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Packet #500 
February 2 1 r 1973 


"What Do You Do, Lie Down and Let Them Whip You 

to Death?" A V • s * t to Comstock Prison ! 

Saigon Continues Ha'ass-ng Liberated Areas 3 

A Review of Hostages o ( Wa r : Saigon's Political 

P r i sone ^s A 

Ford President Attacks Clean Air Standards ,5 

Justice Department Goes Full Speed Ahead on 

D r a f t Re s i s r e ■ s , . . 5 

Government Report Shows Balls of Tar and Oil 

Present Throughout the Atlantic . ... 6 

Fou' Come to T'>ai Af te ' Government Suppression 

of Successful Ant ; - Add i ct i on Program , , 7 

Secret Memos Reveal Nixon’s Plan to Kill 0E0 

Before Congress Can Act , 7 

Navy Admiral Feted at Retirement Extravaganza.. .8 

-i. -v jl .. ... .v a a a a .k .. .. . . . .. ... .. .. .. ... ... ... ... .v. .\ x ... .v a ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... y. ... ... ... ... .u ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... y. yu ... ... y. y. y. ... .«. ... yu y. yu y. yu y- jl J. ... jl jl jl .l y. jl .1. y. y. jl jl jl y. .l y. .l y. jl .l 


COLLECTIVE: Anne Dockery, Beryl Epstein, Howie 
Epstein, Cidne Hart, Rozy Melnicoff, Sandy 
Shea, Mike Shuster, Jessica Sciegal , Ron Sirak. 

COMRADES: Safra Epstein, Deaver Collins 

CORRESPONDENTS : Rosette Co rye 1 1 Paris 

Schofield Coryell Paris 

Mark Wilson Montreal 

Richard Trench Belfast 

Teddy Frank 1 i n . . » , . • ... Box 4547, 

Berkeley, Cal. 94704 

J* X X 

» f\ *\ ** * 


Cover'- St' iking South African workers matching 

through Durban SEE STORY LAST PACKET--#502 
CREDIT Manchester Gua'd'an/LNS 

P-1: Photos taken at Comstock P'>son 

P-2- Photo o f Congressional g'oup inspecting Tiger Cages 
Photo of a woman and chi|d--two South Vietnamese 
po • 1 1 - ca i p - ‘ sone rs 

Two photos of NLP "suspects" about to be executed 

P _ 3 L'me Graphics: Ha-'; let Tubman, Nixon ready to fight, 

Cartoon strip on sexism, Medical 
Symbol, "Hey Soldier, r.he war's over" 

LIBERATION News Se ' ; ■ ce Second Class Postage 

Packet #503 Paid at New York, NY 

Febr uary 2 1 , ! 9 73 

)60 Claremont Avenue 
New Yo'k, N . Y , 10027 
Phone : (212) 749"2200 

Pub 1 'shed twice a week except for the last week of the month when it is published once a week. 
Subscriptions. $20 a month, $240 a yea.-, Copyright© J 9 73 by LNS News Service Inc, 


"WHAT DO iOD |n j , 

I ! u ; w.\ \.\|| ! J; I 1 1 ll -M mill' YOU 10 

[Editor's OiU 1 . Great Meadow Cor r ectiond l Fa- 
cility at Corns uk k, New York is a max i mum security 
prison located about 200 miles norm ot New York 
City, and 15 miles west or the Vermont border The 
city ot Comstock - 1 c e • r it noth' ng more than a post 
office, a l , p uode assigned to the prison because 
of the large amounts ot mail going there 

CciTibtooK, o', in: i i t peopie tami iiar with New York 
prisons refer to fir eat Meadow, was established in 
1911 as a ref u:n:«tc» v it was intentional iy built 
in this remora k-k ■ ' "‘ r “ vm-t as a place "to 
transfer young a » - : » '..King tngr of Tender s . . 
and to establish mere a bcnool ot Aqr icul ture," 
according to t ht s to te-puD ii shed history ot the in- 
sti lotion . 

• ' • ! !' lock houses over- '300 inmates, 95 per- 
c°i" ' ' '-r; b'tcick or ! a tin and more than 

half l. f ; . v : . . - tne borough or Manhattan in 

New Yea r CL.*. 't '-t the inmates are young, per- 
haps under 30 ; d,Mt onver-aoly the cider inmates 
are some of too 462 .■ k .. r jK'a f to Corns Lock from 

Attica dtte r tne Septet her , 1971 reoelliori there. 

Ot the mere thm 500 orison enp I Oy ees--342 
guards- --none a> c K 1 •«.!' or brown 

1 n 1 4 c : ■ 1 ■. o 1 " " t racial ^ 1 ash at 

Comstock that M,., k.k .. into tea and 5 guards F-o 
days atter trie : S / ? Aft.-ed r eoei i ion ended in the 
death of 43 - ersoriu, 75 inmates at Comstock threw 
bottles at guard:, and set fire to th°ir ^eils in a 
demonstration that enoed without m j mps 

£t the e..d or January a no the beginning ot Feb- 
ruary th' : 5 y ecK ’nreues at Comstock began refusing 
the "s t * ck " as a means of cornmunicotion A gua^d 
"using the st'i.u. tops h'K stick on the wail to in- 
dicate that he wan ts silence, that he wants people 
to move or- anyth ; n : ; that he might want When 

inmates refused t: oot> "stick", guards simply 
locked t her- -n fieu ceMs isolating them from the 
rest of the prison population Eventually, 700 
inmates, mo.-e than ha-f tne population, were in 
keep- Iock, a ^ ; •„ ■ s c a • i eo « s to p p i n g a i • wo c k in 
the prison 

The e ■ tr.h I;--*., p re^ m New York reported 
Corns tr 1 , , :-oys ng that inmates were re- 

fusiru ft k : when they were supposed 

to so they a;M: i.ei’-c locked in 

A few day b ;d te^ the iuCK-in ended two Liber- 
ation New; Serv-ce start members were a i 'lowed in- 
side Corns tu'jk to rite.K : £w several inmates They 
could not t.a i k to c : ' the men they had wanted to 
since tnree them were still «n keep-lock The 
following story, though, l s based on interviews con- 
ductor with ' men active in the strike who were 
back r M ison popuiatiun j 

U.y. IVj UK:. , - : ■ • " : 1 ' ' ■{ ' : a c 

that flic 7 - ! . jk ii.u- ■. i' J »;c Kid i ;■ .vci <_• kk 

and dc!',u' -uo • u i. k ? it' 1 h , '* -kkG i - Ca f an_a i j , 
an mfiKt e .. t 1 - i • , k - . ;*k c be » ng ? : an r r c r r ed f hex e 

from Alt l.. -i ;n Mu uitc-ruiath v m rhj ; ebe i „ . -...•n 

erintendcnt it he T : t J e Was changed from Warden in 
1J54 j J Lei and U-.-Jc- to the uies 2 <li*.r;ng the re- 
rent uo:k stoppage at uMi.'.ut'k 

M t!e -aid it wi.- pc,.-K?tL«l > trike :.n support 
ot giKe u n j e ~ tiiai the *n:»utes made to the adminis- 
t ? at . on vnj.- not t/ue.” Cat an taro explained what .utiiui; hupp «ined war that inmates began 
t l ining to "obv} the : -t ck" ^ a means of commun- 
u jUon and that wlien rhe> dal they uere confined 
to the.: cells 

l:.entuali> «D:k at Corns fO'*k-- the various fac- 
tories t her e produce n e? $650 ,000 yearly in pro- 
di.U' -(.Mi as f ! .’bu i .j fu-nito/e ar.d cleaning sup- 
pi c ... uha i r because more than half of the 

lojtt xninater ueie leaked \n thei^ cells for refusing 
to obe\ the ""UM" 

C-jtan-.n j u5 = -; r ibt-(i the partin-.lar incident 
in which he locked in; M 0 .n February 3 we went 
to the mess hail as usucM. at about 5 pm. The of - 
lu.ei on that shift never uses his stick There was 
about 25 ot i; and we had hut finished eating The 
uiticet is standing about i k. e teet away from where 
we ate s^tt^ng lie steps out in the haii and hits 
hi c st ok on the w a : i. When he hit the stick as a 
mean- oi vOmmun j. on T h e company refused to move. 
Three or icur men gut up to move and the rest stayed 

M Within five riunute- they had the root squad 
Kins down dressed m riot gear- - tear-gas mask s, clubs, 
and helmets Two of them ro^ -v’ery ore of us What 
the> were doing was inciting a not it was endan- 
ger ng my life <?.s we ). 1 as the lives or officers. It 
w a 3 uncalled for ” 

Talks wKth inmates '-eves’ ed that ‘‘his particu- 
'.a ' ncident reflected perhaps the two most poten- 
t;.dii\ dangerous as peers oi Comstock, or any prison 
-• erroneous' and harassment of inmates 
b) pr i -on employees, mostly guards. And a tour of 
r he p:* son conducted ty. a prison employee revealed 


eos> it 

i s 

to 10 

: £ - tght 

•of t 

hese situations in 

the ■ 

c i u 1 1 e r 


m jl n c r 


At e ' e 

( > 

rurn i 

t A 5 C pc A 


out than 

an inmate 

cl t C 

';m-tci k 

C 0 


T a high 


o.l diploma 

in the 

- . he 

J i , C ! 


: n c a x 

pen“r> or 

br i 

r.k laying 

in the 


v • t a 


t c . _ z 

1 r ' K 1 

i cut 

a screen 





hum! •. 

.a'Kur of 


ryday life 


on : > 

be exp 

^ - 

ned by 

inmates . 

"lhe -t.uck, n .-aid Sopi'Cv Ratliff, a black pri- 
rone: i : om .\e A York City, ; M c used to condition re- 
i j e\e.: There is no way l can see that this would 

be he Mul to .nmate on rhe cut^ideM’ Ratliff 

expi o.ned that "the wave M the hand would be more 
human .k i ng and wou’d be :-i relationship that would be 
respt'ttrd M 

Superintendent Ca-seles said cf the stick in- 
. dent. ‘’Guaids have been using fhf stick here for 
v e j : - Now a smai , group of people decide that they 
iicri’t go*.ng to respond x c jt and •. t becomes a big 
t Ii . n g ’ ' 

Bui tiie i-:ue «vf rhe vt ic k- -bev ».des being a 
i eg: t .mate gripe- -is or.-lv a part of the pattern of 
h i ‘-uient that inmates deal with In Casscles* 

own wa/d^. ,f i can g. ve orders but the correctional 
on ku axe Mic- one. that, interpret them.” 

The utui i u. i: . ; T-u rc-u a : c iho-u niade b> Sup- What tlm mean ? that inmate- are simply at 

Pan o' *l u i bLRAT i ON News Service (£ 503 ) February 2 l, 1973 more..,. 

"I feel theprimary objective of all inmates 
should be to get out, to get out as soon as possi- 
ble, " stated Samuel Ratliff, an inmate at Comstock 
Correctional Facility, in talking about a movement 
among inmates to obtain legal counsellors, 

"What we are trying to do is work on having 
law students come out of the law schools and help 
the inmates here." Ratliff explained that many 
prison inmates have legal steps open to them that 
could either gain their release or at least short- 
en their time. The main problem is that most of 
them aren't aware of their alternatives or don’t 
know how to go about filing the necessary papers. 

At Comstock, some prisoners are fortunate 
enough to know Larry Catanzaro, a middle-aged Ital- 
ian serving a life sentence, who has become a jail- 
house lawyer in his 12 years in prison. 

"Right now," said Catanzaro, "I am helping 
50-60 guys with their legal cases, briefs, appeals, 
letter writing and stuff like that." He explained 
that over the years he has beentrying to get lawyers 
and law students to work with the administration to 
set up a counselling program for inmates but that 
such a program has yet to be established. 

"Some men can’t even write letters. Someone 
has to help them," Catanzaro went on. "I claim I 
am a victim of an injustice and I know how I feel so 
I think I know how these other men feel . Many of 
the men here have a legitimate beef as far as the 
courts are concerned but they don't know how to go 
about presenting it." 

the mercy of guards. "Nobody knows what is expected 
of them," explained Catanzaro. "You do something 
one day and it is OK with a guard and you do the 
same thing the next day and a different guard calls 
you for it. It depends on if the guard likes you." 

Other inmates expressed the same feelings. 

"There is harassment here in Comstock," said Ratliff. 
"The administration would say that this is no more 
than the rules being enforced, but actually there 
are no rules. Anything that is done, if an officer 
feels it is a violation, it is written up and you're 
taken to court," 

For all inmates, harassment by guards is a 
daily problem. But for those involved in organizing 
work inside the prison it is even more of a threat. 
"If you are not a robot and start speaking about 
things you are a marked man," explained Tommy O'Brien 
a 28 year old white from Troy, New York. "As soon 
as you refuse to be controlled you become a threat 
to them," 

This idea of guards having total control over 
inmates seems to be a basic ingredient in the pat- 
tern of harassment. "Some officers are for prison 
reform," explained Catanzaro. "But then there are 
lots of others who think that reform is going to re- 
sult in them losing power and they resent it." 

This harassment of inmates by guards, especial- 
ly since all the guards are white and almost all of 
the inmates are not, reminds many of the inmates at 
Comstock who had been at Attica of the pre-rebellion 
situation there. 

Both Ratliff and Catanzaro feel that such legal 
work would work towards reducing the tensions at 
Comstock . 

"Many of the officers in here," said Catanzaro, 
"think that because of what I am doing in the courts 
that I am an instigator of trouble. They can't 
seem to understand that if they did not have the 
courts as an outlet this place would be like a keg 
of dynamite." 

Currently inmates at Comstock have class action 
suits in the court concerning such things as inade- 
quate medical care and the absence of any black or 
brown guards in a 95 percent third world prison 
Catanzaro himself has helped several inmates obtain 
release or to get reduced sentences. 

"If there is some way that we can have legal 
counsellors come in here to direct inmates and their 
appeals and stop time from being taken from them," 
Ratliff said, "then this would be very beneficial." 

Both Ratliff and Catanzaro appealed to Libera- 
tion News Service to help them get in touch with 
law schools or law students that are interested in 
establishing such a counselling program. People who 
have ideas for help should contact either Larry Cat- 
anzaro, #28676 or Samuel Ratliff, #29898 , at Great 
Meadow Correctional Facility, Comstock, NY, 12821. 

Palmer, a former Attica inmate who was arrested 
along with five others for an attempted firebombing 
of a New York City bank. "One of the most dramatic 
is that there are no black hacks [guards]". 

"Another is the tightness of the routine," 
Palmer explained. "I'm an ex-school teacher so I 
can tell you these jails are like schools just like 
the schools are like jails No one seems to care 
about the inmate because he is just a name and a 
number . " 

It was clear that the memory of Attica still 
is fresh in the minds of the inmates that were inter- 
viewed, as it must be with inmates in any prison. 

A movement has been started by prisoners to contri- 
bute a day's pay, 25 cents to a dollar, to the de- 
fense fund for the 60 inmates indicted for their 
part in the Attica rebellion. 

And prisoners are keenly aware that no guards 
or prison officials were indicted for the rebellion 
which ended in 43 deaths, 39 of which were known to 
be at the hands of the police attack force, 

"As long as the state responds to the kind of 
thing that happened at Attica by indicting only in- 
m ates and building more machine gun towers," said 
Palmer, "it is just going to keep happening again." 

"They're trying to say the thing at Attica was 
all inmates," explained O'Brien. "Sure, only in- 
mates tear the place up, but why did they tear it 
up? How much can you take? What do you do f lie 
down and let them whip you to death?" 

"There are plenty of similarities between Corn- 
stock,- and Attica in September 1971," said Robin 

Page 2 LIBERATION News Service 

More important, perhaps is the realization 
among many prisoners that any reforms they may get 

(#503 J 

February 21, 1973 

more . 

they owe to those who died at Attica Hanging over 
any non-violent prison actions that happen now is 
the shadow of Attica "If anything comes out of 
this five day strike," said Palmei , "if anything 
comes out of the otherkinds oi activities going on 
in other institutions, it will be something that 
will be built on the blood and terror that was 

But even with the presence oi Attica, change 
comes slow to prisons Inmates may now be able to 
smoke in the visitor’s room, but they are still 
strip-searched as they enter and leave They still 
become numbers in a green uniform that are sup- 
posedi to jump at the sound of a night stick strik- 
ing a wall 

"You have to struggle j ust to maintain your- 
self," explained O'Brien. "And if you try to help 
other people that is another struggle altogether. 
There is a tendancy to think 'why the hell bother,’ 
But if you don’t who is it that loses? I have to 
uffes as long as other people are suffering cause 
if they can get it off on them, they are going to 
get it off on me." 

Every day a man must spend m jail is a big 
thing," said Catanzaro, "One day to me means a lot, 
and that applies to thousands of others." 

People out there wonder why they don’t have 
meaningful change m prisons," O’Brien continued 
"Well, if they correct what needs to be corrected 
they would put themselves out of business The pri- 
sons, the courts and the police axe all inter-re- 
lated and interlocking You knock one down and 
they all have to fall This is the way the whole 
system is built; rock the foundation and the whole 
thing has got to come tumbling down," 

That seems the big battle--to maintain 
a humanity in a situation that is designed to take 
it away. And as O’Brien explained, prison must do 
more than that More than anything prisons must 
keep inmates from realizing why there are in pri- 

The strick regimentation is there so that pri- 
soners shouldn’t have to think about anything--al 1 
decisions are made previously. And if some try 
to speak out they are dealt with accordingly 

"They say you are militant, they say you are 
revolutionary, they say you are fanatic and when 
that doesn’t work they say you are crazy," O’Brien 
wfcnt on. "I’m tired of hearing that 1 know I’m 
not crazy. I know what I feel I know what I 
want ." 

The work stoppage at Comstock is over, though 
95 prisoners are still m keep-lock for their role 
in the action The administration has indicated 
that it will negociate with inmates about some 
long standing inmate demands - -such as low prison 
wages, censorship of mail and mess hall food 

But to the men who were interviewed at Com- 
stock, being organized is clearly more than a way 
to try to change the institution, it is a way to 
survive it "I have weaknesses," confessed O’Brien, 
"everyone has weaknesses. But when you understand 

Page 3 LIBERATION News Service (#503j 

your weaknesses you can turn them to strength, 

That is why it is important to have people you can 
depend on When you are weak and you are down some- 
one can give you the strength that you need " 



NEW YORK (LNSj --According to reports filter- 
ing back from South Vietnam, people living in lib- 
erated areas, as as members of the Provisional Rev- 
olutionary Government itseif, are not exactly be- 
ing treated by the Thieu government as one would 
expect during a ceasefire 

A recent statement by Dmh Ba Thi, a delegate 
of the PRG to ceasefire talks in Saigon, charged' 
that members of his delegation were being treated 
"shamefully " 

He noted that members of the PRG are not al- 
lowed contact with any other people from the South 
and that the press has not been allowed to inter- 
view them. A Saigon report reaching Paris on Feb- 
ruary 9 supported Thi’s charges, noting that 23 
South Vietnamese newsmen were arrested when they 
tried to enter the airfield where the PRG delega- 
tion is housed. 

In his statement Thi said ;"We demand that the 
Saigon administration cease all acts that hamper 
the application of the Paris agreement," 

A February 8 dis^-tch by Neil Davis, a camera- 
man for Visnews, an international film agency, has 
shown that people living m the liberated areas 
are subject to even more violent abuse, 

"A rickety sampan carried us into the liber- 
ated area," said Davis of his trip to the village. 
"All along the river bank the Viet Cong flag flut- 
tered from houses and huts " He was met at the vil- 
lage by an old man who grinned and said "Nothing 
to liberate here " 

But the calm m the village did not last long, 
Davis, who spent 24 hours in the village about 50 
miles sputh of Saigon, reported that while he was 
there a South Vietnamese helicopter flew over and 
"sprayed the area, spewing bullets at the rate of 
6,000 a minute, for 30 minutes as we sweated under- 
ground, Bullets got through the thick earth and 
bamboo ceiling" (of the shelter}, 

"When we finally climbed out dusk was approach- 
ing and I was led off with an escort of two sold- 
iers " 

He was told by his guides that "We must be 
careful of Saigon soldiers They sometimes send 
small squads into this area " 

"Before it began to grow dark," said Davis, 

"one of them looked at his watch and said ’there'll 
be Saigon artillery at 6 o’clock.’ 

"He was wrong," said Davis, "the shells came 

at 6:05." 

(See last packet for other PRG reports of cease- 
fire violations by the Saigon government and by 
the US j 

February 21, 1973 more.. 

f See graphics .t^n in this parks t and pa.kc’i 
# 49 7 , # SCO : " MM f u v ph ct os f o accompany t h u 

Hostages :f War: Sa.gon' c Political P» ^a r - 

by Holmes Brcwn and Don Luce, 

Indochina Mobile Education Project, ($. k SO i 

A LIBERATION News Sendee Renew 

If anyone has doub f s about the signal:. *n i. •! 
the "p r s one *. s ; ue " 1 n Sou Mi Vietnam or ab c u : r h • 
extent of IJ.S compile -ty the Saigon p*;. s % r as- 
tern. those doubts will ce>ta,nly be dispel ce t\» 
reading th s 'ep~ ' • 

In the t\'S r 3S pages, Holmes Brown and Dor 
Luce present we ). -documented chapters on stub r -p . < - 
as "The Laws/' '’Hie Police ; " "The Phoenix Pm c g ” 
"Amen can Respo n s *b: iit> and T he Saigon Go e miner* ; M 
and "Con Son A Personal View " 

Bum dor t think so much documentor’ ;n .. . *~c 

dry for genet 3 . consumpt ion You d be wrong I ?> . 
for instance one ong dia 1 :gue provided b> Dm Lu c 
Luce was working as a journalist in Sou T h V..s T nam 
in the summe ; ox )9"C when a. group of U S ccng/cr: 
men visited 'he country, Some of the ,, ong :e ss/no n. 
were scheduled * ? tour one of Thieu s p.t-son^ 

Iloa. a Sa g:n student who was arrested : n 196 8 
for p r e r es::mg an unfair draft law, had re -en* .y 

been released f v cm C on Son prison, and w an t e d t c 
make known the conditions m the prison He h -^d 
been k ept r. the Tiger C age s , small s ub * e v c an 
cells each hc d;ng three prisoners, some-.;. me- mc-e 

According a Con Son official; "The t_ge' 
cages existed during the time of the French * w *=• 
the most inhuman kind of treatment you .an. _magntr 
Prisoners were shackled to iron bars in tiny ages 

and deputed ot physical necessities and human d.-.g 
nities. Bu* these cages no longer exist " 

Most ot the American congressmen were nit an* 
ious to talk to Hoa. who knew too well T hat the ages 

did exist. But Rep Augustus Hawkins,, x /. im L An - 

les. was interested m his story and muted He. a 
and the other ■ congressmen to his hotel room t. d ?- 
cuss the situation. Two of the Americans axe, Don- 
ald Clancy zt C.nnna T ti and Robert Moliohan .1 
Fairmont. West V.. 'g;nc<*. Don Luce translated 

After Ho a detailed the tortures be had witnes 
sed and experienced at Con Son, the following ..n 
terchange t ?:-k pla e: 

"1 have sex- c?_oe 1 or you, ycur.g mac," 
sertat : ve y - ! .. : h ar s a . d t o the 2 7 -y e ar - o _d He 5 

"Yra ha* c a pci . i ' a system he v e Work thru ugh 

that s y ? T e rr. ; i . g:t emotions t'MTurg „.p W./y. 

for 1 ’h ,r rca- y-u /■ t r c see elected LcrMt g. a- 

round ' eu-mg * "'tM- is You re on_y gc_cg r. g. " 
throw r, tack v.i .he Tiger Cages and y:u wut i- 
anyb c dy arc g t b + r e r e 

"I i e t r e ^ ’ x. v' ling a r our. d V .sir. am a 
the las' - And I’ve seen some g ~ . i * r. . r g- 

Th: ngs are-’' pe - :> t Be things are . mp. : . g 

The M *~g v «- . rrs-* r^arvd r c get up > i-t - =.= u,.; 
in place r j, tie nr-** set* or the yoirg ma: ;v:.u 


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year thongs >v - ge*;^g te- r er I' . : xr a* ^ 

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- . i - p _ . c* r .d p .e h ... •- .n danger, the group 
w. d r,w A it ... /i; t . -me Boa ga.e rhem maps 
=.r d c'r r a . ied • . jo - , -arid the group was able 

' u und T he 1 . ge ? Cage-, phvt egraph ar.d talk to 

r he pi . r •. it - 1 he i e 

But : u: d •. n . u i t Hu a raid would 

re, doc- .n !^ 6 f pair to r he s c*t Col Nguyen 
v o.n >e, the pi u-a/iii ; r t. /. a to:: . Ve is now 

•r -barge -.1 Sa..-.gv. r. * - Ch A Hu a pn^cn He was 
d .. : m .. . ; e d i;^ It: p.. : ; t .. or at Cun Son when the 


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ctd Th 

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, r the report shows -- 


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th the Texas firm 

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and CBS have sub- 

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v g-aph 

t cd t- c there s h o w^s 

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H..- bed h ar.d cuffs 

made Sn« . r li W;> w r -n - piu.ngfa e Id , Mass. 

lb.' - 1 i T a.-,, j'/atP' : e-f ■ vn'~ on "Tteat- 
ncr T .i K- *Tr-M , " an J *’! • t r m? at •.,£* Re i : g - uus Groups . 

Th- a - r - T ..i "A nit. u ..a kc -pun? ibil i ty 
. p M.dt - a ■ r r ■ • r i i F r l > dr r. ? Agnew in 
A i » g i • - r u i a • . * t ■. * Mil,-; Ng... B,i Thanh, pro- 

:l- v.i .1 i : t * i, r pi- l »■> it Sa_gcr. University 
ud ilii • .w in j : Mu a ,ir i Cun.ih. ftee to Defend 
th k . gi ' t t j L . . \ Mv .fu ( i w > „ i ten on the 
u . ..I i \ vS u- • - - . * T j South viemam, re- 

F .. b .. u ..... . y : • more . . 


quested an interview with the vice-president and 
called his attention to the situation in the judi- 
cial and prison systems in South Vietnam. The in- 
terview was denied. 

In August of 1971, Ngo Ba Thanh was arrested 
for participating in a demonstration and for "hav- 
ing distributed printed material" that "undermines 
the anti-communist potential of the people," as wo I 
as "engaging in activities harmful to national sec- 
urity." She is still in prison. 

The documents, personal testimonies, inter- 
views, and the laws of Sotith Vietnam themselves 
provide more then enough evidence to condemn the 
Thieu regime and its American advisors. Enough evi 
dence even for those who might concur with Repre 
sentafiite Mollohan, who said to Clancy after heal- 
ing Hoa's story, "I don't see much difference be-«- 
tween young people here and in the States. They al 
exaggerate ." 

* * * 

For copies of the report write: Indochina 

Mobile Education Project, 1322 18th St. N.W., Wash- 
ington, D . C* 20036. 


#+#+#+#+#+#+#+#+#+# + #+#+#+#+#+#+#+#+# + # + #+#-+■# -t*# +> # + It ■ 


NEW YORK (LNS) --Claiming that the auto industry 
has "been backed to the cliff edge of desperation 
Ford Motor Company president Lee A. lacocca pro- 
posed recently a major relaxation of the Federal 
Clean Air Act to avert "a complete shutdown of the 
United States auto industry." 

Ford's reasoning is clear-~in order to comply 
with the 1970 Federal law designed, in theory, to 
protect the quality of the air in this country's 
smog filled cities, the auto companies would have 
to spend far more money than they would care to, 
thus reducing their profit margin. 

Instead, lacocca, in his February 15 address 
to the New York Chamber of Commerce, offered what 
he termed "a rational, orderly, temperate and ef- 
fective program for improving air quality in all 
of the 50 states without unacceptable penalties to 
our national economy, our personal mobility, our 
industrial vitality or our Government's credibility,’ 

Actually, this plan calls for less stringent 
requirements on car emission devices set for 1975 
by the Clean Air Act. Ford's proposals could be 
achieved with existing technology while a testing 
program is initiated in California to detirmine 
if it is really necessary "In terms of ait quality 
needs, technological feasibility and cost-effective- 
ness" to extend the stricter standards to the rest 
of the country. 

Environmentalists present at lacocca' s speech 
were quick to disagree with the Ford Company chief. 

In an interview with the New York Times, New York 
City's Commissioner of Air Resources, Fred C. Hare, 
said that tighter, not looser, controls were needed 
because "carbon monoxide (a major pollutant that 
comes almost entirely from autos) is now recognized 
as an even greater problem than when they set the 
Federal standards." ^ 

PAGE 5 LIBERATION News Service (**503) ~ 



LIBERATION News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS) -- The Internal Security Div- 
ision of the Justice Department is currently in 
the midst of a concerted campaign to clear up the 
I backlog of cases involving violations of the Se- 
lective Service law which accumulated during the 
Vietnam war. During the month of December, large 
numbers of indictments were issued in Boston, 

Buffalo and New York City. 

Similar large-scale indictments had been 
started earlier, or are about to begin in Chicago, 
Detroit, Los Angeles and San Francisco. 

The Justice Department had 5370 indictments 
outstanding against draft resist ers as of December 
J 6, 1972. Four-thousand-five-hundred of the indicted 
men are listed as fugitives ,**2500 of whom are 
thought to be in Canad^, 500 elsewhere outside 
the United States, and 1500 listed as "whereabouts 
unknown" but probably underground in this country. 

Reports indicate that most of the indictments 
f are for violations in 1968 and 1969 and government 
officials say there are "several thousand" more 
indictments to come in the near future. 

After speaking to Justice Department officials, 
Henry'Schwarzschild of the ACLU's Project on Am- 
nesty said that the purpose of the mass indictments 
at this time was to insure prosecution by avoiding 
the five-year statute of limitations [on prosecu- 
tions of draft-law violations] which would prevent 
enforcement of the law. 

And Nixon ! s recent statements concerning am- 
nesty for Vietnam war resisters further emphasize 
the government's determination to "make them pay 
for it." 

"Amnesty means forgiveness," said Nixon during 
his February 1 press conference. "We cannot pro- 
vide forgiveness- for them [the draft resisters] . 

Those who served paid their price. Those who de- 
serted must pay their price and the price is not 
a junket in the Peace Corps or something like that, 
as some have suggested. 

"The price is a criminal penalty for disobeying 
the laws of the United States. If they want to re- 
turn to the United States they must pay the penalty." 

Up until June of 1971, the Criminal Division 
of the Justice Department was responsible for hunt- 
ing down and prosecuting draft resisters. But, as 
Internal Security Division director Edward Szuk- 
elewicz put it, U.S. attorneys in busy offices 
"would obviously rather try a bank robbery, a case 
that gets more headlines," than an unpopular draft 
case. So Internal Security, notorious for its sur- 
veillance and repression of the anti-war movement 
during the past decade, got the job. 

Statistics, however, indicate that prospects 
of government success in punifehing the resisters 
are extremely low. During fiscal year 1972, which 
ended last July 31, 4906 draft cases were brought 
to trial by the government and only 1632 -- less 
than a third -- resulted in convictions. Three 
_ hundre ^-t_wanty_- seven „ s lightly over 6%. were ac- 
February 21, 1973 more . . . . 

quitted after trial, and the vast majority were dis- 
missed without trial. 

This was either because the men had, in the 
government's words, "a change of heart" and accepted 
induction into the military, or alternative service 
similar to that performed by official conscientious 
objectors, or because attorneys found that the’ local 
draft boards had handled their cases illegally. 

In many cases which were dismissed , the rea- 
son was that the local board had refused to give 
reasons for denying the individual's application 
.• for conscientious objector status. This has hap- 
pened in so many cases that draft and military coun- 
selling centers throughout the United States have 
set up " repatriation counselling" programs to in- 
vestigate the cases of draft resisters who are un- 
derground or in exile, but whose cases could be 

Sentences for convicted violators of the Selec- 
tive Service law vary from area to area. In the 
Buffalo, N.Y. area, where 1S3 men were indicted in 
December, sentences have beien lenient in the past. 

And the Buffalo Draft and Military Counselling 
Center predicts that those sentenced in the current 
round-up will be given probationary sentences or be 
told to find a "civilian job in the national inter- 
est," (similar in character to "alternative service) . 

The Buffalo counselors say that often when a 
judge orders this type of service, the defendant is 
unable to do so because of high unemployment and 
is therefore free to do as he chooses. 

Among the 13 or so federal judges handling Se- 
lective Service cases in the New York City area (as 
opposed to the two in the Buffalo area) there is 
much more variation in sentencing. According to 
New York Civil Liberties Union spokesman Ed Oppen- 
heimer, many judges are still sentencing violators 
to jail terms although probation and alternative 
service are still used frequently. 

In Boston, the situation is much tougher. Jud- 
ges in that city are regularly sentencing convicted 
resisters to six months in jail plus two years pro- 
bation with alternative service -- a slight improve- 
ment over a year ago when judges regularly gave two 
year prison sentences to men who were not consid- 
ered ^trouble ntfljkers," One Boston judge named Garr- 
ity has said that his conscience will not allow him 
to send a convicted resister to jail for less than 
a year. 

AMEX CANADA, a magazine put out by war resis- 
ters in Canada, reports that political support has 
been quick to develop behind those indicted, ai-.. u 
though a majority of tho men will probably choose 
to handle their cases without publicity. 

In Buffalo, a committee callod Citizens Against 
the War Indictments has held meetings to provide 
the defendants who want it with tho opportunity to 
get together and map strategy for their cases. A 
number of parents and other family mombers of the 
indicted men are active on the committee and they 
intend to publically declare support for their sons' 
war resistance and to demand amnesty for them. 

Lenny Klaif, a New York Civil Liberties Union 
lawyer coordinating legal defense for many of tho 

PAGE 6 LIBERATION Nows Service (#503)" 

153 men indicted in Buffalo said that some men 
decide to request jury trials, in order to 
present a political case about the war. 

* * * 

AMEX Canada has obtained partial lists of 
those indicted in the recent round-ups and is try- 
ing to get complete lists for the whole country. 
Anyone who wishes to know if he has been indicted 
or who would like help in deciding his course of 
action is welcome to call their office at (416) 
924-6102 in Toronto. Office hours are noon to 
6 pm weekdays, and 8:30 to 10:30 Monday through 
Thursday evenings. Their full address is 91 
George St., Toronto. 

(Thanks very much to Dee Knight and AMEX for this 


WASHINGTON (LNS)--In a report released during 
the second week in February, the National Oceanic 
and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said that re- 
search ships it used to carry out a study of oceanic 
oil pollution discovered oil in the form of fist- 
sized balls of tar throughout the Atlantic Ocean 
from Massachusetts to the Caribbean. 

The study said one of its survey ships reported 
that its nets were fouled by oil clumps so thick 
they extruded through the mesh "like spaghetti," 

75% of the time. 

In the open sea bits of plastic were discovered 
in the form of small disks or balls of polystyrene, 
the crumbly plastic foam widely used as a packing 
and insulating material. 

Major sources of oceanic oil pollution include 
oil discharged from oil tankers, leakages from off- 
shore oil rigs, and accidental oil spills. 

Other researchers from NOAA at the Woods Hole, 
Mass. Oceanographic Institute found bits of the 
indigestible plastic in the larvae of fish. They 
feared that the plastic might threaten the survival 
of the fish larvae that swallow it. 

Analyzing samples of the microscopic organisms 
that form the basis of the oceani food chain, NOAA 
reported that "more than half the plankton sample 
collected from surface waters were oil contaminated." 

Ocean explorer Thor Heyerdahl who sailed across 
tho Atlantic in 1970, had reported seeing tar balls 
plastic all the way from Africa to the Americas. 

The report estimates that the pollution covered 
50% of the area from Massachusetts to Florida, 80% 
in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico, and 90% 
in an area surrounding the Bahamas and the West 
Indies . 

--30 — 

********* ********************** ********************** 

"1 can report that America is well on the way 
to winning the war against environmental degrada- 
tion -- well on the way to making our peace with 
nature ." 

— President Nixon 
February 14, 1973. 

February 21, 1973 more . . . . 


LEXINGTON, Ky. (LNS) -- Jnagi...: u.i niti-drug 
program in which 85% of those i.r\" mvc wore cured 
completely instead of tiie national 'J - ,; :’o of .K)h 
for most drug programs. Too progr;. was 'alnx, an 
ex- addict run, therapeutic com; licit'' which one rated 
on the groundsof t he government.- rc . . i i 1 Insti- 
tute 01 Mental Health Cli.nicaJ . esc: rc.. ! inter in 
Lexington , Kentucky . 

Operated that is, until it was c Insod d'n;n by 
the government early last sorin'*. /.roe cm Joyces 
and a resident were indicted on a s'cvos of charges 
soon after. 

Matrix' problems began v/nen tn.ev cal Jed r.o tlie 
black Panther Party in December, J 71 cn got a sub- 
scription to the Panther paoer. "it. mas :» f tor then 1 ,* 
said Terry Gilbert, a former resit : . c 'O' 'Vvtrix, 
"that Washington began an iuves t.i. - a tin.. '»v us for 
our x*e vo 1 at ion ary activity. 1 ' 

Matx lx, which was started two :• a! i\ half years 
ago as an experimental program to ..elm addicts work 
out their problems with each other, became increas- 
ingly political, "The concepts morn ’/.rich Natrix 
v;as based were the same as those nsj.i : ; other 

therapeutic communities across on- W ry, 1 said 
a statement from the Committee to "rie t .e Antrix 

"However, the people in Matrix ca-e to the con- 
clusion that placing a drug addict in a 1 utopian' 
environment for a few months" was n't enough. Af- 
ter the person completed the prog?ram. k :no' r would be 
reentering the same society that caused inon to be- 
come addicted to drugs. 

"We realized," said Gilbert, a m-t the only 
meaningful solution to drug addict h< * was to be- 
come involved in the struggle to Lie ele- 

ments in society that caused and perpetuated addic- 
tion -* racism, poverty, exploited of workers, 
a u. e n a t i cn . sexism mid i n i us t i cc . 

On March 16, 1972, during a " a\r' "ire drill. 
Matrix was raided. Local cops, J..; by the ■•’hi , 
searched the entire house ainl its m stents without 
a search warrant. Subsequent ly four ex-addict em- 
ployees were fired, and twenty res id. e its thrown out 
into th o s t re e t s . 

Although no evidence was four.*, a 'n' jury 
was set up to investigate the drew re ram, and in 
November, 1972 , Jon Wildes, direct' r s'* tue pro- 
gram, Michael Clarkson mid Ridge .aheu, employ- 
ees; and Danny Hi ll, a resident, v.m re indicted. 

Wildes was charged with 17 coasts ranging, from 
buying and possession of a gun to .immoral and in- 
decent acts. Clarkson, who is hi a.nd. .till were 
charged with possession of a. dea •]*' . a/i t ' -- a 
smoke bomb which was used for or.* •' • -Mays that 

the residents put on. hofmeyer was ^r :d with 
ass ault . 

Pre-trial motions are now <y oiie cm pc ' ore 
Judge David Hermans dor for (newly a 1 -oi.ited by Jixon) 
who has already been hostile in cti.tudo and 
prejudicial in Iiis ruli.igs towar .s t..a 'A: .bants. 
The trial, due to take ’dace in th ■ S"r.i.n n or sum- 
mer, "is a 'test case, 1 " says the "ad’i;; excuse 

PAGjTT — LI BERAlTotf New* s~ ~ rvi cm (~M^3)~~ 

Committee, "for persons in the future who may al- 
so be tried for speaking out again >t drug addic- 
tion in this country." 

* * * 

For more information about the case as well 
as any monetary support you can give, get in touch 
with the Committee to Free the Matrix 4, PO Box 
5067, Louisville, Ky . , 40201. Phono: (502) 

778-3548, _ 3Q _ 


LIBERATION News Service 

.;EW YORK (LNS) -- "I'm figuring chat I'll have 
to get another job by the end of March," said a 
woman who works with an 0E0 Legal Services office 
here m New York 

So, although official sources have not let out 
the word, most people working for the Office of 
Economic Opportunity (0E0) know that the program's 
day s are n i imb c r c d 

..'■f course, 0E0 isn't the only program getting 
the axe. It is just one part of the massive cuts 
in social urograms that have surfaced with the 
announcement of Nixon's projected 1974 budget -- 
cuts in spending for education, health, veterans 
benefits, public housing and welfare. 

In coiitrast, the Defense Department's budget 
was increased, this time by $4.2 billion, making 
it the highest in peacetime history and the second 
highest ever. 

..owever, what sets the 0E0 demise apart from the 
drastic cuts in other areas is the speed and to- 
tality with which it is happening. Even though 
many of those whom the 0E0 was supposed to serve 
fclc that it was doing a pretty poor job, the Ad- 
ministration apparently felt that it was doing 
too good a job As one 0E0 lawyer in New York 
out it, 

"Though UEO has been wishy-washy in the past 
and generally weak-kneed it has been a voice on 
the cabinet level for poor people and has raised 
some issues that the administration would rather 
not face. What the administration is doing is dis- 
mantling that voice." 

And they are in a hurry to do it, too, as re- 
cently revealed 0E0 memorandums show. The adminis- 
tration is fearful that, if the axe takes too long 
to fall. Congress, under pressure from constituents, 
might be forced to try to save it. As it is now, 
.Jixon may be able to dismember it without a strug- 

liver since January, when Nixon confirmed that 
ho was appointing Howard Phillips to be "acting 
director of OEO," the bandwriting on the wall be- 
came clearer and clearer. Phillips., former chair- 
man of the ult ra- conservative Young Americans for 
Freedom (YAF) at Harvard, wasn't being posted to OEO 
helm it expand, that was for sure. 

F-.illiPs then confirmed that view in a series 
of recent interviews and comment 3 in which he claimed 
that to treat the poor as a class apart with in- 
torcsts separate and distinct from those of society 
February 21, 1973 more.,.. 

as a whole 11 is M a Marxist notion" and one unsuitable 
as a premise for the 0E0 to work on. 

Especially in the area of Legal Services, one 
of the more significant programs that 0E0 has fund- 
ed over its 8 year career, Phillips was adamant. 

He subscribes to Vice President Agnew’s view that 
most 0E0 lawyers are "ideological vigilantes" out 
to bring about a revolution against the American 
way through the courts . 

That's certainly an over statement. But it 
is true that Legal Services has made some inroads 
in representing poor clients in legal actions a- 
gainst landlords, employers, banks, discriminatory 
labor unions, and even state and local governments 
-- groups who have more in common with the Nixon 
administration than the poor do. 

On February 16, the New York Post revealed 
a memo, "Congressional Strategy on 0E0," which de- 
tails the plan through which the Nixon administra- 
tion could dismantle 0E0 before Congressional ac- 
tion could SP’o it. . 

"The more delay, the more opportunity for Con- 
gressional opposition to gather and develop a legis- 
lative counte i st rategy ," said the memo. 

The "battle plan" warns that "A constitution- 
al confrontation may be where the Administration 
is most vulnerable .. .The opposition can claim that 
there is clear law and intent that there be an 0E0 
and a Community Action Program [the major 0E0 pro- 

The memo goes on to advise avoiding that con- 
frontation and suggests that the administration mo- 
bilize support to have 0E0 funds cut off in the House 
and Senate Appropriations Committees "whose inter- 
ests most closely align with the President's and 
which have few members with strong feelings for 

Finally, the memo warns that Community Action 
Program workers and their community supporters 
will probably mount protest demonstrations To 
deal with them, the memo advises that a publicity 
campaign begin to stress "a picture of agitation, 
destructive unrest, diversion of federal funds to 
support partisan political activity, administrative 
waste, criminal misuse of funds, and a program 
structure which exacerbated rather than resolved 
racial problems." 

The paper also notes the "hyperbole of this 
criticism" but discounts it in the face of the prob- 
lems presented by the "strength of support" the 0E0 
program has with local leaders. 

Vice President Agnew has been quite active in 
planning the hatchet job on 0E0 . In his column on 
February 1, columnist Jack Anderson revealed the 
content of a memo prepared by Agnew Vs office ad- 
vising Phillips of where to strike at 0E0 first. 

"Of all the 0E0 programs. Legal Services is 
the most capable of fundamentally altering America 
For that alone, it should be the first eliminated " 

In addition, the memo advises Phillips to push tor 
a program to channel legal aid money to "more tra- 
ditional" private legal aid groups. 

"First, control of the. .tx^dxtx oii^L,lciiaJ.-,xU-d 

LIBERATION News Service f #503) 

societies rests with ABA [American Bar Assoc.] 
type lawyers, a group not noted for a penchant 
for radical action. Second the local groups are 
necessarily fragmented, and with no special fo- 
cus. Although national coordination by law re- 
form povertyists is still possible, it is made 
considerably more difficult.” 

Right now, there are several alternative 
strategies being considered by threatened Legal 
Services personnel. Some are looking for private 
funding to continue their operations after the 
cut-off. Others are hoping to get Legal Services 
incorporated into an independent agency before the 
axe falls. And it would have to happen quickly 
since Phillips has been hiring $100-a-day consult- 
ants to help pack up the 0E0 Legal Services records 
according to Anderson. But hope for that plan is 
small considering that such a move would have to 
have the approval of the very people who are wield- 
ing the axe now. 

It remains to be seen whether those who will 
feel the loss of the Legal Services, OEO, and oth- 
er social programs can make their feelings felt 
in time. 

There are plans underway for lobbying 
and demonstrations by veterans, welfare, and wo- 
men's groups to pressure Congress into acting ag- 
ainst Nixon's budget plan. But if the "Congress- 
ional Strategy" memorandum is any indication, 
the decision about OEO may never be in the hands 
of people who can be affected by a public outcry. 
The Nixon administration may prefer to do in OEO 
in private. -30- 

*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*# *#*#*#*#*#*#*# *#*#*# *#*#* 


WASHINGTON (LNS) - -Admiral Horacio Rivero re- 
tired from the Navy this past fall with quite a 
bit of fanfare. Thirty Navy ships carrying 21,000 
men spent two days steaming up and down the Mediter 
ranean in formation. And for the finale, the ships 
formed two columns, with Rivero cruising down 
the middle in the opposite direction. 

One helicopter went down during the good-bye 
scene, and the taxpayers were billed for approxi- 
mately 500,000 man hours of sailor-time. 

— 30— 

(Thanks to the Washington Monthly for this info.) 

♦ it************************************************* 

"I am simply saying this: That as far as this 
Administration is concerned, we have done the 
very best that we can against very great obstacles, 
and we finally have achieved a peace with honor. 

I know it gags some of you to write that 
phrase, but it is true, and most Americans realize 
it is true, because it would be peace with dis- 
honor had we- -what some have used, the vernacular-- 
'bugged out' and allowed what the North Vietnamese 
wanted " 

--Richard Nixon at a press 

conference on February 1, 1973. 


February 21 , 19 73 

more . . . . 


bearing citizens Don't try to tell me what we 
have done to you M 

NEW YORK (LNS) -- "I'm very disturbed by this 
action," said a smoldering Manhattan DA Frank Ho- 
gan February 13, That same day Herbert X Blyden 
and Stanley King, the last two men to come to trial 
on charges stemming from the prison rebellion at 
the Tombs (Manhattan Men’s House of Detention,) over 
two years ago finally had their cases dismissed. 

The rebellion which lasted from October 2-S, 
19 70 was one of five that swept New York City jails 
in response to overcrowding, high bails, long wait- 
ing periods for trials, lack of legal representa- 
tion, and guard brutality. 

But the rebellion was barely over before a 
spokesman for the Department of Correction was say- 
ing that "the rebellions were instigated by a few 
psychopathic radical revolutionaries inside the 
jails and their supporters on the outside." 

Indictments came down in January, 1971. In 
Manhattan 7 black inmates were charged together on 
one indictment of over 72 counts ranging from kid- 
napping to unlawful imprisonment to reckless endan- 
germent and interference with governmental adminis- 
tration * One white inmate who refused to cooperate 
with the prosecution, was also charged separately 
as well as a black guard who was held as a hostage 
but who the prison administration 6aid was assist *- 
ing the rebelling inmates . 

Finally after much stalling by the prosecu- 
tion three of the inmates -- Curtis Brown, Nathan- 
iel Ragsdale and Ricardo De Leon -- went to trial 
last summer and were acquitted of all charges 
(which could have kept them in jail for life) * 

At the time DcA. Hogan called it "a hideous 
miscarriage of j ustice .. . Jurors it seems to me, no 
longer abide by the instructions of the court. We 
have to think of it as a political statement." 

Five months after that, the guard, Earl 
Whittaker, was also acquitted by a jury of kidnap- 
ping and other charges that could have put himr in 
jail for life. 

By February of this year Herbert X. Blyden 
and Stanley King were the only defendants left. 

(The other defendants had accepted pleas to lesser 
charges which were applied to their present jail 
terms.) Blyden and King who had been awaiting tri- 
al for 28 months, were eager both to respond to the 
charges against them and to talk about prison con- 
ditions . 

Finally on February 13, Judge Xavier Ricco- 
bono dismissed the 1 cases against Blyden and King 
laying, "I do not think it is wise, appropriate, 
or economically advisable" to pursue further pro- 
secution at two more "long protracted trials." 

So the Tombs rebellion cases are now wiped 
off the books. 

And the Tombs? It is still at nearly 125% 
capacity. The cells are still cold and drafty in 
the winter, sweltering and smelly in the summer. 
And inmates still have to wait an average of six 
months to come to trial. 

As a group of prisoners who participated in 
an earlier rebellion in the Tombs in August, 1970 

"We are firm in our resolve and we demand 
as human beings the dignity and justice that due 
to us by right of our birth... The manner in which 
we chose to express our grievances is admittedly 
as dramatic and shocking as the conditions under 
which society has forced us to live 0 We are in- 
dignant and so too should the people of society 
be indignant." ^ 



NEW YORK (LNS) --1st Casualty Press, publish- 
ers of a wonderful anthology of poetry by Viet- 
nam veterans called Winning Hearts and Minds , 
is at it again. Just about a year old now, the 
group has put together a collection of short 
stories written by Vietnam veterans entitled 
Free Fire Zone. 

1st Casualty is a non-profit organization 
which has given over $1200 in proceeds from Win- 
ning Hearts and Minds to the American Friends 
Service Committee Quang Ngai Rehabilitation Cen- 
ter and to the Bach Mai Hospital Fund. 1st Cas- 
ualty plans to continue to raise and channel money 
to these projects. 

Presently they are working on a third book. 
Postmortem: Poems and Stories by Vietnam Veterans , 
which should be published in July. They are also 
considering publishing a novel and a book of 
photographs and drawings as their fourth and fifth 
projects . 

Then, on February 5, 6 7 of the charges ag- 
ainst the two were dropped by the D.A.’s office at 
a pre-trial hearing, leaving five other charges in- 
cluding coercion which carries a 7 year sentence. 

The Assistant D»A M arguing that the case 
should not be dropped, said at issue was "the rule 
of law versus anarchy," and that guards have a - 
right not to be "held in fear of their lives." 

Stanley King addressed the court saying he 
knew of "dead babies in Belfast, dead babies m 
Vietnam, and dead babies m Harlem. Those respons- 
ible are dignified, dignified, dignified, diploma 

PAGE 7 9 LIBERATION News Service (#503) 

1st Casualty urges people to write quickly 
for copies of Free Fire Zone since they are only 
printing a limited edition. The 247 page paper- 
back costs $2.95 including postage. 

Write to: 1st Casualty Press Fund, Inc., 
P-0. Box 518, Coventry, Connecticut 06238* 

--30- - 

* * * * *-*•♦*** * it * * * it * * * * * +• # + jr-irir+tr-ir‘n : -iri(-irt$ti> A ititltltje 


■212- 743-2200 „nr 7 1 2 — Z IP -? . 7 .01 dr 717 7.40-7707 

February 21, 19 73 more 



LIBERATION News Service 

(Editor's Note : The following is an edited 
version of an article by John Demeter which appear- 
ed in the Guardian . The box on profit-making hos- 
pitals tas prepared by LNS.) 

BOSTON (LNS) — Now in its 15th week, a strike 
called by Local 1199, Hospital and Nursing Home 
Employees against the Massachusetts Rehabilitation 
Hospital (MRH) , is being stalemated by the hospital 
owners refusal to rehire 11 union activists fired 
during the strike . 

Until the strike, which began last October 31st, 
the employees at MRH had not been represented by 
any union. However, now the union. Local 1199, has 
won the right to represent MRH workers and the only 
issue which is blocking a- setflfeiaent^is that of re- 
hiring the 11. 

"No one will go back until all can go back," 
said organizer Elliot Small. 

Pointing out that the six men and five women 
in the fired group comprise half of the union ne- 
gotiating committee, union activist Vinnie Griesi 
said, "the hospital's refusal is an attempt to chop 
the head off our negotiating committee." 

The 11 are among 55 strikers and supporters 
arrested on misdemeanors since the strike began. 
Representatives of the private, profit-making hos- 
pital claim that such "criminal records" prove the 
workers in question are too irresponsible to work 
in the institution. 


Massachusetts Rehabilitation Hospital is an ex- 
ample of an increasinly prominent phenomenon in the 
U.S. health industry— the profit-making, investor- 
owned, proprietary hospital. These hospitals are run 
as businesses and differ from private, non-profit in- 
stitutions in that they are owned by stockholders who 
are paid dividends just as stockholders of GM or AT&T 
are . 

Proprietary hospitals, which now account for a- 
bout 10% of the hospital beds in the U.S. (about TO, 

000 beds) are seen by many major corporations like 
Sheraton Hotels (ITT), the Ramada and Holiday Inn 
chains, as well as by groups of private speculators 
as the up and coming field to invest in. With a 15% 
annual growth in earnings (amounting to about $90 
million last year) the attractions are obvious. 

The President and Chairman of Holiday: Inns have 
recently opened a hospital chain called Medicenters 
of America which will sell you your own hospital fran- 
chise equipped with everything from"signs to pills." 

Another chain magnate. Jack Massey recently re- 
signed from the chairmanship of Kentucky Fried Chick-' 
eh to become chairman of the Hospital Corporation of . 
America (HCA) . HCA has opened L0 hospitals in 12 
states since 1968. "The growth potential in hospitals, T 
says Massey, "is unlimited: it's even better than 

Page 10 LIBERATION News Servi 

Most of these arrests occured in November when 
Boston police used attack dogs and clubs to break 
up a union picket line of over ^00 workers and sup- 
porters. They moved m after workers sat down to 
block departing scabs. Five persons were injured by 
the police dogs. 

At that time the hospital was spending over 
$5000 a week to maintain a 2U-hour detail of off- 
duty police at the picket line, while claiming it 
was unable to give a pay hike which would have 
amounted to $800 a week. 

Heavy fines and sentences of up to three months 
have been levied on the 55 arrested strikers and 
supporters. Cathy Guertin, a registered nurse sup- 
porting the union, was given three years probation 
in one ruling. 

The MRH strike is part of an 1199 organizing 
campaign going on in Boston. The union has iruccefc- 
1 fully organized University Hospital there. The 
further organizing of Boston’s more than 30,000 
hospital workers is beginning to worry some in the 
health business Harvard University, a major hospi- 
tal landlord, attempted in January to bring crimi- 
nal charges against five strikers who lea£f^tt]ed~ a 
class taught by Mort Zuckerman, a real estate devel- 
oper and MRH stockholder. 

The recent arrival in Boston of organizers for 
the Service Workers Ihternational UniSn^.(SWlU)' is 
also seen as £art of the drive to stop 1199- SWIU , 
which received only Blvqtes in the University Hospi- 
tal election, has a no-strike policy. The Boston 
Globe, which has ignored the 1199 strike at MRH 
gave considerable space to SWIU drive in its Jan- 
uary 3 issue. 

In the face of this pressure, support for 1199 
among community and movement groups is mounting. Up- 
wards of 600 people have joined the mass pickets and 
aid has begun to appear from local unions. 

Kentucky Fried Chicken.” 

Those who are investing in these institutions 
defend them by saying that they provide hospital 
care where there might not be any at all. Yet be- 
cause they are profit-making, their care is primar- 
ily directed to those who can pay. 

John Gadd, director of a proprietary hospital 
in Fort Meyers Florida, pointed out, "It is very 
convenient and profitable for the stockholder-doc- 
tor [many doctors who staff these private hospitals 
own stock in them] to have staff privileges, . »in a 
nearby fton-profit hospital where he can dump the 
financially undesireable patients." 

Besides being selective, proprietaries. us.ualiy 
charge more: a survey of 200 southern California 
hospitals showed an average per-day cost of $80 
more than comparable non-profit institutions. 

The proprietaries like to encourage certain, 
profitable treatments. One hospital director in Cal- 
ifornia put it this way, "Thanks to all the smog 
our inhalation therapy is picking up beautifully. 
Inhalation therapy, now there’s a moneymaker. 

So it is easy to understand why MRH is fighting 
so hard to keep 1199 away from its employees. Any 
thing those workers gain would come out o:F the di- 
vidends of MRH investors. 

Ui 503) 

_ —30— 

Feb . 21, 1973 

the end , to 
graphics « 

TOP RIGHT: A guard and inmates walking 

down a corridor of the educational 
building at Comstock Prison. 


CREDIT: LNS Women's Graphic Collective 

TOP LEFT: Mess Hall of Comstock Prison 
shortly after the noon meal . 


CREDIT: LNS Women's Graphic Collective 

TOP (BOTTOM) RIGHT :Samuel Ratliff 

TOP (BOTTOM) LEFT: Larry Catanzaro 


CREDIT: LNS Women's Graphic Collective. 

BOTTOM RIGHT: Tommy O'Brien 

BOTTOM LEFT: Richard(Robin) Palmer 

Page P-1 

LIBERATION News Service 


February 21, 1973 

more . . . . 

TOP RIGHT: Photo of (left to right) Don 
Luce, Augustus Hawkins, and william 
Anderson lookinq down into Tiger Cages 
on Con Son Island, South Vietnam, in 

CREDIT: Tom Harkin/LNS 

TOP LEFT: Duong Thi Gan, 25 years, and 
Duong Thi Xi, 3 months Duong Thi Gan 
was arrested by American troops in her 
home and charged with suspicion of 
Sympathizing with the Viet Cong. She 
had no trial and her sentence was inde- 
terminate She had been imprisoned for 
10 months wnen this photo was taken in 
the tall of 1968 in Quang Tin Provin- 
c i a 1 Pr i son 

CREDIT: Doug Hostettery LNS 

PACKETS #497, #500, A #501 


BOTTOM: Early in 1968, large groups of Vietnamese civilians from the countryside 
marched into villages and cities under Saigon Government control to demonstrate 
against the war The villagers were unarmed except some with bamboo sticks 
One South Vietnamese District Chief ordered his soldiers to fire at the people 
as they entered his village 300 of the marchers were killed (Only two of the 
dead had been armed . ) 

In response to this massacre, the NlP entered that town several nights 
later They attacked the District Headquarters, causing 40 deaths, but no NLF 
soldiers were caught 

To try to save face, th e District Chief sent ms soldiers into the 
countryside to take captives Nine men were brought back and executed by a 
firing squad in the village, even though there was no evidence that they had 
taken part in the raid or that they were NLF guerrillas 

Photos are of the "suspects" being bound and led to their execution 

CREDIT: Douq Hos tetter / lN5 


Ser vice 

Page P-2 

( #503 ) 

February 21 , 1 973 

• ••••re* 

I had reasoned this out in my mind; there was one of two things I 
had a right to, ‘’liberty or death. If I could not have one, 1 would have 
the other, for no man should take me alive 1 would fight for my liberty 
as long as my strength lasted, and when the time came for me to go, 
the Lord would let them take me Harriet Tubman 


TOP RIGHT: Nixon ready tor a right. 

TOP LEFT: Harriet Tubman escaped from 
slavery in 1849 and later helped hun- 
dreds of slaves escape by leading them 
north in the Underground Railroad. 

CREDIT: Lisa Unger Baskin/Massachusetts 

MIDDLE: Another Doonesbury strip on sexism. 

(you might try it without the last frame, if you prefer) 
CREDIT. Doonesbury/LNS 

BOTTOM RIGHT: "He.y Soldier, the war':, over." 
CREDiT: IT (a British underground paper)/LNS 

BOTTOM LEFT : A comment on the 
medical symbol. 


LIBERATION News Service 

Page P-3 


February 21 , V973