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North Carolina State Library 
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LAND DEVELOPMENT PLAN 

JAN 2 i 1977 



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STANDARD TITLE PAGE 
FOR TECHNICAL REPORTS 


1. Report No. 




4. Title and Subtitle 


LAND DEVELOPMENT PLAN, ASHEBORO, N.C. 

T. Author(s) 


3. Raclplent’s Catalog No. 


S. Report Date 

t ^976 

Ptriformlng Organization Code 


Willie A. Dixon 


8. Perfermint Organization Rept. No. 


Performing Organization Name and Address 
N.C. DEPT. NATURAL & ECONOMIC RESOURCES 

DIVISION OF COMMUNITY ASSISTANCE 

P.O. BOX 27687 - RALEIGH, N.C. 27611 


10. Project/Tash/Wofh Unit No. 


l2. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address 
Department of Housing and Urban Development 
451 Seventh Street , S .W , 

Washington, D.C. 20410 


11. Contract/Grant No. 

ICPA -NC-04-19-1068 


13. Type of Report & Period Covered 

Final 


14. Sponsorinc Agency Code 


l5. Supplemeniary Motet 

Prepared in cooperation with the Community Development Staff, Asheboro, N.C. 


1^. Abstracts 

This Study defines a pattern of orderly and systematic growth for the 
town of Asheboro and its environs based upon an analysis of physical, 
economic, and social conditions, local traditions, and desires, and basic 
urban planning principles. Implementation strategies are also offered. 

The planning period or time span for this report will be approximately 
20 years. 


17. Kay Words and DocuomdI Analysis, (a). Oaacriptore 


17b. Idantiflars/OpaiyEndad Tanas 


17c. COSATI Fiald/Group 


18. Distribution Statamant 

Copies are available at the City Hall, 
Asheboro, N.C. 


iS.Sacurity Class (This Report) 
UNCLASSIFIED 


^.Security Class. (This Page) 

UNCLASSIFIED 


21. No. of Pages 

58 


22. Price 

$3.00 


Form (5p5'ti-35 (4-7(5)’ 



PREPARED FOR: 


Asheboro, North Caorllna 


City Council 

Robert L. Reese » Mayor 

C. Hubert Causey, Mayor Pro Tern 

C. M. "Mac" King 

William Joseph Trogdon 

Jerry A. Ward 

Tom Morgan 

T. J. McIntosh, Jr., City Manager 


PREPARED BY: C. D. Staff 

John W. Minton, C.D. Director 

James D. Reese, Planner 

Ban G. Farthing, Planner 

0. Lynn Priest, Code Enforcement Officer 

Jerry M. Smith, Secretary-Bookkeeper 

Michael Cowhlg, Planner 


Planning Board 
Allen Holt, Chairman 
Willis Bonkemeyer 
John Osborne 
Lewis Holt 
Bill Hawkins 
Hazel Goldston 
Earl Jones 
James Fox 
Joel Powers 
J. Howard Redding 


TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROVIDED BY: 

North Carolina Department of Natural and Economic Resources 
George W. Little, Secretary 

Division of Community Assistance 
Robert S. Ewing, Director 

Local Planning and Management Services Section 
Billy Ray Hall, Chief 

North Piedmont Field Office, Winston-Salem, NC 

Tom Foxx, Chief Planner 

Willie A. Dixon, Planner-ln-Charge 

Tommy Lambeth, Draftsman 

Connie Southard, Stenographer 


TABLE OF CONTENTS 


Page 

INTRODUCTION 1 

SECTION I Goals and Objectives 5 

SECTION II Background Data 11 

A. Description of Planning Area 11 

- Regional Setting 11 

- Boundaries of the Planning Area 12 

- History 12 

- Natural Features 13 

Climate 13 

- Population 13 

- Economy 15 

- Family Income and Incidence of Poverty 

in Asheboro and Randolph County 18 

B. Analysis of Existing Land Use 23 

- Residential 24 

- Industrial 27 

- Commercial 29 

- Recreation 31 

- Vacant Land 34 

C. Public Infrastructure 34 

- Streets and Highways 34 

- Schools 36 

- Water System 38 

- Sanitary Sewer Ssytem 39 

SECTION III Asheboro Land Development Plan 41 

- Residential Land Use 41 

- Commercial Land Use 42 

- Industrial Land Use 44 

- Park and Other Open Space 44 

- Highways and Streets 45 

Implementation 46 

SECTION IV Appendix 

Environmental Assessment Statement 55 


TABLES 


1. Population: Asheboro and Randolph County. 

2. Black Population: Asheboro and Randolph County. 

3. Population Projections. 

4. Economic Data. 

5. Number of Recrui table Production — Related Workers within 
Asheboro Area. 

5A. Major Occupational Class of Job Applicants. 

6-10. Social and Economic Characteristics of Asheboro and Randolph County. 

11. Total Dwelling Units in 1974 (excluding Mobile Homes). 

12. Selection Criteria for Industrial Sites. 

13. Park and Recreation Facilities. 

14. Asheboro City Schools. 


FIGURES 


1. Annexation Map. 

2. Old and New City Limits. 

3. Asheboro Planning Area. 

4. Minority Neighborhoods. 

5. Asheboro Study Areas. 

6. Recreation and Open Space. 

7. Land Development Plan. 


PREFACE 


Merger with the North Asheboro - Central Falls Sanitary District 
on July 1, 1970 (see figure 1) approximately doubled the area of 
Asheboro, and raised its population to about 15,351. (The newly in- 
corporated area commonly referred to as "North Asheboro", and the area 
which was the city limits prior to the merger commonly referred to as 
South Asheboro will be referred to in this report as "Asheboro Planning 
Area".) 


INTRODUCTION 


In 1974, the City of Asheboro applied for "701" planning assistance 
funds from the Department of Housing and Urban Development to help continue 
its comprehensive planning process which was begun three years ago. The 
objective of this report is to update the 1968 Land Use Plan by determining 
and reviewing changed land use, regional development, economic conditions, 
and other factors, and provide an updated plan to guide the future 
development of the community. Particular attention will be paid to those 
aspects of the 1968 plan that have failed to be effection (park sites not 
acquired, homes built in the path of needed rights-of-way, etc.), and 
specific changes in the community's planning process will be recommended 
in order that the updated plan shall be effective. 

Implementation of a future Land Development Plan for communities is not 
an overnight task. Although Asheboro began planning for its future several 
years ago, problems still exist in the corporate limites and the fringe areas. 
Some of these problems are: 

Industries located in the CBD (Central Business District) 

Single-family residences located in the CBD 

Deterioration of the CBD 

Strip and spot commercial development 

Intermixed land uses 

Blight in the fringe areas 

Poorly platted land 

Unusable vacant land 

Inadequate recreation facilities 

Inadequate traffic circulation 

The problems are very difficult to eliminate. An example of the 
gradual nature of problem solving at the local level of government is the 
city's tactic of classifying inappropriate land use situations as "non- 
conforming" and then waiting for that particular use to be abandoned. For 
blighted areas, the City may initiate another redevelopment program which 
might take six to eight years to materialize. For acquiring new parks 
and recreational sites, the town must have several reports prepared, bond 
referendums approved, and applications made for federal monies. This 
process could take approximately five to six years. Another task that 


- 2 - 


takes several years to accomplish is the elimination of unsanitary 
conditions in fringe areas. This process involves public hearings, 
annexation reports, capital improvements programming and (possibly) 
federal monies to insure the extension of water and sewer into these 
areas. In many cases, federal grants have been in short supply, there- 
fore, the problems are prolonged. 

In summary, Asheboro has just begun to see some results of its 
comprehensive planning program. For example, the City has public housing; 
numerous annexation programs; water and sewer have been extended; rere- 
ation equipment has been installed throughout the city and some efforts 
have been made toward city/county cooperation on major issues. 

Asheboro is presently in the midst of a period of rapid growth. 
Although such growth is to be greatly desired, it is not an unmixed bless- 
ing. If growth is improperly coordinated, many of the amenities which the 
older citizens have built up or preserved over the years are likely to be 
obliterated by the heedless manner in which new developments are added. 
With coordinated development, which presupposes that a city knows where it 
is going, it is possible to relate old and new facilities in such a way as 
to augment the attractiveness and efficiency of the town. 


PURPOSE 


- 3 - 


It is the objective of this study to record and analyze the existing 
use of land, and in so doing establish a data base that will facilitate 
the development of a plan for land use growth and of other studies and 
plans which the Planning Board may undertake from time to time. An elab- 
oration of the specific purposes of both the Land Use Survey and the Land 
Use Plan follow. 

LAND USE SURVEY 

Basic to all city planning work is a knowledge of the existing use of 
land. Information on the type, location and amount of existing land uses 
is essential for a thorough understanding of the planning program. It 
serves as a point of departure for the Asheboro planning program. The 
Land Use Survey will provide data and background material for the land use 
plan, the major street plan, the community facilities plan and the revision 
of the existing Zoning Ordinance. Then too, the data presented in this 
report should provide invaluable to those private groups and public agencies 
who must from time to time make decisions in regard to land development. 

The objective of this Land Use Survey as related to the Land Develop- 
ment Plan is to provide pertinent, useful data on the existing use of land 
not only for the purpose of conducting Asheboro 's continuous and compre- 
hensive city planning program but also to assist all individuals and groups 
- both public and private - that plan an important role in the formulation 
and implementation of land use policy. The success or failure of land use 
planning in Asheboro depends primarily upon how fully and effectively these 
interests use the data contained in this report. 

LAND USE PLAN 

If Asheboro is to correct its existing land use problems and prevent 
the creation of new land use problems, it must prepare for the future. Some 
idea of desirable locations for particular land uses should be realized and 
followed in a flexible manner. This is the Future Land Use Plan — the 
establishment of a policy and guide for the future physical growth by out- 
lining the best possible arrangement for the use of land. Basically, it 
is concerned with location, intensity and amount of land development required 
for the various space-using functions of the community, and with the 
formulation of a land use policy. 


The plan reflects the best thinking of the community in regard to 
anticipated future land development, and it proposes to guide this develop- 
ment into an orderly pattern. It is not a rigid blueprint — no plan can 
rigidly pinpoint all future growth because no one can foretell absolutely 
what unforeseen circumstances may arise to change the pattern of develop- 
ment. Any plan must be flexible and subject to frequent review and revision 
The attempt here is to allocate sufficeint amounts of land for land use 
growth based on existing conditions and estimated population and to locate 
this growth in a pattern which places compatible uses adjacent to each other 

Every effort has been made to recognize local objectives and produce 
a plan based on what the people of Asheboro desire in the way of a better 
community. The end results should be a plan which is both ideal and 
practical. 

Preparation of the plan was the responsibility of the City’s planning 
agency. The agency considered many aspects of the City during the planning 
process including: 

Goals and objectives for the future; 

Past trends; 

Economic and demographics data; and 

existing land use 

In order that the basis of the City's plan can be understood by city 
residents and others Interested in Asheboro 's development, the background 
information utilized is included in this planning document in the following 
sections . 


SECTION I 


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; GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 


Basic development goals for Asheboro and objectives to be reached in 
working toward these goals form a central part of the plan. These goals 
and objectives are a basis for insuring that sound judgement is utilized 
and consistency is maintained in the preparation of the land development 
plan and in the recommendations of actions for implementation. 

The city's goals and objectives are based upon an analysis of existing 
conditions and upon attitudes and hopes expressed by residents of Asheboro. 

These goals and objectives can assist elected officials, city adminis- 
trators and private citizens in making decisions guiding present and future 
development in the planning area. Adherence to these goals and objectives 
will go a long way toward achieving consistency and coordination in efforts 
to provide an increasingly desirable living environment for residents of the 
planning area. 

GENERAL PLANNING GOALS 

GOALS: Encourage desirable forms of growth and change, foster an 

increasingly desirable living environment, and promote the 
health, safety, convenience and general welfare of Asheboro 
by guiding the location of new development and the delivery 
of public services. 

Conserve and enhance environmental quality within the Planning 
Area . 

OBJECTIVES: * * Promote a suitable living environment which is within 

reach of all sectors of the population by: 

— conservation and rehabilitation of existing structures 

— neighborhood renewal 

— new development 

• Encourage new development in order to : 

— stimulate the economy 

— increase per capita income 

— diversify kinds of jobs available 

— achieve a higher employment rate for Asheboro residents 


COMMERCIAL 


GOALS ; 


OBJECTIVES 


- 6 - 


• Protect and improve the city's appearance 

• Promote cooperation with Randolph County government in 
planning for the area. 

• Guide new development to areas which are or which will be 
provided with public utilities or where it is demonstrated 
that services will be provided and the health and welfare 
of residents will be protected by other means. 

• Protect natural areas such as swamps, stream banks and 
wet areas from intensive or inappropriate development. 

• Prepare and enact zoning and subdivision regulations to 
protect existing development and guide new development in 
conformity with this land development plan. 

LAND USE 

Preserve the central business area as the principal shopping 

place and promote development of other t3rpes of commercial 

uses only in well planned groupings on major thoroughfares. 

• Encourage conservation, rehabilitation of existing 
structures and construction of new buildings in the 
CBD in order to continue the centralized location of 
shops and services for the convenience of planning 
area residents. 

• Encourage unified design and cooperation among property 
owners in other commercial areas to improve use of the 
sites and limit entrances along busy streets. 

• Require new commercial areas to meet criteria of good 
design, ample on-site parking, and appropriate land- 
scaping and screening from adjoining residential uses 
if needed. 


- 7 - 


• Discourage the location of all types of commercial and 
service establishments in residential areas, other than 
bona fide home occupations. 


INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 

GOAL; Encourage new industry and other employers to locate in the 

Asheboro area by designating ample areas for industrial 
development which have good highway access and which can be 
served by necessary utilities. 


OBJECTIVES: • Encourage new industrial development in order to; 

— increase the number and types of jobs available 

— promote economic growth 

• Designate suitable areas for industrial development and 
plan for delivery of needed services and utilities to 
these areas. 


• Protect areas designated for industrial development from 
incompatible kinds of development. 

• Encourage establishment of a "growth strategy" effort on 
the part of the town and county governments and private 
organizations and individuals to determine types of 
employers to be sought and specific steps to be taken. 

• Participate in the North Carolina Governor's Award program 
in order to assist the city in becoming better prepared for 
and more attractive to industrial development. 


RESIDENTIAL LAND USE AND HOUSING 

GOAL; Encourage development and maintenance of descent, safe and 

sanitary housing in quantities, types, and price ranges to 
serve the needs of all residents, in neighborhoods which 
offer a safe and pleasant living environment. 

OBJECTIVES: Encourage programs to improve deteriorated neighborhoods 

and substandard housing. 


- 8 - 


• Protect existing established neighborhoods from 
intrusions of incompatible uses. 

• Encourage construction of new homes to increase the 
housing supply and upgrade the general level of housing 
quality. 

• Broaden the range of housing types available in Asheboro. 

• Improve the workings of the process by which unsafe 
buildings are condemned and demolished. 

PUBLIC UTILITIES AND FACILITIES 

GOAL: Encourage delivery of a range of high quality public utilities 

and services, capacities and levels of service which can meet, 
or which can readily be expanded to meet, future development 
needs . 

OBJECTIVES; • Begin planning for expanded sewage collection lines to 

meet the demands of anticipated future development. 

• Seek formal county agreement concerning financial 
assistance to the town in extending utility lines to 
serve new industry outside the town limits. 

• Encourage the provision of needed physical improvements and 
expansions in educational facilities which serve the area. 

PARKS AND RECREATION 

GOAL; Provide parks and recreation facilities and programs to meet 

the recreational needs of all sectors of the city's population 

OBJECTIVES: * Acquire park acreage and develop facilities to meet basic 

recreational needs. 


- 9 - 


• Encourage cordination between school programs and 
use of school facilities or the recreational needs of 
all age groups of Asheboro residents. 

• Seek to improve recreational opportunities by encouraging 
establishment of a city/county or regional recreation 
program and facilities. 

• Investigate the possibility of integrating bikeways and/or 
pedestrian ways into any new sizeable developments as well 
as into any street improvement program. 


PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT 

GOAL: Attain input from individuals and organizations during the 

planning process and during plan implementation to assure 
that individual thoughts and desires are known and protected 
as the general welfare is pursued. 

OBJECTIVES: * * Obtain involvement of Asheboro citizens in the planning 

implementation processes by actively encouraging 
participation in the democratic proceedings associated 
with the City Council. Also, promote involvement in civic 
organizations and volunteer groups. 

* Seek to encourage initiation of a coordinated set of 
improvement programs carried out by civic organizations, 
merchants, and volunteers to attract desirable forms of 
development and to increase the number and quality of 
employment opportunities, commercial facilities, and 
cultural/entertainment facilities which are available 
to residents of Asheboro and the surrounding area. 

STREETS AND TRAFFIC 

GOAL: Plan and promote development of a street and highway system 

adequate to serve existing and future development in the 
planning area. 


- 10 - 


OBJECTIVES : 


• Request N. C. State Department of Transportation 
assistance in providing assistance and periodic 
update of the thoroughfare plan for the 
Asheboro area. 

• Require adequate widths for all new streets and 
on-site parking in all forms of new developments. 

• Minimize the number of driveway entrances into 
commercial property along busy streets. 

• Assist persons living along inadequate streets in 
the extraterritorial area to obtain adequate mainte- 
nance of these streets. 


- 11 


SECTION II : BACKGROUND DATA 


A. DESCRIPTION OF THE PLANNING AREA 

An understanding of certain characteristics of Asheboro and the 
planning area is basic to planning for future land use and development. 
Background considerations for planning include; 

— the location of the planning area in relation to 
other development in the region 

— the geography and other natural features of the 
area 

— general characteristics of the population and 
economy of the planning area. 

REGIONAL SETTING 


Asheboro, the County Seat of Randolph County, is located near the 
geographic center of the State and in part of the fast-growing Piedmont 
Crescent. Four urban areas each, with a population in excess of 50,000 
persons, are within a 50 mile radius. Two of these areas have populations 
of over 100,000 persons. Less than 75 miles away is the City of Charlotte, 
the largest urban area in the Carolines. 

Asheboro is served by one major rail line — the C. & NW Railroad, and 
four major highways — U.S. 220, U.S. 64, N.C. 49 and N.C. 42. The terrain 
is more rolling than that normally found in the central piedmont region due 
to the effect of the Uwharrie Mountain range. Elevations range from around 
600 to about 1,000 feet above mean sea level. 

Asheboro, being the largest urban area in the County, serves as the 
principle trade center for the county and also for portions of surrounding 
counties. 


BOUNDARIES OF THE PLANNING AREA 


This plan encompasses all of the City of Asheboro , but it also considers 
more land than just that within the City limits. The General Assembly has 
given all towns in North Carolina the authority to plan for and control de- 
velopment in the fringe area just outside of town as well as within the town 
limits. This authority was bestowed because the development outside of town 
exerts a potential influence on the town, and because most major new develop- 
ment coming to a town actually locates outside the town limits, is ultimately 
annexed into town, and, therefore, should be planned and developed according 
to town policy. The extraterritorial jurisdiction may be exercised within a 
defined area extending not more than two miles beyond the corporate limits 
for a town in Asheboro 's size range. However, when additional references 
are made of Asheboro 's planning area, the corporate limits arrd the zoned 
fringe areas are considered (see figure 2) . 

HISTORY 

Asheboro was originally settled by English Quakers and Scottish 
immigrants . 

On Christmas Day, 1796, the North Carolina General Assembly ratified the 
first charter for the Town of "Asheborough" . Fifty acres -of Jesse Enley's 
land were laid off in "one acre lots and streets of not less than one hundred 
feet wide, with convenient alleys." 

Although the location of the town was an undeveloped tract, it was 
selected because of its being the center of Randolph County. 

Asheboro 's early development can be attributed primarily to the water 
power furnished by two nearby rivers — the Deep and the Uwharrie. Several 
mills were built along these rivers. The Uwharrie River winds through the 
Uwharrie Mountain Range and flows into the Pee Dee River — one of the major 
streams in the Carolines. The rocks of the Uwharrie Mountains are classified 
by geologists as among the oldest in North America. Through the ages, these 
ancient rocks have been so worn by the elements that their present height 
rarely exceeds 1800 feet. They are encompassed by the Uwharrie National 
Forest, southwest of Asheboro. 


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NATURAL FEATURES 


CLIMATE 


The planning area is nearly 150 miles from the Atlantic Ocean at the 
northwest point, and is thus outside the immediate influence of maritime 
weather. Summer days are warm, but not as warm as in the lower lying areas to 
the east; summer nights cool rapidly, and the early morning temperature 
averages below 63 degrees at the warmest time of year. July is the warmest 
month, with August and late June only slightly cooler. 

Ninety degree temperatures are common in the summer months, but occur 
only occasionally in the spring and early fall. Temperatures as high as 100 
degrees have been recorded in June, July and August, but are extremely rare; 
periods of several consecutive years may pass without a single occurrence of 
100 degrees . 

Precipitation is usually ample in the Asheboro area, and the distribution 
throughout the year is favorable. The wettest season is summer, when man, 
agriculture and industry make the greatest demands on the water supply; the 
driest season is autumn, when most crops are harvested. Heavy snowfall is 
rare, and the whole winter may pass without the occurrence of measurable snow. 

POPULATION 


Asheboro annexed an adjoining area on July 1, 1970 that was not included 
in the 1970 census. The merger was large enough to invalidate the 1960 and 
1970 census Information. Since population data from the census report is not 
available for the corporate limits nor the extraterritorial area, Asheboro 
C. D. staff provided population estimates based on a 1974 housing count. 

According to revised figures from the State of North Carolina, Asheboro 's 
population on July 1, 1972, was 16,674 or about 21% of the total county 
population. Overall population growth over the past few years has looked 
this way; 


- 14 


TABLE I 

Population; Asheboro, Asheboro Township, Randolph Coxinty 


YEAR 


Area 

1940 

1950 

1960 

1970 

1960-70 

Asheboro 

6,801 

7,701 

9,449 

15,351 

62% 

Asheboro Township 

10,736 

13,893 

17,344 

19,801 


Randolph County 

44,554 

50,804 

61,497 

76,358 



Source; Piedmont Triad Council of Governments (Asheboro Township and 
Randolph County) 1970 Census (Asheboro Population 1940-1970) 

TABLE II 

Black Population; Asheboro and Randolph County 
Area Total Year 

Asheboro 1,279 1970 

Randolph County 5,572 1970 


Source; 1970 Census of population 

Although the population growth rates for the City of Asheboro, Asheboro 
Township and Randolph County have fluctuated sharply at times over the past 
three decades, all three areas have experienced increases for each decade. 
Asheboro Township and the City of Asheboro have grown at about the same rate 
as the county, except for the 1940 - 1950 period when the township rate almost 
tripled that of the city. In every decade except for the most recent one, 
the population growth rate of the Township has exceeded that of the County. 

The City's growth rate exceeded that of the County and Township in 1970 when 
Asheboro City, used parts of South Asheboro, West Asheboro and Balfours merged 
to Asheboro 's new corporate limits. 

The Black population has always been less than 10% in both the city and 
the county, which precludes much in the way of meaningful minority input into 
local governmental decision making (see figure 3). 


% of Total Population 
8 % 

7% 


- 15 - 


TABLE III 

Population Projections 



Present 

Projected 

Population 



Population 

1980 

1990 

2000 

Asheboro 

15,351 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Asheboro Township 

19,801 

23,110 

26,060 

28,910 

Randolph County 

76,358 

87,380 

96,660 

105,130 


Source: Piedmont Triad Council of Governments 

It should be noted that these projections are estimates based on past 
trends; they are not predictions as to what will definitely occur. For 
instance, there is no attempt in the projection methodology to speculate 
upon repercussions of future economic developments, whether national trends 
or local happenings such as major new development or other economic boons or 
catastrophe which might directly impact the Asheboro area. Also, the 
projections ignore to some extent the possibility of annexation of present 
and future development outside of the city. If, for instance, the City 
should undertake a sizeable annexation program, the population could easily be 
increased in a few months time by several hundred persons by this mechanism 
alone. This justifies why there are no future projections for Asheboro new 
corporate limits. 

ECONOMY 


Geographically located in the center of the state, Asheboro 's growth has 
been spurred regionally by that taking place in Greensboro, Winston-Salem, and 
the Research Triangle Area. The past ten years has seen influx of industry, 
no doubt influenced by the city's provision of utilities. This influx of new 
industry has begun to shift the traditional economic base away from textiles 
allowing for a more diversified manufacturing complex. A growing white collar 
presence in managerial and service related fields has accompanied this recent 
growth. In Asheboro, *46.5 percent of the work force are employed in manu- 
facturing-related occupations, while *46.0 percent are employed in white collar 
positions. Rate of unemployment is approximately *2.4 percent, which is not 
indicative of the problem of underemployment characteristics of mill industry. 


* Source: Social and Economic Characteristics, 1970 census. 


- 16 - 


The resultant effects of such growth are easily Identifiable in the physical 
appearance and general mood that the city projects. Asheboro displays no clear 
delineation of space, resulting in a physical layout void of unifying character- 
istics. Growth appears to have been disjointed in nature, visually damaging the 
communities’ appearance. The influx of industry has not been particularly 
effective in helping to develop a sense of community, though their Influence 
may be seen in the fact that the city has historically never defeated a local 
bond issue. Thus water and sewer facilities as previously mentioned are 
sufficient for current needs. Table IV documents economic trends produced by 
the previously mentioned industries. 

TABLE IV 


Economic Data 



Asheboro 

Randolph County 

Population 

15,241 

76,358 

Households 

4,800 

24,500 

Gross Retail Sales 

67,891,466 

120,275,739 

Food Sales 

7,891,000 

21,476,000 

Drug Sales 

1,939,000 

3,176,000 

Furniture, Household Appliances 

1,574,000 

3,584,000 

Automotive Sales 

9,906,000 

13,551,000 

General Merchandise 

7,919,000 

10,068,000 

Effective Buying Income 

52,311,000 

226,358,000 

Per Capita Income 

4,800 

2,921 

Per Household Income 

10,898 

9,239 


Source: Asheboro Chamber of Commerce, 1970 Sales Estimates 

As indicated by Table IV, Asheboro is the financial hub of Randolph 
County. The gross retail sales are 56% of the county's total; food sales 
are 37%; drug sales are 63%; furniture and household appliances are 44%; 
automotive sales are 73% and general merchandise sales are 71%. 

Commerce is the second largest employer in Asheboro. In 1960, there were 
716 Asheboro residents employed in trade, much of which was in retail sales. 
This constitutes 16.5 percent of total employment. Manufacturing and 
commerce combined accounts for almost two thirds (65.4%) of the City’s 
total employment. 


- 17 - 


Other areas of economic endeavor employing a substantial number of ^ 
persons were: Professional and related services (education, medicine, 

public administration, etc.) personal services (private households, hotels, 
theaters, etc.)» and construction. As previously stated, the professional 
and related services attribute to the increase of white collar positions in 
the area. 

There is a considerable number of persons working in the Asheboro 
Planning Area who live outside the area. Asheboro 's labor recruiting areas 
cover a radius of 25 road miles (approximately 30-40 minutes driving time.) 
The area includes all of Randolph County and a portion of Alamance, Chatham, 
Davidson, Guilford, Montgomery and Moore Counties. According to 1970 census 
data, 212,720 persons reside within 25 miles of Asheboro 

As might be expected form the County's unemployment rate, there is a 
sizeable pool of recrui table production-related workers within the area. 

The composition of this reservoir of workers is shown in Table V and V-A. 

TABLE V 

Number of Recruitable Production-Related Workers Within Asheboro Area 

Type of Workers 

Total Inexperienced 

Available Experienced But Referable 

Workers Workers And Trainable 


Miles 

Total 

Male 

Female 

Male 

Female 

Male 

Female 

0-15 

2,310 

1,280 

1,030 

1,200 

960 

80 

70 

15-. 20 

2,010 

1,105 

905 

1,055 

850 

50 

55 

20- 25 

3,825 

2,085 

1,740 

2,005 

1,635 

80 

105 

TOTAL 

8,145 

4,470 

3,675 V 

4,260 ■ 

3,445 

210 

230 

Source: 

Employment Security Commission of North 

Carolina , 

"Estimate 

of 


Recruitable Workers for Industrial Expansion Area of Asheboro", 
April 30, 1975. 


- 18 - 


TABLE V - A 


Major 

Occupational Class of 

Job Applicants 





Professional 


Farming 




Technical 

, and 

Clerical 

Fishing , and 



Total 

Managerial 

and Sales 

Forestry 

Processing 

Male 

4,470 

490 


305 

40 

145 

Female 

3,675 

145 


795 

5 

120 

Total 

8,145 

635 


1,100 

45 

265 


Machine 

Bench 

Structural 

Miscellaneous 

Partials 


Trades 

Work 

Work 


Occupations 

Partials 

Male 

680 

290 

885 


870 

565 

Female 

480 

850 

20 


285 

665 

Total 

1,160 

1,140 

905 


1,155 

1,230 


Source: Employment Security Commission of North Carolina, "Estimate of 

Recruitable Workers for Industrial Expansion, April 30, 1975. 

Table V and V - A contain data compiled by local Employment Security 
Commission offices serving the defined area over a 60 day period. It must be 
noted that these tables do not include all potential workers in the area, but 
instead, it includes those workers who have filed applications for jobs with 
Emplo 3 naent Security Offices. Additional workers can be recruited such as 
house wives, persons now commuting out of the area, etc. 

FAMILY INCOME AND INCIDENCE OF POVERTY IN AHSEBORO AND RANDOLPH COUNTY 


Social and Economic characteristics are given for the City of Asheboro 
(pre-1970 corporate limits) and Randolph County. Most of the data for 
Asheboro was compiled prior to the major annexation of 1970. However, the 
information is usuable in that Asheboro and Randolph County's information 
shows no great deviations as will be shown in the following tables VI - X. 


- 19 - 


40.2% 

TABLE VI 

POPULATION; ASHEBORO 
10,797 

(over 25 completing 4+ years high school) 


1.03% (non-worker - worker ratio) 
2.4% (unemployed) 

46.5% (employed - manufacturing) 


46.0% 

(employed - white collar) 

12.2% 

(employed - government) 


$9,254 (median family income) 


10.2% 

(below poverty) 

18.6% 

(above $15,000) 


Source: Social-Economic Characteristics, 1970 Census 

TABLE VII 

POPULATION; RANDOLPH COUNTY 


57.9% 

76,358 

Rural non-farm 


12.3% Rural farm 

1.05% Non-worker-worker ratio 
58.3% Employed-manuf acturing 


28.6% 

Employed white collar 

6.4% 

Employed government 

$8,894 

9.7% 

Median family income 
Families below poverty 

10.4% 

Families over $15,000 


Source: Social and Economic Characteristics, 1970 Census 


- 20 - 


TABLE VII 

Asheboro: 

I. Emp laymen t 

A. Total labor force; male; 2,903 (80.4% of age group) 

female; 2,384 (54.5% of age group) 

B . Median earnings 

Male (16 years +) ; $6,163 

Female; $3,841 

C . Income 

Median $9,254 

Mean $10,513 

Per capita $3,275 

13,190 poor families receiving public assistance 
24.5% all persons receiving social security 
Households; 49.3% owner occupied 
50.7% renter occupied 
mean gross rent $66 
20.0% lacking some or all plumbing 

TABLE IX 

II. Black Population 
Population; 1,279 

A. Education; enrolled (3-34 years) ; 404 (58.4%) 

years completed 

Male (25 years +) ; median years; 9.5 
Female (25 years +) ; median years; 9.4 

B. Employment 

Total labor force 495 

Male; 345 (64.0% of total age group 16 +) 

Female; 250 (53.4% of total age group 16 +) 

C. Income 

Median; $5,418 
Mean; 6,359 

Per capita; $1,553 

= below poverty level (75 families) 

24.6% of all families 

N.A. families receiving public assistance (base figure too small 
to be shown or withheld) 


21 - 


C. 


Income (cont'd) 
Households : 


30.6% 

(below poverty) 

N = 106) 

33.0% 

owner occupied 


67.0% 

renter occupied 


n.a. 

mean gross rent 


62.3% 

lack some or all 

plumbing 


TABLE X 

III. Randolph County 

Total population; 76,358 

A. Education: 

enrolled (3-34 years): 19,047 (46.9%) 

years completed 

male: (25 years =) : median years: 9.4 

female: ( ): median years; 10.1 

B . Employment 

total labor force: 36,945 (employed; 36,197) 

male: 21,279 (83.9% of age group - 16 years +) 

female; 15,675 (56.6% of age group - 16 years =) 

C . Income 

median: $8,894 

mean; $9,409 
per capita: $2,731 

below poverty level (N = 2,039 families) 

9.7% of all families 

13.3% of poor families receiving public assistance 
26.1% persons receiving social security 
households = N = 2,338 (13.4%) 

16% owner occupied 

39% renter occupied 

$54 mean gross rent 

32.0% lacking some or all plumbing 


- 22 - 


Randolph County ; Black Population 
Total population; 5,572 

A. Education; enrolled 1,838 (53,698) 3-34 year group 

years completed male; median years 8.8 

(of 25 years + group) 


female; median years 9.5 

Employment 

Total labor force; 2,152 (total employed; 2,041) 
male; 1,158 (72.4% of total age group 16 +) 
female; 994 (53.6% of total age group 16 +) 

Income 

median; $6,265 
mean; $6,727 
per capita; $1,547 

below poverty level (N = 298 families) 

24.7% of all blakc families 
15.1% families receiving public assistance 
11.7% persons receiving social security 
Households (N = 317) = 28.4% below poverty 
52.7% owner occupied (N 167) 

47.3% renter occupied (N 150) 

$48.00 mean gross rent 

68.8% lacking some or all plumbing 


Asheboro 

Population 

A. Education enrolled 3-34 years N = 2,724 (53.4%) 
Median years completed; Male; 10.9 

(of age 25 and over) Female; 11.0 

B. Employment 

Total labor force (Total Employed ) 

Male; 2,903 (80.4% of age 16 +) 

Female; 2,384 (54.5% of age 16 +) 


Source; Social and Economic Characteristics, 1970 census 

The average family income in Asheboro in 1970 was $9,254, while the 
County's average family income was $8,894, verifying that Asheboro and 
Randolph County are similiar in nature. 


- 23 - 


B. ANALYSIS OF EXISTING LAND USE 

The existing pattern of development is a given quantity which must be 
analyzed prior to formulating a plan for development in the future. Such 
an analysis indicates not only the present distribution of land use, but 
indicates where strong and weak points exist and highlights trends which 
appear to be occurring. 

For planning purposes, land use can be divided into several categories. 
The general building style and site development characteristics and function 
within each category are related, and each category is fairly distinct from 
the other categories: 

Residential — includes detached single family homes, apartments, 
mobile homes, and mobile home parks 

Commercial — includes retail businesses as well as those uses in 

which private persons provide various services to the 
public for profit. 

Industrial — includes manufacturing and processing plants and large 
outdoor or indoor storage areas. 

Governmental — includes lands owned by the city, county, state and 
federal governments 

Socio-cultural — churches and private or semi-private recreation 

facilities 

Open space, agricultural and wooded lands — lands which are largely 

free of structures, whether or not presently in 
productive use , 


- 24 - 


RESIDENTIAL LAND USE 

The residential areas are shown on the land use map. There is a 
considerable amount of residential land use outside of the city limits; in 
fact, forty percent of all the housing units in the planning area are 
located outside of town. 

Housing Conditions 

A. In order to logically determine the community's needs as a basis for 

establishing housing goals and objectives, a housing conditions survey 
was conducted by the Planning Department of the City of Asheboro, in 
December, 1974. Information collected form this survey, and from all 
sources, was used in these ways: 

1. To determine the overall conditions of the housing stock on both 
a collective and an individual basis, and to establish housing 
characteristics . 

2. To determine location of blighted neighborhoods, and those 
neighborhoods having the potential to become blighted in the near 
future. 

3. To determine the nature of environmental conditions which have a 
detrimental impact on the quality of neighborhoods such as 
unsuitable streets, poor drainage, visual blight, etc. 

4. To delineate areas where certain actions are needed to correct ' 
existing conditions and generally make neighborhoods more viable. 

Those actions include: 

a. Dilapidated Structure Removal 

b. Intensive Code Enforcement 

c. Voluntary Home Improvements 

d. Housing for the Elderly 

e. Housing for low/moderate income families 

f . Public Improvements 

g. Nieghborhood Facilities 


- 25 - 


Housing Characteristics 

The Housing Conditions Survey was the basic tool used in establishing 
housing characteristics. This data was supplemented by Census information 
and pertinent records form the City’s Codes and Inspections Department. 

TABLE XI 

Total Dwelling Units in 1974 - 5,561 (excluding Mobile Homes) 




Total 

Owner 

Rental 

1. 

Occupied Units 

5,394 

3,614 

1,780 


Standard (sound) 

7,749 

2,512 

1,237 


*Substandard 

1,548 

1,080 

468 


**Dilapidated 

97 

22 

75 

2. 

Vacant Units 

167 

113 

54 


Standard 

63 

44 

19 


Substandard 

32 

21 

11 


Dilapidated 

72 

48 

24 


Source; 1970 Census 

*Substandard is defined as being deficient in one or more "critical" 
aspects of a dwelling unit as stated in the City's Minimum Housing Standards. 

**Dilapidated is defined as deterioration beyond the point of 
economically feasible rehabilitation. 

The Substandard category implies that the structure is suitable for 
some type of major rehabilitation work. Eleven percent fall into this 
category. Another twenty-five percent of the total housing stock would be 
considered suitable for minor rehabilitation work. 

After all survey data, census data, and information taken from 
mimlcipal records was collected, recorded, and analyzed the City was 
divided into 16 identifiable sections for the purpose of establishing 
observable neighborhood characteristics. 

Neighborhood Analysis revealed that overall conditions existing in 
Sections number 1,5,6,8,9,10, and 12 as shown in figure 5 casue them to fall 
in the fair to poor category. 


- 26 - 


Sections 1 and 9 are clearly the areas having the greatest need for 
corrective action. Most of the City’s blight conditions are concentrated 
in Section 9. The characteristics of this section, as observed during the 
survey are; 

1. Approximately 45% of the city's dilapidated structures are located in 
study area 9, which contains only 10% of the total number of all 
residential units city -wide. 

2. High concentration of visual blight. 

3. Large number of dewlling units are renter-occupied, with average rent 
being $63.00 per unit as compared with $81.50 city average.* 

4. Poor street conditions apparent. 

5. Location of majority of public housing units. One hundred thirty-five 
units (out of a total of 200 for the city) are located in the area; one 
hundred section 236 housing units (subsidized rent) (out of a total of 
150 for the city) are also located in Section 9. 

6. Average value of residences is below $10,000.00.** 

Section 1 basically has the same conditions that exist in Section 9, 
only on a much smaller scale. The exception to this is the absence of public 
or subsidized housing in Section 1. The remainder of the above-cited neighbor- 
hoods (5,6,8,9,12) can be characterized as generally "fair”, but containing 
isolated spots of blight and other unsatisfactory conditions. 


*Source 1970 Census 

**Source 1970 Census 


- 27 


MOBILE HOKES 

The increasing demand for the residential use of mobile homes may cause 
problems for the city in the future. Presently, large numbers of mobile homes 
are located within North Asheboro and the fringe area. This is probably due 
to the strict regulations which the city has adopted to control and limit the 
conditions under which a mobile home can be set up inside the Asheboro 
corporate limits. This problem is going to be intensified now that the county 
is preparing a comprehensive zoning ordinance that will also severely restrict 
mobile homes. Thus, the future status and regulation of mobile homes in the 
local area is an issue of immediate importance, and should be squarely faced 
when the City’s zoning ordinance is revised. 

INDUSTRIAL LAND USE 

Asheboro is somewhat unusual in that virtually all of the industries in 
the planning area are located inside the city limits, rather than in the out- 
side fringe area as is the case in most communities. The locations of 
industries have long been established, and the Land Devleopment Plan Indicates 
little change due to the available space within the city. The locations of 
the kinds of land uses beraring the "industrial" designation are shown in 
blue on the land development plan map. 

Industries consume sizeable chunks of in-clty land along Salisbury Street 
just west of the CBD, in the industrial park between U.S. 220 Bypass and 
U.S. 220 Business South, along Dixie Drive (U.S. 64) east of Fayetteville 
Street (U.S. 220-S) and in the Balfour area along Central Avenue. 

TABLE XII 

Selection Criteria for Industrial Sites 


Outside of, but near a town 

Generally level land not requiring extensive preparation 
Near major highways 
Rail service available 


28 - 


Table XII (cont'd) 

Sufficient utilities 

Sufficient area for large buildings, parking, landscaping, 
and future expansion 

No Incompatible uses nearby and protection by zoning form 
encroachment by other uses. 

Good soil characteristics — well drained with adequate bearing 
strength 

Pool of potential labor available 

Sites available for sale, preferably with near term delivery 
possible for required utilities 

Easy access to cultural and recreational amenities 

There are several industries located within the Central Business 
District which might ideally be located elsewhere, on the periphery of town 
in the Industrial Park. These uses are, however, constitute the older, 
established industries of Asheboro and can be expected to remain in 
existence at their present locations. 

The major manufacturing use outside of the center city are Superior 
Stone and Paving located in the Northwest section of Asheboro planning area, 
an Asphalt Plant located in the Northest section of the planning area and a 
large furniture manufacturer on Lewallen Street southwest of the city. 

FUTURE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 

New industrial development in the planning area is perhaps the prime 
means of working toward Asheboro 's goal of improving economic conditions for 
residents of the planning area. As the economic section of this report 
indicates, there is a large pool of recrul table workers within the general 
vicinity. Assuming that the area is of interest to a new employer seeking a 
site, the land development plan is structured to offer suitable attractive 
locations for industrial sites within the Asheboro planning area. 

The industrial areas shown in the land development plan were chosen 
after a consideration of criteria concerning the "ideal" industrial site. 


- 29 - 


FUTURE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT (cont'd) 

These criteria are sinmnarized in Table XII. To further explain the first 
point in the table, most industries today prefer to locate near a town, but 
outside of the city limits so that the plant can take advantage of proximity 
to a concentrated labor pool and city services (sometimes including city 
utilities) without paying city taxes. This trade-off is acceptable to cities 
because the general upswing in the economy which accompanies new industry 
more than off-sets initial public investment in providing services to the 
plant, and subsequent development in the plant vicinity often warrants 
eventual annexation. 

CCMMERCIAL LAND USE 

The original commercial development in the planning area is located 
downtown as would be expected, and also as strip-type development located 
along U.S. 220 Business. A considerable amount of commercial development 
has occurred in recent years along U.S. 64 Bypass (Dixie Drive). The most 
significant commercial developments which have occurred in recent years are 
the Hammer Village Shopping Center, located on the U.S. 64 Bypass, and North- 
gate Plaza Shopping Center on North Fayetteville Street at Old Liberty Road. 

Other new commercial developments have occurred in the southwest section 
of the planning area. Actually, the existing and new commercial establishments 
are beginning to identify with the North Carolina Zoo, which is located seven 
miles southeast of the planning area. Several businesses have adopted the 
word "Zooland” to precede the existing names. (Zooland Furniture, Zoo land 
Camping, etc.) 

There are several neighborhood grocery stores in the residential areas 
throughout the city. Many of these stores appear to be in poor condition and 
seem to be economically marginal operations. 

In the extraterritorial zoned area, commercial development is limited, 
probably due to the relative lack of public utilities. There is a small clump 
of commercial land use along U.S. 64 east, which includes basically service 
stations and neighborhood businesses. Other uses are generally home occupations 
and grocery stores. 


30 - 


FUTURE DEVELOPMENT 

As the economy section indicates, commercial growth, at least for the 
near term can be expected to be relatively modest. However, sound land use 
planning should guide commercial development in logical, publicly agreed- 
upon directions to assure the greatest benefit from any commercial Investment 
made, for both the town and the individual business investor and operator. 

There are several factors relative to connnercial development in the 
planning area which the land development plan has addressed: 

1. Potential for expansion of the downtown commercial area is limited by — 

- existence of sound residential development closely bordering the 
existing business area 

- low traffic volume capacity of the side streets and high volume 
of through traffic on Church and Fayetteville Streets 

- limited vacant land for new buildings 

- existing industries which are generally incompatible with commercial 
development 

2. Presently, newer commercial uses are expected to locate somewhat 
haphazardly near or outside of the city limits on roads which will 
be used by the Zoo visitors. 


" 31 


RECREATIONAL LAND USE 

With \ of Asheboro's current population under 24 years of age*, the 
issue of recreation is an immediate one. The development of facilities 
and programs does not appear to have kept pace with the demand for 
recreation. The general problem seems to be in these areas. 

1. Acquisition policies that still depend too often on individual grants 
of land to the city rather than a policy of active securement of 
desired areas. 

2. Inadequate recreational facilities in east and north Asheboro. 

3. Apparent lack of developmental coordination between city/county and 
private interests. 

A full-time recreational program began in the city in 1968 (one of the 
last in the state to do so) . Response to inquiries from local Jaycees and 
youth groups moved city officials to hire one full-time professional staff 
member; the staff has since been enlarged to — full-time employees as well 
as seasonal, part-time staff as needed. 

The city lacks adequate indoor facilities, which has lead to the 
formation of a private citizen group interested in the development of a 
YM-YWCA Program. The fund drive to raise money for purchase of land failed 
to raise sufficient funds, leading to the issuing of a loan. Due to Y 
regulations requiring initiation of construction within 3 years of in- 
corporation, as well as the apparent lack of public support, the effort 
seems to have a doubtful future. Cooperation between the "Y" group and the 
local recreation department has been spotty, leading to an overall effort 
which has been counterproductive. 


*Source: Social and Economic Characteristics, 1970 Census. 


- 32 - 


The budgeting and funds management process has been somewhat loose. 
Allocation of money for the recreation program has often met council 
resistance. This seems to arise from: 

1. A tendency to view hardware investment as the top priority in the 
area of capital improvements. 

2. A dependency on the proposed YM-YWCA as a possible provider of rec- 
reational programs in lieu of city provision. 

RECREATIONAL NEEDS 

A good measure for assessing the amount of public recreation space 
a town should have to adequately meet its residents' desires is about 10 
acres per thousand people, although this is not an absoulte figure. This 
standard would mean 190 acres of recreational space in the case of Asheboro 
Planning Area. Another general rule of thumb is that from 25 to 50 percent 
of this space should be developed for neighborhood use, with the rest 
devoted to city-wide facilities. 


Source: National Parks and Recreation Association. 


- 33 


Some of the existing facilities are as follows: 

TABLE XIII 

PARK AND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES 

Soft- Base- Tennis Play- Picnic Other 


Name 

Acres ball 

ball Courts 

Ground 

Area 

Facilities 

Menorlal 






Park. . . 

15 1 

1 L.* ** 6 L. 

X 

X 

Swimming Pool 

Frasier 






Park . . . 

4.1 1 


X 

X 

Shelter & 






Club House 

Westwood 






Park. . . 

4.9 



X 

Shelter 

Hammer 






Park . . . 

1.1 


X 

X 


Park St . 






Park . . . 

.8 



X 


Redding Rd. 






Park. . . 

3.7 





Shannon 






Rd. Park. 

2.5 





City Lakes 




X 

Fishing , 






Boating 

Teachey 






Sch. . . 

** 


X 



Llndley Pk. 






Sch. . . 

** 

1 

X 



McCrary 






Sch. . . 

** 


X 



Balfour 






Sch. . . 

** 


X 



Central 






Sch. . . 

** 1 


X 


Wading Pool, 






Gym 

Golf Course 

... Shelter, Club 

House, nine-hole 

golf course 



* L. designates lighted facility. 

** small to moderate sized facilities. 

(See the land use plan for proposed park site.) 


- 3A - 


VACANT LAND 

The percentage of vacant land Indicates an abundance of land available 
for new growth In all categories. (Residential, Commercial, Industrial and 
Semi-Pub 11c) . 

Much of the vacant land In the City can be attributed to the 1970 
merger. Although North Asheboro Is a part of the urban area, parts of It 
have a seml-rural setting. There are very few cluster t 3 ^e developments 
In the entire area. 

PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE 

This chapter discusses the public utilities and facilities which serve 
the citizens of Asheboro, and In some Instances, all residents of the 
planning area. These publicly owned facilities and utilities, which Involve 
In some cases a substantial amount of land use, can be referred to as the 
"public Infrastructure". Included In the public Infrastructure category are 
streets and highways, water and sewer systems, and schools. 

STREETS 

Asheboro ’s existing street network can be appropriately described as a 
patchwork of small loosely connected systems which result from Independent 
subdivision developments. It Is apparent that developments have taken place 
over the years with little thought given to the overall street system. With 
the exception of 2 bypasses (U.S. 64 - N.C. 49 and U.S. 220), major streets 
focus on the downtown area. Too few streets have been developed as through 
streets to provide adequate continuity for traffic movement In the area. 

In many cases, traffic Is forced to travel a circuitous route In going from 
one place to another. 

The area Is served form the outside by two U.S. routes (U.S. 220 and 
U.S. 64) and two N.C. routes (N.C. 49 and N.C. 42). U.S. 64 and N.C. 49 are 
routed along the same facility through most of the area. U.S. 220 and U.S. 64 
-N.C. 49 were designated principal arterlals In the 1968 Functional Highway 
Classification System. U.S. 64 west of N.C. 49 Is classified as a minor 
arterial and N.C. 42 as a major collector In the functional highway system. 


- 35 - 


There are 35 intersections in the area where traffic movements are 
signal controlled. Eight of the intersections are operated as semi-traffic 
actuated. The remainder are operated as pretimed. The controller at U.S. 6A 
and Park Street is a fully-actuated controller, but is operated as a semi- 
actuated controlled with detectors only on U.S. 64. The controller at Park 
Street and Salisbury Street is semi -actuated but is operated as pretimed. 

NEEDS 

1. Alleviation of the existing and .projected capacity problems on both 
Fayetteville Street and Salisbury Street either by street widening or 
shifting a percentage of their traffic to other streets. 

2. Relief of congestion in the CBD, much of which can be done by correcting 
problem area 1 as stated above. 

3. Provide for continuity of designated thoroughfares by corrective offset 
streets intersections and providing missing link connectors. 

4. Provide additional routes for east-west traffic flow north of the 
business area and for north-south traffic east of the business area. 

5. Locate an outer loop around Asheboro to be implemented as the need arises. 

6. Designate an intermediate loop capable of providing a means of 
circumventing the central area for traffic moving from one outlying area 
to another outlying area. 

7. Determine cross sections required on existing thorough fares to carry 
1995 traffic volumes. 

8. Provide for the anticipated relocation of N.C. 49 bypass south of the 
City and for the construction of U.S. 311 extension north and east of 
the City. 

9. Anticipate the use of Cox Road as the initial access route to the 
North Carolina State Zoo. 


- 36 - 


SCHOOLS 

The Asheboro City Schools Include five elementary schools, two junior 
high schools, one high school, and one administrative building, as follows. 


TABLE XIV 

ASHEBORO CITY SCHOOLS 


Name and Address 

Date of 

Size of 

Estimated 


1974 

of School 

Construction 

Property 

Value (yr) 

Facilities* 

Enrollment 

1. Administration 



$76,000 

Offices 


Building 






2. Balfour Elem. 

1925 

6 acres 

63,000 

y y d ^ 6 

423 

200 N. Fayette- 






ville Street 






North Addition 

1948 


42,000 



South Addition 

1948 


33,000 



Cafeteria 

1952 


44,000 



Library 

1958 


3,000 



Storage House 



200 



3. Lind ley Park 

1954 

8 acres 

435,000 

a,b,d,e 

460 

Elem. 






Randolph Ave. and 






Cliff Road 






4. Loflin Elem 

1936 

5 acres 

230,000 

a,b,d,e 

480 

405 S. Park St. 

1960 





Loflin Annex 

1962 


98,000 



5. McCrary Elem 

1958 

15 acres 

440,000 

a,b,d,e 

539 


400 Ross 


37 - 


Table XIV (cont'd) 

6. Teachey Elem. 1964 20 acres 417,000 a,b,d,e 517 

New Bern Ave. 

7. Asheboro Jr. 1963 25 acres 890,000 a,b,c,e,f 773 

High 

523 W. Walker Ave. 


8. N. Asheboro Jr. 1968 100 acres 930,000 a,b,c,e,f 546 

High 

Bailey St. Ext. 


9. Asheboro High 
1221 S. Park St. 


1950 25 acres 1,610,000 a,b,c,d,e,f 1,045 

1954,1960 

1970 


10. Asheboro City 4,100 a 

Mobile Classroom 

* Facilities: a - classrooms; b - library; c - gym; d - auditorium; 
e - cafeteria; f - laboratory 


Source: Asheboro Community Facilities Plan and Capital Budget, 1970 

The system’s enrollment projections foresee a student population which 
will either remain at current levels, or perhaps even decrease slightly in 
coming years. 

Long-term school budgeting can, therefore, be programmed for renovation 
and new equipment purchases rather than for construction of additional 
classrooms. Significant amounts of new residential development could 
necessitate additional expansion, however. School authorities should be 
alerted of all new substantial residential development. 


- 38 - 


Instead of stating needs » this report will give proposed school sites 
based on present and future population distribution. Also, consideration will 
be given to the aging existing school facilities. 

PROPOSED SITES 
Elementary Schools 

1. West of Uwharrie Street near the U.S. 220 Bypass 

2. Along Lexington Road west of the U.S. 220 Bypass 

3. Along Dublin Road north of Dixie Drive 

4. Along the proposed new radial thoroughfare between the eastern 
extension of Presnell Street and Allred Road. 

5. Between North Fayetteville Street and the U.S. 220 Bypass 

6. Near the intersection of Central Avenue (SR 1504) and Central 
Falls Road (N.C. 49-A) . 

Junior High 

1. Northeast of the City of Asheboro near the proposed new radial 
thoroughfare north of the eastern extension of Presnell Street. 

Senior High 

1. Adjacent to the junior high west of Balfour near the U.S. 220 
Bypass. 

Water System 

"Raw" water for Asheboro is obtained from four impounding lakes on Back 
Creek tributary stream west of the City and three streams. These lakes 
provide a raw water storage of 1.4 billion gallons. The present system can supply 
6,000,000 gallons per day. The peak load on the system in 1974 was 4,294 
gallons per day; thus, the water available above peak load is 1,706,000 gallons 


- 39 


per day. Needless to say, Asheboro has ample water supply for the 
immediate future. 

Water is treated at the plant on Winslow Street, and is pressure- 
transmitted throughout the system, by a main pumping station at the 
treatment plant, and by supplemental pumps located where needed through 
out the city. Almost the entire developed area of the city presently is 
served by water lines, and extension of lines as needed is a relatively 
simple procedure, if funds are available. Lines were extended to recently 
annexed areas in 1969-1970 and the process continues yearly. 

NEEDS 

1. The city has several areas with "two inch" water lines that 

should be replaced as soon as possible. Modern service requirements 
necessitate a minimum water line the size of six inches. 

2. The City might reconsider its policy regarding water service beyond 

the city limits. Homes in several densely developed areas 
outside the city rely on individual wells for domestic water. 

Since the homes also generally utilize septic tanks, some 
possibility of contamination of ground water exists and this 
possibility will become more severe as further development occurs. 

SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM 

Asheboro ’s sanitary sewer system is of the gravity flow type, except 
for a few small areas where topography requires pumps and force mains. The 
entire developed area of the city is served by sanitary sewers, except for 
the vicinity of Hawthorne Road to the south, the Farmer Road area to the west, 
and the Hamlet Lakes and Wihningham Farms areas to the east. 

Asheboro 's new four million gallons per day waste treatment plant is 
located just below the confluence of Haskett's Creek and Pen Wood Branch, 
along which streams are located the main disposal lines of the Asheboro system. 
The plant accomplishes primary (physical) and secondary (biological) treat- 
ment of raw sewage, the liquid effluent is being released into Haskett's 


- 40 


Creek one mile and a half above Deep River. Presently, the amounts 
of effluent released into the river have been within acceptable EPA 
standards . 

The expansion of Asheboro's sewer facilities in the future will be 
contingent upon the completion of the "201 Facilities Study" recently 
completed by Moore, Gardner & Associates, Engineering Consultants. 

NEEDS 

1. Although the treatment plant has a sizable surplus capacity, many of 
the sewer lines are operating nearly at design capacity. This 
indicates that a few outfall lines (major collection lines leading 
to the treatment plant) should be built to handle the effluent from 
new developments. The proposed location of these outfall lines 
will be indicated in the "201 Facilities Study". 

2. The city should seriously consider assessing property owners for 
part of the construction cost of sewer lines serving their property. 
An alternative to construction assessment would be levying a 
"privilege connection charge" at the time the customer taps onto 
the system. 

3. The City Council should study the needs and desirability of 
extending sewage lines into heavily developed areas outside the 
city limits (either with or without annexation) . 

4. To protect Asheboro's treatment plant and assure that the treated 
wastes will meet state and federal requirements, the city should 
consider enacting a "sewer use ordinance" which would limit the 
strength of sewage which could be deposited in the sewer system. 
Under such an ordinance, waste exceeding the strength limitations 
included or containing matter or having properties specifically 
excluded would have to be pretreated by the user prior to discharge 
into the system. 


- 41 - 


ASHEBORO'S LAND DEVELOPMENT PLAN 


The land development plan for Asheboro is discussed in this chapter 
and is illustrated in Figure 7. This plan is based upon an analysis of 
existing conditions and needs and upon the town’s goals and objectives for 
the future. These considerations are discussed in the first sections of 
this report. 

Key features of the land development plan include those which: 

— direct most residential development to areas which have or 
can receive public utility service; 

— seek to protect those few remaining areas which are most 
desirable for industrial usage from other types of development; 

— preserve potentially valuable land from unplanned development 
of undesirable forms; 

— protect marsh and floodplain areas from all kinds of improper 
development . 

This plan seeks to achieve a land use pattern which is compatible with 
existing development and which respects the constraints which Nature has 
placed upon future development of some portions of the planning area. These 
portions are to be developed only within their capabilities, if at all. 

The discussion which follows deals with each component of the land 
development plan and land use map. 

RESIDENTIAL LAND USE 

Residential areas are shown in brown (high density) , orange (medium 
density) , and yellow (low density) on the land development plan map^ Due 
to topography and availability of utilities and proximity to the CBD and 

^Density refers to square feet per dwelling unit, high density (7500 square 
feet or less) mediim density (10,000 square feet) and low density (15,000 
square feet) . 


- 42 - 


other development, the area between South Asheboro and North Asheboro is 
expected to develop residentially sooner than the areas on the fringe of 
the planning area. New residential growth is now occurring in the vicinity 
of Legend Park which is northeast of Asheboro. The area west of Balfour in the 
vicinity of the new Junior High School has considerable potential for 
residential growth. Substantial residential growth is expected in the Central 
Falls Sanitary District and adjacent areas. A significant amount of growth is 
forecasted in the southeastern part of the planning area between Fayetteville 
Street and Cox Road. New growth is also forecasted in the Mack Road area, 
due south of the present city limits. 

New subdivisions should be planned with residences fronting along new 
streets rather than along existing highways. To the maximum extent possible, 
these subdivisions should be planned and coordinated with city utility plans 
so they may receive city services and may be added to the corporate area. 

Medium density residences such as garden apartments and townhouses can be 
somewhat less expensive than single family dwellings and can provide a more 
readily available source of housing for persons not wishing to buy a detached 
home. Thus, such housing is one means of staisfying the city’s goals of 
increasing the variety of housing available to its citizens. Such housing 
would be permitted in the residential areas shown in the Plan if served by 
public utilities and if other locational criteria were met. Residential 
development occurring in other areas should be at very low density, one acre 
lots or larger. Homes are not allowed in areas where soils are totally 
unsuitable for residential development or in areas reserved for industrial use. 

Commerlcal Land Use 

The distribution of commercial land use is designated to promote the 
city’s goal of encouraging more intensive development of the existing 
commercial areas near the Central Business District and to discourage the 
scattering of small commercial uses Indiscriminately throughout the planning 
area, except for certain specific neighborhood commercial centers as indicated 
in the plan. 

The Northgate Plaza Shopping Center, located on North Fayetteville 
Street is the largest commercial development yet to occur outside the 
Central Business District. 


43 - 


Further strip commercial development along Fayetteville Street and 
Dixie Drive should be discouraged. Strip-type development along a major 
thoroughfare not only reduces the effectiveness of the facility to carry 
traffic, but adds to congestion and creates hazardous conditions for motorists 
and pedestrians alike. It is desirable to concentrate commercial services 
at certain locations along or at the intersections of major highways in order 
that traffic entering and leaving these establishments can be properly 
controlled. There is no way to control traffic movements into and out of 
the many driveways characteristic of strip development. 

The Land Development Plan indicates commercial establishments in the 
following areas; 

Neighborhood Businesses : 

1) The intersection of U.S. 64 and N.C. 42. 

2) The intersection of Lexington Road and U.S. 220 Bypass. 

3) The intersection of Spring Street and Old Salisbury Road. 

4) The intersection of Liberty Road and Balfour Avenue. 

Other Areas are: 

5) Southeast of U.S. 220 Bypass; the area is bounded by Cedar 
Fork Creek on the north, east, south and in the west by 
U.S. 220 Bypass. 

6) Area north of the Intersection of U.S. 220 Bypass and Dixie 
Drive; the area is an extension of the intersection 
encompassing N.C.S.R. 1448 and the intersection of Mack 
Road and Albonarle Road. 

These areas are designated by red on the Land Development Plan map. 

Those areas with a strictly neighborhood orientation are indicated by the 
capital letter "N". 


44 - 


Industrial Land Use 

Two major areas are allocated for new industrial use in addition to 
the enlargement of several existing industrial areas. These areas are 
shown in blue on the land use map. Each new area is convenient to good 
transportation: highway, railroad, or both. Each is also generally 

undeveloped at present. Finally, each has soils which are well drained 
and have bearing strength capable of supporting most industrial buildings. 
These industrial areas are located as follows: 

Proposed 

1) Vicinity of East Salisbury Street and U.S. 64-N.C. 49 Bypass. 

2) Along the west side of the railroad track between North 
Fayetteville Street and the U.S. 220 Bypass. 

The planned expansion of existing areas, as well as the selection of 
the two new areas were based on such requirements as access to railroad and 
major highways, topography, and availability and reseirve capacity of existing 
utilities. 

Expansion 

3) The areas around the Acme McCrary plant on East Pritchard 
Street. 

4) The Balfour Mill in North Asheboro. 

5) The industrial park south of Asheboro. 

The existing industrial areas inside the Central Business District are 
not enlarged under the land development plan. It is desirable but no 
practical to eliminate these uses; relocation should be encouraged; when 
and if feasible. 

Parks and Other Open Space 

In support of the city's goals to provide parks and recreational 
facilities for its residents, the land development plan shows several 
proposed parks at various locations throughout the city. See figure 
number 6. 


- 45 - 


In the planning area, soils along the watercourses are unsuitable 
for most forms of development; these areas are most valuable in 
their natural state to collect and distribute storm and flood water, 
to recharge the ground water supplies and to provide a habitat for 
wildlife. The land development plan retains these areas in their 
natural state, with only farming and limited forms of development 
permitted. 

There are portions of the planning area which will not be served in 
the foreseeable future by public utilities. Development in these 
areas should be limited to very low density uses, and in most areas 
agriculture and forestry should continue the primary usage of these 
lands. Such areas are indicated in the open space category on the land 
development plan map. If detained as open space at present these areas 
may be potentially quite valuable as sites for industries, large 
commercial uses, or planned residential developments in the future. 

Highways and Streets 

The land development plan contemplates little change in the existing 
street and highway network in the planning area, but several needed 
improvements are discussed below: 

1. Fayetteville Street (U.S. 220 Business) - Widening to a four 
lane section from the southern boundary to Liberty Road and the 
addition of a 16-foot median thereafter should provide sufficient 
capacity for the design period. 

2. Salisbury Street - Widening to a four lane section is recommended as 
well as providing left turn lanes at intersections where devel- 
lopment setback will allow. 

3. N.C. 42 - While N.C. 42 does not deliver traffic to the Central 
Business District it will serve as an extension of Salisbury Street 
and will carry the bulk of the traffic desiring to travel to points 
southeast of Asheboro. 


- 46 - 


4. Sunset Avenue - Sunset Avenue will act to carry traffic utilizing 

S.R. 1004 to and from the Central Business District. 

5. Cox Street - This street will be utilized by traffic going to 
and from the Central Business District from the south and will 
supplement Fayetteville Street. Also, Cox Road will become 
the initial access road to the N. C. Zoo. 

6. Albemarle Road (N.C. 49) - Albemarle Road will carry traffic to 
and from the southwest of the urban area. Widening to a basic 
four lane facility. 

7. Mack Road (SR 1104). 

8. Liberty Road (SR 2261). 

9. Kivett Street - Powhattan Avenue - Farmer Road. 

10. Central Avenue (SR 1504). 

11. Lexington Road (SR 1004). 

IMPLEMENTATION 

This plan has outlined Asheboro’s desires for future development. 

The plan can be carried from concept to actuality through what is called 
an implementation process. This chapter discusses various means available 
to implement the land development plan. 

Implementation is within the responsibility and capability of private 
persons and organizations, as well as the several levels of government. 

Many of the activities discussed below can be carried out or initiated by 
various branches of local, county, or state government, sometimes with 
federal assistance. It should not be forgotten that many efforts can also 
be spearheaded or assisted by civic organizations and other groups interested 
in furthering the aims of the Asheboro comprehensive plan. 


- 47 


The plan should be consulted regularly by the Town Board In making 
each small decision which in time brings the town closer to the goals and 
objectives expressed in the plan. However, the full responsibility for 
implementation of Asheboro's land development plan does not rest with the 
local government alone. It rests with all of the citizens of the community 
as well. 

GENERAL MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION 

There are several legal tools and broadly based financial assistance 
programs which apply to the town as a whole and which can be useful in setting 
up an overall framework for implementation. 

Zoning 

Zoning regulations are particularly impprtant in shaping land development. 
The ordinance helps to insure that land uses are properly located with respect 
to one another, that sufficient land is available for each type of use, and 
that density of development is suitable both to the level of community 
services available and to natural features of the land. 

Zoning may be enacted by the Town Board and may be enforced within the 
corporate limits and in the extraterritorial area within one mile outside the 
town limits as well, according to State Enabling Legislation. The City's 
present zoning ordinance should be revised. The revised zoning ordinance 
could aid in the attainment of every goal and objective identified in the 
goals and objectives section of this plan. Therefore, preparation, adoption, 
and enforcement of the zoning ordinance should be a top priority item. 

Subdivision Regulations 

Subdivision regulations can insure that proper design standards are met 
as new areas are developed and that necessary Improvements are provided in 
the subdivision. New home owners are assured that sanitary systems will 
function properly, that promised paving, storm drainage, curbing and other 
improvements will be properly Installed, and that accurate markers will be 
provided for properly line surveys. The chief benefit of such regulations 
is their ability to prevent many future problems, while planned developments 
are still lines on paper rather than substandard lots sold to unsuspecting 
purchasers. Furthermore, subdivision regulations would help achieve the 
following objectives: 


- 48 - 


1. The encouragement of high standards in areas to be developed 
for residential purposes. 

2. The encouragement of new home construction to increase the 
housing supply and upgrade the general level of housing quality. 

3. The promotion of an attractive community appearance by 
encouraging visual attractiveness. 

4. The establishment of an adequate park and recreation system by 
encouraging dedication of space in new subdivisions for such 
purposes . 

5. The promotion of safety and a continuous street improvement and 
construction program by insuring good circulation patterns and 
design standards in new subdivisions. 

6. The utilization of subdivision regulations will encourage 
orderly and systematic growth of the community. 

Codes Related to Building 

Codes establish minimum standards for construction, plumbing, heating, 
and electrical installations, as well as providing for inspection and for 
enforcement of these standards. The State of North Carolina has adopted 
uniform model codes and encourages municipalities to adopt the same or 
stricter codes. The City of Asheboro should utilize and rigidly enforce 
building, electrical, plumbing, heating, health, and sanitary codes. In 
the one-mile area, the city may elect to enforce building codes if so desired 
If the city decides not to enforce building codes in the one-mile area, the 
county could assume responsibility for enforcement. The responsibility for 
code enforcement in the one-mile area will require further study as to which 
level of government can provide the service most efficiently and economically 
In any case, enforcement of building codes will help achieve the following 
objectives: 


- 49 


1. The maintaining of high living and building standards of present 
residential areas exhibiting such characteristics. 

2. The encouragement of high living and building standrads in areas 
to be developed for residential purposes. 

3. The improvement and promotion of adequate living and building 
standards in blighted residential areas. 


Annexation 

It is desirable for development which occurs at urban densities to be 
inside the corporate limits so that it can benefit from the public services 
and utilities that such development requires for the health and safety of its 
residents. Annexation should be of special consideration when significant 
amounts of residential development are proposed outside the current corporate 
limits. With this in mind, the town should continue to study the feasibility 
of annexing areas east, west and south of the corporate limits. Annexation 
would also help achieve the following objectives. 

1. The promotion of comprehensive planning of community services 
and facilities. 

2. The planning of expanded water and sewer services and 
facilities . 

Housing Improvement 

There are many forms of housing assistance programs available to help 
needy persons provide adequate shelter for themselves and their families. 
Avenues available for consideration include a housing authority, public 
housing, mortgage assistance, rehabilitation loans, and units with reduced 
rent due to assistance to the owner. 

Other housing improvement measures that may be used include the following: 

1. Local organization such as civic clubs and the Chamber of 

Commerce may help organize and conduct neighborhood clean-up, 
paint-up, and fix-up campaigns. This should be done on a yearly 
basis. 


- 50 - 


2. The city should demolish those vacant housing units that are beyond 
repair and housing units that have partially been destroyed. 

3. All streets in residential areas should be paved, with adequate 
drainage insured. 

The preceding actions would help achieve the following objectives: 

1. The promotion of an attractive commxinity appearance by 
improving visual attractivess throughout the community. 

2. The encouragement to improve and promote adequate living and 
building standards in blighted residential areas. 

3. The improvement of the process by which unsafe buildings are 
condemned and demolished. 

4. The encouragement to construct new homes to increase housing 
supply and upgrade the general level of housing quality. 

5. The broadening of the range of housing types available in 
Asheboro. 

6. The emphasizing of safety and a continuous street improvement 
program. 

7. The insuring of good circulation patterns and pedestrian safety. 

8. The encouragement of adequate storm drainage. 

Commercial Growth 

In addition to controlling commercial growth through zoning, the 
following additional measures may be desirable. These measures will also 
be helpful in achieving the objectives outlined under the goal of 
promoting sufficient commercial activity to strengthen the community's 
tax base and insure continuing growth. 


51 “ 


1. Strictly enforce the sign ordinance to insure proper visual appearance 
in all commercial areas. 

2. Improve store front development in the downtown business area 
through painting and remodelling by owners and tenants. 

3. Increase the beautification of the downtown business area by 
planting trees and installing flower boxes. The foliage should 
be of such a nature that it requires little maintenance. 

Industrial Growth 

In addition to controlling industrial growth through zoning, the following 
additional measures may be desirable. These measures will also be helpful in 
achieving the objectives outlined under the goal of promoting sufficeint 
industrial activity to strengthen the community's tax base and insure 
continuing growth. Furthermore, the first implementation measure may help 
achieve the following environmental objectives: 


1. The development of a program to achieve high water quality. 


2. The promotion of an attractive community appearance by im- 
proving visual attractiveness throughout the community. 


3. The monitoring of all sources of possible air pollution. 

Measures to control and promote industrial growth: 

1. Review industrial prospects by considering such things as noise, 

visual unsightliness and/or water and air pollution. The Department 
of Natural and Economic Resources, Office of Water and Air Resources 
may be of some assistance in those areas. 


2. Review industrial prospects by considering such things as site 
requirements, traffic generation, transportation needs of the 
Industry, adequate utility services, and adequate buffers. 


■ 52 " 


3. Asheboro should participate in the North Carolina Governor’s 
Award Program to assist it in becoming better prepared for and 
more attractive to industrial development. This effort can 
assure that development opportunities are presented to prospects 
in the context of city plans and capabilities of the planning 
area to assimilate growth. 

Parks, Recreation, and Open Space 

The following methods may be employed to implement the ideas relating 
to parks, recreation, and open space in the plan. 

1. In addition to the recreation site plan being prepared by the 
city and the consulting planner, the Department of Natural 
and Economic Resources, Division of Recreation, is available 
to answer questions and provide information on park and re- 
creational development . 

2. If additional park land is desirable in the future, the following 
methods are available to obtain more land. 

a) Outright purchase of lands by the city. 

b) Encourage dedication or gifts of property for recreational use 

c) Purchase and lease back method - a community buys land for 
future recreational use, but leases it to the former owner or 
another party until such time as recreational facilities are 
needed . 

d) Pre-emptive buying method - a community may buy a few strategl 
cally placed parcels of land which control additional 
surrounding acreage by their very nature. 

e) Utilize federal and state grants to supplement local budgets 
for the pruchase of additional park acreage. 


- 53 - 


3. Set aside a sufficient amount of money for recreation equipment 
and program operation. 

4. Subdivision regulations should require that recreational space 
be included in large new developments. The zoning regulations 
can require that recreational areas be included in mobile home 
parks. Since the city is developing a large community park, 
recreational space in developing areas would probably be smaller 
in scale, such as playgrounds and vest pocket parks. 

5. Utilize flood plain zoning along the indicated waterways and other 
scattered areas subject to flooding. Once this is accomplished, 
compatible recreational uses may be developed in these areas. The 
Department of Natural and Economic Resources, Office of Water and 
Air Resources may be of some assistance in determining flood 
hazard zones . 

The preceding implementation measures will also help achieve the following 
objectives : 

1. The establishment of an adequate park and recreation system by 
encouraging park dedication and public purchase of lands in the 
planning area that are suitable for recreational purposes. 

2. The encouragement of the dedication of park and recreation space 
in new subdivisions. 

3. The encouragement of environmental protection by excluding urban 
development (excluding limited recreational uses, farming and other 
similar limited activity) from those areas subject to possible 
flooding. 


54 - 


Transportaion 

The following measures may be used to Implement the ideas established 
under the thoroughfare section of the plan, as well as the attendant objectives 
listed under the goal of promoting accessibility and safety in area 
transportation . 

1. Utilize Powell Bill funds, local taxes, revenue sharing, and/or 
bond measures to improve local streets. 

2. The city should continue to work with the State Highway Commission 
to implement and update its thoroughfare plan. 

3. Utilize subdivision regulations to guide street development 
in new residential areas. 


- 55 - 


General Revenue Sharing 

The federal government is returning a certain percentage 6f the city’s 
tax funds to the city for use as the city council sees fit, subject to certain 
restrictions. These funds can be utilized for many forms of community devel- 
opment projects. Careful consideration should be given the use of these funds 
in order to discourage the spending of general revenue sharing funds for items 
and projects which can be financed readily by other means. 

Rural Development Act 

The U.S. Congress has recently passed an act giving highest priority to 
the revitalization and development of rural areas (Public Law 92-419, August, 
1972) . This act has many provisions which could assist Asheboro in imple- 
menting the land development plan, such as loans and grants for community 
facilities construction, industries, and housing. Money is only now 
becoming available under the act and all of its sections are not yet funded. 
However, the city council should become familiar with the act and aggressively 
seek financial assistance wherever possible. 

Citizen Participation 

In an effort to make the plan an effective guide for community growth, 
citizen participation should be encouraged. This should be a continuing 
process in which community goals and objectives are constantly being reviewed 
and updated. 

Community Facilities and Services 

The city should develop a comprehensive policy for the maintenance, 
improvement, and extension of community facilities and services, such as 
fire protection, policy protection, and water and sewer services. A 
capital Improvements budget, revenue sharing, bond measures, 201 facilities 
planning, and funds from the Rural Development Act will be useful in helping 
to achieve the objectives of the goal of providing adequate community 
services and facilities. 


- 56 


ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT 
Abstract 

The study defined a pattern of orderly and systematic growth for the 
City of Asheboro and its environs based upon an analysis of physical, 
economic, and social conditions, local traditions and desires, and basic 
urban planning principles. Once the analysis was completed and a plan 
described, implementation strategies were offered. It should also be noted 
that the planning period or time span for this report will be approximately 
20 years, with 1995 being considered the target year. Tentative plans for 
an update and reappraisal of this document should be made so that such 
work is scheduled for the fiscal year 1986 (beginning July 1985) or sooner 
if warranted. 

Environmental Effects 
Beneficial Effects: 

1. Preservation of open space and natural features. 

2. Protection of flood plain areas. 

3. More efficient use of available land. 

4. Encouragement of good visual aesthetics and overall community 
appearance . 

5. Upgrading of blighted neighborhoods is encouraged. 

6. Encouragement of land utilization based on compatibility. 

7. Upgrading of local street conditions is being encouraged. 

8. A community clean-up or improvement campaign to beautify the 
environment is being encouraged. 

9. A centralized public water and sewer system is being encouraged 
when development is to occur at high densities. 


- 57 


10. Topographical and soils information is being utilized with encourage- 
ment to use a completed soils survey analysis in conjunction with any 
development. This should encourage sound ecological planning as 
various land uses can be matched with compatible terrain. 

11. Adverse environmental effects such as excess noble, pollution, and 
odors are being considered and minimized where possible through the 
recommended use of buffers and industrial locations. 

Adverse Effects: 

1. Reduction of some natural vegetation. 

2. Increase of rain water run-off. 

3. Increase of sanitary sewer effluent and solid waste. 

4. Some urban sprawl is likely to occur. 

Unavoidable Environmental Effects 

Effects of development under a plan would be either uncontrolled growth or no 
growth at all. The former alternative would cause untold damage to the 
environment while the latter would cause the town to stagnate. 

Relationship Between Short-Term Uses of the Environment and Maintenance of 
Long-Term Productivity 

The plan proposes orderly and systematic growth which will encourage efficient 
land use and protection of natural features. Over a long period, some farm 
lands and unproductive vacant areas will be encroached by development, but 
this should be minimal if efficiency is encouraged and utilized as a policy. 

Irreversible and Irretrievable Commitment of Resources 

The conversion of agricultural and wooded lands to urban uses cannot be 
reversed; however, a compact outward growth will mitigate the effects of 
the loss of the above lands in the planning area. 


- 58 


Applicable Federal, State, and Local Controls 

Federal - National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 

Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1964 
Environmental Quality Act of 1970 

Executive Order 11514, March 1970, Protection and Enchancement 
of Environmental Quality 

Executive Order 11593, May 1971, Protection and Enhancement of 
the Cultural Environment 
Rural Development Act of 1972 

State - Water Use Act of 1967 

Planning and Regulation of Development, Chapter 160A, Article 19 
Soil Conservation District Law of 1937 
Sedimentation Pollution Control Act of 1973 
North Carolina Environmental Policy Act of 1971 
"Rules and Regulations Governing the Control of Air Pollution," 
January 21, 1972 

"Rules and Regulations, Classifications, and Water Quality Standards 
Applicable to the Surface Waters of N.C." October 13, 1970 
"Rules and Regulations Providing for the Protection of Public Water 
Supplies," August 26, 1965; amended September 19, 1968 
"Rules and Regulations Governing the Disposal of Sewage from Any 
Residence, Place of Business or Place of Public Assembly in 
North Carolina," 8/26/71; 1/8/74 

Local - Plan recommendas updating of the city's zoning ordinance. 

Plan recommends updating of subdivision regulations. 

Building and Housing Codes 

Plan recommends flood plain controls 

Mitigation Measures 

The adoption and use of the plan by public and private groups and participation 
by the citizenry will mitigate adverse environmental effects. Continued 
enforcement and updating of all planning reports will also assist the 
community in this regard. 



r 


- 58 


Applicable Federal, State, and Local Controls 

Federal - National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 

Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1964 
Environmental Quality Act of 1970 

Executive Order 11514, March 1970, Protection and Enchancement 
of Environmental Quality 

Executive Order 11593, May 1971, Protection and Enhancement of 
the Cultural Environment 
Rural Development Act of 1972 

State - Water Use Act of 1967 

Planning and Regulation of Development, Chapter 160A, Article 19 
Soil Conservation District Law of 1937 
Sedimentation Pollution Control Act of 1973 
North Carolina Environmental Policy Act of 1971 
"Rules and Regulations Governing the Control of Air Pollution," 
January 21, 1972 

"Rules and Regulations, Classifications, and Water Quality Standards 
Applicable to the Surface Waters of N.C." October 13, 1970 
"Rules and Regulations Providing for the Protection of Public Water 
Supplies," August 26, 1965; amended September 19, 1968 
"Rules and Regulations Governing the Disposal of Sewage from Any 
Residence, Place of Business or Place of Public Assembly in 
North Carolina," 8/26/71; 1/8/74 

Local - Plan recommendas updating of the city's zoning ordinance. 

Plan recommends updating of subdivision regulations. 

Building and Housing Codes 

Plan recommends flood plain controls 

Mitigation Measures 

The adoption and use of the plan by public and private groups and participation 
by the citizenry will mitigate adverse environmental effects. Continued 
enforcement and updating of all planning reports will also assist the 
community in this regard. 


CITY OF 

ASHEBORO 

NORTH CAROLINA 


ANNEXATIONS 1959-1970 



V 


ktaiHo 


□ 


1099 


909«9 acr«t 


Bl 


1980 


228.7 


1083 


24.1 


1987 


593.4 


1988 


43.8 


1989 


1070 


3320.2 


1971 


3.8 


141.4 


ANNEXATIONS 


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KAiJOnAO HTROM 



MAP 1 


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ANNEXATIONS 1950*1^70^0 ''Tio 

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CITY OF 

ASHEBORO 

NORTH CAROLINA 


OLD AND NEW CITY LIMITS 



LEGEND 
North Ashaboro 
South Asheboro 


SvT-' 






A 


N< 



Mi- 




CITY OF 

ASHEBORO 

NORTH CAROLINA 


PLANNING AREA 



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MAP 3 



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CITY OF 

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NORTH CAROLINA 


MINORITY NEIGHBORHOODS 



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CITY OF 

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NORTH CAROLINA 


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NORTH CAROLINA 


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CITY OF 

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NORTH CAROLINA 



LEGEND 

Low Donsity Ratidential 
Madium Density Residential 
High Density Residential 
Commercial 
Industrial 


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t 


LAND DEVELOPMENT 
and 

SKETCH thoroughfare PLAN