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( 120 ) 

VI. — Account of Two Expeditions in Central Africa by the Furanys. 

Communicated by Dr. Barth, through Charles Beke, Esq., F.K.G.S. 

Read Jan. 24, 1853. 

I send a short account of two expeditions made by the Furanys, accompanied 
by a man whom I have already had many reasons to mention in my accounts 
of Eastern Sudan. This man, the faki Sambo, is the son of a learned Fellani, 
and author of a history of Haussa. He is himself well acquainted with 
Iflatun (Plato) and Aristaw (Aristotle), whose works be possesses; and 
knows the modern history of the tribes and countries where he now resides. 
He resided a long; time in Darfur, at Fayo, one day S. of Ammajura. 

Starting from Korio, a market-place about 30 English miles S. of Teudelti, 
you arrive on the — 

1st day at Kirano, a Fellan village. 

2nd ,, Kirro, a settlement of the Beni HSlba. 

3rd ,, Nitaega, a village peopled by Fellan and Bornu people. 

4th ,, Jakhna, of the Beni Hiilba, with their Sheikh Mahe. 

5th ,, , a mountain inhabited by the Dajo. 

6th ,, Simmama, the seat (about 30 years ago) of Abadima, the 

governor of the Said. 
7th ., Nyala, a place inhabited by Furanys. 
8th „ Soluj. 
9th „ Ammajura. 
This road is the westernmost of the three itineraries collected by me, but 
does not touch the Jebel Mara, which does not extend so far south as has 
been supposed. Direction, S., a little W. 

After he had settled at Fayo the faki Sambo accompanied two expeditions 
from these southern regions to Darfur, one thirty and the other twenty-eight 
years ago. 

Before giving an account of these expeditions I send a short itinerary from 
Ammajura to the copper mines, known throughout the whole of the eastern 
part of Sudan under the name of el Hqfrah. 

1st day Dar Barra, a district inhabited by the Massalit. 

2nd „ e' Siref, tarf e' dar, that is to say, the southernmost place of 

Darfur. 
3rd ,, Rijl ol Garret, a standing water in the wilderness. 
4th ,, Gosdango, another resting-place, without constant inhabitants. 
5th ,, AugiUko, temporarily frequented by Habbane, and by Fellan 

cattle-breeders. 
6th „ Ilebo. 

7th ,, El Hofrah, a large place inhabited by a mixed population of 
Furanys, Jellabas, Bornouese, Dajo, Nuba, &c. ; close to it 
are the mines, whence copper is obtained, partly in pure 
lumps, partly mixed with earth. 
Direction, S., a little W. 

I now give an account of the second of the two expeditions forming the 
subject of this communication. 

This expedition, starting from Ammajura, reached on the — 

2nd day Idaera, the frontier place of the southern districts of Darfur 

towards the west, and the residence of a governor. 
5th ,, Serir, a settlement of the Dar el Taasha. 
6th „ Dar Ming, a pagan country, situated to the E. of Runga. 



Expeditions in Central Africa. 121 

9th day Binga, another pagan country, bounded towards the E. by 
Gulla, that is to say Gulla el Furany, while Gulla el Wadany 
is situated W.S.W. from Riinga. 

10th „ Shala, a mountainous pagan country, distant only one day from 
el Hofrah. 

12th ,, Lara, likewise mountainous. 

13th „ Wauga, an extensive pagan country, proceeding through which 
the expedition arrived on the 

17th ,, at a small river flowing eastward, and called by them Bahr el 
Adda. 

18th ,, Dar Barida, a pagan country of great extent, bordered towards 
the north by the Bahr el Adda, partly mountainous and 
partly flat, and inhabited by pagans of light copper colour. 
Continuing through this country for 20 days, they reached 
on the 

38th ,, Bimberi, another pagan country of less extent, inhabited by a 
black population. Passing through this flat country for 
three days, the expedition arrived on the 

41st ,, in Kubauda, a large place, extending for about 10 or 12 miles 
along the banks of a river so large that they could with 
difficulty make out persons standing on the southern bank, 
and not fordable. This river runs straight from east to west, 
and is bordered principally by very large trees called kumba, 
which bear a fruit similar to the date. They were told that 
beyond this river there were people with black camels like 
those of the Rufa ; but my informant himself thinks this to 
be merely a joke. Not being able to cross the river, the 
expedition retraced its steps from Kubauda. The colour of 
the people is black. 
Direction, as far as Dar Ming W., very little S. ; from thence directly S. 
Mate of travelling, about 20 English miles per day. 

Theirs* of the two expeditions took the same direction as the second as far 
as the Bahr el Adda ; but, after having crossed that river, they turned west, a 
little south; and, passing through Dar Banda in that direction for 15 days, 
and crossing many watercourses, they entered Bimberi, which country en- 
circles Banda from S. to W. With these people they fought several times, 
but were not able to make many of them slaves ; the enemy fighting desperately, 
cutting the bodies of the slain into pieces, and carrying these on their heads, 
in order to feast on them afterwards, as my informant thinks. Having passed the 
Bimberi they came to several smaller pagan kingdoms, all of which they sub- 
jugated, carrying great numbers of the inhabitants into slavery. Still 
continuing in an almost westerly direction, they finally came to another large 
kingdom, inhabited by a warlike race, called Andoma. This country was 
found to consist of a deep sandy soil, flat, and covered with a great profusion 
of trees, the principal of which were the banana (mm), the butter-tree (tabur 
in Bagirmi), and the olive-tree (zitun), which my informant, who has resided 
several years in Egypt, states to be exactly the same tree as that of the coast 
of the Mediterranean, while the deleb was limited to certain localities. In that 
part of the country my informant saw no river or watercourse whatever. The 
expedition went on for 3 days, driving the inhabitants before them. When 
they came to their capital the enemy collected there in such numbers, and 
fought so desperately with their korbatsh or hand-iron, a sort of double axe 
about two feet in length, entirely made of iron, that the Furanys thought it 
prudent to retire in as honourable a manner as they could. Sending therefore 
their interpreter to Andoma, the king, who was seated on a throne con- 
structed of elephants' tusks, laid one above the other, they presented him 



122 Mr. Kennedy on the Return of the 

with some silken shirts, and made peace with him, but without complying 
with his entreaty that they should encamp on the spot. On the contrary, 
having received a present of 10 oxen and 100 fat sheep, they thought it more 
prudent to make off at a sharp pace towards N. by E., where they came to 
another pagan country called Mara, which my informant thinks must be near 
the country of the Bua. 

I have now to mention a very curious phenomenon of natural history, which 
my informant saw on this expedition, though I am unable to make out, from 
his description, what it really was. Passing the country of Bimberi (?), they 
came suddenly to a spot where the soil, as my informant expresses himself, 
was boiling over the water and bubbling up. They therefore called it Bahr 
el Ardha, " the water-stream of the earth." 



VII. — Report on the Return of Lady Franklin's vessel the Prince 
Albert, under the command of Mr. Win. Kennedy, from the 
Arctic Regions. 

Read Nov. 8, 1852. 
Mr. President, — It having been ascertained during the spring 
of 1851 that an important part of the field of search for the 
missing Arctic expedition could not be explored by any of the 
ships then engaged or about to be engaged in the service, it was 
resolved to equip a supplementary expedition for the examination 
of the portion thus unprovided for. The part alluded to includes 
Prince Regent's Inlet, and the passages or isthmuses connecting 
it with, or dividing it from, the western sea, S.W. of Cape Walker, 
to which latter quarter Sir John Franklin was required by his 
instructions to proceed in the first instance. This search was 
assumed to be necessary on the following grounds : — first, the 
probability of Sir John Franklin having abandoned his vessels to 
the S.W. of Cape Walker; secondly, the fact that when Sir John 
Franklin sailed he believed that an open passage was to be found 
from the westward into the south part of Regent Inlet, according 
to the chart supplied to him from the Admiralty, and which does 
not exhibit the discoveries which have been made by Rae and 
others subsequently to that period ; thirdly, Sir John Franklin, it 
was supposed, would be more likely in retreating to take this 
course through a country known to possess the resources of animal 
life, with the wreck of the Victory in Felix Harbour for fuel, and 
the stores of Fury Beach further north, in view, than to fall back 
upon an utterly barren region of the north coast of America. 
Upon these grounds, and in the absence of any information up to 
that time as to the route Franklin had taken after passing through 
Lancaster Sound, was founded the necessity of an auxiliary expe- 
dition for the special object above stated ; and accordingly, in 
May, 1851, a small vessel, the Prince Albert, was fitted out to