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AMERICAN ART NEWS 



AMERICAN ART NEWS. 



Entered as second-class mail matter, February 5, 1909, 

at New York Post Office under the Act 

March 3, 1879. 

Published Weekly from Oct. IS to June 1 inclusive, 
Monthly from June 15 to Sept. 15 inclusive. 

AMERICAN ART NEWS CO., INC., 

Publishers. 

15-17 East 40th Street. 

Tel. 7180 Murray Hill. 
JAMES B. TOWNSEND, President and Treasurer, 

15-17 East 40th Street. 

REGINALD TOWNSEND, Secretary, 

15-17 East 40th Street. 
CHICAGO— Thurber Gallery. 
WASHINGTON, D. C— F. A. Schmidt, 

719—13 St., N. W. 
LONDON OFFICE— 17 Old Burlington St. 
PARIS OFFICE — 19 Rue Caumartin. 



SUBSCRIPTION RATES. 

YEAR, IN ADVANCE $2.00 

Canada (postage extra) .... .50 

Foreign Countries ------ 2.75 

Single Copies ------ .10 

COPIES FOR SALE 
Brentano's, 5th Ave. and 27th St. 
LONDON— 17 Old Burlington St. 
PARIS— 19 Rue Caumartin. 
CHICAGO— Thurber Gallery. 

WHERE THE AMERICAN ART NEWS 
CAN BE FOUND IN EUROPE. 

AMSTERDAM. 
Frederick Muller & Co 16 Doelenstraat 

BERLIN. 
American Woman's Club ... 49 Munchenerstrasse 

Ed. Schulte 75 Unter den Linden 

G. von MaUmann Anhaltstrasse 5 

BRUSSELS. 
Credit Lyonnais 84 Rue Royale 

DUSSELDORF. 

Galerie Alfred Flechtheim Alleestrase 7 

HAGUE. 

Theo. Neuhuys 9 Oranjestraat 

LONDON. 

American Express Co Haymarket 

MUNICH. 

Galerie Heinemann 5, Lenbachplatz 

PARIS. 

Brooklyn Daily Eagle 53 Rue Cambon 

Morgan, Harjes & Cie .... 31 Boul. Haussmann 

American Express Co 11 Rue Scribe 

Munroe et Cie 7 Rue Scribe 

Thomas Cook & Son Place de 1' Opera 

Student Hostel ... 93 Boulevard Saint-Michel 
The American Art Students' Club 4 rue de Chevreuse 
Lucien Lefebvre-Foinet 2 Rue Brea 



public market place for . works of art 
and tried out on a larger scale. 

Mr. Bellows writes as forcefully as 
he paints and his good letter, follow- 
ing Mr. Henri's good article, will stir 
up the dry bones in this not over lively 
art season. We welcome other ex- 
pressions of opinion on this subject so 
important to American art interests. 



BUREAU OF EXPERTIZING. 

Advice as to the placing at public or 
private sale of art works of all kinds, pic- 
tures, sculptures, furniture, bibelots, etc., 
will be given at the office of the American 
Art News, and also counsel as to the value 
of art works and the obtaining of the best 
"expert" opinion on the same. For these 
services a nominal fee will be charged. Per- 
sons having art works and desirous of dis- 
posing or obtaining an idea of their value 
will find our service on these lines a saving 
of time, and, in many instances, of unneces- 
sary expense. It is guaranteed that any 
opinion given will be so given without re- 
gard to personal or commercial motives. 



MACDOWELL JURY SYSTEM. 

The interesting letter from George 
Bellows, the artist, which we publish 
elsewhere in this issue, in advocacy of 
Robert Henri's recently announced 
plan for the substitution of a series of 
successive group exhibitions, the mem- 
bers of each group exhibiting to act 
as their own jurors — for the present 
system of juries still in vogue in the 
large American art institutions which 
hold regular exhibitions — will be read 
with interest by not only artists, but 
collectors and art lovers and further 
carries on the controversy which Mr. 
Henri started. 

This group Jury idea was originated 
by Mr. Henri three years ago at the 
opening of the gallery of the Mac- 
Dowell Club in this city, and seems to 
have worked well in that compara- 
tively small show place. As Mr. Bel- 
lows well says, however, the system 
should be expanded to a Democratic 



AS THE YEAR CLOSES. 

The closing days of this fateful year 
bring many reflections of a new nature. 
Never in the memory of the oldest liv- 
ing artist, collector or dealer has a year 
brought such a complete reversal and 
upheaval of the very nature of things 
in the world of art as that which is now 
passing. 

While the fact that art is more or 
less a luxury, and that the artist and 
dealer, in particular, are dependent 
upon the vicissitudes of the commer- 
cial world — there has been some mar- 
ket for the wares of the artist and deal- 
er, some activities that produced, not 
only interest, but needed revenue, in 
all the years of the past two centuries, 
in Europe at least. It lias taken the 
breaking out and continuance of the 
long-feared "Armageddon," with its 
earthquake effect upon the financial 
markets of the world, to destroy the 
long-cherished belief that art is always 
in demand, although "Kings and 
Thrones may perish." 

The paralysis, for it can be rightly 
given no other name, that came to the 
art world in early August last, and 
from which it is now only slowly re- 
covering, was so utterly unexpected 
that it is still difficult to realize. 

But, as the weeks pass and sober, sec- 
ond thought comes to those whose liveli- 
hood depends upon the art market — it is 
beginning to be realized that art will 
some day come again into its own, and 
that when the great conflict shall have 
ended, those who have been able to en- 
dure, dealers who have kept their busi- 
ness alive, artists who have painted or 
worked bravely on, and collectors who 
have not become dismayed and unwisely 
sacrificed what of their belongings they 
could find purchasers for, will reap a 
deserved harvest. The really valuable 
works of old and living artists will ap- 
preciate, not depreciate, in value after 
the war. Rembrandts, Raphaels and 
Rubens will not sell for less, but more, 
in days to come, and those living artists 
whose work is good will find a better de- 
mand for it in future. 

The minds of men will turn quickly 
with the coming of Peace, from the too 
long contemplation of the horrors and 
sadness that the war has brought, and 
there will be an art as well as a spiritual 
uplifting, which will create a desire for 
the beautiful. 

"All passes — Art alone 

Enduring stays with us 
The bust outlasts the Throne 

The Coin-Tiberius." 



verses are almost psychologically ap- 
propriate to this Ghristmastide of 1914. 

CHRISTMAS BELLS. 

I heard the bells on Christmas Day 
Their old familiar carols play, 

And wild and sweet 

The words repeat 
Of Peace on earth, good-will to men. 

And thought how, as the day had come 
The belfries of all Christendom, 

Had rolled along 

The unbroken song 
Of Peace on earth, good-will to men. 

'Till ringing, singing on its way 

The world revolved from night to day, 

A voice, a chime, 

A chant sublime 
Of Peace on earth, good-will to men. 

Then from each black, accursed mouth 
The cannon thundered in the South, 

And with the sound 

The carols drowned 
Of Peace on earth, good-will to men. 

It was as if an earthquake rent 
The hearth-stones of a continent, 

And made forlorn 

The households born 
Of Peace on earth, good-will to men. 

And in despair I bowed my head, 
'There is no peace on earth, I said, 

'For hate is strong 

'and mocks the song 
'Of Peace on earth, good-will to men.' 

Then pealed the bells more loud and deep 
God is not dead, nor doth he sleep, 

The Wrong shall fail, 

The Right prevail, 
With Peace on earth, good-will to men. 



News from the Trenches. 

Editor American Art News. 
Dear Sir: 

My many American friends I have not 
forgotten and I often regret I will not see 
them as long as this war keeps going. 
However, J think of you all a good big lot 
and remain just as interested in art matters 
as ever. Please give my greetings through 
your valuable journal to my many artist 
friends and accept for yourself my best 
wishes and remembrances. 
Sincerely yours, 

Edouard Ziegler. v 
France (Name of place deleted by Censor) 

Nov. 28, 1914. 



OBITUARY. 



Charles H. Rutan. 
Charles H. Rutan, 63 years old, of the 
architectural firm of Shepley, Rutan & Cpol- 
idge of Boston and Chicago died Dec. 17 at 
his home in Brookline. Mr. Rutan was born 
at Newark, and became asociated with Gam- 
brill & Richardson, New York architects, 
with whom he remained until 1878. Then 
Mr. Richardson moved to Brookline, and 
Mr. Rutan went with him. In 1886 he 
formed a partnership -with George F. Shep- 
ley and Charles A. Coolidge. Mr. Rutan 
was a member of the Boston Society of Ar- 
chitects, the American Institute of Archi- 
tects and was a trustee of the Constantino- 
ple Colege. His wive and" two daughters 
survive him. 



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CHRISTMAS (1862-1914) 

The following now, alas, almost for- 
gotten verses, were written by Long- 
fellow in the darkest hours (from the 
Northern or Union viewpoint) of the 
Civil war — those of the closing days of 
1862. 

It seems to the Art News that the 



France, Mother of the Arts. 

To the Editor of the 

American Art News. 

A new era for France is about to begin. 
The darkest hour precedes dawn, and while 
Germany proclaims "Finis Galliae," instead 
of being stricken off the map of Europe, 
France will continue for centuries to come, 
to give birth to writers, to artists and to 
soldiers. 

But if Europe wants to enjoy an era of 
peace and prosperity, the German Empire 
must be broken up, and after the first great 
defeats that the Allies will now, soon in- 
flict upon it, it will not take more than a 
flick of the finger for the old dislike of the 
German southern states for Prussia to re- 
vive, and therefore to upset the whole edifice 
of the German Empire. 

That edifice is no more the fatherland of 
Goethe, of Lessing, of Schiller and Kant, 
but the Germany of Bismarck. May it per- 
ish forever. 

It is responsible for the destruction of the 
University of Louvain and of the Cathedral 
of Rheims, and still the Bismarckian Ger- 
many ought to have respected and under- 
stood such glorious monuments of the best 
Gothic art, when their own is the sparkling 
radiation of the great civilization of France 
in the 12th and 13th centuries. 

The Cathedral of Rheims was more than a 
Church, it was the Parthenon of Christ, the 
symbol of a world already 20 centuries old, 
one of the most magnificent monuments of 
Christianity, and its perfect beauty and in- 
comparable majesty were greater than all 
the edifices of reality or dream. What Will- 
iam the second has destroyed in 1914, Mar- 
I slial von Moltke respected in 1870. Dur- 
ing the eight days that he occupied Rheims, 
he went daily inside the Cathedral, ending 
his visits always by a station in front of the 
Rose Window of the portal. He sat often 
in the chapel of the Cardinal, and gazing at 
the admirable stain-glass, with the most 
harmonious light glaring through it, the 
great tactician seemed to be lost in- religious 
contemplation, his mind wandering far away 
from his bloody visions, absorbed by such a 
spectacle of perfection. 

The vandals of 1914, who have pointed 
their sruns on the monument which aroused 
in 1870 the admiration and respect of their 
great general, prove to what extent, conceit 
and pride, have corrupted whatever their 
race may have once possessed of idealism. 
It is fair to add that German idealism, 
praised too much by Madame de Stael, was 
due to the influence of the French ideas in 
the 17th and 18th centuries, which raised 
Germany far above itself, when it became 
cosmopolitan and therefore humanitarian. 

The marvelous cathedral of Rheims is no 
more, and like Attila, supreme chief of the 
Huns in the fifth century. Kaiser William 
can. in the twentieth century, also truthfully 
say: "Ego sum flagitium Dei." 

Edouard Brandus. 
Paris, Nov. 20, 1914. 



Daniel Parish. 

Daniel Parish, seventy-three years old, 
died in Roosevelt HospitalDec. 17, follow- 
ing a fall two weeks before. 

Mr. Parish was born in this city in 1841, 
and in his early life started a collection of 
antiques, curios and old -coins, and up to the 
time of his death had a very largesCollection. 
He was ex-president of the American Nu- 
mismatic Society and a member of the New 
York Historical Society. He is survived by 
his brother, Henry Parish, president of the 
New York Life Insurance and Trust Com- 
pany, and two sisters^ Misses Susan and 
Helen. ■'"] 



Mrs. Walter Crane. 

Mrs. Walter Crane, wife of the painter, 
designer, lecturer and writer, -was found 
dead, Dec. 19, on the railway near Ashford, 
Kent in England. A Coroner's jury rend- 
ered a verdict of suicide while temporarily 
insane. Mrs. Crane was formerly Mary 
Frances Audrews of Hempstead, Essex. 
She married Mr. Crane in 1871. 



Albert Gross. 

Mr. Albert Gross a member of the firm of 
Edward Gross, picture publishers at 853 
Broadway, died in the railroad station of 
New Rbchelle on Dec. 18, his 43 birthday. 
He leaves at his home in New Rochelle a 
widow and young son. \ ■ 



VALUE OF ANTIQUE BEAUTY. 
Somebody bought an "early Greek bottle" 
in this city a day or two ago for $125. It 
may have sold once for an obolus. Its value' 
today is not in itself but in the buyer's cu- 
rious mind, which discovers precious suali- 
ties in it that the maker probably never 
dreamed of. What are they? Why has this 
bit of glass, surviving for millenniums 
through some accident of "falling soft" into 
a Hellenic kitchen, Suddenly acquired an 
enhanced value of more than 4,000 per cent. 
— perhaps 1 per cent, a year since it. was 
first blown frorn Mediterranean sands 
and ashes of an olive grove? The trite • 
newspaper report of the sale describes it as 
of dark blue glass with opalescent and silver 
lights. Does the charm reside in the color 
and the gleam, which are certainly due to 
no fine handicraft, but only to the mellow- 
ing chemistry of countless ages? Or does 
it spring from the heroic and hallowed as- 
pect which the fresh, strong youth of the 
race assumes in the modern imagination? 
Is it because the men and women who kept 
essences or perfumes in it were so many 
generations nearer to the gods and goddess- 
es, the heroes and the sirens of the days be- 
fore mankind had become altogether of the 
earth? Probably the buyer would find him- 
self quite unable to account for his appraisal. 
Perhaps there is somewhere down in his 
soul the hope that with the vessel, he has 
bought some immortal inspiration, some dis- v 
filiation from the old Promethean draught' 
of life, imprisoned in the glass and waiting 
to be the slave of a modern master like the 
genie in the Arabian tale. — N. Y. Sun. 



PAINTINGS FOR PANAMA. 

The Hackley Gallery has loaned to the 
Panama-Pacific Exposition six oils from its 
permanent collection. They are Gainsbor- 
ough's "Sir William Lynch," Hogarth's 
"Anne, Viscountess Irwin;" Beechey's "Mr. 
Munroe Furgeson;" Goya's "Don Juan Jose 
Perez Mora:" Whistler's "A Study in Rose 
and Brown," and Blakelock's "Ecstasy."