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June, 1922.] Proceedings of the Society. 107 


Meeting of May 3. 

A regular meeting of the New York Entomological Society was held 
at 8 P.M., on May 3, 1921, in the American Museum of Natural History, 
President John D. Sherman, Jr., in the chair with 19 members present. 

In view of the Treasurer's statement as to cost of furnishing reprints, 
it was, on motion of Dr. Lutz, voted to double the charge therefor in future. 

Mr. J. A. Tyson, 626 Ave. H, Brooklyn, was elected an active member. 

Mr. H. B. Weiss read an exhaustive paper on " Gypsy Moth Control 
in New Jersey " which will be printed elsewhere. It was copiously illus- 
trated by photographs and specimens ; and, especially in the astonishing 
figures of the expenditures involved, excited great interest. The spread 
seems to be towards the ocean in New Jersey and Mr. Weiss thought 
something was bound to get by sooner or later. 

Mr. E. A. Bischoff exhibited his collection of the small and difficult 
weevils of the genus Apion, remarking that while among the smallest and 
least known of beetles, their variations in form, in length of snout, in color 
and form of legs, made them of great interest. Of the 28 species in the 
New Jersey List, 25 had been collected as well as 3 more probably new. 
The food plants of 9 species are known. Long series, carefully mounted 
by Mr. Bischoff and identified by Mr. H. C. Fall, were exhibited. 

Dr. Bequaert in reviewing Carpenter's " Naturalist on Lake Victoria " 
gave a minute account of that author's remarks on sleeping sickness and 
of his own observations thereon while in Africa, using lantern slides to 
illustrate his remarks. 

The impossibility of the disease being transmitted in this country, 
where the tsetse fly does not occur, was emphasized. 

Meeting of October 4. 

A regular meeting of the New York Entomological Society was held 
at 8 P.M., on October 4, 1921, in the American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, President John D. Sherman, Jr., in the chair, with 24 members 
and two visitors present. 

The Curator announced that the second and fourth Saturday of each 
month would find him in attendance in his room on the fifth floor, for 
the benefit of those wishing to study the local collection. 

Mr. Davis proposed Mr. John Tee-Van for active membership. 

Mr. Barber proposed Mr. Mortimer D. Leonard. 

On motion by Mr. Woodruff, the by-laws were suspended and both 
gentlemen were immediately elected. 

The President called for notes on summer collecting. 

108 Journal New York Entomological Society, tvoi. xxx. 

Mr. Olsen exhibited an entirely red specimen of Acanalonia bivittata. 
an entirely blue Drachitlacephala mollipes, the second New Jersey specimen 
of Caresa albescens, and Archasia belfragei. 

Mr. Dickerson spoke of his local collecting trips with Mr. Bischoff 
and of the excellence of some of the localities. 

Mr. Neilsen described his results in collecting Mantids. 

Mr. Tee-Van mentioned some of his successes in British Guiana, and 
promised to speak at greater length at a subsequent meeting. 

Messrs. Mutchler, Quirsfeld and Angell spoke briefly. 

Mr. Shoemaker had been as usual very active with visits to Wayne Co., 
Pa., in June, Washington in July and again in September. 140 traps were 
planted along the Potomac River and Cabin John Run, and with the help 
of Messrs. Davis and Nicolay. 33 Cychrus and countless other insects 
were found in the molasses. Some of the Cychrus were found under 
stones and logs. 

Dr. Lutz had made several trips to Interstate Park and Brown's 
Mills, N. J., in his new camping, collecting automobile (of which photo- 
graphs were shown), with a view of testing its capability for work in the 
Rocky Mts. next summer. 

Mr. Woodruff, collecting near Litchfield, Conn., had added a few beetles 
to the Conn, list and some new facts re Membracids. He mentioned also 
with pleasure visits from Professor Wheeler and Wm. Beebe. 

Mr. Nicolay had also spent much of the summer in the field. Besides 
being in Washington with Messrs. Shoemaker and Davis, he had sifted as- 
siduously for Pselaphidae at Montclair and Avon and had made one exten- 
sive trip to the summit of Mt. Washington with Mr. Mason of Philadelphia. 
There in June Carabidse were abundant, but collecting otherwise had been 

Mr. Davis had preferred to visit warmer climates than Mt. Washington 
and spoke of his visit to Colonel Robinson's home on the James River, 
Virginia, and the trip to Washington, when he stayed with Clarence Shoe- 
maker in Georgetown. One of the results of this trip is the note on 
Katydids published in " Miscellaneous Notes " in which one of the results 
of his nocturnal wanderings on Staten Island also appears. He exhibited 
these Katydids and a female of the large black bot-fly Cuterebra buccata, 
taken at Tottenville, Staten Island, June 3, 1921. The fly when first seen 
was hovering about the low vegetation in a narrow lane. It flew away but 
returned, and again hovered about the low plants, when it was captured. 
He suggested that the insect might have been in the act of laying eggs in 
a suitable spot frequented by rabbits. Those animals often return again 
and again to the same place to feed, and he instanced a garden in Virginia 
where they paid particular attention to one part of a row of beans. On 
behalf of Mr. Edward J. Burns, he showed a female Cuterebra cuniculi col- 
lected at Sand's Point on Long Island, July 2, 1921. In this instance the 
fly was a little distance out on a meadow bordering the salt marsh. 

June, 1922.] Proceedings of the Society. 109 

Mr. Davis also presented a bound copy of his papers on Cicadas here- 
tofore published in the Journal. 

Mr. Barber described his unusual experiences at Indian Lake, 23 miles 
by stage from North Creek in the Adirondacks, where, at an elevation of 
1,600 ft., in August he had found many rare Hemiptera hiding amid the 
basal leaves of mullein. He promised to give more details at the next 

Dr. Marchand described his success at Mendham, N. J., in sieving the 
larvae of Chrysops and Tabanid flies from the mud of brooks and ponds 
with a kitchen strainer and in subsequently rearing some adults. Later in 
the summer he had observed some new facts in the oviposition of Mega- 

Mr. Engelhardt had also some experiences with Megarhyssa to relate, 
especially of males waiting for female to emerge. He spoke also of his 
success in tracing early stages of clear-wings and of finding a new species 
in flat white topped aster. He had made two auto trips to Vermont and 
had found Hepialidae there ; and a trip to Washington during which he 
visited Plummer's Island and found a rare species of Papaipema now in 
the hands of Mr. Bird. Mr. Engelhardt described with enthusiasm the pack 
rats of Plummer's Island and the persimmons of nearby Virginia. 

Mr. Ruckes described the eggs, i mm. long, of certain Tingitidae he 
had found in the New Jersey pine barrens and the pushing off by the 
emerging nymph of the lid at one end. 

Dr. Bequaert spoke of a visit to Boston where he found one of Prof. 
Wheeler's students working out an interesting and novel method of studying 
life history of Chrysid wasps. He showed also an illustration of the varia- 
tions in the markings of the palm weevil, in the Guide to Nature, and a 
Boston and Maine R. R. folder, in which illustrations of Mt. Washington 
butterflies appeared with text by C. W. Johnson, who had given them to 
him. Dr. Bequaert had also visited Washington and while there found on 
Plummer's Island the fossorial wasp since described by Nathan Banks as 
Entomognathus memorialis. Then he went to Ithaca and in company with 
Prof. Bradley investigated the tract of wild land known as McLean Bogs, 
which had been presented to Cornell University by the uncle of Mr. J. T. 
Lloyd, and found among other interesting things a bright red ant, Aphano- 
gaster tennesseensis, nesting in very moist stumps. 

Dr. Bequaert also contributed to the minutes newspaper clippings relat- 
ing to a visitation of fleas in the city. 

Dr. Sturtevant said he would speak later of his year and a half in 
California and mentioned only his discovery of Drosophila sigmoidea at 
Fort Lee, N. J., on October 2. 

Mr. Bell had devoted his summer to collecting Hesperiidse on Long 

Mr. Hall had spent two weeks collecting butterflies in the Rocky Mts. 

110 Journal New York Entomological Society. t Vo1 - xxx - 

Mr. Johnson had made an interesting observation on the behavior 
of Polistes wasps, whose nest was destroyed late in the summer ; whereupon 
they apparently despaired of completing another, and took possession of 
a deserted nest of Vespa maculata. 

This prompted Mr. Engelhardt to tell of a Vespa crabro nest in a 
shelter in Prospect Park, with an upper and lower entrance and containing 
hundreds of these large wasps. Many unsuspecting persons use the seats in 
the shelter and though their heads are only four or five feet from the nest, 
no one has yet been stung. 

Mr. Davis said he believed Vespa could actually be tamed. He knew of 
a nest near a window sash that was continually being raised and lowered 
without annoyance to the wasps. 

Mr. Leng told of the re-discovery by Warren Knaus of Cicindela nevadica. 

Mr. Sherman spoke of the success of Chas. B. Wilson at Fairport, Iowa, 
in breeding water beetles and of the great changes, due to increased tourist 
travel, in the White Mts. where all the accommodations are constantly in 
use and it is now not unusual to meet fifty people a day on the trails. 
Mr. Sherman mentioned his acquisition of the correspondence of Philip R 
Uhler and of its extraordinary interest from the number of people who had 
appealed to Uhler for entomological aid. 

Mr. A. G. Penrod, 516 West 175th St., exhibited, as a vistor, about 
forty photographs of entomological subjects. They were all on 8 x 10 
plates, taken by such skilful management of the light that every detail 
was reproduced. 

Meeting of October 18. 

A regular meeting of the New York Entomological Society was held 
on October 18, 1021, at 8 P.M., in the American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, President John D. Sherman, Jr., in the chair, with 22 members 
and 4 visitors present. 

Mr. Davis announced that the Brooklyn Museum had on exhibition in 
the main hall Mr. Shoemaker's large picture of butterflies and moths, in 
which hundreds of species are represented in color. The extraordinary 
patience and skill which have contributed to produce this accurate piece 
of work make its completion one of the entomological events of the year. 

Mr. Davis called attention also to the article by Mr. Weiss in The 
Scientific Monthly on " Field Crop Yields in New Jersey from 1876 to 
1919" as an example of splendid statistical work, bringing out clearly the 
increased productivity of New Jersey farms and the causes ; and to an 
interesting article by P. M. Buck, Jr., entitled " In Praise of Ants," pub- 
lished in the Independent and Weekly Review, from which he read some 
entertaining selections. 

Mr. Barber read a paper " Collecting Hemiptera in the Adirondacks " 
illustrated by several boxes of specimens. The locality was Sabael, on 
Indian Lake, in Hamilton County, at elevations of 1,800 feet or more. Among 
the basal leaves of mullein, Sphwrobius insignis, resembling a fairly large 

Tune, 1922.] Proceedings of the Society. Ill 

black ant in behavior as well as appearance, was not uncommon. Hiding 
in the dead leaves and moss among the grass roots he found Ptochiomera 
ferruginea, a species hitherto rare in collections, Plinthisus compactus, 
Kolenetrus planus, Xestocoris nitens, Stygnocoris ferrugineus and Trapezo- 
notus arenarius. In the thick layers of leaves of several years accumu- 
lation, several other species were found, and in the moss that grew in damp 
shady spots still more, including the European Sciocorus microphthalmus 
and Stynocoris rusticus. Along with these Hemiptera, mostly obtained by 
sifting, were many beetles which had been turned over to Mr. Notman ; 
and to take in a single summer five or six rare species in such numbers, 
Mr. Barber characterized as quite an event. 

Mr. Barber mentioned that the Homoptera shown had been identified 
by Mr. C. E. Olsen. 

Dr. Bequaert delivered an address on " Hymenoptera Accidentally or 
Purposely Introduced in the United States " on which subject he said his 
studies, while still incomplete, showed about 50 such species already, of 
which 19 were certainly intentional introductions. The difficulty of sepa- 
rating circumpolar from introduced species of early date ; the history of the 
introduction of hymenopterous parasites to combat economic pests ; and the 
early records of honeybees were given with references to early travels, 
etc., in which mention of them had been found. The causes which pre- 
vented rapid dispersal in some instances were discussed by Dr. Bequaert 
and by several members at the close of his remarks.