SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS FOR
3M™ 12,000 RPM 5 in. (127 mm)
and 6 in. (150 mm)
RANDOM ORBITAL SANDERS
3M™ Overhaul Service Kit
The part number 20347, 3M™ Overhaul Service Kit, contains all the replacement parts that naturally
wear over time and a straightforward manual to make servicing a 3M™ sander simple. Overhauling the
Random Orbital Sander can be made even easier with the use of the above Service Tools. The Service
Tools also reduce the chance of improper assembly.
EXTERNAL RETAINING RING
BEARING -2 SHIELDS
DOUBLE ROW ANGULAR CONTACT BEARING - 1 SEAL
INTERNAL RETAINING RING
VALVE STEM ASSEMBLY
INSTRUCTIONS FOR 5 in. AND 6 in. ROS OVERHAUL SERVICE KIT
12,000 RPM - 5 in. (127 mm) and 6 in. (150 mm)
RANDOM ORBITAL SANDERS SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
NOTICE: To receive any expressed or implied warranty, the tool must be repaired by an authorized Service Center.
The 5 in (127 mm.) and 6 in. (150 mm) Random Orbital Sander Service Instructions section provided is for use after completion of
the warranty period.
1. The Grip has two “tabs" that wrap around the body of
the sander under the inlet and exhaust. Use a small
screwdriver to pick out one of the “tabs" of the Grip,
and then continue to go underneath the Grip with the
screwdriver and pry the Grip off of sander. To install a
new Grip, hold the Grip by the tabs making them face
outward, align the Grip and slide it under the Throttle
Lever then press the Grip down until it seats onto the
top of the sander. Make sure the two “tabs" seat under
the inlet and exhaust.
1. Lightly secure the tool in a vise using the T-7 Soft Collar
or padded jaw vice and remove the pad with the 24 mm
Pad Wrench then remove the Shroud or Skirt (which¬
2. Remove the Lock Ring with the T-6 Motor Lock Ring
Wrench/Spindle Puller Tool. The motor assembly can
now be lifted out of the Housing.
3. Secure the motor assembly by clamping the 5 in. or 6
in. (125 or 150 mm) Shaft Balancer in a padded jaw vise
and remove the Retaining Ring and the O-Ring from the
4. Remove the Rear Endplate. This may require support¬
ing the Rear Endplate with a Bearing Separator and
lightly pressing the shaft through the Bearing and Rear
Endplate. Remove Cylinder and the Vanes and Rotor
Set from the shaft of the Shaft Balancer. Remove the
Key then press off the Front Endplate (with Bearing), O-
Ring and the Lock Ring. It may be necessary to remove
the Bearing with a Bearing Separator if it came out of
the Front Endplate and stuck to the shaft of the Shaft
5. Remove the Bearing(s) from the Endplates by using the
T-8 Bearing Removal Tool to press out the Bearings.
Shaft Balancer and Spindle Disassembly:
1. Grip the shaft end of the Shaft Balancer in a padded
vise. With a thin screwdriver pick out the slotted end of
the Retaining Ring and peel out.
2. Screw the threaded end of the T-6 Motor Lock Ring
Wrench/Spindle Puller Tool into the Spindle until hand
tight. Apply a gentle heat from a propane torch or hot
air gun to the large end of the Balancer Shaft until it is
about 212° F (100° C) to soften the adhesive. Do not
over heat. Remove the Spindle assembly by using the
slider to give sharp outward blows to the Spindle. Allow
the parts to cool so they are safe to handle. Follow one
of the appropriate directions below:
• If the Bearing come out with the spindle, use a small
Bearing Separator to remove it. Move onto step 3.
• If the Bearing stays in the Shaft Balancer. Follow
steps A - D below.
Procedure for removal of the Bearings from the Shaft
A. Position the Set Screw in the top of the T-9 12 mm ID
B. Make sure the Retaining Ring is removed, then press
the Bearing Puller into the I.D. of Bearing until the Bear¬
ing Puller hits the bottom of the Shaft Balancer.
C. Thread the Set Screw down until it hits the bottom of the
Shaft Balancer or becomes very tight. Grip the shaft end
of the Shaft Balancer in a padded vise.
D. Screw the threaded end of the T-6 Motor Lock Ring
Wrench/Spindle Puller Tool into the Bearing Puller until
hand tight. Apply a gentle heat from a propane torch
or hot air gun to the large end of the Shaft Balancer to
re-heat it until it is about 212° F (100° C) to soften the
adhesive. Do not over heat. Remove the Bearing by
using the slider to give sharp outward blows to the Bear¬
ing Puller. Allow the Bearing Puller, Bearing and Shaft
Balancer to cool. After cooling, unthread the T-6 Motor
Lock Ring Wrench/Spindle Puller Tool from the Bearing
Puller. Back off the set screw. Secure the Bearing Puller
and Bearings in a Bearing Separator and press out the
3. The beraing shield components are held in place by the
light press fit of the Retainer. These components can be
damaged during removal and may need to be replaced
if removed. To remove the Retainer, use an O-ring
pick or a #8 sheet metal screw to grip and pull out the
Retainer. Remove the Valve and Filter from the bore in
the Shaft Balancer. If the Retainer and Valve were not
damaged, they can be reused. However, the filter should
be replaced on re-assembly.
1. For Non-Vacuum (NV) and Central Vacuum (CV)
machines follow the steps outlined in Section I below.
For Self Generated Vacuum (SGV) machines follow the
steps outlined in Section III.
I. This section is for NV and CV machines.
A) Unscrew the Muffler Housing from the Housing.
B) Remove the Bronze Muffler from the Muffler Housing
and remove the Muffler insert from the cavity of the Muf¬
C) For NV machines move onto D. For CV machines move
onto Section II.
D) Remove the NV Shroud. Move onto Step 2.
II. This section continued from Section I for CV Exhaust
A) Remove the Screw, Washer and Nut.
B) Remove the 0 1 in. (28 mm) CV Swivel Exhaust As¬
sembly or the 0 3/4 in. (19 mm) CV Swivel Exhaust
Assembly from the Shroud or Clean Sanding Shroud.
C) Remove the Shroud or Clean Sanding Shroud from the
Housing. Move onto step 2.
III. This section is for SGV Exhaust machines:
A) Unscrew the SGV Retainer with an 8 mm hex wrench.
B) Remove the 0 1 in. (28 mm) Hose SGV Swivel Exhaust
Assembly from the Housing and SGV Skirt Adapter or
SGV Shroud Adapter.
C) Pull the SGV Retainer out of the bore of the Swivel
Exhaust Assembly and remove the two O-rings.
D) Remove the Vacuum Shroud or Vacuum Skirt from the
Housing. Move onto step 2.
2. Place the Speed Control to the midway position and
remove the Retaining Ring. NOTE: If the machine is a
vacuum model, the vacuum exhaust must be removed
(see Section 1 above for removal) before the Retaining
Ring can be removed with lock ring pliers. The Speed
Control will now pull straight out. Remove the O-ring.
3. Unscrew the Inlet Bushing Assembly from the Housing.
Remove the Valve Spring, Valve, Valve Seat, Valve
Stem and O-Ring.
4. Press out the Spring Pin from the Housing and remove
the Throttle Lever.
NOTE: All assembly must be done with clean dry parts and
all bearings are to be pressed in place by the correct tools
and procedures as outlined by the bearing manufacturers.
1. Install Throttle Lever into Housing with the Spring Pin.
2. Lightly grease the O-ring and place it on the Speed
Control. Install Valve Stem, O-ring (cleaned and lightly
greased) and insert the Speed control into the Hous¬
ing in the midway position. Install the Retaining Ring.
CAUTION: Make sure the Retaining Ring is completely
snapped into groove in the Housing.
3. Install the Valve Seat, the Valve and the Valve Spring.
Coat the threads of the Bushing Assembly with 1 or 2
drops of 3M Rite-Loc TL22 or equivalent non-permanent
pipe thread sealant. Screw the assembly into the Hous¬
ing. Torque to 60 in/lbs (6.77 Nm.)
4. For NV and CV machines follow the steps outlined in
Section I below. For SGV machines follow the steps in
I. This section is for CV and NV
A) Place a clean felt Muffler all-the-way into the chamber of
the Muffler Housing. Press the Bronze Muffler onto the
B) Screw the Muffler Housing assembly into the Housing
until hand tight. Use a 21 mm socket/torque wrench
combination to torque the Muffler Housing. Torque to 20
in/lbs (2.25 Nm). For NV machines move onto C. For CV
machines move onto Section II.
C) Install the Non-Vacuum Shroud onto the Housing by
working the shroud over and around the bottom of the
housing flanges. Make sure the line up slots (on the
Housing) and tabs (on the Shroud) are engaged. Move
onto the "Spindle, bearing shield and Shaft Balancer
II. This section continued from Section I for CV Ex¬
A) For 5 and 6 in. (125 and 150 mm) machines:
(1) Install the 5 or 6 in. (125 or 150 mm. ) Shroud or 6 in.
(150 mm) Clean Sanding Shroud onto the Housing by
working the shroud over and around the bottom of the
housing flanges. Slide the inlet end of the 0 1 in. (28
mm) CV Swivel Exhaust Assembly or the 0 3/4 in. (19
mm) CV Swivel Exhaust Assembly into the exhaust port
of the Shroud or Clean Sanding Shroud until it hits the
stop on the Swivel Exhaust Assembly.
NOTE: For installation of Shrouds and Skirts make sure the
line up slots (on the Housing) and tabs (on the Shroud or
Skirt) are engaged. Make sure that the key on the Swivel
Exhaust Assembly bracket is aligned and engaged with the
keyway on the Housing.
B) Place the Washer over the Screw. Thread the screw
into the mounting hole of the Swivel Exhaust Assembly
and Housing until the end of the screw is flush with the
inside surface of the Housing. Place the Nut into the
cavity of the Housing and thread the Screw into the Nut
until tight. Move onto the “Spindle, bearing shield and
Shaft Balancer Assembly" Section.
III. This section for SGV Exhaust machines:
A) Install the Shroud or SGV Vacuum Skirt onto the Hous¬
ing by working the shroud or skirt over and around the
bottom of the housing flanges. Make sure the line up
slots (on the Housing) and tabs (on the Shroud or Skirt)
B) Attach the SGV Skirt Adapter or SGV Shroud Adapter to
the exhaust port of the Shroud or SGV Skirt.
C) Clean and lightly grease the two O-rings and place them
in the two grooves in the SGV Retainer.
D) Put the SGV Retainer into the mounting hole of the 0 1
in. (28 mm) Hose SGV Swivel Exhaust Assembly.
E) Push the 0 1 in. (28 mm) Hose SGV Swivel Exhaust
Assembly into the exhaust port of the SGV Skirt Adapter
or SGV Shroud Adapter. Screw the SGV Retainer into
the threaded exhaust port on the Housing with an 8 mm
Hex Wrench. Torque to 45 in/lbs (5.08 Nm. ).
Spindle, Bearing Shield and Shaft Balancer Assembly:
1. Place the Washer and Shim on the Spindle shaft with
the curve of the Washer facing up so that the outside
diameter of the washer will contact the outer diameter of
the Bearing. Place the Bearing on the Spindle with the
seal side toward the Washer. Press onto Spindle using
the T-1B Spindle Bearing Press Tool (see figure) until
seated at bottom.
2. Insert Shim with tangs into the bottom of Spindle Bore
of the Shaft Balancer. (Do not use this shim if Shaft
Balancer text shows a + symbol.)
3. When the Spindle Assembly is done correctly, the Bearing
will rotate freely but not loosely.
4. Take the new Filter and center it on the small bore that
the original Filter was in before removal. With a small
diameter screwdriver or flat-ended rod, press the Filter
into the bore until it is flat in the bottom of the bore.
Place the Valve into the bore so it is oriented correctly,
then press the Retainer into the bore until it is flush with
the bottom of the Bearing bore.
5. Apply a pin head size drop of 3M Rite-Loc TL71 or
equivalent to the outside diameter of each of the bear¬
ings on the spindle assembly. Spread the drop of bear¬
ing locker around the bearing until distributed evenly.
CAUTION: Only a very small amount of bearing locker
is needed to prevent rotation of the bearing OD. Any ex¬
cess will make future removal difficult. Place the Spindle
Assembly into the bore of the Shaft Balancer and secure
with the Retaining Ring. CAUTION: Make sure that the
Retaining Ring is completely snapped into the groove in
the Balancer Shaft. Allow the adhesive to cure.
1. Use the larger end of the T-13 Bearing Press Sleeve to
press the front Bearing (with 2 Shields) onto the shaft of
the Shaft Balancer.
2. Slide the Front Endplate with the bearing pocket facing
down onto the Motor Shaft. Gently press the Front End-
plate onto the Bearing using the larger end of the T-13
Bearing Press Sleeve until the Front Bearing is seated
in the bearing pocket of the Endplate. CAUTION: Only
press just enough to seat the bearing into the pocket.
Over-pressing can damage the bearing.
3. Place the Key into the groove on the Shaft Balancer.
Place the Rotor on the Shaft Balancer, making sure that
it is a tight slip fit.
4. Oil the five Vanes with a quality pneumatic tool oil and
place them in the slots of the Rotor. Place the Cylinder
Assembly over the Rotor with the short end of the
Spring Pin engaging the blind hole in the Front End¬
plate. NOTE: The Spring Pin must project .060 in. (1.5
mm) above the flanged side of the Cylinder.
5. Press fit the rear Bearing (2 shields) into the Rear
Endplate with the T-1 B Bearing Press Tool. Make sure
the T-1B Press Tool is centered on the O.D. of the outer
race. Lightly press fit the Rear Endplate and Bearing
Assembly over the Shaft Balancer using the small end
of the T-13 Bearing Press Sleeve. The sleeve should
press only the inner race of the bearing. IMPORTANT:
The Rear Endplate and Bearing Assembly is pressed
correctly when the Cylinder is squeezed just enough
between the Endplates to stop it from moving freely
under its own weight when the shaft is held horizontal,
but be able to slide between the Endplates with a very
light force. If the assembly is pressed to tightly the
motor will not run freely. If the pressed assembly is to
loose, the motor will not turn freely after assembly in the
Housing. Secure the assembly by placing the Retaining
Ring in the groove of the Shaft Balancer. CAUTION: The
Retaining Ring must be placed so that the middle and
two ends of the hoop touch the Bearing first. Both raised
center portions must be securely “snapped” into the
groove in the Shaft Balancer by pushing on the curved
portions with a small screwdriver.
6. Lightly grease the O-Ring and place in the air inlet of the
7. Lightly grease or oil the inside diameter of the Housing,
line up the Spring Pin with the marking on the Housing
and slide the Motor Assembly into the Housing. Make
sure the Spring Pin engages the pocket in Housing.
8. Carefully screw the Lock Ring into the Housing with the
T-6 Motor Lock Ring Wrench/Spindle Puller Tool. Torque
to 60 in/lbs (6.77 Nm.) NOTE: A simple technique
to assure first thread engagement is to turn the lock
ring counter clockwise with the T-6 Motor Lock Ring
Wrench/Spindle Puller while applying light pressure. You
will hear and feel a click when the lead thread of the lock
ring drops into the lead thread of the housing.
9. Spin on a new Pad and hand tighten it using a 24 mm
Place 3 drops of quality pneumatic air tool oil directly into
the motor inlet and connect it to a 90 psig (6.2 bar) air
supply. A 12,000 RPM tool should run between 11,500 to
12,000 RPM when the air pressure is 90 psig (6.2 bar) at
the inlet of the tool while the tool is running at free speed.
This free speed will be about 500 RPM to 1,000 RPM less
when a Vacuum or Hook Face Pad is used because of wind
resistance. This will not affect performance when sanding.
34-8700-5191-8 4 Revision 10/03/07
Low Power and/or Low Free Speed
Insufficient Air Pressure
Check air line pressure at the Inlet of
the Sander while the tool is running at
free speed. It must be 90 psig (6.2 Bar).
See the “Housing Disassembly” section
for Muffler removal. The Muffler can
be back flushed with a clean, suitable
cleaning solution until all contaminates
and obstructions have been removed. If
the Muffler can not be properly cleaned
then replace it. Replace Muffler Insert
“Housing Assembly” Section).
Plugged Inlet Screen
Clean the Inlet Screen with a clean,
suitable cleaning solution. If Screen
does not come clean replace it.
One or more Worn or Broken Vanes
Install a complete set of new Vanes
(all vanes must be replaced for proper
operation). Coat all vanes with quality
pneumatic tool oil. See “Motor Disas¬
Internal air leakage in the Motor Housing
indicated by higher than normal air con¬
sumption and lower than normal speed.
Check for proper Motor alignment and
Lock Ring engagement. Check for
damaged O-Ring in Lock Ring groove.
Remove Motor Assembly and Re-Install
the Motor Assembly. See “Motor Disas¬
sembly" and “Motor Assembly”.
Motor Parts Worn
Overhaul Motor. Contact authorized
Worn or broken Spindle Bearings
Replace the worn or broken Bearings.
See “Shaft Balancer and Spindle Disas¬
sembly” and “Spindle Bearings, Bearing
Shield and Shaft Balancer Assembly”.
Air leakage through the Speed
Control and/or Valve Stem.
Dirty, broken or bent Valve Spring, Valve
or Valve Seat.
Disassemble, inspect and replace worn
or damaged parts. See Steps 2 and 3
in “Housing Disassembly” and Steps 2
and 3 in “Housing Assembly”.
Only use Pad Sizes and Weights
designed for the machine.
Addition of interface pad or other material
Only use abrasive and/or interface
designed for the machine. Do not at¬
tach anything to the Sanders Pad face
that was not specifically designed to be
used with the Pad and Sander.
Improper lubrication or buildup of foreign
Disassemble the Sander and clean in
a suitable cleaning solution. Assemble
Worn or broken Rear or Front Motor
Replace the worn or broken Bearings.
See “Motor Disassembly" and “Motor
For vacuum machines it is possible to
have too much vacuum while sanding on
a flat surface causing the pad to stick to
the sanding surface.
For SGV machines add extra washer(s)
to the pad spindle to increase the gap
between the pad and shroud. For CV
machines reduce vacuum through
the vacuum system and/or add extra
washer(s) to the pad.