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June, 1S95.3 Leng and Beutenmuller. Coleopt. N. E. Amer. 73 

Fig. 4. Hepialus humuli,—. Head of pupa; mxp, maxillary palpi; mx'.p, labial 
palpi ; /, paraclypeal piece. 

PLATE IV. 
Fig. I. Hepialus humuli. — Side view of larva. 
Fig. 2. Hepialus humul . — Dorsal view of larva. 
Fig. 3. Hepialus hectus. — Side view of larva. 
Fig. 4. Hepialus hectus. —Dorsal view of larva. 



PRELIMINARY HAND-BOOK OF THE COLEOPTERA 
OF NORTH EASTERN AMERICA. 

By Charles W. Leng and Wm. Beutenmuller. 

(Continued from Vol. II, p. 190.) 

Harpalin^e. 

The members of this sub-family have the middle coxal cavities en- 
tirely closed by the central pieces of the meso and metasternum, the 
epimera not attaining the coxa. Head with setigerous puncture over 
the eyes. Thorax with setigerous puncture at the side and posterior 
angle, very rarely without the latter and still more rarely without either. 
Anterior tibiaa always either obliquely sinuate or deeply emarginate 
within, the inner spur remote from the apex. They may be divided 
into two sections, Harpalinae bisetosas, head with two-supra-orbital 
setigerous punctures, and Harpalinas unisetosse, which have the head 
with one supra-orbital setigerous puncture. The former contain all the 
genera from Panagceus to Helluomorpha inclusive, and the latter from 
Brachynus to Anisodactylus inclusive. 

Panagseus Lat. 

Head more or less constricted behind the eyes and dilated to a 
semi-globular neck ; clypeus prolonged beyond the base of mandibles, 
which are scissor-like ; antennae arising from under a distinct frontal 
ridge, three basal joints glabrous ; terminal joint of maxillary palpi aris- 
ing obliquely from the preceding joint; sides of elytra narrowly in- 
flexed; thorax globular, abruptly constricted behind. Found under 
stones during May and June. 

Synopsis of Species. 
Elytra black with two large red spots extending from the margin to the first or 

second striae crucigertls 

Elytra red with a transverse black band behind the middle and another at the tip, 

fasciatus 



?4 Journal New York Ent. Soc. [Vol. in. 

P. crucigerus Say. — Hirsute ; head and thorax black ; elytra with 
four large red spots ; thorax with numerous deeply punctatures, globular, 
abruptly constricted behind, angles acute; elytral striae and punctures 
deep. Length .45 inch =11 mm. 

Habitat : N. Y.,N . J. and southward. 

P. fasciatus Say. — PI. V, Fig. 1 — Hirsute; head and thorax ferru- 
gineous, the latter deeply punctured and abruptly constricted behind ; 
elytra red with a transverse black band behind the middle and at the 
tip, strise and punctured deep and distinct. Length .32 inch = 8 mm. 

Habitat: N. Y., N. J. and southward. 

Nomius Lap. 

Antennae somewhat moniliform, arising from a distinct frontal 
ridge; head stout, oval, neck broad; eyes prominent: labrum short, 
broadly emarginate ; mandibles arcuate, with a feeble tooth on the 
inner edge at middle, and a setigerous puncture outside ; body pedun- 
culate, scutellum not visible between the elytra; elytra slightly margined 
at base near the hind angles ; tarsi not dilated. 

Occur under stones in moist places. 

N. pygtnseus — Dej. Piceous elytra elongate, sides parallel, 
striated, punctured ; legs rufous, thorax broader in front than behind. 
Convex, slightly rounded anteriorly at sides ; anterior angles obtusely 
rounded, hind angles straight. Length .28 inch = 7 mm. 

Habitat: N. J., Can., Lake Sup., southward and westward to 
California, also Europe. 

Patrobus Dej. 

Medium size : Head more or less constricted behind the eyes or 
transversely impressed ; elytra not margined at base ; terminal joint of 
the palpi more or less cylindrical and obtuse at the tip, that of the labial 
palpi as long as the preceding ; elytra elongate sides sub-parallel. 

The members of this genus superficially resemble Nebria. Live 
under stones in damp places. 

Synopsis of Species. 
Disc of thorax convex, hind angles with a rather deep fossa ; head behind the eyes 
constricted. 

Last two joints of maxillary palpi equal, longicomis 

Last two joints unequal, terminal longer, septentrionis 

Disc of thorax flat, subquadrate, hind angles depressed without fossa ; terminal joints 
of maxillary palpi equal. 

Hind trochanter of male and female one-third the length of the thigh, 
rugicollis 



[June, i8 9S . Leng and Beutenmuller. Coleopt. N. E. Amer. 75 

P. longicornis Say — PI. V., Fig. 2 — Black above, piceus be- 
neath; antennae rufous; feet testaceous; mouth parts rufous; thorax 
somewhat broader than long, convex, sinuate behind, angles rectangu- 
lar, dorsal line deep, basal impression rounded. anrL punctured ; elytra 
with sides sub-parallel, striae deep and distinctly punctured, intervals 
convex on the disc, flattened at the sides; antennae half as long as the 
body. Length .52 inch =13 mm. 

Habitat: Northeast America. 

P. septentrionis Dej — Shining black; thorax subcordate, 
rounded anteriorly, sub-sinuate behind, hind angles rectangnlar, sub- 
carinate, dorsal line distinctly impressed ; elytra, elongate-ovate, striae 
with punctures, third interval with three deep punctures; antennae 
rufo-piceous ; legs ferrugineous. Length .40 inch = 10 mm. 

Habitat: New Hampshire to Labrador, westward to Alaska; 
also Siberia and Europe. 

P. rugicollis Rand. — Black, body elongate, femora and tibiae 
black ; knees and tarsi piceus ; head with a few transverse wrinkles ; 
thorax transversely rugose, much flattened, especially at the sides, 
median line profound ; basal region punctured, with the posterior im- 
pressions very rugose ; elytra much depressed, striae punctured, intervals 
flattened. Length .45 = 11.25 mm. 

Habitat : New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and northward. 

Pogonus Dej. 

Size small : Head not constricted behind the eyes ; elytra mar- 
gined at the base ; mentum tooth deeply notched ; ligula with a single 
bristle at the top ; epilobes of mentum acutely toothed. 

The general appearance of this genus is that of Bradycellus . 

P. texanus Chd. — Body short, robust, convex, and of metallic 
blackish green color ; hind angles of thorax rectangular and the base 
each side with two feeble foveae ; elytral striae faint, only the inner ones 
being distinct, and distinctly punctured in front and only finely so be- 
hind, the marginal and sub-marginal striae are confluent in front, the 
latter is almost obsolete, except towards tip, where it is deep ; body 
beneath, blackish brown ; legs testaceous. Length, .28-.32 inch= 7-8 
mm. 

Habitat: N. J. (Atlantic City), Texas. 

Trechus Clair. 
Size small : Elytra almost twice as wide as long or oblong oval ; 



76 Journal New York Ent. Soc. [Vol. in. 

anterior tibiae slightly broader to tip, the emargination extending nearly 
to the middle of the tibiae ; terminal joint of palpi slender, acute at tip, 
that of the labial palpi shorter than the preceding. 

Synopsis of Species. 

Elytra oblong, nearly twice as broad as long, with five or six impressed strise, 

rubens. 

Elytra oblong oval, humeri distinct, with four or five striae, the outer two very feebly 

impressed chalybasus. 

T. rubens Fabr. — Rufo-piceus ; thorax subquadrate, at each side 
of base foveolate ; hind angles obtuse ; elytra oblong oval, with four 
distinct dorsal striae, the outer ones obsolete ; antennae and legs rufo- 
testaceous. Length .20 inch = 5 mm. 

Habitat : Nova Scotia, also Europe. 

T. chalytoeus Dej. — Apterous, jet black, with a bluish gloss; 
thorax, subquadrate, foveolate at each side behind, posterior angles 
nearly straight; elytra oval, with four or five dorsal striae, the outer 
two very feeble ; antennae and legs rufous. Length, .20 inch = 5 mm. 

Habitat : New Hampshire, Lake Superior, westward to Alaska. 
(To be continued. .) 



LOCAL ENTOMOLOGICAL NOTES. 

Members of the New York Entomological Society and all others are solicited 
to contribute to this column their notes on rare captures, local lists and other items of 
interest relating to the insect fauna of New York City and vicinity. 



A LIST OF THE SPIDERS OF LONG ISLAND, N. Y., 
WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES. 

By Nathan Banks. 

Nearly all the spiders in the following list have been collected by my- 
self at or within a few miles of Sea Cliff. Collections in other por • 
tions of the island would doubtless extend the list somewhat ; mostly in 
the line of micro-therididse. About two hundred and forty-four species 
are recorded ; distributed in sixteen families. The Theridida; is, of 
course, the largest, with about seventy-two species ; the Epeiridae next 
with thirty-six ; and the Attidse third with thirty-one species. The 
Attid3e are very well represented, and the Clubionidae and Drassidae