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HISTORIES 



OF 



MANN INCH AM, HEATON, 



AND 



ALLERTON. 



MANNINGHAM, HEATON, 



AND 



ALLERTON 



(TOW N S II IPS OF BRADFORD) 



ftreateb Historically anfc ^opograpbicallg. 



BY WILLIAM CUDWORTH, 

Author of "Round About Bradford" " K ambles Round Norton," 'Histories 

of Bolton and Bowling," 'Life and Correspondence of 

Abraham Sharp, Matlumatidan," &c. 



[PUBLISHED BY SUBSCRIPTION.} 



BRADFORD: W. CUDWORTH, i, SAWREY PLACE. 

1896. 
[ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.] 




ENTERKD AT STATIONERS HALL. 



. 



PREFACE. 



The present volume is the third of a series intended 
as a contribution to a Complete History of the Borough of 
Bradford. The town itself alone remains for treatment, 
but whether the present Author will be given length of 
days, or be courageous enough, to undertake the task, 
remains to be seen. In any case the work thus far 
continued should be carried on to completion, in order 
that the History of Bradford, so ably commenced by the 
late John James, may be brought up to date. 

It will be obvious that the ample material brought 
together in the township histories already published by 
the Author, namely, those referring to Horton, Bolton, 
Bowling, Manningham, Heaton, and Allerton, bears no 
comparison with the scanty notices of those townships in 
James's History, and affords sufficient evidence of the 
necessity of the present effort. The unearthing and 
arrangement of such a mass of material has involved 
much patient labour and no inconsiderable amount of 
time, but these the Author has willingly expended in 
the endeavour to furnish an original contribution to the 
history of his native town. All such efforts are necessarily 
attended by the liability to error, either in collecting the 
material or in presenting it in a readable form, and the 
reader needs only to be reminded of this to ensure 
sympathy and indulgence where mistakes are discovered. 
In any case the Author holds himself responsible for any 
inaccuracies. 

For assistance rendered him in obtaining information, 
the loan of documents, &c., the Author hereby tenders his 



viii. PREFACE. 

grateful thanks to Mr. H. F. Killick, Mr. John H indie, 
Mr. William Ferrand, of St. Ives, and his estate agent, Mr. 
Walter Middleton ; the Rev. James Browne, B.A., the Rev. 
George Pedley ; Mr. Joseph Smith (Smith & Margerison), 
Mr. Whcater Smith (Smith & Gotthardt), Mr. James 
Watson, C.E., Corporation Waterworks Engineer ; Mr. 
Abraham Clark, Mr. Harry Speight, and others. 

It is worthy of mention that the whole of the artistic 
work, as well as the printing, has been executed in 
Bradford. Under the first heading, the Author is especially 
indebted to Mr. Oliver Nicholson for the admirable results 
obtained by him in photographing the full-page views 
throughout the work. The engraving of the plates has 
been executed with equal success by Messrs. William Byles 
and Sons, who are also responsible for the letterpress. 
The portraits have been satisfactorily reproduced in the 
collotype process by Messrs. Appleton & Co., photographers. 
The frontispiece was specially designed for the work by 
Miss Nannie Preston, of Littlebeck Hall, Gilstead, and it 
is an admirable conception. The smaller sketches are by 
Mr. W. F. Wray ; and other artistic assistance has been 
rendered by Mr. Alfred Drake, Mr. Henry Muff, Mr. 
Frank Nicholson, and Mr. C. H. Shaw. The laborious 
task of indexing was undertaken by the Author's son, 
Ernest. 

The Author cannot conclude this introduction to what 
may be his last literary effort without a sincere expression 
of thankfulness to the Committee of Gentlemen who have 
interested themselves in obtaining subscribers to the work. 
Without such practical assistance its publication would 
have been impossible. 

W. CUDWORTH. 
BRADFORD, March, 1896. 



CONTENTS. 



HISTORY OF MANNINGHAM. 



CHAPTER I. 

PAGE 

Surveys of 1811 and 1839 Daisy Hill Towler Lane The Trees Low Lane 
Coggill Lane Jumbles Hesp Lane Lawcroft Lane New Road to 
Keighley Township Boundaries i 7 

CHAPTER II. 

Feudal Lordship in Manningham Ancient Land Tenure John of Gaunt 
Northrop, the Hornblower (see Frontispiece) The Hornman Lands 
Feudal Customs Manningham in 1480 Land Survey of 1638 Common 
Field System of Cultivation Old Place Names Old Manningham 
Freeholders Enclosure of Manningham Common 820 

CHAPTER III. 

Overseers' Accounts for 1692 Bolton Lane Town's Affairs in 1800 
Opposition to Bradford Improvement Act of 1829 Charter of 
Incorporation, 1847 First Representatives for Manningham Statistics 
of Population, &c. Manningham Constables from 1607 21 32 

CHAPTER IV. 

Back Lane School St. Jude's Church St. Paul's Church (illustrated) 
The Ten-Church Movement White Abbey Chapel (illustrated) 
Manningham Wesleyan Chapel St. John's Chapel (illustrated) 
Girlington Wesleyan Chapel Farfield Jubilee Hall Lady Royd School 
Girlington Baptist Chapel Salem Congregational Chapel (illustrated) 
Greenfield Chapel Primitive Methodism Roman Catholicism 
Manningham Board Schools 33 54 

CHAPTER V. 

Field House, Daisy Hill Dr. Scoresby, Vicar of Bradford His Scientific 
Attainments The Smith Family -Isaac Smith Ackroyd Farm Old 
Manningham Manningham Poor Land Moorfield Edward Priestman 5559 



X. CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER VI. 

PAGE 

Pearson Lane Throstle Nest Yew Tree Farm Hedge Side Farm Crow 
Trees The Temple Farm Mrs. Ann Boiling Lawyer Gregson The 
Illingworth Family Daniel Illingworth Alfred Illingworth (portrait) 
The late Henry Illingworth 6071 

CHAPTER VII. 

Origin of Brownroyd Waterside Farm Ben Preston Thiefscore Bridge- 
Craven Heifer Inn Bradford Soke Mills Smyth Family New Miller 
Dam Lease to Ellis & Priestman Soke Rights Contested List of 
Manningham Families within the Soke James Ellis Rev. Joseph Ellis 7282 

CHAPTER VIII. 

Girlington As It Was and Is Bradford Freehold I^and Sociely The 
Girlington Estate The Hornblow Lands The Northrop Family 
Common Fields of Manningham Disposal of the Northrop Lands 
Map of Girlington Coal Mining 8391 

CHAPTER IX. 

Toller Lane Woodlands Angus Holden, M.P. Pierremom Alderman F. 
Priestman Manningham Thorp John Rand Drummond Family 
Manningham Lodge Matthew Thompson Sir M. W. Thompson 
(portrait) Charles Semon 9298 

CHAPTER X. 

The Whetleys Hollings Family Joseph Hollings John Hollings Sally 
Kitching Hunting Tom Horsfall The "Lemon and White Pack" 
John Priestman The Hodgson Family Dicky Hodgson Manningham 
Coal Mining Lower Globe Inn William Kitching Upper Globe Inn 
Wood Family Black Abbey Dole Globe Mill 99 112 

CHAPTER XI. 

Lilycroft Farm Tradesmen's Home Origin of Manningham Mills Ellis 
Cunliffe Lister Lord Masham James and Thomas Ambler The Silk 
Manufacture Great Fire at Manningham Mills Trees Farm The 
Cowgill Family 113 120 

CHAPTER XII. 

Helliwell's Farm Skinner Lane Mount Pleasant Hornblow House The 
Bradford Horn Frankland Family Salt Street and Freehold Land 
Society Carlisle Road Manningham Old Hall (illustrated) Tonge 
Lands Boilings Margerisons 121 132 



CONTENTS. xi. 

CHAPTER XIII. 

Lister Family of Manningham William Lister, Civil War Captain His 
Death at Tadcaster Colonel Thomas Lister Ellis Cunliffe Lister- 
Active Magistrate and Member for Bradford His Family Samuel 
Cunliffe Lister (Lord Masham) (portrait) His Inventive Enterprise- 
Triumph of the Woolcombing Machine Equal Success in the Manipulation 
of Silk Waste Manningham Hall Manningham Park (illustrated) ... 133142 

CHAPTER XIV. 

Clockhouse Origin of Name Early Possessors Later Descent The Jowetts 

of Clockhouse Miss Sarah Jowett George Baron Ills Singular Will 

The Famous "Clockhouse Case" Clockhouse as a Residence Spotted 
House Inn (illustrated) j^, 

CHAPTER XV. 

Wilkinson Family The Bradshaws Bolton Royd J. G. Horsfall Power- 
loom Riots The Anderton Family Parkficld Sir Henry Mitchell 
Grammar School Lands " Halliwell Ash." !- o j^g 

APPENDIX. 

Manningham Freeholders in 1839 161 168 



HISTORY OF H EATON. 



CHAPTER I. 

Heaton As It Was Its Pleasing Conformation Roads and Approaches 
Landed Proprietors Streams and Reservoirs Mineral Resources Agri- 
cultureRecent Improvements Population and Rateable Value ... 173 179 

CHAPTER II. 

Heatonians of 1379 Descent of Heaton Manor Hearth Tax in 1666 
Landowners in 1699 Enclosure of Heaton Common The Award 
Tythe Survey Survey of 1839 180 187 

CHAPTER III. 

Severance of Heaton from Clayton Poor's Accounts Surveyor's Accounts 
Constables' Accounts Former Occupiers Annexation of Heaton to 
Bradford 188198 



xii. CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER IV. 

PAGE 

The Field Family John Field Joshua, or "Squire Field" John Wilmer 
field His Daughters, Mary and Delia Lord Oxmantown Earl of 
Rosse Countess of Rosse Present Earl of Rosse Coming-of-age 
Festivities at Heaton Presentation at Hcaton The Heaton Estate 199208 

CHAPTER V. 

Heaton Hall (illustrated} Henry Harris, the Banker Bradford Old Bank 
W. H. Townend Garth House (illustrated) O\A Hostelries Shoulder 
of Mutton Inn Brown Cow Inn Hare and Hounds Inn Heaton Syke 
Mann's Gardens Woolsorters' Gardens Heaton Mount Ambler 
Family Heaton Royds The Dixons Sandy Lane 209 224 

CHAPTER VI. 

Chellow an Ancient Manor Lease from the Abbot of Selby Subsequent 
Lords of the Manor Chellow Grange Bradford Waterworks Heaton 
Reservoir The Nidd Scheme 225233 

CHAPTER VII. 

Heaton Baptists Church of St. Barnabas Wesleyanism at Heaton 

Educational Institutions Sandy Lane Chapels (illustrated) 234 244 

CHAPTER VIII. 

Origin of the United College Heckmondwike Academy Rotherham College 
Airedale College, Undcrcliffe (illustrated) Mrs. Bacon Rev. William 
Vint Rev. Walter Scott Rev. Daniel Fraser, D.D. United College, 
Heaton (illustrated) Dr. Fairbairn Closing of Rotherham College 
Rev. Dr. Falding Dr. Simon 245 251 

CHAPTER IX. 

Old Folks' Gathering at Heaton, with List of those Present John Butter- 
field, the centenarian Timothy Stocks Henry Harris The Clarke 
Family The Crabtree Family John Crabtree Greenwoods Broadleys 
Murgatroyds Cravens 252 256 



HISTORY OF FRIZINGHALL. 



The Name of Frizinghall Growth of Frizinghall Lister Family of 
Frizinghall The Craven Family Frizinghall Mill The Hargreaves 
Family Black Swan Inn Quaker Wilson Religious Organisations at 
Frizinghall (illustrated] 262 273 



CONTENTS. xiii. 



HISTORY OF ALLERTON. 



CHAPTER I. 

PAGE 

Origin of Name Approaches to the Village Ancient Packhorse Road- 
Thornton New Road Probable Roman Road Material Resources 
Description of the Village Building Operations Characteristics of 
Allertonians Population and Assessable Value 277283 

CHAPTER II. 

Ancient Ownership Poll-tax of Richard II. Richard Tempest and Queen 
Elizabeth Decree of 1580 Freeholders of the Period Sale of the 
Manor Curious Handbill of 1788 The Ferrands as Lords of the 
Manor The Courts Baron Perambulation of the Boundaries Enclosure 
of Allerton Common 284 295 

CHAPTER III. 

Hearth-tax Returns for 1666 Allerton Freeholders in 1734 Formation of 

the Local Board Annexation to Bradford ... 296 299 

CHAPTER IV. 

Commercial Affairs in Allerton The Old Hand-loom Weavers Mill 
Erections in Allerton Allerton Nonconformity Congregationalism in 
Allerton (illustration') Wesleyanism in Allerton (illustration} The 
Baptists St. Peter's Church Allerton British School The Sagar 
Charity 300312 

CHAPTER V. 

Shuttleworth Hall (illustrated) The Sunderland Family Peter and Samuel 
Sunderland John and Joseph Pollard The Manor of Crosley The 
Knights Hospitallers Crosley Hall 313322 

CHAPTER VI. 

Chellow Dean (illustrated} Oaks Lane Ellercroft Alderman Jonas Whitley 
(portrait) The Grange Fairbank Family Allerton Hall The Old 
Workhouse (illustrated) Old Houses in Allerton Lanes and Bailey 
Fold (illustrated) Joseph Lister Accepted Lister 3 2 3~ 334 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS .. 337345 

INDEX 347356 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAGE 

Horn-blowing at Bradford (Frontispiece) 

St. Paul's Church, Manningham 39 

White Abbey Chapel 43 

St John's Wesleyan Chapel 45 

Salem Chapel 5 1 

Dr. Scoresby face 55 

Alfred Illingworth face 69 

Sir M. W. Thompson, Bart. face 97 

Helliwell's Farm, Manningham face 121 

Manningham Stocks 122 

Manningham Old Hall face 129 

Side View, Manningham Old Hall 13 

Manningham Hall face 133 

Lord Masham face 137 

Lake in Lister Park face 142 

Clockhouse, Manningham face 147 

Spotted House Inn face 149 

Heaton Hall and Park face 173 

Heaton Hall face 209 

Mantel-piece, Heaton Hall 210 

Garth House, Heaton face 215 

Porch of Garth House 216 

Old Hall, Heaton Royds face 223 

Heaton Baptist Chapel 235 

St. Barnabas' Church, Heaton 239 

Old Airedale College 247 

United College, Heaton 249 

Congregational Chapel, Frizinghall 272 

Ancient Relic, Allerton 278 

Manor Court-house, Bradford 291 

Allerton Congregational Chapel ... 35 

Allerton Wesleyan Chapel 307 

Shuttleworth Hall, Allerton face 313 

Double Cross, Shuttleworth Hall 316 

Stone Lantern, Cottingley 317 

Chellow Dean Reservoir face 323 

Alderman Jonas Whitley face 326 

Old Workhouse, Allerton 329 

Old Doorway, Allerton Lanes 332 

Bailey Fold, Allerton 333 



HISTORY OF MANNINGHAM. 



HISTORY OF MANNINGHAM. 



CHAPTER I. 
GENERAL SURVEY. 

Surveys of 1811 and 1839 Daisy Hill Towler Lane The Trees Low Lane 
Coggill Lane Jumbles Hesp Lane Lawcroft Lane New Road to 
Keighley Township Boundaries. 

In making a survey of the township of Manningham 
we are prompted to remark, that in no other portion of 
the Borough of Bradford has such a material change been 
wrought as there. A glance at any old plan of the town- 
ship will furnish sufficient evidence of this fact. In the 
year 1811 a survey and map of Manningham were made 
by Mr. George Leather,* when the ratable value only 
amounted to 2108. In 1839 another survey was made 
by Mr. Thomas Dixon, in which the ratable value was 
assessed at 9503 145. /d. The Corporation Year Book 
for 1895 shows that the present assessable value of property 
in Manningham is about 205,000, as against 61,000 in 
1868, or an increase of nearly four-fold. 

The above figures constitute only one form of com- 
parison as to the growth of Manningham, and that not 
the one most apparent to the public mind unaccustomed 
to statistics. For this, by far the larger section of the 
community, a sort of " reading-made-easy " form may be 
suggested, namely, the survey recently published by the 
Government Ordnance Department, which shows every 

* NOTE. The plan and survey published by Mr. Leather are of much interest 
and historic value. To Bradfordians that interest will be intensified by the fact 
that Mr. Leather was a native of Bradford, and the progenitor of a family several 
of whose members worthily sustained the reputation he had already established. 



2 History of Manningham. 

block of buildings in the township, and almost every pro- 
jecting doorstep. Any one making a comparison between 
this survey and either of the two named, could not fail to 
be surprised at the transformation which has been effected 
in the interval. 

The appearance of Manningham township during the 
first quarter of the century bore but the most distant 
resemblance to that which it now presents. At that period 
the residences of influential inhabitants numbered well 
within the dozen. There was, in the far west, Field 
House, or " Fool's Penny Hall," as it was called, built by 
Mrs. Ward, afterwards occupied by Dr. Scoresby, vicar of 
Bradford. Coming nearer to Bradford, there was West 
House, where resided Mr. Thomas Hollings, the site of 
which is now occupied by Woodlands, the residence of 
Mr. Angus Holden, M.P. Lower down Towler (or Toller) 
Lane was Manningham Lodge, owned and occupied by 
Mr. Matthew Thompson, father of the late Sir M. W. 
Thompson, Bart. At Wheatley resided Mr. Joseph 
Hollings ; on the opposite side of the same road being 
another house called " Whetley," owned and occupied by 
Mr. Thomas Hill Horsfall, and afterwards by the late 
Mr. John Priestman. A third house, called " Whetleys," 
and situated in Whetley Lane, was occupied by Mr. John 
Hill, then by Mr. John Aked, and afterwards by Mr. 
Martin Schlesinger. This was the former abode of " Dicky 
Hodgson," to whose property Miss Jowett, of Clock 
House, succeeded. 

Manningham Hall, now enclosed within its own park, 
was the residence of Mr. Ellis Cunliffe Lister. The park, 
however, was then divided by hawthorn hedges into fields. 
Clock House, the residence of Miss Jowett, occupied 
practically its present position, and its most substantial 
companion was Bolton Royd, built and occupied by 
Mr. John Garnett Horsfall. The adjoining house, where 
Mr. Richard Margerison lived, was built to supersede 
Manningham Old Hall, a former abode of the Boiling 
family. With the exception of the house called Trees, 
the former residence of the Cowgills, of Manningham, 



History of Manningham. s 

and afterwards of Mr. James Ambler ; and Spring Lodge, 
in Manningham Lane, which had just then been erected 
by the late Mr. Alfred Harris, banker, there were no other 
gentlemen's houses of note in this portion of the town- 
ship. Indeed, the Spotted House Inn, and old Walter 
Clark's, at Halliwell Ash, were the only dwellings along 
the whole of Manningham Lane in addition to the three 
just named. 

What is now called Church Street constituted Man- 
ningham proper. Where St. Paul's Church and St. Paul's 
Road now stand there was an open space, called Stocks 
Green, adjoining Helliwell's Farm. Little colonies of 
dwellings existed at the Bradford end of White Abbey, 
at Upper and Lower Globe, and also at Brick Lane 
End and Four Lane Ends. The oldest inhabited parts 
of Manningham were Skinner Lane, Church Street, and 
East Squire Lane, which immediately adjoined Manningham 
Old Hall. 

Delf Lane and Strait Lane (now Oakroyd) were 
formerly narrow occupation roads branching towards the 
Holmes, the low land lying close to the Bradford Beck. 
From Manningham Lane the centre of the township was 
reached by way of Cowgill (or " Coggill ") Lane, a narrow 
road lined with trees. This terminated in Back Lane, 
which led in a roundabout way to the top of Church 
Street. In Oak Lane and North Park Road we have the 
amplified lines of Duce (or Uewhirst) Lane and Hesp 
Lane, the former leading to Skinner Lane and Trees, and 
the latter to Broad Lane, as Victor Road was then called. 
From Broad Lane the old Jumbles Lane went down to 
Clock House. The Jumbles is now absorbed in Lister 
Park, although a right of way is still preserved to the 
Clock House proprietors. A narrow way known as Dark 
Lane once existed from Hesp Lane to Trees. 

Law Croft Lane was the name once given to what is 
now called Lilycroft Road, and it was connected with 
Towler Lane by a very narrow passage. Towler Lane 
declined in importance as a high road to the north when 
Manningham Lane was opened out, but a tollbar still 



4 History of Manningham. 

stood at the end of Law Croft Lane, just opposite the 
present entrance to Woodlands. At the junction of Toller 
Lane with Smith Lane there was also a chain-bar. The 
upper part of Carlisle Road is upon the line of an ancient 
footpath from Whetley Lane to Back Lane. It is worthy 
of note that the ancient Brick Lane included not only the 
present City Road, but that portion of Thornton Road 
which lies between City Road and Four Lane Ends. 
" Brick Lane " is derived from " Brecks," meaning land that 
had been broken up in getting stone. Thornton Road 
was opened in 1826, and a bar was placed at the bottom 
of Whetley Lane for the purpose of collecting tolls. 
Snakehill Lane, leading from Thornton Road to Allerton 
Road, is denominated Snag Hill in the early surveys. 
The road leading from Four Lane Ends to Great Horton 
was formerly called " Thiefscore Lane," and before the 
bridge was made the crossing of the Thornton Beck was 
called " Thievesford." The lane now bears the gruesome 
title of Cemetery Road. A pleasant footpath once passed 
along the beck side from Thiefscore Bridge to New Miller 
Dam, where stood a small corn mill. Brownroyd, now a 
dense mass of working-class dwellings, takes its name 
from a farmstead of that name, which adjoined Water-side 
Farm. 

Of course the thriving colony at Girlington was non- 
existent at the period under consideration. An occupation 
road passed over the site for a short distance, from the 
direction of Thornton Road towards Duckworth Lane. 
The name is not modern, there being at one time a 
homestead called Girlington standing about the centre of 
Kensington Street, and the name appears in old records. 
Lady Royd is also the designation given to an ancient 
settlement at the bottom of Squire Lane ; and Crow 
Trees is also a name of remote origin. The road from 
Lady Royd towards Throstle Nest and Allerton was 
formerly called Topham Lane, from the name of a farmer 
residing in the locality. There appears to have been a 
little colony at Daisy Hill from early times. 

At the Bradford end of the township much expansion 



History of Manningham. 5 

and many changes have taken place during the present 
century. At the top of Barley Street, leading into Man- 
ningham Lane, there was formerly a large rookery, and a 
fine avenue of elms and sycamores extending from Barley 
Street to Piper Grave, the site of which is now occupied 
by the handsome building erected by the Yorkshire Penny 
Bank. This was, however, not the regular approach to 
Manningham Lane, but only one on sufferance by the 
Lord of the Manor. The high road to Frizinghall and 
the lower part of Manningham was by way of Fair 
Gap, i.e., the narrow thoroughfare leading from Westgate, 
skirting the Pack Horse Inn. A pleasant diversion was 
secured by taking the footpath leading from Piper Grave, 
past the Bradford Grammar School, and along Busy Brig 
Fields to Frizinghall. 

Westgate and White Abbey are both old thorough- 
fares. The first named was one of the three " gates " of 
Bradford, and the principal outlet westward. At the 
bottom of Westgate the market was held, extending up 
to Silsbridge Lane. From that point two roads diverged, 
one passing along Silsbridge Lane, through what is now 
called Lister Hills, up Legrams to Great Morton, and for- 
ward to Halifax. The other road left Westgate on the 
right, by way of Fair Gap into Manningham Lane. The 
continuation of Westgate, however, was the principal high 
road northward, namely, by way of Toller Lane, over 
Cottingley Moor to Cottingley Bridge, and forward through 
Bingley. A divergence from this road took place near the 
Upper Globe Inn on Whctley Hill, where the road to 
Heaton commenced. This road is said to have been in a 
wretched condition, and a "slough of despond " in wintertime 

In 1755 an Act was obtained for opening up the road 
from the west end of Toller Lane over Chellow Height 
and Cullingworth to Colne in Lancashire. The Act was 
chiefly promoted by Bradford, Heaton, and Shipley men, 
the list including the names of Bartlett, Balme, Bentley, 
Cockroft, Field, Hodgson, Hollings, Horsfall, Lister, Sawrey, 
Stansfield, Sagar, Wainman, and others. It is generally 
known as Haworth Road. 



6 History of Manningham. 

The new highway to Keighley, superseding the old 
coach road over Cottingley Moor, was completed about 
seventy years ago from the Spotted House Inn forward. 
Previously the road from Bradford passed close to Clock 
House and through Frizinghall, and was known as Man- 
ningham Low Lane. At best it was but a country lane, 
with hedge-rows on either side, and the narrowest of 
causeways on the western side. The Act for " amending 
the road from Bradford to Keighley, and for making and 
maintaining a branch therefrom," obtained the Royal 
assent in May, 1815, and the present road was several 
years in course of construction. The toll-house near Carr 
Syke, Frizinghall, was finished in October, 1816, and cost 
the trustees of the road .182. Mr. George Leather, jun., 
was the surveyor of the road appointed by the trustees. 
The prices paid to the adjoining landowners for land 
required for making the road varied from gd. to is. 6d. 
per yard. A stone post was placed in Manningham Lane 
to mark the boundary line between Bradford and Man- 
ningham townships, and was long afterwards known as 
" Manningham Stoop." 

In 1836 an exchange of land was made between Mr. 
E. C. Lister and Miss Jowett, of Clock House, of a piece 
of ground called Northrop Ing, situate at Carr Syke, 
consisting partly of the old highway leading from Bradford 
to Shipley and partly of land severed by a branch of 
the Bradford and Keighley highway from another field 
belonging to Mr. Lister, called Emm Lane Close. 

The above-named constituted the principal ancient 
thoroughfares within the district under consideration. It 
goes without saying that such ample approaches as Carlisle 
Road, Oak Lane, and North Park Road are of modern 
creation, while the older thoroughfares have in nearly every 
instance been materially improved. 

Excepting the Primitive Methodist Chapel at Daisy 
Hill and White Abbey Wesleyan Chapel, no regular place 
of worship existed in Manningham half a century ago. 
Manningham Mill was the only manufactory in the town- 
ship, and it was not a very large affair. Notwithstanding 



History of Manningham. 7 

the scores of factories, dyeworks, &c., which have since 
sprung up, the township of Manningham still contains 
much open ground, and is largely residential. 

The township of Manningham includes the suburbs 
on the north-western side of Bradford, and comprises a 
large proportion of the best residential property in the 
borough. The township covers an area of 1318 acres, and 
contains within it the districts known as Girlington, Four 
Lane Ends, Whetley Hill, Lilycroft, and Daisy Hill. Its 
boundaries may be thus briefly described : On the west 
the township is bounded by Dean Beck, dividing it from 
the township of Allerton ; on the north by the township 
of Heaton ; on the east by the Bradford Beck, excepting 
a few roods of ground which belong to Bolton ; and on 
the south by the Thornton Beck, which separates the 
township from that of Horton. 

As indicating the importance of Manningham as a 
railway centre, it may be stated that it is one of the most 
important, provincially, upon the whole of the Midland 
Railway Company's system, and its growth has been 
almost phenomenal. In 1875 the staff of men employed 
by the company at Manningham was 149. In 1895 
the number had risen to 334. The number of engines 
have increased from twenty-five to eighty-five. The train 
mileage increased during the eighteen years from 870,324 
to 1,529,042, or 75 per cent, and the engine mileage from 
1,040,392 to 1,927,708, or 85 per cent. 

These discursory remarks, however, are by way of 
introduction to a more detailed reference to the topo- 
graphical features of Manningham township generally. 



8 History of Manningham. 



CHAPTER II. 

MANNINGHAM IN EARLY TIMES. 

Feudal Lordship in Manningham Ancient Land Tenure John of Gaunt Northrop, 
the Hornhlower (see Frontispiece) The Hornman Lands Feudal Customs 
Manningham in 1480 Land Survey of 1638 Common Field System of 
Cultivation Old Place Names Old Manningham Freeholders Enclosure of 
Manningham Common. 

The early history of Manningham is obscure. When the 
town of Bradford consisted of a few dwellings nestling at 
the foot of Church Bank, the land upon which Manningham 
stands lay open and unenclosed, with patches of ground 
cleared for cultivation. In the earliest survey extant, viz., 
that of 1311, Manningham is described as a berewick or 
village attached to the manor of Bradford. It never there- 
fore boasted the possession of a separate lord, but the 
inhabitants living at the time were subject to the lords of 
the manor of Bradford. They nearly all belonged to the 
class of bondmen common in feudal times, and did service 
by virtue of their holdings to the Lord of the Manor. 
Among other services they were called upon to render was 
that of repairing the lord's mill dam in Bradford. From 
a document relating to Henry VII.'s time, we learn that 
for 300 years the nativi or bondmen of Manningham had 
been under this particular obligation. 

There is evidence of the existence in Bradford from 
early times of a corn mill, at which the inhabitants were 
required to grind their corn, paying certain dues to the 
lord for the privilege. At that period, when the only other 
medium of grinding or crushing grain was the domestic 
quern or handmill, the advantage of a water-driven corn 
mill must have been considerable. Hence originated soke 
rights, which in later times were regarded as an impost, and 
led to much litigation in Bradford. Until quite recently, 



History of Manning/tarn. 9 

when these customs were practically abolished, a portion 
of Manningham was included within the area covered by 
the rights of soke. 

Shortly after the Conquest the manor of Bradford 
came into the possession of Ilbert de Lacy, an adventurer 
who "came over" with the Conqueror, and it was retained 
by his descendants for a considerable period, passing 
ultimately by marriage to the Earls of Lancaster. The 
Lacies, however, were possessed of the barony of Clitheroe, 
as well as the valuable fee of Pontefract, the whole 
including some 150 manors; and some idea of the extent 
of their territory may be gathered from the fact that a 
distance of upwards of ninety miles was traversed during 
the periodical visitations described above. 

At the period first referred to there were only ten 
oxgangs of freehold land in the township of Manningham. 
An "oxgang" was as much land as a team or "gang" of 
oxen could plough in a year, and it was generally computed 
at from thirteen to twenty acres. All the remaining land 
under cultivation was held under servile tenure. Of the 
ancient freehold land, four oxgangs were held by a family 
whose name of Manningham was either derived from or 
was that given to the township. James, the historian, was 
of opinion that their land surrounded an ancient homestead 
which stood on the site of the present Manningham Hall, 
and he traced the descent of it to the early Listers of 
Manningham. The point is of some interest, as there is 
little doubt that what was formerly called Hill Top, the site 
of Manningham Hall, and the neighbourhood of Skinner 
Lane, close by, were the oldest inhabited parts of the 
township. 

The Manningham family was undoubtedly of some 
importance in the place, dating back to about 1300. It 
appears from the Manorial Survey of 1342 that one Roger 
de Manningham held a messuage and two bovates or 
oxgangs of land by the service of going with De Lacy, 
his lord and master, into Blackburnshire, there to hunt 
wild boars with a lance and dog for forty days, receiving 
threehalfpence per day as wages. He was also " to be 



10 History of Manningham. 

ready to appear at the Court at Bradford every three 
weeks to do suit of service, and give to his lord three- 
pence at the time of the invention of the Holy Cross, in 
lieu of the work of one plough ; and at seed time, 
annually, is. 4d. for his freedom." 



HORN-BLOWING IN BRADFORD. 

The other six oxgangs of freehold land belonged to 
John de Northrop, and especial interest attaches to this 
holding from the fact that it was held under similar con- 
ditions to that of Roger de Manningham, to which was 
subsequently added by John of Gaunt, " time-honoured 
Lancaster," the blowing of a horn on St. Martin's Day in 
winter while the semi-regal procession was being marshalled 
at the Market Cross, then probably fixed near to the 
Parish Church. Northrop had the further duty imposed 
upon him of attending the Bailiff of the Manor, and 
conducting him to the Castle at Pontefract as a member 
of his body guard. 

Camden, writing in the i6th century, says : 

Bradford belonged to John of Gaunt, who granted to John 
Northrop of Manningham, an adjoining village, and his heirs, three 
messuages and six bovates of land to come to Bradford on the 
blowing of a horn on St. Martin's Day in winter, and wait on him 
and his heirs in their way from Blackburnshire, with a lance and 
hunting dog for thirty days, to have for yeomans-board, one penny for 
himself and a halfpenny for his dog, &c., for going with the receiver 
or bailiff to conduct him safe to the Castle of Pontefract. A 
descendant of Northrop afterwards granted land in Horton to 
Rushworth of Horton, to hold the hound while Northrop's man blew 
the horn. These are called Hornman or Hornblow lands, and the 
custom is still kept up. A man coming into the market place with a 
horn, halbert, and dog, is met by the owner of the lands in Horton. 
After proclamation made, the former calls out aloud, " Heirs of 
Rushworth, come hold me my hound whilst I blow three blasts of 
my horn, to pay the rent due to our Sovereign Lord the King." He 
then delivers the string to the man from Horton and winds his horn 
thrice. The original horn is still preserved, though stripped of its 
silver ornaments. 

The deed conveying the grant of lands to Northrop 



History of Manningham. 11 

described them as "lying and abutting upon one brook 
running between Manningham and Horton on the south ; 
upon one small brook called Bull-royd Syke on the west ; 
on the north between Manningham and Heaton to the 
height where the rain-water divides ; and on the east upon 
one small brook called Shaw Syke to the water which 
runneth by Bradford." The area comprised about 200 
acres, and was situated about Four Lane Ends, and 
included Girlington. In ancient deeds and in surveys 
made within the present century a portion of the land was 
called " Old Manningham." Not the least interesting fact 
in connection with this ancient grant and curious tenure is, 
that until quite recently, part of the land remained in the 
possession of the Northrop family. The land granted to 
Roger de Manningham was situate in Horton, and was 
probably that known to this day by the name of Hunt 
Yard. 

In the description given of the singular tenure by 
which the Manninghams and Northrops held their posses- 
sions, a glimpse is obtained of the feudal customs under 
which the early inhabitants of these parts laboured. Land 
at that period was of little value, especially to the feudal 
owner of it, and as he had come by it lightly he could 
detach large slices from the whole without feeling the loss. 
Free tenants were generally held responsible for the good 
conduct of the community, and were compelled to do 
military service with their lord in time of need. The 
condition of the serfs was, indeed, hardly to be distin- 
guished from slavery. 

The annual journey of the De Lacies from their seat 
at Pontefract into Blackburnshire would, however, furnish 
a spectacle which to the common people would be a 
welcome relief from the dreary monotony of existence. 
To some, indeed, the event would bring a little gain, as 
we read in a paper contributed to the Bradford Antiquary 
by Mr. Empsall, that it was ordained that one John Reins, 
in common with the other bondmen of Bradford and 
Manningham, "shall carry the victuals of the lord with a 
horse and man from Bradford to Haworth, or Colne, and 



12 History of Manningham. 

thence to Ightinghill, receiving at every township fourpence. 
And he shall carry wood for the lord's use on the journey, 
and also wood for the enclosures on the manor, and what 
may be required at the mill, and receive for every ten 
horse loads one penny." The procession of the lord and 
his retinue, as he passed through the narrow streets of 
Bradford on his way to and from Clitheroe and Pomfret 
Castles, would naturally be the event of the year, and the 
horn-blowing of John de Northrop was doubtless intended 
to add t'clat to the rude pageantry. 

No apology is offered for giving as a frontispiece to 
this work a fancy sketch of the horn-blowing ceremony, as 
it might have been performed in the streets of Bradford 
during the annual processions of the feudal lords. The 
scene attempted to be depicted is, however, not purely 
imaginary. It may be assumed that a halt would be 
made by them at their castle at Bradford, which, on 
the authority of James, the historian, once existed in the 
town, and was probably situate near to Kirkgate. On 
resuming the journey, a muster of retainers and feudal 
tenants would take place, accompanied by the blowing of 
the horn. Such is the foundation, however slender, upon 
which our sketch is based. The costumes pourtrayed have 
been carefully studied from authorities of the period, the 
style of armour of John of Gaunt being accurately figured 
from the identical armour worn by him, and preserved in 
the Tower of London. The admirable sketch has been 
specially designed and drawn for this work by Miss 
Nannie Preston, a young artist of rare ability, and 
daughter of John Emanuel Preston, of Littlebeck Hall, 
Gilstead. 

FEUDAL OPPRESSIONS. 

The inhabitants of Manningham during the reign of 
Henry VII. were subject to much oppression from the 
insatiable avarice of that monarch, exercised through 
bailiffs and others who were employed to enrich the 
Royal coffers. This fact is brought out in the records of 
the Duchy of Lancaster, existing in the archives of the 



History of Manningham. 13 

Record Office, London. From these records we quote 
a document which is only briefly alluded to in James's 
History of Bradford. It sets forth the complaints of the 
tenants of Manningham against John Clark, the King's 
Duchy auditor, and is dated 1489. It is as follows : 

To the King our Sovereign Lord. 

Lamentable complaynings coming from your tenants of the 
township of Manningham, parcel of your Duchy of Lancaster, that 
your said tenants have had and occupied ten oxgangs of land by 
copy of the Court after the custom of your manor and lordship, they 
yielding and paying yearly 45. 6d. for one oxgang peaceably 999 
years, which they yearly pay as and in all seasons having all their 
own duly when at their own cost. That many tenants are unable to 
pay their rent, and all this notwithstanding have no hope but more 
like to forsake their tenancy. That the said John Clark, the King's 
auditor, hath put them out of their lands which they have had time 
out of mind as pasture for their cattle, within the said moor and 
certain fields adjoining to the town of Bradford and Manningham 
aforesaid, and hath enclosed the said lands which they have hitherto 
enjoyed, and hath left little or none of them to your said tenants 
whereupon they may put their cattle. Wherefore your said tenants 
humbly beseech you to have pity upon them and to so order their 
affairs as to suffer your said tenants to occupy and hold the said 
land without let or hindrance as they the said tenants and the tenants 
before them have had and used in times past, and they pray God for 
the long life of your most noble, &c. 

Manningham contributed its quota to the roll of men 
able to bear arms, " as well archers as other men on horse 
and on fote," during Henry VIII. 's reign. In the list 
are the names of Tristram Boiling, John Yllyngwurthe, 
Nicholas long, Will Northrop, Nicholas Webster, John 
Rodes, Thomas Cordinley, and others. The total number 
of men able to bear arms was thirty-six, of whom eleven 
were archers and twenty bill men. 

ANCIENT TOWNSHIP SURVEY. 

Prior to the year 1638 the vicar of Bradford, Mr. Okell, 
along with the other grantees of the manor of Bradford, 
created a number of copyhold estates in Manningham, and 



14 



History of Manningham. 



from a survey taken at the time of the several holdings, 
we gain information as to the nature and value of the 
allotments, the old place-names then existing, and the 
names of copyholders. The document has a considerable 
antiquarian interest, and we give it in extenso : 



TONGE Land, Three Oxgangs 

Stone Close 

Cruckleswell Closes 

Jo. Wilkinson 

Will. Clayton, Highfiekl 
Jo. Denton, Lilycroft ... 
South Brake (or Brecks) 
Heaton Brakes ... 
Clay Royds 
Houses and Crofts 

Tonge Lands 

Deane Closes and Boulton 

Royds 6 

Middlefield Close 2 

Old Manningham 4 

West Field 4 



A. 


R. 


p. 


O 


3 


12 


a 


a 


O 


o 
a 


3 

2 


o 
16 


2 


O 


o 


3 


a 


6 


3 


x 


4 


i 


2 


13 


4 
5 


i 
o 


3 
38 



RICH. WILKINSON, Three Oxgangs : 

A. K. P. 

His House and Old Enclosures 25 i 29 
Nicholas Crabtree, for Akeroyd 120 
Nich. Wilkinson, Far Croft ... i o i 

The Hyghfield 200 

Breck Closes 3 o 24 



ISAAC BALMFORTH, Two Oxgangs : 

A. K. P. 



336 



2 30 

2 24 

I O 

o 8 



THOS. CRABTREE, One Oxgang : 

A. R. P. 

His House and Old Land ... 5 o 18 
Will. Clayton, one Close ...130 
Nich. Wilkinson, South Field I o 17 

Robt. Clarkson i o 12 

Nich. Crabtree, Wheatleys ...300 
Jo. Dawson, Cliff Field .. 200 

His Painefiekl and Highficld... i o o 



His House and Croft ... 

One Close betwixt Wilkinson 

and Crabtree .. 

Southfield 

Simeon Bower Close 

Southfield 

The Hardinge 

Jo. Wilkinson, Cruckleswell ... 
Jona"- Walker, Akeyroyd 
His other House and Croft 
Two Closes in Wheatley 
Rich. Wilkinson, Westfield ... 

Thos. Wilkinson 

Jo. Wilkinson, Middlefield ... 
Will. Clayton, Hyghfield 
Boulton Royds 



RICHARD MITCHELL, Two Oxgangs: 

A. R, P. 



I 


o 24 


o 


336 


I 


i 20 


I 


37 


o 


2 12 


I 


O 12 


X 


O 2O 


o 


2 28 


3 


O O 


a 


2 O 


a 


2 O 


a 


O O 


i 


3 o 


X 


I O 



NORTHEN Land. Three Oxgangs :- 

A. R. 

Houses and Garths i o 


p. 
o 


His House and Old Enclosure.. 
Breck Close 


33 

X 


a 
o 


26 
O 


Lilly Croft 


i 


2 


18 




A. 


X* 


p. 


Deane Close 


o 


3 


*5 


Jos. Hollings, House and 








Jo. Cosen and Jo. Walsh 


a 


2 


o 


Land, one oxgang ... 


18 


3 


o 


Thos. Brooke, Wheatley Close 


a 


a 


32 


Mr. Lister, House and Old 








In the West Field 


S 


o 


o 


Enclosure, two oxgangs 


20 


xo 





South Field 


i 


3 


o 


Will Clayton in the Highfield.. 


a 


o 


o 


Balme Closes 


i 


x 


o 


Isaac Hammond, House and 








Welbutts 


o 


t 


o 


Croft ... 


X 







Holtfield 


4 


9 


o 


Will. Northrop 




x 


17 


Tho. Wilkinson, Holme 


i 


3 


6 


Jo. Crabtree, one oxgang 


6 


X 


-/ 

i.S 


The Holmes on both sides the 








Hustler and Hyghfield 


o 


3 


IS 


Beck ... 


o 


3 


56 


Thos. Craven 


_ 






Royde Close 


o 


3 


j 
37 


Mich. Northrop 


I 


3 


3 


The Hill 


o 




OA 


Rishworth Land 


IO 




1 6 


Old Manningham 


9 


o 


J^ 

iS 


Abra. Sutcliffe 








8 



History of Manningham. 15 

A, K. P. A R !' 

James Phillipp 5 i 20 Cliff 3' 3 

Abra. Rodes 421 Jer. Bower, Southfield 230 

Royd Land 218 Jo. Rollings 120 

Widd. Pollard 303 Nicli. Crabtree, Far Close and 

Thos. Craven i o 30 Intack 220 

Laurence Roberts 4 3 19 Jo. Northropp, Intack i o o 

Jo. Walker, Brecks 3 o 24 School Land 15 o o 

Thos. Brook, Brecks 4 020 Humfrey Lister i o o 

Jo. Fearnley .024 

Thos. Ibbotson 3 j o A Survey of the Copyhold Land in 

Manningham. 

Mr. OKELL, Three Oxgangs : HEN. BRADSHAW Land : 

A. R. I'. A. R. P. 

His House and Croft i i 32 His Houses and Croft 4 i 30 

Green Croft 2 o 16 The Lands 5 o 38 

Katheren Close i i o Deane Closes and Boulton 

Clay Royd 200 Royde 6 2 30 

Deane Bank i i o The Middlefield 2 2 24 

West Field 400 Old Manningham .., ...410 

Barnard Dawson Closes ... 3 3 8 West Field 4 o 8 

Helliwell Ash . 2 3 26 

~, ,, , THOS. BROOKE Land : 

The Holme 136 A i; p 

Will. Clayton i o o Stone Close o 3 12 

Will. Pearson . , i o o Cruckleswell Closes 



OLD PLACE NAMES. 

The old names of fields or enclosures are always 
interesting, as affording indication of the character of the 
surface or subsoil ground, and of the methods of tillage. 
Thus, in the Tonge lands, we find the names of the 
Stone Close, Clay Royds, South Brakes, Heaton Brakes, 
and West Field. In Thomas Crabtree's allotment there 
are the names of the Wheatlcys, the South Field, Cliff 
Field, and Highfield. The Northen (query, Northrop) land, 
comprised a portion of Old Manningham, Lily Croft, 
another portion of South Field, the Butts, and the Holme. 
Richard Wilkinson's land was called the Brecks. Isaac 
Balmforth had other portions of the South Field, Akeroyd, 
two closes in the Wheatleys, a portion of the Middlefield, 
and Boulton Royds. The description of Vicar Okell's 
holding was prefixed by the title of " Mr.," this being the 
only instance, excepting that of Lister, where that distinc- 
tion was made. He had the Cliff, Intake, Dean Bank, 
a portion of the West Field, a portion of Clay Royd, 
Halliwell Ash, and land in the Holme. 



16 History of Manningham. 

Such terms as Stone Close, the Cliff, and Clay Royd 
betray their origin, while in the Wheatleys and the Holme 
we recognise the rich, low-lying lands. The " royds " were 
cleared lands, it might be of oak, ash, or other timber. 
Akeroyd, part of Richard Wilkinson's holding, is still 
called Oakroyd. With Halliwell Ash, a name which 
existed down to recent times, was associated the tradition 
of the "holy well," which it is said once existed near to 
the present Thorncliffe Road. The site of the well is 
marked upon the latest Ordnance map. " Dean Bank " 
is only another name for " Chellow Dean." 

That ancient system of land tenure and cultivation 
known as the " common field system," when the land was 
cultivated in common, is amply illustrated in Manningham 
by such names as West Field, South Field, North Field, 
and Middlefield, and several of these names still exist in 
Manningham. In several parts of the township there were 
common fields for cultivation, which were respectively 
divided into strips or plots, so that each occupier might 
have an equal share of good and bad land, and near and 
distant land. Each division had also its common meadow, 
while other portions of the township were laid out in 
" stinted " pastures, i.e., grazing land where the inhabitants 
had the right of grazing a limited number of cows or 
working oxen. The position of some of these common 
fields will be indicated in a subsequent chapter. A 
division of the common lands of Manningham took 
place in 1584, in connection with which much contention 
arose. 

The largest landholders in 1638 were William Lister, 
127 acres ; Thomas Wilkinson, 93 acres ; John and 
Gregory Cockroft, 35 acres; John Crabtree, 31 acres; 
Henry Bradshaw, 29 acres ; Mr. Okell, 26 acres ; John 
Hollings, 25 acres ; Richard Wilkinson, 33 acres ; John 
Wilkinson, 22 acres ; George Northrop, 25 acres ; John 
Northrop, 17 acres; School land, 15 acres. The latter 
item refers to the lands belonging to the Bradford 
Grammar School, which were situate in various parts of 
the township. 



History of Manningham. 17 



OLD MANNINGHAM FREEHOLDERS. 

From a curious old record, giving a list of freeholders 
in and near Bradford, with columns showing "how they 
are expected to vote" at the election for the undivided 
county of York in May, 1734, the following list of 
Manningham freeholders is abstracted. The candidates 
named in the book were Sir Rowland Winn, Bart., 
Cholmley Turner, Esq., and Sir Miles Stapleton, two 
members being required. The list of Manningham free- 
holders is as follows, with a record of how they were 
" expected " to vote, viz. : 

W. T. S. W. T. S. 

Wm. Shires I I Wm. Tetley 

Mr. John Lister I Rich. Tetley i i 

Jno. Cordingley ... - i David Jowett i i 

Tempest Cordingley... - i Wm. Jowett - 

Robt. Fourness ... i "Landlord at Globe" 

Abra. Fourness ... - i Win. Topham - 

Thos. Cowgill i Jno. Kitchin - i 

Jno. Wilkinson i Wm. Naylor - 

Nicholas Pollard ... - Jno. Yeadon i i 

Thos. Hodshon i i 

Among the list of Bradford freeholders we find the 
names of John Northrop and William Northrop, cloth 
dressers, and Jonas and William Northrop, described as 
whitesmiths. 

The following is the list of freeholders at " Heaton-on- 
the-Hill " and Frizinghall, copied from the same record, 
viz. : Peter Crabtree, Richard Thompson, Mr. Field, 
Dr. Bradford, Jas. Gaugroger, Jas. Drake, Jno. Crabtree, 
James Lambert, Abra. Rhodes, Jer. Rhodes, Peter 
Watkinson, George Bcanland, James Booth, Geo. Booth, 
Josiah Craven, James Lister, Samuel Lister, Matthew 
Cordingley, Peter Atkinson, John Rawson, Jno. Beanland, 
and Joseph Beanland. 

From other sources it would appear that four candi- 
dates went to the poll, the one not named being Edward 
Wortley Montague, Esq., but no account seems to have 
B 



18 History of Manningham. 

been taken of him in the Bradford canvass. The poll 
lasted six days, with the following result : Sir Miles 
Stapleton, 7896 votes ; Cholmley Turner, Esq., 7879 ; Sir 
Rowland Winn, 7699 ; Edward Wortley Montague, 5898. 

ENCLOSURE OF MANNINGHAM COMMON. 

In the general survey of the township reference was 
made to twelve closes of land at Daisy Hill belonging 
to the Manningham poor, the total area of which was 
25a. 2r. 39p. This land was apportioned to the poor of 
Manningham under the scheme for the Enclosure of 
Manningham Common. The following document, copied 
from the original agreement, and dated January nth, 
1802, has especial reference to the land in question : 

Whereas in the year of our Lord 1783 a meeting of the free : 
holders of the township of Manningham was held for the purpose of 
taking into consideration the utility of inclosing and cultivating a 
certain quantity of waste ground called Manningham Common, and 
on examining the great number of freeholders having lands, &c., in 
the said township it was judged that it would be a very difficult 
matter to appropriate or divide the above-mentioned waste ground in 
proportion to the respective freeholders' estates. 

It was unanimously agreed upon by the freeholders at the said 
meeting that the above-mentioned ground should be inclosed and 
cultivated, and the expense of such improvement should be paid out 
of the rents of the ground when let to farm till the expenses were 
fully discharged, and afterwards the rents and profits of the said 
ground given to the poor belonging to the township of Manningham ; 
and in order to carry forward the business the following gentlemen, 
being the principal freeholders in the said Township, were appointed 
by a Trust Deed made for that purpose, viz. : Mr. Sharp, of Horton ; 
Mr. Field, of Heaton ; Mr. Lister, Mr. Jowett, and Mr. Richard 
Hodgson, the three last-mentioned being inhabitants of Manningham. 
After they had brought the said ground into a tenable situation did 
let to farm in the year of our Lord, 1784, for the term of eighteen 
years, to the following persons : James Topham, Joseph Frankland, 
Robert Pearson, Jonas Hill, and John Greenwood, for the annual sum 
of fifteen pounds, which sum was annually paid by the said tenants, 
in proportion to their respective allotments, into the hands of Mr. 
Richard Hodgson, till the expenses of inclosing and cultivating the 
said Common were fully discharged ; and afterwards the rents 
and profits were paid by the tenants to the Overseers of the 



History of Manningham. 19 

Poor for their time being, which was laid out for the support and 
maintenance of the poor to the satisfaction of the freeholders of the 
said township. 

And whereas the term of eighteen years, being the time the 
ground was let for, will expire at Candlemas next, and Mr. Lister, 
Mr. Jowett, and Mr. Hodgson being dead, at a public town's meeting 
of the freeholders and other leaseholders it was agreed that the 
surviving trustees (Mr. Sharp and Mr. Field) should be applied to 
respecting their trust. Accordingly application was made to Mr. Field, 
who gave for answer that he would be no more concerned as a 
trustee ; on application being made to Mr. Sharp, he for answer 
wished to resign his trust into the hands of Mr. Richard Hodgson, 
Mr. Jowett, and Mr. Nathan Jowett, son to the late Mr. Jowett, who 
was one of the late trustees. In consequence thereof Mr. John Jowett 
and Mr. Nathan Jowett have taken John Rhodes and James Anderton, 
two of the principal fanners in the town, along with them, and have 
taken a minute survey of the premises, and have made an estimate 
of the annual value of the same, and that according to times they 
have unanimously agreed in their judgment that the said ground is 
worth thirty pounds a year, which said valuation has been laid before 
the tenants, and they have all unanimously agreed to continue their 
respective allotments at the above valuation, upon condition that they 
may have it for a term ; but if the said ground at any time have any 
taxes imposed on it, such taxes should be allowed them back again 
out of the respective rents they pay. 

In consequence the said gentlemen, Mr. Richard Hodgson, Mr. 
John Jowett, and Mr. Nathan Jowett, have agreed that the above- 
named shall have the ground to farm at the above-mentioned rent, 
the tenants fulfilling the conditions expressed in their leases made to 
them by the late trustees, save the rent therein mentioned. 

The rents, by order of the above gentlemen, to be paid when 
due to the Overseers of the Poor, to be laid out for the relief of the 
said poor. 

In witness whereof the persons concerned have hereunto set 
their hands in this town's book, this nth day of January, 1802. 

s. d. 

James Topham Rent for his Allotments ... 5 2 4 
Isaac Smith (for Frankland) do. ... 4 10 4 

Robert Pearson do. ."55 

Jonas Hill do. ... 10 o o 

John Greenwood do. ... 5 2 4 

,3 o 

Signed in the presence of 

WILL WHEATER, Overseer. 

BENJN. CARRINGTON, Overseer of the Poor. 



20 History of Manningham. 

A movement has recently been inaugurated by the 
Bradford Guardians, who are the rightful custodians of the 
Manningham poor lands, for taking the several closes of 
land into their own possession, and utilising it for the 
purposes of home cultivation. This movement is an out- 
come of the agitation for providing employment for 
persons in receipt of poor law relief whom it is not 
desirable to stigmatise as "paupers," but up to the time of 
publication nothing definite had been arrived at in respect 
to the matter. 

On the enclosure of the wastes of Heaton in 1781 
much disputation arose as to a portion of waste ground 
at Chellow Heights, claimed by Joshua Field, Esq., lord 
of the manor of Heaton, as belonging to Heaton Common, 
which was resisted by John Marsden, lord of the manor 
of Bradford, and the freeholders of Manningham. The 
matter was subsequently referred to the arbitrament of 
Mr. Serjeant Aspinall, who made his award on August 1 7th, 
1780, in favour of Manningham. 



History of Manningham. 21 



CHAPTER III. 
TOWN'S AFFAIRS AT MANNINGHAM. 

Overseers' Accounts for 1692 Bolton Lane Town's Affairs in 1800 Opposition 
to Bradford Improvement Act of 1829 Charter of Incorporation, 1847 First 
Representatives for Manningham Statistics of Population, c. Manningham 
Constables from 1607. 

Feudal customs of the past have left not a trace 
behind them in Manningham. The common fields exist 
but in name, as the " North Field," the " South Field," 
&c.; the bull stoup and the stocks are matters of tradition, 
although it is but comparatively recently that the latter 
were removed from Stocks Green. Like other townships 
in the borough of Bradford, Manningham had its own local 
government until 1847, when a Charter of Incorporation 
was granted to the borough, which Charter, by the way, 
was stoutly opposed so far as Manningham township was 
concerned, as it was* thought to be " too far away " to be 
reckoned part of Bradford ! This fact, borne out by 
records given in a subsequent page, forms a curious 
commentary on the existing state of things. 

Prior to incorporation, Manningham had its own con- 
stables, highway surveyors, overseers, and churchwardens ) 
offices which were held in turn by the more patriotic 
of its inhabitants. The records of their doings, such as 
they were, have been preserved, and now lie before us. 
Unfortunately the materials are only of the usual meagre 
description. Those who would learn something of the 
village life of Manningham in the olden time are con- 
fronted with such bald entries as the following : 

Jan. 28, 1669. 

Samuel Crabtree, being Constable of Manningham for the year 
above-named, made his accounts, and it appeared that he had collected 



22 History of Manningham. 

more than he had disbursed one pound eighteen shillings and 

eightpence halfpenny, which he is ordered to pay to the present 
constable for the town's use. 
Signed, 

THO. LISTER. JONAS NORTHROP. 

JOHN CRABTREE. WILL. WILKINSON. 

From the extract given, it is evident that the ratepayers 
of Manningham two hundred years ago had to rest con- 
tent with little information as to income and outgo, the 
amounts collected and disbursed not even being given. A 
few years later, however, the amounts were inserted, 
amounting to a few pounds only. 

For the privilege of inspecting the oldest town's book, 
dating from about 1680 to 1789, we are indebted to Mr. 
Thomas Crowther, clerk to the Bradford Union, whose 
father, the late Mr. George B. Crowther, was for several 
years assistant overseer of Manningham ; also to Mr. 
Watson Rogers, the present assistant overseer, for a similar 
favour. 

The following names, among others, are met with in 
the old town's book, a few of them being at present 
represented, viz.; 1608, John Crabtree ; 1609, William 
Northrop; 1612, Nicholas Wilkinson, John Lister; 1620, 
John Northrop ; 1633, John Rollings ; 1649, John Wilkin- 
son ; 1650, John Jowett ; 1653, Henry Bradshaw ; 1656, 
John Lister; 1665, Abm. Kitching ; 1669, John Jowett, 
of Breck-yate ; 1689, Thos. Lister; 1691, John Jowett, of 
Brecks ; 1693, John Lister ; 1706, John Jowett, of Breck 
Lane ; 1722, William Boiling ; 1749, William Cowgill, 
Thomas Cowgill; 1752, Samuel Lister; 1752, Nicholas 
Pollard; 1757, Jos. Pollard; 1760, Dr. Bradford; 1761, 
Nathan Hodgson ; 1766, Richard Hodgson. 

From the assessment levied in 1699 we learn that a 
sum of 55 53. I id. was realised, which was doubtless 
sufficient to meet all the requirements of the township for 
that year. 

From the overseers' accounts for the same year we 
glean a few items in order to show how the money was 
expended, the following being examples, viz. : 



History of Manningham. 23 

s. d. 
Paid John Fearnside for mossing and daubing ye 

riggins of ye houses yt Jer. Northrop and Mary 

Green live in 046 

Going to Halifax for Dr. Prescott, and staying all 

night 026 

Gave Martha Brigg to buy something that Dr. 

Richardson ordered her o I o 

Paid Dr. Prescott o 15 o 

Ye Clark for keeping some poor people out of the 

register 020 

Shot at Globe o 14 o 

Paid Dr. Bradford for Bolton wife o I o 

Paid the Church lay 440 

Widow Ward going to Dr. Rawson o i 6 

Widow Clark rent I o o 

Paid for half of goods when Heaton joined in the 

Workhouse 6 n 8 

From the natural history notes on the Bradford 
Churchwardens' Accounts, compiled by Mr. Herbert A. 
Wroot, of Bradford, we learn that amounts were paid 
from time to time, between the years 1668 and 1748, for 
the killing of animals considered as vermin. Among the 
condemned creatures were otters, polecats (or foumarts), 
badgers, foxes, and hedgehogs. The following are a few 
extracted items, viz. : 

s. d. 

Received of Manningim (they had a fox-head) ...230 
Otherwise the share of the Church "lay" or rate 

would be 240 

Allowed Daniel Greenwood, Churchwarden of 

Heaton, for two fox-heads 020 

To Churchwardens of Mannigam for heghogs and 

otters 020 

To th' Churchwardens of Mannigham for four 

hedghogs and a fowmard o o I 

The great pains taken by the town's officials to 
prevent poor people settling and becoming a burden upon 
the ratepayers is exhibited in the following extract from 
the town's book, dated May i, 1732 : 

Memorandum of Agreement : That Mr. Sowden shall not for 
the future let any of his cottages in the town of Manningham to any 



24 History of Manningham. 

person whatsoever other than to those that have a legal settlement in 
the town. 

Signed, 

JOHN LISTER. JOHN WILKINSON. 

TEMPEST CORDINGLEY. NICHOLAS POLLARD. 
WILL SKIERS. WM. BOLLING. 

Similar precautions were taken in August, 1762, as 
appears by the following, signed by the mark of one Ann 
Flannagan : 

Received this day of the town of Manningham ye sum of 
2 2s., for which said sum I promise to return to Ireland my native 
country, and take my two children with me, and not to give 
Manningham any more trouble with me. 

Two closes of land in Whetley Lane, called White 
Field and Coal Pit Close, were about the year 1757 
disposed of by the overseers of Bradford to raise funds 
for the erection of the "new Bradford Workhouse." An 
indenture before us of the above date states that 

Whereas, two closes of land in Manningham called White Field 
and Cole Pit Close, the rents whereof have time out of mind been 
received by the overseers of the poor of Bradford and disbursed for 
the relief of such poor persons ; and whereas, for the better conveni- 
ence of such poor, the churchwardens and overseers have lately 
erected a workhouse, and in order to raise the funds they have 
contracted with John Wood, of Manningham, woolstapler, for the sale 
to him of the said two closes for the sum of .144, &c. 



BENJ. PEILE, Dyer, ) 

THOS. LAW, Roper, ] Churchwardens. 

JOHN ROBINSON, Wiredrawer, 



JOHN SUGDEN, Baker, J Overseers. 

The attesting witnesses were Samuel Lister, Jere. Rawson, 
Chas. Booth, clerk, Chas. Swain Booth, Benj. Bartlett, 
Rich. Sclater, Thos. Rawson, Abm. Balme, John Hustler, 
Henry Hemingway. The Workhouse in Barkerend was 
erected in 1738, the cost being the modest sum of 360. 
The churchwardens of that period, however, were sorely 
troubled how to meet so large a drain upon the ratepayers 
without inflicting upon them a burden " too grievous to be 



History of Manningham. 25 

borne," as they plaintively put it, and they obtained leave 
to borrow money upon their own security. It would 
appear that nineteen years later the sum of 144 remained 
unpaid, and was raised by the sale of the two closes 
named. 

In May, 1760, a Memorandum of Agreement was 
entered into at a town's meeting, as follows : 

That there shall not be above 2s. 6d. expended at any one 
meeting of the inhabitants of Manningham relating to town's affairs ; 
nor shall any officer lay out los. in any town's affair more than the 
preceding officer without giving notice to the inhabitants and calling 
a meeting for that purpose ; and if any officer do put the town to 
any such expense, he shall pay such sum exceeding IDS. out of his 
own pocket. 

Signed, 

THOMAS COWGIU,. JOHN CORDINGLEY. 

NATHAN JOWETT. RICH. HODGSON. 

JOHN WOOD. 

In the overseers' accounts for 1760, Thomas Cowgill 
being overseer, there are such curious items as the 
following : 

s. d. 

Paid for a web of cloth I I 6 

Holt lad a pare of britches 013 

Holt lad a pare of clogs 007 

Elizabeth Priestley, to buy a pot with 003 

Ann Barber, a pare shoes 007 

Ellen Marshall, her rent oio o 

Dr. Wright, for Jacob Jowett wife leg 048 

Fade for James Lister cow summering 250 

What was pade at Globe 0160 

To licker at Globe 020 

From the occurrence of these two latter items it would 
appear that the poor of the township were paid at the 
Globe Inn, and that it required two shillingsworth of ale 
to wash down the proceeding. The overseers' meetings 
were held monthly. 

By Memorandum signed September 28th, 1774, it was 
agreed : " That every overseer of the poor and other officer 
shall for the future charge for his different journeys about 



26 History of Manningham. 

the town's affairs when upon necessary business as under, 
viz. : To Bradford is. 6d., to Cottingley or Rhodes 
(Royds) Hall is. 6d., to Halifax or Leeds 2s. 6d., or to any 
other place within three or four miles from this town is. 6d." 
The apprenticing of youths by indenture is now 
almost becoming a rarity ; but we have met with many 
such documents referring to Manningham apprentices. On 
the back of a document binding a " town's 'prentice " 
to Richard Hodgson, of Whetley, there is the following 
appendix : 

It duly appearing unto us, Henry Wickham and Johnson 
Atkinson Busfeild, Esquires, two of His Majesty's Justices of the 
Peace for the West Riding, that the within-named John Wilson, the 
apprentice, is upwards of twenty-one years of age and now married, 
and each party agreeing that the within Indenture shall be discharged, 
We do therefore hereby discharge the within-mentioned John Wilson 
from his Indenture of apprenticeship to the said Richard Hodgson, 
anything in the within Indenture to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Given under our hands and seals, this eighteenth day of 
February, 1783. 

J. A. BUSFEILD. 
HEN. WICKHAM. 

The records for 1789 make mention of the indictment 
of the township of Bolton for the repair of Bolton Lane, 
which was in a very bad condition, namely : 

Whereas two separate indictments have been preferred against 
Julius Dalby and William Lee for not repairing two parts of a 
highway leading from Manningham through Bolton to Eccleshill, one 
of which part so indicted is described as extending to or near to the 
township of Manningham ; and it is apprehended that the inhabitants 
of the town of Manningham or the occupiers of land adjoining upon 
Bolton Lane may be either immediately or ultimately affected by the 
event of such indictment. Therefore, we whose names are hereunto 
subscribed do consent and agree that the surveyors of the highways 
in Manningham may charge in their accounts such expenses as they 
shall expend in defending any such indictments as may in any 
manner affect the town of Manningham. 

As witness our hands this nth day of December, 1789. 

SAM LISTER. MATTHEW WATKINSON. 

RICHD. HODGSON. THOS. ANDERTON. 

WILL NORTHROP. WM. WILKINSON. 
WM. BOOTH. 



History of Manningham. 27 

From an early period in the present century the 
town's meetings were generally held at John Ledgerd's, 
the Old or Upper Globe Inn. Here the constables, 
overseers, churchwardens, and highway surveyors were 
appointed annually, and all other town's business tran- 
sacted The town's books now become more ample in 
details, and afford information as to the cost of materials, 
the value of labour, &c., which is worth placing on record. 
The following items, for instance, are highway surveyors' 
accounts for April and May, 1814: 

s. d. 
To the Clerk for Crying a Meeting upon Mr. Lister's 

Stone Settling 002 

To John Padget, breaking 26 loads, with 2 horses, 

in Low Lane, at 5d. per load ... o 10 10 
To do. 13 loads, rather smaller, from George's 

Garden, at 4d per load o 4 4 

To do. 160 yards of causeway laying, at 2d. 

per yard I 6 8 

To John Lambert, ^ day taking dirt from Dean 

Syke o o ii 

To John Padget, levelling the road at Lane Head, 

X da X 013 

To do. breaking five 2 horse loads, at 5d. ... o 2 i 

To do. filling for Moses Drake o I o 

To John P. and J n - Lambert, letting water off in 

Low Lane, each }A day (boy, nd.) 022 

John Padget, I day, labouring 026 

To do. for eight 2 horse loads of stone 
breaking at Lilly Croft, at 5d. 

per load 034 

To do. 20 yards of causeway laying at 2d. 
per yard, he undertaking to break 
and lay on the 2 loads brought 
by W. Cowgill o 3 4 

In October, 1823, Mr. Richard Margerison, being 
highway surveyor for that year, reported that he had 
received the sum of 40 from the Commissioners of the 
Bradford and Keighley Road, " being half the amount of 
the cost of laying 993 yards of causeway from Manning- 
ham Stoop (the boundary stone between Manningham and 
Bradford townships) to Mr. Lister's Gates." This important 



28 History of Manningham. 

undertaking was necessitated by the opening up of the 
highway to Cottingley Bridge in substitution of the former 
coach road by way of Toller Lane and Cottingley Moor. 

In October, 1835, John Wood, schoolmaster, after- 
wards better known as " Spectacle Wood," was appointed 
vestry clerk, he being required to " make all the rates for 
Manningham, keep the overseers' and surveyors' accounts, 
answer their letters and make out their bills, find all 
necessary books, besides making and paying for printing 
the voters and jury lists, give publicity to all town's 
meetings, and attend the same, all which he shall do for 
two pounds a quarter." This magnificent recompense for 
such an array of duties was subsequently increased to 
three guineas per quarter, or 12 I2S. per annum. 

During the year 1829 a serious calamity threatened 
the ratepayers of Manningham, by the proposal to annex 
a portion of the township to Bradford for lighting and 
watching purposes, and to levy upon them a rate for that 
purpose. We append the resolution passed at a town's 
meeting entire, as it affords curious reading : 

April 8, 1829. At a public town's meeting held this day, 
pursuant to notice given at the Church, respecting a certain Bill 
now pending in Parliament for the purpose of charging the township 
of Manningham with watching and lighting, and other improvements 
in the town of Bradford, it was unanimously agreed that E. C. Lister 
and Richard Margerison be appointed to employ some fit and proper 
person to oppose the said Bill, so that the township of Manningham 
may be struck out of the Act, and not be joined in the Bill in any 
way whatsoever. 

Signed, 

RICHARD MARGERISON, JOHN MOLYNEUX. 

Chairman. JOB WOOD. 

JOHN PATCHETT. JERH. AMBLER. 

THOMAS MERCER. ISAAC DENBY. 

JOSEPH HELLIWELL for JONAS EDWARD LAMBERT. 

SUGDEN. WILLIAM FRANKLAND. 

EDMUND JOWETT. JAMES HARRISON. 

THOMAS RHODES. JERH. DIXON. 

JOHN JARRATT. BRIAN COWGILL. 

NOTE. Matthew Thompson protests against this resolution being carried 
unanimously, having voted against it 



History of Manningham. 29 

The proposed Bill was one to supersede the Bradford 
Commissioners' Act of 1803, and was intended to include 
the hamlet of Little Horton and " such parts of the 
townships of Bowling and Manningham as lie immediately 
contiguous to Bradford." The attempt, however, proved 
abortive, largely owing to the opposition offered by the 
ratepayers of Manningham and Bowling, who were fearful 
of the increased taxation expected to follow. 

In April, 1847, a Charter of Incorporation was 
granted to the borough of Bradford, to comprise the 
townships of Bowling, Bradford, Horton, and Manningham, 
when the borough was divided into eight wards. Whilst 
divisions took place in Bradford proper, the out-township 
wards were co-extensive with their respective township 
boundaries. The first burgess roll for Manningham 
comprised 468 names, and the first ward representa- 
tives were Richard Margerison, John Tordoff, and John 
Denby. Mr. George Rogers was the first Manningham 
alderman. 

The following persons have represented the township in 
the Town Council, in addition to the above-named, viz. : 
G. T. Lister (1849), Edwd. Kenion (1850), Thomas Ambler 
(1851), John Smith (1852), Joseph Bentham (1854), Joseph 
Nutter (1855), Edmund Jowett (1856), William Guy (1860), 
Jeremiah Ambler (1861), Samuel Sutcliffe (1863), James 
Fairbank, Andrew McKean (1864), W. C. Atkinson (1865), 
Richard Crabtree (1866), James Drummond (1867), John 
Priestman (1870), Edward West (1872), Joseph White, 
Fred. Priestman (1874), David Mellor (1877), Henry 
Yewdall (1880), Robert Milligan (1881), Dennis Bottomley, 
Richard Lord (1882), T. C. Hope (1883), J. Arthur Binns 
(1884), Robert Shackleton (1888), R. M. Macmaster (1890), 
Edwin Wood (1891), F. W. Jowett, C. L. Robinson (1892), 
John W. Jarratt (1894). The dates given refer to the 
years when first returned. 

The following residents of Manningham have filled 
the office of Mayor of Bradford since the incorporation of 
the borough in 1847, viz. : Isaac Wright, Matthew Wm. 
Thompson, Joseph Farrar, Charles Semon, Edward West, 



80 History of Manningham. 

Henry Mitchell, Angus Holden, John Hill, Frederick 
Priestman, Isaac Smith, and Thomas Hill. 

According to a measurement taken in November, 
1839, the length of highways in and repairable by the 
township of Manningham was 7 miles 107 yards. The 
Bradford and Thornton turnpike road in Manningham 
measured i mile 231 yards, Manningham Lane I mile 
99 yards, Toller Lane, or the old Bradford and Keighley 
Road, i mile 385 yards, making a total length of roads in 
the township of 10 miles and 1022 yards. The total 
acreage of the township is 12423. 3r. I4p. 

The following statistics represent the position of 
Manningham township up to the date of publication, viz.: 
Population of Manningham: 1841, 5622; 1851, 9604; 
1861, 12,890; 1871, 19,682; iSSi, 37,310; 1891, 45,051- 
Property assessable to the Poor rates: 1868, 61,055; 
1875, 122,109; 1885, 175,034; 1895, 204,856. Number 
of burgesses on the rolls since the rearrangement of the 
wards: 1882,3409; 1885,3921; 1890,4137; 1895,4553. 
Number of electors entitled to vote at Parliamentary 
elections : 1869, 2417 ; 1874, 3400 ; 1884, 5295 ; 1895, 
Western Division, comprising Manningham, 11,727. 



LIST OF MANNINGHAM CONSTABLES 
From 1607 to JjSg. 

The following list has been compiled from an old 
town's book in the possession of Mr. Thomas Crowther, 
Clerk of the Bradford Union : 

Year. Year. 

John Denton 1607 John Northrop 1617 

John Crabtree 1608 Isaac Hawmond 1618 

Wm. Northrop 1609 Wm. Pearson 1619 

Ed\vd. Rushworth 1610 John Northrop 1620 

Nicholas Wilkinson ... 1611 Isaac Balmforth 1621 

John Lister 1612 Jas. Phillips 1622 

Thos. Bower 1613 George Northrop 1624 

Thos. Walker 1615 Nicholas Crabtree 1625 

John Crabtree 1616 John Denton 1626 



History of Manningham. 



Year. 

Thos. Wilkinson 1627 

Robt. Rishworth 1628 

Abram Royds 1629 

John Balme 1630 

John Wilkinson 1631 

Isaac Bolton 1632 

John Rollings 1633 

Win. Wilkinson 1634 

John Northrop, jun. ... 1635 

Wm. Northrop 1636 

Samuel Crabtree 1637 

John Crabtree 1638 

John Wright 1639 

John Walsh 1640 

Isaac Hammond 1641 

Wm. Pearson 1642 

John Laycock 1643 

John Wilkinson 1644 

Thos. Wilkinson 1645 

John Balmforth 1646 

John Eastburn 1647 

Richd. Allerton 1648 

Wm. Wilkinson 1649 

Will Jowett 1650 

John Hammond 1651 

John Jowett 1652 

Henry Bradshaw 1653 

John Denton 1654 

John Drake 1655 

John Lister 1656 

Nathaniel Hanson 1657 

George Northrop 1658 

John Wilkinson 1659 

Isaac Boulton 1660 

John Crabtree 1661 

Thos. Wilkinson 1662 

Henry Bradshaw 1663 

Will Wilkinson 1664 

Abm. Kitching 1665 

Wm. Kendall 1666 

Chris. Smyth 1667 

Jonas Northrop 1668 

Samuel Crabtree 1669 

John Jowett, of ye Trees... 1670 

Thomas Barker 1671 

John Jowett 1672 



81 

Year. 

John Gregson 1673 

John Crabtree ... ... 1674 

James Hopkinson 1675 

George Mortimer 1676 

Robt. Wilkinson 1677 

James Penny 1678 

Isaac Hammond 1679 

David Bawme 1679 

Jeremy Drake, of Trees ... 1680 

Wm. Northrop, blacksmith 1681 

Gregory Cockroft 1682 

Chris r - Home 1683 

Jeremy Newby 1684 

John Illingworth 1685 

John Lambert ... ... 1686 

John Wilkinson 1687 

Isaac Hodgson 1688 

Chris. Smith 1689 

Jno. Bullough 1690 

Joshua Kitching ... ... 1691 

Will. Wilkinson 1692 

Jno. Coussins 1693 

Thos. Morley ... ... 1694 

Tempest Cordingley ... 1695 

Jonas Northrop 1696 

Henry Pollard 1697 

James Penny 1698 

Jonas Wade 1699 

Jer e - Sowden 1700 

Thos. Barker 1701 

John Jowett, skinner ... 1702 

Thos. Crnbtree 1703 

James Sharp 1704 

Robt. Stead 1705 

Isaac Greenhough 1708 

lohn Jowett, skinner ... 1710 

John Crabtree 1711 

Wm. Hodgson 1712 

Wm. Marshall 1713 

Chris. Horrocks 1714 

Jos. Hodgson 1715 

John Bullough 1716 

James Hodgson 1717 

John Hill I7'8 

Richard Ambler 1719 

Joshua Wainwright ... 1720 



82 



History of Manningham. 



James Collinson 
Thos. Hodgson 
Nicholas Pollard 
Joseph Hodgson 
Jeremy Sowden 
Jonas Mitchell 
John Hardy... 
David Jowett 
William Boiling 
James Topham 
Isaac Jowett 
Wm. Tetley... 
Jos. Hodgson 
Alex. Prince... 
John Kitchen 
William Cowgill 
Wm. Frankland 
Isaac Stead ... 
Samuel Lister 
Wm. Frankleton 
Wm. Kitching 
Nathan Hodgson 
Isaac Myers 



Year. 

1721 

1722 

1723 

1724 

1725 

1726 

1727 

174 

1741 

1743 

1744 

1745 

1746 

1747 

1748 

1749 

175 

1751 

1752 

1753 

175410 1760 

1761 

1762 



Robt. Hesketh 
John Greenwood . 
Richard Hodgson . 
Isaac Myers 
Jeremy Harrison . 
Wm. Dewhirst 
John Kitching 
Wm. Mann ... 
John Wood ... 
Wm. Wheater 
John Raistrick 
Wm. Atkinson 
Wm. Sugden . 

Samuel Kitching . 
Isaac Stead ... 
James Topham 
Saml. Kitching 
Wm. Duckworth . 
Jno. Tetley ... 
Thos. Barraclough. 
Wm. Frankland 
Isaac Smith... 



1778 to 



Year. 
1763 
1764 
1766 
1767 
1768 
1769 
1770 
1771 
1772 
1773 
1774 
1775 
1776 
1777 
1778 
1783 
1784 
1785 
1786 
1787 
1788 
1789 




History of Manningham. 88 



CHAPTER IV. 
CHURCHES, CHAPELS, AND SCHOOLS. 

Back Lane School St. Jude's Church St. Paul's Church f illustrated) The 
Ten -Church Movement White Abbey Chapel (illustrated} Manningham 
Wesleyan Chapel St. John's Chapel {illustrated) Girlington Wesleyan 
Chapel Farfield Jubilee Hall Lady Royd School Girlington Baptist Chapel 
Salem Congregational Chapel ( illustrated) Greenfield Chapel Primitive 
Methodism Roman Catholicism Manningham Board Schools. 

BACK LANE SCHOOL. 

Would it be believed that sixty or seventy years 
ago there was neither church, chapel, nor school-room 
in Manningham, and, excepting a preaching-room rented 
by the Methodists, no provision for spiritual enlighten- 
ment nearer than Heaton or Bradford. In 1832 
was commenced the erection of a building intended to 
supply the need, namely, the Back Lane School, a one- 
storeyed building, which, at the period of its erection 
stood in the narrowest part of the lane, and, when 
completed, bore an inscription indicating its origin and 
purpose as follows : 

Manningham School. 
This building was erected by public subscription, 

ANNO DOMINI, 1832. 
To be a week-day and Sunday school, and also an occasional 

preaching room. 
" That the soul be without knowledge is not good." 

The origin of the building is ascribed to the late 
John Wood, familiarly known as " Spectacle Wood," who, 
prior to his death a few years ago, was engaged in 
newspaper reporting. Mr. Wood was a native of Allerton 
and until of mature age was a hand-loom weaver. By his 
own endeavours, however, he acquired knowledge sufficient 
C 



84 History of Manningham. 

to set up as schoolmaster, and after a brief sojourn at 
Allerton in that capacity he removed to Manningham, and 
kept school in the Methodist preaching-room there. At 
his instigation the question of a public school-room was 
agitated, and he took the chief part in collecting subscrip- 
tions towards the object. The principal subscriber was 
Mr. E. C. Lister, of Manningham Hall, who expressed 
great sympathy with the movement, and put down his 
name for a handsome subscription. The other principal 
contributors were Mr. Matthew Thompson, of Manningham 
Lodge, and Messrs. Thomas and Joseph Rollings, of 
Whetley. A piece of land in Back Lane was purchased 
of Mr. James Roberts, at two shillings a yard, and the 
works were commenced. The first body of trustees com- 
prised the following persons, viz. : Messrs. Ellis Cunliffe 
Lister, Manningham Hall ; Jos. Hollings, Whetley ; Jeremiah 
Dixon, Lawcroft ; Wm. Frankland, Back Lane, on behalf 
of the Church of England ; Edmund Jowett, Low Lane ; 
Edward Firth, East Squire Lane ; Thomas Ackroyd, Smith 
Lane ; and Thomas Tetley, representing the Baptists ; 
James Knapton, Spring Row ; Jos. Naylor, Skinner Lane ; 
Isaac Hustler, High Street ; and John Goodchild, Whetley 
Hill, on behalf of the Independents ; and Jos. Hammond, 
Four Lane Ends ; John Willey, Wood Street ; and Henry 
Catlow, East Squire Lane, representing the Primitive 
Methodists. 

The original trust-deed of the school sets forth, among 
other things, that the " trustees shall suffer the children 
and youth of Christians of all denominations to be taught 
and instructed on the Sabbath days in the said school in 
reading and other good learning, by such teachers as to 
the committee of management to be nominated shall seem 
meet, and which said Sunday-school shall be under the 
direction of the said committee and their successors." 

In addition to the services held by the denominations 
on alternate Sundays (the scholars being the same, but the 
teachers alternating), the school was occupied on week- 
days and nights by Mr. John Wood, who paid a rent of 
6 per annum for the use of the school and the occupa- 



History of Manningham. 85 

tion of the dwelling adjoining. It was also frequently 
engaged by William Wilson, the Quaker philanthropist, 
who assembled audiences for the inculcation of temperance 
principles, to which his life was in great measure devoted. 

Mr. Wood had possession of the premises from the 
opening at Easter, 1833, to the year 1838, when he was 
succeeded by Mr. W. Child Atkinson, of Heaton, when 
the rent was increased to ,8 per annum. Mr. Atkinson 
gave a much superior education to that of his predecessor, 
his scholars not only including many of good family in 
Manningham, but also hailing from places as distant as 
Horton, Shipley, and Windhill. His occupation extended 
to the year 1861, and in 1868 Mr. John Shaw entered as 
week-day tenant, the premises being occupied on Sundays 
for religious services. 

The feeling strongly prevailed, however, that the 
objects for which the building had been erected were 
being met in other ways, and in 1869 a public meeting 
was held in the school, at which a resolution was passed 
declaring that " in the opinion of this meeting it is 
desirable to apply this building to some more general 
educational purposes than those for which it is at present 
used." The result of the meeting was to increase the 
trustees to the recognised number, viz., fifteen, for whom 
Mr. Martin Field undertook to act as secretary. A com- 
mittee of Manningham gentlemen was also appointed to 
confer with the new body of trustees as to the desirability 
of carrying out the resolution for making the building 
more useful to the neighbourhood. In this movement the 
late Mr. Charles Semon, a member of the committee, took 
great interest. 

During the year 1883 the building was handed over 
to the Bradford Corporation to be used as a public free 
library and reading-room, and was opened on October 
24th of that year. The property was acquired by the 
Corporation by paying off the mortgage of 270 to Mr. 
John Rollings. There were many objectors at the time 
to the action of the trustees, but the great success of the 
undertaking has abundantly testified to the wisdom of the 



36 History of Manningham. 

course pursued by them. In proof of this it may be added, 
that during the twelve months ending with August, 1895, 
not fewer than 112,318 issues of books were made from 
the library, being the largest issue next to the Central 
Library at Bradford. This in addition to 251,027 visits to 
the reading-room and library, which also much exceeds 
any other branch library in the borough. 

CHURCH OF ENGLAND. 

Of Episcopal edifices in Manningham, St. Jude's 
Church heads the list in point of seniority. St Jude's is 
situate at the southern extremity of the township, 
immediately adjoining to Bradford, and during the year 
1893 the jubilee of its inauguration was celebrated. From 
an interesting little brochure published on that occasion 
we are able to append a few particulars of its origin and 
subsequent history. 

The initial step towards the erection of St. Jude's was 
taken at a meeting of leading Churchmen, held in the 
Exchange Rooms, Bradford, in March, 1838. There were 
then only five Episcopal edifices in Bradford, namely : 
The Parish Church; Christ Church; St. James', Manchester 
Road ; St. John's, Manchester Road ; and St. John's, 
Bowling. St. Jude's Church was not completed until 
June, 1843, the first incumbent being the Rev. James 
Cooper, M.A. Mr. Cooper was a gentleman of musical 
culture, and organised a choir which became of some 
repute as an exponent of Church music. The adjoining 
schools were erected in 1846, and St. Jude's Vicarage 
at a subsequent period. Mr. Cooper was succeeded by 
the Rev. John Eddowes, M.A., with whom he exchanged 
livings. He was instituted in May, 1857, an d continued 
until February, 1886, when from ill-health he accepted 
the living of Eastgate, in Durham, and the Rev. Edward 
Brice, Vicar of St. John's, Bowling, succeeded to St. 
Jude's. During the incumbency of Mr. Eddowes the 
Church of St. Mary Magdalene, White Abbey, was erected, 
chiefly by the contributions of the congregation of St. 



History of Manningham. 37 

Jude's, and it was consecrated in January, 1878. In one 
respect the living of St. Jude's has passed through a 
singular experience. Upon the death of Mr. Brice in 
1893, the vacant living was again offered to the Rev. 
John Eddowes, who accepted it, and was admitted to the 
benefice for the second time in December, 1893. 

St. Paul's Church, Manningham, was erected through 
the generosity and at the sole cost of the late Mr. John 
Rollings, who also provided for its endowment. The 
district of St. Paul's was constituted in 1846, and the 
Church was erected in 1847. St. Paul's is one of the 
finest churches in the parish of Bradford. The style is 
Early English, the church having a tower and spire of 
elegant proportions. The interior contains several memorial 
windows of beautiful design in stained glass, one of which 
is a handsome window placed there by the congregation 
to the memory of Canon Mitton, the first Vicar. The 
architects of the church were Messrs. Mallinson & Healey, 
of Bradford. The consecration of St. Paul's took place 
on October 2nd, 1848, Bishop Langley, then Bishop of 
Ripon, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury, officiating. 
Dr. Burnet, Vicar of Bradford, and the Ven. Archdeacon 
Musgrave took part in the consecration services. Subse- 
quent additions were made to the sacred edifice, also at 
the expense of Mr. John Rollings. 

The Rev. Welbury Mitton, M.A., was the first in- 
cumbent appointed by Mr. Rollings, and subsequently 
Mr. Rollings married his eldest daughter. Few clergy- 
men have been held in greater esteem in Bradford than 
Canon Mitton. Besides having a naturally kind disposi- 
tion, he was an active clergyman, and a friend to whom 
the needy members of the community never looked in 
vain. He was appointed an honorary Canon of Ripon 
in 1871. During his vicariate of St. Paul's the fabric 
was twice enlarged, and again by the generosity of Mr. 
John Rollings. Recognising the necessity of still further 
church accommodation in Manningham, Canon Mitton 
gave much assistance in the creation of the two new 
parishes of St. Mark's and St. Luke's, and the erection of 



88 History of Manningham. 

churches in those parishes received material assistance 
from Mr. John Rollings, Mr. F. W. Anderton, and Mr. 
John Ambler. Canon Mitton also promoted the erection 
of St. Barnabas's, Heaton, of which his eldest son, the 
Rev. H. A. Mitton, now Master of Sherburn Hospital, 
Durham, became the first incumbent. Canon Mitton 
resigned the living in 1880, having been a clergyman 
for over half-a-century, and he died in September, 1884, 
in the seventy-ninth year of his age. His successor 
was the Rev. Thomas Kirkham, B.A., who held the living 
until October, 1895, when, with the consent of Mr. 
Herbert J. Hollings, the patron of St. Paul's, he exchanged 
livings with the Rev. A. A. Williams, Vicar of Colton, 
Lancashire. 

The National Schools connected with St. Paul's were 
opened in January, 1862, having been erected at a cost 
of .2000, exclusive of the site. 

Previous to the erection of St. Paul's Church, services 
were held in the school in Heaton Road, called Lilycroft 
School. Mr. Henry Hcppinstall, afterwards vicar of 
Denshaw, Saddleworth, was the week-day teacher. He 
was of very humble birth, and had his education to get as 
best he could, first by placing a " Lennie's Grammar " 
before him while working as a mechanic at Hattersley's 
machine shop, Thornton Road, and increasing his stock of 
knowledge under the late Mr. William Clough, at an 
evening school held by him at Stott Hill. In course of 
time Mr. Heppinstall opened a small school at Whetley 
Hill, and he was afterwards appointed teacher at Lilycroft 
School, where he remained for ten years. He subsequently 
served as schoolmaster in the slums of Manchester, under 
Canon Bardsley, and during this period qualified himself 
for holy orders. In 1876 he was appointed vicar of 
Denshaw. While teacher of Lilycroft School, Mr. Heppin- 
stall had several scholars who subsequently rose to good 
positions in Bradford, one of them having been Mayor of 
the borough. 

St. Philip's Church, Girlington, was the next Episcopal 
erection in the township of Manningham, having been 




ST. PAUL'S CHURCH. 



40 History of Manningham. 

erected in 1859-60. The living is in the patronage of 
Simeon's Trustees, and is held by the Rev. George Pedley. 
This church emanated from a movement inaugurated 
during the vicariate of the Rev. Dr. Burnet, Vicar of 
Bradford, for the erection of ten new churches in 
Bradford. The movement commenced in 1858, and led to 
the formation of a Church Building Committee for the 
erection of ten churches in five years. Of this committee 
the following gentlemen were members, with others, viz. : 
Messrs. E. B. Wheatley-Balme, George Firth, S. C. Lister 
(Lord Mashatn), John Rollings, William Rouse, William 
Rand, Charles Hardy, Gathorne Hardy (Lord Cranbrook), 
Sir Francis Sharp Powell, George Hodgson, John Rand, 
George Turner, and Benjamin Wood. The movement 
received the heartiest co-operation of the diocesan, Bishop 
Bickerstcth. The scheme provided that the committee 
were themselves to contribute liberally, which they did, 
and to excite a similar feeling in others. They also 
undertook the selection of suitable sites for the new 
buildings, and these were generally chosen on the outskirts 
of the borough, having in view its inevitable extension 
from a constantly increasing population. As a result of the 
movement was the erection of St. Philip's, Girlington ; St. 
Michael's, City Road ; St. Thomas's, Wigan Street ; St. 
Luke's, Broomfields ; All Saints', Horton Green (erected at 
the sole cost of Sir F. S. Powell) ; Holy Trinity, Leeds 
Road ; St. Mary's, Laisterdyke ; St. Stephen's, Bowling ; St. 
Barnabas's, Heaton ; and Windhill Church. Other churches 
were afterwards erected, viz. : St. Augustine's, Otley 
Road ; St. John's, Great Horton ; St. Luke's and St. 
Mark's, Manningham ; St. Chrysostom's and St. James's, 
Bolton (the latter at the sole cost of the late Mr. J. A. 
Jowett). St. Philip's Church, Girlington, was the first 
church commenced, and was undertaken by the late John 
Rollings, Esq. The first incumbent was the Rev. T. K. 
Allen, M.A., now of Clifton, Bristol. It was consecrated 
during the year 1860. St. Philip's Schools and Vicarage 
have since been erected, and a mission church has been 
opened at Brownroyd. 



History of Manningham. 41 

St. Mark's Church, Manningham, was erected in 1874, 
at a cost of about 11,000, towards which the late Mr. F. 
W. Anderton, of Bolton Royd, Mr. Edwin Anderton, and 
other members of the family were munificent contributors, 
as was also Mr. John Rollings. The patronage of St. 
Mark's/ is vested in trustees, the present trustees being the 
Patron and Vicar of St. Paul's ; Mr. John R. Jeffery and 
Mr. Herbert F. Anderton. The present Vicar of St. 
Mark's is the Rev. R. Ross, M.A. 

St. Luke's, Victor Road, Manningham, was erected 
in 1 880- 1, Mr. John Rollings having contributed over 
2000 towards the cost of erection. Mr. John Ambler, 
Heaton Mount, and his family, were also large contri- 
butors. Capacious schools and a vicarage have since been 
added. The Rev. J. T. Maguinness was the first Vicar, 
and still holds that position. 

METHODISM IN MANNINGHAM. 

Wesleyanism in Manningham dates from the time of 
Wesley himself, and although of small beginnings and at 
first slow in progress, the later developments have been 
equally rapid and progressive. Few circuits in Methodism 
are so influential, either from a numerical or financial point 
of view, as that of Manningham. 

A society existed at Manningham about the year 
1750, the stimulus apparently coming from Daisy Hill, 
where Isaac Duckworth and his wife and John and Mary 
Clayton lived and received the truth from the Rev. Wm. 
Grimshaw, of Haworth. The latter were the parents of the 
Rev. Isaac Clayton, who for thirty years was an itinerant 
preacher, and died at Bradford in 1833. He was a man 
of considerable originality of thought, and a good mathe- 
matician and astronomer. From the year 1818 there was 
a Sunday school in Manningham, but excepting White 
Abbey Chapel, the only place in Manningham prior to 
1858 in which public worship was celebrated was a small 
upper room, inconvenient in its approach, and not large 
enough to accommodate one-half of the church members. 



42 History of Manningham. 

In 1866 Manningham, with White Abbey, was separated 
from the old Bradford West Circuit, of which Kirkgate is 
the central chapel, and constituted a separate circuit, 
having branches at Girlington and Heaton. 

The oldest chapel belonging to the denomination was 
erected at White Abbey in 1838, and its erection followed 
upon the formation of a Sunday-school and preaching- 
room commenced in Regent Street some years before. 
The ground for the erection of the chapel was purchased 
from the Rev. Godfrey Wright. The "Abbey" Chapel 
when first erected was one-third less in size than at present. 
The chapel was opened on Friday, August 3ist, and 
Sunday, September 2nd, 1838, when the united collections 
amounted to upwards of .500. In 1858 the chapel was 
enlarged to its present size, and an organ erected. The 
schools adjoining were erected in the year 1878. 

In September, 1888, the Jubilee celebration took 
place. On Sunday, September gth, 1888, Jubilee sermons 
were preached at White Abbey by Dr. Young, and on 
the Sunday following by the Rev. Marmaduke C. Osborn. 
On Saturday, I5th September, a tea meeting was held in 
the adjoining school buildings, presided over by James 
Burnley, Esq., J.P., of Manningham, whose life-long attach- 
ment to White Abbey Chapel fully entitled him to that 
position. Mr. John Holmes gave an interesting sketch of 
Methodism in Bradford since the year 1744, when the first 
Methodist prayer meeting in Bradford was held at the 
door of the old dungeon in Ivcgate, where John Nelson was 
incarcerated for the crime of preaching the Gospel without 
having obtained a licence from the Vicar of Birstall. 

In the year 1857 Mr. James Ambler, of Manning- 
ham, purchased and presented to the society a plot of 
land containing 1600 square yards, adjoining Carlisle 
Road and Ambler Street, in Manningham, and upon 
which a chapel to seat 750 persons and a school-room to 
accommodate 300 scholars, were erected. The foundation- 
stone was laid by Mr. Ambler on loth September, 1858, 
and the chapel opened for service in 1859 by Dr. 
The total cost of the buildings was about 3000. 




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44 History of Manningham. 

In November, 1863, the foundation-stone of new 
school buildings adjoining the chapel was laid by Mr. 
(now Sir) Isaac Holden, Bart. The land had been pre- 
sented some years before by Mr. James Rhodes, timber 
merchant, the existing school-room being added to the 
chapel. The new school premises involved an outlay of 
about ,1800, and the alterations in the chapel cost a 
further sum of .1700, making a total expenditure of 
,3500. In 1874 new school premises were added to the 
chapel to accommodate 500 children, and enabling the 
accommodation of the chapel to be increased to 1000, and 
in 1884 the schools were further enlarged by adding a 
new wing at a cost of 2047. 

The origin of St. John's Wesleyan Chapel goes back 
to the opening of Lilycroft School in Heaton Road. That 
building was a wooden structure which had been used 
elsewhere for another purpose, and was presented to the 
circuit by Mr. Angus Holden, M.P. A Sunday school 
was opened in October, 1873, with thirty scholars, and 
Mr. William Thackray became the superintendent, a 
position he continued to hold for a period of eleven years. 
Preaching services were also commenced soon after the 
opening, resulting in the formation of a class of fourteen 
members to begin with. When St. John's Chapel was 
opened there were about 120 members to hand over 
from Lilycroft. The "farewell tea meeting" at the old 
Lilycroft School-room took place on Shrove Tuesday, 
1886. 

The erection of St. John's Chapel has a direct 
association with the Wesleyan Conference held in Bradford 
in 1878, as the memorial-stone of the building was laid by 
Sir Henry Mitchell during the sitting of the Conference 
on August 3rd in that year. The building is designed to 
accommodate 1000 persons, and the subjoined sketch will 
give some idea of its exterior. It was opened for 
worship on June n, 1879, having cost, including land 
adjoining for school buildings, ,14,634. Towards this 
amount Sir Henry Mitchell contributed the munificent 
sum of ^3000. The foundation-stone of St. John's Sunday 




ST. JOHN'S WESLEYAN CHAPEL. 



46 History of Manningham. 

School was laid on July 25th, 1885, by Mr. Gordon 
Mitchell, of Cape Town, and the school was opened in 
May, 1886. The new schools cost about ^4700. St. 
John's is the only Wesleyan chapel in the Bradford district 
in which a regular liturgical service has been introduced, 
with a surpliced choir of men and boys. 

The large and handsome Wesleyan Chapel at Girlington 
was opened on June 3rd, 1870, having cost ^5000. The 
subscriptions to the building fund were headed by Mr. 
James Rhodes, timber merchant, who contributed the hand- 
some sum of 1000. The chapel is situated in the midst 
of a working-class population, and is in a prosperous 
condition. Originally, the school premises comprised a 
two-storey building with four class-rooms, but by the 
generosity and influence of Mr. Angus Holden, M.P., 
school premises combining all the known improvements 
for Sunday - school purposes have been erected. The 
foundation-stone of the building was laid by Mr. Angus 
Holden (then Mayor) on September 3rd, 1881, and, largely 
through his munificence, it was declared free from all debt 
the same year. The school was opened on Sunday, May 
I4th, 1882. 

Farfield Jubilee Hall was erected in 1887 in the midst 
of a large working-class population, mostly employed in 
the adjoining extensive mills of Messrs. Lister & Co., 
Manningham, and had its origin in a mission carried on 
in Silk Street. All the seats are free, and the services 
are mainly carried on by laymen. The foundation-stone 
of the building was laid by Mr. S. P. Myers, J.P., who 
was the chief promoter of it, and who contributed the 
principal part of the cost of ;i8oo. Mr. Myers, and 
his son, Mr. William Myers, take a leading part in 
conducting the services held there. There is also a 
very successful Sunday school, with over 400 scholars, 
connected with the hall. 

The first Sunday school in Manningham was com- 
menced by the Wesleyans in an upper storey of a building 
near the bottom of Paul Street. 



History of Manningkam. 47 



THE BAPTISTS. 

The history of the Baptist denomination in Manning- 
ham is not very clear in its earlier phases, but it appears 
to date from, and to have received its stimulus from, the 
Baptists of Heaton, the congregation assembling there 
being the oldest in this immediate locality. 

In Bradford the old "Top o' t'Town Chapel" in 
Westgate, dating from the year 1753, owed its origin to 
the cottage meetings held in the house of a Manningham 
woman, Mrs. Elizabeth Frankland, and this led to the 
formation of a Baptist community at Westgate under the 
Rev. Wm. Crabtree, who had been converted under the 
teaching of Whitfield, accentuated by the persuasive 
eloquence of Whitfield's friend, the Rev. Wm. Grimshaw, 
of Haworth. The outcome of this was an arrangement 
for holding united meetings once a quarter in Mrs. 
Frankland's house at Manningham, but the central gather- 
ing was at Bradford, where a church was formed. Prior 
to this, however, a small Baptist community was formed 
at Heaton, which is, therefore, the senior of any others in 
the district, although dwarfed in importance by the over- 
growing influence of Bradford and Manningham. 

During the first half of the present century the 
neighbourhood of Girlington, now so thickly populated, 
consisted of green fields, in which were scattered a few 
homesteads. At that time there were good people residing 
at Daisy Hill, Street Gap, Crossley Hall, &c., who 
attended service at Westgate Chapel, and for the spiritual 
benefit of their children it was determined to erect a 
Sunday school at Lady Royd. The inscription over the 
door states that the school was opened on April 2Oth, 
1827, and from the deeds it appears that the site was 
purchased from Mr. Francis Ackroyd. Amongst the first 
trustees were, Samuel Turner, Miles Illingworth, John Joly, 
Samuel Armitage, and John Hill. The school was carried 
on by relays from Westgate Chapel, the first superin- 
tendents appointed being Samuel Turner, William Dunwell, 



48 History of Manningham. 

and Joseph Wilson, and afterwards Joseph Thompson. 
The building was also used as a day school, and was 
several times enlarged. Occasional preachings also took 
place in the early years, and regularly from January, 1870. 
In 1874 these services were transferred to Kensington Hall, 
Girlington, still being conducted under the management of 
the Church at Westgate. 

The Baptist Chapel at Girlington is, therefore, the 
outcome of the efforts put forth at Lady Royd and 
Kensington Hall, and was opened on Good Friday, April 
1 7th, 1878, it having been erected at a cost of .8000, 
chiefly through the offerings of the congregation at 
Westgate Chapel. At the same period the Westgate 
Church decided upon the erection of another Baptist 
Church at New Leeds, also costing .8000, and towards 
the large outlay thus contemplated, the following muni- 
ficent subscriptions were received, viz. : Mr. Alfred 
Illingworth, M.P., 1000 ; Mr. Henry Illingworth, .1000 ; 
Mr. William Whitehead, .1000; John Smith & Sons, 
;iooo; Mr. David Mellor, .500. New school buildings 
of an elaborate character were added in 1882, from the 
proceeds of a legacy left by the late Miles Illingworth, 
Esq., which were opened by his nephew, Mr. Alfred 
Illingworth. 

CONGREGATIONALISM IN MANNINGHAM. 

Among the Congregational places of worship in 
Manningham, precedence should be given to Greenfield 
Chapel, that being the first to be erected in the township. 
A somewhat singular coincidence, however, intervenes : 
Greenfield Chapel being but the offspring of an older 
Congregational organisation now located in Manningham, 
which has long since celebrated its jubilee, whilst Green- 
field only dates back to the year 1852. 

Salem Chapel, in Oak Lane, is the outcome of the 
outspreading influences of the town and business-life of 
Bradford. Originally built in Manor Row, and upon a 
site which at first was stoutly opposed as being " too far 



History of Manningham. 49 

out of the town of Bradford," old Salem Chapel has been 
literally hustled out of existence as a place of worship, 
and a new erection has taken its place in Oak Lane, 
Manningham. It would therefore be ill-advised to dis- 
sociate the two interests, as they are practically one in 
continuity, and with these digressive remarks we proceed 
to the following brief sketch. To this end we are much 
indebted to the Rev. S. G. Matthews, B.A., pastor of 
Salem Chapel, for the loan of a manuscript volume, giving 
particulars of the inception and preliminary steps leading 
to the erection of old Salem Chapel in Manor Row. 

As may be generally known, the proposal emanated 
from the vigorous mother church at Horton Lane, which is 
either directly or indirectly the parent of all the Congre- 
gational chapels in Bradford and district, having been 
formed in 1781. The real origin of Salem Chapel dates 
from December, 1832. On the 7th of that month a meet- 
ing was convened and held in the school-room of Horton 
Lane Chapel, " to consider ^the propriety of erecting 
another place of worship in Bradford " on Congregational 
principles. At that meeting Mr. Francis Ackroyd was in 
the chair, when such an erection was unanimously agreed 
upon, and several gentlemen were deputed to look out for a 
suitable site. The site determined upon was that occupied 
by the present School Board offices in Manor Row, being 
a portion of the Bowcock Charity Estate, and the price 
given for it was 6s. a yard. A strong protest was, however, 
made by several Horton Lane people that the situation 
selected was " too far out of the town." As a matter of 
fact, this fear was not without some show of reason. At 
that time this site was almost out of the town. Beyond 
it, on the Manningham side, very few houses were to be 
found. Spring Gardens existed, but a large market garden, 
now covered by houses, occupied the space in front. 
Victoria Street and Hanover Square were not yet built. 
A small terrace stood opposite to Spring Lodge ; but 
beyond this there were only two or three buildings up to 
Lister Park. Manningham Lane, then very narrow, was 
shut in by stone walls and hedges ; and a pathway, 
D 



50 History of Manningham. 

hollowed in the middle by constant tread, occupied one 
side of the road. 

Serious obstacles arose in reference to the transfer of 
the site, and several years elapsed before the opening 
of the chapel on January 29th, 1836. The manuscript 
book already referred to contains the names of the 
original trustees, each with their individual signatures, 
namely : George Haigh, Edward Ripley, George Aspinall, 
John Dale, Wm. McKay, Daniel Salt, John Butterfield, 
Joshua Wood, Robt. Pearson, R. S. Ackroyd, William 
Hardcastle, Thos. Hammond, Richard Garnett, Thos. Buck, 
Wm. Milnes, Henry Brown, Robt. Milligan, Wm. Glover, 
Wm. Smith, Titus Salt, Henry Forbes, Joshua Lupton, 
John McCroben, and Joseph Hardcastle. It should perhaps 
be added that the majority of these gentlemen were 
members of the Horton Lane congregation, and were 
among the most prominent men of Bradford at that 
period. The first pastor was the Rev. J. G. Miall, of St. 
Neots, who occupied the pulpit until 1875 a period of 
forty years, when he resigned from increasing infirmity, 
and provision was made for him in his retirement. During 
the interval Greenfield Chapel was erected, also Cambridge 
Place School, Spinkwell. The Rev. J. G. Miall still 
(November, 1895) survives, and is in his ninety-first year. 

The vastly-growing population of Bradford, which led 
to the erection of Greenfield Chapel, in course of time 
rendered it expedient that even the mother Church in 
Manor Row should vacate its premises in favour of a 
more suburban site, the result being the erection of Salem 
Chapel, at the junction of Oak Lane with St. Mary's 
Road, the foundation-stone of which was laid in October, 
1887, by the former pastor of the church, the Rev. J. G. 
Miall. The new chapel was completed and opened in 
November, 1888, and the adjoining schools in May, 1890. 
They have frontages to Oak Lane, St. Mary's Road, and 
Skinner Lane, and together form a most imposing and 
picturesque grouping. The form of the chapel is that of 
a Greek cross, with nave and transepts. The school 
buildings are upon the class-room principle, and adjoin 




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62 History of Manningham. 

the chapel. The style adopted is Geometrical Gothic 
of an early type. A spire rising to a great height is 
intended for the chapel. The architect is Mr. James 
Ledingham, A.R.I.B.A., of Bradford. The present minister 
of Salem Chapel is the Rev. S. G. Matthews, B.A. 

The members who formed the church which com- 
menced to worship in Greenfield Chapel were at one time 
connected with Horton Lane Chapel, then under the 
ministry of the Rev. Thomas Taylor, succeeded by the 
Rev. Jonathan Clyde. In 1836 many of them were 
transferred to Salem Church in Manor Row. In 1850 
and 1851 decisive steps were taken to erect the first 
Greenfield Chapel, and by the assistance of friends it was 
opened at the commencement of 1852, the cost, including 
site, being 1756 73. 5d. On the 23rd February, 1853, 
the church was formed by the transfer from Salem Church 
of fifty-nine members, under the pastoral care of the Rev. 
Frederick Stephens. The school premises adjoining the 
Chapel were erected in 1863, the opening services taking 
place on the 25th August in that year. 

In consequence of the rapidly increasing requirements 
of the neighbourhood for means of public worship, and 
the insufficient and unsuitable accommodation then in 
existence, and as the enlargement of the building would 
not provide the needed accommodation, it was, on the 
loth January, 1866, decided to rebuild Greenfield Chapel 
on a larger and more improved scale, on condition that 
^3000 was promised before the contract was signed. 
Some considerable delay ensued, but the foundation-stone 
of the present building was laid on the 23rd October, 
1875, and the chapel was completed and opened on the 
3rd October, 1876. The total cost was between ,5000 
and 6000. In September, 1889, an addition was made 
to the school premises by purchasing a shop and house 
adjoining, which have been so altered as to provide seven 
class-rooms. The Rev. T. Rhondda Williams is the present 
minister of Greenfield Chapel. 

Girlington Congregational Chapel, a branch from 
Greenfield, and Brownroyd Chapel, Ingleby Road, are 



History of Manningham. 53 

modern erections, as is also Queen's Road Sunday School, 
the outcome of the Valley Road Mission established in 
connection with Salem Chapel. 



Primitive Methodism has had a long standing in 
Manningham. Daisy Hill Chapel was erected in 1835, 
and the present school-chapel in 1877. Heaton Road 
Chapel was erected in 1879. 

ROMAN CATHOLICISM. 

The Roman Catholic community of Bradford have 
extended their operations in the direction of Manningham 
and Heaton. Since 1877 tnere was a small school-chapel 
at Manningham a miserably-inadequate building, dedi- 
cated to St. Cuthbert, which was served from St. Patrick's, 
Westgate, until June, 1882, when it was constituted a 
separate mission, with a resident priest. The congregation 
increasing, an admirable site for a church and presbytery 
was secured on the western side of Wilmer Road, over- 
looking Heaton Reservoir, and upon it was erected the 
present church of St. Cuthbert's. The cost, exclusive of 
internal decorative work, was about 3500. 



In concluding this portion of the present chapter we 
are indebted to the newly-issued weekly publication called 
Bradford, for a few reminiscences of St. Paul's Church and 
schools, which may be appropriately introduced. They are 
as follow : 

Probably the fullest store of information in existence with regard 
to the Church is in the recollections of one or two persons well past 
middle age like Mr. John Goodchild, of Carlisle Road, who was for 
a long series of years, under Canon Mitton and Mr. Kirkham, the 
verger of the church. He is full of reminiscences reaching back to 
times before the church existed, when Mr. Watson was Postmaster 
of Bradford, and when the Sunday school of the district was held, first 
in a room in the old Lister's Mill, and then in one over the premises 
which are now the Upper Globe Inn. He recalls, when Heaton Road 
schools were opened, gloomy prophecies that those schools would 



54 History of Manningham. 

"never be filled," and how, when on one occasion, in response to vague 
hopes of reward held out to any who would bring new scholars, he 
took in one morning fourteen, and received for his day's remuneration 
the strictly scriptural sum of one penny. After the Upper Globe 
tenancy, the school was held in the building which has since been 
divided into two houses, now occupied by Mr. Kay and Dr. Wood. 
And, lastly, came the schools in Church Street. 



ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN MANNINGHAM. 

The following is a list of Elementary Board Schools 
in the township of Manningham, giving details of the 
amount of accommodation in each, viz. : 



School. 
Belle Vue 


Department. 
... Boys .. 


Accommodation. 
4^6 




... Girls 


^44 




Daisy Hill 


Drummond Road... 
,, 
Lily croft 


... Junior 
... Infants 
... Mixed 
... Infants 
... Mixed 
... Infants 


300 

374 
206 
160 

1059 
410 

All 




Girls 


770 




Infants . * 


0^7 


Queen's Road 
Whetley Lane 


... Infants 
Boys 


150 

27'? 




... Girls 


224 








... Half-timers 
Junior 
... Infants 


232 
404 
518 



V 




Dr. SCORESBY. 



History of Manningham. 55 



CHAPTER V. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY. 
I. 

Field House, Daisy Hill Dr. Scoresby, Vicar of Bradford His Scientific Attain- 
mentsThe Smith Family Isaac Smith Ackroyd Farm Old Manningham 
Manningham Poor Land Moorfield Edward Priestman. 

Following up the information given in previous chapters, 
we proceed to take a topographical survey of the Manning- 
ham township, noting places of interest along the route. 

FIELD HOUSE AND DR. SCO RES BY. 

Field House, in Smith Lane, the residence of Mr. 
Isaac Smith, has an interesting history. At the beginning 
of the century there was a little homestead upon or near 
the site, also occupied by a person named Isaac Smith, 
who farmed the adjoining land, the owner being Benjamin 
Hird. Mrs. Susannah Ward, landlady of the Bowling 
Green Inn, Bradford, purchased Hird's farm, as well as two 
fields from Northrop's executors fronting to Duckworth 
Lane, these two fields being a portion of the original 
grant of land made to John Northrop, and called the 
" Hornblow lands," from the singular manner in which they 
were acquired. The name by which Field House was 
locally known was that of "Fools' Penny Hall," from 
the fact that the owner was a landlady. 

Mrs. Ward erected Field House in 1835-6 for her 
own residence. In the early part of that year Mr. James 
Richardby, a Bradford architect, furnished her with an 
estimate for the necessary works, the whole to be executed 
for ^1150, his own fee for making plans and estimates, 



56 History of Manningham. 

measuring off the work, and superintending the construc- 
tion, being ^50. Joseph Ward, the husband of Mrs. 
Ward, became landlord of the Bowling Green Inn in 
the year 1817, and died there in 1826. His widow, 
Susannah, carried on the hostelry until the completion of 
Field House, to which she removed, and died in December, 
1842. Her only son was the late John Ward, a gentleman 
well known in Bradford. The late John Lupton married 
a daughter of Mrs. Ward, and became landlord of the 
Bowling Green after it had been occupied for a time by 
Joseph Baxter. 

During a portion of the time that Dr. Scoresby 
was Vicar of Bradford he resided at Field House, which 
until his retirement in 1847 was a centre of "light 
and leading " in Manningham. Prior to taking up 
his abode there, he lived at the old Vicarage in 
Church Bank. The labours of Dr. Scoresby, philo- 
sophically and scientifically, and as a clergyman of the 
Church of England, have become matters of history. His 
father was a captain engaged in the northern whale 
fishery, and. the son for some years followed that occupa- 
tion. His researches in subjects connected with terrestrial 
magnetism and the deviations of the compass, with atmos- 
pheric refraction, with the currents of the Greenland Sea, 
and with the height of the Atlantic waves, formed a 
valuable contribution to the study of natural philosophy, 
and he possessed the rare faculty of explaining the pro- 
cesses and results of his investigations in language at 
once scientifically correct and popularly intelligible. His 
literary contributions on scientific subjects were very 
numerous. He had also much knowledge on astronomical 
subjects, and was on intimate terms with Lord Rosse, 
who set up the famous telescope upon his Irish estate. 
Lord Rosse, as Lord Oxmantown, married a daughter of 
Mr. Wilmer Field, of Heaton Hall, and when his lordship 
visited his Heaton estates, Dr. Scoresby preached an 
astronomical sermon at the Parish Church, in honour of 
the event. It may be added, that Dr. Scoresby was 
virtually the founder of the Bradford Church InstitutCi 






History of Manningham. 57 

and also of the system of Church schools in Bradford. 
A bibliographic list of his works and pamphlets, com- 
piled by Mr. C. A. Federer, of Bradford, comprises 113 
items. 

Unfortunately Dr. Scoresby's position as Vicar of 
Bradford was anything but a bed of roses. He was in 
continual conflict with some of his parishioners, either in 
regard to vicarial emoluments or Church-rates, and the 
disturbed times, embittered by commercial depression and 
Chartist agitation, brought him nothing but discomfort. 
On one occasion, Dr. Scoresby was brought into per- 
sonal conflict with a large number of excited people 
as he was driving in his carriage from Field House into 
Bradford. His carriage having arrived at White Abbey, 
was stormed at by several thousands of persons, who 
poured forth a volley of abuse upon his head. The Vicar, 
however, kept his temper, but ultimately got away without 
damage to his person, and invited his assailants to meet 
him on the Sunday afterwards at the Parish Church. The 
invitation was accepted, and the church was crowded by as 
motley an assemblage as probably either before or since 
has gathered within its walls. Dr. Scoresby resigned the 
vicarage of Bradford in 1847, and died in 1857 at Torquay, 
having the year previously made a voyage to Australia 
to test his theory of the distraction of the compass in 
iron vessels while at sea. Dr. Robert Patterson occupied 
Field House from 1850 to 1855, and was succeeded by 
Mr. James Drummond, who resided there from 1855 to 
1862, when he removed to Spring Lodge, Manningham 
Lane. 

Field House occupies a commanding position, and is 
in a neighbourhood which will probably continue open and 
strictly residential. The property was purchased in 1863 
by Mr. John Smith, father of Mr. Isaac Smith, the present 
owner. It stands upon the crest of a knoll commanding 
good views all around, and within a park-like enclosure 
of about twenty-four acres in extent. The residence has 
been practically rebuilt by Mr. Isaac Smith and his father, 
and bears little resemblance to the original structure. As 



58 History of Manningham. 

an evidence of the cultured taste of the present owner, it 
may be stated that it is the repository of one of the most 
valuable collections of paintings and art objects existing 
near Bradford. 

Mr. Isaac Smith is the second son of the late Mr. 
John Smith, who commenced the worsted business in Market 
Street, Bradford, in a small way, afterwards occupying a 
mill in Southgate and Marshall's Mill in Manchester Road. 
Field Head Mills were purchased from the late Mr. Robert 
Ackroyd about the year 1858, but have been very mate- 
rially enlarged, and now form one of the largest factories 
in Bradford or neighbourhood. Mr. Isaac Smith became 
a partner in the firm of John Smith & Sons in 1853, and 
has for some years been its principal. In addition to 
personally superintending the management of the large 
concern named, Mr. Smith is also a member and Chairman 
of the Company which took over the stupendous concern 
at Saltaire, and he is also the owner of the large mohair 
and alpaca spinning concern at Allerton, lately owned by 
Messrs. Robertshaw & Sons. Mr. Smith was an alderman 
of the borough from 1880 to 1887, having been previ- 
ously a councillor for Little Horton Ward. He was also 
Mayor of Bradford from 1883 to 1885. 

On the opposite side of Smith Lane there stood a 
farmhouse, with land, formerly the property of Mr. Richard 
Hodgson, of Whetley, occupied in 1811 by Joseph Craven, 
and afterwards by Thomas Ackroyd. It was one of very 
few isolated dwellings which occupied the slopes of Daisy 
Hill until the district was discovered by the merchant 
princes of Bradford to be a healthy and salubrious 
residential locality. Early in the century there was a 
cluster of houses of the humble class upon the crown of 
Daisy Hill, which still remain. 

At the western corner of the township there were a 
number of fields belonging to the poor of Manningham. 
By indenture dated 1776, and made between Benjamin 
Bartlett, of London, only son of Benjamin Bartlett, apothe- 
cary, formerly of Bradford, and Richard and William 
Hodgson, of Whetley, the latter became the purchasers 



History of Manningham. 59 

of two closes of arable land in Manningham, formerly in 
one close, containing twenty-three days' work, also of an 
adjoining close containing eleven days' work, together 
known as Old Manningham, and formerly in the occupation 
of Isaac Stead. 

MOORFIELD. 

Moorfield, the residence of Mr. Edward Priestman, 
occupies a commanding position, within extensive grounds, 
at the junction of Smith Lane and Toller Lane, both 
these roads having been much increased in width during 
the years 1883-4. Moorfield is built upon one of the 
closes known as Old Manningham, and formerly belonged 
to the Lister family. In 1811 the owner was Mr. Ellis 
Cunliffe Lister, and the occupier John Firth. In 1839 
Mr. E. C. Lister was still the owner, and Nathan Firth 
the occupier. 

Mr. Edward Priestman is a younger brother of Alder- 
man Frederick Priestman, and a principal in the firm of 
Messrs. John Priestman & Co., of Ashfield Mills. He 
has long taken a prominent position in the commercial, 
political, social, and religious affairs of Bradford, and, 
except for business considerations, would on more than 
one occasion have been put in nomination for one of the 
Parliamentary divisions of Bradford. He is an unflinching 
advocate of temperance, and a member of the Society of 
Friends. Further reference to the Priestman family will 
subsequently appear. 




60 History of Manningham. 



CHAPTER VI. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY. 
II. 



Pearson Lane Throstle Nest Yew Tree Farm Hedge Side Farm Crow Trees 
The Temple Farm Mrs. Ann Boiling Lawyer Gregson The Illingworth 
Family Daniel Illingworth Alfred Illingworth The late Henry Illingworth. 



PEARSON LANE. 

Continuing our survey from the western extremity of 
the township, but at a lower level, we note the extensive 
erection of residences of the better class that has taken 
place of late upon land lying between Daisy Hill and 
Allerton Road. Probably the construction of the tram line 
to Allerton has materially aided that development in 
this quarter. Of large villas, from .100 to 200 annual 
value, three have been erected, including Alston Lodge, 
built by Mr. Thomas Craig, J.P., for his residence. The 
latter stands in its own grounds near to Chellow Dean 
House, the residence of Mr. J. B. Popplewell, which also 
stands in a small park. Mr. James Hill has also erected 
a large villa residence on the side of the road leading 
to Chellow Dean Reservoir, and on the site of Throstle 
Nest. Upon the slope of the hill from Daisy Hill to 
Pearson Lane Mr. David Mellor has erected a large villa 
residence, for his own occupation, called Hazel Bank. 
Semi-detached villas also front to Shaftesbury Road and 
Hazelhurst Road, and also abut upon the junction of 
Pearson Lane with Reservoir Road. By the laying out of 
the roads mentioned and the erection of good property 
thereon, quite a pleasant suburb has been formed in this 
locality. 



History of Manningham. 61 



THROSTLE NEST. 

As already stated, the snug little farmstead formerly 
known as " Throstle Nest," at the foot of Pearson Lane, 
has succumbed to the march of improvement going on 
around. The old homestead itself has given place to a 
smart dwelling, with nice garden attached, erected by Mr. 
James Hill, J.P., of Allerton. 

The names of Abraham, Caleb, and Nanny Pearson 
are associated with this farm as owners and occupiers, and 
if any of them were privileged to revisit the place they 
would probably exclaim, " Who'd ha' thowt it?" Originally 
the little estate belonged to Richard Tctley, a clothier, 
who bequeathed his properties in Bradford, Manningham, 
and Heaton to his daughter Sarah, wife of William 
Pearson, of Street Gap, in Allerton, and to her children, 
of whom there were sons, Abraham and Robert. Abraham 
married Nanny, daughter of Benjamin Illingworth, of 
Manningham, and at his death left his estate in trust to 
the use of his daughter, Alice, a minor, who subsequently 
married a Mortimer, and whose daughter, Ann, became 
the wife of Mr. Joseph Cooper, of Ilkley. Pearson Lane 
takes its name from the family just referred to. 

YEW TREE FARM. 

Having adopted Throstle Nest as a starting-point, two 
courses are open to us. We may either proceed by 
Pearson Lane, having Sunny Brow and its villas to the 
left, or take the Allerton Road to Four Lane Ends. The 
latter route being adopted, we first come upon Yew Tree 
Farm, the lands of which extend down to Dean Beck, 
which brings down the surplus water from Chellow Dean 
Reservoir, and separates the townships of Allerton and 
Manningham. In an old survey one of the fields was 
called " Ashing Butts," the term " butts " being in old 
times applied to pieces of land adjoining a boundary, as 
this did, and having no connection with archery. We take 
it that both the ash and the yew flourished in the locality. 



62 History of Manningham. 

At the beginning of the century Benjamin Stead was both 
owner and occupier of Yew Tree Farm, and subsequently 
associated with it were the names of Abraham Barrett and 
Joseph Sugden, the latter once landlord of the Bull's Head 
Inn, at Bradford. The farm was purchased by Miss Jowett, 
of Clockhouse, and in due course came into the possession 
of the late Mr. J. A. Jowett as part of the estate involved 
in the famous " Clockhouse case," to which subsequent 
reference will be made. 

Hedge Side Farm, adjoining, was another of Miss 
Jowett's properties. Early in the century Joseph Rhodes 
was the farmer, and then Thomas Drake, as he had been 
an old servant of the family. A family of Craven have 
since farmed the land under Mr. Jowett. A noticeable 
feature of Allerton Road at this point is the widening and 
alteration which the road has undergone for the purpose 
of improving the approach to Allerton, and of laying a 
tramway to that place. The improvement has been effected 
by arrangement with the adjoining property owners, the 
principal of whom was the late Mr. J. A. Jowett. 

CROW TREES. 

Crow Trees Lane still retains its rural aspect. An 
old farmstead called Crow Trees formerly existed to the 
right of the lane on ascending, and hence the name. It 
was owned by Thomas Topham, or " Toppin," who worked 
the farm, which was afterwards purchased by Richard 
Lupton, and to which Joshua Lupton, his son, succeeded. 
The various tenants on this farm have been Thomas 
Ackroyd, John Jowett, and John Howarth. The latter 
employed handcombers in some combshops close by. Crow 
Trees Farm was subsequently purchased by Mr. George 
Greenwood Tetley ; the buildings were pulled down, and 
the site added to the grounds upon which the villa 
residence now occupied by Mr. John Fawell was erected. 

The building on the opposite side of Crow Trees Lane, 
now occupied as villa residences, was originally erected by 
Dr. Scoresby while vicar of Bradford, he at the time 



History of Manningham. 68 

residing at Field House, Daisy Hill. The worthy vicar, 
soon after being appointed to the living, in 1839, found 
the educational facilities of Bradford at a very low ebb. 
There was not a single child under elementary instruction 
in connection with the Parish Church. He thereupon 
organised a movement for increasing the day - school 
accommodation of the town of Bradford, and built four 
schools on his own responsibility, the school-house in Crow 
Trees Lane being one of them. The latter was an unfortu- 
nate project, and the school was never of any service for 
the purpose for which it was erected. In course of time 
the building was used as a mission school in connection 
with St. Philip's Church, Girlington, and was then sold to 
Mr. G. G. Tetley, who converted it into private dwellings. 

MRS. ANN BOLLING. 

At the junction of Crow Trees Lane with Duckworth 
Lane there formerly stood a small farmstead known as the 
" Temple." It has long been pulled down, and upon the 
site a villa residence was erected by Mr. Alfred Wilkinson, 
now the property and residence of Mr. Benjamin Smith. 
At the survey made during the year 1839 the "Temple" 
belonged to Mr. Fairfax Fearnley, of Gomersal, and was 
occupied by George Mortimer and his wife Susey. The 
name is a peculiar one, of which we have no explanation 
to offer. The site formed a portion of the property of 
the Boiling family of Chellow and Manningham Old Hall, 
and descended to Mrs. Ann Boiling, widow of John Boiling, 
who died in 1730, and to whose memory a monument 
was erected by his daughter in Bradford Parish Church. 
Mrs. Boiling was the daughter of Colonel John Beckwith, 
by Mary, the only daughter of Lawyer Gregson, of 
Manningham, who owned much property in Manningham, 
and a portion of it fell to Mrs. Boiling. 

During her widowhood of over forty years Mrs. Boiling 
had several removals, and ultimately settled in London. 
Her Yorkshire property was managed for her by Thomas 
Northrop, a Bradford schoolmaster, and afterwards by 



64 History of Manningham. 

Henry Hemingway, the lawyer. Widow Boiling, however, 
exercised considerable oversight of her estate, but was a 
very illiterate woman, as the following extracts from a 
letter addressed by her to Mr. Hemingway testify : 

London, Dec. 20, 1764. 

Dr. Sir, These wates on you with my beste respecks to you 
and yr Ladey and Miss with the complments of the aproachin season 
and may you and they live to see many of the returns of them. I 
must beg the faver of you to receve my rentes at the next New 
Yere's Day as ussuall and to let the tenants have there diner and all 
things as they always have had them and to ask Peter Watkinson to 
dine with you and the tenants and to pay him the monny he has 
been so good as to lay down for me for things that came up heare, 
and when you have payde the taxes be so good as to send me the 
money in as few bills as convenent, that I may have time to settle 
my affares before coming down into Yorksher whih plese God will be 
the back ende of March or the beginnin of April as the weather 
sutes. And tell Mrs. Northend (Northrop) I should be glad to be 
with them till I can get a littel settled if agreeable. I will send you 
a barrel of oysters as soon as the froste is gon. Mr. Thomas died 
the last St. Andrew's Day, and hath left my daughter all his estate 
and made her his hole and sole execitor, and I am glad I was not 
com down into Yorksher before his death, but please God I shall com 
down at the time apointed. I shall conclude wth my best respecks 
to all my aqanetance, and I am dear sir your obliged frende and 
humble servent to command 

ANN BOLLING. 

P.S. I am sorry I cannot sende you this in a franke but you 
know they will not now go and I am a shamed to aske a jentillman 
to rite a hole direckshun to save fourpence. 

Mrs. Ann Boiling's daughter, Mary, the heiress of 
the Boiling and Gregson estates, married Mr. Thomas, 
a London merchant, but died childless in 1767, the 
property then falling to William Boiling, tobacconist, of 
Ilkley. 

The " Temple " farm, which came to Mrs. Boiling in 
her own right, was the cause of much trouble to her. In 
a return of Mrs. Boiling's rentals for 1767 the property 
was let to William Hill for 11 per annum, and he 
appears to have been a very troublesome tenant In a 



History of Manningham, cs 

letter from Mrs. Boiling to Hemingway, dated June, 1770, 
she writes : 

I am sorrey you have soe much trubble with Hill but he allus 
acted like a roge ever since I had the misfortin to have to doo with 
him I layd out a great deal of monney in repayring that house and 
I bilte quiat a nue barne put everything into repare it cost me a deal 
of monney but he nivver a ther mosst or pointed it but let all run to 
rewin from the very firste but as you observe it is no ewes spendin 
monney on such a villan. 

The following comprised the bulk of Mrs. Boiling's 
property in Manningham at the time of her death in 
1773 = 

s- d. 

Samuel Milner's lease of Chellow, yearly rent ... 28 o o 
Win. Hill, Temple, Manningham, yearly rent ... u o o 

John Kitching's lease, yearly rent 10 10 o 

James Frankland, Hornblow House, yearly rent ...560 
Ezekiel Hainworth, part of Hornblow House, 

yearly rent 276 

John Mitchell, part of Hornblow House i o o 

James Nay lor, part of Hornblow House ... ... i 60 

House part of Hornblow House, tenanted by the 
town of Manningham for two mad women, 
yearly rent 090 

DEDUCTIONS FROM ABOVE RENTALS. 

Lord's rent in Manningham, payable at Michaelmas 

to the Lord of the Manor of Bradford, yearly... o i i 

At Martinmas to A. B. for blowing the horn yearly 
is. and 6d. further, to wit 2d. pint of ale and 
4d. dinner o i 6 

NOTE. Edward Hirst, of Bradford, has the horn and ha'.bert, and if 
anything happens the man, the horn and halbert must be taken care of. H. H. 

At her death, in 1773, Mrs. Boiling left the "Temple" 
to her sister, Mrs. Lobley, of Bingley, and on her decease 
to her nephew, Benjamin Fearnley, of Gomersal. The 
tenant Hill having been got rid of, the little farm came 
into the occupancy of John Duckworth. Hence, doubtless, 
the name " Duckworth Lane." 
E 



66 History of Manningham. 



LAWYER GREGSON. 

Brief reference may here be made to Lawyer Gregson, 
the grandfather of Mrs. Boiling. He was an attorney, and 
appears to have combined with the legal profession that of 
money-lender and usurer. By these means he amassed 
considerable property, some of it in all probability by fore- 
closing mortgages in which he was interested, and died in 
July, 1695. The sort of reputation he left behind him 
may be gathered by an entry made in the Rev. Oliver 
Heywood's diary, as follows : 

Mr. Gregson, the Attorney, of Bradford, that had ruined many 
to enrich himself, dyed on Lord's Day morning, July 2lst. Bury"d at 
Bradford, July 24th. Mr. Pemberton (vicar of Bradford) preacht. 

John Gregson was constable for Manningham in 1673, 
and died a few days after making his will, in 1695, leaving 
a small portion of his estate to Ann, his widow, and the 
remainder in trust to his only daughter, Mary, then twelve 
years of age. While still in her teens, the young heiress 
was wooed and won by Colonel John Beckwith, a military 
gentleman from London, who, it is said, was attracted to 
this neighbourhood by the reputation of a Bradford artificial 
limb-maker. Be this as it may, the marriage took place at 
the Bradford Parish Church on February ipth, 1701, and 
of this union was born Ann Boiling, to whom ample 
reference has already been made. 

THE ILLINGWORTH FAMILY. 

Daisy Bank, the name given to the residence of Mr. 
Alfred Illingworth, until recently member for the Western 
Division of Bradford, stands within extensive grounds 
between Duckworth Lane and Allerton Road, and adjoins 
Lady Royd Hall, the residence of his brother, the late 
Mr. Henry Illingworth. The original structure was built for 
his own residence by Mr. George Greenwood Tetley, of the 
firm of Rennie, Tetley & Co., but since the property came 
into Mr. Illingworth's hands the residence has been much 



History of Manningham. 67 

enlarged, and the grounds improved, the latter being now 
extensive, and commanding good views of the surrounding 
country. At the beginning of the century, and until Mr. 
G. G. Tetley began to build, there was only one structure 
between Squire Lane and Crow Trees Lane, namely, a 
farmstead, occupied by Thomas Ackroyd, and afterwards 
by his son, Francis. In Squire Lane stood two very old 
houses on the right, ascending from the bottom. They 
formed part of the Hodgson estate, the land being farmed 
by Nathan Waterhouse. 

" Illingworth " is an old family name in Manningham. 
In the muster roll of archers, billmen, and horsemen able 
to bear arms in the time of Henry VIII., there were four 
persons of that name in the township, the name being 
generally spelt " Illyngwurthe," but sometimes varied by the 
prefix Y. Traced through its Icelandic and Anglo-Saxon 
derivatives, the name indicates a farm or settlement which 
has been rescued from the wilderness by cultivation. This 
would be applicable to the village of Illingworth, near 
Halifax, which doubtless gave the name to the family. In 
an Act of Parliament of 1555, passed for the relief of the 
woollen weavers of Halifax, the surrounding neighbourhood 
was described as waste and moorland, " where the ground 
is not apt to bring forth any corn or good grass but in 
rare places, and that by the exceeding industry of the 
inhabitants." The name of Illingworth occurs in very old 
deeds, going back to 1390, and the burial records of Illing- 
worth Chapel, built about 1526, contain many references 
to the name. Among the first trustees of the chapel occur 
the names of William and Henry Illingworth, and the 
office of clerk and sexton was held by members of the 
Illingworth family for 157 years in succession. The connec- 
tion between the Illingworths of Bradford and Illingworth 
dates at least from the year 1450, as shown by testa- 
mentary evidence. In October of that year William 
Yllingworth, of Bradford, made his will, and among other 
bequests mentioned he left to Yllingworth of Yllingworth, 
33. 4d. Of the Illingworths of Illingworth, two of the sons 
of Thomas Illingworth were in holy orders, namely, the 



68 History of Manningham. 

Rev. Michael Illingworth, curate of Garton-in-Holderness 
from 1603 to 1612, and the Rev. James Illingworth, 
ordained curate of Poole, near Otley, in 1634. The latter 
had issue, John Illingworth, a physician, living in 1665, and 
James, tutor of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1657, 

Passing over three generations, we find the family 
settled in Bradford. Phineas Illingworth, born in 1762, and 
interred at Westgate Chapel (with which place the family 
are still associated), had several sons, among them being 
Miles, the eldest, also Daniel and Joseph. The second 
son, Daniel, married to Elizabeth Hill, had issue, Alfred 
Illingworth, until recently one of the members for Bradford; 
and Henry Illingworth, of Lady Royd Hall, besides two 
daughters, Margaret and Anne. Of the issue of Joseph 
Illingworth, brother of Daniel, were several sons, viz., 
Walter, Charles, Frederick, William, Arthur, and Herbert, 
besides two daughters. 

DANIEL ILLINGWORTH. 

Mr. Daniel Illingworth, the father of the two gentle- 
men above-named, was a native of Manningham, having 
been born, in 1792, upon the very spot where Whetley 
Mills, the extensive premises owned and worked by 
Messrs. D. Illingworth & Sons, now stand. At the close of 
last century his father worked in a cotton mill situate 
near the bottom of Brick Lane, and run by a Mr. John 
Buckley. This person being desirous of entering into the 
worsted industry, proposed to erect a steam factory near 
the bottom of Bower Street, Manchester Road, but so 
powerful was the opposition offered that he relinquished 
the idea, and subsequently removed his business to 
Too"morden, in Lancashire. Thither he was accompanied 
by the Illingworth family about the beginning of the 
present century, and there Daniel Illingworth acquired 
a knowledge of cotton spinning, but ultimately he 
returned to Bradford. This was about the year 1820. At 
that time his elder brother, Miles Illingworth, had com- 
menced worsted spinning in Bradford, in a small way, 




Albert Sachs, Hrarffoni. 

ALFRED ILLINGWORTH, Esq. 



History of Manning/tarn. 69 

and Daniel Illingworth joined him in partnership. The 
business grew rapidly under the hands of the two brothers, 
who subsequently admitted a third partner, Mr. William 
Murgatroyd, a gentleman who filled the mayoral chair of 
Bradford from 1854 to 1856. The firm first carried on 
business at Prospect Mill, in Wakefield Road, now occupied 
by Cole, Marchent & Co., ironfounders, and at Duckett's 
Mill, in Nelson Street. After Mr. Murgatroyd had been 
admitted into partnership they built and occupied, about 
1825, the mill at the bottom of Hope Street, which has 
since been pulled down by the Lancashire and Yorkshire 
Railway Company for station improvements, and in addition 
bought the Union Street Mill, which afterwards served 
for some years as the headquarters for the business carried 
on by the late Sir (then Mr.) Titus Salt. 

Mr. William Murgatroyd did not remain many years 
in the business, withdrawing in 1834, and the partnership 
between Miles and Daniel Illingworth was dissolved in 
1837, when Miles carried on the mill alone until he retired, 
and removed to Harrogate. In the last years of his life 
he resided in Bradford, where he died in 1869. 

A LFRED ILLING IVOR TH. 

Mr. Daniel Illingworth afterwards erected Providence 
Mill, in Tetley Street, and in course of time took his two 
sons, Alfred and Henry, into partnership, under the style 
of "Daniel Illingworth & Sons." The indefatigable exertions 
of both father and sons resulted in a largely increased 
business as worsted spinners, and ultimately in the erection 
of Whetley Mills, where the business is still carried on. 
Mr. Daniel Illingworth died in 1854, and his two sons 
became the sole owners of the concern. After continuing 
at Providence Mill for a time, the ground upon which 
Whetley Mills stand was purchased from Mr. J. Atkinson 
Jowett, and the mills were erected, and entered upon in 
July, 1865. They are of an extensive character, and the 
original structure has been added to from time to time. 

Mr. Alfred Illingworth has from his youth upwards 



70 History of Manningham. 

taken an active part in political questions, and in 1868 
contested and won a seat for the borough of Knaresborough 
in the Liberal interest. He sat for Knaresborough until 
the year 1874, when he resigned and declined several 
offers until, in April, 1880, he was returned for the borough 
of Bradford, in company with the late Rt. Hon. W. E. 
Forster. On the Redistribution of Seats in 1885, Mr. 
Illingworth was returned for the Western Division of 
Bradford, which position he continued to hold until the 
general election in 1895, when he declined to be again put 
in nomination. Mr. Illingworth married Margaret, the 
second daughter of Sir Isaac Holden, Bart, of Oakworth, 
and sister of Angus Holden, Esq., the member for the 
Buckrose Division, East Riding. Two of his sons, with 
two sons of his late brother, Mr. Henry Illingworth, are 
members of the firm of Daniel Illingworth & Sons. 

HENRY ILLINGWORTH. 

Lady Royd Hall, the residence of the late Mr. Henry 
lilingworth, closely adjoins to Daisy Bank, and also com- 
mands an ample prospect of the Thornton Valley. As 
originally built in 1865 the house stood in a park 
of about twelve acres, but by subsequent additions the 
park - like enclosure has been considerably increased in 
extent. 

The name of Lady Royd is a very old one. In one 
of the earliest surveys taken of the Manor of Bradford, 
namely, in the year 1342, Thomas de Northrop is described 
as holding a " certain ruddyng (or clearing) called Lady 
Rode" containing eight acres of land, for which he paid 
33. 3d. per annum in lieu of all service to the lord of the 
manor. By indenture, dated May, 1760, Nicholas Pollard, 
of Shuttleworth Hall, made over to his daughter, Mary, 
" All those several closes of land in Manningham, called 
the upper Lady Royds and the lower Lady Royds and 
Squire Brow, in the oc"- of Thos. Hodgson ; also that 
Water Corn Mill and Kiln situate in Allerton, with the 
suit and mulcture thereto belonging, then, in the tenure 



History of Manningham. 71 

of Nich. Pollard ; also that dwelling-house situate at Daisy 
Hill in which John Jowett resided." 

Mr. Henry Illingvvorth, although fully identifying 
himself with the political, social, and industrial life of 
Bradford, eschewed prominence in regard to public affairs. 
The bent of his mind was towards commercial affairs, and, 
largely interested as the firm of Daniel Illingworth and 
Sons was in the staple industry of which Bradford is the 
metropolis, and his elder brother, Mr. Alfred Illingworth, 
having chosen the political arena for his especial sphere, 
the principal burden of the direction of Whetley Mills fell 
upon Mr. Henry Illingworth. This is not the place to 
record the manner in which that important duty was 
discharged. Mr. Illingworth's ability in commercial affairs 
received recognition in 1882, when he was elected to the 
exalted position of President of the Bradford Chamber of 
Commerce, and he was re-elected in the following year. 
He had previously filled the position of Junior and Senior 
Vice-President of the Chamber. Mr. Henry Illingworth 
married Mary, the elder daughter of Sir Isaac Holden, Bart. 
His death, after a somewhat protracted illness, in September, 
1895, was the occasion of wide-spread regret in Bradford. 
He has left several sons, one of whom, Mr. H. H. 
Illingworth, is a borough magistrate. 




72 History of Manningham. 



CHAPTER VII. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL S UR VE Y. 
III. 



Origin of Hrownroyd Waterside Farm Ben Preston Thiefscore Bridge Craven 
Heifer Inn Bradford Soke Mills Smyth Family New Miller Dam Lease 
to Ellis & Priestman Soke Rights Contested List of Manningham Families 
within the Soke James Ellis Rev. Joseph Ellis. 



BRO WNRO YD. 

Brown royd is not a new name given to the colony of 
dwellings and business premises now existing in Thornton 
Road. The name belonged to a farmstead, owned in 1810 
by Mr. John Smyth, proprietor of the Bradford Soke Mills, 
and occupying a position about the centre of Brownroyd. 
The farm lands extended from Thornton Road to Bradford 
Beck. At the period stated, the farm was occupied by 
John Rhodes. Rushworth Rhodes, his son, succeeded, the 
property having then descended to Mr. John Henry Smyth. 
The adjoining farm was known as " Waterside " so early as 
the year 1708, when Thomas Barker, yeoman, effected a 
mortgage of 1500 on the property with Samuel Heming- 
way, attorney, of Apperley Bridge, the financier of that 
period. Several of the closes are described in the mort- 
gage deed as the Brows, Rough Ing, Lower Holme, 
Cockroft, and the Broadley Intakes, and these names 
occur in the survey of the farm in 1811, when "Dicky" 
Hodgson was the owner, and Isaac Wheater the tenant. 
Subsequently the farmstead passed to Miss Jowett, of Clock 
House, when it was occupied by a tenant named John 
Cass. 

Waterside Farm is the spot which our neighbour Ben 



History of Manningham, 73 

Preston, the Yorkshire poet, regards as his first home, he 
having removed there with his parents when quite an 
infant. The farm then consisted of the homestead and 
customary outbuildings and three cottages, tenanted by 
hand woolcombers. In one of his poems Ben recalls the 
scene of his early childhood thus : 

Far off and faint as echoed echoes comes 

Back to my ears a streamlet's babbling flow, 

While bathed in sunshine rise three cottage homes, 

And close beside a farmstead grey and low ; 

A grove lies eastward, to the west a brow 

Slopes gently down to pastures broad and green, 

Whence glances here and there the brook's unresting sheen. 

A footpath passed through Waterside Farm from 
Thiefscore Bridge to New Miller Dam. Isaac White, the 
well-known musician, resided at Brownroyd Farm, and died 
there in July, 1874. Thiefscore Bridge Farm, on the site 
of Cumberland Works, Messrs. Holden, Burnley & Co.'s 
extensive premises, was formerly occupied by John Waugh. 
A former tenant of this farm was Joseph Rhodes. The 
property belonged to Messrs. lies & Letch, but originally 
formed part of the Hodgson estate. 

The Craven Heifer Inn, at Four Lane Ends, is an 
ancient hostelry. At the beginning of the century the 
property belonged to Widow Smith, the occupier being 
Jonathan Tordoff. In later years John Hammond was 
the landlord, he being succeeded by his brother, James 
Hammond, father of the late Alderman E. W. Hammond. 
The Hammond family sprang from the neighbourhood of 
Four Lane Ends, but originally from Horton, where they 
were located as early as 1390. 

BRADFORD SOKE MILLS. 

The neighbourhood of Brownroyd has become so 
changed in appearance that Ben Preston's description is 
needed in order to enable us to realise the fact that at 
one time it bore quite a rural aspect. Mills and dyeworks 
now occupy the " pastures broad and green " which once 



74 History of Manningham. 

were enlivened by the " brook's unresting sheen," and ere 
long little will remain to indicate that at one time the site 
was purely agricultural. So early as the middle of the 
sixteenth century, as would appear from the will of one 
John Holland, there was a dam at Brownroyd to supply 
a corn mill near at hand. This would doubtless be but a 
small affair. 

The Bradford Soke Mills were formerly vested in the 
Crown as parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster, and were 
leased by James I. to two citizens of London, under the 
yearly rentals of 6 6s. 8d. for " the two old mills under 
one roof, and 6s. Sd. for the new mill " (i.e., the water corn 
mill in the eastern part of Bradford). The soke mills 
afterwards became the property of Sir Richard Tempest, 
of Boiling Hall, who, in 1627, obtained a decree against 
William Lister, William Jowett, and other inhabitants of 
Manningham and Bradford, for withdrawing their suit and 
soke from the mills. The decree declared the town of 
Manningham to be a parcel of and within the manor of 
Bradford, and further declared that "all the tenants of the 
manor, whether freeholders or copyholders, or other inhabi- 
tants, in Manningham or in other towns within the manor 
of Bradford, dwelling within two miles of the mills, should 
do suit and grind all corn spent in their houses at the said 
mills, so that the same should be ground within twenty- 
four hours after being brought to the mills, otherwise it 
might be taken to any other mill at pleasure." 

The Soke Mills were in 1648 conveyed by Sir Richard 
Tempest to Nicholas Shuttleworth, in whose family the 
estate vested for about a century, and in 1768 became 
the property of John Smyth, whose son, John, was in 
possession in 1811. John Smyth, of Heath, near Wakefield, 
already referred to as the owner of the soke, made the 
large reservoir known in later times as New Miller Dam,* 
and erected a corn mill near the end of it. This fact is 



* Not a trace remains of this dam, the site being now principally covered 
by the Great Northern City Road Depot. The Corporation have since made 
a smaller reservoir at Brownroyd, covering three and a half acres, which was 
opened in May, 1875. 



History of Manningham. 75 

borne out in an indenture of 1777, whereby it was agreed 
between Abraham Balme, of Bradford, and John Smyth 
that, in consideration of five guineas paid by the latter, 
Balme agreed that 

The dam stones which had been lately laid near the foot or 
north part of a close of land the inheritance of Sarah Balme (wife of 
Abraham) situate in Horton, called the Legrams, for conducting and 
carrying the waters to the reservoir which had then lately been made 
by John Smyth and John Smyth his late father, in certain closes at 
Brownroyd for collecting and preserving the water for the use of the 
Bradford mills, should at all times remain and continue to be used in 
such manner as the same were then fixed. 

In 1824 the Bradford Soke Mills were let on lease by 
the trustees of John Henry Smyth to Joshua Priestman, 
of Thornton, near Pickering, corn miller ; James Ellis, of 
Bradford, corn miller ; and Samuel Priestman, of Kirkstall, 
corn miller. The agreement, signed on March 24th, 1824, 
describes the property let to Priestman, Ellis & Priestman 
as 

All those water corn mills situate at Bradford, known as the Soke 
Mills, with the outbuildings, dams, goits, brooks, and other appurten- 
ances ; and all that other water corn mill, called the New Mill, situate 
upon the bank of the dam, containing 43. y. 39p. ; and also that brick 
wind corn mill, situate at Barkerend, adjoining to lands belonging to 
John George Smyth, deceased, then in the tenure of Jos. Dalby, with 
the sails, millstones, &c. ; and also the several closes of land known 
as the Two Days' Work, 2a. lop. ; the Summering Pasture, 3a. ir. I4p.; 
the Dam Head Close, 23. 2r. 2/p. ; the Home Close, 43. 2r. iSp. ; the 
Rushy Field, 33. zSp., then in the tenure of Messrs. Duckitt & Bilton, 
with all the mill fittings, suit and soke, and easements, reserving all 
timber, mines, and minerals, to hold the same from the fifth day of 
April, 1824, from year to year, at the yearly rental of ,900 for the 
mills and $o for the land, the same to be kept in repair, and to be 
kept in good working condition at a yearly expenditure of not less 
than /ico, to be returned to them out of the rental, the said Smyth 
providing new grindstones when required. 

In 1836 the Soke Mills, with all the rights appertaining 
thereto, were leased to James Ellis and his brother-in-law, 
John Priestman, for a term of eleven years, at a rental of 
1250 per annum. 



76 History of Manningham. 

The Smyth family, which for long was connected with 
the Bradford soke estate, lived for several generations at 
Bunker's Hill, Bradford, in a fine old residence called 
Miryshay, which is still standing. John Smyth, born in 
1654, purchased the Heath estate, near Wakefield, about 
1700, and founded a branch of the family, which included 
the Right Hon. John Smyth, who constructed New Miller's 
Dam at Brownroyd, and was twenty-five years M.P. for 
Pontefract The latter died in iSu.and was succeeded by 
his son, John Henry Smyth, of Heath, who continued to 
own Miryshay and also the Bradford Soke Mills. It was 
his executors who in 1824 leased the soke mills and rights 
to Joshua Priestman & Co. 

It is not within the scope of this sketch to follow the 
fortunes of the Bradford soke, which in early and more 
recent times involved considerable litigation. Suffice it 
that in the early part of 1869 the entire Queen's Mill 
properly, including New Miller's Dam and Goit, with all 
rights of supplying water therefrom, was sold to a small 
syndicate, and was subsequently purchased by the Bradford 
Corporation, thus enabling that body to virtually extinguish 
the ancient custom of soke, which had been for generations 
a source of much trouble and was constantly violated. 

In the year 1780, during a trial which took place to test 
the validity of the soke rights, a census was taken of the 
inhabitants of Manningham, which is here reproduced : 

List of the Inhabitants in Manningham, taken October 20tk, 1780, 
with number in each family.* 





No. of 




No. of 




Family. 




Family. 


Richd. Hargreaves 


... 4 


Jno. Rastrick ... 


4 


Mrs. Kitching ... 


... 4 


Wm. Baley 


5 


Jno. Kitching 


... 4 


Jon. Wilkinson 


4 


Jonas Walker ... 


. 3 


Jno. Midgley ... 


6 


Robt. Hargreaves 


... 3 


Jonathn. Fostard 


2 


Isaac Rhoodes 


... 4 


David Brier 


3 


Wm. Barwick ... 


... 2 


Matty Hodgshon 


3 


Jere. Philip 


... 2 


Jas. Keighley ... 


9 



* The spelling of names is preserved as in the original list. 



History of Manningham. 



Hugh Cryer 
Wm. Wilkinson 
Mary Willson ... 
Sainl. Kitching ... 
Jno. Wood 
Mary Parker 
John Greenwood 
Abram Hardy ... 
Abram Brougton 
Wm. Patrick ... 
Wm. Frankland 
Benjn. Cliff 
Jas. ffirth 
John Rangle 
John Sugden 
Jas. Hustler 
Wm. Lister 
Isaac Stead 
John Dentry 
Henry Speight ... 
Jno. Laycock ... 
Jonathn. Denton 
Jno. Wadington 
Wm. Warburton 
Joseph Burnley... 
Jonas Hainsworth 
Japhet Harrison 
Joseph Brooksbank 
Henry Rawnsley 
Mooses Obkinson 
Joseph Dewhirst 
Isaac Roydes ... 
John Rushworth 
Geo. Heaton 
Isaac Stead 
Thos. Anderton 
Thos. Parker ... 
John Ryecroft ... 
Betty Nayler ... 
Robt. Hill 
Jeremiah Brooke 
Benjn. Watson ... 
Thos. Rawnsley 
Robt. Rawnsley 
James Philips ... 



No. of 
Family. 

... 6 Wm. Kitching ... 

... 7 Nancy Rawnsley 

... i Saml. Copley ... 

... 5 Edwd. Willson ... 

... 5 Wm. Bullock ... 

... 2 Jonan. Fostard ... 

... 6 Jeremy Watson... 

... 9 Betty Copley 

... 3 Thos. Walker ... 

... 4 Jonathn. Rawnsley 

4 John Rawnsley... 
... 2 Wm. Rawnsley... 
... 6 Robt. Holt 

... 6 Saml. Rushworth 

... 3 Castle Goodchild 

... 3 Thos. Bolton ... 

... 3 Michael Firth ... 

... 5 John Robertshaw 

... 3 John Hustler 

... 5 James Rawnsley 

... 3 John Longbottom 

... 4 Joseph Beanland 

... 3 Annah Hodgshon 

5 Mary Dracup ... 
... 7 Richd. Midgley... 
... 5 Emanuel Sugden 
... 9 Benjn. Sugden ... 
... 5 Jacob Naylor ... 
... 4 James Rusher ... 

5 Henry Willson ... 

5 John Ledgard ... 

... 5 Jonathn. Foster 

... 4 Wm. Varley 

... 5 Wm. Watson ... 

... 7 Joseph Harrison 

... 6 Jno. Popelwell ... 

2 Saml. Popplewell 

... 2 James Pollard ... 

... 4 Mrs. Clayton 

... 4 John Cordingley 

... 9 Wm. Dewce, jun. 

... 4 Wm. Dewce, sen. 

... 4 James Tetley ... 

... 4 Betty Rhoodes ... 

... 4 Joseph Willson... 



77 

No. of 
Family. 

... 4 
i 

... 4 

... 6 

... 2 

... 4 

... 5 

... 6 

... 3 

... 7 

... 5 

3 

... 6 

... 7 

... 6 

... 5 

... 8 

... 4 

3 

... 4 

... 4 

... 2 

3 

3 

... 4 

3 

... 4 

... 5 

... 6 

... 5 

... 2 

- 3 

- 3 
... 6 
... 4 
3 
3 

... 2 

3 

3 

... 4 

... 8 

- 3 

... 4 



78 



History of Manningham, 



No. of 
Family. 

Wm. Sugden 3 

Michael ffirth 7 

Mary Rollings ... 4 

John ffostard ... 2 

Miles Firth 5 

Thos. Sugden ... ... ... 4 

Mary Thomas ... ... ... I 

John Greenoff ... 6 

Saml. Lister, Esq 6 

Jas. Naylor 2 

Jno. Firth and Jonas Firth ... 10 

Mr. Nathn. Jowett 8 

John Parkinson ... ... 6 

Kester Warde 3 

Joseph Warde ... 6 

James Mitchel ... ... ... 4 

Nathl. Waterhouse 6 

Saml. Wright 7 

Saml. Harrison... ... ... 3 

Joseph Jennings ... ... 4 

Joseph Smith ... ... . . 6 

John Fostard ... ... ... 6 

Abram Wilkinson ... ... 4 

John Warde ... 6 

John Teall ... ... ... 4 

Joshua Dixon ... ... ... 4 

James Hodgshon ... ... 2 

James Smith ... ... ... 3 



Thos. Walker ... 
Widow Thompson 
John Wilkinson 
Joshua Walker ... 
Thos. Barraclough 
Thos. Fletcher ... 
James Waller ... 
John Wheater ... 
Isaac Smith 
Wm. Weater ... 
Robt. Ellis 
John Clark 
Wm. Weater ... 
Richd. Brooke'... 
Wm. Bushworth 
John Dixon 
Stephen Settle ... 
Willn. Hodgshon 
Richd. Midgley... 
Widow Smith ... 
Thos. Storey ... 
John Bower 
John Hollings ... 
George Ackroyd 
Mary Frankland 
Alice Waterhouse 
John Gott 



No. of 
Family. 

- 3 
... 6 
... 4 
... 6 
... 7 
... 5 
... 6 
... 4 
... 6 
... 5 
... 7 
... 5 

3 

... 5 

... 7 

... 2 

... 5 

... 9 

... 8 

... 4 

... 6 

... 4 

... 6 

... S 

... 2 

3 
... 5 



The population of Manningham in 1780 would, upon 
the above basis, appear to have been 726, and it may be 
regarded as a reliable record. 



JAMES ELLIS. 

James Ellis, who joined his brother-in-law, John 
Priestman, in the business of corn millers at Queen's Mill, 
was a native of Leicestershire, where he was born about 
the year 1793. He learned the milling business with 
Joshua Priestman, of Thornton, Pickering, and first went 
to a corn mill at Hull, but migrated to Bradford about the 
year 1824, where, in partnership with his brother, Robert, 



History of Manningham. 79 

he kept a flour shop at the bottom of Great Horton 
Road. In the same year, as we have seen, he joined with 
Joshua and Samuel Priestman in a lease of the Bradford 
Soke Mills, and in 1836 entered into partnership with his 
brother-in-law, John Priestman, at the same mills. They 
had the monopoly of the grinding of corn and crushing 
of malt within the soke, but the business was a source 
of much trouble to them. The monopoly was constantly 
violated, although from no ill-will to the lessees, and 
several attempts were made by the inhabitants to treat 
with Mr. Smyth, the owner, to buy up the soke rights, 
but without success. In an influentially-signed memorial, 
got up for that purpose in the year 1838, the names of 
James Ellis and John Priestman are prominent. Both 
gentlemen were staunch advocates of temperance, and 
they relinquished the malting trade, valued at 600 per 
annum, from conscientious motives. They, however, con- 
tinued to crush malt. 

James Ellis and his partner were both members of the 
Society of Friends, and held decided principles antagonistic 
to war. While quite a young man Mr. Ellis suffered six 
weeks' imprisonment in Northallerton House of Correction 
because he could not conscientiously serve in the militia 
during the war with Napoleon. He dissolved partnership 
with his brother-in-law, John Priestman, in 1848, and during 
that year, whilst the great famine was still desolating 
Ireland, he and Mrs. Ellis visited the west coast of that 
country. Mr. Ellis was much attracted by the project of 
cultivating land in that wild district, not only as a means 
of providing employment for the starving people, but with 
a view to gratify his own strong love of gardening and 
agriculture, and the visit of 1848 led to his removal to 
Letterfrack in the following year. Mr. Ellis took a tract of 
uncultivated land, occupying a triangular area, having the 
summit of the Diamond, one of the twelve Pins of Conne- 
mara, for its apex, and the shore of Balinakill Bay for its 
base. Between these points lay 1800 acres of stony heath 
on the higher ground, bog in the centre, and sea-shore 
below. This land he held from an absentee owner on a 



80 History of Manningham. 

ninety-nine years' lease, at a rent of .80, which he reckoned 
at is. 96. per acre on that part of the land which was 
worth cultivating. Here he built a roomy dwelling-house, 
stables, barns, and a greenhouse, standing in six acres of 
garden and pleasure ground, and commanding a glorious 
view of the sea, islands, and mountains. 

Mr. Ellis employed about eighty men in reclaiming 
the bog, cultivating the gardens, and doing the usual work 
of farm labourers ; and paid them eightpence a day, which 
was one-fourth more than the rate of wages usual at that 
time. This sum, small as it is, does not appear so little 
when compared with the price of provisions. Eggs were 
four for a penny ; a lamb, 2s. 6d. ; a fine sheep, 6s. ; and 
potatoes, 2d. a stone. It was the high value of cash 
payments which enabled Mr. Ellis to employ so many 
people. He did not propose to farm at a profit in Conne- 
mara, or even to obtain from the land all that he expended 
upon it ; but he intended to spend .800 a year there ; 
and hoped to recover half of it. This he did, for he was 
there between eight and nine years, during the course of 
which he expended ^6000, and on retiring sold the place 
as it stood for ^"3000. Mrs. Ellis, writing to one of her 
English friends, says : 

There is not much self-denial in operation. My husband enjoys 
seeing the fruit of his labours ; where he is, there is ;/// place, and 
we are deprived of no comfort which money could give. What 
we expended in Bradford we find keeps very well our own family and 
fifty others, besides leaving enough to educate 120 children. 

On their first arrival in Ireland, Mr. and Mrs. Ellis 
were met by many Job's comforters among the Protestants 
of the neighbourhood, who said that nothing could be done 
with the Irish race they must die out. Upon this Mrs. 
Ellis remarks : " It goes to one's heart to hear it. I 
believe it would be a blessing if some Irish landlords were 
exterminated. They would leave the better part behind 
them." One friend a Quaker too advised them to provide 
themselves with guns and pistols, assuring them that their 
lives would be in danger, and nothing would be safe from 



History of Manningham. 81 

thieves. He said he could not keep so much as a cabbage 
in his garden, and invited them to row across the bay to 
his place to see for themselves. There, sure enough, were 
the cabbage stalks, but not a cabbage to be seen. This 
troubled the new settlers, till they discovered that this 
slanderer of his neighbours employed labourers without 
paying their wages, in consequence of which they had to 
help themselves. Happily, these sinister predictions proved 
utterly unfounded. Mrs. Ellis writes : 

A finer race of people no one could wish to see ; gentle, polite, 
cheerful, easily made happy ; rather gumptionless for want of practice 
at some things, but by no means idle. We have ventured our sheep 
on the hills through the night. Compared with Bradford, it is like 
having the " ears stopped from hearing of blood and the eyes shut 
from seeing evil." Pilfering there is, and must be in such a state of 
things as exists here, but my husband does not know that anything 
has been taken from us to the value of a peppercorn, though we leave 
things about in a way that would be perfectly unsafe in Bradford. 

Mr. Ellis was much opposed to encouraging beggary 
of any kind, and seldom gave money. In the case of 
the very poorest he would set the children to gather 
primrose roots or ferns rather than give them alms. 
He disliked also the mode of proselytising adopted by 
the Irish Church Mission, and declared that this mission 
had failed to obtain one sincere convert from the Roman 
Catholics, in spite of the boastful statement that 30,000 
converts had been made in Connemara. He did not 
attempt to turn the Roman Catholics from their faith in 
the day school which he opened, but was satisfied under 
the circumstances to have the New Testament read in the 
classes. 

Mr. Ellis's Connemara work went on favourably till 
1857, when his health failed, and it was deemed best that 
he should return to England. He lived from that time at 
Thornton, near Pickering, till his death in 1869. 

We shall have opportunity in a future paper to refer 
to John Priestman, a man as worthy in every respect of 
being had in remembrance as his philanthropic partner, 
James Ellis. 
F 



82 History of Manningham. 

REV. JOSEPH ELLIS. 

In August, 1895, the Rev. Joseph Ellis, B.A., second 
son of Mr. James Ellis, died at Cleadon, Sunderland, in the 
seventieth year of his age. The reverend gentleman was 
one of the few Radical clergymen in England of his day, 
a man of strong individuality, of high motive, honest and 
straightforward to a degree. Mr. Ellis was designed by his 
father for a commercial career, but the bent of his mind 
was distinctly literary, and, after a short period engaged 
in worsted manufacturing, he entered St. John's College, 
Cambridge. Joseph Ellis was brought up a Quaker, but, 
somewhat singularly, he developed into a High Church- 
man and a Ritualist. In 1858 he was appointed to a 
curacy at the Bradford Parish Church, under Dr. Burnet, and 
soon manifested a desire to amply fulfil his calling, going 
in and out among the poorest of the parish, meanwhile 
giving unstinted attention to the young people gathered 
in the Parish Church Sunday School. During the year 
1865 Mr. Ellis was appointed vicar of Wilsden, but in 1888 
he voluntarily resigned the position, from a conscientious 
objection to receive as part of his stipend moneys which 
he could not regard as legitimate Church property. Subse- 
quently he took occasional duty in Durham, and afterwards 
settled at Cleadon, near Sunderland, where he died. 




u uiit***n 



r t ' jti 

\- "1 /HLl 




History of Manningham. 88 



CHAPTER VIII. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY. 
IV. 

Girlington As It Was and Is Bradford Freehold Land Society The Girlington 
Estate The Hornblow Lands The Northrop Family Common Fields of 
ManninglKim Disposal of the Northrop Lands -Map of Girlington Coal 
Mining. 

GIRLINGTON. 

The site of Girlington will be regarded by the anti- 
quary with interest because of its historic associations, 
while the utilitarian will be attracted by its somewhat 
remarkable development as a suburb of Bradford. We 
shall deal with the subject under both aspects. 

Before doing so, however, some reference may be made 
to the past and present appearance of this now important 
portion of Manningham township, and not less important 
suburb of Bradford. For years after it had been opened 
up for building sites, the reasons for which will be fully 
stated, the now thriving district of Girlington presented 
a somewhat straggled appearance. Here and there were 
planted houses designed to suit the respective fancies of 
the builders, many of them one-storeyed, and surrounded 
with a good breadth of garden ground. Girlington at that 
period appeared a long way from Bradford, and there were 
no means of reaching the town except by the friendly 
aid of a milk-cart or by walking. A glance at the 
accompanying map of the district in question abundantly 
testifies to its present condition as one of a very different 
character to that described. For permission to give this 
valuable record the author is indebted to Mr. James Young, 
estate valuer, Bradford. 



84 History of Manningham. 

BRADFORD FREEHOLD LAND SOCIETY. 

It is not generally known that the opening up of 
the Girlington Estate was almost entirely a political 
movement. In Birmingham and the Midlands Freehold 
Land Societies had been established with the object of 
purchasing plots of land, cutting them up into small 
allotments, and dividing them amongst working men. The 
political aspect of the movement assumed that purchasers 
should derive sufficient from their holdings to give them a 
county vote, by making them what were called " Forty- 
shilling freeholders." The philanthropic promoters had 
for their object the encouragement of thrift, by enabling a 
man in humble circumstances to acquire a piece of land, 
and pay for it by monthly instalments, with a view to the 
ultimate erection of a dwelling in which to live. 

The Bradford Freehold Land Society was formed in 
June, 1849 ; Mr. Titus Salt being the first president, and 
Mr. Henry Forbes and Mr. W. E. Forster vice-presidents. 
The first estate purchased was at Northfield Place ; the 
second, Salt Street ; and the third, Girlington ; all being 
situate in Manningham. The society also purchased an 
estate at Hillside, Barkerend, and another at Tyersal, 
besides one at Windhill Wood End. 

On the Girlington Estate, acquired in 1850-52, and 
laid out by Mr. Joseph Smith, who was the surveyor for 
the society, there were about 250 allotments made, covering 
about thirty acres. With respect to the Northfield, Salt 
Street, Girlington, and Windhill estates, the ideas of the 
promoters were realised, although the same success did not 
attend the Hillside and Tyersal properties. Ultimately, the 
society had to be wound up. 

THE GIRLINGTON ESTATE. 

Of those who took up allotments on an extensive 
scale on the Girlington Estate were Joseph Nutter, 
William Clough, Joseph Roberts, Thomas Greenwood, 
Charles and William Stead, Isaac Naylor, William Harrison, 



History of Manningham. 85 

Matthew Wood, Peter Hartley, Moses Pilling, and others. 
The prices of the allotments ranged from 7d. to is. 6d. 
per square yard, according to position, in addition to 
draining, cost of road making, legal expenses, &c. Promi- 
nent sites realised up to 45. or 53. per square yard. The 
estate became the property of the late Titus Salt and 
Henry Forbes, by indenture dated February, 1851, in con- 
sideration of the sum of 3100 paid by them to Mary 
Brougham, widow, and Ann Idle, widow. The abstract of 
title by which the bulk of the property was acquired dates 
from 1782, wherein five closes in Manningham, formerly 
in one close, called " Girlington," are named as having 
been the property of William Northrop, late of Bradford, 
merchant, deceased. In February, 1851, an indenture of 
release confirms the absolute sale to Titus Salt and Henry 
Forbes by Mary Brougham and Ann 'Idle, of "all that 
messuage in Manningham, in which Abraham Hardy dwelt, 
and fourteen closes of land, known as 

A. K. I'. 

The Great Turnpike Field 2 o 24 

The Little Turnpike Field i 2 3 

Near Field (otherwise Painwell) ... I 3 7 

Far Field i 3 7 

House Close 3 i 23 

Little Field i i 25 

Croft o 3 25 

Well Field (otherwise Smithy Field) ..209 

Low Pit Field (part of Smithy Field) i 2 30 

Higher Elm Field 229 

Lower Elm Field... i 3 14 

Ploughing Field i i 28 

Middle Field i i 20 

Back Cottage Field i o 22 " 

The five last-named fields comprised the " one close 
formerly called ' Girlington,' " and were in the occupation 
of Widow Harrison. " Gir " is Gaelic for rough land on 
which " ling " or heather grows. " Ton " is the early term 
for a settlement, implying that the place had become 
enclosed. The present name, therefore, is not modern. 
Besides the purchase money of 3100, paid to the Widows 



86 History of Manningham. 

Brougham and Idle, a further sum of 1152 was paid to 
Captain Letch and others, and 1050 to Samuel and Henry 
Kershaw, making the total cost of the land, 5302. The 
estate was bounded by land belonging to Thomas and 
John Rollings, George Baron, and William and Lister 
Boiling, and several small exchanges took place before a 
compact site was obtained. 

THE HORNBLOW LANDS. 

As previously stated, the site of Girlington comprised 
the larger portion of the original grant of land made by 
John of Gaunt to his henchman, John de Northrop. 
James, in his " History of Bradford," says : " Twice every 
year John of Gaunt passed through Bradford on his way 
to and from Clitheroe and Pomfret Castles, in gorgeous 
state, attended by a large retinue, including the cornage- 
men of Bradford " " cornage " being another name for the 
tenure by which land was held by the service of blowing 
a horn. Of this band of retainers John de Northrop was 
chief. Descendants of the Northrop family continued in 
possession of a considerable portion of the land thus 
granted to their ancestor until the year 1851, when the 
Girlington Estate was disposed of to Sir Titus Salt and 
Mr. Henry Forbes. As John de Northrop's name appears 
in the list of tenants for services rendered by the holders 
of lands in Manningham in 1342, and is again mentioned 
in the poll or head tax taken by command of Richard II. 
in 1379, the holding had remained in the Northrop family 
for fully 500 years. 

THE NORTHROP FAMILY. 

At the risk of making this chapter unduly archaeological, 
it is but due to a Manningham family of such historic note 
as the Northrops to place upon record certain evidences 
which may give a clue to the future historian, especially 
as the Northrops have ceased to exist in Manningham. 
William Northrop, who made a will in 1541, mentions his 



History of Manningham. 87 

sons, John, George, and Richard, and his daughters, Jane, 
Elizabeth, Effamia, and Rosamund, and to each of them 
he left portions of his property. The rest he bequeathed 
to Isabel, his wife. In passing, the reader may note that 
lapse of time has almost allowed such charming names as 
Isabel, Effamia, and Rosamund to drop out of existence. 
Names like John and William, however, survive, almost 
to the distraction of the genealogist, who, in the absence of 
supporting evidence, is often at a loss to distinguish between 
several owners of the same name, and evidence is afforded 
in deeds subsequently quoted of the repeated alternation of 
the names John and William in the Northrop family. 

The Duchy of Lancaster Pleadings of 2/th Elizabeth 
(1585) mention a William Northrop as contesting his claim 
to certain land in Manningham, called Godbrigrode, Godbrig, 
or Godbrig-ing, " lying north of the lands of Wm. Northrop, 
and abutting on the river or water coming from the town 
of Bradford into Ayer," which Sir Walter Calverley, by 
deed dated 23rd Henry VIII., granted to John Northrop, 
father of the said William. This document is evidence 
that in 1532, if not earlier, the Northrop family had begun 
to extend their landed possessions, by purchase or other- 
wise, beyond the limits of the original grant made to their 
progenitor by John of Gaunt. The lands in question we 
take to have been Bolton Royds, which, so late as the 
survey of 1811, were partly in the possession of a Northrop, 
and descended to a Mr. Brougham by his marriage with 
a member of the family. 

The following abstract of an indenture of lease is 
interesting. It is dated 1621, and by it John Northrop, 
of Manningham, yeoman, leases to William Clayton, of 
Allerton, yeoman, a close of land in Manningham, called 
Round Hill ; also a close called Stythorne Acre ; half an 
acre of land enclosed in the east side of a field called the 
Lamb Close, and three roods enclosed in the Lamb Close, 
" adjoining on both sides by parcels of land held by copy 
of court roll, being the heritage of the said William 
Clayton, and parcels belonging to me (John Northrop) and 
held by charter in whosoever tenure they may be." 



88 History of Manningham. 

" Round Hill " formed part of the land which, in the 
assessment of the rectorial tithes in 1638, was described as 
" Hornman " (or Hornblow) lands, and assessed at 8 53- 
" Stythorne Acre " formed a portion of Bolton Royds, and 
in 1811 belonged to John Boiling, of Ilkley ; and Lamb 
Close was part of Westfield. In this deed William 
Northrop, father of the aforenamed John, and John 
Northrop, his grandfather, are referred to as former owners. 

In 1649 John Northrop, who was son and heir of John 
of 1621, released to Nicholas, son of John Crabtree, of 
Manningham, yeoman, for the sum of .80, " all that mes- 
suage in the occupation of Richard Jackson, with a garden 
and croft, called the Marl Croft, and the close called North 
Field, and two lands lying on the west part of the high- 
way leading from Frizinghall to Bradford, and adjoining 
to another lane leading to the house of Thomas Lister, 
and also the Little North Field abutting on the same lane 
and on the lands of the heirs of John Rollings deceased." 
The Crabtree family is one of the oldest in Manningham. 
In deeds of the above period the family is described as 
owners of Clock House, and so late as 1721 they held 
possession of that estate. 

COMMON FIELDS OF MANNINGHAM. 

The above indenture is of interest as affording some 
indication of the system of land tenure and cultivation in 
vogue in ancient times. The close called " North Field " 
was one of the common fields of the township of Manning- 
ham, when the land was tilled in common, and by the 
description given we are able to fix its position with 
accuracy. In the first place the land was sold by Northrop 
to Crabtree, doubtless because it lay near to Crabtree's 
land at Clock House. It is described as having been on 
the west side of the highway to Frizinghall, which then 
passed close to Clock House, and adjoining to the lane 
(the Jumbles) leading to the house of Thomas Lister, which 
was on or about the site of Manningham Hall. The North 
Field at that period would, therefore, form part of what is 



History of Manningham. 89 

now Lister Park. The two " lands " referred to were 
originally a portion of the common field, a " land," or strip 
of land, being generally about half an acre. Improved 
systems of cultivation and other causes led to the two 
" lands " having become detached, and have obliterated all 
traces of the ancient system of land cultivation in the North 
Field, but in very recent plans of the township the narrow 
strips in the West Field were clearly traceable. This 
common field was situated at the western end of Lawcroft 
(now Lilycroft) Lane, and in recent times belonged to the 
poor of Bingley. The ground is now covered by Mann- 
heim Road, Heidelberg Road, &c. The South Field of 
Manningham included the site of Picton Street and part 
of Southfield Square. 

DISPOSAL OF THE NORTHROP LANDS. 

Between the years 1674 and 1688 we find Lawyer 
Gregson, of evil repute, advancing 230 on bond to Jeremy 
Northrop and Jonas Northrop, of Manningham, who were 
described as yeomen and brothers. By indenture, dated 
the latter year, Jeremy Northrop and Grace, his wife, for 
the sum of .115, effected a mortgage with John Gregson, 
of Manningham, gentleman, upon a " messuage in Manning- 
ham, called Chellow Height, and two closes of land 
abutting upon a highway leading from Thievescore Bridge 
to Bingley, and on another highway leading from Allerton 
to Manningham, and one close of land called the Lamb 
Close in Manningham, and two other closes called Upper 
and Lower Whetleys, adjoining on the north to Whetley 
Green." 

These evidences afford indisputable proof that the large 
landed possessions of the Northrops were at the period 
referred to drifting into other hands, evidently because of 
the increasing poverty of the owners. Some of the 
Manningham property of the Northrops came into the 
possession of John Boiling, other portions were acquired by 
the Hodgsons, of Whetley, formerly of Birks, in Horton 
township. 



90 History of Manningham. 

The last male members of the Northrop family of 
Manningham were John and William Northrop, described 
as merchants, and living in 1782. John Northrop died 
intestate in 1788, leaving his only brother, William, his 
heir-at-law. The latter died in October, 1800, aged sixty- 
three years, as appears by a monument in the Bradford 
Parish Church. He left no male issue, his only son having 
died in 1788. By his will he devised to Ann, his wife, all 
his real and personal estate, together with a sum of ^250 
to erect the monument referred to ; also legacies to several 
cousins named Jowett, of Leeds, and .600 to his daughter 
Mary, wife of James Brougham, and 600 to the latter. 
Mrs. Northrop, the widow, died about 1820, at Walworth, 
in Surrey, leaving her estates to be equally divided between 
the children of James Brougham, her son-in-law, and Mary, 
his wife, and the children of Ann, the wife of John Idle, 
of London, her other daughter. By the death of William 
Northrop, in 1800, the male branch of the Manningham 
hornblower became extinct in the township. 

In the early part of the present century, however, it is 
evident that there remained considerable land in the posses- 
sion of the Northrop family in Manningham, Mrs. Ann 
Northrop, widow of William, being possessed of nearly 
the whole of Girlington ; the Cliffe Fields, opposite the 
entrance to Manningham Lodge, and afterwards purchased 
by Mr. Matthew Thompson ; the Three Nook Field, the 
site of Whetley Hill Reservoir ; a house and barn at 
the bottom of Church Street, occupied by Moses Drake ; 
a small mill at Brick Lane End, now Globe Mill ; a large 
field extending to the beck on the south side of Bolton 
Lane ; and the Southfield in Lumb Lane. 

COAL MIKING. 

To Mr. James Fairbank, of Warren Park, Gilstead, 
we are indebted for information respecting mining opera- 
tions in Girlington and immediate neighbourhood, that 
gentleman having been himself actively engaged in the 
pursuit of coal for many years, in addition to his know- 



History of Manningham. 91 

ledge of the operations of others similarly engaged. We 
are also indebted to the Vicar of Girlington (the Rev. 
George Pedley) for personally obtaining the information 
direct from Mr. Fairbank's lips, and also for other kind 
offices in reference to the account of Girlington contained 
in this chapter. 

It appears that from the commencement of the century 
to about the year 1843 coal was worked at Four Lane Ends 
by Messrs. Hardcastle, Aked & Co., who employed about 
150 men in that occupation. Messrs. Fairbank, who, from 
the year 1840 to 1850, had worked pits on the upper and 
lower estate at Allerton, began to sink for coal near the 
bottom of Whetley Lane in 1849, ar| d san k to a depth 
of ninety-six yards. In order to discover the dip of the 
seam, they also made borings on the site of Alston Mills 
to a depth of 106 yards. At this depth they came upon 
the water, which is especially suitable for wool -washing, 
and is so used by Messrs. Isaac Holden & Sons. In 
May, 1852, the seam of coal was reached on the site of 
Messrs. Holden's works. For about ten years Messrs. 
Fairbank employed from 150 to 200 men in mining 
occupations. Another pit existed west of Crossley 
Hall, at Fairweather Green, worked by John Balme and 
Benjamin Kaye, and transferred from them to Thomas 
Kaye and Edward Townend, of Cullingworth. This pit 
was begun about the year 1839 and worked out in 1850. 
At the period treated of, the only coal pits worked near 
to Bradford were those just referred to, and the pits at 
Bunker's Hill and Bowling. 



92 History of Manningham. 



CHAPTER IX. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY. 

V. 



Toller Lane Woodlands Angus Holden, M. P. Pierremont Alderman F. 
Priestman Manningham Thorp John Rand Drummond Family Manning- 
ham Lodge Matthew Thompson Sir M. W. Thompson Charles Semon. 



TOLLER LANE. 

Toller Lane, from its junction with Duckworth Lane 
townwards, is fringed with villas and residences of a superior 
character, several of which may be referred to with more 
or less of detail. 

WOODLANDS. 

Woodlands, the Bradford residence of Mr. Angus 
Holden, M.P., stands near the junction of Duckworth Lane 
with Toller Lane, and within a park of some extent. It 
is a modern residence, erected on or near the site of West 
House, a former residence of one of the Hollings family 
of Manningham. Like several other villa residences in 
Manningham, some of which are here referred to, Wood- 
lands is famous for the collection of pictures and other 
works of art within its walls. Mr. Holden is the eldest 
son of Sir Isaac Holden, Bart., of Oakworth House, and 
in 1849 became associated with his father in developing 
the machine woolcombing business, which has made the 
firm of Isaac Holden & Sons famous, both in France and 
England. Not only in business relations but public 
usefulness has Mr. Angus Holden established for himself a 
good reputation. From his youth upwards he was much 
interested in political questions, doubtless the result of the 



History of Manningham. 98 

stimulus received by him from his father, Sir Isaac Holden, 
a deep -thinking politician and reformer. In 1868, Mr. 
Holden first took a conspicuous part in local affairs, when 
he became a representative of the West Ward in the 
Bradford Town Council, and represented the ward for six 
years. He afterwards sat for the East Ward, and in 1878 
was elected to the Mayoral Chair. To this high position 
he was re-elected in 1879 ar "d 1880, and was again Mayor 
in 1886-7. During his Mayoralty Mr. Holden became uni- 
versally popular, his generosity and strong philanthropic 
instincts resulting in many praiseworthy endeavours towards 
the amelioration of the social condition of the industrial 
portion of the community. In 1885, on the first election 
after the Redistribution of Scats Act, Mr. Holden was 
returned in the Liberal interest for the Eastern Division of 
Bradford, but suffered defeat when contesting the seat in 
July, 1886. He was, however, returned by a large majority 
for the Buckrose Division, East Riding, in 1892, and still 
represents that division in Parliament. Mr. Holden married 
Margaret, eldest daughter of the late Daniel Illingworth, 
of Bradford, and sister of Mr. Alfred Illingworth. He has 
a numerous family. 

PIERREMONT. 

Pierremont, the residence of Alderman F. Priestman, 
is on the opposite side of Toller Lane to Woodlands. 
Alderman Priestman is the eldest son of the late John 
Priestman, and, after completing an ample education, entered 
the commercial concern which his father had already built 
up, first at the old Corn Mill in Millergate, and subsequently 
at Ashfield Mills, Thornton Road, which the firm of John 
Priestman & Sons erected. In conjunction with his brother 
Edward, Alderman Priestman still continues an active 
business life. Like the rest of his family, he is a member 
of the Society of Friends, and a life-long abstainer. The 
interest taken by him in the Band of Hope movement 
and temperance work generally is upon ample record. He 
was the founder of the Bradford Coffee Tavern Company, 
and its president from the first. He has been a member 



94 History of Manningham. 

of the Bradford Corporation since 1874, and filled the 
Mayoral Chair during the municipal year 1882-3. 



MANNINGHAM THORP. 

Manningham Thorp is of modern erection, and was 
built by the late John Rand, Esq., upon a plot of ground 
called in the early part of the century Brick Kiln Close, 
and purchased from the late Sir M. W. Thompson. Prior 
to this erection, Mr. Rand resided for about twenty years 
at Wheatley House, a former residence of Mr. John 
Rollings. The history of the Rand family is given in the 
Horton volume of this series, and may, therefore, be passed 
over with brief reference. Mr. Rand was the eldest son of 
his father, also named John, who erected Rand's Mill, in 
Horton Lane, now swept out of existence. He married a 
sister of the late Dr. Macturk, and died in June, 1873. 
His widow continued to live at Manningham Thorp until 
her death in 1884. The almshouses erected within the 
estate were built and endowed by Mrs. Rand. Subsequently 
Manningham Thorp was occupied by Mr. George Firth, of 
the firm of Firth, Booth & Co., merchants, Bradford. The 
present occupant, Mr. John Drummond, is representative 
of a family which has for a long period been associated 
with Manningham, both residentially and by commercial 
connection. The huge manufacturing premises in Lumb 
Lane were erected in 1856 by Mr. Drummond's father, the 
late James Drummond, who from 1848 to 1857 had 
occupied Lister's Old Mill at Manningham, during which 
time he resided at a good house fronting Heaton Road. 
He afterwards resided at Spring Lodge, Manningham 
Lane. The Lumb Lane Mills are still carried on under 
the auspices of his sons. 

MANNINGHAM LODGE. 

Another residence calling for special mention is 
Manningham Lodge. In 1812 Manningham Lodge was 
sold to Mr. Matthew Thompson by Josiah Jowett, of 



History of Manningham. 95 

Leeds, son and heir of John Jowett, who had previously 
resided there. The Jowetts were an old Manningham 
family. In the old township books we find the names of 
John Jowett, of Breck-yate, in 1669 ; John Jowett, of 
Brecks, in 1696 ; and John Jowett, skinner, of Breck Lane, 
in 1710. As already stated, "Breck Lane" was the old 
name for the road from Four Lane Ends to Westgate, 
part of which is now called Thornton Road. The lands 
adjoining to and belonging to Manningham Lodge were 
described in 1811 as the Horse Close, two Intakes, and 
Panewell Close, which, with two other closes, called 
Great Carlisle and Little Carlisle, on the north and 
south sides of the present Carlisle Road, were formerly 
included in the Northrop lands of Manningham. The 
Panewell Close formed, until recently, the site of the 
Manningham Cricket Ground, and is now occupied by 
dwellings. 

Mr. Matthew Thompson resided at Manningham Lodge 
until the year 1834. At his death the property went to 
his eldest son, the late baronet, who disposed of it to 
the late Mr. Charles Semon, Mr. Thompson having made 
it his residence prior to his removal to Park Gate. 
Mr. Semon lived there for some years. Subsequently the 
Lodge was enlarged and converted into two residences, 
which are occupied by Mr. Alfred Priestman and Mr. 
John Priestman. 

THE THOMPSONS. 

The fact that Manningham Lodge has included among 
its owners and occupiers Mr. Matthew Thompson and his 
son, the late Sir M. VV. Thompson, Mr. Chas. Semon, and 
two members of the Priestman family, would form a peg 
on which to hang a long story, if space permitted. The 
occasion, however, should not be allowed to pass without 
reference to at least two of the gentlemen named. 

Mr. Matthew Thompson was not a native of the 
borough, but from early manhood he was fully identified 
with its commercial interests, while his native energy led 
him to become one of its most enterprising inhabitants. 



96 History of Manningham. 

He and his brother Benjamin were the sons of the Rev. 
John Thompson, incumbent of Castleford. " Matthew " was 
a favourite name in the family, there having been a 
succession of Matthew Thompsons from the time of the 
great Revolution, and probably before. 

As young men entering upon life, Matthew and 
Benjamin Thompson were sent to learn the Bradford 
trade, the former being apprenticed to his uncle, Benjamin 
Peile, a dyer, in Thornton Road, while the latter learned 
the worsted trade with Richard Fawcett. In due course 
the premises still known as Thompson's Mill were erected 
for the brothers by their uncle Peile. By dint of that 
plodding industry which distinguished the early race of 
manufacturers, the brothers Thompson acquired consider- 
able wealth, and both invested in real estate. Benjamin 
purchased the Park Gate property in 1815 ; Matthew, as 
already shown, acquired in 1812 the Manningham Lodge 
estate. He married a daughter of the Rev. William 
Atkinson, of Thorparch, better known in his lifetime as 
" Parson Atkinson," who for the long period of sixty-two 
years was afternoon lecturer at the Bradford Parish Church. 
Mr. Matthew Thompson was for many years one of the 
most efficient magistrates in the West Riding, and until 
1834, when he retired from business, was one of the 
principal men engaged in the worsted industry ; indeed, he 
might justly be termed one of the fathers of the Bradford 
trade. He was equally distinguished for integrity of 
character and for his urbanity and kindness of disposition. 
Mr. Thompson died in September, 1847, in the sixty- 
seventh year of his age, and was interred at Bromley, in 
Kent. 

SIR M. IV. THOMPSON, BART. 

The late Sir Matthew William Thompson, Bart, was 
the eldest son of Mr. Matthew Thompson, and was born 
at Manningham Lodge. He graduated at Trinity College, 
Cambridge, where he took his M.A. degree in 1846, and in 
the following year he was called to the Bar. He practised 
in London up to the year 1857, when he retired from the 




.-ipplcton &* Co., Bradford. 

Sir MATTHEW WM. THOMPSON, Bart. 



History of Manning/tarn, 97 

Bar, and came to reside at Park Gate. Mr. Thompson 
married his cousin, the only surviving daughter of his 
uncle, Mr. Benjamin Thompson, of Park Gate, Guiseley, 
who, having married a daughter of Mr. William Whitaker, 
a partner in the Bradford Old Brewery, had acquired a 
considerable interest in that old-established concern. In 
addition to the pecuniary means falling to him by marriage, 
Sir Matthew inherited considerable wealth from his father. 
On acquiring the property at Park Gate he effected several 
important improvements upon the house and the estate, 
and went to reside there. Mr. Thompson entered the 
Town Council in 1858, and was Mayor in 1862, and again 
in 1871, being re-elected the following year. In 1873 the 
Bradford Town Hall was opened, and by common consent 
he was called upon to perform the ceremony, an event 
which was marked by a demonstration of no ordinary 
character. Mr. Thompson, in his capacity as Mayor, set 
about organising a ceremonial of a magnitude deserving of 
the occasion. The principal feature of the proceedings on 
the day of opening took the form of a gigantic procession 
commemorative of the ancient festival of Bishop Blaize, the 
" patron saint " of the worsted trade. During the same 
year the British Association held its annual session in 
Bradford, an event which entailed further responsibility on 
the Mayor, who dispensed his Mayoral hospitalities in a 
manner which earned for him general goodwill. In con- 
sideration of the services rendered by him as Mayor and in 
other capacities, a valuable service of plate was presented 
to Mr. Thompson in October, 1873, which service he pre- 
sented in turn to the Council for the use of his successors. 
He sat for a short time in Parliament as a representative 
of his native town. In 1870 he was elected chairman of 
the first School Board for Bradford. In December, 1879, 
Mr. Thompson was elected chairman of the Midland 
Railway Company, having for some time previously held a 
seat on the Board, and was also chairman of the Glasgow 
and South-Western Railway. In recognition of his being 
chairman of the Forth Bridge Company, Her Majesty the 
Queen conferred a baronetcy upon him in March, 1890. 
G 



98 History of Manningham. 

Sir Matthew died suddenly at Park Gate in December, 
1891. The deceased gentleman left three sons and two 
daughters, being succeeded in the baronetcy by his eldest 
son, the Rev. Peile Thompson. 



CHARLES SEMON. 

Mr. Charles Semon occupied a somewhat unique posi- 
tion in relation to Bradford, he being the only foreigner 
who has filled the Mayoral office in Bradford. This was 
in 1864-5. A German by birth, he became a naturalised 
Englishman in early manhood, and came to Bradford whilst 
the worsted industry was in its infancy For many years 
he was one of the largest merchants in Bradford, and was 
equally prominent in many of its benevolent enterprises. 
The Semon Convalescent Home at Ilkley is a monument 
to his generosity. Mr. Semon died in Switzerland in 1874. 



Mr. Alfred Priestman and Mr. John Priestman, who 
jointly occupy Manningham Lodge, are both gentlemen 
who have identified themselves with Bradford interests in 
various ways. 




History of Manningham. 99 



CHAPTER X. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY. 
VI. 

The Whetleys Holiings Family Joseph Rollings John Hollings Sally Kitching 
Hunting Tom Horsfall The "Lemon and White Pack" John Priestman 
The Hodgson Family Dicky Hodgson Manningham Coal Mining Lower 
Globe Inn William Kitching Upper Globe Inn Wood Family Black Abbey 
Dole Globe Mill. 

WHETLEY HILL AND WHETLEY LANE. 

In the old township maps of Manningham three 
Whetleys are mentioned, the only variation in the mode 
of spelling being that one of the houses so styled, latterly 
the residence of Mr. Abraham Grandage, was spelt 
" Wheatley," while the house opposite, at one time the 
abode of the late Mr. John Priestman, and a third, last 
occupied by the late Mr. Benjamin Illingworth, in Whetley 
Lane, were described as " Whetley " and " Whetleys." For 
convenience sake, we may take the three " Whetleys " 
as the subject of our present topographical survey of 
Manningham. 

The term " Whetley " is so suggestive of land suitable 
for growing wheat that we may be pardoned accepting 
that derivation. The terminal " ley " is generally used to 
signify low-lying land, and in the district in question that 
description will be found to be appropriate enough. The 
Manningham wheat lands on the west therefore extended 
from the Lower Globe at Whetley Hill to the east end of 
Girlington, taking in the low-lying land to the beck which 
divides Manningham from Horton. There were also two 
closes on the east of the township, lying on the slope of 
the hill near to Manningham Lane, and descending to the 



loo History of Manning/lain. 

Bradford Beck, which were called Lower Wheatlands early 
in the century, and were the property of Mr. William 
Duffield, of Town Hill House. 



THE HOLLINGS FAMILY. 

The three residences referred to above introduce us to 
several prominent Manningham men, of whom brief accounts 
may be given. In the early part of the present century, 
Wheatley House was the property and residence of Joseph 
Hollings, whose family was one of the oldest in the 
neighbourhood of Bradford. In ancient times there were 
branches of the family residing at Bolton, Allerton, 
Clayton, Cottingley, and Bradford, and Joseph Hollings 
was of the Cottingley stock. There was, however, a 
substantial branch of the Hollings family in Manningham 
at a very early date. In the survey of the rectorial 
tithes in Manningham, made during the year 1638, John 
Hollings was assessed for twenty-five acres of land. 
About the same date, Joseph Hollings had a house and 
lands in Manningham assessed at 18 35. The will of 
John Hollings, dated 1651, mentions a brother Thomas, 
also of Manningham, who, in 1645, was party to an 
indenture of lease of 

All that croft or close commonly called the Corn Croft, in 
Manningham, in the occupation of Thomas Hollins, as the same 
doth abut upon a lane on the north part leading from the northern 
end of the town of Manningham, and on the south side of the said 
town to the house of William Wilkinson, upon the land late of John 
Bradshaw on the east part, and upon the land of Richard Wilkinson 
on the west and south parts, yielding yearly the rent of one red rose 
in the time of roses if the same be demanded. 

The other party to the indenture was John Baumfurth, 
" son and heir of Isaac Bawmfurth, late of Manningham, 
deceased " ; the witnesses being John Sagar, Jo. Illingworth, 
and Jer. Rawson. The name of John Hollins appears in 
the Manningham assessment of 1699, but only for a small 
amount, and it is not met with in the town's books during 
the whole of the eighteenth century. We take it, therefore, 



History of Manningham. 101 

that the Rollings of Wheatley were an importation from 
Cottingley at a comparatively recent period. 

Joseph Rollings, of Wheatley, was a man of consider- 
able property, and is described by those who knew him as 
" a nice old gentleman." He was a bachelor, and not 
engaged in business, his means being ample enough 
without assistance from trade. His benevolence was well 
known, and few who sought his assistance were unsuccessful 
in obtaining it. His habit when abroad was to carry a 
quantity of copper in his coat pockets, which he gave 
to any who made him a bow a practice which was taken 
full advantage of by the boys of the neighbourhood. 

Joseph Rollings had a brother named Thomas, who 
resided at West House, Toller Lane, and was a stuff 
manufacturer. He erected Rollings Mill in Silsbridge 
Lane, where he carried on business. He had four sons, 
namely, Joseph, Isaac, Thomas, and John, three of whom 
were associated with their father in business. They, how- 
ever, failed to succeed, and matters had got so far that 
in the year 1845 the sale of the Rollings Mill property 
was determined upon, and the day of sale fixed. On the 
morning of that day Joseph Rollings died, leaving to his 
nephews his large possessions, and thus enabling them to 
stop the sale. All the nephews of Joseph Rollings died 
unmarried, except John Rollings, late of the Watchetts, 
Frimley, Surrey, who inherited the combined estates of 
his father and uncle. 

Mr. John Rollings married a daughter of the late 
Canon Mitton, of St. Paul's, Manningham, and for some 
time lived at Wheatley Hall. About 1867, however, Mr. 
Rollings disposed of much of his Manningham property, 
and purchased the Watchetts, where he died in February, 
1884, in his sixty-ninth year. 

Mr. John Rollings will long be remembered in 
Manningham for his purity of character and great benevo- 
lence. He was a devout Churchman, and not only erected 
St. Paul's Church, Manningham, at his own cost, but 
endowed the living. He was also one of the chief pro- 
moters of the " Ten Church Movement " in Bradford, and 



102 History of Manningham. 

himself undertook to find the funds for the erection of two 
new churches, viz. : St. Philip's, Girlington, and St. Mary's, 
Laisterdyke. Towards the erection of St. Luke's, Victor 
Road, he contributed upwards of 2000, and aided largely 
in the erection of St. Mark's, Manningham, and the church 
of St. Barnabas, Heaton, of which his brother-in-law, the 
Rev. H. A. Mitton, was the first incumbent. Beyond his 
contributions to church work, Mr. Rollings was a generous 
benefactor to many philanthropic objects, and a real friend 
of the poor of Manningham. 

Wheatley Hall is now among the things of the past. 
At the time of its erection it occupied a splendid position 
on the crown of Whetley Hill, a position since taken 
advantage of for the erection of a number of middle- 
class houses. 

SALLY K ITCH ING. 

On the opposite side of Whetley Hill there stood a 
good house, which within recent times has been known as 
Whetley House, or " Priestman's," from the fact that the 
late John Priestman, to whom reference has been inci- 
dentally made, resided there for a considerable time. At 
the beginning of the century, however, it was the property 
and abode of one " Sally Kitching," a maiden lady of 
means and of some repute in Manningham. She owned 
much land about Whetley Hill, besides other property. 
The house was erected by Thomas Wilkinson, a gentleman 
who, besides owning nearly all the land about Whetley 
Hill, extending as far as Lumb Lane, was possessed of 
twenty-three farms in various parts of Yorkshire. Miss 
Kitching was his housekeeper, and at his death she 
inherited nearly all these possessions. Miss Kitching died 
in 1822, when her estate was divided among her nephews 
and nieces. 

CAPTAIN HORSFALL. 

Succeeding her at Whetley House was Mr. Thomas 
Hill Horsfall, who purchased the property from Miss 
Kitching's executors. He was of the family of Horsfall, 



History of Manningham. 103 

of Goit Stock, afterwards of Bradford. Mr. Horsfall was 
one of the gentlemen of Manningham, and kept a pack 
of hounds and a few good horses, being generally known 
as " Hunting Tom Horsfall." He was the first captain of 
the Bradford troop of the 2nd West York Yeomanry 
Cavalry, disbanded in 1894. Mr. Horsfall enlarged Whetley 
House, but ultimately disposed of it to Mr. John Priestman, 
and went to reside at Thirsk. 

Mr. Horsfall was the owner for a time of the once 
celebrated " lemon and white pack " of hounds, formerly 
belonging to and kept at Manningham Hall by Mr. Ellis 
Cunliffe Lister. The huntsman was Jack Holmes, a noted 
sportsman of his day. The pack hunted the steep sides 
of Rombalds Moor, Thornton Heights, and all round 
Bradford. Squire Hirst, of Clayton, was a constant com- 
panion at the hunt, and Mr. Horsfall had an oil painting 
made of himself, Squire Hirst, and Jack, all in the saddle, 
surrounded by the hounds, which is in the possession of 
his descendants at Berlin. About the year 1835 Mr. 
Horsfall sold the pack to the late Sir Mathew Wilson, 
of Eshton Hall, and Jack Holmes was included in the 
bargain. After leaving Whetley to reside at Mount 
St. John's, Thirsk, Mr. Horsfall continued to keep up 
pleasant communications regarding Jack Holmes and the 
famous " lemon and white pack." 

JOHN PRIESTMAN. 

Mr. John Priestman was born in the year 1805, at 
the pretty village of Thornton, near Pickering, and died 
at Whetley Hill, in October, 1866, at the compara- 
tively early age of sixty-one. His family had been 
settled in the vale of Pickering for fully two hundred 
years. They belonged to the Society of Friends. When 
nineteen years of age, he removed to Bradford, and in 
1836 joined his brother-in-law, Mr. James Ellis, in the 
occupation of the Old Corn Mill. For fourteen years 
John Priestman pursued the occupation of a dusty miller, 
and might have been seen at the bottom of Mill Bank, 



104 History of Manningham. 

wearing the professional garb, and working as industriously 
as any of his labourers. His partner, Mr. Ellis, left Bradford 
in 1848, to reside in Ireland, and the philanthropic work 
which he did there has been already referred to. 

In 1838 Mr. Priestman commenced business as a stuff 
manufacturer at the Old Corn Mill, the same "power" 
that turned the millstones giving life and motion to the 
weaver's shuttle. Although this new departure had its 
origin in a desire to economise all the motive power in 
the Old Mill, Mr. Priestman soon found that the shuttle 
was a more rapid generator of wealth than the grinding- 
stone. In 1845 he accordingly removed the manufacturing 
department to Preston Street, and this was the beginning 
of the large concern known as Ashfield Mills. He also 
rented a mill at Great Horton. Meantime, in 1853, he 
resigned the milling business at the Old Corn Mill to 
James West and others. As a Liberal and a Quaker, 
John Priestman was a staunch advocate of religious liberty. 
In 1835 he, with his partner, Mr. Ellis, preferred to have 
their goods distrained upon rather than pay Church-rates. 
Owing to the resolute stand made by these gentlemen on 
that occasion, Church-rates were practically abolished in 
Bradford. A member of the Peace Society and a life-long 
teetotaller, Mr. Priestman devoted heart and soul to the 
advocacy of the cause of peace and temperance, and to 
the helping on of movements for the alleviation of moral 
and physical suffering. He was one of the founders of 
the Friends' Provident Institution, and for many years was 
chairman of the Board. 

Whetley House has now ceased to exist. After Mr. 
John Priestman's death Mrs. Priestman and two of her 
sons lived there for some time, the last occupier of it 
being Mr. John Spink. The open space below the grounds 
had already been covered with houses. 

THE HODGSONS OF WHETLEY. 

We have now to deal with the last of the three houses 
bearing the name of " Whetleys," namely, that which has 



History of Manningham. 105 

undergone recent demolition in Whetley Lane for the 
improvement of that thoroughfare. The old house was 
associated with the Hodgsons of Whetley a family of 
considerable importance in the early part of the present 
century. Whetley Lane is one of the old roads of 
Manningham leading almost directly from what was styled 
the "town" of Manningham to Four Lane Ends. It was 
frequently called Hodgson Lane, from the fact of its 
passing close to Whetley House, the former residence of 
the Hodgson family. 

The Hodgsons, however, had not a Manningham 
origin, but migrated from Birks, in Horton township, 
where they were located in 1650, if not earlier. In 1652 
Thomas Hodgson, of Birks, covenanted with one Henry 
Shawe, of Woodlesford, for his third part of Sams Mill, in 
Horton, the other two-thirds being already his inheritance. 
An inscription over a mantelpiece in the old house at 
Birks, which is still existing, gives the initials of Thomas 
Hodgson, and the date 1664, with the following motto : 



" My son, fear the Lord and the A'iftf, and meddle not with 
them that are given to change? 

In deeds of the period Thomas Hodgson is described as 
" merchant " and also as " woolstapler." A son of Thomas 
Hodgson was in 1690 resident at Birks, and has left his 
initials upon the doorway of an addition to the old house. 
He was also in possession of Sams Mill, where, upon a 
beam, is the inscription : 

" Sams Mill on Middle Broke. T. H., 1690." 

The probate of the will of Thomas Hodgson shows him 
to have been a man of substance, and to have left to a 
son Thomas his real estate. In 1757 Richard, Thomas, 
John, and William Hodgson, sons of Richard Hodgson, 
deceased, are described as " merchants," of Birks, in Horton. 
Richard and William Hodgson appear to have disregarded 
their ancestor's injunction, for they made a " change," and 
left Birks and crossed the valley to Manningham, in which 



106 History of Manningham. 

township they made many purchases of land. Existing 
records show them to have acquired much of the land in 
the neighbourhood of Whetley Lane, and in the higher 
parts of Manningham. 

Richard Hodgson died in February, 1795, aged seventy- 
four years. William Hodgson, of Whetley, married Mary, 
the sister of Nathan Jowett, of Clock House, who had a 
son and two daughters. Mary, the eldest, became the 
wife of Francis Simes, and Sarah married her cousin, the 
second Nathan Jowett, of Clock House. The only child 
of the latter was Sarah Jowett, who, dying unmarried, left 
her estates to the late George Baron, of Drewton. These 
estates formed part of the property involved in the famous 
" Clock House case." 



" DICKY HODGSON." 

The only son of William Hodgson, of Whetleys, was 
Richard, born 1762, who died in 1826. This gentleman, 
better known in his day and generation as " Dicky Hodg- 
son," was educated for the legal profession, he having served 
his articles with Mr. George Barber, attorney, Bradford, but 
the ample means which came to him rendered it unneces- 
sary that he should follow the legal profession. " Dicky 
Hodgson " was a keen sportsman, and was, in Manningham, 
master of a small but notable pack of harriers. He 
dressed in the costume prevailing among country gentle- 
men of his day, which comprised brown coat, swan's down 
striped waistcoat, drab kerseymere knee-breeches, grey 
stockings, and low shoes. He was an incessant talker, and 
abounded in legal and sporting anecdotes. 

One story he was very fond of telling, which is not 
without its interest even at this day. " Dicky" on one 
occasion ,had to contest with a claimant who sprang up 
and disputed his title to a portion of his estate, and the 
suit was heard at York Assizes. At the outset he was 
worsted by his opponent, who for some time before the 
assizes came on had secured all the leading counsel travel- 
ling the Northern Circuit. Strong in the belief that his 



History of Manningham. 107 

title was indisputable, Mr. Hodgson was not discouraged, 
observing to his lawyer that if he did not meet with a 
counsel to his mind when arriving at York he would be 
his own counsel. Accordingly he and his lawyer appeared 
at the Castle on the first day of the assizes, when he 
formed the singular determination of selecting his counsel 
by a physiognomical test. 

After carefully scanning the various barristers in court, 
"Dicky" remarked to his lawyer: "I rather like the looks 
of that young man sitting there to the left. Ask him if he 
is willing to accept a brief. If I am not much mistaken, 
there is both law and sense in that head." An interview 
between the lawyer and the barrister immediately followed, 
when the barrister said to " Dicky" " I may at once tell 
you, sir, that this is the first time I have travelled any 
circuit, and yours is the first brief ever offered to me." 
" Dicky" replied " I like you none the worse for that, but 
all the better for your candour." 

A consultation took place, and the necessary title 
deeds and documents were handed over to the young 
barrister. As he was leaving the room, "Dicky" said 
" By the way, I never inquired your name." " Law, sir, 
is my name." " All right," said " Dicky," " having got Law 
on our side we must be right." That was on the first 
day of the Assizes. 

On the third day, " Dicky" Hodgson's case was called, 
when his counsel, having the onus probandi upon him, 
entered fully into the merits, and for over two hours 
riveted the attention of the court, especially the legal 
occupants of it, who had never put eyes upon him before. 
At the close of the case the Judge told the jury that the 
law was unquestionably on the side of the defendant, as 
his counsel had proved in a speech which would have done 
honour to a veteran ; and, without retiring, the jury gave 
an instant verdict for the defendant. Upon hearing this, 
" Dicky" Hodgson, disregarding the proprieties of law 
court procedure, shouted out to his counsel : " Young man, 
if you live to die of old age, you will be either Lord Chief 
Justice or Lord Chancellor!" He was so far right that 



108 History of Manningham, 

young Law, to whom he gave his first brief, afterwards 
became the celebrated Lord Chief Justice Ellenborough, 
and " Dicky" Hodgson lived to congratulate him on his 
elevation. 

Mr. Hodgson married his cousin, the daughter of John 
Hodgson, of Bierley, and died in April, 1826, aged sixty- 
four years, bequeathing the bulk of his large property to 
his only surviving sister, Mary, married to Francis Simes, 
at whose death a few years after that of her brother, it 
was bequeathed to Miss Sarah Jowett, of Clock House. 

From the terms of an indenture made in 1796 
between Richard Hodgson, of Whetleys, Joseph Wroe, of 
Bowling, and Samuel Clayton, of Horton, the first named 
granted a " Lease of the Lower Delf Close and Middle 
Field in Manningham, belonging to Richard Hodgson, to 
get coals and minerals therefrom, with conveniences for the 
sale thereof upon the ground, the said close adjoining to 
another close called the Upper Intack, paying to the said 
Richard Hodgson 17 IDS. for every statute rood of ground 
undermined." The ground so leased was on the upper side 
of Snakehill Lane, and coal was also obtained in Whetley 
Lane and at the bottom of Squire Lane. 

THE LOWER GLOBE. 

The little colony of houses at the foot of Whetley 
Hill was in the survey of 1811 distinguished as "Whetley," 
and consisted of an old hostelry called the Lower Globe 
and a number of cottages, with barn, smithy, &c., in the 
" fold " adjoining, and an open space adjoining to White 
Abbey Road. It is little different in its appearance at 
present, except that the two yew trees which grew in 
front of the inn have disappeared. William Kitching was 
then the owner and landlord of the Lower Globe,. and at 
that period it was the only public-house in that portion 
of Manningham. His father was John Kitching, whose 
initials appear upon the adjoining barn, which he erected 
in 1748. 

By an indenture before us, dated 1751, Ann Boiling, 



History of Manningham. 109 

of Baildon, gentlewoman, leased to John Kitching, stone- 
mason, of Whetleys, a messuage and barn and two closes 
of land called Upper and Lower Whetley, at the yearly 
rental of 10 IDS., Mrs. Boiling paying the taxes. On 
her death, in 1773, there was a sale of her property, and 
a few items from the bill of her lawyer, Mr. Hemingway, 
run thus : 

s. d. 
Drawing advertisement of sale at the Globe by auction, 

and fair copy for printer 2 o 

Paid for advertisement ... ... 2 o 

Paid reckoning at the Globe when the tenants paid 

their rents 5 8 

From the above references it appears that the Globe 
Inn was an hostelry in 1773, and probably long before. 
Being upon the old road to Keighley, it would be a 
convenient baiting-house upon entering or leaving Bradford. 
Indeed, there are persons living who remember the sound 
of the coachman's horn as he passed through White Abbey. 
Opposite the Lower Globe a few minutes' halt was made, 
and a little breathing time given the horses prior to 
ascending the steeps of Whetley Hill. Under any circum- 
stances, it was a stiff pull, and occasionally was too much 
for the poor animals, which have been seen to drop down 
from over-exertion. The road was very bad over Cottingley 
Moor, where, it is said, a coach which missed the proper 
road was once submerged in a quagmire ! 

The Lower Globe was also used for the transaction 
of the township affairs of Manningham, as appears by 
references in the old town's books. 



WILL KITCHING. 

William Kitching, the landlord, to whom reference 
has been made, also carried on the trade of a butcher. 
He was the nephew of Miss Sally Kitching, who was the 
owner of Whetley House, just above the Lower Globe, and 
he belonged to the public-house and the property about 
Globe Fold. He died in the prime of life, and his widow 



no History of Manningham. 

was married to John Jarratt, who kept the Lower Globe. 
Their son, Edward Jarratt, long resided in a portion of 
the house in which he was born. William Kitching's 
children included a son, John, and three daughters, among 
whom his property was divided. John or Jack Kitching 
got several houses and the public-house, which he let off, 
and lived alone in an adjoining cottage. He was a bit of 
a " wastrel," and died unmarried, and his portion of the 
property went to his sister, who married Mr. Edward 
Whitley, formerly of Bingley. The Kitching family has, 
therefore, died out in Manningham. 

What is now the Upper Globe Inn was at the beginning 
of the century a farmhouse, in the occupation of Jeremiah 
Ambler, and the property of Miss Kitching. It afterwards 
passed into the possession of John Ledgard, who for some 
years was the landlord, and was succeeded by his widow. 
For many years prior to the incorporation of Bradford, 
the town's business of Manningham was transacted at 
the Upper Globe. 

The Corporation reservoir at Whetley Hill is a portion 
of the works acquired from the old Company in 1854, 
and receives its supply from the Manywells Springs at 
Hewenden. It is of small capacity, and a mere unit 
compared with the present stupendous water system of the 
Bradford Corporation. 

THE WOOD FAMILY. 

The Wood family of Manningham were of some 
standing at the beginning of the century. The will of 
John Wood, woolstapler, of Manningham, was proved in 
1772, in which document he devised his estate to his sons, 
Samuel and Nicholas Wood. Samuel, the' elder son, 
succeeded to the occupancy of his father's house and farm, 
at the end of Lilycroft Lane, and he built a number of 
cottage-houses between Church Street and Back Lane, 
Manningham. The Rev. Nicholas Wood inherited this 
property. Another family, or branch of the Wood family, 
owned the Abbey Field, and upon it erected the numerous 



History of Manningham. ill 

houses in Wood Street, White Abbey. This street was 
"laid out" for building land in 1811, and about 1820 was 
built upon as it now exists by John, Isaac, and Job 
Wood, the tenants of the dwellings being principally hand- 
combers. The public-house known as the Victoria Inn 
was afterwards erected by Job Wood. 

White Abbey Wesleyan Chapel, just opposite the inn, 
was erected in 1837 upon a field belonging to the Rev. 
Godfrey Wright, a very large landowner in Bradford. The 
price paid was 45. per yard. The site possessed the 
singular name of the Great Brazenhead Field, and had 
previously belonged to Richard Wright. 

BLACK ABBEY. 

By an indenture made in 1686, between William Field, 
of Bradford, gent., on the one part, and Thomas Ledgard, 
yeoman, and James Denham, salter, of the other part, 
conveyance was made by Field to the two last-named of 
"All that half part of a messuage, called Black Abbey, 
then in the occupation of William Field, and half part of 
all those four closes of land adjoining the messuage called 
the Abbey Croft, the Far Old Earth, the Nar Old Earth, 
and the Middle Old Earth." The messuage and closes 
named were in Bradford township, and near the top of 
City Road, formerly Brick (or Breck) Lane, and, therefore, 
closely adjoining the Manningham boundary. 

This was known as Field's Charity, or the Black Abbey 
Dole. William Field bequeathed a portion of his property 
as described in trust to Thomas Ledgard and James 
Denham, the rents of which were to be applied to the 
uses of the poor of Bradford. In 1884, fresh trustees were 
appointed by the Charity Commission, and there is reason 
to believe that the funds accruing are well administered. 

Black Abbey was of some importance when, at the 
beginning of the century, Tommy Claye lived there, and 
was noted for his nice garden, remarkable as containing 
beds of ranunculas of the purest strain. His brother, 
Jimmy Claye (for by such familiar names did the older 



112 History of Manningham. 

generation style each other), was parish clerk in Vicar 
Crosse's time. The Claye family, however, have passed away, 
and so has the favourite flower which at one period seems 
to have been a specialty at Black Abbey, for it would be 
difficult to meet with a bed of ranunculas within many miles 
of Bradford. One Thomas Claye, a member of the above 
family, died at Stockport in 1879, having been born at 
Black Abbey in 1784. He had thus reached the patriarchal 
age of ninety-two years. During his seventy years' residence 
in Stockport he attained to a high position, socially, but 
ever retained a lively interest in Black Abbey, and all 
that belonged to the Bradford of that period. He went 
to Longbottom's School, in the King's Arms Yard, and had 
for schoolfellows three members of the Duckitt family, and 
two of the Boyes's, of Silsbridge Lane, who were Leeds 
carriers, and afterwards removed to Black Abbey. 

GLOBE MILL. 

What is known as Globe Mill, situate between City 
Road and White Abbey Road, is chiefly interesting in 
order to direct attention to its name. This is really 
the original Brick Lane Mill. The property was offered 
at auction in 1861, the owner being then Mr. William 
Fairbank, of Allerton Grange, and the sale plan describes 
a plot of ground adjoining as " Breaks Close." The 
latter is the more correct term, the name originally 
borne by City Road having no reference to the making 
of bricks. In old deeds it is called " Brecks," meaning 
that the ground had been cleared of surface stone. The 
name of Brick Lane was changed to City Road by 
resolution of the Building Committee of the Corporation 
passed March 3rd, 1875. 



History of Manningham. us 



CHAPTER XI. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY. 
VII. 



Liljrcroft Farm Tradesmen's Home Origin of Manningham Mills Ellis Cunliffe 
Lister Lord Masliam James and Thomas Ambler The Silk Manufacture- 
Great Fire at Manningham Mills Trees Farm The Cowgill Family. 



LIL YCROFT. 

Lilycroft or Lawcroft is a part of Manningham which 
has of late years undergone such alteration that it is 
doubtful if the old landmarks can be traced. In ancient 
surveys Lawcroft was the name given to a close of land 
upon which the Tradesmen's Home now stands, which was 
sold, in 1758, to William Kitching, innkeeper, for 196, 
being at the rate of 6$ an acre. The land afterwards 
came into the possession of Richard Hodgson, of Whetley. 
The field adjoining to it was called The Butts. The " West 
Field " of Manningham was situate in Lawcroft Lane. 

The fields comprising Lilycroft Farm, about thirty-six 
acres, belonged to Ellis Cunliffe Lister in the early part of 
the century, the farmhouse being at the Heaton Road end 
of the lane. Lilycroft Farm was then occupied by Thomas 
Hudson, afterwards by James Murgatroyd, and in more 
recent times by Jere. Dixon. Several of the fields became 
absorbed by the erection of Manningham Mills, but the 
land extended backwards for some distance. 

THE TRADESMEN'S HOME. 

Before dealing with the Manningham Mills estate, 
however, reference may be made to a notable institution, 
H 



114 History of Manningham. 

situate at Lilycroft, namely, the Bradford Tradesmen's 
Home. 

The idea of a Home for decayed Tradesmen was 
suggested by the administration of the affairs of the 
Bradford Tradesmen's Benevolent Institution. A proposal 
was made in 1868 to erect thirty houses, to be tenanted, 
free of rent, rates, and taxes, by pensioners of the Trades- 
men's Benevolent Society and other elected recipients. An 
excellent site for the building was purchased at Lilycroft, 
and in due time the foundation stone was laid by Sir 
Titus Salt, Bart. The building plan comprehended thirty 
houses, built on three sides of a square, but the first 
subscription only justified a beginning with the central 
portion. While the works were in progress fresh subscrip- 
tions were obtained, and finally a munificent donation 
of two thousand guineas from Sir Titus enabled the 
promoters to complete the original design. 

The thirty homes were all occupied by the early part 
of the year 1870, the total cost of erection being about 
15,272. During the years 1877 and 1878 another block 
of thirteen houses was erected on the fourth side of the 
square, by the late Mrs. Eliza Wright, at a cost of 5209, 
in memory of her husband, the late Mr. Isaac Wright, and 
their son Mr. Charles Henry Wright. Mr. John Cockshott 
Wright also gave 1000, the interest upon which was to 
be applied in keeping in repair the thirteen houses built 
by his mother. In the centre of the northern block is a 
neat and lofty hall that will seat about three hundred 
persons, in which a religious service, open to the public, 
is held every Sunday. 

ORIGIN OF MANNINGHAM MILLS. 

The origin of Manningham Mills marks an epoch, not 
only in the history of Manningham, but in that of the 
worsted trade generally. At the period when their erection 
was contemplated the worsted industry was just emerging 
from the old processes of combing, spinning, and weaving, 
principally by hand and partly by the aid of steam power. 



History of Manningham. us 

The introduction of cotton warps had given a great stimulus 
to worsted manufactures, and factories were springing up 
all round Manningham, but up to the year 1837 not one 
had as yet been started in it. From a return of hand- 
loom weavers taken throughout the district, which was 
obtained about this time, we learn that there were about 
two hundred hand-looms at work in Manningham township, 
which was a small number compared with such places as 
Great and Little Horton with 1768, Clayton 1633, and 
Thornton-cum-Denholme with 2000. In 1837, however, 
Mr. Ellis Cunliffe Lister, of Manningham Hall, then one 
of the members of Parliament for Bradford, proposed to 
erect a factory in Manningham for his sons, John Cunliffe 
Lister (who took the name of Kay), and Samuel Cunliffe 
Lister (now Lord Masham). He also entered into nego- 
tiations with James Ambler, offering him a partnership in 
the business, and the original Manningham Mill was built, 
and was ready for occupancy in 1838. In February, 1839, 
one of the most severe storms ever experienced in these 
parts came from the west, and struck the mill with such 
fury as to throw it all askew. It was, however, straightened 
without being pulled down, and filled with machinery. 
The original building stood about eighty yards west of 
Heaton Road, and about the same distance north of 
Lilycroft Lane. Although considered a large undertaking 
for the period, Manningham Mills as then built were of 
very insignificant proportions compared with the stupendous 
structure of to-day. In the rate-books of 1839 the gross 
estimated rental of the spinning mill, counting-house, 
mechanics' shops, reservoirs, &c., is put down at .644, 
and the ratable value at 536. 

Mr. James Ambler was a mechanical genius, and not 
only drew the plans for the new mill, but was mainly 
responsible for fitting up the spinning and weaving machinery 
with which it was furnished. The present Lord Masham, 
however, took an active part in the work of erection. He 
superintended the building operations on the spot, and at 
the quarries at Daisy Hill, belonging to his father, from 
whence the stone was got. When the mill was erected a 



116 History of Manningham. 

row of twelve cottages for the workpeople was built on 
the east side of it, and about a year later another row 
was erected fronting to Heaton Road. 

Mr. James Ambler was a worsted spinner at Wilsden 
early in the present century, and in the year 1819, 
when Mr. Joseph Hargreaves began business at Frizing- 
hall Mill, he engaged Mr. Ambler to manage the concern. 
While still carrying on his Wilsden business, Mr. Ambler 
accepted the engagement, and accordingly took up his 
residence at White House, a homestead still standing 
near the canal at Frizinghall. After a few years he 
removed to the Old Hall at Frizinghall. From very 
early years his son, Mr. Thomas Ambler, was brought 
into active connection with the worsted industry, and 
so proficient did he become that when he arrived at 
manhood he was engaged by Miss Hargreaves, a sister of 
Joseph Hargreaves, and a very active business woman, to 
manage a little worsted mill which she ran at Burley 
Woodhead. In a while Mr. Ambler began spinning and 
weaving on his own account at another small mill at 
Burley Woodhead. On the completion of Manningham 
Mill, Mr. Thomas Ambler was induced to leave Burley 
Woodhead to undertake a position in the new concern 
at Manningham. His father, Mr. James Ambler, took 
up his residence at Trees Farm, Manningham, and lived 
there for many years. Mr. Thomas Ambler occupied a 
house erected for him near the works in Heaton Road. 
He was principally engaged in buying and selling for the 
firm. 

During the year 1841 the lamented death of Mr. 
W. C. Lister, the eldest son of Mr. Ellis Cunliffe Lister, 
who had succeeded his father as one of the members for 
Bradford, brought his brother, John Cunliffe Kay, into 
the position of heir of William Kay, Esq., of Cottingham, 
who died in 1842, and that induced him to withdraw from 
the worsted business. Meanwhile, Mr. S. C. Lister and 
Mr. James Ambler concentrated their energies on the 
development of appliances for combing wool by machinery, 
with a success which has become historic, and to which 



History of Manningham. 117 

further reference will be made in a subsequent chapter. 
The large shed being more suitable for the purpose of 
wool-combing, Manningham Mill was let to tenants, among 
whom were Mr. James Drummond, Mr. John Hill, Mr. 
Edward Salt, and Mr. Wooller. 

Mr. Thomas Ambler went into business on his own 
account for a while, but in about two years joined 
Mr. Lister and his father at Manningham Mills. He 
subsequently established the business at Atlas Mills, 
Thornton Road, in connection with two of his sons, 
Mr. James Anderson and Mr. John Ambler, and died 
at Oakfield, Manningham, in May, 1893, in the eighty- 
fourth year of his age. He was a Justice of the Peace 
of the borough, and the first churchwarden at St. Paul's, 
Manningham. 

It may not be generally known that about this time 
there was a probability that the stupendous manufacturing 
pile, now known as Manningham Mills, would be erected 
elsewhere than where it now stands. The original mill 
and adjoining land were the property of Mr. John Cunliffe 
Kay, Lord Masham's elder brother, who now (1895) resides 
near Canterbury, in Kent. Upon his retirement from 
the worsted business, a price for Manningham Mill and 
the adjoining land was offered to him by Mr. S. C. Listen 
which for some time was not accepted. Meanwhile, 
Mr. S. C. Lister was on the look-out for another site on 
which to erect premises for machine wool-combing, which 
at that period was his absorbing interest. Upon the advice 
of his surveyor, Mr. Joseph Smith, cf Bradford, however, 
Mr. John Cunliffe Kay determined in 1869 to close with 
his brother's offer, and the estate passed into the hands 
of the present Lord Masham. 

SUBSEQUENT EVENTS. 

The subsequent phases of development at Manningham 
Mills may be lightly passed over, although they equal and 
in some respects surpass in interest anything that has 
occurred in the commercial history of Bradford. The fact 



118 History of Manningham. 

that Manningham Mills, as now constituted, form the 
largest silk works in Europe suggests a theme which might 
be legitimately enlarged upon, if we were writing a commer- 
cial instead of a topographical sketch. The fact remains, 
however, and it is due to that untiring perseverance and 
inventive genius which has throughout life distinguished 
Lord Masham. The chief specialty is the manufacture of 
spun silk from silk waste. At an enormous outlay 
premises were erected and machinery procured until the 
desired end was in view, when there occurred the great 
fire in February, 1871, and Manningham Mills were burned 
to the ground, damage being done amounting to nearly 
^70,000. Disastrous as was this memorable conflagration, 
it was the occasion of the erection of the present stupen- 
dous pile, the largest and most complete silk factory in 
Europe. 

The premises cover about twelve acres of ground, and 
comprise altogether about sixteen acres of flooring. They 
have a frontage to Heaton Road of 350 yards, and extend 
westward about 150 yards. The massive chimney is 25oft. 
in height. In 1889 the firm became a limited company, 
under the title of Lister & Co., Limited. 

THE TREES FARM. 

The site of the estate which used to be known as 
The Trees at Manningham is so completely obliterated 
that a verbal description would fail to assist in identifying 
the spot. The ground upon which it stood is now bounded 
by North Park Road, Victor Road, Heaton Road, and 
Oak Lane. In old times North Park Road was known 
as Hesp Lane. Broad Lane, alias " The Jumbles," is 
represented by Victor Road, while Oak Lane, so far as 
it extended, was known as Duce Lane. Oak Lane has 
of late been carried forward to join Heaton Road. In 
former times an occupation road, called Dark Lane, 
probably well named, led directly to The Trees from 
"The Jumbles," and a footpath from the end of Skinner 
Lane formed another approach. This footpath, after passing 



History of Manningham. 119 

The Trees, emerged into Broad Lane, and formed part of 
a favourite walk from Manningham to Heaton. 

The Trees was one of the ancient settlements of 
Manningham. In the oldest town's book extant, under date 
February, 1670, John Jowett, of The Trees, is mentioned as 
filling the office of constable of Manningham for that year. 
His colleagues in office were Thomas Lister, John Crabtree, 
Jonas Northrop, and Will. Wilkinson, all old Manningham 
names. In an indenture, dated 1749, made between Robert 
Ramsden, of Clayton, and Thomas Cowgill, yeoman, of 
Manningham, for the sum of 850, Ramsden released to 
Cowgill "all that mansion called Trees in Manningham, 
with twelve closes of land abutting upon and belonging 
the same, called the Rook Croft, Great and Little Intack, 
Great Croft, Halfacre, Northfield, Maul Croft, Buckgreave, 
Flackroyd, Clayroyd, Holme, and Three-nooked Close." 
These fields did not all lie in immediate contiguity to 
the homestead at Trees, but extended to the low-lying 
lands adjoining the Bradford Beck, and included a portion 
of Bolton Royds and Oak Avenue. Other lands were 
subsequently added to the estate, including New Copy 
and Four Day Work Closes and a garden, all now absorbed 
in Lister Park. During the life of Mr. Ellis Cunliffe Lister 
an exchange of lands took place between that gentleman 
and the Cowgill then in possession of The Trees estate, 
in order to make the lands comprising the present Lister 
Park more compact. As already stated, Mr. James Ambler 
resided at The Trees for a number of years. Trees Farm 
was purchased of the Cowgills by John CunlifTe Kay, and 
it was disposed of by him to his brother, Mr. S. C. Lister. 

The Cowgills are an old Manningham family. Thomas 
Cowgill, already referred to, took a prominent part in the 
affairs of the township in his day. He was succeeded at 
Trees by his nephew, William Cowgill, who came from 
White Moor Side, near Colne, and who had four sons, 
viz. : James, who lived at Priestfield, Colne, and inherited 
from his father two farms at Wyke ; John, who lived at 
and inherited from his father a farm at Allerton, called 
Bailey Fold ; William, who inherited from his father a 



120 History of Manningham. 

farm in Back Lane, Manningham, where he lived, also 
the Upper and Lower Bolton Royds, which he disposed of 
to Mr. J. G. Horsfall. About the year 1852 he went to 
reside at Broughton. Brian Cowgill, the youngest son, 
succeeded his father at Trees, both in residence and as 
owner of the property. He was the father of the late Mr. 
William Cowgill, land agent, Bradford, who for forty 
years was steward to the late Sir Mathew Wilson, Bart. 
Brian Cowgill left The Trees Farm in 1829, and went to 
reside near Draughton. In 1842 he went to live at 
Marton, near Skipton, where he died in 1874. On leaving 
Manningham, he leased The Trees Farm to Edward 
Lambert, who had married one of his sisters, and in 1836 
disposed of the property to Mr. John C. Kay. Edward 
Lambert subsequently lived at the Oak House Farm, 
which he inherited from his father-in-law, William Cowgill, 
sen., the site of which is now absorbed in the Oak estate. 
Prior to that, however, he erected a house in North Park 
Road, where he resided. It is somewhat singular that 
Mr. Samuel E. Wilson, who married a Miss Ambler, 
after residing at the original " Trees," purchased Lambert's 
house in North Park Road, which he styles " The Trees," 
thus perpetuating the old name. Edward Lambert's son 
James was well known as the Manningham postman. 







I 
o 



uj 
03 



O 

I 



111 

X 



History of Manningham. 121 



CHAPTER XII. 

TOP OCR A PHICA L S UR VE Y. 
VIII. 

Helliwell's Farm Skinner Lane Mount Pleasant Hornblow House The 
Bradford Horn Frankland Family Salt Street and Freehold Land Society- 
Carlisle Road Manningham Old Hall Tonge Lands Boilings Margerisons. 

MANNINGHAM TOWN. 

The neighbourhood of St. Paul's Church is probably 
the oldest portion of the " town " of Manningham. Until 
about fifty years ago there was an open green where the 
church stands, to the east of which was an old farmhouse. 
During the early part of the century this farm was 
occupied by Jeremiah Brook. By the present generation 
it will be remembered as Helliwell's Farm. John Helliwell 
was both farmer and cattle dealer. The farm belonged to 
Mr. Francis Sharp Bridges, of Horton Old Hall, whose 
property was inherited by Sir Francis Sharp Powell, 
M.P. A sketch of Helliwell's Farm is given, taken from 
a drawing made of it when existing by Miss Catherine 
Macturk, and given to the author by that lady shortly 
before she left Bradford to reside in Germany. The site 
of Helliwell's Farm would now be sought for in vain, 
except for the explanation offered. The township stocks, 
a now obsolete form of punishment, were placed at the 
end of a footpath leading to the farmhouse : hence the 
name, " Stocks Green." The name of Helliwell occurs in 
the earliest surveys of Manningham extant, John Helliwell 
having been occupier of the farmstead in Low Lane long 
before it became known as the Spotted House Inn. 

Skinner Lane and its environments have undergone so 



122 



History of Manningham. 



much alteration that its former aspect has been entirely 
changed. Formerly, it was the only outlet from Manning- 
ham to Duce Lane (now Oak Lane), which obtained its 
name from one Dewhirst (locally pronounced " Duce ") 
having been long resident there. In the square house 
which is still standing in Skinner Lane Jonas Booth lived 
with his maiden sister, Catherine. Booth was one of the 
old race of stuff-makers, his warehouse being in the rear 
of his house. He died in 1837, bequeathing his property 




Manningham Stocks. 

to his sister, who died in the following year. Booth 
appears to have sprung from the immediate locality. From 
an abstract of title, dated 1786, made between Benjamin 
Newton Bartlett and Jonas Booth, of Shipley Fields, stuff- 
maker, it is recited that for the sum of 350 paid by him, 
there were released to him "all that messuage and three 
closes of land in Manningham, called the Lamb Croft 
and the two Lilycrofts." The Skinner Lane property was 
in 1845 purchased from Thomas Booth Brear by Mr. John 
Denby, woolstapler, who gave the name of "Manor House" 



History of Manningham. 123 

to an adjoining residence, which he improved, but the 
name is not derived from any association with the manor. 
On the opposite side of Skinner Lane, in an old-fashioned 
house, resided Mr. Jeremiah Ambler, sen., founder of the 
family now represented by Mr. John Ambler, of Midland 
Mills, Valley Road. Near the top of Skinner Lane there 
formerly stood a farmhouse, where Thomas, or "old Tom," 
Rhodes lived ; his son, Isaac, or " Butcher " Rhodes, being 
well known in the locality. A footpath passed the corner 
of Rhodes's farm to Trees. 

Mount Pleasant is the name given to half-a-dozen 
houses situated near the top of the old portion of Oak 
Lane, which were erected about seventy years ago by 
Thomas Halliday. It is well named ; the situation is still 
" pleasant," and at the period of their erection it must 
have been pleasing indeed. On the opposite side of the 
lane there were originally four old cottages, to which, in 
1836, Mr. Joshua Wadsworth, the owner, added a residence 
for Mr. Thomas Baines, manufacturer. Mr. Baines used 
the cottages behind as " taking-in rooms " for hand wool- 
combers and weavers' work. After living there for some 
years, Mr. Baines purchased a large quantity of land on 
Cottingley Moor, then mere waste, which he planted with 
trees and cultivated, and upon it erected Stock House. 
During his residence at Stock House Mr. Baines took 
considerable interest in the affairs of the village of 
Cottingley, and especially in the erection of the " Town 
Hall " there. For a number of years Mr. Baines ran 
Cottingley Mill. He was succeeded at the house in Oak 
Lane by Mr. Henry Briggs, a gentleman of some repute 
as a picture dealer and decorative painter. 

HORNBLOW HOUSE. 

Any plan of Manningham fifty years ago will give a 
better idea of the great alteration which has taken place in 
the appearance of the village than a column of descriptive 
matter, and we must be content with noting a few of the 
old places. Near the top of Church Street there formerly 



124 History of Manningham. 

stood a block of houses, the date upon one of them 
indicating that it was erected in 1625. One portion of the 
building was rented by the overseers of Manningham as a 
house for imbecile paupers, principally women. In the 
old township books there are references to this place, 
and to expenses incurred for " madlings " kept there. In 
a return of Mrs. Ann Boiling's rentals for the year 1767 
(referred to on page 65) there is the entry : 

Part of Hornblow House, tenanted by the town of Manningham 
for two mad women, yearly rent paid by overseers, 95. 

In the same return there is also the entry : 

James Frankland, for Hornblow House, Manningham, yearly 
rent, $ 6s., Mrs. Boiling to pay taxes, J. Frankland window money. 

The amount of the rental and the mention of "window 
money " denoted that " Hornblow House " was a substantial 
residence for the period. 

James, in his " History of Bradford," stated that in 1842 
the Bradford horn was in the possession of one Jonathan 
Wright, having been handed down from generation to 
generation by the owners of the Hunt Yard property in 
Great Horton. 

In a note supplied by the late Mr. Edward Hailstone 
to an account of the Bradford Parish Church, Mr. Hailstone 
wrote : 

The Bradford Horn, lately in the possession of Mr. Charles 
Rhodes, and presented by him to Titus Salt, Esq., is a myth ; and 
there is not the slightest proof that it was ever used by the ancient 
family of Northrop. No one who has seen the few remaining tenure 
horns in the kingdom would ever have arrived at the conclusion that 
it was the original tenure horn. The Bradford Horn is now at the 
rooms of the Bradford Philosophical Society, having been presented 
to the members when that society was formed, by Mr. Salt. 

THE FRANKLAND FAMILY. 

The occupancy of Hornblow House by James Frankland 
is confirmed by an indenture dated 1761, the parties to 
which were " Anne Boiling, widow, of Chellow, and James 



History of Manningham. 125 

Frankland, of Manningham, stuff weaver," granting to the 
latter the lease of a "tenement in Manningham inhabited 
by James Frankland, and one close of land adjoining the 
said dwelling," at a yearly rental of $ 6s. This lease 
evidently referred to Hornblow House. 

The Franklands are an old Manningham family. In 
an indenture of lease, dated 1747, we have evidence of the 
family and are able to identify their holding. By indenture 
made 29th September, 1747, between the Governors of the 
Free Grammar School of Bradford, and Michael Frankland, 
of Manningham, clothier, the Governors leased to him at 
the yearly rental of 6, " All that newly-erected messuage 
situate in Manningham, with two cottages adjoining, then 
in the occupation of the said Michael Frankland, and also 
two closes to the same belonging, to have and to hold," &c., 
for the term of eleven years from the date of the above 
indenture. The Bradford Grammar School had several 
properties in Manningham, and Michael Frankland's farm 
was one of them. It consisted of the farmstead with 
two closes of land attached, called Jew Croft and Tenter 
Croft, and another field was subsequently added, named 
Pashendock Croft. The two first-named closes now form 
the site of Drummond Road School, while adjoining 
the Pashendock Croft was afterwards built the Back Lane 
School, now the Free Library for Manningham. 

Michael Frankland was a clothier, as were several of 
his neighbours at that period ; hence " Tenter Croft," a 
place where the tenterhooks for stretching cloth were 
fixed. William Frankland, son of Michael, succeeded to 
the farmstead, and he was also a clothier, both he and 
his father employing a few weavers and taking their 
webs of cloth to sell in Leeds market Another William 
Frankland, grandson of old Michael, followed, and was 
also a clothier. He was the father of the present William 
Frankland, who is both owner and occupier, thus making 
three generations of the same name in succession at the old 
homestead, which stands closely adjoining to Carlisle Road. 

Carlisle Road was completed about the year 1867, 
from the top of Back Lane to the foot of Toller Lane. 



126 History of Manningham. 

In May, 1868, a sale of surplus land adjoining the new 
road took place, comprising portions of closes called Great 
and Little Carlisle, hence the name " Carlisle Road." It 
may be of interest to note that the plots realised from 
33. gd. to I2s. Qd. per square yard, or an average of 6s. Qd. 
per yard on the whole of the lots offered. 

SALT STREET. 

The close of land upon which Salt Street is built was 
the second of the estates purchased by the Bradford 
Freehold Land Society for allotment among its members, 
and obtained its name from the late Sir Titus Salt having 
been one of the trustees of the society. It has proved one 
of the most successful of the land allotment projects of 
that society. For many years after its formation Salt 
Street ended in a cul de sac for vehicular traffic, and a 
tortuous footway for passengers, known as the " snicket," 
but a newer Salt Street has now been added to the lower 
end, leading from old Salt Street to the labyrinth of 
streets in the direction of White Abbey which had no 
existence when Salt Street was first formed. 

The site of the Salt Street estate was chosen for 
healthiness of situation, being perfectly open around it, 
and at a nice elevation from the mean level of Bradford. 
Clough's garden, with an ancient homestead towards the 
top, and the grounds of Whetley Hall, adjoined upon the 
west. The close of land thus purchased was originally 
Northrop land, as was the case with the Girlington estate, 
and was purchased from Mrs. Idle and others. Among 
the original and principal allottees of the Salt Street 
estate were William Prest, J. S. Edmondson, J. M. Whiteley, 
James Lumby, John Priestley, Wm. Holdsworth, Edmund 
Starkey, Thomas Charlesworth, and others. 

REV. MARK WARBURTON, B.D. 

Near the top of Back Lane, Manningham, now known 
as Carlisle Road, and directly opposite the top of Salt 



History of Manningham. 127 

Street, there formerly stood two old houses, with a good 
strip of garden ground about them. They were removed 
for the purpose of widening Carlisle Road about the year 
1869. About the beginning of the century, and well 
within the recollection of residents of Manningham now 
living, the garden was noted for its profusion of flowers, 
roses, cherries, and plums. It was generally known as 
" Warburton Garden," John VVarburton, the then owner and 
occupier, being, in fact, the gardener at Clockhouse, while 
in the possession of Miss Jowett. He was of a military 
turn, and had seen service. He was also in one of the 
military bands in Ireland, and took to gardening after 
settling down upon his humble patrimony in Manningham 
Back Lane. 

Nothing in particular calls for reference in the 
uneventful career of John Warburton, or indeed in refer- 
ence to the display of flowers, roses, cherries, and plums 
annually provided by him around his little homestead in 
Back Lane. In this connection it should be borne in 
mind that " Manningham town " at that period was divided 
from Bradford by an ample breadth of green fields, and 
the nearest mill chimney was that of the original Lister's 
mill at Lilycroft, a good distance away. From that 
humble cottage, however, the historian of Manningham 
is supplied with an example of plodding industry, and its 
subsequent success, by which he may " point a moral " if 
not " adorn a tale." 

At the time when John Warburton's garden was the 
pride of the neighbourhood, only one of the two cottages 
referred to belonged to him, the other one having gone 
out of the family under circumstances which call for 
remark. It appears that in the days which ushered in 
the reign of King George the Fourth, John Warburton's 
father and bachelor brother fell victims to the betting and 
gambling fever which then prevailed, and sustained such 
losses that all their property had to be sold to pay their 
debts, and nothing remained but the two cottages in Back 
Lane, one of which John Warburton's mother was obliged 
to sell to pay off the funeral expenses of her late husband. 



128 History of Manningham. 

In the valuation book of Manningham for the year 1811 
there is the entry 

Widow Warburton, cottage and garden, Back Lane. 

From this humble domicile, however, sprang a present 
dignitary of the Church of England of whom his fellow- 
townsmen have ample reason to be proud, and whose 
successful career the Author especially desires to place 
upon record in this " History of Manningham." 

John Warburton had only one son, named Mark, who, 
having completed his thirteenth year, the father desired 
should enter a lawyer's office, namely, that of Mr. Lambert, 
a gentleman well known in Manningham in the first 
quarter of the century. The youth, however, had notions 
of his own, and sooner than obey the parental behest, " sold 
himself," to use his own expression subsequently, to the 
Head-master of the Bradford Grammar School, the Rev. 
Samuel Slack, and by dint of manual labour and mental 
toil worked himself up to a position by which he won a 
Lady Hastings Scholarship, entitling him to a five years' 
residence at Queen's College, Oxford. This honourable 
position he attained by persistent hard work and patient 
endeavour, namely, by working one-half of the day in 
the school-house or garden, the remainder being spent in 
" P e gg m g away " at Greek and Latin and other portions of 
the school curriculum. At Oxford young Mark went in for 
honours, and on the second day of the examination was 
carried out of College in a swoon, so only got a third 
class instead of a second. This was in the year 1843. In 
1851 Mark Warburton got his M.A. degree, and in 1858 
was made a Bachelor of Divinity, which is his present 
title, to which have since been added that of Rector of 
Kilmington, diocese of Bath and Wells, and Prebendary or 
Canon of Wells Cathedral. 

In addition to this record of ecclesiastical success, 
won by persistent and individual endeavour, Dr. Warburton 
became an accomplished Greek and Latin scholar, and 
deeply learned in the classics. This and other knowledge 
acquired by him became of service to quite a number 



History of Manningham. 129 

of men at present holding high positions in the State 
and the country. For upwards of twenty years Dr. 
Warburton was in requisition in training young men in 
the higher walks of literature, and was eminently 
successful. During that period not fewer than eighteen 
sons of peers were sent to him for tuition, among whom 
were the ex-Prime Minister (Lord Rosebery) and Lord 
Donoughmore, whom the Prebendary regarded as two of 
the ablest and quickest youths ever entrusted to his care. 
Since then, Dr. Warburton has mainly devoted himself 
to the duties of his parish and diocese, and it is to his 
credit to state that these duties have been rendered in 
a similar spirit of sacrifice and devotion to that which 
distinguished his earlier career. Of the somewhat large 
amount expended in the restoration of Kilmington church 
and schools, Dr. Warburton paid upwards of 800 out of 
his own pocket. He is now in the seventy-eighth year 
of his age, and is still strong enough to enjoy the game of 
golf, which he has played for nearly thirty years, and at a 
period it may be added long before the game became 
so fashionable as it is at present. 

MANNINGHAM OLD HALL. 

The Old Hall at Manningham, of which an accurate 
drawing is given, has long since disappeared. It stood 
near the top of Marlborough Road, which was constructed 
in 1854. The only approach from Manningham (or Low) 
Lane prior to that period was by way of Cowgill (or 
Coggill) Lane. This lane was considerably nearer Belle 
Vue than the present Marlborough Road, and was very 
narrow, with large trees growing on each side. Several of 
these trees are still standing. Cowgill Lane was bordered 
on the south by Tonglands, the property of the Boilings 
of Manningham and Ilkley, which afterwards came into 
the possession, by marriage, of Richard Margerison, of 
Manningham. 

There is abundant work for the antiquary in tracing 
the history of Manningham Old Hall and its several 
I 



180 



History of Manningham. 



owners and occupiers. Nicholas Tonge was one of the 
four hundred men able to furnish horse and harness 
within the liberty of Bradford in the muster-roll temp 
Henry VIII., and he was one of six whom the township 
of Manningham was able to present. In the oldest survey 
extant the Tonglands comprised three oxgangs, or 443. ir. 
23p., scattered in various parts of the township. The two 
closes of four acres each, known distinctively by the 
name of Tonglands, appear to have come into the posses- 
sion of the Boilings, as well as a portion of Bolton Royds 
and other lands. 




Side View of Manningham Old Hall. 

The Boiling family has been already alluded to, so 
far as one of its members was concerned, and will be 
further noticed in the Heaton section of this work. 
Originating in the neighbouring township of Bowling 
(properly Boiling), from which the family probably took 
its name, members of it migrated to Chellow prior to 1500, 
became lords of the manor, and had a substantial residence. 
The Boilings continued at Chellow for a long period, the 
last of the male branch of the family being William 
Boiling, who in 1688 married Mary Lister, of Frizinghall, 



History of Manningham. 181 

and died in 1730. John Boiling, his eldest son, died 
the year before his father, and his widow, Ann, to whom 
reference has been already made, survived him for some 
years. A younger son of William Boiling migrated to 
Illdey about the year 1689, and his youngest son, William, 
married a daughter of the Rev. Thomas Lister, vicar of 
Ilkley. The eldest son of this marriage, whose name was 
John, married, in 1776, Mary, the daughter of Ellis Cunliffe, 
of Addingham, and he owned certain lands in the town- 
ship, including Manningham Old Hall. This property 
passed by marriage to Richard Margerison, who married 
Phcebe, daughter of John Boiling, of Ilkley, and came to 
reside at Manningham in 1803. 

THE MARGERISONS. 

The following slight pedigree will indicate the con- 
nection of the later members of the Margerisons, of Ilkley, 
with Manningham Old Hall. 

JOHN MARGERISON, = ELIZABKTH, dau. of 







of Ilkley, yeoman. 
Born 1735. 


Ellis Cunliffe, by 
Elizabeth, dau. of 
Rev. Thos Lister. 


1 

ELLIS MARGERISON. 
Died unmarried, 


I 1 1 
JAMES. JOHN. SAMUEL, 
Had two Died of Bradford. 


RICHARD.* 
Came to Man- 


1797- 


daughters. unmarried, Died 
1860. unmarried, 


ningham in 1803. 
Married Phcebe, 








1858. 


daughter of John 
Boiling. Died 










1851. 



RICHARD MARGERISON. = PHCEBE BOLLING. 

: and others. 

ELLIS MARGERISON, = MARGARET HEATON, 
Died 1853. I of Lothersdale. 

WILLIAM MARGERISON, =MARY WINSCOM, 
eldest son, of Ilkley and of Surrey. 
Bradford. Born 1843. 
Died 1890. 

The Margerisons were among the oldest families in 
Manningham. In the Chapter House records, giving a 
survey of the Manor of Bradford in 1342, we find that 



132 History of Manningham. 

William Margery-son held one messuage and one oxgang 
of land in Manningham, in bondage, paying for the same 
3s. 3%d. per annum. He also held a certain ruddyng 
(or clearing) containing four and a-half acres of land in 
Manningham, paying i8d. per annum in lieu of all services 
to the lord. 

Richard Margerison was well known in Bradford, and 
in company with his brother Samuel, who died unmarried in 
1853, erected and worked what was known as Margerison 's 
Mill, in Canal Road. Richard Margerison resided at 
the Old Hall until he erected Royd House (the present 
residence of Mr. W. H. Ibbetson) in 1828. Richard 
Margerison died in 1851, when his property went to his 
son, Ellis Margerison, whose son, William Margerison, 
solicitor, died at Ilkley during the year 1890. Edmund 
Jowett, woolstapler, succeeded to the occupancy of the Old 
Hall until he built a house and warehouse in Manningham 
Lane, where he carried on his business. 

On the opposite side of the road leading to Manning- 
ham " town," and adjoining to East Squire Lane, were 
several old houses and a farmstead, with orchard adjoining, 
occupied for a long period by the Drake family, and 
it is to a member of this family, Mr. Alfred Drake, of 
Daisy Hill, that the author is indebted for the pencil- 
drawing of Manningham Old Hall. As may be gathered 
from the sketch, the Old Hall was a typical example of 
the better class of residences of the gentry of the period, 
but superior in some of its outward arrangements to many 
in the neighbourhood. It presented a lengthened frontage 
to the south, with mullioned windows and a deeply-recessed 
porch. The narrow opening to Church Street, seen to the 
left of the sketch, will afford some indication of the position 
of the Old Hall before Marlborough Road was made. 




I 




History of Manningham. 133 



CHAPTER XIII. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY. 
IX. 

Lister Family of Manningham William Lister, Civil War Captain His Death 
at Tadcaster Colonel Thomas Lister Ellis Cunliffe Lister Active Magistrate 
and Member for Bradford His Family Samuel Cunliffe Lister (Lord 
Masham) His Inventive Enterprise Triumph of the Woolcombing Machine- 
Equal Success in the Manipulation of Silk Waste Manningham Hall 
Manningham Park. 

THE LISTERS OF MANNINGHAM. 

The Lister family of Manningham is of great antiquity, 
but we propose to confine our observations to the later 
phases of the family history. James, in his History of 
Bradford, states that the Listers of Manningham sprang 
from the same root as those of Arnoldsbiggin, Gisburn. 
The Lister pedigree goes far back into history (even to 
one John Lister, of Derby, circa 1312), although the 
possessions of the family at Manningham were only 
associated with the name at a comparatively recent date. 
Among the early members of the family was the 
celebrated Dr. Martin Lister, physician, who died in 1657. 
It was during the reign of Henry VIII. that Thomas 
Lister, grandson of Sir William Lister, of Thornton -in - 
Craven, married a daughter and co-heiress of Richard 
King, a cloth merchant at Bradford, and it was by this 
alliance that the Listers acquired their Manningham 
possessions. The name of CunlifFe comes from the inter- 
marriage of one Nicholas Cunliffe, of Wycoller, near Colne, 
a member of a very ancient family, with Elizabeth, daughter 
of the Rev. Thomas Lister, who was Vicar of Ilkley from 
1726 to 1745. 



134 History of Manningham. 



CAPTAIN LISTER. 

It will suffice to retrace the family history to Captain 
William Lister, an officer under General Fairfax during 
the Civil Wars, and who was slain at the battle of 
Tadcaster. Indeed, Manningham on that occasion produced 
three noted Parliamentarians Captain Lister, Captain 
Wilkinson, and Captain Bradshaw. Bradford was the 
scene of the first action between the Royalist and 
Parliamentary forces in the West Riding, the latter 
being commanded by Lord Ferdinand Fairfax, of Denton, 
Wharfedale, and his son, Sir Thomas Fairfax, of Nun 
Appleton. This action, however, was only a skirmish 
preparatory to the severe struggle which ensued at 
Tadcaster. At that place Lord Fairfax and his son 
were stationed to hold the line of the Wharfe, and it 
was at Tadcaster Bridge that the battle raged so furiously 
in December, 1642. In this struggle Captain Lister fell, 
being struck down by a shot through the head. In his 
" Memoirs," General Fairfax speaks of this event as " a 
great loss ; he being a discreet gentleman." Markham, in 
his " Life of Lord Fairfax " (quoting from Thoresby), states 
that Captain Lister's son, passing through Tadcaster some 
years afterwards, asked the sexton where his father had 
been buried. The sexton showed him a skull, which he 
declared to be that of Captain Lister, and which had a 
bullet hole through it. The incident is said to have so 
affected young Lister that he died a few hours 'afterwards. 
Markham also states that Captain Lister was of the Lister 
family of Thornton-in-Craven. The Lister pedigree gives 
the name of his father as John Lister, of Manningham. 

THE LISTER FAMILY. 

Captain Lister's eldest son, Thomas, was a colonel 
under Thomas, Lord Fairfax, and died in 1690. In the 
charter of the Bradford Grammar School of 1662 Captain 
Thomas Lister's name appears as one of the Governors of 
the School. By the will of Thomas Lister he devised to 



History of Manningham. 135 

his eldest son, John, the bulk of his estates in Manningham, 
with bequests to his son Charles, his brother, David Lister, 
and Susan, relict of his late brother John ; to his daughters, 
Juliana and Elizabeth, several closes of land in Manning- 
ham, called Holywell Ash, the Great Whetleys, Delf Close, 
two closes called South Fields, Higgin or Stoup Close, 
and two closes called New England. 

Juliana Lister married a Dutch merchant named 
Lambrechts, who was resident in Bradford at the time, 
and Elizabeth married Francis Stapleton ; their properties 
descended to Mr. Francis Sharp Bridges, of Morton, and 
were inherited by Sir F. S. Powell, Bart, M.P. 

Colonel Thomas Lister's son John, named above, 
married in 1690 Phcebe, daughter of Samuel Lister, of 
Over Brea, Halifax, by whom he had three sons and three 
daughters. Among them were Thomas, afterwards vicar 
of Ilkley, and John Lister, who lived at Manningham. 
Vicar Lister married Mary Boiling, whose family was 
originally of Manningham, and had several daughters, one 
of whom married Ellis Cunliffe, of Addingham, the father 
of John Cunliffe, of Addingham, and grandfather of Ellis 
Cunliffe Lister Kay, of Manningham Hall. John Lister, 
the second son, married Mary, daughter of John Field, of 
Bradford, and had a son, Samuel, who died in 1792 
without issue ; also a daughter, Elizabeth, who married 
Joseph Myers, of Leeds. Their daughter, Ruth, became 
the first wife of Ellis Cunliffe, of Manningham Hall. 

ELLIS CUNLIFFE LISTER. 

Mr. E. C. Lister was the eldest son of Mr. John 
Cunliffe, of Addingham, at which place he was born, and 
where he resided during the earlier period of his life. His 
father was engaged in the worsted trade before Bradford 
became famous as the seat of that industry, and when 
hand-spinning and spinning by water-power had been long 
in vogue at Addingham and elsewhere on the river Wharfe. 
John Cunliffe is said to have been the first man in the 
Bradford market to produce a hank of yarn not spun by 



136 History of Manningham, 

hand. His son, Ellis Cunliffe Lister, commenced business 
for himself at Red Beck Mill, Shipley, which he built in 
1815. At that period he resided at Calverley House, where 
his son, Mr. Samuel Cunliffe Lister, now Lord Masham, 
was born. He removed to Manningham Hall about 1819, 
having acquired by his marriage the homestead then 
existing there and some adjoining land. He was three 
times married, his first wife being Ruth Myers, his cousin, 
who inherited the Manningham Hall estates from her uncle, 
Samuel Lister, and brought them to her husband, who on 
the occasion of his marriage assumed the name of Lister. 
His second wife was Mary Ewbank, the only daughter of 
William Kay, of Haram Grange, and Cottingham, and 
upon the death of Mr. Kay in 1842, Mr. Lister assumed 
the final surname of Kay. 

On taking up his residence at Manningham Hall Mr. 
E. C. Lister devoted a large portion of time to magisterial 
business, and for half a century he was an active magistrate. 
For many years he held regular sessions at the Spotted 
House Inn, Manningham Lane, where a large share of the 
magisterial business of Bradford was transacted. On the 
passing of the Reform Bill in 1832 Mr. Lister was 
unanimously chosen to represent the Liberal electors in 
Bradford, and continued to occupy that position until 1841, 
when he was succeeded by his son, Mr. W. C. Lister, who, 
however, died within a few months of his election, and 
upon the very day when he should have taken his seat in 
Parliament. Mr. E. C. Lister Kay died at Manningham 
Hall, in November, 1853, and in the seventy-fifth year of 
his age. 

Mr. E. C. Lister Kay had several sons and daughters. 
The eldest son, William Cunliffe Lister, was, as stated, 
returned member for Bradford at the election in 1841, in 
succession to his father, but died before he could take his 
seat, at the early age of thirty-one. The next son was 
John Cunliffe Lister, who subsequently assumed the name 
of Kay, in lieu of that of Lister, on his succeeding to the 
property of the Kays of Cottingham. It was this gentle- 
man for whom Manningham Mill was erected by his father 




Appleton & Co, 



Bradford. 



Lord MASHAM. 



History of Manningham. 187 

in 1838, as previously stated. On the death of his elder 
brother in 1841, Mr. John Cunliffe Lister retired from 
business, and went to reside at Farfield Hall, Addingham, 
a portion of his patrimonial estate. He subsequently 
settled at Godmersham Park, Kent, and still resides there 
in the eighty-fifth year of his age. His eldest son is 
Ellis Cunliffe Lister Kay, Esq., of Burley Manor, Ringwood, 
Hampshire, who has issue. Another son, Thomas Thompson 
Cunliffe Lister, died in June, 1892. For many years he 
resided at Beamsley Hall, Wharfedale, but some years ago 
removed to Cuckfield, Sussex, where he died. He possessed 
the Shipley Fields estate, which has become so largely 
developed of late. 

LORD MASHAM. 

The fourth son of Mr. E. C. Lister is the present 
Lord Masham, he having been granted the dignity of 
Baron Masham, of Swinton, in July, 1891. As already 
stated, Mr. Samuel Cunliffe Lister was born at Calverley 
Hall, his mother being Mary Ewbank, only child and 
heiress of William Kay, Esq., of Cottingham. On the 
death of his father in 1853, Mr. S. C. Lister succeeded to 
Manningham Hall and estate, the remainder of the family 
property being devised to other members of the family. 
He married in 1854, Anne, daughter of John Dearden, Esq., 
of the Hollins, Halifax, who died in March, 1875, and he 
has two sons, namely, the Hon. Samuel Cunliffe (heir to 
the title), born August, 1857 ; and John Cunliffe, born 
August, 1867. The daughters are Annie Cunliffe, Mary 
Ewbank Cunliffe, Ada Cunliffe, Edith Cunliffe, and Evelyn 
Cunliffe. Lord Masham is a large landed proprietor, his 
estates being Swinton Park, purchased in 1883, for 
400,000, comprising 22,000 acres in extent ; Jervaulx 
Abbey, purchased in 1887 for 310,000, 11,000 acres in 
extent ; a portion of the Acton Hall Estate, purchased 
in February, 1891, for the sum of 192,000, 1216 acres 
in extent ; the Middleham Estate, including Middleham 
Castle, purchased for about 70,000 at the end of 1889 ; 
and extensive estates in India. 



188 History of Manningham. 



AN INDUSTRIAL LEADER. 

Lord Masham, under the more familar name of Samuel 
Cunliffe Lister, is well entitled to the distinction long since 
accorded him of being one of the most eminent leaders 
of industry in England, and one who in an especial degree 
has contributed to the fame and prosperity of Bradford 
as a great commercial centre. Few men have devoted 
themselves more earnestly to the promotion of textile 
manufactures, and his success has been such as to result 
not only in the attainment of great commercial influence 
for himself, but in the largely increased capability of the 
manufacturing community. It is in connection with the 
combing machine and the silk waste manufacture, however, 
that his name will always be remembered in Bradford and 
district. In the perfecting of each of these Mr. Lister both 
lost and won a large fortune. Indeed, the story of Mr. 
Lister's life is the history of a long, energetic, persevering, 
and successful struggle to overcome mechanical difficulties, 
to solve industrial problems, and to bend the powers of 
steam arid iron into a fuller and more complete subjection 
to the will of man. 

Lord Masham was intended for and educated with a 
view to his entering the Church, his grandmother having 
bequeathed him the rectory of Addingham on the express 
condition that he should take holy orders. The bent of 
his mind, however, was towards commercial and mechanical 
pursuits, and on leaving school he took a position with a 
commercial firm at Liverpool, ultimately settling down in 
Bradford, with the intention of devoting himself wholly 
to the Bradford trade. Soon after he came of age we find 
him entering into partnership with his elder brother, John 
Cunliffe Kay, in the original mill erected for them by 
their father, Mr. E. C. Lister. The people of Bradford 
at that period could never have imagined that the time 
would come when, on the site of the first Manningham 
Mill, there would one day be a motive-power at work 
equal to three times the then total Jhorse-power of all 



History of Manningham. 139 

the factories in the town, and that in place of the one 
small mill then existing, there would by and bye be an 
establishment covering eleven acres of ground. 

Bradford was just beginning to "feel its feet" when 
Mr. Lister and his brother increased the list of local 
manufacturers. The population of the town was then 
about 50,000. There was no railway communication with 
other places, the carriage of merchandise being effected by 
means of huge carriers' waggons plying between Bradford 
and Manchester, Liverpool, and other large towns. The 
stage-coach was then a familiar object in the streets of 
Bradford, and the Bowling Green, the rendezvous for 
outward-bound passengers, was one of the chief resorts of 
the town gossips. Mr. Lister had not been more than 
two or three years in partnership with his brother, John 
Cunliffe, when the latter retired, and the Manningham 
business was given up for a time. Shortly after this, Mr. 
S. C. Lister launched again into business at Manningham 
Mills, taking Mr. James Ambler into partnership with him. 

THE WOOLCOMBING MACHINE. 

So matters went on until one day Mr. Lister had his 
attention drawn to the combing machine invented by the 
late Mr. George Edmund Donisthorpe, and he at once saw 
that there was a revolution to be wrought in the worsted 
trade by such a machine. He had previously been much 
struck with the sad effects hand woolcombing had on the 
health of the combers, and also with the great waste 
of material that resulted from the clumsy process. At 
that time the whole of the wool used in the worsted 
manufacture was combed by hand, and was given out to 
the combers to be manipulated into " sliver " at their own 
homes. Some thousands of workmen were engaged in this 
unhealthy occupation before the combing machine came 
into operation. While the comber was "jigging" at his 
" pad-post," his " pot-of-four " was emitting an uncomfortable 
amount of heat, and he had continually to breathe an 
atmosphere redolent of charcoal and oil. 



140 History of Manningham. 

When Mr. Donisthorpe's invention was seen by Mr. 
Lister, he at once perceived that it contained the germ 
of such a machine as would completely abolish hand 
woolcombing, and he became the purchaser of Mr. 
Donisthorpe's patent, and, assisted by Mr. James Ambler, 
they worked together to bring the machine to perfec- 
tion. The whole process of woolcombing was changed 
at a blow, by a " nip " detaching tufts of wool through 
teeth. Previously, every inventor, without any excep- 
tion, had followed in the steps of the handcomber, 
and had filled wool on to combs and worked it with 
another comb, and then drawn off the combed sliver. 
Ultimately Mr. Lister's machine got to be almost univer- 
sally adopted. The entire resources of the works at 
Manningham were made available for the furtherance of the 
business of machine woolcombing, and after an enormous 
expenditure of money and many laborious years spent in 
perfecting the machine, Mr. Lister found himself at the 
head of a woolcombing business such as the world had 
never before known. He not only kept the Manningham 
works fully employed in woolcombing, but set up branch 
establishments in Bradford, Halifax, Keighley, and other 
places in the West Riding, and also in France and 
Germany. As time went on, many improvements were 
effected in the combing machine ; some being invented by 
Mr. Lister and Mr. Donisthorpe, some by Mr. Noble, 
and some by Sir Isaac Holden and others. In 1857, 
however by which time he had begun to occupy himself 
with the silk trade Mr. Lister transferred his interest in 
the French concerns to his partner, Mr. Holden, and the 
two establishments at Croix and Rheims still continue in 
the hands of Messrs. Isaac Holden & Sons. 

THE SILK MANUFACTURE. 

Mr. Lister next turned his attention to the silk trade 
He had accomplished all that there was to accomplish in 
connection with the combing machine ; he had seen that 
machine almost universally used in the worsted trade ; and 



History of Manningham. 141 

he had reaped a good reward for his well-directed energy. 
Most men would have been content with these achieve- 
ments, and would have left fresh industrial explorations 
to be carried out by others. But Mr. Lister was so 
strongly possessed of the passion for invention that he 
could not rest satisfied with the success already obtained ; 
he must find further employment for his active mind. 
While thus burning with the desire of winning fresh inven- 
tive triumphs, he chanced to fall in with a quantity of 
waste silk that was lying useless in a London warehouse. 
To the ordinary mind this waste silk appeared to be 
nothing more than a heap of rubbish. It was all knotted 
and dirty, and full of sticks, dead leaves, and impurity. 
Mr. Lister examined it very minutely, bought the heap 
for a halfpenny a pound, had it conveyed to Bradford, 
and at once commenced experimenting with it. For ten 
years Mr. Lister devoted himself earnestly and assiduously 
to inventions for the manipulation of silk waste and spent 
nearly a quarter of a million of money before he really 
accomplished the task that he had imposed upon himself, 
namely, that of creating a new branch of manufacture. 
Before ever he made a shilling from the silk waste manu- 
facture he was 360,000 out of pocket, and he has himself 
stated that he wrote off a quarter of a million as entirely 
lost before he began to make up his books again. The 
patents which Mr. Lister took out for improvements in 
machinery for the working up of silk waste were very 
numerous, numbering altogether 107 of various kinds, but 
perhaps the chef-d'ceuvre of all the inventions patented by 
him in this department was the power-loom for weaving 
velvet. This process had been the ruin of many, but in 
Mr. Lister's hands it has been made a remarkable success. 
From time to time Manningham Mills were extended, 
until they assumed the gigantic proportions at present 
possessed. In 1889 Mr. Lister turned over his business to 
a limited liability company for the sum of 1,928,368, 
himself holding about a million pounds worth of shares, 
and retaining his connection with the business as chairman 
of the directors. 



142 History of Manningham, 



MANNINGHAM HALL AND PARK. 

While the new mills were in course of erection at 
Manningham, Mr. Lister left Manningham Hall and went 
to reside at Farfield Hall, near Addingham, the ancient 
residence of the Cunliffe family. His first idea had been 
to sell the Manningham Park Estate, which would have 
made a charming estate for villa residences, but being 
desirous, if possible, to secure it for the public, he offered 
the park and hall to the Corporation for 40,000, estimating 
the value at 60,000, but foregoing 20,000 as a gift to 
the public. This generous offer was accepted, and on the 
28th of October, 1870, the property was formally transferred 
to the Corporation for the use of the public, since which 
time it has been much improved and has been a very 
favourite resort of the inhabitants. 

Manningham Hall is a comparatively ^modern erection, 
built upon the site of a previous homestead, and was 
added to by the present Lord Masham during his residence 
there. The park contains altogether about fifty-three acres, 
and is of very picturesque appearance and well-timbered. 
The thriving chestnuts, sycamores, and other forest trees 
bordering the park towards Manningham Lane were 
planted about seventy years ago by Mr. Ellis Cunliffe 
Lister. In honour of the generous treatment of Lord 
Masham, by which the park became Corporate property, it 
was decided that it should henceforth bear the name of 
Lister Park, and by that name it is now generally known. 
A marble statue of Mr. Lister was erected by public 
subscription in May, 1875, and placed near the principal 
entrance to the park. 



History of Manningham. 148 



CHAPTER XIV. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY. 
X. 

Clockhouse Origin of Name Early Possessors Later Descent The Jowetts of 
Clockhouse Miss Sarah Jowett George Baron His Singular Will The 
Famous "Clockhouse Case" Clockhouse as a Residence Spotted House Inn. 

THE CLOCKHOUSE ESTATE. 

The residence known as Clockhouse, Manningham, 
affords a chapter of considerable interest. As to the 
origin of the name there is some doubt. During the 
preparation of evidence for the famous " Clockhouse Case," 
commenced in 1856, it was stated by an old Bradfordian 
named Raistrick, that " the first clock that was ever brought 
to this part of the country was set up at Clockhouse, 
Manningham, and hence the name by which it was 
known." There certainly was in former times a clock in 
the south front of the present mansion, and the opening 
remains were it was fixed. It was so placed that passers- 
by could see the time of day from the highway to 
Otley, then running close past the house. However this 
may be, the name was applied to the house early in 
the seventeenth century. At that date the property was 
in the possession of the Lister family, as we gather from 
the following evidence : 

Know all men by these presents that I, Humphrey Lister, the 
younger son of John Lister, late of the Clockhouse, in Manningham, 
deceased, have confirmed unto John Crabtree, of Manningham 
aforesaid, yeoman All those my seats, stalls, and formes, set, situate, 
and being in the Parish Church of Bradford, and belonging to the 
messuage or house in Manningham commonly called Clockhouse, 



144 History of Manningham. 

which I, the said Humphrey Lister, have for valuable consideration 
bargained for and sold to him the said John Crabtree, his heirs and 
assigns To have and to hold, &c. 

In witness hereof, this aoth day of December, in the I2th year 
of the reign of sovereign Lord Charles, 1636. 

HUMPHREY LISTER. 
Witnesses 

JOSEPH HOLLINGS. TEMPEST BRIGHOUSE. 

JOHN WILKINSON. EDWARD WALKER. 

RICH. BRIGHOUSE. 



FORMER OWNERSHIP. 

The descent of the Clockhouse estate from the above 
period is easily traced. In 1664 John Crabtree, described 
as of Clockhouse, was owner of five closes of land called 
Over Fenns, Wheat Fenns, Fenny Royd, and the two 
Sinnel Royds, which were purchased from John Northrop 
in 1626 by Samuel Crabtree. In 1709 Thomas Crabtree 
is described in deeds of that date as a tanner living at 
Clockhouse, and in May, 1721, he released to William 
Shiers, of Todmorden, in consideration of the sum of 960, 
" all that messuage called Clockhouse, and the several 
closes of land called Great Fens, Wheat Fens, Webster 
Leys, Calfitt Butts, Tong Dole, Mowing Carrs, &c." 

Interest in the descent of the Clockhouse estate 
increases in the year 1743, when from an indenture 
dated April of that year we learn that 

William Shiers, of Clockhouse, in consideration of the sum of 
^1420, granted to Samuel Jowett, of Eccleshill, gentleman All that 
capital messuage, &c., wherein he dwelt, with the several closes of 
land known as Great Fens, Wheat Fens, Hustler Royd, Gimlet Royd, 
Fen Ing, Webster Leys, Great Close, Two Calfitts, Butts, Tong Dole, 
Intack, Mowing Carr, Rough Carr, and Paddock, comprising fifty-five 
days' work, and then in the possession of the said William Shiers. 

The above closes of land were in name almost identical 
with those attached to Clockhouse in the survey of 1811, 
and have remained almost intact to the present time. 
Samuel Jowett, who in 1743 purchased the Clockhouse 
estate, died a bachelor in 1774, leaving the estate to 



History of Manning/iam. 145 

Nathan Jowett, jun., the son of his brother Nathan. Some 
years before his death, however, Samuel Jowett executed 
an indenture in favour of his nephew, in which he confirmed 
to him 

All that messuage known as Clockhouse, with all the closes of 
land, &c., on condition that as soon as the said Nathan Jowett should 
take upon himself the expenses of housekeeping at Clockhouse, he 
would find and provide for the said Samuel Jowett meat and sufficient 
drink, washing and lodging, and also a nag or gelding to ride upon 
at his pleasure and at all times during his natural life, so long as he 
should choose to reside at Clockhouse, and that should he choose to 
depart, that he should pay to Samuel Jowett an annuity of 20 
during the term of his natural life. 



THE JOWETT FAMILY. 

Nathan Jowett, who thus entered upon the Clockhouse 
estate, " took upon himself the expenses of housekeeping " 
by marrying his cousin, Mary Jowett, of Knaresborough, 
and had two sons and two daughters. The eldest son 
was born in 1761, and studied medicine at Edinburgh 
University. He was evidently a man of promise, if we 
may judge from the terms of an inscribed monument in 
the Bradford Parish Church, which is as follows : 

To the memory of Samuel Jowett, gentleman, late of Trinity 
Coll., Cambridge, who, blest with an honest heart and clear head, 
made so good an use of the short time allotted to him in improving 
the virtues of the one, and cultivating the natural endowments of the 
other, that he promised to become (had such been the will of 
Providence) a blessing to his parents and friends, and an ornament 
to society. 

He died at Edinburgh the I3th Jan., 1785, in the twenty-fourth 
year of his age, and was there interred. 

His sister, Sarah Jowett, married George Baron, a 
Leeds merchant, and his surviving brother, Nathan Jowett, 
of Clockhouse, married his cousin, Sarah Hodgson, of 
Whetley. Of the former marriage there was issue George 
Baron, of Drewton, who subsequently acquired both the 
Jowett and Hodgson estates at Clockhouse and Whetley, 
in addition to extensive possessions in the East Riding, 
K 



146 History of Manningham. 

inherited by him from his own family. Nathan Jowett died 
in 1816, leaving an only child, Sarah, to the guardianship of 
her uncle, Francis Simes, of Bradford, and Joseph Rollings, 
of Whetley. Miss Jowett died unmarried in March, 1840, 
leaving her estates to her cousin, George Baron, of North 
Cave. She also left numerous legacies, including one of 
10,000 to her uncle Simes, and 20,000 to Miss Frances 
Outhwaite, besides 1000 to the Bradford Dispensary, and 
1000 to the Bradford Exchange Buildings. The agent 
to her large estates at the time of her decease was Mr. 
George Thompson Lister, a gentleman with a large experi- 
ence in the management of landed property in the 
neighbourhood. 

George Baron enjoyed the combined estates, now 
become very valuable, until he died unmarried in July, 
1854, and from the singular disposition he made of his 
estates arose the famous " Clockhouse Case." 



THE "CLOCKHOUSE CASE." 

Much litigation arose : upon the construction of Mr. 
George Baron's will. Unfortunately, Mr. Baron had no 
acquaintance with any member of the Jowett family, and 
had not the least conception to whom the property would 
fall by the provisions of the will he intended to make. 
That he left for the lawyers to find out, and they 
consequently reaped a rich harvest of fees. The will was 
prepared by his East Riding solicitors, and contained the 
provision that all his real estates should be devised to 
trustees " upon trust for such person as at the time of the 
testator's decease should answer to the description of heir 
male of the body of Nathan Atkinson, formerly of Bolton, 
near Bradford, whose mother was a Jowett of Clockhouse," 
and, in case there should be no such person, then the 
estates were to go " unto such person as should answer to 
the description of heir male of the body of Samuel 
Atkinson, formerly of Shipley," a brother of the said 
Nathan Atkinson, on condition that he assumed the 
surname of " Jowett " in addition to his own name. 



History of Manningham. 147 

Mr. Baron's will was read over after his death to 
Messrs. Bentley & Wood, solicitors, Bradford, who, with 
others, were named as trustees, and Mr. James Wood 
conceived a strong opinion that Nathan Atkinson, farmer 
and milk dealer, of Bolton, answered to the description 
of " heir male of the body of Nathan Atkinson, 
formerly of Bolton, whose mother was a Jowett of 
Clockhouse." He accordingly approached the fortunate 
heir, a man then between sixty and seventy years 
of age, and the information he obtained confirmed 
Mr. Wood's opinion as to the correctness of his 
surmises. In April, 1855, a friendly suit was instituted 
before the Master of the Rolls, in which cause Nathan 
Atkinson and James Atkinson, his son, were made 
plaintiffs, and Greenwood Bentley, James Wood, and 
others defendants, to inquire who was the heir-at-law 
of the said estates. The law being satisfied that the right 
man had been found, Nathan Atkinson entered during the 
same year into possession of the estates. 

This, however, was only the commencement of a series 
of litigations involved in the " Clockhouse Case." 

No sooner had the Boltcn farmer entered into possession 
of 145 farms and a rent-roll of 8000 a year than a rival 
claimant sprang up, one Joseph Jowett, a blacking hawker, 
of Idle, who managed to inspire a number of persons in 
Bradford with the notion that he was the rightful heir to 
Mr. Baron's estates, and they were induced to advance 
money to back his claims on the promise of large returns 
when he entered into the property. Chancery proceedings 
lasting for nearly six years followed, which effectually 
established the position of Nathan Atkinson, who had 
assumed the name of Jowett Long before the termination 
of the legal struggle, however, he had made a disposition 
of his property to his eldest son, James, and lived quietly 
at Clockhouse. He died in France in May, 1862. Mr. 
James Atkinson Jowett added largely to the value of the 
estates bequeathed to him, and died in 1886. Upon his 
decease the estates involved in the famous " Clockhouse 
Case" were divided between his two sons and his daughter, 



148 History of Manningham. 

viz. : Mr. Nathan Atkinson Jowett, Mr. John Hodgson 
Atkinson Jowett, and Mrs. James Moncrieff. 

Mr. Nathan Atkinson Jowett, the elder son, inherited 
the Clockhouse and Allerton estates, and resided at Clock- 
house for a time. In 1891, however, his son, Mr. John 
Atkinson Jowett, entered into possession of the estates on 
attaining his majority, and he now resides at the ancestral 
home. 

The Clockhouse residence, as may be seen from the 
accompanying drawing, is only a modern building, but 
there are evident traces of a former structure. Over a 
doorway on the south front a stone has been inserted, 
evidently from a former building, bearing the inscription : 



C 

T E 

1699 



The date corresponds with the ownership of Clockhouse 
by the Crabtrce family, and probably refers to Thomas 
Crabtree and his wife Elizabeth. The grounds are 
extensive, and include a park extending to the Midland 
Company's railway in the valley. For nearly thirty 
years Mr. John Hindle (formerly Dixon & Kindle, land 
agents and surveyors, Bradford) has acted as steward and 
agent of the Jowett properties, comprising the Bolton, 
Manningham, Allerton, and other estates near Bradford, 
also those in the East Riding. 

It has been stated that the late Professor Jowett, 
Master of Balliol College, Oxford, was a member of the 
Manningham family of that name. 

THE SPOTTED HOUSE INN. 

The Spotted House Inn is one of the older public- 
houses of Manningham. It still maintains the reputation 



History of Manningham. 149 

of being a suburban house of refreshment, without the 
objectionable features attaching to a mere drinking-shop. 
Connected with it are a spacious bowling-green and tennis- 
ground, where the better-class residents have been wont 
to resort for years past, and formerly there was also a 
capacious swimming bath, supplied by water springing 
from the grounds, but this has been discontinued. For 
nearly a quarter of a century the Spotted House was kept 
by the late John Boyes Tankard, who died in 1894, he 
being then the oldest licensed victualler in Bradford. The 
inn is now the property of and is carried on by his 
daughter, Miss Tankard. 

The premises originally formed a portion of the Lister 
estate of Manningham. On the taking of the survey in 
1811, the inn and farmstead, with land adjoining, were in 
the occupation of John Halliwell. Prior to Halliwell's 
occupancy, the inn was kept by Thomas and Mary 
Broadley, who retired on a competence to a house with 
land adjoining, situate above the Upper Globe Inn, 
Manningham. The late Mr. Tankard purchased the 
property from John Hammond, who probably acquired it 
from Mr. E. C. Lister. In the survey of 1839 the premises 
are described by the respective names of the " Spotted 
House," or " Lister's Arms." 

A glance at the accompanying sketch of the " Spotted 
House" will show that an addition has been made to the 
original building, bringing it close up to Manningham Lane. 
This new wing was added by the former owner, Mr. E. C. 
Lister, and was used by him as a justice room, where he 
sat on certain days of the week to try such offenders as 
were brought before him. A similar custom prevailed at 
Cottingley Hall, during the residence there of Colonel 
Wickham, who was contemporary with Mr. Lister. At 
that period the ordinary Petty Sessions were held at the 
New Inn, Bradford, a house still standing at the corner of 
Thornton Road, and the justices sat there one day a week, 
that day being Thursday, the market day. 



150 History of Manningham. 



CHAPTER XV. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY. 
XI. 



Wilkinson Family The Bradshaws Bolton Royd J. G. Horsfall Power-loom 
Riots The Anderton Family Parkfield Sir Henry Mitchell Grammar School 
Lands" Halliwell Ash." 



THE WILKINSON FAMILY. 

In the old records of Manningham the family name 
of Wilkinson frequently occurs, and from the evidences 
before us it appears that there were several members of 
the family who were extensive freeholders in the early 
part of the seventeenth century, but as owners of property 
in the township they have ceased to exist for some time 
back. The family deeds contain a copy of a court-roll 
of the Manor of Bradford, dated 1601, in which John 
Wilkinson and Richard, his son, surrendered a close of 
land called Acker Roide (Oakroyd), and one selion of 
land adj6ining the highway leading between Bradford and 
Manningham. The term "selion" was a remnant of the 
common field system of land cultivation, and originally 
meant a day's work done by a tenant of the manor. In 
the valuation of the rectorial tithes of Bradford, made in 
1638, Thomas Wilkinson was assessed upon forty-three 
acres of land, and John Wilkinson upon twenty-two acres. 
About the same period the lands of Richard Wilkinson in 
Manningham were put down at thirty-three acres, twenty- 
five of which were old enclosures, and surrounded his 
residence. 

Turning again to the family deeds, we find that in 
1652 William Wilkinson, by his will of that date, bequeathed 



History of Manningham. 151 

to his son William "all that close of land called Bolton 
Roids, in Manningham, abutting on the lands of the heirs 
of Henry Bradshaw, deceased, on the north and east, on 
the lands of Thomas Wilkinson on the south, and on 
the highway leading from Bradford to Frizinghall on the 
west." A century later, namely, in 1753, Richard Hodgson, 
of the Birks, Horton, purchased of John Wilkinson, the 
elder, yeoman, of Manningham, " all that messuage in 
Manningham where the latter dwelt, also several closes of 
land adjoining the house, known as the Well Croft, Corn 
Croft, the two Bolton Royds, Coal Pit Close, and Intack, 
then in the occupation of John Wilkinson, the younger." 
Doubtless this transaction brought to an end the career, as 
freeholders, of the Bolton Royd branch of the Wilkinson 
family. 

In Dugdale's " Visitation of Yorkshire," mention is 
made of the Richard Wilkinson, before - named, of 
Manningham, who died in 1650, or thereabouts, and 
left a son, Thomas Wilkinson, and a grandson, Thomas, 
aged (in the year 1666) sixty-six and thirty-five respec- 
tively. We are inclined to locate the property of this 
branch of the Wilkinsons at Whetley Hill. Towards the 
close of last century, Thomas Wilkinson, one of the gentry 
of Manningham, owned an estate at Whetley, afterwards 
purchased by John Priestman, and he died possessed of 
other property in Yorkshire. Being a bachelor he left his 
estates to his housekeeper, a maiden lady, named Sally 
Kitching, and the property was divided among her own 
relatives at her decease. Thus may be accounted for 
the extinction of another branch of the Wilkinsons of 
Manningham, and the passing of their estates into other 
hands. 

THE BRADSHAWS. 

The Bradshaws of Manningham were another substantial 
family which has become extinct. In the early surveys the 
name occurs as that of substantial landholders, both in 
Bradford and Manningham. According to researches made 
by Mr. Empsall, President of the Bradford Historical 



152 History of Manningham. 

Society, there were three Henry Bradshaws during the 
period from 1622 to 1680, the first of them dying in 1651. 
This, in Mr. Empsall's opinion, was Captain Bradshaw, the 
Parliamentarian officer engaged in the Civil Wars, although 
James, in his " History of Bradford," ascribes that position 
to his son, the second Henry. An attempt was made, on 
the accusation of Captain Gates and others, to connect the 
latter with the abortive Farnley Wood Conspiracy, and he 
was tried, but acquitted of actual participation in it. His 
son, Henry, removed to London, and was a considerable 
beneficiary under the will of Robert Jackson, from whom 
the town derived the Black Abbey Dole. From that 
period, the name of Bradshaw ceases to be of importance 
in Manningham. 

BOLT ON ROYD : THE HORSFALL FAMILY. 

The residence known as Bolton Royd, although not 
of any pretension to antiquity, possesses a certain historic 
interest from the fact of its builder having been Mr. John 
Garnett Horsfall, one of several brothers who in 1826 were 
the first to introduce steam power-looms into Bradford. 
From what has since transpired in the Bradford trade, it 
seems almost incredible that the introduction of power- 
looms should have led to one of the most serious riots 
that have ever taken place in Bradford. But so it was, 
and several lives were lost in the defence of Horsfall's 
Mills, North Wing, where the looms were first set a-going. 
The circumstances attending this lamentable occurrence 
were as follow : On the afternoon of the ist of May, 
1826, a meeting of unemployed workmen took place on 
Fairweather Green. The number of persons assembled was 
about 250, who, after consulting together some time, 
proceeded at five o'clock in the afternoon to the mill of 
Messrs. Horsfall, situate at North Wing, near the Old 
Church, which contained a number of power-looms for 
weaving stuffs. Immediately on arrival, they commenced 
an attack upon the mill, but without doing any mischief, 
except breaking the windows. They then proceeded to 



History of Manningham. 153 

Bradford Moor, where they were joined by about two 
hundred more, and with this reinforcement, the mob 
returned to Horsfall's Mill, and made a second attack ; 
but the Riot Act being read, they dispersed. 

This was on Monday, and all remained quiet until 
Wednesday, when another meeting was held on Fairweather 
Green, far more numerous than that on Monday, and, after 
forming in several groups till about twenty minutes past 
three, they again moved in a body to Messrs. Horsfall's 
Mill, and began throwing stones at the windows. About 
240 panes of glass had been broken on the Monday, but 
had been replaced. These formed the subject of a fresh 
attack, until every window was demolished, with the frames 
belonging to them. 

At half-past four o'clock, Colonel Plumbe Tempest, 
accompanied by a number of special constables, arrived on 
the ground adjoining the mill, and the Riot Act was read. 
The mob still showed no disposition to disperse, but 
continued throwing stones. All other efforts hitherto 
adopted proving unavailing, and the mob having fired 
a pistol into the mill, the persons who were defending it, 
amounting to about forty, fired from twenty to thirty shots 
upon the mob, by which two persons were killed, viz., 
Jonas Barstow, of Queen's Head, aged eighteen years, and 
Henry Fearnley, a youth of fourteen years. A considerable 
number of the mob were also wounded. Two of the 
rioters were afterwards committed to York Castle. 

The local branch of the Horsfall family sprang from 
Denholme, where in 1612 Richard Horsfall purchased 'a 
portion of Denholme Park, and worked the coal under the 
estate. Timothy Horsfall, a later member, worked the old 
cotton mill at Goit Stock. He had a numerous family, 
of whom John Garnett Horsfall, of Bolton Royd, was the 
eldest. There were also William, Timothy, Jeremiah, 
Thomas, and Michael, all of whom, except Jeremiah, came 
to Bradford, and commenced in the worsted industry. 
John Garnett was the principal in the manufacturing 
department, and William in woolstapling. The manufac- 
turing was carried on at Horsfall's Mill, the scene of the 



154 History of Manningham. 

riot, and the wool warehouses were situate at the head of 
the canal basin in Broadstones. 

When Mr. J. G. Horsfall fixed upon the site of Bolton 
Royd as one suitable for a residence, it was indeed a 
pleasant locality. A little dell adjoined and formed part 
of the estate, the remains of which may still be traced 
upon the ground. The name indicates a place cleared of 
wood. At one period the land belonged to William 
Cowgill, sen., of the Trees, from whom Mr. J. G. Horsfall 
purchased it. At the period of the erection of Bolton 
Royd the town of Manningham was isolated from Bradford. 
There was only one house between it and the Grammar 
School, namely, Spring Lodge, for some time the abode 
of Mr. Alfred Harris and of Mr. James Drummond, the 
intervening land being all green fields. Originally the 
Bolton Royd estate comprised about thirty-five acres. 
Upon Mr. Horsfall quitting the locality, Mr. John Taylor, 
solicitor, entered into occupation, and remained until 1862, 
when the estate was sold to the late Mr. F. W. Anderton, 
who completely remodelled the house. 

THE ANDERTON FAMILY. 

The Andertons of Bradford have been resident in the 
parish for nearly two hundred years, and are said to have 
taken their name from the village of Anderton, near 
Chorley, Lancashire. The progenitor of the Andertons of 
Bradford, Bingley, Keighley, and Cleckheaton was John 
Anderton, of Hallas, Cullingvvorth, he having had nine sons, 
from whom sprang these several branches of the family. 
He was one of the fathers of the wool trade, and died at 
Hallas in 1803. His eldest son, James, removed to 
Bradford during the latter portion of last century, and 
lived at Boldshay Hall, Barkerend. Here he was joined 
by two younger brothers, and together they carried on the 
wool business at a warehouse abutting on the canal basin, 
Broadstones. Another of his sons, John, from whom sprang 
the Andertons of Bingley, besides being the only worsted 
maker in Cullingworth, carried on woolstapling in a ware- 



History of Manningham. 155 

house in Cheapside, Bradford. From another son, John, who 
went into the wool business at Denholme, are descended 
the Andertons of Cleckheaton. William, the third son of 
John of Hallas, was vicar of Denton, afterwards vicar of 
Poole, and died unmarried in 1838. 

The fifth son of the patriarch, John of Hallas, named 
Jonathan, practised as a physician at Bradford and Keighley, 
and married Sarah, the daughter and co-heiress of Samuel 
Blakey, of Aireworth, solicitor. His son, Swithin Anderton. 
founded the extensive worsted business at Eastbrook Mills, 
Bradford, still carried on under the style of Swithin 
Anderton & Sons, and it is with this branch that we are 
more immediately concerned. 

Swithin Anderton inherited the predilections of his 
family generally, in following a commercial career, and 
purchased the Eastbrook estate, where he erected very 
extensive works for worsted spinning. This concern he 
carried on until his death in 1860, and the firm is still 
represented by his descendants. Mr. Swithin Anderton 
was a commissioner under the old Lighting and Watching 
Act of Bradford which preceded the Corporation, and on 
the incorporation of the borough in 1847 he was one 
of the first members of the Town Council, being returned 
for the South Ward, the district in which Eastbrook Mills 
is situate. At about the same period he was placed upon 
the commission of the peace for the borough. Mr. Ander- 
ton married Anne, daughter of the Rev. John Braithwaite, 
of Sunderland, and had several sons and one daughter, 
including Samuel Blakey Anderton, of Richmond House, 
Bradford, the eldest son, who died unmarried in 1874; 
Frederick William, of Bolton Royd ; and Edwin, of New 
Laithes Hall, Leeds, who died in 1889, without issue. 
His only daughter, Emma, married William Foster, Esq., 
of Hornby Castle. 

Mr. F. W. Anderton married Ruth, daughter of John 
Foster, Esq., of Hornby Castle ; and secondly, Eliza, 
daughter of William Townend, Esq., of Cullingworth, and 
had issue by his first wife. He purchased the Bolton 
Royd estate in 1862 from the Horsfall family, and resided 



156 History of Manningham. 

there until his death in September, 1885. His eldest son, 
Mr. Herbert Foster Anderton, now resides there. Mr. 
F. W. Anderton was for many years sole partner in the 
firm of Swithin Anderton & Sons, of Eastbrook Mills, a 
position he retained until his son, Mr. H. F. Anderton, was 
admitted to the firm. Mr. F. W. Anderton was a devoted 
Churchman, and contributed several thousand pounds 
towards the erection and fabric of St. Mark's Church, 
Manningham, the whole of the chancel being erected at 
his cost. The fine organ at St. Mark's was due to the 
generosity of his brother, Mr. Edwin Anderton. 

SIR HENRY MITCHELL. 

The suburb known as Parkfield owes its origin to the 
development of that district for superior residences. The 
land originally formed part of the Bolton Royd estate, the 
property of John Garnett Horsfall, Esq. 

Parkfield House is the residence of Sir Henry Mitchell, 
a gentleman long and honourably associated with the 
commercial, municipal, educational, and religious interests 
of Bradford. Sir Henry is a native of Esholt, and in 
early life assumed a responsible position in the firm of 
Messrs. William Fison & Co., of Bradford. In 1848 he 
accepted the position of buyer for the gigantic concern of 
A. & S. Henry & Co., and became a partner in 1852. 
For many years Sir Henry has been the principal of the 
Bradford branch of Messrs. A. & S. Henry & Co., Limited, 
and his career has been of increasing prominence in both 
the commercial and public life of Bradford. Mr. Mitchell 
became successively a town councillor and an alderman of 
the borough, and in 1874-75 he held office as Mayor, 
acquitting himself with marked credit and acceptance in 
that high position. As a member of the Bradford Chamber 
of Commerce he accomplished much excellent work, and 
his name will long be remembered in connection with the 
deep and beneficial interest he has taken in the cause of 
technical education. Sir Henry was largely instrumental 
in the institution of the Bradford Technical College, which 



History of Manningham. 157 

was opened by H.R.H. the Prince of Wales on June 23rd, 
1882, and in recognition of his valuable services in connec- 
tion with this excellent institute, of which he has been 
president since its foundation, Her Majesty the Queen 
conferred upon him in 1887 the honour of knighthood. 
Sir Henry was a member of the first School Board 
for Bradford, he is a vice-president of the Bradford 
Mechanics' Institute, a magistrate for the borough, and a 
governor of the Bradford Grammar School. He is a 
devoted VVesleyan, and a prominent member of that body. 
It was largely through his generous contributions that St. 
John's Wesleyan Chapel, Manningham, was erected. 

GRAMMAR SCHOOL LANDS. 

The Bradford Grammar School lands in Manningham 
were in 1655 estimated at fifteen acres and a few perches; 
and in an inquisition taken at Elland in 1601 they were 
of the same extent. At the latter period they were 
described as having " anciently " belonged to the Free 
Grammar School of Bradford, and had been so employed 
to the use of a schoolmaster teaching grammar in the 
town of Bradford, " time whereof the memory of man was 
not to the contrary." These lands, however, only comprised 
a small portion of the endowment of the school, there 
being closes of land lying in the Milne Cliffe and Milne 
Holme, in Bradford, besides other property. The Milne 
Cliffe lands were in the neighbourhood of Stott Hill, 
the Holme (or flat land) lying beneath. It may not be 
generally known that the ancient lords of the manor of 
Bradford set up a corn mill in this locality, and hence the 
term " milne holme." The Grammar School of that day 
stood near the Parish Church. The total rent from the 
school lands in 1655 was only about .55 per annum. 

In a survey of the Manningham possessions of the 
school, taken in 1811, their extent is stated at 233. lor. 3p. 
The following were the names of the principal closes : 
Bowling Field (Daisy Hill), Rood End and Far Cliffe 
(Whetley Hill), Pashendock Croft (Back Lane), Jew Croft 



158 History of Manningham, 

and Tenter Croft (site of Drummond Road School), and 
Coal Holme (adjoining the Bradford Beck). 

Under the Act obtained in 1818, to enable the 
Governors of the Bradford Grammar Schools to dispose 
of the old School-house at the foot of Church Bank, and 
to erect the one which stood upon the site of the present 
school, and also to dispose of certain lands belonging to 
the foundation, the following lands in Manningham were 
named in the schedule, viz. : 

s- d. 
A Croft, or small Parcel of Land in Manningham 

called the Croft, containing 2r. 23p., and now 
occupied by William Frankland, along with 
other lands ... ... 300 

Five several Closes of Land in Manningham afore- 
said, called Rack Close, Little Ing, Upper 
Cliffe Field, Lower Cliffe Field, and Great 
Cliffe Field, containing together na. or. 3ip., 
and now occupied by John Jarratt 38 o o 

Two Closes of Land in Manningham aforesaid, 
called Rood Ends and Coal Holme, containing 
together ja. 3r. 3op., now in the occupation of 
William Cowgill ... ... 27 4 o 

A Close of Land in Manningham, called Stone 
Delph Close, containing la. 3r. yp., in the 
occupation of William Stephenson 11 o o 



HALLIWELL ASH. 

On the sloping ground between Belle Vue and the 
Midland Railway there once existed a spring of water, 
supposed to have preternatural virtues. The name it bore 
within present recollection is probably a corruption of 
Holy-well. The holy wells of England as elsewhere had not 
all the same virtues attached to them. Some were blessed 
if used for baptisms, to others were attributed curative 
properties, especially for sore or weak eyes, while others 
were supposed to possess mystical powers, insomuch as 
any article dipped in them became charms or safeguards 
against witchery. Any traditions associated with the 
spring at Halliwell (or Holywell) Ash are lost, but 



History of Manningham. 159 

certainly in the early part of the present century the place 
was a favourite resort of the townspeople on Sundays. 

The derivation of the name is doubtful. In the survey 
of 1638 a close called " Helliwell Ash" is mentioned as 
containing 2a. 3r. 26p., but without any indication as to its 
locality. The spelling of the name is of little moment. 
Mr. James, in his "History of Bradford," states that he had 
seen the place referred to in old deeds as " Helly-well." By 
his will, dated May, 1685, Thomas Lister, of Manningham, 
devised to his two daughters, Juliana Lambrecht and 
Elizabeth Stapleton, equal shares in two closes of land 
called "Holywell Ash" and " Delf Close," besides other 
lands in Manningham. In the will disposing of the 
possessions of Juliana Lambrecht, her moiety of " Holywell 
Esh" was bequeathed to Francis Stapleton, her nephew. 
In due course the lands in question were inherited by 
Francis Sharp Bridges, and have latterly belonged to Sir 
Francis Sharp Powell, M.P., in whose writings the form 
of spelling is given as " Halliwell Ash." 

Upon the ground in question there used to be a fine 
well of water issuing out of the higher ground, to which 
tradition assigned healing virtues. Might not the name of 
"holy" come from this circumstance? Sufficient import- 
ance attaches to the tradition, however, to have led the 
framers of the recent ordnance plan of Manningham to 
preserve the name, although the widening of the Midland 
Railway below Thorncliffe Terrace has almost obliterated 
the site. 



History of Manningham. 



161 



APPENDIX. 



MANNINGHAM FREEHOLDERS IN 1839. 



The following list of property owners in Manningham 
township in 1839 is from the Valuation Book prepared by 
Mr. Thomas Dixon, surveyor and valuer. 



Owners. 

Ackroyd, William ... 
Ackroyd, Edward ... 
Ackroyd, Samuel 
Ackroyd, Ann 
Ackroyd, Jonathan ... 
Ackroyd, Robert 
Ambler, James 
Atkinson, Robert ... 
Ashworth, Abraham 
Baptist Society 
Baldwin, Joseph (late) 
Bairstow, Joseph 
Beanland, Ann 
Beanland, Sarah 
Beanland, James 
Beanland, Henry 
Beanland, John 
Francis, Ackroyd ... 

Do. 
Bingley Poor 

Booth, Miss 

Booth, Mrs. (late) ... 
Booth, Jonas... 

Booth, Jonas 

Bradford Free 



Situation. 

...Lumb Lane ... 

...Wood Street ... 

...Daisy Hill ... 

...Daisy Hill ... 

...Daisy Hill ... 

...Thornton Road 

...Four Lane Ends 

...White Abbey 

...White Abbey... 

...Lady Royd ... 

...Whetley Fold 
Lumb Lane ... 

...Manningham... 

Manningham... 

White Abbey 

Wood Street ... 

...Four Lane Ends 

...Squire Lane ... 

...near Crow Trees 

near Lister's Mill 

Duce Lane ... 

Back Lane ... 

Manningham... 

Manningham... 

Grammar 



School, Trustees of ...Manningham Lane . 
Do. Manningham... 



Description. 
..Cottages. 
.Cottages. 
.Garden and land. 
.Cottages and stable. 
.Cottages. 
.Land. 
.Cottages. 
.Building land. 
.Cottages. 
..Sunday school. 
.Cottages. 
.Cottages. 
.Cottages. 
.Cottages. 
.Cottages. 
.Cottage. 

.Cottages and land. 
.House and land. 
.Cottages. 
.Land. 

.House and land. 
.Cottage. 
.Cottage. 
..Cottages and shop. 

..House and land. 
.House and land. 



162 



History of Manninghom. 



Owners. Situation. 

Bradford and Keighley Turn- 
pike Road, Trustees of Carr Syke 

Do. ...Towler Lane ... 

Bradford and Thornton Turn- 
pike Road, Trustees of Brick Lane ... 
Bridges, Francis Sharpe, 



Description. 

...Carr Syke Bar-house. 
...Chain Bar-house. 

...Brick Lane Toll-bar. 



Esquire 


...Manningham Lane 


...Garden. 


Do 


...Manningham 


...Land. 


Do 


...Manningham Lane 


. . . Land. 


Do 


...North Parade 


..Houses and gardens. 


Do 


...White Abbey 


...Land. 


Do 


...Four Lane Ends 


...Land. 


Do 


...Whetley 


...Land. 


Brougham, , Esq. 


...Manningham... 


...House and land. 


Do 


...Bolton Lane ... 


...Land. 


Do 


...Manningham... 


...Cottages. 


Do 


...Upper Globe... 


...Land. 


Do 


...Back Lane ... 


. . . Land. 


Do 


...Lumb Lane ... 


. . . Land. 


Do 


...Towler Lane ... 


...Land. 


Do 


...Brick Lane ... 


...Spinning mill, 






reservoir, &c. 


Butterfield. Francis ... 


...Back Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


Burnley, Joseph 


...Manningham... 


...Cottages. 


Burnley, Rachel 


...Manningham... 


...Cottages. 


Broadbent, Robert ... 


...Wood Street ... 


...Cottages. 


Do 


...Brick Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


Brear, Thomas 


...Whetley Hill... 


...Cottage. 


Calvert, John 


...Manningham... 


...House and shop. 


Clarke, Walter 


...Manningham Lane 


...House and garden. 


Clarke, John ... 


...Manningham Lane 


...Cottages. 


Do 


...Manningham... 


...Cottages and shop. 


Church Building Society 


...Manningham Lane 


...Land. 


Clayton, Jeremiah (late) 


...Spring Row ... 


...House. 


Clayton, Sarah 


...Spring Row ... 


...House. 


Clayton, John (late)... 


...Brick Lane ... 


...Houses and gardens. 


Cowgill, Brian 


...Trees 


...Houses and land. 


Cowgill, William 


...Back Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


Copley, William 


...White Abbey... 


...Beerhouse. 


Crabtree, Richard ... 


...White Abbey... 


...Building land. 


Crabtree, Samuel ... 


...Manningham... 


...House and barn. 


Craven, Benjamin ... 


...Daisy Hill ... 


...Cottages. 


Denby, John 


...Spring Street 


...Houses and 






warehouses. 


Denby, Jonas 


...Spring Street 


...House. 


Denby, Benjamin ... 


...Whetley 


...Cottages. 



History of Manningham. 



168 



Owners. 


Situation. 


Description. 


Drake, Joseph 


..Manningham... 


..Cottages. 


Drake, William 


..Spring Street 


..Cottages. 


Duffield, Frs., Esq 


..Manningham Lane . 


..Land. 


Edmondson, William 


..Manningham... 


..Cottages. 


Ellis, William 


..Wood Street ... 


..Cottage. 


England, John 


..Lumb Lane ... 


..Cottages. 


Farrar, Nancy 


..Wood Street ... 


..Cottage. 


Farrar, Samuel 


..Four Lane Ends 


..Beerhouse. 


Fearnsides, John 


..Brick Lane ... 


..Houses and land. 


Do 


..New Miller Dam Inn 


..New Miller Dam Inn 






and cottages. 


Fairfax, Fearnley ... 


..Daisy Hill ... 


..House and land. 


Field, J. W., Esq. (late) . 


..Heaton Lane... 


..Land. 


Do 


..Law Croft Lane 


..Land. 


Do 


..Daisy Hill ... 


..House and land. 


Firth, John 


..Manningham... 


..Cottages. 


Firth, Nathan 


..Law Croft Lane 


..Land. 


Flesher, Benjamin ... 


..Towler Lane ... 


..House and land. 


Four Lane Ends Sick Club. 


..Daisy Hill ... 


..Cottages. 


Frankland, John 


..Law Croft Lane 


..Land and shed. 


Frankland, William... 


..Daisy Hill ... 


..Cottages and land. 


Garforth, late, Samuel 


.Daisy Hill ... 


..Cottages. 


Gelder, Joshua 


Brick Lane . . 


Cottages 


Gleadall, George 


..North Parade 


..Houses. 


Greenwood, Nathan 


..Wood Street ... 


..Cottage. 


Greenwood, William 


.Wood Street ... 


..Cottage and stable. 


Greenwood, Joseph ... 


.Four Lane Ends 


..Cottages and gardens. 


Greenough, William 


.Spring Row ... 


..House. 


Haley, Henry 


.near Crow Trees 


..Cottages. 


Hardcastle, Aked & Co. 


. Squire Lane ... 


..Reservoir, colliery, 






engine-house, &c. 


Hammond, Benjamin 


.Four Lane Ends 


..Cottages. 


Halliday, Richard ... 


.Towler Lane ... 


..Cottages. 


Halliday & Wood 


.Lumb Lane ... 


..Cottages. 


Halliday, Thomas ... 


..Duce Lane ... 


..Houses and land. 


Harris, Alfred, Esq.... 


.Manningham Lane . 


..House, garden, and 






land. 


Hartley, Ann 


.Wood Street ... 


..Cottages. 


Hartley, Joseph 


.Wood Street ... 


..Cottage. 


Hartley, John 


.Whetley 


..Cottages. 


Hebblethwaite, John 


.Green Lane ... 


..Building land. 


Hill, John 


.Manningham... 


..Cottages. 


Do 


.Daisy Hill ... 


..Cottages. 


Hill, Thomas 


.Manningham... 


..Cottages. 


Do 


.White Abbey... 


..House and shop, and 






cottages. 



164 



History of Manningham. 



Owners. 


Situation. 


Hill, Thomas 


.Brick Lane ... 


Hill, Joshua 


.White Abbey 


Hill, Eliab 


.Spring Street 


Hill, William 


.Whetley 


Horsfall, John Garnett, Esq. 


.Bolton Royd ... 


Horsfall, Thos. Hill, Esq. .. 


.Whetley Hill... 


Hollings, Joseph, Esq. 


.Manningham... 


Do 


.Whetley 


Hollings, Thomas, Esq. 


.Manningham... 


Do 


.Towler Lane ... 


Do 


.Brick Lane ... 


Holmes, Betty 


.Manningham . . . 


Hurst, William 


.Brick Lane ... 


Huddleston, Nathan 


.Four Lane Ends 


Illingworth, Jonas ... 


.Wood Street ... 


Illingworth, Thomas 


.Spring Row ... 


Illingworth, Titus ... 


.Four Lane Ends 


Isles & Letch, Messrs. 


.Squire Lane ... 


Do 


.Thiefscore Bridge 


Do 


.Four Lane Ends 


Jackson, John 


.Whetley 


Jackson & Ogden, Messrs.. 


.Lower Globe Mill 


Jarratt, John ... 


.Spring Row ... 


Jarratt, Matthew 


.Spring Row ... 


Jarratt, Amy 


.Wheatley 


Do 


.Whetley 


Jones, Robert 


.near Lister's Mill 


Do 


.White Abbey... 


Jowett, Miss ... 


.Clock House ... 


Do 


.Back Lane ... 


Do 


. Lumb Lane ... 


Do 


.Upper Globe... 


Do 


.Daisy Hill ... 


Do 


.Four Lane Ends 


Do 


.Wheatley 


Do 


.near Brown Royd 


Do 


.Hedge Side Farm 


Do 


.Brick Lane ... 


Do 


.Thiefscore Bridge 


Do 


.Four Lane Ends 


Do 


.near Throstle Nest 


Jowett, Joseph 


.North Parade 


Do 


.Four Lane Ends 



Description. 

...Houses and garden. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottages. 

...House, park, and land. 
...House and land. 
...Cottages. 
...House and land. 
...Cottages. 
...House and land. 
...Land. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottages. 

...Cottages and garden. 
...Cottage. 
...Cottage 
...Cottages. 
...House and land. 
...House and land. 
...House and land. 
...Cottages. 
...Mill, house, reservoir, 

and land. 
...Houses. 
...Houses. 
...Houses. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottages. 
...House, gardens, and 

pleasure grounds. 
...Cottages and land. 
...Land. 
...Cottages. 
...House and land. 
...Land and coalpit. 
...Wheatley House and 

land. 

...House and land. 
...House and land. 
...Cottages. 
...House and land. 
...Land. 

...House and land. 
...Houses. 
...Cottages. 



History of Manningham. 



165 



Owners. 


Situation. 


Description. 


Jowett, Edmund 


...North Parade 


...House. 


Keighley, Daniel 


...near Crow Trees 


...Cottage, &c. 


Kitchen, John 


...Wheatley 


...Cottage and land 


Do. 


...Wheatley 


...Lower Globe Inn and 






combing shop. 


Kitchen, Thomas ... 


...Squire Lane ... 


...Cottage. 


Kitchen, Mary (late) 


...Squire Lane ... 


...Cottages and land. 


Knowles, Jonas 


...Manningham Lane 


...Land. 


Knowles, George 


. . . Manningham 


...Garden and land. 


Knight, Mrs. 


...Manningham .. 


...Cottages. 


Lace, Mr 


...Manningham... 


...House and land. 


Do 


. ..Towler Lane ... 


...Land. 


Lambert, Edward ... 


...Manningham Lane 


...House and land. 


Law, Richard 


...Wood Street ... 


...Cottage and shop. 


Landan, Rev. James 


...Brick Lane ... 


. . . Land and shed. 


Leatham, William. Esq. 


...Carr Syke 


...Land. 


Leach, John 


...Wood Street ... 


...Cottage. 


Ledgard, Jeremiah ... 


...Wheatley 


. . . Cottage. 


Ledgard, Thomas . . . 


...Wheatley 


...Cottage. 


Ledgard, Mrs. 


...Upper Globe... 


...Old Globe Inn, land, 






and cottages. 


Lister, Ellis Cunliffe, Esq. 


...Manningham... 


...Manningham House 






and land. 


Do 


...Manningham Lane 


...Land. 


Do 


...Spotted House 


...Lister's Arms Inn and 






land. 


Do 


...Manningham Lane 


...Garden. 


Do 


...Broad Lane ... 


...Land. 


Do 


...Manningham... 


...Houses. 


Do 


...Manningham... 


...Spinning mill, land, 






and cottages. 


Do 


...Towler Lane ... 


...Land. 


Do 


...Daisy Hill ... 


...Land and quarry. 


Longbottom, Nancy 


...Wood Street ... 


...Cottage. 


Lund, Joseph 


...near Upper Globe 


...Cottages. 


Lupton, Joshua 


...Crow Trees ... 


...House and land. 


Manningham School, 






Trustees of 


...Back Lane ... 


...House and school. 


Manningham, Township of 


...Daisy Hill ... 


...Land and quarries. 


Margerison, Richard, Esq. 


...Bolton Royds 


...House and land. 


Do 


...Daisy Hill ... 


...Cottages. 


Marshall, John 


...Lumb Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


Marsden, James 


...Brick Lane ... 


...Garden and houses. 


Mercer, Caleb 


...Lumb Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


Mercer, James 


..Daisy Hill ... 


...Cottages. 


Mercer, Hannah 


...Daisy Hill ... 


...Cottages. 



166 



History of Manningham. 



Owners. Situation. 

Mercer, Thomas Daisy Hill .. 

Methodist Society, Trustees 

of White Abbey 



Do. 



...Daisy Hill 



Milner, Joseph (late) ...Daisy Hill ... 



Middleton, Trustees of 

late Joseph 
Murgatroyd, Thomas 
Mortimer, Daniel 
Mortimer, Susannah 

Myers, Isaac 

Naylor, Isaac 
Newall, John 
Nicholson, Henry ... 
Ogden, Joseph 
Oliver and Ray Nessim 
Patchett, Joshua 

Do 

Do 

Patchett, Isaac 
Patchett, William ... 
Parker, Jeremiah 
Parkinson, John 
Pearson, Caleb 
Pearson, Nancy 
Pickles, Hammond and 
Preston, Messrs. 

Pickles, Eli 

Pickles, John... 
Powell, Robert 
Pullan, Thomas (late) 
Rawson, Benjamin, Esq. 
Riley, James ... 
Rhodes, Thomas 

Do 

Rhodes, Isaac 
Rhodes, Thomas 
Rhodes, Francis 
Roberts, James 
Roberts, John 
Robinson, Daniel 
Robinson, J. W. 
Buttershaw, Thomas 



Description. 
.Land and cottages. 

.Chapel, school, and 
cottages. 

.Chapel and chapel- 
yard. 

. House, shop, and beer- 
house. 



the 




...Green Lane ... 


...Land and quarry, 


...Wood Street... 


...Cottage. 


...Four Lane Ends 


...Cottage. 


...Daisy Hill ... 


...Cottages. 


...Spring Row ... 


...House. 


...Manningham... 


...Cottages. 


...Manningham... 


...Cottages and school. 


...Wheatley Lane 


...House and land. 


...Wood Street ... 


...Cottage. 


...Squire Lane ... 


...House and land. 


...Back Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


...Towler Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


...Daisy Hill ... 


...Land. 


...Manningham Lane 


...Houses. 


...White Abbey... 


...Building land. 


...White Abbey... 


...Cottages. 


...White Abbey... 


...Cottage. 


...Daisy Hill ... 


...Cottages. 


...Throstle Nest 


...Land and Cottages. 


...Lumb Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


...Four Lane Ends 


...Cottages and garden. 


...Squire Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


...Wood Street ... 


...Cottage. 


...Brick Lane ... 


. . . Garden. 


...Manningham Lane 


...Land. 


...Wood Street... 


...Cottage. 


...Manningham Lane 


...Garden and house. 


...Duce Lane ... 


. . . Land and cottages. 


...Manningham... 


...House and shop. 


...White Abbey... 


...Cottage. 


...White Abbey... 


...Cottages. 


...Manningham... 


...Cottages. 


...Four Lane Ends 


...Cottages. 


...Wood Street ... 


...Cottage. 


...Brick Lane ... 


...Land. 


...Spring Row ... 


...House. 



History of Manningham. 



167 



Owners. 

Roper, Charles 

Roper, Grace 

Scott, William 

Smith, William 

Smith, Henry 

Smith, Pollard 

Smith, Lawrence 

Smith, Prince 

Smith, John 

Smyth, George Henry, Esq.. 



Situation. 
near Crow Trees 

Four Lane Ends 
Wood Street ... 
Wood Street ... 
.Wheatley Spring St. 
Four Lane Ends 
.Four Lane Ends 
.Four Lane Ends 
.Brovvnroyd 



Description. 
.Cottages. 
.Cottage. 

.Cottages and gardens. 
.Cottages and shop. 
.Cottages. 
.Cottages. 
.Cottages. 

.Craven Heifer Inn. 
.House and shop. 
.Soke mill, mill dam, 
house, and land. 



Snowden, John Daisy Hill 


...Cottage. 


Snowden, Joseph Samuel.. Manningham... 


..Cottages. 


Spooner, John ... ...Daisy Hill 


...Cottages. 


Stead, Joshua ... ...Manningham Lane 


...Land. 


Suburban Society Building 




Club ... ... ...Lunib Lane ... 


...Land. 


Sugden, Thomas Manningham... 


...Cottage. 


Sugden, William Wheatley Spring St 


...Cottage. 


Stead, Miss Daisy Hill ... 


...Cottage. 


Tetley, William Brick Lane ... 


...Land and cottages. 


Tetley, Joseph Daisy Hill ... 


...House and land. 


Thompson, Matthew (Colne). White Abbey... 


...Cottages, 


Thompson, Matthew, Esq....Towler Lane ... 


...Manningham Lodge. 


Do. ... ... ...Upper Globe... 


...Land. 


Do. ... ... ...Towler Lane ... 


...Cottages and land. 


Thwaites, Thomas Lunib Lane ... 


...Land and cottages. 


Town, Joseph Wood Street ... 


...Cottage. 


Tordoff, James Four Lane Ends 


...Cottage and smith's 




shop. 


Toothing, Jonathan Daisy Hill 


...Cottages. 


Warburton, John Back Lane ... 


...Cottage. 


Wadsworth, Joshua Duce Lane 


...House and land. 


Watson, John Manningham... 


...Cottages. 


Walker,- White Abbey... 


...Cottages and yard. 


Walker, John Daisy Hill ... 


...Cottages. 


Ward, Mrs Daisy Hill ... 


...House and pleasure 




grounds. 


Ward, Samuel Squire Lane ... 


...Cottages. 


Waugh, William Four Lane Ends 


...Cottages. 


White, John White Abbey... 


...Cottage. 


White, Joseph (late) White Abbey... 


...Houses. 


White, John (late) White Abbey... 


...Houses. 


Whittam, Robert 


...Cottages. 


Whittaker, Michael Whetley 


...Cottages. 


Whitley, Edward Whetley 


...Cottages. 



168 

Owners. 

Wheater, John 
Wilson, James 



Wilkinson, John 

Wilde, John 

Wood, Rev. Nicholas 
Wood, Benjamin 
Wood, Isaac ... 
Wood, Elizabeth 
Wood, William 
Wood, Joseph 
Wood, Messrs. 
Wood, Job... 

Do 

Wood, Isaac ... 

Wood, John 

Wood, Ellen 

Wright, Rev. Godfrey 
Wood, Thomas 
Wyrill, Thomas 
Yewdall, Benjamin ... 



History of Manningham. 



Situation. 

.Four Lane Ends 
.White Abbey... 

.Whetley 
.Wheatley 
.Manningham... 
.Back Lane ... 
.Lumb Lane ... 
.Lumb Lane ... 
.Lumb Lane ... 
.Lumb Lane ... 
.Lumb Lane ... 
.White Abbey... 

.White Abbey... 
..White Abbey... 

.White Abbey... 
.Towler Lane ... 
.Manningham Lane 
.Towler Lane ... 
.Brick Lane ... 
..Wood Street.. 



Description. 

...Cottages and garden. 
...House, shops, and 

timber yard. 
...Cottages. 
...Houses. 

. . . Cottages and beershop. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottages. 
...Building land. 
...Building land and 

beershop. 
...Victoria Inn, stables, 

&c. 
...Combing shop and 

cottages. 
...Cottages. 
...Land. 
...Land. 

...Houses and garden. 
...Cottages. 
...Cottage and shop. 



The total amount of the valuation of Manningham 
township was, in 1839, 9503 145. 




HISTORY OF HEATON. 



HISTORY OF HEATON. 



CHAPTER I. 
DESCRIPTIVE. 

Heaton As It Was Its Pleasing Conformation Roads and Approaches Landed 
Proprietors Streams and Reservoirs Mineral Resources Agriculture Rectnt 
Improvements Population and Rateable Value. 

The village of Heaton, which not long ago would 
have been regarded as too far distant ever to be united 
to Bradford, has become so in a double sense. Not the 
village only but the township have been annexed to the 
borough in a municipal bond, whilst there is now a 
continuous connection between the two places in lines of 
dwellings. It seems a far cry to the time when Heaton 
was noted for its garden "pcys" and its rural surroundings. 
As to its approaches few places " round about Bradford " 
can show better, but what they were like in the olden 
time we are reminded in the old couplet 

If you'd seen these roads before they were made, 
Vou'd lift up your hands and bless General Wade. 

Old inhabitants tell us that when Squire Field and his 
family essayed a journey from Heaton to Bradford, their 
usual turn-out of four horses was augmented to six, the 
better to plough through the sloughs of mud lying between 
the two places. Thanks to the annexation movement and 
the Bradford Corporation, instead of the " sloughs " there 
are well-macadamised roads and fine boulevards reaching 
up to the entrance of the village. 

In old documents, the village of Heaton is described 
as "Heaton-on-the-Hill," a by no means inappropriate 



174 History of Heaton. 

description. The general contour of the land comprised 
within the township is pleasing, abounding as it does in 
gentle undulations, interspersed with streams and woods. 
The almost entire absence of manufacturing premises will 
in the future, as in the past, tend to preserve the township 
as a residential neighbourhood. Until the year 1781, 
Heaton township was largely moorland and unenclosed. 
It still remains in great measure open country, although 
the tendency is distinctly towards absorption for residential 
purposes, especially in the direction of Emm Lane and 
Frizinghall. 

The township is intersected by the old Bradford and 
Kcighley Road, which, passing through White Abbey and 
along Toller Lane, crossed over Heaton High Moor and 
forwards to Cottingley Bridge. A branch from this old 
road was constructed about the year 1760 to Colne in 
Lancashire by way of Wilsden and Haworth, and is now 
known as Haworth Road. Although little used for through 
vehicular traffic, the laying out of this road has materially 
aided in developing the getting and transporting the valu- 
able beds of stone quarried in that neighbourhood. 

The new Bradford and Keighley Highway is more 
fully referred to at page 6. It passes through the 
Frizinghall portion of the township in continuation of 
Manningham Lane. The Leeds and Bradford section of 
the Midland Railway Company's system, opened on July 
1st, 1846, passes through Frizinghall, and cuts off a small 
portion of that part of the township abutting upon the 
Bradford Beck. The road from Bradford to Heaton, 
skirting Manningham Mills, is that previously referred to 
as a " slough of despond " in Joshua Field's time. This 
road generally follows the configuration of the land, and 
in certain portions of it still partakes of a switchback 
character, especially as it approaches Heaton Royds and 
Heaton Shay. 

The township of Heaton contains an area of 1322 acres, 
of which 880 acres belong to the Earl of Rosse, the lord 
of the manor. About eighteen acres at Chellow, originally 
forming part of the Rosse estates, have been disposed of to 



History of Heaton. 175 

the Bradford Corporation for the construction of filter beds 
in connection with the Nidd scheme of waterworks for the 
borough, and for the same purpose upwards of a hundred 
acres, which formed part of the Jowett or Clockhotise 
estate. This land is in immediate contiguity to the 
reservoir at Chellow Dean, belonging to the Bradford 
Corporation. On the eastern side of the township there 
are numerous owners of land, chief among them being the 
Lister family of Manningham Hall, and the Marriners of 
Keighley, descendants of the Listers of Frizinghall. Of 
smaller proprietors, John Beanland, Jacob Denby, John 
Wood, Edward Leatham, and Samuel Crabtree may be 
named, either as past or present owners. 

The old settlements of Heaton comprised the "town" 
itself with the hamlet of Frizinghall, also Heaton Royds, 
Heaton Shay, Heaton Syke, Carr Syke, Chellow Grange, 
Chellow Heights, Swain Royd, and North Hall. Other 
singular names occur, such as Gethsemane, Paradise, Eden, 
Bay of Biscay, and Dungeon, the derivations of which it 
would be difficult to trace. A portion of Lister Park is in 
Heaton. 

The streams running through Heaton are five in num- 
ber, namely Bradford Beck, Carr Syke Beck, Red Beck, 
Chellow Dean Beck, and Sandy Lane Beck. Chellow 
Dean Reservoirs, dividing Heaton from Allerton, collect 
the waters from the Manywells Spring at Hewenden, and 
were acquired by the Bradford Corporation from the 
original private waterworks company. Together with the 
surrounding woods, the reservoir grounds form an attractive 
and popular resort during the summer months. Heaton 
Royds Beck, while winding its way through the ravine 
bounded by North Cliff Wood, is equally picturesque. 
What is known as Heaton Reservoir, which is upon the 
low-level system of the Bradford Waterworks scheme, is a 
large sheet of water, of some eight acres in extent, but the 
pumping-station and tall chimney attached somewhat 
detract from the otherwise pleasing surroundings. 

Heaton has long been famous for good stone. The 
area of one bed of good stone was nearly in the centre of 



176 History of Heaton. 

the village proper, and was about 400 yards long and 300 
yards broad. The greatest portion of it was in Lord 
Rosse's land. The following families were interested in 
working these quarries about seventy years ago, viz. : 
Burnleys, Sowdens, Cravens, Milnes, and later on Abraham 
and John Hill. The whole of this large area of stone was 
finished a short time ago. Another bed of good stone 
was discovered by W. Parkinson a little over fifty years 
ago, which has been worked continuously up to the 
present time. This bed commenced near Bingley Road 
(west side), and continued right into Haworth Road, a 
distance of nearly half a mile, varying from IOO to 2OO 
yards wide. Thirty years ago over 200 men were employed 
at this quarry by Abraham & John Hill, since then by 
Dyson & Tetley, Hill & Kendall, John Kay & Son, and 
Roper & Co. The quarries varied from twenty to thirty 
yards deep. Most of them have now become exhausted, 
though there is a quantity of stone still to get along the 
side of Haworth Road, which may last twenty or thirty 
years for one quarry. In 1875 there were seventeen 
quarries at work on the Rosse estate, and in 1895 only seven 
quarries, and two on the Jowett estate. Nearly all the 
stone in Heaton is of the cleavage kind, though very solid 
and of good quality. Up to the year 1882 Messrs. J. 
Briggs & Co. worked the "hard bed" and "soft bed" 
coal, near West House Farm, Haworth Road, but they 
have not been worked since. 

The only manufacturing premises are at the eastern 
and western extremities of the township. At Sandy Lane 
are the extensive works of Messrs. Charles Sowden and 
Sons, which were enlarged in 1891. Dumb Mill at 
Frizinghall is also in Heaton township. The old mill 
now belongs to the Bradford Corporation. Before the 
power-loom era many of the inhabitants wove dobbies, 
camlets, and other heavy goods, either for the Cravens or 
Messrs. Hargreaves of Frizinghall. 

Farming is largely carried on throughout the township, 
especially grazing, the demand for milk having in recent 
years caused more cattle to be kept, and during the past 



History of Heat on. 177 

ten years there has been a considerable outlay on the 
Rosse estate in improving barns, mistals, and stables. The 
Heaton farmers are mostly a thrifty and careful section of 
the community. 

Long before the people of Bradford were in possession 
of a public park, Heatonians boasted of their Quarry Hill 
as a breathing place, from whence a splendid prospect was 
attainable while enjoying the western breezes. The place 
was of the roughest formation, being nothing better, in fact, 
than a huge mound of refuse left after quarrying operations 
had been terminated, and subsequently covered with soil. 
Some years ago the management of Quarry Hill was 
handed over to a committee of the inhabitants of Heaton 
upon the payment of a small acknowledgment to Lady 
Rosse's agents, and some improvements were made in 
levelling the ground and planting the adjoining slopes. 
Since the annexation of Heaton to the borough, the com- 
mittee have delegated their functions and privileges to the 
Parks Committee of the Corporation. From this elevated 
spot, views may be obtained of the bold outlines of Ingle- 
borough and Penyghent almost any fine day. Eastward 
are Hope Hill, Baildon High Plain, and Idle Hill ; and on 
the west the hill ranges of Allerton and Denholme. The 
altitude of Heaton Hill is 700 feet. 

The township of Heaton has also its suburbs, namely, 
Sandy Lane and Frizinghall. The former lies at the 
western extremity of the township, where it adjoins the 
township of Allerton, but being also at some distance from 
the village bearing that name, " Sandy Loin " has generally 
been regarded as an independent hamlet. Here a number 
of buildings for residential and manufacturing purposes 
have of late been erected. Frizinghall is essentially an 
outgrowth of the borough, and is a remarkable example 
of the tendency in modern times to exchange the hurly- 
burly of town-life for the serener atmosphere of the country. 
The old village of Frizinghall, formerly the abode of a few 
hand -loom cloth-makers, has become absorbed by the 
erection of numerous dwellings, chiefly upon what was 
known as the Shipley Fields estate, formerly a portion of 
M 



178 History of Heaton. 

the family property of the Listers. The Heaton Grove 
estate has also become studded with superior villa resi- 
dences, erected upon the model of the Swiss chalets. This 
portion of the district has been well served since the 
opening of Frizinghall station on the Midland Railway in 
February, 1875. 

The incentive to an increase in building operations at 
Heaton was supplied about the year 1870. Prior to that 
period the Rosse estate was well-nigh intact, the Field 
family and Lord Rosse having hitherto offered few facilities 
for the increase of buildings of any description. Those 
comprised within the village itself were of the humblest 
character, and in the central portions were huddled together 
in a very higgledy-piggledy fashion, and lamentably 
wanting in regard to sanitation. The main street remained 
much as it had been for generations. Acting upon the 
advice of her agents, Messrs. Smith & Gotthardt, the late 
Countess of Rosse, who then enjoyed the Heaton estate, 
was induced to dispose of land for building purposes, and 
at the same time her agents prepared a most comprehensive 
plan for laying out and developing the estate. The 
Marriner family also disposed of a number of building 
plots, upon one of which the United College in Emm 
Lane was erected ; and the Shipley Fields portion of 
Heaton, belonging to Mr. T. T. Cunliffe Lister, subsequently 
came into the market. 

The result of all this has been a complete transform- 
ation in the appearance of Heaton village and its 
surroundings. Wide, good roads supplant the former 
narrow, ill-kept approaches. Very little of the old village 
remains ; villa residences of a high rental occupy com- 
manding positions afforded by the naturally favoured 
situation. The natural elevation of the place also gives it 
a decided advantage in respect to pure air ; and altogether 
" Heaton-on-the-Hill " is one of the most delightful suburbs 
of Bradford. 

The township of Heaton was annexed to Bradford 
borough in May, 1882. The population at the census of 
1891 was 4073. A re-valuation of the township was made 



History of Heaton. 179 

in the year 1887 by Messs. Smith & Gotthardt, when the 
rateable value assessable for poor-rate was about 1 5,300. 
In 1895 it was .22,900. 

The annexation of Heaton township tended some- 
what to modify the angularity undoubtedly created by the 
addition of Allerton to the previously compact borough. 
Apart, however, from appearance sake, the addition of 
Heaton gives to the borough a suburb possessing features 
of peculiar value, geographically considered. The annexa- 
tion of Heaton and Allerton enclose within the borough 
boundary the two reservoirs situated at Chellow Dean. 
Upon general grounds, therefore, it was desirable that the 
Corporation should have local jurisdiction upon both sides 
of the reservoirs. 




180 History of Heaton. 



CHAPTER II. 
ANCIENT HISTORY. 

Heatonians of 1379 Descent of Heaton Manor Hearth Tax in 1666 Landowners 
in 1699 Enclosure of Heaton Common The Award Tythe Survey Survey 
of 1839. 

Although not mentioned in Domesday Book, Heaton 
(originally spelt Heton or Highton) has some pretensions 
to antiquity. In the poll-tax levied by Richard the 
Second, in 1379, the following return is given, representing 
the inhabitants of Heaton at that period who were subject 
to taxation : 

In Heaton (Heton, in Bradforthdale), there were seventeen who 
paid 4d. each, viz.: 

Alice de Birchew. Robert and William del Scholes. 

Alice and John de Chellow. Robert Smyth. 

John Couper. Alice Smyth, wife. 

Adam and Emma de Halton. John de Stanland (Stainland). 

Richard de Heton. John, son of Thomas. 

John Kirkeman. John, servant of Thomas. 
Cecily, relict of Richard. Total, vs. viijd. 

Thomas del Rodes. 

Heaton is included in Bradford. 

It would appear that the manor of Heaton along with 
Chellow originally belonged to the Everinghams. From 
the Everinghams Heaton manor went to the Leeds family, 
Roger de Leeds being returned Lord of the Manor in 
1316. About 200 years later Henry Batt, of Oakwell Hall, 
near Birstall, was in possession, he being succeeded by John 
Batt, his son, and about 1600 by Robert Batt, bachelor in 
divinity. In 1628, John Batt, of Oakwell, son of the last- 
named, was Lord of the Manor of Heaton. A somewhat 
rapid transfer of the manor appears to have taken place 



History of Heaton. 181 

at this period. By deed, dated September 5th, 1634, John 
Smyth, of Bradford, a member of the Smyths of Miryshay, 
" for a valuable consideration," conveyed the manor or 
lordship of Heaton to Joseph Field, of Shipley, and 
William Midgley, of Baildon. About a year afterwards, 
namely, by deed dated October 3Oth, 1635, William Midgley 
released, for a consideration therein mentioned, all his rights 
and claims to the manor, in favour of Joseph Field and 
his heirs. On the death of Joseph Field, the manorial 
lordship passed to his son, John Field, who was Lord of 
the Manor from 1660 to 1712, when he died. The estates 
and lordship next passed to Joseph Field, of Shipley, a 
nephew of the last-named. He died unmarried in 1733, 
and was succeeded by his nephew, John Field, who died 
in 1772, and was succeeded by Joshua Field, his only 
son and heir. This gentleman, who is still remembered 
as "Squire Field," died in 1819, leaving his son, John 
Wilmer Field, Lord of the manor of Heaton, and he 
added the Shipley manor by purchase. John Wilmer Field 
was twice married, and died in January, 1837, leaving 
two daughters, co-heiresses, Mary and Delia, who married 
respectively Lord Oxmantown (afterwards the Earl of 
Rosse) and the Hon. Arthur Duncombe, son of Lord 
Feversham. On the death of Mr. John Wilmer Field, the 
Heaton and Shipley estates fell to his eldest daughter, 
Lady Rosse. The Earl of Rosse died in 1867, and his 
widow, the late Countess, in July, 1885, leaving four sons, 
the eldest of whom, Laurence, is the present Earl of 
Rosse, and also Lord of the Manors of Heaton and 
Shipley. 

Such, in brief, is the descent of the manor of Heaton 
to the present time. A more ample reference to the Field 
family, the Earls of Rosse, and their Heaton estates, will 
be made in a subsequent chapter. 

The hearth tax or hearth money was a levy instituted 
by William the Conqueror upon all domestic hearths, and 
all local authorities were required to furnish returns each 
Lady Day upon which to base payments. These returns 
give the names of all the inhabitants who could afford 



182 History of Heaton. 

fires in their dwellings, and in the year 1666 we find the 
number of hearths in Heaton-cum-Clayton, the two places 
being then joined, to be 178. The following is a list of 
the names of those owning three hearths and over, those 
below three not being given, viz. : 

No. of No. of 

Hearths. Hearths. 

Mr. Edward Bowling... ... 6 John Midgley 3 

Timothy Royds 4 Isaac Hollings 5 

Jeremiah Holmes 4 John Hirst 4 

Edward Marshall 3 William Blamires 3 

Matthew Craven 3 Richard Webster 3 

James Lister 3 Richard Holdsworth 5 

William Bradshaw ... ... 3 



LANDOWNERS IN 1699. 

An assessment grant by Act of Parliament to his 
Majesty King William, "for disbanding the army and other 
necessary occasions," was made at Heaton, in 1699, from 
which reliable information is obtainable as to the owners 
and occupiers of land at that period. We give the list 
entire, retaining also the former mode of spelling : 

4 
Edward Boiling or occupier ... 03 oo 10 

William Boiling' 01 02 6 

John Ffield, jun. ... 01 02 6 

Occupiers of Greengate farme oo 10 01 

Occupiers of Abram Roads farme ... 02 14 11 

John Booth ... oo 02 9 

Tho. Walker oo 10 7 

James Hall or occupier ... oo 12 6 

John Gaukrodger ... oo 16 8 

James Lister for part of Capps land oo 08 4 

Daniell Greenwood 01 06 8 

Henry Pollard or occupier 00168 

James Lister, sen ... 02 13 7 

Joseph Ffield or occupiers oo 18 10 

Joseph Gaukroger oo n 8 

James Garth ... 02 n 8 

William Boiling or occupier 01 09 4 

James Garth for Marshall land oo 12 9 

Joshua Marshall 01 oo 6 



History of Heat on. 183 



s. a. 

Joshua Marshall for Jowetts land ... oo 04 2 

James Garth for Jowett land oo 04 2 

William Crabtree, jun. oo 17 2 

Mr. Maison or occupier 01 09 8 

John Holmes oo 14 8 

Jonas Crabtree oo 05 3 

Josias Craven ... ... ... 01 02 2 

James Lister, jun oo 17 oo 

James Lister, jun., or Mr. Eamott oo 14 7 

Tho. Crabtree for part of Exley land oo 09 8 

John Crabtree oo 14 6 

Occupiers of Harry roads oo 10 6 

Occupiers of Craven close ... ... oo 04 2 

John Ffield, sen. ... 01 02 oo 

James Garth for part of Weddall land 01 01 S 

James Lister for part of Weddall land ... ... oo 05 5 

Occupiers of Firth Carr ... ... oo n 04 

Occupiers of ye Byalls oo 01 1 1 

Occupiers of land and close ... ... oo 01 1 1 

Occupiers of South fields oo 10 10 

Roberte Bins farme oo 15 10 

William Shaw for his farme oo 12 6 

John Ffield for his free rent... ... oo 13 4 

James Lister for Freckelton land ... oo 02 2 

James Lister for Milneholme ... oo 01 u 

Jeremy Dixon or occupier ... ... oo 10 i 

Jeremy Dixon for West field ... ... ... oo 04 2 

William Shaw 50 oo oo oo 09 oo 

Joseph Gaukroger ... ... ... 500000000900 

James Lister, sen ... 20 oo oo oo 03 06 



Personal Estate ... ... 01 01 06 



Both reall and personall 39 07 07 

WILLIAM BOLLING, Assessor. 
JOHN HOLMES, Appointed Collector. 



ENCLOSURE OF HE A TON COMMON. 

In 1780 an Act of Parliament was obtained for enclosing 
the waste grounds of Heaton. The preamble set forth 
that 

WHEREAS there are within the Township of Heaton, in the 
Parish of Bradford, in the West Riding of the County of York, 



184 History of Heaton. 

several Commons, Moors, and Waste Grounds, containing in the 
Whole Five hundred and Seventy-five Acres, or thereabouts : 

And whereas Joshua Field, Esquire, is Lord of the Manor of 
Heaton, and Owner of the Soil of the said several Commons, Moors, 
and Waste Grounds, as Parcel of or belonging to the said Manor, 
and he and James Lister, Benjamin Hird, James Driver, Richard 
Hodgson, William Hodgson, John Boiling, Edward Boiling, John 
Clapham, Henry Barnby, and several other Persons, being Owners 
and Proprietors of Messuages, Cottages, Lands, Tenements, and 
Hereditaments, within the said Township, are, in respect thereof, 
entitled to Right of Common upon the said Commons, Moors, 
and Waste Grounds ; which are, in their present Situation, incapable 
of Improvement, but would be very advantageous and beneficial to 
the several Persons interested therein, if the same were divided 
and enclosed ; which Division and Enclosure cannot be effectually 
established without the Aid and Authority of Parliament. May it, 
therefore, please your Majesty, &c. 

The usual provision was made for settling boundaries, 
clearing off encroachments made within twenty years, pro- 
viding for the getting of stones for repairs, and setting out 
allotments for the Lord of the Manor and freeholders, 
those in respect to Chellow having to be particularly 
specified. The Commissioners named in the Act were 
Thomas Chippendale, of Skipton, and Miles Dawson, whose 
award was dated October, 1781. 

The enclosed lands principally lay on the north-west 
side of the township, and comprised the whole of the 
land to the right of Haworth Road extending to Shipley 
Common, and as far as Swain Royd. A considerable 
portion was also enclosed on the left side of the Haworth 
Road, joining up to but not including a still larger pro- 
portion of Chellow, which was old enclosure. Southward 
and eastward, land was enclosed at Heaton Low Moor, 
adjoining to Manningham, and on both sides of Heaton 
Royds Old Road. To Joshua Field, Lord of the Manor, 
and his heirs, as manorial lords (exclusive of lands allotted 
to him in lieu of his other rights), 293. ir. 32p., estimated 
to be equal to one-sixteenth part of the allotted commons, 
were assigned in lieu of his right to the soil of the 
commons, and for his consent to the enclosure. In respect 
to Mr. Field's freehold rights in Heaton, entitled to rights 



History of Heaton. 



185 



of common, an award was made of 33. or. up. adjoining 
upon Heaton Royds Road, and another piece of land con- 
taining na. 3r. 8p., also adjoining upon Heaton Royds 
Road; also a parcel of ground containing i8a. 2r. 24p., 
bounded eastward by Shay Road, and a parcel of ground 
containing H2a. 2r., also adjoining to Haworth Road; 
also an allotment of na. 2r. adjoining to lands allotted 
to John Boiling in Chellow Road ; and 2oa. 3r. I3p. of 
land bounded by Shipley Road ; another piece of land, 
containing 143.. IT. iop., adjoining the land allotted to 
Bingley School, besides several other smaller allotments. 
The following table gives a list of the whole of the allot- 
ments set out and awarded : 



Wood, Nichs 

Rhodes, Abm. his heirs 

Driver, James 

Field, Joshua, Esq. 
Lister, James his heirs 
Hodgson, Rd. & Wm. 
Stone Quarry ... 
Field, Josa., Esq. 
Frankland, John 
Field, Josa, Esq. 
Field, Josa., Esq. 
Field, Josa., Esq. 

manorial rights 
Field, Josa., Esq. 
Bingley School 

Hird, Benjn 

Hodgsons, Rd. & Wm. 

(near Hartley Well 

Spring) 
Field, Josa., Esq., for 

Chellow 

Hodgsons, R. & W. ... 
Field, Josa., Esq. 
Hodgson, R. & W. ... 



A. 


R. P. 


17 


o 23 


13 


28 


29 


3 


2O 


3 13 


43 


o o 


1 2 


10 


I 


o o 


112 


2 O 


I 


12 


68 


2 24 


u 


3 8 


29 


i 32 


3 


II 


i 





20 


o 14 



o o 36 



6 

7 
ii 

21 



1 25 

o 6 

2 O 
O O 



A. E. P. 

Boiling, John 14 i 12 

Clapham, John ... 5 o o 

Jowett, Nathan ... 2 2 24 

Field, Josa., Esq. ... i o o 

Taylor, Edwd. ... ... 8 o 16 

Crabtree, Saml. ... 4 3 30 

Wood, Nichs 8 2 16 

Bingley School, Trustees 

of 430 

Lister, Samuel, Esq. ... 2 o 8 

Stone Pit o 2 4 

Pearson, Robt i i 16 

Field, Josa., Esq., for 

Chellow 14 i 10 

Field, Josa., Esq., for 

Heaton i 2 11 

Farrar, Saml 3 i 33 

Do. 2 2 32 

Field, Josa., Esq. ... o 2 20 

Farrar, Saml i 2 8 

Crabtree, Wm 2 i 15 

Mortimer, Heirs of ... i o 29 

Fairbank, John ... i 3 15 

Crabtree, Wm 233 



In Sir John Maynard's valuation survey of the tythes of 
Bradford Parish, made in 1638, occurs the following entry: 

The tenants in Heaton plead prescription ; they neither pay corn 
nor hay in kind, but certain composition money which is part of the 



186 History of Heat on. 

Easter Book. There is a good common in Heaton, containing about 
300 or 400 acres, part whereof in time may be enclosed, and so some 
benefit and profit may thereby arise. 

As already shown, the enclosure of the waste lands was 
not undertaken until 1780, nearly 150 years afterwards, by 
which a large quantity of land in Heaton became subject 
to tythe. An apportionment of the rent charge in lieu of 
the tythes of Heaton was made December 22nd, 1848, by 
John J. Rowlinson, of Graythwaite, Lancaster. 

In 1839 a survey and valuation of the township was 
made by Messrs. Lister & Ingle, surveyors, Bradford, from 
which we gather that the following were at that period 
the principal owners and occupiers, namely : 

Jonathan Anderton, Swain Royd. 

George Baron, Chellow Grange Farm ('Thomas Bradford, occr.). 

James Beanland, Firth Carr. 

Samuel Crabtree, Heaton. 

Jacob Denby (the late), Frizinghall. 

Nathan Firth (the late), Heaton Syke. 

William Hargreaves, Isle of Man, Frizinghall. 

Joseph Hollings, Swain Royd. 

William Leatham, Frizinghall. 

Ellis Cunliffe Lister, Shipley Fields, and elsewhere. 

Benjamin Marriner, Carr Syke, Frizinghall (James Ambler, occr.). 

John Mortimer, Spring Head Farm (James Tetley, occr.). 

John Myers, Moor Side. 

Lord Oxmantown and the Hon. Captain Duncombe : 

West House Farm, Haworth Road (Thomas Hardy, occr.). 

Chellow Heights Farm (John Gill, occr.). 

New House Farm, Haworth Road (James Naylor, occr.), 

Chellow Grange Farm (William Tetley, occr.). 

Chellow Style Farm (William Tetley, occr.). 

Heaton Hall Farm (Timothy Stocks, occr.). 

West Hall Farm, now Plantation Hall Farm(W. Bradley, occr.). 

Moor Closes (Thomas Hudson, occr.). 

North Hall Farm (William Jackson, occr.). 

Shay Farm (John Gill, occr.). 

Stubbing House Farm (Thomas and Abraham Firth, occrs.). 

Heaton Shay Farm (Robert Jackson, occr.). 

Heaton Royds Farm (Isaac Denison, occr.). 

Toller Lane Farm (Benjamin Silson, occr.). 

Heaton Gardens (Benjamin Mann, occr.). 

Low Moor Farm, now Parkside Farm (James Clarke, occr.). 



History of He at on. 



187 



John Wood, Gelhsemane, Paradise Cottages. 
Joseph Wood, Dumb Mill. 
Stone Quarries : 

Samuel Crabtree (Sowden, occr.). 

Lord Oxmantown (John Greenwood, William Greenwood, 
and Abraham Hill, occrs.). 







188 History of Heaton. 



CHAPTER III. 
TOWNSHIP AFFAIRS AT HEATON. 

Severance of Heaton from Clayton Poor's Accounts Surveyors' Accounts 
Constables' Accounts Former Occupiers Annexation of Heaton to Bradford. 

HE A TON-CUM-CLA YTON. 

In the reign of Queen Elizabeth Heaton and Clayton 
were linked together as one parish for poor-law purposes. 
The severance was only made in 1701, since which period 
each township has been separately assessed and rated. 
The old town's books of Clayton contain many references 
to the dual connection, and under date of July, 1701, 
occurs a memorandum to the following effect : 

At a quarter sessions holden at the town of Leeds, it was 
ordered that the town of Heaton and the town of Clayton should 
maintaine their poore severally for the space of twentie and one yeares 
from Easter last past without being accountable either to ye other, 
being a petition from both hamlets desiring the said order, which 
order is at this present in keeping of me, JOHN HIRST. 

The old township books of Heaton are singularly 
silent on this matter, but yield abundant material for a 
chapter on township affairs of Heaton, albeit much of it 
would be considered very " dry reading " by the ordinary 
citizen. Nevertheless, such extracts as we propose to give 
are the only evidences bearing on the period under con- 
sideration, and they will be found instructive and amusing. 

OVERSEERS' ACCOUNTS. 

After the severance from Clayton, Heaton township 
was governed by its own poor-law overseers, highway 
surveyors, and constables, whose accounts differed little from 
those presented in other places. Commencing with the 



History of Heaton. 189 

overseers' accounts, we extract a few entries referring to 
payments made in 1768, in respect to the poor of Heaton, 
preserving the original form of spelling, which in some 
cases is almost excruciating in its distortion : 

s. d. 

William Bakes Wife Coffing, paid o 5 6 

Grave Making and Clerk Dues 015 

Fliting Mary Crabtree from Shipley to Heatown with 

Carte and Horses 026 

Fliting Henry Michel with Carte 026 

Fliting Widow Gawkrodger, paid and spent ... o i o 

Ditto for Shifts for her o 2 8^ 

Spent at Meeting at Edward Brooks o I 6 

Four Yards of Cloth for Shirts for John Smith ... o 4 2 

James Bennitt for Shirts, paid o 2 8 

John Beanland keeping him three weeks and three 

days ... o 10 o 

Paid to Isaac Mires towards Wm. Bakes Rent ... o 10 6 

My going to Justis Wickham with John Murge's Wife 006 

My going Justis Lister and Towns peopel and spent o i o 

John Murge Wife for the Slatework at Maningame 020 

Meting at Edward Brooks o i o 

William Hudson and Wife and Four Children 

keeping them two days and two nights . ...060 

Jesper Pickard for his Cottage, one year's rent ... o 9 o 

A few items may be culled from the accounts of William 
Crabtree, overseer for the years 1783-4. He was probably 
the William Crabtree of Low Moor Farm (now called 
Parkside), and who built the house, which is dated 1796. 
He had two sons, Abraham and Samuel, also three 
daughters, viz. : Mary Garnett, of Idle ; Martha Firth, of 
Heaton Syke ; and Elizabeth Clark, of Heaton. For a 
long time William Crabtree was employed in connection 
with the Leeds and Liverpool Canal at the Bradford end. 

The entries in William Crabtree's accounts differ little 
from those found in those of his contemporaries. They 
are given, however, for whatever interest may attach to 
them, as follow : 

Nov. 27, 1783 s. d. 
Paid Edward Brook when Mr. Field Accounts were 

passed 040 

Paid Edward Brook for Ann Johnson's Supper ... o o 3 



190 History of Heaton. 

Edward Brooks kept the village inn, where the town's 
business was transacted, and where, it appears, casuals were 

sent to obtain a night's supper. 

L s. d. 

Paid Nicholas Wood with his Apprentice ... ... o 12 o 

Paid James Frankland with his Apprentice o 12 o 

Martha Husteler, Coffin... ... 060 

Joseph Murgey Wife ... ... ... ... ... o I o 

To the Chief Constable's House to pay Estreit 
Money, he bein not at home had to seek him 

up, found him at a publick house, paid him ... 615 z% 

Chief obliged me to spend on him ... ... ... o I o 

Fee given to Chief Constable ... ... ... ...026 

To Bingley for a Summons ... ... ... ... o i o 

Attended the Justices' Meeting at Bingley for two 

pairs of Parish Indentures. Paid for Indentures 080 

The accounts of James Murgatroyd, overseer for 1786, 
comprise the following particulars 

d- 
Servain the Town to se wo belongs it ...030 

Taken a Shadle of John Greenwood Goods... ... o o 6 

Goen to Bowten to vew Maerey Hill an her childer o I o 

Nanne Gock (Gaukrodger) 026 

Goin to the Workhouse with five Popers in a Cart 050 

Dan Mortimer Wife, a Shift 026 

Fanne Robersha an Douter o 6 o 

Ale at Abe Normenton's and Eatin ...076 

Ale at Ned Brooks 026 

Sess Bill sinin and goen to Bingley ... ... ... o 2 o 

Nane Clark for Hannah Dixon hous room ... ...020 

To Kitchin Douter com from a Erode o i o 

The accounts were allowed and signed by Henry 
Wickham, of Cottingley, and J. A. Busfeild, of Bingley. 

Continuing the list of overseers' accounts for Heaton, 
we make a few extracts from those of William Silson, 
overseer in 1803, viz. : 

s- d- 
Paid William Clark for house room for Betty 

Taylor, one week ... ... o i o 

Paid for pair of Cotton Looms for William Illingworth in 6 
To Dr. Sharp to advice and medicine for Harrison 

child that's lame ... o i o 

Spent at a Meeting held at Sarah Brooks 030 

My Journey to Cottingley o i o 



History of Heaton. 191 

s. d. 

Hiring Militia Expenses 030 

Hired G. Wilman, of Idle, he to have ,25 25 o o 

Paid Liquor and Expenses of that day i 2 7 

Hired Joseph Mitchell, of Bradford, to serve in the 

Army Reserve 22 I o 

Paid at Meeting held at Solomon Clark's to pass 

Accounts o ii 8 

Received from the Land-tax on account of the 

Army of Reserve 4 18 6 

Such entries as " Going to Cottingley " are numerous, 
and refer to the period when Colonel Wickham resided at 
Cottingley House, and was one of the leading magistrates 
of the district. A son of Colonel Wickham, namely, the 
Rev. Lamplugh Wickham, afterwards of Low Moor, 
assumed the name of Hird on marrying the heiress of 
Richard Hird, of Apperley, by whom he had great 
possessions. Colonel Wickham held his justice court in an 
upper room at the Sun Inn, Cottingley, and died at 
Cottingley in 1804. 

In William Silson's accounts for December, 1803. there 
is the item 

* d. 
Paid for Ointment for Blind Lad, Mortimer ... o I 5 

This was the lad afterwards known as " Blind Jimmy," 
who used to patrol the streets of Bradford several days a 
week playing a clarionet. His instruments may now be 
seen at the Art Gallery and Museum, Bradford. 

SURVEYORS' AND CONSTABLES' ACCOUNTS. 

The Surveyor's accounts of Heaton for 1781, Henry 
Atkinson being then town's surveyor, are interesting. 
Under date January 25th, 1781, we find the entry 

s. a. 
Shovelling Snow in Towler Lane, William Laycock 

and Son, one day each 046 

To Self and four Men 086 

This entry would be unintelligible except from a 
knowledge of the fact that, at that period, and for long 



192 History of Heaton. 

after, Towler Lane was upon the main highroad to 
Bingley, Skipton, and the North. It was the road by which 
the stage coaches coming from Bradford passed forward 
over Cottingley Moor, and in returning the horses were 
generally baited at the Sun Inn, Cottingley, previous to 
ascending the steep hill to Shipley High Moor. The entry 
is suggestive of a fall of snow in January, 1781, heavy 
enough to need cutting through, probably for the passing 
of the stage coach. 

A few other items from the Surveyors' accounts are 
interesting : 

s. d. 
To three Men working six days at Butts Dyke 

Bridge, at is. 6d. a day 170 

To a Labourer, four days at is. 4d. a day ... ... o 5 4 

John Rushworth, fifty-eight load of stones getting 

and breaking, at 6d. a load ...190 

To earnest when they took the job ... o I o 

Thirty load through wallstones from Weather-royd, 

at is. per load ... ... ... I 10 o 

Jonas Greenwood's accounts for 1782, he being constable 
for that year, principally relate to charges made for journeys 
either by himself or deputy. The items are of a monoto- 
nous character, and, like those already given, are chiefly 
interesting as giving the charges incurred on local govern- 
ment account a century or so ago : 

s. a. 

Paid at Bradford when sworn in ... ... ... o i o 

For going to number for the Militia, is., and spent is. o 2 o 

Going to Bradford with the Militia List ... ... o I o 

Going to Halifax to pay the Bridge Money ...026 

Going to Bradford to swear in the Melita (Militia)... o I 6 

Making a search in the night a man and myself ... o i 6 

Putting in the " Spurrings" for Thomas Banks ... o i 6 

Going to Halifax to put the 'Sessors (Assessors) in o 2 6 

Paid at an inquest at Shipley ... ... o 10 6 

For trying weights and measures ... ... ... o 2 o 

The township officers for 1772 were Nicholas Wood, 
Jeremiah Frankland, Samuel Crabtree and Henry Atkinson, 
and afterwards follow such names as Edward Brooks, 
Richard Brierley, Joseph Child, Michael Firth, Abram 



History of Heaton. 193 

Rhodes, John Scott, William Crabtree, Thomas Lister, 
Henry Barmby, John Bastow, William Bailey, James 
Murgatroyd, and James Hargreaves, these names covering 
the period until 1800. 

In 1802 Solomon Clark agreed to "get and break all 
the stones wanted for the Low Lane (Manningham Lane) 
and Frizinghall Lane at 6^d. a solid yard," and Joshua 
Rhodes agreed to " lead the said stones to any part of the 
said road at 4d. per yard." Thomas Eglin, of Sedbridge, 
also agreed to kill the moles within the township for 5 
per year. 

In 1818 John Wilmer Field, Esq., took a prominent 
part in the township affairs, along with Samuel Crabtree, 
John Crabtree, Thomas Whitley, William Silson, Thomas 
Brook, George Frankland, John Binns, William Tetley, 
James Craven, John Pighills, Samuel Firth, John 
Clark, &c. 

The town's records from 1823 to 1833 contain little 
beyond entries of vestry meetings held at the houses of 
John Crabtree and Betty Clark, innkeepers, for the appoint- 
ment of overseers, surveyors, and assessors. The following 
were some of the appointments thus made, viz. : 1827, 
John Crabtree and John Hammond, overseers; 1828, 
Thomas Hardy, overseer ; 1828, John Ackroyd and William 
Clough, assessors ; 1829, John Firth and Jos. Crossley, 
assessors; 1830, Thomas Hardy, overseer; 1832, Samuel 
Beanland and Samuel Crabtree, assessors ; James Naylor 
and William Bradley, overseers ; 1833, James Murgatroyd, 
constable. From this latter period the town's meetings 
were held in the vestry of Heaton Baptist Chapel. In 
1851 a paid surveyor of highways was appointed, Benjamin 
Silson being that officer. 

OWNERS AND OCCUPIERS. 

Any township record, even of the slight character 

attempted in these historical sketches, would be incomplete 

without supplying data as to the former inhabitants of 

Heaton, an enumeration of which will enable us to trace 

N 



194 History of Heaton. 

the ancestry of some of its present residents. From an 
enumeration of the population of the township of Heaton, 
taken in 1801, we learn that there were 181 houses 
occupied, and eight empty, the former housing 195 
families, comprising 951 persons, i.e., 474 males and 477 
females. Of these persons, fifty-four were employed in 
agriculture, 213 were engaged in trade, and the large 
number of 684 were classed as " Gentry." The return was 
signed by Robert Hargreaves, churchwarden ; Thomas 
Whitley and John Bairstow, overseers. 

The annexed list refers to the principal occupiers (in 
some cases to the owners) of farms, land, and buildings in 
Heaton township during the year 1844, namely : 



Timothy Stocks 
Timothy Stocks 
Earl of Rosse ... 
Earl of Rosse ... 


...Heaton Hall 
...Brook Farm, Leylands 
...Heaton 
... do. . . 


x s* 

222 2 
85 I 9 

17 16 
6 6 


d. 

6/ 2 


Benjamin Mann 


... do 


14 18 


C 


Henry Harris ... 


... do 


81 10 


Q 


Edmund Cockshott ... 
William Hargreaves ... 


...Frizinghall 
... do 


70 18 
56 8 


I 

7 


William Taylor 


... do 


7O I 5 




Josh. Wood 


... do 


20 Q 


I 


Robert Hargreaves 


... do 


s4. I S 


c 


Jonas Sunderland 
Thomas Hardy 
John Gill 
John Hammond 
James Naylor ... 
William Telley 


...Carr Syke 
...West House Farm ... 
...Chellow Heights 
...Turf Tavern ... 
...Chellow 
... do 


35 '2 
47 4 
60 18 
60 10 
41 14 
6? 6 


6 
i 

7 
o 

i 


William Tetley 


... do 


28 ? 


6 


William Rhodes 


... do 


82 10 


7 


William Rhodes 


do. 


7 


? 



Benjamin Rhodes ... ... do .......... 17 I n 

Thomas Hudson ... ...Heaton ...... 101 16 o 

James Tetley ......... Plantation Hall ... 66 10 n 

Edward Bilton ......... Heaton ...... 95 7 8 

William Jackson ...... North Hall ...... 85 18 3 

John Gill ......... Shay Farm ...... 43 7 6 

Thomas Firth ... ... ... do .......... 43 9 5 

Robert Jackson ...... do. ... ...... 51 6 II 

Isaac Denison ...... Heaton Royds ... 63 2 9 



History of Heaton. 195 



s. d. 

Benjamin Silson Towler Lane 76 4 6 

James Clark Low Moor 41 17 6 

John Lister Heaton Syke 18 9 i 

Peter Laycock (Exrs.) ... do 24 14 o 

Joseph Greenwood 57 5 4 

Sarah Hill ... Paradise 4 5 9 

William Bradley Heights Lane ... 5112 

Job Mercer Towler Lane End ... 37 6 2 

John Binns do 19 4 3 

William Crabtree Heaton 28 19 o 

Josh. Wood Dumb Mill 172 5 4 

Josh. Wood ... ... ... ... ... 27 19 9 

James Beanland ... ... 16 4 9,' 

James Moor ...Paddock ... ... 18 7 3 

Sarah Hill Heaton Moor ... 641 

Poulter Emm Field 3 18 5 

Joseph Parkinson ... ...High Park 15 o o 

Joseph Milnes & Co.... ...Back Lane ... ... 26 o o 

Abram Hill High Park 30 o o 

Jonathan Carrodus Heaton ... ... 17 5 5 

John Batty High Park 747 

John Myers Moor Side 7 '7 5 

John Myers do o 4 ioj 

John Binns Well Springs 496 

Abram Hill Heaton 25 10 o 

John Frankland ... ... ... ... 897 

Nathaniel Radcliffe Pyche Nook 24 3 3 

G. T. Lister Chellow 137 o 3 

George Barron, Esq Dean... 6 o u 

Abram Firth Heaton 60 7 4 

E. C. Lister Emm Lane Side ... 12 3 9 

John Mortimer Bay of Biscay ... 36 8 6 

John Tordoff do 21 i 7 

William Tetley Towler Lane 10 o o 

Abram Hill Ash Well Lane ... 65 3 3 

Nathan Firth Towler Lane 32 18 6 



ANNEXATION TO THE BOROUGH. 

The Local Government Act of 1858 was adopted by a 
resolution of owners and ratepayers of Heaton in August, 
1863, and the Heaton Local Board was formed immediately 
afterwards. For some years this authority scarcely realised 
the responsibility cast upon it in making such improvements 



196 History of Heaton. 

as were requisite even for a suburban village, especially in 
widening and otherwise improving the thoroughfares. It 
was only by the foresight of two or three members of that 
body that the rest of their colleagues could be brought to 
realise this responsibility. In time there came the necessity 
which knew no law but that of compliance with the inevit- 
able. The adjoining township of Manningham was throwing 
out lines of streets and roadways in the direction of Heaton, 
and it became obvious that a stand-still policy would be 
fatal to the interests of the township. The agents and 
advisers on the Rosse estate fully grasped the situation, and 
the late Countess of Rosse readily offered to give almost 
any amount of ground necessary for road widening. There 
was also a deficiency in the water supply, which was met 
by the construction of a small reservoir on the heights 
above Haworth Road. 

Presently came the scheme of annexation with the 
adjoining borougli of Bradford, which was as stoutly 
objected to by some of the native Heatonians as any 
proposed improvement had previously been. Fortunately 
the proposal had its supporters, who were equally active, 
and, it must be confessed, put forth far more cogent 
reasons for the proposed annexation than the other side 
did against it. For the benefit of posterity, we propose 
to add a few of the reasons advanced on both sides, as 
follows : 

That if we are ever to become annexed to the borough (as is 
almost certain to be the case within a very few years, whether we 
like it or not) we had better be annexed before paying off the bulk 
of our debt. 

That Heaton cannot afford to enter upon further drainage works 
or improvements of any consequence, should they be called for, 
without burdening the ratepayers too much. 

That for some years past the Heaton Local Board have frequently 
been in conflict with the Bradford Corporation, owing to boundaries 
being conterminous the whole length of the township. 

That incorporation would result in the following advantages, viz. : 
Better lighting, watching, sanitary inspection, and maintenance of the 
highways. 

That a School Board will shortly be a necessity in Heaton if 
Heaton remain a separate district, and the cost of such Board would 






History of Heaton. 197 

add very materially to the rates : that the work could be very much 
more cheaply and efficiently managed by Bradford than Heaton. 

That the population of Heaton would be supplied with water at 
little more than half the present cost a very material consideration. 
Also, that the supply of gas from Bradford would be both better and 
cheaper. 

That Heaton, being liable at any time to have an injunction filed 
against it respecting its sewage, will, with its limited means, find itself 
in the face of a very grave difficulty. 

On the side opposed to annexation, the following were 
almost the only objections advanced : 

Some ratepayers of Heaton are of opinion that the Bye-laws 
and Improvement Acts of the Bradford Corporation would act some- 
what severely in Heaton if enforced to the same extent as in the 
borough. Owners of cottage property in Bradford are often called 
upon to pull down and rebuild their conveniences, &c., to such 
cottages, according to plans and systems of the Corporation, such 
plans and systems having changed every few years, and, in fact, are 
continually changing now. 

That the owners and ratepayers of Heaton would be so com- 
pletely absorbed in the larger body as to really have very little 
control of their own affairs that they would, in fact, lose their 
individuality. 

Some ratepayers of Heaton also dread the probable increased 
valuation of property that would follow incorporation, the increase 
being estimated by some ratepayers at 50 per cent., and by others 
at even loo per cent, on the present valuation. 

On the 22nd June, 1880, it was decided that the 
following resolution should be submitted to the owners 
and ratepayers of Heaton, in order, by the vote taken 
upon it, to decide the question of annexation one way or 
the other. The resolution was as follows : 

That this meeting of owners and ratepayers of the township of 
Heaton duly convened, is of opinion that it will be for the public 
advantage that such township should be incorporated with the adjoining 
borough of Bradford, and it hereby accordingly requests the Local Board 
of the said district to take all such steps, and to do all such acts and 
things, as may be.necessary or requisite to effect such incorporation, and 
it hereby authorises the said Local Board to incur all necessary expenses 
in effecting such incorporation, and to pay the same out of the rates 
or funds of the said township. 



198 History of Heaton. 

The result of the poll taken was as follows : 



Heaton ... 
Frizinjjhall 
Sandy Lane 



For. 

41 
174 

51 



Against. 

114 

32 

84 



266 
Majority for annexation 



230 
36 



During the session of 1881, application was made to 
Parliament for the annexation to the borough of several 
of the outlying townships, including Heaton, and, as pre- 
viously stated, the annexation became an accomplished 
fact in May, 1882. 



History of Heaton. 199 



CHAPTER IV. 



FAMILY HISTORY. 

The Field Family John Fie'd Joshua, or "Squire Field John Wilmer Field 
His Daughters, Mary and Delia Lord Oxmantown Earl of Rosse Countess 
of Rosse Present Earl of Rosse -Coming-of-ajje Festivities at Heaton 
Presentation at Heaton The Heaton Estate. 



THE FIELD FAMILY. 

The family of Feld or Field is of ancient descent, and 
acquired estates at Horton, Shipley, Heaton, and Ardsley. 
The first mention of any member of the Field family in 
this locality is that of a William Feld, of Bradford, in 1480. 
The family were long resident at Horton, and in 1589 
William Field, with Thomas Sharp and others, purchased 
from Richard and John Lacy the moors and wastes of that 
township. The founder of the Heaton branch, however, 
was Edmund Field, who purchased a large portion of the 
township, and was married in 1599. His son Joseph is 
described in 1635 as lord of the manor of Heaton, and 
his nephew, John Field, inherited the estates in 1660. It 
is to this gentleman that the erection of Heaton Hall is 
attributed. 

In the tower of the Bradford Parish Church there is a 
marble tablet of classical design, containing the arms of 
the Field family, and bearing the following inscription : 

Sacred to the memory of Mary Field, late wife of John Field, 
of Heaton, in this parish, who departed this life on the 5th day of 
Feby., 1750-1, in the 4ist year of her age ; and also of six of their 
children, namely, one son and five daughters, who died in their minority ; 
also the above-named John Field, who departed this life the i8th day 
of January, 1772, in the 7ist year of his age; also of Joshua Field, 
Esq., his youngest son. He breathed his last with calm serenity the 
2jth day of September, 1819, in the 771!) year of his age a man whose 



200 History of Heaton. 

worth in life will, now in death, be for years cherished with kind and 
lamenting remembrances by those who knew him best. Died on the 
3rd day of November, 1830, in her 88th year, Mary, the relict of the 
above-named Joshua Field, Esq. 

The subjects of the above tablet introduce us to the most 
interesting period of the family's connection with Heaton, 
and that with which we are most concerned. 

The John Field named in the tablet was heir to 
Joseph Field, his uncle, who had previously enjoyed the 
estate, and married a daughter of Joshua Edmondson, of 
Scacroft. John Field left only one son, Joshua, who 
inherited the estates, and who forms an interesting person- 
age in the present record. He was emphatically the squire 
of the village, and as such was regarded by those with 
whom he was almost daily associated. 

SQUIRE FIELD. 

Joshua Field was born at Heaton in 1742, and married 
in 1774 Mary, youngest daughter, and eventually sole 
heiress, of Randal Wilmer, Esq., of Helmsley, and repre- 
sentative of a junior branch of the ancient baronial house 
of Thwenge. " Squire Field," as he was generally styled, 
made Heaton Hall his constant residence, and he was well 
remembered at Heaton by the last generation of villagers. 
He was also a conspicuous figure in Bradford society in 
the early portion of the present century. Joshua Field 
was not only thoroughly alive to his own interests, but 
took an active part in the affairs of the township, and was 
a good friend to the humblest villager of Heaton. He 
was one of the partners of the banking firm of Wickham, 
Field & Cleaver, of London, and had estates in the East 
Riding as well as here. From the evidence of a letter 
written by him to Mr. Henry Hemingway, a Bradford 
lawyer, in 1775, it appears that in July of that year he 
made a considerable addition to the Heaton estate by 
purchase from the Scott family, of Leeds, the purchase 
money amounting to .4800. The following is the letter 
referred to : 



History of Heat on. 201 

TADCASTER, n o'clock Saturday Evening, 

2Qth July, 177s- 
DEAR SIR, 

I am this moment arrived here, and have the pleasure 
to acquaint you I've bought the Heaton Estate of Mr. Scott for 
.4800, but would not have you mention it to any one. I have 
forgot to bring a waistcoat with me from Thos. Milner, the taylor 
at Bradford, and shall esteem it a favour if you will bring along 
with you. 

I remain, with respects to Miss Hemingway, 

Your Friend and Humble Servant, 

JOSA. FIELD. 

P.S. I forgot to acquaint you, I heard this morning that Mr. 
Hodgson cut some Brackens on the commons about nine years ago, 
which was about the time he had the Chancery Suit with my Father. 
I wish you would call upon Tom Bastow, of Leeds, who was my 
Father's attorney, and ask him what he knows about it, and perhaps 
it may be necessary to prove that suit in order to set aside their 
evidence. Please to ask him also if he purposes being at York next 
week. 

The letter is endorsed " Mr. Henry Hemingway, 
Attorney-at-Law, Bradford." The following letter also 
bears upon the same subject, and is dated I3th October, 
1775, viz. : 

Field Estate at Heaton. 
H. Hemingway to VVm. Scott, Esq., Leeds. 

SIR, I am ordered by Mr. Field to desire you to furnish me 
with an abstract of the title deeds of your Heaton Estate, otherwise 
that you would give me leave to inspect the same, as the time for 
completing the contract is at no great distance, and Mr. Field wishes 
he may have a little time to prepare, so that neither you nor himself 
may be disappointed. 

In explanation of the contents of the postscript to 
Mr. Field's letter to Hemingway, it may be stated that in 
1767 John Field (Squire Field's father) was lord of the 
manor of Heaton, and brought a suit against William 
Hodgson, late of Manningham, merchant, Henry Mitchell, 
of Chellow, labourer, Richard Tetley, of Manningham, 
yeoman, and Joseph Tetley, of Manningham, yeoman, 
freeholders of Heaton, in respect to the cutting of brackens 



202 History of Heaton. 

upon Heaton Common, the right of the lord. John Field 
also proceeded at the same assize against Robert Alcock, 
late of Shipley, yeoman, William Slingsby, Jonathan Verity, 
and William Leach, labourers of Shipley, Robert Parkin, 
of Halifax, gentleman, William Kitching, Heaton, yeoman, 
Abraham Hey, Cottingley, labourer, &c., for trespass, this 
being a trial to determine the boundary betwixt the manors 
of Heaton and Shipley. 

John Field sunk some pits on that portion of Heaton 
Common adjoining to Shipley, and proceeded to get coals, 
providing for that purpose the necessary gearing. He also 
erected a smith's shop for keeping the gearing in order. 
It appears that on a night in March, 1767, and presumably 
by instructions from Dr. Cyril Jackson, lord of the manor 
of Shipley, the above-named defendants went in a body, 
pulled down the shafting and gearing, cut the ropes, 
wrecked the smith's shop, and threw all the material into 
the newly-sunk coal pit. This they did in respect to four 
pit shafts, which had been sunk at great cost. 

Joshua Field died in 1819, in the seventy-seventh 
year of his age, and was succeeded in his estates by his 
son, John Wilmer Field, born in 1775. 

fOHN WILMER FIELD. 

John Wilmer Field was a Bachelor of Arts, a magis- 
trate, and at one time an officer in the Royal Horse 
Guards Blue, and was considered a gentleman of parts. 
He added the Shipley manor by purchase, and resided at 
Heaton for some years, but subsequently in London, where 
he died in January, 1837. He married first in 1812, Annie, 
daughter of Robert Wharton Middleton, Esq., of Crinkle 
Park, in Cleveland, and secondly, Isabella Helen, daughter 
of Captain Salter, R.N., but had no issue by her. At his 
death he left two daughters as co-heiresses, Mary and 
Delia, who married respectively Lord Oxmantown, after- 
wards Earl of Rosse, and the Hon. Arthur Duncombe, a 
son of Lord Feversham, and afterwards Admiral Duncombe. 
By the will of her father, the Shipley and Heaton estates 



History of Heat on. 203 

went to Mary, the wife of Lord Oxmantown, other estates 
near Beverley falling to her sister Delia. The first-named 
property has, however, proved by far the more valuable. 

Shortly after the marriage of Lord Oxmantown, he 
succeeded to the title of Earl of Rosse, his family mansion 
and estates being at Birr Castle, Parsonstown, Ireland. The 
Earl died in Dublin in 1867, aged sixty-seven, leaving the 
Countess and four surviving sons, the eldest, Laurence, 
succeeding to the title. The late Earl rose to considerable 
distinction from his scientific attainments, his name being, 
in popular estimation, chiefly associated with the wonderful 
telescope he erected on his own estate at Parsonstown, in 
Ireland a work of great laboui . expense, and time com- 
menced in 1828 and completed in 1845, at a cost of above 
.20,000. The late Earl, independent of his scientific attain- 
ments, was a genial companion and a liberal landlord, but 
although the owner of considerable landed property at 
Heaton and Shipley, he seldom visited these parts, and was 
never a permanent resident at Heaton Hall. 

The Countess of Rosse, who survived her husband 
many years, still continued to live at Birr Castle, but her 
ladyship ever maintained an interest in her Heaton estates, 
and a warm attachment to Heaton Hall, the scene of her 
early days. She frequently paid visits to her Heaton 
estates, the management of which was entrusted to her 
Bradford agents, Messrs. Smith & Gotthardt. Her ladyship 
died at her London residence on July 22nd, 1885, being 
about seventy years of age. 

EARL OF ROSSE. 

The present Earl of Rosse was born in 1840, and 
succeeded to the title on the death of his father in 1867. 
He is a D.C.L., LL.D., and F.R.S., and is Chancellor for 
Dublin University. He is the author of a number of 
valuable papers on scientific subjects, published in the 
Philosophical Transactions and in the Proceedings of the 
Royal Society, London ; the Royal Dublin Society, and 
the Royal Astronomical Society. Lord Rosse married 



204 History of Heaton. 

in 1870 Frances Cassandra, daughter of Baron Hawke, and 
his son, Lord Oxmantown, came of age in October, 1894, 
on which occasion there were great rejoicings at Heaton. 



FESTIVITIES AT HEATON. 

On October 8th, 1894, by invitation of the Earl 
of Rosse, about 130 tenants of the Heaton and Shipley 
estates, and a few invited guests, dined together at Heaton 
Church Schools, under the presidency of the Earl of Rosse, 
who was accompanied by Lady Rosse, there being also 
present Lord Oxmantown and the Hon. Geoffrey Laurence 
Parsons, besides a number of influential residents on the 
estate, with Mr. Wheater Smith (Lord Rosse's agent) and 
Mrs. Wheater Smith. 

Before dinner was served Lord Oxmantown was 
presented with a timepiece and an illuminated address, 
signed by sixty leaseholders and tenants. The text of the 
address was as follows : 

To the Right Honourable William Edward, Lord Oxmantown. 

We, whose names are hereunder written, being tenants and 
leaseholders on the Heaton and Shipley estates in the county of 
York, desire to offer you our hearty welcome, on the occasion of the 
celebration of your coming of age, and to express a desire that the 
good feeling which has existed between your family as landlords and 
ourselves as tenants will long continue, and that the same relationship 
may be mutually enjoyed in the future. We ask your Lordship to 
accept this address as a testimony of our hearty congratulations, and 
best wishes for a long life of health and prosperity. 

W. H. Townend. Dan Craven. Chas. George. 

James Gordon. B. S. Thompson. Jno. Whitaker. 

Emanuel Dyson. John Clark. Jno. S. Rhodes. 

Benjamin Redman. Richard Simpson. Abm. Greenwood. 

T. S. Tetley. M. & W. T. Firth. Thos. Alderson. 

Thos. Green. John Kay. Fredk. Illingworth. 

Hudson Greenwood. Alfred Smith. Jno. Henry Wade. 

Thos. Smith. Heber Duckworth. David Milner. 

Seth Smith. M. Crabtree. J. A. Middlebrook. 

Albert Halliday. Mortimer Tetley. C. B. Shaw. 

Abraham Gill. Joseph Hill. Henry Brown. 

John Brooke. George B. Flynn. Dawson Firth. 



History of Heaton. 205 

James Tetley. John Clough. John Kitchen. 

Samuel Gawthorp. John Lee. Joseph Verity. 

T. Procter. T. Greenwood. James Bairstow. 

Richd. Brook. Ezra Tetley. John A. Jowett. 

W. J. Morley. A. Greenwood. Jno. R. Fyfe. 

Matthew Booth. J. & J. Hammond. Joseph Brooksbank. 

Frank Jackson. Henry Dyson. Samuel Clough. 

William Tetley. H. & M. Tetley. 

WHEATER SMITH. Estate Agent. 
Bradford, October Stft, 1894. 

The address was surmounted by the coat of arms and 
crest of the Rosse family, and included a view of Heaton 
Hall. 

The presentation was made by Mr. William Henry 
Townend, of Heaton Hall, one of the oldest tenants on 
the Heaton estate, who gave many interesting reminiscences 
of Heaton a quarter of a century ago. 

Mr. Townend said that when he took up his abode 
at Heaton Hall, a quarter of a century before the period 
of that gathering, Heaton was a little outlying village, 
having few of the many privileges which it then enjoyed. 
There was only one postbag a day, and the postman was 
not a man, but a young woman (laughter). The improve- 
ment in the postal arrangements was not so great as it 
ought to have been, and the telegraphic communication 
and provision in connection with postal orders were not 
yet equal to the requirements of to-day. When he went 
to Heaton there was little or no gas in the village, and 
when one wished to make an evening expedition it was 
often necessary to carry a lantern. The water supply was 
even more defective, and the school accommodation was 
wretched, there being only a little village school in a 
cottage. The new and handsome church had only just 
been built upon the estate. After referring to the improve- 
ments made, Mr. Townend said he believed Heaton was 
one of the healthiest places in this country. There was 
another feature of which he had always been proud, and 
that was the independent spirit of the people. He believed 
one would not find in any district a smaller proportion of 



206 



History of Heaton. 



people dependent on the workhouse. Mr. Townend con- 
cluded by expressing the feelings of honour and esteem 
with which Lord Rosse was regarded by his tenants, and 
said he hoped that Lord Oxmantown, when he himself 
came to wear their mantle, would show himself worthy of 
his predecessors. 

The after proceedings were enlivened by sundry 
speeches, by the Vicar of Heaton (Rev. G. B. Flynn), 
Mr. Emanuel Dyson, Mr. J. H. Wade, J.P., Mr. C. J. Vint 
(solicitor), and Mr. Wheater Smith, interspersed with songs 
by Mr. William Thornton, Mr. Charles Blagbro', and Miss 
Edna Thornton. On the following evening, Tuesday, 
October Qth, a tea was given to all the cottage tenants 
and their wives, numbering in all about ninety, in the 
King's Arms Hotel, at Heaton, one of his lordship's inns. 
After the tea singing and speeches were enjoyed by the 
guests. 

The Earl of Rosse spends much of his time at Birr 
Castle, Ireland, and in a remarkable degree possesses the 
scientific tastes of his father, the former Earl. His present 
family consists of Lord Oxmantown, the Hon. Geoffrey 
Laurence Parsons, and Lady Muriel Parsons. 



THE HEATON ESTATE. 



The following is a list 
estate in the year 1820, and 
rentals : 

*. d- 

William Hudson ... o o o 
Thomas Brook ... 64 10 o 
John Binns, for Frank- 
land's farm 36 15 o 

John Binns, for his old 

farm 19 o o 

John Pighills 38 15 o 

Sam Maud ... ... 28 o o 

William Tetley, for both 

farms 33 o o 

William Milner and 

James Tetley ... 80 o o 



of the tenants on the Heaton 
the amount of their respective 

s. d. 

John Gill 21 o o 

Craven and Drake ... 17 o o 

William Silson ... 22 o o 

James Craven 27 5 6 

Craven and Drake, Low 

Farm 17 o o 

William Silson ... 22 o o 

James Craven 27 5 6 

Craven and Drake, Low 

Farm ... ... 25 o o 

Josh. Verity, now Wm. 

Clark 23 o o 



History of Heaton. 207 

S. d. S . d. 

Thomas Craven, now George Beaumont ... 25 o o 

John Clark 14 o o Benjamin Taylor and 

John Smith ... ... 28 o o VVhitwham ... ... 21 16 o 

Messrs. Clark's farm ... 18 o o John Dawson ... ... 16 10 o 

Mrs. Hilhouse 30 o o William Shepherd ... 22 o o 

Thomas Hall ... ... 16 5 o John Dawson, of 

Jere Davison ... ... o o o Heaton Rhodes ... o o o 

Saml. and Wm. Denby's o o o Hutton and Robinson 19 I o 

List of tenants on Lord Rosse's estate in Heaton 
parish in 1896 : 

Leaseholders for ggg Years. 

Richard Brook's Trustees Park Drive. 

Bradford Banking Co., Ltd. ... ... do. 

Firth, John ... ... ... ... do. 

Gordon, James ... ... do. 

Halle, Moritz von ... ... ... do. 

Illingworth, Frederick ... ... ... do. 

Morley, VV. J do. 

Hill, Joseph, J.P Wilmer Road. 

Tenants of Farms, Land, &C. 

Bradford Corporation ...Recreation Ground. 

Brooke, John Nursery, Bingley Road. 

Clark, John Manor House Farm. 

Clough, John King's Arms Hotel. 

Crabtree & Duckworth Land at Paradise. 

Craven, Dan Chellow Grange Farm. 

Crabtree, Mrs Highgate. 

Drake, John ...Chellow Dean Cottage. 

Firth, M. & T. W Heaton Shay Farm. 

Gawthorpe, Samuel ...West House Farm. 

George, Charles ... ...Highgate. 

Gill, Abraham Heaton Shay Farm. 

Green, Thomas Highgate and Toller Lane. 

Greenwood, Albert ... Park Side Farm. 

Greenwood, Hudson ... Heaton Village. 

Greenwood, Thompson ... ... ...Ashwell Farm. 

Halliday, Albert Heaton Shay Farm. 

Hall, Thos. F Land at Paradise. 

Illingworth, H. H., J.P. Land at Well Springs. 

Kay, John High Park Farm. 

Lingard, Henry Land at Wilmer Drive. 

Procter, Thomas Chellow Heights Farm. 



208 History of Heaton. 



Procter, Mrs Land at Quarry Street. 

Redman, Benjamin North Hall Farm. 

Simpson, Richard ... ... ...Land at Toller Lane. 

Smith, Seth Heaton Royds Farm. 

Smith, T., & Son Land at Toller Lane. 

Tetley, Ezra Land at Heights Lane. 

Tetley, Misses H. and F. ... ...Hazlehurst Farm. 

Tetley, William ... ...Chellow Grange Farm. 

Tetley, James Plantation Hall Farm. 

Tetley, Thomas S. ... ... ...Ashwell Farm. 

Tetley, Mortimer... ...Bay of Biscay Farm. 

Thompson, Benjamin S. ... ...Hare and Hounds Inn. 

Townend, W. H., J.P Heaton Hall and Park. 

Wade, J. H., J.P Heaton Gardens. 

Tenants of Stone Quarries. 

Dyson, Emanuel ... .. ... ...Plantation Hall Quarry. 

Dyson, Henry ... ... ... ...Weather Royd Quarry. 

Hammond, J. & J. ... ... ...Garden Lane Quarry. 

Hill, John, sen ... ...Daisy Hill Quarry. 

Kay, John ...High Park Quarry. 

Smith, T., & Son ...Hare and Hounds Quarry. 

Tetley, Ezra ... ...Far Park Quarry. 




History of Heaton. 209 



CHAPTER V. 
OLD HEATON SETTLEMENTS. 



Heaton Hall and its Occupiers Henry Harris, the Banker -Bradford Old Bank 
W. H. Townend Garth House James Garth Old Hostelries Shoulder of 
Mutton Inn Brown Cow Inn Hare and Hounds Inn Heaton Syke 
Mann's Gardens Woolsorters' Gardens Heaton Mount Ambler Family 
Heaton Royds The Dixons Sandy Lane. 



HEATON HALL. 

This substantial family mansion, one of the few 
remaining in the immediate neighbourhood of Bradford, 
occupies an admirable position on high ground, within a 
well-wooded park, and is the most prominent object in the 
village of Heaton. Its erection is attributed to John Field, 
who succeeded to the estates in 1660, but the original 
structure has been encased on the south and east sides by 
a frontage of considerable pretensions, a prevailing feature 
being the dressed stone columns and pediments with which 
the windows and entrances are relieved. A wing has been 
added to the Hall more recently. 

The interior of the newer portion of the Hall retains 
many of its original characteristics, the dadoes, the quaint 
and elaborate cornices, and ornate fireplaces and mantels 
being well preserved. The mantelpieces are of carved 
marble in designs in the best style of the Queen Anne 
period, of which one example is given in the sketch. Some 
are in marble of purest white texture, others in blue-veined, 
whilst in the principal rooms they are inlaid with Sienna 
marble of rich and curious marking. The hearthstones in 
both reception and bedrooms are also in marble. In the 
upper portion of the older part of the house is a chamber 
wainscotted throughout in black oak, bearing evidence of 
o 



210 



History of Heaton. 



having been transferred from a much older building. A 
number of the old family relics still remain scattered about 
those apartments not in ordinary use by the present tenant, 
and bits of the old furniture of the Hall are also preserved, 
as well as a number of the family portraits and miniatures 
extending back many generations. 




Mantel-piece, Heaton Hall. 

Heaton Hall in the heyday of its reputation was the 
scene of frequent festivities. The huge kitchen is itself a 
study, and on great occasions, when its resources were laid 
under full requisition, it might have supplied material 
comforts sufficient to " cheer a poor man's heart through 
half the year." The long line of stabling and out-offices 
also affords some indication of the style of living indulged 
in by former occupants of the Hall. At one time Heaton 
Hall was the headquarters of a numerous stud of hunters, 
and a pack of hounds was domiciled outside the park wall. 
Extensive gardens were also attached to the Hall. 



History of Heaton. 211 



THE HARRIS FAMILY. 

The first tenant, after Lady Rosse had ceased to 
retain the mansion for her own use, was Mr. Henry 
Harris, of the Bradford Old Bank, and for many years 
the head of the concern. He resided at Heaton Hall for 
thirty years, his favourite sitting-room being a small apart- 
ment to the left of the entrance door. The old bookcases, 
however, have been removed, one of them now being in the 
possession of his nephew, Mr. Alfred Harris, of Kirkby 
Lonsdale. In the drawing-room, which lies on the same 
side of the entrance vestibule, there is a very handsome 
Queen Anne wall mirror, evidently of the same date as the 
house itself. 

Mr. Harris came of an old Quaker family long settled 
in Hampshire. His father was Richard Harris, of Walworth, 
in Surrey, who married a daughter of Richard Peckover, of 
Fakenham, and three of their sons, namely, Charles, Henry, 
and Alfred, and a daughter, Sarah, came to Bradford, were 
long and honourably associated with its interests, and are 
still represented in a commercial sense. The Bradford Old 
Bank was established in 1795 by Edmund Peckover, and 
carried on by him for some years as a private concern. 
Early in the century Mr. Charles Harris became a partner 
with Mr. Peckover, the first ledger of Peckover, Harris 
and Co. being dated 1803. During the year 1812 Mr. 
Henry Harris was also admitted. In 1824 Alfred Harris, 
the youngest of the three brothers, became a partner, when 
the establishment was generally known as " Harris's Bank," 
or " Bradford Old Bank." 

Charles Harris lived for some time at Eastbrook House, 
in Peckover Walks, at a period when that region was a 
quiet suburb of the town, rejoicing in a lake several hundred 
yards in length and a pleasant park. The land upon which 
Eastbrook Chapel stands belonged to him, and he was one 
of the originators of the Friends' School in Chapel Street, 
the first elementary school of its kind in Bradford. Mr. 
Harris afterwards removed to Fulford Grange, near 



212 History of Heaton. 

York, where he died in January, 1847. Henry Harris and 
his cousin, Daniel Peckover, a Bradford woolstapler, lived 
together at Eastbrook House after it had been vacated by 
Charles Harris, both of them being bachelors. Mr. Peckover, 
however, purchased an estate at Woodhall, and went to 
reside there until his death. His family is now represented 
by Mr. Alexander Peckover, who two years ago was 
appointed Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire. He is a 
Quaker, and, it is said, is the first Nonconformist who has 
been appointed to a Lord Lieutenancy. His grandfather 
and uncle were of the firm of Peckover & Ferrand, wool 
merchants, Bradford. 

Mr. Henry Harris next resided in a comfortable house 
situate in its own grounds at the bottom of Cheapside, the 
Old Bank being then on the opposite side of the street, 
with a frontage towards Kirkgate. At that period Cheap- 
side (then known as Skinner Lane) only boasted of one 
or two low cottages, with pleasant gardens attached, the 
rest being open ground. Mr. Harris was then actively 
engaged in the management of the bank. Commercial 
affairs at Bradford about the year 1825 were in a very 
disturbed condition, owing to the failure in that year of the 
Wakefield Bank (Wentworth, Challoner & Rishworth), which 
had a branch in Market Street, Bradford. The financial 
panic of 1825, however, was not local, but extended 
over the whole kingdom, and Wentworth's failure was but 
one episode in the widespread disaster. So much was 
confidence shaken by that disastrous event and so wide- 
spread its disturbing influences, that in December, 1825, 
many of the leading substantial men of Bradford and 
neighbourhood deemed it advisable, quite unknown to the 
Harrises, to issue the following circular, which is worth 
preserving, if only because of the valuable list of names it 
contains. The circular was as follows : 

BRADFORD OLD BANK, 

December I2th, 1825. 

We, the undersigned, are desirous to express our entire confidence 
in the perfect stability of the Bank of C, H., and A. Harris of this town, 



History of Heaton. 213 

and are not only ready to accept in payment any of their notes, but 
offer our united guarantee for the safety and respectability of the 
firm : 

Benjamin Mawson. Jas. Wade, Son & Co. 

John Hustler. G. T. Lister. 

John Rand & Sons. Joseph Smith, Wilsden Hill. 

W. Horsfall & Bros. Thomas Lister. 

Hustlers & Seebohm. Col. Wm. Skelton. 

Hird, Dawson, Hardy & Field. Samuel Hailstone. 

William Wood. T. Wyrill. 

John Wood, jun. Walter Milligan & Co. 

John Wood & Son. Robert Milligan & Co. 

John Sturges & Co. Wm. & Jas. Garnett. 

Richard Crossley. Matthew Thompson. 

Thomas Gill & Sons. Rollings & Stansfeld. 

Edward Ferrand, St. Ives. Henry Leah. 

Walker Ferrand, Harden Grange. Joshua Pollard. 

T. & J. Mann & Co. George Banks, Leeds. 

W. Moulden. Aldam, Pease & Co., Leeds. 

Chapman & Milnes. Benjamin Thompson. 

Pearson, Whitehead & Co. Thos. S. Blakey. 

Smith & Chapman. Francis Duffield. 

Richard Fawcett & Son. James Bilton. 

Margerison & Peckover. J. N. Blakey. 

Henry Harris's name will long be cherished at Heaton 
for the cheery and kindly interest he took in the village 
during his long residence at Heaton Hall, and his many 
charitable deeds to the poor of the place. Although 
maintaining his connection with the Society of Friends 
until his death, he often attended the Parish Church at 
Bradford, and had pews both at Heaton Baptist Chapel, 
the Wesleyan Chapel, and St. Barnabas's Church. He 
continued his active connection with the Old Bank until 
it was converted into a joint-stock company in 1864, of 
which he continued to be a director. In 1869 he pur- 
chased the mansion called Longwood, near Bingley, erected 
by Mr. Selwyn, of the Bowling Ironworks, and died there 
in March, 1872, having nearly completed his eighty-third 
year. 

Mr. Alfred Harris, the youngest brother, erected for 
his own occupation Spring Lodge, in Manningham Lane, 
and resided there for some years. The house was after- 



214 History of Heaton. 

wards occupied by Mr. James Drummond. Both he and 
his wife were members of the Society of Friends, but 
shortly after marriage joined the Church of England, and 
were baptised at the Bradford Parish Church. As one of 
the principal partners of the Bradford Old Bank, Mr. Alfred 
Harris continued to take an active part in its management 
until it was converted into a limited liability company, and 
he then became chairman of the directorate, a position he 
held until his death. His nephew, Mr. Alfred Harris, of 
Kirkby Lonsdale, became a partner in the old firm in 1850, 
and so remained until the date of conversion to a joint 
stock company, when he became managing director. After 
the death of Sir Henry W. Ripley, M.P. (who was chairman 
for two years), Mr. Harris became the chairman, He is 
also chairman of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. 

As a citizen, Mr. Alfred Harris, sen., will be best 
remembered for his munificent gift of .4000 towards the 
erection of the Bradford Fever Hospital, although that 
was but an instalment of the liberality which distinguished 
his connection with Bradford and elsewhere. Politically, 
Mr. Harris was a Conservative of moderate views, and as 
such contested Bradford at the election in the spring of 
1859. Lord Derby's Government having been defeated on 
the second reading of their Reform Bill dissolved Parlia- 
ment. The candidates were Mr. W. H. Wickham, who 
presented himself for re-election ; Mr. Harris, and Mr. Titus 
Salt, who represented the Liberal interest. The election 
took place on April 3Oth, with the following result 
Wickham, 2076 ; Salt, 1727 ; Harris, 1229 votes. Mr. 
Harris did not subsequently offer himself as a candidate, 
nor was he ever a prominent partisan in any of the political 
struggles through which Bradford has passed. Mr. Harris 
resided for a time at Ryshworth Hall, Bingley, and subse- 
quently at Sleningford Park, Ripon. Still more recently 
he purchased the Oxton Hall estate, near Tadcaster, and 
resided there until his death in April, 1880, and in the 
eightieth year of his age. His youngest daughter became 
the first wife of Mr. William Busfeild (now Ferrand) of 
St. Ives, Bingley. He left no son. 



History of Heaton. 215 

Miss Sarah Harris, a sister of the three brothers to 
whom reference has been made, was a minister of the 
Society of Friends, and lived to a long age in Bradford. 
At one time she resided at the old house, still standing, 
near the top of Church Bank, which was afterwards 
occupied as a ladies' school by the Misses Mercer. From 
there she went to live at Sheffield, and afterwards came 
to reside at the top house in Eldon Place. 

W. H. TOWNEND. 

Mr. William Henry Townend, the present occupant of 
Heaton Hall, is an extensive wool merchant in Bradford, 
London, and Dublin. He is the son of the late George 
Townend, Esq., of Cullingworth, where the family were 
of considerable importance in the earlier portion of the 
century. Mr. Townend, however, with two of his brothers, 
commenced business in Bradford about half a century ago, 
and for fully half that period has resided at Heaton Hall. 
Since he entered into occupation many improvements have 
been made in the interior of the Hall without, however, 
destroying any of its distinctive characteristics, and also in 
the grounds adjoining. Mr. Townend was for many years 
a member and chairman of the Heaton Local Board, and 
during his connection with the Board it was through much 
pressure that a supply of town's water and an extended 
gas supply was obtained. During this period Emm Lane 
was converted into one of the finest roads in the borough. 
For some years Mr. Townend served on the North Bierley 
Board of Guardians, and since the annexation of the 
township to the borough he has been a member of the 
Bradford Corporation, in the capacity of councillor for 
Heaton. He was made a borough magistrate in 1892. 

GARTH HOUSE. 

On the western side of Heaton Hall stands a fine old 
house, having over the door the inscription I. G., 1681. The 
initials are those of a family named Garth. From a survey 



216 



History of Heaton. 



of military tenures made in 1631, by order of James I., 
it appears that Jacob Garth held lands and tenements in 
Heaton formerly belonging to Roger de Leeds, then to 
Lord Hussey, and latterly to Henry Batt, gent., amounting 
to the eightieth part of a knight's fee, for which he paid 
yearly one penny. This excellent example of an English 
homestead of the period, with the land belonging to it, was 




Porch of Garth House. 



long since purchased by the Field family, and still forms 
part of the Rosse estate. It is known in Heaton as the 
Manor House, and is now occupied by John Clark, who also 
occupies the adjoining farm. In the beginning of the present 
century it was occupied by Thomas Brook, who farmed the 
land. His wife survived him many years. During Widow 
Brook's time the house was made into the village hostelry, 



History of Heaton. 217 

with the jolly title of the "Punch Bowl Inn." The original 
village " public," however, existed near Cross Hill Top, and 
it was in consequence of that building being pulled down 
to save its committing suicide that the licence was trans- 
ferred to Widow Brooks. In its turn, the Punch Bowl 
became disestablished about the time that Solomon Clark 
built the house formerly known as the Masons' Arms, in 
Highgate, afterwards the King's Arms. The last-named 
building has since succumbed to street improvement, to 
be succeeded by the present King's Arms, a little lower 
down the street. 

James Garth, the builder of the above-named house, 
was evidently a substantial man in Heaton in his time, 
and his name appears in the assessment lists for an ample 
amount. In an indenture dated 1692, made between Joseph 
Gaugroger, of Heaton, and his brother, John Gaugroger, of 
Thornton, the latter makes over as security certain lands 
in Heaton in the occupation of Richard Illingworth and 
Jeremy Spencer, " adjoining the land of James Garth, at 
the upper end of Heaton," and eight days' work of land, 
called the Half-acres (evidence of the ancient system of 
land cultivation), the Narr Lands, Frizingley Steel, and 
Pighill, all in Heaton. In the " Nonconformist Register," 
under date 1695, there is the entry: "James Garth's new 
building in Heaton recorded as a meeting house." A view 
is given of the south frontage of the house, which, however, 
has been much altered in appearance. The sketch annexed 
of the recessed porch will give a better idea of the style of 
the original structure. 

OLD HOSTELRIES. 

In addition to the old hostelries in Heaton already 
referred to, there have been several others. In the time 
when the old Bradford and Keighley Road was by way 
of Toller Lane and Cottingley, a public-house existed at 
Leylands (pronounced Lillums) called the Shoulder of 
Mutton, and was kept by Richard Greenwood, a butcher, 
with whom William Clark and William Crabtree learned 



218 History of Heat on. 

their trade as butchers. The licence, however, was given 
up. There was another public called the Brown Cow, kept 
by John Crabtree, a well-known member of the numerous 
family of that name. John, however, came by his death 
through his connection with the Yorkshire Hussars, of 
which he was a trooper. In the year 1826, during the 
memorable power-loom riots at Horsfall's Mill, Bradford, 
referred to at page 152, he was in the saddle for three 
days, from the consequences of which he shortly afterwards 
succumbed. By the making of the new road to Bingley 
from Bradford, vehicular traffic over Cottingley Moor 
became entirely diverted, and caused the erection of the 
Turf Tavern, at the bottom of Emm Lane, and the Branch 
at Shipley Lane Head. John Crabtree's widow, Elizabeth, 
with her two sons and large family, removed to the Branch, 
of which John Crabtree, one of the sons, was for a long 
time the landlord. The Hare and Hounds (better known 
as the Dog and Rattan) was another of the old " pubs. " 
in Toller Lane, and it is the only one remaining. This 
house is principally associated with the Firth family. A 
long while ago Sammy Firth was the landlord, and had 
a son, John, who followed him, and next came Nathan 
Firth, who was landlord of the house for upwards of forty 
years. 

H EATON SYKE. 

Heaton Syke formerly consisted of an old farmstead 
and one or two cottages, which are still standing. The 
Syke occupies a beautiful position on the sunny side of 
the hill on the Heaton road. The Saxon term, "syke," 
would indicate the boggy nature of the ground formerly. 
Thus we have Carr Syke a little lower down on the same 
stream, from "carr," a hollow. 

Long before it was ever supposed that the march of 
improvement would extend to Heaton, the Syke had its 
distinctive colony, comprising the Broadleys and the 
Normingtons, and others who had been "bred and browt 
up " there, and who cultivated garden plots as a source of 
real pleasure. There was little to attract the passer-by, 



History of Heaton. 219 

however, beyond the privilege of inspecting enormous 
"berries," or it might be of tasting the flavour of real 
Heaton "peys." The row of cottages was cut off from 
the garden plots by a narrow "ginnel" leading to nowhere, 
and those tenements were yearly becoming worse for wear, 
when the property was bought by the late Mr. Isaac 
Broadley from Mr. William Firth, and by him was 
thoroughly renovated and improved, with the professional 
assistance of Mr. W. C. Atkinson, architect. Taking 
advantage of the improvements which were being effected 
by Lady Rosse's agents in laying out roadways at the 
foot of the Syke, Mr. Broadley opened out an ample 
approach in front of the row of cottages, giving to each 
a piece of garden ground, and this row has been appro- 
priately named " Garden Terrace." A conspicuous object 
from this part of Heaton is the low-level reservoir and 
pumping station belonging to the Bradford Corporation. 

The Fountain Inn and adjoining cottages have been 
erected within the past thirty years. The construction of 
Wilmer Road, connecting Victor Road with Emm Lane, 
has also materially altered the aspect of this portion of 
Heaton. In the olden days, and not long ago either, 
gardens and green pastures sloped towards the reservoir, 
among the former being " Poulter's Garden," with its 
collection of old-fashioned flowers and bed of water-cress at 
the bottom. " Joe Murgy," descendant of an old Heaton 
family, had also a narrow but well-kept strip of garden 
trending in the same direction, while " Ike Normington," 
an indefatigable florist and " berry grower," the Broadleys, 
and others diligently tilled the allotment gardens just 
referred to at Heaton Syke. The floricultural reputation 
of the locality is, however, sustained by an eminent firm 
of orchid importers, Messrs. Charlesworth, Shuttleworth 
and Co., who have established an extensive nursery for the 
cultivation of this eccentric exotic almost on the site of 
" Poulter's Garden." This firm send out collectors to all 
parts of the globe where orchids flourish, and the product 
is brought to Heaton in order to be made ready for the 
conservatories of the lovers of the orchid tribe. 



220 History of Heaton. 

The picturesque though not extensive park attached 
to Heaton Hall, adjoining, adds to the rural surroundings 
of this portion of Heaton township. Adjoining the park 
were the kitchen gardens of Heaton Hall, which during 
the residence of the Fields at Heaton were private 
grounds. When the family left this locality these gardens 
were occupied by the Mann family, and came to be styled 
" Mann Gardens." At the present time these grounds, 
with the greenhouses, &c., are leased by Mr. John Henry 
Wade, solicitor, Bradford. From this brief sketch it will 
be gathered that the neighbourhood of Heaton has been 
somewhat noted for horticulture and floriculture in the 
past, a distinct indication of the salubrious atmosphere 
surrounding. 

THE " WOOLSORTERS' GARDENS." 

The Heaton Grove estate is an outcome of the growth 
of Bradford. Within the recollection of many persons who 
have not attained to a very mature age, the site of Heaton 
Grove was better known as the " Woolsorters' Gardens." 
Towards the close of the first half of the present century 
there was considerable stress, if not actual deprivation, among 
woolsorters and others engaged in the manipulation of wool 
and a movement was set on foot to relieve this stress by 
the very commendable method of providing employment 
for those who were not only able but willing to work in 
order to procure food for themselves and those dependent 
upon them. Accordingly, the grounds upon which the 
Heaton Grove villas now stand were leased from the owner, 
Mr. James Beanland, and prepared by the manual labour 
of woolsorters for the growth of vegetables and such horti- 
cultural produce as might find sale in the local markets. 

The scheme met with encouraging laudation, and was 
regarded as a healthy movement for restoring an overgrown 
population " back to the land." Without attempting com- 
parisons with more recent efforts in a similar direction, suffice 
it that the Woolsorters' Garden scheme proved to be a 
miserable failure. The ground, acquired on most reason- 



History of Heaton. 221 

able terms from Beanland, the owner, was in every way 
adapted for successful horticultural operations, but the men 
and the method were wanting. Indeed, it was not to be 
expected that persons accustomed to close application in 
the manipulation of wool (skilful enough in their way) should 
be found equal to the arduous toil of turning over spadesful 
of soil to the depth requisite to efficient cultivation, and 
this for days together. As an accessory to the original 
scheme swimming baths were constructed, but these were 
obviously too far removed from the " throbbing crowd " of 
Bradford to be ever likely to succeed, and subsequently 
other projects were devised, including a monkey-house and 
dancing saloon, but all to no purpose, and about the year 
1862 the Woolsorters' Gardens were given up as a pro- 
nounced failure. 

Since that unfortunate ending the Heaton Grove estate 
has entered upon better times, and is now studded with 
villa residences, which are in every way in keeping with its 
congenial surroundings. 

ME A TON MOUNT. 

Immediately adjoining to the Heaton Grove estate is 
Heaton Mount, the residence of Mr. John Ambler, J.P., 
chairman of the firm of Messrs. Jeremiah Ambler & Sons, 
Limited, Midland Mills, Bradford. The history of his 
family is interesting from the fact that the early members 
of it were among the first to introduce manufactures into 
the adjoining township of Manningham. 

Jeremiah Ambler, grandfather of Mr. John Ambler, 
was of the Baildon family of that name, and in the year 
1796 commenced business at Fern Cottage, Skinner Lane, 
Manningham, as manufacturer of worsted bagging and 
oil-press hairs used by seed crushers, being assisted by 
his sons, Jeremiah and William. Three hand - looms, 
however, were equal to all their requirements, and 
these of the most primitive type, in which the weaver 
threw the shuttle with one hand and caught it with 
the other. Jeremiah Ambler, sen., is said to have been 



222 History of Heaton. 

the first Grand Master of the Lodge of Hope, 302 
of the Ancient Order of Freemasons, Bradford, which 
celebrated its centenary last year. He died in 1851, aged 
eighty years. The business in Skinner Lane mainly 
devolved upon his son Jeremiah, who in due course took 
several of his sons into partnership with him. From 
purchasing worsted yarn for the bagging, Jeremiah and 
his sons began to spin it, and for that purpose took 
Hollings Mill, in Silsbridge Lane, after the late Sir Titus 
Salt left it for Saltaire. In 1863 the first portion of 
Midland Mills in Valley Road was erected, which, by sub- 
sequent additions, have grown to their present proportions. 

Jeremiah Ambler died in 1876. For some years prior 
to that event the business had devolved upon his four 
sons, viz., John, Edward Binks, George, and Samuel. 
Now the principal partners are John, of Heaton 
Mount ; George, who resides at Kirklands, Baildon ; 
John Ambler, jun., and Sam Ambler, sons of the late 
Edward Binks Ambler, directors. Another son, James 
Ambler, is a stuff merchant in Bradford. There are also 
four daughters living. From small beginnings and the 
force of circumstances, the business of Jeremiah Ambler 
and Sons grew to marvellous dimensions. The firm 
began to buy Cape mohair at a period when the whole 
year's clip could be bought up by one or two firms. 
Thus, while still carrying on the original business, mohair 
yarn spinning has become the specialty of the firm. 

In the year 1889 Mr. John Ambler purchased the 
Heaton Mount estate, formerly owned by the late Mr. 
Robert Kell, the house having been erected by him in 
1864 for his own residence, on a site then surrounded by 
green fields. Mr. Ambler also acquired the land on the lower 
side of Shipley Road, which has been sold off in sites for 
villa residences. Heaton Mount is an imposing erection in 
the Italian style of architecture, and occupies a com- 
manding position to the left of the Bradford and Shipley 
Road. It is surrounded by a park and grounds covering 
about nine acres, which are tastefully laid out and nicely 
wooded. 



History of Heaton. 223 



HE A TON ROYDS. 

At Heaton Royds we are introduced to another 
interesting old place, the ancient abode of the Dixons, 
who held the property for 300 years. In 1564 William 
Dixon, of Heaton Royds, filed a bill against the then lord 
of the manor of Heaton and several freeholders to compel 
them to restore a considerable portion of the common 
which they had enclosed. The Dixons were a noted 
Presbyterian family. One member was a captain in 
Cromwell's army. Jeremy Dixon, who died in 1725, 
devised his estate at Heaton Royds to a Joshua Dixon, 
of Leeds. He also devised an estate at Birchinlee, near 
Wilsden, for the benefit of the minister for the time being 
of the old Presbyterian Meeting-house in Chapel Lane, 
Bradford, near which he lies buried. The family were 
in early times merchants, and connected with the Leeds 
trade, but later branches furnished several officers high in 
command in the army. Over the door of the old house 
now standing are the initials I. D., and the date 1632. 
For generations Heaton Royds Farm was occupied by the 
Firth family, who also tenanted for a long period Heaton 
Shay, adjoining. 

Old records of Heaton contain the name of Dr. 
Bradford, who was probably the only medical practitioner 
in the village and for many miles around. The will of 
John Bradford, of Heaton Royds, was proved in 1739. 
His wife, Mary, appears to have married, in 1740, 
Abram Rhodes, whose will was proved in 1781. His 
sons mentioned were John, William, and Abraham, and 
the daughters Sarah, Phoebe, and Polly. 

Dawson Farm was sold by John Dawson, in 1809, to 
Joshua Field, Esq., of Heaton Hall, for 2210. The lot 
included seven houses, a barn, and forty-two days' work 
of land. This farm came into the Dawson family, of 
Wrose, by intermarriage with the Brooksbanks, in whose 
possession it had been for generations. Gill Farm, which 
lies adjacent to Heaton Shay, is another homestead 



224 History of Heaton. 

long associated with the family from which its name is 
taken. 

SANDY LANE. 

Sandy Lane Bottom is another outlying part of 
Heaton which bids fair to become one of its most 
populous suburbs. Sixty or seventy years ago Sandy 
Lane consisted of about half a-dozen dwellings, all of the 
humbler class. Owing to the erection of a worsted factory 
by Messrs. Charles Sowden & Sons, an impetus was 
given to its growth which is still going forward. Messrs. 
Sovvden's works have since been much enlarged, and are 
now very extensive. Mr. Councillor David Wade, manu- 
facturer, has also large works at Sandy Lane, in addition 
to those at Bradford. A Baptist chapel and school, 
and a Wesleyan chapel close by, supply the spiritual 
and educational wants of this distinctly outlying district. 
Sandy Lane enjoys the distinction of being one of the 
most remote corners of the borough of Bradford, and, at 
the present time, one of the least accessible. A scheme 
is, however, afoot for remedying the last-named disability 
by means of a road connecting it with the centre of 
Allerton. 




History of Heat on. 225 



CHAPTER VI. 
THE MANOR OF CHELLOW. 



Chellow an Ancient Manor Lease from the Abbot of Selby Subsequent Lords 
of the Manor Chellow Grange Bradford Waterworks Heaton Reservoir 
The Nidd Scheme. 



CHELLOW AND CHELLOW GRANGE. 

Chellow has been accurately described as lying upon 
one of the chilliest and bleakest spots in Heaton township, 
and this fact is supposed to have some connection with its 
name. Chellow, however, was a manor of itself, the Abbot 
of Selby being in 1481 lord of the manor. The manor- 
house formed part of what has since been called Chellow 
Grange. The estate appears to have been given to Selby 
Abbey by Robert de Everingham, for the good of his soul 
and that of his wife Isabel. At any rate, we find from an 
indenture " given the last day of October, on the twenty- 
first year of the reign of King Edward the Fourth after 
the Conquest," that the Abbot of Selby granted a fifty 
years' lease of Chellow to Nicholas Leventhorpe, a man 
of some standing at that period. The deed is in Latin, 
of which the following is a translation, viz. : 

Lease by the Abbot of Selby. 

This Indenture made between John Abbot of the Monastery of 
St. Germain of Selby in the County of York and the Convent of the 
same place of the one part and Nicholas Leuenthorpe Esquire of 
the other part witnesses that the aforesaid Abbot and Convent have 
granted and by these presents have demised to the aforesaid Nicholas 
their township of Chelleslawe otherwise the site of their manor of 
Chellowe in the County aforesaid together with all buildings land 
meadows pastures and fields to the said township or manor belonging 
with all their appurtenances To have and to hold the aforesaid 
P 



226 History of Heaton. 

township or site of the manor buildings land meadows pastures fields 
with their appurtenances to the aforesaid Nicholas his heirs executors 
and assigns from the feast of St. Martin in winter next ensuing after 
the date of these presents to the end and term of fifty years then 
next following and fully to be completed Paying therefrom annually 
to the aforesaid Abbot and Convent and their successors at Selby 
aforesaid forty shillings of legal money of England at two annual 
terms to wit at the Feasts of Pentecost and St. Martin in winter by 
equal portions the term of the first payment of the said farm or rent 
beginning at the Feast of Pentecost next ensuing after the date of 
these presents 

The aforesaid Abbot and Convent have granted also to the 
aforesaid Nicholas sufficient underwood to be taken by him his heirs 
executors and assigns in their wood there as well for his reasonable 
fuel and other necessaries as for the enclosure of the township or site 
of the manor aforesaid and of the land belonging to the same which 
enclosure they will require as often as it shall be necessary at 
opportune and convenient times to be thrown open [prosternendu, lit. 
to be thrown down] and that the said Nicholas his heirs executors 
and assigns may cut branches off the trees growing in the wood 
aforesaid in the winter season and make his profit of the branches 
so cut down during the term aforesaid And also the aforesaid 
Nicholas his heirs executors and assigns shall repair and keep in 
order all the buildings to the township or site of the manor aforesaid 
belonging in all their necessaries as often as shall be necessary at his 
own proper costs and expense or shall cause them to be competently 
repaired during the term aforesaid and the same competently repaired 
the aforesaid Abbot and Convent and their successors shall demise to 
the end of the aforesaid term For which repairs the aforesaid Abbot 
and Convent and their successors shall cause to be delivered sufficient 
timber from the trees growing there as often as it shall be necessary 
And the aforesaid Nicholas wills and grants for himself his heirs 
executors and assigns by these presents that he &c. shall cause the 
whole wood growing there called Netherdene to be well and diligently 
kept that no waste or destruction be made there by his men or 
animals or other things during the term above-written for which wood 
so preserved and kept the aforesaid Abbot and Convent &c. have 
granted to the aforesaid Nicholas sufficient clothing of their suit of 
such quantity as any steward or keeper of their manors hath taken 
or shall take as often as or when the aforesaid Abbot and Convent 
&c. happen to give livery of clothes to their stewards 

The aforesaid Nicholas also wills and grants for himself &c. that 
if it happen the aforesaid rent or farm of forty shillings shall be in 
arrear in part or in whole after any feast of the feasts aforesaid or 
term of the terms aforesaid on which it ought to be paid for a quarter 
of a year not paid and sufficient distraint in the aforesaid township 



History of Heaton. 227 

or site &c. cannot be found to distrain that then it shall be lawful to 
the said Abbot &c. into the aforesaid township &c. to re-enter re-have 
and enjoy as in their former estate and to dispose thereof as to them 
shall seem good this grant and demise notwithstanding And the 
aforesaid Abbot &c. the said township &c. to the aforesaid Nicholas 
&c. will warrant against all men in form aforesaid In witness whereof 
to one part of this Indenture &c. the aforesaid Abbot &c. have affixed 
their seal and to the other part of the said Indenture &c. the afore- 
said Nicholas hath set his seal Given the last day of October in 
the twenty-first year of the reign of King Edward the Fourth after 
the conquest of England. 

Nicholas Leventhorpe also held a lease as " farmer " of 
the adjoining manor of Bradford, as appears from an 
extract from the Rolls Chronicles, being materials for 
a History of Henry VII., vol. 2, p. 264. Under date 
March i, 1488, there is the following entry, viz.: 

Lease to farm by the advice of the Council of the Duchy of 
Lancaster for seven years from Michaelmas last past, before date of 
present letters, to Nicholas Leventhorpe, of the lordship and manor of 
Bradford, with appurtenances, Co. York : The corn and cloth fulling 
mill, toll, stallage, franchise, and right of grazing cattle on Bradford 
Bank, the perquisites of the Court, and the shops beneath the Hall of 
Pleas being reserved to the King, at an annual rental of xviii. li. xiii d - 
and for increments vj s - viij d - 

For about two centuries the Leventhorpes held the manor 
of Horton, and about the time of the Reformation, on the 
death of the last male heir, it passed over to the Lacies. 

In November, 1492, Nicholas Leventhorpe made an 
assignment of his lease of Chellow to one Robert 
Ryshworth, of Pontefract, and confirmed by Robert, Abbot 
of Selby, the term of the lease being sixty years, and in 
1515 another assignment took place in favour of Edward 
Boiling. On the dissolution of the monasteries negotiations 
for the purchase of the estate were carried on by two 
persons named Richard Taylor and William Sunderland. 
It was then described as a messuage and farm, with divers 
closes and other lands and appurtenances, in the tenure of 
Tristram Boiling, and worth .3 per year. This was the 
second Tristram Boiling of the later time, his grandfather 
Tristram making Chellow the family seat on his retirement 



228 History of Heaton. 

from Boiling on his daughter Rosamond's marriage with 
Richard Tempest. 

The early history of the Boiling family was treated of 
in our "History of Bowling," or Boiling, from which town- 
ship they sprang. It will, therefore, suffice to confine 
present reference to the branch which settled at Chellow. 
The family history is traceable to very early times, and 
became merged in that of the Tempests, by the marriage 
of Rosamond, daughter of Tristram Boiling, of Boiling 
Hall, with Sir Richard Tempest. Upon the consummation 
of that marriage Tristram Boiling left Boiling Hall to his 
distinguished son-in-law, and removed to Chellow, where 
he died in 1502. He was succeeded at Chellow by his 
son, Edward Boiling, who died in 1543, and who in turn 
was followed by his son Tristram, who lived at Chellow, 
and died there in 1561. 

Descendants of the Boilings continued to live at Chellow 
until we come to William Boiling, who was living there in 
the early part of the eighteenth century. It was during 
his lifetime that a migration of some members of the family 
took place to Ilkley, where their descendants continued until 
recently, and ultimately succeeded to properties at Chellow 
and Manningham. Members of the Boiling family for 300 
years tenanted land held in fee by the trustees of the 
Sedbergh Grammar School at Ilkley, William and Lister 
Boiling being the last survivors. 

Of the later owners of the Chellow Grange estate it 
will suffice to state that a conveyance of the property was 
made by Mrs. Prescott, a daughter of Nathaniel Boiling, 
to Richard and William Hodgson, of Whetley, in whose 
descendants the estate remained until 1895, when it was 
disposed of entire to the Bradford Corporation for proposed 
filtration works in connection with the Nidd waterworks 
scheme. The estate comprised about ninety-five acres. 
The adjoining estate of twelve acres, belonging to the Earl 
of Rosse, was acquired at the same time and for the same 
purpose. 

Of the former tenants of Chellow Grange mention may 
be made of Matthew Bailey, the Craven family, George 



History of Heaton. 229 

Thompson Lister, and Edward Bilton. Edward Bilton's 
father was also named Edward, and generally known as 
"Quaker Bilton," of Bolton Banks Farm. He married 
Margaret Guy, his sister being the late Mrs. Hannah Dale, 
married to Christopher Dale, of Bolton Banks Farm. A 
Mr. Macfarlane had once a boarding school in a portion 
of Chellow Grange. The tenant prior to the estate being 
disposed of to the Corporation was named Pearson Clayton 
Booth. On the adjoining farm, formerly belonging to 
the Rosse estate, Benjamin and William Rhodes were the 
occupiers in 1848 ; Joshua Tetley and Joseph Rhodes in 
1868; and William Tetley in 1895. 

BRA DFORD IV A TER WORKS. 

In the compilation of this volume we are brought into 
contact with an important section of the vast system for 
supplying the borough of Bradford with water, indispens- 
able both for domestic and manufacturing requirements. 
In Manningham township is situate the Whetley Hill 
Reservoir, receiving its supply from the original source at 
Manywells Spring. About the centre of Heaton township 
is the Heaton Reservoir and its recent auxiliary, the 
pumping station, intended to lift, by means of powerful 
pumping apparatus, the low-level water in the adjoining 
reservoir up to the high-level system. As to the economical 
utility of this arrangement opinion is divided. Without 
hazarding any opinion on the point, all we have to say is 
that the tall chimney-stalk, albeit encased with stone to 
meet the expressed wishes of those living within its shadow ; 
is certainly not in accord with its otherwise picturesque 
surroundings. In this declaration we shall probably have 
the support of native-born Heatonians, and of not a few 
who have in recent years made that place their abode. 

At Chellow Dean conditions of a more pleasing 
character exist, but fuller details on this point may be 
reserved for the Allerton section of this work. Chellow 
Dean reservoir, it may be stated, practically divides the 
townships of Heaton and Allerton. At Chellow Grange, 



280 History of Heaton. 

however, we are in touch with the latest development of 
the Corporation scheme of water-supply, that authority 
having secured above one hundred acres of the ancient 
manor of Chellow for proposed filtration works in connec- 
tion with the Nidd scheme of extension. 

At this juncture, therefore, it appears opportune to 
give a brief history of the Bradford Waterworks brought 
up to date. To this end we are indebted for the following 
particulars to Mr. James Watson, C.E., chief waterworks 
engineer of the Corporation, to whose engineering skill the 
borough and Corporation are indebted for the working out 
of the Nidd scheme, which will in the future be so important 
an addition to the system at large. 

ORIGIN OF THE WORKS. 

The Bradford Waterworks dates from the year 1744. 
On the 3Oth October of that year a preliminary meeting 
was held, at which an indenture of co-partnership made 
between certain parties forming a company to convey 
water from Haycliffe Hill, in the township of Horton, was 
entered into. Contracts for pipes were let at the same 
meeting and arrangements made for commencing the work. 

In the thirtieth year of the reign of King George III. 
(1790), an Act was passed entitled "An Act for preserving 
the works made for supplying the town of Bradford, in 
the county of York, and part of the township of Little 
Horton with water, for the more easy recovery of the 
rents for the said water, and to enable the proprietors to 
borrow money for improving such works." These works 
were for a long time under the management of Mr. 
William Thornton, formerly of Westgate, Bradford, solicitor. 
The first reservoir was in Westgate, behind the dwelling- 
house occupied by Judith Barrett, commonly known as 
"Old Judy," who carried on a business as a greengrocer, 
confectioner, and sweetmeat purveyor. Her humbugs, 
known as " Judy's humbugs," were known far and near. 
The site of this reservoir has had a good substantial 
building placed upon it, and is now used as a barber's 



History of Heaton. 231 

shop, just above John Street. There were only ten shares 
in the original company of proprietors. In the year 1843 
the above proprietary was wound up, and the works 
transferred to the late company, but ultimately abandoned. 

The first general meeting of the Bradford Waterworks 
Company, constituted by Act of 5th Victoria, met May 
1 3th, 1842. The capital was ,44,000, in 2200 shares of 
20 each, and was for the construction of works at 
Manywells, Chellow Dean (the lower reservoir), Globe 
Reservoir, the laying of pipes from Manywells to Lower 
Chellow and Globe Reservoir, and a sum of 4000 was 
to be paid to the old proprietors for works, &c., taken 
over. The contract for the line of pipes from Manywells 
to the Globe Reservoir was let I5th July, 1844. 

In 1854 an agreement was made between the Water- 
works Company (who were then asking Parliamentary 
powers for constructing additional works and raising a 
further sum of money to compete with the increased 
demand for water, by reason of the growth of the town), 
that subject to the sanction of Parliament the Company 
should sell to the Corporation their undertaking for 
165,000, the Corporation entering into the liabilities of 
the Company not only with respect to existing works but 
also works contemplated by the Act, as and from the 
1st day of January, 1855. 

HEATON RESERVOIR. 

The works under the Bill of 1854 were the construction 
of a reservoir at Heaton, the construction of a conduit from 
Heaton to Barden, the Barden Reservoir, Chelker Reservoir, 
and the construction of compensation reservoirs at Grim- 
with and Silsden. The contract for making the Heaton 
Reservoir was let on the nth April, 1856, as well as other 
works in connection with the above Act of Parliament. 
The Heaton Reservoir was finished at the end of 1857, but 
on account of the conduit and other works between Heaton 
and Barden not being completed could not be brought fully 
into use for the supply of the town until 1860. 



282 History of Heaton. 

During the summer of 1885, the Heaton Reservoir was 
emptied and cleaned out, and improved by deepening it 
round the high water level so as to secure a minimum 
depth of six feet of water. This object was secured by 
building a substantial wall, and filling it behind with the 
material excavated from within the reservoir. New outlet 
pipes for the 24in. and 3Oin. mains were laid, and the 
entrance basins altered and improved. A portion of the 
bottom of the reservoir was also covered with puddle. New 
suction and entrance pipes for the contemplated pipe 
connecting the high and low levels were also put in. The 
works of improvement were carried out without in any way 
impairing the general supply on the low level. 

The work required to be done to connect the high and 
low levels was taken in hand in 1887, when a 24in. main 
was laid from Heaton Reservoir to Horton Bank Reservoir, 
and contracts for the engines and pumps were let to 
Messrs. Simpson, of London ; the boilers to Messrs. Spurr 
and Inman, Wakefield ; the engine-house, boiler-house, and 
chimney to Messrs. Birkby & Sons, Wyke. 

The pumping plant was brought into use in 1890, after 
having fulfilled the requirements of the specification of a 
six months' test, viz., that each engine and its two pumps 
must be capable of lifting one million gallons of water per 
day of twenty-four hours to a height of 484 feet, making 
thirty-four double strokes per minute, at a piston speed of 
85 lineal feet per minute. 

THE NIDD SCHEME. 

The new works, sanctioned by Acts of Parliament 
1890 and 1892, consist of a compensation reservoir, to 
contain 1,564,000,000 gallons (now in course of construction), 
called Gouthwaite Reservoir, situate on the River Nidd, 
about two miles above the town of Pateley Bridge ; three 
storage reservoirs for town supply, on the higher reaches of 
the River Nidd and Stone Beck, to be called Angram 
Reservoir, Lodge Reservoir, and High Woodale Reservoir, 
having an aggregate holding capacity of 2,596,000,000 ; and 



History of Heaton. 238 

an aqueduct, sft. 6in. wide, 6ft. sin. high, of which 10,164 
yards in length is in tunnel (one of the tunnels being 
nearly four miles in length), and 21,274 yards in length in 
cut and cover. 

The valleys are crossed by (one line meantime 36in. 
diameter) steel and cast iron pipes, 24,783 yards in length, 
to the service reservoir and filter beds to be constructed at 
Chellow Heights, within the township of Heaton. The 
total length of the main line of aqueduct from the Nidd to 
Chellow Heights is thirty-two miles ; but in connection with 
the works there are also one and a-half miles of branch 
aqueducts or pipe lines, and many aqueduct and other 
bridges, masonry, dams, embankments, roads, &c. The main 
aqueduct, in tunnel and cut and cover, are being constructed 
to carry over 20,000,000 gallons per day, and the single 
line of pipes half that quantity, as 10,000,000 gallons per 
day is expected to be sufficient for the next twenty-five 
years, when the pipe line across the valleys may then be 
duplicated. 

The works have been in progress for two years past, 
and are expected to be completed about 1900. The cost 
of the works now let and in progress, and of the lands 
and easements required, will amount to .800,000, and when 
fully completed to .1,330,000. 

The maximum quantity of water to be drawn from 
the Nidd Valley for the supply of Bradford is restricted 
by Act of Parliament to 17,000,000 gallons per day, which 
quantity added to 10,000,000 gallons per day available 
from the Wharfe, Aire, and Worth Valleys will make the 
future daily available supply 27,000,000 gallons, or forty 
gallons per head per day to a population of 675,000. The 
population now supplied is over 400,000. 



234 History of Heaton. 



CHAPTER VII. 
RELIGIO US ORGANISA TIONS. 



Heaton Baptists Church of St. Barnabas Wesleyanism at Heaton Educational 
Institutions Sandy Lane Chapels. 



HEATON BAPTISTS. 

The Baptist Society at Heaton is the oldest religious 
organisation in the township, and it is one of the oldest 
in the West Riding. Nearly two centuries ago a meeting- 
house existed at Heaton, the situation of which was long 
known as Chapel Fold. This meeting-house was, however, 
pulled down a century ago. The chapel-yard was long 
after occupied as a garden by John Gott, who not unfre- 
quently turned up coffin tires and other evidences that man 
" cometh forth as a flower and is cut down ; he fleeth as 
a shadow and continueth not." All traces of this quiet 
resting-place have now been swept away, as an immense 
quarry was opened on the spot some years ago, and is 
now filled up. According to tradition, the baptisms took 
place in the brook near the spring in the wood through 
which the road to Heaton Royds passes. 

The records being lost, much is left for conjecture as 
to the origin and date of the old Baptist Society of Heaton. 
It appears certain, however, that the Revs. David Crossley 
and William Mitchell, and especially the latter (who was 
the honoured instrument of introducing the Baptist cause 
into the West of Yorkshire), were the principal promoters 
of the cause at Heaton. Mr. Mitchell was twice appre- 
hended under the Conventicle Act, first at Goodshaw 
Chapel, where he was treated with the utmost rudeness. 
The second time he was taken " near Bradford," doubtless 



History of Heaton. 



235 



at Heaton, from whence he was carried prisoner to York 
Castle, where he lay till released through the influence of 
Walter Calverley, Esq., a few days before the liberty 
granted by King James was proclaimed. After some 
years' itinerancy, during which he regularly visited and 
" broke bread " to the little societies under his charge, 
which included Heaton, Rawdon, and other places, Mr. 
Mitchell took up his abode at Rawdon, where he died in 
1705. 




Heaton Baptist Chapel. 

David Crossley, who also visited Heaton, was one of 
the most popular of the Calvinistic Baptists, and was 
acquainted with both John Bunyan and George Whitfield. 
He died in 1744. The church in Rossendale, being the 
nearest and strongest constituted Baptist Society, took under 
its protection several smaller communities, the members 
whereof were included within its church-roll, and were 



236 History of Heaton. 

visited by Mitchell, Crossley, and others. Among the 
number was the Rev. John Moore, who afterwards became a 
popular preacher and pastor of the church at Northampton. 
We have before us a printed sermon preached by him in 
the old meeting-house at Heaton, in the year 1711, entitled 
"Christ, the Mediator," which would apparently have taken 
fully two hours in its delivery. 

In the " Dying Experience of Alice Rawson," of 
Bradford, reprinted in the Cottage Magazine of 1826 
(and brought under notice by Mr. Charles A. Federer, of 
Bradford), there is probably the first dated mention of the 
Baptist Preaching-house at Heaton. The original manu- 
script was dated 1697, and in it Alice Rawson says : 

And I cannot but acquaint you, my dear relations, that the Lord 
hath been pleased to make use of William Mitchell, David Crossley, 
and John Moore, chiefly and above any else, as instruments in His 
hands for the comforting and cherishing of me. ... I have 
continued in a sweet, heavenly, and comfortable frame all along, since 
April last (1697), that I heard John Moore preach at Heaton upon 
Romans v. i. 

The history of the Heaton Society remains in obscurity 
during the first half of last century. Doubtless that was 
a period of great struggling, ending, it would appear, in 
the dissolution of the church as a constituted body. During 
the year 1751 several persons met in the house of Elizabeth 
Frankland, at Manningham, and gave pressing invitations 
to several Baptist ministers to pay occasional visits to 
Heaton, which resulted in a " call " being given to the 
Rev. William Crabtree, then a young man connected with 
Wainsgate Church, to become minister of Westgate Baptist 
Chapel, Bradford. In a sense, therefore, the movement 
originating among the Heaton Baptists led to the founda- 
tion of the present "Top o' t'Town Chapel," Bradford. 
Of the first list of members which has been preserved, 
several were those of Heaton people. 

In course of time the people of Westgate gave a 
helping hand towards the resuscitation of the Baptist 
interest at Heaton, and a chapel was erected there in 
1824-5 at a cost of 900, but much voluntary labour 






History of Heaton. 237 

was given in its erection which was not included in the 
estimated cost, and which at the present day would 
assuredly have to be paid for. The chapel was opened 
in 1825, and during the same year the Baptists of Heaton, 
numbering eighteen, were dismissed from Dr. Steadman's 
church at Westgate, and formed into a church at Heaton, 
with the addition of three members from Shipley. 

The erection of the chapel was largely promoted by 
Dr. Steadman, of Westgate Chapel, who, with Dr. Godwin, 
of Sion, and the Rev. Isaac Mann, of Shipley, signed an 
appeal to several Baptist churches in the district on behalf 
of the building fund. Of the sum required, viz., nearly 
.900, about 240 was raised at Heaton ; the remainder 
came from Baptists at Bradford, Havvorth, Leeds, Parsley, 
Rawdon, Coventry, and Salendine Nook. The original 
subscription book is before us, from which it appears that 
the principal contributors at Heaton were Samuel B. 
Clapham (who gave thirty guineas), Joseph Jowett, Rev. 
Isaac Mann, William Hargrcaves, Matthew Bailey, Thomas 
Whitley, William Bailey, James Greenwood, John Lambert, 
Thomas Ackroyd, William Tetley, and Benjamin Illingworth. 
The Bradford list was headed by Dr. Steadman (with 
fifteen guineas), Illingworth & Murgatroyd (thirty guineas), 
Samuel Broadley, John Brogden, William Tetley, William 
Rhodes, William Hargreaves, John King, John Keighley, 
Thomas Aked, John Hill, and John Anderton. 

On April 1st, 1825, Mr. John Spooner, then student 
at Bradford Academy, received a unanimous call to the 
pastorship, and he began his stated ministry on the 1st of 
June following. Mr. Spooner resigned the charge after a 
pastorate of four years. From a record in the Church 
Book it seems that their " esteemed pastor, the Rev. John 
Spooner, was under the painful necessity of resigning his 
charge," on account of the " disordered state of the Church, 
and the inadequate supply given by the Church for his 
support." For some time afterwards the pulpit was supplied 
by Mr. Joseph Shaw, but there was little vitality in the 
cause, and in 1840 it was so exceedingly low and weak 
that the Church was dissolved by mutual consent, and 



288 History of Heaton. 

thirty-two members were received into the first Baptist 
Church, Bradford. Heaton for twenty-two years remained 
as a preaching station, under the control of Westgate 
Church, the pulpit being supplied by students from Horton 
College, lay brethren, and occasionally by the Rev. H. 
Dowson, pastor at Westgate, and his assistants or co-pastors. 

During the year 1868, however, a request was made 
to the Church at Westgate, by members attending the 
chapel at Heaton, that they should be again formed into a 
Church, and accordingly a Church was formed. After three 
years' quiet working the Rev. G. Brockway, of Culmstock, 
became pastor. He terminated his ministry in 1872, "the 
Church for some time having been very much divided." 
For five years the Church was without a pastor, but some 
progress was made, the Sunday school especially being 
alive and vigorous. A commodious and handsome school 
was opened in 1873, at a cost of ;i6oo. 

In August, 1876, the present pastor, the Rev. R. 
Howarth, then a student at Brighton Grove College, Man- 
chester, supplied the pulpit for a Sunday, and in the following 
March he received and accepted a unanimous invitation to 
the pastorate. Since then there has been steady progress 
in the cause, both numerically, financially, and spiritually. 
In September, 1893, the old chapel was removed, and the 
erection of the present new chapel was commenced, at an 
estimated cost of 3500, the architect being Mr. John 
Jackson, of Bradford. The new building, of which an 
illustration is given, is in the Gothic style of architecture, 
and is now (January, 1896) nearing completion. It will 
in all respects be an immense improvement upon the old 
chapel. 

57: BARNABAS'S CHURCH. 

The church of St. Barnabas at Heaton was erected in 
1863, upon a site given by the Earl of Rosse. Its position 
is undoubtedly one of the most commanding in the neigh- 
bourhood. The church consists of nave, south aisle, and 
chancel, with semi-circular apse and organ chamber ; tower 
and spire. The style of architecture is French-Gothic of 



History of Heaton. 



239 



the early part of the thirteenth century. The cost of the 
church was about 2800. In addition to the gift of the 
site, the Earl of Rosse contributed 200, but the principal 
contributor was Mr. Benjamin Wood, of Frizinghall, who, 
at a cost of 600, erected the tower and spire, besides 
giving generous co-operation in other ways. A large 




St. Barnabas's Church, Heaton. 



parsonage house was also built on adjoining ground, at a 
cost of 1100. The ecclesiastical district comprises Heaton 
and Frizinghall, and the patronage is in the hands of five 
local trustees. 

The Rev. H. A. Mitton, who for several years acted 



240 History of Heaton. 

as curate in the district, received the first appointment of 
incumbent, and laboured with considerable success until 
1868, when he was made vicar of Bishop Auckland. The 
manner in which he received this appointment was some- 
what remarkable. One Sunday morning while Mr. Mitton 
was conducting the service in Heaton Church, a strange 
elderly gentleman took a back seat in the church and 
remained to the close. After the congregation had dispersed 
he made his way to the parsonage adjoining, and inquired 
for Mr. Mitton. With little ceremony the old gentleman 
informed the young clergyman that he was the Bishop of 
Durham, and had formed one of his morning congregation. 
Having the vacant vicarage of Bishop Auckland at his 
disposal, he had heard of the zeal of Mr. Mitton, and 
thereupon offered him the living. An offer so graciously 
made was, of course, in due time as graciously accepted. 
Mr. Mitton some years ago resigned this living on his 
appointment to the Mastership of Sherburn Hospital, 
Durham. He was succeeded at Heaton by the Rev. 
Thomas Miller, who in 1877 left the living, and for some 
years the parish was entrusted to curates-in -charge. In 
April, 1887, the Rev. G. B. Flynn became curate-in-charge, 
and so remained until 1891, when he entered to the living. 
Mr. Flynn still holds that position with acceptance to his 
parishioners generally. 

During the present vicariate, the church of St. Barnabas 
has received important improvements at the hands of Mr. 
Frederick Illingworth, of Heather Bank, Heaton, who, at 
great expense, not only reconstructed the organ in the 
church on the electric principle, but erected the vestry, gave 
a peal of eight bells, and made important additions to 
the chancel of the church. Mr. Illingworth has recently 
announced his intention of completing the edifice by the 
erection of the north aisle, an enlargement which will make 
Heaton Church one of the prettiest in Bradford. The 
above contributions are in addition to the gift by the same 
gentleman of 500 on the induction of the present vicar 
to the Bishops' Victoria Jubilee Fund, on behalf of aged 
and necessitous clergy, and a similar amount towards the 



History of Heaton. 241 

erection of the new church at Frizinghall. The munificence 
for church objects by Mr. Benjamin Wood has been already 
referred to. Shortly before his death in 1894, however, he 
presented to the Vicar of Heaton the sum of 1000, $oo 
of which was to be given to the new church at Frizinghall 
on its consecration, and 500 towards the augmentation of 
curates' salaries at Heaton. 



WESLEYANISM AT HEATON. 

The first Sunday school in Heaton was established by 
Mr. Richard Walker, saddler, of Darley Street, Bradford, 
and a few Wesleyan friends, about the year 1813. Samuel 
Broadley, a handloom weaver, residing in Paradise Row, 
allowed them the use of his chamber for a school-room, 
and in this not very commodious place the school was 
carried on for a number of years. About the year 1814, 
Joshua Field, Esq., of Heaton Hall, commenced building 
a day school at Paradise, but the works were delayed in 
their progress, and the building was not completed till 
about the year 1817. Mr. Walker and his Wesleyan friends 
applied to Mr. Field for and obtained his consent to 
use the building for a Sunday school and an occasional 
preaching-room. 

Here for nearly twenty years Mr. Walker carried on 
his educational labours at an exceedingly small cost, but 
with extraordinary success. He seldom resorted to collec- 
tions, but exercised the greatest vigilance over his charge, 
and repaired with his own hands the bindings of all the 
books used in the school. He was a skilful, diligent, and 
vigorous teacher, and gained the confidence of his pupils 
by his evident regard for their welfare. Regardless of 
weather, Mr. Walker was regular and punctual in his 
attendance at school every Sunday morning, imparting, 
with a smiling countenance as much knowledge as his 
pupils were capable of imbibing. One of his oft-quoted 
maxims to them was the scriptural injunction to "do 
unto others as they would that others should do to 
them." 
Q 



242 History of Heaton. 

About the year 1840, the old school was claimed by 
and handed over to the Church party, and after giving up 
possession the Wesleyans resumed their services in a 
cottage until the Wesleyan Chapel was built in 1846. The 
subsequent history of this place of worship has not been 
encouraging. At the time of its erection, Heaton was 
included in the Bradford West Circuit, but latterly it has 
formed part of the Manningham Circuit. Some time ago 
the chapel was found to be unsafe, probably from quarrying 
operations close by, and was condemned for occupation. 
At the present time, therefore, there is no Wesleyan chapel 
at Heaton. 

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AT HEATON. 

Elementary education in Heaton was given in the Old 
School in Paradise Row. As already stated, the building 
was completed about the year 1814, at the cost of Mr. 
Field, but we have no information when it began to be 
used as a day school. In the first half of the century 
Robert Clough was the schoolmaster, and so continued for 
some years, when, after a brief interval, he was succeeded 
by Joseph Lee, a well-known native of Heaton, who, from 
about 1858 to 1871, taught the young idea of Heaton, 
until his work was superseded by the erection of the 
National Schools. 

The National Schools at Heaton were erected in 1871, 
upon a site close to the church, which was presented by 
the Countess of Rosse, thus superseding the educational 
work which had previously been carried on in the Old 
School. Exclusive of the site, the school buildings cost 
.1677, towards which amount Mr. Benjamin Wood was 
again a generous contributor of the sum of 250, and year 
by year he was in the habit of wiping off any deficiency 
which had accrued in the working of the schools. 

The Heaton Mechanics' Institute was established in 
1863, and was held for some years in the Old School. It 
had only a struggling existence for many years, and was 
mainly kept alive by the active interest of Mr. Joseph 



History of Heaton. 248 

Lee, schoolmaster, and his son, Mr. John Lee, the present 
secretary of Lister & Co., Limited, Manningham Mills, 
who was both secretary and treasurer. On the Old School 
being given up, the Mechanics' Institute was removed to 
the new Baptist School at Heaton, and there continued 
until its dissolution. In 1879 there was a debt of some 
30 on its books, and an Art Treasures Exhibition was 
got up in order to clear off this incubus. This exhibition 
was so far successful that not only was the small debt 
wiped away, but, by urgent request, it was kept open for 
ten days, resulting in a balance to the good of about 
100. This addition to the resources of the Institute was 
ample to keep it going for some years, but it became 
obvious that with the important facilities offered in the 
larger educational institutions at Bradford and Shipley the 
Heaton Mechanics' could not compete, and in 1882 it was 
decided to give it up. 

The Heaton Adult School was opened in November, 
1889. This organisation is styled the M Division of the 
Bradford Friends' Adult School, it being a branch of the 
Central Adult School at Bradford. In one sense the 
institution occupies a somewhat exceptional position, it 
being possessed of a building erected especially for the 
purpose. This its promoters were enabled to do through 
the liberality of residents of Heaton and other friends of 
the Adult School system. The total cost of the erection 
was about 1000. 

SANDY LANE CHAPELS. 

The Baptist Chapel at Sandy Lane Bottom was erected 
in 1824, upon land just within the township boundary of 
Heaton. At the above period there were only a few houses 
in its immediate vicinity. The chapel cost about 700, 
exclusive of the land for the site, which was given by Mr. 
John Mortimer, and the sum of 5 was the largest amount 
received towards the building fund, and 70 on the opening 
day. The debt of 630 was finally removed in 1863, and 
a school-room erected at a cost of 700, besides the pur- 



244 History of Heaton. 

chase of a minister's house and considerable improvements 
carried out in the chapel. Two of the first ministers, the 
Rev. J. Ingham and the Rev. John Taylor, held the 
pastorate for fourteen and thirteen years respectively. In 
1883 a new chapel was erected in the rear of the site on 
which the old chapel stood, at a cost of about ^1700. 

Sandy Lane Wesleyan Chapel was erected in 1886, 
and was opened in November of the same year. A 
society was commenced here in January, 1879, by the 
preaching of a sermon and the forming of a class by the 
late Rev. W. O. Simpson, when he was in the Great 
Horton Circuit, to which Sandy Lane Bottom belonged. 
In 1880 it was transferred from Great Horton Circuit to 
Manningham Circuit, the services being held once a fort- 
night up to this time in a cottage. In 1883 a cottage 
was hired for three years, and a Sunday school commenced, 
with a superintendent, six teachers, and twenty -eight 
scholars. Before the three years had expired better and 
more commodious premises were urgently needed. At this 
time the Rev. J. Nettleton was the superintendent of the 
circuit, and it was through his influence and exertions 
that money enough was raised to buy land and build 
the chapel, which was freed from debt at the opening 
services. 




History of Heaton. 245 



CHAPTER VIII. 
COLLEGIATE INSTITUTION, HEATON. 

Origin of the United College Heckmondwike Academy Rotherham College 
Airedale College, Undercliffe (illustrated} Mrs. Bacon Rev. William Vint 
Rev. Walter Scott Rev. Daniel Fraser, D.D. United College, Heaton 
(illustrated) Dr. Fairbairn Closing of Rotherham College Rev. Dr. 
Falding Dr. Simon. 

THE UNITED COLLEGE. 

On the north-east side of Lister Park and separated 
from it by Emm Lane, stands an imposing building. It is 
the seat of an educational institution which had a very 
small beginning, but which has now attained to considerable 
dimensions, and has efficiently served the community to 
which it belongs. This building, now called the United 
College, was formerly known as Airedale College, whose 
origin and progress must be briefly sketched. 

The Congregational Nonconformists about the middle 
of the last century set up an institution for the training 
and education of their ministers at Heckmondwike, and the 
Rev. James Scott was put in charge of it, with the whole 
work of tuition in his hands. On the death of Mr. Scott 
in 1782, the institution was removed to Northowram, and 
placed under the direction of the Rev. Samuel Walker, who 
had been a pupil of Mr. Scott. Mr. Walker held the 
office of tutor till 1794, when it was considered advisable 
to discontinue the institution. The students who were in 
the institution at the time of its dissolution were placed 
under the care of the Rev. William Vint, of Idle, who now 
entered upon a profession that was destined to occupy him 
for the rest of his active life. A little time after this, a 
new institution (having a similar object) was founded at 
Rotherham. 



246 History of Heaton. 

The Congregationalists, however, in this part of the 
West-Riding believed it to be essential to their well-being 
and growth, that provision should be made in their own 
midst for the education of their ministers, and Mr. Edward 
Hanson, of London, a Yorkshireman, who had generously 
supported the old seminary, came forward at the beginning 
of this century with liberal proposals for the establishing 
of a new one in this neighbourhood. Mr. Vint had begun 
his work with the remains of the former institution ; Mr. 
Hanson determined to strengthen the hands of Mr. Vint, 
and to give a public and permanent character to the work 
in which he was occupied. He accordingly undertook, at 
first, the maintenance of two of the students then under 
Mr. Vint's care, and subsequently of four of them. Mr. 
Hanson, who died in 1803, made provision in his will for 
the permanent support of four students in the institution 
at that time under the direction of Mr. Vint, at Idle. Mr. 
Vint's labours and Mr. Hanson's benevolence were thus 
the origin of Airedale College. 

A constituency of the Congregational churches gradually 
grew around this rudimentary academy, and by their annual 
support, the numbers of the students continually increased, 
so that towards the close of Mr. Vint's connection with 
the Idle Academy he had charge of eighteen men preparing 
for the ministry. About the year 1830 the institution 
received a large accession of support when Mrs. Bacon, of 
Spring House, Bradford, gave certain properties in Under- 
cliffe and Fagley, the former as a site on which a suitable 
building should be erected, and the rents of the latter to 
form an endowment for the support of the college. The 
building was completed and opened in 1831, and was 
known in the neighbourhood for upwards of forty years as 
Airedale College. 

The institution now emerged from comparative seclu- 
sion in Idle to the greater prominence of Undercliffe. Mr. 
Vint, however, did not remove with his cherished institution 
to its new home ; his advancing years and his enfeebled 
health induced him, at this period, to retire from the 
position he had so long and usefully occupied. He 



History of Heaton. 



247 



survived the change a few years, and died in 1834. Mr. 
Vint was a man of large and varied attainments, of great 
industry and patience, and single - handed he carried his 
pupils into all the departments of classical and theological 
knowledge. As was said by Dr. Hamilton in his funeral 
sermon : " Theology, ethics, the languages, the mathematics, 
even the modern sciences, were crowded into his one 
department. Could he do it all ? He could approach the 
power better than almost any other man, yet it was only 
an approach, for he was but man." Under such a tutor 
upwards of a hundred ministers were trained for their work, 
some of whom had great influence in their connexion, and 
were distinguished as preachers in their day. 




Old Airedale College. 

Mr. Vint's successor, and the first Principal of Airedale 
College, was the Rev. Walter Scott, of Rowell, who had been 
previously engaged in directing the studies of candidates 
for the ministry. Mr. Scott held his office for twenty-two 
years ; but in his time the work of tuition began to be 
distributed, and his first colleague was the Rev. T. R. 
Taylor, who undertook the classical department. Mr. Taylor 
was removed by death in 1835 ; he is remembered for his 
hymns, some of which are still sung in the churches both in 
this country and America. The Rev. W. B. Clulow followed 
Mr. Taylor, and held his office for eight years ; Mr., now 
Dr., Fraser followed Mr. Clulow. During Mr. Scott's 



248 History of Heaton. 

principalship, Mrs. Bacon's generosity to the College was 
again displayed in her making permanent provision for 
the support of a third tutor, an office which was held for 
several years by the late Rev. H. B. Creake, M.A. For 
twenty-two years Mr. Scott was in charge, and during that 
time about eighty ministers and missionaries, several of 
whom are still living, were trained by him for their work. 
He resigned his post in 1856 in consequence of severe 
indisposition. The Committee " gratefully acknowledged 
his moral worth, his ready benevolence, his distinguished 
piety, his varied erudition, his untiring zeal, and his 
uncompromising fidelity in discharging the duties of his 
office, and the many eminent services which he rendered, 
directly and indirectly, in the promotion and vindication 
of evangelical truth." During the time of Mr. Scott's 
connection with the College, he, with the co-operation of 
several generous friends, was mainly instrumental in the 
building of College Chapel, Barkerend, of which he became 
the first pastor, and so continued for several years. Mr. 
Scott died in 1858, and left a memory long revered by the 
supporters of the College and affectionately cherished by 
his old students. Mr. Scott's name has been honourably 
perpetuated in the commercial circles of Bradford, while 
one of his sons, Dr. Caleb Scott, is the Principal of the 
Lancashire Independent College, Manchester. 

The next Principal and Theological Tutor was the Rev. 
Dr. Daniel Fraser. He had been classical tutor in succession 
to Mr. Clulow, and, upon the resignation of Mr. Scott, was 
chosen as his successor in the chair of theology. Dr. 
Fraser remained in office for twenty years, when he retired. 
He is still living in Bradford, and has rendered excellent 
service on the School Board, the Mechanics' Institution, and 
other public bodies. In his more active days Dr. Fraser 
was always a welcome speaker on our public platforms ; his 
efforts on behalf of public education, and civil and religious 
freedom, are still remembered for their eloquence and power. 
In Dr. Fraser's time the several departments of study were 
directed by Professors Creake, Hartley, Shearer, and 
Harley. 




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250 History of Heaton. 

Towards the close of this period the present building 
at Heaton was erected, from designs furnished by Messrs. 
Mawson & Co., of Bradford, and its cost has somewhat 
exceeded ^30,000. The central parts of the building 
include class-rooms, a common room for the students, and 
the council room. The library is toward the western end, 
and is a handsomely furnished and finished chamber, with 
the books arranged in cases, with portraits of former 
tutors on the walls, and with stained windows, around which 
are inscribed mottoes from distinguished writers in literaturei 
science, and theology. In the same direction and forming 
the extreme western end of the building is the residence 
of the Principal of the College. At the eastern end is a 
large lofty hall, used for public assemblies and meetings of 
the constituents : it is furnished with stained glass windows, 
and has accommodation for about 300 persons. For some 
years a congregation assembled here on Sundays for worship, 
but when the chapel in Aireville Road was opened it 
removed thither, and there it now assembles. 

The College was opened in June, 1877, when the Rev. 
Dr. Fairbairn, now of Oxford, was introduced to the public 
gathering as the new Principal. Dr. Fairbairn held the 
office for seven years, when he was appointed Principal of 
Mansfield College, Oxford. On the retirement of Dr. 
Fairbairn an attempt, which on several occasions had been 
fruitlessly made, of uniting the Colleges of Airedale and 
Rotherham was resumed. Rotherham College was an insti- 
tution which was founded in 1795, with the same purpose 
and aim as that at Bradford. As both these colleges were 
in Yorkshire, as both were established for the same end, 
and as both were to a great extent supported by the same 
constituency, it was deemed wise to consolidate the efforts 
that were being made to supply the Congregationalists of 
the province with ministers. Under a scheme which was 
sanctioned by the Charity Commissioners, the union of the 
two colleges was finally effected in 1888. This necessitated 
the closing of one of the institutions, and it was at length 
decided that the work of the combined colleges should 
thenceforth be carried on in the Airedale College alone, 



History of Heat on. 251 

and that the name of the institution should be the " York- 
shire United Independent College," and its recognised 
designation the " United College." 

The Rev. Dr. Falding, who for upwards of thirty years 
had presided over the Rotherham institution, became the 
Principal of the United College, his colleagues being 
Professors Shearer and Duff, who were shortly after joined 
by Professor Armitage. Dr. Falding held the post for a 
few years, when his sudden death at Folkstone in December, 
1892, again rendered the office vacant. The Governors of the 
College, after due deliberation, then offered the appointment 
to the Rev. Dr. Simon, of the Congregational Theological 
Hall, Edinburgh. Dr. Simon, who had held similar appoint- 
ments at Edinburgh and Birmingham, entered upon his 
duties in September, 1893, with very encouraging prospects 
of useful and honourable service before him. The College 
is now under the direction of Dr. Simon, assisted by the 
gentlemen just named as departmental professors. There 
are somewhere near thirty students in training. 

As the College is wholly supported by voluntary 
contributions, there must have been some very liberal 
support given to it by the religious community to which 
it belongs. Not to mention the names of many generous 
supporters who are still living, we may refer, in addition 
to the earlier benefactions of Mr. Hanson and Mrs. 
Bacon, to the generous gifts or bequests of Mr. Henry 
Brown, Mr. Joseph Nutter, Sir Francis Crossley, and 
others ; and if we may refer to the chief supporters of the 
Rotherham branch, the names of Messrs. Walker, Broadley 
Wilson, George Bacon,' John Ansell, Yates, and Anderton 
must not be forgotten. 



252 History of Heat on. 



CHAPTER IX. 
LONGEVITY AT H EATON. 

Old Folks' Gathering at Heaton John Butterfield, the centenarian Timothy 
Stocks Henry Harris List of those Assembled The Clarke Family The 
Crabtree Family John Crabtree Greenwoods Broadleys Murgatroydi 
Cravens. 

The healthiness of Heaton has been previously referred 
to, and it is often matter of comment. It used to be said 
that the people of Heaton could " live as long as they 
liked," but that was evidently an exaggeration, and was 
probably invented at a time when Heaton was a long way 
off from smoky Bradford. Nevertheless the large proportion 
of aged people belonging to Heaton in times past would 
seem to justify the statement that its bracing air is con- 
ducive to longevity. 

In May, 1868, an interesting gathering of old people 
took place at Heaton, which will not soon be forgotten. 
It was got up at the instigation of Mr. Henry Harris, the 
banker, who then resided at Heaton Hall. This gentleman 
offered to defray the entire cost of the gathering and enter- 
tainment, but he was joined by others, among them being 
the late Benjamin Wood, Robert Kelt, John Crabtree, and 
Nathan Firth. Joseph Lee, the Heaton schoolmaster, and 
Isaac Broadley, of Heaton Syke, had the task assigned 
them of visiting the old people, and making arrangements 
for their attendance at the Church school, where the gathering 
took place. It was indeed a remarkable assembly. On 
this memorable occasion fifty-three persons, male and female, 
gathered, and were duly feasted, the average age of the 
whole assembly being seventy-eight years. Among those 
so gathered were three persons from one house, named 



History of Heaton. 253 

Stead, whose united ages came to 238 years, one of them 
being a lad, aged seventy-six. Two of the offspring of 
Betty Clarke were present. 

The old people were conveyed to the place of meeting 
in vehicles of all sorts. One of the most remarkable of the 
invited guests was John Butterfield, of Saltaire, who was in 
the one hundred and fourth year of his age, and there was 
not apparently a happier man there ; all he wanted to his 
complete enjoyment was, as he put it, " a pair of new legs." 
Old William Stead, of Garter Row, was very feeble, he 
being in his ninety-fourth year. The chairman of the 
assembly, Mr. Timothy Stocks, steward of the Rosse 
estate, was himself turned eighty ; Mr. Henry Harris, the 
generous promoter of the feast, being but one year his 
junior. Before leaving each of the old people was presented 
with a package of tea, with tobacco for the smokers. 

The following facts collected on the occasion may be 
useful for future reference, as it is scarcely probable that 
such a gathering will ever again be got together in Heaton. 
Annexed is a list of all the old people, male and female, 
living in Heaton township, present on the occasion of the 
above gathering, viz. : 

7oth year. William Marker, of Small Tail, born at Allerton ; 
Thomas Watmuff, of Small Tail, born at Cottingley Moor Top father 
died at 70 ; Abraham Firth, of Heaton. 

7ist. Sarah Hill, North Hall ; Tabitha Frankland, Heaton, wife 
of John Frankland, named below : James Gibbon, Heaton. 

72nd. Samuel Stead, Garter Row, born at Haworth Lane Bottom ; 
Susannah Stead, Garter Row, born at Daisy Hill ; Peggy Wormald, 
Paddock ; Nancy Greenwood, Paradise Row. 

73rd. Thomas Hardy, Westhouse Farm, born at Allerton father 
lived to 77, mother 73, grandfather 80 ; Robert Rawnsley, Lane 
Bottom ; Grace Riddiall, Garter Row, born at Southowram father lived 
to 82 ; James Craven, Haworth Lane Bottom ; Mary Craven, wife of 
the above, both born at Heaton ; Maria Marvel, wife of Watson Marvel, 
of Heaton Syke ; John Dean, Frizinghall ; Sarah Jackson, Heaton 
Shay ; Mary Lambert, Heaton. 

74th. William Gott, Heaton ; Joseph Clarke, Heaton. 

75th. John Rush ton, Lane Bottom, born at Marsden, Lancashire 
father lived to 77 ; Hannah Firth, Lane Bottom, born at Wilsden 
father lived to 80 ; Ann Dennison, Heaton Royds. 



254 History of Heaton. 

76th. Margaret Parkman, Heaton, widow of the late Commander 
Parkman ; Jane Rushton, Lane Bottom, born at Colne father lived 
to 84 ; Mary Wood, Lane Bottom, born at Cottingley Moor Top 
father lived to 70 ; John Greenwood, Paradise. 

77th. William Pratt, Frizinghall, husband of Mrs. Pratt, named 
below ; Rebecca Illingworth, Heaton. 

78th. James Clarke, Lower Moor, born at Heaton ; Watson 
Marvel, Heaton Syke ; John Frankland, born at Heaton ; Mary 
Waddington, Heaton. 

79th. Henry Harris, Esq., Heaton Hall, had lived there twenty- 
six years ; Hannah Allen, Paradise. 

Soth. George Webster, Bay of Biscay, born at Clayton father 
lived at Landhouse to 84. 

8ist. Timothy Stocks, Heaton, steward of the Earl of Rosse ; 
Mrs. Pratt, Frizinghall, wife of William Pratt. 

82nd. Hannah Mortimer, Plantation Farm, born at North 
Wilsden father lived to 70 ; Joseph Dean, Heaton Syke ; John 
Ainsworth, Dumb Mill ; John Bailey, Heaton, born at Heaton. 

83rd. John Barker, Eden ; Ann Hill, Ash well House. 

Sjlh. Mary Rhodes, Chellow, born at Cullingworth, whose two 
grandmothers died, one at 78 and the other at 82 ; Sarah Armitage, 
Heaton Syke ; John Downs, Heaton Syke ; Sarah Haigh, Heaton j 
Matthew Bailey, Heaton. 

87th. Joseph Broadley, Heaton Syke, born at Heaton father 
died at 92. 

94th. William Stead, Garter Row, born at Shipley. 

The average age of the whole fifty-three persons 
present was nearly seventy-eight years. 

Among the most remarkable examples of the tenacity 
of Heatonians, not the least notable is that of the Clarke 
family. Solomon and Elizabeth Clarke at one time kept 
the Mason's Arms, at Heaton, as previously stated, and 
they had a family of eight children. Elizabeth, or " Betty " 
Clarke, as she was best known, who died in 1842, was an 
octogenarian, and six of her children, on the average, also 
reached the octogenarian period. Betty Clarke was one 
of the daughters of William Crabtree, of Low Moor Farm, 
near to Heaton Syke. John, the eldest son, who died in 
his eightieth year, was the pioneer quarry-master at Heaton, 
and was in active business during the first thirty years of 
the century. He opened several quarries between Daisy 
Hill and Towler Lane ; James occupied Low Moor Farm, 



History of Heaton. 255 

near Heaton Syke, from 1821 until his death in 1872. 
William Clarke was a butcher at Heaton, and Joseph, a 
stonemason, built the original Turf Tavern on the opening 
up of the new Bingley Turnpike in 1825. Timothy Clarke 
finished his career at Leeds in 1867. Another daughter, 
Martha, became the mother of the ex-Mayor of 
Bradford, Alderman Jonas Whitley. She died at Allerton 
in 1876, and in the seventy-seventh year of her age. 
Sarah married John Crowther, of Bradford, formerly 
gardener at Heaton Hall, and died in 1880, and in the 
eighty-sixth year of her age. Mary Craven, relict of 
Thomas Craven, of Baildon, another of Betty Clarke's 
children, died in 1884, at the advanced age of ninety- 
seven years and six months. John Clarke, who lives at 
the old homestead adjoining Heaton Hall, is the son of 
William, the butcher, and is in his seventy-ninth year. 
He has always lived at Heaton, and in the olden time 
was one of the noted " Heaton pey " growers. 

The Crabtree family are of long standing in Heaton, 
and were for generations prominent in town's affairs. The 
late Mr. John Crabtree, wool merchant, was a gentleman 
well known and highly esteemed both in social and mer- 
cantile circles, for his active exertions in promoting the best 
interests of the district. He was chairman of the Heaton 
Local Board, and the first member for the Heaton Ward 
in the Bradford Town Council. He also took a deep 
interest in politics and religious matters, being an active 
member of the Liberal party and connected with the 
Baptists in religion. 

The Broadleys were a numerous family, their favourite 
name being Isaac. Thus there were " Sally Isaac," " Sammy 
Isaac," &c. Old Isaac Broadley, who died in 1848, was 
ninety-two years of age, and Joseph Broadley died in 1870, 
aged eighty-eight years. The Firths were a strong, hardy 
family, generally living to a long age. Michael, of the Royds, 
lived to eighty-eight ; his grandsons, Abraham and Nathan, 
each verged on octogenarianism. The Murgatroyds were 
a well-known family, and were engaged in making gearing 
for hand looms. The Cravens, although not now numerous, 



256 



History of Heaton. 



were long associated with Heaton, and were strong, burly 
men. Old James Craven, of North Hall, was, before power- 
looms were introduced, a considerable employer of hand- 
loom weavers. He also ran a spinning mill at Otley. His 
endeavours were, however, not supported by his sons, and 
the business fell to naught. 

The number of persons of the same name at Heaton 
was some time ago a remarkable feature of the place. Of 
the Greenwoods, for instance, there were five distinct 
families, of which the relationship was lost. The Green- 
woods were mostly hand-loom weavers, and to distinguish 
the several members of this somewhat complex family 
they were respectively known as "Joseph at Lillams, 1 ' 
" Jim at t' Steps," and " Jonas at Whitleys," while another 
member would be inquired for as " Dan lad." 



HISTORY OF FRIZINGHALL. 



HISTORY OF FRIZINGHALL 



The Name of Frizinghall Growth of Frizingliall Lister Family of Frizinghall 
The Craven Family Frizinghall Mill The Hargreaves Family Black Swan 
Inn Quaker Wilson Religious Organisations at Frizinghall. 

ORIGIN AND NAME. 

Frizinghall, the largest of the outlying hamlets of the 
township of Heaton, is also one of the oldest suburbs 
of Bradford. It is mentioned as belonging to one Robert 
de Everingham, lord of the manor of Heaton, so far back 
as 1287. It has been well established that the inhabitants 
of Bradford were at that early period employed in the 
manufacture of woollen cloth, and one of the oldest articles 
in the woollen trade is " frieze." " Ffris " is the Celtic word 
for the "nap" of cloth : the "knop," little head or tuft of 
curling wool. A " friseur " is one who dresses the human 
hair. Frieze coats are rough garments of wool slightly 
milled, and still more slightly pressed or " finished." When 
Charles Brandon, a private gentleman, married Henry VIII.'s 
sister, Queen Dowager of France, the trappings of his horse 
were half cloth of gold and half frieze, with the following 
motto : 

Cloth of gold, do not despise, 

Though thou are matched with cloth of frize : 

Cloth of frize, be not too bold, 

Though thou art match'd with cloth of gold. 

In the wardrobe account of Prince Henry, eldest son of 
James I., dated 28th September, 1607, is included "a jerkin 
of black Frtzade, lined with shag : also a hunting-coat of 
green Chamblett " (i.e. camlet). There is strong probability, 



262 History of Frizinghall. 

therefore, that the village took its name from the coarse cloth 
called " frieze." Frizinghall was the hall in the ing where the 
manufacture was carried on. Within present recollection 
cloth has been made at Frizinghall by Robert Hargreaves 
and James Driver. There is a tenter croft still called by 
that name. 

GROWTH OF FRIZINGHALL. 

A remarkable illustration of the rapidity with which 
the town of Bradford is extending is furnished by the 
constant extension of building operations in the neighbour- 
hood of Frizinghall forming, at no very distant date, the 
connecting link in a continuous range of buildings from 
Bradford to Shipley, with but very slight exceptions. 
The hamlet, as part of the township of Heaton, indeed 
became a portion of the borough in 1882, although this 
annexation does not include the whole of what is 
known as Frizinghall, the whole of Shipley Fields Road 
and nearly the whole of Beamsley Road .being in Shipley 
township, and under the supervision of the Shipley District 
Council. Without doubt, the bringing into the market 
of the Shipley Fields estate, belonging to the late Mr. 
T. T. Lister, as building land, was the initial step to 
the building operations which have since followed, and the 
Marriner and Wood families have since followed suit. The 
opening of the Frizinghall Station on the Midland system' 
in February, 1875, also materially furthered the develop- 
ment of the place. As evidence of the solid growth of 
Frizinghall, it may be mentioned that the number of 
passholders travelling on the Midland Railway between 
that place and Bradford has increased by from 200 to 
300 within the past year or two. 

The old portion of the village still retains a rural 
appearance, being graced with clumps of large and hand- 
some trees. It is intersected by the old Bradford and Otley 
Road, at one time of greater importance than now. Con- 
siderable alteration has, however, been made in the direction 
of this road within the past seventy years. Formerly it left 



History of Frizinghall. 263 

Low Lane, now Manningham Lane, a little past the Spotted 
House Inn, and crossed the upper portion of the Clockhouse 
grounds. The continuation of Manningham Lane to Shipley 
was then unmade, and Manningham Park was a series of 
fields divided by thorn hedging. Isolated specimens of 
the hawthorn, some of them being of large size, now remain. 
Building operations are going on somewhat briskly at 
the present time in Frizinghall. Some time ago Mr. John 
Ambler, of Heaton Mount, commissioned Messrs. H. & E. 
Marten, architects, of Bradford, to lay out in villa sites an 
estate of six acres, situated on the lower side of the Bradford 
and Keighley highway, opposite to Heaton Mount. Messrs. 
Marten accordingly laid out the estate in such a way as to 
provide sites for about thirty detached villa residences, each 
of them possessing the merit of having windows looking in 
every direction, thus receiving the maximum of sunshine. 
There are no back yards, no back roads, and no walls on 
the estate ; each villa standing pleasantly in its own plot of 
ground. A broad carriage drive runs through the estate, 
taking the shape of a horse-shoe, each end of which is 
approached from the Keighley Road. Mr. W. L. Marriner, 
of Keighley, also instructed the same architects to lay out 
in harmony with Park Grove an adjoining estate of about 
the same size. The principal builders of other residential 
property at Frizinghall have been Messrs. Mellor, Davies 
and Jones, who have erected many houses in Granville, Lyn- 
thorne, and Northdale Roads ; and Mr. J. Bairstow has also 
been responsible for the building of a considerable number of 
houses in this locality. On the upper side of the Bradford 
and Shipley Road, Mr. George Allan and others have erected 
a number of villa residences of unique design, prepared by 
Mr. James Ledingham, architect. Adjoining these villa 
residences are the extensive nurseries of Mr. Thomas 
Horsman, of Bradford and Ilkley. Added to the above, 
may be mentioned the erection of a large Board School, 
Congregational Church, and the new Church at Frizinghall. 
The new property is situated principally within the borough 
boundary, but several villa residences of goodly proportions 
have been built within the Shipley boundary. 



264 History of Frizinghalt, 



LISTER FAMILY, OF FRIZINGHALL. 

The old Frizing-hall, standing on a little knoll and 
surrounded by some grand old trees, belongs to the 
Marriner family, of Keighley. One Captain James Lister 
formerly owned and lived at this old hall. His daughter 
Clarissa married David Spencer, of Keighley, and a daughter 
of theirs married Benjamin Marriner, of the same place, 
whose family has thus inherited a considerable estate at 
Heaton and Frizinghall. 

The history of the Listers, of Frizinghall, would be 
the more interesting if it could be traced beyond the early 
portion of the eighteenth century, in which case it would 
probably be found to have sprung from the Manningham 
stock. This, however, has not yet been satisfactorily done, 
and for the light now thrown upon the subject we are 
indebted to the Rev. James Barmby, vicar of Northallerton, 
a descendant of the family. As no similar sketch of the 
family history has hitherto been published, this will be a 
contribution to existing knowledge. 

The earliest of the Frizinghall Listers of which anything 
has been discovered was James Lister, described as of 
" Fraisehall," whose will was proved at York in 1720. 
He left to Thomas, one of the sons of his nephew, William 
Lister, of Gilden Wells, Laughton, all his property in 
Heaton, Clayton, Manningham, Bolton, and elsewhere, and 
next to James, another of the sons of the above-named 
William Lister. It would appear that Thomas Lister, who 
inherited the Frizinghall estate under the will of his great- 
uncle, James Lister, left it to his father, William Lister, who 
survived him by some years. The latter, described as of 
Gilden Wells, came to reside at Frizinghall after his son's 
death. 

The name of another William Lister, of Frizinghall, 
appears in his will, which was dated March, 1741, and 
proved in 1742, but his relationship to the previous 
possessors of the estates has not been ascertained. It 
is from him, however, that the family estates passed to 



History of Frizinghall. 265 

the present holders. He died in 1742, leaving his estates 
in Frizinghall and Bolton in trust to his wife Deborah, to 
be mortgaged for the payment of his debts. His eldest 
son, Captain James Lister, married for his first wife 
Sydney, a daughter of Sir John Dalrymple of Cousland, 
Bart., and secondly, Rebecca, daughter of the Rev. Richard 
Fox. 

From the first marriage sprang Sidney, eldest daughter, 
who married a Mr. Clayton ; Katherine Jane, married to 
Henry Barmby ; and Christiana, married to Thomas Dixon. 
Henry Barmby's son, the Rev. James Barmby, married 
Beatrix Pollard, of Scarr Hill, and their son, the Rev. 
James Barmby, is now vicar of Northallerton, and of 
considerable repute as a writer on ecclesiastical history. 
Of the second marriage of Captain James Lister, with 
Rebecca Fox, the only son, Richard Fox Lister, died 
without issue in 1811. A daughter, Clarissa, married 
David Spencer, of Keighley, whose daughter, Rebecca 
Marian, was married to Benjamin Flesher Marriner, also 
of Keighley. Their son is the present Mr. William Lister 
Marriner, of Greengate House, Keighley, to whom the 
Frizinghall property descended through his mother and 
grandmother. Captain James Lister died in 1780, in the 
sixty-third year of his age, and was interred at Bradford 
Parish Church. Having died intestate, the estates passed 
to his son Richard Fox Lister, and he dying intestate in 
1811 they passed to his uterine sister, Clarissa (according 
to the law of inheritance at that period), who married 
David Spencer. 

THE CRAVEN FAMILY. 

Another family indigenous to the hamlet of Frizinghall 
was that of Craven. From the pedigree of the Lister 
family of Manningham, it appears that Thomas Lister, 
buried at Bradford in 1598, married Isabella, daughter of 
George Craven, of Frizinghall. The second son of this 
marriage was William Lister, captain under General Fairfax, 
to whose death at Tadcaster reference is made on page 



266 History of Frizinghall. 

134. We have also met with a document, dated 1628, 
giving some information as to this family, as well as other 
evidences, showing the members of it to have been more 
or less men of substance. The following is an extract 
from the 1628 deed, viz.: 

This Indenture made The Last Day of Aprill in the Fourth 
Yeare of the Raigne of our Sovreign Lord Charles Between John 
Batte of Okewell in the County of Yorke Gent, of the one pty and 
George Craven one of the yonger Sonnes of Robert Craven of 
Frisinghall in the said County Yeom. of th'other pty Witnesseth 
that the said John Batte for and in Consideration that the said 
Robert Craven & George Craven shall convey and assure unto the 
said John Batt & his Heirs for ever ; One Annuitie or yearly Rent 
Charge of Six Pounds six Shillings and eight Pence of lawfull Money 
of England to be yssuinge forth of all that Water Come mylne Kilne 
Close called Mylne holme and Mylne hill with all their apprtinces. 
in Frisinghall aforesaid and also forth of all those sevall. Closes of 
Wood Meadow and Pasture called by the Names of the Moiling 
Close and Rolling Close Jnge als. Inge Close als. Netherfall Syke 
Ing in Bolton near Bradford in the said County of Yorke he the said 
John Batt Hath Demised Granted and Leased unto the said George 
Craven All the aforesaid Water Corne Milne, Kilne and Close called 
the Milne holme with theire apprtinces. situate lyinge and beinge in 
Frisinghall aforesaid and within the Townshippe of Heaton in the 
said County of York now or late in tenure or Occupation of one 
John Hudson and all pfits. Comodities Emolumts. and Hereditaments 
whatsoever to the said Milne Kilne & Close or any of them in any wise 
belonginge To have and to hould the said Water Corn Mylne Kilne 
Close of Land &c duringe the full Term of One Thousand Years 
Yieldinge and payinge therefore yearly & every Yeare During the said 
Term unto the said John Batt his Heirs or Assigns one redd rose in 
the Tyme of Roses (if the same be demainded). 

In Witness whereof the p'ties abovenamed have sett their hands 

and Seals. 

JOHN BATTE. 

In a friendly action, commenced in 1661, to bar entail, 
an indenture of agreement was entered into between Robert 
Craven, of Freezing-hall, yeoman ; Richard Bowlton, of 
Priestthorpe ; and Mary Currer, of Gawthorpe, concerning 
a messuage and seven closes of land at Freezing-hall, called 
Grandamtofts, Broad Ing, &c. In 1725 articles of agree- 
ment were entered into between Josias Craven, of Frizinghall, 



History of Frizinghall. 267 

the owner, and Samuel Crossley, the tenant, touching a 
mill at Frizinghall to be converted into a wood mill. In 
1738 the will of Josias Craven was proved, in which occurs 
the passage : " To Josias, my son, all my messuage, orchard, 
and lands at Frizinghall, in my occupation ; also one mill 
for grinding wood, situate at Frizinghall, and now in the 
tenure of Samuel Crosley." 



FRIZINGHALL MILL. 

Frizinghall Mill has undoubtedly an ancient origin. 
Originally it was used for cloth and corn, as shown in the 
above document, Robert Hargreaves occupying it until the 
disastrous fire in 1818, when it was almost completely 
destroyed. At that period the property belonged to Mr. 
John Wilmer Field, lord of the manor of Ileaton. It was 
no great loss as a building, and so little did the landlord 
care about the fire that he offered at once to erect a much 
better structure for his tenants. This he did, and it now 
forms the older portion of the present Frizinghall Mill. In 
1819 the mill was re-erected and taken by William and 
Joseph Hargreaves, sons of old James Hargreaves, of the 
Old Castle at Frizinghall, who engaged as manager James 
Ambler, a worsted spinner at Harden Beck. While so 
employed, James Ambler lived at White House, a home- 
stead still standing by the side of the canal at Frizinghall. 
The corn mill was occupied by John and Jonas Fox. 
The property afterwards came into the possession of Mr. 
John Exley, worsted spinner. 

When Mr. Exley purchased the property in 1868 the 
mill had a water-wheel, supplied from a large dam 
adjoining, but the use of water power was abandoned in 
favour of steam. In 1893 the mill and dam were leased 
to Messrs. Scott & Rhodes for five years from May ist, 
1893. In 1886 the Corporation obtained powers to acquire 
the property for street improvements, but those powers 
were allowed to lapse. In 1895 the Corporation went 
to Parliament again, when they obtained a Provisional 
Order proposing to acquire the property for the extension 



268 History of Frizinghall. 

of the sewage defcecation existing in close proximity at 
Frizinghall. 

Dumb Mill was also originally a corn mill, it having 
been occupied as such above a hundred years ago. In 1762 
Benjamin Spencer was the miller, and he was succeeded by 
Joseph Spencer and John Fox. Joseph Wood, who lived 
at the old house at Shipley Fields and was a small cloth- 
maker, afterwards bought it, and built the worsted mill. 
He had for a partner Mary, sister of Mr. Joseph Hargreaves, 
but she afterwards carried on the worsted trade alone at 
Mill House and Burley. When Joseph Wood died, his 
three sons, Joseph, Benjamin, and James, carried on Dumb 
Mill, and under the title of "Benjamin Wood & Co." the 
premises grew to large dimensions. 

THE HARGREAVES FAMILY. 

The Hargreaves family, of Frizinghall, have been more 
prominent in commercial enterprise than any family already 
referred to. The business of the Hargreaves family was 
founded in a humble way by James Hargreaves, who lived 
at the Old Castle at Frizinghall about a hundred years 
ago. He died in 1816. His two sons, William and Joseph, 
were brought up to the business of hand-weaving and 
worsted-spinning, which they extended very considerably. 
They occupied not only the Old Castle, but Pricking Mill 
and Red Beck Mill. William went out of the business in 
1830, and removed to Burley Wood-head, where he died in 
1838. Joseph, who never married, carried on the business 
until 1834, and having established it on a firm footing he 
retired from active participation in the management. He 
had taken into partnership four nephews, of whom the late 
Mr. George Hargreaves, of Shipley Fields, was one. In 
1849, Airedale Mills, Shipley, were built, and at that time 
were considered gigantic in size. The business was carried 
on under the old name of "Joseph Hargreaves," by Mr. 
George Hargreaves, until about a year ago, when it was 
converted into a limited liability company. " Hargreaves' 
Square," Shipley, was built by Mr. Joseph and Mr. George 



History of Frizinghall. 269 

Hargreaves. The grounds of Shipley Fields have lately 
been laid out for building purposes, and upon a site 
fronting to Shipley Fields Road is being erected the new 
Frizinghall Church. 

THE BLACK SWAN. 

The Swan Inn at Frizinghall is of ancient standing, 
and was formerly kept by Mally Rhodes, who had also an 
extensive business as " middiff." The following bill of sale 
gives particulars of its former belongings, besides information 
of other Frizinghall properties : 

TO BE SOLD, 

To the BEST BIDDER, 

In the following LOTS, 

At the House of William Whatmough, the Sign of the Black-Swan, in 
Frizinghall, on Monday the Tenth day of September, 1770, at Two 
o'clock in the Afternoon, the following Freehold Messuages, Cottages, 
Lands, and Tenements, situate at and near Frizinghall, in the 
Parishes of Bradford and Calverley, pursuant to such Conditions 
as at the Time of Sale shall be produced. 

A MESSUAGE, a COTTAGE, and one 
Half Part of a Barn, and a very good Malt-Kiln, with a Garden, 
Orchard, and Appurtenances thereunto belonging ; and also two 
Closes of Land, called or known by the Names of The Far- Toft, 
and The Broad-Ing, containing together by Estimation Ten Days 
Work or thereabouts, now in the several Possessions of Joshua Tetley, and 
John Crabtree. 

LOT II. A MESSUAGE, and the other half Part of the 
Barn above-mentioned, with other Outbuildings ; and also all those Parcels of 
Land, called or known by the several Names of The Little-Croft and Orchard, 
and The Near-Croft, containing together by Estimation Three Days Work, or 
thereabouts, now in the Possession of James Tetley. 

LOT III. A MESSUAGE, being the Sign of the Black- 
Swan above-mentioned, and other Buildings thereto belonging, with a Croft ; 
and also two several Closes of Land, called or known by the several Names of 
The Smithy-Field, and The Ryals, containing together by Estimation, Ten Days 
Work, more or less, now in the several Possessions of the sz\&Joshua Tetley, and 
William Whatmough. 

LOT IV. A MESSUAGE, with a Garden, Orchard, and 
Appurtenances thereunto belonging ; and also all these several Closes of Land, 
called or known by The Farhigh-Gretns, and The Lowhigh-Greens, and The 
Paddock, containing by Estimation Fifteen Days Work, more or less, now in 
the several Possessions of the said James Tetley, and Isaac Metcalfe. 

LOT V. Three COTTAGES, with the Gardens and 
Appurtenances belonging to them, now in the several Possessions of Joseph 
Wilson, Thotnas Holder, and Joseph Maude, 

** William Whalmou^h, one of the Tenants, will shew the Premisses, to 
whom apply for further Particulars. 



270 History of Frizinghall. 



QUAKER WILSON. 

Another old homestead at Frizinghall, enclosed in its 
own grounds, was for some time the residence of a most 
exemplary Quaker family, named Wilson, originally of 
Esholt. The founder of this family was an American cloth 
merchant, whose commercial disasters, owing to the American 
war, so preyed upon his spirits, as to bring him down " with 
sorrow to the grave." It should be mentioned, however, 
that his children, who all acquired a considerable compe- 
tence by business, honourably discharged every farthing of 
their parent's debts. 

One of the members of this interesting family, named 
Willie or Quaker Wilson, enjoyed a reputation throughout 
the entire kingdom for his many eminent qualities as a 
philanthropist. He was born in 1767, and, having first been 
apprenticed to a grocer at York, commenced business as a 
grocer and draper in the shop afterwards occupied by Mr. 
M'Crobcn, Kirkgate, Bradford. He carried on a lucrative 
business for some years, and having embarked some of 
his capital in a wholesale stuff department, he was able to 
retire at fifty years of age with a fortune of many thousands 
of pounds. He afterwards lived at the top of Westgate, 
in the house once occupied by Mr. George Poole, then 
possessing a pretty garden before the door. Of Mr. 
Wilson it might truly be said that he 

Did good by stealth, and blushed to find it fame. 

For more than thirty years of his after life it became his 
exclusive business to discover and relieve cases of poverty 
and distress, not only in Bradford, but in the surrounding 
villages and in distant towns. It has been estimated that 
he distributed in this manner the sum of forty thousand 
pounds. Mr. Wilson was a great friend of temperance 
societies throughout the country, and held the offices of 
secretary, treasurer, and president of the Bradford Tem- 
perance Society, the first established in England. Of tracts 
he printed and distributed millions. It was expected that 



History of Frizinghall. 271 

he would dispose of nearly all his property, and in fact he 
only left a sum of 2700, which, as he was a bachelor, he 
divided among various charities. He died in November, 
1849, in the eighty-third year of his age, and his remains 
were interred in the Friends' burial-ground, Bradford. 



REIJGIO US ORGA NISA TIONS. 

The Wesleyans possess a handsome place of worship 
in Frizinghall, and, as a denomination, are of some 
standing in the village. About seventy years ago a few 
persons commenced preachings in the house of Mr. Henry 
Clough, and afterwards in a cottage which stood on Swan 
Hill. In course of time the old school was built, the chief 
promoter of which was Mr. James Ambler, to be superseded 
in due course by the present buildings. This little school- 
room served its purpose for nearly forty years, when, owing 
to the great increase of population in the neighbourhood, 
the present Wesleyan Chapel was determined upon. It is 
of Gothic design, and was erected at a cost, including 350 
for the land, of upwards of 3000, towards which ,2000 
had been received prior to the opening. Of this amount 
the late Mr. George Hargreaves, of Shipley Fields, con- 
tributed .500. 



In order to meet the religious needs of the increasing 
population of West Bradford, the Congregationalists of the 
town determined some years ago to raise the sum of 6000, 
to be equally apportioned towards the erection of suitable 
places of worship at Brownroyd, Girlington, and Frizinghall. 
At the last-named place a Sunday school was opened in 
June, 1 88 1, in a wooden building in Aireville Road. At 
that time the congregation worshipped in Airedale College 
Hall. Evening services were commenced afterwards at 
Frizinghall, and these were carried on with such success 
that when Salem Chapel was built, and the College Hall 
congregation was dispersed, it was resolved to build a 
Congregational Chapel at Frizinghall. The foundation of 




FRIZINGHALL CONGREGATIONAL CHAPEL. 



History of Frizinghall. 273 

the present chapel was laid in May, 1890; and the building 
was opened for worship on the loth of March, 1891. The 
new edifice is an elegant and substantial structure in the 
decorated Gothic style of architecture, from designs by Mr. 
Herbert Isitt The building is planned on the principle of 
a nave with two shallow transepts and a chancel, and with 
a lofty spire in front. Including the purchase of the land, 
the total cost was 3 120. 



A Church school and mission -room was opened at 
Frizinghall, in 1873, at the cost, amounting to .1800, of 
the late Mr. Benjamin Wood. This building paved the way 
for the more pretentious church now in course of erection. 
Church work has since been carried on in the district 
by the clergy of St. B irnabas, Heaton, the curate-in-charge 
being the Rev. J. W. Hind. An eligible site for the proposed 
church was secured on the estate of the late Mr. George 
Hargreaves, and it is probable that the cost of the edifice 
will be about 4000. Towards this sum Mr. Frederick 
Illingworth, of Heather Bank, has been a contributor to a 
large amount. 




HISTORY OF ALLERTON. 



HISTORY OF ALLERTON. 



CHAPTER I. 
INTRODUCTORY. 



Origin of Name Approaches to the Village -Ancient Packhorse Road Thornton 
New Road Probable Roman Road Material Resources Description of the 
Village Building Operations Characteristics of Allertonians Population and 
Assessable Value. 



ORIGIN OF NAME. 

The name of Allerton is derived from that of the alder 
or " elder " tree, as it is sometimes called, which formerly 
flourished in England more extensively than it has done 
since the days of drainage and subsoil ploughing. Allerton, 
therefore, while deriving its name from a tree, bears testimony 
to the nature of the soil which orginally produced it. The 
term " ton " arises from the ancient custom of our Saxon 
forefathers casting around their dwellings a mound, and 
planting a strong hedge upon it, which they called a "tun," 
and which was considered a protection against marauders. 
The alder tree furnishes us with the names of Aldersley, 
Ellerbeck, Ellercroft, Ellerton, and Ellershaw, referring to 
dwellers by the meadow, the brook, the farm, and the 
wood. 

AN ANCIENT RELIC. 

The only evidence of the prehistoric period of existence 
of Allerton on record is confined to the fact that a workman, 
named Jacky Mason, employed by the late Mr. George 
Knowles, of Moorhead, Shipley, found a stone celt, while 



278 



History of Allerton. 



digging some foundations. It is of the usual type of the 
stone age period, of hard unpolished stone, about five inches 
in length. The celt was in Mr. Knowles's possession, and 




is probably the only one in existence found at Allerton. 
The annexed sketch is slightly reduced from the actual size. 



APPROACHES TO THE VILLAGE. 

Allerton is a pleasant village, just near enough to 
Bradford to be almost part of it, and just far enough 
away to be out of reach of the smoke-canopy, which is 
nowhere more apparent than from its elevated slopes. It 
is a thriving village, too, with thoroughly Bradfordian pro- 
clivities, and since the big town has encircled it within its 
embrace admitting its inhabitants in turn to all the 
privileges of municipal fellowship Bradford has been the 
gainer by the addition of a lusty race of Anglo-Saxons, 
bringing with them a fair share of that " quickness " for 
which the good old town has been so long celebrated. 

On foot or by tram its distance from the centre of 
Bradford is only three miles of pleasantly-diversified road, 
in the course of which the busy town in one of its thickest 
and murkiest parts merges into the suburban colony, and 
finally into the open country. Panting for a full breath of 
" unadulterate air," we gladly escape from beneath the 
shade of the tall chimneys of Thornton Road, 

Whose Stygian throats breathe darkness all day long, 



History of Allerton. 279 

and soon find the atmosphere to improve wonderfully. 
Passing up Snakehill Lane (what's in a name ?) we are 
sensible of a slight improvement, and come into full view 
of Lady Royd Hall and Daisy Bank, the pretty villas and 
ornamental grounds of the Illingworths, situated on the 
pleasant slopes to the right. At this point Bradford dale 
is spread out at its greatest breadth. On the opposite slope 
the Scholemoor Cemetery and the embankment of Horton 
Bank Reservoir are brought into view. The view westward 
is terminated by the bleak hillsides of Queensbury and 
Mountain. Leaving the Allerton Road, however, and 
passing close by the handsome residences to the right, we 
seek for awhile the umbrageous shade of the Chellow Dean 
valley, and enter the village of Allerton about the centre 
of the high street. The Bradford tramways deliver their 
passengers at the foot of this main street. 

The ancient packhorse road to Allerton from Bradford 
was by way of Fairweather Green, past Shuttleworth Hall, 
the Oaks, and Allerton Grange. Considerable portions of 
this ancient road still remain in their primitive simplicity, 
and of indifference to the presence of ruts almost deep 
enough to submerge any vehicle up to the " nave " of its 
wheels. A branch from this road went forward to Thornton 
by way of Leventhorpe Mill, and long after the establish- 
ment of Allerton Local Board, complaints of broken springs 
and similar damage were numerous. At one period the bad 
condition of this old thoroughfare almost led to the road 
being indicted. 

The year 1824 was a period remarkable for activity in 
the construction of public highways in the neighbourhood 
of Bradford, when the Bradford and Eccleshill, the Shipley 
and Bramley, and the Bradford and Thornton new roads 
were laid down. These large undertakings took several 
years in completion, and from a reference in the Bradford 
Courier, under date May, 1827, we learn that the new 
Thornton Road had then been nearly completed to School 
Green. Mention is made of a deep cutting opposite to 
Leventhorpe Mill, in the excavation of which was found 
a bank of sand differing in character from any sand met 



280 History of Allerton. 

with in the locality. A later school of geologists have 
declared this bank to be one of those alluvial deposits 
frequently met with in the valley of the Aire and in other 
places, resulting from a subsidence of vast flood waters in 
post-glacial times. When completed, there were three toll- 
bars on the new Thornton Road, one at the bottom of Brick 
Lane, another at Whetley Lane bottom, and a third at 
School Green. Mr. George Leather, to whom reference 
has been previously made, was the surveyor and engineer 
of this new highway. 

The above were the principal approaches to Allerton 
from Bradford. The four principal outlets from it comprise 
the following : First, the road from Allerton to Clayton by 
way of Allerton Lane, past Allerton Hall, and through the 
fields to Leventhorpe Old Hall, following the field path 
by the side of the hall up the steep ascent to Clayton 
Town End. Next, the road to Cottingley by way of Guide 
Moor and Sandy Lane Bottom, or by way of the Haworth 
Road to Wilsden. Another outlet is that from Allerton 
to Denholme by way of Egypt, Moscow, and Jerusalem, 
for by such singular names are those localities known. 
This route leads by a pleasant descent to Doe Park 
Reservoir, one of the compensation stores of the Bradford 
Corporation. The last outlet by road remaining unnoticed 
is that from Allerton to Thornton. The latter place may 
be reached either by way of Allerton Lane, thence forward 
to School Green, or else vid Cote Lane and Bailey Fold, 
reaching Thornton at " Who'd ha' thowt it " houses. In 
either case the stream flowing towards Bradford, known as 
Bradford Beck, must be crossed, and it will be found to be 
as free from impurity as any rural stream in Yorkshire. 

John James, the historian of Bradford, thinks it very 
probable that the Roman road from Castleford to Colne 
ran by way of Westgate, in Bradford, up Whetley Hill, 
from thence to Street Gap, in Allerton, and thence forward 
on the line of the present road to Old Allen. In its course 
it would intersect the Roman road which undoubtedly 
existed from Manchester to Ilkley. Old Allen gives sundry 
indications of its having been an ancient settlement. 



History of Allerton. 281 



DESCRIPTION OF THE VILLAGE. 

Allerton has long been noted for its beds of good 
stone, which have yielded an abundant harvest to the 
quarrymen and stone-getters in the township. In 1800 
there was but one quarry, which was situated between 
Old Ivy and the Pogs, but this trade received such an 
impetus from the revival of the building trade in the 
district, that in 1855 there were twelve, and in 1868 no 
less than thirty-six quarries. Many of them have of late 
been worked out, and at present the number of stone 
quarries in actual working is small. Agriculture, however, 
has, until within the past fifty years, been the mainstay of 
the people of Allerton, who, as opportunity afforded, added 
to their income by hand-spinning and the product of the 
hand-loom. The principal landed proprietors are Mr. John 
A. Jowett, of Clockhouse, and Sir Francis Sharp Powell, 
Bart., M.P. 

Most of the land of Allerton was enclosed under the 
grants of Sir Richard Tempest and Henry Marsden, with 
the exception of the land known by the name of Allerton 
Ley. The position of this land is in the very centre of 
the village, embracing the present sites of New Row, Ley 
Side, Copy, Wood's houses, and the sites of all the mills, 
and down to the township boundary. Allerton Ley is a 
favourite theme for the old inhabitants to dwell upon. A 
stream ran down the middle of the then common, covered 
with holly and shady trees. Here the Baptists were 
accustomed to baptise in a pond just below the Top Mill. 
Here, too, might be seen, wandering in sweet liberty, that 
humble animal which has been superseded by its more 
noble relative, the horse. Flocks of geese made the Ley 
their home, and here of an evening were wont to congregate 
the village combers and hand-loom weavers to enjoy their 
favourite weed. Horse-racing was carried on at what is 
known as the "Tide" around the moor, but was discontinued 
many years ago. 

Building operations, while keeping fairly abreast with 



282 History of Allerton. 

the requirements of the place, have been carried on chiefly 
to supply the normal increase of the industrial population. 
For a reason to be afterwards stated, there are few " fine 
fowk " at Allerton, and comparatively few residences com- 
manding high rentals. The village generally is excellently 
built of local stone, than which there is none better for 
appearance and durability, and it is also well roaded, paved, 
and drained. Some years ago a considerable addition was 
made to cottage property and trade premises at Fair- 
weather Green and near to Crossley Hall, where extensive 
soap, chemical, and dyeing works have been established. 
Near the Oaks Farm two commanding villa residences, 
named Ellercroft and Carlington Villa, were built by Alder- 
man Jonas Whitley, an ex-mayor of Bradford, and his 
business partner, Mr. T. B. Fox ; another equally well- 
situated residence close by, called Oaks Villa, was built 
by the late Mr. James Wood. Near the centre of Allerton 
are Springfield, erected by Mr. Luther Robertshaw, and 
other detached villas by Mr. Illingworth Robertshaw and 
the late Mr. Thomas Robertshaw. 



ALLERTON CHARACTERISTICS. 

Thanks to an exceptionally pure and bracing air, the 
inhabitants of Allerton generally are a robust, stalwart race, 
with a will of their own, and not afraid of making that 
fact clear to all whom it may concern. There is an utter 
absence of "caste" at Allerton, but, on the contrary, that 
degree of familiarity between employer and employed 
which, among sensible people, breeds not contempt but 
self-respect on both sides. Originally consisting of half 
a -dozen families the Robertshaws, Fairbanks, Whites, 
Cockrofts, Knights, and Illingworths these names, with 
their subdivisions, are still largely representative of the life 
of the place. The " christened " names are nearly all of 
the plain Yorkshire stamp, and very many are taken from 
the Old Book. There is scarcely a " fine " Christian name 
in the village. It would puzzle an etymologist, however, 
to trace the derivation of some of the localities, such as 



History of Allerton. 283 

Pogs, Mustard Pot, Fatty Coppy, Sodom, Pitty Beck, &c. 
The origin of such names as Bright Street, Cobden 
Street, Gladstone Street, &c., it is not difficult to trace. In 
few places is there less drunkenness and its twin-sister, 
crime, than at Allerton, and church, chapel, and school 
accommodation is abundant. 

The village has long been famous for its musicians, 
especially for its choral singers. Music having become a 
passion, in which both master and man indulged, parties 
used to meet at each other's houses, often until the "sma" 
hours " of the morning ; and at stated periods (which were 
arranged to fall when the moon was up, chiefly to accom- 
modate singers from Allerton village), Messrs. Bass, Tenor, 
and Alto made pilgrimages to the Old Choral Society at 
Bradford, and none were more regular in attendance than 
they. At no place is congregational singing rendered 
with greater heartiness and precision. These habits have 
doubtless had much to do with the peace and orderliness 
which prevail. When the borough of Bradford was incor- 
porated, and the new police were formed, candidates who 
appeared from Allerton were almost always accepted, the 
saying becoming common, " Take him on, he'll do. He 
comes thro' quiet Allerton." 

The population of the township was in 1801, 809 ; at 
the present time it is about 4000. The rateable value was, 
in 1776, 198 ; in 1836 it was 1743 ; the rateable value 
for 1895 was .14,326. 

In the session of Parliament of 1881 the Corporation 
of Bradford applied for powers to annex the township of 
Allefton with other places, and the annexation was 
completed the next year. 



284 History of Allerton. 



CHAPTER II. 
ANCIENT OWNERSHIP. 



Ancient Ownership Poll-tax of Richard II. Richard Tempest and Queen 
Elizabeth Decree of 1580 Freeholders of the Period Sale of the Manor 
Curious Handbill of 1788 The Ferrands as Lords of the Manor The Courts 
Baron Perambulation of the Boundaries Enclosure of Allerton Common. 



FORMER LORDS AND TENANTS. 

Whatever Allerton may become, it has little for which 
to thank the distant past. Its experience is pretty much 
like that of the score of hamlets around us. It was 
reserved for the quickening energy born of the nineteenth 
century the "steam era" which has dotted the country- 
side with so many similar thriving communities to give 
it some appearance of a village in place of the three or 
four clusters of dwellings at isolated distances which were 
in existence under the older dispensation. The township, 
however, has a history which is not the less necessary to 
be preserved, even if it may not contain within its annals 
those soul-stirring episodes which "live in description and 
look green in song." 

James, the historian of Bradford, from whom we borrow 
largely for the historical portion of this sketch, says that 
at the time of the Conquest (1066) Allerton formed a part 
of the manor of Bolton, and was given to Ilbert de Lacy 
by the Conqueror for the share he had taken in assisting 
to devastate this part of the country by order of his Royal 
master. Soon afterwards it became the property of the 
Thorntons, and continued in the possession of this family 
until the reign of Edward III. (1327), when it passed to 
the Boilings of Boiling Hall, along with the manor of 
Thornton. It so continued until the marriage of Rosamund, 



History of Allerton. 285 

daughter of Tristram Boiling, to Sir Richard Tempest, of 
Bracewell, about 1500, by which marriage the ancient 
family of the Boilings, of Boiling Hall, became extinct. A 
collateral branch of this family, however, seems to have 
lived at Chellow, to which ample reference has already 
been made. 

Consulting the returns of the poll - tax levied by 
Richard II. about the year 1380, we learn that there were 
in Allerton thirty-one persons who paid fourpence each 
towards the tax, that being the lowest amount levied. At 
that period surnames, in the form they now appear, had 
not come into vogue ; hence the somewhat singular designa- 
tions which follow : 

William, son of Alicia (or Alison) ; Adam and Magota de 
Appilyead, John Brokesbanke, John Cole, Roger Cokan, John Crosselay ; 
Eva and John de Denby, John and Thomas de Grenegate, John 
Haueworth (or Haworth), sen. and jun. ; John, Thomas, and William, sons 
of Henry ; John, Thomas, Magota, and William del Hill ; Rich., son 
of John ; Alice, daughter of John ; Thomas, servant of John : Thomas 
Judson, John Lorde, William Michell ; William, son of Ode ; William 
Perys ; William, son of Rich. ; Robert and William, sons of Roger ; 
Adam Smyth, Agnes Smyth, wyf ; John Talour ; John, son of Thomas ; 
Rich, and William de Thornland ; Elizabeth de Wyke, Thomas 
Wyndhill, and Henry Wyteacre. 

The sum total realised by the tax was 133. 8d., and as 
there appears to have been no one assessed at more than 
fourpence each, there were no " fine fowk " in Allerton at 
the above early period. 



THE QUEEN v. TEMPEST. 

Passing over another century or so we find the manor 
still held by the Tempests of Boiling Hall, another Sir 
Richard having succeeded to the estates. During the time 
the second Richard Tempest held the manor of Allerton, a 
suit was commenced in the Duchy Court against him by 
Queen Elizabeth to recover it, on the ground of its being 
part of the manor of Bradford, but a decree was made in 
his favour in 1580. This decree contains many interesting 



286 History of Allerton. 

records respecting Allerton. In it it is proved that the 
ancestors of the Thorntons, the Boilings, and the Tempests 
held courts for the manor, and had wardships, suits, 
marriages, and services appended to it. The rents at this 
time were composed of small sums, with "the addition of 
roses." This custom of giving roses with the rent was very 
common, for at a court held the seventeenth of Henry VII 
(1504), twenty-two freeholders of Allerton appeared, and 
John Aldersley was presented as being seventeen years 
of age, and in ward, for that he held his land by 
knight's service and by a yearly rent of a rose, price one 
penny. 

Through the kindness of William Ferrand, Esq., of 
St. Ives, the present lord of the manor of Allerton, we 
are enabled to give a summary of the decree of 1580, 
which is as follows : 

Whereas, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth was seized in fee in the 
Duchy of Lancaster of the manor of Bradford, and of divers vills 
part of the said manor, and that the defendant [Sir Richard Tempest] 
had entered to and upon certain lands in Allerton. and also upon a 
water corn mill there, and for answer said that one Sir John Tempest, 
his ancestor, was seized of the manor of Allerton, and of the lands 
and water corn mill in question, and he dying the said manor, lands, 
and corn mill descended to one Nicholas Tempest, brother of Sir John, 
and by the death of Nicholas to the defendant, as his son and heir. 
And the defendant further showed in his answer that he and his 
ancestors had wards and marriages of the freeholders in the said 
manor of Allerton ; and had used and had improved of the wastes, 
had kept Courts Baron in the manor, and had exercised the privileges 
and done other things incident to the holdership of such manor. 

Whereupon a Commission was appointed to sift the evidence of 
witnesses for the Queen and the said defendant, and the defendant 
produced certain deeds made in the third year of Edward I., from 
which it appeared that one Roger de Thornton, the defendant's 
ancestor, granted to the Abbot of Byland certain lands in Allerton 
and Wilsden, to wit, Old Allen to Potter Gate, with license to enclose 
the same. He also produced a deed of thirty-fifth Henry III., granting 
free warren in Bradford, Manningham, and Stanbury to Edward Lacy, 
then Earl of Lincoln, which did not name Allerton as part of the manor 
of Bradford. He also produced deeds of the time of Henry VI., 
showing that Tristram Boiling, defendant's lineal ancestor, held Courts 
Baron at Thornton, where many of the freeholders of Allerton did 
suit and service, and where one John Aldersley, of Allerton, did 



History of A Her ton. 287 

acknowledge holding of defendant's ancestors one messuage and half 
a bovate of land in Allerton by the rent of twenty-two pence and a 
red rose, price one penny, in the time of roses. 

And whereas, at a court held in the name of Sir Richard 
Tempest, the seventeenth of Henry VIII., at Thornton, a "pain" 
was laid for dogging the cattle of certain of the inhabitants of Allerton 
on Allerton Moor, " between Denby Loyne Head and Brown Law." 
Further, that similar pains were laid at Courts Baron held by Dame 
Rosamund, wife of Sir Richard Tempest, and afterwards by Sir John 
Tempest, his brother Nicholas, and then by the now defendant, son 
of Nicholas. It was further pleaded that a Court Baron was incident 
to any manor, but that Queen Elizabeth had never held such a court 
in Allerton, and never held any demesnes or copyholds in Allerton. 

Judgment was given at Westminster, at a court held 
1st December, twenty-third of Elizabeth, against the claims 
of Her Majesty, and in favour of the defendant, Sir Richard 
Tempest, on the ground that the matters alleged in support 
of Her Majesty's title to the waste grounds of Allerton 
were not sufficient to counterbalance the evidences and 
proofs adduced by the defendant, and it was further decreed 
that Sir Richard Tempest and his heirs should henceforth 
be entitled to hold and enjoy the said lands, wastes, and 
water corn mill, also the 236 acres of land in Allerton, 
until better proof be shown for their not holding the same 
on behalf of Her Majesty, her heirs, or successors. 



FIRST ENCLOSURE OF THE WASTES. 

By indenture dated 1584, and made between Robert 
Tempest, of Bracevvell, William Allerton, John Illingworth, 
Thomas Hodgson, John Drake, John Northend, John 
Wilkinson, and Michael Barstow, of Allerton ; Marmaduke 
Maud, Richard Crawshaw, Robert Rawson, John Wilman, 
Raynbrown Wilman, John Phillip, Richard Threapland, 
Richard Mitton, Robert Midgley, William Binns, and 
George Butler, of Wilsden, freeholders of Allerton and 
Wilsden, were confirmed in rights of pasture, turbary, and 
liberty to dig and get stones, with power to enclose, impack, 
and improve the said moors, commons, and waste. This is 
known as the Old Land. 



288 History of Allerton. 

The following is a list of Allerton new rents for the 
year 1685, viz. : 

<>. 

Mr. Brian Sunderland 360 

Mr. Richard Shuttleworth I 6 6 

Thomas Ledgard and John Crosley ... ... ... 2 o o 

John Cossins ... ... ... ...068 

John Sagar ... ... ... 0180 

John Rollings ... ... ... ... ... ... I o o 

Joseph Rollings ... ... ... ... ... ... o 17 6 

Gregory Cockcroft ... ... ... ... ...076 

Jeremy Gleidhill ... ... ... ... ... ...076 

Thomas Pigholls 076 

James Hopkinson... ... ... ... ... ...039 

Joseph Lister ... ... ... ... ... ...076 

John Hall o n 6 

Joshuah Horton, Esq. ... ... ... ... ... o 10 o 

Isaac Rollings I u 9 

Willm. Bynns ... ... ... ... ... ... o 15 o 

John Jennings ... ... ... ... ... ...059 

John Wilkinson, for Moorehouse ... ... ... o 10 o 

Willm. Drake, Esq o 15 o 

Jeremy White o 12 10 

John Allerton ... ... ... ... ... ... o 6 6 

Willm. Allerton, jun 026 

Mrs. Catherine Lister 026 

John Cockcroft 060 

Widdow Illingworth ... ... ... ... ... o 10 o 



SALE OF THE MANOR. 

By deed, dated January 29th, 1648, Richard Tempest, 
a noted spendthrift, mortgaged for 500 all the manor of 
Allerton-cum-Wilsden to Richard Marsden, of Pendleton, in 
Lancashire, and it was in the year 1673 sold to his son, 
Henry Marsden, for the sum of 758. In 1676 an agree- 
ment was come to between Henry Marsden, of Gisburn, the 
lord, and thirty-five freeholders of Allerton and Wilsden, 
whereby large quantities of the waste land were conveyed 
by him to them, at one shilling an acre yearly free rent, 
reserving the coal and minerals, other royalties, suits, and 
services to his court baron. The land thus granted is 
known by the name of New Land. The parties named 



YORKSHIRE WEST RIDING, 
SAL E S by A U C T I v O N< 

(If any Eftate fhould be fold by Pi-irate Contrail timely Notice'will be given) 

Manors of Bradford and Allerton with Wilfden, 

At the Sign of the Sun in Bradford, on Monday the 217? July, 1788, 

At 5 o'Clock in tie Evening ; together or in tie fa/lowing Lots. 

LOT I. 

At, L that extenfive and very valuable Manor of Bradford, in the' IPt/l Riding of the County of 
fork, heretofore Parcel ot the Duchy of Lanca/lrr, and now holden Rent free under Royal 
Grant in Fee Simple , comprifing ihe Market Tolls, Stallages and Franchifcs of the Town and Lord- 
Ihip of Bradford, the Mines, Minerals, (other than thofe of Gold and Silver) Delfs, Quarries, (except 
the Stone Quarries in the Cliffs hereinafter-mentioned) and other Manerial Rights and Royalties, the 
Fee Farm, cuftomary Copy-hold, Leafe-hold, and Incroachment Rents of and within the laid Manor, 
the Courts and Privileges incident thereto, the Reverfions of divers Lcafc-hold Lands, and ill the 
Court Houfc with the Darn and Croft behind the fame. 

The Manorof Bradford from its many peculiar Advantages of Nature, Situation and Rcyal Favor, 
prefents an" Object highly meriting the Attention of any neighbouring Gentleman, dcfirous of enjoying 
the Diverfions of the Field, extending his parliamentary Influence, or improving the Wafte's ; its 
Dimenfions encircle a Diftrift of many Miles, well adapted for the Incrcafe end Prefervation of the 
different Species of FiOi, Fowl and other Game. The rcl'pcclablc Towns of Bradford, Manningbam and 
Stanbury are within its Barony, and with their populous Vifmagc, cxclufivc of the numerous Rents 
payable to its Lord, fend Crowds of Homagcrs and Suitors to its Courts, rendered ftill more confe- 

2uential from the Obligation which the Inhabitants of many other TownQiips, viz. Bolton, Bvw- 
ng, Horttn, Thornton, Alltrlon with Willdtn, lltnton with Clayton, llaviartb and Iftkt, are under to 
attend the Leet's holden before the Lord or his Steward. And theWaftes to the amount of thoufands of 
Acres capable of Cultivation, already yield to, the Lord of the Manor confiderable Benefit from ths 
Rights of Approver and Appropriation, and frdm the Stone, Brick and Clay found there, added to 
thit the Coal Mines, though not lately worked promifc fair to be the Source of Wealth to their future 
Owners. LOT II. 

All that Parcel of Ground near to the Town of Bradford called the CKfi, with the Dwelling-honfc, 
Cold Bath, Garden and Bowling Green, the valuable and improveable Stone Quarry, now woituig 
therein, and with or without the Woods of fine Oak Timber there growing. 

LOT 111. 

The Manor or .Lordfliip of Allirtm with tnifdrn, in the Parifh of Bradford aforefaid,, comprifing 
the manfion Houfc and demefne Lands, now in the Pofleflion of Gargt AaJtrfm ; trw Colliery in the 
Tenure of Jamet Smith and others ; the Stone Quarries in the Tenure of Mcfli s.Atkinfin \ the Lord's 
Rents, Courts Baron, Waftcs and other valuable Rights Liberties and Franchifes. 

AT. B. This Manor a very well (locked with Game there bred and produced in great Abundance. 

Mr. Jtfrfb Bmtlfj, Attorney at Law, at Bradford, will (hew the PrenuTcs (comprized in the above 
lot;) ta znj Perfon mindful to view the lame. 



FAC SIMILE OF HANDBILL. 



290 History of Allerton. 

in the agreement were John Hall, of Thornton, Abram 
Denbigh, John Cockroft, Thomas Ledgard, John Rawson, 
Benjamin Ferrand, David Wilkinson, John Sagar, and 
William Binns. 

Allerton continued in the possession of the Marsden 
family until the year 1795, when it was conveyed by deed, 
dated January 27th, from John Marsden, of Hornby Castle, 
to Benjamin Ferrand, of St. Ives, near Bingley, for .2400, 
and under limitations of his will, made in 1805, it came to 
Edward Ferrand, afterwards to his sister, Sarah Ferrand, 
and on her death to her son, the late William Busfeild 
Ferrand, Esq. Under the provisions of the will of Mr. 
Ferrand, who died in 1889, his nephew, Mr. William Busfeild 
(who takes the name of Ferrand) succeeded to his estates, 
and that gentleman is now lord of the manor of Allerton- 
cum-Wilsden. His estate agent is Mr. Walter Middleton, 
Cottingley Bridge. 

Mr. William Ferrand, of St. Ives, Bingley, has in his 
possession the original handbill announcing the sale by 
auction, in the year 1788, of the manors of Bradford and 
Allerton - cum - Wilsden while in the possession of the 
Marsden family. The manor of Bradford had vested in 
this family from about the year 1670, they having 
been mortgagees of the manor of Allerton-cum-Wilsden 
at an earlier date. In February, 1795, the manorial 
estate of Bradford was conveyed by John Marsden, of 
Hornby Castle, to Benjamin Rawson, of Bolton-le-Moors, 
for 2100, and, as already shown, Mr. Marsden disposed of 
the manor of Allerton-cum-Wilsden to Benjamin Ferrand, 
of St. Ives, in the same year, for 2400. 

The offer of these manorial properties by public auction 
does not appear to have resulted in an actual sale on the 
spot an experience which is not unexampled in more 
recent times, but it had the effect of placing the property 
in the market, with a view to an ultimate purchaser. The 
handbill, however, remains as a curiosity, and we are 
indebted to Mr. Ferrand for the privilege of reproducing 
it in fac simile. 

Some portions of it afford delightful reading, according 




MANOR COURT-HOUSE. 



292 History of Allerton. 

to present-day light. As to the Bradford manorial property, 
comprising the " market tolls, stallages, franchise," &c., the 
"court-house, with the barn and croft behind the same," it is 
interesting to note the vastly increased value now attached 
to the manorial estate. By the Bradford Improvement Act 
of 1866 the Corporation became the lessees for a term of 
999 years, on payment of a yearly rent of 5000 a year to 
the lady of the manor, and the first year's revenue amounted 
to 4133 133. 6d. 

The Court-house, " with the barn and croft behind the 
same," existed until the widening of Westgate was carried 
forward a year or two ago. According to an inscription 
which remained over the entrance door, this Court-house 
was erected in 1678 by Henry Marsden, who had 
previously acquired the manorial property. The building 
stood nearly opposite to the present John Street, and a 
sketch is given. The second paragraph in the handbill 
contains an amusing reference to the " respectable " towns 
of Bradford, Manningham, and Stanbury, and generally 
upholds the valuable character of the neighbourhood, as 
possessing many natural advantages, and worthy the atten- 
tion of any gentleman " desirous of enjoying the diversions 
of the field, extending his Parliamentary influence, or 
improving the wastes." The description of Lot 2 will be 
perfectly unintelligible to present-day readers. It, however, 
refers to the cold bath which formerly existed at Spinkwell, 
under Cliff Wood, which was in the early part of the 
century a favourite resort of the residents of Bradford. At 
that period the immediate locality was well clothed with 
timber. The Cliff Wood quarries proved a rich mine to 
the Pollard family. The most interesting item descriptive 
of the manor of Allerton-with-Wilsden is that stating that 
the manor was well stocked with game, " there bred and 
produced in great abundance." 

Mr. Joseph Bentley, attorney-at-law, who is mentioned 
at the foot of the handbill as the person to whom application 
was to be made for information as to the property, was a 
noted lawyer in Bradford, and one of the founders of the 
firm afterwards known as Bentley & Wood. 



History of Allerton. 293 



THE COURTS BARON. 

Manor Courts were held regularly at Allerton so 
recently as 1760, in a building situate in Allerton Lanes. 
Of this building nothing now remains. It was situated, 
however, just at the entrance to the Lanes, where three 
cottages now stand. A pair of stocks were placed at the 
end of the building fronting to the road, as a terror to 
evil-doers. At the court held in 1805, Edward Ferrand 
being then lord of the manor, and Joseph Bentley steward, 
the following were the Jurors, viz. : Joseph Rollings, 
Thomas Smith, John Schofield Firth, Abraham Knowles, 
Thomas Smith, John Greenwood, John Lockwood, George 
Tweedy, William Briggs, Samuel Sagar, John Knowles, 
Jonas Foster, and John Pickles, the selection being made 
from both Allerton and Wilsden. The Courts Baron of 
Mrs. Sarah Ferrand were summoned as follows : 

By virtue of a requisition under the hands of Walker Busfeild 
and Johnson Atkinson Busfeild, stewards of the court of the manor 
of Allerton-cum- Wilsden, I do hereby summon you to be and personally 
appear at the next Great Court Baron of Mrs. Sarah Ferrand, lady 
of the said manor, to be holden at the house of Mr. Abraham Foster, 
near Harden Beck Bridge, in Wilsden, within the said manor, on 
Monday, the third day of January next, at Ten o'clock in the forenoon 
of the same day, to do suit and service to the lady of the said manor, 
and serve as a juror at the said court. And I do hereby, by virtue 
of such requisition as aforesaid, summon you to be and personally appear 
at the said Court Baron (to be holden by adjournment) and Court for 
the perambulation of the boundaries of the said manor, on Tuesday, 
the fourth day of the same month, at the same place and hour. 
Herein fail not at your peril. Given under my hand the thirteenth 
day of December, 1841. 

The perambulation of the boundaries, sometimes called 
" beating the bounds," was an important function on these 
occasions, and was honestly performed by following up the 
beck courses and in other ways. The occasion was also 
one in which all the loafers of the neighbourhood joined 
because of the good things generally provided. It must 
also have been a red-letter day with the landlord at Harden 



294 History of Allerton. 

Beck, judging by the bills sent in to the manor stewards 
for refreshments. Here are a few items copied from the 
accounts at one of these perambulations : 

4 

Dinner bill at Abram Foster's 18 17 o 

For twenty-one men jurors I u 6 

Ditto for thirty-six 3 14 o 

Breakfasts for twenty-two I 2 o 

Cheese, bread, and meat 1150 

Two barrels of ale, spirits, and tobacco $ ^ 6 

The present steward of the manor is Mr. Alfred 
Platts, Bingley. 

RECENT ENCLOSURE OF THE WASTES. 

In the year 1840 an Act of Parliament was obtained 
by Mrs. Sarah Ferrand, lady of the manor, with the 
concurrence of the freeholders, for enclosing and parcelling 
out the waste lands, about 170 acres, at Fairweather Green, 
Allerton Ley, and Upper Green, and the succeeding year 
this parcelling was made in suitable proportions by and 
amongst the lady of the manor and the freeholders, the 
principal of whom were George Baron, E. C. Lister, and 
Francis Sharp Bridges. Mr. John B. Ingle was the Com- 
missioner named in the Act, but he died before the work 
was completed, and Mr. Thomas William Rawson completed 
the award, Mr. George Thompson Lister being the surveyor. 

At Fairweather Green the portion enclosed lay on each 
side of the present Thornton Road, having Shuttleworth 
Hall to the right and Crosley Hall to the left on leaving 
Bradford. These portions joined up to the ancient enclosures 
belonging to George Baron, John Fairbank, Miss Susannah 
Stott, and Thomas Hitching's devisees. The allotments set 
out upon Allerton Ley commenced at Street Gap, and lay 
upon each side of the present main road to Allerton, up to 
the Top Mill, bordered by old enclosed land belonging to 
George Baron, William Fairbank, and William Stephenson. 
The old settlements called Street Gap, the Oaks, Allerton 
Grange, Copy, and Denby all stood upon old enclosed land. 



History of Allerton. 295 

On Guide Moor the principal plots set out and allotted 
were at the junction of the road leading to Wilsden and 
Bingley, where a piece of land (three acres in extent) was 
set apart for a recreation ground, to be kept in repair and 
maintained by the churchwardens and overseers of Allerton 
out of the poor rates. During the mayoralty of Alderman 
Jonas Whitley, an endeavour was made by him to induce the 
Parks Committee of the Corporation to become responsible 
for this piece of ground and comply with the terms of the 
award, but the matter still remains in abeyance. On Moor- 
house Moor the allotments abutted on Moor House, Lantern 
Slack, and the National School. Good breadths of waste 
land were also enclosed at Harrop Edge and Peat Dyke. 




296 History of Allerton. 



CHAPTER III. 
LOCAL GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS. 



Hearth-tax Returns for 1666 Allerton Freeholders in 1734 Formation of the 
Local Board Annexation to Bradford. 



HEARTH-TAX RETURNS. 

The present chapter will be largely taken up by matter 
which, however uninviting to a casual reader, lies at the 
foundation of local history. It is by means of such 
information, and often only by such means, that anything 
can be learned of the ancestry of the present generation, 
and hence we have no hesitation in submitting what, to 
some readers, may be considered a "dry" chapter of the 
history of Allerton. 

It is interesting, for instance, to know something of the 
social status of one's forelders, and with this view we present 
a complete list of the inhabitants of Allerton-cum-Wilsden 
of 230 years ago who were important enough to be taxed 
for each fire lighted in their respective domiciles. The 
history of this tax, which was originally invented by 
William the Conqueror, is more fully referred to at page 
177. In the hearth-tax returns for 1666, the number of 
hearths taxed in Allerton-cum-Wilsden was 172. The 
following is a list of those householders who were taxed 
for three hearths or over, viz. : 

No. of No. of 

Hearths. Hearths. 

Peter Sunderland, Esq. ... 6 Josias Bayley 4 

Abraham Brigg 4 Widow Bayley 3 

John Bairstow 3 John Rollings 7 

William Topham 3 Widow Rollings 5 

John Cockroft 4 Nathan Brigg 4 



History of Allerton. 297 

i 

No. of No. of 

Hearths. Hearths. 

James Sagar 3 Widow Hill 3 

John Sagar 5 John Rodes 3 

John Spence 7 Isaac Denby 3 

William Allerton 3 Joseph Booth 3 

John Drake 4 



ALLERTON FREEHOLDERS. 

Advancing a few years, namely, to the year 1734, we 
are in possession of a curious record, which is entitled " A 
list of the freeholders in and near Bradford, with columns 
showing how they were expected to vote at the next 
election for the county of York, which is to begin May 
1 5th, 1734- " The candidates on the occasion were, Sir 
Rowland Winn, Cholmondley Turner, Esq., and Sir Miles 
Stapleton. Columns are set out for each of the three 
candidates, with ticks showing how they were " expected " 
to vote. In front there are other two columns, with the 
indicators " Promised " and " Not Promised." The record 
therefore is largely conjectural, but it supplies us with the 
names of inhabitants of Allerton and Wilsden who were 
entitled to vote at the election for Yorkshire, which at that 
period was, for election purposes, an undivided represen- 
tation. We also append the columns showing how each 
freeholder was "expected" to vote, and which 160 years 
later will not bring upon us the allegation of having 
unduly introduced party politics into a purely local history 
The following is the list referred to : 

Allerton Freeholders. 

W. T. S. W. T. S. 

John Hodshon ... o Mr. Jonas White ... I I 

Joseph Pollard ... i Robert Heaton ... I i 

Abraham Pearson ... Joshua Binns ... 

Joseph Wood ... o o o Joseph Rollings ... o 

Gregory Cockroft ... Joseph White 

Obadiah Rollings ... o o John Foster o 

Thomas Rollings ... o o John Lane i 

Jonas White, sen ... i i 



298 History of Allerton. 



Wilsden Freeholders. 

W. T. S. W. T. S. 

Richard Wilkinson... I i Christopher Duckworth o 

Joseph Smith ... i i James Jowitt ... I 

Abraham Wilkinson o o I Abraham Kitchen ... o 

Joshua Midgley ... i Jere. Jowett ... o 

Richard Midgley ... i Thomas Hill ... o 

John Waddington ... i Thomas Leach ... 

Peter Wilkinson ... i I 

A note at the end of the book is significant, namely 
" Thomas Holmes, of Warley, says he can get six or more 
voters in Lancashire at the expense of one guinea." 



FORMATION OF LOCAL BOARD. 

Allerton, like other rural districts, long had its highway 
surveyors, constables, overseers, &c., but in May, 1863, 
application was made to the Home Office for permission to 
adopt the Local Government Act of 1858 at Allerton, 
and the application was granted. The application was 
gazetted on June 3rd, 1863. The first Board consisted as 
follows : Isaac Robertshaw, chairman ; Joseph Robertshaw, 
Calvin Robertshaw, Pickles Constantine, William Booth, 
Thomas Thackray, David Fairbank, James Wood, and 
Nathan Huddleston. Samuel Cockroft was appointed 
collector of rates at a remuneration of 4 for the highway 
rate and 2 for the district rate. In 1865 David Baxandall 
received the appointment, and long continued to hold it. 
The first schedule required by the Local Government Board 
under the new Act was forwarded in October, 1864, as 
follows: Population, 2400; assessable value, 5500; 
salaries paid for collecting the rates, 10. In 1874 the 
late Mr. Nathan Wilman Wright officiated as clerk to 
the Local Board, and occupied that position up to its 
dissolution. Water was supplied by a private company, 
but is now supplied direct from the Corporation mains. 
Gas is still supplied by the Clayton and Allerton Gas 
Company. 



History of Allerton. 299 



ANNEXATION TO BRADFORD. 

The first meeting at which the scheme of annexation to 
the borough was mooted took place between representatives 
of Allerton and Heaton in November, 1879. In December, 
1880, a meeting took place between the Local Board and 
the Bradford Corporation to discuss the terms upon which 
such incorporation might be carried out. In connection 
with the same subject, a meeting of Allerton ratepayers was 
held in the Wesleyan School in January, 1881, which was 
adjourned to February 4th, when a resolution in favour of 
annexation to Bradford was carried by a decisive majority. 

In the session of Parliament 1881, the Corporation of 
Bradford applied for powers for the extension of the 
boundaries of the borough by including the districts of 
the Local Boards of Shipley, Heaton, Thornton, Clayton, 
Allerton, Tong-street, Eccleshill, Idle, and Windhill, also 
the hamlets of Tyersal and Thornbury. The application 
was not successful as far as regarded several of these places, 
but took effect in respect to Heaton, Allerton, and the 
hamlets of Tyersal and Thornbury. In 1882 a re-division 
of the wards in the borough took place, and the first 
councillors elected for the Allerton Ward were Messrs. 
Charles Sowden, Luther Robertshaw, and Smith Feather. 
Mr. Robertshaw was elected an alderman the year following, 
and Mr. William Fairbank took his vacated position as 
councillor for Allerton. 

The Allerton Ward comprises the whole of the town- 
ship of Allerton, together with so much of the township 
of Heaton as lies on the western side of the centre of 
the Keighley and Bradford Old Road, and so much 
of the township of Manningham as lies on the western side 
of the centre of Toller Lane, Little Lane, and Girlington 
Road, and on the northern side of the centre cf that part 
of Thornton Road which extends from Girlington Road 
to the boundary dividing the townships of Manningham 
and Allerton at Fairweather Green. 



800 History of AUerton. 



CHAPTER IV. 



INDUSTRIAL, SPIRITUAL, EDUCATIONAL. 

Commercial Affairs in AUerton The Old Hand-loom Weavers Mill Erections 
in AUerton Allerton Nonconformity Congregationalism in AUerton (illustra- 
tion) Wesleyanism in Allerton (illustration) The Baptists St. Peter's 
Church Allerton British School The Sagar Charity. 



COMMERCIAL AFFAIRS. 

With the year 1750 may be said to have begun the 
commercial interests of Allerton, although for a long time 
previous to that date worsted hand-loom weavers and 
hand-combers had plied their trade. So far back as we 
have been able to trace the parentage of the trade, we 
find that upwards of a hundred years ago one Pearson, 
living at Street Gap, employed four combers, and gave out 
weaving to the district around. He was considered the 
"big man" of his period. In 1790 every house could boast 
of its comb pot, hand-loom, or spinning wheel. About 
this time John Booth, of Denby, was a leading spinner, 
weaver, and comber. After him came Joshua Illingworth, 
Jeremiah Robertshaw, James, John, and Jonas White, 
Joseph Wood, &c., who used to send their goods to the 
Piece Hall at Bradford. Joshua Craven, who lived at the 
upper part of Allerton, also put out work, and was known 
as the " old piece maker." The descriptions of goods 
made were dobbies, tammies, and moreens, and it was no 
uncommon thing for part of the wages to be taken out in 
" pokey." But the great time for hand-combing and weaving 
in Allerton was from 1830 to 1850. Twice a week two 
large loads of moreens were despatched to Bradford, while 
some dozen at least of small manufacturers in Allerton 
also made weekly contributions. In 1845 Allerton num- 



History of Allerton. soi 

bered about 120 hand-loom weavers. Hand-combing also 
formed an important branch of industry. There were in 
1845 about no hand-combers, who would work up about 
twenty-five packs of wool weekly. We have no information 
for comparison with the above-named output, otherwise the 
statements would be interesting. 

John Wood, whom we have referred to on page 33 as 
''Spectacle Wood," schoolmaster and newspaper reporter, 
was a native of Allerton, and the story of his own life 
which he wrote contains a description of the habits, manners, 
and customs of the hand-loom weavers of Allerton, which 
was probably faithful. He writes : 

I need scarcely say that all the hand-loom weavers did their 
work at their own homes, many of which were cottages connected 
with farm buildings. Some of them were of a mean description, 
consisting only of one storey and one room, for which they paid a 
rent of from thirty to forty shillings a year. There were no cottagers 
who were weekly tenants at that day. The furniture in these cottages 
consisted of one or two looms, a bobbin wheel, a half-headed turn-up 
bedstead, the bed itself being made of chaff, instead of feathers or 
flocks, a round table standing on three legs, a few turned unpainted 
chairs, an old chest, and a cradle. Very few indeed were possessed 
of a clock of any kind, or a. chest of drawers. Their food was of the 
plainest description, and required very little time or trouble in cooking. 
The following was their ordinary style of living : For breakfast they 
had oatmeal water porridge and blue milk ; dinner consisted of boiled 
potatoes and fried bacon ; sometimes they had their potatoes served 
out in the true Irish fashion, with the "jackets" on. In the afternoon, 
at "tea time," they had a supply of mint tea, sweetened wilh treacle, 
which they drank out of a black pint pot ; to this they had a quantity 
of oatcake slightly covered with bacon-drip ; sometimes they had a 
pint of blue milk and oatcake as a substitute. Flour and wheat bread 
were things seldom seen in a working man's cottage. The rules which 
were observed in partaking of their meals were of a most ludicrous 
character. The porridge or the potatoes were served up in one large 
dish or bowl, and were placed in the middle of the table, the family 
placing themselves around, some sitting and some standing, each one 
being supplied with a spoon or a knife, without the use of a fork or 
plate. They proceeded to help themselves in the best way they could, 
the most active getting the best share. I remember a bright youth 
who, in order to secure the use of the largest spoon, was in the habit 
of carrying it all the day stuck in one of the button holes of his 
jacket. 



802 History of Allerton. 



ALLERTON MANUFACTORIES. 

What is known as the Top Mill was the first built for 
spinning and weaving, and was erected in 1836 by a 
company. A shed was built adjoining it about five years 
afterwards, the cost of the whole being about 6700. They 
were run by a Mr. Joseph Collinson, but a short time after 
being erected the place was closed for a whole year on 
account of the slackness of trade. The premises were 
afterwards taken and run by Messrs. Jeremiah Robertshaw 
and Sons, in addition to Well Row Mill, owned by that 
firm. The Top Mill was bought a few years ago by Messrs. 
James Hill & Co., and has been considerably enlarged by 
them. It is now run day and night by that firm in the 
woolcombing and top-making industry. Prospect Mill was 
the next to be erected, having been built by Mr. Joseph 
Wood. With important additions Prospect Mill is still 
owned and run by the firm of James Wood & Co. Well 
Row Mill was soon afterwards erected by Mr. John Ward, 
who disposed of it to Messrs. Robertshaw & Sons, who 
afterwards built the Low Mill, and worked both. These 
works have since come into the possession of Mr. Isaac 
Smith, of Fieldhead Works, Bradford, who carries on in 
them an extensive worsted spinning business. The large 
weaving shed attached thereto is occupied by the firm of 
Robertshaw Brothers. The worsted mill formerly occupied 
by Messrs. Robertshaw, Holmes & Co. is now owned and 
occupied by the firm of William Fairbank & Co. All the 
above firms are engaged in making goods for the Bradford 
trade. We have referred under the Heaton section to the 
extensive works of Mr. David Wade and Messrs. Charles 
Sowden & Sons, at Sandy Lane, which are engaged in the 
same industry. At Fairweather Green a new worsted mill 
has been erected by Messrs. Robert Monies & Co., spinners 
and manufacturers, and there are also the woolcombing 
works of Messrs. Wharton & Monies, machine woolcombers. 
Extensive dyeworks have also been erected and are worked 
by Messrs. William North & Co., and finishing works at 



History of Allerton. 80S 

Crosley Hall by the Patent Dyeing Company. There are 
also the Crosley Hall Soap Works of Messrs. Skelton 
Brothers, and at Allerton the grease works of the late Mr. 
Samuel Cockcroft. 



ALLERTON NONCONFORMITY. 

In this chapter must be collected whatever information 
is to hand of the religious organisations of Allerton, with 
matters pertaining to elementary education. The Noncon- 
formist element is unquestionably strong throughout the 
township, although the Episcopal Church has obtained a 
footing to an extent which, twenty or thirty years ago, 
would scarcely have been credited. Nonconformity is 
divided between the Independent (or Congregational), the 
Wesleyan, and the Baptist forms of worship. In former 
times there were a few Quakers. From an account 
of the persecution of Quakers in 1720, we learn that one 
Samuel Swaine, of Allerton, was prosecuted for tithe at 
the suit of William Rawson, tithe farmer. The demand 
was for twenty-one shillings, but he preferred going to 
Rothwell Gaol for a term instead of paying. 

CONGREGATIONALISM IN ALLERTON. 

Prior to the erection of any place of worship in 
Allerton, many of the people went to Kipping Chapel, 
Thornton. At Thornton Tide there used to be what was 
called a " double lecture," held in a barn belonging to 
Denby Farm, Allerton, which was then in the occupation 
of Joshua Garnett. These " double lectures " were held 
at Allerton on the Monday, and at Thornton on the 
Tuesday. 

The first chapel, the old Independent Chapel, was 
erected in 1814. The first minister was the Rev. Jos. 
Harrison, who had previously been stationed at Wilsden, 
and at Bury, in Lancashire. Mr. Harrison while at Wilsden 
had been somewhat popular as a preacher, and on receiving 
an invitation came to Allerton, where, although he had 



804 History of Allerton. 

neither chapel nor church, nor even a congregation to 
depend upon, he began to labour incessantly, and was 
happy and contented with what the people thought proper 
to give him from time to time. After awhile a chapel 
was decided upon. Mr. William Smith, who then owned 
and occupied the farm called Ley Side, gave the site. No 
architect was employed to draw plans and prepare specifi- 
cations ; there were no contractors, neither was there any 
clerk of the works. Mr. Benjamin Kaye, who then occupied 
Allerton Hall, gave a description of what he thought a 
place of worship should be, and the masons and joiners 
worked according to his directions, they being paid about 
half-a-crown per day. The excavations for the foundations 
were dug by the working people, in addition to the 
payment of their subscriptions ; and the large stone pillars 
which had to support the gallery were all scoured and 
smoothed by young women. As soon as the place was 
decently covered in, before a single pew had been fitted 
up, or even the gallery front had been erected, the place 
was opened for public worship. In addition to gratuitous 
labour, the chapel cost when completed about .1500. Mr. 
Harrison died February 2ist, 1821. 

The succeeding minister was the Rev. Jonas Hinchliffe, 
who only held the pastorate for about two years, but during 
that brief period the Independent interest passed through 
very troublous times, and became almost wrecked. Mr. 
Hinchliffe's conduct as minister so alienated a great portion 
of the congregation that steps were taken to forcibly eject 
him from the pastorate. The attempt was not altogether 
successful, but so few in number were those that attended 
the chapel that he gave up the contest and left 'the village. 
The few members who stuck together after Mr. Hinchliffe 
left obtained supplies from among the Rev. William Vint's 
students at Idle, and he recommended to them the Rev. 
Thomas Hutton, a former pupil of his. Mr. Hutton came 
of the Eccleshill family of that name, which is still 
honourably represented by Mr. John Hutton, of Stone 
Hall, his son, Mr. A. E. Hutton, M.P. for the Morley 
Division, and other members of the family. Thomas 



History of Allerton. 



805 



Hutton was born in 1794, and was admitted a member of 
Horton Lane Chapel, Bradford, in 1811, it being then under 
the pastoral care of the Rev. Thomas Taylor. Very early 
in life he manifested a desire for the ministry, and when 
only eighteen years of age, preached his first sermon at 
Bingley, and at other places during the same year. In 
1813 he entered Idle Academy, then under the direction of 
the Rev. William Vint, where he remained four years. His 
first pulpit was at Pocklington, where he remained ten 
years, and removed thence to Allerton, where he continued 




Allerton Congregational Chapel. 

for thirty years. Mr. Hutton was essentially a good man, 
prudent and peaceful. By the exercise of these virtues he 
recovered the Independent congregation at Allerton from 
the wreck effected by the previous minister, and also did 
much to build up its material interests. When Mr. Hutton 
settled at Allerton the chapel was burdened with a debt of 
1200, which, mainly by his endeavours, was liquidated. 
He also took an active part in the erection of the British 
School, opened in 1845, by collecting subscriptions and 
V 



806 History of Allerton. 

superintending the erection. He resigned the pastorate in 
1857, and died in July, 1871. 

Mr. Hutton was succeeded by the Rev. J. M. Calvert, 
who worked indefatigably in the discharge of his ministerial 
duties, from 1857 to near tne close of l866< He resi g ned 
his position immediately on discovering that there was a 
difference of opinion as to his suitability as minister, and 
is still held in kindly remembrance by those who knew 
him best. Mr. Calvert was a native of Colne, where he 
was born in 1818, and he studied at Airedale College. His 
first pastorate was at Pateley Bridge, but for some years 
before coming to Allerton he was minister at Dronfield, in 
Derbyshire. He was subsequently minister at Gargrave and 
other places, but retired from the stated ministry in 1870. 
He died at Nelson in 1886. During his Allerton pastorate, 
the new parsonage was erected, he being the last occupant 
of the one adjoining the chapel. Subsequent ministers at 
Allerton Congregational Chapel have been the Rev. William 
Houghton, the Rev. W. M. Westerby, and the Rev. Henry 
Webb. 

During Mr. Houghton's pastorate the present splendid 
chapel was erected, which was opened on October 3rd, 1873. 
The site is a very commanding one, and was purchased 
from Mr. J. A. Jowett. The noble edifice is situated on the 
high ground opposite the Old Mill, at some little distance 
below the former chapel, and contains sitting accommodation 
for 1000 persons. The chapel is placed back some fifty 
yards from the road, and the intervening space having been 
tastefully laid out, adds to the otherwise advantageous 
position. The cost of the edifice was about ,9000, the 
whole of which was raised within eighteen months of its 
erection. New Congregational Sunday Schools were erected 
adjoining the chapel in 1888 at a cost of .3500. 

WESLEYANISM AT ALLERTON. 

About 1749 the stream of Methodism flowing from 
Ha worth (where Grimshaw was then minister) reached 
" The Oaks," a farmhouse in Allerton township then 



History of Allerton. 



807 



occupied by John Pickard, who opened his house to any 
who inclined to assemble there. Amongst the earliest 
members were James and Isaac Duckworth, their sister 
Sarah, and Mary Haigh. Isaac Duckworth was afterwards 
taken into the family of the Wesleys. A Wesleyan chapel 
was built in 1833, at a cost of 1400, when a plot of land, 
with burial ground adjoining, was, by consent of the free- 
holders, enclosed from the " waste." Previously, however, 
services had been conducted in a cottage at Maltkiln. The 
situation looking down Bradford dale is a very desirable 




Allerton Wesleyan Chapel. 

one, although the prospect is very different from that which 
met the eye even when the first chapel was built. We 
have been told by a neighbour that within his recollection 
not a single factory chimney was to be seen from his door. 
A new school was erected in the rear of the chapel about 
1858. The old chapel underwent considerable improve- 
ment in 1867, involving an outlay of .1300, which was 
cleared off at the time. 

In September, 1886, the foundation-stone of the present 
Wesleyan Chapel was laid by the late Mr. James Wood, of 



808 History of Allertwt. 

Oaks Villa. The new chapel stands upon the site of the 
old one in Greenbank Road, and presents a very com- 
manding appearance. A conspicuous feature in the front 
fa9ade is an open portico of the Doric order, which, in 
conjunction with the large three-light gable window and 
moulded pediment, forms a very attractive centre-piece. 
Both front elevation and side wings are entirely of cleansed 
ashlar stone. The edifice affords accommodation for 680 
worshippers. The architect was the late Mr. Herbert Isitt, 
of Bradford, and the cost of the structure about 3 500. 
Towards this amount a sum of fully 2500 was subscribed 
at the laying of the foundation-stone. The opening services 
were held on June 13, 1887, when the dedicatory sermon 
was preached by the Rev. Richard Roberts, of London, 
ex-President of the Conference. The debt upon the 
property, amounting to about 950, was entirely cleared 
off by a huge bazaar effort made during the year 1895. 
The first Wesleyan parsonage at Allerton was erected 
in 1893. 

THE BAPTISTS. 

The Baptist Chapel at Sandy Lane Bottom was built 
in 1824, and has since been rebuilt. Although just within 
the township of Heaton, it really belongs to Allerton. 
About 1872 a number of Baptist worshippers came to the 
resolution to erect a place of worship nearer the bulk of 
the population, and by dint of energy and cordial support 
they succeeded in erecting a commodious chapel in Aller- 
ton main street at a cost of .2500, which was opened in 
June, 1873. This building also stands back some distance 
and has a very pleasing appearance. In the basement is 
a large and lofty school-room. One noticeable feature in 
connection with this erection is that it has displaced the 
Pinfold, and so far as we know, the disappearance of that 
formerly indispensable receptacle for " waifs and strays " 
has not been felt to be an insurmountable public loss. 
The main street of Allerton is more than usually fortunate 
in having a goodly array of public buildings fronting to 
it, from which a Pinfold would have detracted. 



History of Allerton. 309 



.ST. PETER'S CHURCH, ALLERTON. 

The first attempt to establish a church at Allerton was 
made in 1870, when a mission-church was built at a cost 
of about 400. Two years later a parsonage was built, 
involving an outlay, including site, of 1160. In 1879 the 
present church of St. Peter's, which had been built at a cost 
of ^3500, was opened, the old building being then used as 
a Sunday school, and in 1884, chiefly through the influence 
of the late Rev. Joseph Ellis, vicar of Wilsden, who 
contributed 1000 to the fund, the church became free 
from debt. The same gentleman also made many generous 
gifts towards the interest on, and repayment of, debts on 
the church and parsonage. By the extinction of the debt 
Allerton became a separate ecclesiastical parish, having 
prior to that formed part of the district of St. Matthew's 
at Wilsden. St. Peter's Church was consecrated in August, 
1884, having been completed five years before that time. 



ALLERTON BRITISH SCHOOL. 

The old British School at Allerton was erected in 1844 
as a mixed school for the children of Allerton " for ever." 
The cost of erection was principally defrayed by subscrip- 
tion, but the site, consisting of some 1400 yards of land, 
was given by Mr. George Baron, a large landed proprietor 
in Allerton. The trust was confided to eighteen residents of 
Allerton. In 1870 the school building was enlarged to the 
extent of about one-third by public subscription, to which 
Messrs. Robertshaw, of Allerton, were large contributors, 
and a grant was also received from the Education Depart- 
ment. The school was carried on by the trustees and 
managers up to the formation, in 1872, of the Allerton 
School Board, and so continued until Allerton became an 
integral portion of the borough in 1882, when the institu- 
tion and building were taken over by the Bradford School 
Board. The erection of the present large and handsome 
Board school, however, deprived the trustees of a good 



310 History of Allerton. 

tenant, and also rendered the old British School unnecessary 
for educational purposes. Under these circumstances the 
Charity Commissioners were moved to sanction a scheme 
for disposing of the property, and utilising the proceeds 
in providing scholarships of the yearly value of ;io, open 
to the children of Allerton at higher grade scholastic insti- 
tutions. This application was successful, and the official 
order dates from January, 1894. The newly-constituted 
body of trustees comprises eleven co-optative members who 
are elected for life, and two representative trustees to be 
nominated by the Bradford School Board. Ultimately the 
trust will be managed by five persons, two being repre- 
sentative and three co-optative. The building and 1400 
yards of land were disposed of by auction in June, 1894, 
and realised ^560. 

The elementary education of the youth of Allerton is 
well provided for in the Central Board school opened in 
1874, that at Fairweather Green, and the Baptist School at 
Sandy Lane, used as a day school. From returns recently 
obtained, we find the accommodation provided in these 
schools to be as follows : 

Allerton Mixed 462 

Infants 313 

Sandy Lane Mixed 256 

Infants 90 

Fairweather Green ... Mixed ... ... 629 

Infants 374 

At Crosley Hall a school-chapel exists, erected by the 
Allerton Congregationalists, and built chiefly of the stone 
previously used in the old Independent Chapel at Allerton. 
The St. Saviour's Mission Church, at Crosley Hall, is an 
outcome of the church of St. Peter's at Allerton. 



THE SAGAR CHARITY. 

The Sagar Charity was a benefaction left to the poor 
of the townships of Clayton, Thornton, Allerton, Wilsden, 
and Denholme by James Sagar, of Allerton, whose will 



History of Allerton. 311 

was dated February I5th, 1665. The clause in the will 
referring to the bequest reads as follows : 

Also I doe devise unto John Sagar, my son, and Thomas Dobson 
aforenamed, and their heirs, In trust for ever, one close of land called 
Randall Well with apptces in Horton, neare Bradford, in the tenure 
of Mary Sagar, sometime the land of Alderman Burkhome, of the 
city of London, of intent to pay forth of the yearly rents thereof 
xxs. unto a preaching minister at the chapel at Thornton, pvided he 
be an able minister, orthodox in his doctrine and judgment, and of 
pious conversation. The remainder of the said yearly rent of the said 
close I will shalbe bestowed amongst the most needful poor within 
the said Chapelry. And if the said Chapel happen to be vacant of a 
minster, or supplied with one that is erroneous or profane, then I will 
that for all that time the whole profits of the said close shall goe to 
the poore of the said Chapelrie and of the towne of Horton aforesaid 
at the discretion of my said feofees and wife. 

James Sagar died in June, 1666, and his will was 
proved in January, 1667. The Randall Well Close, of 
2a. or. I2p., comprised the site of the Alexandra Hotel, 
Horton Road, Bradford. There was formerly an excellent 
spring of water in the field from which it derived its name. 
When this charity was left, it only brought in ^"5 a year, 
and out of that the trustees paid to the minister of 
Thornton Chapel the sum of i yearly, which left .1 to 
be divided amongst the poor of each township. Denholme, 
at that time being in the parish of Thornton, got a portion 
of the share of Thornton, but sixty years ago it got a 
share equal with the other townships. Shortly before 1836 
the land was disposed of for building purposes, and 
Highgate Farm, Clayton Heights, was purchased. Subse- 
quently this property was disposed of, and the amount 
invested. The accounts for 1891 showed the available 
funds at the disposal of the trustees to have amounted to 
172 8s., the amounts disbursed being as follow, viz. : To 
minister of Thornton, 1 ; expenses of meeting-room, &c., 
3 ; clerk's bill, 3 ; Wilsden township, 33 is. 7d. ; 
Denholme township, 33 is. 7d. ; Allerton township, 
33 is. 7d. ; Clayton township, 33 is. 8d. ; Thornton 
township, 33 is. 7d. ; total, ^172 8s. 

For the information given above we are indebted to a 



812 History of Allerton. 

history of the Sagar Charity, compiled by Mr. James 
Parker, of Great Horton, which is a companion to a similar 
handbook on the Horton Charities, also compiled by Mr. 
Parker. 

The Sagar family was among the most influential in 
Allerton two hundred years ago. John Sagar, referred to 
above as the son of the benefactor, was an attorney and 
steward of the Manor Court at Bradford. He died in 1689, 
aged sixty years. The more recent members of the Sagar 
family owned and occupied Ley Top Farm, the last who 
lived there being known as Sam Sagar. 




History of Allerton. 818 



CHAPTER V. 



HISTORIC RESIDENCES. 

Shuttleworth Hall (illustrated) The Sunderland Family Peter and Samuel 
Sunderland fohn and Joseph Pollard The Manor of Crosley The Knights 
Hospitallers Crosley Hall. 

SHUTTLEWORTH HALL. 

Of the ancient possessors of the soil, the De Lacies, 
the De Thorntons, the Boilings, and the Tempests, no 
landmarks remain in Allerton to mark the time, now eight 
hundred years ago, since the first of them held sway there. 
At Fairweather Green, however, there is an old building 
called Shuttleworth Hall, in good preservation, which, if 
not previously owned by any of the above great families, 
is of interest on its own account. Since the enclosure of 
Fairweather Green an approach has been made to the Hall 
from Thornton Road, but formerly the road to it was by 
way of Lady Royd. At that period Fairweather Green 
was really a " green," or piece of common land, whereon 
were held Chartist meetings, camp meetings, " knur-and- 
spell " matches, and other similar gatherings. Beanland's 
collieries, which supplied coal to Bradford and the country 
side, were worked close by on the outskirts of the Green. 

Shuttleworth Hall was the former abode of a branch 
of the Sunderland family of High Sunderland, near Halifax. 
Of the parent stock one member of it, named Richard 
Sunderland, married a daughter of Sir Richard Saltonstall, 
Lord Mayor of London, and had three sons, named 
Abraham, Peter, and Samuel. Abraham died in Pontefract 
Castle, where his son, Langdale Sunderland, held a command 
in the Royalist cause during the Civil Wars. The brothers, 



314 History of Allerton. 

Peter and Samuel, became London merchants, probably 
clothiers, and each made a large fortune. It was creditable 
to their local patriotism that both should bestow some of 
their acquired wealth upon objects connected with the scenes 
of their youth. Samuel Sunderland made a large benefac- 
tion to Hipperholme Grammar School, probably his alma 
mater. Peter during the same year (1671) endowed the 
" afternoon lectureship " at the Bradford Parish Church with 
40 per annum out of his property in Kirkgate, which 
included the old Talbot Inn, besides making benefactions 
to other local charities. Peter Sunderland was also one of 
the original Governors and a benefactor of the Bradford 
Grammar School, incorporated by Charter in 1663. Both 
Samuel and Peter Sunderland returned to reside in this 
neighbourhood Samuel at Hill End, Harden, and Peter 
at Fairweather Green. 

Peter Sunderland, like his brother Samuel, died without 
issue, although he was twice married. Peter died in 1678, 
at about sixty years of age, and must have left as his 
second wife a widow much younger than himself, as she 
married again, and very quickly after his death, judging by 
an entry in the diary of the Rev. Oliver Heywood, thus 

Mr. Shuttleworth, of Clitheroe, married Mrs. Sunderland, of 
Fairweather Green, October, 1678. Her husband, Peter Sunderland, 
left her 5000 in money, and ,80 per annum in land He (Shuttle- 
worth) a -wanting man, twenty-four years old, has little. 

In his will Peter Sunderland left the bulk of his estate 
to his widow. To Langdale Sunderland, his nephew, he 
left 100, adding "and I remit the 200 he owes me." 
This amount no doubt had been advanced during the 
temporary difficulties of the Royalist captain during his 
composition with the Commonwealth. To Brian Sunderland, 
Langdale's son, he left a gold ring, and a cabinet "which 
was my brother Robert's." In 1685 Brian Sunderland's 
name appears at the head of the Allerton " new rents," 
being assessed at 3 6s. Next comes Richard Sunderland 
for i 6s. 6d., these two being the only persons on the 
list who are styled "Mr." 



History of Allerton. 815 

Richard Shuttleworth, who married Mrs. Sunderland, 
was of the family of Nicholas Shuttleworth, who in 1668 
was lessee of the Bradford Soke Mills, which continued in 
their possession till the middle of the eighteenth century. 
It will thus be seen that the name by which Shuttle- 
worth Hall is still known was not that of the original 
possessors. 

Another family associated with Shuttleworth Hall was 
the Pollards, of which the veteran Joshua Pollard, Esq., 
of Scarr Hill, was a memher. The initials of John or 
Joseph Pollard, and Mary, his wife, appear on an out- 
building, formerly used as a maltkiln. Originally the 
Shuttleworth Hall estate comprised about 300 acres, but 
became divided during the eighteenth century, when Joseph 
Pollard, of Great Horton, purchased a portion of the home- 
stead and land for 525. He must have been a man of 
substance, as by his will dated 1763 he devised to his son, 
John Pollard, his property at North Bierley ; also property 
at Allerton, Manningham, Horton, Stanbury, Bingley, &c., to 
his eldest son Joseph. The will of John Pollard, described 
as of Fairweather Green, gentleman, has been traced, in 
which he charges a farm at Horton with .1 is. a year to 
his sister Mary, wife of John Brooksbank, of Horton, besides 
other legacies, and leaves the residue of his real and personal 
estates to his brother, Joseph Pollard, of Fairweather Green, 
and Gilbert Brooksbank, of Horton. Both John and Joseph 
Pollard were bachelors, and were known to the Pollards of 
Scarr Hill as their relatives. The name of another Pollard 
comes into evidence by an indenture dated May, 1760, 
whereby Nicholas Pollard, of Shuttleworth Hall, made 
over to his daughter Mary "all those several closes in 
Manningham called Upper and Lower Lady Royds, and 
Squire Brow, also the water corn mill and kiln situate in 
Allerton, in the tenure of the said Nicholas." The Lady 
Royds and Squire Brow closely adjoin to Shuttleworth 
Hall. 

Shuttleworth Hall is a good specimen of the Elizabethan 
style of architecture, the two wings being probably of later 
date. The central room or house-body is large and lofty, 



816 



History of A Her ton. 



and contains three panes of stained glass bearing the dates 
1627 and 1637, and the initials of the former owners, the 
Sunderland family. This room had formerly a gallery, and 
contained a huge fireplace, with mantelpiece of black oak. 
The central window is nearly six yards long, and is divided 
into twenty sections by stone mullions. Several of the 




Double Cross, Shuttleworth Hall. 

principal rooms are wainscoted in oak, and some very curious 
stone mantelpieces still exist in the upper rooms. The date 
of its erection is supposed to be about the year 1580. The 
property passed into the hands of Mrs. Davidis, of Filey, 
who had it left to her by her uncle, Thomas Hitchen, of 



History of Allerton. 



817 



Saltonstall, and from her it was purchased by the present 
owner, Mr. Alfred Illingworth, of Daisy Bank. Among 
former occupiers were the Waugh family and Mr. Joshua 
Robertshaw. 




Stone Lantern, Beckfoot, Cottingley. 

Above the front entrance to Shuttleworth Hall there 
is a double cross in stone resembling this mark ^ 
but which will be more readily discerned in the accom- 



818 History of A Her ton. 

panying sketch. This emblem represents the badge of 
the dissolved Order of the Knights of St. John of 
Jerusalem, sometimes styled the Hospitallers, an Order 
similar to and contemporary with the Knights Templars. 
The Order in question and their tenants and retainers 
enjoyed many privileges and immunities, to be more 
especially referred to in the subsequent section, such as 
exemption from soke dues, tithes, and other imposts, and 
in order to maintain these privileges, the tenants of the 
Order were bound to erect a double cross, called in heraldry 
a patriarchal cross, upon all buildings standing upon ground 
once belonging to the Order. The Order was suppressed 
by an Act of Henry VIII., but the privileges and immunities 
remained, and some of them are exercised and enforced 
at the present time. Examples of the double cross are 
found upon a few old houses in this neighbourhood, 
especially within the manor of Crosley, Bingley, and Pudsey. 
There is a good example of the double cross upon the Old 
Hall in Westgate, Baildon, said to have been erected by 
Francis Bayldon. 

Upon each corner of the picturesque old farmstead at 
Beckfoot, Cottingley, will be found a stone lantern, which 
differs from the double cross, but is equally significant of 
the former rights of the Knights of St John. This old 
place is dated 1617, and was a former residence of the 
Rawson family. An enlarged sketch of the Beckfoot 
lantern is given for comparison. 

THE MANOR OF CROSLEY. 

Crosley Hall, on the opposite side of Thornton Road 
to Shuttleworth Hall, is now only a mean structure, but in 
its original condition it was undoubtedly a more ancient 
building than Shuttleworth Hall. It was also in olden 
times the residence of a family of some substance if not 
of great note in this neighbourhood, and it was from here 
that the celebrated Dr. Richardson, of Bierley Hall, one 
of the few distinguished scientists the district can boast, 
married his first wife, a daughter of John Crosley. 



History of Allerton. 819 

The chief interest attaching to Crosley Hall, however, 
is the fact that it was the ancient manor-house of the 
manor of Crosley, whose lords were the now abolished 
Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. The Knights of St. John 
was an older Order than the Knights Templars, being 
founded at about the period of the Norman Conquest, and 
so called from the Hospital of St. John at Jerusalem, 
that was built for the accommodation of Christian pilgrims, 
and was in connection with the Church of Santa Maria de 
Latina. Their manor of Crosley was not composed of 
contiguous land, but of detached allotments which had been 
granted to the Order by pious admirers in the thirteenth 
century. Many of these allotments lay around Crosley 
Hall. The land on which Shuttleworth Hall was after- 
wards built was one of them. At Denby, about midway 
off Allerton main street, was another, as we find by 
ancient record, thus : 

Henry, son of Swane, of Denby, gave to God and the monks of 
Byland all his land at Denby without keeping any back, except three 
acres, which he had given to the Hospital of Jerusalem in free and 
perpetual alms. 

The manor of Crosley embraced the several townships 
and hamlets of Cottingley, Thwaites, Bingley, Pudsey, and 
Calverley, and the hamlet of Crosley, now Fairweather 
Green. From the year 1620, if not before, the manor of 
Crosley was held by Richard Sunderland, of Coley Hall, 
who held courts leet and baron at the manor house of 
Crosley. In 1649 Peter Sunderland was lord of the manor, 
which in more recent times passed into the hands of the 
Ferrands, of St. Ives. In acknowledgment of the privileges 
granted, occupiers of the houses and lands of the properties 
named yearly pay a small tax to Mr. William Ferrand, of 
St. Ives, as lord of the manor of Crosley, in succession to 
his uncle, the late Mr. W. B. Ferrand. That gentleman 
also possesses the ancient court rolls and other documents 
belonging to the manor. 

Both the Templars and the Hospitallers enjoyed many 
valuable privileges and immunities, some of the latter being 
of a curious nature. The erection of the double cross, 



820 History of Allerton. 

the distinctive badge of the Hospitallers, as a sign of 
exemption from tithes and other imposts, has been already 
referred to. They also enjoyed the manorial prerogatives 
of soke or soccage, all the tenants of their manors being 
bound to grind their corn at their mills. They had the 
right of holding markets, they possessed numerous advow- 
sons of churches, and had license to judge and punish 
their own vassals. The Hospitallers, too, like the Knights 
Templars, had the peculiar privilege of giving spiritual 
comfort and Christian burial during an interdict, and their 
houses possessed the privilege of sanctuary. Another 
singular privilege enjoyed was that they and their tenants 
"be acquitted from cutting the feet of their dogs for ever," 
the inference to be drawn from this being that other less 
favoured subjects had to maim their dogs to prevent them 
from running down game. The men of Allerton now gain 
nothing by this ancient privilege. Proof of wills within 
the manor was one of the privileges enjoyed by these 
knights, and this right was demanded and exercised so 
late as 1795. 

From an abstract of the " Fines and amerciaments " 
within the manors of Bingley, Crosley Hall, and Pudsey, 
beginning with the year 1631 and ending with 1638, 
Richard Sunderland being then lord of the manor, we are 
able to compile a list of those manorial tenants who 
answered to their summonses, either for neglecting to do 
"suit and service" or in other ways coming within the 
penal jurisdiction of the Court Baron of the manor of 
Allerton-cum-Wilsden, which appears to have absorbed 
within its functions the sub-manor of Crosley. A few 
samples only are necessary, and these are taken from the 
list of defaulters about Crosley Hall, viz. : 

s. d. 
William Allerton, for not doing his suit, May, 1631, 

4d. ; the like May, 1634, 4d. o 8 

George Brooke, for not doing his suit, May, 1631, 

4d. ; the like April, 1634, 4d. o 8 

Abram Wade, for not doing his suit, April, 1633 ... 04 
Jonathan Rishworth, for not doing his suit, April, 

1632, 4d. ; the like May, 1634, 4d o 8 



History of Allerton. 821 

s. d. 
Christopher Mitchell, for not doing his suit, May, 

1631, 46. ; the like April, 1633, 4d. o 8 

John Drake, for not doing his suit, April, 1633, 4d. ; 

the like April, 1638, 4d o 8 

Joseph Rollings, for not doing his suit, April, 1633, 

4d. ; the like May, 1634, 4d. o 8 

In an indenture, dated 1616, Crosley Hall is described 
by that name, as being " parcel of the possessions of the 
late dissolved Priory of St. John of Jerusalem." It was 
then in the occupation of one Robert Clayton, yeoman. In 
1647 a deed of settlement was drawn up between Thomas 
Crosley, of Stainland ; Thomas Crosley, his son and heir ; 
and John Clayton, of Crosley Hall, yeoman, securing one- 
fourth part of the Crosley Hall estate upon the marriage 
of Thomas Crosley, jun., with Grace Clayton, a daughter 
of John Clayton. In 1658 a deed of partition of Crosley 
Hall and the estate was signed by the above Thomas 
Crosley, then of Hullen Edge, near Halifax, and Grace, 
his wife, whereby Thomas Ledgard, and Mary, his wife 
(another daughter of John Clayton), took for their part 
" all that upper or west end of Crosley Hall, late in the 
occupation of John Clayton, deceased, with the garden, 
laith, and appurtenances lying on the west side " ; and 
Thomas Crosley and his wife took for their part " all that 
other part of the said messuage lying below the through 
entry, late in the tenure of Thomas Ledgard, and also the 
garden, barn, and other outbuildings commonly used with 
the lower end of the house." The Hall has ever since 
remained as two tenements, although both are known as 
Crosley Hall. 

In 1677 Thomas Ledgard and his wife sold to Isaac 
Hollings, of Clayton, their moiety of the estate for 450, 
and thus we have the connection of the family from whom 
were descended Joseph, Thomas, and John Hollings, of 
Cottingley and Manningham. 

The Bradford Parish Church registers for 1686 contain 

the entry " Baptised, Martha, daughter of Thomas Hollings, 

of Crosley Hall." In 1704 "Died, John Hollings, of 

Crosley Hall." In 1710 "Died, Mary, wife of John 

w 



322 History of Allerton. 

Rollings, of Crosley Hall." In 1718" Died, Isaac Rollings, 
of Crosley Hall, gentleman." 

As already stated, it was from Crosley Hall that the 
celebrated Dr. Richardson, of Bierley Hall, married his first 
wife, the only daughter and heiress of John Crosley, of 
Crosley Hall, and Kirshaw House, Halifax. The indenture 
of marriage settlement is dated December i6th, 1699, 
whereby John Crosley and his wife, Abigail, conveyed to 
trustees a moiety of Crosley Hall, to wit, the east end of 
the house (that retained by the Crosleys), also the land 
named in the deed of partition going with it, to the use 
of Richard Richardson and his intended wife, Sarah, and 
to the children of the marriage, if any ; failing issue, to his 
heirs. Dr. Richardson's wife died within three years of the 
marriage, leaving no issue, and he married again, namely, 
Dorothy, daughter of Henry Currer, Esq., of Kildwick. 

This portion of the Crosley Hall estates was disposed 
of by the second Dr. Richardson to John Hill, apothecary 
and physician. John Hill, apothecary, formerly of Bradford, 
was a man of some note. He was the heir-at-law of the 
Rev. Thomas Hill, whose wife was Mary Hollings, of 
Crosley Hall. He afterwards removed to Islington, London, 
and died there. Crosley Hall and surrounding land passed 
into other hands, and have for some years back belonged 
to the Fairbanks and Dalbys. 

Quite a colony of houses and manufacturing premises 
have grown up about Fairweather Green within the past 
twenty years. Educational facilities are amply provided in 
the Board school not only for the present but for some time 
to come ; and there is also a mission church, St. Saviour's, 
an outgrowth of St Peter's, at Allerton, as well as a 
Congregational school-chapel, being a branch from the 
parent church at Allerton. 




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History of Allerton. 828 



CHAPTER VI. 
TOPOGRAPHICAL. 

Chellow Dean (illustrated] Oaks Lane Ellercroft Alderman Jonas Whitley 
(portrait) The Grange Fairbank Family Allerton Hall The Old Workhouse 
(illustrated) Old Houses in Allerton Lanes (illustrated) Bailey Fold 
(illustrated) Joseph Lister Accepted Lister. 

CHELLOW DEAN. 

Having already given such information as circumstances 
and the space at our disposal seemed to justify, we propose 
to devote this closing chapter to a topographical ramble, so 
far as the southern side of Allerton is concerned, inasmuch 
as it comprises almost all the old residences in the township. 
Before doing so, however, we shall take a passing glimpse 
at Chellow Dean, on the northern boundary, which holds 
the palm, so far as natural beauty is concerned. 

Any one conversant with the locality of which we are 
treating will readily acknowledge that Chellow Dean is one 
of the most delightful places, not only in the township of 
Allerton, but within the whole range of local scenery. It 
is a bonny spot at any time of the year, not less interesting 
in spring, summer, autumn, or winter. 

Here the smooth trunks 
Of ash, or lime, or beech, distinctly shine 
Within the twilight of their distant shades, 

while the sloping banks are in their season the abode of 
the wild hyacinth and primrose, succeeded by a prolific 
growth of that most abundant of the fern family the 
common brake. Here also, embosomed in trees whose 
luxuriant foliage forms the skyline and fringes the water's 
edge, are the two supply reservoirs of the Bradford Corpo- 
ration, and in their construction we have the combination, 



824 History of Allerton. 

rarely successful, of Nature and Art. The situation is 
admirably adapted to the purpose for which it has been 
utilised. These reservoirs are supplied from an excellent 
spring at Manywell Heights, in the Hewenden valley. 

This spring is one of the most extraordinary in the 
kingdom, its volume, unceasingly poured forth, having been 
computed at above half a-million gallons a day. The water 
is as cold as ice and as clear as crystal. This priceless 
spring has been found to issue from a fissure in the rock a 
short distance from the surface, whence it literally gushes 
forth into a massive basin, and flows direct to Bradford, 
seven miles away, the water being conducted in pipes or 
conduits to the store reservoirs at Chellow Dean, and from 
thence to the service reservoir on Whetley Hill. What an 
inexhaustible source this must have seemed in comparison 
with that from Haycliffe Hill, which was stored in the little 
reservoir behind Judy Barrett's, in Westgate, previous to 
the establishment of the Bradford Water Company in 1842! 
It is, however, but a bucketful compared to the provision 
of to-day. The splendid stream of Manywells, although 
cheap at ten times its price, was not, however, secured 
without opposition from the millowners on the Harden 
Beck, who were appeased by the construction of the 
Hewenden Reservoir, which holds 70,000,000 gallons, and 
has a water area of fourteen acres. The Manywells Spring 
is locally known as " Seth Spring," the farm on which it is 
situated having belonged to Seth Wright, from whom it 
was purchased by the old Waterworks Company for some- 
thing short of 2000. 

OAKS LANE. 

Having already made ample reference to Shuttleworth 
Hall and Crosley Hall, we now resume our ramble along 
the southern slopes of Allerton. 

The situation of the old habitations stretching from 
Shuttleworth Hall to Upper Green is extremely beautiful. 
The land has a southerly aspect, and is open to the fresh 
breezes from the moorlands. In olden times they were 



History of Allerton. 325 

approached by the old pack-horse road previously referred 
to, which might have been considered a tolerable thorough- 
fare in those times, but which, to put the case mildly, is 
susceptible of improvement now. This is known as Oaks 
Lane. This old thoroughfare was of more importance to 
the community even a century or so ago than at present, 
and was evidently the subject of dispute as to rights of 
way. This we gather from an agreement entered into 
between John Hodgson, the owner of Oaks Farm, and 
Dr. Hill, the owner of Leventhorpe Mill, and dated 
July 31, 1772. The agreement was as follows: 

I John Hodgson of Birks in Horton in the Parish of Bradford 
in the County of York, Merchant, being owner of a Farm, called 
Oaks, in Allerton in the Parish of Bradford aforesaid, do hereby 
acknowledge, that the Lane, called Oaks-Lane, leading betwixt 
AIlerton-Lee and Fairweather-Green in Allerton aforesaid is a very 
ancient way to Leventhorp Mill in Thornton, and that John Hill of 
Bradford aforesaid, Batchelor of Physick, present owner of the said 
Mill, and his ancestors, and their, and his tenants in Allerton-cum- 
Wilsden, and Thornton, and all the suitors, and customers of the said 
Mill, and all other persons whatsoever going to and returning from 
the said Mill may pass, and repass, with horses laden and unladen, 
up and down the said Lane, called Oaks-Lane, at his, and their free 
will and pleasure without asking any leave of any person, or making 
any satisfaction : And I do hereby promise and agree, that the said 
John Hill, his heirs and assigns, and his, and their tenants, suitors, 
customers, and other persons going to and returning from the said 
Mill, shall and may from time to time and at all times hereafter so 
long as the said Mill shall be the property of the said John Hill, his 
heirs or assigns, pass up and down the said Lane to and from the 
said Mill with Horses laden and unladen at his and their free will 
and pleasure without any molestation or disturbance of or from me 
the said John Hodgson, or of, or from any other person, or persons 
claiming, or to claim by, from, or under me, and without making any 
satisfaction for the same, as witnesseth my hand this thirty-first day 
of July in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy-two. 

ELLERCROFT. 

Near to Oaks Farm are two villa residences of superior 
appearance, called Ellercroft and Carlton Villa. They 
were erected by Alderman Jonas Whitley and his partner 
in business, Mr. Thomas Bairstow Fox. Mr. Whitley's 



326 History of Allerton. 

residence took its name from that of the close of land 
forming the site. The situation is very pleasing, commanding, 
as it does, the Thornton valley, which in olden times was 
better known as Bradford-dale, and a fine sweep of country 
eastward and westward. In Alderman Whitley Allerton 
possesses a resident of sterling parts, and the first to occupy 
the high position of Mayor of Bradford. Although not a 
native of Allerton he has for so long a portion of his life 
been associated with it as to have earned the distinction. As 
a matter of fact, Alderman Whitley was born at Heaton, 
his father being David Whitley, who married Martha, one 
of the numerous and long-lived progeny of Solomon and 
Betty Clark, alluded to in the Heaton section of this volume. 
Alderman Whitley, however, only passed a few months of 
his existence at Heaton, when domestic arrangements in- 
volved his removal to Horton Green, and subsequently to 
Fairweather Green, Allerton. Early in life Mr. Whitley 
was apprenticed to Thomas Clayton, woolstapler, whose 
place of business was near the end of Thornton Road, 
Bradford. Estimated by present-day practice, his appren- 
ticeship reached to an abnormal length, namely, for nine 
years, but the experience gained during that period of 
probation so developed a knowledge of English and foreign 
wool that at a very early age he became Mr. Clayton's 
foreman. The knowledge thus gained was of an all-round 
character. It was acquired during an auspicious period in 
the history of the Bradford trade, when alpaca and mohair 
were, as they have latterly become, important items in that 
industry. Cashmere fibre was not so much in vogue then 
as now, but it came within Mr. Whitley's daily grasp. 
Messrs. Helliwell & Crabtree took up Mr. Clayton's business, 
and for about seven years Alderman Whitley acted as their 
manager. During the year 1862 he commenced business 
in partnership with Mr. T. Bairstow Fox, a business connec- 
tion which continued with amity and profit for about thirty 
years. In 1892 Alderman Whitley retired from this partner- 
ship and from business altogether. 

For some time before becoming associated with muni- 
cipal affairs at Bradford, Alderman Whitley was a member 




A/ipleton & Co., 



Bradford. 



Aid. JONAS WHITLEY. 



History of Allerton. 327 

of the Local Board of Allerton, and was chairman of 
the Board for two years. In November, 1890, he was 
elected councillor of the Exchange Ward of the borough, 
and in November, 1893, was elected Mayor of Bradford, 
being also raised to the aldermanic bench on the death of 
Alderman Ezra W. Hammond. Mr. Whitley has also been 
on the Council of the Chamber of Commerce, and is 
chairman of the Board of Directors of the Bradford 
Commercial Bank, having also served as overseer for 
Bradford. He was for a long time on the Board of 
Management of the Bradford Infirmary, and is one of the 
assessors of the Bradford County Court, under the Judicature 
Act. During the year 1878 Alderman Whitley was invited 
by the Prince of Wales to be a juror at the Paris Exhibition, 
and in return received a gold medal and a proof engraving 
of His Royal Highness, with his autograph. In 1855 Mr. 
Whitley married a daughter of Mr. Joseph Robertshaw, of 
Allerton, and has a son, Edward Bairstow Whitley, and 
four daughters, all of whom are married. In addition to 
his Ellercroft residence, Alderman Whitley purchased the 
Hilton Manor estate in Cleveland, which embraces the whole 
parish of Hilton, and carries with it the presentation to St. 
Peter's Church, Hilton. 

ALLERTON GRANGE. 

Passing along Oaks Lane, in the direction of Allerton, 
we come to the Grange, another old settlement, which, 
there is evidence for assuming, was probably at one time 
a dependency on Selby Abbey. In more recent times, the 
Fairbank family of Allerton were more especially associated 
with the Grange. This family had possessions in Allerton 
long prior to the enclosure of the waste lands in 1844, as 
is evident from the terms of the Award then made, their 
freeholds embracing lands abutting upon Allerton Ley, 
and also in the neighbourhood of Crosley Hall. They 
were engaged in various occupations farming, colliery 
workings, and manufactures. As already stated in the 
chapters on Girlington, they worked the coal in that 



828 History of A Her ton. 

locality as well as in other districts. One member of the 
family also owned and ran Brick Lane Mill, Bradford, which 
was disposed of many years ago, and afterwards erected 
Hedge Nook Mill, Allerton. Of the "older end" of this 
family, Old Willy Fairbank, of the Grange, will be remem- 
bered for the generally active part he took in town's affairs 
at Allerton. John Fairbank, of Crosley Hall, was brother 
to old Willy. David Fairbank belonged to the later 
generation, and few Allertonians were better known 
than he. Mr. William Fairbank was long connected with 
the Allerton Local Board, and was one of the first 
councillors for Allerton Ward after the annexation to 
the borough. Mr. James Fairbank, of Gilstead, is the 
surviving representative of the old stock of the Fairbank 
family. 

ALLERTON HALL. 

Still continuing on the old pack-horse road from the 
Grange, we plod along till we come in sight of Allerton 
Hall. Allerton Hall is only of modern erection, having 
been built in 1777 by the Firth family, Joshua Firth, who 
resided here, was a man of some note, and had a bank, 
from which he issued notes, called " Firth notes." At 
that time and afterwards, when Benjamin Kaye went to it, 
the buildings surrounding the Hall were a busy hive of 
industry. Mr. Kaye was in the cotton trade, and gave out 
pieces to weavers in the immediate district. His market 
was then Manchester, to which place he sent a team every 
week, three days being consumed in going and returning- 
The ancient pack horse, however, was the principal mode 
of conveyance, and it was no uncommon occurrence to see 
strings of these primitive carriers, with a bell attached to 
the first animal, picking their way, as best they could, up 
the " bridle stye " from School Green, or by way of Shuttle- 
worth Hall, past the Oaks and Allerton Grange, to their 
destination. The price for a cotton piece weaving was at 
that time 93. An equal length of the manufactured article 
may now be bought for less money. 

Mr. H. R. Ramsbotham, of Leventhorpe Mill, was 



History of Allerton. 



329 



formerly an occupier of Allerton Hall. He was the son 
of the Ramsbotham who erected the first Bradford worsted 
mill, namely, that in the Holme, Thornton Road. After 
being for some time a partner with Messrs. John and 
William Rand, of Bradford, Mr. H. R. Ramsbotham 
commenced the business at Leventhorpe Mill, still carried 
on there by members of the Ramsbotham family. Mr. 
Ramsbotham died unmarried at Finchley, in Surrey, in 
1880. Allerton Hall and farm are now the property 
of Sir F. S. Powell, M.P. 



THE OLD WORKHOUSE. 

Near to Allerton Hall is a building generally styled 
the old Workhouse, now a farmhouse, which is also the 
property of Sir F. S. Powell, who owns most of the land 
on the slopes of the hill up to Upper Green. The original 




The Old Workhouse. 



name, however, was Dean House, and it was so called in 
a document before us, dated 1787, when, with six closes of 
land adjoining, the building was let to be used as a Work- 
house. The closes of land were called the Ing, Upper and 



880 History of Allerton. 

Lower Swainroyd, Well Field, Little Field, and Pickles 
Croft. The rental of the whole was to be 22 per annum 
on a fourteen years' lease. The owner in 1787 was Joshua 
Firth, who lived at Allerton Hall, and a copy of the agree- 
ment between him and the then overseers of Allerton is 
reproduced : 

Articles of Agreement made concluded and agreed upon this 
seventh Day of December in the Year of our Lord 1787 Between 
Joshua Firth of Allerton in the Parish of Bradford in the County of 
York Gentleman of the one part and John Booth of Allerton aforesaid 
Stuffmaker and Joshua Garnett of the same place Farmer (Overseers 
of the Poor for the said Township of Allerton) of the other part (as 
follow) 

The said Joshua Firth agrees to Lett unto the said John Booth 
and Joshua Garnett All that Dwellinghouse situate and being in 
Allerton aforesaid called the Dean House to be by them used as 
Work-House for the said Township together with a Barn and all 
other Buildings occupied therewith And also six Closes of Land lying 
near thereto and now occupied therewith containing by Estimation 
sixteen Days Work (be the same more or less) which said Premises 
now late in the Possession of James Moor To hold from the Day of 
the Date hereof for the Term of fourteen Years At and under the 
clear yearly Rent of twenty-two Pounds payable on the Feasts of 
Pentecost and Saint Martin the Bishop in Winter by even and equal 
Portions, the first Payment to be made on the Feast Day of Pentecost 
next ensuing the Date hereof. 

In Consideration whereof the said John Booth and Joshua Garnett 
do hereby for themselves and the succeeding Overseer and Overseers 
for the said Township covenant promise and agree to and with the 
said Joshua Firth to pay the said yearly Rent at the Days and times 
before mentioned And also to pay all Taxes and Assessments for and 
during the said Term wherewith the said Premises shall be charged 
And also to keep all the said Premises in" good repair and condition 
And also that they will not at any time during the said Term plow 
grave or rive up any Part of the Close of Land hereby demised called 
the Ing under the House nor above one third Part of the Rest of the 
Land during the three last Years of the said Term and upon one 
and the same Place And also that they will eat consume and spend 
all the Hay Straw Fodder and Produce upon the said Premises 
which during this Demise shall grow or arise thereupon And at the 
Expiration thereof shall and will leave all the Manure Dung and 
Ashes which shall be bred upon or produced from the said Premises 
and not then sett forth thereon in and upon some Part thereof for 
the Use and Benefit of the said Joshua Firth without requiring any 



History of Allerton. 881 

recompence for the same And it is agreed between the said Parties 
that the said John Booth and Joshua Garnett and the succeeding 
Overseer and Overseers of the Poor for the said Township of Allerton 
shall have the Use and Occupation of the said Closes of Land until 
the thirteenth Day of February and of the Buildings until the twelfth 
Day of May next after the Expiration of the said Term of fourteen 
Years. And that a Lease shall be immediately made and executed 
agreeable to the Terms aforesaid and with the other usual covenants 
As Witness their Hands. 

JOSHUA FIRTH. 

JOHN BOOTH. 

JOSHUA GARNETT. 
Witness Rich. Hodgson. 

The agreement was attested by the following ratepayers 
of Allerton, viz.: James Booth, Joshua Moore, James Shaw, 
Thomas Dolby, John Dolby, John Ogden, Jonas White, 
Jonathan Illingworth, William Fairbank, Thomas Illingworth, 
Joseph Craven, Paul Pollard. Within present recollection 
the workhouse-master was Miles Birkbeck, and the matron 
Abigail Ackroyd. Dean House, or the old Workhouse, is 
a good specimen of the class of residences of the period, 
and of which a sketch is appended. 



OLD HOUSES. 

In Allerton Lanes, close by, is another old residence, 
the date over the doorway being 1637, the initials below 
the date being I.H.S. In a portion of this building 
lived Will Pollard, a well-known town's official. His 
predecessor in office was James Shaw, who was also 
steward for Dicky Hodgson, of ancient repute. We have 
previously alluded to the old Court-house, which stood at 
the entrance to the Lanes, and which would undoubtedly 
be a more ancient building than any yet mentioned. The 
house above referred to may either have belonged to the 
Hollings or Sagar families, both influential in 1637. 

The cluster of houses in Allerton Lanes, lying snugly 
under the hillside, is probably the oldest part of Allerton. 
Carrying the mind no farther back than to the time of the 
Stuarts, what startling bits of gossip must the inhabitants 



832 



History of Allerton. 



of Allerton Lanes have had brought to them by some 
passer-by from " Bradforth " at time and time ! Gunpowder 
Plot, the Petition of Rights, the Long Parliament, the 
beheading of Charles I., the progress of the Thirty Years' 




Old Doorway in Allerton Lanes. 

War, the Restoration, the Plague, the Great Fire, the 
Revolution, and the advent of William of Orange, would 
all come within their category of "owt fresh." 



BAILEY FOLD. 

At Bailey Fold, which is but a short distance from 
Allerton Lanes, there is an old house, built probably in 
1612, with the initials I. B. over the door. The letters 
probably refer to Joshua Bailey, the builder. Joseph Lister, 



History of Allerton. 



833 



the historian of the siege of Bradford, resided here from 
1660, and it was here that his gifted son, Accepted Lister, 
was born in the year 1671. Joseph Lister was born in 
Bradford in 1627, and died in 1708 or 1709. He received 
his education at the Bradford Grammar School. 

Joseph Lister, in the account he wrote of his life and 
the eventful times during the Civil Wars, relates that when 
he was about fourteen years of age he was apprenticed " to 
a godly man at Horton to learn a trade." This would be 




Bailey Fold. 

John Sharp, of Little Horton, the father of Abraham Sharp, 
the celebrated mathematician, and the trade which he went 
to learn was that of clothier. When the Civil Wars broke 
out in 1642, as all trade was at a standstill in Bradford, 
his master gave him his liberty, and wished him to do the 
best he could for himself. He then went to Halifax, and 
worked at his trade, but gave that up, and went to London 
in the waggon of a Sowerby carrier, and for some time 



884 History of Allerton. 

lived as a servant in different families. After this he 
returned to Bradford, and here, at the age of thirty, he 
married one Sarah Denton, by whom he had two children, 
David, who was born in Bradford, and Accepted, who was 
born at Bailey Fold, Allerton. After his removal to Bailey 
Fold, Lister was visited there by Oliver Heywood, one of 
the ejected ministers under the Act of 1662. Joseph 
himself sometimes preached, "as a gifted brother," at the 
old Kipping Chapel, Thornton, where he usually worshipped. 

David Lister, the eldest son of Joseph Lister, was 
intended for the ministry, and died in 1677. Accepted 
Lister, the younger son, was educated under Matthew Smith, 
at Mixenden, and was ordained by Mr. Frankland, Mr. 
Heywood, and Mr. Thorpe (all ejected ministers), on the 
6th of June, 1694, at the meeting house, Little Horton. 
He first settled at Kipping, but removed thence to Bingley 
in 1695, from whence he returned to Thornton. On Sunday, 
February 2ist, 1708 or 1709, he preached twice at Kipping, 
and administered the Lord's Supper, and on Thursday 
following, 25th February, died of apoplexy. Joseph Lister 
died just fourteen days after his son, and they both lie 
buried in Thornton chapel-yard. 

The "Autobiography of Joseph Lister," contains an 
historical narrative of events occurring in his time, including 
an interesting account of the "Siege of Bradford" and the 
movements of the Royalist and Parliamentarian forces in 
Bradford and neighbourhood. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



PATRONS' EDITION. 

George Ackroyd, J.P., North Park Road, Manningham. 

William Ackroyd, The Wheatleys, Birkenshaw. 

John Ambler, J.P., Heaton Mount. 

Samuel Ambler, Fernhill Road, Shipley. 

George Ambler, Kirklands, Baildon. 

Herbert F. Anderton, Bolton Royd, Manningham. 

W. H. Aykroyd, West View, Manningham. 

Charles L. Atkinson, Tyrrel Street Chambers, Bradford. 

Destin W. Asman, Fairfield Road, Manningham. 

John Appleyard, M.D., Clifton Villas, Manningham. 

Edward Briggs, J.P., Westwood, Ilkley. 

Charles Briggs, Hollingreave House, Horton. 

George Bolton, Selborne Villas, Manningham. 

James Burnley, J.P., Bramhope Hall, Wharfedale. 

Alfred W. Brailsford, Oak Lane, Manningham. 

George Battye, Woodlands, Frizinghall. 

Alderman Dennis Bottomley, Kensington Street, Girlington. 

W. Gtlchrist Burnie, M.D., St. Paul's Road, Manningham. 

Joseph Arthur Binns, Official Receiver, Bradford. 

Brear & Company, Limited, Booksellers, Bradford. 

Bradford Library and Literary Society, Darley Street. 

Bradford Corporation Free Library, Darley Street. 

Joseph Cawthra, Horton Hall, Bradford. 

Councillor Charles Crabtree, Heaton Grove, Frizinghall. 

Thomas Craig, J.P., Alston Lodge, Chellow Dean. 

C. H. Cooper, Netherwood, Frizinghall. 
W. H. Collins, Beckett's Bank, Bradford. 
Lee Clough, Bradford Banking Company. 

D. W. Chettle, Halifax Joint Stock Bank, Bradford 
Brian Cowgill, Tanfield Chambers, Bradford. 

J. B. Childe, Farfield House, Buttershaw. 
Abraham Cordingley, Lyndhurst, Frizinghall. 
Bernhard Cohen, Park Royd, Manningham. 



888 LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 

Councillor Edward Dobson, Tarn Grange, Baildon. 
J. Norton Dickons, Oak Villas, Manningham. 
James Drummond, Emm Royd, Heaton. 
John Drummond, Manningham Thorpe. 
Charles Drummond, Knottfield, Rawdon. 
Councillor Heber Duckworth, Highgate, Heaton. 

G. J. Evans, Bridge Street, Bradford. 

Colonel Foster, M.P., Hornby Castle, Lancaster. 

William Fison, J.P., Greenholme, Burley-in-Wharfedale. 

William Ferrand, J.P., St. Ives, Bingley. 

Smith Feather, J.P., The Rookery, Baildon. 

John Farrah, Low Harrogate. 

C. A. Federer, Hallfield Road, Bradford. 

William Firth, Whetley Cottage, Manningham. 

John Fawell, Crow Trees, Daisy Hill. 

Joseph Foster, Blenheim Road, Manningham. 

John Arthur Godwin, J.P., Spring Bank, Manningham. 

James Gordon, Heaton Rise, Heaton. 

John Edward Gaunt, Rosenau, Ilkley. 

Thomas A. Guy, Carlton Place, Horton. 

Frederick C. Galloway (the late), Greenfield House, Bowling. 

William Glossop, Heaton Grove, Frizinghall. 

John Gill, Victor Road, Manningham. 

Angus Holden, M.P., Woodlands, Manningham. 

Alfred Harris, J.P., Lunefield, Kirkby Lonsdale. 

William Hey, Oak Villas, Manningham. 

Alderman John Hardaker, J.P., Ashburnham Grove, Manningham 

John Hindle, Bank Street, Bradford. 

Edwin W. Hall, Russell House, Bradford. 

Titus Hall, Hawkhill House, Guiseley. 

J. G. Hutchinson, jun., M.A., LL.B., Piccadilly Chambers. 

William Hodgson, Halifax Commercial Bank, Bradford. 

Thomas Horsman, The Nurseries, Frizinghall. 

James Hill, J.P., Throstle Nest, Chellow Dean. 

R. Hornshaw, Heaton. 

T. S. Higson, Kirkgate, Shipley. 

Lewis Hains worth, Oak well Cottage, Farsley. 

Alfred Illingworth, Daisy Bank, Manningham. 

Frank H. Illingworth, Daisy Bank, Manningham. 

Mrs. Henry Illingworth, Ladye Royde Hall, Manningham. 

William Illingworth, Newfield Hall, Bell Busk. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 339 

Thomas Illingworth, Ashburnham Grove, Manningham. 
George H. Isitt, Apsley Crescent, Manningham. 
S. H. Isitt, Queen's Road, Manningham. 

Councillor John Atkinson Jowett, Clockhouse, Manningham. 
John R. Jeffery, Elm Bank, North Park Road, Manningham. 
Councillor J. W. Jarratt, J.P., 15, Victor Road, Manningham. 

H. F. Killick, J.P., Piece Hall Yard, Bradford. 
John B. Knight, St. Paul's Road, Manningham. 

Isaac Lancaster, The Hollies, Park Drive, Heaton. 
Edmund Lee, Rydal Bank, Heaton. 
John Lee, Heaton Grove, Frizinghall. 
William C. Lupton, Cheapside, Bradford. 
Thomas Lord, Marley Cottage, Horton Road. 
John Lister, M.A., Shibden Hall, Halifax. 
F. J. Liversidge, Apsley Villas, Manningham. 

Henry Mason, Bankfield, Bingley. 

W. T. McGowen, Town Clerk, Bradford. 

John Maddocks, J.P., Park Drive, Heaton. 

Claude Meeker, United States Consul, Bradford. 

Samuel P. Myers, J.P., Emm Lane, Heaton. 

Sir Henry Mitchell, J.P., Parkfield House, Manningham. 

William Mitchell, Third Equitable Building Society. 

Councillor David Milner, Cambridge Hotel, Otley Road. 

Alderman William Moulson, J.P., Horton Green. 

T. P. Muff, Woodbank, llkley. 

Henry Muff, Aston Mount, Heaton. 

J. B. Moorhouse, Cecil Mount, Horton. 

Eli Milnes, Swan Arcade, Bradford. 

W. Lister Marriner, Greengate House, Keighley. 

Frederick K. March, M.D., Tennyson Place, Bradford. 

Jacob Moser, J.P., Oak Villas, Manningham. 

James McCarte, Everton, Liverpool. 

J. C. Moffatt, Ashfield, Frizinghall. 

Edward Mackay, Woodview, Manningham. 

A. S. J. Musgrave, Clifton Villas, Manningham. 

William Maude, Walmer Villas, Manningham. 

Richard Mawson, Walmer Place, Manningham. 

Charles H. Milthorp, J.P., Blenheim Mount, Manningham. 

Coates Murgatroyd, Glen Royd, Thackley. 

M. Banks Newell, Bridge Street, Bradford. 

Oliver Nicholson, Waterworks Department, Town Hall. 



840 LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 

Sir Francis Sharp Powell, Bart., M.P., Old Hall, Horton. 

George Pearson, Brickendonbury, Hertford. 

J. B. Popplewell, Chellow Dean House, Manningham. 

Alderman Frederick Priestman, J.P., Pierremont, Manningham. 

H. B. Priestman, J.P., Fairfield Road, Manningham. 

Theo. Peel, J.P., Potterton Hall, Barwick-in-Elmet. 

Adolphus Philipp, Mornington Villas, Manningham. 

Councillor W. E. B. Priestley, J.P., Rosemount, Manningham. 

Charles John Paul, Chief Constable, Bradford. 

Rev. George Pedley, St. Philip's Vicarage, Girlington. 

The Earl of Rosse, Birr Castle, Parsonstown, Ireland. 

John Rayner, Manor Row, Bradford. 

Henry Ramsden, Crag Cottage, Great Horton. 

Councillor H. B. Ratcliffe, J.P., Oak Lane, Manningham. 

Josd Reixach, Clifton Villas, Manningham. 

Watson Rogers, Marlborough Road, Manningham. 

Samuel Ryder, Grosvenor Place, Manningham. 

Charles Skidmore, Stipendiary Magistrate, Bradford. 

David Salmond, J.P., Eldermere, Ilkley. 

Isaac Smith, J.P., Field House, Daisy Hill. 

Benjamin Smith, Temple Bank, Manningham. 

James Smith, St. Andrew's Place, Bradford. 

Wheater Smith (Smith & Gotthardt), Bradford. 

Sidney Smith, Bradford District Bank. 

William Smith, Heber's Mount, Ilkley. 

W. G. Stansfield, Bradford Sale Rooms, Forster Square. 

Henry Sutcliffe, Eastmoor, Ilkley. 

Frederick J. R. Sutcliffe, C.E., Low Moor Works. 

James Sharp, Shirley Manor, Wyke. 

John Sowden, Blenheim Road, Manningham. 

Charles Sowden, Springhead House, Sandy Lane. 

Thomas Sowden, Deanroyd, Pearson Lane. 

Harry Speight, Crow Nest Road, Bingley. 

John Schofield, George Street, Bradford. 

J. B. Sleight, Lindum Terrace, Manningham. 

Walter H. Stancomb, Farcliffe Road, Manningham. 

Sir Robert Tempest Tempest, Bart., Tong Hall. 
William H. Townend, J.P., Heaton Hall. 

Rev. Mark Warburton, B.D.. Kilmington Rectory, Bath. 

Councillor David Wade, Oakwood, Toller Lane. 

John Henry Wade, J.P., Oak Avenue, Manningham. 

T. W. Waller, London. 

James Watson, C.E., Corporation Waterworks Engineer, Heaton. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 341 

William Watson, Spring Bank, Manningham. 

George Walker, St. Paul's Road, Manningham. 

John Waterhouse, Sunfield, Allerton. 

David Waterhouse, Hillside House, Bradford. 

Professor Joseph Wright, Ph.D., Oxford. 

James J. Wright, Barrister, Cheapside, Bradford. 

Samuel Wright, Piccadilly, Bradford. 

W. B. Woodhead, C.E., The Exchange, Bradford. 

Mrs. Frederick White, Oaklea, Allerton. 

John White, North Park Road, Manningham. 

Alderman Jonas Whitley, J.P., Ellercroft, Allerton. 

T. A. Williamson, Heaton Grove, Frizinghall. 

John E. Williamson, Heaton Grove, Frizinghall. 

Councillor Joseph Whittingham, Fern Bank, Manningham. 

George Willan, Kensington House, Girlington. 

S. E. Wilson, The Trees, North Park Road. 

John D. Wilson, Highfield Place, Manningham. 

John Wood, Greenside House, Allerton. 



ORDINARY EDITION. 

Arthur Anderton, J.P., Cleckheaton. 
J. Armitage, Victoria Road, Saltaire. 
W. F. Atkinson, Harden Hall. 

J. G. Best, Southfield Square, Manningham. 

Rev. James Barmby, D.D., Vicarage, Northallerton. 

Miss Backhouse, Free Library, Bradford. 

Rev. James Browne, B.A., Springfield Place, Manningham. 

Alderman James Booth, Spring Hall, Halifax. 

J. H. Bell, M.D., Hallfield Road, Bradford. 

George A. Bell, New Lane, Laisterdyke. 

F. C. Barrans, Oak Lane, Manningham. 

Walter Binns, Calverley Grange. 

J. R. Birkinshaw, Marlborough Road, Manningham. 

W. P. Byles, Oakfield, Manningham. 

Samuel T. Briggs, Southfield Square, Manningham. 

Bailey Blackburn, Cliffe Lodge, Baildon. 

John W. Brunton, Gaythorne Road, West Bowling. 

M. Bywater, Moorland House, Low Moor. 

Brear & Company, Limited, Booksellers, Bradford. 

Bradford Free Library Committee. 

Bradford Library and Literary Society, Darley Street. 

Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society. 

Bradford Mechanics' Institute Committee. 



342 LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 

John Cliff, Nisbet Hall, Pudsey. 

John R. Cordingley, Melbourne Place, Horton. 

J. H. Cox, Borough Surveyor, Bradford. 

James Chambers, Town Hall, Bradford. 

Robert E. Child, Grafton Street, Bradford. 

Rhodes Calvert, Forster Square, Bradford. 

Bennett Carter, St. George's Hall, Bradford. 

J. W. Carter, Glenholm Road, Manningham. 

Thomas Crowther, Manor Row, Bradford. 

Frederick Craven, Beckett's Bank Chambers, Bradford. 

Joseph Cooper, Ilkley. 

W. S. Cockcroft, Bradford Old Bank, Girlington. 

William Cockcroft, Bookseller, Girlington. 

Samuel Crabtree, Cranborne Road, Daisy Hill. 

William Croft, Street House, Dudley Hill. 

Arthur Cudworth, Garden Street, Darlington. 

Ernest Cudworth, Sawrey Place, Bradford. 

Rev. Bryan Dale, M.A., St. Paul's Road, Mannirigham. 
J. Norton Dickons, Oak Villas, Manningham. 
Councillor E. P. Duggan, J.P., Ashgrove, Horton. 
W. H. S. Dawson, Town Hall, Bradford. 
James Dewhirst, Brunswick Place, Bradford. 
John Drake, Chellow Dean Cottage. 
Edmund Dracup, Highfield, Dudley Hill. 
Emanuel Dyson, Randall House, Heaton. 
James Dunlop, Marshall Street, Horton. 

Rudolf Eichel, Spring Gardens Road, Heaton. 

Edwin Fawcett, Lidget Green. 

Joseph Fawthrop, Bowling Old Lane. 

William Famish, Northfield Place, Manningham. 

Martin Field, Springmount, Heaton. 

George Field, West Bank, Heaton. 

J. Feather, Colonial Buildings, Sunbridge Road, Bradford. 

John Firth, Fair Road, Wibsey. 

John Firth, Guardian Office, Cleckheaton. 

William Fletcher, Chairman Bradford Board of Guardians. 

Edward Frankland, Carlisle Street, Manningham. 

William Frankland, Carlisle Road, Manningham. 

James Freeman, Randall Terrace, Heaton. 

William M. Gray, Sefton Lodge, Heaton. 

William Greaves, Borough Magistrates' Clerk, Bradford. 

David Goyder, M.D., Great Horton Road. 

Frederick C. Galloway (the late), Greenfield House, Bowling. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 343 

John Edward Gaunt, Rosenau, Ilkley. 
Robert Garnett, Grantham Road, Morton. 
Christopher Greenwood, Gledhill House, Great Horton. 

Alderman Holdsworth, J.P., Woodroyd, West Bowling. 
Frederick Hooper, Chamber of Commerce, Bradford. 
Joseph Harrison, M.D., Hustler Terrace, Bradford. 
Alfred J. Holiday, Featherstone Hall, Pontefract. 
Rev. Richard Howarth, Baptist Minister, Heaton. 
John Howarth, Whetley Lane, Manningham. 
E. R. Halford, Chesham Grove, Horton. 
William Home, F.G.S., Leyburn, Wensleydale. 
Henry Harris, South View, Yeadon. 
Henry Hainsworth, Woodville, Farsley. 
John Hitchen, Tyson Street, Bradford. 

W. H. Ibbetson, Royd House, Manningham. 
Harry Ingham, Plane Place, Allerton. 

Councillor John Atkinson Jowett, Clockhouse, Manningham. 

John S. Jowett, News Office, Brighouse. 

James Jowett, Ann Place, Horton. 

Joseph Judson, Parkfield Road, Manningham. 

Isaac Keighley, Kirkgate, Bradford. 

Seth Lancaster, Wakefield Road, Bradford. 

James Lambert, Fairweather Green. 

J. H. Lincey, Beckett's Bank, Bradford. 

W. H. Ledgard, Grosvenor Road, Manningham. 

James Ledingham, District Bank Chambers, Bradford. 

Dr. Samuel Lodge, Windrush House, Bowling. 

Charles Lund, Third Equitable Building Society, Bradford. 

John L. Morley, J.P., Ashgrove, Horton. 

William McWeeny, Earl Street, Horton. 

Samuel Margerison, Calverley Lodge. 

John M. McLandsborough, C.E., Lindum Terrace, Manningham. 

H. Mahler, North Park Road, Manningham. 

William Mossman, Ovenden, Halifax. 

Walter Middleton, St. Ives Estate Agent, Cottingley Bridge. 

Matthews & Brooke, Booksellers, Bradford. 

E. Naylor, Third Equitable Building Society, Bradford. 
William Narey, Trinity Terrace, Horton. 

John Newbould, Wellesley Terrace, Manningham. 
Alfred Newboult, Rollings Road, Manningham. 

F. W. T. Newboult, Moorhead, Shipley. 



844 LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 

John G. Oddy, Hallcroft Hall, Addingham. 
William Oddy, Manor Street, Bradford. 

James Parker, Pickles Hill, Great Horton. 

Joseph Parkinson, Horton Cottage, Menston. 

George S. Parkinson, Claremont, Horton. 

John Patchett, Mildred Housa Undercliffe. 

Richard Poole, Horton Road, Bradford. 

Alderman Thomas Priestley, J.P., Bank Top House, Horton. 

Frank Peel, Herald Office, Heckmondwike. 

John Y. Preston, Blue Bell Hotel, Windhill. 

Joseph Rawson, Deputy Town Clerk, Bradford. 

F. C. Robinson, Victor Road, Manningham. 

A. Rabagliati, M.D., St. Paul's Road, Manningham. 

Percival Ross, C.E., North Bierley D. C. Offices, Wibsey. 

Joseph Randall, George Street, Sheffield. 

H. Russell Smith, The Exchange, Bradford. 

S. Smith, Moorhead, Shipley. 

Joseph Smith & Margerison, Tanfield Chambers. 

Salt Schools, Shipley. 

W. M. Sowden, St. Mary's Road, Manningham. 

John James Stead, Albert Cottage, Heckmondwike. 

Enoch Shaw, Wilmer Road, Heaton. 

Charles H. Shaw, Thurnscoe Street, Manningham. 

Walter T. Shaw, Spring Gardens Road, Heaton. 

J. R. Singleton, The Knott, Undercliffe. 

John B. Scorah, Horton Lane, Bradford. 

R. W. Silson, Church Street, Manningham. 

John Henry Silverwood, Cornwall Road, Manningham. 

John Schofield, George Street, Bradford. 

Mrs. E. Schofield, Washington Street, Girlington. 

Henry Sutcliffe, Leeds Road, Bradford. 

A. B. Sewell, East Parade, Bradford. 

George Speight, Belmont, Park View Road, Manningham. 

Benjamin Spencer, Carlisle Terrace, Manningham. 

John Spencer, North Park Road, Manningham. 

W. V. Tatham, Oak Lane, Manningham. 

W. H. Tate, Hanover Square, Bradford. 

Rev. J. R. V. Taylor, B.A., Melbecks Vicarage, Richmond. 

Robert Townend, Moorhead Lane, Shipley. 

Councillor J. S Toothill, Godwin Street, Bradford. 

John Virr, Acre Villa, Eccleshill. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 345 

James Wales, J.P., Buckstone, Rawdon. 

A. Weber, St. Paul's Road, Manningham. 

Joseph White, Mornington Villas, Manningham. 

Caleb White, Bond Street, Bradford. 

Councillor Wheater White, White Royd, Halifax. 

Albert White, Allerton. 

Alderman W. Willis Wood, J.P., Mayor of Bradford. 

Butler Wood, Chief Librarian, Corporation Free Library. 

C. T. Wood, Horton Lane, Bradford. 

Jabez Williams, New Lane, Laisterdyke. 

John J. Whitaker, Piece Hall Yard, Bradford. 

Ephraim Watmough, Crag House, Great Horton. 

T. A. Williamson, Heaton Grove, Fminghall. 

John C. Wright, Heaton Grove, Frizinghall. 

James Wright, J.P., New Cross Street, Bowling. 

J. W. Wright, Cecil Avenue, Horton. 

David Waterhouse, Hillside House, Bradford. 

George Walker, Market Street, Bradford. 

Hustler Watson, White Bear Inn, Bradford Moor. 

Samson Ward, Woodroyd Road, Bowling. 

John Whitworth, Howard Street, Horton. 

Joseph Wilson, Springville, Great Horton. 

Henry E. Winn, Victor Street, Manningham. 

Alfred Woolley, Burlington Terrace, Manningham. 

Anna Cliff Woodhead, Victoria Street, Bradford. 

Anna Woodhead, Spring Cliff, Manningham. 

John C. Woodhead, Piccadilly, Bradford. 

James Yates, Public Libraries, Leeds. 




INDEX. 



Abbot of Selby, Lease by ... 225 
Ackroyd, Francis ... 47, 49, 67, 161 

Ackroyd, Robert 58, 161 

Ackroyd, Thomas 58,62,67 

Ackroyd, William 161 

Ackroyd, Samuel 161 

Airedale College 247 

Aked, John 2 

Allen, Rev. T. K., M.A. ... 40 

Allerton, History of 277 

Allerton Ley 281 

Allerton Characteristics ... 282 

Allerton Musicians 283 

Allerton First Enclosure ... 287 

Allerton Freeholders 297 

Allerton Local Board 298 

Allerton, Annexation to Brad- 
ford 299 

Allerton Ward 299 

Allerton Commercial Affairs 300 
Allerton Hand-loom Weavers 300 
Allerton Manufactories ... 302 
Allerton Nonconformity ... 303 
Allerton Congregational 

Chapel 305 

Allerton Congregational 

Sunday Schools 306 

Allerton Wesleyan Chapel ... 306 

Allerton Baptists 308 

Allerton British School ... 309 

Allerton Board School 310 

Allerton Pinfold 308 

Ambler, James 3, 42, 115, 116, 
119, 139, 161 

Ambler, John 117 

Ambler, John, J.P. 41, 123, 221 
Ambler, Jeremiah... no, 123, 221 



PAGE 

Ambler, Thomas 116,117 

Anderton Family 154 

Anderton, John 154 

Anderton, Frederick Win. ...38, 

4i, 154. 155, '5 6 

Anderton, Edwin ... 41, 155, 156 
Anderton, Herbert Foster 41, 156 

Anderton, Jonathan 155 

Anderton, Swithin 155 

Anderton, Samuel Blakey ... 155 

Atkinson, W. Child 35 

Atkinson, Rev. Wm 96 

Atkinson, Samuel 146 

B 

Back Lane School 33 

Baines, Thomas 123 

Bailey Fold, Allerton 332 

Bailey, Joshua 332 

Barber, George, attorney ... 106 

Barmby, Henry 184 

Barmby, Rev. James 265 

Bartlett, Benjamin ... 24, 58 
Bartlett, Benjamin Newton... 122 
Baron, George 86, 106, 145, 146 

Batt, Henry 180 

Batt, John 180 

Batt, Robert 180 

Batte, John 266 

Baptist Chapel, Girlington ... 48 
Baptist Chapel, Sandy Lane 

243, 308 

Bay of Biscay 175 

Beanland, Samuel 193 

Beanland, John ... 17,161,175 

Beanland, James 161 

" Beating the Bounds " ... 293 



848 



INDEX. 



Beckwith, Col. John ... 63,66 

Beckfoot, Cottingley 318 

Bentley, Joseph 292 

Bingley School 185 

Bingley Poor 161 

Black Swan Inn, Frizinghall 269 

Black Abbey in 

"Blind Jimmy" 191 

Boiling Family 2, 130 

Boiling, William ... 24, 64, 86, 130 
Boiling, Mrs. Ann 63, 65, 108, 

124 
Boiling, John .. 63, 89, 131, 184 

Bolton Royd 2, 14, 152 

Bondmen of Manningham ... 8 

Booth, Jonas 122,161 

Bowcock Charity Estate ... 49 
Bradford and Keighley Turn- 
pike 162 

Bradford and Thornton Turn- 
pike 162,279 

Bradford, Dr 17,222 

Bradford Guardians and 
Manningham Poors' lands . 20 

Bradford Soke Mill 73 

Bradford Beck 175 

Bradford Horn 124 

Bradford Waterworks 225 

Bradford Grammar School 

Land 20 

Bradshaw, Henry 15, 16, 151, 152 

Bradshaw, John loo 

Bradshaw, Captain ... 134, 152 

Bradshaw Family 151 

Brear, Thomas Booth 122 

Brick Lane 95, 112 

Brick Kiln Close 94 

Bridges, Francis Sharp, 121, 134 
159, 162 

Brighouse, Richard 144 

Brownroyd 72 

Brownroyd Chapel 52 

Brougham Family 85,87,90 

Burnley, James, J.P 42 

Busfeild, J. A 26,190 

Bull-royd Syke II 



Calvert, Rev. J. M 306 

Carlisle Road 125 

CarrSyke 6 

Carr Syke Beck 175 

Cemetery Road 4 

Charlesworth's Orchidry, 

Heaton 219 

Chellow Dean House 60 

Chellow Dean Reservoir 175, 323 

Chellow Dean Beck 175 

Chellow Grange 225 

Chellow Manor 225 

Chellow Heights 175 

Church Street 3 

Clark, Elizabeth 189, 193 

Clark Family of Heaton ... 254 

Claye, Thomas 112 

Clayton, John, Crosley Hall 321 

Clayton, Rev. Isaac 41 

Clayton, Samuel 108 

Clayton and Allerton Gas Co. 298 
Clockhouse, Manningham, 143, 175 

Clockhouse Case 146 

Cockroft, Gregory 16 

Cooper, Rev. James, M.A. ... 36 
Common Fields of Manningham 88 
Congregationalism in Man- 
ningham 48 

Congregationalism at Allerton 303 
Congregational Chapel, 

Frizinghall 270 

Cordingley, Tempest ... 17, 24 
Cowgill, Thomas ... 17,25,119 
Cowgill, William 119,154,158,162 

Cowgill, Brian 120, 162 

Cowgill Family 2 

Cowgill Lane 3 

Courts Baron of Allerton ... 320 

Crabtree, Thomas 14, 148 

Crabtree, Nicholas 14 

Crabtree, Samuel 21, 144, 162, 175 
Crabtree, John ...16, 17, 119, 143 

Crabtree, Rev. William 47 

Crabtree, William 189 

Crabtree Family 88 



INDEX. 



849 



Craig, Thomas, J.P 60 

Craven Family 265 

Craven, Josias 17, 266 

Craven Heifer Inn 73 

Crosse, Vicar 112 

Crossley, Thomas 321 

Crosley Hall 321 

Crosley Manor 318 

Crow Trees 4, 62 

Crowther, George B 22 

Cunliffe, Nicholas 133 

D 

Daisy Hill 4 

Daisy Hill Chapel 53 

Dark Lane 3 

Dawson Farm, Heaton ... 222 

Dean House, Allerton 329 

Delf Lane 3 

Denby, John 29,122,162 

Denby, Jonas 162 

Denby, Jacob 175 

Dixon, Thomas i 

Dixon, Jeremiah 113 

Dixon, of Heaton Royds ... 222 
Double Cross at Shuttleworth 

Hall 3'6 

Drake, Alfred 132 

Drake, James 17 

Drake, Thomas 62 

Drummond, James 74,117,154 

Duce Lane 3 

Duckworth, Isaac 4 1 

Duckworth Lane 65 

Duffield, William 100 

Duffield, Francis 163, 181 

Duncombe, Hon. Arthur ... 202 

Dungeon, Heaton Royds ... 175 



East Squire Lane 3 

Eddowes, Rev. John, M.A. ... 36 
Elementary Schools in Man- 

ningham 54 

Ellercroft, Allerton 3 2 5 



PACE 

Ellis, James 75, 78, 103 

Ellis, Rev. Joseph, I5.A. 82, 309 

Emm Lane Close 6 

Enclosure of Manningham 

Common 18 

Enclosureof Heaton Common 

20, 181 



Fairbank, William 
Fairbank, John 
Fairbank, James ... 
Fairbank, David ... 
Fairbank, Willy ... 
Fairbank Family ... 
Fairfax, Fearnley ... 
Fairweather Green 
Farfield Jubilee Hall 
Favvcett, Richard ... 
Ferrand, Benjamin 
Ferrand, William ... 
Festivities at Heaton 
Field, William 

Field, John 

Field, John Wilmer 



... 112,125 

328 

328 

328 

328 

327 

163 

3'3 

46 

96 

290 

290 

204 

in 

135, 181, 197 
...56, 163, 

l8l, 202 

181, 197 



Field, Joseph 

Field, Joshua 20, 173, 181, 184, 200 

Field Family 197 

Field House, Daisy Hill 2, 55, 56 

Field's Charity m 

Firth, Joshua, Allerton Hall 330 

Firth, Nathan 59> l6 3 

Flesher, Benjamin 163 

Forbes, Henry 84 

Forster, Right Hon. W. E. 

70, 84 
Fox, Thomas Bairstow ... 325 

Frankland, John 65,163 

Frankland, Joseph 19 

Frankland, Elizabeth 47 

Frankland, Jeremiah 192 

Frankland, James 124 

Frankland, Michael 125 

Frankland, William 163 

Frankland Family 124 



850 



INDEX. 



Freeholders of Heaton and 

Frizinghall 17 

Frizinghall 175, 177 

Frizinghall, Growth of 262 

Frizinghall Mill 267 



Garth House, Heaton 215 

Gethsemane 175 

Girlington 4, 83 

Girlington Estate 84 

Girlington Congregational 

Chapel 52 

Globe Fold 109 

Globe Mill 112 

Greenfield Chapel 48, 50, 52 

Gregson, Lawyer 63,66,89 

Gregson, Mary 66 

H 

Hardcastle, Aked & Co. 91, 163 

Halliwell, John 149 

HalliwellAsh 3,158 

Hammond, Benjamin 163 

Hammond, John 73, 149 

Hammond, James 73 

Hammond, Aid. E. W. ... 73 

Hargreaves, Joseph 116 

Hargreaves, Miss 116 

Hargreaves, Robert ... 194, 267 

Hargreaves, James 268 

Hargreaves, George 268 

Harris Family 211 

Harris, Henry 211 

Harris, Charles 211 

Harris, Alfred, sen. 3,154,163,211 

Harris, Alfred, jun 214 

Harris, Sarah 215 

Hearth Tax Returns ... 181,296 

Heaton Hall 209 

Heaton Mount 221 

Heaton Grove 221 

Heaton Estate,Tenants in 1 820 206 
Heaton Mechanics' Institute 242 
Heaton Adult School 243 



Heaton Baptist Chapel 193, 234 

Heaton Local Board 195 

Heaton Overseers' Accounts 188 
Heaton, Annexation to Bradford 195 

Heaton Reservoir 175,231 

Heaton Royd 175,222 

Heaton Royd Beck 175 

Heaton Syke 175, 218 

Heaton Shay 175 

Heaton Common Enclosure 181 
Heaton Landowners in 1699 181 
Heaton,FormerInhabitantsof 193 

Heaton, Longevity in 252 

Hedgeside Farm 62 

Helliwell, John 121 

Helliwell Farm 121 

Hemingway, Samuel 72 

Hemingway, Henry, attorney 201 

Heppinstall, Henry 38 

Hesp Lane 3 

Hill, Abraham 176 

Hill, John ... 2,30,47,117, 

163, 176 

Hill, Dr. John 322 

Hill, James 60,61,302 

Hindle, John 148 

Hodgson, John, of Birks ... 325 
Hodgson, Richard 18, 25, 26, 58, 
72, 113, 151 

Hodgson, William 184 

Holden, Angus, M.P. 2, 30, 44, 92 
Hollings, John, Crosley Hall 321 
Hollings, Mary, Crosley Hall 322 
Hollings, John, Manningham 

16, 37, 36, loo 
Hollings, Joseph 2, 14, 34, 100, 

144, 164 
Hollings, Thomas 2, 34, 86, 

loo, 164 

Hollings, Herbert J 38 

Horn-blowing in Bradford 10, 86 

Hornblow House 123 

Hornblow Lands 55, 86 

Horsfall, Thomas Hill 2, 102, 164 
Horsfall, John Garnett 2, 152, 

156, 164 



INDEX. 



351 



PAGE 

Horsfall's Mill, Riot at 152 

Horton Lane Chapel 305 

Houghton, Rev. W 306 

Hutton, Rev. Thos 304 

I 

Ightinghill 12 

lies & Letch 73 

Illingworth, Village of 67 

Illingworth Family 66 

Illingworth, Alfred 48, 66, 69, 317 

Illingworth, Daniel 68 

Illingworth, Frederick 273 

Illingworth, Henry ... 48, 66, 70 
Illingworth, Joseph ... 68, 100 

Illingworth, Miles 47, 68, 69 

Index 347357 



Jackson, Dr. Cyril 202 

Jackson, John 164 

Jarratt, Matthew 164 

Jowett, Edmund 132, 164 

Jowett, John 62,119 

Jowett, James Atkinson 62, 147 

Jowett, John Atkinson 148 

Jowett, John Hodgson Atkinson 148 
Jowett, Nathan 24,106,145,146,148 

Jowett, Professor 148 

Jowett, Miss Sarah 

2, 62, 72, 106, 127, 145, 164 

K 

Kay, Ellis Cunliffe Lister ... 34, 

59, 103, 113, 119, 135, 147,165 
Kay, John Cunliffe 117, 119, 120 

Kay, William 116,126 

Kaye, Benjamin 91 

Kershaw, Henry 86 

Kershaw, Samuel 86 

Kirkham, Rev. Thomas ... 38 
Kitching, John ... 65,108,110 
Kitching, Sally ... 102, 109, no 

Kitching, William 109,113 

Knights of St. John of 
Jerusalem 318, 319 



Lady Royd 4 

Lady Royd Hall 66, 70 

Lady Royd Sunday School 47 

Lambert, James 17, 120 

Lamb Close 88 

Lambert, Edward 120,165 

Lawcroft Lane 3 

Leach, John 165 

Leatham, Edward 175 

Leatham, William ... 165 

Leather, George ... i, 6 

Ledgard, John 27,110 

Ledgard, Thomas 321 

Ledgard, Thomas 111,165 

Ledgard, Jeremiah 165 

Ledgard, Mrs 165 

Letch, Captain 86 

List of Subscribers 337 

Lister, Thomas 88, 119, 133, 159 

Lister, William 16,74 

Lister, John ... 17, 24, 133, 143 
Lister, Samuel 17, 24, 26, 135, 138 

Lister, Sir William 133 

Lister, Joseph, Bailey Fold... 325 

Lister, Accepted 324 

Lister, Dr. Martin 133 

Lister, Mary 130 

Lister, Colonel Thomas ... 135 
Lister, Captain William ... 134 

Lister, Captain James 265 

Lister, Humphrey 143 

Lister, Elizabeth 135 

Lister, Juliana 135, 159 

Lister, Ellis Cunliffe (See Kay) 

Lister, W. C 116,136 

Lister, John Cunliffe ... 115,136 
Lister, Thos. T. Cunliffe 137, 178 
Lister, Samuel Cunliffe (Lord 

Masham) ... 115, 119, 136, 138 
Lister, Hon. Samuel Cunliffe 137 
Listers of Manningham ...9,133 

Listers of Frizinghall 262 

Lister, George Thompson ... 146 

Lister's Old Mill 94 

Lister Park 142, 175 



352 



INDEX. 



Lilycroft "3 

Lilycroft School 38 

Lord Rosse (see Rosse) 
Lord Masham (see Lister) 

Longevity at Heaton 252 

Longbottom, Nancy 165 

Longbottom School 112 

Lower Globe 99 

Lower Wheatlands 100 

Lupton, Richard 62 

Lupton, Joshua 62 

Lupton, Joseph 165 

Lund, Joseph 165 

Lumb Lane Mills 94 

M 

Manningham Family 9 

Manningham Hall 2, 9, 88, 142 
Manningham Old Hall 

2, 3, 29, 129, 131 

Manningham Mill 6,114 

Manningham Low Lane ... 6 

Manningham Stoop 6 

Manningham Lodge ... 2,94,96 

Manningham Thorp 94 

Manningham Town ... 121, 165 
Manningham ex-Mayors of 

Bradford 29 

Manningham Residents in 

1780 75 

Manningham Constables from 

1607 to 1789 30, 31, 32 

Manningham Freeholders in 

1839 161 

Manningham School 165 

Mann Gardens, Heaton ... 220 

Manor of Crosley 318,319 

Manywells Spring ... 175, 324 

Margerison Family 131 

Margerison, Ellis 132 

Margerison, Richard 227, 129, 

131, 165 

Margerison, William ... 131,132 
Marriners of Keighley ... 175, 178 
Marriner. Win. Lister 265 



Marsden, Henry 292 

Marsden, James 165 

Marsden, John, Lord of 
Manor of Bradford ... 20, 290 

Marshall, John 165 

Matthews, Rev. S. G. ... 49, 52 

Maynard, Sir John 185 

Mercer Family 165, 166 

Mellor, David 60 

Methodism in Manningham 

41, 166 

Miall, Rev. J. G 50 

Middlefield 15 

Middleton, Joseph 166 

Middleton, Walter 290 

Mitchell, Sir Henry ...30, 44, 156 

Mitchell, Gordon 46 

Mitchell, John 65 

Mitton, Rev. H. A. ... 38, 102 

Moorfield 59 

Mount Pleasant 123 

Mortimer, Ann 61 

Mortimer, George 63 

Mortimer, Daniel 166 

Mortimer, Susannah 166 

Murgatroyd, William 69 

Murgatroyd, Thomas 166 

Murgatroyd, James 163 

Musgrave, Ven. Archdeacon 37 

Myers, Joseph 135 

Myers, Ruth 136 

Myers, Isaac 166 

Myers, Samuel Peel 46 

Myers, William 46 

N 

National School, Heaton ... 242 

Naylor, James 65 

Naylor, Isaac 84, 166 

New Miller Dam 4, 74 

Nicholson, Henry 166 

Nidd Waterworks Scheme... 232 

North Hall 175 

North Cliff Wood 175 

North Park Road 3 



INDEX. 



358 



Northfield Place 

Northen Land 

Northrop Lands 

Northrop Ing 

Northrop Family 

Northrop, Thomas de 

Northrop, William 14, 17, 

Northrop, Michael 

Northrop, John 
Northrop, Jonas . 
Northrop, Jeremy . 
Northrop, Thomas, school 

master 

Northrop, Mrs. Ann 

Nutter, Joseph 



... 16, 

...17, i 



PAGE 
. 8 4 

! 8 9 

6 
. 86 

26, 85 

'7,55 
:9,8 



63 
90 

84 



Oak Lane, Manningham ... 3 

Oaks Lane, Allerton 324 

Gates, Captain 152 

Old Manningham n, 14, 59 

Old Manningham Free- 
holders 17 

Old Place Names 15 

Old Workhouse, Allerton ... 329 

Okell, Mr 15,16 

Osborn, Rev. Marmaduke ... 42 

Oxgang of Land 9 

Oxmantown, Lord 202 



Paradise 175 

Parson Atkinson 96 

Park Gate, Guiseley 97 

Parker, James, Pickles Hill... 312 

Parker, Jeremiah 166 

Parkinson, John 166 

Patchett, Joshua 166 

Pearson, Nancy 166 

Pearson, Caleb 166 

Pearson, Sarah 61 

Pearson, William 61 

Pearson Lane 61 

Peckover, Edmund 211 

Peckover, Daniel 212 



PACE 

Peckover, Alexander 212 

Pedley, Rev. George 91 

Peile, Benjamin 24, 96 

Pierremont 93 

Pickles, Eli 166 

Pickles, John 166 

Pilling, Moses 85 

Piper Grave 5 

Pollard, John and Joseph ... 315 
Pollard, Nicholas ... 17,70,315 

Pollard, Will 331 

Popplewell, J. B 60 

Population of Manningham... 78 
Powell, Sir.F. S., Bt.,M.P. 135, 159 

Preston, Ben 73 

Priestman, Alfred 95 

Priestman, Edward 59 

Priestman, Aid. Fredk 3>93 

Priestman, John 2, 78, 81, 93, 95 

Priestman, Joshua 78 

Priestman, Samuel 75 

Providence Mill 69 

Pullan, Thomas 166 



Quarry Hill, Heaton 177 

Queen Anne Mantel-piece at 

Heaton Hall 210 

Queen Elizabeth v. Tempest 286 

Queen's Mill Property 75 

Queen's Road Sunday School 52 

R 

Ramsbotham, H. R 328 

Rand, John 94 

Rand's Mill 94 

Rateable Value of Manning- 
ham i 

Rawson, Benjamin ... 166, 290 

Rawson, John 17 

Rawson, Jeremiah 24 

Rawson, Thomas 24 

Red Beck 175 

Rhodes, James 44 

Rhodes, Joseph 62 



354 



INDEX. 



Rhodes, John 72 

Rhodes, Charles 124 

Rhodes, Thomas 123 

Rhodes, Isaac 166 

Rhodes, Francis 166 

Richardby, James 55 

Richardson, Dr 322 

Riley, James 166 

Roberts, James 166 

Roberts, John 166 

Roberts, Joseph 84 

Robertshaw, Joshua 317 

Robinson, Daniel 166 

Robinson, John 24 

Robinson, J.W 166 

Rogers, George 29 

Roger de Manningham ... 9 

Roper, Charles 167 

Roper, Grace 167 

Rosebery, Lord 129 

Rosse, Earl of, the late... 56, 203 
Rosse, Earl of, the present 

174, 203 
Rosse, Countess of ... 178,203 

Ross, Rev. R 4' 

Royd Land 15 



Sagar Charity 310 

Sagar, James 311 

Sagar, John loo 

Sagar Family 312 

Salem Chapel 48 

Salt Street 84, 126 

Salt, Sir Titus ... 84, 114, 124 

Salt, Edward ... 117 

Sams Mill 105 

Sandy Lane 177, 224 

Sandy Lane Beck 175 

Scott, William 167 

School-house at Crow Trees 63 

Schlesinger, Martin 2 

Scoresby, Dr 2,56,62 

Serjeant Aspinall 20 

Semon, Charles 29, 98 

Shaw Dyke H 



Shaw, John 35 

Shawe, Henry 105 

Shipley Fields 177, 262 

Shires, William 17, 144 

Shuttleworth, Nicholas ... 74 

Shuttleworth, Richard 315 

Shuttleworth Hall 313, 315 

Silson, William 190, 191 

Silsbridge Lane 5 

Simes, Francis ... 106, 108, 146 
Silk Manufacture .:. ... 140, 141 

Skinner Lane 3, 9, 121 

Smith, John 57 

Smith, Benjamin 63 

Smith, Joseph 84,117 

Smith, Isaac 30, 55, 58 

Smith, William 167 

Smith, Wheater 205 

Smith, Henry 167 

Smith, Holland 167 

Smith, Lawrence 167 

Smith, Prince 167 

Smith & Gotthardt 178, 1 80, 203 

Smith, John, & Sons 48 

Smith Lane 4 

Smyth,John 72,75,181 

Smyth, John Henry 72, 75 

Smyth, John George 75 

Smyth, George Henry 167 

Smyth Family 75 

Snag Hill 4 

Snakehill Lane 4 

Soke Rights 8 

South Field 14, 89 

South Brakes 15 

Sowden, Charles, & Co. 176, 244 

Spooner, John 167 

Spotted House Inn ...3, 121, 148 
Spring Lodge ... 349,74,154 

Spring Gardens 49 

Spink, John 104 

Squire Hirst 103 

St. Barnabas, Heaton 38, 102, 238 
St. Chrysostom's, Bolton Road 40 

St. Cuthbert's, Heaton 53 

St. John's, Horton Lane ... 40 



INDEX. 



355 



St. John's Wesleyan, Man- 

ningham 44, 157 

St. Jude's, Manningham ... 36 
St. Luke's, Manningham 37,41,102 
St. Mark's, Manningham 37,41, 102 
St. Mary's, Laisterdyke 40, 102 

St. Mary Magdalene 36 

St. Michael's, City Road ... 40 
St. Paul's, Manningham 3, 37, 101 
St. Paul's, Reminiscences of 41 

St. Peter's, Allerton 309 

St. Philip's, Girlington 38, 40, 102 
St. Saviour's Mission Church, 

Crosley Hall 310 

St. Thomas's, Wigan Street 40 

Stapleton, Sir Miles 18 

Stapleton, Elizabeth 159 

Stapleton, Francis 159 

Starkey, Edmund 126 

Stead, Joshua 167 

Stead, Isaac 59 

Stead, Benjamin 62 

Stead, Charles 84 

Stead, William 84 

Stephens, Rev. Fredk 52 

Stocks Green, Manningham 3, 121 
Stocks House, Cottingley ... 123 

Strait Lane 3 

Stythorne Acre 88 

Suburban Building Society, 

Belle Vue 167 

Sugden, John 24 

Sugden, Thomas 167 

Sugden, William 167 

Sunderland, Abraham, Peter, 

and Samuel 3'3> 3H 

Swain Royd 175 



Tankard, John Boyes 169 

Taylor, Rev. Thomas ... 52,305 

Taylor, John 154 

Temple, Manningham 63 

Tempest, Sir Richard 74 

Tempest, Colonel Plumbe ... 153 



Tetley, George Greenwood. ..62, 66 

Tetley, Richard 17 

Tetley, William ... 17, 61, 167 

Tetley, Joseph 167 

Thwaites, Thomas 167 

Thompson, Benjamin 96 

Thompson, Matthew 2, 34, 95, 167 
Thompson, Sir M. W., Bart. 2, 

29, 95> 96 

Thompson, Rev. John 96 

Thompson, Rev. Peile 98 

Thompson's Mill 96 

Thornton Road ... 4, 162, 279 

Thornton Beck 4 

Thiefscore Lane 4 

Thievesford 4 

Throstle Nest 4, 61 

Tonge, Nicholas 130 

Tonge Land 14 

Top o' t'Town Chapel 47 

Topham, Thomas 62 

Topham, William 17 

Topham, John 19 

Topham Lane 4 

Tordoff, John 29 

Tordoff, Jonathan 73 

Tordoff, James 167 

Town, Joseph 167 

Townend, Edward 91 

Townend, William Henry 205, 215 

Towler Lane 3,92 

Tradesmen's Home 113 

Trees Farm 118 

Turner, Cholmley 17, '8 

Turner, Samuel 47 

u 

United College, Heaton 178, 245 

Union Street Mill 69 

Upper Globe Inn no 

Upper and Lower Globe ... 3 



Victoria Inn, White Abbey... 1 1 1 
Vint, Rev. William 35 



356 



INDEX. 



W 

PAGE 

Wade, Councillor David ... 224 
Wadsworth, Joshua ... 123,167 

Walker, Edward 144 

Walker, John 167 

Warburton, Rev. Mark, B.D. 

126, 129 

Warburton, John 127,167 

Warburton, Widow 128 

Ward, Joseph 56 

Ward, John 56 

Ward, Mrs. Susannah ... 2, 55, 167 

Ward, Samuel 167 

Watkinson, Peter 17 

Watkinson, Matthew 26 

Waterside Farm 4, 72 

Watson, James, C.E 230 

Watson, John 167 

Waterhouse, Nathaniel ... 67 

Waugh, John 73 

Waugh, William 167 

Webb, Rev. Henry 306 

West Field 89 

West House 2,92 

West, Edward 29 

West, James 104 

Wesleyan Chapel, Sandy 

Lane 244 

Wesleyan Chapel, Frizinghall 270 
Wesleyan Chapel, Girlington 46 
Wesleyan Chapel, White 

Abbey 6, 41, in 

Wesleyanism at Allerton ... 306 
Wesleyanism at Heaton ... 241 
Wesleyanism at Manningham 41 

Westerby, Rev. W. M 306 

Wheater, Isaac 72 

Wheater.Will 19 

Wheatley Hall ... 2, 100, 102 

Whetley 2, 99, 108 

Whetley Lane 2, 99 

Whetley Hill 99 

Whetley House 102, 104 

Whetley Mills 69 

Whetley Lane Board School. 54 
White, Isaac 73 



White, John 167 

White, Joseph 167 

Whites of Allerton 300 

White Abbey 5 

Whiteley, J. M 126 

Whitehead, William 48 

Whitley, Edmund 110,167 

Whitley, Thomas 194 

Whitley, Alderman Jonas 325, 326 
Whitley, Edward Bairstow... 327 

Whitaker, William 97 

Whittaker, Michael 167 

Wickham, Colonel Henry 

26, 149, 190 

Wilmer, Randal 200 

Wilde, John 168 

Wilson, James 168 

Wilson, Sir Mathew ... 103, 120 

Wilson, Samuel E 120 

Wilson, Joseph 48 

Wilson, William, Quaker 

philanthropist 35, 270 

Williams, Rev. A. A 38 

Williams, Rev. T. Rhondda 52 

Wilkinson, Alfred 63 

Wilkinson, Captain 134 

Wilkinson, Thomas ... 14, 16, 

150, 162 

Wilkinson, Richard ...14, 16, 150 
Wilkinson, John ... 16, 24, 144, 

150, 1 68 
Wilkinson, William 26, 100, 119, 

150 

Wilkinson Family 150 

Winn, Sir Rowland 17, 18 

Wood, Benjamin 168 

Wood, Benjamin, Frizinghall 

268, 273 

Wood, John ... 24, 27, 33, no, 168 
Wood, Joseph, Frizinghall ... 268 
Wood, James, Frizinghall ... 268 

Wood, James, lawyer 147 

Wood, Joseph, White Abbey 168 

Wood, Job in, 168 

Wood, Isaac 168 

Wood, Matthew 85 



INDEX. 



357 



Wood, Rev. Nicholas no, 168, 192 

Wood, Elizabeth 168 

Wood, William 168 

Wood, Thomas 168 

Woodlands 2,4,92 

Woolcombing Machine ... 139 

Woolsorters' Gardens 220 

Wroe, Joseph 108 

Wright, Isaac 29, 114 

Wright, Mrs. Eliza 114 

Wright, Charles Henry ... 114 



Wright, John Cockshott 

Wright, Jonathan 

Wright, Rev. Godfrey ... 



Yeadon, John 

Yew Tree Farm ... 
Yewdall, Benjamin 
Young, James 

Young, Dr 

Yllingworth, William 



PAGE 
114 
124 

42 



17 

61 

1 68 
83 
42 
76 




BKADFOKD : 
PRINTED BY WILLIAM BYLES AND SONS. 



PREVIOUS WORKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR. 



ROUND ABOUT BRADFORD: 

A SERIES OF SKETCHES OF FORTY-TWO PLACES WITHIN Six MILES OF BRADFORD. 

(Out of Print.) 

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HISTORICAL fJOTES ON THE BRADFORD CORPORATION. 

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RAtyBLES ROUND H.ORTON. 

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HISTORIES OF BOLTON A.ND BOWLING. 

"In his 'Histories of Bolton and Bowling' Mr. Cud worth has done good service to 
the cause of local history, and added a volume which will prove to be one of great and 
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and has had the good fortune to obtain much information which has not been previously 
published." Leeds Mercury. 

'* In Mr. Cudworth's 'Histories of Bolton and Bowling 1 we have a further instalment 
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THE HORTON MATHEMATICIAN AND ASSISTANT TO FLAMSTEED, 
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" Mr. Wm. Cudworth's Life of Abraham Sharp is the first which has done justice to 
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" This substantial monument to a Yorkshire worthy is an example of local patriotism 
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