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278 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Virginia Troops in French and Indian Wars. 

[We begin in the present number of the Virginia Magazine of His- 
tory and Biography the publication in instalments, which will run 
through the present year, of the earliest rolls of each company of 
Virginia troops engaged in the French and Indian Wars during the 
time that Washington was colonel and commander-in-chief of the 
Virginia forces. These rolls, as now printed, are copied from the 
Washington papers in the Department of State, at Washington. There 
are different and later rolls of the companies, in all of which of course 
there are some changes in the personel of the companies. Owing to 
our limited space, we are unable to give room to more than one roll of 
any one company. There are two kinds of these rolls, the size roll 
and the necessary rolls. The size rolls give a personal description of 
the men, where they lived, and sometimes other information concerning 
them. The necessary rolls name the men and also name what arti- 
ticles of clothing and equipment it was necessary that each should 
have, at the time the roll was taken. We present the earliest size roll 
of each company, as being the most interesting of the series. As a 
rule, there was no great change in these rolls taken at intervals, though 
of course some names disappeared and new ones appeared on them. 
All the peculiarities of spelling, etc, have been closely followed by us. 
A great many names have been mispelled, but in most instances the 
proper etymology of the name will at once suggest itself. 

We are indebted for our copies of these valuable rolls to the kind- 
ness of Mr. A. C. Quisenberry, of the Inspector General's office in the 
War Department. Mr. Quisenberry is a native of Kentucky but of 
Virginia descent, which has led him to take an active interest in every- 
thing relating to the histories of these two states. He is a distinguished 
contributor to the leading historical magazines of this country, and as 
a member of the Filson Club, of Louisville, contributed a biographical 
sketch of Humphrey Marshall, the elder, which has been published in 
book form, and attracted considerable attention. Mr. Quisenberry is 
also a member of the Kentucky Society of the Sons of the American 
Revolution.] 

A Roll of the Officers and Soldiers who engaged in the ser- 
vice of this Colony before the Battle of the Meadows in 1754, 
according to returns made at Wills Creek, July 9, 1754. 

[Note. — The capital letters H, L, M, V, after each man's name 
indicate which company he belonged to. Hg. indicates Hogg's 
Company. 

This return is recorded in Washington's own hand. — A. C. Q.] 



VIRGINIA TROOPS IN FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. 279 



Geo. Washington, Col . 
George Muse, Lt.-Col". Adam Stephen, Major. 



Robert Stobo, Captain. 
Andrew Lewis, do 
George Mercer, do 
Peter Hogg, do 

Jacob Vanbraam, do 
Thomas Wagener, Lieut. 
William Poison, do 
John West, do 



John Savage, Lieut. 
James Towers, do 
Wm. Bronaugh, Ensign. 
John Mercer, do 

Wm. Peyrounie, do 
James Craik, do 

James Craik, Surgeon. 



John Allan, 


H 


Thos. Burris, 


M 


Jacob Arrans, 


M 


Robert Bennett, 


M 


John Allan, 


V 


Wm. Braughton, 


M 


Chas. Allbury, 


V 


Henry Bristoe, 


M 


Henry Bayley, E 


H 


John Bishop, 


M 


Henry Bowman, 


H 


Wm. Bayley, 


Vkd 


John Bryan, 


H 


Rudolph Brickner, 


Vwd 


John Brown, 


H 


Robert Bett, 


V 


Solon Batson, 


Hw 


d Richard Bolton, 


V 


James Batty, 


H 


James Black, 


V 


John Biddlecome, 


L 


Godfrey Bombgardner, 


V 


Edw'd Bayley, 


L 


Chrisf Byerly, 


V 


Joseph Baxter, 


L 


James Carson, 


H 


Thomas Burney, 


L 


Wm. Coffland, E 


H 


John Burk, 


L 


John Carroll, 


H 


Thomas Byrd, 


L wd Joseph Casterson, 


H 


Josias Baker, 


L 


Patrick Coyle, 


L 


Barth* Burns, 


L 


Wm. Cams, 


L 


Bibby Brook, 


Hg 


Edward Cabell, 


Lwd 


Joshua Burton, 


Hg wd Nathan Chapman, E 


Lwd 


John Boyd, 


M 


Phil. Connerly, 


Lwd 


Robert Burns, 


M 


Gerrard Clerk, 


Lkd 


Nath 1 Barrett, 


M 


Matthew Cox, E 


Hg 


Thos. Burk, 


M 


Wm. Coleman, 


Hg 


Christ" Bombgardner, 


M 


Thos. Chaddock, 


Hg 


John Bryans, 


M 


John Chapman, 


Hg wd 



280 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Andrew Clark, 


Hg 


Jos" Gibbs, 


H 


Timo. Conway, 


M wd 


Jacob Gause, 


H 


John Clements, 


M 


James Good, 


Hwd 


Thos. Carter, 


V 


Edw'd Graves, 


H 


John Campbell, 


V 


Robert Grymes, 


L 


John Coen, 


V 


Jos. Gatewood, 


Hg 


Wm. Carter, 


V 


David Gorman, 


Hg wd 


Wm. Deveeny, 


H 


Edw'd Goodwin, 


Hg wd 


Patrick Durpby, 


H 


Phil. Gatewood, 


Hg 


Matthew Durham, 


Hg wd 


James Gwinn, 


M 


Wm. Dean, 


Hg 


George Gibbons, 


M 


James Devoy, 


M 


Wm. Gardner, 


M wd 


Claud Dalton, 


M 


Jno. Gallihorn, 


M 


James Dailey, 


M 


Patrick Gallaway, 


V 


Thos. Donahough, 


V 


Geo. Gobell, 


V 


Charles Dunn, 


V 


Wm. Gerrard, 


V 


Bern 4 Draxeller, 


V 


Wm. Harbinson, 


L 


John Durham, 


L wd Cornelius Henley, 


L 


Peter Effleck, 


Hg 


Benj. Hamilton, 


Hg 


Robert Elliot, 


Hg wd 


Abner Haslip, 


Hg 


Edw'd Evans, 


M 


Southey Haslip, 


Hg 


Henry Earnest, 


M 


Thos. Harrjs, 


Hg 


John Franklin, 


H 


James Heyter, 


Hg wd 


Nich" Foster, 


H 


Argyle House, 


Hg wd 


Thos. Fisher, 


Hkd 


Samuel Hayden, 


Hg wd 


James Ferguson, 


L 


Christ" Helsley, 


M 


Thorn' Foster, 


L 


Mark Hollis, 


M 


John Field, 


L 


John Huston, 


M 


James Fulton, 


Lwd 


Wm. Holland, 


M 


Duncan Ferguson, 


Hg 


Matthew Howard, 


M 


And w Fowler, 


Hg 


Jno. Hamilton, 


Vwd 


James Ford, 


Hg wd 


Thos. Hennesey, 


V 


Wm. Field, 


M 


Arthur Howard, 


V 


John F'erguson, 


M 


Adam Jones, 


H 


John Farmer, 


M 


Matthew Jones, 


L 


Mich 1 Frank, 


V 


Wm. Johnston, 


Hg 


Jacob Furkhauser, 


V 


Charles James, E 


Hg 


Jacob Gowen, 


H 


Robert Jones, 


Hg wd 


John Goldson, 


H 


Saml. Isdale, 


M 



VIRGINIA TROOPS IN FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. 281 



Joshua Jordan, 


M wd 


1 David Montgomery, 


M 


Wise Johnson, 


V wd Jacob Myer, 


M 


John Johnson, 


V 


Barnaby McKan, 


Mkd 


Anthony Kennedy, 


H 


John May, 


M 


John Kitson, 


H kd Wm. Mclntire, 


M 


Dennis Kenton, 


H 


Hugh McCoy, 


M 


Thos. Kitson, 


Hg 


John McGuire, 


M 


Wm. Knowls, 


V 


Geo. Macomb, 


V 


Ewd. King, 


V 


Richard Major, 


V 


James Ludlow, 


L 


William Mitchell, 


V 


James Letort, 


Hg 


John McGregory, 


V 


Wm. Lowry, 


M 


Angus McDonald, 


V 


Nath 1 Lewis, 


H 


Edw'd Minor, 


V 


Thos. Longdon, Sr., 


E H 


Henry Neile, 


H 


Adam Leonard, 


M 


Thos. Nicholson, 


Lwd 


Robert McKay, 


H 


Thos. Napp, 


Hg 


Jesse Morris, 


H 


Matth" Nevison, 


Hg 


Isaac Moor, 


H 


Thos. Ogden, 


H 


James Milton, 


H 


John Ogilvie, 


H 


Mich 1 McGrath, 


Hwc 


I John Poor, 


L 


Robt. McCnlroy, 


H wd William Poor, 


L 


Dan'l McClaren, 


H kd Thos. Pearce, 


L 


Richard Morris, 


H 


John Powers, 


L 


Mich 1 McCannon, 


L 


Bryant Page, 


Hg 


John Maston, 


L 


Martial Pratt, E 


Hg 


John Mulholland, 


L 


Alex' Perry, 


M 


John McCutty, 


L wd William Pullen, 


Mkd 


Geo. McSwine, 


Lwd 


1 John Potter, 


Vwd 


Robt. Murphey, 


L 


Joseph Powell, 


Vwd 


John Mclntire, 


L 


Hugh Paul, 


V 


Dan'l Malotte, 


L 


Mich 1 Reiley, 


Hwd 


James McCommac, 


L 


Ware Rocket, 


H 


Jesse May, 


Hg 


James Rowe, 


L 


Joseph Milton, 


Hg 


John Rodgers, 


Lwd 


John Martin, 


Hg 


John Rodgers, 


L 


Nicholas Morgan, 


Hg 


John Ramsey, E 


Lkd 


Thomas Moss, 


Hg 


John Rowe, 


Hg 


John Mears, 


Hg 


John Ramsey, 


Hg 


Dominick Moran, 


Hg 


Frederick Rupert, 


M 



282 



VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



John Robinson, 


V kd Dempsey Simmons, 


Vwd 


Ezek 1 Richardson, 


V 


John Stewart, 


V 


John Rogers, 


V 


Francis Self, 


V 


John Sones, 


H 


Benj.Spicer, 


V 


Chas. Smith, 


H 


Matth" Shampe, 


V 


Rich'd Smith, 


H 


John Tranton, 


Hkd 


Wm. Stations, 


H 


Robt. Tunstall, E 


H 


Wm. Swallow, 


H 


Nehemiah Fendall, 


Lwd 


Alexander Stewart, 


H wd 


1 Thos. Ted man, 


L 


Dan 1 Staple, 


H 


James Tybus, 


Lwd 


John Smith, 


L 


John Truston, 


L 


John Smith, 


L 


James Thomas, 


Hg 


Terence Swiney, 


L 


James Tyrell, 


M 


James Smith, 


L 


George Taylor, 


Vwd 


Thos. Scott, 


Lkd 


1 John Thompson, 


V 


James Samuell, £ 


Hg 


Wm. Underwood, 


Hg 


Mich 1 Scully, E 


Hg 


Daniel Welch, 


H 


Zach" Smith, 


Hg 


Chas. Waddy, 


H 


Thos. Slaughter, 


Hg 


James Wech, 


H 


Dudley Skinner, 


Hg wd 


1 Peregrine Williams, 


Hwd 


Joseph Scott, 


Hg 


John Whitman, 


L 


John Stephens, 


Hg 


Arthur Watts, 


Lwd 


Hugh Stone, 


M 


Philip Waters, 


M 


Robt. Stewart, 


M wd Michael Waker, 


M 


Wm. Symmons, 


V kd Edw 4 Whitehead, 


V 


263 men; wounded 


43; killed 12. 





Recruits which joined at Wills' creek after y* Battle of y 

Meadows. 



John David Wilfer, 
Thos. Sellers, 
Bryan Conner, 
George Hoarst, 
Jacob Havely, 
Richard Murray, 
Hugh Ratchford, 
Jacob Cat, 



Jacob Perkley, 
James McLaughlin, 
Henry Leonard, 
Benj. Smith, 
Jacob Kiblar, 
John Lowe, 
Gasper Moorhead, 
Christian Taylor, 



VIRGINIA TROOPS IN FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. 



283 



James McBride, 
William Tyan, 
John Capham, 



John Thomas, 
John Hamilton. 



The following names are included in the pay rolls, tho' not in 
the returns at Wills Creek: 



Hugh Ratchford, 


M 


David Wilkerson, 


L 


John Jones, 


H 


Patrick Smith, 


L 


John Harwood, 


H 


John Hart, 


L 


Abra n Mashaw, 


L 


Gasper Morean, 


L 


Robt. Graham, 


L 


Barnaby Ryley, 


L 


Thos. Stedman, 


L 


Nath' Deadman, 


L 


Thos. Pearson, 


L 


Wm. Chaplain, 


L 


Edm* Wagener, 


H 


John Davis, 


L 


Rich'd Trotter, 


Hg 


Pledge Ward, 


L 


Chas. Soanes, 


Hg 


Geo. Swiney, 




Matthew Lovingston, 


Hg 


Daniel Bellott, 




James Meggs, 


Hg 


Elisha Ward, 




Wm. Hogan, 


V 


John Lee, 




James Cammock, 


M 


John Maid. 




Rich'd Pritchard, 


M 

DE 








SERTED. 




Jacob Beil, 




Jacob Arrans, 




John Beil, 




Geo. Campbell, 




Chas. Boyle, 




Jacob Catt, 




John Bryant, 




Baron Draxilla, 




John Franklin, 




Jacob Furkhauser, 




Jno. Baptist Hasty, 




Jacob Helsley, 




Ignatius Jones, 




George Hurst, 




Thos. Lockart, 




Jacob Heffley, 




John Mcintosh, 




Henry Leonard, 




P. Pesenlegar, 




Richard Murray, 




Wm. Stroud, 




Jacob Perkley, 




Wm. Turner, 




Benj. Smith. 




John Wilson, 









284 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

The foregoing contains a List of all the Soldiers which are to 
be found either upon the Pay Rolls, or Muster Rolls. — The 
party of Recruits which join 4 at Wills Creek after the Battle of 
the Meadows — the Men who received the present of a Pistole 
from the Country as an acknowledgement of their Gallant Beha- 
viour upon that occasion — and the Detachment which marched 
to Augusta sometime after the Defeat. By which (there appear- 
ing to be 350 upon the Roll) it is evident there are many men 
(here) Included that are not entitled (strictly) to a share of the 
200,000 acres of Land under Gov' Dinwiddies Proclam", and 
scarce possible that any can be omitted which are — this being 
carfully attended to least any might be deprived of their Right 
by not appearing on the list when they applied to 

G" Washington. 
April 30, 1 77 1. 

The letter (E) ag' each man's name signifies his having entered 
his claim. 



List of Officers of the Virginia Regiment, 29 May, 
1754, and the Dates of their Commissions. 

captains. 

Colonel Joshua Fry, February 25, 1754. 
Lieutenant-Colonel George Washington, January 25, 1754. 
Major George Muse, March 15, 1754. 
Captain Adam Stephen, February 25, 1754. 
Captain Robert Stobo, March 6, 1754. 
Captain Andrew Lewis, March 8, 1754. 
Captain Peter Hog, March 9, 1754. 
Lieutenant Jacob Vanbraam, January 25, 1754. 
Lieutenant George Mercer, February 25, 1754. 
Lieutenant Thomas Wagener, February 26, 1754. 
Lieutenant John West, February 27, 1754. 
Lieutenant William Poison, February 28, 1754. 
Lieutenant John Savage, March 9, 1754. 
Ensign James Towers, January 25, 1754. 



VIRGINIA TROOPS IN FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. 285 

Ensign Wm. Bronaugh, March 20, 1754. 
Ensign John Mercer, March 26, 1754. 
Ensign Wm. Peyroune, April 20, 1754. 
Ensign James Craik, May 23, 1754. 
Surgeon James Craik, March 7, 1754. 
Commissary John Carlyle, January 25, 1754. 



A List of Officers, and the Dates of their Commissions. 

CAPTAINS 

Captain Mercer, August 15, 1755. 
" Waggener, August 16, 1755. 
" Stewart, August 18, 1755. 

Lewis, August 23, 1755. 
" Woodward, August 25, 1755. 
" Spottswood, August 26, 1755. 
" McKenzie, September 4, 1755. 

lieutenants. 

Lieutenant McNeill (Capt-Lieut.), August 18, 1755. 
" Bullett, August 20, 1755. 

" Steuart, August 21, 1755. 

Blagg, August 22, 1755. 
" Lomax, August 26, 1755. 

" Steenburger, August 27, 1755. 

Campbell, August 30, 1755. 

King, September 3, 1755. 
" Baker, September 4, 1755. 

" Gist, October 1, 1755. 

" Buckner, June 29, 1756. 

" Dangerfield, May 25, 1757. 

" Hubbard, May 26, 1757. 

" Milner, May 26, 1757. 

" Flemming, May 26. 1757. 

" Price, May 26, 1757. 

" Thompson, July 24, 1757. 



286 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Lieutenant Smith, July 25, 1757. 
" Weeden, July 26, 1757. 

" Crawford, July 27, 1757. 

ENSIGNS. 

Ensign Roy, January 31, 1756. 
" Duncanson, June 28, 1756. 
" Sumner, June 29, 1756. 
" Russell, June 30, 1756. 

" Lawson, . 

" Sprake, July 10, 1757. 

" Fell, July i6, 1757. 

" Woodford, July 13, 1757. 

Starke, July 25. 1757. 
" Joseph Feint, 



Colby Chew, October 1, 1757. 



[Copied from Washington's original MS. orders.] 

Fort Cumberland, September 17, 1775. 
Ensign Forgie for the day. 

Parole: Success. 

George Washington, Esquire is, by His Honor Governor 
Dinwiddie, appointed Colonel of the Virginia Regiment, and 
Commander in Chief of all the Forces that now are, and shall 
be Raised, &c. &c. 

Captain Adam Stephen is appointed Lieutenant Colonel; and 
Captain Andrew Lewis, Major of the same Regiment. 

Captain George Mercer, of the Virginia Forces, is appointed 
aid de Camp to Colonel Washington. 

Lieutenants John Savage, John Mercer, Joshua Lewis and 
Henry Woodward are appointed as Captains in the Virginia 
Regiment. 

Mr. Robert Spotswood, Carter Harrison, Charles Lewis, Wil- 
liam Peachy, David Bell and Robert McKenzie are appointed 
Captains in the same Regiment. 



DISCOURSE OF THE OLD COMPANY. 287 

Ensigns Thomas Bullitt, Walter Stewart, John Blegg, Han- 
cock Eustace and George Frazier, are promoted to Lieutenants. 

Mr. John Edward Lomax, John Williams, Augustine Broken- 
borough, John Campbell, John Hall, John Lowry, John King 
and James Baker, are appointed Lieutenants. 

Quartermaster Mordecai Buckner is appointed Ensign. 

Mr. John Poison, William Dangerneld, Edward Hubbard, 
John Dean, Nathaniel Milner, William Fleming, Leonard Price, 
Nathaniel Thomson, Thomas Carter, Chas. Smith, Lee Hessins 
De Keyzier, George Gordon and George Weeden are appointed 
Ensigns. 

The former Captains and Lieutenants, who are not promoted, 
continue in their former posts. 

James Livingston, Fort-Major, is appointed Adjutant to the 
Virginia Regiment. 

Every officer of the Virginia Regiment to provide himself, as 
soon as he can conveniently, with suit of Regimentals of good 
blue Cloath; the Coat to be faced and cuffed with scarlet, and 
trimmed with Silver; a scarlet waistcoat, with silver Lace; blue 
Breeches, and a silver-laced hat, if to be had, for Camp or Gar- 
rison duty. Besides this, each officer to provide himself with a 
common soldier's Dress for Detachments and Duty in the 
Woods. 

* * * * 

September 18, 1755. 
Lieutenant Bronaugh is promoted to be a Captain in the Vir- 
ginia Regiment. 

* * » * 

(to be continued.) 



Discourse of the Old Company. 

(continued.) 

And here first wee are in duety forced to deliver unto yo r 
Lo p# , that the restoring, supporting & re advancem' of that 
Plantation, wee hold to bee a worke, though of great necessitie 
for the honour, yea and service of his Ma"*, these tymes consid- 
ered: yet w" all of soe extreame difficultie, that it is not to be