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I OS 102 A 


Manuscripts and Drawings 

in the Ornithology and Rothschild Libraries of 

The Natural History Museum 

at Tring 


Frances E. Warr 



BRITISH ORNITHOLOGISTS’ CLUB OCCASIONAL PUBLICATIONS 

No. 2 


1996 


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Natural History Museum Library 


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WHITE OR REUNION DODO AND OTHER BIRDS 

Watercolour (23 x 33 cm) by the Dutch artist Pieter Withoos (1654-1693) and said to have been 
drawn from a living bird brought to Amsterdam. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild 




























Manuscripts and Drawings 

in the Ornithology and Rothschild Libraries of 

The Natural History Museum 

at Tring 


Frances E. Warr 


BOC Occasional Publications No. 2 



Published by AW 


BRITISH ORNITHOLOGISTS’ CLUB 
in association with 
The Natural History Museum 

1996 


c/o B.O.U. 

The Natural History Museum 
Akeman Street, Tring 
Hertfordshire HP23 6AP 

Registered Charity No. 279583 


ISBN 0 9522886 13 

British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data 
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library 

© The Natural History Museum, London 1996 

Manuscripts and Drawings in the Ornithology and 
Rothschild Libraries of The Natural History Museum at Tring 

British Ornithologists’ Club Occasional Publications No. 2 

The Natural History Museum, Historical Studies in the Life and Earth Sciences No. 6 
Printed in Great Britain by: 

Latimer Trend & Company Ltd, Plymouth, Devon 


Other titles in The Natural History Museum, Historical Studies in the Life and Earth 
Sciences. 

No. 1 Richard Owen Commemoration: Three Studies , HMSO, 1992 

No. 2 The Challenger Expedition, 1872-1876: A Visual Index , The Natural History 
Museum, 1994 

No. 3 A Catalogue of Portraits, Paintings and Sculpture at The Natural History Museum , 
London , Mansell Publishing Ltd., 1995 

No. 4 A Catalogue of Manuscripts and Drawings in the General Library of The Natural 
History Museum, London , Mansell Publishing Ltd., 1995 

No. 5 A Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History 
Museum, London , Mansell Publishing Ltd., 1996 


FOREWORD 


One of the stated objects of the Club is ‘to facilitate the publication of scientific information 
connected with ornithology’. This has been achieved with the uninterrupted publication 
of the Club’s journal, Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club for over a hundred years 
and with the first of a new series of Occasional Publications in 1994, Extinct and endangered 
birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. 

Manuscripts and drawings in the Ornithology and Rothschild Libraries of The Natural 
History Museum at Tring is the second of the series. Dr Prys-Jones refers in the Preface 
to the historical connections between The Natural History Museum and the British 
Ornithologists’ Club, which make publication by the Club of Mrs Warr’s catalogue 
particularly appropriate. Lord Rothschild was himself the second Chairman of the Club 
and Dr R.B. Sharpe the first Editor of the Bulletin , to be followed by W.R. Ogilvie-Grant 
and later by Dr P.R. Lowe and presently by Dr D.W. Snow. In addition, many of the 
names of authors and compilers listed in the catalogue are also to be found in the 
membership lists of the Club. 

Mrs Warr is to be congratulated on the compilation of the catalogue which will 
undoubtedly be of great value, not only to ornithologists, but also to historians of natural 
history and all those interested in the collections held at Tring. 


Amberley Moore 
British Ornithologists’ Club 
October 1996 


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CONTENTS 


Preface ............. vii 

Introduction ............ ix 

THE INFORMATION IN THE CATALOGUE . . . . xiii 

Note on name of Museum ......... xiii 

Catalogue entries ........... xiii 

Abbreviations ........... xiii 

References ............ xiv 

THE CATALOGUE.1 

Geographical Index ........... 95 

Name Index ............ 97 


v 




PREFACE 


For a small provincial market town, pleasant but unremarkable, Tring has played a quite 
disproportionate role in the development of ornithology over the past century. Contributing 
greatly to its continuing importance in this regard is the presence of one of the world’s 
great specialist libraries, formed from the merger of the natural history library of the 
second Lord Rothschild with the ornithology library of The Natural History Museum. 
This provides both a vital resource in its own right and an invaluable adjunct to the huge 
array of specimen material held at Tring in the collections of The Natural History Museum 
Bird Group. 

A significant, but underappreciated, part of this library resource comprises a diverse 
array of manuscript and artwork material, much of which relates directly to the specimen 
collections. Over the past few years the ornithology librarian, Frances (“Effie”) Warr, has 
carried out a painstaking but invaluable task of collating these items into an accessible 
and well indexed catalogue. Most appropriately, in view of its historical connections with 
both Lord Rothschild and The Natural History Museum, the British Ornithologists’ Club 
has undertaken to publish this. I believe the result will be widely welcomed by ornithologists 
and other natural historians alike. 


Robert Prys-Jones 
The Natural History Museum 


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INTRODUCTION 


The Natural History Museum’s library at Tring Museum in Hertfordshire has a dual 
origin. The first is the ornithological library of The Natural History Museum which was 
moved out of London, along with the ornithological specimen collections, in 1971. The 
second is the natural history library of Lord Walter Rothschild (1868-1937), who founded 
the Zoological Museum at Tring in 1889, and was in the process of donating it and his 
library to The Natural History Museum at the time of his death in 1937. 

The ornithological collections of The Natural History Museum have been in existence 
for nearly 250 years. Originally part of the British Museum in Bloomsbury in London, 
the birds were moved with the rest of the natural history collections to new buildings at 
South Kensington between 1880 and 1883. Here, the bird specimens and a small ornithology 
library were accommodated in a narrow gallery which soon acquired the popular name 
“Bird Room”. Dr R.B. Sharpe was in charge of birds from 1872 to 1909, W.R. Ogilvie- 
Grant from 1909 to 1918 and Dr RR. Lowe from 1919 to 1935. Several very large 
collections of birds and eggs were acquired during those years, including those of A.O. 
Hume, F.D. Godman & O. Salvin, H. Seebohm and the Marquis of Tweeddale, and 
conditions became very cramped. In 1936, when N.B. Kinnear took charge of the Bird 
Section, the collections and library were moved into part of the newly built Entomology 
building. 

First opened to the public in 1892, the Zoological Museum of Lionel Walter, Second 
Baron Rothschild, had been built in the small market town of Tring in Hertfordshire and 
grew to become one of the finest private institutions of its kind in the world. Its bird 
collection was of tremendous importance but, in 1932, Lord Rothschild was in serious 
financial difficulty and had to sell most of his bird skin collection. This went to the 
American Museum of Natural History in New York. In 1937, Lord Rothschild set in 
train the gift of his museum and the remaining contents, including large collections of 
birds’ eggs, mammals, reptiles and insects and a library of 30,000 volumes, to The Natural 
History Museum. After Lord Rothschild’s death, Tring Museum continued to function, 
with galleries open to the public and the study collections and library available to research 
workers, as an outstation of The Natural History Museum. 

During the Second World War, 1939-1945, many of The Natural History Museum’s 
more important specimens of birds, and most of the egg collections, were evacuated from 
South Kensington to the Museum at Tring or to country houses elsewhere. The war years 
and those immediately following, were times of great difficulty and confusion, with few 
staff available to keep up with record keeping and curation, and much of the collection 
and library dispersed or in packing cases. As the collections were returned to South 
Kensington from Tring, a number of the drawings from the Rothschild Library were 
transferred with them and remain in the Zoology Library. Meanwhile, bird collections 
continued to arrive, including some large private collections (E.C.S. Baker, C.B. Ticehurst, 
H.W. Waite, H. Whistler) and these were often stored at Tring until such time as they 
could be dealt with at South Kensington. 


IX 


X INTRODUCTION 


While books were the responsibility of the Librarian of the Zoology Department, most 
manuscript catalogues and other papers arriving with collections of birds were kept in the 
Bird Section so as to be readily available near the collections. Manuscripts and drawings 
relating to birds, but not directly to the specimen collections, were passed to the Zoology 
Department Library. Some of these remain in the Zoology Library and, with items 
transferred from the Rothschild Library, will be listed in the catalogues of their manuscripts 
and drawings in the course of preparation. 

With the continuing problems of shortage of space at South Kensington for the bird 
specimens, the decision was made to move all the ornithological research collections out 
of London to Tring. In 1970, a start was made on a new four storey building alongside 
Lord Rothschild’s Zoological Museum, specially designed to house the bird collection. 
Over a million bird specimens were moved the forty miles to Tring and along with them 
the large ornithological library. 

The move to Tring meant that not only the ornithological collections, but the Ornithology 
Library, as well as the existing Rothschild Library, underwent a great deal of re¬ 
organisation. Gradually, the manuscripts, drawings and photographs were brought together 
under the care of the Librarian, who was a member of The Natural History Museum’s 
Department of Library Services. Although the books in the Rothschild Library had been 
catalogued, the drawings and photographs had not, and no record had been made of the 
drawings present in Rothschild’s collection at the time of its donation. 

The manuscripts, drawings and photographs described in this catalogue comprise some 
325 separate collections ranging in date from the late'seventeenth century to the present 
day. Many parts of the world are represented, the collection being particularly rich in 
material from Africa (B. Alexander, G.L. Bates, F.O. Cave, F.J. Jackson, H. Lynes, A.W. 
Vincent) and Burma and the Indian subcontinent (F.M. Bailey, C.B. Ticehurst, F.E.W. 
Venning, W.E. Wait, H.W. Waite, H. Whistler, RF. Wickham). There are manuscripts 
concerning particular groups of birds such as those of J.J.L. Bonhote and F.W. Smalley 
on domestic pigeons, J.H. Gurney on birds of prey, R Haig Thomas on ornamental 
pheasants, M.F. Hall on estrildid finches and G. Loddiges on hummingbirds. A small, 
but noteworthy, number of manuscripts (L.R. Conisbee, C.E. Jackson, H. Langton) are 
concerned with the derivation of the names of birds. Many of the manuscripts are 
catalogues of collections of birds and eggs now held at Tring, among them those of E.C.S. 
Baker, G.S. Miller Jr., H. Munt, H. Saunders, H. Seebohm and H.B. Tristram. There are 
three large personal collections, those of Dr & Mrs D.A. Bannerman, G.L. Bates and 
C.B. Ticehurst, containing correspondence, notebooks, photographs, diaries and other 
papers, mostly concerning ornithological research, but also containing items of a more 
personal nature. The diaries of B. Alexander, G.L. Bates and H. Lynes give insights into 
the problems of travelling in remote areas, all the while collecting and preparing specimens. 
Logbooks of birds recorded at sea, such as those submitted by the crews of H.M.S. 
Challenger , H.M.S. Cook and H.M.S. Owen were, for a time, actively sought by The 
Natural History Museum, a task nowadays undertaken by the Royal Naval Birdwatching 
Society. A large collection of watercolour drawings of east African birds by V.G.L. van 
Someren is held, also an important collection of drawings commissioned by Lord Rothschild 
for his work on extinct birds and a series of line drawings of the spread wings of birds 
by R. Meinertzhagen. Bound volumes of original drawings include those of S.T. Edwards, 




INTRODUCTION xi 


T. Hardwicke & Mrs D. Campbell, S. Howitt, T. Johnson and C.L. Landbeck. Photographs 
are well represented, not only in the large collections assembled by Lord Rothschild, but 
by smaller collections such as those taken by W. Bickerton, G. Bolton, Loke Wan Tho, 
W.W.A. Phillips, A.N.T. Rankin, J.H. Sherlock, R.J. Welch and J.J. Williams. 

Two ornithological societies, which have always been closely associated with The Natural 
History Museum, are frequently mentioned in this catalogue. These are the British 
Ornithologists’ Union (founded in 1858) and the British Ornithologists’ Club. Members 
of the British Ornithologists’ Union, which has continued to publish the journal Ibis since 
its inception, are noted in this catalogue by the initials M.B.O.U. The British Ornithologists’ 
Club was founded in 1892 by members of the British Ornithologists’ Union for the purpose 
of providing an opportunity for meeting more frequently for discussion, exhibition and 
description of new species, and for the publication of the Bulletin of the British Orni¬ 
thologists’ Club. 


Acknowledgements 

I am most grateful to John Thackray, the archivist of The Natural History Museum, for 
the help and guidance he has given me during the compilation of this catalogue. Assistance 
has also been given by Michael Walters of the Bird Group of the Museum, by Amberley 
Moore and Ronald Peal of the British Ornithologists’ Club, and by the librarians at 
Lambeth Palace Library, Watford Public Library, The Wellcome Institute for the History 
of Medicine and the Zoological Society of London. 





















































































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THE INFORMATION IN THE CATALOGUE 


Material connected with the ornithological work of staff members of The Natural History 
Museum, either in the course of their duties or on expeditions organised by the Museum, 
is held with the Museum Archives at South Kensington or at Tring, and is not included 
in this catalogue. Likewise, correspondence with members of the Museum staff has not 
been included though some letters do refer to the collections described in the catalogue. 
Rothschild and pre-1938 Tring Museum correspondence is currently kept in The Natural 
History Museum Archives at South Kensington. The few oil paintings now at Tring are 
not included as they have been listed in J.C. Thackray’s A Catalogue of portraits, paintings 
and sculpture at The Natural History Museum, London , Historical Studies in the Earth 
and Life Sciences, Vol. 3, 1995. Photocopies, and items produced on duplicators, are not 
included. 


Note on name of Museum 

Although The Natural History Museum was known as the British Museum (Natural 
History) from 1881 until 1990, the former name has been used throughout this catalogue. 
From 1938, Tring Museum has been part of The Natural History Museum. 


Catalogue entries 

Collections are listed alphabetically under the name of the author, the artist, the compiler, 
or the name of the institution, ship or expedition. A short biography follows the name. 
If the item, or items, refer to specimens now held in The Natural History Museum, the 
registration number of the collection is generally given, using the prefix BMNH. 

Individual manuscript collections are separately numbered, and the following ar¬ 
rangement is used: 

physical description (items described as notebooks or diaries are normally in manu¬ 
script) 

title, or description, (in italics if the title is as given by the author) 

date (in square brackets if not given on the document) 

further details and accompanying items 

provenance, if known 

shelf mark or location 


Abbreviations 


DNB — Dictionary of National Biography 
fl. - floruit (flourished) 

Ms - manuscript 


Mss - manuscripts 
Ts - typescript 
Tss - typescripts 

xiii 


xiv REFERENCES 


References 

The following sources were frequently consulted during the preparation of the catalogue: 
Desmond, R. 1994. Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturalists (rev.ed.) 

825pp. London: Taylor & Francis. 

Ibis: journal of the British Ornithologists’ Union. 1859- 

Jackson, C.E. 1975. Bird illustrators: some artists in early lithography. 133pp. London: 
Witherby. 

Mullens, W.H. & Swann, H.K. 1916-1917. A bibliography of British ornithology. 691pp. 
London: Macmillan. 

Sawyer, F.C. 1971. A short history of the libraries and list of the Mss and original drawings 
in the British Museum (Natural History). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural 
History), Historical Series 4 (2): 79-291. 

Sharpe, R.B. 1906. Birds in The history of the collections contained in the natural history 
departments of the British Museum. Vol. 2. London: British Museum. 

Stephens, L. et al (eds). 1885-1990. Dictionary of National Biography. 

Whittell, H.M. 1954. The literature of Australian birds. 788pp. Perth: Paterson Brokensha. 
Who Was Who , 1897-1990. London: Black. 

Wynne, O.E. 1969. Biographical key - names of birds of the world - to authors and those 
commemorated. 246pp. Fordingbridge: published by the author. 



THE CATALOGUE 


1. AFRICAN HANDBOOK OF BIRDS (1952-1973) 

The African Handbook of Birds was published in six volumes (1952-1973) by Longmans. 
The authors were C.W. Mackworth-Praed and C.H.B. Grant and the two collaborated 
on many taxonomic papers written from 1933 onwards during the preparation of the 
work. 


GRANT, Claude Henry Baxter (1878-1958) 

Captain Claude Grant, F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in London and trained in field 
surveying at London University, started out as a taxidermist at The Natural History 
Museum. He joined the Army for the South African War in 1899 and collected birds and 
mammals on behalf of the Museum. He travelled widely in South and East Africa and in 
South America, joining the British Ornithologists’ Union expedition to Dutch New Guinea 
in 1910. After Army service in eastern Africa in the 1914—1918 War he remained there in 
colonial administration. On returning home in 1932 and until the day of his death he 
worked on African birds at The Natural History Museum, where he was an Honorary 
Associate. He was Editor (1935-1940, 1947-1952) of the Bulletin of the British Or¬ 
nithologists’ Club , Medallist of the British Ornithologists’ Union and Editor (1941-1947) 
of its journal Ibis. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1958: 271-273. 


MACKWORTH-PRAED, Cyril Winthrop (1891-1974) 

Colonel Cyril Mackworth-Praed, O.B.E., M.A., F.L.S., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., 
educated at Sandroyd and Eton, started farming in East Africa and then joined the Army 
during the 1914-1918 War. Later he became a leading member of the London Stock 
Exchange. He had an international reputation for rifle shooting and won an Olympic 
silver medal in 1924. An all-round naturalist, Mackworth-Praed was appointed O.B.E. 
for services to ornithology and awarded the Stamford Raffles Award of the Zoological 
Society of London. He was an Honorary Associate of The Natural History Museum, 
Secretary-Treasurer and Medallist of the British Ornithologists’ Union and Secretary- 
Treasurer and Chairman (1956-1959) of the British Ornithologists' Club. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1975: 116-117. 

(1) One folder of Ts and Ms: gazetteer of African localities, compiled by C.H.B. Grant, 
[1933-1958]. Presented by Colonel C.W. Mackworth-Praed. 

TRING MSS GRANT 


2 AHARONI 


(2) One box of Tss: notes on types and other specimens of African birds borrowed from 
various museums and examined in London, compiled by C.H.B. Grant, 1936-1957. 
Presented by Colonel C.W. Mackworth-Praed. 

TRING MSS GRANT 

(3) One folder: papers on travel itineraries of ornithologists in Africa, compiled by C.H.B. 
Grant, 1934-1957. Presented by Colonel C.W. Mackworth-Praed. 

TRING MSS GRANT 

(4) One folder: papers and maps concerning the ornithological travels in southern Africa 
of Charles J. Andersson (1833-1900), Dr William John Burchell (1782-1863), Sir Francis 
Galton (1822-1911), Ludwig Krebs (1795-1844), Otto Schiitt (1843—c. 1888) and Johan 
August Wahlberg (1810-1856), compiled by C.H.B. Grant, 1953-1957. Presented by 
Colonel C.W. Mackworth-Praed in 1971. 

TRING MSS GRANT 

(5) Three folders & one box: a collection of photographs, some of which were reproduced 
in African Handbook of Birds. 55 are by Dr Gerrit Jeronimo Broekhuysen (1908-1975), 
93 are by W.T. Miller, 175 are by Darrell Charles Herbert Plowes (b.1925) and 828 by Dr 
V.G.L. van Someren (q.v.). Presented by Colonel C.W. Mackworth-Praed. 

TRING MSS AFRICAN 

(6) Two watercolour drawings: Francolinus schlegeli, Bongo Land [Sudan], Stuttgart 
Museum, Type, (31 x 25 cm) [?c.l900] by Henry Jones, arid Pternistis cranchi, Nyasaland, 
(27 x 23 cm) [?c. 1900], almost certainly by the same artist. Henry Jones, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., 
(1838-1921), spent some forty years painting birds at The Natural History Museum and 
most of his paintings are now in the library of the Zoological Society of London. Presented 
by Captain C.H.B. Grant. 

TRING Drawings JONES 

(7) Two watercolour drawings: Francolinus nobilis, (27x17 cm) and Breast feathers of 
Francolinus nobilis, (10x10 cm), c.1934, by H. Gronvold. Reproduced as plates ac¬ 
companying a paper by C.H.B. Grant & C.W. Mackworth-Praed on the Handsome 
Francolin ( Ibis 1935: 582-584). Henrik Gronvold (1858-1940) was born at Praesto in 
Denmark. He came to England in 1892 and stayed, working as a full-time bird artist, 
often in close association with The Natural History Museum. 

TRING Drawings GRONVOLD 


2. AHARONI, Israel (1882-1946) 

Professor Aharoni was born in Vidz in Lithuania, and studied at the University of Prague 
before settling in Palestine. At first a schoolmaster, he became a zoologist and collector 
and in 1930 was appointed to head the Department of Zoology at the Hebrew University 
in Jerusalem. He studied the natural history of the Middle East and that of the Bible, the 
Talmud and other ancient literature, often assisted by his daughter Bat-Sheva. He published 
numerous articles and books including Memoirs of a Hebrew zoologist (1943). 




ALEXANDER 3 


Biographical reference: Y. Leshem. 1983. Centenary of Israel Aharoni, the first “Hebrew” 
zoologist. Israel Land & Nature 8: 158-159. 

(1) Ts (carbon copy) in folder: Birds of Palestine , 1929-1938. Copied from articles by 
Aharoni appearing in Lines of Communication , a diocesan magazine of the Anglian Church 
in Jerusalem. There is no evidence that the copyist was Aharoni himself. Presented by D. 
Mackintosh in 1970. 

TRING MSS AHARONI 


3. ALEXANDER, Boyd (1873-1910) 

Boyd Alexander, F.Z.S., F.R.G.S., M.B.O.U., born at Cranbrook, Kent, and educated at 
Radley College, was a soldier, explorer and zoological collector. He took part in several 
expeditions in Africa including the Alexander-Gosling expedition from the Niger to the 
Nile (1904—1907) on which his two companions, including his brother Claud, died. 
Alexander himself was murdered near Darfur at the age of 37. Awarded the gold medals 
of the Royal Geographical Societies of Antwerp and London, he was author of From the 
Niger to the Nile (1907), and wrote several papers on birds. The greater part of his bird 
skin collection was presented to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1911-12-23) and 
the remainder (BMNH 1936-2-21) was purchased from his family. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1910: 716-729; DNB. 

(1) Five Ms volumes in a box: notes relating to travel and bird collecting in Africa, 
1898-1909. A contents list is available. 

TRING MSS ALEXANDER 


4. ALEXANDER, Wilfrid Backhouse (1885-1965) 

Wilfrid Alexander, M.A., M.B.O.U., born in Croydon, Surrey, was educated at Bootham 
School, York, Tonbridge School, Kent, and King’s College, Cambridge. In 1912 he went 
to the Western Australian Museum in Perth and became Keeper in its Natural History 
Section. In 1926 he returned to England and was appointed Director of the Oxford Bird 
Census which became the Edward Grey Institute of Field Ornithology at Oxford University. 
Alexander founded the Institute’s library which was later named the Alexander Library. 
He was a Medallist of the British Trust for Ornithology and of the British Ornithologists’ 
Union. The author on many papers on botany and on birds, he also wrote The birds of 
the ocean (1928). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1966: 288-289. 

(1) One Ms in folder: Report on the rookeries of the Upper Thames region, [1933]. A shorter 
version of this report which covers mostly Oxfordshire and Berkshire, was published in 
Journal of Animal Ecology 2, 1933: 24—35. Presented. 

TRING MSS ALEXANDER 



4 ANONYMOUS 


5. ANONYMOUS 

(1) One Ms in a folder: Breeding places &c of some of the rarer British species , [188—]. 
TRING MSS ANON 

(2) One watercolour drawing (27 x 37 cm): entitled Desert Larks nest, Karachi, 1895, but 
the lark may have been incorrectly identified. Artist unknown, but the initials may be 
E.M.B. 

TRING Drawings ANON 

(3) One watercolour drawing (35 x 44 cm): Mauritius Blue Pigeon Alectroenas'nitidissima, 
[c. 1900]. Artist unknown. 

TRING Drawings ANON 

(4) One watercolour drawing (33 x 42 cm): New Zealand Wood Owl Sceloglaux albifascies, 
[c. 1900]. Artist unknown. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Drawings ANON 

(5) One watercolour drawing (39 x 46 cm): Kaka Parrots Nestor meridionalis , [18—]. 
Artist unknown. 

TRING Drawings ANON 

(6) One watercolour drawing (35 x 55 cm): Kiwis Apteryx bulleri ( = A. mantelli ), [c.1900]. 
Artist unknown. 

TRING Drawings ANON 

(7) One printed volume: A classified list of the names and Latin synonyms of the British 
birds, including the names of all species observed up to the present time in the British Isles 
(1853) by A.F.S. [Alfred Forbes Sealy]. The book is printed on one side of the page only 
so that it could be used for making specimen labels. This copy is heavily annotated in an 
unknown hand detailing bird skins and eggs (chiefly British) collected, [1852-1856]. 
Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING EGG MSS ANON 

(8) Two printed booklets: The egg collectors reference catalogue. No publisher or date 
given. Printed for egg-collectors to list their own collections. The writer of manuscript 
notes in both copies who listed eggs collected in Britain and Europe, 1879-1908, is 
unknown. Several eggs collected by Reginald Badham Lodge (b. 1852), a pioneer bird 
photographer, are noted. 

TRING EGG MSS ANON 

(9) 51 photographs: birds and sea mammals in the Falkland Islands and Antarctic Islands, 
[19—]. The photographer has not yet been identified. 29 are mounted on card. 

TRING Photographs ANTARCTIC 

(10) One Ms volume: catalogue of a British and European egg collection, 1880-1927, 
[c.1927]. A number of entries refer to eggs collected by L.R.W. Loyd and it seems possible 
this is a catalogue of the collection of Captain Lewis Richard William Loyd (1882—c. 1936) 
which was sold at auction in 1937 and dispersed. 

TRING EGG MSS ANON 





BAILEY 5 


(11) Five watercolour drawings (23 x 36 cm or less): landscapes and scenes, believed to 
be in Norway (Lapland) and Iceland, 1855-1858. Artist unknown but a monogram on 
two drawings is FP or HP with a star symbol. 

TRING Drawings ANON 


6. ARCHER, Sir Geoffrey Francis (1882-1964) 

Sir Geoffrey Archer, K.C.M.G., M.B.O.U., went out to Africa at the age of 19. He was 
in Somaliland from 1913 to 1922, latterly as Governor. Later he was Governor of Uganda 
and Governor-General of the Sudan before moving to India. Archer made collections of 
birds and their eggs, and the eggs he collected in Somaliland for Lord Rothschild came 
to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1941-3-5) with the Rothschild egg collections. 
In collaboration with Eva Godman he wrote The birds of British Somaliland and the Gulf 
of Aden (1937-1961). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1965: 260. 

. (1) One folder of Ms and Ts: Lists of eggs obtained in Somaliland for Lord Rothschild , 
1917-1921, [1921]. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING EGG MSS ARCHER 


7. BAHRAIN 

From 1966, until the departure of British Forces in 1971, an informal group of birdwatchers 
working on the island of Bahrain in the Arabian Gulf kept a central record of the birds 
observed. A few notes were added up to 1975. The information was used during the 
preparation of several Gulf reports, particularly by T. Nightingale and M. Hill for their 
Birds of Bahrain (1993). 

(1) Five Ms volumes: The Bahrain Record [of bird sightings], 1966-1975, compiled by 
Patrick Jackson, Michael Desmond Gallagher, Terry D. Rogers and Chris. I. Griffiths. 
Presented by M.D. Gallagher and T.D. Rogers in 1991. 

TRING MSS BAHRAIN 


8. BAILEY, Frederick Marshman (1882-1967) 

Colonel ‘Eric’ Bailey, C.I.E., M.B.O.U., was born at Lahore in India. After attending 
Edinburgh Academy, Wellington College and the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, 
he was commissioned in the Indian Army, later transferring to the Indian Political 
Department. He served in various parts of Asia, notably Tibet, Sikkim and Nepal and 
described his adventurous life in books such as No Passport to Tibet (1957). Medals were 
awarded by the Royal Scottish Geographical Society, the Royal Geographical Society and 



6 BAKER 


the Royal United Service Institution of India. Bailey’s collection of over 2,000 birds was 
purchased by The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1938-7-15). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1967: 615-616; DNB. 

(1) Four Ms volumes and one Ms in a box: a catalogue of Bailey’s bird collection (4 vols.) 
and species notes relating to birds recorded in Nepal and adjacent areas of Tibet, Bhutan 
and Sikkim, 1922-1938. Presented by the Hon. Mrs. E. Bailey in 1968 
TRING MSS BAILEY 


9. BAKER, Edward Charles Stuart (1864-1944) 

Stuart Baker, C.I.E., O.B.E., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was educated at Trinity College 
in Stratford-on-Avon, then served with the Indian Police for nearly thirty years, mostly 
in Assam. In 1911 he returned to England in charge of the Port of London Police and on 
retirement took up civic duties, becoming Mayor of Croydon. An authority on the birds 
of India, Baker published many papers, revised Fauna of British India - Birds (1922-30) 
and was the author of Nidification of Birds of the Indian Empire (1932-35) and Cuckoo 
Problems (1942). He collected birds and eggs and was also interested in big game, losing 
an arm in an encounter with a leopard, being tossed by a bison and trampled by a 
rhinoceros. From 1913 to 1936 he was Secretary and Treasurer of the British Ornithologists’ 
Union. Baker’s enormous collection of nearly 50,000 Indian eggs was presented to The 
Natural History Museum in 1936, and his cuckoo egg collection was purchased by the 
Museum after his death. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1944: 413^115. 

(1) 18 volumes of Ms data cards: Indian Eggs. Presented in 1944. 

TRING EGG MSS BAKER 

(2) 10 volumes of Ms data cards: Cuckoo eggs. Purchased in 1944. 

TRING EGG MSS BAKER 

(3) One Ms notebook in folder: Notes &c. on eggs collected in Ceylon , [1922-1926] by T.E. 
Tunnard. Baker apparently acquired Tunnard’s entire egg collection which probably came 
to The Natural History Museum with his Indian eggs. This mutilated notebook may refer 
to the eggs Baker did not receive, or discarded; at least one page has been pasted by 
Baker into one of his own egg catalogues. 

TRING EGG MSS TUNNARD 


10. BANKS, John D.N. (b.1927) 

John Banks was born in Ceylon where he became a planter. Together with his wife, Judy 
Mary Banks, he made a study of Ceylon’s natural history and travelled widely in that 
country, writing and illustrating A selection of the birds of Sri Lanka (1980). On retirement 
in 1987, he moved to Jersey in the Channel Islands. 





BANNERMAN 7 


Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (30 x 23 cm): Garrulax cinereifrons, Ashy-headed Babbler 
or Laughing Thrush, an endemic species of Shri Lanka [bird and nest]. The first discovery 
of its nest was described by Judy and John Banks in Journal of the Bombay Natural 
History Society 84, 1987: 682-684. Presented in 1992. 

TRING Drawings BANKS 

(2) Watercolour drawing: Shikra Accipiter badius badius, 1992. Accompanies a photocopy 
of a Ts, The nesting habits of the Ceylon Shikra as observed in Colombo , [1973-74] by Judy 
Banks. Presented by Mrs J.M. Banks in 1992. 

TRING MSS BANKS 


11. THE BANNERMAN COLLECTION 

BANNERMAN, David Armitage (1886-1979) 

Dr David Bannerman, O.B.E., M.A., Sc.D., Hon.LL.D., F.R.S.E., F.Z.S., F.R.G.S., 
M.B.O.U., educated at Wellington College and Pembroke College, Cambridge, was made 
an Honorary Associate of The Natural History Museum in 1950, having worked there 
for over 40 years but never as a member of its staff. He travelled extensively, collected 
birds in the Canary Islands and led The Natural History Museum expedition to Tunisia 
in 1925. He was a prolific author and his works included the eight volume The birds of 
tropical West Africa (1930-51), the twelve volume The birds of the British Isles (1953-63) 
and the four volume The birds of the Atlantic islands (1963-68). Bannerman was a Fellow 
or member of several ornithological societies and received many honours and awards. He 
was Honorary President of the Scottish Ornithologists’ Club, a Medallist of the British 
Ornithologists’ Union and Chairman of the British Ornithologists’ Club (1932-1935). A 
large quantity of material from the preparation of his books was deposited in The Natural 
History Museum, as well as personal memorabilia and his unpublished autobiography. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1979: 520-522. 

BANNERMAN, Winifred Mary (Jane) (1894-1984) 

Mrs ‘Jane’ Bannerman (nee Holland), O.B.E., B.A., M.B.O.U., was born in Wales and 
read modern languages at Bedford College, London. She was one of the first women 
admitted to membership of the British Ornithologists’ Club and wrote on ornithology as 
Mary (Mrs J.B.) Priestley. In 1952 she became the second wife of David Bannerman and 
worked with him on The birds of Cyprus (1958) and his other publications. She was 
appointed O.B.E. for her wartime work with evacuated mothers and children. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. The Times 19 September 1984. 

(1) 18 boxes of papers: the “first” collection of Mss, Tss, notes, diaries, photographs, etc., 
relating to the ornithological works of D.A. Bannerman and Mrs W.M. Bannerman, 




8 BANNERMAN 



DAVID BANNERMAN (1886-1979) 

For over 40 years associated with the “Bird Room” at The Natural History Museum 

where he worked on African birds. 







BANNERMAN 9 


particularly to their works on West Africa, Cyprus and the Atlantic Islands [1928-1968]. 
A finding list is available. Presented 1976 or earlier. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 1 

(2) 20 boxes of papers: the “second” collection of Mss, Tss, notes, diaries, photographs, 
etc., relating to the ornithological works and family papers of D.A. Bannerman and Mrs 
W.M. Bannerman, [c.1886-c.1979]. The collection includes his autobiography and the 
following drawings: 

(a) One watercolour drawing of Canary Islands’ Blue Tits by Henrik Gronvold 
(1858-1940) published as Plate 15 in Ibis 1920, accompanying an article on birds 
of the Canary Islands by D.A. Bannerman. 

(b) One watercolour drawing by Henrik Gronvold of Canary Islands’ Chaffinches, 
published in D.A. Bannerman’s The Canary Islands (1922). 

(c) One watercolour drawing of a young Cuckoo being fed by a Sedge Warbler by 
Roland Green (q.v.). 

(d) One watercolour drawing of a Hammerkop Scopus umbretta bannermani. Artist 
unknown. 

A finding list is available. With this collection are 24 volumes of D.A. Bannerman’s 
publications with cuttings and letters inserted, also a copy of W.L. Sclater’s Systerna 
Avium Aethiopicarum (1924-1930) bound in three volumes with interleaved pages of Ms 
notes by D.A. Bannerman. Presented by Mrs W.M. Bannerman in 1981. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 2 & TRING Drawings BANNERMAN 

(3) 16 boxes of papers: the “third” collection of Mss, Tss, notes, diaries, photographs, 
etc., relating to the ornithological works and family papers of D.A. Bannerman and Mrs 
W.M. Bannerman [c. 1886—c. 1979]. The collection includes the following drawings: 

(a) Nineteen ink line drawings of birds by David Morrison Reid Henry (1919-1977) 
for The birds of the Atlantic islands, Vol.l (1963). 

(b) Thirteen ink line drawings of birds, 1967, by Philip Alexander Clancey (b.1917), 
for The birds of the Atlantic islands, Vol.4 (1968). 

(c) Nineteen ink line drawings of birds and one map by Eric Gorton; most were for 
The birds of the Atlantic islands, Vol.2 (1965). 

(d) Three plates of watercolour drawings of birds, 1969-1970, by C.E. Talbot Kelly 
(q.v.) for D.A. & W.M. Bannerman’s Handbook of the birds of Cyprus (1971), 
also thirteen ink line drawings of birds on tracing paper for the overlays of colour 
plates and an ink drawing on tracing paper of a map for the same work. 

A finding list is available. Presented by T.H. Priestley, the son of Mrs W.M. Bannerman, 
in 1989. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 3 & TRING Drawings BANNERMAN 

(4) One Ms in a folder: Itinerary of Boyd Alexander’s localities on [a] journey from the 
Niger to the Nile 1904-1906, 1920, compiled by D.A. Bannerman. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 

(5) One notebook: Lowe-Bannerman Tunisian expedition - list of birds, [1925], compiled 
by D.A. Bannerman. The birds, now in The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1925- 



10 BARNES 


12-25), were collected by Bannerman and Willoughby Prescott Lowe (1872-1949) on a 
Museum expedition to Tunisia in 1925 ( Ibis 1927, Suppl.: 1-213). 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 

(6) One notebook: Notes on the birds and ornithological literature of the eastern Polynesian 
islands [and GalapagosJ, S. Pacific , [c.1930], compiled by D.A. Bannerman for someone 
about to embark on a voyage to the area. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 

(7) One folder: letters to D.A. Bannerman from Elisabeth Kozlova (23), Prof. N. Gladkow 

(7) , Dr A.I. Ivanov (1), and King Ferdinand of Bulgaria (2 letters and 12 telegrams), 
1934—1960. Presented by Dr D.A. Bannerman in 1976. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 

(8) One folder: 65 letters to David Bannerman from Viscount Alanbrooke, 1943-1962. 
Field-Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, K.G., G.C.B., O.M., D.S.O., D.C.L., M.B.O.U., 
(1883-1963) was an outstanding general of the 1939-1945 War. He was President of the 
Zoological Society of London and Vice-President of the Royal Society for the Protection 
of Birds. Presented by Mrs W.M. Bannerman in 1981. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 

(9) One box: seven notebooks on birds seen in Cyprus, 1954-1969 by D.A. and W.M. 
Bannerman. Presented by Dr D.A. Bannerman. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 

(10) One notebook: bird diary for the Canary Islands and Madeira, 1959-1960. Presented 
by Dr D.A. Bannerman. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 

(11) 645 Ms cards in a box: notes on birds of Madeira and the Azores, [c. 1963]. Compiled 
by D.A. & W.M. Bannerman. Presented by Dr D.A. Bannerman. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 

(12) Two notebooks: bird diaries for the Azores, 1963-1964 by D.A. Bannerman. Presented 
by Dr D.A. Bannerman. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 

(13) 267 Ms cards in a box: notes on birds of the Cape Verde Islands, [1967]. Compiled 
by D.A. & W.M. Bannerman. Presented by Dr D.A. Bannerman. 

TRING MSS BANNERMAN 


12. BARNES, Henry Edwin (1848-1896) 

Lieutenant Henry Barnes, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in Oxford, and educated at Oxford 
University School, was stationed with the Army in Aden, Afghanistan and India. He was 
the author of Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency (1885) and of several papers 
on birds. His bird collections were acquired by J. Davidson (q.v.), who presented and 
bequeathed some of Barnes’ specimens to The Natural History Museum. 





BATES 11 


Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1896: 162. 


(1) One Ms volume: catalogue of Barnes’ collection of Indian birds and eggs, [c. 1876-1896]. 
TRING EGG MSS BARNES 


13. BATES, George Latimer (1863-1940) 

George Bates, LL.D., M.B.O.U., was born in Illinois, U.S.A., educated at Knox College, 
Galesburg and attended the Chicago Theological Seminary. In 1895 he went out to West 
Africa and settled in south east Cameroon. He made a living by farming and by collecting 
natural history specimens during his extensive travels. Many of his birds, eggs, fish, reptiles 
and plants were sent to The Natural History Museum over the years. On retirement in 
1928 he settled in England and wrote Handbook of the birds of West Africa (1930). 
Following two further expeditions to West Africa, Bates began research into the ornithology 
of Arabia, learned Arabic and visited Arabia himself in 1934 when aged over 70. 
Unfortunately, there were problems with the publication of his proposed Birds of Arabia 
which remains in its draft forms. Bates wrote several papers on African and Arabian birds 
for Ibis and bequeathed his remaining bird specimens and his manuscripts to The Natural 
History Museum. A finding list for the manuscripts is available. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1940: 343-348. 

(1) Seven boxes: 43 travel diaries and bird notebooks for West Africa (six boxes), with 
papers, letters and photographs (one box), [1900-1937]. 

TRING MSS BATES 

(2) One notebook in a folder: List of birds eggs from Cameroons, 1904—1915. 

TRING EGG MSS BATES 

(3) Four volumes and one box: drafts of a book on birds of West Africa, [192—], Ts and 
Ms. 

TRING MSS BATES 

(4) One printed volume: Handbook of the birds of West Africa (1930) by G.L. Bates. The 
author’s copy interleaved with his Ms notes. 

TRING MSS BATES 

(5) Nine boxes: papers, notebooks and photographs, being material accumulated by Bates 
during the preparation of his book on birds of Arabia, [1932-1939]. Letters from Harry 
St.John Bridger Philby (1885-1960) are included, as are letters concerning the publication 
of the proposed book. Accompanied by 3 sketch maps showing routes taken by previous 
collectors in Arabia. 

TRING MSS BATES 

(6) One Ms volume: List of birds found in Arabia up to 1934, [1933-1936], compiled by 
G.L. Bates. 

TRING MSS BATES 



12 BEAVAN 


(7) One Ms volume: Birds of Arabia, [1937]. A re-write of the version above. 

TRING MSS BATES 

(8) One Ts volume: Birds of Arabia, [1937]. A copy of the version above. With annotations 
by Bates, H.St.J.B. Philby and R. Meinertzhagen (q.v.). Formerly the property of Philby, 
this copy was given to Meinertzhagen in 1948 with the suggestion that Meinertzhagen 
produce his own handbook of Arabian birds using Bates work as its basis. Presented by 
Colonel R. Meinertzhagen. 

TRING MSS BATES 

(9) One Ms in a box: Birds of Arabia, [1938]. Parts of a carbon copy of the Ts version 
above have been used for species headings. Incomplete. 

TRING MSS BATES 

(10) One Ms in a box: Birds of Arabia, [1939]. A re-write of the version above. 

TRING MSS BATES 


14. BEAVAN, Robert Cecil (1841-1870) 

Captain Beavan served in India with the Bengal Staff Corps for ten years but died at the 
age of 29. He had collected specimens of birds and eggs, some of which are in The Natural 
History Museum, acquired with the Tweeddale and Godman-Salvin collections. Beavan 
was the author of notes on birds of India and the Andaman Islands in Ibis and Proceedings 
of the Zoological Society of London. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1870: 301-302. 

(1) One Ms in a folder: Catalogue of birds collected in the Maunbhoom district (Chota 
Nagpore) in Feby. March & April 1864. Apparently presented in 1938 but donor unknown. 
TRING MSS BEAVAN 


15. BICKERTON, William (1864-1939) 

William Bickerton, F.R.P.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in Hanley in Staffordshire, and 
educated at Saltley College, Birmingham and University College, Nottingham, was a 
teacher and an official of the National Union of Teachers. He was one of the pioneers of 
bird photography and, for many years, the recorder of birds to the Hertfordshire Natural 
History Society as well as its Vice-President. He contributed articles and photographs on 
natural history to books and periodicals, gave lantern slide shows when these were still 
rather a novelty, and was author of books including The home-life of the terns or sea 
swallows (1912) and The baby bird and its problems (1927). He was Mayor of Watford 
from 1931 to 1932. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. West Herts, and Watford Observer, 17 February 1939. 




BIGGER 13 


(1) One folder: papers on Hertfordshire birds with four photographs, 1906-1934. Presented 
by his daughter, Mrs W.H. Thorn, in 1971. 

TRING MSS BICKERTON 

(2) 616 glass plate negatives: photographs of British birds, [?c. 1910]. Some of these 
photographs were reproduced in Nature Pictures published by Gowans & Gray (1912). 
Presented by Mrs W.H. Thorn in 1971. 

TRING MSS BICKERTON 

(13) 117 lantern slides: British [nesting] terns, 1905-1908. Accompanied by a list of the 
slides and a reprint from Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1909 (1910): 
800-802, giving an account of a lecture using the slides. Presented by Mrs W.H. Thorn 
in 1971. 

TRING MSS BICKERTON 

(4) 80 lantern slides : photographs of birds of Shetland, [?c. 1910]. Probably presented by 
Mrs W.H. Thorn in 1971. 

TRING MSS BICKERTON 

(5) One portfolio: eight mounted photographs of British terns, a gull and a snipe, 
1907-1910. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Photographs BICKERTON 


16. BIDDULPH, S. F. 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (51 x 35 cm): Peregrine Falcon, [?c.l900]. 
TRING Drawings BIDDULPH 


17. BIGGER, William Kenneth (11.1918-1965) 

Dr Bigger, O.B.E., M.C., B.A., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.B.O.U., studied at Cambridge 
University and then at St. Thomas’ Hospital in London. From 1918 to 1946 he was in 
Palestine as a medical officer and compiled check-lists of birds for the third edition of 
H.C. Luke & E.K. Roach, The Handbook of Palestine and Trans-Jordan (1934) and 
Jerusalem Naturalists’ Club Bulletin , no. 8, (1945). 500 bird skins he collected were 
presented to The Natural History Museum, others went to C.B. Ticehurst (q.v.). On 
retirement in 1946, Bigger lived in Co. Donegal in Ireland and made several visits to 
relatives in eastern Africa. 

Biographical reference: The Medical Directory 1946. London: Churchill. 

(1) Twelve notebooks in a box: notes on birds of Palestine, 1918-1945 (3 vols.); notes on 
birds of Ireland, 1946 (1 vol.); notes on birds of eastern Africa, 1953-1965 (8 vols.); and 
an annotated copy of J.G. Williams’ Check-list of East African birds (1964), which was 



14 BIRDS’ FEATHERS 


designed for birdwatchers to write down species seen. Presented in 1970 by his son, W.G. 
Bigger. 

TRING MSS BIGGER 


18. BIRDS’ FEATHERS 

(1) Four albums: Birds’ feathers, [c. 1900]. A collection of feathers from 230 species of 
British birds mounted by “T.R.J.”. Purchased in 1966. 

TRING MSS BIRDS 


19. BOLTON, Gambier (d.1928) 

Gambier Bolton, who lived in London, was elected a Fellow of the Zoological Society of 
London in 1889. His photographs are to be found in his own books including A book of 
beasts and birds (1903), in F.E. Beddard’s Natural history in zoological gardens (1905) and 
in other books and encyclopaedias of animal life published in the early years of this 
century. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Four albums: Animal studies : prize medal , [189-]. 166 photographs of animals and 
birds in zoological gardens, some clearly taken in the grounds of Lord Rothschild’s home 
at Tring Park. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 80/E 

(2) Fifteen photographs in an album: The bird islands, Saldanha Bay, S. Africa , 1896. A 
note inside in Bolton’s hand describes Saldanha Bay which he visited with Dr A.C. Stark. 
Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 2/K 


20. BONHOTE, John James Lewis (or John Lewis James) (1875-1922) 

Lewis Bonhote, M.A., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in London and educated at 
Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge. He kept extensive aviaries and studied hy¬ 
bridization and migration. In 1897 he was appointed Private Secretary to the Governor 
of the Bahamas and, from 1913 to 1919, was Sub-Director of the Zoological Gardens at 
Giza in Egypt. Bonhote was Joint Secretary of the 4th International Ornithological 
Congress in 1905, Secretary and Treasurer of the Avicultural Society, Secretary of the 
British Ornithologists’ Union (1907-1913) and Secretary-Treasurer of the British Or¬ 
nithologists’ Club (1920-1922). He wrote Birds of Britain (1907), Vigour and Heredity 
(1915) and, together with F.W. Smalley (q.v.), a paper on colour-pattern inheritance in 
Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1911: 601-619. Bonhote’s diaries and 
letters are with the C.B. Ticehurst manuscripts (q.v.). 




BRADLEY 15 


Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1923: 158-160. 

(1) Two notebooks: List of wild ducks kept and bred at the [Fen] Ditton Aviaries 
[Cambridgeshire], 1900-1906, and List of wild ducks kept and bred at Gadespring, Hemel 
Hempstead , 1907-1912. Bonhote’s collection of hybrid ducks is in The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1924-5-31) having been presented by Dr C.B. Ticehurst and F.W. 
Smalley. 

TRING MSS BONHOTE 

(2) One Ms volume in a folder: Pedigree-list of domestic pigeons of the late J.L. Bonhote’s 
collection , [1908-1912]. Bonhote bequeathed his bird collection jointly to Dr C.B. Ticehurst 
and F.W. Smalley. The domestic pigeons were presented by them to The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1924-5-31) with the manuscript. 

TRING MSS BONHOTE 


21. BOWER, Thomas Henry Bowyer (1862-1886) 

Bowyer Bower was born in Brighton, Sussex. He made two collecting trips to Australia 
between 1884 and 1886 but died of fever in the Northern Territory on the second trip, 
aged 24. Bower’s Shrike-Thrush was named after him. Some of the bird skins he collected 
are in The Natural History Museum (most at BMNH 1887-5-2), presented by his father, 
Captain Bowyer Bower. 

Biographical reference: Obituaries. Ibis 1887: 479-480; South Australian Ornithologist 2, 
1915: 15. 

(1) One notebook in folder: Description]s] of Australian birds , [c. 1886]. 

TRING MSS BOWER 

(2) One notebook in folder: birds collected in north and north-west Australia, 1886. 
TRING MSS BOWER 


22. BRADLEY, Diana Mary (b.1932) 

Diana Bradley (nee Syms), M.B.O.U., was born in Richmond, Surrey, and attended St. 
Paul’s Girls’ School in Hammersmith, London. She worked briefly for the bird ringing 
committee of the British Trust for Ornithology, in their office based at The Natural History 
Museum. In 1953 she visited Rennell Island, one of the Solomon Islands, with her husband. 
Dr J.D. Bradley of The Natural History Museum’s Entomological Department. Birds, 
eggs, and mammals collected were presented to The Natural History Museum (birds 
BMNH 1954-51, eggs BMNH 1954-1). With Torben Wolff, she wrote the Birds section 
of Natural history of Rennell Island, British Solomon Islands (1956). From 1978 to 1990 
Mrs Bradley was Treasurer of the British Ornithologists’ Club. 



16 BRITISH ORNITHOLOGISTS’ UNION EXPEDITION 


Biographical reference: personal information. 

(1) One Ts in a folder: Notes on the birds of Rennell Island , 1953-1956. Presented. 
TRING MSS BRADLEY 


23. BRITISH ORNITHOLOGISTS’ UNION EXPEDITION TO DUTCH NEW 
GUINEA 

An expedition to southern Dutch New Guinea was mounted between 1909 and 1911 to 
celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the British Ornithologists’ Union. Reports on the birds 
collected, which were presented to The Natural History Museum, are in Ibis and reports 
on birds and other groups are in Reports on the collections made by the British Ornithologists’ 
Union Expedition (1916). 

Historical reference: A.F.R. Wollaston. 1912. Pygmies and Papuans. 345pp. London: 
Smith, Elder. 

(1) Two boxes and two albums: papers and press-cuttings concerning the British Or¬ 
nithologists’ Union expedition to southern Dutch New Guinea, 1909-1911, collected 
together by William Robert Ogilvie-Grant (1863-1924) who was the expedition Secretary. 
TRING MSS BRITISH 


24. BUCKLEY, Henry (fLc.1840-c.1887) 

This item is almost certainly that of Henry Buckley, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., of Edgbaston, 
Birmingham, who was elected a member of the British Ornithologists’ Union in 1866 but 
resigned in 1887. Buckley’s was one of the first egg collections obtained by Lord Rothschild 
for Tring Museum and was bequeathed to The Natural History Museum by Lord 
Rothschild (BMNH 1941-1-6). 

Biography unknown. 

(1) Two Ms volumes: [Catalogues of] Henry Buckley’s egg collection , [c. 1840—c. 1877]. The 
second volume is sub-titled American eggs. 

TRING EGG MSS BUCKLEY 


25. BURGESS, Boughey (fl.l846-1855) 

Captain Burgess wrote a series of papers on observations of Indian birds in the Proceedings 
of the Zoological Society of London 1852 to 1855 of which he was a corresponding member. 
Some bird specimens he mentions in his notebooks were sent to the Zoological Society 
of London. 



BUTLER 17 


Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One notebook: Journal & rough notes on the birds of the Dukhun [India], 1846-1851. 
TRING MSS BURGESS 

(2) One notebook: Description of birds of the Dekhun [sic], Book No. II, 1849-1851. 
TRING MSS BURGESS 


26. BUTLER, Arthur Gardiner (1844-1925) 

Arthur Butler, Ph.D., F.E.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in Chelsea, London, was 
educated at St. Paul’s School and attended South Kensington Art School. He worked in 
the Insect Room of the Natural History Museum for 38 years, becoming Assistant Keeper 
of its Zoological Department with special charge of Arthropods. He kept birds and was 
Secretary of the Avicultural Society. In addition to works on entomology, he wrote British 
birds’ eggs (1886) and books on foreign bird keeping. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1925: 722-723. 

(1) One box of Mss: parts of the Ms of British birds with their nests and eggs which was 
published in six volumes 1896-1898. Including Passeres Pt.2 by A.G. Butler, Picariae by 
A.G. Butler, Striges and Accipitres by The Reverend Murray Alexander Mathew (1838— 
1908), Steganopodes by Henry Ogg Forbes (q.v.) and Limicolae by The Reverend Henry 
Horrocks Slater (1851-1934). 

TRING MSS BUTLER 


27. BUTLER, Arthur Lennox (1873-1939) 

Bom in Karachi, Arthur Butler, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was the son of Edward Arthur Butler 
(q.v.). He was educated at Fauconberg School at Beccles, Suffolk, and went to Ceylon as 
a tea planter. He took up bird collecting in India and then in the Malay States, where he 
was appointed Curator of the State Museum in Kuala Lumpur. From 1901 to 1915 he 
was Superintendent of Game Preservation in the Sudan and many of the bird skins he 
collected there were presented to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1915-12-24 & 
1916-9-20). In retirement, Butler made a study of hummingbirds and was instrumental 
in tracing the Loddiges hummingbird collection (q.v.). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1940: 348-350. 

(1) One Ms volume: catalogue of birds collected in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1907-1914. 
TRING MSS BUTLER 

(2) One Ms volume: A tentative list of the birds of the Sudan, [19—]. Probably presented 
by Colonel C.W. Mackworth-Praed. 

TRING MSS BUTLER 



18 BUTLER 


28. BUTLER, Edward Arthur (1843-1916) 

Colonel E.A. Butler, M.B.O.U., born in Warwickshire, the father of Arthur Lennox Butler 
(q.v.), was in the Army serving in Gibraltar, India (eleven years) and South Africa. He 
contributed notes to Stray Feathers , to A.O. Hume’s Nests and eggs of Indian birds (1873) 
and to other publications. Many birds and eggs from his large collections are now in The 
Natural History Museum, some having been presented direct, others having come with 
the collections of A.L. Butler, G.E. Shelley, A.O. Hume and Lord Rothschild. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1916: 644—645. 

(1) Two Ms volumes in a box: List of eggs and skins in the Butler collection (1 vol.) and 
Nesting memoranda (1 vol.) with miscellaneous papers (21 items), [c. 1874—1903]. 

TRING EGG MSS BUTLER 


29. CALDWELL, Edmund D. (1852-1930) 

Caldwell, born in Canterbury, Kent, was a landscape and animal painter whose illustrations 
are to be found in several books on animals including The big game of Africa and Europe 
by F.C. Selous et al (1914). 

Biographical reference: B. Peppin & L. Micklethwait. 1983. Dictionary of British book 
illustrators. 336pp. London: Murray. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (21 x 26 cm): Roan Antelope, 1909. Bequeathed by Lord 
Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 

30. CARRUTHERS, Alexander Douglas Mitchell (1882-1962) 

Explorer and naturalist, Douglas Carruthers, F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in London 
and educated at Haileybury and Trinity College, Cambridge, was a writer of articles and 
books on travel and natural history. He explored and worked as a naturalist in the Middle 
East and Asia and was with The Natural History Museum’s expedition to Ruwenzori and 
the Congo. He was awarded medals of the Royal Geographical Society and the Royal 
Asian Society. 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who , 1961-1970; DNB. 

(1) One notebook in folder: notes relating to birds collected in Mongolia and Central 
Asia, 1910-1911. Some of the birds collected are in The Natural History Museum (BMNH 
1911-8-30 & 1911-12-15) and the expedition was described in his Unknown Mongolia 
(1913). Carruthers was unable to work on his birds as planned and it was much later that 
N.B. Kinnear worked on them while preparing a paper on F. Ludlow’s Chinese Turkestan 
birds (Ibis 1933 & 1934). The notes were presented in the intervening period. 

TRING MSS CARRUTHERS 






CEYLON BIRD CLUB 19 


31. CARTER, Howard (1873-1939) 

Howard Carter, Hon.Sc.D., was born in Swaffham, Norfolk, educated privately, and 
trained by his father to be a draughtsman and watercolourist. He went out to Egypt, 
initially on the staff of the Archaeological Survey of Egypt, then as inspector-in-chief of 
the monuments of Upper Egypt and Nubia. During his supervision of excavations of the 
royal sepulchres and tombs he discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922. 

Biographical reference: DNB. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (11 x 16 cm): Great Spotted Cuckoo Coccystes glandarius, 
shot at Thebes April 22nd 1901. 

TRING Drawings CARTER 

32. CAVE, Francis Orpben (1897-1974) OS WI t\ 

Colonel the Right Reverend Monsignor ‘Katie’ Cave, O.B.E., M.C., M.B.O.U., joined 
the Army during the 1914-1918 War, serving afterwards in India and the Sudan. Following 
the 1939-1945 War he was Chief of Police in the Sudan. He later returned to Sudan as a 
missionary. Bird skins and eggs Cave collected were presented over many years to The 
Natural History Musuem, of which he was an Honorary Associate. He was the author, 
with J.D. Macdonald, of Birds of the Sudan (1955) and a second edition was planned but 
never published. Cave’s Shaksgam expedition notes are with the H. Whistler manuscripts 
(q.v.) 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1975: 390. 

(1) One Ms volume: Ornithological diary : Sudan ornithological expedition 1948-1949. 
Presented. 

TRING MSS CAVE 

(2) One Ts volume (carbon copy): [Ornithological diary of] Sudan ornithological expedition 
1948-1949. A Ts copy of the diary above. Presented in 1957. 

TRING MSS CAVE 

(3) One Ts volume: Birds of the Sudan: additions and corrections , [1955]. Notes adding to 
information given in F.O. Cave & J.D. Macdonald’s Birds of the Sudan (1955) compiled 
for the proposed new edition. Presented in 1972. 

TRING MSS CAVE 

(4) Eight Ms volumes: systematic catalogue of bird specimens collected in Sudan and 
south-west Abyssinia, [1935-1947]. Presented. 

TRING MSS CAVE 

33. CEYLON BIRD CLUB 

The Ceylon Bird Club was founded by a few friends in 1944 with the object of exchanging 
notes and making some permanent record of birds recorded. Its members circulated a 




20 CHALLENGER , H.M.S. 


portfolio containing notes, printed cuttings and photographs. A regular newsletter was 
also produced (typewritten at first) and, for nearly 50 years, their more interesting records 
have been published in the wildlife journal Loris. The Chairman, at one time, was W.W.A. 
Phillips (q.v.). 

Historical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Three Ts (carbon copy) volumes in a box: Ceylon Bird Club Notes , October 1947 - 
March 1973 (incomplete). Presented in 1974 by Mrs K. Morford, whose husband Kenneth 
had been Honorary Secretary of the Club. 

TRING Ornithology Serial 3017 


34. CHALLENGER , H.M.S. 

H.M.S. Challenger was a Royal Naval survey vessel built at Chatham in 1931. Between 
1950 and 1953 she was engaged on sounding and seismic surveys in the Atlantic, Pacific 
and Indian Oceans, the Red Sea and Mediterranean. Reports on birds seen during these 
cruises were sent to The Natural History Museum and noteworthy records were published 
in Ibis 1952 and Emu 1954. 

Historical reference: A.L. Rice. 1986. British Oceanographic Vessels, 1800-1950. 193pp. 
London: Ray Society. 

(1) One folder of Ts: H.M.S. ‘Challenger’ ornithological reports , 1950-1953. With 32 black 
and white photographs of seabirds. Presented. 

TRING MSS CHALLENGER 


35. CHANCE, Edgar Percival (1881-1955) 

Edgar Chance, M.A., M.B.O.U., born at Edgbaston, Birmingham and educated at Trinity 
College, Cambridge, was a businessman. He made an intensive study of the egg-laying 
habits of the cuckoo, a subject of much debate at that time, and finally established with 
the help of cine film that the female cuckoo lays directly into the nest of its fosterer. 
Chance was on the Council of the British Oological Association and his large egg collection 
was purchased by The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1947-18). He was author of 
The Cuckoo's secret (1922), The truth about the Cuckoo (1940) and other publications on 
breeding birds. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1959: 75-76. 

(1) One Ts catalogue and two boxes of notebooks and papers: catalogue of Chance’s egg 
collection (all British) with nine manuscript notebooks and typed lists, printed cuttings 
and maps concerning birds and eggs, [c. 1921-1940]. Accompanied by ten notebooks and 
papers of George J. Scholey and papers of A.E. Lees, all relating to cuckoo breeding. 
TRING EGG MSS CHANCE 





COCHRANE 21 


36. CHAPIN, James Paul (1889-1964) 

Born in New York, James Chapin, Ph.D., Hon. M.B.O.U., was connected with the 
American Museum of Natural History there from 1905, latterly as Curator Emeritus. He 
made several lengthy visits to the Belgian Congo, making his first expedition there at the 
age of 19, and was the author of Birds of the Belgian Congo (1932-54). Dr Chapin was 
President of the American Ornithologists’ Union, Honorary Member of several societies 
and the recipient of numerous honours. See also M.E.W. North. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1964: 392-393. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) in folder: List of birds known from the Belgian Congo and mandated 
territories of Ruanda and Urundi, 1936. Probably presented by Dr D.A. Bannerman to 
whom this copy was dedicated by the author. 

TRING MSS CHAPIN 

(2) One Ts (carbon copy) volume: List of the birds of the Belgian Congo, 1950. Presented. 
TRING MSS CHAPIN 


37. CHAPMAN, Abel (1851-1929) 

Abel Chapman, M.A., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was bom in Sunderland and attended Rugby 
School, then entered his father’s firm of brewers and wine-merchants. He travelled 
extensively in Europe and Africa, hunting, wildfowling and fishing. He was also involved 
with the conservation of wild life and helped set up what is now the Kruger National 
Park. Chapman wrote and illustrated several books including Bird-life of the Borders 
(1889) and Retrospect: reminiscences of a hunter-naturalist in three continents (1928). For 
thirty years, his home was Houxty, in Northumberland. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1929: 348-352. 

(1) One pen and ink sketch (9 x 12 cm): three Pochards on water, [c.1880]. A note by 
T.R. G[oddard] says that the sketch was found amongst Abel Chapman’s old papers in 
the Museum at Houxty in 1929 and was probably done before 1890. 

TRING Drawings CHAPMAN 


38. COCHRANE, Jenny H. (fl.1957) 

Jenny Cochrane was a student at Leicester University who worked at The Natural History 
Museum in 1957, during her vacation. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) 67 pencil drawings in a folder: The microscopic feather structure of down and its 
taxonomic implications, 1957. Accompanied by two leaves of introductory manuscript. 
TRING MSS COCHRANE 



22 CONISBEE 


39. CONISBEE, Lewis Ralph (1897-1991) 

Conisbee, B.A., M.B.O.U., taught English at Hastings Grammar School and founded the 
school’s natural history society. For 15 years he was the Editor of the Hastings & East 
Sussex Naturalist and was the author of A list of the names proposed for genera and 
sub genera of recent mammals 1904 to 1951 (1953). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Hastings & East Sussex Naturalist 14 (6) 1993: 3. 

(1) One folder of Ts (carbon copy): Index generum avium 1901-1950: names proposed for 
genera and subgenera of recent birds during the first half of the 20 th century , [1957]. Presented 
in 1957. 

TRING MSS CONISBEE 


40. COOK , H.M.S. 

H.M.S. Cook was a “Bay” class frigate built in Sunderland and formerly named Pegwell 
Bay and also Loch Mochrum. Her modifications as a survey ship were completed in 1950 
at Devonport dockyard. 

Historical reference: Janes Fighting Ships 1958-1959: 42. 

(1) Tss in a folder: ocean bird logs from sea passages of H.M.S. Cook , including the south 
Pacific and a visit to Christmas Island, 1957-1960. Accompanied by 31 photographs of 
birds. Presented. 

TRING MSS COOK 


41. COTTON, Thomas Atkinson (1856/7-1925) 

Thomas Cotton, F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.R.H.S., was born in Driffield, Yorkshire, and educated 
at York and in France. He collected British birds, eggs and nests, travelling to the Hebrides 
and to the Orkneys and Shetlands. The birds were mounted in cases, often with nests and 
eggs or young. Cotton’s wife, Charlotte, painted the backgrounds and his brother, Charles, 
did the stuffing. While living in Bishopstoke, Cotton presented his natural history collections 
to Hampshire County Council and the birds and eggs were subsequently presented by 
them to The Natural History Museum. Some of the 2,000 eggs were catalogued (BMNH 
1948-8) but the bird skins in their cases remained un-registered and many were subsequently 
destroyed owing to their poor condition. A few birds remain in the Museum’s mounted 
bird collection. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 137, 1925: 
67. 

(1) One box: papers relating to the T.A. Cotton collection of British birds, birds’ eggs, 
fish and mammals, with notes on the collection of the specimens and their preparation 




DAVIDSON 23 


for exhibition, [1886-1911]. Accompanied by letters written in 1936 concerning the 
collection. Presented by Hampshire County Council in 1948. 

TRING MSS COTTON 


42. CURRY, Peter J. (fl.l975-1996) 

Peter Curry, B.Sc., M.B.O.U., is an ecologist. He worked with the Centre for Overseas 
Pest Control, later moving to Australia, and is now working on a rangeland management 
project in Botswana. 

Biographical reference: personal information. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) in folder: Palaearctic migrants in Mali , [c.1975], by PJ. Curry, 
B. Lamarche & J.A. Sayer. Bruno Lamarche was teaching in Mali where he spent some 
years before moving to Mauritania where he is a now a college professor. He has travelled 
widely in these desert regions and is the author of papers on birds of Mauritania and 
Mali. Jeffrey Arthur Sayer, M.B.O.U., worked in Mali and Dahomey. Presented by West 
Palearctic Birds Ltd. in 1979. 

TRING MSS CURRY 


43. DALE, Charles William (1851/52-1906) 

Charles Dale, F.E.S., spent most of his life on the family estates at Glanville’s Wootton, 
near Sherborne in Dorset. For a short period he attended Wadham College, Oxford. He 
inherited a love of natural history from his father and made collections of insects, writing 
notes for entomological journals. Dale was the author of The lepidoptera of Dorsetshire 
(1886) and The history of our British butterflies (1889). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 42, 1906: 91-92. 

(1) One printed volume: The history of Glanville’s Wootton in the county of Dorset by C.W. 
Dale, London, 1878. With handwritten corrections and annotations [to 1905], almost 
certainly by the author. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 61/A 

44. DAVIDSON, James (1849-1925) 

A keen sportsman and naturalist, James Davidson, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born at Maryhill 
near Glasgow and studied at Glasgow and Edinburgh Universities. He entered the Indian 
Civil Service and served in the Bombay Presidency until his retirement in 1897. Part of 
his bird collection was acquired by A.O. Hume and subsequently presented to The 
Natural History Museum with the Hume collection. Davidson’s remaining collection was 
bequeathed to the Museum (birds BMNH 1925-12-23, eggs BMNH 1925-12-25). He was 
the author of papers on birds of India in Stray Feathers. 



24 DELAMERE 


Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1925: 919-920. 

(1) Eleven Ms volumes: notes on Indian birds (9 vols.) and two diaries of journeys made 
in India, [1873-1896]. Finding list available. Bequeathed by Davidson. 

TRING MSS DAVIDSON 

(2) Six Ms volumes: catalogue of the Davidson egg collection from Britain, Europe and 
India. Bequeathed by Davidson. 

TRING EGG MSS DAVIDSON 


45. DELAMERE, Lord (1870-1931) 

Hugh Cholmondeley, third Baron Delamere, K.C.M.G., was born in London and educated 
at Eton. With his interests in big game and photography, he organised expeditions to 
Somaliland and eastern Africa. He made a collection of bird skins for The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1901-2-22) during an expedition with his wife and the taxidermist 
Leonard Harwood in the winter of 1899-1900. He became a well-known pioneer settler 
in British East Africa and his statue stands in Nairobi. 

Biographical reference: DNB. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) in folder: an account of a journey in East Africa, 1899-1900, 
[c. 1901]. 

TRING MSS DELAMERE 


46. DIXON, C.C. (fl.1892-1933) 

Captain Dixon, who spent over 29 years at sea, was the author of a paper on albatrosses 
and other birds of the southern oceans in Transactions of the Royal Canadian Institute 
19(1) 1933: 117-139 & 1 pi. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One folder: Southern ocean birds [1892—c. 1921]. Ts (carbon copy) notes, charts and 
tables concerning albatrosses and other seabirds recorded. 

TRING MSS DIXON 


47. DOLLMAN, John Charles (1851-1934) 

Dollman, R.W.S., F.E.S., was born in Hove, Sussex, and educated at South Kensington 
School of Art and the Art Schools of the Royal Academy. He was well known for his 
paintings of animals and was also interested in British Lepidoptera. An un-registered 
collection of eggs in The Natural History Museum is believed to be that of Dollman. 




DUNN 25 


Biographical reference: Who Was Who, 1929-1940. 

(1) Three notebooks: notes relating to the egg collection (mostly British) of J.C. Dollman, 
[189-]. 

TRING EGG MSS DOLLMAN 


48. DONOVAN, Charles (1863-1951) 

Colonel Charles Donovan, M.D., M.B.O.U., was born in Calcutta. After attending Queen’s 
College, Cork, and Trinity College, Dublin, he was commissioned in the Indian Medical 
Service stationed in Mandalay. He remained in India and Burma in civil and military 
posts doing medical research, latterly as Professor of Biology at Madras University. He 
was interested in birds and butterflies and, during his retirement, wrote Catalogue of the 
Macrolepidoptera of Ireland (1936). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Irish Naturalist 10, 1952: 258-259. 

(1) One notebook in a folder: Naturalist’s Diary or “Hedge Notes” [made in India and 
Burma] by “Bladder Campion”, 1891-1894. Presented by his daughter, Mrs H.E. O’Neil, 
in 1976. 

TRING MSS DONOVAN 


49. DRAKE-BROCKMAN, Ralph Evelyn (1875-1952) 

Lieutenant Colonel Drake-Brockman, D.S.O., M.D., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., F.Z.S., 
M.B.O.U., was a physician specialising in tropical diseases. After Army service in South 
Africa, 1899-1900, he became a Foreign Office medical officer, serving in Uganda, British 
East Africa, Somaliland and Abyssinia until 1915. He collected natural history specimens 
and was author of The Mammals of Somaliland (1910) and numerous papers in scientific 
journals. Several bird skins he collected are now in The Natural History Museum and he 
presented his egg collections (BMNH 1921-12-21 & 1946-7). 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who, 1951-1960. 

(1) Three notebooks: notes relating to the Drake-Brockman collection of birds’ eggs from 
eastern Africa and Somaliland, [1901-1915]. Presented in 1945. 

TRING EGG MSS DRAKE-BROCKMAN 


50. DUNN, Edward (fl. 1933) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One Ts in a folder: A rookery [near Aberdeen, Scotland], 1933. Five photographs have 
been inserted. Presented. 

TRING MSS DUNN 



26 EATES 


51. EATES, Kenneth Ray (c.1893-c.1978) 

Kenneth Eates, M.B.E., F.Z.S., F.R.S.A., M.B.O.U., was in the Indian Police, serving 30 
years in Sind Province. He was Vice-President of the Sind Natural History Society and 
the author of many articles on birds and other vertebrates in Journal of the Bombay 
Natural History Society and other journals. He spent his retirement in Pakistan and was 
commissioned by the Sind Government to write a vertebrate fauna of Sind, although this 
was not completed. An ardent egg collector from his boyhood, he presented some of his 
large egg collection to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1968-1), leaving the 
remainder in Pakistan. 

Biographical reference: T.J. Roberts. 1991-1992. The birds of Pakistan. Oxford: Oxford 
University Press. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) in folder: Memories grave and gay of a field naturalist [in Sind], 
1963. For a book proposed but never published. Presented by Dr C.J.O. Harrison in 
1986. 

TRING MSS EATES 

(2) Tss and two Ms volumes in a box: notes on the birds and vertebrate fauna of Sind, 
[c. 1926-1954]. Some Tss are of notes submitted to journals along with covering letters 
and some may have been published. Presented by Dr T.J. Roberts in 1988. 

TRING MSS EATES 

(3) One Ts (carbon copy) in folder: Details of the oological collection [summary only] and 
catalogue of the natural history library of Mr K.R. Eates, [1954]. Presented by Dr C.J.O. 
Harrison. 

TRING MSS EATES 

52. EDWARDS, Sydenham Teak (1768-1819) 

Born at Usk in Monmouthshire, Sydenham Edwards, F.L.S., was sent to London by 
William Curtis to learn drawing. He was primarily a botanical artist, illustrating works 
such as the Botanical Magazine, and he started the Botanical Register. He also provided 
natural history illustrations, including animals, for Rees’s Cyclopaedia (1819-1820). 

Biographical reference: T.H. Thomas. 1910. Sydenham Edwards of Usk. Transactions of 
the Cardiff Naturalists’ Society 43: 15-19; DNB. 

(1) One volume: Sketches by S. Edwards of [human] figures, birds, animals and [designs 
for] embroidery, [c. 1800]. 67 leaves of pencil, ink and watercolour sketches, frequently 
with several sketches on one leaf. One is dated 1812. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 
TRING Rothschild Library 71/E 

53. ELWES, Henry John (1846-1922) 

Henry Elwes, F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.E.S., M.B.O.U., born in Gloucestershire and 
educated at Eton and on the continent, was a landowner. His travels, studying ornithology, 





FAY ID ORNITHOLOGICAL CLUB 27 


lepidoptera and botany, took him to every country in Europe, extensively in Asia and to 
north Africa and the Americas. He was President of the British Ornithologists’ Union 
(1921-1922), President of the Entomological Society of London, President of the Royal 
English Arboricultural Society and Medallist of the Royal Horticultural Society. Elwes 
was the author of the autobiographical Memoirs of travel, sport and natural history (1930), 
a monograph on lilies and one on trees, and numerous scientific papers. The whereabouts 
of his large egg collection, sold at Stevens’ auctions ( Oologists’ Record 4, 1924: 23), is 
unknown though a few eggs are in The Natural History Museum with the Rothschild 
Bequest. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1923: 152-155; DNB. 

(1) One notebook: Catalogue of birds’ eggs in the collection of Henry John Elwes , [1860-1922]. 
TRING EGG MSS ELWES 


54. EYTON, Thomas Campbell (1809-1880) 

Thomas Eyton, F.G.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., bom in Shropshire and educated at St. 
John’s College, Cambridge, was a magistrate and Deputy-Lieutenant for the county of 
Shropshire. A keen sportsman and naturalist, he built a museum at Eyton Hall near 
Wellington and amassed a large collection of birds and bird skeletons. When the collection 
was sold in 1881, some of the more important skins and skeletons were selected by Dr 
R.B. Sharpe for The Natural History Museum. Eyton was author of Osteologia Avium 
(1867) and other works. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1881: 178; DNB. 

(1) One printed volume: A catalogue of the species of birds in his possession by T.C. Eyton 
(1856). Interleaved with manuscript notes and almost certainly the author’s copy. 
TRING MSS EYTON 


55. FAYID ORNITHOLOGICAL CLUB 

Fayid, in Egypt, is about 30 miles north of Suez on the Great Bitter Lake. A bird-ringing 
station was set up there in 1949 as part of the activities of the General Headquarters, 
Middle East Land Forces, Ornithological Club. 

Biographical reference: H.G. Brownlow. A ringing station in Egypt. Ibis 1952: 128-132. 

(1) One box of Mss and Tss: collection of items from the Fayid Ornithological Club. 
1949-1954. Accompanied by one Ts with 9 photographs on the Crested Lark in Egypt 
and Palestine in 1944 by C.J. Worley and one Ms on birds in the Canal Zone in 1954 by 
R. Norman. Finding list in box. Presented by Reverend G.K. McCulloch in 1993. 
TRING MSS FAYID 



28 FISHER 


56. FISHER, Ian Campbell (b. 1904) 

Born and brought up in Yorkshire, Ian Fisher L.D.S., R.C.S., attended Hull Technical 
College. He graduated in general and dental surgery at Guy’s Hospital in London in 1928 
and took up dental practice in Hull. After war service with the Royal Army Dental Corps 
in Essex and East Anglia, he settled in the south of England. Fisher’s collection of British 
birds’ eggs, started in his youth, was presented to The Natural History Museum in 1995. 
His diaries show a life-long interest in natural history. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) 26 notebooks in two boxes: diaries and natural history notes, 1916-1984. These relate 
mainly to birdwatching in Britain, especially in Yorkshire, but also include details of his 
collections of birds’ eggs and insects. Presented by his daughter, Miss Reita Fisher, in 
1995 & 1996. 

TRING EGG MSS FISHER 


57. FORBES, Alastair Granville (fl.1913-1919) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) Two notebooks: notes on birds, nests and eggs collected in Argentina, 1913-1919. 
Forbes’ collection of eggs from Argentina was presented to The Natural History Museum 
(BMNH 1928-1-1). 

TRING EGG MSS FORBES 


58. FORBES, Henry Ogg (1851-1932) 

Dr Forbes, LL.D., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., born in Aberdeen, was educated at the Grammar 
School there and at the Universities of Aberdeen and Edinburgh. He travelled and collected 
natural history specimens in south-east Asia and became Director of the Canterbury 
Museum in New Zealand in 1890. In 1894 he was appointed Director of the Liverpool 
Museums. Forbes was commissioned by the Peruvian Government to investigate the 
guano islands of Peru. Birds he collected there during 1912 and 1913 are in The Natural 
History Museum (BMNH 1913-11-10). He was on the Council of the Royal Geographical 
Society and was author of many publications, including chapters for A.G. Butler, et al. 
British birds, with their nests and eggs (1896-98) of which some manuscript is held (see 
A.G. Butler). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1933: 135-136. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) volume: Report on Peruvian guano birds and guano islands, 
1911-1913 , [1913]. 38 photographs are included. Inscribed “Copy from the British Embassy, 
Lima, sent by A. Morrison”. 

TRING MSS FORBES 





FROHAWK 29 


59. FORBES-WATSON, Alexander David (fl.1967-1996) 

Alec Forbes-Watson, M.B.O.U., was a professional ornithologist with a particular interest 
in Africa and has worked as a game warden and as a museum curator at the National 
Museums of Kenya. He was engaged by the Nimba Research Committee set up by the 
International Union for the Conservation of Nature to carry out a detailed study of the 
birds of Mount Nimba and to make a representative collection of bird skins. Most of the 
birds he, and others, collected were presented by the IUCN (BMNH 1977-20). Forbes- 
Watson was unable to write up the results of his research and this was subsequently done 
by RR. Colston & K. Curry-Lindahl as The birds of Mount Nimba, Liberia (1986). 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One Ms volume: Mount Nimba [Liberia] birds 1967-1969. Field data sheets. Presented 
by A.D. Forbes-Watson in 1983. 

TRING MSS FORBES-WATSON 


60. FRITH, Clifford Brodie (b.1949) 

Clifford Frith, M.B.O.U., born at Thornton Heath in Surrey, worked briefly at Taronga 
Zoological Gardens in Sydney, Australia, and at the Zoological Society of London. He 
was on the staff of The Natural History Museum from 1967 to 1971 where he worked 
firstly on birds, then on mollusca. Frith then worked as a staff scientist for the Royal 
Society on Aldabra Atoll, wrote several papers on his studies of birds there, and presented 
birds collected to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1977-10). He now lives in 
Australia, working as a natural history writer, publisher, photographer, and field or¬ 
nithologist. 

Biographical reference: personal information. 

(1) One notebook: Birds collected on Aldabra, April 1972 - April 1973. The information 
in the notebook is copied from the original field data. Presented. 

TRING MSS FRITH 


61. FROHAWK, Frederick William (1861-1946) 

Frederick Frohawk, F.E.S., M.B.O.U., born at Dereham, Norfolk, was a keen naturalist 
and gifted artist with a particular interest in butterflies and moths. He was the illustrator 
of many natural history books and journals and over a thousand of his bird illustrations 
were published. Many illustrations were commissioned for Walter Rothschild, including 
plates for Avifauna of Laysan (1893-1900) and Extinct Birds (1907) and some of his 
original drawings are held (see entries for L.W. Rothschild). Frohawk was zoological and 
entomological artist to The Field for many years. 



30 FROME 


Biographical reference: J.E. Chatfield. 1987. F.W. Frohawk: his life and work. 184pp. 
Crowood Press: Marlborough. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (11 x 18 cm): Head of a coot just hatched , 1904. Bequeathed 
by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Drawings FROHAWK 


62. FROME, Norman Frederick (1899-1982) 

Sir Norman Frome, C.I.E., D.F.C., M.Sc., M.I.E.E., born in Bristol and educated at 
Fairfield Grammar School and the University of Bristol, was with the Indian Posts and 
Telegraphs Department for over 20 years. He was the author of papers on birds of India 
published in Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 1945-1948. 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who, 1981-1990. 

(1) Five notebooks in a box: notes on birds seen in India, in the British Isles and elsewhere, 
1922-1969. Accompanied by papers and an album of photographs. Presented by the 
Dorset County Museum in 1987. 

TRING MSS FROME 


63. FRY, Walter (fl.1878-1909) 

Major Fry was Residency Surgeon in Travancore, southern India, for many years. After 
retirement he lived at St. Leonards-on-Sea in Sussex. Between 1878 and 1880 he made a 
collection of bird skins and these were presented to The Natural History Museum in 1909 
(BMNH 1910-5-11). 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One Ms volume: catalogue of birds collected in Travancore, southern India, and notes 
on preparing bird skins, [c. 1878-1880]. 

TRING MSS FRY 


64. FUGGLES-COUCHMAN, Norman Ralph (1907-1993) 

‘Robin’ Fuggles-Couchman, B.Sc., M.B.O.U., was with the Agricultural Department in 
Tanganyika from 1930 to 1962. He contributed articles to Ibis and presented birds and 
eggs collected in Tanganyika to The Natural History Museum over several years. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1994: 109. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) in folder: Breeding records, Tanzania , 1930-62 , [1962-1985]. 
Presented in 1985. 

TRING MSS FUGGLES-COUCHMAN 




GODMAN & SALVIN COLLECTION 31 


65. GIBSON, Ernest (d.1919) 

Ernest Gibson, F.L.S., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was resident in the Argentine Republic 
from 1873 and a contributor of many papers to Ibis on the ornithology of South America. 
Many of Gibson’s bird skins and eggs were donated to The Natural History Museum 
during his life-time but annotations in his catalogues show others going elsewhere. Further 
specimens were presented by Mrs Gibson in 1920. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1920: 500. 

(1) Three Ms volumes in a box: catalogues of bird skins and eggs collected in Argentina 
1893-1919. Probably presented by Mrs Gibson in 1920. 

TRING EGG MSS GIBSON 


66. GLEGG, William Edwin (1878-1952) 

William Glegg, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Edinburgh and educated at Daniel Stewart’s 
College there. He was, by profession, a brewer and moved to London in 1903. Much of 
his spare time was spent watching and studying birds in nearby Essex and he was the 
author of A history of the birds of Essex (1929). He was President of the London Natural 
History Society, the Essex Field Club and the Essex Bird Watching and Preservation 
Society and was also Secretary of the British Ornithologists’ Club (1947-1949). During 
retirement, Glegg moved to Tring to escape the wartime bombing in London and became 
a frequent visitor to Tring Museum. He undertook to register the enormous Rothschild 
Bequest of birds’ eggs and stayed several years working on the many other egg collections 
which were, at that time, stored there. For this work he was made an Honorary Associate 
of The Natural History Museum. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1952: 524-525. 

(1) One box: papers and correspondence relating to a reported change in the migration 
routes of the White Stork, 1944-1946. 

TRING MSS GLEGG 


67. GODMAN & SALVIN COLLECTION 

The important collections of the lifelong friends, Frederick Godman and Osbert Salvin. 
were presented to The Natural History Museum over a number of years. Most had been 
accumulated during the preparation of their 63 volume work, Biologia Centrali-Americana 
(1879-1915). Of birds alone there were over 520,000. A memorial tablet to the two men 
is above the central staircase of The Natural History Museum. Many additional papers 
and notebooks relating to birds are held in the Zoology Library of the Museum. 



32 GODMAN 


GODMAN, Frederick Du Cane (1834-1919) 

Frederick Godman, D.C.L., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S., F.R.G.S., F.E.S., F.Z.S., M.R.I., 
F.R.H.S., M.B.O.U., born in Surrey and educated at Eton and at Trinity College, 
Cambridge, travelled widely making collections of birds, butterflies and plants. He was a 
founder member, Secretary and President (1896-1913) of the British Ornithologists’ Union, 
Medallist of the Linnean Society, President of the Entomological Society, Vice-President 
of the Zoological Society of London and a Trustee of The Natural History Museum. Dr 
Godman was joint author of several works on natural history with Osbert Salvin (see 
below) whom he met at Cambridge University, culminating in the publication of Biologia 
Centrali-Americana. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1919: 326-335. 

SALVIN, Osbert (1835-1898) 

Osbert Salvin, M.A., F.R.S., F.E.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Finchley, 
Middlesex and educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge. For eight 
years, he was Curator of the Strickland Collection of birds at Cambridge University. He 
made visits to North Africa and Central America and collected zoological specimens and 
plants. A founder member and Secretary of the British Ornithologists’ Union, Editor of 
Ibis and President of the Entomlogical Society, Salvin also served on the Councils of the 
Royal, Linnean and Zoological Societies. He was the author of the volumes on petrels 
and hummingbirds in Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum , and of many papers on 
central and southern American birds. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1898: 626-627. 

(1) Four Ms volumes: The Godman and Salvin collection of eggs , [c. 1855—c. 1881]. One 
volume contains notes made on eggs collected by Salvin during visits to Tunisia and 
Algeria in 1857 and to Guatemala in 1858. 

TRING EGG MSS GODMAN 


68. GODWIN-AUSTEN, Henry Haversham (1834-1923) 

Lieutenant-Colonel Godwin-Austen, F.R.S., F.Z.S., F.R.G.S., M.B.O.U., was born at 
Teignmouth, Devon and went to the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. After Army 
service in India and Burma he joined the Indian Survey Department. He surveyed large 
portions of Kashmir and Baltistan and fixed the position and height of K2, the second 
highest mountain in the world, initially known as Mount Godwin-Austen. While in Asia 
he became interested in ornithology, collecting birds (now in The Natural History Museum) 
and writing papers for scientific journals. He was also interested in molluscs and became 
President of the Malacological and Conchological societies. He was President of the 
Geography Section of the British Association and was awarded the Founders’ Medal of 
the Royal Geographical Society. 




GREEN 33 


Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1924: 360-362; DNB. 

(1) Three printed volumes: The birds of India (1862-64) by T.C. Jerdon. Interleaved with 
Ms notes and printed cuttings by Godwin-Austen. 

TRING EGG MSS JERDON 


69. GOLDING, John Anthony (b.1920) 

J.A. Golding, C.V.O., educated at Bedford School and King’s College, Auckland, New 
Zealand, served with the Army in Somalia and then with the Colonial Service in Tanganyika. 
His egg collection was donated to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1973-29). 

Biographical reference: Who’s Who , 1995. 

(1) One Ms in a folder: notes on nesting birds and eggs in the western province of Tanzania 
1956-58, [1973]. Presented. 

TRING EGG MSS GOLDING 


70. GREAT AUK 

The Great Auk was a large, flightless, seabird which formerly occurred in the North 
Atlantic but became extinct in the mid nineteenth century. The sale and dispersal of the 
few remaining skins and eggs of Great Auks have always attracted attention because of 
their high prices. 

(1) One volume: Papers and illustrations of remains of the Great Auk, Alca impennis, 
1870-1919. The first part of the volume was from the library of Colonel Hanbury Barclay 
(d.1909) who had made a handwritten index of the contents. In 1911 it was sold at auction 
and passed into the possession of Thomas Parkin, M.A., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., 
(1845-1932) who continued the collection of printed papers and added letters, press- 
cuttings and photographs concerning sales of Great Auk relics. Purchased in 1961. 
TRING Rothschild Library 17C/C 


71. GREEN, Roland (1896-1972) 

Roland Green, F.R.S.A., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born at Rainham, Kent and educated at Sir 
Joseph Williamson’s School, Rochester, was a well-known bird painter who lived for 
almost fifty years at Hickling on the Norfolk Broads. His illustrations are in a number 
of books and journals including D.A. Bannerman’s Birds of tropical west Africa (1930-1951) 
and African handbook of birds (1952-1973) and he was the author of books including 
Wing-tips (1947). A drawing of a Cuckoo is in the Bannerman collection (q.v.) 



34 GREY 


Biographical reference: Who Was Who, 1971-1980. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (39 x 57 cm): Teal and Shoveler taking flight. Presented by 
Mrs B.P. Hall in 1970. 

TRING Drawings GREEN 


72. GREY, Sir Edward (1862-1933) 

The Right Honourable Sir Edward Grey, Viscount Grey of Fallodon, K.G., D.C.L., 
F.R.S., F.ZS., M.B.O.U., born in London, and educated at Oxford, was Britain’s Foreign 
Secretary from 1905 to 1916 and later became Chancellor of Oxford University. He was 
a Trustee of The Natural History Museum. Grey was the author of The charm of birds 
(1927), a book which did much to promote bird watching and nature conservation and 
went into many editions. The Edward Grey Institute of Field Ornithology in Oxford is 
named after him. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1934: 177-178; DNB. 

(1) One leaf in folder: letter to L.J. Watson, 12 Sept. 1928, dictated by Lord Grey of 
Fallodon. Presented by L.J. Watson in 1983. 

TRING MSS GREY 

(2) Five photographs in a folder: Wood Ducks, taken by Seton Paul Gordon (1886-1977), 
and used to illustrate a paper by Grey on the habits and breeding of Mandarin and North- 
American (Carolina) Wood Ducks which was published in Natural History Magazine 
2(16) 1930: 249-257. 

TRING MSS GREY 


73. GROSS, Alfred Otto (1883-1970) 

Alfred Gross, Ph.D., born in Mackville, Illinois, attended the University of Illinois 
Academy and was director of the Illinois Natural History Survey censusing bird populations 
before entering Harvard University. He lectured at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, 
becoming Professor of Natural Science and was the author of many papers on American 
birds. In 1923 Gross began a study of the Heath Hen on the island of Martha’s Vineyard 
in a vain attempt to save it from extinction, and was the author of several papers on the 
species. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Auk 88, 1971: 520-527. 

(1) Five photographs in a folder: The last Heath Hen, Tympanuchus cupido, at Martha’s 
Vineyard, Massachusetts, U. S.A. , 1929-30. One photograph is published in W.T. Hornaday’s 
Thirty years war for wildlife (1931). 

TRING Photographs GROSS 





GURNEY 35 


74. GUNN, Thomas Edward (1844-1923) 

Thomas Gunn, F.L.S., was bom at Norwich in Norfolk and educated at the old Blue 
Coat School. He was apprenticed to John Sayer, a Norwich taxidermist, taking over the 
business on Sayer’s death. A master craftsman, he won medals and honours for his skill 
in the art of taxidermy and wrote several papers on birds of East Anglia. He was a 
founder member of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists’ Society. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Transactions Norfolk & Norwich Naturalists’ Society 11, 
1923: 484-486. 

(1) One Ms volume: Index to [a] collection of [British] birds, [c.1900]. Included are line 
drawings, some of which are initialled “F.E.G.” Presented in 1948 by his son, Frederick 
Ernest Gunn, who was also a taxidermist, together with a collection of 88 cases of mounted 
birds. 

TRING MSS GUNN 


75. GURNEY, John Henry (1819-1890) 

John Gumey, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was educated at the Friends’ School, Tottenham, London. 
He was by profession a banker in the family business and was also a Member of Parliament 
and a magistrate. Gumey was a founder member of the British Ornithologists’ Union, an 
Honorary Member of the American Ornithologists’ Union and President of the Norwich 
and Norfolk Museum. He founded the Gumey collection of raptorial birds at the Norwich 
and Norfok Museum which were purchased by The Natural History Museum in 1955 
(BMNH 1955-6). Author of A list of the diurnal birds of prey (1884) and of numerous 
papers, particularly on birds of prey. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1890: 392-396. 

(1) One Ms volume: A catalogue of birds of prey in the Norfolk and Norwich Museum 
arranged by John Henry Gurney , 1889. The compiler’s son, J.H. Gumey, Jr., produced 
Catalogue of the Birds of Prey (1894) using this manuscript. Presented by the Castle 
Museum, Norwich in 1954. 

TRING Aves Registers 

(2) One letterbook: Correspondence on birds of prey, 1867-1887. Presented by the Castle 
Museum, Norwich in 1960; it had been presented to them by J.H. Gumey Jr., in October 
1903. 

TRING MSS GURNEY 

(3) One letterbook: Correspondence on the birds of prey in the Museum between John Henry 
Gurney and James Reeve, 1856-1890. James Reeve was curator at the Norfolk and Norwich 
Museum and the volume contains four of his drawings. Presented by the Castle Museum. 
Norwich, in 1960. 

TRING MSS GURNEY 



36 HAIG THOMAS 


(4) One Ms volume: List of diurnal birds of prey , 1882. Notes for most of the second half 
of A list of the diurnal birds of prey (1884) by J.H. Gurney. Presented by the Castle 
Museum, Norwich in 1960. 

TRING MSS GURNEY 


76. HAIG THOMAS, Rose (fl.1896-1938) 

Mrs Haig Thomas, F.L.S., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was the author of.papers on 
pheasant breeding experiments in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London and 
Journal of Genetics between 1909 and 1927. Skins and feathers of pheasants and their 
hybrids were presented to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1934-9-21 & 1934-12-18). 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Eight boxes of Mss, Tss and photographs: notes and records on the breeding of 
ornamental pheasants, 1906-1918. Presented in 1934. 

TRING MSS THOMAS 


77. HAIGH, George Henry Caton (1860-1941) 

Caton Haigh, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in County Dublin, inherited the large agricultural 
estate of Grainsby Hall in Lincolnshire, and also owned properties in Yorkshire and 
Merionethshire. He was a magistrate and High Sheriff for Lincolnshire; shooting, hor¬ 
ticulture and ornithology were his hobbies. Haigh presented his bird collection to The 
Natural History Museum (BMNH 1938-3-19) and many of his bird records were published 
in Transactions of the Lincolnshire Naturalists’ Union and British Birds. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1941: 467-468. 

(1) Twelve Ms volumes: bird diaries for Lincolnshire, 1888-1940 (8 vols.), for Wales, 
1888-1925 (3 vols.), and general bird notes (1 vol.). Together with an index to vertebrates 
recorded in Lincolnshire (1 box) and other papers (1 folder). It seems likely that the 
vertebrates index was actually compiled by the Reverend E. Adrian Woodruffe-Peacock, 
F.G.S., F.L.S. (b. 1858) and perhaps others. Bequeathed by Haigh. 

TRING MSS HAIGH 


78. HALL, M. Fae (fl.c.1954-1962) 

Dr Hall was at the Department of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy at Oxford 
University and was author, or co-author, of papers on social behaviour patterns and song 
of estrildid finches. 



HARGITT 37 


Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) volume: observations on Estrildidae breeding in captivity, [? 
c.1960]. Presented. 

TRING MSS HALL 


79. HAMILTON, James Erik (1891-1957) 

Dr “Ham” Hamilton, I.S.O., D.Sc., L.R.G.S., L.L.S., L.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was educated at 
the University of Liverpool. He spent nearly forty years in the Lalkland Islands, firstly 
as a magistrate and Government Naturalist with a long period of secondment to the 
Discovery Investigations staff*in South Georgia, and then during retirement. While working 
primarily on marine mammals, Hamilton collected bird skins and eggs which he donated 
to The Natural History Museum. He was awarded the Polar Medal in 1943. A summary 
of his observations on birds was published in Ibis 103a, 1961: 1-24 by E.M. Cawkell. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Nature , London, 180, 13 July 1957: 68. 

(1) Mss and Tss in a folder: notes on birds of the Lalkland Islands with 15 photographs, 
1922-1945. 

TRING MSS HAMILTON 


80. HARDWICKE, Thomas (1755-1835) 

Major-General Thomas Hardwicke, F.R.S., F.L.S., spent much of his life in military 
service in India. He was Vice-President of the Asiatic Society of Bengal and on the Council 
of the Linnean Society. He was interested in all branches of natural history as a collector 
of specimens (one of the earliest in India) and also employed artists to draw them. He 
presented large collections of specimens and drawings to The Natural History Museum. 

Biographical reference: N.B. Kinnear. 1925. The dates of publication of the plates of the 
birds in Gray and Hardwicke’s Illustrations of Indian Zoology , with a short account of 
General Hardwicke. Ibis 1925: 484-489. 

(1) One volume of 57 watercolour drawings: Illustrations in water-colour of Indian zoology 
and botany, 1822, by Major-General Hardwick [sic] and Mrs Duncan Campbell. Bequeathed 
by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 14/F 


81. HARGITT, Edward (1835-1895) 

Edward Hargitt, R.I., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in Edinburgh, studied art in the schools of 
the Royal Scottish Academy. He made a fine collection of European birds and eggs, many 
of which are now in The Natural History Museum, the eggs having arrived with the 



38 HARINGTON 


Henry Seebohm collection in 1893. Woodpeckers were the subject of Hargitt’s special 
study and he was the author of Vol.18 (Picariae), 1890, of the Catalogue of the Birds in 
the British Museum as well as of several papers in Ibis in the 1880’s. During his later 
years, he prepared 1300 drawings of woodpeckers for a proposed monograph, but the 
whereabouts of these is currently unknown. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1895: 302-304. 

(1) One Ms volume: catalogue of the Hargitt collection of European birds and eggs, 
1868-1885. 

TRING EGG MSS HARGITT 


82. HARINGTON, Herbert Hastings (1868-1916) 

Lieutenant Colonel Harington, M.B.O.U., was born at Lucknow in India. Educated at 
Malvern, he served with the Army in Burma for over twenty years and for five years was 
attached to the Burmese Police. He was killed in action in Mesopotamia. Harington 
presented small numbers of bird skins and eggs to The Natural History Museum. The 
author of articles in the Rangoon Gazette which were reproduced as The Birds of Burma 
(1909), he also wrote for Ibis and Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1916: 499-500. 

(1) One printed volume: The birds of Burma , 1909. The author’s copy, interleaved with 
his manuscript notes and printed cuttings. Presented by General Sir Charles Harington 
in 1970. 

TRING MSS HARINGTON 


83. HAROLD HALL AUSTRALIAN EXPEDITIONS 

Major Harold Hall was an Australian philanthropist interested in natural history. He 
generously financed a series of five expeditions to Australia to study and collect birds and 
these took place between 1963 and 1968. Several members of the expeditions were from 
The Natural History Museum, others from Australian museums, assisted by amateurs 
from both countries. 

Historical reference: B.P. Hall (ed.). 1974. Birds of the Harold Hall Australian Expeditions, 
1962-1970: a report on the collections made for the British Museum (Natural History). 
396pp. London: British Museum (Natural History). 

(1) c.7 metres of boxes and loose-leaf files: papers relating to the Harold Hall bird collecting 
expeditions to Australia, 1962-1971. These include 13 boxes of Mss relating to a pre¬ 
expedition survey of Australian bird material held in The Natural History Museum, 35 
small loose-leaf files of field data and reference slips, 18 loose-leaf files of specimen data 
sheets and two boxes of photographs. A finding list is available. Presented. 

TRING MSS HAROLD HALL 




HARTERT 39 



ERNST HARTERT (1859-1933) 

Director of Walter Rothschild’s Zoological Museum at Tring for 38 years and the 
author of Die Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna (1903-22) 






40 HARTERT 


84. HARTERT, Ernst Johann Otto (1859-1933) 

Ernst Hartert, Ph.D., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Hamburg in Germany and educated 
at the University of Konigsberg. He travelled in West Africa, the East Indies, India and 
the Dutch West Indies as a zoological collector, writing an account of these journeys in 
Aus den Wanderjahren eines Naturforschers (1901-1902). In 1892, he was appointed as 
Director of Lord Rothschild’s Zoological Museum at Tring where he remained for 38 
years, often travelling in Europe and North Africa with his employer, until retiring in 
1930. He was the author of numerous papers on zoology, many of them in the Tring 
Museum journal Novitates Zoologicae of which he was one of the editors, and was largely 
responsible for the acceptance of trinomial names for geographical representatives. His 
major work was Die Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna (1903-22). Dr Hartert was a Medallist 
of the British Ornithologists’ Union, Vice-President of the British Oological Association, 
Honorary Fellow of the American Ornithologists’ Union, Joint Secretary (with J.J.L. 
Bonhote) of the 4th International Ornithological Congress in London in 1905 and President 
of the 1926 Congress in Copenhagen. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1934: 178-179, 350-377. 

(1) One Ms in a box: Aus den Wanderjahren eines Naturforschers: Reisen und Forschungen 
in Afrika, Asien und Amerika, by Ernst Hartert. Published 1901-1902 in Novitates Zoo¬ 
logicae , and afterwards in book form. Accompanied by corrected proofs. Bequeathed by 
Lord Rothschild. 

TRING MSS HARTERT 

(2) One box: papers relating to the organisation of the Fourth International Ornithological 
Congress of 1905 and to the publication of its Proceedings, 1904-1905. Included are some 
100 letters to Hartert from J.J.L. Bonhote (q.v.) who was Joint Secretary, Richard Bowdler 
Sharpe (1847-1909) who was the President, and from members of the committees and the 
delegates. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING MSS HARTERT 

(3) One Ms in a box: Die Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna , Band 1, Heft 4, by Ernst Hartert. 
Published 1907. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING MSS HARTERT 


85. HOPKINSON, Emilius (1869-1951) 

Emilius Hopkinson, C.M.G., D.S.O., M.A., M.B., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., 
was educated at Haileybury and at Trinity College, Oxford, and studied medicine at 
St.Thomas’ Hospital in London. He held civil appointments in the Gambia for nearly 
thirty years and collected living birds for the Zoological Gardens in London, also bird 
skins. Unfortunately, a large part of his skin collection was lost at sea during the 1914-1918 
War. Dr Hopkinson was the author of A list of the birds of Gambia (1919) and Records 
of birds kept in captivity (1926). His typed list of references to published plates of West 
African birds is in the Zoology Library of The Natural History Museum. 




HUME 41 


Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1952: 524. 

(1) One Ts volume: List of genera of birds [of the world], 1938. Heavily annotated by the 
author. Presented in 1938. 

TRING Ornithology Library 70 H 


86. HORNE, George (1826-1896) 

George Horne made a collection of birds’ eggs which was presented to The Natural 
History Museum in 1981. He was the author of Authenticated list of the birds of Herefordshire 
(1889) and was known for breeding pheasants. 

Biographical reference: W.H. Mullens & H.K. Swann. 1916-1917. A Bibliography of British 
ornithology. 691pp. Macmillan: London. 

(1) Mss in folder: notes on birds of Herefordshire (9 items) and a notebook listing a 
collection of British birds’ eggs, [1884-1888]. Together with two annotated copies of 
Horne’s book, six press cuttings and a printed copy of A list of British birds . . . for 
labelling eggs compiled by Herbert Marden (1881). Entries in the egg notebook are 
continued until 1916 so must have been made by someone else. Presented by Mrs T. 
Howell in 1981. 

TRING MSS HORNE 


87. HOWITT, Samuel (c.1765-1822) 

Samuel Howitt was a member of a Nottinghamshire Quaker family. In financial difficulties, 
he took up painting and etching, particularly of sporting subjects. For a time, he was a 
drawing master at Ealing, near London, and exhibited at the Royal Academy. Howitt 
illustrated several books including his own The British sportsman (1812) and British 
preserve (1824). 

Biographical reference: DNB. 

(1) One volume: 71 watercolour drawings of British and foreign birds. The only dated 
drawing is 1821. Some drawings are annotated “from life” while others give the names of 
dealers in bird skins such as Bullock or Leadbeater. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 
TRING Rothschild Library 9/H 


88. HUME, Allan Octavian (1829-1912) 

Allan Hume, C.B., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in London. After a short spell at 
sea he attended Haileybury Training College, and went out to India where he had a long 
and distinguished career in its Civil Service. On retirement he remained in India for several 
years, active in ornithology and politics, and founded the Indian National Congress. 



42 IMA GINES PISCIUM 


Hume edited his own journal, Stray Feathers , published in Calcutta from 1872 to 1899, 
and was the author of books including Nests and eggs of Indian birds (1873-1875) as well 
as numerous papers on Indian birds. He spent 25 years preparing a book on the Indian 
avifauna but his nearly completed manuscript was stolen. Disheartened, Hume decided 
to dispose of his enormous collection of 62,000 bird skins and 19,000 birds’ eggs and 
donated it to The Natural History Museum. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1912: 661-663; DNB. 

(1) One notebook in folder: notes on birds seen in India, 1864-1865. Presented by Mrs S. 
Imeson in 1922. 

TRING MSS HUME 

(2) One printed volume: Catalogue of birds, eggs and nests (Mr. Allan Hume’s museum 
catalogue), 1868. A printed list of bird species of India, interleaved and annotated in the 
hand of Hume himself, indicating species held and species required for his collection. 
Purchased in 1936. 

TRING MSS HUME 


89. IMAGINES PISCIUM 

(1) One volume: Imagines piscium, ranarum testudinum, 'vermiformiumque animaculorum, 
[18—]. 266 pages of watercolour drawings of fish, frogs, tortoises and invertebrates, often 
with several drawings on one page. Titles and indexes are handwritten in German. 
Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 74/F 


90. INDIAN BIRDS 


(1) One volume: Indian birds , [?c.l800]. 45 watercolour drawings (47 x 30 cm). Paper 
water-marked Whatman 1794. The birds have been given local names. A note in English 
says that the drawings “correspond exactly to their real form and dimensions” and an 
annotation on the drawing of a Wryneck refers to the work of Buffon. Bequeathed by 
Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 9/H 

91. INDIAN BIRDS COLOURD 

Historical reference: T. Gaik & G. Hayter. 1984. Birds in an Indian Garden: nineteen 
illustrations from the Impey collection. 21pp. London: Michael Goedhuis Ltd. 

(1) One volume: Indian birds colourd (sic), [c. 1780]. 47 watercolour drawings (most 48 x 
34 cm) of which 43 are of birds, two are of flowers, and two are of mammals. Nearly 





JACKSON 43 


every bird is shown on a flowering or fruiting plant. Thirteen of the drawings bear the 
name Sheikh Zayn al-Din in Persian (Farsi). He is known to have been one of the artists 
who painted for Lady Mary Impey (1749-1818), wife of the Chief Justice of Bengal. 
Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library, Cabinet 3. 


92. INGLIS, Charles McFarlane (1870-1954) 

Charles Inglis, F.E.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Elgin, Scotland. At the age of 18 
he went to India to become a planter and spent the rest of his life there. An interest in 
natural history, particularly birds, butterflies and dragonflies, led to him becoming Curator 
of the Museum of the Darjeeling Natural History Society and he founded and edited its 
journal. Inglis painted birds, keeping many in aviaries, and made a large collection of 
bird skins and eggs. A few eggs were acquired indirectly by The Natural History Museum 
but the fate of the rest of the egg collection is unknown. He was the author of many 
notes in Indian scientific journals and wrote and illustrated Birds of an Indian Garden 
(1924) with T.B. Fletcher. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Journal of the Bengal Natural History Society 24, 1954: 
1 - 8 . 

(1) One printed pamphlet in a folder: List of eggs in the collection of . . . compiled by 
E.C.S. Baker, [19—■]. The pamphlet was designed for use by egg collectors in India and 
this copy was annotated by Inglis to form a list of his own Indian egg collection. 
TRING EGG MSS INGLIS 


93. JACKSON, Christine Elisabeth (b.1936) 

Mrs Christine Jackson was born in Huddersfield, Yorkshire, and attended Greenland 
High School in Huddersfield and the Manchester Library School. Formerly a librarian, 
she is now a writer and lecturer, the author of British names of birds (1968) and several 
books and papers on bird artists and illustrators. 

Biographical reference: personal information. 

(1) One Ts volume: A dictionary of bird words: how, when, why and from whom British bird 
species acquired the English and scientific names, 1983. Presented in 1984. 

TRING MSS JACKSON 


94. JACKSON, Sir Frederick John (1860-1929) 

Sir Frederick Jackson, K.C.M.G., C.B., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in Yorkshire and 
educated at Shrewsbury and at Jesus College, Cambridge, spent 30 years as a Colonial 
Service administrator in eastern Africa. He served as Lieutenant-Governor in East Africa 




44 JOHNSON 


(now Kenya) and as Governor of Uganda. A great sportsman and explorer, he devoted 
all his spare time to studying natural history and was founder and President of the East 
Africa and Uganda Natural History Society. Jackson donated types and other important 
specimens of birds and eggs to The Natural History Museum but his main collection was 
sold and dispersed. He wrote many papers on birds and game animals and at the time of 
his death was preparing The birds of Kenya Colony and the Uganda Protectorate (1938). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1929: 344-348; DNB. 

(1) Twelve volumes: Occasional notes [on the wild life of] East Africa and Uganda, 
1908-1917 (1 Ms vol.) heavily annotated by H.B. Thomas in 1955; East African [bird] 
collection catalogue, 1888-1917 (9 carbon copy Ts vols. with entries continued in Ms); 
Catalogue of birds, birds-eggs, butterflies, beetles, miscellaneous insects, and big game 
trophies collected in British East Africa (Kenya Colony) and Uganda [?c. 1917] (1 Ts vol.), 
heavily annotated. Lady Jackson presented the 9 volume catalogue in 1940 and the 
Occasional notes in 1957. 

TRING MSS JACKSON 

95. JOHNSON, Theophilus (1836-1919) 

Theophilus Johnson was born in Tottenham, Middlesex. He was an amateur naturalist 
and artist, spending much of his time studying and sketching animals at the Gardens of 
the Zoological Society of London. Apprenticed to the stationery and printing trade, he 
started a printing business and printed his own books, illustrating them with his own 
watercolour illustrations. During the last twenty years of his life he lived in Dartford and 
made a detailed study of its fauna and flora. 

Biographical reference: H. Radclyffe. 1995. Theophilus Johnson: amateur naturalist, artist 
and publisher extraordinaire. Archives of Natural History 22: 183-190. 

(1) One volume: Wild animals: birds, 1891. 26 watercolour drawings accompanied by 
letterpress text. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 9/H 

(2) One volume: Illustrations of typical birds, Second Series, 1900. 24 watercolour drawings 
accompanied by letterpress text. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 9/H 

(3) One volume: Illustrations of the feline carnivora including the tiger-cats and lynxes, 
1900. 25 watercolour drawings accompanied by letterpress text. Bequeathed by Lord 
Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 9/H 

96. JONES, John P. (A.195&-1993) 

John Jones worked in Ghana in 1958 and 1959 and made visits to Nigeria and Togoland. 
He was Secretary of the Accra branch of the Nigerian Field Society and a registered bird 
ringer. 



JOURDAIN 45 


Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Mss in a folder: West African birds : mainly Ghana , 1958 (one notebook summarising 
observations), and notes on birds seen in Ghana, Nigeria and Togoland, 1958-1959. 
Presented in 1993. 

TRING MSS JONES 


97. JOURDAIN, Francis Charles Robert (1865-1940) 

The Reverend Francis Jourdain, M.A., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Ashbourne, 
Derbyshire and educated at Magdalene College, Oxford, being ordained in 1890. He 
travelled extensively in Europe and North Africa and led the first Oxford University 
expeditions to Spitsbergen. Recognised as a leading authority on the breeding biology of 
birds of Europe, he was President of the Oxford Ornithological Society and was an 
Honorary Fellow or member of many ornithological societies. Jourdain’s egg collection, 
most of which had been purchased by Captain Vivian Vaughan Davis Hewitt, was presented 
to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1973-1) by the British Trust for Ornithology. 
Jourdain was a prolific author and was involved with many of the standard works on 
British birds including The handbook of British Birds (1938-1941). The British Oological 
Association, of which he was a founder member, Bulletin Editor and President, was re¬ 
named The Jourdain Society in his memory. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1940: 504-518; DNB. 

(1) One box of Mss: two notebooks on British birds observed and eggs collected (1899 & 
1901), letters from several correspondents concerning eggs (1895-1931), and other papers 
relating to his egg collection. Presented by the British Trust for Ornithology in 1973. 
TRING EGG MSS JOURDAIN 

(2) Two boxes: eleven notebooks and a collection of letters and other papers relating to 
the Jourdain collection of eggs from Europe, Africa and Asia, [c. 1881-1934]. Included are 
a notebook on birds observed in Britain and Holland, 1902; a notebook on birds observed 
in Britain and Demark, 1903; a notebook listing eggs of African birds received, 1898-1901; 
a notebook on eggs collected on the 1921 Oxford University expedition to Bear Island 
and Spitsbergen and subsequent collections there, 1921-1932; a catalogue of all Jourdain’s 
eggs from the Western Palearctic Region; a typescript catalogue of Jourdain’s egg collection 
dated June 1923; a catalogue of the egg collection of J. de Chavigny; a catalogue of the 
North African egg collection of Georges Cogneau; notes on birds and eggs in Mesopotamia 
and Persia 1918-1919 including some by Patrick Alfred Buxton (1892-1955); and a 
watercolour drawing of eggs by Henrik Gronvold (1858-1940) for a plate in Ibis. Presented 
by the British Trust for Ornithology in 1984. 

TRING EGG MSS JOURDAIN 

(3) One Ms in folder: List of birds seen in Cyprus, chiefly at Larnaca and Famagusta 
between March 7 and 18th 1927 by W.H. Riddell. William Hutton Riddell (1880-1947), 
born in Bragborough, Northamptonshire, was a naturalist, sportsman and wildlife painter 



46 KENNEDY 


with plates published in the works of Abel Chapman and H.C. Brocklehurst. He lived in 
Spain for 18 years and was the author of Ducks and geese in Spain (1946). Presented by 
the British Trust for Ornithology with the Jourdain egg collection in 1973. 

TRING MSS RIDDELL 


98. KENNEDY, Norman D. (fl.1945-1946) 

Sergeant Kennedy of the Royal Air Force collected birds and a few mammals-in Manipur 
between December 1945 and February 1946. They were presented to The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1949-76). 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One notebook in a folder: Collections of birds and mammals for Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) 
by Kanglatongbi [Manipur, India] Field Team , 1945-1946. Accompanied by a typescript 
version entitled Birds of Manipur. 

TRING MSS KENNEDY 


99. KESBY, John D. (fl. 1966-1975) 

John Kesby lived in the Kondoa district in Tanzania from 1963 to 1966 while writing an 
account of the Rangi people. 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One Ts in a folder: Birds of the Kondoa District [Tanzania] 1963-1966, [1966-1970]. 
Presented in 1975. 

TRING MSS KESBY 


100. KEULEMANS, John Gerrard (Johannes Gerardus) (1842-1912) 

Born in Rotterdam, Holland, Keulemans started out as a taxidermist at Leyden Museum 
and went on a short expedition to West Africa. He clearly had a talent for zoological 
illustration and, on the advice of R.B. Sharpe, moved to England in 1869. He was probably 
the most popular bird artist from about 1870 until the turn of the century and completed 
thousands of drawings and plates for over 100 major bird books and many scientific 
journals including Ibis. Several months were spent working for Lord Rothschild at Tring 
Museum where Keulemans and his wife lived in the caretaker’s cottage. He painted 51 
plates for Rothschild’s Avifauna of Laysan (1893-1900) and 27 for Rothschild’s Extinct 
Birds (1907) and some of the originals are held at Tring (see L.W. Rothschild). Other 
drawings of birds by Keulemans are held in the Zoology Library of The Natural History 
Museum. 





LANDBECK 47 


Biographical reference: T. Keulemans & J. Coldeway. 1982. Feathers to brush. 94pp 
Privately published. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (12 x 16 cm): Marsh Tits. 

TRING Drawings KEULEMANS 

(2) One watercolour drawing (48 x 37 cm): Skedaddle (Partridges). 

TRING Drawings KEULEMANS 

(3) One watercolour drawing (43 x 37 cm): Wheatears with young. 

TRING Drawings KEULEMANS 

(4) One watercolour drawing (75 x 56 cm): Redwings in snow. 

TRING Drawings KEULEMANS 

(5) One watercolour drawing (32 x 26 cm): the type specimen of Ptilopus coralensis, a 
green pigeon. “This was figured from the type from America which was lent to Salvadori 
in preparation of Vol.XXI of the Catfalogue of the] B[irds in the British Museum, 1893].” 
TRING Drawings KEULEMANS 

(6) Four volumes: 69 watercolour drawings for W.L. Buller’s A history of the birds of New 
Zealand , 2nd ed. (1887-88) and its Supplement (1905). Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 
TRING Rothschild Library 17/E 


101. KOBAYASHI, Shigekazu (b.1887) 

Shigekazu Kobayashi was a Japanese wildlife artist whose illustrations are to be found in 
books including Birds of Jehol by N. Taka-Tsukasa et al (1935) and M. Hachisuka’s Birds 
of the Philippine Islands (1931-35). 

Biographical reference: Y. Kiyosu. 1952. Shigekazu Kobayashi: an appreciation. Tori 13 
(61): 1-3. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (33 x 50 cm): Crested Shelducks Tadorna cristata, [19—]. 
A similar, but not identical, illustration was published in J.C. Phillips Natural History of 
the Ducks (1926). 

TRING Drawings KOBAYASHI 


102. LANDBECK, Christian Ludwig (1807-1890) 

Ludwig Landbeck was born at Ostheim in Alsace, France, the son of a pastor and pigeon 
keeper. In his twenties he moved to Germany where he wrote Systematisehe Aufzahlung 
der Vogel Wurtembergs (1834). Together with two friends, he planned to write a book of 
European birds for which he completed several drawings. These he sold in 1852 when he 
had to leave Germany. Landbeck settled in Chile and, after a spell of farming, worked as 
a conservator at the museum in Santiago. 



48 LANGTON 


Biographical reference: L. Gebhardt. 1964. Die Ornithologen Mitteleuropas. 404pp. Giessen: 
Briihlscher. 

(1) One volume: 53 unpublished watercolour drawings of the birds of Wiirtemberg, 
Germany, c. 1833-1834. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 6/F 


103. LANGTON, Herbert (1853-1922) 

Dr Langton, L.S.A., M.R.C.S., M.B.O.U., was born at Wandsworth, London. He studied 
medicine in Brighton, Sussex and at St. Bartholomew’s in London and had a medical 
practice in Brighton. He was on the Committees of the British Ornithologists’ Union and 
the British Ornithologists’ Club, a member of the committee of management of the 
Brighton Museum and Honorary Treasurer of the Museums Association. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1923: 161-162. 

(1) 34 notebooks in three boxes: Derivations of ornithological names and terms [of birds 
of the world], [19—■]. Bequeathed. 

TRING MSS LANGTON 

(2) One Ms volume: English names of birds [of the world], [c. 1916-1923]. Bequeathed. 
TRING MSS LANGTON 


104. LEIGH, Lord (1824-1905) 

William Henry, 2nd Baron Leigh, LL.D., was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, 
Cambridge. He was Lord-Lieutenant of Warwickshire. His son, Captain the Hon. Rupert 
Leigh, was Aide-de-Camp to Lord Jersey, the Governor of New South Wales in Australia. 
221 bird specimens collected for Lord Leigh in New South Wales were presented to The 
Natural History Museum in 1893 (BMNH 1893-4-4). 

Biographical reference: A.T.C. Pratt. 1897. People of the Period. Beeman: London. 

(1) One Ms in folder: Typical Australian birds collected for Lord Leigh by Dr E. Ramsay 
- curator of the Australian Museum, Sydney, N.S.W., completed 1892. Edward Pierson 
Ramsay (1842-1916) was Curator at the Australian Museum, Sydney from 1874 to 1894. 
TRING MSS LEIGH 


105. LISTER, Gulielma (1860-1949) 

Miss Lister, F.L.S., born in Leytonstone, Essex, was interested in all branches of natural 
history and presented a collection of bird skins she had accumulated to The Natural 
History Museum. She was President of the Essex Field Club, President of the Mycological 





LITTLEDALE 49 


Society and Vice-President of the Linnean Society. Her sketch books are held in the 
Zoology Library of The Natural History Museum. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Essex Naturalist 28, 1950: 214. 

(1) Ms papers in a folder: Some flight devices in the wings of birds, 1935. Notes for a 
lecture, based on articles by R.R. Graham together with transcriptions of Graham’s 
articles and a diagram using real feathers. Presented in 1951. 

TRING MSS LISTER 

(2) Ms papers in a box: a collection of notes on birds, lists of birds collected in various 
parts of the world, letters and newspaper cuttings, [1872-1938]. Most of these items are 
copies made by Lister from published notes. Included are extracts on birds of India, Malaya, 
Java and elsewhere copied from the letters of Horace Gundry Alexander (1889-1989) to 
his uncle, Albert Crosfield, 1927-1928. Probably presented with the item above in 1951. 
TRING MSS LISTER 

106. LISTER, Michael Dickinson (1915/6-1969) 

Michael Lister, M.B.O.U., was a solicitor who lived in Banstead, Surrey. From 1942 to 
1945 he was with the Royal Air Force in India and Burma and wrote several articles for 
Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. He prepared the annual subject indexes 
for the 1956 to 1968 volumes of Ibis , the journal of the British Ornithologists’ Union. He 
also prepared a complete index to the first hundred volumes of Ibis for its Centenary but 
this was never published. Lister was the author of The Bird Watcher's Reference Book 
(1956). 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Fifteen boxes: indexes to the 1859-1968 volumes of Ibis , 1955-1969. Comprising 
c. 18,000 typed index cards, 152 notebooks, letters to the editors during the compilation 
of the indexes, also explanatory papers. 

TRING MSS LISTER 

107. LITTLEDALE, Henry Ambrose Pudrey (fl.1906-1951) 

Major Littledale was engaged in military reconnaissance mapping in southern Africa 1906 
to 1911 with the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. He studied birds and mammals 
there in his spare time and was author of a paper on the Cape Widgeon in Journal of the 
South African Ornithologists’ Union (1908). Littledale presented his egg collection to The 
Natural History Museum (BMNH 1951-13). 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Mss in a folder: diary and papers relating to an egg collection made in South Africa, 
1906-1911. Presented in 1951. 

TRING EGG MSS LITTLEDALE 



50 LODDIGES 


108. LODDIGES, George (1784/86-1846) 

George Loddiges, F.L.S., F.R.H.S., F.Z.S., born in Hackney, London, was a partner in 
his family firm of horticulturalists and an artist and writer on botanical subjects. He made 
a collection of a thousand hummingbirds, either obtained with botanical specimens from 
South America or from collectors such as Gould and Leadbeater. It had been Loddiges 
ambition to write and illustrate a folio work on these. The whereabouts of his collection, 
which is of great historic importance, was unknown for many years but was eventually 
traced by A.L. Butler (q.v.), who enabled The Natural History Museum to purchase it 
(BMNH 1933-11-14) from a Loddiges descendant (Ibis 1934: 210). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 1847: 
334-335; DNB Missing Persons , 1993. 

(1) Two boxes: eighteen notebooks containing notes on hummingbirds. 10 of these, dated 
1826-1845, are by George Loddiges himself. Some of the others were apparently written 
after Loddiges death, possibly by his son Conrad. Accompanying the notebooks are 
miscellaneous papers concerning the collection, written by G. Loddiges, A.L. Butler (q.v.) 
and others who have worked on the collection over the years. Purchased in 1933. 

TRING MSS LODDIGES 

109. LORE Wan Tho (1915-1964) 

Dato Loke Wan Tho, M.B.O.U., was born at Kuala Lumpur, Malaya, and educated in 
Switzerland, Kings College, Cambridge, and the London School of Economics. During 
the occupation of Malaya in 1942 he was evacuated to India and started observing, 
collecting and photographing birds. He returned to Malaya in 1945 and became Director 
or Chairman of many companies and one of the wealthiest men in Malaysia. He was 
Vice-President of the Bombay Natural History Society and accompanied F. Shaw-Mayer 
on an expedition to New Guinea in 1952, the results of which appear in Bulletin of the 
British Museum (Natural History) Zoology , Vol.3(10) 1956. He died in an air crash in 
Taiwan, and the Loke Wan Tho Library at the Jurong Bird Park in Singapore is his 

memorial. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 61, 1964: 
418-121. 

(1) One folder: 22 photographs of birds and their nests taken in the central highlands of 
New Guinea, 1952. Some of these photographs were reproduced in Loke’s autobiographical 
A company of birds (1957). Presented in 1953. 

TRING MSS LOKE 


110. LOW, George Carmichael (1872-1952) 

Dr Carmichael Low, M.A., M.D., C.M., F.R.C.P., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was 
educated at Madras College, St. Andrews, and at the Universities of St. Andrews and 






LUDLOW 51 


Edinburgh, graduating in medicine. After travelling widely, he was appointed Director of 
the London School of Tropical Medicine. In later life, he became actively interested in 
natural history, writing Literature of the Charadriiformes (1924) and other works including 
notes on the birds of inner London for British Birds. He was on the Committees or 
Councils of the British Ornithologists’ Union, the British Ornithologists’ Club (and Editor 
of its Bulletin ), the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and the Zoological Society 
of London. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 95, 1953: 140-142. 

(1) One volume of Bulletin of the British Ornithologists Club 62, 1942, held as part of a 
set in the Ornithology Library, formerly belonged to Low. He used some blank pages on 
which to write records of birds seen on the Round Pond in London’s Kensington Gardens 
1943-1948, a personal diary 1944-1945, and details of air raids on London 1944-1945. 
TRING Serials S.102 


111. LOWE, Percy Roycroft (1870-1948) 

Dr Percy Lowe, O.B.E., M.B., B.C., M.A., M.B.O.U., born at Stamford, Lincolnshire, 
went to Jesus College, Cambridge, and then studied medicine at Guy’s Hospital, London. 
He began studying and collecting birds while serving as a civilian surgeon in the South 
African War in 1899. As a private physician, Dr Lowe made six yachting voyages to the 
Caribbean with his employer, and collected birds and eggs, now in The Natural History 
Museum. His book, A naturalist on desert islands (1911) describes these cruises. In 1919 
he joined the staff of The Natural History Museum in charge of birds. Papers written 
after this date are kept with the Museum’s Archives. Lowe was President (1938-1943) and 
Medallist of the British Ornithologists’ Union, Chairman (1927-1930) of the British 
Ornithologists’ Club and editor of its Bulletin. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1949: 147-151. 

(1) One notebook: Check lists of birds collected [in the West Indies] during [the] second 
cruise of [the] S.Y. “Zenaida” October 13th 1906 to June 1907, and [the] third cruise, 
November 1907 to April 1908. 

TRING MSS LOWE 


112. LUDLOW, Frank (1885-1972) 

Frank Ludlow, O.B.E., M.A., M.B.O.U., was born in Chelsea, London, and educated at 
West Somerset County School and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. He spent many 
years teaching, in Karachi, in Tibet and in Kashmir, spending his leisure time studying 
natural history. From 1942 to 1943 he was in charge of the British Mission in Lhasa. He 
made several expeditions to collect birds and botanical specimens in the eastern Himalayas 
and Tibet, often in company with George Sherriff. Nearly 7,000 birds and many eggs were 



52 LYELL 


collected which are now in The Natural History Museum and papers on Ludlow’s bird 
observations are published in Ibis. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1974: 234. 

(1) Ten notebooks in three boxes: field notes on birds of Tibet, Chinese Turkestan, Bhutan 
and Kashmir, 1923-1947. Presented in 1955. 

TRING MSS LUDLOW 


113. LYELL, James Carmichael (1843-1922) 

Lyell was a businessman from Dundee who spent seven years in Bengal. All his life he 
kept pigeons and was the author of Fancy Pigeons (1881). 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Three scrapbooks: Domestic Pigeons , 1908-1912, The Archangel Pigeon, 1908-1911, 
and Oriental Frilled Pigeons, 1909-1911. Compiled by J.C. Lyell. These mostly contain 
printed cuttings from the journal Pigeons and other journals but also several letters from 
other pigeon fanciers. 

TRING MSS LYELL 


114. LYNES, Hubert (1874-1942) 

iL 

Born in \^ale^and educated at Stubbington House, Rear-Admiral Lynes, C.B., C.M.G., 
F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., had a distinguished career in the Royal Navy and studied 
birds wherever naval duties permitted - in China, the Mediterranean and Sudan. Many 
of his earlier notes were lost during the 1914-1918 War when his ship was torpedoed. On 
retirement in 1919 he began a series of expeditions, particularly to Africa, studying natural 
history and his collections were donated to The Natural History Museum. Lynes was an 
Honorary Member or Fellow of several ornithological societies and Medallist of the 
British Ornithologists’ Union. He published many papers on birds including an important 
monograph on the grass warblers of the genus Cisticola {Ibis 1930 Suppl.). The diaries of 
the Lynes-Lowe expedition to Darfur, Sudan, 1921-1922, are held in the Zoology Library 
of The Natural History Museum. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1943: 198-215. 

(1) 28 notebooks in a box: a catalogue of birds collected, mostly in the Mediterranean 
area, 1906-1910; 41 photographs of Sudan in a notebook, 71920; travel diaries and bird 
notes relating to collecting trips to Tanganyika 1931-1932, to South Africa 1934, to 
Brittany 1934, to Egypt and Palestine 1935, to southern and eastern Africa 1936-1937, 
and to South and South West Africa in 1938; and notes made in preparation for trips to 
China (trip abandoned) and Sudan. A finding list is available. 

TRING MSS LYNES 





( 

%r$3UM 1 

QZufc/trJ . 
CrvKi C\ k\ { 


NOTEBOOK OF HUBERT LYNES (1874-1942) 


These field notes are typical of the painstaking work shown in the notebooks 
and diaries kept by Lynes during his expeditions. {Actual size). 





















































































54 McConnell 


115. McCONNELL, Frederick Vavasour (1868-1914) 

Frederick McConnell, M.B.O.U., spent some 25 years in British Guiana and made a large 
collection of birds. In 1894 and 1898 he explored the interior of the country, visiting 
Mount Roraima on the border with Brazil and Venezuela collecting zoological specimens. 
He later sought the assistance of Charles Chubb of The Natural History Museum with 
identifying and cataloguing his bird skins, most of which he presented. On McConnell’s 
death, his widow asked Chubb to write The Birds of British Guiana (1916-1921) based on 
her husband’s collections. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1914: 322-323. 

(1) Two Ms volumes: account of a journey into the interior of British Guiana in 1894. 
These are different versions, both incomplete. One was reproduced in The Birds of British 
Guiana (see above) and is accompanied by a galley proof. Possibly presented by Mrs 
McConnell in 1922 with the remaining bird collection. 

TRING MSS McCONNELL 


116. MACONACHIE, Sir Richard Roy (1885-1962) 

Sir Richard Maconachie, K.B.E., C.I.E., B.A., was educated at Tonbridge School and at 
University College, Oxford, then joined the Indian Civil Service. From 1930 to 1935 he 
was British Minister in Kabul, Afghanistan and was asked to collect bird skins which he 
presented to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1935-12-28). The skins were identified 
by H. Whistler (q.v.) who used them as the basis for a paper on birds of Afghanistan in 
Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 1944 & 1945. 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who, 1961-1970. 

(1) Mss in a folder: Notes on birds collected in Afghanistan , 1932-1934. The notes have 
the appearance of having been added to in different hands. 

TRING MSS MACONACHIE 


117. MANTON, Henry Percy (fl.1939-1942) 

Manton was a mining engineer and field manager of Lobitos oilfields in Peru for many 
years and presented a few bird specimens to The Natural History Museum beteween 1938 
and 1946. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One box: notes on birds of Peru, [1939-1942]. In three volumes, two in Ms and one 
in Ts accompanied by 350 35 mm lantern slides and 38 packets of photographic negatives. 
The typescript may not be the work of Manton himself. Presented by Manton’s daughter, 
Mrs Alison Saunders, in 1984 and 1985. 

TRING MSS MANTON 





MEADE-WALDO 55 


118. MARSH, Francis (1856-1919) 

Between 1879 and 1896, Francis Marsh collected birds in South and West Africa, Australia, 
New Guinea, Canada and the USA. His specimens were donated to The Natural History 
Museum in 1988 (BMNH 1991-7). 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) A folder of Ms in a box: notes on methods of identifying British birds, [n.d.]. Together 
with pencil sketches of birds and a photograph, probably of the author. Presented by Mrs 
G.L. Marsh in 1988. 

TRING MSS MARSH 


119. MARSH, George Thomas (fl.1833-1889) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One printed volume: a copy of W. Yarrell’s A History of British Birds (1837-1843) has 
been interleaved and has Ms annotations with observations on British birds, [1842-1889], 
and details of his own bird specimens, by Marsh. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 
TRING Rothschild Library 13/B 


120. MASON, C. (fl. 1914-1917) 

Mason worked as a Government entomologist in Nyasaland from 1914 to 1917 and made 
a small collection of birds’ eggs which are now in The Natural History Museum (BMNH 
1921-12-21 & 1962-1). Most, if not all, were received with the R.E. Drake-Brockman 
collections. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Nine leaves of Ts and Ms in a folder: notes on eggs collected in Nyasaland 1914-1917, 
[1917]. The notes were later annotated with identifications by research workers. 

TRING EGG MSS MASON 


121. MEADE-WALDO, Edmund Gustavus Bloomfield (1853-1934) 

Edmund Meade-Waldo, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., at one time owner of Hever Castle in Kent, 
was educated at Eton and Magdalene College, Cambridge. He made a collection of bird 
skins and eggs while in the Canary Islands, and presented the birds to The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1905-12-22), writing about them in Ibis. Later he became interested in 
falconry and aviculture. He was also concerned with conservation and made personal 
efforts to save the Kite in Wales. His widow presented his Canary Islands egg collection 



56 MEIKLEJOHN 


to The Natural History Museum in 1935. Meade-Waldo’s diaries and field notebooks are 
in the Zoology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1934: 399-402. 

(1) One notebook: Birds of Canary Islands [collected] 1887-1888 
TRING MSS MEADE-WALDO 

(2) One folder of letters: correspondence concerning observations on Kites, 1906-1934. 
Contents list with item. Probably presented with his diaries by his son, Colonel E. Meade- 
Waldo in 1945. 

TRING MSS MEADE 


122. MEIKLEJOHN, Ronald Forbes (1875/6-1949) 

Lieutenant Colonel Ronald Meiklejohn, D.S.O., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was educated at Rugby 
and Sandhurst and had a distinguished military career, serving in Africa, France and 
Russia. Later, he was with the Foreign Office in the Baltic States. In retirement he made 
ornithological and entomological expeditions in Europe and North Africa taking a 
particular interest in nesting birds and publishing several papers on these. Meiklejohn 
collected bird skins and made a large egg collection which is now in The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1952-10). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1951: 135. 

(1) One Ms volume: Catalogue of egg collection of Lieut. Colonel R.F. Meiklejohn , 
[1908-1939]. Presented in 1952 by his widow, Mrs Margaret Meiklejohn. 

TRING EGG MSS MEIKLEJOHN 

(2) One box: six diaries containing photographs, of bird watching and egg collecting trips 
to Algeria, Corsica, Crete, Greece, Russia and Switzerland, 1919-1939. Accompanied by 
a typescript copy of one of the diaries. Presented by Mrs Margaret Meiklejohn, in 1964 
and 1965. 

TRING MSS MEIKLEJOHN 


123. MEINERTZHAGEN, Richard (1878-1967) 

Colonel Richard Meinertzhagen, C.B.E., D.S.O., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Knights- 
bridge, London, and educated at Harrow and the University of Gottingen. He entered 
the Army, serving in India, East Africa and the Middle East and spent much of the rest 
of his life travelling. At times, he was able to use his study of birds as a cover for observing 
international politics. Meinertzhagen was made an Honorary Associate of The Natural 
History Museum and deposited his collection of 25,000 bird skins (BMNH 1965-M) there 
in 1951, while continuing to work on them at the Museum during his lifetime. He was 
awarded the C.B.E. for services to ornithology, was a Medallist of the British Ornithologists’ 





MILLER 57 


Union and Chairman of the British Ornithologists’ Club (1953-1956). His numerous 
publications, some autobiographical, include Birds of Arabia (1954). 

Biographical reference: M. Cocker. 1989. Richard Meinertzhagen: soldier, scientist and spy. 
252pp. London: Seeker & Warburg; DNB Missing Persons 1993. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) in folder: An annotated list of the North American shore birds 
which have been recorded from the Argentine Republic [ 192—] by R. Dabbene. Dr Roberto 
Raul Dabbene, M.B.O.U., (1864-1938), born and educated in Italy, was curator of birds 
at the Museo Nacional in Buenos Aires for 30 years and President of the Asociacion 
Ornitologica del Plata. Presented by Meinertzhagen. 

TRING MSS DABBENE 

(2) 38 items in a folder: Papers relating to nature reserves, bird protection and other 
matters, c. 1954-1955. Presented. 

TRING MSS MEINERTZHAGEN 

(3) Nine volumes and two portfolios: Wing drawings of 440 species of chiefly Palearctic 
and some Afrotropical birds , [19—]. Accompanied by tabulated data in manuscript and 
typescript. Presented. 

* TRING Drawings MEINERTZHAGEN 

(4) 25 items in a folder: papers and sketches relating to birds and bat wings, weights and 
flight, 1940-1964. Presented. 

TRING MSS MEINERTZHAGEN 

(5) One Ms volume: Loan book , 1938-1960. This relates to Meinertzhagen’s bird skin 
collection. Presented. 

TRING MSS MEINERTZHAGEN 

(6) Fourteen folders of Mss in a box: miscellaneous notes on birds, with drawings, cuttings 
and reprints, [19—■]. Presented. 

TRING MSS MEINERTZHAGEN 

(7) 42 Ms volumes: Catalogue of Meinertzhagen s bird skin collection (5 vols.) and ecological 
and other notes on birds (37 vols.), [19—]. Presented. 

TRING MSS MEINERTZHAGEN’ 

(8) One Ts in a folder: Some problems connected with Arabian birds , 1950. The transcript 
of an address given at a meeting of the British Ornithologists’ Union on 12 January 1950. 
The published (and edited) version is in Ibis 1950: 336-340. Presented. 

TRING MSS MEINERTZHAGEN 


124. MILLER, Gerrit Smith Jr (1869-1956) 

* 

Bom in Peterboro, New York, U.S.A., Gerrit Miller, A.B., was educated at Harvard and 
joined the Biological Survey of the United States Department of Agriculture. In 1898 he 
became a curator of mammals at the United States National Museum in Washington. 




58 MITCHELL 


Miller was the author of numerous papers on mammals and some on birds and other 
groups. His large collection of bird skins was purchased by The Natural History Museum 
(BMNH 1906-12-7). 

Biographical reference: H.H. Shamel et al. 1954. Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr. Journal of 
Mammalogy 35: 317-344. 

(1) Six Ms volumes: catalogue of the Miller bird skin collection from the U.S.A. and the 
Bahamas, 1884—1893. 

TRING MSS MILLER 


125. MITCHELL, Brian (fl.1955) 

Brian Mitchell, of Halifax in Yorkshire, was a student at Birmingham University. He 
studied the morphology of bird tongues at The Natural History Museum during his 1955 
vacation. 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One folder: Anatomy of the bird tongue: tongue of the flamingo compared with tongues 
of species of Gressores and Anseres, 1955. 38 leaves of Ts, Ms and drawings. 

TRING MSS MITCHELL 


126. MOBBS, Betty G. (fl.1955) 

Betty Mobbs was an Edinburgh University student who lived in Chiswick, London and 
worked at The Natural History Museum during her vacation in 1955. She made a study 
of the air-sac system of birds. 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One Ts in a folder: Investigation of the air-sac system of the pigeon by injection technique , 
1955. With an ink diagram. 

TRING MSS MOBBS 


127. MORRISON, Alastair Robin Gwyn (b.1915) 

After leaving Cambridge University, Alastair Morrison, M.A., M.B.O.U., went on or¬ 
nithological expeditions to Peru and Chile from 1937 to 1939 where he collected many 
bird skins and a few eggs. He was resident in China at intervals from 1940 to 1945, again 
collecting skins, and later moved to Australia. His bird collections were purchased by The 
Natural History Museum between 1939 and 1954 and described in Ibis. 





MURPHY 59 


Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Four Ms volumes in a box: catalogues of Morrison’s collections of Peruvian, Chilean 
and Chinese birds, 1937-1941. Received in 1949. 

TRING MSS MORRISON 


128. MOURITZ, Leofwyn Beresford (1888-1915) 

Beresford Mouritz, M.B.O.U., was born in Melbourne, Australia. He was resident in 
England as a young man until, in 1907, he went as a mining engineer to Bulawayo in 
Southern Rhodesia and to Katanga in the Belgian Congo. His observations on birds were 
published in the Zoologist, in British Birds and in Ibis. On the outbreak of the 1914—1918 
War he enlisted in the Australian Army and died in action at Gallipoli. 

Biographical reference: Obituaries. British Birds 12, 1918: 144; Ibis 1918: 724. 

(1) One Ms volume: notes on the birds of Southern Rhodesia, 1908-1912. Accompanied 
by two photographs, one a studio portrait of Mouritz. Presented by his father, L.H. 
Mouritz, in 1934. 

TRING MSS MOURITZ 

(2) One notebook in a folder: Notes on the ornithology of the Matapo district, Southern 
Rhodesia, 1908-1912. 

TRING MSS MOURITZ 

129. MUNT, Henry (1854-1926) 

Henry Munt, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., bom in Clapton, North London and educated at Kilbum 
College, London, was an underwriter and a member of Lloyd’s. He was a committee 
member of the British Ornithologists’ Union and took an interest in the Brighton Museum. 
He specialised in collecting white eggs and in eggs from birds in captivity and his collection 
is now in The Natural History Museum, having been acquired by Lord Rothschild in 
1926 (BMNH 1941-3-1). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1927: 140-141. 

(1) Three Ms volumes: Catalogues of eggs in the Henry Munt collection, 1873-1924. One 
volume is of parrot eggs, another lists eggs of doves and pigeons. Accompanied by a 
folder containing five letters, three of them to Mrs Munt from Lord Rothschild concerning 
his purchase of the collection in 1926. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING EGG MSS MUNT 


130. MURPHY, Robert Cushman (1887-1973) 

Born in Brooklyn, New York, Robert Murphy, Sc.D., Hon. M.B.O.U., attended Port 
Jefferson High School and Brown University. He was on the staff of the Brooklyn Museum 



60 MYERS 


and later the American Museum of Natural History, and led several sea-going expeditions. 
He was the author of nine books, including Oceanic Birds of South America (1936), and 
of 600 papers, mostly on birds. When Lord Rothschild sold his collection of 280,000 bird 
skins in 1932, he invited Dr Murphy to England to pack up the collection for shipment 
in conditions of great secrecy. The operation was described in a collection of documents 
by Murphy entitled Journal of the Tring trip (1932), a photocopy of which is held at Tring. 
Murphy was President of the National Association of Audubon Societies, President of 
the American Ornithologists’ Union and was awarded the U.S. Antarctic Service Medal. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1973: 607-611. 

(1) Five Ts (carbon copy) volumes: A list of the Tring ornithological collection , 1932 
prepared by R.C. Murphy. As no catalogue of the Tring bird collection existed, species 
were listed by Murphy as the specimens were packed and the list typed out by Miss Phyllis 
M. Thomas, the Tring Museum secretary and librarian. 

TRING MSS MURPHY 

(2) 18 photographs of Tring and Tring Museum, 1932, taken by R.C. Murphy. Copies of 
originals held by the American Museum of Natural History in New York. Presented by 
the American Museum of Natural History in 1984. 

TRING Photographs MURPHY 

131. MYERS, John Golding (1897-1942) 

Dr Myers, Sc.D., was born near Rugby in Warwickshire, and went to New Zealand when 
a youth. He was educated at Victoria University College in Wellington and later attended 
Harvard University. Myers worked as an entomologist in New Zealand, France, the West 
Indies and South America. In 1937 he was appointed economic botanist to the Sudan 
Government engaged on an ecological survey of the Province of Equatoria, and died there 
in a motor accident. Most of his bird skins were bequeathed to The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1947-100), others had been acquired during his lifetime. His egg 
collections appear to have been dispersed but some eggs have come to The Natural History 
Museum indirectly. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Nature, London 149, 1942: 406. 

(1) Six Tss in folder: Notes on birds [of Sudan], 1937-1941. Presented. 

TRING MSS MYERS 

(2) c. 1,000 Ms cards in a box: data cards of skins, eggs and nests of Sudanese birds, 
1937-1941. Acquired from the Sudan Government Museum, Khartoum. 

TRING MSS MYERS 

132. NEWMAN, Thomas Henry (1876-1944) 

Newman, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born near Worcester, travelled in Europe and North Africa. 
He had extensive aviaries at his home (Newlands) and was particularly interested in 



OLD HAWKING CLUB 61 


pigeons and doves. He was Honorary Business Secretary and Council Member of the 
Avicultural Magazine for which he wrote several articles. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Avicultural Magazine 9 (5th ser.) 1944: 95 96. 

(1) One notebook: My bird notes [on pigeon breeding] : New lands , 1907[-1912]. 

TRING MSS NEWMAN 


133. NIGHTINGALES 

(1) One Ms volume: Of the proper time and manner of catching old nightingales. Date 
unknown but paper watermarked 1795. Author unknown. Purchased in 1980. 

TRING Rothschild Library 10/D 


134. NOAKES, David (fl.1957-1979) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) Two leaves of watercolour sketches in a folder: Sombre Tit Parus lugubris in Cyprus 
in 1957, 1979. Heavily annotated. Presented in 1980. 

TRING MSS NOAKES 


135. NORTH, Myles Edward Wentworth (1908-1967) 

Myles North, M.B.O.U., educated at Wellington College, Sandhurst and Corpus Christi 
College, Cambridge, was in the Colonial Service in Kenya, Abyssinia and Somalia. He 
became particularly interested in bird song and produced recordings of East African bird 
voices in association with the Laboratory of Ornithology at Cornell University. He studied 
local variations in voice as a subspecific character, particularly of the African nightjars. 
With Eric Simms, he compiled Witherby’s Sound-guide to British birds with gramophone 
records (1958). North died in Kenya. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 110, 1968: 364—365. 

(1) 28 letters in a folder: correspondence between Myles North and Dr James P. Chapin, 
1946-1964, mainly about the recording of bird song in Kenya. 

TRING MSS NORTH 


136. OLD HAWKING CLUB 

The Old Hawking Club was in existence between 1863 and 1926, reviving an interest in 
the sport of falconry. An establishment of hawks was kept and falconers were employed 
and trained, some at Lyndhurst in Hampshire and later at Shrewton on Salisbury Plain. 




62 OSMASTON 


Historical reference: R. Upton. 1987. O for a falconer's voice: memories of the Old Hawking 
Club. 208pp. Marlborough: Crowood Press. 

(1) Three Ms volumes: Old Hawking Club Journal , 1905-1926. Presented by Lady Poltimore 
in 1933. 

TRING MSS OLD 


137. OSMASTON, Arthur Edward (1885-1961) 

Arthur Osmaston, M.B.O.U., received professional training at the Royal Indian En¬ 
gineering College, Cooper’s Hill, and was with the Indian Forest Department in the 
United Provinces for thirty years. He collected bird skins and eggs, also botanical 
specimens, and wrote articles for Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Osmaston’s 
bird collection was given to Hugh Whistler in 1931 and is now in The Natural History 
Museum. His egg collection was presented directly to the Museum (BMNH 1959-2 & 
BMNH 1959-3). 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Two notebooks and five folders of Ms: catalogue of Osmaston’s collection of European 
birds’ eggs, [1901-1924] (2 notebooks) and a catalogue of eggs collected in India, [1908— 
1932] (5 folders). Presented in 1959. 

TRING EGG MSS OSMASTON 


138. OWEN , H.M.S. 

H.M.S. Owen was a frigate, built in Aberdeen and previously named Thurso Bay and 
Loch Muick; modifications as a survey ship were completed at Chatham dockyard in 
1949. 

Historical reference: Janes Fighting Ships 1958-1959 : 42. 

(1) One folder of papers: ocean bird records of H.M.S. Owen in the Mediterranean, the 
Atlantic, the Indian Ocean including the Seychelles, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, 
1954-1958. Mss and Tss with sketches and photographs. Presented. 

TRING MSS OWEN 


139. PACKMAN, J.C. (fl.1841-1842) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One Ms volume: Catalogue of birds at Mergui in Tenasserim [Burma], 1841-1842. The 
bird collection referred to was presented to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1844-3- 



PAYN 63 


25). The catalogue was presented much later, in 1879, by W.de G. Birch, the nephew of 
G.R. Gray, having been given to Gray by Packman. 


TRING MSS PACKMAN 


140. PAISLEY, J.C. (fl.1932-1934) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One notebook: notes relating to birds’ eggs collected in Nigeria, 1932-1934. Probably 
presented to The Natural History Museum by Dr Paisley in 1936 with his egg collection 
(BMNH 1936-11-1). 

TRING EGG MSS PAISLEY 


141. PALMER, Henry C. (fl.1890-1893) 

Henry C. Palmer, a sailor who could skin birds, was sent by Walter Rothschild to collect 
birds on the Chatham Islands off New Zealand in 1890 and then on the Hawaiian Islands 
from December 1890 to August 1893. Extracts from Palmer’s diary are reproduced in 
Rothschild’s Avifauna of Laysan (1893-1900) but little is known of Palmer himself except 
that he was later murdered in the Australian goldfields. Palmer’s assistant was George 
Campbell Munro (1866-1963), a cattle rancher from New Zealand who later settled in 
the Hawaiian Islands and whose own recollections of the expedition were published in 
Elepaio 1941-1942. 

Biographical reference: D. Amadon. 1964. Obituary (of G.C. Munro). Auk 81: 256. 

(1) One album: 57 photographs of the Chatham Islands and of the Hawaiian Islands 
taken on the expeditions of H.C. Palmer, [1890-1893]. Also mounted prints of seven of 
these photographs. Negatives of six were used by F.W. Frohawk (q.v.) to delineate plates 
for Rothschild’s Avifauna of Laysan (1893-1900). Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 
TRING MSS PALMER & TRING Photographs PALMER 


142. PAYN, William Arthur (1871-1955) 

Lieutenant Colonel Payn, M.B.O.U., educated at Wellington College, became interested 
in birds, especially their eggs, while serving in the Army in India and Ceylon. He started 
to collect birds in Kenya in 1920 and later in various parts of Europe and North Africa. 
He published a number of notes, chiefly in Ibis , on Mediterranean ornithology. Payn’s 
birds are now in The Natural History Museum, the majority having been presented in 
1951 (BMNH 1951-13). 



64 PAYNE 


Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1956: 136. 

(1) One Ms volume: catalogue of Payn’s collection of birds from Britain, Europe, Algeria, 
Morocco and Kenya, 1920-1949. 

TRING MSS PAYN 


143. PAYNE, H. (fl.1920) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (24 x 35 cm): Ring Ouzel and Lapwing, 1920. Bequeathed 
by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Drawings PAYNE 


144. PHILLIPS, William Watt Addison (1892-1981) 

Major Bill Phillips, M.B.E., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born at Nuneaton, War¬ 
wickshire, and developed his interest in zoology while a prisoner of war in Turkey during 
the 1914-1918 War. He went to Ceylon as a tea and rubber planter, remaining there until 
1956. He was Secretary, then Chairman, of the Ceylon Bird Club (q.v.), and made 
collections of birds and eggs which are now in The Natural History Museum. Phillips 
was the author of books and papers on birds and mammals of Ceylon and the Maidive 
Islands. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1981: 582. 

(1) One box of papers: 39 letters concerning Ceylon birds, 1919-1966, and 99 typescript 
letters and circulars of the Ceylon Bird Club, 1944—1956. Several letters are from E.C.S. 
Baker (q.v.). Presented by Colorado State University in 1974. 

TRING MSS PHILLIPS 

(2) One folder: 88 black and white photographs of Ceylon birds, nests and eggs, [c. 194—]. 
Some were published in a series of papers on nests and eggs published in Ceylon Journal 
of Science. Presented. 

TRING MSS PHILLIPS 


145. PIKE, Oliver Gregory (1877-1963) 

Oliver Pike, Hon. F.R.P.S., F.I.B.P., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in Enfield, Middlesex and 
educated at Enfield Grammar School, was one of the pioneer nature photographers and 
a popular lecturer. He designed his own quarter plate reflex camera marketed under the 
name of “The Birdland Camera”, and served on the Council of the Royal Photographic 
Society. He produced twenty-five popular books on British birds illustrated with his 
photographs. 



POPHAM 65 


Biographical reference: Obituary. British Birds 56, 1963: 456-457. 

(1) Twelve photographs in a folder: The Cuckoo’s secret revealed by the cine camera, May 
30th 1922. Enlargements from a 35 mm cine film taken on a Worcestershire common 
providing photographic evidence that the Cuckoo lays its egg directly into its chosen nest. 
Several of these photographs were published in E.P. Chance The truth about the Cuckoo 
(1940). Presented in 1957, one of three sets prepared, the others going to the Nature 
Conservancy and the Royal Photographic Society. 

TRING MSS PIKE 


146. PITT, Frances (1888-1964) 

Miss Pitt, F.L.S., M.B.O.U., was a well known writer of books and articles on natural 
history and wrote weekly articles for the London Evening News for many years. She was 
Nature Editor for Country Life and gave lectures, often illustrated with her own pho¬ 
tographs and cine films. She was a member of the Committee of Enquiry on cruelty to 
wild animals 1949-1951. 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who, 1961-1970. 

(1) One folder: seven watercolour sketches (13 x 10 cm or less) of moorhens, 1916 & 
1917. They were published as Plate 2 in Novitates Zoologicae 25, 1918, to illustrate her 
paper on colour changes of the young moorhen’s beak. A proof plate is also present. 
Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING MSS PITT 


147. POOLE, Francis (b.1896) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) Two Tss in a folder: Birds of the North Pacific , 1952-1954, [1955]. Notes made on 
birds recorded during ten crossings of the North Pacific by Commander Poole, R.C.N.(R)., 
F.R.G.S. of Montreal, Canada. Accompanied by an annotated chart. Presented. 

TRING MSS POOLE 


148. POPHAM, Hugh Francis Arthur Leyborne (1864-1943) 

Elugh Leyborne Popham, M.A., M.B.O.U., educated at Charterhouse and Brasenose 
College, Oxford, was a land-owner. He made three expeditions down the River Yenisei in 
Siberia in 1895, 1897 and 1900, making extensive collections of birds and eggs, and wrote 
accounts of these in Ibis. He also travelled in northern Sweden and made annual wildfowling 
trips to Holland. Some of Popham’s bird skin collection was presented to The Natural 
History Museum (BMNH 1938-12-14) and his egg collection (BMNH 1943-7) was 
bequeathed in 1943. 



66 PORTAL 


Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1943: 523-524. 

(1) Two Ms volumes: list of wildfowl shot with punt guns and shoulder guns in Holland, 
1885-1939. 

TRING MSS POPHAM 

(2) Thirteen Ms volumes: diaries recording travels and bird notes in Russia, Lapland &c., 
1892-1914 (7 vols.); a catalogue of birds collected in Siberia, 1895-1900 (1 vol.); a catalogue 
of birds’ eggs in the Popham collection, 1895-1922 (1 vol.) and notes relating to his egg 
and bird skin collections, 1892-1933 (4 vols.). The egg collection catalogue was bequeathed 
with the collection in 1943. The diaries were presented by Mrs. Popham in 1947. 
TRING EGG MSS POPHAM 


149. PORTAL, Maurice (fl.1917-1932) 

Major Portal, D.S.O., was in Palestine between 1917 and 1919 where he made a collection 
of bird skins in company with Lord William Percy (1882-1963) and R. Meinertzhagen 
(q.v.). Later he wrote Partridge disease (1932) and was Chairman of a Country Life 
Committee of Enquiry into the diseases of partridges. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One folder: papers on birds of Palestine, Syria and Egypt, 1917-1919. Included are 7 
letters from Michael John Nicoll (1880-1925) at Giza Zoo, Cairo, and a typescript of a 
paper on birds of Syria and Palestine by R. Meinertzhagen, Lord William Percy and 
Portal which was published in an abridged version by Meinertzhagen in Ibis 1920. Presented 
in 1991 by John A. Forster. 

TRING MSS PORTAL 


150, PROCTOR, Frederic William (1862-1916) 

Major Proctor, M.B.O.U., spent seven years with the Army in India where he started to 
collect eggs. He later visited various parts of Europe amassing a fine collection and often 
exhibited specimens at meetings of the British Ornithologists’ Club. While retaining eggs 
he had himself collected, he sold others at J.C. Stevens’ auction rooms in 1912 and 1913. 
His own eggs were sold at auction in 1917 and some have subsequently come to The 
Natural History Museum with the Jourdain and other collections. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1916: 642-643. 

(1) Four Ms volumes: catalogue of Proctor’s egg collection, [c. 1885—c. 1913]. Several letters 
and photographs have been inserted. Accompanied by a box of data slips, and letters 
written to Mrs Proctor after her husband’s death, also two printed catalogues concerning 
the sales of Proctor’s egg collections in 1913 and 1917, both of which have been annotated 
in an unknown hand. 

TRING EGG MSS PROCTOR 





RANKIN 67 


151. QUINLIVAN, Eileen (d.1985) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One Ms volume: Data of [a collection of] eggs, [1890-1908]. The whereabouts of the 
mostly British egg collection is unknown. The catalogue was presented by the British 
Records Association in 1985, having been the property of Miss Eileen Quinlivan of 
Bishopston, Bristol. There is no evidence that she compiled the catalogue herself, or that 
the egg collection was hers. 

TRING MSS QUINLIVAN 


152. RAMSAY, Robert George Wardlaw (1852-1921) 

Colonel Wardlaw Ramsay, F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was educated at Cheam and Harrow 
and served with the Army in India, Afghanistan and Burma. Throughout his life he was 
keenly interested in birds and was President of the British Ornithologists’ Union (1913- 
1918). He edited The Ornithological works of Arthur 9th Marquis of Tweeddale (1881) and 
at the time of his death he was writing Guide to the birds of Europe and North Africa 
(1923). Ramsay was the nephew of Arthur Hay, 9th Marquis of Tweeddale (1824—1878) 
and inherited his large collection of over 20,000 bird skins. Most of these he presented to 
The Natural History Museum in 1887 along with the Tweeddale ornithological library, 
which contained 2,560 volumes. Some of the bird specimens Ramsay collected in Burma 
are in The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1880-10-19 & 1881-7-29). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1921: 538-540. 

(1) One Ms notebook: diary of birds seen and collected in Burma, August 1874 - February 
1876. 

TRING MSS RAMSAY 

(2) Four Ms volumes: Catalogue of [bird] specimens in the Tweeddale collection, 1880. 
One is a copy of another. Compiled by Ramsay after the collection had been bequeathed 
to him. Presented by Dr W. Eagle Clarke in 1922. 

TRING MSS RAMSAY 


153. RANKIN, Arthur Mall Talbot (1904-1965) 

Lieutenant Colonel Niall Rankin, M.A., F.R.G.S., F.R.P.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was a 
Scotsman, educated at Eton and at Christ Church, Oxford. He travelled widely and had 
many interests, including photography and making travel films, and died in Bechuanaland 
making a film on the life of Cecil Rhodes. Rankin was the author of Haunts o] British 
Divers (1947) and Antarctic Isle (1951), in which some of the photographs below were 
reproduced. 



68 REID 


Biographical reference: Obituary. British Birds 58, 1965: 294—295; Who Was Who, 1961- 
1970. 

(1) One portfolio: 39 photographs of British and South Georgia birds, [c.1935-c.1950]. 
Some were exhibited at the Country Life International Exhibitions of Wild Life Photography 
in 1935 and 1950. Presented by Mr A.O. Wood in 1972. 

TRING Photographs RANKIN 


154. REID, Philip Savile Grey (1845-1915) 

Captain Savile Reid, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born at Welwyn, Hertfordshire, and educated 
at Burney’s Naval School in Gosport. He obtained a commission in the Royal Engineers 
and served in Gibraltar, Bermuda and Natal. Reid collected birds and eggs, some of which 
are in The Natural History Museum, and obtained birds for the nesting-groups of British 
birds series in the Museum’s galleries. He continued the work of E.W. Oates on the 
Catalogue of the birds’ eggs in the British Museum (1901-1912), completing the third and 
fourth volumes, and was the author of notes in Ibis and elsewhere. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1915: 365-367. 

(1) Two Ms volumes: Stray notes on Ornithology, [1871-1890]. A record of ornithological 
observations in Gibraltar, Bermuda, the British Isles, New York, the Canary Islands and 
Spain. Presented by his grandson, R.A. Reid, in 1965. 

TRING MSS REID 


155. RICKETT, Charles Boughey (1851-1943) 

Charles Rickett, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Hong Kong and on the staff of the Hong 
Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, serving in India, Japan, Java, the Straits 
Settlements and China from 1871 to 1904. Birds and eggs, as well as mammals, that he 
collected in Penang and China were presented to The Natural History Museum and he 
published several papers on Chinese birds in Ibis. In retirement, Rickett served on the 
Migration Committee of the British Ornithologists’ Club. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One Ms volume: Notes on birds of Penang and Province Wellesley [in Malaya] between 
the years 1884 and 1887, Notes on upcountry trips in Fohkien, S. China , and other notes 
on Chinese natural history, [1884-1908]. Illustrated with photographs, including a portrait, 
and original drawings. 

TRING MSS RICKETT 

(2) One Ms volume: Catalogue of [a] collection of birds of the Fohkien province, South 
China , [1889-1904]. 

TRING MSS RICKETT 





ROTHSCHILD 69 


(3) One Ms volume: Notes on the birds of Fohkien Province, S.E. China from 1889 to 1904 , 
1908. Includes three sketch maps and a line drawing of a nest. Presented in 1926. 


TRING MSS RICKETT 


156. RIDLEY, Sir Mathew White (b.1925) 

Sir Mathew Ridley, 4th Viscount Ridley, B.A., M.B.O.U., was educated at Eton and 
Balliol College, Oxford. For a while, he was A.D.C. to the Governor of Kenya. In 1955 
he visited the Seychelles where he studied seabirds with Lord Richard Charles Percy 
(1921-1989), a lecturer in zoology at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Ridley was 
Chairman of Northumberland County Council from 1967 to 1979 and is Lord-Lieutenant 
for Northumberland. 

Biographical reference: Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage . 105th ed. 1970. 

(1) One bound Ts: Report on the tern colonies and certain other birds of Seychelles, [1956] 
by the Hon. M.W. Ridley & Lord Richard Percy. “Copy No.2 of 4 copies”. Maps, 
diagrams and 58 photographs have been inserted. This was later published as The 
exploitation of sea birds in Seychelles Colonial Research Studies No.25 (1958) but not all 
the photographs are reproduced. Presented by the authors in 1956. 

TRING MSS RIDLEY 


157. ROTHSCHILD, Lionel Walter, 2nd Baron Rothschild of Tring (1868-1937) 

Lord Rothschild, D.Sc., Ph.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S., V.M.H., M.B.O.U., was born in 
London and studied at the University of Bonn and at Magdalene College, Cambridge. 
He spent several years working at the family bank in London and was Member of 
Parliament for Aylesbury (1899-1910), a Justice of the Peace and on the Jewish Board of 
Deputies. Rothschild started collecting specimens at the age of seven and founded the 
Zoological Museum at Tring, opening it to the public in 1892. He was the author of 
Avifauna of Laysan (1893-1900) and Extinct Birds (1907) and author or joint author of 
more than 1,700 papers in scientific journals, notably Novitates Zoologicae, Tring Museum’s 
own journal. He was a Trustee of The Natural History Museum, Chairman of the 
British Ornithologists’ Club (1913-1918), President of the British Ornithologists’ Union 
(1923-1928), and an official or Honorary Member of many other societies. A large 
collection of correspondence, 1890-1937, between Rothschild or his Tring Museum 
curators, Ernst J.O. Hartert (q.v.) and Karl H.E. Jordan, and the many collectors 
throughout the world engaged in finding specimens for Tring Museum is currently held 
in the General Library of The Natural History Museum. In 1932 Rothschild had to sell 
most of his bird skin collection and this is now at the American Museum of Natural 
History in New York. At the time of his death he was in the process of arranging the gift 



70 ROTHSCHILD 



WALTER ROTHSCHILD (1868-1937) 

Founder of the Zoological Museum at Tring and a Trustee of The Natural History Museum. 
He assembled the greatest collection of natural history objects ever made by one man. 





ROTHSCHILD 71 


of his Zoological Museum and its remaining contents, including its library of 30,000 
volumes and the egg collections, to The Natural History Museum. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Novitates Zoologicae 41, 1938: 1^11; DNB. 

(1) One album: entitled Collections. W.R., this contains 52 photographs [?c.l890] depicting 
British and European towns and buildings. Probably compiled by Rothschild from the 
work of more than one photographer. Several pages have been removed. 

TRING Rothschild Library 3/F 

(2) Three printed volumes: Rothschild’s own copy of Avifauna of Laysan (1893-1900) with 
the following original material bound in: 

(a) 21 photographs by J.J. Williams (q.v.), copies of the photographs published in 
the volume. 

(b) seven watercolour drawings by J.G. Keulemans (q.v.) of which six are reproduced 
as Plates 8, 9, 10, 11, 13 & 73. The seventh accompanies Plate 53. 

(c) one watercolour drawing (20 x 16 cm), apparently by Mutzel, jun., accompanies 
Plate 47. 

(d) one watercolour drawing (28 x 22 cm) by E. Juilleraf used in the preparation of 
Plate 53. 

(e) one unsigned watercolour drawing (25 x 19 cm) accompanying Plate 53. 

(f) two pages of pen and ink drawings by F.W. Frohawk (q.v.) of the bills, etc. of 
birds reproduced as Plates 82 & 83. 

TRING Rothschild Library 9/H 

(3) One album: 496 photographs including zoological subjects, museum specimens and 
plants with six of Tring Museum, [c. 1892-1900]. Some are embossed S.G. Payne, but the 
identities of the other photographers are not recorded. Compiled by Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library, Cabinet 4, shelf 2 

(4) One album: 52 photographs of exhibits of birds and mammals in the Biological 
Museum, Stockholm, 1896. A presentation to Lord Rothschild from its Board of Directors. 
TRING Rothschild Library 2/K 

(5) Four volumes: 334 photographs of tortoises, [c. 1900-1910] have been inserted into 
volumes of Rothschild’s papers on the giant land tortoises of the Seychelles and Galapagos 
Islands from Novitates Zoologicae 1894-1915. A few have Ms annotations. Some pho¬ 
tographs were taken by S.G. Payne & Son. 

TRING Rothschild Library 66/D 

(6) One notebook in folder: Book register of tortoises measurements , [1896] by Walter 
Rothschild. 

TRING MSS ROTHSCHILD 

(7) One volume: 61 photographs of cassowaries have been bound into Rothschild’s own 
copy of his' monograph of the genus Casuarinus from Transactions of the Zoological 
Society of London 15, 1900: 109-290. Several are embossed with the name of the 
photographer, S.G. Payne. 

TRING Rothschild Library 10/H 



72 ROTHSCHILD 


(8) One album: 35 photographs of European towns and countryside, [c.1900]. The names 
of the photographers are not recorded. 

TRING Rothschild Library 2/K 

(9) One Ts volume: Catalogue of books in Zoological Museum, Tring , 1901 [-1904]. With 
Ms additions. Compiler unknown. 

TRING Rothschild Library 2/F 

(10) One Ts volume: Catalogue of books in Zoological Museum, Tring , 1901[-1904]. Very 
similar to the item above but in a smaller format. With Ms additions. 

TRING Rothschild Library 2/F 

(11) 42 watercolour drawings of extinct birds. Most were commissioned by Rothschild 
for exhibition at his reading of a paper on extinct birds in 1905. This was on the occasion 
of a day excursion to Tring by delegates to the 4th International Ornithological Congress 
held in London. The drawings were subsequently reproduced in Rothschild’s Extinct Birds 
(1907). 

(a) F.W. Frohawk (q.v.). Seven watercolour drawings, reproduced as Plates 24, 25, 
25A, 29, 30, 31 & 42. One measures nearly 2.5m. Another, of a life-size moa, is 
over 4 m. Drawings by Frohawk for Plates 24A, 24B & 24C are in the Zoology 
Library of The Natural History Museum. 

(b) Henrik Gronvold (1858-1940). Two watercolour drawings, reproduced as Plates 
7 & 8. 

(c) J.G. Keulemans (q.v.). 28 watercolour drawings, reproduced as Plates 1, 2 (fig.2), 
(two), 3, 4, 4A, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26(1), 26(2), 26(3), 
28, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38 & 39. 

(d) G.E. Lodge. Five watercolour drawings, reproduced as Plates 2, 5A, 27, 35(1) & 
35(2). The oil painting by Lodge for Plate 41 is also at Tring. George Edward 
Lodge, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., (1860-1954) was born at Horncastle in Lincolnshire. 
He was an artist, taxidermist, naturalist, sportsman and falconer whose illustrations 
appear in many bird books including those of David Bannerman. 

(e) J. Smit. One watercolour drawing, reproduced as Plate 11. Joseph Smit (1836-1929) 
was a Dutchman who moved to London in 1865 and illustrated several bird 
books and journals. 

(f) Unsigned. One watercolour drawing, reproduced as Plate 15. 

TRING Rothschild Library 

(12) One Ms volume: Catalogue of books belonging to the Honourable Walter Rothschild , 
1908. Compiler unknown. 

TRING Rothschild Library 2/F 

(13) One notebook: Lists of eggs collected in Algeria and in the Western Sahara 1908-1914 
[by L. W Rothschild, E.J. O. Hartert and C. Hilgert] compiled by E.J.O. Hartert. Rothschild 
and Hartert (q.v.), with Carl Hilgert (1866-1940) of Ingelheim in Germany as taxidermist, 
made several collecting trips to Algeria. The egg collection is now in The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1941-1-3). 

TRING EGG MSS ROTHSCHILD 



ROWE 73 


(14) A collection of 469 mounted and about 500 un-mounted photographs of Algerian 
scenes and landscapes [c. 1900-1915]. A few were published to accompany papers on the 
expeditions of Rothschild, Hartert and Hilgert in Novitates Zoologicae. Some are said 
there to have been photographed by Rothschild and by Hartert. A small number, including 
botanical and panoramic photographs, are signed by J.C. Hyam (fl. 1902-1914) who was 
a member of the Royal Photographic Society living in Algiers. Some 3,000 photographs 
of trees and plants have been transferred to the Botany Library of The Natural History 
Museum. 

TRING Photographs ROTHSCHILD 

(15) Two Ms volumes: Catalogue of books [in the Zoological Museum, Tring], c. 1910-1923. 
Written in several different hands. 

TRING Rothschild Library 2/G 

(16) One filing cabinet: a large collection of photographs, mostly mounted, [c.1890-c.1930]. 
These include photographs of cassowaries, emus, kiwis and other birds, tortoises and 
lizards, kangaroos, wallabies and other animals, also of greenhouse plants, many clearly 
taken in the grounds of Rothschild’s home at Tring Park. A few photographs are of 
congresses, of Tring Museum and of Lord Rothschild himself. By various photographers 
but a number bear the name of Samuel Glendenning Payne (fl. 1876-1920), an Aylesbury 
photographer and Member of the (Royal) Photographic Society who had a studio in 
Tring. Other named photographers include M.C. Miilbum (fl. 1915-1939) of Aylesbury 
and J.T. Newman of Berkhamsted. A few photographs are to be found reproduced in 
books such as Hutchinson’s Animals of all countries (1923-25). 

TRING Photographs ROTHSCHILD 

All the items above were bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. Further material, including his 
collection of cassowary drawings, is held in the Zoology Library of The Natural History 
Museum. 


158. ROWE, Eric George (1904=1987) 

Eric Rowe, C.M.G., M.B.O.U., educated at Chatham House School, Ramsgate, and St. 
Edmund Hall, Oxford, was in the Colonial Service in Tanganyika for thirty years. He 
collected birds which were sent to The Natural History Museum and was the author of 
a paper on Verreaux’s Eagle in Ibis 1947. 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who , 1981-1990. 

(1) One Ms volume: notes on birds and fishing in Tanganyika, 1939-1940, and on birds 
of Kashmir, 1941. 

TRING MSS ROWE 



74 ROYAL ALBERT MEMORIAL MUSEUM 


159. ROYAL ALBERT MEMORIAL MUSEUM, EXETER 

The Royal Albert Memorial Museum was founded in 1868 and has large and important 
collections of natural history, archaeology and ethnography. 

Historical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One Ts volume: List of the birds contained in the collection of the Royal Albert Memorial 
Museum , Exeter , 1940. Presented in 1940. 

TRING Ornithology Library 97 R 


160. SALMON, John Drew (1802-1859) 

Salmon, F.L.S., became the manager of an ice company in London. An ornithologist and 
botanist, he was an honorary member of the Norwich Museum and the author of several 
papers on British birds. Salmon commenced egg collecting in 1828 with his brother 
Richard. He bequeathed his main egg collection to the Linnean Society but unfortunately 
some of the eggs were stolen before they came into the Society’s possession ( Ibis 1863: 
370-372). The collection later came to The Natural History Museum and was registered 
much later (BMNH 1947-16 etc.). 

Biographical reference: W.E. Glegg. 1948. An early oologist: John Drew Salmon, 1802- 
1859. Bulletin British Ornithologists’ Club 68: 56-58; DNB. 

(1) One Ms volume: catalogue of the Salmon collection of birds’ eggs, [1828-1858]. 
Purchased in 1891 from the Linnean Society of London. 

TRING EGG MSS SALMON 


161. SAUNDERS, Howard (1835-1907) 

Howard Saunders, F.L.S., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., born in London, was a merchant 
banker. He was an active traveller and birdwatcher with a particular interest in gulls and 
terns. He was Secretary of the British Ornithologists’ Union and Editor of the Ibis, was 
the first Secretary-Treasurer of the British Ornithologists’ Club (1892-1899) and on the 
Councils of the Linnean, Zoological and Royal Geographical Societies. Bird specimens 
were given to The Natural History Museum over a period of years and there was a large 
bequest (BMNH 1907-12-20). Saunders was the author of An illustrated manual of British 
birds (1889) and other works. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1908: 169-172; DNB. 

(1) Three notebooks in a box: Bird catalogue [of Saunders’ collection], [1871-1888] (one 
vol.); notes on seabird skins from various collections examined, [1873-1891] (one vol.) 
and Laridae [specimens known] [c.1892] (one vol.). The last two were clearly preparatory 




SEEBOHM 75 


material for volume 25 of Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum (1896) of which 
Saunders was the author. 

TRING MSS SAUNDERS 


162. SAXTON, Leo J. (?) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (27 x 38 cm): Grey Heron at a garden pool. 
TRING Drawings SAXTON 


163. SCLATER, Philip Lutley (1829-1913) 

Philip Sclater, M.A., D.Sc., Ph.D., F.R.S., F.G.S., F.L.S., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., 
born in Hampshire and educated at Winchester and Corpus Christi College, Oxford, was 
Secretary and Chief Executive of the Zoological Society of London for over forty years. 
On the councils of several zoological and academic societies, Dr Sclater was a founder 
member of the British Ornithologists’ Union, the Editor of Ibis (1859-1864 & 1877-1912), 
and was Chairman of the British Ornithologists’ Club for its first twenty-one years 
(1892-1913). He studied Neotropical birds and his bird collections are now in The Natural 
History Museum. He was the author of some volumes of Catalogue of birds in the British 
Museum and numerous other books and papers. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1913: 642-686. 

(1) One Ms volume: Index generum avium alphabeticus: alphabetical index to the genera 
adopted in the twenty-seven volumes of the Catalogue of birds in the British Museum , 1899. 
The original was prepared, under Sclater’s direction, at the Zoological Society of London 
by the librarian Frederick Herschel Waterhouse (1845-1919) and his assistants. It was 
published as Volume 9 of Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club (1899) after being 
exhibited at a Club meeting in January 1899. This copy was made and presented to the 
Museum by Sclater in 1899. 

TRING MSS SCLATER 


164. SEEBOHM, Henry (1832-1895) 

Henry Seebohm, F.L.S., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Bradford, Yorkshire, 
and educated at the Quaker School in York. He worked in steel manufacturing in Sheffield 
and became a wealthy man, spending his spare time travelling and collecting birds in 
Europe, South Africa, Russia and Siberia. Large numbers of bird skins and eggs were 
presented to The Natural History Museum. The last two years of his life were spent in 
rearranging and cataloguing The Natural History Museum’s entire egg collection with the 
help of Emily Mary, the daughter of Dr R.B. Sharpe. Seebohm was Secretary of the 




76 SHACKLETON-ROWETT EXPEDITION 


Royal Geographical Society, President of the Hertfordshire Natural History Society and 
the author of many books and papers including A history of British birds and their eggs 
(1883-1885). His travel diaries are in the Zoology Library of The Natural History Museum. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1896: 159-162, 291-293; DNB. 

(1) Ten Ms volumes: Catalogue of the eggs of birds in the British Museum , 1895. This 
provided the basis of E.W. Oates’ Catalogue of the collection of eggs in the British Museum 
(Natural History) (1901-1912). 

TRING EGG MSS SEEBOHM 


165. SHACKLETON-ROWETT EXPEDITION (1921-1922) 

The Shackleton-Rowett expedition, 1921-1922, was to the South Atlantic and Weddell 
Sea to carry out surveying and geological work as well as natural history. The leader was 
Sir Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) and the expedition was mainly financed by John Quiller 
Rowett (1876-1924). The naturalist appointed was an Australian polar explorer, Captain 
(later Sir) George Hubert Wilkins, F.R.G.S., M.B.O.U., (1888-1958) and a wooden vessel, 
the Quest , was specially converted. Unfortunately, Shackleton died at South Georgia 
during the expedition. A report by Wilkins, and P.R. Lowe of The Natural History 
Museum, on birds collected was published in Ibis 1923: 474-529. After identification by 
Lowe, some of the bird specimens (BMNH 1922-12-6) and eggs (BMNH 1922-12-21) 
were presented to the Museum by Rowett. 

Historical reference: F. Wild. 1923. The voyage of the Quest. Geographical Magazine 1923: 
33-108. 

(1) One folder: papers concerning birds collected on the voyage of the Quest in the South 
Atlantic and Weddell Sea, including letters and a typed preliminary report by Wilkins, 
1921-1923. 

TRING MSS SHACKLETON 


166. SHAFFER, Lawrence Charles (11.1970) 

L.C. Shaffer, D.Phil., M.B.O.U., studied for his doctorate at the Department of Zoology, 
Oxford University. He later moved to the United States of America. 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One Ts volume: Gulls and crabs: a predator-prey interaction, 1970. With photographs. 
A report submitted to the British Ornithologists’ Union of work done under their 
sponsorship while the author was working for his doctorate. Presented by the British 
Ornithologists’ Union in 1983. 

TRING MSS SHAFFER 




SKINNER 77 


167. SHERLOCK, John Henry (fl. 1936-1938) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) Two mounted black and white photographs of Iceland Falcon, taken in Iceland, 1936. 
TRING Photographs SHERLOCK 

(2) One box: photographs of Iceland Falcon, Snowy Owl and Great Northern Diver taken 
in Iceland, 1936-1938. Comprising 15 glass plate negatives with four contact prints and 
four experimental glass plate colour positives. Presented by Mrs Mary Sherlock in 1979. 
TRING Photographs SHERLOCK 


168. SHUEL, Ronald S. (fl.1931-1945) 

Ronald Shuel was a Commissioner of Police in Nigeria who made a particular study of 
the nesting of birds. He collected eggs and a few bird skins with the assistance of his wife 
and was author or co-author of papers in the Ibis (1930-1938) on nesting in Nigeria. 
Shuel presented eggs to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1945-3) while others came 
indirectly with the Jourdain Collection. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Two Ms volumes: notes on birds’ eggs collected in Nigeria, [1931-1937]. Presented in 
1945. 

TRING EGG MSS SHUEL 


169. SIMONS, Perry Ofveitt] (1869-1901) 

Perry Simons was born at Mineral Point, Wisconsin, U.S.A., and attended Stanford 
University. He worked as a zoological collector in Mexico and South America. While 
crossing the Andes on foot near Puente de Inca, he was murdered by his local guide. Two 
and a half thousand bird skins and several eggs were received at The Natural History 
Museum between 1900 and 1902, having been purchased from the dealer W.F.H. Rosenberg. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Auk 20, 1903: 94-96. 

(1) One Ms in a box: notes on birds and other specimens collected in Bolivia, Peru. 
Argentina and Ecuador, 1899-1900. 

TRING MSS SIMONS 


170. SKINNER, Kenneth Leslie (1876-1956) 

Kenneth Skinner was an agent for the Brooklands estate at Weybridge, Surrey. He was 
founder and Editor of The Oologists’ Record and was a charter member of the Museum 



78 SMALLEY 


of Comparative Oology in America. He collected birds’ eggs, and many are now in The 
Natural History Museum collection. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Oologists Record 1956: 64—66. 

(1) One box of letters: Oologists’ autographs , 1911-1934. A collection of 330 letters to 
Skinner, kept as examples of handwriting and signatures. Presented in 1952. 

TRING EGG MSS SKINNER 


171. SMALLEY, Frederick William (1879/80-1933) 

Frederick Smalley, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., educated at Rugby and Wadham College, Oxford, 
was interested in ornithology from his early days and made a collection of Palearetic 
birds. Ill health prevented field work in later years, so he concentrated on breeding pigeons 
and bantams, becoming one of the greatest experts and judges in England. For a while 
he was editor of a leading poultry journal and Director or Chairman of the Crystal Palace 
Grand International Poultry Show. Jointly with C.B. Ticehurst he inherited the bird skin 
collection of J.J.L. Bonhote (q.v.) and pigeons from this collection were presented to The 
Natural History Museum (BMNH 1924-4-10 & 1924-5-31). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1934: 402. 

(1) Two Ms volumes: Pigeon stud book, 1903-1913, accompanied by a folder of papers 
including letters from N.B. Kinnear to Smalley, 1926-1927, referring to Bonhote’s pigeons. 
Presented by his son, Richard Smalley, in 1934. 

TRING MSS SMALLEY 


172. SOUTER, J.A.F. (fl.1930-1942) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One notebook in a folder: catalogue of Souter’s collection of British birds’ eggs, 
1930-1942. Accompanied by five letters to Souter concerning breeding birds. Presented 
by St. Michael’s School, Limpsfield, Surrey in 1995 with the egg collection, but nothing 
is known of its history. 

TRING EGG MSS SOUTER 


173. SPECULUM NATURAE 

(1) Two volumes: Speculum Naturae , [18—]. 245 pages of pencil, ink and watercolour 
drawings of birds, shells, animals and insects including butterflies, generally with several 
drawings on each page. The identity of the artist is unknown but the few annotations are 



TALBOT KELLY 79 


in English. Many have the appearance of having been copied from book illustrations. 
Provenance uncertain but probably bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Rothschild Library 71/B 


174. STALKER, Wilfred (1879-1910) 

From 1904, Wilfred Stalker, an Englishman, was at gold mines in New Guinea and started 
collecting birds and mammals for The Natural History Museum. He was also asked by 
Sir William Ingram, an aviculturalist, to collect in Australia and New Guinea and brought 
living birds including birds of paradise back to England. In 1909, Stalker went out to the 
Aru Islands and the Moluccas ( Novitates Zoologicae 21, 1914: 28-33) to collect birds and 
mammals and to engage porters ready for the British Ornithologists’ Union expedition 
to Dutch New Guinea (q.v.). Days after joining up with the expedition in New Guinea 
itself, he was found drowned in the Mimika River. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1910: 377-378. 

(1) Three notebooks in a box: notes relating to bird collecting in Australia, New Guinea 
and the Moluccas with a few notes on mammals and butterflies, [1907-1909]. 

TRING MSS STALKER 


175. STEVENS, Herbert (1877-1964) 

Herbert Stevens, F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was a tea planter in India and took part in 
expeditions to China and New Guinea collecting zoological specimens. His birds’ egg and 
nest collections from Assam and the Sikkim Himalayas were presented to The Natural 
History Museum in 1961, while his bird skins went to the liancock Museum in Newcastle. 
Stevens wrote the autobiographical Through deep defiles to Tibetan uplands (1934). Through 
the bequest of his house in Tring, he became a great benefactor of the British Ornithologists’ 
Club. 

Biographical reference: R.E.F. Peal. 1991 & 1992. The Chairman’s address. Bulletin of the 
British Ornithologists’ Club 111: 177-182 & 112: 139-142. 

(1) One volume of reprints: Notes on the birds of the Sikkim Himalaya by H. Stevens from 
Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 29 & 30, 1923-25. Heavily annotated by 
the author. 

TRING MSS STEVENS 


176. TALBOT KELLY, Chloe Elizabeth (b.1927) 

Chloe Talbot Kelly, M.S.I.A., S.W.L.A., M.B.O.U., bom in Hampstead, London, is a 
self-taught bird artist and the daughter of another bird artist, Richard Barrett Talbot 
Kelly. She has illustrated numerous bird books, among them D.A. & W.M. Bannerman's 



80 TAYLOR 


Handbook of birds of Cyprus (1971) and the third series of C.W. Mackworth-Praed and 
C.H.B. Grant’s African Handbook of Birds (1970-1973). 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (31 x 29 cm): a male Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra, 
at Serra dos Orgaos, S.E. Brazil, 1975. Presented in 1975. 

TRING Conference Room 


177. TAYLOR, P. Barry (fl.1974-1996) 

Dr Barry Taylor, M.B.O.U., studied at Bristol University. He worked in the field of 
computers in Zambia and Kenya from 1974 and is currently an honorary research associate 
of the University of Natal. He is the author of papers in Scopus and Tauraco. 

Biographical reference: personal information. 

(1) Tss in folder: descriptions of birds seen in Zambia, 1978-1980. With 32 colour 
photographs (35 mm slides). Presented in 1980 and 1981. 

TRING MSS TAYLOR 

(2) One Ts in folder: descriptions of birds seen in Kenya, 1981-1985. With 18 photographs. 
Presented in 1984 and 1985. 

TRING MSS TAYLOR 


178. TICEHURST, Claud Buchanan (1881-1941) 

Claud Ticehurst, M.A., B.Ch., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., F.R.G.S., M.B.O.U., was born at St. 
Leonards-on-Sea in Sussex and educated at Tonbridge School and St. John’s College, 
Cambridge. After obtaining medical degrees at Guy’s Hospital in London he was in 
medical practice at Lowestoft, Suffolk, and then at Appledore in Kent. He made many 
trips to Europe, often with J.J.L. Bonhote or H. Whistler, observing and collecting birds. 
From 1917 to 1920 he served as a surgeon with the Army in India and made visits to 
Basra and Quetta. Dr Ticehurst was Editor of Ibis (1931-1941) and the author of A 
History of the Birds of Suffolk (1932), A Systematic review of the genus Phylloscopus (1938) 
and other books and papers. At the time of his death he had been working with Hugh 
Whistler (q.v.) on a systematic account of the birds of India, Burma and Ceylon. Nearly 
10,000 birds were bequeathed to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1941-5-30); others 
had been presented during his lifetime. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1941: 321-335. 

(1) One Ms volume: Catalogue of bird skins in the collection of C.B. Ticehurst, [1894-1940]. 
This catalogue also lists (until 1911) skins in the collection of Ticehurst’s brother, Norman 
Frederick Ticehurst, M.A., M.B., F.R.C.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U. (1873-1969). Presented by 
Mrs Ticehurst. 

TRING MSS TICEHURST 






TRACY 81 


(2) One Ms volume: Notes on Smith and Garthwaite [and other] Burma collections [of 
birds 1899-1940J , [1934-1940] compiled by C.B. Ticehurst. A sketch-map is included. The 
bird skins of Herbert Cecil Smith (1893-1981) and Peter F. Garthwaite, were presented 
by them to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1948-80) after the death of Ticehurst 
with whose collection they had been housed. 

TRING MSS TICEHURST 

(3) One box of papers: notes for a book on Indian birds, [1934-1941]. H. Whistler was 
typing out sections of their proposed book being sent to him in manuscript by Ticehurst. 
Notes for the families Timaliidae, Paridae, Sittidae and Corvidae are present in typescript. 
Ms versions and notes for some other families are present. Probably bequeathed by Hugh 
Whistler. 

TRING MSS TICEHURST 

(4) c.3 metres of papers: ornithological notebooks, diaries, correspondence and other 
papers. These reflect Claud Ticehurst’s lifetime of ornithological research, particularly his 
work on Suffolk, Baluchistan, India and Burma. Letters from numerous fellow or¬ 
nithologists are preserved, notably those from his brother Norman Frederick Ticehurst 
(1873-1969), J.J.L. Bonhote (q.v.), William Eagle Clarke (1853-1938), E.J O. Hartert 
(q.v.), Sir Norman Boyd Kinnear (1882-1957), Michael John Nicoll (1880-1925), H. 
Whistler (q.v.) and H.F. Witherby (q.v.). The collection also includes the following: 

(a) J.J.L. Bonhote (q.v.). Ten diaries covering trips to Europe, the Bahamas and 
Egypt, etc., and nine notebooks detailing bird skins collected, 1890-1921. 

(b) W.D. Cuming (d.1925). Ms notes on trips to the pelican nests at Khor Moosa in 
the Persian Gulf, 1883-1884. 

(c) Charles F. Mant. One notebook: North Sea ornithological notes and Orford 
[Suffolk] notes, 1911-1913. 

(d) George Reginald Master. One Ms catalogue of an exhibited [Norwich?] bird skin 
collection, [18—]. 

(e) B.B. Osmaston. One notebook: Birds of the Andaman Islands , 1903-1907. Bertram 
Beresford Osmaston, C.I.E., F.C.H., M.B.O.U., (1868-1961), born in Derbyshire, 
was in the Indian Forest Service. 

(f) H.C. Smith. One Ts: notes on birds of Maymyo, Burma, [1933-1935]. Herbert 
Cecil Smith, B.Sc., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., (1893-1981), spent 26 years in Burma with 
the Indian Forest Service and as a game warden. 

A finding list has been prepared. Presented by Mrs Ticehurst. 

TRING MSS TICEHURST 


179. TRACY, William Borrer (1863-1913) 

The Reverend William Tracy, M. A., was born at Worth Matravers, Dorset, and educated 
at King William’s College, Isle of Man, going on to Corpus Christi, Cambridge, and to 
Durham University. He was at churches in Sheffield, Norfolk, Warwickshire and Derbyshire 



82 TRISTRAM 


before becoming Director and Chaplain of the Church Missionaries’ Childrens Home at 
Limpsfield in Surrey in 1904. 

Biographical reference: Crockford’s Clerical Directory, 1913; Cambridge alumni lists. 

(1) One printed volume: A systematic catalogue of the eggs of British birds : arranged with 
a view to supersede the use of labels for eggs, (1848) by S.C. Malan. Annotations 
have been made by Tracy to form a catalogue of his own egg collection, c. 1875-1906. 
Accompanied by letters to Tracy concerning egg collecting and press-cuttings about rare 
eggs. Presented by Rear Admiral H.G.H. Tracy with the egg collection (BMNH 1989-5) 
in 1979. 

TRING EGG MSS TRACY 


180. TRISTRAM, Henry Baker (1822-1906) 

Canon Tristram, LL.D., D.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., M.B.O.U., was born at Eglingham in 
Northumberland, and educated at Durham School and Fincoln College, Oxford. He was 
ordained a clergyman, spending most of his career in Durham. Due to poor health he 
travelled overseas in warmer climates, particularly in the Middle East, and amassed large 
collections of bird skins, most now at the Liverpool Museum. A large part of Tristram’s 
egg collection was purchased by Philip Crowley (1837-1900) in 1887 and acquired by The 
Natural History Museum with the Crowley Bequest in 1901 & 1902. Tristram was a 
founder member of the British Ornithologists’ Union and on the British Association 
Protection of Wild Birds’ Eggs Committee, also President of the Tyneside Naturalists’ 
Club. One of his many books was Survey of the Fauna and Flora of Palestine (1884). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1906: 602-606; DNB. 

(1) Three Ms volumes: Register of egg cabinets, C.1852-C.1882. The registers passed into 
the possession of Thomas Parkin (1845-1935) who added a few letters and printed articles 
including an obituary and two photographic portraits of Tristram. Presented to the 
Museum in 1927, long after the egg collection arrived, probably by Parkin. 

TRING EGG MSS TRISTRAM 


181. VALLENTIN, Rupert (1859-1934) 

Rupert Vallentin, F.L.S., born at Walthamstow near London, studied for a time at the 
University of Munich. He was a man of private means, a naturalist and marine biologist, 
who visited the Falkland Islands at intervals between 1898 and 1911. He presented several 
Falklands’ eggs to The Natural History Museum and, with his wife Elinor, made collections 
of plants. Vallentin was the author of notes on birds of the Falklands in Manchester 
Memoirs 48 (1904) no.23 and on natural history in V.F. Boyson’s The Falkland Islands 
(1924). 




VENNING 83 


Biographical reference: Obituary. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 147 1935- 
191-194. 

(1) One portfolio: five photographs of penguins taken in the Falkland Islands, 1902. Some 
of these were to illustrate Vallentin’s suggestion that rocks were being ‘scored’ by the feet 
of Rockhopper penguins (. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 15, 1905: 48-51). 
Presented c.1902. 

TRING MSS VALLENTIN 


182. VAN SOMEREN, Victor Gurner Logan (1886-1976) 

Dr van Someren, F.L.S., F.R.E.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Melbourne, Australia, and 
spent his childhood in Malaya. He was educated at George Watson’s College in Edinburgh 
and graduated in medicine and dental surgery at the University there. He was appointed 
as a government Medical Officer to British East Africa in 1910. An all-round naturalist 
and collector, van Someren became Honorary Curator of the East Africa and Uganda 
Natural History Society’s Museum (now the the National Museum of Kenya) and was 
its first Director. He was the author of books and papers on natural history of eastern 
Africa, often illustrated with his photographs and drawings. Many of his photographs 
were published in African Handbook of Birds (q.v.). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1977: 221-222. 

(1) 24 volumes: c.1220 watercolour drawings and a few pencil sketches of eastern African 
birds, 1909-1937. Accompanied by Ts notes on the birds. Lithographs of 93 of the 
drawings were published by A.C. Allyn in Volume 1 (Ploceidae) of The birds of east Africa 
(1973) but no more of the projected fifteen volumes have appeared. Bequeathed by van 
Someren. 

TRING MSS VAN SOMEREN 


183. VENNING, Francis Esmond Wingate (1882-1970) 

Brigadier Venning, C.B., C.B.E., D.S.O., M.B.O.U., was born in Ceylon. He was educated 
at Bath College and at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and joined the Indian 
Army. He wrote papers on birds for Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society and 
presented several bird skins to The Natural History Museum between 1913 and 1920. 
Venning’s egg collection was also presented (BMNH 1970-6). In retirement he was 
President of the Southampton Natural History Society. 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who , 1961-1970. 

(1) Twelve notebooks in two boxes: notes on birds, eggs, snakes, mammals and gardening 
in Burma, India, Mesopotamia and the British Isles, 1910-1933. Presented in 1970. 
TRING EGG MSS VENNING 



84 VENTURI 


184. VENTURI, Santiago (d.1930) 

Santiago Venturi was an Italian who lived in the Argentine Republic. His egg collection 
was purchased by Walter Rothschild and described by E.J.O. Hartert and S. Venturi in 
Novitates Zoologicae 16, 1909: 159-267. Venturi’s collection came to The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1941^1-3) with the Rothschild egg collections. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. El Hornero 4, 1931: 435. 

(1) One Ms in folder: list of birds’ eggs in the Venturi Argentine collection 1897-1906, 
[1906]. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING EGG MSS VENTURI 


185. VINCENT, Alfred William (b.1904) 

Alfred Vincent, M.B.O.U., educated at Christ’s Hospital School, spent 50 years in southern 
and central Africa as a bank inspector. He published a major paper on the breeding habits 
of African birds in Ibis (1945-1949), based in part on the material in his collection. In 
1995 he presented his collection of African birds’ eggs to The Natural History Museum. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) Fourteen Ms volumes: notes on the breeding of birds in South Africa, Southern 
Rhodesia and the Belgian Congo, with notes made on short trips to Northern Rhodesia, 
Nyasaland and Portuguese East Africa [1927-1973] (13 vols.) and notes on birds seen in 
Norway, England, Spain and Crete [1934—1980] (1 vol.). Presented in 1995. 

TRING EGG MSS VINCENT 


186. WACE, Richard Henry (fl.1894-1948) 

Dr Wace, M.B., qualified as a doctor in Aberdeen in 1894. After working as a medical 
officer in Western Australia, he was with the Falkland Islands Company from c.1913 to 
1917 when he returned to England. When A.G. Bennett collated bird records from the 
Falklands he included those of Wace and published a list in Ibis 1926: 306-333. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One Ts in a folder: A list of the wild fowl [i.e. wild birds] of the Falklands, 1917. This, 
the English original for a paper in Spanish published in El Hornero 2, 1921: 194—204, 
contains material omitted from the published version. Presented by Major F.J. Newnham. 
TRING MSS WACE 


187. WAIT, Walter Ernest (1878-1961) 

Walter Wait, M.A., C.M.G., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., educated at Fettes College, Edinburgh 
and Edinburgh University, was in the Ceylon Civil Service. He was the author of papers 




WALTON 85 


on Ceylon birds published in Spolia Zeylanica which were subsequently incorporated in 
his Manual of the Birds of Ceylon (1925). His egg collection was presented to The Natural 
History Museum (BMNH 1958-5). 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who, 1961-1970. 

(1) One Ms volume: catalogue of Ceylon birds’ eggs collected 1907-1934. Presented by 
E.M.C. Wait in 1958. 

TRING EGG MSS WAIT 


188. WAITE, Herbert William (1887-1967) 


Major Waite, C.M.G., C.I.E., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., educated at Leamington College, was 
with the Indian Police and then spent much of his retirement in what is now Pakistan. 
He made a collection of over 5,000 birds which he presented to The Natural History 
Museum (BMNH 1948-19 & 1949-25). Many of Waite’s notes on birds are in Journal of 
the Bombay Natural History Society. 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who, 1961-1970. 

(1) Six Ms volumes: register of the Waite collection of Indian birds in systematic order, 
[1926-1947]. Presented in 1969 by his niece, Miss Daphne Blackman. 

TRING MSS WAITE 

(2) One Ms volume in folder: register of the Waite collection of Indian birds in order of 
collection, [1926-1947]. Presented by Miss Daphne Blackman in 1969. 

TRING MSS WAITE 


189. WALKER, Edna M. (fl.1932-1951) 

Miss Edna Walker lived in Scotland, at Doune in Perthshire, and then at Forgue by 
Huntly in Aberdeenshire. She kept a diary of birds she saw on her daily walks and made 
notes of those seen during train journeys and on car drives to other parts of Scotland. 

Biography unknown. 

(1) Nine diaries in a box: [Scottish] bird notes , 1932-1951. Presented by Adam Watson. 
c.1980. 

TRING MSS WALKER 


190. WALTON, Carolyn M. A. (fl.1975-1976) 

Mrs Carolyn Walton, B.Sc., was a member of the British Ornithologists’ Union from 1975 
to 1987. 



86 WAUMSLEY 


Biography unknown. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) in folder: The birds at Rwegura, Republic of Burundi, Central 
Africa , 1975-1976. 

TRING MSS WALTON 


191. WAUMSLEY, T. Harold (fl.1912-1916) 

Colonel Harold Waumsley lived near Nottingham and attended Mundella School. His 
egg diary ends abruptly in May 1916 when he joined the Army. Waumsley’s egg collection 
was donated to The Natural History Museum in 1987 (BMNH 1995-14). 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One notebook in a folder: Diary of formation and building-up of collection of British 
birds eggs’ in my possession , 1912-1916. Photographs of birds, eggs and nests have been 
inserted; most eggs were collected in Nottinghamshire. Presented by his sons, Richard 
and John Waumsley, in 1987. 

TRING MSS WAUMSLEY 


192. WEIGOLD, Max Hugo (1886-1973) 

Hugo Weigold, Dr.phil., was born in Dresden and studied natural sciences and geography 
in Jena and Leipzig. He worked for the Scientific Commission for Marine Research in 
Heligoland, specialising in bird migration. Lor six years he carried out zoological research 
on China and Tibet and visited and wrote on these areas. Dr Weigold became Director 
of Natural Sciences at the Niedersachsisches Landesmuseum in Hanover. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Vogelwarte 27, 1973: 141-145. 

(1) 250 leaves in a folder: notes on birds of Spain, Portugal and Tangier, 1913, in Ms and 
Ts and written in German. Believed to be the work of Weigold. Presented by Mrs Joan 
England in 1980. 

TRING MSS WEIGOLD 


193. WELCH, Robert John (1859-1936) 

Robert Welch, M.Sc., M.R.I.A., was born at Strabane in Northern Ireland. He was a 
professional photographer interested in all branches of Irish natural history and ar¬ 
chaeology and was awarded an honorary M.Sc. degree by the Queen’s University of 
Belfast in 1925. He was President of the Belfast Naturalists’ Field Club, of the Belfast 
Natural History and Philosophical Society, and of the Conchological Society. 





WHISTLER 87 


Biographical reference: Obituary. Irish Naturalists’ Journal 6, 1936: 131-140. 

(1) One box: 31 photographs of nests, with eggs or young, of Irish birds, 1889-1893. 
Presented. 

TRING MSS WELCH 

194. WEST PALE ARCTIC BIRDS LTD. 

West Palearctic Birds Ltd. is a company set up to manage the production of Handbook 
of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: the birds of the Western Palearctic. 
The nine volume work was published between 1977 and 1994 by Oxford University Press. 
Stanley Cramp, O.B.E., B.A., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., (1913-1987) took early retirement from 
the Civil Service in order to assume the role of Chief Editor for the enormous undertaking 
of preparing this authoritative work of reference with its teams of editors, artists, researchers 
and correspondents. 

(1) Eight boxes: correspondence relating to the preparation of Handbook of the birds of 
Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: the birds of the Western Palearctic (1977-1994). 
Generally arranged in alphabetical order under the name of the correspondent. Presented 
in 1995. 

TRING MSS BWP 

195. WHISTLER, Hugh (1889-1943) 

Hugh Whistler, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., bom at Mablethorpe in Lincolnshire and educated at 
Aldenham School, was with the Indian Police in Punjab province for seventeen years. He 
studied and collected birds and on retiring to England in 1926 continued his researches 
into Indian ornithology. He also made collecting trips to Europe and North Africa, often 
in the company of C.B. Ticehurst (q.v.). Whistler’s publications include the Popular 
handbook of Indian birds (1928) and many papers on birds of India. In collaboration with 
C.B. Ticehurst he began work on what was to be a comprehensive handbook on the birds 
of India, Burma and Ceylon. With the death of Whistler two years after that of Ticehurst, 
the work was never completed. Whistler’s huge collection of 17,000 birds was presented 
by the Hon. Mrs Whistler to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1949-WHI) and 
letters to him written by C.B. Ticehurst are in the Zoology Library of the Natural History 
Museum. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1943: 524—532. 

(1) One Ts and one Ms in a folder: notes on birds collected in 1926 on an expedition into 
the Shaksgam Valley and the Aghil Range which lie near the frontier between Kashmir 
and Chinese Turkestan [1926-1927] by K. Mason and F.O. Cave. With letters to Whistler 
and two newspaper cuttings. Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth Mason, M.C., R.E., F.R.G.S., 
(1887-1976) was the leader of the expedition (India Survey Department Records 22, 1928). 
Colonel F.O. Cave (q.v.) was the ornithologist. 

TRING MSS WHISTLER 



88 WHITE 


(2) One notebook in a folder: notes on birds seen and collected on a trip to Sicily, 1933. 
TRING MSS WHISTLER 

(3) One notebook in a folder: lists of Indian collecting localities, compiled c.1937. With 
annotated printed maps. 

TRING MSS WHISTLER 

(4) 26 boxes of Ms and eight volumes: Collection of birds skins (mounted and unmounted) 
in the possession of Capt. F[uller] Whistler & Hugh Whistler of Battle, Sussex [from the 
British Isles, Egypt and India], 1909-1916 (one notebook); Measurements of Indian Birds , 
compiled c.1940 (six vols.); Measurements of Palaearctic Birds , compiled c.1942 (one vol.); 
notes on Indian birds arranged according to species, compiled c.1940, including maps, 
letters and cuttings from printed works (24 boxes); notes on the moult of birds, mostly 
Indian, [?193—] (two boxes). 

TRING MSS WHISTLER 

(5) One Ts (carbon copy) volume: Birds of the Himalayas , c.1942. An incomplete work. 
TRING MSS WHISTLER 


196. WHITE, Charles Matthew Newton (1914-1978) 

Charles White, M.B.E., M.A., M.B.O.U., born at Preston, Lancashire, and educated at 
Preston Grammar School and Balliol College, Oxford, went into the Colonial Ad¬ 
ministrative Service in Northern Rhodesia (later Zambia). Here he studied and collected 
birds, some of which he presented to The Natural History Museum, and published many 
papers including several check lists of African birds which reflected his interest in 
systematics. During White’s retirement he turned his attention to birds of Indonesia and 
was working on Birds of Wallacea (1986) at the time of his death. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1979: 232-234. 

(1) One Ts in folder: Cassowary taxonomy, [1976]. Presented in 1976. 

TRING MSS WHITE 

(2) Three boxes of Tss: drafts for Birds of Wallacea and works on distribution and 
systematics of birds, mainly in Africa, south-east Asia and Australasia, [197-]. Also a 
notebook, from which all notes appear to have been copied in Ts, and a few leaves of 
Ms. Contents list available. Presented by his sister, Miss Kathleen White, in 1979. 
TRING MSS WHITE 


197. WHITEHEAD, John (1860-1899) 

John Whitehead was born in Muswell Hill, London, and educated at the Edinburgh 
Institution. He became an explorer and naturalist, travelling and collecting in Switzerland, 
Corsica, Borneo and the Philippines. He died of fever in Hainan at the age of 38. 
Whitehead was the author of Exploration of Mount Kina Balu (1893). His collection of 



WILLIAMS 89 


European birds’ eggs (BMNH 1941-3-9) came to The Natural History Museum with the 
Rothschild Bequest. 

Biographical reference: DNB. 

(1) One printed volume: A systematic catalogue of the eggs of British birds: arranged with 
a view to supersede the use of labels for eggs by S.C. Malan (1848). With annotations by 
Whitehead who used it to catalogue his collection of European eggs, including several 
from Corsica, 1881-1891. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING EGG MSS WHITEHEAD 


198. WHYMPER, Charles (1853-1941) 

Charles Whymper, R.I., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in London, studied at the Royal 
Academy and was a pupil of Joseph Wolf. As his interests were in archaeology, birds and 
game shooting, he spent winters in Egypt, selling pictures and acting as a tourist guide. 
He wrote and illustrated Egyptian Birds (1909) and illustrated other books on travel, big 
game and natural history. 

Biographical reference: Who Was Who, 1941-1950. 

(1) One watercolour drawing (55 x 38 cm): Balaeniceps rex , the Shoebill Stork , [n.d.]. 
Bequeathed by Sir William Garstin in 1925. 

TRING Drawings WHYMPER 


199. WICKHAM, Percy Frederic (1869/70-1949) 

Percy Wickham, M.B.O.U., was educated at Winchester and the Royal Indian Engineering 
College at Cooper’s Hill. He served with the Public Works Department in Burma from 
1892 to 1922, with the exception of two years in the Andaman Islands. His notes on birds 
of Burma were published in Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. A few skins 
he collected are in The Natural History Museum and his egg collection (BMNH 1996-1) 
was received in exchange with the Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter, in the 1980’s. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 49, 1950: 
291. 

(1) One Ms volume: catalogue of Wickham’s Burmese egg collection, [c. 1898-1926]. 
Received in exchange from the Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter, in the 1980 s. 
TRING EGG MSS WICKHAM 


200. WILLIAMS, James J. (1853-1926) 

James Williams, originally from San Francisco, U.S.A., was active as a professional 
photographer in the Hawaiian islands from 1879 to 1926. 



90 WILLIAMSON 


Biographical reference: L. Davis. 1980. Na Pa’i Ki’i: the photographers in the Hawaiian 
Islands, 1845-1900. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Special Publication 69: 35-37 & 47. 

(1) 77 photographs in two albums: Bird life on Laysan Island, [c. 1890]. Some are reproduced 
in Walter Rothschild’s Avifauna of Laysan (1893-1900) and said to be by “Mr Williams 
of Honolulu”. This is almost certainly James J. Williams. In addition, there are four boxes 
containing c.90 glass plate negatives (some in fragments), one box of 58 mounted prints 
of seabirds, turtles and scenery, and six large mounted prints, clearly the work of this 
same photographer. Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING MSS WILLIAMS & TRING Photographs WILLIAMS 


201. WILLIAMSON, Kenneth (1914-1977) 

Kenneth Williamson, F.R.S.E., M.B.O.U., worked at the Manx Museum and the York 
Museum before becoming Director of the Fair Isle Bird Observatory in 1948. In 1957 he 
was a Nature Conservancy warden on St. Kilda and then joined the staff of the British 
Trust for Ornithology as migration research officer. A Council member and Medallist of 
the British Ornithologists’ Union, Williamson was also Chairman of the International 
Bird Census Committee. He wrote St. Kilda summer (1960) and several identification 
guides and other papers on British birds. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1978: 73-74. 

(1) One Ts in a folder: The birds of St. Kilda with especial reference to migration, [1957]. 
Presented by the British Trust for Ornithology. 

TRING MSS WILLIAMSON 


202. WILLIAMSON, Walter James Franklin (1867-1954) 

Sir Walter Williamson, C.M.G., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., educated at the City of London School 
and at Winder’s, Eastbourne, was in the Financial Department in India until 1900 when 
he became Financial Adviser to the Government of Siam. From 1926 he spent a few years 
in Estonia. He made collections of birds and their eggs and was the author of papers in 
Journal of the Natural History Society of Siam of which he was co-editor. He presented 
his Siamese egg collection to The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1949-8) and be¬ 
queathed his Siamese bird collection (BMNH 1955-1). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 16, 1956: 
87-88; Who Was Who, 1951-1960. 

(1) One folder: papers relating to Sir Walter Williamson’s Siamese egg collection, [ 1949— 
1951]. Included are Ts lists of the eggs which were collected 1916 to 1923. Presented in 
1949. 

TRING EGG MSS WILLIAMSON 



WITHOOS 91 


(2) One box of papers: notes on birds of Siam (Thailand) and Indo-China, 1914-1949. 
These include 43 photographs of nests, an unfinished Ts The birds of Bangkok and environs, 
[c.1944] by Williamson and a Ts Notes on some Siamese birds , 1949, by Guy Charles 
Madoc (b. 1911). Presented by Mrs B.P. Hall in 1962. 

TRING MSS WILLIAMSON 


203. WILLIS, G. S. (fl. 1956-1962) 

Biography unknown. 

(1) One Ts (carbon copy) and one drawing in a folder: Arabian Sea and adjacent waters: 
record of sea-birds observed and sea temperatures taken during month of August, 1956. 
Presented in 1956. 

TRING MSS WILLIS 


204. WITHERBY, Harry Forbes (1873-1943) 

Harry Witherby, M.B.E., F.Z.S., F.R.G.S., M.B.O.U., bom in Croydon, Surrey, entered 
the family publishing firm at the age of 18, and was behind many publishing contributions 
to ornithology. He was a much travelled private collector of birds in Europe, also visiting 
Algeria, the Sudan and Persia. Witherby was Chairman of the British Ornithologists’ Club 
(1924—1927), President (1933-1938) and Medallist of the British Ornithologists' Union, 
President of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists’ Society and an Honorary Fellow of 
the American Ornithologists Union. He inaugurated the bird ringing scheme in this 
country and ran it for nearly 30 years. Witherby was co-author of Practical handbook of 
British birds (1919-1924) and its five volume successor, The handbook of British birds 
(1938-1941), and many other books and papers as well as being Editor of the journal 
British Birds which he founded in 1907. Witherby’s large collection of bird skins was 
purchased by The Natural History Museum (BMNH 1934-1-1) and he donated most of 
the purchase money to the British Trust for Ornithology, of which he was one of the 
founders. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1944: 208-222. 

(1) Two Ms volumes: Catalogue of the birds in the museum of Harry F. Witherby, [1890-1931]. 
TRING MSS WITHERBY 


205. WITHOOS, Pieter (1654-1693) 

Pieter Withoos was born in Amersfoort, Holland, the second son of the artist Mathias 
Withoos (1627-1703). As well as birds, he painted flowers, insects and landscapes. He 
died in Amsterdam. 



92 WOLLEY 


Biographical reference: E. Benezit. 1976. Dictionnaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs 
et graveurs. Librairie Grund. 

(1) Two framed watercolour drawings (23 x 33 cm): one of the White or Reunion Dodo 
with other birds, c.1684, and the other of Shelduck and other ducks, c.1684. The Dodo 
is believed to have been drawn from a living bird brought to Amsterdam ( Transactions 
of the Zoological Society of London 6, 1869: 373-376 & pk). Both drawings were purchased 
by Lord Rothschild in 1918 ( Ibis 1919: 78-79). Bequeathed by Lord Rothschild. 

TRING Drawings WITHOOS 

206. WOLLEY, John (1823-1859) 

John Wolley, M.A., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born in Matlock, Derbyshire. Educated at 
Eton, at Trinity College, Cambridge, and at Edinburgh University, he first studied law 
and then medicine. Wolley had a life-long interest in natural history, particularly in the 
breeding of birds in extreme northern Europe. He wrote several papers on his discoveries 
and contributed information to the works of others, including John Gould’s Birds of Great 
Britain (1862-73). Wolley collected bird skins, most of which he gave to the Norwich 
Museum while his large collection of birds’ eggs was given to Alfred Newton, who 
described them in Ootheca Wo lly ana (1864-1907). 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1860: 172-185. 

(1) One notebook in folder: A list of bird skins [collected in Lapland 1853-1858 by the late 
John Wolley] presented to the Norwich Museum by the Rev. John Wolley of Beeston, 
Nottinghamshire, March 1860, [I860]. Compiled at Norwich Museum. Received from the 
Castle Museum, Norwich, in 1955 when many of their collections (including Wolley bird 
skins) were purchased by The Natural History Museum. 

TRING MSS WOLLEY 

207. WOOSNAM, Richard Bowen (1880-1915) 

Richard Woosnam, C.M.Z.S., M.B.O.U., was born at Builth in Wales, and educated at 
Wellington College. In 1903, after serving in the Army during the South African War, he 
started collecting animals and birds in Africa for The Natural History Museum and for 
the Zoological Society of London. In 1905 he accompanied Colonel A.C. Bailward on a 
journey from the Persian Gulf to the Black Sea. Their collections of birds and eggs were 
presented to The Natural History Museum (birds BMNH 1907-12-21) and described in 
Ibis 1907. On the outbreak of the 1914—1918 War, Woosnam re-joined the Army and was 
killed in action at Gallipoli in the Dardanelles. Further manuscript material is held in the 
Zoology Library of The Natural History Museum. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1915: 781-784. 

(1) One notebook: birds and mammals seen and collected on an expedition through Persia 
and Armenia (now Turkey) in 1905. 

TRING MSS WOOSNAM 



WRIGHT 93 


208. WRAY, Richard Spalding (1865=1889) 

Richard Wray, B.Sc., studied at the Normal School of Science in South Kensington, 
London. He assisted Professor Flower at The Natural History Museum with the preparation 
of biological exhibits and, in 1887, published three papers on the structure of wings and 
feathers. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1889: 263-264. 

(1) Seven pen and coloured ink drawings: anatomical drawings of the heads of African 
Tantalus, Ibis ibis and Ostrich, Struthio camelus’, the hearts of Cassowary, Casuarius 
bennetti, and Ostrich; and of the eye of the Ostrich, [c. 1887]. 

TRING MSS WRAY 

209. WRIGHT, Charles Augustus (1834-1907) 

Charles Wright, F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.LJ., born at Regent’s Park, London, lived for many 
years on the island of Malta, finally returning to England in 1875. He was founder of 
The Malta Times and Mediterranean correspondent of The [London] Times. He collected 
birds, shells and plants and was author of papers on the birds of Malta and Gozo. Wright 
was Vice-President of the Malta Archaeological Society and was awarded the Order of 
Kni ght of the Crown of Italy in recognition of his ornithological studies. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. Ibis 1907: 633. 

(1) Thirteen notebooks in a box: Notes on birds of Malta , 1855-1869 (ten); notes on birds 
of Spain, Greece and Turkey, 1873 (one); notes on plants collected in England, 1883-1889 
(two). Presented by Miss M.S. Johnston in 1943. 

TRING MSS WRIGHT 

(2) One Ms in a folder: List of birds observed in Malta and Gozo named and classified 
according to the most recent authors, republished from the Ibis 1864-1874 [i.e. a revised 
version] with notes of a few additional species, [?c. 1875] 

TRING MSS WRIGHT 

210. WRIGHT, M. Dulcie (d.1965) 

Mrs Wright lived in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and was compiling a survey of the birds of 
Ethiopia at the time of her death. She was the wife of Lieutenant Colonel C.H.E. Wright 
and had formerly been with him in India. 

Biographical reference: internal evidence. 

(1) One Ms in two folders: Birds of Ethiopia (highlands), 1954—1956. Small watercolour 
sketches have been inserted throughout. Presented by Lieutenant Colonel C.H.E. Wright 
in 1970. 

TRING MSS WRIGHT 



94 WRIGHT 


211. WRIGHT, Walter Augustus (1876-1949) 

Walter Wright was born in Hackney in London and later lived in Walthamstow, then at 
Chingford in Essex. He was a jeweller by profession. Wright was an active member of the 
London Natural History Society, many of his ornithological notes being published in its 
London Bird Report. 

Biographical reference: Obituary. London Naturalist 29, 1949 (1950): 142-143. 

(1) Sixteen notebooks and 520 Ms cards in a box: observations on birds, mostly in south¬ 
west Essex, c. 1930-1948. Presented by Dr A.C. Wheeler in 1975. 

TRING MSS WRIGHT 



GEOGRAPHICAL INDEX 


This index is a guide to continents and countries mentioned in the descriptions of the manuscript 
collections. Names of countries are those in use at the time the item was written. The numbers are 
those of the items and not the pages. 


AFRICA 1(1-5), 3(1), 11(4), 84(1), 97(2), 
123(3), 196(2) 

Abyssinia (Ethiopia) 32(4), 210(1) 

Algeria 67(1), 122(2), 142(1), 157(13,14) 
Belgian Congo 36(1,2), 185(1) 

Burundi 190(1) 

Cameroon 13(2) 

East Africa (Kenya) 45(1), 94(1), 135(1), 
142(1), 177(2) 

Eastern Africa 17(1), 49(1), 94(1), 114(1), 
182(1) 

Egypt 31(1), 55(1), 114(1), 149(1), 178(4a), 
195(4) 

Ghana 96(1) 

Liberia 59(1) 

Mali 42(1) 

Morocco 142(1), 192(1) 

Nigeria 96(1), 140(1), 168(1) 

Northern Africa 97(2), 194(1) 

Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) 177(1), 185(1) 
Nyasaland 120(1), 185(1) 

Portuguese East Africa 185(1) 

Red Sea 138(1) 

Ruanda & Urundi 36(1) 

Sahara 157(13) 

Somaliland 6(1), 49(1) 

South Africa 19(2), 107(1), 114(1), 185(1) 
South West Africa 114(1) 

Southern Africa 1(4), 114(1) 

Southern Rhodesia 128(1,2), 185(1) 

Sudan 1(6), 27(1,2), 32(1-4), 114(1), 131(1,2) 
Tanganyika (Tanzania) 64(1), 69(1), 99(1), 
114(1), 158(1) 

Togoland 96(1) 

Tunisia 11(5), 67(1) 

Uganda 94(1) 

Western Africa 11(1), 13(1,3,4) 

ANTARCTIC 5(9) 

South Georgia 153(1) 

Weddell Sea 165(1) 

ARCTIC 

Bear Island and Spitsbergen 97(2) 


ASIA 30(1), 84(1), 97(2), 196(2) 

Afghanistan 116(1) 

Arabia 13(5-10), 123(8) 

Armenia (now Turkey) 207(1) 

Bahrain 7(1) 

Bhutan 8(1), 112(1) 

Burma 48(1), 82(1), 139(1), 152(1), 178(2,4, 
4f), 183(1), 199(1) 

Ceylon (Sri Lanka) 9(3), 10(1,2), 33(1), 
144(1,2), 187(1) 

China 114(1), 127(1), 155(1,2,3) 

Chinese Turkestan 112(1) 

India & Pakistan 5(2), 9(1), 12(1), 14(1), 
25(1,2), 44(1,2), 48(1), 51(1-3), 62(1), 
63(1), 68(1), 80(1), 88(1,2), 90(1), 91(1), 
92(1), 98(1), 105(2), 112(1), 137(1), 158(1), 
175(1), 178(3,4), 183(1), 188(1,2), 195(1,3, 
4,5) 

Indo-China 202(2) 

Java 105(2) 

Malaya 105(2), 155(1) 

Mesopotamia (Iraq) 97(2), 183(1) 

Middle East 194(1) 

Mongolia 30(1) 

Moluccas 174(1) 

Nepal 8(1) 

New Guinea 23(1), 109(1), 174(1) 

Palestine 2(1), 17(1), 55(1), 114(1), 149(1) 
Persia 97(2), 207(1) 

Persian Gulf 138(1), 178(4b) 

Red Sea 138(1) 

Russia 122(2), 148(2) 

Siam (Thailand) 202(1,2) 

Siberia 148(2) 

Sikkim 8(1) 

Syria 149(1) 

Tibet 8(1), 112(1) 

Turkey 207(1), 209(1) 

“Wallacea” 196(2) 

ATLANTIC OCEAN AND ISL ANDS 11(1,3), 
138(1), 165(1) 

Azores 11(11,12) 

Canary Islands ll(2a,2b,10), 121(1), 154(1) 
Cape Verde Islands 11(13) 


96 GEOGRAPHICAL INDEX 


Falkland Islands 5(9), 79(1), 181(1), 186(1) 
Madeira 11(10,11) 

AUSTRALASIA 196(2) 

Australia 21(1,2), 83(1), 104(1), 174(1) 
Chatham Islands 141(1) 

New Zealand 5(4), 100(6) 

CENTRAL AMERICA 

Guatemala 67(1) 

EUROPE 5(8,10), 44(2), 81(1), 97(2), 114(1), 
137(1), 142(1), 157(1,8), 178(4a), 194(1), 
197(1) 

British Isles 5(1,7,8,10), 15(2,3,5), 18(1), 
26(1), 35(1), 41(1), 44(2), 47(1), 56(1), 
62(1), 74(1), 86(1), 87(1), 93(1), 97(1,2), 
118(1), 119(1), 142(1), 151(1), 153(1), 
154(1), 157(1), 172(1), 179(1), 183(1), 
191(1), 195(4) 

see also England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales 
Corsica 122(2), 197(1) 

Crete 122(2), 185(1) 

Cyprus 11(1,3d,9), 97(3), 134(1) 

Denmark 97(2) 

England 185(1), 209(1) 

Berkshire 4(1) 

Dorset 43(1) 

Essex 211(1) 

Herefordshire 86(1) 

Hertfordshire 15(1) 

Lincolnshire 77(1) 

London 110(1) 

Norfolk 178(4d) 

Nottinghamshire 191(1) 

Oxfordshire 4(1) 

Suffolk 178(4) 

Worcestershire 145(1) 

Yorkshire 56(1) 

France 114(1) 

Germany 102(1) 

Gibraltar 154(1) 

Greece 122(2), 209(1) 


Holland 97(2), 148(1) 

Iceland 5(11), 167(1,2) 

Ireland 17(1), 193(1) 

Lapland 5(1), 148(2), 206(1) 

Malta & Gozo 209(1,2) 

Mediterranean Sea 138(1) 

Norway 5(11), 185(1) 

Portugal 192(1) 

Scotland 15(4), 50(1), 189(1), 201(1) 

Sicily 195(2) 

Spain 154(1), 185(1), 192(1), 209(1) 

Sweden 157(4) 

Switzerland 122(2) 

Wales 77(1) 

INDIAN OCEAN AND ISLANDS 138(1) 
Aldabra Atoll 60(1) 

Andaman Islands 178(4e) 

Arabian Sea 203(1) 

Seychelles Islands 138(1), 156(1), 157(5) 

NORTH AMERICA 

Bermuda 154(1) 

U.S.A. 24(1), 73(1), 124(1), 154(1) 

PACIFIC OCEAN AND ISLANDS 40(1), 
147(1) 

Christmas Island 40(1) 

Hawaiian Islands 141(1), 157(2), 200(1) 
Polynesia 11(6) 

Solomon Islands 22(1) 

SOUTH AMERICA 84(1) 

Argentina 57(1), 65(1), 123(1), 169(1), 184(1) 
Bolivia 169(1) 

Brazil 176(1) 

British Guiana 115(1) 

Chile 127(1) 

Ecuador 169(1) 

Galapagos 11(6), 157(5) 

Peru 58(1), 117(1), 127(1), 169(1) 

WEST INDIES 111 

Bahamas 124(1), 178(4a) 







NAME INDEX 


This index is to the writers, artists, donors, institutions, expeditions and ships, associated with the 
manuscripts in the catalogue. The numbers refer to the items, not to the pages. 


African handbook of birds 1 
Aharoni, I. 2 

Alanbrooke, Viscount 11(8) 

Alexander, B. 3, 11(4) 

Alexander, H.G. 105(2) 

Alexander, W.B. 4 

American Museum of Natural History 130(2) 
Andersson, C.J. 1(4) 

Anonymous 5 
Archer, Sir Geoffrey F. 6 

Bahrain 7 
Bailey, E. 8(1) 

Bailey, F.M. 8 
Baker, E.C.S. 9, 144(1) 

Banks, J.D.N. 10 
Banks, J.M. 10(1,2) 

Bannerman, D.A. 11, 36(1) 

Bannerman, W.M.(J) 11 
Bannerman Collection 11 
Barclay, H. 70(1) 

Barnes, H.E. 12 
Bates, G.L. 13 
Beavan, R.C. 14 
Bickerton, W. 15 
Biddulph, S.F. 16 
Bigger, W.G. 17(1) 

Bigger, W.K. 17 

Biological Museum, Stockholm 157(4) 

Birch, W.de G. 139(1) 

Birds’ Feathers 18 
Blackman, D. 188(1,2) 

Bolton, G 19 

Bonhote, J.J.L. 20, 84(2), 171(1), 178(4) 
Bower, T. H. B. 21 
Bradley, D.M. 22 

British Ornithologists’ Union 123(8), 166(1) 
British Ornithologists’ Union Expedition 23, 
174 

British Records Association 151(1) 

British Trust for Ornithology 97(1-3), 201(1) 
Broekhuysen, GJ. 1(5) 

Brooke, A.F. 11(8) 

Buckley, H. 24 

Buller, Sir Walter L. 100(6) 

Burchell, W.J. 1(4) 


Burgess, B. 25 
Butler, A.G. 26 
Butler, A.L. 27, 108(1) 

Butler, E.A. 28 
Buxton, RA. 97(2) 

Caldwell, E. 29 
Campbell, D. 80(1) 

Carruthers, A.D.M. 30 
Carter, H. 31 

Castle Museum, Norwich 75(1^1), 206(1) 
Cave, F.O. 32, 195(1) 

Ceylon Bird Club 33, 144(1) 

Challenger, H.M.S. 34 
Chance, E.R 35 
Chapin, J.R 36, 135(1) 

Chapman, A. 37 
Chavigny, J.de 97(2) 

Cholmondeley, H. 45 
Clancey, RA. 11 (3b) 

Clarke, W.E. 152(2), 178(4) 

Cochrane, J.H. 38 
Cogneau, G. 97(2) 

Colorado State University 144(1) 

Conisbee, L.R. 39 

Cook, H.M.S. 40 

Cotton, T.A. 41 

Cramp, S. 194 

Crosfield, A. 105(2) 

Cuming, W.D. 178(4b) 

Curry, RJ. 42 

Dabbene, R.R. 123(1) 

Dale, C.W. 43 
Davidson, J. 44 
Delamere, Lord 45 
Dixon, C.C. 46 
Dollman, J.C. 47 
Donovan, C. 48 
Dorset County Museum 62(1) 
Drake-Brockman, R.E. 49 
Dunn, E. 50 

Eates, K.R 51 
Edwards, S.T. 52 
Elwes, H.J. 53 


98 NAME INDEX 


England, J. 192(1) 

Eyton, T.C. 54 

Fallodon, Viscount Grey of Fallodon 72 
Fayid Ornithological Club 55 
Ferdinand of Bulgaria, King 11(7) 

Fisher, I.C. 56 
Fisher, R. 56(1) 

Forbes, A.G. 57 
Forbes, H.O. 26(1), 58 
Forbes-Watson, A.D. 59 
Forster, J.A. 149(1) 

Frith, C.B. 60 

Frohawk, F.W. 61, 141(1), 157(2f,lla) 
Frome, Sir Norman F. 62 
Fry, W. 63 

Fuggles-Couchman, N.R. 64 

Gallagher, M.D. 7(1) 

Galton, F. 1(4) 

Garstin, Sir William 198(1) 

Garthwaite, P.F. 178(2) 

Gibson, Mrs. 65(1) 

Gibson, E. 65 
Gladkow, N. 11(7) 

Glegg, W.E. 66 
Goddard, T.R. 37(1) 

Godman & Salvin Collection 67 
Godman, F.D. 67 
Godwin-Austen, H.H. 68 
Golding, J.A. 69 
Gordon, S.R 72(2) 

Gorton, E. 11 (3c) 

Grant, C.H.B. 1 
Grant, W.R.O. 23(1) 

Gray, G.R. 139(1) 

Great Auk 70 
Green, R. 11 (2c), 71 
Grey, Sir Edward 72 
Griffiths, C.I. 7(1) 

Gronvold, H. 1(7), ll(2a,2b), 97(2), 157(llb) 
Gross, A.O. 73 
Gunn, F.E. 74(1) 

Gunn, T.E. 74 
Gurney, J.H. 75 
Gurney, J.H. Jr. 75(1,2) 

Haig Thomas, R. 76 
Haigh, G.H.C. 77 
Hall, M.F. 78 
Hall, B.P. 71(1), 202(2) 

Hamilton, J.E. 79 

Hampshire County Council 41(1) 

Hardwicke, T. 80 


Hargitt, E. 81 

Harington, Sir Charles 82(1) 
Harington, H.H. 82 
Harold Hall Australian Expeditions 83 
Harrison, C.J.O. 51(1,3) 

Hartert, E.J.O. 84, 157(13,14), 178(4) 
Hay, A. 152(2) 

Henry, D.M.R. ll(3a) 

Hewitt, V.V.D. 97 
Hilgert, C. 157(13,14) 

Hopkinson, E. 85 
Home, G. 86 
Howell, T. 86(1) 

Howitt, S. 87 
Hume, A.O. 88 
Hyam, J.C. 157(14) 

Imagines Piscium 89 
Imeson, S. 88(1) 

Impey, Fady Mary 91 
Indian Birds 90 
Indian Birds Colourd 91 
Inglis, C.M. 92 
Ivanov, A.I. 11(7) 

Jackson, C.E. 93 
Jackson, Fady 94(1) 

Jackson, Sir Frederick J. 94 
Jackson, R 7(1) 

Johnston, M.S. 209(1) 

Johnson, T. 95 
Jones, H. 1(6) 

Jones, J.R 96 
Jourdain, F.C.R. 97 
Juilleraf, E. 157(2d) 

Kelly, C.E.Talbot 11 (3d), 176 
Kennedy, N.D. 98 
Kesby, J.D. 99 

Keulemans, J.G. 100, 157(2b, 11c) 
Kinnear, Sir Norman B. 171(1), 178(4) 
Kobayashi, S. 101 
Kozlova, E. 11(7) 

Krebs, F. 1(4) 

Lamarche, B. 42(1) 

Fandbeck, C.E. 102 
Fangton, H. 103 
Fees, A.E. 35(1) 

Feigh, Ford 104 

Finnean Society of Fondon 160(1) 
Fister, G. 105 
Fister, M.D. 106 
Fittledale, H.A.R 107 






NAME INDEX 99 


Loddiges, C. 108(1) 

Loddiges, G. 108 

Lodge, G.E. 157(lld) 

Lodge, R.B. 5(8) 

Loke Wan Tho 109 

Low, G.C. 110 

Lowe, P.R. Ill 

Lowe, W.P. 11(5) 

Loyd, L.R.W. 5(10) 

Ludlow, F. 112 

Lyell, J. C. 113 

Lynes, H. 114 

Nightingales 133 

Noakes, D. 134 

Norfolk and Norwich Museum 75(1,3), 206(1) 
Norman, R. 55(1) 

North, M.E.W. 135 

Norwich Castle Museum 75(1^1), 206(1) 

Ogilvie-Grant, W.R. 23(1) 

Old Hawking Club 136 

O’Neil, H.E. 48(1) 

Osmaston, A.E. 137 

Osmaston, B.B. 178(4e) 

Owen, H.M.S. 138 

McConnell, Mrs 115(1) 

McConnell, F.V. 115 

McCulloch, G.K. 55(1) 

Mackintosh, D. 2(1) 

Mackworth-Praed, C.W. 1, 27(1) 
Maconachie, Sir Richard 116 

Madoc, G.C. 202(2) 

Mant, C.F. 178(4c) 

Manton, H.P. 117 

Marsh,F. 118 

Marsh, G.L. 118(1) 

Marsh, G.T. 119 

Mason, C. 120 

Mason, K. 195(1) 

Master, G.R. 178(4d) 

Mathew, M.A. 26(1) 

Meade-Waldo, E. 121(2) 

Meade-Waldo, E.G.B. 121 

Meiklejohn, M. 122(1,2) 

Meiklejohn, R.F. 122 

Meinertzhagen, R. 13(8), 123, 149(1) 
Millburn, M.C. 157(16) 

Miller, G.S. Jr. 124 

Miller, W.T. 1(5) 

Mitchell, B. 125 

Mobbs, B.G. 126 

Morford, K. 33 

Morrison, A.R.G. 58(1), 127 

Mouritz, L.B. 128 

Mouritz, L.H. 128(1) 

Munro, G.C. 141 

Munt, Mrs 129(1) 

Munt, H. 129 

Murphy, R.C. 130 

Mutzel, 157(2c) 

Myers, J.G. 131 

Oxford University Expedition 97(2) 

Packman, J.C. 139 

Paisley, J.C. 140 

Palmer, LI.C. 141 

Parkin, T. 70(1), 180(1) 

Payn, W.A. 142 

Payne, H. 143 

Payne, S.G. 157(3,5,7,16) 

Percy, Lord Richard C. 156 

Percy, Lord William 149(1) 

Philby, H.St.J.B. 13(5,8) 

Phillips, W.W.A. 144 

Pike, O.G. 145 

Pitt, F. 146 

Plowes, D.C.H. 1(5) 

Poltimore, Lady 136(1) 

Poole, F. 147 

Popham, Mrs 148(2) 

Popham, H.F.A.L. 148 

Portal, M. 149 

Priestley, T.H. 11(3) 

Proctor, Mrs 150(1) 

Proctor, F.W. 150 

Quinlivan, E. 151 

Quest 165 

Ramsay, E.P. 104(1) 

Ramsay, R.G.W. 152 

Rankin, A.N.T. 153 

Reeve, J. 75(3) 

Reid, P.S.G. 154 

Reid, R.A. 154(1) 

Rickett, C.B. 155 

Riddell, W.H. 97(3) 

Newman, J.T. 157(16) 

Newman, T.H. 132 

Newnham, F.J. 186(1) 

Nicoll, M.J. 149(1), 178(4) 

Ridley, Sir Matthew W. 156 

Roberts, T.J. 51(2) 

Rogers, T.D. 7(1) 

Rothschild, Lord L. Walter 6(1), 19(1,2), 24(1), 
29(1), 43(1), 52(1), 61(1), 80(1), 84(1,2,3), 



100 NAME INDEX 


87(1), 89(1), 90(1), 91(1), 95(1-3), 100(6), 
102(1), 119(1), 129(1), 141(1), 143(1), 146(1), 
157, 173(1), 184(1), 197(1), 200(1), 205(1) 
Rowe, E.G. 158 
Rowett, J.Q. 165 

Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter 159, 
199(1) 


Tweeddale, Marquis of 152(2) 

Vallentin, R. 181 
van Someren, V.G.L. 1(5), 182 
Venning, F.E.W. 183 
Venturi, S. 184 
Vincent, A.W. 185 


St. Michael’s School, Limpsfield 172(1) 
Salmon, J.D. 160 
Salvin, O. 67 
Saunders, A. 117(1) 

Saunders, H. 161 
Saxton, L.J. 162 
Sayer, J.A. 42(1) 

Scholey, G.J. 35(1) 

Schiitt, O. 1(4) 

Sclater, RL. 163 

Seebohm, H. 164 

Shackleton, Sir Ernest 165 

Shackleton-Rowett Expedition 165 

Shaffer, L.C. 166 

Sharpe, E.M. 164 

Sharpe, R.B. 84(2), 164 

Sherlock, J.H. 167 

Sherlock, M. 167(2) 

Shuel, R.S. 168 
Simons, RO. 169 
Skinner, K.L. 170 
Slater, H.H. 26(1) 

Smalley, F.W. 20(1,2), 171 
Smalley, R. 171(1) 

Smit, J. 157(1 le) 

Smith, H.C. 178(2,4f) 

Souter, J.A.F. 172 
Speculum Naturae 173 
Stalker, W. 174 
Stark, A.C. 19(2) 

Stevens, H. 175 

Sudan Government Museum 131(1) 

Talbot Kelly, C.E. 11 (3d), 176 
Taylor, RB. 177 
Thomas, H.B. 94(1) 

Thomas, RM. 130(1) 

Thomas, R. Haig 76 
Thorn, W.H. 15(1-4) 

Ticehurst, Mrs 178(1,4) 

Ticehurst, C.B. 20(1,2), 178, 195 
Ticehurst, N.F. 178(1,4) 

Tracy, H.G.H. f79(l) 

Tracy, W.B. 179 
Tristram, H.B. 180 
Tunnard, T.E. 9(3) 


Wace, R.H. 186 
Wahlberg, J.A. 1(4) 

Wait, E.M.C. 187(1) 

Wait, W.E. 187 
Waite, H.W. 188 
Walker, E.M. 189 
Walton, C. 190 
Wardlaw Ramsay, R.G. 152 
Waterhouse, F.H. 163(1) 

Watson, A. 189(1) 

Watson, L.J. 72(1) 

Waumsley, J. 191(1) 

Waumsley, R. 191(1) 

Waumsley, T.H. 191 
Weigold, M.H. 192 
Welch, R.J. 193 

West Palearctic Birds Ltd. 42(1), 194 
Wheeler, A.C. 211(1) 

Whistler, F. 195(4) 

Whistler, H. 178(24), 195 
White, C.M.N. 196 
White, K. 196(2) 

Whitehead, J. 197 
Whymper, C. 198 
Wickham, P.F. 199 
Wilkins, G.H. 165 
Williams, J.J. 157(2a), 200 
Williamson, K. 201 
Williamson, Sir Walter J.F. 202 
Willis, G.S. 203 
Witherby, H.F. 178(4), 204 
Withoos, P. 205 
Wolley, J. 206 
Wo/ey, The Rev. J. 206(1) 

Wood, A.O. 153(1) 
Woodruffe-Peacock, E.A. 77(1) 
Woosnam, R.B. 207 
Worley, C.J. 55(1) 

Wray, R.S. 208 
Wright, C.A. 209 
Wright, C.H.E. 210(1) 

Wright, M.D. 210 
Wright, W.A. 211 

Zayn al-Din, Sheikh 91(1) 

Zenaida 111(1) 


THE NATURAL 
HISTORY MUSEUM 

? 9 1QQ7 

PRESENTED ' 

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THE BRITISH ORNITHOLOGISTS’ CLUB 

OCCASIONAL PUBLICATION SERIES 


No. 1 Extinct and Endangered Birds in the collections of 
The Natural History Museum 

by Alan G. Knox & Michael P. Walters 

No. 2 Manuscripts and Drawings in the Ornithology and Rothschild Libraries of 
The Natural History Museum 

by Frances E. Warr 

No. 3 Avian Egg-shells: an Atlas of Scanning Electron Micrographs 

by Konstantin E. Mikailov 


ISBN 0 9522886 13 




THE 


BOC 


NATURAL 

HISTORY 

MUSEUM