ) n. the quality of being 

fluid ( 

Fluke ( ) n. tlic part of an anclior that 

fiistcns in the ground 

’ll C®fl5Fl ; any unexpected advantage 

Flume ( ) n. an artificial channel for 
water I To 

go up the flume - to come to grief N ^l, 


Flummery ( ) «. a kind of acid jelly, 

empty talk -srltim, f^ie1 i 

Flung ( iPlt, ) pa. t. and pa. p. of tiic 


Flunkey ( ?p|f^ ) «. a livery scr\ an', a 

Flaor ( ) n 

Flarry ; ; n. a ^ud'h/a i.ftv. sedden. 

coiumoiirui *2;'^ '.'Frc'i ?y 

I — !. ?o avilatc 

Flush ( ) /i. llo\V o{']*!er)d !■> t’e- r.t, e 

\^i< CT?, 

freshness ; abuiida’ace 

1 — V. i. or r. 1. to become or 

mark red in the face 

Tf-7[ ; to elate ^ ; to ( !i\;nse iiy ra].nd 

flow of water W^Z'< IT-n :*ll I 

— adj. hot and heavy as weather 

( ) ; abunding i Flushed with 

victory 3tsf^ ? i Flushed 

adj. ex( ited I Fhishy { p'bn ) 

reddish I First-flush of ieiivcs=fiei?< 


Fluster ( ) v. /. to confuse c<r*;2:1^«.1 
C5rt5f^It»l > — ?'• /’■ to bmi’c ?p<; | — ji, 

confusion tir<: i 

Flute ( nvusleal yiiv;c :ft, v>'s7t i 

— V. i. to plri\ tlic flute g'S^I I 

Flutter ( 1 r. f. to move aluuif with 

bustle ; lo viV>rnie 

9t^1 ; to lu' in aeimtiem T!T» 5 i 
— n. i. to throw into d'so'dcr 

; (o ino'.'c in qni' k nn'ii'Uis I 

— enufnuon C^lvpn^t, 

Fluvial ( ) adj. of Of i'c:]oaying to 

river 1 

Flux ( IPt^ ) n. art of floAviuy. a discharge 
generally from a muk ons Tviciri|>.-,» jte 

quirk sueet'ss.'on ^?,71 I 

— V. f. to melt y to liow f 

Fluxion ( ipHld ) n. a fle 


[ 300 ] 


-21? Ilf, I ( in math. ) varialion of a 


Fly ( ) V. i. [/);-. p, flying, pa. t. flctv (^), 

pa. p. flona { ’;^.T ) J to move through 
the air on wings 7[1 ; to flee ^fq't trl, 
W?r^ ; to burst suddenly 

5 I — r. t. to quit, to avoid ii^, 

; to cause to fly ns a kite ^f1 i Fly at 
— to attack suddenly i Fly 

opon= to open suddenly 

I Fly out to brus‘ out into a rage 
I Fly in the face of=^to insult, to 
Dispose ^W, I Let fly 

=to attack m:ii5r«i (rn«it^ cw, cw i 
Flyer n. that whe h goes with high 
speed; an airman C^tT! Tl 

Wt^tw I 

Fly ( JPtt ) n. a winged insect ; a light 
carriage ^f?i( i A fly in the oint- 

ment TTfgpst oft^, 

til nm I Break a fly on the wheel 

to inflict a piinisiirncnt ebsproportion- 
ate to the orTence c^UlS 

^4 I FJyilis saucer 

^^♦1515 I Idyaway n.lj. flighty 55|»»T i 

Flyblow ft. ilic egg of a fly 5itfe \ 

Flyblown adj. tainted with the eggs of a 
fly fvf^1 I Flying-bridge n. a ferry 

boat propelled by the action of the 
current and a rope across thff river 

C^1t5t5 1 *tt? ^t \9 I Fly-leaf 

n. a blank leaf at the beginning and end 
of a book '6*fr^ 

^1 1 Flyman n. one who works 

the ropes in a theatre 

tP5f% ceit^ I Fly-wheel n. a large wheel 
applied to machinery TfSftcsT 

^9T1) 5yi:5Tt?1 I Fly-paper 

Foal ( ) n. the young of a mare 

ent^tfi^ I —V. t, to bring forth a foal 

W»f1 I Foaling n. bringing forth 
of a foal C^t^l W’Sl I 

Foam ( ctPt’Sf ) n. froth ctp*! i — v. i. to gather 
foam ; to be in a rage I 

Foamy ( ) adj. fiothy I 

Fob ( ?p’^- ) «. a trick ; a small 

wMteh pocket in the waistband 
«f^1 I —V. t. to cheat im 

^ I 

Focal ( ) adj. belonging to a focus 

Focus n. a point in which several 

rays meet 

C^W 1 [ pL Focuses, Foci 
( ) ] — V. t. to concentrate 

I Focussing cloth ='5i1t^1 c^tC»ltr^ 
715^ \Qn^t5 r^f^ll 

; a cloth used by photographers 
to exclude light. 

Fodder ( ) n. food for cattle spp 

I — V. t. to supply with fodder 
’^it^ C? I 

Foe ( 7f’ ) n. an enemy »t3P, ; an ill- 

wisher I 

Fcctus, Fetus ( ) n. the young of ani- 
mals in womb i Foeticide, 

Feticide n. destruction of the fetus 

Fog ( TP-sf" } ;;. a thick vapour rising from 
land or w'atcr i Fogginess n. slate 
of being foggy f C^1^1 ^^^1, 


Foggy ( tFf% ) adj. misty, obscure 

Foh ( ) hiterj f^: I 

Foible ( ) «. a failing, a moral weak- 
ness \*\ I 

Foil ( ) V. t. to frustrate, to defeat 

5?^ I — n. a defeat ‘*1^1'^?, ; 

a blunt sword used in fencing 

C*®ti5l I —n. a tiiin 
plate of metal put under something to 


[ 301 ] 


increase its lustre 

l Put to the 

foiI=^*Tf^ Tp^ I 

Foist ( ) V. t. to insert wrongfully or 

secretly C*f, • f I ( foist into a 

thing, and upon a person ) 

vU . 

Fold ( ) n. the doubling of any flexible 
substance I 

( pi. ) intricacy I — v. t. to lay one 

part over another #tW »I^1, 

; to wrap up c^?1 » Folding adj. 
that can be folded *R1, 

♦fsrl I ( as a folding chair ). Folding 

machine i Tenfold- 

Fold ( ip’i® ) n. an enclosure for sheep 

; a flock of sheep ; 

a church I — v. t. to confine in a 

fold ^tlFT I 

Foliage ( iF’f^Tirw: ) n. leaves of trees 
♦ft^ I 

Foliate ( ) v. t. to beat into a thin 

plate ; to cover with leaf 

metal nl^j I Foliated adj. orna- 
mented with leaf \ 

Foliation ( ) n. the leafing of 

plants ; the beating into 

thin plates, spreading foil over a glass to 
form a mirror ^^*1, 

Folio ( ?p’fiT-isi’ ) n. a sheet of paper once 
folded «il^tW f«r?1 ; a book of two 

leaves to a sheet 

; a page in an account 
book ; a sheet of paper 

containing space for a certain number 

of words used in law-courts 
■^7pw[ ♦flTS I (pi Folios ). 

Folk ( ) n. people in general ; 

a nation or race Wlf^, I 
Folklore ( ) n. a department of the 

study of antiquities relating to the 
manners and customs of the common people 

Folk-tale ( ) n. a popular unwritten 

story I 

Follicle ( ) n. a seed vessel 

«fl>? I 

Follow ( ipsT-^’ ) V. t. to go after or behind 
Trl ; to pursue W ; 

to attend ^1 ?n ; 

to imitate ; to obey 

; to result from 5 I 

To follow home -= to follow closely 
ntC5 c<f^ i To follow sult= 

to imitate, f3[ 

I To follow iip=to purusc an advan- 
tage I To follow in the foot- 

steps of=^g^^«! I As follows 
It follows 

n^i ^wi >11^ I 

Follower ( ) n. one who comes after, 
a disciple 

Following ( ) n. the whole body of 

supporters »t^r^Tl1 ^ I — adj. coming next 
after, subsequent 

Folly ( ) n. silliness, a foolish act 

Foment ( ) v, t. to bathe with warm 

water t5n^ C’T^,' C»f, ; 

to encourage ^5^1 i Fomentation ii. a 
bathing with warm water C^'O ; 

encouragement | 

Fond ( ^P'O ) adj. foolishly loving 
; very affectionate 

; prizing highly ( with of ) 


Fondle ( ^P'Qa^ ) v. t. to caress to treat with 

^ I Fondling n. ^1 i 


[ 302 3 


Fondly ( ) adv. lovingly, foolishly 

Fondncs^j ( ) /i. aflcction, indulgence 

Font ( 1 , Fount ( ) «. a baptismal 



Fount ( 57-11;*^ ) a complete assortment of 
types for printing 

I Fontal adj. pertaining to a font 
or origin '-T®! i 

FonHcuius ( ) w. a small ulcer 

caused by certain medicinal substance 

'^^•1 C5t?rl ^1 ; the depression over 
breast bone I 

Food ( ) n. what one feeds on 

Fool ( I «. one destitute of reason 
i ~v. t. to deceive 
123^ I — V. i. to play the fool ; 

I To fool with - to meddle with 

I To fool away = to spend to no pur- 
pose I To make a fool 

of - to bring a person to disgrace 

M i I To play the fool --to 
l)eliave as a fool 


Foolery ( ) n. an act of folly 

i Fool-hardy adj. rash, fooli- 
shly i'old I 

Foolish ( ) adj. wanting discretion 

I Foolishly adv. 

in a foolish manner I Foolish- 
ness n. foolci-y I 

Fools-crrand n. a foolish enterprise 

Fool’s-cap n. I 

Foolscap ( ) n. a kind of paper, 

( S'zc 34-5 43 Cms, ) l 

Foot ( '-^>'3 ) n. that part of the body on 
\vhich an animal stands *1?, 

; the low^er part ^c?f, 

®N, t 5 »l®N ; a measure=-12 inches 

; measure in ijoetry CSlt^^ 
^^*1 I At the foot of^^^ I By 
foot or on foot = c^tw^tl>, i To put 

one’s best foot foremost=F3T 

I To put one’s foot in it — 
to spoil anything by indiscretion 

^ 1 To set on foot=to originate 
I — 1>. i. to 

dance, to walk I ( pL feet ). 

Foot-ball n. a large ball for kicking 
about cm^ ClFtn i Foot-bath «. act 

of bathing the feet 

C^51 I Foot-board n. a board in 
a carriage for suppo»i’ting the foot 

f^Xl1 I Footboy n. 
an attendant in livery 
fngn I Foot bridge n. C^1TI 

f^1 I Footfall n. foot- 
step C'tftW I Footgear n. »TtW, 

(fWt'35tr»Itlf1 I Footguards n. ( pL ) 
guards that serve on foot 

i Foothold n. 

X\^ I Foot soldier 

I Footing ( ) n. a ydacc for the 

foot to rest on ; firm foun- 
dation ct^, ; position, settle- 
ment ^^Tl, ; dancQ 5Rt5 I Foot- 

light ( ) n. lights in front of 

a stage »Tr^t9l *Tt^, 

I Footman n. a man servant 
9\nzi1 I Footprint, footmark n. 

T^^ ; a track i Foot note n. a note 

of reference at the foot of a page 

I Foot-pad n. a high 
w'ay robber I Footpath n. a 

narrow way lor travellers on foot 
^5t:?rt?1 I Footstep 

ti. a track C^tW i Foot and mouth 

disease • Footrule 

n. CWt«(1 I 


[ 303 3 


Footle ( ) V. i. to trifle ^ i — n. 

foolishness I 

Foozle ( ) n. ( coll. ) v. t. or v. i. to 
bungle; do clumsily 

>151? ^^1 I 

Fop i^X ) ^ dandy ^ i 

Fopling n. l 

Foppery ( ) n. a foolish vanity in dress 

or manners i 

Foppish ( ) adj. vain and showy in dress 


For ( ) prep, for the sake of, in the 

place of ^tc?, ^Z^, ; 

during | — coiij. because 

; on the account that >13lf^, ; 

For all that -^inspitc of i For all 

the world C^lr^l i • As for as far 

as c oncerns I For good - permanently 

I For the 

better - i For life^ 

Forage ( t^Z'<^ ) n. food for horses and cattle 
I — V. i. to go in search of fodder 

?1 I —v. t. to plunder 
WA ; Foraging adj. i 

Forasmuch ( ) corij. because that 

Foray ( ip^ <£’ ) an iru ursion into an enemy’s 
country ^^51? I — v. t. to ravage 


Forbade pa. t. of forbid. 

Forbear ( ) v. i. to cease, to 

.abstain i — v. t. to abstain 

from, to avoid, to bear with 

^■Sfl 7^^ I 

Forbearance ( 5P^;-c??tC=^sj»~ ) n. exercise of 
patience >1^5?!^ ; clemency 

??1 I Forbearing adj. })aticnt 
>1^^? ; long-suffering I 

Forbid ( ) v. t. to prohibit, to 

order no* to do Of, ?t5t1 

?t^*) i Forbidden eidj. ]>: oliiluicd 
?5?1, ; unlawful 

I Forbidding adj. repulsive, uipileasant 
•Jtfl'® 1 Forbidden fruit W'-^ I 

( ) I 
Force ( 5P’^“ ) n. strcngtii, power 

C?^, OSft^ ; efficacy "tH?, ^=1 ; inlluence 

; co-ercion ; v'olenrc 

; validity ( in y/. ) nclhary 

strength I — /. to (oacprl *T; 'fi 

; to )nr'h by 

main sirengdi ^V' ; 

to ravish ; to cause \.o viocu 

rai)idly *t', ; ; to labc- i-y 

force sjttfB' 5^ I By force i 

To be in force 

sit^ I Rules in force f<p-f i To come 

into force - $ i 

Forced ( ) adj. acrf>m])lishcd l)y 

great effiort I ( as a forced im-rdi i 

strained C%f^ ; unuatural 


Forceps ( a pair of tongs or juncers 

for holding something delicate C^r*l^1, 

>l?t5 I 

Forcible ( ) flr/;. active, done by force 

; efficacious c^i^i ; 

imprt'ssive p, C?t^1 i 

Forcibly ( ) ridv. by force ^cT 

Ford ( 5P’i§ ) n. a place where water may be 
crossed on foot ’fl^ ! C^1^- 

— :'. /. to cross 

water in foot 

Fordable adj. passable on fool 

^1^1, ^^1*N I 

Fore ( 5PR" ) adj. in front of, comming first 
I —adr. before, at the 

front of I Fore and aft -- 

length wise of a ship i 

To the force i 


[ 304 ] 


Forearm ( ) n. the part of the arm 

between the wrist and the elbow 

I — V. t. to arm or prepare befoiehand 
^ I 

Forebode ( ) v. t. to predict, to feel a 

secret sense of future evil 

Foreboding ( ) n. appreciation of 

coming evil 'SJ^T^ ^5^11 I 

Forecast ( <jit$ ) v. t. to plan beforehand, to 
foresee f5®si ;^W1, 

'Sfsillt I — . . foresight 

Il5^1 I 

Foreclose ( ) v. t. preclude, to prevent 

^T<(1 ir^1 I To foreclose 

a mortgage 


Foreclosure ( ) ?i. the process of 

compelling the mortgagee to forfeit his right 
to redeem the property 
?|55t«1 I 

Foredeck ( ) n. the forepart of a ship 

Forefather ( ) an ancestor ; 

Forefinger ( ) n. the , finger next the 
thumb I Fore-foot n. one of 

the anterior feet of a quadruped 

ck I 

Forego ( ) v. t. to give up to, force bear 

the use of i Foregone 

p. adj. gone before 
c^mi I 

Foregone conclusion-- (3^11 

I Foregoing p. adj. preceding 

Foreground n. the font part of a picture, 
as opposed to background 
iti I 

Forehand «. the part of a horse in front 
of the rider I — adj. done 

beforehand =^^^1 i Forehanded 

adj. payment for goods or service made 
beforehand ; timely, sea- 
sonable. I 

Forehead ( ?P’-C5®" ) n. the fore part of the 
head^<1t»l i 

Foreign ( ) adj. belonging to 

another country 

unconnected '®T>I9f® ; not belong- 
ing to I Foreign built — 

5j^® I —Exchange 

Foreigner ( ) n. a native of another 

country I 

Forejudge ( jttdgc before 

hand £rsit«1 
^t?^1 I 

Foreknow ( ) v. t. to foresee 

srtst, ^«(1 ni i 

Foreland n. a hcadhind i 

Forelock ( ) n. the lock of hair on the 

forclicad ^1% I Take time 

by the forclock^io take the earliest oppor- 

5 ^ 5 ^! 

Foreman ( ) «• the chief man, an 

overseer l 

Foremast ( ) n. the forward mast of 

a vessel i 

Foremost ( ) adj. first in place, 
rank or dignity ^stl, C2fi, 


Forenoon n. midday 

Forensic ( ) ^^0- belonging to courts 

of law ^RTcl® t 

Forensic medicine medic al jurisprudence 
ailt*! I 

Foreordain v. t. to pi-edesiinate 

^1 fi{^ I Fore-ordination^ 


Forepart n. ihc front, the beginning 


[ 305 ] 


Forerun v. t. to come before, to procedc 
^ I Forerunner n. a 
messenger sent before ; 

a sign that something is to follow 


Foresaid ( ) adj. described bcfru c 

Fore-say ( ) t. to predict 
^ I 

Foresee ( ) v. t. to know befoi 

♦n i 

Foreshow v. t. to predict i 

Foresight ( ) «. act of foreseeing, 


; the sight on the muzzle of a gun 
fpf?ii c’ltcsiui I 

Foreskin n. the skin that covers the glans 
penis I 

Forest ( ) n. an uncultivated tract of 

land covered with trees and under-wood 

I Forester n. an 
officer who supervises a reserved forest 
C5't?i i 

Conservator of forest 35^ i 

Forestry n. the art of cultivating forest 

Forestall ( ) v. t. to buy up the whole 

stock of goods for the purpose of making 
a profit C3lf5 

^ ; to anticipate ^^1*5 

^ A'i ^ I Forestaller n. one 
who forestalls 
C^Tt?'!, I 

Foretaste ( ) v. i. to taste before, 

to anticipate C’Tl^tff »T, 


Foretell ( ) v. t. to tell before, to 

prophesy ^<rl ^ 1 Foreteller n. 

^ 1 , I 

Forethought ( ) n. previous thouglit, 

foresight f^^1, nt5««TPl I 


Forever ( ) adu. for all time to come 


Forewarm ( ) v. t. warn beforc-hand 

Forfeit ( ) v. t. to loose the rights 

to by some offence 

^1 C^UU^ I — n. 

a ])cnalty for breach of some condition, a 
fine I Forfeitable cidj, 

subject to forfeiture 


Forfeiture ( tp^^-pp-bt^ ) act of forfeiting 
^9j5f9 ewe^t, 'Sf^ I Forfeiture of money 
I Forfeiture of recognizance 

Forgave fm. t. of forgive. 

Forge ( tp'# ) 11 . a place where iron is heated, 
a smithy I —v. t. to 

form by heating and hammering 
fn^', ^te P C911 fnt% ; to fabri- 
cate I Forger n. one who 

forges I 

Forgery , ) n. act of counterfeiting 

or falsifying ^^9\ ^^* 1 , I 

Forget ( ) V. t. ( pa: t. forgot ; pa. p. 

forgot, forgotten ) to loosQ from the 
memory I Forgetful adj. apt to 

forget 1 Forgetfulness n. ^ST, ^5?T, 

; state of being forgetful. Forget 
oneself— to loose self control 

^ I Forget-me-not n. a small herb 
with blue llowcrs v£if^«t 

; a keepsake t 

Forgive ( ) v. t. to pardon, to over- 

look an ofTcncc •Jp^ll 'SJtJp 

^^1 {pa. t. forgave ; pa. p. for- 
given). Forgiveness ( ) n. 

pardon I Forgiving 

( Tp^--fsT®-t^ ) adj. ready to forgive, 
merciful I 

Forgo same as Forego. 

Forgot sec Forget, 


I 306 ] 


Fork ( ) n, an instrumen with prongs 

I {pL) ihc branches 
into which a road or river divides 
Tl 5ptf5 c^3i I —V. i. to 

divide into two branches ; to 

shoot into blades *^1^ i Forked, Forky 
adj. I 

Forlorn ( ) adj. forsaken, qnilc lost, 

helpless J 

Forlorn-hope ( 

soldiers selected for some perilous service 

c^tc^i Uz'^n ?r-^i 

m ^l»rl I 

Form ( 51s4 ) n. shape 

beauty or elegance ; a ino<I< ! 

; a mould ; a sp< ; ijrii‘u <1(» ai- 

ment ; csml/ii- 

shed practice 4^f7, ; mode of 

arrangement <(^«l ; the type fro:n which 
an impression is to be taken hi printing 

I —V. t. 

to give shape to, to make 

; to settle as an opinion 
I To take form — to assume a definite 
form i Formal ( ) 

adj. according to form 

Formalist ( ) n. one having undne 

regard to rules fe-lt C^t-T, 


Formality ( ) n. the precise obscrvaiK-e 

of forms f^fV, 7;T;5I'T- I 

Formally adv. according to forms 

I Formation n. making, stnu lin e 
f^t*l, i'iT I 

Formative adj. giving fo^m 

n^1 I 

Format ( ) n. the size, form and shajx- in 

which books are issued 

Formalize i 

Formate ( ) n. a salt prepared from 

formic acid c^lt*! i 

Forme (^5^4) n. a long scat ; a class 

; the body of 

tyjic secured in chase for printing 

Former ( ) adj. ( comparative of fore ) 

past, first mentioned 

I Formerly ( ) adv. here- 
tofore i 

Formic ( ) adj. pertaining to ants 

I Formication n. a creeping sensa- 
tion on the skin, I 

Formidable ( 5pf^:i5^c=^ ) adj. causing fear 


Fc-miila ( ) n. a formal statement 

of (loct l ines ; a prescribed form 

i ( pi- Formulae, Formulas ) 
Formulate, Formulise v. t. to state in a 
definite form ' 

Fornicate ( ) v- i* to commit lewd- 
ness 3fl I For- 

nication n. a sexual intercourse between 
tw'o unmarried persons tf^, 

Forsake ( ) v. t. { pa. l. forsook, 
pa. p. forsaken) to desert, to abandon 

3?5:g, I Forsaking adj. abandoned 

ii'<1 I Forsaking n. i 

Forsooth ( ) adv. in truth 

Forswear ( ) v. to deny upon oath 

t Forswear 

oneself - *t^l5 ’•I'l ; to swear 


Fort ( j n. a for b css ^‘»f, *51^ i 

Forte ( ) ti. that in which one excels 

Forte ( ) adj. loud T^^fk C^t31 i 

Forth ( } adv. forward in place or order, 


[ 307 ] 


in advance 'srtC'sicv i And so forth - 


Forthcoming ( ) adj. ready to appear 


hcrthnitli ( ip ) adv. immediately 


ForiActh (' I adj. next afiei llie lliii iv- 

niiilli I 

Fortify ( ) v. f. to streiigihen with 

forts etc. ; to confirm 


Fortiheafion ( v=f^-rtPC<-*JiT ) n. the an oi 
strengthening a lui’ilary position V,^ 

; a work of defence 

•n? C^-ti I 

Fortitude ( ) n. power of cmhirancc 


Fortnight ( ) ti. fourteen days 

^^15, 'ii^? I Fortnightly 

adr. or adj. once a fortnight 

Fortress ( j «• a fortified ])lac e 'ipi, 

C<-li ; a defence i 

Fortuitous ( ) adj. <'»ecitieiu<d 

Fo! lunate ( ) adj. lucky susjjiciou.^ 

I Foriunately adv. 
luckily I 

Fortune ( ) n. luck, whatever con u s 

by ( h inrc ; success, wcalih 

ii'y4], I Fortuiic-teiicr ?c 

one who ])rcleiids to tell the future >i<^ 


Forty ( ^p|^ ) n. or adj. two times twenty 
I The forty — die Frciu h 
Academy I 

Forum ( 3p’^T^ ) n. the market place in Rome 
where public business was tiansactcJ 
C^U ; the com IS 

of law I 

Forward ( ) adj. at the forepart 'Slffl- 

Ort^1 : prompt ready '5l<a>i<T, 

; early ripe “^^1 I 

— i. to help on ; 

to send on ; to advance, to promote 

>t^tv '^1 I —adv. towards the 

front 'oipx^Mc^to^ ; onward I For- 

! v'ard tie patch -to be sent towards the 

I l -U ;;... oK^ip 1 

iciwauht-;- //. iu t of sending on 

<.rei I — adj. as in Fonvarding memo 

cb'i^l I Forwardness n. promptness, 
c.n irc.niicss I 

Fcbs, Fosse ( 5pi>; ) n. a ditch, a moat ‘si^- 

I’cu'nl i 5).fb«?[ ) n. the petrified remains of 
an a:;l:aal or vegetable found embedded 
in the earth 

vii ^tTt^ C^U^1 is^j, 

irlv /i' 1 — adj. dug out of the earth 
■j't-i*? ’Kl ; antiquated 

Fossilise ; ) v. t. to fossilify, to 

< iiao a fossil r»I5^itsi^ 3par, 

Foxter : r<' ) tc t. to nurse 

'i .--; < 11 . ; to encourage 

1 i oiicr-brother n. tgit t Fostcr- 

chiid n. C'e1‘<n'Hi^1 I Foster-nioster n. 

C^1?1 I Foster-son n. 
oiiv- bi ought u'p as a son C^1, 

c'nu ! 

Fooghi ( 3pu 1. and pa. p. ol Fight. 

Foul ■; >r*'^c1 ; adj. filthy, impure, obscene 

; stormy 

V as 'a-caduT } ; peini- 

tious I — V. t. or V. i. to 

in.iki lilthy, to come into collision 

i Foul-mouthed, Foul- 
spoken addicted to the use of foul 
language. I FouIplay = 

diNlumcsi dealing I 

Claim a foul -C^^i^ 



[ 308 j 

^fsT '6!^? ST.*, I Fall foul to ass.mli 

I Foulness n. liUIiyncss 

Found ( and pa. p. ol i iiid ). 

Found ( jpt^'O ) V. t. lo lay the ion of, 
to originate <f.^, ^Tmi, ; to 

form by melting and pouring into a moultl, 
to cast ^i- 5 ^ \,U 1 

Foundation ( ) «. the base of a buil- 
ding ; t]ic act of founding 

; the Ijasis 

'Of^ < Foundation stone <t' ^ t 

Founder ( spt^'Qt^; ) n. one avIio fuids or 

one who casts metals as brass f(.>undcr 

I —a. (. to fill V.itli water 
and sink ; to disaldi' a horse by 

injuring its feet Csrt<1 n-. I - r. i. 

to fill and skin ttp, i 

Foundry, Foundery ( ) n. the art of 

casting metal, the wlwfc founding 

is carried on t>lf^ 


Foundling ( ) n. a desert cal o.- exposed 

child 7i<stst, f*ft3 I 

Fount ( ) see Font 

Fountain ( tF'f^s[-(;5sr ) a spring of water 

; tlie source of anything 

; a rcscr\-oh- for lioldijig oil in a 
lamp I ( also Fount ) Fouiitain*' 

hcad n. the beginning i 

Fountainpen «. a pen with a contrivance 
to hold ink in it lift ^ 9 | 3 r, 

Four ( 5p’^' ) adj. and n. two and two 5ir<J, 

I Fourfold adj. four timi ■s as much 
I Four-footed adj. liavmg 
four feet I Four-score 

adj. four limes twenty Ftf% ( Four- 
square n. a square i 

Fourth-rate adj. of the fourth class 

Caf'fl^ I Go on all fours - to go on hands 
and feet C’itt'W ^1? i Four-seater 

ti. a motor-car having scats for four persons 
5t3i 51 I 

fourteen ( ) n. and adj. four and ten 

Cb^<l I Fourteenth adj. and ;/. the fourth 
after the tenth F^4r»r i 
f ourth ( ip’5j ) adj. next after the third 

I Fourthly adv. 

5tr^ ^5P1 I 

Fowl ( ') n. a bird ; a cock or hen 
^^1$ ; the flesh of the fowl 

I Fowler ( ) n. a sports- 
man I Fowling piece ( ) 

n. a light gun I 

Fox ( ) n. a cunning wild beast ^t* 

I Foxey ( ) adj. of foxes, 

cunning i Foxed adj. dis- 
coloured I Fox hound, 

Fox-terrier n. i 

Fox tail n. a kind of grass lia\ ing a Im.shy 
head I (fern. Vixen ) Foxy 

I Fox and geese - 

C^5t I 

Fracas ( C3»’-C^ ) u. a noisy ^luarrcl 

Fraction ( CSP^-U^T ) n. a fi agimau 

I Fractional adj. con- 
sisting in fractions I 

Fractious ( C3P^’?1B' ) adj. apt to quarrel, cross, 
fretful ^^^1 I 

Fracture ( ) n. the breaking of any 

hard body or of a bone ?P1&, '5'5T1 

I Compound or complicated fracture 

mi ( ) I 

Fragile ( ClpWlt^ ) 'tdj. easily broken, delicate 

I Fragility n., weakness ^*1, 


Fragment ( ) «• a piece broken ofi', 

a small portion I Frag- 


[ 309 ] 


mentary adj. broken 


Fragrant ( pf’-CtSI^ ) adj. sweet scented, 
sweet smelling i Fragrance, 

Fragrancy n. sweetness of smell 

Frail ( ) adj. weak ; wanting in 

firmness ; unchaste 

I — n. a kind of rush i 

Frailty, Frailness n. weakness, infirmity 
F!p91t5l, ; foible I 

Fraise ( Clf'Wl ) n. a palisade of pointed 
stakes CWtt ^ ip? i 

Frame ( C3P’^{ ) v. t. to form, to shape, to fit 
to something else, to adjust ’ft'ff, f^*6t*l 
I — n. the form ^taf, ; the 

skeleton of anything ; a case made to 
enclose or support anything 

( as a window frame ) ; ( as 

of an image ) ; stage of mind 

I Frame work ^ the skeleton of 
anything itT5, « Frame maker n. 


Franc ( C3Py ) n. a French silver coin worth 
9\ d. cn«l* 

^ I 

Franchise ( c3P^-^tlw; ) n. liberty ; 

a privilege granted by authority 

^ ; right of voting for a 
member of Parliament 

\ —V. t. to enfranchise 
^ s^U I 

Franciscan ( ) adj. belonging to 

the order of monks founded by St. Francis 
c»it^ I 

Frangible ( ) adj. easily broken 


Frank ( cawr ) adj. open, candid in expression 
c<rf»n, >f^ai i —v. t. to 

send a letter free of postage f^sfl 
C^lTft^ nil I — n. signature of a per- 
son having authority to send a free 

letter fsfe nit? ♦Rt 

I Frankly adv. candidly C^rtait^f^t^, 
'ST^n&^SttR I Frankness n. candidness 'St^n^ 
'0«I I 

Frank ( C3P? ) n. one of the German tribes 
who founded French C?n 

's?tf^t*r?it^ I 

Frankincense ( ) n. a sweet smell- 

ing resinous substance used in saciifices 
^n, I 

Franklin ( C3P9^fai? ) n. an English free- 
holder ?BfH ?lf^T4 ?tr?1 ^tsf^ 

Frantic ( C2PR-I^ ) adj. mad, furious 
«?tn, I 

Frater ( ) ri. a rcfector ^i 


Fraternal ( ) adj. brotherly 

I ( L. Frater 

= a brother ). 

Fraternity ( ) n. brotherhood ^t^- 

; a society 
^^t3i '51^ M? I 

Fraternise ( ) v. i. to associate 

as brothers l 

Fratricide ( C3Pf&-Ft?® ) n. the murder of a 
brother I 

Fraud ( 3P^: ) n. deceit I 

Fraudulcnce ( ) n. deceit a'3t^*n, 

0^5P?1 I 

Fraudulent ( ) adj. deceitful, dis- 
honest I — ly 

adv. I 

Fraught ( 3I>^ ) n. the freight of a ship 

I ~v. t. to fill ??, cif I 

—pa. adj. loaded, filled ^^51 f??1, i 

Fray ( CIP' ) n. an affray I 

— V. t. to wear off by rubbing 
f??1 I 

Freak ( fsF^ ) n. a sudden whim, caprice 
?!t? C?t?1 ??? «t? ; 


[ 310 ] 


sport ; an abnormal product of 

nature i Freakish, 

Frcal'iul aJj. capricious 

I - /. to varkr;^alc fb3i-r<r6i5 

i Fsei'ik of nature - » 

Freckle ( ) v. L. io spot \ 

---;L ;i i)ro\\-nish ycllo'.v spot on the skin 
•sit^ ^<t1 C^tV I 

Free (f^ ) alj. at liberty ^'53, ; 

not bound ; tmimpeded 

; c.a^inyH (witli from) 

'■^fk ; giatui'ous cnl^1, 

; frank 

C^W I — i,'. /. to set at liberty 

I Free of cost^^f^^l i 
Free from disease - i 

Free frotn bondage ^l^its i Make 
free v.ith- to take undue liberties with 
m, I Free of rent 

I ( as land ) Free fron; guilt or 
lijtbility = i 

Free-booter ( ) n. a plunderer 

I Frcc-booiing >/. robboy i 

Free-born adj. born of free parents 
C^-f^sj C5t?1 I 

Frcc-city n. an iiidcpciidcnt city 

Freedman ( ) /c a slave who has Ijecn 

made free i 

Freedom ( tj? ^:'4 ) n. li!)crty, familiarity 

; lircnrc 

Free-hand adj. { applied to drawing ) 

<•<^1 ( f&ai ) I 

Free-handed adj. liberal irfifl, 


Free-hearted adj. open hearted ; 

liberal 'Ssf U I 

Freehold ( ) n. a property held free 

of duty I Free-hoider w. 

Free-labour ( ) fi. voluntary labour 

-fkdt » 

Free-love n. Ca^J, 


Freely ( ) uir. with liberty, willingly 
'St-llc*!, ; liberally 

^1:^, ^viVt'i5U‘5 I 

Freeman n. a man who enjoys certain 
special privilege C^t^, 


Freemason (fl?-i:Vb^) n. a member of a 
secret society for mutual help 

I Free- 
masonry n. 

Frcc-schcol n. a school where no Uition 
fees are levied i 

Freethinker ;c a rationalist 

Freetrade n. trade without restrietion 

Freewill n. liberty of choice 
9jfb I 

Frec-haiiMdtion i 

Freeze ( ) e. i to ( ongeal, to become 

a so!:d body ^^<^1 ^(“fr I — v. t. 

(o li nden in'o iec C'>nb i 

( fa. t. Froze ; pa. p. Frozen ). Freezing 

point n. till' icmpri aturc at which 

water ’[(•ft I 

'5Jbr| <.-41 !• 

Freight { Cd.''6i , ?.'• ilie < argo ol a sliip 

c<t5» ($ ; ( lurgc for can ying goods 

r^(c11 "^‘<1 wt<?r< ^1?1 I —V. i. to 

load a shij) Stilt'S!? ^ > 

Freighter ( C3f'bl< } '*ri5T f^5n i 

French ( ) ndj belonging to France 

or its people 3^!^ C^*l< I 

To take French leave to depart wiiliout 
notice tifu ?n I 

Frenetic, — al ( CSP’C'^ff^C''^^ ) ^dj. 

maci, frenzied i 


[ 311 ] 


Frenzy ( ) «• ^ violent excitement 

I Frenzied adj. 

Frequent ( f2p-C^U?[‘'5 ) adj. hav.pening often 

'i\m 0^191, I Frequency 

n. the act of occurring often CM91 

\ Frequent e. t. to visit 

often "5151 C^T91 

^ I Frequently adu. often ^ts- 

Frequentative ( ) adj. denot- 
ing frequent repetition C5t?1 


Fresco ( ClP’b-^’ , n. a kind of painting on fresh 
plaster upon walls 

fbiy I — t. to paint in fres; o 
C#b1 f&35 t 

Fresh ( C3PX ) adj. new and strong 

^|3p ; not stale (gFWl, fw^1, C^bl ; 

recently produced ilt 

healthy refreshing ^f^- 

\ Fresh water -C?1 1^1 C^tr^T^I 
7TttfR«l I Freshness n. 


Freshen ( ) v. t. to make fresh 

; to take the saltness 
Call'll I ~V. t. grow fresh 

5 I 

Freshet ( C3P'rb^ ) ft. a fresh water sti eatn 'W'l^, 
; a flood of rain in a river 

Freshman ( csP’b-C^r^^t ) v. a novice, a university 
student in his first year ^ 

7[]fk^ I 

Fret ( C3F’^ ) V. t. to wear by rubbing 
fVff^ ^tg f^^’l ; to vex, to irritate VT" 

C^t*7 I — V. i. to wear away ; to be 

peevish «rt ? I —a. agitation, 


Fret ( ciP'^ ) n. a piece of interlaced orna- 
mental work 5T?1 I —V. t. 

to ornament with raised work 'C<f 

I Fretted adj. oinamented 
with frets I Fret-work n. 

Fretful • ( ) adj. peevish 

1 Fi'ctfulness n. stale of being 
fretful 1 

Fretting n. vexing i 

Friable { SPU^T^lcT ) adj. easily crumbled 
13*^ W, I 

Friar ( ) n. a class of begging monks 

Friary ( SPfe^^d ) n. a monastery 
^'taisi I 

Fribble ( ) r. i. to t’aflc 6^?^, | 

~-n. or Fribbler ( flp?anl?! ) ffjf:??!, 


Friction ( ; n. tlic act of rubbing 

; unpleasantness I 

Friction-wheels n. wltccls tliat lessen friction 

I Fricdon-bcarlng^ 
b^r^jj C9% 

Friday ( 3Pi|-C3 ; n. the sixth day of the week. 


Friend ( C3P ■0 i a. one loving another, an 
intimate acquaintance f5J3i, 

I Friendliness ( C3P''55f«^^5^5; ) n. 
kind dlsposlilon. good will £i«r?, 

f^a3l, i Friendly adj. like a 

friend, hwoura^de 

I Friendship atta( hment based 

on mutual es ecm 

fsilt^ 1 FricneSy societies 

7TrJl9tJft I 

Frieze ( f^Sr" ; a coarse woollen cloth ^vilh a 
map on one side J:5p1b5i 

Frigate ( fa^-ett^ ) 7i. a ship of swar carrying 28 to 
60 guns I Frigate-bird n. 

uif9*t I 

Fright ( ) n- sudden fear ^5*=^, ; 


[ 1 


terror 'o^T I The horse took fright 
«(tr9T ^rrcffi I 

Frighten ( ) v. t. to alarm, to make 

afraid tf’ni i 

Frightful ( 3Pt^5^^®T ) adj. shocking,, fearful 
9t5ri, I Frightfully adv. 

terribly i Frightful- 

ness n. ^55 I Fjightsome adu. feeling fright 

Frigid ( } adj. frozen ; 

cold cm, 


Frigidity ( fspf^f^f^ ) coldness, want of 
animation 13«1, 


Frigidly ( ) adv. coldly 

I Frigidness n. 

Frill ( f3F?[ ) n. a ruffle, a crimped ending 
of linen \ —v. t. to furnish with 

frills C^t5 » — V. i. to ruffle, as feathers 
of birds when shivering 

^5^ I Frilling n. frilled edging C^tF, 

f3F5T I 

Fringe ( ) n. a kind of loose thread 

forming a border ^t5r»r, ; 

the extremity l — v. t. to adorn 

with fringe ; to border 

^591 ctf I 

Frippery ( ) wornout clothes 

; a place for selling old clothes 
C^51 ; trifles I 

— adj. trifling, useless '®i?p4«n i 

Fripper n. a seller of old clothes 

Frisk ( ) V. i. to leap playfully Ct5^ 

C*f, I Frisking adj 

CtS'ef^TTi I Friskful adj. brisk, lively 


Frisky ( fpf% ) adj. lively, frolicsome 

C<f5lTr«irm I FrisW- 

Frit ( f3P^~ ) n. materials of which glass is 
made ; a small fly 

injurious to wheat ift^f 

C’Tt^ I 

Frith ( f3P^‘ ) , Fifth ( ) n. a narrow inlet 
of the sea C^Hfl I 

Frith ( ) n. peace *rff% i — Gild n. union 

of neighbours for preservation of peace 
»rrl%^>ipi fitfsre^ ^^^^1 


Fritter ( ) n. a kind of pan cake 

Catt5|t3 ^®f1 I —V. t. to break into 

Iragments i Fritterer 

n, one who wastes time ^&t?f I 

To fritter away -to diminish gradually 
aprsf 51^1 ^ ‘ 

Frivolous ( ) adj. silly, trifling 

^*3['» I Frivolously adj in a 

silly manner Tmt, i Fri- 

volousness n. 

Frivolity ( ) n. levity, habit of 

trifling ^6^:51, ^rtf^ i 

Frizz, Friz ( fipat ) v. t. to curl, to make rough 
or trangled 

91^1 I — n. a curl l[fqaf <|tW Tl I 
Frizzed adj. having the hair cr’4ped iii o 
frizzes ^&1, i 

Frizzle ( ) v. t. to crisp into short 

small curls ^tW 

I — n. a curl ^rw, 

^^1 I — V. t. or V. i. to fry, to grill 'StW, 

ent^ I 

Fro ( 3P ) adv. from, backward 

» To and fro^--tipt*! f^»r, 

Frock ( 3P^ ) fi. a loose upper garment 3F^ 

C51»11. ^^1 C5t9l1, c«f*n I Frock coat 

nn cFr»n i 

Frog ( 38P^ ) n. a tailless amphibious animal 
Frog-eater=a French man ipTtft 
{Tr«^?[ c®^s?l c^t«1 I 

Frolic ( 3Pf^^ ) adj. merry, gay 


[ 313 ] 

I — n. gaiety, merrymaking 4^, 
I — V. i. to play with 
pranks I 

Frolicsome ( ) adj. sportive 

From ( 3ir5{ ) prep, forth, out of, by reason 
of ; away i 

Front ( 3P^* ) 11 . the forepart of anything 

; boldness, impudence 
« —adj. of, relating 
to, or in the front I — v. t. or 

V. i. to stand in front of, to oppose 
ij, I Iniront of=«rr‘5T^. 1 

Frontage ( ) n. the front part of a 
building I 

Frontal ( ) oAj. belonging to the fore- 
head or front ^IT^T, I 

— n. a front piece ^1 

C^U^^ I 

Frontier ( ) n. the boundary of a 

province or country ^'STt^ CW^, 

C5PtC5Tl C^»R < 

—adj. bordering 

Frontispiece ( 3Pl^P^^ ) n. a picture facing 
the first page of a book C=^str^1 

t^TTl ; the face of a building 

Frontless ( ) ^4j- devoid of shame 
c^Tc^tn I 

Frontlet ( ) n. a band-worn on the 

forehead I 

Frost ( aF^ ) n. frozen-dew 

fij'JT, \ — V. t. to cover with hoarfrost 
^ I Frost-bitten-affect- 
ed by frost qlfn 

C^tal I Frost-bound = confined 

by frost » Frosted 

adj. covered by frost or any fine powder 
c^Tr?n irr^ c<fT^ i 

Frosty ( ) adj. producing or containing 

frost ^1 ; frost like 



C7CV&1 ; wanting in affection 

Froth ( ap<( ) n. the foam on liquids caused by 
boiling ; a showy but empty speech 
Tm I —V. t. or V. i. to 

throw up froth Ctps^ ^<S 1 

Frothy ( 3Pf^ ) adj. full of froth, empty 

Frounce ( aFT$9»; ) v. t. to plait, to curl 
^(^1, C^t*n I ( see Flounce ). 

Frow n. 1 

Froward ( ) adj. perverse, self-willed 

csnrst^l 1 Frowardness n. 
C‘*ttC<ftt^1 ?ll5ntr»T I 

Frown ( 3PT^) v. i. to look angry, to wrinkle 
the brow as in anger 

^lfe C«tt*n n^1 I —n. a look of dis- 
pleasure ^ c«tt*n I 

Frowning adj. glooming I Frown- 

ingly adj. CTT^^t^tt^, C’TtC’*n- 

5lt^ I 

Frowsty ( aP'oft ) adj. smelling badly CSTT^l^fl 
c-ntrff'nn i 

Frozen ( ) sec Freeze, 

Fructify ( ) v. t. to make fruitful, 

to fertilise fll? ^^1 3jj;< 1 

— V. i. to bear fruit 'o1t? wi1sT, y{^9\ \ 

Fructiferous adj. bearing fruit 

Fructuous ( ) adj. full of fruits 

Frugal ( ) adj. thrifty, economical 

Frugality ( ap^C^f^t? ) n. thrift ^l?r, 

'0*1 I Frugally adv. 

Fruit ( ap'§ ) n. the produce of the earth of 
trees or animals ^P^T,. 'ol?, ; 

effect, advantage I 

Reap the fruit 7R 1 Fruit trees 

«=fll? C<ft9l ’TW I 

Fruitage ( ap;;rilw; ) n. fruit in general V»l- 
fippfpP • 


I 314 ] 


Fruiterer ( ) n. dealer in fruit 

Fruitful ( ) adj. producing fruit TO- 

; productive ^^1, WTt^ \ 

Fruitfulness n. productiveness 

Fruition ( ) n. enjoyment, possession 
of anything pleasing I 

Fruitive adj. pertaining to fruition C'St^- 

Fruitless ( 3P]^-C»I5‘ ) adj. barren, destitude 
of fruit, useless 'Ofl? ♦f'S, 

^«r| I Fruitlessness n. i 

Fruitlessly adj. i 

Frump ( 3Fl*^~ ) n. a dowdy and cross- 
grained woman 

1 — ish, — y adj. 

( evaf^ ) I 

Frustrate ( 3Pt^-c6’$ ) v- t> to make vain 
; to defect ; to 

disappoint \ — adj. vain, 

ineffectual i 

Frustration ( ) n. disappointment 
^T»rt®9r i 

Fry ( 2Ptt ) V. t. to cook in a frying pan with 
oil or fat( I 

Frying-pan «. a flat iron vessel for frying 
^^1 ^taf I Out of the frying pan 
into the fire— from one danger to another 
of the worst type vil§1 n^1 

^BTf^F I 

Fry ( 3Pt^ ) «. a swarm of fishes just spawn- 
ed C^ft*Tl I Small fry == persons or 

things of little importance ^1 

STirnj C9it^ I 

Fuddle ( ) V. t. to stupefy with drink 

I — V. i. to drink to 
excess \ \ Fuddler n. a 

drunkard i 

Fudge ( tpt^" ) n. nonsense, an exclamation 
of contempt fv:, f^tl c^T^I \ —~v. t. or 

V. i. to bungle anything C<ft?1 
^ I 

Fuel ( ) n. anything that feeds a fii'c 
<l5t1 <rf^ I 

Fugacious ( ftF'^’C^r-VlT;; ) adj. fleeting 


Fugitive ( ) adj. apt to flee away 

*f»T4^n, ^^^1 ; wandering, temporary 

I — n. one who has fled 

Fugue I 

Fulcrum ( ) ft. the prop on which a 

lever moves C<5W1, I 

Fulfil ( ) V. t. to complete, to accom- 
plish fy\% I 

Fulfil your promise^ C^t^Tf^l 3tN1, 

Fulfilment ( ) n. completion, 

accomplishment >isit*n, i (pr. 

p. Fulfilling ; pa. p. Fulfilled ). 

Fulgency ( ) n. brightness 

Wtf^, I 

Fulgent ( ) adj. bright, shining 

Fulgurate ( ) v. t. to flash as 

lightening \ 

Fuliginous ( ) adj. sooty 

Full ( ) adj. having all it can contain 

'55('|, \e»(i5 ; al^ounding, complete 
^1, I (coll.) drunk 

C<ll5’t>^, I Fullness n. the state oi 
being filled completely ^Rnfl, 

; satiety i Fully adj. com- 

pletely 3(T7[4^i:n, ^t§^bp, 

I At the fulF^at the height o 
one’s fortune C>l^'5tiTR 'en? i Tc 

the full completely 
In full swings to the utmost limit 
^ ntc^ f^t^, ^<|t^ 

Full blown - fully expanded 

^wri » Full dress- dress worn or 


[ 315 ] 


state occasions \ Full grown 

---grown to maturity i 

Full hearted =- full of courage, elated 
\ Full moon=*;^fnsn, 

CW15T I Full fledged =»itfV ^Tarl 
Ctsr^l^l I In the fulness of time— at the 
proper time i 

Full ( ) V. t. to press cloth in a mill 

I Fuller n. a cleanser of cloth 
C«rt^1 I Fuller’s earth =3Ptr *11^ C«ftn ^tfw 
^Itl5 I 

Fulminate ( ) v. i. to make a loud 

noise 5|nir‘^*T ; to issue decrees 

with violence f? 

I — V. t. to cause to explode 

I Fulminant adj. fulminating 

*JT1 I Fulmination n. act of 
exploding, explosion, a denunciation 

11^, I 

Fuiminous, Fulminatory adj. ; 

uttering forth censure tslf^ nilf^ ftf?1 » 
Fulsome ( ^aiFf^r ) adj. gross, disgusting, 

nauseous i 

Fulvous adj. tawny 


Fumacions ( fW-C’i ) adj. smoky ; 

fond of smoking i 

Fumarole ( ) «. a hole emitting gas 

in a volcano ^TCtnrf^f^? i 

Fumatory ( ) n. a place for smok- 
ing or fumigation I 

Fumble ( v. t. to handle awkwardly, 

to grope about «r»[-W^n ; to stammer 
cwt^atati i 

Fume ( ) n. smoke ca*ta1 ; vapour ; 

rage tr< ; vain conceit f^1 faf1 i 

— D. t. to throw up smoke or vapour 

ca‘1at'6frl, ^ ; to be in a rage i 

Fumld adj. smoky cttatiW i 
Fumigate ( ) V. t. to expose to 
smoke or gas for purposes of disinfecting 

fa C»lt«»a ; to perfume 

ca"l«i ftr i 

Fumigation ( ) u. the act of apply- 

ing purifying smoke 
c^rtaa i 

Fun ( ) n. merriment, sport caatf^, 

aaaj, 1 In fun = in joke 


Funambulist ( ) «. a rope 
dancer c®t»ia 'ena^ I Funambulate 

V. i. c®T»ia \8na^ catar asta i 

Function ( tpt* “*S^ ) n. duty peculiar to an 
office ata, asta, ; power apa^l, »rfv ; 
exercise of faculties ♦ffaFt®ia ; a cere- 
mony aasta, ; employ- 

ment, profession a^ta-^tw, ata 1 — V. i. to 
act, operate, fulfil a^t^ a^a, atca aica a^ta 
asa I 

Functional ( iPt^l-cas^ ) adj. ( npp. to Organic 
or Structural) pertaining to or performed 
by functions ast^ia^a^ f^aw • 

Functionary ( ) n. one who holds 

an office as*s^t^, faaai, asl^iaitaas \ 

Fund ( tpltl ) n. stock, a source of money in 
deposit afa»ay aa, ^»taa, aaa ainrta, ( pi. ) 
debts due by a government atss^a a1a ; 
pecuniary rcsourpes a?al &as1 - r. t to 
invest in funds afal a i 

Fundamental ( a't’Otia^t*^ ) adj. primary, 
essential 5jata, ; important 

I Fundament ti. the lower part 
of the body -pfiaa Wl'Sta, 
tsfnai I 

Fundus ( tptwrl5^ ) n. the rounded base of 
an organ ata^, ^faa f^^a^ ^«fral 

®tsT I 

Funeral ( fa^-ata-iS®! ) n. burial or the cere- 
mony connected with it 
astw, waata ^tw a^aa « — adj. pertain- 
ing to burial aatastW WflPi?', 
faaaa^ \ Funeral ceremonies— aata^fw, a^tw 
a^aa, asta; I Funeral pile -=f^^1 1 


[ 316 ] 


Funereal ( ) adj. dismal, suit- 
ing a funeral c^t»P«r^1, ; gloomy 

Fungous ( ) adj. of or like fungus, 

spongy, ephemeral 

I Fungoiid adj. like a mushroom 
*fr^ I 

Fungus ( ) n. a mushroom ; 

proud-flesh formed on wounds 
C^TC5(1 I ( pi. Fungi 

( ) t 

Funk ( ) n. ( colloq. ) fear ^TT ; coward 

C*IT^ J — V. i or V. i. to shirk, to 
evade thi’ough fear Tf, i 

Funky adj. i 

Funnel ( ) «. a tube for the escape of 
smoke jspt ; an instrument 

for pouring fluids into bottles 
*fif^ c^9f ^ ffn, fnm, 

C^t»l1 1 

Funny ( W\fii ) adj. full of fun, odd 

I Funnyman=c^^T^I5ri 

Fur ( ) n. the short fine hair of certain 

animals ; skins of certain 

animals used as garments C^tC^ 

'5{13Jt8i[ iPt*T ; a fur-like coating on the 

tongue when in fever ♦PJI iftf^ » 

—v. t. to line with fur 5p^, Wtf% 


Furacious ( ) adj. thievish erf? 


Furbish ( ) v. t. to purify or polish 
'sj'tw, f?^l I 

Furcate ( ) adj. forked 

C?»n I Furcation n. a branching 
out I 

Furious ( ftP^r??t5: ) adj. violent, full of 
fury ?tsi1?r, <ffb'0, I Furiously 

adv. ?if% c?C5fR I Furi- 

ousness n. ar^1*T, i 

Furiosity n. madness if*?s i 

Furl ( ) n. t. to fold as a sail ^f??1 1 

Furlong ( ) '*• eighth of a mile 

cnr?1 880 iftTS I 

Furlough ( ?Pt? »r’ ) n. long leave of absence 
on half pay ^1if1 cm?1 

|i5t, c>r»itf? i 

Furnace ( ) n. an oven for melting 

ores ; a place 

of grievous affliction i 

Furnish ( ?rf?:-f«f^ ) v. t. to supply ??, 

mSJf ?fr? C? ; to equip ( wil/i ) C?t^t? ?if? 
C*f, ’fen I Furnished adj. supplied with 
furniture • 

Furniture ( ?rff?Ft? ) n. movables with 
which a house is equipped >rfW 


Furor ( f^^?? ) n. fury, wild excitement 


Furore ( ^f? ) n. enthusiastic admiration, 
a craze ?t?1 

C^T»int? I 

Furrier ( n. a dealer in furs 

C^T? ?]?r>ir^t I 

Furrow ( ) n. a. trench made by a 

plough ; a wrinkle on the 

face f1»T CS51?1 ?s*r(»1? C?^ f —v. t. 

to cut in furrows, to wrinkle 
C? I 

Further ( ) adv. to a greater distance 
or degree 'Bil^ ?1 C?fF ; in 

addition i — adj. more distant C?fF 

I Furthermore adv. 

moreover, besides t5t??trWNQ I 

Furthest adv. at the greatest distance 


Further ( ) v. t. to promote, to help 

forward ?t? I 

Furtherance ( ) n. helping forward 
’mTtrT, I 

Furtive ( iPT?;-!?®: ) secret i 

I Fury ) n. rage, madness ai^, 


I 317 

; a violent woman tmwH. 

<v9>n i*^cwtn I 

Furze ( ) a. a prickly bu«h with yellow' 
flowers ' 

Fuse f t. to liquefy by heat 

Jr? I — V. i. to be melted ♦if^ Tl, 

Tl, I —n. a tube filled with com- 

bustibles for blasting etc. <ff5( 

I Fusion n. act of melting 
Bn ?'G5t ; a close union of things C’TC^f^- 
I —Market ?ar1? » 

Fusee, Fuzee ( ) n. a match, a fuge 

Tt?, »ar?if ; the spindle in a w'atch 
?pfr? ‘ii&i I 

Fuselage ( fvSfeafo; ) n. W i 

Fusible ( ) adj. that may be melted 

n?!, sr?^? i 

Fusil ( ) a. a light musket 
f^tei i 

Fusilier, Fusileer ( ) n. a histori- 
cal title of certain regiments of the 
British army C?JlT5t1 farfPp 


Fusillade ( ) n. a simultaneous 
discharge of firearms 

I — V. t, to shoot down by a con- 
tinuous discharge of firearms 
C^T»lt<^'l ?5f? CW I 

Fusion ( ) n, sec under Fuse. 

Fuss ( ^TfiT ) n. a bustle, flurry 

t i. !• Il h 

bunle nt«nm f . < < MriUtaf im 

«fl C*Tltt ; to 
make <me»elf buiy with irtflei ai impor- 

unt ftr »«mi ftwt? fw I 

Fnftiaa ) n. a kind of coarse cotton 

fabric sitntf ft ^TrnTf ; a 

pompous style, bombast *Taf? wtfff ; 

iTlfir iTtf «Ffi t —adj. jFftvi, 'ewrtwi^ "w 

mfw I 

Fustigation ( ) «. a beating with a 
stick Cfarfft^ I Fustigate p. t. to beat 
with a stick CTftsfStrf C?5tf1 i 

Fusty ( ) adj. ill smelling C^^ft C^Ttfif, 

cJ>f1 C’ltrfTtft I Fusted adj. mouldy 
Ci5^ » 

Futile ( ) adj. useless, trifling 


Futility ( ff ) n. uselessness 


Future ( ) adj. that is to come 
Futurity ( fip^- 
fk?? ) n. time to come ?stff JTl 

; an event yet to come i 

Fuzz ( iFtW7 ) V. i. to fly off in small particles 
^1% f1 I — n. fine light 
particles p^t ^?.nTf Wtf 


Fy ( ) inierj. f?: i fn^ \ sec Fie. 

Fylfot ( ) f I 


^ the 7th letter of the English alphabet, 

»rtif wtff I 

Gab ( c’f?: ) ft. idle talk n»i?if5r i 

Gift of the gab=a talent for talking 
1 —V. i. to prate Cf»irf»n, fffit 

iff f^1 I 

Gabble ( Cf i. to chatter, to cackle 

like geese Cf f»T?*n i 

Gabardine ( c^rftf-f®3r ) n. a looac upper 
garment ?lf*f CFt»i1 i 

Gabion ( ) ». a wicker basket filled 

with earth used for shelter while digging 


[ 318 ] 


trfnchcs ar^i 

'^ 1 1 

Gable ( ) (he triangular part of an 
exterior wall i of building C^tC^I 
1^1 ^t^r I 

Gaby ( ) n. a simpleton i 

Gad ( ) n. a wedge, a pointed bar of 

steel f9!T51 C^tfFT^ i —v. i. to 

wander or straggle 

^ ; to straggle in growth 
^Tf«r *1^ I Gad about 3t1- 

?[3>rf^ ^^1 c»lt^ I 

Gadfly ( } n. a flv that stings cattle 

*lTfV I 

Gaelic ( ) adj. pertaining to the Gaels 

Gaff ( ) n. a hook used for landing 

large fish ^itf I 

Gaffer ( ) n. a word of respect applied 

to an old man ’TC^tiR 

^^1 ! ’BTtn ! ) I 

Gag ( c^^T" ) V. t. to stop the mouth ^«r5 
C^ltntf? «R ; to silence 

I — n. something thrust into the 

mouth C’Ttm, t Gagging Acf--^ 

Gage ( C^’w ) n. a pledge ^1% i —v. t. 

to stake, to wager C^, ^fk 


Gaggle ( ) n. a flock of geese or of 

women ^1 W1^ I ~v. t. 

to cackle I 

Gag-tooth ( ) fi. a projecting tooth 

^W9l1 I Gag-toothed =^&w»rrlf^?1 i 

Gaiety ( ) n. merriment 5^, 

Gaily ( C^’f^ ) adv. merrily l 

— adj. gaysomc I 

Gain ( C^’st ) n. profit, advantage iTt^, 

atfb, I — V. t. to obtain, to earn *(1, 

f|t« m, I To gain a 

suit=c*lt#<^P^ fW5^ I To gain upon=to 

ovci lakc gradually IFT'^I ^t^PTl? i Gain 
ground -to advance, to obtain an advan- 
tage J^y I Gain ovcr--->Tnw 

I Gainful adj. lucrative, 
profitable i 

Gainings ( ) n. ( pi. ) earnings arWT 

firrf« I 

Gainsay ( ) v. t. to contradict, to deny 

I Gainsaying n. opposition «2rf^^tf, 


Gairish see Garish. 

Gait ( CM% ) n. manner of walking, pace 
c«fm d^, ^9R I 

Gaiter ( ) «. a covering of cloth 

for the ankle fitting down upon the 
shoe ewt^t^ ^ 

T»t^ I 

Gala ( ) r). festivity i 

Gala-day i Gala-dress n. 

cnlFt^ I 

Galactometer ( ) n. an instru- 
ment for examining milk 

^ I 

Galaxy ( ) n. the milky-way It^- 

♦tf^ ; any splendid assemblage 

»rsi, y\^^ \ 

Gale ( ) a strong wind \ 

Galbanum ( ) n. white resinous 

juice which exudes from certain pine 

trees C^tr^ll ’R*! i 

Galimatias ( -nf^-C’liPTrrp: ) n. 


Galingale ( ) n. an aromatic root 

«af^<f I 

Gall ( ^ ) n. bile, bitterness '••I ; 

malignity i Gall-bladder = a rescr- 

vior for the bile l 

Gall ( ^ ) n. an cxcrescensc on the oak 
tree *fWl '©C»lt«1 dligin I — r. /. to 

hurt the skin by rubbing flfb ^TlTTCTORI 
to annoy, to enrage 


[ 319 ] 


CfTfiT I Galling adj. irritating i 

In the gall of bitterness 

^ I 

Gallant ( ) adj. brave «r«t^ ; 

attentive to ladies • — w. a gay 

dashing person ; a 

suitor C9\1^ I Gallantly adv. 

bravely i 

Gallantry ( ) n. bravery ^5^1, 4*1?^ ; 

amorous devotion to a lady cant^lfv I 
Galleon ( ) n. a large Spanish vessel 

C"^ CJf’n^nr wt^tw i 

Gallery ( ) n. a balcony surround- 

ed by rails ?T^t'Ol ; a long passage 

; the upper floor 

of seats in a theatre or church fsi#1 

♦Tsi 'e«( mt^R, 

\Q»Pf ; a room in an exhibition 

Ixall ffltr*T4\ C^til 1 Play to the gallery 


Galley ( ) n. a long flat built vessel 

wt^tw <1 sit'e, ; a 

kitchen of a ship ^ ; a 

frame in which the compositor places 
the type ewt^t^ c«rr«i- 

( Galley-slave— one condemned to 
work at the oar ol a galley ^ i 

Gallic ( ) ^adj. pertaining to France 

Gallicism ( ) n. the use in English 

of a French idiom C*f^l ^«rf^ 

Gallinaceous ( ) adj. pertaining to 

the order of domestic fowl l 

Gallipot ( ) «. a small glazed pot for 

keeping medicine C«rR1 • 

Gallon ( ) n. a measure of capacity =4 

quarts i 

Galloon ( C'*T«I[*t ) a. a kind of lace 
•f^ I 

Gallop ( ) t'- *• move by leaps as 
horse Ftn-^ C<Tir^ ^1, »!f4 Tl I— -«. a leap- 
ing movement of horse C^TtW i 

Galloping adj. advancing rapidly 
^1?, IfZfi 15 ( ) J 

Galloway ( ) «. a small strong horse 

c^Ri I 

Gallows ( C’RT-^F ) n. a wooden frame for the 
execution of criminals I ( It -is 

a plural noun but used as singular ). 

Galosh, Galosche ( C^^Tf ) n. an overshoe 

cwt^t4 'en?« fnf% esnn *rfOT cwt^i 
cnrr^tc^ ; 

a piece of leather running round the 
lower part of a boot or shoe above the 
sole ewt^^ «J^1 


Galumph ( ) v. i. to go boundingly 
in triumph ( gallop 4- triumph ) 

wtn ^tf? qtF I 

Galvanism ( C‘»r»l-:'5-lR>«rs[ ) n. a branch of the 
science of chemical electricity »r% 


Galvanic ( ) adj. pertaining to 

galvanism »rfv i 

Galvanise ( ) v. t. to subject to the 

action of a galvanic current ■ffv 

^4 ; to restore vitality upon *ff^- 
^31 I Galvanised iron=T«it^lf^ 

C^l'O 1^11 C*11 I 

Gambit ( ) n. an opening with an 
offer of a sacrifice to gain an advantage 
in chess W^iZ^W9 C<t*lt4 

f^Fl f »1 I 

Gamble ( ) v. i. to play for money in 

games of chance I — v. t. to squan- 
der away t Gambler 

ti. one who gambles i Gambling- 

house I 

Gamboge ( ) n. a yellow gum resin 


[ 320 ] 


used ai a pigment oiHrif W Wf 

uijl I 

Gam&K>l ( fiTfaf } v. i. to leap and skip 

I ( pr. p. Gambolliog ) — n. a skipping 
C^'efV I 

Gambrel ( ) n. the bend of a horse’s 

hind leg fW ( 

Game ( C^’?{ ) w. a sport of any kind C«faT, 

; jest ^^1 ; an artifice or trick 
; any object of desire 
Ctnt?5r ; the spoil of the chase 

wi I —V. i. to gamble i 

Game-bag c^T5?1, 

I Big game 
I Game cock n. a cock 
trained to fight • Game keeper 

I Game laws r:. ( pL ) laws 
relating to the protection of game f5<Pt^- 
I The game is up = the scheme 
has failed ^ i 

Gamesome ( ) adj. playful i 

Gamester ( ) n. a gambler i 

Gamma—^^ i 

Gammer ( ) «. an old women ^- 

Gammon ( ) «• the preserved thigh of a 

hog C^«l f*r I — r. t. 

to impose upon i 

Gamut ( ) n. the musical scale 

1%^1 «f«rr5ri=? >11, c^, ^1, 511 ’8^iit5r I 

Gander ( C’l’OT^ ) n. the male of the 
goose 5(^1 ; a simpleton i 

Gang ( C‘*Tn ) n. a band ^ ; a number of 
labourers working together ?Pt5r 

^isn ; a set of tools used for a 

work ^51 ^^1 I A gang of robbers == 


Ganglion ( ) n. tumour on a ten- 
don C5ni**i, c^^^ I 

Gangrene ( ) n. loss of vitality in 

some part of the body 
^nnil, I — V. i. to become putrid 

ai I Gangrenous adj. mortified Cifafl) 
^rfars I 

Gangway ( ) n. a narrow passage to 

go into or out of any place C^lt^l 

Ganister i 

Gantlet ( ^ punishment 

511^5^ Run the gantlet =- 

to subject to unpleasant treatment *ltf^ 
♦ti, ni I 

Gaol ( cat’^T ) see Jail. 

Gap ( ) n. a cleft, an opening f^9i1, 

; any breach of continuity 

( as fill up the gaps in the letter. 
There was a gap in his service ) . Gap- 
toothed C>fC21^1 ^^1 I Stand in the 

gap— to stand in active defence 

I To Stop gap = to repair a defect 
otu I 

Gape ( } V. i. to open the mouth wide 

C5I^, ^1-^^ ; to yawn ; to stare 

with open mouth ^«r C^lf^ ^*(1 I5t^ 

«(t^ I — n. act of gaping i Gaping 

adj. C'o^^l C5t9!l I 

Garage ( ) n. a place for keeping 

motor-cars i 

Garb ( ) n. fashion of dress 

; external appearance 
; dress >rtBf, C^»r I 

Garbage ( ) n. offal, refuse «t»T, 


Garble ( ) v. t. to select or suppress 

something for a purpose 

; to corrupt or 

falsify l 

Garcoo «1<151 ai'OTl i 

Garden ( ) n. a place for the cultiva- 
tion of plants etc. i 

Garden party = a party held in a garden 
w «r»Tn5^i 


[ 321 ] 


I Gave a garden party 


Gardener ( ) n. one who tills a garden 

Gardening «. act of cultivating 

gardens i 

Garfish ( ) n. i 

Gargle ( ) v. t. to wash the throat 

I — n. a preparation for 
washing the throat t 

Gargoyle ( ) n. nt^ 


Garish, Gairish ( C^f<l5’ ) adj. gaudy 

Garland ( ) n. a wrcatli of flowers or 

leaves nt^ Tt»r1 i ~v. t. to deck 

with a garland ^lt»n ( 

Garlic ( ) n. a vegetable plant hav- 

ing a pimgerii taste and strong smell 

Garment ( ) n. any article of clothing 

fw I 

Gamer ( ) n. a granary i — v. i- 

to store as in a garner ^lf5 ^ t 

Garnet ( ) «. precious stone of red colour 

Garnish ( ) v. t. to adorn, to furnish 

^Jy I Garnishment, 

Garniture «, apparel, ornament 
CTt^S^ I CW^f% mw I 

Garret ( ) n. a room next the roof of a 

house \ — y- i- 

«(W1 I 

Gairetteer ( ) n. one who lives in 

a garret \8n^ W ; a 

poor author i 

Garrisem, ( ) n. a body of troops in a 

fort »T»T ; a fortified place 5T^, 

^<5f I — V. t. to furnish a fortress with 




Garrotte, Garotte ( c^-c^ ) n. a Spanish 

mode of strangling criminals C5*rtf»r 

^^1 *lTf^ I — V. t. to strangle by tight- 
ening brass collar I 

Garrulous ( talkative 

I Garrulousness n. talkative- 
ness ^«n I 

Garrulity n. loquacity t 

Garter ( “STt^t^ ) n. a band to tic the stock- 
ing to the legs C^rlWi ; the badge 

of the highest order of Knighthood 

I ( called the Order of 

the Garter). 

Gas ( ) n. a vapourous substance 
I Gas light - I 

Gasalier ( ) ii. a metal frame with 

branches for gas burners 


Gaseous ( ) adj. in the form of gas 

t5Tn^, 1 

Gasconade ( ) n. boasting talk 
w, ^rsif^ I 

Gash ( C‘»T'B7 ) make deep cut into flesh 

\ ~- n. a deep cut 

^1 i 

Gasometer ) n. an iusiruineut 

for measuring gas, a reservoir for gas 

Gasp ( ) V. h to ga{)e in order to catch 

breath C>f51, ^«t C?jf^ >T1 «?f, 

; to desire eagerly i 

— 71. effort to catch breath 
^^>srf>r, ^tn ^^*1 i Gasping adj. 

convulsive *1^1 i The last gasp 

c*i^*f»n, c*i^ ^'13 I 

Gastric ( •f ) adj. belonging to the 
stomach i 

Gastronome ( C^§-^''5{ ) n. an epicure 

Gastronomy ( , Gastrology n. the art 

or science of good eating 

{ 322 J 


I Gastrotomy n. act of cutting open 
the belly cnl>iFwn 

Gate ( ) n. a passage into a city or any 

large building ; an entrance *f^1 

'er^rtcl ; a large door in the 

entrance into an enclosure 

Gate keeper, Gate man-- 

one who is in charge of a gate 

Ttr^t^tsT I Gate-house - i 

Gate-way — the way through a gate, any 

entrance i 

Gather ( ) v. t. to ollect C^&1, 

5*(1, ; to plait, as in sewing ; 

to infer < ~v. i. to 

assemble »f‘tf ^ ; to increase 

^1% ^ ; to suppurate i Gather 

ground = to gain ground ♦fl, i 

Gather oneself together ; 
to collect all one’s powers. Gathering n. 
a crowd, an assembly >1^1, «?*t- 

^Tf^'sr ; a tumour i 

Gaudery ( ) «. finery 


Gaudily adv. with much show 


Gaudy ( -trf® ) adj. showy ; 

gay I — n. a university 

festival i 

Gauge, Gage ( C^W ) n. a standard of 
measure ; estimate CWt«f i — v. t. 

to measure ; to es- 
timate I Standard gauge =c^»|3r 

Gauger ( C'ST’Wl^t ) n. one whose business is 
to measure the contents of casks 

u? I Gauging rod 

n. ^1? cwt«n ?Itf^ I 
Gaul ( ) n. ancient name of France 
c^»i?r I 

Gaunt ( ) adj. ihin, lean ^*\, « 

Gauntlet ( ) n. the iron glove 

of armour fw Wt’^R i Throw 


down the gauntlet = to give a challenge 
♦ft'i ; « Take 

up the gauntlet— to accept a challenge 
<11 I 

Gauze ( ) n. a thin silk or linen f^rf^ 


Gavel ( ) n. an auctioneer’s or chair- 

man’s hammer 

(ifjjs'i ; tribute or rent 

^ ^1 ; a quantity of corn cut and 

ready to be made into a sheaf ^tf%^ 

Gawk' ( ) n. an awkward or bashful 

person I 

a fool I 

Gay ( ) adj. lively, cheerful, shoivy 
; dissipated i 

Gaze ( c^’®f i ec i. to look fixedly 

51, 9|lf% 151 I — a fixed look 9®, 

I Gazer a. 5ll 


Gazelle ( WWSI ) «. a kind of antelope with 
graceful movement and soft eyes 
5<i9i nu i 

Gazette ( C^I’-C'Sf^ ) n. an official newspaper 
C^rw^, ¥^Tft '-^5t5¥^, ^¥^tn3J I — i;. t. to 

publish in gazette a^1»T l 

Gazetteer ( ) n. a geographical 

description C^tC^ C^«r^ «f5¥1 l 

Gazogene ( ) n. an apparatus for 

making aerated waters C¥tQ5l»C^?[r3^^ 

Gear ( ) n. apparatus, harness, tackle 

f^, ; 

connection by means of wheels 

Gearing n. harness ; imple- 

ments I Out of gear = unprepared 
; not in running order, 

not working ^¥»T i — v. t, to put in gear 
tfipsT ¥WTt^t»l , To 

gear the machine - 5^1 1 


t 323 ] 


Gee ( ) r. i. go on C^t^1 

Gee ( ^ ) V. i. ( u]) ) to jtrocced faslcr '51t^> 
Tt 1 

Geese ( ‘^*lw ) pL of Goose. 

Gelatine ( ) n. an animal substance 
soluble in boiling water 

^^1 oqlTT*( I 

Gelatinous ( fVrail^srtS" ) adj. of the nature of 
gelatine flW2J[?1 i 

Gelation ( ) n. solidification by cooling 

^ ^ c<Tt^ 5f?l ®f^Ti I 

Geist ( ) «. *f?1 I 

Geld ( ) V. t. to castrate, to emascu- 
late I 

Gelder, Gelding ( C'ST’fe ) n. act of 
castrating, a castrated horse t(tl^ ^?«I, 
«ftfl I 

Gelid ( cwf^‘ ) adj. very cold 

Gem ( CW’iT ) n. any precious stone 
; anything extremely valuable 
^ I —V. t. to adorn with gems 
I Gemmy adj. 

Geminate ( ) adj. ( bof. ) in ]>airs 

^*^■91 ( ) I — tion ri. a doubling 

"T^tf I 

Gemini ( (T’^’f^pT ) ti. (pi.) the Twins 
Castor and Pollux, the third sign of Zodiac 

Gemmation ( ) n. the time or the 

form of budding in plants ^isfsT 

cnrwfl?i I 

Gendarme ( ) n. one of thccoipsof 
military police 

Gender ( ) n. sex, male or female 

f»i9r ; the distinction of nouns according 
to sex fv\^ I ( L. gemis a kind ) . . 

Genealogy ( ) n. history of descent, 

lineage i Genealogical adj. per- 
taining to genealogy i 

Genealogist n. one who studies or traces 
genealogies i 

General ( ) relating to a genus 

or whole class >lt*ita»l, <1^1 ; 

common, prevalent i — n. a military 

officer who commands a body of men 
« General principal 

wr»rfl^ I Generally adv. 

in most cases, on the whole 

I In general ^mostly at? ??? 


Generalc ( ) {pi-) Gencralia «. 

general principles >lt*tt5}*l f?f<t ?1 i 
Generalise ( ) v. t. to arrange 

under general head ?1*rf^*l C<sr^^V 

^ ; to infer the nature 
of a class from one instance 

c«i^? y^^z9\'\ n*\ ®1? 

^ I Generalisation n. 

Generality ( ) n. the greater part 

at? c?f^t^r i 

Generalissimo ( ) n comman- 
der- in-chi eft^t^ailt^ I 

Generate ( ) v- i- to produce, to 
beget, to originate '6awi, i 

Generation ( C'SfRtr^’SR ) n. producing 

; the people of the 
same age or period, offspring, progeny 
<^3^, I (pi.) genea- 
logy I 

Generative adj. having the power of gene- 
rating I 

Generator n. begetter W?l^?tt5l, i 

Generic ( ) adj. pertaining to a 
genus, of a general nature wtftJ 

I also Gencrical. 

Generosity ( ) n. nobleness, libcra- 

' lity of nature l 

Generous ( C'5?’5^t^l5 ) adj. liberal, bountiful, 
ofa noble nalure 

nr?t®^'t?^ I 

Generously adj. liberally ^?t?^tl?? I 


[ 324 ] 


Genesis ( tJic book of ilic 

Bible containing an account of the 

creation SSIJf ; c:rcation I 

( pL Geneses ) . 

Genetic ( ) adj. concerning origin 

I ( pL ) the study of heridity, 
and the art of breeding -o*! i 

Genetrix, Genitrix, ( ) «. a 

female parent , Genetor 

( ) )!. a father, progenitor 

Ge leva ( ) n a spirit distilled 

from grain i Geneva cross-- 

a red cross on white ground displayed 
in war for the protection of persons 
employed in liospitals ^ 35 {iTr^ 

Genial ( ) ad/, cheerful, healthful, 


; pertaining to a generation 
I Geniality ?i. cheerfulness i 

Genially adv. 

Geniculate ( ) adj. bent as a 

tree U C^^U^ ; jointed IR1, 

Genital ( C'5r’f^i:§?T ) adj. pertaining to 
generation i (pi. ) 

the external organs c>f generation 



Genitive ) adj. in Grammar the 

possessive case ^Wt?1 l 

Geniture ( ) «. birth i 

Genius ( ) «. the special inborn 

faculty, special taste or disposition of 
any individual 

; a ]jcrson having some special 
inborn faculty c»It^ ; 

a good or evil spirit ]3residing ov'er a 
inaivs destiny 

I Genius loci ( ^f'^ ) «. the 

presiding deity of a place ctfijtjl | 

[ pL Genii ( Geniuses 

( ) ] I 

Genocide ( UFtf« 

^511%^ 5?T^f%TBl I 

Genteel ( eW'^rf^ST ) adj. well-bred, polished in 
manners f^, I 

Genteelly adv. 

Gentile ( ) *'■ one not a Jew 

1%a[ I ~^adj. belonging to 

any nation but the Jews 

Gentility ( ) n. good birth, polite- 
ness cf manners 'St*! 

Gentle ( ; adj. well born, mild and 
refined, amiable »rt«, ; 


Gentlefolk ( cw’‘^2=I-5P^ ) n. ( pi. ) people 
of good family 

I The gentle sex - women in general 
( opposite to the 

Stern sex ) . 

Gentleness n. ^sf^l i 

Gentleman ( C'^’^-Csi^t ) n. a man of good 
birth «;5C«1t4s ; a man of refined 

manners I 

{Fern. Gentlewoman ), Gentleman's gentle- 
man -a valet f^^F1 ^tW » 

Gentleman usher t5ls-ri?t4 i Gentle- 
manly, Gentlemanlike = ®r;^tr5^, '5t»I 

Gently ( ) adv. softly, with care 

^z^ m'H apt?!, 


Gentoo ( CW«^” ) n. Hindoo 1 

Gentry ( ) v. chiss of people below tlic 

rank of nobility I 

Genuine ( ) adj. real, pure 

Genuineness n. state of being genuine 

«•! I 

Genus ( ) n. a class of objects 

325 ] 




embracing many species i 

( pi. Genera ) Generic, Generical adj. 
Geocentric ( ^ ) adj. having the 

earth for centre J 

Geography ( ) n. a book containing 

description of the earth ^r^Tt»T 
I I Geographic, Geographical adj. 
relating to geography ^C^aT 
( Gr. earth ; graphe~7i description. ) 

Geographer n. one who writes geography, 
one who is versed in geography ^C**!!*! 

Geological ( "i adj. pertaining to 


Geologist ( ), Geologian ( ) 

n. one Versed in geology I 

Geology ( ) n. the science relating to 

the history and development of the 
earth’s crust 

1 ( Gr. Gr-=the 

earth ; discourse 

Geometry ( ) n. the science of 
magnitude and its relations c^C5- 

I Geometric, Geometrical adj. 
pertaining to geometry CW3n5^ i 

Geophysics i 

Geopolitics 'STTri C?[t?n 


Geoponics ( ) n. {pi.) the science 

of agriculture I ( Gr. G<f— the 

earth ; = labour ) . 

Georgette ( ) n. a silk stuff 


Georgian ( wfwcw ) adj. relating to the reigns 
of the Georges, Kings of Great Britain 

Georgic ( wfap^ ) adj. relating to agriculture 
I — n. a poem on 
agriculture f ^ I 

Geranium ( ) n. a kind of flower 

Germ ( W1^“ ) a rudimentary form of an 
animal or plant ; the origin 

; first principle I 

German ( ) adj. related by blood, 
closely allied I —n. 

one from the same stock Wtt% I 

Cousins German ^ i 

German ( ) n. a native of Germany, 

the German Language C*lt^» 

'SW I German silver 
fiffOT nV^ I 

Germane ( ) ndj. appropriate, rele- 
vant I 

Germinal ( ) adj. pertaining to a 
germ i 

Germinate ( Wlf5rc»t^ ) v. t. to begin to grow 
5fw ; to sprout I — -i'. /. to produce 

I Germiiitiit= sprouting 

^W\ I 

Gerontology ^ 

c^t5l^ I 

Gerund ( a kind of verbal noun 

in the form of an infinitive of purpose 

f^r»iv I Genindial 


Gerrymander ( ) v. t. to manipulate 

constituency etc. unfairly in the interests 
of a particular party or candidate C^tC^I 
i!»l ©t*?N 


Gest ( ) n. c.xploit ^«r1 ; demean- 
our '5rt'0-’®t'6'; a romance » 

Gestapo ( ) n. the secret police 

force of Germany CSt^l 


Gestation ( CW*:^5|JT ) n. pregnancy 
'Bid’ll I 

Gesticulate ( ) v. t. to make 

jcsturcs when speaking ^«(1 


[ 326 ] 


Gesticulation n. a gesture 
C^, ^1 cwtvt^f^ I 

Gesture ( ) h. movement of the body 

or hand expressive of certain feeling 
; an action expressing certain 
feeling (Sr?|rT»r, i 

Get ( ) V. t. ( pa. t. got, pa. p. got) ) to 

obtain ni, ?, to procure ; to 

beget w*jn I —V. i. to arrive at 

^ I to become ^ i Get 
ahead i Get along =to advance 

'5t5I>R ^ I Get up - equipment, 
general appearance JltW, i Get 

up — to ascend, to rise ; to prepare 

I Get at=to attain m i 

Get off-->rt^ j to escape ^^1 *11, n»11 I Get 
no=to proceed 5^, i Getout= 

to produce ; to go away 

Ttnr ?i Get into=cm^i1 I Get 
over— to surmount *Btt%3R’sr ^1 

♦f3f I Get round = to pursuade C¥tan, 

^ I Get through^ to finish i To 

get the better of -gain the advantage over 
some one, be victorious tfJist 
?fk3f, I Get on one’s nerves ^ 


Gewgaw ( tf ) ti. a toy i 

Ghastly ( ) adj. deathlike, hideous 

ctff^ ca^tn53~< i 

Ghetto •( ) ft- the Jews’ quarter in a city 


Ghost ( ) n. a spirit, the soul of man 

I Ghostly adj. spiritual 
'3rt'35rt>py^^ I Ghost story- 
I Holy Ghost the holy spirit *l*irtvl, 

I Give up the ghost tspif 

; to die. 

Ghoul ( ) n. ?’t 5 , ?5^- I 

Giant ( ) a man of extraordinary 

stature and powers t — adj. 

gigantic i ( Fm. Gianteis ). 

Gib (f^sT) n. an arm of a crane 

cif ; a wedge for I'astcning »rt»l I 

Gibberish ( ) n. rapid inarti- 
culate speech l —adj. unmean- 
ing I 

Gibbet ( ) w. a gallows i — c. t- 

to suspend on a gibbet CW i 

Gibbous ( ) adj. hump- backed fw\. 

I also Gibbose. 

Gibe, Jibe ( ) v. t. to sneer at fefin 
^t5l —n. a taunt it5l, 


Giblets ( ) n. {pi) the internal 
eatable parts of fowl, such as heart, 
liver etc. 'SJtftf l 

Giddy ( ) adj. dizzy, unsteady 

I 5 tpwi, I Giddiness n. thought- 
lessness I 

Gift ( ) n anything given, a bribe 
OSlP ; faculty, a natural quality 
Tt^tf^ «•!, WJTSI I Gifted adj endowed 
by nature "itv 

t(41 1 A deed of gift- Wtst’ia, i 

Look a gift horse in the mouth- to criticise 
a gift 
¥^r I 

Gig ( f%tT" ) n. a light two wheeled carriage 
'il&l ; a long light boat 

Gigantic ( ) adj. like a giant, 
enormous £f¥l'0, I 

Giggle ( ) V. t. to titter, to laugh in 

a half suppressed manner i — n. 


Gilbertian ( 


Gild ( ) V. t. to overlay with gold 
c»rt«rr»?t ¥3t, 

¥¥ I Gilded chamber— the House 
of Lords wfJITt? 

cw^ c«rt¥ ^151 I ( pa. t. and pa. p 

gilded or gilt. ) 


t 327 ] 


GUI ( ) n. the organs of breathing in 
fishes iJtt? ^ ; the flap below 

the bill of a fowl ^ i 

GUI ( t%iT[ ) n. a measure J pint 

«n^ <11^1^ I Gill 

flirt =f^5f\!! ci'Utan 1 

Gilt ( ) n. that which is used for gilding 
I ( see gild). Gilt edged security 

stock whose interest is perfectly safe 

Gimcrack ( ) ti. a toy 


Gimlet ( ) n. a small tool for boring 

holes W I 

Gin(fw^T) n. a spirit distilled from grain 
sn? ; u machine 

I — V. t. to remove the seeds 
of cotton by a machine I Gin 

house =5P^ti5 CST'e^l i Ginhorse ^ a mill 
horse < 

Gingelly oil ( ) n. the oil of 
Indian sesame ClJ3»t i 

Ginger ( ) «. the root of an Indian 
plant used as a condiment i 
Gingerade n. f 

Gingerly ( ) adv. cautiously ^tf^- 
fnf^, I 

Gingle see Jingle. 

Gipsy, Gypsey, Gypsy ( ) n. one of a 

wandering race from India 

; a sly and 

rougish woman i 

Giraffe ( fw^t^ ) n. an African quadruped 
with long neck and legs 
^i>3f wi I 

Girandole ( ) n. a. chandelier with 

branches projecting from a wall 


Gird ( srt^ ) V. t. to bind round ?rtl, > 

( pa. t. and pa. p. Girded or Girt ). Gird 
oneself-- ^iR 

Girder ( ) n. a beam of wood or iron 

used to support arches and walls c*n TI 
TR, nTff»l T1 » 

Girdle ( <rt'§s*[ ) «. a band or belt for the 
waist ; an enclosure 

C^?, I — u. t. to enclose, to 

surround as with a girdle C'R, T?, 

C^lt TfT I 

Girl ( ) n. a female child l 

—Friend 1 

Girlhood n. the state or time of being a girl 
CWW^ ^19^1 TI I Girlish adj. 

like a girl I 

Girth ( ) n. a strap for binding the belly 

with tlie saddle c*1^ i measure 

round ilie waist CSR? I 

Gist ( ) n. the main point or pith of a 

matter ®t9, T<11 i 

Give ( ) V. t. to bestow, to grant, to per- 

mit, to furnish Of, 5t*ft5T T9, 
c? I ( pa. L gave, pa. p. given ). Given 
adj. bestowed, specified i 

Giver n. one w'ho gives I Giv- 
ing n. the act of giving tfjiftT i 

Give and take=fT9l c«rR1, »II91 991 i 

Give birth to — to bring forth «t>r9 T9, 
W9rl I Give chase — to pursue ^tT5 
Ct!t I Give car - to listen T99, T1«I T9 i 
Give forth --to publish 9rtf99 T9, 5JTl»r T9 i 
Give ground or place — to yield ?, 

3ft1% 9 1 Give in to— to yield, assent to 
9, ^*srf^ C9 I Give line, rein— to give 
more liberty 9t9t9T CT l Give 

oneself away— to betray one’s secret 

^«R -fltlTTl fifTtT Tl, ^«R 99l 

n9 » Give out —to report aTl»l T9, TtW 
T9, t Give over— to cease Ttff 9, 

Tf9^3t^T T9 I Give the lie to— to charge 
with falsehood c^tTl i Give tongue — 
to bark ^T i Give up “to abandon 
4lf^W, Tf^TtT T9 I Give way -to yield 


r 328 ] 


f, ; to recede 

ntfcltw I 

Gizzard ( ) «. muscular stomach of a 

bird C*\U I 

Glabrous ( CJt^tf ) adj\ liairless ; 

bald I 

Glacial ( ) adj. icy, frozen I 

Glacier ( ) n. a slowly moving river 

of ice «f^1 I 

Glacis ( CJtf557 ) n. a gentle slope 

Glad ( CJT^“ ) adj. pleased, c heerful 

I I am glad to hear = T»f^ 

*ntra1 Tl I Gladness 

pleasure, chccifulucss 5^ I 

Gladly adv. cheerfully \ 

Gladden ( c:f®:?r ) v, t. to make glad 
cnt^i Ti »i5r), I 

Glade ( c»’^ ) «• i 

Gladiator ( C1tt%7'9^5l ) n. a professional com- 
batant in ancient Roine 5?t«rH 

^rtan ^'wt^ I 

Gladsome joyous, gay i 

Glair ( CH’r!^ ) n. the white of an egg, any 
viscous transparent substance 

I I —V. t. to 

varnish with white ol' eggs 5^- 

5^111 I Glairy adj. \ 

Glamour ( a charm on the eyes, 

fascination tltf^ CWr^1 

t5t»i ♦Rl "rf^, c^rt^ft i 
Glance ( CJT^ ) «• a sudden shoot of light 
; a darling of the eye 

CFf^l I —V. i. to dart 
a ray of light C^9f1 ; 

to snatch momentary view 
FI ; to fly off obliquely *a^5l 

i|1 I The bullet glanced against a tree — 
ir»i i — t. to 
dart suddenly ; to allude 

to I ( used with at, into, over, 

down, up). At a glance 

ijFtstrw I Glance over —read cursorily 
\s*frir \0nr^ F1 » 

Gland ( CS'O ) «. a soft llesliy organ in animal 
bodies w^hich secretes waste products 

JfC'si Cfl«1 ’lar^, I 

Glandular adj. consisting of glands ?lts>T 
^1 I 

Glanders ( C3t^1# ) n. a fatal disease of the 
horse affecting especially the lungs and 
the mucous membrane 

) I 

Glare - ( CJt’CF^ ) W. a bright dazzling light 
; a piercing look 
I — V. i. to shine with dazzling 
light I 

Glaring ( ) adj. bright and dazzling 

^51^ ; barefaced Ne»lt^ 

; notorious '51^3^ 1 

Glass ( 5[t5" ) n. a hai’d briillc and trans- 
parent sul)stancc ^F, ; a 

minor '5P^, ?^«l ; a drinking vessel *ft^ 
C«(t51 f^9ttF I Glasses ( pi. ) =spcctacles 
F^ I — adj. made of glass 
\ Glass-warc~ariicles made of 
glass #tF3j I Glassy adj. i 

Glaucoma ( ) u. a disease of the eye 
characterized by increased tension of the 
globe and gradual impairment or loss of 
sight fn'Or^l 

nu ^“T% ’5^*1 \ 

Glaucous ( St^tF ) adj. of a dull green colour 
passing into gicyish Iduc £|1F 

U ^^1 C^l^1 c^t F’v 


Glaze ( CV'Vf- ) v. t. to set with glass all'll 
f!^I1 ; to cover with something glassy 

%1FF FIF I —n. a glassy coat- 
ing F^F^ll ntf^F I 

Glazer ( ) n. one who glazes i)ot(cry, 

paper etc. 6f F^^H F1 f^FW i 


t 329 ] 


Glazier ( CZT’fwCH^? ) n. one who sets glass in 
window frames i 

Glazing ( CSffef* ) the act of setting glass 

»lC5Tt?rl ; the art of covering with 

vitreous substance 9Tt^t?I1 


Gleam ( fjr^ ) v. t. to glow or shine 

I — n. a small beam of light 

Glean ( ) v. t. or v. i. to gather the scattcied 

corn left by a reaper 
vfl^n »T^ I 

Glebe ( ) n. church land 

; turf I Glcby 

adj. cloddy, turfy I 

Glee ( fp ) n. a joy, merriment 

I Gleeful adj. merry i 

Gleet ( ) n. a glairy dischaige from a 

mucous surface 

Glen (CJt^T) n. a depression between hills 

ilt I 

Glendoveer ( ) n. a heavenly spirit 

Glib ( ) adj. moving easily ; voluble 

I — r. i. to move ficely 
^1 I 

Glide ( ) V. i. to slide easily 
; to flow gently *11^5 
I — n. act of gliding i 

Glimmer ( ) v. i. to burn faintly 

Cnt^^- C? I —n. a faint light 

Glimpse ( ) «. a weak light 

; a hurried view 

*^t«l I 

Glissade ( ) v. i. to slide down 

<rrt «rr^ I — n. act of sliding down a 
slope fnt»T «itt 


Glisten ( ) v. t. to glitter ; to shine 

innil»n i Glistening— i 

Glitter ( ) v. i. to glisten, sparkle with 

light I — n. lustre 

tg^5iri9ll^, I Glitter- 

ing n. shining, biilliant 

Gloat ( Sf'^^ ) V. i. to look eagerly in a bad 
sense i ( 


Globate ( CS’-C^'^ ) cidj. like a globe 

c-ntm^t? I 

Globe ( ?t’s^ ) n. a round body, a sphere 
0*51191^, 31^, 

; the earth ^si'OcT, 3?^'» I 
Globe troher n. one \.ho tra\'els for 
pleasure around the \vo;ld 
C9tl^ I 

Globular ( i 

Globulous adj. spherical l 

Globule (jr'R^s=l) n. a small round particle, 
a little globe 7^ 31^, i 

Gloaming «. i 

Glomerate ( ) r. t. to gather into l)?!l 

®Tt^~ ^1% I Glomeration n. 

Gloom ( ) n. darkness, cloudiness 

C-ntC^il^ ; sadness 

I — V. t. or V. i. to fill with gloom 
; to be dejected 5 ; to be 

cloudy i Gloominess v. 

Gloomy ( JT^f^ ) adj. dim, obscure 

C’ltrRttl ; sad, melancholy 

f^^s, c^U«rr^1 1 

Glorify ( ) v. t. to honour, to exalt, to 

glory cith9Tt%^ ^ ; to 

worship I 

Glorification ) n. act of making 

glorious n*l 'Slfl'sn I 

Glorious (V’f^t57) adj. noble, splendid 

I Glo- 
riously adv. 

Glory (g’f^) n. renown ; honour C’rt^, 


[ 330 ] 


; excellency ; splen- 
dour SSi ; biightaess ; the manifcs- 

laiion oi' God lo the blessed 

; heaven ^*>1 i — v. i. to boast, to 
exult. 5 

Giory-Jioic a ]da' c for concealing arti- 
cles of value C«n91 


Gloss ( ) «. lustre 

cxir)M;i,i show C*Tt®1 i — v. t. to 

liiakc siuooili and sliming 

<*'4 ; to palliate Ut’Ti I 

Gloss { ^ U ) n. a coniment, an explanatory 
remaik I ■ — v. i. to comment 


Giossar)' ( STCbR ) n. a vocabulary of words 

Glossy ( ) adj. smooth and shining, well 


Glossiness n. i 

Gio' C , jr*; ) n. a covering for tiie hand 
C'lU’! I Glover /c one who makes or sells 
gloves C^1W1 ^1 I Glove 

fight C’4«l I To handle without 

gloves ^^5 t To throw down, 

or take up the glove 

Cvp^’iT"-^ ^^15^4^4 ‘4V<| ; 

to offer a challenge, or to accept a chal- 

Glow ( 24’ ) t- f R shine with intense heat 
^*5 ^^1 ; to be flushed, to 

fed t)ic heat of pas.sion ^ I 

— 71 . white heat ; brightness of 

eolour ^*11% ; vehemence of pass- 
ion I Glowing adj. white with 

heat a^f%v5 ; ardent, fer- 
vent ^441, I Glow-worm n. a kind 

of insect having a glowing abdomen 

Glozc ( ) V. t. or V. i. to flatter, to give 

a false nieaning 

Glucose ( ir~4jy’5^ ) n. a chemical sugar syrup 
c»i®c55iai ^ I 

Glue ( »■ ) fz. a glutinous substance obtain- 
ed by boiling the skins etc. of animals 

C5t\5r<i5'3ri?1 I — V. t. to join with glue 
fsf^E? r? i (pr. p. gluing, /j. /. glued ) 
Gluey ( ) adj. sticky 

Glum ( J4t5{ ) adj. sullen, frowning 

Glut ( ) V. t. to feast to satiety 

; to swallow greedily 
I {pr. p. glutting, pa. p. glutted). 
Glutinate ( ) v. t. to unite with glue (jQtTI 

C^RI ^?[1, !(<I1 I 

Glutinous ( 21'f^545“ ) adj. gluey, tenacious 

Glutton ( JTI^ ) n. one who eats to excess 
I Gluttonous adj. i 

Gluttony ( ) n. excess in eating <^?P, 


Glycerine ( ) n. a colourless sweet 

inodorous viscid liquid c^lfi 

cJ4tc4^t?n c’trt? I 

Glyptic ( ) adj. of carving especially on 

gems I 

Glyptography ( ) n. the art of 
engraving upon gems 
C^tWt^ ^^1 fwl ; to descriptive science 
of engraved gems 

^4 I 

Gnarl ( 5^1?^ ) v. i. to growl I 

— n. a twisted knot in wood 
^1 I 

Gnarled (*41^®;) adj. knotty, twisted 

Gnash ( (R 57 ) v. t. to strike the teeth to- 
gether ^1t5 <1^ I —v. i. to grind the 

teeth ^1t5 ^3J5 I — n. fr\^ ; a sudden 

snap I 


C 331 ] 


Gnat ( ) n. a genus of dipterous insects 

■sr^ I 

Gnaw ( ) V. t. to bite with the teeth 

; lo conode, to wear aw'ay 
*^11 I —■ r. I. to use the teeth in biting 

Gnome (c^H^) a general inaxliii 

^4 ; a dimin- 
utive spirit I 

Gnomon ( ) n. thep in of a dial whose 

shadow f)oin(s to the hour 
^l>1 I 

Gnostic ( ) n. one of a sect at the 
commencement of the Christian era 
which maintained that knowledge w^as 
the way of slavation «|*6 

1 — adj. having knowledge W^TI- 

; cunning i 

Gnu ( ) t?. a genus of antilopcs in South 

Africa tffv*! I 

Go ( ‘H’ ) c. i- to move from one place to 
anoilicr sT,. \ — n. affairs, matter 

; fashion i (/>./. Went, pa. p. 
gone ( ). To go about one’s business 

--to attend to one’s duties 
511 I To go abroad— Tt « Go 
against- to invade ; to be 

hostile lo 5 l Go 

aside --to retire 511 ; to err i 

Go by — evasion, escape 

I Go down— to sink, to decline 
5^t5r, 3tn 3, I Gofar=-5ii;^if 5i1, 

I Go for — to pass for ; 

to attack ^tC3S5(«i 5Ji'< I Go for nothing = to 
have no value ^?Jstf^«Tl * Go hard 

with— to be in difficulty ^1, I 

Go in and out^^is[s?’(:«( \GriPTt91 1 

Go in for to attempt • Go in unto 

Tf^^TT I Go off«=to leave 

^ilf? 5rl ; to die ; to explode ; to fade 
I Go on-— to proceed 
I Go one better —to excel C»t»i1 1 

Go one’s way — to dep ut 3% 

Go out — to liecornc f- ulnc . 'p. 

5t1»r ^ 1 Go over — to ea.un'u 

‘ 'Udy 

♦(1% ’;p- '; 

Go t!«e 

whole liog - : ‘f -T’ t ■>* t G 

p- ; Go 

through — to at.v ■ iiupfid: 

: a, 

examine {ii,-. uiiof'c •«; C’^U 


51 1 Go throngs: lire .uitl w 


-s-G r;- . Go t 

0 tin: k'Ogtf 

of— attain the degire ■] pcjic; ' 

•ii/H Ip*':*' 

•P (P U 't'-T 

SI t Go to fifiCes 
3, 'C; i Go to ti?c n 

be pushed aside i.Z’<'A i t 't'*; • 

under =to be called hy ■vome i.d. 

2t«nl'3 5 : hr r: • 

Go well- -to prOj]')er c'^i^ 

I Go with — to ;v('c r,:nyj..viiy 

511, 7n ; to acrec d:Z ' 

without savings- 'M'. ri>a 

53T5 I Gre;>i go, Liule 

go- of 

Go-aheac ( ' 

lie ^ \ 

Goad ( ) n. a :,le:Uj> ,aMved 

driving ox( n '<-vo, yea i-Pt . 
v£ielf^ 1 — V. t. 10 d;'r.> wilii ' ) 

W ; tc urge forwa-'d -G' 


Goal ( ) a st.'.rti:r^ or ^v ::,niTi yo"t in 

a race fstT. b--:v 

C*1t^1 ; the end nim^d at 

^ag rr 

Goat ( ) n. a W'dl-knowr. q- 

I Goat herd et 1 q fet i 

adj. lustful : Gooi 

Gobbet ( 'tru<Ia ) n. a mouthful 

lump ; an extract for t 

or cQinmen t Rtg I 'f“l 'c -r : " , • ' 



[ 332 j 


Gobble ( ) v. t. to swallow hastily C^^- 

I — i. to make a noise in the 
throat C4'f^ ^ i 

Gobbledegook ( 

» f ^, ^'<1 

^5rfVf%ni9T »r^ i 

Go-between ( ) n. an agent between 

two parties I 

Goblet ( sT’3f;^-i:3»l^ ) n. ^ large drinking nip) 

Goblin ( ) «, an evil spirit 


God ( '»TT?' ) n. Supreme being, the Almighty 
; a divinity I 

( /kr?? Goddess ) Household 

Gods I 

Godchild ) n. l 

Godfather ( ) n. a male sponsor 

at. baptism who undertakes the religious 

eduration of a child f^'^1 i 
Godhead ( ‘5T’^^-C^'S7 ) «. deity, divine-nature 
^■31, I Godliness n. state 

ol i^cing godly i 

Godly aJJ. pious, like God in character 

I Godsend n. 

an unexpected piece of good fortune 

1 Godspeed n. a wish for good 

speed or success 

Gudown , ) n. I 

Goggle ( ‘?i5rc^ ) a. t. to roll the eyes 

I — ad/, rolling, 

X)romincnt I Goggle-eyed 

= C&£:5I=^ I Goggles «. ( /)/. ) blinds 

for horses i 

Goitre, Goiter ( ) n. a tumour or 

large swelling on the neck ^<{^1 

I Goitred adj. affected with goitre 


Gold { ) n. a precious yellow metal 

; money, riches «(5T, I — adj. 

made of, or like gold C>rr*W, i 

Gold-dust n. very fine particles of gold 
I Gold-washer— one wdio washes 
gold from sand and dirt C^tC*rf?rt®l, 
c<im I 

Golden ( ) adj. made of gold C^t*T?, 
C^r*rf?r1^ ; bright ; highly favour- 
able ^t»l, I Golden-age n. a 

time of happiness and simplicity ^^5- 

Gold-finch ( ) n, a beautiful sing- 
ing bird ^T^*i 

I Gold-leaf n. gold beaten into 
leaves -^^1 C^rt*!, i Gold-smith 

n. a worker in gold and silver 

Golf ( ) n. a game played with a 

club and a ball C’»r^ I 

Golgotha ( ) n. the scene of cru- 
cifixion of Christ ; a 

charnel house cnt^ 

^«[^n I 

Gondola ( ^'0t»l1 ) n. a long narrow boat 
used in Venice f%f«57 i 

Gone ( sfiT ) {pa. p. of Go) lost, passed beyond 
help I 

Gong ( ^" ) n. a large flat basin-like instru- 
ment of music used in China I 

Gonorrhoea ( ^:«(ti%TI1 ) n. a contagious 
disease of the genital organ 

Good ( tJt57 ) adj. having suitable or desirable 
qualities tst^t, >1W, ; 

benevolent, pious ; proper, com- 
plete ; valid, sound 

I {comp, better, superl. best). — n. 

{ oppo. to Evil. ) ; welfare 

; advantage f^'5, I {pL) 

moveable property ; 

merchandise Tff^iFT 37^1, ^ I — 

inter), well, right I In good ear- 
nest I A good deal=t5n»Tf^f^, i 

Good names=^^^ i As good as— the same 


[ 333 3 


as 1 For good=finally 

I Make good=to establish 
; to fulfil 

<»ft»TiT I Stand good = to remain good 
I Good-breeding 
n. polite manners i Good many — 

Good-bye ( ) n. or mterj. “God be 

with you” ; farewell 'ts^- 

I Good-day n. or interj contraction 
of “I wish you a good day” 


Good-evening ( ) n. or interj. a 

salutation on meeting or parting in the 
evening a*lt^} i 

Good-for-nothing adj. useless ^i^tfsi^Tt i 

Good-Friday ( ) n. 

f^fV, ♦ff^ai I Good-humoured adj. 

cheerful I Good- 
liness n. beauty grace C^Tf^ i 

Goodly ( ) adj. fine, excellent 

W I Good-morning n. a salutation 
in the morning l 

Good nature ( ) n. natural goodness 

^^^1 I 

Goodness ( ) n. virtue, excellence 

; benevolence i 

Good sense n. sound judgement 

Goods train n. a train for cairying goods 


Good-wife ( ) n. the mistress 

of a family i 

Good-will ( ) n. benevolence, well 

wishing f ni, I 

Goody ( ) n. good wife i 

Goose ( '®tt ) {pi- Geese ) n. a web footed 
bird ; a tailor’s smoothing iron 

; a stupid person 
irt^5 I G0ose-quUl=^t'Brtt5^ mfir^ 

3^1 I 

Gooseberry ( tiW-C^R? ) w. a kind of fruit 


T^9\ I 

Goosery ( orwfl ) n. ; stupidity 


Gordian ( ) adj. intricate, difficult 

c«rt&^ i Cut the Gordian knot=io 
overcome difficulty ^S>lt*(T I 

Gore ( ) n. clotted blood ^ 

; blood ; a triangular 

{licce of cloth in a garment 

C5l^t^ i —V. t. to pierce with 
anything pointed C'WW 

Gorge ( ) n. the throal i a narrow 

pass beiwccn hills ^¥^^1 

3jti> I —V. t. to glut I 

— V. i. to feed greedily ¥151^ 

I Have the gorge— to retch 
C^911 I Have one’s gorge rise=to be dis- 
gusted I 

Gorgeous ( ) fidj. showy, magni- 
ficent I Gorge- 
ousness n. i Gorgeously adj. 

magnificently I 

Gorget ( ) «, i 

Gorgon ( ) «. a fabulous female 

monster ^1*^^ ; anything very ugly 

I Gorgonean, Gorgonian 
— adj. very ugly or terrific C'21^t¥t^, 
C*fRc»T ^’Tl I 

Gorilla ( ) n. the largest of the ape 

species T^Z^t ^Z9\] I 

Gormandise ( ) v. i. to eat 

Gory ( ) adj. covered with gore, 

bloody J 

Gosling ( ) n. a. young goose 
C*rHTf¥, I 

Gospel ( ) n. good news, the narra- 

tive of the hfe of Christ i|¥¥ 


[ 334 ] 


; a system of religious truth 

Gossamer ( ) ti. fine s'oicler threads 

which float in tlie air in fine weather 

I ~adj. light, flimsy 
fVf^TTl I 

Gossip ( 'i n. one avho tattles 

; idle talk I ~v. 

to run about telling idle talcs 

^ I Gossiping n. the act of 
tattling ■sr-'l, I 

Got pa. t and pa. p. of Get. 

Goth ( ) n. one of an ancient Teutonic 

nation, a barbarian 

C^t^, I Golhie ndj. belong- 

ing to the Goths, barltnrous 
'5r^®T, >!®?1 fiigri I 

Gothamite n. a simpleton i 

Gouge ( ) n. a chisel with a lio; low- 
blade I — v. t. to S( 0 O]:» out 

Gourd ( 'tf’ti ) n. a large fieshy -vTge- 

tablc food &it C' I 

Gourmand ( 'Q^-C^I'O ) t?. a glutton 

I — adi. \'oracious ’^r'^-31 i 

Gourmet ( ) n. an c]ii( urc 

Gout ( ) n. an acute inflamation of the 

smaller joints C?W. 

^51 I Gouty 

adj. I ' 

Govern ( 5fv»lcf ) v. t. to control, to rule 

with authoriry Tif’sm i 

— V. i. to exercise authority 


Governable ( ) adj. subject to rule 

Governance ( ) n. control, direction, 

behaviour n^^5t2Ti?\ i 

Governess ( ) n. a lady that governs 

or instructs young ladies, a tutoress 

! Daily—, Nursery—, 

Resident governess 

f^^T5i, c^’^1 ntra^t^h «rtr^ 1wl 

?ft I 

Governing adj. having control 

<y^1 I 

Government ( ) n. control executive 
power, system of go\’eiTilng 

**P^P?1 ; a body of persons 
authorised to administer the laws 

ndj. of or promuliTnlcd by government 
nt3T^T^.4t5i I 

Governmental ( ) adj. pertain- 
ing to giU’ernTnent 15^1^ i 

Governor ( ) ji. a ruler 

??Tt^ : a tutor ■?Tt^>ri^taT I Gover- 
nor General n. tlm simrcme governor in 

a rouuiry Ptifl-JT 

I Governor-ship r. n? I 

GoTva ( ; n. a ]f>'ise u-jmer garment 

worn by woman, rlergymca etc. 


(to I Gou-nsrnan n. 

; rivilinn ; member of 
iiniverrby C‘Tt?1 

>1^T I 

Grab ( C5!^; ) v. t. to lay hands on J5t'5 

■srlf-? n-9 l — n. a sudden grasp or 
catch 'Sftn'^tr^ ^f<'l I 

Grabble ( ) v. i. to grope ^ l 

Grace ( ca'^;' ; n. elegance in form or 
manner s^t^^T, ; what adorns or 

commends to favour 'tjej • favour 

; pardon 'Jp'sp ; a short prayer 
at meal ; a ceremo- 

nious title of address, as in Your grace = 

C? I I 

(pL) favour ^^(1, ffl’Tt'f i — v. t. 

to favour, to adorn 

I In the good graces of in the friend- 
ship of i 


t 335 ] 


Take heart of grace 
I Days of grace 

Gracious ( C'5l’’S^" ) adj. benevolent, kind ^n1^, 

I Good gracious = merciful God 
I ( U C^1^1 ) I 

Graceful ( ) ^4j- elegant and easy 
I Gracefulness n. 9|t?l«f5 

««1 I 

Graciously adv. benevolently 
Graciousness ( C5I’>915:-C^ 57) n. 

5Tt*ff< ^*1 I 

Gradation ( ) n. progress fiom one sie]) 
to another ; state of being 

arranged in ranks I 

Grade ( CS® ) n. a step in rank or dignity 
C2I®fl, ; the degree of 

slope on a road 

Gradate ( cause to blend 

gradually from one colour to another 
^5?^^ ♦t^l t 

Gradient ( ) adj. gradually rising 
with a slope 3|5^»[ f«(V I 

— n. the degree of slope on a road 'Bdfsi 
; the difference in 
the height of a barometer ^t||- 

Gradual ( C<5jf®ni«^ ) adj. advancing by deg- 
rees CV^^, C^Tffl I 

Gradually adv. by degrees 3P^I«rt, 

mzi I 

Graduate ( ) v. t. to mark with deg- 
rees ^zif f55T c'f, 

nf^?rt«rr^ l —v. i. to receive a 

university degree ^nif«f nl i 

— n. one admitted to a literary degree 

f^»Ul I ( f^. UQ. ) I 

Graduator ( ) n. a mathematical 

instrument for dividing lines C^«rl ^I'JT 

BT^-nar ^3 1 

Graft ( ) y. t. to insert a shoot or scion 

into another tree iir'Wt*11 


to incorporate one thing with another 
^^1 I — n. a shoot inserted in 

another tree i Grafting pr. p. 


Grail ( C5J’5=^ ) n. the Holy Cup used by 
Christ t 

— n. cornb-makers file 

Grain ( C>5J’*i7 ) n. corn in general, a small 
seed »T^, 

; a very small particle or quaniiy 
; the smallest British 
weight ; texture, the 

arrangement of fibres of anything ?1«i, 

c^t?i ( enz^ ) 

; innate quality, nature, tem- 
per ^*1 I To dye in grain =to 

dye deeply i — v. U to granu- 
late ^^1 ; ( In tanning ) to take 

the hair off i Cross- 

grained I Against the grain = contrary 
to inclination i 

Grained ( ) adj. rough i 

Gram ( ) n. chick peas i 

Gramineous ( ) adj. like grass, grassy 


Graminivorous ( ) adj. feeding on 


Grammalogue ( csrsf-^l’^ ) n. a word re- 
presented by a sign in shorthand, 
logogram C^^Z^^ TbZ^l^ ^pRfl | 

Grammar ( ) n. a book containing rules 

for correct speaking and writing a 
language 1 

Grammarian n. one versed in grammar 
»lt3fW I 

Grammar-school n. a high school in which 


[ 336 ] 


Latin and Greek are taught C»l(5?T 
f ^ I 

Grammatic, Grammatical adj. according to the 
rules of grammar I 

Gramophone ( ) n. an instrument 

for recording and reproducing articulate 
speech W I ( Gr. 

sound ). 

Grampus ( C5I’5{-‘^57 ) n. a large voracious fish 
^15 I 

Granary ( ) n. storehouse for grain 
«tT5T ^ C«tt9l I 

Grand ( CS'Q ) adj. of great size, extent, power 
or dignity ; illustrious, 

noble I 

Grandam n. a grand-mother i 

Grand-daughter n. i Grand-father n. 

^1 i Grand-mother n. 

'BTf^ I Grand-son n. i Grand-nephew n. 

the grand son of a brother or sister 
^1 I Great-Grand-father=^'$ 


Grandee (C5I'^) n. a man of high rank or 
station t 

Grandeur ( C5lf«^^ ) n. magnificence, splen- 
dour ; loftiness of ihouglit 

or deportment I 

Grandiloquent ( ) adj. speaking 

grandly, pompous 

5 I 

Grand-jury ( ) n. a special jury to 

decide whether an accused be put on 
trial <f1^ 

Grandsire ( ) n. a grand-father 

fnt5tai3?, 1 

Granite ( ) n. a crystalinc rock 

Grant vorous ( ) adj. feeding on seeds 

nfi? c«rf?i, »rgrt^i^ i 

Grant ( ) n. something bestowed, a gift 
WTST, |1%, tJW^ jfir ; to bestow or give 

over cf, ; to admit as 

true ^ I Grantee 

fi. the person to whom a grant is made 
aift^l I Take fbr granted =lfT 
*tf^ f511?r1 1 Fee-simple grant 

Grant-in-aid i 

Granular ( ) adj. consisting of grains 


«f^i, ’S(?’j(tn?ii, I 

Granulate ( ) v. t. to form into grains 

c&Tcnt^i I 

Granule ( cajf^^cT ) «. a little grain, a fine 


Grape ( CSi'^~ ) n. the fruit of the grapevine 
tii^ I Grape-shot = a 
rlustcr of small shots piled on a circular 
plate I Sour grapcs*= 

I Grape- 

Graph (/OT’ ) n. a representation by means of 
lines I 

Graphic, Graphical ( — «i)Fj ) adj. vivid, 

picturesquely described 
r^*Ttf^cn I Graphic arts = painting, 

drawing, engraving etc. 

^^1 I Graphically adv. vividly, as 

in a picture, by writing *^1^- 


Graphite ( caJtFf^^ ) «. a mineral used in making 
pencil 'itfsTW ^1115 I 

Grapnel ( C5J‘^C^'P[ ) n. a small anchor y[W 
; an instrument with flukes to seize 
a ship or something in the sea **13?? 

ept^tw It<1 r^Tl <1^1 ; 

^»T I 

Grapple ( ) v. t. to lay fast hold of 
*1^ I — V. i. to contend in close fight 

Grasp ( ) V. t. to seize by clasping with 

th# fingers or arms, to clutch at 


[ 337 ] 


to comprehend 

I Grasp at=iff^irt»f C8F^ ^ i — 
gripe of the hand, grip ; fast hold 

Grasping ( ) pa* a4i. accroaching, 
avaricious, seizing arfrvtfl, ♦R? ^ 
f^CTl, I Graspless adj. 


Grass ( Ciri^ ) n. common herbage ; 

the surface of a mine 'e^R I — 

V. t. to cover with grass 

; to feed with grass J Go to 

grass ='^tf CT(f9{ C?, (R, 

I Let not grass grow under one's feet= 
waste no time in doing something 
C^fll \ At grass = out of work 

Grass-cutter n. one who cuts grass for 
baggage-cattle I 

Grasshopper ( ) n. an insect allied 

to locusts and crickets t 

Grass-land n. permanent pasture 
itt I 

Grass widow n, a wife separated from her 
husband \ 

Grassy ( Cdifs ) adj. covered with grass 
; green C^WbBl, I 

Grate ( c®’$ ) n. a frame of iron bars for 
holding coal used as fuel ^*11 

sfw cm? Ffsf^ I 

Grate ( ) v. t. to rub hard, to fret, to 

vex fsRl, ; to make 

a harsh sound C^C?^-C^C?^ »r?f ?R i 
Grater ( ) n. an instrument with a 

rough surface cmc?1 

f?f*rc« ^1 m«? 

c?f^, I 

Grateful ( ca’^-^ ) adj. having a sense of 
favour, thankful ; 

delightful I Gratefulness 

n. »rm<r, ^nm? Cl?st? i Gratefully 

ado. » 


Gratification ( ca!J-f^CW^ ) n. delight satis- 
faction, that which gratifies JlCWt?, 

; reward i 

Gratify ( ca!?m^ ) v. t. to please, to soothe, 
to indulge ?*?, «51, 


Gratifying adj. pleasing i 

Grating n. a frame of bars c^lT? ^src? 

cm? mn ?1 wmn l —adj. harsh 

?f^»f, C?tar»^l?1 ; irritating < 

Gratis ( without payment, for 
nothing (4C?^, f??t^[C»lI, I 

Gratitude ( ) n. thankfulness 

%n^t? Tr?i, "fm^r, sT^e? i 

Gratuitous ( ) (^dj. done or given 

for nothing, voluntary ^1 ?1 f??1, 

csc?5?rmc? fHt, f??t^»ii fiw^, c?tTmwtt?s 
f?Tl ?1 cm?1 ; without reason or ground 
^m?*i I 

Gratuity ( ) n. free gift, a present 

:(?m?, ?^rs^, ?t?, ^*m? i 

Gravamen ( caimi?? ) n. ( />/.— mina ) '6W?, 
mnf% ; c?itf?f^ »ir? i 

Grave ( cai’V" ) v. t. to engrave, to carve 
?^ cm^P!, cmr?i ?T^ ?i ?it?? ?i spin 
I {pa. p. Graved or Graven ). 

Grave ( C®’^ ) n. pit dug out for burying, 
the dead ^??, ??1 C^ltil ^?*Tt? ; death 
I — adj. sober, solemn sitft?, 

?l? ; weighty ; serious tl?'^? i Grave- 
digger ==?r?? ?1 t?Tf? mcmsl \ Grave yard 
=a burial ground ????1?1 l With one 
foot in the grave =on the verge of death 
?r? ?C? I Graveness n. 

n^i I 

Gravel ( C®’C®*T[ ) «. pebbles intermixed with 
sand ; concretions in 

the kidneys m?f? l — v. t. to cover with 
gravel ?iir? nt? i 

Graver ( Cfi’m? ) «. a tool to engrave with 

nr?? mf? » 


[ 338 ] 

Green horn 

Gravid ( C<5lt%'S" ) adj. heavy with child, 
pregnant i 

Gravitate ( ) v. t. to tend towards 
the earth, to be attracted towards any- 

?pt9jtsT ^ I 

Gravitation ( ) n. tendency of 

bodies to attract each other *(f^, 

Gravity ( C5lf%^ ) «• weightiness tl^?, ; 

a force that draws a body towards another 
; state of being 
grave or sober ; relative 

importance i Specific gravity (see 

Specific ). 

Gravy ( CSr’*^ ) n. juice from meat while 
cooking |^^in cm»r, I 

Gray, Grey ( Cif' ) adj. white with a mixture 
of black ; aged, gray 

haired i — n. gray colour 

^4, i Gray beard n. n^1 


Grayish ( C5l’^5' ) adj, somewhat gray 

Graze ( ca’W ) v. t. to feed on grass ^1, 
^^1 1 — V. i. to eat grass I- Grazing 
ground =^f^-'sr’5 isz^W itt, i 

Grazing superintendent 

Graze ( CdJ’W ) v. t. to pass lightly alone 
the surface CP^lCefaT 

«n I 

Grazier ( ) «• one who grazec cattle 


Grease ( ) n. animal fat i 

— V. t. to smear with grease ^^1, 

^rt^T I Greasiness n. 

Greasy ( ffl1% or ) adj. of or like grease 
smeared with grease ; 

smooth I 

Great ( edit ) ^'^J- chief 

^5?, <2f«(t5T, ; weighty ; noble, 

mighty C«ji, ; large in number 

; distinguished f^jl^. 
The great =vf®t^ C»fr^^?P9T, 

I Great coat=an over coat 

C?t»Tl I Great-hearted = high spiri- 
ted '6^ I Great-primer 

» Great-uncle =?|t?Pl ^1 
I Great powers 
(1F19T, wHt=fl, 

f^1, ) I Great sea = the Medi- 
terranean 1 Great grand-father = 

«rtCWl I Great Britain 

^t=t ^ n^?n I Greatly 

adv. I 

Greaves ( ) n. the sediment of melted 

tallow ^r31t?l1 Cffff I 

Greaves n. ( pL ) an armour for the legs 
fn^1 I 

Grebe ( ) n, an aquatic bird '8f»T- 

nv*! I 

Grecian ( fai-c^ ) adj. pertaining to Greece 
I — n. a native of Greece 
C»\t^ I 

Greed ( ) n. an eager desire, covetous- 
ness I 

Greedy ( ) adj. having a voracious 
appetite <r^rl ; covetous i 

Greek ( ) n. the language of Greece 

; a Grecian i 

Green ( ) adj. of the colour of growing 

plants ; 

fresh, raw, unripe, not dry C^u1, 

; inexperienced 

I a green colour ; ; a 

grassy plot i Greens n. ( pi. ) leaves 
and stems of green vegetables i 

Do you see any green in my eycs=cn? 

istt C^1 W5T ? 

Green-eyed ==jealous i 

Green light ^tupsr »iTiR C»lt^1 ^sjf^ i 

Green hom n. an inexperienced youth 

niRfsw 3tW5?1 f 


[ 339 ] 


Green-house n. a building for protecting 
exotic plants *1^ ^Ttf? 

Green room ( ) ». the retiring room 

of actors in a theatre ^ I 

Greensward ( ) n. a turf green with 

grass I 

Green-vitriol ( ) n. sulphate of 

iron I 

Greet ( ) v. t to salute, to send kind 

^ W^1 1 

Greeting n. salutation 


Gregarious ( ) adj- living in flocks 

and herds ^^1 ^1 I Grega- 

riousness n. 

Gregorian ( ) adj. belonging to or 

established by Pope Gregory 
^1 I 

Grenade ( ) n. a small shell of iron 
filled with gunpowder and bits of iron 

^U*i ^ 1 Hand grenade 

Grenadier ( ) n. a title of the first 

three battalions of the footguards 
^ntfir I 

Grew ( arj ) pa. t. of grow. 

Grey same as Gray. 

Greyhound ( ) «. a tall and slender 

dog of great speed ^It?! 

Griddle ( ) n. a flat iron pan C^C^t^l, 

c^?n I 

Gridiron ( ) n. a frame of iron 

bars for boiling flesh or fish ?rtf , 

C^U I 

Grief (fjfsir) n. sorrow, affliction mourn- 
ing (pnfv, ^tn, ^<f, c^wt^, i 

Grieve ( ftfis;; ) u. t. to cause grief C"lt^ * 1^1 

Of, Of I —V. i. to feel grief, to 

mourn C*rt^ i 

Grievance ( ) n. that which causes 

grief,, hardship, injury C^Wt^, 

^tnf% • 

Grievous ( ) adj. causing pain, painful 

atrocious CiF*rtft^^, o*rt^«r5pp, 

; Grievous hurt= 
^5T €n«r^ y\‘sm c^t?fi 


Grievously adv. in a grievous manner 

c^-nft^^rn I 

Griffin ( ) or Griffon n. an imaginary 

animal iD^ ; a novice 

C»lt^P ; a duenna I 

Grig ( 

*fr^ I 

Grill ( ) V. t. to boil on a gridiron 
^tW ; to torment ^5«Tl i Grill- 
room =a restaurant ^Wl C^1^1 ^'6?1 

C*fW*f, C^51 

ert^tJf I 

Grim ( ) adj. ferocious, ghastly 

; stern, sullen 
I Grimness n. 

Grimace ( ) n. a distor tion of the 

face ^'•rsfV, \ — v. i. to make 

grimaces 05^51, i 

Grimalkin ( ) n. an old cat ^ 


Grime ( ait^ ) n. dirt deeply ingrained 
srf^ I — V. t. to soil deeply 

Grin ( ) v. i. to show the teeth in deri- 
sion Cti^ I 

— n. a forced smile I 

Grinning p. adj. making grins Alts 

Grind ( iSTtAtl ) v. t. to reduce to powder 
; to rub together t5»f, ; to 

sharpen by rubbing »rf«n5 Cf, ; to 
oppress ; to read hard ♦ly I 


[ 340 ] 


( pa. p. ground ). — n. laborious study 

nfwT ^ I 

Grinder ( ) n. he who or that which 

grinds W*t^ 

a hard student ^ Itaf I 

Grindstone ( ) n. a circular stone 
for grinding wtv i To keep one’s nose 
to the grindstones: to subject one to con 
tinuous punishment *rf% 

c^t^r cw i 

Grip ( f3T*f7 ) n. seize, hold, grasp 

; pinching distress irf«r1 
MsTin I — V t. to grasp tftnrf5 iTtf? SW I 
( P- Si'^PP^i ) • The loose one’s 

grips to lose control *1^1 ’Tf^, 

♦m ai?1 •R I 

Gripe ( ) V. t. to seize with the hand 

^rtnrtFiitf^ If? ; to give pain to the bowels 
I — fast hold ?tnrt5, 
j^nl ; control ; {pi.) a severe pain 
in the intestines C*rt I Griping 

p. adj. avaricious ; grasping 

srf^s irn, s?i i 

Grisaille (ftirsrsi ) n. decorative painting 
in grey monotone to represent objects 
in relief 

vnf?s ©•rr^ I 

Grisly ( f©spf^ ) adj. frightful, hideous «?- 
»iin, I 

Grist ( ) n. corn for grinding at one 

lime, supply ?1 

c»rt^ "rai cut-nt^ i Grist mili=?r5i ?i 

All is grist that conies to his 

mill = to utilise everything 
?R1 *[VS\Z^ ffpJ ^T?13T I 

Gristle ( f©5:»r ) n. cartilage. 

I Gristly adj. 

Grit ( ) n. coarse part of meal 

»W? Vfir ; gravel 

; finnness of character ??? ^^1 i 

Gritty adj. sandy ^fsf-?tfsT f^f^T ; determin- 
ed ^piRl, f9r©fw I 

Grizzle ( ) n. a gray colour ?4, 

?lNr1 W I Grizzy adj. 

Groan ( ) v. i. to breathe with a moan- 

ing sound C?<rl I — n. a deep moan- 
ing sound » Groaning n. 

Groat ( ©'P; ) n. an English silver coin 
worth four pence ^tST'dVtr ^ITI ; 

a very small sum il^ l 

Groats { ) n. {pi. ) coarsely husked 

grain of oats il1 ^ I 

Grocer ( ©St? ) n. a dealer in tea, sugar 
ect. 'srrf? vpil i Gro- 

cery n. {pi. ) articles sold by a grocer 

rr?, csfSr ^^1 ?^f5i»it^ I 

Grog ( ©IT' ) n. spirits and water mixed 
together VZW C*T? I Grog- 

shop » a place for retailing grogs ?F? 
Cirt?rf? 1 Groggy adj. slightly intoxicated 
??? Wt^FT i(?1, WtTBtFT I 

Grogram ( ©T©? ) n. a coarse fabric of silk 
af?s ?fih <?i5nft i 
Groin ( ©!•[ ) n. the part between the belly 
and thigh ^V^Wn? nl^l^at? p I 

Groom ( ©T{ ) n, one who has the charge 
of horse ?P|^*ttFT¥, ; a title of 

certain officers of the royal household 
^w\ w c^i5jn 

a bride-groom ??1 i Grooms-man n. the 
attendant on a bride groom i 

Groove ( ©p’ ) n. a furrow, a long hollow 
such as is cut with a tool C^Tt? 

C?t*lf5T • — V. t. to cut a furrow in C»l1? 

Grope ( ©’n^ ) v. i. to feel in the dark, to 
search like a blind man i — v. t. 

to search by feeling » 

Gross ( ©*S7 ) adj. coarse, rough 
C?tiM ; bulky, dense T5ti, ; glaring 
CT?tl?f^ ; stupid ^!Otif ; obscene 

»TtW»T?1 ; whole 51^4, ?CF^- 

— n. the whole bulk ^-?t4, 


t 341 ] 


twelve dozen ^1 

b88 5ft<rr1 I Gross produce r=7f^3jlb i 
Gross profit i Gross neglect 

I Grossly adv. shamefully, in a gross 
manner i 

In the gross=c?rtrl>, » 

Grotesque ( ) adj. odd, ludicrous 

c^f5rr»i lift ^ii, i 
Grotto ( ai’lJ ) n. an ornamental cave, a 
place of shade for pleasure 

Ground pa. t. and pa. p. of Grind 
Ground ( art^'O ) n. the surface of the earth 
^fii ; position, place of action ftf^, 

; foundation ; reason nft, 

^1^1, I — V. i. to fix on a founda- 
tion ^ 

; to instruct in first prin- 
ciples ^»r ftr^1 l — y. t. to stike 

the bottom and remain fixed ci^ 

«fft »itft ( c^rst ) I Be on one’s 
own ground «ft:w 1 R 1 
♦11 I Break ground =to take the first 
step in any project ?fr? i Fall 

to the grounds to come to nothing 
ft^1 q, ftw ^ I Gain ground 
FSf ♦n I Give ground = to yield advantage 
;5ft<r1 <j|ft cw, Fri nt^i^ i Lose ground = 
to retire ♦ift f, i Stand 

or hold one’s ground = to stand firm 


Ground floor = the floor of a house on a level 
with the street VTWl ^9^ 


Groundless adj. without ground or found- 
ation ^»i^, ft 5 l, I Ground- 
lessly adv. vflirnr, i 

Grounding n. back ground of embroidery etc. 

«rrftT 4ft I 

Ground-nut n. pea-nut i 

Ground plan n. C5tl?q i 

Ground plot n. ^ wi i 

Ground rent n. rent due for use of land iTtH? 
♦ftW^ll I 

Ground-work n. foundation, basis, the 
essential part tgf|? ^»T, tift, 


Group ( ) n. a number of persons or 

things together qfiT, C<ltn, Wl«P, *f»l i 

— V. t. to form into a group q[^ qtq;, 

c^n 4ft I 

Grouse ( aiftw; ) n. the heath-cock 
c4flr® ♦lift «(’151 ^ni «^ft I 

Grout ( ) V. i. to turn up earth with 

snout C«f’tCt5t^1r^ illfll C^IW ( )l 

Grove ( ) n. a wood of small size of an 

ornamental character fWlI^fftl ’W 

Iff ; an avenue of trees 
^If I Groves of Academe =ftTiH 

I ( >aiqfi 4ft5i 

51ft ) > 

Grovel ( ) v. i. to crawl on the earth 

especially in fear <111 |[lft » 

Grovelling adj. mean i 

Grow ( at’ ) y. i. to increase in size f ; 

to develop q, qfti n1, ’^l?; 

to become q ; to vegetate iTW i — v. t. to 
cause to grow iiafl, *1^ ftfts qft I 

( pa. t. grew ( ar ) pa. p. grown ). Grow on 
— ♦n I Grow out of=to result from 
'e»11, \ I Grow up=to advance in 

growth q ; to take root ifW, ^fw 

'«»I1 I Growing adj. C^ft i Grown up = 
fully developed ^tW^, i 

Growl ( ) V. i. or v. t. to grumble surlily 

c^sR, cwt^ftql, c*r ( ) I 

— n. a murmuring sound Wtfcft, 

Growth ( 11^4^ ) fi. a growing, gradual in- 
crease, development qf%, i^*T, 

cqt^ I 

Grub ( ) n. the larva of the beetle moth 

etc. ♦Rl '0r»rR1 C»1t^ I — *. to dig in 


[ 342 ] 


the dirt ?iti^ I Gnibstreet=any mean 
literary production >rt^rt» 

Grudge ( art^r ) o.t. to murmur at 

V[ ^ \ —V. i. 

C4WT^ I — n. secret envy 
^1F1, ^rrraFt^, C’vn I Grudgingly 
adv. unwillingly 

Gruel ( ar]jr?[*^ ) n. food or meal boiled in water 
nriftiil ^t?t?r, ii'O I 

Gruesome ( ai"-^ ) adj. I orrible, dismal, feaiful 

Gruff ( arttp^ ) adj. rough in manner, churlish 

Grumble ( aft^*^ ) v. i. to murmur with dis- 

4R, C^U^1 I (with at). Grumbling n. 

Grumpy ( aft"^ ) adj. surly ^^TTWtfUl, 
f5r<^i, ciTtrit4i I 

Grunt ( af^ ) v. i. to utter a sound like a pig 
»r^ i — n. c^tf- 

Guano ( CVT7^*1’ ) n. excrement of certain 
sea fowls used as manure 

S I 

Guarantee ( ) or Guaranty n. a 
surety Wlf^^ ; one responsible for the 
performance of some action or for the 
truth of some statement •f’fl- 

Cirt^ C*lt^ I — V. t. undertake the per- 
formance of something by another 
1 CWy W\JT\ »r<Tl ^y ifw 4R, ^Tl- 

If ; to make sure i 

Guard ( ) v. t. or v. i. to watch, to take 
care of n^Tl C?, 3|f^ K\^y 4^ i — n. 

that which protects from danger ; 

a watch n^irl, i5Vff, ; one 

who has the charge of a train C4*ni ^Tf^, 
C?RfRS^?|r ; state of caution I (/>/•) 

troops attached to the person of a king 

^W14 *1:^1 »ir<r I On one’s guard 

=*R?1 1% I Off one’s guard=n^^1 
^^y 5 I 

Guarded ( ) adj. cautious 

I Guardedly adv. i 

Guardian ( ) n. one that has the care 

of another '5f<lTW, 

Guardian angel =ait*r^4l 
I Guardianship =^vntl^*R 'St^, 


Guava ( ) n. a kind of trees with yellow 

pear shaped fruit 'n^fk 'm’r I 
Gubernatorial ( ) adj. relating 
to Government «rf^^ i 

Gudgeon ( ) «. a kind of fish 

; a pei-son easily cheated 
C»rt^ ; a pin I 

Guerdon ( ) n. a reward I 

Guerrilla, Guerilla ( ) n. an irregular 

war fare 'SZ\zm \% 4^41 f^il I 

War fare=J5^t^ 4^41 i 
Guess ( C^’5“ ) V. t. to conjecture 'or^'ssrt^^ 4^31, 
'Str4 »T, It? I — n. conjecture ^1^T, 

^ti^4it»f, ^lHf1w, ^'SiU I Guessable 
adj. that may be guessed ^ 

n?1 I 

Guest ( ) n. a visitor received and enter- 
tained C»ll4r I 

Guffaw ( cm-tF’ ) n.y v. 1^1 i 

Guggle ( ) V. i. to gurgle ♦I'pll ^ 

41 1T4:44: »r4f 44 I 

Guide (‘Stil’®) v. t. to lead, to direct, to influence 
5»n, 4ti> C4^, ^^r4*r C4, *44^ 15»n I —n. he 
who or that which guides *14 
^nc4^i, 4iiJ i 

Guidance ( ultzw ) n. nt’f 04^4 i 
Guide-book n. a book containing information 
for travellers C4rr:4l 4444 f444^ fwt*f I 

Guidepost n. a post erected at a roadside to 
guide the traveller 44 ©444* 4lt 

C44t4t4 enm I 

Guild, Gild ( f4*l^ ) n. a corporation for 


t 343 ] 


mutual help »r»I I Trade 

guild =JTtri5f^r TO1 1 Guild hall=ri' 0 ^? 

I Guild brother = a fellow 
member of a guild 

Guile ( ) n. wile, deceit ^tf^, d?9F^tf^, 

I Guileful adj. crafty, deceitful 
J Guileless adj. simple, artless 
jprar, ^w^ii i 

Guillotine ( ) n. an instrument for 

beheading I 

Guilt ( ) n. crime, wickedness Oft^, 

I Guiltless adj. inno- 
cent, free from crime I 

Guilty ( ) adj. chargeable with a 
crime, wicked i 

Guiltiness n. state of being guilty 
^?Tl I 

Guinea ( firf^ ) n. an English gold coin, now 
disused F»n C^*f4 ^¥1 

(=>.)& ) I Guinea-fowl n. 

c»it^n c^*r4 i 

Guinea-pig ( f%fi|-fn»r; ) n. a small rodent 
»fr4 cn^9t1 ufi I 

Guise ( ) n. manner, external appear- 

ance, garb 

^tw, I In the guise of— ^t'e 
«tf^, C9rt^4 mw I 

Guitar ( ) n. a six-stringed musical 

instrument ^*11 ^31, I 

Gulf ( ) an arm of the sea extending 

into land %9\J C^tTl 

C«ltn ; a whirl-pool ; an 

abyss ^t59i ^9\ ( Gulf stream =a great 
current of warm water flowing out 
along the ocean I 

Gull ( ) n. a web footed sea fowl vi|fif«{ 

tt? ; a trick ; one 

easily cheated fiR ntf^t i 

— y. i. to beguile c^, I 

Gullible adj. easily deceived 
nstl I 

Gullet ( ^TtnriJ ) n. the passage in the neck 
through which food passes into the 
stomach C=l^, ; the throat. 

Gully ( ^Ttffl ) n. a channel, a ditch ^1^1, 
♦Tt^ C^rtlTl C*lt^ • — V. t. to wear a channel 
in ♦tt^ ^ I Gullyhole=a 

manhole into a drain C^t?l1 ^»lt? 

Gulp ( 5itP[*f ) V. t. to swallow eager ly in 
large quantity ^1, CFt^1 

I — «. as much as is swallowed 
at a time 1T^1? i 

Gum ( ^'S[ ) n. the fleshy tissue on which 
the teeth arc set ; a substance 

which exudes from certain trees and 
plants Ilf? ; secretion collecting in 
corner of eyes I — v. t. to smear 

with gum sn-srl I Gum-arabic =5r5r »ail » 
Gum-elastic k«il I Gum resin = 

I Gum-pot ^^psi 'ail C«ft^ i Gum- 
miness n. quality or being gummy 'Hit'aft 

w*!, cwr*i^ii nn I 

Gummy ( ) adj. consisting of or resem- 
bling gum 'nit'afe, cwi:»it5?i, i 

Gun ( ) n. firearm ; a cannon 

I Blow great guns= 

^^^1 « Son of a gun=iogue 

I Great gun = an eminent 
person C^Tt^ i Gun- 

carriage I Gun-cotton = 

^ I Gun-fire= 
> Gun-metal 

'BTpp *(t^ I Gunnage^c’iytr^n wt^V 

» Gun port = port 
hole ^ ' 

Gunner ( ) n. one who works a cannon 

w, c»rt^ I 

Gunnery ( ) n. the art or the science 

of managing guns I 

Gunpowder ( ) n. an explosive 

substance used for firing guns 


[ 344 ] 


Gunshot ( ) n. the distance to which 

a shot can be thrown from a gun 

f^?rr!T nt:? 

Gnnstock ( ) n. the piece of wood 

in which a barrel of a gun is fixed 
^**n I 

Gunny ( ^rtfir ) n. a strong jute cloth used 
as sacking \ 

Gunwale, Gunnel ( ) n. the upper part 

of a ship’s side i 

Gurgle ( ) V. i. to flow with noise as 

water from a bottle 

Gush ( ^TfF^ ) V. i. to rush out with violence 
or copiously ^1 

yisil ^ \ — n. violent issue of a fluid 

Cirt^t^pfsr, ^>trl i Gush- 
ing adj. flowing copiously ♦f^l, 

Gusset ( ) n. an angular piece let into 

a garment C5t»fT^ C^tC^n 1%?! 

f?rfi ; 

an iron bracket strengthening angle of 
a structure 

L ^1^ I 

Gust ( ) n. a sudden blast of wind ; 

burst of rain, fire, sound or passion 
^si^, ; sense of taste 

^trf? I 

Gustful, Gusty adj. stormy, irritable ; 

; relish, gratification 

^f«, I 

Gusto ( ) n. taste 


Gut ( ‘Jft§ ) n. the intestines of an animal 
used for violin-strings ^^1 

; ( slang ) force of character 

>r?^ «n5t?l t ipL) the bowels ^t#t, 

I —V. t. to plunder ; to take 

out the bowels ^tW I 

Gutta-percha ( ) n. a flexible sub- 

stance like rubber 
•i)il, I 

Gutter ( ) n. a passage at the caves 
of a root for conveying water ; a 

channel for water ^*11 ^1 C®l1^ • 

Guttural ( ) adj. pertaining to the 

throat 3?^ ; harsh in sound 

I — n. a letter pronounced in 
the throat I 

Guy ( ) n. a rope to keep a body 

steady in hoisting ^f1*l 

05tr»ltr^ ; a grotesquely 

dressed in person, flight 
cait^, ^^^1 ®t'e I 

Guzzle ( ) V. i. or v. t. to swallow 

greedily and hastily 

Gymkhana ( ) n. a. place of meeting 

for sports i 

Gyro-compass ( 

f5i4? 1 

Gymnasium ( ) n. a place of 
physical exercise, school for the higher 
branches of literature and science Ht*!- 
|[W, f'lVI 

r^wl^T ^tf? 


Gymnast ( faf?|[-5t^ ) n. one who practises 
or teaches athletic exercise C^lf% 

Gymnastic ( ) adj. athletic c^lf^ 

cm I Gymnastics n. 

{pi. but used as Sing) athletic exercise 

Gynaeceum ( ‘tlt^f^rcr?ts[ ) n. woman’s quarters 
in a house i 

Gynaecology ( ) n. the science 
of treating of diseases of woman 3plr^1i 
, -_ist n. 

Gynarchy ( ) «. government h] 


t ^45 ] 


a female i ( Gr. gyne—3. 

female ). 

Gynecic ( ) adj. pertaining to diseas- 
es of the female i 

Gyp ( ) n. a college servant 

I Give one Gyp ( slang ) — 
pimisli him »ttf% I 
Gypsy see Gipsy. 

Gyrate ( ) v- i- to whirl round a 

central point CW I Gyration n. 


Gyre ( ) n. a circular motion 

^^•1 « 

Gyroscope ( instrument 
illustrating dynamics of rotating bodies 


Gyve ( Wtl®: ) v. t. to fetter 

WrVf^ si-fTl, fn^1 I Gyves n. {pi. ) 

fetters | 


■ ■ ( ) the eighth leiler in the English 


H — ^00,000 i 

Ha ( ^1 ) interj. denoting surprise, joy or 
grief ^t:, ^11^1, ^Wi I 

Ha-ha i 

Habeas-corpus ( ) n. a writ 

Oi(lering a jailor to produce a prisoner in 
( ourt 

Haberdasher ( ) n. a dealer iu 

sm ill waics as ril)bous, ta]>cs etc, 

c^<1tCr I Haberdashery 
n. goods sold by a haberdasher 
>J19T I 

Habergcn ( ) "• sleeveless coat of 

mail I 

Habiliment ( ) n. a garment 

I I pf- ^ clolhlug 

Habilitaie ( furnish with 
working capital especially to mines ^^1 

C? I Habilitation n act of supplying 
money to work a mine 

Habit ( ) n. temperament of body or 

mind ; practice 

; any customary dress 
Cnl6t^, \ —V. t. to dress >[t^ fn9>1 I 


Habitable ( ) adj. that may l)c 

dwelt in “^^1, ^>11% ?It>T I 

Habitabicness n. 


Habitat ( ) n. the natural abode <»f 

au auiiua! or plant ^1 *5154 


Habitation ( a dwelling, a place 

or abode 
^31 ! 

Habitual ( ) adj. ( uslomary, acquir- 

ed b> use 



[ 346 ] 

Habitually adv, ^<5Jt>T 

Habituate ( ) v. t. to accustom 

^^'Sf ^3^1 I Habituated adj accustom- 
ed ^15]^, >15'^ C^?l 1 I 

Habitude ( ) n. usual manner '5It^«|, 

ctr^, I 

Habitue n. a habitual frequenter 

Colt^ I 

Hachure ( ) «. a hill shading line 

on a map 
C ?«(1 I 

Hack ( ) V. h to cut, to mangle 

; to kick another at football 

T§^&^ 8 T C«(9lt5 ^{5351t? I — n. a cut 

^tn ; a kick ^(5 I Hack-saw^ 


Hack ( C\'^ ) n, a horse kept for hire 
f*f ^1 C^t ^1 ; a literary drudge 

C»IC^1^1 I —adj hired 
I — V. t. to offer for hire ; 

to use roughly I 

Hack-work = liter ary drudgery for ano- 
ther person C»l«[ 1 -*l ?1 4^1^ i 

Hacking n. a short and troublesome cough 

Hackery ( ) n. an ordinary bullock 

cart I 

Hackle ( ) n an instrument for comb- 
ing Qax »T«l I — 

V. t. to dress hemp or flax with a comb 
»T«| ^1 I 

Hackney ( ) ;l a horse or coach for 
hire fit^l {.^t^1 ‘Jll^ I —v. t. to 

carry in a hired coach ^ 1^1 ; 

to use much 

^3;t I Hackney-coach n. a hired coach 

Hackneyed ( ) adj. much used ^ 5 - 

^]? 5 )' 2 r, ; subject to common use 

C^CmC^TCl 1 

Had ( ) pa. t. and pa. p. of Have. 


Hades ( ) n. the unseen w^orld ; 

the abode of the dead i 

Hadji, Hajji ( ) rz. a Muhammedan 

pilgrim to Mecca '51^1 I 

Haemal ( ) or Hemal adj. relating 

to blood vessels i 

opposite of Neural. 

Haematite ( ) n. a valuable iron ore 

C^^ I 

Haemoglobin ( ) n. the red pigment 

in the red blood-corpuscles C*Ttf^'®- 

Haemorrhage ( ) n. discharge of 
blood from the blood-vessels 
♦f^1 I 

Haemorrhoid ( ) n. piles ^4, 


Haft ( ) ft. a handle I 

Hag ( woman 

I Haggish 

adj. like a hag. 

Haggard ( ) adj. lean 

; wild I — n. a hawk 

C*l«l I 

Haggle ( ) to mangle in cutting N^1, 

I —V. i. to be slow 
in making a bargain ; 

to cavil C^K'^bl I Haggling n. 


Hagiarchy ( ) ”• government by 

priests H'il I 

Hagiography ( C5l%?'SItf5P ) n. writing of saints 
lives as a branch of literature > 11 ^ 

Hail ( ) V. t. to greet, to call after 

It I — interj. may you be in health 
^•nsT I Hail-fellow^- a familiar friend 
f^3J I 

Hail ( ) a frozen rain fi^^j | 

— V. i. to rain, hail f»f9I 1 


[ 347 ] 


Hail-stone I Hail-storm -f^car 
:*i ^5^1 1 

Hair ( ) n. a filament growing from 

the skin of animals C^I^T ; anything 

very small and fine I 

Hair breadth— ; a very 
small distance ^ i Hair 

breadth escape ^ 

5?*>P1 I Hair dresser — a barber 

I Haired— a'^‘. having hair 
«f?Pl I Against the hair = contrary to 
what is natural I Comb a 

person’s hair the wrong way = to provoke 
c^tsT I Make the hair stand on end — 
to give a fright to another 

I Not to turn a hair— not to 
be distuibcd I To a 

hair, To the turn of a hair— with perfect 
nicety I To split 

hairs — to make sujtcrfinc distinctions 

I To do 

hair -:^^^^ i 

Hairiness n . C <^|51 «(^1 \ 

Hair-pencil n. l)rush of camePs hair 
V. I 

Hair-pin'l/. C«i‘t<1t3 

Hair-splitting n. the act of making minute 
distiuctions ^’*0 
4s^«! I 

Hair-stroke n. a fine stroke in writing 

^1 C?^1, fufk I 

Hairy ( ) adj. of or containing hair 

Halk ( ) V. i. to loiter about 

I — n. a fish like cod ; a 

pike ; n wooden frame work 

for drying something T9^^1 


Halberd ( ) n. an ancient military 

weapon tsjtsr^ \ 

Halcyon ( C^9^ft>-'5*r ) adj. calm, happy, 
peaceful i Halcyon- 

days— the days of peace and happiness 

Hale ( C^’^T ) adj. healthy ^’9, i 

Half ( ?ttp' ) n. one of two equal parts '5lt*t1, 

I pL Halves ( )-~adj. 

being in part, incomplete 

I — ndv. in part, imperfectly '5it*n- 
I Ka!f- 

blood::-^^iltCC5^ Half- 

bred— not well trained, wanting in 
refinement t Half- 

brother 1 Half-caste^ a half 

breed I Half-crown —a silver 

coin — two shillings and six pence 

I Half -dead = 

almost dead > Half-done 

I Half-hearted = 


I Half-mast —lowering of a 
flag half-way down as a signal of 
distress *««1 ^1^- 

I lfalf-wit|e<l---wcak in intellect 
I Half-seas-over ^half 
drunk '53t*fi I Cry-h^lvcs - to claim 

a half share 3j1tn 

f^6t^ I Go halves- -!o share equally with 
some one i Half a 

maund:=^1ttl c^1‘^ i H-alC-yearly^-^i^flTn, 

I One and a half-yc3rs= -:ti^ i 
Half-way V i 

Hall ( ) n. a large room 

C^1^1 ; a large chamber for pu!)iic busi- 
ness I Liberty hall 


I Assembly hall-^ i 
Hallelujah, Hallcluiiih ( ) n. a 

song of praise to God 


Hall-mark n. any mark on articles of gold 
and silver to indicate their g(nu’iicncss 
^t5®l I ~v. t, to mark 

authoritatively \ 


[ 348 3 


Halloo ( ) n. a cry to draw attention 

' ( Hallo ! =^, 

) I — raise an outcry 

^1^ I Halloo before one is 

out of the wood — to consider oneself safe 

before he is out of danger 

c^) ' 

Hallow ( C^®1’ ) V. t. to make holy 

«t ; to reverence 

>lTrt^ I 

Hallucination ( ) n. a delu- 
sion t35f, ^ .1^1 I 

Halo ( ) n. a luminous circle round 

the sun or moon <3^1 I 

{'pi. Halos ), — V. t. to surround with a halo 


Halt ( ) V. i. to slop from going on 
urtii, ^h55l ; to limp, to 

proceed lamely ^1» 

ipj , _y. t to stop ' 

— n. a halting, a stop in marching etW, 

I Halting place n. 

^1t55l I 

Halter ( ) ”• ^ tope to tie a horse, a 

rope for hanging criminals 
Wl "41 i- ^ 

halter on ^15 v\^^ I 

Halve ( ) V. t. to divide into two equal 

parts 4^^ • 

Halyard, Halliard ( ) ri. nt»l 

^41 Ct5t»l I 

Ham ( ) «. the thigh of a beast, 

especially a hog salted and dried ’Its f^^1, 
cm-i >itf^ cm^ -511^1%^ ♦Its f^r^t ‘ 

Hamble ( Cf^»l" ) v. t. to mutilate C^^rt^t 

dK 4Jtf5 «l45tf^»l1 • —V. i. to limp C^lt^tt 

C^4Tt I 

Hamlet ( ) «• » small village 

^t'd I 

Hammam ( ) «• an oriental bathing 

establishment <atSlR^^ t 

Hammer ( C^’Tt^ ) n. a tool for driving 
nails It^^ ; a part of the lock of a fire- 
arm C^t^1 I Hammer-and-tongs= 

violently I Bring to the hammer 

=to sell by auction 
CW I Up to the hammer =first rale 

Hammer ( ) i'- t- to strike with ham- 
mer ' Hammer idea into 

person's head=C4‘tlI^t ' 

Hammer out = devise ?5«^t ^4, ’Ttl I 

Hammock ( ) «• hanging bed of 

Strong cloth used in ships '^t^t^^ 

Hamper ( ) t-- to impede, to shackle, 

to perplex C*1»lb 

I (fig)’ ittipcde, obstruct 

^4 I — n. a chain I 

Hampered />. adj. fettered 

C^lTi I —n. a large basket 


Hamshakle ( restrain a 

cow or horse by a rope joined to the 

head and foreleg ^Z^ ' 

Hamstring ( one of the tendons 

at the back of the knee or ham t»l^, 

^ts CS^1^ 

; to lame by cutting the tendon. 

Hand ( ) «• the palm with the fingers, 

that which serves the function of a hand 

a workman ^•’S'^St^ ; a 

measure of four inches 5lf^ ; 

skill C5p\»i9i ; style of hand writing 

OTb ; possession i 

—V. t. to give with the hand C'f ; 

to lead or conduct 4ll5 I Hand and 

glove— on very intimate terms, with 
( Wil/i ) ‘SIU^I f’J’l ' Hand down 

=10 transmit from one to the otli>’ 
ii&t4 51^4 ♦1^1 ^1 » Hand 

in hand = conjointly 


[ 349 ] 


I Hand of God = unforeseen acci- 
dents, as ligiiining, tempest etc. 

I Hand over head = rashly 
I Hands down = with ease i Hands 

off ^ to keep off I Hand to 

hand ^ at close quarters I 

Hand to mouth — precariously 

i A bird in the 
hand ^present advantage 

cntld I A cool hand-^f^^^^ 

C5Tt^ I At any hand — in any case C^cs?- 
I At first hand=dircct from 

the producer 

I At hand near 
I A second hand— not directly 
from the original source 

I Believed on all hands — generally 
believed t 

Bear a hand^-J^?;!^ i 

By the strong hand — by force C^t^- 

I Cap in hand —humbly i 

Change hands— to pass from one owner 
to anotlicr 'Slt^T 

*^1^, ^t'3 ^s^fsf ^ I For one’s own 
hand— on one's own account "^tC^ l 

From good hands — from a relialdc source 

I Gain the upper hand = 

to obtain mastery a*(t^ ^ l Get 

one’s hand in — to be familiar with ^t^S- 
I Have a hand in=to be concer- 
ned in I Have clean 

hands — ^ i Hold in hand=to res- 
train ^t«[, I In hand=in prepara- 
tion I Kiss 

the hand = ?f> 5 Jt 5 l ’^Tl i 

Lay hands on--^to seize «l1ap3l*i Ht^ 

C^1s^ I Lend a hand — to help 
I Off handy Out of hand— at once 
I Off one’s hands 

I5t^^ vD^I I Old hand=one 

experienced i On all 

hands =on all sides ^^C9|1 C4S^f^5T i 

On hand— availaVde, in one’s possession 
a^i, '21^^ < Poor 

hand— i Second-hand = not new 
I Set the hand to^^^to under 
take ^1^ C? I Show one’s hand = 

I Strike hand=make a 
contract i Under one’s 

hand— with signature attached I 

Wash one’s hands of— to disclaim respon- 
sibility cw I With a heavy hand^^ 

oppressively I With a high 

hand --f^'Sf?i^?iC^ i 

Hand-bag n. a bag carried in the hand 

Hand-barrow u. a bariow drawn by men 

Hand-bill «. a bill or loose slicct \viili 
some advertisement 

Hand-book n. a book of reference 9l1^- 

Handcuff n. shackle for the hand i 

— V. t. to put handcuhs on 

Handful ( ) n. as mucli as fills the 

hand i 

Handicap ( ) v. t. to place at a 

disadvantage by some burden, to impose 
impediments upon ^t*rl 

c'T, c*f^i I 

Handicuffs n. fighting hand to hand 

Handicraft ( C$Rl-C3l»^^ ) n: a manual occu- 
pation I 

Hand grenade C^fl ; i 

Handiwork ( work done by 

the hands I 

Handkerchief ( ) n. a cloth used 

for wiping the face 
Its!?, C^t^5l I 

Handle ( ) v. t. to touch or use with 
hand ^t^ C^, C^1, ; to manage 


[ 350 ] 


I — n. that part of anything which is 
held in hand ; an occassion, 

a pretext i Give a handle 

C*f I Handle a person roitghly or kiiidly= 


Handling ( ) n. the touching, mana- 
ging with ilic Iiand lt$ C^.1^1, ^1 

Hand-lrom ( ) «. a v.’eavcr’s loom 

worked L'y hand i 

Hand made adj. ^^1 i 

Hand-oul i 

Handsel ( C5o1 ) or Hansel n. earnest 
money paid by way of binding a bargain 
; the first sale 
c^itiT CM?'! *f«T I 

Handsome ( ) ndj. good-looking 

; generous, 

ample I Handsomely adv. 

am])Iy ; li;,eral!y ; 

nicely i 

Handspike ( ) n. a wooden lever 

used vv'ith tlic hand ?lf^, 


Handwriting ( ) n. the style of 

writing i 

Handy ( CJ'^ ) adj. near at hand ^’^1, 

; convenient ; dex- 
terous I Handy-man 

Hang ( ) V. t. ( pa. t. and pa. p. hung 

or hanged ) tosus;)end «f, ; to 

pul to death by suspendmg C’f, 

vercltXl^i ^*t ; to lean 

on cUt^l fw «t I — V. i. to swing 

\G5lf^ 91)^ ; to lean on «H1^' I Not a 

hang-^'SI^^iil i^5?r ; not a bit \ 

Hang about^f^flt I Hang back 

= to hesitate | 

Hang fire — to be long in discharging, 
to hesitate f, C^tC^Tl C^TT^I 

I Hang in doubt =to re- 

main in suspense 

9 I Hang in the balance 
«rt^, ■5?r 

«ft^ I Kang off = to hold off-ut^ C^, 

I Hang on=to cling to ; to 

depend upon ; to oppress 

cl&tsilf4 <t^, I Hang 

over=ve^,f^ i Hang together ^ 

I Hang up one’s hat=^-^:tC^1 

^mX4 I Hang dog^--=a 

low fellow I Hangman-^- 

{collq). Not a hang^not 

at all 5^5^ I 

Hanger ( ) n. a broad sword tf1 ; 

that on which is hung 

) ; a shed for acroi)lanc 

C«rt?l1 m I 

Hanger-on n. one who hangs on another 

5Tr« 'esTi^ ; a 

dependent i 

Hanging n. death by the halter I Hang- 
ings n. ( pi. ) that which is hung 

Hank ( C9^ ) n. two or moic skhis of thread 
tied together I 

Hanker ( ) v. i. to long for 

I (with after, for) 

C9‘^ti:9C-^ i Hankering n. a cra- 

ving 5^19, (9*115 » 

Hanky-panky n. i 

Hansard ( (95^51®'' ) n. the printed report of 
debates in parliament 

Hansom-cab ( ) «• ’Tlfl » 

Hap ( C 9*17 ) n. chance, lot, accident 
C9t?1 9^1^ ^^^1 ' 

Haphazard ( C9*f:-C9<^1'6 ) n. mere chance 
9^1^ I — adj. accidental IR'H 

C9t9l, '5Jt59f^?R|s I — adv. at random ^<(1“ 
f99^ C>fC^ 9^©^ I 


[ 351 ] 


Hapless ( ) adj. unhappy, unfor- 
tunate I 

Haply ( ) adj. by chance, perhaps 

Happen ( C^’TST ) v. i. to take place, to 
chance, to be 5, i 

Happy ( ) adj. lucky, fortunate 

; dexterous f^^«1 | 

Happily ( ) adv. fortunately I 

Happiness ( ) n. state of being 

happy I 

Harangue ( ) n. a loud speech, a pom- 

pous address ^^51 I — V i. or V. t. to 
make a loud speech \ 

Harass ( ) v. l. to fatigue, to torment 
?pt''S c^-«i c»f, I 

Harassing p. adj. annoying 

I Harassment n. annoyance ^1^1- 
C‘^*T, I 

Harbinger ( ) n. forerunner ’tSfsj- 


Harbour ( ) n. any refuge or shelter 

a Iiavcn for ships 

I — V. t. to give shelter CW ; to 

protect I ; to entertain 

C*f I Harbour master Ji. 

^Sff^ I 

Hard ( ) adj. firm, solid severe, stiff 

»r^^, ; painful ; diffi- 

cult to understand ; do or bear 

; violent, rigorous ^ai, C^«[- 

1 Hard by near, close 'eF^^, i 

Hurd and fast— rigidly laid down 

I Hard of hearing— pretty 

deaf ^o11 I Hard up— short of money 

I Be hard put 

to it=to be in great difficulty 

I Die hard-=£ft«fnf«i 
^1% I Hard-cured 

T5C^t^1 ( C?i:5t 3rt5 ) I Hard drinker=?[^ 

I Hard earned = earned with diffi- 
culty ^^^1 I 

Harden ( ) v. t. to make hard, to streng- 
then &1ST, ^1 I 

— V. i. to become hard 9^ 

I Hard favoured— having coarse 
features I Hard fisted— close 

fisted, niggardly rE>?|i&1, ; 

having h ird fists I Hard-fought 

=hard contested I 

Hard goikn i Kard-hand- 

ed = ’ongh severe tf5&: I Hard 

headed =-^ shrewd ct>^^ i Hard 

hearted —cruel I Hard 

licarlcditcss— i Hard-labour— 

I ( sl'.Jig) He got 2 years 
hard labaur-^:^^^^ <T.fejT 


Hardihood ( ) n. impudence >l1i^, 

Hardiness ( ) ?i. firm intrepidity 

"ff^, I 

Hardly ( ) adv. wiih difficulty 

scarcely at? ^1^?, ; harshly 

I Hard-money i Hard 

mouthed— not easily managed as a horse 
I One can hardly see it al?[ 
C^«t1 I Hard run— greatly pressed 

Hardship ( ) n. severe toil, a liard 
state ^3S1, I Hard 

visaged— of a haid coarse or foi bidding 
visage I 

Hardware ( «• m liclcs made of 
the baser metals '*1^1, C®l1 

^^1 ■<^, I 

Hard-won = won with toil and difficulty 
C’1t?l1 I 

Hardy ( ) ca/j. strong and stout, daring, 

resolute ^^^y §t^l, >lf?^ ^^y 

Hare ( C5?lt^ ) n. a small timid animal 
which runs swifty by leaps I 



Hare-brained ( ) adj. giddy, wild, 

heedless bSP^l I 

Hare-lip ( ) n. a divided lip like 

that of a hare I Hold 

with the hare and run with the hound = to 
play a double and deceitful game 

Harem ( ) n. female apartment in 

a Ittuhammcdan house 

31551 1 

Hark ( 51^ ) inter, or v. i. listen I 
Harlequin ( ) n. a Imfloon 5*, 

Harlot ( ) a whore, a lewd woman C^’® 1 . 


Harlotry ( ) n. prostitution 

Harm ( ) n. injury, damage 5 tf^, 

I —a. t. to damage '*pf^ I 
Harmful adj. hurtful l l 

Harmless adj. not injurious, innocent 

Harmonic, — al ( ) adj. music; 


I Harmonies «. {pi. ) ( but used 
as Sing. ) si:icnce of musical sounds 

Harmonious ( ) ndj. symmcirical 

concordant f^TSlW, ^T^lTiriT C5t5l, ^3£ft^I i 
Harmonious development— Tfsitcst 
^^1, 3i3lf^^t"T I Harmoniously adv. sym- 
metrically I 

Harmonium ( ) n. a musi< al in- 
strument 1 

Harmonise ( a to be in har- 

mony, to agi cc f^5f Ji, ^ I - . 7 ,. /. i,> 
cause to agree I 

Harmony ( ) n. comord of sound, 

agreement in idaiiou to each othci 
fsisi. fsfsT, » 

Harness ( ) n- the equipments of a 

Itorsc 3Tt8f I - V. 1. to put on 

harness ; to ecjuip with 

armour wf«f? ?T1 H) f^1 1 To die in 
harness=^l3l 31^ l 

Harp ( ) n. a stringed instrtiment of 

music fl*|, I ~v. i. to play on 

the harp 3f|*| dwell upon a thing 

tediously «jt^, C^f*f 

*ttt^ 1 Harper, Harpist >?. one 
who plays on a harp 1 Harp 

bn one strings ?tC? 

®ft^ ; dwell upon the same subject often 
and often. 

Harpoon ( ) n. a dajt for killing 

whales C»iffT, C<5r5T, -I’ststfai 1 --v. t. to 
strike with a harpoon spl 

5td I 

Harpy ( ) ?a a fabulous monster with 

the body of a woman and the wings and 
claws of a bird ; a rapaci- 
ous person I 

Harquebus ( ) n. a kind of hand- 
gun I 

Harridan ( ) n. a worn-out old 

woman ; a quarrelsome 

woman 1 

Harrier ( ) n. a small iiunting dog 

3|^ I 

Harrow ( C5^-'8 ) /c a woeden or iion frame 
for smoothing land and breaking clods 
of earth I'H, f?5f1 1 —-v. t. to break with a 
harrow ^51 ; to harass 

» Harrowing distressing to the mind 

Harry ( ) t;. l. to plunder, to ravage 

to destroy 

Harsh ( ) adj. rovigli to ilic taste, touch, 

car, or feelings 55 ^^, ^#“1, C^cNl, ^1;^, 

; severe I Harshly 

adv. I Harshness n. 


Hart ( ) n. the stag or male deer 

5f^*n *11? I (Fe/n. Hind ). 


[ 353 ] 


Harum-scarum ( ) adj. rash 

I — n. a girdy, reckless person 

Harvest ( ) n. the season for gathering 

ripened crops "T^ ^^IT^TI ^1 \ the 

product of any labour 

?F5ST, tpsT ; crops gathered in <Ptf^- 

*1^ I — V. t. to reap and 
gather in 5*t1 I Harvest-feast = ^-C«rt^1 
( C®t®F ) I Harvest-home = the feast held 
at the bringing home of the crops ^ 

Has ( ) Zrd pers. sing. Indi. pres. t. of 


Hash ( QW ) V. t. to mince, to chop small 

I — n. a dish 

of meat and vegetables l 

Make a hash of^-to spoil 

Hashish ( C^fff ) ti. leaves or shoots of 
hemp ^tt, I 

Hasp ( c^5*f: ) «. a clash ^^1:1, ; 

skein of yarn C^f1 i 

Hassock ( ) n. d. thick cushion used at 

the lime of kneeling on in church 
Stft 3^1 I 

Hast 2nd pers. sing. pres. hid. of have. 

Haste ( ) n. quickness, a hurry 

«f^-cnT^ I Make 

haste =a>T^t9|f^ i 

Hasten ( ) v. i. to hurry on, to put to 

speed 9R-c’«r*n I 

Hastily ( C^f^far ) adv. svith haste, 


Hastiness ( ) «. hurry <f^- 

C«(*r1, I 

Hasty ( ) adj. quick, rash, eager 

Hat ( ) n. a covering for the head I 

Hatband— i Hang up one’s 
hat =^^91 ^z^ I Pass 

round the hat =to beg for contribution 

I Hatter n. one who makes 
or sells hat « 

Hat in hand —servilely c^'Q^T'6 i Bad 
hat — ( Slang ) immoral person i 

Hatch ( ) V. t. produce young by 

incubation ffiT ; 

to plot, to contrive 

^^1 I — V. i. to produce 

young 1 Count the chickens 

before they arc hatched— to depend confi- 
dently on some future event 

—n. brood hatched f^?rl 

C‘^t?rl1^^ I Hatchery n. a place for 
hatching eggs -*^<1 

Hatch ( ) n. a door with an opening over 

it I Be 

under hatches to be below deck under arrest 

Hatchet ( ) n. a small axe 

^1^811 i Bury the hatchet=^ 


Hatchway ( ) «• an opening in a 

ship’s deck *1^1 

T5J5^ltsi C^t^1 I 

Hate ( ) V. t. to dislike greatly, to despise 

fsi«rl, C^^i^ 1 Hateful adj. detest- 
able, odious f^'TW I 

Hatefuincss n. ; 

Hatred ( C5’c|®7 ) u. extreme dislike, ill will, 
enmity ^'T1, I 

Hauberk ( ) n. a tunic covered with 

rings fW 

C5t811, I 

Haughty ( ) adj. proud, arrogant 

I Haughtiness n. arrogance 

‘SI^ I 

Haul ( ) V. t. to draw with force, to 

drag cfr^l t —v. i. to tug, to 

alter a ship’s course ^31 C^, l>t®l 

Wt^tW I Haul up— come to rest 


t 354 ] 


after hauling 

( ^t'S ) 1 — n. pulling, a draught {>t»l 

C’»r'Q, C§t5l > — {fig) amount gained 
C^It^l I Made a big .haul = 

carried a large amount J 

Haul over the coals = to reprimand 

Hantn ( ) n. ^t1>, ; 'o15 


Haunch ( 7 ) n. the upper part of the 

thigh, hip tsfnsn, f 

Haunt ( ) V. t. to frequent 

^1 ; to visit as ghost ; 

to follow ♦fTCF ntCF silf^ ^^1 i. to 
appear or visit frequently '«»l1 ^1 

C?«n Of I — n. a place much frequented to 

Haunted pa. p., adj. much frequented, 
cxpecially by ghosts ^^91 ^Tl, ^t^- 

C9It?1 I 

Hauteur ( ) n. arrogance tr^tt% 


Havana ( ) n. a fine quality of cigar 

vflfsin ^ I 

Have ( ) v. t. ( pa. t. and pa. p. had ) to 

possess ^c* ; to obtain i I have- c^ll4 
I He has no property 

I He has to pay=f^ 

I He has good wages— f^r tptfl 
♦fTtc? I I have ( wtcll ) done so='S(f 
( ^TC^I ) I Have at=to attack 
I Have done with=f^»»pif% \ 
Have it out=^^tfF1 ^ 5 ^? i Have on=io wear 
f^m I Have rather = to prefer ®t9t cw«r, 
I Have up^^mwr^^ 

I Had I known j^ar, si? 

wTr5ti:«p ' 

Haves n. 1 

Haven ( ) an inlet of the sea, a harbour 

<1 C^T*f ; any place of safety 

^arsTit^T I 

Haversack ( ) n. a bag of linen for 

the use of soldier 
’*fts(rt5 c^t^n I 

Havoc ( ) n. a general waste, de- 
vastation I 

— V. i. to lay waste 

Hawk ( ^^ ) «. a bird of prey allied to the 
falcon C*T^ ; a rapacious person 

; act of forcing up matter 
from the throat I — v. i. to 

hunt birds with hawk C^5;t C^iai ; to force 
up phlegm from the throat '•t^ 

I — t'. t. to carry about for sale 

Hawker ( ) n. a pedlar JfWtt 

Hawse ( ) n. the part of vessel through 

which the cables pass 


Hawser ( ) n. a small cable, a large 

rope 41 4*^ I 

Hawthorn ( ) n. a hedge plant ^4^ 

C4141 I 

Hay ( C5’ ) n. grass dried for fodder 

I Haycock =TSJi5-r 4 1 Hay 

fever=nt^9t^1 1 Haymow= 

a mass of hay in a barn 45?5r 
C«(t4l I Look for a needle in a hay-stack 
= C444 C4^ 4’^ *tt44 4^t44l 

^rtt^ f4^t4 I Make hay while 
the sun shines C^fif 451^1 4^4 i 

Hay, hey •n'Uw^til 41^ i 

Hazard ( ) chance, accident 

4?41, 4tr4 ; risk 4^:?, f4<i?4 '5it»rri ; a 
game played with dice nl»rl?C4 C4»n ^1 l 
— 7 ;. t. to risk f4ntrai« 4S4, f4<^?® C^^^ ; to 
venture (^44^ ^*14® 4sf4 414 1 — 

V. i. to run a risk 41, f4*t4® *14 1 At 
all hazard ==c4r4c®t4t4s, f4n4® nf4 fr»iv6 1 

Hazardous (C44rt4;-^^) adj. perilous, danger- 

C 355 ] 



ous, uncertain 

Haze ( cn^w ) rz. a thin mist or fog ; 

obscurity « 

Haziness n, state of being hazy 

Hazel ( ) n. a small tree of the oak 

family tllWtf^ I — adj. of a light brown 
colour I Hazelnut = the 

nut of the hazel tree i 

Hazy ( ) adj. misty, obscure 

C^^^ltSl, ; confused 

( of the mind ) I Hazi- 
ness n. I 

H-bomb C^U^ i 

He ( ) ( Fern. She ) pron. fn C^'3, 


Head ( c^’® ) n. the foremost part of the 
body ; brain itnw ; understand- 
ing 5^1% ; a chief a*rt31 C^lt^ ; 

the top of anything 'en^, 

^t’f, ; a topic ; a heading, a title 

an individual animal or person — I jI ( C^T^l 

Three hundred head of cattle 
. ) I The expenditure will be met from 

the head=c>r^ 

f?Tl I He was promoted over the heads 
of many men=^5® 08^^ 

C^t»l1 ' I Head and ears= 
completely i Head 

and shoulders = very much ; 

violently i Head or tail= 

I Head over heels = in a somer- 

I Come to a head=to reach the 
highest point ^1 i Have 

head on one’s shoulders to have ability 
I Lose one’s heade=to lose 
presence of mind *T1, ^<(^1 vii^, 

f I Make head against = to resist 
and advance »lTf^ 

31S?, waiwa 5 I Off one’s head=crazy 

I Out of one’s own head— involun- 
tarily ' Over head 

and ears is debt = deeply involved in debt 
n-«, n^z^ *n i — v. t. to 
lead, to go in front of 

m \ 

Headache ( ) pain in the head 

Headband ( C5’®^-C^'07 ) «• a band for the 

head ^ ^1 Wl I 

Head-dress n. a covering for the head 

worn by women fhVI 


Head-gear ( ) n. ornamental 

covering for the head f^lTl ^1W, 


Head hunting n. the practice of collecting 
human heads for trophies ^ 

C^tC^Tl I 

Heading ( C^’1%t ) n. that which stands at 
the head ^trl, ^tr^FCn c»i«n 

\ 9 \ ^«ri I 

Headland n. a cape i 

Headless adj. without a head ^ 

Headlight n. powerful light carried in 
front of motor-car or other locomotives 

Ftf^ I 

Headlong adj. rash, precipitous 

I — adv. with the head first 
^ ^ ; rashly 


Headman n. a leader 
‘nt'5^91, I 

Head money n. a tax per head 

; a reward for an outlaw’s head 


Headmost adj. forward '5J5i5rtT^l, f^Z^ 


[ 356 ] 


Head-note n. a condensed statement of 
points of law >it^ ^«rl i 

Headpiece ( ) w. a helmet 

, a hat ; understanding ; a 

decorative engraving placed at the top 
of a book Rui Tl 

f^31 I 

Headquarters ( ) n. ( pi. ) the 

residence of a commander-in-chief, or 
administrator ^ 

>1^ I 

Head rest «. an app. ratus to steady the 
head ^«rl i 

Headship n. the office or title of a Iieadman 
«*ri^ I 

Headsman ( ) n. an executioner 

Ff'e^fx I 

Headstone ( ) n. the principal 

stone of a building SfiTfST 


Headstrong ( ) ^41- obstinate 

Headway ( ) n. motion ahead 

w\9^m I 

Headwind { ) n. wind blowing 

against a shi]5s head I 

Head-work ( intellectual 

labour I 

Heady ( affecting the head, 

inflamed rash 


Heal ( ) V. t. to cure, to restore, to 


I — V. i. to grow sound 
ts^l \ Healing n. the act of curing 
; tending to cure 
0^?[1 \ 

Health ( ) n. soundness of body 

'5I^'91 ; general state of the body 
; a toast as to drink 
one’s health C^tTI 


Healthful ( ) adj. wholesome 

; full of health 

Healthy ( ^ ) adj. conducive to health 

; sound in body or mind 
r^T^-Sf, I 

Healthiness n. 

^tyi I 

Heap ( ) n. a pile, a mass, a great 
number of things *r’9f, ^’*1 1 — v. t. 

Hear ( ) v. t. to perceive by the ear, 

to listen to 3g3«l ^1*1 CW ; to attend 

to CW ; to try judicially 

I ( C'*!^ To hear a case ) [ pa. t. and 
pa. p. heard ( ) ] i 

Hearing ( ) «. the act of perceiving 

sound by the car 

; judicial investigation, a trial ; 

; reach of the car 

*ftf^, I Within hearing = 

^tC*l I 

Hearken ( ) v. t. to listen CW, 

^ I 

Hearsay ( ) fi- rumour, common 

talk 5ts^1 ^«f1, ^^1 ^ 

I Hearsay evidence 

Hearse ( ^1^ ) n. a carriage for conveying 
the dead to the grave 
^rltft I 

Heart ( ^li? ) n. the organ of blood circula-* 
tion in animal bodies Wtf^, 

; the seat of the affection 
5!^?, ; courage, spirit ; 

the vital or inner part of anything >rt^, 
•It?, ?l«f1 I Heart-and-soul=with com- 
plete devotion C^ZfZ^Z^y l 

Heart of oak = a brave heart 
^fw1 I At heart = ( ^tf?:^ C^t C?t^ ) 
«rfC^ I After one’s own heart = to 
one’s liking I 


[ 357 ] 


Break the heart = to cause deep grief 

i By heart = in the 
memory I Get by heart ='8rt'e-n. 

Have at heart =to 
wish for 'Slt-n »lt<T I Lay 

or take to heart = to be deeply moved by 
something ntsf, cWt^t *n I Out of 

heart =ai'Qr^ro, I Set the heart 

upon the sleeve C?!fn i 
With all my heart biVS, i 

Have one’s heart in one’s boots or mouth 
«n, I Take heart 

vitf I 

Heartache \( ) n. sorrow c*rt^, i 

Heart-beat ( ) n. a throb of emotion 

Heart-blood n. life aTliJ^ i 

Heart-break n. grief C*rt^, C^Wt^ I 

Heart-breaking adj. crushing with grief 


•nri I 

Heart-broken adj. afflicted with grief 

Heart-burn ( ) n. a burning feeling 

at the heart I 

Heart-disease ( ) n. any mor- 

bid condition of the heart 

Heart-easing ( ) adj. giving peace 

to the mind £rt«l ^ I 

Heartfelt ( ) adj. sincere, felt deep- 
ly ^91 i 

Hearth ( ^1^ ) n. fireside 'Bim ; 

the home circle I 

Hearth rug=-^^ 


Heartily adj. cordially, eagerly 
>RW1 ^nt1% I 

Heartless ( ) adj. without feeling or 

courage I Heartless- 
ly adv. I Heartlessness fsT^^TSl i 

Heart-rending adj. deeply afflictive 
^t(? l 

Heart sick adj. sick at heart C*rr^tf%^, 

?R1 I 

Heart string n. a nerve connected with the 
heart ; (pi.) affections 


Heart-wood n. the hard inner-part of tree 
-jf?^ y\U I 

Hearty ( ) adj. full of heart, cordial, 

warm ; 

strong, healthy I 

Heat ( ) n. that which causes warmth 

; sensation of warmth Ufl?, I 
Heat of the day=f^R^ ^>1 i When a cat 
is in heat=c^ir«?1 

; sexual excitement ; passion 

I — V. t. to make hot 

t5n^ <J5^. CW I -—V. i. I 

Latent heat=^t^< srm «f^t 

tiH I Specific heat ='Birnvtf^ ^tn 


Heat-apoplexy ( ) n. sunstroke 

3ttf^ \ 

Heating adj. causing heat tst^TBR^ i 

Heath ( ) n. an under shrub W 

^^(Tl ; a barren open place 

I Heathy adj. full 
of shrubs «RP1 i 

Heathen ( ) n. a non-christian, a pagan 

c?'e<jw^, I 

Heathenism ( |*tt57-f^®r5[ ) n. paganism, bar- 
barism I 

Heathenish adj. rude, uncivilised 51?1, 

Heather ( ) n. 7 \^ Sfif i 

Set the heather on fire = cause disturbance 
I Take to the heather 
^ I 

Heave { ) v. i. to lift up C^t»T, 

’ftt ; ?tt ; to cause to swell '6iP'*r1 f^1 1 


[ 358 ] 


— V. i. to rise, to be raised Ftl ’•fl, 

; to try to vomit 'e^f^ «ltf I — n, 
an upward motion ^Wt?, 

I Heave in sight 5 » 
Heave to=to bring a vessel to stand still 
STT'e I (p.t. and pa. p. heaved, 

hove ) . 

Heaven ( ) n. expanse of the sky 

; the dwelling place of the blessed 
; Gk)d ; supreme happiness I 

Heaven-minded adj. holy, devout 

Heavenly adj. of heaven ; celestial 

; very excellent, pure ♦R’ST 

Heavenward adj. toward heaven 

Heaviness ( ) n. weight, depression 

; affliction f?Tbf, I 

Heavy ( ) adj. weighty 
; oppressive severe 

; afflicted CSF*f^^ ; dull and inactive, 
C«T«n, ; dark with cloud 'eifU^ItSTl, 

I heavy price =c^f^ Tf^i i Heavy 
with care=1%^1^vt i Heavy hearted 
adj. melancholy I Heavy- 

headed =dull, stupid I 

Heavy-handed = clumsy C^«(1, Cvici>Tl, 
; oppressive I Heavy 

rain='=^ i Heavily 

adv. I Heavy food = hard to 

digest c*1^ I Time hangs 

heavy =timc passes slowly >lir^ 


Hebdomadal ( ) adj. weekly 

Hebe ( i 

Hebetude ( ) n. stupidity i 

Hebrew ( f^3F ) n. an Israelite, a Jew tffff ; 
the language of the Hebrews «tTI I 
Hebric, — al adj. 

Hecatomb ( ) a. a public sacrifice 

of hundred oxen Clt^rt^T 
large sacrifice ^ i 

Heck ( Cf ) n. a frame obstructing 
passage of fish in river iltl 
f^1 I 

Heckle ( ) v. t. to comb ; 

to questions severely €Rff ^fif » 

—n. ffefarsi nt^ i 

Hectic ( ) adj. affected with fever 

due to consumption 

<R1 I — n. a fever with consumption 
^ I 

Hector ( ) n. a bully, one who 

annoys ^finTtC^Tt? CWt^, I 

— V. t. to treat insolently «r*fr^ C^f, 

^ I — D. i. TWtfir ^ I 

Hedge ( ) n. a thicket of bushes 

cwtcnt^l ‘ni C^1 ; a fence round 

a garden ITtn^ ORI, FT^ I 

— V. t. to enclose with a hedge CW, 

cn ; to protect ^W\ ^ I Hedge bom= 
of low birth wm i Hedge-hog « 

C^sr^ I Hedge schoolman open air 
school nft*rtf^ I Hedger = 

one who dresses hedges C^^Tl '5t*r 

Hedonism ( doctrine of 

^Tl ^1^ I Hedonist n. 
f^t^, CSf\% iPt^^ 

^ 5nt C^1*l1 Cait^ I 

Heed ( ) n. care, attention 

I —V. t. to mind ^ Of ; 
to pay attention Vt«| ; to observe 

Heedful ( ) adj. attentive, cautious 

I Hecdfulness n. 


Heedl^ ( ?Iw^-C»IF: ) careless, inatten- 
tive f^, I 

Huedlesniess i 


[ 359 ] 


Heehaw ( ft-? ) n. a bray 
f5r^t*r, I 

Heel ( ) n. the projecting part of the 

foot, the hinder part of anything CiftT^t^l, 
C»r5^<T I Heel over head= 
'erstih <rr^, 'Kit, i At, on, 

upon, a person’s heeI=close behind 
nt:^, C<rrwr^ i Down at heel = in 

poor circumstances vrf^JET i Kick 

one’s heels==ef^^1 i Lay, set the heels = 
to fetter eiHl i Out at heels = 

CWt^t^ C^^t?n 1 Take to one’s heels 
=to flee »il% n»Tl, kU I Turn ( upon) 
one’s heels =C«ltWC^ ^ i Heel v. i. or v. t. 
{Football or Golf) to pass the ball out 
at back with the heels ’STt^ 

Heft ( ) n. heaving i — v. t 

to try the weight of i Hefty adj. 

sturdy i 

Hegemony ( ) n, control, leadership 

i Hegemonic adj. ruling, 
exercising control over some other states 

vr? cnt^i I 

Heifer ( ) n. a young cow *51^, 

ent^tf^ I 

Heigh-ho ( ) inttrj. ^:, 
c^tn I 

Height ( ) n. distance upwards, ele- 
vation '€«r ; a hill Tf\w n^, fUwsil ; 

utmost degree c**R ; elevation in rank 
WTwf^, I 

Heighten ) v. t. make higher, to 


^ I 

Heinous ( ) adj. wicked in a high 
degree^ ; atrocious 

I — n. Heinousness. 

Heir ( ) n. one who inherits the pro- 
perty of a deceased person ; 

offspring 'e^Tf^F, i Heiress (Fm.) 

I Heir o. t. to inherit 
m I 

Heir-apparent ( ) n. one 
having right to succeed I 

Heir-loom n. movable property which des- 
cends to the heir 
C*f1Tl ^'r»l I 

Heir-presumptive ( ) n. one 

who will be heir in the absence of nearer 
relative mm 

Held pa. t. and pa. p. of Hold. 

Helicopter ( ) n. a sort of flying 

machine i 

Heliochromy ( f?r ) n. the art of produ- 

cing photograplis in the natural colours 

Heliograph ( ) n. an apparatus for 

signalling by means of the sun’s rays 

Ks, cn^rt^ >1^11^5 

^5 I ( Gr. helios=iht sun ). 

Holiometer ( ) n. an instrument 

for measuring the diameters of the hea- 
venly bodies ^1 ^5 l 

Helioscope ( ) n. a telescope for 

viewing the sun ^^*1 i 

Heliotrope ( ) n. a kind of plant 

with fragrant flowers ; a 

contrivance for diverting the rays of the 
sun to suit one’s convenience 

it 5^ C^9\m n^1 I 

Heliotropism ( f^fai?5rnw:?l ) n. the property 
of bending or turning in a particular 

manner under the influence of light 
«tw k\ 

CKV^^ « 

Helium ( ) n. non-inflamable gas for 

air ships etc. i 

Helix ( ) n. a spiral as of wire 

in a coil ; a genus of 

molluscs c^T*n 


[ 360 ] 


; the external part of the ear 
^•1^ I (/>/.) Helices ( ) i 

Helical adj, spiral CW<(t9l, » 

Helicograph ( instrument 

for drawing spiral lines &*11 

?l3r I 

Hell ( ) n. the place of the wicked after 

death, any place of vice and misery *1^, 
Tf^l Hellish adj. 
like hell, very wicked 

Hellenic ( ) ^Jj. pertaining to the 

Hellenes or Greeks I 

Helm ( ) n. the instrument by which 

ship or boat is steered ; the sta- 

tion of management 

I Helms-man n. the person who 
steers tlflUtaT t 

Helmet ( ), Helm n. armour for the 

head f^fi1 'Brt«R i 

Helminthic ( ) adj. pertaining to 

worms, expelling worms 

Helot ( ) n. a Spartan slave 

CiTt»lt5T, ^f?[1 I 

Help ( ) r. L to assist, to aid 

; to give means for doing any- 
thing C? ; to keep from 

I — n. aid, support ; relief 

>1^111 I Help forward 

« Help on *= C^t^T, C*r i 

Help out— to aid in finishing a task 

C*l^ Help 

•1^1 C^t^l I God help him=^ 1 fC^ 

3pC3tt^ I It can’t be helped viic^Pl 
; it cannot be remedied 

vt»r I 

Helpful ( affording aid, use- 
ful I 

Helpless adj. without help or power in one’s 
self i Help- 
lessness n. ^5t5T, 'SRT^I I 

Helpmate ( ) n. a partner ; 

a wife I 

Helter-skelter ( ) adv. in hurried 

confusion l — n. disorderly 

motion I 

Helve ( ) n. the handle of an axe or 

hatchet 5^T»T l —v. t. to furnish 

with a handle ^Tt9|’5(^ I 
Hem ( C5'5{ ) n. the border of a garment 
doubled down and sewn l 

— V. t. to edge, to form a border 
C*f, ^Tttsfei I Hem-stitch C«rtn1- 
C^tf^ I Hem in — to surround 

*1^ I Hem V. i. to draw attention by a sort 
of half-cough I 

Hemicrania ( ) n. licad-achc on 
one side of the head i 

Hemiplegia ( ) n. paralysis of 

one side of the body C^T^T i 

Hemisphere ( ) n. half of the globe 

Hemispheric,— al adj. i 

Hemlock ( ) n. a genus of poisonous 
plant 1 

Hemp ( ) n. a plant with a fibrous 
bark »T«), I Hcmp-drug=^t^ 

Hen ( ) n. the female of any bii d 

; the female of the domestic fowl 

Hen-coop n. 1 

Hen-hearted adj. cowardly i 

Hen-pecked ( c^’^T ) adj. subject to 

one’s wife 3j»r, I 

Hence ( C^'*[57 ) adv. from this place, time, 
cause or origin 

; in the future I — interj. 

away ! ! ^5" t 

Henceforth, Henceforward adv. from this 
time forward i 

Henchman ( C?Jrc»7-C^5f ) n. an abundant, a 
page 9inT\y I 


[ 361 ] 


Hepatic ( ) adj. belonging to the liver 

Hepatitis ( ) n. inflamation of 

liver ^«[^1 C^srr=^ i 

Heptagon ( ) n. a plane figure with 

seven sides C^3J i ( Gr. Hepta — 

seven ; gorda—^Mi angle ). 

Heptagonal adj. having seven sides 

Heptarchy ( ) «. a government 

by seven persons ^t'3'5^^11 

^1^1 I 

Her ( ) pron. objective and possessive 

cases of She l 

( ^XI ) I 

Herald n. a proclaimer in ancient 

limes, a forerunner 

>2fBrr^^, ; an officer 

that regulates coats of arms 

Heraldic ( ) adj. pertaining to 
heraldry ^1*^^ 

Heraldry ( ) ti. the art or office of 

a herald '511^ C^5- 


Herb ( 51^ ) n. a plant the stem of which 

dic's annually ST^I, i Pot- 

herb »rr^« I 

Herbaceous ( ) adj. like or pertain- 
ing to herbs ?it 

RRhi I 

Herbage ( ) n. pasture c^Fl ; 

herbs generally I Herbaged adj. 

covered with grass I 

Herbal ( ) n. a book containing 

description of plants • 

— adj. pertaining to herbs '^f?, 

^<3FTtR I 

Herbalist ( ) n. one versed in plants 

Herbarium ( }, Herbary ( ) 

? 2 . a gai'den of herbs i 

Herbivorous ( i adj. living on herbs 

and plants ^^1, C«rm ; 


Herculean ( ) adj extremely 

difficult ^Sf^, 9S^T*n, ; of extraordi- 
nary strength and si/c l 

Herd ( ) n a number of beasts tended 

together, a collection ♦ft*!, ; the 

rabble sit^57^:^F i — v. i. to associate 

Wt^ 1 — V. t. to tend cattle 


Herdsman '' ) n. a man who tends 

cattle I 

Here ( ) adv. in this place or state 

tw\lS, ytt yHt I Here 

and there =thinly 

Cf^l C5tC^t^lt^ I Hereabout adv. about 
this place tTII^ 

I Hereafter adv. after this tTtst 
C*TC5, I — n. a future state 

I Hereby ( ) adv. by 

this 1 Herein adv. in 

this I Here 

inafter ad?', afterwaid in this 

^1515 I Hereof ( ) adv. 

of this, from this | 

Hereon ( ) adv. upon this vnt^ 

yUtZ^Z^ I Hereto adv. 
till this time ; for this object 

I Herewith adv. with this 

5TM3 I 

Hereditament ( ) n. property 

inherited 0^1191 I 

Hereditary ( ) adj. descending by 

inheritance I 

Heredity ( ) n. transmission of 

qualities from the ancestors to their off- 
springs ^•i, ^*1 I 


[ 362 ] 


Heresy ( ) n. an opinion adopted in 

defiance of authorised teaching, hetero- 
dox nHfsi I 

Heretic ( ) n. one who is opposed 

to the established faith ♦11^'Q, 

— adj. Heretical. 

Heretofore ( ) adv. formerly 

Hereunto ( ) adv. to this 

Heriot ( ) n. a kind of fine due to 

land-lord on the death of the Rayat 



Heritable ( ) adj. that may be 

inherited C'5t^W’»f5T 

Heritage ( ) ji. inheritance, that 

which is inherited 


Heritor ( ) n. 


Hermaphrodite ; ) n. an 

animal or plant having the character- 
istics of both the sexes 

Hermeneutic,— al ( ) adj. explana- 
tory '5(9f?Tat^ I 

Hermetic ( ) adj. belonging to 

alchemy, magical t^- 

; perfectly close i 

Hermetically adv. I 

Hermit ( one who lives in 

solitude for purpose of devotion 

Hermitage ( ) n. the dwelling of 

a hermit ^1a?5y, ; a kind of 

wine viif^tt I 

Hernia ( ) «. a rupture syt#! C^t5«rt^ 

TTat vec^mn I 

Hero ( ) n. a man of distinguished 

bravery ; the principal ; 

personage in a work of fiction 

«lTt 5rril^ I ( />/. Heroes) /<fm. 
Heroine ( i 
Heroic ( ) adj. courageous, illus- 
trious I 

Heroic age=ft^ i 

Heroically ( ) adv. in a heroic 
manner i 

Heroism ( ) n. distinguished bra- 
very I 

Heron ( c^«i ) n. a large w^aterfowl witli 
long legs and neck ?^r, i 

Hero-worship ( ) n. excessive 

admiration of great men <J<W1 l 
Herpes ( ) n. a disease of the skin 

having clusters of vesicles on the in- 
flamed part c^i§it c^in 


Herpetic ( ) adj. resembling herps 

^^911 *rc? ; 

creeping C^t?l1 I 

Herring ( ) small sea fish 

?lt5 I 

Herself ( i^t^-c^pytp; ) pron. the emphatic 

form of She in the nominative or objec- 
tive case f^rw ; in 

her real character i She is 

not in herself- ‘stt'5 i 

HesitaU ( ) v. i. to be in doubt 

to stop in making a decision 

c«fc^trirc^l i 

Hesitation ( ) n. Avavering doubt, 

; stammering I 

Hesper ( ), Hesperus ( ) 

n. the Greek name for the evening star. 
—Venus '53F, c<r9T^1 \6C«Tt^i i 

Hesperian ( ) adj. of the West 

c^fr I 

Hessian ( c^fWI^T ) adj. C5f% 

5t1 I 

Heterodox ( ) adj. holding ^ 


[ 363 ] 


different opinion, heretical 

I Heterodoxy ( ) 

n. heresy i 

( Cr. heteros— other ; doxa~an opinion). 
Heterogeneous ( ) adj. 

dissimilar, composed of different kinds 
of parts f%i?, 

Heterogenesis ( ) n. spontane- 
ous generation ; alternate 

generation W?H, ^^15 

mfarf[5T I 

Heteronym f ) n. a word of 

similar spelling but of different sound 
and meaning, as Lead — to guide, 
Lead=the metal oir?? ^t^TfsT 

Hew ( ) V. t. to cut with a sharp instru- 
ment ; to shape ^tfl? i 

— V. i. to deal blows with a cutting instru- 
ment I {pa. p. hewed or hewn ). 

Hewer ( ) n. one who hews i 

Hexagon ( ) w. a figure with six 
sides and six angles i ( Gr. 

Afix=six ; gonia~^.n angle), — adj. He- 

Hexameter ( ) n. a verse of six 
measures or feet ^1 Cllt^ I 

Hey ( ) interj. an exclamation expre- 
ssive of joy *r^, ! 

Heyday ( C^’-C'®’ ) n. exaltation of the spirits, 
period of fullest vigour 
^^^1 I C^l5Tm I 

Hey, hay i 

Hiatus ( lftni^57 ) n. a gap, a chasm 
; a defect 1%;^, (Pft^ l 

Hibernal ( ) adj. belonging to 

winter ; wintry i 

Hibernate ( ) v. i. to pass the 

winter in a torpid state cSs^^Wl 

; to live in seclusion 
esftm TTf? I 

Hibernation ( ) n. the state 

of torpor in which certain animals pass 
the winter ck^^l xrtn^T I 

Hibernian ( ) n. relating to 

Hibernia or Ireland I 

Hibiscus n. I 

Hiccup ( ) , Hiccough ( ) n. a 

sudden and involuntary contraction of 

the diaphragm I — v. i. to be 

affected with hiccup i 

Hid, Hidden see Hide. 

Hide ( ) V. t. to conceal 

I — v. i. to lie concealed . 

(pa. t. Hid, pa. p. Hidden, Hid). — the 
skin of an animal C^FI lt»l i Hide 

merchant =Fttl5^t?[t9n t Hiding-place 

I Hidden adj. concealed C^tTl, 

' Hide and seek i 

Hide-away =a fugitive I 

Hide-bound = having the skin tightly 
adhered ; 

obstinate, bigoted I 

Hiddenly ( ) adv. secretly 
c’ltncJi I 

Hideous ( ) adj. frightful, ghastly 
®13Tni, I —n. Hideous- 


Hie ( ) V. i. to hasten 

trl I — V. t. to pass quickly over, to urge 
on trf, OTtt I 

Hierarch ( ) n. a ruler in sacred 

matters i 

Hierarchical ( ) or Hierarchal 
adj. pertaining to church government 

Hierarchy ( ) n. a government 
by priests ; the body of 

the clergy i 

Hieratic ( ) adj. sacred, relating 
to priests ^tft® I 

Hieroglyphic ( ) n. the sacred 

characters of the ancient Egyptian 


I 364 3 


f^<f1 T(t%aj 

^®t5r|5l1 ; any symbolical figure C^tC^I 

I — adj. Hieroglyphic, — al. 

Hierography ( ) n. a description 

of sacred things I ( Or. Iluros^ 

sacred ). 

Hierophant ( ) )i. a revcalcr of 

sacred things nf?® 13^'« ; 

a priest i 

Higgle ( ) V. u lo disputt' in bargnining, 

to chaffer <t.<t i 

Higgledy-piggledy ( ) adv. 

and adj. topsy-lurvy C«rf^- 

C5ri%, 1 

High ( ) adj. lohy, elevated, tall 'Otf, 

; eminent in rank or position 

; chu*f ; arrogant, 

proud ; junverfuJ 

; loud ; eriiiiieni \&15R ; violent 
>21513, Ca( client ; far advanced 

; dear ; dinic ult ; ex-'cssive 

C^f5 I - -adj. aloft , emi- 
nently ; -powei fully 

I Hig5*'^dniiiral (be chief admiral 
23ittit I Iligh-alfer -^i^T^ 

21*ltJT I High-blooded of noble 

line.ige I 

High-born ^ ^55 i Higii bred noble 

breed vs;g >ivf I 

High-church i 

High-court ^ at supreme (onrt 

I High-fed -pam- 
pered I High-Hown -(xtravagant 

I High-flying- i 

High-handed -violent, arbitrary 
f f ligb-handtdness 
i Highlands \A\e n\onu\aluous 
portion of Sroii. rul I 

Highlainhr, High -land iiau ^.bT'S'i 6h?I 

I Higli-inc'tcd ( i>iic.igrous j 

High-minded juigaanimous sjj? 

I High-niindtdness™ 

'8<f I High-pitched —haughty 
«l!St5[ I High-pressure "high tempera- 
tUTc of a steam engine ^^1*1 i High- 
priced costly I Higli-priest = 

a chief priest SinU I 

High-road ^a pul)Iic road 54l4“l 

I High-seasoned -- lie h 'with 
spices 5J&511 fifxil I High-sounding - 

pompous \S3t ( rTiz^ ^eri ) I High- 

spirited ---Itold, daring 4^ 

t High-strung see Strung. High 
toned -dignified 5^1, I High-treason 

; oflenccs against state ^tW 
I High-water "highc.-.i elevation of 
the tide C»t?[1<l I High-way -a public road 
I High way-nian=^a robber i 

High and dry-disabled as a ship 
3t?df^511, I High and low 

-people of every I ondil ion 'A'< 

5It^5 I A high hand -power, auda- 
eity ’^jsi'nsI, i Be high time -quite 

time for someihing lo be done 

2t#lU I Boon 

one's high horse -to assume an atiiiude 
of superiority 

.2^1*1 I III high feather -in liigh 

spirits I With a high 

hand:- arrogantly l 

Higher ( ) r. /. to lift, to raise 'e'*f 

Highly ( ) adv. greatly, extremely 

Highness ( ) Ji. the slate of being high 

^55^1, vS-?/ ; a title of honour 

given lo a pnn. c r^ll^ 

Ills jligliiK'ss the Maharaja 
•«^A'stf5'st i 

fl’ike ( ) c. i. Nvalk \i'jv>.'ously and sw'ddy 

C^ltlf<rd? l ~ ?i. a 

hi ivy \v.,'k. 

Hilarious . rscsC'c.Js: ) r ^/. f..,y 


t 365 ] 


Hiiarity ( ) n. gaiety 

; mirth i 

Hill ( ) n. an elevation of land 


Hill-folk, Hill-men n. people living in the 
hills I 

Hillock ( ) n. a small hill i59Rl I 

Hilly ( ) adj. full of hills 


Hilt ( ) n. the handle of a sword 3?ta^, 

I Hilted adj. having a hilt ^1^ 

I Up to the hilt=completely 

Hillo, Hallo 


Hilum ( ) n. the point of attachment 

of the seed to the seed-vessel 

Hila pi 

Him ( ) pron. the objective case of He 
I Himself pron. 

I He cut himself=:C^^ 

I He came himself— 

Hind ( ) n. the female of the stag 

; a I'ariii-scrvant 

5^1 I 

Hind ( l5t^'Q ) adj. backward, placed in the 
rear ‘'itS, f^ig, i Hinder ( ) 

adj. *rr5^, c*T^ I 

Hinder ( ) v. t. to stop, to impede 
progress ^t<i1 C*f, 

I — V. i. to be an obstacle •*[»[- 

5r^ 9 I 

Hinderance ( ), Hindrance ( ) 

n. obstacle, that which liindcrs 
^U^, •5T315J5 I 

Hinge ( f^srw" ) r?. a joint on vyhich a door 

turns or hangs I — -r. t. 

to furnish with hinges ; to bend 

^i| I - V. i. to depend on 

C^WI 9T I 

Hinny ( ) n. a variety of mule 

Hint ( f^*^" ) an indirect allusion 

; insinuation fSn, ; slight 

notice ^«r, I —v. i. to 

allude 15^^ c? I Hint at=to allude 

to 1 I 

Hinterland n. the district lying behind 
coast or river’s bank 

Hip ( fkx ) n. the haunch, fleshy part of 
the thigh I Catch on the hip 

==5»T^ C*T»11 I 

Hip-hip hurrah ( ) n. a cheer 


Hippodrome ( f35<^-5’'5r ) n. an equestrian 
circus I ( Fr. Hippos ===3. 

horse. ) 

Hippophagy ( ) n. the act of 
feeding on horse-flesh c^t^l C^1?r( l 

Hippopotamus ( ) n. an African 

quadruped of aquatic habits 

Hire ( ) n. w'^ages for service 

C^C^^I, I — V. i. to engage for wages 

^5?, C^r^?n c«r ; to bribe CW I On 
hire^C^JPU^^tt^l i 

Hireling ( ) n. a mercenary 

; a prostitute I 

His ( f^w ) pron. possessive form of He ts1?, 

Hispa ( ) «. a kind of insect <Jisrtf^ 

cnl^ I 

Hiss ( f55" ) e. i. to make a sibilant sound 
fF* C#tF-C^5 ; to express 

contempt I —v. t. to 

condemn by hissing W 

f^l ' —«• I 

Hist ( ) inter, hush \ silence 

^z^ 9lt^ I 

Historian ( ) n. a writer of history 


[ 366 1 


Historic ( ), — al adj. pertaining to 
history ; authentic 


History ( ) «. a systematic narrative 

of events I Modem history 

I Natural history 


Histrionic ( al adj. pertain- 
ing to the theatre ; feigned 

I Histrion n. ^U^ts) i 

Hit ( ) V. t. to strike 

; to suit «1t^ I —V. i. 
to chance luckily ^1 ^ l 

— n. a lucky chance »ftf^, 

; a stroke, stroke of sarcasm 

; a stroke 

I Hit below the beIt=i?»I-^3Ft^ 

iit»r ^ I 

Hit it off (with)— to agree with some 
one ^ i Hit off = to 

describe \ Hit out = to 

strike out with the fist 

^ c? I 

Hit up=( Cricket ) make runs ; score, 

C»r I Hit upon = to 
discover I A 

hard hit=one gravely affected by some 
trouble or love 
C5lfe cnt«i C»lt^ I 

Hitch ( ) V. i. to move by jerks CWt^t^ 

<rl ; to be caught by a hook ’•fl, 

•f’Tl \—v. t. to catch, to fasten 
spn, Trtf, l •— n. a jerk 

CWt^t^, ; a catch ^1^, ^ttS, C’«rf:^t5l I 

an obstacle ; a sudden halt l 

Hither ( ) adv. to this place 

I — adj. nearer ) Hither 
and thither = to and fro fwt»lt=ts, 

4i5Tt^ I 

Hithermost ( f^irNr-Tr'^7 ) adj. nearest on *liis 
side ti 'g w • 

Hitherto ( ) adv. up to this time or 
place '5rt55qst»T> I 

Hive ( ) n. a place where bees store 

up honey ; a swarm of 

bees Wt^, ; a busy company 

I —V. t. to lay up in 
store C^Tti>tl «l, I —-v. i. to reside 

together «^n«rrt 'iir^ 


Ho ( 5’ ) inter. C5’^1 1 

Hoar ( ^’3| ) adj. white with age or frost 
n^1 I Hoariness n. ^^*1, tSW) \ 
Hoar frost 
venst^ i 

Hoard ( ) n. a store, a treasure 

*(^T, I — V. t. to amass, to store 

Tfsrtt ‘V, ^T5, <5F?I1 I — V. i. to store up 

«n, w»ii ^ I 

Hoarse ( ) adj. having a harsh voice 

C’r^C^rsflTt, ; harsh CRtnl, i 

Cry hoarse over a niatter=c^t:^1 

fFipf^ fSiP^ 5It^ I 

Hoary ( ) adj. white or grey with age 

n^l^5?!^l, Ts^i 1 
Hoax ( ) n. a deceptive trick 

1 — V. t. to deceive C^, 


Hob f ) n. the projecting nave of a 
wheel ; a projection 

on the side of a fire-place Jrf^? 'GnC^T 

; a rustic 5^ W*l^ 


Hobnail ( ) n. a nail with a thick, 

strong head C^tcnt^l l 

—V. t. C^C^T^I I 

Hobble ( ) V. i. to walk lamely 

V. i. to fasten the legs loosely 'olJlrl 
C*T, T^U I —V. t. a limping 

gait CK\W ; a scrape, a difficulty 

C®fil ; anything used to tie the legs 
of animals Iftf? I 


{ 367 J 


Hobbledehoy ( ) n. a stripling 

between man and boy ^’^1 I 

Hobbier ( ) n. one who hobbles 
; a casual labourer 

; a man who tows a boat with a 
rope 1l«l i>?n ; a horseman em- 

ployed for certain light work *1^ 

Hobby ( ) n. a strong horse ; 

a favourite pursuit 

^'t'51, I To ride or mount a hobby — 

I Hobby-horse 

= a stick on which a boy rides 

c^t^i c^ui t 

Hobgoblin ( ) n. a frightful appari- 

tion ; bugbear. 

Hobnail see Hob. 

Hobnob ( have or not have, 
a familiar invitation to drink 

t — V. i. 

to drink together 'SIW '^1 I 

Hock ( ) n. a kind of wine c^T^I 

; joint of quadru])ed’s hind leg 

Hockey ( ) «. a game at ball played with 

a curved stick C51^ 


Hocus-pocus ( ) «- a juggler’s 

trick I 

Hod ( ) n. a bricklayer’s tray for mortar 

Hodgepodge ( ) ». a mass of ingredi- 
ents mixed together i 

Hodman ( ) W. a labourer who assists 

a mason ^fsi, i 

Hoe (^’) fz. an instrument for digging 

earth i — v. t. to cut or clean with a 
hoe C^t^, ^1 I —V. i. to 

use a hoc ^^1^ i 

Hog ( ) n. a general name for swine 

I — V. t. to cut short the hair of 
W\‘^ I Go the whole i 

Hogget ( ) n. c^[t^1, 

Hoggish ( ) adj. like a hog, filthy 


Hogplum ( ) n. a kind of fruit \ 

Hogslard ( ) n. the melted fat of 

the hog ^<11 i 

Hogshead ( ) n. a measure of capa- 

city *8 C^9TiT nf^art*! i 
Hoist ( ) V. t. to lift, to raise, to heave 

I — n. act of lifting 
C^t9\1 ; the height of a sail 

; an instrument for lifting 
heavy bodies *51^^ I 

Hoist with one’s own petard —caught in 
one’s OW71 trap f^r'^ 


Hoity-toity ( ) adj. giddy, gay, 
noisy i — intir. an exclama- 
tion of surprise ^lt?r, f<t?, i 

Hokey-pokey ( ) n. RFl 


Hold ( ) e. 1. to keep possession of 

C'St^ ; to grasp, to restrain 

; to contain *tR«J ; to 
defend ; to bind, to confine '$rt^ 

; to stop 3^^ ; 10 maintain 

; to celebrate ; to 


; to determine 

I — V. i. to remain fixed attf% ®rr<P, ^ 
«fT^ to adlucre ^1, IR I To 

hold fast=^lf^ I To hold in possession 
I It holds 10 seers^t^l^ C’T^ 
<(R I The court held that ^ 

R I The ceremony was held— 

*tt 5 l i To hold one responsible 

I Hold your ton- 
gue I Hold forth =-to 

show ^5T ; to declaim 


[ 368 ] 


I Hold back 

=restrain 'STt^ &tf^ l Hold 

hard !=stop ! I Hold in=to check 

I Hold olf=to keep at a distance 
«J I Hold on = to persist aitf% «lt^. 

Hold one in hand=C5^iTr5?1 

I Hold one’s own = to 

maintain one’s position ^^^1 ?VI 

^t<r I 

Hold one’s tongue = to keep silence 
«rt 5 r, VZ^ «tt*r i Hold out = to offer 

; to last, to endure 15 ^ ^ 1 , «rr^ I 

Hold over — to postpone ♦Ttsta^ 

I Hold together— i 
Hold up = io raise trtf* ; to continue, 
to go on «rt^ to detain by force 

^ I Hold water = to endure 
trial ^ 1 -^t^, 5 , I Hold with = 

I {pa. p. holding; pa. t. 

and pa. p. held ). 

Hold ( ^’*5 ) n. act or manner or holding 
; a grasp «ftC^t5 ; seizure ; 

support CFt^PI ; power of seizing 

?n ; custody fw*Jrl ; a 

fortified place 9^ ; a place of confine- 
ment ; the interior 

cavity of a ship 

C«fr®T I 

Hold-all ri. a Ijig carpet bag for holding 
anything C^s(1 1 

Holder ( ) n. temporary occupant of 

office ; anything that holds 

as cigar, pen etc. ^-sisr, *R1 

^t 55 T I Land-holder 1 

Hold-back n. a check I 

Hold-beam w. / 

Hold-fast n. an iron hook c»l 1 ^ 1 

Holding n. anything held, a firm held of a 
superior, a tenure *(^«|, 

; influence ’atsitsi 1 

Hole ( ^’5^ ) w. a cavit-y ; a hollow place 

^t^T, I A hole in one’s coat=a stain 

on one’s reputation 1 Put a person 

in a hole->T^:w 

cn9l1 I 

Holiday ( ) «• festival day ; a 

consecrated day ^«TJ ; a day of rest 

f^=T, I Holiday speeches 

Holiness ( ) n. state of being holy, 

sanctity ; a title of the 

Pope I 

Holla, Hollo ( ?’»r ) inter. ! 

Holland ( ) n. a coarse brown linen 

■ fabric ^^Z^U l 

Hollow ( ) adj. empty vacant ; 

insincere, unsound 1 — n. a 

cavity ; a depression 

in a body 1 —v. t. to make a 

hole in C^ltST, l 1 

Hollow-eyed--^^ C^rtni ^^51 1 

Hollow-hearted = faithless 

I Beat hollow = to beat wholly 

Holly ( ) n. an evergreen shrub vDf^tf 

Holocaust ( ) n. a burnt sacrifice cM’l, 

*tgi I (Jig)- destruction 

5 Tt*T I 

Holograph ( ) n. a document written 

by the executant himself 
1%«(1 I 

Holster ( ) n. a horse-man’s case for 

pistol I 

Holy ( 1 ^’?^ ) adj. morally perfect 't 3 ^, ^f^v 5 ; 

pure in heart ; consecrated I 

Holly adv. piously 'S^i 1 

Holy-city ( ?’fsi-fbf5 ) r^. 

^*rpittsf, ( c®r^r«r9i*r, ) i 

Holy-Ghost ( ) n. the third person 

of the Trinity *l'tt'?rl I 

Holy-war ( ) n. <t’6 


Homage [ 369 ] 

Homage ( ) n. a service due from a 

vassal to his lord C^'8 '5t'G ; 

reverence 'sfv, \ 

Home ( ) n. one’s house or country 

; a charitable 

institution for the destitute ?f^;yt3g5r I — 
adj, pertaining to one’s home or country 
I —adv. to the point, close, 
effectively • At 

home = in one’s own house ; familiar, 
at ease I 

I fed quite at home iT^ ^««11 

STtf^C?, I He Is 

not at home^c^'S 5^(1, 

I At home— a reception 

^z^z^ f^^ar*! i Bring 

home to— to prove to, to impress upon 


I Eat out of house and home 
'O’R^ ?ft"T • Long home ^ the 
grave i Make one’s self at home— 

«i?Ptrtr ^z^ t 

Pay home ---to retaliate C^f i 

Home-born adj. native «l^1, i 

Home-bred adj. domestic ; 

unpolislicd, plain 

Home-felt adj. inward, private 

^i^n. \ 

Home-grown adj. not imported but produced 
in one’s own country 
C^W I 

Home keeping adj. staying at home i 

Homeless adj. without a home 
^«(^1 I 

Homely (lf5{f^) adj. plain, familiar 15^1, 

; unpolished, coarse i 

Home-made adj. made in home 

Home-woik i 

Homoeopathic ( ) adj. pertain- 


ing to homoeopathy 

Hometopathy ( ) tt. the system of 

curing disease on the principle that a 
drug which will cause will alsc> cure a 

Home-rule ( ) «. a form of self- 

government claimed by Ireland '5ltTl1^C®1f'9 
*\U I 

Homesick ( ) adj. unwilling to leave 
home ®-/^1 i 

Homestead ( 15 '^-C^'® ) n. the plac c of £ 
mansion house i 

Homicide ( ) n. manslaughter 

; one who kills another I 

Culpable homicide 25 *t, 


Homicidal ( ) adj. relating to 

homicide ; murderous, 

bloody I 

Homily ( ) n. a plain and familiar 

religious sermon ^«11, l 

liomilist ( ) n. one who exhorts a 

religious congragation 

Homniock ( ) n. a small conical hillock 


Homo ( L)-— man, Gr. Homos - the same. 
Homocentric ( ) adj. having the 

same ( cnlre I 

Homodont aij. having teeth all 

alike i {npin). of 

Helerodont ) . 

Homogeneous ( j, Homogenial 

( ) adj. of t)je same kind or 
nature "iir^ I 

Homograph ( ) n. word of different 

meaning but spelt alike fkg 

»r^ I 



[ 370 ] 


Homologous ( ) adj. agreeing, 

having the same relative position, pro- 
portion value «ii^<5S, 


Ho’iiology ( ) n. affinity of structure 

jH£r, I 

Homonym ( ) n. a word having the 

same sound but different meaning 

Homopyrff^m? ( ) ad}. having 
different signifkations, ambiguous f9- 
'51^4^ I ( Or. Iloinns — ihe same ; onoma — 
name. ) 

Hone ( ) n. a fine stone for sharpening 

^ 1 ~v. t. to sharpen if?1, 

' 7 ^ I 

Honest ( ) adj. upright in dealing, 

just >1^, 7 t|^, iS-TT I Honestly adr. 

uprightly I 

Honesty ( ) n. integrity, uprightness 


Honey ( S'i't'i ) n. sweet juice collected by 
!)ces iV.)m n-.\vcrs Cti|^ (Jig.) 

sweet -lu' (l.rrling ^1 I 

— V. (. to sweeten l { pa- p- 

hone v eil ). 

Hencyed, nooied ( ) adj. sweet 

Cersi'f I 

Honeycomb ( ) n. a mass of waxy 

cells formed by bcc.s C5]ht-^, I 

Honeymoon ( ), Honeymonth n. tlie 

first: mo;uh after marriage f^lR 

Tit 5 I Keep one’s honeymoon ft ?1 
i'ii >sr««i5T ift5 1 

Koaoy-nioutheJ adj. sinootlr in speech 

Iion<* 3 -tiijcker ( ) n. a kin^d of bird 

Honey-.sutddc- n. ^3T “^9 i 

Honey-tongtied ( ) aij. soft cr pleasing 

in speech I 

Honorarium ( ^ voluntary 
fee pa’d for services i 

Honornry ( ) adj. done for honour 

and not for reward or fee 

; conferring honour 

Honour ( «15Tt^‘) n. esteem paid to worth, 
respect ^11^, ; exalted 

rank, distinction 

yft® ; a title of respect ^iTt^ ^ 

( Your honour i I 

) I (/?/.) privileges to rank ♦[?- 

5|^T?tft51t^ I —V. t. to respect, to adorn 

<3[W1 ^ ; to 

exalt, to rank to accept when 

due as, To honour a draft - ^ ^ 

c? I Affair of honour— a duel i honours funeral rites aiWft I 

Alaid of honour - a lady in the service of 
a queen or princess Tl 

I Point of honour— a scruple 
caused by a sense of duty I 

Sense of honour i 

Upon my honour— on the pledge of my 
honour ft I 

Honourable ( ) adj. worthy of 

honour, illustrious 

Honourably adv. with honour 

ft^n I 

Honoured ( ) adj. respect eel 


Hood ( ) w. a covering for the head 

'5lt5T^*l, 5®’ ; a folding 

cover for a carriage 1?!^^ » 

Hood of a serpent Tl c^6l i 

— t. to cover with a hood 


Hoodwink ( ) v. t. to blindfold, 

to impose on ^tftl 

^ C*t I 


[ 371 ] 


Hoof(l?^) n. the horny part of an aiiinial’s 
foot \ 

Hook ( ^ ) w. a bent piece of iron 

; a nail bent into a curve, 
C^visl 'ST'Srti^ I — V- t. to catcli or draw with 
hook i enmare 

Cn»Tl I By hook or by crook ^ ; one 

way or the other 5^<:^ C't-^rsT, l 

On one’s own Iiook--^Mr^1 

; ^tts ^9T I Hook-worm C*f^, 

aT^i>i r*f^ i 

Hooked ( ) adj. provided with a hook, 

curved i 

Hooligan ( ) one (^f a gang of young 
street roughs tl'Ol, • 

Hooliganism ( ) n. puJ^- 


Hoop (ijn^ ) n. a circular band of wood or 
metal used for binding the staves of 
cask etc. f^*\U Wl C^? ^1 

C^R, C^t:5Tl ; a large ring 

tfR I —v. L to encircle 

C^, OR ^ I Go through the hoops —to 
undergo an ordeal or severe trial c4w 

Hoops n. ( pi. ) elastic material for expand- 
ing a lady’s dress >Tt'^ 

Hooping-cough see under Whoop 

Hoot ( ) V. i. to cry like an owl, * to 
shout in contempt (T^FR 

I ~v. i. to 

expel with cries of contempt 

C*f J — n. shout of contempt 


Hoove ( n. a disease of catllc marked 

by swelling of the abdomen by gas, 
drumbelly i 

Hop ( ) V. i. to leap on (me leg c^'6 C^, 

^fnut^ ^1, I - n. 

leap on one leg C^^8, i 

Hop ( ) n. a kind of l>ilter medicinal 

plant 9I\51 *n¥, 

^ I 

Hop n. a slage of a lung clist;'nec fliglit 
of an aeroplane ^1 


Hope ( ) «. a dosJre of oipco 

tation ; confirlcnrc I— 

V. i. to cherish a desire of good 
; to have confidence 
5 1 — V. t. to desire witli expecta- 
tion of obtaining i Hope 

against hopc-=^t*i1 i 

Hopeful full of b.opc ^rf*n 

«RJ1 ; having qualities to ex 'lie hope 

«rt»n i Hope- 

fulness n. 

Hopeless adj. wltliout ho].->e 

^t»r ; desperate i Hope- 
lessly adv. ^v\ ^1»T1 I 

Hopple V. t. to tic tht^ fi'cl togctlicr 

to prevent running ^J1’4 i 

Hopples n. ( pL ) a fetlcr for liorscs when 
left to graze !, I 

Horde ( ) n. a wandering tribe or clan 

wtfs, I 

Horizon ( ) u. the .'iy>p.ircnt circle 

line between the earth and llu: sky 


Rst c^«n ^1?r, I 

Horizontal ( ) odj. pertaining 

to or parallel to the horizon 
^ CWU^, ; level 


Hormone ( ) n. certain internal 

secretion that pass into (he hlood and 

makes the organs active CBW-^ 

; subtle 

substances every human body produces 
in the ductless glands for gbang longer 
life just like the vitamins. 



Horn i ^4 ) 71. a hard substance growing 
on animal’s head ; a wind instrument 
; something made of or like a horn 

; a 

symbol of strength I 

On the horns of a dilemma - 

I Pull or draw in one’s 

horns to restrain one’s ardour 

'55? I Horned adj. f^sTt^T i 
Hornbill n. i 

Hornbook n. the fust book for clnldrcn 
^tr«f I 

Horneblcudc ( ) n. I 

Flurnor ( ) n. one who works or deals 
in horn I 

Hornet ( ) «. a species of wasp 

wi^Tc^fl I 

Hornish ( ) adj. hard, like horn 

f*T5r?f I 

Horn-mad adj. mad with rage «r«?^ 

C^U1 I 

Hornpipe ( ) ti. musical instru- 
ment ; a dance by one person v£i^- 

Homy ( ) adj. like horn, hard f»t5r^ 

W ; callous I 

Horologe ( ) «. any inslrumciu for 

indicating the hours 
?(3r I - gy 71 . I 

Horoscope ( ) 7i. record of events 

calculated with reference to the time of 
one’s birth and the position of the stars 
C^'1^ f (Gr. hora—^n 


Horoscopy ( ) «. art of predicting 

events of a person’s life 

I Horoscopist u. an astrologer 

Horrent ( ) adj erect i 

Horrible ( ) adj. awful, drcadfid 

C'^U, I Horribly adv. 

Horrid ( adj. dreadful, shocking 

372 ] Horse-laugh 

( Horridly adv. shockingly 

Horrific ( ) adj. exciting horror 

Horrify ( ) v. i. to strike with horror 

Horripilation ( ) n. the bristling 

of the skin causing erection of the hairs 
and goose-flesh 

h I 

Horror ( ) «. a shuddering' with fear, 

excessive fear 5?, I — struck adj. 

shocked i 

Hors ( ^JT ) adv. and p7e/>. outside I 

Hors d’oeuvre ( ) «• 

c»it9l «i1uT^r, i Hors 

de combat ( ) /i 

Horse ) n. a quadruped 

; cavalry I — r. t. or v. i. 

to mount or to get on a horse 

I Flog a dead horse = to 
try to excite ^C'®W511 C*r I Mount 

the high horse 

C'STi<?i1 I Put the cart before the horse— to 

reverse the natural order of things 
^'f^r <5? I Take horse = to ride on horse- 
back I 

Horse-box n. a railway carriage for carry- 
ing liorses C^ei^ C^^i^ « 

Horse-breaker n. Horse-tamer n. i 

Horse-chestnut n. i 

llorse-doclor «. c^t'51 ; veterinary 

surgeon 51^4 I 

Horse-drench ( ) n. a physic for 
horses i 

Horse-fly ti. 5*1^ i 

Horse-guards ( ) n. {pi.) horse 
soldiers employed as guards C^1^1 C5tTt1% 


Horse-laugh ( ) n. a harsh laugh 


[ 373 ] 

Horseman ( ) n. a mounted soldier 
; a rider on horseback 
C^t9tsfl I Horsemanship n. 


Horse-power n. die power which a horse 
can exert «i®ooo ^t^'Q 


ci)?:^'Q^ dcio ?1 w 

»T(^ I 

Horse-race n. i 

Horse shoe n. a shoe for horses 
v\Z^W I 

Horsc-way n. c^Ft^l B*Tt^ I 

Horse whip n. a whip for horses I — v. t. 
to chastise, to lash C^lar) I 

Hortative ( ) adj. giving advice, 

inciting ^5^111 I Hortation n. 

act of advising 

Horticultural ( ) adj, pertaining 

to the culture of gardens *f^l ^Rll- 

c^W I 

Horticulture ( ) «. the art of culti- 
vating gardens C^ti5l *1^1 

r^i?Jl I Horticulturist n, one skilled in 

gardening C^U1 

Hosanna ( 3i’-cw:5T ) n. apiaiseto God 
^A I 

Hose ( A.'W ^ ) n. stockings, socks, a covering 
for the legs c^t«rl I ( pi- Hoses ). Hose 
of a pump=?^^vr^ unt^ ^ I 

Hosier ( ^Twcn^" ) n, one who deals in 
stockings and socks csrt«r( C^C^1 I 

Hosiery ( ) n. hose in general C’TtWl 

Hospitable ( ) adj. kind to 

strangers and guests 
; generous i 

Hospital ( ) n. a building for 
the reception of the sick, old and hurt 
w?t<n5n i 


Hospitality ( ) n, act of offering 

friendly welcome to guests 



Host ( ) n. one who entertains others 

at his house C>lU*Jt^1, C^1W 

I Hostess N*?t, 


Host ( 1^’^; ) n. an army ; a large 

multitude I Hea- 
venly host=^r<i*Sf^ I Lord 

of hosts I Hosts of stars =51’VvE- 

I A host in himself 
I Reckon or count without one’s 

host = to misjudge f^1 ^1*rl 


Hostage ( ) «. a person given to the 

enemy as a pledge for the fulfilment of a 
treaty nt®!?? »I3IH 

A%Ai f??1 *f*l I Hostages 

to fortune 

Hostess see Host. 

Hostel ( ) n. an inn, a boarding house 
for students «f^1 AA^ 

I Hosteler n. one living in a hostel 


Hostile ( ) adj. belonging to an enemy 

»np ; warlike ; adverse 

Hostility ( ) n, enmity »I3P^1, | 

( pi. ) Hostilities n. acts of warfare 

Hostler ( ) n. one that has the care 

of horses at an inn AAA 


Hot ( ) adj. having heat ; very 

warm W? ; pungent ^ail ; fervent, vio- 
lent CVt’I'l, ; passionate I 

In hot water =in a slate of trouble I 

Make a place too hot to hold a person= 
to make it impossible for one to 


[ 374 ] 


stay in \ Hotbed n. a 

lieatccl glass co%'ctcd place in nursing 

plants '<.<11 I 

lloibcd of vice - t Hof brained. 

Hot-headed '5 ; rasli and violent 

I Hot- hc-ar;c - a drying 
room i Hotrress v. i. to press 

paper between hot plates 
Ct^f^ fW fJifs i Ho-bspnr a rash man 

^tC‘Tti5l ! I I'd -tempered 

«t5rl5T : Hot-^-eather - I Ilofly^idy. 

Hotchpotch ( ) n. hodge-podge, a 

confused mass of iiigrcclicnis mixed to- 
gether in the same pol 

Hotel ( ) n. an inn, a house for the 

board and lodging of strangers 


Hotelier n. ^’:rj3^gl8li, i 

Hottentot ( ) n, a native ofCapccolony 

*rf^«f ^lf2p<d'< ^njarsi i 

Hough ( ) or Ilcck w. the ham 

; the bac:k part of the 
knee joint i 

Hound ( ) n. a dog for hunting f5<st^ 

despicable man, a caitlfT C^t<» ; 

"Slf^ I —■v. t. to chase, to 

pursue C^rtf I 

Hour ( ) n. twenty-fourth part of a 

day ?l^1 ; the time indicated by a clock 

^?rv, I At the eleventh hour — at the 

last moment 

I In an evil hours ^ i 

Keep good hours - i 

The small hours— ^^^^1 fipn1, 

1 An hour’s journey at^ 
\ Hour-glass i 

Hour hand:^^#t^ #1&1 » 

llouri ( ) n. a nymph of the Muhammedan 

par adise I 

Hourly ( «Jl?rr^"f»r ) adj. done every hour, 
frequent 41 I 

— adv frequently, every hour 


Heuse ( ^1^5* ) n. a building for dwelling 
in ^3f ; a dwelling place <*1^1 iSill ; a 
famrly ; a branch of 

the legislature I —v. t. to 

shelter I — v. i. to reside 

\ —of people i 

Houses ( ) n. {pi. ) House of Commons 

or Lower House -- OT1 i ^1^1- 

> 1^1 I House of Lords or Upper House = 
^f»i5? sr^t7i®l, ’T®! I 

I House of call-ft^f^ 

' House of ill fame— 


House-breaker n. 

C’lUrtli I 

House-tax I 

Household ( ) n. a family living 

together *21451 

I — adj. pertaining to the house and 
fimily 4^41, I Household God= 


House-holder ( ) n. the holder 

of a house ‘5j|’| | 

House-keeper n. a female, servant who has the 
full care of a house 444 5f*ft4 ; 

one who stays at home 
«ftr4»t55l I 

House-keeping n. a management of a house 
444l=fl 4514 I 

House-maid ( ) /<• a maid servant 

44545 4lt ^^1454*^ I (sec Chamber 

House-wife ( ) n. mistress of a 

family 444 1 Housewife (4traf45:) 

n. a little ease for holding sewing materials 
C4^ C«fl4l C4t4l I 


[ 375 ] 


Housey, Housy ( ) n. a kind of gam- 

bling by throwing a ball into squares to 
obtain certain goods i 

Housing ( ) n. an ornamental saddle 
cloth 5T*rwi1 ( pL ) the trappings 

of a horse >ftW i 

Hove ( ) pa. t. & pa. p. of Heave. 

Hovel ( ) n. a small dwelling, a shed 


Hover ( ) v. i. to remain aloft on the 

wings ; to 

wait in suspense 

; move about and near 
iEftr<\e I 

How ( IfT'G ) adv. in what manner, by what 
mca)is ; 

in what condition I The how and 

thewhy=f%l[, I How many- 

1 How much=:=f^5}tsi • 

Howbeit ( ) conj. nevertheless 

However ( ) adv. and conj. never- 
theless, at all events I 

Howitzer ( ) n. a short light 
cannon ^(5 i 

Howl ( ) V. i. to cry as dog or wolf 

ifrst ^to tl'® 

I — n. a loud piolongedcry 

Howsoever ( ^to ) adj. although >ifsf- 

'e^Ti, C5rr5?:^r5it^, i 

Hoy (^t) interj. stop ! < ! — v. t. to drive 
on OT1 I 

Hoyden ( ) n. a heathen, a tomboy 

; a romp, a boister- 
ous girl C^t?rt«l1 I 

Hub ( ) n. central part of wheel, nave 

{ colloq. ) husband 1%f^C5r^, 


Hubble-bubble ( ) n. bubbling 
noise *T^ ; a kind of hookah 


Hubbub ( ) n. confused sound, uproar 

Huckabak ( ) n. vflf^Pt \6«f ^ 


Huckle ( ) n. the hip i 

Huckster ( ) n. a retailor of small 

articles hawker I 

Huddle ( ) V. i. or v. t. to put up 

things together in a hurry to crow'd 
together ^11? 

«rt « — n. a crotvd, confusion 
CVltC5im»T, I 

Hue ( ) n. colour, lint a 

shouting i Hue and cry — 


Huff ( ) n. a sudden anger, arrogance 

C^tn, I In a huff- i 

Huffish adj. insolent i Huff 

r. i. or V. t. to swell, to bluster 

c*f I 

Hug ) V. t. to embrace closely and 

fondly iR l —n. a 

close embrace C^*t«n, I Hug 

one’s self - f^l Sf i 

Huge ( > adj. bulky, enormous 

I Hugely adv. l 

Hugger-mugger ( ^-511^1^ ) n. sccrccy, 

confusion ^<^1- 

C'STl’fl ; I 

Hulk ( ) n. the body of an old ship 

W\^\^ I ( Jig. ) a big person 
i Hulky clumsy l 

Hall ( ) n. the Ijody of a ship 

; the outer covering 
of anything (.Vl=^1, I —v. i. 

to luisk ; to pierce the, liull 

^0^ ' 411 ^ I — v. i. to float o]i 

the water \ 

Hullabaloo ( ) n. 

5SJ44, I 

Hum ( ) V. i. to mnkc a buzzing sound 

I — e. t. to sing in a low tone 


[ 376 ] Hunger 

I — M. a buzzing noise 
«r^, ti«ru*rf^ i To hum and haw=to 
hesitate in giving an answer 
d-^1 I 

Human ( ) adj. belonging to man 

or mmkind 

Humane (f^^C^lsr) adj. kind, benevolent 

I Humanely adv. l 

Humanise ( ) v. t. to render 

humane if^t^ 

; to soften i 

Humanist ( ) n. a student of human 

nature ««!, t^Ttf*r 


Humanitarian ( ) n. one who 

believes Christ to be a mere man 

CV\V <: ; philanthro- 
pist I 

Humanity ( ) u. . the nature of 

man ; mankind «ftf^ ; 

benevolence *f'51-5lt?1 I Humanities ti. ( pi. ) 

Humankind ( ) ji. the human 
race ir^?t Wtf^ i 

Humble ( or ) adj. modest, meek 

^rar, ; low i —v. t. to 

lower, to degrade *^31 C’Te 

C^W, I Eat humblepie^to 

humiliate one’s self f^tCUfr^ fjlCflf 

Humbly adv. i 

Humble bee n. t 

Humbug ( ) n. an imposition, pre- 
tence I -- V. i. to deceive 

c«r, ❖tHp c? I 

Humdrum ( ) adj. dull, common place 
uir*rf^ I 

c»itv I 

Humid ( ) adj. moist, damp cir=^1,, 
C^rsi^\ I 

Humidity ( ) n. moisture, damp- | 

ness cw^l c>TC»l^1 '815^1 • Humid- 

ness n. 

Humiliate ( ) v. t. to humble, to 

lower in condition ; 

to depress ?P^ I 

Humiliation ( ) n. abasement, 

act of humiliating »It«f, i 

Humiliating adj. humbling I 

Humility ( ) n. lowliness of mind, 
modesty \ 

Humming ( 5tf^* ) n. a noise of bees or flies 
«•! »paf, C^t^rStsif?!, I 
Humming-bird n. y\^s i 

Humorist { ) n. one who has a play- 

ful fancy, a writer of comic stories C^fTai- 

Humorous ( ) n. full of humour, 
capricious ; exciting laugh- 

ter Itfl ^4l I 

Humour ( ) n. the moisture of animal 

bodies fH^, ; 

state of mind, temper 
; playful fancy 

; caprice i Out of humour 

=out of temper 

Hump ( ) «. a hunch upon the back 

I Hump-backed i 
Humpty-dumpty ( ) n. a short 

dumpy person ait^U. 

C«ltt9lt^1 I 

Hunch ( ) n. a hump fW i Hunch back 

n. one with a hump I 

Hundred ( ) n. ten times ten i 
Hundredfold adj. tD*r '0*1 i Hundredth 

n. one of a hundred vii»i '5t^ a(Ot^ i 
Hung ( ) pa. t. and pa. p. of Hang. 

Hunger ( ) n. desire for food COt^ ; 

strong desire for, after 

• Hunger-strike '= prisoners refusal 
to take food to piocurc release C^tC^I 


[ 377 ] 

«2fr5«1 I — V. i. to ciavc food C’*ft*P, 

C«1<^ clW I 

Hungry ( ^T*5ft ) adj. greedy, liaving desire for 
food I 

Hungrily adv. i 

Hunks ( ) «. ( sing. ) a miser ' 

Hunt ( ) V. t. to chase as game ; 

VO scaro.h for f^5t^, ; to pursue 

'*^1:5 • — t’- i‘ to follow the chase 

; chase of game 

^^TI1 ; search ; a pack hounds 


Hunt out, up, after, for — to search for 
I Hunt down 5ilf^ 

cn»t1 1 

Hunter ( ) (fern. Huntress) n. one who 

hunts ^lt<f I 

Hunting n. the pursuit of wild game 

Huntsman n. one who hunts ; a servant 

who manages the hounds at a chase 

f5^t^ 5ti?55t I 

Hurdle ( 151^^8=^ ) «. a frame of twigs interlaced 

WTn I Hurdle-race -- W*fsi1 C^l CAU^ 9\^ 

c*r^^, I 

Hvrdy-gurdy n. A\ 


Hurley n. i 

Hurl ( ) V. t. to throw with, violence 
AZ^ZA fiJCUpn AiA, wfil I —V. i. to 
dash with force ^1, AA 


Hurly burly ( ) n. tumult J 

Hurrah, Hurra ( ) interj. an exclamation 

of joy »l4f I 

Hurricane ( ) n. a violent storm 

Hurricane deck- 

^6^^ 9(iAi I 

Hurry ( ) V. t. to hasten 5*1^- 

C’*r'f1 ^ I — V. i. to act or move witli 

haste ^a, C^<Tt?STf% » — n. Great 


I Hurried adj. VjAl- 

Hurriedly adj. with great haste 

Hiarst ( ) fi. a wood ^*1 ; a g?ovc 

f9AA, I 

Hurt ( 51 I 5 ) V. i. to cause pain to c^, 
<811^1^ AA ; to damage AA, 

AA I — ?i. a v/ound, injury Cb'&, 

AUfA^ I 

Hurtful ( ) adj. injurious, misi hi(‘Vi)us 

Cgs«r^5^^, 1 

Hurtless adj. harmless 1 

Husband ( ) n. a married man 

I — y. t. to manage willi economy 
A]A AA, ^^si^fA AA I Is 

your husband alive 

^IZ^ZA ? 

Husbandman ( ^1W-c?'0-c>l»T ) «. a working 

former fAA, C^t^1 ; 

Husbandry ( ) n. tillage 

; thrift, frugality A}A I 

Hush ( ) inter, be silent itJJt AZA ^lA I — 

adj. quiet I — v. t. to silence 

^1^*1 I Hush up V. t. to suppress 
C%\*\A AA I 

Hush-money ^«ri cvftn^f f»f^1 


Husk ( ) K. the thin covering of certain 

fruits and seeds I 

— V. t. to remove the husk 
A]A ( CAZA A]A A^A ) i Husked adj. strlpi)cd 
of husks I 

Husky ( 2^1 r%) (idj. hoarse as die voice 45^»r, 

cScb^n I 

Hussar ( ) n. a light armed horscsoldicr 

^AA} I 

Hussy ( )/ «• a worthless woman 

; a pert girl I 


t 378 ] 


Hustings ( n. (sing) the principal 

court of London 

^^1 it? ; election proceedings 
?PtsfW-»(i5 I 

Hustle (^155^) to P'^sh together cl^t- 

ci^t I They are hustled in at one 
door and out at another = Ct5^C2it^^ 


Hut ( 91§ ) «. a small house I 

Hutch ( i?t? ) «. a bo'c, a trough ; 

a coop for rabbits -T?1 ♦f? C*tt?1 ^ 

I ( colloq. ) cabin, small cottage W 

Hyacinth ( ) «. a bulbous rooted 
flower 15V\^ «(^1 ^ 


Hyadcs or Hyads ( ) n. a clustci of 
five stars it?r^ 'ec»lt?1 


Hyiena, Hyena ( ) n. a quadruped of the 

dog kind, much like a sow C^1t> I 

Hyaline ( ) adj. glassy f 

; smooth, clear as sky f^*t9T, 


Hybrid ( ) n. an animal or plant 

produced from two different species 
; a mongrel I 

Hydra ( ) n. a monster with many 

heads, a water-snake with several heads 
; any manifold 

evil I 

Hydrant ( ) n. a machine for raising 

water i 

Hydrate ( ) n. compound of water 

with anoiher element 'SIlsT ^®T 


Hydraulic ( ) ndj. worked by water 

clt)1 r»f ; relating to hydrau- 
lics ; operated by water 

power nr^^t w i 

Hydraulics ( ) n. ( sing . ) the science 

relating to the action of water in motion 
s|f% »lfV fttUi I ( Gr. Ilndor 

= water) . 

Hydrocele ( ) n. a disease marked 

by the swelling of the scrotum 

Hydrodynamics ( ) «. ( used as 

sing . ) the science relating to the force 
of water i 

Hydro-electricity ti. electricity produced by 
means of water, csp. by water-power 
^11^^ *1^1 C5t?1 I 

Hydrogen ( ) n. an elementary 

gaseous sulistance 
^t«*f I 

Hydrography ( ) n. the description of 

the water of the earth 

Hydrology ( ) n. the science of water 

ur»t-t%®l5T I 

Hydrometer ( ) n. an instrument 
for measuring the specific gravity of 
things by floatation 
cwt’«n ^ I 

Hydropathy ( ) n. the treatment of 
disease by water C^-^91 

Hydrophobia ( ) n. an unnatural 
dread of water ; the symptom of 

a disease known as Rabies 

c«rr?i I 

Hydrostatics ( ) n. ( used as stag. ) 

the science that treats of properties of 
fluids at rest I 

Hyena, see Hyaena 

Hygcian ( ) a lj. relating to heabh 

and its prcscivatioii ^1^1 >1!}^? i 

Hygiene ( ) n. the science of preserving 

licalih I 

Hygienist a. one skilled in hygiene 


( 379 


Hygroscope ( ) n. an instrument 

to measure the moisture in air 

cwt«n m i 

Hymen ( ) n. the god of marriage 

; a thin membrane partially 

closing the external orifice of vagina 

; the Greek god of marriage 

Hymeneal ( ) adj, pertaining to 

marriage f5ni I 

Hymn ( ) n. a song of praise C^t®, 

I — V. t. or V. i. to praise in song 
«Tti I 

Hymnal ( ) n. hymn-book 

Hymnic ( ) adj. relating to hymns 


Hyranology ( ) «. a collection of 

hymns I Hymnologist n. c^tOF- 


Hyperbola ( ) r. one of the conic 

sections C^ti?1 


Hyperbole ( ) n. an obvious exag- 


I Hyperbolic, — al adj. exaggerating 

Hyperborean ( ) adj. belonging 
to the extreme north 

^ilt^ I — n. an inhabitant of the 
extreme north T^Z^t 

( Gr. hjper —beyond). 

Hypcrcritic ( ) n. one who is 
over critical >15ltC»rt5^ I 

Hypercritical ( ) adj. 


Hyphen ^ ) n. the mark ( - ) between 

syllables i 

Hyphenic adj. • 

Hypnotic ( ) adj. causing sleep 

c&t^fst '5n:?t9i I 

Hypnotism ( ) n. sleepy condition 
produced by artificial means 

Hypochondria ( ) n. a nervous 

malady marked with depression of spirits 

c^sit^ I 

Hypocrisy ( ) n. concealment of 

true character 

Hypocrite ( ) n. one who feigns to 

be what he is not '®'0, 


Hypocritical ( ) adj. practising 

hyi)roerisy 'S'O, i 

Hypodermic ( ) adj. relating to 

the parts under the skin 

Hypotenuse ( ) n. the side of a 

right angled triangle opposite to the 

right angle > 

Hypothecate ( 

gage » Hypothecation n. 

Of '€51 1 

Hypothesis ( a supposition, an 

assumption I 

Hypothetic,— al adj. conditional 


Hyssop ( ) n. an aromatic plant »ilf^«t 


Hysteric,— al ( ) adj. pertaining to 

hysteria \ 

Hysteria Hysterics n. a nervous 

affection peculiar to woman 


I ( ) the ninth letter in the English 

alphabet ^ » 

I (^11) pron, I ( pL We=^lft, 

) I 

Iambic ( ) adj. consisting of iambus 

Iambus ( ) n. a poetic foot of two 

syllables 5? | 

Ibex ( ) «. an animal of the goat 

kind i 

Ibis ( ) n. a wading bird resem- 
bling the stork y\U^x 


Ice ( ^$6" ) n. water congealed by freezing 
fky^ I —V. t. to cover with i( c 
or concreted sugar 

Ci5ftc^ C^'efjf I Break the ice sec 


Iceberg ( '«it^5“-'^1^ ) n. a huge mass of lloat- 
ing ice I 

Ice bound adj, bomid or fixed in icc 'A'^vp^ 

Ice>creain ) n. cream artilkially 

frozen v^ZA (^61 

AAr^ I 

Ice-field a large held of icc 

AA^^’^ C’f-H ( 

Ice-house n. a ])Iacc foi- keeping ice AA^ 
^!’>n AA I 

Ichneumon ( ) ?/. a small carnivo- 

rous animal I 

Ichnography ( ) n. a ground plan 

ol’ a building or other work c4!^< 

; a tracing out I 

Ichnology ( ) n. study of fossil foot- 

1)1 iuts 


Ichor ( ) n. colourless matter from 
an ulcer I 

Ichorous (^t^5F3t6;) adj. having watciy 
humour A^ ' 

Ichthyology ( ) n. the bianch of 

natural history treating of fishes 
Ta^U I 

Icicle ( ) Jc a hanging point of ice 

Iconoclasm ( ) n. act of break- 
ing images tgy I 

I ( Gr. £/Xw — an image). 

Iconoclast ( ) n. a breaker of 
images C’H^'l 


Iconolalry ( ) it. ilic worship of 
images ^«9|1 ^W1 I 

Icy ( ^ ) adj. abounding in or like ice 

; chilling, cold cS^I, 

C’TCwSi I Icy manners- C^lUntHI 


Idea ( ) «• notion, conception, 

thought A^A tjU*l1, '5J«, ^)Sr1, ZA]A i 

Ideal ( ) adj. existing in idea or 

imaginatioji, the best conceivable, per- 
fect I 

— n. the highest conception of anything 


Idealise ( ) v. t. or v. i. to 

form an idea AAy I 

Idealism ( ) n. the doctiine 

of ideal existence ; search 

after the best and highest 
«it"n ^1 (^ti, Af^A^ I 

Idealist ( ) n. one who strives 

after the ideal perfection 



[ 381 ] 


Ideality ( ) n. ideal state 

Idem ( ) adj. tlie same C>lt, i 

Identical ( ) adj. the same 

f difTci'cnt things agreeing in 

details with 

Identify ( ) V. 1. to ascertain 

to be the same i Idcnti- 

ticatioD n. the act of identifying 

I To identify oneself with 

^ 1 ^ 1 ^ SSK\^ 

Identity ( ) ?i. sameness 

r^j^i I 

Ideography ( ) n. rejnesenta- 

tion of tilings by picture 

Ideology ( ) n. ilie science of 

ideas U^U, t 

Ides ( ] n. { siti.g. ) the Ijih day of 
May, July, October and the 13ih 
ol the other months in ancient Rome 
c*i, i4 '®it^ ^t*t 

'«I1^ I 

Idfocrasy ( ) same as Idiosyncra- 

Idiocy ( ) n. state of being an idiot 

«•! ; foolly ; also Idiotcy. 

Idiom ( ) an expression peculiar to a 

language Uz^[^ 

W, ^t5|5T I 

Idiomatic, Idiomatical adj. pertaining to the 
idioms of a language C^U^^^ 


Idiomatically adv. ?(5Ritc^ i 

Idiopathy ( ) n. a primary disease 

C^l^y I 

Idiosyncrasy ( a peculiar 

characteristic adj. 
tSt^ I 

Idiosyncratic adj. i 

Idiot ( ) «. a foolish or unwise per- 
son, a natural fool C^9f1, ^^^1 

I —adj. Idiotic C^9f1, I 

Idle ( ) adj. averse to work, unoccu- 
pied ; useless 

. ; vain fsiSI ; unemplo) cd "SipSr- 

^11, I — t’. t. or V. i. to 

spend in idleness, to remain idle 

7p-\v\ 1^?1, 35f? «tl5t5 I Idle 

attempt i Idle talk ^unimpor- 
tant talk xpst? 5is«fl, 515^1 I Idle 

headed = foolish i Idle moments = 


Idleness ri. inactivity, indolence lissill^, 


Idler ( ) n. an idle person 


Idly ( ) adv. in an idle manner 

U I 

Idol ( 55(1 an image for worshij) 

^1%, af^^II ; a person or thing too much 
loved 55(j:55tc^:^l51 I 

Idolater ( 'sd^-vS-CST^^ ) n a worshipper of 
Idols I 

Idolatry ( '5t1|-;5-C8>lt^ ) n the worship of 

an image ■pjwi, ‘'^'^1 I Idola- 

trous adj. 

Idolise ( 55(1^-^-«11 ^i^ ) v, t. to love to excess 

Idolum ( ) f/. ( Logic. ) fallacy 


Idyl ( 'SH^f^eT ) n. a short narrative poem 

If ( ) coitj. in case that i If 

M)=»C^?^ ^Z^ I As ir-c^JT I Were I 
C^Z^^ 5|f?— If I were. 

Ignious ( ) adj. consisting of, per- 
taining to or like fire 55(f^?i?f, ^f^- 

I Igneous rocks 



[ 382 ] 

Ignis-fatuus ( ) wai-o-the 

Wisp, a delusive light seen over marshy 
places Qt-?!, \SC5l1fl1 

Ignite ( ) y. t. to kiiidie ^5!1 i 

— V. i. to take fire i 

Ignitibic ( ) adj. that may be 

ignited i 

Ijgnition ( ^5T:-r^>SfiT ) n. the act of taking fire 
arC'TfUl ?r.t5I, ^9\^, 1 

Ignoble ( ) adj. of low birth, mean 

^5, ^1(^1 I 

Ignobly ado. meanly \ 

Ignominious ( ) adj. dishonotira- 

bie, contemptible 

I Ignondniously adv. 

Ignominy ( ? ) n. infiuny, pul.)lic 



Ignoramus ( ^15~ ) n. an ignorant per- 
son c^,l'i' I 

Ignorant ( ) aij. without knowledge, 

5191 f'1, '51^151, ^^'Sr, ; 

unacquainted w'. ih I i I am ignorard 

of i.hc fact 

U'^ZTi C7{'^U^ \ , 

Ignoratco ( ) n. oi' knowledge, 

stale ul' ()e;ng igiiOiaani. 

I Ignorantly adv, through 
ignorance I 

Ignore ( ) v. t. to tlisicgard wilfully, 

to leave OU-. of aeeoiini ^£f ?? ’®[1e^-t5l 

Iguana ( ) ,;. a genus of 

lizards n''( l 

Iliac ( ) adj. jXU'UiijiMig to )ow-cr 

inlrsLiner, I 

Iliad ( ) ;:. the great poem by Homer 

5r-R C«l9t1 -^-UVA i\U I 

111 ( ) adj. sil k, d'seased ’life's, 

<1551 ; bad, evil, wicked C<I?1, 

I — n. e.'il, misfortune ^S(5f«T, 

C?P*1 I Go ill with=fit*(«T^ Take 

it ill— to be offended ng ^1 I 

Illapsc ( ^CST*15 ) 71. a sliding in vii^i 

c^tcsit^i >ac<»i I 

~y. /. to glide fn5r»t I 
Illation ( ) n. act of inferring, conclu- 
sion ijjw, I 

Iflahve ( ) a ij. that may be inferred 

ISI-blood ( |5T-?rt® ) n. ill-feeling »fap^1 | 

Ill-boding ( ) /I. inauspicious 


Ill-bred ( |e^-:a’5[ ) adj. not well-bred ; uncivil 

Illegal ( ) adj. conlraiy to law 

illegality 71. I Illegally adv. 

Illegible ( ) adj. indistinct 

C^’^C‘!f9f j that cannot be read I 

lUeghiniacy ( ) >?• bastardy 

«(VTW5b 5^55,1 I 

IJiegitirnatc ( ) adj. not born in 

wedlock, not gcuuiuc 

C5tu^r<n I 

Ill-fated ( ) Ivriiiging misfor- 

Ur.ic I 

IM-favoured ( ) adj. deformed, 

ugly ^^^'5 I 

Ill-gob Ill-gotten adj. C^W, C51t?t5tr 

Ci?it^1 I 

Illibt'ral ( ) adj. mean, not candid 

Illicit ( ) adj. unh'.wful, unlicensed 

filfw, 'iC«9| 9J1 C$1«1 1 

Iliicitly adv. » 

Illimitable ( ) adj. that cannot 

be limited, infinite ^>h^, I 

Illiterate ( ) adj. not learned, 

illiterateness t 

Illiteratcnesf., Illiteracy n. c^^1- j 

Ill-nrjt«red ( ) adj. ill-tempered, 

pcevisli I 

Illness ( >91^515; ) n. sickness, disease 

Ill-off adj. in bad circum'ttance 

Illogical ( ) adj. { ontrary to ilic 

rules of tliC logic !Pt9 

lll-starrcd ( ) adj. born under evil 

stars, uufoetunatc I 

Ill-tcinpercd ( ) adj. cross, •pecvl^li 

«ryt»l ; morose l 
Ill-treat T f? & ) &. /. to treat badly 

cw I 

Illude ( ) r>. t. to play u]X)n, to 

deceive C?, 1 

Ill-turn n. an act of unkindness »rai»t5l, 


Illume ( ) see Illumine. 

Illuminate ( ) v. t. to light up 


; to illustrate ^5P*I31 ; to adorn 

^vith ornamental letters 
^ I 

Illumination ( ) «. act of 

giving light ; a display of 

lights on festive occasions iBtPf 

^^*1 ; splendour 
; adorning of books with 

illustrations SS,\ fsfa'S I 
Illuminative ( ) adj. tending 

to give light I 

Illusion ( ) yj. a playing upon, a 

false show ?[tTi1, ; error ®Jr, 


Illusionist ( ) n. one given to 
illusions C®lt^ ; one who produces 

illusions 1 

lUnsiva ( ) adj. false fsjtl, 1 

] Imbecile 

Illusory ( ) adj. dcccpthe, hrlse 



Illusirate ( ) v. t. to make clear to 
the mind, to explain c^, ^n«fl1 ^^1, 

CW ; to adorn by pictures >,fi;vJ5 


Illustration ( ) n. act of explain- 
ing ^it^n ; that vdiich ilius'irates 

; a pictut-e I 

lilustralor n. 1 

Illustrative ( ) adj. lending to 
explain l 

Illustrious ( ) adj. disliugu’shcd 

renov.-ned, Irrilli.tiit 
^'}1 1 

Illustriously aJv. 1 

Ill-will ( ?c]-^ 52 ^) n. enmity, unkind 

feeling »!og5«1, i 

Imt^go ( ) 71. a likeness ; 

an idol ; an idea tg-iTr, 

I — V. t. to ibrm an image in the 

mind ?}5^^ i 

Imagery ( ) f?. mental pictures 

^l5t>irbX, I 

imaginable { ) adj. ih:\> ntay 

be imagined ^ 1 i?i^»l^'j i 

Imaginary ( ) adj. ( xisiing 

only in imagination, not ical 


Imagination ( ^Tr-itfsfr^-ijJSIH ) n, act of 

imagining ; conception 

»if«' I 

Imaginative ( t;:;- ) adj. gifted 
with, or pertaining to imt eir.alion 
51-^5? ta^ I irnrginativc faculty — 

»Tr«; I 

Imagine ( ) to coar.chc, ic 


«ir< bi I 

Imbecile ( weak in mind 01 

body, feeble 'SiT-r^bting'!, »lf^- 


[ 384 ] 


I — fi- one destitute of mental or 
bodily strength C®^1, 


Imbecility ( ) n. weakness of body 
or mind "ifvCt^T 

^^"^1 I 

Imbed ( ) v. t. to lay, as in a bed 

Imbibe ( ) v. t. to drink in 

C5t^, C*Tt35 ; to receive into the mind 

I ( -into ; bibere 

— to drink ). 

Imbitter ( ) v- t. sec Embitter f^l'91^1, 

ai^fb ^^1 I 

Imbosom ( ) sec Embosom. 

Imbricate ( ) ndj. bent like a gutter 

' tile I —V. t. to lay 

above another 9rU*f »1^1 I 

Imbroglio ( ) n. an intricate plot 

in a drama, a perplexing state of matters 

also Embroglio. 

Imbrown, Embrown ( ) v. t. to make 

brown, to darken C’ftC^lil 


Imbrue ( ^5r-3» ) v. t. to wet, to moisten, 
to drench f^?1, • 

Imbrutc ( ) v. t. or v. i. to sink to 

the state of a brute -fj'f'® ? I 

Imbue ( ) t'- b to tinge deeply 

; to moisten ; to cause 
to imbibe into the mind 
^^1 I 

Imitablc ( ) adj. that may be 

imitated or copied | 

Imitate ( ) z'- to copy, follow 


Imitation ( ) «• net of imitating, 

that which is produced as a copy 

Imitative ( ) adj. inclined to 

I imitate ; formed aftei a model f®¥, 


Imitator ( ) n. one who co]Hes 

Immaculate ( ) adj. unstained, 

spotless T^^^y ♦tf^ts I 

Immanence, Immanency ( ) n. the 

pervading principle of creation and 
intelligence I 

Immanent ( ) adj. inherent 

; indw^clling ; 

pervading I 

Immaterial ( ) adj. not con- 
sisting of a matter ; 

unimportant i 

Immaterialtsm ( ) n. doctrine 

of spiritual existence 


Immature ( ) adj. not ripe, not 

perfect <511 C^51, ; 

untimely i 

Immaturity ( ) n. unripeness 

; also Immatureness. 

Immeasurable ( ) adj. that 

cannot be measured i Im- 
measurably adv. I 

Immediate ( ) adj. without a 

medium, without delay ; 

present i Immediate 

superior --cnt^T ««*[?? I 

Immediately ( ) adv. instantly, 

w'ithout delay 

Immedicable ( ) adj. incuiable 

Immemorable ( ) adj. beyond 



Immemorial ( ) adj. beyond 

the reach of memory 

atlffST I 


[ 385 ] 


Immense ) adj. vast in extent 

; very large \ 

Immensely adv. i 

Immensity ( fsflJ ) n. unlimited 

extension, greatness 

Immensurable ( that 

cannot be measured 

Immerge ( ) v. t. to plunge into 

^^1 I 

Immerse ( ^'S{-'srt^ ) v. t, to plunge into, to 
dip ; to engage deeply 

^ ^=1 »l^1 ; I 

Immersion ( ) n. act of plunging 

into CWt:^T^1, ; state 

of being deeply absorbed 

Immethodical ( ) adj. without 

method or order I 

Immigrant ( tf^r-C'SI^ ) n. one who immi- 
grates ^tflf 

Ctf»l ^^1 


Immigrate ( ^f^-cai’^ ) v. i. to remove into 
a country permanently ♦f^l 

C^»l vflf^ 5tn I 

Immigration ( ) n. act of immigra- 
ting i 

Imminent ( ) adj. near at hand, 

impending i 

Imminence n. ^5^1 ; 


Immiscible ( ) adj. that cannot 

be mixed 

^>lT<fJ C^C5T CS9[ *['\^ I 

Immision ( ) n. injection 

Inimit ( ) V. t. to send into 

^5^1, ^»i1 \ 

Immixture n. ^^^1 i 

Immobility ( ) n. resistance to 


motion, immovableness 

’0«l, «t5pi I 

Immobile adj. »tfv i 

Immoderate ( ) adj. extravagant 

C^r^, I 

Immoderately adv. exceedingly 

Immodest ( ) adj. impudent, wanting 

shame or delicacy e^tw C^itC^UI, f^»ltW, 

Immodesty ti. want of modesty 

Immolate ( ) v. t. to offer in sacrifice 

Immolation ( ^5[’-c^js|?( ) n. a sacrifice 

Immoral ( ) adj. wicked, licentious 

Immorality ( ) n. any act which 

is inconsistent with what is right 

Immortal ( ) adj. never dying, 
imperishable I — n. one who 

will never die C*!?l^1 i 

Immortalise ( ) v. t. to make 

immortal ^ I 

Immortality ( ) n. inunortal 
existence, quality of being immortal 

Immortelle ( ^»r-'si^-C^«=[ ) n. an everlasting 
flower irt ^9T C'^IZ^ ntf^WT^ I 

Immovable ( ) adj. steadfast, that 

cannot be moved l 

Immovablcness, Immovability n. 

Immune ( ) adj. not liable to infec- 
tion ; 

without obligation i 

Immunity ( ) n. freedom from 
obligation, exemption, privilege Jft5, 



Immure ( ) v. t. to wall in, to shut uj) 

^^11, I 

Immutable ( ) adj. unchangeable 

I Immutability n. ^rt^l- 

Imp ( ) «. a graft, a shoot *!\W'< 

ent’^n, I —V. t. i 

Imp ( ) n. a little devil, a inis('hicvoiis 

child 51=^1 ; a son i 

Impish adj. fiendish 

Impact ( ) ’J. t. to press together 

firmly *R, i — 

a striking against C^^1, a®t?, i 

Impair ( ) v t. to diminish 5t»f ; 

to injuic ; to Aveaken ; to 

wear out l ( L im~m ; pejorare — 

to make worse ) . 

Impale ( ) v, t. to put to death by 

spitting on a stake CM ; to 

fence in with stakes cW'eTl C*f, C^t'W 
I (L im — in, palvs—ii stake). 

Impalpable ( ) adj. that cannot 

be felt or easily understood «tr<r?[ 

C^t?[t5?1, ) Impalpability n. 5fif- 

Impanel ( ) or Empanel v. l. enrol 
the names of a jury 

Imparity ( ) n. want of ecpiality 

ClsT c®f& I 

Impart ( ) v. t. to grant, to bestow a 

part of, to give (M, ; to make 

known ; (L ini -\\\ ; pmlis - 

a jjart ) . 

Impartial ( ) adj. jnsi, not biased 

Impartiality ( ) n. freedom 
fioni ])ias i Impartially 

adj. I 

Impartible ( ) adj. capable of 


Ijcing imparted ; indivisible 


Impassable ( ) adj. not capable 

of being passed ^1 

C^?ft^1 I 

Impassion b to move with 

passion I Impassionate, Impas- 

sionable, Impassioned adj. animated, excited 
c3Plntf»4'® I 

Impassive ( ) adj. not susceptible 

of pain or feeling 

I Impassively adv. 

Impasto ( ) n. laying on of colour 

thickly r^] C^dC5t1 I 

Impatient ( ) adj. not able to 

endure or to wait, icstlcss, fretful, eager 

I Impatiently adv. 

Impatience ( ) n. uneasiness, 

restlessness, want t>f jjatieiwc 
^151^1, I 

Impawn ( ) r. 1. to deposit as security 

M I 

Impavtd ( ) adj. fearless i 

Impeach ( ) e. f. to charge with a 


cn1^1 ; to 

call in fpicslion 


Impeachable ( ) adj. chargeable 

with a crime W^‘ft'91 l 

linpcachmcnt ( ) n. accusation 

against higli ofiicials Cn1?l1 '5T«^ 

Impeccable ( ) adj. not liable to 

(rrr(M or sin 

Impeccability n. i 

Impecunious ( ) adj. having 

no money, poor l 

Impede ( b to hinder, to 

[ 386 ] 


[ 387 ] 


obstruct ^T*f1 C?, 

) ( L. im — in ; pedis ~?i foot ). 
Impediment ( ) n. ohstructiou, 
hindcrance ef3?m, 

C^i5t I 

Impel ( ) v. t. to urge forward, to 

instigate »I^tl 

C?, C? I (L. pidle're^Xo 

drive ) . 

Impellent ( ) adj. urging on 


Impend ( ) v. t. to hang over, to be 

about to happen 51^, ^1 ( L. 

h/i~in ; pendere ~io hang ). 

Impending ( ) adj. ready to hap])cn 

?? I also 


Impenetrable ( ) adj. that can- 
not be pierced C^UU^, ; 

not to l)c impressed in mind CJ^t^'^l- 

C^1?11 I Impenetrability n. i 

Impenitent ( ) adj. not repent- 
ing of sin | — n. one who 

docs not repent for liis sin 

C'ftr^t^ ^1*?! I Impenitence n. 

Imperative ( ) adj. expressive of 

command, obligatory 

Imperative mood 

Impcrator ( ) n. commander 

'5rtc»f»f^t^t ; ruler i 

Imperceptible ( ) adj. not 

discernible, minute 

C^’ft^Ub I Imperceptibleness, 

Imperceptibility n. i 

Imperceptibly adj. without being perceived 

c^tust'© f^c^l 

V\U^ I 

Imperfect ( ) adj. incomplete 

; defective i Imperfectly adj. 

Imperfection ( ), Imperfectness 

n. C^^^ I 

Imperforabic ( ) adj. that can- 
not be bored through ^^1 f*r^ i 

Imperforate adj. c^f^© f?f;1 ^ nr^STl ; 
having no opening ^1 C^C^Till I 

Imperial ( ) adj. belonging to an 

empire or an emperor >f?r£f 

5Tati> >19^51 ; supreme mt^l ; a size 
of printing paper =22x32 inches, (56 X 
62 Cms.) ilfijit A^-9\ I 

Imperial city=«t^T5^t'8fi i 

Imperialism ( ) n. the power 
of an emperor AVU 

2(^5, I 

Imperialist ( ) n. one who 

belongs to an emperor 5i|'S?t^ Tl 

Imperil ( ^?r-C^’f^8=T ) v. 1. to endanger 
CW, I 

Imperious ( ) adj. haughty, 

tyrannical ^STSTl'Sl^) 

Imperishable ( ) adj. indcs- 

truclible, everlasting 
'5l’>P?, I Imperishablencss n. 

Impermeable ( ) adj. impenetr- 
able ; not permitting passage of 

Iluids I 

Impersonal { ) adj. not having 

personality C^1C^1 

{ gravimar ) not undergoing any change 

according to the persons i 

Impersonate ( ) v. t. to invest with 
personality or body ^jf^'5 
; to personify 

^A ; to play the part of 

Impertinence ( ) n. rudeness, 

sauciness, impudence 
^AfkA^U I 



Impertinent ( ) adj. irrelevant 
; intrusive 

iT’fl, ; impudent I 

Impertinently ( ) adv. saxicily 
Oft[?rr>, c^f ^t*f^ I 

Imperturbable ( ) adj. that 
cannot be agitated "TtV, I 
Impervious ( ) adj. not to be 
penetrated I Imper- 

yiableness, Imperviousness ns. 

^•l, I 

Impetuous ( ) adj. rushing 

upon with violence ; 

vehement in feeling I 

Impetuously adv. passionately 

Impetuosity ( ) n. vehemence, 
violence i 

Impetus ( ) n. force of motion C^^f, 

‘^ff^ »l% ; strong tendency or inclination 

Impiety ( ) , Impiousness n. ungodli- 
ness ai% I 

Impinge ( ) v. i. ( with on, upon, against ) 

to fall or strike against ’*^1 I 

Impingement n. i 

Impious ( ) adj. irreverent, profane 

Impiously adv. i 

Implacable ( ) adj. inexorable, 


C^t?l^1, I 

Implant ( ) v. t. to insert, to infix 

ent^, c^tn*i I Im- 
plantation n. <(6?1 I 

Implausible ar^*i C^U^1 i 

^Implement ( ) n. a tool, an instru- 
ment of labour TIj, 

\ Implementing i 

Impletion ( ) n. a filling 

I I 

388 ] Import 

Implex ( ) adj. not simple 

fft^^ ; complicated I 

Implicate ( ) v. t. ( with by, with, 
in ) to involve, to connect with 
c 5 i!?^i, ^zr\^ <n, 51^ c^i, 

He is implicated with him in the 
crime Cf{t W'® f^ti 

I ( L. im =in ; plicare~to fold ). 
Implication ( !?{ ) n. the act of 

implicating, entanglement 15 ' 6 ^> 

fw ^6^ ; inference 
\ By implication 

Implicative ( ) adj. tending to im- 
plicate I 

Implicit ( ) adj. implied ®t?l® ; 

unreserved y\^v\ ; relying entirely 

Impliedly ( ) adj. by implication 

Implore ( ) v. t. to ask earnestly, to 
beseech 5 ^ 5 ^, 4^ i 

Imploration n. 1 

Imply ( ) V. t. to mean, to signify 

; to express indirectly 

Impolite ( ) adj. uncivil 

I Impolitely adj. 

W.‘^ I Impoliteness n. i 

Impolitic ( ) adj, unwise 

; inexpedient l 

Imponderable ( ) adj. not able 

to be weighed W*! ; without 

any weight C^t4^'4 ) I 

Imponderables n. fluids without sensible 
weight, as heat, light &c. 

W ®H ®tn, $®Ttf^ I 

Imponent ( ) adj. competent to 

impose an obligation ^t<fl W I — n. 
^t«{T 1 

Import ( ) V. t. to bring from abroad 

or another country •fTl 

Import ible 

[ 389 ] 


; to signify, to imply 
; to interest am, ^ 

I — n. that which is brought from 

abroad *1^1 ; mean- 

ing ; importance '5|1?f»S[iT»^1 i 
Importable ( j adj\ that may be 

brought into a country *1^1, 

Importance ( ) n. weight, conse- 
quence I 

Important ( ) adj. of great conse- 

quence, momentous 
>a«(tiT I 

Importation ( ) w. the act of 

importing ; goods imjjorkd 


Importer ( ) n. one wlio imi)orts 

?]t9I t 

Importunate ( ) adJ. earnest in 
request or demand ; over})ress- 

ing i 

Importune ( ) v. t. to press urgently 

9Itl% m^z^- 

K^, Ctr&C^51, >Ttit I —adj untimely 

^9T-^^Tffl ; importunate 

Importunity ( ) n. act of pressing 
urgently C^^tC'dl 

«rr5T 'Blfsir^ I 

Impose ( ) Z>. t. to put or Jay on 

( ), <n'^J ; to enjoin, 

to command 

; to jtass off, to deceive ^ 
(.^ I — ( with upon ) V. i. to 

mislead i To impose a fine = 

^ I To impose a tax^c^W ijl^j 


Imposing ( ) adj. commanding, 
impressive C^%»f 

C^t^l I 

Imposition ( ) n. act of laying on 
f^nrt<f*T, ; a tax ; a decep- 

tion 5»I5^1 ; command 


Impossibility ( ) n. absurdity 

Impossible ( ) adj. that wh'ch 

cannot be or cannot be done 
^T^U] I 

Impost ( ) 77. a tax or duty, especially 

on import 4^1 

; a i)art of jiillar in vaults and 

arclics I 

Imposter [ ) n. deceiver 


Imposture ) n. iniposidon 


Impotence, Impotency f ) 

n. weakness, iiaberilify 

c<n I 

Impotent ( ) adj. weak, without 

soaial power 

> Impotently adv. i 

Impound ( ) v. t. to confine, as in 

a pound cif, ; to 

lake |)ossession to. of rcstiain ^1^^ 

{ enm c^U?:'li3l ) » 

Impoverish ( I- to make poor 

^♦■1 ; to exhaust the ferti- 
lity (as of the soil), 

CSltr?t?t1 ^Rf, ^4 I 

Impracticability ( ) n. state 

of being not practicable ^■>3t*fit5l, 


Impracticable ( ) adj. not 

able to be done 'SlviTtO, l Im- 

practicablcness n. t 

Imprecate ) v. t. to invoke a 

curse on any one RSifs^Tt’T C^, 


Imprecation ( ) n. a curse 


Imprecatory ( ) adj. containing 
a curse i 



390 ] 

Impregnable ( ) adj. that cannot 

be seized ; that can- 

not he moved '5|i?»T, i Impregnability 
n. proof against attack I 

Impregnate ( ) v. t. to make 

pregnant, infuse the cpialitics of one 
thing into another 

I Impregnation n. 

; act of filling with moral qua- 
lities I 

Impresario ( ) n. the manager 
of an opera company 

; the organizer of public enter- 


Impress ( ) r. /. to press upon cfBl 

C*f ; to sl.imp^tn Clt)1 T^'tfk Wt'tf C?, 

; to fix deeply ii^ the mind 
^ ; to foiaai into 
service ^Z^Z-4 I — n. 

mark, likeness ^lt5, I 

Imprescriptible ( ) ndi. that 

cannot be legally clep’'i\ed of 

) I 

Impressible ( ) ndj. susceptible 


Impression ( ) n. the act of impress- 
ing ; stamp ; 

idea, the effect on the mind 

; a single edition of a book 'iir^ 

Impressive ( ) adj, ])roducing an 

impression on the mind 
C«(1?1 ; solemn l 

Impressment ( ) n, act of seizing 

for service c^]. 

Imprest ( ) n. earnest money 


Imprint ( ) v. t. to print, to impress 

^t’fl C^, I —n. 

the name of the publishers, time, place 
&c. of a book printed 

Imprison ( ) v. /. to print into prison, 
to confine ?pni*f Of, ^’’fl 


Imprisonment ( ) ”■ confinement 


Improbability ( |sr'-£fr5j-f^f^f5 ) n unlikelihood 

c^uu I 

Improbable ( ) adj, unlikely 

I Improbably 


Improbity ( ) n. want of upright- 
ness, dishonesty I 

Impromptu ( ) adj. prompt, off- 
hand tstslfa^r^p c^1?f1, 1 —adj. 

readily ^'5^1 

I — n. extemporaneous composi- 
tion C-^t?[1 


Improper ( ) adv. unbecoming, not 

suiialdc ; 

incorrect I 

Improperly ( ) adv. unsuitably, 


Impropriety ( ) n. unsuitable- 
ness any unbecoming act 

Improve ( ) v. i. to make better, to 

advance in value or excellence 
'Cll¥ ^'t'ST I — V. i. to grow 

better ; to rise ( as prices ) 

C^1% 15 ; to make progress 

ni I Improve on or upon=^^ 

I Improve the occa- 
sion -to deduce a moral from a recent 
event c^Pt^l «i^5Ttisr Of’Sl^l I 

Improvable adj. '®1»1 I 

Improvement ( ) ”• progress, 

advancement \ Impro- 


[ 391 ] 


vements= valuable additions 

C^rW^I f 1% I —Trust ^*tt^ a«TIt>f I 
Improvidence ( ) n. want of fore- 
sight I 

Improvident ( ) adj. not prudent, 
wanting foresight 

Improvisate ( ), Improvise ( 

) V. t. to compose and recite in 
verse extemporaneously 

c^tc^^l ’f'ti ^5^1 ; to 

bring about suddenly ^f^'91 ^1 


Imprudence ( ) n. want of fore- 

sight, rashness 

Imprudent (/|Tkt-£P-C^'^ ), wanting discre- 

j incautious i 

Imprudently adv. 

Impudence ( ^?r-fV^'C®sp ) n. shamelessness, 
insolence l 

Impudent ( ) adj. shameless ; 

wanting modest, rude I 

Impugn ( ) V. i. to oppose, to call in 

cpicslion i 

Impugnable adj. that may be inij)ugncd 
I ( L. ?>? ---against ; 

pugnare --U) fight ). 

Impuissant ( powerless 
'si^sr, I 

Impulse ( ) n. affect of an impelling 

force, influence on the mind C^it, ‘Jlf^ 

»if^, cl5l, 51^1^ I 

Impulsion ( ) n. act of impelling 

instigation ci^1, | 

Impulsive ( ) adj. actuated by 
mental impulse 

; having the power of impelling 
Cifu I 

Impunity ( ) n. exemption from 
punishment or injury fel »rtf^. 

Impure ( ) adj. not piu c, defiled by 
sin, unclean ; 

unchaste i Impurely adu. 

Impurity ( Impurencss n. foul- 
ness, state of licing imijurc ^‘Plf^aj'®1, 

Imputable ( ) adj. that maybe 
imputed, attributable ^^t<T- 


Imputation ( ) ft. act of imini- 
ting, censure, rc])i'oach 
fsT^'1 I 

Impute ( ) V. t. to charge, to at tri- 
bute I 

In ( ) prep, within, during ; 

by through 'al^'1 ( — adv. within, not out 
'ST'f'Srtcl I — n. a corner l 

In-and-in i lu as far 

as^=:to the extent that f3^5Its=lt»T, i 

In as much i In that-- 

for the reason that C^lt i Ins and outs 
— the whole details of any matter 

>ir^C*T^ I Be in 

for a thing - t 

Be in with — to have intimacy with 

^ I In absentia -in his or 

her absence 'BfTft’jjstC® i Oranges are 

C^5fl I In season ( c55?t^ ) 

t In camera ^ secretly i 

In esse— visible exist ance i 

In extenso -^f^^tf^® \ In 

extremis ( ) at the point of 

death » In forma 

pauperis ( ) C^tvSll^ 

w\t I In memoriam=^in 
memory of:=-’^f® i In nubibus 

^.'m the clouds ; vague 

1 In posse- ; 
potentially • In statu- 


[ 392 ] 


pnpUlari ( 

I In statu quo ( ) 

I In toto ( ) rom- 
plctely I 

Inability ( ) n. want of ])ow'cr, 

incapacity i 

Inaccessible ( ) adj, not 

to be reached or obtained ^4'5, 

cy\P\U I In 

accessibility n. 

Inaccuracy ( ^-cfl^-f<ts^^-i£ir5 ) n. mistake 
^51, 3?!^, jPi.T'Ji 


Inaccurate ( ) adj. not exact 

or correct I 

Inaccurately adv. 

Inaction ( } n. ^vant of' action, rest, 


v£|»Tt^ I 

Inactive ( ) adj. not active, idle, 

lazy I 

Inactively adj. i 

Inactivity ( ) n. idleness 


Inadaptable ( ) adj. that can- 
not be made fit l 

Inadequacy ( ^:T-3)f5-C^!r?r^ ), Inadequateness 
n. insufficiency I 

Inadequate ( v£)f®-c-i55'fC^& ) adj. iusuflacient 
^31, I 

Inadequately adv. insufficiently 
®tC?r, I 

Ikiadmissibility ( ) n. quality 

of being inadmissible fil1^ 

Inadmissible ( ) adj. ^si1^ ; 

not allowable 4f^«I i 

Inadvertence ( } n. negli- 
gence, inattention 3?!^, 


Inadvertent ( ) adj. inatten- 
tive 1 

Inalienable ( ) adj. that cannot 

be transfer! ed 

Inane ( ) adj. void, empty 

; useless ; senseless 


Inanimate ( ) adj. spiritless, dead, 
w'ithoiit life T^lSy I 

Inanition ( ) n. exhaustion from 

want of food 'dW, 


Inanity ( ) n. senselessness, emptiness 

Inapplicable ( ) adj. not 

applicable or suitable ^1 aJStsf 

I Inapplicability n. 


Inapposite ( ) adj. not suitable 


Inappreciable ( ) adj. not able 

to be estimated C^ll^l 
msit^ I 

Inapprehensible ( ) adj. 

not intelligible C^lr^t«1, ^fw?! 

I Inapprehension n. 

Inapproachable ( ) adj. in- 
accessible c^t?[?1, 1 

Inappropriate ( ) adj. not 

suitable 'C|>w^, I Inappropriate- 

ness n. 

Inapt ( ) adj. unfit, unsuited 


Inaptitude ( ) n. unfitness 

Inarticulate ( ) adj. not 


^t?* I Inarticulateness, In- 
articulation n. indistinctness of sounds 


Inartificial ( ) adj. not 


[ 393 ] 


done by art, simple 

Inartistic, — al ( ) adj. not 

artistic C^»T 

; r»[SC?Jl<t|1?T, ^51 t 

Inasmuch ( ) sec In. 

Inattention ( ) n neglect, 

carelessness > 

Inattentive ( ) adj. careless 

I Inattentively adv. 

Inaudible ( t*l ) adj. not able to 

be heard ^>rttfT, 


Inaugural ( ) adj. relating to 

installation, introductoiy 

Inaugurate ( ) v. l. to induct 

Ibrmally into an oflice, to make a foranal 

exhibition y\\^r.7,Xc^iZ'^ 

; to cause to begin I 

Inauguration ( 

ducting ink) oflit e i 

Inauspicious ( } adj. illomened, 

iinrortunatc t 

Inauspiciousness n. i 

Inborn ( <A ) adj. born in <».■ with 
; \an«f(C<« ‘^A^ C?t3l I 

Inbred ( ) adj. inherent 

Incage see Encage. 

Incalculable ( ) adj. not aljle 

to be reckoned ^tSicjiP, i 

Incandescent ( ) adj. glowing 

with heat l - e. t. or v. i. 

toglowwitli heat ^1 ^^1, 


Incantation ( ) n. chanting of 

certain formula for purposes of enchant- 
ment tsi3f I Incantator n. tqcsr^ WU^I^I » 
Incapability ( ) n. incapacity 

’8f>fsf4^b I 


Incapable ( ) adj. not capable, 

lacking capacity, disqualified *51^51^, 

; hopelessly drunk I 

Incapacious ( ) adj. narrow 


Incapacitate ( ) v. t. io deprive 

of capacity ^>(<'4 ; to disqualify 

Incapacity ( ) n. inability, w'ant 

of capacity ^^5571. ^C^I‘JrT'71 l 
Incarcerate ( ) v. t. to impri- 
son ^.' 4 ^ C? I 

Incarceration ( ) n. confine- 
ment ' 

Incarnate ( ) i\ t. to embody in flesh 

»lfl^ I — V. i. to heal ( c^esp 

) I — clotlied in flesh C*P3^«lt'*ri, 

Incarnalicn ( ) u. act of embody- 
ing in flesh i 

Incase or Encase ( tsp or ) v. t. to 

put in a case ^ ' Incasement 

a. I 

Incautious ( ) adj. not careful 

^TO<ltsp, I Incautiously adj. care- 

lessly ^Tit4*jt5Pb(^^' l 

liieendiarism ( ) «. crime of 

lioiisc burning I 

Incendiary ( ) v. one who sets 

fire to a house maliciously 

; one who promotes quarrels 


Incense ( ) n. odour of materials 

burned in religious riles C^l^i j spices 

burned in religious rites ^♦11 —iM-) 

praise, flattery i —v. t. 

to inflame witli anger, to incite C^1»f, 

; to perfume W'ith 

incense i 

Incentive ( ) adj. inciting ^ 

I — n. tliat w’hich encourages 



394 ] 

^^r®l ; motive 

Inception ( ) «. a beginning 

; ( L. ?«=- 

on ; cnjtcra- - io lake ). 

Inceptive ( ) adv. iK-ginning 

c^t^b I 

Incei titude i 

Ineessar.i ( ) adj. unintevnn)led 

cw^r:®? C^1tRl?1, Civ'll 

Incesriantly ndr. juk liIv 

Incest ?.T-Cb^: sextu '! inOac '»u,se 

ananig I. indit'd I'ansirns f,l5f 

7^:531 I Incestnoiis 


Inch ( tsp' ) n. Iweli'ih jiart of a foot ?f^b 
^si3‘1 ?t<T 

til's l^ I Inch by inch, By inches by dt g- 
rres 3^:sr, i 

Kvery inch -coniplendy | Give 

hint an inch, he h 111 take an Kll ftrro^ 

Incidence ( ^r?PCs?P^ ) ;/. die manner of 


; the falling of a ray of light or heat 
Ulcl ; l)Caring or onus as of 
a tax; fjj fjfsjtR 

^C<f, I Angle oi incidence C'^tC^ 

ut^, ^ loirs'® c^t-t«; i 

Incident ( ffspC'S'S' ) ndj. jailing n])on ^ 
liable to Tiecur , 

— /L that w'hirh liappens, an event vibit% 

Incidental ( ) adj. conromiiani 

casual, occasional 

C^1?1 I Incidental expenses — 

I Incidentally adv, 


Incinerate ( } v. t. to burn to 

ashes '^‘4, I Inci- 

neration n. act of burning to ashes 

Incipient ( ) adj. hcgnining 


Incise ( ) v. 1. to cut into 


Incision ( |jT-fb«f?T ) n. a cn', a gasli 
fib ^'L>1 I 

Incisive ( } adj. trt'iu :a iilc 

a’R, C51^T^1, I 

Incisor ( ) //. ;i fore (o,.:i' T.dgi^i^ 1 

Incitalion ( ^iT-1b'-Cb'^»t ) v. re i -ij itr iting, 
that whit h iii' iics Ilex'S ^551’^ I 
Incite ( ^*-T-5l<^ ) V. t. lo roll '' 'oarl’nil. 
It) enct>uragt‘ (>. -;'d C^, 


Incitement ( ^ ;;. d' -, xdd d t:io\'('^ 

the mind ^6bfvT, 1 

Incivility ( ' r. 'io’M.s 

Inclemency ( i //. 't. ■, . • ■ , ' go •■ 


Inclement ( ) adj. st'Ntat', roiigli 

^5T, ; sioimy CfigT?. - 

41^1 ; \cry ct)ld I 

Incline ( ) r c to h'.m low.nd,. t} 2 ?T, 

5^1, 1^1^ i to 1)C dis])t)S( d * 0 ; -Tc. 

I — -r. !. tti cause to lean low.od^ t-il. 
C^t31 I Inclinable adj. le.ailng '? -f- 
C*(1?!1 1 Inclined fia. ndj. bent l In- 

cline fi. an inclined plane ^J1 C-brib-p I 
Inclination ( ;/. ihc a. i ol bi'iiding 

towards ; li'iidcucy ; 

disposition of mind ?B^b >21^% ; aficc- 
tiou ; angle between two lines 

or planes C^-1®1 I 

Inclinometer M'O C®71^1 ^13, T^j 

c«it^1^5r I 

Inclose, Inclosure see Enclose, Enclosure. 

Include ( ) v. t. to close in, to com- 
prise ton"® <1^, ^^^1$ 


[ 395 ] 


^ I Including pa. adj. together with 
»('5T'5 I 

Inclusion ( ) n. act of including 

; restriction ^t«f1 I 

Inclusive ( ) adj. enclosing (vrith of ) 

*tf^, I 

Incognisable, Incognizable ( ) 

adj. that cannot be known ; 

that cannot be inquired into by police of 
their own mot’on i 

Incognito ( ) adj. disguised, 

under an assumed title 

’f'tsi I Incog adv. ; in an un- 

kuow manner ^tr^, I 

— n. a man unknown [fern. 

Incognita) . 

Incoherent ( ) adj. not connec- 


I Incoherence n. incongruity 

Incombustible ( ) adj. incapable 

of being burnt ^^^'5 I 

Incombustibility ?i. ^1 


Income ( ) n. profit, gain, revenue 

^u, »it®, ait%, 


Incomer ( ) n. one who comes in 

C>f1'Wt S'®), *1^1 ^^fk I 

Incoming adj. coming in, accruing 
C?t^1 I 

Incommensurable ( 

hiving no common measure 'sl^f^T- 
'^fr<j5}H<j I 

Iiiconiineiisiirate i ) adj. not 

of « tpial ('Mient, iucqual ^lC'a?1^1, 

liiconirnode ( t. to cause 

iueonveiiieue.c to, to annoy ^^1, 

^<1, I 

Incommodious ( incon- 

vciuciit, unsuitable, annoying '5lt^5T, 

I — ly adv. 

Incommunicable ( ) adj. 
that cannot be spoken to others ^«2f^'hat, 
C8Tl^^ I Incommunicative adj. 

not disposed to give information 

; unsocial ^«rtTt^1 

Incommutable ( ) adj. that 
cannot be commuted 

Incomparable ( ) adj. match- 

less, not to be compared ( with, to ) 
^5t1 I Incomparability, 

Incomparableness ti. i 

Incompatible ( (idj. inconsis- 
tent, contradictory i In- 

compatibility 7^ 

Incompetence ( ), Incompetency 

n. inability, want of ])roper ciualifications 
'6l*t1^^trl, ' 

Incompetent ( ) adj. wanting 

sufficient powers, unfit 

Incomplete ( imperfect 
'5i1tfr<t^?b '5tt*t1?r*ir,5l I Incompletely 
adj. I 

Incomprehensible ( ) adj. 
that which tannol be undeislood 
c^t:5t3i, ' 

Incomprehensive adj. limited ci^, i 

Incomprehensibility, — sion,— sibleness n. s. 

Incompressible ( } adj: that 

cannot be compressed into smaller bulk 
bin (:5?i?it^b I 

Incomputable ( ) adj. that 
cannot be computed '5l5t«[St i 

Inconceivable ( ) adj. incom- 
prehensible ; 

physically impossible I 

Inconceivably i 


[396 ] 


Inconclusive ( ) adj. indecisive 

Inconclusiveness n. ^^^1 1 

Incondensable ( ) adj. not 


Incondite ( ) fidj. irregular, unfi- 
nished ^>1*^4 i 

Incongruous ( ) ndj. inconsistent-' 


; disjointed i 

Incongruity ( ) n. unsuitablencss 

Inconsecutive a. C^t?:^1?l1 i 

Inconsiderable ( ) adj. un- 
important 5Tt|4^T, I 

Inconsiderate ( thought- 

less, careless 

Inconsistency ( ) n. in con- 

gruity, want of agreement 

Inconsistent ( ) adj. incon- 

gruous, not suitable 

; changeable, fickle ^^9T, 

Inconsolable ( ) adj. not to be 

comforted STSRI, 


Inconsonant ( ) adj. inharmo- 
nious I 

Inconstancy ( |^iT-?|J?T-C^r?P ) n. changcablc- 
ness in temper or affection l 

Inconstant ( ) adj. fickle, change- 
able I 

Incontestable ( ) adj. undenia- 
ble t 

Incontinence ( ) n. want of 

restraint, unchastiiy 

Incontinent ( ) adj. not restrain- 

ing the passions or appetites, unchaste 

—adv. at once i Incontinently— 

without restraint, immediately 

Incontroiiable ( ) adj. uncon- 
trollable I 

Incontrovertible ( ) adj beyond 

controversy ; vaf^^t^r- 


Inconvenience ( ) n. want of 

convenience C®l^1 • 

—u. L to trouble I 

Inconvenient ( ) adj. unsuita- 

ble, causing trouble or difhculty 

Inconveniently adj. i 

Inconvertible ( ) adv. that cannot 

be changed >T5lt^ C?t1?rt^1 I 

Incorporate ( ) v. t. to form into a 

bofly, to unite, to combine 

I —V. t. to 

unite into one mass 5, 

I — adj united in one body 

Incorporation ( ) n. act of incor- 

porating, formation of a legal or political 
body, an association 

Incorporeal ( ) ad/, spiritual 

; having no body. 
Incorrect ( ) adj. inaccurate 'y»T, 

I Incorrectly adv. 

' I Incorrectness n. 

Incorrigible ( ) adv. that cannot 

be reformed or corrected 
’5i*f Jfiftsf, ^^^1 I 

Incorrigibly adv. beyond hope of correction 
^t»Tl I 

Incorrodible ( ) adj. that cannot 

be corroded 


[ 397 ] 


Incorrupt ( ) adj. pure, uot deprav- 
ed >rt^, 1 

Incorruptible ( ) ndj. that 

cannot be corrupted 

^?[1? I Incorrup- 
tibility, Incorruption n. i 

Incrassatc ( ) v. t. to make thick 

itl^ I -y. i, \5ti *r^ » — adj. of 

swollen form ( in :^nol. ) I 

Increase ( ) ?’• i- to make greater 

0^15 ; to extend 

I — V. i. to grow in size, to ’occorne 
greater 71 f, 3Jt5 I --n. 

growth, addiiion to somcdiing original 
C^fs, ; profit produce ^VSy 

I Increasingly ij^ ^ growing 

manner or degree I 

Increciibiiity ( ), Incrctlibleacss 

n. cpiality of being in; redil>le 

Incredible ( ; adj. that cannot 

1)C believed 


Incredulous ( ) hard of 

belief ^i>>sr1^T, 


Incredulity ( ) ;r. want of iiv li- 

nation to believe i 

Increment ( ) n. act of increasing 

5%, ; that by which anything is 

increased C^1?1 i 

Incremental adj. gradually increasing ^gsrji 

I Incremental pay 
^tfer C^t?f1 I 

Incriminate ( ) n. t to charge 

with a crime or a fault c^tCl ^^1, 

I Incriminatory adj. c*ft^ ^^1, 


Incrust see Encrust. 

Incubate ( ) v. i. to sit on eggs to 
hatch them i — v. t. to hatch 

f? I Incubation n. ^^•\ ; 

meditation ; the period of 

attack and development of a disease 
5Pt»l ' 

Incubus ( ) ii. an evil spirit attack- 
ing person in sleep C*T1'5^^ *1^1 

fH*TtF ; the night m;ue, any oppressive 
and Iionilde influence 
»lf^ I 

Incubator ( ) n. 

IncuScate ( ) v. l. to enforce or 

urge by frequent repetitions 
C^, 'R^l, I Inculcation n. 

^Stfk I 

Inculpate ( ) v. t. to accuse, to 

b. ing into blame 5ft^ 1 

Inculpable adj. blameless 

Incumbency ( ) n. the holding of 

an office ; an 

ecclesiastical benefice CifCT('?R f 

Incumbent ( ) adj. lying on as a 

duty ^t*tJ I —rt. one 

who holds an office ; a benefice 

Incur ( ) V. t. become liable to iftl\ 

$, ; to bring on l To 

incur displeasure ^^ 4 , (Pr ?1 
C<11^1 I To incur a debt=^^ ijt^ ^I’ll 1 Incur 
punishment ^ 1 

Incurable ( ) adj. that cannot 

be cured ’51>rt«n, 


Incursion ( ) an inroad, an inva- 
sion I 

Incursivc ( $54-?ist<-f5'5 ) adj. making an inroad, 
aggressive l 

Incurvate ( ) v. t. to make crooked 

^tsf «T^1 I —adj. C^^1, 


Indebted ( ) adj. being in debt <tl^, 

tttnsi^, «n¥^1 ; obliged I 


[ 398 ] 


Indebtedness n. i 

Indecency ( ) n. anything violating 

^•1, I 

Indecent ( ) adj. oifensivc to modesty, 

obscene i Indecently 

adv. I 

Indecision ( ) n. want o! deci- 


Indecisive ( ) aaj. unsettled 

Indeclinable ( ) adj. not varied 

in termination 

) I 

Indecorous ( ) adj. not becoming 


Indecorum ( ) n. impropriety of 

conduct I 

Indeed ( -1%^' ) adv. in fact, in truth 

Indefatigable ( ) adj. unre- 
mitting I 

Indefeasible ( ) adj. that cannot 

be defeated or made void '8|f^<l1^T, 


Indefensible ( ) adj. that cannot 

be defended or justified '5(<St3t1«r!l, 

C^l3t^1 : I 

Indefinable ( ) adj. that cannot 

be defined ^Jt^d 

Indefinite ( ) adj. not limited, 

vague, not precise 

Indefinitely ( ) adv. without 

limit, vaguely 

Indelible ( ) adj. that cannot be 

effaced CHt?d'4l, ^ i 

Indelibly adj. so as not to be effaced i^fer ?rl 

c^iTcrf^ i 

Indelicacy ( ) n. want of deli- 
cacy ' 

Indemnify ( ) v. t. to secure 
against loss, to make good for damage 
^t*l, ’4^ I 

( with against ) . 

Indemnity ( ) n. sccuriiy from 

-af^vgal ; compcnsalion for loss or injury 

Indent ( ) ^’- notch, to cut 

into points like teeth I — v. i. to 

bargain 4^, 

4 I {Piint) to leave margin to 
begin a new paragrapli ^^41 

I To indent for books on a 
finn-^f4^t^ :4t:?t1 Cttl4lst5T 

4<^ I — n. a notch ^tsr, ; order 

for sending goods 4^ "Sldti*! I 

Indentation n. a hollow, a notch «r|9t, 

^fef, 4^1 f5»t I 

Indenture ( t’5(-C®5T-54 ) n. the act of indent- 
ing ^tW 1 {Law) a deed under seal, 

a written agreement 

Independence ( ) ?!. state of 

being free from control I 

Independent ( ) adj. not dejien- 

dent, not subordinate 
4K41 I 

Independently adv. without dependence 

Indescribable ( ) adj. that 

cannot l)c dcscrilnxl i 

Indestructible ( 

cannot be destroyed / 

Indestructibility n. 

Indeterminable ( ) adj. that 

cannot be determined fst»6^ 4f-^<1 0^151^1, 

Indeterminate ( ) ad uncer- 
tain, not fixed I 


( 399 ] 


Indctcrmincd adj. unsettled 

Index ( ) n. anything that points 

out ; a hand that points to 


C?>1^ ^1 ; a table ol' contents 

in a hook I f /)/.- Indexes 

) I ( math. ) the exponent of 
a power '•‘m Wi (/?/.- Indices ). 

Index-finger y^f<v:'e finger i 

Indian ( ) adj. Ijclonging to the 

Indies East or West 

^QlW I Indian corn n. ni ii/e 

I Red Indian - one of the abori- 

gines of Anu'riea 

Indicate ( ) r. /. to point o'U 

c^f, ^:p«r 4’^, I 

Indication ( ) n. act of indicating, 

mat'k, symjnoni I 

Indicative ( ) alj. pointing out. 

sugg('siivc C4t*(^, ^b4:, 

fjfgi I Indicative mood 

Indict ( ; r. t. to ( Inrgr and sunnnon 

tor trial es])e( ially for riot tKio. 

4t!:4 f4bl4'^ 

r?4 4^'j i 

Indictable ( ) adj. subject to 

indi( (inent ^r-!1 i 

Indictment ( ) a- fi>rm.\l a( a usa- 

lioM 4*4®t 1 rind an 

indictment >f1<lJ^ ^4 i 

Indifference ( ) a. neutrality, 

apathy ^t'e'41'1. 

Indifferent ( ) adj. uninterest- 
ing, neutral, unconcerned C5^tC'5lil, 

I Indiffer- 

ently adv. 

Indigence ( ) n. destitute circum- 
stances, poverty I 

Indigenous ( t=T'f®CW^-isit5 ) adj. native born 

Indigent ( ) adj. needy, poor 


Indigested ( ) adj- diges- 
ted ; not ai ranged 

C^rC5l4l I 

Indigestible ( ) adj. luil easily 

digested C4tr.4l4l, I 

Indigestion ( ^*t-fs-C®rb"-’554 ) n. want of 
digestion I 

Indignant ( ) adj. afi'ei teal with 

anger ^‘^i, I Indignantly 

adv. t 

Indignation ( , anger with 

eoiuempl -sPs, C^14, ®b1&-f4b1l^ i 

Indignity ( ) ?i. eont iinuous 

tre.itiueni, iin ivilily wiih mOniijit 
^>]3'4, '31<!56l, I 

Indigo ( 'i?r!5-‘?f'j ft. a 1)lii<‘ dya' 
from indigo plant i 

Indirect ( ) adj. not direct or 

.st?aig]i( (.'^4*1, 

**1^41*5?^, 1 Indirect evfdcncc eiiaiim- 

staii' ial pro;.fs 4^1^!- 

4fb’^ I Indirect object 4'*t J 

Indirectly { If^C^r^Tcl ) adi. obliquely 

ertnesT i 

Indiscernible ( ) adj. not 

disee.niblc C»i1?1^b fbf'i^ 

C^U^\A^ I 

Indiscipline i 

Indiscreet ( ) adj. imprudent 

^[4C4b4i, I Indiscreetly adv. 

I Indiscretion n. rashness 

Indiscriminate ( ) adj. not 

making any distinction 
C^tnt44l, ^*(t5<t1 I Indiscriminately adv. 


[ 400 ] 




Indispensable ( ) adj. absolu- 
tely necessary l 

Indispensability, Indispensableness n. 
^4u I Indispelisibly adv. 


Indispose ( ) v. t. to render 

averse or unfit 

44 I Indisposed adj. not in; lined 
slightly unwell I 

Indisposition ( ) fi. slight illness 

‘5(1 ; disinclination i 

Indisputable ( ) cdj. certain 

Indissoluble ( ) adj. that can- 

not be broken or violated 514^4 C4tC?;l5l, 


Indissolvablc ( 4®l ) adj. that 

cannot be dissolved C4tJ4l?1, *i\^U 

C4t«t4l, I 

Indistinct ( ) adj. not clear, 

obscure confused ^144 

C4l?!t*^1, > Indistinctness n. 

Indistinguishable ( ) adj. 

that cannot be distinguished 
C4t11t4b C4l4t4l I 

Indite ( ) v. t. to conipoi^ t«l^, <b^^ 

5^4 I 

Indium ( ) n. a plastic kind of metal 

found in America which melts at little 

above body temperature and used lor 

setting broken limbs 'SfS^^f '^^'i 

vflf4*( C«ft4l ^Z‘i\U) I 

Individual ( ) udj. single, 

pertaining to one only of a group 

I — n. a single per- 

son or thing 4lfs*, C^t4, C4tC4l 'H&l 
4^ I 

Individuality ( ) n. oneness, 

separate existence 4]f^^ ^44>'3?, ^44^ 


Individualism ( ) n. indivi- 

dual character 
4}r^4t'f I 

Individually ( ) adv. by itself, 

separately i4:«^C^, 

£}1%£rf4, 4Tf5»^«'5li:4 / 

Indivisible ( ) adj. that whic h 

cannot be divided ^r4®'S', ^^t4 C4l?ft4l I 

Indocile ( ) adj. not teachable 

C4t:5ll4l I Indocility n. 


Indolence ( ; ;/. habitual idlencs? 

C41(:4l^tf^ I 

Indolent ( ) adj. habitually idle 

C5i1t4l»11, c^'\^ I 

Indomitable ( ) adj. that can- 
not Ijc subdued i 

Indoor (^4-'$4) adj. being within the 
house 44^' 441 I 

Indorse see Endorse. 

Indubious ( ) adj. certain f4»64, 


Indubitable ( ) adj. ccjiain 


Induce ( ) v. 1. to prevail on, to per- 
suade ac^T«4 C^f, ^^^1 ; to cause 

or produce in any way ^*^1, i 

iiiducemeiit ( ) n. anything that 

induces ; 

incentive C‘4l54 I 

Induct V. i. to produce 5JC4*T 

441, l^^^ possession ol' 

a benefice 44 I 

Inductile ( ) adj. that cannot be 

drawn out into threads i 

Induction ( ) n. an introduction 

^^J^1 ; introduction of clergyman to an 
office 4I*61‘4C4»I4 444 ; general 

inference derived from particular cases 
4t«<t44 f4^t4, C4ti:4l f4C»14 4t4l4 ®Wtl?4«l 
i9\ vfl^l f444 I 


[ 401 ] 


Inductive ( ), Inductional adj. 

leading to general conclusion from par- 
ticular cases 
n4l I 

Indue see Endue. 

Indulge ( ) V. t. to yield to the 

wishes of *• (with in.) to 

^^91 • 

Indulgence ( ) n. forcbcarancc 

of restraint ; remission of 

punishment ¥1^, ; gratification 


Indulgent ( ) adj. compliant, 

not severe vtt 

I Indulgently adv. 

f*r, I 

Indurate ) v. t. to harden as 

the feelings I — v. i, to grow hard 

^ 5 • 

Industrial ( ) adj. consisting 
in industry a^T 


Industrious ( ) adj. diligent, 

laborious 9^91, I 

Industry ( ) n. assiduity ; 

steady application to labour a«, 

; manufacture 95t^r, faa ; 

trade C991 Industrial school =fai| 


Indwelling ( ) adj. dwelling 
within f%^9l, I 

Indweller n. an inhabitant 9tfwl \ 

Inebriate ( /. to intoxicate 

^9 I — adj. drunk 

I — -n. a drunkard i 

Inebriation, Inebriety ( ) 

n. drunkenness 9^91 


Inedible ( ) adj. not to be eaten 
WSW], <ft9 C51t99l I 


Ineffable ( ) adj. unspeakable 

Ineffective ( ) adj. not effective, 

useless i3«i i 

Ineffectual ) adj. fruitless 

tl®! I 

Inefficacious ( ) adj. not pro- 
ducing effect I 

Inefficacy ( ) n. want of efficacy 

Inefficiency ( ) n. incapability 

^>^5131, I 

Inefficient ( ) adj. not capable 

of effecting anything 

Inelastic ( ) adj. not elastic f^f^- 

; tight ^ y\Km ; 

unadaptable <r1^ »19tai 1 

Inelegance ( ) n. want of 

elegance ^r»rt^JT, ^*^1 C-rft&l 9r99l 

fl*l, 1 

Inelegant ( ) adj. wanting in 

beauty or refinement 
9;iC»Tt^1, ^*^1 ;^t^1 I Inelegantly 

adv. 'gf*(9tt9> I 

Inelegibility ( ) n. unsuita- 
bleness W'R I 

Ineligible ( ) adj. not worthy 

or capable of being chosen 9if999 

vf9«it?r9r » 

Inept ( ) adj. not apt or fit, inexpert 

I Ineptly adv. fooli- 
shly i 

Inequality ( ) n. want of 

equality ; dissimila- 

rity ac^, al«f9ST 1 

Inequitable ( ) adj. unfair, 

unjust I 

Inequity ( ) n. lack of equity 
'SrtF^'l, ’®[f95t9 I 

Inert ( ) adj. dull, senseless 

>rf9^ ; inactive viliri^9l, ; 


[ 402 ] 


powerless to move 

I Inertness w. i 

Inertia ( ) «• inertness ; the 

inherent properly of matter to remain 
in the same state of motion or rest 

; inertness 

Inestimable ( ) adj. that cannot 

be estimated ; priceless 

c^t»T c^tr^t^i I 

Inevitable ( ) adj. that cannot 

be avoided 

C»tt?I^1 I Inevitableness n. Inevitably adv. 

Inexact ( ) adj. not precisely 

correct i 

Inexcusable ( ) adj. un- 
pardonable i 

Inexhauated (tar- ) adj. not ex- 
hausted ^rt^, I 

Inexhaustible ( ) adj. not able 

to be exhausted 'st'sitjt, l 

Inexhaustive adj. 'epvtf, i 

Inexistence ( ) n. 


Inexorable ( ) adj. not to be 

moved by entreaty ^t^f% 

caflUTl ; unrelenting ; unchangeable 


Inexpedient ( ) adj. not suit- 
able, inconvenient l 

Inexpedience, Inexpediency n. i 

Inexperience ( ) n. want of 
experience i Inexperi- 
enced adj. unskilled ^^1 


Inexpert ( ) adj. unskilled 

Inexpiable ( ) adj. not able to 

be atoned for 

; inexorable I 

Inexplicable ( ) adj that 

cannot be explained I In- 

explicability n. 

Inexplicit ( ) adj. not clear 

c«rtr»rfF! (RTr5t?[i i 

Inexpressible ( ) adj. unutter- 
able '51^44*1? I 

Inextinguishable ( ) adj. 

that cannot be quenched C^^Tl, 


Inextricable ( ) adj. not able 

to be extricated C^t?Rl, '5|rsit5^'tl, 

(RT3^1 I 

Infallible ( ) adj. incapable of 

error, certain 1^^ l 

Infallibility n. qtf^ i 

Infamous ( ) adj. notoriously vile 

Infamy ( ) n. public disgrace, ill- 


I ( (L. in =not ; /am<? == favour) . 

Infancy ( ) n. childhood 

; the begin- 
ning of anything ^tf? I 

Infant ( ) n. a babe ; a 

person under twenty one years of age 
I — adj, belonging to infancy, 

tender ; 

Infanta ( ) n. a legitimate daughter 
of the king of Spain or Portugal 

Infante ( ) n. ^1w- 


Infanticide ) n. child murder 

I Infantile, Infantine adj. pertain- 
ing to infancy or an infant 

^*T*r?r I 

Infantry ( ) ”• soldiers 

t>T»D 'l 

Infatuate ( tq-ctFl5^-‘il& ) v. t. to make foolish 


[ 403 ] 

^ ; to stupefV 

I Infatuation n. 

^UT^fTl « 

Infanst ( ) adj. unlucky 'Situs, 


Infeasible ( ) adj. not feasible 

Infect ( ) V. t. to taint with disease 

cAt5^ ; to corrupt i 

Infection ( ) n. act of infecting 


Infectious ( ) adj. apt to spread 
C%6^1 1 Infectiousness n. i 

Infecundity ( f5 } n. unfruitfulness 

«ITO, W»lt5l I 

Infelicitous ( ) adj. not happy 

; inapt i 

Infelicity ( ) n. misery, misfortune 

^5TI, ^4r*n ; anything unsuitable 
5PT4i I 

Infer ( ) v. t. to deduce as a conse- 
quence fwf« ; imply 

^W\ I r. to conclude ^ t ( />• 

Inferred ). 

Inferable ( ) adj. that may be 

inferred J 

Inference ( ) n. conclusion, that 

which is inferred ^^1^ i 

Inferential ( ) adj. deduced by 
inference flffins, C^1iSl l 

Inferior ( ) adj. lower in any 


; subordinate i 

Inferiority ( ) n. lower position 

in any respect I 

—complex ; a feeling of inferi- 
ority I 

Infernal ( ) adj. belonging to the 

lower regions *11^^ ; devillish 

Inferno ( ) n. 'Sf^^ i 

Infest ( ) V. t. to disturb, to harass 

^^y 5R ; to haunt 

»1 I 

Inbbulation ( ) n. 7(sp^? c^^tl 

?ltf^ CAln I 

Infidel ( ) adj. unbelieving, sceptical 
^Ifh^y \—n. 

C9\1^ I 

Infidelity ( ^^f^-ct5f^i5 ) n. want of faith, 
disbelief in Cliristianity ; 

unfaithfulness i 

Infilter ( ) n. to filter i 

Infiltrate i 


C^*f^ 5rtt5 ^^*1 I 

Infinite ( ) adj. without end or 
limit 1 — n. the infinite 

Being I 

Infinitely ( ) adv. endlessly 

Infinitesimal ( ^-f^sr-^^-vafF-C^ ) adj. in- 
finitely small i 

Infinity ( ) n. boundlessness, 

countless number 

Infinitive ( ) adj. ( gram. ) 
without limitation of person or number 
C5!ptRi ) ; 


Infirm ( ) adj. feeble, weak 

Infirmary ( ) n. a hospital for 

the treatment of the invalid ^t^t9nr, 
c»lt^ » 

Infirmity ( ) n. disease, defect 
; imbecility 

^9T1 > 

Infix ( ) V. t. to drive or fix in C^TtW, 

Inflame ( isr-CIP’'S[ ) v. t. to cause to burn, to 
set on fire »l^1, ; to excite 

5R ; to exasperate ’tft C5t»T I — v. i. to 

t 404 ] 

become hot, painful or angry 
C5^ri5(61 I 

IniSammable ( ) adj. that may be 
easily kindled or excited, combustible 

Inflammation ( ) n. state of being 

in flame ; a redness and swel- 
ling ^ ^Tl, 

violent excitement l 

Inflammatory ( t5T-i:|P-'S[-vil ) adj. inflaming, 
frot? «R^ I 

Inflate ( ) v. t. to swell with air, to 

elate f^l, I Inflated adj. 

swollen I Inflation n. 

state of being puffed up 

Inflect (^-CJP’^) V. t. to bend in 
C^tSl, t*I1 ; to modulate ( gram, ) W 
T( *rsjRin I 

Inflection ( ) , Inflexion n. bending 

; modulation of the voice 

>lt<R 1 

Inflectional, Inflexional ( ) adj, 

subject to inflection >ft«R 

Inflexibility ( ) n. stiffness, 

obstinacy n*!, 

Wtf^ I 

Inflexible ( ) adj. unbending, 

unyielding C^TtW, wtwi \ 

Inflexiire ( ) n. a bend ^or i 

Inflict ( ) V. t. to lay on, to impose, 

as punishment f^Tf, ( c^Pf ) j 

^ I 

InfllCtiOB ( ) n. act of imposing 

f^5T, »rtf^ f^urr^t, ^f'o I 

Inflktive ( ) adj. tending to inflict 

Infloresfsence ( ) n. mode of 

flowering of a plant ifW 'ci^FTl, 



Inflow ( ) n. the act of flowing into 

Influence ( ) n. power exerted on 
men or things *1%, 

; authority I — V. t. to 

move, to persuade ^t-tl 
'SF’JTl ; to direct '5rtr»f«f I ( L. in--=into ; 
fluere ~io flow ). 

Influential { ) adj. exerting 
influence or power ^?r5t*rt^ ; 

Influenza ( ) n. an epidemic 

sf-ftl I 

Influx ( ) n. act of flowing in, 

abundant accession fsR 

I Influxion n. infusion 

Infold ( Jpeg'S ) or Enfold